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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alcohol enhancement cxs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

An explanation for enhanced perceptions of attractiveness after alcohol consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An explanation for enhanced perceptions of attractiveness after alcohol consumption L.G. Halseya alcohol consumption increases ratings of attractiveness to faces. This may help to explain increased attraction may be the result of alcohol consumption decreasing ability to detect bilateral asymmetry

Little, Tony

2

Alcohol flushing for enhanced removal of coal tar from contaminated soils  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Alcohol flushing for enhancing the removal of coal tar from contaminated soils and reducing coal tar concentrations in the aqueous-phase leachate was investigated. Four soil columns were packed with relatively undisturbed coal tar contaminated soils collected from a former coal gasification site. These columns were leached with water and then flushed with isopropyl alcohol (IPA) solutions. Initially, total coal tar concentrations in water leachate ranged from = 0.1 to 150 mg/L for the four columns. Coal tar concentrations in the column effluent generally increased three to five orders of magnitude during the initial IPA flush. Each column was flushed with 1-3 pore volumes of an IPA solution. Reduction of coal tar concentrations in water leachate, attributed to the alcohol flushing, was noted in three of the four columns. The total coal tar removed from the soil columns during the IPA flushes constituted from 54 to 97% of the total coal tar removed during both water leaching (240-800 pore volumes) and alcohol flushing (1-3 pore volumes). The alcohol flushing removed from 3 to 19 % of the total coal tar in the various soil columns. Results indicated that alcohol flushing can enhance the removal of coal tar from contaminated soils and can reduce the aqueous-phase coal tar concentrations in the leachate. 16 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

Hayden, N.J. [Univ. of Vermont, Burlington, VT (United States); Van der Hoven, E.J. [Living Technologies, Inc., Burlington, VT (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

A randomized trial evaluating an mHealth system to monitor and enhance adherence to pharmacotherapy for alcohol use disorders  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nonadherence to prescribed medication regimens is a substantial barrier to the pharmacological management of alcohol use disorders. The availability of low-cost, sustainable interventions that maximize medication...

Susan A Stoner; Christian S Hendershot

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Alcohol Consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Different forms of alcohol have different functions: as part of cleaners, fuel, medicine, etc. Worldwide the substance is well known as a component of different alcoholic beverages. These beverages differ no...

Gundula Barsch

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Furfuryl alcohol cellular product  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Self-extinguishing rigid foam products are formed by polymerization of furfuryl alcohol in the presence of a lightweight, particulate, filler, zinc chloride and selected catalysts.

Sugama, T.; Kukacka, L.E.

1982-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

6

Supported metal catalysts for alcohol/sugar alcohol steam reforming  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite extensive studies on hydrogen production via steam reforming of alcohols and sugar alcohols, catalysts typically suffer a variety of issues from poor hydrogen selectivity to rapid deactivation. Here, we summarize recent advances in fundamental understanding of functionality and structure of catalysts for alcohol/sugar alcohol steam reforming, and provide perspectives on further development required to design highly efficient steam reforming catalysts.

Davidson, Stephen; Zhang, He; Sun, Junming; Wang, Yong

2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

7

Alcohol | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alcohol Alcohol Dataset Summary Description The Energy Statistics Database contains comprehensive energy statistics on the production, trade, conversion and final consumption of primary and secondary; conventional and non-conventional; and new and renewable sources of energy. The Energy Statistics dataset, covering the period from 1990 on, is available at UNdata. This dataset relates to the consumption of alcohol by the transportation industry. Source United Nations (UN) Date Released December 09th, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords Agriculture Alcohol consumption transportation industry UN Data application/xml icon UN Data: consumption by transportation industry XML (xml, 95 KiB) text/csv icon UN Data: consumption by transportation industry XLS (csv, 21.6 KiB)

8

Alcohol Poisoning Death in New Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alcohol poisoning results from the rapid ingestion of large quantities of alcohol, which can lead to very high blood alcohol concentrations and death. In the past several years, the highly publicized alcohol-poisoning

unknown authors

9

Fuel alcohol opportunities for Indiana  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Prepared at the request of US Senator Birch Bayh, Chairman of the National Alcohol Fuels Commission, this study may be best utilized as a guidebook and resource manual to foster the development of a statewide fuel alcohol plan. It examines sectors in Indiana which will impact or be impacted upon by the fuel alcohol industry. The study describes fuel alcohol technologies that could be pertinent to Indiana and also looks closely at how such a fuel alcohol industry may affect the economic and policy development of the State. Finally, the study presents options for Indiana, taking into account the national context of the developing fuel alcohol industry which, unlike many others, will be highly decentralized and more under the control of the lifeblood of our society - the agricultural community.

None

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Alcohol Use, Comorbidity, and Mortality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with alcohol use: previous heart attack, previous stroke,and prior history of heart attack, stroke, hypertension, andNonsmoker Hypertension, % Heart attack, % Stroke, % Diabetes

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Alcohol policy process in Thailand.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The thesis describes and analyses the Thai alcohol policy process in the period 1997 - 2006, in order to investigate the characteristics and areas for… (more)

Thaksaphon, Thamarangsi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Gene therapy in alcoholic rats  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

70 70 Sept. 9, 2001 Gene Therapy Reduces Drinking in "Alcoholic" Rats UPTON, NY - Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have shown that increasing the level of a brain protein important for transmitting pleasure signals can turn rats that prefer alcohol into light drinkers, and those with no preference into near teetotalers. The findings, published in the first September 2001 issue of the Journal of Neurochemistry (Vol. 78, No. 5), may have implications for the prevention and treatment of alcoholism in humans. "This is a preliminary study, but when you see a rat that chooses to drink 80 to 90 percent of its daily fluid as alcohol, and then three days later it's down to 20 percent, that's a dramatic drop in alcohol intake - a very clear change in behavior," said Panayotis Thanos, the lead researcher. "This gives us great hope that we can refine this treatment for future clinical use."

13

Nucleic acid molecules conferring enhanced ethanol tolerance and microorganisms having enhanced tolerance to ethanol  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides isolated nucleic acid molecules which encode a mutant acetaldehyde-CoA/alcohol dehydrogenase or mutant alcohol dehydrogenase and confer enhanced tolerance to ethanol. The invention also provides related expression vectors, genetically engineered microorganisms having enhanced tolerance to ethanol, as well as methods of making and using such genetically modified microorganisms for production of biofuels based on fermentation of biomass materials.

Brown, Steven; Guss, Adam; Yang, Shihui; Karpinets, Tatiana; Lynd, Lee; Shao, Xiongjun

2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

14

Catalyst Activity Comparison of Alcohols over Zeolites. | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Activity Comparison of Alcohols over Zeolites. Catalyst Activity Comparison of Alcohols over Zeolites. Abstract: Alcohol transformation to transportation fuel range hydrocarbon on...

15

Hello, my name is ____, and I'm an alcoholic: A study of organizational identification and commitment to Alcoholics Anonymous  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vice (www.alcoholics- anonymous.org/ The alcoholic can recover, n.d.). This description of the dual components of alcoholism provides a glimpse into the difficulties alcoholics face, once they realize they have a drinking problem. A lifetime...

Hall, Dana Ferguson

2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

16

High compression ratio turbo gasoline engine operation using alcohol enhancement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gasoline - ethanol blends were explored as a strategy to mitigate engine knock, a phenomena in spark ignition engine combustion when a portion of the end gas is compressed to the point of spontaneous auto-ignition. This ...

Lewis, Raymond (Raymond A.)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Fumigation of alcohol in a light duty automotive diesel engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A light-duty automotive diesel engine was fumigated with methanol and ethanol in amounts up to 35% and 50% of the total fuel energy respectively. The main purpose of this study was to determine the effect of alcohol (methanol and ethanol) fumigation on engine performance at various operating conditions. Engine fuel efficiency, emissions, smoke, and the occurrence of severe knock were the parameters used to evaluate performance. Raw exhaust particulate and its soluble organic extract were screened for biological activity using the Ames Salmonella typhimurium assay. Results are given for a test matrix made up of twelve steady-state operating conditions. For all conditions except the 1/4 rack (light load) condition, modest thermal efficiency gains were noted upon ethanol fumigation. Methanol showed the same increase at 3/4 and full rack (high load) conditions. However, engine roughness or the occurrence of severe knock limited the maximum amount of alcohol that could be fumigated. Brake specific NO/sub x/ concentrations were found to decrease for all ethanol conditions tested. Oxides of nitrogen emissions, on a volume basis, decreased for all alcohol conditions tested. Based on the limited particulate data analyzed, it appears as though ethanol fumigation, like methanol fumigation, while lowering the mass of particulate emitted, does enhance the biological activity of that particulate.

Broukhiyan, E.M.H.; Lestz, S.S.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Alcohol-based fuels from syngases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Development of catalysts and reactor systems for producing alcohol-based fuels from coal-derived synthesis gases is outlined. Also, utilization of alcohol-based fuels either as gasoline blending stocks at 10-20% addition rates or as straight-run fuels is discussed. (Refs. 4).

Greene, M.I.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Design Case Summary: Production of Mixed Alcohols from Municipal...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Design Case Summary: Production of Mixed Alcohols from Municipal Solid Waste via Gasification Design Case Summary: Production of Mixed Alcohols from Municipal Solid Waste via...

20

Thermochemical Ethanol via Indirect Gasification and Mixed Alcohol...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Ethanol via Indirect Gasification and Mixed Alcohol Synthesis of Lignocellulosic Biomass Thermochemical Ethanol via Indirect Gasification and Mixed Alcohol Synthesis of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alcohol enhancement cxs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Application of sPC-SAFT-JC and sPC-SAFT-GV to Phase Equilibria Predictions of Alkane/Alcohol, Alcohol/Alcohol, and Water/Alcohol Binary Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Application of sPC-SAFT-JC and sPC-SAFT-GV to Phase Equilibria Predictions of Alkane/Alcohol, Alcohol/Alcohol, and Water/Alcohol Binary Systems ... This paper reports on the ability of sPC-SAFT extended with the polar terms of Gross and Vrabec (GV) and Jog and Chapman (JC) to predict the phase equilibria of alkane/alcohol, alcohol/alcohol, and water/alcohol binary systems. ... For these selected binary systems, the GV and JC polar terms deliver similar results when incorporated into sPC-SAFT. ...

Adriaan J. de Villiers; Cara E. Schwarz; Krasimir G. Chobanov; Andries J. Burger

2014-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

22

Is alcohol more dangerous than heroin? The physical, social and financial costs of alcohol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A recent paper claimed in its classification of harmful substances, that alcohol is more dangerous than heroin. This paper aims to weigh up some of the evidence in the literature on the physical, social and financial effects of alcohol and the associated disease burden. We will also explore alcohol within the context of emergency department (ED) presentations. Reasons for ED attendance can be overtly and directly alcohol related such as alcohol intoxication, assaults, injuries and falls and indirectly such as child neglect, psychological problems and chronic diseases. Alcohol is often viewed as an isolated incident or factor for ED presentations but there are data that refute this perception. In ED, the priority is to treat the patient and their primary complaint, however it may be appropriate to screen for alcohol use, give advice and potentially offer an intervention to the patient. With the recent UK and Australian guidelines on reducing health risks from drinking alcohol, the ED has the ability to play an active role in reducing the harmful effects of alcohol through screening, advising and undertaking intervention as appropriate. However this cannot be achieved in isolation but within the broader political and health policy framework. There is now a growing body of literature supporting the need to make alcohol less affordable, less easy to buy and reducing alcohol advertising. Although alcohol is a legal substance, this paper concludes that examining the wider effects in physical, social and financial terms, alcohol is more dangerous than heroin. It has become an endemic problem in society affecting the individual and the whole community.

Geraldine A. Lee; Marcus Forsythe

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Role of osteopontin in hepatic neutrophil infiltration during alcoholic steatohepatitis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a major complication of heavy alcohol (EtOH) drinking and is characterized by three progressive stages of pathology: steatosis, steatohepatitis, and fibrosis/cirrhosis. Alcoholic steatosis (AS) is the initial stage of ALD and consists of fat accumulation in the liver accompanied by minimal liver injury. AS is known to render the hepatocytes increasingly sensitive to toxicants such as bacterial endotoxin (LPS). Alcoholic steatohepatitis (ASH), the second and rate-limiting step in the progression of ALD, is characterized by hepatic fat accumulation, neutrophil infiltration, and neutrophil-mediated parenchymal injury. However, the pathogenesis of ASH is poorly defined. It has been theorized that the pathogenesis of ASH involves interaction of increased circulating levels of LPS with hepatocytes being rendered highly sensitive to LPS due to heavy EtOH consumption. We hypothesize that osteopontin (OPN), a matricellular protein (MCP), plays an important role in the hepatic neutrophil recruitment due to its enhanced expression during the early phase of ALD (AS and ASH). To study the role of OPN in the pathogenesis of ASH, we induced AS in male Sprague-Dawley rats by feeding EtOH-containing Lieber-DeCarli liquid diet for 6 weeks. AS rats experienced extensive fat accumulation and minimal liver injury. Moderate induction in OPN was observed in AS group. ASH was induced by feeding male Sprague-Dawley rats EtOH-containing Lieber-DeCarli liquid diet for 6 weeks followed by LPS injection. The ASH rats had substantial neutrophil infiltration, coagulative oncotic necrosis, and developed higher liver injury. Significant increases in the hepatic and circulating levels of OPN was observed in the ASH rats. Higher levels of the active, thrombin-cleaved form of OPN in the liver in ASH group correlated remarkably with hepatic neutrophil infiltration. Finally, correlative studies between OPN and hepatic neutrophil infiltration was corroborated in a simple rat peritoneal model where enhanced peritoneal fluid neutrophil infiltration was noted in rats injected OPN intraperitoneally. Taken together these data indicate that OPN expression induced during ASH may play a significant role in the pathogenesis of ASH by stimulating neutrophil transmigration.

Apte, Udayan M. [Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A and M University, MS4467, College Station, TX 77843-4467 (United States); Banerjee, Atrayee [Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A and M University, MS4467, College Station, TX 77843-4467 (United States); McRee, Rachel [Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A and M University, MS4467, College Station, TX 77843-4467 (United States); Wellberg, Elizabeth [Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A and M University, MS4467, College Station, TX 77843-4467 (United States); Ramaiah, Shashi K. [Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A and M University, MS4467, College Station, TX 77843-4467 (United States)]. E-mail: sramaiah@cvm.tamu.edu

2005-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

24

Third international symposium on alcohol fuels technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

At the opening of the Symposium, Dr. Sharrah, Senior Vice President of Continental Oil Company, addressed the attendees, and his remarks are included in this volume. The Symposium was concluded by workshops which addressed specific topics. The topical titles are as follows: alcohol uses; production; environment and safety; and socio-economic. The workshops reflected a growing confidence among the attendees that the alcohols from coal, remote natural gas and biomass do offer alternatives to petroleum fuels. Further, they may, in the long run, prove to be equal or superior to the petroleum fuels when the aspects of performance, environment, health and safety are combined with the renewable aspect of the biomass derived alcohols. Although considerable activity in the production and use of alcohols is now appearing in many parts of the world, the absence of strong, broad scale assessment and support for these fuels by the United States Federal Government was a noted point of concern by the attendees. The environmental consequence of using alcohols continues to be more benign in general than the petroleum based fuels. The exception is the family of aldehydes. Although the aldehydes are easily suppressed by catalysts, it is important to understand their production in the combustion process. Progress is being made in this regard. Of course, the goal is to burn the alcohols so cleanly that catalytic equipment can be eliminated. Separate abstracts are prepared for the Energy Data Base for individual presentations.

none,

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Human Enhancement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Categorizing different human enhancements into personal, social, or species enhancements, as well as considering whether a particular enhancement technique generates asymmetric or network benefits, brings clarity to discussions about the ethical issues pertaining to any individual technique. The four aspects of principlism can help to assess the ethical implications of different human enhancements, revealing complexities in their aspirational claims for personally directed self-development. At a practical level, this article examines important questions about real expectations, scientific hubris, and hype.

P. Moore

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohols catalyst names Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

synthesized catalysts for alcohol synthesis. We focus on structural... the use of biogas to create alcohol for fuel. Higher alcohols ... Source: Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E. -...

27

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol dependence results Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

With Deprivation and Summary: between age at onset of alcohol use and DSM-IV alcohol dependence: results of the National Longitudinal... at onset of alcohol use...

28

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol breath tests Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

VERSUS SOPHISTICATED MODELS OF BREATH ALCOHOL Summary: Alcohol & Alcoholism, Vol. 31, No. 1, pp. 61-67, 1996 SIMPLE VERSUS SOPHISTICATED MODELS OF BREATH... -2420, USA,...

29

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute alcohol intoxication Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to Alcohol Summary: "high" and "intoxication" during an intravenous (IV) alcohol infusion. Methods: Nine healthy control... (60 mg% 5 mg%) alcohol infusion. Numerical ratings...

30

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol effects Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

comply with all of the attached alcohol policies. Ticketed events serving alcohol must rent... that I have read and understood all policies, including the alcohol policy and I...

31

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcoholic beverage hormesis Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

may approve the sale of alcohol on campus, only the Division of Alcoholic Beverages... . Advertising for any university event where alcoholic ... Source: Sura, Philip - Department...

32

Extended performance of alcohol fumigation in diesel engines through different multipoint alcohol injection timing cycles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on the results of using multipoint port injection alcohol fumigation of a four-cycle turbocharged diesel engine in which the fumigation injection cycle was varied. The three cycles, dual with one-half of the alcohol injection on each engine revolution, single with all of the alcohol injection during the open intake valve revolution, and single with all of the alcohol injected during the closed intake valve revolution, lead to significant differences in the engines pressure-volume history and alcohol energy replacement tolerance. The engine was fumigated with both industrial grade ethanol and methanol and complete performance and emissions data (excluding aldehydes) were measured at low, medium, and high values of BMEP and rpm.

Savage, L.D.; White, R.A.; Cole, S.; Pritchett, G.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Pyrochlore-Based Catalysts for Syngas-Derived Alcohol Synthesis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pyrochlore-Based Catalysts for Syngas-Derived Pyrochlore-Based Catalysts for Syngas-Derived Alcohol Synthesis Contact NETL Technology Transfer Group techtransfer@netl.doe.gov PON-13-006 August 2013 Opportunity This technology provides an advantageous means to convert syngas into a class of chemicals known as higher oxygenates as well as other long-chain hydrocarbons. Research is currently active on this patent-pending technology "Method of CO and/or CO2 Hydrogenation Using Doped Mixed Metal Oxides." This technology is available for licensing and/or further collaborative research from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory. Significance * Improves the conversion of syngas from natural gas, coal, or biomass * Enhances the potential use of oxygenates as

35

The energy relationships of corn production and alcohol fermentation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy relationships of corn production and alcohol fermentation ... The production of alcohol from corn lends itself well to illustrating the practical applications of scientific principles that deal with energy transformations and inefficiencies. ...

Thomas E. Van Koevering; Michael D. Morgan; Thomas J. Younk

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

The effects of alcohol use on zinc status  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alcohol consumption has been shown to have adverse affects on bone growth and maintenance, although the mechanism has not been elucidated. The objective of this research was to look at the relationship between zinc and alcohol as a possible...

Chapman, Lisa Louise

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Cold-Start Performance and Emissions Behavior of Alcohol Fuels...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Emissions Behavior of Alcohol Fuels in an SIDI Engine Using Transient Hardware-In-Loop Test Meth Cold-Start Performance and Emissions Behavior of Alcohol Fuels in an SIDI Engine...

38

Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Drug Interactions with Ethanol (Alcohol)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ethanol (alcohol) is one of the most widely used legal drugs in the world. Ethanol is metabolized by alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) ... lead to a clinically significant pharmacokinetic interaction with ethanol, whic...

Lingtak-Neander Chan; Gail D. Anderson

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Alcohol synthesis from CO or CO.sub.2  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods for producing alcohols from CO or CO.sub.2 and H.sub.2 utilizing a palladium-zinc on alumina catalyst are described. Methods of synthesizing alcohols over various catalysts in microchannels are also described. Ethanol, higher alcohols, and other C.sub.2+ oxygenates can produced utilizing Rh--Mn or a Fisher-Tropsch catalyst.

Hu, Jianli [Kennewick, WA; Dagle, Robert A [Richland, WA; Holladay, Jamelyn D [Kennewick, WA; Cao, Chunshe [Houston, TX; Wang, Yong [Richland, WA; White, James F [Richland, WA; Elliott, Douglas C [Richland, WA; Stevens, Don J [Richland, WA

2010-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

40

Division of Human Resources Alcohol & Drug Testing (CDL)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Division of Human Resources Alcohol & Drug Testing (CDL) Definitions of Terms Employee Relations/Alcohol & Drug Testing (CDL) Questions: (813) 974-2970 Rev. 12/2008 The definitions listed below are for common words/phrases used in the alcohol and drug testing procedures. Accident - An occurrence associated

Meyers, Steven D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alcohol enhancement cxs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Division of Human Resources Alcohol & Drug Testing for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Division of Human Resources Alcohol & Drug Testing for Jobs Requiring CDL Employee Relations/Alcohol & Drug Testing (CDL) Questions: (813) 974-2970 Rev. 12/2008 · Report for duty or remain on duty requiring-accident testing is required, or until he/she undergoes a post-accident alcohol test, whichever occurs first

Meyers, Steven D.

42

The Employee Stress and Alcohol Project: The development of a computer-based alcohol abuse prevention program for employees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Employee Stress and Alcohol Project (ESAP) developed an interactive computer-based alcohol abuse prevention and early intervention program accessible to employees over the Internet. Behavioral health research...

Robert A. Matano Ph.D.…

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol ethyl alcohol Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

By The University of Texas at Arlington Police Department... 817-272-3381 Tips for Young Adults: The Truth about Alcohol If you are the victim of a crime on the U... . One...

44

REQUEST FORM PERMISSION TO SERVE ALCOHOL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Celebrations held off-site during lunch or other working hours should be strongly discouraged for reasons both of safety and loss of productivity. Employees who consume alcohol during any off-site luncheon or event shall not return to work the same day. If circumstances make it necessary to schedule off-site events

45

Marketing of Unhealthy Foods, Beverages, and Alcohol  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of other channels (movies, internet, billboards) shows similar exposure levels for youth Many new marketing is it located, what does it advertise and how is it related to intentions and use among young adolescents and driving Risky sexual behaviors Violent or deviant behaviors Alcohol abuse or dependence in both

Illinois at Chicago, University of

46

Microorganisms having enhanced resistance to acetate and methods of use  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present invention provides isolated or genetically modified strains of microorganisms that display enhanced resistance to acetate as a result of increased expression of a sodium proton antiporter. The present invention also provides methods for producing such microbial strains, as well as related promoter sequences and expression vectors. Further, the present invention provides methods of producing alcohol from biomass materials by using microorganisms with enhanced resistance to acetate.

Brown, Steven D; Yang, Shihui

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

47

Microorganisms having enhanced tolerance to inhibitors and stress  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides genetically modified strains of microorganisms that display enhanced tolerance to stress and/or inhibitors such as sodium acetate and vanillin. The enhanced tolerance can be achieved by increasing the expression of a protein of the Sm-like superfamily such as a bacterial Hfq protein and a fungal Sm or Lsm protein. Further, the present invention provides methods of producing alcohol from biomass materials by using the genetically modified microorganisms of the present invention.

Brown, Steven D.; Yang, Shihui

2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

48

Plasmon Enhanced Photoemission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

64 IPA Isopropylan isopropyl alcohol (IPA) : DI water solution in 7 : 3minutes 4. Clean the wafer with IPA and dry with nitrogen If

Polyakov, Aleksandr

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Plasmon Enhanced Photoemission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

64 IPA Isopropylan isopropyl alcohol (IPA) : DI water solution in 7 : 3minutes 4. Clean the wafer with IPA and dry with nitrogen If

Polyakov, Aleksandr N.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Alcohol-based fuels from syngases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper summarizes results of a research program which was undertaken to find the most advantageous method of using methanol in gasoline blends. It is demonstrated that a mixture called methanol and C/sub 2/C/sub 6/ saturated alcohols, called Alkanol fuel, has the potential for providing a gasoline-blending stock superior to that of straight-run methanol or ethanol. Extensive property data and test results are tabulated, plotted, and discussed. Economic considerations are included. 4 refs.

Greene, M.I.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Dry dig: Ethics and alcohol in Middle Eastern archaeological practice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ARTICLE DRY DIG ETHICS AND ALCOHOL IN MIDDLE EASTERNhad encountered discussions of ethics, archaeology, andtower discussions regarding ethics and archaeology can ring

Porter, Benjamin W.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Catalytic distillation for the synthesis of tertiary butyl alcohol.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Catalytic Distillation for the synthesis of tertiary butyl alcohol (TBA) is investigated in this thesis. The solvent, ethylene glycol, is proposed as a means of… (more)

Safinski, Tomasz

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Cold-Start Performance and Emissions Behavior of Alcohol Fuels...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Emissions Behavior of Alcohol Fuels in an SIDI Engine Using Transient Hardware-In-Loop Test Methods Andrew Ickes & Thomas Wallner Argonne National Laboratory 17 th Directions in...

54

HD Applications of Significantly Downsized SI Engines Using Alcohol...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

SI Engines Using Alcohol DI for Knock Avoidance Direct injection of a second fuel (ethanol or methanol) is explored as a means of avoiding knock in turbocharged,...

55

Hispanics, Blacks and Whites driving under the influence of alcohol: results from the 1995 National Alcohol Survey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Objective: To report nationwide survey data on patterns of driving under the influence of alcohol among Whites, Blacks and Hispanics. Method: Data were obtained from a probability sample consisting of 1582 Blacks, 1585 Hispanics and 1636 Whites in the US household population. Interviews averaging 1 h in length were conducted in respondents’ homes by trained interviewers. Results: Self-reported rates of driving a car after having drunk enough ‘to be in trouble if stopped by the police’ were highest among White and Hispanic men (22 and 21%, respectively), as were lifetime arrest rates for driving under the influence of alcohol (13% for White men, 19% for Hispanic men). Additionally, our analyses suggest that drinkers who drive under the influence of alcohol are more likely to be men (regardless of ethnicity), consume more alcohol, and be alcohol dependent than drinkers who do not engage in alcohol-impaired driving.

Raul Caetano; Catherine L Clark

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Liver proteomics in progressive alcoholic steatosis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fatty liver is an early stage of alcoholic and nonalcoholic liver disease (ALD and NALD) that progresses to steatohepatitis and other irreversible conditions. In this study, we identified proteins that were differentially expressed in the livers of rats fed 5% ethanol in a Lieber–DeCarli diet daily for 1 and 3 months by discovery proteomics (two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry) and non-parametric modeling (Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines). Hepatic fatty infiltration was significantly higher in ethanol-fed animals as compared to controls, and more pronounced at 3 months of ethanol feeding. Discovery proteomics identified changes in the expression of proteins involved in alcohol, lipid, and amino acid metabolism after ethanol feeding. At 1 and 3 months, 12 and 15 different proteins were differentially expressed. Of the identified proteins, down regulation of alcohol dehydrogenase (? 1.6) at 1 month and up regulation of aldehyde dehydrogenase (2.1) at 3 months could be a protective/adaptive mechanism against ethanol toxicity. In addition, betaine-homocysteine S-methyltransferase 2 a protein responsible for methionine metabolism and previously implicated in fatty liver development was significantly up regulated (1.4) at ethanol-induced fatty liver stage (1 month) while peroxiredoxin-1 was down regulated (? 1.5) at late fatty liver stage (3 months). Nonparametric analysis of the protein spots yielded fewer proteins and narrowed the list of possible markers and identified D-dopachrome tautomerase (? 1.7, at 3 months) as a possible marker for ethanol-induced early steatohepatitis. The observed differential regulation of proteins have potential to serve as biomarker signature for the detection of steatosis and its progression to steatohepatitis once validated in plasma/serum. -- Graphical abstract: The figure shows the Hierarchial cluster analysis of differentially expressed protein spots obtained after ethanol feeding for 1 (1–3) and 3 (4–6) months. C and E represent pair-fed control and ethanol-fed rats, respectively. Highlights: ? Proteins related to ethanol-induced steatosis and mild steatohepatitis are identified. ? ADH1C and ALDH2 involved in alcohol metabolism are differentially expressed at 1 and 3 months. ? Discovery proteomics identified a group of proteins to serve as potential biomarkers. ? Using nonparametric analysis DDT is identified as a possible marker for liver damage.

Fernando, Harshica [Department of Pathology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States)] [Department of Pathology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States); Wiktorowicz, John E.; Soman, Kizhake V. [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States); Kaphalia, Bhupendra S.; Khan, M. Firoze [Department of Pathology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States)] [Department of Pathology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States); Shakeel Ansari, G.A., E-mail: sansari@utmb.edu [Department of Pathology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States)

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Extent of Alcohol Consumption among Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer: The British Childhood Cancer Survivor Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...4). Alcohol consumption could exacerbate...6). Alcohol consumption has been investigated...brew or make at home? Current alcohol...estimate their average weekly consumption in units (1 unit...health, pain, and energy/vitality. Using...

Clare Frobisher; Emma R. Lancashire; Raoul C. Reulen; David L. Winter; Michael C.G. Stevens; and Michael M. Hawkins

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Stress, Risk Taking, Alcohol/Drugs, and Parents as Partners  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

college � Particular Interests Alcohol and other drug abuse Prescription stimulant abuse Marijuana, bronchitis, Strep throat 9.0% Internet use/computer games 17.3% Finances 8.9% Depression 16.3% Alcohol use 8 other students are doing #12;Parents Still Matter! � In adolescents and young adults, shift

Stowell, Michael

59

Division of Human Resources Alcohol & Drug Testing (CDL)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Division of Human Resources Alcohol & Drug Testing (CDL) Summary of Program Responsibilities Employee Relations/Alcohol & Drug Testing (CDL) Questions: (813) 974-2970 Rev. 12/2008 · Report for duty for eight hours following an accident or until undergoing a post-accident test. · Report for duty or remain

Meyers, Steven D.

60

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol consumption city Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alcohol consumption city Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Dublin City University Student Alcohol Policy...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alcohol enhancement cxs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol restrictions reduse Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Events, or Groups had age restrictions.9 Alcohol companies... on Metro trains and buses, there are no restrictions on the placement of alcohol ads on...

62

E-Print Network 3.0 - aliphatic alcohols studies Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

alcohols studies Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aliphatic alcohols studies Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Journal of Electron...

63

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol synthesis catalysts Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

synthesized catalysts for alcohol synthesis. We focus on structural... the use of biogas to create alcohol for ... Source: Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E. - Department of Materials...

64

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohols quarterly technical Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Denmark, Fysikvej, Building 307, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark. The development... the use of biogas to create alcohol for fuel. Higher alcohols are favorable due to their high energy...

65

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol drinking study Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Costs of the Problem >20% of Americans drink at levels that exceed... billion annually in lost productivity, absenteeism 12;What Are Alcoholism and Problem Drinking? Alcoholic......

66

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol dependent patients Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

memory deficits and executive dysfunctions in alcoholic Summary: , according to the DSM IV criteria of alcohol dependence (American ). Patients had no history of other...

67

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol abuse model Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Alcoholism Risk in Different Ethnic Groups Summary: ;12 month prevalence of DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence by race-ethnicity from the National Longitudinal... ...

68

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol abusing runaway Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Alcoholism Risk in Different Ethnic Groups Summary: ;12 month prevalence of DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence by race-ethnicity from the National Longitudinal... ...

69

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol dependence implicates Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

million individuals meet criteria for alcohol abuse or dependence... , according to the DSM IV criteria of alcohol dependence ... Source: Ecole Polytechnique, Centre de...

70

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol dependence severity Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

alcohol dependence, drug addiction, craving, consumption (BMI... ;12 month prevalence of DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence by race-ethnicity from the National Longitudinal......

71

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol abuse associations Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Alcoholism Risk in Different Ethnic Groups Summary: ;12 month prevalence of DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence by race-ethnicity from the National Longitudinal......

72

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol abuse Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Alcoholism Risk in Different Ethnic Groups Summary: ;12 month prevalence of DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence by race-ethnicity from the National Longitudinal... ...

73

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol dependence patients Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

memory deficits and executive dysfunctions in alcoholic Summary: , according to the DSM IV criteria of alcohol dependence (American ). Patients had no history of other...

74

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol dependence evidence Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

alcohol dependence, drug addiction, craving, consumption (BMI... ;12 month prevalence of DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence by race-ethnicity from the National Longitudinal......

75

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol exposure related Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of thousands of alcohol-related... , Gordon, R, Hastings, G, "Impact of Alcohol Advertising and Media Exposure on ... Source: Yorke, James - Institute for Physical Science and...

76

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol drinking Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Mathematics ; Engineering 10 brainfunction How Much Alcohol Summary: alcohol level can continue to rise after the person has stopped drinking, she should be...

77

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol drinking individuals Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

higher blood alcohol levels than heavier individuals, and are at higher risk... alcohol level can continue to rise after the person has stopped drinking, she should be...

78

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol drinking behaviors Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Physics ; Materials Science 3 brainfunction How Much Alcohol Summary: alcohol level can continue to rise after the person has stopped drinking, she should be...

79

E-Print Network 3.0 - amino propargylic alcohols Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and aryl propargyl alcohols7 using our rhenium-catalyzed propargylic substitu- tion reaction.5 Avoiding... ) to propargylic alcohol 4 ... Source: Holman, Theodore -...

80

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol pendant groups Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

pendant groups Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alcohol pendant groups Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Alcohol Use Policy The...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alcohol enhancement cxs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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81

Drug-Alcohol Flush Reaction and Breath Acetaldehyde Concentration: No Interference with an Infrared Breath Alcohol Analyzer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......absorptiometry and absorbs IR energy at a wavelength...lntoxilyzerdevice were, on the average, less than those...00 mg/L the average Intoxilyzer readings...defense against over-consumption of alcohol. The...References 1. Home Office Report on...crease alcohol consumption. New Eng/. J......

A.W. Jones

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

The economical production of alcohol fuels from coal-derived synthesis gas: Case studies, design, and economics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project is a combination of process simulation and catalyst development aimed at identifying the most economical method for converting coal to syngas to linear higher alcohols to be used as oxygenated fuel additives. There are two tasks. The goal of Task 1 is to discover, study, and evaluate novel heterogeneous catalytic systems for the production of oxygenated fuel enhancers from synthesis gas, and to explore, analytically and on the bench scale, novel reactor and process concepts for use in converting syngas to liquid fuel products. The goal of Task 2 is to simulate, by computer, energy efficient and economically efficient processes for converting coal to energy (fuel alcohols and/or power). The primary focus is to convert syngas to fuel alcohols. This report contains results from Task 2. The first step for Task 2 was to develop computer simulations of alternative coal to syngas to linear higher alcohol processes, to evaluate and compare the economics and energy efficiency of these alternative processes, and to make a preliminary determination as to the most attractive process configuration. A benefit of this approach is that simulations will be debugged and available for use when Task 1 results are available. Seven cases were developed using different gasifier technologies, different methods for altering the H{sub 2}/CO ratio of the syngas to the desired 1.1/1, and with the higher alcohol fuel additives as primary products and as by-products of a power generation facility. Texaco, Shell, and Lurgi gasifier designs were used to test gasifying coal. Steam reforming of natural gas, sour gas shift conversion, or pressure swing adsorption were used to alter the H{sub 2}/CO ratio of the syngas. In addition, a case using only natural gas was prepared to compare coal and natural gas as a source of syngas.

NONE

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Disintegration of Charged Liquid Jets: Results with Isopropyl Alcohol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Disintegration of Charged Liquid Jets: Results with Isopropyl Alcohol 10.1126/science.168.3927.118 A. L. Huebner Rocketdyne Division of North American Rockwaell Corporation 6633 Canogoa A venue, Canoga Park, Colifornia 91304 Disintegration processes...

A. L. Huebner

1970-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

84

Inductive Effect of Alkyl Chains on Alcohol Dehydration at Bridge...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

oxygen vacancy defects. For alcohols, it is well-established that their dissociation on bridge-bonded oxygen vacancies (BBOV’s) of a prototypical TiO2(110) surface proceeds...

85

Zymomonas mobilis Mutants with an Increased Rate of Alcohol Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 Received...retention of higher rates of ethanol production...beverages and fuel, variations...maintenance of higher rates of glycolysis...Department of Energy, Office of...Agriculture, Alcohol Fuels Program. We...

Y. A. Osman; L. O. Ingram

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Detection of Physiologically Relevant Alcohol Concentrations Using Raman Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is the first step in a series of studies to test the feasibility of using Raman Spectroscopy (RS) to non-invasively detect physiologically relevant blood alcohol concentrations. Blood tests, urine tests, and the breathalyzer are currently...

McKay, Joshua L.

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

87

The effects of alcohol and aspirin on neonatal brain development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solution that contained no alcohol. Body weights were measured daily, and forebrain, cerebellum, and brainstem weights were measured on PD 9. Forebrain, cerebellum, and brainstem weight to body weight ratios were calculated, and a significant effect...

Beshear, Myra Dawn

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

88

Patterns of role-impairment among alcoholic workers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

behavior of alcoholic workers. Five dimensions of work behavior were examined with respect to possible modes of role impairment: work efficiency; absenteeism; cover-up practices; job turn-over; and. lost-time accident rates. The data were obtained from... in general No relationship between alcoholism and lost- time accidents was found. Three factors which may explain the low rate of accidents among problem drinkers were identified: (l) most respondents reported that there was little possibility of having...

Goldstein, Carolyn Lesley Klein

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

89

Alcohol effects on navigational ability using ship handling simulator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, to examine the drinking status of officers on board multiple choice questionnaires were circularized under instruction and surveyed for 118 officers. Also, with a ship handling simulator, the effect of alcohol on maritime navigational performance is studied for the three blood alcohol concentrations (BACs) levels (0.0%, 0.05% and 0.08%). The eight participants were volunteer deck officer cadets in their senior year, at least 22 years of age, with previous experience on a bridge simulator. Additional experiments were done on maritime pilots. For baseline and performance trials, participants were randomized to one of four bridge simulator scenarios according to the current and the direction of the wind. In order to study the effects of alcohol on maritime navigational ability, (1) bio-signals using electrocardiogram (ECG), (2) performance using a simulator, and (3) mental workload using NASA-TLX were measured. As a result, this study found that alcohol intake significantly impairs the physical and mental ability of the ship operator. In particular, alcohol intake was found to have a direct correlation with changes in bio-signals such as heart rate not to mention simulator performance. In addition, alcohol intake increased mental workload according to the subjective mental workload evaluation undertaken by the test subject. The result of the analysis in this study includes the limited quantitative measure of the effects of alcohol, which is a major cause of operator fatigue. Relevance to Industry The alcohol effects on navigational ability and the frequency of drunken navigation are one of important interests in the maritime industry.

Hongtae Kim; Chan-Su Yang; Bong-Wang Lee; Young-Hoon Yang; Seoungkweon Hong

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Multiple Pathways for Benzyl Alcohol Oxidation by Ru(V)?O3+ and Ru(IV)?O2+  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Significant rate enhancements are found for benzyl alcohol oxidation by the Ru{sup V}?O{sup 3+} form of the water oxidation catalyst [Ru(Mebimpy)(bpy)(OH{sub 2})]{sup 2+} [Mebimpy = 2,6-bis(1-methylbenzimidazol-2-yl)pyridine; bpy = 2,2?-bipyridine] compared to Ru{sup IV}?O{sup 2+} and for the Ru{sup IV}?O{sup 2+} form with added bases due to a new pathway involving concerted hydride proton transfer (HPT).

Paul, Amit; Hull, Jonathan F; Norris, Michael R; Chen, Zuofeng; Ess, Daniel H.; Concepcion, Javier J; Meyer, Thomas J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Multiple Pathways for Benzyl Alcohol Oxidation by RuV=O3+ and RuIV=O2+  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Significant rate enhancements are found for benzyl alcohol oxidation by the Ru{sup V}?O{sup 3+} form of the water oxidation catalyst [Ru(Mebimpy)(bpy)(OH{sub 2})]{sup 2+} [Mebimpy = 2,6-bis(1-methylbenzimidazol-2-yl)pyridine; bpy = 2,2?-bipyridine] compared to Ru{sup IV}?O{sup 2+} and for the Ru{sup IV}?O{sup 2+} form with added bases due to a new pathway, concerted hydride proton transfer (HPT).

Paul, Amit; Hull, Jonathan F; Norris, Michael R; Chen, Zuofeng; Ess, Daniel H; Concepcion, Javier J; Meyer, Thomas J

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: High Compression Ratio Turbo Gasoline Engine Operation Using Alcohol Enhancement  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by Massachusetts Institute of Technology at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about high...

93

Geothermal source potential and utilization for alcohol production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study was conducted to assess the technical and economic feasibility of using a potential geothermal source to drive a fuel grade alcohol plant. Test data from the well at the site indicated that the water temperature at approximately 8500 feet should approach 275/sup 0/F. However, no flow data was available, and so the volume of hot water that can be expected from a well at this site is unknown. Using the available data, numerous fuel alcohol production processes and various heat utilization schemes were investigated to determine the most cost effective system for using the geothermal resource. The study found the direct application of hot water for alcohol production based on atmospheric processes using low pressure steam to be most cost effective. The geothermal flow rates were determined for various sizes of alcohol production facility using 275/sup 0/F water, 235/sup 0/F maximum processing temperature, 31,000 and 53,000 Btu per gallon energy requirements, and appropriate process approach temperatures. It was determined that a 3 million gpy alcohol plant is the largest facility that can practically be powered by the flow from one large geothermal well. An order-of-magnitude cost estimate was prepared, operating costs were calculated, the economic feasibility of the propsed project was examined, and a sensitivity analysis was performed.

Austin, J.C.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Alcohol Consumption and the Risk for Prostate Cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Communications Alcohol Consumption and the Risk for...Welfare and Sports; World Cancer Research...association of alcohol consumption at recruitment...and nonalcohol energy intake. Overall, neither alcohol consumption at baseline nor...

Sabine Rohrmann; Jakob Linseisen; Timothy J. Key; Majken K. Jensen; Kim Overvad; Nina Føns Johnsen; Anne Tjønneland; Rudolf Kaaks; Manuela M. Bergmann; Cornelia Weikert; Androniki Naska; Antonia Trichopoulou; Dimitrios Trichopoulos; Valeria Pala; Carlotta Sacerdote; Domenico Palli; Rosario Tumino; H. Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita; Alina Vrieling; Carlos A. González; Nerea Larrañaga; Carmen Navarro; Aurelio Barricarte; J. Ramon Quiros; Carmen Martínez-García; Göran Hallmans; Pär Stattin; Jonas Manjer; Elisabet Wirfält; Sheila Bingham; Key-Tee Khaw; Lars Egevad; Pietro Ferrari; Mazda Jenab; and Elio Riboli

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

The effect of alcohol advertising, marketing and portrayal on drinking behaviour in young people: systematic review of prospective cohort studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Exposure to alcohol advertising, product placement and portrayal of alcohol use in the media is associated with an increased likelihood of subsequent alcohol consumption among 10 to 26 year olds.

Lesley A Smith; David R Foxcroft

2009-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

96

Alcohol consumption, Lewis phenotypes, and risk of ischemic heart disease  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors have previously found an increased risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD) in men with the Lewis phenotype Le(a[minus]b[minus]) and suggested that the Lewis blood group has a close genetic relation with insulin resistance. The authors have investigated whether any conventional risk factors explain the increased risk in Le(a[minus]b[minus]) men. 3,383 men aged 53-75 years were examined in 1985-86, and morbidity and mortality during the next 4 years were recorded. At baseline, the authors excluded 343 men with a history of myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, intermittent claudication, or stroke. The potential risk factors examined were alcohol consumption, physical activity, tobacco smoking, serum cotinine, serum lipids, body-mass index, blood pressure, prevalence of hypertension and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, and social class. In 280 (9.6%) men with Le(a[minus]b[minus]), alcohol was the only risk factor significantly associated with risk of IHD. There was a significant inverse dose-effect relation between alcohol consumption and risk; trend tests, with adjustment for age, were significant for fatal IHD (p=0.02), all IHD (p=0.03), and all causes of death (p=0.02). In 2649 (90.4%) men with other phenotypes, there was a limited negative association with alcohol consumption. In Le(a[minus]b[minus]) men, a group genetically at high risk of IHD, alcohol consumption seems to be especially protective. The authors suggest that alcohol consumption may modify insulin resistance in Le(a[minus]b[minus]) men.

Hein, H.O.; Suadicani, P.; Gyntelberg, F. (Rigshospitalet State Univ. Hospital, Copenhagen (Denmark). Epidemiological Research Unit); Sorenson, H. (Rigshospitalet State Univ. Hospital, Copenhagen (Denmark). Dept. of Chemical Immunology); Hein, H.O. (Univ. of Copenhagen (Denmark). Dept. of Internal Medicine)

1993-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

97

STEP 1: TO BE COMPLETED BY ALCOHOL TECHNICIAN  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7 (07/03) OMB Control No. 1910-5122 7 (07/03) OMB Control No. 1910-5122 U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Human Reliability Program (HRP) Alcohol Testing Form (Instructions for completing this form are attached.) STEP 1: TO BE COMPLETED BY ALCOHOL TECHNICIAN A. Employee Name __________________________________________________________________ (Print) First M.I. Last B. Employee ID No. __________________________________________________________ C. Employer Name __________________________________________________________ _____________________________________(____)________________ HRP Supervisor Phone Number D. Reason for Test: Random Reasonable Susp. Post-Accident Return to Duty Follow-up Pre-employment

98

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohols technical progress Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a pro- found effect on both your personal and your work life. When someone... adults -- abuse alcohol or are alcoholics. Throw in the ... Source: Oliver, Douglas L. - Department of...

99

Ag-Al2O3 Catalyst HC-SCR: Performance with Light Alcohols and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Ag-Al2O3 Catalyst HC-SCR: Performance with Light Alcohols and Other Reductants Ag-Al2O3 Catalyst HC-SCR: Performance with Light Alcohols and Other Reductants 2004 Diesel Engine...

100

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol outcome expectancies Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Director Center of Alcohol Studies Gail G. Milgram, Ed.D., Professor Emerita Nancy M. Violette, Ph.D., LCSW... to use alcohol, tobacco and other drugs than the general...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alcohol enhancement cxs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcoholic beverage preference Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

cocaine, and it is snorted, placed in alcoholic beverages, or smoked in combination with marijuana... Alcohol & Other Drugs How Do I Know If I Have A Drinking Problem? Below ......

102

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol chemical tests Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Higher Alcohols using Electron... and better production paths. One of these is using biogas to create alcohol as a fuel. ... Source: Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E. - Department of...

103

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol drinking patterns Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for: alcohol drinking patterns Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 StraightTalk A guide for parents on teenage drinking Summary: to use alcohol? 14 Why do teenagers drink? 15 What...

104

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol hospitalizes dozens Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: for an alcohol related incident, police are NOT notified by the staff of the hospital. Not only... for alcohol related incidents at any of the local hospitals, including...

105

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol dependence increases Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for Alcohol dependence in Native and Mexican Americans in San... ;12 month prevalence of DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence by race-ethnicity from the National Longitudinal......

106

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol survey hablas Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Alcoholism Risk in Different Ethnic Groups Cindy L Ehlers... ;12 month prevalence of DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence by race-ethnicity from the National ... Source:...

107

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol gas additives Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

alcohol. In addition, you will not want to use... , methyl gas, hydrogen, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, wood alcohol, carbon, water, and a lot of other... if gas storage tanks...

108

Alcohol Chemistry on Rutile TiO2(110): The Influence of Alkyl...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Alcohol Chemistry on Rutile TiO2(110): The Influence of Alkyl Substituents on Reactivity and Selectivity. Alcohol Chemistry on Rutile TiO2(110): The Influence of Alkyl Substituents...

109

Alcohol production from various enzyme-converted starches with or without cooking  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effectiveness of alcoholic fermentation was compared by measuring alcoholic yields from various starch mashes, both cooked and uncooked. Alcohol yields from cooked and liquefied starch by bacterial ..cap alpha..-amylase were 93.9% for corn, 92.0% for cassava, 90.6% for potato, and 73.0% for babassu, whereas alcohol yields from raw starch were 90.0% for corn, 89.0% for cassava, 48.9% for babassu, and 11.4% for potato. (JMT)

Park, Y.K.; Rivera, B.C.

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol synthesis cu-co-cr Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Psychopharmacology, Central Institute for Mental Health, D 68159 Mannheim, Germany I. Alcohol Addiction, Genetic... Susceptibility, and Neuroadaptation II. Animal...

111

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol synthesis cu-co Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Psychopharmacology, Central Institute for Mental Health, D 68159 Mannheim, Germany I. Alcohol Addiction, Genetic... Susceptibility, and Neuroadaptation II. Animal...

112

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol outlet density Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Psychopharmacology, Central Institute for Mental Health, D 68159 Mannheim, Germany I. Alcohol Addiction, Genetic... Susceptibility, and Neuroadaptation II. Animal...

113

Characterization of Particulate Emissions from GDI Engine Combustion with Alcohol-blended Fuels  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Analysis showed that gasoline direct injection engine particulates from alcohol-blended fuels are significantly different in morphology and nanostructures

114

Alcohol consumption is controlled by angiotensin II1 BJOERN MAUL,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alcohol consumption is controlled by angiotensin II1 BJOERN MAUL,2 WOLF-EBERHARD SIEMS, MARGRET R- ther explain the effects in the transgenic mice. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS 1. Alcohol consumption is directly correlated with angiotensin levels To clarify the role of AII in alcohol consumption, we tested

Hoehe, Margret

115

Breast Cancer and Alcohol Consumption: A Case-Control Study in Northern Italy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...INTRODUCTION Alcohol consumption has been inconsistently...Since alcohol consumption is wide spread among...conducted in the homes of the respondents...following surgery (on average, 7.8 months after...estimating alcohol consumption in European countries...nutrient, and energy values were compiled...

Paolo Toniolo; Elio Riboli; Fulvia Protta; Martine Charrel; and Alberto P. M. Cappa

1989-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

116

DRD2 Gene Transfer Into the Nucleus Accumbens Core of the Alcohol Preferring and Nonpreferring Rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DRD2 Gene Transfer Into the Nucleus Accumbens Core of the Alcohol Preferring and Nonpreferring Rats in alcohol intake in Sprague Dawley rats. This overexpression of DRD2 reduced alcohol consumption in a two) and -nonpreferring (NP) rats. In addition, micro­positron emission tomography imaging was used at the completion

Homes, Christopher C.

117

Methods for sequestering carbon dioxide into alcohols via gasification fermentation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is directed to improvements in gasification for use with synthesis gas fermentation. Further, the present invention is directed to improvements in gasification for the production of alcohols from a gaseous substrate containing at least one reducing gas containing at least one microorganism.

Gaddy, James L; Ko, Ching-Whan; Phillips, J. Randy; Slape, M. Sean

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

118

Digit switch evaluations and capillary IPA (isopropyl alcohol) study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Capillary flow of isopropyl alcohol under the wire insulation of an eleven-wire cable dissolved trapped flux from the pretinning and soldering operations and caused it to deposit on the circuit board inside a digit switch. Conformal coatings were successful in sealing the wire insulation gap to prevent solvent flow. 16 figs., 2 tabs.

Mizik, P.M.; Kibalo, E.F.

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

The University of Mississippi Drug and Alcohol Testing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The University of Mississippi Drug and Alcohol Testing Summary/Purpose: In furtherance of the University's interest to maintain a drug-free workplace, the University reserves the right to test any of the University's interest to maintain a drug-free workplace, the University reserves the right to test any

Tchumper, Gregory S.

120

A Stereodivergent Approach to Amino Acids, Amino Alcohols, or  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of r-amino acids, amino alcohols, or oxazolidinones. The sequence includes the SN2 displacement Society Published on Web 07/08/2004 #12;regioselective and stereospecific SN2 displacement of an allylic as a readily available and recyclable chiral auxiliary for a short sequence of reactions that includes as one

Spino, Claude

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alcohol enhancement cxs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Impairment of Timing Behavior after Prolonged Alcohol Consumption in Rats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and performance of DRL 30 days after alcohol was omitted from the diet. Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats (Carworth CFE strain), 90 days old, were reduced to 85 percent of their body weights (when they were fed freely) and were trained to press...

Don W. Walker; Gerhard Freund

1973-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

122

Production of Mixed Alcohols from Bio-syngas over Mo-based Catalyst  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A series of Mo-based catalysts prepared by sol-gel method using citric acid as complexant were successfully applied in the high efficient production of mixed alcohols from bio-syngas derived from the biomass gasification. The Cu1Co1Fe1Mo1Zn0.5? 6%K catalyst exhibited a higher activity on the space-time yield of mixed alcohols compared with the other Mo-based catalysts. The carbon conversion significantly increases with rising temperature below 340 °C but the alcohol selectivity has an opposite trend. The maximum mixed alcohols yield derived from biomass gasification is 494.8 g/(kgcatal·h) with the C2+ (C2—C6 higher alcohols) alcohols of 80.4% under the tested conditions. The alcohol distributions are consistent with the Schulz-Flory plots except methanol. In the alcohols products the C2+ alcohols (higher alcohols) dominate with a weight ratio of 70%–85%. The Mo-based catalysts have been characterized by X-ray diffraction and N2 adsorption/desorption. The clean bio-fules of mixed alcohols derived from bio-syngas with higher octane values could be used as transportation fuels or petrol additives.

Song-bai Qiu; Wei-wei Huang; Yong Xu; Lu Liu; Quan-xin Li

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Mixed Alcohol Synthesis Catalyst Screening 2007 Progress Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) are researching the feasibility of producing mixed alcohols from biomass-derived synthesis gas (syngas). PNNL is obtaining commercially available mixed alcohol or preparing promising mixed-alcohol catalysts and screening them in a laboratory-scale reactor system. The most promising catalysts are provided to NREL for testing using a slipstream from a pilot-scale biomass gasifier. After a review of the literature in 2006 and conversations with companies that produce catalysts, it was determined that no commercial mixed-alcohol synthesis catalysts were available. One manufacturer supplied a modified methanol catalyst that was tested in the PNNL laboratory-scale system and provided to NREL for further testing. PNNL also prepared and tested the behavior of 10 other catalysts representing the distinct catalyst classes for mixed alcohol syntheses. Based on those results,testing in 2007 focused on the performance of the rhodium-based catalysts. The effects of adding promoters to the rhodium catalysts in addition to the manganese already being used were examined. The iron and rhenium promoters both stood out as achieving higher carbon selectivities , followed by Cu. Iridium and Li, on the other hand, had low carbon selectivity ratios of 0.27 and 0.22, respectively. Although testing of candidate promoters is not complete, it appears that Ir and Li promoters warrant further optimization and possibly combination to further improve STYs and carbon selectivities to C2+ oxygenates. However, using these promoters, it will be necessary to incorporate a separate hydrogenation catalyst to improve the yield of C2+ alcohols with respect to the other oxygenates. Fe, Re, and Cu stand out as possible candidates in this respect, but additional research is needed to examine whether they can be combined with the other promoters on the Rh-based catalyst or need to be optimized on a separate catalyst support that is either physically mixed or used in series with the promoted Rh-based catalyst.

Gerber, Mark A.; White, J. F.; Gray, Michel J.; Stevens, Don J.

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Renewable Hydrogen Production Using Sugars and Sugar Alcohols (Presentation)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Working Group Meeting Working Group Meeting 11/06/2007 Renewable Hydrogen Production Using Renewable Hydrogen Production Using Sugars and Sugar Alcohols Sugars and Sugar Alcohols * * Problem: Problem: Need Need to develop renewable to develop renewable hydrogen production technologies using hydrogen production technologies using diverse diverse feedstocks feedstocks 10 15 20 CH 4 : C 6 H 14 ln(P) * * Description: Description: The BioForming The BioForming TM TM process uses process uses aqueous phase reforming to cost effectively aqueous phase reforming to cost effectively produce hydrogen from a range of feedstocks, produce hydrogen from a range of feedstocks, including glycerol and sugars. The key including glycerol and sugars. The key breakthrough is a proprietary catalyst that breakthrough is a proprietary catalyst that

125

Alcohol-free alkoxide process for containing nuclear waste  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a method of containing nuclear waste. A composition is first prepared of about 25 to about 80%, calculated as SiO.sub.2, of a partially hydrolyzed silicon compound, up to about 30%, calculated as metal oxide, of a partially hydrolyzed aluminum or calcium compound, about 5 to about 20%, calculated as metal oxide, of a partially hydrolyzed boron or calcium compound, about 3 to about 25%, calculated as metal oxide, of a partially hydrolyzed sodium, potassium or lithium compound, an alcohol in a weight ratio to hydrolyzed alkoxide of about 1.5 to about 3% and sufficient water to remove at least 99% of the alcohol as an azeotrope. The azeotrope is boiled off and up to about 40%, based on solids in the product, of the nuclear waste, is mixed into the composition. The mixture is evaporated to about 25 to about 45% solids and is melted and cooled.

Pope, James M. (Monroeville, PA); Lahoda, Edward J. (Edgewood, PA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Electrocatalyst for alcohol oxidation at fuel cell anodes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In some embodiments a ternary electrocatalyst is provided. The electrocatalyst can be used in an anode for oxidizing alcohol in a fuel cell. In some embodiments, the ternary electrocatalyst may include a noble metal particle having a surface decorated with clusters of SnO.sub.2 and Rh. The noble metal particles may include platinum, palladium, ruthenium, iridium, gold, and combinations thereof. In some embodiments, the ternary electrocatalyst includes SnO.sub.2 particles having a surface decorated with clusters of a noble metal and Rh. Some ternary electrocatalysts include noble metal particles with clusters of SnO.sub.2 and Rh at their surfaces. In some embodiments the electrocatalyst particle cores are nanoparticles. Some embodiments of the invention provide a fuel cell including an anode incorporating the ternary electrocatalyst. In some aspects a method of using ternary electrocatalysts of Pt, Rh, and SnO.sub.2 to oxidize an alcohol in a fuel cell is described.

Adzic, Radoslav (East Setauket, NY); Kowal, Andrzej (Cracow, PL)

2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

127

Spectrally Enhanced Lighting  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

November 2007 November 2007 AfterImage + s p a c e 1 Spectrally Enhanced Lighting Spectrally Enhanced Lighting Brian Liebel, PE, LC Brian Liebel, PE, LC November 29, 2007 November 29, 2007 Federal Utilities Partnership Working Group Federal Utilities Partnership Working Group November 29, 2007 November 29, 2007 29 November 2007 AfterImage + s p a c e 2 Spectrally Enhanced Lighting Spectrally Enhanced Lighting Spectrally Enhanced Lighting Spectrally Enhanced Lighting This is not a technology; just a This is not a technology; just a different way to quantify light based on different way to quantify light based on well established scientific findings well established scientific findings Can be used in conjunction with ANY Can be used in conjunction with ANY type of lighting design to gain

128

Production and Use of Alcohol on the Farm.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

projects. 4. The plant manufacturer should be able to guarantee the following production factors: ? Yield factor (gallons of alcohol produced per unit volume or weight of feedstock at a given dry starch and/or sugar content; for example, gallons per... of Operation Capital recovery (depreciation and interest) $ 90,000 x 0.1598 $125,000 x 0.1598 Insurance (estimated) Property taxes (estimated) Mise. (permits, bonding, ete.) Total Fixed Costs Average Fixed Cost Per Gallon Assumptions: Salvage value...

O'Neal, Henry; Rothe, Joe M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

NASA Enhanced Use Lease  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Document describes a sample template of an enhanced used lease administered by NASA as part of a power purchase agreement (PPA).

130

Optical Waveguide Enhanced Photovoltaics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Enhanced light to electric power conversion efficiency of photovoltaic cells ?with a low absorbance was achieved using waveguide integration. We ?present a proof of concept using a...

Rühle, Sven; Greenwald, Shlomit; Koren, Elad; Zaban, Arie

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Electrolytic method to make alkali alcoholates using ion conducting alkali electrolyte/separator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Alkali alcoholates, also called alkali alkoxides, are produced from alkali metal salt solutions and alcohol using a three-compartment electrolytic cell. The electrolytic cell includes an anolyte compartment configured with an anode, a buffer compartment, and a catholyte compartment configured with a cathode. An alkali ion conducting solid electrolyte configured to selectively transport alkali ions is positioned between the anolyte compartment and the buffer compartment. An alkali ion permeable separator is positioned between the buffer compartment and the catholyte compartment. The catholyte solution may include an alkali alcoholate and alcohol. The anolyte solution may include at least one alkali salt. The buffer compartment solution may include a soluble alkali salt and an alkali alcoholate in alcohol.

Joshi, Ashok V. (Salt Lake City, UT); Balagopal, Shekar (Sandy, UT); Pendelton, Justin (Salt Lake City, UT)

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

132

The effect of generalization of extinction on relapse following aversion therapy for alcoholism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

therapeutic approaches have been taken in the treat- ment of alcoholism, yet low relapse rate continues to be the exception rather than the rule. Hadley and Hadley (1972) surveyed alcoholism treatment in California facilities and encountered the full range... therapy. To summarize: relapse of uncontrolled drinking after treatment continues in spite of numer- ous therapeutic efforts and approaches in the field, and research on alcoholism has been plagued with methodological problems, making conclusions...

Godsey, Robert Lane

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

133

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol problem services Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

screen- ing tools. Is Alcohol a Problem for You... : niaaaweb-r@exchange.nih.gov Internet address: ... Source: Lotko, William - Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College...

134

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol screening day Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

At Michigan Tech I. Guiding Principles * Clear evidence exists... that the misuse and abuse of alcoholic beverages and drugs can erode the foundation of the University's ......

135

Alcohol Mixed with Caffeinated Energy Drinks: Consumption Patterns and Trends Among Canadian Youth & Young Adults.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Use of caffeinated energy drinks (CEDs) and alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmEDs) is a growing trend worldwide, and in Canada, youth and young adults… (more)

McCrory, Cassondra

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Alcohol-Related Harm and Primary Health Care in British Columbia, Canada.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

???In recent years there has been a renewed focus on reducing the harms of addictive substances such as alcohol while at the same time restraining… (more)

Slaunwhite, Amanda Kathleen

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol expectancies integrating Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

most... many students: "I especially like the fact that the alcohol project ... Source: Daniel, Susan - Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University...

138

E-Print Network 3.0 - activity predicts alcohol Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

can start as low as blood alcohol levels ... Source: Kaminsky, Werner - Center for Nanotechnology and NanoTechnology & Department of Chemistry, University of Washington at Seattle...

139

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcoholic beverage consumption Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

consumption Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alcoholic beverage consumption Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 University of Nebraska at...

140

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol consumption affect Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

consumption affect Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alcohol consumption affect Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Dublin City University...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alcohol enhancement cxs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol consumption aggravates Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alcohol consumption aggravates Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Drug-Free School Statement (Student Policy)...

142

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute alcohol consumption Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

consumption Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: acute alcohol consumption Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 GENETIC VARIATION AND BRAIN GENE...

143

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol consumption disrupted Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alcohol consumption disrupted Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 University of Toronto Governing Council...

144

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol consumption meals Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alcohol consumption meals Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 University of Nebraska at Omaha Administrative...

145

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol consumption taqib Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alcohol consumption taqib Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 0145-600819912304-059203.0010...

146

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol transportation fuels Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

resources demands new... and better production paths. One of these is using biogas to create alcohol as a fuel. Higher... Characterization of Catalysts for Synthesis of...

147

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol fuel production Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

using Electron Microscopy Summary: and better production paths. One of these is using biogas to create alcohol as a fuel. Higher... Characterization of Catalysts for Synthesis of...

148

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol fuels Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

using Electron Microscopy Summary: and better production paths. One of these is using biogas to create alcohol as a fuel. Higher... Characterization of Catalysts for Synthesis of...

149

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol fuels provisions Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CA, USA,3 Alcohol and Drug Research, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland Source: Stockholm Observatory Collection: Physics 75 DistributorProducer...

150

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol dependence schizophrenia Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

search results for: alcohol dependence schizophrenia Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Curriculum Vitae Deanna Marie Barch Summary: , International Congress on Schizophrenia Research...

151

Seminars in Medicine of the Beth Israel Hospital, Boston: Medical Disorders of Alcoholism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...effects on vitamin A. Although ethanol is rich in energy, long-term consumption of up to 2000 calories per day in the form of alcohol does not produce the expected gain in body weight. This deficit can be attributed, in part, to the poor yield of energy produced from fat oxidation in damaged mitochondria... Alcohol is the most frequently abused drug throughout the world. In the United States, it is consumed regularly by about half the adult population, and about 15 to 20 million people are alcoholics. Alcoholism claims 100,000 lives annually and carries an ...

Lieber C.S.

1995-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

152

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol withdrawal delirium Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ability to control... :www.nlm.nih.govmedlineplussubstanceabuseproblems.html 12;DSM-IV Definitions ALCOHOL ABUSE: episodic problems, no physical symptoms of withdrawal......

153

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol abusers compared Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

dependence smoking 12... :www.nlm.nih.govmedlineplussubstanceabuseproblems.html 12;DSM-IV Definitions ALCOHOL ABUSE: episodic problems, no physical symptoms of withdrawal......

154

Attitudinal Antecedents of the First- and Third-Person Effect of Alcohol Advertising On College Students.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Data collected from a survey questionnaire via personal interviews among 488 college students was used to examine relationships among attitude toward alcohol advertising, attitude toward… (more)

Begin, Georgia

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

E-Print Network 3.0 - allyl alcohols catalyzed Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Chicago Collection: Chemistry 25 Mechanism of Selective Oxidation of Propene to Acrolein on Bismuth Molybdates from Quantum Mechanical Calculations Summary: alcohol, allyl...

156

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol series based Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

University, Kinsey Institute Collection: Biology and Medicine 5 ,t Hehuviorai Gmc.tic hltdds 373 Behavioral Genetic Models Summary: . Signifi- alcoholism. Although...

157

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol marketing predicts Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

marketing predicts Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alcohol marketing predicts Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Ancient history of sexual...

158

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol-based hand hygiene Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of germs. Follow these everyday steps... with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. Alcohol-based hand cleaners are also effective... , including the CDC,...

159

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol-based formulations proposed Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of germs. Follow these everyday steps... with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. Alcohol-based hand cleaners are also effective Source: Collection:...

160

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcoholism Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Information Sciences 50 Financial Policy Highlights: ReimbursementPayment for Summary: Financial Policy Highlights: ReimbursementPayment for Alcohol Purchases (Policy 2.1.1 -...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alcohol enhancement cxs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcoholates Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Information Sciences 50 Financial Policy Highlights: ReimbursementPayment for Summary: Financial Policy Highlights: ReimbursementPayment for Alcohol Purchases (Policy 2.1.1 -...

162

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohols Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Information Sciences 50 Financial Policy Highlights: ReimbursementPayment for Summary: Financial Policy Highlights: ReimbursementPayment for Alcohol Purchases (Policy 2.1.1 -...

163

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol testing program Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

fine; and attend an alcohol education program. It is illegal for anyone to host... ; completion of alcoholdrug education or training program. Lending a driver's license or...

164

E-Print Network 3.0 - anhydrous alcohol evaporated Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

peroxide Copper, chromium, iron, most metals or their salts, alcohols, acetone... , carbon tetrachloride or other chlorinated hydrocarbons, carbon dioxide, halogens Ammonia...

165

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcoholic fatty liver Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of alcoholic fatty liver. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver... %-80%) aerobic process for energy production in the heart, liver, and skeletal muscle. Abnormalities of fatty... Dis...

166

T4 DNA condensation in water-alcohol media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The process of compaction of high molecular weight DNA T4 is investigated directly in a AFM liquid cell. The AFM-images of globules formed by DNA molecules in the result of compaction in water-alcohol environments at high izopropanol concentration (80%) are received; it is found that at intermediate concentration of izopropanol (40-50%) the DNA molecules form partially compacted formations in which the separate coils of macromolecules twist in toroidal structures. It is shown using the technique of deconvolution of the AFM-images that the globule include only one closely packed DNA molecule. The model of DNA packing is proposed on the basis of AFM experiment.

M. O. Gallyamov; O. A. Pyshkina; V. G. Sergeyev; I. V. Yaminsky

2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

167

Alcohol Dispersions of Calcium Hydroxide Nanoparticles for Stone Conservation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Alcohol dispersions of Ca(OH)2 nanoparticles, the so-called nanolimes, are emerging as an effective conservation material for the consolidation of stone, mortars, and plasters present in old masonry and/or mural paintings. ... Considering that past studies on the consolidation of stone using nanolime dispersions have focused on carbonate stones such as limestones, here we test the ability of these treatments to consolidate silicate stones. ... D’Armada, P.; Hirst, E.Nano-lime for consolidation of plaster and stone J. Architect. ...

Carlos Rodriguez-Navarro; Amelia Suzuki; Encarnacion Ruiz-Agudo

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

168

Laser preheat enhanced ignition  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for enhancing fuel ignition performance by preheating the fuel with laser light at a wavelength that is absorbable by the fuel prior to ignition with a second laser is provided.

Early, James W. (Los Alamos, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Laser preheat enhanced ignition  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for enhancing fuel ignition performance by preheating the fuel with laser light at a wavelength that is absorbable by the fuel prior to ignition with a second laser is provided. 11 figs.

Early, J.W.

1999-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

170

Technical Report Technologically Enhanced  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.......................................................................................1-6 Geology and Distribution of Uranium................................................ ..........1Technical Report on Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials from Uranium of Mines and Geology, and William Chenoweth. EPA is especially appreciative of the comments provided

171

Arnold Schwarzenegger SPECTRALLY ENHANCED CERAMIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor SPECTRALLY ENHANCED CERAMIC INCANDESCENT EMITTER Prepared For ENHANCED CERAMIC INCANDESCENT EMITTER EISG AWARDEE SONSIGHT INC. 17609 Clinton Drive Accokeek, MD 20607

172

Floated Catalyst CVD Generation of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes from Alcohol  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Floated Catalyst CVD Generation of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes from Alcohol Shigeo Maruyama to other configuration, a floated catalyst type generation of SWNTs. Using ferrocene as a precursor of floated iron catalyst clusters, high-purity SWNTs were generated from alcohol. Mist of ferrocene ethanol

Maruyama, Shigeo

173

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol abuse measurement Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

metabolism and sensitivity... .0% N 21 18.0% N s5 U.S. U.S. Sweden Registration DSM-III alcohol abusedependence DSM-III alcohol... ) (N 577) (0.37) kJ.S. DSM-III...

174

Updated 10/2012 Alcohol/Substance Abuse Treatment OP/IOP/PHP*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Updated 10/2012 Alcohol/Substance Abuse Treatment OP/IOP/PHP* Please note patient or family member, some limitations with Medicare 4 Adult locations with OP, IOP, and sometimes PHP 1) Plainville 2) New-OP, IOP, PHP; Primary Substance Abuse-OP, IOP; Senior Program > 55y.o., alcohol only substance, take

Oliver, Douglas L.

175

Analysis of Fatty Acid and Alcoholic Components of Sebaceous Lipid Types  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......chromatography of the acetates. Ratios were determined...specificity for the synthesis of alcohols. Introduction...and Alcohols For the synthesis of cyclopropanoid acids...the methyl esters with lithium aluminum hydride. The...anhydride and the respective acetates together with the methyl......

Hugh J. O'Neill; Leon L. Gershbein

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

The harmful effects of late-onset alcohol consumption on cortical bone in aged rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study looked at the effects of late-onset alcohol consumption for 8 weeks on the aged rat model (15 months old). Thirty 15 month old female Fisher 344 rats were divided into three diet groups: Alcohol (n=9), pair-fed (n=9), and pellet (n=6...

Bowlin, Julie Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

177

Ethanol-induced alcohol dehydrogenase E (AdhE) potentiates pneumolysin in Streptococcus pneumoniae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Rights Reserved. 2014 research-article Ethanol-induced alcohol dehydrogenase E (AdhE...showed that S. pneumoniae type 2 D39 is ethanol tolerant, and that alcohol up-regulates...factor. Moreover, in the presence of ethanol, S. pneumoniae AdhE produced acetaldehyde...

Truc Thanh Luong; Eun-Hye Kim; Jong Phil Bak; Cuong Thach Nguyen; Sangdun Choi; David E. Briles; Suhkneung Pyo; Dong-Kwon Rhee

2014-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

178

Exploring Spatial Associations between On-Sale Alcohol Availability, Neighborhood Population Characteristics, and Violent Crime in a Geographically Isolated City  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Objectives. Despite the increasing evidence of the associations between alcohol availability and violence, there are still inconsistent findings on the effects of on- and off-sale alcohol outlets on violent crime. The aim of this study...

Han, Daikwon; Gorman, Dennis M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Standard calculation of ethanol elimination rate is not sufficient to provide ethanol substitution therapy in the postoperative course of alcohol-dependent patients  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Objective:...Alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS) is a severe complication during postoperative treatment of alcohol-dependent patients. Besides the use of clomethiazole, clonidine, and benzodiazepi...

L. Wilkens; H. Ruschulte; H. Rückoldt; H. Hecker; D. Schröder…

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

31 - 5740 of 8,172 results. 31 - 5740 of 8,172 results. Download CX-007010: Categorical Exclusion Determination High Compression Ratio Turbocharged Gasoline Engine Operation Using Alcohol Enhancement CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6, B5.1 Date: 09/21/2011 Location(s): Cambridge, Massachusetts Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-007010-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-007013: Categorical Exclusion Determination High Compression Ratio Turbocharged Gasoline Engine Operation Using Alcohol Enhancement CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6, B5.1 Date: 09/21/2011 Location(s): Columbus, Indiana Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Savannah River Operations Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-007013-categorical-exclusion-determination

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alcohol enhancement cxs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

J. Am. Chem. SOC.1992, 114, 4265-4268 4265 allyl alcohol vs that of acrolein). Alternatively, one could argue  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J. Am. Chem. SOC.1992, 114, 4265-4268 4265 allyl alcohol vs that of acrolein). Alternatively, one could argue that acrolein liberates vinyl groups and allyl alcohol liberates acetylene; the former would The principal influences of the C = C group of allyl alcohol and acrolein are on the bonding configuration

Helgaker, Trygve

182

Adsorption and Diffusion of Alcohol Vapors by Argonne Premium Coals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Adsorption and Diffusion of Alcohol Vapors by Argonne Premium Coals ... Adsorption of methanol, ethanol, n-propanol, and n-butanol by Pocahontas No. 3, Upper Freeport, Illinois No. 6, and Beulah-Zap Argonne premium coals was investigated to clarify the effect of alkyl group bulk on adsorption and to evaluate the micropore and cross-linked structure of coals. ... Coals are thought to have a large surface area with an interconnected network of slitlike pores.1 However, Larsen et al.2 measured the adsorption of various gases on five Argonne Premium coals and, except for Beulah-Zap lignite, found that the very steep dependence of BET surface area was related to the molecular volume of the gas. ...

Toshimasa Takanohashi; Yuki Terao; Takahiro Yoshida; Masashi Iino

2000-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

183

Ultrasound enhanced soil washing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of an ultrasonic enhanced soil-washing process requires a comprehensive, well-designed experimental program, with the results carefully analyzed on the basis of known ultrasonic cleaning mechanisms. There has been no systematic work carried out to develop information on the important variables that can affect the efficacy of ultrasonic enhancement of contaminant removal from soil. The goal of this study is to examine the potential of ultrasonic energy to enhance soil washing and to optimize conditions. Ultrasonic energy potentially can be used in enhancing contaminant removal from the entire soil mix, or it can be used as a polishing operation on the fines portion of the soil mixture after traditional soil washing operations. The research study was designed to demonstrate that ultrasonic energy can: improve process performance, e.g., remove contaminants to lower residual concentrations; and improve process economics, e.g., shorter treatment (residence) times, less surfactant use. This process was demonstrated using soil contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

Meegoda, J.; Ho, W.; Bhattacharajee, M.; Wei, C.F.; Cohen, D.M.; Magee, R.S. [New Jersey Inst. of Technology, Newark, NJ (United States); Frederick, R.M. [Environmental Protection Agency, Edison, NJ (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

184

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B3.6 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

21, 2011 21, 2011 CX-007010: Categorical Exclusion Determination High Compression Ratio Turbocharged Gasoline Engine Operation Using Alcohol Enhancement CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6, B5.1 Date: 09/21/2011 Location(s): Cambridge, Massachusetts Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy September 21, 2011 CX-008672: Categorical Exclusion Determination UMass - Electrofuels via Direct Electron Transfer from Electrodes to Microbes II CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 09/21/2011 Location(s): California, Massachusetts Offices(s): Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy September 21, 2011 CX-008670: Categorical Exclusion Determination ITN Energy Systems - Low-cost Electrochromic Film on Plastic for Net-zero Energy Building CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6, B5.1 Date: 09/21/2011 Location(s): Colorado, Michigan

185

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.1 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1, 2011 1, 2011 CX-007010: Categorical Exclusion Determination High Compression Ratio Turbocharged Gasoline Engine Operation Using Alcohol Enhancement CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6, B5.1 Date: 09/21/2011 Location(s): Cambridge, Massachusetts Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy September 21, 2011 CX-006949: Categorical Exclusion Determination Indiana-City-Lafayette CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B2.5, B5.1 Date: 09/21/2011 Location(s): Lafayette, Indiana Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy September 21, 2011 CX-006948: Categorical Exclusion Determination Indiana-City-Evansville CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, B1.32, B5.1 Date: 09/21/2011 Location(s): Evansville, Indiana Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy September 21, 2011 CX-006844: Categorical Exclusion Determination

186

Novel Characterization of GDI Engine Exhaust for Gasoline and Mid-Level Gasoline-Alcohol Blends  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines can offer improved fuel economy and higher performance over their port fuel-injected (PFI) counterparts, and are now appearing in increasingly more U.S. and European vehicles. Small displacement, turbocharged GDI engines are replacing large displacement engines, particularly in light-duty trucks and sport utility vehicles, in order for manufacturers to meet more stringent fuel economy standards. GDI engines typically emit the most particulate matter (PM) during periods of rich operation such as start-up and acceleration, and emissions of air toxics are also more likely during this condition. A 2.0 L GDI engine was operated at lambda of 0.91 at typical loads for acceleration (2600 rpm, 8 bar BMEP) on three different fuels; an 87 anti-knock index (AKI) gasoline (E0), 30% ethanol blended with the 87 AKI fuel (E30), and 48% isobutanol blended with the 87 AKI fuel. E30 was chosen to maximize octane enhancement while minimizing ethanol-blend level and iBu48 was chosen to match the same fuel oxygen level as E30. Particle size and number, organic carbon and elemental carbon (OC/EC), soot HC speciation, and aldehydes and ketones were all analyzed during the experiment. A new method for soot HC speciation is introduced using a direct, thermal desorption/pyrolysis inlet for the gas chromatograph (GC). Results showed high levels of aromatic compounds were present in the PM, including downstream of the catalyst, and the aldehydes were dominated by the alcohol blending.

Storey, John Morse [ORNL] [ORNL; Lewis Sr, Samuel Arthur [ORNL] [ORNL; Szybist, James P [ORNL] [ORNL; Thomas, John F [ORNL] [ORNL; Barone, Teresa L [ORNL] [ORNL; Eibl, Mary A [ORNL] [ORNL; Nafziger, Eric J [ORNL] [ORNL; Kaul, Brian C [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Use of superconductor type catalysts in the preparation of tertiary butyl alcohol from tertiary butyl hydroperoxide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a method wherein a solution of a tertiary butyl hydroperoxide charge stock in tertiary butyl alcohol is brought into contact with a catalytically effective amount of a hydroperoxide decomposition catalyst in a hydroperoxide decomposition reaction zone in liquid phase with agitation to convert said tertiary butyl hydroperoxide to decomposition products, principally tertiary butyl alcohol, the improvement is described which comprises: (a) using a superconductor as said hydroperoxide decomposition catalyst, and (b) recovering tertiary butyl alcohol from the products of said hydroperoxide decomposition reaction.

Sanderson, J.R.; Stockton, M.E.

1993-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

188

NASA Enhanced Use Lease  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

KCA-4204 KCA-4204 NASA JOHN F. KENNEDY SPACE CENTER ENHANCED USE LEASE This Enhanced Use Lease (the "Lease") is made as of the date set forth below by the signatories, by and between the NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION, an Agency of the United States, John F. Kennedy Space Center, Florida, as the lessor (hereinafter "NASA-KSC"), and Florida Power & Light Company, a corporation organized and existing under the laws of the State of Florida, as the lessee (hereinafter "FPL"). This Lease is made under the authority of section 315 of the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, as amended (42 U.S.C. §2459j) with reference to the following facts: R E C I T A L S A. NASA-KSC is committed to using its real property assets to efficiently

189

Enhanced coalbed methane recovery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The recovery of coalbed methane can be enhanced by injecting CO{sub 2} in the coal seam at supercritical conditions. Through an in situ adsorption/desorption process the displaced methane is produced and the adsorbed CO{sub 2} is permanently stored. This is called enhanced coalbed methane recovery (ECBM) and it is a technique under investigation as a possible approach to the geological storage of CO{sub 2} in a carbon dioxide capture and storage system. This work reviews the state of the art on fundamental and practical aspects of the technology and summarizes the results of ECBM field tests. These prove the feasibility of ECBM recovery and highlight substantial opportunities for interdisciplinary research at the interface between earth sciences and chemical engineering.

Mazzotti, M.; Pini, R.; Storti, G. [ETH, Zurich (Switzerland). Inst. of Process Engineering

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

190

NASA Enhanced Use Lease  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

KCA-4204 KCA-4204 NASA JOHN F. KENNEDY SPACE CENTER ENHANCED USE LEASE This Enhanced Use Lease (the "Lease") is made as of the date set forth below by the signatories, by and between the NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION, an Agency of the United States, John F. Kennedy Space Center, Florida, as the lessor (hereinafter "NASA-KSC"), and Florida Power & Light Company, a corporation organized and existing under the laws of the State of Florida, as the lessee (hereinafter "FPL"). This Lease is made under the authority of section 315 of the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, as amended (42 U.S.C. §2459j) with reference to the following facts: R E C I T A L S A. NASA-KSC is committed to using its real property assets to efficiently

191

Enhancing nuclear power safety  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Through its ClydeUnion Pumps brand, SPX has a long history of providing pumps to the nuclear power industry and is working to help provide solutions that enhance vital safety systems on these plants. Compared with traditional alternatives, its TWL steam turbine driven pump is designed to increase the reliability of systems that provide heat removal from pressurised water reactors and boiling water reactors during extended emergency periods.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Alcohol-Folate Interactions in the Risk of Oral Cancer in Women: A Prospective Cohort Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2007;27:87-94. 7 WHO.int [Internet]. Geneva: WHO global status report...Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse 2004: Available from: http...alcconsumpt.pdf . 8 Cancer.org [Internet]. Alcohol and cancer. American...

Jayapriyaa R. Shanmugham; Athanasios I. Zavras; Bernard A. Rosner; and Edward L. Giovannucci

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Microcontact Imprinting of Algae on Poly(ethylene-co-vinyl alcohol) for Biofuel Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microcontact Imprinting of Algae on Poly(ethylene-co-vinyl alcohol) for Biofuel Cells ... The roadmap of algae biofuels technology in the U.S. has been elucidated since 2008 (http://www.orau.gov/algae2008/resources.htm). ...

Wen-Janq Chen; Mei-Hwa Lee; James L. Thomas; Po-Hsun Lu; Ming-Huan Li; Hung-Yin Lin

2013-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

194

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol exposure produces Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

produces Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Influence of Age at Drinking Onset on Long-Term Ethanol Self-Administration With Deprivation and Summary: of alcohol exposure. In particular,...

195

Cloning and sequencing of the alcohol dehydrogenase II gene from Zymomonas mobilis  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The alcohol dehydrogenase II gene from Zymomonas mobilis has been cloned and sequenced. This gene can be expressed at high levels in other organisms to produce acetaldehyde or to convert acetaldehyde to ethanol.

Ingram, Lonnie O. (Gainesville, FL); Conway, Tyrrell (Gainesville, FL)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol exposure decreases Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

decreases Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Influence of Age at Drinking Onset on Long-Term Ethanol Self-Administration With Deprivation and Summary: of alcohol exposure. In particular,...

197

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol exposure alters Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

alters Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Influence of Age at Drinking Onset on Long-Term Ethanol Self-Administration With Deprivation and Summary: of alcohol exposure. In particular,...

198

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohols caries incidence Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Student Summary: incident of a similar nature. 4.6 Amnesty for Multiple Alcohol-Related Medical Emergencies (a) For those... This Policy provides that any student who is in need...

199

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol pilot study Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

pilot study Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alcohol pilot study Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Influence of Age at Drinking Onset on...

200

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohols aldehydes acids Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5087-5090,1988 0040-403988 3.00 + .oO Printed in Great Britain Pergamon Press plc Summary: been shown to convert aldehydes to methyl esters, whereas secondary alcohols...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alcohol enhancement cxs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol prevention initiatives Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and other... of Drinking at U.S. Colleges." This report ... Source: Collection: Renewable Energy 30 2002 Society for the Study of Addiction to Alcohol and Other Drugs Addiction,...

202

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol binge drinking Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Student Sub-Committee January 25, 2007 - 3:30 p.m. Thomas Room... agreed that students' parents should be notified and alcohol education was appropriate. o ... Source: Furman...

203

Patterns of sports sponsorship by gambling, alcohol and food companies: an Internet survey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sponsorship by alcohol, gambling and unhealthy food products is more than twice as common as sponsorship from other sources for sports popular with young people, suggesting that limits on unhealthy sponsorship should be considered.

Anthony Maher; Nick Wilson; Louise Signal; George Thomson

2006-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

204

Development of miscella refining process for cottonseed oil-isopropyl alcohol system: laboratory-scale evaluations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A technologically feasible cottonseed oil-isopropyl alcohol (IPA) miscella refining process was developed to produce high quality cottonseed oil. Individual steps necessary to refine cottonseed oil-IPA miscella were determined and improved...

Chau, Chi-Fai

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Factor structure analysis of the Comprehensive Effects of Alcohol - Spanish questionnaire among adolescents in Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the psychometric properties of the Comprehensive Effects of Alcohol (CEOA) questionnaire with Spanish speaking populations. Using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), the factor structure of the Spanish version of the CEOA was assessed in a set of scores obtained...

Flato, Claudia Graciela

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

206

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol dependent hepatocyte Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in human liver tissue in vitro Summary: .M. Silva, P.J. O'Brien, Allyl alcohol- and acrolein-induced toxicity in isolated rat hepatocytes, Arch... bromide; Nac-acid,...

207

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol biomarker phosphatidylethanol Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and not the individual n-alkanes or n-alcohols themselves that constitute a biomarker (Jansen et al., 2006a). Obviously... location results in accumulation of biomarkers (in the...

208

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol-related brain damage Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

brain damage Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alcohol-related brain damage Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 R U Aware IIR U Aware II A...

209

Alcohol consumption and the risk of stroke among hypertensive and overweight men  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High blood pressure and overweight are risk factors for stroke. The aim of the present study was to examine the association between alcohol consumption and the risk of stroke according to the level of blood pr...

Sanna H. Rantakömi; Jari A. Laukkanen; Juhani Sivenius…

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Alcoholic biofuels as an admixture component for conventional and alternative diesel combustion processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biogenic admixture increases the possible savings in carbon dioxide emissions and reduces the dependency on fossil fuels. In this context especially alcohols not only provide the opportunity to optimize the tr...

Dipl.-Ing. Michael Kaack; Dr.-Ing. Christian Weiskirch…

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohols aldehydes acetals Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

alcohols aldehydes acetals Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 THE JOURNAL OF BIOL.OGICAL CHEMISTRY 0 1990 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. Summary:...

212

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol aldehyde acetals Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for: alcohol aldehyde acetals Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 THE JOURNAL OF BIOL.OGICAL CHEMISTRY 0 1990 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. Summary:...

213

Alcohol oxidizing enzymes and ethanol-induced cytotoxicity in rat pancreatic acinar AR42J cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Alcoholic chronic pancreatitis (ACP) is a serious inflammatory disease causing significant morbidity and mortality. Due to lack of a suitable animal model, the underlying mechanism of ACP is poorly understood. Ch...

Kamlesh K. Bhopale; Miriam Falzon…

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Enhanced Geothermal Systems Subprogram Overview  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This overview of GTP's Enhanced Geothermal Systems subprogram was given at the GTP Program Peer Review on May 18, 2010.

215

The consequence of late-onset alcohol abuse in aged bone: a histomorhometric analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of decreased intake and absorption, bone quality is negatively affected because of the decrease in nutrients that determine bone health (calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and vitamin D). Certain age-related physiological changes also promote osteoporosis... of ethanol treatment. Upon analysis of the bone content, they found that alcohol did not have an afFect on the bone mineral content such as calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus. Peng et. al. suggested that alcohol may induce an alteration...

Barker, Lisa Setchfield

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

216

The n-Alcohol Site in the Nicotinic Receptor Pore Is a Hydrophobic Patch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The n-Alcohol Site in the Nicotinic Receptor Pore Is a Hydrophobic Patch† ... Using both single-channel and rapid patch perfusion electrophysiology, we measured how these mutations affect nAChR sensitivity to ethanol and hexanol. ... These results support the existence of a large inhibitory patch in the nAChR pore lining where interactions with alcohols are primarily due to hydrophobic forces. ...

Qiong L. Zhou; Qing Zhou; Stuart A. Forman

2000-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

217

Modeling Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) Hydrogels in Water/Alcohol Mixtures with PC-SAFT  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Modeling Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) Hydrogels in Water/Alcohol Mixtures with PC-SAFT ... The PC-SAFT equation of state is used for thermodynamic modeling of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) PNIPAAm in water and alcohols (methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, and 2-propanol). ... The statistical association fluid theory (SAFT) developed by Chapman et al.,(42) a generally accepted and powerful equation of state based on statistical thermodynamics, provides an excellent framework for a variety of extensions and modifications. ...

Markus C. Arndt; Gabriele Sadowski

2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

218

Adsorption and Reaction of C1-C3 Alcohols over CeOx(111) Thin Films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study reports the interaction of methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, and 2-propanol with well-ordered CeO{sub 2}(111) thin film surfaces. All of the alcohols adsorb at low temperature by forming alkoxy and hydroxyl species on the surface. On fully oxidized CeO{sub 2}(111), recombination occurs between some of the alkoxys and hydroxyls, resulting in alcohol desorption near 220 K. At the same temperature, some of the surface hydroxyls disproportionate to produce water and the loss of lattice O. The remaining alkoxys react above 550 K. The primary alcohols favor dehydrogenation products (aldehydes). There is a net loss of O from the system, resulting in a reduction of the ceria. The secondary alcohol, 2-propanol, undergoes primarily dehydration, producing propene with no net change in the cerium oxidation state. Reduced CeO{sub x}(111) competes with the gaseous products for available O. Little or no water is produced. The reaction selectivity for the C{sub 2} and C{sub 3} alcohols shifts toward favoring dehydration products. The loss of O from the alcohols leads to oxidation of the reduced ceria. Compared with the oxidized surface, the alkene desorption shifts to lower temperature, whereas the aldehyde desorption shifts to higher temperature. This indicates that, on the reduced surface, it is easier to break the C-O bond but more difficult to break the O-substrate bond.

D Mullins; S Senanayake; T Chen

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

219

Chemicals for enhanced oil recovery. Semiannual report, 1 April 1980-30 September 1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of Chemicals for Enhanced Oil Recovery is to lower barriers to implementation of the micellar flood approach by decreasing cost and increasing availability of chemicals used in the process. This is done by finding alternative feedstocks in wastes or low valued organic byproducts and by development of lower cost production procedures. For this semiannual report, progress reports are presented for the following research areas: phase behavior in multicomponent systems containing tall oil ethoxylates; anionic tall oil derivatives (materials and methods, phase studies, interfacial tensions); sacrificial agents; economic considerations in materials selection; and materials and methods. A survey on the availability of materials, such as alcohols and unsaturated long-chain fatty acids, which could be used for micellar flooding revealed that some of the alternative chemicals which have been studied here such as oleic acid surfactants could substantially decrease micellar flooding chemical costs, if they are successful on further testing. Production of C/sub 3/ and C/sub 4/ alcohols and vegetable and tall oil fatty acids appear at a high enough level so that one million bbl of incremental oil per day would consume a substantial but not prohibitive fraction on the basis of requirements given in a recent Lewin report. However, substantial market disallocations could result from this level of chemical requirement, affecting the elastic prices of these materials. The effect of use of various alcohols and surfactants in novel fuel blends, such as gasohol and microemulsion diesel fuels, is unclear, since both competition and stimulation of production are involved.

Compere, A.L.; Crenshaw, J.M.; Greene, S.V.; Griffith, W.L. Johnson, J.S. Jr.; Jones, R.M.; Magid, L.J.; Triolo, R.; Westmoreland, C.G.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Alcohol-based fuels from syngases. [Alkanol fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Explains how a mixture of methanol and C/sub 2/-C/sub 6/ saturated alcohols (Alkanol fuel) has the potential for providing a gasoline-blending stock superior to that of straight-run methanol or ethanol. Summarizes the technical and economic advantages of producing and utilizing Alkanol fuels. Although methanol is cheaper, Alkanols represent a higher-quality fuel product with lower-oxygen content and higher hydrogen content. Increasing the methanol content of the Alkanol mixture has the potential to reduce the Alkanols cost of production to the equivalent of that of methanol on a constant heating value basis. The optimal composition will depend on production costs as well as on the properties of Alkanol mixtures necessary to generate a premium, synthetic transportation fuel. The Mobil M-Gasoline Process is an alternative route to converting methanol to synthetic transportation fuels. Concludes that development of the Alkanols Process is in its early stages and further work needs to be done in identifying and solving potential technical bottlenecks related to catalyst stability/selectivity and recovery of water-free Alkanol fuel mixtures. Current work is involved in the study of the performance and stability of several catalyst candidates utilizing a slurry reaction system and in the identification of optimal compositions of Alkanols for use as gasoline blending stocks.

Greene, M.I.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alcohol enhancement cxs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Spectrally Enhanced Lighting  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Spectrally enhanced lighting (SEL) is a cost-effective, low-risk design method for achieving significant energy savings. It entails shifting the color of lamps from the warmer to the cooler (whiter) end of the color spectrum, more closely matching daylight. Studies show that, with this color shift, occupants perceive lighting to be brighter and they are able to see more clearly. Since SEL provides the same levels of visual acuity with fewer lumens of output, SEL installations can be designed using fewer lamps or lower wattage lamps than traditional lighting.

222

Pancreatic injury in hepatic alcohol dehydrogenase-deficient deer mice after subchronic exposure to ethanol  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pancreatitis caused by activation of digestive zymogens in the exocrine pancreas is a serious chronic health problem in alcoholic patients. However, mechanism of alcoholic pancreatitis remains obscure due to lack of a suitable animal model. Earlier, we reported pancreatic injury and substantial increases in endogenous formation of fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) in the pancreas of hepatic alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH)-deficient (ADH{sup -}) deer mice fed 4% ethanol. To understand the mechanism of alcoholic pancreatitis, we evaluated dose-dependent metabolism of ethanol and related pancreatic injury in ADH{sup -} and hepatic ADH-normal (ADH{sup +}) deer mice fed 1%, 2% or 3.5% ethanol via Lieber-DeCarli liquid diet daily for 2 months. Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) was remarkably increased and the concentration was {approx} 1.5-fold greater in ADH{sup -} vs. ADH{sup +} deer mice fed 3.5% ethanol. At the end of the experiment, remarkable increases in pancreatic FAEEs and significant pancreatic injury indicated by the presence of prominent perinuclear space, pyknotic nuclei, apoptotic bodies and dilation of glandular ER were found only in ADH{sup -} deer mice fed 3.5% ethanol. This pancreatic injury was further supported by increased plasma lipase and pancreatic cathepsin B (a lysosomal hydrolase capable of activating trypsinogen), trypsinogen activation peptide (by-product of trypsinogen activation process) and glucose-regulated protein 78 (endoplasmic reticulum stress marker). These findings suggest that ADH-deficiency and high alcohol levels in the body are the key factors in ethanol-induced pancreatic injury. Therefore, determining how this early stage of pancreatic injury advances to inflammation stage could be important for understanding the mechanism(s) of alcoholic pancreatitis.

Kaphalia, Bhupendra S., E-mail: bkaphali@utmb.ed [Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States); Bhopale, Kamlesh K.; Kondraganti, Shakuntala; Wu Hai; Boor, Paul J.; Ansari, G.A. Shakeel [Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States)

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Treating isopropyl alcohol by a regenerative catalytic oxidizer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Regenerative catalytic oxidizer (RCO) can be conveniently used to control emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), because of their thermal recovery efficiency (TRE), low fuel cost and high oxidation. In this work, catalysts with various metal weight loadings were prepared by deposition–precipitation, wet impregnation and incipient impregnation to treat isopropyl alcohol (IPA). We used the excellent catalytic performance in a pilot RCO to test IPA oxidation performance under various conditions. The best catalyst was selected and its TRE, bed temperature variations, pressure drops and selectivity of the catalyst were more widely discussed. The results demonstrate that the optimal catalyst was prepared by wet impregnation with 20 wt.% metal on ceramic honeycomb (CH). 20 wt.% Cu–Co/(CH) catalyst was the best catalyst used in a RCO because it was effective in treating IPA, with a CO2 yield of up to 95% at a heating zone temperature (Tset) = 400 °C under various conditions. It also had the largest tolerance of variations in inlet IPA concentration and gas velocity (Ug). This 20 wt.% Cu–Co/(CH) catalyst in a RCO performed well in terms of TRE, pressure drop and selectivity to CO2. The TRE range in a RCO was from 87.8 to 91.2% under various conditions, and decreased as Ug increased in a fixed Tset. The pressure drop increased with Ug and Tset. The selectivity to CO2 increased to over 95% at 300 °C, and that to propene remained at 2–5% from 200 to 400 °C. Finally, the stability test results indicated that the 20 wt.% Cu–Co/(CH) catalyst was very stable at various CO2 yields and temperatures.

Jie-Chung Lou; Shih-Wei Huang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Plasmonic enhanced ultrafast switch.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ultrafast electronic switches fabricated from defective material have been used for several decades in order to produce picosecond electrical transients and TeraHertz radiation. Due to the ultrashort recombination time in the photoconductor materials used, these switches are inefficient and are ultimately limited by the amount of optical power that can be applied to the switch before self-destruction. The goal of this work is to create ultrafast (sub-picosecond response) photoconductive switches on GaAs that are enhanced through plasmonic coupling structures. Here, the plasmonic coupler primarily plays the role of being a radiation condenser which will cause carriers to be generated adjacent to metallic electrodes where they can more efficiently be collected.

Subramania,Ganapathi Subramanian; Reno, John Louis; Passmore, Brandon Scott; Harris, Tom.; Shaner, Eric Arthur; Barrick, Todd A.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Photon enhanced thermionic emission  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Photon Enhanced Thermionic Emission (PETE) is exploited to provide improved efficiency for radiant energy conversion. A hot (greater than 200.degree. C.) semiconductor cathode is illuminated such that it emits electrons. Because the cathode is hot, significantly more electrons are emitted than would be emitted from a room temperature (or colder) cathode under the same illumination conditions. As a result of this increased electron emission, the energy conversion efficiency can be significantly increased relative to a conventional photovoltaic device. In PETE, the cathode electrons can be (and typically are) thermalized with respect to the cathode. As a result, PETE does not rely on emission of non-thermalized electrons, and is significantly easier to implement than hot-carrier emission approaches.

Schwede, Jared; Melosh, Nicholas; Shen, Zhixun

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

226

Enhanced Chemical Cleaning  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Chemical Cleaning Chemical Cleaning Renee H. Spires Enhanced Chemical Cleaning Project Manager July 29, 2009 Tank Waste Corporate Board 2 Objective Provide an overview of the ECC process and plan 3 Chemical Cleaning * Oxalic Acid can get tanks clean - Tank 16 set a standard in 1982 - Tanks 5-6 Bulk OA cleaning results under evaluation * However, the downstream flowsheet and financial impacts of handling the spent acid were unacceptable Before After Tank 16 Tank 16 4 Oxalic Acid Flowsheet Impacts Evap Sludge Washing Evap Feed/Drop Tank 8 Wt% Oxalic Acid Neutralization Tank Solids Liquid High oxalate concentration Negligible oxalate concentration * Oxalates from chemical cleaning impact salt processing * A process change was needed Evaporator Saltstone Vaults DWPF Filled Canisters 5 Vision * Eliminate the impacts to the Tank Farm

227

Galactose oxidase in stereospecific oxidation of primary alcohols  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rate sufficient to account for the change in absorbance observed in the galactose oxidase reaction. Potassium ferricyanide also oxidizes o-dianisidine, the chromagen used in the assay, but again, at the concentrations used in the assay, the increase...-carbon polyols are very good substrates. Six-carbon polyols are very weak substrates presumably because of steric hindrance, but they may be enhanced to reasonable substrates by small concentrations of potassium ferricyanide. 30 CHAPTER V SYNTHESIS OF L...

Root, Robert Lee

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Enhancing Railroad Hazardous Materials Transportation Safety...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Enhancing Railroad Hazardous Materials Transportation Safety Enhancing Railroad Hazardous Materials Transportation Safety Presented by Kevin R. Blackwell, Radioactive Materials...

229

Seismic Fracture Characterization Methods for Enhanced Geothermal...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Seismic Fracture Characterization Methods for Enhanced Geothermal Systems Seismic Fracture Characterization Methods for Enhanced Geothermal Systems Project objective: Make Seismic...

230

Atomic Ordering Enhanced Electrocatalytic Activity of Nanoalloys...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ordering Enhanced Electrocatalytic Activity of Nanoalloys for Oxygen Reduction Reaction. Atomic Ordering Enhanced Electrocatalytic Activity of Nanoalloys for Oxygen Reduction...

231

Restraint stress exacerbates alcohol-induced reproductive toxicity in male rats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Cumulative exposure to multiple stresses may lead to aggravating the toxicity of each stress, qualitatively or quantitatively altering biological responses because of toxicological interaction. In this study, we intended to determine the possible effects of restraint stress on reproductive toxicity due to ethanol usage in male rats. Early pubertal male Wistar rats were subjected to either restraint stress (5 h/day) or alcohol intoxication (2 mg/kg body weight) or both for 60 days. Body weights of control and experimental rats were similar during the 60 days of this study. Testes were harvested, weighed, and prepared for enzyme assays, and cauda epididymides were isolated for the determination of density, motility, and viability of stored spermatozoa. Restraint stress or alcohol treatment significantly reduced testis weight and caused significant reductions in steroidogenesis and spermatogenesis. Mean density, motility, and viability of stored spermatozoa were reduced in experimental rats. Plasma testosterone concentrations in rats subjected to restraint stress or alcohol were decreased compared with those of controls, concomitant with increased concentrations of LH and FSH in experimental rats. These data suggest that sub-chronic exposure to restraint stress or alcohol contribute to reduce testicular and epididymal function in exposed rats. The study also suggests that restraint stress exacerbates alcohol-induced reproductive toxicity in rats.

P. Hari Priya; B.P. Girish; P. Sreenivasula Reddy

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

CATALYST ENHANCED MICRO SCALE BATCHCATALYST ENHANCED MICRO SCALE BATCH ASSEMBLYASSEMBLY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CATALYST ENHANCED MICRO SCALE BATCHCATALYST ENHANCED MICRO SCALE BATCH ASSEMBLYASSEMBLY RajashreeCollection/Analysis Capabilities · Parts (800x800x50µmParts (800x800x50µm33 ) and catalysts (2x2x.5mm) and catalysts (2x2x.5mm33 non-participating millimeter scale parts that act as `catalysts'. We present experimental results

233

Traumatic brain injury induces neuroinflammation and neuronal degeneration that is associated with escalated alcohol self-administration in rats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractBackground Traumatic brain injury (TBI) affects millions of people each year and is characterized by direct tissue injury followed by a neuroinflammatory response. The post-TBI recovery period can be associated with a negative emotional state characterized by alterations in affective behaviors implicated in the development of Alcohol Use Disorder in humans. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that post-TBI neuroinflammation is associated with behavioral dysfunction, including escalated alcohol intake. Methods Adult male Wistar rats were trained to self-administer alcohol prior to counterbalanced assignment into naïve, craniotomy, and TBI groups by baseline drinking. TBI was produced by lateral fluid percussion (LFP; >2 ATM; 25 ms). Alcohol drinking and neurobehavioral function were measured at baseline and following TBI in all experimental groups. Markers of neuroinflammation (GFAP and ED1) and neurodegeneration (FJC) were determined by fluorescence histochemistry in brains excised at sacrifice 19 days post-TBI. Results The cumulative increase in alcohol intake over the 15 days post-TBI was greater in TBI animals compared to naïve controls. A higher rate of pre-injury alcohol intake was associated with a greater increase in post-injury alcohol intake in both TBI and craniotomy animals. Immediately following TBI, both TBI and craniotomy animals exhibited greater neurobehavioral dysfunction compared to naïve animals. GFAP, IBA-1, ED1, and FJC immunoreactivity at 19 days post-TBI was significantly higher in brains from TBI animals compared to both craniotomy and naïve animals. Conclusions These results show an association between post-TBI escalation of alcohol drinking and marked localized neuroinflammation at the site of injury. Moreover, these results highlight the relevance of baseline alcohol preference in determining post-TBI alcohol drinking. Further investigation to determine the contribution of neuroinflammation to increased alcohol drinking post-TBI is warranted.

Jacques P. Mayeux; Sophie X. Teng; Paige S. Katz; Nicholas W. Gilpin; Patricia E. Molina

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Enhanced membrane gas separations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An improved membrane gas separation process is described comprising: (a) passing a feed gas stream to the non-permeate side of a membrane system adapted for the passage of purge gas on the permeate side thereof, and for the passage of the feed gas stream in a counter current flow pattern relative to the flow of purge gas on the permeate side thereof, said membrane system being capable of selectively permeating a fast permeating component from said feed gas, at a feed gas pressure at or above atmospheric pressure; (b) passing purge gas to the permeate side of the membrane system in counter current flow to the flow of said feed gas stream in order to facilitate carrying away of said fast permeating component from the surface of the membrane and maintaining the driving force for removal of the fast permeating component through the membrane from the feed gas stream, said permeate side of the membrane being maintained at a subatmospheric pressure within the range of from about 0.1 to about 5 psia by vacuum pump means; (c) recovering a product gas stream from the non-permeate side of the membrane; and (d) discharging purge gas and the fast permeating component that has permeated the membrane from the permeate side of the membrane, whereby the vacuum conditions maintained on the permeate side of the membrane by said vacuum pump means enhance the efficiency of the gas separation operation, thereby reducing the overall energy requirements thereof.

Prasad, R.

1993-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

235

Enhanced local tomography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Local tomography is enhanced to determine the location and value of a discontinuity between a first internal density of an object and a second density of a region within the object. A beam of radiation is directed in a predetermined pattern through the region of the object containing the discontinuity. Relative attenuation data of the beam is determined within the predetermined pattern having a first data component that includes attenuation data through the region. In a first method for evaluating the value of the discontinuity, the relative attenuation data is inputted to a local tomography function .function..sub..LAMBDA. to define the location S of the density discontinuity. The asymptotic behavior of .function..sub..LAMBDA. is determined in a neighborhood of S, and the value for the discontinuity is estimated from the asymptotic behavior of .function..sub..LAMBDA.. In a second method for evaluating the value of the discontinuity, a gradient value for a mollified local tomography function .gradient..function..sub..LAMBDA..epsilon. (x.sub.ij) is determined along the discontinuity; and the value of the jump of the density across the discontinuity curve (or surface) S is estimated from the gradient values.

Katsevich, Alexander J. (Los Alamos, NM); Ramm, Alexander G. (Manhattan, KS)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Process to convert biomass and refuse derived fuel to ethers and/or alcohols  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process is described for conversion of a feedstock selected from the group consisting of biomass and refuse derived fuel (RDF) to provide reformulated gasoline components comprising a substantial amount of materials selected from the group consisting of ethers, alcohols, or mixtures thereof, comprising: drying said feedstock; subjecting said dried feedstock to fast pyrolysis using a vortex reactor or other means; catalytically cracking vapors resulting from said pyrolysis using a zeolite catalyst; condensing any aromatic byproduct fraction; catalytically alkylating any benzene present in said vapors after condensation; catalytically oligomerizing any remaining ethylene and propylene to higher olefins; isomerizing said olefins to reactive iso-olefins; and catalytically reacting said iso-olefins with an alcohol to form ethers or with water to form alcohols. 35 figs.

Diebold, J.P.; Scahill, J.W.; Chum, H.L.; Evans, R.J.; Rejai, B.; Bain, R.L.; Overend, R.P.

1996-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

237

Process to convert biomass and refuse derived fuel to ethers and/or alcohols  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for conversion of a feedstock selected from the group consisting of biomass and refuse derived fuel (RDF) to provide reformulated gasoline components comprising a substantial amount of materials selected from the group consisting of ethers, alcohols, or mixtures thereof, comprising: drying said feedstock; subjecting said dried feedstock to fast pyrolysis using a vortex reactor or other means; catalytically cracking vapors resulting from said pyrolysis using a zeolite catalyst; condensing any aromatic byproduct fraction; catalytically alkylating any benzene present in said vapors after condensation; catalytically oligomerizing any remaining ethylene and propylene to higher olefins; isomerizing said olefins to reactive iso-olefins; and catalytically reacting said iso-olefins with an alcohol to form ethers or with water to form alcohols.

Diebold, James P. (Lakewood, CO); Scahill, John W. (Evergreen, CO); Chum, Helena L. (Arvada, CO); Evans, Robert J. (Lakewood, CO); Rejai, Bahman (Lakewood, CO); Bain, Richard L. (Golden, CO); Overend, Ralph P. (Lakewood, CO)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Maternal Risk Factors for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in a Province in Italy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractBackground Maternal risk factors for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) in Italy and Mediterranean cultures need clarification, as there are few studies and most are plagued by inaccurate reporting of antenatal alcohol use. Methods Maternal interviews (n = 905) were carried out in a population-based study of the prevalence and characteristics of FASD in the Lazio region of Italy which provided data for multivariate case control comparisons and multiple correlation models. Results Case control findings from interviews seven years post-partum indicate that mothers of children with FASD are significantly more likely than randomly-selected controls or community mothers to: be shorter; have higher body mass indexes (BMI); be married to a man with legal problems; report more drinking three months pre-pregnancy; engage in more current drinking and drinking alone; and have alcohol problems in her family. Logistic regression analysis of multiple candidate predictors of a FASD diagnosis indicates that alcohol problems in the child's family is the most significant risk factor, making a diagnosis within the continuum of FASD 9 times more likely (95% C.I. = 1.6 to 50.7). Sequential multiple regression analysis of the child's neuropsychological performance also identifies alcohol problems in the child's family as the only significant maternal risk variable (p<.001) when controlling for other potential risk factors. Conclusions Underreporting of prenatal alcohol use has been demonstrated among Italian and other Mediterranean antenatal samples, and it was suspected in this sample. Nevertheless, several significant maternal risk factors for FASD have been identified.

Mauro Ceccanti; Daniela Fiorentino; Giovanna Coriale; Wendy O. Kalberg; David Buckley; H. Eugene Hoyme; J. Phillip Gossage; Luther K. Robinson; Melanie Manning; Marina Romeo; Julie M. Hasken; Barbara Tabachnick; Jason Blankenship; Philip A. May

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Endorcine Effects of Pyrethroid Pesticide Esfenvalerate Metabolites; 3-Phenoxybenzyl Alcohol and 3-Phenoxybenzoic Acid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-phenoxybenzyl alcohol are two metabolites common to many of the type I and type II pyrethroid pesticides. In vitro experiments were conducted in our laboratory using MCF-7 estrogen dependent breast cancer cells. These cells were grown in 96 well plates...) and .001 (.56 nm) mM both also showed proliferation greater than 1nM (.54 nm) estradiol at day 5. In vivo experiments were conducted by dosing immature female Sprague Dawley rats with 10mg/kg esfenvalerate, 10mg/kg 3-phenoxybenzyl alcohol, and 10mg...

Chavez, Marco

2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

240

Structural and electronic properties of poly(vinyl alcohol) using density functional theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first principles calculations have been carried out to investigate the structural, electronic band structure density of states along with the projected density of states for poly(vinyl alcohol). Our structural calculation suggests that the poly(vinyl alcohol) exhibits monoclinic structure. The calculated structural lattice parameters are in excellent agreement with available experimental values. The band structure calculations reveal that the direct and indirect band gaps are 5.55 eV and 5.363 eV respectively in accordance with experimental values.

Dabhi, Shweta, E-mail: shwetadabhi1190@gmail.com; Jha, Prafulla K., E-mail: shwetadabhi1190@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Maharaja Krishnakumasinhji Bhavnagar University, Bhavnagar-364001 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alcohol enhancement cxs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Lignite Fuel Enhancement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This 11th quarterly Technical Progress Report for the Lignite Fuel Enhancement Project summarizes activities from January 1st through March 31st of 2007. It summarizes the completion of the Prototype testing activity and initial full-scale dryer design, Budget Period 2 activity during that time period. The Design Team completed process design and layouts of air, water, and coal systems. Heyl-Patterson completed dryer drawings and has sent RFPs to several fabricators for build and assembly. Several meetings were held with Barr engineers to finalize arrangement of the drying, air jig, and coal handling systems. Honeywell held meetings do discuss the control system logic and hardware location. By the end of March we had processed nearly 300,000 tons of lignite through the dryer. Outage preparation maintenance activities on a coal transfer hopper restricted operation of the dryer in February and March. The Outage began March 17th. We will not dry coal again until early May when the Outage on Unit No.2 completes. The Budget Period 1 (Phase 1) final report was submitted this quarter. Comments were received from NETL and are being reviewed. The Phase 2 Project Management Plan was submitted to NETL in January 2007. This deliverable also included the Financing Plan. An application for R&D 100 award was submitted in February. The project received an award from the Minnesota Professional Engineering Society's Seven Wonders of Engineering Award and Minnesota ACEC Grand Award in January. To further summarize, the focus this quarter has been on finalizing commercial design and the layout of four dryers behind each Unit. The modification to the coal handling facilities at Coal Creek and incorporation of air jigs to further beneficiate the segregated material the dryers will reject 20 to 30 % of the mercury and sulfur is segregated however this modification will recover the carbon in that stream.

Charles Bullinger

2007-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

242

The effect of chronic ethanol consumption on enzyme activities of the energy-supplying metabolism and the alcohol-aldehyde oxidizing system in rat hearts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigated in rat hearts if chronic alcohol consumption causes an enzymatic adaption of the energy-supplying metabolism and/or of the alcohol- ... with a liquid diet for 10 weeks. Ethanol was added to this d...

Dr. H. H. Klein; U. Spaar; H. Kreuzer

243

Alcohol Quantity and Type on Risk of Recurrent Gout Attacks: An Internet-based Case-crossover Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractObjectives Although beer and liquor have been associated with risk of incident gout, wine has not. Yet anecdotally, wine is thought to trigger gout attacks. Further, how much alcohol intake is needed to increase the risk of gout attack is not known. We examined the quantity and type of alcohol consumed on risk of recurrent gout attacks. Methods We conducted a prospective Internet-based case-crossover study in the US among participants with gout and who had at least one attack during the 1 year of follow-up. We evaluated the association of alcohol intake over the prior 24 hours as well as the type of alcoholic beverage with risk of recurrent gout attack, adjusting for potential time-varying confounders. Results This study included 724 participants with gout (78% men, mean age 54 years). There was a significant dose-response relationship between amount of alcohol consumption and risk of recurrent gout attacks (P gout attack was 1.36 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.00-1.88) and 1.51 (95% CI, 1.09-2.09) times higher for >1-2 and >2-4 alcoholic beverages, respectively, compared with no alcohol consumption in the prior 24 hours. Consuming wine, beer, or liquor was each associated with an increased risk of gout attack. Conclusions Episodic alcohol consumption, regardless of type of alcoholic beverage, was associated with an increased risk of recurrent gout attacks, including potentially with moderate amounts. Individuals with gout should limit alcohol intake of all types to reduce the risk of recurrent gout attacks.

Tuhina Neogi; Clara Chen; Jingbo Niu; Christine Chaisson; David J. Hunter; Yuqing Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Syngas production by plasma treatments of alcohols, bio-oils and wood This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Syngas production by plasma treatments of alcohols, bio-oils and wood This article has been Contact us My IOPscience #12;Syngas production by plasma treatments of alcohols, bio-oils and wood K conversion of biomass provide a great variety of products: oils, alcohols and gases. After treatment

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

245

Preparation of novel carbon microfiber/carbon nanofiber-dispersed polyvinyl alcohol-based nanocomposite material for lithium-ion electrolyte battery separator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

December 2012 Keywords: Li-ion battery separator Polyvinyl alcohol Carbon micro-nanofibers Suspension acetate to produce polyvinyl alcohol gel, ball-milling of the surfactant dispersed carbon micro of the polyvinyl alcohol gel formation, and the mixing of hydro- phobic reagents along with polyethylene glycol

Singh, Jayant K.

246

Synthesis of higher alcohols from carbon monoxide and hydrogen in a slurry reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Higher, i.e. C{sub 2{sup +}}, alcohols are desired as gasoline additives, feedstocks for producing ethers and as alternative fuels for automobiles. In all cases, the backbone branching of an alcohol improves octane rating, which is essential for good engine performance. These types of branched, higher alcohols are the desired products for a process converting synthesis gas, a CO and H{sub 2} mixture, often generated from coal gasification. Based on this premise, promoted ZnCr oxide catalysts appear to be as one of the best avenues for further investigation. Once this investigation is complete, a natural extension is to replace the Cr in the ZnCr oxide catalyst with Mo and W, both in the same elemental triad with Cr. Mo has already been shown as an active HAS catalyst, both on a SiO{sub 2} support and in the MoS{sub 2} form. The three catalyst combinations, ZnMo, ZnW, and MnCr oxides will be tested in the stirred autoclave system. However, if none of the three indicate any comparable activity and/or selectivity toward higher alcohols as compared with other HAS catalysts, then an investigation of the effects of Cs promotion on the ZnCr oxide methanol catalysts will be executed.

McCutchen, M.S.

1992-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

247

Miniature Enzyme-Based Electrodes for Detection of Hydrogen Peroxide Release from Alcohol-Injured Hepatocytes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

generated by hepatocytes has not been undertaken to the best of our knowledge. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2Miniature Enzyme-Based Electrodes for Detection of Hydrogen Peroxide Release from Alcohol clinical and experimental studies, it has been found that the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS

Ferrara, Katherine W.

248

Stimulation of Fermentation and Yeast-like Morphogenesis in Mucor rouxii by Phenethyl Alcohol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of M. rouxii (IM 80) only if the gas phase contained C02, and this specific effect...could nevertheless produce a yeast-like phase in an- aerobiosis without exogenously...EFFECT OF PHENETHYL ALCOHOL ON M. ROUXII hydrate metabolism of yeast p. 289-306. In...

H. F. Terenzi; R. Storck

1969-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Synthesis of higher alcohols on copper catalysts supported on alkali-promoted basic oxides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in higher alcohol synthesis and water±gas shift (WGS) reactions reversibly inhibits the formation. A detailed kinetic analysis shows that chain growth probabilities are very similar on K±CuyMg5CeOx and Cs of their higher water tolerance, reduced fuel volatility and lower vapor lock tendency, and also because

Iglesia, Enrique

250

Design Case Summary: Production of Mixed Alcohols from Municipal Solid Waste via Gasification  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Bioenergy Technologies Office develops design cases to understand the current state of conversion technologies and to determine where improvements need to take place in the future. This design case establishes cost targets for converting MSW to ethanol and other mixed alcohols via gasification.

251

Raman spectroscopic measurement of oxidation in supercritical water. 2: Conversion of isopropyl alcohol to acetone  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The oxidation of isopropyl alcohol in supercritical water has been investigated using Raman spectroscopy. Results for species concentration as a function of residence-time are presented for temperatures ranging from 400 to 480 C at constant pressure, 24.4 {+-} 0.3 MPa, and constant equivalence ratio, 0.88 {+-} 0.0. Acetone has been identified as the principal intermediate formed and subsequently destroyed, during the oxidation process. By assuming first-order kinetics for the destruction of both isopropyl alcohol and acetone, effective first-order rate constants have been determined from fits of the experimental data. Assuming Arrhenius behavior, the fits yield rate constants for isopropyl alcohol, k{sub eff,ipa} = 3.255 {times} 10{sup 22}(s{sup {minus}1}) exp [{minus}301.1 (kJ/mol)/RT], and for acetone, k{sub eff,ace} = 1.948 {times} 10{sup 10}(s{sup {minus}1}) exp[{minus}137.7(kJ/mol)/RT]. These results indicate that for temperatures greater than 425 C, the destruction of isopropyl alcohol proceeds faster than that of acetone.

Hunter, T.B.; Rice, S.F.; Hanush, R.G. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States). Combustion Research Facility] [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States). Combustion Research Facility

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

LEHIGH UNIVERSITY REQUEST TO SERVE ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES AT UNIVERSITY-SPONSORED EVENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, as indicated above, and for the catering of food by Lehigh University Dining Services, on the above indicated amounts of hors d'oeuvres or other food, as determined by Lehigh University Dining Services, in relation: Phone: Email: Date of Event: Event Title: Alcohol Service: Begin Time: End Time: Check here if wine

Napier, Terrence

253

Glucose Oxidase Encapsulated Polyvinyl Alcohol–Silica Hybrid Films for an Electrochemical Glucose Sensing Electrode  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An amperometric glucose enzyme electrode was developed by the immobilization of glucose oxidase (GOD) in a composite material based on polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and partially prehydrolyzed tetraethyl orthosilicate (pphTEOS) on the surface of “in-house” fabricated graphite electrodes. ... Template-Synthesized Nanoscopic Gold Particles: Optical Spectra and the Effects of Particle Size and Shape ...

Umesh Lad; Girish M. Kale; Rayna Bryaskova

2013-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

254

Thermal Processing Techniques to Improve Metal Sulfide Mixed Alcohol Catalyst Performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research over several decades by several institutions has shown that alkali-promoted metal sulfide catalysts are capable of producing mixed alcohols from syngas with high selectivity and yield. Unfortunately, process models suggest that syngas to mixed alcohol processes, and especially thermochemical biomass to mixed alcohol processes, require improvements to sulfide catalyst activity and/or selectivity for acceptable economics. These improvements, if incremental, cannot result in increased process complexity, capital expenditure, or catalyst costs. It is well accepted among catalyst researchers that thermal processing techniques like calcining and reduction can have profound effects on the properties and performance of finished catalysts, and that small variations in thermal processing do not usually affect the overall cost of the catalyst. Metal sulfide catalysts are no exception but surprisingly, little attention has been given to the effects of thermal treatment on bulk metal sulfide mixed alcohol catalysts. This presentation will discuss how parameters like temperature, dwell time, metal ratios, and purge gas affect the performance and physical properties of K-Co/Mo catalysts.

Hensley, J.; Menart, M.; Costelow, K.; Thibodeaux, J.; Yung, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Alcohol fuels. 1978-June, 1980 (citations from the NTIS Data Base). Report for 1978-Jun 80  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bibliography covers Federally-funded research on alcohol based fuels that may be used in the future as a fuel source. The citations cover synthesis, chemical analysis, performance testing, processing, pollution, economics, environmental effects, and feasibility. (This updated bibliography contains 245 citations, 110 of which are new entries to the previous edition.)

Cavagnaro, D.M.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Alcohol fuels. 1978-June, 1980 (citations from the NTIS Data Base). Report for 1978-Jun 80  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bibliography covers Federally-funded research on alcohol based fuels, including gasohol, that may be used in the future as a fuel source. The citations cover bioconversion of solid wastes, synthesis, chemical analysis, performance testing, processing, pollution, economics, environmental effects, and feasibility. (This updated bibliography contains 245 citations, none of which are new entries to the previous edition.)

Not Available

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Level of osteopenia and bone recovery in alcohol-fed adolescent rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consumption on young, actively growing adolescent bones have not been done. The objective of this study was to determine the level of bone recovery, if any, once an adolescent ceases alcohol consumption. Fifty, 4-week old, female, Sprague-Dawley rats were...

Spears, Heather Lynae

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

258

Alcohol Consumption and Lung Cancer: A Review of the Epidemiologic Evidence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...particularly beer intake may increase lung cancer risk after...has been suggested to increase lung cancer risk in a...that alcohol intake may increase lung cancer risk (3...criteria to assess the quality of the studies were assessment...usual consumption of wine (including Japanese...

Elisa V. Bandera; Jo L. Freudenheim; and John E. Vena

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Drinking Drivers in Sweden Who Consume Denatured Alcohol Preparations: An Analytical-Toxicological Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......of analyzing alcohol increases with the concentrationof...100-500 mg/L in red wine, whisky, and fruit...in the blood therefore increases under these conditions...system, and strong beer, wines, and spirits can only...Economic Control of Quality of the Manufac- tured......

A.W. Jones; Monica Lund; Eva Andersson

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Effect of Smoking and Alcohol Consumption on Laryngeal Cancer Risk in Coastal Texas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...separate measures for beer, wine, and hard liquor intake...interviewer-assessed poor quality data, leaving 151 cases...while nonsignificant increases in risk were associated...few respondents drank wine. Compared to nondrinkers...alcohol intake tended to increase and then taper off...

Roni T. Falk; Linda W. Pickle; Linda Morris Brown; Thomas J. Mason; Patricia A. Buffler; and Joseph F. Fraumeni, Jr.

1989-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alcohol enhancement cxs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

RMOTC - Testing - Enhanced Oil Recovery  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Enhanced Oil Recovery Enhanced Oil Recovery Notice: As of July 15th 2013, the Department of Energy announced the intent to sell Naval Petroleum Reserve Number 3 (NPR3). The sale of NPR-3 will also include the sale of all equipment and materials onsite. A decision has been made by the Department of Energy to complete testing at RMOTC by July 1st, 2014. RMOTC will complete testing in the coming year with the currently scheduled testing partners. For more information on the sale of NPR-3 and sale of RMOTC equipment and materials please join our mailing list here. RMOTC will play a significant role in continued enhanced oil recovery (EOR) technology development and field demonstration. A scoping engineering study on Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 3's (NPR-3) enhanced oil recovery

262

Enhanced Integrity LNG Storage Tanks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years close attention has been given to increasing the integrity of LNG storage tanks. The M.W. Kellogg Company is a participant in four major LNG projects that incorporate enhanced integrity LNG storag...

W. S. Jacobs; S. E. Handman

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

ATLAS Enhanced Capabilities and Questions  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

ATLAS provides an enterprise wide solution for managing DOE’s transportation activities. ATLAS combined and enhanced the existing tools in a reliable, efficient, user friendly and secure cloud platform.

264

Prospects for Enhancing Carbon Sequestration and Reclamation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Prospects for Enhancing Carbon Sequestration and Reclamation of Degraded Lands with Fossil-fuel Combustion By-products. Prospects for Enhancing Carbon Sequestration and Reclamation...

265

Novel Phosphazene Compounds for Enhancing Electrolyte Stability...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Phosphazene Compounds for Enhancing Electrolyte Stability and Safety of Lithium-ion Cells Novel Phosphazene Compounds for Enhancing Electrolyte Stability and Safety of Lithium-ion...

266

Novel Phosphazene Compounds for Enhancing Electrolyte Stability...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Novel Phosphazene Compounds for Enhancing Electrolyte Stability and Safety of Lithium-ion Cells Novel Phosphazene Compounds for Enhancing Electrolyte Stability and Safety of...

267

CO2 Sequestration Enhances Coalbed Methane Production.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Since 1980s, petroleum engineers and geologists have conducted researches on Enhanced Coalbed Methane Recovery (ECBM). During this period, many methods are introduced to enhance the… (more)

Pang, Yu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Enhanced Geothermal Systems | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

About the Geothermal Technologies Office Enhanced Geothermal Systems Enhanced Geothermal Systems The Newberry Volcano near Bend, Oregon is one of five active Energy Department...

269

Enhanced Renewable Methane Production System | Argonne National...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Enhanced Renewable Methane Production System Technology available for licensing: Enhanced renewable methane production system provides a low-cost process that accelerates...

270

"Heat Exchange Enhancing Insert" Inventors .--.. Andrei Khodak...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Heat Exchange Enhancing Insert" Inventors .--.. Andrei Khodak, Michael A. Jaworski A new shape of the heat enhancing insert is proposed. This device creates an impinging jet...

271

Enhanced Oil Recovery | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Enhanced Oil Recovery Enhanced Oil Recovery Cross-section illustrating how carbon dioxide and water can be used to flush residual oil from a subsurface rock formation between...

272

Enhanced Oil Recovery | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Enhanced Oil Recovery Enhanced Oil Recovery Thanks in part to innovations supported by the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory over the past 30 years,...

273

Purification of a Water Extract of Chinese Sweet Tea Plant (Rubus suavissimus S. Lee) by Alcohol Precipitation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Purification of a Water Extract of Chinese Sweet Tea Plant (Rubus suavissimus S. Lee) by Alcohol Precipitation ... To purify this water extract for potential elevated bioactivity, an alcohol precipitation (AP) consisting of gradient regimens was applied, and its resultants were examined through colorimetric and HPLC analyses. ... Prior to performing alcohol precipitation of the aqueous extract samples, various extract-to-water ratios ranging from 1:4 w/v to 1:8 w/v were tested to determine the amount of precipitant (thus the reciprocal amount of the purified extract) caused by extract solubility itself. ...

Gar Yee Koh; Guixin Chou; Zhijun Liu

2009-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

274

Consumption, possession or purchase of alcoholic beverages by any person less than twenty-one (21) years of age. Distribution of alcoholic beverages to anyone less than twenty-one (21) years of age.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Rule #1 Consumption, possession or purchase of alcoholic beverages by any person less than twenty from the Office of Student Conduct. #12;2 Rule #1 (continued) Consumption, possession or purchase

Suzuki, Masatsugu

275

MARMOT Enhanced | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

MARMOT Enhanced MARMOT Enhanced MARMOT Enhanced January 29, 2013 - 10:23am Addthis Lower-length-scale Model Development To develop mechanistic models for fuel thermal conductivity, the Fuel team used supercells up to 55 nm long to determine the thermal conductivity of UO2 with Xe incorporated. Atomistic simulations were used to determine thermal resistance values for four different types of grain boundaries, and these values have been used in meso-scale simulations of heat transport through representative fuel microstructures. [LANL] Density functional theory techniques, previously applied to diffusion of Xe in UO2, have now been extended to Kr. Thus, both major gaseous fission products are now included in the simulations, which have identified the transport mechanism as being vacancy mediated. Activation energies have

276

BISON Enhanced | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

BISON Enhanced BISON Enhanced BISON Enhanced January 29, 2013 - 10:42am Addthis Pin-scale Code Development A mechanistic, smeared fuel cracking model for UO2 has been implemented in BISON and tested with simulations of IFA-432 Rod 1, an experiment conducted in the Halden reactor. ("Smeared" refers to the fact that cracks are represented in aggregate, rather than as discrete, individual cracks.) Failure to account for fuel cracking can result in temperature predictions that are off by as much as 200°C at beginning-of-life. Excellent agreement between prediction and measurement is obtained when an empirical correlation for fuel relocation is used (as in the NRC's FRAPCON), which was expected, since the empirical correlation was fit to data that included this experiment; this result is important, however, in

277

BISON Enhanced | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Enhanced Enhanced BISON Enhanced January 29, 2013 - 10:42am Addthis Pin-scale Code Development A mechanistic, smeared fuel cracking model for UO2 has been implemented in BISON and tested with simulations of IFA-432 Rod 1, an experiment conducted in the Halden reactor. ("Smeared" refers to the fact that cracks are represented in aggregate, rather than as discrete, individual cracks.) Failure to account for fuel cracking can result in temperature predictions that are off by as much as 200°C at beginning-of-life. Excellent agreement between prediction and measurement is obtained when an empirical correlation for fuel relocation is used (as in the NRC's FRAPCON), which was expected, since the empirical correlation was fit to data that included this experiment; this result is important, however, in

278

Biological enhancement of hydrocarbon extraction  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of microbial enhanced oil recovery for recovering oil from an oil-bearing rock formation is provided. The methodology uses a consortium of bacteria including a mixture of surfactant producing bacteria and non-surfactant enzyme producing bacteria which may release hydrocarbons from bitumen containing sands. The described bioprocess can work with existing petroleum recovery protocols. The consortium microorganisms are also useful for treatment of above oil sands, ground waste tailings, subsurface oil recovery, and similar materials to enhance remediation and/or recovery of additional hydrocarbons from the materials.

Brigmon, Robin L. (North Augusta, SC); Berry, Christopher J. (Aiken, SC)

2009-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

279

Induced seismicity associated with enhanced geothermal system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

observed during hydraulic fracturing experiments at themay be enhanced by hydraulic fracturing, high-rate water

Majer, Ernest L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

What does it mean to be enhanced?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, I attempt to question the very idea of "enhancement" itself. Given the tool-using nature of human beings, does the idea of enhancement have any critical traction, when it could be argued that all tool use is an attempt to enhance experience? ... Keywords: artefacts, enhancement, recursion, transhumanism

Ryan Wittingslow

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alcohol enhancement cxs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Use of amine oxide surfactants for chemical flooding EOR (enhanced oil recovery)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of amine oxides with and without alcohols as cosolvents, and in combination with other surfactants as mixed micellar formulations for enhanced oil recovery by surfactant flooding was investigated. Amine oxides are a salt-tolerant class of surfactants that produce low interfacial tension and can develop viscosity without the addition of polymers. These salt-tolerant formulations generate three-phase regions with hydrocarbons over a broad salinity range, develop moderate solubilization, and produce low interfacial tensions, however oil recovery from amine oxide-alcohol phase behavior optimized formulations was directly dependent upon the quantity of surfactant injected. The large pore volume and high concentration of surfactant required prohibits their economic use as the primary surfactant in chemical flooding EOR. Dimethylalkylamine oxides are useful as cosurfactants and viscosifiers in formulations with other surfactants for chemical flooding EOR but the use of ethoxylated and propoxylated amine oxides should be avoided due to the decomposition of these amine oxides under reservoir conditions. Phase behavior, phase inversion temperatures, and viscosity scans have been correlated with surfactant structures to provide a guide for amine oxide applications in chemical flooding. 36 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.

Olsen, D.K.

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

The Last Step of Syringyl Monolignol Biosynthesis in Angiosperms Is Regulated by a Novel Gene Encoding Sinapyl Alcohol Dehydrogenase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...article. This work was supported by the Energy Biosciences Program, United States Department of Energy, and a Michigan Technological University...accumulation of cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase from Norway spruce (Picea abies). Plant Mol. Biol...

Laigeng Li; Xiao Fei Cheng; Jacqueline Leshkevich; Toshiaki Umezawa; Scott A. Harding; Vincent L. Chiang

283

Fabrication of ultrafine carbon fibers possessing a nanoporous structure from electrospun polyvinyl alcohol fibers containing silica nanoparticles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ultrafine carbon fibers with a nanoporous structure were fabricated by the template method using silica nanoparticles (NPs) embedded in fibers of approximate diameter 500 nm, electrospun from an aqueous solution of polyvinyl alcohol, CoCl2, ...

Koichi Sawada, Shinji Sakai, Masahito Taya

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Size distribution of associated clusters in liquid alcohols: Interpretation of simulation results in the frame of SAFT approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the frame of SAFT approach Ji� Janecek and Patrice Paricaud Citation: J. Chem. Phys. 139, 174502 (2013); doi in liquid alcohols: Interpretation of simulation results in the frame of SAFT approach Jir� Janecek1,2,a

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

285

Thermochemical Ethanol via Direct Gasification and Mixed Alcohol Synthesis of Lignocellulosic Biomass  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Thermochemical Ethanol via Thermochemical Ethanol via Direct Gasification and Mixed Alcohol Synthesis of Lignocellulosic Biomass A. Dutta and S.D. Phillips Technical Report NREL/TP-510-45913 July 2009 Technical Report Thermochemical Ethanol via NREL/TP-510-45913 Direct Gasification and Mixed July 2009 Alcohol Synthesis of Lignocellulosic Biomass A. Dutta and S.D. Phillips Prepared under Task No. BB07.3710 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

286

Hybridization of sugar alcohols into brucite interlayers via a melt intercalation process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the preparation of organic-brucite (BR) hybrids using harmless sugar alcohols (xylitol, XYL, and sorbitol, SOR). Since XYL and SOR are solid materials at room temperature, the hybridization was investigated by comparing two separate methods, hydrothermal treatment and melt mixing. BR-sugar alcohol hybrids were successfully prepared by a melt intercalation method at 175 °C. X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analyses indicated that organic molecules were intercalated into the brucite layers, overcoming the barrier of hydroxyl bonds between the BR layers. Moreover, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and thermal analyses showed that the intercalated materials at 175 °C resulted in the formation of covalent Mg–O–C bond linkages on the interlayer surface of BR.

Kazuya Morimoto; Kenji Tamura; Tamao Hatta; Seiko Nemoto; Takuya Echigo; Jinhua Ye; Hirohisa Yamada

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Roles of Drinking Pattern and Type of Alcohol Consumed in Coronary Heart Disease in Men  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...smoking status; quintiles of body-mass index (the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters); use or nonuse of aspirin; physical exertion (in five categories); presence or absence of hypertension, diabetes, and a parental history of premature myocardial infarction; energy intake... It is widely accepted that moderate alcohol consumption protects against coronary heart disease. This large study in men adds new information by assessing the roles of the drinking pattern and the type of beverage consumed. Men who drank alcohol at least three to four times per week had a reduced risk of myocardial infarction. The association was strongest with beer and liquor, the predominant types of beverage consumed by this population.

Mukamal K.J.; Conigrave K.M.; Mittleman M.A.

2003-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

288

Bonding, vibrational, and electrical characteristics of CdS nanostructures embedded in polyvinyl alcohol matrix  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CdS nanocomposites have been grown in polyvinyl alcohol matrix by a chemical synthesis process. The transmission electron micrographs of nanocomposites synthesized at 70-90 deg. C temperature showed the growth of needlelike and junctionlike nanostructures. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis revealed the growth of stoichiometric CdS without the formation of any intermediate phases at the CdS-polyvinyl alcohol interface. Raman spectra of first order longitudinal optical phonon peak has been analyzed using phonon dispersion model to detect the surface phonon modes in CdS nanoneedles and wires. The origin of negative differential resistance behavior in current-voltage characteristics for junctionlike CdS nanocomposites has been discussed.

Mondal, S. P.; Dhar, A.; Ray, S. K. [Department of Physics and Meteorology, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur-721 302 (India); Chakraborty, A. K. [Laboratory for Mechanical Systems Engineering EMPA, Duebendorf, Zurich, CH-8600 (Switzerland)

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

289

Mechanisms of alcohol-induced neuroteratology: an examination of the roles of fetal cerebral blood flow and hypoxia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

al., 1994). However, experiments in rats (which are typically more genetically homogenous) have indirectly supported these findings. Studies of optic nerve development and myelination during developmental alcohol exposure have shown hypoplasia.... Excitotoxicity has been indirectly demonstrated after acute alcohol exposure in early postnatal rats through inhibition of N- methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors (Thomas et al., 1997, 2001). This inhibition of excitotoxicity led to reductions in the behavioral...

Parnell, Scott Edward

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

290

Homogeneous nucleation rates of higher n -alcohols measured in a laminar flow diffusion chamber  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nucleation rate isotherms of n-butanol n-pentanol n-hexanol n-heptanol and n-octanol were measured in a laminar flowdiffusion chamber using helium as carrier gas. The measurements were made at 250–310 K corresponding to reduced temperatures of 0.43–0.50 and at atmospheric pressure. Experimental nucleation rate range was from 10 3 to 10 7 ? cm ?3 ? s ?1 . The expression and accuracy of thermodynamic parameters in particular equilibrium vapor pressure were found to have a significant effect on calculated nucleation rates. The results were compared to the classical nucleation theory (CNT) the self-consistency corrected classical theory (SCC) and the Hale’s scaled model of the CNT. The average ratio between the experimental and theoretical nucleation rates for all alcohols used was 1.5×10 3 when the CNT was used and 0.2×10 ?1 when the SCC was used and 0.7×10 ?1 when the Hale’s scaled theory was used. The average values represent all the alcohols used at the same reduced temperatures. The average ratio was about the same throughout the temperature range although J exp /J the calculated with the Hale’s scaled theory increased slightly with increasing temperature. The saturation ratio dependency was predicted closest to experiment with the classical nucleation theory. The nucleation rates were compared to those found in the literature. The measurements were in reasonable agreement with each other. The molecular content of critical alcohol clusters was between 35 and 80 molecules. At a fixed reduced temperature the number of molecules in a critical cluster decreased as a function of alcohol carbon chain length. The number of molecules in critical clusters was compared to those predicted by the Kelvin equation. The theory predicted the critical cluster sizes well.

Antti-Pekka Hyvärinen; Heikki Lihavainen; Yrjö Viisanen; Markku Kulmala

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

An evaluation of pocket-model, numerical readout breath alcohol testing instruments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Beth Tessandori and Dr. Jerry Elledge. My appreciation is also extended to those who helped me corral and monitor the participants, including Donna Adler, Romona Clark, Jodi Luecke and Christie Dickson. Most of all, I thank the good Lord, who... also provide a digital readout of BrAC, either two or three digits to the right of the decimal. Passive alcohol sensors (PASs) surreptitiously collect normally exhaled breath from drivers during an interaction with law enforcement personnel...

Van Tassel, William Edward

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

292

Maternal adrenocorticotropin, cortisol and thyroid hormone responses to chronic binge alcohol exposure throughout gestation: ovine model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-axis and thyroid gland to intermittent exposure to different concentrations of alcohol throughout pregnancy as potential indicators of abnormal fetal concentrations of these hormones possibly contributing to ARBD... throughout the worldalthough certain populations seem be more affected than others (Riley and McGee, 2005). There is an ongoing need to educate women about the potential risks associated with drinking during pregnancy, but it is also clear that more...

Tress, Ursula

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

Nuclear magnetic resonance measurements reveal the origin of the Debye process in monohydroxy alcohols  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monohydroxy alcohols show a structural relaxation and at longer time scales a Debye-type dielectric peak. From spin-lattice relaxation experiments using different nuclear probes an intermediate, slower-than-structural dynamics is identified for n-butanol. Based on these findings and on diffusion measurements, a model of self-restructuring, transient chains is proposed. The model is demonstrated to explain consistently the so far puzzling observations made for this class of hydrogen-bonded glass forming liquids.

C. Gainaru; R. Meier; S. Schildmann; C. Lederle; W. Hiller; E. A. Rössler; R. Böhmer

2010-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

294

Modifications in the correlation function in poly(vinyl alcohol)/silica hybrid wet gels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Small-angle X-ray scattering was used to study modifications in the correlation function in tetraethoxysilane-derived poly(vinyl alcohol)/silica hybrids. An additional scattering at low q was found to overlap the fundamental mass-fractal scattering from the basic silica. The fraction of both contributions to the total correlation function was estimated; this is the first time that such a study has been carried out for mass-fractal structures.

Vollet, D.R.

2008-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

295

Neutron-reflectometry study of alcohol adsorption on various DLC coatings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings are notable for their excellent tribological properties. Our understanding of the lubrication of DLC coatings has improved drastically over the past decade. However, only a few details are known about the properties of the adsorbed layers on DLC, which crucially affect their tribological properties under lubricated conditions. In this work we used neutron reflectometry to determine the thickness and the density of adsorbed layers of alcohol molecules on several different types of DLC coatings, i.e., non-hydrogenated (a-C) and hydrogenated, of which both non-doped (a-C:H) and doped (a-C:H:F and a-C:H:Si) coatings were used. The results showed that a 0.9-nm-thick and relatively dense (?45%) layer of alcohol adsorbed on the a-C coating. In contrast, no adsorption layer was found on the a-C:H, confirming the important role of hydrogen, which predominantly acts as a dangling-bond passivation source and affects the reactivity and tribochemistry of DLC coatings. The incorporation of F into a DLC coating also did not cause an increase in the adsorption ability with respect to alcohol molecules. On the contrary, the incorporation of Si increased the reactivity of the DLC coating so that a 1.3-nm-thick alcohol layer with a 35% bulk density was detected on the surface. We also discuss the very good agreement of the current results with the surface energy of selected coatings found in these experiments.

M. Kalin; R. Simi?; T. Hirayama; T. Geue; P. Korelis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Correlation between speciated hydrocarbon emissions and flame ionization detector response for gasoline/alcohol blends .  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. renewable fuel standard has made it a requirement to increase the production of ethanol and advanced biofuels to 36 billion by 2022. Ethanol will be capped at 15 billion, which leaves 21 billion to come from other sources such as butanol. Butanol has a higher energy density and lower affinity for water than ethanol. Moreover, alcohol fueled engines in general have been shown to positively affect engine-out emissions of oxides of nitrogen and carbon monoxide compared with their gasoline fueled counterparts. In light of these developments, the variety and blend levels of oxygenated constituents is likely to increase in the foreseeable future. The effect on engine-out emissions for total hydrocarbons is less clear due to the relative insensitivity of the flame ionization detector (FID) toward alcohols and aldehydes. It is well documented that hydrocarbon (HC) measurement using a conventional FID in the presence of oxygenates in the engine exhaust stream can lead to a misinterpretation of HC emissions trends for alcohol fuel blends. Characterization of the exhaust stream for all expected hydrocarbon constituents is required to accurately determine the actual concentration of unburned fuel components in the exhaust. In addition to a conventional exhaust emissions bench, this characterization requires supplementary instrumentation capable of hydrocarbon speciation and response factor independent quantification. Although required for certification testing, this sort of instrumentation is not yet widely available in engine development facilities. Therefore, an attempt is made to empirically determine FID correction factors for oxygenate fuels. Exhaust emissions of an engine fueled with several blends of gasoline and ethanol, n-butanol and iso-Butanol were characterized using both a conventional FID and a Fourier transform infrared. Based on these results, a response factor predicting the actual hydrocarbon emissions based solely on FID results as a function of alcohol type and content is presented. Finally, the correlation derived from data presented in this study is compared with equations and results found in the literature.

Wallner, T. (Energy Systems)

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Solubility of Sugars and Sugar Alcohols in Ionic Liquids: Measurement and PC-SAFT Modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solubility of Sugars and Sugar Alcohols in Ionic Liquids: Measurement and PC-SAFT Modeling ... The measured data as well as previously published solubility data of glucose and fructose in these ILs were modeled by means of PC-SAFT using a molecular-based associative approach for ILs. ... PC-SAFT was used in this work as it has shown to be applicable to model the solubility of xylitol and sorbitol in ILs (Paduszy?ski; et al. ...

Aristides P. Carneiro; Christoph Held; Oscar Rodríguez; Gabriele Sadowski; Eugénia A. Macedo

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

298

Enhanced liquid hydrocarbon recovery process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a process for recovering liquid hydrocarbons. It comprises: injecting into a fractured subterranean formation a polymer enhanced foam comprising a polymer selected from a synthetic polymer or a biopolymer, a surfactant, an aqueous solvent and a gas, recovering liquid hydrocarbons from the formation.

Sydansk, R.D.

1992-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

299

Quantum–enhanced information processing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...conventional (classical) computing device. We will show how quantum...life. Anyone who has enjoyed listening to music on a CD, watching...quantum computer is any physical device that exploits the greatly enhanced...on any conceivable computing device. Multi- plying numbers or...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

FRACTURE STIMULATION IN ENHANCED GEOTHERMAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FRACTURE STIMULATION IN ENHANCED GEOTHERMAL SYSTEMS A REPORT SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY of stimulation is induced shear on preexisting fractures, which increases their transmissibility by orders of magnitude. The processes that create fractured rock are discussed from the perspective of geology and rock

Stanford University

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alcohol enhancement cxs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

E-learning? Technology enhanced  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9/15/2010 1 E-learning? Technology enhanced teaching and learning in symbol-based disciplines? Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia 2 #12;9/15/2010 2 An Example: Make t the subject 2 3 Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia 3 HMS111 An Example: Make t the subject 2

Loch, Birgit

302

January 2009 Peer Review Enhancements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

January 2009 Peer Review Enhancements: Info for Reviewers At-A-Glance Changes for NIH Fiscal Year 2010 The NIH is implementing a number of changes to the peer review process, beginning reviewers prepare for the next round of peer review meetings (~May/June 2009). More specific information

Bandettini, Peter A.

303

Reflectivematerials enhance `Fuji'apple  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reflectivematerials enhance `Fuji'apple color Harry Andris o Carlos H. Crisosto Red color developmentis an important factor for consumer acceptance of California 'Fuji' apples. Several attempts to im not affect fla- vor, it is an important factor for con- sumer acceptance of apples. Cyanidin is the immediate

Crisosto, Carlos H.

304

Adsorption and Reaction of C(1)-C(3) Alcohols over CeO(x)(111) Thin Films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study reports the interaction of methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, and 2-propanol with well-ordered CeO{sub 2}(111) thin film surfaces. All of the alcohols adsorb at low temperature by forming alkoxy and hydroxyl species on the surface. On fully oxidized CeO{sub 2}(111), recombination occurs between some of the alkoxys and hydroxyls, resulting in alcohol desorption near 220 K. At the same temperature, some of the surface hydroxyls disproportionate to produce water and the loss of lattice O. The remaining alkoxys react above 550 K. The primary alcohols favor dehydrogenation products (aldehydes). There is a net loss of O from the system, resulting in a reduction of the ceria. The secondary alcohol, 2-propanol, undergoes primarily dehydration, producing propene with no net change in the cerium oxidation state. Reduced CeO{sub X}(111) competes with the gaseous products for available O. Little or no water is produced. The reaction selectivity for the C{sub 2} and C{sub 3} alcohols shifts toward favoring dehydration products. The loss of O from the alcohols leads to oxidation of the reduced ceria. Compared with the oxidized surface, the alkene desorption shifts to lower temperature, whereas the aldehyde desorption shifts to higher temperature. This indicates that, on the reduced surface, it is easier to break the C-O bond but more difficult to break the O-substrate bond.

Mullins, David R [ORNL; Senanayake, Sanjaya D [ORNL; Chen, Tsung-Liang [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Oxidation, Reduction, and Condensation of Alcohols over (MO3)3 (M=Mo, W) Nanoclusters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The reactions of deuterated methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, 1-butanol, 2-propanol, 2-butanol and t-butanol over cyclic (MO3)3 (M = Mo, W) clusters were studied experimentally with temperature programmed desorption (TPD) and theoretically with coupled cluster CCSD(T) theory and density functional theory. The reactions of two alcohols per M3O9 cluster are required to provide agreement with experiment for D2O release, dehydrogenation and dehydration. The reaction begins with the elimination of water by proton transfers and forms an intermediate dialkoxy species which can undergo further reaction. Dehydration proceeds by a ? hydrogen transfer to a terminal M=O. Dehydrogenation takes place via an ? hydrogen transfer to an adjacent MoVI = O atom or a WVI metal center with redox involved for M = Mo and no redox for M = W. The two channels have comparable activation energies. H/D exchange to produce alcohols can take place after olefin is released or via the dialkoxy species depending on the alcohol and the cluster. The Lewis acidity of the metal center with WVI being larger than MoVI results in the increased reactivity of W3O9 over Mo3O9 for dehydrogenation and dehydration.

Fang, Zongtang; Li, Zhenjun; Kelley, Matthew S.; Kay, Bruce D.; Li, Shenggang; Hennigan, Jamie M.; Rousseau, Roger J.; Dohnalek, Zdenek; Dixon, David A.

2014-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

306

Activation of farnesoid X receptor attenuates hepatic injury in a murine model of alcoholic liver disease  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: •FXR activity was impaired by chronic ethanol ingestion in a murine model of ALD. •Activation of FXR attenuated alcohol-induced liver injury and steatosis. •Activation of FXR attenuated cholestasis and oxidative stress in mouse liver. -- Abstract: Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a common cause of advanced liver disease, and considered as a major risk factor of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Hepatic cholestasis is a pathophysiological feature observed in all stages of ALD. The farnesoid X receptor (FXR) is a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily, and plays an essential role in the regulation of bile acid, lipid and glucose homeostasis. However, the role of FXR in the pathogenesis and progression of ALD remains largely unknown. Mice were fed Lieber-DeCarli ethanol diet or an isocaloric control diet. We used a specific agonist of FXR WAY-362450 to study the effect of pharmacological activation of FXR in alcoholic liver disease. In this study, we demonstrated that FXR activity was impaired by chronic ethanol ingestion in a murine model of ALD. Activation of FXR by specific agonist WAY-362450 protected mice from the development of ALD. We also found that WAY-362450 treatment rescued FXR activity, suppressed ethanol-induced Cyp2e1 up-regulation and attenuated oxidative stress in liver. Our results highlight a key role of FXR in the modulation of ALD development, and propose specific FXR agonists for the treatment of ALD patients.

Wu, Weibin [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China) [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China); Institutes of Biomedical Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China); Zhu, Bo; Peng, Xiaomin [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China); Zhou, Meiling, E-mail: meilingzhou2012@gmail.com [Department of Radiology, Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University and Shanghai Institute of Medical Imaging, Shanghai 200032 (China)] [Department of Radiology, Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University and Shanghai Institute of Medical Imaging, Shanghai 200032 (China); Jia, Dongwei, E-mail: jiadongwei@fudan.edu.cn [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China); Gu, Jianxin [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China) [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China); Institutes of Biomedical Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China)

2014-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

307

The Hispanic Americans Baseline Alcohol Survey (HABLAS): Rates and predictors of DUI across Hispanic national groups  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper examines rates of self-reported driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol and 12-month and lifetime DUI arrest rates among Mexican Americans, Puerto Ricans, Cuban Americans and South/Central Americans in the U.S. population. Using a multistage cluster sample design, a total of 5224 individuals 18 years of age and older were selected from the household population in five metropolitan areas of the U.S.: Miami, New York, Philadelphia, Houston and Los Angeles. The survey weighted response rate was 76%. Among men, 21% of Mexican Americans, 19.9% of South/Central Americans, 11.6% of Puerto Ricans and 6.9% of Cuban Americans reported DUI. Rates were lower among women, ranging from 9.7% for Mexican Americans to 1.3% for Cuban Americans. Mexican American men had the highest 12-month arrest rate (1.6%) and the highest lifetime arrest rate (11.2%). Drinkers who reported DUI were heavier drinkers than those not reporting DUI according to a variety of indicators. However, most DUI incidents involved non-alcohol-dependent drivers. Mexican Americans and South Central/Americans, men, younger drivers, those with less than high school education, those with higher income and higher alcohol consumption were more likely to report DUI and DUI arrests. These findings show that Hispanic national groups in the U.S. are diverse regarding drinking and DUI-related experiences.

Raul Caetano; Suhasini Ramisetty-Mikler; Lori A. Rodriguez

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Surface plasmon enhanced third-order optical nonlinearity of Ag nanocomposite film  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We obtain a large third-order optical nonlinearity (?{sup (3)}???10{sup ?10}esu) of silver nanoparticles dispersed in polyvinyl alcohol/tetraethyl orthosilicate matrix using single beam z-scan technique at 532?nm by Q-switched Nd:YAG laser. We have shown that mechanisms responsible for third-order optical nonlinearity of Ag nanocomposite film are reverse saturable absorption (RSA) and self-defocusing in the purlieu of surface plasmon resonance (SPR). Optical band-gap and width of SPR band of Ag nanocomposite film decrease with increasing silver concentration, which leads to enhancement of local electric field and hence third-order optical nonlinearity. Optical limiting, due to RSA has also been demonstrated at 532?nm.

Singh, Vijender [Department of Applied Science, N.C. College of Engineering, Israna, Panipat 132107, Haryana (India); Aghamkar, Praveen, E-mail: p-aghamkar@yahoo.in [Department of Physics, Chaudhary Devi Lal University, Sirsa 125055, Haryana (India)

2014-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

309

Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) Geothermal Technologies There are many types of Geothermal Technologies that take advantage of the earth's heat: Hydrothermal Systems Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) Sedimentary Geothermal Systems Co-Produced Geothermal Systems Geothermal Direct Use Ground Source Heat Pumps EGS Links Related documents and websites DOE EGS Technical Roadmap DOE EGS Systems Demonstration Projects How EGS Works (Animation) EGS Development (Animation) EGS Schematic.jpg ] Dictionary.png Enhanced Geothermal Systems: Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) are human engineered hydrothermal reservoirs developed for commercial use as an alternative to naturally

310

Outlook for enhanced oil recovery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reviews the potential for enhanced oil recovery, the evolutionary nature of the recovery processes being applied in oilfields today, key parameters that describe the technology state-of-the-art for each of the major oil recovery processes, and the nature and key outputs from the current Department of Energy research program on enhanced oil recovery. From this overview, it will be seen that the DOE program is focused on the analysis of ongoing tests and on long-range, basic research to support a more thorough understanding of process performance. Data from the program will be made available through reports, symposia, and on-line computer access; the outputs are designed to allow an independent producer to evaluate his own project as an effort to transfer rapidly the technology now being developed.

Johnson, H.R.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Vibration-enhanced quantum transport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we study the role of collective vibrational motion in the phenomenon of electronic energy transfer (EET) along a chain of coupled electronic dipoles with varying excitation frequencies. Previous experimental work on EET in conjugated polymer samples has suggested that the common structural framework of the macromolecule introduces correlations in the energy gap fluctuations which cause coherent EET. Inspired by these results, we present a simple model in which a driven nanomechanical resonator mode modulates the excitation energy of coupled quantum dots and find that this can indeed lead to an enhancement in the transport of excitations across the quantum network. Disorder of the on-site energies is a key requirement for this to occur. We also show that in this solid state system phase information is partially retained in the transfer process, as experimentally demonstrated in conjugated polymer samples. Consequently, this mechanism of vibration enhanced quantum transport might find applications in quantum information transfer of qubit states or entanglement.

F. L. Semião; K. Furuya; G. J. Milburn

2009-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

312

Method for enhanced oil recovery  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is directed to an improved method for enhanced recovery of oil from relatively "cold" reservoirs by carbon dioxide flooding. In oil reservoirs at a temperature less than the critical temperature of 87.7.degree. F. and at a pore pressure greater than the saturation pressure of carbon dioxide at the temperature of the reservoir, the carbon dioxide remains in the liquid state which does not satisfactorily mix with the oil. However, applicants have found that carbon dioxide can be vaporized in situ in the reservoir by selectively reducing the pore pressure in the reservoir to a value less than the particular saturated vapor pressure so as to greatly enhance the mixing of the carbon dioxide with the oil.

Comberiati, Joseph R. (Morgantown, WV); Locke, Charles D. (Morgantown, WV); Kamath, Krishna I. (Chicago, IL)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Photodetector with enhanced light absorption  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photodetector including a light transmissive electrically conducting layer having a textured surface with a semiconductor body thereon. This layer traps incident light thereby enhancing the absorption of light by the semiconductor body. A photodetector comprising a textured light transmissive electrically conducting layer of SnO.sub.2 and a body of hydrogenated amorphous silicon has a conversion efficiency about fifty percent greater than that of comparative cells. The invention also includes a method of fabricating the photodetector of the invention.

Kane, James (Lawrenceville, NJ)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Chemical enhancement of surface deposition  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for increasing the deposition of ions onto a surface, such as the adsorption of uranium ions on the detecting surface of a radionuclide detector. The method includes the step of exposing the surface to a complexing agent, such as a phosphate ion solution, which has an affinity for the dissolved species to be deposited on the surface. This provides, for example, enhanced sensitivity of the radionuclide detector.

Patch, Keith D. (Lexington, MA); Morgan, Dean T. (Sudbury, MA)

1997-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

315

Chemical enhancement of surface deposition  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are disclosed for increasing the deposition of ions onto a surface, such as the adsorption of uranium ions on the detecting surface of a radionuclide detector. The method includes the step of exposing the surface to a complexing agent, such as a phosphate ion solution, which has an affinity for the dissolved species to be deposited on the surface. This provides, for example, enhanced sensitivity of the radionuclide detector. 16 figs.

Patch, K.D.; Morgan, D.T.

1997-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

316

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

11 - 15120 of 26,764 results. 11 - 15120 of 26,764 results. Download CX-007013: Categorical Exclusion Determination High Compression Ratio Turbocharged Gasoline Engine Operation Using Alcohol Enhancement CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6, B5.1 Date: 09/21/2011 Location(s): Columbus, Indiana Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Savannah River Operations Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-007013-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-007014: Categorical Exclusion Determination A Permeable Active Amendment Concrete (PAAC) for Contaminant Remediation and Erosion Control CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 09/09/2011 Location(s): Aiken, South Carolina Office(s): Environmental Management, National Energy Technology Laboratory http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-007014-categorical-exclusion-determination

317

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

81 - 10390 of 29,416 results. 81 - 10390 of 29,416 results. Download CX-007013: Categorical Exclusion Determination High Compression Ratio Turbocharged Gasoline Engine Operation Using Alcohol Enhancement CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6, B5.1 Date: 09/21/2011 Location(s): Columbus, Indiana Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Savannah River Operations Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-007013-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-007015: Categorical Exclusion Determination High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 09/22/2011 Location(s): Hayward, California Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-007015-categorical-exclusion-determination

318

Cold-Start Performance and Emissions Behavior of Alcohol Fuels in an SIDI Engine Using Transient Hardware-In-Loop Test Meth  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Discusses results of cold- and hot-start transient tests using gasoline and 3 alcohol-gasoline blends (50% and 85% ethanol, and 83% iso-butanol)

319

Ozone treatment of biomass to enhance digestibility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is very resistant to enzymatic degradation. Lignocellulosic materials require pretreatment to enhance their digestibility. The main objective of this research was to further enhance the digestibility of biomass (bagasse) with ozonation as a follow...

Almendarez, Maria Elena

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Spontaneous Emission Rate Enhancement Using Optical Antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of  Spontaneous  Emission  in  a  Semiconductor  nanoLED,”  emission  rate  enhancement  using  the  Fluorescent  Emission  by  Lattice   Resonances  in  

Kumar, Nikhil

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alcohol enhancement cxs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Seismic Fracture Characterization Methods for Enhanced Geothermal...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Seismic Fracture Characterization Methods for Enhanced Geothermal Systems; 2010 Geothermal Technology Program Peer Review Report Seismic Fracture Characterization Methods for...

322

Moral responsibility and IT for human enhancement.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

What can be said against a moral obligation to use IT for enhancement purposes? Some have argued - and it is very well conceivable that this is an increasingly common conception - that we may have a moral obligation to use IT for enhancing human bodies ... Keywords: computer ethics, enhancement, epistemic dependence, epistemic paternalism, moral deskilling, moral responsibility

Noëmi Manders-Huits

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

The effects of acute alcohol exposure on the response properties of neurons in visual cortex area 17 of cats  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Physiological and behavioral studies have demonstrated that a number of visual functions such as visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and motion perception can be impaired by acute alcohol exposure. The orientation- and direction-selective responses of cells in primary visual cortex are thought to participate in the perception of form and motion. To investigate how orientation selectivity and direction selectivity of neurons are influenced by acute alcohol exposure in vivo, we used the extracellular single-unit recording technique to examine the response properties of neurons in primary visual cortex (A17) of adult cats. We found that alcohol reduces spontaneous activity, visual evoked unit responses, the signal-to-noise ratio, and orientation selectivity of A17 cells. In addition, small but detectable changes in both the preferred orientation/direction and the bandwidth of the orientation tuning curve of strongly orientation-biased A17 cells were observed after acute alcohol administration. Our findings may provide physiological evidence for some alcohol-related deficits in visual function observed in behavioral studies.

Chen Bo [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and School of Life Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230027 (China); State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100101 (China); Xia Jing; Li Guangxing [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and School of Life Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230027 (China); Zhou Yifeng, E-mail: zhouy@ustc.edu.c [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and School of Life Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230027 (China); State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100101 (China)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

324

Role of alkyl alcohol on viscosity of silica-based chemical gels for decontamination of highly radioactive nuclear facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Silica-based chemical gel for the decontamination of nuclear facilities was prepared by using fumed silica as a viscosifier, a 0.5 M Ce (IV) solution dissolved in concentrated nitric acid as a chemical decontamination agent, and tripropylene glycol butyl ether (TPGBE) as a co-viscosifier. A new effective strategy for the preparation of the chemical gel was investigated by introducing the alkyl alcohols as organic solvents to effectively dissolve the co-viscosifier. The mixture solution of the co-viscosifier and alkyl alcohols was more effective in the control of viscosity than that of the co-viscosifier only in gel. Here, the alkyl alcohols played a key role as an effective dissolution solvent for the co-viscosifier in the preparation of the chemical gel, resulting in a reducing of the amount of the co-viscosifier and gel time compared with that of the chemical gel prepared without the alkyl alcohols. It was considered that the alkyl alcohols contributed to the effective dissolution of the co-viscosifier as well as the homogeneous mixing in the formation of the gel, while the co-viscosifier in an aqueous media of the chemical decontamination agent solution showed a lower solubility. The decontamination efficiency of the chemical gels prepared in this work using a multi-channel analyzer (MCA) showed a high decontamination efficiency of over ca. 94% and ca. 92% for Co-60 and Cs-137 contaminated on surface of the stainless steel 304, respectively. (authors)

Choi, B. S.; Yoon, S. B.; Jung, C. H.; Lee, K. W.; Moon, J. K. [Div. of Decontamination and Decommissioning Technology Development, Korea Atomic Energy Research Inst., Daedeok-daero 989-111, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Vehicle-emission characteristics using mechanically emulsified alcohol/diesel fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A light-duty diesel vehicle fueled with an emulsified alcohol/diesel fuel was operated under cyclic mode. Emission and fuel economy measurements were taken during vehicle operation. The test results showed the volumetric fuel economy decreased slightly. Carbon monoxide emissions increased slightly, and oxides of nitrogen showed no significant change. Particulate emissions were reduced slightly, and the particulate extractables increased slightly. The environmental effect of these data cancel each other resulting in no significant changes in the total release of biological activity into the environment.

Allsup, J.R.; Seizinger, D.E.; Cox, F.W.; Brook, A.L.; McClellan, R.O.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Hydrogen-bond equilibria and life times in a supercooled monohydroxy alcohol  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dielectric loss spectra covering 13 decades in frequency were collected for 2-ethyl-1-hexanol, a monohydroxy alcohol that exhibits a prominent Debye-like relaxation, typical for several classes of hydrogen-bonded liquids. The thermal variation of the dielectric absorption amplitude agrees well with that of the hydrogen-bond equilibrium population, experimentally mapped out using near infrared (NIR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements. Despite this agreement, temperature-jump NIR spectroscopy reveals that the hydrogen-bond switching rate does not define the frequency position of the prominent absorption peak. This contrasts with widespread notions and models based thereon, but is consistent with a recent approach.

C. Gainaru; S. Kastner; F. Mayr; P. Lunkenheimer; S. Schildmann; H. J. Weber; W. Hiller; A. Loidl; R. Böhmer

2011-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

327

Isobaric vapor-liquid equilibria in the system methyl propanoate + n-butyl alcohol  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Isobaric vapor-liquid equilibria were determined at 74.66, 101.32, and 127.99 kPa for binary mixtures containing methyl propanoate + n-butyl alcohol by using a dynamic still with vapor and liquid circulation. No azeotrope was detected. The data were found to be thermodynamically consistent according to the point to point test. Application of the group-contribution models ASOG, UNIFAC, and modified UNIFAC to the activity coefficients at the three pressures studied gives average errors of less than 10%, 11%, and 3%, respectively.

Susial, P.; Ortega, J. (Univ. de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Canary Islands (Spain). Lab. de Termodinamica y Fisicoquimica)

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Enhanced migration of seismic data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The so-called enhanced migration which uses diffraction tomography as the repair tool for correction of amplitudes (reflection coefficients) of migrated sections is discussed. As with any linearized procedure, diffraction tomography requires knowledge of the initial model. It is suggested that the initial model is taken as the migrated image. It will be demonstrated that diffraction tomography applied to the data residuals improves the amplitudes of the migrated images. Migration is redefined as the reconstruction of the wavefront sets of distributions (reflection interfaces), and the inversion process as tomographic correction of migrated images.

Carrion, P.M. (PPPG/UFBA, Instituto de Geociencias, Rua Gaetano Moura 123, Federacao, 40.210 Salvador, Bahia (BR))

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Synthesis and Properties of Biodegradable Poly(vinyl alcohol)/Organo-nanoclay Bionanocomposites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biodegradable nanocomposites comprising of biodegradable polymers and bioactive organically modified layered silicates commonly reveal extremely enhanced mechanical and various other properties when compared to t...

Shadpour Mallakpour; Mohammad Dinari

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS) Fact Sheet | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS) Fact Sheet Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS) Fact Sheet Overview of Enhanced Geothermal Systems. egsbasics.pdf More Documents & Publications...

331

Enhance-Energy-Security-MOU.pdf | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Enhance-Energy-Security-MOU.pdf Enhance-Energy-Security-MOU.pdf Enhance-Energy-Security-MOU.pdf More Documents & Publications Memorandum of understanding between DOE and NGLIA...

332

Air Force Enhanced Use Lease  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1 1 Air Force Enhanced Use Lease Mr. Brian Brown 16 Oct. 12 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e 2 Agenda  Brian Brown  Enhanced Use Lease (EUL) Overview  Energy EULs  EUL Goals  David Swanson  Energy EUL Market Drivers  Current EUL Projects  Partnering with the Air Force  Contact Information I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e 3 Overview  Authority 10 USC 2667  An EUL is a lease  By the government  Of "non-excess" property  Under the control of the government  To a public or private sector lessee  In exchange for fair market value rental payments in cash and/or in kind consideration I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e

333

Enhancing biofuel production by ultrasonics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work evaluated the use of high-powered ultrasonics to enhance biofuel production in terms of efficiency and costs. A wide range of feed stocks including switch grass corn stover and soft wood were studied. The effect of ultrasonic pretreatment on the removal of lignin for hydrolysis of starches and cellulose to fermentable sugars was studied. It was found that many of the pretreatments were very successful in enhancing lignin removal. For example time of dissolution of lingo-cellulosic biomass in ionic liquids was reduced from hours to minutes accompanied by a significant decrease in energy consumption compared to mechanical stirring. In addition it was found that hydrolysis of corn starch could be greatly accelerated utilizing ultrasonics. Economic models showed that the technology once implemented would have a payback period of less than one year. The work also focused on biodiesel production. It was seen that ultrasonics accelerated the transesterification process so that soy bean oil could be converted to biodiesel in less than a minute compared to 45 min using traditional methods. It was shown that yeast grown from glycerin a co-product of biodiesel production could be extracted and simultaneously converted to biodiesel with ultrasonics in less than a minute compared to traditional techniques that require multiple processes and relatively long cycle times (+1 h).

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Enhancing biofuel production by ultrasonics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work evaluated the use of high-powered ultrasonics to enhance biofuel production in terms of efficiency and costs. A wide range of feed stocks including corn switchgrass oleaginous yeast and soybean oil were studied. The effect of ultrasonic pretreatment on the removal of lignin to allow hydrolysis of cellulose to fermentable sugars was studied. Many pretreatment techniques proved to be successful in enhancing lignin removal. For example time of dissolution of ligno-cellulosic biomass in ionic liquids was reduced from hours to minutes accompanied by a significant decrease in energy consumption compared to mechanical stirring. In addition it was found that hydrolysis of corn starch could be greatly accelerated utilizing ultrasonics. Economic models showed that the technology once implemented would have a payback period of approximately 2.3 years. The work also explored biodiesel production using ultrasonics. It was seen that ultrasonics accelerated the transesterification process so that soybean oil could be converted to biodiesel in less than a minute compared to 45 minutes using traditional methods.

Melissa Montalbo-Lomboy; Pryiyanka Chand

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

RTU Comparison Calculator Enhancement Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the past two years, Department of Energy’s Building Technologies Office (BTO) has been investigating ways to increase the operating efficiency of the packaged rooftop units (RTUs) in the field. First, by issuing a challenge to the RTU manufactures to increase the integrated energy efficiency ratio (IEER) by 60% over the existing ASHRAE 90.1-2010 standard. Second, by evaluating the performance of an advanced RTU controller that reduces the energy consumption by over 40%. BTO has previously also funded development of a RTU comparison calculator (RTUCC). RTUCC is a web-based tool that provides the user a way to compare energy and cost savings for two units with different efficiencies. However, the RTUCC currently cannot compare savings associated with either the RTU Challenge unit or the advanced RTU controls retrofit. Therefore, BTO has asked PNNL to enhance the tool so building owners can compare energy and savings associated with this new class of products. This document provides the details of the enhancements that are required to support estimating energy savings from use of RTU challenge units or advanced controls on existing RTUs.

Miller, James D.; Wang, Weimin; Katipamula, Srinivas

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

336

High octane ethers from synthesis gas-derived alcohols. Quarterly technical progress report, April--June 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results shown in Figures 10 and 11 demonstrate that the formation of butenes was very sensitive to the alcohol partial pressure. A small elevation of the alcohol pressure suppressed the formation of butenes rather drastically at both 90 and 117{degree}C. The synthesis rates of DME, MIBE, and MTBE ethers were not significantly affected at 90{degree}C, although there was a trend to increase the space time yield of DME as the alcohol pressure was increased. At the reaction temperature of 117{degree}C, all of the ethers showed increasing productivities as the pressure of the reactants was increased (Figure 11). An isotope labelling experiment was carried out to provide mechanistic insight into the manner in which methanol and isobutanol react together to form DME, MIBE, and MTBE ethers and to determine if MTBE were derived from MIBE.

Klier, K.; Herman, R.G.; Menszak, J.; Johansson, M.A.; Feeley, O.C.; Kim, D.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Priming sweet corn for enhanced germination in cold soils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the treatments in higher osmotic potentials and lower oxygen concentrations had the highest percent germination. Seeds were metabolically active during the priming process. Respiration and alcohol dehydrogenase activity of seeds were measured during priming...

Barbato, Della Beth

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

338

Emission Spectroscopy of Dissociative Allyl Iodide and Allyl Alcohol Excited at 199.7 nm B. F. Parsons, D. E. Szpunar, and L. J. Butler*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emission Spectroscopy of Dissociative Allyl Iodide and Allyl Alcohol Excited at 199.7 nm B. F investigated the emission spectroscopy of allyl iodide, CH2dCHCH2I, and allyl alcohol, CH2dCHCH2- OH, excited). The emission spectrum is dominated by activity in the CH2 wag and the CdC stretch, reflecting the dynamics

Butler, Laurie J.

339

Comparison of Hospital Laboratory Serum Alcohol Levels Obtained by an Enzymatic Method with Whole Blood Levels Forensically Determined by Gas Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Articles Comparison of Hospital Laboratory Serum Alcohol Levels Obtained...212 consecutive patients admitted to a hospital trauma center, serum was assayed for...least 0.080 g/dL. Comparison of hospital laboratory serum alcohol levels obtained......

Matthew T. Barnhill; Jr.; Donald Herbert; David J. Wells; Jr.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

20130927 Riverton Enhanced.cdr  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

1: Location of the Riverton Processing Site 1: Location of the Riverton Processing Site Enhanced Characterization of the Surficial Aquifer, Riverton, Wyoming, Processing Site F A C T S H E E T ENERGY Legacy Management U.S. DEPARTMENT OF Site Description and History The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM) manages the Riverton, Wyoming, Processing Site in Fremont County, 2 miles southwest of the town of Riverton and within the boundaries of the Wind River Indian Reservation (Northern Arapaho and Eastern Shoshone) on land now owned by Chemtrade Refinery Services (figure 1). The site is the location of a former uranium- and vanadium-ore-processing mill that operated from 1958 to 1963. Milling operations created radioactive mill tailings. The tailings were removed from the site in 1988 and relocated to the Gas Hills East

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alcohol enhancement cxs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Quantum-enhanced absorption refrigerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermodynamics is a branch of science blessed by an unparalleled combination of generality of scope and formal simplicity. Based on few natural assumptions together with the four laws, it sets the boundaries between possible and impossible in macroscopic aggregates of matter. This triggered groundbreaking achievements in physics, chemistry and engineering over the last two centuries. Close analogues of those fundamental laws are now being established at the level of individual quantum systems, thus placing limits on the operation of quantum-mechanical devices. Here we study quantum absorption refrigerators, which are driven by heat rather than external work. We establish thermodynamic performance bounds for these machines and investigate their quantum origin. We also show how those bounds may be pushed beyond what is classically achievable, by suitably tailoring the environmental fluctuations via quantum reservoir engineering techniques. Such superefficient quantum-enhanced cooling realises a promising step towards the technological exploitation of autonomous quantum refrigerators.

Luis A. Correa; José P. Palao; Daniel Alonso; Gerardo Adesso

2013-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

342

Shale Oil Value Enhancement Research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Raw kerogen oil is rich in heteroatom-containing compounds. Heteroatoms, N, S & O, are undesirable as components of a refinery feedstock, but are the basis for product value in agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, surfactants, solvents, polymers, and a host of industrial materials. An economically viable, technologically feasible process scheme was developed in this research that promises to enhance the economics of oil shale development, both in the US and elsewhere in the world, in particular Estonia. Products will compete in existing markets for products now manufactured by costly synthesis routes. A premium petroleum refinery feedstock is also produced. The technology is now ready for pilot plant engineering studies and is likely to play an important role in developing a US oil shale industry.

James W. Bunger

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

343

Enhanced High Resolution RBS System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Improvements in full spectrum resolution with the second NEC high resolution RBS system are summarized. Results for 50 A ring TiN/HfO films on Si yielding energy resolution on the order of 1 keV are also presented. Detector enhancements include improved pulse processing electronics, upgraded shielding for the MCP/RAE detector, and reduced noise generated from pumping. Energy resolution measurements on spectra front edge coupled with calculations using 0.4mStr solid angle show that beam energy spread at 400 KeV from the Pelletron registered accelerator is less than 100 eV. To improve user throughput, magnet control has been added to the automatic data collection. Depth profiles derived from experimental data are discussed. For the thin films profiled, depth resolutions were on the Angstrom level with the non-linear energy/channel conversions ranging from 100 to 200 eV.

Pollock, Thomas J.; Hass, James A.; Klody, George M. [National Electrostatics Corp., Middleton, Wisconsin, U. S. A. 53562-0310 (United States)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Enhancing Tolerance to Short-Chain Alcohols by Engineering the Escherichia coli AcrB Efflux Pump to Secrete the Non-native Substrate n-Butanol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(8, 12) A number of strategies have been pursued to reduce the toxicity of biofuels to cells, including overexpression of heat shock proteins, modification of the cell membrane, and alteration of the cellular stress response. ... (19) By pumping the product out of the intracellular milieu, such reversible biofuel production reactions will be pulled in the forward direction, providing an additional increase in productivity. ... (25) As depicted in Figure 1a, these pumps are composed of an outer membrane channel (OMP), membrane fusion protein (MFP), and inner membrane pump (IMP). ...

Michael A. Fisher; Sergey Boyarskiy; Masaki R. Yamada; Niwen Kong; Stefan Bauer; Danielle Tullman-Ercek

2013-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

345

Design of radiographic enhancement systems. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Preliminary specifications and designs are given for two radiographic enhancement systems. The first system is a portable system designed to be carried with EOD teams to enhance the contrast of low-density, low-contrast radiographs made with existing EOD radiographic equipment. The second system contains both image-enhancement and improved radiographic equipment and is designed to be carried aboard commercial or military aircraft in an air-transportable pod. Expected production costs and equipment selection are included.

Hayford, D.T.

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Chemicals for enhanced oil recovery. Biennial report, April 1978-March 1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of Chemicals for Enhanced Oil Recovery is to lower barriers to implementation of the micellar flood approach by decreasing cost and increasing availability of chemicals used in the process. This is done by finding alternative feedstocks in wastes or low valued organic byproducts and by development of lower cost production procedures. For biopolymers in particular, emphasis has been on developments important for field production, to obviate the expense necessary for preparation of a dry product, feasible for shipping, and of redispersion for injection into formations. Because of the large quantities of waste and low valued byproducts generated by the paper industry, wood pulping streams have received particular attention. The interests have been not only in surfactants and mobility control polymers, but also in cosurfactants, sequestering agents for control of hardness, and competitive adsorbates. Some of the highlights of this period are: microscreens compared favorably in installed cost and operating energy to diatomaceous earth filtration and centrifugation for gross biomass removal; four fungi from genera other than Sclerotium, Helotium, or Stromatinia were tested and found to be potential biopolymer producers; methods of hydrolyzing polymers sequentially from the ends were investigated, and pH and temperature optima for these were obtained; coagent alcohols and alcohol-ketone mixture were readily produced from weak acid sulfite liquor, condenser effluent, and thermomechanical effluent streams; preparations of pure sodium oleate and a number of derivatives with substituents on the carbon next to the carboxylate were carried out and their phase behavior in systems containing a fixed cosurfactant were compared as a function of alkane molecular weight and of NaCl concentration; commercial ethoxylated fatty acids of different hydrophilic/hydrophobic ratios were evaluated, both alone and in conjunction with a petroleum sulfonate surfactant.

Compere, A.L.; Crenshaw, J.M.; Greene, S.V.; Griffith, W.L.; Hall, J.E. Jr.; Johnson, J.S. Jr.; Jones, R.M.; Magid, L.J.; Triolo, R.; Westmoreland, C.G.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Credit Enhancement Program (Oklahoma) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Credit Enhancement Program (Oklahoma) Credit Enhancement Program (Oklahoma) Credit Enhancement Program (Oklahoma) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Oklahoma Program Type Loan Program Provider Development Finance Auhtority The Credit Enhancement Program is a means by which the Oklahoma Finance Authority provides guarantees for small companies, manufacturing facilities and communities in need of funds for expansion projects and infrastructure

348

Enhanced Bioremediation-Pinellas County, Florida, Site  

Energy Savers [EERE]

emulsified vegetable oil (EVO) and Dehalococcoides mccartyi into the soil. The transfer tanks containing the EVO are in the background. Inside this Update: Enhanced...

349

Ultraviolet photodissociation enhances top?down mass...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ultraviolet photodissociation enhances top-down mass spectrometry as demonstrated on green fluorescent protein variants Xibei Dang 1,2 and Nicolas L. Young 1 1 Ion Cyclotron...

350

Seismic Fracture Characterization Methods for Enhanced Geothermal...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

5 4.5.2 Seismic Fracture Characterization Methods for Enhanced Geothermal Systems Presentation Number: 022 Investigator: Queen, John (Hi-Q Geophysical Inc.) Objectives: To develop...

351

Seismic Fracture Characterization Methods for Enhanced Geothermal...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Seismic Fracture Characterization Methods for Enhanced Geothermal Systems Principal Investigator: John H. Queen Hi-Q Geophysical Inc. Track Name: Seismicity and Reservoir Fracture...

352

Enhancements to Natural Attenuation: Selected Case Studies |...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Selected Case Studies More Documents & Publications Building C-400 Thermal Treatment 90% Remedial Design Report and Site Investigation Natural and Enhanced Attenuation of Soil and...

353

Investigation of syngas interaction in alcohol synthesis catalysts. Quartery technical progress report, July 1, 1995--September 31, 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the work done on {open_quotes}Investigation of Syngas Interaction in Alcohol Synthesis Catalysts{close_quotes} during the last three months. In this report the results of the work done on the effect of CO adsorption on the magnetic character of cobalt in the Cu/Co/Cr catalysts is discussed.

Akundi, M.A.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Spectroscopic Measurements of Low-Temperature Heat Release for Homogeneous Combustion Compression Ignition (HCCI) n-Heptane/Alcohol Mixture Combustion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Spectroscopic Measurements of Low-Temperature Heat Release for Homogeneous Combustion Compression Ignition (HCCI) n-Heptane/Alcohol Mixture Combustion ... (6) The earlier short heat release, LTHR, is characteristic of chemical oxidation at low temperature of the hydrocarbon fuel. ... lower heating value (kJ/kg) ...

Peerawat Saisirirat; Fabrice Foucher; Somchai Chanchaona; Christine Mounai?m-Rousselle

2010-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

355

Diagram of the Biofuel Production Process (SPORL -Alcohol Production):Introduction: The Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance (NARA) is an organization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diagram of the Biofuel Production Process (SPORL - Alcohol Production):Introduction: The Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance (NARA) is an organization that aims to create a sustainable aviation biofuels to determine the atmospheric emissions and emission sources that may be released from proposed NARA biofuels

Collins, Gary S.

356

Hydrogen Bond Breaking and Reformation in Alcohol Oligomers Following Vibrational Relaxation of a Non-Hydrogen-Bond Donating Hydroxyl Stretch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogen Bond Breaking and Reformation in Alcohol Oligomers Following Vibrational Relaxation of a Non-Hydrogen-Bond Donating Hydroxyl Stretch K. J. Gaffney, I. R. Piletic, and M. D. Fayer* Department measured with ultrafast infrared pump-probe experiments. Non-hydrogen-bond donating OD stretches (2690 cm-1

Fayer, Michael D.

357

Complex SrRuO3?Pt and LaRuO3?Pt Catalysts for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Complex SrRuO3?Pt and LaRuO3?Pt Catalysts for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells ... While currently LaRuO3/Pt composition possesses the highest activity, optimization of perovskite structure (by doping from A and B sites) may lead even to more advanced catalysts. ...

Aidong Lan; Alexander S. Mukasyan

2008-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

358

Bioactivation of food genotoxicants 5-hydroxymethylfurfural and furfuryl alcohol by sulfotransferases from human, mouse and rat: a comparative study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and furfuryl alcohol (FFA)...k cat/K M) of HMF sulfoconjugation of human SULT1A1 (13.7 s?1 M?1), mouse Sult1a1 (15.8 s?1 M?1) and 1d1 (4.8 s?1 M?1) and r...

Benjamin Sachse; Walter Meinl; Yasmin Sommer; Hansruedi Glatt…

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Measurements of Drinking Patterns in the General Population and Possible Applications in Studies of the Role of Alcohol in Cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the fiscal interest of the state in alcohol as a lucrative vehicle for taxation. The statistics are thus often not specifically...sorts of studies when the much simpler homework of charting ecological correlations has only begun. But there are 2 reasons that...

Robin Room

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Chiral r-Substituted Carbonyls and Alcohols from the SN2 Displacement of Cuprates on Chiral Carbonates: An Alternative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of reactions, based on the anti-selective SN2 addition of cuprates to allylic carbonates, transforms alkynesChiral r-Substituted Carbonyls and Alcohols from the SN2 Displacement of Cuprates on Chiral freedom of the vinyl group in 6 during the SN2 displacement step; the stereoselectivity of the cuprate

Spino, Claude

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alcohol enhancement cxs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Generation of SWNTs on Si Wafer by Alcohol Catalytic CVD Shigeo Maruyama, Shohei Chiashi and Yuhei Miyauchi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generation of SWNTs on Si Wafer by Alcohol Catalytic CVD Shigeo Maruyama, Shohei Chiashi and Yuhei ACCVD technique, lower temperature generation of SWNTs on Al patterned Si surface should be principally possible. We tried to generate SWNTs on Si wafer by ACCVD technique. Zeolite particles supporting Fe

Maruyama, Shigeo

362

Completely Enhanced Cell Phone Keypad  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The enhanced frequency based keypad is designed to speed up the typing process. This paper will show that the proposed layout will increase the typing speed and be flexible for thumb. Traditional cell phone keypad is not a scientific keypad from the frequency point of view. Approaches have been explored to speed up the typing process. We found that no manufacturer has considered the frequency of the alphabet. The current architecture does not provide flexibility although the users are accustomed to the currently available multi-tapping keypad. Since the currently available keypad layouts are not best suited for users, this paper will suggest a keypad for cell phone and other cellular device based on the frequency of the alphabet in English language and also with the view of structure of human finger movements to provide a flexible and fast cell phone keypad. It also takes into consideration the key jamming problem that was available in typewriter. At first we identified those keys of cell phone, which are eas...

Sharmeen, Rezwana; Ahmad, Shabbir; Kamruzzaman, S M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Enhanced Model for Fast Ignition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laser Fusion is a prime candidate for alternate energy production, capable of serving a major portion of the nationâ??s energy needs, once fusion fuel can be readily ignited. Fast Ignition may well speed achievement of this goal, by reducing net demands on laser pulse energy and timing precision. However, Fast Ignition has presented a major challenge to modeling. This project has enhanced the computer code ePLAS for the simulation of the many specialized phenomena, which arise with Fast Ignition. The improved code has helped researchers to understand better the consequences of laser absorption, energy transport, and laser target hydrodynamics. ePLAS uses efficient implicit methods to acquire solutions for the electromagnetic fields that govern the accelerations of electrons and ions in targets. In many cases, the code implements fluid modeling for these components. These combined features, â??implicitness and fluid modeling,â? can greatly facilitate calculations, permitting the rapid scoping and evaluation of experiments. ePLAS can be used on PCs, Macs and Linux machines, providing researchers and students with rapid results. This project has improved the treatment of electromagnetics, hydrodynamics, and atomic physics in the code. It has simplified output graphics, and provided new input that avoids the need for source code access by users. The improved code can now aid university, business and national laboratory users in pursuit of an early path to success with Fast Ignition.

Dr. Rodney J. Mason

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

364

Low-temperature method for enhancing sputter-deposited HfO{sub 2} films with complete oxidization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A low-temperature method, supercritical CO{sub 2} fluid (SCF) technology, is proposed to improve the dielectric properties of ultrathin hafnium oxide (HfO{sub 2}) film at 150 deg. C without significant formation of parasitic oxide at the interface between HfO{sub 2} and Si substrate. In this research, the HfO{sub 2} films were deposited by dc sputter at room temperature and post-treated by SCF which is mixed with 5 vol % propyl alcohol and 5 vol % H{sub 2}O. From high-resolution transmission electron microscopy image, the interfacial oxide of SCF-treated HfO{sub 2} film is only 5 A ring thick. Additionally, the enhancements in the qualities of sputter-deposited HfO{sub 2} film after SCF process are exhibited by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and capacitance-voltage (C-V) measurement.

Tsai, C.-T.; Chang, T.-C.; Liu, P.-T.; Yang, P.-Y.; Kuo, Y.-C.; Kin, K.-T.; Chang, P.-L.; Huang, F.-S. [Institute of Electronics Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, HsinChu 300, Taiwan (China); Department of Physics and Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering, Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, National Sun Yat-Sen University, 70 Lien-Hai Road, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan (China); Department of Photonics and Display Institute, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 Ta-Hsueh Rd., HsinChu 300, Taiwan (China); Energy and Environment Research Laboratories, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); Institute of Electronics Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, HsinChu 300, Taiwan (China)

2007-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

365

Optimization of Rhodium-Based Catalysts for Mixed Alcohol Synthesis -- 2011 Progress Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has been conducting research to investigate the feasibility of producing mixed alcohols from biomass-derived synthesis gas (syngas). In recent years, this research has primarily involved the further development of catalysts containing rhodium and manganese based on the results of earlier catalyst screening tests. Research during FY 2011 continued to examine the performance of RhMn catalysts on alternative supports including selected zeolite, silica, and carbon supports. Catalyst optimization continued using both the Davisil 645 and Merck Grade 7734 silica supports. Research also was initiated in FY 2011, using the both Davisil 645 silica and Hyperion CS-02C-063 carbon supports, to evaluate the potential for further improving catalyst performance, through the addition of one or two additional metals as promoters to the catalysts containing Rh, Mn, and Ir.

Gerber, Mark A.; Gray, Michel J.; Albrecht, Karl O.; Rummel, Becky L.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Optimization of Rhodium-Based Catalysts for Mixed Alcohol Synthesis – 2012 Progress Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has been conducting research to investigate the feasibility of producing mixed alcohols from biomass-derived synthesis gas (syngas). In recent years, this research has primarily involved the further development of catalysts containing rhodium and manganese based on the results of earlier catalyst screening tests. Testing continued in FY 2012 to further improve the Ir-promoted RhMn catalysts on both silica and carbon supports for producing mixed oxygenates from synthesis gas. This testing re-examined selected alternative silica and carbon supports to follow up on some uncertainties in the results with previous test results. Additional tests were conducted to further optimize the total and relative concentrations of Rh, Mn, and Ir, and to examine selected promoters and promoter combinations based on earlier results. To establish optimum operating conditions, the effects of the process pressure and the feed gas composition also were evaluated.

Gerber, Mark A.; Gray, Michel J.; Albrecht, Karl O.; Thompson, Becky L.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Reverse osmosis performance of modified polyvinyl alcohol thin-film composite membranes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Membrane separation characteristics in the nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) regions of the filtration spectrum are governed by a complex combination of both steric hindrance and surface force interactions. NF and RO membranes having surface charges show unusual selectivity behavior not predicted on the basis of physical pore size alone. Hence, practical characterizations should employ techniques to gain insight on membrane function. In this work, the separation characteristics of an anionically charged modified polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) thin-film composite membrane under different operating pressures were investigated. A qualitative measurement of the surface force interactions between solutes and membrane polymer was conducted using liquid chromatography technique. An attempt was also made to study the chlorine resistance of the composite membrane.

Lang, K.; Chowdhury, G.; Matsuura, T.; Sourirajan, S. (Univ. of Ottawa, Ontario (Canada))

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Alcohol fermentation of sweet potato. 1. Acid hydrolysis and factors involved  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Factors affecting acid hydrolysis of sweet potato powder (SPP) to fermentable sugars were examined. These include HCl concentration, temperature, time, and levels of SPP. Maximum reducing sugar, reported as dextrose equivalent (DE), was detected after 24 min hydrolysis (1% SPP) in 0.034N HCl heated at 154 degrees celcius. These samples also had 3.43% hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) based on dry weight. A high level of HMF (9.2%) was detected in 1% SPP heated at 154 degrees C in 0.10N HCl for 18 min. The lowest concentration of HMF formed (1.8%), at maximal DE of 61%, was established in samples containing 5% SPP and heated at 154 degrees C in 0.034N HCl for 48 min. Aqueous extracts of uncured SPP, examined by HPLC, contained glucose, fructose and sucrose, butdegreaded SPP had only glucose and fructose. Products of degraded SPP, under appropriate conditions, could be used for alcohol fermentation. (Refs. 18).

Azhar, A.; Hamdy, M.K.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

From DSM-IV to DSM-5 alcohol use disorder: An overview of epidemiological data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractIntroduction The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) has made several changes to criteria for alcohol use disorder (AUD). The objective of this systematic review is to assess if new DSM-5 diagnostic criteria will increase the prevalence rates of AUD in clinical and non-clinical samples as compared with DSM-IV criteria. Methods We searched PubMed, Scopus, and PsycINFO (via ProQuest) electronic databases, with no language restrictions. We included studies with data available on both DSM-IV (and DSM-IV-TR) and DSM-5 AUD in samples of adults, estimating from each study an expected increase in prevalence rates with relevant 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results Twelve studies were included in this review. Seven studies showed an increase, two no substantial difference, and three a decrease in AUD prevalence according to DSM-5 diagnostic criteria, with differences in rates (95% CIs) varying between ? 12.4% (? 27.4 to + 5.6%) and + 61.3% (+ 46.7 to + 77.3%). Additional analyses provided confirmatory results. Conclusions DSM-5 diagnostic criteria seem to inflate prevalence rates of AUD as compared with DSM-IV. The increasing likelihood of a DSM-5 AUD diagnosis may be explained by the amount of DSM-IV ‘diagnostic orphans’ which are more prevalent than DSM-IV single-criterion alcohol abuse individuals. Further research should be aimed to study if similar trends are detectable also for other substance use disorders that experienced similar changes in DSM-5 diagnostic criteria.

Francesco Bartoli; Giuseppe Carrà; Cristina Crocamo; Massimo Clerici

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Optimize carbon dioxide sequestration, enhance oil recovery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 1 - Optimize carbon dioxide sequestration, enhance oil recovery January 8, 2014 Los Alamos simulation to optimize carbon dioxide (CO2) sequestration and enhance oil recovery (CO2-EOR) based on known production. Due to carbon capture and storage technology advances, prolonged high oil prices

371

PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENTS ON A PULSED DETONATION ROCKET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENTS ON A PULSED DETONATION ROCKET The members of the Committee approve #12;To Grandma and Grandpa #12;PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENTS ON A PULSED DETONATION ROCKET by JASON MATTHEW DETONATION ROCKET Publication No. Jason Matthew Meyers, M.S. The University of Texas at Arlington, 2002

Texas at Arlington, University of

372

Design Approaches in Technology-Enhanced Learning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design Approaches in Technology-Enhanced Learning Yishay Mor* and Niall Winters Institute of Education, University of London, UK Design is critical to the successful development of any interactive learning environment (ILE). Moreover, in technology-enhanced learning (TEL) the design process requires

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

373

Original article Mannitol enhances intracellular calcium diffusion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

concentration-dependent increase in the amount of calcium absor- bed in 1 h from 8 cm long ileal loops prepared-enhanced movement of calcium out of the loop cannot have utilized the paracellular pathway, inasmuch as the luminalOriginal article Mannitol enhances intracellular calcium diffusion in the rat ileum ­ a hypothesis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

374

April 30, 2009 ENHANCING PEER REVIEW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

April 30, 2009 ENHANCING PEER REVIEW: Overview of Implementation for Reviewers Background Goals of Peer Review Enhancements Recognize changing nature of research; identify and encourage new and early Peer Review Web site At the Review Meeting Preliminary impact/priority scores will help determine

Bandettini, Peter A.

375

Enhanced Enterprise Zones (Missouri) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Enhanced Enterprise Zones (Missouri) Enhanced Enterprise Zones (Missouri) Enhanced Enterprise Zones (Missouri) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Missouri Program Type Enterprise Zone Corporate Tax Incentive Provider Missouri Department of Economic Development Enhanced Enterprise Zones aim at attracting new businesses or promoting an expansion of existing business in Missouri Enhanced Enterprise Zone. Tax credits will be an amount authorized by DED, based on the state economic benefit, supported by the number of new jobs, wages and new capital investment that the project will create. To qualify, individual business eligibility will be determined by the zone, based on creation of

376

ELECTROSTATICALLY ENHANCED BARRIER FILTER COLLECTION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work was performed through the University of North Dakota (UND) Chemical Engineering Department with assistance from UND's Energy & Environmental Research Center. This research was undertaken in response to the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Technology Center Program Solicitation No. DE-PS26-99FT40479, Support of Advanced Coal Research at U.S. Universities and Colleges. Specifically, this research was in support of the UCR Core Program and addressees Topic 1, Improved Hot-Gas Contaminant and Particulate Removal Techniques, introducing an advanced design for particulate removal. Integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) offers the potential for very high efficiency and clean electric generation. In IGCC, the product gas from the gasifier needs to be cleaned of particulate matter to avoid erosion and high-temperature corrosion difficulties arising with the turbine blades. Current methods involve cooling the gases to {approx}100 C to condense alkalis and remove sulfur and particulates using conventional scrubber technology. This ''cool'' gas is then directed to a turbine for electric generation. While IGCC has the potential to reach efficiencies of over 50%, the current need to cool the product gas for cleaning prior to firing it in a turbine is keeping IGCC from reaching its full potential. The objective of the current project was to develop a highly reliable particulate collector system that can meet the most stringent turbine requirements and emission standards, can operate at temperatures above 1500 F, is applicable for use with all U.S. coals, is compatible with various sorbent injection schemes for sulfur and alkali control, can be integrated into a variety of configurations for both pressurized gasification and combustion, increases allowable face velocity to reduce filter system capital cost, and is cost-competitive with existing technologies. The collector being developed is a new concept in particulate control called electrostatically enhanced barrier filter collection (EBFC). This concept combines electrostatic precipitation (ESP) with candle filters in a single unit. Similar technology has been recently proven on a commercial scale for atmospheric applications, but needed to be tested at high temperatures and pressures. The synergy obtained by combining the two control technologies into a single system should actually reduce filter system capital and operating costs and make the system more reliable. More specifically, the ESP is expected to significantly reduce candle filter load and also to limit ash reintrainment, allowing for full recovery of baseline pressure drop during backpulsing of the filters.

John Erjavec; Michael D. Mann; Ryan Z. Knutson; Michael L. Swanson; Michael E. Collings

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Definition: Enhanced Fault Protection | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Enhanced Fault Protection Enhanced Fault Protection Enhanced fault protection requires higher precision and greater discrimination of fault location and type with coordinated measurement among multiple devices. For distribution applications, these systems will detect and isolate faults without full-power re-closing, reducing the frequency of through-fault currents. Using high resolution sensors and fault signatures, these systems can better detect high impedance faults. For transmission applications, these systems will employ high speed communications between multiple elements (e.g., stations) to protect entire regions, rather than just single elements. They will also use the latest digital techniques to advance beyond conventional impedance relaying of transmission lines.[1] Related Terms

378

Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) (Redirected from EGS) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) Geothermal Technologies There are many types of Geothermal Technologies that take advantage of the earth's heat: Hydrothermal Systems Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) Sedimentary Geothermal Systems Co-Produced Geothermal Systems Geothermal Direct Use Ground Source Heat Pumps EGS Links Related documents and websites DOE EGS Technical Roadmap DOE EGS Systems Demonstration Projects How EGS Works (Animation) EGS Development (Animation)

379

Synthesis and structure of complex metal oxides produced by interaction of iron and nickel acetylacetonates with hydrolysis products of titanium and zirconium alcoholates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The interaction of nickel and iron acetylacetonates with hydrolysis products of titanium and zirconium alcoholates and their mixture has been studied. It was shown that chemical synthesis of organometallic gel...

M. V. Tsodikov; O. V. Bukhtenko…

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Treatment of alcohol dependence in patients with co-morbid major depressive disorder – predictors for the outcomes with memantine and escitalopram medication  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Alcohol dependence comorbid with major depressive disorder poses a major challenge in the clinical setting. The results in the treatment with selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors have been conflicting. Thus, ...

Leea H Muhonen; Jari Lahti; David Sinclair…

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alcohol enhancement cxs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Selective Alcohol Dehydrogenation and Hydrogenolysis with Semiconductor-Metal Photocatalysts: Toward Solar-to-Chemical Energy Conversion of Biomass-Relevant Substrates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Selective Alcohol Dehydrogenation and Hydrogenolysis with Semiconductor-Metal Photocatalysts: Toward Solar-to-Chemical Energy Conversion of Biomass-Relevant Substrates ... Coupled semiconductors of well-matched band energies are convenient to improve charge sepn. ...

T. Purnima A. Ruberu; Nicholas C. Nelson; Igor I. Slowing; Javier Vela

2012-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

382

The Behaviour of Electrolytes in Mixed Solvents. Part I. The Free Energies and Heat Contents of Hydrogen Chloride in Water-Ethyl Alcohol Solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1 November 1929 research-article The Behaviour of Electrolytes in Mixed Solvents. Part I. The Free Energies and Heat Contents of Hydrogen Chloride in Water-Ethyl Alcohol Solutions J. A. V. Butler C. M. Robertson The Royal Society...

1929-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Enhanced Oil Recovery | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Enhanced Oil Recovery Enhanced Oil Recovery Enhanced Oil Recovery Cross-section illustrating how carbon dioxide and water can be used to flush residual oil from a subsurface rock formation between wells. Cross-section illustrating how carbon dioxide and water can be used to flush residual oil from a subsurface rock formation between wells. Crude oil development and production in U.S. oil reservoirs can include up to three distinct phases: primary, secondary, and tertiary (or enhanced) recovery. During primary recovery, the natural pressure of the reservoir or gravity drive oil into the wellbore, combined with artificial lift techniques (such as pumps) which bring the oil to the surface. But only about 10 percent of a reservoir's original oil in place is typically produced during primary recovery. Secondary recovery techniques extend a

384

Lab Breakthrough: Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning Lab Breakthrough: Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning May 29, 2012 - 5:22pm Addthis This breakthrough combines desiccant materials, which remove moisture from the air using heat, and advanced evaporative technologies to develop a cooling unit that uses 90 percent less electricity and up to 80 percent less total energy than traditional air conditioning. This solution, called the desiccant enhanced evaporative air conditioner (DEVAP), also controls humidity more effectively to improve the comfort of people in buildings. View the entire Lab Breakthrough playlist. What are the key facts? Recent materials advances and liquid desiccant advances to design the compact and cost-effective DEVAP system. DEVAP uses 90 percent less electricity and up to 80 percent less

385

Lab Breakthrough: Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Lab Breakthrough: Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning Lab Breakthrough: Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning Lab Breakthrough: Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning May 29, 2012 - 5:22pm Addthis This breakthrough combines desiccant materials, which remove moisture from the air using heat, and advanced evaporative technologies to develop a cooling unit that uses 90 percent less electricity and up to 80 percent less total energy than traditional air conditioning. This solution, called the desiccant enhanced evaporative air conditioner (DEVAP), also controls humidity more effectively to improve the comfort of people in buildings. View the entire Lab Breakthrough playlist. What are the key facts? Recent materials advances and liquid desiccant advances to design the compact and cost-effective DEVAP system.

386

Registration and Integration for Fluoroscopy Device Enhancement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigated a method, motion compensated integration (MCI), for enhancing stent Contrast-to-Noise Ratio (CNR) such that stent deployment may be more easily assessed. MCI registers fluoroscopic frames on th...

James C. Ross; David Langan; Ravi Manjeshwar…

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Starting Up Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter gives the reader a practical introduction into microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) including the microbial production of natural gas from oil. Decision makers who consider the use of one of the...

Michael Siegert; Jana Sitte; Alexander Galushko; Martin Krüger

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Streamline simulation of Surfactant Enhanced Aquifer Remediation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonaqueous Phase Liquids (NAPLS) are a recognized source of groundwater contamination. Surfactant Enhanced Aquifer Remediation (SEAR) shows promise in increasing the efficiency and effectiveness over traditional "pump and treat" NAPL remediation...

Tunison, Douglas Irvin

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Technology Enhanced Interaction Framework Kewalin Angkananon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technology Enhanced Interaction Framework Kewalin Angkananon ECS University of Southampton interaction framework to help design technology to support communication between people and improve interactions between people, technology and objects, particularly in complex situations. A review of existing

390

CX-003115: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Exclusion Determination Regents of the University of California - Electro-Autotrophic Synthesis of Higher Alcohols CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 06022010 Location(s): California...

391

of oil yields from enhanced oil recovery  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

oil yields from enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and CO oil yields from enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and CO 2 storage capacity in depleted oil reservoirs. The primary goal of the project is to demonstrate that remaining oil can be economically produced using CO 2 -EOR technology in untested areas of the United States. The Citronelle Field appears to be an ideal site for concurrent CO 2 storage and EOR because the field is composed of sandstone reservoirs

392

Biochemically enhanced oil recovery and oil treatment  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention relates to the preparation of new, modified organisms, through challenge growth processes, that are viable in the extreme temperature, pressure and pH conditions and salt concentrations of an oil reservoir and that are suitable for use in microbial enhanced oil recovery. The modified microorganisms of the present invention are used to enhance oil recovery and remove sulfur compounds and metals from the crude oil. 62 figures.

Premuzic, E.T.; Lin, M.

1994-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

393

Efficiency Vermont's Enhanced Building Operations Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Efficiency Vermont?s Enhanced Building Operations Programs 11th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations Session 4: Regional Utility Programs for Operational Improvement New York City - October 19, 2011 2 Topics... for Discussion ? Introduction: Efficiency Vermont ? Efficiency Vermont?s Whole-Building Operational Improvement Programs & Pilot Programs ?Commissioning & Retro-commissioning Programs ?Re-tuning Pilot Program ?Re-tuning Pilot Program Variations ?Other...

Laflamme, S.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Enhanced Stuffing Box Rubbers Test Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center (RMOTC) and Scott's Oil Field Service tested an enhanced stuffing box rubber at the Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 3. The enhanced stuffing box rubbers have saved money from not having to replace packing as often and not spilling valuable oil on the ground. A reduction in environmental hazards and the cost of cleaning up spilled oil have also been a benefit.

Rochelle, J.

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Biochemically enhanced oil recovery and oil treatment  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention relates to the preparation of new, modified organisms, through challenge growth processes, that are viable in the extreme temperature, pressure and pH conditions and salt concentrations of an oil reservoir and that are suitable for use in microbial enhanced oil recovery. The modified microorganisms of the present invention are used to enhance oil recovery and remove sulfur compounds and metals from the crude oil.

Premuzic, Eugene T. (East Moriches, NY); Lin, Mow (Rocky Point, NY)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Anhydrous aluminum chloride as an alkylation catalyst: identification of mono- and dialkyl-benzenes from the condensation of tertiary butyl alcohol with benzene.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIBRARY a a w c"I. I. SI - O~ TI:YAf ANHYDROUS ALUMINUM CHLORIDE AS AN ALKYLATION CATALYST: IDENTIFICATION OF MONO- AND DIALKYIZENZENES FROM THE CONDENSATION QF TERTIARY BUTYL ALCOHOL WITH BENKENE IACEY EUGENE SCOGGINS 4 A Thesis Submitted...: IDENTIFICATION OF MONO- AND DI~NZZNES FROM THE CONDENSATION OF TERTIARY BUTYL ALCOHOL WITH BENZENE A Thesis By LACEY EUGENE SCOGGINS Approved as to style and content hy: Chairman of Committee Head of Chemistry Department 1959 ACKNOWLEDGME1VTS The author...

Scoggins, Lacey E

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

The Non-alcoholic Beverage Market in the United States: Demand Interrelationships, Dynamics, Nutrition Issues and Probability Forecast Evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

................................................... 192 4.10 Per capita volume of non-alcoholic beverages consumed at home in the United States in 2003 by poverty status .................... 193 5.1 Calibration graph for probabilities: probit model within-sample for isotonics... ............................................................... 256 5.2 Calibration graph for probabilities: probit model out-of-sample for isotonics ................................................................ 256 5.3 Calibration graph for probabilities: logit model within-sample for isotonics...

Dharmasena, Kalu Arachchillage Senarath

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

398

Center for Research on Enhancing Carbon Sequestration in Terrestrial Ecosystems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Center for Research on Enhancing Carbon Sequestration in Terrestrial Ecosystems Personnel. Blaine Metting #12;vii Abstract The Center for Research on Enhancing Carbon Sequestration in Terrestrial needed to evaluate the feasibility of environmentally sound strategies for enhancing carbon sequestration

399

The economical production of alcohol fuels from coal-derived synthesis gas. Sixth quarterly technical progress report, January 1, 1993--March 31, 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Preliminary economic investigations have focused on cost reduction measures in the production of syngas from coal. A spread sheet model has been developed which can determine the cost of syngas production based upon the cost of equipment and raw materials and the market value of energy and by-products. In comparison to natural gas derived syngas, coal derived syngas is much more expensive, suggesting a questionable economic status of coal derived alcohol fuels. While it is possible that use of less expensive coal or significant integration of alcohol production and electricity production may reduce the cost of coal derived syngas, it is unlikely to be less costly to produce than syngas from natural gas. Fuels evaluation is being conducted in three parts. First, standard ASTM tests are being used to analyze the blend characteristics of higher alcohols. Second, the performance characteristics of higher alcohols are being evaluated in a single-cylinder research engine. Third, the emissions characteristics of higher alcohols are being investigated. The equipment is still under construction and the measurement techniques are still being developed. Of particular interest is n-butanol, since the MoS{sub 2} catalyst produces only linear higher alcohols. There is almost no information on the combustion and emission characteristics of n-butanol, hence the importance of gathering this information in this research.

Not Available

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

High octane ethers from synthesis gas-derived alcohols. Final technical report, September 25, 1990--December 24, 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the research was to develop the methodology for the catalytic synthesis of ethers, primarily methyl isobutyl ether (MIBE) and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), directly from alcohol mixtures that are rich in methanol and 2-methyl-1-propanol (isobutanol). The overall scheme involves gasification of coal, purification and shifting of the synthesis gas, higher alcohol synthesis, and direct synthesis of ethers. The last stage of the synthesis involves direct coupling of synthesis gas-derived methanol and isobutanol that has been previously demonstrated by us to occur over superacid catalysts to yield MIBE and smaller amounts of MTBE at moderate pressures and a mixture of methanol and isobutene at low pressures. A wide range of organic resin catalysts and inorganic oxide and zeolite catalysts have been investigated for activity and selectivity in directly coupling alcohols, principally methanol and isobutanol, to form ethers and in the dehydration of isobutanol to isobutene in the presence of methanol. All of these catalysts are strong acids, and it was found that the organic and inorganic catalysts operate in different, but overlapping, temperature ranges, i.e. mainly 60--120{degrees}C for the organic resins and 90--175{degrees}C for the inorganic catalysts. For both types of catalysts, the presence of strong acid centers is required for catalytic activity, as was demonstrated by lack of activity of fully K{sup +} ion exchanged Nafion resin and zirconia prior to being sulfated by treatment with sulfuric acid.

Klier, K.; Herman, R.G.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alcohol enhancement cxs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

The water footprint of biofuel produced from forest wood residue via a mixed alcohol gasification process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Forest residue has been proposed as a feasible candidate for cellulosic biofuels. However, the number of studies assessing its water use remains limited. This work aims to analyze the impacts of forest-based biofuel on water resources and quality by using a water footprint approach. A method established here is tailored to the production system, which includes softwood, hardwood, and short-rotation woody crops. The method is then applied to selected areas in the southeastern region of the United States to quantify the county-level water footprint of the biofuel produced via a mixed alcohol gasification process, under several logistic systems, and at various refinery scales. The results indicate that the blue water sourced from surface or groundwater is minimal, at 2.4 liters per liter of biofuel (l/l). The regional-average green water (rainfall) footprint falls between 400 and 443 l/l. The biofuel pathway appears to have a low nitrogen grey water footprint averaging 25 l/l at the regional level, indicating minimal impacts on water quality. Feedstock mix plays a key role in determining the magnitude and the spatial distribution of the water footprint in these regions. Compared with other potential feedstock, forest wood residue shows promise with its low blue and grey water footprint.

Yi-Wen Chiu; May Wu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Endovascular Treatment of Acute Arterial Hemorrhage in Trauma Patients Using Ethylene Vinyl Alcohol Copolymer (Onyx)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: This study was designed to determine the feasibility and efficacy of endovascular embolization with liquid embolic agent ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (Onyx) in patients with acute traumatic arterial bleeding. Methods: This is a retrospective review of 13 patients (9 men and 4 women; mean age 45 years) with severe trauma who underwent embolotherapy using Onyx from November 2003 to February 2009. Bleeding was located in the pelvis (5 patients), kidney (3 patients), mesenteric region (2 patients), retroperitoneal space (2 patients), neck (1 patient), and thigh (1 patient). In three cases (23.1%), Onyx was used in conjunction with coils. We evaluate the technical and clinical success, procedural and embolization time, occurrence of rebleeding, and embolotherapy-related complications, such as necrosis or migration of Onyx into nontarget vessels. Results: In all patients, embolotherapy was technically and clinically successful on the first attempt. Control of bleeding could be reached with a mean time of 19 (range, 4-63) min after correct placement of the microcatheter in the feeding artery. No recurrent bleeding was detected. No unintended necrosis or migration of Onyx into a nontarget region was observed. During the follow-up period, three patients (23.1%) died due to severe intracranial hemorrhage, cardiac arrest, and sepsis. Conclusions: Transcatheter embolization with new liquid embolic agent Onyx is technically feasible and effective in trauma patients with acute arterial hemorrhage.

Mueller-Wille, R., E-mail: rene.mueller-wille@klinik.uni-regensburg.de; Heiss, P., E-mail: peter.heiss@klinik.uni-regensburg.de [University Medical Center Regensburg, Department of Radiology (Germany); Herold, T., E-mail: thomas.herold@helios-kliniken.de [Helios Klinikum Berlin-Buch, Department of Radiology (Germany); Jung, E. M., E-mail: ernst-michael.jung@klinik.uni-regensburg.de; Schreyer, A. G., E-mail: andreas.schreyer@klinik.uni-regensburg.de; Hamer, O. W., E-mail: okka.hamer@klinik.uni-regensburg.de; Rennert, J., E-mail: janine.rennert@klinik.uni-regensburg.de; Hoffstetter, P., E-mail: P.hoffstetter@asklepios.com; Stroszczynski, C., E-mail: christian.stros@klinik.uni-regensburg.de [University Medical Center Regensburg, Department of Radiology (Germany); Zorger, N., E-mail: Niels.Zorger@barmherzige-regensburg.de [Krankenhaus Barmherzige Brueder Regensburg, Department of Radiology (Germany)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

403

Alcohol fermentation of sweet potato - 1. Acid hydrolysis and factors involved  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Factors affecting acid hydrolysis of sweet potato powder (SPP) to fermentable sugars were examined. These include HCl concentration, temperature, time, and levels of SPP. Maximum reducing sugar, reported as dextrose equivalent (DE), was detected after 24 min hydrolysis (1% SPP) in 0.034N HCl heated at 154/degree/C. These samples also had 3.43% hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) based on dry weight. A high level of HMF (9.2%) was detected in 1% SPP heated at 154/degree/C in 0.10N HCl for 18 min. The lowest concentration of HMF formed (1.8%), at maximal DE of 61%, was established in samples containing 5% SPP and heated at 154/degree/C in 0.034N HCl for 48 min. Aqueous extracts of uncured SPP, examined by High Performance Liquid Chromatography, contained glucose, fructose and sucrose, but degraded SPP had only glucose and fructose. Products of degraded SPP, Under appropriate conditions, could be used for alcohol fermentation. 18 refs.

Azhar, A.; Hamdy, M.K.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Synthesis, characterization, and catalytic activity of Rh-based lanthanum zirconate pyrochlores for higher alcohol synthesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two lanthanum zirconate pyrochlores (La{sub 2}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 7}; LZ) were prepared by Pechini method and tested for higher alcohols selectivity. In one, Rh was substituted into the pyrochlore lattice (LRZ, 1.7 wt%) while for the second, Rh was supported on an unsubstituted La{sub 2}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 7} (R/LZ, 1.8 wt%). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and temperature programmed reduction (TPR) results show that the surface reducibility depends on whether the Rh is in (or supported on) the LZ pyrochlore. Rhodium in the LRZ is more reducible than rhodium supported on the R/LZ pyrochlore, likely due to the presence of a perovskite phase (LaRhO{sub 3}; identified by XRD), in which rhodium is more reducible. The formation of the perovskite accompanies that of the pyrochlore. CO hydrogenation results show higher ethanol selectivity for R/LZ than LRZ, possibly due to the strong interaction between Rh and LZ on the R/LZ, forming atomically close Rh{sup +}/Rh{sup 0} sites, which have been suggested to favor ethanol production.

Abdelsayed, Victor; Shekhawat, Dushyant; Poston, James A., Jr.; Spivey, James J.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Investigation of electrochemical properties of a poly(vinyl alcohol)/poly(acrylic acid) polymer blend  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chemical sensors have wide applications in medicine, environmental monitoring, industrial applications, and others because of their versatility, ruggedness, sensitivity, selectivity, and economy. Electrochemical sensors are constructed by using a conducting medium, in this case graphite, and applying a constant potential while measuring changes in the current. Polymers are used for electrochemical sensors to exclude interferents from the electrode surface, to preconcentrate the analyte near the electrode, and in some cases to provide a matrix for the immobilization of analytes, such as enzymes. These functions of the polymer can serve to improve the detection limit of the sensor. This project involves the evaluation of a new polymer for electrode modification. The poly(vinyl alcohol)/poly(acrylic acid) (PVA/PAA) polymer was originally developed as an ion exchanger for use in space batteries. It has also been used in wastewater cleanup because it will concentrate heavy metals in the presence of calcium ion. This polymer is also optically clear, so it can potentially be used for an optical sensor. We are interested in investigating the ion exchange properties of the PVA/PAA polymer, as well as the ability of this polymer to preconcentrate and exclude analytes on the basis of size, charge, and hydrophilic/hydrophobic interactions.

DeSantis, C.O.; Seliskar, C.; Heineman, W.R. [Univ. of Cincinnati, OH (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

406

Syngas Enhanced High Efficiency Low Temperature Combustion for...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Enhanced High Efficiency Low Temperature Combustion for Clean Diesel Engines Syngas Enhanced High Efficiency Low Temperature Combustion for Clean Diesel Engines A significant...

407

Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS) Fact Sheet | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Overview of Enhanced Geothermal Systems. egsbasics.pdf More Documents & Publications Calpine Staff Run Tests at The Geysers Geothermal Power Plant in California Enhanced...

408

Enhanced Ethanol Engine And Vehicle Efficiency (Agreement 13425...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Enhanced Ethanol Engine And Vehicle Efficiency (Agreement 13425) Enhanced Ethanol Engine And Vehicle Efficiency (Agreement 13425) Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle...

409

Wiremesh Substrates for Enhanced Particulate Oxidation and Efficient...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Wiremesh Substrates for Enhanced Particulate Oxidation and Efficient Urea SCR NOx Reduction Wiremesh Substrates for Enhanced Particulate Oxidation and Efficient Urea SCR NOx...

410

Development of an Airless Thermal Enhancer | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of a Thermal Enhancer for Combined Partial Range Burning and Hydrocarbon Dosing Thermal Enhancer - Airless Exhaust Thermal Management Device SCR Technologies for NOx Reduction...

411

Ionic Liquid-Enhanced Solid State Electrolyte Interface (SEI...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Liquid-Enhanced Solid State Electrolyte Interface (SEI) for Lithium Sulfur Batteries. Ionic Liquid-Enhanced Solid State Electrolyte Interface (SEI) for Lithium Sulfur Batteries....

412

OpenStudio Enhancements for Whole-Building Daylighting, Airflow...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Enhancements for Whole-Building Daylighting, Airflow, and Energy Modeling Leveraging Interoperable Building Information Modeling Data - 2014 BTO Peer Review OpenStudio Enhancements...

413

NASA-MSU PROFESSIONAL ENHANCEMENT AWARDS APPLICATION FORM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NASA-MSU PROFESSIONAL ENHANCEMENT AWARDS APPLICATION FORM I. PERSONAL INFORMATION (Please PRINT and support this application for an NASA-MSU Professional Enhancement Award. ____________ Name (please print

Wu, Jianguo "Jingle"

414

Development of a Micropyrolyzer for Enhanced Isotope Ratio Measurement...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Micropyrolyzer for Enhanced Isotope Ratio Measurement. Development of a Micropyrolyzer for Enhanced Isotope Ratio Measurement. Abstract: This paper presents design, fabrication and...

415

Enhanced Activity and Stability of Pt catalysts on Functionalized...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Enhanced Activity and Stability of Pt catalysts on Functionalized Graphene Sheets for Electrocatalytic Oxygen Reduction . Enhanced Activity and Stability of Pt catalysts on...

416

Enhanced Geothermal Systems Documents for Public Comment - Now...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Enhanced Geothermal Systems Documents for Public Comment - Now Closed Enhanced Geothermal Systems Documents for Public Comment - Now Closed February 28, 2012 - 3:41pm Addthis ****...

417

Guatemala-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Guatemala-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) Jump to: navigation, search Name Guatemala-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

418

Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) Jump to: navigation, search Name Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

419

Arginine-Containing Ligands Enhance H-2 Oxidation Catalyst Performance...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Arginine-Containing Ligands Enhance H-2 Oxidation Catalyst Performance. Arginine-Containing Ligands Enhance H-2 Oxidation Catalyst Performance. Abstract: In H2 fuel cells,...

420

Exsolution Enhanced Oil Recovery with Concurrent CO2 Sequestration...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Exsolution Enhanced Oil Recovery with Concurrent CO2 Sequestration. Exsolution Enhanced Oil Recovery with Concurrent CO2 Sequestration. Abstract: A novel EOR method using...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alcohol enhancement cxs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Fuel Additive Strategies for Enhancing the Performance of Engines...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Additive Strategies for Enhancing the Performance of Engines and Engine Oils Fuel Additive Strategies for Enhancing the Performance of Engines and Engine Oils 2003 DEER Conference...

422

Multilayered YSZ/GZO films with greatly enhanced ionic conduction...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

YSZGZO films with greatly enhanced ionic conduction for low temperature solid oxide fuel cells. Multilayered YSZGZO films with greatly enhanced ionic conduction for...

423

Guide to Using Combined Heat and Power for Enhancing Reliability...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Guide to Using Combined Heat and Power for Enhancing Reliability and Resiliency in Buildings Guide to Using Combined Heat and Power for Enhancing Reliability and Resiliency in...

424

Enhanced Geothermal in Nevada: Extracting Heat From the Earth...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Enhanced Geothermal in Nevada: Extracting Heat From the Earth to Generate Sustainable Power Enhanced Geothermal in Nevada: Extracting Heat From the Earth to Generate Sustainable...

425

Amino acid treatment enhances protein recovery from sediment...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

treatment enhances protein recovery from sediment and soils for metaproteomic studies . Amino acid treatment enhances protein recovery from sediment and soils for metaproteomic...

426

DOE and Partners Test Enhanced Geothermal Systems Technologies...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

DOE and Partners Test Enhanced Geothermal Systems Technologies DOE and Partners Test Enhanced Geothermal Systems Technologies February 20, 2008 - 4:33pm Addthis DOE has embarked on...

427

National SCADA Test Bed - Enhancing control systems security...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SCADA Test Bed - Enhancing control systems security in the energy sector (September 2009) National SCADA Test Bed - Enhancing control systems security in the energy sector...

428

Fracture Characterization in Enhanced Geothermal Systems by Wellbore...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fracture Characterization in Enhanced Geothermal Systems by Wellbore and Reservoir Analysis Fracture Characterization in Enhanced Geothermal Systems by Wellbore and Reservoir...

429

Nevada Deploys Grid-Connected Electricity from Enhanced Geothermal...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Nevada Deploys Grid-Connected Electricity from Enhanced Geothermal Systems Nevada Deploys Grid-Connected Electricity from Enhanced Geothermal Systems May 16, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis...

430

First Commercial Success for Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Commercial Success for Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) Spells Exponential Growth for Geothermal Energy First Commercial Success for Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) Spells...

431

Energy Department Announces $10 Million to Speed Enhanced Geothermal...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Department Announces 10 Million to Speed Enhanced Geothermal Systems into the Market Energy Department Announces 10 Million to Speed Enhanced Geothermal Systems into the...

432

Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) - the Future of Geothermal...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) - the Future of Geothermal Energy Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) - the Future of Geothermal Energy October 28, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis While the...

433

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Develop Enhanced...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Enhanced Nuclear Safeguards Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Develop Enhanced Nuclear Safeguards GNEP will help prevent misuse of civilian nuclear facilities for...

434

Enhanced High and Low Temperature Performance of NOx Reduction...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Enhanced High and Low Temperature Performance of NOx Reduction Materials Enhanced High and Low Temperature Performance of NOx Reduction Materials 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells...

435

Sorption-Enhanced Synthetic Natural Gas (SNG) Production from...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sorption-Enhanced Synthetic Natural Gas (SNG) Production from Syngas: A Novel Process Combining CO Methanation, Water-Gas Shift, Sorption-Enhanced Synthetic Natural Gas (SNG)...

436

Role of Metal Coordination Structures in Enhancement of Electrocatalyt...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Structures in Enhancement of Electrocatalytic Activity of Ternary Nanoalloys for Oxygen Reduction Role of Metal Coordination Structures in Enhancement of Electrocatalytic...

437

Energy and Defense Departments Announce Agreement to Enhance...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Agreement to Enhance Cooperation on Clean Energy and Strengthen Energy Security Energy and Defense Departments Announce Agreement to Enhance Cooperation on Clean Energy and...

438

Plasmon-Induced Optical Field Enhancement studied by Correlated...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Plasmon-Induced Optical Field Enhancement studied by Correlated Scanning and Photoemission Electron Microscopy. Plasmon-Induced Optical Field Enhancement studied by Correlated...

439

NDE 701: Enhanced Resonance Inspection for Light Metal Castings...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NDE 701: Enhanced Resonance Inspection for Light Metal Castings NDE 701: Enhanced Resonance Inspection for Light Metal Castings Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle...

440

Alabama Injection Project Aimed at Enhanced Oil Recovery, Testing...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Alabama Injection Project Aimed at Enhanced Oil Recovery, Testing Important Geologic CO2 Storage Alabama Injection Project Aimed at Enhanced Oil Recovery, Testing Important...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alcohol enhancement cxs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Enhanced Public Participation - A State's Perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An initiative was started in 2004 to enhance public participation across all of the environmental programs within South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC). The initiative originated as a result of public meetings that created distrust of our Agency within the State's communities. The effort to enhance public participation focused on ways to involve the public more in decisions effecting their health and environment within their communities. Tools and techniques were created and are now used by SCDHEC and continuously evaluated in the process known as enhanced public participation. Enhanced public participation efforts are required for all significant permitting, environmental cleanup and corrective action activities affecting communities within South Carolina. We recognized that public participation is essential to the ability of the SCDHEC to provide outstanding customer service as well as to establish and maintain trust within the community. This paper will describe the development of the program and the results of the implementation of the enhanced public participation using examples of facilities that manage hazardous wastes, high-level radioactive wastes, low-level radioactive wastes as well as mixed waste. (authors)

Wingard, R.W.; Jenkins, S.E. [South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC), Columbia SC (Colombia)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Videographic enhancement of GRASS imagery: Recent advances  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Geographic Resource Analysis Support System (GRASS), a geographic information system, has been fielded at approximately 50 US Army training installations as a land-management decision-making tool. Use of the GRASS geographic information system involves the production of numerous digital maps of environmental parameters, such as elevation, soils, hydrography, etc. A recently emerging technology called computer videographics can be used to graphically enhance GRASS images, thereby creating new ways to visualize GRASS analysis results. The project described in this report explored the enhancement of GRASS images through the use of videographic technology. General image quality of videographically enhanced GRASS images was improved through the use of high-resolution imagery and improved software. Several new types of geographic data visualizations were developed, including three-dimensional shaded-relief maps of GRASS data, overlay of GRASS images with satellite images, and integration of computer-aided-design imagery with GRASS images. GRASS images were successfully enhanced using Macintosh hardware and software, rather than the DOS-based equipment used previously. Images scanned with a document scanner were incorporated into GRASS imagery, and enhanced images were output in an S-VHS high-resolution video format.

Sullivan, R.G.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Genetic Engineering of Algae for Enhanced Biofuel Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...expressed sequence tag analysis of life cycle stages of Laminaria digitata (Phaeophyceae...mutant is defective in the R1 protein, a general regulator of starch degradation in plants...biohydrogen, starch-derived alcohols, diesel fuel surrogates, and/or alkanes...

Randor Radakovits; Robert E. Jinkerson; Al Darzins; Matthew C. Posewitz

2010-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

444

Residential Enhanced Rewards Program | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Residential Enhanced Rewards Program Residential Enhanced Rewards Program Residential Enhanced Rewards Program < Back Eligibility Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Program Info Funding Source Focus on Energy Expiration Date 05/31/2013 State Wisconsin Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Natural Gas Furnace: $475 Furnace with ECM (natural gas, propane, or oil-fired): $850 Hot-Water Boiler ( Natural Gas Furnace with AC: $1,500 Provider Focus on Energy Focus on Energy offers incentives for income-qualifying customers for the purchase of high efficiency heating equipment. Owner-occupied single-family and multifamily residences of 3 units or less are eligible for the incentives. Applicants must be able to document a gross household income of

445

OXYGEN ENHANCED COMBUSTION FOR NOx CONTROL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This quarterly technical progress report will summarize work accomplished for the Program through the fourth quarter January-March 2001 in the following task areas: Task 1 - Oxygen Enhanced Combustion, Task 2 - Oxygen Transport Membranes and Task 4 - Program Management. This report will also recap the results of the past year. The program is proceeding in accordance with the objectives for the first year. OTM material characterization was completed. 100% of commercial target flux was demonstrated with OTM disks. The design and assembly of Praxair's single tube high-pressure test facility was completed. The production of oxygen with a purity of better than 99.5% was demonstrated. Coal combustion testing was conducted at the University of Arizona. Modest oxygen enhancement resulted in NOx emissions reduction. The injector for oxygen enhanced coal based reburning was conducted at Praxair. Combustion modeling with Keystone boiler was completed. Pilot-scale combustion test furnace simulations continued this quarter.

David R. Thompson; Lawrence E. Bool; Jack C. Chen

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

OXYGEN ENHANCED COMBUSTION FOR NOx CONTROL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This quarterly technical progress report will summarize work accomplished for the Program through the thirteenth quarter, April-June 2003, in the following task areas: Task 1--Oxygen Enhanced Combustion, Task 3--Economic Evaluation and Task 4--Program Management. The program is proceeding in accordance with project objectives. REI's model was modified to evaluate mixing issues in the upper furnace of a staged unit. Analysis of the results, and their potential application to this unit is ongoing. Economic evaluation continues to confirm the advantage of oxygen-enhanced combustion. A contract for a commercial demonstration has been signed with the Northeast Generation Services Company to supply oxygen and license the oxygen enhanced low NOx combustor technology for use at the 147-megawatt coal fired Mt. Tom Station in Holyoke, MA. Commercial proposals have been submitted. Economic analysis of a beta site test performance was conducted.

David R. Thompson; Lawrence E. Bool; Jack C. Chen

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

GHz Resonant Cavity Enhanced Schottky Photodiodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Resonant Cavity Enhanced (RCE) photodiodes are promising candidates for applications in optical communications and interconnects where ultrafast high-efficiency detection is desirable. We have designed and fabricated RCE Schottky photodiodes in the (Al,In)GaAs material system for 900nm wavelength. The observed temporal response with 10 ps pulse width was limited by the measurement setup and a conservative estimation of the bandwidth corresponds to more than 100 GHz. A direct comparison of RCE versus conventional detector performance was performed by high speed measurements under optical excitation at resonant wavelength (895 nm) and at 840 nm where the device functions as a single pass conventional photodiode. A more than two-fold bandwidth enhancement with the RCE detection scheme was demonstrated. Index Terms--- Resonant cavity enhancement, high-speed, photodetector, Schottky photodiode. 1 I. INTRODUCTION High speed photodetectors for today's high performance optical co...

Onat Gokkavas Ozbay; B. M. Onat; M. Gokkavas; E. P. Ata; E. Towe; M. S

448

Enhanced photoacoustic detection using photonic crystal substrate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper demonstrates the enhanced photoacoustic sensing of surface-bound light absorbing molecules and metal nanoparticles using a one-dimensional photonic crystal (PC) substrate. The PC structure functions as an optical resonator at the wavelength where the analyte absorption is strong. The optical resonance of the PC sensor provides an intensified evanescent field with respect to the excitation light source and results in enhanced optical absorption by surface-immobilized samples. For the analysis of a light absorbing dye deposited on the PC surface, the intensity of photoacoustic signal was enhanced by more than 10-fold in comparison to an un-patterned acrylic substrate. The technique was also applied to detect gold nanorods and exhibited more than 40 times stronger photoacoustic signals. The demonstrated approach represents a potential path towards single molecule absorption spectroscopy with greater performance and inexpensive instrumentation.

Zhao, Yunfei; Liu, Kaiyang [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States); McClelland, John [Ames Laboratory-USDOE, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States); Department of Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States); Department of Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Molecular Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States); Lu, Meng, E-mail: menglu@iastate.edu [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States); Department of Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

449

Does coherence enhance transport in photosynthesis?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent observations of coherence in photosynthetic complexes have led to the question of whether quantum effects can occur in vivo, not under femtosecond laser pulses but in incoherent sunlight and at steady state, and, if so, whether the coherence explains the high exciton transfer efficiency. We distinguish several types of coherence and show that although some photosynthetic pathways are partially coherent processes, photosynthesis in nature proceeds through stationary states. This distinction allows us to rule out several mechanisms of transport enhancement in sunlight. In particular, although they are crucial for understanding exciton transport, neither wavelike motion nor microscopic coherence, on their own, enhance the efficiency. By contrast, two partially coherent mechanisms---ENAQT and supertransfer---can enhance transport even in sunlight and thus constitute motifs for the optimisation of artificial sunlight harvesting. Finally, we clarify the importance of ultrafast spectroscopy in understanding incoherent processes.

Ivan Kassal; Joel Yuen-Zhou; Saleh Rahimi-Keshari

2012-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

450

Does coherence enhance transport in photosynthesis?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent observations of coherence in photosynthetic complexes have led to the question of whether quantum effects can occur in vivo, not under femtosecond laser pulses but in incoherent sunlight and at steady state, and, if so, whether the coherence explains the high exciton transfer efficiency. We distinguish several types of coherence and show that although some photosynthetic pathways are partially coherent processes, photosynthesis in nature proceeds through stationary states. This distinction allows us to rule out several mechanisms of transport enhancement in sunlight. In particular, although they are crucial for understanding exciton transport, neither wavelike motion nor microscopic coherence, on their own, enhance the efficiency. By contrast, two partially coherent mechanisms---ENAQT and supertransfer---can enhance transport even in sunlight and thus constitute motifs for the optimisation of artificial sunlight harvesting. Finally, we clarify the importance of ultrafast spectroscopy in understanding i...

Kassal, Ivan; Rahimi-Keshari, Saleh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

CX-002268: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CX-002268: Categorical Exclusion Determination From Sensing to Enhancing the Brain Processes CX(s) Applied: B3.12 Date: 02252010 Location(s): Albuquerque, New Mexico...

452

CX-002289: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Exclusion Determination Cavitation Pretreatment of a Flotation Feedstock for Enhanced Coal Recovery CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 05192010 Location(s): Lexington, Kentucky...

453

Fossil Energy Research Benefits Enhanced Oil Recovery  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Research Benefits Energy Research Benefits Enhanced Oil Recovery EOR helps increase domestic oil supplies while also providing a way to safely and permanently store CO 2 underground. Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) is a way to squeeze out additional, hard- to-recover barrels of oil remaining in older fields following conventional production operations. It can also be used to permanently store carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) underground. Thanks in part to innovations supported by the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) over the past 30 years, the United States is a world leader in the number of EOR projects (200) and volume of oil production (over

454

Summary report on the Enhancement-led institutional review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Summary report on the Enhancement-led institutional review University of Glasgow APRIL 2010 #12 reviews of higher education institutions. In Scotland, this process is known as Enhancement-led and Wales. The enhancement-led approach ELIR is one element of the Quality Enhancement Framework which

Guo, Zaoyang

455

TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY QUALITY ENHANCEMENT PLAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Texas A&M University at Galveston, has recommended a Quality Enhancement Plan (QEP) to be used as part1 TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY QUALITY ENHANCEMENT PLAN 2002 Prepared by the Quality Enhancement Committee Internationalization 21 Technology 22 Section 3: The Texas A&M University Quality Enhancement Plan

456

Ethanol exposure impairs glutamatergic synaptic transmission and plasticity in the ca1 hippocampal region during the third trimester-equivalent of human pregnancy : implications for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder results from developmental exposure to ethanol. Although many organ systems are targeted by this teratogen, the central nervous system is exquisitely… (more)

Puglia, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Enhanced Thermal Stability in Nanostructured Bainitic Steel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Cambridge, U.K. bMaterials Engineering and Industrial Technologies, University of Trento, Italy c austenite can enhance the ductility and in- creases the work hardening rate, retarding plastic instability. Without modification, these temperatures are known to remove all of the retained austenite after 15

Cambridge, University of

458

SITE BUILDER: ENHANCEMENTS TO THE UNIVERSITY'S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SITE BUILDER: ENHANCEMENTS TO THE UNIVERSITY'S WEB CONTENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Web Content Services · Future directions · Resources · Questions #12;WHAT IS THE WEB? · a connection · a destination · a service and maintain effective websites." #12;WHO HELPS YOU MAINTAIN THE WEB? Web Content Services & ccwebworks #12;WEB

Oyet, Alwell

459

A ROADMAP FOR TECHNOLOGY ENHANCED PROFESSIONAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A ROADMAP FOR TECHNOLOGY ENHANCED PROFESSIONAL LEARNING (TEPL) Network of Excellence Commerciales, France, dang@hec.fr (VS5) - Tapio Koskinen, Helsinki University of Technology, Finland, tapio for engaging themselves in open and constructive dialogue with the Roadmapping team and for their contributions

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

460

Enhancing Compiler Techniques for Memory Energy Optimizations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the total energy consumption equation. 1 Introduction As the market for embedded systems continues to growEnhancing Compiler Techniques for Memory Energy Optimizations Joseph Zambreno1 , Mahmut Taylan Evanston IL 60208, USA {zambro1,choudhar}@ece.northwestern.edu 2 Microsystems Design Lab Pennsylvania State

Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alcohol enhancement cxs" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Enhanced Joule Heating in Umbral Dots  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a study of magnetic profiles of umbral dots (UDs) and its consequences on the Joule heating mechanisms. Hamedivafa (2003) studied Joule heating using vertical component of magnetic field. In this paper UDs magnetic profile has been investigated including the new azimuthal component of magnetic field which might explain the relatively larger enhancement of Joule heating causing more brightness near circumference of UD.

Chandan Joshi; Lokesh Bharti; S. N. A. Jaaffrey

2007-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

462

Workplace Training Module: Enhancing Ecotourism Business Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Workplace Training Module: Enhancing Ecotourism Business Performance (Level 5 ­ 10 credits as part on understanding best practice in ecotourism development and management (see second part of Appendix 1). The module focuses on the ecotourism business dimension ­ emphasizing best case examples of what creates successful

463

Estimate octane numbers using an enhanced method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An improved model, based on the Twu-Coon method, is not only internally consistent, but also retains the same level of accuracy as the previous model in predicting octanes of gasoline blends. The enhanced model applies the same binary interaction parameters to components in each gasoline cut and their blends. Thus, the enhanced model can blend gasoline cuts in any order, in any combination or from any splitting of gasoline cuts and still yield the identical value of octane number for blending the same number of gasoline cuts. Setting binary interaction parameters to zero for identical gasoline cuts during the blending process is not required. The new model changes the old model`s methodology so that the same binary interaction parameters can be applied between components inside a gasoline cut as are applied to the same components between gasoline cuts. The enhanced model is more consistent in methodology than the original model, but it has equal accuracy for predicting octane numbers of gasoline blends, and it has the same number of binary interaction parameters. The paper discusses background, enhancement of the Twu-Coon interaction model, and three examples: blend of 2 identical gasoline cuts, blend of 3 gasoline cuts, and blend of the same 3 gasoline cuts in a different order.

Twu, C.H.; Coon, J.E. [Simulation Sciences Inc., Brea, CA (United States)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Enhanced EP halftones with hexagonal dot packing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhanced EP halftones with hexagonal dot packing Tomasz J. Cholewo, Steve Weed, Brian Cooper advantages for electropho- tographic (EP) printing over conventional dot placement on a square grid [1] reported that hexagonal dot packing could have some unique benefits for EP printing. These were

Cholewo, Tomasz

465

ACOUSTIC FORMING FOR ENHANCED DEWATERING AND FORMATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The next generation of forming elements based on acoustic excitation to increase drainage and enhances formation both with on-line control and profiling capabilities has been investigated in this project. The system can be designed and optimized based on the fundamental experimental and computational analysis and investigation of acoustic waves in a fiber suspension flow and interaction with the forming wire.

Cyrus K Aidun

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

466

Coloured oil droplets enhance colour discrimination  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...22 June 2003 research-article Coloured oil droplets enhance colour discrimination M...birds contain coloured retinal filters-oil droplets. Although these filters are widespread...remains uncertain. To understand why coloured oil droplets appeared and were retained during...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Enhancing Peer Review Survey Results Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhancing Peer Review Survey Results Report Published May 2013 #12;1 | E n h a n c i n g P e e r R Review surveys, conducted in spring 2012, elicited opinions about the NIH peer surveys were conducted, focusing on areas that represent core peer review

Bandettini, Peter A.

468

ENHANCING PEER REVIEW -UPDATE November 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENHANCING PEER REVIEW - UPDATE November 2008 Preparing for Changes in Peer Review The first stages of implementation of changes in NIH peer review will begin in January and February 2009. These changes will be timed to apply to all three standard review/award cycles in each fiscal year. Please see the chart below showing

Bandettini, Peter A.

469

Enhanced Absorption Induced by a Metallic Nanoshell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhanced Absorption Induced by a Metallic Nanoshell Roi Baer* Department of Physical Chemistry ABSTRACT Nanoshells have been previously shown to have tunable absorption frequencies that are dependent on the ratio of their inner and outer radii. Inspired by this, we ask: can a nanoshell increase the absorption

Baer, Roi

470

Enhanced integrated nonthermal treatment system study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the Enhanced Nonthermal Treatment Systems (ENTS) study is to evaluate alternative configurations of one of the five systems evaluated in the Integrated Nonthermal Treatment Systems (INTS) study. Five alternative configurations are evaluated. Each is designed to enhance the final waste form performance by replacing grout with improved stabilization technologies, or to improve system performance by improving the destruction efficiency for organic contaminants. AU enhanced systems are alternative configurations of System NT-5, which has the following characteristics: Nonthermal System NT-5: (1) catalytic wet oxidation (CWO) to treat organic material including organic liquids, sludges, and soft (or combustible) debris, (2) thermal desorption of inorganic sludge and process residue, (3) washing of soil and inorganic debris with treatment by CWO of removed organic material, (4) metal decontamination by abrasive blasting, (5) stabilization of treated sludge, soil, debris, and untreated debris with entrained contamination in grout, and (6) stabilization of inorganic sludge, salts and secondary waste in polymer. System NT-5 was chosen because it was designed to treat combustible debris thereby minimizing the final waste form volume, and because it uses grout for primary stabilization. The enhanced nonthermal systems were studied to determine the cost and performance impact of replacing grout (a commonly used stabilization agent in the DOE complex) with improved waste stabilization methods such as vitrification and polymer.

Biagi, C.; Schwinkendorf, B.; Teheranian, B.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Enhanced Thin Film Organic Photovoltaic Devices  

Energy Innovation Portal (Marketing Summaries) [EERE]

A novel structure design for thin film organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices provides a system for increasing the optical absorption in the active layer. The waveguided structure permits reduction of the active layer thickness, resulting in enhanced charge collection and extraction, leading to improved power conversion efficiency compared to standard OPV devices....

2014-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

472

Broadband solar absorption enhancement via periodic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Broadband solar absorption enhancement via periodic nanostructuring of electrodes Michael M. Adachi Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G4, Canada, 2 Province, 230009, P. R. China. Solution processed colloidal quantum dot (CQD) solar cells have great

473

Transition metal complexes of oxazolinylboranes and cyclopentadienyl-bis(oxazolinyl)borates: Catalysts for asymmetric olefin hydroamination and acceptorless alcohol decarbonylation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The research presented and discussed in this dissertation involves the synthesis of transition metal complexes of oxazolinylboranes and cyclopentadienyl-bis(oxazolinyl)borates, and their application in catalytic enantioselective olefin hydroamination and acceptorless alcohol decarbonylation. Neutral oxazolinylboranes are excellent synthetic intermediates for preparing new borate ligands and also developing organometallic complexes. Achiral and optically active bis(oxazolinyl)phenylboranes are synthesized by reaction of 2-lithio-2-oxazolide and 0.50 equiv of dichlorophenylborane. These bis(oxazolinyl)phenylboranes are oligomeric species in solid state resulting from the coordination of an oxazoline to the boron center of another borane monomer. The treatment of chiral bis(oxazolinyl)phenylboranes with sodium cyclopentadienide provide optically active cyclopentadienyl-bis(oxazolinyl)borates H[PhB(C{sub 5}H{sub 5})(Ox{sup R}){sub 2}] [Ox{sup R} = Ox{sup 4S-iPr,Me2}, Ox{sup 4R-iPr,Me2}, Ox{sup 4S-tBu]}. These optically active proligands react with an equivalent of M(NMe{sub 2}){sub 4} (M = Ti, Zr, Hf) to afford corresponding cyclopentadienyl-bis(oxazolinyl)borato group 4 complexes {PhB(C{sub 5}H{sub 4})(Ox{sup R}){sub 2}}M(NMe{sub 2}){sub 2} in high yields. These group 4 compounds catalyze cyclization of aminoalkenes at room temperature or below, providing pyrrolidine, piperidine, and azepane with enantiomeric excesses up to 99%. Our mechanistic investigations suggest a non-insertive mechanism involving concerted C?N/C?H bond formation in the turnover limiting step of the catalytic cycle. Among cyclopentadienyl-bis(oxazolinyl)borato group 4 catalysts, the zirconium complex {PhB(C{sub 5}H{sub 4})(Ox{sup 4S-iPr,Me2}){sub 2}}Zr(NMe{sub 2}){sub 2} ({S-2}Zr(NMe{sub 2}){sub 2}) displays highest activity and enantioselectivity. Interestingly, {S-2}Zr(NMe{sub 2}){sub 2} also desymmetrizes olefin moieties of achiral non-conjugated aminodienes and aminodiynes during cyclization. The cyclization of aminodienes catalyzed by {S-2}Zr(NMe{sub 2}){sub 2} affords diastereomeric mixture of cis and trans cylic amines with high diasteromeric ratios and excellent enantiomeric excesses. Similarly, the desymmetrization of alkyne moieties in {S-2}Zr(NMe{sub 2}){sub 2}-catalyzed cyclization of aminodiynes provides corresponding cyclic imines bearing quaternary stereocenters with enantiomeric excesses up to 93%. These stereoselective desymmetrization reactions are significantly affected by concentration of the substrate, temperature, and the presence of a noncyclizable primary amine. In addition, both the diastereomeric ratios and enantiomeric excesses of the products are markedly enhanced by N-deuteration of the substrates. Notably, the cationic zirconium-monoamide complex [{S-2}Zr(NMe{sub 2})][B(C{sub 6}F{sub 5}){sub 4}] obtained from neutral {S-2}Zr(NMe{sub 2}){sub 2} cyclizes primary aminopentenes providing pyrrolidines with S-configuration; whereas {S-2}Zr(NMe{sub 2}){sub 2} provides R-configured pyrrolidines. The yttrium complex {S-2}YCH{sub 2}SiMe{sub 3} also affords S-configured pyrrolidines by cyclization of aminopentenes, however the enantiomeric excesses of products are low. An alternative optically active yttrium complex {PhB(C{sub 5}H{sub 4})(Ox{sup 4S-tBu}){sub 2}}YCH{sub 2}SiMe{sub 3} ({S-3}YCH{sub 2}SiMe{sub 3}) is synthesized, which displays highly enantioselective in the cyclization of aminoalkenes at room temperature affording S-configured cyclic amines with enantiomeric excesses up to 96%. A noninsertive mechanism involving a six-membered transition state by a concerted C?N bond formation and N?H bond cleavage is proposed for {S-3}YCH{sub 2}SiMe{sub 3} system based on the kinetic, spectroscopic, and stereochemical features. In the end, a series of bis- and tris(oxazolinyl)borato iridium and rhodium complexes are synthesized with bis(oxazolinyl)phenylborane [PhB(Ox{sup Me2}){sub 2}]{sub n}, tris(oxazolinyl)borane [B(Ox{sup Me2}){sub 3}]n, and tris(4,4-dimethyl-2-oxazolinyl)phenylborate [To{sup M}]{sup ?}. All these new an

Manna, Kuntal [Ames Laboratory

2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

474

ChIP-seq Identification of Weakly Conserved Heart Enhancers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accurate control of tissue-specific gene expression plays a pivotal role in heart development, but few cardiac transcriptional enhancers have thus far been identified. Extreme non-coding sequence conservation successfully predicts enhancers active in many tissues, but fails to identify substantial numbers of heart enhancers. Here we used ChIP-seq with the enhancer-associated protein p300 from mouse embryonic day 11.5 heart tissue to identify over three thousand candidate heart enhancers genome-wide. Compared to other tissues studied at this time-point, most candidate heart enhancers are less deeply conserved in vertebrate evolution. Nevertheless, the testing of 130 candidate regions in a transgenic mouse assay revealed that most of them reproducibly function as enhancers active in the heart, irrespective of their degree of evolutionary constraint. These results provide evidence for a large population of poorly conserved heart enhancers and suggest that the evolutionary constraint of embryonic enhancers can vary depending on tissue type.

Blow, Matthew J.; McCulley, David J.; Li, Zirong; Zhang, Tao; Akiyama, Jennifer A.; Holt, Amy; Plajzer-Frick, Ingrid; Shoukry, Malak; Wright, Crystal; Chen, Feng; Afzal, Veena; Bristow, James; Ren, Bing; Black, Brian L.; Rubin, Edward M.; Visel, Axel; Pennacchio, Len A.

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Nonlinear optical properties of ZnO/poly (vinyl alcohol) nanocomposite films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Extensive studies have already been reported on the optical characteristics of ZnO/polymer nanocomposite films, using a variety of polymers including transparent polymers such as polystyrene, polymethyl methacrylate etc and many interesting results have been established regarding the non linear optical characteristics of these systems. Poly (vinyl alcohol)(PVA) is a water soluble polymer. Though the structural and optical studies of ZnO/PVA nanocomposite films have already been investigated, there are no detailed reports on the nonlinear optical characteristics of ZnO/PVA nanocomposite films, irrespective of the fact that these nanocomposite films can be synthesized using quite easy and cost effective methods. The present work is an attempt to study in detail the nonlinear optical behaviour of ZnO/PVA nanocomposite films using Z-scan technique. Highly transparent ZnO/PVA nanocomposite films were prepared from the ZnO incorporated PVA solution in water using spin coating technique. The ZnO nanoparticles were synthesized by the simple chemical route at room temperature. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy studies show that the ZnO nanoparticles are of size around 10 nm. The ZnO/PVA nanocomposite films were structurally characterized by X-ray diffraction technique, from which the presence of both PVA and ZnO in the nanocomposite was established. The optical absorptive nonlinearity in the nanocomposite films was investigated using open aperture Z-scan technique. The results indicate optical limiting type nonlinearity in the films due to two photon absorption in ZnO with efficiency more than 50%. These films also show a self defocusing type negative nonlinear refraction in closed aperture Z-scan experiment. The present studies indicate that, highly transparent and homogeneous films of ZnO/PVA nanocomposite can be obtained on glass substrates using simple methods, in a highly cost effective way, since PVA is water soluble. These nanocomposite films offer prospects of application as efficient optical limiters to protect light sensitive devices from the possible damage on exposure to high intensity radiation.

Jeeju, P. P., E-mail: jeejupp@gmail.com [Department of Physics, S N M College, Maliankara, Ernakulam, Kerala (India); Jayalekshmi, S., E-mail: jayalekshmi@cusat.ac.in [Division for Research in Advanced Materials, Department of Physics, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi 682 022 (India); Chandrasekharan, K. [Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology, Calicut, Kerala (India)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

476

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Develop Enhanced Nuclear  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Develop Enhanced Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Develop Enhanced Nuclear Safeguards Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Develop Enhanced Nuclear Safeguards GNEP will help prevent misuse of civilian nuclear facilities for nonpeaceful purposes by developing enhanced safeguards programs and technologies. International nuclear safeguards are integral to implementing the GNEP vision of a peaceful expansion of nuclear energy and demonstration of more proliferation-resistant fuel cycle technologies. Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Develop Enhanced Nuclear Safeguards More Documents & Publications GNEP Element:Develop Enhanced Nuclear Safeguards Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Demonstrate Small-Scale

477

Security enhanced with increased vehicle inspections  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Security enhanced with increased vehicle inspections Security enhanced with increased vehicle inspections Security measures increase as of March: vehicle inspections won't delay traffic New increased security procedures meet LANL's security objectives while minimizing impacts on local businesses and tourists. March 23, 2012 The most prominent change is the increase of random inspections of all vehicles transiting the Laboratory, to include West and East Jemez Roads and roadways leading to the main Laboratory administrative area, Technical Area 3 Expect random inspections of all vehicles transiting the Laboratory, to include West and East Jemez Roads and roadways leading to the main Laboratory administrative area, Technical Area 3. Contact Kevin Roark Communications Office (505) 665-9202 Email "We're doing our best to meet our security objectives while minimizing

478

Enhanced heat transfer for thermionic power modules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The thermionic power module is capable of operating at very high heat fluxes, which in turn serve to reduce capital costs. The most efficient operation also requires uniform heat fluxes. The development of enhanced heat transfer systems is required to meet the demand for high heat fluxes (>20 w/cm/sup 2/) at high temperatures (>1500K) which advanced thermionic power modules place upon combustion systems. Energy transfer from the hot combustion gases may take place by convection, radiation, or a combination of radiation and convection. Enhanced convective heat transfer with a jet impingement system has been demonstrated in a thermionic converter. The recently-developed cellular ceramic radiative heat transfer system has also been applied to a thermionic converter. By comparing the jet impingement and cellular ceramic radiative heat transfer systems, an appropriate system may be selected for utilization in advanced thermionic power modules. Results are reported.

Johnson, D.C.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Thermal Decomposition of Bulk K-CoMoSx Mixed Alcohol Catalyst Precursors and Effects on Catalyst Morphology and Performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cobalt molybdenum sulfide-type mixed alcohol catalysts were synthesized via calcination of precipitated bulk sulfides and studied with temperature programmed decomposition analysis. Precursors containing aqueous potassium were also considered. Precipitates thermally decomposed in unique events which released ammonia, carbon dioxide, and sulfur. Higher temperature treatments led to more crystalline and less active catalysts in general with ethanol productivity falling from 203 to 97 g (kg cat){sup -1} h{sup -1} when the calcination temperature was increased from 375 to 500 C. The addition of potassium to the precursor led to materials with crystalline potassium sulfides and good catalytic performance. In general, less potassium was required to promote alcohol selectivity when added before calcination. At calcination temperatures above 350 C, segregated cobalt sulfides were observed, suggesting that thermally decomposed sulfide precursors may contain a mixture of molybdenum and cobalt sulfides instead of a dispersed CoMoS type of material. When dimethyl disulfide was fed to the precursor during calcination, crystalline cobalt sulfides were not detected, suggesting an important role of free sulfur during decomposition.

Menart, M. J.; Hensley, J. E.; Costelow, K. E.

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

480

Rack Module Enhancements of Counting Invariants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a modified rack algebra Z[X] for racks X with finite rack rank N. We use representations of Z[X] into rings, known as rack modules, to define enhancements of the rack counting invariant for classical and virtual knots and links. We provide computations and examples to show that the new invariants are strictly stronger than the unenhanced counting invariant and are not determined by the Jones or Alexander polynomials.

Haas, Aaron; Nelson, Sam; Yuen, Jonah; Zhan, Qingcheng

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Ising cubes with enhanced surface couplings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using Monte Carlo techniques, Ising cubes with ferromagnetic nearest-neighbor interactions and enhanced couplings between surface spins are studied. In particular, at the surface transition, the corner magnetization shows nonuniversal, coupling-dependent critical behavior in the thermodynamic limit. Results on the critical exponent of the corner magnetization are compared to previous findings on two-dimensional Ising models with three intersecting defect lines.

M. Pleimling and W. Selke

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Neuroethical issues in pharmacological cognitive enhancement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Science published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 535 Overview wires.wiley.com/cogsci but instead it has been implicitly assumed that these increases in prescription rates are related to emerging PCE use for cognitive enhancement.1 Survey Responses from... estimation of PCE use, as well as accurate responses of when and why healthy indi- viduals use these drugs (e.g., to increase motivation or attention), is currently lacking. Besides, these sur- veys are based on academics and students’ views who...

Mohamed, Ahmed Dahir

2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

483

Acoustic enhancement for photo detecting devices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Provided are improvements to photo detecting devices and methods for enhancing the sensitivity of photo detecting devices. A photo detecting device generates an electronic signal in response to a received light pulse. An electro-mechanical acoustic resonator, electrically coupled to the photo detecting device, damps the electronic signal and increases the signal noise ratio (SNR) of the electronic signal. Increased photo detector standoff distances and sensitivities will result.

Thundat, Thomas G; Senesac, Lawrence R; Van Neste, Charles W

2013-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

484

Video enhancement of dental radiographic films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A prototype video image display system, a real-time analog enhancer (RAE), was compared to conventional viewing conditions with the use of nonscreen dental films. When medium optical density films were evaluated, there was no significant difference in the number of radiographic details detected. Conventional viewing conditions allowed perception of more details when dark films were evaluated; however, the RAE unit allowed the perception of more details when light films were viewed.

Van Dis, M.L.; Beck, F.M.; Miles, D.A. (Ohio State Univ., Columbus (USA))

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

OXYGEN ENHANCED COMBUSTION FOR NOx CONTROL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This quarterly technical progress report will summarize work accomplished for the Program through the eleventh quarter, October-December 2002, in the following task areas: Task 1 - Oxygen Enhanced Combustion, Task 2 - Oxygen Transport Membranes, Task 3 - Economic Evaluation and Task 4 - Program Management. The program is proceeding in accordance with the objectives for the third year. Pilot scale experiments conducted at the University of Utah were aimed at confirming the importance of oxygen injection strategy for different types of burners. CFD modeling at REI was used to better understand the potential for increased corrosion under oxygen enhanced combustion conditions. Data from a full-scale demonstration test in Springfield, MO were analyzed. OTM element development continued with preliminary investigation of an alternative method of fabrication of PSO1d elements. OTM process development continued with long-term testing of a PSO1d element. Economic evaluation has confirmed the advantage of oxygen-enhanced combustion. Proposals have been submitted for two additional beta test sites. A first commercial proposal has been submitted. Economic analysis of a beta site test performance was conducted.

David R. Thompson; Lawrence E. Bool; Jack C. Chen

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

OXYGEN ENHANCED COMBUSTION FOR NOx CONTROL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This quarterly technical progress report will summarize work accomplished for the Program through the fourth quarter January-March 2002 in the following task areas: Task 1--Oxygen Enhanced Combustion, Task 2--Oxygen Transport Membranes, Task 3--Economic Evaluation and Task 4--Program Management. This report will also recap the results of the past year. The program is proceeding in accordance with the objectives for the second year. The first round of pilot scale testing with 3 bituminous coals was completed at the University of Utah. Full-scale testing equipment is in place and experiments are underway. Coal combustion lab-scale testing was completed at the University of Arizona. Modest oxygen enhancement resulted in NOx emissions reduction. Combustion modeling activities continued with pilot-scale combustion test furnace simulations. 75% of target oxygen flux was demonstrated with small PSO1 tube in Praxair's single tube high-pressure test facility. The production of oxygen with a purity of better than 99.999% was demonstrated. Economic evaluation has confirmed the advantage of oxygen-enhanced combustion. Two potential host sites have been identified.

David R. Thompson; Lawrence E. Bool; Jack C. Chen

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Enhanced Bioaccumulation of Heavy Metals by Bacterial Cells Displaying  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhanced Bioaccumulation of Heavy Metals by Bacterial Cells Displaying Synthetic Phytochelatins for enhanced bioaccumulation of toxic metals. Synthetic genes encoding for several metal strategy for develop- ing high-affinity bioadsorbents suitable for heavy metal removal. © 2000 John Wiley

Chen, Wilfred

488

Seawater Enhances the Corrosion of Nuclear Fuel Rods | Photosynthetic...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Seawater Enhances the Corrosion of Nuclear Fuel Rods April 19, 2012 Seawater Enhances the Corrosion of Nuclear Fuel Rods PARC Post Doc Anne-Marie Carey is featured in DOE Frontiers...

489

Phase Transition Enhanced Thermoelectrics From the Resnick Sustainability Institute  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

class of thermoelectric materials, mixed ion-electron conductors. It examines a new method thermoelectric material, Cu2 Se, that shows enhanced efficiency near its structural phase transition temperature and enhancing the thermoelectric effect. Via material engineering, including electrochemical investigations

490

SciTech Connect: Enhanced Superconducting Gaps in Trilayer High...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Enhanced Superconducting Gaps in Trilayer High-Temperature Bi (2) Sr (2) Ca (2) Cu (3) O (10+delta) Cuprate Superconductor Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Enhanced...

491

Frictional Widgets: Enhancing Touch Interfaces with Programmable Friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Frictional Widgets: Enhancing Touch Interfaces with Programmable Friction Abstract Touch the design possibilities offered by augmenting touchscreens with programmable surface friction. Four exemplar of touch interactions can be enhanced when using a touchscreen with dynamically varied surface friction. We

Levesque, Vincent

492

Defect- and Strain-enhanced Cavity Formation and Au Precipitation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Defect- and Strain-enhanced Cavity Formation and Au Precipitation at nano-crystalline ZrO2SiO2Si Interfaces . Defect- and Strain-enhanced Cavity Formation and Au Precipitation at...

493

Serine Deprivation Enhances Anti-neoplastic Activity of Biguanides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...significantly enhanced the tumor growth-inhibitory actions of biguanide treatment. Our results define a dietary manipulation that can enhance the efficacy of biguanides as agents that target blunt cancer cell energy metabolism and tumor growth.

Simon-Pierre Gravel; Laura Hulea; Nader Toban; Elena Birman; Marie-Jose Blouin; Mahvash Zakikhani; Yunhua Zhao; Ivan Topisirovic; Julie St-Pierre; Michael Pollak

494

Double resonance surface enhanced Raman scattering substrates: an intuitive coupled  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Westcott, L. R. Hirsch, J. L. West, and N. J. Halas, "Controlling the surface enhanced Raman effect via

495

Fluid Imaging of Enhanced Geothermal Systems | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Imaging of Enhanced Geothermal Systems Project objectives: Attempting to Image EGS Fracture & Fluid Networks; Employing joint Geophysical Imaging Technologies....

496

Monitoring and Modeling Fluid Flow in a Developing Enhanced Geothermal...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Seismicity; 2010 Geothermal Technology Program Peer Review Report Seismic Fracture Characterization Methods for Enhanced Geothermal Systems; 2010 Geothermal Technology...

497

Social enhancement: re-thinking the role of emerging technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The discussion about human enhancement has been dominated by two main and somehow extreme views. One is the biomedical view, still the dominant view, which sees enhancement as interventions going beyond therapeutic goals. The other is what I refer to ... Keywords: biomedical, ethics, human enhancement, social, technology, transhumanism

Laura Cabrera

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Enhancement-led institutional review University of St Andrews  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhancement-led institutional review University of St Andrews MARCH 2011 #12;� The Quality on our website www.qaa.ac.uk Registered charity numbers 1062746 and SC037786 #12;Enhancement-led institutional review University of St Andrews Introduction 1 This is the report of an Enhancement-led

Brierley, Andrew

499

Summary report on the Enhancement-led institutional review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Summary report on the Enhancement-led institutional review University of St Andrews MARCH 2011 #12 education institutions. In Scotland, this process is known as Enhancement-led institutional review (ELIR). QAA operates equivalent but separate processes in England, Northern Ireland and Wales. The enhancement-led

Brierley, Andrew

500

Enhancing Peer Review Sally Rockey, Ph.D.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhancing Peer Review Sally Rockey, Ph.D. Acting Director, Office of Extramural Research (OER Programs, OER NIH Regional Seminars 2009 #12;2 Enhancing Peer Review at NIH · Cornerstone of the NIH and scientific community NIH Peer Review #12;3 Enhancing Peer Review at NIH · Facilitates changing nature

Grishok, Alla