Sample records for algeria tunisia libya

  1. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria libya morocco Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    algeria libya morocco Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: algeria libya morocco Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Algeria Gambia Nigeria...

  2. Libya, Algeria and Egypt: crude oil potential from known deposits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dietzman, W.D.; Rafidi, N.R.; Ross, T.A.

    1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An analysis is presented of the discovered crude oil resources, reserves, and estimated annual production from known fields of the Republics of Libya, Algeria, and Egypt. Proved reserves are defined as the remaining producible oil as of a specified date under operating practice in effect at that time and include estimated recoverable oil in undrilled portions of a given structure or structures. Also included in the proved reserve category are the estimated indicated additional volumes of recoverable oil from the entire oil reservoir where fluid injection programs have been started in a portion, or portions, of the reservoir. The indicated additional reserves (probable reserves) reported herein are the volumes of crude oil that might be obtained with the installation of secondary recovery or pressure maintenance operations in reservoirs where none have been previously installed. The sum of cumulative production, proved reserves, and probable reserves is defined as the ultimate oil recovery from known deposits; and resources are defined as the original oil in place (OOIP). An assessment was made of the availability of crude oil under three assumed sustained production rates for each country; an assessment was also made of each country's capability of sustaining production at, or near, the 1980 rates assuming different limiting reserve to production ratios. Also included is an estimate of the potential maximum producing capability from known deposits that might be obtained from known accumulations under certain assumptions, using a simple time series approach. The theoretical maximum oil production capability from known fields at any time is the maximum deliverability rate assuming there are no equipment, investment, market, or political constraints.

  3. Political economy of Maghribi oil: Change and development in Algeria and Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vandewalle, D.J.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the wake of rapidly growing oil and natural gas revenues, Algeria and Libya during the 1970s adopted a state capitalist strategy in order to minimize the dislocations caused by continued reliance on the international economy and, in the long run, to move toward more self-reliant local economies. International political economy theories until now have paid relatively little attention to the impact of the state in the development process, assuming that state formation and bureaucratic development go hand in hand. But in Libya and Algeria they remained disjointed. This was further exacerbated by the rentier nature of their economies which allowed for the distribution of assets without real political participation. In Algeria a techno-bureaucratic elite, to which the state quickly lost control during the 1970s, was put in charge of development. By 1976 the inefficiencies of the public sector and the alignment of the techno-bureaucratic elite with an expanding private sector led Algeria back toward a more market-oriented development strategy. In Libya a much smaller population and larger revenues have allowed the Qadhdhafi government to prolong the state capitalists experiment without paying serious attention to either economic or political development.

  4. Petroleum resources of Libya, Algeria, and Egypt. Foreign energy supply assessment series

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Part 1 of the report is a synopsis of each country's location, its exploration and development history, crude oil field production history, and markets. Part 2 discusses the production and reserve characteristics of the oil fields and status of the known crude oil resources. Part 3 provides an assessment of the ultimately recoverable crude oil and the possible future rate of availability of the crude oil. Part 4 discusses the status of the known and undiscovered natural gas resources, production, and markets. Part 5 is an overview of the petroleum geology of the three countries and the physical characteristics of their crude oils. Appendix A presents an annual resume of historical production by field and by basin for Libya; Appendix B shows the historical production by field and by basin for Algeria; Appendix C shows the historical production by field and by basin for Egypt; Appendix D provides production tables for each country. Data presented in Appendixes A through D are derived mostly from the April 1982 publication, Libya, Algeria and Egypt-Crude Oil Potential From Known Deposits DOE/EIA-0338, by William D. Dietzman, Naim R. Rafidi, and Thomas A. Ross. Appendix E is a geologic timetable.

  5. Plate tectonics and offshore boundary delimitation: Tunisia-Libya case at the International Court of Justice

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stanley, D.J.

    1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advances in the technology for exploiting resources of the oceans, particularly recovery of hydrocarbons and minerals in deep water, is benefiting a growing number of nations. At the same time, however, economic and political pressures have induced concern and there is now a much increased emphasis on jurisdiction to divide the offshore areas between the 132 coastal nations. Negotiations affect research operations at sea and, in consequence, marine scientists have been made aware of offshore problems as highlighted by the Law of the Sea Treaty (UNCLOS III) and complications arising from the legal versus scientific definitions of continental shelves and margins. The first major offshore boundary case of international scope where plate tectonics has constituted a significant argument is the one recently brought before the International Court of Justice by Libya and Tunisia concerning the delimitation of their continental shelves. Of the two parties, Libya placed the greatest emphasis on this concept as a means to determine natural prolongation of its land territory into and under the sea. Tunisia contested Libya's use of the whole of the African continental landmass as a reference unit; in Tunisia's view, considerations of geography, geomorphology, and bathymetry are at least as relevant as are those of geology. In its landmark judgment (February 1982) - which almost certainly will have far-reaching consequences in future such boundary delimitation cases - the court pronounced that It is the outcome, not the evolution in the long-distant past, which is of importance, and that it is the present-day configuration of the coasts and sea bed which are the main factors to be considered, not geology.

  6. Petroleum geology of Tunisia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burollet, P.F. (CIFEG, Paris (France)); Ferjami, A.B.; Mejri, F. (ETAP, Tunis (Tunisia))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent discoveries and important oil shows have proven the existence of hydrocarbons in newly identified depocenters and reservoirs. In general, except for some areas around the producing fields, Tunisia is largely underdrilled. The national company ETAP has decided to release data and to publish a synthesis on the petroleum geology of Tunisia. The geology of Tunisia provides a fine example of the contrast between Alpine folding, which typifies northern Tunisia and the African craton area of the Saharan part. Eastern Tunisia corresponds to an unstable platform forming plains or low hills and extending eastwards to the shallow Pelagian Sea. There are a wide variety of basins: central and northern Tunisia represents a front basin the Saharan Ghadames basin or the Chott trough are sag basins; the Gulf of Gabes was formed as a distension margin the Gulf of Hammamet is a composite basin and several transversal grabens cut across the country, including offshore, and are rift-type basins. All these features are known to be oil prolific throughout the world. Two large fields and many modest-size pools are known in Tunisia. Oil and gas fields in the surrounding countries, namely the Saharan fields of Algeria and Libya the large Bouri field offshore Tripolitania and discoveries in the Italian part of the Straits of Sicily, suggest a corresponding potential in Tunisia. Exposed paleogeographic and structural maps, balanced sections, and examples of fields and traps will support an optimistic evaluation of the future oil exploration in Tunisia.

  7. Lesson 56: Shopping, Buying and Selling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    [Dinar] Aljeria / Libya / Tunisia [Algeria / Libya / Tunisia] Ougiya [Oguiya] Mauritania [Mauritania

  8. Swedish-Maghreb Contact Seminar in Algiers, Algeria 13-14 October 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    scholars and administrators from Algeria, Libya and Sweden Venue: tbc Hotel: Hotel El-Riadh, Staoueli

  9. Biostratigraphic interpretation for the cyclic sedimentation in northwestern Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tekbali, A.O.; Cornell, W.C. (Univ. of Texas at El Paso, (United States) Dept. of Geological Sciences)

    1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mesozoic sediments in western Libya are best exposed along the Jabal Nafusah escarpment. This northeast-southwest trending structure overlooks the Al Jifarah plain and extends more than 300 km westward to connect with a T-shaped anticlinorium in Algeria and Tunisia. The Al Aziziyan fault (normal, north side down) parallels the northern edge of the escarpment and marks its initial position. Alternate deposition of marine and continental sediments began in the Triassic before the formation of a major monocline in the Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous time. Subsequent epiorogenic movements and isostatic adjustments initiated a westward sloping shelf along the southern edge of the Tethys. As a result, the eastern and central regions of western Libya were subjected to severe erosion and coalescing of unconformities towards the topographic highs, prior to the deposition of the overstepping Kiklah Formation. Geometrical and physical interpretation of the Mesozoic sediments in the region, combined with paleogeographic reconstruction indicate that the post-Hercynian epiorogenic adjustments and fluctuations of the Tethys resulted in local cyclic sedimentation. Accurate age assessment of the boundaries between the Jurassic-Early Cretaceous facies in northwestern Libya can be carried out on the basis of microfloral and faunal distribution and makes possible correlation of aquifers and probable oil-bearing sequences in western Libya.

  10. ******** PROVISIONAL SYLLABUS SUBJECT TO MODIFICATION ******* Society and Politics of North Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    "farthest west" in Arabic)--encompassing Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya--has historically been

  11. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria iraq kuwait Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 To: All SEVIS Users Date: May 5, 2011 Summary: , Algeria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Egypt, Eritrea, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya Source: Capecchi,...

  12. Geology and hydrocarbon potential of the Hamada and Murzuq basins in western Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirmani, K.U.; Elhaj, F.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hamada and Murzuq intracratonic basins of western Libya form a continuation of the Saharan basin which stretches from Algeria eastward into Tunisia and Libya. The tectonics and sedimentology of this region have been greatly influenced by the Caledonian and Hercynian orogenies. Northwest- and northeast-trending faults are characteristic of the broad, shallow basins. The Cambrian-Ordovician sediments are fluvial to shallow marine. The Silurian constitutes a complete sedimentary cycle, ranging from deep marine shales to shallow marine and deltaic sediments. The Devonian occupies a unique position between two major orogenies. The Mesozoic strata are relatively thin. The Triassic consists of well-developed continental sands, whereas the Jurassic and Cretaceous sediments are mainly lagoonal dolomites, evaporites, and shales. Silurian shales are the primary source rock in the area. The quality of the source rock appears to be better in the deeper part of the basin than on its periphery. The Paleozoic has the best hydrocarbon potential. Hydrocarbons have also been encountered in the Triassic and Carboniferous. In the Hamada basin, the best-known field is the El Hamra, with reserves estimated at 155 million bbl from the Devonian. Significant accumulations of oil have been found in the Silurian. Tlacsin and Tigi are two fields with Silurian production. In the Murzuq basin the Cambrian-Ordovician has the best production capability. However, substantial reserves need to be established before developing any field in this basin. Large areas still remain unexplored in western Libya.

  13. Offprint Botanica Marina Vol. 44, 2001, pp. 425 460 2001 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin New York Checklist of Mediterranean Seaweeds.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boudouresque, Charles F.

    ) Libya, (Tn) Tunisia, (Ag) Algeria, (Mo) Morocco. (Gallardo et al. 1993). The Rhodophyceae) Libya, (Tn) Tunisia, (Ag) Algeria, (Mo) Morocco. This work benefited from the suggestions on tax- onomy

  14. HOST UNIVERSITIES: University of Abou Bekr Belkaid Tlemcen,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    and Maritime Transport, Egypt University of Sirte, Libya Superior Institution of Science and Technology SCHOLARSHIPS FOR STUDY/RESEARCH IN MOROCCO|EGYPT|TUNISIA|ALGERIA|LIBYA AVAILABLE FOR UNDERGRADUATE|MASTER POST Doctorate 1800 Staff 2500 EU FUNDED SCHOLARSHIPS FOR STUDY/RESEARCH IN EU|MOROCCO|EGYPT TUNISIA|ALGERIA|LIBYA

  15. Erasmus Mundus Action 2 Strand 1 / Strand 2 (delete as appropriate) PROJECT SUMMARY SHEET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schenato, Luca

    ____________________________________ Title of proposal EM A2 Strand 1 Lot 1:Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt and Libya (EM A2 LOT 1 Al- Fihri Partner 18 Libyan International Medical University Libya Partner 19 Omar Muhktar University Libya TC, Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt and Libya Project duration (months) 48 months #12;Amount requested (EUR) 4

  16. KHALED MATTAWA POEMS FOR LIBYA,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    KHALED MATTAWA POEMS FOR LIBYA, AND A CONVERSATION MONDAY, APRIL 2, 2012 7:00 P.M. IN SAVERY 260, Libya. This event is co-sponsored by Creative Writing and the Dean of Arts & Sciences Near Eastern

  17. Exploration limited since '70s in Libya's Sirte basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, D. (Thomas and Associates, Hastings (United Kingdom))

    1995-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Esso Standard made the first Libyan oil discovery in the western Ghadames basin in 1957. The Atshan-2 well tested oil from Devonian sandstones, and the play was a continuation of the Paleozoic trend found productive in the neighboring Edjeleh region of eastern Algeria. Exploration in the Sirte basin began in earnest in 1958. Within the next 10 years, 16 major oil fields had been discovered, each with recoverable reserves greater than 500 million bbl of oil. Libya currently produces under OPEC quota approximately 1.4 million b/d of oil, with discovered in-place reserves of 130 billion bbl of oil. The paper describes the structural framework, sedimentary basins of Libya, the Sirte basin, petroleum geology, play types, source rocks, generation and migration of hydrocarbons, oil reserves, potential, and acreage availability.

  18. Libya HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Plan Libya HEU Removal Libya HEU Removal Location Libya United States 27 34' 9.5448" N, 17 24' 8.4384" E See map: Google Maps Javascript is required to view this map....

  19. Libya: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that Libya is moving forward with plans to sell most of its crude as refined products and should have the capacity to handle most of its production, about 1.3 million bpd, by the mid-90s. Production was increased after the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, and peak capacity could be over 1.5 million bopd. Exploration pace is still increasing but U.S. sanctions have taken their toll. Gas projects are advancing as officials push to develop and utilize more domestic gas reserves. Libya has commissioned a new gas processing plant in Sahl gas field in Sirte basin and plans are under way for development of Tahaddi field, Libya's largest gas field with 9 Tcf.

  20. PALEOZOIC TRACE FOSSILS FROM THE KUFRA BASIN, LIBYA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benton, Michael

    PALEOZOIC TRACE FOSSILS FROM THE KUFRA BASIN, LIBYA BRIAN R. TURNER AND MICHAEL J. BENTONPaleozoicsuccessionin the southeastern part ofthe Kufra Basin, Libya, comprises a sequence of sedimentary facies up to 250 m thick THEK u m BASINin southeast Libya (Figure 1)occupiesan area of about 400,000km2and is filled

  1. Summary of ICTP activities in support of science in Libya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Summary of ICTP activities in support of science in Libya June 19, 2013 0 ICTP Public Information Office #12;*For the period 1970-1982, 43 visitors came from Libya; the total number of visitors is 244 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 ICTP Visitors from Libya 1983-2012* Visitors

  2. Estimated use of explosives in the mining industries of Algeria, Iran, Iraq, and Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilburn, D.R.; Russell, J.A.; Bleiwas, D.I. [and others

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work was performed under Memorandum of Agreement B291534 Between the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and the United States Bureau of Mines. The Bureau of Mines authors are members of the Minerals Availability Field Office (MAFO) in Denver, CO, which uses an extensive network of information sources to develop and maintain the Minerals Availability database concerning mining and minerals properties worldwide. This study was initiated and directed by F. Heuze at LLNL. A previous study on the same subject had been commissioned by LLNL from the Mining Journal Research Services (MJRS) in London ,UK. Its results were integrated into this report. MJRS is shown as one of the numerous sources which were used for this work. All sources are listed in the report. This document is arranged in four sections, one for each country, in alphabetical order. Thie outline is the same for each country.

  3. Case study of a sabkha sedimentary environment: Mallahat al Bariquah, Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krason, J.

    1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The importance of the sabkha sedimentary environment for formation and/or accumulation of hydrocarbons, salts, and various metalliferous mineral deposits has been recognized by many geologists. A sabkha in which sedimentation and the formation of salt deposits and hydrocarbons is in progress is located along the Mediterranean Sea coast, in northwestern Libya and northeastern Tunisia. The sabkha Mallahat al Bariquah was drilled in a regular grid at 1-km spacing; 63 holes have been completed. The sabkha and its vicinity were geologically mapped (1:20,000). Several hundred core and loose rock samples were thoroughly examined with regard to the lithology, mineralogy, paleontology, and chemical composition. The chemistry of brine from each drill hole and solar pan was determined. Three 24-hour pumping tests were performed, and the hydrogeological conditions of the sabkha were analyzed in detail. Economically valuable bedded salt reserves of 170,800,000 MT of NaCl were discovered and proven. Additionally, over 30 million MT of potassium, magnesium, and sodium salts including bromides are recoverable from the brine. Although marine-coastal sabkhas are common, the extensive scope of this study is unique. Mallahat al Bariquah sabkha is not unique with regard to its geographic, climatic, or sedimentary environments. Therefore, Mallahat al Bariquah can be considered as a model applicable in exploration for and study of similar sedimentary environments in other geographic regions and older geologic epochs.

  4. Relations between albedos and emissivities from MODIS and ASTER data over North African Desert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Liming

    map over the arid areas of Algeria, Libya, and Tunisia in North Africa at 30 second (about 1 km) and 2 of incident solar energy reflected by the land surface in all directions. They determine the surface radiationRelations between albedos and emissivities from MODIS and ASTER data over North African Desert L

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria cameroon egypt Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    egypt Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: algeria cameroon egypt Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Algeria Gambia Nigeria Angola Ghana...

  6. Atmospheric Environment 40 (2006) 38813897 Field measurements of desert dust deposition in Libya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clarke, Michèle

    Atmospheric Environment 40 (2006) 3881­3897 Field measurements of desert dust deposition in Libya-based dust monitoring study of three zones across Libya, ranging from the Mediterranean coast to the Sahara studies in North Africa shows that areas of Libya have the highest dust deposition rates on record. r 2006

  7. Date with history as UN acts over Libya By Harvey Morris , 27 February 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Date with history as UN acts over Libya By Harvey Morris , 27 February 2011 Muammer Gaddafi, at his Colonel Muammer Gaddafi, Libya's leader, and his close associates on notice that any violence they order justice ­ and that a case like Libya, which has grabbed the world's attention, could be just what

  8. Oil-rich Libya faces daunting challenges after Gadhafi's death, FAU scholars say

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belogay, Eugene A.

    by a strongman for 42 years, a country of tribes and conflicting interests, a country with oil reserves desired, there is of course the matter of Libya's substantial oil reserves. An existing gas pipeline from Libya to ItalyOil-rich Libya faces daunting challenges after Gadhafi's death, FAU scholars say By LONA O

  9. Solar-hydrogen energy system model for Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eljrushi, G.S.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A solar-hydrogen energy-system model for Libya was developed, obtaining relationships for and between the main energy and energy related parameters of Libya and the world. The parameters included are: population, energy demand, fossil-fuel production, fossil-fuel resources, hydrogen production, hydrogen introduction rates, energy prices, gross domestic product, pollution and quality of life. The trends of these parameters with and without hydrogen introduction were investigated over a period of time - through the year 2100. The results indicate that the fossil-fuel resources in Libya could be exhausted, due to production for local and export demands, within three to four decades unless serious measures for reducing production are taken. The results indicate that adopting solar-hydrogen energy system would extend the availability of fossil-fuel resources for a longer time period, reduce pollution, improve quality of life and establish a permanent energy system for Libya. It also shows that eventually Libya could export hydrogen in lieu of oil and natural gas.

  10. Algeria ",263,"-",263

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS98,,,1999,0,0,1e+15,1469,6,01179,"WAT","HY"Tables andA 6 J 9 U BThousandYearCubic Feet)Algeria

  11. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Licensed oil acreage in the 6 North Africa countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia) totaled 1,500,000 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1986, down 290,000 km/sup 2/ from 1985. About 50% of the relinquishments were in Libya. Most oil and gas discoveries were made in Egypt (16 oil and 2 gas). Several oil finds were reported in onshore Libya, and 1 was reported in Algeria in the southeastern Sahara. According to available statistics, development drilling decreased from 1985 levels, except in Tunisia. A 6.3% decline in oil production took place in 1986, falling below the 3 million bbl level (2,912,000 b/d). Only sparse data are released on the gas output in North Africa. 6 figures, 27 tables.

  12. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,839,817 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1985, a decrease of 3% from the 1,896,446 km/sup 2/ held at the end of 1984. This decrease mainly is due to significant relinquishments made in Algeria, Egypt, and Tunisia. Morocco, however, had an increase of 18,087 km/sup 2/. Oil discoveries were reported in Algeria (possibly 5), Libya (at least 2), and Egypt (16). Only 1 gas find was made (in Morocco). According to sparse information, development drilling may have decreased markedly during 1985. Oil and condensate production increased by 3.1% to approximately 3,054,000 b/d compared to about 2,963,400 b/d in 1984. No statistics are currently available on gas production in North Africa. 8 figures, 27 tables.

  13. MICRO-ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVES ON TUNISIA'S AGRO-EXPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foltz, Jeremy D.

    MICRO-ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVES ON TUNISIA'S AGRO-EXPORT STRATEGY Jeremy D. Foltz ABSTRACT This paper reviews Tunisia's movement to an agricultural export strategy as a method of creating rural economic growth. Having explained the economic logic and pitfalls of agro-export production, it then evaluates

  14. Tunisia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,LtdInformationTulsa, Oklahoma: EnergyTunisia: Energy Resources

  15. African Alumni of ISU (ISU-AA) "Statement of Intent"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glass, Ian S.

    . Most countries in Africa: Kenya, Libya, South Africa, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroun, Algeria and others

  16. U.N. Human Rights Council condemns Gaddafi's crackdown in Libya By Colum Lynch, 25 February 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U.N. Human Rights Council condemns Gaddafi's crackdown in Libya By Colum Lynch, 25 February 2011 governments to rethink their traditional alliances with autocratic governments such as Libya's that are facing to the heroic people of Libya! I wish to emphasize that we at the Libyan mission serve at the will of the Libyan

  17. Dropped in Tripoli; Exploded in New York: Assessing the Collateral Consequences of NATO's [Mis]leading Intervention in Libya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volesky, Bohumil

    ]leading Intervention in Libya Eberechi Ifeonu* "The strong do what they have the power to do and the weak accept what, Justin Bieber ­ NATO announced the end of its "humanitarian mission" in Libya. While the mood, with the media curiously predicting that "after Gadhafi, Libya's oil will flow ­ slowly." This paper interrogates

  18. Latest Ordovicianearliest Silurian acritarchs and chitinozoans from1 subsurface samples in Jebel Asba, Kufra Basin, SE Libya2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Asba, Kufra Basin, SE Libya2 3 Bindra Thusu1 , Syed Rasul1 , Florentin Paris2 , Guido Meinhold3 & Gas B.V., Dat Al Imad Complex Tower 5 Floor 13, P.O. Box 91651, Tripoli,15 Libya16 17 * Corresponding of the Kufra Basin,36 southeastern Libya, yielded well-diversified palynomorph assemblages with transparent and

  19. Presented at The Second Basic Sciences Conference, Al-Fatah University, Tripoli, Libya 4-8 November 2007.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dodson, C.T.J.

    Presented at The Second Basic Sciences Conference, Al-Fatah University, Tripoli, Libya 4-8 November-Fateh University, Tripoli-Libya C.T.J Dodson School of Mathematics, University of Manchester, Manchester- UK at The Second Basic Sciences Conference, Al-Fatah University, Tripoli, Libya 4-8 November 2007. WEx; q, b = bq

  20. COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS ALGERIA Universit d'Alger Benyoucef Benkhedda 13.12.2005 http://www.univ-alger.dz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    ://www.uonbi.ac.ke LIBYA University of Garyounis 07.07.2005 http://www.garyounis.edu LIBYA Al-Arab Medical University 20

  1. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  2. Geology, Murzuk oil development could boost S. W. Libya prospects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, D. (Thomas and Associates, Hastings (United Kingdom))

    1995-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    With the recent involvement of Repsol, Total, and OMV in developing the 2 billion bbl oil-in-place Murzuk field complex, an infrastructure will be finally constructed in western Libya which will act as a precursor to more exploration activity and development projects in the Murzuk and Ghadames basins. Murzuk, an intra-cratonic sag basin, is a huge ladle-shaped structural basin covering more than 400,000 sq km and extending beyond the borders of southern Libya. The structure of the area is quite simple. The sub-horizontal or gently dipping strata are faulted and the faults are most frequently parallel to the anticlinal axis. Tectonic movements affected the basin to a greater or lesser degree from early Paleozoic (Caledonian) to post-Eocene (Alpine) times. The paper describes the exploration history; stratigraphy; the Ordovician, Silurian and Devonian, and Carboniferous reservoirs; source rocks; oil gravity and gas content; hydrogeologic constraints; aquifer influence on hydrocarbon accumulation; geologic structures; Murzuk field development; and acreage availability.

  3. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria cuba indonesia Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Guinea Guinea Bissau Guyana Haiti Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Romania Russia Rwanda Samoa... Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Angola Antigua Argentina...

  4. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria bangladesh egypt Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Guinea Guinea Bissau Guyana Haiti Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Romania Russia Rwanda Samoa... Sinapore Slovakia Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakstan Kenya Bangladesh...

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria bangladesh cuba Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Guinea Guinea Bissau Guyana Haiti Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Romania Russia Rwanda Samoa... Sinapore Slovakia Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakstan Kenya Bangladesh...

  6. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria australia austria Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Guinea Guinea Bissau Guyana Haiti Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Romania Russia Rwanda Samoa Source: Alechina, Natasha - School of Computer Science, University of...

  7. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Strategy Lahouari ADDI Summary: Algeria's New Oil Strategy Lahouari ADDI Professor of Political Sociology to the IEP of Lyon In H... of the Political System The National...

  8. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria iraq jordan Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (NonApproved)** Albania Algeria Armenia Azerbaijan Bahrain Cambodia... Columbia Cuba Egypt Ethiopia Federal Republic of Yugoslavia India Indonesia Iran Israel Jordan... Georgia...

  9. An adaptive artificial neural network model for sizing stand-alone photovoltaic systems: Application for isolated sites in Algeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mellit, A; Hadj-Arab, A; Guessoum, A

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An adaptive artificial neural network model for sizing stand-alone photovoltaic systems: Application for isolated sites in Algeria

  10. Arab states seek Libya no-fly zone Regional bloc calls on UN Security Council to take steps to protect civilians from air attack by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arab states seek Libya no-fly zone Regional bloc calls on UN Security Council to take steps on the United Nations Security Council to impose a no-fly zone over Libya in a bid to protect civilians from air the civilian population of Libya. "The Arab League has officially requested the UN Security Council to impose

  11. Mesozoic evolution of northeast African shelf margin, Libya and Egypt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aadland, R.K.; Schamel, S.

    1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present tectonic features of the northeast African shelf margin between the Nile delta and the Gulf of Sirte are products of (1) precursory late Paleozoic basement arches, (2) early Mesozoic rifting and plate separation, and (3) Late Cretaceous structural inversion. The 250 km-wide and highly differentiated Mesozoic passive margin in the Western Desert region of Egypt is developed above a broad northwest-trending Late Carboniferous basement arch. In northeastern Libya, in contrast, the passive margin is restricted to just the northernmost Cyrenaica platform, where subsidence was extremely rapid in the Jurassic and Early Cretaceous. The boundary between the Western Desert basin and the Cyrenaica platform is controlled by the western flank of the basement arch. In the middle Cretaceous (100-90 Ma), subsidence accelerated over large areas of the Western desert, further enhancing a pattern of east-west-trending subbasins. This phase of rapid subsidence was abruptly ended about 80 Ma by the onset of structural inversion that uplifted the northern Cyrenaica shelf margin and further differentiated the Western Desert subbasin along a northeasterly trend.

  12. Hydrocarbon provinces and productive trends in Libya and adjacent areas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Missallati, A.A. (Agip (N.A.M.E.)Ltd., Tripoli (Libya))

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    According to the age of major reservoirs, hydrocarbon occurrences in Libya and adjacent areas can be grouped into six major systems which, according to their geographic locations, can be classified into two major hydrocarbon provinces: (1) Sirte-Pelagian basins province, with major reservoirs ranging from middle-late Mesozoic to early Tertiary, and (2) Murzog-Ghadames basins province, with major reservoirs ranging from early Paleozoic to early Mesozoic. In the Sirte-Pelagian basins province, hydrocarbons have been trapped in structural highs or in stratigraphic wedge-out against structural highs and in carbonate buildups. Here, hydrocarbon generation is characterized by the combined effect of abundant structural relief and reservoir development in the same hydrocarbon systems of the same age, providing an excellent example of hydrocarbon traps in sedimentary basins that have undergone extensive tensional fracturing in a shallow marine environment. In the Murzog-Ghadames basins province, hydrocarbons have been trapped mainly in structural highs controlled by paleostructural trends as basement arches which acted as focal points for oil migration and accumulation.

  13. Cyclic transgressive and regressive sequences, Paleocene Suite, Sirte basin, Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abushagur, S.A.

    1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Farrud lithofacies represent the main reservoir rock of the Ghani oil field and Western Concession Eleven of the Sirte basin, Libya. Eight microfacies are recognized in the Farrud lithofacies in the Ghani field area: (1) bryozoan-bioclastic (shallow, warm, normal marine shelf deposits); (2) micrite (suggesting quiet, low-energy conditions such as may have existed in a well-protected lagoon); (3) dasycladacean (very shallow, normal marine environment); (4) bioclastic (very shallow, normal marine environment with moderate to vigorous energy); (5) mgal (very shallow, normal marine environment in a shelf lagoon); (6) pelletal-skeletal (deposition within slightly agitated waters of a sheltered lagoon with restricted circulation); (7) dolomicrite (fenestrate structures indicating a high intertidal environment of deposition); and (8) anhydrite (supratidal environment). The Paleocene suite of the Farrud lithofacies generally shows a prograding, regressive sequence of three facies: (1) supratidal facies, characterized by nonfossiliferous anhydrite, dolomite, and dolomitic pelletal carbonate mudstone; (2) intertidal to very shallow subtidal facies, characterized by fossiliferous, pelletal, carbonate mudstone and skeletal calcarenite; and (3) subtidal facies, characterized by a skeletal, pelletal, carbonate mudstone. Source rocks were primarily organic-rich shales overlying the Farrud reservoir rock. Porosity and permeability were developed in part by such processes as dolomitization, leaching, and fracturing in the two progradational, regressive carbonate facies. Hydrocarbons were trapped by a supratidal, anhydrite cap rock.

  14. GLOBALSCOPE www.socsci.uci.edu/globalconnect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    will be condensed to a 4-5week period; we have focused our introduction on five nations: Tunisia, Egypt, Libya them? What changes are the revolutionaries in the streets of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Syria and Yemen

  15. Foreign Fishery Developments The Sicilian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    facilities, fish de- pletion in local waters, and disputes with Libya, Tunisia, and Malta over fishing rights in the channel between Sicily and Libya and Tunisia. But lately this has led to serious diplomatic strains (see

  16. Asia Research Centre public lecture Pakistan and the challenges of a new decade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the Arab Spring isnt frustrated in countries like Tunisia, Egypt and Libya, and of course the ongoing

  17. Active thrust faulting offshore Boumerdes, Algeria, and its relations to the 2003 Mw 6.9 earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Déverchère, Jacques

    Active thrust faulting offshore Boumerdes, Algeria, and its relations to the 2003 Mw 6.9 earthquake offshore Boumerdes, Algeria, and its relations to the 2003 Mw 6.9 earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L that strain is distributed over a broad area, from the Atlas front to the offshore margin [Buforn et al., 1995

  18. A graphical method to study suspended sediment dynamics during flood events in the Wadi Sebdou, NW Algeria (19732004)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A graphical method to study suspended sediment dynamics during flood events in the Wadi Sebdou, NW sediment concentration Semiarid watershed Flood Wadi Algeria s u m m a r y Small sub-basins are numerous period (19732004) was analyzed at the outlet of the Wadi Sebdou basin (256 km2 ) in northwest Algeria

  19. Mesozoic evolution of the northeast African shelf margin, Libya and Egypt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aadland, R.K.; Schamel, S.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present tectonic features of the northeast African shelf margin between the Nile delta and the Gulf of Sirte are products of (1) precursory late Paleozoic basement arches, (2) early Mesozoic rifting and plate separation, and (3) Late Cretaceous structural inversion. Isopach and structural maps, cross sections, and sediment accumulation (geohistory) curves constructed from 89 wells in the Western Desert and 27 wells in northeastern Libya depict the structural and stratigraphic development of the northeast African shelf margin.

  20. King Hassan II: Morocco's Messenger of Peace

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cross, Megan

    2007-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    , peace is not the first thought that comes to mind. Since the creation of the state of Israel in 1948, Arabs and Israelis have been struggling to co-exist peacefully. If policy makers are aiming at stability in the broader Middle East, it is crucial..., was the protection of the Moroccan throne. 1 In addition to Israel, he created and maintained relations with various countries to create a more balanced Maghreb, (the Arabic name for the area consisting of Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia and sometimes Libya) 2...

  1. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  2. Africa: Unrest and restrictive terms limit abundant potential. [Oil and gas exploration and development in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper summarizes the drilling and exploration activity of the oil and gas industries of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, the Congo, Angola, and South Africa. Information is provided on current and predicted trends in well drilling activities (both onshore and offshore), numbers of new wells, footage information, production statistics and what fields accounted for this production, and planned new exploration activities. The paper also describes the current status of government policies and political problems affecting the oil and gas industry.

  3. Distribution of terrestrial age and petrologic type of meteorites from western Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jull, A.J.T.; Donahue, D.J. (Univ. of Arizona, Tucson (USA)); Wlotzka, F.; Palme, H. (Max-Planck-Institut fuer Chemie, Mainz (West Germany))

    1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A group of 54 meteorites have been recovered from Daraj, Western Libya. After assessment of pairing of samples, using petrologic criteria, {sup 14}C terrestrial ages were obtained on 13 samples selected from 9 different fall events. Eleven of the ages range from 3,500 to 7,600 years, with only two samples having ages in excess of 10,000 years. The cut-off in ages may be related to the timing of climatic changes in the Hammadah al Hamra.

  4. Mrar formation of western Libya - evolution of an early Carboniferous delta system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whitbread, T. (Univ. of Keele, England); Kelling, G.

    1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Lower Carboniferous Mrar Formation is exposed extensively along the southern margin of the Ghadames basin in northwest Libya. The basal part of the Mrar forms the cap rock and possible hydrocarbon source for many of the producing reservoirs in the underlying Tahara sandstones. Furthermore, the Mrar itself is known to contain significant gas shows southwest of the outcrop, associated with some oil potential. The Mrar formation was deposited in a deltaic environment which developed on the northern part of the stable Saharan platform. The history of the Mrar formation's deposition is discussed. (JMT)

  5. COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS ALGERIA Universit d'Alger Benyoucef Benkhedda 13.12.2005 http://www.univ-alger.dz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    ://www.uonbi.ac.ke KENYA Maseno University 09/07/2012 http://maseno.ac.ke/index/ LIBYA University of Garyounis 07.07.2005 http://www.garyounis.edu LIBYA Al-Arab Medical University 20.05.2010 http://www.amu.edu.ly MADAGASCAR

  6. COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS ALGERIA Universit d'Alger Benyoucef Benkhedda 13.12.2005 http://www.univ-alger.dz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    ://www.jkuat.ac.ke KENYA University of Nairobi 20.06.2002 http://www.uonbi.ac.ke LIBYA University of Garyounis 07.07.2005 http://www.garyounis.edu LIBYA Al-Arab Medical University 20.05.2010 http://www.amu.edu.ly MADAGASCAR

  7. North African petroleum geology: regional structure and stratigraphic overview of a hydrocarbon-rich cratonic area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Connor, T.E.; Kanes, W.H.

    1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    North Africa, including Sinai, contains some of the most important hydrocarbon-producing basins in the world. The North African Symposium is devoted to examining the exploration potential of the North African margin in light of the most recent and promising exploration discoveries. The geologic variety of the region is extraordinary and can challenge any exploration philosophy. Of primary interest are the Sirte basin of Libya, which has produced several billion barrels of oil, and the Gulf of Suez, a narrow, evaporite-capped trough with five fields that will produce more than 5 billion bbl. Both are extensional basins with minimal lateral movement and with good source rocks in direct proximity to reservoirs. Structural models of these basins give firm leads for future exploration. More difficult to evaluate are the Tethyan realm basins of the northern Sinai, and the Western Desert of Egypt, the Cyrenaican Platform of Libya, and the Tunisia-Sicily shelf area, where there are only limited subsurface data. These basins are extensional in origin also, but have been influenced by lateral tectonics. Favorable reservoirs exist, but source rocks have been a problem locally. Structural models with strong stratigraphic response offer several favorable play concepts. The Paleozoic Ghadames basin in Libya, Tunisia, and Algeria has the least complex structural history, and production appears to be limited to small structures. A series of stratigraphic models indicates additional areas with exploration potential. The Paleozoic megabasin of Morocco, with its downfaulted Triassic grabens, remains an untested but attractive area.

  8. African oil plays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifford, A.J. (BHP Petroleum, Melbourne, Victoria (Australia))

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The vast continent of Africa hosts over eight sedimentary basins, covering approximately half its total area. Of these basins, only 82% have entered a mature exploration phase, 9% have had little or no exploration at all. Since oil was first discovered in Africa during the mid-1950s, old play concepts continue to bear fruit, for example in Egypt and Nigeria, while new play concepts promise to become more important, such as in Algeria, Angola, Chad, Egypt, Gabon, and Sudan. The most exciting developments of recent years in African oil exploration are: (1) the Gamba/Dentale play, onshore Gabon; (2) the Pinda play, offshore Angola; (3) the Lucula/Toca play, offshore Cabinda; (4) the Metlaoui play, offshore Libya/Tunisia; (5) the mid-Cretaceous sand play, Chad/Sudan; and (6) the TAG-I/F6 play, onshore Algeria. Examples of these plays are illustrated along with some of the more traditional oil plays. Where are the future oil plays likely to develop No doubt, the Saharan basins of Algeria and Libya will feature strongly, also the presalt of Equatorial West Africa, the Central African Rift System and, more speculatively, offshore Ethiopia and Namibia, and onshore Madagascar, Mozambique, and Tanzania.

  9. Plate 13. (a) The tidal stress-field produced by 1 of nonsynchronous rotation (Greenberg et al., 1998) shows a good fit to the loca-tions and orientations of several lineaments. The lineaments are numbered (1) Astypalaea, (2) Thynia, (3) Libya, (4) Agenor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kattenhorn, Simon

    are numbered (1) Astypalaea, (2) Thynia, (3) Libya, (4) Agenor, (5) Udaeus, and (6) Minos Lineae. A better fit

  10. LATE ORDOVICIAN CLIMBING DUNE ASSEMBLAGES, THE SIGNATURE OF GLACIAL OUTBURST ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , jean-loup.rubino@total.com 4NOC, Libya, Y-Boujazia@yahoo.com Meltwater-related processes have long been of the Western Murzuq Basin/ Tassili n'Ajjer area (southern Libya ­ Algeria boundary), this presentation aims

  11. Oil and economic development in OPEC countries, with case studies about Iraq and Algeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Khalil, M.A.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation examines the impact of the increase in oil prices in 1973 and thereafter on economic development in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) in general, and in Iraq and Algeria in particular. It attempts to investigate the extent to which these countries have succeeded in utilizing oil revenues to achieve their projected goals: diversification of their economies in order to reduce dependence on exporting crude oil which is an exhaustible resource; and acceleration of the rate of growth of the non-oil sector in order to increase its contribution to GDP and foreign-exchange earnings as well as to maintain the growth of the economy in the post-oil age. While the increase in oil revenues greatly reduced the capital constraint to growth, it did not remove all other constraints at the same time. Thus, bottlenecks in transportation, institutions, skilled labor, raw and construction materials remained important obstacles. According to the criteria used by this study to judge the performance of the Iraqi and the Algerian economies after 1973, both countries did quite well. However, one of the findings about Iraq is that while the rate of growth of real per capita GDP accelerated after 1973, the rate of growth of real per capita non-oil GDP did not. Algeria succeeded in diversifying her economy, since the rate of growth of non-oil GDP accelerated after 1973, compared to the earlier period.

  12. Mixed fluvial systems of Messak Sandstone, a deposit of Nubian lithofacies, southwestern Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lorenz, J.C.

    1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Messak Sandstone is a coarse to pebbly, tabular cross-bedded, Lower Cretaceous deposit of the widespread Nubian lithofacies. It was deposited at the northern edge of the Murzuq basin in southwestern Libya. Although the sedimentary record is predominantly one of braided fluvial systems, a common subfacies within the formation is interpreted to record the passage of straight-crested sand waves across laterally migrating point bars in sinuous rivers, similar to the pattern documented by Singh and Kumar on the modern Ganga and Yamuna Rivers. Because the sand waves were larger on the lower parts of the point bars, lateral migration created diagnostic thinning-upward, unidirectional cosets of tabular cross-beds as well as fining-upward, grain-size trends. Common, thick, interbedded claystones, deposited in associated paludal and lacustrine environments, and high variance in cross-bed dispersion patterns also suggest the local presence of sinuous fluvial systems within the overall braided regime. The Messak Sandstone contains some of the features that led Harms et al to propose an unconventional low-sinuosity fluvial environment for the Nubian lithofacies in Egypt, and the continuously high water levels of this model may explain channel-scale clay drapes and overturned cross-beds in the Messak. However, most of the Messak characteristics are incompatible with the low-sinuosity model, suggesting instead that the fluvial channels in the Murzuq basin alternated between braided and high-sinuosity patterns.

  13. On the identity and origin of the Mediterranean invasive Caulerpa racemosa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boudouresque, Charles F.

    , 1995). At the beginning of the 1990s, the situation changed abruptly with the discovery in Libya (Albania, Croatia, Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Libya, Malta, Spain, Tunisia and Turkey) and all

  14. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH: SPACE PHYSICS, VOL. 118, 18, doi:10.1002/jgra.50448, 2013 Characteristics of long recovery early VLF events observed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Libya). The results indicate that the observation of long recovery events depends strongly on the modal, Université de Tunis El Manar I, Tunis, Tunisia. 5 Department of Physics, Sebha University, Sebha, Libya

  15. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  16. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  17. Eric Gobe, "Deceptive Liberal Reforms: Institutional Adjustments and the Dynamics of Authoritarianism in Tunisia (19972005)", in Kienle Eberhard (ed.), Democracy Building & Democracy Erosion. Political

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Eric Gobe, "Deceptive Liberal Reforms: Institutional Adjustments and the Dynamics Reforms: Institutional Adjustments and the Dynamics of Authoritarianism in Tunisia (19972005) Eric Gobe of political forces. In Ben Ali's Tunisia, the institutional reforms introduced in the 1990s

  18. Determining the Heavy Metal Pollution in Mascara (Algeria) by Using Casuarina equisetifolia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakhdari Aissa; Benabdeli Kloufi

    Abstract. In this study, Casuarina equisetifolia needles were evaluated as the possible biomonitors of heavy metal air pollution in Mascara (Algeria). The needles were sampled from seven locations with different degrees of metal pollution (near roads) and from a control site. The concentrations of lead, zinc, copper and nickel were measured by using a flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The maximal values of these four metals were found in the samples collected near the roads and the minimal values were found in the control site. Furthermore, sites with high traffic density and frequency of cars stoppage showed high heavy metal concentrations. However, the comparison of concentrations of all metals showed that the zinc one had the highest concentration of all. The cluster analysis divided the selected sampling sites in three distinct clusters. With regard to the results of this study, Casuarina equisetifolia can be successfully applied in biomonitoring of air pollution. Key words: Casuarina equisetifolia, Mascara, biomonitors, pollution, heavy metals.

  19. Onshore and offshore basins of northeast Libya: Their origin and hydrocarbon potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shegewi, O.M.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A comprehensive data base of more than 3000 km of seismic lines, gravity and magnetic data, more than 30 subsurface well logs, and surface geology data were utilized to examine and interpret the sedimentary and tectonic history of the onshore and offshore parts of Northeast Libya and their hydrocarbon potential. The Dernah-Tobruk and Benghazi offshore basins form the northern parts of the study area. The Cyrenaica Stable Platform represents the southern parts. The Sirual Trough stretches E-W and opens into the Antelat Trough in the west. Between these elements is the uplifted areas of the Al Jabal Al Akhdar. Six principal tectonic phases were responsible for the formation and development of these structural elements: the pre-Mesozoic phase, the Triassic-Jurassic rifting phase, the Neocomian and the Aptian-Albian renewed rifting phases, the Late Cretaceous-Paleocene uplifting phase; and the Eocene-Middle Oligocene rifting phase. Oceanic crust of probable Aptian-Albian age is evident on the seismic lines north of the master fault marking the southern boundary of the rift separating the north African plate and Apulia. The western boundary of the Dernah High displayed clearly NE-SW strike-slip movement of these trajectories. Oceanic crust is also present west of the Dernah High. Positive gravity and magnetic anomalies traverse parallel to the boundary of this oceanic plate Mesogea. The prerequisites for commercial hydrocarbon production are present in abundance. Reservoirs ranging in age from Paleozoic clastics in the Cyrenaica Stable Platform to Mesozoic and Tertiary carbonates throughout the rest of the region. Several deep sites for the generation of hydrocarbons were also present, including the rifted northern parts of the Dernah-Tobruk basin, the Antelat Trough and the Cyrenaica Passive Margin. The Cretaceous and Tertiary section in the study area contain several potential seal rocks. Several potential trap types are also present.

  20. Combining boron isotopes and carbamazepine to trace sewage in salinized groundwater: a case study in Cap Bon, Tunisia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    treatment and so recognized as a pertinent tracer of wastewater contamination. The system equilibrium of Research in Rural Engineering of Water and Forestry), rue Hédi Karray, B.P.10- 2080 Ariana, Tunisia based on a managed aquifer recharge with treated wastewater. Water quality monitoring was implemented

  1. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicod, M.A.

    1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum rights in the 6 countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered by this paper amounted to 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1983, an 11% decrease from the 2,044,851 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1982. This decrease is mostly due to relinquishments in Sudan. Onshore seismic activity decreased in all countries except Sudan, where it slightly increased. Marine seismic activity increased by 85%, mostly due to significant efforts in Morocco and Egypt. Exploration drilling activity increased with 179 wildcats completed in 1983 compared to 166 in 1982. The success rate was 44.7% compared to 36% in 1982. No discoveries were made in Morocco. No new hydrocarbon province was discovered in 1983. Development drilling sharply increased in Egypt and remained at about the same levels in the other countries as in 1982. In Sudan, Chevron started in late September the first development drilling operations in Unity field. Oil production, with a daily average of 2,872,000 bbl, was at the same level as in 1982. In Egypt, 7 new fields went on-stream in the Gulf of Suez, 2 in the Western Desert, and 1 in the Eastern Desert. One field was put on-stream in Libya and 4 in Tunisia. Utilized gas production probably remained at the same level as in 1982 (2000 mmcf/day). 9 figures, 28 tables.

  2. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Algeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: EnergyShale ProvedTexas" ,"Plant","PrimaryWashington"WestWyoming"Algeria

  3. Oil and gas developments in north Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Popescu, B.M.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The recovery of international petroleum activity in 1987 was reflected slightly in the 6 North Africa countries covered in this report (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia). Licensed area increased marginally to about 2,594,000 km/sup 2/ (up 0.5% from 1986), whereas surface exploration and drilling decreased significantly (about 30% and 20%, respectively, from 1986 levels). The two OPEC-member countries adhered to imposed quotas, recording somewhat lower production levels in 1987 than in 1986; however, total production of the North Africa countries increased to 3,025,000 BOPD (up 2% from 1986) as Egypt recorded all-time highs for both liquids and natural gas production. 7 figs., 29 tabs.

  4. The thermal maturation degree of organic matter from source rocks revealed by wells logs including examples from Murzuk Basin, Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Negoita, V.; Gheorghe, A.

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The customary technique used to know the organic matter quantity per rock volume it as well as the organic matter maturation stage is based on geochemical analyses accomplished on a preselected number of samples and cuttings drawn from boreholes during the drilling period. But the same objectives can be approached without any extra cost using the continuous measurements of well logs recorded in each well from the ground surface to the total depth. During the diagenetic stage, the identification of potential source rocks out of which no hydrocarbon have been generated may be carried out using a well logging suite including Gamma Ray Spectrometry, the Compensated Neutron/Litho Density combination and a Dual Induction/Sonic Log. During the catagenetic stage the onset of oil generation brings some important changes in the organic matter structure as well as in the fluid distribution throughout the pore space of source rocks. The replacement of electric conductive water by electric non-conductive hydrocarbons, together with water and oil being expelled from source rocks represent a process of different intensities dependent of time/temperature geohistory and kerogen type. The different generation and expulsion scenarios of hydrocarbons taking place during the catagenetic and metagenetic stages of source rocks are very well revealed by Induction and Laterolog investigations. Several crossplots relating vitrinite reflectance, total organic carbon and log-derived physical parameters are illustrated and discussed. The field applications are coming from Murzuk Basin, where Rompetrol of Libya is operating.

  5. International Conference of Modeling and Simulation -MOSIM'10 -May 10-12, 2010 -Hammamet -Tunisia "Evaluation and optimization of innovative production systems of goods and services"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    - Tunisia "Evaluation and optimization of innovative production systems of goods and services" CONSISTENCY Factory aims to design, simulate and optimize the production system as early as possible in the product a framework based on a set of multi-layered models representing a production system at the different necessary

  6. International Conference of Modeling and Simulation -MOSIM'10 -May 10-12, 2010 -Hammamet -Tunisia "Evaluation and optimization of innovative production systems of goods and services"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    - Tunisia "Evaluation and optimization of innovative production systems of goods and services" STOCHASTIC.maza@ensem.inpl-nancy.fr ABSTRACT: The productivity and quality requirements have conducted the manufacturing systems to be more systems is of a major importance, since they impact directly on system's productivity and safety. The aim

  7. The monetary approach to the balance of payments: The case of the oil-based, small, open, developing economies of Libya, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buzakuk, M.R.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explores the determinants of foreign reserves flow in light of the oil-based small open economies of Libya, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia. The period of study encompasses the major oil price increases of the 1970s and early 1980s, which had led to the huge transfers of foreign exchanges towards these, among other, developing economies. The framework of analysis is basically a monetary approach to the balance of payments. This study is of both a theoretical and empirical nature. It utilizes the monetary forces in the domestic money market to derive a basic balance of payments (BOP) equation that explains the monetary nature of the balance of payments. The study found that the data from those countries support the monetary relationships as hypothesized by the monetary approach, especially the negative one-to-one relation between domestic credit (DC) and the BOP. Results from the simultaneous estimations of the BOP and DC reported better estimates than the single-equation model. Findings from the reaction function indicated that the monetary authorities of these oil-based economies were actively sterilizing the effect of foreign reserve flows. Findings supported the integrated market hypothesis in Kuwait and Libya, but not in the Saudi case.

  8. Africa; Expanding market creates more gas lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quarles, W.R.; Thiede, K.; Parent, L.

    1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors report on pipeline development activities in Africa. They discuss how a growing European market for gas has increased potential pipeline construction in Africa, especially for Algeria, Egypt, and Libya.

  9. Palynostratigraphy of northeast Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although significant amount of palynostratigraphic data relating to sections of various ages from different parts of North Africa were available, no formal proposal for an integrated comprehensive zonation applicable throughout the region existed. As the result of an 8-year program of research sponsored by Arabian Gulf Oil Co., (AGOCO) and carried out in cooperation with Garyounis University Research Centre and members of the Commission Internationale de Microflore du Paleozoique and AGOCO staff, a proposal has been presented for a formal palynostratigraphic zonation scheme which extends from the Ordovician to the Lower Cretaceous. The study based on both core and cutting samples form a large number of wells in Cyrenaica establishes a series of assemblage range zones with nominated zonal taxa. This scheme not only facilitates more accurate correlation within the Libyan region but also provides a formal basis for more precise assessment of intra-basin correlation within the North Africa and the opportunity to determine the extent of palaeolatitudinal variation between North Africa and the standard reference sections in northwest Europe.

  10. Geology and petroleum resources of north-central and northeast Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, J.A.

    1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In north-central and northeast Africa, important petroleum accumulations exist in the Sirte basin of Libya, the western Sahara region of Algeria, the Pelagian platform offshore from eastern Tunisia, and in the Western Desert basin, Suez graben, and Nile delta in Egypt. Approximately 55 major fields (> 100 million BOE), of which 15 are giants (> 1 billion BOE), have been found in these provinces. Total estimated ultimate production from existing fields in 60 billion bbl of oil and 100 tcf of gas; estimated undiscovered petroleum resources are 26 billion bbl of oil and 93 tcf of gas. The post-Precambrian sedimentary basins of north Africa are related to the development of the Sahara platform during at least four main tectonic episodes (the Caledonian, Hercynian, Laramide, and Alpine cycles). The sedimentary cover of the platform, which includes rocks of all geologic systems, ranges from less than 1000 m (3300 ft) in the south to more than 9000 m (30,000 ft) along the Mediterranean coast. Paleozoic rocks are primarily continental and nearshore marine sandstone and shale, which are important reservoir and source rocks for petroleum in the central and western parts of the Sahara platform. Lower Mesozoic rocks were deposited in a continental and restricted marine environment, and contain thick beds of red beds and evaporites, including salt, which are important seals for oil and gas fields. Upper Mesozoic and Tertiary rocks are related to the development of the Mediterranean Tethys geosyncline and are characterized by numerous transgressive-regressive cycles of the Tethyan seaway. Marine carbonate and shale facies are dominant in the Upper Jurassic, Cretaceous, and lower Tertiary section of northern Libya, eastern Tunisia-Pelagian platform, and northern Egypt. Upper Tertiary beds are continental clastics on most of the platform, except near the Mediterranean.

  11. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984. An increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North America ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries. 9 figures, 27 tables.

  12. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.Ch.

    1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984, an increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North Africa ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was up 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries.

  13. SPRING 201134 GRAHAM E. FULLER I AHMED ZEWAIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    in the nation-states of Tunisia and Egypt to brutal repression in the tribal societies of Libya, Syria, Bahrain for revolutions is that of Yemen, Libya and others in the making. In these cases, unfortunately, tribal in the Middle East and the heart of the Arab world. Making sure Egypt succeeds is essential for the stability

  14. U.S. State Department's TechWomen 2012 Visit Berkeley Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    TechWomen brought a total of 41 women working in the technology sector from Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, the Palestinian Territories, Tunisia and Yemen to the U.S....

  15. Fluid pressure arrival time tomography: Estimation and assessment in the presence of inequality constraints, with an application to a producing gas field at Krechba, Algeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rucci, A.; Vasco, D.W.; Novali, F.

    2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deformation in the overburden proves useful in deducing spatial and temporal changes in the volume of a producing reservoir. Based upon these changes we estimate diffusive travel times associated with the transient flow due to production, and then, as the solution of a linear inverse problem, the effective permeability of the reservoir. An advantage an approach based upon travel times, as opposed to one based upon the amplitude of surface deformation, is that it is much less sensitive to the exact geomechanical properties of the reservoir and overburden. Inequalities constrain the inversion, under the assumption that the fluid production only results in pore volume decreases within the reservoir. We apply the formulation to satellite-based estimates of deformation in the material overlying a thin gas production zone at the Krechba field in Algeria. The peak displacement after three years of gas production is approximately 0.5 cm, overlying the eastern margin of the anticlinal structure defining the gas field. Using data from 15 irregularly-spaced images of range change, we calculate the diffusive travel times associated with the startup of a gas production well. The inequality constraints are incorporated into the estimates of model parameter resolution and covariance, improving the resolution by roughly 30 to 40%.

  16. Latest Jurassic-early Cretaceous regressive facies, northeast Africa craton

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    van Houten, F.B.

    1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nonmarine to paralic detrital deposits accumulated in six large basins between Algeria and the Arabo-Nubian shield during major regression in latest Jurassic and Early Cretaceous time. The Ghadames Sirte (north-central Libya), and Northern (Egypt) basins lay along the cratonic margin of northeastern Africa. The Murzuk, Kufra, and Southern (Egypt) basins lay in the south within the craton. Data for reconstructing distribution, facies, and thickness of relevant sequences are adequate for the three northern basins only. High detrital influx near the end of Jurassic time and in mid-Cretaceous time produced regressive nubian facies composed largely of low-sinuosity stream and fahdelta deposits. In the west and southwest the Ghadames, Murzuk, and Kufra basins were filled with a few hundred meters of detritus after long-continued earlier Mesozoic aggradation. In northern Egypt the regressive sequence succeeded earlier Mesozoic marine sedimentation; in the Sirte and Southern basins correlative deposits accumulated on Precambrian and Variscan terranes after earlier Mesozoic uplift and erosion. Waning of detrital influx into southern Tunisia and adjacent Libya in the west and into Israel in the east initiated an Albian to early Cenomanian transgression of Tethys. By late Cenomanian time it had flooded the entire cratonic margin, and spread southward into the Murzuk and Southern basins, as well as onto the Arabo-Nubian shield. Latest Jurassic-earliest Cretaceous, mid-Cretaceous, and Late Cretaceous transgressions across northeastern Africa recorded in these sequences may reflect worldwide eustatic sea-level rises. In contrast, renewed large supply of detritus during each regression and a comparable subsidence history of intracratonic and marginal basins imply regional tectonic control. 6 figures.

  17. Depositional sequence evolution, Paleozoic and early Mesozoic of the central Saharan platform, North Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sprague, A.R.G. (Exxon Production Research Co., Houston, TX (United States))

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over 30 depositional sequences have been identified in the Paleozoic and lower Mesozoic of the Ghadames basin of eastern Algeria, southern Tunisia, and western Libya. Well logs and lithologic information from more than 500 wells were used to correlate the 30 sequences throughout the basin (total area more than 1 million km{sup 2}). Based on systematic change in the log response of strata in successively younger sequences, five groups of sequences with distinctive characteristics have been identified: Cambro-Ordivician, Upper Silurian-Middle Devonian, Upper Devonian, Carboniferous, and Middle Triassic-Middle Jurassic. Each sequence group is terminated by a major, tectonically enhanced sequence boundary that is immediately overlain (except for the Carboniferous) by a shale-prone interval deposited in response to basin-wide flooding. The four Paleozoic sequence groups were deposited on the Saharan platform, a north facing, clastic-dominated shelf that covered most of North Africa during the Paleozoic. The sequence boundary at the top of the Carboniferous sequence group is one of several Permian-Carboniferous angular unconformities in North Africa related to the Hercynian orogeny. The youngest sequence group (Middle Triassic to Middle Jurassic) is a clastic-evaporite package that onlaps southward onto the top of Paleozoic sequence boundary. The progressive changes from the Cambrian to the Jurassic, in the nature of the Ghadames basin sequences is a reflection of the interplay between basin morphology and tectonics, vegetation, eustasy, climate, and sediment supply.

  18. US defensive operations against Libya and the nuclear accident at Chernobyl. Markup before the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session on H. Res. 424 and H. Res 440, May 1, 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The House Foreign Affairs Committee met to mark up two resolutions: H. Res. 424 and H. Res. 440. H. Res. 424 thanks the United Kingdom for its assistance in the April 14, 1986 operation against Libya. Despite objections to the raid and to including the British, as well as questions about the quality of the US response and about the President's compliance with the Constitution and the War Powers Resolution, the resolution passed. H. Res. 440 expresses sympathy to the victims of the Chernobyl accident and asks the Soviet Union to relax restrictions on communications and the transfer of whatever technology and assistance will be helpful. It also criticizes the Soviet handling of information about the accident. An amendment strengthened the wording of the criticism, and the resolution passed. The report includes the committee discussion and the tests of the two resolutions.

  19. The economic development of Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khader, B.; El-Wifati, B.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book focuses on the development of the Libyan economy over the last decade. The book surveys both the structural developments in the Libyan economy and the experience of the individual sectors. It considers the potential for industrial development and the prospects for agriculture both in terms of natural resources and political commitments. The book also examines developments in the service sector especially banking.

  20. Distribution of polychlorinated biphenyls and organochlorine pesticides in human breast milk from various locations in Tunisia: Levels of contamination, influencing factors, and infant risk assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ennaceur, S. [Laboratory of Environmental Analytical Chemistry (05/UR/12-03), Faculty of Sciences, Bizerte, 7021 Zarzouna (Tunisia)], E-mail: ennaceurs@yahoo.fr; Gandoura, N. [Service of Pediatrics, Regional Hospital of Bizerte, Bizerte (Tunisia); Driss, M.R. [Laboratory of Environmental Analytical Chemistry (05/UR/12-03), Faculty of Sciences, Bizerte, 7021 Zarzouna (Tunisia)

    2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The concentrations of dichlorodiphenytrichloroethane and its metabolites (DDTs), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), hexachlorocyclohexane isomers (HCHs), dieldrin, and 20 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were determined in 237 human breast milk samples collected from 12 locations in Tunisia. Gas chromatography with electron capture detector (GC-ECD) was used to identify and quantify residue levels on a lipid basis of organochlorine compounds (OCs). The predominant OCs in human breast milk were PCBs, p,p'-DDE, p,p'-DDT, HCHs, and HCB. Concentrations of DDTs in human breast milk from rural areas were significantly higher than those from urban locations (p<0.05). With regard to PCBs, we observed the predominance of mid-chlorinated congeners due to the presence of PCBs with high K{sub ow} such as PCB 153, 138, and 180. Positive correlations were found between concentrations of OCs in human breast milk and age of mothers and number of parities, suggesting the influence of such factors on OC burdens in lactating mothers. The comparison of daily intakes of PCBs, DDTs, HCHs, and HCB to infants through human breast milk with guidelines proposed by WHO and Health Canada shows that some individuals accumulated OCs in breast milk close to or higher than these guidelines.

  1. From Visible to Invisible: Tunisias Gendered Democracy Paradox

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petkanas, Zoe

    described by a US Embassy official as outstanding.24 While only 55% of the total voting population registered to vote, and only 45% of those registered were women, 90% of registered voters turned up at the polls. The extraordinarily high voter turnout... , was the continual utilization of womens rights as a mechanism of state power and consolidation, under the guise of modernism.2 Nonetheless, the political, social, and economic nature of the protests and the interim governments passage of a gender parity law...

  2. Tropical Africa: Land use, biomass, and carbon estimates for 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S. [Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, OR (United States). Western Ecology Division; Gaston, G. [Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, OR (United States). National Research Council; Daniels, R.C. [ed.] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980 and describes a methodology that may be used to extend this data set to 1990 and beyond based on population and land cover data. The biomass data and carbon estimates are for woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with the possible magnitude of historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth`s land surface and includes those countries that for the most part are located in Tropical Africa. Countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea and in southern Africa (i.e., Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Western Sahara) have maximum potential biomass and land cover information but do not have biomass or carbon estimate. The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{sup TM} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass-carbon values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  3. Sun powers Libya cathodic-protection system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Currer, G.W.

    1982-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Well castings and part of the main 300-mile-long, 32-in diameter pipeline from Sarir to Tobruk are cathodically protected by solar power, which prevents galvanic action by applying an electric direct current of appropriate magnitude and polarity to the steel structures. They then act as cathodes and become the recipients of metallic ions. At each cathodic-protection station, the solar-generaor system consists of solar-panel arrays, electronic controls, and batteries.

  4. Libya: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place:Keystone CleanLaton,LearnLeuppEnergyTurbine Test Wind

  5. AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    Peru Comoros China, Hong Kong SAR Suriname Congo, Dem. Rep. (Kinshasa) China, Macau SAR Uruguay Congo

  6. U.S. LNG Imports from Algeria

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand28 198 18 Q 10OriginSep-14 Oct-14 Nov-14

  7. U.S. LNG Imports from Algeria

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand28 198 18 Q 10OriginSep-14 Oct-14 Nov-14Noyes, MN

  8. Algeria: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende NewSowitecAWSAgri-Energy Focus Area Renewable

  9. Alger, Algeria: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 SouthWaterBrasilInformation8.8173434°,AlfasolarAlgatec

  10. Legal improvements brighten North Africa production outlook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    North Africa`s three main oil producing countries soon will reap benefits of past moves by their governments to encourage investment by international companies. Production of crude oil and natural gas in Algeria, Egypt, and Libya is ready to increase from suppressed levels of the recent past, says International Energy Agency, Paris. The gains are possible despite political risks, total reserves accounting for only 4% of the world`s crude reserves, and oil prices well below levels of the 1980s, when the countries` flow rates peaked. The reason: producing oil in North Africa is profitable. In a recent study entitled North Africa Oil and Gas, IEA attributes the bright production outlook to improvements that the countries` governments have made in the past decade to hydrocarbon laws and the fiscal terms they offer international investors. According to announced plans, the three countries` combined capacity to produce crude oil will rise 18% by the year 2000 to 3.65 million b/d, and a further gain of 700,000 b/d is possible. IEA expects production capacity for natural gas to increase 50% from its 1995 level by 2000 to a combined 139.4 billion cu m/year. This paper discusses production capacities, Algeria`s record, improvements in Egypt, and Libya`s changes.

  11. Tunisia-IAEA Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, IncTipmontInformationKentucky)Bank, Asian Development Sector

  12. Early Tertiary subsidence and sedimentary facies - northern Sirte Basin, Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gumati, Y.D.; Kanes, W.H.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The subsidence curves and subsidence rate curves for the Sirte basin, constructed from the stratigraphic record, show that subsidence was continuous throughout Late Cretaceous and Tertiary times, reaching a maximum during the Paleocene and Eocene, when a major reactivation of faults occurred. Shales and carbonates were deposited during all of the Late Cretaceous and Tertiary. Abrupt lateral facies changes occur from the platform areas toward the deeper troughs along with steep downdip thickening. These conditions were probably assisted by contemporaneous faulting along structurally weak hinge lines where the dominant structural elements are normal step faults. The absence of upper Paleozoic and lower Mesozoic sediments suggests that the area was domed, faulted, and eroded during the late Mesozoic. As a result of crustal extension during the Paleocene, a marked lithologic and structural change occurred. The Heira Shale succeeded the Kalash Limestone in the Marada trough. Reactivation of the earlier faults, accompanied by an increase in the sediment supply from the south, caused these lower Paleocene shales to cover the entire area, with the exception of the old highs where carbonate deposition continued. An intercalation of shales and carbonates provides a sensitive indicator of change of depth and sediment type.

  13. Early Tertiary subsidence and sedimentary facies - Northern Sirte Basin, Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gumati, Y.D.; Kanes, W.H.

    1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The subsidence curves and subsidence rate curves for the Sirte basin, constructed from the stratigraphic record, show that subsidence was continuous throughout Late Cretaceous and Tertiary times, reaching a maximum during the Paleocene and Eocene, when a major reactivation of faults occurred. Shales and carbonates were deposited during all of the Late Cretaceous and Tertiary. Abrupt lateral facies changes occur from the platform areas toward the deeper troughs along with steep downdip thickening. The absence of upper Paleozoic and lower Mesozoic sediments suggests that the area was domed, faulted, and eroded during the late Mesozoic. As a result of crustal extension during the Paleocene, a marked lithologic and structural change occurred. The Heira Shale succeeded the Kalash Limestone in the Marada trough. Reactivation of the earlier faults, accompanied by an increase in the sediment supply from the south, caused these lower Paleocene shales to cover the entire area, with the exception of the old highs where carbonate deposition continued. An intercalation of shales and carbonates provides a sensitive indicator of change of depth and sediment type. 14 figures.

  14. WPTV News Channel 5 Boca expert concerned for Libya's future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belogay, Eugene A.

    warring factions at bay. Now that the dictator is dead and there's no longer a single goal uniting to make sure that the competing factions, having come together to oust Kadhafi, can come together

  15. Africa planned gas lines will meet future demand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The burgeoning European market for natural gas is expected to create major gas line construction. The potential for North Africa looks particularly promising in 1991. Italy's ENI has proposed a 6,000-km (3,728-mi) gas network in North Africa to connect gas-rich Libya and Algeria with Morocco and Mauritania, making large volumes available to the European market. According to the proposal, a gas line would run from the Sirte Basin in Libya west to Mauritania. Extending the line eastward through Egypt and on to the Arabian Peninsula would provide export access. In this paper initial studies are examine reserve projections for the next 20 years, then based on results, a transmission/distribution network will be designed, including an offshore gathering system.

  16. Africa's natural gas: potentialities and letdowns

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baladian, K.

    1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although Africa has experienced 10 times less hydrocarbon exploration than Western Europe, its proved gas reserves already amount to 220-223 trillion CF or 7% of world reserves, while Europe holds 6% or 167 TCF. Yet Africa marketed only 1.3 TCF in 1982 against Europe's 6.5 TCF. Because of the lack of domestic demand for gas, Africa flares up to 21% of its gas output. Algeria is the continent's primary gas consumer, with Egypt, Libya, and Nigeria trying to expand local gas markets. The vast majority of marketed African gas goes to Europe, either as gas sent through the Trans-Med pipeline or as LNG via tanker.

  17. EOR projects in differing technical and economic environments: an overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chierici, G.L.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The attitude of the oil industry toward the implementation of enhanced oil recovery (EOR) projects depends on technical, economic, and strategic constraints which vary from country to country. Three geographic areas are emphasized where most of the current EOR projects are being performed: the U.S., the European Economic Community, and the COMECON countries. EOR projects also are under way in other oil countries of the Americas (Canada, Venezuela, Mexico, Trinidad, Brazil, Columbia, and Chile), as well as in North Africa (Algeria, Libya) and Indonesia.

  18. OPEC production: Capital limitations, environmental movements may interfere with expansion plans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ismail, I.A.H. (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, Vienna (Austria))

    1994-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Obtaining capital is a critical element in the production expansion plans of OPEC member countries. Another issue that may impact the plans is the environmental taxes that may reduce the call on OPEC oil by 5 million b/d in 2000 and about 16 million b/d in the year 2010. This concluding part of a two-part series discusses the expansion possibilities of non-Middle East OPEC members, OPEC's capital requirements, and environmental concerns. Non-Middle East OPEC includes Algeria, Gabon, Indonesia, Libya, Nigeria, and Venezuela.

  19. Algeria-DLR Resource Assessments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende NewSowitecAWSAgri-Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Solar,

  20. Algeria-NREL Energy Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende NewSowitecAWSAgri-Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy,

  1. Algeria-IAEA Energy Planning | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergy InformationTuriAlexandria Biomass Facility JumpKansas)t

  2. Algeria-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 SouthWaterBrasilInformation8.8173434°,AlfasolarAlgatecAlger-Delta

  3. Algeria Ministry of Energy and Mining | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORT Americium/Curium Vitrification ProjectAVANTIAirey JumpAlaskan

  4. Nepali Aawaz Volume 1, Issue 13, 14 April 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shrestha, Kashish Das

    , 1968 with Bulgaria 20 April, 1968 with Romania 29 April, 1968 with Algeria 15 April. 1971 with Ethiopia 8 April, 1972 with Bangladesh 18 April, 1975 with Cambodia 14 April, 1984 with Tunisia 28 April, 1987 with Venezuela 20 April, 1992 with Estonia... to participate in making history during the 1990s movement, but there are no excuses now. You are educated, you have access to resources that others might now. Why not say I think democracy is the right path and not autocracy or violence publicly...

  5. North African geology: exploration matrix for potential major hydrocarbon discoveries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kanes, W.H.; O'Connor, T.E.

    1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on results and models presented previously, it is possible to consider an exploration matrix that examines the 5 basic exploration parameters: source, reservoir, timing, structure, and seal. This matrix indicates that even those basins that have had marginal exploration successes, including the Paleozoic megabasin and downfaulted Triassic grabens of Morocco, the Cyrenaican platform of Libya, and the Tunisia-Sicily shelf, have untested plays. The exploration matrix also suggests these high-risk areas could change significantly, if one of the 5 basic matrix parameters is upgraded or if adjustments in political or financial risk are made. The Sirte basin and the Gulf of Suez, 2 of the more intensely explored areas, also present attractive matrix prospects, particularly with deeper Nubian beds or with the very shallow Tertiary sections. The Ghadames basin of Libya and Tunisia shows some potential, but its evaluation responds strongly to stratigraphic and external nongeologic matrix variations based on degree of risk exposure to be assumed. Of greatest risk in the matrix are the very deep Moroccan Paleozoic clastic plays and the Jurassic of Sinai. However, recent discoveries may upgrade these untested frontier areas. Based on the matrix generated by the data presented at a North African Petroleum Geology symposium, significant hydrocarbon accumulations are yet to be found. The remaining questions are: where in the matrix does each individual company wish to place its exploration capital and how much should be the risk exposure.

  6. Tunisia-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, IncTipmontInformationKentucky)Bank, Asian Development Bank,

  7. Tunisia-DLR Resource Assessments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, IncTipmontInformationKentucky)Bank, Asian Development Bank,en/

  8. Tunisia-GTZ Promotion of EERE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, IncTipmontInformationKentucky)Bank, Asian Development

  9. Tunisia-REEEP Energy Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, IncTipmontInformationKentucky)Bank, Asian Development

  10. Geological history of the west Libyan offshore and adjoining regions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benniran, M.M.; Taleb, T.M.; McCrossan, R.G.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The continental margin of the African plate north of Libya is separated from the Saharan platform to the south by a major Variscan fault system running along the coastline. The structural evolution of three sedimentary basins within the margin is discussed. The Jeffara basin, onshore western Libya-southern Tunisia, formed as a right-lateral pull-part late in the Variscan event. When the strike-slip motion ceased in the Late Permian, the basin continued to subside thermally. The Sabratah (Tripolitanian) basin, offshore western Libya-southern Tunisia, and the Benghazi basin in the Sirte rise were both formed as left-lateral pull-aparts in the Late Triassic-Early Jurassic. From the Middle Jurassic to the present they have subsided thermally. Onshore the lower Mesozoic is characterized by continental and nearshore clastics, separated by an evaporite sequence of Late Triassic-Early Jurassic age. Offshore this sequence is thought to grade northward into open marine carbonates. Uplift along the edge of the Saharan platform during the Early Cretaceous sourced coarse clastics, which grade northward into a thick sequence of shallow-water carbonates. Throughout the Late Cretaceous and early Tertiary, high-energy carbonates were deposited around the flanks of the Sabratah basin, grading into deeper-water, fine-grained clastics and carbonates toward the center of the basin. The late Tertiary succession is dominated by clastics derived from the growing Tellian Atlas to the northwest. During the Mesozoic and Tertiary a thick sequence of carbonates was deposited on the Pelagian platform to the north of the Sabratah basin. Periodically the platform was exposed subaerially.

  11. Lesson 57: Comparatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    child's behavior is exceedingly bad.] b). Vita kati ya Libya na Amerika vimezidi. [The war between Libya

  12. The Pelagian Block (central Mediterranean): Exploration and new opportunities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zappaterra, E. [Chevron Co., London (United Kingdom)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Pelagian Block, extending from eastern Tunisia to offshore western Libya and northward to Malta and Sicily, is a complex foreland area structurally active since the Carboniferous, that separates western North Africa from southern Italy. The north (Sicily) and central parts of the Pelagian Block contain Triassic-Lower Jurassic peritidal carbonates with rare evaporites; Middle Jurassic-Eocene pelagic carbonates, and paralic to marine clastics of Oligocene to Pleistocene age, with Messinian evaporites. The Middle Jurassic/Eocene platform to pelagic carbonates of Sicily are gradually replaced southward by basin margin, marine to paralic carbonates and clastics. In eastern Tunisia, these rocks overlie Triassic-Lower Jurasic evaporites. Principal petroleum resources occur offshore SE Sicily, offshore Tunisia and in adjacent Libyan waters. The largest oil fields are Bouri (800 MMB recoverable reserves) and Ashtart (recoverable reserves of 250 MMB). The largest gas field is Miskar (recoverable reserves of 800 BCF). Smaller accumulations are distributed throughout the region. New oil discoveries, ranging in size from 8 MMB to 50 MMB, have recently been made onshore and in the shallow offshore. Proven and potential source beds for hydrocarbons occur in various paleotectonic settings: anoxic lagoons formed in the early continental rifting stages (Triassic/Liassic organic rich units of SE Sicily); subcontinental/paralic coals and shales (Lower Cretaceous of Tunisia); and deeper water anoxic basins (late Mesozoic and Tertiary organic sequences). Additional exploration opportunities are expected in undrilled or sparsely drilled acreage, with traditional plays similar to those tested in the past; or in new plays directed to the exploration of new reservoir objectives.

  13. Africa: It's good news, bad news - again

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article presents the outlook for African petroleum. Observations include: Nigerian oil revenues will be $6-7 billion this year, down 50% from '84; Egyptian drillers are still going strong in the Western Desert and Gulf of Suez; Algeria is looking for natural gas buyers, and they have plenty of gas to sell-cheap; Even with new petroleum legislation, Tunisian production and reserves are falling; Libya's bozo leader is feeling the effects of falling oil revenues and falling bombs; Angola continues as a hot spot of activity with 42 successful oil strikes last year; Crude production jumped 29% in Cameroun last year with three new fields onstream; Congo is another West African winner due to major commitments by Elf and Agip.

  14. The post-war Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tempest, P.

    1992-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The Middle East remains today the global energy fulcrum. One year after the Persian Gulf war, the region is in greater turmoil and political uncertainty than it has known in modern times. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and subsequent external military intervention forced neighboring states to question the need for a foreign military presence in the future. The rift between the secular revolutionary states in the region led by Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Algeria, and Syria and the traditional monarchy of Saudi Arabia and the emirates of the gulf has widened. Egypt provides, at present, an uncomfortable bridge. The balance of political forces may be shifting. This paper attempts to answer the following questions: Where will we see the new leadership in the Middle East Will it again play a role through the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and determination of the oil price in shaping the structure of global energy supply and demand

  15. Cyclic transgressive and regressive sequences and their association with hydrocarbons, Sirte Basin, Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abushagar, S.A.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Sirte basin was developed in north Africa between the Tethys Sea and the Saharan shield during Late Cretaceous time and was the site of mixed siliciclastic and carbonate deposition throughout the Tertiary. A series of bioclastic limestones and shales was deposited around the basin rim. Shales were confined to the low-energy zones in the basin, whereas carbonates were deposited on the shelf areas. The Farrud Formation (equivalent to the Beda Formation in the central part) is the main reservoir for oil found in the western portion of the basin. The faunal assemblages and lithologies recognized in this formation apparently reflect a very shallow marine depositional environment. Source rocks are developed in organic-rich, transgressive shales (Dahra and Hagfa). Moldic, fenestral, and intraparticle porosities are the most common types recognized in the carbonate reservoirs of the Farrud Formation. Permeability is developed in part by processes such as dolomitization, leaching, and fracturing in the two progradational, regressive carbonate cycles, resulting in the exceptional Ghani field reservoirs. Hydrocarbons were trapped in these reservoirs due to the presence of a supratidal anhydrite cap rock.

  16. Crustal rifting and subsidence of Sirte basin, Libya: a mature hydrocarbon Province

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gumati, Y.; Schamel, S.; Nairn, A.E.M.

    1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The complex rifting and subsidence history of the Sirte basin serves as an instructive case study of the tectonic evolution of an intercratonic extensional basin. The Sirte basin formed by collapse of the Sirte arch in the mid-Cretaceous. Marine sediments accumulated following initial crustal arching and rifting as the basin was flooded from the north. Upper Cretaceous strata lie unconformably on igneous and metamorphic rocks of the Precambrian basement complex, Cambrian-Ordovician Gargaf Group, or the pre-Cretaceous continental Nubian Sandstone. The most rapid subsidence and accumulation of basinal strata occurred in the early Cenozoic; however, the basin has been relatively stable since the Oligocene. The basin is floored by a northwest-southeast-trending mosaic of narrow horsts and grabens, an important structural characteristic that distinguishes it from the adjacent intracratonic Kufra, Murzuk, and Ghadames basins. The details of basin subsidence, sediment accumulation rates, and facies variations have been reconstructed for the northern Sirte basin from a suite of approximately 100 well logs and numerous seismic lines. Subsidence-rate maps for short time intervals from the mid-Cretaceous through the Eocene show a continual shifting of the loci of maximum and minimum subsidence. The nonsteady character of basin subsidence may reflect a periodicity of movement on the major basement-rooted growth faults bounding the underlying horsts and grabens.

  17. Personal Computing for Education Reform in Libya Ahmed Elmagarmid and Arjmand Samuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elmagarmid, Ahmed K.

    -driven crank, solar panels etc. OLPC also runs a thinned-down version of Linux operating system and is focused, portable and low cost computers for use in schools across the developing world. Two initiatives, namely One these projects aim to provide a low-cost laptop, in the range of $200-$300, to the world's children

  18. Iran-Libya: a comparison of two state sponsors of terrorism.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milinski, Martin

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??A comparison of the socio-political and national security similarities and differences between two of the US Department of States 'Designated State Sponsors of Terrorism' is (more)

  19. The Kufrah Paleodrainage System in Libya: A Past Connection to the Mediterranean Sea ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    between the terminal part of the Kufrah River and the Mediterranean Sea through the Wadi Sahabi, a Pliocene alkaline basaltic intra-continental volcanic field, and potentially connected to the Wadi Sahabi in the dunes of the Calanscio Sand Sea, forming alluvial fans. The most southern paleochannel, known as Wadi

  20. North Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicod, M.A.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The total area covered by petroleum rights in the six countries described in this paper increased by more than 17% in 1980 compared to 1979. Joint venture agreements were finalized for 19 blocks over 94,000 km/sup 2/ in the Algerian venture. Although official information is scarce for Algeria and Libya, seismic activity probably increased in 1980 compared to 1979. Exploration drilling activity increased with 121 wildcats drilled compared to 93 during the previous year. This effort led to 40 discoveries, a 34.5% success ratio. Chevron was especially successful in wildcatting, with 6 oil discoveries for 8 wells drilled in the interior basins of Sudan. One Moroccan discovery can be considered as a highlight: the BRPM Meskala 101 well in the Essaouira basin found an apparently large amount of gas in Triassic sandstones. This discovery deserves special attention, since the gas has been found in Triassic pays rather than in the usual Jurassic pays in the Essaouira basin. Oil production in North Africa decreased from about 13.5% in 1980, with about 3,405,000 barrels of oil per day compared to 3,939,500 barrels of oil per day in 1979. When oil output strongly decreased in Algeria (-16.4%) and Libya (-15.6%), Tunisian production peaked at 116,287 barrels of oil per day and Egypt production also peaked at 584,148 barrels of oil per day. Total gas production in 1980 strongly declined from 44%, mostly due to the decline of the Algerian gas production. 8 figures, 40 tables.

  1. Trade balance instability and the optimal exchange rate regime: The case of OPEC countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aljerrah, M.A.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The OPEC members have experienced wide fluctuations in their trade balances. This can be attributed to several factors: (1) heavy dependence of national income and export earnings on a single primary export-oil; (2) instability of price and world demand for oil; and (3) the exchange rate regime practiced in recent years. An exchange rate policy can be used to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance, given the changes in exchange rates of major international currencies. The purpose of this study is two fold; first, examine the effects of fluctuations in trade balance on the OPEC economies, and second, propose appropriate exchange rate regime for selected OPEC members. The study is divided into two parts. The first part demonstrates the impact of trade balance changes on national income and other macroeconomic variables using a Keynesian framework. The second part involves using conventional trade models to search for the appropriate exchange rate regime to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance of each selective country. The study's findings are: first, fluctuations in trade balances had negative effects on the economics of Algeria, Kuwait, Libya, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Second, the current exchange rate regime of no sample country is optimal in minimizing trade balance fluctuations. Third, in contrast to expectations, U.S. dollar peg did not stabilize the trade balance of any OPEC member. Finally, the results show that the sample OPEC economies could have enjoyed faster - though with different degree - economic growth if they had pegged their currencies to the derived optimal exchange rate regime. These optimal exchange rate regimes are: the SDR for Algeria and the United Arab Emirates, the purchasing power parity for Libya and Saudi Arabia, and the real Yen for Kuwait.

  2. Well performance graph simplifies field calculations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Ghetto, G.

    1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphic Methods are widely employed in order to understand overall well behavior using only surface parameters. The authors propose a new graphic method, used successfully by Agip for oil and gas wells in Italy, Libya, Nigeria and Tunisia. The well performance graph helps solve many production problems, including estimation of: inflow performance relationship; causes of rate decline throughout well life; and production rate and bottomhole flowing pressure for various pressures upstream of the surface choke, and vice-versa. This method differs from others by using flow behavior through the choke for both critical and subcritical conditions. Equations describing flow through the formation, string and surface choke are also used. Results are quite reliable when these theoretical equations are calibrated with field data, either from the well concerned or from nearby wells producing the same fluid. This article describes the technique as it applies to oil wells. The methodology for gas wells is similar.

  3. High temperature solar thermal technology: The North Africa Market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High temperature solar thermal (HTST) technology offers an attractive option for both industrialized and non-industrialized countries to generate electricity and industrial process steam. The purpose of this report is to assess the potential market for solar thermal applications in the North African countries of Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia. North Africa was selected because of its outstanding solar resource base and the variety of applications to be found there. Diminishing oil and gas resources, coupled with expanding energy needs, opens a large potential market for the US industry. The US high temperature solar trough industry has little competition globally and could build a large market in these areas. The US is already familiar with certain solar markets in North Africa due to the supplying of substantial quantities of US-manufactured flat plate collectors to this region.

  4. Petroleum developments in North Africa in 1979

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicod, M.A.

    1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the 6 countries covered by this report, the extent of valid petroleum rights, seismic work, and drilling was nearly the same as in 1978. The success rate of wildcat drilling decreased slightly, to 28% (33% in 1978), with 26 oil or gas discoveries. In southwestern Tunisia, the Amoco Sabrina Nord 1 tested 930 bbl of 39/sup 0/ APl oil from Cambrian-Ordovician sandstones - the first oil to come from lower Paleozoic rocks in Tunisia. First commercial oil from Cambrian-Ordovician rocks in western Libya was discovered by Agip A1-NC40 which flowed 1,400 b/d. Highlight of the year in North Africa was in the interior basin of Sudan where the Chevron Abu Gabra 1 tested 900 BOPD of 40/sup 0/ APl oil from Cretaceous rocks; 2 other wells, spudded in late 1979 in the same area, have tested 3,200 and 7,300 b/d, respectively, in early 1980. Discovery well of the interior basin was Chevron Unity 1 which tested small amounts of oil in 1978. Oil production in North Africa in 1979 averaged 3,939,500 b/d compared with 3,802,800 b/d in 1978, an increase of 3.6%.

  5. Chemical Composition and Insecticidal Properties of Thymus numidicus (Poiret) Essential Oil from Algeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    were isolated by steam distillation, analysed by gas chromatography coupled with the mass spectrometry toxicity of global oil recovered after one hour of extraction and its fraction F1 recovered after 2 distillation is a very rapid process and the duration of extraction could be limited to15 minutes, since more

  6. GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT PSW-GTR-245 Wildfire Management Policies in Algeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: Climate Change and Wildfires, November 5-11, 2012, Mexico of the Fourth International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: Climate Change and Wildfires 383 is a Mediterranean country strongly conditioned by the physical, biological, climatic and environmental

  7. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria cameroon cote Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 Costa... -Rica 14 Cote-D'Ivoire 1 Cyprus 2 Denmark 3 Dominican-Republic 1 Ecuador 2 Egypt 7 El-Salvador 1 Ethiopia 3 Source: Peterson, Blake R. - Department of Medicinal...

  8. Price of Cove Point, MD Natural Gas LNG Imports from Algeria (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 10,998 9,933 10,998 10,643 10,998through 1996)DecadeYear Jan670,174per(NominalThousand Cubic

  9. Price of Everett, MA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Algeria (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 10,998 9,933 10,998 10,643 10,998through 1996)DecadeYear(Dollars per ThousandThousand CubicThousand

  10. Price of Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Algeria (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 10,998 9,933 10,998 10,643 10,998through 1996)DecadeYear(Dollars perFeet)(DollarsperThousand Cubic

  11. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Algeria (Million Cubic Feet)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecemberSteamYearTexas--StateWinter 2013-14 Wells (Thousand Feet),433

  12. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Algeria (Million Cubic Feet)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecemberSteamYearTexas--StateWinter 2013-14 Wells (Thousand Feet),433Year Jan Feb

  13. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Algeria (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in NonproducingAdditions to Capacity on the U.S.ThousandThousandThousand

  14. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Algeria (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 10,998 9,933 10,998 10,643 10,998throughThousand Cubic Feet)Thousand CubicTexas NaturalThousand

  15. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Algeria (Dollars per

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30 2013 Macroeconomicper8,170Thousand Cubic Feet) Year JanThousandThousand

  16. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Algeria (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: EnergyShale ProvedTexas"Brunei (Dollars perReserves (Billion CubicExpected+Intrastate

  17. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Algeria (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007York"Hawaii" "Sector", (Million CubicAdjustments7-2015 Liquefied

  18. NEWS IN BRIEF NATURE|Vol 435|9 June 2005 Germanycastsdoubton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and a Palestinian doctor sentenced to death in Libya in May 2004 will remain in jail for six more months before, long before the workers arrived in Libya (see Nature 430, 277; 2004). The decision by Libya's supreme

  19. Proceedings of COLING 2014, the 25th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Technical Papers, pages 12081217, Dublin, Ireland, August 23-29 2014.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . For instance, for the query "Libya conflict", our system will return important events related to the Libya measures" to protect civilians in Libya, where a revolt is under way against the regime of Moamer Kadhafi

  20. Visitors' attitudes toward the maintenance, preservation and development of Ichkeul National Park, Tunisia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Alanna Lee

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    on citizens' attitudes and behaviors to support park maintenance. Ichkeul National Park includes a variety of natural resources. Individual resource use at Ichkeul today will determine whether or not resources will be available for all Tunisians... nearly tripled (International Union for the Conservation of Nature, 1971; 1985). In many nations, the concept of a national park is foreign, part of the inundation of ideas recently introduced to the society. Citizens who have traditional uses...

  1. Organic Geochemistry of the CenomanianTuronian Bahloul Formation Petroleum Source Rock, Central and Northern Tunisia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    1 Organic Geochemistry of the CenomanianTuronian Bahloul Formation Petroleum Source Rock, Central and around diapirs of the Triassic salt. Key words: Organic matter, Petroleum Source Rock, Cenomanian (TOC) determination, Rock-Eval pyrolysis, extractable organic matter content (EOM) fractionation

  2. E-Print Network 3.0 - archipelago tunisia north Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of amphibians and reptiles on islands in the Laurentian Summary: archipelagoes (Lake Erie, St Lawrence, Georgian Bay, Apostle) in the Laurentian Great Lakes of North America......

  3. EUROMED Sustainable Connections: 4.3 Community Profile Jlioula, Tunisia 1 COMMUNITY PROFILE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

    , and is antiseptic as well as diuretic. As far as other uses for olives and olive wood are concerned, its oil is used. Olive oil is also used to perfume, massage, and keep the scalp and skin healthy, and is especially to Roman times. The oil called "Enndhouh" (i.e., `the clearest') is manually pressed, using neither olive

  4. New data on the characterization of humic substances extracted from phosphatised faecal "pellets" (Tunisia)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    New data on the characterization of humic substances extracted from phosphatised faecal "pellets, Université Tunis El Manar, 1060, Tunis, Tunisie Humic substances (HS) were extracted from faecal "pellets of the organic matter within the pellets, both from a qualitative and quantitative point of view. The elemental

  5. Education, research, and extension: an evaluation of agricultural institutions in Tunisia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bedo, Shannon Hajdik

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    institutions as a system. Overarching themes included a pointed focus on meeting farmer needs, but this desire was hindered from being carried out fully due to complex communication systems and an organizational structure that did not facilitate change. Hope...

  6. The use of diagnostic tools to manage the nitrogen fertilization of potato in Tunisia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BEHI, OMAR; Marouani, Amel; Ben Haj Salah, Halim

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Martin, M. 1997. Diagnosis of potato nitrogen status. In G.during the development of potato. In order to have a goodcritical dilution curve for potato. The calculation of the

  7. E-Print Network 3.0 - arab republic tunisia Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    --Uf- DO Dominican Republic ----- TP East Timor -Iu-- EC Ecuador (Republic of) bIU-- EG Egypt (Arab... Sweden (Kingdom of) BIUFO CH Switzerland (Swiss Confederation) ----- SY Syria...

  8. Tunisia-Bringing a Range of Supported Mitigation Activities in Selected

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, IncTipmontInformationKentucky) JumpCorpDistTucsonCountries to

  9. Tunisia-Capacity Development for GHG inventories and MRV | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, IncTipmontInformationKentucky) JumpCorpDistTucsonCountries

  10. Tunisia-Capacity Development for GHG inventories and MRV | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, IncTipmontInformationKentucky)

  11. Tunisia-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP)

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,LtdInformationTulsa, Oklahoma: Energy

  12. Modeling Topic Specific Credibility in Twitter Byungkyu Kang, John O'Donovan,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    users who tweeted about the topic "Libya". Results show that the social model outperfoms hybrid credibility ratings on the "Libya" dataset. Author Keywords Credibility, Trust, Microblogs, Data Mining

  13. Italians and the Invention of Race: The Poetics and Politics of Difference in the Struggle over Libya, 1890-1913

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Re, Lucia

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    e alla scienza di governo (Torino: Fratelli Bocca, 1890),e alla scienza di governo (Torino: Fratelli Bocca, 1890),la megera che, protetti dal governo, inseguono la tua figlia

  14. Fighting for control : state-sponsored terrorism as foreign policy in Cuba and Libya, 1959-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Payne, John David, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this dissertation, I ask four inter-related questions about state-sponsored terrorism. First, under what conditions do states choose to support foreign terrorist groups? Second, when do sponsor states stop supporting ...

  15. Italians and the Invention of Race: The Poetics and Politics of Difference in the Struggle over Libya, 1890-1913

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Re, Lucia

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Filippo Tommaso. La battaglia di Tripoli (26 ottobre 1911)stands Marinettis La battaglia di Tripoli (1911-1912).end the free-word poem Battaglia Peso+Odore. All three

  16. Similarities in the Paleozoic successions of north Africa and Arabia and implications for petroleum exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark-Lowes, D.D. (Scott Pickford and Associates Ltd., Surrey (England))

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From field studies in southwest Libya and northwest Saudi Arabia, the facies of the Paleozoic succession of the north African/Arabian stable cratonic margin of Gondwanaland are interpreted as fluvial, estuarine, deltaic, shallow marine, and glacial deposits. The facies of the Saq and Tabuk Formations of Saudi Arabia bear witness to a sedimentary history that is very similar to that of north Africa, the Saq Formation (Cambrian-Arenig) being equivalent to the Hassaouna Formation of Libya and the Tabuk Formation being subdivided and correlated using well-dated shale members to the following formations: Haouaz (Llanvirn-Llandeilo), Melez-Chograne (Caradoc), Memouniat (Ashgill), Tanezzuft/Acacus (Llandovery-Ludlow), and Tadrart (Gedinnian -Emsian). The Cambrian-Ordovician succession comprises Nubian-type fluvial and estuarine sandstones which pass up to regressive deltaic/shallow marine sequences overlain by Upper Ordovician glacial deposits that lie in deeply incised paleovalleys recorded from Saudi Arabia and north Africa. The Silurian succession comprises the deposits of a postglacial marine transgression of vast lateral extent and a subsequent regression, the sandstones of which are markedly diachronous. The Lower Devonian succession comprises fining-upward retrogradational deltaic (transgressive) sequences of Nubian-type sandstones (fluvial to shallow marine) which form widespread blanket sandstone bodies. The prospectivity of these strata is well known from Algeria in the west to Jordan in the east, the Llandoverian oil-prone source rocks providing the key to Cambrian-Ordovician and Lower Devonian plays. The significance of underlying paleovalley-fill fluvioglacial sandstones as linear reservoir targets has yet to be fully appreciated.

  17. Volunteer Day Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    when you signed in: Benin Brazil Burkina Faso China Colombia Honduras Japan Jordan Korea Kuwait Libya

  18. Revue de presse ANGLAIS Semaine du 04 au 10 avril 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rennes, Université de

    Abby Deveney) : Conflict continues in Libya, Ivory Coast and Yemen; no relief for Japan; the handbag

  19. April 20, 2005 --Lecture 35 Computer Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Douglas W.

    , Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Serbia, Sudan, Syria, and Taleban controlled areas of Afghanistan #12

  20. Thursday, February 9, 2012 ODU MODEL UN SOCIETY HOSTING 35TH ANNUAL HIGH SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and missions in Afghanistan, Botswana, the former Czechoslovakia, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Italy, Kuwait, Libya

  1. U.N. Security Council Issues Condemnation of Syria Attack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that might repeat the NATO military intervention in Libya, and despite strong statements, the West has

  2. 20 Annual Report 2012 | Excellence in Research Exploring the Human Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    inspired further demonstrations in Libya, Syria, and elsewhere. During the fall course, "Global Orients

  3. Lake Wauburg Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United

  4. PhD Dissertation Defense CONTRIBUTION AND MECHANISMS OF ACTION OF GRAPHITE NANOMATERIALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HIGH PERFORMANCE CONCRETE By Libya Ahmed Sbia Advisor: Prof. Praviz Soroshian Tuesday, July 15, 2014

  5. YouProve: Authenticity and Fidelity in Mobile Sensing Peter Gilbert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Egypt, and Libya is difficult. Due to logistical obstacles, govern- ment bans, and reprisals against

  6. La Chua Trail Immunization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mair, Bernard A.

    China Colombia Costa Rica Ecuador France Greece India Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Qatar Russia

  7. International Opportunities.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Jim

    contact Jon Inegbedion: Libya, Egypt, Turkey, Iraq, Iran Rami Al Mousa: Jordan, Bahrain, Saudi, Qatar

  8. University 5 University Office Listings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meng, Yizhi

    ..................................................2-6032 Libya Williams, Construction Accounting ................................2-9517 People

  9. Among the Best A Great Start to 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stell, John

    and Libya. The need for more physiotherapists (trained to a high standard) in developed and developing

  10. Pool Party TheELIWeekly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Dominican Republic Ecuador Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Nigeria Pakistan Qatar Saudi Arabia Senegal

  11. Halloween Birthdays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Korea Kuwait Libya Oman Paraguay Qatar Saudi Arabia Taiwan Turkey UAE Venezuela The Weekly Newsletter

  12. National Aeronautics and Space Administration www.nasa.gov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian, Eric

    2006 Table of Contents GoddardUpdates Goddard Updates NASA Watches Total Eclipse from Libya and Turkey Libya. Libya provided the best location to see the solar phenomena; the expansive Sahara Desert podcasts. Live webcasts and NASA TV coverage from Turkey began at 5 a.m. EST March 29. In addition to Libya

  13. ernational Multi-Co s, Signals &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, India, Iraq, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Oman, Romania, Saudi Arabia

  14. Sovereign Wealth Funds: Stylized Facts about their Determinants and Governance*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua; Glick, Reuven

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Algeria Brunei Korea Kazakhstan Venezuela Malaysia Nigeriac Algeria Brunei Korea Kazakhstan Venezuela Malaysia NigeriaFund for the Republic of Kazakhstan National Development

  15. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    regressions on family ties Croatia Algeria Finland SwedenCzech Republic Bulgaria Croatia Algeria Saudi Arabia CzechSweden Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Germany Netherlands Denmark

  16. Role of modern climate and hydrology in world oil preservation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szatmari, P. (Petrobras Research Center, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil))

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The accumulation of oil requires a favorable source, a reservoir, good seal-rock quality, and suitably timed thermal history and structuring. The accumulated oil, especially its light fractions, may be subsequently removed by hydrologically controlled processes such as water washing, biodegradation, and tilting of the oil-water contact. These processes are dependent on the climate. In regions that have become increasingly cold or dry during late Cenozoic time, low rainfall, low ground-water flow rates, and low input of nutrients and microorganisms have protected the oil; in warm or temperate rainy climates, high flow rates and high input of nutrients and microorganisms have led to partial or total removal of oil. Thus, most of the rich (>500,000 barrels/day) oil provinces on land are in cold or dry regions, where water is recharged in highlands that receive little rain (<500 mm/yr), such as Texas, Oklahoma, Wyoming, Alaska's North Slope, California, Algeria, Libya, Egypt, the Middle East, the Volga-Ural basin, and western Siberia. Where upland recharge areas are warm or temperate and rainy, as in the eastern United States, western Europe, sub-Saharan Africa, Brazil, India, and most of China, rich oil provinces on land (outside young deltas) are rare, and biodegradation is widespread. 32 refs., 2 figs.

  17. Africa gaining importance in world LPG trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haun, R.R. [Purvin and Gertz Inc., Dallas, TX (United States); Otto, K.W.; Whitley, S.C. [Purvin and Gertz Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

    1997-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Major LPG projects planned or under way in Africa will increase the importance of that region`s presence in world LPG trade. Supplies will nearly double between 1995 and 2005, at which time they will remain steady for at least 10 years. At the same time that exports are leveling, however, increasing domestic demand for PG is likely to reduce export-market participation by Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, and Libya. The growth of Africa`s participation in world LPG supply is reflected in comparisons for the next 15--20 years. Total world supply of LPG in 1995 was about 165 million metric tons (tonnes), of which Africans share was 7.8 million tonnes. By 2000, world supply will grow to slightly more than 200 million tonnes, with Africa`s share expected to increase to 13.2 million tonnes (6.6%). And by 2005, world LPG supply will reach nearly 230 million tonnes; Africa`s overall supply volumes by that year will be nearly 16.2 million tonnes (7%). World LPG supply for export in 1995 was on order of 44 million tonnes with Africa supply about 4 million tonnes (9%). By 2005, world export volumes of LPG will reach nearly 70 million tonnes; Africa`s share will have grown by nearly 10 million tonnes (14.3%).

  18. Porosity prediction in sandstones using erosional unconformities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shanmugam, G.

    1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Erosional unconformities of subaerial origin are created by tectonic uplifts and eustatic sea level fall. Most erosional unconformities developed on sandstones are planes of increased porosity because uplifted sandstones are exposed to undersaturated CO/sub 2/-charged meteoric waters that result in dissolution of unstable framework grains and cements. The chemical weathering of sandstones is intensified in humid regions by the heavy rainfall, soil zones, lush vegetation, and accompanying voluminous production of organic and inorganic acids. Erosional unconformities are considered hydrologically open systems because of abundant supply of fresh meteoric water and relatively unrestricted transport of dissolved constituents away from the site of dissolution, causing a net gain in porosity near unconformities. Thus, porosity in sandstones tends to increase toward overlying unconformities. Such porosity trends have been observed in hydrocarbon-bearing sandstone reservoirs in Alaska, Algeria, Australia, China, Libya, Netherlands, Norwegian North Sea, Norwegian Sea, and Texas. A common attribute of these reservoirs is that they were all subaerially exposed under heavy rainfall conditions. An empirical model has been developed for the Triassic and Jurassic sandstone reservoirs in the Norwegian North Sea on the basis of the observed relationship that shows an increase in porosity in these reservoirs with increasing proximity to the overlying base of Cretaceous unconformity. An important practical attribute of this model is that it allows for the prediction of porosity in the neighboring undrilled areas by recognizing the base of Cretaceous unconformity in seismic reflection profiles and by constructing subcrop maps.

  19. Porosity prediction in sandstones using erosional unconformities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shanmugam, G.

    1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Erosional unconformities of subaerial origin are created by tectonic uplifts and eustatic sea level fall. Most erosional unconformities developed on sandstones are planes of increased porosity because uplifted sandstones are exposed to undersaturated CO/sub 2/-charged meteoric waters that result in dissolution of unstable framework grains and cements. The chemical weathering of sandstones is intensified in humid regions by heavy rainfall, lush vegetation, soil zones, and the voluminous production of inorganic and organic acids. Erosional unconformities are considered hydrologically open systems because of abundant supply of fresh meteoric water and relatively unrestricted transport of dissolved constituents away from the site of dissolution. Thus, porosity in sandstones commonly increases toward overlying unconformities. Empirical models have been developed on the basis of the observed relationship between erosional unconformities and porosity in the underlying sandstones in the North Sea (Middle Jurassic Brent Group) and in the Alaskan North Slope (Triassic Ivishak Formation). An important practical attribute of these models is that they allow for the prediction of porosity in frontier areas by recognizing erosional unconformities in seismic reflection profiles and by constructing subcrop maps for underlying sandstones. Hydrocarbon-bearing sandstone reservoirs in Alaska, Algeria, Australia, China, Libya, Netherlands, North Sea, Norwegian Sea, and Texas occur immediately beneath major erosional unconformities.

  20. Porosity prediction in sandstones using erosional unconformities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shanmugam, G.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Erosional unconformities of subaerial origin are created by tectonic uplifts and eustatic sea level fall. Most erosional unconformities developed on sandstones are planes of increased porosity because uplifted sandstones are exposed to undersaturated CO/sub 2/-charged meteoric waters that result in dissolution of unstable framework grains and cements. The chemical weathering of sandstones is intensified in humid regions by heavy rainfall, lush vegetation, soil zones, and the voluminous production of inorganic and organic acids. Erosional unconformities are considered hydrologically open systems because of abundant supply of fresh meteoric water and relatively unrestricted transport of dissolved constituents away from the site of dissolution. Thus, porosity in sandstones commonly increases toward overlying unconformities. Empirical models have been developed on the basis of the observed relationship between erosional unconformities and porosity in the underlying sandstones in the North Sea (Middle Jurassic Brent Group) and in the Alaskan North Slope (Triassic Ivishak Formation). An important practical attribute of these models is that they allow for the prediction of porosity in frontier areas by recognizing erosional unconformities in seismic reflection profiles and by constructing subcrop maps for underlying sandstones. Hydrocarbon-bearing sandstone reservoirs in Alaska, Algeria, Australia, China, Libya, Netherlands, North Sea, Norwegian Sea, and Texas occur immediately beneath major erosional unconformities.

  1. Status of exploration in the Mediterranean and future activity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Villa, C. (AGIP, Milan (Italy))

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the past ten years hydrocarbon exploration in the Mediterranean region has been carried out with a reasonably enthusiastic effort. The level of offshore drilling cannot compare to the North Sea, where the number of completed wildcats has been about three times the completions registered in the Mediterranean Sea. However, only 20% of the approximate 2.5 million km{sup 2} of the Mediterranean has water depths of less than 200 m. The remaining 80% of the area is covered by deep to mostly very deep water and today is still considered a long-range frontier target for petroleum exploration. Since the major extensions of the prospective shelves are located in Italy, Libya, Tunisia, and Spain, it is logical that most of the offshore exploration has been carried out in these countries. In particular, more than 40% of these exploratory wells have been drilled in Italian waters during the past decade. Even though a couple of significant discoveries have been found, the remaining recoverable reserves have slowly and continuously diminished. Most of the Mediterranean shelf is relatively unexplored, yet future discoveries are projected to be of minor proportions.

  2. STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES University of Massachusetts Lowell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    Macedonia-TFYR Palau Suriname Algeria Chad Guinea Madagascar Panama Syrian Arab Republic Angola China Guinea

  3. Bringing fruit, vegetaBle and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Molinari, Marc

    . certain european and Mediterranean countries include: Albania, Algeria, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina

  4. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thailand Tunisia Turkey Uganda UAE United Kingdom United States Vietnam Rep. Yemen Other [4] Total Coal &

  5. Lessons Learned from Nonproliferation Successes and Failures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Jonathan I.

    , Argentina, Brazil, South Africa, Libya, Syria) and fail- ures (USSR, France, China, India, Pakistan-off Treaty) is not verifiable without very intrusive inspections directed by accurate intel- ligence. Libya

  6. The Innovation Journal: The Public Sector Innovation Journal, 18(1), 2013, article 3. Protecting the Internet from Dictators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camp, L. Jean

    Internet communications, activists, and the state in Egypt, Syria, Libya, Uganda and northern Sudan and China.iv Yet, the scope of efforts by Egypt, Libya and Syria to shut down the Internet and cellular

  7. Reference Potential source Data type Sampling site Type of samples Number of samples Method of source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    samples for Saharan dust from Libya back trajectory analysis Kandler et al. 2009 PSA NAF-2 Illite NAF-4 Illite/kaolinite ratio Chlorite/kaolinite ratio Carbonate content Libya (here: central

  8. The UNIVERSITY of NORTH CAROLINA at CHARLOTTE An Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howitt, Ivan

    , Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor, Libya, North Korea, Somalia, Sudan, Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Libya, Vietnam, Somalia, and Sri Lanka. Please contact

  9. Revue de presse ANGLAIS Semaine du 07 au 13 mars 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rennes, Université de

    the 11 March edition (by Natalie Bennett) : Flowering protests: not just Libya, Jordan and Yemen could provide protection against natural disasters. Newsweek ­ March 07, 2011 Future ­ Libya After

  10. A dynamic concept for eastern Mediterranean circulation and oxygenation during sapropel formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohling, Eelco

    benthic presence through sapropel S1 at intermediate- deep locations offshore Libya; and further of S1. The observations of a continuous benthic presence through S1 (offshore from Libya) imply

  11. Thursday, March 26, 2009 MARS: AQUEOUS PROCESSES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    in Eastern Libya Montes, Mars: Implications for Long-Term Fluvial Activity [#1604] The Noachian highlands of Libya Montes represent one of the oldest regions on Mars that have been degraded by intensive, long

  12. FM 90-3/FMFM 7-27 Headquarters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    and Libya to the bitter cold of winter in the Gobi (East Asia). In some deserts, day-to-night temperature. Defiles play an important role, where they exist. In the Western Desert of Libya, an escarpment

  13. 29 April 2012 UN mission chief calls for Syria help

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    smuggling arms and gunmen from Lebanon, Turkey and Libya". This came a day after an editorial in a state from Libya. The ship's owner told Reuters that the vessel was bound for the northern Lebanese port city

  14. PRINT ONLY: MER: SPIRIT AND OPPORTUNITY Knoll A. H. Arvidson R. E. Bell J. F. III Clark B. C. Grotzinger J. P. Jolliff B. McLennan S. M. Squyres S. W.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    I. Greenwood R. A New CK Carbonaceous Chondrite from Hammada Al Hamra, Libya [#1899] A single stone weighing 198 g was found in 2001 in the Hammada al Hamra region of Libya. Petrographic features (mean

  15. The Saharan Metacraton Mohamed G. Abdelsalam a,*, Jean-Paul Lieegeois b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    -central part of Africa and extends in the Saharan Desert in Egypt, Libya, Sudan, Chad and Niger of the northern margin of the African continent in southern Egypt and Libya. The term ``metacraton'' refers

  16. 30 January 2012 China puts space-age seal on African role

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Libya. But Europeans, who contribute the largest part of AU project finance, appeared comprehensively in Ivory Coast and the Nato-backed rebellion in Libya split the continent, neither the South African

  17. The Design and Performance Evaluation of a Proactive Multipath Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trinder, Phil

    in Libya, and the Cultural Affairs in London, for the financial support during my study. I would like in Libya, also to my father (Allah bless his soul). ii #12;Declaration I hereby declare that the work

  18. 1647 The Meteoritical Society, 2007. Printed in USA. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 42, Nr 9, 16471694 (2007)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connolly Jr, Harold C.

    and Gullhögen (both from Sweden). AFRICA Libya Dar al Gani 1048 27°12.10N, 16°18.67E Libya Find: June 28, 2001

  19. Folia Zool. 56(4): 378388 (2007) New mitochondrial lineages within the Pipistrellus pipistrellus complex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horacek, Ivan

    . hanaki from Libya. We have detected the occurrence of P. pygmaeus s.str. in northern Iran. In the clade P (Libya). The latter one was described as separ

  20. Tuesday, March 13, 2007 POSTER SESSION I: MARS VALLEY NETWORKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    Regions and Multiple Water Release Events in Valley Networks of the Libya Montes Region on Mars [#1729] We investigate a valley network in the western Libya Montes region, which originates in a highland mountain

  1. Revue de presse ANGLAIS Semaine du 28 fvrier au 06 mars 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rennes, Université de

    Guardian Weekly Inside the 4 March edition (by Abby Deveney) : Saudis seek to avert 'day of rage' as Libya the word out from Libya (by Jim Giles and Jacob Aron) : Machine translation can take you so far

  2. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coal Products ( 0 Exports Imports Laos Lebanon Libya Liechtenstein Macau Malaysia Mauritius Mexico Mongolia (Outer) Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New

  3. Paintball Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Korea Libya Niger Peru Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Spain Sri Lanka Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine UAE United

  4. Fees are subject to change. See studyguide.au.dk *PLACE OF STUDY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An earthquake in Japan, a revolution in Libya ­ there is always a historical perspective to world events. Unlike

  5. Volunteer Day Student Voices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    of origin of our new Spring B students: Argentina Brazil Burkina Faso China Colombia France Korea Libya

  6. ByH enr T. Va G ner al ........ ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The most popular and productive method of harvesting sponges in Libya is thr ough the use of Machin~ diving

  7. CERN with ITER, by Franois of Rose THE WORLD | 03.02.04 | 14h06

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the agreement of renunciation of Libya of the nuclear weapons concluded with the Anglo-American ones and major

  8. Beyond Simple Aggregates: Indexing for Summary Queries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi, Ke "Kevin"

    # of employees #12;3-1 Reporting vs. Aggregation Date Keyword 2011.04.08 Masters 2011 2011.04.08 Libya 2011.04.07 Japan nuclear crisis 2011.04.07 Libya · · · 2011.03.11 Japan earthquake 2011.03.11 Japan tsunami 2011 2011.04.08 Libya 2011.04.07 Japan nuclear crisis 2011.04.07 Libya · · · 2011.03.11 Japan earthquake

  9. GEOPHYSICAL METHODS In 2003, a group of scientists in Swit-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podladchikov, Yuri

    with Petrobras in Brazil, Pemex in Mexico, Norsk Hydro in Libya and KOC in the Arabian Peninsula, it is evident

  10. Push in U.N. for Criticism of Syria Is Rejected By NEIL MacFARQUHAR 27 April 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    stalemate that has evolved in Libya. The stability of Syria, said the Brazilian ambassador, Maria Luiza Ribeiro Viotti, is "central to regional stability." China, which also abstained in the Libya vote, called to military action against Libya under similar circumstances just weeks ago -- appeared to evaporate. Western

  11. Original article Field-oriented trial of the Chinese Brucella suis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and goats in Libya AA Mustafa M Abusowa 1 % FAO Representative, Box 1117, Khartoum, Sudan; 2 Director of the Animal Health Department, PO Box 351, Tripoli, Libya (Received 20 April 1993; accepted 18 June 1993 is know to be prevalent in sheep and goats in Libya. Recently, evidence of association between ovine

  12. Biogeosciences, 11, 31493161, 2014 www.biogeosciences.net/11/3149/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of Libya contains up to 1.8 mM of nitrate, which ex- ceeds the World Health Organization limit for drinking, and aquifer storage. High NO- 3 concentrations of paleo-groundwater from the Hasouna area (Libya) have been-Home and Sahli, 2007). Deciphering the source of NO- 3 for Saharan groundwater in Libya is highly challenging

  13. Apidologie 40 (2009) 97105 Available online at: c INRA/DIB-AGIB/ EDP Sciences, 2009 www.apidologie.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Libya* Taher Shaibi1 , Stefan Fuchs2 , Robin F.A. Moritz1 1 Institut für Biologie, Martin population from the Holocene. Apis mellifera / morphometry / Libya / sahariensis / conservation 1 African sub- species A. m. intermissa and sahariensis in the west, Libya provides a missing link

  14. 15/10/2008 12:29Untitled Page 1 of 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohling, Eelco

    conditions reached a lot further north than previously thought, providing a wet 'corridor' through Libya, with collaborators from the universities of Southampton, Oxford, Hull and Tripoli (Libya), investigated whether on the paper said: "Space-born radar images showed fossil river channels crossing the Sahara in Libya, flowing

  15. The Unexpected end of the Qadhafi's regime Until the Arab spring, the Qadhafi's regime had overcome the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Libya up to the "global war against terrorism" and created an image of his country as a Mediterra- nean portrayed Libya as having such huge potential that it will have great influence in the future. According to Seif El Islam, «Libya will be a modern country with modern infrastruc- ture and a high GDP. Its

  16. Analysis of Country-wide Internet Outages Caused by Alberto Dainotti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    : Egypt and Libya. Our analy- sis relies on multiple sources of large-scale data already available other insights, we detected what we believe were Libya's attempts to test firewall- based blocking on February 11. Four days later, similar protests erupted in Libya, calling for an end to the Gaddafi regime

  17. BACHELOR THESIS The High Representative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vellekoop, Michel

    BACHELOR THESIS The High Representative and the Libya Crisis An Assessment Dominique Prescher 8 and the Libya Crisis 2 Table of Content 1. Summary 4 2. Introduction 4 3. Theoretical Framework 8 3.1 Neo 34 9. Bibliography 36 #12;Bachelor Thesis The High Representative and the Libya Crisis 3 List

  18. Solar Physics and Solar Eclipses Proceedings of an International Symposium held at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Libya, 27-29 March 2006 Edited by RENZO RAMELLI Istituto Ricerche Solari Locarno Locarno, Switzerland OSAMA M. SHALABIEA Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Sebha University Sebha, Libya and Faculty, Libya JAN O. STENFLO Institute of Astronomy, ETH Zurich Zurich, Switzerland #12;c 2007 by Istituto

  19. MACHINE TRANSLATION IN THE YEAR 2004 Kevin Knight and Daniel Marcu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcu, Daniel

    evaluation: insistent Wednesday may recurred her trips to Libya tomorrow for flying Cairo 6-4 ( AFP for flying" may resumed a consideration of a day Wednesday tomorrow her trips to Libya of Security Egyptair Has Tomorrow to Resume Its Flights to Libya Cairo 4-6 (AFP) - said an official at the Egyptian

  20. Stichproben. Wiener Zeitschrift fr kritische Afrikastudien Nr. 8/2005, 5. Jg. Constructions of territoriality in the Sahara

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , African migrants on their way to Libya or Europe develop a specific form of territoriality based for Libya and Europe, has massively increased. Since then, several ten thousand migrants cross the Sahara, it is difficult to quantify this secret human traffic. #12;Stichproben238 among Agadez and Libya is still

  1. Distinctive genetic signatures in the Libyan Jews Noah A. Rosenberg*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, Noah

    contained in Libya records the settlement of Jews from Egypt around 312 BCE (1, 2), and the ancient in the 6th century (1), and others may have arrived from Arabia and Syria with the Moslem conquest of Libya of North Africa, Libya did not serve as a major destination of Iberian Jews seeking refuge after their 1492

  2. Foreign Fishery Developments New Latin American

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to be delivered. Libya has announced the formation of several joint fishery ventures with Af- rican countries/58.) Taiwan and Libya have both recently forn1ed joint venture fishing companies in Latin America. Taiwan Trawling Venture Libya and Guyana have agreed to set up a $5 million joint fishing company in which Guyana

  3. Abdallah Eteleeb Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rouchka, Eric

    , The Netherlands M.S., Information Systems Development June 2005 University of Eljabel Elgharbi, Zintan, Libya B, University of Eljabel Elgharbi, Zentan, Libya Adjunct Lecturer 2007-2008 Software Development Department, Higher Institute of Comprehensive Disciplines, Jado, Libya Adjunct Lecturer 2007-2008 Medical Information

  4. An Unsupervised Approach to Recognizing Discourse Relations Daniel Marcu and Abdessamad Echihabi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcu, Daniel

    , the sentence/clause pairs below. a. Such standards would preclude arms sales to states like Libya, which, for example, infer from sentence 1.a that "can- not buy arms legally(libya)", infer from sen- tence 1.b that "can buy arms legally(rwanda)", use our background knowledge in order to infer that "similar(libya

  5. 75IEEE Network November/December 2012 0890-8044/12/$25.00 2012 IEEE n December 2010, a wave of unrest shook the Arab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shavitt, Yuval

    , Libya, Yemen, and Syria [1]. This unrest, often referred to as the Arab Spring, the Arab Awakening findings regarding the state of the Internet in Egypt, Libya, and Syria. The three countries show different tightly monitoring its citizens' access to the Internet for years, and in Libya the status is somewhere

  6. J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., vol 58, 2008, p. 45-54 On-board emission measurement of high loaded light duty vehicles in Algeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ; Nejjari et al., 2003, Atek et al., 2004). As a result, many stations of air pollution measurement and Boukadoum, 2005). Vehicle pollutant emissions constitute not only a problem of air quality in big citiesJ. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., vol 58, 2008, p. 45-54 On-board emission measurement of high loaded

  7. To be quoted as : Bennasr, A. & Verdeil, ., 2014. An `Arab Spring' for Corporatization? Tunisia's National Electricity Company (STEG). In D. MacDonald, ed. Rethinking Corporatization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    's National Electricity Company (STEG). In D. MacDonald, ed. Rethinking Corporatization: Public Utilities Company (STEG). In D. MacDonald, ed. Rethinking Corporatization: Public Utilities in the Global South

  8. PROBLEM OF THE WEEK Solution of Problem No. 11(Spring 2014 ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Gruian Cornel (Cluj-Napoca, Romania), Ghasem Esmati (Sharif Univ. of Tech), Boughami. Mohamed Hedi (Teacher, Tunisia), Chris Kennedy (Professor,...

  9. E-Print Network 3.0 - asmara district eritrea Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1, 2011) Summary: Colombia East Timor Eritrea Ethiopia Haiti Iran Iraq - Kurdish Region Ivory Coast Lebanon Libya Saudi Source: Warkentin, Ian G. - Department of Biology, Memorial...

  10. The Search for Sustainable Legitimacy: Environmental Law and Bureaucracy in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Alex

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Libya, Egypt, Syria and elsewhere have kept issues of authoritarian legitimacy at the forefront in The practices of local government stability

  11. P2JW323012-0-A01900-1--------XA AZ,EE,MW,NE,NY,SC,SW,WB,WE P2JW323012-0-A01900-1--------XA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    deterrence, to U.S. security and international stability. A nation that wishes to acquire nuclear weap administration, Libya renounced its nuclear program. In each case, these

  12. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [March 14, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1988-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: Libya, India, Pakistan, Soviet Union, Austria, Federal Republic of Germany, and Finland.

  13. Volume 131, Number 25 tech.mit.edu Friday, May 6, 2011 Oldest and Largest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mother! Send news information and tips to news@tech.mit.edu. IS SyRIA lIkE lIbyA? And does the global

  14. 23940 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 82 / Tuesday, April 29, 2014 / Notices Referrals from political organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Libya and Jordan, Tel: +20 2 2797­2298, Fax: +20 2 2797­2255, Ann.Bacher@trade.gov. Assad Barsoum

  15. OUTLINE OF DATA SOURCES, MAY 1933 LANDAREAS OCEAN AREAS SOURCES OF DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : French North Africa ERYP~ Libya Rio de Oro and Cape Juby Asia: China India and Burma Indo China A,B B

  16. Volume 131, Number 49 tech.mit.edu Tuesday, November 1, 2011 Oldest and Largest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obama got a great deal in Libya He should seek more bargains OPINION, p. 5 fRIDAy NIgHTS AT THE 'TUTE

  17. Stumbling Toward Capitalism: The State, Global Production Networks, and the Unexpected Emergence of China's Independent Auto Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Crystal Whai-ku

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brazil, Ecuador, Ghana, Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkmenistan,shares are concentrated in Kazakhstan, Sudan, Venezuela, andIraq, Kuwait, Libya and Kazakhstan (Jiang and Sinton 2011:

  18. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Yenikeyeff, Shamil (2008), Kazakhstans Gas: Export MarketsRussian Federation Libya Kazakhstan Nigeria Canada US Qatarconnecting Atasu in Northern Kazakhstan with Alashankou in

  19. E-Print Network 3.0 - african ivory nut Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cameroon... Lesotho Sierra Leone Cape Verde Liberia Somalia Central African Rep Libya South Africa Chad Source: Grant, James D.E. - Fakultt fr Mathematik, Universitt Wien...

  20. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 42, Nr 3, 413466 (2007) http://meteoritics.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connolly Jr, Harold C.

    ); moderate weathering. Type specimen: A total of 340 g is on deposit at EMRA. Libya Dar al Gani 1042 27°10.92N, 16°18.01E Dar al Gani region, Al Jufrah, Libya Find: 1999 Achondrite (lunar, feldspathic regolith

  1. Africa Aerosol Optical Depth Obtained From MISR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Thomas D.

    OpticalDepth Central African Republic Chad Djibouti Egypt Ethiopia Libya Kenya Somalia Sudan Uganda #12;Southern Africa Ethiopia Libya Kenya Somalia Sudan Uganda #12;Southern Africa 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 Mean Seasonal

  2. Overview of the 2014 ALTA Shared Task: Identifying Expressions of Locations in Tweets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the US and UK in advising their nationals in Libya to leave immediately http://bbc.in/1rVmrDJ France, Germany, US, UK, Libya Dutch investigators not going to MH17 crash site in eastern Ukraine due to security

  3. July 2011AMERICAN METEOROlOGICAl SOCIETy | 855 AFFILIATIONS: Mildrexler, Zhao, and running--Numerical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montana, University of

    place on Earth." Nine years later in El Azizia, Libya, an air temperature of 57.8°C (136°F) was recorded States to Libya. The 1922 air temperature measurement from El Azizia has never been surpassed. In reality

  4. Volume 131, Number 11 tech.mit.edu Tuesday, March 8, 2011 Oldest and Largest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    intervention in Libya is justified OPINION, p. 5 SAy NO TO SETTlEMENTS For peace, settlements in the West Bank must be addressed OPINION, p. 4 WHAT TO lEARN fROM lIbyA We need to wake up and see that it's some

  5. Tuesday, March 14, 2006 POSTER SESSION I: LUNAR BASALTIC VOLCANISM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    Africa 003-A is a 124 g new lunar meteorite (low-Ti mare basalt) found in northern Libya in the wadi Zam lithology of a new, 124 g lunar meteorite Northeast Africa 003 found in northern Libya in the wadi Zam Zam

  6. Fault localization in constraint programs Nadjib Lazaar and Arnaud Gotlieb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Lebbah Universit´e d'Oran, Lab. LITIO, 31000 Oran, Algeria Universit´e de Nice­Sophia Antipolis, I3S

  7. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Denmark, Estonia, Spain, Finland, France, Great Britain,ties Croatia Algeria Finland Sweden Latvia Czech RepublicRep. South Africa (Union of) Finland Korea Mexico Bangladesh

  8. Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in the Shaping of the Egyptian, Iranian, and Turkish Regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandil, Hazem Khaled

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Political Development in Egypt, Algeria, and Turkey.Perlmutter, Amos. 1974. Egypt: The Praetorian State. NewProlegomena). Alexandria, Egypt: Dar Ibn Khaldun. Janowitz,

  9. Geologic Carbon Dioxide Storage Field Projects Supported by DOE...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    United States and other countries including, Canada, Algeria, Norway, Australia, and Germany. The program has also been supporting a number of complementary R&D projects...

  10. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria,...

  11. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. 2 Includes Algeria,...

  12. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria,...

  13. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    of individual company data. (1) Free on Board. See Glossary. (2) Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. (3) Includes Algeria,...

  14. U.S. cuts UNESCO funding after Palestinian membership vote

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    resources." Ban said he had no further comment, although he noted "the urgency of a negotiated solution;Yes: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh

  15. Essays in Open Economy Monetary Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castro, Pedro

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Croatia Jordan Denmark Kazakhstan Dominican Republic EgyptJamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Latvia Lebanon MauritiusEgypt India Jordan Kazakhstan Pakistan Russia Tunisia

  16. Monitoring of dioxin-like, estrogenic and anti-androgenic activities in sediments of1 the Bizerta lagoon (Tunisia) by means of in vitro cell-based bioassays: contribution2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Monitoring of dioxin-like, estrogenic and anti-androgenic activities in sediments of1 the Bizerta.scitotenv.2008.05.005 #12;2 Abstract24 We used an array of in vitro cell-based bioassays to assess dioxin both35 4 and 24 h of cell exposure, dioxin-like activities were detected in all analysed samples.36

  17. Libyan oil industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waddams, F.C.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Three aspects of the growth and progress of Libya's oil industry since the first crude oil discovery in 1961 are: (1) relations between the Libyan government and the concessionary oil companies; (2) the impact of Libyan oil and events in Libya on the petroleum markets of Europe and the world; and (3) the response of the Libyan economy to the development of its oil industry. The historical review begins with Libya's becoming a sovereign nation in 1951 and traces its subsequent development into a position as a leading world oil producer. 54 references, 10 figures, 55 tables.

  18. Serge Marlet et Pierre Ruelle (diteurs scientifiques), 2002. Vers une matrise des impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    increasingly serious water shortage problems. According to forecasts, increased domestic and industrial water, IRD, Cdrom du CIRAD. Water reuse in Tunisia: stakes and prospects Akissa BAHRI* * National Institute for Research on Agricultural Engineering, Water and Forestry, BP 10, Ariana 2080, Tunisia Abstract Water reuse

  19. Original article Breeding evaluation of arab horses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Original article Breeding evaluation of arab horses from their racing results in Tunisia by a BLUP was to estimate the breeding value of Arab horses in Tunisia. Racing results (36203) were available corresponding to 2432 horses issued from 811 dams and 218 sires registered in the Tunisian stud book and in the races

  20. E-Print Network 3.0 - apulia southern italy Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ionian Basin R. Catalano,1 Summary: , bordered by southern Italy to the west and north, Greece to the east, and offshore Libya to the south... analysis of fault-controlled...

  1. Cultural Heritage in the Crosshairs: Protecting Cultural Property during Conflict provides case studies of Cultural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Protection. Dr. Kila, has undertaken cultural rescue missions in Iraq, Macedonia, Egypt and Libya: The Case of Iraq" by B. Isakhan Chapter 12: "A Report on Archaeological Site Stability and Security

  2. Letters to ESEX High resolution transmission electron microscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorn, Ron

    ), in south-eastern Libya (Haber- land, 1975), on gibbers (Jessup, 1960) and bedrock faces in Australia (Tratebas et al., 2004), and stone monuments (Paradise, 2005) and can act as an agent of rock art stability

  3. Published: 21 May 2012 Egyptians Are Still Marching forward toward

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    . Unlike in nearby Syria or earlier in Libya, the Egyptian Army has, in my view, taken the high road-rich society have, in despair, yearned for the old stability. True, there are chaotic symptoms

  4. ERASURE OF FIRST-ORDER TRIBUTARIES VIA CLIMATE CHANGE: LESSONS FOR MARS FROM EARTH. Ted A. Maxwell, J.A. Grant, B.A. Campbell, R. Irwin III, M. Bourke and A. Johnston, Center for Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bourke, Mary C.

    infilling, landscape lowering and stabilization by development of a lag surface, and planation due to sand and Libya, and on the limestone plateau that separates the western Desert of Egypt with the Nile valley

  5. Possible energy effects of a US ban on Libyan oil imports

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peach, J.D.

    1982-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Under current slack market conditions, a ban on trade with Libya is not likely to have a major impact on US oil supplies or prices. Current US oil imports from Libya are small, and oil is readily available from other sources. Libya could experience a temporary loss of oil revenues until it found new customers. Tight market conditions - unlikely in 1982 - would maximize the potential adverse effects on the United States and minimize those on Libya. US oil companies - both those producing and refining Libyan oil - are more likely to feel the adverse effects of a trade ban than the United States as a whole. Although a ban would probably prevent direct imports of Libyan oil from entering the United States, some Libyan oil could still enter the country as products refined elsewhere.

  6. Director, Smalley Nano & Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    & Gas 14 World Oil Reserves Top Ten Owner Companies Venezuela 10% Abu Dhabi 7% Mexico 6% Libya 3 World Oil Reserves: Appro of Dallas Board of Councilors December 7, 1995 #12;#12;Oil will become scarce, and then gas

  7. China's policy towards US adversaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swartz, Peter Goodings

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    If the Chinese government is trying to reassure the US that China's rise is not threatening, why does China diplomatically support adversaries of the US such as Iran, Sudan, Libya, and Syria? This thesis shows that soft ...

  8. Control Policy--CCL Based Controls Part 742-page 1 Export Administration Regulations October 1, 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Daniel

    , Iraq, Iran, and the Bosnian Serb- controlled areas of Bosnia-Herzegovina This part does not cover (Cuba, Libya, Iraq, Iran and the Bosnian-Serb controlled areas of Bosnia

  9. U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial Co-Chairs' Summary from Energy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Republic of the Gambia, the Republic of Ghana, the Republic of Guinea, the Republic of Kenya, the Kingdom of Lesotho, the Republic of Liberia, Libya, the Republic of Malawi, the...

  10. Opportunities exist for the diversion of weapons-usable material at the front end of the fuel cycle, during which

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    , North Korea, Pakistan, and South Africa. (South Africa abandoned its nuclear weapons in 1991. Libya of setting up its own enrichment or spent-fuel treat- ment facilities is enormous. Countries with a new

  11. 2011 Korean Government Scholarship Program Guideline for International Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auckland, University of

    Taipei, Belgium, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Mexico, China, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Philippines, Vietnam 1 23 Algeria, Azerbaijan, Ghana, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, Uzbekistan 1 43

  12. Analysis of density effect in probabilistic flooding in MANETs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bani Yassein, M.

    Bani Yassein,M. Ould-Khaoua,M. Papanastasiou,S. Al- Ayyoub,A. Proc. Int. Arab Conference on Information Technology (ACIT??04), Mentouri University of Constantine, Algeria, December 12th-15th, 2004, to appear

  13. Il mondo visto da sud e La prima volta. Una conversazione con Franco Cassano

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lollini, Massimo

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sono due facce di una sola esperienza. Quello che Algeria compare una volta sola, di sfuggita, in tutto iliscrive tutta la filosofia in una sola origine e in un solo

  14. ElEmEnts , Vol. 4, pp. 325331 OctOber 2008325 1811-5209/08/0004-0325$2.50 DOI: 10.2113/gselements.4.5.325

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiners, Peter W.

    expected from efficiency improvements and large-scale deployment of renewable energy resources (IPCC 2005 have started, one in Canada and another in Algeria, and today over 20 million tons (Mt) CO2 have been

  15. Table 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    OPEC Algeria Canada Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC a Total OPEC b 1978 ... 14.93 14.41 14.65...

  16. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    OPEC Algeria Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC b Total OPEC c 1978 ... 14.12 13.61 13.24 14.05...

  17. Never Stand Still Global Education and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New South Wales, University of

    for departure 20 On your return 21 Other Global Education Options 23 How to apply 24 Resources 24 Quick links 25. Belarus Bangladesh Azerb. Austria A u s t r a l i a Armenia Angola Algeria Albania Afghanistan Western

  18. www.princeton.edu/admission Profile 201112

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowley, Clarence W.

    to identifying students who possess the academic ability, energy, enthusiasm, and ambition to take full advantage,189 Application Volume and Admission Rates 5-Year History Albania Algeria Australia Bolivia Botswana Brazil

  19. Introduction TheNorthAfricanFireSalamander,Salamandraalgira,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carranza, Salvador

    . algira for Tunisia, which has been repeated or ignored by subsequent authors (Thiesmeier, 2004; Donaire-Barroso Bogaerts1* , David Donaire-Barroso2 , Frank Pasmans3 , Salvador Carranza4 and Wolfgang Böhme5 1 Lupinelaan

  20. The Relationship of Student Dispositions and Teacher Characteristics with the Mathematics Achievement of Students in Lebanon and Six Arab Countries in TIMSS 2007.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younes, Rayya

    2013-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    . The second study examines the mathematics performance in TIMSS 2007 of 8th grade students in seven Arab countries: Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Tunisia. The effects of positive affect towards mathematics, valuing mathematics, self...

  1. Annual report 2007 + Polynesian sea slug.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,Tunisia (INAT), agro-climatology Pascale Delécluse, research director, CNRS, oceanography Stéphane Doumbe of Public Works, engineering, evaluations Jean-Luc Redelsperger, research director, CNRS, climatology Sergio

  2. The IRD's decision bodies Participation in scientific partnerships

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrand, economics Netij Ben Mechlia, faculty member, national institute of Agronomy, Tunisia (INAT), agro-climatology, evaluations Jean-Luc Redelsperger, research director, CNRS, climatology Sergio Revah, faculty member

  3. A n n u a l r e p o r t 2 0 0 5 Structure of the IRD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Tunisia (INAT), agro-climatology Pascale Delécluse Research Director, CNRS, oceanography Stéphane Doumbe of the Public Works Dept., engineering, evaluations Jean-Luc Redelsperger Research Director, CNRS, climatology

  4. Beta-hypergeometric probability distribution on symmetric matrices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Beta-hypergeometric probability distribution on symmetric matrices A. Hassairi , M. Masmoudi, O. Regaig Sfax University Tunisia. Running title: Beta-hypergeometric distribution Abstract : Some remarkable properties of the beta distribution are based on relations in- volving independence between beta

  5. BY CLASSES, SEPTEMBER 2012 Graduate Students 56. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    Turkmenistan 1 Uganda 2 Ukraine 1 United Arab Emirates 2 United Kingdom 5 Uzbekistan 1 Viet Nam 4 Yemen 3 Switzerland 1 Syrian Arab Republic 1 Taiwan 2 Tanzania, United Republic of 2 Thailand 2 Tunisia 1 Turkey 4

  6. Challenges and opportunities in the Tunisian private equity sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gharbi, Moez, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most of the studies and research analyzing the private equity ("PE") sector in the Middle East North Africa ("MENA") region tend to focus more on the Middle East and less on North Africa. The case of Tunisia is probably ...

  7. GREENING YOUR BUSINESS

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    * 2 Spain * 2 United Kingdom * 2 Tunisia * 1 Belgium * 1 Chile * 1 Colombia * 1 Argentina * 1 Fiji * 1 Israel * 1 Indonesia * 1 St. Lucia * 1 France * 1 Philippines * 1...

  8. E-Print Network 3.0 - africa show lifesaving Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Biotechnology 14 QUICK FACTS Per minute,a woman dies of pregnancy & childbirth Summary: ,Thailand and Tunisia. Train mid-level health officers to provide life-saving emergency...

  9. The first year of the new century marked a new start for the Institut de Recherche pour le Dveloppement. The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    or Nouma, and combines all our concerns and energies. It contributes to team work and the emer- gence Martinique Carribean French Guiana Brazil Peru Chile Bolivia Tunisia EgyptSenzgal Mali Niger Burk

  10. Volume 90 / Number 75 / Tuesday, April 17, 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Japan 2012 LNG demand for power seen flat from 2011 3 Japan hikes oil imports from Libya, Africa 4 in energy imports last year, led by diesel, fuel oil and gas. The fingers were pointed hardest at YPF of diesel and gasoline sales. The government intends to turn things around with the takeover. (continued

  11. U.S. NAVYPROGRAM GUIDE 2014 The U.S. Navy and Marine Corps team is the world's preeminent maritime force

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    global stability that underpins our country's economic vitality, and building trust and confidence with provocative North Korean actions. We patrolled off the shores of Syria,Libya,Egypt,Somalia,and Sudan aircraft carriers in the North Arabian Sea into Afghanistan, and arrayed our forces to enhance stability

  12. Seismic Evidence for Water Deep in Earth's Upper Mantle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Lee, Suzan

    into wadsleyite rather than oli- vine, it stabilizes wadsleyite over a wider range of pressures and temperatures perovskite, thereby extending its stability phase (8). Moreover, recent studies indicate that the phase and Libya (18). Subduction was ubiquitous after 80 Ma. At present, active subduction zones are found

  13. 1988 saw major efforts to spur foreign interest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bell, G.D. (Gustavson Associates, Inc., Boulder, CO (USA))

    1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article discusses how Africa's large producers are offering incentives to attract exploration. Egypt is pushing new gas development, while Nigeria announced reduced taxes to lure foreign operators. Gabon has rejuvenated its production with discovery of a large new oil field. Libya is offering liberal concession terms, though the status of U.S. firms is uncertain.

  14. Potential curbed by lack of funds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gustavson

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The author reviews the oil market in Africa. Some of the highlights are: Nigeria restructures NNPC to make it competitive, offers new terms; Libya redraws its concession terms in hopes of attracting more operators; New onshore finds may keep Gabon from becoming a producer in decline; and South Arica has struck what may be commercial oil south of Mossel Bay.

  15. Efforts to spur foreign interest are paying off

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that new incentives implemented by the continent's major producers succeeded in attracting outside capital. Examples are the record number of new PSCs signed by Egypt last year, the $470 million committed for Algerian exploration and the speedy replacement of U.S. firms by Europeans in Libya.

  16. Paintball Summer Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Highlights · Paintball · Summer Weather · Birthdays · Manners TheELIWeekly Paintball! Come out France Iraq Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Netherlands Niger Peru Qatar Saudi Arabia Spain Taiwan Thailand Turkey United States Venezuela Summer Weather Safety We've come to realize in the past that not all

  17. Mind Meld Issue 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    disaster in Chernoble, the attack on Libya and, of course, the Challenger explosion. The explosion of the Challenger touched me very deeply ??? somewhat akin to when John F. Kennedy was assassinated. So, rather than looking back, I'm hoping that the 20...

  18. Holocene freshwater carbonate structures in the hyper-arid Gebel Uweinat region of the Sahara Desert (Southwestern Egypt) q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Desert (Southwestern Egypt) q Margarita M. Marinova a,b , A. Nele Meckler c , Christopher P. McKay b region of the Sahara Desert, near the triple border of Egypt, Sudan, and Libya (N22°, E25°), re- ceives- ibrated years BP; Wendorf and expedition, 1977). While some parts of southwest Egypt have been extensively

  19. Published: 25 April 2011 Fund Egypt's Future to Save the Arab Uprising

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    1 Published: 25 April 2011 Fund Egypt's Future to Save the Arab Uprising Op-Ed by Ahmed H. Zewail. The Egyptians brought down the head of the system, but not the system itself. That is the challenge now. Egypt between them, Egypt is united. In contrast, the second model for revolutions is that of Yemen, Libya

  20. The Graduate School. The Graduate School encompasses the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yi

    -technical systems related to sustainable energy technologies. We also encourage proposals for research by design. Our current students come from all around the world - China, Mexico, Canada, Nigeria, Libya, Egypt and the thermal environment, sustainability and structures, practices and politics of architecture, design

  1. Petrochemical industry in the Middle East: current status, uncertainties, global impact

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The situation and perspective of the petrochemical industry in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, IR Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, the UAE, SP Libyan AJ, Algeria, and Egypt are reviewed. Special attention is given to the budgetary constraints, foreign partners, the costs, the markets, and the impact of falling oil prices.

  2. SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF LNG 1914 First (U.S.) patent awarded for LNG handling/shipping.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /shipping. 1917 First commercial natural gas liquefaction plant built in West Virginia. 1944 At an LNG peak storage facility. #12;1999 LNG liquefaction plant opens in Trinidad and Tobago. First LNG shipment from Pelican. Explosions and fire destroy a portion of the LNG liquefaction plant in Skikda, Algeria, killing

  3. What's Driving Oil Prices? James L. Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Issues in Energy Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas November 2, 2006 The Price of OPEC Oil ($/bbl) $0 $20 $40;8 DIFFERENCES AMONG OPEC MEMBERS Proved Oil Crude Oil Reserves to GDP Reserves Production Production Ratio Member $ per capita bbl per capita bbl per capita years Algeria 3,113 373 15 25 Indonesia 1,290 20 2 11

  4. Contribution of Saharan dust on radionuclide aerosol activity levels in Europe? The 2122 February 2004 case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menut, Laurent

    French nuclear weapon test sites in Algeria, where the ``Gerboise'' experiments took place. For black'' sites, where former French nuclear tests in the 1960s were performed. With the model in scenario mode global weapons tests [Aoyama et al., 2006]. [3] The identification of sources may be complex because

  5. Mass-transport deposits on the Algerian margin (Algiers area): morphology, lithology and sedimentary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Abstract: On 21st May 2003, a damaging earthquake of Mw: 6.9 struck the region of Boumerdès 40 km east. Keywords: Algeria, mass-transport deposit, morphology, triggering mechanism. 1. Introduction The Algerian-25Mar2010 Author manuscript, published in "4th International Symposium, Austin : United States (2009

  6. A fossil primate of uncertain affinities from the earliest late Eocene of Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Doug M.

    A fossil primate of uncertain affinities from the earliest late Eocene of Egypt Erik R. Seifferta,1- mate from the earliest late Eocene (37 Ma) of northern Egypt, Nos- mipsaenigmaticus, whosephylogenetic of fossil primates from the Eocene of Algeria (1) and Egypt (2­4), Africa's role in the early evolution

  7. JONNY RUTQVIST, PH.D. Earth Sciences Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ajo-Franklin, Jonathan

    ), Yucca Mountain, Nevada (1997-Present). A high temperature (above water boiling) heater test conducted CO2 storage site, Algeria (2007-present). · Coupled THM analysis of induced seismicity at The Geysers, Switzerland (1997-2003). A large-scale heater test in a bentonite-buffer and rock system. · Kamaishi Mine

  8. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 12531262, 2009 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/1253/2009/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    , Germany 3Now at Faculty of Chemistry, University of Sciences and Technology Houari Boumediene, U.S.T.H.B., Algiers, Algeria 4IPSL/LSCE, CEA Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France 5Ifm GEOMAR, Kiel, Germany 6Department (CCN) concentrations in the relatively clean marine environment (O'Dowd et al., 1999). Knowledge

  9. An Improved Sensorless DTC Scheme for EV Induction Motors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    to emissions from the internal combustion engine (ICE) driven vehicles. EVs are already commercially available is also with the Electrical Engineering Department, Polytechnic Military Academy, 16111 Algiers, Algeria and A. Kheloui are with the Electrical Engineering Department, Polytechnic Military Academy, 16111

  10. Am. J.Trop. Med. Hyg., 81(6), 2009, pp. 10041006 doi:10.4269/ajtmh.2009.09-0285

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -Time Polymerase Chain Reaction to Follow-Up of Visceral Leishmaniasis Patients Treated with Meglumine Antimoniate with visceral leishmaniasis in Tunisia were treated with meglumine antimoniate and followed-up for clinical improvement and blood parasite load determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR

  11. Am. J.Trop. Med. Hyg., 00(0), 2009, pp. 000000 doi:10.4269/ajtmh.2009.09-0285

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -Time Polymerae Chain Reaction to Follow-Up of Visceral Leishmaniasis Patients Treated with Meglumine Antimoniate with visceral leishmaniasis in Tunisia were treated with meglumine antimoniate and followed-up for clinical improvement and blood parasite load determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR

  12. 137Agron. Sustain. Dev. 25 (2005) 137143 INRA, EDP Sciences, 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    % in the wastewater treatment (19­24%) and 30% in the tap water treatment (26­31%) of the 15 N fertilizer applied were en Génie Rural, Eaux et Forêts, Laboratoire de Physiologie Végétale, BP 10, 2080 Ariana, Tunisia c; accepted 4 November 2004) Abstract ­ Wastewaters are increasingly used for irrigation of cropping systems

  13. BEHAVIOR CANOLA (BRASSICA NAPUS) FOLLOWING A SEWAGE SLUDGE TREATMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    . INTRODUCTION In Tunisia, the amount of sludge produced by wastewater treatment stations is constantly waste water treatment stations, in other words, most of it is wastewater from domestic sources. The second type is obtained from the treatment of industrial wastewater or partly from industrial wastewater

  14. FAST BOOTSTRAPPING OF LVCSR SYSTEMS WITH MULTILINGUAL PHONEME SETS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    languages as Chinese, Croatian, and Turkish. 1. INTRODUCTION As the demand for speech recognition Arabic (Tunisia), Chinese (Mandarin), Croatian (Cro atia and Bosnia), Japanese, Korean, Portuguese (Bra 28 Chinese 132 40 125K 4K Croatian 85 18 89K 17K Japanese 121 41 182K 21K Korean 70 32

  15. An Optimal Joint Scheduling and Drop Policy for Delay Tolerant Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Sciences (ENSI), Tunisia Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zurich, Switzerland Emails: {Amir to limit replication or otherwise clear useless messages in various ways, for example: (i) using past meeting information [8]; (ii) removing useless messages using acknowledgments of delivered data [9

  16. IRO INTERNAL MANAGEMENT Funded by the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Management OGPI approach Information and Management Systems #12; The analysis will be focus "tools" that improve the quality of the costs management: The Economic Management Tool (IntranetIRO INTERNAL MANAGEMENT - UA - Funded by the European Union 3rd Workshop: IROs Models Tunisia, 30

  17. Risk Factors and Characteristics of Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus Isolated from Commercial Poultry in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Poultry in Tunisia Wafa Tombari1 , Mathilde Paul2,3 , Jihene Bettaieb4 , Imen Larbi1 , Jihene Nsiri1 the seroprevalence of influenza A virus in various commercial poultry farms and evaluate specific risk factors vaccination of all poultry flocks with continuous monitoring of poultry stations may ensure reduction of AIV

  18. Principles of petroleum legislation: The case of a developing country

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Qasem, A.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book analyses the development of Petroleum Law in Libya, which enacted legislation over a period of years to cover all aspects of exploration and exploitation of Libya's oil. It gives an account of the stages through which the legislation passed and surveys the practical issues which influenced its development. Contents include: Part 1 General Provisions: 1 Ownership of Petroleum; 2 Administration; 3 Petroleum Zones; 4 Eligibility. Part 2 Exploration Permits: 5 Permits under the Minerals Law and; under the Petroleum Law. Part 3 The Concession: 6 Application and Grant; 7 Working Obligations; 8 Rights under Concessions; 9 Surrender, Assignment, and Termination; 10 Settlement of Disputes. Part 4 Financial Provisions: 11 Fees and Surface Rents; 12 The Royalty; 13 Taxation; 14 Posted Price; 15 Income; 16 Profits; 17 Payment and Measurement of Petroleum; Part 5 Libyanisation of the Industry: 18 Process of Libyanisation.

  19. The North Korean missile program: How advanced is it?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wright, D.; Kadyshev, T.

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For the past three years there have been increasing numbers of reports that North Korea is developing a 1,000-1,300-kilometer range missile generally referred to as the NoDongg-1. Pyongyang`s missile program has generated international concern because of North Korea`s potential nuclear capabilities, its proximity to South Korea and Japan and its reported missile sales to Iran, Syria and Libya. In June 1993, Japanese and South Korean wire services reported that North Korea had test fired several missiles into the Sea of Japan in late May, at least two of which were though to be NoDong-1 missiles. A missile with a 1,300-kilometer range would give North Korea the capability to reach all of Japan, and give Iran and Libya the capability to reach all of Israel.

  20. The cost effectiveness of geotechnical investigations in commercial building construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Temple, Merdith Wyndham Bolling

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (83). The failure of an earth dam at Benghazi, Libya in December, 1977 provides another ii lustation of the extent of this problem. Water infiltration of a clay core caused this disaster. As stated by one of the failure's investigators, "remedial... has caused expensive foundation remedial measures to insure the stability of the building. 29 SAVINGS ON NAJOR PROJECTS Although it, seems clear that failure to conduct good soils studies often results in costs far exceeding any hopeful "savings...

  1. Chad: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on Mango 1, which is an exploration well started in September 1990 on a block adjacent to Lake Chad by Esso, Chevron and Shell was suspended after the coup in that nation's capital later in the year. The small Sedigi oil field, discovered in the 70s, will be developed with a pipeline to a 3,000-bpd refinery. Improved relations with Libya and future internal stability may further open the door to exploration.

  2. JPRS report proliferation issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1991-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains foreign media information on issues related to worldwide proliferation and transfer activities in nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, including delivery systems and the transfer of weapons relevant technologies. The following locations are included: (1) South Africa, Namibia; (2) China; (3) South Korea, Australia, Indonesia, Japan, Philippines; (4) Yugoslavia; (5) Brazil, Argentina, Cuba; (6) India, Libya, Pakistan; (7) Soviet Union; and (8) France, Germany, Netherlands.

  3. JPRS report proliferation issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1991-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains foreign media information on issues related to worldwide proliferation and transfer activities in nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, including delivery systems and the transfer of weapons relevant technologies. The following locations are included: (1) South Africa; (2) China; (3) North and South Korea, Japan; (4) Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia; (5) Argentina, Brazil; (6) India, Iran, Israel, Pakistan, Libya, Iraq, Egypt; (7) Soviet Union; and (8) Belgium, Germany, United Kingdom, Netherlands, France.

  4. A Preliminary Look at the Crust and Upper Mantle of North Africa Using Libyan Seismic Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pasyanos, M

    2005-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, LLNL has been developing methods to jointly invert both surface wave dispersion data and teleseismic receiver functions. The technique holds great promise in accurately estimating seismic structure, including important tectonic parameters such as basin thickness, crustal thickness, upper mantle velocity, etc. We proposed applying this method to some recently available data from several Libyan stations, as we believe the technique has not been applied to any stations in Libya. The technique holds the promise of improving our understanding of the crust and upper mantle in Libya and North Africa. We recently requested seismic data from stations GHAR (Gharyan) and MARJ (Al Marj) in Libya for about 20 events. The events were large events at regional distances suitable for making dispersion measurements. An example of waveforms recorded at the two stations from an earthquake in Italy is shown in Figure 1. The paths traverse the Ionian Sea. Notice the slow short period group velocities of the surface waves across the Mediterranean, particularly to the easternmost station MARJ. However, because of data availability, signal-to-noise ratio, etc. we were unable to make measurements for every one of these events at both stations. Figure 2 shows a map of paths for 20 sec Rayleigh waves in the eastern Mediterranean region. Paths measured at the two Libyan stations are shown in green. Rayleigh wave dispersion measurements at 20 sec period are sensitive to velocities in the upper 20 km or so, and reveal sediment thickness, crustal velocity, and crustal thickness. Tomographic inversions reveal the sharp group velocity contrast between regions with deep sedimentary basins and those without. Figure 3, the result of an inversion made before adding the new dispersion measurements, shows slow group velocities in the Black Sea, Adriatic Sea, and Eastern Mediterranean. In general, these features correspond well with the sediment thickness model from Laske, shown in Figure 4. Details in and around the Sirt (Sirte) Basin in northern Libya, however, are poorly defined.

  5. Search for possible solar neutrino radiative decays during total solar eclipses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Cecchini; D. Centomo; G. Giacomelli; R. Giacomelli; V. Popa

    2006-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Total solar eclipses (TSEs) offer a good opportunity to look for photons produced in possible radiative decays of solar neutrinos. In this paper we briefly review the physics bases of such searches as well as the existing limits on the neutrino proper lifetimes obtained by such experiments. We the report on the observations performed in occasion of the 29 March 2006 TSE, from Waw an Namos, Libya.

  6. Command and Control in the Iraqi Insurgency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atkinson, Dwain; Collins, Matthew; Colmenares, Monica; McBane, Carla; Ritter, Kyle; Welling, Glen

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of three critical facets: urban-based, Muslim-centered, or multi-factious. The urban setting of the Iraqi insurgency makes it comparable to the Algerian and Irish Republican Army insurgencies. In these cases, the high population density and built... likely capitalized on each of these distinctly urban advantages to shape and improve its C3 system. The Muslim identity of the Iraqi insurgents parallels the religious beliefs and culture of the insurgents in Afghanistan, Kashmir, and Algeria...

  7. The Global Impact of the Systemic Economies and MENA Business Cycles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cashin, Paul; Mohaddes, Kamiar; Raissi, Mehdi

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, and Spain. The time series data for the GCC block and the Euro Area block are constructed as cross-sectionally weighted averages of the domestic variables (described in detail below), using Purchasing Power... Systemic Countries Other Oil Exporters Algeria#3; China Canada GCC Countries Euro Area Ecuador#3; Bahrain#3; Austria Indonesia Kuwait#3; Belgium Mexico Oman#3; Finland Nigeria#3; Qatar#3; France Norway Saudi Arabia Germany Venezuela#3; UAE#3; Italy Iran#3...

  8. Effects of Local Adaptation of Invasion Success: A Case Study of Rhithropanopeus harrisii

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyle, Terrence Michael

    2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    , Europe (including the Adriatic Sea, Baltic Sea, Belgium, Britain, Bulgaria, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Lithuania, Mediterranean Sea, Netherlands, North Sea, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, and the Ukraine), Africa (Tunisia) and Asia....E. Atlantic 1991 Europe Italy Adriatic Sea 1994 Europe Belgium North Sea 1994 Europe England N.E. Atlantic 1996 Europe Lithuania Baltic Sea 2000 Europe France Mediterranean 2000 Europe Finland Baltic Sea 2008 North America United States San Francisco...

  9. Tuolumne County, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,LtdInformationTulsa, Oklahoma: EnergyTunisia:

  10. Essays on Forecasting and Hedging Models in the Oil Market and Causality Analysis in the Korean Stock Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Hankyeung

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    (Angola), Oriente (Ecuador), Iran Heavy (Islamic Republic of Iran), Basra Light (Iraq), Kuwait Export (Kuwait), Es Sider (Libya), Bonny Light (Nigeria), Qatar Marine (Qatar), Arab Light (Saudi Arabia), Murban (UAE) and Merey (Venezuela). OPEC collects...-1 and 5-3-2, may also be utilized for crack spread margins. Especially, the 2-1-1 crack spread, signifying that two barrels of crude yield a barrel each of gasoline and heating oil, is a better description of the case of heavy crude oils like OPEC basket...

  11. Hugo Chvez and The Impact of Socialismo del Siglo XXI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leist, Derek 1990-

    2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    ) and Partido Social Cristiano de Venezuela (COPEI), the role of petroleum funds and pacts in stabilizing the democratic regime, and the reasons why those established parties lost voter support.2 Yet, an understanding of Venezuela?s history and the events... of international partnerships with countries such as Russia, China, Iran, and Libya18 and dedication of show time to La Alternativa Bolivariana para los pueblos de Am?rica (ALBA)19 as an alternative to the western backed Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA...

  12. The development of early terrestrial ecosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selden, Paul A.; Edwards, Dianne

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ,575-599. Burgess, N.D. & Edwards, D. (1991). Classification of uppermost Ordovician to Lower Devonian tubular and filamentous macerals from the Anglo-Welsh Basin. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 106,41-66. Campbell, S.E. (1979). Soil stabilization...., Massa, D. & Boucot A J . (1982). Caradocian land plant microfossils from Libya. Geology 10.197-201. Gray, J., Theron, J.N. & Boucot, A J . (1986). Age of the Cedarberg Formation, South Africa and early land plant evolution. Geological Magazine 123...

  13. Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapp, D.H. [International Energy Agency, Paris (France)

    1995-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

  14. Transient analysis for the tajoura critical facility with IRT-2M HEU fuel and IRT-4M leu fuel : ANL independent verification results.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garner, P. L.; Hanan, N. A.

    2005-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Calculations have been performed for postulated transients in the Critical Facility at the Tajoura Nuclear Research Center (TNRC) in Libya. These calculations have been performed at the request of staff of the Renewable Energy and Water Desalinization Research Center (REWDRC) who are performing similar calculations. The transients considered were established during a working meeting between ANL and REWDRC staff on October 1-2, 2005 and subsequent email correspondence. Calculations were performed for the current high-enriched uranium (HEU) core and the proposed low-enriched uranium (LEU) core. These calculations have been performed independently from those being performed by REWDRC and serve as one step in the verification process.

  15. Tibetan Medicine Compared with Ancient and Mediaeval Western Medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winder, Marianne

    . : 'An these people of Libya from Egypt to Lake Tritonis are nomads who live on meat and milk. Cow's flesh they will not tast~, for the same reason as the Egyptians, nor will they keep pigs. Even the women of Cyrene think it wrong to eat cows, because... to the prevalence of tbe qualities 'bot' and 'cold', the power in it (in a subs tance) is taught to be twofold, namely, 'heating or cooling' Wbile there is an occasional mention of tbis kind in Sanskrit medical works, tbe division of diseases and remedies...

  16. Determination of capillary displacement pressure and representative average capillary pressure vs. depth in shally sandstones from well logs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barlai, Z.; Berruin, N.A.; Mawla, R.A.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research presents a method whereby the capillary displacement pressure Pcd and the representative average capillary pressure in shaly sandstone reservoirs exhibits continuous information vs. depth from well logs. By the aid of special core analysis, correlation functions were obtained that relate the capillary characteristics of the reservoir rock to its lithologic development. Since the lithologic influence factor is a well log-derived parameter the correlations then were used to determine by means of well logs the capillary displacement and average capillary pressures for borehole sections where special core analysis is not available. This technique has been developed and applied to the shaly sandstone reservoir of the Sarir oil field in Libya.

  17. Maps of crude oil futures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Masters, C.D.

    1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Crude Oil Futures presentation shows their concept of the quantity of oil possibly present (the combination of conventional demonstrated reserves plus undiscovered recoverable resources) within the areas outlined. The Crude Oil Futures is not as an exploration map but as a perspective on the distribution of world oil. The occurrence of oil is, after all, a function of particular geologic factors that are not everywhere present. Furthermore, large amounts of oil can occur only where the several necessary independent variables (geologic factors) combine optimally. In the Western Hemisphere, similar minimal crude oil futures are shown for North America and South America. This similarity is a reflection not of similar geology but rather of the fact that most of the oil has already been produced from North America, whereas South America as a whole (except for Venezuela) possesses a geology less likely to produce oil. In Europe, Africa, and Asia, four regions are dominant: the Middle East, Libya, North Sea, and west Siberia. Paleogeography and source rock distribution were keys to this distribution - the Middle East and Libya reflecting the Tethyan association, and the North Sea and west Siberia benefitting from the Late Jurassic marine transgression into geographic environments where ocean circulation was restricted by tectonic events.

  18. Cyrenaican platform: structure, stratigraphy, and exploration play concepts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ross, C.M.; Zegaar, M.N.

    1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The structural and stratigraphic history of the Cyrenaican platform of eastern Libya is closely related to that of both the Sirte basin and the Western Desert of Egypt. At the end of the Paleozoic Hercynian orogeny, this area comprised the eastern end of the Sirte arch, the precursor of the Sirte basin. When the arch collapsed in the mid-Cretaceous, initiating the Sirte basin, the Cyrenaican area remained relatively high. A northwest-southeast trending high, the Gabboub arch, formed on the platform in the early Mesozoic, dividing the region into three areas: the high itself, a deep on the southwestern flank related to the Sirte basin, and a deep on the northeastern flank, which plunges into the offshore and appears to relate to the downwarped offshore area of the Western Desert of Egypt. Sediments of every age, except Triassic, are found in Cyrenaica. Paleozoic sediments are composed primarily of quartzitic sandstones and shales with lesser amounts of limestone, dolomites, and anhydrites. Mesozoic sediments are a mixture of clastics and carbonates. Cenozoic sediments are predominantly limestones, dolomites, and anhydrites with some sandstones and shales. Environments of deposition range from continental to deep marine. The Cyrenaican area has not been heavily explored and, until recently, no commercial hydrocarbons were found. Drilling on surface structures of some of the first wells in Libya resulted in one Devonian gas well. A reported 5600 BOPD Cretaceous discovery offshore Benghazi in mid-1984 demonstrates that hydrocarbon potential exists where thick sediments have been preserved.

  19. Agricultural development in a petroleum-based economy: the Libyan case

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El-Faedy, M.A.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to identify major factors explaining variations in agricultural development in an agricultural settlement in Libya. The study differs from previous research because it dealt with a capital-surplus country with low-population density. In addition, most studies reported earlier were cross-sectional. This study also had access to longitudinal data. Results indicated that age and personal adjustment are the only two variables that have statistically significant effects on farm productivity. The effects of education, household size, and of the adoption of innovations were low and insignificant. Moreover, the overall fit of the model was not satisfactory. In order to improve the predictions, a new model was suggested which included utilization of technology, farm resources, family assistance, farmer's age, and level of education. The results from this revised model indicated that in addition to age, utilization of technology and farm resources also have positive and statistically significant effects on productivity. The implications of these findings are discussed within the context of Libya being a capital-surplus country without having population problems.

  20. Reproductive, morphological, and phytochemical responses of Arabidopsis thaliana ecotypes to enhanced UV-B radiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trumbull, V.L.; McCloud, E.S.; Paige, K.N. (Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States))

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two ecotypes of Arabidopsis thaliana, collected from Libya and Norway, were grown in the greenhouse under. UV-B doses of 0 and 10.5 kJ m[sup [minus]2] UV-B[sub BE]. The high UV-B dose simulated midsummer ambient conditions over Libya and a 40% reduction in stratospheric ozone over Norway. The Libyan ectotype, which originated from latitudes where solar UV-B is high, showed no UV-B induced damage to plant growth. However the Norwegian ecotype, which originated from latitudes where solar UV-B is low, showed a significant reduction in plant height, inflorescence weight, and rosette weight in response to enhanced UV-B. Although fruit and seed number for both ecotypes were unaffected by enhanced UV-B radiation the germination success of the seeds harvested from the irradiated Norwegian plants were significantly reduced. The two ecotypes also differed with respect to their accumulation of kaempferol, a putative UV-B protective filter. The Libyan ecotype increased kaempferol concentration by 38% over the 0 kJ treatment whereas the Norwegian ecotype increased by only 15%. These data suggest that, for these ecotypes, variation in UV-B sensitivity may be explained by the differential induction of UV-absorbing leaf pigments.

  1. West Nile Encephalitis in Humans and Horses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawhorn, D. Bruce

    2000-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    such as Russia, Ukraine, Italy, Spain (1960s-1990s); Algeria (1994); Morocco (1996); Romania (1996-1997); Czech Republic 8/00 * Associate Professor and Extension Swine Veterinarian, Texas Agricul- tural Extension Service and Dept. of Large Animal Medicine... and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Texas A&M University System. (1997); Democratic Republic of the Congo and Italy (1998); and Russia (1999). In addition to the human cases in New York, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Centers...

  2. 3ctab.xlsx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-onASTROPHYSICS H.CarbonMarch Value4 3.P D ATFOR M Algeria

  3. 3dtab.xlsx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-onASTROPHYSICS H.CarbonMarch Value4 3.P D ATFOR M AlgeriaQ1

  4. Tunnel | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,LtdInformationTulsa, Oklahoma: EnergyTunisia: Energy

  5. Tuori Solar Energy Equipment Mfg Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,LtdInformationTulsa, Oklahoma: EnergyTunisia:Tuori Solar Energy

  6. Turbine Electric Power Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,LtdInformationTulsa, Oklahoma: EnergyTunisia:Tuori Solar

  7. TurboTech Precision Engineering Private Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,LtdInformationTulsa, Oklahoma: EnergyTunisia:Tuori SolarTurboTech

  8. Turin, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,LtdInformationTulsa, Oklahoma: EnergyTunisia:Tuori

  9. Turkerler Alasehir Geothermal Power Plant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,LtdInformationTulsa, Oklahoma: EnergyTunisia:TuoriTurkerler

  10. Turkey Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,LtdInformationTulsa, Oklahoma: EnergyTunisia:TuoriTurkerlerJump

  11. Study Design And Realization Of Solar Water Heater

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lounis, M. [LAAR Laboratory-Physics Department-USTOMB 31000 Oran (Algeria); Boudjemaa, F.; Akil, S. Kouider [Genie Climatic Department-CUKM 44000-Khemis Miliana (Algeria)

    2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Solar is one of the most easily exploitable energy, it is moreover inexhaustible. His applications are many and are varied. The heating of the domestic water is one of the most immediate, simplest and also of most widespread exploitation of the solar energy. Algeria, from its geographical situation, it deposits one of the largest high sun surface expositions in the world. The exposition duration of the almost territory exceeds 2000 hours annually and can reach the 3900 hours (high plateaus and Sahara). By knowing the daily energy received by 1 m{sup 2} of a horizontal surface of the solar thermal panel is nearly around 1700 KWh/m{sup 2} a year in the north and 2263 KWh/m{sup 2} a year in the south of the country, we release the most important and strategic place of the solar technologies in the present and in the future for Algeria. This work consists to study, conceive and manufacture solar water heating with the available local materials so, this type of the energy will be profitable for all, particularly the poor countries. If we consider the illumination duration of the panel around 6 hours a day, the water heat panel manufactured in our laboratory produce an equivalent energy of 11.615 KWh a day so, 4239 KWh a year. These values of energy can be easily increased with performing the panel manufacture.

  12. Effect of the Brazilian arms industry on US strategy. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kahne, S.D.

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brazil's arms manufacturing capability has made great strides in the international market in the past 25 years. Thus far, the U.S. has only taken action to try and limit Brazil and their actions regarding their arms exports. This was done once because of human rights violations called out by the Carter Administration and once because of sales made by Brazilian defense firms to destabilizing countries such as Iraq, Libya, and Iran. The U.S. should see the Brazilian arms industries could provide a sharing of overhead costs and technologies. This could reduce overall unit prices for two countries' major weapon systems and help promote greater hemispheric stability. Brazil has announced they are open to this. It is up to the U.S. to seize the opportunity.

  13. Combating terrorism - a response in kind. Student essay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lum, T.

    1987-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Outside of armed conflicts representing nations with forces in uniforms, another kind of war has emerged waged by terrorists. For the past twenty years terrorists have waged war against nations for a variety of reasons. No rules of war govern their conduct nor do they observe any. Methods of combatting terrorism vary from nation to nation. Few nations agree totally on how to combat this form of lawlessness. This essay examines one approach and suggests another. President Reagan's ultimate decision to bomb Libya is examined through a discussion of the events, repercussions of these events, and world opinion of these events that preceded his decision. A harsher, more-controlled and personal approach to combatting terrorism is suggested and discussed.

  14. Feasibility study Part I - Thermal hydraulic analysis of LEU target for {sup 99}Mo production in Tajoura reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bsebsu, F.M.; Abotweirat, F. [Reactor Department, Renewable Energies and Water Desalination Research Cente, P.O. Box 30878 Tajoura, Tripoli (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya)], E-mail: Bsebso@yahoo.com, E-mail: abutweirat@yahoo.com; Elwaer, S. [Radiochemistry Department, Renewable Energies and Water Desalination Research Cente, P.O. Box 30878 Tajoura, Tripoli (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya)], E-mail: samiwer@yahoo.com

    2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Renewable Energies and Water Desalination Research Center (REWDRC), Libya, will implement the technology for {sup 99}Mo isotope production using LEU foil target, to obtain new revenue streams for the Tajoura nuclear research reactor and desiring to serve the Libyan hospitals by providing the medical radioisotopes. Design information is presented for LEU target with irradiation device and irradiation Beryllium (Be) unit in the Tajoura reactor core. Calculated results for the reactor core with LEU target at different level of power are presented for steady state and several reactivity induced accident situations. This paper will present the steady state thermal hydraulic design and transient analysis of Tajoura reactor was loaded with LEU foil target for {sup 99}Mo production. The results of these calculations show that the reactor with LEU target during the several cases of transient are in safe and no problems will occur. (author)

  15. The over 20 year operating experience with carbon steel tubings at Abu Attifel Field. Problems and solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheldi, T. [ENI-AGIP Div., Milan (Italy); Rumash, K. [AGIP Oil, Tripoli (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya); Bazzoni, B. [Cescor srl, Milan (Italy)

    1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abu Attifel onshore oil field (Libya) was discovered in 1968 and put in production in November 1972. The total average production is nowadays about 140,000 BOPD (22,260 m{sup 3}/d) with 46 producing wells. All the production wells were originally completed with carbon steel tubing, although the produced fluids contain CO{sub 2}-4% in the gas phase. After several years of production with minor downhole corrosion problems, several corrosion failures started to occur in the nineties at extremely high corrosion rate. In some cases corrosion attacks occurred although the water cut was negligible (lower than 1%). A detailed corrosion study was initiated to investigate the problem in order to identify the most critical production wells and the priority of intervention for well; this paper reports the corrosion assessment results and the actions undertaken to control the corrosion. A occurred corrosion events is also reported.

  16. Pressure test data reveal reservoir barriers/faults

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hurd, J.D.

    1984-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A review of transient pressure test data from an oil reservoir in Libya indicated not only the suspected fault barriers, but also the non-sealing portions of the faults. Extensive seismic data indicated much faulting, and directional trends had been interpreted to be generally northwest-southeast. The reservoir is a heterogeneous dolomite with average permeability of 40 to 50 md and contains neither natural fractures not stratification. Vertical displacement (throw) of each fault block is indicated to be within the range of the dolomite thickness, i.e., 40 to 180 ft. Therefore, when the fault throw is greater than reservoir thickness there is sealing, and when the throw is less than reservoir thickness the faults are non-sealing.

  17. SPECIAL SEMINAR - The NOTTE experiment, or how to become a Total Solar Eclipse chaser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2011-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The NOTTE experiment (Neutrino Oscillations with Telescope during Total Eclipse) aims at searching for visible photons emitted through a possible radiative decay of solar neutrinos. The experiment and the expeditions organized by a group of physicists and astrophysicists from INFN and INAF Bologna hunting for Total Solar Eclipses from 1998 to 2006 wil be described. The results of observations performed during total solar eclipse expeditions in 2001 (Zambia) and 2006 (Sahara desert, Libya) are presented and a beautiful photo gallery will be shown. Other peculiar observations that can be made during a solar eclipse are also illustrated. The seminar will be followed by a brief presentation of future camps for solar eclipse chasers and scientists organized in 2008 in Russia, Kazakhstan, China and Mongolia, in 2009 in Shanghai and on the Easter Island in 2010.

  18. SPECIAL SEMINAR - The NOTTE experiment, or how to become a Total Solar Eclipse chaser

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The NOTTE experiment (Neutrino Oscillations with Telescope during Total Eclipse) aims at searching for visible photons emitted through a possible radiative decay of solar neutrinos. The experiment and the expeditions organized by a group of physicists and astrophysicists from INFN and INAF Bologna hunting for Total Solar Eclipses from 1998 to 2006 wil be described. The results of observations performed during total solar eclipse expeditions in 2001 (Zambia) and 2006 (Sahara desert, Libya) are presented and a beautiful photo gallery will be shown. Other peculiar observations that can be made during a solar eclipse are also illustrated. The seminar will be followed by a brief presentation of future camps for solar eclipse chasers and scientists organized in 2008 in Russia, Kazakhstan, China and Mongolia, in 2009 in Shanghai and on the Easter Island in 2010.

  19. - Nord-Maroc (Rif):

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A L' evolution Des Occlusives; Dentales Du Proto-berbere; N. Louali; J. M. Hombert; Ayt Youssi; Ayt Mansour

    The purpose of this paper is to establish correspondences between dental stops in seven berber dialects (six from Morocco and one from Algeria). We will be particularly interested in the process of spirantization. The proces, particularly developed in the northern dialects, is starting to affect central dialects as well. we will show that in some dialects (Ayt sadden, Ayt Ouzin and Ayt Mansour) the development of spirantization is phonetically conditioned. 1. Distribution gographique des parlers berbres Le domaine berbre couvre une vaste zone gographique qui s'tend de l'ocan Atlantique la frontire gyptienne et de la Mditerrane jusqu'au fleuve Niger (voir carte 1). Sur cette vaste tendue, les berbrophones ne forment pas une masse compacte; ils se rpartissent en lots d'importance trs variable (voir Basset 1952 et

  20. Chirac of France: A new leader of the west?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moiesi, D.

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In foreign and security policy the issues for France are contradictory nature of Chirac`s goals or in the incompatibility of the means to those ends. Chirac`s modernized Gaullist formula for independent French action to meet the exigencies of the post-Cold War world may be irreconcilable with the constraints and demands of the European unification process. The goal of independence may not mesh with the retention of influence. An immediate, concrete example is the apparent contradiction between France`s European and world ambitions and its resumption of nuclear testing. Four foreign policy themes have dominated the initial months of Chirac`s presidency: the war in Bosnia, nuclear testing, European relations, and the conflict in Algeria and its repercussions in France. These themes are examined in more detail.

  1. Snamprogetti signs MTBE contracts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alperowicz, N.

    1992-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Snamprogetti (Milan) will use a Russian-developed dehydrogenation process in a world-scale methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) plant it is to build at Arzew, Algeria for a previously announced joint venture of Sonatrach (Algiers), Total (Paris), and Ecofuel (Milan). The 600,000-m.t./year plant will be the first in the West to use the improved Snamprogetti-Yarsintez fluidized-bed dehydrogenation (FBD) technology proven on a demonstration plant at Yaroslavl, Russia. The process has also been selected for use in Oxyfuel Corp.`s 500,000-m.t./year MTBE plant near Beaumont, TX. Although the environmental permit is already in place, final agreement for this project has not yet been signed.

  2. World crude output overcomes Persian Gulf disruption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several OPEC producers made good on their promises to replace 2.7 MMbpd of oil exports that vanished from the world market after Iraq took over Kuwait. Even more incredibly, they accomplished this while a breathtaking 1.2- MMbopd reduction in Soviet output took place during the course of 1991. After Abu Dhabi, Indonesia, Iran, Libya, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela turned the taps wide open, their combined output rose 2.95 MMbopd. Put together with a 282,000-bopd increase by Norway and contributions from smaller producers, this enabled world oil production to remain within 400,000 bopd of its 1990 level. The 60.5-MMbopd average was off by just 0.7%. This paper reports that improvement took place in five of eight regions. Largest increases were in Western Europe and Africa. Greatest reductions occurred in Eastern Europe and the Middle East. Fifteen nations produced 1 MMbopd or more last year, compared with 17 during 1990.

  3. Deterring regional threats from nuclear proliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spector, L.S.

    1992-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The most prominent shift in the National Military Strategy is from the global Soviet threat to a new focus on regional contingencies. No threat looms larger in these contingencies than the proliferation of nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles. This study examines proliferation trends and proposes a predominately diplomatic strategy for containing the problem. Dr. Spector identifies three waves of proliferation: the first is the five states with declared weapons and doctrine-the United States, Russia, Great Britain, France, and China; the second includes a less visible group that developed a covert capability, without testing weapons or declaring a doctrine of deterrence-for example, Israel, India, and probably Pakistan; and, a third wave of would-be proliferators includes radical states like Iraq, Iran, Libya, and North Korea. Spector's political approach is based on the common interest of wave one and two states to prevent further proliferation. Political-economic incentives have already worked in the cases of Brazil, Argentina, Taiwan, and South Africa-states which appear to have abandoned their nuclear weapons programs. Spector does not rule out the option of military force. Force, especially under international sanctions, can be a powerful tool to back diplomatic efforts. Use of force, however, remains a last resort.

  4. Need for refining capacity creates opportunities for producers in Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ali, M.S.S. (Bahrain National Oil Co., Awali (Bahrain))

    1994-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Oil industry interest in refining has revived in the past few years in response to rising oil consumption. The trend creates opportunities, for countries in the Middle East, which do not own refining assets nearly in proportion to their crude oil reserved. By closing this gap between reserves and refining capacity, the countries can ease some of the instability now characteristic of the oil market. Some major oil producing countries have begun to move downstream. During the 1980s, Venezuela, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Libya, and other members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries acquired refining assets through direct total purchase or joint ventures. Nevertheless, the oil industry remains largely unintegrated, with the Middle East holding two thirds of worldwide oil reserves but only a small share downstream. As worldwide refining capacity swings from a period of surplus toward one in which the need for new capacity will be built. The paper discusses background of the situation, shrinking surplus, investment requirements, sources of capital, and shipping concerns.

  5. Foramol carbonate shelves as depositional site and source area: Recent and ancient examples from the Mediterranean region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carannante, G.; Simone, L.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent environments, only limited carbonate depositional areas are dominated by coral reefs. Such platforms frequently develop rimmed margins and are characterized by chlorozoan facies with large contributions of nonskeletal grains. They are practically limited to warm tropical seas. In temperate seas as well as anomalous tropical zones, large areas of the middle-outer shelf are covered by skeletal debris with variable amounts of mollusks, foraminifers, coralline algae, bryozoans, etc (foramol facies). Apart from the skeletal fragments derived from the shallow inner shelf and the contribution from local endobiota and epibiota, the source of the bioclastic sediments may be found in limited and scattered areas supporting active carbonate-producing assemblages. Fossil counterparts of similar deposits are present in the Mediterranean region (e.g., Spain, Italy, Malta, Libya), locally showing good reservoir properties. Examples are described from the Miocene of the Southern Apennines (Italy) where a variety rich in encrusting coralline algae is present, as well as from the Upper Cretaceous of the Southern Apennines and northwest Sardinia (Italy) where scattered rudistid buildups are associated with bioclastic sediments rich in coralline algae and bryozoans.

  6. Nuclear threats from small states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kahan, J.H.

    1994-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    What are the policy implications regarding proliferation and counter proliferation of nuclear weapons among Third World states. How does deterrence operate outside the parameters of superpower confrontation as defined by the cold war elaborate system of constraints enforced by concepts like mutual assured destruction, and counter-value and counter-force targeting. How can US policymakers devise contingencies for dealing with nuclear threats posed by countries like North Korea, Libya, Iraq, Iran, and Syria. These are some of the unsettling but nevertheless important questions addressed by the author in this monograph. In his analysis, Mr. Jerome Kahan examines the likelihood that one or more of these countries will use nuclear weapons before the year 2000. He also offers a framework that policymakers and planners might use in assessing US interests in preempting the use of nuclear weapons or in retaliating for their use. Ironically, with the end of the cold war, it is imperative that defense strategists, policymakers, and military professionals think about the `unthinkable`. In the interest of fostering debate on this important subject, the Strategic Studies Institute commends this insightful monograph.

  7. New interpretation of the so-called Nubian strata in northeast Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klitzsch, E.H.; Squyres, C.H.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stratigraphical interpretation of the so-called Nubian Sandstone of Egypt and northern Sudan have led to new ideas on the structural and paleogeographical development of northeast Africa. The strata formerly comprised under the term Nubian Sandstone include sediments from Cambrian to Paleocene age. Based on field work and paleontological investigations during the last 10 years, these strata can be subdivided into three major cycles, each characterizing a certain structural situation of northeast Africa. The first or Paleozoic cycle comprises strata of Cambrian to Early Carboniferous age. These strata were deposited during a period of generally northern dip of northeast Africa; continental sediments transported northward interfinger with marine strata resulting from southward transgressions. Sediments of the second cycle were deposited during and after Gondwana and northern continents collided, which caused updoming of large areas of Egypt and bordering areas to the west and east. As a result, most of Egypt became subject to erosion; transgressions remained near the present northern edge of the continent, and purely continental deposition took place in northern Sudan and bordering areas in Chad and Libya. The resulting strata are similar to the Karroo of East Africa. Strata of the third cycle were deposited after Pangea began to disintegrate. Northeast Africa now had a generally northern dip again, and consequently deposition was controlled - as during the first cycle - by northward drainage and southward transgressions. This last cycle began during Late Jurassic time.

  8. Mesozoic rift basins in western desert of Egypt, their southern extension and impact on future exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taha, M.A. (Conoco, Cairo (Egypt))

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rift basins are a primary target of exploration in east, central, and west Africa. These intracratonic rift basins range in age from the Triassic to the Neogene and are filled with lagoonal-lacustrine sand-shale sequences. Several rift basins may be present in the Western Desert of Egypt. In the northeastern African platform, the Mesozoic Tethyan strand lines were previously interpreted to have limited southern extension onto the continent. This concept, based upon a relatively limited amount of subsurface data, has directed and focused the exploration for oil and gas to the northernmost 120 km of the Western Desert of Egypt. Recent well and geophysical data indicate a southerly extension of mesozoic rift basins several hundred kilometers inland from the Mediterranean Sea. Shushan/Faghur and Abu Gharadig/Bahrein basins may represent subparallel Mesozoic basins, trending northeast-southwest. Marine Oxfordian-Kimmeridgian sediments were recently reported from wells drilled approximately 500 km south of the present-day Mediterranean shoreline. The link of these basins with the Sirte basin to the southwest in Libya is not well understood. Exploration is needed to evaluate the hydrocarbon potential of such basins.

  9. Gunboat diplomacy and the bomb: Nuclear proliferation and the U. S. Navy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arnett, E.H.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of nuclear proliferation on U.S. regional interests is examined, particularly the prospects for naval power projection. After an introductory chapter setting the context and defining terms, a technical assessment is performed. It finds U.S. warships to be more vulnerable to nuclear weapons than might be appreciated if effects other than overpressure are neglected, as they frequently are. Further, it assesses the utilities of delivery systems available to proliferants and discusses the likely composition of proliferant arsenals. These arsenals are found to be capable of destroying U.S. aircraft carriers, escorting warships, and naval installations. In order to avoid falling victim to threat of the week thinking, the study goes on to construct scenarios that test the relevance of the proliferant arsenals to U.S. capability and willingness to protect its interests in future crises. The countries selected for the scenarios are India, Iran, and Libya. Although steps can be taken to mitigate the effects of proliferation, the study finds that these effects cannot prevent a nuclear attack with complete certainty, and thus leave the U.S. with the prospect of revising its interests.

  10. Structural development of the western margins of the Sirte basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anketell, J.M.; Kumati, S.M.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Sirte basin, situated in north-central Libya, is a broad, northwest-trending embayment comprising a complex of small horsts and grabens. The basin was initiated in the early Cretaceous by collapse of the Tibisti-Sirte arch and underwent further faulting, notably in Late Cretaceous to early paleocene time and during the latter part of the Eocene. Throughout the greater part of the region, faults are obscured by Neogene cover; however, west of the Dahra-Hofra horst they are exposed. The last major phase of faulting in this region is late Lutetian to early Priabonian in age with minor reactivation during Oligocene and Miocene time. A phase of intra-Lutetian movement is also recognized. Following deposition of open marine limestones and chalks in the early Lutetian, the region was tilted toward the east-northeast with emergence and development of a complex system of east-flowing drainage channels which sculpted the emerging surface. The channels are wide but shallow, ranging up to 2 km wide and 10 m deep. This phase of movement and intraformational erosion was terminated by slow subsidence and/or transgression with development of restricted marine shales. The late Eocene faults which delineate the western margin of the Dahra horst throw down to the west and display a complex en echelon pattern. They are interpreted in terms of Riedel shear mechanics related to oblique-slip reactivation of basement shears. Counterclockwise orientation of the shears indicates they formed in response to sinistral slip.

  11. The role of geology in the behavior and choice of permeability predictors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ball, L.D.; Corbett, P.W.M.; Jensen, J.L.; Lewis, J.J.M. [Heriot-Watt Univ., Edinburgh (United Kingdom)

    1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For effective flow-simulation models, it may be important to estimate permeability accurately over several scales of geological heterogeneity. Critical to the data analysis and permeability prediction are the volume of investigation and sampling interval of each petrophysical tool and how each relates to these geological scales. The authors examine these issues in the context of the As Sarah Field, Sirte Basin, Libya. A geological study of this braided fluvial reservoir has revealed heterogeneity at a series of scales. This geological hierarchy in turn possessed a corresponding hierarchy of permeability variation.The link between the geology and permeability was found to be very important in understanding well logs and core data and subsequent permeability upscaling. They found that the small scale (cm) permeability variability was better predicted using a flushed-zone resistivity, R{sub xo}, tool, rather than a wireline porosity measurement. The perm-resistivity correlation was strongest when the probe permeabilities were averaged to best match the window size of the wireline R{sub xo}. This behavior was explained by the geological variation present at this scale. For the larger scale geological heterogeneity, the production flowmeter highlighted discrepancies between flow data and averaged permeability. This yielded a layered sedimentological model interpretation and a change in averaging for permeability prediction at the bedset scale (ms-10 x ms).

  12. New bomb, no mission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mello, G.

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cold war may be over, but the nuclear arms race has not quite ended. The United States is fielding a new nuclear weapon-a bomb that was used to threaten Libya, a non-nuclear nation, even before it was deployed. The B61 {open_quotes}mod-11{close_quotes} gravity bomb is the first nuclear capability added to the US arsenal since 1989. It was developed and deployed secretly, without public or congressional debate, and in apparent contradiction to official domestic and international assurances that no new nuclear weapons were being developed in the United States. The B61-11`s unique earth-penetrating characteristic and wide range of yields allow it to threaten otherwide indestructible targets from the air-or, in Pentagonese, to hold such targets {open_quotes}at risk.{close_quotes} That makes the B61-11 a uniquely useful warfighting tool. The 1,200-pound B61-11 replaces the B53, a 8,900-pound, nine-megaton bomb that was developed as a {open_quotes}city buster{close_quotes} and was later designated as a substitute for an earth-penetrating weapon. The B53 was deliverable only by vulnerable B-52s; in contrast, the smaller and lighter B61-11 can be delivered the the stealthier B-2A bomber, or even by F16 fighters.

  13. Joint Assessment of Renewable Energy and Water Desalination Research Center (REWDC) Program Capabilities and Facilities In Radioactive Waste Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bissani, M; Fischer, R; Kidd, S; Merrigan, J

    2006-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary goal of this visit was to perform a joint assessment of the Renewable Energy and Water Desalination Center's (REWDC) program in radioactive waste management. The visit represented the fourth technical and scientific interaction with Libya under the DOE/NNSA Sister Laboratory Arrangement. Specific topics addressed during the visit focused on Action Sheet P-05-5, ''Radioactive Waste Management''. The Team, comprised of Mo Bissani (Team Lead), Robert Fischer, Scott Kidd, and Jim Merrigan, consulted with REWDC management and staff. The team collected information, discussed particulars of the technical collaboration and toured the Tajura facility. The tour included the waste treatment facility, waste storage/disposal facility, research reactor facility, hot cells and analytical labs. The assessment team conducted the first phase of Task A for Action Sheet 5, which involved a joint assessment of the Radioactive Waste Management Program. The assessment included review of the facilities dedicated to the management of radioactive waste at the Tourja site, the waste management practices, proposed projects for the facility and potential impacts on waste generation and management.

  14. Methanol market slowly tightens as Brazil starts soaking up material

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, I.

    1992-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Although the US methanol market's response to mandated oxygen requirements in reformulated gasoline has been disappointing, the European market has surprisingly been tightening in recent weeks and looks set for a price rise in first-quarter 1993. The tightness is being felt mainly in the Mediterranean market, where the Libyan methanol plant is running at only 70% because of problems with gas feedstock supplies. More significantly, the Brazilian government has now given the go-ahead for a yearlong extension on imports of methanol for use as an ethanol replacement in fuel blending. The new authorization sets a monthly import limit of 48,000 m.t. during that period. Libya is an important supplier of methanol to the Brazilian market and has already shipped about 20,000 m.t. since the authorization was given. Another major supplier to Brazil is Russia, from its two giant 750,000-m.t./year plants at Gubakha and Tomsk. The material is shipped from the terminal at Yuzhnyy on the Black Sea, in Ukrainian territory since the collapse of the Soviet Union.

  15. The current state of the Russian reduced enrichment research reactors program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aden, V.G.; Kartashov, E.F.; Lukichev, V.A. [and others

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the last year after the 16-th International Conference on Reducing Fuel Enrichment in Research Reactors held in October, 1993 in Oarai, Japan, the conclusive stage of the Program on reducing fuel enrichment (to 20% in U-235) in research reactors was finally made up in Russia. The Program was started late in 70th and the first stage of the Program was completed by 1986 which allowed to reduce fuel enrichment from 80-90% to 36%. The completion of the Program current stage, which is counted for 5-6 years, will exclude the use of the fuel enriched by more than 20% from RF to other countries such as: Poland, Czeck Republick, Hungary, Roumania, Bulgaria, Libya, Viet-Nam, North Korea, Egypt, Latvia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. In 1994 the Program, approved by RF Minatom authorities, has received the status of an inter-branch program since it was admitted by the RF Ministry for Science and Technical Policy. The Head of RF Minatom central administrative division N.I.Ermakov was nominated as the Head of the Russian Program, V.G.Aden, RDIPE Deputy Director, was nominated as the scientific leader. The Program was submitted to the Commission for Scientific, Technical and Economical Cooperation between USA and Russia headed by Vice-President A. Gore and Prime Minister V. Chemomyrdin and was given support also.

  16. Oil migration pattern in the Sirte Basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roohi, M.; Aburawi, R.M. [Waha Oil Co., Tripoli (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sirte Basin is an asymmetrical cratonic basin, situated in the north-central part of Libya. It covers an area of over 350,000km{sup 2} and is one of the most prolific oil-producing basins in the world. Sirte Basin is divided into large NW-SE trending sub-parallel platforms and troughs bounded by deep seated syndepositional normal faults. A very unique combination of thick sediments with rich source rocks in the troughs vs. thinner sediments with prolific reservoir rocks on the platforms accounts for the productivity of the basin. Analysis of oil migration pattern in the Sirte Basin will certainly help to discover the remaining reserves, and this can only be achieved if the important parameter of structural configuration of the basin at the time of oil migration is known. The present paper is an attempt to analyse the time of oil migration, to define the structural picture of the 4 Basin during the time of migration and to delineate the most probable connecting routes between the hydrocarbon kitchens and the oil fields.

  17. Global threat reduction initiative Russian nuclear material removal progress

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cummins, Kelly [DOE/NNSA (United States); Bolshinsky, Igor [INL/NNSA (United States)

    2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In December 1999 representatives from the United States, the Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) started discussing a program to return to Russia Soviet- or Russian-supplied highly enriched uranium (HEU) fuel stored at the Russian-designed research reactors outside Russia. Trilateral discussions among the United States, Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have identified more than 20 research reactors in 17 countries that have Soviet- or Russian-supplied HEU fuel. The Global Threat Reduction Initiative's Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program is an important aspect of the U.S. Government's commitment to cooperate with the other nations to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons and weapons-usable proliferation-attractive nuclear materials. To date, 496 kilograms of Russian-origin HEU have been shipped to Russia from Serbia, Latvia, Libya, Uzbekistan, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Germany, and the Czech Republic. The pilot spent fuel shipment from Uzbekistan to Russia was completed in April 2006. (author)

  18. Why the Gulf War still matters: Foreign perspectives on the war and the future of international security. Report No. 16

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrity, P.J.

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the main findings of a Center for National Security Studies (CNSS) project that examined how a number of nations other than the United States have reacted to the course and outcome of the Persian Gulf War of 1991. The project was built around studies of key countries on which the Gulf War might reasonably be expected to have had a significant impact: Argentina, the ASEAN states, Brazil, China, Cuba, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Libya, North Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Syria, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, Vietnam, and the states of the former Yugoslavia. These country studies were written by well-recognized independent experts following a common set of guidelines provided by CNSS. When the country studies were completed, they were reviewed and supplemented through a series of peer assessments and workshops. The report represents a synthesis of material generated through this process, and is intended to stimulate thought and further analysis on the critical topics discussed herein.

  19. Libyan Paleozoic: A review of the factors limiting hydrocarbon potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kanes, W.H.; Mairn, A.E.M.; Aburawi, R.M.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Of the three main Paleozoic basins - Ghadames, Murquz, and Kufra - only the Ghadames and its continuation into Algeria, the Illizi (or Fort Polignac) basin, has yielded hydrocarbons in significant quantity. The Paleozoic on the Cyrenaica platform and basement of the Sirte basin has a potential not fully considered. The paleogeography of the Paleozoic system is reviewed to illustrate the extent to which inherited and reactivated basement-controlled structures have influenced later Paleozoic sedimentation and hence the distribution of source rocks, reservoirs, and seals. In all instances, the source rocks are restricted to shales of the Tanezufft Formation or occur in the Upper Devonian Aouinet Oeunine Formation. Multiple fine-grained sequences serve as seals in all the fields. The reservoirs range from the well-cemented but highly fractured Cambrian-Ordovician Gargaf sandstones to the Acacus-Tadrart clastics to the fine-grained Lower Carboniferous Tahara Sandstone. The principal plays are associated with minor structures, and stratigraphic trapping mechanisms play a minor role. The average field size (excluding the Sirte basin) is approximately 80 million bbl of recoverable oil. Paleozoic structural plays in the Sirte basin and the Cyrenaica platform include reactivated infra-Cambrian faults. The lower Paleozoic accumulations of the Murzuq basin are tied to large structures. With the exception of local areas in the Ghadames basin, the Paleozoic succession remains a stratigraphic frontier province - still incompletely explored but with several interesting possibilities for large amounts of stratigraphically trapped hydrocarbons.

  20. Growing Brazilian demand to spur gas network in South America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deffarges, E.H. (Booz Allen and Hamilton, San Francisco, CA (United States)); Maurer, L.I.A. (Booz Allen and Hamilton, Sao Paulo (Brazil))

    1993-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A recent combination in South America of economic and geopolitical factors is prompting development of a new integrated gas-pipeline network in the continent's Southern Cone. The crucial factors include privatization, regional integration, economic growth, and environmental concerns. The area, Latin America's largest regional entity, includes Brazil (population 150 million and a 1990 GNP of about $375 billion, 9th largest in the world), Argentina (population 32 million and the third largest Latin American economy after Brazil and Mexico), Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay. Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay are members of the MercoSur economic bloc whose objective is to develop free trade in the region. There are very few integrated pipeline networks in the world. Besides the giant North American system, with hundreds of producers and pipelines, there is only one other large integrated network. It connects continental European countries to their outside suppliers such as Norway, the C.I.S., and Algeria. The emergence of a new pipeline system is therefore important for the natural-gas industry worldwide and even more so if it occurs in a region now growing rapidly after a decade of economic difficulties.

  1. Gaz de France ordering high-efficiency drivers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    de Biasi, V.

    1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For natural gas transmission, distribution, and storage operations, Gaz de France is installing Creusot-Loire's new line of high-efficiency gas-turbine packages, powered by Allison 501 and 570 generators for compressor speeds exceeding 10,000 rpm. The Type CA.3 driver comprises a 501 generator coupled to a two-stage power turbine; the ISO base rating is 3265 kW on gas fuel with a heat rate of 12,050 Btu/kWhr. The CA.5 driver with the stronger 570 gas-turbine engine is base-rated at 4805 kW with a heat rate of 11,360 Btu/kWhr. Designed for direct-drive, with no intermediary gearing, the high-speed compressor operates on the 13,820-rpm output shaft speed of the CA.3 for baseload requirements or on 11,500 rpm for the more powerful CA.5 set. These compressor packages will serve as boosters for the transmission and storage of regasified LNG from Algeria and natural gas from the North Sea, USSR, and France's own Lacq fields.

  2. Oil exports, structural change, and economic development in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Emami-Khoi, A.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Within the broad Chenery-Kuznets framework, using structural change as a major indicator of economic development, this study investigates the direction and magnitude and broad features of structural change in Iran, and the role of oil production and exports in that change. Although the study covers a larger horizon, the analysis is focused on the period 1955 through 1977. A similar but less-detailed investigation is conducted for Algeria, Indonesia, and Venezuela also, and a cross-country, comparative perspective is generated. The study shows that, in general, the structural changes in Iran have either been weak (for example, in production and employment), or they are contrary to what the model would predict (for instance in trade). The pattern of structural change observed in Iran, therefore, does not indicate any significant economic development even though per capita income increased five-fold over the period 1955 through 1977. In short, oil does not appear to have been an engine of economic development in Iran. The situation appears broadly similar for the other three countries. Based on these findings, the study offers some suggestions concerning the future economic strategies that should enhance very considerably the contribution that oil industry can make toward Iran's economic development, and should thus accelerate the pace of economic development. These suggestions may be useful to other oil-exporting countries as well.

  3. Worldwide threat assessment brief to the Senate Select Committee on intelligence statement for the record

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deutch, J.

    1996-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This report outlines the threats to the United States and its interests now and into the next century. We still call this the post-Cold War world. Among the opportunities and challenges of our time, there is not yet one dominant enough to define the era on its own terms and give it a name. Looking beyond our borders, we see much that is uncertain: The stability of many regions of the world is threatened by ethnic turmoil and humanitarian crises. Two great powers, Russia and China, are in the process of metamorphosis and their final shape is still very much in question.-Free nations of the world are threatened by rogue nations - - Iran, Iraq, North Korea, and Libya, that have built up significant military forces and seek to acquire weapons of mass destruction. The world community is under assault from those who deal in proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, terrorism, drugs and crime. And the interdependence of the world economy has made us more vulnerable to economic shocks beyond our borders. The strategic threat to our continent is reduced, but the potential for surprise is greater than it was in the days when we could focus our energies on the well-recognized instruments of Soviet power. No one challenge today is yet as formidable as the threat from the former Soviet Union. If nurtured by neglect on our part, these new challenges could expand to threaten the growth of democracy and free markets. All the tools of national security -- diplomacy, the military, and intelligence -- must remain sharp. It is the task of the Intelligence Community to provide policymakers and military commanders with early warning of emerging problems -- warning that can allow us to avoid crisis or military conflict. We must continuously monitor and assess the threats so that our leaders can manage these wisely.

  4. Refining industry trends: Europe and surroundings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guariguata, U.G.

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The European refining industry, along with its counterparts, is struggling with low profitability due to excess primary and conversion capacity, high operating costs and impending decisions of stringent environmental regulations that will require significant investments with hard to justify returns. This region was also faced in the early 1980s with excess capacity on the order of 4 MMb/d and satisfying the {open_quotes}at that point{close_quotes} demand by operating at very low utilization rates (60%). As was the case in the US, the rebalancing of the capacity led to the closure of some 51 refineries. Since the early 1990s, the increase in demand growth has essentially balanced the capacity threshold and utilization rates are settled around the 90% range. During the last two decades, the major oil companies have reduced their presence in the European refining sector, giving some state oil companies and producing countries the opportunity to gain access to the consumer market through the purchase of refining capacity in various countries-specifically, Kuwait in Italy; Libya and Venezuela in Germany; and Norway in other areas of Scandinavia. Although the market share for this new cast of characters remains small (4%) relative to participation by the majors (35%), their involvement in the European refining business set the foundation whereby US independent refiners relinquished control over assets that could not be operated profitably as part of a previous vertically integrated structure, unless access to the crude was ensured. The passage of time still seems to render this model valid.

  5. Nickel alloy stud bolts failure: A case history

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toffolo, G.; Fassina, P.; Marangoni, M. [AGIP SpA, Milan (Italy); Msallem, A. [AGIP Oil, Tripoli (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya)

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High strength and corrosion resistance material as Inconel X-750 has been selected for the seal flange bolts in an off-shore field in Libya, due to its properties at high temperature, needed for compliance with Fire Safe requirements. After 4 years from the production start-up, during a routine maintenance of wellheads, some bolts have been found cracked. The paper deals with all the activities done in order to understand the cause of the failure. In particular failure analysis has been carried out through laboratory investigation, and shop tests have been conducted to confirm the field procedure and determine the tension on the bolts during the installation. The main conclusion was that the bolts failed due to the concurrence of stress (over-torque that means stress level higher than yield one) and corrosion (pit/crevice conditions). This environmentally assisted failure is known as Hydrogen Embrittlement (HE). Test carried out using the same X-mas tree mounted on the platform justifies the assumption that in the field, where the conditions are far from the ideal, it is possible that even when a uniform torque is set, the tensile stress applied to the bolts is not uniform, making the situation critical. From the corrosion side, the failed bolts showed some corrosion points near the cracks, as due to environment in the crevice/pitting conditions required to justify the hydrogen presence (the bolts are not cathodically protected). Fatigue has been demonstrated not to be responsible for the failure. Solutions are recommended which can safely be adopted during the installation and the substitution of bolts on an existing wellhead, which is operative under pressure without shutting in the well, and not impairing the safety operating envelope.

  6. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1981

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicod, M.A.

    1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the 6 countries covered by this paper, valid petroleum rights at the end of 1981 amounted to 2,024,414 km/sup 2/ or 7% more than at the end of 1980. As far as the rightholding situation is concerned, the main event was the abandonment by Esso of all its rights in Libya. Information on exploration activity remains scarce, but it is estimated that seismic activity increased by 35%. Large air-magnetometry surveys were carried out in Sudan and Egypt. Exploration drilling activity continued to increase, with 169 wells completed versus 115 in 1980. This effort led to 67 oil and gas discoveries, a success rate of about 40% compared with 35% in 1980. All these discoveries were made in established producing provinces. Highly successful results were obtained in the Gulf of Suez with 1 gas and 19 oil discoveries compared with 4 discoveries in 1980. Good success was also obtained by ONAREP, the new Moroccan state company, with 5 gas discoveries out of 11 wells spudded during the year. Chevron continued to find oil in the interior basins of Sudan, and expects commercial production in 1984 from the Unity field, which has reserves estimated at 400 million bbl of oil. Oil production markedly decreased by about 23%, with an average of 2,820,000 BOPD in 1981. Oil output decreased in all the North African countries except Egypt, where it increased 8%. Utilized natural gas production can be estimated at about 2300 MMCFGD. Sonatrach published official figures for gross gas production in 1981 which amounted to 4420 MMCFGD, of which about 2000 MMCFGD were collected and utilized.

  7. The in-comprehensive test ban

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, R. [Disarmament Intelligence Review, London (United Kingdom)

    1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The author examines why the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban (CTB) treaty might not make it through the political minefields. Negotiators at the 60-nation U.N. The conference on Disarmament in Geneva reached an impasse, prompted by India`s assertions that the treaty was an inadequate document that perpetuated {open_quotes}nuclear apartheid{close_quotes} while violating India`s sovereignty. Because the Conference on Disarmament-often called the {open_quotes}Geneva Conference{close_quotes} or the {open_quotes}CD{close_quotes}-operates by consensus, India was able to veto the adoption of the treaty, which the conference had planned to transmit to the United Nations in early September. Australia saved the treaty with a last minute decision to bypass the Geneva Conference and take the CTB directly to the General Assembly in the form of a resolution. Some 127 nations co-sponsored Australia`s resolution, to which the treaty draft was attached. The General Assembly endorsed the treaty by a vote of 158 to three. India, Bhutan, and Libya voted against it. Despite the overwhelming vote, the treaty`s long-range outlook is uncertain. On the day of the vote, India`s chief test-ban negotiator, declared that India would {open_quotes}never sign this unequal treaty because Article XIV of the treaty, which requires that all 44 nuclear-capable nations who also belong to the Conference on Disarmament must sign and ratify the treaty. That requirement was viewed as contrary to international law because it denied India`s right of voluntary consent to an international treaty, thus violating India`s sovereignty.

  8. Illicit Trafficking of Natural Radionuclides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedrich, Steinhaeusler; Lyudmila, Zaitseva [Div. of Physics and Biophysics, University of Salzburg Hellbrunnerstr. 34, A 5020 Salzburg (Austria)

    2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Natural radionuclides have been subject to trafficking worldwide, involving natural uranium ore (U 238), processed uranium (yellow cake), low enriched uranium (<20% U 235) or highly enriched uranium (>20% U 235), radium (Ra 226), polonium (Po 210), and natural thorium ore (Th 232). An important prerequisite to successful illicit trafficking activities is access to a suitable logistical infrastructure enabling an undercover shipment of radioactive materials and, in case of trafficking natural uranium or thorium ore, capable of transporting large volumes of material. Covert en route diversion of an authorised uranium transport, together with covert diversion of uranium concentrate from an operating or closed uranium mines or mills, are subject of case studies. Such cases, involving Israel, Iran, Pakistan and Libya, have been analyzed in terms of international actors involved and methods deployed. Using international incident data contained in the Database on Nuclear Smuggling, Theft and Orphan Radiation Sources (DSTO) and international experience gained from the fight against drug trafficking, a generic Trafficking Pathway Model (TPM) is developed for trafficking of natural radionuclides. The TPM covers the complete trafficking cycle, ranging from material diversion, covert material transport, material concealment, and all associated operational procedures. The model subdivides the trafficking cycle into five phases: (1) Material diversion by insider(s) or initiation by outsider(s); (2) Covert transport; (3) Material brokerage; (4) Material sale; (5) Material delivery. An Action Plan is recommended, addressing the strengthening of the national infrastructure for material protection and accounting, development of higher standards of good governance, and needs for improving the control system deployed by customs, border guards and security forces.

  9. The Russian Federation's Ministry of Atomic Energy: Programs and Developments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    CM Johnson

    2000-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reviews select programs driving the Ministry of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation's (Minatom) efforts to raise funds, comments on their potential viability, and highlights areas likely to be of particular concern for the US over the next three to five years. The paper's findings are: (1) Despite numerous cabinet displacements throughout the Yeltsin administration, Yevgeny Adamov was reappointed Minister on four occasions. With Boris Yeltsin's January 1, 2000 resignation, Adamov's long-term position as the head of the Ministry is more tenuous, but he will likely retain his position until at least the March 2000 elections. Acting President Vladimir Putin is unlikely to reorganize his cabinet prior to that date and there are no signs that Putin is dissatisfied with Adamov's leadership of Minatom. (2) Adamov's chief priorities are downsizing Minatom's defense sector, increasing the oversight of subsidiary bodies by the central bureaucracy and consolidating commercial elements of the Ministry within an umbrella organization called Atomprom. (3) Viktor Mikhaylov, Adamov's predecessor and critic of his reform efforts, has been relieved of his duties as First Deputy Minister. While he retains his positions as Chief of the Science Councils and Chief Scientist at Arzamas-16, his influence on Minatom's direction is greatly diminished. Adamov will likely continue his efforts to further marginalize Mikhaylov in the coming year. (4) Securing extra-budgetary sources of income continues to be the major factor guiding Minatom's international business dealings. The Ministry will continue to aggressively promote the sale of nuclear technology abroad, often to countries with questionable nonproliferation commitments. (5) Given the financial difficulties in Russia and Minatom's client states, however, few nuclear development programs will come to fruition for a number of years, if ever. Nevertheless, certain peaceful nuclear cooperation agreements should be carefully monitored--particularly those negotiated with Cuba, Iran, Libya and Syria. (6) Waste management has also risen in importance for Minatom. Opportunities for raising funds by reprocessing, storing and permanently disposing of spent fuel from foreign states are being explored. Although currently prohibited by federal law, the Russian Parliament will likely pass legislation in support of this program.

  10. The geomechanics of CO{sub 2} storage in deep sedimentary formations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rutqvist, J.

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides a review of the geomechanics and modeling of geomechanics associated with geologic carbon storage (GCS), focusing on storage in deep sedimentary formations, in particular saline aquifers. The paper first introduces the concept of storage in deep sedimentary formations, the geomechanical processes and issues related with such an operation, and the relevant geomechanical modeling tools. This is followed by a more detailed review of geomechanical aspects, including reservoir stress-strain and microseismicity, well integrity, caprock sealing performance, and the potential for fault reactivation and notable (felt) seismic events. Geomechanical observations at current GCS field deployments, mainly at the In Salah CO2 storage project in Algeria, are also integrated into the review. The In Salah project, with its injection into a relatively thin, low-permeability sandstone is an excellent analogue to the saline aquifers that might be used for large scale GCS in parts of Northwest Europe, the U.S. Midwest, and China. Some of the lessons learned at In Salah related to geomechanics are discussed, including how monitoring of geomechanical responses is used for detecting subsurface geomechanical changes and tracking fluid movements, and how such monitoring and geomechanical analyses have led to preventative changes in the injection parameters. Recently, the importance of geomechanics has become more widely recognized among GCS stakeholders, especially with respect to the potential for triggering notable (felt) seismic events and how such events could impact the long-term integrity of a CO{sub 2} repository (as well as how it could impact the public perception of GCS). As described in the paper, to date, no notable seismic event has been reported from any of the current CO{sub 2} storage projects, although some unfelt microseismic activities have been detected by geophones. However, potential future commercial GCS operations from large power plants will require injection at a much larger scale. For such largescale injections, a staged, learn-as-you-go approach is recommended, involving a gradual increase of injection rates combined with continuous monitoring of geomechanical changes, as well as siting beneath a multiple layered overburden for multiple flow barrier protection, should an unexpected deep fault reactivation occur.