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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alder maple willows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

E-Print Network 3.0 - alder bigleaf maple Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lichen and moss-covered bigleaf maple tree (Acer macrophyllum... ) in a coniferous forest Fruiting salmonberry (Rubus spectabilis) shrub beneath a red alder (Alnus rubra)...

2

Maple Exercises  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ing Maple's le management. For example ..... There are commands in Maple that speci cally demand vectors ..... for the values on the right hand sides of the equations. .... vectors into a new matrix, making the building-blocks into the rows of the.

1998-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

3

Maple Exercises  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

These two commands cause Maple to load, from its Share Library, a. le called ...... the asteroid will come to the sun and (b) what is the furthest away from. the sun ...

4

Maple GOT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on-line documentation, a built-in mathematical dictionary with definitions for more ... supports the development of graphical user interfaces (by using “Maplet” applications) ... using an integrated computing system – such as Maple – to analyze .... financial modeling, medical and pharmaceutical research, process control, risk ...

JDP

2005-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

5

Conservation Assessment for the Autumn Willow in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conservation Assessment for the Autumn Willow in the Black Hills National Forest, South Dakota Forest Service Rocky Mountain Region Black Hills National Forest Custer, South Dakota April 2003 #12;Species Assessment of Autumn willow in the Black Hills National Forest, South Dakota and Wyoming J. Hope

6

NREL: Energy Analysis - Ben Maples  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions and Achievements of WomenEventsTools Update -BloomMaples Photo of Ben

7

E-Print Network 3.0 - arizona alder trees Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

shrub stand dominated by Alnus tenuifolia (thinleaf alder). The fast-growing deciduous tree Populus... , and growth dynamics of Alnus tenuifolia (thinleaf alder) and...

8

Evaluating ecosystem processes in willow short rotation coppice bioenergy plantations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaluating ecosystem processes in willow short rotation coppice bioenergy plantations R E B E C C and lit- ter decomposition varied between Short Rotation Coppice (SRC) willow bioenergy plantations., 2009). Willow (Salix spp) short rotation coppice (SRC) is one of the most widely planted second

9

12 Maple Syrup Digest SUGAR PROFILES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.5+/-0.7 2006. 18A(4) #12;December 2006 13 similar amounts of fructose, glucose, sucrose and total invert sugars and Mark Isselhardt Proctor Maple Research Center The University of Vermont Underhill Ctr., VT 05490

Hayden, Nancy J.

10

Covalently crosslinked diels-alder polymer networks.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project examines the utility of cycloaddition reactions for the synthesis of polymer networks. Cycloaddition reactions are desirable because they produce no unwanted side reactions or small molecules, allowing for the formation of high molecular weight species and glassy crosslinked networks. Both the Diels-Alder reaction and the copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) were studied. Accomplishments include externally triggered healing of a thermoreversible covalent network via self-limited hysteresis heating, the creation of Diels-Alder based photoresists, and the successful photochemical catalysis of CuAAC as an alternative to the use of ascorbic acid for the generation of Cu(I) in click reactions. An analysis of the results reveals that these new methods offer the promise of efficiently creating robust, high molecular weight species and delicate three dimensional structures that incorporate chemical functionality in the patterned material. This work was performed under a Strategic Partnerships LDRD during FY10 and FY11 as part of a Sandia National Laboratories/University of Colorado-Boulder Excellence in Science and Engineering Fellowship awarded to Brian J. Adzima, a graduate student at UC-Boulder. Benjamin J. Anderson (Org. 1833) was the Sandia National Laboratories point-of-contact for this fellowship.

Bowman, Christopher (University of Colorado, Boulder, CO); Adzima, Brian J. (University of Colorado, Boulder, CO); Anderson, Benjamin John

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Effects of Alder Mine on the Water, Sediments, and Benthic Macroinvertebrates of Alder Creek, 1998 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Alder Mine, an abandoned gold, silver, copper, and zinc mine in Okanogan County, Washington, produces heavy metal-laden effluent that affects the quality of water in a tributary of the Methow River. The annual mass loading of heavy metals from two audits at the Alder Mine was estimated to exceed 11,000 kg per year. In this study, water samples from stations along Alder Creek were assayed for heavy metals by ICP-AES and were found to exceed Washington State's acute freshwater criteria for cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), selenium (Se), and zinc (Zn).

Peplow, Dan

1999-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

12

E-Print Network 3.0 - alder tree labiate Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fertilization on the Early Growth of Red Alder... Plantations By Kevin R. Brown, Ph.D., R.P. Bio. and Paul J. Courtin, M.F., R.P.F. KEYWORDS: red alder... .R and P.J....

13

Willow Creek Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 South Place:ReferenceEdit JumpWill County, Illinois: Facility Willow Creek

14

Willow Well Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 South Place:ReferenceEdit JumpWill County, Illinois: Facility WillowWell

15

Fast-growing willow shrub named `Canastota`  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A distinct male cultivar of Salix sachalinensis.times.S. miyabeana named `Canastota`, characterized by rapid stem growth producing greater than 2.7-fold more woody biomass than its female parent (Salix sachalinensis `SX61`), 28% greater woody biomass yield than its male parent (Salix miyabeana `SX64`), and 20% greater woody biomass yield than a standard production cultivar, Salix dasyclados `SV1` when grown in the same field for the same length of time (two growing seasons after coppice) in Tully, N.Y. `Canastota` can be planted from dormant stem cuttings, produces multiple stems after coppice, and the stem biomass can be harvested when the plant is dormant. In the spring following harvest, the plant will re-sprout very vigorously, producing new stems that can be harvested after two to four years of growth. This harvest cycle can be repeated several times. `Canastota` displays a low incidence of rust disease or damage by willow sawfly.

Abrahamson, Lawrence P. (Marcellus, NY); Kopp, Richard F. (Marietta, NY); Smart, Lawrence B. (Geneva, NY); Volk, Timothy A. (Syracuse, NY)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

16

E-Print Network 3.0 - asymmetric hetero-diels-alder reactions...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Correction Paper No. b927076k Summary: . The classic hetero-Diels Alder reaction of acrolein with methyl vinyl ketone (Scheme 3) was examined in great... is unsymmetrically...

17

E-Print Network 3.0 - alder click chemistry Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

click chemistry Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alder click chemistry Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Influence of species proportion...

18

Fast-growing willow shrub named `Canastota`  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A distinct male cultivar of Salix sachalinensis.times.S. miyabeana named `Canastota`, characterized by rapid stem growth producing greater than 2.7-fold more woody biomass than its female parent (Salix sachalinensis `SX61`), 28% greater woody biomass yield than its male parent (Salix miyabeana `SX64`), and 20% greater woody biomass yield than a standard production cultivar, Salix dasyclados `SV1` when grown in the same field for the same length of time (two growing seasons after coppice) in Tully, N.Y. `Canastota` can be planted from dormant stem cuttings, produces multiple stems after coppice, and the stem biomass can be harvested when the plant is dormant. In the spring following harvest, the plant will re-sprout very vigorously, producing new stems that can be harvested after two to four years of growth. This harvest cycle can be repeated several times. `Canastota` displays a low incidence of rust disease or damage by willow sawfly.

Abrahamson, Lawrence P.; Kopp, Richard F.; Smart, Lawrence B.; Volk, Timothy A.

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

19

Instructions for Use of Maple in Mathematics 251 Getting started. The computer program Maple is a powerful tool which can help you solve a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maple is a powerful tool which can help you solve a wide range of mathematical problems: it can, the right mouse button brings up a Context menu that can be useful in editing the worksheet. Getting Help. Since you will not be given a Maple manual, you should learn to use Maple by using the built in Help

Ferry, Steve

20

Diels-Alder Cycloaddition for Fluorophore Targeting to Specific Proteins inside Living Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-electron-demand Diels-Alder cycloaddition between trans-cyclooctenes and tetrazines is biocompatible and exceptionally by chemoselective derivatization with a tetrazine-fluorophore conjugate in the second step. On the cell surface-cycloalkyne cycloadditions,10 and inverse-electron-demand Diels-Alder cycloadditions of tetrazines and trans-cyclooctenes.11

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alder maple willows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Alder Mutual Light Co, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 SouthWaterBrasilInformation 5-01Alchem LtdAlden, New York: EnergyAlder

22

Lectures on Reduce and Maple at UAM I - Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

These lectures give a brief introduction to the Computer Algebra systems Reduce and Maple. The aim is to provide a systematic survey of most important commands and concepts. In particular, this includes a discussion of simplification schemes and the handling of simplification and substitution rules (e.g., a Lie Algebra is implemented in Reduce by means of simplification rules). Another emphasis is on the different implementations of tensor calculi and the exterior calculus by Reduce and Maple and their application in Gravitation theory and Differential Geometry. I held the lectures at the Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, Departamento de Fisica, Mexico, in November 1999.

Marc Toussaint

2001-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

23

A q-PRODUCT TUTORIAL q-SERIES MAPLE PACKAGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A q-PRODUCT TUTORIAL FOR A q-SERIES MAPLE PACKAGE FRANK GARVAN Abstract. This is a tutorial-series and q-products and finding algebraic relations between q-series. Andrews found an algorithm to effectively find finite q-product factorisations when they exist thus answering a question of Andrews. We

Garvan, Frank

24

MONTANE RIPARIAN HABITAT AND WILLOW FLYCATCHERS: THREATS TO A SENSITIVE ENVIRONMENT AND SPECIES1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Willow Flycatchers and other inhabitants of montane mead- ows from livestock grazing and Brown surveyed mead- ows throughout the Sierra Nevada in June and July of 1986, searching for Willow Flycatchers and correlating their presence with habitat variables. The results of these surveys, discussed in detail by Harris

Standiford, Richard B.

25

Willow Valley, Arizona: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 South Place:ReferenceEdit JumpWill County, Illinois: Facility Willow

26

Quantavo: a Maple Toolbox for Linear Quantum Optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This manual describes the basic objectives, functionalities and uses of the toolbox for Maple (Maplesoft^TM) called Quantavo. It is intended to facilitate calculations both symbolically and numerically related to Quantum Optics. In particular the evolution, measurement and entanglement properties of quantum states in the Fock basis can be simulated with it. It is provided to the community as a free open source module.

Alvaro Feito

2008-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

27

Dependence of the Rate of an Interfacial Diels-Alder Reaction on the Steric Environment of the Immobilized Dienophile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dependence of the Rate of an Interfacial Diels-Alder Reaction on the Steric Environment for an interfacial Diels-Alder reaction and the steric environment around the reacting molecules. The study used that the quinone groups that were positioned below the interface (and in a crowded environment) reacted

Mrksich, Milan

28

MCS 320 Introduction to Symbolic Computation Spring 2011 Maple Lecture 2. Getting Started and Getting Help  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Getting Help In this lecture we show how to use Maple as a calculator and explore the extensive help 1 #12;MCS 320 Introduction to Symbolic Computation Spring 2011 2.2 Getting Help Maple can be quite overwhelming to the novice. Navigating through the help browser shows the structure of the software system

Verschelde, Jan

29

Maple Ridge Wind Farm phase II | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalway Bay(HeldManhattan, Kansas: EnergyNo companiesa WindMaple

30

Analysis of the HVAC System at the Willow Branch Intermediate School  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report presents an analysis of the HVAC system at the Willow Branch Intermediate School for the MEEN 685 class project. The school is located at College Station, Texas. A portion of the school belonged to Oakwood Intermediate School which...

Wei, G.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Characteristics of the Two Frontier Orbital Interactions in the Diels-Alder Cycloaddition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characteristics of the Two Frontier Orbital Interactions in the Diels-Alder Cycloaddition Claude by the two frontier orbital interactions emerged. It was demonstrated that in the case of normal Diels that can refine or modify the predictive power of existing tools are still very useful. The frontier

Spino, Claude

32

A convergent intermolecular Diels-Alder approach to the spirocycles found in the marine neurotoxic agents, the gymnodimines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S~N 101 / O ~ H O, S 101 68 OTBS 1. 0 equiv. EtsAICI, CHsCIs -30 0 OTBS 0 OsS 102 Considering the many possible variables that are involved in this asymmetric Diels-Alder, extensive experimentation will undoubtedly be necessary. Important.... Reaction of Dienes With Tulipalin-A (35a). Table 4. Reactivity of Diene 68 With Known Dienophiles. . . 36 36 Table 5. Diels-Alder Reaction of Dienophile 69 and (Z)-Diene 68. . . . Table 6. Effect of Isomeric Ratio of Diene 68 on Diels-Alder Reactions...

Cohn, Stephen Todd

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

33

Willow Creek Wildlife Mitigation Project. Final Environmental Assessment.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Today`s notice announces BPA`s proposal to fund land acquisition or acquisition of a conservation easement and a wildlife management plan to protect and enhance wildlife habitat at the Willow Creek Natural Area in Eugene, Oregon. This action would provide partial mitigation for wildlife and wildlife habitat lost by the development of Federal hydroelectric projects in the Willamette River Basin. The project is consistent with BPA`s obligations under provisions of the Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act of 1980 as outlined by the Northwest Power Planning Council`s 1994 Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. BPA has prepared an environmental assessment (DOE/EA-1023) evaluating the proposed project. Based on the analysis in the EA, BPA has determined that the proposed action is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment, within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. Therefore, the preparation of an environmental impact statement (EIS) is not required and BPA is issuing this FONSI.

NONE

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

How to use Maple as a technical word processor for the web  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for display on the web that you can easily create using maple and the distill command. I shall now give step by step instructions on how I created such a thing

35

Initial Effects of Brush Cutting and Shoot Removal on Willow Browse Quality Roy V. Rea1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

range. Resumen Examinamos los efectos iniciales del corte de arbustos (remocio´n de toda la biomasa ae. Especi´ficamente evaluamos los cambios de la biomasa, contenido de taninos, energi´a y protei's willow'' que habi´an recibido corte de arbusto fueron superiores en biomasa y ma´s bajas en protei

Gillingham, Michael

36

MONTANE RIPARIAN HABITAT AND WILLOW FLYCATCHERS: THREATS TO A SENSITIVE ENVIRONMENT AND SPECIESl  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of montane mead ows from livestock grazing and Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater) parasitism. We make. In addition to these studies, we surveyed mead ows throughout the Sierra Nevada in June and July of 1986 of these surveys, discussed in detail by Harris and others (1987), also contribute to our analysis of Willow Fly

37

UTILITIES -STOKER BOILER REPLACEMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HUGHESAVE COUNTRY CL UBBLVD GRAEBER ST BIG BLU ESTEMCOURT LI TTLE BLUESTEM COURT CO LLEGE MAPLE, WILLOW

Mayfield, John

38

Vulnerability of Xylem Vessels to Cavitation in Sugar Maple. Scaling from Individual Vessels to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vulnerability of Xylem Vessels to Cavitation in Sugar Maple. Scaling from Individual Vessels 02318 (M.A.Z., N.M.H.) The relation between xylem vessel age and vulnerability to cavitation of sugar-related changes in vulnerability to the overall resistance to cavitation, we combined data on the pressure

Melcher, Peter

39

DESIGNING AN OPPORTUNITY FUEL WITH BIOMASS AND TIRE-DERIVED FUEL FOR COFIRING AT WILLOW ISLAND GENERATING STATION AND COFIRING SAWDUST WITH COAL AT ALBRIGHT GENERATING STATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the period October 1, 2003-December 31, 2003, Allegheny Energy Supply Co., LLC (Allegheny) continued with demonstration operations at the Willow Island Generating Station and improvements to the Albright Generating Station cofiring systems. The demonstration operations at Willow Island were designed to document integration of biomass cofiring into commercial operations, including evaluating new sources of biomass supply. The Albright improvements were designed to increase the resource base for the projects, and to address issues that came up during the first year of operations. This report summarizes the activities associated with the Designer Opportunity Fuel program, and demonstrations at Willow Island and Albright Generating Stations.

K. Payette; D. Tillman

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

10/20/13 4:55 PMMyMath at WSU Page 1 of 2http://my.math.wsu.edu/maple.php  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10/20/13 4:55 PMMyMath at WSU Page 1 of 2http://my.math.wsu.edu/maple.php Faculty Directory ZZUSIS, alloc=12.0MB, time=0.20 Internal Server Error? #12;10/20/13 4:55 PMMyMath at WSU Page 2 of 2http://my.math.wsu.edu/maple.php

Schumaker, Mark

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alder maple willows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

E-Print Network 3.0 - agricultural liming techniques Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

beech and sycamore, adventitious shoots... which are especially suitable for use in coppice woodland including ash, oak, chestnut, willow, lime... when well rooted. Alder, ash,...

42

A MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF SAP EXUDATION IN MAPLE TREES GOVERNED BY ICE MELTING, GAS DISSOLUTION AND OSMOSIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF SAP EXUDATION IN MAPLE TREES GOVERNED BY ICE MELTING, GAS DISSOLUTION consumed in photosynthesis reactions in the leaves to produce the sugars needed for growth and other life contains 2 to 3% sugar by weight (primarily sucrose) and can be processed by repeated boiling to produce

Stockie, John

43

DESIGNING AN OPPORTUNITY FUEL WITH BIOMASS AND TIRE-DERIVED FUEL FOR COFIRING AT WILLOW ISLAND GENERATING STATION AND COFIRING SAWDUST WITH COAL AT ALBRIGHT GENERATING STATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the period July 1, 2001--September 30, 2001, Allegheny Energy Supply Co., LLC (Allegheny) continued construction of the Willow Island cofiring project, completed the installation of the fuel storage facility, the fuel receiving facility, and the processing building. All mechanical equipment has been installed and electrical construction has proceeded. During this time period significant short term testing of the Albright Generating Station cofiring facility was completed, and the 100-hour test was planned for early October. The testing demonstrated that cofiring at the Albright Generating Station could contribute to a ''4P Strategy''--reduction of SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, mercury, and greenhouse gas emissions. This report summarizes the activities associated with the Designer Opportunity Fuel program, and demonstrations at Willow Island and Albright Generating Stations. It details the construction activities at both sites along with the combustion modeling at the Willow Island site.

K. Payette; D. Tillman

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

DESIGNING AN OPPORTUNITY FUEL WITH BIOMASS AND TIRE-DERIVED FUEL FOR COFIRING AT WILLOW ISLAND GENERATING STATION AND COFIRING SAWDUST WITH COAL AT ALBRIGHT GENERATING STATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the period October 1, 2001--December 31, 2001, Allegheny Energy Supply Co., LLC (Allegheny) completed construction of the Willow Island cofiring project. This included completion of the explosion proof electrical wiring, the control system, and the control software. Procedures for system checkout, shakedown, and initial operation were initiated during this period. During this time period the 100-hour test of the Albright Generating Station cofiring facility was completed. The testing demonstrated that cofiring at the Albright Generating Station could reliably contribute to a ''4P Strategy''--reduction of SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, mercury, and greenhouse gas emissions over a significant load range. During this period of time Allegheny Energy conducted facility tours of both Albright and Willow Island for the Biomass Interest Group of the Electric Power Research Institute. This report summarizes the activities associated with the Designer Opportunity Fuel program, and demonstrations at Willow Island and Albright Generating Stations. It details the completion of construction activities at the Willow Island site along with the 100-hr test at the Albright site.

K. Payette; D. Tillman

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

The MaPLE device of Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics: Construction and its plasma aspects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Magnetized Plasma Linear Experimental (MaPLE) device is a low cost laboratory plasma device at Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics fabricated in-house with the primary aim of studying basic plasma physics phenomena such as plasma instabilities, wave propagation, and their nonlinear behavior in magnetized plasma regime in a controlled manner. The machine is specially designed to be a versatile laboratory device that can provide a number of magnetic and electric scenario to facilitate such studies. A total of 36 number of 20-turn magnet coils, designed such as to allow easy handling, is capable of producing a uniform, dc magnetic field of about 0.35 T inside the plasma chamber of diameter 0.30 m. Support structure of the coils is planned in an innovative way facilitating straightforward fabrication and easy positioning of the coils. Further special feature lies in the arrangement of the spacers between the coils that can be maneuvered rather easily to create different magnetic configurations. Various methods of plasma production can be suitably utilized according to the experimental needs at either end of the vacuum vessel. In the present paper, characteristics of a steady state plasma generated by electron cyclotron resonance method using 2.45 GHz microwave power are presented. Scans using simple probe drives revealed that a uniform and long plasma column having electron density {approx}3-5x10{sup 10} cm{sup -3} and temperature {approx}7-10 eV, is formed in the center of the plasma chamber which is suitable for wave launching experiments.

Pal, Rabindranath; Biswas, Subir; Basu, Subhasis; Chattopadhyay, Monobir; Basu, Debjyoti; Chaudhuri, Manis [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, I/AF Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700 064 (India)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

46

Performance and evaluation of gas-engine-driven split-system cooling equipment at the Willow Grove Naval Air Station  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

DOE`s Federal Energy Management Program supports efforts to reduce energy use and associated expenditures within the federal sector; one such effort, the New Technology Demonstration Program (NTDP)(formerly the Test Bed Demonstration program), seeks to evaluate new energy saving US technologies and secure their more timely adoption by the federal government. This report describes the field evaluation conducted to examine the performance of a 15-ton natural-gas-engine- driven, split-system, air-conditioning unit. The unit was installed at a multiple-use building at Willow Grove Naval Air Station, a regular and reserve training facility north of Philadelphia, and its performance was monitored under the NTDP.

Armstrong, P.R.; Schmelzer, J.R.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

MRI Study on Maple Syrup Urine Disease via the LONI Pipeline With the creation of large image datasets for quantitative disease classification and diagnosis, like the Alzheimer's Disease  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MRI Study on Maple Syrup Urine Disease via the LONI Pipeline Overview: With the creation of large pipeline implementation. Given this need, software tools like STAMPS (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19346025) and the LONI Pipeline (http://pipeline.loni.ucla.edu/) were developed. These tools integrate

Bjørnstad, Ottar Nordal

48

Performance and evaluation of gas-engine-driven rooftop air conditioning equipment at the Willow Grove Naval Air Station. Final report (revised October 21, 1996)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The performance was evaluated of a new US cooling technology that has been installed for the first time at a federal facility. The technology is a 15-ton natural gas-engine-driven rooftop air conditioning unit made by Thermo King. Two units were installed to serve the Navy Exchange at Willow Grove. The savings potential at Willow Grove is described and that in the federal sector estimated. Conditions for implementation are discussed. In summary, the new technology is generally cost-effective at sites where marginal electricity cost (per MBtu at the meter) is more than 4 times the marginal gas cost (per MBtu at the meter) and annual full-load-equivalent cooling hours exceed 2,000.

Armstrong, P.R.; Katipamula, S.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Performance and evaluation of gas engine driven rooftop air conditioning equipment at the Willow Grove (PA) Naval Air Station  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a field evaluation conducted for the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) examined the performance of a new US energy-related technology under the FEMP Test Bed Demonstration Program. The technology was a 15-ton natural gas engine driven roof top air conditioning unit. Two such units were installed on a naval retail building to provide space conditioning to the building. Under the Test Bed Demonstration Program, private and public sector interests are focused to support the installation and evaluation of new US technologies in the federal sector. Participating in this effort under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) with DOE were the American Gas Cooling Center, Philadelphia Electric Company, Thermo King Corporation, and the US Naval Air Station at Willow Grove, Pennsylvania. Equipment operating and service data as well as building interior and exterior conditions were secured for the 1992 cooling season. Based on a computer assessment of the building using standard weather data, a comparison was made with the energy and operating costs associated with the previous space conditioning system. Based on performance during the 1992 cooling season and adjusted to a normal weather year, the technology will save the site $6,000/yr in purchased energy costs. An additional $9,000 in savings due to electricity demand ratchet charge reductions will also be realized. Detailed information on the technology, the installation, and the results of the technology test are provided to illustrate the advantages to the federal sector of using this technology. A history of the CRADA development process is also reported.

Armstrong, P.R.; Conover, D.R.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

DESIGNING AND OPPORTUNITY FUEL WITH BIOMASS AND TIRE-DERIVED FUEL FOR COFIRING AT WILLOW ISLAND GENERATING STATION AND COFIRING SAWDUST WITH COAL AT ALBRIGHT GENERATING STATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the period July 1, 2000-March 31, 2004, Allegheny Energy Supply Co., LLC (Allegheny) conducted an extensive demonstration of woody biomass cofiring at its Willow Island and Albright Generating Stations. This demonstration, cofunded by USDOE and Allegheny, and supported by the Biomass Interest Group (BIG) of EPRI, evaluated the impacts of sawdust cofiring in both cyclone boilers and tangentially-fired pulverized coal boilers. The cofiring in the cyclone boiler--Willow Island Generating Station Unit No.2--evaluated the impacts of sawdust alone, and sawdust blended with tire-derived fuel. The biomass was blended with the coal on its way to the combustion system. The cofiring in the pulverized coal boiler--Albright Generating Station--evaluated the impact of cofiring on emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}) when the sawdust was injected separately into the furnace. The demonstration of woody biomass cofiring involved design, construction, and testing at each site. The results addressed impacts associated with operational issues--capacity, efficiency, and operability--as well as formation and control of airborne emissions such as NO{sub x}, sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}2), opacity, and mercury. The results of this extensive program are detailed in this report.

K. Payette; D. Tillman

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Pacific AC Intertie (Oregon -Washington -Canada)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HOOPA WILLOW CREEK RUSS RANCH MAPLE CREEK GROUSE CREEK BIG BAR Weaverville FRENCH GULCH ORICK BIG LAGOON TRINITY LEWISTON WEAVERVILLE DOUGLAS CITY WEAVERVILLE TRINITY HEADGATE CAPAY GLENN HIGH LINE ORLAND B

52

maple and xmaple  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

m := matrix( [ [8,2,3] , [3,2,1] , [6,6,7] ] ); m1 := mulrow( m , 1, 1/8 ); m2 := addrow( m1, 1, 2, -3 ); m3 .... You are now ready to move on to the next section, matlab ...

53

Performance and evaluation of gas engine driven rooftop air conditioning equipment at the Willow Grove (PA) Naval Air Station. Interim report, 1992 cooling season  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a field evaluation conducted for the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) examined the performance of a new US energy-related technology under the FEMP Test Bed Demonstration Program. The technology was a 15-ton natural gas engine driven roof top air conditioning unit. Two such units were installed on a naval retail building to provide space conditioning to the building. Under the Test Bed Demonstration Program, private and public sector interests are focused to support the installation and evaluation of new US technologies in the federal sector. Participating in this effort under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) with DOE were the American Gas Cooling Center, Philadelphia Electric Company, Thermo King Corporation, and the US Naval Air Station at Willow Grove, Pennsylvania. Equipment operating and service data as well as building interior and exterior conditions were secured for the 1992 cooling season. Based on a computer assessment of the building using standard weather data, a comparison was made with the energy and operating costs associated with the previous space conditioning system. Based on performance during the 1992 cooling season and adjusted to a normal weather year, the technology will save the site $6,000/yr in purchased energy costs. An additional $9,000 in savings due to electricity demand ratchet charge reductions will also be realized. Detailed information on the technology, the installation, and the results of the technology test are provided to illustrate the advantages to the federal sector of using this technology. A history of the CRADA development process is also reported.

Armstrong, P.R.; Conover, D.R.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Publisher's Note: ''The MaPLE device of Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics: Construction and its plasma aspects'' [Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 073507 (2010)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Magnetized Plasma Linear Experimental (MaPLE) device is a low cost laboratory plasma device at Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics fabricated in-house with the primary aim of studying basic plasma physics phenomena such as plasma instabilities, wave propagation, and their nonlinear behavior in magnetized plasma regime in a controlled manner. The machine is specially designed to be a versatile laboratory device that can provide a number of magnetic and electric scenario to facilitate such studies. A total of 36 number of 20-turn magnet coils, designed such as to allow easy handling, is capable of producing a uniform, dc magnetic field of about 0.35 T inside the plasma chamber of diameter 0.30 m. Support structure of the coils is planned in an innovative way facilitating straightforward fabrication and easy positioning of the coils. Further special feature lies in the arrangement of the spacers between the coils that can be maneuvered rather easily to create different magnetic configurations. Various methods of plasma production can be suitably utilized according to the experimental needs at either end of the vacuum vessel. In the present paper, characteristics of a steady state plasma generated by electron cyclotron resonance method using 2.45 GHz microwave power are presented. Scans using simple probe drives revealed that a uniform and long plasma column having electron density {approx} 3-5 Multiplication-Sign 1010 cm-3 and temperature {approx} 7-10 eV, is formed in the center of the plasma chamber which is suitable for wave launching experiments.

Pal, Rabindranath; Biswas, Subir; Basu, Subhasis; Chattopadhyay, Monobir; Basu, Debjyoti; Chaudhuri, Manis [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, I/AF Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700 064 (India)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

55

Willow Creek - Sept 2009.indd  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched FerromagnetismWaste and MaterialsWenjun DengWISP SignInWhoWilliston to

56

Pure Maple Syrup Issue 7  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, put on his formal demeanour, and said, 'We came here today to mark a change in our relationship. An important change, and a most welcome one. You and I met two years ago, and we bonded, and as you said, Ray, we became far more effective...|% f5*^ 1 0ff%\\ \\ r*3^ f"!SSl W?/sA byAnjaGruber Julien's waffle - This is set during and after theepisode Flashback (apparently known to some as Slashback). AND THEN WE, UM, BONDED by Julien Detective Ray Vecchio stood beside Constable Benton...

Multiple Contributors

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Pure Maple Syrup Issue 9  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

could slip an entire ringer inside to pleasure him without causing pain, and they were both enjoying the process immensely. Ray figured it would be only another week or two before he could finally join with Benton, become one with him, as Benton had...'s heavy weight, holding onto him for dear life. 'I love you, too, Benny. More than I ever thought I could love anybody. But let's not jump the gun, OK? Give your Dad some time to get used to the idea. If he's half the Mountie you say he is, he'll come...

Multiple Contributors

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Pure Maple Syrup Issue 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 'Did you ever think about getting a phone? We use them quite a bit in the States now, maybe you've seen the commercials for them?' It was Ray propped in the doorway, engulfed in a giant snowsuit, fur hat and sunglasses. Fraser lowered his gun. 'Ray... the zip closed, though he didn't do up the button or belt. Ray moved around to stand in front of the mountie. 'They were going to use you as an example, you said. What else were they going to do to you, Benny? What else?' For the first time since he...

Multiple Contributors

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Pure Maple Syrup Issue 6  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'sactually transformative.' Tell me that in American, Benny.' 'Fan-writers add something to the original by using their own creativity. Also, this is a non commercial activity.' 'Fans buy the zine!' 'Well, that would indeedbe the weak point in a defence case, Ray... back up using teeth, tongue, and hard sucking to wring all the sensation possible from the act. 'Please-' Ray found the breath to whisper. Fraser came off his cock with a jerk, met his eyes with a wet and tender smile and said, 'Shut up. I'll let...

Multiple Contributors

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Ackee, Lychee, Longan, Maple Syrup  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cardamom, Ginger Banana, Plantain Pineapple Chives, Garlic, Leeks, Shallot, Onion Date, Coconut, Palm oil and moderation. A rationale is presented for using botanical families as a tool to systematically increase proposed here uses the botanical family concept to design patterns of food consumption that capitalize

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alder maple willows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Pure Maple Syrup Issue 3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Benny Mona Moore: 45 meanings Quill , 47 jealousy Gillian Middleton 51 chasing rainbows Laurie Taylor 64 oblivion Gillian Middleton 90 rosewell Julien 96 deal with the devil Gillian Middleton 99 staying Julien 108 lazy days Quill...; 121..., that despite all the women in the cop's life, the mountie is Ray's One True Love... DUE SOUTH is a quality TV show, created by Paul Haggis, and produced at various times by Paul Haggis, Kathy Slevin and/or Jeff King. The three main characters are Constable...

Multiple Contributors

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Pure Maple Syrup Issue 8  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

're settled again, I could write to you. I mean, we could write to each other. Letters are better than nothing, Mark, and maybe one day...' Benton trailed off as Mark turned towards him again, an imploring look on his face. 'I can't write letters,' Mark... Lust Susan Rose 29 Just the Touch ofYour Hand Elaine Walker 32 Many Mansions Wally 37 It Happened One Morning Elaine Walker 58 Masquerade Rupert Rouge 64 At Night (poem) Renny Ramos 76 Just Another Day Elaine Walker 77 Masses ofMen Jane Mailander...

Multiple Contributors

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Pure Maple Syrup Issue 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are Constable Benton Fraser (played by Paul Gross), Detective Ray Vecchio (David Marciano) and Diefenbaker (Lincoln). Other vital continuing characters are Lieutenant Harding Welsh (Beau Starr), Detective Jack Huey (Tony Craig), Detective Louis Gardino... sounded. Ray managed to laugh it all off until the Duck Boys gave up and went home ? but as soon as they were alone again Ray turned to Fraser and angrily demanded, 'OK, have you humiliated me enough for one night?' So much for the dinner date. Much...

Multiple Contributors

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Fast-growing willow shrub named `Millbrook`  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A distinct female cultivar of Salix purpurea.times.Salix miyabeana named `Millbrook`, characterized by rapid stem growth producing 9% more woody biomass than one of its parents (`SX64`) and 2% more biomass than a current production cultivar (`SV1`). `Millbrook` produced greater than 2-fold more stem biomass than two other current production cultivars, `SX67` and `SX61`. `Millbrook` can be planted from dormant stem cuttings, produces multiple stems after coppice, and the stem biomass can be harvested when the plant is dormant. In the spring following harvest, the plant will re-sprout very vigorously, producing new stems that can be harvested after two to four years of growth. This harvest cycle can be repeated several times. The stem biomass can be chipped and burned as a source of renewable energy, generating heat and/or electricity. `Millbrook` displays a low incidence of rust disease.

Abrahamson, Lawrence P.; Kopp, Richard F.; Smart, Lawrence B.; Volk, Timothy A.

2007-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

65

Fast-growing willow shrub named `Otisco`  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A distinct female cultivar of Salix viminalis.times.S. miyabeana named `Otisco`, characterized by rapid stem growth producing greater than 42% more woody biomass than one of its parents (`SX64`) and 33% more biomass than a current production cultivar (`SV1`). `Otisco` produced greater than 2.5-fold more stem biomass than two other current production cultivars, `SX67` and `SX61`. `Otisco` can be planted from dormant stem cuttings, produces multiple stems after coppice, and the stem biomass can be harvested when the plant is dormant. In the spring following harvest, the plant will re-sprout very vigorously, producing new stems that can be harvested after two to four years of growth. This harvest cycle can be repeated several times. The stem biomass can be chipped and burned as a source of renewable energy, generating heat and/or electricity. `Otisco` displays a low incidence of rust disease and is not damaged by potato leafhoppers.

Abrahamson, Lawrence P.; Kopp, Richard F.; Smart, Lawrence B.; Volk, Timothy A.

2007-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

66

Fast-growing shrub willow named `Owasco`  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A distinct female cultivar of Salix viminalis.times.Salix miyabeana named `Owasco`, characterized by rapid stem growth producing greater than 49% more woody biomass than one of its parents (`SX64`) and 39% more biomass than a current production cultivar (`SV1`). `Otisco` produced greater than 2.7-fold more stem biomass than two other current production cultivars, `SX67` and `SX61`. `Owasco` can be planted from dormant stem cuttings, produces multiple stems after coppice, and the stem biomass can be harvested when the plant is dormant. In the spring following harvest, the plant will re-sprout very vigorously, producing new stems that can be harvested after two to four years of growth. This harvest cycle can be repeated several times. The stem biomass can be chipped and burned as a source of renewable energy, generating heat and/or electricity. `Owasco` displays a low incidence of rust disease and is not damaged by potato leafhoppers.

Abrahamson, Lawrence P.; Kopp, Richard F.; Smart, Lawrence B.; Volk, Timothy A.

2007-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

67

Fast-growing willow shrub named `Oneida`  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A distinct male cultivar of Salix purpurea.times.S. miyabeana named `Oneida`, characterized by rapid stem growth producing 2.7-times greater woody biomass than one of its parents (`SX67`) and greater than 36% more biomass than current production cultivars (`SV1` and `SX64`). `Oneida` can be planted from dormant stem cuttings, produces multiple stems after coppice, and the stem biomass can be harvested when the plant is dormant. In the spring following harvest, the plant will re-sprout very vigorously, producing new stems that can be harvested after two to four years of growth. This harvest cycle can be repeated several times. The stem biomass can be chipped and burned as a source of renewable energy, generating heat and/or electricity. `Oneida` displays a low incidence of rust disease or damage by beetles or sawflies.

Abrahamson, Lawrence P.; Kopp, Richard F.; Smart, Lawrence B.; Volk, Timothy A.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Willow Creek Wildlife Mitigation- Project Final Environmental...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1980 a s outlined by the Northwest Power Planning Council's 1994.Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. BPA has prepared an environmental assessment (DOEEA-1023)...

69

Fast-growing willow shrub named `Millbrook`  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A distinct female cultivar of Salix purpurea.times.Salix miyabeana named `Millbrook`, characterized by rapid stem growth producing 9% more woody biomass than one of its parents (`SX64`) and 2% more biomass than a current production cultivar (`SV1`). `Millbrook` produced greater than 2-fold more stem biomass than two other current production cultivars, `SX67` and `SX61`. `Millbrook` can be planted from dormant stem cuttings, produces multiple stems after coppice, and the stem biomass can be harvested when the plant is dormant. In the spring following harvest, the plant will re-sprout very vigorously, producing new stems that can be harvested after two to four years of growth. This harvest cycle can be repeated several times. The stem biomass can be chipped and burned as a source of renewable energy, generating heat and/or electricity. `Millbrook` displays a low incidence of rust disease.

Abrahamson, Lawrence P [Marcellus, NY; Kopp, Richard F [Marietta, NY; Smart, Lawrence B [Geneva, NY; Volk, Timothy A [Syracuse, NY

2007-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

70

Fast-growing willow shrub named `Otisco`  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A distinct female cultivar of Salix viminalis.times.S. miyabeana named `Otisco`, characterized by rapid stem growth producing greater than 42% more woody biomass than one of its parents (`SX64`) and 33% more biomass than a current production cultivar (`SV1`). `Otisco` produced greater than 2.5-fold more stem biomass than two other current production cultivars, `SX67` and `SX61`. `Otisco` can be planted from dormant stem cuttings, produces multiple stems after coppice, and the stem biomass can be harvested when the plant is dormant. In the spring following harvest, the plant will re-sprout very vigorously, producing new stems that can be harvested after two to four years of growth. This harvest cycle can be repeated several times. The stem biomass can be chipped and burned as a source of renewable energy, generating heat and/or electricity. `Otisco` displays a low incidence of rust disease and is not damaged by potato leafhoppers.

Abrahamson, Lawrence P. (Marcellus, NY); Kopp, Richard F. (Marietta, NY); Smart, Lawrence B. (Geneva, NY); Volk, Timothy A. (Syracuse, NY)

2007-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

71

Fast-growing shrub willow named `Owasco`  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A distinct female cultivar of Salix viminalis.times.Salix miyabeana named `Owasco`, characterized by rapid stem growth producing greater than 49% more woody biomass than one of its parents (`SX64`) and 39% more biomass than a current production cultivar (`SV1`). `Otisco` produced greater than 2.7-fold more stem biomass than two other current production cultivars, `SX67` and `SX61`. `Owasco` can be planted from dormant stem cuttings, produces multiple stems after coppice, and the stem biomass can be harvested when the plant is dormant. In the spring following harvest, the plant will re-sprout very vigorously, producing new stems that can be harvested after two to four years of growth. This harvest cycle can be repeated several times. The stem biomass can be chipped and burned as a source of renewable energy, generating heat and/or electricity. `Owasco` displays a low incidence of rust disease and is not damaged by potato leafhoppers.

Abrahamson, Lawrence P. (Marcellus, NY); Kopp, Richard F. (Marietta, NY); Smart, Lawrence B. (Geneva, NY); Volk, Timothy A. (Syracuse, NY)

2007-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

72

Fast-growing willow shrub named `Oneida`  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A distinct male cultivar of Salix purpurea.times.S. miyabeana named `Oneida`, characterized by rapid stem growth producing 2.7-times greater woody biomass than one of its parents (`SX67`) and greater than 36% more biomass than current production cultivars (`SV1` and `SX64`). `Oneida` can be planted from dormant stem cuttings, produces multiple stems after coppice, and the stem biomass can be harvested when the plant is dormant. In the spring following harvest, the plant will re-sprout very vigorously, producing new stems that can be harvested after two to four years of growth. This harvest cycle can be repeated several times. The stem biomass can be chipped and burned as a source of renewable energy, generating heat and/or electricity. `Oneida` displays a low incidence of rust disease or damage by beetles or sawflies.

Abrahamson, Lawrence P. (Marcellus, NY); Kopp, Richard F. (Marietta, NY); Smart, Lawrence B. (Geneva, NY); Volk, Timothy A. (Syracuse, NY)

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Los Alamos plants willows for flood recovery  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

near Hatch, New Mexico. Lab scientist from Espaola provides technical assistance to small New Mexico businesses November, 1 2014 - Wind, solar and hydro energy production can...

74

Diamond Willow Extension | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6 No revision has Type Term TitleSilver Peak AreaExtension

75

Los Alamos plants willows for flood recovery  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fund Las Conchas recoveryNuclearPhysicist honored byplants

76

Maple River Energy LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellis a town inRiver Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, search

77

alder stands budgets: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

oriented synthesis of PPAPs scaffold via sequential one pot (more) Sow, Boubacar 2013-01-01 87 2011 Waves -1 STANDING WAVES Physics Websites Summary: , we can also write c f...

78

alder blumer eugenics: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

by declination: Divide the catalog objects into "buckets" by declination, where each bucket 214 A Digital Humanities Approach to the History of Science Eugenics revisited in...

79

Electronic effects in the Diels-Alder reactions of vinylboranes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

&H NMR spectrum of the oxidized products in the competitive reaction of 4a and 4b with vinyl-9-BBN 10 tH NMR spectrum of the oxidized products in the competitive reaction of 4b and 4c with vinyl-9-BBN 11 tH NMR spectrum of trivinylborane. 12 t...~C NMR spectrum of trivinylborane . 13 Plot of the reaction ratio versus time 17 21 22 26 27 in the reaction of 4a with trivinylborane 31 LIST OF FIGURES (Continued) 14 Plot of the reaction ratio versus time in the reaction of cyclopentadiene...

Watson, Jose Vernon

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

alder-winter theory: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and mutlilinear algebra. George Svetlichny 1999-03-12 450 Benchmarking Nuclear Fission Theory Nuclear Experiment (arXiv) Summary: We suggest a small set of fission observables...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alder maple willows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

alder alnus acuminata: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

fixation in the watershed soils and the associated N flux to the lake Hu, Feng Sheng 10 Multivariate analysis of allozymic and quantitative trait variation in Alnus rubra...

82

alder receives national: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

through frequency detuning in a coupled set of local obtainedby detuning the end elements of the local oscillator array. It is possible to increasethe York, Robert A. 228...

83

andean alder alnus: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

de Santander (D. klagesi): ICN35570, Colombia, Norte de Santander, Ocaa, Agua de la Virgen, -73.40, 08.23. 4. hellmayri (D. hellmayri): ANDES-BT994, Colombia Cuervo,...

84

MHK Projects/White Alder Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalway Bay IE < MHKInformation Breton Island

85

Draft Umatilla/Willow Subbasin Plan May 28, 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contor Carl Scheeler Gary James Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife: Jesse Schwartz Kevin Blakely Indian Reservation Gary James and Carl Scheeler Morrow Soil and Water Conservation District Janet Greenup Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife Tim Bailey and Kevin Blakely Umatilla County Soil and Water

86

Fast-growing willow shrub named `Tully Champion`  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A distinct female cultivar of Salix viminalis.times.S. miyabeana named `Tully Champion`, characterized by rapid stem growth producing greater than 25% more woody biomass than two current production clones (Salix dasyclados `SV1` and Salix miyabeana `SX64`), more than 2.5-fold greater biomass than one of its parents (Salix miyabeana `SX67`), and nearly 3-fold more biomass than another production clone (Salix sacchalinensis, `SX61`) when grown in the same field for the same length of time (two growing seasons after coppice) in Tully, N.Y. `Tully Champion` can be planted from dormant stem cuttings, produces multiple stems after coppice, and the stem biomass can be harvested when the plant is dormant. In the spring following harvest, the plant will re-sprout very vigorously, producing new stems that can be harvested repeatedly after two to four years of growth. `Tully Champion` displays a low incidence of rust disease and is not damaged by potato leafhoppers.

Abrahamson, Lawrence P. (Marcellus, NY); Kopp, Richard F. (Marietta, NY); Smart, Lawrence B. (Geneva, NY); Volk, Timothy A. (Syracuse, NY)

2007-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

87

Fast-growing willow shrub named `Tully Champion`  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A distinct female cultivar of Salix viminalis.times.S. miyabeana named `Tully Champion`, characterized by rapid stem growth producing greater than 25% more woody biomass than two current production clones (Salix dasyclados `SV1` and Salix miyabeana `SX64`), more than 2.5-fold greater biomass than one of its parents (Salix miyabeana `SX67`), and nearly 3-fold more biomass than another production clone (Salix sacchalinensis, `SX61`) when grown in the same field for the same length of time (two growing seasons after coppice) in Tully, N.Y. `Tully Champion` can be planted from dormant stem cuttings, produces multiple stems after coppice, and the stem biomass can be harvested when the plant is dormant. In the spring following harvest, the plant will re-sprout very vigorously, producing new stems that can be harvested repeatedly after two to four years of growth. `Tully Champion` displays a low incidence of rust disease and is not damaged by potato leafhoppers.

Abrahamson, Lawrence P.; Kopp, Richard F.; Smart, Lawrence B.; Volk, Timothy A.

2007-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

88

Fast-growing willow shrub named `Fish Creek`  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A distinct male cultivar of Salix purpurea named `Fish Creek`, characterized by rapid stem growth producing greater than 30% more woody biomass than either of its parents (`94001` and `94006`) and 20% more biomass than a current production cultivar (`SV1`). `Fish Creek` can be planted from dormant stem cuttings, produces multiple stems after coppice, and the stem biomass can be harvested when the plant is dormant. In the spring following harvest, the plant will re-sprout very vigorously, producing new stems that can be harvested after two to four years of growth. This harvest cycle can be repeated several times. The stem biomass can be chipped and burned as a source of renewable energy, generating heat and/or electricity. `Fish Creek` displays a low incidence of rust disease or damage by beetles or sawflies.

Abrahamson, Lawrence P.; Kopp, Richard F.; Smart, Lawrence B.; Volk, Timothy A.

2007-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

89

EA-1023: Willow Creek Wildlife Mitigation Project, Eugene, Oregon  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the U.S. Department of Energy's Bonneville Power Administration's proposal to fund habitat acquisition (of land or a conservation easement), wildlife...

90

Fast-growing willow shrub named `Fish Creek`  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A distinct male cultivar of Salix purpurea named `Fish Creek`, characterized by rapid stem growth producing greater than 30% more woody biomass than either of its parents (`94001` and `94006`) and 20% more biomass than a current production cultivar (`SV1`). `Fish Creek` can be planted from dormant stem cuttings, produces multiple stems after coppice, and the stem biomass can be harvested when the plant is dormant. In the spring following harvest, the plant will re-sprout very vigorously, producing new stems that can be harvested after two to four years of growth. This harvest cycle can be repeated several times. The stem biomass can be chipped and burned as a source of renewable energy, generating heat and/or electricity. `Fish Creek` displays a low incidence of rust disease or damage by beetles or sawflies.

Abrahamson, Lawrence P. (Marcellus, NY); Kopp, Richard F. (Marietta, NY); Smart, Lawrence B. (Geneva, NY); Volk, Timothy A. (Syracuse, NY)

2007-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

91

Willows Aid Flood Recovery in Los Alamos Desert  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

LOS ALAMOS, N.M. – Los Alamos National Laboratory’s Associate Directorate of Environmental Programs (ADEP) has been busy with various flood recovery activities since last fall. 

92

Profitability of Willow Biomass Crops Affected by Incentive Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cropping system is based on a single planting and multiple harvests using a coppice management system [5

Vermont, University of

93

MHK Projects/Willow Island | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalway Bay IE < MHKInformation BretonMO

94

Whispering Willow I Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 South Place: SaltTroyer & AssociatesWestILI Wind Farm Facility

95

Willow Creek, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperative JumpWilliamson County, Tennessee: EnergyWillis, Texas:40.9395774°,

96

Willow Creek, Montana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperative JumpWilliamson County, Tennessee: EnergyWillis,

97

Willow Grove, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperative JumpWilliamson County, Tennessee: EnergyWillis,Grove, Pennsylvania:

98

Willow Park, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperative JumpWilliamson County, Tennessee: EnergyWillis,Grove,

99

Willow Springs, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperative JumpWilliamson County, Tennessee: EnergyWillis,Grove,Illinois: Energy

100

Red Willow County, Nebraska: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, search RAPIDColoradosourceRausWyoming: EnergyElec Assn Jump to:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alder maple willows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Diamond Willow Wind (07) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6 No revision has Type Term TitleSilver Peak AreaExtension(07)

102

Diamond Willow Wind (08) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6 No revision has Type Term TitleSilver Peak

103

City of Willow Springs, Missouri (Utility Company) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDITOhioOglesby,Sullivan, MissouriWebster City,White Place: SouthWhittemore,

104

Ecology of the predator assemblage affecting nest success of passerines in Sierra Nevada, California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

were surveyed since 1997 (15 from 1997 to 2006, plus 6 added in 2003). My study areas were located in montane meadows in central Sierra Nevada, California, USA, including El Dorado, Placer, Nevada, and Sierra counties. The area presents a... the line intercept method (Bonham 1989), using a pole (200 cm tall ? 1.25 cm diameter). I took measurements every 3 meters, including vegetation type, as each species of plant that touched the pole (willow, other shrub species, grass/forbs, aspen, alder...

Cocimano, Maria C.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

105

Getting Started with Differential Equations in Maple September 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

order equations here. First, we need to load the "DEtools" library: > with(DEtools): Let's define to Inline by using the menu bar to select Options -> Plot Display -> Inline Let's add a solution curve "linecolor=blue" tells the command to draw the solution curve in black. (The default line color is yellow

Weckesser, Warren

106

Getting Started with Differential Equations in Maple September 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

order equations here. First, we need to load the "DEtools" library: > with(DEtools): Let's define to Inline by using the menu bar to select Options ­> Plot Display ­> Inline Let's add a solution curve "linecolor=blue" tells the command to draw the solution curve in black. (The default line color is yellow

Weckesser, Warren

107

26 Maple Syrup Digest THE "JONES RULE OF 86" REVISITED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the present day when concentration by reverse osmosis is common, and the value and difference in sap (or enough. Given our increasingly powerful Reverse Osmosis machines, the resultant high concentrate sugar

Hayden, Nancy J.

108

Maple Grove Hot Springs Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalway Bay(HeldManhattan, Kansas: EnergyNo companies

109

Maple Ridge 1a Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalway Bay(HeldManhattan, Kansas: EnergyNo companiesa Wind Farm

110

Maple Ridge Wind Farm (2005 portion) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalway Bay(HeldManhattan, Kansas: EnergyNo companiesa Wind

111

Maple Ridge Wind Farm (2006 portion) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalway Bay(HeldManhattan, Kansas: EnergyNo companiesa Wind

112

Suzhou Red Maple Wind Blade Mould Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende NewSowitec do Brasil EnergiaSur de Renovables Jump

113

Maple Bluff, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellis a town in CarrollManteca,ChangeBluff, Wisconsin: Energy

114

Maple Glen, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellis a town in CarrollManteca,ChangeBluff, Wisconsin:

115

Maple Grove, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellis a town in CarrollManteca,ChangeBluff,

116

Maple Heights, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellis a town in CarrollManteca,ChangeBluff,city in Cuyahoga

117

Maple Heights-Lake Desire, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellis a town in CarrollManteca,ChangeBluff,city in

118

Maple Park, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellis a town in CarrollManteca,ChangeBluff,city inIllinois:

119

Maple Plain, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellis a town in CarrollManteca,ChangeBluff,city

120

Maple Ridge, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellis a town in

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alder maple willows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Maple Valley, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellis a town inRiver Energy LLC Jump to: navigation,

122

Matrix Agro Pvt Ltd MAPL | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellis a townLoadingMastic, New York:Matla Solar EnergyMatrix

123

Development of Three Reaction Methodologies En Route to Nitrogen Containing Heterocycles: a Diels-Alder/Schmidt, a DIels-Alder/Acylation and a Catalytic Intramolecular Schmidt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or DMSO 8% N 3 5 An activated azido diene, (E)-(6-azidohexa-1,3-dien-2-yloxy)trimethylsilane (10), was also prepared for investigation in this study (Scheme 8). The Michael addition of sodium azide to acrolein provided the azido aldehyde 7 in nearly... acyclic azido enones as starting materials (Scheme 9). Thus, 9 and 12 were synthesized in two steps from acrolein in a similar manner to silyloxydiene 10. This synthesis began with a Michael addition into acrolein and was followed by a Horner...

Hirt, Erin Elaine

2009-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

124

JASPERSE CHEM 341 TEST 4 VERSION 1 Conjugation, Diels-Alder, Aromaticity, Aromatic Reactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

byproducts). (21 points, 3 points each) SO3HHO HNO3, H 2SO4 O + 1. HNO3, H 2SO4 2. Cl2, AlCl 3 3. Fe, HCl 1

Jasperse, Craig P.

125

A combined intramolecular Diels-Alder/intramolecular Schmidt reaction: Formal synthesis of (+/-)-stenine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, PPh 3 , CH 2 Cl 2 ; (c) 1-phenyl- 1H-tetrazole-5-thiol, NaH, DMF; (d) m-CPBA, NaHCO 3 , CH 2 Cl 2 . [14] I. Paterson, K. S. Yeung, J. B. Smaill, Synlett 1993, 774-776. 8 [15] J. H. Boyer, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1951, 73, 5248-5252. [16] a) A. Greenberg...

Golden, Jennifer E.; Aubé , Jeffrey

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

E-Print Network 3.0 - alder alnus incana Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

collected from Populus angustifolia James, Populus tremuloides Michx., ... Source: Stiller, Volker - Department of Biological Sciences, Southeastern Louisiana University...

127

E-Print Network 3.0 - alder alnus glutinosa Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

... Source: Forest Research Agency of the UK Forestry Commission Collection: Renewable Energy 8 Abstract Field ectomycorrhizae of Naucoria escharoides on Alnus acuminata ("andean...

128

Theory of gated hemicarcerands and Diels-Alder reactions of tetrazines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tags with fluorogenic tetrazine cycloadditions. Angew. Chem.M. ; Fox, J. M. Tetrazine ligation: fast bioconjugationR. ; Hilderbrand, S. A. Tetrazine-based cycloadditions:

LIU, FANG

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

ALDER, COTTONWOOD, AND SYCAMORE DISTRIBUTION AND REGENERATION ALONG THE NACIMIENTO RIVER, CALIFORNIAI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. It and the San Antonio River have parallel courses, and each is a major tributary to the north-flowing Salinas-1977 drought, cattle concentra tions were excessively high and the range condi tion deteriorated. However

130

Vinylboranes as trans-dihydroxyethylene equivalents in Diels-Alder reactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Bicyclo[2. 2. 1]hept-5-en-2, 3-diol (54), . trans-3-Methyl-3-cyclohexen-1, 6-diol (55) . . REFERENCES VITA Page 65 66 66 67 68 69 69 70 70 71 72 73 74 74 75 77 80 LIST OF TABLES TABLE I Reaction Conditions and Yields of the Oxidized... is the opposite of vinyl-9-BBN, which forms mainly the meta-substituted product. 15 Scheme 10 CHs 3 1. 144 h, 85 C 2. HzOz, NaOH 63% CHs OH + SiMes 88: 12 CHs , , SiMes OH Other dialkyl-vinylboranes, such as vinyl-3, 6-dimethylborepane...

Redman, Aniko Maria

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

131

14TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON INSECT-PLANT INTERACTIONS Estimating direct resistance in willows against a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Product Research Laboratory, Department of Biology, University of Eastern Finland, PO Box 111, FIN-801 01, Joensuu, Finland Accepted: 16 January 2012 Key words: Salix, Chrysomelidae, salicylate, bioassay, leaf, making these plants suitable as bioenergy crops. However, Salix coppices are sensitive to herbivory

132

POLYGYNY AND EXTRA-PAIR PATERNITY IN A POPULATION OF SOUTHWESTERN WILLOW FLYCATCHERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, USA CAROL L. CHAMBERS, School of Forestry, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ 86011, USA TAD C

Theimer, Tad

133

Draft Umatilla/Willow Subbasin Plan May 28, 2004 Literature Cited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Umatilla Basin project, Oregon, planning report- final environmental impact statement. Pacific Northwest

134

Patterns of rhizosphere carbon flux in sugar maple (Acer saccharum) and yellow birch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Resources, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA Abstract Despite its importance in the terrestrial C for 4­6 h, and the 13 C label was chased through rhizosphere and bulk soil pools in organic and mineral, this process is regarded as a potentially responsive compo- nent to global change because it is sensitive

Phillips, Richard P.

135

Eigenvalues of matrices depending on a parameter and the Linset Maple library.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reduced form-based methods in order to solve the eigenvalue perturbation problem. Valuation reduced to the de#12;nition and the computation of a valuation reduced form of a matrix depending on a parameter to handle polynomial matrix fractions and perturbed matrices. In particular, it implements some valuation

Jeannerod, Claude-Pierre

136

J. Symbolic Computation (2000) 11, 1000 The Projective Noether Maple Package  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Dimension of a Projective Variety MARC GIUSTI , KLEMENS H¨AGELE , GR´EGOIRE LECERF , JO¨EL MARCHAND , BRUNO. Lecerf, J. Marchand and B. Salvy Having in mind the problem of determining the dimension, it seemed

137

Maple Sugar Bush Management and Biodiversity Conservation in Eastern Ontario, Canada .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis examines the extent to which sugar bush management in Eastern Ontario might contribute to biodiversity maintenance and conservation and therefore be promoted as… (more)

Clark, Kristin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Highly Enantioselective Syntheses of Functionalized r-Methylene--butyrolactones via Rh(I)-catalyzed Intramolecular Alder Ene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the utility of our methodology, we introduced various functional groups at the allylic position (Table 3). If R2 is an acetyl group, the desired product is a vinyl acetate-substituted -lactone. If R2 is an alkyl group, a vinyl ether is the corresponding product. Due to the wide applications of vinyl acetates

Zhang, Xumu

139

E-Print Network 3.0 - altitude podophyllum hexandrum Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fritillaria cirrhosa in the Zhongdian Tibetan Autonomous County... analysis of alder coppice production. Alder grows in the high altitudes of the northern temperate belt Source:...

140

Assessment of environmental effects of the coal used in the Seyitomer thermal power plant (Turkey) on white willow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermal power plants increase local pollution through SOx, NOx, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and oils containing primarily particulates (including heavy metals) and increase global pollution through CO{sub 2}, the greenhouse gas that causes global warming. These strong pollutants have harmful effects on living organisms and the entire ecosystem. In this study, we analysed the heavy metals iron (Fe), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), lead (Pb), nickel (Ni), and sulfur (S) induced by sulfur dioxide found in both the washed and unwashed leaves of Salix alba L. tree, grown in six distinct localities in the vicinity of the Seyitomer thermal power plant, to assess the environmental impact. All parameters were examined in the surface soils (0-30 cm), and the most intense concentration of the pollutants in both soils and leaves was observed to be in the direction of the prevailing wind.

Cicek, A.; Koparal, A.S. [Anadolu University, Eskisehir (Turkey). Applied Research Center for Environmental Problems

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alder maple willows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Effects of American Water Willow Establishment on Density, Growth, Diet, and Condition of Age-0 Largemouth Bass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Largemouth Bass in Kansas Reservoirs TIMOTHY R. STRAKOSH 1 U.S. Geological Survey, Kansas Cooperative Fish reservoirs are currently experiencing decreased sport fish production as a result of the typical aging Kansas reservoirs (.1,800 ha) for littoral zone habitat enhancement to mitigate sport fish losses

Gido, Keith B.

142

Application for CALS-CCE 2013 Summer Internship Title of project: Development of willow bioenergy crop outreach and educational materials.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the key informational points. The student will learn a great deal about perennial energy crop cultivation crop outreach and educational materials. Worksite location (CCE association or associations where and intended outcomes (no more than 5-10 sentences): There is great potential for expanded cultivation of shrub

Keinan, Alon

143

26 2010 Proceedings Symposium on Ash in North America GTR-NRS-P-72 STRIKE ONE! ALUMINUM. STRIKE TWO! MAPLE.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

26 2010 Proceedings Symposium on Ash in North America GTR-NRS-P-72 STRIKE ONE! ALUMINUM. STRIKE TWO) 431-2708 or email at jwiedenbeck@fs.fed.us. ALUMINUM BATS ... STRIKE ONE! The aluminum bat arrived percent of the overall bat market, were made out of aluminum. Likewise, the majority of adult bats

144

E-Print Network 3.0 - acer freemanii Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Legacy', but not for Southeastern Virginia Freeman maple Acer x freemanii Armstrong Two... Acer buergeranum Tough, pest-resistant Hedge maple Acer campestre Tolerates...

145

allochthonous plant contributions: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

mammals, especially where the maples grow more densely in open habitats. In commercial timber operations, shrub fields of Rocky Mountain maple often interfere with seedling...

146

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol modified polysulfone Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Polymeric Glasses Deposited by MAPLE Summary: by MAPLE Polysulfone glasses exhibited degradation due to high MW Steven Williams Kimberly Shepard Dr... deposition of...

147

Retro Diels-Alder Reactions of 5,6-Disubstituted-7-oxabicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-enes: Experimental and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the * Author for correspondence: Phone/fax: 615-898-2071/5182. Department of Chemistry, Middle Tennessee State

Kaszynski, Piotr

148

Phenylseleno Acrylate As A Novel Ethylene Equivalent for Diels-Alder Reactions And An ortho-Benzoquinone Cycloaddition Strategy Toward Morphine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

developed a one pot, catalytic process from acrolein (25).13 The less reactive acrolein 25 was activated by boronthe activating auxiliary. Acrolein was the most successful

Perez, Felix Rene

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Nickel-catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura reactions of unactivated halides with alkyl boranes and planar-chiral borabenzene catalysts for Diels-Alder reactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Part I describes the expansion in scope of a nickel-catalyzed coupling reaction of unactivated alkyl bromides and alkyl boranes to include unactivated alkyl chlorides. The new method is adapted for use outside of a glove ...

Lu, Zhe

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Permit Types, Tiers, and Parking Privileges 2012-2013 Alr 07-01-2012 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

loading permit from booth. M (motorcycle permit) Motorcycle Spaces ME (Maple Avenue Complex) Perimeter

151

GIS-based Multi-criteria Evaluation with Analytical Hierarchy Process to assess suitable areas for Willow Short Rotation Coppice production in Scotland   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In Scotland, agriculture remains the dominant form of land use in rural areas, indicating that the successful implementation of renewable energy strategies has the potential to provide opportunities for dedicated biomass ...

Maeda, Sayaka

152

Snapping Supernovae at z>1.7  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL-61879 Snapping Supernovae at z > 1.7 Greg Aldering,of California. Snapping Supernovae at z > 1.7 Greg Aldering,of very high redshift Type Ia supernovae for cosmology and

Aldering, Greg

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Finding Structure via Compression Jason L. Hutchens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structurevia Compression Jason L. Hutchens and Michael D. Alder (1998) Finding Structure via Compression. In D.M.W

154

2013NatureAmerica,Inc.Allrightsreserved. 1620 | VOL.8 NO.8 | 2013 | nature protocols  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

function, and trans-cyclooctene and tetrazine reagents for Diels-Alder are not as synthetically accessible

155

20 PLANET EARTH Autumn 2014 Bioenergy the name alone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rotation willow coppice (SRC) ­ across a network of sites. This included a land-use transition from grass

Brierley, Andrew

156

The University of Nottingham Severn Trent Water Ltd.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rotation willow coppice grown for biofuel. A range of Salix species will be examined. #12;Experimental Plan

Crout, Neil

157

A trial site planted with ash saplings. During the past year, Forest Research has continued to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, short-rotation forests and also the effects of harvesting on carbon fluxes in willow coppice. Process

158

Institutionen fr markvetenskap Publikationer 2001 Aktuell 2004-12-09  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-rotation willow coppice in relat to N-application, irrigation and soil type. Biomass and Bioenergi, 21, 155

159

Ris Energy Report 2 References chapter 3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). Nitrate leaching from lysimeter-grown short-rotation willow coppice in relation to N-appli- cation

160

UT, Knoxville Building Representatives (Updated November 13, 2013)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Jeff Maples 974-3061 jeff-maples@utk.edu 50122500 **Apartment Residence Hall 2117 Andy Holt Ave Ms@utk.edu depratt@utk.edu cjogle@utk.edu 50136500 Auxiliary Services 2021 Stephenson Drive Mr. Jack Williams 974

Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alder maple willows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

A FAST ALGORITHM FOR PROVING TERMINATING HYPERGEOMETRIC IDENTITIES *  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gosper's algorithm for* * indefinite hypergeometric summation . A MAPLE program implementing recently by Gasper and Rahman[G-R1]. A MAPLE program implementing the algorithm is available from explicitly, in the form QA

Zeilberger, Doron

163

SITE ADDRESS ALDO LEOPOLD ELEMENTARY 2602 POST RD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MAPLE GROVE RD CHEROKEE MIDDLE SCHOOL 4301 CHEROKEE DR CHILDREN'S SERVICE SOCIETY OF WI 1716 FORDEM AVE

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

164

Math527 Home  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PDE online solvers: Heat and wave equation · Purdue Blackboard · Course Webpage · software Remote (DACS), where you can find MAPLE!

165

Exploring Dark Energy with SNAP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

weak lensing survey. The planned dark energy program forthe Joint Dark Energy Mission (JDEM) will produce a treasureLBNL- 58276 Exploring Dark Energy with SNAP G. Aldering

Aldering, G.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

E-Print Network 3.0 - acyclic diols triols Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of cyclophane molecular sensors... -Diels-Alder reaction of electron deficient tetrazine 48 with benzene cis-diol to produce dihydrodiol containing the 1... -shift Scheme...

167

[4+2] cycloadditions of iminoacetonitriles : a general strategy for the synthesis of quinolizidines, indolizidines, and piperidines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Iminoacetonitriles participate as reactive dienophiles in intermolecular and intramolecular Diels-Alder cycloadditions leading to quinolizidines, indolizidines, and piperidines. The resultant a-amino nitrile cycloadducts ...

Maloney, Kevin M. (Kevin Matthew)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

The kinematics of falling maple seeds and the initial transition to a helical motion This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

seed falls in a characteristic helical motion. A crude analogy with autorotation of a wind turbine the vertical axis, leading to the gyration about the vertical axis and an opening of the cone angle before. The spiral motion appears to be stable against wind disturbance and is insensitive to the initial conditions

Wang, Z. Jane

169

E-Print Network 3.0 - alley cropping Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Pulp, Hybrid Poplar and Willows) Biomass... and Renewable Energy Hybrid Poplar BMP's Energy producing crops Alternative Perennial ... Source: Minnesota, University of -...

170

arctic national wildlife: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Refuge flora. Aggressive species such as narrow-leaved cattail (Typha angustifolia), common reed (Phragmites australis), and willow (Salix spp.), all prevalent on the Refuge,...

171

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid o-methyl transferase Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

rose iv) salicylate phenolic glycosides in willow, poplar... and functions (see RoadMap) 1. Simple phenolic acids - structure: benzoic acid derivatives (C6 + COOH) i... )...

172

E-Print Network 3.0 - acutifolia delile sene Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

'Pendulifolia' Weeping Willow 2 T10 2009071 Scutellaria resinosa 'Smoky Hills' 'Smoky Hills Source: O'Laughlin, Jay - Department of Forest Resources, University of Idaho...

173

Publications 1997-1999 Department of Soil Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and spacing in willow coppice systems. Biomass and Bioenergy 14, 149-156. Bergström, L. & Stenström, J. 1998

174

E-Print Network 3.0 - ailanthus altissima swingle Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

early invaders of old fields in our study area. Rates... preferences for red maple, white ash, and Ailanthus over white pine. Predation rates on small seedlings were... were...

175

E-Print Network 3.0 - ailanthus excelsa roxb Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

early invaders of old fields in our study area. Rates... preferences for red maple, white ash, and Ailanthus over white pine. Predation rates on small seedlings were... were...

176

Microsoft Word - Hopkins Ridge BAASA.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Maple Valley Substation and PSE's Talbot Substation. BPA would install audio isolation transformers at the cable crossconnect point to connect AGC suspend send and receive...

177

Climate and Transportation Solutions: Findings from the 2009 Asilomar Conference on Transportation and Energy Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 2 Climate and Transportation Solutions Chapter 3:Gas Emissions in the Transportation Sector by John Conti,Chase, and John Maples Transportation is the single largest

Sperling, Daniel; Cannon, James S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Magnetism and superconductivi[t]y in Pr-based filled skutterudite arsenides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.5 Superconductivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .and M. B. Maple, ”Superconductivity and non-Fermi liquidSAN DIEGO Magnetism and Superconductiviy in Pr-based Filled

Sayles, Todd Allen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

E-Print Network 3.0 - adult chicken lens Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tomatoes * Maple Glazed Chicken * Whole Grain and Wild Rice Roasted Root Vegetables Cranberry... of financial services. Menu: Chicken and Rice Soup * Sunflower Bread Spinach...

180

arid lands plants: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

provides considerable cover and nesting habitat for many game birds, songbirds, and small mammals, especially where the maples grow more densely in open habitats. In commercial...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alder maple willows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

LANL: AOT & LANSCE The Pulse April 2012  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(ORNL), and John Browne (former LANL director), in addition to Raymond Juzaitis (NSTec), Brian Maple (UC, San Diego), John Peoples (Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory),...

182

A procedure for finding the k-th power of a matrix  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give a new procedure in Maple for finding the k-th power of a martix. The algorithm is based on the article [1].

Branko Malesevic; Ivana Jovovic

2007-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

183

E-Print Network 3.0 - affine exterior algebra Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

exterior algebra and calculus follow ... Source: Bushnell, Colin J. - Department of Mathematics, King's College London Collection: Mathematics 2 EXTERIOR A MAPLE 101112 library...

184

acer saccharum saplings: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Websites Summary: Invasive Species Taxonomic Name: Acer platanoides Common Name: Norway maple Physical Description: Growth Type: Acer platanoides is a medium to large shade...

185

acer pseudoplatanus polymerizes: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Websites Summary: Invasive Species Taxonomic Name: Acer platanoides Common Name: Norway maple Physical Description: Growth Type: Acer platanoides is a medium to large shade...

186

E-Print Network 3.0 - aguacero-inia nuevo cultivar Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

U-7 1995 Beezy, Clifford David Maple, ... Source: O'Laughlin, Jay - Department of Forest Resources, University of Idaho Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 4 A...

187

E-Print Network 3.0 - aster ericoides cultivar Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Davis, Anna M. Verner... Davis R-11 2004 Acer platanoides , species & cultivars Maple, Norway species ... Source: O'Laughlin, Jay - Department of Forest Resources, University of...

188

E-Print Network 3.0 - algunos cultivares promisorios Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Davis, Anna M. Verner... Davis R-11 2004 Acer platanoides , species & cultivars Maple, Norway species ... Source: O'Laughlin, Jay - Department of Forest Resources, University of...

189

E-Print Network 3.0 - acuminata cultivars contrasting Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

species & cultivars Maple, Norway species ... Source: O'Laughlin, Jay - Department of Forest Resources, University of Idaho Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 5 A...

190

E-Print Network 3.0 - aster novi-belgii cultivars Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Davis, Anna M. Verner... Davis R-11 2004 Acer platanoides , species & cultivars Maple, Norway species ... Source: O'Laughlin, Jay - Department of Forest Resources, University of...

191

Bell's MA 527 Homework Solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

... Homework 12 · Homework 13 and MAPLE cheat sheets (mws,pdf); Homework 14. A collection of short Flash videos of homework hints from Bell about certain ...

192

E-Print Network 3.0 - adult green lacewings Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

they crawl sidewise like crabs. COMMON HOST PLANT (S): Beans... , lettuce, and potato. Also can damage shade trees such as maple DAMAGE: Adults and nymphs ... Source:...

193

Established 1980 A geographically-based living museum of documented  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demonstration Garden Camperdown Weeping Elms Black Spruce Incense Cedar Heathers Palouse Prairie Demonstration Maples Norway Spruce Charles Shattuck Arboretum Established 1910 Public Parking Red Barn WEST PALOUSE

Waits, Lisette

194

E-Print Network 3.0 - acer saccharum marsh Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

saccharum Marsh.) a atteint des proportions anormalement leves partout dans le nord de la... Overstory sugar maple (Acer ... Source: USDA Forest Service, Northeastern...

195

A turtle in a fractal garden 1 Turtle Graphics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are not a standard part of maple. Rather, they are in a #12;le \\turtle.txt" which we will examine in more detail

Sutherland, Scott

196

A turtle in a fractal garden 4.1 Turtle Graphics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

here are not a standard part of maple. Rather, they are in a file ``turtle.txt'' which we will examine

Sutherland, Scott

197

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute non-variceal upper Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tulane University Collection: Biology and Medicine 80 Acute O3 damage on first year coppice sprouts of aspen and maple sprouts in an open-air experiment Summary: )....

198

E-Print Network 3.0 - abscisic acid-dependent stomatal Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Biotechnology ; Biology and Medicine 80 Acute O3 damage on first year coppice sprouts of aspen and maple sprouts in an open-air experiment Summary: expanding...

199

Math303 Home  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

software Remote (DACS), where you can find MAPLE!! coolest video ever : vibrating ... PDE online solvers: Heat and wave equation · Drum vibration animation.

200

Chemical changes to leaf litter from trees grown under elevated CO2 and the implications for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

higher concentrations of carbohydrate-bound condensed tannins. Initially higher concentrations of soluble phenolic compounds in maple leaves were rapidly leached in stream water. However, higher concentrations

Kelly, John J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alder maple willows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

The Potential Wind Power Resource in Australia: A New Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Potential Wind Power Resource in Australia: A New Perspective Willow Hallgren, Udaya Bhaskar;1 The Potential Wind Power Resource in Australia: A New Perspective Willow Hallgren* , Udaya Bhaskar Gunturu intermittency can potentially be mitigated by the aggregation of geographically dispersed wind farms. Our

202

2011 Holiday Take Home Menu Main Courses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For 3 Days in Maple, Smoked & Slow Roasted with Maple Butter, Served with Cranberry Marmalade Serves 6, Grilled Leeks with a Herb Butter _____ Small $15.00 Serves 3-4 _____ Large $28.00 Serves 5-8 Cranberry Braised Winter Greens Tender Greens cooked with fresh cranberry and honey _____ Small $15.00 Serves 3

Mathis, Wayne N.

203

THE UMBRAL TRANSFER-MATRIX METHOD: II. Counting Plane Partitions Doron ZEILBERGER 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the umbra. In this article we describe the Maple package PPar that automatically constructs Umbral Schemes Evolution Umbra for monotone triangles. An Umbra for r-rowed plane partitions Recall that an r #2;k plane ) : For details study carefully the source code of the Maple package PPar. The next step is to #12;nd the pre-umbra

Zeilberger, Doron

204

Kellogg and Russ Forest projects. 2002 Project sand highlights  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

maple stand to be used for sugar maple production and tours. Creek research ­ effects of ozone levels Christmas trees ands ornimentals - assessing pH tolerance, drought resistance, insect and disease resistance in the soils of various land uses (forestry & agriculture). RUSS Update: Ruffed Grouse Management Habitat

205

Theoretical ELSEVIE; Theoretical Computer Science 187 ( 1997) 249-262  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MAPLE for the analysis of bifurcation phenomena in gas combustion A. El Hamidi",`, M. Garbeyb aD6 for a premixed burner flame. Many experimental and theoretical works in condensed-phase and gas combustion show of the symbolic manipulation language MAPLE for the analysis of bifurcation phenomena in gas combustion. It shows

Garbey, Marc

206

Cyclobutadiene–C[subscript 60] Adducts: N-Type Materials for Organic Photovoltaic Cells with High V[subscript OC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New tetraalkylcyclobutadiene–C[subscript 60] adducts are developed via Diels–Alder cycloaddition of C[subscript 60] with in situ generated cyclobutadienes. The cofacial ?-orbital interactions between the fullerene orbitals ...

Han, Ggoch Ddeul

207

Microsoft Word - 2014-04-21_CustomersProductsList  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1. Albion, City of Load Following 2. Alder Mutual Light Company Load Following 3. Ashland, City of Load Following 4. Asotin County PUD No. 1 Load Following 5. Bandon, City of...

208

E-Print Network 3.0 - andrew stepanov ilja Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Science 66 DielsAlder reactions between maleic anhydride and furan derivatives in supercritical CO2 Summary: . Cott,a Kirk J. Ziegler,a Vincent P. Owens,a Jeremy D. Glennon,a...

209

Total Synthesis of (?)-Himandrine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe the first total synthesis of (?)-himandrine, a member of the class II galbulimima alkaloids. Noteworthy features of this chemistry include a diastereoselective Diels?Alder reaction in the rapid synthesis of the ...

Movassaghi, Mohammad

210

The enantioselective total synthesis of (+)-Symbioimine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C 10 unit 45, a C 3 unit (acrolein), and tryptophan. The key3 H H NH 3 O N N H O O acrolein -H + N N Diels-Alder N N [

Born, Stephen Christopher

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkyl dimethyl benzyl Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

acceptable, but models show that it Summary: -Alder reaction of dimethyl 1,2,4,5-tetrazine-3,6-dicarboxylateand a subsequent in- tramolecular Diels... : the inverse electron...

212

18 MAY 2012 VOL 336 SCIENCE www.sciencemag.org814 PersPectiVes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wine, epigal- locatechin gallate from green tea, and capsa- icin from peppers, activate AMPK (2 EGCG Salicylate A769662 Hotpeppers Willow tree bark Green te a Red wine grapesFrenchlilac OH OH HO HO H

Cohen, Ronald C.

213

ANNUAL SYMBIOSIS WORKSHOP ---MAY 19-20TH , 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

:20-1:40 Sharon Lafferty Doty Nitrogen-Fixing Endophytes of Poplar and Willow:10 ­ 2:30 Carolin Frank Bacterial Endophytes of Forest Conifers: Specificity Interacting symbioses: leaf endophyte load and fungal garden development in leaf

Sachs, Joel

214

ANNUAL SYMBIOSIS WORKSHOP ---MAY 19-20TH , 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

:20-1:40 Sharon Lafferty Doty Nitrogen-Fixing Endophytes of Poplar and Willow Frank Bacterial Endophytes of Forest Conifers: Specificity and Adaptive symbioses: leaf endophyte load and fungal garden development in leaf-cutting ants · 2

Sachs, Joel

215

-A Science Service Feature ? WHYTHEWEATHER ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, bring out some buds and pussy willows, enliven the birds, and in- augurate the marble and baseball a good deal of freezing weather. Spring stays when the temperatures no longer fall sufficiently beloa

216

Archetypal energy landscapes: Dynamical diagnosis Florin Despa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Archetypal energy landscapes: Dynamical diagnosis Florin Despa Department of Chemistry, University studies have identified several motifs for potential energy surfaces corresponding to distinct dynamic and thermodynamic properties. The corresponding disconnectivity graphs were identified as ``palm tree,'' ``willow

Berry, R. Stephen

217

Accurate Camera Calibration from Multi-View Stereo and Bundle Adjustment Yasutaka Furukawa1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ponce2,1 Willow Team LIENS (CNRS/ENS/INRIA UMR 8548) Ecole Normale Sup´erieure, Paris, France2 Abstract the search for additional image correspondences and significantly improve camera calibration parameters using

218

CX-011374: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Willow Creek Building Pedestrian Bridge Replacement CX(s) Applied: B2.5 Date: 08/25/2009 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office

219

For Immediate Release --Friday, September 27, 2013 World Rivers Day: University of Lethbridge experts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

scarcity, and increasing demands due to human population and industrial activity of oil pollution, streamside trees like poplars and willows do not seem, and current considerations given the desire for the construction of more pipelines

Seldin, Jonathan P.

220

Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-INL-13-025.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4 EC Document No.: DOE-ID-INL-13-025 SECTION A. Project Title: Willow Creek Building Pedestrian Bridge Replacement SECTION B. Project Description: The purpose and need for the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alder maple willows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Conceptual Design of Optimized Fossil Energy Systems with Capture and Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Fossil Hydrogen Energy Systems with Carbon Capture andThe Implications Of New Carbon Capture And SequestrationW H SAMMIS WILLOW ISLAND TOTAL Carbon capture In the plant

Ogden, Joan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered cell surface Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the right-hand side Willow R. DiLuzio1,2 Summary: glass surfaces6,7 . On a semi-solid agar substrate, cells differentiate into an elongated... randomly over the surface of the...

223

Development of vocal tract length during early childhood: A magnetic resonance imaging studya)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Wisconsin-Madison, 1975 Willow Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 Lindell R. Gentry Department of Radiology pediatric cases ages birth to 6 years and 9 months and 12 adults. Results indicate a ongoing growth of all

Yandell, Brian S.

224

Summary Xylem vulnerability to cavitation is a promising criterion for identifying trees with high drought tolerance, but  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Summary Xylem vulnerability to cavitation is a promising criterion for identifying trees with high drought tolerance, but traditional techniques for measuring cavitation resistance are unsuitablefor throughput screening of cavitation resistance in five poplar (Populus spp.) andfour willow (Salix spp

Mencuccini, Maurizio

225

Mycologia, 96(6), 2004, pp. 13301338. 2004 by The Mycological Society of America, Lawrence, KS 66044-8897  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

temperate regions of North America. Sequences from internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of rDNA were, he noted that ``overlapping dimensions of spores and spore walls in Canadian willow rusts make

Blanchette, Robert A.

226

Our reference: JBB 2049 P-authorquery-v8 AUTHOR QUERY FORM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coppice (SRC) for farm-scale plant and invertebrate communities in the agri-environment Rebecca Rowe 1 (ground flora and winged invertebrates) varied between mature willow Short Rotation Coppice (SRC) and two

227

Modelling the UK perennial energy crop market   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biomass produced from perennial energy crops, Miscanthus and willow or poplar grown as short-rotation coppice, is expected to contribute to UK renewable energy targets and reduce the carbon intensity of energy production. ...

Alexander, Peter Mark William

2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

228

Approximate Bivariate Factorization, a Geometric Andre Galligo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INRIA) Laboratoire de Mathematiques Parc Valrose 06108 Nice cedex 02, France galligo@unice.fr Mark van, Maple Code 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 Approximate algebra Over the past ten years symbolic-numeric algorithms

Hoeij, Mark van

229

Function: Cliplus:-setup -the initialization procedure for the package 'Cliplus' Calling Sequence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, rational} _quatbasis = [[Id, e3we2, e1we3, e2we1], {`Maple has assigned qi:=-e2we3, qj:=e1we3, qk:=-e1we2

Ablamowicz, Rafal

230

E-Print Network 3.0 - als indikator fuer Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

.mathematik.tu-ilmenau.de (2) Fuer die Arbeit mit Programmen auf der "gauss" z.B. MATLAB (matlab), Maple (xmaple), LaTex (latex Source: Hoffmann, Armin - Fakultt fr...

231

E-Print Network 3.0 - adams view system Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ou Recherche avec licence Site INSA ou serveur de jetons ORACLE LabView... ABAQUS MATLAB MAPLE SOLID EDGE FEMAP NX-CAM ... Source: Stouls, Nicolas - Centre of Innovation in...

232

E-Print Network 3.0 - ausgewaehlter kuestenoekosysteme der Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

.mathematik.tu-ilmenau.de (2) Fuer die Arbeit mit Programmen auf der "gauss" z.B. MATLAB (matlab), Maple (xmaple), LaTex (latex... -d mathpc95.mathematik.tu-ilmenau.de:0&...

233

Food From The onn Dining Service  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Raw Fr esh Food From The Earth U C onn Dining Service s Available at: Bookworms Cafe & Wilbur's Cafe RAW FRESH FOOD FROM THE EARTH AVOCADO CHOCOLATE PUDDING Raw, Imported Cocoa Powder, Avocado, Maple

Alpay, S. Pamir

234

THE UMBRAL TRANSFER-MATRIX METHOD. IV. Counting SELF-AVOIDING POLYGONS And WALKS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, based on Gian-Carlo Rota's seminal notion of the umbra. In this arti* *cle we describe the Maple. 1 #12; the present case, by Gian-Carlo Rota (see [Z1]) who invented the umbra. Then th* *e task

Zeilberger, Doron

235

The umbral transfer-matrix method IV. Counting self-avoiding polygons and walks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Gian-Carlo Rota's seminal notion of the umbra. In this article we describe the Maple packages USAP]) who invented the umbra. Then the task remains to design an algorithm, and write a program implementing

Zeilberger, Doron

236

THE UMBRAL TRANSFER-MATRIX METHOD. IV. Counting SELF-AVOIDING POLYGONS And WALKS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, based on Gian-Carlo Rota's seminal notion of the umbra. In this article we describe the Maple packages; the present case, by Gian-Carlo Rota (see [Z1]) who invented the umbra. Then the task remains to design

Zeilberger, Doron

237

Courses Catalogue Page 1 of 8 Courses Catalogue  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2: Electromagnetism and thermodynamics Electrostatics, electric current, magnetostatics, time of solutions 9 PH0005 Theoretical Physics 1: Mechanics Trajectory, force, work, kinetic energy, Newton's laws in trees). Used programming languages: Maple, Java 4 Soft Skills Elective interdisciplinary course (e

238

Course information Department of Mathematics and Statistics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

' is allowed, check the FAQ. Mathematical software: In lectures, MATLAB and MAPLE will be used sets, linear dependence and independence, basis, dimension, rank of a matrix. · Eigenvectors; types of solutions. · Multivariable differentiation. Graphs of multivariable functions, tangent planes

Hickman, Mark

239

Vdume 31 Number 6 A Message from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

career that began in the late 1950s in the Fraser Valley community of Maple Ridge, where he was a teacher to teaching assistants. I am happy to announce the appointment of Dr. Daniel R. Birch, Dean of the Facultyof

Farrell, Anthony P.

240

E-Print Network 3.0 - assimilating assorted acquaintance Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ham Hash Brown Casserole BelgianWa e Maple Syrup Assorted Breads and Pastries Hot Potato Bar... Bean French Fries DeliSalad Bar Peanut Butter Pie Oatmeal Raisin Cookie...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alder maple willows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Popular Fruit Varieties, 2010 The following list was compiled by Bob Bors (U of S), Rick Sawatzky (U of S) and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Bounty Dayneutrals Tristar, Seascape (One season only?), Fern Everbearers Ogallalla, Fort Laramie (Home) Autumn Bliss (Too late in season, except Maple Creek) Dwarf Sour Cherry August, but Carmine Jewel may

Peak, Derek

242

E-Print Network 3.0 - ameliorates cisplatin-induced acute Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 24 Acute O3 damage on first year coppice sprouts of aspen and maple sprouts in an open-air experiment Summary: and larger leaf...

243

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute ozone injury Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 50 Acute O3 damage on first year coppice sprouts of aspen and maple sprouts in an open-air experiment Summary: is more...

244

E-Print Network 3.0 - aspen computer models Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sciences and Ecology ; Biology and Medicine 71 Acute O3 damage on first year coppice sprouts of aspen and maple sprouts in an open-air experiment Summary: Acute O3 damage...

245

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute necrotizing encephalopathy Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Medical School Collection: Biology and Medicine 76 Acute O3 damage on first year coppice sprouts of aspen and maple sprouts in an open-air experiment Summary: Acute O3 damage...

246

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute diffuse phlegmonous Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 61 Acute O3 damage on first year coppice sprouts of aspen and maple sprouts in an open-air experiment Summary: Acute O3 damage...

247

E-Print Network 3.0 - ameliorating oxidative damage Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Arizona State University Collection: Engineering 20 Acute O3 damage on first year coppice sprouts of aspen and maple sprouts in an open-air experiment Summary: in acute O3...

248

E-Print Network 3.0 - aba-mediated stomatal closure Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 65 Acute O3 damage on first year coppice sprouts of aspen and maple sprouts in an open-air experiment Summary: .rsc.orgjem...

249

E-Print Network 3.0 - ameliorates lps-induced acute Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Columbia University Collection: Biology and Medicine 67 Acute O3 damage on first year coppice sprouts of aspen and maple sprouts in an open-air experiment Summary: and larger leaf...

250

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects stomatal conductance Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 53 Acute O3 damage on first year coppice sprouts of aspen and maple sprouts in an open-air experiment Summary: the leaves were...

251

E-Print Network 3.0 - aba-induced stomatal closure Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 92 Acute O3 damage on first year coppice sprouts of aspen and maple sprouts in an open-air experiment Summary: .rsc.orgjem...

252

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid-dependent stomatal closure Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 59 Acute O3 damage on first year coppice sprouts of aspen and maple sprouts in an open-air experiment Summary: .rsc.orgjem...

253

E-Print Network 3.0 - aspen trees final Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Medicine ; Environmental Sciences and Ecology 82 Acute O3 damage on first year coppice sprouts of aspen and maple sprouts in an open-air experiment Summary: ) concentration...

254

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute fulminant necrotizing Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Review Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 63 Acute O3 damage on first year coppice sprouts of aspen and maple sprouts in an open-air experiment Summary: Acute O3 damage...

255

An investigation of the efficacy of service quality and its relationship to visitor satisfaction and future behavior in a zoological setting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

&hes have also examined the effectiveness and utilization of educational materials and programs, and the context of educational environments within zoos that support the acquisition of conservation attitudes and knowledge (Wineman, Piper, k Maple, 1996... of freedom and personal choice in selecting topics, routes through the zoo, and the pacing of stops at exhibits. Winernan, Piper, and Maple (1996) suggested that zoos should provide interactive experiences by making their exhibits more open...

Tomas, Stacy Renee

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Biomass power for rural development. Technical progress report, May 1, 1996--December 31, 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Developing commercial energy crops for power generation by the year 2000 is the focus of the DOE/USDA sponsored Biomass Power for Rural Development project. The New York based Salix Consortium project is a multi-partner endeavor, implemented in three stages. Phase-I, Final Design and Project Development, will conclude with the preparation of construction and/or operating permits, feedstock production plans, and contracts ready for signature. Field trials of willow (Salix) have been initiated at several locations in New York (Tully, Lockport, King Ferry, La Facette, Massena, and Himrod) and co-firing tests are underway at Greenidge Station (NYSEG). Phase-II of the project will focus on scale-up of willow crop acreage, construction of co-firing facilities at Dunkirk Station (NMPC), and final modifications for Greenidge Station. There will be testing of the energy crop as part of the gasification trials expected to occur at BED`s McNeill power station and potentially at one of GPU`s facilities. Phase-III will represent full-scale commercialization of the energy crop and power generation on a sustainable basis. Willow has been selected as the energy crop of choice for many reasons. Willow is well suited to the climate of the Northeastern United States, and initial field trials have demonstrated that the yields required for the success of the project are obtainable. Like other energy crops, willow has rural development benefits and could serve to diversify local crop production, provide new sources of income for participating growers, and create new jobs. Willow could be used to put a large base of idle acreage back into crop production. Additionally, the willow coppicing system integrates well with current farm operations and utilizes agricultural practices that are already familiar to farmers.

Neuhauser, E.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Biomass power for rural development. Technical progress report, Phase 2, July 1--September 30, 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The project undertaken by the Salix Consortium is a multi-phased, multi-partner endeavor. Phase 1 focused on initial development and testing of the technology and forging the necessary agreements to demonstrate commercial willow production. The Phase 1 objectives have been successfully completed: preparing final design plans for two utility pulverized coal boiler for 20 MW of biopower capacity; developing fuel supply plans for the project with a goal of establishing 365 ha (900 ac) of willow; obtaining power production commitments from the power companies for Phase 2; obtaining construction and environmental permits; and developing an experimental strategy for crop production and power generation improvements needed to assure commercial success. The R and D effort also addresses environmental issues pertaining to introduction of the willow energy system. Beyond those Phase 1 requirements, the Consortium has already successfully demonstrated cofiring at Greenidge Station and has initiated development of the required nursery capacity for acreage scale-up. In Phase 2 every aspect of willow production and power generation from willow biomass will be demonstrated. The ultimate objective of Phase 2 is to transition the work performed under the Biomass Power for Rural Development project into a thriving, self-supported energy crop enterprise.

Neuhauser, E.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

S3444D Syllabus Summer session 2011 S3444DOrganic Chemistry II Summer 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S3444D Syllabus Summer session 2011 S3444D­Organic Chemistry II Summer 2011 Lecture: 209 Havemeyer, MTWR 10:45 am to 12:20 pm Text: Organic Chemistry, John McMurry, 7th Edition Instructor: Fay Ng (office Date Book chapter topic 7/5 14 Conjugated compounds and Diels-Alder reaction 7/6 15 Benzene

Lin, Qiao

259

ACADEMIC SENATE COMMITTEE April 5, 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Stephen Lessnick, Edward M. Levine, Joelle Lien, Brad Lundahl, James Metherall, Joseph Metz, William C Torres, Margaret Wan, Donna White, Bryce Williams, Lindsay Williams, Seth Welborn, Braden York, Nick Floor, Kathryn Stockton, Martha Bradley, Stephen Alder, Sue Cantarini, Jeff Webb, Cathy Chambless

Capecchi, Mario R.

260

Energy use by biological protein transport pathways  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

residing within energy-conserving membranes use transmembrane ion gradients to drive substrate transport receptors impart specificity to a targeting route, and transport across or into the membrane is typicallyEnergy use by biological protein transport pathways Nathan N. Alder1 and Steven M. Theg2 1

Economou, Tassos

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alder maple willows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

All UC Campuses -Astronomers and Researchers Campus/LAB Name Observational Obs/Theory/Physics Email Address  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/Theory/Physics Email Address LBNL Aldering, Greg Optical/IR Obs galdering@lbl.gov LBNL Bailey, Steve BOSS Obs StephenBailey@lbl.gov LBNL Bebek, Chris SNAP Inst CJBebek@lbl.gov LBNL Borrill, Julian CMB computational jdborrill@lbl.gov LBNL Cahn, Robert Theory RNCahn@lbl.gov LBNL Carithers, Bill SNAP Physics WCCarithers@lbl.gov LBNL Kim

262

Professor Clive Brasier, Forest Research UK Scientific and operational flaws  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

circinatum, recently reported from Spain, Italy; now spread to Portugal? .. Photos: Joan Webber Forest and mortality of cork oaks and holm oaks in Spain and Portugal. Origin: Pacific-Celebes area. Phytophthora cinnamomi root disease of Q. ilex, Spain Photo Forest Research UK #12;Phytophthora alni sp. nov. on alder

263

Kinetic isotope effects, dynamic effects, and mechanistic studies of organic reactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ŹÂ?-conjugating substituent is distal to the oxazolidinone but decreased steric interaction when the ĂŹÂ?-conjugating substituent is proximal to the oxazolidinone. Dynamic effects were studied in Diels-Alder reaction between acrolein and methyl vinyl ketone. This reaction...

Wang, Zhihong

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

264

EN-019 Silviculture March 2003 Effects of Phosphorus Fertilization on the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plantations By Kevin R. Brown, Ph.D., R.P. Bio. and Paul J. Courtin, M.F., R.P.F. KEYWORDS: red alder Bong.) is the most widespread hardwood tree species in low- elevation forests of coastal British Colum seedlings were fertilized with P (but not other elements) within a year of planting, tree volumes in

265

Multicomponent Reactions in Total Synthesis Kevin Allan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Ugi Reaction · Cycloadditions · Povarov Reaction · Knoevenagel / Hetero-Diels-Alder Cycloaddition · 1-VCH; Weinheim, 2005. Orru, R. V. A.; de Greef, M. Synthesis 2003, 10, 1471-1499. Ugi, I. Pure Appl. Chem. 2001, 73, 187-191. Bienaymé, H.; Hulme, C.; Oddon, G.; Schmitt, P. Chem. Eur. J. 2000, 6, 3321-3329. Ugi, I

Stoltz, Brian M.

266

Template for SYNLETT and SYNTHESIS Thieme Stuttgart New York 2009-04-27 page 1 of 5 Abstract: The synthesis of the first vinyltetrazine derivative is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract: The synthesis of the first vinyltetrazine derivative is described. 3,6-Divinyl-1,2,4,5-tetrazine on high-nitrogen polymers, it appeared that tetrazine-containing polymers had been largely unexplored,4 although tetrazines are known for their ability to react in inverse demand Diels- Alder reactions,5

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

267

Appendix List for Upper Middle Mainstem Columbia River Appendix A. WNHP. 2003.Known High Quality or Rare Plant Communities and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and wetland ecosystems of the UMM Subbasin, WA. SCIENTIFIC NAME COMMON NAME Abies amabilis - Tsuga mertensiana shrubland (provisional) Sitka alder #12;SCIENTIFIC NAME COMMON NAME Artemisia arbuscula / Festuca idahoensis dwarf-shrub herbaceous vegetation Low sagebrush /Idaho fescue Artemisia rigida / Poa secunda dwarf

268

November 2010 Minnesota Crop Cost & Return Guide for 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

funding was provided by the state of Minnesota's ReInvest in Minnesota Clean Energy Program. #12, and alfalfa hay) as well as potential energy crops (grassland crops, hybrid poplar trees, willow trees using the Bureau of Labor Statistics producer price index and the USDANASS index of prices paid

Minnesota, University of

269

Increased European biofuel cultivation could harm human health1 by James Morgan for www.scienceomega.com2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Increased European biofuel cultivation could harm human health1 by James Morgan for www that the large-scale production of biofuels in4 Europe could result in increased human mortality and crop losses that many biofuel plant species, including poplar and willow, release more isoprene ­ an6 ozone precursor

South Bohemia, University of

270

Upper Snake Provincial Assessment May 2004 APPENDIX 3-1--OVERVIEW OF THE MAJOR CAUSES LIMITING THE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Upper Snake­Rock, Portneuf, Blackfoot, Willow, Teton, Beaver­Camas, and the Upper and Lower Henrys Fork province. (Source: ICBEMP 1997.) Major Hydrologic Unit (Watershed)a Snake Headwaters Subbasin Relative province. (Source GAP II, Scott et al. 2002) Focal Habitat Type High Low Medium Very High Very Low Riparian

271

Molecular population genetics and epidemiology of Ceratocystis fagacearum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the other population represented a sexually active disease center. Three polymorphic RFLP loci were found. Only one population, Willow Springs, had more than 1 allele present at the RFLP loci. Very low levels of variation (G = 1, 1, and 11.69) were detected...

Ivors, Kelly Lynn

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Impacts of Land-Use and Biofuels Policy on Climate: Temperature and Localized Impacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Impacts of Land-Use and Biofuels Policy on Climate: Temperature and Localized Impacts Willow on recycled paper #12;1 Impacts of Land-Use and Biofuels Policy on Climate: Temperature and Localized Impacts to agricultural production, including growing biofuels, and (ii) Observed Land Supply Response (OLSR

273

CX-009235: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Willow Creek - Granby Tap 2.4 Kilovolt Distribution Line Structure 0/3A Pole Replacement Project CX(s) Applied: B4.6 Date: 09/20/2012 Location(s): Colorado Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Rocky Mountain Region

274

Influence of Mitochondria Origin on Fruit Quality in a Citrus Cybrid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Influence of Mitochondria Origin on Fruit Quality in a Citrus Cybrid JEAN-BAPTISTE BASSENE, LILIANE, and carotenoid are the most important indicators of fruit taste and nutritional and organoleptic quality. These components were studied on fruit pulp of the cybrid between Willow leaf mandarin (Citrus deliciosa Ten

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

275

Acknowledgments The National Reading Panel wishes to express its gratitude to the following individuals for their contributions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.D. Linnea Ehri, Ph.D. Gwenette Ferguson, M.Ed. Norma Garza, C.P.A. Michael L. Kamil, Ph.D. Cora Bagley.D. Joanna Williams, Ph.D. Dale Willows, Ph.D. Joanne Yatvin, Ph.D. MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL READING PANEL Comprehension Michael L. Kamil, Chair Gwenette Ferguson Norma Garza Thomas Trabasso JoannaWilliams Fluency S

Rau, Don C.

276

The Wood-Based Biorefinery in a Petroleum Depleted World  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3 Year Old Willow #12;14 14 Woody Biomass Feedstocks Sustainably harvested low value wood from, Sustainable Bioproducts: Fuels, Chemicals, Materials Renewable Resources to "Green" Bio-Products Woody Biomass Feedstock #12;5 5 Spindletop at Beaumont, TX Circa late 1890's Birth of the Petroleum Industry in Texas

Chatterjee, Avik P.

277

Contra Costa Santa Clara  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pico Energy Center El Centro Unit 3 (RP) Black Rock 1, 2 & 3 Geothermal Blythe 2 Comb. Cycle (E Tracy Willow Pass GWF Tracy Lodi Energy Center Lodi Energy Center Mariposa Energy Mariposa Energy. Station ON HOLD Lodi Energy Center Russell City GWF Hanford Combined Cycle Amendment Avenal Energy

278

Cornell University, Office of Sponsored Programs Awards Received in January 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, RONALD OMEA NYS (NYSEDUC) COLLEGIATE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ENTRY PROGRAM (CSTEP) $57,578 LLB 52662 BOOR ELECTRONICS $56,000 MCH 60866 BURR, THOMAS J PLTPATH-G NYS (NYSERDA) S.M.A.R.T. WILLOW SYSTEM: ARRA FUNDING,000 KLH 62251 CLARK, ANDREW G. MOLECULAR BIO-E U OF TEXAS SYS BUILDING ON GWAS FOR NHLBI

Hemami, Sheila S.

279

Biomass power for rural development: Phase 2. Technical progress report, April 1--June 30, 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The project undertaken by the Salix Consortium is a multi-phased, multi-partner endeavor. Phase-1 focused on initial development and testing of the technology and agreements necessary to demonstrate commercial willow production in Phase-2. The Phase-1 objectives have been successfully completed: preparing final design plans for two utility pulverized coal boilers, developing fuel supply plans for the project, obtaining power production commitments from the power companies for Phase-2, obtaining construction and environmental permits, and developing an experimental strategy for crop production and power generation improvements needed to assure commercial success. The R and D effort also addresses environmental issues pertaining to introduction of the willow energy system. Beyond those Phase-1 requirements the Consortium has already successfully demonstrated cofiring at Greenidge Station and developed the required nursery capacity for acreage scale-up. This past summer 105 acres were prepared in advance for the spring planting in 1998. Having completed the above tasks, the Consortium is well positioned to begin Phase-2. In phase-2 every aspect of willow production and power generation from willow will be demonstrated. The ultimate objective of Phase-2 is to transition the work performed under the Rural Energy for the Future project into a thriving, self-supported energy crop enterprise.

Neuhauser, E.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

INNOVATIVE, DIVERSIFIED AGROFORESTRY PLANTINGS IN SUPPORT OF ENERGY SECURITY, ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be able to provide feedstocks to support the development of alternative energy industries and also create sustainable agroecosystems. Such systems could provide long-term carbon storage, habitat for wildlife and non willow clones were planted Poplar clone NM6 (Populus maximowiczii x P. nigra) Characteristics Cold

Weiblen, George D

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alder maple willows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Gerding Edlen Development Gerding Edlen Development Company, LLC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and private sector · Some of the most complex projects in the US · First Historic LEED Platinum, Largest LEED Rainwater Harvesting & Reuse 7 Ventless Dryers 1 Wastewater Treatment 2 Gerding Edlen Development Company PCC Willow Creek #12;6 INTEGRATED WIND WASTEWATER TREATMENT CENTRALIZED CHILLED

282

FACT SHEETUNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FARM SERVICE AGENCY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and forest lands will be rededicated to new shrub willow planting for biomass purposes. To support shrub enrollment. The 3,500 acres will be planted in 2013 and 2014 to provide a steady supply of this biomassFACT SHEETUNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FARM SERVICE AGENCY Page 1 June 2012 Biomass Crop

Keinan, Alon

283

Establishment phase greenhouse gas emissions in short rotation woody biomass plantations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to short-rotation woody biomass crops (SRWC) for bioenergy in the Northern U.S. Lake States. GHG debts-rotation woody bio- energy crops (SRWC), specifically hybrid-poplar (Populus spp.) and willow (Salix spp.), being in the Northern Lake States, USA Marin M. Palmer a, *, Jodi A. Forrester a , David E. Rothstein b , David J

Turner, Monica G.

284

Interview of Keith Thomas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at knowing what you should read up to the age of nine, so I read works like 'The Wind in the Willows' and 'Treasure Island', classic children's stories; I then started reading a lot of popular history such as Marshall's 'Our Island Story' and 'The Boys Book...

Thomas, Keith

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

The role of mycorrhizal fungi in the uptake of heavy metals by Salix. A preproposal for the McIntire-Stennis Research Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, either to protect the willow against heavy metal toxicity, or to sequester the heavy metals fromThe role of mycorrhizal fungi in the uptake of heavy metals by Salix. A preproposal for the Mc fungi produce bioactive peptides (e.g. siderophores or phytochelatins) in response to heavy metal stress

Chatterjee, Avik P.

286

The Open Inorganic Chemistry Journal, 2008, 2, 11-17 11 1874-0987/08 2008 Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in memory applications [8] and metal gate electrodes [6,9] because of its low resistivity and high thermal Rohm and Haas Electronic Materials, 60 Willow Street, North Andover, MA 01845, USA 2 Centre for Materials Science and Nanotechnology, University of Oslo, PO Box 1033, Oslo N-0315, Norway 3 IBM

287

Section 4. Inventory Table of Contents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Section 4. Inventory Table of Contents 4.1 Existing Legal Protections........................................................................................................... 14 #12;Draft Umatilla/Willow Subbasin Plan May 28, 2004 4. Inventory of Existing Activities The following section contains information derived from an inventory questionnaire that was sent

288

Early Secondary Succession in Bottomland Hardwood Forests of Southeastern Virginia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- nating as coppice on stumps leftover from the clear-cut. In particular, the bottomland hardwood stands were regenerat- ing predominantly as coppice, while the cypress/tupelo and black willow stands were regenerating primarily as seedlings. As indicated by the earlier development of overstory basal area, coppice

Newman, Michael C.

289

Learning to Estimate and Remove Non-uniform Image Blur Florent Couzinie-Devy1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

images, especially under low light conditions. It is therefore de- sirable to model the blurring process.1 We limit our attention to defocus and linear (say, hori- WILLOW project-team, D´epartement d in the foreground (left), and a moving bus before a static background (right) respectively. zontal) motion blur

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

290

The Potential Wind Power Resource in Australia: A New Perspective*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Potential Wind Power Resource in Australia: A New Perspective* Willow Hallgren, Udaya Bhaskar: globalchange@mit.edu Website: http://globalchange.mit.edu/ #12;The Potential Wind Power Resource in Australia density, and analyzes the variation of these characteristics with current and potential wind turbine hub

291

Survey of Critical Wetlands and Riparian Areas in Dolores County Colorado Natural Heritage Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Survey of Critical Wetlands and Riparian Areas in Dolores County Colorado Natural Heritage Program 2005 #12;Survey of Critical Wetlands and Riparian Areas in Dolores County Prepared for: Colorado photograph: Riverine wetlands dominated by Mountain Willow along Fish Creek, SJNF. Photo taken by Sarah

292

Salt River (Rio Salado Oeste), Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and cottonwood/willow, mesquite, and wetland cover types restored throught the project area. Two old gravel pit lakes would also be restored to wetland and riparian complexes. The plan also includes control) of reclaimed effluent from the 23rd Avenue Waste Water Treatment Plant, and by harvesting of storm water

US Army Corps of Engineers

293

A Novel Slurry-Based Biomass Reforming Process Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project was focused on developing a catalytic means of producing H2 from raw, ground biomass, such as fast growing poplar trees, willow trees, or switch grass. The use of a renewable, biomass feedstock with minimal processing can enable a carbon neutral means of producing H2 in that the carbon dioxide produced from the process can be used in the environment to produce additional biomass. For economically viable production of H2, the biomass is hydrolyzed and then reformed without any additional purification steps. Any unreacted biomass and other byproduct streams are burned to provide process energy. Thus, the development of a catalyst that can operate in the demanding corrosive environment and presence of potential poisons is vital to this approach. The concept for this project is shown in Figure 1. The initial feed is assumed to be a >5 wt% slurry of ground wood in dilute base, such as potassium carbonate (K2CO3). Base hydrolysis and reforming of the wood is carried out at high but sub-critical pressures and temperatures in the presence of a solid catalyst. A Pd alloy membrane allows the continuous removal of pure , while the retentate, including methane is used as fuel in the plant. The project showed that it is possible to economically produce H2 from woody biomass in a carbon neutral manner. Technoeconomic analyses using HYSYS and the DOE's H2A tool [1] were used to design a 2000 ton day-1 (dry basis) biomass to hydrogen plant with an efficiency of 46% to 56%, depending on the mode of operation and economic assumptions, exceeding the DOE 2012 target of 43%. The cost of producing the hydrogen from such a plant would be in the range of $1/kg H2 to $2/kg H2. By using raw biomass as a feedstock, the cost of producing hydrogen at large biomass consumption rates is more cost effective than steam reforming of hydrocarbons or biomass gasification and can achieve the overall cost goals of the DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Program. The complete conversion of wood to hydrogen, methane, and carbon dioxide was repeatedly demonstrated in batch reactors varying in size from 50 mL to 7.6 L. The different wood sources (e.g., swamp maple, poplar, and commercial wood flour) were converted in the presence of a heterogeneous catalyst and base at relatively low temperatures (e.g., 310 �������°C) at sub-critical pressures sufficient to maintain the liquid phase. Both precious metal and base metal catalysts were found to be active for the liquid phase hydrolysis and reforming of wood. Pt-based catalysts, particularly Pt-Re, were shown to be more selective toward breaking C-C bonds, resulting in a higher selectivity to hydrogen versus methane. Ni-based catalysts were found to prefer breaking C-O bonds, favoring the production of methane. The project showed that increasing the concentration of base (base to wood ratio) in the presence of Raney Ni catalysts resulted in greater selectivity toward hydrogen but at the expense of increasing the production of undesirable organic acids from the wood, lowering the amount of wood converted to gas. It was shown that by modifying Ni-based catalysts with dopants, it was possible to reduce the base concentration while maintaining the selectivity toward hydrogen and increasing wood conversion to gas versus organic acids. The final stage of the project was the construction and testing of a demonstration unit for H2 production. This continuous flow demonstration unit consisted of wood slurry and potassium carbonate feed pump systems, two reactors for hydrolysis and reforming, and a gas-liquid separation system. The technical challenges associated with unreacted wood fines and Raney Ni catalyst retention limited the demonstration unit to using a fixed bed Raney Ni catalyst form. The lower activity of the larger particle Raney Ni in turn limited the residence time and thus the wood mass flow feed rate to 50 g min-1 for a 1 wt% wood slurry. The project demonstrated continuous H2 yields with unmodified, fixed bed Raney Ni, from 63% to 100% with correspond

Sean C. Emerson; Timothy D. Davis; A. Peles; Ying She; Joshua Sheffel; Rhonda R. Willigan; Thomas H. Vanderspurt; Tianli Zhu

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

294

EVERY REAL ELLIPSOID IN C2 ADMITS CR UMBILICAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, RootOf, `^`, constant, function, rational, mathfunc} _quatbasis = [[Id, e3we2, e1we3, e2we1], {`Maple has assigned qi:=-e2we3, qj:=e1we3, qk:=-e1we2`}] `************* End *************` `>>> Global

Ji, Shanyu

295

Vector bundles on curves over Cp Annette Werner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, rational, indexed, numeric, RootOf, mathfunc, `^`} _quatbasis = [[Id, e3we2, e1we3, e2we1], {`Maple has assigned qi:=-e2we3, qj:=e1we3, qk:=-e1we2`}] `************* End *************` `>>> Global variables

Werner, Annette

296

A Growing Affair 2012 Plant List -Trees & Shrubs Availability subject to change. Page 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) shiny, dark green leaves z6 sun, moist,well-drained soil B.C. to California Abutilon Flowering Maple Common Boxwood 15' (5m) small yellow-green flowers spring z6 pt.shade fertile, well-drained soil Europe Tea to 36" (90cm) dull white flowers m summer z7 sun well drained,fertile soil sheltered from strong

Michelson, David G.

297

Nonlinear Optimization in Modeling Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dec 16, 2004 ... processes, including also living organisms of all scales. .... of a complex system of program code, stochastic simulation, .... Maple (Maplesoft, 2004), Mathematica (Wolfram Research, 2004), and MATLAB (The ..... Edgar, T.F., Himmelblau, D.M., and Lasdon, L.S. (2001) Optimization of Chemical Processes.

Administrator

2005-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

298

MATLAB Introduction MATLAB is an interactive program that can be used to calculate various scientific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MATLAB Introduction MATLAB is an interactive program that can be used to calculate various, there is a family of MATLAB programs, including various toolboxes. For instance, the Control Systems Toolbox allows the user to design and test control systems. The Symbolic Maths Toolbox allows MATLAB to call Maple

Mitchell, Richard

299

Green Chemistry Dynamic Article Links Cite this: Green Chem., 2011, 13, 91  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Green Chemistry Dynamic Article Links Cite this: Green Chem., 2011, 13, 91 www.rsc.org/greenchem PAPER Renewable gasoline from aqueous phase hydrodeoxygenation of aqueous sugar solutions prepared In this paper we demonstrate an integrated process for the production of high octane gasoline from maple wood

California at Riverside, University of

300

On the Complexity of the Montes Ideal Factorization Algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into two main variations, the "one-element" method [8] and the "two-element" method [16]. Versions of the one-element method are used by Maple and PARI. The two-element method is used, e.g., by Magma an alternative to the methods based on ideas of Zassen- haus. A familiar application of Newton polygons gives

Ford, David

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alder maple willows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Getting Started with Mathematica Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and computer. Every command, function, option, button, menu, or object in Mathematica fits into this philosophy, generalization, and pattern discovery. If you feel you do not fit this profile, you might want to learn Maple -> Open Select Open from the File menu. 3,Ctl-6,5 Press 3, then hold the Control key and press 6

Barkana, Rennan

302

June 2014 Newell Drive Menu c:\\users\\hmonkhorst\\appdata\\local\\microsoft\\windows\\temporary internet files\\content.outlook\\azxec63b\\june  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sandwich on Wheat S: Graham Crackers, Peaches 16 17 18 19 20 B: Cold Cereal, Orange Juice, Milk L: Latin Turkey Breast w/ Gravy, Maple Caramelized Carrots, Whole Wheat Penne Pasta, Crushed Pineapple, Milk Meat Alt- Dinner Roll S: Birthday Day Snack Angel Food Cake, Vanilla Ice Cream 23 24 25 26 27 B: Cold

Zapletal, Jindrich

303

March 2014 Newell Drive Menu \\\\ad.ufl.edu\\hr\\home\\agould\\desktop\\march 2014.docx  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dairy Alt- Turkey Sandwich on Wheat S: Birthday Day Snack Angel Food Cake, Vanilla Ice Cream 24 25 26 27: Oatmeal, Bananas, Milk L: Roasted Turkey Breast w/ Gravy, Maple Caramelized Carrots, Whole Wheat Penne Alt- Turkey Sandwich on Wheat S: Vanilla Wafers, Peaches B: Banana Muffin, Crushed Pineapple, Milk L

Jawitz, James W.

304

A survey of the PEPA tools Stephen Gilmore Jane Hillston  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-to-one correspondence with the states of the deriva- tion graph of a PEPA process as specified by the operational exported its results as the in- finitessimal generator matrices of CTMC, represented in the matrix formats used by numerical computing platforms such as Maple, Matlab and Math- ematica. This format had

Gilmore, Stephen

305

Improved Connectivity using Hybrid Uni/Omni-Directional Antennas in Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In partial fulfillment of the requirements of the UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOWS April 2008 Major: Electrical Engineering ii ABSTRACT Improved Connectivity using Hybrid Uni/Omni-Directional Antennas in Sensor Networks (April 2008... environments: MATLAB, Maple Design automation tools: SIMULINK, PSpice, MAX+PLUS II LEADERSHIP & ACTIVITIES Student Engineers’ Council Undergraduate Curriculum Committee, Dept. of Computer Science Computing Service Advisory Committee, Dept. of Computer...

Kwon, Ji Heon

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

306

National Center for Environmental Health Division of Emergency and Environmental Health Services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

staff. EPHOC Target Audiences · New-hire environmental public health professional with a science major). · Occupational Safety and Health (Elizabeth Maples, UAB School of Public Health Environmental Health SciencesNational Center for Environmental Health Division of Emergency and Environmental Health Services

307

Towards A Mathematical Services Description Olga Caprotti  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards A Mathematical Services Description Language Olga Caprotti Wolfgang Schreiner Research Introduction In the recent years, mathematical software systems, i.e., computer algebra systems like Maple. There are numerous examples in the literature of scien- ti#12;c software needing access to computer algebra methods

308

The TauPToo~kit:Flexib/e Seismic Travel-time and Ray-path Utilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The TauPToo~kit:Flexib/e Seismic Travel-time and Ray-path Utilities H. Philip Crotwell, Thomas studies. These factors highlight the need for versatile utilities that allow the calculation of travel to implement this approach. We used Maple (Heal etal., 1996), a symbolic mathematics utility, to help convert

Cerveny, Vlastislav

309

The University of Iowa College of Engineering Engineering Professional Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Honeywell Des Plaines, IL Hydrite Chemical Co. Waterloo, IA IATL: Center for Global Environmental Research Argonne National Laboratory Argonne, IL Barr Engineering Minneapolis, MN Boston Scientific Maple Grove, MN Decatur, IL Caterpiller Mossville, IL Caterpiller Peoria, IL Cedar River Paper Company Cedar Rapids, IA

Jacob, Mathews

310

Kenneth D. Forbus Qualitative Reasoning Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Northwestern University 1890 Maple Avenue, Evanston, IL, 60201 Abstract Qualitative reasoners have been use of qualitative reasoning by engineers, scientists, and plain folks suggests that tractable: By tightly integrating numerical and qualitative models, behavior can be ex- plained as well as predicted

Forbus, Kenneth D.

311

Modeling infant learning via symbolic structural alignment Sven E. Kuehne (skuehne@ils.nwu.edu)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling infant learning via symbolic structural alignment Sven E. Kuehne (skuehne@ils.nwu.edu) Department of Computer Science, Northwestern University 1890 Maple Avenue, Evanston, IL 60201 USA Dedre, IL 60201 USA Kenneth D. Forbus (forbus@ils.nwu.edu) Department of Computer Science, Northwestern

Forbus, Kenneth D.

312

Gluten-Free Dining Guide Use this guide to find glutenfree selectionsin the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Pickles&Pickle Relish Ranch Dip SaladDressing(Hellman's) Sour Cream(all varieties) Syrup(all varieties RaspberryVinaigrette Maple Vinaigrette PhilippeMaisonDressing PoppySeedDressing Ranch Dressing tortillachips,etc. Salad Bar All saladbar itemsare glutenfree except: 1000 Island Croutons CaesarDressing Fat

Shyy, Wei

313

INVENTORY FOR ELGAR COURT FLAT NO. BLOCK NO. ROOM NO.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INVENTORY FOR ELGAR COURT FLAT NO. BLOCK NO. ROOM NO. Staff on the Vale Village try to ensure and cleaned to a high standard. Please make sure that you complete this inventory and note down anything which rail x 1 INVENTORY FOR MAPLE BANK FLAT NO: BLOCK NO: ROOM NO: NAME: TELEPHONE EXT. NO: #12;How

Birmingham, University of

314

Ris National Laboratory DTU Optics and Plasma Research Department  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Risø National Laboratory DTU Postprint Optics and Plasma Research Department 2007 Paper: www (MAPLE) K Rodrigo1,2, J Schou1#, B Toftmann1 and R Pedrys2 1 Department of Optics and Plasma Research Department of Optics and Plasma Research, Risø National Laboratory, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark 2 Institute

315

Environmental Health and Safety COLORADO SCHOOL OF MINES Colorado School of Mines GOLDEN, COLORADO 80401-1887  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental Health and Safety COLORADO SCHOOL OF MINES Colorado School of Mines GOLDEN, COLORADO AND REMEDIATION PROJECT - SOUTH SIDE OF CLEAR CREEK Dear Mr. Glueck: The Colorado School of Mines Research to the environmental project, the Colorado School of Mines has constructed road base improvements between Maple

316

GREEN MOUNTAIN MORRIS DANCERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mountain (boys) and Maple Leaf (girls) will be recruiting new members in January 2009, typically 6th grade to Chris.Levey@dartmouth.edu. Morris dancing is an energetic stick clashing, bell ringing, handkerchief, 2008: New England Folk Festival (NEFFA) Perform Saturday 3-4pm at the main entrance. May 1, 2008

317

Electroabsorption measurements and built-in potentials in amorphous silicongermanium solar cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-1130 S. Guha and J. Yang United Solar Systems Corporation, 1100 West Maple Road, Troy, Michigan 48084Electroabsorption measurements and built-in potentials in amorphous silicon­germanium solar cells J spectra in n-i-p solar cells with hydrogenated amorphous silicon­germanium alloy absorber layers. At lower

Schiff, Eric A.

318

Practice Problems 12: Answers 1. Kansas can be modelled as a rectangle of length 500 miles and of height 300 miles. The population density  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Calculus I Practice Problems 12: Answers 1. Kansas can be modelled as a rectangle of length 500 x3 3 500 0 ¢ 4 25 million 2. A pencil sharpener is made by drilling a cone out of a sphere computation is arithmetically tedious, and is best done on the computer (I used MAPLE). PSfrag replacements -1

McKay, Benjamin

319

Carbohydrate Polymers 92 (2013) 334344 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, at a price of less than $80 per dry ton for forestry biomass and less than $60 per dry ton for agricultural biomass ("U.S. Billion-Ton Update: Biomass Supply for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry," 2011). Consis: Biomass Supply for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry," 2011). Red maple (Acer rubrum), also known

California at Riverside, University of

320

Quantitative analyses of plant remains from the NAN Ranch Ruin, Grant County, New Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cottonwood, ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Lawson), oak, unspecified pine, Douglas fir [Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco], boxelder, walnut, ash, and alder in macrobotanical samples from the NAN Ranch Ruin. Ponderosa pine and Douglas fir, typical... (N440/W510) consisted of 1.00 m2 stratigraphic blocks that were excavated in 10 cm levels. Late Pithouse midden deposits in the Southeast Midden area were 60 to 80 cm thick and contained ash lenses that Shafer (1991a:4,6) attributed to fire...

Rose, Carolyn June

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alder maple willows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

New Light on Dark Energy (LBNL Science at the Theater)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

A panel of Lab scientists ? including Eric Linder, Shirly Ho, and Greg Aldering ? along with Andrew Fraiknoi, the Bay Area's most popular astronomy explainer, gathered at the Berkeley Repertory Theatre on Monday, April 25, 2011, for a discussion about "New Light on Dark Energy." Topics will include hunting down Type 1a supernovae, measuring the universe using baryon oscillation, and whether dark energy is the true driver of the universe.

Linder, Eric; Ho, Shirly; Aldering, Greg; Fraiknoi, Andrew

2011-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

322

Contra Costa Santa Clara  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TO PV City of Palmdale Hybrid 570 MW Los Angeles Co. City of Palmdale APPROVED 8/10/11 Willow Pass Gen/15/10 ONLINE 11/1/12 APPROVED 8/25/10 SUSPENDED ONLINE 8/2/13 ON HOLD Sutter Power Plant 540 MW Sutter Co/30/13 Processing Amendment Current Power Plant Licensing Cases Before the Commission Approved Power Plants

323

MANAGEMENT OF THE PREDATOR PREY RELATIONSHIP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-8 kmto mouth of river 1 km= gauntlet Gull& Willow Island AWPE Colony 57 km to confluence STUDY AREA 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 NumberofBreedingPelicans W 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500 5000 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005

324

John Day River Sub-Basin Fish Habitat Enhancement Project; 2008 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Work undertaken in 2008 included: (1) Seven new fence projects were completed thereby protecting approximately 10.97 miles of streams with 16.34 miles of riparian fence; (2) Renewal of one expired lease was completed thereby continuing to protect 0.75 miles of stream with 1.0 mile of riparian fence. (3) Maintenance of all active project fences (106.54 miles), watergaps (78), spring developments (33) were checked and repairs performed; (3) Planted 1000 willow/red osier on Fox Creek/Henslee property; (4) Planted 2000 willows/red osier on Middle Fork John Day River/Coleman property; (5) Planted 1000 willow/red osier cuttings on Fox Creek/Johns property; (6) Since the initiation of the Fish Habitat Project in 1984 we have 126.86 miles of stream protected using 211.72 miles of fence protecting 5658 acres. The purpose of the John Day Fish Habitat Enhancement Program is to enhance production of indigenous wild stocks of spring Chinook and summer steelhead within the sub basin through habitat protection, enhancement and fish passage improvement. The John Day River system supports the largest remaining wild runs of spring chinook salmon and summer steelhead in Northeast Oregon.

Powell, Russ M.; Alley, Pamela D.; Goin Jr, Lonnie [Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

325

Biomass power for rural development. Technical progress report, April 1, 1997--June 30, 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Detailed task progress reports and schedules are provided for the DOE/USDA sponsored Biomass Power for Rural Development project. The focus of the project is on developing commercial energy crops for power generation by the year 2000. The New York based Salix Consortium project is a multi-partner endeavor, implemented in three stages. Phase-I, Final Design and Project Development, will conclude with the preparation of construction and/or operating permits, feedstock production plans, and contracts ready for signature. Field trials of willow (Salix) have been initiated at several locations in New York (Tully, Lockport, King Ferry, La Fayette, Massena, and Himrod) and co-firing tests are underway at Greenidge Station (NYSEG) and Dunkirk Station (NMPC). Phase-H of the project will focus on scale-up of willow crop acreage, construction of co-firing facilities at Dunkirk Station (NMPC), and final modifications for Greenidge Station. Cofiring willow is also under consideration for GPU`s Seward Station where testing is under way. There will be an evaluation of the energy crop as part of the gasification trials occurring at BED`s McNeill power station. Phase-III will represent fullscale commercialization of the energy crop and power generation on a sustainable basis.

Neuhauser, E.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Trees as Filters of Radioactive Fallout from the Chernobyl Accident  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is a copy of an unpublished study of the filtering effect of red maple trees (acer rubrum) on fission product fallout near Binghamton, NY, USA following the 1986 Chernobyl accident. The conclusions of this work may offer some insight into what is happening in the forests exposed to fallout from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Plant accident. This posting is in memory of Noel K. Yeh.

Brownridge, James D

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Measured and calculated activities of spallation products formed in copper and gold foils as a result of bombardment with 120 MeV deuterons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the rate of destruction or loss. This translates mathematicaHy into an ordinary differential equation. For decay chains, coupled ordinary differential equations describe the population changes as a function of time. Equations (3), (4) and (5) describe... SOLUTION TO DECAY CHAIN EQUATIONS USING MAPLE . . . . . . . . . 52 APPENDIX D GAMMA-RAY ACQUISITION ANALYSIS REPORTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . APPENDIX E COMPLETE COMPARISON OF CALCULATED AND MEASURED ACTIVITIES . 60 73 APPENDIX F...

Belian, Anthony Paul

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Toward the Total Synthesis of Norzoanthamine: The Development of a Transannular Michael Reaction Cascade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Alder reaction O O H H OTMS O H PO H H tBuO H OP H H 2.7, P= TES OTMS OtBu OPO OP 2.5, P=TES KHMDS, PhSeBr, THF, -10 oC 91% O OTMS OtBu OPO OP mCPBA, CH2Cl2, -78 oC; then NaHCO3, CHCl3, 40 oC, 4 h O H H H HO H H H OH H H...

Xue, Haoran

2013-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

329

Diazo group as a new chemical reporter for bioorthogonal labelling of biomolecules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with hydrazine and hydroxylamine derivatives,1,6,10 azides that can be modified with phosphines or reactive alkynes,7,8,11-13 terminal alkynes that can be tagged with azides,14 and strained alkenes15-20 and isonitriles21 that can be ligated with tetrazines... to perform very efficient [3+2] cycloadditions with 1,3-dipoles and inverse-electron-demand Diels Alder reactions with tetrazines, making it suitable for applications in chemical ligation.23 In order to test whether the diazo group could be used as a...

Josa-Culleré, Laia; Wainman, Yelena A.; Brindle, Kevin M.; Leeper, Finian J.

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

330

Lewis acid complexation to an N?-acylsulfonamide: an NMR investigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 3, 3-Dihydro-2-crotonyl-l, 2-benzothiazol- 1, 1-dioxide (15, R=H, R' =CHS) . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Preparation of TiC12 (OiPr) 2 by a modification of the method of Rousseau. . . . 68 General method for Diels-Alder reactions catalyzed...-N- (o-toluenesul fonyl) acrylamide (14, R' =H) 63 TABLE OF CONTENTS (CONT. ) Page g- (1, 8-Naphthosul fonyl) crotonamide (16, R' =CHs) . 64 3-Chloro-1, 2-benzothiazol-l, l- dioxide. , 65 3, 3-Dimethyl-2, 3-dihydro-1, 2-benzothiazol- l, l...

Klimko, Ann Marie

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

331

ATTRIBUTES OF A VIABLE LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOFUEL FORAGE CROP Chad Martin, Renewable Energy Extension Specialist  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The production of energy from biomass feedstocks has received much attention across the U.S. in recent times. This is due in part because of the country’s desire for domestically produced energy, and to minimize carbon emissions and other greenhouse gases. Lignocellulosic biomass feedstocks can be categorized into woody feedstocks (e.g. dedicated fast growing trees for energy such as hybrid poplars and willows, wood residues, wood chips and mill wastes), agricultural crop residues (e.g. corn stover and wheat straw) and herbaceous energy crops (e.g. switchgrass and miscanthus) The imposing opportunity for

Klein Ileleji; Assistant Professor; Extension Engineer

332

An internship at the Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge Complex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. 1. V TABLE OF CONTENTS. LIST OF FIGURES. LIST OF TABLES. Vii Viii INTRODUCTION. REFUGE SYSTEM. DESCRIPTION OF BRAZORIA NWR COMPLEX Habitat Types. Saline Prairies. Nonsaline Pr air ies. Salt Flats. Fresh... Idf' Id th(A'td~t' th). ybh t hpM(hb ~lt h ) A t* p M(I )M p i. . A small grove of trees, primarily consisting of black willow (Salix nigra) dl k(G ~), ' I t& White I k C k d Cocklebur Slough. Cn Brazoria NWR, a small stand of salt cedar (Tamerix...

Coltman, Suzanne Dale

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Traffic lights for crop-based biofuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

attention to reputational risk, and finding markets, as consumer lobby groups demand greater transparency about where and how products are produced. As Hatcher [13] notes, “losing the trust of stakeholders can be fatal”. Nobody wants algae or cellulosic... 4(4), e5261 (2009). 10 Shi AZ, Koh LP, Tan HTW. The biofuel potential of municipal solid waste. GCB Bioenergy 1(5), 317-320 (2009). 11 Kuzovkina YA, Quigley MF. Willows Beyond Wetlands: Uses of Salix L. Species for Environmental Projects. Water...

Phalan, Ben

334

Father Estevao Cacella's Report on Bhutan in 1627  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for our journey which we hoped to begin on the 20th of February; on the 19th, the interpreter arrived from Hugli; it was as if an angel from heaven sent by the Lord on the last day of our stay in Koch, a sign of His particular concern for our journey... pleasant to look upon, lies in a beautiful wide plain, which at the time was covered with neat fields of wheat and rice; the plain, divided by two large rivers, is very attractive specially because of the presence of cool large willow trees...

Baillie, Luiza Maria

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Los Alamos National Laboratory's Associate Directorate for Environmental Programs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6,LocalNuclearandplants willows for flood recovery June

336

Los Alamos National Laboratory's Quality and Performance Assurance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6,LocalNuclearandplants willows for flood recovery

337

Los Alamos National Laboratory,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6,LocalNuclearandplants willows for flood recovery LANS

338

Los Alamos National Laboratory, Sandia  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6,LocalNuclearandplants willows for flood recovery LANS

339

Los Alamos National Laboratory: Long-Term Environmental Stewardship and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6,LocalNuclearandplants willows for flood recovery

340

Los Alamos National Security awards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alder maple willows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Los Alamos National Security awards  

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342

Los Alamos National Security creates  

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343

Los Alamos National Security invests in Santa Fe Community College  

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344

Los Alamos National Security supports  

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345

Los Alamos National Security, LLC  

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346

Los Alamos National Security, LLC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6,LocalNuclearandplants willows forinvests inpartners

347

Los Alamos National Security, LLC investing in Northern New Mexico  

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348

Los Alamos Neutron Science Center  

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349

Los Alamos Neutron Science Center | National Nuclear Security  

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350

Los Alamos Public Schools recommended for accreditation  

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351

Los Alamos STEM Challenge registration due April 12  

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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6,LocalNuclearandplants willowsLos Alamos SchoolsLos

352

Los Alamos STEM Challenge registration now open  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6,LocalNuclearandplants willowsLos Alamos SchoolsLosLos

353

Los Alamos Scientist Wins American Chemical Society Award | National  

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354

Los Alamos Selected as Atomic Weapons Laboratory | National Nuclear  

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355

Los Alamos Venture Acceleration Fund accepting  

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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6,LocalNuclearandplants willowsLos

356

Los Alamos and Malaysian University collaborate to find genetic markers for  

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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6,LocalNuclearandplants willowsLosdwarfism Los

357

Los Alamos develops new technique for growing high-efficiency perovskite  

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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6,LocalNuclearandplants willowsLosdwarfism Lossolar

358

Los Alamos honored by Española Valley Chamber of Commerce  

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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6,LocalNuclearandplants willowsLosdwarfism

359

Los Alamos honors Laboratory Fellows  

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360

Los Alamos honors four for science leadership, research  

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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alder maple willows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Photochemistry of 1 and 2-(2-methylphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene. [4a-methyl-1,2,3,4,4a,9,10,10a-octahydrophenanthrene  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In an attempt to synthesize partially saturated phenanthrene derivatives by an intramolecular Diels-Alder reaction between a photochemically produced o-xylylene (diene) and a tethered dienophile, it was found that 1 and 2 underwent a photochemically allowed (2 + 2) cycloaddition. Irradiation of 1 gave 6-(2-methylphenyl)bicyclo(3.2.0)heptane in 86% yield. Upon irradiation of 2, a benzvalene rearrangement of 2 first took place, producing the meta isomer 2-(3-methylphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene, followed by a (2 + 2) photocycloaddition giving 1-(3-methylphenyl)bicyclo(3.2.0)heptane in 15% yield. Direct irradiation of 2-(3-methylphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene gave the same bicyclo derivative as 2 in 34% yield. Examination of the fluorescence spectra of 1 and 2 in comparison with 1-(2-methylphenyl)propene and 2-(2-methylphenyl)-1-butene, respectively, has shown that 1 may be biased toward (2 + 2) cycloaddition where 2 is not biased toward (2 + 2) photocycloization. Attempts to produce 4a-methyl-1,2,3,4,4a,9,10,10a-octahydrophenanthrene by an intramolecular Diels-Alder reaction of the o-xylylene produced by irradiation of 3 will also be described.

Barrows, R.D.; Hornback, J.M.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Variation of Western Scrub-Jay and Mexican Jay (Corvidae) vocalizations in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

structure and in temporal pattern between species. 16 METHODS RECORDING SITES AND FIELD METHODS I recorded vocalizations of Aphelocoma californi ca texana at Wild Basin Nature Preserve, Travis County; Pedernales Falls State Park, Blanco County; Lost... mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa) as a prominent woody plant. I recorded at elevations of about 215-275m at Wild Basin Nature Preserve, 260-290m at Pedernales Falls State Park, 550-580m at Lost Maples State Natural Area, and 670-685m at Texas A&M University...

Coldren, Mary Kathleen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

363

Homemade Games… how to make and play.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to their enjoyment for 3s money. The cla; .'iis bul 11.1 aw 'nation "qt bind .lie grou 'r and scrap boxes Color. Ulrlbb as po Soft work maple I. Be s. nw aa' ssification - of homemade g a m e s in lletin may help in planning for the ma1... wide rounded ledge for comfortable sitting during play. A large tractor tire also makes a usable sand container. The soft rim makes a comfortable seat. The sandbox should have a cover to protect the sand from .stray cats and dogs. Canvas weighted...

Moore, Lucille H.; Johnson, Eloise T.

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Radiation Beyond Four Space-Time Dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a list of formulas describing classical radiation of the rank s tensor field from an accelerated point-like source in flat space-time of arbitrary even dimension d. This allows straightforward evaluating the total intensity and radiated momentum for any $s$ and $d$ algorithmically, by hands or with the help of a computer (e.g. with an attached MAPLE program). Practical application of formulas is limited, because, for s>1, the energy-momentum tensor for the point-like source is not conserved. This usually means that one cannot neglect contributions to radiation from tensions of the forces that cause acceleration of the source.

A. Mironov; A. Morozov

2007-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

365

Computational procedures for weighted projective spaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is a pdf print of the homonymous Maple file, freely available at http://www.maplesoft.com/applications/view.aspx?SID=127621, providing procedures which are able to produce the toric data associated with a (polarized) weighted projective space i.e. fans, polytopes and their equivalences. More originally it provides procedures which are able to detect a weights vector Q starting from either a fan or a polytope: we will call this process the recognition of a (polarized) weighted projective space. Moreover it gives procedures connecting polytopes of a polarized weighted projective space with an associated fan and viceversa.

Rossi, Michele

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Cleaning on a Shoestring.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or copper object is cleaned, a thin coat of tung oil may be applied to give it a soft luster. 4 BUTCHER BLOCK Most butcher blocks are made of solid hard maple and are, therefore, relatively easy to care for. Clean when necessary with warm water..., but fortunately, it can be cleaned with water and a sponge. If a build up of soap scum occurs, add one teaspoon washing soda or packaged water softener to the cleaning solution. Nonabrasive cleaning powders may also be used. Be sure to remove all traces...

McCutcheon, Linda Flowers

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Energy and Infrastructure Analysis Group: D-4, Decision Applications: LANL  

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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing Zirconia NanoparticlesSmart Grocer Program Sign-upEnergyTricksJohn MaplesD

368

Energy and Site Selectivity in O-Atom Photodesorption from Nanostructured  

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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing Zirconia NanoparticlesSmart Grocer Program Sign-upEnergyTricksJohn MaplesDMgO. |

369

Energy and Transportation Science | Clean Energy | ORNL  

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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing Zirconia NanoparticlesSmart Grocer Program Sign-upEnergyTricksJohn MaplesDMgO.

370

NREL: Energy Analysis - Ben Sigrin  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions and Achievements of WomenEventsTools Update -BloomMaples Photo of

371

NREL: Energy Analysis - Bethany Frew  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions and Achievements of WomenEventsTools Update -BloomMaples Photo ofFrew

372

NREL: Energy Analysis - Bethany Speer  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions and Achievements of WomenEventsTools Update -BloomMaples Photo

373

NREL: Energy Analysis - Billy J. Roberts  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions and Achievements of WomenEventsTools Update -BloomMaples PhotoBilly J.

374

NREL: Energy Analysis - Brian W Bush  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions and Achievements of WomenEventsTools Update -BloomMaples PhotoBilly

375

NREL: Energy Analysis - Caroline Uriarte Chapman  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions and Achievements of WomenEventsTools Update -BloomMaples

376

NREL: Energy Analysis - Carolyn Davidson  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions and Achievements of WomenEventsTools Update -BloomMaplesCarolyn

377

Method of making thermally removable polyurethanes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of making a thermally-removable polyurethane material by heating a mixture of a maleimide compound and a furan compound, and introducing alcohol and isocyanate functional groups, where the alcohol group and the isocyanate group reacts to form the urethane linkages and the furan compound and the maleimide compound react to form the thermally weak Diels-Alder adducts that are incorporated into the backbone of the urethane linkages during the formation of the polyurethane material at temperatures from above room temperature to less than approximately 90.degree. C. The polyurethane material can be easily removed within approximately an hour by heating to temperatures greater than approximately 90.degree. C. in a polar solvent. The polyurethane material can be used in protecting electronic components that may require subsequent removal of the solid material for component repair, modification or quality control.

Loy, Douglas A. (Albuquerque, NM); Wheeler, David R. (Albuquerque, NM); McElhanon, James R. (Livermore, CA); Saunders, Randall S. (late of Albuquerque, NM); Durbin-Voss, Marvie Lou (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Maleimide Functionalized Siloxane Resins  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In-situ filling through hydrolysis and condensation of silicon alkoxides has been utilized to generate nanocomposites in which the filler phase can be intimately associated with the polymer on relatively small length scales. One problem of the method has been achieving useful fill volumes without bulk phase separation of the reacting silicon monomer from the polymer. In this paper, we describe the preparation of a new class of nanocomposite materials in which the inorganic filler phase is pre-assembled before copolymerization with an organic species. Maleimide monomers, prepared from alkoxysilylpropyl amines and maleic anhydride, were protected against side reactions by forming the oxonorbornene Diels-Alder adduct with furan. The monomers were then reacted under sol-gel conditions to form oligomers or polymers-the filler phase. The material was activated by thermal deprotection of the maleimide and reacted with organic monomers or polymers to form the filled nanocomposite.

Shaltout, R.M.; Loy, D.A.; Wheeler, D.R.

1999-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

379

On the role of interfacial hydrogen bonds in "on-water" catalysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerous experiments have demonstrated that many classes of organic reactions exhibit increased reaction rates when performed in heterogeneous water emulsions. Despite enormous practical importance of the observed "on-water" catalytic effect and several mechanistic studies, its microscopic origins remains unclear. In this work, the second generation Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics method is extended to self-consistent charge density-functional based tight-binding in order to study "on-water" catalysis of the Diels-Alder reaction between dimethyl azodicarboxylate and quadricyclane. We find that the stabilization of the transition state by dangling hydrogen bonds exposed at the aqueous interfaces plays a significantly smaller role in "on-water" catalysis than has been suggested previously.

Kristof Karhan; Rustam Z. Khaliullin; Thomas D. Kühne

2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

380

Extrusion pretreatment of sugarcane bagasse for enzymatic hydrolysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

acid; 3, Ix-L-arabinofuranose. C CH20H C H(a- CH20H HCQH HCO[CH2 ] ~ ~ HC 0 CH20H w QH l ~ OCH) \\ O CH HCOH CQ HOH2C C ~0 H CO HCOH C ? 0 HCQH H C ? IE:H C~H20H HC ~H@QH ] Ho ~ OCH3 HCOH 0 ? O 3~ QCH H2 C HOH C HC 0 2i H(OH ? 0 2, H...2CO HCOH C 0 Co w ~ OCH3 0 to~ Figure 4. Structural model for spruce lignin (Alder, 1977) CII Ch d' O 50 C/5 O CD Itl N I/5 O C' I CI I ch 'nh I Ch CC CI I/I ill O I/I Inn CC Chl O ICI Q O 05 m n5 cC CC 5- CD Ql I/I 0 Q...

Ocana Camacho, Ronay

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alder maple willows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

100-N Area Strontium-90 Treatability Demonstration Project: Food Chain Transfer Studies for Phytoremediation Along the 100-N Columbia River Riparian Zone  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Strontium-90 (90Sr) exceeds the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s drinking water standards for groundwater (8 picocuries/L) by as much as a factor of 1000 at several locations within the Hanford 100-N Area and along the 100-N Area Columbia River shoreline). Phytoextraction, a managed remediation technology in which plants or integrated plant/rhizosphere systems are employed to phytoextract and/or sequester 90Sr, is being considered as a potential remediation system along the riparian zone of the Columbia River as part of a treatment train that includes an apatite barrier to immobilize groundwater transport of 90Sr. Phytoextraction would employ coyote willow (Salix exigua) to extract 90Sr from the vadose zone soil and aquifer sediments (phytoextraction) and filter 90Sr (rhizofiltration) from the shallow groundwater along the riparian zone of the Columbia River. The stem and foliage of coyote willows accumulating 90Sr may present not only a mechanism to remove the contaminant but also can be viewed as a source of nutrition for natural herbivores, therefore becoming a potential pathway for the isotope to enter the riparian food chain. Engineered barriers such as large and small animal fencing constructed around the field plot will control the intrusion of deer, rodents, birds, and humans. These efforts, however, will have limited effect on mobile phytophagous insects. Therefore, this study was undertaken to determine the potential for food chain transfer by insects prior to placement of the remediation technology at 100-N. Insect types include direct consumers of the sap or liquid content of the plants vascular system (xylem and phloem) by aphids as well as those that would directly consume the plant foliage such as the larvae (caterpillars) of Lepidoptera species. Heavy infestations of aphids feeding on the stems and leaves of willows growing in 90Sr-contaminated soil can accumulate a small amount (~0.15 ± 0.06%) of the total label removed from the soil by the plant over a 17-day exposure period. The 90Sr in the exuded honeydew during this period amounted to 1.17 ± 0.28% of this total label. The honeydew would eventually be deposited into the soil at the base of the plant, but the activity would be so dispersed as to be undetectable. Moth larvae will consume 90Sr contaminated leaves but retain very little of the label (~0.02%) and only that contained in their digestive tracts. As the moths pupated and became adults, they contained no detectable amounts of 90Sr. Over the 10-day exposure period, ~4% of the phytoextracted 90Sr was lost from the plant as moth feces. However, like the honeydew, feces dispersed into the soil were undetectable. As the plant diminishes the content of 90Sr in the soil, the activity of the label in the leaves and new stems would also diminish. The results of these studies indicate that the risk for detectable transfer of 90Sr from willow trees growing in the contaminated soil along the 100-N shoreline through the food chain of herbivorous insects would be very slight to non-existent

Fellows, Robert J.; Fruchter, Jonathan S.; Driver, Crystal J.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Characterization and air drying of chunkwood and chips  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chunkwood was found to be composed of a few large particles and many small particles with the large particles constituting almost half the total weight. More than 75% of the chunk weight was composed of particles weighing more than 100 grams (ovendry), while 85% of the chip weight was composed of particles weighing 3 grams or less. Energy densities ranged from 89,675 Btu/ft/sup 3/ for green aspen chips to 162,520 Btu/ft/sup 3/ for dried sugar maple chunks. Chunks and chips were air-dried from July through October in eight covered cribs. For both species tested, the chunks dried faster than the chips to about 20% moisture content.

Sturos, J.B.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Tappable Pine Trees: Commercial Production of Terpene Biofuels in Pine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

PETRO Project: The University of Florida is working to increase the amount of turpentine in harvested pine from 4% to 20% of its dry weight. While enhanced feedstocks for biofuels have generally focused on fuel production from leafy plants and grasses, the University of Florida is experimenting with enhancing fuel production in a species of pine that is currently used in the paper pulping industry. Pine trees naturally produce around 3-5% terpene content in the wood—terpenes are the energy-dense fuel molecules that are the predominant components of turpentine. The team aims to increase the terpene storage potential and production capacity while improving the terpene composition to a point at which the trees could be tapped while alive, like sugar maples. Growth and production from these trees will take years, but this pioneering technology could have significant impact in making available an economical and domestic source of aviation and diesel biofuels.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

IMPACTS OF INTERACTING ELEVATED ATMOSPHERIC CO2 AND O3 ON THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONING OF A NORTHERN FOREST ECOSYSTEM: OPERATING AND DECOMMISSIONING THE ASPEN FACE PROJECT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two of the most important and pervasive greenhouse gases driving global change and impacting forests in the U.S. and around the world are atmospheric CO2 and tropospheric O3. As the only free air, large-scale manipulative experiment studying the interaction of elevated CO2 and O3 on forests, the Aspen FACE experiment was uniquely designed to address the long-term ecosystem level impacts of these two greenhouse gases on aspen-birch-maple forests, which dominate the richly forested Lake States region. The project was established in 1997 to address the overarching scientific question: “What are the effects of elevated [CO2] and [O3], alone and in combination, on the structure and functioning of northern hardwood forest ecosystems?” From 1998 through the middle of the 2009 growing season, we examined the interacting effects of elevated CO2 and O3 on ecosystem processes in an aggrading northern forest ecosystem to compare the responses of early-successional, rapid-growing shade intolerant trembling aspen and paper birch to those of a late successional, slower growing shade tolerant sugar maple. Fumigations with elevated CO2 (560 ppm during daylight hours) and O3 (approximately 1.5 x ambient) were conducted during the growing season from 1998 to 2008, and in 2009 through harvest date. Response variables quantified during the experiment included growth, competitive interactions and stand dynamics, physiological processes, plant nutrient status and uptake, tissue biochemistry, litter quality and decomposition rates, hydrology, soil respiration, microbial community composition and respiration, VOC production, treatment-pest interactions, and treatment-phenology interactions. In 2009, we conducted a detailed harvest of the site. The harvest included detailed sampling of a subset of trees by component (leaves and buds, fine branches, coarse branches and stem, coarse roots, fine roots) and excavation of soil to a depth of 1 m. Throughout the experiment, aspen and birch photosynthesis increased with elevated CO2 and tended to decrease with elevated O3, compared to the control. In contrast to aspen and birch, maple photosynthesis was not enhanced by elevated CO2. Elevated O3 did not cause significant reductions in maximum photosynthesis in birch or maple. In addition, photosynthesis in ozone sensitive clones was affected to a much greater degree than that in ozone tolerant aspen clones. Treatment effects on photosynthesis contributed to CO2 stimulation of aboveground and belowground growth that was species and genotype dependent, with birch and aspen being most responsive and maple being least responsive. The positive effects of elevated CO2 on net primary productivity NPP were sustained through the end of the experiment, but negative effects of elevated O3 on NPP had dissipated during the final three years of treatments. The declining response to O3 over time resulted from the compensatory growth of O3-tolerant genotypes and species as the growth of O3-sensitive individuals declined over time. Cumulative NPP over the entire experiment was 39% greater under elevated CO2 and 10% lower under elevated O3. Enhanced NPP under elevated CO2 was sustained by greater root exploration of soil for growth-limiting N, as well as more rapid rates of litter decomposition and microbial N release during decay. Results from Aspen FACE clearly indicate that plants growing under elevated carbon dioxide, regardless of community type or ozone level, obtained significantly greater amounts of soil N. These results indicate that greater plant growth under elevated carbon dioxide has not led to “progressive N limitation”. If similar forests growing throughout northeastern North America respond in the same manner, then enhanced forest NPP under elevated CO2 may be sustained for a longer duration than previously thought, and the negative effect of elevated O3 may be diminished by compensatory growth of O3-tolerant plants as they begin to dominate forest communities. By the end of the experiment, elevated CO2 increased ecosystem C content by 11%, whereas

Burton, Andrew J. [Michigan Technological University; Zak, Donald R. [University of Michigan; Kubiske, Mark E. [USDA Forest Service; Pregitzer, Kurt S. [University of Idaho

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

385

Supercritical fluid reactions for coal processing. Quarterly progress report, July 1, 1995--September 30, 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this work is to design benign solvent/cosolvent systems for reactions which will achieve optimum desulfurization and/or denitrogenation in the pre-treatment of coal or coal liquids. Supercritical fluids present excellent opportunities for the pretreatment of coal, hence we shall utilize supercritical fluids as a reaction medium. A number of possible Diels-Alder reactive systems involving anthracene (diene) in supercritical solvent were proposed at the outset of research. Scouting experiments designed to select out the optimum reactive system from among the candidate dienophiles and solvents have been completed. The nitrogen bearing compound 4-phenyl-1,2,4-triazoline-3,5-dione (PTAD) has demonstrated superior reactivity and sensitivity to cosolvent additions and has been selected as dienophile. A convenient half-life of reaction between PTAD and anthracene is obtained at temperatures in the neighborhood of 50{degree}C. Carbon dioxide has been selected as the solvent because of its convenient critical properties, and also to optimize the safety of the experiments. In the process of completing these scouting experiments, the experimental apparatus that will be used to obtain kinetic data for calculation of partial molar volumes of the reaction transition state has also been optimized.

Eckert, C.A

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

386

Novel Diblock Copolymer-Grafted Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes via a combination of Living and Controlled/Living Surface Polymerizations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Diels Alder cycloaddition reactions were used to functionalize multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) with 1-benzocylcobutene-10-phenylethylene (BCB-PE) or 4-hydroxyethylbenzocyclobutene (BCB-EO). The covalent functionalization of the nanotubes with these initiator precursors was verified by FTIR and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). After appropriate transformations/additions, the functionalized MWNTs were used for surface initiated anionic and ring opening polymerizations of ethylene oxide and e-caprolactone (e-CL), respectively. The OH-end groups were transformed to isopropylbromide groups by reaction with 2-bromoisobutyryl bromide, for subsequent atom transfer radical polymerization of styrene or 2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate to afford the final diblock copolymers. 1H NMR, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), TGA, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used for the characterization of the nanocomposite materials. TEM images showed the presence of a polymer layer around the MWNTs as well as the dissociation of MWNT bundles. Consequently, this general methodology, employing combinations of different polymerization techniques, increases the diversity of diblocks that can be grafted from MWNTs.

Priftis, Dimitrios [ORNL; Sakellariou, Georgios [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Hadjichristidis, Nikos [University of Athens, Athens, Greece

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Surface-Initiated Titanium-Mediated Coordination Polymerization from Catalyst-Functionalized Single and Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single (SWNTs) and multiwalled (MWNTs) carbon nanotubes were functionalized with a titanium alkoxide catalyst through a Diels-Alder cycloaddition reaction. The catalyst-functionalized carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were used for the surface initiated titanium-mediated coordination polymerizations of L-lactide (L-LA), -caprolactone (-CL) and n-hexyl isocyanate (HIC) employing the grafting from technique. 1H NMR, IR and Raman spectra showed that the precursor catalyst was successfully synthesized and covalently attached on the CNTs surface. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) revealed that the grafted poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) content could be controlled with time. The final polymer-grafted CNTs were readily dissolved in organic solvents as compared to the insoluble pristine and catalyst-functionalized CNTs. The presence of thick layers of polymers around the CNTs was observed through transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) proved that the glass transition (Tg) and melting (Tm) temperatures of the PLLA are affected by the presence of the CNTs, while PLLA R-helix conformation remains intact, as revealed by the circular dichroism (CD) spectra.

Priftis, Dimitrios [ORNL; Petzetakis, Nikolaos [University of Athens, Athens, Greece; Sakellariou, Georgios [ORNL; Pitsikalis, Marinos [ORNL; Baskaran, Durairaj [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Mays, Jimmy [ORNL; Hadjichristidis, Nikos [University of Athens, Athens, Greece

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Polymer Grafted Janus Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a novel and facile strategy to modify the surface of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with two chemically different polymer brushes utilizing the grafting from technique. A [4 + 2] Diels Alder cycloaddition reaction was used to functionalize multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) with two different precursor initiators, one for ring opening polymerization (ROP) and one for atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). The binary functionalized MWNTs were used for the simultaneous surface initiated polymerizations of different monomers resulting in polymer grafted MWNTs that can form Janus type structures under appropriate conditions. 1H NMR, FTIR and Raman spectra showed that the precursor initiators were successfully synthesized and covalently attached on the CNT surface. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) revealed that the grafted polymer content varies when different monomer ratios and polymerization times are used. The presence of an organic layer around the CNTs was observed through transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) proved that the glass transition (Tg) and melting (Tm) temperatures of the grafted polymers are affected by the presence of the CNTs, while circular dichroism (CD) spectra indicated that the PLLA ahelix conformation remains intact.

Priftis, Dimitrios [ORNL; Sakellariou, Georgios [ORNL; Baskaran, Durairaj [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Mays, Jimmy [ORNL; Hadjichristidis, Nikos [University of Athens, Athens, Greece

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

The application of soft X-ray microscopy to the in-situ analysis of sporopollenin/sporinite in a rank variable suite of organic rich sediments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Soft X-ray imaging and carbon near edge absorption fine structure spectroscopy (C-NEXAFS) has been used for the in-situ analysis of sporinite in a rank variable suite of organic rich sediments extending from recent up to high volatile A bituminous coal. The acquisition of chemically based images (contrast based on the 1s - 1{pi}* transition of unsaturated carbon), revealed a homogeneous chemical structure in the spore exine. C-NEXAFS microanalysis indicates chemical structural evolution in sporopollenin/sporinite with increases in maturation. The most significant change in the C-NEXAFS spectrum is an increase in unsaturated carbon, presumably aromatic, with rank. The rate of aromatization in sporinite exceeds that of the surrounding vitrinite. Increases in the concentration of unsaturated carbon are compensated by losses of aliphatic and hydroxylated aliphatic carbon components. Carboxyl groups are present in low and variable concentrations. Absorption due to carboxyl persists in the most mature specimen in this series, a high volatile A rank coal. The reactions which drive sporopollenin chemical structural evolution during diagenesis presumably involve dehydration, Diels-Alder cyclo-addition, and dehydrogenation reactions which ultimately lead to a progressively aromatized bio/geopolymer.

Cody, G.D.; Botto, R.E. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Chemistry Div.; Ade, H. [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Dept. of Physics; Wirick, S. [State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook, NY (United States). Dept. of Physics

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

John Day River Subbasin Fish Habitat Enhancement Project, 2005-2006 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Work undertaken in 2005 included: (1) Four new fence projects were completed thereby protecting 7.55 miles of stream with 9.1 miles of new riparian fence (2) Fence removal 1.7 miles of barbed wire. (3) Completed three spring developments (repair work on two BLM springs on Cottonwood Creek (Dayville), 1 solar on Rock Creek/ Collins property). (4) Dredge tail leveling completed on 0.9 miles of the Middle Fork of the John Day River (5) Cut, hauled and placed 30 junipers on Indian Creek/Kuhl property for bank stability. (6) Collected and planted 1500 willow cuttings on Mountain Creek/Jones property. (7) Conducted steelhead redd counts on Lake Cr./Hoover property and Cottonwood Cr./Mascall properties (8) Seeded 200 lbs of native grass seed on projects where the sites were disturbed by fence construction activities. (9) Maintenance of all active project fences (72.74 miles), watergaps (60), spring developments (30) were checked and repairs performed. (10) Since the initiation of the Fish Habitat Program in 1984 we have installed 156.06 miles of riparian fence on leased property protecting 88.34 miles of anadromous fish bearing stream. With the addition of the Restoration and Enhancement Projects from 1996-2001, where the landowner received the materials, built and maintained the project we have a total of 230.92 miles of fence protecting 144.7 miles of stream and 3285 acres of riparian habitat.

Powell, Russ M.; Alley, Pamela D.; Delano, Kenneth H. (Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, John Day, OR)

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Avian use of forest habitats in the Pembina hills of northeastern North Dakota. Resource pub  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

North Dakota has the least extensive total area of forested habitats of any of the 50 United States. Although occurring in limited area, forest communities add considerably to the total ecological diversity of the State. The forests of the Pembina Hills region in northeastern North Dakota are one of only three areas large enough to be considered of commercial value. During 1981 the authors studied the avifauna of the upper valley of the Pembina River in the Pembina Hills. Field work extended from 20 April to 23 July; breeding bird censuses were conducted 7 June to 2 July. Of the 120 bird species recorded during the study period, 79 species were recorded during the breeding season. The total breeding population was estimated at nearly 76,000 breeding pairs. The wood warblers (Parulidae) were the most numerous family, accounting for about 28,000 breeding pairs. The yellow warbler (Dendroica petechia) was the most abundant breeding species, making up 19.4% of the population. American redstart (Setophaga ruticilla) was second in abundance, accounting for 10.5% of the breeding population. Largest breeding densities occurred in the willow (Salix sp.) shrub community.

Faanes, C.A.; Andrew, J.M.

1983-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

392

Riparian Cottonwood Ecosystems and Regulated Flows in Kootenai and Yakima Sub-Basins : Volume I Kootenai River (Overview, Report and Appendices).  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Riparian vegetation and especially cottonwood and willow plant communities are dependent on normative flows and especially, spring freshette, to provide conditions for recruitment. These plant communities therefore share much in common with a range of fish species that require natural flow conditions to stimulate reproduction. We applied tools and techniques developed in other areas to assess riparian vegetation in two very different sub-basins within the Columbia Basin. Our objectives were to: Document the historic impact of human activity on alluvial floodplain areas in both sub-basins; Provide an analysis of the impacts of flow regulation on riparian vegetation in two systems with very different flow regulation systems; Demonstrate that altered spring flows will, in fact, result in recruitment to cottonwood stands, given other land uses impacts on each river and the limitations imposed by other flow requirements; and Assess the applicability of remote sensing tools for documenting the distribution and health of cottonwood stands and riparian vegetation that can be used in other sub-basins.

Jamieson, Bob; Braatne, Jeffrey H.

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

A computer code for calculations in the algebraic collective model of the atomic nucleus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Maple code is presented for algebraic collective model (ACM) calculations. The ACM is an algebraic version of the Bohr model of the atomic nucleus, in which all required matrix elements are derived by exploiting the model's SU(1,1) x SO(5) dynamical group. This, in particular, obviates the use of coefficients of fractional parentage. This paper reviews the mathematical formulation of the ACM, and serves as a manual for the code. The code enables a wide range of model Hamiltonians to be analysed. This range includes essentially all Hamiltonians that are rational functions of the model's quadrupole moments $q_M$ and are at most quadratic in the corresponding conjugate momenta $\\pi_N$ ($-2\\le M,N\\le 2$). The code makes use of expressions for matrix elements derived elsewhere and newly derived matrix elements of the operators $[\\pi\\otimes q \\otimes\\pi]_0$ and $[\\pi\\otimes\\pi]_{LM}$. The code also provides ready access to SO(3)-reduced SO(5) Clebsch-Gordan coefficients through data files provided with the code.

T. A. Welsh; D. J. Rowe

2015-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

394

Control of hardwood regeneration in restored carolina bay depression wetlands.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Carolina bays are depression wetlands located in the coastal plain region of the eastern United States. Disturbance of this wetland type has been widespread, and many sites contain one or more drainage ditches. Restoration of bays is of interest because they are important habitats for rare flora and fauna. Previous bay restoration projects have identified flood-tolerant woody competitors in the seedbank and re-sprouting as impediments to the establishment of desired herbaceous wetland vegetation communities. We restored 3 bays on the Savannah River Site, South Carolina, by plugging drainage ditches, harvesting residual pine/hardwood stands within the bays, and monitoring the vegetative response of the seedbank to the hydrologic change. We applied a foliar herbicide on one-half of each bay to control red maple (Acerrubrum), sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), and water oak (Quercus nigra) sprouting, and we tested its effectiveness across a hydrologic gradient in each bay. Hardwood regeneration was partially controlled by flooding in bays that exhibited long growing season hydroperiods. The findings also indicated that herbicide application was an effective means for managing hardwood regeneration and re-sprouting in areas where hydrologic control was ineffective. Herbicide use had no effect on species richness in the emerging vegetation community. In late-season drawdown periods, or in bays where hydroperiods are short, more than one herbicide application may be necessary.

Moser, Lee, J.; Barton, Christopher, D.; Blake, John, I.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Hardwood re-sprout control in hydrologically restored Carolina Bay depression wetlands.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Carolina bays are isolated depression wetlands located in the upper coastal plain region of the eastern Unites States. Disturbance of this wetland type has been widespread, and many sites contain one or more drainage ditches as a result of agricultural conversion. Restoration of bays is of interest because they are important habitats for rare flora and fauna species. Previous bay restoration projects have identified woody competitors in the seedbank and re-sprouting as impediments to the establishment of herbaceous wetland vegetation communities. Three bays were hydrologically restored on the Savannah River Site, SC, by plugging drainage ditches. Residual pine/hardwood stands within the bays were harvested and the vegetative response of the seedbank to the hydrologic change was monitored. A foliar herbicide approved for use in wetlands (Habitat® (Isopropylamine salt of Imazapyr)) was applied on one-half of each bay to control red maple (Acer rubrum L.), sweet gum (Liquidambar styraciflua L.), and water oak (Quercus nigra L.) sprouting. The effectiveness of the foliar herbicide was tested across a hydrologic gradient in an effort to better understand the relationship between depth and duration of flooding, the intensity of hardwood re-sprout pressure, and the need for hardwood management practices such as herbicide application.

Moser, Lee, Justin

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

An advanced control system for fine coal flotation. Fourth quarterly technical progress report, July 1, 1996--September 30, 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A model-based flotation control scheme is being implemented to achieve optimal performance in the handling and treatment of fine coal. The control scheme monitors flotation performance through on-line analysis of ash content. Then, based on the economic and metallurgical performance of the circuit, variables such as reagent dosage, pulp density and pulp level are adjusted using model-based control algorithms to compensate for feed variations and other process disturbances. Recent developments in sensor technology are being applied for on-line determination of slurry ash content. During the fourth quarter of this project, a final attempt was made to calibrate a video-based ash analyzer for use in this application. It was concluded that the low ash content and the coarse particle size of the flotation tailings slurry at the Maple Meadow plant site made the video-based system unsuitable for this application. Plans are now underway to lease a nuclear-based analyzer as the primary sensor for this project.

Adel, G.T.; Luttrell, G.H.

1997-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

397

RAFT: A simulator for ReActive Flow and Transport of groundwater contaminants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the use of the simulator RAFT for the ReActive flow and Transport of groundwater contaminants. RAFT can be used as a predictive tool in the design and analysis of laboratory and field experiments or it can be used for the estimation of model/process parameters from experiments. RAFT simulates the reactive transport of groundwater contaminants in one, two-, or three-dimensions and it can model user specified source/link configurations and arbitrary injection strategies. A suite of solvers for transport, reactions and regression are employed so that a combination of numerical methods best suited for a problem can be chosen. User specified coupled equilibrium and kinetic reaction systems can be incorporated into RAFT. RAFT is integrated with a symbolic computational language MAPLE, to automate code generation for arbitrary reaction systems. RAFT is expected to be used as a simulator for engineering design for field experiments in groundwater remediation including bioremediation, reactive barriers and redox manipulation. As an integrated tool with both the predictive ability and the ability to analyze experimental data, RAFT can help in the development of remediation technologies, from laboratory to field.

Chilakapati, A.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Vegetation survey of Four Mile Creek wetlands. [Savannah River Plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A survey of forested wetlands along upper Four Mile Creek was conducted. The region from Road 3 to the creek headwaters was sampled to evaluate the composition of woody and herbaceons plant communities. All sites were found to fall into either the Nyssa sylvatica (Black Gum) -- Persea borbonia (Red Bay) or Nyssa sylvatica -- Acer rubrum (Red Maple) types. These community types are generally species-rich and diverse. Previous studies (Greenwood et al., 1990; Mackey, 1988) demonstrated contaminant stress in areas downslope from the F- and H-Area seepage basins. In the present study there were some indications of contaminant stress. In the wetland near H-Area, shrub basal area, ground cover stratum species richness, and diversity were low. In the area surrounding the F-Area tree kill zone, ground cover stratum cover and shrub basal area were low and ground cover stratum species richness was low. The moderately stressed site at F-Area also showed reduced overstory richness and diversity and reduced ground cover stratum richness. These results could, however, be due to the very high basal area of overstory trees in both stressed F-Area sites that would reduce light availability to understory plants. No threatened or endangered plant species were found in the areas sampled. 40 refs., 4 figs., 8 tabs.

Loehle, C.

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Pyrite footprinting of RNA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer RNA structure is mapped by pyrite mediated {sup {center_dot}}OH footprinting. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Repetitive experiments can be done in a powdered pyrite filled cartridge. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer High {sup {center_dot}}OH reactivity of nucleotides imply dynamic role in Diels-Alderase catalysis. -- Abstract: In RNA, function follows form. Mapping the surface of RNA molecules with chemical and enzymatic probes has revealed invaluable information about structure and folding. Hydroxyl radicals ({sup {center_dot}}OH) map the surface of nucleic acids by cutting the backbone where it is accessible to solvent. Recent studies showed that a microfluidic chip containing pyrite (FeS{sub 2}) can produce sufficient {sup {center_dot}}OH to footprint DNA. The 49-nt Diels-Alder RNA enzyme catalyzes the C-C bond formation between a diene and a dienophile. A crystal structure, molecular dynamics simulation and atomic mutagenesis studies suggest that nucleotides of an asymmetric bulge participate in the dynamic architecture of the ribozyme's active center. Of note is that residue U42 directly interacts with the product in the crystallized RNA/product complex. Here, we use powdered pyrite held in a commercially available cartridge to footprint the Diels-Alderase ribozyme with single nucleotide resolution. Residues C39 to U42 are more reactive to {sup {center_dot}}OH than predicted by the solvent accessibility calculated from the crystal structure suggesting that this loop is dynamic in solution. The loop's flexibility may contribute to substrate recruitment and product release. Our implementation of pyrite-mediated {sup {center_dot}}OH footprinting is a readily accessible approach to gleaning information about the architecture of small RNA molecules.

Schlatterer, Joerg C., E-mail: joerg.schlatterer@einstein.yu.edu [Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY (United States); Wieder, Matthew S. [Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY (United States)] [Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY (United States); Jones, Christopher D.; Pollack, Lois [School of Applied and Engineering Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY (United States)] [School of Applied and Engineering Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY (United States); Brenowitz, Michael [Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY (United States)] [Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY (United States)

2012-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

400

CTUIR Umatilla Anadromous Fisheries Habitat Project : A Columbia River Basin Fish Habitat Project 2008 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Umatilla Anadromous Fisheries Habitat Project (UAFHP) is an ongoing effort to protect, enhance, and restore riparian and instream habitat for the natural production of anadromous salmonids in the Umatilla River Basin, Northeast Oregon. Flow quantity, water temperature, passage, and lack of in-stream channel complexity have been identified as the key limiting factors in the basin. During the 2008 Fiscal Year (FY) reporting period (February 1, 2008-January 31, 2009) primary project activities focused on improving instream and riparian habitat complexity, migrational passage, and restoring natural channel morphology and floodplain function. Eight primary fisheries habitat enhancement projects were implemented on Meacham Creek, Birch Creek, West Birch Creek, McKay Creek, West Fork Spring Hollow, and the Umatilla River. Specific restoration actions included: (1) rectifying one fish passage barrier on West Birch Creek; (2) participating in six projects planting 10,000 trees and seeding 3225 pounds of native grasses; (3) donating 1000 ft of fencing and 1208 fence posts and associated hardware for 3.6 miles of livestock exclusion fencing projects in riparian areas of West Birch and Meacham Creek, and for tree screens to protect against beaver damage on West Fork Spring Hollow Creek; (4) using biological control (insects) to reduce noxious weeds on three treatment areas covering five acres on Meacham Creek; (5) planning activities for a levee setback project on Meacham Creek. We participated in additional secondary projects as opportunities arose. Baseline and ongoing monitoring and evaluation activities were also completed on major project areas such as conducting photo point monitoring strategies activities at the Meacham Creek Large Wood Implementation Project site (FY2006) and at additional easements and planned project sites. Fish surveys and aquatic habitat inventories were conducted at project sites prior to implementation. Proper selection and implementation of the most effective site-specific habitat restoration plan, taking into consideration the unique characteristics of each project site, and conducted in cooperation with landowners and project partners, was of paramount importance to ensure each project's success. An Aquatic Habitat Inventory was conducted from river mile 0-8 on Isquulktpe Creek and the data collected was compared with data collected in 1994. Monitoring plans will continue throughout the duration of each project to oversee progression and inspire timely managerial actions. Twenty-seven conservation easements were maintained with 23 landowners. Permitting applications for planned project activities and biological opinions were written and approved. Project activities were based on a variety of fisheries monitoring techniques and habitat assessments used to determine existing conditions and identify factors limiting anadromous salmonid abundance in accordance with the Umatilla River Subbasin Salmon and Steelhead Production Plan (NPPC 1990) and the Final Umatilla Willow Subbasin Plan (Umatilla/Willow Subbasin Planning Team 2005).

Hoverson, Eric D.; Amonette, Alexandra

2009-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alder maple willows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

GASIFICATION FOR DISTRIBUTED GENERATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A recent emphasis in gasification technology development has been directed toward reduced-scale gasifier systems for distributed generation at remote sites. The domestic distributed power generation market over the next decade is expected to be 5-6 gigawatts per year. The global increase is expected at 20 gigawatts over the next decade. The economics of gasification for distributed power generation are significantly improved when fuel transport is minimized. Until recently, gasification technology has been synonymous with coal conversion. Presently, however, interest centers on providing clean-burning fuel to remote sites that are not necessarily near coal supplies but have sufficient alternative carbonaceous material to feed a small gasifier. Gasifiers up to 50 MW are of current interest, with emphasis on those of 5-MW generating capacity. Internal combustion engines offer a more robust system for utilizing the fuel gas, while fuel cells and microturbines offer higher electric conversion efficiencies. The initial focus of this multiyear effort was on internal combustion engines and microturbines as more realistic near-term options for distributed generation. In this project, we studied emerging gasification technologies that can provide gas from regionally available feedstock as fuel to power generators under 30 MW in a distributed generation setting. Larger-scale gasification, primarily coal-fed, has been used commercially for more than 50 years to produce clean synthesis gas for the refining, chemical, and power industries. Commercial-scale gasification activities are under way at 113 sites in 22 countries in North and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia, according to the Gasification Technologies Council. Gasification studies were carried out on alfalfa, black liquor (a high-sodium waste from the pulp industry), cow manure, and willow on the laboratory scale and on alfalfa, black liquor, and willow on the bench scale. Initial parametric tests evaluated through reactivity and product composition were carried out on thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) equipment. These tests were evaluated and then followed by bench-scale studies at 1123 K using an integrated bench-scale fluidized-bed gasifier (IBG) which can be operated in the semicontinuous batch mode. Products from tests were solid (ash), liquid (tar), and gas. Tar was separated on an open chromatographic column. Analysis of the gas product was carried out using on-line Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). For selected tests, gas was collected periodically and analyzed using a refinery gas analyzer GC (gas chromatograph). The solid product was not extensively analyzed. This report is a part of a search into emerging gasification technologies that can provide power under 30 MW in a distributed generation setting. Larger-scale gasification has been used commercially for more than 50 years to produce clean synthesis gas for the refining, chemical, and power industries, and it is probable that scaled-down applications for use in remote areas will become viable. The appendix to this report contains a list, description, and sources of currently available gasification technologies that could be or are being commercially applied for distributed generation. This list was gathered from current sources and provides information about the supplier, the relative size range, and the status of the technology.

Ronald C. Timpe; Michael D. Mann; Darren D. Schmidt

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Development and Deployment of a Short Rotation Woody Crops Harvesting System Based on a Case New Holland Forage Harvester and SRC Woody Crop Header  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Demand for bioenergy sourced from woody biomass is projected to increase; however, the expansion and rapid deployment of short rotation woody crop systems in the United States has been constrained by high production costs and sluggish market acceptance due to problems with quality and consistency from first-generation harvesting systems. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of crop conditions on the performance of a single-pass, cut and chip harvester based on a standard New Holland FR-9000 series forage harvester with a dedicated 130FB short rotation coppice header, and the quality of chipped material. A time motion analysis was conducted to track the movement of machine and chipped material through the system for 153 separate loads over 10 days on a 54-ha harvest. Harvester performance was regulated by either ground conditions, or standing biomass on 153 loads. Material capacities increased linearly with standing biomass up to 40 Mgwet ha-1 and plateaued between 70 and 90 Mgwet hr-1. Moisture contents ranged from 39 to 51% with the majority of samples between 43 and 45%. Loads produced in freezing weather (average temperature over 10 hours preceding load production) had 4% more chips greater than 25.4 mm (P < 0.0119). Over 1.5 Mgdry ha-1 of potentially harvested material (6-9% of a load) was left on site, of which half was commercially undesirable meristematic pieces. The New Holland harvesting system is a reliable and predictable platform for harvesting material over a wide range of standing biomass; performance was consistent overall in 14 willow cultivars.

Eisenbies, Mark [SUNY ESF; Volk, Timothy [SUNY ESF

2014-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

403

Biological Information Document, Radioactive Liquid Waste Treatment Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is intended to act as a baseline source material for risk assessments which can be used in Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements. The current Radioactive Liquid Waste Treatment Facility (RLWTF) does not meet current General Design Criteria for Non-reactor Nuclear Facilities and could be shut down affecting several DOE programs. This Biological Information Document summarizes various biological studies that have been conducted in the vicinity of new Proposed RLWTF site and an Alternative site. The Proposed site is located on Mesita del Buey, a mess top, and the Alternative site is located in Mortandad Canyon. The Proposed Site is devoid of overstory species due to previous disturbance and is dominated by a mixture of grasses, forbs, and scattered low-growing shrubs. Vegetation immediately adjacent to the site is a pinyon-juniper woodland. The Mortandad canyon bottom overstory is dominated by ponderosa pine, willow, and rush. The south-facing slope was dominated by ponderosa pine, mountain mahogany, oak, and muhly. The north-facing slope is dominated by Douglas fir, ponderosa pine, and oak. Studies on wildlife species are limited in the vicinity of the proposed project and further studies will be necessary to accurately identify wildlife populations and to what extent they utilize the project area. Some information is provided on invertebrates, amphibians and reptiles, and small mammals. Additional species information from other nearby locations is discussed in detail. Habitat requirements exist in the project area for one federally threatened wildlife species, the peregrine falcon, and one federal candidate species, the spotted bat. However, based on surveys outside of the project area but in similar habitats, these species are not expected to occur in either the Proposed or Alternative RLWTF sites. Habitat Evaluation Procedures were used to evaluate ecological functioning in the project area.

Biggs, J.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

404

Interactive Supercomputing’s Star-P Platform  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The thesis of this extended abstract is simple. High productivity comes from high level infrastructures. To measure this, we introduce a methodology that goes beyond the tradition of timing software in serial and tuned parallel modes. We perform a classroom productivity study involving 29 students who have written a homework exercise in a low level language (MPI message passing) and a high level language (Star-P with MATLAB client). Our conclusions indicate what perhaps should be of little surprise: (1) the high level language is always far easier on the students than the low level language. (2) The early versions of the high level language perform inadequately compared to the tuned low level language, but later versions substantially catch up. Asymptotically, the analogy must hold that message passing is to high level language parallel programming as assembler is to high level environments such as MATLAB, Mathematica, Maple, or even Python. We follow the Kepner method that correctly realizes that traditional speedup numbers without some discussion of the human cost of reaching these numbers can fail to reflect the true human productivity cost of high performance computing. Traditional data compares low level message passing with serial computation. With the benefit of a high level language system in place, in our case Star-P running with MATLAB client, and with the benefit of a large data pool: 29 students, each running the same code ten times on three evolutions of the same platform, we can methodically demonstrate the productivity gains. To date we are not aware of any high level system as extensive and interoperable as Star-P, nor are we aware of an experiment of this kind performed with this volume of data.

Edelman, Alan; Husbands, Parry; Leibman, Steve

2006-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

405

Modifying woody plants for efficient conversion to liquid and gaseous fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Short Rotation Woody Crop Program (SRWCP), Department of Energy, is developing woody plant species as sources of renewable energy. Much progress has been made in identifying useful species, and testing site adaptability, stand densities, coppicing abilities, rotation lengths, and harvesting systems. Conventional plant breeding and intensive cultural practices have been used to increase above-ground biomass yields. Given these and foreseeable accomplishments, program leaders are now shifting attention to prospects for altering biomass physical and chemical characteristics, and to ways for improving the efficiency with which biomass can be converted to gaseous and liquid fuels. This report provides a review and synthesis of literature concerning the quantity and quality of such characteristics and constituents, and opportunities for manipulating them via conventional selection and breeding and/or molecular biology. Species now used by SRWCP are emphasized, with supporting information drawn from others as needed. Little information was found on silver maple (Acer saccharinum), but general comparisons (Isenberg 1981) suggest composition and behavior similar to those of the other species. Where possible, conclusions concerning means for and feasibility of manipulation are given, along with expected impacts on conversion efficiency. Information is also provided on relationships to other traits, genotype X environment interactions, and potential trade-offs or limitations. Biomass productivity per se is not addressed, except in terms of effects that may by caused by changes in constituent quality and/or quantity. Such effects are noted to the extent they are known or can be estimated. Likely impacts of changes, however effected, on suitability or other uses, e.g., pulp and paper manufacture, are notes. 311 refs., 4 figs., 9 tabs.

Dinus, R.J.; Dimmel, D.R.; Feirer, R.P.; Johnson, M.A.; Malcolm, E.W. (Institute of Paper Science and Technology, Atlanta, GA (USA))

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Dual Layer Monolith ATR of Pyrolysis Oil for Distributed Synthesis Gas Production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have successfully demonstrated a novel reactor technology, based on BASF dual layer monolith catalyst, for miniaturizing the autothermal reforming of pyrolysis oil to syngas, the second and most critical of the three steps for thermochemically converting biomass waste to liquid transportation fuel. The technology was applied to aged as well as fresh samples of pyrolysis oil derived from five different biomass feedstocks, namely switch-grass, sawdust, hardwood/softwood, golden rod and maple. Optimization of process conditions in conjunction with innovative reactor system design enabled the minimization of carbon deposit and control of the H2/CO ratio of the product gas. A comprehensive techno-economic analysis of the integrated process using in part, experimental data from the project, indicates (1) net energy recovery of 49% accounting for all losses and external energy input, (2) weight of diesel oil produced as a percent of the biomass to be ~14%, and (3) for a �demonstration� size biomass to Fischer-Tropsch liquid plant of ~ 2000 daily barrels of diesel, the price of the diesel produced is ~$3.30 per gallon, ex. tax. However, the extension of catalyst life is critical to the realization of the projected economics. Catalyst deactivation was observed and the modes of deactivation, both reversible and irreversible were identified. An effective catalyst regeneration strategy was successfully demonstrated for reversible catalyst deactivation while a catalyst preservation strategy was proposed for preventing irreversible catalyst deactivation. Future work should therefore be focused on extending the catalyst life, and a successful demonstration of an extended (> 500 on-stream hours) catalyst life would affirm the commercial viability of the process.

Lawal, Adeniyi [Stevens Institute of Technology, Castle Point Hoboken NJ 07030

2012-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

407

Overcoming the Recalcitrance of Cellulosic Biomass by Value Prior to Pulping: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-07-221  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Value Prior to Pulping (VPP) project goal was to demonstrate the technical and commercial feasibility of introducing a new value stream into existing pulp and paper mills. Essentially the intent was to transfer the energy content of extracted hemicellulose from electricity and steam generated in the recovery boiler to a liquid transportation fuel. The hemicellulose fraction was extracted prior to pulping, fractionated, or conditioned if necessary, and fermented to ethanol. Commercial adaptation of the process to wood hemicelluloses was a prerequisite for using this less currently valued component available from biomass and wood. These hemicelluloses are predominately glucurono-xylan in hardwoods and galactoglucomannan in softwoods (with a significant softwood component of an arabino-xylan) and will yield fermentation substrates different from cellulose. NREL provided its expertise in the area of fermentation host evaluation using its Zymomonas strains on the CleanTech Partner's (CTP) VPP project. The project was focused on the production of fuel ethanol and acetic acid from hemicellulose streams generated from wood chips of industrially important hardwood and softwood species. NREL was one of four partners whose ethanologen was tested on the hydrolyzed extracts. The use of commercially available enzymes to treat oligomeric sugar extracts was also investigated and coupled with fermentation. Fermentations by NREL were conducted with the Zymomonas mobilis organism with most of the work being performed with the 8b strain. The wood extracts hydrolyzed and/or fermented by NREL were those derived from maple, mixed southern hardwoods, and loblolly pine. An unhydrolyzed variant of the mixed southern hardwood extract possessed a large concentration of oligomeric sugars and enzymatic hydrolysis was performed with a number of enzymes, followed by fermentation. The fermentation of the wood extracts was carried out at bench scale in flasks or small bioreactors, with a maximum volume of 500 mL.

Lowell, A.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

BASELINE MEMBRANE SELECTION AND CHARACTERIZATION FOR AN SDE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermochemical processes are being developed to provide global-scale quantities of hydrogen. A variant on sulfur-based thermochemical cycles is the Hybrid Sulfur (HyS) Process which uses a sulfur dioxide depolarized electrolyzer (SDE) to produce the hydrogen. In FY05 and FY06, testing at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) explored a low temperature fuel cell design concept for the SDE. The advantages of this design concept include high electrochemical efficiency and small footprint that are crucial for successful implementation on a commercial scale. A key component of the SDE is the ion conductive membrane through which protons produced at anode migrate to the cathode and react to produce hydrogen. An ideal membrane for the SDE should have both low ionic resistivity and low sulfur dioxide transport. These features allow the electrolyzer to perform at high currents with low potentials, along with preventing contamination of both the hydrogen output and poisoning of the catalysts involved. Another key component is the electrocatalyst material used for the anode and cathode. Good electrocatalysts should be chemically stable and have a low overpotential for the desired electrochemical reactions. This report summarizes results from activities to evaluate commercial and experimental membranes for the SDE. Several different types of commercially-available membranes were analyzed for sulfur dioxide transport as a function of acid strength including perfluorinated sulfonic acid (PFSA), sulfonated poly-etherketone-ketone, and poly-benzimidazole (PBI) membranes. Experimental membranes from the sulfonated diels-alder polyphenylenes (SDAPP) and modified Nafion{reg_sign} 117 were evaluated for SO{sub 2} transport as well. These membranes exhibited reduced transport coefficient for SO{sub 2} transport without the loss in ionic conductivity. The use of Nafion{reg_sign} with EW 1100 is recommended for the present SDE testing due to the limited data regarding chemical and mechanical stability of experimental membranes. Development of new composite membranes by incorporating metal particles or by forming multilayers between PFSA membranes and hydrocarbon membranes will provide methods that will meet the SDE targets (SO{sub 2} transport reduction by a factor of 100) while decreasing catalyst layer delamination and membrane resistivity.

Colon-Mercado, H; David Hobbs, D

2007-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

409

FY08 MEMBRANE CHARACTERIZATION REPORT FOR HYBRID SULFUR ELECTROLYZER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes results from all of the membrane testing completed to date at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) for the sulfur dioxide-depolarized electrolyzer (SDE). Several types of commercially-available membranes have been analyzed for ionic resistance and sulfur dioxide transport including perfluorinated sulfonic acid (PFSA), sulfonated polyether-ketone-ketone (SPEKK), and polybenzimidazole membranes (PBI). Of these membrane types, the poly-benzimidazole membrane, Celtec-L, exhibited the best combination of characteristics for use in an SDE. Several experimental membranes have also been analyzed including hydrated sulfonated Diels-Alder polyphenylenes (SDAPP) membranes from Sandia National Laboratory, perfluorosulfonimide (PFSI) and sulfonated perfluorocyclobutyl aromatic ether (S-PFCB) prepared by Clemson University, hydrated platinum-treated PFSA prepared by Giner Electrochemical Systems (GES) and Pt-Nafion{reg_sign} 115 composites prepared at SRNL. The chemical stability, SO{sub 2} transport and ionic conductivity characteristics have been measured for several commercially available and experimental proton-conducting membranes. Commercially available PFSA membranes such as the Nafion{reg_sign} series exhibited excellent chemical stability and ionic conductivity in sulfur dioxide saturated sulfuric acid solutions. Sulfur dioxide transport in the Nafion{reg_sign} membranes varied proportionally with the thickness and equivalent weight of the membrane. Although the SO{sub 2} transport in the Nafion{reg_sign} membranes is higher than desired, the excellent chemical stability and conductivity makes this membrane the best commercially-available membrane at this time. Initial results indicated that a modified Nafion{reg_sign} membrane incorporating Pt nanoparticles exhibited significantly reduced SO{sub 2} transport. Reduced SO{sub 2} transport was also measured with commercially available PBI membrane and several experimental membranes produced at SNL and Clemson. These membranes also exhibit good chemical stability and conductivity in concentrated sulfuric acid solutions and, thus, serve as promising candidates for the SDE. Therefore, we recommend further testing of these membranes including electrolyzer testing to determine if the reduced SO{sub 2} transport eliminates the formation of sulfur-containing films at the membrane/cathode interface. SO{sub 2} transport measurements in the custom built characterization cell identified experimental limitations of the original design. During the last quarter of FY08 we redesigned and fabricated a new testing cell to overcome the previous limitations. This cell also offers the capability to test membranes under polarized conditions as well as test the performance of MEAs under selected electrolyzer conditions.

Hobbs, D; Hector Colon-Mercado, H; Mark Elvington, M

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Multimodality Imaging with Silica-Based Targeted Nanoparticle Platforms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Objectives: To synthesize and characterize a C-Dot silica-based nanoparticle containing 'clickable' groups for the subsequent attachment of targeting moieties (e.g., peptides) and multiple contrast agents (e.g., radionuclides with high specific activity) [1,2]. These new constructs will be tested in suitable tumor models in vitro and in vivo to ensure maintenance of target-specificity and high specific activity. Methods: Cy5 dye molecules are cross-linked to a silica precursor which is reacted to form a dye-rich core particle. This core is then encapsulated in a layer of pure silica to create the core-shell C-Dot (Figure 1) [2]. A 'click' chemistry approach has been used to functionalize the silica shell with radionuclides conferring high contrast and specific activity (e.g. 64Cu and 89Zr) and peptides for tumor targeting (e.g. cRGD and octreotate) [3]. Based on the selective Diels-Alder reaction between tetrazine and norbornene, the reaction is bioorthogonal, highyielding, rapid, and water-compatible. This radiolabeling approach has already been employed successfully with both short peptides (e.g. octreotate) and antibodies (e.g. trastuzumab) as model systems for the ultimate labeling of the nanoparticles [1]. Results: PEGylated C-Dots with a Cy5 core and labeled with tetrazine have been synthesized (d = 55 nm, zeta potential = -3 mV) reliably and reproducibly and have been shown to be stable under physiological conditions for up to 1 month. Characterization of the nanoparticles revealed that the immobilized Cy5 dye within the C-Dots exhibited fluorescence intensities over twice that of the fluorophore alone. The nanoparticles were successfully radiolabeled with Cu-64. Efforts toward the conjugation of targeting peptides (e.g. cRGD) are underway. In vitro stability, specificity, and uptake studies as well as in vivo imaging and biodistribution investigations will be presented. Conclusions: C-Dot silica-based nanoparticles offer a robust, versatile, and multi-functional platform to enhance in vivo detection sensitivity and non-invasively assay receptor expression/status of tumor cellular targets, including those of low abundance, using nuclear-NIR fluorescence imaging approaches [2]. Improvements in molecular diagnostics, refined by the availability of nanotechnology platforms, will be a key determinant in driving early-stage disease detection and prevention, ultimately leading to decreases in mortality.

Jason S. Lewis

2012-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

411

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-15)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission lines. Work also includes clearing of a small (<1/4 mile) section of access road. All work will be in accordance with the National Electrical Safety Code and BPA standards. See Section 1.1 of the attached checklist for detailed information on each section of the referenced transmission lines. BPA will conduct the vegetation control with the goal of removing tall-growing vegetation that is currently or will soon be a hazard to the transmission lines and where possible to promote low-growing plant communities in the right-of-way. This project meets the standards and guidelines for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and Record of Decision (ROD). The vegetation needing control is mainly Douglas Fir, Alder, and blackberries as indicated in Section 1.2 of the attached checklist. The work involved in the ROW includes: clearing tall growing vegetation that is currently or will soon pose a hazard to the lines; treating the associated stumps and re-sprouts with herbicide to ensure that the roots are killed preventing new sprouts; and selectively eliminating tall growing vegetation before it reaches a height or density to begin competing with low-growing vegetation. All work will take place in existing rights-of-ways and around transmission structures. All work will be accomplished by selective vegetation control methods to assure that there is little potential harm to non-target vegetation and to low-growing plants. The work will provide system reliability and fire protection. Also, all off right-of-way trees that are potentially unstable and will fall within a minimum distance or into the zone where the conductors swing will be removed. Access roads will be treated using mowing and herbicide applications. The work will provide system reliability. The subject transmission lines range from 115kV to 230kV and are made up of accompanying access roads, steel and wooden transmission line structures and associated switching platforms. The minimum clearance ranges from 21 feet for 115kV lines to 23 feet for 230kV lines. ROW easement widths vary along the length of the project. Vegetation control for this project is designed to provide a 3 year maintenance free interval. In summary, the overall vegetation management scheme will be to selectively remove tall growing vegetation then apply selective herbicide treatment using cut stump applications.

N /A

2001-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

412

Seismic Characterization of Coal-Mining Seismicity in Utah for CTBT Monitoring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Underground coal mining (down to {approx}0.75 km depth) in the contiguous Wasatch Plateau (WP) and Book Cliffs (BC) mining districts of east-central Utah induces abundant seismicity that is monitored by the University of Utah regional seismic network. This report presents the results of a systematic characterization of mining seismicity (magnitude {le} 4.2) in the WP-BC region from January 1978 to June 2000-together with an evaluation of three seismic events (magnitude {le} 4.3) associated with underground trona mining in southwestern Wyoming during January-August 2000. (Unless specified otherwise, magnitude implies Richter local magnitude, M{sub L}.) The University of Utah Seismograph Stations (UUSS) undertook this cooperative project to assist the University of California Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) in research and development relating to monitoring the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). The project, which formally began February 28, 1998, and ended September 1, 2000, had three basic objectives: (1) Strategically install a three-component broadband digital seismic station in the WP-BC region to ensure the continuous recording of high-quality waveform data to meet the long-term needs of LLNL, UUSS, and other interested parties, including the international CTBT community. (2) Determine source mechanisms--to the extent that available source data and resources allowed--for comparative seismic characterization of stress release in mines versus earthquakes in the WP-BC study region. (3) Gather and report to LLNL local information on mine operations and associated seismicity, including ''ground truth'' for significant events. Following guidance from LLNL's Technical Representative, the focus of Objective 2 was changed slightly to place emphasis on three mining-related events that occurred in and near the study area after the original work plan had been made, thus posing new targets of opportunity. These included: a magnitude 3.8 shock that occurred close to the Willow Creek coal mine in the Book Cliffs area on February 5, 1998 (UTC date), just prior to the start of this project; a magnitude 4.2 shock on March 7,2000 (UTC date), in the same area as the February 5 event; and a magnitude 4.3 shock that occurred on January 30,2000 (UTC and local date), associated with a panel collapse at the Solvay trona mine in southwestern Wyoming. This is the same mine in which an earlier collapse event of magnitude 5.2 occurred in February 1995, attracting considerable attention from the CTBT community.

Arabasz, W J; Pechmann, J C

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Multicomponent Seismic Analysis and Calibration to Improve Recovery from Algal Mounds: Application to the Roadrunner/Towaoc area of the Paradox Basin, UTE Mountain UTE Reservation, Colorado  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goals of this project were: (1) To enhance recovery of oil contained within algal mounds on the Ute Mountain Ute tribal lands. (2) To promote the use of advanced technology and expand the technical capability of the Native American Oil production corporations by direct assistance in the current project and dissemination of technology to other Tribes. (3) To develop an understanding of multicomponent seismic data as it relates to the variations in permeability and porosity of algal mounds, as well as lateral facies variations, for use in both reservoir development and exploration. (4) To identify any undiscovered algal mounds for field-extension within the area of seismic coverage. (5) To evaluate the potential for applying CO{sub 2} floods, steam floods, water floods or other secondary or tertiary recovery processes to increase production. The technical work scope was carried out by: (1) Acquiring multicomponent seismic data over the project area; (2) Processing and reprocessing the multicomponent data to extract as much geological and engineering data as possible within the budget and time-frame of the project; (3) Preparing maps and data volumes of geological and engineering data based on the multicomponent seismic and well data; (4) Selecting drilling targets if warranted by the seismic interpretation; (5) Constructing a static reservoir model of the project area; and (6) Constructing a dynamic history-matched simulation model from the static model. The original project scope covered a 6 mi{sup 2} (15.6 km{sup 2}) area encompassing two algal mound fields (Towaoc and Roadrunner). 3D3C seismic data was to acquired over this area to delineate mound complexes and image internal reservoir properties such as porosity and fluid saturations. After the project began, the Red Willow Production Company, a project partner and fully-owned company of the Southern Ute Tribe, contributed additional money to upgrade the survey to a nine-component (3D9C) survey. The purpose of this upgrade to nine components was to provide additional shear wave component data that might prove useful in delineating internal mound reservoir attributes. Also, Red Willow extended the P-wave portion of the survey to the northwest of the original 6 mi{sup 2} (15.6 km{sup 2}) 3D9C area in order to extend coverage further to the northwest to the Marble Wash area. In order to accomplish this scope of work, 3D9C seismic data set covering two known reservoirs was acquired and processed. Three-dimensional, zero-offset vertical seismic profile (VSP) data was acquired to determine the shear wave velocities for processing the sh3Dseismic data. Anisotropic velocity, and azimuthal AVO processing was carried out in addition to the conventional 3D P-wave data processing. All P-, PS- and S-wave volumes of the seismic data were interpreted to map the seismic response. The interpretation consisted of conventional cross-plots of seismic attributes vs. geological and reservoir engineering data, as well as multivariate and neural net analyses to assess whether additional resolution on exploration and engineering parameters could be achieved through the combined use of several seismic variables. Engineering data in the two reservoirs was used to develop a combined lithology, structure and permeability map. On the basis of the seismic data, a well was drilled into the northern mound trend in the project area. This well, Roadrunner No.9-2, was brought into production in late April 2006 and continues to produce modest amounts of oil and gas. As of the end of August 2007, the well has produced approximately 12,000 barrels of oil and 32,000 mcf of gas. A static reservoir model was created from the seismic data interpretations and well data. The seismic data was tied to various markers identified in the well logs, which in turn were related to lithostratigraphy. The tops and thicknesses of the various units were extrapolated from well control based upon the seismic data that was calibrated to the well picks. The reservoir engineering properties were available from a number of wel

Joe Hachey

2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

414

Operational restoration of the Pen Branch bottomland hardwood and swamp wetlands - the research setting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Savannah River Swamp is a 3020 Ha forested wetland on the floodplain of the Savannah River and is located on the Department of Energy's Savannah River Site (SRS) near Aiken, SC. Historically the swamp consisted of approximately 50 percent bald cypress-water tupelo stands, 40 percent mixed bottomland hardwood stands, and 10 percent shrub, marsh, and open water. Creek corridors were typical of Southeastern bottomland hardwood forests. The hydrology was controlled by flooding of the Savannah River and by flow from four creeks that drain into the swamp prior to flow into the Savannah River. Upstream dams have caused some alteration of the water levels and timing of flooding within the floodplain. Major impacts to the swamp hydrology occurred with the completion of the production reactors and one coal-fired powerhouse at the SRS in the early 1950's. Water was pumped from the Savannah River, through secondary heat exchangers of the reactors, and discharged into three of the tributary streams that flow into the swamp. Flow in one of the tributaries, Pen Branch, was typically 0.3 m3 s-1 (10-20) cfs prior to reactor pumping and 11.0 m3 s-1 (400 cfs) during pumping. This continued from 1954 to 1988 at various levels. The sustained increases in water volume resulted in overflow of the original stream banks and the creation of additional floodplains. Accompanying this was considerable erosion of the original stream corridor and deposition of a deep silt layer on the newly formed delta. Heated water was discharged directly into Pen Branch and water temperature in the stream often exceeded 65 degrees C. The nearly continuous flooding of the swamp, the thermal load of the water, and the heavy silting resulted in complete mortality of the original vegetation in large areas of the floodplain. In the years since pumping was reduced, early succession has begun in some affected areas. Most of this has been herbs, grasses, and shrubs. Areas that have seedlings are generally willow thickets that support a lower diversity of wildlife. No volunteer seedlings of heavy-seeded hardwoods or cypress have been found in the corridor areas. Research was conducted to determine methods to reintroduce tree species characteristic of more mature forested wetlands. Three restoration strategies were formulated to deal with the differing conditions of the Upper Corridor, the Lower Corridor, and the Delta regions of the impacted area. Site preparation and planting of each area with mixtures of tree species were carried out to speed the restoration of the ecosystem. Species composition and selection were altered based on the current and expected hydrological regimes that the reforestation areas will be experiencing. Because of the operational design of the restoration project, a research program naturally followed to document the success. Many of those efforts are detailed here.

Nelson, E.A.

2000-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

415

U.S. Billion-Ton Update: Biomass Supply for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report, Biomass as Feedstock for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasibility of a Billion-Ton Annual Supply (generally referred to as the Billion-Ton Study or 2005 BTS), was an estimate of 'potential' biomass based on numerous assumptions about current and future inventory, production capacity, availability, and technology. The analysis was made to determine if conterminous U.S. agriculture and forestry resources had the capability to produce at least one billion dry tons of sustainable biomass annually to displace 30% or more of the nation's present petroleum consumption. An effort was made to use conservative estimates to assure confidence in having sufficient supply to reach the goal. The potential biomass was projected to be reasonably available around mid-century when large-scale biorefineries are likely to exist. The study emphasized primary sources of forest- and agriculture-derived biomass, such as logging residues, fuel treatment thinnings, crop residues, and perennially grown grasses and trees. These primary sources have the greatest potential to supply large, reliable, and sustainable quantities of biomass. While the primary sources were emphasized, estimates of secondary residue and tertiary waste resources of biomass were also provided. The original Billion-Ton Resource Assessment, published in 2005, was divided into two parts-forest-derived resources and agriculture-derived resources. The forest resources included residues produced during the harvesting of merchantable timber, forest residues, and small-diameter trees that could become available through initiatives to reduce fire hazards and improve forest health; forest residues from land conversion; fuelwood extracted from forests; residues generated at primary forest product processing mills; and urban wood wastes, municipal solid wastes (MSW), and construction and demolition (C&D) debris. For these forest resources, only residues, wastes, and small-diameter trees were considered. The 2005 BTS did not attempt to include any wood that would normally be used for higher-valued products (e.g., pulpwood) that could potentially shift to bioenergy applications. This would have required a separate economic analysis, which was not part of the 2005 BTS. The agriculture resources in the 2005 BTS included grains used for biofuels production; crop residues derived primarily from corn, wheat, and small grains; and animal manures and other residues. The cropland resource analysis also included estimates of perennial energy crops (e.g., herbaceous grasses, such as switchgrass, woody crops like hybrid poplar, as well as willow grown under short rotations and more intensive management than conventional plantation forests). Woody crops were included under cropland resources because it was assumed that they would be grown on a combination of cropland and pasture rather than forestland. In the 2005 BTS, current resource availability was estimated at 278 million dry tons annually from forestlands and slightly more than 194 million dry tons annually from croplands. These annual quantities increase to about 370 million dry tons from forestlands and to nearly 1 billion dry tons from croplands under scenario conditions of high-yield growth and large-scale plantings of perennial grasses and woody tree crops. This high-yield scenario reflects a mid-century timescale ({approx}2040-2050). Under conditions of lower-yield growth, estimated resource potential was projected to be about 320 and 580 million dry tons for forest and cropland biomass, respectively. As noted earlier, the 2005 BTS emphasized the primary resources (agricultural and forestry residues and energy crops) because they represent nearly 80% of the long-term resource potential. Since publication of the BTS in April 2005, there have been some rather dramatic changes in energy markets. In fact, just prior to the actual publication of the BTS, world oil prices started to increase as a result of a burgeoning worldwide demand and concerns about long-term supplies. By the end of the summer, oil pri

Downing, Mark [ORNL; Eaton, Laurence M [ORNL; Graham, Robin Lambert [ORNL; Langholtz, Matthew H [ORNL; Perlack, Robert D [ORNL; Turhollow Jr, Anthony F [ORNL; Stokes, Bryce [Navarro Research & Engineering; Brandt, Craig C [ORNL

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Habitat Evaluation Procedures (HEP) Report; Steigerwald Lake National Wildlife Refuge, Technical Report 2000-2001.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Steigenvald Lake National Wildlife Refuge (NWR, refuge) was established as a result of the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers (COE) transferring ownership of the Stevenson tract located in the historic Steigerwald Lake site to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS, Service) for the mitigation of the fish and wildlife losses associated with the construction of a second powerhouse at the Bonneville Dam on the Columbia River and relocation of the town of North Bonneville (Public Law 98-396). The construction project was completed in 1983 and resulted in the loss of approximately 577 acres of habitat on the Washington shore of the Columbia River (USFWS, 1982). The COE determined that acquisition and development of the Steigenvald Lake area, along with other on-site project management actions, would meet their legal obligation to mitigate for these impacts (USCOE, 1985). Mitigation requirements included restoration and enhancement of this property to increase overall habitat diversity and productivity. From 1994 to 1999, 317 acres of additional lands, consisting of four tracts of contiguous land, were added to the original refuge with Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) funds provided through the Washington Wildlife Mitigation Agreement. These tracts comprised Straub (191 acres), James (90 acres), Burlington Northern (27 acres), and Bliss (9 acres). Refer to Figure 1. Under this Agreement, BPA budgeted $2,730,000 to the Service for 'the protection, mitigation, and enhancement of wildlife and wildlife habitat that was adversely affected by the construction of Federal hydroelectric dams on the Columbia River or its tributaries' in the state of Washington (BPA, 1993). Lands acquired for mitigation resulting from BPA actions are evaluated using the habitat evaluation procedures (HEP) methodology, which quantifies how many Habitat Units (HUs) are to be credited to BPA. HUs or credits gained lessen BPA's debt, which was formally tabulated in the Federal Columbia River Power System Loss Assessments and adopted as part of the Northwest Power Planning Council's Fish and Wildlife Program as a BPA obligation (BPA, 1994). Steigenvald Lake NWR is located in southwest Washington (Clark County), within the Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area. Historically part of the Columbia River flood plain, the refuge area was disconnected from the river by a series of dikes constructed by the COE for flood control in 1966. An aerial photograph from 1948 portrays this area as an exceedingly complex mosaic of open water, wetlands, sloughs, willow and cottonwood stands, wet meadows, upland pastures, and agricultural fields, which once supported a large assemblage of fish and wildlife populations. Eliminating the threat of periodic inundation by the Columbia River allowed landowners to more completely convert the area into upland pasture and farmland through channelization and removal of standing water. Native pastures were 'improved' for grazing by the introduction of non-native fescues, orchard grass, ryegrass, and numerous clovers. Although efforts to drain the lake were not entirely successful, wetland values were still significantly reduced.

Allard, Donna

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Similarity of nutrient uptake and root dimensions of Engelmann spruce and subalpine fir at two contrasting sites in Colorado  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nutrient uptake capacity is an important parameter in modeling nutrient uptake by plants. Researchers commonly assume that uptake capacity measured for a species can be used across sites. We tested this assumption by measuring the nutrient uptake capacity of intact roots of Engelmann spruce (Picea engelmanni Parry) and subalpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa (Hook.) Nutt.) at Loch Vale Watershed and Fraser Experimental Forest in the Rocky Mountains of central Colorado. Roots still attached to the tree were exposed to one of three concentrations of nutrient solutions for time periods ranging from 1 to 96 hours, and solutions were analyzed for ammonium, nitrate, calcium, magnesium, and potassium. Surprisingly, the two species were indistinguishable in nutrient uptake within site for all nutrients (P > 0.25), but uptake rates differed by site. In general, nutrient uptake was higher at Fraser (P = 0.01, 0.15, 0.03, 0.18 for NH{sub 4}{sup +}, NO{sub 3}{sup -}, Ca{sup 2+}, and K{sup +}, respectively), which is west of the Continental Divide and has lower atmospheric deposition of N than Loch Vale. Mean uptake rates by site for ambient solution concentrations were 0.12 {micro}mol NH{sub 4}{sup +} g{sub fwt}{sup -1} h{sup -1}, 0.02 {micro}mol NO{sub 3}{sup -} g{sub fwt}{sup -1}, 0.21 {micro}mol Ca{sup 2+} g{sub fwt}{sup -1} h{sup -1}, and 0.01 {micro}mol Mg{sup 2+} g{sub fwt}{sup -1} h{sup -1} at Loch Vale, and 0.21 {micro}mol NH{sub 4}{sup +} f{sub fwt}{sup -1}h{sup -1}, 0.04 {micro}mol NO{sub 3}{sup -} g{sub fwt}{sup -1} h{sup -1}, 0.51 {micro}mol Ca{sup 2+}g{sub fwt}{sup -1}h{sup -1}, and 0.07 {micro}mol Mg{sup 2+} f{sub fwt}{sup -1}h{sup -1} at Fraser. The importance of site conditions in determining uptake capacity should not be overlooked when parameterizing nutrient uptake models. We also characterized the root morphology of these two species and compared them to other tree species we have measured at various sites in the northeastern USA. Engelman spruce and subalpine fir were indistinguishable in specific root length and diameter distribution, while most of the other ten species had statistically distinct diameter distributions across five diameter classes < 2 mm. Based on specific root length, subalpine fir and Engelmann spruce had significantly coarser roots than red pine (Pinus resinosa Soland), yellow birch (Betula allegheniensis Britt.), sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.), chestnut oak (Quercus prinus L.), black cherry (Prunus serotina Ehrh.), and red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.). White oak (Quercus alba L.), balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.), American beech (Fagus grandifolia Ehrh.) and loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) were intermediate in SRL (indistinguishable from Engelmann spruce and subalpine fir by ANOVA). Species that differ more in physiology and morphology than the two species we compared would likely show dissimilar uptake characteristics even at the same site.

Yanai, R; McFarlane, K; Lucash, M; Kulpa, S; Wood, D

2009-10-09T23:59:59.000Z