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1

Geothermometry At Gabbs Alkali Flat Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2008...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alkali Flat Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2008) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermometry At Gabbs Alkali Flat Area (Kratt, Et Al.,...

2

Gabbs Alkali Flat Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gabbs Alkali Flat Geothermal Area Gabbs Alkali Flat Geothermal Area (Redirected from Gabbs Alkali Flat Area) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Gabbs Alkali Flat Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (2) 10 References Area Overview Geothermal Area Profile Location: Nevada Exploration Region: Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region GEA Development Phase: 2008 USGS Resource Estimate Mean Reservoir Temp: Estimated Reservoir Volume: Mean Capacity: Click "Edit With Form" above to add content History and Infrastructure Operating Power Plants: 0

3

Gabbs Alkali Flat Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gabbs Alkali Flat Geothermal Area Gabbs Alkali Flat Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Gabbs Alkali Flat Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (2) 10 References Area Overview Geothermal Area Profile Location: Nevada Exploration Region: Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region GEA Development Phase: 2008 USGS Resource Estimate Mean Reservoir Temp: Estimated Reservoir Volume: Mean Capacity: Click "Edit With Form" above to add content History and Infrastructure Operating Power Plants: 0 No geothermal plants listed.

4

2-M Probe At Gabbs Alkali Flat Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2008) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2-M Probe At Gabbs Alkali Flat Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2008) 2-M Probe At Gabbs Alkali Flat Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2008) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: 2-M Probe At Gabbs Alkali Flat Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2008) Exploration Activity Details Location Gabbs Alkali Flat Area Exploration Technique 2-M Probe Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes More than 100 2-meter-deep temperature measurements were made during two separate surveys that took place in December 2007 and April 2008 (Figure 5). The area covered was 16 km in length parallel to the range front and a maximum of nearly 5 km out into the valley. The highest recorded temperature of 37°C was obtained approximately 100 m upslope from Rawhide hot springs. Near these springs, temperatures rapidly cool towards the

5

Whiskey Flats Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Whiskey Flats Geothermal Area Whiskey Flats Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Whiskey Flats Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (1) 9 Exploration Activities (0) 10 References Map: Whiskey Flats Geothermal Area Whiskey Flats Geothermal Area Location Map Area Overview Geothermal Area Profile Location: Nevada Exploration Region: Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region GEA Development Phase: none"None" is not in the list of possible values (Phase I - Resource Procurement and Identification, Phase II - Resource Exploration and Confirmation, Phase III - Permitting and Initial Development, Phase IV - Resource Production and Power Plant Construction) for this property.

6

Vascular Flora of the Rocky Flats Area, Jefferson County, Colorado...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vascular Flora of the Rocky Flats Area, Jefferson County, Colorado, USA Vascular Flora of the Rocky Flats Area, Jefferson County, Colorado, USA August 2010 Jody K. Nelson Vascular...

7

Sagebrush Flat Wildlife Area 2008 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

The Sagebrush Flat Wildlife Area is a 12,718 acre complex located in Douglas County, Washington. Four distinct management units make up the area: Bridgeport, Chester Butte, Dormaier and Sagebrush Flat. The four Units are located across a wide geographic area within Douglas County. The Units are situated roughly along a north/south line from Bridgeport in the north to the Douglas/Grant county line in the south, 60 miles away. The wildlife area was established to conserve and enhance shrubsteppe habitat for the benefit shrubsteppe obligate and dependent wildlife species. In particular, the Sagebrush Flat Wildlife Area is managed to promote the recovery of three state-listed species: Columbian sharp-tailed grouse (threatened), greater sage grouse (threatened) and the pygmy rabbit (endangered). The US Fish and Wildlife Service also list the pygmy rabbit as endangered. Wildlife area staff seeded 250 acres of old agricultural fields located on the Sagebrush Flat, Dormaier and Chester Butte units. This has been a three project to reestablish high quality shrubsteppe habitat on fields that had either been abandoned (Dormaier) or were dominated by non-native grasses. A mix of 17 native grasses and forbs, most of which were locally collected and grown, was used. First year maintenance included spot spraying Dalmatian toadflax on all sites and mowing annual weeds to reduce competition. Photo points were established and will be integral to long term monitoring and evaluation. Additional monitoring and evaluation will come from existing vegetation transects. This year weed control efforts included spot treatment of noxious weeds, particularly Dalmatian toadflax, in previously restored fields on the Bridgeport Unit (150 acres). Spot treatment also took place within fields scheduled for restoration (40 acres) and in areas where toadflax infestations are small and relatively easily contained. Where toadflax is so widespread that chemical treatment would be impractical, we use the bioagent Mecinus janthinus, available through Professor Gary Piper of Washington State University. This year we released 4,000 M. janthinus on the Bridgeport Unit at 6 separate locations. Since 2002 we have released approximately 14,400 of these insects, 80% of these on the Bridgeport Unit. Additional weed control activities included mowing and spot spraying more than 32 miles of roads, cutting and removal of annual weeds within fenced deer exclosures. We upgraded the solar powered irrigation system that supplies water to a stand of water birch trees planted in 2002. Wildlife area staff designed and built a new solar array and installed a higher capacity pump. The increased capacity will ensure that these trees receive adequate water through the hot summer months and allow us to create at least one additional stand. This project is an important part in our effort to expand the available winter habitat for sharp-tailed grouse on the Bridgeport Unit. Maintenance of fences, parking areas and roads continued during throughout the year. Two parking areas, at Chester Butte and Bridgeport, were graded and additional gravel added. Roads on the Bridgeport Unit were graded and repaired following spring runoff. Trespass and dumping issues have increased in recent years on the Bridgeport Unit. To address these problems we constructed four steel gates at access points on this unit. Each gate is tubular steel attached to 8-inch diameter steel posts, 10 feet long that are cemented into the ground. Two gates allow access to BPA substation facilities and power-line right-of ways so placement, construction and locking issues had to be coordinated with BPA's Real Estate staff in Spokane. Environmental Compliance Documentation issues were addressed again this year. This process has the potential to cause delays the completion of projects within the fiscal year. With this in mind and an eye toward the future, we requested that several projects planned for the coming years be surveyed this year. Beginning in August of 2007, area staff worked with BPA staff to identify work elements

Peterson, Dan [Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife

2008-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

8

Late Quaternary geomorphology and soils in Crater Flat, Yucca Mountain area, southern Nevada  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Late Quaternary geomorphology and soils in Crater Flat, Yucca Mountain area, southern Nevada for a Crater Flat cation-leaching curve. This curve differs somewhat from a previous Yucca Mountain curve­10 from a previous ``surficial deposits'' stratigraphy used in the Yucca Mountain area. Although

Dorn, Ron

9

Plutonium contamination in soils in open space and residential areas near Rocky Flats, Colorado  

SciTech Connect

Spatial analysis of the {sup 240}Pu:{sup 239}Pu isotopic ratio of 42 soil samples collected around Rocky Flats Plant near Golden, Colorado, was conducted to assess the effect of Rocky Flats Plant activity on the soil environment. Two probability maps that quantified the uncertainty of the spatial distribution of plutonium isotopic ratios were constructed using the sequential Gaussian simulation technique (sGs). Assuming a plutonium isotopic ratio range of 0.152 {+-} 0.003 to 0.169 {+-} 0.009 is characteristic to global fallout in Colorado, and a mean value of 0.155 is representative for the Rocky Flats Plant area, the main findings of the current work were (1) the areas northwest and southwest of Rocky Flats Plant exhibited a plutonium ratio {ge}0.155, this were minimally impacted by the plant activity; (2) he study area east of Rocky Flats Plant exhibited a plutonium isotopic ratio {le}0.155, which is a definitive indicator of Rocky Flats Plant-derived plutonium; and (3) inventory calculations across the study area exhibited large standard error of estimates. These errors were originated from the high variability in plutonium activity over a small sampling scale and the uncertainty in the global fallout isotopic ratio. Using the mean simulated estimates of plutonium isotopic ratio, coupled with plutonium activity measured at 11 soil pits and additional plutonium information published elsewhere, the plutonium loading on the open space and residential areas amounted to 111.2 GBq, with a standard error of estimate of 50.8 GBq.

Litaor, M.I. [Tel-Hai Rodman Coll., Upper Galilee (Israel). Dept. of Biotechnology and Environmental Sciences

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Sub-crop geologic map of pre-Tertiary rocks in the Yucca Flat and northern Frenchman Flat areas, Nevada Test Site, southern Nevada  

SciTech Connect

This map displays interpreted structural and stratigraphic relations among the Paleozoic and older rocks of the Nevada Test Site region beneath the Miocene volcanic rocks and younger alluvium in the Yucca Flat and northern Frenchman Flat basins. These interpretations are based on a comprehensive examination and review of data for more than 77 drillholes that penetrated part of the pre-Tertiary basement beneath these post-middle Miocene structural basins. Biostratigraphic data from conodont fossils were newly obtained for 31 of these holes, and a thorough review of all prior microfossil paleontologic data is incorporated in the analysis. Subsurface relationships are interpreted in light of a revised regional geologic framework synthesized from detailed geologic mapping in the ranges surrounding Yucca Flat, from comprehensive stratigraphic studies in the region, and from additional detailed field studies on and around the Nevada Test Site. All available data indicate the subsurface geology of Yucca Flat is considerably more complicated than previous interpretations have suggested. The western part of the basin, in particular, is underlain by relics of the eastward-vergent Belted Range thrust system that are folded back toward the west and thrust by local, west-vergent contractional structures of the CP thrust system. Field evidence from the ranges surrounding the north end of Yucca Flat indicate that two significant strike-slip faults track southward beneath the post-middle Miocene basin fill, but their subsurface traces cannot be closely defined from the available evidence. In contrast, the eastern part of the Yucca Flat basin is interpreted to be underlain by a fairly simple north-trending, broad syncline in the pre-Tertiary units. Far fewer data are available for the northern Frenchman Flat basin, but regional analysis indicates the pre-Tertiary structure there should also be relatively simple and not affected by thrusting. This new interpretation has implications for ground water flow through pre-Tertiary rocks beneath the Yucca Flat and northern Frenchman Flat areas, and has consequences for ground water modeling and model validation. Our data indicate that the Mississippian Chainman Shale is not laterally extensive confining unit in the western part of the basin because it is folded back onto itself by the convergent structures of the Belted Range and CP thrust systems. Early and Middle Paleozoic limestone and dolomite are present beneath most of both basins and, regardless of structural complications, are interpreted to form a laterally continuous and extensive carbonate aquifer. Structural culmination that marks the French Peak accommodation zone along the topographic divide between the two basins provides a lateral pathway through highly fractured rock between the volcanic aquifers of Yucca Flat and the regional carbonate aquifer. This pathway may accelerate the migration of ground-water contaminants introduced by underground nuclear testing toward discharge areas beyond the Nevada Test Site boundaries. Predictive three-dimensional models of hydrostratigraphic units and ground-water flow in the pre-Tertiary rocks of subsurface Yucca Flat are likely to be unrealistic due to the extreme structural complexities. The interpretation of hydrologic and geochemical data obtained from monitoring wells will be difficult to extrapolate through the flow system until more is known about the continuity of hydrostratigraphic units. 1 plate

Cole, J.C.; Harris, A.G.; Wahl, R.R.

1997-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

11

A multispectral scanner survey of the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site and surrounding area, Golden, Colorado  

SciTech Connect

Aerial multispectral scanner imagery was collected of the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site in Golden, Colorado, on June 3, 5, 6, and 7, 1994, using a Daedalus AADS1268 multispectral scanner and coincident aerial color and color infrared photography. Flight altitudes were 4,500 feet (1372 meters) above ground level to match prior 1989 survey data; 2,000 feet (609 meters) above ground level for sitewide vegetation mapping; and 1,000 feet (304 meters) above ground level for selected areas of special interest. A multispectral survey was initiated to improve the existing vegetation classification map, to identify seeps and springs, and to generate ARC/INFO Geographic Information System compatible coverages of the vegetation and wetlands for the entire site including the buffer zone. The multispectral scanner imagery and coincident aerial photography were analyzed for the detection, identification, and mapping of vegetation and wetlands. The multispectral scanner data were processed digitally while the color and color infrared photography were manually photo-interpreted to define vegetation and wetlands. Several standard image enhancement techniques were applied to the multispectral scanner data to assist image interpretation. A seep enhancement was applied and a color composite consisting of multispectral scanner channels 11, 7, and 5 (thermal infrared, mid-infrared, and red bands, respectively) proved most useful for detecting seeps, seep zones, and springs. The predawn thermal infrared data were also useful in identifying and locating seeps. The remote sensing data, mapped wetlands, and ancillary Geographic Information System compatible data sets were spatially analyzed for seeps.

Brewster, S.B. Jr.; Brickey, D.W.; Ross, S.L.; Shines, J.E.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Flat | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flat Flat Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Flat Dictionary.png Flat: A relatively smooth landscape with no topographic relief Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Topographic Features List of topographic features commonly encountered in geothermal resource areas: Mountainous Horst and Graben Shield Volcano Flat Lava Dome Stratovolcano Cinder Cone Caldera Depression Resurgent Dome Complex The North Brawley Geothermal Power Plant is located in the Imperial Valley, California, a broad valley with flat topographic features. http://www.pcl.com/Projects-that-Inspire/Pages/North-Brawley-Geothermal-Power-Plant.aspx# Flat terrains are characterized by the absence of major topographic features. Flat topography is typically encountered in areas that have

13

Analysis of the Variability of Classsified and Unclassified Radiological Source term Inventories in the Frenchman Flat Area, Nevada test Site  

SciTech Connect

It has been proposed that unclassified source terms used in the reactive transport modeling investigations at NTS CAUs should be based on yield-weighted source terms calculated using the average source term from Bowen et al. (2001) and the unclassified announced yields reported in DOE/NV-209. This unclassified inventory is likely to be used in unclassified contaminant boundary calculations and is, thus, relevant to compare to the classified inventory. They have examined the classified radionuclide inventory produced by 10 underground nuclear tests conducted in the Frenchman Flat (FF) area of the Nevada Test Site. The goals were to (1) evaluate the variability in classified radiological source terms among the 10 tests and (2) compare that variability and inventory uncertainties to an average unclassified inventory (e.g. Bowen 2001). To evaluate source term variability among the 10 tests, radiological inventories were compared on two relative scales: geometric mean and yield-weighted geometric mean. Furthermore, radiological inventories were either decay corrected to a common date (9/23/1992) or the time zero (t{sub 0}) of each test. Thus, a total of four data sets were produced. The date of 9/23/1992 was chosen based on the date of the last underground nuclear test at the Nevada Test Site.

Zhao, P; Zavarin, M

2008-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

14

A Primitive Alkali Basaltic Stratovolcano And Associated Eruptive Centres,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Primitive Alkali Basaltic Stratovolcano And Associated Eruptive Centres, Primitive Alkali Basaltic Stratovolcano And Associated Eruptive Centres, Northwestern Spitsbergen- Volcanology And Tectonic Significance Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Primitive Alkali Basaltic Stratovolcano And Associated Eruptive Centres, Northwestern Spitsbergen- Volcanology And Tectonic Significance Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Three Quaternary volcanic centres (Sverrefjell, Sigurdfjell and Halvdanpiggen) in northwestern Spitsbergen formed by off-ridge alkali basaltic volcanism associated with nearby ocean-floor spreading and subsequent tectonism. The Sverrefjell volcano is a unique stratovolcano constructed of primitive alkali basaltic pyroclastics with subordinate lavas. About 15-20 vol.% of this volcanic (and the other centres) comprises

15

The Hydrogeologic Character of the Lower Tuff Confining Unit and the Oak Springs Butte Confining Unit in the Tuff Pile Area of Central Yucca Flat  

SciTech Connect

The lower tuff confining unit (LTCU) in the Yucca Flat Corrective Action Unit (CAU) consists of a monotonous sequence of pervasively zeolitized volcanic tuff (i.e., mostly bedded with lesser nonwelded to poorly welded tuff; not fractured) (Bechtel Nevada, 2006). The LTCU is an important confining unit beneath Yucca Flat because it separates the alluvial and volcanic aquifers, where many underground nuclear tests were conducted, from the regional lower carbonate aquifer. Recent sub-CAU-scale modeling by Los Alamos National Laboratory in the Tuff Pile area of Yucca Flat (Boryta, et al., in review) includes postulated low-porosity, high-permeability zones (i.e., fractured welded-tuff aquifers) within the LTCU. This scenario indicates that such postulated low-porosity, high-permeability zones could provide fast-path lateral conduits to faults, and eventually to the lower carbonate aquifer. A fractured and faulted lower carbonate aquifer is postulated to provide a flow path(s) for underground test-derived contaminants to potential offsite receptors. The ramifications of such a scenario are obvious for groundwater flow and contaminant migration beneath Yucca Flat. This paper describes the reasoning for not including postulated low-porosity, high-permeability zones within the LTCU in the Tuff Pile area or within the LTCU in the Yucca Flat CAU-scale model. Both observational and analytical data clearly indicate that the LTCU in the Tuff Pile area consists of pervasively zeolitic, nonwelded to poorly welded tuffs that are classified as tuff confining units (i.e., high-porosity, low-permeability). The position regarding the LTCU in the Tuff Pile area is summarized as follows: The LTCU in the Tuff Pile area consists of a monotonous sequence of predominantly zeolitic nonwelded to poorly welded tuffs, and thus is accurately characterized hydrogeologically as a tuff confining unit (aquitard) in the Yucca Flat-Climax Mine hydrostratigraphic framework model (Bechtel Nevada, 2006). No welded-tuff (or lava-flow aquifers), referred to as low-porosity, high-permeability zones in Boryta et al. (in review), are present within the LTCU in the Tuff Pile area. Fractures within the LTCU are poorly developed, a characteristic of zeolitic tuffs; and fracture distributions are independent of stratigraphic and lithologic units (Prothro, 2008). Groundwater flow and radionuclide transport will not be affected by laterally extensive zones of significantly higher permeability within the LTCU in the Tuff Pile area. Although not the primary focus of this report, the hydrogeologic character of the Oak Spring Butte confining unit (OSBCU), located directly below the LTCU, is also discussed. The OSBCU is lithologically more diverse, and does include nonwelded to partially welded ash-flow tuffs. However, these older ash-flow tuffs are poorly welded and altered (zeolitic to quartzofeldspathic), and consequently, would tend to have properties similar to a tuff confining unit rather than a welded-tuff aquifer.

Sigmund L. Drellack, Jr., Lance B. Prothro, Jose L. Gonzales, and Jennifer M. Mercadante

2010-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

16

Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 570: Area 9 Yucca Flat Atmospheric Test Sites, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, Revision 0  

SciTech Connect

This Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report presents information supporting the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 570: Area 9 Yucca Flat Atmospheric Test Sites, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada. This complies with the requirements of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) that was agreed to by the State of Nevada; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Environmental Management; U.S. Department of Defense; and DOE, Legacy Management. The purpose of the CADD/CR is to provide justification and documentation supporting the recommendation that no further corrective action is needed.

Matthews, Patrick

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 105: Area 2 Yucca Flat Atmospheric Test Sites, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report is to provide justification and documentation supporting the recommendation that no further corrective action is needed for CAU 105 based on the implementation of the corrective actions. Corrective action investigation (CAI) activities were performed from October 22, 2012, through May 23, 2013, as set forth in the Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 105: Area 2 Yucca Flat Atmospheric Test Sites; and in accordance with the Soils Activity Quality Assurance Plan, which establishes requirements, technical planning, and general quality practices.

Matthews, Patrick

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 105: Area 2 Yucca Flat Atmospheric Test Sites, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, Revision 0  

SciTech Connect

This Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report presents information supporting the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 105: Area 2 Yucca Flat Atmospheric Test Sites, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada. CAU 105 comprises the following five corrective action sites (CASs): -02-23-04 Atmospheric Test Site - Whitney Closure In Place -02-23-05 Atmospheric Test Site T-2A Closure In Place -02-23-06 Atmospheric Test Site T-2B Clean Closure -02-23-08 Atmospheric Test Site T-2 Closure In Place -02-23-09 Atmospheric Test Site - Turk Closure In Place The purpose of this Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report is to provide justification and documentation supporting the recommendation that no further corrective action is needed for CAU 105 based on the implementation of the corrective actions. Corrective action investigation (CAI) activities were performed from October 22, 2012, through May 23, 2013, as set forth in the Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 105: Area 2 Yucca Flat Atmospheric Test Sites; and in accordance with the Soils Activity Quality Assurance Plan, which establishes requirements, technical planning, and general quality practices.

Matthews, Patrick

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Analysis of resuspension source area impacts at Rocky Flats surveillance air samplers S-7 and S-8, July 25-August 25, 1983 and September 8-October 4, 1983  

SciTech Connect

An on-going study at the Rocky Flats Plant is being used to evaluate resuspension source area contributions to Pu-239 concentrations at 2 of the samplers in the Plants air sampling network. Early results from the study indicate that Pu-239 concentration levels are being affected primarily by resuspension from a zone 150 meters east and west of the study samplers. Initial results have also shown that net transport of Pu-239 during the sampling period has been from the east toward the west, onto the plant proper. These early findings show that sources immediately east of the 2 samplers are responsible for most of the Pu-239 exposure at the samplers. 2 references, 1 figure, 4 tables.

Hammer, R.J.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Hydrothermal alkali metal recovery process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a coal gasification operation or similar conversion process carried out in the presence of an alkali metal-containing catalyst wherein solid particles containing alkali metal residues are produced, alkali metal constituents are recovered from the particles by treating them with a calcium or magnesium-containing compound in the presence of water at a temperature between about 250.degree. F. and about 700.degree. F. and in the presence of an added base to establish a pH during the treatment step that is higher than would otherwise be possible without the addition of the base. During the treating process the relatively high pH facilitates the conversion of water-insoluble alkali metal compounds in the alkali metal residues into water-soluble alkali metal constituents. The resultant aqueous solution containing water-soluble alkali metal constituents is then separated from the residue solids, which consist of the treated particles and any insoluble materials formed during the treatment step, and recycled to the gasification process where the alkali metal constituents serve as at least a portion of the alkali metal constituents which comprise the alkali metal-containing catalyst. Preferably, the base that is added during the treatment step is an alkali metal hydroxide obtained by water washing the residue solids produced during the treatment step.

Wolfs, Denise Y. (Houston, TX); Clavenna, Le Roy R. (Baytown, TX); Eakman, James M. (Houston, TX); Kalina, Theodore (Morris Plains, NJ)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alkali flat area" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 569: Area 3 Yucca Flat Atmospheric Test Sites Nevada National Security Site, Nevada with ROTC 1, Revision 0  

SciTech Connect

This Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report presents information supporting the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 569: Area 3 Yucca Flat Atmospheric Test Sites, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada. CAU 569 comprises the following nine corrective action sites (CASs): 03-23-09, T-3 Contamination Area 03-23-10, T-3A Contamination Area 03-23-11, T-3B Contamination Area 03-23-12, T-3S Contamination Area 03-23-13, T-3T Contamination Area 03-23-14, T-3V Contamination Area 03-23-15, S-3G Contamination Area 03-23-16, S-3H Contamination Area 03-23-21, Pike Contamination Area The purpose of this Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report is to provide justification and documentation supporting the recommendation that no further corrective action is needed for CAU 569 based on the implementation of the corrective actions listed in Table ES-2.

Sloop, Christy

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 106: Area 5, 11 Frenchman Flat Atmospheric Sites, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, Revision 0  

SciTech Connect

Corrective Action Unit 106 comprises four corrective action sites (CASs): (1) 05-20-02, Evaporation Pond; (2) 05-23-05, Atmospheric Test Site - Able; (3) 05-45-04, 306 GZ Rad Contaminated Area; (4) 05-45-05, 307 GZ Rad Contaminated Area. The purpose of this CADD/CR is to provide justification and documentation supporting the recommendation that no further corrective action is needed for CAU 106 based on the implementation of corrective actions. The corrective action of clean closure was implemented at CASs 05-45-04 and 05-45-05, while no corrective action was necessary at CASs 05-20-02 and 05-23-05. Corrective action investigation (CAI) activities were performed from October 20, 2010, through June 1, 2011, as set forth in the Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 106: Areas 5, 11 Frenchman Flat Atmospheric Sites. The approach for the CAI was divided into two facets: investigation of the primary release of radionuclides, and investigation of other releases (mechanical displacement and chemical releases). The purpose of the CAI was to fulfill data needs as defined during the data quality objective (DQO) process. The CAU 106 dataset of investigation results was evaluated based on a data quality assessment. This assessment demonstrated the dataset is complete and acceptable for use in fulfilling the DQO data needs. Investigation results were evaluated against final action levels (FALs) established in this document. A radiological dose FAL of 25 millirem per year was established based on the Industrial Area exposure scenario (2,250 hours of annual exposure). The only radiological dose exceeding the FAL was at CAS 05-45-05 and was associated with potential source material (PSM). It is also assumed that additional PSM in the form of depleted uranium (DU) and DU-contaminated debris at CASs 05-45-04 and 05-45-05 exceed the FAL. Therefore, corrective actions were undertaken at these CASs that consisted of removing PSM and collecting verification samples. Results of verification samples show that remaining soil does not contain contamination exceeding the FALs. Therefore, the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) provides the following recommendations: (1) No further corrective actions are necessary for CAU 106. (2) A Notice of Completion to NNSA/NSO is requested from the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection for closure of CAU 106. (3) Corrective Action Unit 106 should be moved from Appendix III to Appendix IV of the FFACO.

Patrick Matthews and Dawn Peterson

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Purification of alkali metal nitrates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is disclosed for removing heavy metal contaminants from impure alkali metal nitrates containing them. The process comprises mixing the impure nitrates with sufficient water to form a concentrated aqueous solution of the impure nitrates, adjusting the pH of the resulting solution to within the range of between about 2 and about 7, adding sufficient reducing agent to react with heavy metal contaminants within said solution, adjusting the pH of the solution containing reducing agent to effect precipitation of heavy metal impurities and separating the solid impurities from the resulting purified aqueous solution of alkali metal nitrates. The resulting purified solution of alkali metal nitrates may be heated to evaporate water therefrom to produce purified molten alkali metal nitrate suitable for use as a heat transfer medium. If desired, the purified molten form may be granulated and cooled to form discrete solid particles of alkali metal nitrates.

Fiorucci, Louis C. (Hamden, CT); Gregory, Kevin M. (Woodridge, IL)

1985-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

24

Upgrading platform using alkali metals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for removing sulfur, nitrogen or metals from an oil feedstock (such as heavy oil, bitumen, shale oil, etc.) The method involves reacting the oil feedstock with an alkali metal and a radical capping substance. The alkali metal reacts with the metal, sulfur or nitrogen content to form one or more inorganic products and the radical capping substance reacts with the carbon and hydrogen content to form a hydrocarbon phase. The inorganic products may then be separated out from the hydrocarbon phase.

Gordon, John Howard

2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

25

Alkali activated aerogels.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Clay aerogels are unique materials formed through the sublimation drying of aluminosilicate clay hydrogels. Aerogels have been an area of increased research interest in the (more)

Svingala, Forrest R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Diesel prices flat  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices flat The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel saw no movement from last week. Prices remained flat at 3.89 a gallon on Monday, based on the weekly...

27

Electrolytic method to make alkali alcoholates using ion conducting alkali electrolyte/separator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Alkali alcoholates, also called alkali alkoxides, are produced from alkali metal salt solutions and alcohol using a three-compartment electrolytic cell. The electrolytic cell includes an anolyte compartment configured with an anode, a buffer compartment, and a catholyte compartment configured with a cathode. An alkali ion conducting solid electrolyte configured to selectively transport alkali ions is positioned between the anolyte compartment and the buffer compartment. An alkali ion permeable separator is positioned between the buffer compartment and the catholyte compartment. The catholyte solution may include an alkali alcoholate and alcohol. The anolyte solution may include at least one alkali salt. The buffer compartment solution may include a soluble alkali salt and an alkali alcoholate in alcohol.

Joshi, Ashok V. (Salt Lake City, UT); Balagopal, Shekar (Sandy, UT); Pendelton, Justin (Salt Lake City, UT)

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

28

Treatment of a severe alkali burn  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The case history of a 20-year-old male patient who sustained an 85 per cent total body surface area alkali burn to his skin, after falling into a caustic lime pit, is reported. Considerable problems regarding the correct estimate of burn wound depth, predominant location of the deepest burn on the posterior half of the body, appropriate wound coverage, and lack of sufficient skin graft donor sites required a complex treatment plan. Excisions to fascia and intradermal debridement were required to achieve an appropriate bed for wound closure. Five per cent mafenide acetate solution (Sulfamylon) was applied to prevent burn wound sepsis. Human allografts and Biobrane were used extensively to achieve temporary wound closure, to provide mechanical protection of freshly autografted wounds, and to prevent desiccation following application of cultured epidermal autografts on to debrided wounds and split thickness skin grafted donor sites. The case illustrates a number of problems associated with the evaluation and treatment of patients suffering severe alkali burns, and demonstrates the implementation of both established and evolving technologies in the management of these injuries.

D. Erdmann; J. Hussmann; J.O. Kucan

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 569: Area 3 Yucca Flat Atmospheric Test Sites Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, Revision 0  

SciTech Connect

Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 569 is located in Area 3 of the Nevada National Security Site, which is approximately 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. Corrective Action Unit 569 comprises the nine numbered corrective action sites (CASs) and one newly identified site listed below: (1) 03-23-09, T-3 Contamination Area (hereafter referred to as Annie, Franklin, George, and Moth); (2) 03-23-10, T-3A Contamination Area (hereafter referred to as Harry and Hornet); (3) 03-23-11, T-3B Contamination Area (hereafter referred to as Fizeau); (4) 03-23-12, T-3S Contamination Area (hereafter referred to as Rio Arriba); (5) 03-23-13, T-3T Contamination Area (hereafter referred to as Catron); (6) 03-23-14, T-3V Contamination Area (hereafter referred to as Humboldt); (7) 03-23-15, S-3G Contamination Area (hereafter referred to as Coulomb-B); (8) 03-23-16, S-3H Contamination Area (hereafter referred to as Coulomb-A); (9) 03-23-21, Pike Contamination Area (hereafter referred to as Pike); and (10) Waste Consolidation Site 3A. Because CAU 569 is a complicated site containing many types of releases, it was agreed during the data quality objectives (DQO) process that these sites will be grouped. These sites are being investigated because existing information on the nature and extent of potential contamination is insufficient to evaluate and recommend corrective action alternatives (CAAs). Additional information will be obtained by conducting a corrective action investigation before evaluating CAAs and selecting the appropriate corrective action for each study group. The results of the field investigation will support a defensible evaluation of viable CAAs that will be presented in the Corrective Action Decision Document. The sites will be investigated based on the DQOs developed on September 26, 2011, by representatives of the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office. The DQO process was used to identify and define the type, amount, and quality of data needed to develop and evaluate appropriate corrective actions for CAU 569. The presence and nature of contamination at CAU 569 will be evaluated based on information collected from a field investigation. Radiological contamination will be evaluated based on a comparison of the total effective dose (TED) at sample locations to the dose-based final action level (FAL). The TED will be calculated as the total of separate estimates of internal and external dose. Results from the analysis of soil samples will be used to calculate internal radiological dose. Thermoluminescent dosimeters placed at the center of each sample location will be used to measure external radiological dose. A field investigation will be performed to define any areas where TED exceeds the FAL and to determine whether contaminants of concern are present at the site from other potential releases. The presence and nature of contamination from other types of releases (e.g., excavation, migration, and any potential releases discovered during the investigation) will be evaluated using soil samples collected from biased locations indicating the highest levels of contamination. Appendix A provides a detailed discussion of the DQO methodology and the objectives specific to each study group.

Patrick Matthews; Christy Sloop

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali metal nitrate Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

METAL-ALKALI HALIDE Summary: CONDUCTIVITY OF ALKALI METAL-ALKALI HALIDE SOLUTIONS R. GILBERT and G. J. MORGAN The Physics Department... to liquid alkali metals electrons are...

31

Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 106: Areas 5, 11 Frenchman Flat Atmospheric Sites, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Revision 0  

SciTech Connect

Corrective Action Unit (CAU)106 is located in Area 5 of the Nevada Test Site, which is approximately 65miles northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. Corrective Action Unit 106 comprises the five corrective action sites (CASs) listed below: 05-23-02, GMX Alpha Contaminated Area 05-23-05, Atmospheric Test Site - Able 05-45-01, Atmospheric Test Site - Hamilton 05-45-04, 306 GZ Rad Contaminated Area 05-45-05, 307 GZ Rad Contaminated Area These sites are being investigated because existing information on the nature and extent of potential contamination is insufficient to evaluate and recommend corrective action alternatives (CAAs). Additional information will be obtained by conducting a corrective action investigation before evaluating CAAs and selecting the appropriate corrective action for each CAS. The results of the field investigation will support a defensible evaluation of viable CAAs that will be presented in the Corrective Action Decision Document. The sites will be investigated based on the data quality objectives (DQOs) developed on January 19, 2010, by representatives of the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection and the U.S.Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office. The DQO process was used to identify and define the type, amount, and quality of data needed to develop and evaluate appropriate corrective actions for CAU106. The presence and nature of contamination at CAU 106 will be evaluated based on information collected from a field investigation. The CAU includes land areas impacted by the release of radionuclides from a weapons-effect tower test (CAS 05-45-01), a weapons-related airdrop test (CAS05-23-05), equation of state experiments (CAS 05-23-02), and unknown support activities at two sites (CAS 05-45-04 and CAS 05-45-05). Surface-deposited radiological contamination will be evaluated based on a comparison of the total effective dose (TED) at sample plot locations to the dose-based final action level. The TED will be calculated as the total of separate estimates of internal and external doses. Results from the analysis of soil samples collected from sample plots will be used to calculate internal radiological dose. Thermoluminescent dosimeters placed at the center of each sample plot will be used to measure external radiological dose. The presence and nature of contamination from other types of releases (such as migration and excavation as well as any potential releases discovered during the investigation) will be evaluated using soil samples collected from the locations most likely containing contamination, if present. AppendixA provides a detailed discussion of the DQO methodology and the DQOs specific to eachCAS. The scope of the corrective action investigation for CAU 106 includes the following activities: Conduct radiological surveys. Collect and submit environmental samples for laboratory analysis to determine internal doserates and the presence of contaminants of concern. If contaminants of concern are present, collect additional samples to define the extent of thecontamination and determine the area where TED at the site exceeds final action levels (i.e., corrective action boundary). Collect samples of investigation-derived waste, as needed, for waste management purposes.

Patrick Matthews

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Regenerable activated bauxite adsorbent alkali monitor probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A regenerable activated bauxite adsorber alkali monitor probe for field applications to provide reliable measurement of alkali-vapor concentration in combustion gas with special emphasis on pressurized fluidized-bed combustion (PFBC) off-gas. More particularly, the invention relates to the development of a easily regenerable bauxite adsorbent for use in a method to accurately determine the alkali-vapor content of PFBC exhaust gases. 6 figs.

Lee, S.H.D.

1992-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

33

Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 570: Area 9 Yucca Flat Atmospheric Test Sites Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, Revision 0  

SciTech Connect

CAU 570 comprises the following six corrective action sites (CASs): 02-23-07, Atmospheric Test Site - Tesla 09-23-10, Atmospheric Test Site T-9 09-23-11, Atmospheric Test Site S-9G 09-23-14, Atmospheric Test Site - Rushmore 09-23-15, Eagle Contamination Area 09-99-01, Atmospheric Test Site B-9A These sites are being investigated because existing information on the nature and extent of potential contamination is insufficient to evaluate and recommend corrective action alternatives (CAAs). Additional information will be obtained by conducting a corrective action investigation before evaluating CAAs and selecting the appropriate corrective action for each CAS. The results of the field investigation will support a defensible evaluation of viable CAAs that will be presented in the Corrective Action Decision Document. The sites will be investigated based on the data quality objectives (DQOs) developed on April 30, 2012, by representatives of the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office. The DQO process was used to identify and define the type, amount, and quality of data needed to develop and evaluate appropriate corrective actions for CAU 570. The site investigation process will also be conducted in accordance with the Soils Activity Quality Assurance Plan, which establishes requirements, technical planning, and general quality practices to be applied to this activity. The presence and nature of contamination at CAU 570 will be evaluated based on information collected from a field investigation. Radiological contamination will be evaluated based on a comparison of the total effective dose at sample locations to the dose-based final action level. The total effective dose will be calculated as the total of separate estimates of internal and external dose. Results from the analysis of soil samples will be used to calculate internal radiological dose. Thermoluminescent dosimeters placed near the center of each sample location will be used to measure external radiological dose. Appendix A provides a detailed discussion of the DQO methodology and the DQOs specific to each CAS.

Patrick Matthews

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 104: Area 7 Yucca Flat Atmospheric Test Sites, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, Revision 0  

SciTech Connect

CAU 104 comprises the 15 CASs listed below: (1) 07-23-03, Atmospheric Test Site T-7C; (2) 07-23-04, Atmospheric Test Site T7-1; (3) 07-23-05, Atmospheric Test Site; (4) 07-23-06, Atmospheric Test Site T7-5a; (5) 07-23-07, Atmospheric Test Site - Dog (T-S); (6) 07-23-08, Atmospheric Test Site - Baker (T-S); (7) 07-23-09, Atmospheric Test Site - Charlie (T-S); (8) 07-23-10, Atmospheric Test Site - Dixie; (9) 07-23-11, Atmospheric Test Site - Dixie; (10) 07-23-12, Atmospheric Test Site - Charlie (Bus); (11) 07-23-13, Atmospheric Test Site - Baker (Buster); (12) 07-23-14, Atmospheric Test Site - Ruth; (13) 07-23-15, Atmospheric Test Site T7-4; (14) 07-23-16, Atmospheric Test Site B7-b; (15) 07-23-17, Atmospheric Test Site - Climax These sites are being investigated because existing information on the nature and extent of potential contamination is insufficient to evaluate and recommend corrective action alternatives (CAAs). Additional information will be obtained by conducting a corrective action investigation before evaluating CAAs and selecting the appropriate corrective action for each CAS. The results of the field investigation will support a defensible evaluation of viable CAAs that will be presented in the Corrective Action Decision Document. The sites will be investigated based on the data quality objectives (DQOs) developed on April 28, 2011, by representatives of the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office. The DQO process was used to identify and define the type, amount, and quality of data needed to develop and evaluate appropriate corrective actions for CAU 104. The releases at CAU 104 consist of surface-deposited radionuclides from 30 atmospheric nuclear tests. The presence and nature of contamination at CAU 104 will be evaluated based on information collected from a field investigation. Radiological contamination will be evaluated based on a comparison of the total effective dose (TED) to the dose-based final action level (FAL). The presence of TED exceeding the FAL is considered a radiological contaminant of concern (COC). Anything identified as a COC will require corrective action. The TED will be calculated as the total of separate estimates of internal and external dose. Results from the analysis of soil samples will be used to calculate internal radiological dose. Thermoluminescent dosimeters will be used to measure external radiological dose. Based on process knowledge of the releases associated with the nuclear tests and radiological survey information about the location and shape of the resulting contamination plume, it was determined that the releases from the nuclear tests are co-located and will be investigated concurrently. A field investigation will be performed to define areas where TED exceeds the FAL and to determine whether other COCs are present at the site. The investigation will also collect information to determine the presence and nature of contamination associated with migration and excavation, as well as any potential releases discovered during the investigation. Appendix A provides a detailed discussion of the DQO methodology and the DQOs specific to each CAS.

Patrick Matthews

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 105: Area 2 Yucca Flat Atmospheric Test Sites Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, Revision 0  

SciTech Connect

Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 105 is located in Area 2 of the Nevada National Security Site, which is approximately 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. CAU 105 is a geographical grouping of sites where there has been a suspected release of contamination associated with atmospheric nuclear testing. This document describes the planned investigation of CAU 105, which comprises the following corrective action sites (CASs): 02-23-04, Atmospheric Test Site - Whitney 02-23-05, Atmospheric Test Site T-2A 02-23-06, Atmospheric Test Site T-2B 02-23-08, Atmospheric Test Site T-2 02-23-09, Atmospheric Test Site - Turk These sites are being investigated because existing information on the nature and extent of potential contamination is insufficient to evaluate and recommend corrective action alternatives (CAAs). Additional information will be obtained by conducting a corrective action investigation before evaluating CAAs and selecting the appropriate corrective action for each CAS. The results of the field investigation will support a defensible evaluation of viable CAAs that will be presented in the Corrective Action Decision Document. The sites will be investigated based on the data quality objectives (DQOs) developed on April 30, 2012, by representatives of the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office. The DQO process was used to identify and define the type, amount, and quality of data needed to develop and evaluate appropriate corrective actions for CAU 105. The site investigation process will also be conducted in accordance with the Soils Activity Quality Assurance Plan, which establishes requirements, technical planning, and general quality practices to be applied to this activity. The potential contamination sources associated with all CAU 105 CASs are from atmospheric nuclear testing activities. The presence and nature of contamination at CAU 105 will be evaluated based on information collected from a field investigation. Radiological contamination will be evaluated based on a comparison of the total effective dose at sample locations to the dose-based final action level. The total effective dose will be calculated as the total of separate estimates of internal and external dose. Results from the analysis of soil samples will be used to calculate internal radiological dose. Thermoluminescent dosimeters placed at the center of each sample location will be used to measure external radiological dose. Appendix A provides a detailed discussion of the DQO methodology and the DQOs specific to each CAS. This Corrective Action Investigation Plan has been developed in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order that was agreed to by the State of Nevada; DOE, Environmental Management; U.S. Department of Defense; and DOE, Legacy Management. Under the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order, this Corrective Action Investigation Plan will be submitted to the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection for approval. Fieldwork will be conducted after the plan is approved.

Patrick Matthews

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Rocky flats teams forming  

SciTech Connect

Bidding teams are shaping up to go after the $3.5-billion, five-year contract to manage ongoing operations and cleanup of the US Dept. of Energy`s Rocky Flats nuclear weapon plant near Denver.

NONE

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Salt Wells, Eight Mile Flat | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Salt Wells, Eight Mile Flat Salt Wells, Eight Mile Flat Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Salt Wells, Eight Mile Flat Abstract Abstract unavailable. Author Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Published Online Nevada Encyclopedia, 2009 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Salt Wells, Eight Mile Flat Citation Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology. Salt Wells, Eight Mile Flat [Internet]. 2009. Online Nevada Encyclopedia. [updated 2009/03/24;cited 2013/08/07]. Available from: http://www.onlinenevada.org/articles/salt-wells-eight-mile-flat Related Geothermal Exploration Activities Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Development Wells At Salt Wells Area (Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology, 2009) Salt Wells Geothermal Area

38

AREA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AREA AREA FAQ # Question Response 316 vs DCAA FAQ 1 An inquiry from CH about an SBIR recipient asking if a DCAA audit is sufficient to comply with the regulation or if they need to add this to their audit they have performed yearly by a public accounting firm. 316 audits are essentially A-133 audits for for-profit entities. They DO NOT replace DCAA or other audits requested by DOE to look at indirect rates or incurred costs or closeouts. DCAA would never agree to perform A-133 or our 316 audits. They don't do A-133 audits for DOD awardees. The purpose of the audits are different, look at different things and in the few instances of overlap, from different perspectives. 316

39

Diode pumped alkali vapor fiber laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus is provided for producing near-diffraction-limited laser light, or amplifying near-diffraction-limited light, in diode pumped alkali vapor photonic-band-gap fiber lasers or amplifiers. Laser light is both substantially generated and propagated in an alkali gas instead of a solid, allowing the nonlinear and damage limitations of conventional solid core fibers to be circumvented. Alkali vapor is introduced into the center hole of a photonic-band-gap fiber, which can then be pumped with light from a pump laser and operated as an oscillator with a seed beam, or can be configured as an amplifier.

Payne, Stephen A. (Castro Valley, CA); Beach, Raymond J. (Livermore, CA); Dawson, Jay W. (Livermore, CA); Krupke, William F. (Pleasanton, CA)

2006-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

40

Diode pumped alkali vapor fiber laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus is provided for producing near-diffraction-limited laser light, or amplifying near-diffraction-limited light, in diode pumped alkali vapor photonic-band-gap fiber lasers or amplifiers. Laser light is both substantially generated and propagated in an alkali gas instead of a solid, allowing the nonlinear and damage limitations of conventional solid core fibers to be circumvented. Alkali vapor is introduced into the center hole of a photonic-band-gap fiber, which can then be pumped with light from a pump laser and operated as an oscillator with a seed beam, or can be configured as an amplifier.

Payne, Stephen A. (Castro Valley, CA); Beach, Raymond J. (Livermore, CA); Dawson, Jay W. (Livermore, CA); Krupke, William F. (Pleasanton, CA)

2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alkali flat area" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Cleanup at Rocky Flats  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

David L. Clark, Los Alamos National Laboratory David L. Clark, Los Alamos National Laboratory The Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) is an environmental cleanup site located about 16 miles northwest of downtown Denver (Fig 1). Two decades of routine monitoring have shown that the environment around RFETS is contaminated with actinide elements (U, Pu, Am) from site operations, [1] and RFETS has been designated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as a Superfund cleanup site. Until December 1989, the Rocky Flats Plant made components for nuclear weapons using various radioactive and hazardous materials, including plutonium, uranium and beryllium. Nearly 40 years of nuclear weapons production left behind a legacy of contaminated facilities, soils, and ground water. More than 2.5 million people live within a 50 mile radius of the site; 300,000 of those live in the Rocky Flats watershed.

42

The Theoryof Maximally Flat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TRANSACTIONSON AUDIO AND ELECTROACOUSTICS, VOL. AU-20, NO. 3, AUGUST 1972 dynamic drag of the voice coil be made as flat as thedesigner'sconstraints permit. II. Theory Let the dc resistance of the voice coil, rl the mechanical re- sistance of the cone suspension, and SIthe suspension stiff- ness or spring

California at Berkeley, University of

43

Fate of alkalis in coal combustion  

SciTech Connect

The results of these measurements and experiments provide a plausible way to begin an explanation for the distribution of alkali in the ash particulates. To summarize: (1) under typical coal combustion conditions in an atmosphere rich in CO/sub 2/ and/or SO/sub 2/, the alkalis in the organic fraction do not vaporize but remain bound in the ash as stable carbonates or sulfates; (2) the alkalis in the inorganic fraction diffuse to the surface producing enrichment by a factor of about 13 to a depth of about 100A. The results, however, do not provide conclusive evidence about the fate of the alkalis. The effect of water vapor in the combustion stream has not yet been studied. Clearly, water could have an important effect on the vaporization process. Furthermore, the reasoning we have followed to explain the absence of alkali enrichment in the submicron particles requires that the volatilization of the alkalis in both the organic and inorganic fraction not be significant (say less than 20%).

Stewart, G.W. (Aerodyne Research, Inc., Bedford, MA); Stinespring, C.D.; Davidovits, P.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Alteration of alkali reactive aggregates autoclaved in different alkali solutions and application to alkali-aggregate reaction in concrete  

SciTech Connect

Surface alteration of typical aggregates with alkali-silica reactivity and alkali-carbonate reactivity, i.e. Spratt limestone (SL) and Pittsburg dolomitic limestone (PL), were studied by XRD and SEM/EDS after autoclaving in KOH, NaOH and LiOH solutions at 150 deg. C for 150 h. The results indicate that: (1) NaOH shows the strongest attack on both ASR and ACR aggregates, the weakest attack is with LiOH. For both aggregates autoclaved in different alkali media, the crystalline degree, morphology and distribution of products are quite different. More crystalline products are formed on rock surfaces in KOH than that in NaOH solution, while almost no amorphous product is formed in LiOH solution; (2) in addition to dedolomitization of PL in KOH, NaOH and LiOH solutions, cryptocrystalline quartz in PL involves in reaction with alkaline solution and forms typical alkali-silica product in NaOH and KOH solutions, but forms lithium silicate (Li{sub 2}SiO{sub 3}) in LiOH solution; (3) in addition to massive alkali-silica product formed in SL autoclaved in different alkaline solutions, a small amount of dolomite existing in SL may simultaneously dedolomitize and possibly contribute to expansion; (4) it is promising to use the duplex effect of LiOH on ASR and ACR to distinguish the alkali-silica reactivity and alkali-carbonate reactivity of aggregate when both ASR and ACR might coexist.

Lu Duyou [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, 5 New Model Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210009 (China) and ICON/CANMET, Natural Resources Canada, 405 Rochester Street, Ottawa, ON, K1A 0G1 (Canada)]. E-mail: duyoulu@njut.edu.cn; Mei Laibao [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, 5 New Model Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210009 (China); Xu Zhongzi [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, 5 New Model Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210009 (China); Tang Mingshu [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, 5 New Model Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210009 (China); Fournier, Benoit [ICON/CANMET, Natural Resources Canada, 405 Rochester Street, Ottawa, ON, K1A 0G1 (Canada)

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

45

The alkali soils of the middle Niger Valley Origins, formation and present evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 The alkali soils of the middle Niger Valley Origins, formation and present evolution Laurent area of the middle Niger valley (Niger Republic), irrigation techniques had been developed to respond, 1994). The contact between the two soil types is always so abrupt that in the all West-Africa surveys

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

46

Flat Oval Spiral Duct Deflection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(c) 20 Gauge and 48 inch Flat Span (d) 24 Gauge and 6 inch Flat Span (e) 24 Gauge and 14 inch Flat Span (f) 26 Gauge and 25 inch Flat Span Figure 7.2.: Unreinforced Positive 35 (g) (cont.) 18 Gauge and 63 inch Flat Span (h) (cont.) 20 Gauge and 14.... [18] Ducts can be used in many applications some; applications might be high temperature or even corrosive or abrasive. Ducts are generally used in industrial ventilation, air pollution, and dust collecting systems. Metals can corrode from chemicals...

Daugherty, Matthew

2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

47

Hydrogen Release Studies of Alkali Metal Amidoboranes. | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Release Studies of Alkali Metal Amidoboranes. Hydrogen Release Studies of Alkali Metal Amidoboranes. Abstract: A series of metal amido boranes LiNH2BH3 (LAB), NaNH2BH3 (SAB),...

48

Selection of non-adsorbing alkali components  

SciTech Connect

This project consists of three phases of laboratory experimental study. In phase I (screening), eight candidate materials, 304SS (serves as a base material for comparison), Hastelloy C-276, Hastelloy X, Haynes No. 188, Allonized 304SS, Pt-coated 304SS, and ceramic-coated 304SS, will be subjected to atmospheric TGA study under the simulated PFBC (oxidizing) environment with and without alkali vapor doping. Each candidate material will be evaluated for its resistance toward alkali-vapor capture. In addition, a post-test metallographic characterization of the sample will be performed to obtain a better understanding of the alkali capture mechanism and material behavior. The material(s) with little or no alkali-vapor adsorption will be selected as the promising material(s) for the Phase II study. In Phase II, the promising material(s) will be further tested in the TGA under elevated pressure to simulate the PFBC environment (in terms of temperature, pressure, and gas composition). The effect of pressure on the extent of alkali-vapor adsorption will be evaluated, and the test samples will be metallographically characterized. The most promising candidate material(s) will be identified and recommended for further tesfing in the actual PFBC environment. In Phase III, four materials will be selected from the eight candidate materials screened in the PFBC environment and will be evaluated for their alkali-vapor capture by atmospheric TGA under the coal gasification fuel gas (reducing) environment. The tested samples will also be metallographically characterized. The most promising material(s) will be identified and recommended for further testing in the actual coal gasification environment.

Lee, S.H.D.; Natesan, K.; Swift, W.M.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Alkali resistant optical coatings for alkali lasers and methods of production thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In one embodiment, a multilayer dielectric coating for use in an alkali laser includes two or more alternating layers of high and low refractive index materials, wherein an innermost layer includes a thicker, >500 nm, and dense, >97% of theoretical, layer of at least one of: alumina, zirconia, and hafnia for protecting subsequent layers of the two or more alternating layers of high and low index dielectric materials from alkali attack. In another embodiment, a method for forming an alkali resistant coating includes forming a first oxide material above a substrate and forming a second oxide material above the first oxide material to form a multilayer dielectric coating, wherein the second oxide material is on a side of the multilayer dielectric coating for contacting an alkali.

Soules, Thomas F; Beach, Raymond J; Mitchell, Scott C

2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

50

128 CEREAL CHEMISTRY Effects of Alkali Debranning, Roller Mill Cracking and Gap Setting, and Alkali  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was obtained when steeping corn in 0.5% NaOH for 1 hr at 45�C. Alkali corn wet-milling has been studied Steeping Conditions on Milling Yields from a Dent Corn Hybrid P. Yang,1 L. Du,1,2 D. L. Wang,1 B. H. Li,1 K was significantly affected by all three main unit oper- ations in alkali wet-milling (debranning, roller milling

51

Enforcement Letter - Rocky Flats  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1, 2000 1, 2000 Mr. Robert G. Card [ ] Kaiser-Hill Company, L.L.C Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site 10808 Highway 93, Unit B Golden, CO 80403-8200 Subject: Enforcement Letter Dear Mr. Card: This letter refers to an evaluation by the Department of Energy (DOE) of noncompliance report number NTS-RFO--KHLL-SITEWIDE-2000-0005, which describes noncompliances with the design and procurement requirements of 10 CFR 830.120 (Quality Assurance Rule). 10 CFR 830.120(c)(2)(iii) requires that procured items and services shall meet established requirements and perform as required; 10 CFR 830.120(c)(2)(ii) requires that design work including changes, shall incorporate applicable requirements and design bases; 10 CFR 830.120(c)(2)(iv) requires that inspection and testing of specified items, services, and processes shall be conducted

52

Alkali metal recovery from carbonaceous material conversion process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a coal gasification operation or similar conversion process carried out in the presence of an alkali metal-containing catalyst wherein solid particles containing alkali metal residues are produced in the gasifier or similar reaction zone, alkali metal constitutents are recovered from the particles by withdrawing and passing the particles from the reaction zone to an alkali metal recovery zone in the substantial absence of molecular oxygen and treating the particles in the recovery zone with water or an aqueous solution in the substantial absence of molecular oxygen. The solution formed by treating the particles in the recovery zone will contain water-soluble alkali metal constituents and is recycled to the conversion process where the alkali metal constituents serve as at least a portion of the alkali metal constituents which comprise the alkali metal-containing catalyst. Preventing contact of the particles with oxygen as they are withdrawn from the reaction zone and during treatment in the recovery zone avoids the formation of undesirable alkali metal constituents in the aqueous solution produced in the recovery zone and insures maximum recovery of water-soluble alkali metal constituents from the alkali metal residues.

Sharp, David W. (Seabrook, TX); Clavenna, LeRoy R. (Baytown, TX); Gorbaty, Martin L. (Fanwood, NJ); Tsou, Joe M. (Galveston, TX)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Technical report for the alkali lake ecological assessment, phase 1 reconnaissance (FY 91 and FY 92)  

SciTech Connect

The report summarizes the results of three field survey trips (June and September 1991, May 1992) taken to investigate the ecological effects associated with the release of over a million gallons of hazardous waste from herbicide production on the Alkali Lake playa. Sampling of soil, sediment, groundwater, soil-dwelling invertebrates and vegetation confirmed that hazardous materials from the waste disposal area are migrating westerly within the shallow aquifer to West Alkali Lake. Two areas of dead vegetation were identified and permanently marked to determine if these areas are changing in size and location. Preliminary calculations using a linear food-chain model suggested that small mammalian herbivores would probably not display adverse effects due to dietary exposures to the contaminants. However, nestling shorebirds may be exposed to concentrations potentially associated with adverse biological effects.

Linder, G.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Alteration of alkali reactive aggregates autoclaved in different alkali solutions and application to alkali-aggregate reaction in concrete (II) expansion and microstructure of concrete microbar  

SciTech Connect

The effect of the type of alkalis on the expansion behavior of concrete microbars containing typical aggregate with alkali-silica reactivity and alkali-carbonate reactivity was studied. The results verified that: (1) at the same molar concentration, sodium has the strongest contribution to expansion due to both ASR and ACR, followed by potassium and lithium; (2) sufficient LiOH can completely suppress expansion due to ASR whereas it can induce expansion due to ACR. It is possible to use the duplex effect of LiOH on ASR and ACR to clarify the ACR contribution when ASR and ACR may coexist. It has been shown that a small amount of dolomite in the fine-grained siliceous Spratt limestone, which has always been used as a reference aggregate for high alkali-silica reactivity, might dedolomitize in alkaline environment and contribute to the expansion. That is to say, Spratt limestone may exhibit both alkali-silica and alkali-carbonate reactivity, although alkali-silica reactivity is predominant. Microstructural study suggested that the mechanism in which lithium controls ASR expansion is mainly due to the favorable formation of lithium-containing less-expansive product around aggregate particles and the protection of the reactive aggregate from further attack by alkalis by the lithium-containing product layer.

Lu Duyou [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, 5 New Model Road, Nanjing, 210009 (China)]. E-mail: duyoulu@njut.edu.cn; Mei Laibao [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, 5 New Model Road, Nanjing, 210009 (China); Xu Zhongzi [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, 5 New Model Road, Nanjing, 210009 (China); Tang Mingshu [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, 5 New Model Road, Nanjing, 210009 (China); Mo Xiangyin [Analysis and Test Central, Nanjing Normal University, 122 Ninghai Road, Nanjing, 210097 (China); Fournier, Benoit [ICON/CANMET, Natural Resources Canada, 405 Rochester Street, Ottawa, ON, K1A 0G1 (Canada)

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

55

Flat-to-Flat Solder Seal Andrey Elagin1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

surfaces are coated with 200nm of NiCr (80:20%) and 200nm of Cu If long time in air before sealing ­ clean1 Flat-to-Flat Solder Seal Andrey Elagin1 , Henry Frisch1 , Mary Heintz1 , Richard Northrop1 A complete LAPPD glass tile except for an aluminum photo-cathode top seal by compression on a viton o

56

Windy Flats | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flats Flats Jump to: navigation, search Name Windy Flats Facility Windy Flats Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Cannon Power Group Developer Cannon Power Group Location North shore of Columbia River Coordinates 45.699622°, -120.774622° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.699622,"lon":-120.774622,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

57

Soil Decontamination at Rocky Flats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During the last few years, many articles have appeared in newspapers and journals concerning radioactive contamination around Rocky Flats.1,2 The amount of plutonium in the soil has been of particular interest. T...

R. L. Olsen; J. A. Hayden; C. E. Alford

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

High temperature alkali corrosion of ceramics in coal gas  

SciTech Connect

High temperature alkali corrosion has been known to cause premature failure of ceramic components used in advanced high temperature coal combustion systems such as coal gasification and clean-up, coal fired gas turbines, and high efficiency heat engines. The objective of this research is to systematically evaluate the alkali corrosion resistance of the most commonly used structural ceramics including silicon carbide, silicon nitride, cordierite, mullite, alumina, aluminum titanate, zirconia, and fireclay glass. The study consists of identification of the alkali reaction products (phase equilibria) and the kinetics of the alkali reactions as a function of temperature and time.

Pickrell, G.R.; Sun, T.; Brown, J.J.

1992-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

59

Effect of alkalis and sulfates on Portland cement systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The effect of the sulfates and alkalis on the durability of Portland cement systems was investigated through a series of cube and prism mixes. Durability (more)

Halaweh, Mahmoud

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Independent Oversight Review, Rocky Flats Environmental Technology...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Review, Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site - March 2000 Independent Oversight Review, Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site - March 2000 March 2000 Review of the Rocky...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alkali flat area" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Revegetation of the Rocky Flats Site | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Flats Site Revegetation of the Rocky Flats Site Revegetation of the Rocky Flats, Colorado Site Revegetation of the Rocky Flats Site More Documents & Publications Landfill...

62

ALKALI AGGREGATE REACTION AND DELAYED ETTRINGITE FORMATION: COMMON FEATURES AND DIFFERENCES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ALKALI AGGREGATE REACTION AND DELAYED ETTRINGITE FORMATION: COMMON FEATURES AND DIFFERENCES Renaud Department, Paris, France Abstract Alkali-Aggregate Reaction (AAR) and Delayed Ettringite Formation (DEF effects 1 INTRODUCTION Alkali Aggregate Reaction (AAR) and Delayed Ettringite Formation (DEF) are internal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

63

Superatoms and their assemblies based on alkali and super-alkali motifs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown that chosen stable clusters can mimic the chemical behavior of atoms in the periodic table and hence can be regarded as superatoms forming a third dimension of the periodic table. The review discusses the developments leading to the superatom ... Keywords: Superatoms, super-alkali clusters, superhalogens

P. Clayborne; N. O. Jones; A. C. Reber; J. U. Reveles; M. C. Qian; S. N. Khanna

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Increase in uranium concentration in streams draining Rocky Flats, Colorado  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Uranium has been determined by fission track measurements of two suites of water samples taken at different times from a variety of surface waters in an area in central Colorado. Although this area surrounds the Rocky Flats nuclear plant at which parts for weapons are fabricated, the variations in U are inferred to be influenced most strongly by the distance of water flow across soil derived from the U-rich Laramie Formation. This flow produces progressive increases in U concentrations as flow proceeds eastward and hence is much more closely related to the local geochemistry and geology than to the presence of the Rocky Flats plant.

A.C. Delany; R.L. Fleischer

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali metal picrates Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

layers of alkali metals. 1. Introduction Optical... and Cu 6 by Chen et al. The adsorption of alkali atoms on transition metals is of great importance... . Secondharmonic...

66

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali-aggregate reactions strengthening...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Durability Issues K.W. Neale1 Summary: conducted on the FRP rehabilitation of concrete beams suffering from alkali aggregate reaction damage... to alkali aggregate reactions. FRP...

67

Studies of non-proportionality in alkali halide and strontium iodide scintillators using SLYNCI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Alkali Halide and Strontium Iodide Scintillators Usingof europium doping level in strontium iodide. Directions offor several alkali halides, strontium iodide, and lanthanum

Ahle, Larry

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali halide crystals Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

STUDIES IN ALKALI HALIDES Summary: of the alkali halides (KC1) the introduction of vacancies by thermal quenching of unirra- diated crystals has... ANNIHILATION STUDIES IN...

69

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali metal hydrides Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hf for selected alkali metal hydrides, alkaline earth metal hydrides, transition metal hydrides... of binary hydrides based on alkali metals, alkaline earth ... Source:...

70

Tuning of the Metal-Insulator Transition via Alkali Adsorption  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tuning of the Metal-Insulator Transition via Alkali Adsorption Print Tuning of the Metal-Insulator Transition via Alkali Adsorption Print Turning a material from an insulator to a metal, or vice versa, by light irradiation, exposure to electric or magnetic fields, or applying small changes in temperature, pressure, or doping-such intriguing control of a material's electronic properties is possible by exploiting strongly interacting or "correlated" electrons. Now a team of researchers from the University of Kiel in Germany and the ALS has found a novel, surprising way to continuously transform a layered metallic transition-metal compound, TaS2, into an insulator. Using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES), they have demonstrated that adsorption of alkali atoms onto this material's surface gradually makes it more insulating, although in general, alkali adsorption should lead to more metallic behavior, as alkali atoms easily give away their loosely bound outermost electron.

71

Controlled in-situ dissolution of an alkali metal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for the controllable dissolution of one or more alkali metals from a vessel containing a one or more alkali metals and/or one or more partially passivated alkali metals. The vessel preferably comprising a sodium, NaK or other alkali metal-cooled nuclear reactor that has been used. The alkali metal, preferably sodium, potassium or a combination thereof, in the vessel is exposed to a treatment liquid, preferably an acidic liquid, more preferably citric acid. Preferably, the treatment liquid is maintained in continuous motion relative to any surface of unreacted alkali metal with which the treatment liquid is in contact. The treatment liquid is preferably pumped into the vessel containing the one or more alkali metals and the resulting fluid is extracted and optionally further processed. Preferably, the resulting off-gases are processed by an off-gas treatment system and the resulting liquids are processed by a liquid disposal system. In one preferred embodiment, an inert gas is pumped into the vessel along with the treatment liquid.

Jones, Jeffrey Donald; Dooley, Kirk John; Tolman, David Donald

2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

72

High temperature alkali corrosion of ceramics in coal gas  

SciTech Connect

The high temperature alkali corrosion kinetics of SiC have been systematically investigated from 950 to 1100[degrees]C at 0.63 vol % alkali vapor concentration. The corrosion rate in the presence of alkaliis approximately 10[sup 4] to 10[sup 5] times faster than the oxidation rate of SiC in air. The activation energy associated with the alkali corrosion is 406 kJ/mol, indicating a highly temperature-dependent reaction rate. The rate-controlling step of the overall reaction is likely to be the dissolution of silica in the sodium silicate liquid, based on the oxygen diffusivity data.

Pickrell, G.R.; Sun, T.; Brown, J.J.

1992-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

73

Preliminary surficial geologic map of the Rocky Flats Plant and vicinity, Jefferson and Boulder Counties, Colorado  

SciTech Connect

This report contains a 1:6000 scale map of the 3-mile by 4-mile rectangular area surrounding the Rocky Flats Plant. The map shows the surface deposits estimated to be at least one meter thick. The accompanying report contains a detailed description of the map units, a discussion of the Rocky Flats alluvium and landslides, and cited references. 37 references.

Shroba, R.R.; Carrara, P.E.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Laser illuminated flat panel display  

SciTech Connect

A 10 inch laser illuminated flat panel Planar Optic Display (POD) screen has been constructed and tested. This POD screen technology is an entirely new concept in display technology. Although the initial display is flat and made of glass, this technology lends itself to applications where a plastic display might be wrapped around the viewer. The display screen is comprised of hundreds of planar optical waveguides where each glass waveguide represents a vertical line of resolution. A black cladding layer, having a lower index of refraction, is placed between each waveguide layer. Since the cladding makes the screen surface black, the contrast is high. The prototype display is 9 inches wide by 5 inches high and approximately I inch thick. A 3 milliwatt HeNe laser is used as the illumination source and a vector scanning technique is employed.

Veligdan, J.T.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

75

Residue management at Rocky Flats  

SciTech Connect

Past plutonium production and manufacturing operations conducted at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) produced a variety of plutonium-contaminated by-product materials. Residues are a category of these materials and were categorized as {open_quotes}materials in-process{close_quotes} to be recovered due to their inherent plutonium concentrations. In 1989 all RFETS plutonium production and manufacturing operations were curtailed. This report describes the management of plutonium bearing liquid and solid wastes.

Olencz, J.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

76

DHS Flat Stanley Project | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

to implement the Flat Stanley Project to help kids learn about the importance of cybersecurity. By downloading and using the Flat Stanley App, kids will be able to create their...

77

The 4843 Alkali Metal Storage Facility Closure Plan  

SciTech Connect

The 4843 AMSF has been used primarily to provide a centralized building to receive and store dangerous and mixed alkali metal waste, including sodium and lithium, which has been generated at the Fast Flux Test Facility and at various other Hanford Site operations that used alkali metals. Most of the dangerous and mixed alkali metal waste received consists of retired equipment from liquid sodium processes. The unit continues to store material. In general, only solid alkali metal waste that is water reactive is stored at the 4843 AMSF. The 4843 AMSF will be closed in a manner consistent with Ecology guidelines and regulations (WAC 173-303-610). The general closure procedure is detailed as follows.

Not Available

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali vaporisation titandioxidadditiv...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PARTICULATES 4.2.2004 5-1 Chapter 5 Particulates Summary: hundred degrees lower than for coal in order to avoid loss of alkali by vaporisation. Typical values... , aluminum and...

79

CHARGE TRANSFER BETWEEN POSITIVE ALKALI IONS AND ATOMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

average velocity of atoms , ::. : . . :. . in the oven. Thisfor a potassium ", . atom beam operating under conditionsPOSITIVE ALKALI IONS AND ATOMS I W. R. Gentry, Yuan-tseh L e

Gentry, W.R.; Lee, Yuan-tseh; Mahan, Bruce H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

High temperature alkali corrosion of ceramics in coal gas  

SciTech Connect

Calcia-stabilized cubic zirconia was mixed with soda, then fired at 840-1100 C. SiC was also reacted with alkali-containing atmosphere at 1000 C.

Pickrell, G.R.; Sun, T.; Brown, J.J.

1992-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alkali flat area" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

File:Whiskey flats 100k.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

flats 100k.pdf flats 100k.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:Whiskey flats 100k.pdf Size of this preview: 388 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 2,550 pixels, file size: 375 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Geothermal Sale Parcels Whiskey Flat File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 20:39, 7 October 2013 Thumbnail for version as of 20:39, 7 October 2013 1,650 × 2,550 (375 KB) Kyoung (Talk | contribs) Geothermal Sale Parcels Whiskey Flat You cannot overwrite this file. Edit this file using an external application (See the setup instructions for more information) File usage The following page links to this file: Whiskey Flats Geothermal Area

82

Rocky Flats Closure Unit Cost Data  

SciTech Connect

The Rocky Flats Closure Project has completed the process of stabilizing residual nuclear materials, decommissioning nuclear facilities, remediating environmental media and closing the Rocky Flats Site (Site). The project cost approximately $4.1 B and included the decommissioning of over 700 structures including 5 major plutonium facilities and 5 major uranium facilities, shipping over 14,600 cubic meters of transuranic and 565,000 cubic meters of low level radioactive waste, and remediating a 385-acre industrial area and the surrounding land. Actual costs were collected for a large variety of closure activities. These costs can be correlated with metrics associated with the facilities and environmental media to capture cost factors from the project that could be applicable to a variety of other closure projects both within and outside of the Department of Energy's weapons complex. The paper covers four general topics: the process to correlate the actual costs and metrics, an example of the correlated data for one large sub-project, a discussion of the results, and the additional activities that are planned to correlate and make this data available to the public. The process to collect and arrange the project control data of the Closure Project relied on the actual Closure Project cost information. It was used to correlate these actual costs with the metrics for the physical work, such as building area or waste generated, to support the development of parametric cost factors. The example provides cost factors for the Industrial Sites Project. The discussion addresses the strengths and weaknesses of the data, followed by a section identifying future activities to improve and extend the analyses and integrate it within the Department's Environmental Cost Analysis System. (authors)

Sanford, P.C. [1129 Business Parkway South, Westminister, MD (United States); Skokan, B. [United States Department of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Rocky Flats External Resources  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Rocky Flats Stewardship Council Disclaimer Rocky Flats Cold War Museum Disclaimer U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Rocky Flats National Wildlife Refuge Disclaimer Last Updated: 51...

84

ROCKY FLATS CLOSURE PROJECT EM, AUG 2006 | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

ROCKY FLATS CLOSURE PROJECT EM, AUG 2006 ROCKY FLATS CLOSURE PROJECT EM, AUG 2006 Rocky Flats Closure Project-Lessons Learned-August 2006.pdf More Documents & Publications...

85

Smooth Brome Monitoring at Rocky Flats-2005 Results | Department...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Smooth Brome Monitoring at Rocky Flats-2005 Results Smooth Brome Monitoring at Rocky Flats-2005 Results Smooth Brome Monitoring at Rocky Flats-2005 Results Smooth Brome Monitoring...

86

Metal-insulator transition in expanded alkali-metal fluids and alkali-metalrare-gas films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed a theoretical model for expanded alkali metals and alkali-metalrare-gas films that is based on a physically realistic picture of the atomic-scale structure of these materials. It emphasizes the disorder in the systems, in particular the random atomic coordination number. Using this model we have calculated the density- and the energy-dependent conductivity as a function of the mean alkali-metal atomic coordination number. Although the theory contains only two parameters, both of which are fixed by the properties of pure materials at normal temperatures, we have been able to explain results measured over a temprature range from 4.2 to >2000 K in a variety of different alkali-metal systems. Conductivity and magnetic-susceptibility measurements, in particular, have been considered in some detail. In addition, the theory provides insight into the nature and location of the metal-insulator transition, the nature of the critical point for the alkali metals, and the thermal instability of the alkali-metalrare-gas films.

Judy R. Franz

1984-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

87

The reaction dynamics of alkali dimer molecules and electronically excited alkali atoms with simple molecules  

SciTech Connect

This dissertation presents the results from the crossed molecular beam studies on the dynamics of bimolecular collisions in the gas phase. The primary subjects include the interactions of alkali dimer molecules with simple molecules, and the inelastic scattering of electronically excited alkali atoms with O{sub 2}. The reaction of the sodium dimers with oxygen molecules is described in Chapter 2. Two reaction pathways were observed for this four-center molecule-molecule reaction, i.e. the formations of NaO{sub 2} + Na and NaO + NaO. NaO{sub 2} products exhibit a very anisotropic angular distribution, indicating a direct spectator stripping mechanism for this reaction channel. The NaO formation follows the bond breaking of O{sub 2}, which is likely a result of a charge transfer from Na{sub 2} to the excited state orbital of O{sub 2}{sup {minus}}. The scattering of sodium dimers from ammonium and methanol produced novel molecules, NaNH{sub 3} and Na(CH{sub 3}OH), respectively. These experimental observations, as well as the discussions on the reaction dynamics and the chemical bonding within these molecules, will be presented in Chapter 3. The lower limits for the bond dissociation energies of these molecules are also obtained. Finally, Chapter 4 describes the energy transfer between oxygen molecules and electronically excited sodium atoms.

Hou, H. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry]|[Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Chemical Sciences Div.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Closing Rocky Flats by 2006  

SciTech Connect

Safely accelerating the closure of Rocky Flats to 2006 is a goal shared by many: the State of Colorado, the communities surrounding the site, the U.S. Congress, the Department of Energy, Kaiser-Hill and its team of subcontractors, the site's employees, and taxpayers across the country. On June 30, 2000, Kaiser-Hill (KH) submitted to the Department of Energy (DOE), KH's plan to achieve closure of Rocky Flats by December 15, 2006, for a remaining cost of $3.96 billion (February 1, 2000, to December 15, 2006). The Closure Project Baseline (CPB) is the detailed project plan for accomplishing this ambitious closure goal. This paper will provide a status report on the progress being made toward the closure goal. This paper will: provide a summary of the closure contract completion criteria; give the current cost and schedule variance of the project and the status of key activities; detail important accomplishments of the past year; and discuss the challenges ahead.

Tuor, N. R.; Schubert, A. L.

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

89

Tuning of the Metal-Insulator Transition via Alkali Adsorption  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tuning of the Metal-Insulator Tuning of the Metal-Insulator Transition via Alkali Adsorption Tuning of the Metal-Insulator Transition via Alkali Adsorption Print Wednesday, 29 March 2006 00:00 Turning a material from an insulator to a metal, or vice versa, by light irradiation, exposure to electric or magnetic fields, or applying small changes in temperature, pressure, or doping-such intriguing control of a material's electronic properties is possible by exploiting strongly interacting or "correlated" electrons. Now a team of researchers from the University of Kiel in Germany and the ALS has found a novel, surprising way to continuously transform a layered metallic transition-metal compound, TaS2, into an insulator. Using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES), they have demonstrated that adsorption of alkali atoms onto this material's surface gradually makes it more insulating, although in general, alkali adsorption should lead to more metallic behavior, as alkali atoms easily give away their loosely bound outermost electron.

90

Carrier-wave Rabi flopping signatures in high-order harmonic generation for alkali atoms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the first theoretical investigation of carrier-wave Rabi flopping in real atoms by employing numerical simulations of high-order harmonic generation (HHG) in alkali species. Given the short HHG cutoff, related to the low saturation intensity, we concentrate on the features of the third harmonic of sodium (Na) and potassium (K) atoms. For pulse areas of 2$\\pi$ and Na atoms, a characteristic unique peak appears, which, after analyzing the ground state population, we correlate with the conventional Rabi flopping. On the other hand, for larger pulse areas, carrier-wave Rabi flopping occurs, and is associated with a more complex structure in the third harmonic. These new characteristics observed in K atoms indicate the breakdown of the area theorem, as was already demonstrated under similar circumstances in narrow band gap semiconductors.

Ciappina, M F; Landsman, A S; Zimmermann, T; Lewenstein, M; Roso, L; Krausz, F

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

C-CAMP, A closed cycle alkali metal power system  

SciTech Connect

A concept is presented for a Closed-Cycle Alkali Metal (C-CAMP) power systems which utilizes the heat of reaction of an alkali metal and halogen compound to vaporize an alkali metal turbine fluid for a Rankine cycle. Unique features of the concept are (1) direct contact (heat exchange) between the reaction products and turbine fluid, and (2) a flow-through chemical reactor/boiler. The principal feasibility issues of the concept relate to the degree of cross-mixing of product and turbine fluid streams within the reactor-boiler. If proven feasible, the concept may be adapted to a range of fuel and turbine fluids and ultimately lead to thermal efficiencies in excess of 35%.

Wichner, R.P.; Hoffman, H.W.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Alkali-metal-halogen charge-exchange collisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An approximate quasiclassical treatment is presented for calculating the cross sections for charge transfer from a neutral alkali-metal atom colliding with a halogen atom (chlorine or fluorine). The electron is treated by the time-dependent perturbation in the two-state approximation. The two states are the ground (or the first-excited) state of alkali-metal atom and the ground state of the halogen negative ion. Charge-transfer cross sections are calculated as a function of relative velocity (v) of collision between v=0.01and5 a.u. Qualitative features of these cross sections are compared with an earlier work on alkali-metal-oxygen collisions. An asymptotic formula at low velocities of collision v?0 is obtained, which compares with the earlier formula obtained by Bates. At higher velocities cross sections are found to vary as 1v2, as in the Born approximation.

D. Arora; J. E. Turner; P. G. Khubchandani

1976-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Microsoft Word - TurtleFlats_CX  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Project Manager - KEWM-4 Proposed Action: Turtle Flats Property Acquisition Funding Fish and Wildlife Project No.: 2011-003-00, BPA-007521 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from...

94

3718-F Alkali Metal Treatment and Storage Facility Closure Plan. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Site, located northwest of the city of Richland, Washington, houses reactors, chemical-separation systems, and related facilities used for the production of special nuclear materials, as well as for activities associated with nuclear energy development. The 300 Area of the Hanford Site contains reactor fuel manufacturing facilities and several research and development laboratories. The 3718-F Alkali Metal Treatment and Storage Facility (3718-F Facility), located in the 300 Area, was used to store and treat alkali metal wastes. Therefore, it is subject to the regulatory requirements for the storage and treatment of dangerous wastes. Closure will be conducted pursuant to the requirements of the Washington Administrative Code (WAC) 173-303-610 (Ecology 1989) and 40 CFR 270.1. Closure also will satisfy the thermal treatment facility closure requirements of 40 CFR 265.381. This closure plan presents a description of the 3718-F Facility, the history of wastes managed, and the approach that will be followed to close the facility. Only hazardous constituents derived from 3718-F Facility operations will be addressed.

none,

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali metal intercalates Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

<< < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Work functions of pristine and alkali-metal intercalated carbon nanotubes and bundles Jijun Zhao,1, Summary: Work functions of pristine and alkali-metal...

96

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkalies Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summary: the results of a laboratory investigation for the use of high-volume clean-coal ash on mitigating alkali... alkali-silica reaction of the blends was determined...

97

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali substitutes technical Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on Fly Ash... the results of a laboratory investigation for the use of high-volume clean-coal ash on mitigating alkali... alkali-silica reaction of the blends was determined...

98

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summary: the results of a laboratory investigation for the use of high-volume clean-coal ash on mitigating alkali... alkali-silica reaction of the blends was determined...

99

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkalis tuhkan muuntuminen Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summary: the results of a laboratory investigation for the use of high-volume clean-coal ash on mitigating alkali... alkali-silica reaction of the blends was determined...

100

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali pre-treatments producao Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summary: the results of a laboratory investigation for the use of high-volume clean-coal ash on mitigating alkali... alkali-silica reaction of the blends was determined...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alkali flat area" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali metal iodogallates Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to the usual case of an alkali metal reservoir... to the vacuum pumps or due to adsorption of the alkali atoms onto ... Source: Jin, Deborah - JILA, University of Colorado at...

102

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali metal astatides Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to the usual case of an alkali metal reservoir... to the vacuum pumps or due to adsorption of the alkali atoms onto ... Source: Jin, Deborah - JILA, University of Colorado at...

103

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali metals Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to the usual case of an alkali metal reservoir... to the vacuum pumps or due to adsorption of the alkali atoms onto ... Source: Jin, Deborah - JILA, University of Colorado at...

104

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali metal 2-aminonicotinates Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to the usual case of an alkali metal reservoir... to the vacuum pumps or due to adsorption of the alkali atoms onto ... Source: Jin, Deborah - JILA, University of Colorado at...

105

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali metal thermal-to-electric Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to the usual case of an alkali metal reservoir... to the vacuum pumps or due to adsorption of the alkali atoms onto ... Source: Jin, Deborah - JILA, University of Colorado at...

106

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali metal perrhenate Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to the usual case of an alkali metal reservoir... to the vacuum pumps or due to adsorption of the alkali atoms onto ... Source: Jin, Deborah - JILA, University of Colorado at...

107

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali metal diphenylamide Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to the usual case of an alkali metal reservoir... to the vacuum pumps or due to adsorption of the alkali atoms onto ... Source: Jin, Deborah - JILA, University of Colorado at...

108

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali metals analiz Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to the usual case of an alkali metal reservoir... to the vacuum pumps or due to adsorption of the alkali atoms onto ... Source: Jin, Deborah - JILA, University of Colorado at...

109

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali metal isotopes Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to the usual case of an alkali metal reservoir... to the vacuum pumps or due to adsorption of the alkali atoms onto ... Source: Jin, Deborah - JILA, University of Colorado at...

110

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali metals sintez Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to the usual case of an alkali metal reservoir... to the vacuum pumps or due to adsorption of the alkali atoms onto ... Source: Jin, Deborah - JILA, University of Colorado at...

111

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali metal alkaline Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

with alkali-metals 9, loi, alkaline earth metals l,18 and some of other rare-earth elements 19, 20 have... alkali metals were doped into C60 solids 9 and...

112

A Hydrostratigraphic Framework Model and Alternatives for the Groundwater Flow and Contaminant Transport Model of Corrective Action Unit 98: Frenchman Flat, Clark, Lincoln and Nye Counties, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

A new, revised three-dimensional (3-D) hydrostratigraphic framework model for Frenchman Flat was completed in 2004. The area of interest includes Frenchman Flat, a former nuclear testing area at the Nevada Test Site, and proximal areas. Internal and external reviews of an earlier (Phase I) Frenchman Flat model recommended additional data collection to address uncertainties. Subsequently, additional data were collected for this Phase II initiative, including five new drill holes and a 3-D seismic survey.

Bechtel Nevada

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Magnetic polarizations of electrons at dislocations in alkali halides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

interval. 25 NAGNETIC POLARIZATIONS OF ELECTRONS AT DISLOCATIONS IN ALKALI HALIDES 1. INTRODUCTION. The new magnetic effects observed in our laboratory on a number of single crystals of alkali halides are thought to be caused by electrons trapped... on d1slocations. The magnet1c properties are perhaps more interesting as a bas1c contribution to the sc1ence of magnetism than to a knowledge of d. islocations 1n these very pure, optically clear, s1ngle crystals of alkal1 halides. The gross magnet...

McClurg, Gene Roark

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

114

Spin polarizations of photoelectrons emitted by alkali atoms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o 55 LXS f OF %BURRS 1 Tso-photon ionization of an ~ atom. ~ . ~ ~ . . ~ ~, ~ 2 ihe photoelectron and the incident radiation. . . . . . ~ 3. ')he transitions fram the ground state substates of an alkali sterne...O and Qe2e ~ ~ ~ Ground state substate populations oi' the alkali atoms f' or &"/& -5o. I"p'- 0'4 ~ Ip? - 'fo ~ X" -0. 0~ 0. 2. . e. ee ~ e ~ e ~ ~ ~ . ~ e ~ e. eee ~ e ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ t Spin polaris. zations of the photoelectrons forX. /X. 50e (p? ~10 Vo t 7...

Stuart, Kenneth Charles

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

115

Upgrading of petroleum oil feedstocks using alkali metals and hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of upgrading an oil feedstock by removing heteroatoms and/or one or more heavy metals from the oil feedstock composition. This method reacts the oil feedstock with an alkali metal and an upgradant hydrocarbon. The alkali metal reacts with a portion of the heteroatoms and/or one or more heavy metals to form an inorganic phase separable from the organic oil feedstock material. The upgradant hydrocarbon bonds to the oil feedstock material and increases the number of carbon atoms in the product. This increase in the number of carbon atoms of the product increases the energy value of the resulting oil feedstock.

Gordon, John Howard

2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

116

X-ray-edge problem in metals. II. Alkali-metal atoms adsorbed on alkali and other metal surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Outer-core spectra are reported for Cs and Rb adsorbed on clean surfaces of the alkali metals and Mg. In most cases the spectrum at threshold resembles a broadened resonance line close to the energy of the atomic transition, with additional structure on the high-energy side. With increasing electron density of the substrate, the line broadens and disappears into a profile which increases approximately linearly from zero at a red-shifted threshold. In no case does the adsorbate spectrum resemble the sharp edge and overshoot observed for the bulk metal. Above about one monolayer in many cases, a discrete feature occurs on the red wing of the threshold line and grows systematically with coverage into the dominant spectrum of the pure bulk adsorbate at about 5 monolayers. The general behavior is qualitatively consistent with the behavior of alkali-alkali alloys, reported in the paper which immediately precedes this one.

Doon Gibbs; T.-H. Chiu; J. E. Cunningham; C. P. Flynn

1985-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

117

96 CEREAL CHEMISTRY Comparison Between Alkali and Conventional Corn Wet-Milling: 100-g Procedures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

96 CEREAL CHEMISTRY Comparison Between Alkali and Conventional Corn Wet-Milling: 100-g Procedures S ABSTRACT Cereal Chem. 76(1):96-99 A corn wet-milling process in which alkali was used was studied as an alternative to the conventional corn wet-milling procedure. In the alkali wet-milling process, corn was soaked

118

Flat Directions and Baryogenesis in Supersymmetric Theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flat directions are a generic feature of supersymmetric theories. They are of cosmological interest because they can lead to coherent production of scalars. In the early universe such flat directions could be dangerous due to the potentially large energy density and the late decay of the associated scalars when they have only $1/M_p$ couplings (Polonyi problem). On the other hand, flat directions among the standard model fields can carry baryon number and lead to a possible mechanism for baryogenesis (Affleck Dine baryogenesis). When considering the cosmological consequences of the flat directions, it is important to take into account the soft potential with curvature of order the Hubble constant due to supersymmetry breaking in the early universe. In this talk, we discuss flat directions, their potential cosmological implications focusing on Affleck-Dine baryogenesis, and how the standard picture of their evolution must be modified in the presence of the large supersymmetry breaking in the early universe.

Lisa Randall

1995-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

119

TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY OF WEAKLY DEFORMED ALKALI HALIDE CRYSTALS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

377 TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY OF WEAKLY DEFORMED ALKALI HALIDE CRYSTALS H. STRUNK Max'importance croissante du durcissement de la solution solide. Abstract. 2014 Transmission electron microscopy (TEM Abstracts 7j66 - 7 I' 1. Introduction. - It is only some years ago that transmission electron microscopy

Boyer, Edmond

120

Core repulsion e ects in alkali trimers R. Gu erout  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.e. molecules exhibiting a permanent electric dipole moment). Elementary chemical reactions at very low separation, involved when the potential energy surfaces of alkali trimers are calculated with a quantum-parity violation [10, 11, 12], and the time-independence of the electron- to-nuclear and nuclear-to-nuclear mass

Recanati, Catherine

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alkali flat area" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Planning and Implementation of an Alkali-Surfactant-Polymer (ASP) Field Project  

SciTech Connect

The Warden ASP project has progressed from the initial planning stage to construction of an injection plant. An ASP chemical system was designed based on laboratory evaluations that included interfacial tension, mobility requirements, rock-alkali interaction, fluid capabilities, and core tests. Field cores were obtained from the Permian No. 5 and No. 6 sands on the Warden lease in Sho-Vel-Tum oil field. A separate tank battery for the pilot pattern area was installed, and a field tracer test is currently being evaluated. Tracer test results to date indicate that there is no major fracturing in the No. 5 sand. There is indication, however, of some channeling through high permeability sand. The field injection plant was designed, and construction is in progress. Several variations of injection plant design have been evaluated. Some plant design details, such as alkali storage, were found to be dependent on the availability of use equipment and project budget. The surfactant storage facility design was shown to be dependent on surfactant rheology.

French, T.

1999-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

122

Analysis of offsite Emergency Planning Zones for Rocky Flats Plant  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this quality assurance program was to ensure the quality and technical adequacy of Phase 2 of the Analysis of Offsite Emergency Planning Zones (EPZ) for the Rocky Flats Plant project. Quality assurance was accomplished by managing and controlling the processes in the development of the product. The quality assurance task team conducted audits, reviews, and surveillances of project and related activities. This process contributed to identifying areas where the quality assurance plan was not fully implemented, areas needing improvement, and/or corrective actions resulting in a improved product. During the reviews and audits, several key areas were identified where quality assurance plan implementation needed to be improved. These areas included maintaining adequate documentation, reviewing technical results, making inputs traceable to technical results, and understanding that all personnel are responsible for quality.

Inger, J.R. (TENERA, L.P., Knoxville, TN (United States)); Brown-Strattan, M.A. (EG and G Rocky Flats, Inc., Golden, CO (United States). Rocky Flats Plant)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Rocky Flats ash test procedure (sludge stabilization)  

SciTech Connect

Rocky Flats Ash items have been identified as the next set of materials to be stabilized. This test is being run to determine charge sizes and soak times to completely stabilize the Rocky Flats Ash items. The information gathered will be used to generate the heating rampup cycle for stabilization. This test will also gain information on the effects of the glovebox atmosphere (moisture) on the stabilized material. This document provides instructions for testing Rocky Flats Ash in the HC-21C muffle furnace process.

Winstead, M.L.

1995-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

124

Process for carbonaceous material conversion and recovery of alkali metal catalyst constituents held by ion exchange sites in conversion residue  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a coal gasification operation or similar conversion process carried out in the presence of an alkali metal-containing catalyst wherein solid particles containing alkali metal residues are produced, alkali metal constituents are recovered for the particles by contacting or washing them with an aqueous solution containing calcium or magnesium ions in an alkali metal recovery zone at a low temperature, preferably below about 249.degree. F. During the washing or leaching process, the calcium or magnesium ions displace alkali metal ions held by ion exchange sites in the particles thereby liberating the ions and producing an aqueous effluent containing alkali metal constituents. The aqueous effluent from the alkali metal recovery zone is then recycled to the conversion process where the alkali metal constituents serve as at least a portion of the alkali metal constituents which comprise the alkali metal-containing catalyst.

Sharp, David W. (Seabrook, TX)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Characterization of Plutonium in Maxey Flats Radioactive Trench Leachates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...leachates at the Maxey Flats radioactive waste disposal site exists as dissolved...leachates at the Maxey Flats radioactive waste disposal site exists as dissolved...leachates at the Maxey Flats radioactive waste disposal site exists as dissolved...

JESS M. CLEVELAND; TERRY F. REES

1981-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

126

REVEGETATION OF THE ROCKY FLATS SITE, COLORADO  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REVEGETATION OF THE ROCKY FLATS SITE, COLORADO REVEGETATION OF THE ROCKY FLATS SITE, COLORADO Jody K. Nelson Professional Environmental Group/S.M. Stoller Corporation Rocky Flats Site 11025 Dover Street, Suite 1000 Westminster, CO 80021 ABSTRACT At the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Rocky Flats Site (Site), a former nuclear weapons component manufacturing plant near Golden, Colorado, approximately 650 acres were revegetated as part of the cleanup and closure activities. Numerous issues and challenges were addressed during the revegetation activities at the Site. These included deciding on revegetation and restoration goals; addressing poor substrate issues and soil compaction problems; use of soil amendments and topsoil; seed selection issues; timing and location of revegetation projects

127

Chestnut Flats Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Chestnut Flats Wind Farm Chestnut Flats Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Chestnut Flats Wind Farm Facility Chestnut Flats Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner EnXco Developer Gamesa Energy Energy Purchaser Delmarva Power Location Logan Township PA Coordinates 40.357314°, -78.594482° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.357314,"lon":-78.594482,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

128

NPP Boreal Forest: Canal Flats, Canada  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Canal Flats, Canada, 1984 Canal Flats, Canada, 1984 Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Comeau, P. G., and J. P. Kimmins. 1999. NPP Boreal Forest: Canal Flats, Canada, 1984. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Above and below-ground biomass and productivity of four lodgepole pine stands (Pinus contorta var. latifolia) were determined near Canal Flats, Canada, during the 1984 growing season. Two stands growing on xeric sites and two stands growing on mesic sites were studied to determine the influence of soil water content on resource allocation to above-ground versus below-ground plant components. The stands were 70-78 years old, unmanaged, and had regenerated naturally following wildfire.

129

Caithness Shepherds Flat | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

nearly 1.4 million operating hours. By supporting initiatives like the Shepherds Flat Project, the Department of Energy is fighting climate change, while encouraging the U.S....

130

Rocky Flats resumes shipments to WIPP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rocky Flats Resumes Shipments to WIPP CARLSBAD, N.M., March 11, 2000 - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has resumed transuranic radioactive waste shipments from DOE's Rocky...

131

Rocky Flats Ash test procedure (sludge stabilization)  

SciTech Connect

Rocky Flats Ash items have been identified as the next set of materials to be stabilized. This test is being run to determine charge sizes and soak times to completely stabilize the Rocky Flats Ash items. The information gathered will be used to generate the heating rampup cycle for stabilization. The test will provide information to determine charge sizes, soak times and mesh screen sizes (if available at time of test) for stabilization of Rocky Flats Ash items to be processed in the HC-21C Muffle Furnace Process. Once the charge size and soak times have been established, a program for the temperature controller of the HC-21C Muffle Furnace process will be generated for processing Rocky Flats Ash.

Funston, G.A.

1995-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

132

Shepherds Flat Central | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shepherds Flat Central Shepherds Flat Central Jump to: navigation, search Name Shepherds Flat Central Facility Shepherds Flat Central Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Caithness Developer Caithness Energy Purchaser Southern California Edison Co Location Gilliam and Morrow Counties OR Coordinates 45.655°, -120.056° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.655,"lon":-120.056,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

133

Flat Ridge 2 Expansion | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flat Ridge 2 Expansion Flat Ridge 2 Expansion Jump to: navigation, search Name Flat Ridge 2 Expansion Facility Flat Ridge 2 Expansion Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner BP Wind Energy Developer BP Wind Energy Energy Purchaser Arkansas Electric Cooperative Corp Location Sharon KS Coordinates 37.383239°, -98.334088° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.383239,"lon":-98.334088,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

134

Flat panel ferroelectric electron emission display system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device which can produce a bright, raster scanned or non-raster scanned image from a flat panel. Unlike many flat panel technologies, this device does not require ambient light or auxiliary illumination for viewing the image. Rather, this device relies on electrons emitted from a ferroelectric emitter impinging on a phosphor. This device takes advantage of a new electron emitter technology which emits electrons with significant kinetic energy and beam current density.

Sampayan, Stephen E. (Manteca, CA); Orvis, William J. (Livermore, CA); Caporaso, George J. (Livermore, CA); Wieskamp, Ted F. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Neptunium processing at the Rocky Flats Plant  

SciTech Connect

Small quantities of neptunium-237 have been processed at the Rocky Flats Plant since 1962. This processing has involved preparation of pure neptunium oxide, metal, and metal alloys, and the recovery of neptunium-237 from a variety of residues. This report describes the processes used at Rocky Flats to recover and purify neptunium in addition to processes used for conversion to metal for casting and for rolling.

Conner, W.V.; Baaso, D.L.

1981-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

136

LM Records Handling System (LMRHS01) - Rocky Flats Environmental...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

LM Records Handling System (LMRHS01) - Rocky Flats Environmental Records Database, Office of Legacy Management LM Records Handling System (LMRHS01) - Rocky Flats Environmental...

137

Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site Archived Soil & Groundwater...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site Archived Soil & Groundwater Master Reports Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site Archived Soil & Groundwater Master Reports Rocky...

138

Independent Oversight Special Review, Rocky Flats Closure Project...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Independent Oversight Special Review, Rocky Flats Closure Project Site - April 2001 Independent Oversight Special Review, Rocky Flats Closure Project Site - April 2001 April 2001...

139

Review of Beryllium Management Practices at Rocky Flats During...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Beryllium Management Practices at Rocky Flats During Closure Operations Review of Beryllium Management Practices at Rocky Flats During Closure Operations Administrative and...

140

Preliminary Notice of Violation , Rocky Flats Environmental Technology...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Violation , Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site - EA-96-05 Preliminary Notice of Violation , Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site - EA-96-05 October 7, 1996 Preliminary...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alkali flat area" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Landfill Cover Revegetation at the Rocky Flats Environmental...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Landfill Cover Revegetation at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site Landfill Cover Revegetation at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site Landfill Cover...

142

Map of mixed prairie grassland vegetation, Rocky Flats, Colorado  

SciTech Connect

A color vegetation map at the scale of 1:12,000 of the area surrounding the Rocky Flats, Rockwell International Plant near Boulder, Colorado, provides a permanent record of baseline data which can be used to monitor changes in both vegetation and environment and thus to contribute to future land management and land-use policies. Sixteen mapping units based on species composition were identified, and characterized by two 10-m/sup 2/ vegetation stands each. These were grouped into prairie, pasture, and valley side on the basis of their species composition. Both the mapping units and these major groups were later confirmed by agglomerative clustering analysis of the 32 vegetation stands on the basis of species composition. A modified Bray and Curtis ordination was used to determine the environmental factor complexes controlling the distribution of vegetation at Rocky flats. Recommendations are made for future policies of environmental management and predictions of the response to environmental change of the present vegetation at the Rocky Flats site.

Clark, S J.V.; Webber, P J; Komarkova, V; Weber, W A

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Metal-insulator transition in dilute alkali-metal systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The metal-insulator transition is studied for dilute systems of alkali metals. Using a spin-split self-consistent band-structure approach, we find the transition density, a strikingly enhanced magnetic susceptibility, and the electron effective mass. The critical density nc is found to be given by the simple relation rsc=r0+2.8. Here rsc=[3(4?nc)]13 and r0 is the model potential radius which is roughly the radius of the neutral atom. The Mott criterion of nc13aB?0.25 (where aB is the appropriate Bohr orbit) is found to be inadequate for describing these systems. The predicted effective mass and magnetic susceptibility enhancements are largest for Li and become systematically smaller for the heavier alkalis. We compare our results for the transition density with two sets of experiments, namely the gas-liquid critical density and the metal-insulator transition for codeposited thick films of alkali-metal and rare-gas atoms. Good agreement is found in both cases.

J. H. Rose

1981-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

144

Oxygen-Consuming Chlor-Alkali Cell Configured To Minimize Peroxide  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oxygen-Consuming Chlor-Alkali Cell Oxygen-Consuming Chlor-Alkali Cell Oxygen-Consuming Chlor-Alkali Cell Configured To Minimize Peroxide Formation Oxygen-consuming zero gap chlor-alkali cell was configured to minimize peroxide formation. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Oxygen-Consuming Chlor-Alkali Cell Configured To Minimize Peroxide Formation Oxygen-consuming zero gap chlor-alkali cell was configured to minimize peroxide formation. The cell included an ion-exchange membrane that divided the cell into an anode chamber including an anode and a cathode chamber including an oxygen gas diffusion cathode. The cathode included a single-piece of electrically conducting graphitized carbon cloth. Catalyst and polytetrafluoroethylene were attached to only one side of the cloth.

145

Flat Water Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flat Water Wind Farm Flat Water Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Flat Water Wind Farm Facility Flat Water Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Gestamp Wind North America Developer Flat Water Wind Farm Energy Purchaser Omaha Public Power District Location Richardson County NE Coordinates 40.001077°, -95.955119° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.001077,"lon":-95.955119,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

146

Rocky Flats Compliance Program; Technology summary  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) established the Office of Technology Development (EM-50) (OTD) as an element of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) in November 1989. The primary objective of the Office of Technology Development, Rocky Flats Compliance Program (RFCP), is to develop altemative treatment technologies for mixed low-level waste (wastes containing both hazardous and radioactive components) to use in bringing the Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) into compliance with Federal and state regulations and agreements. Approximately 48,000 cubic feet of untreated low-level mixed waste, for which treatment has not been specified, are stored at the RFP. The cleanup of the Rocky Flats site is driven by agreements between DOE, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the Colorado Department of Health (CDH). Under these agreements, a Comprehensive Treatment and Management Plan (CTMP) was drafted to outline the mechanisms by which RFP will achieve compliance with the regulations and agreements. This document describes DOE`s strategy to treat low-level mixed waste to meet Land Disposal Restrictions and sets specific milestones related to the regulatory aspects of technology development. These milestones detail schedules for the development of technologies to treat all of the mixed wastes at the RFP. Under the Federal Facilities Compliance Act (FFCA), the CTMP has been incorporated into Rocky Flats Plant Conceptual Site Treatment Plan (CSTP). The CSTP will become the Rocky Flats Plant site Treatment Plan in 1995 and will supersede the CTMP.

NONE

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali feldspars ii Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

leaching is spatially heterogeneous on some altered alkali Z .feldspar surfaces Gout et al., 1997 . Similar... weathering: II. Observation of feldspars from soils. Geochim....

148

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali-metal vapor cells Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

dispenser source Timothy M. Roach and Dwayne Henclewood Summary: pressurized storage tank, or by laser ablation, or, most typically for rubidium and other alkali metals......

149

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali metal rhenium Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

square as a solution-phase sensing assembly (uorescent assembly) for alkali metal ions. 2... fragments as corners. Despite the fact that rhenium is a ... Source: Hupp, Joseph...

150

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali modified sbn Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

adsorbate is ionised on the surface and that the alkali core is not modified by the adsorption. We... Review Excited states in the alkalinoble ... Source: Bauer, Michael -...

151

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali ion scattering Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Floppy modes and the Boson peak in crystalline and amorphous silicates: an inelastic neutron scattering study Summary: ion from Li+ to K+ in the alkali disilicate glasses,...

152

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali alkaline earth Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Waterloo Collection: Chemistry 2 GEOL 305 Lecture 5 Felsic MaficIntermediate Summary: rare rhyolite Calc-alkaline and tholeiite basalts common, with less alkali basalt Mafic...

153

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali carbonate reactions Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 14 REFRACTORIES FOR HAZARDOUS WASTE INCINERATION AN OVERVIEW Summary: to be upgraded. How ever, alkali reactions may still occur....

154

Evaluation of concrete structures affected by alkali-silica reaction and delayed ettringite formation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Alkali-silica reaction (ASR) and delayed ettringite formation (DEF) are expansive reactions that can lead to the premature deterioration of concrete structures. Both have been implicated (more)

Giannini, Eric Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Nondestructive evaluation of reinforced concrete structures affected by alkali-silica reaction and delayed ettringite formation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Alkali-silica reaction (ASR) and delayed ettringite formation (DEF) deterioration have been a problem for the concrete infrastructure in the state of Texas and around the (more)

Kreitman, Kerry Lynn

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Accelerated test methods for evaluating alkali-silica reactivity of recycled concrete aggregates.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis reports the findings of a study carried out to determine the effectiveness of Accelerated Tests in evaluating the Alkali-Silica Reactivity of Recycled Concrete (more)

Johnson, Robert C (Author)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali sulfate aerosol Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aerosol Formation during... " and "Mechanism of Alkali Sulfate Aerosols Formation during Biomass Combustion" describe the development... the ... Source: Ris National Laboratory...

158

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali halides irradiated Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U ET ASSOCIATIONS DE CENTRES COLORES ATOMIC HYDROGEN CENTRES IN IONIC CRYSTALS Summary: . Abstract. - Experimental and theoretical work on atomic hydrogen centres in alkali halides...

159

Flat Ridge 2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flat Ridge 2 Flat Ridge 2 Facility Flat Ridge 2 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner BP Wind Energy / Sempra Energy Developer BP Wind Energy Energy Purchaser Associated Electric Cooperative Inc / Southwestern Electric Power Location Nashville KS Coordinates 37.367868°, -98.240757° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.367868,"lon":-98.240757,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

160

Solid waste recycling programs at Rocky Flats  

SciTech Connect

The Rocky Flats (RFP) recycling programs for solid waste materials have been in place for over ten years. Within the last three years, the programs were centralized under the direction of the Rocky Flats Waste Minimization department, with the assistance of various plant organizations (e.g., Trucking, Building Services, Regulated Waste Operations, property Utilization and Disposal and Security). Waste Minimization designs collection and transportation systems for recyclable materials and evaluates recycling markets for opportunities to add new commodities to the existing programs. The Waste Minimization department also promotes employee participation in the Rocky Flats Recycling Programs, and collects all recycling data for publication. A description of the program status as of January 1994 is given.

Millette, R.L.; Blackman, T.E.; Shepard, M.D. [EG and G Rocky Flats, Inc., Golden, CO (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alkali flat area" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

BOOMERanG Analysis Finds Flat Universe  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BOOMERanG Analysis BOOMERanG Analysis Finds Flat Universe BOOMERanG Analysis Finds Flat Universe NERSC's Mcurie System Helps Uncover Evidence of 'Cosmological Constant' Proposed, Rejected by Einstien December 12, 1999 Newly released data from the 1997 North American test flight of BOOMERanG, which mapped anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB) in a narrow strip of sky, show a pronounced peak in the CMB "power spectrum" at an angular scale of about one degree, strong evidence that the universe is flat. Analyzed at the Department of Energy's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, the new data also suggest the existence of a cosmological constant, a form of countergravitational "dark energy" thought to fill the universe.

162

Stability of Flat Space to Singular Instantons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hawking and the author have proposed a class of singular, finite action instantons for defining the initial conditions for inflation. Vilenkin has argued they are unacceptable. He exhibited an analogous class of asymptotically flat instantons which on the face of it lead to an instability of Minkowski space. However, all these instantons must be defined by introducing a constraint into the path integral, which is then integrated over. I show that with a careful definition these instantons do not possess a negative mode. Infinite flat space is therefore stable against decay via singular instantons.

Neil Turok

1999-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

163

Taming Past LTL and Flat Counter Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reachability and LTL model-checking problems for flat counter systems are known to be decidable but whereas the reachability problem can be shown in NP, the best known complexity upper bound for the latter problem is made of a tower of several exponentials. Herein, we show that the problem is only NP-complete even if LTL admits past-time operators and arithmetical constraints on counters. Actually, the NP upper bound is shown by adequately combining a new stuttering theorem for Past LTL and the property of small integer solutions for quantifier-free Presburger formulae. Other complexity results are proved, for instance for restricted classes of flat counter systems.

Demri, Stphane; sangnier, Arnaud

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Issues evaluation process at Rocky Flats Plant  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the issues evaluation process for Rocky Flats Plant as established in July 1990. The issues evaluation process was initiated February 27, 1990 with a Charter and Process Overview for short-term implementation. The purpose of the process was to determine the projects required for completion before the Phased Resumption of Plutonium Operations. To determine which projects were required, the issues evaluation process and emphasized risk mitigation, based on a ranking system. The purpose of this report is to document the early design of the issues evaluation process to record the methodologies used that continue as the basis for the ongoing Issues Management Program at Rocky Flats Plant.

Smith, L.C.

1992-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

165

Chemical tracking at the Rocky Flats Plant  

SciTech Connect

EG&G Rocky Flats, Inc., has developed a chemical tracking system to support compliance with the Emergency Planning and community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) at the Rocky Flats Plant. This system, referred to as the EPCRA Chemical Control system (ECCS), uses bar code technology to uniquely identify and track the receipt, distribution, and use of chemicals. Chemical inventories are conducted using hand-held electronic scanners to update a site wide chemical database on a VAX 6000 computer. Information from the ECCS supports preparation of the EPCRA Tier II and Form R reports on chemical storage and use.

Costain, D.B.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Flat Ridge Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flat Ridge Wind Farm Flat Ridge Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Flat Ridge Wind Farm Facility Flat Ridge Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner BP Wind Energy North America/Weststar Energy Developer BP Wind Energy North America Energy Purchaser Weststar Energy Location Barber County KS Coordinates 37.3694801°, -98.4603352° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.3694801,"lon":-98.4603352,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

167

Neal Lane: Science in a Flat World  

SciTech Connect

Lane discusses the changes that have taken place in the world since World War II that have made it "flatter," referring to Thomas L. Friedman's book, The World is Flat. Friedman's main premise is that inexpensive telecommunications is bringing about unhampered international competition, the demise of economic stability, and a trend toward outsourcing services, such as computer programming, engineering and science research.

Neal Lane

2006-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

168

Remediation of the Maxey Flats Site  

SciTech Connect

This report describes issues associated with remedial action of Maxey Flats, a low-level radioactive waste disposal site from 1963-1977, located in Fleming County, Kentucky. Present remedial action alternatives being considered are discussed along with emergency plans, ground water monitoring plans, and budgets.

Not Available

1990-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

169

GROUPS SENSITIVITY SCORE Flat worms 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GROUPS SENSITIVITY SCORE Flat worms 3 Worms 3 Leeches 2 Crabs or shrimps 7 Stoneflies 14 Minnow The best sites are those with rocks in moving water. Not all sites have rocks (rocky type rivers), but may rocky, sandy, and vegetation habitats, not all habitats are always present at a site. If your river does

de Villiers, Marienne

170

Neal Lane: Science in a Flat World  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Lane discusses the changes that have taken place in the world since World War II that have made it "flatter," referring to Thomas L. Friedman's book, The World is Flat. Friedman's main premise is that inexpensive telecommunications is bringing about unhampered international competition, the demise of economic stability, and a trend toward outsourcing services, such as computer programming, engineering and science research.

Neal Lane

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

1 INTRODUCTION Delayed Ettringite Formation (DEF) and Alkali-Aggregate Reaction (AAR) are both internal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 INTRODUCTION Delayed Ettringite Formation (DEF) and Alkali-Aggregate Reaction (AAR) are both to produce potentially expansive ettringite in the set concrete. AAR may affect concretes cast with aggregate combined delayed ettringite formation and alkali aggregate reaction R.-P. Martin, J.-C. Renaud & F

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

172

Thermodynamic Properties Of Alkali Species In Coal Based Combined Cycle Power Systems  

SciTech Connect

The aim of this project is to support the development of a concept for a successful alkali removal. Two strategies are possible: optimizing the alkali retention potential of the coal ash slag in the combustion chamber and the liquid slag separators and separate alkali removal with solid sorbents (getters) at temperatures below 1450 C. Therefore in a first step the alkali partial pressure over coal ash slag should be determined in order to get information about the retention potential of the slag. The influence of additives on the retention potential of the slag should be investigated. The measurements should show if the alkali partial pressure over the slag is generally low enough in case of thermodynamic equilibrium. In case of too high alkali partial pressures a separate alkali removal is needed. Therefore in a second step commercial sorbent materials should be investigated concerning their sorption potential for alkalis. To get information about the influence of getter components on the sorption potential some mixtures of pure components, predicted by thermodynamic modeling to be most effective, should be investigated.

Willenborg, W.; Wolf, K.J.; Fricke, C.; Moeller, M.; Prikhodovsky, A.; Hilpert, K.; Singheiser, L.

2002-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

173

Organisms as cooperative ecosystem engineers in intertidal flats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The importance of facilitative interactions and organismal ecosystem engineering for establishing the structure of communities is increasingly being recognised for many different ecosystems. For example, soft-bottom tidal flats host a wide range of ecosystem engineers, probably because the harsh physico-chemical environmental conditions render these species of particular importance for community structure and function. These environments are therefore interesting when focusing on how ecosystem engineers interact and the consequences of these interactions on community dynamics. In this review, we initially detail the influence on benthic systems of two kinds of ecosystem engineers that are particularly common in tidal flats. Firstly, we examine species providing biogenic structures, which are often the only source of habitat complexity in these environments. Secondly, we focus on species whose activities alter sediment stability, which is a crucial feature structuring the dynamics of communities in tidal flats. The impacts of these engineers on both environment and communities were assessed but in addition the interaction between ecosystem engineers was examined. Habitat cascades occur when one engineer favours the development of another, which in turn creates or modifies and improves habitat for other species. Non-hierarchical interactions have often been shown to display non-additive effects, so that the effects of the association cannot be predicted from the effects of individual organisms. Here we propose the term of cooperative ecosystem engineering when two species interact in a way which enhances habitat suitability as a result of a combined engineering effect. Finally, we conclude by describing the potential threats for ecosystem engineers in intertidal areas, potential effects on their interactions and their influence on communities and ecosystem function.

Claire Passarelli; Frdric Olivier; David M. Paterson; Tarik Meziane; Cdric Hubas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Alkali-metal-atom chemisorption onto a metal surface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent theoretical and experimental work implies that an alkali-metal atom chemisorbed onto a metal surface can be viewed within a dressed-atom picture, i.e., as an atom whose wave functions are perturbed due to its interaction with the surrounding host lattice. This picture is similar to that used for a noble-gas atom physisorbed onto a metal surface. Such an approach utilizes the calculational method of the coupledHartree-Fock theory, and it is applied in the present work to the chemisorption of a potassium atom onto a semi-infinite Na(001) substrate. Results for the Hartree-Fock ground state of the chemisorbed K atom, its induced dipole moment, and induced splitting of its p-orbital states are calculated at various substrate-adatom separations. It has been found that the induced dipole moment exhibits a maximum in its absolute value as the metal-adatom separation changes; most of the contribution to the dipole moment is due to the 3s- and 4s-electron states, while the pz states have been found to be counterpolarized, i.e., they polarize toward the vacuum side. On the other hand, the calculated dipole moments of the adatom were found to be too small to account for the observed work-function changes during alkali-metal chemisorption on a mteal surface.

A. N. Andriotis

1990-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

175

Windy Flats Phase III | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Phase III Phase III Jump to: navigation, search Name Windy Flats Phase III Facility Windy Flats Phase III Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status Proposed Owner Cannon Power Group Developer Cannon Power Group Location Goldendale WA Coordinates 45.76201437°, -120.5455971° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.76201437,"lon":-120.5455971,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

176

Windy Flats IIa extension | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IIa extension IIa extension Jump to: navigation, search Name Windy Flats IIa extension Facility Windy Flats IIa extension Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Cannon Power Group Developer Cannon Power Group Location North shore of Columbia River Coordinates 45.699622°, -120.774622° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.699622,"lon":-120.774622,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

177

Shepherds Flat North | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

North North Jump to: navigation, search Name Shepherds Flat North Facility Shepherds Flat North Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Caithness Developer Caithness Energy Purchaser Southern California Edison Co Location Gilliam County OR Coordinates 45.73°, -120.056° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.73,"lon":-120.056,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

178

Release fractions for Rocky Flats specific accidents  

SciTech Connect

As Rocky Flats and other DOE facilities begin the transition process towards decommissioning, the nature of the scenarios to be studied in safety analysis will change. Whereas the previous emphasis in safety accidents related to production, now the emphasis is shifting to accidents related tc decommissioning and waste management. Accident scenarios of concern at Rocky Flats now include situations of a different nature and different scale than are represented by most of the existing experimental accident data. This presentation will discuss approaches@to use for applying the existing body of release fraction data to this new emphasis. Mention will also be made of ongoing efforts to produce new data and improve the understanding of physical mechanisms involved.

Weiss, R.C.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Release fractions for Rocky Flats specific accidents  

SciTech Connect

As Rocky Flats and other DOE facilities begin the transition process towards decommissioning, the nature of the scenarios to be studied in safety analysis will change. Whereas the previous emphasis in safety accidents related to production, now the emphasis is shifting to accidents related tc decommissioning and waste management. Accident scenarios of concern at Rocky Flats now include situations of a different nature and different scale than are represented by most of the existing experimental accident data. This presentation will discuss approaches to use for applying the existing body of release fraction data to this new emphasis. Mention will also be made of ongoing efforts to produce new data and improve the understanding of physical mechanisms involved.

Weiss, R.C.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Shepherds Flat South | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South South Jump to: navigation, search Name Shepherds Flat South Facility Shepherds Flat South Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Caithness Developer Caithness Energy Purchaser Southern California Edison Co Location Ione OR Coordinates 45.655°, -120.056° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.655,"lon":-120.056,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alkali flat area" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Basic TRUEX process for Rocky Flats Plant  

SciTech Connect

The Generic TRUEX Model was used to develop a TRUEX process flowsheet for recovering the transuranics (Pu, Am) from a nitrate waste stream at Rocky Flats Plant. The process was designed so that it is relatively insensitive to changes in process feed concentrations and flow rates. Related issues are considered, including solvent losses, feed analysis requirements, safety, and interaction with an evaporator system for nitric acid recycle.

Leonard, R.A.; Chamberlain, D.B.; Dow, J.A.; Farley, S.E.; Nunez, L.; Regalbuto, M.C.; Vandegrift, G.F.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Status Update: Closing Rocky Flats by 2006  

SciTech Connect

Safely closing Rocky Flats by December 2006 is a goal shared by many: the State of Colorado, the communities surrounding the site, the U.S. Congress, the Department of Energy (DOE), Kaiser-Hill and its team of subcontractors, the site's employees and taxpayers across the country. This paper will: provide a status of the Closure Project to date; describe important accomplishments of the past year; describe some of the closure-enhancing technologies enabling acceleration; and discuss the remaining challenges ahead.

Tuor, N.; Schubert, A.

2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

183

Microwave solidification development for Rocky Flats waste  

SciTech Connect

The Microwave Engineering Team at the Rocky Flats Plant has developed a production-scale system for the treatment of hazardous, radioactive, and mixed wastes using microwave energy. The system produces a vitreous final form which meets the acceptance criteria for shipment and disposal. The technology also has potential for application on various other waste streams from the public and private sectors. Technology transfer opportunities are being identified and pursued for commercialization of the microwave solidification technology.

Dixon, D.; Erle, R.; Eschen, V. [and others

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Photovoltaics

185

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Rocky Flats Regulatory Documents  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regulatory Documents Regulatory Documents Rocky Flats Site, Colorado Regulatory Documents All documents are Adobe Acrobat files. pdf_icon Notification that GS01 is no longer an RFLMA Point of Compliance (POC) Third Five-Year Review Report for the Rocky Flats Site Rocky Flats Legacy Management Agreement Environmental Covenant, November 14, 2011 Corrective Action Decision/Record of Decision Amendment for Rocky Flats Plant (USDOE) Central Operable Unit Proposed Plan for the Rocky Flats CAD/ROD Amendment (June 2011) Second Five-Year Review Report for the Rocky Flats Site Corrective Action Decision/Record of Decision for Rocky Flats Plant (USDOE) Peripheral Operable Unit and Central Operable Unit Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site Proposed Plan Present Landfill Monitoring and Maintenance Plan

186

SLIDESHOW: Shepherds Flat Wind Farm | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

SLIDESHOW: Shepherds Flat Wind Farm SLIDESHOW: Shepherds Flat Wind Farm Addthis 1 of 5 Image: Caithness Energy 2 of 5 Image: Caithness Energy 3 of 5 Image: Caithness Energy 4 of 5...

187

Development of the NIST Rocky Flats Soil Standard  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Rocky Flats Soil-II Standard reference material (SRM) ... values and uncertainties for the radionuclides in the Rocky Flats Soil II SRM.

S. Nour; K. Inn; J. Filliben

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Risk-Quantified Decision-Making at Rocky Flats  

SciTech Connect

Surface soils in the 903 Pad Lip Area of the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) were contaminated with {sup 239/240}Pu by site operations. To meet remediation goals, accurate definition of areas where {sup 239/240}Pu activity exceeded the threshold level of 50 pCi/g and those below 50- pCi/g needed definition. In addition, the confidence for remedial decisions needed to be quantified and displayed visually. Remedial objectives needed to achieve a 90 percent certainty that unremediated soils had less than a 10 percent chance of {sup 239/240}Pu activity exceeding 50-pCi/g. Removing areas where the chance of exceedance is greater than 10 percent creates a 90 percent confidence in the remedial effort results. To achieve the stipulated goals, the geostatistical approach of probability kriging (Myers 1997) was implemented. Lessons learnt: Geostatistical techniques provided a risk-quantified approach to remedial decision-making and provided visualizations of the excavation area. Error analysis demonstrated compliance and confirmed that more than sufficient soils were removed. Error analysis also illustrated that any soils above the threshold that were not removed would be of nominal activity. These quantitative approaches were useful from a regulatory, engineering, and stakeholder satisfaction perspective.

Myers, Jeffrey C. [Washington Safety Management Solutions, Aiken, South Carolina (United States)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

189

Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Telephone Flat Geothermal Development...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Telephone Flat Geothermal Development Project Environmental Impact Statement Environmental Impact Report. Final: Comments and Responses to Comments Geothermal Technologies Legacy...

190

NATURAL HERITAGE RESOURCES OF THE ROCKY FLATS ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY SITE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NATURAL HERITAGE RESOURCES OF THE ROCKY FLATS ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY SITE AND THEIR CONSERVATION Methods 3 Rocky Flats Conservation Site Description 10 Walnut Creek Conservation Site Description 22 Rocky.S. Department of Energy's Rocky Flats Field Office for making this report possible. In particular, Dr. John

191

Converting Nested Algebra Expressions into Flat Algebra Expressions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Converting Nested Algebra Expressions into Flat Algebra Expressions JAN PAREDAENS University of Antwerp and DIRK VAN GUCHT Indiana University Nested relations generalize ordinary flat relations by allowing tuple values to be either atomic or set valued. The nested algebra is a generalization of the flat

Van Gucht, Dirk

192

Hanford/Rocky Flats collaboration on development of supercritical carbon dioxide extraction to treat mixed waste  

SciTech Connect

Proposals for demonstration work under the Department of Energy`s Mixed Waste Focus Area, during the 1996 through 1997 fiscal years included two applications of supercritical carbon dioxide to mixed waste pretreatment. These proposals included task RF15MW58 of Rocky Flats and task RL46MW59 of Hanford. Analysis of compatibilities in wastes and work scopes yielded an expectation of substantial collaboration between sites whereby Hanford waste streams may undergo demonstration testing at Rocky Flats, thereby eliminating the need for test facilities at Hanford. This form of collaboration is premised the continued deployment at Rocky Flats and the capability for Hanford samples to be treated at Rocky Flats. The recent creation of a thermal treatment contract for a facility near Hanford may alleviate the need to conduct organic extraction upon Rocky Flats wastes by providing a cost effective thermal treatment alternative, however, some waste streams at Hanford will continue to require organic extraction. Final site waste stream treatment locations are not within the scope of this document.

Hendrickson, D.W.; Biyani, R.K. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Brown, C.M.; Teter, W.L. [Kaiser-Hill Co., Golden, CO (United States)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Fabrication of alkali halide UV photocathodes by pulsed laser deposition  

SciTech Connect

A technique has been proposed for the fabrication of atmospheric corrosion resistant alkali halide UV photocathodes by pulsed laser deposition. We produced photocathodes with a highly homogeneous photoemissive layer well-adherent to the substrate. The photocathodes were mounted in a vacuum photodiode, and a tungsten grid was used as an anode. Using pulsed UV lasers, we carried out experiments aimed at evaluating the quantum efficiency of the photocathodes. With a dc voltage applied between the photocathode and anode grid, we measured a shunt signal proportional to the total charge emitted by the cathode exposed to UV laser light. The proposed deposition technique enables one to produce photocathodes with photoemissive layers highly uniform in quantum efficiency, which is its main advantage over thin film growth by resistive evaporation. (laser technologies)

Brendel', V M; Bukin, V V; Garnov, Sergei V; Bagdasarov, V Kh; Denisov, N N; Garanin, Sergey G; Terekhin, V A; Trutnev, Yurii A

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

194

Comparison of the morphology of alkalisilica gel formed in limestones in concrete affected by the so-called alkalicarbonate reaction (ACR) and alkalisilica reaction (ASR)  

SciTech Connect

The morphology of alkalisilica gel formed in dolomitic limestone affected by the so-called alkalicarbonate reaction (ACR) is compared to that formed in a siliceous limestone affected by alkalisilica reaction (ASR). The particle of dolomitic limestone was extracted from the experimental sidewalk in Kingston, Ontario, Canada that was badly cracked due to ACR. The siliceous limestone particle was extracted from a core taken from a highway structure in Quebec, affected by ASR. Both cores exhibited marked reaction rims around limestone particles. The aggregate particles were polished and given a light gold coating in preparation for examination in a scanning electron microscope. The gel in the ACR aggregate formed stringers between the calcite crystals in the matrix of the rock, whereas gel in ASR concrete formed a thick layer on top of the calcite crystals, that are of the same size as in the ACR aggregate.

Grattan-Bellew, P.E., E-mail: p.grattan-bellew@sympatico.ca [Materials and Petrographic Research G-B Inc., 472 Edison Avenue, Ottawa, ON, Canada K2A 1T9 (Canada); Chan, Gordon [NRC Construction, Bldg., M20, 1200 Montreal Road, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0R6 (Canada)] [NRC Construction, Bldg., M20, 1200 Montreal Road, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0R6 (Canada)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

195

Characterization of Selective Binding of Alkali Cations with Carboxylate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Characterization of Selective Characterization of Selective Binding of Alkali Cations with Carboxylate Characterization of Selective Binding of Alkali Cations with Carboxylate Print Wednesday, 24 September 2008 00:00 During its lifetime, a cell spends a considerable fraction of its energy pumping sodium and calcium out and potassium in. This balancing process is similar to that found in the coils of the DNA double helix, where specific ions nestle and help stabilize this macromolecule. These are only two examples of selective ion interactions in biology; there are many others also vital to life. The existence of these interactions has been known since the early 20th century, when Franz Hofmeister observed that some salts (ionic compounds) aided the solution of proteins in egg, some caused proteins to destabilize and precipitate, and others ranged in activity between the two extremes. Hofmeister then ranked "salt-out" (destabilizing) ions versus "salt-in" (stabilizing) ions according to the magnitude of their effects (the "Hofmeister effects"). However, despite enormous effort, why certain interactions are preferred over others is not completely understood. Recently, a team of researchers from UC Berkeley used the model systems of acetate and formate (two simple carboxylic acids) with a series of cations to test predictions made in the literature for preferential interactions. Near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy was used as this technique is highly sensitive to the chemical environments around a molecule. Experiments at ALS Beamline 8.0.1 confirmed strengthening of the interaction between the cations and the carboxylate group in the following order: potassium, sodium, and lithium.

196

Introduction Flattening the Earth Continuation procedure Flat Earth Numerical simulations Continuation from a flat to a round Earth model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Flattening the Earth Continuation procedure Flat Earth Numerical simulations Continuation from a flat to a round Earth model in the coplanar orbit transfer problem M. Cerf1, T. Haberkorn, SADCO 2011, March 2nd M. Cerf, T. Haberkorn, E. Tr´elat Continuation from a flat to a round Earth model

Boyer, Edmond

197

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Rocky Flats SOG  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SOG SOG Rocky Flats Site, Colorado Rocky Flats, Colorado, Site Operations Guide All documents are Adobe Acrobat files. pdf_icon Site Operations Guide Appendixes Appendix A: Annual Site Inspection Checklist Appendix B: Example Contact Record Appendix C: Rocky Flats Site Soil Disturbance Evaluation Procedure Appendix D: Site-Specific Checklist Appendix E: Rocky Flats, Colorado, Site Erosion Control Monitoring and Maintenance Inspection Procedure Appendix F: Erosion Control Plan for Rocky Flats Property Central Operable Unit Appendix G: Wildland Fire Management Plan for the Rocky Flats, Colorado, Site Appendix H: Emergency Response Plan for the Rocky Flats Site Dams Appendix I: Additional Field Implementation Detail for Selected Monitoring Objectives Historic documents may contain links to outside sources. LM cannot attest

198

Independent Oversight Special Review, Rocky Flats Closure Project Site -  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oversight Special Review, Rocky Flats Closure Project Oversight Special Review, Rocky Flats Closure Project Site - April 2001 Independent Oversight Special Review, Rocky Flats Closure Project Site - April 2001 April 2001 Special Review of the Rocky Flats Closure Project Site The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Independent Environment, Safety, and Health Oversight (EH-2), within the Office of Environment, Safety and Health, conducted an independent oversight Special Review at the Rocky Flats Closure Project (RFCP). The Special Review was conducted at the request of the Rocky Flats Field Office (RFFO), which is the DOE organizational element with responsibility for the RFCP (formerly known as the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site). Kaiser-Hill Company, LLC (KH) is the prime contractor for the RFCP.

199

Independent Oversight Special Review, Rocky Flats Closure Project Site -  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Special Review, Rocky Flats Closure Project Special Review, Rocky Flats Closure Project Site - April 2001 Independent Oversight Special Review, Rocky Flats Closure Project Site - April 2001 April 2001 Special Review of the Rocky Flats Closure Project Site The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Independent Environment, Safety, and Health Oversight (EH-2), within the Office of Environment, Safety and Health, conducted an independent oversight Special Review at the Rocky Flats Closure Project (RFCP). The Special Review was conducted at the request of the Rocky Flats Field Office (RFFO), which is the DOE organizational element with responsibility for the RFCP (formerly known as the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site). Kaiser-Hill Company, LLC (KH) is the prime contractor for the RFCP. RFCP's project-oriented approach and aggressive scheduling have resulted

200

Cosmic string scaling in flat space  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate the evolution of infinite strings as a part of a complete cosmic string network in flat space. We perform a simulation of the network which uses functional forms for the string position and thus is exact to the limits of computer arithmetic. Our results confirm that the wiggles on the strings obey a scaling law described by universal power spectrum. The average distance between long strings also scales accurately with the time. These results suggest that small-scale structure will also scale in an expanding universe, even in the absence of gravitational damping.

Vitaly Vanchurin; Ken Olum; Alexander Vilenkin

2005-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alkali flat area" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Repackaging Rocky Flats Legacy Transuranic Waste  

SciTech Connect

Repackaging legacy Transuranic (TRU), Transuranic Mixed (TRM), Low Level Waste (LLW), and Low Level Mixed (LLM) waste requires good characterization skills and the ability to adapt to less than ideal conditions. Repackaging legacy waste in a facility that is not undergoing Decontamination and Decommission (D and D) is optimum. However, repackaging any waste in a D and D facility, under cold and dark conditions, can be difficult. Cold and dark conditions are when the heating and air conditioning are no longer in service and the lighting consists of strands of lights hung throughout each of the rooms. Working under these conditions adds an additional level of stress and danger that must be addressed. The use of glovebags was very useful at Rocky Flats during the D and D of many buildings. Glovebags can be adapted for many different types of wastes and unusual conditions. Repackaging of legacy TRU waste, in a D and D facility, can be accomplished safely and cost effectively with the use of glovebags. In conclusion: the use of glovebags to repackage legacy TRU, TRM, LLW, or LLM waste was done safely and cost effectively at Rocky Flats. The cost of using glovebags was minimal. Glovebags are easily adaptable to whatever the waste configuration is. The use of glovebags, for repackaging of Legacy waste, allows D and D efforts to stay on schedule and on task. Without the use of glovebags, additional gloveboxes would have been required at Rocky Flats. Larger items, such as the HEPA filters, would have required the construction of a new large item repackaging glovebox. Repackaging in glovebags allows the freedom to either locate the glovebag by the waste or locate the glovebag in a place that least impacts D and D efforts. The use of glovebags allowed numerous configurations of waste to be repackaged without the use of gloveboxes. During the D and D of the Rocky Flats facility, which was in a cold and dark stage, D and D work was not impacted by the repackaging activity. Glovebags work well in facilities that are in the process of D and D or still in full operations because glovebags are very safe and cost effective.

McTaggart, Jerri Lynne [Los Alamos National Laboratory, 115 N. Main St., Carlsbad, New Mexico, 88220 (United States)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

202

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali clusters formed Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

In recent years there have been a number of studies of gas-phase alkali halide cluster ions... reports which found only ions of the ... Source: Lineberger, W. Carl - JILA &...

203

Review of alkali metal and refractory alloy compatibility for Rankine cycle applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The principal corrosion mechanisms in refractory metal-alkali systems are dissolution, mass transfer, and impurity reactions. In general, niobium, tantalum, molybdenum, and tungsten have low solubilities in th...

James R. DiStefano

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Catalytic Activity of Alkali Metals on the Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass Materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The first reaction in the thermal decomposition of cellulose is very sensitive to the existence of mineral impurities such as alkali metals and iron at concentrations as low as 0.5%. The catalytic reaction app...

Mahmood M. Barbooti

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Photoconductivity of CdS films, undoped and doped with alkali-metal impurity ions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The nonequilibrium electron processes that occur during photoconductivity increase and relaxation in pyrolytic CdS films, both nominally undoped and doped with alkali metals, are studied. The...S...-shaped or exh...

T. L. Mayorova; V. G. Klyuev; J. S. Bezdetko

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Study on Recycling Alkali from the Wastewater of Textile Mercerization Process by Nanofiltration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study has researched the treatment ability of nanofiltration technology in printing and dyeing mercerization process alkali wastewater and investigated the effect of different pressures and alkalinities on membrane flux. The effect of different operating conditions on COD removal rate and alkali penetration rate has been also investigated in this study. The experimental results show that nanofiltration technology can remove the COD in printing and dyeing mercerization process wastewater effectively and the removal rate is above 80%. We conclude that the membrane flux tends to increase as the operating pressure increases, and decrease as the concentration of alkali in feed liquor and COD increases. The infiltration liquor through membrane can be satisfactorily reused by the method of concentration, and the final recovery efficiency of alkali by nanofiltration membrane treatment is above 90%.

Yun Zhang; Shuai Shao; Weicheng Yu; Fenglin Yang; Xiaochen Xu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali-metal vapor density Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics 65 nature physics | VOL 3 | APRIL 2007 | www.nature.comnaturephysics 227 REVIEW ARTICLE Summary: in a high-density alkali-metal vapor in low magnetic fields. Phys....

208

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali mineral complex Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

complex Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Technical Report Documentation Page 1. Report No. Summary: the potential of HVFA concrete in mitigating the effects of alkali-silica...

209

Effects from Alkali-Silica Reacton and Delayed Ettringite Formation on Reinforced Concrete Column Lap Splices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reinforced concrete bridge columns can deteriorate prematurely due to the alkali-silica reaction (ASR) and/or delayed ettringite formation (DEF), causing internal expansion and cracking on the surface of the concrete. The performance...

Eck, Mary

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

210

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali ion beams Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

beams Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alkali ion beams Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 METHOD FOR EFFICIENCY AND TIME RESPONSE...

211

Effects from Alkali-Silica Reacton and Delayed Ettringite Formation on Reinforced Concrete Column Lap Splices.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Reinforced concrete bridge columns can deteriorate prematurely due to the alkali-silica reaction (ASR) and/or delayed ettringite formation (DEF), causing internal expansion and cracking on the (more)

Eck, Mary

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Marine residual fuel sorption and desorption kinetics by alkali treated rice husks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An oil absorbent material has been produced from waste biomass with an alkali treatment process. The simple yet effective process is carried out on the agricultural biowaste at 90C and ambient pressure. The pre...

Alireza Bazargan; Chi Wai Hui; Gordon Mckay

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Laboratory Measurements of Alkali Metal Containing Vapors Released during Biomass Combustion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Alkali metals, in particular potassium. have been implicated as key ingredients for enhancing fouling and slagging of heat transfer surfaces in power generating facilities that convert biomass to electricity. Whe...

David C. Dayton; Thomas A. Milne

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali-silicate glass exposed Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

silicate glass exposed Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alkali-silicate glass exposed Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 An 17O NMR...

215

Disposal of Rocky Flats residues as waste  

SciTech Connect

Work is underway at the Rocky Flats Plant to evaluate alternatives for the removal of a large inventory of plutonium-contaminated residues from the plant. One alternative under consideration is to package the residues as transuranic wastes for ultimate shipment to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. Current waste acceptance criteria and transportation regulations require that approximately 1000 cubic yards of residues be repackaged to produce over 20,000 cubic yards of WIPP certified waste. The major regulatory drivers leading to this increase in waste volume are the fissile gram equivalent, surface radiation dose rate, and thermal power limits. In the interest of waste minimization, analyses have been conducted to determine, for each residue type, the controlling criterion leading to the volume increase, the impact of relaxing that criterion on subsequent waste volume, and the means by which rules changes may be implemented. The results of this study have identified the most appropriate changes to be proposed in regulatory requirements in order to minimize the costs of disposing of Rocky Flats residues as transuranic wastes.

Dustin, D.F.; Sendelweck, V.S. [EG and G Rocky Flats, Inc., Golden, CO (United States). Rocky Flats Plant; Rivera, M.A. [Lamb Associates, Inc., Rockville, MD (United States)

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Disposal of Rocky Flats residues as waste  

SciTech Connect

Work is underway at the Rocky Flats Plant to evaluate alternatives for the removal of a large inventory of plutonium-contaminated residues from the plant. One alternative under consideration is to package the residues as transuranic wastes for ultimate shipment to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. Current waste acceptance criteria and transportation regulations require that approximately 1000 cubic yards of residues be repackaged to produce over 20,000 cubic yards of WIPP certified waste. The major regulatory drivers leading to this increase in waste volume are the fissile gram equivalent, surface radiation dose rate, and thermal power limits. In the interest of waste minimization, analyses have been conducted to determine, for each residue type, the controlling criterion leading to the volume increase, the impact of relaxing that criterion on subsequent waste volume, and the means by which rules changes may be implemented. The results of this study have identified the most appropriate changes to be proposed in regulatory requirements in order to minimize the costs of disposing of Rocky Flats residues as transuranic wastes.

Dustin, D.F.; Sendelweck, V.S. (EG and G Rocky Flats, Inc., Golden, CO (United States). Rocky Flats Plant); Rivera, M.A. (Lamb Associates, Inc., Rockville, MD (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Ghost condensate model of flat rotation curves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An effective action of ghost condensate with higher derivatives creates a source of gravity and mimics a dark matter in spiral galaxies. We present a spherically symmetric static solution of Einstein--Hilbert equations with the ghost condensate at large distances, where flat rotation curves are reproduced in leading order over small ratio of two energy scales characterizing constant temporal and spatial derivatives of ghost field: $\\mu_*^2$ and $\\mu_\\star^2$, respectively, with a hierarchy $\\mu_\\star\\ll \\mu_*$. We assume that a mechanism of hierarchy is provided by a global monopole in the center of galaxy. An estimate based on the solution and observed velocities of rotations in the asymptotic region of flatness, gives $\\mu_*\\sim 10^{19}$ GeV and the monopole scale in a GUT range $\\mu_\\star\\sim 10^{16}$ GeV, while a velocity of rotation $v_0$ is determined by the ratio: $ \\sqrt{2} v_0^2= \\mu_\\star^2/\\mu_*^2$. A critical acceleration is introduced and naturally evaluated of the order of Hubble rate, that represents the Milgrom's acceleration.

V. V. Kiselev

2005-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

218

Immobilization of Rocky Flats Graphite Fines Residues  

SciTech Connect

The Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC) is developing an immobilization process for graphite fines residues generated during nuclear materials production activities at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (Rocky Flats). The continued storage of this material has been identified as an item of concern. The residue was generated during the cleaning of graphite casting molds and potentially contains reactive plutonium metal. The average residue composition is 73 wt percent graphite, 15 wt percent calcium fluoride (CaF2), and 12 wt percent plutonium oxide (PuO2). Approximately 950 kilograms of this material are currently stored at Rocky Flats. The strategy of the immobilization process is to microencapsulate the residue by mixing with a sodium borosilicate (NBS) glass frit and heating at nominally 700 degrees C. The resulting waste form would be sent to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) for disposal. Since the PuO2 concentration in the residue averages 12 wt percent, the immobilization process was required to meet the intent of safeguards termination criteria by limiting plutonium recoverability based on a test developed by Rocky Flats. The test required a plutonium recovery of less than 4 g/kg of waste form when a sample was leached using a nitric acid/CaF2 dissolution flowsheet. Immobilization experiments were performed using simulated graphite fines with cerium oxide (CeO2) as a surrogate for PuO2 and with actual graphite fines residues. Small-scale surrogate experiments demonstrated that a 4:1 frit to residue ratio was adequate to prevent recovery of greater than 4 g/kg of cerium from simulated waste forms. Additional experiments investigated the impact of varying concentrations of CaF2 and the temperature/heating time cycle on the cerium recovery. Optimal processing conditions developed during these experiments were subsequently demonstrated at full-scale with surrogate materials and on a smaller scale using actual graphite fines.In general, the recovery of cerium from the full-scale waste forms was higher than for smaller scale experiments. The presence of CaF2 also caused a dramatic increase in cerium recovery not seen in the small-scale experiments. However, the results from experiments with actual graphite fines were encouraging. A 4:1 frit to residue ratio, a temperature of 700 degrees C, and a 2 hr heating time produced waste forms with plutonium recoveries of 4 plus/minus 1 g/kg. With an increase in the frit to residue ratio, waste forms fabricated at this scale should meet the Rocky Flats product specification. The scale-up of the waste form fabrication process to nominally 3 kg is expected to require a 5:1 to 6:1 frit to residue ratio and maintaining the waste form centerline temperature at 700 degrees C for 2 hr.

Rudisill, T. S.

1998-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

219

In situ formation of coal gasification catalysts from low cost alkali metal salts  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A carbonaceous material, such as crushed coal, is admixed or impregnated with an inexpensive alkali metal compound, such as sodium chloride, and then pretreated with a stream containing steam at a temperature of 350.degree. to 650.degree. C. to enhance the catalytic activity of the mixture in a subsequent gasification of the mixture. The treatment may result in the transformation of the alkali metal compound into another, more catalytically active, form.

Wood, Bernard J. (Santa Clara, CA); Brittain, Robert D. (Cupertino, CA); Sancier, Kenneth M. (Menlo Park, CA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Detection of alkali-silica reaction swelling in concrete by staining  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method using concentrated aqueous solutions of sodium cobalt nitrite and rhodamine B is described which can be used to identify concrete that contains gels formed by the alkali-silica reaction (ASR). These solutions present little health or environmental risk, are readily applied, and rapidly discriminate between two chemically distinct gels; K-rich, Na-K-Ca-Si gels are identified by yellow staining, and alkali-poor, Ca-Si gels are identified by pink staining.

Guthrie, G.D. Jr.; Carey, J.W.

1998-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alkali flat area" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Detection of alkali-silica reaction swelling in concrete by staining  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method using concentrated aqueous solutions of sodium cobaltinitrite and rhodamine B is described which can be used to identify concrete that contains gels formed by the alkali-silica reaction (ASR). These solutions present little health or environmental risk, are readily applied, and rapidly discriminate between two chemically distinct gels; K-rich, Na--K--Ca--Si gels are identified by yellow staining, and alkali-poor, Ca--Si gels are identified by pink staining.

Guthrie, Jr., George D. (Santa Fe, NM); Carey, J. William (Santa Fe, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Near-field modeling in Frenchman Flat, Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy (DOE) is investigating the effects of nuclear testing in underground test areas (the UGTA program) at the Nevada Test Site. The principal focus of the UGTA program is to better understand and define subsurface radionuclide migration. The study described in this report focuses on the development of tools for generating maps of hydrogeologic characteristics of subsurface Tertiary volcanic units at the Frenchman Flat corrective Action Unit (CAU). The process includes three steps. The first step involves generation of three-dimensional maps of the geologic structure of subsurface volcanic units using geophysical logs to distinguish between two classes: densely welded tuff and nonwelded tuff. The second step generates three-dimensional maps of hydraulic conductivity utilizing the spatial distribution of the two geologic classes obtained in the first step. Each class is described by a correlation structure based on existing data on hydraulic conductivity, and conditioned on the generated spatial location of each class. The final step demonstrates the use of the maps of hydraulic conductivity for modeling groundwater flow and radionuclide transport in volcanic tuffs from an underground nuclear test at the Frenchman Flat CAU. The results indicate that the majority of groundwater flow through the volcanic section occurs through zones of densely welded tuff where connected fractures provide the transport pathway. Migration rates range between near zero to approximately four m/yr, with a mean rate of 0.68 m/yr. This report presents the results of work under the FY96 Near-Field Modeling task of the UGTA program.

Pohlmann, K.; Shirley, C.; Andricevic, R.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Environmental Survey preliminary report, Rocky Flats Plant, Golden, Colorado  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the preliminary findings of the Environmental Survey of the United States Department of Energy (DOE), Rocky Flats Plant (RFP), conducted August 11 through 22, 1986. The Survey is being conducted by an multidisciplinary team of environmental specialists, led and managed by the Office of Environment, Safety and Health's Office of Environmental Audit. Individual team members are outside experts supplied by a private contractor. The objective of the Survey is to identify environmental problems and areas of environmental risk associated with the RFP. The Survey covers all environmental media and all areas of environmental regulations. It is being performed in accordance with the DOE Environmental Survey Manual. The on-site phase of the Survey involves the review of existing site environmental data observations of the operations carried on at RFP, and interviews with site personnel. The Survey team developed a Sampling and Analysis Plan to assist in further assessing certain environmental problems identified during its on-site activates. The Sampling and Analysis Plan is being executed by DOE's Oak Ridge National Laboratory. When completed, the results will be incorporated into the RFP Environmental Survey Interim Report. The Interim Report will reflect the final determinations of the RFP Survey. 75 refs., 24 figs., 33 tabs.

Not Available

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

DOE's Former Rocky Flats Weapons Production Site to Become National  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Former Rocky Flats Weapons Production Site to Become National Former Rocky Flats Weapons Production Site to Become National Wildlife Refuge DOE's Former Rocky Flats Weapons Production Site to Become National Wildlife Refuge July 12, 2007 - 2:54pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced the transfer of nearly 4,000 acres of its former Rocky Flats nuclear weapons production site to the Department of the Interior's (DOI) U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) for use as a National Wildlife Refuge. After more than a decade of environmental cleanup work, the transfer creates the Rocky Flats National Wildlife Refuge, 16 miles northwest of Denver, Colorado, and marks completion of the regulatory milestones to transform a formerly contaminated site into an environmental asset. "The Department of Energy's environmental cleanup of the Rocky Flats

225

Flat-Plate Photovoltaic System Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Flat-Plate Photovoltaic System Basics Flat-Plate Photovoltaic System Basics Flat-Plate Photovoltaic System Basics August 20, 2013 - 4:03pm Addthis The most common photovoltaic (PV) array design uses flat-plate PV modules or panels. These panels can be fixed in place or allowed to track the movement of the Illustration of a cutaway of a typical flat-plate module. The layers, in order from top to bottom, are: cover film, solar cell, encapsulant, substrate, cover film, seal, gasket, and frame. One typical flat-plate module design uses a substrate of metal, glass, or plastic to provide structural support in the back; an encapsulant material to protect the cells; and a transparent cover of plastic or glass. sun. They respond to sunlight that is direct or diffuse. Even in clear skies, the diffuse component of sunlight accounts for between 10% and 20%

226

Microsoft Word - CX-RiceFlatsSiteMaintenanceFY12_WEB.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

12, 2012 12, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Steve Lowder Project Manager - TESM-AMPN-2 Proposed Action: Rice Flats Electrode Site Maintenance and Inspection Project Budget Information: Work Order #00219387 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities Location: The proposed project area is approximately seven miles southeast of The Dalles,

227

On the Chemla effect in molten alkali nitrates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Chemla effect concerns the strong composition dependence of the internal ionic mobilities of cations in mixtures of two molten salts with a common anion in which the mobility of the large cation can be higher than the small one at low concentrations of the latter. Molecular dynamics simulations of molten ( Li Cs)NO 3 ( Li K)NO 3 ( Li Na)NO 3 ( Na Cs)NO 3 each at two different compositions at a given temperature and also pure LiNO 3 and pure KNO 3 have been performed with the aim of reproducing the Chemla effect. The key role played by anion polarization on the Chemla effect in molten alkali nitrates is demonstrated by comparing the calculated mobilities using nonpolarizable and polarizable models. Polarization effects were included in the simulations by using a previously proposed fluctuating charge model (FCM) for the NO 3 ? anion. It is shown that a single potential model for a ( M 1 M 2 ) NO 3 mixture gives the correct composition dependence of the M 1 and the M 2 mobilities provided that polarization effects are included in the model. The FCM is thus transferable between different systems but not its nonpolarizable counterpart. Structure and dynamics of the simulated systems are discussed in light of proposed models for the Chemla effect.

Mauro C. C. Ribeiro

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Ethanol fermentation of cassava starch pretreated with alkali  

SciTech Connect

In view of the current industrial process for the conventional ethanol fermentation, in which raw starch materials are heated at 120 degrees C for 2 h, conditions for an alternative process were set: an overall time from saccharification to ethanol fermentation of within 3-4 days, an operation temperature of below 60 degrees C, an ethanol yield of over 93%, and a ratio of raw material to fermentation volume of within 1:4. To meet these conditions, previously a steeping method of starch materials in 0.5N HCl solution at 60 degrees C for 12 h were used, followed by combined actions of ..cap alpha..-amylase and glucoamylase. The ethanol yield from uncooked cassava starch treated under the conditions described was 95% after fermentation for 3 days with Saccharomyces cerevisiae. However, the use of a relatively higher concentration of acid for steeping is still a problem and gelatinization of starch materials is insufficient. This communication, therefore, describes effects of alkali steeping and structural change of starch granules on the ethanol fermentation. 8 references.

Shin, Y.C.; Lee, S.Y.; Choe, Y.K.; Kim, H.S.; Byun, S.M.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Alkali monolayers on transition metal surfaces: electronic promotion in catalysis  

SciTech Connect

Potassium monolayers on the platinum (111) crystal surface were studied most extensively. Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy showed a large decrease in the work function of the surface when potassium was adsorbed. The heat of desorption of potassium decreased with increasing coverage. Low energy electron diffraction (LEED) showed that potassium forms hexagonal (close packed) overlayer structures. The effects of potassium on the chemisorption of various small molecules on Pt(111) were studied. Oxygen and nitric oxide were readily adsorbed and dissociated by potassium, forming stable potassium-oxide complexes on the surface. Adsorption heat of carbon monoxide on Pt(111) increased with potassium coadsorption. High resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy showed that the carbon-oxygen bond of adsorbed carbon monoxide was weakened by potassium. Adsorption heat of benzene, however, was decreased by coadsorbed potassium. A molecular orbital explanation was given to explain the effects of potassium. CO hydrogenation reactions performed on metal foils showed that the addition of alkali adlayers tends to decrease the overall rate of reaction. Changes in selectivity were noted, shifting the product distribution in favor of higher molecular weight species and from alkanes to alkenes.

Garfunkel, E.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

3D Flat Holography: Entropy and Logarithmic Corrections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute the leading corrections to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of the Flat Space Cosmological (FSC) solutions in 3D flat spacetimes, which are the flat analogues of the BTZ black holes in AdS3. The analysis is done by a computation of density of states in the dual 2D Galilean Conformal Field Theory and the answer obtained by this matches with the limiting value of the expected result for the BTZ inner horizon entropy as well as what is expected for a generic thermodynamic system. Along the way, we also develop other aspects of holography of 3D flat spacetimes.

Arjun Bagchi; Rudranil Basu

2013-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

231

Digital Video Bandwidth Requirements for Large Flat-Panel Televisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Consumer expectations for high quality high-definition programming will place greater demand on access networks as flat-panel display sizes increase. Herein, we investigate the...

Ruffin, A B

232

EIS-0276: Rocky Flats Plutonium Storage, Golden, Colorado  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EIS analyzes DOE's proposed action to provide safe interim storage of approximately 10 metric tons of plutonium at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS).

233

2006 Annual Ecology Report for the Rocky Flats Site  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Ecology Report for the Rocky Flats Site Click on the links below to access different portions of the electronic annual report. 2006 Annual Report Sections Diffuse Knapweed...

234

Unique process combination decontaminates mixed wastewater at Rocky Flats  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the Sitewide Water Treatment Facility (SWTF) used to process environmental remediation wastewaters found at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site.

Kelso, William J.; Cirillo, J. Russ

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Rocky Flats, Colorado, Site Quarterly Report of Site Surveillance...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Site. LM provides periodic communications through several means, such as this report, web-based tools, and public meetings. LM prepared the Rocky Flats, Colorado, Site Site...

236

Rocky Flats, Colorado, Site Quarterly Report of Site Surveillance  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Site. LM provides periodic communications through several means, such as this report, web-based tools, and public meetings. LM prepared the Rocky Flats, Colorado, Site Site...

237

Initial closure cap and erosion control for the remediation of Maxey Flats  

SciTech Connect

The Record of Decision issued by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for remediation of the Maxey Flats Disposal Site (MFDS) included an initial closure cap of exposed geomembrane to limit infiltration into the waste burial trenches and to allow for natural subsidence over a period of one century. To demonstrate the feasibility of a 50-acre initial cap, a conceptual design of the cap was developed and rainfall run-off and soil erosion control were evaluated. The MFDS is located in eastern Kentucky {approximately}10 miles north-west of Morehead. The closest major city is Lexington, which is {approximately}65 miles to the west. Low-level radioactive waste is buried inside a 45-acre fenced enclosure known as the Restricted Area. The Restricted Area is on a spur of Maxey Flats, one of the larger flat-topped ridges in the region. The Restricted Area is bounded by steep slopes to the west, east, and south and is about 300 ft above the adjacent valley floor.

Basinger, D.L.; Cannon, R.P.; Cockrell, R.G.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

238

Long-Term Surveillance and Maintenance at Rocky Flats: Early Experiences and Lessons Learned  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Rocky Flats Site was established in 1951 as part of the United States' nationwide nuclear weapons complex to manufacture nuclear weapons components. In 1992 weapons production halted, and the Rocky Flats mission changed to include environmental investigations, cleanup, and site closure. In October 2005, DOE and its contractor completed an accelerated 10-year, $7 billion cleanup of chemical and radiological contamination left from nearly 50 years of production. The cleanup required the decommissioning, decontamination, demolition, and removal of more than 800 structures; removal of more than 500,000 cubic meters of low-level radioactive waste; and remediation of more than 360 potentially contaminated environmental sites. The final remedy for the site was selected in September 2006 and included institutional controls, physical controls, and continued monitoring for the former industrial portion of the site. The remainder of the site, which served as a buffer zone surrounding the former industrial area, was transferred to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in July 2007 for a national wildlife refuge. DOE's Office of Legacy Management is responsible for the long-term surveillance and maintenance of Rocky Flats, which includes remedy implementation activities and general site maintenance. Several factors have complicated the transition from closure to post-closure at Rocky Flats. The early experiences associated with the two years since the physical cleanup and closure work were completed have led to several valuable lessons learned. (authors)

Surovchak, S. [U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Legacy Management, Westminster, CO (United States); Kaiser, L.; DiSalvo, R.; Boylan, J.; Squibb, G.; Nelson, J.; Darr, B.; Hanson, M. [S.M. Stoller Corporation, Westminster, CO (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

An experimental investigation on a solar still with an integrated flat plate collector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work promotes the performance of the single basin solar still by means of preheating the saline water using an integrated flat plate collector arrangement. A conventional single slope single basin still and a single slope flat plate collector basin still (FPCB still) are fabricated with the same basin area of 1m2. The FPCB still is fabricated similar to a conventional still, with the integration of a horizontal flat plate collector arrangement to form six small compartments in the basin. The projected space between the consecutive basins acts as an extended surface which increases the temperature of the basin as well as the flat plate collector where the saline water is preheated before it enters the basin. Due to separate compartments (absorber plate) in the basin, the mass of water reduces and the evaporation rate increases for the same depth of water in the basin. Experiments are carried out by varying the water depth in the basin and using the wick and energy storing materials in basins of both stills. The FPCB still gives about 60% higher distillate than the conventional still for the same basin condition. Economic analysis shows that the cost of distilled water for the FPCB still is lower than that for the conventional still.

T. Rajaseenivasan; P. Nelson Raja; K. Srithar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Numerical Simulation of Inter-basin Groundwater Flow into Northern Yucca Flat, Nevada National Security Site, Using the Death Valley Regional Flow System Model  

SciTech Connect

Models of groundwater flow for the Yucca Flat area of the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) are under development by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) for corrective action investigations of the Yucca Flat-Climax Mine Corrective Action Unit (CAU). One important aspect of these models is the quantity of inter-basin groundwater flow from regional systems to the north. This component of flow, together with its uncertainty, must be properly accounted for in the CAU flow models to provide a defensible regional framework for calculations of radionuclide transport that will support determinations of the Yucca Flat-Climax Mine contaminant boundary. Because characterizing flow boundary conditions in northern Yucca Flat requires evaluation to a higher level of detail than the scale of the Yucca Flat-Climax Mine CAU model can efficiently provide, a study more focused on this aspect of the model was required.

Pohlmann Karl,Ye Ming

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alkali flat area" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Hydrogeochemical investigation of groundwater in Jericho area in the Jordan Valley, West Bank, Palestine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water resources in the Middle East, particularly in Palestine, are extremely scarce and costly. The Jordan Valley is a fertile productive region, described as the food basket of Palestine. Groundwater originating from the Quaternary Aquifer System forms the main water resource in the Jordan Valley. However, the quality of this groundwater is threatened mainly by the high chloride concentration. The most representative area of the Jordan Valley is Jericho area, which was chosen to be the study area. The study area (65km2) is almost a flat area with a gentle decline towards the east. It is the lowest land on earth with ground levels reaching 400meters below sea level (mbsl) near the Dead Sea shores. The Quaternary Aquifer System in the study area could be divided into an upper alluvial layer with thickness varying from 40 to 150m and a lower low-permeable Lisan layer, which crops out in the eastern part of the study area with thickness over 200m. Hydrogeochemical investigation reveals that the water is generally earth alkaline with higher content of earth alkalis and prevailing chloride. According to Stuyfzand (1986) and Pipers (1944) classification systems, water type in the Alluvial Aquifer varies from fresh hard CaMgHCO3 or MgCaHCO3 water in the west and northwest to brackish very-hard MgNaCl or NaMgCl in the middle. In the east, the water becomes brackish-salt extremely-hard MgNaCl or NaCl. Groundwater quality is deteriorating (increase in salinity) spatially towards the east and vertically with increasing depth (when nearing the Lisan Formation). As an indication of groundwater salinity, total dissolved solids show some variability with time over the last 21years (19832004). In short-time scale, there are high seasonal and yearly fluctuations with regard to salinity, specifically in Cl? and SO 4 2 - contents. Spring water from the Upper Cenomanian Aquifer (CaHCO3) represents the fresh end member, while Rift Valley Brines (RVB-CaNaCl) and Dead Sea Brines (DSB-MgNaCl) represent the saline end members. Existing water types are mixtures of the 3 end members. There is a consistency in results and analysis of geological, hydrogeological, hydrochemical and geophysical data. There are three probable sources of increase in groundwater salinity: mixing with saline end members (RVB/DSB); dissolution of minerals of the Lisan Formation (calcite, dolomite, gypsum and halite); and to some extent, agricultural effluent pollution.

Ammar Daas; Kristine Walraevens

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

High temperature alkali corrosion of ceramics in coal gas. Quarterly progress report No. 3, March 1, 1992--May 31, 1992  

SciTech Connect

High temperature alkali corrosion has been known to cause premature failure of ceramic components used in advanced high temperature coal combustion systems such as coal gasification and clean-up, coal fired gas turbines, and high efficiency heat engines. The objective of this research is to systematically evaluate the alkali corrosion resistance of the most commonly used structural ceramics including silicon carbide, silicon nitride, cordierite, mullite, alumina, aluminum titanate, zirconia, and fireclay glass. The study consists of identification of the alkali reaction products (phase equilibria) and the kinetics of the alkali reactions as a function of temperature and time.

Pickrell, G.R.; Sun, T.; Brown, J.J.

1992-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

243

Theory of the alkali-metal chemisorption on metal surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electronic structure of the alkali-metal adatom on metal surfaces is studied by a first-principles method as a function of adatom coverage (?). We employ jellium as a high-density metal substrate to make a continuous change of ? possible. Although the characteristic variation of the work function with ? is reproduced well by the present calculation, its mechanism is different from a widely accepted mechanism in which the adatom electronic structure is assumed to change from ionic to neutral with increasing ? by the depolarization shift. The charge redistribution ??(r,?) that lowers the work function deviates far from the point-charge-transfer model, and the electrostatic potential change at adatom sites due to ??(r,?) depends very little on ?. Accordingly, the adatom valence density of states shows no downward shift with increasing ?. The adatom region is essentially neutral, even at low ?. The bonding-antibonding boundary in the bond-order density of the adatom-substrate bond coincides well with the Fermi level at low ?, indicating a formation of a metallic bond by the maximum use of bonding states even at low ?. The close similarity between the calculated bond-order and dipole densities as a function of the one-electron energy implies that the adatom polarization due to the hybridization of adatom and substrate orbitals plays an important role for the adatom dipole and its ? dependence even at low ?. The decrease of the adatom dipole is explained by a weakening of the adatom-substrate bonding as well as a significant decrease in the dipole matrix elements with increasing ?.

H. Ishida

1988-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

244

Molybdenum/alkali metal/ethylene glycol complexes useful as epoxidation catalysts  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a clear, storage stable solution of a molybdenum/alkali metal/ethylene glycol complex in ethylene glycol made by the process comprising: reacting at an elevated temperature between about 25/sup 0/ and 150/sup 0/C a solid ammonium molybdate or a hydrate thereof and a solid alkali metal molybdate or a hydrate thereof with ethylene glycol, such that the ratio of moles of ethylene glycol to total gram atoms of molybdenum in the molybdates ranges from about 7:10 to 10:1, and the ratio of gram atoms of molybdenum in the ammonium molybdate or hydrate thereof to gram atoms of molybdenum in the alkali metal molybdate is from about 1:1 to about 20:1 to thereby provide a reaction product composed of a solution of an alkali metal-containing complex of molybdenum, alkali metal and ethylene glycol and by-products, including water, in the ethylene glycol and subsequently stripping the solution at a reduced pressure to remove from about 5 to about 25% of the reaction product, as distillate, to thereby provide a storage stable solution of the complex in the ethylene glycol having a molybdenum content of about 6 wt. % to about 20 wt. %, a water concentration of about 0.1 wt. % to about 6 wt. % and an acid number of more than about 60.

Marquis, E.T.; Sanderson, J.R.; Keating, K.P.

1987-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

245

The direct observation of alkali vapor species in biomass combustion and gasification  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes new data from screening various feedstocks for alkali vapor release under combustion conditions. The successful development of a laboratory flow reactor and molecular beam, mass spectrometer interface is detailed. Its application to several herbaceous and woody feedstocks, as well as a fast-pyrolysis oil, under 800 and 1,100{degrees}C batch combustion, is documented. Chlorine seems to play a large role in the facile mobilization of potassium. Included in the report is a discussion of relevant literature on the alkali problem in combustors and turbines. Highlighted are the phenomena identified in studies on coal and methods that have been applied to alkali speciation. The nature of binding of alkali in coal versus biomass is discussed, together with the implications for the ease of release. Herbaceous species and many agricultural residues appear to pose significant problems in release of alkali species to the vapor at typical combustor temperatures. These problems could be especially acute in direct combustion fired turbines, but may be ameliorated in integrated gasification combined cycles.

French, R.J.; Dayton, D.C.; Milne, T.A.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Optimization of solar flat collector inclination  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solar collectors need to be inclined at the optimum angle to maximize the receiving energy. In spite of many theoretical and experimental investigations on optimization of solar collector inclination, there is an inconsistency in presented results. In this paper, solar global radiation on a horizontal surface was estimated using a mathematical model and the results were compared with the recorded data from the Zahedan city meteorological station. Total received solar energy by a flat inclined collector was determined in a certain day, and searching for the angle which has the maximum incident energy was the general procedure in determination of daily optimum tilt angle. In case of operational limitation for daily tilt adjustment, this procedure is repeated for other specific period of time and monthly, seasonal, semi-annual and annual optimum tilt angles were determined. A MATLAB-based code is used to calculate the daily optimum tilt angle. The results were in good agreement with the obtained data of a new constructed device. Finally, in the case of stationary devices, some recommendations were presented with respect to their typical application.

Hamid Moghadam; Farshad Farshchi Tabrizi; Ashkan Zolfaghari Sharak

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Commercial Decommissioning at DOE's Rocky Flats  

SciTech Connect

Due in large part to the number of nuclear facilities that make up the DOE complex, DOE-EM work has historically been paperwork intensive and driven by extensive regulations. Requirements for non-nuclear facilities are often grouped with those of nuclear facilities, driving up costs. Kaiser-Hill was interested in applying a commercial model to demolition of these facilities and wanted to apply necessary and sufficient standards to the work activities, but avoid applying unnecessary requirements. Faced with demolishing hundreds of uncontaminated or non-radiologically contaminated facilities, Kaiser-Hill has developed a subcontracting strategy to drastically reduce the cost of demolishing these facilities at Rocky Flats. Aiming to tailor the demolition approach of such facilities to more closely follow commercial practices, Kaiser-Hill recently released a Request for Proposals (RFP) for the demolition of the site's former central administration facility. The RFP significantly reduced requirements for compliance with specific DOE directives. Instead, the RFP required subcontractors to comply with health and safety requirements commonly found in the demolition of similar facilities in a commercial setting. This resulted in a number of bids from companies who have normally not bid on DOE work previously and at a reduced cost over previous approaches. This paper will discuss the details of this subcontracting strategy.

Freiboth, C.; Sandlin, N.; Schubert, A.; Hansen, S.

2002-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

248

Water Monitoring Flume Replaced at the Rocky Flats, Colorado, Site |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Water Monitoring Flume Replaced at the Rocky Flats, Colorado, Site Water Monitoring Flume Replaced at the Rocky Flats, Colorado, Site Water Monitoring Flume Replaced at the Rocky Flats, Colorado, Site October 22, 2013 - 11:01am Addthis What does this project do? Goal 1. Protect human health and the environment In August of this year the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM) Rocky Flats, site took advantage of an existing water diversion structure that was no longer needed, to replace an aging water monitoring flume and avoid future repairs that could interrupt data collection. The flume for Rocky Flats Legacy Management Agreement (RFLMA) Point of Evaluation (POE) monitoring location GS10 in South Walnut Creek was located at the bottom of fairly steep channel banks. The bank on the south side shows localized slumping and sliding toward the creek and GS10. Although

249

Independent Oversight Review, Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site -  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site - March 2000 Independent Oversight Review, Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site - March 2000 March 2000 Review of the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site Transportation Emergency Management Program The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Emergency Management Oversight, within the Office of Independent Oversight and Performance Assurance, conducted a transportation emergency management review and a follow-up review of the emergency management program at Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) in February 2000. The primary purpose of this review was to assess the effectiveness of the Department's emergency management programs for transportation events involving hazardous materials (not related to transuranic waste or nuclear

250

EA-1146: Radioactive Waste Storage at Rocky Flats Environmental Technology  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

46: Radioactive Waste Storage at Rocky Flats Environmental 46: Radioactive Waste Storage at Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site, Golden, Colorado EA-1146: Radioactive Waste Storage at Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site, Golden, Colorado SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to convert buildings at the U.S. Department of Energy Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site from their former uses to interim waste storage facilities in order to increase storage capacity for low-level waste, low-level mixed waste, transuranic waste, and transuranic mixed waste. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD April 9, 1996 EA-1146: Finding of No Significant Impact Radioactive Waste Storage at Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site, Golden, Colorado

251

Independent Oversight Review, Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site -  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Independent Oversight Review, Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Independent Oversight Review, Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site - March 2000 Independent Oversight Review, Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site - March 2000 March 2000 Review of the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site Transportation Emergency Management Program The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Emergency Management Oversight, within the Office of Independent Oversight and Performance Assurance, conducted a transportation emergency management review and a follow-up review of the emergency management program at Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) in February 2000. The primary purpose of this review was to assess the effectiveness of the Department's emergency management programs for transportation events involving hazardous materials (not related to transuranic waste or nuclear

252

West Ford Flat Geothermal Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ford Flat Geothermal Facility Ford Flat Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home West Ford Flat Geothermal Facility General Information Name West Ford Flat Geothermal Facility Facility West Ford Flat Sector Geothermal energy Location Information Location Clear Lake, California Coordinates 38.788136285865°, -122.72210240364° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.788136285865,"lon":-122.72210240364,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

253

Microsoft Word - RockyFlatsPropLR111406.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

November 15, 2006 November 15, 2006 REPLY TO ATTN OF: IG-40 SUBJECT: Letter Report on "Alleged Waste of Funds Involving Excess Property at Rocky Flats" (INS-L-07-03) TO: Assistant Secretary for Environmental Management This is to advise you of the results of an Office of Inspector General inspection of alleged waste of funds involving excess property at the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Rocky Flats site. BACKGROUND Nuclear weapons production operations at Rocky Flats were discontinued in 1992. Subsequently, responsibility for Rocky Flats was reassigned from the Department's Office of Defense Programs to the Office of Environmental Management. In January 2000, DOE entered into a contract with Kaiser-Hill Company, LLC, for the closure of Rocky Flats by

254

Alkali-silica reaction products: Comparison between samples from concrete structures and laboratory test specimens  

SciTech Connect

Alkali-silica gels (ASG) were investigated in concrete from bridge structures (constructed from the 1920s to 2000), as well as in experimental specimens; employing optical microscopy, petrographic image analysis, and scanning electron microscopy combined with energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM/EDS). The main differences were found in the chemical composition and morphology of the ASGs. ASGs which had formed in older concrete samples (50-80 years old) show a partly crystalline structure and higher Ca{sup 2+} content, indicating their aging and maturation. Younger concrete samples and experimental test specimens exhibit the presence of amorphous ASG. The chemistry of ASG from experimental specimens reflects the chemical composition of accelerating solutions. - Research Highlights: {yields} Quantitative analysis of alkali-silica gels {yields} Comparison of ASR in experimental conditions with ASR in bridge structures {yields} Investigation of factors affecting alkali-silica reaction {yields} Investigation of ASR of different types of aggregates.

Sachlova, Sarka, E-mail: lukschova@seznam.cz; Prikryl, Richard; Pertold, Zdenek

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

255

Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site Ecological Monitoring Program 1995 annual report  

SciTech Connect

The Ecological Monitoring Program (ECMP) was established at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (Site) in September 1992. At that time, EcMP staff developed a Program Plan that was peer-reviewed by scientists from western universities before submittal to DOE RFFO in January 1993. The intent of the program is to measure several quantitative variables at different ecological scales in order to characterize the Rocky Flats ecosystem. This information is necessary to document ecological conditions at the Site in impacted and nonimpacted areas to determine if Site practices have had ecological impacts, either positive or negative. This information can be used by managers interested in future use scenarios and CERCLA activities. Others interested in impact analysis may also find the information useful. In addition, these measurements are entered into a database which will serve as a long-term information repository that will document long-term trends and potential future changes to the Site, both natural and anthropogenic.

NONE

1995-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

256

Air Quality Scoping Study for Sarcobatus Flat, Nevada (EMSI April 2007)  

SciTech Connect

The Desert Research Institute (DRI) is performing a scoping study as part of the U.S. Department of Energys Yucca Mountain Environmental Monitoring Systems Initiative (EMSI). The main objective is to obtain baseline air quality information for Yucca Mountain and an area surrounding the Nevada Test Site (NTS). Air quality and meteorological monitoring and sampling equipment housed in a mobile trailer (shelter) is collecting data at seven sites outside the NTS, including Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge, Sarcobatus Flat, Beatty, Rachel, Caliente, Pahranagat National Wildlife Refuge, and Crater Flat, and at four sites on the NTS. The trailer is stationed at any one site for approximately eight weeks at a time. Letter reports provide summaries of air quality and meteorological data, on completion of each sites sampling program.

Johann Engelbrecht, Ilias Kavouras, Dave Campbell, Scott Campbell, Steven Kohl and David Shafer

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Synergistic capture mechanisms for alkali and sulfur species from combustion. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Experimental work was carried out on a 17 kW, 600 cm long, gas laboratory combustor, to investigate the post flame reactive capture of alkali species by kaolinite. Emphasis was on alkali/sorbent interactions occurring in flue gas at temperatures above the alkali dewpoint and on the formation of water insoluble reaction products. Time-temperature studies were carried out by injecting kaolinite at different axial points along the combustor. The effect of chlorine and sulfur on alkali capture was investigated by doping the flame with SO{sub 2} and Cl{sub 2} gases to simulate coal flame environments. Particle time and temperature history was kept as close as possible to that which would ordinarily be found in a practical boiler. Experiments designed to extract apparent initial reaction rates were carried using a narrow range, 1-2 {mu}m modal size sorbent, while, a coarse, multi size sorbent was used to investigate the governing transport mechanisms. The capture reaction has been proposed to be between alkali hydroxide and activated kaolinite, and remains so in the presence of sulfur and chlorine. The presence of sulfur reduces sodium capture by under 10% at 1300{degree}C. Larger reductions at lower temperatures are attributed to the elevated dewpoint of sodium ({approximately}850{degree}C) with subsequent reduction in sorbent residence time in the alkali gas phase domain. Chlorine reduces sodium capture by 30% across the temperature range covered by the present experiments. This result has been linked to thermodynamic equilibria between sodium hydroxide, sodium chloride and water.

Peterson, T.W.; Shadman, F.; Wendt, J.O.L.; Mwabe, P.O.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Structure of the Alkali-metal-atom-Strontium molecular ions: towards photoassociation and formation of cold molecular ions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Structure of the Alkali-metal-atom-Strontium molecular ions: towards photoassociation and formation polarizability, of molecular ions composed of one alkali-metal atom and a Strontium ion are determined and a Strontium ion are discussed, as well as the formation of stable molecular ions. PACS numbers: 31.15.AR,31

259

The ground state of the polar alkali-Strontium molecules: potential energy curve and permanent dipole moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ground state of the polar alkali-Strontium molecules: potential energy curve and permanent In this study, we investigate the structure of the polar alkali-Strontium diatomic molecules as possible already been reported, while quantum degeneracy in Ytterbium [22, 23], Calcium [24], and Strontium [25, 26

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

260

Exciplex pumped alkali laser (XPAL) modeling and theory Andrew D. Palla, Joseph T. Verdeyen, and David L. Carroll  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exciplex pumped alkali laser (XPAL) modeling and theory Andrew D. Palla, Joseph T. Verdeyen pumped alkali laser (XPAL) system has been demonstrated in mixtures of Cs vapor, Ar, with and without ethane, by pumping Cs-Ar atomic collision pairs and subsequent dissociation of diatomic, electronically

Carroll, David L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alkali flat area" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Absorption profiles of alkali-metal D lines in the presence of a static magnetic field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When atoms are placed in a static magnetic field, they undergo shifts of their energy levels and changes in their transition probabilities. These two effects must be taken into account when considering absorption profiles of alkali-metal D lines, which result from the contribution of many transitions influenced by the laser spectrum and Doppler broadening. The model presented here gives the D-line absorption coefficients of alkali-metal vapors in the presence of an arbitrary static magneitc field. They are evaluated considering various laser polarizations. Experimental measurements of D-line absorption profiles for Rb85, Rb87, and Cs133 isotopes show excellent agreement with theoretical predictions.

P. Tremblay; A. Michaud; M. Levesque; S. Thriault; M. Breton; J. Beaubien; N. Cyr

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Effect of alkali metals on the interaction of O/sub 2/ and CO with some transition-metal surfaces  

SciTech Connect

The interactions of O/sub 2/ and CO with alkali covered Ni, Ru, and Pt are reviewed with emphasis on the author's own studies. It is shown that the presence of alkalis changes the coadsorbates adsorption rates, heats of adsorption, and dissociative propensity, the strength of the effect depending on the alkali nature and coverage. The differences for the three substrates are interpreted comparing the properties of the clean surface. A detailed analysis of the coadsorbate--modifier interactions suggests that they depend on the adsorption state of the alkali species and the coadsorbate--substrate bond strength. Evidence of the formation of patches of ''surface complexes'' coexisting with the unperturbed surface is given and discussed in terms of strong direct alkali--coadsorbate interactions.

Kiskinova, M.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Left invertibility, flatness and identifiability of switched linear dynamical systems: a framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Left invertibility, flatness and identifiability of switched linear dynamical systems: a framework invertibility and flatness, dynamical systems are structurally equivalent to some specific cryptographic invertibility, flatness and identifiability of discrete- time switched linear systems are investigated

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

264

Isotropic and deviatoric characterization of the Coalora nuclear explosion in Yucca Flats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......detonated at Yucca Flats, Nevada Test Site (NTS), are utilized...detonated at Yucca Flats, Nevada Test Site (NTS), are utilized...at the Novaya Zemlya test sites, Bull. seism. Soc...Structure at Yucca Flat, Nevada, Geophysics, 53......

Brian W. Stump; Robert E. Reinke; Kenneth H. Olsen; Lane R. Johnson

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Oakland Sub-Area Folsom Lake  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oakland Sub-Area 25 MW (C) 92 Lake Tahoe Folsom Lake Clear Lake Indian Valley Reservoir Nacimiento IONE CLAY IONE ENERGY TIGER CREEK WEST POINT PINE GROVE NEPCO ELECTRA 1& 2 Camanche Reservoir New Hogan EARLY INTAKE NEW MOCCASIN CR BEAR VALLEY INDIAN FLAT MARIPOSA Mariposa TULLOCH CHINESE CAMP SONORA

266

Final Rocky Flats Cleanup Agreement, July 19, 1996 Summary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rocky Flats Cleanup Agreement Rocky Flats Cleanup Agreement State Colorado Agreement Type Federal Facility Agreement Legal Driver(s) CERCLA/RCRA Scope Summary Establish the regulatory framework for achieving the ultimate cleanup of the Rocky Flats Site. Parties DOE; US EPA; The State of Colorado Date 7/19/1996 SCOPE * Establish the regulatory framework for achieving the ultimate cleanup of the Rocky Flats Site. * Ensure that the environmental impacts associated with activities at the Site will continue to be investigated and that appropriate response actions are taken. * Establish a procedural framework and schedule for developing, implementing, and monitoring appropriate response actions at the site. * Coordinate all of DOE's cleanup obligations under CERCLA, RCRA, and the Colorado

267

Preliminary Notice of Violation , Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Violation , Rocky Flats Environmental Violation , Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site - EA-96-05 Preliminary Notice of Violation , Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site - EA-96-05 October 7, 1996 Preliminary Notice of Violation issued to Safe Sites of Colorado related to Radiological and Work Control Deficiencies associated with Two Radiological Release Events at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site, (EA-96-05) Based on our evaluation of these matters, DOE has concluded that violations of DOE's Occupational Radiation Protection Rule (10 CFR 835) and Quality Assurance Rule (10 CFR 830.120) likely occurred. An enforcement conference was held with you, as well as senior management of KHLL and Rocky Mountain Remediation Services (RMRS), on September 10, 1996. This conference included a discussion of the facts and circumstances surrounding these

268

Rocky Flats Former Construction Workers, Construction Worker Screening  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rocky Flats Former Construction Workers, Construction Worker Rocky Flats Former Construction Workers, Construction Worker Screening Projects Rocky Flats Former Construction Workers, Construction Worker Screening Projects Project Name: Building Trades National Medical Screening Program Covered DOE Site: Rocky Flats Worker Population Served: Construction Workers Principal Investigator: Knut Ringen, DrPH, MHA, MPH Toll-free Telephone: (800) 866-9663 Local Outreach Office: Dwayne Adkins 7510 W. Mississippi Ave., Suite 230 Lakewood, CO 80226 Website: http://www.btmed.org This project is intended to provide free medical screening to former workers in the building trades (construction workers). The screening targets health problems resulting from exposures, including asbestos, beryllium, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury, noise, radiation, silica

269

Microsoft Word - RockyFlatsCRO20030221.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

300,000 Block Grant to the 300,000 Block Grant to the Rocky Flats Community Reuse Organization Money Will Be Used To Develop Comprehensive Refuge Plan for Rocky Flats WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy (DOE) today announced that it will award $300,000 to the Rocky Flats Coalition of Local Governments. A CRO is an organization recognized by the Energy Department that can apply for funding for programs that can modify the impacts of workforce restructuring at its facilities and reduce community dependence on the department's activities. This grant will enable the community reuse organization (CRO) to continue to play a critical role in working with the Energy Department on the development of a comprehensive refuge plan for Rocky Flats, review cleanup and closure documents to ensure that they meet long-term

270

Final Transuranic Waste Shipment Leaves Rocky Flats | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Final Transuranic Waste Shipment Leaves Rocky Flats Final Transuranic Waste Shipment Leaves Rocky Flats Final Transuranic Waste Shipment Leaves Rocky Flats April 19, 2005 - 12:23pm Addthis Cleanup Ahead of Schedule, On Track to Save Taxpayers Billions GOLDEN, CO. - A major environmental victory was achieved at the Rocky Flats Site in Golden, Colo., today when the final remaining shipment of radioactive, transuranic (TRU) waste left the property on a truck bound for an underground waste repository in New Mexico. This major milestone is another step toward the final conversion of the site to a National Wildlife Refuge managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. "This is great news for all of Colorado, and would not have been possible without hand-in-glove cooperation between the Department of Energy, the

271

Haptic overlay device for flat panel touch displays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In an effort to present users with an increasing amount of information, many industries including automotive and aerospace are adopting flat panel touch displays as a user interface. These interfaces are becoming popular due to their reconfigurability ...

David Wang; Kevin Tuer; Mauro Rossi; Joseph Shu

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

DOE's Former Rocky Flats Weapons Production Site to Become National...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Flats nuclear weapons production site to the Department of the Interior's (DOI) U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) for use as a National Wildlife Refuge. After more than a...

273

The Redshift Distribution of Flat-Spectrum Radio Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The redshift distribution of flat-spectrum radio sources with 5 GHz flux densities S>5 mJy is a key component in using current radio lens surveys to probe the cosmological model. We have constructed the first flat-spectrum radio sample in the flux density range 3-20 mJy. Our new sample has 33 sources; we have determined the redshifts of 14 of these (42% complete). The low mean redshift, ~0.75, of our faintest sample needs to be confirmed by further observations to improve the sample completeness. We also increased the redshift completeness of several surveys of brighter flat-spectrum sources. While the mean redshift, ~1.1 of flat-spectrum samples fainter than 1 Jy is nearly constant, the fraction of the sources identifiable as quasars steadily drops from ~80% to ~10% as the flux density of the sources decreases.

J. A. Munoz; E. E. Falco; C. S. Kochanek; J. Lehar; E. Mediavilla

2003-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

274

On the performance of the flat plate solar heat collector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A flat plate heat collector was constructed for the purpose of heating water by solar energy. It was erected facing south, tilted to the horizontal at the optimum tilt angle, and tested ... was found, for the dim...

M. K. Elnesr; A. M. Khalil

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 98: Frenchman Flat, Nevada Test Site, Nevada (Revision 1)  

SciTech Connect

This Corrective Action Investigation Plan (CAIP) has been developed for Frenchman Flat Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 98. The Frenchman Flat CAU is located along the eastern border of the Nevada Test Site (NTS) and includes portions of Areas 5 and 11. The Frenchman Flat CAU constitutes one of several areas of the Nevada Test Site used for underground nuclear testing in the past. The nuclear tests resulted in groundwater contamination in the vicinity as well as downgradient of the underground test areas. The CAIP describes the Corrective Action Investigation (CAI) to be conducted at the Frenchman Flat CAU to evaluate the extent of contamination in groundwater due to the underground nuclear testing. The Frenchman Flat CAI will be conducted by the Underground Test Area (UGTA) Project which is a part of the U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV) Environmental Restoration Project. The CAIP is a requirement of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) (1996 ) agreed to by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP), and the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). Based on the general definition of a CAI from Section IV.14 of the FFACO, the purpose of the CAI is ''...to gather data sufficient to characterize the nature, extent, and rate of migration or potential rate of migration from releases or discharges of pollutants or contaminants and/or potential releases or discharges from corrective action units identified at the facilities...'' (FFACO, 1996). However, for the Underground Test Area (UGTA) CAUs, ''...the objective of the CAI process is to define boundaries around each UGTA CAU that establish areas that contain water that may be unsafe for domestic and municipal use.'', as stated in Appendix VI of the FFACO (1996). According to the UGTA strategy (Appendix VI of the FFACO), the CAI of a given CAU starts with the evaluation of the existing data. New data collection activities are generally contingent upon the results of the modeling and may or may not be part of the CAI. Such is the case for the Frenchman Flat CAU. The current scope of the Frenchman Flat CAI includes the development and use of a three-dimensional (3-D), numerical, CAU-scale groundwater flow and contaminant transport model to predict the location of the contaminant boundary. The CAU model will be developed and used to predict the location of the contaminant boundary. The scope of this CAI does not currently include any characterization activities; however, such activities will be conducted if the CAU model results indicate that further characterization information is needed to develop a sufficiently reliable CAU model. Two areas of importance to the CAU model are the model area and the investigation area. The CAU-model area will be selected to encompass the Frenchman Flat CAU and the region located immediately downgradient where contamination may migrate. The extent of the CAU-model area is dependent on the extent of contamination and is uncertain at this point. The extent of the investigation area is not expected to increase during the CAI.

USDOE/NV

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Two-dimensional velocity models for paths from Pahute Mesa and Yucca Flat to Yucca Mountain; Yucca Mountain Project  

SciTech Connect

Vertical acceleration recordings of 21 underground nuclear explosions recorded at stations at Yucca Mountain provide the data for development of three two-dimensional crystal velocity profiles for portions of the Nevada Test Site. Paths from Area 19, Area 20 (both Pahute Mesa), and Yucca Flat to Yucca Mountain have been modeled using asymptotic ray theory travel time and synthetic seismogram techniques. Significant travel time differences exist between the Yucca Flat and Pahute Mesa source areas; relative amplitude patterns at Yucca Mountain also shift with changing source azimuth. The three models, UNEPM1, UNEPM2, and UNEYF1, successfully predict the travel time and amplitude data for all three paths. 24 refs., 34 figs., 8 tabs.

Walck, M.C.; Phillips, J.S.

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Benchmarking and performance improvement at Rocky Flats Technology Site  

SciTech Connect

The Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site has initiated a major work process improvement campaign using the tools of formalized benchmarking and streamlining. This paper provides insights into some of the process improvement activities performed at Rocky Flats from November 1995 through December 1996. It reviews the background, motivation, methodology, results, and lessons learned from this ongoing effort. The paper also presents important gains realized through process analysis and improvement including significant cost savings, productivity improvements, and an enhanced understanding of site work processes.

Elliott, C. [Kaiser-Hill Co., (United States); Doyle, G. [EG and G Rocky Flats, Inc., Golden, CO (United States); Featherman, W.L. [Project Performance Corp. (United States)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Method for inhibiting alkali metal corrosion of nickel-containing alloys  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Structural components of nickel-containing alloys within molten alkali metal systems are protected against corrosion during the course of service by dissolving therein sufficient aluminum, silicon, or manganese to cause the formation and maintenance of a corrosion-resistant intermetallic reaction layer created by the interaction of the molten metal, selected metal, and alloy.

DeVan, Jackson H. (Oak Ridge, TN); Selle, James E. (Westminster, CO)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Secondary cell with orthorhombic alkali metal/manganese oxide phase active cathode material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An alkali metal manganese oxide secondary cell is disclosed which can provide a high rate of discharge, good cycling capabilities, good stability of the cathode material, high specific energy (energy per unit of weight) and high energy density (energy per unit volume). The active material in the anode is an alkali metal and the active material in the cathode comprises an orthorhombic alkali metal manganese oxide which undergoes intercalation and deintercalation without a change in phase, resulting in a substantially linear change in voltage with change in the state of charge of the cell. The active material in the cathode is an orthorhombic structure having the formula M.sub.x Z.sub.y Mn.sub.(1-y) O.sub.2, where M is an alkali metal; Z is a metal capable of substituting for manganese in the orthorhombic structure such as iron, cobalt or titanium; x ranges from about 0.2 in the fully charged state to about 0.75 in the fully discharged state, and y ranges from 0 to 60 atomic %. Preferably, the cell is constructed with a solid electrolyte, but a liquid or gelatinous electrolyte may also be used in the cell.

Doeff, Marca M. (Hayward, CA); Peng, Marcus Y. (Cupertino, CA); Ma, Yanping (Albany, CA); Visco, Steven J. (Berkeley, CA); DeJonghe, Lutgard C. (Lafayette, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Gas phase spectroscopy of alkali carbides: The pure rotational spectrum of KC ,,X 4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

observation of potassium carbide, and of any alkali metal carbide species. The molecule was produced under d, and possible ways to better activate C­C and C­H bonds.1 Investigating metal carbide species also can lead- faces. Finally, it has recently been suggested that adding metal carbides to H2 may provide high energy

Ziurys, Lucy M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alkali flat area" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Transport of Alkali Halides through a Liquid Organic Membrane Containing a Ditopic Salt-Binding Receptor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the solid state as contact ion pairs. Transport experiments, using a supported liquid membrane and high saltTransport of Alkali Halides through a Liquid Organic Membrane Containing a Ditopic Salt and anion receptors. All transport systems exhibit the same qualitative order of ion selectivity; that is

Smith, Bradley D.

282

Oxygen production by molten alkali metal salts using multiple absorption-desorption cycles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A continuous chemical air separation is performed wherein oxygen is recovered with a molten alkali metal salt oxygen acceptor in a series of absorption zones which are connected to a plurality of desorption zones operated in separate parallel cycles with the absorption zones. A greater recovery of high pressure oxygen is achieved at reduced power requirements and capital costs.

Cassano, Anthony A. (Allentown, PA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Secondary cell with orthorhombic alkali metal/manganese oxide phase active cathode material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An alkali metal manganese oxide secondary cell is disclosed which can provide a high rate of discharge, good cycling capabilities, good stability of the cathode material, high specific energy (energy per unit of weight) and high energy density (energy per unit volume). The active material in the anode is an alkali metal and the active material in the cathode comprises an orthorhombic alkali metal manganese oxide which undergoes intercalation and deintercalation without a change in phase, resulting in a substantially linear change in voltage with change in the state of charge of the cell. The active material in the cathode is an orthorhombic structure having the formula M{sub x}Z{sub y}Mn{sub (1{minus}y)}O{sub 2}, where M is an alkali metal; Z is a metal capable of substituting for manganese in the orthorhombic structure such as iron, cobalt or titanium; x ranges from about 0.2 in the fully charged state to about 0.75 in the fully discharged state, and y ranges from 0 to 60 atomic %. Preferably, the cell is constructed with a solid electrolyte, but a liquid or gelatinous electrolyte may also be used in the cell. 11 figs.

Doeff, M.M.; Peng, M.Y.; Ma, Y.; Visco, S.J.; DeJonghe, L.C.

1996-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

284

Microbial reverse-electrodialysis chemical-production cell for acid and alkali production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microbial reverse-electrodialysis chemical-production cell for acid and alkali production Xiuping Accepted 7 March 2013 Available online 15 March 2013 Keywords: Microbial fuel cell Reverse electrodialysis Bioenergy A new type of bioelectrochemical system, called a microbial reverse-electrodialysis chemical

285

The role of alumina on performance of alkali-activated slag paste exposed to 50 C  

SciTech Connect

The strength and microstructural evolution of two alkali-activated slags, with distinct alumina content, exposed to 50 C have been investigated. These two slags are ground-granulated blast furnace slag (containing 13% (wt.) alumina) and phosphorous slag (containing 3% (wt.) alumina). They were hydrated in the presence of a combination of sodium hydroxide and sodium silicate solution at different ratios. The microstructure of the resultant slag pastes was assessed by X-ray diffraction, differential thermogravimetric analysis, and scanning electron microscopy. The results obtained from these techniques reveal the presence of hexagonal hydrates: CAH{sub 10} and C{sub 4}AH{sub 13} in all alkali-activated ground-granulated blast-furnace slag pastes (AAGBS). These hydrates are not observed in pastes formed by alkali-activated ground phosphorous slag (AAGPS). Upon exposure to 50 C, the aforementioned hydration products of AAGBS pastes convert to C{sub 3}AH{sub 6}, leading to a rapid deterioration in the strength of the paste. In contrast, no strength loss was detected in AAGPS pastes following exposure to 50 C. -- Highlights: Strength of alkali-activated slag (AAS) pastes after exposure to 50 C is studied. AAS pastes with high alumina content lose strength after the exposure. C{sub 4}AH{sub 13} and CAH{sub 10} form in these AAS pastes. Conversion of these calcium alumina hydrates is associated with the strength loss. AAS pastes with low alumina content maintain its strength after the exposure.

Jambunathan, N. [Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia)] [Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia); Sanjayan, J.G. [Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Victoria (Australia)] [Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Victoria (Australia); Pan, Z., E-mail: zhu.pan@monash.edu [Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia); Li, G. [School of Mechanical and Chemical Engineering, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009 (Australia)] [School of Mechanical and Chemical Engineering, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009 (Australia); Liu, Y. [School of Geosciences and Info-Physics, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China)] [School of Geosciences and Info-Physics, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China); Korayem, A.H.; Duan, W.H.; Collins, F. [Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia)] [Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

286

Alignment of molecules in gaseous transport: Alkali dimers in supersonic nozzle beams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alignment of molecules in gaseous transport: Alkali dimers in supersonic nozzle beams M. P. SinhaO) + a.P lcosO), where 0 is the angle between the angular momentum vector J of the molecule and the beam direction. This method is applied to determine the alignment of Na2 molecules in a supersonic nozzle beam

Zare, Richard N.

287

He polarization-dependent EPR frequency shifts of alkali-metal3 Earl Babcock,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3 He polarization-dependent EPR frequency shifts of alkali-metal­3 He pairs Earl Babcock,1 Ian A-dependent measurements of the EPR frequency shifts for Na, K, and Rb interacting with polarized 3 He. K and Na frequency also allowed us to extend the measured temperature dependence of the Rb EPR frequency shifts up to 350

Walker, Thad G.

288

Oxygen production by molten alkali metal salts using multiple absorption-desorption cycles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A continuous chemical air separation is performed wherein oxygen is recovered with a molten alkali metal salt oxygen acceptor in a series of absorption zones which are connected to a plurality of desorption zones operated in separate parallel cycles with the absorption zones. A greater recovery of high pressure oxygen is achieved at reduced power requirements and capital costs. 3 figs.

Cassano, A.A.

1985-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

289

Production of Benzene Polycarboxylic Acids from Lignite by Alkali-Oxygen Oxidation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Production of Benzene Polycarboxylic Acids from Lignite by Alkali-Oxygen Oxidation ... The oxidation of coal to produce high-valued benzene polycarboxylic acids (BPCAs), which are obtained currently from diminishing petroleum reserves, is a promising industrial process of the future. ...

Wenhua Wang; Yucui Hou; Weize Wu; Muge Niu; Weina Liu

2012-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

290

Technical safety appraisal: Buildings 776/777 Rocky Flats Plant  

SciTech Connect

Buildings 776/777 at the Rocky Flats Plant are major components of the production complex at the plant site. They have been in operation since 1957. The operations taking place in the buildings are nuclear weapons production support, processing of weapons assemblies returned from Pantex, waste processing, research and development in support of production, special projects, and those generated by support groups, such as maintenance. The appraisal team identified nine deficiencies that it believed required prompt attention. DOE management for EH, the program office (Defense Programs), and the field office analyzed the information provided by the appraisal team and instituted compensatory measures for closer monitoring of contractor activities by knowledgeable DOE staff and staff from other sites. Concurrently, the contractor was requested to address both short-term and long-term remedial measures to correct the identified issues as well as the underlying problems. The contractor has provided his action plan, which is included. This plan was under evaluation by EH and the DOE program office at the time this report was prepared. In addressing the major areas of concern identified above, a well as the specific deficiencies identified by the appraisal team, the contractor and the field office are cautioned to search for the root causes for the problems and to direct corrective actions to those root causes rather than solely to the symptoms to assure the sustainability of the improvements being made. The results of prior TSAs led DOE to conclude that previous corrective actions were not sufficient in that a large number of the individual findings are recurrent. Pending completion of remedial actions over the next few months, enhanced DOE oversight of the contractor is warranted.

Field, H C

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Historical Exposures to Chemicals at the Rocky Flats Nuclear Weapons Plant: A Pilot Retrospective Exposure Assessment  

SciTech Connect

In a mortality study of white males who had worked at the Rocky Flats Nuclear Weapons Plant between 1952 and 1979, an increased number of deaths from benign and unspecified intracranial neoplasms was found. A case-control study nested within this cohort investigated the hypothesis that an association existed between brain tumor death and exposure to either internally deposited plutonium or external ionizing radiation. There was no statistically significant association found between estimated radiation exposure from internally deposited plutonium and the development of brain tumors. Exposure by job or work area showed no significant difference between the cohort and the control groups. An update of the study found elevated risk estimates for (1) all lymphopoietic neoplasms, and (2) all causes of death in employees with body burdens greater than or equal to two nanocuries of plutonium. There was an excess of brain tumors for the entire cohort. Similar cohort studies conducted on worker populations from other plutonium handling facilities have not yet shown any elevated risks for brain tumors. Historically, the Rocky Flats Nuclear Weapons Plant used large quantities of chemicals in their production operations. The use of solvents, particularly carbon tetrachloride, was unique to Rocky Flats. No investigation of the possible confounding effects of chemical exposures was done in the initial studies. The objectives of the present study are to (1) investigate the history of chemical use at the Rocky Flats facility; (2) locate and analyze chemical monitoring information in order to assess employee exposure to the chemicals that were used in the highest volume; and (3) determine the feasibility of establishing a chemical exposure assessment model that could be used in future epidemiology studies.

Janeen Denise Robertson

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Implementation of IAEA safeguards at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site  

SciTech Connect

When President Clinton spoke to the United Nations General Assembly in September 1993, he offered to place US excess defense nuclear material under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards, before the next Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) Extension Conference. This set in motion a flurry of activities at three DOE facilities, including Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (Site). With general guidance from DOE Headquarters, the facility selected a suitable storage area, identified appropriate materials, and acquired the necessary instrumentation to implement full-scale IAEA safeguards on excess plutonium oxide.

Giacomini, J.J.; Finleon, C.A.; Larsen, R.K. [EG and G Rocky Flats, Inc., Golden, CO (United States). Rocky Flats Plant; Lucas, M.; Langner, D. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

High temperature alkali corrosion of ceramics in coal gas. Quarterly progress report No. 6, December 1, 1992--February 28, 1993  

SciTech Connect

The high temperature alkali corrosion kinetics of SiC have been systematically investigated from 950 to 1100{degrees}C at 0.63 vol % alkali vapor concentration. The corrosion rate in the presence of alkaliis approximately 10{sup 4} to 10{sup 5} times faster than the oxidation rate of SiC in air. The activation energy associated with the alkali corrosion is 406 kJ/mol, indicating a highly temperature-dependent reaction rate. The rate-controlling step of the overall reaction is likely to be the dissolution of silica in the sodium silicate liquid, based on the oxygen diffusivity data.

Pickrell, G.R.; Sun, T.; Brown, J.J.

1992-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

294

Deleterious Reactions of Aggregate With Alkalis in Concrete  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...CN Tower, Toronto/CA), office skyscrapers (e.g., Burj Khalifa, Dubai/UAE), theatres (e.g., Opera House, Sydney/AU), hotels and casinos (e.g., Marina Bay Area, Singapore/SG), nuclear power plants, oil and gas...

Maarten A.T.M. Broekmans

295

Analysis of seismic fractures using multicomponent VSP in the Bartlett Flat area, Utah  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Consider the second-rank tensor Rewrite equation (2. 5) in the form C;ki Okapi = 1; (2 6) (r, , -pv'f, . )u =0 (2 7) This shows that u is the eigenvector of the symmetric tensor I, and pv is the 2 eigenvalue. Non-tnvial solutions of equation (2. 7...-direction and the other is parallel to y2. The seismic wavelets of both sources are assumed to be f(t) . The impulse response of the medium parallel to qi-direction is Ii(t) and parallel to q2 is I2(l) . We can represent the S-wave response in the natural coordinates...

Yuh, Sung Hwan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

296

GIS surface effects archive of underground nuclear detonations conducted at Yucca Flat and Pahute Mesa, Nevada Test Site, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a new comprehensive, digital archive of more than 40 years of geologic surface effects maps produced at individual detonation sites throughout the Yucca Flat and Pahute Mesa nuclear testing areas of the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada. The Geographic Information System (GIS) surface effects map archive on CD-ROM (this report) comprehensively documents the surface effects of underground nuclear detonations conducted at two of the most extensively used testing areas of the Nevada Test Site. Between 1951 and 1992, numerous investigators of the U.S. Geological Survey, the Los Alamos National Laboratory, the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and the Defense Threat Reduction Agency meticulously mapped the surface effects caused by underground nuclear testing. Their work documented the effects of more than seventy percent of the underground nuclear detonations conducted at Yucca Flat and all of the underground nuclear detonations conducted at Pahute Mesa.

Grasso, D.N.

2001-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

297

Rocky Flats Site Expands Solar Power for Treating Groundwater | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rocky Flats Site Expands Solar Power for Treating Groundwater Rocky Flats Site Expands Solar Power for Treating Groundwater Rocky Flats Site Expands Solar Power for Treating Groundwater April 17, 2013 - 1:26pm Addthis Subcontractor personnel install solar panels and other infrastructure on a 40-foot conex box that houses the batteries and control equipment for the 6 kilowatt photovoltaic system that powers the ETPTS groundwater treatment system. Subcontractor personnel install solar panels and other infrastructure on a 40-foot conex box that houses the batteries and control equipment for the 6 kilowatt photovoltaic system that powers the ETPTS groundwater treatment system. DOE was able to minimize impacts to the habitat of a federally protected mouse and provide the potential for relatively easy relocation by mounting the solar panels on the side of the conex box that houses the batteries and other system equipment.

298

Flat-Plate Photovoltaic Module Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Module Basics Module Basics Flat-Plate Photovoltaic Module Basics August 20, 2013 - 4:25pm Addthis Flat-plate photovoltaic (PV) modules are made of several components, including the front surface materials, encapsulant, rear surface, and frame. Front Surface Materials The front surface of a flat-plate PV module must have a high transmission in the wavelengths that can be used by the solar cells in the module. For example, for silicon solar cells, the top surface must have high transmission of light with wavelengths from 350 to 1200 nm. Also, reflection from the front surface should be minimal. An antireflection coating added to the top surface can greatly reduce the reflection of sunlight, and texturing of the surface can cause light that strikes the surface to stay within the cells. Unfortunately, these textured

299

Flat plate solar collector with a cantilevered mirror  

SciTech Connect

The use of flat booster mirrors with flat plate collectors provides moderate solar flux concentration and enhanced performance especially when the mirrors are seasonally adjusted. Curved mirrors provide higher flux concentration and a practical system has been developed where the booster mirror is bent elastically. The system employs a single cantilever mirror which is located below a conventional flat plate collector. The mirror is clamped at the base of the collector panel and its free end is deflected upward; a smaller deflection is used in the fall and winter than in the spring and summer. The prototype system consists of a 0.9 by 2.5 m collector panel mounted on its side (horizontal fluid flow) and a 2.7 by 2.5 m elastic mirror. The mirror is made with aluminum sheet with an adherent aluminized acrylic film. The system has been designed for mounting on horizontal surfaces at latitudes of 10 to 50/sup 0/.

Cohen, S.; Larson, D.C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Rocky Flats Plant Site Environmental Report, January--December 1990  

SciTech Connect

This report provides information to the public about the impact of the Rocky Flats Plant on the environment and public health. The report contains a compliance summary, a description of environmental monitoring programs, and radiation dose estimates for the surrounding population for the period January 1 through December 31, 1990. An environmental surveillance program has been ongoing at the Rocky Flats Plant since the 1950s. Early programs focused on radiological impacts to the environment. The current program examines potential impacts to air, surface water, groundwater, and soils from radiological and nonradiological sources. Environmental operations at Rocky Flats Plant are under the jurisdiction of several local, state, and federal agencies, most notably the Colorado Department of Health, Environmental Protection Agency, and Department of Energy. A variety of reports are prepared at different intervals for these and other agencies in addition to the annual environmental report.

Cirrincione, D.A.; Costain, D.B. [EG and G Rocky Flats, Inc., Golden, CO (United States). Rocky Flats Plant

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alkali flat area" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Rocky Flats Site Expands Solar Power for Treating Groundwater | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rocky Flats Site Expands Solar Power for Treating Groundwater Rocky Flats Site Expands Solar Power for Treating Groundwater Rocky Flats Site Expands Solar Power for Treating Groundwater April 17, 2013 - 1:26pm Addthis Subcontractor personnel install solar panels and other infrastructure on a 40-foot conex box that houses the batteries and control equipment for the 6 kilowatt photovoltaic system that powers the ETPTS groundwater treatment system. Subcontractor personnel install solar panels and other infrastructure on a 40-foot conex box that houses the batteries and control equipment for the 6 kilowatt photovoltaic system that powers the ETPTS groundwater treatment system. DOE was able to minimize impacts to the habitat of a federally protected mouse and provide the potential for relatively easy relocation by mounting the solar panels on the side of the conex box that houses the batteries and other system equipment.

302

High temperature alkali corrosion of ceramics in coal gas. Quarterly progress report No. 5, September 1, 1992--December 1, 1992  

SciTech Connect

Calcia-stabilized cubic zirconia was mixed with soda, then fired at 840-1100 C. SiC was also reacted with alkali-containing atmosphere at 1000 C.

Pickrell, G.R.; Sun, T.; Brown, J.J

1992-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

303

Convective currents in nucleate pool boiling and their effects on the heat flux from varying diameter flat plate heating elements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

investigation was conducred to amine the effects of convection currents in nucleate oool boil ing and to determine the changes in critical heat flux caused by varying the diameter of horizontal flat olate heating surfaces. Freon 113 (Trichlorotrifluoroethane... by high energy costs and thc need to economize in industrial heat transfer applications . I'nucleate boiling is a very efficient neans of heat transfer because of the large sur ace areas involved in vaporization of the bulk fluid. as bubbles form...

Morford, Peter Stephen

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Trees as indicators of subterranean migration of tritium at a commercial shallow land radioactive waste disposal site. [Maxey Flats, KY  

SciTech Connect

Leaf water and tree sap collected from deciduous trees in a natural forest growing outside the fenced exclusion area of the Maxey Flats Waste Disposal Facility in eastern Kentucky, USA were radiochemically analyzed to detect movement of tritium via subterranean flows of water at depths of three meters. These data indicate that trees can be used to detect the subterranean migration of tritium from shallow land burial sites. 4 references, 5 figures, 1 table.

Rickard, W.H.; Kirby, L.J.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

An assessment of criticality safety at the Department of Energy Rocky Flats Plant, Golden, Colorado, July--September 1989  

SciTech Connect

This is a report on the 1989 independent Criticality Safety Assessment of the Rocky Flats Plant, primarily in response to public concerns that nuclear criticality accidents involving plutonium may have occurred at this nuclear weapon component fabrication and processing plant. The report evaluates environmental issues, fissile material storage practices, ventilation system problem areas, and criticality safety practices. While no evidence of a criticality accident was found, several recommendations are made for criticality safety improvements. 9 tabs.

Not Available

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Note: An ion source for alkali metal implantation beneath graphene and hexagonal boron nitride monolayers on transition metals  

SciTech Connect

The construction of an alkali-metal ion source is presented. It allows the acceleration of rubidium ions to an energy that enables the penetration through monolayers of graphene and hexagonal boron nitride. Rb atoms are sublimated from an alkali-metal dispenser. The ionization is obtained by surface ionization and desorption from a hot high work function surface. The ion current is easily controlled by the temperature of ionizer. Scanning Tunneling Microscopy measurements confirm ion implantation.

Lima, L. H. de [Instituto de Fsica Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 13083-859, Campinas, SP (Brazil)] [Instituto de Fsica Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 13083-859, Campinas, SP (Brazil); Cun, H. Y.; Hemmi, A.; Klin, T.; Greber, T. [Physik-Institut, Universitt Zrich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zrich (Switzerland)] [Physik-Institut, Universitt Zrich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zrich (Switzerland)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

307

Flat Glass Manufacturing Plant EPI | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flat Glass Manufacturing Plant EPI Flat Glass Manufacturing Plant EPI Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder

308

Wave interaction with a fixed vertical flat plate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Hydrofoil definition sketch. The sharp-edged gust problem and the problem of a step-wise cnange in the velocity perpendicular to the foil offers insight into the response of a foil subject to an oscillating fluid. A sharp-edged gust with an initial... forces on a thin flat plate with a standard hydrofoil thickness was determined experimentally in a two-dimensional wave tank. Non-dimensional parameters were plotted and used to evaluate the data. It was shown that lift can be generated on a flat...

Glover, Lanny Bruce

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Rocky Flats Plant site environmental report, January--December 1991  

SciTech Connect

This report provides information to the public about the impact of the Rocky Flats Plant on the environment and public health. The report contains a compliance summary, 4 description of environmental monitoring programs, and radiation dose estimates for the surrounding population for the period January 1 through December 31, 1991. An environmental surveillance program has been ongoing at the Rocky Flats Plant since the 1950s. Early programs focused on radiological impacts to the environment. The current program not only examines potential impacts to air surface water, groundwater, and soils from radiological and nonradiological sources, but also includes ecological studies and environmental remediation programs.

Cirrncione, D.A.; Erdmann, N.L. [eds.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

310

Post-Harvest Processing Methods for Reduction of Silica and Alkali Metals in Wheat Straw  

SciTech Connect

Silica and alkali metals in wheat straw limit its use for bioenergy and gasification. Slag deposits occur via the eutectic melting of SiO2 with K2O, trapping chlorides at surfaces and causing corrosion. A minimum melting point of 950C is desirable, corresponding to SiO2:K2O of about 3:1. Mild chemical treatments were used to reduce Si, K, and Cl, while varying temperature, concentration, %-solids, and time. Dilute acid was more effective at removing K and Cl, while dilute alkali was more effective for Si. Reduction of minerals in this manner may prove economical for increasing utilization of the straw for combustion or gasification.

Thompson, David Neal; Lacey, Jeffrey Alan; Shaw, Peter Gordon

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Electron-gas model for molecular crystals. Application to the alkali and alkaline-earth hydroxides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A theoretical model for calculating the structure and energy of molecular crystals is presented. The model, which requires no empirical parameters, is based on the Gordon-Kim electron-gas model. Many-body effects are incorporated through the mutual overlap of the electronic distributions of all molecules or ions in the neighborhood of a given point in the crystal. Effects of the crystal environment on the molecular properties are approximated by inclusion of an electrostatic potential that mimics the crystal potential in ab initio calculations on the individual component molecules or ions in the crystal. Application is made to a number of alkali and alkaline-earth hydroxide crystals in which the components are taken to be hydroxide ions, and alkali or alkaline-earth cations. The agreement with experiment is good (within 2.5% in lattice constants and 1.1% in lattice dissociation energy). The calculated changes in molecular dipole moment are between 20 and 40%.

R. LeSar and R. G. Gordon

1982-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

312

The 3-Dimensional q-Deformed Harmonic Oscillator and Magic Numbers of Alkali Metal Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magic numbers predicted by a 3-dimensional q-deformed harmonic oscillator with Uq(3) > SOq(3) symmetry are compared to experimental data for alkali metal clusters, as well as to theoretical predictions of jellium models, Woods--Saxon and wine bottle potentials, and to the classification scheme using the 3n+l pseudo quantum number. The 3-dimensional q-deformed harmonic oscillator correctly predicts all experimentally observed magic numbers up to 1500 (which is the expected limit of validity for theories based on the filling of electronic shells), thus indicating that Uq(3), which is a nonlinear extension of the U(3) symmetry of the spherical (3-dimensional isotropic) harmonic oscillator, is a good candidate for being the symmetry of systems of alkali metal clusters.

Bonatsos, Dennis; Raychev, P P; Roussev, R P; Terziev, P A; Bonatsos, Dennis

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Alkali Metal Control over NN Cleavage in Iron Complexes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose that the reaction of 1-Na with benzene is slower because the mechanism is different; after all, there are not enough Fe sites to accept the six electrons from two N3 to reform N2 in the mechanism followed by 1-K and 1-Rb. ... Therefore, extreme care must be taken when synthesizing and handling these alkali graphite reductants! ... This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health (GM065313) and Yale University. ...

Katarzyna Grubel; William W. Brennessel; Brandon Q. Mercado; Patrick L. Holland

2014-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

314

Electrochemical cell with negative active material based on an alkali or alkaline earth metal  

SciTech Connect

In an electrochemical cell the negative active material is an alkali or alkaline earth metal, such as lithium, and the electrolyte comprises a solute and at least one solvent selected from the liquid oxyhalides and which serves also as the positive active material. The electrolyte further comprises a mineral substance the effect of which is to significantly reduce the voltage rise delay of the cell.

Vallin, D.; Chenebault, P.; Grassien, J.-V.; Kerouanton, A.

1985-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

315

Alkali or alkaline earth metal promoted catalyst and a process for methanol synthesis using alkali or alkaline earth metals as promoters  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a novel route for the synthesis of methanol, and more specifically to the production of methanol by contacting synthesis gas under relatively mild conditions in a slurry phase with a heterogeneous catalyst comprising reduced copper chromite impregnated with an alkali or alkaline earth metal. There is thus no need to add a separate alkali or alkaline earth compound. The present invention allows the synthesis of methanol to occur in the temperature range of approximately 100--160 C and the pressure range of 40--65 atm. The process produces methanol with up to 90% syngas conversion per pass and up to 95% methanol selectivity. The only major by-product is a small amount of easily separated methyl formate. Very small amounts of water, carbon dioxide and dimethyl ether are also produced. The present catalyst combination also is capable of tolerating fluctuations in the H[sub 2]/CO ratio without major deleterious effect on the reaction rate. Furthermore, carbon dioxide and water are also tolerated without substantial catalyst deactivation.

Tierney, J.W.; Wender, I.; Palekar, V.M.

1995-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

316

Research Areas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Areas Areas Research Areas Print Scientists from a wide variety of fields come to the ALS to perform experiements. Listed below are some of the most common research areas covered by ALS beamlines. Below each heading are a few examples of the specific types of topics included in that category. Click on a heading to learn more about that research area at the ALS. Energy Science Photovoltaics, photosynthesis, biofuels, energy storage, combustion, catalysis, carbon capture/sequestration. Bioscience General biology, structural biology. Materials/Condensed Matter Correlated materials, nanomaterials, magnetism, polymers, semiconductors, water, advanced materials. Physics Atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) physics; accelerator physics. Chemistry Surfaces/interfaces, catalysts, chemical dynamics (gas-phase chemistry), crystallography, physical chemistry.

317

Influence of the Earth's magnetic field on large area photomultipliers  

SciTech Connect

The influence of the Earth's magnetic field on large area photomultipliers proposed for a future deep sea neutrino telescope was studied under the EU-funded KM3NeT design study. The aims were to evaluate variations in PMT performance in the Earth's magnetic field and to decide whether the use of magnetic shielding is necessary. Measurements were performed on three Hamamatsu PMTs: two 8-inch R5912 types, one of these with super-bi-alkali photocathode, and a 10-inch R7081 type with a standard bi-alkali photocathode. The various characteristics of the PMTs were measured while varying the PMT orientations with respect to the Earth's magnetic field, both with and without a mu-metal cage as magnetic shield. In the 8-inch PMTs the impact of the magnetic field was found to be smaller than that on the 10-inch PMT. The increased quantum efficiency in the 8 super-bi-alkali PMT almost compensated its smaller detection surface compared to the 10' PMT. No significant effects were measured upon transit time and the fraction of spurious pulses. (authors)

Leonora, E.; Aiello, S. [INFN - National Inst. of Nuclear Physics, Section of Catania, CO Via Santa Sofia 64, 95123 Catania (Italy); Leotta, G. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy of Catania, CO Via Santa Sofia 64, 95123 Catania (Italy)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Windy Flats(3Q09 portion) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Windy Flats(3Q09 portion) Windy Flats(3Q09 portion) Jump to: navigation, search Name Windy Flats(3Q09 portion) Facility Windy Flats(3Q09 portion) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Cannon Power Group Developer Cannon Power Group Location North shore of Columbia River Coordinates 45.699622°, -120.774622° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.699622,"lon":-120.774622,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

319

Differentially Flat Trajectory Generation for a Dynamically Stable Mobile Robot  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the ballbot, a dynamically stable mobile robot which balances on a single spherical wheel. To this end, assumptions are made to form the system as differentially flat, and a method of deriving feasible trajectories, dynamically stable mobile robot. It is a human-sized robot that balances on a single spherical wheel

320

Science in a Flat World (George B. Pegram Lecture Series)  

SciTech Connect

Lane discusses the changes that have taken place in the world since World War II that have made it "flatter," referring to Thomas L. Friedman's book, The World is Flat. Friedman's main premise is that inexpensive telecommunications is bringing about unhampered international competition, the demise of economic stability, and a trend toward outsourcing services, such as computer programming, engineering and science research.

Lane, Neal (former Science Advisor to President Billl Clinton) [former Science Advisor to President Billl Clinton

2006-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alkali flat area" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Rocky Flats Cleanup Agreement implementation successes and challenges  

SciTech Connect

On July 19, 1996 the US Department of Energy (DOE), State of Colorado (CDPHE), and US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) entered into an agreement called the Rocky Flats Cleanup Agreement (RFCA) for the cleanup and closure of the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS or Rocky Flats). Major elements of the agreement include: an Integrated Site-Wide Baseline; up to twelve significant enforceable milestones per year; agreed upon soil and water action levels and standards for cleanup; open space as the likely foreseeable land use; the plutonium and TRU waste removed by 2015; streamlined regulatory process; agreement with the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) to coordinate activities; and a risk reduction focus. Successful implementation of RFCA requires a substantial effort by the parties to change their way of thinking about RFETS and meet the deliverables and commitments. Substantial progress toward Site closure through the implementation of RFCA has been accomplished in the short time since the signing, yet much remains to be done. Much can be learned from the Rocky Flats experience by other facilities in similar situations.

Shelton, D.C.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

No Open or Flat Bouncing Cosmologies in Einstein Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that bouncing open or flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker cosmologies are inconsistent with worldsheet string theory to first approximation. Specifically, the Virasoro constraint translates to the null energy condition in spacetime at leading order in the alpha-prime expansion. Thus one must go beyond minimally-coupled Einstein gravity in order to find bounce solutions.

Parikh, Maulik K

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Remediation of the Maxey Flats Site. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report describes issues associated with remedial action of Maxey Flats, a low-level radioactive waste disposal site from 1963-1977, located in Fleming County, Kentucky. Present remedial action alternatives being considered are discussed along with emergency plans, ground water monitoring plans, and budgets.

Not Available

1990-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

324

Characterization of plutonium in Maxey Flats radioactive trench leachates  

SciTech Connect

Plutonium in trench leachates at the Maxey Flats radioactive waste disposal site exists as dissolved species, primarily complexes of the tetravalent ion with strong organic ligands such as ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. The complexes are not sorbed well by sediment and are only partly precipitated by ferric hydroxide. These results indicate the importance of isolating radioactive waste from organic matter. 3 tables.

Cleveland, J.M.; Rees, T.F.

1981-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

325

Geochemistry of trench leachates from Maxey Flats disposal site  

SciTech Connect

The results of the analysis of trench leachates collected at Maxey Flats in October 1981 are presented, and the geochemical factors controlling the trench water chemistry are discussed. In addition, results of laboratory oxidation experiments performed on trench leachates, simulating the behavior of anoxic trench waters as they encounter upon migration an oxidizing environment, are presented.

Dayal, R.; Pietrzak, R.F.; Clinton, J.; Kinsley, M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Hydrogeologic characterization report for the Rocky Flats environmental technology site  

SciTech Connect

The Denver groundwater basin encompasses approximately 6,700 square miles, extending east from the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains. This structural basin contains four Cretaceous bedrock aquifers overlain by a regional Quaternary alluvial aquifer. The Rocky Flats Site is located on the northwest margin of the basin. The shallow groundwater system at the Rocky Flats Site is divided into upper and lower hydrostratigraphic units (UHSU and LHSU, respectively). The UHSU at the Rocky Flats site comprises Quaternary alluvium, colluvium, valley-fill alluvium, artificial fill, weathered bedrock of the undifferentiated Arapahoe and Laramie formations and all sandstones that are hydraulically connected with overlying surficial groundwater. The LHSU comprises unweathered claystone with interbedded siltstones and sandstones of the undifferentiated Arapahoe and Laramie formations. The contact separating the UHSU and LHSU is identified as the base of the weathered zone. The separation of hydrostratigraphic units is supported by the contrasting permeabilities of the units comprising the UHSU and LHSU, well hydrograph data indicating that the units respond differently to seasonal recharge events, and geochemical data reflecting distinct major ion chemistries in the groundwaters of the UHSU and LHSU. Surface-water/groundwater interactions at the Rocky Flats site generally respond to seasonal fluctuations in precipitation, recharge, groundwater storage, and stream and ditch flow. Effluent conditions are dominant in the spring along western stream segments and influent conditions are common in the late summer and fall along most stream reaches.

Reeder, D.C.; Burcar, S. [S.M. Stoller Corp., Boulder, CO (United States); Smith, R. [RMRS, Golden, CO (United States)] [and others

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

327

Site wide integration of the Rocky Flats closure project  

SciTech Connect

The prime contractor for the Rocky Flats Closure Project (RFCP), Kaiser-Hill, in concert with the Department of Energy--Rocky Flats Field Office (DOE-RFFO) has applied a fully integrated, life-cycle, critical path schedule and work planning system to manage the work that is required to close the Site. The closure of the Site is complex, in that it houses over 700 facilities, 19,600 kilograms of Special Nuclear Material (Plutonium and Uranium), and over 160,000 cubic meters of Transuranic, Low Level, and Hazardous Waste. The deactivation, decommissioning, decontaminating, and demolition of this large number of facilities, while at the same time accommodating difficult on-going activities, significantly increases the sophistication required in the planning process. The Rocky Flats team has overcome these difficulties by establishing a money oriented critical path process, to provide a least-cost avenue to supporting on-going activities and a line-of-balance process for production oriented activities. These processes, when integrated with a typical activity-based project planning system, guide the way to the shortest and most cost-effective course for the closure of the Rocky Flats Site.

Burdge, L.F.; Golan, P.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

TGS measurements of pyrochemical salts at Rocky Flats  

SciTech Connect

A new skid-mounted tomographic gamma scanner (TGS) was designed to assist in the decommissioning of Rocky Flats Building 37 1, This instrument was used to assay pyrochemical salts as a prerequisite for disposal at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). The following paper discusses measurement challenges and results from the first year of operation of the instrument.

Mercer, D. J. (David J.); Hansen, J. S. (J. Steven); Lestone, J. P. (John P.); Prettyman, T. H. (Thomas H.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Adsorption study for uranium in Rocky Flats groundwater  

SciTech Connect

Six adsorbents were studied to determine their effectiveness in removing uranium in Rocky Flats groundwater. The bench column and batch (Kd) tests showed that uranium can be removed (>99.9%) by four adsorbents. Bone Charcoal (R1O22); F-1 Alumina (granular activated alumina); BIOFIX (immobilized biological agent); SOPBPLUS (mixed metal oxide); Filtrasorb 300 (granular activated carbon); and Zeolite (clinoptilolite).

Laul, J.C.; Rupert, M.C. [EG and G Rocky Flats, Inc., Golden, CO (United States); Harris, M.J. [Science Applications International Corp., Golden, CO (United States); Duran, A. [Environmental Protection Agency, Denver, CO (United States)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Interacting generalized Chaplygin gas model in non-flat universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We employ the generalized Chaplygin gas of interacting dark energy to obtain the equation of state for the generalized Chaplygin gas energy density in non-flat universe. By choosing a negative value for $B$ we see that $w_{\\rm \\Lambda}^{eff}< -1$, that corresponds to a universe dominated by phantom dark energy.

M R Setare

2007-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

331

Research Areas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Areas Print Research Areas Print Scientists from a wide variety of fields come to the ALS to perform experiements. Listed below are some of the most common research areas covered by ALS beamlines. Below each heading are a few examples of the specific types of topics included in that category. Click on a heading to learn more about that research area at the ALS. Energy Science Photovoltaics, photosynthesis, biofuels, energy storage, combustion, catalysis, carbon capture/sequestration. Bioscience General biology, structural biology. Materials/Condensed Matter Correlated materials, nanomaterials, magnetism, polymers, semiconductors, water, advanced materials. Physics Atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) physics; accelerator physics. Chemistry Surfaces/interfaces, catalysts, chemical dynamics (gas-phase chemistry), crystallography, physical chemistry.

332

coherence area  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1....In an electromagnetic wave, such as a lightwave or a radio wave, the area of a surface (a) every point on which the surface is perpendicular to the direction of propagation, (b) over which the e...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

E-Print Network 3.0 - area baja california Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Baja Project Types Flat Rolling Hills Rough... Prison Data Sources: ESRI, ESRI Online, Ventyx, B&V RETI Data, World Database on Protected Areas, AWS... TruewindNREL (ANSI Size D)...

334

Role of relative humidity in concrete expansion due to alkali-silica reaction and delayed ettringite formation: relative humidity thresholds, measurement methods, and coatings to mitigate expansion.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Premature concrete deterioration due to alkali-silica reaction (ASR) and delayed ettringite formation (DEF) is a significant problem all over the world. In cases where these (more)

Rust, Charles Karissa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Phase II Transport Model of Corrective Action Unit 98: Frenchman Flat, Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada, Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

This document, the Phase II Frenchman Flat transport report, presents the results of radionuclide transport simulations that incorporate groundwater radionuclide transport model statistical and structural uncertainty, and lead to forecasts of the contaminant boundary (CB) for a set of representative models from an ensemble of possible models. This work, as described in the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) Underground Test Area (UGTA) strategy (FFACO, 1996; amended 2010), forms an essential part of the technical basis for subsequent negotiation of the compliance boundary of the Frenchman Flat corrective action unit (CAU) by Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) and National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO). Underground nuclear testing via deep vertical shafts was conducted at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) from 1951 until 1992. The Frenchman Flat area, the subject of this report, was used for seven years, with 10 underground nuclear tests being conducted. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NNSA/NSO initiated the UGTA Project to assess and evaluate the effects of underground nuclear tests on groundwater at the NTS and vicinity through the FFACO (1996, amended 2010). The processes that will be used to complete UGTA corrective actions are described in the Corrective Action Strategy in the FFACO Appendix VI, Revision No. 2 (February 20, 2008).

Gregg Ruskuaff

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Measurements of Conversion Efficiency for a Flat Plate Thermophotovoltaic System Using a Photonic Cavity Test System  

SciTech Connect

The performance of a 1 cm{sup 2} thermophotovoltaic (TPV) module was recently measured in a photonic cavity test system. A conversion efficiency of 11.7% was measured at a radiator temperature of 1076 C and a module temperature of 29.9 C. This experiment achieved the highest direct measurement of efficiency for an integrated TPV system. Efficiency was calculated from the ratio of the peak (load matched) electrical power output and the heat absorption rate. Measurements of these two parameters were made simultaneously to assure the validity of the measured efficiency value. This test was conducted in a photonic cavity which mimicked a typical flat-plate TPV system. The radiator was a large, flat graphite surface. The module was affixed to the top of a copper pedestal for heat absorption measurements. The heat absorption rate was proportional to the axial temperature gradient in the pedestal under steady-state conditions. The test was run in a vacuum to eliminate conductive and convective heat transfer mechanisms. The photonic cavity provides the optimal test environment for TPV efficiency measurements because it incorporates all important physical phenomena found in an integrated TPV system: high radiator emissivity and blackbody spectral shape, photon recycling, Lambertian distribution of incident radiation and complex geometric effects. Furthermore, the large aspect ratio between radiating surface area and radiator/module spacing produces a view factor approaching unity with minimal photon leakage.

E.J. Brown; C.T. Ballinger; S.R. Burger; G.W. Charache; L.R. Danielson; D.M. DePoy; T.J. Donovan; M. LoCascio

2000-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

337

Reactive barrier technologies for treatment of contaminated groundwater at Rocky Flats  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science and Technology Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area is supporting the investigation of reactive barrier technologies to mitigate the risks associated with mixed organic/radioactive waste at several DOE sites. Groundwater from a small contaminated plume at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) is being used to evaluate passive reactive material treatment. Permeable reactive barriers which intercept contaminants and destroy the VOC component while containing radionuclides are attractive for a number of reasons relating to public and regulatory acceptance. In situ treatment keeps contaminants away from the earth`s surface, there is no above-ground treatment equipment that could expose workers and the public and operational costs are expected to be lower than currently used technologies. This paper will present results from preliminary site characterization and in-field small-scale column testing of reactive materials at RFETS. Successful demonstration is expected to lead to full-scale implementation of the technology at several DOE sites, including Rocky Flats.

Marozas, D.C.; Bujewski, G.E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Castaneda, N. [Rocky Flats Field Office, Golden, CO (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

338

Importance of plutonium contamination on vegetation surfaces at rocky flats, Colorado  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Vegetation samples collected at Rocky Flats, Colorado were ultrasonically washed to remove attached soil and then analyzed for 239, 240Pu and 238Pu. Mean plutonium concentrations for washed grass, forb and shrub samples were 1.12, 0.61, 0.03 pCi/g, respectively. This compared to a mean of 28.6 pCi/g for unwashed vegetation samples from an earlier study conducted in the same area at Rocky Flats. The mean plutonium isotopic ratio (239,240Pu/238Pu) of 27.2 in vegetation was lower than a ratio of 65.4 in soil, indicating possible differential behavior of the plutonium isotopes in vegetation. Soil attachment to above-ground plant parts ranged from 0.0 to 0.25g soil per g plant. The potential for plutonium contamination on plant parts due to soil attachment was estimated to range from 0.0 to 206 pCi/g. Plutonium on vegetation was concluded to be the major contributor to total plutonium associated with vegetation.

W.J. Arthur III; A.W. Alldredge

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Letter Report Yucca Mountain Environmental Monitoring Systems Initiative - Air Quality Scoping Study for Crater Flat, Nye County, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

The Desert Research Institute (DRI) is performing a scoping study as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Yucca Mountain Environmental Monitoring Systems Initiative (EMSI). The main objective is to obtain baseline air quality information for Yucca Mountain and an area surrounding the Nevada Test Site (NTS). Air quality and meteorological monitoring and sampling equipment housed in a mobile trailer (shelter) (cover page figure) is collecting data at eight sites outside the NTS, including Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge (NWR), Beatty, Sarcobatus Flats, Rachel, Caliente, Pahranagat NWR, Crater Flat, and Tonopah Airport, and at four sites on the NTS (Engelbrecht et al., 2007a-d). The trailer is stationed at any one site for approximately eight weeks at a time. This letter report provides a summary of air quality and meteorological data, on completion of the site's sampling program.

J. Engelbrecht; I. Kavouras; D. Campbell; S.Campbell; S. Kohl; D. Shafer

2009-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

340

Letter Report: Yucca Mountain Environmental Monitoring Systems Initiative - Air Quality Scoping Study for Crater Flat, Nye County, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

The Desert Research Institute (DRI) is performing a scoping study as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Yucca Mountain Environmental Monitoring Systems Initiative (EMSI). The main objective is to obtain baseline air quality information for Yucca Mountain and an area surrounding the Nevada Test Site (NTS). Air quality and meteorological monitoring and sampling equipment housed in a mobile trailer (shelter) (cover page figure) is collecting data at eight sites outside the NTS, including Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge (NWR), Beatty, Sarcobatus Flats, Rachel, Caliente, Pahranagat NWR, Crater Flat, and Tonopah Airport, and at four sites on the NTS (Engelbrecht et al., 2007a-d). The trailer is stationed at any one site for approximately eight weeks at a time. This letter report provides a summary of air quality and meteorological data, on completion of the site's sampling program.

J. Engelbrecht; I. Kavouras; D. Campbell; S. Campbell; S. Kohl; D. Shafer

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alkali flat area" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Integrated Weed Control for Land Stewardship at Legacy Management's Rocky Flats Site in Colorado - 13086  

SciTech Connect

Land stewardship is one of nine sustainability programs in the U.S. Department of Energy's Environmental Management System. Land stewardship includes maintaining and improving ecosystem health. At the Rocky Flats Site near Westminster, Colorado, land stewardship is an integral component of the Office of Legacy Management's post-closure monitoring and management at the site. Nearly 263 hectares (650 acres) were disturbed and re-vegetated during site cleanup and closure operations. Proactive management of revegetation areas is critical to the successful reestablishment of native grasslands, wetlands, and riparian communities. The undisturbed native plant communities that occur at the site also require active management to maintain the high-quality wetlands and other habitats that are home to numerous species of birds and other wildlife such as elk and deer, rare plant communities, and the federally listed threatened Preble's meadow jumping mouse. Over the past several decades, an increase of Noxious weeds has impacted much of Colorado's Front Range. As a result, weed control is a key component of the land stewardship program at Rocky Flats. Thirty-three species of state-listed Noxious weeds are known to occur in the Central and Peripheral Operable Units at Rocky Flats, along with another five species that are considered invasive at the site. Early detection and rapid response to control new invasive species is crucial to the program. An integrated weed control/vegetation management approach is key to maintaining healthy, sustainable plant communities that are able to resist Noxious weed invasions. Weed mapping, field surveys, and field-staff training sessions (to learn how to identify new potential problem species) are conducted to help detect and prevent new weed problems. The integrated approach at Rocky Flats includes administrative and cultural techniques (prevention), mechanical controls, biological controls, and chemical controls. Several species of biocontrol insects have been released to assist with control of different target weed species. Monitoring is conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of control efforts and to provide information for future control efforts. The effective implementation of this integrated approach has reduced the infestation levels of many species and has kept several newly discovered invasive species from spreading and becoming larger problems at the site. (authors)

Nelson, Jody K. [Stoller LMS Team, Contractor to the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management, 11025 Dover Street, Suite 1000, Westminster, Colorado 80021 (United States)] [Stoller LMS Team, Contractor to the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management, 11025 Dover Street, Suite 1000, Westminster, Colorado 80021 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Health Surveillance Outcomes in Former Rocky Flats Radiation Workers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Surveillance of Rocky Flats Radiation Workers Surveillance of Rocky Flats Radiation Workers Janice P. Watkins 1 , Elizabeth D. Ellis 1 , F. Joseph Furman 2 , Roger B. Falk 2 , Joe M. Aldrich 2 , and Donna L. Cragle 1 ORAU Technical Report # 2006-0408 1 Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, Center for Epidemiologic Research; P.O. Box 117; Oak Ridge, TN 37831-0117 2 Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, Center for Epidemiologic Research; 9950 W. 80 th Avenue, Suite 17; Arvada, CO 80005-3914 This report was funded by Department of Energy Environmental Health Division under contract number DE-AC05-00OR22750. Table of Contents List of Figures.................................................................................................................2 List of Tables

343

East Flat Rock, North Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flat Rock, North Carolina: Energy Resources Flat Rock, North Carolina: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 35.2801166°, -82.4220631° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.2801166,"lon":-82.4220631,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

344

Big Flats, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flats, Wisconsin: Energy Resources Flats, Wisconsin: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 44.111913°, -89.8079032° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.111913,"lon":-89.8079032,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

345

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Rocky Flats Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Archive Archive Rocky Flats Site, Colorado Key Document Archive All documents are Adobe Acrobat files. pdf_icon NEPA - Rocky Flats Surface Water Configuration Environmental Assessment (EA) Site-Specific Uranium Standards Petition Site Surveillance and Maintenance Reports Quarterly Reports 2013 3rd Quarter 2nd Quarter Overview 1st Quarter Overview 2012 3rd Quarter Overview 2nd Quarter Overview 1st Quarter Overview 2011 3rd Quarter Overview 2nd Quarter Overview 1st Quarter Overview 2010 3rd Ouarter Overview 2nd Ouarter Overview 1st Quarter Overview 2009 1st Quarter Overview 2nd Ouarter Overview 3rd Quarter Overview 2008 1st Quarter Overview 2nd Quarter Overview 3rd Quarter Overview 2007 1st Quarter Overview 2nd Quarter Overview 3rd Quarter Overview 2006

346

Plane-parallel waves as duals of the flat background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give a classification of non-Abelian T-duals of the flat metric in D=4 dimensions with respect to the four-dimensional continuous subgroups of the Poincare group. After dualizing the flat background, we identify majority of dual models as conformal sigma models in plane-parallel wave backgrounds, most of them having torsion. We give their form in Brinkmann coordinates. We find, besides the plane-parallel waves, several diagonalizable curved metrics with nontrivial scalar curvature and torsion. Using the non-Abelian T-duality, we find general solution of the classical field equations for all the sigma models in terms of d'Alembert solutions of the wave equation.

Ladislav Hlavaty; Ivo Petr

2014-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

347

Actinide solution processing at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA), DOE/EA-1039, for radioactive solution removal and processing at Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site, Golden, Colorado. The proposal for solution removal and processing is in response to independent safety assessments and an agreement with the State of Colorado to remove mixed residues at Rocky Flats and reduce the risk of future accidents. Monthly public meetings were held during the scoping and preparation of the EA. The scope of the EA included evaluations of alternative methods and locations of solution processing. A comment period from February 20, 1995 through March 21, 1995 was provided to the public and the State of Colorado to offer written comment on the EA. Comments were received from the State of Colorado and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. A response to the agency comments is included in the Final EA.

NONE

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Colorado and the Accelerated Cleanup at Rocky Flats  

SciTech Connect

When the Rocky Flats closure project was declared complete in October 2005, it was the largest environmental cleanup to date. Even more impressive, it was ahead of schedule and well under budget. Several factors combined to produce this success including a performance-based contract with financial incentives, development and application of innovative technologies, and a regulator-backed accelerated approach to the cleanup process. The factor in this success in which the State of Colorado had the largest role was in developing and enforcing the Rocky Flats Cleanup Agreement. In compliance with this agreement, cleanup was accomplished by means of multiple interim actions that led to a comprehensive final decision at the end. A key element that allowed the accelerated cleanup was constant consultation among DOE, its contractor, and the regulators plus collaboration with stakeholders. (authors)

Spreng, C. [Public Health and Environment, Colorado Dept., Denver, CO (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Polymer solidification of mixed wastes at the Rocky Flats Plant  

SciTech Connect

The Rocky Flats Plant is pursuing polymer solidification as a viable treatment option for several mixed waste streams that are subject to land disposal restrictions within the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act provisions. Tests completed to date using both surrogate and actual wastes indicate that polyethylene microencapsulation is a viable treatment option for several mixed wastes at the Rocky Flats Plant, including nitrate salts, sludges, and secondary wastes such as ash. Treatability studies conducted on actual salt waste demonstrated that the process is capable of producing waste forms that comply with all applicable regulatory criteria, including the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure. Tests have also been conducted to evaluate the feasibility of macroencapsulating certain debris wastes in polymers. Several methods and plastics have been tested for macroencapsulation, including post-consumer recycle and regrind polyethylene.

Faucette, A.M.; Logsdon, B.W.; Lucerna, J.J.; Yudnich, R.J.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Facility overview for commercial application of selected Rocky Flats facilities  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Facility Overview is to support the Rocky Flats Local Impacts Initiative`s Request for Interest, to solicit interest from commercial corporations for utilizing buildings 865 and 883, and the equipment contained within each building, for a commercial venture. In the following sections, this document describes the Rocky Flats Site, the buildings available for lease, the equipment within these buildings, the site services available to a tenant, the human resources available to support operations in buildings 865 and 883, and the environmental condition of the buildings and property. In addition, a brief description is provided of the work performed to date to explore the potential products that might be manufactured in Buildings 865 and 883, and the markets for these products.

NONE

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Implementing DOE guidance for hazards assessments at Rocky Flats Plant  

SciTech Connect

Hazards Assessments are performed for a variety of activities and facilities at Rocky Flats Plant. Prior to 1991, there was no guidance for performing Hazards Assessments. Each organization that performed Hazards Assessments used its own methodology with no attempt at standardization. In 1991, DOE published guidelines for the performance of Hazards Assessments for Emergency Planning (DOE-EPG-5500.1, ``Guidance for a Hazards Assessment Methodology``). Subsequently, in 1992, DOE published a standard for the performance of Hazards Assessments (DOE-STD-1027-92, ``Hazard Categorization and Accident Analysis, Techniques for Compliance with DOE Order 5480.23, Nuclear Safety Analysis Reports``). Although these documents are a step in the direction of standardization, there remains a great deal of interpretation and subjective implementation in the performance of Hazards Assessments. Rocky Flats Plant has initiated efforts to develop a uniform and standard process to be used for Hazards Assessments.

Zimmerman, G.A.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Review and reconnaissance of the hydrogeology of Tertiary sedimentary rocks in the vicinity of Frenchman Flat, Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect

Work is currently underway within the Underground Test Area (UGTA) subproject of the US Department of Energy/Nevada Operations Office Environmental Restoration Program to develop corrective action plans in support of the overall corrective action strategy for the Nevada Test Site (NTS) as established in the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO, 1996). A closure plan is currently being developed for Frenchman Flat, which has been identified in the FFACO as a Corrective Action Unit (CAU). Part of this effort requires that hydrogeologic data be compiled for inclusion in a CAU-specific hydrologic flow and transport model that will be used to predict contaminant boundaries. Hydrogeologic maps and cross sections are currently being prepared for use in the model to define the nature and extent of aquifers and confining units that might influence the flow of contaminated groundwater from underground nuclear tests conducted in Frenchman Flat. During this effort, it has been found that older Tertiary-age sediments might be hydrogeologically important in the Frenchman Flat model area. Although the character and extent of these units are poorly known, there is reason to believe that in some parts of Frenchman Flat they may lie between the regional Lower Carbonate Aquifer (LCA) and the younger Tertiary saturated alluvium and volcanic units in which several underground nuclear tests were conducted. It was not possible to quickly determine their extent, or ascertain whether or not these units might act as confining units or aquifers. The work described in this report was done to gain a better understanding of the hydrogeology of these rocks.

Prothro, L.B.; Drellack, S.L. Jr.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Special Review of the Rocky Flats Closure Project Site  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April April 2001 Special Review of the Integrated Safety Management ISM OVERSIGHT Table of Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ............................................................................... 1 1.0 INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................... 6 2.0 FOCUSED REVIEW OF THE INTEGRATED WORK CONTROL PROCESS AND LINE MANAGEMENT OVERSIGHT .............................................................................................. 8 2.1 Background ...................................................................................... 8 2.2 Line Management Oversight and Selected Other Management Systems .................................................................... 10 2.3 Rocky Flats Closure Project Integrated Work Control Process

354

Regular maximal slicings in asymptotically flat space?times  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An estimate is provided for the lapse function defining asymptotically Euclidean maximal slicings in asymptotically flat space?times. This estimate is found to be in agreement with a similar estimate suggested on heuristic grounds by Smarr and York. It is also shown that in vacuum space?times the scalar curvature of maximal slices remains uniformly bounded in time provided that suitable conditions on the rate of growth of the (negative) lower bound of the Ricci curvature of the slices are satisfied.

Mauro Carfora

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

MEASURING THE JET POWER OF FLAT-SPECTRUM RADIO QUASARS  

SciTech Connect

We use frequency-dependent position shifts of flat-spectrum radio cores to estimate the kinetic power of active galactic nucleus (AGN) jets. We find a correlation between the derived jet powers and AGN narrow-line luminosity, consistent with the well-known relation for radio galaxies and steep spectrum quasars. This technique can be applied to intrinsically weak jets even at high redshift.

Shabala, S. S.; Santoso, J. S. [School of Mathematics and Physics, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 37, Hobart, TAS 7001 (Australia); Godfrey, L. E. H. [International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, Western Australia 6845 (Australia)

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

356

Distributed Roughness Receptivity in a Flat Plate Boundary Layer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- Distributed Receptivity . . . . . 6 2. FACILITY DESCRIPTION - THE KLEBANOFFSARIC WIND TUNNEL 11 2.1 Test Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.2 Fan and Motor... of this dissertation describes the KlebanoffSaric Wind Tunnel facility, which was used for this experiment. Section 3 describes the experimental setup (roughness design and the flat plate model) and defines the metrics by which the flow field is decomposed...

Kuester, Matthew Scott

2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

357

Rocky Flats Plant Site Environmental Report: 1993 Highlights  

SciTech Connect

The Rocky Flats Plant Site Environmental Report provides summary information on the plant`s environmental monitoring programs and the results recorded during 1993. The report contains a compliance summary, results of environmental monitoring and other related programs, a review of environmental remediation activities, information on external gamma radiation dose monitoring, and radiation dose estimates for the surrounding population. This section provides an overview of these topics and summarizes more comprehensive discussions found in the main text of this annual report.

Not Available

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

358

DECOMMISSIONING CHALLENGES AT THE ROCKY FLATS ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY SITE  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a discussion of the demolition of the Building 788 cluster at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) in Golden, Colorado. The Building 788 Cluster was a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) permitted storage facilities and ancillary structures. Topics covered include the methods employed for Project Planning, Regulatory Compliance, Waste Management, Hazard Identification, Radiological Controls, Risk Management, Field Implementation, and Cost Schedule control, and Lessons Learned and Project Closeout.

Dorr, K. A.; Hoover, J.

2002-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

359

Inspection of management of excess personal property at Rocky Flats  

SciTech Connect

Inspection revealed that immediate management attention is needed to properly control, store, and dispose of excess personal property at Rocky Flats. Current system of operation does not allow for efficient, timely, cost effective management; current storage and disposal practices are not consistent with contract requirements or DOE policies and procedures. Other deficiencies are pointed out. Results of inspection are divided into 4 sections: contract changeover issues, moratorium issues, additional excess property issues, and award fee observations. Recommendations are outlined.

Not Available

1993-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

360

Sex, dispersion and aggression in Western Sandpipers on the Bolivar Flats, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flats, located on the Bolivar Peninsula, 4. 8 km northeast of Galveston, Texas. The wintering range of Western Sandpipers extends from California and North Carolina in the north, south to Peru and Surinam (AOU 1983). The Bolivar Flats, located...

Gordon, Lynn Marie

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alkali flat area" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Spectrally Solar Selective Coatings for Colored Flat Plate Solar Thermal Collectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper is a review on the state-of-the-art on colored materials (absorbers and glazings) for solar thermal flat plate collectors obtained world-wide. The ... input for novel, market-acceptable flat plate solar

Luminita Isac; Alexandru Enesca

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

The US Department of Energy`s facility reuse at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site  

SciTech Connect

This audit was initiated to determine whether the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site was maximizing its reuse of excess facilities.

NONE

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

An investigation of the transfer of alkali metal chlorides from dimethyl sulfoxide to water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-to-back' with water as the solvent in one cell and a non- aqueous solvent in the other. The two cells used in this investigation were each composed of silver-silver chloride electrodes in the same solution with dropping alkali metal amalgam electrodes. The solute.... The dropping amalgam electrodes are written only once since they were connected by a common amalgam reservoir. When the external circuit between the two silver-silver chloride electrodes was closed a current flowed and the net result oi the electrode...

Williams, Roger

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Positron binding to alkali-metal hydrides: The role of molecular vibrations  

SciTech Connect

The bound vibrational levels for J=0 have been computed for the series of alkali-metal hydride molecules from LiH to RbH, including NaH and KH. For all four molecules the corresponding potential-energy curves have been obtained for each isolated species and for its positron-bound complex (e{sup +}XH). It is found that the calculated positron affinity values strongly depend on the molecular vibrational state for which they are obtained and invariably increase as the molecular vibrational energy content increases. The consequences of our findings on the likelihood of possibly detecting such weakly bound species are briefly discussed.

Gianturco, Franco A.; Franz, Jan; Buenker, Robert J.; Liebermann, Heinz-Peter; Pichl, Lukas; Rost, Jan-Michael; Tachikawa, Masanori; Kimura, Mineo [Department of Chemistry and INFM, University of Rome La Sapienza, Piazzale A. Moro 5, 00185 Rome (Italy); Fachbereich C-Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften, Bergische Universitaet Wuppertal, Gaussstrasse 20, D-42119 Wuppertal (Germany); Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Noethnitzer St. 38, D-01187 Dresden (Germany); Graduate School of Science, Yokohama-city University, Seto 22-2, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama 236-0027 (Japan); Graduate School of Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan)

2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

365

Cryogenic focal plane flatness measurement with optical zone slope Jerry Edelstein1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cryogenic focal plane flatness measurement with optical zone slope tracking Jerry Edelstein1 to determine the surface flatness of a cryogenic sensor array developed for the JDEM mission. Large focal such as JDEM, WFIRST, or EUCLID must operate at cryogenic temperatures while maintaining focal plane flatness

California at Berkeley, University of

366

SIGNIFICANT NATURAL HERITAGE RESOURCES OF THE ROCKY FLATS ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY SITE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SIGNIFICANT NATURAL HERITAGE RESOURCES OF THE ROCKY FLATS ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY SITE to assess the ecological values of the Rock Creek drainage at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site from existing data at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site. 2.Perform ground surveys to rank

367

A lowstand epikarstic intertidal flat from the middle Silurian of Gotland, Sweden  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

flat and rocky shore to the knowledge of Silurian karst. It forms the unconform- able boundary betweenA lowstand epikarstic intertidal flat from the middle Silurian of Gotland, Sweden Mikael Calner of a karstic flat setting. Four microfacies with different stable isotopic signatures are recognised across

Calner, Mikael

368

Radiological Areas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Revision to Clearance Policy Associated with Recycle of Scrap Metals Originating from Revision to Clearance Policy Associated with Recycle of Scrap Metals Originating from Radiological Areas On July 13, 2000, the Secretary of Energy imposed an agency-wide suspension on the unrestricted release of scrap metal originating from radiological areas at Department of Energy (DOE) facilities for the purpose of recycling. The suspension was imposed in response to concerns from the general public and industry groups about the potential effects of radioactivity in or on material released in accordance with requirements established in DOE Order 5400.5, Radiation Protection of the Public and Environment. The suspension was to remain in force until DOE developed and implemented improvements in, and better informed the public about, its release process. In addition, in 2001 the DOE announced its intention to prepare a

369

OECD Crude "Demand" Remains Flat Between 1st and 2nd Quarters  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: As we enter the year 2000, we can expect crude oil demand to follow the usual pattern and remain relatively flat in OECD countries between first and second quarters. Note that for OECD, product demand is greater than crude use. These areas import products from outside the region. While product demand falls during the second and third quarters, crude inputs to refineries remain high enough to allow for some product stock building Additionally, purchases of crude oil exceed inputs to refineries for a time, allowing crude oil stocks to build as well in order to cover the shortfall between crude oil production and demand during the fourth and first quarters. Price can strengthen during the "weak product demand" summer months when the market feels stock building is inadequate to meet the

370

THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS VOLUME 58, NUMBER 2 15 JANUARY 1973 Internal state distribution of alkali dimers in supersonic nozzle beams*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of alkali dimers in supersonic nozzle beams* M. P. Sinha, A. Schultzt, and R. N. Zare Department o the white light and laser-induced fluorescence excited in a nozzle beam of Na2 molecules, we have measured beams with various stagnation pressures (50-240 torr) of alkali metal and with nozzles of different

Zare, Richard N.

371

Radionuclide distributions and migration mechanisms at shallow land burial sites. Annual report of research investigations on the distribution, migration and containment of radionuclides at Maxey Flats, Kentucky. [Maxey Flats  

SciTech Connect

Subsurface waters at Maxey Flats are anoxic systems with high alkalinity and high concentrations of dissolved ferrous ion. Americium and cobalt in these trench waters are made more soluble by the presence of EDTA, while strontium and cesium are unaffected under the same conditions. EDTA is the major organic complexing component in waste trench 27 leachate, but other polar, water-soluble organics are also present. Evidence points to the migration of plutonium between waste trench 27 and inert atmosphere wells as an EDTA complex. Polar organic compounds may influence the migration of /sup 90/Sr and /sup 137/Cs. The primary pathway of water entry into the waste burial trenches is through the trench caps, but major increases in water level have occurred in an experimental trench by subsurface flow. The areal distribution of radionuclides at Maxey Flats has been influenced by surface runoff, deposition from the evaporator plume, subsurface flow and the actions of burrowing animals or deep-rooted trees. Vegetal and surface contamination on site and near site are quite low, and only /sup 60/Co exceeds commonly observed fallout levels. Radionuclide concentrations in surface soil at Maxey Flats are comparable to concentrations resulting from normal fallout in other areas of high rainfall.

Kirby, L.J. (ed.)

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Electron beam driven alkali metal atom source for loading a magneto-optical trap in a cryogenic environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a versatile and compact electron beam driven source for alkali metal atoms, which can be implemented in cryostats. With a heat load of less than 10mW, the heat dissipation normalized to the atoms loaded into the magneto-optical Trap (MOT), is about a factor 1000 smaller than for a typical alkali metal dispenser. The measured linear scaling of the MOT loading rate with electron current observed in the experiments, indicates that electron stimulated desorption is the corresponding mechanism to release the atoms.

S. Haslinger; R. Amsuess; Ch. Koller; C. Hufnagel; N. Lippok; J. Majer; J. Verdu; S. Schneider; J. Schmiedmayer

2010-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

373

Electrical Resistance and Thermo-Electric Power of the Alkali Metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electrical resistance and thermo-electric power of the five alkali metals, -183C to 250C.Pure samples of the metals were fused into glass or quartz tubes, and measurements were made by means of thermo-junctions sealed into each end. Enough points were secured in each case to determine the slopes and the breaks in the curves. In both the resistance and thermo-electric power lines, changes of slope are observed beginning gradually 100 degrees or more below the melting point. These are taken to indicate transformations in each case from an ? to a ? form. These transformations occur at approximately the temperatures, 50C for Li, -20C to +20C for Na, -120C for K, -35C for Rb, and -80C for Cs. In all cases a sharp rise in thermo-electric power and resistance occurs as the melting point is approached. The temperature coefficients of resistance decrease smoothly with increasing atomic weight for all forms.Atomic heat of electrons in the alkali metals.The atomic heat of electricity as computed from thermo-electric data is approximately 0.24 cal. for Na and K, and 0.58 cal. for Rb and Cs. The values are too small to account for the observed excess of the atomic heats for these metals above the equipartition value.

Charles C. Bidwell

1924-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

On the charcterization of wakes from three-dimensional single and multiple flat plates on a ground plane.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A flat plate is a simplified model for a heliostat, which is a large flat tracking mirror used to reflect solar energy onto a central (more)

Barton, Gregory Harold

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

An Expert Elicitation Process in Support of Groundwater Model Evaluation for Frenchman Flat, Nevada National Security Site  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy is implementing corrective actions at facilities where nuclear-related operations were conducted in Nevada. Among the most significant sites being addressed are the locations of underground nuclear tests on the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). The process for implementing corrective actions for the Underground Test Area (UGTA) locations is defined in Appendix VI of a Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (1996, as amended). In broad terms, Appendix VI describes a Corrective Action Investigation followed by a Corrective Action Decision, and implementation of a Corrective Action Plan prior to closure. The Frenchman Flat Corrective Action Unit (CAU) is farthest along in the UGTA corrective action process. It includes ten underground tests within the Frenchman Flat topographic basin, in the southeastern portion of the NNSS. Data have been collected from drilling exploration, hydrologic testing, and field and laboratory studies. Modeling has been completed at a variety of scales and focusing on a variety of flow and transport aspects ranging from regional boundary conditions to process dynamics within a single nuclear cavity. The culmination of the investigations is a transport model for the Frenchman Flat CAU (Stoller Navarro Joint Venture, 2009) that has undergone rigorous peer review and been accepted by the State of Nevada, setting the stage for the Corrective Action Decision and progression from the investigation phase to the corrective action phase of the project.

Chapman Jenny,Pohlmann Karl

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Buffalo Flat Service 115-KV Transmission Project : Environmental Assessment.  

SciTech Connect

BPA, in conjunction with Midstate Electric Cooperative (Midstate), proposed to construct two sections of a new 115-kV transmission line in central Oregon: one section from BPA's LaPine Substation to Midstate's Fort Rock Substation (BPA), and the other from Fort Rock Substation to the proposed US Air Force radar transmitter site at Buffalo Flat (Midstate). The proposed line would be a total of about 74 miles long, and of either wood or steel single-pole construction; it would parallel existing corridors and/or roads for much of the distance. 23 refs., 6 figs., 5 tabs.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Final Land Configuration for the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site  

SciTech Connect

Closure of the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) has been completed. The future land use of the site is designated as a National Wildlife Refuge. A joint effort between Kaiser-Hill, Department of Energy, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Environmental Protection Agency, State of Colorado, and other stakeholders was initiated to provide direction for developing the final land configuration. Through early identification of issues and developing mutually agreeable solutions, the final land configuration of the site was successfully completed. (authors)

Stegen, R. L.; Kapinos, J. M.; Wehner, J. P.; Snyder, B. [Parsons, 1700 Broadway, Suite 900, Denver, Colorado 80290 (United States); Davis, R. W. [Kaiser-Hill Company, LLC, 9193 S. Jamaica, Englewood, Colorado 80112 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

The Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site beryllium characterization project  

SciTech Connect

A site beryllium characterization project was completed at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) in 1997. Information from historical reviews, previous sampling surveys, and a new sampling survey were used to establish a more comprehensive understanding of the locations and levels of beryllium contamination in 35 buildings. A feature of the sampling strategy was to test if process knowledge was a good predictor of where beryllium contamination could be found. Results revealed that this technique was effective at identifying where surface contamination levels might exceed the RFETS smear control level but that it was not effective in identifying where low concentrations of beryllium might be found.

Morrell, D.M. [Kaiser-Hill Co. LLC, Golden, CO (United States); Miller, J.R. [Radian International LLC, Los Alamos, NM (United States); Allen, D.F. [Radian International LLC, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Meteorology program status from Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site  

SciTech Connect

The meteorology program at Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (Site) has experienced significant changes the past 18 months. The purposes of the meteorology program at the Site are to (1) support Emergency Preparedness programs for assessing the transport, dispersion, and deposition of effluents actually or potentially released into the atmosphere by Site operations; and (2) provide information for onsite and offsite projects concerned with the design of environmental monitoring networks for impact assessments, environmental surveillance operations, health and safety related activities, and remediation operations. The meteorology program includes ambient monitoring, weather forecasting, climatological analyses, air dispersion modeling, and Emergency Preparedness organizational support.

Maxwell, D.R.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

The September 1957 Rocky Flats fire: A guide to record series of the Department of Energy and its contractors  

SciTech Connect

The primary purpose of this guide is to help the DOE locate and make available information relating to the 1957 Rocky Flats fire. The records are arranged into six categories: administrative and general; facilities and equipment; production and materials handling; waste management; workplace and environmental monitoring; and employee occupational exposure and health. A brief explanation of each category follows. The administrative and general section pertains to the administration of individual contractor organizations and DOE divisions at Rocky Flats. It also contains records which encompass several different subject areas and therefore can not be placed in a single category. The facilities and equipment category relates to the routine construction and maintenance of plant buildings as well as the purchase and installation of equipment. The production and materials handling records relate primarily to the inventory and production of nuclear materials and weapons components. The waste management records series found under this heading relate to the storage, handling, treatment, and disposal of radioactive, chemical or mixed materials produced or used at Rocky Flats. The records consist mostly of waste sampling and shipment records. The workplace and environmental monitoring records series found in this section pertain to monitoring of the workplace. The section also includes records that document efforts to monitor the environment outside of buildings, either onsite or offsite. Records in this category consist of sampling data and environmental impact reports. The employee occupational exposure and health section pertains to documentation relating to the health and occupational exposures of employees and visitors at Rocky Flats. Records series consist generally of dosimeter data, radiation exposure records, and medical records. Many of the records contain personal data pertaining to individual employees and may therefore be Privacy Act systems and records.

NONE

1995-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alkali flat area" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

In situ gamma-ray spectrometric analysis of radionuclide distributions at a commercial shallow land burial site. [Maxey Flats, Kentucky  

SciTech Connect

Gamma-ray spectrometric analysis conducted at the Maxey Flats, Kentucky (USA) shallow land burial site confirmed that the waste radionuclides have been retained largely within the restricted area of the burial site. Concentrations of /sup 137/Cs and /sup 60/Co were comparable with those originating from global fallout and lower than concentrations measured in several other areas having similar rainfall. In-situ spectrometric analyses, corroborated by soil sample and vegetation analyses, indicate that the site has influenced /sup 60/Co levels slightly in the west drainage channel, but /sup 137/Cs did not originate from the site. Concentrations of /sup 60/Co, /sup 90/Sr and /sup 137/Cs determined in subsurface soils by well logging techniques confirmed that subsurface migration of waste-derived radionuclides to points outside the restricted area has not been a significant source of contamination of the environs adjacent to the site. 8 references, 8 figures.

Kirby, L.J.; Campbell, R.M.

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Symmetries of asymptotically flat electrovacuum spacetimes and radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Symmetries compatible with asymptotic flatness and admitting gravitational and electromagnetic radiation are studied by using the Bondi-Sachs-van der Burg formalism. It is shown that in axially symmetric electrovacuum spacetimes in which at least locally a smooth null infinity in the sense of Penrose exists, the only second allowable symmetry is either the translational symmetry or the boost symmetry. Translationally invariant spacetimes with in general a straight "cosmic string" along the axis of symmetry are non-radiative although they can have a non-vanishing news function. The boost-rotation symmetric spacetimes are radiative. They describe "uniformly accelerated charged particles" or black holes which in general may also be rotating - the axial and an additional Killing vector are not assumed to be hypersurface orthogonal. The general functional forms of both gravitational and electromagnetic news functions, and of the mass aspect and total mass of asymptotically flat boost-rotation symmetric spacetimes at null infinity are obtained. The expressions for the mass are new even in the case of vacuum boost-rotation symmetric spacetimes with hypersurface orthogonal Killing vectors. In Appendices some errors appearing in previous works are corrected.

J. Bicak; A. Pravdova

1998-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

383

Geologic and geotechnical assessment RFETS Building 371, Rocky Flats, Colorado  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the review and evaluation of the geological, geotechnical and geophysical data supporting the design basis analysis for the Rocky Flats Environmental Test Site (RFETS) Building 371. The primary purpose of the geologic and geotechnical reviews and assessments described herein are to assess the adequacy of the crustal and near surface rock and soil model used in the seismic analysis of Building 371. This review was requested by the RFETS Seismic Evaluation Program. The purpose was to determine the adequacy of data to support the design basis for Building 371, with respect to seismic loading. The objectives required to meet this goal were to: (1) review techniques used to gather data (2) review analysis and interpretations of the data; and (3) make recommendations to gather additional data if required. Where there were questions or inadequacies in data or interpretation, recommendations were made for new data that will support the design basis analysis and operation of Building 371. In addition, recommendations are provided for a geologic and geophysical assessment for a new facility at the Rocky Flats Site.

Maryak, M.E.; Wyatt, D.E.; Bartlett, S.F.; Lewis, M.R.; Lee, R.C.

1995-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

384

Excitation of Flat Panels by Laterally Uncorrelated Fluctuating Pressures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The response of flat rectangular panels excited by specific acoustic fields are mathematically analyzed. The acoustic fields are assumed to be divided into an arbitrary number of strip pressure distributions across the width of the panel. Each strip is assumed to be continuous along the length of the panel in the propagation direction. An acoustic pressure distribution such as this permits the study of joint acceptance squared coefficient frequency spectra for lateral strip?pressure correlation conditions that vary between 0 and 1. An investigation of the joint acceptance squared coefficients for the special case of a simply supported flat panel excited by laterally uncorrelated strip pressures was conducted and the results were compared with a previous analysis by Bozich. [Spatial Correlation in Structural?Acoustic Coupling J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 36 5258 (1964).] Combining Bozich's results with the present analysis yielded an upper and lower bound on the joint acceptance squared coefficient frequency spectra. As would be expected the ratio of the joint acceptance squared coefficients for lateral strip pressure correlation conditions of 0 and 1 was highly dependent on the lateral half?wave number and pressure strip width.

W. W. Boyd

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

The influence of high quantity of fly ash on reducing the expansion due to ASR in the presence of alkalis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A testing program was devised to study the role of high volume fly ash (HVFA) in reducing the expansion caused by alkali-silica reaction (ASR). A series of modified ASTM C 1260 tests were performed, where the replacement of cement by Class F fly ash...

Mohidekar, Saleel D.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Rheological properties of water-coal slurries based on brown coal in the presence of sodium lignosulfonates and alkali  

SciTech Connect

The effect of the oxidized surface of brown coal on the structural and rheological properties of water-coal slurries was found. The kinetics of structure formation processes in water-coal slurries based on as-received and oxidized brown coal was studied. The effect of lignosulfonate and alkali additives on the samples of brown coal was considered.

D.P. Savitskii; A.S. Makarov; V.A. Zavgorodnii [National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev (Ukraine). Dumanskii Institute of Colloid and Water Chemistry

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

DOI: 10.1002/chem.200702012 Properties of Alkali Metal Atoms Deposited on a MgO Surface: A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, such as in tungsten bronzes, this may turn a wide-gap insulating oxide into a material with metallic conductivity, Na, K, Rb, and Cs) on the surface of MgO powders and thin films has been stud- ied by means of EPR. These reductions in the hfccs are due to polarization effects and are not connected to ionization of the alkali

Gao, Hongjun

388

Heating rates in collisionally opaque alkali-metal atom traps: Role of secondary collisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Grazing collisions with background gas are the major cause of trap loss and trap heating in atom traps. To first order, these effects do not depend on the trap density. In collisionally opaque trapped atom clouds, however, scattered atoms with an energy E larger than the effective trap depth Eeff, which are destined to escape from the atom cloud, will have a finite probability for a secondary collision. This results in a contribution to the heating rate that depends on the column density ?nl? of the trapped atoms, i.e., the product of density and characteristic size of the trap. For alkali-metal atom traps, secondary collisions are quite important due to the strong long-range interaction with like atoms. We derive a simple analytical expression for the secondary heating rate, showing a dependency proportional to ?nl??Eeff1/2. When extrapolating to a vanishing column density, only primary collisions with the background gas will contribute to the heating rate. This contribution is rather small, due to the weak long-range interaction of the usual background gas species in an ultrahigh-vacuum systemHe, Ne, or Arwith the trapped alkali-metal atoms. We conclude that the transition between trap-loss collisions and heating collisions is determined by a cutoff energy 200??K<~Eeff<~400??K, much smaller than the actual trap depth E in most magnetic traps. Atoms with an energy Eeffalkali-metal atoms Li through Cs as a function of the effective trap depth, the column density of the trap, and the species in the background gas. The predictions of our model are in good agreement with the experimental data of Myatt for heating rates in high-density 87Rb-atom magnetic traps at JILA, including the effect of the rf shield and the composition of the background gas. It is shown that collisions with atoms from the Oort cloud also contribute to the heating rate. For 85Rb the calculated heating rate is below the experimentally observed value at JILA, supporting the idea that inelastic collisions in the trap are the major source of heating.

H. C. W. Beijerinck

2000-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

389

Late Quaternary geomorphology and soils in Crater Flat, Yucca  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...stratigraphy used in the Yucca Mountain area. Although the...volcanic rocks waste disposal Yucca Mountain GeoRef, Copyright...was sup- ported by funding from the Nevada Nuclear...seismotectonic stability of the Yucca Mountain area, Nevada, Nuclear...

390

Water-Chemistry Evolution and Modeling of Radionuclide Sorption and Cation Exchange during Inundation of Frenchman Flat Playa  

SciTech Connect

Atmospheric tests and other experiments with nuclear materials were conducted on the Frenchman Flat playa at the Nevada National Security Site, Nye County, Nevada; residual radionuclides are known to exist in Frenchman Flat playa soils. Although the playa is typically dry, extended periods of winter precipitation or large single-event rainstorms can inundate the playa. When Frenchman Flat playa is inundated, residual radionuclides on the typically dry playa surface may become submerged, allowing water-soil interactions that could provide a mechanism for transport of radionuclides away from known areas of contamination. The potential for radionuclide transport by occasional inundation of the Frenchman Flat playa was examined using geographic information systems and satellite imagery to delineate the timing and areal extent of inundation; collecting water samples during inundation and analyzing them for chemical and isotopic content; characterizing suspended/precipitated materials and archived soil samples; modeling water-soil geochemical reactions; and modeling the mobility of select radionuclides under aqueous conditions. The physical transport of radionuclides by water was not evaluated in this study. Frenchman Flat playa was inundated with precipitation during two consecutive winters in 2009-2010 and 2010-2011. Inundation allowed for collection of multiple water samples through time as the areal extent of inundation changed and ultimately receded. During these two winters, precipitation records from a weather station in Frenchman Flat (Well 5b) provided information that was used in combination with geographic information systems, Landsat imagery, and image processing techniques to identify and quantify the areal extent of inundation. After inundation, water on the playa disappeared quickly, for example, between January 25, 2011 and February 10, 2011, a period of 16 days, 92 percent of the areal extent of inundation receded (2,062,800 m2). Water sampling provided valuable information about chemical processes occurring during inundation as the water disappeared. Important observations from water-chemistry analyses included: 1) total dissolved solids (TDS) and chloride ion (Cl-) concentrations were very low (TDS: < 200 mg/L and Cl-: < 3.0 mg/L, respectively) for all water samples regardless of time or areal extent; 2) all dissolved constituents were at concentrations well below what might be expected for evaporating shallow surface waters on a playa, even when 98 to 99 percent of the water had disappeared; 3) the amount of evaporation for the last water samples collected at the end of inundation, estimated with the stable isotopic ratios ?2H or ?18O, was approximately 60 percent; and 4) water samples analyzed by gamma spectroscopy did not show any man-made radioactivity; however, the short scanning time (24 hours) and relative chemical diluteness of the water samples (TDS ranged between 39 and 190 mg/L) may have contributed to none being detected. Additionally, any low-energy beta emitting radionuclides would not have been detected by gamma spectroscopy. From these observations, it was apparent that a significant portion of water on the playa did not evaporate, but rather infiltrated into the subsurface (approximately 40 percent). Consistent with this water chemistry-based conclusion is particle-size analysis of two archived Frenchman Flat playa soils samples, which showed low clay content in the near surface soil that also suggested infiltration. Infiltration of water from the playa during inundation into the subsurface does not necessarily imply that groundwater recharge is occurring, but it does provide a mechanism for moving residual radionuclides downward into the subsurface of Frenchman Flat playa. Water-mineral geochemical reactions were modeled so that changes in the water chemistry could be identified and the extent of reactions quantified. Geochemical modeling showed that evaporation; equilibrium with atmospheric carbon dioxide and calcite; dissolution of sodium chloride, gypsum, and composite volcanic g

Hershey, Ronald; Cablk, Mary; LeFebre, Karen; Fenstermaker, Lynn; Decker, David

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Methanol synthesis using a catalyst combination of alkali or alkaline earth salts and reduced copper chromite  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a novel route for the synthesis of methanol, and more specifically to the production of methanol by contacting synthesis gas under relatively mild conditions in a slurry phase with a catalyst combination comprising reduced copper chromite and basic alkali salts or alkaline earth salts. The present invention allows the synthesis of methanol to occur in the temperature range of approximately 100.degree.-160.degree. C. and the pressure range of 40-65 atm. The process produces methanol with up to 90% syngas conversion per pass and up to 95% methanol selectivity. The only major by-product is a small amount of easily separated methyl formate. Very small amounts of water, carbon dioxide and dimethyl ether are also produced. The present catalyst combination also is capable of tolerating fluctuations in the H.sub.2 /CO ratio without major deleterious effect on the reaction rate. Furthermore, carbon dioxide and water are also tolerated without substantial catalyst deactivation.

Tierney, John W. (Pittsburgh, PA); Wender, Irving (Pittsburgh, PA); Palekar, Vishwesh M. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Alkali-metal stoichiometry and structure of K4C60 and Rb4C60  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Alkali-metal fulleride samples KxC60 and RbxC60 with stoichiometries close to x=4 were examined with x-ray powder-diffraction measurements at room temperature. We have shown through Rietveld refinements that A4C60 is a line phase with charge per lattice site that is closer to integer than in any other fulleride. The C60 molecules are disordered between two possible orientations within the body-centered-tetragonal lattice with the three orthogonal twofold rotation axes aligned with the unit-cell translation vectors in space group I4/mmm. The x-ray diffraction results exclude any quadrupole distortion of the fullerene molecule beyond about 0.04 ?. These results suggest that K4C60 and Rb4C60 may be Mott insulators.

Christine A. Kuntscher; Gtz M. Bendele; Peter W. Stephens

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Energy conservation in the primary aluminum and chlor-alkali industries  

SciTech Connect

The primary aluminum and chlor-alkali industries together use nearly 13% of the electrical energy consumed by US industry. As part of its mission to promote energy conservation in basic US industries, the DOE surveys the present technological status of the major electrochemical industries and evaluates promising technological innovations that may lead to reduced energy requirements. This study provides technical and economic analyses in support of a government program of research and development in advanced electrolytic technology. This program is intended to supplement the development efforts directed toward energy savings by private industry. Sections II and III of this report cover aluminum and chlorine production processes only, since these two industries represent over 90% of the electrical energy requirements of all electrolytic industries in the United States. Section IV examines barriers to accelerated research and development by the electrolytic industries, and makes suggestions for government actions to overcome these barriers.

Not Available

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Southeast Idaho Area Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Area Attractions and Events Area Geography Area History Area Links Driving Directions Idaho Falls Attractions and Events INL History INL Today Research Park Sagebrush Steppe...

395

Enforcement Letter -Rocky Flats-08/02/2000  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

, 2000 , 2000 Mr. Robert G. Card [ ] Kaiser-Hill Company, L.L.C. Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site 10808 Highway 93, Unit B Golden, CO 80403-8200 Subject: Enforcement Letter Dear Mr. Card: This letter refers to the Department of Energy's (DOE) evaluation of potential noncompliances with the requirements of 10 CFR 830.120 (Quality Assurance Rule). The potential noncompliances involved inadequate implementation of work controls, specifically failure to perform required combustible gas surveillances. The failure to fully perform the required surveillances was identified by the contractor during a comprehensive Kaiser-Hill (KHLL) Implementation Validation Review (IVR) team verifying implementation of the Basis of Interim Operation (BIO) for Buildings 776 and

396

Enforcement Letter - Rocky Flats -07/20/1998  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

, 1998 , 1998 Mr. Robert G. Card [ ] Kaiser-Hill Company, L.L.C. Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site P.O. Box 464 Golden, CO 80402-0464 Subject: Enforcement Letter Noncompliance Reports NTS-RFO--KHLL-SITEWIDE-1997-0006 NTS-RFO--KHLL-371OPS-1997-0002 NTS-RFO--KHLL-SITEWIDE-1997-0010 NTS-RFO--KHLL-SITEWIDE-1998-0001 Dear Mr. Card: This letter refers to the Department of Energy=s (DOE) evaluation of noncompliances reported in four Noncompliance Tracking System (NTS) entries, identified in the subject line above. The four NTS reports were submitted between September 24, 1997, and March 3, 1998. The reports identified potential noncompliances with requirements of 10 CFR 830.120 (Quality Assurance Rule) and 10 CFR 835 (Radiation Protection Rule). The Office of Enforcement and Investigation evaluated these NTS reports based on the

397

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Rocky Flats Petition  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Petition Petition Rocky Flats Site, Colorado Site-Specific Uranium Standards Petition All documents are Adobe Acrobat files. pdf_icon U.S. Department of Energy's Proponent's Pre-Hearing Statement for Proposed Revisions to Segments 4a, 4b, and 5 of Big Dry Creek (Walnut and Woman Creeks) Regulation #38 (5 CCR 1002-38) Figure 1 Figure 2 Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry Uranium Results for November 2008 RFETS Waters Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry Uranium Results for September 2008 RFETS Waters Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry Uranium Results for October 2007 RFETS Waters Quantitative Evaluation of Mixture Components in RFETS Uranium Isotopic Analyses Proposed Notice Petition for Rulemaking Regarding Site-Specific Uranium Standards Rulemaking Petition Water Monitoring Locations

398

System Advisor Model: Flat Plate Photovoltaic Performance Modeling Validation Report  

SciTech Connect

The System Advisor Model (SAM) is a free software tool that performs detailed analysis of both system performance and system financing for a variety of renewable energy technologies. This report provides detailed validation of the SAM flat plate photovoltaic performance model by comparing SAM-modeled PV system generation data to actual measured production data for nine PV systems ranging from 75 kW to greater than 25 MW in size. The results show strong agreement between SAM predictions and field data, with annualized prediction error below 3% for all fixed tilt cases and below 8% for all one axis tracked cases. The analysis concludes that snow cover and system outages are the primary sources of disagreement, and other deviations resulting from seasonal biases in the irradiation models and one axis tracking issues are discussed in detail.

Freeman, J.; Whitmore, J.; Kaffine, L.; Blair, N.; Dobos, A. P.

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Sitewide risk perspectives for the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy (DOE) has recently finalized a closure plan (originally called the Ten Year Plan) for closure and environmental cleanup of previous nuclear weapons facilities. The DOE Rocky Flats Field Office has established priorities for risk reduction work to Support closure activities, as well as addressing those hazards associated with storage and management of radioactive materials and hazardous chemicals. To provide information for future National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) or other regulatory assessments of specific risk reduction projects identified in the Closure Plan, a risk assessment of normal operations and potential accidents was recently prepared to provide an updated baseline of the cumulative impacts to the worker, public and environment due to the Site`s operations, activities, and environmental conditions in light of the Site`s change in mission, and of future closure projects. This paper summarizes the risk assessment approach, results, and conclusions.

Olinger, S.J. [Dept. of Energy, Golden, CO (United States). Rocky Flats Field Office; Foppe, T.L. [M.H. Chew and Associates, Inc., Golden, CO (United States)

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Criticality safety management during the new mission at Rocky Flats  

SciTech Connect

Under the cleanup and waste management missions at the former United States Department of Energy (DOE) production sites, a redirection of nuclear criticality safety programs has to take place to accommodate new objectives and reduced resources. The Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) provides innovative approaches to respond to the needs of its new mission. The paper provides some background on the changes in the DOE complex and expands on the steps undertaken at RFETS with the hope that some of the novel approaches could be of use at other facilities. With the demise of the Cold War, the United States Department of Energy weapons complex has transitioned from the production of nuclear material to the disposition of weapons and cleanup of former production sites. Fissionable material in stored waste, contaminated facilities and equipment, and left over inventories presents nuclear criticality safety challenges that requires careful management.

Toffer, H.; Wilson, R.E. [Safe Sites of Colorado, Golden, CO (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alkali flat area" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Property:FlatDemandStructure | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:FlatDemandStructure Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "FlatDemandStructure" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0000827d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 + 0000827d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 + 000e60f7-120d-48ab-a1f9-9c195329c628 + 000e60f7-120d-48ab-a1f9-9c195329c628 + 00101108-073b-4503-9cd4-01769611c26f + 00101108-073b-4503-9cd4-01769611c26f + 001361ca-50d2-49bc-b331-08755a2c7c7d + 001361ca-50d2-49bc-b331-08755a2c7c7d + 0016f771-cda9-4312-afc2-63f10c8d8bf5 + 0016f771-cda9-4312-afc2-63f10c8d8bf5 + 00178d3d-17cb-46ed-8a58-24c816ddce96 + 00178d3d-17cb-46ed-8a58-24c816ddce96 + 001d1952-955c-411b-8ce4-3d146852a75e + 001d1952-955c-411b-8ce4-3d146852a75e +

402

Hydraulic model analysis of water distribution system, Rockwell International, Rocky Flats, Colorado  

SciTech Connect

Rockwell International requested an analysis of the existing plant site water supply distribution system at Rocky Flats, Colorado, to determine its adequacy. On September 26--29, 1988, Hughes Associates, Inc., Fire Protection Engineers, accompanied by Rocky Flats Fire Department engineers and suppression personnel, conducted water flow tests at the Rocky Flats plant site. Thirty-seven flows from various points throughout the plant site were taken on the existing domestic supply/fire main installation to assure comprehensive and thorough representation of the Rocky Flats water distribution system capability. The analysis was completed in four phases which are described, together with a summary of general conclusions and recommendations.

Perstein, J.; Castellano, J.A. [Hughes Associates, Inc., Wheaton, MD (United States)

1989-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

403

The effect of a small creek valley on drainage flows in the Rocky Flats region  

SciTech Connect

Regional scale circulation and mountain-plain interactions and effects on boundary layer development are important for understanding the fate of an atmospheric release from Rocky Flats, Colorado. Numerical modeling of Front Range topographic effects near Rocky Flats have shown that though the Front Range dominates large scale flow features, small-scale terrain features near Rocky Flats are important to local transport during nighttime drainage flow conditions. Rocky Flats has been the focus of interest for the Department of Energy`s Atmospheric Studies in Complex Terrain (ASCOT) program.

Porch, W. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

404

Rockwell International's Nuclear Criticality Safety Program at the Rocky Flats Plant  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the criticality safety program at the Rocky Flats Plant. The groups responsible for safety are named and their functions outlined. (JDH)

McCarthy, J.D.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

E-Print Network 3.0 - amorphous selenium flat-panel Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

films with near-single-crystalline quality and high carrier mobility Summary: , such as solar cells and flat-panel displays, our ACSi technology promises to fundamentally...

406

E-Print Network 3.0 - amorphous silicon flat-panel Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

with the low cost of amorphous and polycrystalline silicon films on non... , such as solar cells and flat-panel displays, our ACSi technology promises to fundamentally...

407

Post-Closure Land Jurisdiction Transfer to the US Fish and Wildlife Service at Rocky Flats: Surviving the Safari Through Old Records and Other Lessons Learned  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Rocky Flats Site (Rocky Flats), located near Denver, Colorado, was listed on the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act National Priorities List (NPL) in 1989. Subsequent cleanup and closure activities were completed in October 2005 and the final remedy was selected in September 2006. The remedy is 'no further action' for the generally un-impacted Peripheral Operable Unit (OU), formerly known as the Buffer Zone, and institutional and physical controls with continued monitoring for the Central OU, formerly the industrialized area. The Peripheral OU has been deleted from the NPL and jurisdiction over the majority of land in that OU (3,953 acres) was transferred to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) on July 12, 2007, to establish the Rocky Flats National Wildlife Refuge. The remaining approximately 929 acres in the Peripheral OU were retained by DOE's Office of Legacy Management where outstanding mineral leases and mining operations exist. As mineral rights are purchased or mining operations and mineral leases are completed and fully reclaimed, jurisdiction of portions of the 929 acres will also be transferred to USFWS for inclusion into the refuge. During the almost 2 years since cleanup and closure work was completed at Rocky Flats, DOE and USFWS have worked the specific legal parameters, timing, and constraints of the 3,953-acre transfer. Many lessons have been learned, based on these early experiences. (authors)

Schiesswohl, S. [U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Legacy Management, Westminster, CO (United States); Hanson, M. [S.M. Stoller Corporation, Westminster, CO (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Convective Heat Transfer from Exposed Flat Horizontal Surface in Outdoorconditions at Low Wind Speeds: An Application to Flat Plate Solar Collector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Estimation of various heat losses in flat plate solar collectors is important for their thermal performance evaluation under different operating conditions. Upward heat losses have a major contribution in the ...

Suresh Kumar; S. C. Mullick

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Performance of a high fill factor, indirect detection prototype flat-panel imager for mammography  

SciTech Connect

Empirical and theoretical investigations of the performance of a small-area, high-spatial-resolution, active matrix flat-panel imager, operated under mammographic conditions, is reported. The imager is based on an indirect detection array incorporating a continuous photodiode design, as opposed to the discrete photodiode design employed in conventional flat-panel imagers. Continuous photodiodes offer the prospect of higher fill factors, particularly for arrays with pixel pitches below {approx}100 {mu}m. The array has a pixel-to-pixel pitch of 75 {mu}m and a pixel format of 512x512, resulting in an active area of {approx}3.8x3.8 cm{sup 2}. The array was coupled to two commercially available, structured CsI:Tl scintillators of {approx}150 {mu}m thickness: one optimized for high light output (FOS-HL) and the other for high spatial resolution (FOS-HR), resulting in a pair of imager configurations. Measurements of sensitivity, modulation transfer function (MTF), noise power spectra (NPS), and detective quantum efficiency (DQE) were performed with a 26 kVp mammography beam at exposures ranging from {approx}0.5 to {approx}19 mR. MTF results from both CsI:Tl scintillators show that the array demonstrates good spatial resolution, indicating effective isolation between adjacent pixels. The effect of additive noise of the system on DQE was observed to be significantly higher for the FOS-HR scintillator compared to the FOS-HL scintillator due to lower sensitivity of the former. For the FOS-HL scintillator, DQE performance was generally high at high exposures, limited by the x-ray quantum efficiency, Swank factor and the MTF of the scintillators. For both scintillators, the DQE performance degrades at lower exposures due to the relatively large contribution of additive noise. Theoretical calculations based on a cascaded systems model were found to be in general agreement with the empirically determined NPS and DQE values. Finally, such calculations were used to predict potential DQE performance for hypothetical 50 {mu}m pixel pitch imagers, employing similar continuous photodiode design and realistic inputs derived from the empirical measurements.

El-Mohri, Youcef; Antonuk, Larry E.; Zhao Qihua; Wang Yi; Li Yixin; Du Hong; Sawant, Amit [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

410

Modeling of flowing gas diode pumped alkali lasers: dependence of the operation on the gas velocity and on the nature of the buffer gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simple, semi-analytical model of flowing gas diode pumped alkali lasers (DPALs) is presented. The model takes into account the rise of temperature in the lasing medium with...

Barmashenko, B D; Rosenwaks, S

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Ground state of the polar alkali-metal-atom-strontium molecules: Potential energy curve and permanent dipole moment  

SciTech Connect

In this study, we investigate the structure of the polar alkali-metal-atom-strontium diatomic molecules as possible candidates for the realization of samples of ultracold polar molecular species not yet investigated experimentally. Using a quantum chemistry approach based on effective core potentials and core polarization potentials, we model these systems as effective three-valence-electron systems, allowing for calculation of electronic properties with full configuration interaction. The potential curve and the permanent dipole moment of the {sup 2}{Sigma}{sup +} ground state are determined as functions of the internuclear distance for LiSr, NaSr, KSr, RbSr, and CsSr molecules. These molecules are found to exhibit a significant permanent dipole moment, though smaller than those of the alkali-metal-atom-Rb molecules.

Guerout, R. [Laboratoire Kastler-Brossel, CNRS, ENS, Univ Pierre et Marie Curie case 74, Campus Jussieu, F-75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Aymar, M.; Dulieu, O. [Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS, UPR3321, Bat. 505, Univ Paris-Sud, F-91405 Orsay Cedex (France)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

412

The ground state of the polar alkali-Strontium molecules: potential energy curve and permanent dipole moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this study, we investigate the structure of the polar alkali-Strontium diatomic molecules as possible candidates for the realization of samples of new species of ultracold polar molecules. Using a quantum chemistry approach based on Effective Core Potentials and Core Polarization Potentials, we model these systems as effective three valence electron systems, allowing for calculation of electronic properties with Full Configuration Interaction. The potential curve and the permanent dipole moment of the $^2\\Sigma^+$ ground state are determined as functions of the internuclear distances for LiSr, NaSr, KSr, RbSr, and CsSr molecules. These molecules are found to exhibit a significant permanent dipole moment, though smaller than those of the alkali-Rb molecules.

Romain Gurout; Mireille Aymar; Olivier Dulieu

2010-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

413

Completion Report for Model Evaluation Well ER-5-5: Corrective Action Unit 98: Frenchman Flat  

SciTech Connect

Model Evaluation Well ER-5-5 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office in support of Nevada Environmental Management Operations at the Nevada National Security Site (formerly known as the Nevada Test Site). The well was drilled in July and August 2012 as part of a model evaluation well program in the Frenchman Flat area of Nye County, Nevada. The primary purpose of the well was to provide detailed geologic, hydrogeologic, chemical, and radiological data that can be used to test and build confidence in the applicability of the Frenchman Flat Corrective Action Unit flow and transport models for their intended purpose. In particular, this well was designed to obtain data to evaluate the uncertainty in model forecasts of contaminant migration from the upgradient underground nuclear test MILK SHAKE, conducted in Emplacement Hole U-5k in 1968, which were considered to be uncertain due to the unknown extent of a basalt lava-flow aquifer present in this area. Well ER-5-5 is expected to provide information to refine the Phase II Frenchman Flat hydrostratigraphic framework model, if necessary, as well as to support future groundwater flow and transport modeling. The 31.1-centimeter (cm) diameter hole was drilled to a total depth of 331.3 meters (m). The completion string, set at the depth of 317.2 m, consists of 16.8-cm stainless-steel casing hanging from 19.4-cm carbon-steel casing. The 16.8-cm stainless-steel casing has one slotted interval open to the basalt lava-flow aquifer and limited intervals of the overlying and underlying alluvial aquifer. A piezometer string was also installed in the annulus between the completion string and the borehole wall. The piezometer is composed of 7.3-cm stainless-steel tubing suspended from 6.0-cm carbon-steel tubing. The piezometer string was landed at 319.2 m, to monitor the basalt lava-flow aquifer. Data collected during and shortly after hole construction include composite drill cuttings samples collected every 3.0 m, various geophysical logs, preliminary water quality measurements, and water-level measurements. The well penetrated 331.3 m of QuaternaryTertiary alluvium, including an intercalated layer of saturated basalt lava rubble. No well development or hydrologic testing was conducted in this well immediately after completion; however, a preliminary water level was measured in the piezometer string at the depth of 283.4 m on September 25, 2012. No tritium above the minimum detection limit of the field instruments was detected in this hole. Future well development, sampling, and hydrologic testing planned for this well will provide more accurate hydrologic information for this site. The stratigraphy, general lithology, and water level were as expected, though the expected basalt lava-flow aquifer is basalt rubble and not the dense, fractured lava as modeled. The lack of tritium transport is likely due to the difference in hydraulic properties of the basalt lava-flow rubble encountered in the well, compared to those of the fractured aquifer used in the flow and transport models.

NSTec Underground Test Area and Boreholes Programs and Operations

2013-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

414

Self-Assembly of Flat Micro Components by Capillary Forces and Shape Recognition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Self-Assembly of Flat Micro Components by Capillary Forces and Shape Recognition J. Fang, S. Liang, K. Wang, X. Xiong, K. F. Böhringer* This paper summarizes our recent reports on self-assembly of flat micro components based on two major mechanisms: capillary-driven self-assembly and feature

415

Relation of Flat Subduction to Magmatism and Deformation in the Western USA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relation of Flat Subduction to Magmatism and Deformation in the Western USA Eugene Humphreys Department of Geological Sciences, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, USA ABSTRACT Flat subduction of the Farallon plate beneath western USA during the Laramide orogeny was caused by the combined effects

Humphreys, Eugene

416

The Ionization of Neon and Argon by Positive Alkali Ions of Energies from 650 to 2000 Volts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With an apparatus of new design the study of the ionization of neon and argon by positive alkali ions has been extended to accelerating potentials as high as 2000 volts. The results obtained are in good quantitative agreement with the previous work at the low potentials. In a number of cases the efficiency of ionization reaches a maximum at accelerating potentials less than 2000 volts.

J. Carlisle Mouzon

1932-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

A computational analysis of the evaporator/artery of an alkali metal thermal to electric conversion (AMTEC) PX series cell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, while minimizing mass. Current technology, such as Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTG's) are reliable, but do not supply the power conversion efficiencies desired for future space missions. That leads to Alkali Metal Thermal to Electric...-series cells to generate electricity for the deep space vehicle. The higher efficiency of AMTEC compared to other conversion technologies, such as Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTG's), results in less energy source material being launched...

Pyrtle, Frank

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

A comparative study of 239,240Pu in soil near the former Rocky Flats Nuclear Weapons Facility, Golden, CO  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Rocky Flats Nuclear Weapons Plant near Golden, CO released plutonium into the environment during almost 40 years of operation. Continuing concern over possible health impacts of these releases has been heightened by lack of public disclosure of the US Department of Energy (DOE) activities. A dose reconstruction study for the Rocky Flats facilities, begun in 1990, provided a unique opportunity for concerned citizens to design and implement field studies without participation of the DOE, its contractors, or other government agencies. The Citizens Environmental Sampling Committee was formed in late 1992 and conducted a field sampling program in 1994. Over 60 soil samples, including both surface and core samples, were collected from 28 locations where past human activities would have minimal influence on contaminant distributions in soil. Cesium-137 activity was used as a means to assess whether samples were collected in undisturbed locations. The distribution of plutonium (as 239,240Pu) in soil was consistent with past sampling conducted by DOE, the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, and others. Elevated levels of 239,240Pu were found immediately east of the Rocky Flats Plant, with concentrations falling rapidly with distance from the plant to levels consistent with background from fallout. Samples collected in areas south, west, and north of the plant were generally consistent with background from fallout. No biases in past sampling due to choice of sampling locations or sampling methodology were evident. The study shows that local citizens, when provided sufficient resources, can design and implement technical studies that directly address community concerns where trust in the regulated community and/or regulators is low.

Todd D. Margulies; Niels D. Schonbeck; Normie C. Morin-Voillequ; Katherine A. James; James M. LaVelle

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Comparison of {sup 241}Am, {sup 239,240}Pu, and {sup 137}Cs concentrations in soil around Rocky Flats  

SciTech Connect

Gamma spectroscopy measurements were used to estimate concentrations of {sup 241}Am and {sup 137}Cs in soil profiles to depths of 21 cm at on-site and off-site locations around the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site and at regional background locations east of the Front Range between Colorado`s borders with New Mexico and Wyoming. Concentrations of these radionuclides were compared with concentrations of {sup 239,240}Pu in the same samples. Concentrations of {sup 241}Am in soil from depths of 0 to 3 cm decreased in an easterly direction from more than 5.3 kBq kg{sup {minus}1} 5 to 7 km away at a rate that was nearly proportional to the inverse square of distance. Deposits of {sup 137}Cs were ubiquitous, averaging 0.12 kBq kg{sup {minus}1} in soil from depths of 0 to 3 cm, but were unevenly distributed around Rocky Flats and the regional background locations. Deviations from the uniform exponential rate at which soil concentrations of {sup 137}Cs typically decreased with depth, {minus}0.25 cm{sup {minus}1} at undisturbed sites, enabled the authors to determine that about 10% of their sampling sites had been disturbed by erosion, tillage, or other factors. The mean rate at which {sup 239,240}Pu decreased with depth was about the same, {minus}0.23 cm{sup {minus}1}, throughout the study area. Soil concentrations of {sup 241}Am decreased with depth at a similar mean rate of {minus}0.22 cm{sup {minus}1} at locations close to the 903 pad where measurements were robust. Ratios between {sup 241}Am or {sup 239,240}Pu and {sup 137}Cs proved more useful for delineating the extent and pattern of contamination from Rocky Flats than did activity concentrations in soil.

Hulse, S.E.; Ibrahim, S.A.; Whicker, F.W.; Chapman, P.L. [Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Universe Evolution in a 5D Ricci-flat Cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use Wetterich's parameterization equation of state (EOS) of dark energy to a $5D$ Ricci-flat cosmological solution and we suppose the universe contains three major components: matter, radiation and dark energy. By using the relation between the scale factor and the redshift $z$, we show that the two arbitrary functions contained in the $5D$ solution could be solved out analytically in terms of the variable $z$. Thus the whole $5D$ solution could be constructed uniquely if the current values of the three density parameters $\\Omega_{m0}$, ${\\Omega_{r0}}$, $\\Omega_{x0}$, the EOS $w_{0}$%, and the bending parameter $b$ contained in the EOS are all known. Furthermore, we find that all the evolutions of the mass density $\\Omega_{m} $, the radiation density ${\\Omega_{r}}$, the dark energy density $\\Omega_{x}$, and the deceleration parameter $q$ depend on the bending parameter $b$ sensitively. Therefore it is deserved to study observational constraints on the bending parameter $b$.

Chengwu Zhang; Hongya Liu; Lixin Xu; P. S. Wesson

2006-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alkali flat area" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Washing of Rocky Flats Combustible Residues (Conducted March - May 1995)  

SciTech Connect

The scope of this project is to determine the feasibility of washing plutonium-containing combustible residues using ultrasonic disruption as a method for dislodging particulate. Removal of plutonium particulate and, to a lesser extent, solubilized plutonium from the organic substrate should substantially reduce potential fire, explosion or radioactive release hazards due to radiolytic hydrogen generation or high flammability. Tests were conducted on polypropylene filters which were used as pre-filters in the rich-residue ion-exchange process at the Los Alamos Plutonium Facility. These filters are similar to the Ful-Flo{reg_sign} cartridges used at Rocky Flats that make up a substantial fraction of the combustible residues with the highest hazard rating. Batch experiments were run on crushed filter material in order to determine the amount of Pu removed by stirring, stirring and sonication, and stirring and sonication with the introduction of Pu-chelating water-soluble polymers or surfactants. Significantly more Pu is removed using sonication and sonication with chelators than is removed with mechanical stirring alone.

Mary E. Barr; Ann R. Schake; David A. Romero; Gordon D. Jarvinen

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Dendrogeomorphic approach to estimating slope retreat, Maxey Flats, Kentucky  

SciTech Connect

A dendrogeomorphic study of slope retreat was conducted at the Maxey Flats nuclear-waste disposal site in northeastern Kentucky. Tree roots exposed by surface lowering were used as an indicator of ground surface at the time of germination. The amount of lowering was measured and divided by tree-ring-determined tree age. Surface lowering and slope degradation rates were estimated for three slopes below waste-burial trenches and compared with data obtained from sediment troughs and erosion frames at the site. Mean rates of slope retreat ranged from 1.92 to 3.16 mm/yr. Sediment-trough results are two to three orders of magnitude less than dendrogeomorphic and erosion-frame estimates of slope degradation, which suggests that piping and solution-weathering processes may be important in slope degradation. Slope aspect and declivity may be important factors affecting retreat of slopes with a uniform lithology. Dendrogeomorphic techniques provide results comparable to those in the literature and offer a rapid method for estimating slope retreat that integrates slope processes over many years.

Hupp, C.R. (Geological Survey, Reston, VA (USA)); Carey, W.P. (Geological Survey, Lakewood, CO (USA))

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Thermal Load based Adaptive Tracking for Flat Plate Solar Collectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The energy output of solar-thermal systems using flat plate collectors can be improved by tracking. Tracking is well known as a path for increasing the amount of solar radiation received by the collector; additionally the paper proposes a new concept that considers the inverse tracking as a viable option for protecting the collectors against overheating. An analysis of the thermal energy output and conversion efficiency is done considering forward tracking in three different days with different radiation profile (cloudy, sunny and mixed days), followed by an analysis of the inverse tracking concept. The in-field data show that there is a limiting angle below which inverse tracking is not effective and this value is estimated at 40 as compared with the optimal orientation. A logical scheme is proposed based on four different programs for forward tracking, inverse tracking, maximum inverse tracking or fixing the collector; this decisional scheme covers a broad range of functional situations having as central concept the production of thermal energy only when needed, for satisfying the demand, decreasing the energy consumption for forced circulation and supporting the systems reliability and safety.

Mircea Neagoe; Ion Visa; Bogdan G. Burduhos; Macedon D. Moldovan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

DISPOSITION PATHS FOR ROCKY FLATS GLOVEBOXES: EVALUATING OPTIONS  

SciTech Connect

The Kaiser-Hill Company, LLC has the responsibility for closure activities at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS). One of the challenges faced for closure is the disposition of radiologically contaminated gloveboxes. Evaluation of the disposition options for gloveboxes included a detailed analysis of available treatment capabilities, disposal facilities, and lifecycle costs. The Kaiser-Hill Company, LLC followed several processes in determining how the gloveboxes would be managed for disposition. Currently, multiple disposition paths have been chosen to accommodate the needs of the varying styles and conditions of the gloveboxes, meet the needs of the decommissioning team, and to best manage lifecycle costs. Several challenges associated with developing a disposition path that addresses both the radiological and RCRA concerns as well as offering the most cost-effective solution were encountered. These challenges included meeting the radiological waste acceptance criteria of available disposal facilities, making a RCRA determination, evaluating treatment options and costs, addressing void requirements associated with disposal, and identifying packaging and transportation options. The varying disposal facility requirements affected disposition choices. Facility conditions that impacted decisions included radiological and chemical waste acceptance criteria, physical requirements, and measurement for payment options. The facility requirements also impacted onsite activities including management strategies, decontamination activities, and life-cycle cost.

Lobdell, D.; Geimer, R.; Larsen, P.; Loveland, K.

2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

425

Seismic equipment qualification at Rocky Flats Plant: Lessons learned  

SciTech Connect

Seismic equipment qualification is being evaluated as a part of the Systematic Evaluation Program (SEP) at Rocky Flats Plant (RFP). Initially it was believed that the experience database developed by the Seismic Qualification Utility Group (SQUG) for commercial nuclear power plants, as outlined in their Generic Implementation Procedure (GIP), would provide a substantial benefit for the seismic adequacy verification of equipment at RFP. However, further review of the simplified guidelines contained in the GIP with respect to the specific RFP structures and components revealed substantial differences from the GIP criteria. Therefore, the number of ``outliers`` from the experience database defined in the GIP is greater than was initially anticipated. This paper presents details of the differences found between the RFP structures and components and those represented in the GIP, and the challenges presented for their evaluation at RFP. Approaches necessary to develop seismic verification data are also discussed. The discussions focus on experience with one of the nuclear facilities at RFP, Building 707. However, the conclusions are generally applicable to other similar facilities that typically comprise the RFP nuclear facilities.

Peregoy, W.; Herring, K.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

DOE Certifies Rocky Flats Cleanup "Complete" | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Certifies Rocky Flats Cleanup "Complete" Certifies Rocky Flats Cleanup "Complete" DOE Certifies Rocky Flats Cleanup "Complete" December 8, 2005 - 4:45pm Addthis Golden, CO - Deputy Secretary of Energy Clay Sell announced today that the environmental cleanup of the former Rocky Flats site has been certified complete by the U.S. Department of Energy. Certification marks the final step in the DOE's successful effort to clean up and eventually turn over the former weapons production site for use as a National Wildlife Refuge. "With today's announcement, the cleanup chapter of Rocky Flats' history is closed, while another equally important chapter is just being opened," said Deputy Secretary Sell. "This successful cleanup represents a triumph of determination and spirit of cooperation that stands as an example for

427

DOE's Rocky Flats Cleanup Site Named 2006 Project of the Year By Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE's Rocky Flats Cleanup Site Named 2006 Project of the Year By DOE's Rocky Flats Cleanup Site Named 2006 Project of the Year By Project Management Institute DOE's Rocky Flats Cleanup Site Named 2006 Project of the Year By Project Management Institute October 23, 2006 - 9:17am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced that the Project Management Institute (PMI) has awarded its 2006 Project of the Year to DOE's Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site. The award was presented to DOE contractor Kaiser-Hill, LLC during the PMI Global Congress Dinner 2006 on Saturday, October 21st, 2006 in Seattle, Washington. "It is a great honor for the Department of Energy's Rocky Flats safe cleanup and closure effort to be recognized with this prestigious award," James Rispoli, Assistant Secretary of Energy for Environmental

428

DOE's Rocky Flats Cleanup Site Named 2006 Project of the Year By Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE's Rocky Flats Cleanup Site Named 2006 Project of the Year By DOE's Rocky Flats Cleanup Site Named 2006 Project of the Year By Project Management Institute DOE's Rocky Flats Cleanup Site Named 2006 Project of the Year By Project Management Institute October 23, 2006 - 9:17am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced that the Project Management Institute (PMI) has awarded its 2006 Project of the Year to DOE's Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site. The award was presented to DOE contractor Kaiser-Hill, LLC during the PMI Global Congress Dinner 2006 on Saturday, October 21st, 2006 in Seattle, Washington. "It is a great honor for the Department of Energy's Rocky Flats safe cleanup and closure effort to be recognized with this prestigious award," James Rispoli, Assistant Secretary of Energy for Environmental

429

Approaches to Quantify Potential Contaminant Transport in the Lower Carbonate Aquifer from Underground Nuclear Testing at Yucca Flat, Nevada National Security Site, Nye County, Nevada - 12434  

SciTech Connect

Quantitative modeling of the potential for contaminant transport from sources associated with underground nuclear testing at Yucca Flat is an important part of the strategy to develop closure plans for the residual contamination. At Yucca Flat, the most significant groundwater resource that could potentially be impacted is the Lower Carbonate Aquifer (LCA), a regionally extensive aquifer that supplies a significant portion of the water demand at the Nevada National Security Site, formerly the Nevada Test Site. Developing and testing reasonable models of groundwater flow in this aquifer is an important precursor to performing subsequent contaminant transport modeling used to forecast contaminant boundaries at Yucca Flat that are used to identify potential use restriction and regulatory boundaries. A model of groundwater flow in the LCA at Yucca Flat has been developed. Uncertainty in this model, as well as other transport and source uncertainties, is being evaluated as part of the Underground Testing Area closure process. Several alternative flow models of the LCA in the Yucca Flat/Climax Mine CAU have been developed. These flow models are used in conjunction with contaminant transport models and source term models and models of contaminant transport from underground nuclear tests conducted in the overlying unsaturated and saturated alluvial and volcanic tuff rocks to evaluate possible contaminant migration in the LCA for the next 1,000 years. Assuming the flow and transport models are found adequate by NNSA/NSO and NDEP, the models will undergo a peer review. If the model is approved by NNSA/NSO and NDEP, it will be used to identify use restriction and regulatory boundaries at the start of the Corrective Action Decision Document Corrective Action Plan (CADD/CAP) phase of the Corrective Action Strategy. These initial boundaries may be revised at the time of the Closure Report phase of the Corrective Action Strategy. (authors)

Andrews, Robert W.; Birdie, Tiraz [Navarro-INTERA LLC, Las Vegas, Nevada 89030 (United States); Wilborn, Bill; Mukhopadhyay, Bimal [National Nuclear Security Administration/Nevada Site Office, Las Vegas, Nevada 89030 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Site Monitoring Area Maps  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to the Site Monitoring Area (SMA) The Site Monitoring Area sampler Control measures (best management practices) installed at the Site Monitoring Area Structures such as...

431

A Cold War Battlefield: Frenchman Flat Historic District, Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

This report provides the U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office with the documentation necessary to establish the Frenchman Flat Historic District on the Nevada Test Site (NTS). It includes a list of historic properties that contribute to the eligibility of the district for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) and provides contextual information establishing its significance. The list focuses on buildings, structures and features associated with the period of atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons on the NTS between 1951 and 1962. A total of 157 locations of buildings and structures were recorded of which 115 are considered to be eligible for the NRHP. Of these, 28 have one or more associated features which include instrumentation supports, foundations, etc. The large majority of contributing structures are buildings built to study the blast effects of nuclear weaponry. This has resulted in a peculiar accumulation of deteriorated structures that, unlike most historic districts, is best represented by those that are the most damaged. Limitations by radiological control areas, surface exposure and a focus on the concentration of accessible properties on the dry lake bed indicate additional properties exist which could be added to the district on a case-by-case basis.

Johnson, William Gray [DRI; Holz, Barbara A [DRI; Jones, Robert [DRI

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

The behavior of radionuclides in the soils of Rocky Flats, Colorado  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Radionuclide contamination of soils in Rocky Flats, Colorado, resulted from leaking drums of Pu-contaminated oil stored at an outdoor area. To evaluate the mechanisms of radionuclide transport from the contaminated soils to groundwater, an advanced monitoring system was installed across a toposequence. The impact of natural rain, snowmelt, and large-scale rain simulations on the mobility and distribution of the radionuclides in soil interstitial water was studied. The distribution of radionuclides during the monitoring period from 1993 to 1995 suggested that Pu-239 + 240 and Am241 are largely immobile in semi-arid soils. Large-scale rain simulations with a 100-year recurrence interval occasionally remobilized large fluxes of radionuclides that constitute between 1 and 3.3% of the stored Pu and Am in these soils. Fractionation of Pu-239 + 240 and Am-241 to different particle sizes in the soil interstitial water suggested that most of the radionuclides (8397%) were associated with suspended particles, whereas the level of radionuclides associated with colloidal (0.45 ?m > X > 1nm) and nonfilterable (< 1 nm) fractions ranged from 1.5 to 15%.

M.I. Litaor; G. Barth; E.M. Zika; G. Litus; J. Moffitt; H. Daniels

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Development of a new flat stationary evacuated CPC-collector for process heat applications  

SciTech Connect

For the economical supply of solar process heat at temperatures between 120 and 150 C a new non-tracking, flat, low-concentrating collector has been developed. The new collector is an edge ray collector with a concentration of 1.8 and inert gas filling, existing of parallel mounted absorber-reflector units, aligned in east-west direction. The basic concept is the integration of an absorber tube and reflectors inside a low pressure enclosure. Asymmetrical reflectors below the headers with a concentration of 0.6X provide extra radiation and prevent longitudinal radiation losses. To suppress heat losses due to gas-convection inside, air or inert gas like krypton at a pressure below 10 mbar is used. A prototype, with an aperture area of 2.0 m{sup 2}, was tested in Munich and showed efficiencies of about 50% for krypton at 0.01 bar at a temperature of 150 C with a radiation of 1000 W/m{sup 2} (900 W/m{sup 2} direct, ambient temperature 20 C). (author)

Buttinger, Frank; Beikircher, Thomas; Proell, Markus; Schoelkopf, Wolfgang [Bavarian Center for Applied Energy Research (ZAE Bayern), Technology for Energy Systems and Renewable Energies, Walther-Meissner-Str. 6, 85748 Garching (Germany)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

Tennessee: Bringing Jobs and Economic Development to Piney Flats...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

in its production area, install timers on overhead lights, replace gas furnaces with heat pumps, insulate its entire facility, reduce the size of its bay door and add air...

435

?Framework for a Risk-Informed Groundwater Compliance Strategy for Corrective Action Unit 98: Frenchman Flat, Nevada National Security Site, Nye County, Nevada, Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

Note: This document was prepared before the NTS was renamed the Nevada National Security Site (August 23, 2010); thus, all references to the site herein remain NTS. Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 98, Frenchman Flat, at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) was the location of ten underground nuclear tests between 1965 and 1971. As a result, radionuclides were released in the subsurface in the vicinity of the test cavities. Corrective Action Unit 98 and other CAUs at the NTS and offsite locations are being investigated. The Frenchman Flat CAU is one of five Underground Test Area (UGTA) CAUs at the NTS that are being evaluated as potential sources of local or regional impact to groundwater resources. For UGTA sites, including Frenchman Flat, contamination in and around the test cavities will not be remediated because it is technologically infeasible due to the depth of the test cavities (150 to 2,000 feet [ft] below ground surface) and the volume of contaminated groundwater at widely dispersed locations on the NTS. Instead, the compliance strategy for these sites is to model contaminant flow and transport, estimate the maximum spatial extent and volume of contaminated groundwater (over a period of 1,000 years), maintain institutional controls, and restrict access to potentially contaminated groundwater at areas where contaminants could migrate beyond the NTS boundaries.

Sam Marutzky

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Kinetic studies for elucidation of the promoter effect of alkali in Fischer-Tropsch iron catalysts  

SciTech Connect

The kinetics of the formation of hydrocarbons in Fischer-Tropsch synthesis and of consecutive reactions, i.e., hydrogenation and double bond isomerization of primarily formed 1-alkenes, were studied in a slurry-phase reactor using alkalized and nonalkalized precipitated iron catalysts. Both consecutive reactions have an order of about -2 with respect to carbon monoxide and an order of about 1 with respect to 1-alkenes. The order with respect to hydrogen is 1 for the hydrocarbon formation and also 1 for the consecutive hydrogenation, but 0 for the consecutive isomerization. The reaction orders are not changed by addition of K{sub 2}CO{sub 3} to the catalyst. The kinetics of consecutive reactions can be interpreted by competitive adsorption of 1-alkene and carbon monoxide. Alkali addition causes an increase in the strength of carbon monoxide adsorption and consequently a decrease in 1-alkene adsorption so that the rates of the consecutive reactions are reduced. This hypothesis could be proved by studies of 1-hexene hydrogenation in the presence and absence of carbon monoxide for alkalized and nonalkalized iron catalysts. The kinetics were studied in the ranges 1.3 < P{sub CO}(10{sup 5} Pa) < 7, 1.6 < P{sub H{sub 2}}(10{sup 5} Pa) < 9, and 490 K < T < 530 K.

Herzog, K.; Gaube, J. (Institut fuer Chemische Technologie der Technischen Hochschule Darmstadt, Darmstadt (West Germany))

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Durability and microstructure characteristics of alkali activated coal bottom ash geopolymer cement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Many studies have focused on the production of mortar and concrete without cement. This is referred to as geopolymer mortar or concrete. This paper discusses the effect of alkali oxides (Na2O=8, 12, 16wt.% and SiO2=0, 4, 8, 12wt.%) on compressive strength, microstructure and durability of circulating fluidized bed combustion coal bottom ash (CBA) geopolymer cements (GC). Durability and morphology tests were carried out through heating and freezing tests. The highest compressive strength (25.83MPa) was achieved at Na2O wt.%=12, SiO2 wt.%=8. The optimum atomic ratios for a compact microstructure were obtained for Si/Al between 3.5 and 4 and Si/Na close to 0.5. Following the sintering, the main reaction products (N-A-S-H gel) became more amorphous at 800C, attaining Si/Al and Si/Na atomic ratios of 4.54 and 0.98. Sodium carbonate formation was observed at 800C. Also, the strength loss of GC was only 6.77% after 30 freeze-thaw cycles. The results show that durable geopolymer concrete without cement can be produced by using waste bottom coal ash. Therefore, the production of geopolymer concrete has a high environmental impact, decreasing waste material in addition to global warming.

?lker Bekir Topu; Mehmet U?ur Toprak; Tayfun Uyguno?lu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Theory of the alkali-metal chemisorption on metal surfaces. II.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electronic structure of alkali-metal adlayers on metal surfaces is studied by first-principles calculations within the local-density-functional theory as a function of coverage (?). Hexagonal Na layers with varying lattice constants are used as adlayers, and the substrate is modeled by the semi-infinite jellium with rs=2, 3, and 4. The results obtained refine upon those in a previous work where the substrate was approximated by a jellium slab [Phys. Rev. B 38, 8006 (1988)]. In spite of the large potential lowering in the vacuum, the density of states in a Na sphere is rather insensitive to ?, except that the atomiclike resonances at low ? are broadened with increasing ? because of the formation of adlayer bands. For all the substrates, the bonding-antibonding boundary with regard to the Na-jellium bonding coincides with the Fermi level at the lowest ?, which implies that the covalency in the Na-jellium bond and the interatomic polarization term in the Na-induced dipole moment become the largest at the lowest ?. The rapid decrease of the dipole moment at higher ? is caused mainly by the direct Na-Na interaction due to the orbital overlap, which leads to a stronger Na-Na bond and simultaneously to a weaker Na-jellium bond, rather than by the indirect dipole-dipole interaction.

H. Ishida

1990-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

439

Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 97: Yucca Flat/Climax Mine, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada with ROTCs 1, 2, and 3 (Revision 0, September 2000)  

SciTech Connect

This Corrective Action Investigation Plan contains the U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office's (DOE/NV's) approach to collect the data necessary to evaluate Corrective Action Alternatives (CAAs) appropriate for the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 97 under the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO). Corrective Action Unit 97, collectively known as the Yucca Flat/Climax Mine CAU, consists of 720 Corrective Action Sites (CASs). The Yucca Flat/Climax Mine CAU extends over several areas of the NTS and constitutes one of several areas used for underground nuclear testing in the past. The nuclear tests resulted in groundwater contamination in the vicinity as well as downgradient of the underground test areas. Based on site history, the Yucca Flat underground nuclear tests were conducted in alluvial, volcanic, and carbonate rocks; whereas, the Climax Mine tests were conducted in an igneous intrusion located in northern Yucca Flat. Particle-tracking simulations performed during the regional evaluation indicate that the local Climax Mine groundwater flow system merges into the much larger Yucca Flat groundwater flow systems during the 1,000-year time period of interest. Addressing these two areas jointly and simultaneously investigating them as a combined CAU has been determined the best way to proceed with corrective action investigation (CAI) activities. The purpose and scope of the CAI includes characterization activities and model development conducted in five major sequential steps designed to be consistent with FFACO Underground Test Area Project's strategy to predict the location of the contaminant boundary, develop and implement a corrective action, and close each CAU. The results of this field investigation will support a defensible evaluation of CAAs in the subsequent corrective action decision document.

Andrews, Robert; Marutzky, Sam

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

A groundwater flow and transport model of long-term radionuclide migration in central Frenchman flat, Nevada test site  

SciTech Connect

A set of groundwater flow and transport models were created for the Central Testing Area of Frenchman Flat at the former Nevada Test Site to investigate the long-term consequences of a radionuclide migration experiment that was done between 1975 and 1990. In this experiment, radionuclide migration was induced from a small nuclear test conducted below the water table by pumping a well 91 m away. After radionuclides arrived at the pumping well, the contaminated effluent was discharged to an unlined ditch leading to a playa where it was expected to evaporate. However, recent data from a well near the ditch and results from detailed models of the experiment by LLNL personnel have convincingly demonstrated that radionuclides from the ditch eventually reached the water table some 220 m below land surface. The models presented in this paper combine aspects of these detailed models with concepts of basin-scale flow to estimate the likely extent of contamination resulting from this experiment over the next 1,000 years. The models demonstrate that because regulatory limits for radionuclide concentrations are exceeded only by tritium and the half-life of tritium is relatively short (12.3 years), the maximum extent of contaminated groundwater has or will soon be reached, after which time the contaminated plume will begin to shrink because of radioactive decay. The models also show that past and future groundwater pumping from water supply wells within Frenchman Flat basin will have negligible effects on the extent of the plume.

Kwicklis, Edward Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Becker, Naomi M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ruskauff, Gregory [NAVARRO-INTERA, LLC.; De Novio, Nicole [GOLDER AND ASSOC.; Wilborn, Bill [US DOE NNSA NSO

2010-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alkali flat area" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Transportation of pyrochemical salts from Rocky Flats to Los Alamos  

SciTech Connect

Radioactive legacy wastes or residues are currently being stored on numerous Sites around the former Department of Energy`s (DOE) Nuclear Weapons Complex. Since most of the operating facilities were shut down and have not operated since before the declared end to the Cold War in 1993, the historical method for treating these residues no longer exists. The risk associated with continued storage of these residues will dramatically increase with time. Thus, the DOE was directed by the Defense Nuclear Facility Safety Board in its Recommendation 94-1 to address and stabilize these residues and established an eight year time frame for doing so. There are only two options available to respond to this requirement: (1) restart existing facilities to treat and package the residues for disposal or (2) transport the residues to another operating facility within the Complex where they can be treated and packaged for disposal. This paper focuses on one such residue type, pyrochemical salts, produced at one Complex site, the Rocky Flats Plant located northwest of Denver, Colorado. One option for treating the salts is their shipment to Los Alamos, New Mexico, for handling at the Plutonium Facility. The safe transportation of these salts can be accomplished at present with several shipping containers including a DOT 6M, a DOE 9968, Type A or Type B quantity 55-gallon drum overpacks, or even the TRUPACT II. The tradeoffs between each container is examined with the conclusion that none of the available shipping containers is fully satisfactory. Thus, the advantageous aspects of each container must be utilized in an integrated and efficient way to effectively manage the risk involved. 1 fig.

Schreiber, S.B.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Interacting Ghost Dark Energy in Non-Flat Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new dark energy model called "ghost dark energy" was recently suggested to explain the observed accelerating expansion of the universe. This model originates from the Veneziano ghost of QCD. The dark energy density is proportional to Hubble parameter, $\\rho_D=\\alpha H$, where $\\alpha$ is a constant of order $\\Lambda_{\\rm QCD}^3$ and $\\Lambda_{\\rm QCD}\\sim 100 MeV$ is QCD mass scale. In this paper, we extend the ghost dark energy model to the universe with spatial curvature in the presence of interaction between dark matter and dark energy. We study cosmological implications of this model in detail. In the absence of interaction the equation of state parameter of ghost dark energy is always $w_D > -1 $ and mimics a cosmological constant in the late time, while it is possible to have $w_D dark energy in flat universe are recovered. To check the observational consistency, we use Supernova type Ia (SNIa) Gold sample, shift parameter of Cosmic Microwave Background radiation (CMB) and the Baryonic Acoustic Oscillation peak from Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). The best fit values of free parameter at $1\\sigma$ confidence interval are: $\\Omega_m^0= 0.35^{+0.02}_{-0.03}$, $\\Omega_D^0=0.75_{-0.04}^{+0.01}$ and $b^2=0.08^{+0.03}_{-0.03}$. Consequently the total energy density of universe at present time in this model at 68% level equates to $\\Omega_{\\rm tot}^0=1.10^{+0.02}_{-0.05}$.

A. Sheykhi; M. Sadegh Movahed

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

443

Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Imaging of Spherical and Flat Counterfaces of Ultrananocrystalline Diamond Tribological Contacts: A Correlation of Surface Chemistry and Friction  

SciTech Connect

A recently installed synchrotron radiation near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) full field imaging electron spectrometer was used to spatially resolve the chemical changes of both counterfaces from an ultra-nanocrystalline diamond (UNCD) tribological contact. A silicon flat and Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} sphere were both coated with UNCD, and employed to form two wear tracks on the flat in a linear reciprocating tribometer. The first wear track was produced using a new, unconditioned sphere whose surface was thus conditioned during this first experiment. This led to faster run-in and lower friction when producing a second wear track using the conditioned sphere. The large depth of field of the magnetically guided NEXAFS imaging detector enabled rapid, large area spectromicroscopic imaging of both the spherical and flat surfaces. Laterally resolved NEXAFS data from the tribological contact area revealed that both substrates had an as-grown surface layer that contained a higher fraction of sp{sup 2}-bonded carbon and oxygen which was mechanically removed. Unlike the flat, the film on the sphere showed evidence of having graphitic character, both before and after sliding. These results show that the graphitic character of the sphere is not solely responsible for low friction and short run-in. Rather, conditioning the sphere, likely by removing asperities and passivating dangling bonds, leads to lower friction with less chemical modification of the substrate in subsequent tests. The new NEXAFS imaging spectroscopy detector enabled a more complete understanding of the tribological phenomena by imaging, for the first time, the surface chemistry of the spherical counterface which had been in continual contact during wear track formation.

A Konicek; C Jaye; M Hamilton; W Sawyer; D Fischer; R Carpick

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

444

Formation of compressed flat electron beams with high transverse-emittance ratios  

SciTech Connect

Flat beamsbeams with asymmetric transverse emittanceshave important applications in novel light-source concepts and advanced-acceleration schemes and could possibly alleviate the need for damping rings in lepton colliders. Over the last decade, a flat beam generation technique based on the conversion of an angular-momentum-dominated beam was proposed and experimentally tested. In this paper we explore the production of compressed flat beams. We especially investigate and optimize the flat beam transformation for beams with substantial fractional energy spread. We use as a simulation example the photoinjector of Fermilabs Advanced Superconducting Test Accelerator. The optimizations of the flat beam generation and compression at Advanced Superconducting Test Accelerator were done via start-to-end numerical simulations for bunch charges of 3.2 nC, 1.0 nC, and 20 pC at ?37??MeV. The optimized emittances of flat beams with different bunch charges were found to be 0.25???m (emittance ratio is ?400), 0.13????m, 15 nm before compression, and 0.41???m, 0.20???m, 16 nm after full compression, respectively, with peak currents as high as 5.5 kA for a 3.2?nC flat beam. These parameters are consistent with requirements needed to excite wakefields in asymmetric dielectric-lined waveguides or produce significant photon flux using small-gap micro-undulators.

Zhu, J. [Fermilab; Institute of Fluid Physics, CAEP, China; Piot, P. [Northern Illinois University; Fermilab; Mihalcea, D. [Northern Illinois University; Prokop, C. R. [Northern Illinois University

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Completion Report for Model Evaluation Well ER-11-2: Corrective Action Unit 98: Frenchman Flat  

SciTech Connect

Model Evaluation Well ER-11-2 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office in support of Nevada Environmental Management Operations at the Nevada National Security Site (formerly known as the Nevada Test Site). The well was drilled in August 2012 as part of a model evaluation program in the Frenchman Flat area of Nye County, Nevada. The primary purpose of the well was to provide detailed geologic, hydrogeologic, chemical, and radionuclide data that can be used to test and build confidence in the applicability of the Frenchman Flat Corrective Action Unit flow and transport models for their intended purpose. In particular, this well was designed to provide data to evaluate the uncertainty in model forecasts of contaminant migration from the upgradient underground nuclear test PIN STRIPE, conducted in borehole U-11b in 1966. Well ER-11-2 will provide information that can be used to refine the Phase II Frenchman Flat hydrostratigraphic framework model if necessary, as well as to support future groundwater flow and transport modeling. The main 31.1-centimeter (cm) hole was drilled to a total depth of 399.6 meters (m). A completion casing string was not set in Well ER-11-2. However, a piezometer string was installed in the 31.1-cm open hole. The piezometer is composed of 7.3-cm stainless-steel tubing hung on 6.0-cm carbon-steel tubing via a crossover sub. The piezometer string was landed at 394.5 m, for monitoring the lower tuff confining unit. Data collected during and shortly after hole construction include composite drill cuttings samples collected every 3.0 m, various geophysical logs, water quality (including tritium and other test-related radionuclides) measurements, and water level measurements. The well penetrated 42.7 m of Quaternary and Tertiary alluvium and 356.9 m of Tertiary volcanic rock. The water-level measured in the piezometer string on September 25, 2012, was 353.8 m below ground surface. No tritium above levels detectable by field methods were encountered in this hole. No well development or hydrologic testing was conducted in this well immediately after completion, and future well development, sampling, and hydrologic testing planned for this well will be limited due to the diameter of the piezometer string. The stratigraphy, general lithology, and the water level are as expected, but the section of geology encountered is higher than expected due to faulting. No tritium above the minimum detection limit of the field equipment was detected because the target aquifer (the Topopah Spring aquifer) at Well ER-11-2 is structurally higher than expected and thus unsaturated.

NSTec Underground Test Area and Boreholes Programs and Operations

2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

446

Evaluation of Groundwater Movement in the Frenchman Flat CAU Using Geochemical and Isotopic Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The principal pathway for radionuclide migration from underground tests in Frenchman Flat, on the Nevada Test Site, to the accessible environment is groundwater flow. Two potential pathways for radionuclide transport via groundwater have been identified from hydrologic data: (1) radionuclide transport downward from the alluvial and volcanic aquifers into the underlying carbonate aquifer; and (2) radionuclide transport laterally to the carbonate aquifer surrounding Frenchman Flat. This report presents an evaluation of geochemical and environmental isotopic data to test these potential pathways and to identify other groundwater flowpaths in, and out of, Frenchman Flat.

R. Hershey; J. Thomas; T. Rose; J. Paces; I. Farnham; C. Benedict, Jr.

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Seismic rehabilitation of a reinforced concrete flat-slab structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The ground motion records used for the dynamic nonlinear analyses included a ground motion recorded within 0.6 mi. (1 km) of the study building and a synthetic ground motion representative of the mid-west and east coast area of the United States....

Jimenez, Laila Margarita

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

448

Transformation of alkali metals during pyrolysis and gasification of a lignite  

SciTech Connect

Transformation of Na and K in a lignite was investigated during pyrolysis and gasification in a fixed-bed by using a serial dissolution method with H{sub 2}O, CH{sub 3}COONH{sub 4}, and HCl solutions. The evolution of the fractions of four forms in solid and alkali volatilization during pyrolysis and gasification was determined. The results show that a different mode of occurrence between Na and of K in coal existed. Na in coal can be nearly completely dissolved by H{sub 2}O, CH{sub 3}COONH{sub 4}, and HCl solution. However, K in coal exists almost in the stable forms. Both H{sub 2}O soluble and CH{sub 3}COONH{sub 4} soluble Na and K fractions decline during pyrolysis and early gasification stage and increase a little with the process of char gasification. The stable form Na in the char produced during pyrolysis is transferred to other forms during char gasification via the pore opening and a series of chemical reactions. Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} (K{sub 2}SO{sub 4}) may play an important role in producing stable forms such as Na{sub 2}O.Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}2SiO{sub 2} and K{sub 2}O.Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}.2SiO{sub 2} during pyrolysis. The fraction of HCl soluble K increases during pyrolysis but decreases markedly during the early gasification stage. 20 refs., 7 figs., 1 tabs.

Xiaofang Wei; Jiejie Huang; Tiefeng Liu; Yitian Fang; Yang Wang [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taiyuan (China). Institute of Coal Chemistry

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

449

Quantum magnetism in ultracold alkali and alkaline-earth fermion systems with symplectic symmetry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We numerically study the quantum magnetism of ultracold alkali and alkaline-earth fermion systems with large hyperfine spin F=32, which are characterized by a generic Sp(N) symmetry with N=4. The methods of exact diagonalization (ED) and density matrix renormalization group are employed for the large size one-dimensional (1D) systems, and the ED method is applied to a two-dimensional (2D) square lattice on small sizes. We focus on the magnetic exchange models in the Mott-insulating state at quarter-filling. Both 1D and 2D systems exhibit rich phase diagrams depending on the ratio between the spin exchanges J0 and J2 in the bond spin singlet and quintet channels, respectively. In one dimension, the ground states exhibit a long-range-ordered dimerization with a finite spin gap at J0/J2>1 and a gapless spin-liquid state at J0/J2?1, respectively. In the former and latter cases, the correlation functions exhibit the two-site and four-site periodicities, respectively. In two-dimensions, various spin-correlation functions are calculated up to the size of 44. The Nel-type spin correlation dominates at large values of J0/J2, while a 22 plaquette correlation is prominent at small values of this ratio. Between them, a columnar spin-Peierls dimerization correlation peaks. We infer the competition among the plaquette ordering, the dimer ordering, and the Nel ordering in the 2D system.

Hsiang-Hsuan Hung; Yupeng Wang; Congjun Wu

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

450

Study of alkali- and sulfur-enhanced corrosion of advanced energy systems. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The initial stage of MHD anode corrosion process appears to be dominated by out-diffusion of metallic species into the powder deposit. In addition, K and S appear to diffuse into the native oxide and underlying metal substrate. The out-diffusion process clearly leads to a loss of metal species from either the native oxide or metal substrate, while in-diffusion leads to the formation of sulfides and possibly to the accumulation of K containing compounds which may ultimately flux the protective oxide scale. The results for MHD anodes may be compared with those from previous studies of alkali-sulfur enhanced corrosion of turbine alloys. Although the specific details of these studies differ, both agree that rapid or catastrophic corrosion is preceded by a variable length induction period. During this period, relatively small changes in weight are observed. However, the protective metal oxide scale is breached which establishes the condition for rapid direct attack by condensed corrosive deposits. Thus, the mechanisms and kinetics of processes associated with the induction period are of great interest in understanding the survivability of various alloys. In the corrosion modeling effort, it was found that a simple model which considered only the diffusion-limited corrosion of iron did not correctly predict the iron corrosion product species for iron-based alloys. This lack of agreement was due to the absence of the treatment of other metal constituents in the alloy which form corrosion products. A more detailed model which includes equilibrium and diffusion relations for all metal species is required for accurate modeling of the corrosion product composition. 14 refs.

Stinespring, C.; Annen, K.; Stewart, G.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

VWZ-0008 - In the Matter of EG&G Rocky Flats, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VWZ-0008 - In the Matter of EG&G Rocky Flats, Inc. VWZ-0008 - In the Matter of EG&G Rocky Flats, Inc. VWZ-0008 - In the Matter of EG&G Rocky Flats, Inc. This decision will consider a Motion for Partial Dismissal and Limitation on Scope of Complainant's Claims filed by EG&G Rocky Flats, Inc. (EG&G) on June 13, 1997. In its motion, EG&G seeks partial dismissal of the underlying complaint and hearing request filed by Arthur Murfin (Murfin) under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. Murfin's request for a hearing under 10 C.F.R. § 708.9 was filed on January 27, 1997, and it has been assigned Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) Case No. VWA-0016. vwz0008.pdf More Documents & Publications LWA-0010 - In the Matter of Howard W. Spaletta

452

Numerical Analysis of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer within Grooved Flat Mini Heat Pipes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Theoretical study is carried out in order to verify the Mini Heat Pipe (MHP) concept for cooling high ... as an integrated part of a Flat Mini Heat Pipe (FMHP). Hence, a detailed ... with axial microchannels is...

Jed Mansouri; Samah Maalej; Mohamed Sassi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Investigation of the fluid temperature field inside a flat-plate solar collector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimental study was conducted to investigate fluid temperature fields inside a flat-plate solar collector tube. The results show the highest fluid ... tube, whereas, the temperature field in the horizontal ...

Gurveer Sandhu; Kamran Siddiqui

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

E-Print Network 3.0 - atomically flat gold Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of micron-sized wires, fabricated lithographically on a flat... 12;456 Fabrication of micro-magnetic traps for cold neutral atoms 1 m of gold is reasonable... -magnetic traps...

455

Experimental Investigations of Vortex Induced Vibration of A Flat Plate in Pitch Oscillation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A bluff structure placed in a flowing fluid, may be subjected to vortex-induced vibrations (VIV). For a flat plate with only rotational degree of freedom, the VIV is rotational oscillation. Based on the experimental investigation, vortex...

Yang, Yi

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

456

E-Print Network 3.0 - amorphous silicon flat Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cells n Sensors n Flat Panels n IC Circuits... and low-performance, low-cost amorphous film solar cells. n Potential for high ... Source: Los Alamos National Laboratory,...

457

The damped natural oscillations of a gas flowing past a cascade of flat plates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We solve the problem of the natural oscillations of a gas flowing past a cascade of flat plates under the Joukowsky-Chaplygin ... case part of the energy of the oscillating gas is consumed in the formation of a ....

V. B. Kurzin

458

Preliminary Notice of Violation, Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site- EA-96-05  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Preliminary Notice of Violation issued to Safe Sites of Colorado related to Radiological and Work Control Deficiencies associated with Two Radiological Release Events at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site, (EA-96-05)

459

Multi-objective genetic algorithm for the optimization of a flat-plate solar thermal collector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a multi-objective genetic algorithm we developed for the optimization of a flat-plate solar thermal collector. This collector consists of a waffle-shaped Al substrate with...

Mayer, Alexandre; Gaouyat, Lucie; Nicolay, Delphine; Carletti, Timoteo; Deparis, Olivier

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Outdoor and Indoor Testing to Increase the Efficiency and Durability of Flat Plate Solar Thermal Collectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the test performed on the solar thermal flat plate collector and the effect of saline aerosol on the solar thermal conversion; an assembly of testing rigs developed ... presented; the rigs all...

Daniela Ciobanu; Ion Visa; Anca Duta

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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461

ORGANISM-SEDIMENT RELATIONSHIPS ON A MODERN TIDAL FLAT, BODEGA HARBOR, CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ORGANISM-SEDIMENT RELATIONSHIPS ON A MODERN TIDAL FLAT, BODEGA HARBOR, CALIFORNIA Thomas E. Ronan r e d from prevailing northwesterly winds by a rocky peninsula, Bodega Head, and a beach and dune

Farmer, Jack D.

462

A Stochastic Advection-Diffusion Model for the Rocky Flats Soil Plutonium Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An advection-diffusion equation with time and space dependent random coefficients is derived as a model for the plutonium concentration changes in the surface soil around the Rocky Flats Plant northwest of Denver...

Jaroslav Mohapl

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Comparison and evaluation of turbulence estimation schemes at Rocky Flats Plant  

SciTech Connect

The Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) routinely measures meteorological data to support Air Quality and Emergency Response activities. These data help to characterize the transport and dispersion of actual or potential airborne releases of radionuclides or other hazardous materials.

Bowen, B.M.; Pamp, S.E.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Physicochemical Speciation of Americium in Soils from Rocky Flats, Colorado, USA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of the research was to characterize the 241Am distribution in six operationally defined chemical and mineralogical phases of soil samples taken from the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RF...

S. A. Ibrahim; W. R. Salazar

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

SIR: a simple indexing and retrieval system for biological flat file databases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......can be used to build a primary index. The flat file databank, SWISSPROT...shows the module that builds indices. Indexing SWISSPROT (release...deletion and length. After the completion of index building the system is ready for......

Chenna Ramu

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

High-speed temporal characterization and visualization of spatial light modulators and flat-panel displays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An apparatus that can characterize and visualize temporal dynamics of spatial light modulators (SLMs) and flat-panel displays is constructed and evaluated by use of a commercially...

Paek, Eung G; Wilson, C L; Roberts, J W; Watson, C I

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Idaho National Engineering Laboratory code assessment of the Rocky Flats transuranic waste  

SciTech Connect

This report is an assessment of the content codes associated with transuranic waste shipped from the Rocky Flats Plant in Golden, Colorado, to INEL. The primary objective of this document is to characterize and describe the transuranic wastes shipped to INEL from Rocky Flats by item description code (IDC). This information will aid INEL in determining if the waste meets the waste acceptance criteria (WAC) of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). The waste covered by this content code assessment was shipped from Rocky Flats between 1985 and 1989. These years coincide with the dates for information available in the Rocky Flats Solid Waste Information Management System (SWIMS). The majority of waste shipped during this time was certified to the existing WIPP WAC. This waste is referred to as precertified waste. Reassessment of these precertified waste containers is necessary because of changes in the WIPP WAC. To accomplish this assessment, the analytical and process knowledge available on the various IDCs used at Rocky Flats were evaluated. Rocky Flats sources for this information include employee interviews, SWIMS, Transuranic Waste Certification Program, Transuranic Waste Inspection Procedure, Backlog Waste Baseline Books, WIPP Experimental Waste Characterization Program (headspace analysis), and other related documents, procedures, and programs. Summaries are provided of: (a) certification information, (b) waste description, (c) generation source, (d) recovery method, (e) waste packaging and handling information, (f) container preparation information, (g) assay information, (h) inspection information, (i) analytical data, and (j) RCRA characterization.

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Comparative risk analysis for the Rocky Flats Plant Integrated Project Planning  

SciTech Connect

The Rocky Flats Plant is developing a comprehensive planning strategy that will support transition of the Rocky Flats Plant from a nuclear weapons production facility to site cleanup and final disposition. Final disposition of the Rocky Flats Plant materials and contaminants requires consideration of the interrelated nature of sitewide problems, such as material movement and disposition, facility and land use endstates, costs, relative risks to workers and the public, and waste disposition. Comparative Risk Analysis employs both incremental risk and cumulative risk evaluations to compare risk from postulated options or endstates. Comparative Risk Analysis is an analytical tool for the Rocky Flats Plant Integrated Project Planning which can assist a decision-maker in evaluating relative risks among proposed remedial options or future endstates. It addresses the cumulative risks imposed by the Rocky Flats Plant and provides risk information, both human health and ecological, to aid in reducing unnecessary resource and monetary expenditures. Currently, there is no approved methodology that aggregates various risk estimates. Along with academic and field expert review, the Comparative Risk Analysis methodology is being reviewed and refined. A Rocky Flats Plant Risk Assessment Focus Group was established. Stakeholder involvement in the development provides an opportunity to influence the information delivered to a decision-maker. This paper discusses development of the methodology.

Jones, M.E. [EG& G Rocky Flats, Inc., Englewood, CO (United States); Shain, D.I. [EG& G Rocky Flats, Inc., Golden, CO (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

469

Analysis of offsite Emergency Planning Zones (EPZ) for the Rocky Flats Plant  

SciTech Connect

This project plan for Phase II summarizes the design of a project to complete analysis of offsite Emergency Planning Zones (EPZ) for the Rocky Flats Plant. Federal, state, and local governments develop emergency plans for facilities that may affect the public in the event of an accidental release of nuclear or hazardous materials. One of the purposes of these plans is to identify EPZs where actions might be necessary to protect public health. Public protective actions include sheltering, evacuation, and relocation. Agencies use EPZs to develop response plans and to determine needed resources. The State of Colorado, with support from the US Department of Energy (DOE) and Rocky Flats contractors, has developed emergency plans and EPZs for the Rocky Flats Plant periodically beginning in 1980. In Phase II, Interim Emergency Planning Zones Analysis, Maximum Credible Accident'' we will utilize the current Rocky Flats maximum credible accident (MCA), existing dispersion methodologies, and upgraded dosimetry methodologies to update the radiological EPZs. Additionally, we will develop recommendations for EPZs for nonradiological hazardous materials releases and evaluate potential surface water releases from the facility. This project will allow EG G Rocky Flats to meet current commitments to the state of Colorado and make steady, tangible improvements in our understanding of risk to offsite populations during potential emergencies at the Rocky Flats Plant. 8 refs., 5 figs., 4 tabs.

Hodgin, C.R.; Armstrong, C.; Daugherty, N.M.; Foppe, T.L.; Petrocchi, A.J.; Southward, B.

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Structure of the Alkali-metal-atom-Strontium molecular ions: towards photoassociation and formation of cold molecular ions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The potential energy curves, permanent and transition dipole moments, and the static dipolar polarizability, of molecular ions composed of one alkali-metal atom and a Strontium ion are determined with a quantum chemistry approach. The molecular ions are treated as effective two-electron systems and are treated using effective core potentials including core polarization, large gaussian basis sets, and full configuration interaction. In the perspective of upcoming experiments aiming at merging cold atom and cold ion traps, possible paths for radiative charge exchange, photoassociation of a cold Lithium or Rubidium atom and a Strontium ion are discussed, as well as the formation of stable molecular ions.

Mireille Aymar; Romain Gurout; Olivier Dulieu

2011-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

471

Structure of the alkali-metal-atom + strontium molecular ions: Towards photoassociation and formation of cold molecular ions  

SciTech Connect

The potential energy curves, permanent and transition dipole moments, and the static dipolar polarizability, of molecular ions composed of one alkali-metal atom and a strontium ion are determined with a quantum chemistry approach. The molecular ions are treated as effective two-electron systems and are treated using effective core potentials including core polarization, large gaussian basis sets, and full configuration interaction. In the perspective of upcoming experiments aiming at merging cold atom and cold ion traps, possible paths for radiative charge exchange, photoassociation of a cold lithium or rubidium atom and a strontium ion are discussed, as well as the formation of stable molecular ions.

Aymar, M.; Dulieu, O. [Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS, UPR3321, Ba circumflex t. 505, Univ Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Guerout, R. [Laboratoire Kastler-Brossel, CNRS, ENS, Univ Pierre et Marie Curie case 74, Campus Jussieu, F-75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France)

2011-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

472

Structure of the Alkali-metal-atom-Strontium molecular ions: towards photoassociation and formation of cold molecular ions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The potential energy curves, permanent and transition dipole moments, and the static dipolar polarizability, of molecular ions composed of one alkali-metal atom and a Strontium ion are determined with a quantum chemistry approach. The molecular ions are treated as effective two-electron systems and are treated using effective core potentials including core polarization, large gaussian basis sets, and full configuration interaction. In the perspective of upcoming experiments aiming at merging cold atom and cold ion traps, possible paths for radiative charge exchange, photoassociation of a cold Lithium or Rubidium atom and a Strontium ion are discussed, as well as the formation of stable molecular ions.

Aymar, Mireille; Dulieu, Olivier

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Physical origin of chemical trends in glass formation in alkali tellurites: Reconciliation of constraint theory with experiments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A chemical trend in glass formation with alkali atom (Li, Na, K) in tellurite glasses is recognized, whose physical origin is revealed by a recently formulated approach to the constraint theory of glasses [Phys. Rev. B 60, 11 859 (1999)]. In this work, the parameters appearing in the constraint theory are directly related to quantities derived from atomic structure studies, which facilitates the understanding of glass formation in ionic glasses. As a corollary, the issue of coordination number that has to be considered in the theory, and which has been debated in the literature, is clarified.

R. Aravinda Narayanan

2001-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

474

Effect of Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metallic Species on Biochar Reactivity and Syngas Compositions during Steam Gasification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Effect of Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metallic Species on Biochar Reactivity and Syngas Compositions during Steam Gasification ... Briefly, a biomass or biochar sample, held in a platinum (Pt) crucible, was ashed in air following a specially designed ashing program that raised the temperature to a final temperature of 600 C at a very slow heating rate in order to prevent the ignition of the biomass/biochar hence to avoid the loss of AAEM species from the sample during oxidation. ... Therefore, wood may be a good fuel based on the consideration that this would potentially reduce the ash-related operation problems in a gasifier. ...

Kongvui Yip; Fujun Tian; Jun-ichiro Hayashi; Hongwei Wu

2009-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

475

Heat Transfer -2 A heat generating ( ) flat plate fuel element of thickness 2L is covered with flat plate steel cladding of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with flat plate steel cladding of thickness b. The heat generated is removed by a fluid at T, which adjoins on both sides On the sketch show regions where dT/dx is zero, constant and increasing. T , h x LL bb SteelSteel

Virginia Tech

476

The Inverted Block Rate:The Inverted Block Rate: An Alternative to Flat Rate BillingAn Alternative to Flat Rate Billing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Inverted Block Rate:The Inverted Block Rate: An Alternative to Flat Rate BillingAn Alternative;Inverted Block RateInverted Block Rate 22 IntroductionIntroduction ·· Modern societies rely on electrical collectionMetering and Rate Models facilitate collection #12;Inverted Block RateInverted Block Rate 33 Rate

Hughes, Larry

477

Flat Plate PV Module Eligibility Listing Procedure Updated 6/2/14 Senate Bill 1 (SB1) defines the solar incentive programs for California, and flat plate PV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

programs for investor owned utility (IOU) territories, the California Solar Initiative (CSI) and the New the solar incentive programs for California, and flat plate PV modules 1 must be listed on the SB1 Solar Homes Partnership (NSHP), as well as solar incentive programs administered by publicly owned

478

Large area, surface discharge pumped, vacuum ultraviolet light source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Large area, surface discharge pumped, vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) light source is disclosed. A contamination-free VUV light source having a 225 cm{sup 2} emission area in the 240-340 nm region of the electromagnetic spectrum with an average output power in this band of about 2 J/cm{sup 2} at a wall-plug efficiency of approximately 5% is described. Only ceramics and metal parts are employed in this surface discharge source. Because of the contamination-free, high photon energy and flux, and short pulse characteristics of the source, it is suitable for semiconductor and flat panel display material processing. 3 figs.

Sze, R.C.; Quigley, G.P.

1996-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

479

Hydrogeologic investigation of the Maxey Flats radioactive waste burial site, Fleming County, Kentucky  

SciTech Connect

Part of a hilltop named Maxey Flats was used as a commercial radioactive waste burial site from 1963 to 1977. The hill is about 9 miles from the city of Morehead. The climate of the area is humid, with normal annual precipitation 44.30 in. for the period 1941 through 1970. Most of the 47 burial trenches on the site are completed in weathered shale. They are covered with clay and crushed shale, but water infiltrates the covers and accumulates in the waste. The contaminated trench water is later removed and evaporated. Assuming water in trenches would not overflow onto the ground surface, flow through fractured rocks would be the principal means of contaminated-water transport if trench water were to move from the burial site. The bases of most trenches consist of a 1.5-ft-thick sandstone bed, at a depth of about 25 ft below ground level. Radionuclides have moved laterally through fractures in the bed as much as 270 feet from the nearest burial trench. Rocks underlying the burial site are of Mississippian, Devonian, and Silurian age, about 80% of which are shale. The bedrock has poor water-transmitting capability, and virtually all flow is through fractures. The spacing between most fractures is several feet, although it ranges from a few inches to more than 100 ft. Most fractures terminate, or are offset, at bedding planes. The ground-water system is therefore very nonuniform, and more permeable in the horizontal direction. At least eight hydrologic units underlie the burial site.

Zehner, H.H.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Addendum to Revision 1 of the Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 98: Frenchman Flat, Nevada Test Site, Nevada (Addendum Revision No. 1)  

SciTech Connect

This document is submitted as an addendum to the Corrective Action Investigation Plan (CAIP) for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 98: Frenchman Flat, Nevada Test Site (NTS), Nevada. The addendum was prepared to propose work activities in response to comments resulting from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) review of the draft Frenchman Flat CAU model of groundwater flow and contaminant transport completed in April 1999. The reviewers included an external panel of experts and the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection. As a result of the review, additional work scope, including new data-collection and modeling activities, has been identified for the Frenchman Flat CAU. The proposed work scope described in this addendum will be conducted in accordance with the revised Underground Test Area strategy contained in the December 2000 amendment to the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order. The Frenchman Flat CAU model is a group of interdependent models designed to predict the extent of contamination in groundwater due to the underground nuclear tests conducted within this CAU. At the time of the DOE review, the CAU model consisted of a CAU groundwater flow and transport model comprised of two major components: a groundwater flow model and a recharge model. The CAU groundwater flow model is supported by a hydrostratigraphic model and a recharge model, whereas the CAU transport model is supported by a source-term model. As part of the modeling activities proposed in this addendum, two new major components may be added to the Frenchman Flat CAU model: a total-system model and two local groundwater flow and transport models. The reviewers identified several issues relating to insufficiency of data and inadequacy of the modeling process that should be addressed to provide additional confidence in the modeling results with respect to the potential for contaminant migration to the Lower Carbonate Aquifer. The proposed additional work scope includes new data-collection activities, development and use of local-scale models of the two underground nuclear testing areas, and potential revisions of draft CAU groundwater flow and transport models. Upon completion of this work, an evaluation will be made by DOE to ensure that all issues have been resolved.

U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Operations Office

2001-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alkali flat area" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBet