Sample records for alexand er wilson

  1. "Is There a Future for Nuclear Power After Fukushima?", Dr. Alexander...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    January 21, 2012, 9:30am Science On Saturday MBG Auditorium "Is There a Future for Nuclear Power After Fukushima?", Dr. Alexander Glaser, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and...

  2. Egypt and Greece Before Alexander

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pfeiffer, Stefan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Judean auxiliaries in Egypt’s wars against Kush. Journal ofCitation: Pfeiffer, 2013, Egypt and Greece before Alexander.Pfeiffer, Stefan, 2013, Egypt and Greece before Alexander.

  3. Alexander H. King, Director

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAbout theOFFICE OF RESEARCH ANDCONTACTScmi.ameslab.gov Alexander H. King,

  4. Alexander Laskin | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAbout theOFFICE OF RESEARCH ANDCONTACTScmi.ameslab.gov Alexander

  5. WRITTEN TESTIMONY OF DR. ALEXANDER MACDONALD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 WRITTEN TESTIMONY OF DR. ALEXANDER MACDONALD DEPUTY ASSISTANT ADMINISTRATOR FOR LABORATORIES Gordon, Ranking Member Hall, and other Members of the Committee. I am Alexander MacDonald, Deputy

  6. Speaker: Professor Alexander Turbiner, Instituto de Ciencias ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1910-91-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oct 27, 2009 ... PURDUE UNIVERSITY. Department of Mathematics Colloquium. Speaker: Professor Alexander Turbiner, Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, ...

  7. Alexander Hinneburg # Umbenennen der Dateien

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hinneburg, Alexander

    Übung 4 Alexander Hinneburg #12;Aufgabe 1 # Umbenennen der Dateien: cp data_set_ALL_AML_train.txt ALL_AML_grow.train.orig.txt cp data_set_ALL_AML_independent.txt ALL_AML_grow.test.orig.txt #Zaehlen der Zeilen wc ALL_AML_*orig.txt # 7130 533422 1860350 ALL_AML_grow.test.orig.txt # 7130 590458 2046808

  8. Cognitively Ergonomic Route Alexander Klippel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klippel, Alexander

    Cognitively Ergonomic Route Directions Alexander Klippel C R C - S p a t i a l I n f o r m a t i o principles that allow us to define what makes route directions cognitively ergonomic, technical aspects for cognitively ergonomic route directions (Denis, 1997; Lovelace, Hegarty, & Montello, 1999; Tversky & Lee, 1999

  9. NATIONALSCIENCE FOUNDATION 4201 WILSON BOULEVARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Chris I.

    NATIONALSCIENCE FOUNDATION 4201 WILSON BOULEVARD ARLINGTON, VIRGINIA 22230 January 29,2007 OFFICE Institutes of Health (NIH) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) have agreed upon the following Deputy Director National Institutes of Health National ScienceFoundation #12;

  10. UW-Stout REU Dr. Alexander

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    as Senior Staff Scientist at Science Applications International Corporation #12;UW-Stout REU Dr. AlexanderUW-Stout REU Dr. Alexander Basyrov, Dr. Seth Dutter, Dr. Matthew Horak, Dr. Keith Wojciechowski UW-Stout Mathematics REU Complex Analysis Numerical Methods for PDEs Algebraic Geometry Project Geometric Group Theory

  11. Alexander Dane | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energyon ArmedWaste andAccess to OUO Access to OUOAlaska Feature Articles andAlaskaAlexander

  12. Note Date Preliminary Title Speaker Institution Email Contact Aug 29, 2012 The Discovery of the Higgs Boson Jim Alexander Cornell jim.alexander@cornell.edu Napolitano

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varela, Carlos

    of the Higgs Boson Jim Alexander Cornell jim.alexander@cornell.edu Napolitano JN Away Sep 5, 2012 Live 3D

  13. Title: Robot Arm Demonstration Supervisor: Alexander Frster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krause, Rolf

    UROP 2009 Title: Robot Arm Demonstration Supervisor: Alexander Förster Sponsor: Luca Gambardella / UROP Keywords: programming language C++, Qt-framework, Katana robot arm, computer vision Prerequisites based controlled robot arm. The computer vision system has to detect the position and orientation

  14. Alexander N. Gorban' Professor and Deputy Director,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gorban, Alexander N.

    , Krasnoyarsk, Russia Assoc. Mem. ASME Alexander M. Gorlov Professor Emeritus, Hydro-Pneumatic Power Laboratory, and rivers without dams. Knowledge of turbine efficiency limits helps to optimize design of hydro and wind Efficiency for Free Fluid Flow An accurate estimate of the theoretical power limit of turbines in free fluid

  15. Kenneth Wilson and lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ukawa, Akira

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the physics and computation of lattice QCD, a space-time lattice formulation of quantum chromodynamics, and Kenneth Wilson's seminal role in its development. We start with the fundamental issue of confinement of quarks in the theory of the strong interactions, and discuss how lattice QCD provides a framework for understanding this phenomenon. A conceptual issue with lattice QCD is a conflict of space-time lattice with chiral symmetry of quarks. We discuss how this problem is resolved. Since lattice QCD is a non-linear quantum dynamical system with infinite degrees of freedom, quantities which are analytically calculable are limited. On the other hand, it provides an ideal case of massively parallel numerical computations. We review the long and distinguished history of parallel-architecture supercomputers designed and built for lattice QCD. We discuss algorithmic developments, in particular the difficulties posed by the fermionic nature of quarks, and their resolution. The triad of efforts toward b...

  16. E-Print Network 3.0 - alexander ryabchikov harri Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Harry Enke Dr. Peter Gallagher Dr. Norbert Jakowski Dr. Matthias Hoeft Dr. Alexander... Vogt Dr. Alexander Warmuth Univ. Glasgow Univ. Manchester AIP Univ. Glasgow BAS, Sofia...

  17. Alexander Egyed ........................................................Curriculum Vitae................................................................Page 1 of 26 Curriculum Vitae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egyed, Alexander

    Alexander Egyed ........................................................Curriculum Vitae................................................................Page 1 of 26 Curriculum Vitae Prof. Dr. Alexander Egyed Mail: Johannes Kepler University, Altenbergerstr ........................................................Curriculum Vitae................................................................Page 2 of 26 Experience

  18. Energy Secretary Moniz, Senator Alexander, other Members of Congress...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    WASHINGTON-On Friday, November 13, Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz will join Senator Lamar Alexander of Tennessee and Representatives Eric Swalwell, Dan Lipinski, Chuck...

  19. B : Bayesian Circuit Analysis by Michel Wilson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuzmanov, Georgi

    ://ftp.arl.army.mil/~mike/comphist. #12;B : Bayesian Circuit Analysis by Topology Author: Michel Wilson Student id: Email: michel obtained. esis Committee: Chair: Prof. Dr. Ir. A.J.C. van Gemund, Faculty EEMCS, TU Del University

  20. Kenneth Wilson and lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akira Ukawa

    2015-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the physics and computation of lattice QCD, a space-time lattice formulation of quantum chromodynamics, and Kenneth Wilson's seminal role in its development. We start with the fundamental issue of confinement of quarks in the theory of the strong interactions, and discuss how lattice QCD provides a framework for understanding this phenomenon. A conceptual issue with lattice QCD is a conflict of space-time lattice with chiral symmetry of quarks. We discuss how this problem is resolved. Since lattice QCD is a non-linear quantum dynamical system with infinite degrees of freedom, quantities which are analytically calculable are limited. On the other hand, it provides an ideal case of massively parallel numerical computations. We review the long and distinguished history of parallel-architecture supercomputers designed and built for lattice QCD. We discuss algorithmic developments, in particular the difficulties posed by the fermionic nature of quarks, and their resolution. The triad of efforts toward better understanding of physics, better algorithms, and more powerful supercomputers have produced major breakthroughs in our understanding of the strong interactions. We review the salient results of this effort in understanding the hadron spectrum, the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix elements and CP violation, and quark-gluon plasma at high temperatures. We conclude with a brief summary and a future perspective.

  1. Alexander Hinneburg Aufgabe 5.1.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hinneburg, Alexander

    Übung 5 Alexander Hinneburg #12;Aufgabe 5.1.1 # die Dateien ALL_AML_gcol.test.join.csv ALL_AML_gcol.train.join.csv aus der # letzten Uebung sind im akt. Verzeichnis, ebenso transpose.awk rm all_t.txt aml_t.txt gene_names.txt all_s2n.txt aml_s2n.txt cat ALL_AML_gcol.train.join.csv | gawk -f s2n_t.awk # all_t.txt all_t.txt all_s

  2. Morris, Alexander From: DOECMS-Support

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment SurfacesResource ProgramModification andinterface1 E n e r2Adsorption ofAlexander

  3. Alexander, Arkansas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 SouthWaterBrasilInformation 5-01AlchemInformationAlexander,

  4. Economics Advisor: Jill Wilson | 801-581-7481

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    Economics Advisor: Jill Wilson | 801-581-7481 jill.wilson@economics.utah.edu All courses must. Consult the advisor or the general catalog for the list of qualifying elective courses. ECON 4010

  5. Fractal Interrelationships in Field and Seismic Data Thomas H. Wilson (wilson @wvugeo.wvnet.edu; 304-293-5603)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Thomas H.

    Fractal Interrelationships in Field and Seismic Data Thomas H. Wilson (wilson @wvugeo Size scaling interrelationships are evaluated in this study using a fractal model. Fractal models relief, drainage, topographic relief and active fault patterns. The fractal properties of structural

  6. Roberta S. Matthews for the Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, Richard - Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Missouri

    Roberta S. Matthews for the Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation College Readiness: The Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation Street address: 5 Vaughn Drive, Suite 300 | Princeton, NJ: The Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation, 2010. Inquiries: Email: earlycollege@woodrow.org Telephone

  7. Authors: Mr Peter Wilson Approved By: PME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    for approving, monitoring and reviewing personal data processing agreements #12;Authors: Mr Peter Wilson Approved By: PME Date: 23 April 2009 Version: 1.0 2 Personal data processing by external suppliers, contractors, agents and partners Policy and Procedure for approving, monitoring and reviewing personal data

  8. A Study of Networking Software Induced Latency Alexander Beifu1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carle, Georg

    A Study of Networking Software Induced Latency Alexander BeifuÃ?1 , Daniel Raumer2 , Paul Emmerich2, Emmerich et al. [16] described practical know-how on throughput measurement of Open vSwitch in which

  9. Improving Web Site Security with Data Flow Alexander Siumann Yip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gummadi, Ramakrishna

    Improving Web Site Security with Data Flow Management by Alexander Siumann Yip S.B., Computer by . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Terry P. Orlando Chair, Department Committee on Graduate Students #12;2 #12;Improving Web Site Security

  10. Alexander Felfernig & Gerald Steinbauer Institute for Software Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    bottleneck ** end user programming environments #12;Alexander Felfernig & Gerald Steinbauer Institute-Knowledge: knowledge about knowledge, e.g., p(type(X,car) producer(X,BMW)) = 0.001 Declarative vs. procedural

  11. OoEr

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$0.C. 20545 OCT 28 1% - :NEW;ORAU 89/K-79OoEr 1325.8

  12. ADHM Revisited: Instantons and Wilson Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Tong; Kenny Wong

    2014-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We revisit the well-studied D0-D4 system of D-branes and its relationship to the ADHM construction. It is well known that the D0-branes appear as instantons in the D4-brane worldvolume. We add a Wilson line to the D4-brane in the guise of an extended fundamental string and determine how this affects the D0-brane dynamics. As the D0-brane moves in the presence of the Wilson line, it experiences a Lorentz force, proportional to its Yang-Mills gauge connection. From the perspective of the D0-brane quantum mechanics, this force emerges through the ADHM construction of the self-dual gauge connection.

  13. GPU-ABiSort: Optimal Parallel Sorting on Stream Architectures Alexander Gre1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behnke, Sven

    GPU-ABiSort: Optimal Parallel Sorting on Stream Architectures Alexander GreÃ?1 and Gabriel Zachmann2

  14. Estrogen receptor alpha 36 (ER-36) and other novel spliced ERs are widely expressed in ER-66-negative breast tumors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of ER are examined using qPCR in ER-negative cell lines MCF7 MDA-MB-231 SKBR3 MCF7/218 (MC-20)(F-10-66-neagtive SKBR3 cells and ER-66-positive MCF7/218cells. A novel spliced form of ER is detected by WB using anti-ER(MC-20) antibody in ER-66- negative MDA-MB-231 and SKBR3 cell lines. 4. A novel

  15. Protein folding in the ER.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stevens, F. J.; Argon, Y.; Biosciences Division; Univ. of Chicago

    1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a major protein folding compartment for secreted, plasma membrane and organelle proteins. Each of these newly-synthesized polypeptides folds in a deterministic process, affected by the unique conditions that exist in the ER. An understanding of protein folding in the ER is a fundamental biomolecular challenge at two levels. The first level addresses how the amino acid sequence programs that polypeptide to efficiently arrive at a particular fold out of a multitude of alternatives, and how different sequences obtain similar folds. At the second level are the issues introduced by folding not in the cytosol, but in the ER, including the risk of aggregation in a molecularly crowded environment, accommodation of post-translational modifications and the compatibility with subsequent intracellular trafficking. This review discusses both the physicochemical and cell biological constraints of folding, which are the challenges that the ER molecular chaperones help overcome.

  16. Wilson Wong The University of Western Australia, Australia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammerton, James

    Wilson Wong The University of Western Australia, Australia Wei Liu The University of Western Australia, Australia Mohammed Bennamoun The University of Western Australia, Australia Ontology Learning

  17. ENGINEER MEMOIRS LIEUTENANT GENERAL WALTER K. WILSON, JR., USA, RETIRED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    went to Mobile as District Engineer in 1949. This was his first experience with a heavy workload in both civil works and military construction. Wilson left Mobile for a brief term as South Atlantic managing projects for the Air Force. General Wilson was Deputy Chief of Engineers for Construction

  18. NLO evolution of 3-quark Wilson loop operator

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Balitsky, Ian [ODU, JLAB; Grabovsky, A V [Novosibirsk

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is well known that high-energy scattering of a meson from some hadronic target can be described by the interaction of that target with a color dipole formed by two Wilson lines corresponding to fast quark-antiquark pair. Moreover, the energy dependence of the scattering amplitude is governed by the evolution equation of this color dipole with respect to rapidity. Similarly, the energy dependence of scattering of a baryon can be described in terms of evolution of a three-Wilson-lines operator with respect to the rapidity of the Wilson lines. We calculate the evolution of the 3-quark Wilson loop operator in the next-to-leading order (NLO) and present a quasi-conformal evolution equation for a composite 3-Wilson-lines operator. We also obtain the linearized version of that evolution equation describing the amplitude of the odderon exchange at high energies.

  19. Distributed Usage Control Alexander Pretschner, Manuel Hilty, David Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basin, David

    Distributed Usage Control Alexander Pretschner, Manuel Hilty, David Basin 1 Introduction Computer to potentially uncontrolled distribution. These technologies improve, for the most part, the quality of our lives technical challenges here are controlling data access and usage. While the fundamentals of access control

  20. Alexander Rosenberg The R. Taylor Cole Professor of Philosophy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, David

    Alexander Rosenberg The R. Taylor Cole Professor of Philosophy Department of Philosophy Duke of Philosophy, Dalhousie University 1975 Visiting Assistant Professor, Fellow of the Center for Philosophy of Science, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities 1976-81 Associate Professor of Philosophy and Social Science

  1. Shapes of geodesic nets. Alexander Nabutovsky and Regina Rotman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nabutovsky, Alexander

    Shapes of geodesic nets. Alexander Nabutovsky and Regina Rotman August 14, 2006 Abstract Let M n infinitely many geometrically distinct geodesic nets on this manifold. We will also show that either the length of a shortest pe­ riodic geodesic is bounded in terms of the volume of a manifold M n

  2. Helical Turbine and Fish Safety By Alexander Gorlov, August, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gorban, Alexander N.

    1 Helical Turbine and Fish Safety By Alexander Gorlov, August, 2010 Abstract The objective of this paper is to describe research using the Helical Turbine for hydropower with particular focus on fish). Correspondingly, the following two conclusions are formulated. Probability of fish kill by kinetic turbines

  3. SMITH INVARIANTS AND DUAL GRADED GRAPHS ALEXANDER MILLER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinberger, Hans

    SMITH INVARIANTS AND DUAL GRADED GRAPHS ALEXANDER MILLER Abstract. The aim of this paper the Smith invariants immediately, as the eigenvalues are completely understood [3, 15]. Furthermore, we. Background 1 1.1. Differential posets 1 1.2. Eigenvalues 3 1.3. Smith invariants 3 2. Conjecture for r

  4. Harmonic moment dynamics in Laplacian growth Alexander Leshchiner,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin. University of

    Harmonic moment dynamics in Laplacian growth Alexander Leshchiner,1 Matthew Thrasher,1 Mark B received 12 November 2009; published 12 January 2010 Harmonic moments are integrals of integer powers of z horizontal closely spaced plates. Harmonic moments are a natural basis for such Laplacian growth phenomena

  5. Code Versioning in a Work ow Management P. Alexander Rolfe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Engineering in Computer Science and Engineering Abstract Work ow systems implement process de#12;nitionsCode Versioning in a Work ow Management System by P. Alexander Rolfe Submitted to the Department by . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Arthur C. Smith Chairman, Department Committee on Graduate Students #12; 2 #12; Code Versioning in a Work

  6. Introduction to Compact Riemann Surfaces Alexander I. Bobenko

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bobenko, Alexander I.

    1 Introduction to Compact Riemann Surfaces Alexander I. Bobenko Institut f¨ur Mathematik more self contained. In particular we will deal with classical descriptions of Riemann surfaces, and uniformization techniques. Motivated by the concrete point of view on Riemann surfaces of this book we choose

  7. Venus: Verification for Untrusted Cloud Storage Alexander Shraer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keidar, Idit

    Venus: Verification for Untrusted Cloud Storage Alexander Shraer Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Switzerland cca@zurich.ibm.com Asaf Cidon Dept. of Electrical Engineering Technion, Haifa, Israel asaf@cidon.com Idit Keidar Dept. of Electrical Engineering Technion, Haifa, Israel idish@ee.technion.ac.il Yan

  8. On Extremes and Crashes Alexander J. McNeil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeil, Alexander J.

    to withstand extreme winds or extreme water levels. The 50­year return level is a level which, on averageOn Extremes and Crashes Alexander J. McNeil Departement Mathematik ETH Zentrum CH­8092 Z¨urich Tel in extreme value theory as part of his mathematics degree. He therefore decides to undertake an analysis

  9. On Extremes and Crashes Alexander J. McNeil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeil, Alexander J.

    extreme winds or extreme water levels. The 50-year return level is a level which, on average, should onlyOn Extremes and Crashes Alexander J. McNeil Departement Mathematik ETH Zentrum CH-8092 Zurich Tel in extreme value theory as part of his mathematics degree. He therefore decides to undertake an analysis

  10. ABJ Fractional Brane from ABJM Wilson Loop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sho Matsumoto; Sanefumi Moriyama

    2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a new Fermi gas formalism for the ABJ matrix model. This formulation identifies the effect of the fractional M2-brane in the ABJ matrix model as that of a composite Wilson loop operator in the corresponding ABJM matrix model. Using this formalism, we study the phase part of the ABJ partition function numerically and find a simple expression for it. We further compute a few exact values of the partition function at some coupling constants. Fitting these exact values against the expected form of the grand potential, we can determine the grand potential with exact coefficients. The results at various coupling constants enable us to conjecture an explicit form of the grand potential for general coupling constants. The part of the conjectured grand potential from the perturbative sum, worldsheet instantons and bound states is regarded as a natural generalization of that in the ABJM matrix model, though the membrane instanton part contains a new contribution.

  11. Pair Correlation Function of Wilson Loops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Chaudhuri; Y. Chen; E. Novak

    2000-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We give a path integral prescription for the pair correlation function of Wilson loops lying in the worldvolume of Dbranes in the bosonic open and closed string theory. The results can be applied both in ordinary flat spacetime in the critical dimension d or in the presence of a generic background for the Liouville field. We compute the potential between heavy nonrelativistic sources in an abelian gauge theory in relative collinear motion with velocity v = tanh(u), probing length scales down to r_min^2 = 2 \\pi \\alpha' u. We predict a universal -(d-2)/r static interaction at short distances. We show that the velocity dependent corrections to the short distance potential in the bosonic string take the form of an infinite power series in the dimensionless variables z = r_min^2/r^2, uz/\\pi, and u^2.

  12. Bob Wilson and The Birth of Fermilab

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Edwin L. Goldwasser

    2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    In the 1960?s the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (then The Lawrence Radiation Laboratory) submitted two proposals to build the next high energy physics research laboratory. The first included a 200 GeV accelerator and associated experimental facilities. The cost was $350 million. The Bureau of the Budget rejected that proposal as a ?budget buster?. It ruled that $250 million was the maximum that could be accepted. The second proposal was for a reduced scope laboratory that met the Bureau of the Budget?s cost limitation, but it was for a lower energy accelerator and somewhat smaller and fewer experimental facilities. The powerful Congressional Joint Committee on Atomic Energy rejected the reduced scope proposal as inadequate to provide physics results of sufficient interest to justify the cost. It was then that Bob Wilson came forth with a third proposal, coping with that ?Catch 22? and leading to the creation of Fermilab. How he did it will be the subject of this colloquium.

  13. Trivializing maps, the Wilson flow and the HMC algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin Lüscher

    2009-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In lattice gauge theory, there exist field transformations that map the theory to the trivial one, where the basic field variables are completely decoupled from one another. Such maps can be constructed systematically by integrating certain flow equations in field space. The construction is worked out in some detail and it is proposed to combine the Wilson flow (which generates approximately trivializing maps for the Wilson gauge action) with the HMC simulation algorithm in order to improve the efficiency of lattice QCD simulations.

  14. E-Print Network 3.0 - alexander graf michael Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Menger, Michael Rbe, Christian Graf... - Philosophische Fakultt II Stimmenzahl: Vogt, Jennifer 46 Marth, Alexander-Michael 6 Leiner Rivera, Ana Laura 11... Menger,...

  15. E-Print Network 3.0 - alexander von humboldt Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Information Summary: initiatives I. Programme Every year, the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation grants up to three Humboldt Alumni... . The award is designed to promote initiatives...

  16. Wintersemester 2005/06 Alexander Hinneburg Martin-Luther-Universitt Halle-Wittenberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hinneburg, Alexander

    : Klassenwahrscheinlichkeit log P 1- P = w0a0 + w1a1 + w2a2 +K+ wkak #12;Wintersemester 2005/06 Alexander Hinneburg

  17. BIOENERGI ER BLEVET MODERNE 4DECEMBER 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at bruge biomasse til energi. Opfyring med brænde og opvarmning med halmfyr eller biogas er kendte, biogas og bioethanol. Bioenergi er den eneste vedvarende energikilde, der findes i fast, flydende og

  18. Energy and Society ER100/PPC184/ER200/PPC284, Fall 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    of the process. If the article comes from New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Economist, Time, etc Timeliness1 Energy and Society ER100/PPC184/ER200/PPC284, Fall 2014 Problem Set #2 Total Points: 100 for ER100/PPC184 120 for ER200/PPC284 Topics covered: Energy and development, Combustion, Exponential growth

  19. af biobraendsler er: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Society (ER100PP184ER200PP284) Topics: Personal energy audit, the grid, nuclear, fracking Renewable Energy Websites Summary: Energy and Society (ER100PP184ER200PP284)...

  20. Tank 241-ER-311, grab samples, ER311-98-1, ER311-98-2, ER311-98-3 analytical results for the final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    FULLER, R.K.

    1999-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is the final report for catch tank 241-ER-311 grab samples. Three grab samples ER311-98-1, ER311-98-2 and ER311-98-3 were taken from East riser of tank 241-ER-311 on August 4, 1998 and received by the 222-S Laboratory on August 4, 1998. Analyses were performed in accordance with the Compatibility Grab Sampling and Analysis Plan (TSAP) (Sasaki, 1998)and the Data Quality Objectives for Tank Farms Waste Compatibility Program (DQO) (Mulkey and Miller, 1997). The analytical results are presented in the data summary report (Table 1). No notification limits were exceeded.

  1. Seminar Ad Hoc Networks Welcome! -1 -University of Freiburg Alexander Schtzle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schindelhauer, Christian

    Seminar Ad Hoc Networks Welcome! - 1 - University of Freiburg Alexander Schätzle A Localized Algorithm for Bi-Connectivity of Connected Mobile Robots Ad Hoc Networks- Seminar, WS 08/09 Computer: Alexander Schätzle Freiburg, 25. November 2008 #12;Seminar Ad Hoc Networks Introduction - 2 - University

  2. Energy and Society (ER100/PP184/ER200/PP284) Topics: Personal energy audit, the grid, nuclear, fracking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Energy and Society (ER100/PP184/ER200/PP284) Topics: Personal energy audit, the grid, nuclear and Society (ER100/PP184/ER200/PP284) Topics: Personal energy audit, the grid, nuclear, fracking Due Nov. 7 [ER100/PP184], 120 [ER200/PP284] Personal Energy Audit [40 POINTS TOTAL] How much energy do you

  3. Two-quasiparticle structures and isomers in {sup 168}Er, {sup 170}Er, and {sup 172}Er

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dracoulis, G. D.; Lane, G. J. [Department of Nuclear Physics, R.S.P.E, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Kondev, F. G.; Chiara, C. J. [Nuclear Engineering Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Watanabe, H. [RIKEN Nishina Center, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Seweryniak, D.; Zhu, S.; Carpenter, M. P.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Lauritsen, T.; Lister, C. J.; McCutchan, E. A. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Stefanescu, I. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)

    2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The stable and neutron-rich isotopes {sup 168}Er, {sup 170}Er, and {sup 172}Er have been studied with Gammasphere using inelastic excitation with energetic {sup 136}Xe beams. The previously assigned structures based on the proposed K{sup p}i=4{sup -} isomeric intrinsic states in both {sup 168}Er and {sup 170}Er have been re-evaluated and an equivalent band identified in {sup 172}Er. In {sup 170}Er, the identification of a K{sup p}i=6{sup -} band with transitions close in energy to those of the 4{sup -} band leads to a modified interpretation, since the overlap would have compromised previous analyses. The g{sub K}-g{sub R} values for the 4{sup -} bands deduced from the in-band gamma-ray intensities for the sequence of isotopes suggest a predominantly two-neutron configuration in {sup 168}Er, an equally mixed two-neutron, two-proton configuration in {sup 170}Er, and a two-proton configuration in {sup 172}Er. A comprehensive decay scheme for the previously proposed 6{sup +} isomer in {sup 172}Er has also been established, as well as band structures built on this isomer that closely resemble the 6{sup +} and 7{sup -} two-neutron structures known in the isotone {sup 174}Yb. The implied K hindrances are discussed. The main decay path of the 6{sup +} isomer occurs through the newly identified 4{sup -} isomer. The measured lifetimes of the 4{sup -} and 6{sup +} isomers in {sup 172}Er are 57(3) and 822(90) ns, respectively. Multiquasiparticle calculations support the suggested configuration changes across the isotopic chain.

  4. The Mount Wilson Ca ii K Plage Index Time Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertello, L.; Ulrich, R. K.; Boyden, J. E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    obtained at the 60-foot solar tower, between 1915 and 1985,obtained at the 60-foot solar tower in Mount Wilson betweenfoot so- lar tower at Mount Wilson has provided to the solar

  5. Multi-grid HMC for Ginsparg-Wilson fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nigel Cundy

    2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    I describe a method that places the fermion fields and the gauge fields on different lattice spacings during the Hybrid Monte Carlo generation of Ginsparg-Wilson dynamical ensembles. The idea is motivated by Wilson's formulation of the renormalisation group. After outlining the underlying theory, I describe a method to perform most of the work of the HMC on a coarse lattice, only requiring to convert to and from the fine lattice once for each independent configuration. Because the bulk of the work takes place on the coarse lattice, including the calculation of most observables, this method saves over an order of magnitude in computer time over previous methods.

  6. Rapidity evolution of Wilson lines at the next-to-leading order

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balitsky, Ian [JLAB, Old Dominion U.; Chirilli, Giovanni [LBL

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At high energies particles move very fast so the proper degrees of freedom for the fast gluons moving along the straight lines are Wilson-line operators - infinite gauge factors ordered along the line. In the framework of operator expansion in Wilson lines the energy dependence of the amplitudes is determined by the rapidity evolution of Wilson lines. We present the next-to-leading order hierarchy of the evolution equations for Wilson-line operators.

  7. Alexander H. Stephens: reluctant secessionist and confederate leader

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owens, James Leggette

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ALEXANDER H. STEPHENS: RELUCTANT SZCLSSIONIST AND CONFEDERATE LEADER A Thesis By JAMES LEGGE~TE OWENS Suos itted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&Z University in par ial i'ul illment o. the requirements fo; thc "'e ace of MASTER...:. , I 8 ily: e. ity--:Crt I is T 0 sne pe 'T orl 0 Tiil. s pr'0 osec ST udy. 111 iv hali' of Vnn Abele's consideration dealt with Stephens' "Union Speerh" before the Georgia Legislattue which called the secession convention. The remaining portion...

  8. Alexander Morris, FOIA Officer United States Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAbout theOFFICE OF RESEARCH ANDCONTACTScmi.ameslab.gov Alexander7, 2010

  9. W. Alexander Williams, Ph.D Designation and Certification Manager

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$0.C. 20545 OCTTO:March 20, 1995 W. Alexander

  10. Wilson lines and gauge invariant off-shell amplitudes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piotr Kotko

    2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We study matrix elements of Fourier-transformed straight infinite Wilson lines as a way to calculate gauge invariant tree-level amplitudes with off-shell gluons. The off-shell gluons are assigned "polarization vectors" which (in the Feynman gauge) are transverse to their off-shell momenta and define the direction of the corresponding Wilson line operators. The infinite Wilson lines are first regularized to prove the correctness of the method. We have implemented the method in a computer FORM program that can calculate gluonic matrix elements of Wilson line operators automatically. In addition we formulate the Feynman rules that are convenient in certain applications, e.g. proving the Ward identities. Using both the program and the Feynman rules we calculate a few examples, in particular the matrix elements corresponding to gauge invariant $g^{*}g^{*}g^{*}g$ and $g^{*}g^{*}g^{*}g^{*}g$ processes. An immediate application of the approach is in the high energy scattering, as in a special kinematic setup our results reduce to the form directly related to Lipatov's vertices. Thus the results we present can be directly transformed into Lipatov's vertices, in particular into $RRRP$ and $RRRRP$ vertices with arbitrary "orientation" of reggeized gluons. Since the formulation itself is not restricted to high-energy scattering, we also apply the method to a decomposition of an ordinary on-shell amplitude into a set of gauge invariant objects.

  11. Waste incinerator to be built on campus By GAVIN WILSON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Anthony P.

    I::---- - - . . Waste incinerator to be built on campus ~~~ By GAVIN WILSON UBC hasapplied streaming of other waste products." The incinerators will be used to dispose of waste solvents and bio. "It is the sensible thing to bring these materials to UBC rather than building three incinerators

  12. P700-96-006 Pete Wilson, Governor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GUIDEPLANNING S TATE OF CALIFORNI A ENERGY COMMISSION #12;Charles R. Imbrecht, Chairman Sally Rakow, Vice ChairCALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION P700-96-006 Pete Wilson, Governor ENERGY AWARE ENERGY FACILITIES COMMISSIONERS Michal Moore David A. Rohy Jananne Sharpless Stephen Rhoads, Executive Director ENERGY FACILITIES

  13. Extended Response to Weir and Smith Sven E. Wilson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, Tony R.

    Extended Response to Weir and Smith Sven E. Wilson Brigham Young University Benjamin L. Howell University Phone: (801) 422-9018 Email: sven@byu.edu #12;2 Abstract Evidence provided by Weir and Smith and a variety of regression models (including that of Weir and Smith). In particular, our pooled regression

  14. For the mathematically accident prone student W Stephen Wilson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, W. Stephen

    For the mathematically accident prone student by W Stephen Wilson Many students make the claim answers, whatever the reason for the incorrect answer. Students who are accident prone in mathematics. This is generally good advice for anyone, not just the accident prone. As problems get more and more complicated

  15. Solstrling er temaet i denne boka. Alt liv er avhengig av solstrling sola gir liv, og sola er

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahay, Sundeep

    #12;Solstråling er temaet i denne boka. Alt liv er avhengig av solstråling ­ sola gir liv, og sola solstrålingens betydning for vår helse og gi en naturfaglig bakgrunn for hvordan en bør styre sine solvaner. Sola de viktigste, og at det innebærer en større risiko hvis en ikke lar sola skinne på kroppen. I

  16. Energy and Society (ER100/PP184/ER200/PP284) Topics: PV, Wind, environmental justice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Energy and Society (ER100/PP184/ER200/PP284) Topics: PV, Wind, environmental justice Due Nov. 21 [ER200/PP284] - 1 - 1. Comparing PV costs across the US [24 points] In this question we are going to compare the costs of generating electricity using solar energy in different parts of the United States. a

  17. Ternary Dy-Er-Al magnetic refrigerants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gschneidner, K.A. Jr.; Takeya, Hiroyuki

    1995-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A ternary magnetic refrigerant material comprising (Dy{sub 1{minus}x}Er{sub x})Al{sub 2} for a magnetic refrigerator using the Joule-Brayton thermodynamic cycle spanning a temperature range from about 60K to about 10K, which can be adjusted by changing the Dy to Er ratio of the refrigerant. 29 figs.

  18. Ternary Dy-Er-Al magnetic refrigerants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gschneidner, Jr., Karl A. (Ames, IA); Takeya, Hiroyuki (Ibaraki, JP)

    1995-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A ternary magnetic refrigerant material comprising (Dy.sub.1-x Er.sub.x)Al.sub.2 for a magnetic refrigerator using the Joule-Brayton thermodynamic cycle spanning a temperature range from about 60K to about 10K, which can be adjusted by changing the Dy to Er ratio of the refrigerant.

  19. Energy and Society (ER100/PP184/ER200/PP284) Topics: Personal energy audit, nuclear, fracking, LCA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Energy and Society (ER100/PP184/ER200/PP284) Topics: Personal energy audit, nuclear, fracking, LCA and Society (ER100/PP184/ER200/PP284) Topics: Personal energy audit, nuclear, fracking, LCA Due Nov. 6100/PP184], 105 [ER200/PP284] Personal Energy Audit [40 POINTS TOTAL] How much energy do you consume

  20. Simulating Conceptually-Guided Perceptual Learning Alexander Gerganov (agerganov@cogs.nbu.bg)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstone, Robert

    Simulating Conceptually-Guided Perceptual Learning Alexander Gerganov (agerganov for conceptual influences on perceptual learning. Computational modeling is often used to simulate perceptual are often derived from simulations. Models of perceptual learning, however, rarely try to account

  1. From Alexander von Humboldt to Charles Darwin: Evolution in Observation and Interpretation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baron, Frank

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    “From Alexander von Humboldt to Charles Darwin: Evolution in Observation and Interpretation.” Internet Zeitschrift für Kulturwissensdhaften, 17. Nr. February 2010. http://www.inst.at/trans/17Nr/7-8/7-8_baron17.htm. Publisher’s official version... citation: “From Alexander von Humboldt to Charles Darwin: Evolution in Observation and Interpretation.” Internet Zeitschrift für Kulturwissensdhaften, 17. Nr. February 2010. http://www.inst.at/trans/17Nr/7-8/7- 8_baron17.htm Text of paper: From...

  2. Characterization of the ER stress checkpoint in mammalian cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Meifan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    role in oxidative protein folding in the endoplasmiccellular demand for protein folding and ER capacity has beenlipids. To ensure proper protein folding within the ER, the

  3. Higher rank Wilson loops from a matrix model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sean A. Hartnoll; S. Prem Kumar

    2006-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We compute the circular Wilson loop of N=4 SYM theory at large N in the rank k symmetric and antisymmetric tensor representations. Using a quadratic Hermitian matrix model we obtain expressions for all values of the 't Hooft coupling. At large and small couplings we give explicit formulae and reproduce supergravity results from both D3 and D5 branes within a systematic framework.

  4. An ab initio-based Er–He interatomic potential in hcp Er

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Li; ye, Yeting; Fan, K. M.; Shen, Huahai; Peng, Shuming; Long, XG; Zhou, X. S.; Zu, Xiaotao; Gao, Fei

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have developed an empirical erbium-helium (Er-He) potential by fitting to the results calculated from ab initio method. Based on the electronic hybridization between Er and He atoms, an s-band model, along with a repulsive pair potential, has been derived to describe the Er-He interaction. The atomic configurations and the formation energies of single He defects, small He interstitial clusters (Hen) and He-vacancy (HenV ) clusters obtained by ab initio calculations are used as the fitting database. The binding energies and relative stabilities of the HnVm clusters are studied by the present potential and compared with the ab initio calculations. The Er-He potential is also applied to study the migration of He in hcp-Er at different temperatures, and He clustering is found to occur at 600 K in hcp Er crystal, which may be due to the anisotropic migration behavior of He interstitials.

  5. Model for random packing of polydisperse frictionless spheres Eric I. Corwin, Maxime Clusel,x Alexander O. N. Siemens{ and Jasna Brujic*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ,x Alexander O. N. Siemens{ and Jasna Brujic* Received 15th January 2010, Accepted 29th March 2010 First

  6. Revisiting Alexander von Humboldt's Initiation of Rock Coating Research Author(s): Ronald I. Dorn, David H. Krinsley, Jeffrey Ditto

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorn, Ron

    Revisiting Alexander von Humboldt's Initiation of Rock Coating Research Author(s): Ronald I. Dorn, David H. Krinsley, Jeffrey Ditto Reviewed work(s): Source: The Journal of Geology, Vol. 120, No. 1 Revisiting Alexander von Humboldt's Initiation of Rock Coating Research Ronald I. Dorn,1, * David H. Krinsley

  7. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Wilson Warehouse - NY 64

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou areDowntown Site -Miami -NewPlant - PANavalWilson

  8. City of Wilson, North Carolina (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:Energy NebraskaStanhope, Iowa (UtilityWaseca,Westerville,Wilson, North Carolina

  9. ARM CLASIC ER2 CRS/EDOP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerald Heymsfield

    2010-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Data was taken with the NASA ER-2 aircraft with the Cloud Radar System and other instruments in conjunction with the DOE ARM CLASIC field campaign. The flights were near the SGP site in north Central Oklahoma and targeted small developing convection. The CRS is a 94 GHz nadir pointing Doppler radar. Also on board the ER-2 was the Cloud Physics Lidar (CPL). Seven science flights were conducted but the weather conditions did not cooperate in that there was neither developing convection, or there was heavy rain.

  10. Low temperature properties of some Er-rich intermetallic compounds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K.A. Gshneidner,jr; A.O. Pecharsky; L.Hale; V.K. Pecharsky

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The low temperature volumetric heat capacity ({approx}3.5 to 350 K) and magnetic susceptibility ({approx}4 to 320 K) of Er{sub 3}Rh, Er{sub 3}Ir, Er{sub 3}Pt, Er{sub 2}Al, and Er{sub 2}Sn have been measured. All of the compounds order antiferromagnetically (or ferrimagnetically), and most exhibit more than one magnetic ordering transition. The volumetric heat capacities in general are smaller than those of the prototype magnetic regenerator materials, except for Er{sub 3}Ir in the 12 to 14 K temperature range.

  11. DOE/ER-0214 February 1985

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DOE/ER-0214 Magnetic Program Fusion Plan February 1985 U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Research Washington, D.C. 20585 #12;U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Energy Research February 1985, available resources, and the nation's need for future energy sources. #12;PREFACE During the past few years

  12. Kenya (Rpublique du) Admission 1 er

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montréal, Université de

    2014-04-14 Kenya (République du) Admission 1 er cycle Programmes à capacité d'accueil limitée : complément d'informations Seuils requis selon les programmes Détails sur le test Kenya Certificate

  13. Unique ER Cistromes Control Cell Type-Specific Gene Regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Myles

    -specific E2 regulation of gene expression in MCF7 and U2OS- ER cells, we compared the ER binding sites on DNA a critical role in defining the ER cistrome in MCF7 cells, it is not expressed in U2OS-ER cells, and forkhead-specific effects, however, remains to be explained. We have compared the gene expres- sion profile of the MCF7

  14. A review of "The Urban Development of Rome in the Age of Alexander VII." by Dorothy Habel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philip Gavitt

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    brings genuine order to Alexander?s ?fugitive? vision by organizing the book by site (in the case of the Corso, the author devotes a chapter to each end of it), and within each site, exploring as much as is known about its pre-Alexandrine topographical... of Alexander VII. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. xxi + 223 illus. + 400 pp. $95.00. Review by PHILIP GAVITT, SAINT LOUIS UNIVERSITY. This carefully crafted and meticulously-written book assembles a wealth of visual and documentary evidence...

  15. DeepPose: Human Pose Estimation via Deep Neural Networks Alexander Toshev

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomkins, Andrew

    benchmarks of diverse real-world images. 1. Introduction The problem of human pose estimation, defined-world problems. In this work we ascribe to this holistic view of human pose estimation. We capitalize on recentDeepPose: Human Pose Estimation via Deep Neural Networks Alexander Toshev toshev@google.com Google

  16. Elevated Frequency of Cataracts in Birds from Chernobyl Timothy Alexander Mousseau1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mousseau, Timothy A.

    Elevated Frequency of Cataracts in Birds from Chernobyl Timothy Alexander Mousseau1 , Anders Pape typical of cataracts in more than 1100 free-living birds in the Chernobyl region in relation to background Chernobyl. PLoS ONE 8(7): e66939. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0066939 Editor: Jordi Moya-Larano, Estacion

  17. Modeling Coulombic failure of sea ice with leads Alexander V. Wilchinsky1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feltham, Daniel

    Modeling Coulombic failure of sea ice with leads Alexander V. Wilchinsky1 and Daniel L. Feltham1 ice failure under lowconfinement compression is modeled with a linear Coulombic criterion that can of anisotropy we consider a simplified anisotropic sea ice model where the sea ice thickness depends

  18. Nanotube Optoelectronic Memory Alexander Star,*, Yu Lu, Keith Bradley, and George Gru1ner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruner, George

    Nanotube Optoelectronic Memory Devices Alexander Star,*, Yu Lu, Keith Bradley, and George Gru1ner to fabricate an optoelectronic memory device. Electric charges are created upon optical illumination the fabrication and study of carbon nanotube optoelectronic memory devices. This functional assembly combines

  19. Hoja de vida de Alexander Berenstein Fecha y lugar de nacimiento: enero 16, 1973, Bogota, Colombia.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferri, Stefano

    Hoja de vida de Alexander Berenstein Fecha y lugar de nacimiento: enero 16, 1973, Bogot´a, Colombia asistente, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogot´a. Miembro de asociaciones cient´ificas: american-algebra of compact operators, Bogot´a Meeting in Model Theory, Bogot´a, Colombia, diciembre 2001. [2] Non dividing

  20. Total energy evaluation in the Strutinsky shell correction method Baojing Zhou and Yan Alexander Wanga

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yan Alexander

    Total energy evaluation in the Strutinsky shell correction method Baojing Zhou and Yan Alexander February 2007; accepted 12 June 2007; published online 10 August 2007 We analyze the total energy evaluation in the Strutinsky shell correction method SCM of Ullmo et al. Phys. Rev. B 63, 125339 2001 , where

  1. Testing a Flexible Method to Reduce False Monsoon Mathew Alexander Stiller-Reeve1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

    Testing a Flexible Method to Reduce False Monsoon Onsets Mathew Alexander Stiller-Reeve1-based adaptations. Citation: Stiller-Reeve MA, Spengler T, Chu P-S (2014) Testing a Flexible Method to Reduce False Copyright: Ã? 2014 Stiller-Reeve et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms

  2. GRAVITY WAVE DYNAMICS AND EFFECTS IN THE MIDDLE David C. Fritts and M. Joan Alexander

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, M. Joan

    GRAVITY WAVE DYNAMICS AND EFFECTS IN THE MIDDLE ATMOSPHERE David C. Fritts and M. Joan Alexander gravity waves have been a subject of intense research activity in recent years because of their myriad. Theoretical, numerical, and observational studies have advanced our understanding of gravity waves on many

  3. A precursor in waterhammer analysis rediscovering Johannes Arris S Tijsseling Alexander Anderson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    A precursor in waterhammer analysis ­ rediscovering Johannes von Kries Arris S Tijsseling Alexander of waterhammer in a study of blood flow in arteries. He derived the "Joukowsky formula" before Joukowsky (1898 hoses. In 1892 he published the first textbook describing "classical" waterhammer. It presents formulas

  4. APPROXIMATELY OPTIMAL ASSIGNMENT FOR UNEQUAL LOSS Alexander E. Mohr, Richard E. Ladner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    of a utility function over that data. After discussing network loss estimation, Reed­ Solomon codes are brieflyAPPROXIMATELY OPTIMAL ASSIGNMENT FOR UNEQUAL LOSS PROTECTION Alexander E. Mohr, Richard E. Ladner­2350 Eve A. Riskin Box 352500 Department of Electrical Engr. University of Washington Seattle, WA 98195

  5. APPROXIMATELY OPTIMAL ASSIGNMENT FOR UNEQUAL LOSS Alexander E. Mohr, Richard E. Ladner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohr, Alexander E.

    of a utility function over that data. After discussing network loss estimation, Reed- Solomon codes are brieflyAPPROXIMATELY OPTIMAL ASSIGNMENT FOR UNEQUAL LOSS PROTECTION Alexander E. Mohr, Richard E. Ladner-2350 Eve A. Riskin Box 352500 Department of Electrical Engr. University of Washington Seattle, WA 98195

  6. Alexander M. Gorlov, PhD, PE is a Professor Emeritus & Director of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gorban, Alexander N.

    Alexander M. Gorlov, PhD, PE is a Professor Emeritus & Director of Hydro-Pneumatic Power Laboratory AWARD by ASME for Invention of the Helical Turbine. Also, he was nominated for the 2001 LEMELSON Power Co., Central Maine Power Co., WHOI (Woods Hole Oceanography Institute) INTERNATIONAL Engineering

  7. Meteorologically driven trends in sea level rise Alexander S. Kolker1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hameed, Sultan

    Meteorologically driven trends in sea level rise Alexander S. Kolker1 and Sultan Hameed2 Received] Determining the rate of global sea level rise (GSLR) during the past century is critical to understanding a suite of coastal oceanographic processes. These findings reduce variability in regional sea level rise

  8. Low-Latency Multi-Datacenter Databases using Replicated Hatem A. Mahmoud, Alexander Pucher, Faisal Nawab,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Low-Latency Multi-Datacenter Databases using Replicated Commits Hatem A. Mahmoud, Alexander Pucher to provide the same ACID transac- tional guarantees for multi-datacenter databases with fewer cross- datacenter communication trips, compared to replicated logging, by using a more efficient architecutre

  9. General Purpose Work Flow Languages Alexander Forst, eva Kuhn and Omran Bukhres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Computer Sciences, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA Abstract. Work flow management requires language support0 General Purpose Work Flow Languages Alexander Forst, eva K¨uhn and Omran Bukhres In: International Journal on Parallel and Distributed Databases, special issue on Software Support for Work Flow

  10. Simulations for Lifelong Learning Gina Cherry, Andri Ioannidou, Cyndi Rader, Cathy Brand, Alexander Repenning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Repenning, Alexander

    Simulations for Lifelong Learning Gina Cherry, Andri Ioannidou, Cyndi Rader, Cathy Brand, Alexander learning. Learning through simulations, either by creating simulations or by exploring existing ones, helps learners develop a deeper understanding of the concepts being simulated. Learning about simulations is also

  11. Stream Restoration in the Upper Midwest, U.S.A. Gretchen G. Alexander1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, David

    Stream Restoration in the Upper Midwest, U.S.A. Gretchen G. Alexander1 and J. David Allan1,2 Abstract Restoration activities intended to improve the condition of streams and rivers are widespread types of activities and their effectiveness. We developed a database of 1,345 stream restoration

  12. New Bounds for MAX-SAT by Clause Learning Alexander S. Kulikov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Bounds for MAX-SAT by Clause Learning Alexander S. Kulikov Konstantin Kutzkov May 3, 2009 c MAX-SAT for formulas with constant clause density; · 2K/6 , where K is the number of clauses, for MAX-2-SAT; · 2N/6.7 for (n, 3)-MAX-2-SAT. All

  13. QCD thermodynamics with continuum extrapolated Wilson fermions II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szabolcs Borsanyi; Stephan Durr; Zoltan Fodor; Christian Holbling; Sandor D. Katz; Stefan Krieg; Daniel Nogradi; Kalman K. Szabo; Balint C. Toth; Norbert Trombitas

    2015-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We continue our investigation of 2+1 flavor QCD thermodynamics using dynamical Wilson fermions in the fixed scale approach. Two additional pion masses, approximately 440 MeV and 285 MeV, are added to our previous work at 545 MeV. The simulations were performed at 3 or 4 lattice spacings at each pion mass. The renormalized chiral condensate, strange quark number susceptibility and Polyakov loop is obtained as a function of the temperature and we observe a decrease in the light chiral pseudo-critical temperature as the pion mass is lowered while the pseudo-critical temperature associated with the strange quark number susceptibility or the Polyakov loop is only mildly sensitive to the pion mass. These findings are in agreement with previous continuum results obtained in the staggered formulation.

  14. QCD thermodynamics with continuum extrapolated Wilson fermions II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borsanyi, Szabolcs; Fodor, Zoltan; Holbling, Christian; Katz, Sandor D; Krieg, Stefan; Nogradi, Daniel; Szabo, Kalman K; Toth, Balint C; Trombitas, Norbert

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We continue our investigation of 2+1 flavor QCD thermodynamics using dynamical Wilson fermions in the fixed scale approach. Two additional pion masses, approximately 440 MeV and 285 MeV, are added to our previous work at 545 MeV. The simulations were performed at 3 or 4 lattice spacings at each pion mass. The renormalized chiral condensate, strange quark number susceptibility and Polyakov loop is obtained as a function of the temperature and we observe a decrease in the light chiral pseudo-critical temperature as the pion mass is lowered while the pseudo-critical temperature associated with the strange quark number susceptibility or the Polyakov loop is only mildly sensitive to the pion mass. These findings are in agreement with previous continuum results obtained in the staggered formulation.

  15. Wilson lines for AdS_5 black strings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiril Hristov; Stefanos Katmadas

    2014-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a simple method of extending AdS_5 black string solutions of 5d gauged supergravity in a supersymmetric way by addition of Wilson lines along a circular direction in space. When this direction is chosen along the string, and due to the specific form of 5d supergravity that features Chern-Simons terms, the existence of magnetic charges automatically generates conserved electric charges in a 5d analogue of the Witten effect. Therefore we find a rather generic, model-independent way of adding electric charges to already existing solutions with no backreaction from the geometry or breaking of any symmetry. We use this method to explicitly write down more general versions of the Benini-Bobev black strings and comment on the implications for the dual field theory and the similarities with generalizations of the Cacciatori-Klemm black holes in AdS_4.

  16. Rotational band properties in {sup 165}Er

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, S. T. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Zhou, X. H.; Zhang, Y. H.; Zheng, Y.; Liu, M. L.; Chen, L.; Zhang, N. T.; Hua, W.; Guo, S.; Qiang, Y. H.; Li, G. S.; Ding, B. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Shi, Y.; Xu, F. R. [School of Physics, and State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

    2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    High-spin states in {sup 165}Er have been studied experimentally using the {sup 160}Gd({sup 9}Be, 4n) reaction at beam energies of 42 and 45 MeV. The previously known bands based on the 5/2{sup +}[642], 5/2{sup -}[523], and 11/2{sup -}[505] configurations are extended to (49/2{sup +}), (45/2{sup -}), and (31/2{sup -}) states, respectively. The rotational bands in {sup 165}Er generally show gradual alignment processes, indicating strong band interactions associated with the i{sub 13/2} neutron alignments. The band properties are compared with those in the neighboring nuclei and discussed within the framework of the cranked shell model.

  17. ER-12-1 completion report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Russell, C.E.; Gillespie, D.; Cole, J.C.; Drellack, S.L. [and others

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of drillhole ER-12-1 was to determine the hydrogeology of paleozoic carbonate rocks and of the Eleana Formation, a regional aquitard, in an area potentially downgradient from underground nuclear testing conducted in nearby Rainier Mesa. This objective was addressed through the drilling of well ER-12-1 at N886,640.26 E640,538.85 Nevada Central Coordinates. Drilling of the 1094 m (3588 ft) well began on July 19, 1991 and was completed on October 17, 1991. Drilling problems included hole deviation and hole instability that prevented the timely completion of this borehole. Drilling methods used include rotary tri-cone and rotary hammer drilling with conventional and reverse circulation using air/water, air/foam (Davis mix), and bentonite mud. Geologic cuttings and geophysical logs were obtained from the well. The rocks penetrated by the ER-12-1 drillhole are a complex assemblage of Silurian, Devonian, and Mississippian sedimentary rocks that are bounded by numerous faults that show substantial stratigraphic offset. The final 7.3 m (24 ft) of this hole penetrated an unusual intrusive rock of Cretaceous age. The geology of this borehole was substantially different from that expected, with the Tongue Wash Fault encountered at a much shallower depth, paleozoic rocks shuffled out of stratigraphic sequence, and the presence of an altered biotite-rich microporphyritic igneous rock at the bottom of the borehole. Conodont CAI analyses and rock pyrolysis analyses indicate that the carbonate rocks in ER-12-1, as well as the intervening sheets of Eleana siltstone, have been thermally overprinted following movement on the faults that separate them. The probable source of heat for this thermal disturbance is the microporphyritic intrusion encountered at the bottom of the hole, and its age establishes that the major fault activity must have occurred prior to 102.3+0.5 Ma (middle Cretaceous).

  18. Unternehmen und Social Media wie passt das zusammen? Dr. Alexander Stocker, Key Researcher, DIGITAL Institut fr Informations und

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammerton, James

    Unternehmen und Social Media ­ wie passt das zusammen? Dr. Alexander Stocker, Key Researcher, DIGITAL ­ Institut für Informations und Kommunikationstechnologien, JOANNEUM RESEARCH. DI Harald Mayer, Head of Intelligent Information Systems Group, DIGITAL Institut für Informations und

  19. Writing Home: The Post Colonial Dialogue of Athol Fugard and August Wilson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prece, Paul Michael

    2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    ABSTRACT Paul Prece, Ph.D Department of Theatre and Film, April, 2008 University of Kansas Athol Fugard and August Wilson are two of the most prolific, respected, and artistically and commercially successful playwrights ...

  20. From the Individual to the Collective: Community in August Wilson and Tony Kushner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noggle, Richard

    2007-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    and cultural moment, the Reagan years, while also looking back to consider the formation of America and forward to ponder its future. While Angels has an explicitly gay-activist aesthetic, the play, like all of Kushner?s plays, ultimately envisions a... ?community? in Wilson, who envisions a self-sustaining black culture in America, informed by a distinctive African sensibility. Wilson does not desire a ?bridge? between cultures. Kushner, on the other hand, refuses any definition of ?community? that does...

  1. DOE/ER--0547T DE92

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinan antagonist Journal Article: Crystal structureComposite-- Energy,Converting to5994DOEFinal ReportER--0547T

  2. ER85773 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed NewcatalystNeutronEnvironment >Dange1·DangerEPADetection R. De Souza 1ER85773

  3. D Dickinson, C M Roach, J M Skipp and H R Wilson CCFE-PR(13)28

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D Dickinson, C M Roach, J M Skipp and H R Wilson CCFE-PR(13)28 Global Structure of Micro Plasmas: Stiff Transport or Plasma Eruptions? D Dickinson 1,2 , C M Roach 2 , J M Skipp 1 and H R Wilson 1,2 , C M Roach2 , J M Skipp1 and H R Wilson1 1 York Plasma Institute, Department of Physics, University

  4. Energy and Society (ER100/PP184/ER200/PP284) Topics: PV, Wind, environmental justice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    ? [2 points] ii. [ER200/PP286 only] Relative to using average utility rates, how could time-of-use (TOU. How might our results for the levelized cost of PV electricity differ if we were considering utility-scale installations instead of residential-scale rooftop installations? List and explain three other factors we would

  5. IOWA STAT-er CHATTER Winter 2009/2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ://main.acsevents.org/site/TR/RelayForLife/ RFLFY10MW?team_id=568827&pg=team&fr_id= 22852 Intramural Sports Update Mark McKelvey The STAT-ers wereIOWA STAT-er CHATTER Winter 2009/2010 "All The 's That's Fit to Print" 1 From the Office of the President Lisa Bramer This summer began an exciting new era for the STAT-ers as Snedecor Hall

  6. An Improved Algorithm for Quanti er Elimination Over Real Closed ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    assumption that each polynomial in the input depend ..... We call this procedure uniform quanti er elim- .... and describe the inputs, outputs and complexities of.

  7. Final Technical Report for Award # ER64999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Metcalf, William W. [University of Illinois

    2014-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides a summary of activities for Award # ER64999, a Genomes to Life Project funded by the Office of Science, Basic Energy Research. The project was entitled "Methanogenic archaea and the global carbon cycle: a systems biology approach to the study of Methanosarcina species". The long-term goal of this multi-investigator project was the creation of integrated, multiscale models that accurately and quantitatively predict the role of Methanosarcina species in the global carbon cycle under dynamic environmental conditions. To achieve these goals we pursed four specific aims: (1) genome sequencing of numerous members of the Order Methanosarcinales, (2) identification of genomic sources of phenotypic variation through in silico comparative genomics, (3) elucidation of the transcriptional networks of two Methanosarcina species, and (4) development of comprehensive metabolic network models for characterized strains to address the question of how metabolic models scale with genetic distance.

  8. Nonlinear Pricing in Markets with Interdependent Demand Author(s): Shmuel S. Oren, Stephen A. Smith and Robert B. Wilson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    Nonlinear Pricing in Markets with Interdependent Demand Author(s): Shmuel S. Oren, Stephen A. Smith S. OREN, t STEPHEN A. SMITH, t AND ROBERT B. WILSON? This paper provides a mathematical framework Sciences #12;S. S. OREN, S. A. SMITH AND R. B. WILSON demand externalities. Nonlinear pricing, defined

  9. 2nd Coq workshop, Edinburgh, Scotland c S. Wilson, J. Fleuriot & A. Smaill Inductive Proof Automation for Coq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Automation for Coq Sean Wilson Jacques Fleuriot Alan Smaill School of Informatics, The University of Edinburgh {sean.wilson,jacques.fleuriot,a.smaill}@ed.ac.uk We introduce inductive proof automation for Coq support for proofs involving case splits and multiple inductive hypotheses. The automation makes use

  10. Comparative activation of estrogen receptor alpha (er alpha) by endocrine disruptors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Fei

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    -dependent,. These results demonstrate that various ER ligands differentially activate ER? in breast cancer cells and transgenic mice, and their activities are dependent on ER? variants, promoter-, cell-context and selective use of different Sp proteins, suggesting...

  11. 4.8 IMPACT OF AGRICULTURAL PESTICIDES ON BIRDS OF PREY IN THE LOWER FRASER VALLEY by Laurie Wilson, Megan Harris

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    contaminants, such as dioxins and furans, in food chains; see Wilson et al. [1999]). Raptors are good

  12. Alexander Pines, 1988 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 Industrial CarbonArticlesHuman ResourcesScienceHomeAboutLight SourceAhmedAlexander

  13. Multi-product pricing for electric Shmuel S. Oren, Stephen A. Smith and Robert B. Wilson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    Multi-product pricing for electric power Shmuel S. Oren, Stephen A. Smith and Robert B. Wilson Smith is with the Leavey School of Business, Santa Clara University, Santa Clara, CA 95053. Robert Butterworth & Co (Publishers) Ltd #12;Multi-product pricing for electric power: S. S. Oren, S. A. Smith ctnd R

  14. Thermodynamics in 2+1 flavor QCD with improved Wilson quarks by the fixed scale approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Umeda; S. Aoki; S. Ejiri; T. Hatsuda; K. Kanaya; Y. Maezawa; H. Ohno

    2012-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We study thermodynamic properties of 2+1 flavor QCD with improved Wilson quarks coupled with the RG improved Iwasaki glue, using the fixed scale approach. We present the results for the equation of state, renormalized Polyakov loop, and chiral condensate.

  15. Price Trackers Inspired by Immune Memory William O. Wilson*, Phil Birkin* and Uwe Aickelin*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    Price Trackers Inspired by Immune Memory William O. Wilson*, Phil Birkin* and Uwe Aickelin* wow. In this paper we outline initial concepts for an immune in- spired algorithm to evaluate price time series data and mutation, with each member attempting to map to trends in price movements. Successful trackers feed

  16. Oil Price Trackers Inspired by Immune Memory William Wilson , Phil Birkin , and Uwe Aickelin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    Oil Price Trackers Inspired by Immune Memory William Wilson , Phil Birkin , and Uwe Aickelin School concepts for an immune inspired algorithm to evaluate and predict oil price time se- ries data Analysis of oil price trends The price of WTI crude oil (a world marker price for oil price movements

  17. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 121(1):8288, 2009 DETECTION PROBABILITIES OF WOODPECKER NESTS IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    82 The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 121(1):82­88, 2009 DETECTION PROBABILITIES OF WOODPECKER NESTS. villosus) nests and nest survival rates in post-fire landscapes provide land managers with information on the relative importance of burned forests to nesting woodpeckers. We conducted multiple-observer surveys

  18. DENSE MATTER IN LASER DRIVEN FUSION ! LABORATORY EXPERIMENTS R.L. Mc Crory and J. Wilson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    irradiation to heat and compress a target containing thermonuclear fuel to fusion conditions. This is stillDENSE MATTER IN LASER DRIVEN FUSION ! LABORATORY EXPERIMENTS R.L. Mc Crory and J. Wilson Laboratory. The high power lasers in quaestion were constructed with laser fusion studies as the goal, i

  19. Strings at Finite Temperature: Wilson Lines, Free Energies, and the Thermal Landscape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keith R. Dienes; Michael Lennek; Menika Sharma

    2012-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    According to the standard prescriptions, zero-temperature string theories can be extended to finite temperature by compactifying their time directions on a so-called "thermal circle" and implementing certain orbifold twists. However, the existence of a topologically non-trivial thermal circle leaves open the possibility that a gauge flux can pierce this circle --- i.e., that a non-trivial Wilson line (or equivalently a non-zero chemical potential) might be involved in the finite-temperature extension. In this paper, we concentrate on the zero-temperature heterotic and Type I strings in ten dimensions, and survey the possible Wilson lines which might be introduced in their finite-temperature extensions. We find a rich structure of possible thermal string theories, some of which even have non-traditional Hagedorn temperatures, and we demonstrate that these new thermal string theories can be interpreted as extrema of a continuous thermal free-energy "landscape". Our analysis also uncovers a unique finite-temperature extension of the heterotic SO(32) and $E_8\\times E_8$ strings which involves a non-trivial Wilson line, but which --- like the traditional finite-temperature extension without Wilson lines --- is metastable in this thermal landscape.

  20. Electron spin resonance study of Er-concentration effect in GaAs;Er,O containing charge carriers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elmasry, F. [Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodai-cho, Nada, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan); Okubo, S. [Molecular Photoscience Research Center, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodai-cho, Nada, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan); Ohta, H., E-mail: hoht@kobe-u.ac.jp [Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodai-cho, Nada, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan); Molecular Photoscience Research Center, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodai-cho, Nada, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan); Fujiwara, Y. [Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)

    2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Er-concentration effect in GaAs;Er,O containing charge carriers (n-type, high resistance, p-type) has been studied by X-band Electron spin resonance (ESR) at low temperature (4.7?K?Er,O without carrier. The local structure around Er-2O centers is not affected by carriers because similar angular dependence of g-values was observed in both cases (with/without carrier). For temperature dependence, linewidth and lineshape analysis suggested the existence of Er dimers with antiferromagnetic exchange interaction of about 7?K. Moreover, drastic decrease of ESR intensity for C signal in p-type sample was observed and it correlates with the decrease of photoluminescence (PL) intensity. Possible model for the Er-2O trap level in GaAs:Er,O is discussed from the ESR and PL experimental results.

  1. Balanced Ero1 activation and inactivation establishes ER redox homeostasis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Sunghwan

    The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) provides an environment optimized for oxidative protein folding through the action of Ero1p, which generates disulfide bonds, and Pdi1p, which receives disulfide bonds from Ero1p and transfers ...

  2. Dean of the College of Public Health is Stephen W. Wyatt. Linda J. Alexander is Associate Dean for Academic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacAdam, Keith

    , and international public healthactivities.Courseworkwillemphasizethe integration and application of new knowledgeDean of the College of Public Health is Stephen W. Wyatt. Linda J. Alexander is Associate Dean Services Management. Glyn Caldwell is Interim Chair, Epidemiology. Pamela B. Teaster is Chair, Gerontology

  3. Is the Extended Red Emission due to CO? Philip D. Bennett, Graham M. Harper, and Alexander Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harper, Graham

    Is the Extended Red Emission due to CO? Philip D. Bennett, Graham M. Harper, and Alexander Brown. The Extended Red Emission (ERE) is a broad emission feature ob­ served between 5000 and 8000 š A in a large to be correct. The strongest known source of the ERE is the bipolar nebula (the ``Red Rect­ angle'') associated

  4. Developmentally Learning the Support Affordance of a Platform Brian Russell, Shuky Meyer, Karl Deakyne and Alexander Stoytchev, Developmental Robotics Lab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurtele, Eve Syrkin

    Deakyne and Alexander Stoytchev, Developmental Robotics Lab 2. Motivation 4. Methodology 5. Results 6 robotics. In particular, support cannot be learned through programming alone, it must be learned by the robot in order to perform tasks intelligently. Humans begin to understand the concept of support

  5. A Mechanism for Dynamic Ride Sharing based on Parallel Auctions Alexander Kleiner, Bernhard Nebel and Vittorio Amos Ziparo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebel, Bernhard

    A Mechanism for Dynamic Ride Sharing based on Parallel Auctions Alexander Kleiner, Bernhard Nebel,nebel}@informatik.uni-freiburg.de Algorithmica Srl, Rome, Italy, ziparo@algorithmica.it Abstract Car pollution is one of the major causes of green- house emissions, and traffic congestion is rapidly becoming a social plague. Dynamic Ride Sharing

  6. EXIT Charts for Turbo Trellis Coded Modulation Hangjun Chen, Student Member, IEEE, and Alexander Haimovich, Senior Member, IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haimovich, Alexander

    EXIT Charts for Turbo Trellis Coded Modulation Hangjun Chen, Student Member, IEEE, and Alexander information transfer charts (EXIT) method to the analysis of the convergence of turbo codes to turbo trellis can be used as a tool in the design of TTCM. Index Terms-- Turbo trellis coded modulation, convergence

  7. Description of noble gas di usion in a polymer matrix by a hopping model Alexander K. Hartmann, Dieter W. Heermann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heermann, Dieter W.

    Description of noble gas di usion in a polymer matrix by a hopping model Alexander K. Hartmann 19 69120 Heidelberg, Germany (December 1, 1998) We present a new heuristic model which describes the dif- fusion of noble gas atoms inside a polymer matrix. The mo- tion of the gas atoms consists

  8. Articulated Motion Modeling for Activity Analysis Jiang Gao, Robert T. Collins, Alexander G. Hauptmann and Howard D. Wactlar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wactlar, Howard D.

    on blobs and trajectories output from this tracking system. In Zelnik-Manor and Irani (2001), dynamicArticulated Motion Modeling for Activity Analysis Jiang Gao, Robert T. Collins, Alexander G at a nursing home. 1. Introduction Much recent research has been focused on activity analysis in videos

  9. Fnfte Satzung zur nderung der Fachstudien-und Prfungsordnung fr das Fach Deutsch im Lehramtsstudiengang an der Friedrich-Alexander-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiebig, Peter

    Fünfte Satzung zur �nderung der Fachstudien- und Prüfungsordnung für das Fach Deutsch im Prüfungsordnung für das Fach Deutsch im Lehramtsstudiengang an der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen

  10. Subcritical Finite-Amplitude Solutions for Plane Couette Flow of Viscoelastic Fluids Alexander N. Morozov and Wim van Saarloos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Saarloos, Wim

    Subcritical Finite-Amplitude Solutions for Plane Couette Flow of Viscoelastic Fluids Alexander N is shown to exhibit a purely elastic subcritical instability at a very small-Reynolds number in spite. In this Letter we show that visco- elastic plane Couette flow (PCF) exhibits a subcritical instability to finite

  11. ARMO: Adaptive Road Map Optimization for Large Robot Teams Alexander Kleiner*, Dali Sun* and Daniel Meyer-Delius*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebel, Bernhard

    in static environments [4] that compute during a pre-processing phase a connectivity graph in freeARMO: Adaptive Road Map Optimization for Large Robot Teams Alexander Kleiner*, Dali Sun* and Daniel Meyer-Delius* Abstract-- Autonomous robot teams that simultaneously dis- patch transportation tasks

  12. Code Generation for Embedded Second-Order Cone Programming Eric Chu, Neal Parikh, Alexander Domahidi, and Stephen Boyd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Code Generation for Embedded Second-Order Cone Programming Eric Chu, Neal Parikh, Alexander Domahidi, and Stephen Boyd Abstract-- This paper describes a framework for generating easily verifiable for different problems. To balance these two requirements, we propose a code generation system that takes high

  13. Gaze-eccentricity effects on automobile driving performance -or -Going where you look Wilson O Readinger1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaze-eccentricity effects on automobile driving performance - or - Going where you look Wilson O to ride horses1 , ride a motorcycle2 , and race automobiles3 , provides anecdotal evidence that navigation

  14. The role of Ambassador Roland S. Morris in President Wilson's decision to send troops to Siberia in 1918

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whittlesey, Frederick Albert

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    studies involving Woodrow Wilson's decision to send troops to Siberia, there has been a distinct lack of attention given to the role of Morris and the impact of his dispatches. As Ambassador to Japan during this turbulent era, Morris was the highest... in the Far East. The relationship that existed between the President and Morris will also be studied in light of how it could have affected the value Wilson placed upon the Ambassador's dispatches. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This thesis would not have been possible...

  15. Static quark free energies at finite temperature with two flavors of improved Wilson quarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Maezawa; S. Ejiri; T. Hatsuda; N. Ishii; N. Ukita; S. Aoki; K. Kanaya

    2006-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Polyakov loop correlations at finite temperature in two-flavor QCD are studied in lattice simulations with the RG-improved gluon action and the clover-improved Wilson quark action. From the simulations on a $16^3 \\times 4$ lattice, we extract the free energies, the effective running coupling $g_{\\rm eff}(T)$ and the Debye screening mass $m_D(T)$ for various color channels of heavy quark--quark and quark--anti-quark pairs above the critical temperature. The free energies are well approximated by the screened Coulomb form with the appropriate Casimir factors. The magnitude and the temperature dependence of the Debye mass are compared to those of the next-to-leading order thermal perturbation theory and to a phenomenological formula given in terms of $g_{\\rm eff}(T)$. Also we made a comparison between our results with the Wilson quark and those with the staggered quark previously reported.

  16. Exponentiation for products of Wilson lines within the generating function approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladimirov, Alexey A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the generating function approach to the perturbative exponentiation of correlators of a product of Wilson lines and loops. The exponentiated expression is presented in the closed form as an algebraic function of correlators of known operators, which can be seen as a generating function for web diagrams. The expression is naturally split onto two parts: the exponentiation kernel, which accumulates all non-trivial information about web diagrams, and the defect of exponentiation, which reconstructs the matrix exponent and is a function of the exponentiation kernel. The detailed comparison of the presented approach with existing approaches to exponentiation is presented as well. We also give examples of calculations within the generating function exponentiation, namely, we consider different configurations of light-like Wilson lines in the multi-gluon-exchange-webs (MGEW) approximation. Within this approximation the corresponding correlators can be calculated exactly at any order of perturbative expans...

  17. Large rank Wilson loops in N=2 superconformal QCD at strong coupling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benedict Fraser; S. Prem Kumar

    2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We compute the expectation values of circular Wilson loops in large representations at strong coupling, in the large-N limit of the N=2 superconformal theory with SU(N) gauge group and 2N hypermultiplets. Employing Pestun's matrix integral, we focus attention on symmetric and antisymmetric representations with ranks of order N. We find that large rank antisymmetric loops are independent of the coupling at strong 't Hooft coupling while symmetric Wilson loops grow exponentially with it. Symmetric loops display a non-analyticity as a function of the rank, characterized by the splitting of a single matrix model eigenvalue from the continuum, bearing close resemblance to Bose-Einstein condensation in an ideal gas. We discuss implications of these for a putative large-N string dual. The method of calculation we adopt makes explicit the connection to Fermi and Bose gas descriptions and also suggests a tantalizing connection of the above system to a multichannel Kondo model.

  18. An example of a PID which is not a Euclidean R. A. Wilson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Robert A.

    An example of a PID which is not a Euclidean domain R. A. Wilson 11th March 2011 Some people have asked for an example of a PID which is not a Euclidean domain. It turns out that R = Z[1 2 (1 + -19 is a PID. We imitate the proof that a Euclidean domain is a PID, but we have to generalise it a little bit

  19. Construction of a Wilson action for the Wess-Zumino model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hidenori Sonoda; Kayhan Ulker

    2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct a Wilson action for the Wess-Zumino model by applying the exact renormalization group perturbatively. Using neither superfields nor auxiliary fields, we construct a supersymmetric action only with complex scalar and Majorana spinor fields. We adopt the BRST (antifield) formalism to show the consistency of the construction to all orders in loop expansions. The resulting action has a quadratically divergent scalar mass term which is absent in the superfield formalism.

  20. Nano-criticality in small CoO particles To Kenneth Wilson, Cornell, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nano-criticality in small CoO particles To Kenneth Wilson, Cornell, USA "for his theory a neutron scattering study of CoO bulk and nano-powders, we have measured the critical magnetic scattering), and theC -n magnetic coherence length xµ(-e) . We have found a bof 0.31 and 0.35 for bulk and nano

  1. Hybrid Monte Carlo with Wilson Dirac operator on the Fermi GPU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abhijit Chakrabarty; Pushan Majumdar

    2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    In this article we present our implementation of a Hybrid Monte Carlo algorithm for Lattice Gauge Theory using two degenerate flavours of Wilson-Dirac fermions on a Fermi GPU. We find that using registers instead of global memory speeds up the code by almost an order of magnitude. To map the array variables to scalars, so that the compiler puts them in the registers, we use code generators. Our final program is more than 10 times faster than a generic single CPU.

  2. Hybrid Monte Carlo with Wilson Dirac operator on the Fermi GPU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chakrabarty, Abhijit

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this article we present our implementation of a Hybrid Monte Carlo algorithm for Lattice Gauge Theory using two degenerate flavours of Wilson-Dirac fermions on a Fermi GPU. We find that using registers instead of global memory speeds up the code by almost an order of magnitude. To map the array variables to scalars, so that the compiler puts them in the registers, we use code generators. Our final program is more than 10 times faster than a generic single CPU.

  3. Coordination of Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Signaling During Maize Seed Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boston, Rebecca S.

    2010-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Seed storage reserves represent one of the most important sources of renewable fixed carbon and nitrogen found in nature. Seeds are well-adapted for diverting metabolic resources to synthesize storage proteins as well as enzymes and structural proteins needed for their transport and packaging into membrane bound storage protein bodies. Our underlying hypothesis is that the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response provides the critical cellular control of metabolic flux required for optimal accumulation of storage reserves in seeds. This highly conserved response is a cellular mechanism to monitor the protein folding environment of the ER and restore homeostasis in the presence of unfolded or misfolded proteins. In seeds, deposition of storage proteins in protein bodies is a highly specialized process that takes place even in the presence of mutant proteins that no longer fold and package properly. The capacity of the ER to deposit these aberrant proteins in protein bodies during a period that extends several weeks provides an excellent model for deconvoluting the ER stress response of plants. We have focused in this project on the means by which the ER senses and responds to functional perturbations and the underlying intracellular communication that occurs among biosynthetic, trafficking and degradative pathways for proteins during seed development.

  4. ER=EPR, GHZ, and the Consistency of Quantum Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Susskind, Leonard

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper illustrates various aspects of the ER=EPR conjecture.It begins with a brief heuristic argument, using the Ryu-Takayanagi correspondence, for why entanglement between black holes implies the existence of Einstein-Rosen bridges. The main part of the paper addresses a fundamental question: Is ER=EPR consistent with the standard postulates of quantum mechanics? Naively it seems to lead to an inconsistency between observations made on entangled systems by different observers. The resolution of the paradox lies in the properties of multiple black holes, entangled in the Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger pattern. The last part of the paper is about entanglement as a resource for quantum communication. ER=EPR provides a way to visualize protocols like quantum teleportation. In some sense teleportation takes place through the wormhole, but as usual, classical communication is necessary to complete the protocol.

  5. ER=EPR, GHZ, and the Consistency of Quantum Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard Susskind

    2014-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper illustrates various aspects of the ER=EPR conjecture.It begins with a brief heuristic argument, using the Ryu-Takayanagi correspondence, for why entanglement between black holes implies the existence of Einstein-Rosen bridges. The main part of the paper addresses a fundamental question: Is ER=EPR consistent with the standard postulates of quantum mechanics? Naively it seems to lead to an inconsistency between observations made on entangled systems by different observers. The resolution of the paradox lies in the properties of multiple black holes, entangled in the Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger pattern. The last part of the paper is about entanglement as a resource for quantum communication. ER=EPR provides a way to visualize protocols like quantum teleportation. In some sense teleportation takes place through the wormhole, but as usual, classical communication is necessary to complete the protocol.

  6. Robust Codes for Fault Attack Resistant Cryptographic Konrad J. Kulikowski, Mark G. Karpovsky, Alexander Taubin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karpovsky, Mark

    Robust Codes for Fault Attack Resistant Cryptographic Hardware Konrad J. Kulikowski, Mark G algorithms are vulner- able to fault analysis attacks. To detect these attacks we propose an architec- ture by an attacker. Architectures based on these codes have fewer undetectable er- rors than linear codes

  7. Alexander Prange

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc Documentation RUCProductstwrmrAre theAdministratorCFMFusion ResearchAndrew Weaver LSU CAMD Home

  8. Pahute Mesa Well Development and Testing Analyses for Wells ER-20-7, ER-20-8 #2, and ER-EC-11, Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greg Ruskauff

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report analyzes the following data collected from ER-20-7, ER-20-8 No.2, and ER-EC-11 during WDT operations: (1) Chemical indicators of well development (Section 2.0); (2) Static hydraulic head (Section 3.0); (3) Radiochemistry and geochemistry (Section 4.0); (4) Drawdown observed at locations distal to the pumping well (Section 5.0); and (5) Drilling water production, flow logs, and temperature logs (Section 6.0). The new data are further considered with respect to existing data as to how they enhance or change interpretations of groundwater flow and transport, and an interim small-scale conceptual model is also developed and compared to Phase I concepts. The purpose of well development is to remove drilling fluids and drilling-associated fines from the formation adjacent to a well so samples reflecting ambient groundwater water quality can be collected, and to restore hydraulic properties near the well bore. Drilling fluids can contaminate environmental samples from the well, resulting in nonrepresentative measurements. Both drilling fluids and preexisting fines in the formation adjacent to the well can impede the flow of water from the formation to the well, creating artifacts in hydraulic response data measured in the well.

  9. Use of polar decomposition for the diagnosis of oral Jungrae Chung, Woonggyu Jung, Marie J. Hammer-Wilson, Petra Wilder-Smith,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Zhongping

    J. Hammer-Wilson, Petra Wilder-Smith, and Zhongping Chen The Mueller matrix describes all are optically inhomogeneous, birefringent, and absorbing media.3 Precancerous lesions are characterized

  10. TALN 2011, Montpellier, 27 juin --1er juillet 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    TALN 2011, Montpellier, 27 juin -- 1er juillet 2011 Développement de ressources pour le persan.fr Résumé. Nous présentons une nouvelle version de PerLex, lexique morphologique du persan, une nouvel étique- teur morphosyntaxique librement disponible pour le persan. Après avoir développé une

  11. ALGEBRA LINEAL I 1er Curso de CC. Fisicas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guijarro, Luis

    ´ALGEBRA LINEAL I 1er Curso de CC. F´isicas. Examen Final. 4 de Febrero de 2008. Apellidos: Nombre subespacio complementario de S1 S2. 4. Hallar la matriz en la base can´onica de una aplicaci´on lineal f : R

  12. Economic Impact Report BInghamton UnIvERsIty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    Economic Impact Report 2007 #12;BInghamton UnIvERsIty 8:1 return on investment The term "return will be returned to the state economy and $6 to the local economy -- delivering an economic impact of $8.65 billion as an engine of economic growth that improves the financial health of our region and state. EconomIc Impact

  13. Video Entity Resolution: Applying ER Techniques for Smart Video Surveillance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalashnikov, Dmitri V.

    buildings, smart grid, and so on. In this paper, we focus on smart surveillance systems wherein video improvements on how the building is used. One of the key challenges in building smart surveillance systemsVideo Entity Resolution: Applying ER Techniques for Smart Video Surveillance Liyan Zhang Ronen

  14. ERS 14.2 Emissions Monitoring, 4/3/95 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ERS 14.2 Emissions Monitoring, 4395 ERS 14.2 Emissions Monitoring, 4395 The objective of this surveillance is to verify that the contractor is monitoring emissions of...

  15. Requirements for ER reorganization and proliferation by HMG-CoA reductase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Federovitch, Christine Marie

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the “ER overload response” or EOR. It was discovered as acharacteristic of both UPR and EOR, lending some credenceto the idea that EOR may be involved in some types of ER

  16. The running coupling in lattice Landau gauge with unquenched Wilson fermion and KS fermion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadataka Furui; Hideo Nakajima

    2005-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The running coupling of the Wilson fermon(JLQCD/CP-PACS) and that of Kogut-Susskind(KS) fermion(MILC) are measured in the lattice Landau gauge QCD in $\\widetilde{MOM}$ scheme. The quark propagator of the KS fermion is also measured and we find that it is infrared suppressed. The renormalization factor of the running coupling and the tadpole renormalization define the scale of the quark wave function. Effects of the $A_\\mu^2$ condensates of a few GeV$^2$ are observed in the running coupling and also in the quark propagator.

  17. Robert R. Wilson, 1984 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 IndustrialIsadore Perlman, 1960Real Property ManagementRobert B.Robert R. Wilson,

  18. ER Membrane Protein Complex Required for Nuclear Fusion Davis T.W. Ng and Peter Walter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Peter

    ER Membrane Protein Complex Required for Nuclear Fusion Davis T.W. Ng and Peter Walter Department is localized to the luminal (i.e., noncytoplasmic) face of the ER mem- brane, yet nuclear fusion must initiate of Sec63p, Sec71p, and Sec72p plays a central role in mediating nuclear mem- brane fusion and requires ER

  19. In and Out of the ER: Protein Folding, Quality Control, Degradation, and Related Human Diseases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hebert, Daniel N.

    In and Out of the ER: Protein Folding, Quality Control, Degradation, and Related Human Diseases 1377 C. Protein folding 1378 II. Protein Translocation, Folding, and Quality Control in the Endoplasmic Reticulum 1379 A. Protein targeting to the ER 1379 B. Chaperone-assisted protein folding in the ER 1379 C

  20. Exponentiation for products of Wilson lines within the generating function approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexey A. Vladimirov

    2015-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the generating function approach to the perturbative exponentiation of correlators of a product of Wilson lines and loops. The exponentiated expression is presented in the closed form as an algebraic function of correlators of known operators, which can be seen as a generating function for web diagrams. The expression is naturally split onto two parts: the exponentiation kernel, which accumulates all non-trivial information about web diagrams, and the defect of exponentiation, which reconstructs the matrix exponent and is a function of the exponentiation kernel. The detailed comparison of the presented approach with existing approaches to exponentiation is presented as well. We also give examples of calculations within the generating function exponentiation, namely, we consider different configurations of light-like Wilson lines in the multi-gluon-exchange-webs (MGEW) approximation. Within this approximation the corresponding correlators can be calculated exactly at any order of perturbative expansion by only algebraic manipulations. The calculation shows an evident violation of the dipole formula for infrared singularities at three-loop order.

  1. TALN 2011, Montpellier, 27 juin --1er juillet 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    TALN 2011, Montpellier, 27 juin -- 1er juillet 2011 Développement de ressources pour le persan : le persan, une version corrigée et partiellement réannotée du corpus étiqueté BijanKhan (BijanKhan, 2004) et MEltfa, un nouvel étiqueteur morphosyntaxique librement disponible pour le persan. Après avoir développé

  2. ALGEBRA LINEAL I 1er Curso de CC. Fisicas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guijarro, Luis

    ´ALGEBRA LINEAL I 1er Curso de CC. F´isicas. Examen Extraordinario. 14 de Septiembre de 2006 un vector u perpendicular a L. b) Hallar la matriz de la aplicaci´on lineal f : R3 R3 consistente en la simetr´ia ortogonal respecto al plano de ecuaci´on 2x+y = 0. (Se trata de la aplicaci´on lineal

  3. ALGEBRA LINEAL I 1er Curso de CC. Fisicas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guijarro, Luis

    ´ALGEBRA LINEAL I 1er Curso de CC. F´isicas. Examen Final. 9 de Febrero de 2006. Apellidos: Nombrex2 +10 = 0. 2. Dado el sistema de ecuaciones lineales: x -y +2z = 2 x +y -z = 1 2x +az = c 3x +y +bz la base can´onica de R2 de una aplicaci´on lineal de R2 en R2 , tal que f(1, 1) = (0, 1) f(-1, 1

  4. EPR = ER and Scattering Amplitude as Entanglement Entropy Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shigenori Seki; Sang-Jin Sin

    2014-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the causal structure of the minimal surface of the four-gluon scattering, and find a world-sheet wormhole parametrized by Mandelstam variables, thereby demonstrate the EPR = ER relation for gluon scattering. We also propose that scattering amplitude is the change of the entanglement entropy by generalizing the holographic entanglement entropy of Ryu-Takayanagi to the case where two regions are divided in space-time.

  5. Final Report DE-FG02-07ER64416

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seymour, Joseph D.

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The document provides the Final Report for DE-FG02-07ER64416 on the use of magnetic resonance (MR) methods to quantify transport in porous media impacted by biological and chemical processes. Products resulting from the research in the form of peer reviewed publications and conference presentations are presented. The research correlated numerical simulations and MR measurements to test simulation methodology. Biofilm and uranium detection by MR was demonstrated.

  6. Tunable, diode side-pumped Er:YAG laser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hamilton, C.E.; Furu, L.H.

    1997-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A discrete-element Er:YAG laser, side pumped by a 220 Watt peak-power InGaAs diode array, generates >500 mWatts at 2.94 {micro}m, and is tunable over a 6 nm range near about 2.936 {micro}m. The oscillator is a plano-concave resonator consisting of a concave high reflector, a flat output coupler, a Er:YAG crystal and a YAG intracavity etalon, which serves as the tuning element. The cavity length is variable from 3 cm to 4 cm. The oscillator uses total internal reflection in the Er:YAG crystal to allow efficient coupling of the diode emission into the resonating modes of the oscillator. With the tuning element removed, the oscillator produces up to 1.3 Watts of average power at 2.94 {micro}m. The duty factor of the laser is 6.5% and the repetition rate is variable up to 1 kHz. This laser is useful for tuning to an atmospheric transmission window at 2.935 {micro}m (air wavelength). The laser is also useful as a spectroscopic tool because it can access several infrared water vapor transitions, as well as transitions in organic compounds. Other uses include medical applications (e.g., for tissue ablation and uses with fiber optic laser scalpels) and as part of industrial effluent monitoring systems. 4 figs.

  7. Tunable, diode side-pumped Er: YAG laser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Charles E. (Bellevue, WA); Furu, Laurence H. (Modesto, CA)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A discrete-element Er:YAG laser, side pumped by a 220 Watt peak-power InGaAs diode array, generates >500 mWatts at 2.94 .mu.m, and is tunable over a 6 nm range near about 2.936 .mu.m. The oscillator is a plano-concave resonator consisting of a concave high reflector, a flat output coupler, a Er:YAG crystal and a YAG intracavity etalon, which serves as the tuning element. The cavity length is variable from 3 cm to 4 cm. The oscillator uses total internal reflection in the Er:YAG crystal to allow efficient coupling of the diode emission into the resonating modes of the oscillator. With the tuning element removed, the oscillator produces up to 1.3 Watts of average power at 2.94 .mu.m. The duty factor of the laser is 6.5% and the repetition rate is variable up to 1 kHz. This laser is useful for tuning to an atmospheric transmission window at 2.935 .mu.m (air wavelength). The laser is also useful as a spectroscopic tool because it can access several infrared water vapor transitions, as well as transitions in organic compounds. Other uses include medical applications (e.g., for tissue ablation and uses with fiber optic laser scalpels) and as part of industrial effluent monitoring systems.

  8. Completion Report for Well Cluster ER-6-1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bechtel Nevada

    2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Well Cluster ER-6-1 was constructed for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Division at the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada. This work was initiated as part of the Groundwater Characterization Project, now known as the Underground Test Area Project. The well cluster is located in southeastern Yucca Flat. Detailed lithologic descriptions with stratigraphic assignments for Well Cluster ER-6-1 are included in this report. These are based on composite drill cuttings collected every 3 meters and conventional core samples taken below 639 meters, supplemented by geophysical log data. Detailed petrographic, chemical, and mineralogical studies of rock samples were conducted on 11 samples to resolve complex interrelationships between several of the Tertiary tuff units. Additionally, paleontological analyses by the U.S. Geological Survey confirmed the stratigraphic assignments below 539 meters within the Paleozoic sedimentary section. All three wells in the Well ER-6-1 cluster were drilled within the Quaternary and Tertiary alluvium section, the Tertiary volcanic section, and into the Paleozoic sedimentary section.

  9. Wilson Bull., 11l(l), 1999, pp. 100-104 EFFECTS OF WIND TURBINES ON UPLAND NESTING BIRDS IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson Bull., 11l(l), 1999, pp. 100-104 EFFECTS OF WIND TURBINES ON UPLAND NESTING BIRDS in southwestern Minnesota to determine the relative influence of wind turbines on overall densities of upland transects that were placed along wind turbine strings within three CRP fields and in three CRP fields

  10. Crack Propagation Fracture Toughness of Several Wood Species Elijah Wilson, Meisam Shir Mohammadi, and John A. Nairn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nairn, John A.

    1 Crack Propagation Fracture Toughness of Several Wood Species Elijah Wilson, Meisam Shir Mohammadi In materials with process zones, such as fiber bridging zones in wood, it is crucial to characterize fracture toughness as a function of crack growth, known as the material's R curve. Here, a new fracture testing

  11. Prof. Dr. Hans-Peter Scheffler Wintersemester 2011/2012 Dr. Alexander Hoffmann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheffler, Hans-Peter

    Ritter de M´er´e Recht hatte. Aufgabe 2: Es seien I = , G = Mengen und A, B, C, Mi, Ni Pot(G) f¨ur i I. Zeigen Sie: (a) A B = A \\ (A \\ B) (b) (A B) Ac = B Ac (c) (A B)c = Ac Bc (d) A \\ iI Mi = iI (A \\ Mi) (e) A \\ iI Mi = iI (A \\ Mi) (f) iI (Mi Ni) iI Mi iI Ni (g) iI (Mi Ni) iI Mi iI Ni (h) Zeigen

  12. QCD Condensates and Holographic Wilson Loops for Asymptotically AdS Spaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quevedo, R. Carcasses [Instituto Balseiro, Centro Atomico Bariloche, 8400 San Carlos de Bariloche (Argentina); CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Goity, Jose L. [Hampton University, Hampton, VA 23668 (United States); Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Trinchero, Roberto C. [Instituto Balseiro, Centro Atomico Bariloche, 8400 San Carlos de Bariloche (Argentina); CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The minimization of the Nambu-Goto (NG) action for a surface whose contour defines a circular Wilson loop of radius a placed at a finite value of the coordinate orthogonal to the border is considered. This is done for asymptotically AdS spaces. The condensates of dimension n = 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 are calculated in terms of the coefficients in the expansion in powers of the radius a of the on-shell subtracted NG action for small a->0. The subtraction employed is such that it presents no conflict with conformal invariance in the AdS case and need not introduce an additional infrared scale for the case of confining geometries. It is shown that the UV value of the gluon condensates is universal in the sense that it only depends on the first coefficients of the difference with the AdS case.

  13. QCD thermodynamics with two flavours of Wilson fermions on large lattices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bastian B. Brandt; Anthony Francis; Harvey B. Meyer; Owe Philipsen; Hartmut Wittig

    2012-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore the phase diagram of two flavour QCD at vanishing chemical potential using dynamical O(a)-improved Wilson quarks. In the approach to the chiral limit we use lattices with a temporal extent of N_t=16 and spatial extent L=32,48 and 64 to enable the extrapolation to the thermodynamic limit with small discretisation effects. In addition to an update on the scans at constant \\kappa, reported earlier, we present first results from scans along lines of constant physics at a pion mass of 290 MeV. We probe the transition using the Polyakov loop and the chiral condensate, as well as spectroscopic observables such as screening masses.

  14. Isotriplet Dark Matter on the Lattice: SO(4)-gauge theory with two Vector Wilson fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ari Hietanen; Claudio Pica; Francesco Sannino; Ulrik Ishøj Søndergaard

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present preliminary results for simulations of SO(4)-gauge theory with two Dirac Wilson fermions transforming according to the vector representation. We map out the phase diagram including the strong coupling bulk phase transition line as well as the zero PCAC-mass line. In addition, we measure the pseudo scalar and vector meson masses, and investigate whether the theory features chiral symmetry breaking. If the theory is used for breaking the electroweak symmetry dynamically it is the orthogonal group equivalent of the Minimal Walking Technicolor model but with the following distinctive features: a] It provides a natural complex weak isotriplet of Goldstone bosons of which the neutral component can be identified with a light composite dark matter state; b] It is expected to break the global symmetry spontaneously; c] It is free from fermionic composite states made by a techniglue and a technifermion.

  15. Completion report for well ER-3-2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Well ER-3-2 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV), in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project (NV ERP) at the Nevada Test Site. IT Corporation (IT) was the principal environmental contractor for the project. The roles and responsibilities of IT and other contractors involved in the project are described in the Raytheon Services Nevada (RSN) Drilling Program and the Underground Test Area Operable Unit Project Management Plan. The well will become part of the Underground Test Area (UGTA) monitoring well network.

  16. Lifetimes of negative parity states in {sup 168}Er

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Genilloud, L. [Institut de Physique, Universite de Fribourg, Perolles, CH-1700 Fribourg, (Switzerland)] [Institut de Physique, Universite de Fribourg, Perolles, CH-1700 Fribourg, (Switzerland); Jolie, J. [Institut de Physique, Universite de Fribourg, Perolles, CH-1700 Fribourg, (Switzerland)] [Institut de Physique, Universite de Fribourg, Perolles, CH-1700 Fribourg, (Switzerland); Boerner, H. G. [Institut Laue-Langevin, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9, (France)] [Institut Laue-Langevin, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9, (France); Lehmann, H. [Institut Laue-Langevin, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9, (France)] [Institut Laue-Langevin, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9, (France); Becvar, F. [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, CZ-180 00 Prague 8, (Czech Republic)] [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, CZ-180 00 Prague 8, (Czech Republic); Krticka, M. [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, CZ-180 00 Prague 8, (Czech Republic)] [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, CZ-180 00 Prague 8, (Czech Republic); Zamfir, N. V. [WNSL, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States) [WNSL, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States); Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts 01610 (United States); Casten, R. F. [WNSL, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States)] [WNSL, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States)

    2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the GRID method the lifetimes of 12 states belonging to four negative parity bands in {sup 168}Er were measured at the high flux reactor of the Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL). For K{sup {pi}}=0{sub 1}{sup -} and K{sup {pi}}=2{sub 1}{sup -} bands the absolute E1 transitions are in agreement with those obtained within the framework of the sdf IBA-1 model and their octupole vibrational character is confirmed. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society.

  17. Photoluminescence and positron annihilation spectroscopy investigation of (Ge, Er) codoped Si oxides deposited by magnetron sputtering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heng, C. L.; Chelomentsev, E.; Peng, Z. L.; Mascher, P. [Department of Engineering Physics and Centre for Emerging Device Technologies, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1 (Canada); Simpson, P. J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have investigated the nature of violet-blue emission from (Ge, Er) codoped Si oxides (Ge+Er+SiO{sub 2}) using photoluminescence (PL) and positron annihilation spectroscopy (PAS) measurements. The PL spectra and PAS analysis for a control Ge-doped SiO{sub 2} (Ge+SiO{sub 2}) indicate that Ge-associated neutral oxygen vacancies (Ge-NOV) are likely responsible for the major emission in the violet-blue band. For Ge+Er+SiO{sub 2}, both Ge-NOV and GeO color centers are believed to be responsible for the emission band. The addition of Er has a significant influence on the emission, which is discussed in terms of Er-concentration-related structural change in the Ge+Er+SiO{sub 2}.

  18. Er/Si (111) interface intermixing investigation using core level photoemission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haderbache, L.; Wetzel, P.; Pirri, C.; Peruchetti, J.C.; Bolmont, D.; Gewinner, G. (Laboratoire de Physique et de Spectroscopie Electronique, Faculte des Sciences et Techniques 4, rue des Freres Lumiere, 68093-Mulhouse Cedex (France))

    1990-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We present in this letter Si 2{ital p} core level photoemission measurements on the Er/Si (111) interface formed at room temperature. These spectroscopic data are compared with those measured on amorphous silicide films for various Er concentrations grown by coevaporation of Er and Si species at room temperature under ultrahigh vacuum conditions. This study reveals a strong interaction between Er and the Si (111) substrate even at very low coverage. A mixed interface is observed with silicide formation up to 6 monolayers of deposited metal which corresponds to the onset of erbium metal overgrowth. The Er concentration in the interfacial silicide is found to increase as a function of the deposited Er thickness. A model for the interface is proposed and discussed.

  19. Modification of Low Quality Dairy Manure Compost with Organic Amendments Cecilia Gerngross, Randy Bow, Ron Alexander, Mark McFarland and James Supak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    Modification of Low Quality Dairy Manure Compost with Organic Amendments Cecilia Gerngross, Randy Bow, Ron Alexander, Mark McFarland and James Supak Summary Marketing compost to governmental entities an option for exporting dairy manure out of the impaired North Bosque River watershed. Composts produced

  20. Theoretical Studies of Alkyl Radicals in the NaY and HY Zeolites Khashayar Ghandi,*, Federico E. Zahariev, and Yan Alexander Wang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yan Alexander

    . Zahariev, and Yan Alexander Wang Department of Chemistry, Mount Allison UniVersity, Barclay Building, 63C York Street, SackVille, NB, Canada E4L 1G8, and Department of Chemistry, UniVersity of British Columbia in hydrocarbon transfor- mations,1 the methanol-to-gasoline process,2 and polymer synthesis.3 The largest gap

  1. 2. Burrows, M. & Hoyle, G. J. Exp. Zool. 179, 379394 (1972). 3. Alexander, R. M. & Bennet-Clark, H. C. Nature 265, 114117

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    2. Burrows, M. & Hoyle, G. J. Exp. Zool. 179, 379­394 (1972). 3. Alexander, R. M. & Bennet-Clark, H. C. Nature 265, 114­117 (1977). 4. Bennet-Clark, H. C. in The Insect Integument (ed. Hepburn, H. R

  2. Vacuum compatibility of 3D-printed materials Alexander P. Povilus, Caroline J. Wurden, Zak Vendeiro, Marcelo Baquero-Ruiz, and Joel Fajans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fajans, Joel

    Vacuum compatibility of 3D-printed materials Alexander P. Povilus, Caroline J. Wurden, Zak Vendeiro) comments on items previously published in the journal. Vacuum compatibility of 3D-printed materials for currently available 3D-printed materials including polyamide, glass, acrylic, and sterling silver

  3. THE ROLE OF SPHAGNUM IN THE ACID-BASE CHEMISTRY OF BOG WATERS Marselle Alexander-Ozinskas Bates College, Lewiston, ME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallino, Joseph J.

    than the estimated contribution from acid rain, but may still be important in assessing overall acidityTHE ROLE OF SPHAGNUM IN THE ACID-BASE CHEMISTRY OF BOG WATERS Marselle Alexander-Ozinskas ­ Bates to acidity of bog systems was investigated in two Atlantic White Cedar Swamps in Woods Hole, Massachusetts

  4. Specific features of the nonradiative relaxation of Er{sup 3+} ions in epitaxial Si structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kudryavtsev, K. E., E-mail: konstantin@ipmras.ru; Kryzhkov, D. I.; Antonov, A. V.; Shengurov, D. V.; Shmagin, V. B.; Krasilnik, Z. F. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation)

    2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The specific features of the nonradiative relaxation of Er{sup 3+} ions in Si:Er layers grown by sublimation molecular-beam epitaxy (SMBE) are studied. In Si:Er/Si diode structures containing precipitation-type emitting centers, a resonance photoresponse at the wavelength ? ? 1.5 ?m is observed, which is indicative of the nonradiative relaxation of Er3+ ions via the energy back-transfer mechanism. Saturation of the erbium-related photocurrent is for the first time observed at high temperatures. This allows estimation of the concentration of Er centers that undergo relaxation via the above-mentioned back-transfer mechanism (N{sub 0} ? 5 × 10{sup 16} cm{sup ?3}). In terms of order of magnitude, the estimated concentration N{sub 0} corresponds to the concentration of optically active Er ions upon excitation of the Si:Er layers by means of the recombination mechanism. The features of the nonradiative relaxation of Er{sup 3+} ions in Si:Er/Si structures with different types of emitting centers are analyzed.

  5. Completion Report for Well ER-2-1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bechtel Nevada

    2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Well ER-2-1 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (formerly Nevada Operations Office), in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project at the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada. This well was drilled in February and March of 2003, as part of a hydrogeologic investigation program for the Yucca Flat/Climax Mine Corrective Action Unit in the northeastern portion of the Nevada Test Site. Well ER-2-1 was drilled as part of the Yucca Flat Corrective Action Unit Phase I drilling initiative. The well is located in north central Yucca Flat within Area 2 of the Nevada Test Site, and provided information regarding the radiological and physical environment near underground nuclear tests conducted in a saturated volcanic aquifer setting. Detailed lithologic descriptions with stratigraphic assignments are included in this report. These are based on composite drill cuttings collected every 3 meters and 83 sidewall samples taken at various depths between 113.7 and 754.4 meters, supplemented by geophysical log data. Detailed petrographic, chemical, and mineralogical studies of rock samples were conducted on 27 samples of drill cuttings. The well was collared in tuffaceous alluvium, and penetrated Tertiary-age tuffs of the Timber Mountain and Paintbrush Groups, Calico Hills and Wahmonie Formations, Crater Flat Group, Grouse Canyon Formation, before reaching total depth in the Tunnel Bed Formation.

  6. Properties of the rotational bands in {sup 161}Er

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, L.; Zhou, X. H.; Wang, S. T.; Zhang, N. T.; Zhou, H. B.; Li, G. S.; Wang, H. X.; Ding, B. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Zhang, Y. H.; Zheng, Y.; Liu, M. L.; Ma, F.; Fang, Y. D.; Hua, W.; Guo, S.; Qiang, Y. H.; Lei, X. G.; Guo, Y. X. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Zhu, L. H.; Wu, X. G. [China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing 102413 (China)

    2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    High-spin states in {sup 161}Er have been studied experimentally using the {sup 150}Nd({sup 16}O,5n) reaction at a beam energy of 86 MeV. The 5/2{sup +}[642], 3/2{sup -}[521], and 11/2{sup -}[505] bands are extended up to high-spin states, and particularly the {alpha}=-1/2 branch of the ground state 3/2{sup -}[521] band is revised significantly. The relatively enhanced E1 transitions from the 3/2{sup -}[521] band to the 5/2{sup +}[642] band are observed. The band properties are analyzed within the framework of a triaxial particle-rotor model, and near-prolate shape and triaxial deformation are proposed to the 3/2{sup -}[521] and 5/2{sup +}[642] bands, respectively. Signature inversion occurs in the 3/2{sup -}[521] band after the band crossing in {sup 161}Er, and the systematics of the signature inversion associated with the 3/2{sup -}[521] configuration are discussed. By analyzing the properties of the relatively enhanced E1 transitions, it is found that the R(E1/E2) values show angular momentum dependence before the band crossing, and these enhanced E1 transitions could be attributed to octupole softness.

  7. Completion Report for Well ER-8-1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bechtel Nevada

    2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Well ER-8-1 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project at the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada. This well was drilled in October and November of 2002 as part of a Hydrogeologic investigation program for the Yucca Flat/Climax Mine Corrective Action Unit in the northeastern portion of the Nevada Test Site. Well ER-8-1 is located at the north end of Yucca Flat approximately 580 meters south-southeast of the surface exposure of the Climax granitic intrusive. Detailed lithologic descriptions with stratigraphic assignments are included in this report. These are based on composite drill cuttings samples collected every 3 meters, and 21 sidewall samples taken at various depths between 351.1 and 573.0 meters, supplemented by incomplete geophysical log data. Detailed petrographic, geochemical, and mineralogical studies of rock samples were conducted on 22 samples of drill cuttings. Drilling began in tuffaceous alluvium, and the borehole penetrated Tertiary age bedded tuffs of the Volcanics of Oak Spring Butte and carbonate sediments of Paleozoic age, which were encountered at a depth of 334 meters. The borehole unexpectedly penetrated granite at the depth of 538.9 meters in which drilling was stopped. Contact metamorphic rocks and intrusive dikes associated with the Cretaceous-age granitic intrusive and at least one significant fault zone were encountered.

  8. Vertebrate remains from the Wilson-Leonard site (41WM235), Williamson County, Texas: Holocene animal exploitation in central Texas prehistory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Barry Wayne

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    VERTEBRATE REMAINS FROM THE WILSON-LEONARD SITE (41WM235L WILLIAMSON COUNTY, TEXAS: HOLOCENE ANIMAL EXPLOITATION IN CENTRAL TEXAS PREHISTORY A Thesis by BARRY WAYNE BAKER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS May 1994 Major Subject: Anthropology VERTEBRATE REMAINS FROM THE WILSON-LEONARD SITE (41WM235), WILLIAMSON COUNTY, TEXAS: HOLOCENE ANIMAL EXPLOITATION IN CENTRAL TEXAS...

  9. Free energies of heavy quarks in full-QCD lattice simulations with Wilson-type quark action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Maezawa; S. Aoki; S. Ejiri; T. Hatsuda; N. Ishii; K. Kanaya; H. Ohno; T. Umeda

    2009-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The free energy between a static quark and an antiquark is studied by using the color-singlet Polyakov-line correlation at finite temperature in lattice QCD with 2+1 flavors of improved Wilson quarks. From the simulations on $32^3 \\times 12$, 10, 8, 6, 4 lattices in the high temperature phase, based on the fixed scale approach, we find that, the heavy-quark free energies at short distance converge to the heavy-quark potential evaluated from the Wilson loop at zero temperature, in accordance with the expected insensitivity of short distance physics to the temperature. At long distance, the heavy-quark free energies approach to twice the single-quark free energies, implying that the interaction between heavy quarks is screened. The Debye screening mass obtained from the long range behavior of the free energy is compared with the results of thermal perturbation theory.

  10. Recursion relations for multi-gluon off-shell amplitudes on the light-front and Wilson lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Cruz-Santiago; P. Kotko; A. Stasto

    2015-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the off-shell scattering amplitudes in the framework of the light-front perturbation theory. It is shown that the previously derived recursion relation between tree level off-shell amplitudes in this formalism actually resums whole classes of graphs into a Wilson line. More precisely, we establish a correspondence between the light-front methods for the computation of the off-shell amplitudes and the approach which makes use of the matrix elements of straight infinite Wilson lines, which are manifestly gauge invariant objects. Furthermore, since it is needed to explicitly verify the gauge invariance of light-front amplitudes, it is demonstrated that the Ward identities in this framework need additional instantaneous terms in the light-front graphs.

  11. Recursion relations for multi-gluon off-shell amplitudes on the light-front and Wilson lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cruz-Santiago, C; Stasto, A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the off-shell scattering amplitudes in the framework of the light-front perturbation theory. It is shown that the previously derived recursion relation between tree level off-shell amplitudes in this formalism actually resums whole classes of graphs into a Wilson line. More precisely, we establish a correspondence between the light-front methods for the computation of the off-shell amplitudes and the approach which makes use of the matrix elements of straight infinite Wilson lines, which are manifestly gauge invariant objects. Furthermore, since it is needed to explicitly verify the gauge invariance of light-front amplitudes, it is demonstrated that the Ward identities in this framework need additional instantaneous terms in the light-front graphs.

  12. Thermodynamics of two-flavor lattice QCD with an improved Wilson quark action at non-zero temperature and density

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Maezawa; S. Aoki; S. Ejiri; T. Hatsuda; N. Ishii; K. Kanaya; N. Ukita

    2007-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the current status of our systematic studies of the QCD thermodynamics by lattice QCD simulations with two flavors of improved Wilson quarks. We evaluate the critical temperature of two flavor QCD in the chiral limit at zero chemical potential and show the preliminary result. Also we discuss fluctuations at none-zero temperature and density by calculating the quark number and isospin susceptibilities and their derivatives with respect to chemical potential.

  13. LM Glasfiber er verdens strste pro-ducent af vinger til vindmller.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LM Glasfiber er verdens største pro- ducent af vinger til vindmøller. Udvikling og afprøvning af mekaniske test", forklarer civilinge- niør Torben Jacobsen fra LM Glasfiber. LM Glasfiber i Lunderskov er internationale vindmølle-fabrikanter. Torben Jacobsen kom til LM Glasfiber fra Risø, hvor han var tilknyttet

  14. Electrical properties of Er-doped In0.53Ga0.47As

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Peter G.; Lu, Hong; Rudawski, Nicholas G.; Gossard, Arthur G.; Bahk, Je-Hyeong; Bowers, John E.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    03C117-3 Burke et al. : Electrical properties of Er-doped InElectrical properties of Er-doped In 0.53 Ga 0.47 As PeterBahk and John E. Bowers Electrical and Computer Engineering

  15. Wilson polynomials/functions and intertwining operators for the generic quantum superintegrable system on the 2-sphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willard Miller Jr; Qiushi Li

    2015-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been known since 2007 that the Wilson and Racah polynomials can be characterized as basis functions for irreducible representations of the quadratic symmetry algebra of the quantum superintegrable system on the 2-sphere, $H\\Psi=E\\Psi$, with generic 3-parameter potential. Clearly, the polynomials are expansion coefficients for one eigenbasis of a symmetry operator $L_1$ of $H$ in terms of an eigenbasis of another symmetry operator $L_2$, but the exact relationship appears not to have been made explicit. We work out the details of the expansion to show, explicitly, how the polynomials arise and how the principal properties of these functions: the measure, 3-term recurrence relation, 2nd order difference equation, duality of these relations, permutation symmetry, intertwining operators and an alternate derivation of Wilson functions -- follow from the symmetry of this quantum system. There is active interest in the relation between multivariable Wilson polynomials and the quantum superintegrable system on the $n$-sphere with generic potential, and these results should aid in the generalization. Contracting function space realizations of irreducible representations of this quadratic algebra to the other superintegrable systems one can obtain the full Askey scheme of orthogonal hypergeometric polynomials. All of these contractions of superintegrable systems with potential are uniquely induced by Wigner Lie algebra contractions of $so(3, C )$ and $e(2, C)$. All of the polynomials produced are interpretable as quantum expansion coefficients. It is important to extend this process to higher dimensions.

  16. EPR = ER and Scattering Amplitude as Entanglement Entropy Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seki, Shigenori

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Alday and Maldacena have found an exact minimal surface of open string world-sheet describing a gluon scattering. We study the causal structure of that minimal surface in AdS of position space, and find a world-sheet wormhole parametrized by Mandelstam variables. If we figure a gluon as an open string in AdS, the ribbon connecting the two strings always pass the world-sheet wormhole, demonstrating the EPR = ER for gluon scattering. Since entanglement is caused by an interaction, one can ask what is the relation between entanglement entropy and the scattering amplitude. We propose an answer by generalizing the holographic entanglement entropy (EE) of Ryu-Takayanagi to the case where two regions are divided in space-time and interpret the result as the change of EE.

  17. Completion Report for Well ER-EC-1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Townsend, M.J.

    2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Well ER-EC-1 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project at the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada. This well was drilled in the spring of 1999 as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's hydrogeologic investigation well program in the Western Pahute Mesa - Oasis Valley region just west of the Test Site. A 44.5-centimeter surface hole was drilled and cased off to the depth 675.1 meters below the surface. The hole diameter was then decreased to 31.1 centimeters for drilling to a total depth of 1,524.0 meters. A preliminary composite, static, water level was measured at the depth of approximately 566.3 meters prior to installation of the completion string. One completion string with three isolated, slotted intervals was installed in the well. Detailed lithologic descriptions with preliminary stratigraphic assignments are included in the report. These are based on composite drill cuttings collected every 3 meters and 31 sidewall samples taken at various depths below 680 meters, supplemented by geophysical log data. Detailed chemical and mineralogical studies of rock samples are in progress. The well penetrated Tertiary-age lava and tuff of the Timber Mountain Group, the Paintbrush Group, the Calico Hills Formation, the Crater Flat Group, and the Volcanics of Quartz Mountain. The preliminary geologic interpretation of data from Well ER-EC-1 indicates the presence of a structural trough or bench filled with a thick section of post-Rainier Mesa lava. These data also suggest that this site is located on a buried structural ridge that may separate the Silent Canyon and Timber Mountain caldera complexes.

  18. Completion Report for Well ER-18-2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bechtel Nevada

    2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Well ER-18-2 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project at the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada. This well, located on Buckboard Mesa in the western part of the Nevada Test Site, was drilled in the spring of 1999 as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's hydrogeologic investigation well program in the Western Pahute Mesa - Oasis Valley region just west of the Test Site. A 44.5-centimeter surface hole was drilled and cased off to the depth 408.1 meters below the surface. The hole diameter was then decreased to 31.1 centimeters for drilling to a total depth of 762.0 meters. A preliminary composite, static, water level was measured at the depth of approximately 369.7 meters approximately two months after the completion string was installed. One completion string with three isolated, slotted intervals was installed in the well. Detailed lithologic descriptions with preliminary stratigraphic assignments are included in the report. These are based on composite drill cuttings collected every 3 meters and 15 sidewall samples taken at various depths below 420 meters, supplemented by geophysical log data and results of detailed chemical and mineralogical studies of rock samples. The upper part of the well penetrated Tertiary-age basalt, underlain by tuffaceous moat-filling sediments interbedded with ash-flow tuff units of the Thirsty Canyon Group and the Beatty Wash Formation. The lower half of the drill hole penetrated ash-flow tuff of the mafic-rich Ammonia Tanks Tuff. The geologic interpretation of data from Well ER-18-2 indicates that this site is located inside the structural margin of the Ammonia Tanks caldera.

  19. Carrier transfer from InAs quantum dots to ErAs metal nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haughn, C. R.; Chen, E. Y.; Zide, J. M. O.; Doty, M. F., E-mail: doty@udel.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States); Steenbergen, E. H.; Bissell, L. J.; Eyink, K. G. [AFRL/RXAN, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States)

    2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Erbium arsenide (ErAs) is a semi-metallic material that self-assembles into nanoparticles when grown in GaAs via molecular beam epitaxy. We use steady-state and time-resolved photoluminescence to examine the mechanism of carrier transfer between indium arsenide (InAs) quantum dots and ErAs nanoparticles in a GaAs host. We probe the electronic structure of the ErAs metal nanoparticles (MNPs) and the optoelectronic properties of the nanocomposite and show that the carrier transfer rates are independent of pump intensity. This result suggests that the ErAs MNPs have a continuous density of states and effectively act as traps. The absence of a temperature dependence tells us that carrier transfer from the InAs quantum dots to ErAs MNPs is not phonon assisted. We show that the measured photoluminescence decay rates are consistent with a carrier tunneling model.

  20. Infrared features of KS fermion and Wilson fermion in Lattice Landau Gauge QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadataka Furui; Hideo Nakajima

    2007-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The running coupling and the Kugo-Ojima parameter of unquenched lattice Landau gauge are simulated and compared with the continuum theory. Presence of infrared fixed point of $\\alpha_0\\sim 2-2.5$ irrespective of the fermion actions (Wilson fermions and Kogut-Susskind(KS) fermions) in the continuum and in the chiral limit is suggested. Although there exists dependence on the polarization due to asymmetry of the lattice (time axis is longer than spacial axes), the Kugo-Ojima parameter $c$ is consistent with 1. Presence of $1+c_1/q^2$ correction factor in the running coupling depends on the lattice size and the sea quark mass. In the large lattice size and small sea quark mass, $c_1\\sim 2.8$GeV is confirmed. The MILC configuration of $a=0.09$fm suggests also presence of dimension 4 condensates with sign opposite to the dimension 2 condensates. The gluon propagator, the ghost propagator and the running coupling are compared with recent pQCD results including anomalous dimension of fields up to the 4-loop level.

  1. Resumming planar diagrams for the N=6 ABJM cusped Wilson loop in light-cone gauge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniele Marmiroli

    2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyse a light-like cusped Wilson loop in N=6 superconformal Chern-Simons theory at both weak and strong coupling in light-cone gauge. At the second order in the 't Hooft coupling $\\lambda$ the correct cusp anomalous dimension $\\Gamma_{\\rm cusp}=-\\phi / 2 \\lambda^2$ is recovered through a deformation of the contour that takes both rays of the cusp slightly off of the light-cone. The strong coupling behaviour is addressed by means of the Bethe-Salpeter equation for ladders of tree-level gauge propagators and ladders of one-loop corrected gauge propagators. It turns out that, as might be expected, the contribution of Chern-Simons tree-level propagators is insensitive of the cusp angle $\\phi$. On the other hand, corrected propagators lead to an exponential large $\\lambda$ behaviour $\\Gamma_{\\rm cusp} \\sim \\exp\\sqrt{\\lambda\\phi}$ which, though, disagrees with the AdS/CFT predictions in the power of $\\phi$.

  2. Are entangled particles connected by wormholes? Support for the ER=EPR conjecture from entropy inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gharibyan, Hrant

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    If spacetime is built out of quantum bits, does the shape of space depend on how the bits are entangled? The ER=EPR conjecture relates the entanglement entropy of a collection of black holes to the cross sectional area of Einstein-Rosen (ER) bridges (or wormholes) connecting them. We show that the geometrical entropy of classical ER bridges satisfies the subadditivity, triangle, strong subadditivity, and CLW inequalities. These are nontrivial properties of entanglement entropy, so this is evidence for ER=EPR. We further show that the entanglement entropy associated to classical ER bridges has nonpositive interaction information. This is not a property of entanglement entropy, in general. For example, the entangled four qubit pure state |GHZ_4>=(|0000>+|1111>)/\\sqrt{2} has positive interaction information, so this state cannot be described by a classical ER bridge. Large black holes with massive amounts of entanglement between them can fail to have a classical ER bridge if they are built out of |GHZ_4> states....

  3. 2012 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit Keynote Presentation (Frederick W. Smith, FedEx Corporation), with Introduction by Senator Lamar Alexander (TN)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Frederick W. (FedEx Corporation, Chairman, President and CEO) [FedEx Corporation, Chairman, President and CEO

    2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The third annual ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit was held in Washington D.C. in February, 2012. The event brought together key players from across the energy ecosystem - researchers, entrepreneurs, investors, corporate executives, and government officials - to share ideas for developing and deploying the next generation of energy technologies. Following introduction by Senator Lamar Alexander of Tennessee, Frederick W. Smith, Chairman, President, and CEO of FedEx Corporation, gave the third keynote presentation of the day.

  4. 2012 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit Keynote Presentation (Frederick W. Smith, FedEx Corporation), with Introduction by Senator Lamar Alexander (TN)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Smith, Frederick W. (FedEx Corporation, Chairman, President and CEO)

    2014-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The third annual ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit was held in Washington D.C. in February, 2012. The event brought together key players from across the energy ecosystem - researchers, entrepreneurs, investors, corporate executives, and government officials - to share ideas for developing and deploying the next generation of energy technologies. Following introduction by Senator Lamar Alexander of Tennessee, Frederick W. Smith, Chairman, President, and CEO of FedEx Corporation, gave the third keynote presentation of the day.

  5. Completion Report for Well ER-7-1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bechtel Nevada

    2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Well ER-7-1 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project at the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada. This well was drilled in January and February 2003, as part of a hydrogeologic investigation program in Yucca Flat. A 47.0-centimeter surface hole was drilled and cased off to a depth of 541.0 meters below the surface. The hole diameter was then decreased to 31.8 centimeters for drilling to a total depth of 762.0 meters. Detailed lithologic descriptions with stratigraphic assignments are included in this report. These are based on composite drill cuttings collected every 3 meters, and 62 sidewall samples taken at various depths below 85.3 meters, supplemented by geophysical log data. Detailed petrographic, chemical, and mineralogical studies were conducted on 22 samples of cuttings. The well was collared in Quaternary surficial deposits and penetrated a thick section of Tertiary-age volcanic deposits before terminating in carbonate rocks of Paleozoic-age.

  6. Completion Report for Wells ER-20-8 and ER-20-8#2 Corrective Action Units 101 and 102: Central and Western Pahute Mesa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Environmental Management

    2011-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Wells ER-20-8 and ER-20-8#2 were drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project at the Nevada National Security Site (formerly Nevada Test Site), Nye County, Nevada. The holes were drilled in July and August 2009, as part of the Pahute Mesa Phase II drilling program. The primary purpose of these wells was to provide detailed hydrogeologic information in the Tertiary volcanic section that will help address uncertainties within the Pahute Mesa–Oasis Valley hydrostratigraphic framework model. They may also be used as long-term monitoring wells.

  7. DEPART:tvIENT OF ENERG Y EERE PROJ ECT MANAGEMENT CEN T ER NEPA...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    tvIENT OF ENERG Y EERE PROJ ECT MANAGEMENT CEN T ER NEPA DETERlIlINAIION RECIPIENT;County of Montgomery Page 1 of2 STATE: PA R liO i PROJELi TITLE: Montgomery County (PA):...

  8. Mitigating Bu er Over ows by Operating System Randomization 1 Monica Chew Dawn Song

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Dawn

    of Bu#11;er Over ow A di#11;erent approach can be used to solve each of the three necessary conditions for successful exploits. These approaches were chosen with the goal of increasing the work factor for successful

  9. Electrical properties of Er-doped In0.53Ga0.47As

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    semiconductors doped with rare- earth elements is of signi?applications. 4 However, rare-earth elements, such as Er,pos- sibility of using rare-earth elements for doping narrow

  10. Are entangled particles connected by wormholes? Evidence for the ER = EPR conjecture from entropy inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gharibyan, Hrant

    If spacetime is built out of quantum bits, does the shape of space depend on how the bits are entangled? The ER = EPR conjecture relates the entanglement entropy of a collection of black holes to the cross sectional area ...

  11. Magnetic Properties of RB66 (R = Gd, Tb, Ho, Er, and Lu)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Hyunsoo; Budko, Serguei; ATanatar, Makariy; Avdashchenko, D.V.; Matovnikov, A.V.; Mitroshenkov, N.V.; Novikov, V.V.; Prozorov, Ruslan

    2012-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We report magnetic susceptibility measurements of RB66 (R = Gd, Tb, Ho, Er, and Lu) boron-rich rare earth containing borides down to 50 mK. The data suggest a spin glass low temperature state for RB66 (R = Gd, Tb, Ho, and Er) with the freezing temperatures below 1 K. The magnetic properties appear to be influenced by the anisotropy of the magnetic moments, probably via the crystalline electric field effects.

  12. Ris har udgivet en rapport om moderne bioenergi. Den slr fast, at biomasse er en

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø har udgivet en rapport om moderne bioenergi. Den slår fast, at biomasse er en ligeså værdifuld eventyret med moderne bioenergi i hovedrollen. På Risø skubber vi eventyret i gang ved at udvikle nye større skala, end man troede det muligt for bare få år siden. Andre perspektiver for bioenergien er

  13. Rare earth focused ion beam implantation utilizing Er and Pr liquid alloy ion sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steckl, Andrew J.

    Pr,10,11 Eu,12 Dy,13 Er,13­15 and Tm16 doped GaN. Rare earth elements were added during growthRare earth focused ion beam implantation utilizing Er and Pr liquid alloy ion sources L. C. Chao, B write implantation. © 1999 American Vacuum Society. S0734-211X 99 08306-7 I. INTRODUCTION Rare earth

  14. At skrive speciale eller ph.d.-afhandling p Ris er en mulighed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    forskningsmiljø- et. Det er en god ballast at have med i det senere karriereforløb". Når seniorforsker Jimmy Bak for Optik og Fluid Dynamik udbyder Jimmy Bak et forskningsprojekt som del af et ph.d.-studie. Projektet, der ugen. Side 11 >> E-mail: jimmy.bak@risoe.dk "Som vejleder vil jeg påstå, at udfor- dringen ikke kun er

  15. Influence of Bi on the Er luminescence in yttrium-erbium disilicate thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scarangella, Adriana [MATIS-IMM CNR, Via S. Sofia 64, 95123 Catania (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Catania, Via S. Sofia 64, 95123 Catania (Italy); Miritello, Maria, E-mail: maria.miritello@ct.infn.it [MATIS-IMM CNR, Via S. Sofia 64, 95123 Catania (Italy); Priolo, Francesco [MATIS-IMM CNR, Via S. Sofia 64, 95123 Catania (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Catania, Via S. Sofia 64, 95123 Catania (Italy); Scuola Superiore di Catania, Università di Catania, Via Valdisavoia 9, 95123 Catania (Italy)

    2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The influence of bismuth on erbium optical properties at 1.54??m has been investigated in yttrium-erbium disilicate thin films synthesized by magnetron co-sputtering and implanted with two Bi different doses. The Bi depth distribution and the evolution of its oxidation states after annealing treatments at 1000?°C in two atmospheres, O{sub 2} and N{sub 2}, have been investigated. It was found that only in O{sub 2} the Bi{sup 3+} valence state is prevalent, thanks to the enhanced Bi mobility in the oxidizing ambient, as demonstrated by Rutherford backscattering spectrometry. At lower Bi content, although the formation of Bi{sup 0} metallic nanoparticles that are deleterious non radiative channels for Er luminescence, efficient energy transfer from Bi to Er has been obtained only in O{sub 2}. It is due to the excitation of ultraviolet broad Bi{sup 3+} absorption band and the energy transfer to Er ions. We have evaluated that in this case, Er effective excitation cross section increased by a factor of 5 in respect with the one for direct Er absorption at 488?nm. At higher Bi dose, this mechanism is absent, but an increased Er optical efficiency at 1.54??m has been observed under resonant excitation. It is due to the contribution of a fraction of Er ions having an increased lifetime. This phenomenon is associated with the formation of Bi agglomerates, induced at higher Bi doses, which well isolate Er from non-radiative quenching centers. The increased decay time assures higher optical efficiency at 1.54??m.

  16. Completion Report for Well ER-EC-2A

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M. J. Townsend

    2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Well ER-EC-2A was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Operations Office, in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project at the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada. This well was drilled in January and February of 2000 as part of a hydrogeologic investigation program in the Pahute Mesa - Oasis Valley region just west of the Nevada Test Site. A 44.5-centimeter surface hole was drilled and cased off to a depth of 412.9 meters below the surface. The hole diameter was then decreased to 31.1 centimeters for drilling to a total depth of 1,516.1 meters. One completion string with three isolated slotted intervals was installed in the well. A preliminary composite, static water level was measured at the depth of 228.0 meters, approximately two months after installation of the completion string. Detailed lithologic descriptions with preliminary stratigraphic assignments are included in this report. These are based on composite drill cuttings collected every 3 meters, and 81 sidewall samples taken at various depths below 212 meters, supplemented by geophysical log data. Detailed petrographic, chemical, and mineralogical studies of rock samples were conducted on 30 samples. The well was collared in rhyolite lava and penetrated Tertiary-age lava and tuff of the Volcanics of Fortymile Canyon and the Timber Mountain Group. The preliminary geologic interpretation of borehole data indicates that this well was drilled within the margins of the buried Rainier Mesa and Ammonia Tanks calderas, and that caldera collapse in this area was deeper than expected, resulting in a section of Volcanics of Fortymile Canyon (caldera-filling deposit) that is much thicker than expected.

  17. Completion Report for Well ER-EC-4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M. J. Townsend

    2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Well ER-EC-4 was drilled for the US Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project at the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada. This well was drilled in the summer of 1999 as part of the U.S Department of Energy's hydrogeologic investigation well program in the Western Pahute Mesa - Oasis Valley region just west of the Test Site. A 44.5-centimeter surface hole was drilled and cased off to a depth of 263.7 meters below the surface. The hole diameter was then decreased to 31.1 centimeters for drilling to a total depth of 1,062.8 meters. One completion string with three isolated slotted intervals was installed in the well. A preliminary composite, static, water level was measured at the depth of 228.3 meters, two months after installation of the completion string. Detailed lithologic descriptions with preliminary stratigraphic assignments are included in the report. These are based on composite drill cuttings collected every 3 meters, and 35 sidewall samples taken at various depths below 286.5 meters, supplemented by geophysical log data. Detailed chemical and mineralogical studies of rock samples are in progress. The well was collared in basalt and penetrated Tertiary-age lava and tuff of the Thirsty Canyon Group, the Volcanics of Fortymile Canyon, and the Timber Mountain Group. The preliminary geologic interpretation of data from this well helps pinpoint the location of the western margin of the Timber Mountain caldera complex in the southern Nevada volcanic field.

  18. Completion Report for Well ER-EC-5

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bechtel Nevada

    2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Well ER-EC-5 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project at the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada. This well was drilled in the summer of 1999 as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's hydrogeologic investigation program in the Western Pahute Mesa - Oasis Valley region just west of the Nevada Test Site. A 44.5-centimeter surface hole was drilled and cased off to a depth of 342.6 meters below ground surface. The borehole diameter was then decreased to 31.1 centimeters for drilling to a total depth of 762.0 meters. One completion string with three isolated slotted intervals was installed in the well. A preliminary composite, static water level was measured at the depth of 309.9 meters, 40 days after installation of the completion string. Detailed lithologic descriptions with stratigraphic assignments are included in the report. These are based on composite drill cuttings collected every 3 meters, and 18 sidewall samples taken at various depths below 349.6 meters, supplemented by geophysical log data and results from detailed chemical and mineralogical analyses of rock samples. The well penetrated Tertiary-age tuffs of the Thirsty Canyon Group, caldera moat-filling sedimentary deposits, lava of the Beatty Wash Formation, and landslide breccia and tuffs of the Timber Mountain Group. The well reached total depth in welded ashflow tuff of the Ammonia Tanks Tuff after penetrating 440.1 meters of this unit, which is also the main water-producing unit in the well. The geologic interpretation of data from this well constrains the western margin of the Ammonia Tanks caldera to the west of the well location.

  19. Completion report for Well ER-EC-6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M. J. Townsend

    2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Well ER-EC-6 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project at the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada. This well was drilled in the spring of 1999 as part of the DOE's hydrogeologic investigation well program in the Western Pahute Mesa - Oasis Valley region just west of the Nevada Test Site. A 66-centimeter surface hole was drilled and cased off to the depth of 485.1 meters below the surface. The hole diameter was then decreased to 31.1 centimeters for drilling to a total depth of 1,524.0 meters. A preliminary composite, static, water level was measured at the depth of approximately 434.6 meters prior to installation of the completion string. One completion string with four isolated, slotted intervals was installed in the well. Detailed lithologic descriptions with preliminary stratigraphic assignments are included in the report. These are based on composite drill cuttings collected every 3 meters and 33 sidewall samples taken at various depths below 504.4 meters, supplemented by geophysical log data. Detailed chemical and mineralogical studies of rock samples are in progress. The well penetrated Tertiary-age lava and tuff of the Timber Mountain Group, the Paintbrush Group, the Calico Hills Formation, and the Volcanics of Quartz Mountain. Intense hydrothermal alteration was observed below the depth of 640 m. The preliminary geologic interpretation indicates that this site may be located on a buried structural ridge that separates the Silent Canyon and Timber Mountain caldera complexes.

  20. Completion Report for Well ER-EC-7

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bechtel Nevada

    2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Well ER-EC-7 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project at the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada. This well was drilled in the summer of 1999 as part of the Department of Energy's hydrogeologic investigation program in the Western Pahute Mesa - Oasis Valley region just west of the Test Site. A 44.5-centimeter surface hole was drilled and cased off to a depth of 265.8 meters below the surface. The hole diameter was then decreased to 31.1 centimeters for drilling to a total depth of 422.5 meters. The planned depth of 762 meters was not reached due to borehole stability problems. One completion string with two isolated slotted intervals was installed in the well. A preliminary composite, static, water level was measured at the depth of 227.8 meters, 20 days after installation of the completion string. Detailed lithologic descriptions with stratigraphic assignments are included in the report. These are based on composite drill cuttings, supplemented by geophysical log data, and incorporating data from detailed chemical and mineralogical studies of rock samples. Beneath a thin alluvial deposit, the well penetrated 410 meters of lava and bedded tuff of the Volcanics of Fortymile Canyon Group, deposited in the Timber Mountain caldera moat after caldera collapse. The geologic interpretation of data from this well provides information on the thickness, lithologic composition, and hydrogeologic character of moat-filling rocks in the southern portion of the Timber Mountain caldera complex in the southwestern Nevada volcanic field.

  1. Completion Report for Well ER-EC-8

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bechtel Nevada

    2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Well ER-EC-8 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project at the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada. This well was drilled in the summer of 1999 as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's hydrogeologic investigation program in the Western Pahute Mesa - Oasis Valley region just west of the Nevada Test Site. A 44.5-centimeter surface hole was drilled and cased off to a depth of 129.8 meters below the surface. The hole diameter was then decreased to 31.1 centimeters for drilling to a total depth of 609.6 meters. One completion string with three isolated slotted intervals was installed in the well. A preliminary composite, static water level was measured at the depth of 98.4 meters, 24 days after installation of the completion string. Detailed lithologic descriptions with stratigraphic assignments are included in the report. These are based on evaluation of composite drill cuttings collected every 3 meters, and 20 sidewall samples taken at various depths below 157.9 meters, supplemented by geophysical log data and results of detailed chemical and mineralogical studies of rock samples. Drilling began in Tertiary-age tuff of the Thirsty Canyon Group, and penetrated tuffs of the Beatty Wash Formation, tuff of Buttonhook Wash, and the upper portion of the Ammonia Tanks Tuff. The geologic interpretation of data from this well helps define the location of the western margin of the Timber Mountain caldera complex in the southwestern Nevada volcanic field. Geologic and hydrologic data from the well will aid in development of models to predict groundwater flow and contaminant migration within and near the Nevada Test Site.

  2. Completion Report for Well ER-12-2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bechtel Nevada

    2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Well ER-12-2 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office, in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project at the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada. The well was drilled from November 2002 to January 2003 as part of a hydrogeologic investigation program for the Yucca Flat Corrective Action Unit. The overall purpose of the well was to gather subsurface data to better characterize the hydrogeology in the northwestern portion of Yucca Flat. The well was drilled to total measured depth of 2,097.9 meters. The 131.1-centimeter-diameter borehole was left open (i.e., uncased) below the base of the intermediate casing at 901.6 meters. A piezometer string was installed outside the surface casing to a depth of 176.4 meters to monitor a zone of perched water. Data gathered during and shortly after hole construction include composite drill cuttings samples collected every 3 meters, sidewall core samples from 7 depths, various geophysical logs, and water level measurements. These data indicate that the well penetrated, in descending order, 137.5 meters of Quaternary and Tertiary alluvium, 48.8 meters of Tertiary volcanic rocks, 289.6 meters of Mississippian Chainman Shale, and 1,622.5 meters of Mississippian and Upper Devonian Eleana Formation consisting of shale, argillite, sandstone, quartzite, and limestone. Forty-seven days after the well was drilled the water level inside the main hole was tagged at the depth of 65.43 meters, and the water level inside the piezometer string was tagged at 127.14 meters.

  3. Report of a workshop on nuclear forces and nonproliferation Woodrow Wilson international center for scholars, Washington, DC October 28, 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pilat, Joseph F [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A workshop sponsored by the Los Alamos National Laboratory in cooperation with the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars was held at the Wilson Center in Washington, DC, on October 28, 2010. The workshop addressed evolving nuclear forces and their impacts on nonproliferation in the context of the new strategic environment, the Obama Administration's Nuclear Posture Review and the 2010 NPT Review Conference. The discussions reflected the importance of the NPR for defining the role of US nuclear forces in dealing with 21st century threats and providing guidance for National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and Department of Defense (DoD) programs and, for many but not all participants, highlighted its role in the successful outcome of the NPT RevCon. There was widespread support for the NPR and its role in developing the foundations for a sustainable nuclear-weapon program that addresses nuclear weapons, infrastructure and expertise in the broader nonproliferation, disarmament and international security contexts. However, some participants raised concerns about its implementation and its long-term effectiveness and sustainability.

  4. Pahute Mesa Well Development and Testing Analyses for Wells ER-20-8 and ER-20-4, Nevada National Security Site, Nye County, Nevada, Revision 0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greg Ruskauff and Sam Marutzky

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wells ER-20-4 and ER-20-8 were drilled during fiscal year (FY) 2009 and FY 2010 (NNSA/NSO, 2011a and b). The closest underground nuclear test detonations to the area of investigation are TYBO (U-20y), BELMONT (U-20as), MOLBO (U-20ag), BENHAM (U-20c), and HOYA (U-20 be) (Figure 1-1). The TYBO, MOLBO, and BENHAM detonations had working points located below the regional water table. The BELMONT and HOYA detonation working points were located just above the water table, and the cavity for these detonations are calculated to extend below the water table (Pawloski et al., 2002). The broad purpose of Wells ER-20-4 and ER-20-8 is to determine the extent of radionuclide-contaminated groundwater, the geologic formations, groundwater geochemistry as an indicator of age and origin, and the water-bearing properties and hydraulic conditions that influence radionuclide migration. Well development and testing is performed to determine the hydraulic properties at the well and between other wells, and to obtain groundwater samples at the well that are representative of the formation at the well. The area location, wells, underground nuclear detonations, and other features are shown in Figure 1-1. Hydrostratigraphic cross sections A-A’, B-B’, C-C’, and D-D’ are shown in Figures 1-2 through 1-5, respectively.

  5. Electrospun nanofibers of Er{sup 3+}-doped TiO{sub 2} with photocatalytic activity beyond the absorption edge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zheng, Yali; Wang, Wenzhong, E-mail: wzwang@mail.sic.ac.cn

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Er{sup 3+}-doped TiO{sub 2} nanofibers with different Er{sup 3+} contents were prepared via electrospinning and characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, ultraviolet–visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and photocurrent measurement. Photocatalytic activities of the as-prepared samples were evaluated by the decolorization of methyl orange aqueous solution under simulated solar light irradiation. The results indicated that the photocatalytic activity of Er{sup 3+}-doped TiO{sub 2} nanofibers was much higher than that of the undoped one, and the optimal dosage of Er{sup 3+} at 1 mol% achieved the highest degradation rate. Moreover, the photocatalytic activity of Er{sup 3+}-doped TiO{sub 2} nanofibers under the irradiation of light with the wavelength beyond the absorption edge of TiO{sub 2} was explored by the decolorization of a dye, rhodamine B and the photodegradation of a typical colorless pollutant, phenol. The results further revealed the mechanism of the enhanced photocatalytic activity through Er{sup 3+} doping in TiO{sub 2} nanofibers. - Graphical abstract: Display Omitted - Highlights: ?Er{sup 3+}:TiO{sub 2} nanofibers with different Er{sup 3+} contents were prepared via electrospinning. ?The photocatalytic activity of Er{sup 3+}:TiO{sub 2} was much higher than that of undoped one. ?Er{sup 3+}:TiO{sub 2} could be activated by the light with wavelength beyond the absorption edge.

  6. Carrier transport properties of nanocrystalline Er{sub 3}N@C{sub 80}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, Yong, E-mail: sun@ele.kyutech.ac.jp; Maeda, Yuki; Sezaimaru, Hiroki; Sakaino, Masamichi [Department of Applied Science for Integrated System Engineering, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Senshuimachi, Tobata, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka 804-8550 (Japan); Kirimoto, Kenta [Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Kitakyushu National College of Technology, 5-20-1 shii, Kokuraminami, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka 802-0985 (Japan)

    2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrical transport properties of the nanocrystalline Er{sub 3}N@C{sub 80} with fcc crystal structure were characterized by measuring both temperature-dependent d.c. conductance and a.c. impedance. The results showed that the Er{sub 3}N@C{sub 80} sample has characteristics of n-type semiconductor and an electron affinity larger than work function of gold metal. The Er{sub 3}N@C{sub 80}/Au interface has an ohmic contact behavior and the contact resistance was very small as compared with bulk resistance of the Er{sub 3}N@C{sub 80} sample. The charge carriers in the sample were thermally excited from various trapped levels and both acoustic phonon and ionic scatterings become a dominant process in different temperature regions, respectively. At temperatures below 250?K, the activation energy of the trapped carrier was estimated to be 35.5?meV, and the ionic scattering was a dominant mechanism. On the other hand, at temperatures above 350?K, the activation energy was reduced to 15.9?meV, and the acoustic phonon scattering was a dominant mechanism. In addition, a polarization effect from the charge carrier was observed at low frequencies below 2.0 MHz, and the relative intrinsic permittivity of the Er{sub 3}N@C{sub 80} nanocrystalline lattice was estimated to be 4.6 at frequency of 5.0 MHz.

  7. On Tuning the Microarchitecture of an HPS Implementation of the VAX James E. Wilson, Steve Melvin, Michael Shebanow, Wen-mei Hwu, and Yale N. Patt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melvin, Stephen

    On Tuning the Microarchitecture of an HPS Implementation of the VAX James E. Wilson, Steve Melvin into the use of HPS as a microarchitecture for the VAX. In this paper, we describe our first full simulation of the microVAX subset, and report the results of varying (i.e. tuning) certain important parameters. 1

  8. 2010-2011 Princeton Graduate Students with Academic Interests in South Asia Shahana Chattaraj, PHD, Woodrow Wilson School, Urban Policy shahanac@princeton.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowley, Clarence W.

    , International Relations, India-China Foreign Policy, rmukherj@princeton.edu Kanta Murali, Phd, Poli Sci, Woodrow Wilson School, Urban Policy shahanac@princeton.edu Barret F Bradstreet, Phd, WWS, Security Studies, India dspears@princeton.edu Rohit Lamba, Phd Econ, theory, rlamba@princeton.edu, rlamba

  9. Thermodynamics and heavy-quark free energies at finite temperature and density with two flavors of improved Wilson quarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Maezawa; S. Aoki; S. Ejiri; T. Hatsuda; N. Ishii; K. Kanaya; N. Ukita; T. Umeda

    2007-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermodynamics of two-flavor QCD at finite temperature and density is studied on a $16^3 \\times 4$ lattice, using a renormalization group improved gauge action and the clover improved Wilson quark action. In the simulations along lines of constant $m_{\\rm PS}/m_{\\rm V}$, we calculate the Taylor expansion coefficients of the heavy-quark free energy with respect to the quark chemical potential ($\\mu_q$) up to the second order. By comparing the expansion coefficients of the free energies between quark($Q$)and antiquark($\\bar{Q}$), and between $Q$ and $Q$, we find a characteristic difference at finite $\\mu_q$ due to the first order coefficient of the Taylor expansion. We also calculate the quark number and isospin susceptibilities, and find that the second order coefficient of the quark number susceptibility shows enhancement around the pseudo-critical temperature.

  10. Magnetic and superconducting phase diagrams in ErNi2B2C

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Galvis, J.A.; Crespo, M.; Guillamon, I.; Suderow, Hermann; Vieira, S.; Garcia Hernandez, M.; Budko, Serguei; Canfield, Paul

    2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We present measurements of the superconducting upper critical field Hc2(T) and the magneticphasediagram of the superconductor ErNi2B2C made with a scanning tunneling microscope (STM). The magnetic field was applied in the basal plane of the tetragonal crystal structure. We have found large gapless regions in the superconductingphasediagram of ErNi2B2C, extending between different magnetic transitions. A close correlation between magnetic transitions and Hc2(T) is found, showing that superconductivity is strongly linked to magnetism.

  11. Audit Report: ER-L-02-01 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustionImprovement3--Logistical5/08 Attendance List fromER-L-02-01 Audit Report: ER-L-02-01 February

  12. Laying the groundwork at the AGS: Recent results from experiment E895 M.A. Lisa a , N.N. Ajitanand b , J.M. Alexander b , M.Anderson c , D. Best d , F.P. Brady c ,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brookhaven National Laboratory

    .N. Ajitanand b , J.M. Alexander b , M.Anderson c , D. Best d , F.P. Brady c , T. Case d , W. Caskey c , D, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania k St. Mary's College, Moraga, California l University of Auckland, Auckland, New

  13. Ice Classification in the Southern Ocean Using ERS-1 Scatterometer David S.Early, David G. Long

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, David G.

    Ice Classification in the Southern Ocean Using ERS-1 Scatterometer Data David S.Early, David G for classifying Southern Ocean sea ice from enhanced resolution ERS-1 scat- terometer images is presented of a measure of the anisotropy, is used to further help delineate sea ice types. Ice 'l'ype Backscatter feange

  14. Towards an Er-doped Si nanocrystal sensitized waveguide laser the thin line between gain and loss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polman, Albert

    somehow be eliminated from this scheme, the fabrication of low-cost Si based Er doped optical amplifiers1 Towards an Er-doped Si nanocrystal sensitized waveguide laser ­ the thin line between gain-doped Si nanocrystal co-doped SiO2, a composite material that can potentially be fabricated using a VLSI

  15. Extending ER Models to Capture Database Transformations to Build Data Sets for Data Mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ordonez, Carlos

    transformation tables in abstract form can be useful not only for optimizing the generation of new data sets stages of data transformation, mathematical functions and the powerful SQL CASE statement, which doesExtending ER Models to Capture Database Transformations to Build Data Sets for Data Mining Carlos

  16. Environmental and Resource Studies Program Books, Maps & Videos Available For Use in ERS Courses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Michael

    (organized by category, sorted by title) Books are located in ESC A204, and are available to be signed out) Otonabee Region Conservation Report Peterborough and the Kawarthas Practical Organic Chemistry PrinciplesEnvironmental and Resource Studies Program Books, Maps & Videos Available For Use in ERS Courses

  17. Excellent optical thermometry based on short-wavelength upconversion emissions in Er3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Wenwu

    Excellent optical thermometry based on short-wavelength upconversion emissions in Er3 Yb3 codoped (Doc. ID 175753); published November 22, 2012 Excited by a 980 nm laser, upconversion emissions coupled levels, which can emit the shortest wavelength emissions for optical thermometry known so far

  18. Optical ampli ers in broadcast optical networks: A Yatindra Nath Singh, miete

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh Yatindra Nath

    Optical ampli ers in broadcast optical networks: A survey Yatindra Nath Singh, miete Department@ee.iitd.ernet.in Abstract Optical data networks are needed to meet ever increasing bandwidth re- quirements. Broadcast optical networks can provide easy and reliable imple- mentation of optical networks, but due to limited

  19. Propostes temes del treball sobre ER Treball sobre una font d'energia renovable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Batiste, Oriol

    Propostes temes del treball sobre ER Treball sobre una font d'energia renovable Estudi de l'estat de desenvolupament, la implantaci´o i evoluci´o hist`orica d'u- na font d'energia renovable concreta: · Solar fotovoltaica · Solar trmica · Biocombustibiles · Elica Treball sobre una tecnologia espec

  20. Magnetism of Ho and Er Atoms on Close-Packed Metal Surfaces F. Donati,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thévenaz, Jacques

    Magnetism of Ho and Er Atoms on Close-Packed Metal Surfaces F. Donati,1 A. Singha,1 S. Stepanow,2 C; published 3 December 2014) We investigated the magnetic properties of individual Ho atoms adsorbed on the (111) surface of Pt, which have been recently claimed to display single ion magnetic behavior

  1. ALGEBRA LINEAL I 1er Curso de CC. Fisicas. Examen Final. 4 de Febrero de 2005.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guijarro, Luis

    ´ALGEBRA LINEAL I 1er Curso de CC. F´isicas. Examen Final. 4 de Febrero de 2005. Apellidos: Nombre aplicaci´on lineal f : R3 R3 tal que Kerf = Nf x -y = 0 y -z = 0 Imf x + 2y + 3z = 0. 4. Sean L, U y B

  2. Evaluation of ERS Scatterometer soil moisture products over a half-degree region in Southwestern France

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . Based on a high resolution soil moisture simulation (1km²) validated at the local scale, the ERS in the water and energy exchanges between the land surface and the atmosphere. Several authors have shown027231 #12;Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) sensors such as the AMSR-E radiometer (since 2002

  3. DEPARTIIIENT OF ENERGY EE RE PROJECT MANAG EM ENT CENT ER NEPA...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Irmo u.s. DEPARTIIIENT OF ENERGY EE RE PROJECT MANAG EM ENT CENT ER NEPA DETElThIINAIION PROJECT TITl.E: Irma Charing Cross Sidewalk Project ARRA-EECBG Page 1 of2 fJ Wl G) STATE:...

  4. NEWS FOR ECE ILLINOIS ALUMNI AND FRIENDS WINtER 20092010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Gang "Logan"

    to study renewable energy 2 ECE news briefs 3 Andreas Cangellaris named head of ECE ILLINOIS 4 ArchitectNEWS FOR ECE ILLINOIS ALUMNI AND FRIENDS WINtER 2009­2010 Also in this issue: Goddard receives 2009­2010 To alumni and friends of ECE ILLINOIS, Speaking at a special session on scientific

  5. DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY ER 11-1-XXX U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    #12;DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY ER 11-1-XXX U.S. Army Corps of Engineers CECW-EV Washington, D.C. 20314 Military Sales (FMS), and any other Federal funded programs with a total project cost of $1 million or more

  6. 500 ZENITNovEmbEr2010 Warmte-eilandeffect van de stad Utrecht

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brandsma, Theo

    500 ZENITNovEmbEr2010 Warmte-eilandeffect van de stad Utrecht Foto: Eclipse Ballooning, www waargenomen opwarming van de aarde. Het KNMI heeft daarom mobiele metingen ver- richt in de stad Utrecht. De indicatie van het effect van het warmte-eiland van de stad Utrecht op de temperatuur in De Bilt. W armte

  7. Een robotvogel die zo natuurge-trouw vliegt dat andere vogels er

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Twente, Universiteit

    bewegen. Die spieren kun je niet allemaal nabootsen in een kleine robot. Dus komt er flink wat analyse aan te pas om toch een robot te ontwerpen die levensecht vliegt. Die van Nijenhuis vliegt op een accu en.clearflightsolutions.com DOOR Christian Jongeneel fOtOgRafie Gijs van Ouwerkerk spin-Off RObOtvOGel "In de varianten valk en

  8. Gain Improvement of Er-doped Amplifiers for the Feedback Filters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Xiaomin

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    contrast between these two materials and the electro-optical properties of Ti: LiNbO3. Furthermore, waveguide gain is introduced through selective surface erbium (Er) doping which yields high quality loss-compensated or even amplifying waveguides without...

  9. RisNyt NO1 2005 "Det globale brintsamfund er et langsigtet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    bæredygtigt brint- samfund. Arbejdet udføres under European Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Platform, som er på vej med." Sådan beskriver afdelings- chef Hans Larsen budskabet fra International Hydrogen Day i Berlin, hvor han gaffeltruck. Amtet har bevilget 3,75 millioner kr. i årene 2004-2006 til Hydrogen Innovation & Research Centre

  10. 76 PostErs EMBnet.journal 19.B An ontology describing congenital heart defects data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    76 PostErs EMBnet.journal 19.B An ontology describing congenital heart defects data Charalampos interests: the authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Abstract Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are a group of diseases characterized by a structural anomaly of the heart that is pre- sent

  11. Synthesis of multiferroic Er-Fe-O thin films by atomic layer and chemical vapor deposition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mantovan, R., E-mail: roberto.mantovan@mdm.imm.cnr.it; Vangelista, S.; Wiemer, C.; Lamperti, A.; Tallarida, G. [Laboratorio MDM IMM-CNR, I-20864 Agrate Brianza (MB) (Italy); Chikoidze, E.; Dumont, Y. [GEMaC, Université de Versailles St. Quentin en Yvelines-CNRS, Versailles (France); Fanciulli, M. [Laboratorio MDM IMM-CNR, I-20864 Agrate Brianza (MB) (Italy); Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali, Università di Milano Bicocca, Milano (Italy)

    2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    R-Fe-O (R?=?rare earth) compounds have recently attracted high interest as potential new multiferroic materials. Here, we report a method based on the solid-state reaction between Er{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Fe layers, respectively grown by atomic layer deposition and chemical vapor deposition, to synthesize Er-Fe-O thin films. The reaction is induced by thermal annealing and evolution of the formed phases is followed by in situ grazing incidence X-ray diffraction. Dominant ErFeO{sub 3} and ErFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} phases develop following subsequent thermal annealing processes at 850?°C in air and N{sub 2}. Structural, chemical, and morphological characterization of the layers are conducted through X-ray diffraction and reflectivity, time-of-flight secondary ion-mass spectrometry, and atomic force microscopy. Magnetic properties are evaluated by magnetic force microscopy, conversion electron Mössbauer spectroscopy, and vibrating sample magnetometer, being consistent with the presence of the phases identified by X-ray diffraction. Our results constitute a first step toward the use of cost-effective chemical methods for the synthesis of this class of multiferroic thin films.

  12. Effect of Er doping on the structural and magnetic properties of cobalt-ferrite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prathapani, Sateesh; Vinitha, M.; Das, D., E-mail: ddse@uohyd.ernet.in [School of Engineering Sciences and Technology, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500046 (India); Jayaraman, T. V. [Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588 (United States)

    2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanocrystalline particulates of Er doped cobalt-ferrites CoFe{sub (2?x)}Er{sub x}O{sub 4} (0???x???0.04), were synthesized, using sol-gel assisted autocombustion method. Co-, Fe-, and Er- nitrates were the oxidizers, and malic acid served as a fuel and chelating agent. Calcination (400–600?°C for 4?h) of the precursor powders was followed by sintering (1000?°C for 4?h) and structural and magnetic characterization. X-ray diffraction confirmed the formation of single phase of spinel for the compositions x?=?0, 0.01, and 0.02; and for higher compositions an additional orthoferrite phase formed along with the spinel phase. Lattice parameter of the doped cobalt-ferrites was higher than that of pure cobalt-ferrite. The observed red shift in the doped cobalt-ferrites indicates the presence of induced strain in the cobalt-ferrite matrix due to large size of the Er{sup +3} compared to Fe{sup +3}. Greater than two-fold increase in coercivity (?66?kA/m for x?=?0.02) was observed in doped cobalt-ferrites compared to CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (?29?kA/m)

  13. Melting of small Arctic ice caps observed from ERS scatterometer time series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Laurence C.

    Melting of small Arctic ice caps observed from ERS scatterometer time series Laurence C. Smith,1 of melt onset can be observed over small ice caps, as well as the major ice sheets and multi-year sea ice for 14 small Arctic ice caps from 1992­2000. Interannual and regional variability in the timing of melt

  14. CW-Pumped Evanescent Amplification Based on Side-Polished Fiber with Heavily Er3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shy,Jow-Tsong

    CW-Pumped Evanescent Amplification Based on Side-Polished Fiber with Heavily Er3þ -Doped Glass) A novel diffractive-pumping scheme is proposed to improve the evanescent amplification using blazed fiber grating for the first time. We also investigate the cw-pumped evanescent amplification at 1.55 mm

  15. Creating your Own Marketing Plan Part 1: CVs Res mes & Co erCVs, Resumes, & Cover

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puglisi, Joseph

    Creating your Own Marketing Plan Part 1: CVs Res mes & Co erCVs, Resumes, & Cover Letters Tim for communicating fit Special Addition: what happens to your resume? Anything else?y g 2Affymetrix Confidential #12's perspective)p p ) 6Affymetrix Confidential #12;Creating Your Own Marketing Plan I:Plan I: CV's, Resumes

  16. ? "Y SILF: WE,ASIiER ? Mailed Mov. 15, 1934 A Science Service Feature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of polr?er, t o the humidity and under extreme atmosi3heric conditions t?cy mount t o 30 per Cent. According t o the United States Bureau of Standards this idea sulting from the lubrication of the sprint be obtained under conditions of high humidity.a ( A l l rights reserved by Science Service, Inc,) u - - I

  17. 954ER4 Specification 4 ports RS-232 PCI-Express Serial cards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berns, Hans-Gerd

    954ER4 Specification 4 ports RS-232 PCI-Express Serial cards FEATURES 4 independent RS-232 serial ports with communication speeds up to 230 921 ­­­­Kbps Designed to meet PCI-Express Base Specification PC system. Majority of today's motherboard no longer come with serial ports or only have one port

  18. That which does not kill me makes me stronger: adapting to chronic ER stress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bedwell, David M.

    by activating signal transduction cascades that improve protein folding. One example of such a cascade is the unfolded protein response (UPR), which senses protein folding stress in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and leads to improvement in the protein folding and proces- sing capacity of the organelle. A central

  19. Short Scale Turbulent Fluctuations Driven by Electron Temperature Gradient in NSTX E. Mazzucato,1,* D. R. Smith,1 R. E. Bell,1 S. M. Kaye,1 J. C. Hosea,1 B. P. LeBlanc,1 J. R. Wilson,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazzucato, Ernesto

    . Mazzucato,1,* D. R. Smith,1 R. E. Bell,1 S. M. Kaye,1 J. C. Hosea,1 B. P. LeBlanc,1 J. R. Wilson,1 P. M

  20. Heavy-Quark Free Energy, Debye Mass, and Spatial String Tension at Finite Temperature in Two Flavor Lattice QCD with Wilson Quark Action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHOT-QCD Collaboration; :; Y. Maezawa; N. Ukita; S. Aoki; S. Ejiri; T. Hatsuda; N. Ishii; K. Kanaya

    2007-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We study Polyakov loop correlations and spatial Wilson loop at finite Temperature in two-flavor QCD simulations with the RG-improved gluon action and the clover-improved Wilson quark action on a $ 16^3 \\times 4$ lattice. From the line of constant physics at $m_{\\rm PS}/m_{\\rm V}=0.65$ and 0.80, we extract the heavy-quark free energies, the effective running coupling $g_{\\rm eff}(T)$ and the Debye screening mass $m_D(T)$ for various color channels of heavy quark--quark and quark--anti-quark pairs above the critical temperature. The free energies are well approximated by the screened Coulomb form with the appropriate Casimir factors at high temperature. The magnitude and the temperature dependence of the Debye mass are compared to those of the next-to-leading order thermal perturbation theory and to a phenomenological formula in terms of $g_{\\rm eff}(T)$. We make a comparison between our results with the Wilson quark action and the previous results with the staggered quark action. The spatial string tension is also studied in the high temperature phase and is compared to the next-to-next-leading order prediction in an effective theory with dimensional reduction.

  1. The electroluminescence mechanism of Er{sup 3+} in different silicon oxide and silicon nitride environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rebohle, L., E-mail: l.rebohle@hzdr.de; Wutzler, R.; Braun, M.; Helm, M.; Skorupa, W. [Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden - Rossendorf, Bautzner Landstraße 400, 01328 Dresden (Germany); Berencén, Y.; Ramírez, J. M.; Garrido, B. [Dept. Electrònica, Martí i Franquès 1, Universitat de Barcelona, 08028 Barcelona (Spain); Hiller, D. [IMTEK, Faculty of Engineering, Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg, Georges-Köhler-Allee 103, 79110 Freiburg (Germany)

    2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Rare earth doped metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) structures are of great interest for Si-based light emission. However, several physical limitations make it difficult to achieve the performance of light emitters based on compound semiconductors. To address this point, in this work the electroluminescence (EL) excitation and quenching mechanism of Er-implanted MOS structures with different designs of the dielectric stack are investigated. The devices usually consist of an injection layer made of SiO{sub 2} and an Er-implanted layer made of SiO{sub 2}, Si-rich SiO{sub 2}, silicon nitride, or Si-rich silicon nitride. All structures implanted with Er show intense EL around 1540?nm with EL power efficiencies in the order of 2?×?10{sup ?3} (for SiO{sub 2}:Er) or 2?×?10{sup ?4} (all other matrices) for lower current densities. The EL is excited by the impact of hot electrons with an excitation cross section in the range of 0.5–1.5?×?10{sup ?15?}cm{sup ?2}. Whereas the fraction of potentially excitable Er ions in SiO{sub 2} can reach values up to 50%, five times lower values were observed for other matrices. The decrease of the EL decay time for devices with Si-rich SiO{sub 2} or Si nitride compared to SiO{sub 2} as host matrix implies an increase of the number of defects adding additional non-radiative de-excitation paths for Er{sup 3+}. For all investigated devices, EL quenching cross sections in the 10{sup ?20} cm{sup 2} range and charge-to-breakdown values in the range of 1–10 C cm{sup ?2} were measured. For the present design with a SiO{sub 2} acceleration layer, thickness reduction and the use of different host matrices did not improve the EL power efficiency or the operation lifetime, but strongly lowered the operation voltage needed to achieve intense EL.

  2. Selective emission and luminescence of Er{sub 2}O{sub 3} under intense laser excitation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marchenko, V M; Studenikin, M I [A M Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Iskhakova, L D [Fiber Optics Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The microstructure of Er{sub 2}O{sub 3} polycrystals synthesised by laser heating is studied. The synthesis of erbium silicate (Er{sub 2}SiO{sub 5}) layers was observed upon interaction of Er{sub 2}O{sub 3} and SiO{sub 2} melts. The dependences of the selective emission (SE) and luminescence spectra of Er{sub 2}O{sub 3} polycrystals in the range 200 – 1700 nm on the intensity of laser-thermal (at the wavelength ? = 10.6 ?m) and resonant laser (? ? 975 nm) excitation are investigated. The emission of heated Er{sub 2}O{sub 3} polycrystals arises as a result of multiphonon relaxation of absorbed energy and is a superposition of the SE at the electronic-vibrational transitions of Er{sup 3+} ions and the thermal radiation of the crystal lattice. The shape of the SE spectra of Er{sub 2}O{sub 3} polycrystals in the range 400 – 1700 nm almost does not change upon laser-thermal heating from 300 to 1500 K and subsequent cooling and corresponds to the absorption spectra of Er{sup 3+} ions. With increasing temperature, the thermal radiation intensity increases faster than the SE intensity, and the shape of the Er{sub 2}O{sub 3} spectrum becomes closer to the calculated spectrum of a blackbody. The anti-Stokes luminescence spectra of Er{sup 3+} ions formed under intense laser excitation of the {sup 4}I{sub 11/2} level are explained by additional SE caused by heating of the crystal matrix due to the Stokes losses. A difference between the SE and luminescence spectra is observed at low intensities of resonant laser excitation and low temperatures, when only the Stokes luminescence occurs. The temperature dependences of the SE and luminescence spectra of Er{sub 2}O{sub 3} upon laser excitation testify to the fundamental role played by the interaction of the electronic f-shell of Er{sup 3+} ions with crystal lattice vibrations in the processes of multiphonon radiative and nonradiative relaxation. The laser-thermal synthesis is promising for inprocess variation of the chemical composition of rare-earth samples. (interaction of laser radiation with matter)

  3. High multi-photon visible upconversion emissions of Er{sup 3+} singly doped BiOCl microcrystals: A photon avalanche of Er{sup 3+} induced by 980?nm excitation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Yongjin; Song, Zhiguo, E-mail: songzg@kmust.edu.cn; Li, Chen; Wan, Ronghua; Qiu, Jianbei; Yang, Zhengwen; Yin, Zhaoyi; Yang, Yong; Zhou, Dacheng; Wang, Qi [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093 (China)] [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093 (China)

    2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Under 980?nm excitation, high multi-photon upconversion (UC) emission from the {sup 2}H{sub 11/2}/{sup 4}S{sub 3/2} (green) and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} (red) levels of Er{sup 3+} ions were observed from Er{sup 3+} singly doped BiOCl microcrystals. These high-energy excited states were populated by a three to ten photon UC process conditionally, which depended on the pump power density and the Er{sup 3+} ion doping concentration, characterizing as a hetero-looping enhanced energy transfer avalanche UC process. UC emission lifetime and Raman analysis suggest that the unusual UC phenomena are initiated by the new and intense phonon vibration modes of BiOCl lattices due to Er{sup 3+} ions doping.

  4. Lasing characteristics of Er/sup 3 +/-doped silica fibers from 1553 up to 1603 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kimura, Y.; Nakazawa, M.

    1988-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The laser oscillations from 1553 up to 1603 nm have been demonstrated in Er/sup 3 +/-doped silica fibers with a doping rate of 2500 ppm. Wide changes in laser oscillation wavelengths are due to broad splitting of the upper sublevels in the /sup 4/I/sub 152/ manifold, caused by the random structure of the silica matrix. It has been shown that unpumped parts of the Er/sup 3 +/ ions in the end pumped fiber laser configuration play an important role in the wavelength changes of the laser oscillation. For an absorbed pump power of 320 mW at 514 nm, output power of 0.5 mW was obtained at 1603 nm.

  5. The Theory of High Energy Collision Processes - Final Report DOE/ER/40158-1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Tai, T.

    2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1984, DOE awarded Harvard University a new Grant DE-FG02-84ER40158 to continue their support of Tai Tsun Wu as Principal Investigator of research on the theory of high energy collision processes. This Grant was renewed and remained active continuously from June 1, 1984 through November 30, 2007. Topics of interest during the 23-year duration of this Grant include: the theory and phenomenology of collision and production processes at ever higher energies; helicity methods of QED and QCD; neutrino oscillations and masses; Yang-Mills gauge theory; Beamstrahlung; Fermi pseudopotentials; magnetic monopoles and dyons; cosmology; classical confinement; mass relations; Bose-Einstein condensation; and large-momentum-transfer scattering processes. This Final Report describes the research carried out on Grant DE-FG02-84ER40158 for the period June 1, 1984 through November 30, 2007. Two books resulted from this project and a total of 125 publications.

  6. Photonic crystal light emitting diode based on Er and Si nanoclusters co-doped slot waveguide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lo Savio, R.; Galli, M.; Liscidini, M.; Andreani, L. C. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Pavia, Via Bassi 6, 27100 Pavia (Italy); Franzò, G.; Iacona, F.; Miritello, M. [MATIS-IMM CNR and Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Catania, via S. Sofia 64, 95123 Catania (Italy); Irrera, A. [CNR-IPCF, Viale Ferdinando Stagno d'Alcontres 37, 98158 Messina (Italy); Sanfilippo, D.; Piana, A. [ST Microelectronics, Stradale Primosole 50, 95121 Catania (Italy); Priolo, F. [MATIS-IMM CNR and Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Catania, via S. Sofia 64, 95123 Catania (Italy); Scuola Superiore di Catania, Università di Catania, Via Valdisavoia 9, 95123 Catania (Italy)

    2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the design, fabrication, and electro-optical characterization of a light emitting device operating at 1.54??m, whose active layer consists of silicon oxide containing Er-doped Si nanoclusters. A photonic crystal (PhC) is fabricated on the top-electrode to enhance the light extraction in the vertical direction, and thus the external efficiency of the device. This occurs if a photonic mode of the PhC slab is resonant with the Er emission energy, as confirmed by theoretical calculations and experimental analyses. We measure an increase of the extraction efficiency by a factor of 3 with a high directionality of light emission in a narrow vertical cone. External quantum efficiency and power efficiency are among the highest reported for this kind of material. These results are important for the realization of CMOS-compatible efficient light emitters at telecom wavelengths.

  7. IA --"-IScience Service Featuse 'I WHY T i E IJEAYIiER ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    No. 591 April 3 IA --"-IScience Service Featuse 'I WHY T i E IJEAYIiER ? II city located oa the Ice.pp';g a% Bidialo, The ice c h i l l s a t h i n laye:. of a i r aver the Sake aridto laewwd. NOW$ vhen r may be srrfficionl t o produce a sheet cloud and g i ~ eBuffalo a day not oalg dwnt arid chilly Lu

  8. Amorphous Diamond Flat Panel Displays - Final Report of ER-LTR CRADA project with SI Diamond Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ager III, Joel W.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Department of Energy under a CRADA (Cooperative Research andnm in size. Page 4 of 7 SIDT CRADA Final Report In order toFinal report of ER-LTR CRADA Project Lawrence Berkeley

  9. M Lizabeth Alexander | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and InterfacesAdministration -Lowell L. Wood, 1981Future4: Wells InF 3 S N

  10. M Lizabeth Alexander | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fund Las ConchasTrail of a martian20085816 2.460LyeLynn25MMM

  11. Alexander Laskin | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc Documentation RUCProductstwrmrAre theAdministratorCFMFusion ResearchAndrew Weaver

  12. Audit Report: ER-B-00-03 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energyon ArmedWaste andAccess to OUO AccessOpportunity |Report:892 Auditthe IdahoER-B-00-03

  13. Audit Report: ER-B-95-05 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energyon ArmedWaste andAccess to OUO AccessOpportunity |Report:892 AudittheER-B-95-05 Audit

  14. Audit Report: ER-B-95-06 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energyon ArmedWaste andAccess to OUO AccessOpportunity |Report:892 AudittheER-B-95-05

  15. Audit Report: ER-B-96-02 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energyon ArmedWaste andAccess to OUO AccessOpportunity |Report:892 AudittheER-B-95-052 Audit

  16. Audit Report: ER-B-97-03 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energyon ArmedWaste andAccess to OUO AccessOpportunity |Report:892 AudittheER-B-95-052

  17. Audit Report: ER-B-98-01 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energyon ArmedWaste andAccess to OUO AccessOpportunity |Report:892 AudittheER-B-95-0528-01

  18. Audit Report: ER-B-98-02 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energyon ArmedWaste andAccess to OUO AccessOpportunity |Report:892 AudittheER-B-95-0528-012

  19. Audit Report: ER-B-98-05 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energyon ArmedWaste andAccess to OUO AccessOpportunity |Report:892ER-B-98-05 Audit Report:

  20. Audit Report: ER-B-98-07 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energyon ArmedWaste andAccess to OUO AccessOpportunity |Report:892ER-B-98-05 Audit

  1. Audit Report: ER-B-98-08 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energyon ArmedWaste andAccess to OUO AccessOpportunity |Report:892ER-B-98-05 Audit8-08 Audit

  2. Audit Report: ER-B-98-09 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energyon ArmedWaste andAccess to OUO AccessOpportunity |Report:892ER-B-98-05 Audit8-08

  3. Y-12ers earn degrees through Friday Academy | Y-12 National Security

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption byAbout SRNL Home SRNLSecurityNationalComplex ers earn

  4. Absence of exchange interaction between localized magnetic moments and conduction-electrons in diluted Er{sup 3+} gold-nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lesseux, G. G., E-mail: lesseux@ifi.unicamp.br; Urbano, R. R. [Instituto de Física “Gleb Wataghin,” UNICAMP, 13083-859 Campinas, São Paulo (Brazil); Iwamoto, W. [Instituto de Física “Gleb Wataghin,” UNICAMP, 13083-859 Campinas, São Paulo (Brazil); Instituto de Física, UFU, 38400-902 Uberlândia, Minas Gerais (Brazil); García-Flores, A. F. [Centro de Ciências Naturais e Humanas, UFABC, 09210-971 Santo André, São Paulo (Brazil); Rettori, C. [Instituto de Física “Gleb Wataghin,” UNICAMP, 13083-859 Campinas, São Paulo (Brazil); Centro de Ciências Naturais e Humanas, UFABC, 09210-971 Santo André, São Paulo (Brazil)

    2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) of diluted Er{sup 3+} magnetic ions in Au nanoparticles (NPs) is reported. The NPs were synthesized by reducing chloro triphenyl-phosphine gold(I) and erbium(III) trifluoroacetate. The Er{sup 3+} g-value along with the observed hyperfine splitting indicate that the Er{sup 3+} impurities are in a local cubic symmetry. Furthermore, the Er{sup 3+} ESR spectra show that the exchange interaction between the 4f and the conduction electrons (ce) is absent or negligible in Au{sub 1–x}Er{sub x} NPs, in contrast to the ESR results in bulk Au{sub 1–x}Er{sub x}. Therefore, the nature of this interaction needs to be reexamined at the nano scale range.

  5. Coupling of Er light emissions to plasmon modes on In{sub 2}O{sub 3}: Sn nanoparticle sheets in the near-infrared range

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matsui, Hiroaki, E-mail: hiroaki@ee.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp; Tabata, Hitoshi [Department of Bioengineering, The University of Tokyo, 1-3-7 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Systems, The University of Tokyo, 1-3-7 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Badalawa, Wasanthamala; Nomura, Wataru; Yatsui, Takashi; Ohtsu, Motoichi [Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Systems, The University of Tokyo, 1-3-7 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Hasebe, Takayuki [Central Customs Laboratory, Ministry of Finance, 5-3-6 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 270-0882 (Japan); Furuta, Shinya [Tomoe Works Co. Ltd., 1-3-6 Namiyoke, Minato-ku, Osaka 552-0001 (Japan)

    2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Near-infrared Er photoluminescence (PL) is markedly modified using a plasmonic In{sub 2}O{sub 3}: Sn nanoparticle (NP) sheet. Modeling and optical measurements reveal the presence of different electric fields (E-field) in the NP sheet. The local E-field excited at the interface between the NP sheet and Er-emitting layer of ZnO contributes significantly towards the spectral modifications of Er PL due to matching with the photon energy of Er PL. We also determine the critical temperature for Er PL modifications, which is related to the energy transfer efficiency between Er transition dipoles in ZnO and the plasmon modes on the NP sheet.

  6. Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+}co-doped bismuth molybdate nanosheets upconversion photocatalyst with enhanced photocatalytic activity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adhikari, Rajesh; Gyawali, Gobinda; Cho, Sung Hun [Research Center for Eco-Multifunctional Nanomaterials, Sun Moon University (Korea, Republic of); Narro-García, R. [Centro de Investigaciones en Óptica, A. P.1-948, León, Gto. 37150, México (Mexico); Sekino, Tohru [Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University (Japan); Lee, Soo Wohn, E-mail: swlee@sunmoon.ac.kr [Research Center for Eco-Multifunctional Nanomaterials, Sun Moon University (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we report the microwave hydrothermal synthesis of Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} co-doped Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} upconversion photocatalyst. Crystal structure, morphology, elemental composition, optical properties and BET surface area were analyzed in detail. Infrared to visible upconversion luminescence at 532 nm and 546 nm of the co-doped samples was investigated under excitation at 980 nm. The results revealed that the co-doping of Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} into Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} exhibited enhanced photocatalytic activity for the decomposition of rhodamine B under simulated solar light irradiation. Enhanced photocatalytic activity can be attributed to the energy transfer between Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} and Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} via infrared to visible upconversion from Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} ion and higher surface area of the Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} nanosheets. Therefore, this synthetic approach may exhibit a better alternative to fabricate upconversion photocatalyst for integral solar light absorption. - Graphical abstract: Schematic illustration of the upconversion photocatalysis. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} co-doped Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} upconversion photocatalyst is successfully synthesized. • We obtained the nanosheets having high surface area. • Upconversion of IR to visible light was confirmed. • Upconversion phenomena can be utilized for effective photocatalysis.

  7. Heavy-quark free energy at finite temperature with 2+1 flavors of improved Wilson quarks in fixed scale approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Maezawa; S. Aoki; S. Ejiri; T. Hatsuda; K. Kanaya; H. Ohno; T. Umeda

    2009-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The free energy between a static quark and an antiquark is studied by using the color-singlet Polyakov-line correlation at finite temperature. We perform simulations on $32^3 \\times 12$, 10, 8, 6, 4 lattices in the high temperature phase with the RG-improved gluon action and 2+1 flavors of the clover-improved Wilson quark action. Since the simulations are based on the fixed scale approach that the temperature can be varied without changing the spatial volume and renormalization factor, it is possible to investigate temperature dependence of the heavy-quark free energy without any adjustment of the overall constant. We find that, the heavy-quark free energies at short distance converge to the heavy-quark potential evaluated from the Wilson-loop operator at zero temperature, in accordance with the expected insensitivity of short distance physics to the temperature. At long distance, the heavy-quark free energies approach to twice the single-quark free energies, implying that the interaction between heavy quarks is screened. The Debye screening mass obtained from the long range behavior of the heavy-quark free energy is compared with results of the thermal perturbation theory and those of $N_f=2$ and $N_f=0$ lattice simulations.

  8. High-loop perturbative renormalization constants for Lattice QCD (III): three-loop quark currents for Iwasaki gauge action and n_f=4 Wilson fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Brambilla; F. Di Renzo; M. Hasegawa

    2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the third of a series of papers on three-loop computation of renormalization constants for Lattice QCD. Our main point of interest are results for the regularization defined by Iwasaki gauge action and n_f=4 Wilson fermions. Our results for quark bilinears renormalized according to the RI'-MOM scheme can be compared to non-perturbative results. The latter are available for Twisted Mass QCD: being defined in the chiral limit, renormalization constants must be the same. We also address more general problems. In particular, we discuss a few methodological issues connected to summing the perturbative series such as the effectiveness of Boosted Perturbation Theory and the disentanglement of irrelevant and finite volume contributions. Discussing these issues we consider ont only the new results of this paper, but also those for the regularization defined by tree-level Symanzik improved gauge action and n_f=2 Wilson fermions, which we presented in a recent paper of ours. We finally comment to which extent the techniques we put at work in the NSPT context can provide a fresher look into the lattice version of the RI'-MOM scheme.

  9. Atelier " i l ti ri e e l i e e ilie lli i el " e re er t ire e ri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Passot, Thierry

    Atelier " i l ti ri e e l i e e ilie lli i el " e re er t ire e ri A r e i ti e A r e l i e ti l i e et le r l e e l er et re l i " le i ti e" i i t er e i i e r le l r e elle ti te relle t et r r el t li #12; Atelier " i l ti ri e e l i e e ilie lli i el " e re er t ire e ri

  10. The role of Nb in intensity increase of Er ion upconversion luminescence in zirconia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smits, K., E-mail: smits@cfi.lu.lv; Sarakovskis, A.; Grigorjeva, L.; Millers, D. [Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Latvia, 8 Kengaraga Str., Riga LV1063 (Latvia); Grabis, J. [Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Riga Technical University, Salaspils-1 LV2169 (Latvia)

    2014-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    It is found that Nb co-doping increases the luminescence and upconversion luminescence intensity in rare earth doped zirconia. Er and Yb-doped nanocrystalline samples with or without Nb co-doping were prepared by sol-gel method and thermally annealed to check for the impact of phase transition on luminescence properties. Phase composition and grain sizes were examined by X-ray diffraction; the morphology was checked by scanning- and high-resolution transmission electron microscopes. Both steady-state and time-resolved luminescence were studied. Comparison of samples with different oxygen vacancy concentrations and different Nb concentrations confirmed the known assumption that oxygen vacancies are the main agents for tetragonal or cubic phase stabilization. The oxygen vacancies quench the upconversion luminescence; however, they also prevent agglomeration of rare-earth ions and/or displacement of rare-earth ions to grain surfaces. It is found that co-doping with Nb ions significantly (>20 times) increases upconversion luminescence intensity. Hence, ZrO{sub 2}:Er:Yb:Nb nanocrystals may show promise for upconversion applications.

  11. Atomistic simulation of Er irradiation induced defects in GaN nanowires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ullah, M. W., E-mail: mohammad.ullah@helsinki.fi; Kuronen, A.; Djurabekova, F.; Nordlund, K. [Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 64, FIN-00014 (Finland); Stukowski, A. [Technische Universität Darmstadt, 64287 Darmstadt (Germany)

    2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Classical molecular dynamics simulation was used to irradiate a GaN nanowire with rear-earth erbium (Er). Ten cumulative irradiations were done using an ion energy of 37.5?keV on a 10?×?10?nm{sup 2} surface area which corresponds to a fluence of 1?×?10{sup 13?}cm{sup ?2}. We studied the location and types of defects produced in the irradiation. Er implantation leads to a net positive (expansion) strain in the nanowire and especially at the top region a clear expansion has been observed in the lateral and axial directions. The lattice expansion is due to the hydrostatic strain imposed by a large number of radiation induced defects at the top of the NW. Due to the large surface-to-volume ratio, most of the defects were concentrated at the surface region, which suggests that the experimentally observed yellow luminescence (YL) in ion implanted GaN NWs arises from surface defects. We observed big clusters of point defects and vacancy clusters which are correlated with stable lattice strain and the YL band, respectively.

  12. The {beta}-Decay Properties of Scissors Mode 1{sup +} States in {sup 164}Er

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yildirim, Z.; Kuliev, A.; Ozkan, S. [Sakarya University, Department of Physics, 54100, Sakarya (Turkey); Guliyev, E. [Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences, H. Cavid Avenue 33, Baku (Azerbaijan); Institut fur Kernphysik, Technische Universitat Darmstadt, Darmstadt (Germany)

    2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The beta decay properties of collective I{sup {pi}}K = 1{sup +}1 states in doubly even deformed {sup 164}Er nuclei are investigated in the framework of the rotational invariant random-phase approximation. It is shown that an essential decrease of the rate of the allowed {beta}-decay to the excited 1{sup +}-states as compared with that to the ground state may be due to the orbital nature of the states. The model Hamiltonian includes restoring rotational invariance of the deformed single particle Hamiltonian forces and the spin-spin interactions. The analytical expressions for the Gamov-Teller (G-T) and Fermi (F) decay matrix elements are derived. The single-particle energies were obtained from the Warsaw deformed Woods-Saxon potential with deformation parameter {delta}{sub 2} = 0.24. The numerical results for {beta}{sup +} transition from {sup 164}Tm to {sup 164}Er indicate the importance of using rotational invariant Hamiltonian to explain experimental data.

  13. Kenneth Wilson and Renormalization

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformationPostdocs & Graduates > The EnergyKenneth W.

  14. Idaho_WilsonPeak

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinementEtching. | EMSLtheIndustryMitch204PeakTwitchell

  15. Fermilab's Wilson Hall

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibility ofSmall15.000TechnologyTune IT UpDiversity /

  16. High-power, hybrid Er:fiber/Tm:fiber frequency comb source in the 2 {\\mu}m wavelength region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adler, Florian

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a 2-\\mum frequency comb based on a reliable mode-locked Er:fiber laser with 100 MHz repetition rate. After shifting the spectrum of the amplified Er:fiber comb to longer wavelengths, a single-clad Tm/Ho:fiber is used as a self-pumped pre-amplifier to generate a coherent and broadband spectrum centered at 1.93 \\mum. Subsequently, a cladding-pumped Tm:fiber amplifier boosts the system to a maximum output power of 4.8 W at 1.96 \\mum. After compression in a compact grating compressor, our amplified Er:fiber/Tm:fiber hybrid system delivers as much as 2.9 W with a pulse duration of 141 fs. The system's comb properties are examined via heterodyne measurement.

  17. In-situ observation of ErD2 formation during D2 loading via neutron diffraction.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Browning, James Frederick (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN); Llobet, Anna (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM); Snow, Clark Sheldon; Rodriguez, Mark Andrew; Wixom, Ryan R.

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In an effort to better understand the structural changes occurring during hydrogen loading of erbium target materials, we have performed in situ D{sub 2} loading of erbium metal (powder) at temperature (450 C) with simultaneous neutron diffraction analysis. This experiment tracked the conversion of Er metal to the {alpha} erbium deuteride (solid-solution) phase and then into the {beta} (fluorite) phase. Complete conversion to ErD{sub 2.0} was accomplished at 10 Torr D{sub 2} pressure with deuterium fully occupying the tetrahedral sites in the fluorite lattice.

  18. Specific features of self-compensation in Er{sub x}Sn{sub 1-x}Se solid solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huseynov, J. I., E-mail: cih_58@mail.ru; Murguzov, M. I.; Ismayilov, Sh. S. [Azerbaijan State Pedagogical University (Azerbaijan)

    2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of doping and degree of compensation on the conductivity activation energy {Delta}E{sub i} in Er{sub x}Sn{sub 1-x}Se has been investigated. The carrier concentration decreases at a low doping level in the case of low and moderate compensations. It is found that, beginning with x {>=} 0.005 at % Er, carriers in the solid solutions under study change sign, depending on the amount of substituted erbium in the SnSe samples that is in equilibrium with the selenium phase. This phenomenon can be explained in terms of the concepts of the self-compensation of donors in the Sn sublattice.

  19. Mechanisms of coactivation of estrogen receptor alpha (ER alpha)- and ER alpha/Sp-mediated gene transactivation by vitamin D receptor interacting protein 205 (DRIP205) in breast cancer cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Qian

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Vitamin D interacting protein 205 (DRIP205) is a mediator complex protein that anchors the complex to the estrogen receptor (ER) and other nuclear receptors (NRs). In ZR-75 breast cancer cells treated with 17?-estradiol (E2) and transfected with a...

  20. IFP --Oil & Gas Science and Technology --(Script : 1er specimen) --1 --Oil & Gas Science and Technology --rev. IFP, Vol. xx (2009), No X, pp. 00-00

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    IFP -- Oil & Gas Science and Technology -- (Script : 1er specimen) -- 1 -- Oil & Gas Science2010 Author manuscript, published in "Oil & Gas Science and Technology - Rev. IFP, 65, 3 (2010) 435-444" DOI : 10.2516/ogst/2010007 #12;IFP -- Oil & Gas Science and Technology -- (Script : 1er specimen) -- 2

  1. Scanning Hall Probe Imaging of ErNi2B2C

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bluhm, Hendrik; Sebastian, Suchitra; Guikema, Janice W.; Fisher, I.R.; Moler, Kathryn A.; /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept.

    2005-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We report scanning Hall probe imaging of ErNi{sub 2}B{sub 2}C in the superconducting, antiferromagnetic, and weakly ferromagnetic regimes in magnetic fields up to 20 Oe, well below H{sub c1}, with two results. First, imaging isolated vortices shows that they spontaneously rearrange on cooling through the antiferromagnetic transition temperature T{sub N} = 6 K to pin on twin boundaries, forming a striped pattern. Second, a weak, random magnetic signal appears in the ferromagnetic phase below T{sub WFM} = 2.3 K, and no spontaneous vortex lattice is present down to 1.9 K. We conclude that ferromagnetism coexists with superconductivity either by forming small ferromagnetic domains or with oscillatory variation of the magnetization on sub-penetration depth length scales.

  2. Completion Report for Model Evaluation Well ER-11-2: Corrective Action Unit 98: Frenchman Flat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Underground Test Area and Boreholes Programs and Operations

    2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Model Evaluation Well ER-11-2 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office in support of Nevada Environmental Management Operations at the Nevada National Security Site (formerly known as the Nevada Test Site). The well was drilled in August 2012 as part of a model evaluation program in the Frenchman Flat area of Nye County, Nevada. The primary purpose of the well was to provide detailed geologic, hydrogeologic, chemical, and radionuclide data that can be used to test and build confidence in the applicability of the Frenchman Flat Corrective Action Unit flow and transport models for their intended purpose. In particular, this well was designed to provide data to evaluate the uncertainty in model forecasts of contaminant migration from the upgradient underground nuclear test PIN STRIPE, conducted in borehole U-11b in 1966. Well ER-11-2 will provide information that can be used to refine the Phase II Frenchman Flat hydrostratigraphic framework model if necessary, as well as to support future groundwater flow and transport modeling. The main 31.1-centimeter (cm) hole was drilled to a total depth of 399.6 meters (m). A completion casing string was not set in Well ER-11-2. However, a piezometer string was installed in the 31.1-cm open hole. The piezometer is composed of 7.3-cm stainless-steel tubing hung on 6.0-cm carbon-steel tubing via a crossover sub. The piezometer string was landed at 394.5 m, for monitoring the lower tuff confining unit. Data collected during and shortly after hole construction include composite drill cuttings samples collected every 3.0 m, various geophysical logs, water quality (including tritium and other test-related radionuclides) measurements, and water level measurements. The well penetrated 42.7 m of Quaternary and Tertiary alluvium and 356.9 m of Tertiary volcanic rock. The water-level measured in the piezometer string on September 25, 2012, was 353.8 m below ground surface. No tritium above levels detectable by field methods were encountered in this hole. No well development or hydrologic testing was conducted in this well immediately after completion, and future well development, sampling, and hydrologic testing planned for this well will be limited due to the diameter of the piezometer string. The stratigraphy, general lithology, and the water level are as expected, but the section of geology encountered is higher than expected due to faulting. No tritium above the minimum detection limit of the field equipment was detected because the target aquifer (the Topopah Spring aquifer) at Well ER-11-2 is structurally higher than expected and thus unsaturated.

  3. Microwave multimode memory with an Er$^{3+}$:Y$_2$SiO$_5$ spin ensemble

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Probst; H. Rotzinger; A. V. Ustinov; P. A. Bushev

    2015-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Interfacing photonic and solid-state qubits within a hybrid quantum architecture offers a promising route towards large scale distributed quantum computing. In that respect, hybrid quantum systems combining circuit QED with ions doped into solids are an attractive platform. There, the ions serve as coherent memory elements and reversible conversion elements of microwave to optical qubits. Among many possible spin-doped solids, erbium ions offer the unique opportunity of a coherent conversion of microwave photons into the telecom C-band at $1.54\\,\\mu$m employed for long distance communication. In our work, we perform a time-resolved electron spin resonance study of an Er$^{3+}$:Y$_2$SiO$_5$ spin ensemble at milli-Kelvin temperatures and demonstrate multimode storage and retrieval of up to 16 coherent microwave pulses. The memory efficiency is measured to be 10$^{-4}$ at the coherence time of $T_2=5.6\\,\\mu$s.

  4. Postdoctoral fellowship in ore-deposit geology/igneous geochemistry Marie-Curie Initial Training Network ABYSS (ER1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    Postdoctoral fellowship in ore-deposit geology/igneous geochemistry Marie-Curie Initial Training Network ABYSS (ER1) Training network on reactive geological systems from the mantle to the abyssal sub-Cu-PGE deposits Requirements: Candidates must hold PhD in geology/geochemistry This fellowship is for a period

  5. ER 100/200, PP C184/284 GSI Section Notes Energy & Society Section Week 5: Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    . Property Diagrams and Power Cycles V. Additional Material, Terms, and Variables VI. Practice Problems I form to another. As an equation, this is simply: Esystem = 0 = Ein ­ Eout #12;ER 100/200, PP C184 system its change in energy will be the balance between the heat transferred to (Qin) and the work done

  6. Project Transformation E.R. Bachmann & P.L. McDowell MV 4202 Page 1 of 14

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDowell, Perry

    Project Transformation E.R. Bachmann & P.L. McDowell MV 4202 Page 1 of 14 7. Projection Transformations · Projection Transformations Projections transform three dimensional eye coordinates into points in three dimensional clip coordinates - Three dimensional object coordinates are projected onto

  7. Controls on Eurasian coastal sea ice formation, melt onset and decay from ERS scatterometry: regional contrasts and effects of river

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Laurence C.

    first-year sea ice (FYI) are observed in the Eurasian Arctic using the C-band (5.3 GHz) European RemoteControls on Eurasian coastal sea ice formation, melt onset and decay from ERS scatterometry and Kolyma rivers. Melt onset of the sea ice surface is associated with abrupt changes in s0 40, with values

  8. Final report for DOE-FG02-02ER54688: Study of nonlinear interactions between counterpropagating shear Alfven waves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carter, T A

    2006-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Final report for DOE Plasma Physics Junior Faculty Development award DOE-FG02-02ER54688. Reports on research undertaken from 8/1/2002 until 5/15/2006, investigating nonlinear interactions between Alfven waves in a laboratory experiment.

  9. Effects of soil moisture and water depth on ERS SAR backscatter measurements from an Alaskan wetland complex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turetsky, Merritt

    2009 Accepted 17 April 2009 Keywords: Wetlands Boreal region Synthetic aperture radar Water level SoilEffects of soil moisture and water depth on ERS SAR backscatter measurements from an Alaskan was negatively correlated to water depth in all open (non-forested) wetlands when water table levels were more

  10. Faculty Profiles School of ElEctrical EnginEEring & computEr SciEncE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faculty Profiles School of ElEctrical EnginEEring & computEr SciEncE #12;circuits Patrick Chiang interconnects; robust, near-threshold computing); power-constrained, wireless medical electronics Notable: NSF circuits and components; embedded passives; interconnects and electronic packaging; signal integrity

  11. ER -AHR-ARNT Protein-Protein Interactions Mediate Estradiol-dependent Transrepression of Dioxin-inducible Gene Transcription*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perdew, Gary

    ER -AHR-ARNT Protein-Protein Interactions Mediate Estradiol- dependent Transrepression of Dioxin binding a wide variety of environmental pollutants, including 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), and halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons (HAHs) (5), such as 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (dioxin, TCDD

  12. ISodotY of PetroIeumEr@nwrsI Petroleum Reservoir Simulation in a Virtual Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a'4P w ._ m I I ISodotY of PetroIeumEr@nwrsI SPE 29118 Petroleum Reservoir Simulation in a VirtualSPE Member TM paperwas preperedfor presentationat the 13fh SPE Sym~ium on ReservoirSimulationheld in San, 1S2245SPEUT. ABSTRACT In this paper, we describe an approach to combining a reservoir simulation

  13. TOWARDS AN ER-DOPED SI NANOCRYSTAL SENSITIZED WAVEGUIDE LASER THE THIN LINE BETWEEN GAIN AND LOSS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kik, Pieter

    and waveguide. If the pump laser could somehow be eliminated from this scheme, the fabrication of low-cost SiTOWARDS AN ER-DOPED SI NANOCRYSTAL SENSITIZED WAVEGUIDE LASER ­ THE THIN LINE BETWEEN GAIN AND LOSS-doped SiO2, a composite material that can potentially be fabricated using a VLSI compatible process

  14. Investigation on upconversion photoluminescence of Bi3TiNbO9:Er3 Hengzhi Chen a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Wenwu

    ) photons. There is a very high Yb-Er energy transfer efficiency [11]. The biggest hindrance of using UC for Condensed Matter Science and Technology, Department of Physics, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin role in device miniaturization. Doping high refractive index dielectric materials with rare-earth (RE

  15. Transformation E.R. Bachmann & P.L. McDowell MV 4202 Page 1 of3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDowell, Perry

    Transformation E.R. Bachmann & P.L. McDowell MV 4202 Page 1 of3 5. Transformations Overview window coordinates Modeling Transformations Projection Transformation Perspective Division Viewport Transformation Object Coordinates x, y, z, w Modelview Matrix Projection Matrix Eye Coordinates Clip Coordinates

  16. Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane technical mixture regulates cell cycle and apoptosis genes through the activation of CAR and ER? in mouse livers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kazantseva, Yuliya A.; Yarushkin, Andrei A. [Institute of Molecular Biology and Biophysics SB RAMS, Novosibirsk, Timakova str., 2, 630117 (Russian Federation); Pustylnyak, Vladimir O., E-mail: pustylnyak@ngs.ru [Institute of Molecular Biology and Biophysics SB RAMS, Novosibirsk, Timakova str., 2, 630117 (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk, Pirogova str., 2, 630090 (Russian Federation)

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) is a widely used organochlorine pesticide and a xenoestrogen that promotes rodent hepatomegaly and tumours. A recent study has shown significant correlation between DDT serum concentration and liver cancer incidence in humans, but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. We hypothesised that a mixture of DDT isomers could exert effects on the liver through pathways instead of classical ERs. The acute effects of a DDT mixture containing the two major isomers p,p?-DDT (85%) and o,p?-DDT (15%) on CAR and ER? receptors and their cell cycle and apoptosis target genes were studied in mouse livers. ChIP results demonstrated increased CAR and ER? recruitment to their specific target gene binding sites in response to the DDT mixture. The results of real-time RT-PCR were consistent with the ChIP data and demonstrated that the DDT was able to activate both CAR and ER? in mouse livers, leading to target gene transcriptional increases including Cyp2b10, Gadd45?, cMyc, Mdm2, Ccnd1, cFos and E2f1. Western blot analysis demonstrated increases in cell cycle progression proteins cMyc, Cyclin D1, CDK4 and E2f1 and anti-apoptosis proteins Mdm2 and Gadd45?. In addition, DDT exposure led to Rb phosphorylation. Increases in cell cycle progression and anti-apoptosis proteins were accompanied by a decrease in p53 content and its transcriptional activity. However, the DDT was unable to stimulate the ?-catenin signalling pathway, which can play an important role in hepatocyte proliferation. Thus, our results indicate that DDT treatment may result in cell cycle progression and apoptosis inhibition through CAR- and ER?-mediated gene activation in mouse livers. These findings suggest that the proliferative and anti-apoptotic conditions induced by CAR and ER? activation may be important contributors to the early stages of hepatocarcinogenesis as produced by DDT in rodent livers. - Highlights: • DDT activated both CAR and ER? and their cell cycle and apoptosis target genes. • DDT produced increases in cell cycle and anti-apoptosis proteins and decrease in p53. • DDT mixture was unable to stimulate the ?-catenin signalling pathway in mouse livers.

  17. Local structure around Er{sup 3+} in SiO{sub 2}-HfO{sub 2} glassy waveguides using EXAFS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Afify, N. D.; Dalba, G.; Armellini, C.; Ferrari, M.; Rocca, F.; Kuzmin, A. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Trento, Via Sommarive 14, I-38100 Povo (Trento) (Italy); IFN-CNR, Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Sezione FBK-CeFSA di Trento, Via alla Cascata 56/C, I-38100 Povo (Trento) (Italy); Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Latvia, LV-1063 RIGA (Latvia)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Er{sup 3+}-doped SiO{sub 2}-HfO{sub 2} glassy waveguides with HfO{sub 2} concentrations ranging from 10 to 50 mol % were prepared using the sol-gel route and deposited on v-SiO{sub 2} substrates using the dip-coating technique. The local environment around Er{sup 3+} ions was determined from Er L{sub 3}-edge extended x-ray-absorption fine-structure (EXAFS) measurements. The first coordination shell around Er{sup 3+} ions is composed of oxygen atoms. Hafnium is the main constituent of the second coordination shell of Er{sup 3+}, differing from the cases of pure SiO{sub 2} and SiO{sub 2}-TiO{sub 2} glassy hosts, in which silicon is the main atomic species. The local structure around Er{sup 3+} ions has been found to be independent on HfO{sub 2} concentration within the studied composition range. This fact implies that Er{sup 3+} ions are preferentially dispersed in HfO{sub 2}-rich regions of the glassy waveguide, even at the lowest HfO{sub 2} concentration. For all samples, no Er{sup 3+}-Er{sup 3+} coordination shell has been detected by EXAFS. The presented structural results allow us to understand some spectroscopic properties typical of Er{sup 3+}-doped SiO{sub 2} glassy waveguides co-doped with HfO{sub 2}.

  18. The crystal structure of {pi}-ErBO{sub 3}: New single-crystal data for an old problem

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pitscheider, Almut [Institut fuer Allgemeine, Anorganische und Theoretische Chemie, Leopold-Franzens-Universitaet Innsbruck, Innrain 52a, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Kaindl, Reinhard [Institut fuer Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leopold-Franzens-Universitaet Innsbruck, Innrain 52, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Oeckler, Oliver [Department Chemie, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen, Butenandtstrasse 5-13, D-81377 Muenchen (Germany); Huppertz, Hubert, E-mail: Hubert.Huppertz@uibk.ac.a [Institut fuer Allgemeine, Anorganische und Theoretische Chemie, Leopold-Franzens-Universitaet Innsbruck, Innrain 52a, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria)

    2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Single crystals of the orthoborate {pi}-ErBO{sub 3} were synthesized from Er{sub 2}O{sub 3} and B{sub 2}O{sub 3} under high-pressure/high-temperature conditions of 2 GPa and 800 {sup o}C in a Walker-type multianvil apparatus. The crystal structure was determined on the basis of single-crystal X-ray diffraction data, collected at room temperature. The title compound crystallizes in the monoclinic pseudowollastonite-type structure, space group C2/c, with the lattice parameters a=1128.4(2) pm, b=652.6(2) pm, c=954.0(2) pm, and {beta}=112.8(1){sup o} (R{sub 1}=0.0124 and wR{sub 2}=0.0404 for all data). -- graphical abstract: The first satisfying single-crystal structure determination of {pi}-ErBO{sub 3} sheds light on the extensively discussed structure of {pi}-orthoborates. The application of light pressure during the solid state synthesis yielded in high-quality crystals, due to pressure-induced crystallization. Research highlights: {yields} High-quality single crystals of {pi}-ErBO{sub 3} were prepared via high-pressure-induced crystallization. {yields} At least five different space groups for the rare-earth {pi}-orthoborates are reported. {yields} {pi}-ErBO{sub 3} is isotypic to the pseudowollastonite-type CaSiO{sub 3}. {yields} Remaining ambiguities regarding the structure of the rare-earth {pi}-orthoborates are resolved.

  19. Analysis of Well ER-6-2 Testing, Yucca Flat FY 2004 Testing Program, Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada, Rev. No.: 0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greg Ruskauff

    2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the analysis of data collected for Well ER-6-2 during fiscal year (FY) 2004 Yucca Flat well development and testing program (herein referred to as the ''testing program''). Participants in Well ER-6-2 field development and hydraulic testing activities were: Stoller-Navarro Joint Venture (SNJV), Bechtel Nevada (BN), Desert Research Institute (DRI), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), and the University of Nevada, Las Vegas-Harry Reid Center (UNLV-HRC). The analyses of data collected from the Well ER-6-2 testing program were performed by the SNJV.

  20. Final Technical Report for Award DE-FG02-98ER41080

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Alan

    2014-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The prime motivation of the project at McMaster University was to carry out the critical evaluation and compilation of Nuclear Structure and Decay data, and of nuclear astrophysics data with continued participation in the United States Nuclear Data Program (US-NDP). A large body of evaluated and compiled structure data were supplied for databases such as ENSDF, XUNDL, NSR, etc. residing on webpage of National Nuclear Data Center of the Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York, USA. Thermonuclear reaction rates of importance to stellar explosions, such as novae, x-ray bursts and supernovae, were evaluated as well. This effort was closely coupled to our ongoing experimental effort, which took advantage of radioactive ion beam and stable beam facilities worldwide to study these key reaction rates. This report contains brief descriptions of the various activities together with references to all the publications in peer-reviewed journals which were the result of work carried out with the award DE-FG02-98-ER41080, during 1998-2013.

  1. Helium release and microstructural changes in Er(D,T)2-x3Hex films).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gelles, D. S. (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA); Browning, James Frederick; Snow, Clark Sheldon; Banks, James Clifford; Mangan, Michael A.; Rodriguez, Mark Andrew; Brewer, Luke N.; Kotula, Paul Gabriel

    2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Er(D,T){sub 2-x} {sup 3}He{sub x}, erbium di-tritide, films of thicknesses 500 nm, 400 nm, 300 nm, 200 nm, and 100 nm were grown and analyzed by Transmission Electron Microscopy, X-Ray Diffraction, and Ion Beam Analysis to determine variations in film microstructure as a function of film thickness and age, due to the time-dependent build-up of {sup 3}He in the film from the radioactive decay of tritium. Several interesting features were observed: One, the amount of helium released as a function of film thickness is relatively constant. This suggests that the helium is being released only from the near surface region and that the helium is not diffusing to the surface from the bulk of the film. Two, lenticular helium bubbles are observed as a result of the radioactive decay of tritium into {sup 3}He. These bubbles grow along the [111] crystallographic direction. Three, a helium bubble free zone, or 'denuded zone' is observed near the surface. The size of this region is independent of film thickness. Four, an analysis of secondary diffraction spots in the Transmission Electron Microscopy study indicate that small erbium oxide precipitates, 5-10 nm in size, exist throughout the film. Further, all of the films had large erbium oxide inclusions, in many cases these inclusions span the depth of the film.

  2. THERMODYNAMIC AND KINETIC MODELING OF ADVANCED NUCLEAR FUELS - FINAL LDRD-ER REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turchi, P

    2011-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This project enhanced our theoretical capabilities geared towards establishing the basic science of a high-throughput protocol for the development of advanced nuclear fuel that should couple modern computational materials modeling and simulation tools, fabrication and characterization capabilities, and targeted high throughput performance testing experiments. The successful conclusion of this ER project allowed us to upgrade state-of-the-art modeling codes, and apply these modeling tools to ab initio energetics and thermodynamic assessments of phase diagrams of various mixtures of actinide alloys, propose a tool for optimizing composition of complex alloys for specific properties, predict diffusion behavior in diffusion couples made of actinide and transition metals, include one new equation in the LLNL phase-field AMPE code, and predict microstructure evolution during alloy coring. In FY11, despite limited funding, the team also initiated an experimental activity, with collaboration from Texas A&M University by preparing samples of nuclear fuels in bulk forms and for diffusion couple studies and metallic matrices, and performing preliminary characterization.

  3. Letter Report: Borehole Flow and Horizontal Hydraulic Conductivity with Depth at Well ER-12-4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phil L. Oberlander; Charles E. Russell

    2005-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Borehole flow and fluid temperature during pumping were measured at well ER-12-4 at the Nevada Test Site in Nye County, Nevada. This well was constructed to characterize the carbonate aquifer. The well is cased from land surface to the total depth at 1,132 m (3,713 ft bgs) below ground surface (bgs). The screened section of the well consists of alternating sections of slotted well screen and blank casing from 948 to 1,132 m bgs (3,111 to 3,713 ft bgs). Borehole flow velocity (LT-1) with depth was measured with an impeller flowmeter from the top of the screened section to the maximum accessible depth while the well was pumped and under ambient conditions. A complicating factor to data interpretation is that the well was not filter packed and there is upward and downward vertical flow in the open annulus under ambient and pumping conditions. The open annulus in the well casing likely causes the calculated borehole flow rates being highly nonrepresentative of inflow from the formation. Hydraulic conductivities calculated under these conditions would require unsupportable assumptions and would be subject to very large uncertainties. Borehole hydraulic conductivities are not presented under these conditions.

  4. Analysis of ER-12-3 FY 2005 Hydrologic Testing, Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada, Rev. No.: 0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bill Fryer

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the analysis of data collected for ER-12-3 during the fiscal year (FY) 2005 Rainier Mesa/Shoshone Mountain well development and hydraulic testing program (herein referred to as the ''testing program''). Well ER-12-3 was constructed and tested as a part of the Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 99, Rainier Mesa/Shoshone Mountain, Phase I drilling program during FY 2005. These activities were conducted on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) for the Underground Test Area (UGTA) Project. As shown on Figure 1-1, ER-12-3 is located in central Rainier Mesa, in Area 12 of the Nevada Test Site (NTS). Figure 1-2 shows the well location in relation to the tunnels under Rainier Mesa. The well was drilled to a total depth (TD) of 4,908 feet (ft) below ground surface (bgs) (surface elevation 7,390.8 ft above mean sea level [amsl]) in the area of several tunnels mined into Rainier Mesa that were used historically for nuclear testing (NNSA/NSO, 2006). The closest nuclear test to the well location was YUBA (U-12b.10), conducted in the U-12b Tunnel approximately 1,529 ft northeast of the well site. The YUBA test working point elevation was located at approximately 6,642 ft amsl. The YUBA test had an announced yield of 3.1 kilotons (kt) (SNJV, 2006b). The purpose of this hydrogeologic investigation well is to evaluate the deep Tertiary volcanic section below the tunnel level, which is above the regional water table, and to provide information on the section of the lower carbonate aquifer-thrust plate (LCA3) located below the Tertiary volcanic section (SNJV, 2005b). Details on the drilling and completion program are presented in the ''Completion Report for Well ER-12-3 Corrective Action Unit 99: Rainier Mesa - Shoshone Mountain'' (NNSA/NSO, 2006). Development and hydraulic testing of ER-12-3 took place between June 3 and July 22, 2005. The development objectives included removing residual drilling fluids and improving the hydraulic connection of the well within the lower carbonate aquifer (LCA). The hydraulic testing objectives focused on obtaining further hydrogeologic, geochemical, and radiochemical data for the site. Details on the data collected during the testing program are presented in the report ''Rainier Mesa Well ER-12-3 Data Report for Well Development and Hydraulic Testing'' (SNJV, 2006b). Participants in ER-12-3 testing activities were: Stoller-Navarro Joint Venture (SNJV), Bechtel Nevada (BN), Desert Research Institute (DRI), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). Stoller-Navarro Joint Venture served as the lead contractor responsible for providing site supervision, development and testing services, and waste management services; BN provided construction and engineering support services; DRI provided well logging services and participated in groundwater sampling and laboratory analyses; LANL and LLNL participated in groundwater sampling and laboratory analyses; and the USGS performed laboratory analyses. Analyses of data from the ER-12-3 testing program presented in this document were performed by SNJV except as noted.

  5. Completion Report for the Well ER-6-2 Site Corrective Action Unit 97: Yucca Flat - Climax Mine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Environmental Management

    2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Well ER-6-2 and its satellite hole, Well ER-6-2 No.1, were drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project at the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada. Well ER-6-2 was drilled in two stages in 1993 and 1994; the satellite hole, Well ER-6-2 No.1 was drilled nearby in 1993 but was abandoned. The wells were drilled as part of a hydrogeologic investigation program for the Yucca Flat-Climax Mine Corrective Action Unit Number 97, in the northeastern portion of the Nevada Test Site. The wells are located in Yucca Flat, within Area 6 of the Nevada Test Site. The wells provided information regarding the radiological and hydrogeological environment in a potentially down-gradient position from tests conducted in northern and central Yucca Flat. Construction of Well ER-6-2 began with a 1.2-meter-diameter surface conductor hole, which was drilled and cased off to a depth of 30.8 meters below the surface. A 50.8-centimeter diameter surface hole was then rotary drilled to the depth of 578.5 meters and cased off to the depth of 530.4 meters. The hole diameter was then reduced to 27.0 centimeters, and the borehole was advanced to a temporary depth of 611.4 meters. The borehole was conventionally cored to a total depth of 1,045 meters with a diameter of 14.0 centimeters. Borehole sloughing required cementing and re-drilling of several zones. The open-hole completion accesses the lower carbonate aquifer, the CP thrust fault, and the upper clastic confining unit. A fluid level depth of 543.2 meters was most recently measured in the open borehole in September 2007. No radionuclides were encountered during drilling. The satellite hole Well ER-6-2 No.1 was drilled approximately 15.2 meters north of Well ER-6-2 on the same drill pad. This was planned to be used as an observation well during future hydrologic testing at Well ER-6-2; however, the satellite hole was abandoned at the depth of 399 meters due to stuck drill pipe, and was subsequently cemented to the surface. Detailed lithologic descriptions with stratigraphic assignments in this report are based on composite drill cuttings samples collected every 3 meters, cores taken between the depths of 619.3 and 1,042.4 meters, and geophysical log data. Stratigraphic assignments within the Paleozoic section are based on paleontological analyses. The well was collared in alluvium and at 30.8 meters penetrated Paleozoic carbonate rocks. These consisted of dolostone with minor shale and limestone of the Bonanza King Formation, and limestone with minor quartzite, sandstone, and dolostone assigned to the Guilmette Formation. The borehole reached total depth in a shale unit assigned to the Chainman Shale. The units below the Bonanza King Formation are overturned due to faulting and folding and, therefore, are stratigraphically upside-down.

  6. Q values for neutrinoless double-electron capture in {sup 96}Ru, {sup 162}Er, and {sup 168}Yb

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eliseev, S.; Blaum, K. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Nesterenko, D. [Department of Physics, St. Petersburg State University, RU-198504 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Block, M.; Herfurth, F.; Minaya Ramirez, E. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Planckstrasse 1, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Droese, C.; Schweikhard, L. [Institut fuer Physik, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universitaet, D-17487 Greifswald (Germany); Novikov, Yu. N. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina, RU-188300 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Zuber, K. [Institut fuer Kern- und Teilchenphysik, Technische Universitaet, D-01069 Dresden (Germany)

    2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Q values of the neutrinoless double-electron capture transitions in {sup 96}Ru, {sup 162}Er, and {sup 168}Yb have been determined by Penning-trap mass-ratio measurements. Based on our new high-precision results for the Q values, neither of these transitions shows a resonant enhancement of the capture rate. At present, this excludes these nuclides from the list of suitable candidates in the search for neutrinoless double-electron capture.

  7. Silver nanoparticles enhanced luminescence properties of Er{sup 3+} doped tellurite glasses: Effect of heat treatment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fares, Hssen; Férid, Mokhtar [Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie des Matériaux Minéraux et leurs Applications, Centre National de Recherches en Sciences des Matériaux, B.P. 95 Hammam-Lif, 2050 (Tunisia); Elhouichet, Habib, E-mail: habib.elhouichet@fst.rnu.tn [Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie des Matériaux Minéraux et leurs Applications, Centre National de Recherches en Sciences des Matériaux, B.P. 95 Hammam-Lif, 2050 (Tunisia); Department of Physics, Sciences Faculty of Tunis, University Tunis ElManar 2092 (Tunisia); Gelloz, Bernard [Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, 2-24-16 Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8603 (Japan)

    2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Tellurite glasses doped Er{sup 3+} ions and containing Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) are prepared using melt quenching technique. The nucleation and growth of Ag NPs were controlled by a thermal annealing process. The X-ray diffraction pattern shows no sharp peak indicating an amorphous nature of the glasses. The presence of Ag NPs is confirmed from transmission electron microscopy micrograph. Absorption spectra show typical surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band of Ag NPs within the 510–550?nm range in addition to the distinctive absorption peaks of Er{sup 3+} ions. The Judd-Ofelt (J-O) intensity parameters, oscillator strengths, spontaneous transition probabilities, branching ratios, and radiative lifetimes were successfully calculated based on the experimental absorption spectrum and the J-O theory. It was found that the presence of silver NPs nucleated and grown during the heat annealing process improves both of the photoluminescence (PL) intensity and the PL lifetime relative to the {sup 4}I{sub 13/2}???{sup 4}I{sub 15/2} transition. Optimum PL enhancement was obtained after 10?h of heat-treatment. Such enhancements are mainly attributed to the strong local electric field induced by SPR of silver NPs and also to energy transfer from the surface of silver NPs to Er{sup 3+} ions, whereas the quenching is ascribed to the energy transfer from Er{sup 3+} ions to silver NPs. Using the Mc Cumber method, absorption cross-section, calculated emission cross-section, and gain cross-section for the {sup 4}I{sub 13/2} ? {sup 4}I{sub 15/2} transition were determined and compared for the doped and co-doped glasses. The present results indicate that the glass heat-treated for 10?h has good prospect as a gain medium applied for 1.53??m band broad and high-gain erbium-doped fiber amplifiers.

  8. Gain dynamics in a soft X-ray laser ampli er perturbed by a strong injected X-ray eld

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Yong [Colorado State University, Fort Collins] [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Wang, Shoujun [Colorado State University, Fort Collins] [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Oliva, E [Laboratoire de Physique des Gaz et des Gaz et des Plasmas] [Laboratoire de Physique des Gaz et des Gaz et des Plasmas; Lu, L [Laboratoire de Physique des Gaz et des Gaz et des Plasmas] [Laboratoire de Physique des Gaz et des Gaz et des Plasmas; Berrill, Mark A [ORNL] [ORNL; Yin, Liang [Colorado State University, Fort Collins] [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Nejdl, J [Colorado State University, Fort Collins] [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Luther, Brad [Colorado State University, Fort Collins] [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Proux, C [Laboratoire d’Optique Applique´e, ENSTA, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique] [Laboratoire d’Optique Applique´e, ENSTA, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique; Le, T. T. [Laboratoire de Physique des Gaz et des Gaz et des Plasmas] [Laboratoire de Physique des Gaz et des Gaz et des Plasmas; Dunn, James [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Ros, D [Laboratoire de Physique des Gaz et des Gaz et des Plasmas] [Laboratoire de Physique des Gaz et des Gaz et des Plasmas; Zeitoun, Philippe [École Polytechnique] [École Polytechnique; Rocca, Jorge [Colorado State University, Fort Collins] [Colorado State University, Fort Collins

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Seeding soft X-ray plasma ampli ers with high harmonics has been demonstrated to generate high-brightness soft X-ray laser pulses with full spatial and temporal coherence. The interaction between the injected coherent eld and the swept-gain medium has been modelled. However, no exper- iment has been conducted to probe the gain dynamics when perturbed by a strong external seed eld. Here, we report the rst X-ray pump X-ray probe measurement of the nonlinear response of a plasma ampli er perturbed by a strong soft X-ray ultra-short pulse. We injected a sequence of two time-delayed high-harmonic pulses (l518.9 nm) into a collisionally excited nickel-like molybdenum plasma to measure with femto-second resolution the gain depletion induced by the saturated ampli cation of the high-harmonic pump and its subsequent recovery. The measured fast gain recovery in 1.5 1.75 ps con rms the possibility to generate ultra-intense, fully phase-coherent soft X-ray lasers by chirped pulse ampli cation in plasma ampli ers.

  9. Spectroscopic properties of Er{sup 3+} doped lead telluroborate glasses for 1.5 ?m broadband amplifiers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vijayakumar, R., E-mail: mari-ram2000@yahoo.com; Arunkumar, S., E-mail: mari-ram2000@yahoo.com; Vijayakumar, M., E-mail: mari-ram2000@yahoo.com; Marimuthu, K., E-mail: mari-ram2000@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, Gandhigram Rural Institute ? Deemed University, Gandhigram - 624302 (India)

    2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Er{sup 3+} doped lead telluroborate glasses (xEPTB) with the composition 25B{sub 2}O{sub 3}-(25-x)TeO{sub 2}-25PbO-10Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}-15CdO-xEr{sub 2}O{sub 3} (where x=0.1, 0.5, 1 and 2 wt%) have been prepared and characterised using NIR luminescence and decay measurements for 1.5 ?m broadband amplifier applications. Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters have been derived to predict radiative properties of the {sup 4}I{sub 13/2}?{sup 4}I{sub 15/2} emission transition. The larger values of stimulated emission cross-section (?P), FWHM, gain bandwidth (?G), radiative lifetime (?{sup cal}), quantum efficiency (?) of the 1EPTB glass suggest their potential use in broadband amplifiers. The effect of RE ion concentration and OH{sup ?} content on the lifetime of {sup 4}I{sub 13/2}?{sup 4}I{sub 15/2} transition and the energy transfer mechanism of Er{sup 3+} ions have also been discussed and reported in the present study.

  10. Optical absorption and fluorescence properties of Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} codoped lead bismuth alumina borate glasses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goud, K. Krishna Murthy, E-mail: krishnamurthy.phy@gmail.com; Reddy, M. Chandra Shekhar, E-mail: krishnamurthy.phy@gmail.com; Rao, B. Appa, E-mail: krishnamurthy.phy@gmail.com [Dept. of Physics, Osmania University, Hyderabad-500007, Andhra Pradesh (India)

    2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Lead bismuth alumina borate glasses codoped with Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} were prepared by melt quenching technique. Optical absorption, FTIR and photoluminescence spectra of these glasses have been studied. Judd-Ofelt theory has been applied to to the f ? f transitions for evaluating ?{sub 2}, ?{sub 4} and ?{sub 6} parameters. Radiative properties like branching ratio ?{sub r} and the radiative life time ?{sub R} have been determined on the basis of Judd-Ofelt theory. Upconversion emissions have been observed under 980nm laser excitation at room temperature. Green and red up-conversion emissions are centered at 530, 550 and 656 nm corresponding to {sup 2}H{sub 11/2}?{sup 4}I{sub 15/2}, {sup 4}S{sub 3/2}?{sup 4}I{sub 15/2} and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}?{sup 4}I{sub 15/2} transitions of Er{sup 3+} respectively. The results obtained are discussed quantitatively based on the energy transfer between Yb{sup 3+} and Er{sup 3+}.

  11. Photoluminescence properties and energy levels of RE (RE?=?Pr, Sm, Er, Tm) in layered-CaZnOS oxysulfide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Zhi-Jun, E-mail: zhangzj@mail.sic.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Transparent Opto-Functional Inorganic Materials of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Shanghai 200050 (China); Feng, Ang; Chen, Xiang-Yang [Key Laboratory of Transparent Opto-Functional Inorganic Materials of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Shanghai 200050 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China); Zhao, Jing-Tai, E-mail: jtzhao@mail.sic.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Transparent Opto-Functional Inorganic Materials of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Shanghai 200050 (China); School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200072 (China)

    2013-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    RE{sup 3+} (RE?=?Pr, Sm, Er, Tm)-activated CaZnOS samples were prepared by a solid-state reaction method at high temperature, and their photoluminescence properties were investigated. Doping with RE{sup 3+} (RE?=?Pr, Sm, Er, Tm) into layered-CaZnOS resulted in typical RE{sup 3+} (RE?=?Pr, Sm, Er, Tm) f-f line absorptions and emissions, as well as the charge transfer band of Sm{sup 3+} at about 3.3?eV. The energy level scheme containing the position of the 4f and 5d levels of all divalent and trivalent lanthanide ions with respect to the valence and conduction bands of CaZnOS has been constructed based on the new data presented in this work, together with the data from literature on Ce{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 2+} doping in CaZnOS. The detailed energy level scheme provides a platform for interpreting the optical spectra and could be used to comment on the valence stability of the lanthanide ions in CaZnOS.

  12. Interaction of Ce{sub 1?x}Er{sub x}O{sub 2?y} nanoparticles with SiO{sub 2}-effect of temperature and atmosphere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kepinski, L., E-mail: L.Kepinski@int.pan.wroc.pl; Krajczyk, L.; Mista, W.

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Morphology, microstructure and phase evolution of homogeneous, nanocrystalline Ce{sub 1?x}Er{sub x}O{sub 2?x/2} mixed oxide (x=0.3 and 0.5), prepared by microemulsion method, supported on amorphous SiO{sub 2} was studied in oxidizing and reducing atmosphere by XRD, TEM, SEM-EDS and N{sub 2} adsorption. The system is structurally and chemically stable in the oxidizing atmosphere up to 1000 °C, exhibiting only a small increase of the mean crystallite size of the oxide to ?4 nm. At 1100 °C formation of Er silicate with unusual structure isomorphic with y-Y{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7} (yttrialite), stabilized by Ce{sup 4+} ions was observed. In the reducing atmosphere the Ce{sub 1?x}Er{sub x}O{sub 2?x/2} reacted with SiO{sub 2} already at 900 °C, due to high affinity of the reduced Ce{sup 3+} to form a silicate phase. At higher temperature the silicate crystallized into the tetragonal, low temperature A-(Ce{sub 1?x}Er{sub x}){sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7} polymorph. Such systems, containing nanocrystalline silicate particles with Er{sup 3+} ions placed in well defined sites embedded in silica matrix, may be interesting as highly efficient active components of optical waveguides amplifiers integrated with Si microelectronics. The nanocrystalline Ce–Er–O/SiO{sub 2} system prepared by the impregnation of the silica with the aqueous solution of nitrates appeared to be chemically inhomogeneous and less stable in both oxidising and reducing atmosphere. - Graphical abstract: Structure evolution of Ce{sub 0.5}Er{sub 0.5}O{sub 1.75} in air and in H{sub 2}. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Homogeneous 3 nm Ce{sub 1?x}Er{sub x}O{sub 2?y} particles were prepared and uniformly dispersed on SiO{sub 2}. • Er diffusion to SiO{sub 2} determines the stability of the mixed oxide in air to ?1000 °C. • Spreading of Ce{sub 1?x}Er{sub x}O{sub 2?y} onto SiO{sub 2} occurs in hydrogen at 900 °C. • Nanocrystalline A-(Ce,Er){sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7} silicate forms in H{sub 2} at 1100 °C.

  13. Identification of remediation needs and technology development focus areas for the Environmental Restoration (ER) Project at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tucker, M.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Site Restoration Technology Program Office; Valdez, J.M.; Khan, M.A. [IT Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Environmental Restoration (ER) Project has been tasked with the characterization, assessment, remediation and long-term monitoring of contaminated waste sites at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM). Many of these sites will require remediation which will involve the use of baseline technologies, innovative technologies that are currently under development, and new methods which will be developed in the near future. The Technology Applications Program (TAP) supports the ER Project and is responsible for development of new technologies for use at the contaminated waste sites, including technologies that will be used for remediation and restoration of these sites. The purpose of this report is to define the remediation needs of the ER Project and to identify those remediation needs for which the baseline technologies and the current development efforts are inadequate. The area between the remediation needs and the existing baseline/innovative technology base represents a technology gap which must be filled in order to remediate contaminated waste sites at SNL/NM economically and efficiently. In the first part of this report, the remediation needs of the ER Project are defined by both the ER Project task leaders and by TAP personnel. The next section outlines the baseline technologies, including EPA defined Best Demonstrated Available Technologies (BDATs), that are applicable at SNL/NM ER sites. This is followed by recommendations of innovative technologies that are currently being developed that may also be applicable at SNL/NM ER sites. Finally, the gap between the existing baseline/innovative technology base and the remediation needs is identified. This technology gap will help define the future direction of technology development for the ER Project.

  14. Role of estrogen receptor alpha (ER alpha) insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I-induced responses in MCF-7 breast cancer cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Shu

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    ROLE OF ESTROGEN RECEPTOR ? (ER?) IN INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR (IGF)-I-INDUCED RESPONSES IN MCF-7 BREAST CANCER CELLS A Dissertation by SHU ZHANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2007 Major Subject: Toxicology ROLE OF ESTROGEN RECEPTOR ? (ER?) IN INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR (IGF)-I-INDUCED RESPONSES IN MCF-7 BREAST CANCER CELLS A Dissertation...

  15. Final Report for DOE Grant DE-FG02-06ER64160 Retrieval of Cloud Properties and Direct Testing of Cloud and Radiation Parameterizations using ARM Observations.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donovan, David Patrick [KNMI

    2013-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This report briefly summaries the work performed at KNMI under DOE Grant DE-FG02-06ER64160 which, in turn was conducted in support of DOE Grant DE-FG02-90ER61071 lead by E. Clothieux of Penn. State U. The specific work at KNMI revolved around the development and application of the EarthCARE simulator to ground-based multi-sensor simulations.

  16. WBS-FOR CREATING AN ER-MODEL Let A(Ei) = the set of attributes of entity-set an Ei.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundu, Sukhamay

    WBS-FOR CREATING AN ER-MODEL · Let A(Ei) = the set of attributes of entity-set an Ei. · Let A from each Ei partici- pating in Rj, can interact multiple times, then we need a pri- mary key among FOR CREATING ER-MODELS Identify name and A(Ei) for each Ei Identify a primary key for each Ei Identify name

  17. Completion Report for Model Evaluation Well ER-5-5: Corrective Action Unit 98: Frenchman Flat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Underground Test Area and Boreholes Programs and Operations

    2013-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Model Evaluation Well ER-5-5 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office in support of Nevada Environmental Management Operations at the Nevada National Security Site (formerly known as the Nevada Test Site). The well was drilled in July and August 2012 as part of a model evaluation well program in the Frenchman Flat area of Nye County, Nevada. The primary purpose of the well was to provide detailed geologic, hydrogeologic, chemical, and radiological data that can be used to test and build confidence in the applicability of the Frenchman Flat Corrective Action Unit flow and transport models for their intended purpose. In particular, this well was designed to obtain data to evaluate the uncertainty in model forecasts of contaminant migration from the upgradient underground nuclear test MILK SHAKE, conducted in Emplacement Hole U-5k in 1968, which were considered to be uncertain due to the unknown extent of a basalt lava-flow aquifer present in this area. Well ER-5-5 is expected to provide information to refine the Phase II Frenchman Flat hydrostratigraphic framework model, if necessary, as well as to support future groundwater flow and transport modeling. The 31.1-centimeter (cm) diameter hole was drilled to a total depth of 331.3 meters (m). The completion string, set at the depth of 317.2 m, consists of 16.8-cm stainless-steel casing hanging from 19.4-cm carbon-steel casing. The 16.8-cm stainless-steel casing has one slotted interval open to the basalt lava-flow aquifer and limited intervals of the overlying and underlying alluvial aquifer. A piezometer string was also installed in the annulus between the completion string and the borehole wall. The piezometer is composed of 7.3-cm stainless-steel tubing suspended from 6.0-cm carbon-steel tubing. The piezometer string was landed at 319.2 m, to monitor the basalt lava-flow aquifer. Data collected during and shortly after hole construction include composite drill cuttings samples collected every 3.0 m, various geophysical logs, preliminary water quality measurements, and water-level measurements. The well penetrated 331.3 m of Quaternary–Tertiary alluvium, including an intercalated layer of saturated basalt lava rubble. No well development or hydrologic testing was conducted in this well immediately after completion; however, a preliminary water level was measured in the piezometer string at the depth of 283.4 m on September 25, 2012. No tritium above the minimum detection limit of the field instruments was detected in this hole. Future well development, sampling, and hydrologic testing planned for this well will provide more accurate hydrologic information for this site. The stratigraphy, general lithology, and water level were as expected, though the expected basalt lava-flow aquifer is basalt rubble and not the dense, fractured lava as modeled. The lack of tritium transport is likely due to the difference in hydraulic properties of the basalt lava-flow rubble encountered in the well, compared to those of the fractured aquifer used in the flow and transport models.

  18. Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) Environmental Restoration (ER) Program Baseline Safety Analysis File (BSAF)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Baseline Safety Analysis File (BSAF) is a facility safety reference document for the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) environmental restoration activities. The BSAF contains information and guidance for safety analysis documentation required by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) for environmental restoration (ER) activities, including: Characterization of potentially contaminated sites. Remedial investigations to identify and remedial actions to clean up existing and potential releases from inactive waste sites Decontamination and dismantlement of surplus facilities. The information is INEL-specific and is in the format required by DOE-EM-STD-3009-94, Preparation Guide for U.S. Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Safety Analysis Reports. An author of safety analysis documentation need only write information concerning that activity and refer to BSAF for further information or copy applicable chapters and sections. The information and guidance provided are suitable for: {sm_bullet} Nuclear facilities (DOE Order 5480-23, Nuclear Safety Analysis Reports) with hazards that meet the Category 3 threshold (DOE-STD-1027-92, Hazard Categorization and Accident Analysis Techniques for Compliance with DOE Order 5480.23, Nuclear Safety Analysis Reports) {sm_bullet} Radiological facilities (DOE-EM-STD-5502-94, Hazard Baseline Documentation) Nonnuclear facilities (DOE-EM-STD-5502-94) that are classified as {open_quotes}low{close_quotes} hazard facilities (DOE Order 5481.1B, Safety Analysis and Review System). Additionally, the BSAF could be used as an information source for Health and Safety Plans and for Safety Analysis Reports (SARs) for nuclear facilities with hazards equal to or greater than the Category 2 thresholds, or for nonnuclear facilities with {open_quotes}moderate{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}high{close_quotes} hazard classifications.

  19. Enhanced 1.53??m emission of Er{sup 3+} ions in phosphate glass via energy transfer from Cu{sup +} ions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiménez, José A., E-mail: jose.jimenez@unf.edu [Department of Chemistry, University of North Florida, Jacksonville, Florida 32224 (United States); Sendova, Mariana [Optical Spectroscopy and Nano-Materials Lab, New College of Florida, Sarasota, Florida 34243 (United States)

    2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Optimizing the efficiency of Er{sup 3+} emission in the near-infrared telecommunication window in glass matrices is currently a subject of great interest in photonics research. In this work, Cu{sup +} ions are shown to be successfully stabilized at a high concentration in Er-containing phosphate glass by a single-step melt-quench method, and demonstrated to transfer energy to Er{sup 3+} thereby enhancing the near-infrared emission about 15 times. The spectroscopic data indicate an energy conversion process where Cu{sup +} ions first absorb photons broadly around 360?nm and subsequently transfer energy from the Stokes-shifted emitting states to resonant Er{sup 3+} absorption transitions in the visible. Consequently, the Er{sup 3+} electronic excited states decay and the {sup 4}I{sub 3/2} metastable state is populated, leading to the enhanced emission at 1.53??m. Monovalent copper ions are thus recognized as sensitizers of Er{sup 3+} ions, suggesting the potential of Cu{sup +} co-doping for applications in the telecommunications, solar cells, and solid-state lasing realizable under broad band near-ultraviolet optical pumping.

  20. Magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effects of Gd{sub x}Er{sub 1?x}Ga (0???x???1) compounds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zheng, X. Q.; Wang, L. C.; Wu, R. R.; Hu, F. X.; Sun, J. R.; Shen, B. G., E-mail: shenbg@aphy.iphy.ac.cn [Institute of Physics, State key laboratory for Magnetism, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Chen, J. [Beijing Institute of Aerospace Testing Technology, China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, Beijing 100074 (China)

    2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We carefully studied the magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect of Gd{sub x}Er{sub 1-x}Ga (0???x???1) compounds. The Gd{sub x}Er{sub 1-x}Ga compounds undergo two magnetic transitions with temperature increasing: spin-reorientation or antiferromagnetic-to-ferromagnetic (FM) transition and FM-to-paramagnetic transition. As the content of Gd increases from 0 to 1, the transition temperature in low temperature region changes from 15?K to 66?K and the Curie temperature increases obviously from 30?K to 181.9?K. Although the maximum value of magnetic entropy change (?S{sub M}) for Gd{sub x}Er{sub 1?x}Ga decreases with the increase of x, the refrigerant capacity (RC) improves remarkably compared with that of ErGa compound. Table-like ?S{sub M} curves are observed for the compounds with x?=?0.1, 0.2, 0.3, and 0.4, which are very useful for real cooling applications. And Gd{sub 0.2}Er{sub 0.8}Ga and Gd{sub 0.3}Er{sub 0.7}Ga compounds show better magnetocaloric features than others in this series under considerations of both ?S{sub M} and RC. The results of this series of compounds show us a possible way to design and improve the magnetic refrigerant materials by making some substitutions.

  1. Long-range ferromagnetic order induced by a donor impurity band exchange in SnO{sub 2}:Er{sup 3+} nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aragón, F. H.; Coaquira, J. A. H. [Núcleo de Física Aplicada, Institute of Physics, University of Brasília, Brasília DF 70910-900 (Brazil); Chitta, V. A. [Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP 05508-000 (Brazil); Hidalgo, P. [Faculdade Gama-FGA, Sector Central Gama, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, DF72405-610 (Brazil); Brito, H. F. [Instituto de Química, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP 05508-000 (Brazil)

    2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, the structural and magnetic properties of Er-doped SnO{sub 2} (SnO{sub 2}:Er) nanoparticles are reported. The SnO{sub 2}:Er nanoparticles have been synthesized by a polymer precursor method with Er content from 1.0% to 10.0%. X-ray diffraction results indicate the formation of only the rutile-type structure in all samples. The estimated mean crystallite size shows a decrease from ?10 to ?4?nm when the Er content is increased from 1.0% to 10.0%. The particle size values have been corroborated by transmission electron microscopy technique. The thermal dependence of the magnetization is consistent with the 3+ oxidation state of erbium ions for all samples. A strong paramagnetic-like behavior coexisting with a ferromagnetic phase has been determined for samples with Er content below 5.0%. Above this concentration, only a paramagnetic behavior has been determined. Isothermal magnetization curves are consistent with the occurrence of long-range ferromagnetic order mediated by donor electrons forming bound magnetic polarons which overlap to produce a spin-split impurity band.

  2. Upcoversion performance improvement of NaYF{sub 4}:Yb, Er by Sn codoping: Enhanced emission intensity and reduced decay time

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, Han, E-mail: fjfzyh@fzu.edu.cn [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350108 (China); Cao, Wenbing [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350108 (China); Huang, Qingming [Instrumentation Analysis and Research Center, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (China); Ma, En [Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (China); Zhang, Xinqi [Instrumentation Analysis and Research Center, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (China); Yu, Jianchang [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350108 (China)

    2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this manuscript we report a phenomenon that upconversion emission intensity of Er{sup 3+} was enhanced while decay time constant was decreased obviously by Sn codoping with Yb/Er into hexagonal NaYF{sub 4} synchronously. X-ray powder diffiraction, field emission scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, electron spin-resonance spectroscopy and upconversion emission spectra were employed to explore the relation of crystal structure and properties. From these characterizations we found that symmetry of the rare earth ion local crystal field could be tuned by different Sn codoping concentration. For the variable valence property of Sn the local crystal field asymmetry and emission intensity of NaYF{sub 4}:Yb, Er arrived to the maximum when 3 mol% Sn was codoped, while decay time was reduced. The study of this changing tends of upconversion emission intensity and decay time constant may be helpful for design and fabrication of high performance upconversion materials. - Graphical abstract: Variable-valenced Sn is introduced with Yb/Er into NaFY{sub 4} to tune structure and local crystal field. Upconversion emission intensity of Er{sup 3+} was enhanced while decay time constant was decreased. Display Omitted - Highlights: • NaYF{sub 4}: Yb, Er was codoped with different concentration Sn. • Upconversion emission intensity was enhanced while decay time constant was decreased. • Introduction of variable-valenced Sn is effective to tune structure and crystal field of NaFY{sub 4}.

  3. Structural and ambient/sub-ambient temperature magnetic properties of Er-substituted cobalt-ferrites synthesized by sol-gel assisted auto-combustion method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prathapani, Sateesh [School of Engineering Sciences and Technology, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500046 (India); Department of Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science, IIT-Bombay, Mumbai 400076 (India); Jayaraman, Tanjore V., E-mail: ddas@uohyd.ernet.in, E-mail: tvjayaraman@gmail.com [Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588 (United States); Varaprasadarao, Eswara K. [Department of Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science, IIT-Bombay, Mumbai 400076 (India); Das, Dibakar, E-mail: ddas@uohyd.ernet.in, E-mail: tvjayaraman@gmail.com [School of Engineering Sciences and Technology, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500046 (India)

    2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Er-substituted cobalt-ferrites CoFe{sub 2?x}Er{sub x}O{sub 4} (0???x???0.04) were synthesized by sol-gel assisted auto-combustion method. The precursor powders were calcined at 673–873?K for 4?h, subsequently pressed into pellets and sintered at 1273?K for 4?h. X-ray diffraction (XRD) confirmed the presence of the spinel phase for all the compositions and, additional orthoferrite phase for higher compositions (x?=?0.03 and 0.04). The XRD spectra and the Transmission Electron Microscopy micrographs indicate that the nanocrystalline particulates of the Er-substituted cobalt ferrites have crystallite size of ?120–200?nm. The magnetization curves show an increase in saturation magnetization (M{sub S}) and coercivity (H{sub C}) for Er-substituted cobalt-ferrites at sub-ambient temperatures. M{sub S} for CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}, CoFe{sub 0.99}Er{sub 0.01}O{sub 4}, CoFe{sub 0.98}Er{sub 0.02}O{sub 4}, and CoFe{sub 0.97}Er{sub 0.03}O{sub 4} peak at 89.7?Am{sup 2}/kg, 89.3?Am{sup 2}/kg, 88.8?Am{sup 2}/kg, and 87.1?Am{sup 2}/kg, respectively, at a sub-ambient temperature of ?150?K. H{sub C} substantially increases with decrease in temperature for all the compositions, while it peaks at x?=?0.01?0.02 at all temperatures. The combination of Er content—x???0.02 and the temperature—?5?K provides the maximum H{sub C}???984?kA/m. Er-substituted cobalt-ferrites have higher cubic anisotropy constant, K{sub 1}, compared to pure cobalt-ferrite at ambient/sub-ambient temperatures. K{sub 1} gradually increases for all compositions in the temperature decreasing from 300 to 100?K. While K{sub 1} peaks at ?150?K for pure cobalt-ferrite, it peaks at ?50?K for CoFe{sub 0.99}Er{sub 0.01}O{sub 4}, CoFe{sub 0.98}Er{sub 0.02}O{sub 4}, and CoFe{sub 0.96}Er{sub 0.04}O{sub 4}. The M{sub S} (?88.7?Am{sup 2}/kg), at 5?K, for Er substituted cobalt-ferrite is close to the highest values reported for Sm and Gd substituted cobalt-ferrites. The M{sub S} (?83.5?Am{sup 2}/kg) at 300?K for Er-substituted cobalt-ferrite is the highest among the lanthanide series element substituted cobalt-ferrites. The H{sub C} (at 5?K) for Er substituted cobalt-ferrite is close to the highest values observed for La, Ce, Nd, Sm, and Gd substituted cobalt-ferrites.

  4. Special features of the excitation spectra and kinetics of photoluminescence of the Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}:Er/Si structures with relaxed heterolayers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krasilnikova, L. V., E-mail: Luda@ipm.sci-nnov.ru; Yablonskiy, A. N.; Stepikhova, M. V.; Drozdov, Yu. N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation); Shengurov, V. G. [Lobachevsky State University, Physicotechnical Research Institute (Russian Federation); Krasilnik, Z. F. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation)

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Luminescent properties of heteroepitaxial Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}:Er/Si structures with relaxed heterolayers are studied. The results of combined studies of the excitation spectra and kinetics of photoluminescence (PL) are used to single out the components providing the largest contribution to the PL signal of the Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}:Er/Si structures in the wavelength region of 1.54 {mu}m. It is shown that relaxation of elastic stresses in the Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}:Er heterolayer affects only slightly the kinetic characteristics of erbium luminescence and manifests itself in insignificant contribution of the defects and defect-impurity complexes to the luminescent response of the Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}:Er/Si structures. In the excitation spectra of the erbium PL, special features related to the possibility of the rare-earth impurity excitation at energies lower than the band gap of the Si{sub 1} {sub -x}Ge{sub x} solid solution are revealed. It is shown that a peak the width of which depends on the band gap of the solid solution and the extent of its relaxation is observed in the excitation spectra of the erbium-related PL in the Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}:Er/Si structures in the wavelength region of 1040-1050 nm. The observed specific features are accounted for by involvement of intermediate levels in the band gap of the Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}:Er solid solution in the process of excitation of an Er{sup 3+} ion.

  5. Final Report for DOE grant project FG02-07ER41458 [Dense Quark Matter in Magnetic Fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Incera, Vivian

    2012-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Final Report for DOE grant DE-FG02-07ER41458. This grant was originally a three-year project. However, this final report summarizes the results of the first two years, as at the end of the second year of the grant the PIs moved to a new university and the grant was closed. The work done under the first two years of the DOE grant led to several papers and presentations. It also served to train one undergraduate and three graduate students.

  6. Huntingtin is required for ER-to-Golgi transport and for secretory vesicle fusion at the plasma membrane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brandstaetter, Hemma; Kruppa, Antonina J.; Buss, Folma

    2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    et al., 2009; Presley et al., 1997; Roghi and Allan, 1999). To determine whether compromising dynein activity affects the ER-to-Golgi GFP-hGH transport assay, we performed siRNA knockdown of the dynein associated intermediate chain (DIC... cells. Nature. 389:81-85. Roghi, C., and V.J. Allan. 1999. Dynamic association of cytoplasmic dynein heavy chain 1a with the Golgi apparatus and intermediate compartment. J Cell Sci. 112 ( Pt 24):4673-4685. Sahlender, D.A., R.C. Roberts, S.D. Arden...

  7. Completion Report for Well ER-20-4 Corrective Action Units 101 and 102: Central and Western Pahute Mesa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Environmental Management

    2011-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Well ER-20-4 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project at the Nevada National Security Site, Nye County, Nevada. The well was drilled in August and September 2010 as part of the Pahute Mesa Phase II drilling program. The primary purpose of the well was to investigate the possibility of radionuclide transport from up-gradient underground nuclear tests conducted in central Pahute Mesa. This well also provided detailed hydrogeologic information in the Tertiary volcanic section that will help reduce uncertainties within the Pahute Mesa-Oasis Valley hydrostratigraphic framework model.

  8. Identification of the {gamma}-vibrational band built on the 11/2{sup -}[505] orbital in {sup 165}Er

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, S. T. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Zhou, X. H.; Zhang, Y. H.; Sun, Z. Y.; Zheng, Y.; Liu, M. L.; Chen, L.; Zhang, N. T.; Hu, J.; Ma, F.; Hua, W.; Guo, S.; Qiang, Y. H.; Ma, L.; Fang, Y. D.; Li, G. S.; Zhou, H. B.; Ding, B.; Wang, H. X.; Lei, X. G. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China)

    2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Excited states in {sup 165}Er have been populated using the {sup 160}Gd({sup 9}Be, 4n) reaction at beam energies of 42 and 45 MeV. A band consisting of two levels at excitation energies of 1317.6 and 1505.9 keV, both of which decay strongly to the 11/2{sup -}[505] band, is observed and assigned as the {gamma}-vibrational band built on the 11/2{sup -}[505] configuration. In addition, a newly identified level is proposed as a three-quasiparticle state.

  9. Final Technical Report DOE Award DE-FG02-07ER41515 QUEST Camera Short Term Maintenance

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinan antagonist Journal Article: Crystal structureComposite--FOR IMMEDIATEDOE Award DE-FG02-07ER41515 QUEST

  10. ER2 Instrumentation and Measurements for CLASIC (Cloud Land Surface Interaction Campaign) June-2007 SGP {Author-Jimmy Voyles}

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed NewcatalystNeutronEnvironment >Dange1·DangerEPADetection R. De Souza 1 ,ER2

  11. Fundamentos de Matematicas Alexander Cardona

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cardona, Alexander

    Nociones b´asicas de ´algebra lineal: Sistemas de ecuaciones lineales Sistemas de Ecuaciones Lineales Antiderivada La Integral 4 Nociones b´asicas de ´algebra lineal: Sistemas de ecuaciones lineales Sistemas de Ecuaciones Lineales 5 Nociones b´asicas de ´algebra lineal: Determinantes, valores y vectores propios ´Areas

  12. November 14, 2010 ALEXANDER PFAFF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pfaff, Alex

    Economics of Deforestation: Evidence from the Brazilian Amazon and New England" Main Advisor: Richard.* , G.S. Amacher, K. Lawlor, E.O. Sills, M.J. Coren, C. Streck (2010). "Policy Impacts on Deforestation, editors, Avoided Deforestation: Prospects for Mitigating Climate Change. Routledge Explorations

  13. TOPICS IN PERCOLATION ALEXANDER DUNLAP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May, J. Peter

    probability 11 4.2. Subcritical percolation: exponential decay 13 4.3. Supercritical percolation: uniqueness. Introduction In nature, fluids (such as water) percolate through porous substances (such as earth). The key in qualitatively different ways in the "subcritical" and "supercritical" phases. When p

  14. Discrimination between energy transfer and back transfer processes for GaAs host and Er luminescent dopants using electric response analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ishii, Masashi, E-mail: ISHII.Masashi@nims.go.jp [National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan); Koizumi, Atsushi; Fujiwara, Yasufumi [Division of Materials and Manufacturing Science, Graduate School of Engineering Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Takeda, Yoshikazu [Nagoya Industrial Science Research Institute, Nagoya, Aichi 464-0819 (Japan)

    2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The energy transfer and back transfer processes of GaAs co-doped with Er and O (GaAs:Er,O) were experimentally distinguished by using a frequency response analysis of the AC photocurrent. The results were achieved by using the difference in the frequency dispersion between (1) the dispersion of the energy transfer, which is triggered by the trapping of free charges in the GaAs host and is represented with the Debye relaxation response and (2) the dispersion of the energy back transfer, which is induced by non-radiative transition of 4f bound electrons in the Er dopants and is described with a Lorentzian. The Debye relaxation response found in GaAs:Er,O provided a charge trapping time that was dependent on temperature, which was well correlated with the thermal quenching property of intense intra-4f-shell luminescence. The spectral shape of the Lorentzian dependence on the temperature was explained with the thermal excitation of Er 4f electrons and release of trapped charges in GaAs. The thermal excitation and release of charges consistently explained the characteristics of weak 4f luminescence in low- and high-temperature regions, respectively.

  15. Luminescence thermometry below room temperature via up-conversion emission of Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Yb{sup 3+},Er{sup 3+} nanophosphors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lojpur, V.; Nikoli?, G.; Drami?anin, M. D., E-mail: dramican@vinca.rs [Vin?a Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade, P.O. Box 522, Belgrade 11001 (Serbia)

    2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explores potential of Er{sup 3+}-Yb{sup 3+} doped phosphors for up-conversion luminescence thermometry in the temperature range from 10?K to 300?K. Yttrium oxide nanopowder doped with trivalent ytterbium and erbium ions (Y{sub 1.97}Yb{sub 0.02}Er{sub 0.01}O{sub 3}) was prepared by hydrothermal synthesis as an example. The intensity ratios of up-conversion emissions from thermally coupled {sup 2}H{sub 11/2} and {sup 4}S{sub 3/2} levels of Er{sup 3+} show strong temperature dependence (in the range 150?K–300?K) with much higher relative sensitivity than those reported for thermometry above room temperature with Er{sup 3+}-Yb{sup 3+} based up-conversion materials. The maximal value of relative sensitivity is 5.28%K{sup ?1} at 150?K, with temperature resolution ranging from 0.81?K to 0.06?K. In addition, the intensity ratios of emission from thermally non-coupled Er{sup 3+} levels ({sup 2}H{sub 9/2} and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}) and from {sup 4}S{sub 3/2} also show temperature dependence that can be approximated with an exponential function. With these up-conversion emission ratios, it is possible measure temperature in the range of 10?K to 300?K with excellent sensitivity and resolution.

  16. Optical properties and energy transfer processes of Ho{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+}- codoped fluorotellurite glass under 1550?nm excitation for 2.0??m applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Feifei; Liu, Xueqiang [Key Laboratory of Materials for High Power Laser, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China); Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China); Hu, Lili; Chen, Danping, E-mail: dpchen2008@aliyun.com [Key Laboratory of Materials for High Power Laser, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China)

    2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper investigates 2.0??m emission properties and energy transfer processes in the Er{sup 3+}/Ho{sup 3+} codoped fluorotellurite glass. The measured absorption spectra demonstrate that the codoped sample can be pumped by 1550?nm excitation efficiently. Judd-Ofelt and radiative parameters are calculated and discussed. Intensive 2.0??m emission originating from Ho{sup 3+}: {sup 5}I{sub 7}?{sup 5}I{sub 8} transition is observed and a long lifetime (11?ms) of the {sup 5}I{sub 7} level is measured when Ho{sup 3+} ions are sensitized by Er{sup 3+} ions. Meanwhile, the upconversion spectra of the Er{sup 3+} singly and codoped samples are obtained and the energy transfer processes of the two ions is discussed based on the change of the upconversion emissions. The microscopic interaction parameters of the phonon-assisted (Er{sup 3+}: {sup 4}I{sub 13/2}?Ho{sup 3+}:{sup 5}I{sub 7}) process are calculated and the microparameter reaches as high as 10.1?×?10{sup ?41} cm{sup 6}/s. Hence, these results indicate that this Ho{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+} codoped fluorotellurite glass will be a suitable material for developing solid state laser around 2.0??m.

  17. FInal Report: DE-FG02-04ER41310 "Elementary Particle Physics"

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Izen, Joseph M. [University of Texas at Dallas] [University of Texas at Dallas; Ishak-Boushaki, Mustapha [University of Texas at Dallas] [University of Texas at Dallas

    2013-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    ATLAS and the LHC are delivering on the promise of discovery physics at the high energy frontier. Using 4.8 fb^-1 of 2011 ?s=7 TeV data and the first 5.8 fb?1 of 2012 ?s=8 TeV data, ATLAS published the observation of a new particle with a mass of 126 GeV with a significance of 5.9? that is compatible with a Standard Model (SM) Higgs. The LHC is outperforming intial projections for the 2012 run, and ATLAS is on track to integrate ~20 fb^(-1) of proton-proton collisions in 2012 before Long Shutdown 1 (LS1) begins in Spring 2013. University of Texas at Dallas (UTD) physicists will complete work on two ATLAS analyses this fall. The first is the search for the gauge bosons of a hypothesized dark sector. For 2011 data, UTD is responsible for the ?dark photon?search in the electron-jet channel, and we are looking forward to an expanded leadership role in the dark photon search using the full 2012 data set. Our second analysis interest is the study of X/Y/Z exotic states having cc ? content, which builds on our experience in this field from the BABAR experiment After completing a measurement of the Xc(3872) production cross section this fall, we will search for evidence of the Z(4430)+ which is reported by Belle but not confirmed by BABAR. The UTD group has played a strong role in ATLAS operations, with group members serving as Pixel Run Coordinator, ATLAS Shift Leader, and Pixel/Inner Detector Shifter. For most of the current 3-year funding cycle, a group member coordinated the development of the Pixel DAQ code, and another continues to build and maintain the data quality monitoring (DQM) application that is used by the Inner Detector control room shifter. Additionally, members of our group take Pixel on-call expert shifts for DQM and DAQ. We led an optoboard lifetime study to assess concerns of premature on-detector VCSEL failure using the Pixel working prototype detector at CERN. Physicists based at UTD participated through Pixel Offline DQM and ATLAS Distributed Computing Operations Shifts (ADCoS) During Summer 2012, UTD joined upgrade activities in preparation for LS1. We took a major role in the testing of Electro-Readout (ER) Bundle testing for new Service Quarter Panels (nSQP?s), and we developed two utilities to measure the timing jitter and bit error rate of the Pixel readout chain for use commissioning Pixel detector upgrades. During BABAR?s heyday, the UTD group pioneered the use of e^+ e^- annihilation events with hard Initial State Radiation (ISR) to study the charm threshold region, and we carried out the first BABAR double-cc ? analysis. Our most recent ISR paper, written in collaboration with A. Palano (Bari) is Exclusive Production of Ds^+ Ds^-, D_S^(*+) Ds^-, and Ds^(*+) Ds^(*-) via e+ e- Annihilation with Initial-State-Radiation was published in Physical Review D 82, 052004 (2010). Work continues on a study of ISR ?c^+ ?c^- production, and a new search to establish and study double-ss ? production is starting.

  18. Completion Report for Well ER-EC-14, Corrective Action Units 101 and 102: Central and Western Pahute Mesa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Well ER-EC-14 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office in support of the Nevada Environmental Management Operations Underground Test Area (UGTA) Activity at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS; formerly Nevada Test Site), Nye County, Nevada. The well was drilled in September and October 2012, as part of the Central and Western Pahute Mesa Corrective Action Unit Phase II drilling program. The primary purpose of the well was to provide detailed hydrogeologic information for the Fortymile Canyon composite hydrostratigraphic unit in the Timber Mountain moat area, within the Timber Mountain caldera complex, that will help address uncertainties within the Pahute Mesa–Oasis Valley hydrostratigraphic framework model. The main 55.9-centimeter (cm) hole was drilled to a total depth of 325.5 meters (m) and cased with 40.6-cm casing to 308.1 m. The hole diameter was then decreased to 37.5 cm, and drilling continued to a total depth of 724.8 m. The completion casing string, set to the depth of 690.9 m, consists of 16.8-cm stainless-steel casing hanging from 19.4-cm carbon-steel casing. The stainless-steel casing has two slotted intervals open to the Rainier Mesa Tuff. Two piezometer strings were installed in Well ER-EC-14. Both piezometer strings, each with one slotted interval, consist of 6.0-cm carbon-steel tubing at the surface, then cross over to 7.3-cm stainless-steel tubing just above the water table. The shallow piezometer string was landed at 507.8 m, and the deep piezometer string was landed at 688.6 m. Both piezometer strings are set to monitor groundwater within moderately to densely welded Rainier Mesa Tuff. Data collected during and shortly after hole construction include composite drill cuttings samples collected every 3.0 m, various geophysical logs, water quality (including tritium and other radionuclides) measurements, and water level measurements. The well penetrated 15.2 m of alluvium and 709.6 m of Tertiary volcanic rocks. The stratigraphy and general lithology were not as expected due to the position of Well ER-EC-14 relative to the buried caldera margins of the Timber Mountain caldera complex. The well is located inside the Rainier Mesa caldera, but outside the younger Ammonia Tanks caldera. On November 5, 2012, a preliminary fluid level in the shallow piezometer string was measured at the depth of 311.8 m. This water level depth was taken before installation of the bridge plug (to be placed within the main completion casing to separate the two slotted zones). Well development, hydrologic testing, and sampling, will be conducted at a later date. No tritium above levels detectable by field methods were encountered in this hole. All Fluid Management Plan (FMP) requirements for Well ER-EC-14 were met. Analysis of monitoring samples and FMP confirmatory samples indicated that fluids generated during drilling at Well ER-EC-14 met the FMP criteria for discharge to an unlined sump or designated infiltration area. All sanitary and hydrocarbon waste generated was properly handled and disposed of.

  19. In-situ time-of-flight neutron diffraction of ErD2 (beta phase) formation during D2 loading.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Browning, James Frederick (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN); Llobet, Anna (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM); Snow, Clark Sheldon; Rodriguez, Mark Andrew; Wixom, Ryan R.

    2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In an effort to better understand the structural changes occurring during hydrogen loading of erbium target materials, we have performed D{sub 2} loading of erbium metal (powder) with simultaneous neutron diffraction analysis. This experiment tracked the conversion of Er metal to the {alpha} erbium deuteride (solid-solution) phase and then on to the {beta} (fluorite) phase. Complete conversion to ErD{sub 2.0} was accomplished at 10 Torr D{sub 2} pressure with deuterium fully occupying the tetrahedral sites in the fluorite lattice. Increased D{sub 2} pressure (up to 500 Torr at 450 C) revealed {approx}10 % deuterium occupation of the octahedral sites. Subsequent vacuum pumping of the sample at 450 C removed octahedral site occupancy while maintaining tetrahedral deuterium occupancy, thereby yielding stoichiometric ErD{sub 2.0} {beta} phase.

  20. DE-FG02-08ER64658 (OASIS) - Final Technical Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharman, Jonathan

    2013-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Project OASIS (Operation of Advanced Structures, Interfaces and Sub-components for MEAs) was a 12 month project that ran from 1st September 2008 to 31st August 2009, and was managed by the Department of Energy Office of Science, Chicago Office, as Award No DE-FG02-08ER64658, with Johnson Matthey Fuel Cells Inc. as the sole contractor. The project was completed on schedule, with technical successes (details below) and payment of the full grant award made by DOE. The aim of the project was the development of membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) for H2/air polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells that would give higher performance under hot/dry and dry operating conditions, ideally with no loss of performance under wet conditions. Reducing or eliminating the need for humidifying the incoming gases will allow significant system cost and size reduction for many fuel cell applications including automotive, stationary and back-up power, and portable systems. Portable systems are also of particular interest in military markets. In previous work Johnson Matthey Fuel Cells had developed very stable, corrosion-resistant catalysts suitable for resisting degradation by carbon corrosion in particular. These materials were applied within the OASIS project as they are considered necessary for systems such as automotive where multiple start-stop events are experienced. These catalysts were contrasted with more conventional materials in the design of catalyst layers and novel microporous layers (MPLs) and gas diffusion layer (GDL) combinations were also explored. Early on in the work it was shown how much more aggressive high temperature operation is than dry operation. At the same humidity, tests at 110?C caused much more dehydration than tests at 80?C and the high temperature condition was much more revealing of improvements made to MEA design. Alloy catalysts were introduced and compared with Pt catalysts with a range of particle sizes. It was apparent that the larger particle sizes of the alloy catalysts led to a reduction in performance that offset much of their kinetic advantage. The Pt-only materials clearly showed that small particles are beneficial to good performance under hot/dry conditions, because of their higher surface area, although they are known to be less stable to cyclic operation. An ex-situ water vapour sorption technique was developed that showed a very clear correlation with in-cell performance: catalyst powders that absorbed more water gave better performance in-cell. It was shown that alloy catalysts could give a 25 mV advantage over Pt-only at 1 Acm-2. GDL design was also shown to influence performance and more permeable GDLs on the anode allowed better membrane hydration and therefore conductivity. A very impermeable GDL on the cathode caused cathode flooding even under dry conditions, but a novel cathode MPL incorporating ionomer and operating at 110?C, 33/17% RH showed a 150 mV gain at 800 mAcm-2 over the conventional MPL. This project has increased the understanding of the factors that influence performance loss under dry conditions, including the development of an insightful ex-situ characterisation technique (Dynamic Vapour Sorption). All the approaches investigated can be readily implemented in state-of the-art MEAs, although optimisation would be needed to integrate the new designs with existing MEA types and to tune to the exact range of operating conditions. The work is thus expected to benefit the public by feeding through more condition-tolerant production MEAs to a range of applications and thereby accelerate the commercialisation of fuel cell technology. In summary, a number of specific catalyst, catalyst layer, MPL and GDL improvements were made during this project. Often the best designs under dry conditions translated to some performance loss under wet conditions, but compromise situations were also found where dry performance was improved with no loss of wet performance.

  1. Completion Report for Well ER-EC-13 Corrective Action Units 101 and 102: Central and Western Pahute Mesa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Environmental Management

    2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Well ER-EC-13 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office, in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project at the Nevada National Security Site (formerly Nevada Test Site), Nye County, Nevada. The well was drilled in October 2010 as part of the Pahute Mesa Phase II drilling program. A main objective was to provide detailed hydrogeologic information for the Fortymile Canyon composite unit hydrostratigraphic unit in the Timber Mountain moat area, within the Timber Mountain caldera complex, that will help address uncertainties within the Pahute Mesa–Oasis Valley hydrostratigraphic framework model. This well may also be used as a long-term monitoring well.

  2. Well Completion Report for Well ER-20-11, Corrective Action Units 101 and 102: Central and Western Pahute Mesa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Environmental Management

    2013-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Well ER-20-11 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office in support of the Nevada Environmental Management Operations Underground Test Area (UGTA) Activity at the Nevada National Security Site (formerly Nevada Test Site), Nye County, Nevada. The well was drilled in September 2012 as part of the Central and Western Pahute Mesa Corrective Action Unit Phase II drilling program. Well ER-20-11 was constructed to further investigate the nature and extent of radionuclidecontaminated groundwater encountered in two nearby UGTA wells, to help define hydraulic and transport parameters for the contaminated Benham aquifer, and to provide data for the UGTA hydrostratigraphic framework model. The 44.5-centimeter (cm) surface hole was drilled to a depth of 520.0 meters (m) and cased with 34.0-cm casing to 511.5 m. The hole diameter was then decreased to 31.1 cm, and the borehole was drilled to a total depth of 915.6 m. The hole was completed to allow access for hydrologic testing and sampling in the target aquifer, which is a lava-flow aquifer known as the Benham aquifer. The completion casing string, set to the depth of 904.3 m, consists of a string of 6?-inch (in.) stainless-steel casing hanging from a string of 7?-in. carbon-steel casing. The stainless-steel casing has one slotted interval at 796.3 to 903.6 m. One piezometer string was installed, which consists of 2?-in. stainless-steel tubing that hangs from 2?-in. carbon-steel tubing via a crossover sub. This string was landed at 903.8 m and is slotted in the interval 795.3 to 903.1 m. Data collected during and shortly after hole construction include composite drill cuttings samples collected every 3.0 m, various geophysical logs, fluid samples (for groundwater chemistry analysis and tritium measurements), and water-level measurements. The well penetrated 915.6 m of Tertiary volcanic rock, including one saturated lava flow aquifer. Measurements on samples taken from the undeveloped well indicated elevated tritium levels within the Benham aquifer. The maximum tritium level measured with field equipment was 146,131 picocuries per liter from a sample obtained at the depth of 912.0 m. The fluid level was measured in the piezometer string at a depth of 504.5 m on September 26, 2012. All Fluid Management Plan (FMP) requirements for Well ER-20-11 were met. Analysis of monitoring samples and FMP confirmatory samples indicated that fluids generated during drilling at Well ER-20-11 met the FMP criteria for discharge to an unlined sump or designated infiltration area. Well development, hydrologic testing, and sampling will be conducted at a later date.

  3. Completion Report for Well ER-EC-15 Corrective Action Units 101 and 102: Central and Western Pahute Mesa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Environmental Management

    2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Well ER-EC-15 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project at the Nevada National Security Site (formerly known as the Nevada Test Site), Nye County, Nevada. The well was drilled in October and November 2010, as part of the Pahute Mesa Phase II drilling program. The primary purpose of the well was to provide detailed hydrogeologic information in the Tertiary volcanic section in the area between Pahute Mesa and the Timber Mountain caldera complex that will help address uncertainties within the Pahute Mesa–Oasis Valley hydrostratigraphic model. In particular, the well was intended to help define the structural position and hydraulic parameters of volcanic aquifers potentially down-gradient from underground nuclear tests on Pahute Mesa. It may also be used as a long-term monitoring well.

  4. Completion Report for Well ER-EC-12 Corrective Action Units 101 and 102: Central and Western Pahute Mesa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Environmental Management

    2011-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Well ER-EC-12 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project at the Nevada National Security Site (formerly known as the Nevada Test Site), Nye County, Nevada. The well was drilled in June and July 2010 as part of the Pahute Mesa Phase II drilling program. The primary purpose of the well was to provide detailed hydrogeologic information in the Tertiary volcanic section in the area between Pahute Mesa and the Timber Mountain caldera complex that will help address uncertainties within the Pahute Mesa–Oasis Valley hydrostratigraphic model. In particular, the well was intended to help define the structural position and hydraulic parameters for volcanic aquifers potentially down-gradient from historic underground nuclear tests on Pahute Mesa. It may also be used as a long-term monitoring well.

  5. Relativistic energy density functionals: Low-energy collective states of {sup 240}Pu and {sup 166}Er

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Z. P. [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); School of Physical Science and Technology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715 (China); Niksic, T.; Vretenar, D. [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Ring, P. [State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Physik-Department der Technischen Universitaet Muenchen, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Meng, J. [State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); School of Physics and Nuclear Energy Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191 (China)

    2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The empirical relativistic density-dependent, point-coupling energy density functional, adjusted exclusively to experimental binding energies of a large set of deformed nuclei with Aapprox =150-180 and Aapprox =230-250, is tested with spectroscopic data for {sup 166}Er and {sup 240}Pu. Starting from constrained self-consistent triaxial relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov calculations of binding energy maps as functions of the quadrupole deformation in the beta-gamma plane, excitation spectra and E2 transition probabilities are calculated as solutions of the corresponding microscopic collective Hamiltonian in five dimensions for quadrupole vibrational and rotational degrees of freedom and compared with available data on low-energy collective states.

  6. Role of silicon excess in Er-doped silicon-rich nitride light emitting devices at 1.54??m

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramírez, J. M., E-mail: jmramirez@el.ub.edu; Berencén, Y.; Garrido, B. [MIND-IN2UB, Department Electrònica, Universitat de Barcelona, Martí i Franquès 1, Barcelona 08028 (Spain); Cueff, S. [Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon, École Centrale de Lyon, Écully 69134 (France); Labbé, C. [Centre de Recherche sur les Ions, les Matériaux et la Photonique (CIMAP), UMR 6252 CNRS/CEA/Ensicaen/UCBN, Caen 14050 (France)

    2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Erbium-doped silicon-rich nitride electroluminescent thin-films emitting at 1.54??m have been fabricated and integrated within a metal-oxide-semiconductor structure. By gradually varying the stoichiometry of the silicon nitride, we uncover the role of silicon excess on the optoelectronic properties of devices. While the electrical transport is mainly enabled in all cases by Poole-Frenkel conduction, power efficiency and conductivity are strongly altered by the silicon excess content. Specifically, the increase in silicon excess remarkably enhances the conductivity and decreases the charge trapping; however, it also reduces the power efficiency. The main excitation mechanism of Er{sup 3+} ions embedded in silicon-rich nitrides is discussed. The optimum Si excess that balances power efficiency, conductivity, and charge trapping density is found to be close to 16%.

  7. Single and two-photon fluorescence control of Er{sup 3+} ions by phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulse

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Shian, E-mail: sazhang@phy.ecnu.edu.cn; Ding, Jingxin; Lu, Chenhui; Jia, Tianqing; Sun, Zhenrong, E-mail: zrsun@phy.ecnu.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, and Department of Physics, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, and Department of Physics, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062 (China); Xu, Shuwu [State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, and Department of Physics, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062 (China) [State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, and Department of Physics, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062 (China); School of Science, Nantong University, Nantong 226007 (China); Qiu, Jianrong [State Key Laboratory of Luminescent Materials and Devices, and Institute of Optical Communication Materials, South China University of Technology, Wushan Road 381, Guangzhou 510640 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Luminescent Materials and Devices, and Institute of Optical Communication Materials, South China University of Technology, Wushan Road 381, Guangzhou 510640 (China)

    2014-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We experimentally demonstrate the control of the single and two-photon fluorescence (SPF and TPF) in Er{sup 3+} ions by shaping the femtosecond laser pulse with a ? or square phase modulation. With the low laser intensity (8.4?×?10{sup 10}?W/cm{sup 2}), SPF keeps a constant while TPF is effectively suppressed by the two control schemes. With the high laser intensity (1.2?×?10{sup 13}?W/cm{sup 2}), both SPF and TPF are simultaneously enhanced or suppressed by the ? phase modulation, and SPF is enhanced while TPF is effectively suppressed by the square phase modulation. The up/down-conversion fluorescence enhancement, suppression, or tuning by the optical control method can greatly expand its applications in various related fields.

  8. CDR Library Coordinator, Steven Wilson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    of Intellectual Disability Teaching Children with Down Syndrome about Their Bodies, Bounda- ries, and Sexuality learn, the more places you'll go." - Dr. Seuss #12;Teaching Children with Down Syndrome about and mother of a child with Down syndrome, the author blends factual information and practical ideas

  9. Wilson_APS2007.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched FerromagnetismWaste and MaterialsWenjun DengWISP SignInWhoWilliston toWilma

  10. Directions to Wilson Hall, Fermilab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to UserProduct: CrudeOfficeNERSCDiesel pricesDirections &Directions

  11. Fermilab Wilson Hall and Vicinity

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibility ofSmall Works:OklahomaatWayne State University May

  12. ErAs:,,InGaAs...1-x,,InAlAs...x alloy power generator modules Gehong Zeng,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowers, John

    p-type ErAs:InGaAs alloy thermoelectric elements. The thermoelectric properties of the materials power and efficiency of a thermoelectric generator module depend largely on the material. Thermoelectric properties can be improved by introducing nanometer scale structure into materials.2 In this way

  13. Final Report for Grant DE-FG02-91ER40690 for the period 12/1/2010 to 4/30/2014

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kass, R.; Durkin, L.; Hill, C.; Braaten, E.; Mathur, S.; Raby, S.; Shigemitsu, J.; Gan, K.; Kagan, H.; Hughes, R.; Winer, B.; Honscheid, K.

    2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the #12;final report for The Ohio State University high energy physics grant DE-FG02- 91ER40690. The activities of the various Tasks are briefy summarized over the previous grant period. The support from the Department of Energy is greatly appreciated.

  14. FLGESKJEMA FOR SKERE TIL PPU TEACH FIRST NORWAY Dersom du har utdanning som ikke er tatt ved UiO, m du skrive ut dette skjemaet og

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Løw, Erik

    F�LGESKJEMA FOR S�KERE TIL PPU TEACH FIRST NORWAY Dersom du har utdanning som ikke er tatt ved Ui søke PPU Teach First Norway i Søknadsweb. Ditt navn: Fødselsnr: Jeg har søkt om fagdidaktikk i

  15. Ion irradiation damage in k-doped silica probed by the Er3+ luminescence lifetime at 1.535 pm4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polman, Albert

    irradiation.' Furthermore, silica-basedop- tical fibers are the standard in telecommunicationtechnol- ogy the effectof MeV ion irradiation damage on the optical propertiesof Er-doped silica films is studied. Erbium-doped silica glasshas recently attracted attention becauseof its use in optical fiber amplifiers.5'6Erbium

  16. The Lujan Center is a national user facility funded by Basic Energy Sciences of the Department of Energy which o ers capability for basic and applied neutron scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Energy which o ers capability for basic and applied neutron scattering relevant to national security are the domain of the low-Q scattering intrument, LQD. These well-established neutron techniques probe long Matter, Local Structure, and Nanomaterials The Lujan Neutron Scattering Center encompasses a set

  17. Optical doping of vwaveguide materials by MeV Er implantation A. Polman,a) D. C. Jacobson, D. J. Eaglesham, Ft. C. Kistler, and J. M. Poate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polman, Albert

    ions into micron-thick silica and phosphosilicate glass films and 1200-A-thick S&N4 films is studied materials in this planar technology are silica, phosphosilicate glass, and silicon nitride. The silica- based glasses, depending on annealing treatment and Er concentration. Silicon nitride films show lower

  18. 12me Colloque National AIP PRIMECA Le Mont Dore -29 Mars-1er avril 2011 DE SYSML A MODELICA : AIDE A LA FORMALISATION DE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    12ème Colloque National AIP PRIMECA Le Mont Dore - 29 Mars- 1er avril 2011 1 DE SYSML A MODELICA lequel l'approche de l'ingénierie système basée sur les modèles est utilisée. SysML et Modelica sont les graphique et visuelle alors que Modelica est un langage textuel destiné à la simulation des modèles. Dans le

  19. Butz, T. and von Stryk, O.: Modelling and Simulation of ER and MR Fluid Dampers 1 ZAMM Z. angew. Math. Mech. 78 (1998) 0, 122

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stryk, Oskar von

    Butz, T. and von Stryk, O.: Modelling and Simulation of ER and MR Fluid Dampers 1 ZAMM · Z. angew. Math. Mech. 78 (1998) 0, 1­22 Butz, T.; von Stryk, O. Modelling and Simulation of Electro, phenomenological models, numerical simulation, pas- sive suspension MSC (1991): 65C20, 76A05 1 Introduction Electro

  20. Guided wave absorption and uorescence in epitaxial Er:BaTiO3 on MgO D.M. Gilla,*, G.M. Fordb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ho, Seng-Tiong

    . Keywords: Er:BaTiO3; Fluorescence; Luminescence 1. Introduction The development of low-cost composite waveguides fabricated in erbium-doped thin-®lm epitaxial BaTiO3. Luminescence transient measurements indicate strategies toward the realization of this type of opto-electronic circuit. Proposed designs of hybrid opto

  1. Completion Report for Well ER-EC-11 Corrective Action Units 101 and 102: Central and Western Pahute Mesa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Environmental Management

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Well ER-EC-11 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office, in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project at the Nevada National Security Site (formerly Nevada Test Site), Nye County, Nevada. The well was drilled in September and October 2009 as part of the Pahute Mesa Phase II drilling program. A main objective was to investigate radionuclide migration down-gradient from Well Cluster ER-20-5 and Well ER-20-7 and across the northern Timber Mountain moat structural zone into the area referred to as the Bench, between Pahute Mesa and the Timber Mountain caldera complex. A secondary purpose of the well was to provide detailed hydrogeologic information for the shallow- to intermediate-depth Tertiary volcanic section in the Bench area. This well also provided detailed hydrogeologic information in the Tertiary volcanic section to reduce uncertainties within the Pahute Mesa-Oasis Valley hydrostratigraphic framework model (Bechtel Nevada, 2002). The main 52.1-centimeter hole was drilled to a depth of 507.5 meters and then opened to a diameter of 66.0 centimeters. It was cased with 50.8-centimeter casing to 504.9 meters. The hole diameter was then decreased to 47.0 centimeters, and drilling continued to a total depth of 979.3 meters. It was then cased with 34.0-centimeter casing set at 965.5 meters. The hole diameter was then decreased to 31.1 centimeters and the borehole was drilled to a total depth of 1,264.3 meters. The completion casing string, set to the depth of 1,262.5 meters, consists of 19.4-centimeter stainless-steel casing hanging from 19.4-centimeter carbon-steel casing. The stainless-steel casing has two slotted intervals open to the Tiva Canyon and Topopah Spring aquifers. Four piezometer strings were installed in Well ER-EC-11. A string of carbon-steel 6.0-centimeter tubing with one slotted interval was inserted outside the 50.8-centimeter casing, within the 66.0-centimeter borehole for access to the Timber Mountain aquifer, and landed at 475.3 meters. A second string of 6.0-centimeter tubing with one slotted interval was inserted outside the 34.0-centimeter casing, within the 47.0-centimeter borehole for access to the Benham aquifer, and landed at 911.7 meters. A third piezometer string consists of 7.3-centimeter stainless-steel tubing that hangs from 6.0-centimeter carbon-steel tubing via a crossover sub. This string was landed at 1,029.5 meters to monitor the Tiva Canyon aquifer. The deepest string of 7.3-centimeter tubing was landed at 1,247.8 meters to monitor the Topopah Spring aquifer. Data collected during and shortly after hole construction include composite drill cuttings samples collected every 3.0 meters, 67 percussion gun and rotary sidewall core samples, various geophysical logs, fluid samples (for groundwater chemistry analysis and tritium measurements), and water-level measurements. The well penetrated 1,264.3 meters of Tertiary volcanic rock, including three saturated welded-tuff aquifers and one saturated lava-flow aquifer. A water level was measured in the Timber Mountain aquifer at 449.6 meters, during open-hole geophysical logging on September 20, 2009. The fluid level measured after the total depth was reached and the upper aquifer was cased off was 450.0 meters when measured in the open borehole on October 17, 2009. Measurements on samples taken from the undeveloped well indicated that tritium levels averaging approximately 12,430 picocuries per liter (less than Safe Drinking Water Act levels) were encountered within the Benham aquifer. Tritium was below the minimum detectable activity concentration for samples collected from the Tiva Canyon aquifer and the Topopah Spring aquifer.

  2. Mid-infrared frequency comb spanning an octave based on an Er fiber laser and difference-frequency generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fritz Keilmann; Sergiu Amarie

    2012-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a coherent mid-infrared continuum source with 700 cm-1 usable bandwidth, readily tuned within 600 - 2500 cm-1 (4 - 17 \\mum) and thus covering much of the infrared "fingerprint" molecular vibration region. It is based on nonlinear frequency conversion in GaSe using a compact commercial 100-fs-pulsed Er fiber laser system providing two amplified near-infrared beams, one of them broadened by a nonlinear optical fiber. The resulting collimated mid-infrared continuum beam of 1 mW quasi-cw power represents a coherent infrared frequency comb with zero carrier-envelope phase, containing about 500,000 modes that are exact multiples of the pulse repetition rate of 40 MHz. The beam's diffraction-limited performance enables long-distance spectroscopic probing as well as maximal focusability for classical and ultraresolving near-field microscopies. Applications are foreseen also in studies of transient chemical phenomena even at ultrafast pump-probe scale, and in high-resolution gas spectroscopy for e.g. breath analysis.

  3. Near infrared and upconversion luminescence behaviour of Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} codoped boro-tellurite glasses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maheshvaran, K. [Department of Physics, Gandhigram Rural Institute - Deemed University, Gandhigram - 624302, India and Department of Physics, K.S. Rangasamy College of Technology, Trichengode - 637215 (India); Arunkumar, S., E-mail: mari-ram2000@yahoo.com; Vijayakumar, R., E-mail: mari-ram2000@yahoo.com; Marimuthu, K., E-mail: mari-ram2000@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, Gandhigram Rural Institute ? Deemed University, Gandhigram - 624302 (India)

    2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The broadband NIR and upconversion luminescence behavior in a new series of Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} codoped TeO{sub 2}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3}-SrO-BaO-Li{sub 2}O-LiF glasses have been studied exciting at a wavelength of 980 nm using semiconductor laser. A broadband emission is observed from 1450 to 1650 nm with a full width at half maximum (FWHM) around 165 nm in 0.5wt% Yb{sup 3+} ion content E0.5YLTB glass. The radiative parameters such as transition probability (A), stimulated emission cross-section (?{sup E}), experimental and calculated branching ratios (?{sub R}), optical gain width (?{sub p}×FWHM) and radiative lifetime (?{sub cal}) have been calculated for the {sup 4}I{sub 13/2}?{sup 4}I{sub 15/2} NIR emission. Upconversion luminescence spectra of the prepared glasses have been studied and the ESA and ET processes have also been discussed and reported.

  4. Low Lying Magnetic and Electric Dipole Strength Distribution in the Even-Even 164-170Er

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ertugral, F.; Kuliev, A. A. [Sakarya University, Physics Department, Adapazari (Turkey); Guliyev, E. [Institute of Physics, National Academy of Sciences, H.Cavid Avenue 33, Baku (Azerbaijan)

    2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Quasiparticle random-phase approximation calculations, where rotational and translational invariance are restored selfconsistently by using separable effective forces, are presented for the ground state dipole response in the even-even 164-170Er isotopes. We consider the 1+ vibrations generated by the isovector spin-spin interactions and the isoscalar and isovector quadrupole type separable forces restoring the broken symmetry by a deformed mean field. It has been shown that restoration of the broken rotational and translational symmetry of the Hamiltonian essentially decrease the B(M1) and the B(E1) values of the low lying 1+ and 1- states and increase the collectivization of the scissors mode and the electric dipole mode excitations in the spectroscopic energy region. The resulting M1 and E1 spectrum are compared with available experimental data. The calculated dipole strengths summed in the energy range 1.8-4 MeV are in agreement with the relevant experimental data. In this nuclei theory predicts many more low-lying 1+ and 1- states than experiment.

  5. Thermal conductivity of Er{sup +3}:Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} films grown by atomic layer deposition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raeisi Fard, Hafez; Hess, Andrew; Pashayi, Kamyar; Borca-Tasciuc, Theodorian, E-mail: borcat@rpi.edu [Mechanical, Aerospace and Nuclear Engineering Department, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180 (United States)] [Mechanical, Aerospace and Nuclear Engineering Department, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180 (United States); Becker, Nicholas; Proslier, Thomas; Pellin, Michael [Material Sciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory 9700 S. Cass Avenue, Lemont, Illinois 60439 (United States)] [Material Sciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory 9700 S. Cass Avenue, Lemont, Illinois 60439 (United States)

    2013-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Cross-plane thermal conductivity of 800, 458, and 110?nm erbium-doped crystalline yttria (Er{sup +3}:Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}) films deposited via atomic layer deposition was measured using the 3? method at room temperature. Thermal conductivity results show 16-fold increase in thermal conductivity from 0.49?W m{sup ?1}K{sup ?1} to 8?W m{sup ?1}K{sup ?1} upon post deposition annealing, partially due to the suppression of the number of the -OH/H{sub 2}O bonds in the films after annealing. Thermal conductivity of the annealed film was ?70% lower than undoped bulk single crystal yttria. The cumulative interface thermal resistivity of substrate-Er{sup +3}:Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}-metal heater was determined to be ?2.5?×?10{sup ?8} m{sup 2} K/W.

  6. Temperature of broadband anti-Stokes white emission in LiYbP{sub 4}O{sub 12}: Er nanocrystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marciniak, L., E-mail: l.marciniak@int.pan.wroc.pl; Strek, W.; Hreniak, D. [Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, 50-422 Wroc?aw (Poland); Guyot, Y. [Institute Light Matter (ILM), UMR5306 CNRS-University Lyon1, University of Lyon, 69622 Villeurbanne (France)

    2014-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The up-conversion emission of LiYb{sub 0.99}Er{sub 0.01}P{sub 4}O{sub 12} nanocrystals was investigated in vacuum upon the focused beam of infrared laser excitation. The intense white broad band emission was observed above the threshold power of 800 mW. An increase of excitation power results in enhancement of temperature of emitting nanocrystals. The temperature of nanocrystals was determined following the thermally equilibrated f-f emission transitions of Er{sup 3+} ions. The highest measured temperature of white emission was determined to be about 900?K. It is concluded that the black body radiation is not responsible for the white broad band emission.

  7. SUPPLEMENTAL FIGURES Fig. S1. The ER inhibitor ICI 182,780, decreases PR-mediated gene expression in T47D

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hergenrother, Paul J.

    but not OHT inhibits E2-ER-dependent growth of MCF7ERHA cells. MCF7ERHA cells were maintained for 4 days in 6x. S5. TPSF does not down-regulate the level of Muc1. MCF-7 cells were maintained and plated on the levels of AR and GR. The cell lines used and cell growth conditions were those employed in the dose

  8. VOLUME 78, NUMBER 22 P HY S I CA L REV I EW L E T T ER S 2 JUNE 1997 Stability Ordering of Cycle Expansions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dettmann, Carl

    dysL 1 · · · L k d . (1) The sum is over all distinct nonrepeating combinations of prime cyclesVOLUME 78, NUMBER 22 P HY S I CA L REV I EW L E T T ER S 2 JUNE 1997 Stability Ordering of Cycle, Australia (Received 3 December 1996) We propose that cycle expansions be ordered with respect to stability

  9. Emission intensity in the visible and IR spectral ranges from Si-based structures formed by direct bonding with simultaneous doping with erbium (Er) and europium (Eu)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mezdrogina, M. M., E-mail: margaret.m@mail.ioffe.ru; Kostina, L. S.; Beliakova, E. I.; Kuzmin, R. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation)

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The photo- and electroluminescence spectra of silicon-based structures formed by direct bonding with simultaneous doping with rare-earth metals are studied. It is shown that emission in the visible and IR spectral ranges can be obtained from n-Si:Er/p-Si and n-Si:Eu/p-Si structures fabricated by the method suggested in the study. The results obtained make this method promising for the fabrication of optoelectronic devices.

  10. Energy transfer characteristics of silicate glass doped with Er{sup 3+}, Tm{sup 3+}, and Ho{sup 3+} for ?2 ?m emission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Ming; Liu, Xueqiang [Key Laboratory of Materials for High Power Laser, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China) [Key Laboratory of Materials for High Power Laser, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China); Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China); Guo, Yanyan [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Changchun University of Science and Technology, Changchun 130022 (China)] [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Changchun University of Science and Technology, Changchun 130022 (China); Hu, Lili [Key Laboratory of Materials for High Power Laser, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Materials for High Power Laser, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China); Zhang, Junjie [College of Materials Science and Engineering, China Jiliang University, Hangzhou 310 018 (China)] [College of Materials Science and Engineering, China Jiliang University, Hangzhou 310 018 (China)

    2013-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A Er{sup 3+}/Tm{sup 3+}/Ho{sup 3+} tri-doped silicate glass with good thermal stability is prepared by melt-quenching method. Efficient ?2 ?m emission is observed under 808 nm laser excitation. It is found that the 2.0 ?m emission of Ho{sup 3+} can be enhanced under the excitation at 808 nm by incorporating Er{sup 3+} and Tm{sup 3+}. Based on the measurement of absorption spectra, the Judd–Ofelt intensity parameters, radiation emission probability, and branching ratio are calculated to evaluate the spectroscopic properties simultaneously. The maximum value of emission cross section of Ho{sup 3+} is 3.54 × 10{sup ?21} cm{sup 2} at 2008 nm. Additionally, the phonon assistance and the micro-parameters in the energy transfer process are quantitatively analyzed by using Dexter model. The energy transfer coefficient from Tm{sup 3+} to Ho{sup 3+} can reach as high as 21.44 × 10{sup ?40} cm{sup 6}/s, respectively. The emission property together with good thermal property indicates that Er{sup 3+}/Tm{sup 3+}/Ho{sup 3+} tri-doped silicate glass is a potential kind of laser glass for efficient 2 ?m laser.

  11. DOE/ER-0442

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phases onOrganizationElectronic Reading2Q)382 THE HUMAN GENOME2 Executive

  12. DJS CLAIM ER

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phases onOrganization FY Middle SchoolARM-TR-01468This4t c 5 "NEUTR

  13. Analysis of FY 2005/2006 Hydrologic Testing and Sampling Results for Well ER-12-4, Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada, Rev. No.: 0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bill Fryer

    2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the analysis of data collected for ER-12-4 during the fiscal year (FY) 2005 Rainier Mesa/Shoshone Mountain well development and hydraulic testing program (herein referred to as the ''testing program'') and hydraulic response data from the FY 2006 Sampling Program. Well ER-12-4 was constructed and tested as a part of the Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 99, Rainier Mesa/Shoshone Mountain, Phase I drilling program during FY 2005. These activities were conducted on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) for the Underground Test Area (UGTA) Subproject. As shown on Figure 1-1, ER-12-4 is located in central Rainier Mesa, in Area 12 of the Nevada Test Site (NTS). Figure 1-2 shows the well location in relation to the tunnels under Rainier Mesa. The well was drilled to a total depth (TD) of 3,715 feet (ft) below ground surface (bgs) (surface elevation 6,883.7 ft above mean sea level [amsl]) in the area of several tunnels mined into Rainier Mesa that were used historically for nuclear testing (NNSA/NSO, 2006). The closest nuclear test to the well location was MIGHTY OAK (U-12t.08), conducted in the U-12t Tunnel approximately 475 ft north of the well site. The MIGHTY OAK test working point elevation was located at approximately 5,620 ft amsl. The MIGHTY OAK test had an announced yield of ''less than 20 kilotons'' (DOE/NV, 2000). The purpose of this hydrogeologic investigation well is to evaluate the deep Tertiary volcanic section below the tunnel level, which is above the regional water table, and to provide information on the section of the lower carbonate aquifer - thrust plate (LCA3), located below the Tertiary volcanic section (SNJV, 2005b). Details on the drilling and completion program are presented in the ''Completion Report for Well ER-12-4 Corrective Action Unit 99: Rainier Mesa-Shoshone Mountain'' (NNSA/NSO, 2006). Participants in ER-12-4 testing activities were: Stoller-Navarro Joint Venture (SNJV), Bechtel Nevada (BN), Desert Research Institute (DRI), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). Stoller-Navarro Joint Venture served as the lead contractor responsible for providing site supervision, development and testing services, and waste management services; BN provided construction and engineering support services; DRI provided well logging services and participated in groundwater sampling and laboratory analyses; LANL and LLNL participated in groundwater sampling and laboratory analyses; and the USGS performed laboratory analyses. Analyses of data from the ER-12-4 testing program presented in this document were performed by SNJV except as noted. These same contractors participated in the FY 2006 Sampling Program.

  14. Frequency upconversion in Er{sup 3+} doped Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanophosphor:Yb{sup 3+} sensitization and tailoring effect of Li{sup +} ion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mishra, K. [Laser and Spectroscopy Laboratory, Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005 (India); Singh, S.K., E-mail: sunilcfsl@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi 221005 (India); Singh, A.K. [School of Materials Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi 221005 (India); Rai, S.B., E-mail: sbrai49@yahoo.co.in [Laser and Spectroscopy Laboratory, Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005 (India)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Dual mode luminescence behavior of Er{sup 3+} in oxide phosphor. • Sensitization through Yb{sup 3+} codoping, and tailoring effect of lithium ion. • Phosphors for lighting and display applications. - Abstract: Er{sup 3+} doped Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanophosphor has been synthesized using solution combustion technique and further characterized for structure and optical properties. Optical properties of Er{sup 3+} ion have been studied both through frequency upconversion (UC) as well as through fluorescence (excitation, emission, and CIE co-ordinate analysis) processes. Further to enhance the UC emission of Er{sup 3+} ions, a two step process has been used. In the first step, Yb{sup 3+} ion has been co-doped, which acts as the sensitizer for Er{sup 3+} through energy transfer process. In the second step, different concentrations of Li{sup +} ions have been co-doped in the Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+}:Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} system. Fourier transform infrared analysis, and X-ray diffraction (XRD) followed by Le-Bail refinement of the XRD data reveal that the co-doping of Li{sup +} ion decreases unit cell parameter, increases the particle size, and removes the quenching centers (like OH, NO{sub x}, etc.), which all together causes a significant enhancement in UC emission. Optimum UC luminescence is attained for 5 mol% Li{sup +} doping concentration beyond which a quenching in UC emission is observed. This combined approach, i.e. Yb{sup 3+} sensitization and Li{sup +} ion tailoring simultaneously enhances the UC emission intensity of Er{sup 3+} several times in yttria matrix effectively. The strategy can be generalized in other hosts also which could help in the development of efficient photonic materials for lighting and display devices.

  15. Solution Processed MoS2-PVA Composite for Sub-Bandgap Mode-Locking of a Wideband Tunable Ultrafast Er:Fiber Laser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Meng; Howe, Richard C. T.; Woodward, Robert I.; Kelleher, Edmund J. R.; Torrisi, Felice; Hu, Guohua; Popov, Sergei V.; Taylor, J. Roy; Hasan, Tawfique

    2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    with stable, picosecond pulses, tunable from 1535 nm to 1565 nm 2 Solution Processed MoS2-PVA Composite for Sub-Bandgap Mode-Locking of a Wideband Tunable Ultrafast Er:Fiber Laser Meng Zhang1, Richard C. T. Howe2, Robert I. Woodward1... ! to! relaxation! of! thermalized! electron! and!phonon! distribution! [3].! This! combination! of!properties!makes!MoS2!a!suitable!saturable!absorber!(SA)! for! ultrafast! mode+locked! pulsed! lasers,! with!the! potential! for! pulse! generation! at...

  16. Identification of LAMBDA-like systems in Er{sup 3+}:Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5} and observation of electromagnetically induced transparency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baldit, E.; Bencheikh, K.; Monnier, P.; Briaudeau, S.; Levenson, J. A.; Crozatier, V.; Lorgere, I.; Bretenaker, F.; Le Goueet, J. L.; Guillot-Noeel, O.; Goldner, Ph. [Laboratoire de Photonique et de Nanstructures, CNRS-UPR 20, 91460 Marcoussis (France); Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS-UPR 3321, University Paris-Sud, Bat. 505, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Laboratoire de Chimie de la Matiere Condensee de Paris, CNRS-UMR 7574, ENSCP, 11 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75231 Paris Cedex 05 (France)

    2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) is reported in a solid-state material doped with erbium ions. In this paper we introduce the spectroscopic investigations we have conducted in order to identify the adequate LAMBDA-like three-level systems in Er{sup 3+}:Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5} crystal, relevant for the demonstration of EIT. These results pave the way for nonlinear and quantum optics applications based on EIT at the telecom wavelength around 1.5 mum.

  17. Analysis of nanostructure and nanochemistry by ASAXS: Accessing phase composition of oxyfluoride glass ceramics doped with Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haas, Sylvio; Hoell, Armin; Wurth, Roman; Ruessel, Christian; Boesecke, Peter; Vainio, Ulla [Institute of Applied Materials, Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fuer Materialien und Energie, Albert-Einstein-Strasse 15, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Otto-Schott-Institut fuer Glaschemie, Friedrich-Schiller-Universitaet Jena, Fraunhoferstrasse 6, D-07743 Jena (Germany); European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), 6 Rue Jules Horowitz, BP 220, 38043 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); HASYLAB at DESY, Notkestrasse 85, D-22607 Hamburg (Germany)

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Here, we describe the analysis of the nanostructure and average chemical compositions of each phase present in an oxyfluoride glass ceramic, which is composed of fluoride nanocrystals and an oxide glass matrix. The overall composition of the oxyfluoride glass ceramic as prepared is 21.1%SiO{sub 2} 6.5%B{sub 2}O{sub 3} 7.0%Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} 21.0%PbF{sub 2} 14.3%CdF{sub 2} 11.0%YbF{sub 3} 0.5%ErF{sub 3} 11.0%PbO 7.6%CdO(mole %). Nanocrystals begin to grow at temperatures above the glass transformation temperature at 678 K as observed by x-ray diffraction. We report results from anomalous small-angle x-ray scattering taken at energies of x-ray absorption edges of Er, Yb, Pb, and Cd. By nonlinear regression of the scattering curves obtained from different edges simultaneously, the nanocrystals were found to be describable as polydisperse spheroids. The length of the smaller axis was found to be 6.4+-1.4 nm while the larger axis was found to be 17.7+-3.9 nm. By analyzing the scattering contrast as a function of the x-ray energy we found cadmium only in the glass matrix.

  18. Er{sup 3+}-doped strontium lithium bismuth borate glasses for broadband 1.5 {mu}m emission - optical properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rajesh, D.; Balakrishna, A.; Ratnakaram, Y. C. [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati-517502 (India)

    2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Strontium lithium bismuth borate glasses (SLBiB) doped with various concentrations of Er{sup 3+} were prepared using conventional melt quench technique and investigated their optical properties. The amorphous nature of the prepared glass samples was confirmed by X-ray diffraction and SEM analysis. Optical properties were studied by measuring the optical absorption and near infrared luminescence spectra at room temperature. Judd-Ofelt (J-O) theory has been applied for the f.f transitions of Er{sup 3+} ions to evaluate J-O intensity parameters, {Omega}{lambda} ({lambda} = 2, 4 and 6). Using the J-O intensity parameters, radiative properties such as transition probabilities (A{sub R}), branching ratios ({beta}) and radiative lifetimes ({tau}) are estimated for certain transitions. From the emission spectra, peak emission-cross sections ({sigma}{sub p}) and products of stimulated emission cross-section and full width at half maximum ({sigma}{sub p} Multiplication-Sign FWHM) were calculated for the observed emission transition, {sup 4}I{sub 13/2}{yields}{sup 4}I{sub 15/2}.

  19. Synthesis of solid solution Er{sub 2-x}Ce{sub x}W{sub 3}O{sub 12} and studies of their thermal expansion behavior.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, M. M.; Cheng, Y. Z.; Peng, J.; Xiao, X. L.; Chen, D. F.; Kiyanagi, R.; Fieramosca, J. S.; Short, S.; Jorgensen, J.; Hu, Z. B.; Graduate Univ. Chinese Academy of Sciences; China Inst. of Atomic Energy

    2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The syntheses and structures of Er{sub 2-x}Ce{sub x}W{sub 3}O{sub 12} were studied. It was found that pure phases could form only for 0.0 {le} x {le} 0.4 and 1.5 {le} x {le} 2.0. Compounds with 0 {le} x {le} 0.4 have the hydrated orthorhombic structure at room temperature and transform to unhydrated orthorhombic one above 135 C whereas samples with 1.5 {le} x {le} 2.0 crystallize in monoclinic structure. Thermal expansion properties of Er{sub 2-x}Ce{sub x}W{sub 3}O{sub 12} were studied with high temperature X-ray powder diffraction. Samples with 0 {le} x {le} 0.4 exhibit negative thermal expansion in temperature range of 200-800 C and higher cerium content leads to more negative thermal expansion coefficient. However, compounds with 1.5 {le} x {le} 2.0 show positive thermal expansion owing to the edge-sharing polyhedra.

  20. Temperature dependence of Er{sup 3+} ionoluminescence and photoluminescence in Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Bi nanopowder

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boruc, Zuzanna, E-mail: z.boruc@stud.elka.pw.edu.pl; Fetli?ski, Bartosz; Kaczkan, Marcin; Malinowski, Micha? [Institute of Microelectronics and Optoelectronics, Warsaw University of Technology, ul. Koszykowa 75, 00-662 Warsaw (Poland); Gawlik, Grzegorz [Institute of Electronic Materials Technology, ul. Wolczynska 133, 01-919 Warsaw (Poland)

    2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Ionoluminescence (IL) and photoluminescence (PL) of trivalent erbium ions (Er{sup 3+}) in Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanopowder host activated with Bi{sup 3+} ions has been studied in order to establish the link between changes in luminescent spectra and temperature of the sample material. IL measurements have been performed with H{sub 2}{sup +} 100 keV ion beam bombarding the target material for a few seconds, while PL spectra have been collected for temperatures ranging from 20?°C to 700?°C. The PL data was used as a reference in determining the temperature corresponding to IL spectra. The collected data enabled the definition of empirical formula based on the Boltzmann distribution, which allows the temperature to be determined with a maximum sensitivity of 9.7 × 10{sup ?3}?°C{sup ?1}. The analysis of the Er{sup 3+} energy level structure in terms of tendency of the system to stay in thermal equilibrium, explained different behaviors of the line intensities. This work led to the conclusion that temperature changes during ion excitation can be easily defined with separately collected PL spectra. The final result, which is empirical formula describing dependence of fluorescence intensity ratio on temperature, raises the idea of an application of method in temperature control, during processes like ion implantation and some nuclear applications.

  1. Final Technical Report for DOE DE-FG02-05ER54831 "Laboratory Studies of Dynamos."

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Forest, Cary B. [UW-Madison

    2014-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Laboratory Studies of Dynamos: Executive Summary. The self-generation of magnetic #12;fields by astrophysical bodies like planets, stars, accretion disks, galaxies, and even galaxy clusters arises due to a mechanism referred to as a homogeneous dynamo. It is quite simple to demonstrate the generation of a magnetic fi#12;eld from a rotating copper disk coupled with a coil of wire, a device known as the homopolar dynamo. The device works like a magnetic fi#12;eld ampli#12;er with a feedback circuit: the differential rotation of a metal disk past an infinitesimally small seed magnetic field induces currents in the disk which, when coupled to a coil winding, can amplify the #12;field until it becomes strong enough to slow the rotation of the disk. What is remarkable is that the same type of circuit may be achieved in a flowing conducting fluid such as a liquid metal in the case of planetary dynamos or a plasma in the case of astrophysical dynamos. The complexity of describing planetary and stellar dynamos despite their ubiquity and the plethora of observational data from the Earth and the Sun motivates the demonstration of a laboratory homogenous dynamo. To create a homogenous dynamo, one #12;first needs a su#14;fficiently large, fast flow of a highly conducting fluid that the velocity shear in the fluid can bend magnetic #12;field lines. With a high Rm-flow, the magnetic fi#12;eld can be ampli#12;ed by the stretching action provided by di#11;fferential rotation. The other critical ingredient is a flow geometry that provides feedback so that the ampli#12;ed #12;eld reinforces the initial in#12;nitesimal seed #12;field - a mechanism that recreates the feedback provided by the coil of wire in the homopolar dynamo. In the Madison Dynamo Experiment, this combination of magnetic ampli#12;cation and feedback is feasible in the simple geometry of two counter-rotating helical vortices in a 1 meter-diameter spherical vessel #12;lled with liquid sodium. For an optimal helical pitch of the flow the threshold for exciting a dynamo is predicted from laminar flow modeling to be at peak flow speeds of 5 m/s. Liquid metals tend to have viscosities similar to that of water yielding inviscid flows. Whereas the timescale for the dynamo instability is on the resistive dissipation time, the timescale for hydrodynamic instability of the shear layer is quite short meaning that the shear layer required to generate the magnetic #12;eld is broken up by Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities. The eddies generated by large-scale flow drive instabilities at progressively smaller scale giving rise to a cascade of turbulent eddies driven at the largest scale of the experiment. The major contribution of the Madison Dynamo Experiment has been quantifying the role this turbulence plays in the generation of magnetic #12;elds. Overall, the Madison Dynamo Experiment has now operated for about 1 decade and carried out experiments related to magnetic fi#12;eld generation by turbulent flows of liquid metal. The principle thrust of research and indeed the main scienti#12;fic outcomes are related to how turbulent flows create and transport magnetic fi#12;elds.

  2. Public Understand. Sci. 1251-259. Printed in the UK Chernobyl: the inevitable resultsof secrecy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shlyakhter, Ilya

    Public Understand. Sci. 1251-259. Printed in the UK Chernobyl: the inevitable resultsof secrecy Alexander Shlyakhter and Richard Wilson The Chernobyl accident was the inevitable outcome of a combination. Lenin atomic power station near Chernobyl in the USSR has had an extraordinary eIT.xt both on technology

  3. TESLA Technical Design Report A Detector for TESLA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .Bertolucci, R.D.Heuer, R.Settles #12;#12;IV-i Authors G. Alexander51 , F. Badaud2 , M. Battaglia7,15 , T. Behnke. Wicke7 , G. Wilson25 , M. Winter50 , A. Zalewska17 , K. Zapfe9 Convenors M. Battaglia, T. Behnke, S

  4. Effect of Mn doping on structural and magnetic susceptibility of C-type rare earth nano oxides Er{sub 2?x}Mn{sub x}O{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heiba, Zein K. [Ain Shams University, Faculty of Science, Physics Department, Cairo (Egypt) [Ain Shams University, Faculty of Science, Physics Department, Cairo (Egypt); Taif University, Faculty of Science, Physics Department (Saudi Arabia); Mohamed, Mohamed Bakr, E-mail: mbm1977@yahoo.com [Ain Shams University, Faculty of Science, Physics Department, Cairo (Egypt); Fuess, H. [Materials Science, Darmstadt University of Technology, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany)] [Materials Science, Darmstadt University of Technology, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany)

    2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: ? Er{sub 2?x}Mn{sub x}·O{sub 3} (0.0 ? x ? 0.20) prepared by sol–gel method. ? The change in lattice parameter is not linear with x due to the change in crystallite size with doping. ? Anomalous concentration dependence is found in magnetic susceptibility. ? The effective magnetic moment ?{sub eff} is found to decrease with composition parameter x. ? Superexchange interactions between Er ions depending on the amount of Mn or Er in different sites. -- Abstract: The manganese doped rare earth oxides Er{sub 2?x}Mn{sub x} O{sub 3} (0.0 ? x ? 0.20) were synthesized by a sol–gel process and analyzed by X-ray diffraction using Rietveld refinement methods. A single phase solid solution is formed up to x = 0.15 while for x ? 0.2 a manganese oxide phase appears in the diffraction pattern. Preferential cationic distribution between the non-equivalent sites 8b and 24d of space group Ia3{sup ¯} is found for all samples but to a different extent. The octahedral volume and average bond length of Er{sub 1}-O for 8b site decrease while both octahedral volume and bond length of Er{sub 2}-O for 24d site increase. Magnetization measurements were done in the temperature range 5–300 K. The effective magnetic moment ?{sub eff} is found to decrease with composition parameter x, except for sample x = 0.05 where the magnetization is enhanced. The Curie-Weiss paramagnetic temperatures indicate antiferromagnetic interaction.

  5. An Artificial Animated Boxer Alexander Kolliopoulos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    that need to be addressed for this project: animation and control. It is difficult to model good human of artificial life is to model independently acting human characters that appear to behave realistically to a viewer. By modeling artificial human characters engaged in one activity, such as boxing, we may gain

  6. Matching, Edge-Colouring, Dimers Alexander Schrijver

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Alexander

    into PZrMDEA blends. We2 December 2002 Vol. 48, No. 12 AIChE Journal2788 #12;specifically target exp

  7. Jason S. Alexander, Hydrologist October 7, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    necessary Approach and Methods Two Scales: 1. Basin scale · ~330 mile reach from Box Butte Reservoir ice jams ­ flood frequency unknown Terraces ­ abandoned floodplains except during very rare high

  8. Alexander A. Balandin Nano-Device Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bell Tower City of Riverside UCR Botanic Gardens Joshua Tree Park, California UCR Engineering Building Devices and Circuits Optoelectronics Direct Energy Conversion Bio- Nanotech Thermal and Electrical kinetic energy of the hot photo-generated carriers and energy loss of photons which are less than

  9. SWP PrdikatausdrckeSWP Prdikatausdrcke Alexander Felfernig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , dann ist p(t1,..,tn)PL() (Atomformel). Sind p,qPL(), dann auch pq, pq, pq, ¬pPL(). Ist pPL() und v alle ENV Institute for Software Technology 10 #12;Definitionen Ist pPL(), so hei�t p gültig in , wenn für alle ENV gilt I(,p)=T.g ( ,p) Ist pPL(), so hei�t p erfüllbar in , wenn es ein ENV gibt mit I( p

  10. Distribution List Steven R. Alexander, Ecologist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    Tom Gaughan Savannah River Site 730-4b, 302 Aiken, SC 29808 Susan Gawarecki Local Oversight Committee National Laboratory 9700 South Cass Avenue Argonne, Il 60439 Raymond Hardwick, Jr. Deputy Assistant Atmospheric Turbulence and Diffusion Laboratory 456 South Illinois Avenue Oak Ridge, TN 37830 Lynne Liddington

  11. Magnet coils for RHIC EBIS Alexander Pikin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    supplies for all 3 coils is ±0.1% (pulse-to-pulse and long term, not to the flatness of the current pulse for electric current and in parallel for cooling water. The geometrical parameters of this coil are summarized.26 mm ID of cooling channel 2.87 mm Cross sectional area of the conductor 21.2 mm2 Length of the coil

  12. Prof Dr. Alexander Hartmann Institute for Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldenburg, Carl von Ossietzky Universität

    and solar power, where the energy supply depends on external conditions. The project is within the Smart. The salary will be according the German official system (50% E 13 TV-L) initially about 1000 Euro net (taxes of simulating energy grids ("smart grids"). The target is to understand and optimize the behavior of (model

  13. WRITTEN TESTIMONY OF DR. ALEXANDER E. MACDONALD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AND TECHNOLOGY U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES June 16, 2010 INTRODUCTION Good morning Chairman Baird, Ranking by further developing NOAA's weather, climate, and ecological observations and predictions. While renewable with relevant ecological data to facilitate siting decisions and construction and operational requirements

  14. Klimov receives Alexander von Humboldt award

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    achievements in the future. The 60,000 Euro award finances extended research visits to Germany. Klimov is an expert in nanocrystal quantum dots and optical amplification in...

  15. Klimov receives Alexander von Humboldt award

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformationPostdocs & Graduates >PearsonKlaus Schulten

  16. Introducing Singapore Math Program by Alexander Givental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Givental, Alexander

    . In PM, this is efficiently used to minimize the need for bare drill: each new skill is mastered. The excellence of PM is a result of thoughtful editing plus decades of teaching practice which allowed the authors to understand many fine points in elementary mathematics and the ways they are best taught to kids

  17. Alexander A. Balandin Nano-Device Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coefficients: Raman Spectrometer as "Thermometer" -150 -75 0 75 1576 1578 1580 1582 1584 1530 1575 1620 2500 Extraction of the Thermal Conductivity Data: Raman Spectrometer as a Thermometer Excitation laser acts as a heater: PG Raman spectrometer acts as a thermometer: TG=/G Thermal conductivity: K=(L

  18. Wideband saturable absorption in few-layer molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) for Q-switching Yb-, Er- and Tm-doped fiber lasers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodward, R I; Runcorn, T H; Hu, G; Torrisi, F; Kelleher, E J R; Hasan, T

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We fabricate a free-standing molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) saturable absorber by embedding liquid-phase exfoliated few-layer MoSe2 flakes into a polymer film. The MoSe2-polymer composite is used to Q-switch fiber lasers based on ytterbium (Yb), erbium (Er) and thulium (Tm) gain fiber, producing trains of microsecond-duration pulses with kilohertz repetition rates at 1060 nm, 1566 nm and 1924 nm, respectively. Such operating wavelengths correspond to sub-bandgap saturable absorption in MoSe2, which is explained in the context of edge-states, building upon studies of other semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD)-based saturable absorbers. Our work adds few-layer MoSe2 to the growing catalog of TMDs with remarkable optical properties, which offer new opportunities for photonic devices.

  19. Analysis of In situ Observations of Cloud Microphysics from M-PACE Final Report, DOE Grant Agreement No. DE-FG02-06ER64168

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael R. Poellot

    2009-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the findings and accomplishments of work performed under DOE Grant Agreement No. DE-FG02-06ER64168. The focus of the work was the analysis of in situ observations collected by the University of North Dakota Citation research aircraft during the Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment (M-PACE). This project was conducted in 2004 along the North Slope of Alaska. The objectives of the research were: to characterize certain microphysical properties of clouds sampled during M-PACE, including spatial variability, precipitation formation, ice multiplication; to examine instrument performance and certain data processing algorithms; and to collaborate with other M-PACE investigators on case study analyses. A summary of the findings of the first two objectives is given here in parts 1 and 2; full results are contained in reports listed in part 3 of this report. The collaborative efforts are described in the publications listed in part 3.

  20. Synthesis and characterization of ultrafine Ln{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} (Ln = Sm, Gd, Dy, Er) pyrochlore oxides by stearic acid method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang Weiguang, E-mail: zhangweiguang68@yahoo.com.cn [Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Chemistry of Low-Dimensional Materials, Huaiyin Normal University, Jiangsu Province, 223300 (China); Zhang Lili; Zhong Hui [Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Chemistry of Low-Dimensional Materials, Huaiyin Normal University, Jiangsu Province, 223300 (China); Lu Lude; Yang Xujie [Materials Chemistry Laboratory, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094 (China); Wang Xin, E-mail: wangx@mail.njust.edu.cn [Materials Chemistry Laboratory, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094 (China)

    2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Stearic acid method (SAM) was developed to synthesize series of pyrochlore Ln{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} (Ln = Sm, Gd, Dy, Er) nanocrystals. The synthesis process was monitored by X-ray diffraction, Thermal-gravimetric-differential thermal analysis and Fourier Transform InfraRed methods. Comparing with traditional solid-state reaction (SSR), Ln{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} can be synthesized at relatively low temperature (700-800 deg. C) with shortened reaction time (2-4 h). The average particle size of Ln{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} was greatly reduced (ca. 40 nm) and the BET surface area was increased (ca. 12 m{sup 2}/g) by using SAM. From the X-ray diffraction patterns, we found that Ln has an effect on the crystal structure of Ln{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7}, every lattice peak shifted to larger angle slightly with the increasing atomic number of Ln. Also, the lattice constant of Ln{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} was calculated by Jade.5 and found it decreased along with the decrease of ionic radius of Ln{sup 3+}. The morphology of obtained Ln{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} was determined by transmission electron microscopy technique. Results showed that the obtained Ln{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} were all square-like and the interplanar distance of Ln{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} (Ln = Sm, Gd, Dy, Er) according to (111) plane was 0.65, 0.64, 0.63, and 0.62 nm respectively, which was measured from High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy images. Possible reason for this phenomenon was presented.

  1. Experimental cross sections of 165Ho(?,n)168Tm and 166Er(?,n)169Yb for optical potential studies relevant for the astrophysical ?-process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan Glorius; Kerstin Sonnabend; Joachim Goerres; Daniel Robertson; Michael Knoerzer; Antonios Kontos; Thomas Rauscher; René Reifarth; Anne Sauerwein; Edward Stech; Wanpeng Tan; Tanija Thomas; Michael Wiescher

    2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Background: Optical potentials are crucial ingredients for the prediction of nuclear reaction rates needed in simulations of the astrophysical \\gamma-process. Associated uncertainties are particularly large for reactions involving \\alpha-particles. This includes (\\gamma,\\alpha) reactions which are of special importance in the \\gamma-process. Purpose: The measurement of (\\alpha,n) reactions allows for an optimization of currently used \\alpha-nucleus potentials. The reactions 165Ho(\\alpha,n) and 166Er(\\alpha,n) probe the optical model in a mass region where \\gamma-process calculations exhibit an underproduction of p nuclei which is not yet understood. Method: To investigate the energy-dependent cross sections of the reactions 165Ho(\\alpha,n) and 166Er(\\alpha,n) close to the reaction threshold, self-supporting metallic foils were irradiated with \\alpha-particles using the FN tandem Van de Graaff accelerator at University of Notre Dame. The induced activity was determined afterwards by monitoring the specific \\beta-decay channels. Results: Hauser-Feshbach predictions with a widely used global \\alpha-potential describe the data well at energies where the cross sections are almost exclusively sensitive to the \\alpha-widths. Increasing discrepancies appear towards the reaction threshold at lower energy. Conclusions: The tested global \\alpha-potential is suitable at energies above 14 MeV, while a modification seems necessary close to the reaction threshold. Since the \\gamma- and neutron width show non-negligible impact on the predictions, complementary data are required to judge whether or not the discrepancies found can to be solely assigned to the \\alpha-width.

  2. Enhanced 2.7 ?m emission from Er{sup 3+} doped oxyfluoride tellurite glasses for a diode-pump mid-infrared laser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, F. F.; Yuan, J.; Chen, D. D.; Qian, Q.; Zhang, Q. Y., E-mail: qyzhang@scut.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Luminescence Materials and Devices, and Institute of Optical Communication Materials, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641 (China); Zhang, W. J. [Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Preparation and Measurement of Building Materials, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022 (China)] [Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Preparation and Measurement of Building Materials, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022 (China)

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The influence of fluoride and shielding gas (O{sub 2} or Ar) on the physical and spectroscopic properties of Er{sup 3+} doped TeO{sub 2}-ZnO-ZnF{sub 2} glass system is investigated. The larger electronegativity of F than O accounts for the gradual decrease of refractive index, density, and J-O parameters with increasing ZnF{sub 2}. An analysis on Fourier transform infrared transmission spectra reveals that the absorption coefficient of OH{sup ?} around 3 ?m as low as 0.247 cm{sup ?1} can be achieved when 30 mol% ZnF{sub 2} containing sample is treated with Ar gas during glass melting process. The reduction of OH{sup ?} groups combined with the low multiphonon relaxation rate (207 s{sup ?1}) contributes to the enhanced emissions at 1.5 and 2.7 ?m, along with prolonged lifetimes of {sup 4}I{sub 11/2} and {sup 4}I{sub 13/2} levels. A high branching ratio (17.95%) corresponding to the Er{sup 3+}: {sup 4}I{sub 11/2} ? {sup 4}I{sub 13/2} transition, the large absorption and emission cross section (0.44 × 10{sup ?20} cm{sup 2} and 0.45 × 10{sup ?20} cm{sup 2}), and good gain cross section demonstrate that oxyfluoride tellurite glass could be a promising material for a diode-pump 2.7 ?m fiber laser.

  3. Apport de l'imagerie radar SAR-ERS l'analyse de la gomtrie de la dformation rcente dans les monts Bni Snassen (Maroc) PANGEA No. 45/46 Hassan Tabyaoui et al. June / December 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    monts Béni Snassen (Maroc) PANGEA No. 45/46 Hassan Tabyaoui et al. June / December 2009 18 Apport de l (Maroc nord-oriental) Contribution of the imagery radar SAR-ERS to the analysis of the geometry Modélisation, Equipe Risques Naturels, Aménagement des Territoires et Environnement, BP 1223, Taza-Gare, Maroc

  4. Magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect in the RCu{sub 2}Si{sub 2} and RCu{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} (R?=?Ho, Er) compounds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mo, Zhao-Jun [School of Material Science and Engineering, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin (China); Key laboratory of cryogenics, Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China); Shen, Jun, E-mail: jshen@mail.ipc.ac.cn, E-mail: tangcc@hebut.edu.cn; Wu, Jian-Feng [Key laboratory of cryogenics, Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China); Yan, Li-Qin; Wang, Li-Chen; Sun, Ji-rong; Shen, Bao-Gen [State Key Laboratory of Magnetism, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter, Physics and Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China); Gao, Xin-Qiang; Tang, Cheng-Chun, E-mail: jshen@mail.ipc.ac.cn, E-mail: tangcc@hebut.edu.cn [School of Material Science and Engineering, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin (China)

    2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect (MCE) in RCu{sub 2}Si{sub 2} and RCu{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} (R?=?Ho, Er) compounds have been investigated. All these compounds possess an antiferromagnetic (AFM)-paramagnetic (PM) transition around their respective Neel temperatures. The RCu{sub 2}Si{sub 2} compounds undergo spin-glassy behavior above Neel temperature. Furthermore, a field-induced metamagnetic transition from AFM to ferromagnetic (FM) states is observed in these compounds. The calculated magnetic entropy changes show that all RCu{sub 2}Si{sub 2} and RCu{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} (R?=?Ho, Er) compounds, especially, ErCu{sub 2}Si{sub 2} exhibits large MCEs with no thermal hysteresis and magnetic hysteresis loss. The value of ??S{sub M}{sup max} reaches 22.8?J/Kg K for magnetic field changes from 0 to 5?T. In particular, for field changes of 1 and 2?T, the giant reversible magnetic entropy changes ??S{sub M}{sup max} are 8.3 and 15.8?J/kg K at 2.5?K, which is lower than the boiling point of helium. The low-field giant magnetic entropy change, together with ignorable thermal hysteresis and field hysteresis loss of ErCu{sub 2}Si{sub 2} compound is expected to have effective applications in low temperature magnetic refrigeration.

  5. Wilson-Loop Symmetry Breaking Reexamined

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atsushi Nakamula; Kiyoshi Shiraishi

    2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The splitting in energy of gauge field vacua on the non-simply connected space $S^3/Z_2$ is reconsidered. We show the calculation to the one-loop level for a Yang-Mills vector with a ghost field. We confirm our previous result and give a solution to the question posed by Freire, Rom\\~ao and Barroso.

  6. Generalised Wishart Processes Andrew Gordon Wilson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaski, Samuel

    its main competitor, mul- tivariate GARCH, even on financial data that especially suits GARCH. 1 variance and zero mean, and GARCH (Bollerslev, 1986), a generalisation of En- gle's ARCH (Engle, 1982 tractability issues and a lack of generality. For example, multivariate GARCH (MGARCH) has a number of free

  7. by D. D. Chambliss R. J. Wilson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiang, Shirley

    in printed form for private use is pcmiitted without payment of royalty provided that (1) each reproduction on thefirstpage. The title and abstract, but no other portions, of this paper may be copied or distributed royalty

  8. Optimal Control c David I. Wilson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    petroleum refinery, steel smelter, etc.) are very interested in optimal control & operation because it saves

  9. Michael Wilson 5400 words 16 Colchester Avenue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, J. Michael

    -framed spec- tacles, and the lenses drooped onto his broad cheekbones. At his side he carried a small, 1 #12 settled the black case into a hollow next to Alan's French horn. He did this so gently, it might have been to fall at the end, as if what he'd said were a wonder. My son Alan is seventeen. He's played the French

  10. MEMENTO MORI LAWRENCE WILSON ART GALLERY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobar, Michael

    of Western Australia's Art Collection, the Cruthers Collection of Women's Art and commissioned works cm. The University of Western Australia Art Collection, University Senate Grant, 2008. © the artist OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA, Australia 6009 P +61 (0)8 6488 3707 W www

  11. Dwayne Wilson SRNS President and CEO

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phasesDataTranslocationDiurnalCommitteeDurable FuelNuclear SecurityDwayne

  12. Scott Wilson Oceans | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende New EnergyAnatoliaScira Offshore Energy Jump to:Wind

  13. Wilson Property Fact Sheet.indd

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched FerromagnetismWaste and MaterialsWenjun DengWISP SignInWhoWilliston toWilma Brooksa

  14. Wilson Engineering Services, PC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 South Place:ReferenceEdit JumpWill County, Illinois: FacilityWilmont HillsPC

  15. Wilson Sonsini Goodrich Rosati | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 South Place:ReferenceEdit JumpWill County, Illinois: FacilityWilmontSonsini

  16. Wilson and Dalton | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 South Place:ReferenceEdit JumpWill County, Illinois:

  17. Wilson TurboPower | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop,SaveWhiskey Flats Geothermal Area JumpTurboPower Jump to:

  18. Wilson, Wyoming: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop,SaveWhiskey Flats Geothermal Area JumpTurboPower Jump

  19. Structural and thermoelectric properties of BaRCo{sub 4}O{sub 7} (R = Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Lu)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wong-Ng, W.; Yan, Y.; Liu, G. [Ceramics Division, NIST, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Xie, W.; Tritt, T. [Department of Physics, Clemson University, Greensville, South Carolina 29634 (United States); Kaduk, J. [Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois 60616 (United States); Thomas, E. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright Pattersen, Ohio 45433 (United States)

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The structure and thermoelectric properties of a series of barium lanthanide cobaltites, BaRCo{sub 4}O{sub 7} (R = Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Lu), which were prepared using the spark plasma synthesis technique, have been investigated. The space group of these compounds was re-determined and confirmed to be P31c instead of the reported P6{sub 3}mc. The lattice parameters a and c range from 6.26279(2) Angst to 6.31181(6) Angst , and from 10.22468(6) Angst to 10.24446(15) Angst for R = Lu to Dy, respectively. The crystal structure of BaRCo{sub 4}O{sub 7} is built up from Kagome sheets of CoO{sub 4} tetrahedra, linked by triangular layers of CoO{sub 4} tetrahedra. The values of figure of merit (ZT) of the BaRCo{sub 4}O{sub 7} samples were determined to be around 0.02 at 800 K. X-ray diffraction patterns of these samples have been determined and submitted to the Powder Diffraction File.

  20. Magnetic and dielectric behavior of the spin-chain compound Er{sub 2}BaNiO{sub 5} well below its Néel temperature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Basu, Tathamay; Singh, Kiran; Sampathkumaran, E. V. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Colaba, Mumbai 400005 (India); Mohapatra, N. [School of Basic Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneshwar, Bhubaneshwar 751013 (India)

    2014-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We have recently reported that the Haldane spin-chain system, Er{sub 2}BaNiO{sub 5}, undergoing antiferromagnetic order below (T{sub N}=) 32?K, is characterized by the onset of ferroelectricity near 60?K due to magnetoelectric coupling induced by short-range magnetic-order within spin-chains. We have carried out additional magnetic and dielectric studies to understand the properties well below T{sub N}. We emphasize here on the following: (i) A strong frequency dependent behaviors of ac magnetic susceptibility and complex dielectric properties have been observed at much lower temperatures (<8?K), that is, “reentrant multiglass-like” phenomenon, naturally suggesting the existence of an additional transition well below T{sub N}. (ii) “Magnetoelectric phase coexistence” is observed at very low temperature (e.g., T?=?2?K), where the high-field magnetoelectric phase is partially arrested on returning to zero magnetic field after a cycling through metamagnetic transition.

  1. Origin of periodic domain structure in Er{sup 3+}-doped beta'-(Sm,Gd){sub 2}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 3} crystal lines patterned by laser irradiations in glasses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suzuki, Futoshi; Honma, Tsuyoshi [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan); Komatsu, Takayuki, E-mail: komatsu@mst.nagaokaut.ac.j [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan)

    2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Er{sup 3+}-doped beta'-(Sm,Gd){sub 2}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 3} crystal lines are patterned on the surface of Er{sub 2}O{sub 3}-Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}-Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3}-MoO{sub 3}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} glasses by continuous-wave Yb:YVO{sub 4} laser irradiations (wavelength: 1080 nm, power: 1.3 W, scanning speeds: 5 {mu}m/s), and the origin of the periodicity of self-organized domain structures with high and low refractive index regions in crystal lines is examined from polarized optical microscope (POM) observations, micro-Raman scattering spectrum, and photoluminescence spectrum measurements. It is found that the periodicity of domain structures changes largely depending on Er{sub 2}O{sub 3} content, i.e., the length of high (bright color in POM observations) and low (dark color) refractive index regions increases with increasing Er{sub 2}O{sub 3} content and homogeneous crystal lines with no periodic domain structures are patterned in Er{sub 2}O{sub 3}-Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3}-MoO{sub 3}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} glass with no Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}. Considering that the degree of ferroelasticities in beta'-(Sm,Gd){sub 2}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 3} crystals decreases due to the incorporation of Er{sup 3+} ions, it is demonstrated that the origin of periodic domain structures in laser-patterned lines is due to spontaneous strains in ferroelastic beta'-(Sm,Gd){sub 2}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 3} crystals. - Graphical abstract: This figure shows the polarized optical photographs (top view) for the lines patterned by laser irradiations with the power of P=1.3 W and the scanning speed of S=5 {mu}m/s in xEr{sub 2}O{sub 3}-(18.25-x)Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}-3Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3}-63.75MoO{sub 3}-15B{sub 2}O{sub 3} (mol%) glasses. This figure indicates that the periodicity of domain structures in beta'-(Sm,Gd){sub 2}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 3} crystal lines, i.e., the lengths of bright (high refractive index) and dark (low refractive index) color regions, changes depending on the amount of Er{sub 2}O{sub 3} addition. It is demonstrated that the origin of the periodicity of domain structures is due to spontaneous strains in ferroelastic beta'-(Sm,Gd){sub 2}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 3} crystals.

  2. Fine tunable red-green upconversion luminescence from glass ceramic containing 5%Er{sup 3+}:NaYF{sub 4} nanocrystals under excitation of two near infrared femtosecond lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shang, Xiaoying; Cheng, Wenjing; Zhou, Kan; Ma, Jing; Feng, Donghai; Zhang, Shian; Sun, Zhenrong; Jia, Tianqing, E-mail: tqjia@phy.ecnu.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062 (China); Chen, Ping; Qiu, Jianrong [State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)

    2014-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we report fine tunable red-green upconversion luminescence of glass ceramic containing 5%Er{sup 3+}: NaYF{sub 4} nanocrystals excited simultaneously by two near infrared femtosecond lasers. When the glass ceramic was irradiated by 800?nm femtosecond laser, weak red emission centered at 670?nm was detected. Bright red light was observed when the fs laser wavelength was tuned to 1490?nm. However, when excited by the two fs lasers simultaneously, the sample emitted bright green light centered at 550?nm, while the red light kept the same intensity. The dependences of the red and the green light intensities on the two pump lasers are much different, which enables us to manipulate the color emission by adjusting the two pump laser intensities, respectively. We present a theoretical model of Er{sup 3+} ions interacting with two fs laser fields, and explain well the experimental results.

  3. Upconversion and pump saturation mechanisms in Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} co-doped Y{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} nanocrystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Fengxiao; Song, Feng, E-mail: fsong@nankai.edu.cn; Zhang, Gong; Han, Yingdong; Li, Qiong; Tian, Jianguo [School of Physics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071 (China); The Key Laboratory of Weak Light Nonlinear Photonics, Ministry of Education, Nankai University, Tianjin 300457 (China); Ming, Chengguo [The Key Laboratory of Weak Light Nonlinear Photonics, Ministry of Education, Nankai University, Tianjin 300457 (China); Physics Department, School of Sciences, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300457 (China)

    2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} co-doped Y{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} nanocrystals were synthesized by the sol–gel method. X-ray diffraction, transmission electronic microscopy, and photoluminescence spectra were measured to verify the Y{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} nanocrystalline produced in the sample annealed at 800?°C. The anomalous slopes of the fitted line in the log-log plots for upconversion emissions and the pump-saturation effect of near-infrared emission were observed in the nanocrystalline samples. A theoretical model of practical Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} co-doped system based on the rate equations were put forward and explained the experimental phenomena well.

  4. Analysis of Hydraulic Responses from the ER-6-1 Multiple-Well Aquifer Test, Yucca Flat FY 2004 Testing Program, Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada, Rev. No.: 0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greg Ruskauff

    2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the interpretation and analysis of the hydraulic data collected for the Fiscal Year (FY) 2004 Multiple-Well Aquifer Test-Tracer Test (MWAT-TT) conducted at the ER-6-1 Well Cluster in Yucca Flat Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 97, on the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The MWAT-TT was performed to investigate CAU-scale groundwater flow and transport processes related to the transport of radionuclides from sources on the NTS through the Lower Carbonate Aquifer (LCA) Hydrostratigraphic Unit (HSU). The ER-6-1 MWAT-TT was planned and executed by contractor participants for the Underground Test Area (UGTA) Project of the Environmental Restoration (ER) program of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO). Participants included Stoller-Navarro Joint Venture (SNJV), the Environmental Engineering Services Contractor; Bechtel Nevada (BN); the Desert Research Institute (DRI); Los Alamos National Laboratory; and the University of Nevada, Las Vegas-Harry Reid Center. The SNJV team consists of the S.M. Stoller Corporation, Navarro Research and Engineering, Battelle Memorial Institute, INTERA Inc., and Weston Solutions, Inc. The MWAT-TT was implemented according to the ''Underground Test Area Project, ER-6-1 Multi-Well Aquifer Test - Tracer Test Plan'' (SNJV, 2004a) issued in April 2004. The objective of the aquifer test was to determine flow processes and local hydraulic properties for the LCA through long-term constant-rate pumping at the well cluster. This objective was to be achieved in conjunction with detailed sampling of the composite tracer breakthrough at the pumping well, as well as with depth-specific sampling and logging at multiple wells, to provide information for the depth-discrete analysis of formation hydraulic properties, particularly with regard to fracture properties.

  5. 891070-9932/142014IEEE sEptEmbEr 2014 IEEE rObOtICs & AUtOmAtION mAGAZINE By Yaroslav Tenzer, Leif P. Jentoft, and Robert D. Howe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    891070-9932/14©2014IEEE sEptEmbEr 2014 · IEEE rObOtICs & AUtOmAtION mAGAZINE · The Feel of MEMS available for a wide range of robotics and human-interface applications. Background Tactile sensing, such as the location of object contacts on the robot hand and contact pressure distribution, are believed

  6. Ag{sub 2}O dependent up-conversion luminescence properties in Tm{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} co-doped oxyfluorogermanate glasses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Yuebo [Faculty of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650500 (China); Qiu, Jianbei, E-mail: qiu@kmust.edu.cn; Song, Zhiguo; Zhou, Dacheng [Key Laboratory of Advanced Materials in Rare and Precious and Non-ferrous Metals, Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Advanced Materials of Yunnan Province, Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093 (China)

    2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Up-conversion (UC) luminescence properties of Ag/Tm{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} co-doped oxyfluorogermanate glasses have been studied to assess the effective role of silver nanoparticles as a sensitizer for Tm{sup 3+} and Er{sup 3+} ions. The X-ray diffraction patterns obtained in this work do not reveal any crystalline phase in the glass. However, the absorption spectra reveal that surface plasmons resonance band of Ag undergoes a distinct split with two maxima and a very broad absorption peak with a background that extends toward the near infrared (NIR) with the increasing of Ag{sub 2}O added concentration. Transmission electron microscope images confirm that silver nanoparticles have been precipitated from matrix glasses and show their distribution, size, and shapes. In addition, changes in UC luminescence intensity of four emission bands 476, 524, 546, and 658?nm corresponding to {sup 1}G{sub 4} ? {sup 3}H{sub 6} (Tm{sup 3+}), ({sup 2}H{sub 11/2}, {sup 4}S{sub 3/2}) ? {sup 4}I{sub 15/2} (Er{sup 3+}), and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} ? {sup 4}I{sub 15/2} (Er{sup 3+}) transitions, respectively, as a function of silver addition to the base composition have been measured under 980?nm excitation. It is confirmed that Ag{sub 2}O added concentration plays an important role in increasing the UC luminescence intensity; however, further increase in Ag{sub 2}O added concentration reduces the intensity.

  7. Bifunction in Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} co-doped BaTi{sub 2}O{sub 5}–Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} glasses prepared by aerodynamic levitation method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Minghui [State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China); Yu, Jianding; Pan, Xiuhong [State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China); Cheng, Yuxing [State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China); Liu, Yan, E-mail: liuyan@mail.sic.ac.cn [State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China)

    2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Novel BaTi{sub 2}O{sub 5}–Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} based glasses have been prepared by aerodynamic levitation. • The obtained glasses show high thermal stability with T{sub g} = 763.3 °C. • Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} co-doped glasses show strong upconversion based on a two-photon process. • Red emission is stronger than green emissions for EBT by high Yb{sup 3+} concentration. • Magnetic ions are paramagnetic and the distribution is homogeneous in the glasses. - Abstract: Novel Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} co-doped BaTi{sub 2}O{sub 5}–Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} spherical glasses have been fabricated by aerodynamic levitation method. The thermal stability, upconversion luminescence, and magnetic properties of the present glass have been studied. The glasses show high thermal stability with 763.3 °C of the onset temperature of the glass transition. Red and green emissions centered at 671 nm, 548 nm and 535 nm are obtained at 980 nm excitation. The upconversion is based on a two-photon process by energy transfer, excited-state absorption, and energy back transfer. Yb{sup 3+} ions are more than Er{sup 3+} ions in the glass, resulting in efficient energy back transfer from Er{sup 3+} to Yb{sup 3+}. So the red emission is stronger than the green emissions. Magnetization curves indicate that magnetic rare earth ions are paramagnetic and the distribution is homogeneous and random in the glass matrix. Aerodynamic levitation method is an efficient way to prepare glasses with homogeneous rare earth ions.

  8. Influence of core size on the upconversion luminescence properties of spherical Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Yb{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+}@SiO{sub 2} particles with core-shell structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zheng, Kezhi; Liu, Zhenyu; Liu, Ye; Song, Weiye; Qin, Weiping, E-mail: wpqin@jlu.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory on Integrated Optoelectronics, College of Electronic Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China)

    2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Spherical SiO{sub 2} particles with different sizes (30, 80, 120, and 180?nm) have been coated with Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Yb{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+} layers by a heterogeneous precipitation method, leading to the formation of core-shell structural Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Yb{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+}@SiO{sub 2} particles. The samples were characterized by using X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, upconversion (UC) emission spectra, and fluorescent dynamical analysis. The obtained core-shell particles have perfect spherical shape with narrow size distribution. Under the excitation of 980?nm diode laser, the core-shell samples showed size-dependent upconversion luminescence (UCL) properties. The inner SiO{sub 2} cores in core-shell samples were proved to have limited effect on the total UCL intensities of Er{sup 3+} ions. The UCL intensities of core-shell particles were demonstrated much higher than the values obtained in pure Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Yb{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+} with the same phosphor volume. The dependence of the specific area of a UCL shell on the size of its inner SiO{sub 2} particle was calculated and analyzed for the first time. It was confirmed that the surface effect came from the outer surfaces of emitting shells is dominant in influencing the UCL property in the core-shell samples. Three-photon UC processes for the green emissions were observed in the samples with small sizes of SiO{sub 2} cores. The results of dynamical analysis illustrated that more nonradiative relaxation occurred in the core-shell samples with smaller SiO{sub 2} core sizes.

  9. Final Report for DOE Grant DE-FG02-03ER25579; Development of High-Order Accurate Interface Tracking Algorithms and Improved Constitutive Models for Problems in Continuum Mechanics with Applications to Jetting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Puckett, Elbridge Gerry [U.C. Davis, Department of Mathematics; Miller, Gregory Hale [.C. Davis, Department of Chemical Engineering

    2012-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Much of the work conducted under the auspices of DE-FG02-03ER25579 was characterized by an exceptionally close collaboration with researchers at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). For example, Andy Nonaka, one of Professor Miller's graduate students in the Department of Applied Science at U. C. Davis (UCD) wrote his PhD thesis in an area of interest to researchers in the Applied Numerical Algorithms Group (ANAG), which is a part of the National Energy Research Supercomputer Center (NERSC) at LBNL. Dr. Nonaka collaborated closely with these researchers and subsequently published the results of this collaboration jointly with them, one article in a peer reviewed journal article and one paper in the proceedings of a conference. Dr. Nonaka is now a research scientist in the Center for Computational Sciences and Engineering (CCSE), which is also part of the National Energy Research Supercomputer Center (NERSC) at LBNL. This collaboration with researchers at LBNL also included having one of Professor Puckett's graduate students in the Graduate Group in Applied Mathematics (GGAM) at UCD, Sarah Williams, spend the summer working with Dr. Ann Almgren, who is a staff scientist in CCSE. As a result of this visit Sarah decided work on a problem suggested by the head of CCSE, Dr. John Bell, for her PhD thesis. Having finished all of the coursework and examinations required for a PhD, Sarah stayed at LBNL to work on her thesis under the guidance of Dr. Bell. Sarah finished her PhD thesis in June of 2007. Writing a PhD thesis while working at one of the University of California (UC) managed DOE laboratories is long established tradition at UC and Professor Puckett has always encouraged his students to consider doing this. Another one of Professor Puckett's graduate students in the GGAM at UCD, Christopher Algieri, was partially supported with funds from DE-FG02-03ER25579 while he wrote his MS thesis in which he analyzed and extended work originally published by Dr. Phillip Colella, the head of ANAG, and some of his colleagues. Chris Algieri is now employed as a staff member in Dr. Bill Collins' Climate Science Department in the Earth Sciences Division at LBNL working with computational models of climate change. Finally, it should be noted that the work conducted by Professor Puckett and his students Sarah Williams and Chris Algieri and described in this final report for DOE grant # DE-FC02-03ER25579 is closely related to work performed by Professor Puckett and his students under the auspices of Professor Puckett's DOE SciDAC grant DE-FC02-01ER25473 An Algorithmic and Software Framework for Applied Partial Differential Equations: A DOE SciDAC Integrated Software Infrastructure Center (ISIC). Dr. Colella was the lead PI for this SciDAC grant, which was comprised of several research groups from DOE national laboratories and five university PI's from five different universities. In theory Professor Puckett tried to use funds from the SciDAC grant to support work directly involved in implementing algorithms developed by members of his research group at UCD as software that might be of use to Puckett's SciDAC CoPIs. (For example, see the work reported in Section 2.2.2 of this final report.) However, since there is considerable lead time spent developing such algorithms before they are ready to become `software' and research plans and goals change as the research progresses, Professor Puckett supported each member of his research group partially with funds from the SciDAC APDEC ISIC DE-FC02-01ER25473 and partially with funds from this DOE MICS grant DE-FC02-03ER25579. This has necessarily resulted in a significant overlap of project areas that were funded by both grants. In particular, both Sarah Williams and Chris Algieri were supported partially with funds from grant # DE-FG02-03ER25579, for which this is the final report, and in part with funds from Professor Puckett's DOE SciDAC grant # DE-FC02-01ER25473. For example, Sarah Williams received support from DE-FC02- 01ER25473 and DE-FC02-03ER25579, both while at UCD taking cla

  10. miller-er-99.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 Industrial Carbon CaptureFY08 Joint JOULE J. NoremI Prepared by. .,Analysis of

  11. Final Technical Report "Catalytic Hydrogenation of Carbon Monoxide and Olefin Oxidation" Grant number : DE-FG02-86ER13615

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wayland, B.B.

    2009-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Title: Catalytic Hydrogenation of Carbon Monoxide and Olefin Oxidation Grant No. DE-FG02-86ER13615 PI: Wayland, B. B. (wayland@sas.upenn.edu) Abstract Development of new mechanistic strategies and catalyst materials for activation of CO, H2, CH4, C2H4, O2, and related substrates relevant to the conversion of carbon monoxide, alkanes, and alkenes to organic oxygenates are central objectives encompassed by this program. Design and synthesis of metal complexes that manifest reactivity patterns associated with potential pathways for the hydrogenation of carbon monoxide through metallo-formyl (M-CHO), dimetal ketone (M-C(O)-M), and dimetal dionyl (M-C(O)-C(O)-M) species is one major focus. Hydrocarbon oxidation using molecular oxygen is a central goal for methane activation and functionalization as well as regioselective oxidation of olefins. Discovery of new reactivity patterns and control of selectivity are pursued through designing new metal complexes and adjusting reaction conditions. Variation of reaction media promotes distinct reaction pathways that control both reaction rates and selectivities. Dimetalloradical diporphyrin complexes preorganize transition states for substrate reactions that involve two metal centers and manifest large rate increases over mono-metalloradical reactions of hydrogen, methane, and other small molecule substrates. Another broad goal and recurring theme of this program is to contribute to the thermodynamic database for a wide scope of organo-metal transformations in a range of reaction media. One of the most complete descriptions of equilibrium thermodynamics for organometallic reactions in water and methanol is emerging from the study of rhodium porphyrin substrate reactions in aqueous and alcoholic media. Water soluble group nine metalloporphyrins manifest remarkably versatile substrate reactivity in aqueous and alcoholic media which includes producing rhodium formyl (Rh-CHO) and hydroxy methyl (Rh-CH2OH) species. Exploratory directions for this program include expending new strategies for anti-Markovnikov addition of water, alcohols, and amines with olefins, developing catalytic reactions of CO to give formamides and formic esters, and evaluating the potential for coupling reactions of CO to produce organic building blocks.

  12. Kokes Awards for the 21st NAM Meeting (San Francisco, CA, 2009)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katz, Alex

    2009-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The PI in this project Alexander Katz, UC Berkeley (askatz@berkeley.edu), in conjunction with the Kokes Awards subcommittee and conference organizing committee, used DOE grant DE-FG-02-08ER15993 to partially offset costs of attending the 21st North American Catalysis Society in San Francisco, California, for 30 graduate students from the United States

  13. Lack of Association Between the Trp719Arg Polymorphism in Kinesin-Like Protein-6 and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kathiresan, MD,3­6 Muredach P. Reilly, MB,7,8 Gudmar Thorleifsson, PHD,2 Benjamin F. Voight, PHD,4,12 Rasika Mathias, ScD,12 Ingo Ruczinski, PHD,31 Bhoom Suktitipat, MD,32 Alexander F. Wilson, PHD,30,40 Yechiel Friedlander, PHD,41 Ron Do, MSc,42 James B. Meigs, MD, MPH,6,43 Gordon Williams, MD,6,44 David M

  14. Luminescence properties of light-emitting diodes based on GaAs with the up-conversion Y{sub 2}O{sub 2}S:Er,Yb luminophor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gruzintsev, A. N., E-mail: gran@ipmt-hpm.ac.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Problems of Microelectronics Technology (Russian Federation); Barthou, C.; Benalloul, P. [Institute des NanoSciences (France)

    2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Y{sub 2}O{sub 2}S luminophors doped with Er{sup 3+} and Yb{sup 3+} ions are produced by means of solid-phase synthesis and deposited onto standard AL123A infrared light-emitting diodes. When excited with 940 nm radiation from a light-emitting diode, the structures exhibit intense visible up-conversion luminescence. A maximal brightness of 2340 cd/m{sup 2} of green and red up-conversion luminescence at corresponding wavelengths around 550 and 600 nm is observed for the Y{sub 2}O{sub 2}S compound doped with 2 at % Er{sup 3+} ions and 6 at % Yb{sup 3+} ions. The ratio of the intensity of green (or red) up-conversion luminescence to the intensity of infrared Stokes luminescence increases with increasing applied voltage. The efficiency of visible emission of the light-emitting diode structures is {eta} = 1.2 lm/W at an applied voltage of 1.5 V.

  15. S I M O N F RASE R U N I V ERS I T Y E N V I R O N M E N T A L H E A L T H & S A F E T Y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S I M O N F RASE R U N I V ERS I T Y E N V I R O N M E N T A L H E A L T H & S A F E T Y Rodent the Plan. The plan was last updated on April 22, 2009. #12;S I M O N F RASE R U N I V ERS I T Y E N V I R O N M E N T A L H E A L T H & S A F E T Y EHS April 22, 2009 3/10 Table of Contents 1 INTRODUCTION

  16. Electronic energy-level structure, correlation crystal-field effects, and f-f transition intensities of Er{sup 3+} in Cs{sub 3}Lu{sub 2}Cl{sub 9}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luethi, S.R.; Guedel, H.U. [Departement fuer Chemie und Biochemie, Universitaet Bern, Freiestrasse 3, CH-3000 Bern 9 (Switzerland)] [Departement fuer Chemie und Biochemie, Universitaet Bern, Freiestrasse 3, CH-3000 Bern 9 (Switzerland); Hehlen, M.P. [Optical Sciences Laboratory, The University of Michigan, 1301 Beal Avenue, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122 (United States)] [Optical Sciences Laboratory, The University of Michigan, 1301 Beal Avenue, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122 (United States); Quagliano, J.R. [Chemical Science and Technology Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mail stop E543, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Chemical Science and Technology Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mail stop E543, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

    1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Single crystals of 1{percent} Er{sup 3+}-doped Cs{sub 3}Lu{sub 2}Cl{sub 9} were grown using the Bridgman technique. From highly resolved polarized absorption spectra measured at 10 and 16 K, and upconversion luminescence and excitation spectra measured at 4.2 K, 114 crystal-field levels from 27 {sup 2S+1}L{sub J}(4f{sup 11}) multiplets of Er{sup 3+} were assigned. 111 of these were used for a semiempirical computational analysis. A Hamiltonian including only electrostatic, spin-orbit, and one-particle crystal-field interactions (C{sub 3v}) yielded a root-mean-square standard deviation of 159.8thinspcm{sup {minus}1} and could not adequately reproduce the experimental crystal-field energies. The additional inclusion of two- and three-body atomic interactions, giving a Hamiltonian with 16 atomic and 6 crystal-field parameters, greatly reduced the rms standard deviation to 22.75thinspcm{sup {minus}1}. The further inclusion of the correlation crystal-field interaction {cflx g}{sub 10A}{sup 4} again lowered the rms standard deviation to a final value of 17.98thinspcm{sup {minus}1} and provided substantial improvement in the calculated crystal-field splittings of mainly the J=9/2 or J=11/2 multiplets. However, the calculated baricenter energies of some excited-state multiplets deviate from their respective experimental values, and improvements in the atomic part of the effective Hamiltonian are required to correct this deficiency of the model. On the basis of the calculated electronic wave functions, the 12 electric-dipole intensity parameters (C{sub 3v}) of the total transition dipole strength were obtained from a fit to 95 experimental crystal-field transition intensities. The overall agreement between experimental and calculated intensities is fair. The discrepancies are most likely a result of using the approximate C{sub 3v} rather than the actual C{sub 3} point symmetry of Er{sup 3+} in Cs{sub 3}Lu{sub 2}Cl{sub 9} in the calculations. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

  17. Spatially selected synthesis of LaF{sub 3} and Er{sup 3+}-doped CaF{sub 2} crystals in oxyfluoride glasses by laser-induced crystallization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kusatsugu, M.; Kanno, M.; Honma, T. [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan); Komatsu, T. [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan)], E-mail: komatsu@mst.nagaokaut.ac.jp

    2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Oxyfluoride glasses with a small amount of NiO are prepared using a conventional melt quenching technique, and the spatially selected crystallization of LaF{sub 3} and CaF{sub 2} crystals is induced on the glass surface by irradiations of continuous wave lasers with a wavelength of {lambda}=1064 or 1080 nm. Dots and lines including LaF{sub 3} crystals are patterned by heat-assisted (300 deg. C) laser irradiations ({lambda}=1064 nm) with a power of P=1 W and an irradiation time of 10 s for dots and a scanning speed of S=5 {mu}m/s for lines. Lines consisting of CaF{sub 2} crystals are also patterned in an ErF{sub 3}-doped oxyfluoride glass by laser irradiations ({lambda}=1080 nm) with a power of P=1.7 W and a scanning speed of S=2 {mu}m/s, and the incorporation of Er{sup 3+} ions into CaF{sub 2} crystals is confirmed from micro-photoluminescence spectrum measurements. It is proposed that the lines patterned by laser irradiations in this study are consisted of the composite of LaF{sub 3} or CaF{sub 2} nanocrystals and SiO{sub 2}-based oxide glassy phase. It is demonstrated that a combination of Ni{sup 2+}-dopings and laser irradiations is effective in spatially selected local crystallizations of fluorides in oxyfluoride glasses. - Graphical abstract: This figure shows the polarization optical and confocal scanning laser micrographs for lines obtained by laser irradiations with a laser power of P=1.7 W and a scanning speed of S=2 {mu}m/s in an oxyfluoride glass. It is proposed that the line consists of the composite of CaF{sub 2} nanocrystals and oxide glassy phase. This is the first demonstration on the patterning of fluoride crystals in glass by laser irradiations.

  18. Final report for Texas A&M University Group Contribution to DE-FG02-09ER25949/DE-SC0002505: Topology for Statistical Modeling of Petascale Data (and ASCR-funded collaboration between Sandia National Labs, Texas A&M University and University of Utah)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rojas, Joseph Maurice [Texas A& M University

    2013-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We summarize the contributions of the Texas A\\&M University Group to the project (DE-FG02-09ER25949/DE-SC0002505: Topology for Statistical Modeling of Petascale Data - an ASCR-funded collaboration between Sandia National Labs, Texas A\\&M U, and U Utah) during 6/9/2011 -- 2/27/2013.

  19. S T U D EN T A ND EN R OLM EN T S ER V I CE S DI V IS IO N In order to assist departments and colleges with their planning cycle for 2014-15 and beyond,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Page | 1 S T U D EN T A ND EN R OLM EN T S ER V I CE S DI V IS IO N In order to assist departments: Key Dates and Deadlines for 2014-15 DATE: March 28, 2014 #12;Page | 2 S T U D EN T A ND EN R OLM EN

  20. Synthesis, structure and properties of the oxychalcogenide series A{sub 4}O{sub 4}TiSe{sub 4} (A=Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er and Y)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tuxworth, A.J.; Evans, J.S.O., E-mail: john.evans@durham.ac.uk

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Seven oxyselenide materials have been synthesised with composition A{sub 4}O{sub 4}TiSe{sub 4} (A=Sm, Gd–Er, Y) via solid state reactions of A{sub 2}O{sub 3}, TiSe{sub 2} and Se at 900 °C. They are all isostructural with Gd{sub 4}O{sub 4}TiSe{sub 4}. Structures have been refined from powder X-ray diffraction data and have monoclinic C2/m symmetry with unit cell parameters of a?15.7 Å, b?3.75 Å, c?9.65 Å and ??117.5°. They contain infinite ribbons of edge-sharing A{sub 4}O and A{sub 3}TiO tetrahedra 4 units wide, which are linked by chains of TiSe{sub 4}O{sub 2} edge-sharing octahedra. Compositions A=Gd–Ho, Y are semiconductors with conductivities 1–3 Sm{sup ?1} at 300 K, with electronic band gaps of between 0.25 and 0.37 eV. Magnetic susceptibility is reported from 1.8 K to 300 K for compositions A=Gd–Ho. Rare earth moments appear to order antiferromagnetically at low temperatures with Gd and Tb showing evidence of ferromagnetism due to spin canting over a narrow temperature range close to T{sub N}. - Graphical abstract: Illustration of the A{sub 4}O{sub 4}TiSe{sub 4} crystal structure (C2/m symmetry), A{sub 4}O and A{sub 3}TiO edge sharing tetrahedral ribbons in red, chains of edge-sharing TiSe{sub 4}O{sub 2} in blue. Rare earth=green, titanium=blue, selenium=yellow, and oxygen=red. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Seven materials with A{sub 4}O{sub 4}TiSe{sub 4} (A=Sm, Gd–Er, Y) have been synthesised as bulk phases for the first time. • Materials are semiconductors and order antiferromagnetically at ?4 K. • Structure contains M{sub 4}O tetrahedral ribbons and TiSe{sub 4}O{sub 2} 1D octahedral chains.

  1. The Fusion of Ideas: An Interview with Margaret Walker Alexander

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham, Maryemma

    1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission. The fusion of ideas: An interview with Margaret Walker Alex African American Review; Summer 1993; 27, 2; ProQuest Research Library pg. 279...

  2. BACHELOR OF FINE ARTS Alexander Salvador Chavez, Art

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    , Business Administration Sean Patrick Carson, Communication Gary Michael Clubb, SociologyKenna, Political Science Blake Joseph McWilliams, Business Administration Rachel Elizabeth Moore, English Brittany

  3. Usage Control in Service-Oriented Architectures Alexander Pretschner1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massacci, Fabio

    to the present and the past. More recent work has extended the concept to usage control (UC for short; [4 appropriate than enforcement by direct control over the service provider's actions, and present a logical architectures. 1 Introduction The past few years have seen major technological and business trends

  4. Computergestutztes wissenschaftliches Rechnen Alexander K. Hartmann, Universitat Gottingen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartmann, Alexander K.

    : Kette von harten Teilchen i mit Masse mi, Ort xi, Geschwindigkeit vi T1 T2 W¨ande bei x = 0/x = L mit W¨aremb¨adern (Temperatur T1/T2). Wechselwirkung der Teilchen i.i + 1: idealer Sto� (vorher vi, nachher vi) vi = mi - mi+1 mi + mi+1 vi + 2mi+1 mi + mi+1 vi+1 vi+1 = 2mi mi + mi+1 vi - mi - mi+1 mi + mi+1 vi+1 (1

  5. 6 20082009 State of the Wild Source:AlexanderHafemann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sheets in the warm season. Finally, as tundra melts, methane, a powerful greenhouse gas, is bubbling out

  6. An Overview of Fast Multipole Methods Alexander T. Ihler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ihler, Alexander

    their net e#ect, rather than requiring that each contribution be calculated individually. Notationally multipole methods (FMM) can be used to approximate this calculation to some pre­specified level of accuracy­field (when y is close to the set of charges at {x i }), if the function K is smooth far from zero, f

  7. Application of Evolutionary Methods to 3D Geoscience Brad Alexander

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Brad

    and Geophysics University of Adelaide Adelaide, South Australia jared.peacock@adelaide.edu.au Stephan Thiel Geology and Geophysics University of Adelaide Adelaide, South Australia stephan.thiel@adelaide.edu.au ABSTRACT Geoscience modelling plays a vital role in mapping and track- ing Earth's resources

  8. Detection of first and second order motion Alexander Grunewald

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumann, Heiko

    Neuroinformatik Vniversitat VIm 89069 VIm Germany hneumann@neuro.informatik.uni-ulm.de Abstract A model of motion

  9. alexander monro primus: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: The Monroe County History Center and The Sage Collec on at Indiana University present at the Monroe County History Center, 202 E. 6th Street Join us at this free Arts Week...

  10. alexander disease serial: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    commutes Engineering Websites Summary: -wildlife conflict, and water quality. In the past year, her activities have been particularly fruitful. "It. Wild buffalo is the bushmeat...

  11. ALEXANDER A. GRILLO Research Physicist and Adjunct Professor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    of Engineering, Magnesys 1985 ­ 1988 Device Engineering Manager, Magnesys 1984 ­ 1985 Manager of Statistical of Quantum Electronics 49, 1045 (2013). 2. Radiation Hardness Evaluation of a 130 nm SiGe BiCMOS technology. Konoenko, A.A. Grillo, S. Díez, Nucl. Instrum. Methods A724, 41 (2013). 4. A.A. Grillo "Electronics

  12. Stellar Burning Falk Herwig, Alexander Heger, and Frank

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herwig, Falk

    ]. In these objects, a thermonuclear runaway of the helium shell on top of an electron-degenerate core (a young White implications for the production of neutron- rich elements. log Tlog Teffeff Figure 1-- A thermonuclear runaway stellar conditions. We will include a stellar equation of state as well as thermonuclear burning (TN burn

  13. On Dependency Graphs and the Lattice Gas Alexander D. Scott

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Alexander Alexander

    College London London WC1E 6BT, England scott@math.ucl.ac.uk Alan D. Sokal Department of Physics New York probability space, for which one wishes to prove that P( xX Ax) > 0, i.e. that with positive probability none for independent subsets of vertices, i.e. the polynomial ZG(w) = X X X independent xX wx , (1.1) where we

  14. Judicious partitions of graphs Bela Bollobas and Alexander Scott

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Alexander Alexander

    , and for any graph G, there is a partition V (G) = k i=1 Vi such that e(G[Vi]) e(G)/ k+1 2 for i = 1 demand 1 #12;that e(G[Vi]) be fairly close to e(G)/k2 , for i = 1, . . . , k, and that e(Vi, Vj) be fairly close to 2e(G)/k2 , for 1 i

  15. Alexander Hall (1) D4 Alumni Center (2) D2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Tim

    Cremona Classrooms (77) E3 Demaray Hall (DH) (8) B2 Eaton Hall (EH) (25) C3 Facility Operations Center Floor Peterson (20) C3 Corporate, Foundation, and Major Gifts, WAC (28) B3 Development, WAC (23) F3

  16. Process Tools for Interaction Design Alexander Wiethoff and Andreas Butz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to be applied within the user centered 17 Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Open Design Spaces scenarios for international clients, many designers and researchers have investigated how these tools can the User-Centered Design (UCD) process in its individual phases, such as user research and analysis

  17. Alexander Belousov 1,2 , Barry Voight 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belousov, Alexander

    ; catastrophic directed blast; (sub)plinian or vulcanian eruption, and fountain- collapse with generation conditions. That level, in turn, depends on the intensity of destabilizing effect of the intruding magma blast immediately follows collapse, with the direction influenced by dip of the detachment. Scenario 1

  18. Boundary Element Method for Internal Axisymmetric Flow Dr. Alexander Gokhman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gokhman, Dmitry

    to the practical cases of axisymmetric flow in Francis and Kaplan turbine passages with conical and of the method to the computation of flow in turbomachines of Kaplan and Francis types. 1 Introduction

  19. Alexander A. Puretzky Senior R&D Staff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    . of VA); T. Campbell (Univ. of VA); J. Chan (Univ. of VA); E. Chung (VA Tech); F. Corwin (VA Commonwealth Commonwealth Univ.); H. Hu (Chase Corp.); R. Hurt (Brown Univ.); A. Kane (Brown Univ.); I. Kulaots (Brown Univ.); J. Kushmerick (NIST); J. Liu (Brown Univ.); J. Liu (Duke Univ.); X. Liu (Brown Univ.); M. Manson (VA

  20. This is certainly a possibility, according to Alexander van Nauta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langendoen, Koen

    system to prevent the fluids from solidifying. The first stage of the patent application has been transportation in standard drill ships and allows the Bypass Dome to be lifted by offshore cranes. · Suitable