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Sample records for ak al ar

  1. Xe and Ar nanobubbles in Al studied by photoemission spectroscopy (Journal

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Article) | SciTech Connect Xe and Ar nanobubbles in Al studied by photoemission spectroscopy Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Xe and Ar nanobubbles in Al studied by photoemission spectroscopy We have studied xenon and argon bubbles formed in the subsurface region of Al(111) by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. As a consequence of the nanometer size of the bubbles, the photohole formed by Xe 3d or Ar 2p photoemission is screened by the Al conduction electrons, which substantially

  2. Theoretical study of Al{sub n}V{sup +} clusters and their interaction with Ar

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fernndez, Eva Mara; Vega, Andrs; Balbs, Luis Carlos

    2013-12-07

    Recently, it has been experimentally elucidated whether a V impurity in Al{sub n}V{sup +} clusters occupies an external or an internal site by studying their interaction with argon as a function of cluster size [S. M. Lang, P. Claes, S. Neukermans, and E. Janssens, J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 22, 1508 (2011)]. In the work presented here we studied, by means of density functional theoretic calculations, the structural and electronic properties of Al{sub n}V{sup +} clusters with n = 1421 atoms, as well as the adsorption of a single Ar atom on them. For n < 17 the lowest energy structure of Al{sub n}V{sup +} is related to that of the pure Al {sub n+1}{sup +} cluster with the V atom substituting a surface Al atom. For n ? 17 the V impurity becomes embedded in the cluster, in agreement with the experimental results, and the clusters adopt a fcc-like structure instead of the icosahedral-like skeleton of pure Al {sub n+1}{sup +}. We have studied the binding energy per atom, the second energy difference, and the V and Al atom separation energies, in comparison with those of pure Al {sub n+1}{sup +}. We also studied the adsorption of atomic Ar on endohedral and exohedral V doped clusters. The optimized Ar adsorption geometries are formed with Ar on top of a surface atom (V for n < 17, and Al for n ? 17) without noticeable structural distortion of the host cluster. At the critical size (n = 17) of the exohedral-endohedral transition, the calculated Ar adsorption energy exhibits a drop and the Ar-cluster distance increases drastically, indicating that Ar becomes physisorbed rather than chemisorbed. All these results confirm the assumptions made by the experimentalists when interpreting their measurements.

  3. Ar-40/Ar-39 Age Constraints for the Jaramillo Normal Subchron...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    oxygen isotope, climate record calibration of the astronomical timescale proposed by Johnson (1982) and Shackleton et al. (1990). Ar-40Ar-39 ages of a normally magnetized...

  4. Inductively coupled plasmareactive ion etching of c- and a-plane AlGaN over the entire Al composition range: Effect of BCl{sub 3} pretreatment in Cl{sub 2}/Ar plasma chemistry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shah, Amit P.; Laskar, Masihhur R.; Azizur Rahman, A.; Gokhale, Maheshwar R.; Bhattacharya, Arnab

    2013-11-15

    Inductively coupled plasma (ICP)reactive ion etching (RIE) patterning is a standard processing step for UV and optical photonic devices based on III-nitride materials. There is little research on ICP-RIE of high Al-content AlGaN alloys and for nonpolar nitride orientations. The authors present a comprehensive study of the ICP-RIE of c- and a-plane AlGaN in Cl{sub 2}/Ar plasma over the entire Al composition range. The authors find that the etch rate decreases in general with increasing Al content, with different behavior for c- and a-plane AlGaN. They also study the effect of BCl{sub 3} deoxidizing plasma pretreatment. An ICP deoxidizing BCl{sub 3} plasma with the addition of argon is more efficient in removal of surface oxides from Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}N than RIE alone. These experiments show that Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}N etching is affected by the higher binding energy of AlN and the higher affinity of oxygen to aluminum compared to gallium, with oxides on a-plane AlGaN more difficult to etch as compared to oxides on c-plane AlGaN, specifically for high Al composition materials. The authors achieve reasonably high etch rate (?350 nm/min) for high Al-content materials with a smooth surface morphology at a low DC bias of ??45 VDC.

  5. Al

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on the way to the drip line .... 31 Al 28 Mg 32 Si 12 B + 18 O 30 Al* (-pn) 28 Mg 15 C + 18 O 33 Si* (-pn) 31 Al 16 N + 18 O 34 P* (-pn) 32 Si 15 C 10 7 s...

  6. AR-CITE

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    003796MLTPL00 AR-CITE: Analysis of Search Results for the Clarification and Identification of Technology Emergence

  7. Ak Chin Indian Community- 2004 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Ak-Chin Indian Community will study the feasibility of siting a biopower installation on community lands.

  8. Port Nikiski, AK Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Japan (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Port Nikiski, AK Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Japan (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Port Nikiski, AK Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Japan (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)...

  9. Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Research Participation Program...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Home About USDA ARS About ORISE Current Research Opportunities Site Map Contact ORISE Facebook Twitter Applicants Welcome to the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Research...

  10. AK-CHIN INDIAN COMMUNITY BIOMASS FEASIBILITY STUDY

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    October 20, 2004 2004 L. S. Gold & Associates, Inc. Page 2 October 20, 2004 AK-CHIN ... AK-CHIN INDIAN COMMUNITY BIOMASS FEASIBILITY STUDY Project Team * Leonard S. Gold of L. S. ...

  11. Ak-Chin Indian Community - Biomass Feasibiltiy Study

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    October 19, 2005 2005 L. S. Gold & Associates, Inc. Page 2 October 19, 2005 AK-CHIN ... * Technical Contact: Leonard Gold, Manager Ak-Chin Energy Services L.S. Gold ...

  12. Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Ak-Chin Electric...

  13. Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and Sales - November 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Ak-Chin...

  14. Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and Sales - May 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Ak-Chin Electric...

  15. Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Ak-Chin...

  16. Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and Sales - June 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Ak-Chin Electric...

  17. Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2009 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Ak-Chin...

  18. Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2009 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Ak-Chin...

  19. Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Ak-Chin Electric...

  20. Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and Sales - October 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Ak-Chin...

  1. Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Ak-Chin...

  2. Project Reports for Ak Chin Indian Community- 2004 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Ak-Chin Indian Community will study the feasibility of siting a biopower installation on community lands.

  3. RAPID/Roadmap/18-AK-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Underground Storage Tank Permit (18-AK-a) 18AKA - StorageTankRegistration (1).pdf Error creating...

  4. RAPID/Roadmap/14-AK-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    RAPIDRoadmap14-AK-b < RAPID | Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search RAPID Regulatory and Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal...

  5. RAPID/Roadmap/3-AK-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    RAPIDRoadmap3-AK-a < RAPID | Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search RAPID Regulatory and Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower...

  6. RAPID/Roadmap/17-AK-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    RAPIDRoadmap17-AK-a < RAPID | Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search RAPID Regulatory and Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal...

  7. RAPID/Roadmap/8-AK-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    8-AK-c < RAPID | Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search RAPID Regulatory and Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools...

  8. RAPID/Roadmap/3-AK-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AK-c < RAPID | Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search RAPID Regulatory and Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools...

  9. RAPID/Roadmap/14-AK-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Underground Injection Control Permit (14-AK-c) 14AKCAlaskaUICPermit.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not...

  10. RAPID/Roadmap/6-AK-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Construction Storm Water Permit (6-AK-b) From DEC...

  11. RAPID/Roadmap/14-AK-d | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us 401 Water Quality Certification (14-AK-d) In accordance...

  12. RAPID/Roadmap/15-AK-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Air Quality Permit - Title V Operating Permit (15-AK-c) One of the major initiatives...

  13. Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    August 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority for August 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales...

  14. Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    December 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority for December 2008. Monthly Electric Utility...

  15. RAPID/Roadmap/18-AK-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Hazardous Waste Permit (18-AK-b) The Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation defers to the...

  16. Really Off the Grid: Hooper Bay, AK

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Really Off the Grid - Hooper Bay, AK Old Housing - Energy Efficiency Vintage Hooper Bay Renewable Energy - Before & After DOE Tribal Energy Grant * $200,000 - Energy Efficiency Feasibility Study * Hire & train 2-5 local energy assessors * Energy audits of 24 homes with blower doors, etc. - Reduce energy consumption from air leakage - Moisture/mold issues - Reduce drafts * $7/gallon heating fuel * ~ $0.55/kWh - electricity (over half of households behind on utility payments) Is your house

  17. 244-AR Vault Interim Stabilization Project Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LANEY, T.

    2000-03-24

    The 244-AR Vault Facility, constructed between 1966 and 1968, was designed to provide lag storage and treatment for the Plutonium-Uranium Extraction Facility (PUREX) tank farm sludges. Tank farm personnel transferred the waste from the 244-AR Vault Facility to B Plant for recovery of cesium and strontium. B Plant personnel then transferred the treatment residuals back to the tank farms for storage of the sludge and liquids. The last process operations, which transferred waste supporting the cesium/strontium recovery mission, occurred in April 1978. After the final transfer in 1978, the 244-AR facility underwent a cleanout. However, 2,271 L (600 gal) of sludge were left in Tank 004AR from an earlier transfer from Tank 241-AX-104. When the cleanout was completed, the facility was placed in a standby status. The sludge had been transferred to Tank 004AR to support Pacific Northwest National Laboratory [PNNL] vitrification work. Documentation of waste transfers suggests that a portion of the sludge may have been moved from Tank 004AR to Tank 002AR in preparation for transfer back to the AX Tank Farm; however, quantities of the sludge that were moved to Tank 002AR from that transfer must be estimated.

  18. Mueller Systems ArKion | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mueller Systems ArKion Jump to: navigation, search Name: Mueller Systems (ArKion) Place: Middleboro, Massachusetts Zip: MA 02346 Product: Massachusetts-based energy management...

  19. RAPID/Roadmap/12-AK-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    12-AK-a.1 - Will the Project Affect Streams or Other Bodies of Water? The Anadromous Fish Act (AS 16.05.871-.901) requires that an individual or government agency provide prior...

  20. RAPID/Roadmap/6-AK-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of a load upon a highway. Examples of such vehicles are self-propelled cranes, pump trucks, off-road construction equipment or other road maintenance equipment. 6-AK-a.3 -...

  1. RAPID/Roadmap/7-AK-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Us Power Plant Siting Process (7-AK-a) Add text. 07AKAPowerPlantSitingConstruction.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number...

  2. RAPID/Roadmap/3-AK-h | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Settlement Lands Leasing (3-AK-h) 03AKHAlaskaNativeClaimsSettlementLandsLeasing.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number...

  3. RAPID/Roadmap/13-AK-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Contribute Contact Us State Land Use Assessment (13-AK-a) 13AKALandUseAssessment.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number...

  4. RAPID/Roadmap/15-AK-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Air Quality Assessment Process (15-AK-a) The Clean Air Act is the law that defines the...

  5. RAPID/Roadmap/15-AK-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Air Quality Permit - Minor Permit (15-AK-b) The mission of the Air Permit Program is to...

  6. Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    March 2009 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority for March 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and...

  7. Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    July 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority for July 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and...

  8. Microsoft Word - AR VR rev.1.wpd

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    EA15PC3041-1-0 August 18, 2003 Rev. 1 Page 1 of 1 Working Copy AR/VR Transmittal Register 1. Page 1 of 2. PR/PO Number: 3. Supplier: 4. Buyer: 5. STR or Cognizant Engineer: 6. Project, System, or Equipment Description: 7. AR/VR No. 8. SOW or Spec. No. 9. Description of Submittal or Special Conditions 10. For Approval/ Record 11. Date Due to WTS or Prior to 12. Date Rec. 13. Date to STR 14. Date from STR 15. Disposition A, C, D 16. Resubmittal Required? 17. Date to Supplier 1. Facility Compliance

  9. APPROVAL/VARIATION REQUEST (AR/VR)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    APPROVAL/VARIATION REQUEST (AR/VR) EA15PC3041-2-0 May 30, 2013 Rev. 5 Page 1 of 2 Supplier - enter/complete all applicable blanks and check-boxes (in accordance with attached instructions). 1. APPROVAL REQUEST 2. VARIATION REQUEST - Yes No 3. PO/Subcontract No. 4. AR/VR No. 5. Resubmittal 6. Supplier Company Name 7. Describe request in detail (attach additional documents, if necessary). Reference or list applicable specifications, drawings, document numbers, equipment numbers, etc. If Approval

  10. A.R.S. 11-801 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    A.R.S. 11-801 Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: A.R.S. 11-801Legal Abstract County Planning: Definitions...

  11. A.R.S. 41-865 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: A.R.S. 41-865Legal Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2015 Legal Citation A.R.S. ...

  12. A.R.S. 11-802 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    A.R.S. 11-802 Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: A.R.S. 11-802Legal Abstract County Planning: County planning...

  13. A.R.S. 40-281 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    A.R.S. 40-281 Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: A.R.S. 40-281Legal Abstract Power Plant and Transmission Line...

  14. A.R.S. 40-360 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    A.R.S. 40-360 Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: A.R.S. 40-360Legal Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect...

  15. A.R.S. 40-282 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    A.R.S. 40-282 Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: A.R.S. 40-282Legal Abstract Power Plant and Transmission Line...

  16. A.R.S. 9-462 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    A.R.S. 9-462 Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: A.R.S. 9-462Legal Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect...

  17. Category:Little Rock, AR | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    71 KB SVMediumOffice Little Rock AR Entergy Arkansas Inc.png SVMediumOffice Little ... 68 KB SVMidriseApartment Little Rock AR Entergy Arkansas Inc.png SVMidriseApartment Lit......

  18. ARS 12 - Courts and Civil Proceedings | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ARS 12 - Courts and Civil Proceedings Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: ARS 12 - Courts and Civil ProceedingsLegal...

  19. ALS Spectrum

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Spectrum Print Begun in 2007, ALS Spectrum is a publication that encapsulates the same type of information contained in the ALS Activity Report but in a short, readable,...

  20. Microsoft Word - CCP-AK-LANL-006-Revision 13

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    P2010-3583 CCP-AK-LANL-006 Central Characterization Program Acceptable Knowledge Summary Report For LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY TA-55 MIXED TRANSURANIC WASTE WASTE STREAMS: LA-MHD01.001 LA-CIN01.001 LA-MIN02-V.001 LA-MIN04-S.001 Revision 13 February 10, 2014 Mike Ramirez Printed Name APPROVED FOR USE INFORMATION ONLY CCP-AK-LANL-006, Rev. 13 Effective Date: 02/10/2014 CCP Acceptable Knowledge Summary Report Page 2 of 229 RECORD OF REVISION Revision Number Date Approved Description of Revision

  1. ALS@20

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    tribulations encountered during the construction of the ALS from former Director Jay Marx, current ALS Scientific Director Steve Kevan and Director Roger Falcone talked about...

  2. ALS Spectrum

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Spectrum Print Begun in 2007, ALS Spectrum is a publication that encapsulates the same type of information contained in the ALS Activity Report but in a short, readable,...

  3. MEIS1 functions as a potential AR negative regulator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cui, Liang; Yang, Yutao; Hang, Xingyi; Cui, Jiajun; Gao, Jiangping

    2014-10-15

    The androgen receptor (AR) plays critical roles in human prostate carcinoma progression and transformation. However, the activation of AR is regulated by co-regulators. MEIS1 protein, the homeodomain transcription factor, exhibited a decreased level in poor-prognosis prostate tumors. In this study, we investigated a potential interaction between MEIS1 and AR. We found that overexpression of MEIS1 inhibited the AR transcriptional activity and reduced the expression of AR target gene. A potential proteinprotein interaction between AR and MEIS1 was identified by the immunoprecipitation and GST pull-down assays. Furthermore, MEIS1 modulated AR cytoplasm/nucleus translocation and the recruitment to androgen response element in prostate specific antigen (PSA) gene promoter sequences. In addition, MEIS1 promoted the recruitment of NCoR and SMRT in the presence of R1881. Finally, MEIS1 inhibited the proliferation and anchor-independent growth of LNCaP cells. Taken together, our data suggests that MEIS1 functions as a novel AR co-repressor. - Highlights: A potential interaction was identified between MEIS1 and AR signaling. Overexpression of MEIS1 reduced the expression of AR target gene. MEIS1 modulated AR cytoplasm/nucleus translocation. MEIS1 inhibited the proliferation and anchor-independent growth of LNCaP cells.

  4. Ak-Chin Indian Community Biomass Feasiiblity Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mark A. Moser, RCM Digesters, Inc.; Mark Randall, Daystar Consulting, LLC; Leonard S. Gold, Ak-Chin Energy Services & Utility Strategies Consulting Group

    2005-12-31

    Study of the conversion of chicken litter to biogas for the production of energy. There was an additional requirement that after extracting the energy from the chicken litter the nutrient value of the raw chicken litter had to be returned to the Ak-Chin Farms for use as fertilizer in a form and delivery method acceptable to the Farm.

  5. Kenai, AK Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Japan (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Million Cubic Feet) Kenai, AK Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Japan (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 1,856 1,908 1,915 1,913 1,915...

  6. Industry @ ALS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Industry @ ALS Industry @ ALS ALS, Molecular Foundry, and aBeam Technologies Collaborate to Make Metrology History Print Thursday, 21 January 2016 12:47 A collaboration between Bay Area company aBeam Technologies, the ALS, and the Molecular Foundry is bringing cutting-edge metrology instrumentation to the semiconductor market, which will enable a new level of quality control. Summary Slide Read more... Takeda Advances Diabetes Drug Development at the ALS Print Tuesday, 19 May 2015 12:25 Type 2

  7. ALS Spectrum

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Spectrum Print Begun in 2007, ALS Spectrum is a publication that encapsulates the same type of information contained in the ALS Activity Report but in a short, readable, newsletter-like format. Featured scientific and facility developments are front-paged, and a roundup of science highlights is provided in easily browsable summaries with Web links. Contents also include brief reports from ALS staff and user groups, articles about ALS people and events, and facility updates. These documents

  8. PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF AL-TECH SPECIALTY STEEL CORPORATION WATERVLIET, NEW YORK

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    . PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF AL-TECH SPECIALTY STEEL CORPORATION WATERVLIET, NEW YORK Work performed by the Health and Safety Research Division 3ak Ridge Natior!+l Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830 March 1980 OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY operated by lJNIuN CARBIDE CORPORATIOi; for the DEPARTMEI?T OF EI4ERGY as part of the Formerly Utilized Sites-- Remedial Action Program --, . -. I .__ . . __ .*l-..l- __. ..-_.-- - - _- - .-- AL-TECH SPECIALTY STEEL CORPORATION WATERVLIET, NEW YORK At the

  9. ALS Spectrum

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Spectrum Print Begun in 2007, ALS Spectrum is a publication that encapsulates the same type of information contained in the ALS Activity Report but in a short, readable, newsletter-like format. Featured scientific and facility developments are front-paged, and a roundup of science highlights is provided in easily browsable summaries with Web links. Contents also include brief reports from ALS staff and user groups, articles about ALS people and events, and facility updates. These documents are

  10. http://www.ars.usda.gov/research/publications/Publications.htm...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    - Ed Wagner, Larry Tatarko, John Publications Publications Related National Programs Air Quality (203) Soil Resource Management (202) Page 1 of 2 ARS | Publication request:...

  11. Recovery Act: Waste Energy Project at AK Steel Corporation Middletown

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joyce, Jeffrey

    2012-06-30

    In 2008, Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. (Air Products) began development of a project to beneficially utilize waste blast furnace topgas generated in the course of the iron-making process at AK Steel Corporations Middletown, Ohio works. In early 2010, Air Products was awarded DOE Assistance Agreement DE-EE002736 to further develop and build the combined-cycle power generation facility. In June 2012, Air Products and AK Steel Corporation terminated work when it was determined that the project would not be economically viable at that time nor in the foreseeable future. The project would have achieved the FOA-0000044 Statement of Project Objectives by demonstrating, at a commercial scale, the technology to capture, treat, and convert blast furnace topgas into electric power and thermal energy.

  12. ALS Visitors

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Quick Facts ALS Visitors Print ALS staff members host a variety of scientific, educational, government, and community-related tours each month. April 2014 Congresswoman Jackie Speier, who represents southern San Francisco and northern Peninsula communities, recently spent an afternoon at Berkeley Lab. In addition to an overview of the Lab provided by Lab Director Paul Alivisatos, Speier toured the FLEXLAB and the Advanced Light Source. At the ALS she spoke with Beamline Scientist Ken Goldberg

  13. ALS Spectrum

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    encapsulates the same type of information contained in the ALS Activity Report but in a short, readable, newsletter-like format. Featured scientific and facility developments are...

  14. ALS Visitors

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    February 7. After presentations about climate change research from Margaret Torn, Billy Collins, and others, the group toured the ALS with Director Roger Falcone, and stopped by...

  15. ALS Visitors

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7. After presentations about climate change research from Margaret Torn, Billy Collins, and others, the group toured the ALS with Director Roger Falcone, and stopped by...

  16. A.R.S. 11-804 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: A.R.S. 11-804Legal Abstract This section authorizes counties to develop and adopt...

  17. A.R.S. 41-841 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: A.R.S. 41-841Legal Abstract Archaeological Discoveries Published NA Year Signed or Took...

  18. A.R.S. 41-842 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: A.R.S. 41-842Legal Abstract Discusses the requirement of prior authorization in order to...

  19. A.R.S. 41-861 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: A.R.S. 41-861Legal Abstract This section discusses agency responsibility for the...

  20. A.R.S. 41-843 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: A.R.S. 41-843Legal Abstract Prohibits the unnecessary defacing of an archaeological and...

  1. 49 A.R.S. 201: Definitions | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: 49 A.R.S. 201: DefinitionsLegal Abstract This section contains definitions that relate to water...

  2. A.R.S. 11-811 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: A.R.S. 11-811Legal Abstract This section authorizes counties to adopt zoning ordinances....

  3. ARS 41-1092 Uniform Administrative Hearing Procedures | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    92 Uniform Administrative Hearing Procedures Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: ARS 41-1092 Uniform Administrative...

  4. ARS 41-1072 Licensing Time Frames | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    1-1072 Licensing Time Frames Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: ARS 41-1072 Licensing Time FramesLegal Abstract...

  5. Beta decay of 32Ar for fundamental tests

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    decay of 32 Ar for fundamental tests Chris Wrede University of Washington Argonne-ATLAS user meeting August 8 th , 2009 Outline * 1999 measurement of positron-neutrino correlation...

  6. ARS 40 - Public Utilities and Carriers | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    StatuteStatute: ARS 40 - Public Utilities and CarriersLegal Abstract This title sets forth the statutes for public utilities and carriers in Arizona. Published NA Year Signed...

  7. Combined U-Th/He and 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of post-shield lavas from the Mauna Kea and Kohala volcanoes, Hawaii

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aciego, S.M.; Jourdan, F.; DePaolo, D.J.; Kennedy, B.M.; Renne, P.R.; Sims, K.W.W.

    2009-10-01

    Late Quaternary, post-shield lavas from the Mauna Kea and Kohala volcanoes on the Big Island of Hawaii have been dated using the {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar and U-Th/He methods. The objective of the study is to compare the recently demonstrated U-Th/He age method, which uses basaltic olivine phenocrysts, with {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar ages measured on groundmass from the same samples. As a corollary, the age data also increase the precision of the chronology of volcanism on the Big Island. For the U-Th/He ages, U, Th and He concentrations and isotopes were measured to account for U-series disequilibrium and initial He. Single analyses U-Th/He ages for Hamakua lavas from Mauna Kea are 87 {+-} 40 ka to 119 {+-} 23 ka (2{sigma} uncertainties), which are in general equal to or younger than {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar ages. Basalt from the Polulu sequence on Kohala gives a U-Th/He age of 354 {+-} 54 ka and a {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar age of 450 {+-} 40 ka. All of the U-Th/He ages, and all but one spurious {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar ages conform to the previously proposed stratigraphy and published {sup 14}C and K-Ar ages. The ages also compare favorably to U-Th whole rock-olivine ages calculated from {sup 238}U - {sup 230}Th disequilibria. The U-Th/He and {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar results agree best where there is a relatively large amount of radiogenic {sup 40}Ar (>10%), and where the {sup 40}Ar/{sup 36}Ar intercept calculated from the Ar isochron diagram is close to the atmospheric value. In two cases, it is not clear why U-Th/He and {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar ages do not agree within uncertainty. U-Th/He and {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar results diverge the most on a low-K transitional tholeiitic basalt with abundant olivine. For the most alkalic basalts with negligible olivine phenocrysts, U-Th/He ages were unattainable while {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar results provide good precision even on ages as low as 19 {+-} 4 ka. Hence, the strengths and weaknesses of the U-Th/He and {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar methods are complimentary for basalts with ages of order 100-500 ka.

  8. 1990,"AK","Total Electric Power Industry","All Sources",4208809...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cogen","Petroleum",49092,1984,263 1990,"AK","Industrial Non-Cogen","All ... 1991,"OK","IPP NAICS-22 Cogen","Coal",1984516,4744,7324 1991,"OK","IPP NAICS-22 ...

  9. File:NREL-ak-50m.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search File Edit with form History File:NREL-ak-50m.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Alaska Mainland...

  10. File:NREL-ak2-50m.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    File Edit with form History File:NREL-ak2-50m.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Alaska Panhandle Annual Average Wind Speed at 50 Meters (PDF) Size of...

  11. AL. I

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AL. I Department of Energy Washington, DC 20545 OCT 13 Vii87 Mr. John T. Shields A214 National Fertilizer Development Center Tennessee Valley Authority Muscle Shoals, Alabama 35660 Dear Mr. Shields: As you may know, the Department of Energy (DOE) is evaluating the radiological condition of sites that were utilized under the Manhattan Engineer District and the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) during the early years of nuclear development to determine whether they need remedial action and whether

  12. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Amchitka Island Test Center - AK 01

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Amchitka Island Test Center - AK 01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Amchitka Island Test Center (AK.01) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Amchitka Island Test Center Documents Related to Amchitka Island Test Center DRAFT DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 1998 DRILL SITE CHARACTERIZATION REPORT AMCHITKA ISLAND, ALASKA Draft Long-Term

  13. sup 40 Ar- sup 39 Ar and K-Ar dating of K-rich rocks from the Roccamonfina volcano, Roman Comagmatic Region, Italy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Di Brozolo, F.R.; Di Girolamo, P.; Turi, B.; Oddone, M. )

    1988-06-01

    Roccamonfina is the northernmost Volcano of the Campanian area of the K-rich Roman comagmatic Region of Italy. It erupted a huge amount of pyroclastics and lavas belonging to both the Leucite-Basanite and Leucitite Series (LBLS) and the Shoshonite Series (SS), spread over an area of about 300 km{sup 2}. The above series correspond to the High-K Series (HKS) and Low-K Series (LKS) of Appleton (1971), respectively. {sup 40}Ar-{sup 39}Ar and K-Ar dating of samples from both series gave ages ranging from 0.656 to 0.096 Ma for the SS and from 1.03( ) to 0.053 Ma for the LBLS. These results indicate that the products of the two series were outpoured together at least between 0.7 and 0.1 Ma age, i.e. during both the so-called pre-caldera phase and the post-caldera phase of activity. The latest products of the volcanism at Roccamonfina were erupted just before the deposition of the Grey Campanian Ignimbrite, which erupted from vents located about 50 km to the south in the Phlegrean Fields near Naples and has an age of about 33,000 years. Taking into account all the available all the available radiometric data the authors conclude that Roccamonfina was active between 1.5 and 0.05 Ma ago, in excellent agreement with the stratigraphic evidence. In this same time span is concentrated the activity of all the centers of the Roman Region north of Naples.

  14. 41 A.R.S. 1092 et seq.: Uniform Administrative Hearing Procedures...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    A.R.S. 1092 et seq.: Uniform Administrative Hearing Procedures Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: 41 A.R.S. 1092 et...

  15. NOTES AND COMMENTS REVERE COPPER AR! BRASS DETROIT, MICHIGAN

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    * .t-* . * * - -. _ _ ,.. .I AIT. 4 NOTES AND COMMENTS REVERE COPPER AR! BRASS DETROIT, MICHIGAN A preliminary (screening) survey was conducted in several areas of the Revere Copper and Brass Facility, 5851 W. Jefferson Street, Detroit, Michigan. The survey was conducted by the ANL Radiological Survey Group on April 22, 1981. The Survey Group, consisting of W. Smith, R. Mundis, K. Flynn (all of ANI), and E. Jascewsky (DOE-CH) met on site with J. Evans (Safety Engineer), D. Tratt (Asst.

  16. About the ALS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS About the ALS Print Quick Facts An overview of how the ALS works, its science, funding, capabilities, and history. Mission Statement "Support users in doing outstanding science in a safe environment." ALS in the News Recent stories, press releases, and images featuring ALS staff, users, and science. You can also view ALS visitors and award recipients. Strategic Plan Roadmap for the renewal of ALS facility and scientific programs. Organization ALS organization chart; associated

  17. Kenai, AK Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Russia (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Kenai, AK Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Russia (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Kenai, AK Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Russia (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- 12.12 -- -- 2010's -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 02/29/2016 Next Release Date: 03/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Price

  18. Electrical Resistance Tomographic Profile L2, Site 0, Barrow AK

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hubbard, Susan; Dafflon, Baptiste

    2013-12-08

    Figure 7a in http://esd.lbl.gov/files/about/staff/susanhubbard/PUBLISHED_-_Hubbard-Hydrogeology-2012_with_Gangodagamage_et_al.pdf

  19. Dusty Plasma in He-Ar Glow Discharge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maiorov, S. A.; Ramazanov, T. S.; Dzhumagulova, K. N.; Dosbolayev, M. K.; Jumabekov, A. N.

    2008-09-07

    The paper reports on the first experiments with plasma-dust formations in dc gas discharge plasma for He-Ar mixture. It is shown that under the conventional conditions of the experiments with dusty structures in plasma, the choice of light and heavy gases for the mixture suppresses electron heating in electric field and results in a supersonic jet with high Mach numbers. Distribution functions for drifting ions in the gas mixture are calculated for various mixture concentrations, electric field strengths and gas pressures.

  20. ALS User Meeting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS User Meeting Print web banner ALS User Meeting: October 5-7, 2015 Home Agenda Awards Exhibitors Lodging Posters Registration Transportation Workshops Contact Us User Meeting...

  1. ALS Users' Association Charter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Awards: David A. Shirley Award for Outstanding Scientific Achievement at the ALS Klaus Halbach Award for Innovative Instrumentation at the ALS Tim Renner User Services Award for...

  2. ALS Communications Group

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Communications Group Print From left: Ashley White, Lori Tamura, Keri Troutman, and Carina Braun. The ALS Communications staff maintain the ALS Web site; write and edit all print...

  3. ALS User Meeting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS User Meeting October 3-5, 2011 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, California

  4. ALS Chemistry Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Chemistry Lab Print ALS Chemistry Labs The ALS Chemistry Labs are located in the User Support Building (15-130) and in Building 6 (6-2233)*. These spaces are dedicated for chemistry work that involves higher quantities, higher toxicity or reactivity, and/or more complex work activity than is allowed on the ALS experiment floor. In addition, the great majority of hazardous chemicals at the ALS are stored in these facilities. Standard chemical safety engineering, administrative and PPE

  5. An international land-biosphere model benchmarking activity for the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffman, Forrest M [ORNL; Randerson, James T [ORNL; Thornton, Peter E [ORNL; Bonan, Gordon [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR); Erickson III, David J [ORNL; Fung, Inez [University of California, Berkeley

    2009-12-01

    The need to capture important climate feedbacks in general circulation models (GCMs) has resulted in efforts to include atmospheric chemistry and land and ocean biogeochemistry into the next generation of production climate models, called Earth System Models (ESMs). While many terrestrial and ocean carbon models have been coupled to GCMs, recent work has shown that such models can yield a wide range of results (Friedlingstein et al., 2006). This work suggests that a more rigorous set of global offline and partially coupled experiments, along with detailed analyses of processes and comparisons with measurements, are needed. The Carbon-Land Model Intercomparison Project (C-LAMP) was designed to meet this need by providing a simulation protocol and model performance metrics based upon comparisons against best-available satellite- and ground-based measurements (Hoffman et al., 2007). Recently, a similar effort in Europe, called the International Land Model Benchmark (ILAMB) Project, was begun to assess the performance of European land surface models. These two projects will now serve as prototypes for a proposed international land-biosphere model benchmarking activity for those models participating in the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5). Initially used for model validation for terrestrial biogeochemistry models in the NCAR Community Land Model (CLM), C-LAMP incorporates a simulation protocol for both offline and partially coupled simulations using a prescribed historical trajectory of atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Models are confronted with data through comparisons against AmeriFlux site measurements, MODIS satellite observations, NOAA Globalview flask records, TRANSCOM inversions, and Free Air CO2 Enrichment (FACE) site measurements. Both sets of experiments have been performed using two different terrestrial biogeochemistry modules coupled to the CLM version 3 in the Community Climate System Model version 3 (CCSM3): the CASA model of Fung, et al., and the carbon-nitrogen (CN) model of Thornton. Comparisons of the CLM3 offline results against observational datasets have been performed and are described in Randerson et al. (2009). CLM version 4 has been evaluated using C-LAMP, showing improvement in many of the metrics. Efforts are now underway to initiate a Nitrogen-Land Model Intercomparison Project (N-LAMP) to better constrain the effects of the nitrogen cycle in biosphere models. Presented will be new results from C-LAMP for CLM4, initial N-LAMP developments, and the proposed land-biosphere model benchmarking activity.

  6. TI--CR--AL--O thin film resistors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jankowski, Alan F. (Livermore, CA); Schmid, Anthony P. (Solana Beach, CA)

    2000-01-01

    Thin films of Ti--Cr--Al--O are used as a resistor material. The films are rf sputter deposited from ceramic targets using a reactive working gas mixture of Ar and O.sub.2. Resistivity values from 10.sup.4 to 10.sup.10 Ohm-cm have been measured for Ti--Cr--Al--O film <1 .mu.m thick. The film resistivity can be discretely selected through control of the target composition and the deposition parameters. The application of Ti--Cr--Al--O as a thin film resistor has been found to be thermodynamically stable, unlike other metal-oxide films. The Ti--Cr--Al--O film can be used as a vertical or lateral resistor, for example, as a layer beneath a field emission cathode in a flat panel display; or used to control surface emissivity, for example, as a coating on an insulating material such as vertical wall supports in flat panel displays.

  7. Access to the ALS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Access to the ALS Access to the ALS Print User Access The ALS experiment floor (Building 6) is a Controlled Access Area for radiation protection. All ALS users are required to register with the ALS User Services Office and take safety training (see Complete Safety Training ) before they are issued a Berkeley Lab ID badge and granted access to the facility. Note: Users arriving at the ALS outside registration business hours (Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m.-4:00 p.m.) must notify the User Office in

  8. Uv-preionized ArF and KrF excimer lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheng, S.; Cailai, Y.; Alrong, Y.C.D.

    1981-11-01

    Experimental investigations of UV-preionized ArF and KrF excimer lasers are reported. The output laser energies of 105 mJ for ArF and 185 mJ for KrF are obtained. Effects of various parameters on the laser characteristics are discussed.

  9. Kenai, AK Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to China (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to China (Million Cubic Feet) Kenai, AK Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to China (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 1,127 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 02/29/2016 Next Release Date: 03/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S.

  10. HUD, State of Alaska & AK Regional Housing Authorities: An Energy Efficiency Partnership Success Story

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    HUD, STATE OF ALASKA & AK REGIONAL HOUSING AUTHORITIES |AN ENERGY EFFICIENCY PARTNERSHIP SUCCESS STORY April 29, 2014 Presented by: Dan Duame, Executive Director Aleutian Housing Authority 14 RHA's Created in the early 1970's under Title 18 of Alaska Statues Alaska Native Regional Housing Authority Overview Alaska Native Regional Housing Authority Overview Major conduit for federal, state & private affordable housing funding & services 51 NAHASDA Recipients 14 Regional Housing

  11. ALS Biosciences Crosscutting Review

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Biosciences Crosscutting Review ALS Biosciences Crosscutting Review Print by Steve Kevan and Corie Ralston The ALS organized and recently held a two-day crosscutting review of its bioscience programs. The ALS Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) sponsors these reviews, which are intended to evaluate the performance of entire research subdisciplines served by the facility and to motivate strategic thinking about capabilities and research directions that are ripe for future development. SAC

  12. ALS Communications Group

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Communications Group Print From left: Ashley White, Lori Tamura, Keri Troutman, and Carina Braun. The ALS Communications staff maintain the ALS Web site; write and edit all print and electronic publications for the ALS, including Science Highlights, Science Briefs, brochures, handouts, and the monthly newsletter ALSNews; and create educational and scientific outreach materials. In addition, members of the group organize bi-monthly Science Cafés, create conference and workshop Web sites and

  13. ALS Communications Group

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Communications Group Print From left: Ashley White, Lori Tamura, Keri Troutman, and Carina Braun. The ALS Communications staff maintain the ALS Web site; write and edit all print and electronic publications for the ALS, including Science Highlights, Science Briefs, brochures, handouts, and the monthly newsletter ALSNews; and create educational and scientific outreach materials. In addition, members of the group organize bi-monthly Science Cafés, create conference and workshop Web sites and

  14. Access to the ALS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Access to the ALS Print User Access The ALS experiment floor (Building 6) is a Controlled Access Area for radiation protection. All ALS users are required to register with the ALS User Services Office and take safety training (see Complete Safety Training ) before they are issued a Berkeley Lab ID badge and granted access to the facility. Note: Users arriving at the ALS outside registration business hours (Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m.-4:00 p.m.) must notify the User Office in advance and have all

  15. Access to the ALS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Gate Access Access to the ALS Print User Access The ALS experiment floor (Building 6) is a Controlled Access Area for radiation protection. All ALS users are required to register with the ALS User Services Office and take safety training (see Complete Safety Training ) before they are issued a Berkeley Lab ID badge and granted access to the facility. Note: Users arriving at the ALS outside registration business hours (Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m.-4:00 p.m.) must notify the User Office in advance and

  16. ALS in the News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    feed-image Digg: ALSBerkeleyLab Facebook Page: 208064938929 Flickr: advancedlightsource Twitter: AdvLightSource YouTube: AdvancedLightSource Home About the ALS ALS in the News ALS in the News ALS in the News Print Thursday, 26 February 2015 13:29 Recent Articles Featuring ALS Staff and Science 2015 February New Video: Berkeley Lab's "Who We Are" Grants Give Particle Accelerator Technologies a Boost Details on Presidential Budget Request for DOE R&D DOE Scientists Team up to

  17. Excellent Passivation and Low Reflectivity Al2O3/TiO2 Bilayer Coatings for n-Wafer Silicon Solar Cells: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, B. G.; Skarp, J.; Malinen, V.; Li, S.; Choi, S.; Branz, H. M.

    2012-06-01

    A bilayer coating of Al2O3 and TiO2 is used to simultaneously achieve excellent passivation and low reflectivity on p-type silicon. This coating is targeted for achieving high efficiency n-wafer Si solar cells, where both passivation and anti-reflection (AR) are needed at the front-side p-type emitter. It could also be valuable for front-side passivation and AR of rear-emitter and interdigitated back contact p-wafer cells. We achieve high minority carrier lifetimes {approx}1 ms, as well as a nearly 2% decrease in absolute reflectivity, as compared to a standard silicon nitride AR coating.

  18. Ars Technica: Finding Smart Ways to Build Smart Things | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Finding Smart Ways to Build Smart Things Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) Ars Technica: Finding Smart Ways to Build Smart Things Ars Technica visited GE's Global Research Center in Munich to discover the innovative research being done at the facility. Watch a video of Ars Technica's visit below: You Might

  19. ALS Activity Reports

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Activity Reports Print These hard-copy annual reports were produced from 1993-2006. They illustrated the depth and breadth of the ALS scientific program with a selection of research results. They also summarized operations and ongoing R&D, highlighted educational outreach efforts and special events, and provided yearly documentation of the beamlines and publications. The Activity Report was replaced in 2007 by ALS Spectrum. The reports for 1996-2006 are available here. Activity Report

  20. ALS Communications Group

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Communications Group Print From left: Ashley White, Lori Tamura, Keri Troutman, and Carina Braun. The ALS Communications staff maintain the ALS Web site; write and edit all print and electronic publications for the ALS, including Science Highlights, Science Briefs, brochures, handouts, and the monthly newsletter ALSNews; and create educational and scientific outreach materials. In addition, members of the group organize bi-monthly Science Cafés, create conference and workshop Web sites and

  1. ALS Postdoctoral Fellowship Highlights

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Postdoctoral Fellowship Highlights Print Since its inception in 2005, the ALS Postdoctoral Fellowship program has supported young scientists in new and ongoing research projects at the ALS. In many cases, the postdoctoral fellows were also supported by collaborating institutions. These postdoc "highlights" -listed chronologically-feature a description of their projects while at the ALS, resulting publications, and their current positions and research activities. Name Year/Beamline

  2. ALS Users' Association Charter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Users' Executive Committee ALS Users' Association Charter Print The purpose of the Advanced Light Source Users' Association (ALSUA) is to provide an organized framework for the interaction between those who use the Advanced Light Source (ALS) at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) for their research and the ALS management, as well as to provide a channel for communication with other synchrotron radiation laboratories and, on suitable occasions, with federal agencies. The ALSUA, representing

  3. ALS User Meeting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    User Meeting ALS User Meeting web banner ALS User Meeting: October 5-7, 2015 Home Agenda Awards Exhibitors Lodging Posters Registration Transportation Workshops Contact Us User Meeting Archives Users' Executive Committee Meeting Highlights Plenary sessions with keynote speakers Reports from Washington and DOE Director's science and facility updates Invited talks featuring recent science highlights from the ALS Poster session and reception Student poster competition "Poster Slam" for

  4. ALS User Meeting Archives

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    proposals submitted to funding agencies and for contributions promoting the ALS in general. 1999 Roland Kawakami, Z.-Q. Qiu (both of the University of California, Berkeley), and...

  5. ALS Chemistry Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    These spaces are dedicated for chemistry work that involves higher quantities, higher toxicity or reactivity, andor more complex work activity than is allowed on the ALS...

  6. ALS Chemistry Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the great majority of hazardous chemicals at the ALS are stored in these facilities. Standard chemical safety engineering, administrative and PPE controls are employed in...

  7. Science DMZ for ALS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Science Engagement Move your data Programs & Workshops Science Requirements Reviews Case Studies OSCARS Case Studies Science DMZ Case Studies Science DMZ @ UF Science DMZ @ CU...

  8. ALS in the News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS in the News ALS in the News Print Thursday, 26 February 2015 13:29 Recent Articles Featuring ALS Staff and Science 2015 February New Video: Berkeley Lab's "Who We Are" Grants Give Particle Accelerator Technologies a Boost Details on Presidential Budget Request for DOE R&D DOE Scientists Team up to Demonstrate Scientific Potential of Big Data Infrastructure January Timeline Chronicles Lab's Science Highlights in 2014 (...and the ALS is well represented!) New Lithium-Ion Battery

  9. A.R.S. 37-102: State Land Department - Powers and Duties ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: A.R.S. 37-102: State Land Department - Powers and DutiesLegal Abstract This section...

  10. 49 A.R.S. 255 et seq.: Arizona Pollutant Discharge Elimination...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: 49 A.R.S. 255 et seq.: Arizona Pollutant Discharge Elimination System ProgramLegal Abstract...

  11. 49 A.R.S. 321 et seq.: Water Quality Appeals | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: 49 A.R.S. 321 et seq.: Water Quality AppealsLegal Abstract This section governs appeals to the...

  12. Experimental study of the beta-delayed proton precursors /sup 33/Ar and /sup 49/Fe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    XU Xiao-ji; GUO Jun-sheng; GUO Ying-xiang; ZHAO Zhi-zheng; LUO Yi-xiao

    1985-01-01

    Beta-delayed proton precursors /sup 33/Ar and /sup 49/Fe have been produced via the (/sup 12/C,3n) reaction in 65-MeV carbon bombardments of /sup 24/Mg and /sup 40/Ca, respectively. The major proton peaks are at 3.28 +- 0.07 MeV for /sup 33/Ar and 1.98 +- 0.04 MeV for /sup 49/Fe. The corresponding cross section for /sup 33/Ar is 0.40 +- 0.08 ..mu..b, and for /sup 49/Fe 0.70 +- 0.14 ..mu..b. The half-life of /sup 33/Ar was determined to be 167 +- 24 ms.

  13. Title 32 CFR 651 Environmental Analysis of Army Actions (AR 200...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Army Actions (AR 200-2) Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- Federal RegulationFederal Regulation: Title 32 CFR 651...

  14. File:NREL-ar-80m.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    File Edit with form History File:NREL-ar-80m.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Arkansas Annual Average Wind Speed at 80 Meters Size of this preview: 463...

  15. ARS Title 49-200 Water Quality Control | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    -200 Water Quality Control Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: ARS Title 49-200 Water Quality ControlLegal Abstract...

  16. Hanford Site's Data Packages in the Administrative Record (AR) and Public Information Repository (PIR)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    In 1989, the Department of Energy joined with the Washington State Department of Ecology and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in signing the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order more commonly known as the Tri-Party Agreement (TPA). The TPA outlines legally enforceable milestones for Hanford cleanup over the next several decades. The AR is the body of documents and information that is considered or relied upon to arrive at a final decision for remedial action or hazardous waste management. An AR is established for each operable unit (OU); treatment, storage, or disposal unit (TSD); or Expedited Response Action (ERA) group and will contain all documents having information considered in arriving at a Record of Decision or permit. Documents become part of the AR after they have been designated as an AR by the TPA or after EPA, DOE, or other official parties have identified a document or set of documents for inclusion. Furthermore, AR documents are to be kept in a Public Information Repository (PIR).Thousands of data packages that support the AR documents are available to the public in the Hanford PIR.

  17. 3AK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY OPERAiEO BY MARTIN MARIE,TA ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC.

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    .I Y. ,J,.- i - 3AK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY OPERAiEO BY MARTIN MARIE,TA ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC. POST OFFICE BOX X OAK RIOGE. TENNESSEE 37631 July 20, 1984 Ms. Gale P. Turi Division of Remedial Action Projects Office of Nuclear Energy U.S. Department of Energy MS - NE24 Washington, D.C. 20545 Dear Ms. Turi: Radfoloafcal Survey of the Guterl Steel Fad1 ftya 1 o&a As requested, a visit was made to the Guterl Steel facility (formerly Simonds Saw and Steel) on July 9, 1984 to determine if there

  18. 1990,"AK","Combined Heat and Power, Commercial Power","All Sources",,4,85.9,80.09

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    State Code","Producer Type","Fuel Source","Generators","Facilities","Nameplate Capacity (Megawatts)","Summer Capacity (Megawatts)" 1990,"AK","Combined Heat and Power, Commercial Power","All Sources",,4,85.9,80.09 1990,"AK","Combined Heat and Power, Commercial Power","Coal",,3,65.5,61.1 1990,"AK","Combined Heat and Power, Commercial

  19. 2014,"AK","Total Electric Power Industry","All Sources",10,6,59.1,52.9

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Planned Year","State Code","Producer Type","Fuel Source","Generators","Facilities","Nameplate Capacity (Megawatts)","Summer Capacity (Megawatts)" 2014,"AK","Total Electric Power Industry","All Sources",10,6,59.1,52.9 2014,"AK","Total Electric Power Industry","Hydroelectric",2,1,4.8,4.8 2014,"AK","Total Electric Power

  20. ALS Users' Association Charter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    users and will enable users to plan more efficiently the utilization of the facility. The role of the ALSUA shall be to advise the ALS Director on matters of concern to users....

  1. ALS Users' Association Charter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    facility. Thorough discussion with users of current projects, as well as plans for the future, will place ALS management in a better position to evaluate the needs of users and...

  2. 2013 ALS User Meeting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 ALS User Meeting banner Home Agenda Awards Exhibitors Lodging Posters Registration T-Shirt Contest Transportation Workshops Contact Us User Meeting Archives Users' Executive Committee 2013 Meeting Highlights Celebrating 20 Years of Great Science! Plenary sessions with keynote speakers Reports from Washington and DOE Director's science and facility updates Invited talks featuring recent science highlights from the ALS Science communications strategies talk Poster session and reception Student

  3. ALS Activity Reports

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Activity Reports Print These hard-copy annual reports were produced from 1993-2006. They illustrated the depth and breadth of the ALS scientific program with a selection of research results. They also summarized operations and ongoing R&D, highlighted educational outreach efforts and special events, and provided yearly documentation of the beamlines and publications. The Activity Report was replaced in 2007 by ALS Spectrum. The reports for 1996-2006 are available here. Activity Report 2006

  4. ALS Activity Reports

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Activity Reports Print These hard-copy annual reports were produced from 1993-2006. They illustrated the depth and breadth of the ALS scientific program with a selection of research results. They also summarized operations and ongoing R&D, highlighted educational outreach efforts and special events, and provided yearly documentation of the beamlines and publications. The Activity Report was replaced in 2007 by ALS Spectrum. The reports for 1996-2006 are available here. Activity Report 2006

  5. ALS Beamlines Directory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Beamlines Directory Print Beamlines, Parameters, Contact Information, and Schedules Click on the image to download a high-resolution version of the ALS beamclock. Beamline Parameters Beamline and endstation technical information is available through the links below. Unless otherwise noted, all beamlines are currently operational. Individual beamline schedules are posted when available. Please contact the responsible beamline scientist for additional schedule information. When calling from

  6. ALS Users' Association Charter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Users' Association Charter Print The purpose of the Advanced Light Source Users' Association (ALSUA) is to provide an organized framework for the interaction between those who use the Advanced Light Source (ALS) at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) for their research and the ALS management, as well as to provide a channel for communication with other synchrotron radiation laboratories and, on suitable occasions, with federal agencies. The ALSUA, representing the research workers, will be in

  7. ALS Users' Association Charter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Users' Association Charter Print The purpose of the Advanced Light Source Users' Association (ALSUA) is to provide an organized framework for the interaction between those who use the Advanced Light Source (ALS) at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) for their research and the ALS management, as well as to provide a channel for communication with other synchrotron radiation laboratories and, on suitable occasions, with federal agencies. The ALSUA, representing the research workers, will be in

  8. 2013 ALS User Meeting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2013 ALS User Meeting Print banner Home Agenda Awards Exhibitors Lodging Posters Registration T-Shirt Contest Transportation Workshops Contact Us User Meeting Archives Users' Executive Committee 2013 Meeting Highlights Celebrating 20 Years of Great Science! Plenary sessions with keynote speakers Reports from Washington and DOE Director's science and facility updates Invited talks featuring recent science highlights from the ALS Science communications strategies talk Poster session and reception

  9. ALS Activity Reports

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Activity Reports Print These hard-copy annual reports were produced from 1993-2006. They illustrated the depth and breadth of the ALS scientific program with a selection of research results. They also summarized operations and ongoing R&D, highlighted educational outreach efforts and special events, and provided yearly documentation of the beamlines and publications. The Activity Report was replaced in 2007 by ALS Spectrum. The reports for 1996-2006 are available here. Activity Report 2006

  10. ALS Beamlines Directory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Beamlines Directory Print Beamlines, Parameters, Contact Information, and Schedules Click on the image to download a high-resolution version of the ALS beamclock. Beamline Parameters Beamline and endstation technical information is available through the links below. Unless otherwise noted, all beamlines are currently operational. Individual beamline schedules are posted when available. Please contact the responsible beamline scientist for additional schedule information. When calling from

  11. ALS Beamlines Directory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Beamlines Directory ALS Beamlines Directory Print Beamlines, Parameters, Contact Information, and Schedules Click on the image to download a high-resolution version of the ALS beamclock. Beamline Parameters Beamline and endstation technical information is available through the links below. Unless otherwise noted, all beamlines are currently operational. Individual beamline schedules are posted when available. Please contact the responsible beamline scientist for additional schedule information.

  12. ALS Beamlines Directory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Beamlines Directory Print Beamlines, Parameters, Contact Information, and Schedules Click on the image to download a high-resolution version of the ALS beamclock. Beamline Parameters Beamline and endstation technical information is available through the links below. Unless otherwise noted, all beamlines are currently operational. Individual beamline schedules are posted when available. Please contact the responsible beamline scientist for additional schedule information. When calling from

  13. Simulation of an Ar/NH{sub 3} low pressure magnetized direct current discharge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li Zhi [School of Science, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051 (China); School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Zhao Zhen [School of Chemistry and Life Science, Anshan Normal University, Anshan 114007 (China); School of Chemical Engineering, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051 (China); Li Xuehui [Physiccal Science and Technical College, Dalian University, Dalian 116622 (China)

    2013-01-15

    A two-dimensional fluid model has been used to investigate the properties of plasma in an Ar/NH{sub 3} low pressure magnetized direct current discharge. We compared the simulation results with the theoretical and experimental results of the other gas discharge in which the magnetic field is considered. Results that obtained using this method are in good agreement with literature. The simulation results show that the positive ammonia ion density follows the positive argon ion density. The Ar{sub 2}{sup +} density is slightly higher than the Ar{sup +} density at 100 mTorr. The largest ammonia ion is NH{sub 3}{sup +} ion, followed by NH{sub 2}{sup +}, NH{sub 4}{sup +}, and NH{sup +} ions. The contribution of NH{sup +} ions to the density of the positive ammonia ions is marginal. The influence of pressure on the plasma discharge has been studied by simulation, and the mechanisms have been discussed. The average plasma density increases as pressure increased. The plasma density appears to be more inhomogeneous than that at the lower pressure. The ratio of charge particles changed as pressure increased. The Ar{sup +} density is slightly higher than the Ar{sub 2}{sup +} density as the pressure increased. It makes NH{sub 4}{sup +} ratio increase as pressure increased. It shows that the electron temperature drops with rising pressure by numerical calculation.

  14. Ion mass spectrometry investigations of the discharge during reactive high power pulsed and direct current magnetron sputtering of carbon in Ar and Ar/N{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schmidt, S.; Greczynski, G.; Jensen, J.; Hultman, L.; Czigany, Zs.

    2012-07-01

    Ion mass spectrometry was used to investigate discharges formed during high power impulse magnetron sputtering (HiPIMS) and direct current magnetron sputtering (DCMS) of a graphite target in Ar and Ar/N{sub 2} ambient. Ion energy distribution functions (IEDFs) were recorded in time-averaged and time-resolved mode for Ar{sup +}, C{sup +}, N{sub 2}{sup +}, N{sup +}, and C{sub x}N{sub y}{sup +} ions. An increase of N{sub 2} in the sputter gas (keeping the deposition pressure, pulse width, pulse frequency, and pulse energy constant) results for the HiPIMS discharge in a significant increase in C{sup +}, N{sup +}, and CN{sup +} ion energies. Ar{sup +}, N{sub 2}{sup +}, and C{sub 2}N{sup +} ion energies, in turn, did not considerably vary with the changes in working gas composition. The HiPIMS process showed higher ion energies and fluxes, particularly for C{sup +} ions, compared to DCMS. The time evolution of the plasma species was analyzed for HiPIMS and revealed the sequential arrival of working gas ions, ions ejected from the target, and later during the pulse-on time molecular ions, in particular CN{sup +} and C{sub 2}N{sup +}. The formation of fullerene-like structured CN{sub x} thin films for both modes of magnetron sputtering is explained by ion mass-spectrometry results and demonstrated by transmission electron microscopy as well as diffraction.

  15. Fluorocarbon assisted atomic layer etching of SiO2 and Si using cyclic Ar/C4F8 and Ar/CHF3 plasma

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Metzler, Dominik; Li, Chen; Engelmann, Sebastian; Bruce, Robert L.; Joseph, Eric A.; Oehrlein, Gottlieb S.

    2015-11-11

    The need for atomic layer etching (ALE) is steadily increasing as smaller critical dimensions and pitches are required in device patterning. A flux-control based cyclic Ar/C4F8 ALE based on steady-state Ar plasma in conjunction with periodic, precise C4F8 injection and synchronized plasma-based low energy Ar+ ion bombardment has been established for SiO2.1 In this work, the cyclic process is further characterized and extended to ALE of silicon under similar process conditions. The use of CHF3 as a precursor is examined and compared to C4F8. CHF3 is shown to enable selective SiO2/Si etching using a fluorocarbon (FC) film build up. Othermore » critical process parameters investigated are the FC film thickness deposited per cycle, the ion energy, and the etch step length. Etching behavior and mechanisms are studied using in situ real time ellipsometry and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Silicon ALE shows less self-limitation than silicon oxide due to higher physical sputtering rates for the maximum ion energies used in this work, ranged from 20 to 30 eV. The surface chemistry is found to contain fluorinated silicon oxide during the etching of silicon. As a result, plasma parameters during ALE are studied using a Langmuir probe and establish the impact of precursor addition on plasma properties.« less

  16. Radioactive air emissions notice of construction, use of a portable exhauster on 244-AR vault

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allen, C.P., Fluor Daniel Hanford

    1997-02-11

    This document serves as a notice of construction (NOC), pursuant to the requirements of Washington Administrative Code (WAC) 246-247- 060, and as a request for approval to construct pursuant to 40 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 61.96, for the use of a portable exhauster at the 244-AR Vault during transfers or movement of radioactive waste as part of pumping of secondary containment, tank stabilization/pumping, and other activities (i.e., transfer or pumping of radioactive waste using established procedures, entries for maintenance and inspections) within the 244-AR Vault.

  17. Ars Technica: Analyzing the Internet of Things in San Ramon | GE Global

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Analyzing the Internet of Things Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) Ars Technica: Analyzing the Internet of Things As a continuation of its Chasing Brilliance series, Ars Technica sent a reporter to GE Global Research in San Ramon to learn about research going on at the software hub. Read more

  18. Modeling of inductively coupled plasma SF{sub 6}/O{sub 2}/Ar plasma discharge: Effect of O{sub 2} on the plasma kinetic properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pateau, Amand; Rhallabi, Ahmed Fernandez, Marie-Claude; Boufnichel, Mohamed; Roqueta, Fabrice

    2014-03-15

    A global model has been developed for low-pressure, inductively coupled plasma (ICP) SF{sub 6}/O{sub 2}/Ar mixtures. This model is based on a set of mass balance equations for all the considered species, coupled with the discharge power balance equation and the charge neutrality condition. The present study is an extension of the kinetic global model previously developed for SF{sub 6}/Ar ICP plasma discharges [Lallement et al., Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 18, 025001 (2009)]. It is focused on the study of the impact of the O{sub 2} addition to the SF{sub 6}/Ar gas mixture on the plasma kinetic properties. The simulation results show that the electron density increases with the %O{sub 2}, which is due to the decrease of the plasma electronegativity, while the electron temperature is almost constant in our pressure range. The density evolutions of atomic fluorine and oxygen versus %O{sub 2} have been analyzed. Those atomic radicals play an important role in the silicon etching process. The atomic fluorine density increases from 0 up to 40% O{sub 2} where it reaches a maximum. This is due to the enhancement of the SF{sub 6} dissociation processes and the production of fluorine through the reactions between SF{sub x} and O. This trend is experimentally confirmed. On the other hand, the simulation results show that O(3p) is the preponderant atomic oxygen. Its density increases with %O{sub 2} until reaching a maximum at almost 40% O{sub 2}. Over this value, its diminution with O{sub 2}% can be justified by the high increase in the loss frequency of O(3p) by electronic impact in comparison to its production frequency by electronic impact with O{sub 2}.

  19. 2012 ALS User Meeting Awards

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2012 ALS User Meeting Awards Print Recipients of the 2012 Users' Executive Committee awards and Student Poster Competition were announced Tuesday, October 9, at the ALS User...

  20. 2012 ALS User Meeting Awards

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 ALS User Meeting Awards Recipients of the 2012 Users' Executive Committee awards and Student Poster Competition were announced Tuesday, October 9, at the ALS User Meeting. David...

  1. AL PRO | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: AL-PRO Place: Grossheide, Lower Saxony, Germany Zip: 26532 Sector: Wind energy Product: AL-PRO is an inndependent expert office for wind forecasts, wind...

  2. AL2007-08.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Assessment Tool, IEEE Standard 1680-2006 for Environmental Assessment of Personal Computer Products. When is this Acquisition Letter (AL) Effective? This AL is effective...

  3. ALS Staff Photo

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Staff Photo Print On May 14, 2013, members of ALS staff posed for a group photo in front of the dome. A hi-res version can be downloaded here. The last staff photo was taken in 2006. 2013 staff photo

  4. ALS Staff Photo

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Staff Photo Print On May 14, 2013, members of ALS staff posed for a group photo in front of the dome. A hi-res version can be downloaded here. The last staff photo was taken in 2006. 2013 staff photo

  5. Properties of steady discharge in Ar-Kr-F2 gas mixture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chengen, Z.

    1981-11-01

    Some properties of Ar-Kr-F/sub 2/ laser gas mixture plasma under steady discharge conditions are computed and discussed. Both the excitation rate of the discharging electrons and the distribution of the discharge energy are discussed. The effects of fluoride gas content and impurity gas content on the discharge property are studied.

  6. CALiPER Application Summary Report 17. LED AR111 and PAR36 Lamps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2012-08-01

    Report 17 analyzes the performance of a group of six LED products labeled as AR111 lamps. Results indicate that this product category lags behind other types of directional LED lamps but may perform acceptably in some applications and provide some energy savings.

  7. Heavy ion beam induced charge transfer in Ar-Cs mixtures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murnick, D.E.; Gernhauser, R.; Ulrich, A.; Krotz, W.; Wieser, J.

    1993-12-01

    In situ production of target ions in cold, dense matter by heavy ion collisions and subsequent selective charge transfer may provide an effective pumping scheme for heavy ion beam pumped lasers. Charge transfer from cesium atoms to doubly charged argon ions was used for selective population of 4d-levels in Ar II. The argon ions were produced in an argon-cesium gas target by a pulsed beam of 100 MeV {sup 32}S{sup 8+} ions from the Munich Tandem van de Graaff accelerator. The ion beam of 12 {times} 10{sup 6} ions/pulse had a pulse width of 2 ns and a repetition rate of 32 kHz. The argon pressure was typically 250 mbar. The cesium partial pressure was adjusted by heating the gas target, including a cesium reservoir, to temperatures between 250 and 500{degrees}C. Time resolved wavelength spectra showed large intensity increases corresponding to 4d {sup 4}D and 4d {sup 4}F to 4p transitions in Ar II in the ultraviolet wavelength region between 300 and 400 nm. This is interpreted as a resonant charge transfer of outer electrons of cesium to 4d levels in Ar II in Cs{sup 0} + Ar{sup 2+} collisions.

  8. ALS User Meeting Archives

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS User Meeting Archives Past User Meeting Agendas, Workshops, and Awards Year David A. Shirley (Science) Klaus Halbach (Instrumentation) Tim Renner (Service) 2014 Agenda Workshops Chuck Fadley, "For significant contributions to a better understanding of surfaces and interfaces through the development of novel x-ray photoemission spectroscopy techniques." More... Alastair MacDowell, James Nasiatka, Dula Parkinson, Abdel Haboub, Hrishikesh Bale, and Rob Ritchie, "For the

  9. Process for producing Ti-Cr-Al-O thin film resistors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jankowski, Alan F. (Livermore, CA); Schmid, Anthony P. (Solana Beach, CA)

    2001-01-01

    Thin films of Ti-Cr-Al-O are used as a resistor material. The films are rf sputter deposited from ceramic targets using a reactive working gas mixture of Ar and O.sub.2. Resistivity values from 10.sup.4 to 10.sup.10 Ohm-cm have been measured for Ti-Cr-Al-O film <1 .mu.m thick. The film resistivity can be discretely selected through control of the target composition and the deposition parameters. The application of Ti-Cr-Al-O as a thin film resistor has been found to be thermodynamically stable, unlike other metal-oxide films. The Ti-Cr-Al-O film can be used as a vertical or lateral resistor, for example, as a layer beneath a field emission cathode in a flat panel display; or used to control surface emissivity, for example, as a coating on an insulating material such as vertical wall supports in flat panel displays.

  10. Flat panel display using Ti-Cr-Al-O thin film

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jankowski, Alan F. (Livermore, CA); Schmid, Anthony P. (Solan Beach, CA)

    2002-01-01

    Thin films of Ti--Cr--Al--O are used as a resistor material. The films are rf sputter deposited from ceramic targets using a reactive working gas mixture of Ar and O.sub.2. Resistivity values from 10.sup.4 to 10.sup.10 Ohm-cm have been measured for Ti--Cr--Al--O film <1 .mu.m thick. The film resistivity can be discretely selected through control of the target composition and the deposition parameters. The application of Ti--Cr--Al--O as a thin film resistor has been found to be thermodynamically stable, unlike other metal-oxide films. The Ti--Cr--Al--O film can be used as a vertical or lateral resistor, for example, as a layer beneath a field emission cathode in a flat panel display; or used to control surface emissivity, for example, as a coating on an insulating material such as vertical wall supports in flat panel displays.

  11. Investigation of plasma-dust structures in He-Ar gas mixture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maiorov, S. A.; Ramazanov, T. S.; Dzhumagulova, K. N.; Jumabekov, A. N.; Dosbolayev, M. K.

    2008-09-15

    The paper reports on the first experiments with plasma-dust formations in dc gas discharge plasma for a He-Ar mixture. It is shown that the choice of light and heavy gases for the mixture suppresses ion heating in electric field under the conventional conditions of experiments and results in a supersonic jet with high Mach numbers. Distribution functions for drifting ions in the gas mixture are calculated for various mixture concentrations, electric field strengths, and gas pressures.

  12. Photometric analysis of overcontact binaries AK Her, HI Dra, V1128 Tau, and V2612 Oph

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    al??kan, ?.; zavc?, ?.; Ba?trk, .; ?enavc?, H. V.; K?l?o?lu, T.; Y?lmaz, M.; Selam, S. O.; Latkovi?, O.; Djuraevi?, G.; Cski, A. E-mail: ozavci@science.ankara.edu.tr E-mail: hvsenavci@ankara.edu.tr E-mail: mesutyilmaz@ankara.edu.tr E-mail: olivia@aob.rs E-mail: attila@aob.rs

    2014-12-01

    We analyze new, high quality multicolor light curves of four overcontact binaries: AK Her, HI Dra, V1128 Tau, and V2612 Oph, and determine their orbital and physical parameters using the modeling program of G. Djurasevic and recently published results of radial velocity studies. The achieved precision in absolute masses is between 10% and 20%, and the precision in absolute radii is between 5% and 10%. All four systems are W UMa-type binaries with bright or dark spots indicative of mass and energy transfer or surface activity. We estimate the distances and the ages of the systems using the luminosities computed through our analysis, and perform an O C study for V1128 Tau, which reveals a complex period variation that can be interpreted in terms of mass loss/exchange and either the presence of the third body, or the magnetic activity on one of the components. We conclude that further observations of these systems are needed to deepen our understanding of their nature and variability.

  13. A.R.S. 37-461: Grants of Rights-of-Way and Site for Public...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: A.R.S. 37-461: Grants of Rights-of-Way and Site for Public UsesLegal Abstract This...

  14. Distinctive plume formation in atmospheric Ar and He plasmas in microwave frequency band and suitability for biomedical applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, H. Wk.; Kang, S. K.; Won, I. H.; Kim, H. Y.; Kwon, H. C.; Sim, J. Y.; Lee, J. K.

    2013-12-15

    Distinctive discharge formation in atmospheric Ar and He plasmas was observed in the microwave frequency band using coaxial transmission line resonators. Ar plasmas formed a plasma plume whereas He formed only confined plasmas. As the frequency increased from 0.9 GHz to 2.45 GHz, the Ar plasma exhibited contraction and filamentation, and the He plasmas were constricted. Various powers and gas flow rates were applied to identify the effect of the electric field and gas flow rate on plasma plume formation. The He plasmas were more strongly affected by the electric field than the Ar plasmas. The breakdown and sustain powers yielded opposite results from those for low-frequency plasmas (?kHz). The phenomena could be explained by a change in the dominant ionization process with increasing frequency. Penning ionization and the contribution of secondary electrons in sheath region reduced as the frequency increased, leading to less efficient ionization of He because its ionization and excitation energies are higher than those of Ar. The emission spectra showed an increase in the NO and N{sub 2} second positive band in both the Ar and He plasmas with increasing frequency whereas the hydroxyl radical and atomic O peaks did not increase with increasing frequency but were highest at particular frequencies. Further, the frequency effect of properties such as the plasma impedance, electron density, and device efficiency were presented. The study is expected to be helpful for determining the optimal conditions of plasma systems for biomedical applications.

  15. ORISE "AK RlDGE lNSTlT"TE FOR SCIENCE AND EDUCATION

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    t\i,;;; il.,. (' . d ORISE "AK RlDGE lNSTlT"TE FOR SCIENCE AND EDUCATION August 1,200l Robert Atkin U.S. Department of Energy Oak Ridge Operations Office P.O. Box 2001 Oak Ridge, TN 3783 1 SUBJECT: CONTRACT NO. DE-AC05000R22750 FINAL REPORT-VERIFICATION SURVEY OF THE NEW BRUNSWICK LABORATORY SITE, NEW BRUNSWICK, NEW JERSEY Dear Mr. Atkin: The Environmental Survey and Site Assessment Program (ESSAP) of the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) conducted verification

  16. ALS Scientific Advisory Committee Charter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Scientific Advisory Committee Charter Print This document was revised and approved December 18, 2008. I. FUNCTION AND REPORTING The ALS Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) is advisory to the Berkeley Lab Director through the ALS Director. The SAC serves two primary functions: It acts as a "board of directors" to advise the Laboratory on current and future ALS operations, allocation of facility resources, strategic planning, budget development, and other major issues; and It reviews

  17. ALS Scientific Advisory Committee Charter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Scientific Advisory Committee Charter Print This document was revised and approved December 18, 2008. I. FUNCTION AND REPORTING The ALS Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) is advisory to the Berkeley Lab Director through the ALS Director. The SAC serves two primary functions: It acts as a "board of directors" to advise the Laboratory on current and future ALS operations, allocation of facility resources, strategic planning, budget development, and other major issues; and It reviews

  18. AL2007-05.doc

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AL 2007-05 Acquisition Regulation Date 03/29/2007 ACQUISITION LETTER This Acquisition Letter is issued under the authority of the DOE and NNSA Procurement Executives. Acquisition Letters (AL) that remain in effect are identified below. All other previously issued ALs have been superseded by a formal rule-making, incorporated into other guidance, and/or canceled. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ACQUISITION LETTERS REMAINING IN EFFECT NUMBER DATE SUBJECT 93-4 04/07/93 Displaced Workers Benefits

  19. 2012 ALS User Meeting Awards

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 ALS User Meeting Awards Recipients of the 2012 Users' Executive Committee awards and Student Poster Competition were announced Tuesday, October 9, at the ALS User Meeting. David A. Shirley Award for Outstanding Scientific Achievement at the ALS shirley award The David A. Shirley Award for Scientific Achievement went to, from left, Carl Percival (University of Manchester), Dudley Shallcross [(University of Bristol) not pictured], and Craig Taatjes and David Osborn (Sandia), for making the first

  20. Ionization of large homogeneous and heterogeneous clusters generated in acetylene-Ar expansions: Cluster ion polymerization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kocisek, J.; Lengyel, J.; Farnik, M.

    2013-03-28

    Pure acetylene and mixed Ar-acetylene clusters are formed in supersonic expansions of acetylene/argon mixtures and analysed using reflectron time-of-flight mass spectrometer with variable electron energy ionization source. Acetylene clusters composed of more than a hundred acetylene molecules are generated at the acetylene concentration of Almost-Equal-To 8%, while mixed species are produced at low concentrations ( Almost-Equal-To 0.7%). The electron energy dependence of the mass spectra revealed the ionization process mechanisms in clusters. The ionization above the threshold for acetylene molecule of 11.5 eV results in the main ionic fragment progression (C{sub 2}H{sub 2}){sub n}{sup +}. At the electron energies Greater-Than-Or-Slanted-Equal-To 21.5 eV above the CH+CH{sup +} dissociative ionization limit of acetylene the fragment ions nominally labelled as (C{sub 2}H{sub 2}){sub n}CH{sup +}, n Greater-Than-Or-Slanted-Equal-To 2, are observed. For n Less-Than-Or-Slanted-Equal-To 7 these fragments correspond to covalently bound ionic structures as suggested by the observed strong dehydrogenation [(C{sub 2}H{sub 2}){sub n}-k Multiplication-Sign H]{sup +} and [(C{sub 2}H{sub 2}){sub n}CH -k Multiplication-Sign H]{sup +}. The dehydrogenation is significantly reduced in the mixed clusters where evaporation of Ar instead of hydrogen can stabilize the nascent molecular ion. The C{sub 3}H{sub 3}{sup +} ion was previously assigned to originate from the benzene molecular ion; however, the low appearance energy of Almost-Equal-To 13.7 eV indicates that a less rigid covalently bound structure of C{sub 6}H{sub 6}{sup +} ion must also be formed upon the acetylene cluster electron ionization. The appearance energy of Ar{sub n}(C{sub 2}H{sub 2}){sup +} fragments above Almost-Equal-To 15.1 eV indicates that the argon ionization is the first step in the fragment ion production, and the appearance energy of Ar{sub n{>=}2}(C{sub 2}H{sub 2}){sub m{>=}2}{sup +} at Almost-Equal-To 13.7 eV is discussed in terms of an exciton transfer mechanism.

  1. ALS Evidence Confirms Combustion Theory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Evidence Confirms Combustion Theory Print Researchers recently uncovered the first step in the process that transforms gas-phase molecules into solid particles like soot and...

  2. ALS Scientific Advisory Committee Charter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the Laboratory on current and future ALS operations, allocation of facility resources, strategic planning, budget development, and other major issues; and It reviews major...

  3. ALS Collaborative Postdoctoral Fellowship Program

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    scientists) to discuss possible projects and to identify external sources of matching funds. Applicants must then submit a completed ALS Collaborative Postdoctoral...

  4. Data Management at the ALS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Data Management at the ALS Print Users of the ALS are responsible for meeting their data management obligations to their home institutions and granting agencies. Except as noted below for data stored at NERSC, the ALS does not provide specific resources to manage data that are generated through user experiments. Because the ALS does not have a facility-wide data archiving service or staff to manage the data, the user must generally make arrangements to copy data to their own storage systems or

  5. ALS Scientific Advisory Committee Charter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    It acts as a "board of directors" to advise the Laboratory on current and future ALS operations, allocation of facility resources, strategic planning, budget development, and...

  6. ALS Collaborative Postdoctoral Fellowship Program

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    who will collaborate closely with ALS staff and users in new and emerging scientific and engineering research fields. The program will provide advanced training for careers paths...

  7. Mode transition in CF{sub 4} + Ar inductively coupled plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Wei; Gao, Fei; Zhao, Shu-Xia; Li, Xue-Chun; Wang, You-Nian [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)] [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)

    2013-12-15

    The E to H mode transitions are studied by a hairpin probe and optical emission spectroscopy in inductively coupled CF{sub 4} + Ar plasmas. Electron density, optical emission intensity of Ar, and the voltage and current are measured during the E to H mode transitions. It is found that the electron density and plasma emission intensity increase continuously at low pressure during the E to H mode transition, while they jump up discontinuously at high pressure. Meanwhile, the transition threshold power and ?P (the power interval between E and H mode) increase by increasing the pressure. When the ratio of CF{sub 4} increases, the E to H mode transition happens at higher applied power, and meanwhile, the ?P also significantly increases. Besides, the effects of CF{sub 4} gas ratio on the plasma properties and the circuit electrical properties in both pure E and H modes were also investigated. The electron density and plasma emission intensity both decrease upon increasing the ratio of CF{sub 4} at the two modes, due to the stronger electrons loss scheme. The applied voltages at E and H modes both increase as increasing the CF{sub 4} gas ratio, however the applied current at two modes behave just oppositely with the gas ratio.

  8. Effects of Ar plasma treatment for deposition of ruthenium film by remote plasma atomic layer deposition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, Taeyong; Lee, Jaesang; Park, Jingyu; Jeon, Heeyoung; Jeon, Hyeongtag; Lee, Ki-Hoon; Cho, Byung-Chul; Kim, Moo-Sung; Ahn, Heui-Bok

    2012-01-15

    Ruthenium thin films were deposited on argon plasma-treated SiO{sub 2} and untreated SiO{sub 2} substrates by remote plasma atomic layer deposition using bis(ethylcyclopentadienyl)ruthenium [Ru(EtCp){sub 2}] as a Ru precursor and ammonia plasma as a reactant. The results of in situ Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) analysis indicate that the initial transient region of Ru deposition was decreased by Ar plasma treatment at 400 deg. C, but did not change significantly at 300 deg. C The deposition rate exhibited linearity after continuous film formation and the deposition rates were about 1.7 A/cycle and 0.4 A/cycle at 400 deg. C and 300 deg. C, respectively. Changes of surface energy and polar and dispersive components were measured by the sessile drop test. The quantity of surface amine groups was measured from the surface nitrogen concentration with AES. Furthermore, the Ar plasma-treated SiO{sub 2} contained more amine groups and less hydroxyl groups on the surface than on untreated SiO{sub 2}. Auger spectra exhibited chemical shifts by Ru-O bonding, and larger shifts were observed on untreated substrates due to the strong adhesion of Ru films.

  9. Near- and sub-barrier fusion of {sup 6}He+{sup 40}Ar

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hinnefeld, J.D.; Kolata, J.J.; Belbot, M.; Lamkin, K.; Zahar, M.; Santi, P.; Kugi, J.

    1993-10-01

    A measurement of the fusion cross section for {sup 6}He + {sup 40}Ar near and below the Coulomb barrier has been performed using a {sup 6}He beam from the UND/Um radioactive beam facility. The {sup 6}He nucleus is thought to have a neutron skin surrounding a {sup 6}He core. If this is the case, then Coulomb polarization of the core relative to the halo might result in neutron flow along a neck, and therefore to a large enhancement of the sub-barrier fusion cross section. {sup 6}He nuclei, of incident energy 10.05 {+-} 0.44 MeV, were directed into a segmented ionization counter (MUSIC) filled with P10 at 40 torr. The {sup 40}Ar in the detector gas served also as the target nuclei. {sup 6}He energies in the 50-cm active length of the detector varied from 7.75 MeV down to 3.05 MeV. Calculations indicate that fusion events should be distinguishable from most non-fusion events on the basis of energy deposition patterns in the ten MUSIC detector segments. For some large-angle scattering events a more elaborate analysis involving detailed Monte Carlo simulation of the various reactions is necessary.

  10. Ablation and cone formation mechanism on CR-39 by ArF laser irradiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shakeri Jooybari, B. E-mail: hafarideh@aut.ac.ir; Afarideh, H. E-mail: hafarideh@aut.ac.ir; Lamehi-Rachti, M.; Ghergherehchi, M.

    2015-03-07

    In this work, chemical properties, surface modification, and micro structures formation on ablated polyallyl di-glycol carbonate (CR-39) polymer by ArF laser irradiation (??=?193?nm) at various fluences and pulse number were investigated. CR-39 samples have been irradiated with an ArF laser (193?nm) at a repetition rate of 1?Hz. Threshold fluence of ablation and effective absorption coefficient of CR-39 were determined. Conical microstructures (Taylor cone) formed on laser-ablated CR-39 exhibit: smooth, Taylor cone shape walls and sharp tips together with interference and well defined fringe-structure with a period of 230?nm, around cone base. Mechanism of cone formation and cone evolution of CR-39 ablated surface were investigated by change of fluences (at a given pulse number) and pulse number (at a given fluence). Cone height, cone base, and region of interface were increased in micrometer steps by increasing the total fluence. Depression on the base of the cone and the circular fringe were simulated. FTIR spectra were measured and energy dispersive x-ray analysis of irradiated and un-irradiated samples was performed.

  11. ALS Collaborative Postdoctoral Fellowship Program

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Collaborative Postdoctoral Fellowship Program Print The Advanced Light Source (ALS) Collaborative Postdoctoral Fellowship program provides challenging opportunities to conduct research and instrument development in areas supporting the scientific programs of the Department of Energy (DOE), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), and the ALS that include physical, chemical, material, energy, environmental, geological, and biological sciences. Fellows pursue individual research projects as

  12. ALS Collaborative Postdoctoral Fellowship Program

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Collaborative Postdoctoral Fellowship Program Print The Advanced Light Source (ALS) Collaborative Postdoctoral Fellowship program provides challenging opportunities to conduct research and instrument development in areas supporting the scientific programs of the Department of Energy (DOE), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), and the ALS that include physical, chemical, material, energy, environmental, geological, and biological sciences. Fellows pursue individual research projects as

  13. Numerical analysis of a mixture of Ar/NH{sub 3} microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li Zhi [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); School of Science, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051 (China); Zhao Zhen [Chemistry Department, Anshan Normal University, Anshan 114007 (China); School of Chemical Engineering, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051 (China); Li Xuehui [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Physical Science and Technical College, Dalian University, Dalian 116622 (China)

    2012-06-01

    A two-dimensional fluid model has been used to investigate the properties of plasma in Ar/NH{sub 3} microwave electron cyclotron resonance discharge at low pressure. The electromagnetic field model solved by the three-dimensional Simpson method is coupled to a fluid plasma model. The finite difference method was employed to discrete the governing equations. 40 species (neutrals, radicals, ions, and electrons) are consisted in the model. In total, 75 electron-neutral, 43 electron-ion, 167 neutral-neutral, 129 ion-neutral, 28 ion-ion, and 90 3-body reactions are used in the model. According to the simulation, the distribution of the densities of the considered plasma species has been showed and the mechanisms of their variations have been discussed. It is found that the main neutrals (Ar*, Ar**, NH{sub 3}{sup *}, NH, H{sub 2}, NH{sub 2}, H, and N{sub 2}) are present at high densities in Ar/NH{sub 3} microwave electron cyclotron resonance discharge when the mixing ratio of Ar/NH{sub 3} is 1:1 at 20 Pa. The density of NH is more than that of NH{sub 2} atom. And NH{sub 3}{sup +} are the most important ammonia ions. But the uniformity of the space distribution of NH{sub 3}{sup +} is lower than the other ammonia ions.

  14. Mapping the ionization state of laser-irradiated Ar gas jets with multiwavelength monochromatic x-ray imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kugland, N. L.; Niemann, C.; Doeppner, T.; Kemp, A.; Glenzer, S. H.; Schaeffer, D.

    2010-10-15

    Two-dimensional monochromatic images of fast-electron stimulated Ar K{alpha} and He-{alpha} x-ray self-emission have recorded a time-integrated map of the extent of Ar{sup {approx_equal}6+} and Ar{sup 16+} ions, respectively, within a high density (10{sup 20} cm{sup -3} atomic density) Ar plasma. This plasma was produced by irradiating a 2 mm wide clustering Ar gas jet with an ultrahigh intensity (10{sup 19} W/cm{sup 2}, 50 TW) Ti:sapphire laser operating at 800 nm. Spherically bent quartz crystals in the 200 (for K{alpha}) and 201 (for He-{alpha}) planes were used as near-normal incidence reflective x-ray optics. We see that a large (830 {mu}m long) region of plasma emits K{alpha} primarily along the laser axis, while the He-{alpha} emission is confined to smaller hot spot (230 {mu}m long) region that likely corresponds to the focal volume of the f/8 laser beam. X-ray spectra from a Bragg spectrometer operating in the von Hamos geometry indicate that the centroids of the K{alpha} and He-{alpha} emission regions are separated by approximately 330 {mu}m along the laser axis.

  15. Mapping the Ionization State of Laser-Irradiated Ar Gas Jets With Multi-Wavelength Monochromatic X-Ray Imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kugland, N L; Doppner, T; Kemp, A; Schaeffer, D; Glenzer, S H; Niemann, C

    2010-04-08

    Two-dimensional monochromatic images of fast-electron stimulated Ar K{alpha} and He-{alpha} x-ray self-emission have recorded a time-integrated map of the extent of Ar{sup {approx}6+} and Ar{sup 16+} ions, respectively, within a high density (10{sup 20} cm{sup -3} atomic density) Ar plasma. This plasma was produced by irradiating a 2 mm wide clustering Ar gas jet with an ultra-high intensity (10{sup 19} W/cm{sup 2}, 200 fs) Ti:Sapphire laser operating at 800 nm. Spherically bent quartz crystals in the 200 (for K{alpha}) and 201 (for He-{alpha}) planes were used as near-normal incidence reflective x-ray optics. We see that a large (830 {micro}m long) region of plasma emits K{alpha} primarily along the laser axis, while the He-{alpha} emission is confined to smaller hot spot (230 {micro}m long) region that likely corresponds to the focal volume of the f/8 laser beam. X-ray spectra from a Bragg spectrometer operating in the von Hamos geometry, which images in one dimension, indicate that the centroids of the K{alpha} and He-{alpha} emission regions are separated by approximately 330 {micro}m along the laser axis.

  16. ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate Barrow, AK (ARMBE-CLDRAD NSAC1)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    McCoy, Renata; Xie, Shaocheng

    2012-05-14

    The ARM CMBE-ATM [Xie, McCoy, Klein et al.] data file contains a best estimate of several selected atmospheric quantities from ACRF observations and NWP analysis data.

  17. ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate Barrow, AK (ARMBE-ATM NSAC1)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    McCoy, Renata; Xie, Shaocheng

    The ARM CMBE-ATM [Xie, McCoy, Klein et al.] data file contains a best estimate of several selected atmospheric quantities from ACRF observations and NWP analysis data.

  18. ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate Barrow, AK (ARMBE-ATM NSAC1 V4)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    McCoy, Renata; Xie, Shaocheng

    The ARM CMBE-ATM [Xie, McCoy, Klein et al.] data file contains a best estimate of several selected atmospheric quantities from ACRF observations and NWP analysis data.

  19. ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate Barrow, AK (ARMBE-ATM NSAC1)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    McCoy, Renata; Xie, Shaocheng

    2010-10-05

    The ARM CMBE-ATM [Xie, McCoy, Klein et al.] data file contains a best estimate of several selected atmospheric quantities from ACRF observations and NWP analysis data.

  20. ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate Barrow, AK (ARMBE-CLDRAD NSAC1 V2.1)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    McCoy, Renata; Xie, Shaocheng

    2010-08-11

    The ARM CMBE-ATM [Xie, McCoy, Klein et al.] data file contains a best estimate of several selected atmospheric quantities from ACRF observations and NWP analysis data.

  1. ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate Barrow, AK (ARMBE-CLDRAD NSAC1)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    McCoy, Renata; Xie, Shaocheng

    The ARM CMBE-ATM [Xie, McCoy, Klein et al.] data file contains a best estimate of several selected atmospheric quantities from ACRF observations and NWP analysis data.

  2. ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate Barrow, AK (ARMBE-CLDRAD NSAC1 V2.1)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    McCoy, Renata; Xie, Shaocheng

    The ARM CMBE-ATM [Xie, McCoy, Klein et al.] data file contains a best estimate of several selected atmospheric quantities from ACRF observations and NWP analysis data.

  3. ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate Barrow, AK (ARMBE-ATM NSAC1 V4)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCoy, Renata; Xie, Shaocheng

    2013-12-26

    The ARM CMBE-ATM [Xie, McCoy, Klein et al.] data file contains a best estimate of several selected atmospheric quantities from ACRF observations and NWP analysis data.

  4. INTERPRETING ERUPTIVE BEHAVIOR IN NOAA AR 11158 VIA THE REGION'S MAGNETIC ENERGY AND RELATIVE-HELICITY BUDGETS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tziotziou, Kostas; Georgoulis, Manolis K.; Liu Yang

    2013-08-01

    In previous works, we introduced a nonlinear force-free method that self-consistently calculates the instantaneous budgets of free magnetic energy and relative magnetic helicity in solar active regions (ARs). Calculation is expedient and practical, using only a single vector magnetogram per computation. We apply this method to a time series of 600 high-cadence vector magnetograms of the eruptive NOAA AR 11158 acquired by the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory over a five-day observing interval. Besides testing our method extensively, we use it to interpret the dynamical evolution in the AR, including eruptions. We find that the AR builds large budgets of both free magnetic energy and relative magnetic helicity, sufficient to power many more eruptions than the ones it gave within the interval of interest. For each of these major eruptions, we find eruption-related decreases and subsequent free-energy and helicity budgets that are consistent with the observed eruption (flare and coronal mass ejection (CME)) sizes. In addition, we find that (1) evolution in the AR is consistent with the recently proposed (free) energy-(relative) helicity diagram of solar ARs, (2) eruption-related decreases occur before the flare and the projected CME-launch times, suggesting that CME progenitors precede flares, and (3) self terms of free energy and relative helicity most likely originate from respective mutual terms, following a progressive mutual-to-self conversion pattern that most likely stems from magnetic reconnection. This results in the non-ideal formation of increasingly helical pre-eruption structures and instigates further research on the triggering of solar eruptions with magnetic helicity firmly placed in the eruption cadre.

  5. ALS Doctoral Fellowship in Residence

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and technological research. As the world's first third-generation synchrotron radiation source, the ALS offers outstanding performance in the VUV-soft x-ray energy range and...

  6. ALS 20th Anniversary Celebration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The 20th anniversary of the ALS was celebrated on Friday, October 4, with style, good humor, lots of stories, and a very large cake. More important, however, was the large number...

  7. Scott Taylor, ALS Safety Manager

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for safety inspections. There weren't division safety coordinators back in those days, Taylor explains. Joining the ALS reminds Taylor of his early days at the Lab, when he felt...

  8. Etching mechanism of niobium in coaxial Ar/Cl2 radio frequency plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Upadhyay, Janardan; Im, Do; Popovic, Svetozar; Valente-Feliciano, Anne -Marie; Phillips, H. Larry; Vuskovic, Leposova

    2015-03-18

    The understanding of the Ar/Cl2 plasma etching mechanism is crucial for the desired modification of inner surface of the three dimensional niobium (Nb) superconductive radio frequency cavities. Uniform mass removal in cylindrical shaped structures is a challenging task because the etch rate varies along the direction of gas flow. The study is performed in the asymmetric coaxial radio-frequency (rf) discharge with two identical Nb rings acting as a part of the outer electrode. The dependence of etch rate uniformity on pressure, rf power, dc bias, Cl2 concentration, diameter of the inner electrode, temperature of the outer cylinder, and position of the samples in the structure is determined. Furthermore, to understand the plasma etching mechanisms, we have studied several factors that have important influence on the etch rate and uniformity, which include the plasma sheath potential, Nb surface temperature, and the gas flow rate.

  9. AR-CITE: Analysis of Search Results for the Clarification and Identification of Technology Emergence

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2012-06-15

    The Analysis of Search Results for the Clarification and Identification of Technology Emergence (AR-CITE) computer code examines a scientometric model that tracks the emergence of an identified technology from initial discovery (via original scientific and conference literature), through critical discoveries (via original scientific, conference literature and patents), transitioning through Technology Readiness Levels (TRLs) and ultimately on to commercial currency of citations, collaboration indicators, and on-line news patterns are identified. The combinations of four distinct andmore »separate searchable on-line networked sources (i.e. scholarly publications and citation, world patents, news archives, and on-line mapping networks) are assembled to become one collective network (a dataset for analysis of relations). This established network becomes the basis from which to quickly analyze the temporal flow of activity (searchable events) for the subject domain to be clarified and identified.« less

  10. ALS Doctoral Fellowship in Residence

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Doctoral Fellowship in Residence Print The Advanced Light Source (ALS), a division of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, is a national user facility that generates intense x-ray radiation for scientific and technological research. As the world's first third-generation synchrotron radiation source, the ALS offers outstanding performance in the VUV-soft x-ray energy range and excellent performance into the hard x-ray region. The facility welcomes researchers from universities, industries, and

  11. ALS Doctoral Fellowship in Residence

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Doctoral Fellowship in Residence Print The Advanced Light Source (ALS), a division of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, is a national user facility that generates intense x-ray radiation for scientific and technological research. As the world's first third-generation synchrotron radiation source, the ALS offers outstanding performance in the VUV-soft x-ray energy range and excellent performance into the hard x-ray region. The facility welcomes researchers from universities, industries, and

  12. ALS Doctoral Fellowship in Residence

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Doctoral Fellowship in Residence Print The Advanced Light Source (ALS), a division of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, is a national user facility that generates intense x-ray radiation for scientific and technological research. As the world's first third-generation synchrotron radiation source, the ALS offers outstanding performance in the VUV-soft x-ray energy range and excellent performance into the hard x-ray region. The facility welcomes researchers from universities, industries, and

  13. ALS Evidence Confirms Combustion Theory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Evidence Confirms Combustion Theory ALS Evidence Confirms Combustion Theory Print Wednesday, 22 October 2014 11:43 Researchers recently uncovered the first step in the process that transforms gas-phase molecules into solid particles like soot and other carbon-based compounds. It's a discovery that could help combustion chemists make more efficient, less polluting fuels and help materials scientists fine-tune their carbon nanotubes and graphene sheets for faster, smaller electronics. In

  14. ALS Doctoral Fellowship in Residence

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Doctoral Fellowship in Residence Print The Advanced Light Source (ALS), a division of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, is a national user facility that generates intense x-ray radiation for scientific and technological research. As the world's first third-generation synchrotron radiation source, the ALS offers outstanding performance in the VUV-soft x-ray energy range and excellent performance into the hard x-ray region. The facility welcomes researchers from universities, industries, and

  15. MAGNETIC ENERGY PARTITION BETWEEN THE CORONAL MASS EJECTION AND FLARE FROM AR 11283

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feng, L.; Li, Y. P.; Gan, W. Q.; Wiegelmann, T.; Inhester, B.; Su, Y.; Sun, X. D.

    2013-03-01

    On 2011 September 6, an X-class flare and a halo coronal mass ejection (CME) were observed from Earth erupting from the same active region AR 11283. The magnetic energy partition between them has been investigated. SDO/HMI vector magnetograms were used to obtain the coronal magnetic field using the nonlinear force-free field (NLFFF) extrapolation method. The free magnetic energies before and after the flare were calculated to estimate the released energy available to power the flare and the CME. For the flare energetics, thermal and nonthermal energies were derived using the RHESSI and GOES data. To obtain the radiative output, SDO/EVE data in the 0.1-37 nm waveband were utilized. We have reconstructed the three-dimensional (3D) periphery of the CME from the coronagraph images observed by STEREO-A, B, and SOHO. The mass calculations were then based on a more precise Thomson-scattering geometry. The subsequent estimate of the kinetic and potential energies of the CME took advantage of the more accurate mass, and the height and speed in a 3D frame. The released free magnetic energy resulting from the NLFFF model is about 6.4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 31} erg, which has a possible upper limit of 1.8 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 32} erg. The thermal and nonthermal energies are lower than the radiative output of 2.2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 31} erg from SDO/EVE for this event. The total radiation covering the whole solar spectrum is probably a few times larger. The sum of the kinetic and potential energy of the CME could go up to 6.5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 31} erg. Therefore, the free energy is able to power the flare and the CME in AR 11283. Within the uncertainty, the flare and the CME may consume a similar amount of free energy.

  16. Simulation study of 3-5 keV x-ray conversion efficiency from Ar K-shell

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    vs. Ag L-shell targets on the National Ignition Facility laser (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Simulation study of 3-5 keV x-ray conversion efficiency from Ar K-shell vs. Ag L-shell targets on the National Ignition Facility laser Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Simulation study of 3-5 keV x-ray conversion efficiency from Ar K-shell vs. Ag L-shell targets on the National Ignition Facility laser Tailored, high-flux, multi-keV x-ray sources are desirable for studying x-ray

  17. ALS 20th Anniversary Celebration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    20th Anniversary Celebration Print The 20th anniversary of the ALS was celebrated on Friday, October 4, with style, good humor, lots of stories, and a very large cake. More important, however, was the large number of current and former colleagues and users, who were delighted to have the opportunity to visit and catch up with former workmates. When not chatting with colleagues or listening to the high-shool chamber trio, attendees were entertained by a video montage, old photos featuring ALS

  18. Microsoft Word - AL2006-11.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Guide Chapter 7.1, Acquisition Planning Acquisition Guide Chapter 42.5, Contract Management Planning When is this Acquisition Letter (AL) Effective? This AL is effective...

  19. ALS Ceramics Materials Research Advances Engine Performance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Ceramics Materials Research Advances Engine Performance ALS Ceramics Materials Research Advances Engine Performance Print Thursday, 27 September 2012 00:00 ritchie ceramics...

  20. ALS@20 Kick-Off Celebration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    tribulations encountered during the construction of the ALS from former Director Jay Marx, current ALS Scientific Director Steve Kevan and Director Roger Falcone talked about...

  1. Spectroscopy diagnostic of dual-frequency capacitively coupled CHF{sub 3}/Ar plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Wen-Yao; Du, Yong-Quan [Laboratory of Plasma Physical Chemistry, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)] [Laboratory of Plasma Physical Chemistry, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Liu, Yong-Xin; Liu, Jia; Zhao, Tian-Liang; Wang, You-Nian [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)] [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Xu, Yong; Li, Xiao-Song; Zhu, Ai-Min [Laboratory of Plasma Physical Chemistry, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China) [Laboratory of Plasma Physical Chemistry, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)

    2013-11-15

    A combined spectroscopic method of absorption, actinometry, and relative optical emission intensity is employed to determine the absolute CF{sub 2} density, the relative F and H densities, H atom excitation temperature and the electron density in dual-frequency (60/2 MHz) capacitively coupled CHF{sub 3}/Ar plasmas. The effects of different control parameters, such as high-frequency (HF) power, low-frequency (LF) power, gas pressure, gap length and content of CHF{sub 3}, on the concentration of radical CF{sub 2}, F, and H and excitation temperature are discussed, respectively. It is found that the concentration of CF{sub 2} is strongly dependent on the HF power, operating pressure and the proportion of CHF{sub 3} in feed gas, while it is almost independent of the LF power and the gap length. A higher concentration ratio of F to CF{sub 2} could be obtained in dual-frequency discharge case. Finally, the generation and decay mechanisms of CF{sub 2} and F were also discussed.

  2. Ordered InP nanostructures fabricated by Ar{sup +}-ion irradiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohanta, S.K.; Soni, R.K.; Tripathy, S.; Chua, S.J.

    2006-01-23

    In this letter, we report fabrication of ordered InP nanostructures using 50 keV Ar{sup +}-ion irradiation at normal incidence. The structural and optical properties of these nanodots as a function of ion dose have been investigated. Scanning electron microscopy investigations reveal that the average sizes of the InP nanodots vary from 50 nm to 90 nm as the ion dose increases from 1x10{sup 17} to 1x10{sup 18} cm{sup -2}. Furthermore, an increase in ion dose results in a wider dot size distribution. Apart from the bulk InP band-edge photoluminescence (PL), the surface nanostructuring leads to the observation of an additional PL band at 1.98 eV. Such a blueshifted PL peak could arise due to a combined effect of carrier confinement in the surface nanodots and radiative recombination associated with surface states. The room-temperature micro-Raman investigation of InP nanodots reveals optical phonon softening due to phonon confinement in the surface nanodots.

  3. Structural modifications in InP nanostructures prepared by Ar{sup +}-ion irradiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohanta, S. K.; Soni, R. K.; Gosvami, N. N.; Vajpeyi, A. P.; Tripathy, S.

    2007-10-01

    The evolution of nanopatterned InP surfaces by low-energy Ar{sup +}-ion irradiation and their dependence on incidence angle were investigated by field emission scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, and Raman scattering. Ordered surface nanodots of high aspect ratio were created. At large ion incidence angle the dot density decreases and the size varies in the range of 65-130 nm with height of around 25-30 nm. Rapid thermal annealing of the patterned surface shows cluster formation at annealing temperatures of 400 deg. C and above, with some micro-cracks at ion incidence angle of 45 deg. C . With increasing ion incidence angle, the optical phonon Raman modes display systematic downward shift and large asymmetric broadening associated with increased contribution of disorder activated LO and TO modes from the patterned surface. The lowering of phonon frequencies, induced by the phonon wave function confinement, signifies the presence of embedded nanocrystallites in the large sized nanodot patterned surface. The surface damage recovery is achieved by rapid thermal annealing of the samples as reflected in the increased optical phonon frequencies and reduced line shape broadening with annealing temperature. For large ion incident angle, the strain relaxation in the irradiated surface region leads to micro-crack formation in the patterned surface and further hardening of the phonon frequencies.

  4. SUCCESSIVE SOLAR FLARES AND CORONAL MASS EJECTIONS ON 2005 SEPTEMBER 13 FROM NOAA AR 10808

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu Chang; Wang Haimin; Lee, Jeongwoo; Karlicky, Marian; Choudhary, Debi Prasad; Deng Na E-mail: haimin@flare.njit.ed E-mail: karlicky@asu.cas.c E-mail: na.deng@csun.ed

    2009-09-20

    We present a multiwavelength study of the 2005 September 13 eruption from NOAA AR 10808 that produced total four flares and two fast coronal mass ejections (CMEs) within {approx}1.5 hr. Our primary attention is paid to the fact that these eruptions occurred in close succession in time, and that all of them were located along an S-shaped magnetic polarity inversion line (PIL) of the active region. In our analysis, (1) the disturbance created by the first flare propagated southward along the PIL to cause a major filament eruption that led to the first CME and the associated second flare underneath. (2) The first CME partially removed the overlying magnetic fields over the northern delta spot to allow the third flare and the second CME. (3) The ribbon separation during the fourth flare would indicate reclosing of the overlying field lines opened by the second CME. It is thus concluded that these series of flares and CMEs are interrelated to each other via magnetic reconnections between the expanding magnetic structure and the nearby magnetic fields. These results complement previous works made on this event with the suggested causal relationship among the successive eruptions.

  5. A=17Al (1993TI07)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Al (1993TI07) (Not observed) See (1983ANZQ, 1988WA18, 1992AV03).

  6. A=20Al (72AJ02)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    72AJ02) (Not illustrated) 20Al has not been observed: see (KE66C

  7. Microsoft Word - AL2008-05.doc

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Department of Energy No. AL 2008-05 Acquisition Regulation Date 04/03/2008 ACQUISITION LETTER This Acquisition Letter is issued under the authority of the DOE and NNSA Procurement Executives. Subject: Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management References: Executive Order 13423, dated January 24, 2007 Implementing Instructions, dated March 28, 2007 When is this Acquisition Letter (AL) effective? This AL is effective upon issuance. When does this AL Expire? This AL remains in effect

  8. ALS Evidence Confirms Combustion Theory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Evidence Confirms Combustion Theory Print Researchers recently uncovered the first step in the process that transforms gas-phase molecules into solid particles like soot and other carbon-based compounds. It's a discovery that could help combustion chemists make more efficient, less polluting fuels and help materials scientists fine-tune their carbon nanotubes and graphene sheets for faster, smaller electronics. In addition, the results could have implications for the burgeoning field of

  9. ALS Evidence Confirms Combustion Theory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Evidence Confirms Combustion Theory Print Researchers recently uncovered the first step in the process that transforms gas-phase molecules into solid particles like soot and other carbon-based compounds. It's a discovery that could help combustion chemists make more efficient, less polluting fuels and help materials scientists fine-tune their carbon nanotubes and graphene sheets for faster, smaller electronics. In addition, the results could have implications for the burgeoning field of

  10. ALS Evidence Confirms Combustion Theory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Evidence Confirms Combustion Theory Print Researchers recently uncovered the first step in the process that transforms gas-phase molecules into solid particles like soot and other carbon-based compounds. It's a discovery that could help combustion chemists make more efficient, less polluting fuels and help materials scientists fine-tune their carbon nanotubes and graphene sheets for faster, smaller electronics. In addition, the results could have implications for the burgeoning field of

  11. ALS Evidence Confirms Combustion Theory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Evidence Confirms Combustion Theory Print Researchers recently uncovered the first step in the process that transforms gas-phase molecules into solid particles like soot and other carbon-based compounds. It's a discovery that could help combustion chemists make more efficient, less polluting fuels and help materials scientists fine-tune their carbon nanotubes and graphene sheets for faster, smaller electronics. In addition, the results could have implications for the burgeoning field of

  12. THE KINEMATICS AND PLASMA PROPERTIES OF A SOLAR SURGE TRIGGERED BY CHROMOSPHERIC ACTIVITY IN AR11271

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kayshap, P.; Srivastava, Abhishek K. [Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Manora Peak, Nainital 263 129 (India)] [Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Manora Peak, Nainital 263 129 (India); Murawski, K., E-mail: kmur@kft.umcs.lublin.pl [Group of Astrophysics, UMCS, ul. Radziszewskiego 10, 20-031 Lublin (Poland)

    2013-01-20

    We observe a solar surge in NOAA AR11271 using the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Atmospheric Imaging Assembly 304 A image data on 2011 August 25. The surge rises vertically from its origin up to a height of Almost-Equal-To 65 Mm with a terminal velocity of Almost-Equal-To 100 km s{sup -1}, and thereafter falls and fades gradually. The total lifetime of the surge was Almost-Equal-To 20 minutes. We also measure the temperature and density distribution of the observed surge during its maximum rise and find an average temperature and a density of 2.0 MK and 4.1 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} cm{sup -3}, respectively. The temperature map shows the expansion and mixing of cool plasma lagging behind the hot coronal plasma along the surge. Because SDO/HMI temporal image data do not show any detectable evidence of significant photospheric magnetic field cancellation for the formation of the observed surge, we infer that it is probably driven by magnetic-reconnection-generated thermal energy in the lower chromosphere. The radiance (and thus the mass density) oscillations near the base of the surge are also evident, which may be the most likely signature of its formation by a reconnection-generated pulse. In support of the present observational baseline of the triggering of the surge due to chromospheric heating, we devise a numerical model with conceivable implementation of the VAL-C atmosphere and a thermal pulse as an initial trigger. We find that the pulse steepens into a slow shock at higher altitudes which triggers plasma perturbations exhibiting the observed features of the surge, e.g., terminal velocity, height, width, lifetime, and heated fine structures near its base.

  13. Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Conference on Fossil Energy Materials. Fossil Energy AR and TD Materials Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, N.C.; Judkins, R.R.

    1993-07-01

    Objective of the AR&TD Materials Program is to conduct research and development on materials for longer-term fossil energy applications as well as for generic needs of various fossil fuel technologies. The 37 papers are arranged into 3 sessions: ceramics, new alloys/intermetallics, and new alloys/advanced austenitics. Selected papers have been indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  14. Rotational and angular distributions of NO products from NO-Rg(Rg = He, Ne, Ar) complex photodissociation

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Heather L. Holmes-Ross; Hall, Gregory E.; Valenti, Rebecca J.; Yu, Hua -Gen; Lawrance, Warren D.

    2016-01-29

    In this study, we present the results of an investigation into the rotational and angular distributions of the NO A~ state fragment following photodissociation of the NO-He, NO-Ne and NO-Ar van der Waals complexed excited via the A~ ← X~ transition. For each complex the dissociation is probed for several values of Ea, the available energy above the dissociation threshold.

  15. Effect of 200 keV Ar{sup +} implantation on optical and electrical properties of polyethyleneterepthalate (PET)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Rajiv Goyal, Meetika Sharma, Ambika; Aggarwal, Sanjeev; Sharma, Annu; Kanjilal, D.

    2015-05-15

    In the present paper we have discussed the effect of 200 keV Ar{sup +} ions on the electrical and optical properties of PET samples. PET samples were implanted with 200 keV Ar{sup +} ions to various doses ranging from 110{sup 15} to 110{sup 17} Ar{sup +} cm{sup 2}. The changes in the electrical and optical properties of pristine and implanted PET specimens have been studied by using Keithley electrometer and UV-Visible absorption spectroscopy. The electrical conductivity has found to be increased with increasing ion dose. The optical studies have revealed the drastic alterations in optical band gap from 3.63 eV to 1.48 eV and also increase in number of carbon atoms per cluster from 215 to 537. Further, the change in the electrical conductivity and optical band gap has also been correlated with the formation of conductive islands in the implanted layers of PET.

  16. Synthesis of AlN/Al Polycrystals along with Al Nanoparticles Using Thermal Plasma Route

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kanhe, Nilesh S.; Nawale, A. B.; Kulkarni, N. V.; Bhoraskar, S. V.; Mathe, V. L.; Das, A. K.

    2011-07-15

    This paper for the first time reports the (200) oriented growth of hexagonal Aluminum nitride crystals during synthesis of aluminum nanoparticles in dc transferred arc thermal plasma reactor by gas phase condensation in nitrogen plasma. The structural and morphological study of as synthesized AlN crystal and aluminium nanoparticles was done by using the x-ray diffraction method, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy.

  17. ALS Operating Schedule on Google Calendar

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Operating Schedule on Google Calendar Print ALS Operating Schedule Your browser does not appear to support JavaScript, but this page needs to use JavaScript to display...

  18. Category:Montgomery, AL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Montgomery, AL Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Location Media in category "Montgomery, AL" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total....

  19. Al Corn Clean Fuel | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Corn Clean Fuel Jump to: navigation, search Name: Al-Corn Clean Fuel Place: Claremont, North Dakota Product: Al-Corn is an ethanol plant located in Claremont, North Dakota, which...

  20. AL2002-05.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    5.pdf AL2002-05.pdf PDF icon AL2002-05

  1. AL2002-06.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6.pdf AL2002-06.pdf PDF icon AL2002-06

  2. AL2002-07.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    7.pdf AL2002-07.pdf PDF icon AL2002-07

  3. AL2002-08.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8.pdf AL2002-08.pdf PDF icon AL2002-08

  4. Revision of Army regulation (AR) 200-2, environmental effects of Army actions, and the application of total quality mangement (TQM) principles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Merkel, H,K.; Robitaille, P.

    1995-12-01

    AR 200-2 is the Army`s implementing regulation to the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and DoD`s NEPA Directive DoDD 6050.1. AR 200-2 was last revised in the late 1980s and since then the scope of Army NEPA compliance activities have significantly increased, and NEPA practice and case law are continually changing. The purpose of revising AR 200-2 is to provide Army personel with clear and Concise guidance on how to meet their NEPA compliance requirements. The revision process included reviewing the current AR 200-2 to identify areas and topics needing clarification or modification; conferring with Army NEPA personnel to obtain views on NEPA compliance practices and procedures; conducting a review and analysis of significant, recent developments in NEPA case law; reviewing other federal NEPA implementing regulations to identify useful, transferrable concepts; preparing a {open_quotes}strawman{close_quotes} version of AR 200-2 to use as a starting point in the revision process; coordinating and consolidating input from the AR 200-2 Revisions Steering Committee; and responding to review comments. A draft version of AR 200-2 has been completed and informal Army-wide comments have been addressed. Some of the issues that the AR 200-2 Revisions Steering Committee considered during the revision effort included expanding the list of categorical exclusions, determining the appropriate length for the public comment period for environmental assessments prior to approval of the finding of no significant impact, determining the appropriate level of analysis for Army actions abroad, and determining whether Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation Liability Act (CERCLA) or Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) actions should be addressed under NEPA. Total Quality Management (TQM) principles were applied during the revision process. GroupSystems{trademark} software was used as a vehicle to enhance total group participation from managers to practitioners.

  5. Fluorocarbon assisted atomic layer etching of SiO2 and Si using cyclic Ar/C4F8 and Ar/CHF3 plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Metzler, Dominik; Li, Chen; Engelmann, Sebastian; Bruce, Robert L.; Joseph, Eric A.; Oehrlein, Gottlieb S.

    2015-11-11

    The need for atomic layer etching (ALE) is steadily increasing as smaller critical dimensions and pitches are required in device patterning. A flux-control based cyclic Ar/C4F8 ALE based on steady-state Ar plasma in conjunction with periodic, precise C4F8 injection and synchronized plasma-based low energy Ar+ ion bombardment has been established for SiO2.1 In this work, the cyclic process is further characterized and extended to ALE of silicon under similar process conditions. The use of CHF3 as a precursor is examined and compared to C4F8. CHF3 is shown to enable selective SiO2/Si etching using a fluorocarbon (FC) film build up. Other critical process parameters investigated are the FC film thickness deposited per cycle, the ion energy, and the etch step length. Etching behavior and mechanisms are studied using in situ real time ellipsometry and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Silicon ALE shows less self-limitation than silicon oxide due to higher physical sputtering rates for the maximum ion energies used in this work, ranged from 20 to 30 eV. The surface chemistry is found to contain fluorinated silicon oxide during the etching of silicon. As a result, plasma parameters during ALE are studied using a Langmuir probe and establish the impact of precursor addition on plasma properties.

  6. Aluminium distribution in ZSM-5 revisited: The role of Al-Al interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruiz-Salvador, A. Rabdel; Grau-Crespo, Ricardo; Gray, Aileen E.; Lewis, Dewi W.

    2013-02-15

    We present a theoretical study of the distribution of Al atoms in zeolite ZSM-5 with Si/Al=47, where we focus on the role of Al-Al interactions rather than on the energetics of Al/Si substitutions at individual sites. Using interatomic potential methods, we evaluate the energies of the full set of symmetrically independent configurations of Al siting in a Si{sub 94}Al{sub 2}O{sub 192} cell. The equilibrium Al distribution is determined by the interplay of two factors: the energetics of the Al/Si substitution at an individual site, which tends to populate particular T sites (e.g., the T14 site), and the Al-Al interaction, which at this Si/Al maximises Al-Al distances in general agreement with Dempsey's rule. However, it is found that the interaction energy changes approximately as the inverse of the square of the distance between the two Al atoms, rather than the inverse of the distance expected if this were merely charge repulsion. Moreover, we find that the anisotropic nature of the framework density plays an important role in determining the magnitude of the interactions, which are not simply dependent on Al-Al distances. - Graphical abstract: Role of Al-Al interactions in high silica ZSM-5 is shown to be anisotropic in nature and not dependent solely on Coulombic interactions. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Si-Al distribution in ZSM-5 is revisited, stressing the role of the Al-Al interaction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Coulomb interactions are not the key factors controlling the Al siting. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Anisotropy of the framework is identified as a source of departure from Dempsey's rule.

  7. AL2002-04.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4.pdf AL2002-04.pdf PDF icon AL2002-04.pdf More Documents & Publications AL2004-01r2.pdf AL2002-01.pdf AL2002-08...

  8. AL2002-01.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2-01.pdf AL2002-01.pdf PDF icon AL2002-01.pdf More Documents & Publications AL2002-04.pdf AL2002-08.pdf AL2002-06

  9. sup 40 Ar/ sup 39 laser-probe dating by step heating and spot fusion of phengites from the Dora Maira nappe of the western Alps, Italy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scaillet, S.; Feraud, G. ); Lagabrielle, Y. ); Ballevre, M.; Ruffet, G. )

    1990-08-01

    {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar laser-probe dating of phengitic micas has been carried out by step-heating and spot-fusion procedures. These micas represent successive deformation stages in the structural evolution of the internal Dora Maira nappe, western Alps. Single phengites from a gneiss affected by a single ductile strain under retrogressive conditions (sample 99.1) display complete isotopic resetting with nearly homogeneous intracrystalline Ar distribution and yield plateau ages of about 40 Ma. Small clusters of phengites from an earlier foliation were selected from a polydeformed mica schist (sample PTX3). They show a partial isotopic resetting in response to overprinting during the retrogressive deformation stage with a concentric age zoning from 68 Ma on the rim to 87 Ma in the core one cleavage plane. This zonation is fully consistent with the laser-derived discordant age spectrum, which ranges from 40 to 90 Ma from low to high temperatures. According to the deformation history of both samples, these preliminary data suggest a deformation control on Ar migration during recrystallization processes, and they are consistent with the timing of the collisional evolution previously reported for southern Dora Maira units. This study shows that the {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar continuous laser-probe dating technique produces data accurate enough to discriminate several tectonometamorphic episodes recorded in single hand samples.

  10. Modeling of plasma chemistry in an atmospheric pressure Ar/NH{sub 3} cylindrical dielectric barrier discharge described using the one-dimensional fluid model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li Zhi [School of Science, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051 (China); School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Zhao Zhen [School of Chemistry and Life Science, Anshan Normal University, Anshan 114007 (China); School of Chemical Engineering, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051 (China); Li Xuehui [Physical Science and Technical College, Dalian University, Dalian 116622 (China)

    2013-01-15

    The keynote of our research is to study the gas phase chemistry in an atmospheric pressure Ar/NH{sub 3} cylindrical dielectric barrier discharge, which is very important to produce the iron-nitride magnetic fluid. For this purpose, a home-made one dimensional fluid model with the Scharfetter-Gummel method has been developed. The equations solved are the particle balances, assuming a drift-diffusion approximation for the fluxes, and the electron energy equation. The self-consistent electric field is obtained by the simultaneous solution of Poisson's equation. The simulations were carried out for the different ammonia concentrations (2%, 3.5%, and 7%), at a voltage of 1 kV, and a driving frequency of 20 kHz. It concluded that the major ion products of Ar are Ar{sup +} and Ar{sub 2}{sup +}. Ar{sup +} is the most important positive ions, followed by Ar{sub 2}{sup +}. It is shown that the NH{sup +} density is smaller than that of the other ammonia ions. The density of NH{sub 4}{sup +} is more than that of the other ammonia ions when the ammonia concentration increased. The diffuse mode can be established after the discharge was ignited, and the mode changes to filamentary mode with an increase in ammonia concentration.

  11. Silicon etch using SF{sub 6}/C{sub 4}F{sub 8}/Ar gas mixtures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bates, Robert L.; Stephan Thamban, P. L.; Goeckner, Matthew J.; Overzet, Lawrence J.

    2014-07-01

    While plasmas using mixtures of SF{sub 6}, C{sub 4}F{sub 8}, and Ar are widely used in deep silicon etching, very few studies have linked the discharge parameters to etching results. The authors form such linkages in this report. The authors measured the optical emission intensities of lines from Ar, F, S, SF{sub x}, CF{sub 2}, C{sub 2}, C{sub 3}, and CS as a function of the percentage C{sub 4}F{sub 8} in the gas flow, the total gas flow rate, and the bias power. In addition, the ion current density and electron temperature were measured using a floating Langmuir probe. For comparison, trenches were etched of various widths and the trench profiles (etch depth, undercut) were measured. The addition of C{sub 4}F{sub 8} to an SF{sub 6}/Ar plasma acts to reduce the availability of F as well as increase the deposition of passivation film. Sulfur combines with carbon in the plasma efficiently to create a large optical emission of CS and suppress optical emissions from C{sub 2} and C{sub 3}. At low fractional flows of C{sub 4}F{sub 8}, the etch process appears to be controlled by the ion flux more so than by the F density. At large C{sub 4}F{sub 8} fractional flows, the etch process appears to be controlled more by the F density than by the ion flux or deposition rate of passivation film. CF{sub 2} and C{sub 2} do not appear to cause deposition from the plasma, but CS and other carbon containing molecules as well as ions do.

  12. Influence of Fe-doped Graphite Electrode Characteristics on Ar-H2 Carbon Arc Plasma and SWCNT Formation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huczko, A.; Lange, H.; Bystrzejewski, M.; Ando, Y.; Zhao, X.; Inoue, S.

    2005-09-27

    Two Fe-doped (ca. 1 at.%) homogeneous graphite electrodes (different graphite microcrystals, degree of graphitization and, thereby, electrical conductivities) electrodes were used in the process of production of single-walled carbon nanotubes in Ar-H2 arc plasma under pressure 26 kPa. The C2 content (namely carbon vapor pressure) and temperature distributions in the arc plasma were determined using optical emission spectroscopy. The mechanism of CNT formation based on carbon dimers as the building blocks seems to be at least questionable.

  13. {sup 39}Ar Detection at the 10{sup -16} Isotopic Abundance Level with Atom Trap Trace Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiang, W.; Williams, W.; Bailey, K.; O'Connor, T. P.; Mueller, P.; Davis, A. M.; Hu, S.-M.; Sun, Y. R.; Lu, Z.-T.; Purtschert, R.; Sturchio, N. C.

    2011-03-11

    Atom trap trace analysis, a laser-based atom counting method, has been applied to analyze atmospheric {sup 39}Ar (half-life=269 yr), a cosmogenic isotope with an isotopic abundance of 8x10{sup -16}. In addition to the superior selectivity demonstrated in this work, the counting rate and efficiency of atom trap trace analysis have been improved by 2 orders of magnitude over prior results. The significant applications of this new analytical capability lie in radioisotope dating of ice and water samples and in the development of dark matter detectors.

  14. Response function of the magnetic spectrometer PRISMA for the multinucleon transfer reaction {sup 40}Ar+{sup 208}Pb

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mijatovic, T.; Szilner, S.; Corradi, L.; Courtin, S.; Farnea, E.; Fioretto, E.; Gadea, A.; Goasduff, A.; Haas, F.; Jelavic-Malenica, D.; Lunardi, S.; Mengoni, D.; Montagnoli, G.; Montanari, D.; Pollarolo, G.; Recchia, F.; Sahin, E.; Scarlassara, F.; Soic, N.; Stefanini, A. M.; and others

    2012-10-20

    Multinucleon transfer reaction {sup 40}Ar+{sup 208}Pb has been investigated with the PRISMA-CLARA experimental setup in LNL, INFN, Italy. The experimental differential cross sections have been obtained for different transfer channels by measuring more than {Delta}{theta}{sub lab} = 20 Degree-Sign covered by three angular settings of PRISMA. Results have been compared with the semiclassical calculation GRAZING. Since the understanding of the reaction mechanism depends strongly on the determination of absolute cross section, effect of transport of ions through PRISMA has been studied via a Monte Carlo simulation code.

  15. Experimental investigations of electron density and ion energy distributions in dual-frequency capacitively coupled plasmas for Ar/CF{sub 4} and Ar/O{sub 2}/CF{sub 4} discharges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Jia; Liu, Yong-Xin; Gao, Fei; Wang, You-Nian, E-mail: ynwang@dlut.edu.cn [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Bi, Zhen-Hua [School of Physics and Materials Engineering, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian 116600 (China)

    2014-01-07

    The electron density and ion energy distribution (IED) are investigated in low-pressure dual-frequency capacitively coupled Ar/CF{sub 4} (90%/10%) and Ar/O{sub 2}/CF{sub 4} (80%/10%/10%) plasmas. The relations between controllable parameters, such as high-frequency (HF) power, low-frequency (LF) power and gas pressure, and plasma parameters, such as electron density and IEDs, are studied in detail by utilizing a floating hairpin probe and an energy resolved quadrupole mass spectrometer, respectively. In our experiment, the electron density is mainly determined by the HF power and slightly influenced by the LF power. With increasing gas pressure, the electron density first goes up rapidly to a maximum value and then decreases at various HF and LF powers. The HF power also plays a considerable role in affecting the IEDs under certain conditions and the ion energy independently controlled by the LF source is discussed here. For clarity, some numerical results obtained from a two-dimensional fluid model are presented.

  16. Time-dependent quantum wave packet study of the Ar+H{sub 2}{sup +}{yields}ArH{sup +}+H reaction on a new ab initio potential energy surface for the ground electronic state (1{sup 2}A Prime )

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu Mei; Liu Xinguo; Tan Ruishan; Li Hongzheng; Xu Wenwu

    2013-05-07

    A new global potential energy surface for the ground electronic state (1{sup 2}A Prime ) of the Ar+H{sub 2}{sup +}{yields}ArH{sup +}+H reaction has been constructed by multi-reference configuration interaction method with Davidson correction and a basis set of aug-cc-pVQZ. Using 6080 ab initio single-point energies of all the regions for the dynamics, a many-body expansion function form has been used to fit these points. The quantum reactive scattering dynamics calculations taking into account the Coriolis coupling (CC) were carried out on the new potential energy surface over a range of collision energies (0.03-1.0 eV). The reaction probabilities and integral cross sections for the title reaction were calculated. The significance of including the CC quantum scattering calculation has been revealed by the comparison between the CC and the centrifugal sudden approximation calculation. The calculated cross section is in agreement with the experimental result at collision energy 1.0 eV.

  17. Radioactive air emissions notice of construction use of a portable exhauster at 244-AR vault. Revision 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carrell, D.J.

    1997-12-17

    This document serves as a notice of construction (NOC), pursuant to the requirements of Washington Administrative Code (WAC) 246-247-060, and as a request for approval to construct, pursuant to 40 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 61.96, a portable exhauster at the 244-AR Vault. The exhauster would be used during air jetting of accumulated liquids from the cell sumps into the tanks and to make transfers among the tanks within the vault when needed. The 244-AR Vault is considered to be a double-contained receiver tank (OCRT) based on its functional characteristics, although it is not listed as one of the five designated DCRTs in the 200 Area Tank Farm systems. Process operations at the vault have been inactive since 1978 and the vault`s two stacks have not operated since 1993. Since cessation of vault operations an extremely large amount of rain water and snow melt have accumulated in the cell sumps. The water level in the sumps is substantially above their respective operating levels and there is concern for leakage to the environment through containment failure due to corrosion from backed-up sump liquid. Active ventilation is required to provide contamination control during air jetting operations within the vault. It has been determined that it would not be cost effective to repair the existing exhaust systems to an operational condition; thus, a portable exhauster will be used to support the intermittent operations.

  18. Proceedings of the sixth annual conference on fossil energy materials. Fossil Energy AR and TD Mateials Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, N.C.; Judkins, R.R.

    1992-07-01

    The Sixth Annual Conference on Fossil Energy Materials was held in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, on May 12--14, 1992. The meeting was sponsored by the US Department of Energy`s Office of Fossil Energy through the Advanced Research and Technology Development (AR&TD) Materials Program, and ASM International. The objective of the AR&TD Materials Program is to conduct research and development on materials for longer-term fossil energy applications as well as for generic needs of various fossil fuel technologies. The management of the Program has been decentralized to the DOE Field Office, Oak Ridge with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) as the technical support contractor. The research is performed by staff members at ORNL and by a substantial number of researchers at other national laboratories, universities, and in private industry. The work is divided into the following categories: (1) ceramics, (2) development and corrosion resistance of iron aluminide, advanced austenitic and chromium-niobium alloys, and (3) technology assessment and technology transfer. This conference is held each year to review the work on all of the projects of the Program. The agenda for the meeting is given in Appendix A, and a list of attendees is presented in Appendix B. ASM International cosponsored the conference, for which we are especially grateful.

  19. ALS Ceramics Materials Research Advances Engine Performance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Ceramics Materials Research Advances Engine Performance ALS Ceramics Materials Research Advances Engine Performance Print Thursday, 27 September 2012 00:00 ritchie ceramics This 3D image of a ceramic composite specimen imaged under load at 1750C shows the detailed fracture patterns that researchers are able to view using ALS Beamline 8.3.2. The vertical white lines are the individual silicon carbide fibers in this sample about 500 microns in diameter. LBNL senior materials scientist and U.C.

  20. IBM Probes Material Capabilities at the ALS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    IBM Probes Material Capabilities at the ALS IBM Probes Material Capabilities at the ALS Print Wednesday, 12 February 2014 11:05 Vanadium dioxide, one of the few known materials that acts like an insulator at low temperatures but like a metal at warmer temperatures, is a somewhat futuristic material that could yield faster and much more energy-efficient electronic devices. Researchers from IBM's forward-thinking Spintronic Science and Applications Center (SpinAps) recently used the ALS to gain

  1. Footprinting Technique Gives ALS Users New Insights

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Footprinting Technique Gives ALS Users New Insights Footprinting Technique Gives ALS Users New Insights Print Thursday, 24 September 2015 09:32 Recent research at ALS Beamline 5.3.1, detailed in this month's Science Highlight, revealed that an important photosynthetic mechanism called "nonphotochemical quenching" is triggered by the translocation of the carotenoid pigment within a critical light-sensitive protein called the Orange Carotenoid Protein (OCP). The x-ray footprinting (XFP)

  2. Crystallographic Consulting Brings Research to the ALS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Crystallographic Consulting Brings Research to the ALS Crystallographic Consulting Brings Research to the ALS Print Wednesday, 06 February 2013 15:50 cc Tom Pauly and Josh Stillwell, managing partners at Crystallographic Consulting, have a rich history as synchrotron users. It is likely because of this that they're entrusted with the protein crystallography research for about 15 cutting-edge pharmaceutical companies. They conduct most of their research at ALS Beamline 5.0.2. Crystallographic

  3. ALS Ceramics Materials Research Advances Engine Performance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Ceramics Materials Research Advances Engine Performance ALS Ceramics Materials Research Advances Engine Performance Print Thursday, 27 September 2012 00:00 ritchie ceramics This 3D image of a ceramic composite specimen imaged under load at 1750C shows the detailed fracture patterns that researchers are able to view using ALS Beamline 8.3.2. The vertical white lines are the individual silicon carbide fibers in this sample about 500 microns in diameter. LBNL senior materials scientist and U.C.

  4. IBM Probes Material Capabilities at the ALS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    IBM Probes Material Capabilities at the ALS IBM Probes Material Capabilities at the ALS Print Wednesday, 12 February 2014 11:05 Vanadium dioxide, one of the few known materials that acts like an insulator at low temperatures but like a metal at warmer temperatures, is a somewhat futuristic material that could yield faster and much more energy-efficient electronic devices. Researchers from IBM's forward-thinking Spintronic Science and Applications Center (SpinAps) recently used the ALS to gain

  5. Crystallographic Consulting Brings Research to the ALS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the participating research team (PRT) members at the Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB), which operates five ALS beamlines. As PRT members, companies are...

  6. Al Turi Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NEEDS 2006 Database Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleAlTuriBiomassFacility&oldid397128" Feedback Contact needs updating Image needs updating...

  7. April 27, 2015-Special ALS Colloquium

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Years Janos Kirz, ALS Abstract Rntgen's great discovery became an instant public sensation. Fascination with the "new kind of rays" that could reveal the structure of opaque...

  8. Al Furat Petroleum Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Furat Petroleum Company Name: Al Furat Petroleum Company Place: Damascus, Syria Product: oil and hydrocarbon gas Year Founded: 1985 Phone Number: 00963-11- (6183333) Website:...

  9. ALS Reveals New State of Matter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Reveals New State of Matter ALS Reveals New State of Matter Print Wednesday, 13 October 2010 00:00 ALS user groups from Princeton and Stanford have been making waves this past year with several high-profile papers and extensive news coverage of their work on a new state of matter embodied by "topological insulators," materials that conduct electricity only on their surfaces. First identified at the ALS in 2007 by a Princeton team led by M. Zahid Hasan, topological insulators have

  10. IBM Probes Material Capabilities at the ALS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Researchers from IBM's forward-thinking Spintronic Science and Applications Center (SpinAps) recently used the ALS to gain greater insight into vanadium dioxide's unusual phase ...

  11. Ringleader: Cobber Lam, ALS Systems Administrator

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cobber Lam, ALS Systems Administrator Print Cobber Lam started working at Berkeley Lab 10 years ago as a student assistant, while attending college at Cal State East Bay. Within two months, he was assigned to the ALS and has stayed put ever since. He used to be matrixed via IT, but last year he became a direct ALS employee. ALS IT support is divided between Lam and Tim Kellogg, with Lam being more forward-facing, dealing with users and staff, and Kellogg working on the back-end mostly with

  12. Microsoft Word - al2006-12.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AL-2006-12 (092906) 7 III. What Procedures Ensure Effective Audit Management? Some strategies for managing required audit activity include: 1. Contracting officers should...

  13. Al Tayyar Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Al Tayyar Energy Place: Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Provides development capital and equity investments...

  14. Microsoft Word - AL2008-05.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Microsoft Word - AL2008-05.doc Microsoft Word - AL2008-05.doc Microsoft Word - AL2008-05.doc More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - AL 2010-07 Acquistion Letters Remaining...

  15. AL2010-01.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1.pdf AL2010-01.pdf PDF icon AL2010-01.pdf More Documents & Publications G Microsoft Word - AL-Omnibus FY 2009 Apr 22 2009 all sections.doc Microsoft Word - AL-Consolidated Approps...

  16. AL2007-09.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    7-09.pdf AL2007-09.pdf PDF icon AL2007-09.pdf More Documents & Publications AL2007-04.pdf RL-2007OMCPIA.pdf AL2007-06.pdf...

  17. AL2007-04.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4.pdf AL2007-04.pdf PDF icon AL2007-04.pdf More Documents & Publications Preliminary Notice of Violation, BWXT Y-12 LLC - EA-2007-04 AL2007-05.doc&0; AL2007-09...

  18. AL2007-06.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6.pdf AL2007-06.pdf PDF icon AL2007-06.pdf More Documents & Publications AL2007-04.pdf AL2007-09.pdf RL-2007OMCPIA...

  19. Acquisition Letter No. AL 2013-08 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    8 Acquisition Letter No. AL 2013-08 PDF icon AL 2013-08.pdf More Documents & Publications Acquisition Letters No. AL 2013-05 Acquisiton Letter No. AL 2016-04 POLICY FLASH 2016-17

  20. Microsoft Word - AL2005-10.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    10.doc Microsoft Word - AL2005-10.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2005-10.doc More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - AL2005-16.doc Audit Report: IG-0860 Microsoft Word - AL2006-08

  1. Fourier-transform microwave spectroscopy and determination of the three dimensional potential energy surface for ArCS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Niida, Chisato; Nakajima, Masakazu; Endo, Yasuki; Sumiyoshi, Yoshihiro; Ohshima, Yasuhiro; Kohguchi, Hiroshi

    2014-03-14

    Pure rotational transitions of the ArCS van der Waals complex have been observed by Fourier Transform Microwave (FTMW) and FTMW-millimeter wave double resonance spectroscopy. Rotational transitions of v{sub s} = 0, 1, and 2 were able to be observed for normal CS, together with those of C{sup 34}S in v{sub s} = 0, where v{sub s} stands for the quantum number of the CS stretching vibration. The observed transition frequencies were analyzed by a free rotor model Hamiltonian, where rovibrational energies were calculated as dynamical motions of the three nuclei on a three-dimensional potential energy surface, expressed by analytical functions with 57 parameters. Initial values for the potential parameters were obtained by high-level ab initio calculations. Fifteen parameters were adjusted among the 57 parameters to reproduce all the observed transition frequencies with the standard deviation of the fit to be 0.028 MHz.

  2. Mathematical simulation of the amplification of 1790-nm laser radiation in a nuclear-excited He Ar plasma containing nanoclusters of uranium compounds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kosarev, V A; Kuznetsova, E E

    2014-02-28

    The possibility of applying dusty active media in nuclearpumped lasers has been considered. The amplification of 1790-nm radiation in a nuclear-excited dusty He Ar plasma is studied by mathematical simulation. The influence of nanoclusters on the component composition of the medium and the kinetics of the processes occurring in it is analysed using a specially developed kinetic model, including 72 components and more than 400 reactions. An analysis of the results indicates that amplification can in principle be implemented in an active laser He Ar medium containing 10-nm nanoclusters of metallic uranium and uranium dioxide. (lasers)

  3. Radioactive Waste Characterization Strategies; Comparisons Between AK/PK, Dose to Curie Modeling, Gamma Spectroscopy, and Laboratory Analysis Methods- 12194

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singledecker, Steven J.; Jones, Scotty W.; Dorries, Alison M.; Henckel, George; Gruetzmacher, Kathleen M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

    2012-07-01

    In the coming fiscal years of potentially declining budgets, Department of Energy facilities such as the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) will be looking to reduce the cost of radioactive waste characterization, management, and disposal processes. At the core of this cost reduction process will be choosing the most cost effective, efficient, and accurate methods of radioactive waste characterization. Central to every radioactive waste management program is an effective and accurate waste characterization program. Choosing between methods can determine what is classified as low level radioactive waste (LLRW), transuranic waste (TRU), waste that can be disposed of under an Authorized Release Limit (ARL), industrial waste, and waste that can be disposed of in municipal landfills. The cost benefits of an accurate radioactive waste characterization program cannot be overstated. In addition, inaccurate radioactive waste characterization of radioactive waste can result in the incorrect classification of radioactive waste leading to higher disposal costs, Department of Transportation (DOT) violations, Notice of Violations (NOVs) from Federal and State regulatory agencies, waste rejection from disposal facilities, loss of operational capabilities, and loss of disposal options. Any one of these events could result in the program that mischaracterized the waste losing its ability to perform it primary operational mission. Generators that produce radioactive waste have four characterization strategies at their disposal: - Acceptable Knowledge/Process Knowledge (AK/PK); - Indirect characterization using a software application or other dose to curie methodologies; - Non-Destructive Analysis (NDA) tools such as gamma spectroscopy; - Direct sampling (e.g. grab samples or Surface Contaminated Object smears) and laboratory analytical; Each method has specific advantages and disadvantages. This paper will evaluate each method detailing those advantages and disadvantages including; - Cost benefit analysis (basic materials costs, overall program operations costs, man-hours per sample analyzed, etc.); - Radiation Exposure As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA) program considerations; - Industrial Health and Safety risks; - Overall Analytical Confidence Level. The concepts in this paper apply to any organization with significant radioactive waste characterization and management activities working to within budget constraints and seeking to optimize their waste characterization strategies while reducing analytical costs. (authors)

  4. XMM-NEWTON MONITORING OF THE CLOSE PRE-MAIN-SEQUENCE BINARY AK SCO. EVIDENCE OF TIDE-DRIVEN FILLING OF THE INNER GAP IN THE CIRCUMBINARY DISK

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gomez de Castro, Ana Ines; Lopez-Santiago, Javier; Talavera, Antonio; Sytov, A. Yu.; Bisikalo, D.

    2013-03-20

    AK Sco stands out among pre-main-sequence binaries because of its prominent ultraviolet excess, the high eccentricity of its orbit, and the strong tides driven by it. AK Sco consists of two F5-type stars that get as close as 11 R{sub *} at periastron passage. The presence of a dense (n{sub e} {approx} 10{sup 11} cm{sup -3}) extended envelope has been unveiled recently. In this article, we report the results from an XMM-Newton-based monitoring of the system. We show that at periastron, X-ray and UV fluxes are enhanced by a factor of {approx}3 with respect to the apastron values. The X-ray radiation is produced in an optically thin plasma with T {approx} 6.4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 6} K and it is found that the N{sub H} column density rises from 0.35 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 21} cm{sup -2} at periastron to 1.11 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 21} cm{sup -2} at apastron, in good agreement with previous polarimetric observations. The UV emission detected in the Optical Monitor band seems to be caused by the reprocessing of the high-energy magnetospheric radiation on the circumstellar material. Further evidence of the strong magnetospheric disturbances is provided by the detection of line broadening of 278.7 km s{sup -1} in the N V line with Hubble Space Telescope/Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph. Numerical simulations of the mass flow from the circumbinary disk to the components have been carried out. They provide a consistent scenario with which to interpret AK Sco observations. We show that the eccentric orbit acts like a gravitational piston. At apastron, matter is dragged efficiently from the inner disk border, filling the inner gap and producing accretion streams that end as ring-like structures around each component of the system. At periastron, the ring-like structures come into contact, leading to angular momentum loss, and thus producing an accretion outburst.

  5. Interfacial reactions in epitaxial Al/TiN(111) model diffusion barriers: Formation of an impervious self-limited wurtzite-structure AIN(0001) blocking layer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chun, J.-S.; Desjardins, P.; Lavoie, C.; Shin, C.-S.; Cabral, C.; Petrov, I.; Greene, J. E.

    2001-06-15

    Single-crystal TiN(111) layers, 45 nm thick, were grown on MgO(111) by ultrahigh vacuum reactive magnetron sputter deposition in pure N{sub 2} discharges at T{sub s}=700{degree}C. Epitaxial Al(111) overlayers, 160 nm thick, were then deposited at T{sub s}=100{degree}C in Ar without breaking vacuum. Interfacial reactions and changes in bilayer microstructure due to annealing at 620 and 650{degree}C were investigated using x-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The interfacial regions of samples annealed at 620{degree}C consist of continuous {approx_equal}7-nm-thick epitaxial wurtzite-structure AlN(0001) layers containing a high density of stacking faults, with {approx_equal}22 nm thick tetragonal Al{sub 3}Ti(112) overlayers. Surprisingly, samples annealed at the higher temperature are more stable against Al{sub 3}Ti formation. TEM analyses of bilayers annealed at 650{degree}C (10{degree}C below the Al melting point!) reveal only the self-limited growth of an {approx_equal}3-nm-thick interfacial layer of perfect smooth epitaxial wurtzite-structure AlN(0001) which serves as an extremely effective deterrent for preventing further interlayer reactions. {copyright} 2001 American Institute of Physics.

  6. Summary Slides of ALS Industry Highlights

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Industry Highlights Print No. Slide Beamline Full Web Highlight ALSNews Volume 18 Collaboration Produces World's Best Metrology Tool 6.1.2 01.27.2016 Vol. 369 17 Takeda Advances Diabetes Research at ALS 5.0.2, 5.0.3 06.02.2015 Vol. 364 16 Metrology for Next-Generation Nanopatterning 7.3.3, 11.0.1 01.28.2015 Vol. 360 15 Caribou Biosciences Has Roots at ALS - 09.24.2014 Vol. 357 13 Lithium-Battery Dendrite Growth: A New View 8.3.2 04.30.2014 Vol. 352 12 IBM Probes Material Capabilities at the ALS

  7. ALS Reveals New State of Matter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Reveals New State of Matter Print ALS user groups from Princeton and Stanford have been making waves this past year with several high-profile papers and extensive news coverage of their work on a new state of matter embodied by "topological insulators," materials that conduct electricity only on their surfaces. First identified at the ALS in 2007 by a Princeton team led by M. Zahid Hasan, topological insulators have been the subject of intense interest, based on unusual quantum

  8. ALS Reveals New State of Matter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Reveals New State of Matter Print ALS user groups from Princeton and Stanford have been making waves this past year with several high-profile papers and extensive news coverage of their work on a new state of matter embodied by "topological insulators," materials that conduct electricity only on their surfaces. First identified at the ALS in 2007 by a Princeton team led by M. Zahid Hasan, topological insulators have been the subject of intense interest, based on unusual quantum

  9. ALS Reveals New State of Matter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Reveals New State of Matter Print ALS user groups from Princeton and Stanford have been making waves this past year with several high-profile papers and extensive news coverage of their work on a new state of matter embodied by "topological insulators," materials that conduct electricity only on their surfaces. First identified at the ALS in 2007 by a Princeton team led by M. Zahid Hasan, topological insulators have been the subject of intense interest, based on unusual quantum

  10. April 27, 2015-Special ALS Colloquium

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    April 27, 2015-Special ALS Colloquium April 27, 2015-Special ALS Colloquium Print Wednesday, 22 April 2015 13:19 Special Event on Monday, April 27 @ 12 noon, USB 15-253 X-Ray Microscopy: The First 120 Years Janos Kirz, ALS Abstract Röntgen's great discovery became an instant public sensation. Fascination with the "new kind of rays" that could reveal the structure of opaque objects swept the world in 1896. Fifty years later it was widely recognized that the short wavelength of the

  11. ALS Reveals New State of Matter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Reveals New State of Matter Print ALS user groups from Princeton and Stanford have been making waves this past year with several high-profile papers and extensive news coverage of their work on a new state of matter embodied by "topological insulators," materials that conduct electricity only on their surfaces. First identified at the ALS in 2007 by a Princeton team led by M. Zahid Hasan, topological insulators have been the subject of intense interest, based on unusual quantum

  12. ALS Reveals New State of Matter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Reveals New State of Matter Print ALS user groups from Princeton and Stanford have been making waves this past year with several high-profile papers and extensive news coverage of their work on a new state of matter embodied by "topological insulators," materials that conduct electricity only on their surfaces. First identified at the ALS in 2007 by a Princeton team led by M. Zahid Hasan, topological insulators have been the subject of intense interest, based on unusual quantum

  13. ALS Reveals New State of Matter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    New State of Matter Print ALS user groups from Princeton and Stanford have been making waves this past year with several high-profile papers and extensive news coverage of...

  14. Footprinting Technique Gives ALS Users New Insights

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    formation. The ALS XFP experts at Beamline 5.3.1. From left: Research Scientist Sayan Gupta, Beamline 5.3.1 Scientist Rich Celestre, and BCSB Head Corie Ralston. XFP, a powerful...

  15. Al Husseini Amelio JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solar Product: JV company to develop a 1GW solar plant in Jordan and an integrated 200MW thin-film module factory. References: Al-Husseini & Amelio JV1 This article is a stub....

  16. Western Baldwin County, AL Grid Interconnection Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas DeBell

    2011-09-30

    The Objective of this Project was to provide an additional supply of electricity to the affected portions of Baldwin County, AL through the purchase, installation, and operation of certain substation equipment.

  17. Summary Slides of ALS Industry Highlights

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Print No. Slide Beamline Full Web Highlight ALSNews Volume 17 Takeda Advances Diabetes Research at ALS 5.0.2, 5.0.3 06.02.2015 Vol. 364 16 Metrology for Next-Generation...

  18. Microsoft Word - AL2005-11.doc

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    appropriate reviews; and (5) ensure they pay only for what they negotiated. AL 2005-11 (071505) - 2 - Background DEAR 970.3102-3-70 DOE Policy is based on the assumption...

  19. 17th Annual ALS Users' Association Meeting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robinson, Art; Tamura, Lori

    2004-11-29

    It's not exactly Russian roulette, but scheduling October events outdoors is not risk-free, even in usually sunny California. An overflow crowd of more than 400 registered users, ALS staff, and vendors enjoyed a full indoor program featuring science highlights and workshops spread over two and a half days from October 18 to October 20. However, a major storm, heralding the onset of the San Francisco Bay Area rainy season, posed a few weather challenges for the events on the ALS patio.

  20. Footprinting Technique Gives ALS Users New Insights

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Footprinting Technique Gives ALS Users New Insights Print Recent research at ALS Beamline 5.3.1, detailed in this month's Science Highlight, revealed that an important photosynthetic mechanism called "nonphotochemical quenching" is triggered by the translocation of the carotenoid pigment within a critical light-sensitive protein called the Orange Carotenoid Protein (OCP). The x-ray footprinting (XFP) technique developed at 5.3.1 allowed researchers to confirm that this translocation

  1. Microsoft Word - AL2000-01.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AL2000-01.doc Microsoft Word - AL2000-01.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2000-01.doc More Documents & Publications AL/FAL 99-01 Department of Energy No Microsoft Word - al2005-04.doc

  2. Microsoft Word - al2005-06.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    al2005-06.doc Microsoft Word - al2005-06.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - al2005-06.doc More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - AL2006-01.doc OPAM Policy Acquisition Guides Acquisition Letter: AL2005-08

  3. Microsoft Word - AL2000-05.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    .doc Microsoft Word - AL2000-05.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2000-05.doc More Documents & Publications al99-06.doc&#0; Microsoft Word - AL2000-05Attachment.doc AL2004-01r2.pdf

  4. Microsoft Word - AL2004-02.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4-02.doc Microsoft Word - AL2004-02.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2004-02.doc More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - AL2005-02.doc Microsoft Word - al2005-04.doc Microsoft Word - AL-Omnibus FY 2009 Apr 22 2009 all sections

  5. Microsoft Word - AL2005-02.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    5-02.doc Microsoft Word - AL2005-02.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2005-02.doc More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - AL-Omnibus FY 2009 Apr 22 2009 all sections.doc Microsoft Word - AL2004-02.doc Microsoft Word - AL-Consolidated Approps FY 2008 as of feb 21 2008 final

  6. Microsoft Word - AL2005-14.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4.doc Microsoft Word - AL2005-14.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2005-14.doc More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - AL-Omnibus FY 2009 Apr 22 2009 all sections.doc Microsoft Word - AL-Consolidated Approps FY 2008 as of feb 21 2008 final.doc Microsoft Word - AL2006-08.doc

  7. AL2000-10Attach.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AL2000-10Attach.pdf AL2000-10Attach.pdf PDF icon AL2000-10Attach.pdf More Documents & Publications AL2000-10R.pdf AL2004-01r2.pdf Consent Order, Fluor Federal Services - EA-2000-10...

  8. Microsoft Word - al2007-11.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    al2007-11.doc Microsoft Word - al2007-11.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - al2007-11.doc More Documents & Publications Acquisition Letter: AL2005-08 Microsoft Word - al2004-03.doc OPAM Policy Acquisition Guides

  9. Microsoft Word - AL2006-08.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    6-08.doc Microsoft Word - AL2006-08.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2006-08.doc More Documents & Publications AL2007-05.doc&#0; Microsoft Word - AL2005-14.doc Microsoft Word - AL2006-03

  10. Theoretical investigation of HNgNH{sub 3}{sup +} ions (Ng = He, Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gao, Kunqi; Sheng, Li

    2015-04-14

    The equilibrium geometries, harmonic frequencies, and dissociation energies of HNgNH{sub 3}{sup +} ions (Ng = He, Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe) were investigated using the following method: Becke-3-parameter-Lee-Yang-Parr (B3LYP), Boese-Matrin for Kinetics (BMK), second-order Mller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2), and coupled-cluster with single and double excitations as well as perturbative inclusion of triples (CCSD(T)). The results indicate that HHeNH{sub 3}{sup +}, HArNH{sub 3}{sup +}, HKrNH{sub 3}{sup +}, and HXeNH{sub 3}{sup +} ions are metastable species that are protected from decomposition by high energy barriers, whereas the HNeNH{sub 3}{sup +} ion is unstable because of its relatively small energy barrier for decomposition. The bonding nature of noble-gas atoms in HNgNH{sub 3}{sup +} was also analyzed using the atoms in molecules approach, natural energy decomposition analysis, and natural bond orbital analysis.

  11. G I E Al Wahdoui | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    I E Al Wahdoui Jump to: navigation, search Name: G.I.E. Al Wahdoui Place: Morocco Zip: BP 131 Sector: Solar Product: GIE Al Wahdoui is developing a solar project in Plage, Morocco....

  12. Microsoft Word - AL2006-07.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    7.doc Microsoft Word - AL2006-07.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2006-07.doc More Documents & Publications OPAM Policy Acquisition Guides Personal Property Management Certification Brochure Microsoft Word - AL2005-07

  13. Microsoft Word - al2006-12.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    al2006-12.doc Microsoft Word - al2006-12.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - al2006-12.doc More Documents & Publications Department of Energy Special Report: DOE/IG-0934

  14. Microsoft Word - AL2006-01.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1.doc Microsoft Word - AL2006-01.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2006-01.doc More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - al2005-06.doc Chapter 19 - Small Business Programs OPAM Policy Acquisition Guides

  15. Microsoft Word - AL2006-02.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2.doc Microsoft Word - AL2006-02.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2006-02.doc More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - AL2006-03.doc Archived Financial Assistance Letters Microsoft Word - FAL2006-04.doc

  16. Microsoft Word - AL2008-06.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AL2008-06.doc Microsoft Word - AL2008-06.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2008-06.doc More Documents & Publications Chapter 9 - Contracting Qualifications Microsoft Word - PART 970.doc Microsoft Word - Matrixpart2.doc

  17. AL2010-04.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4.pdf AL2010-04.pdf PDF icon AL2010-04.pdf More Documents & Publications Financial Assistance Letter No. FAL 2010-04 Microsoft Word - Section 311 AL FAL Feb 17 2010 FAR Acquisition...

  18. AL2001-04.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1-04.pdf AL2001-04.pdf PDF icon AL2001-04.pdf More Documents & Publications FAL2001-04.pdf FAL2001-03.pdf AL2001-01...

  19. AL2006-05.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    5.pdf AL2006-05.pdf PDF icon AL2006-05.pdf More Documents & Publications 2006 EMAB Recommendation Summary Microsoft Word - AL2006-08.doc DOEECRReport2006(2).pdf...

  20. Acquisition Letter No. AL 2013-07 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    7 Acquisition Letter No. AL 2013-07 PDF icon AL 2013-07.pdf More Documents & Publications Policy Flash 2015-05 - Acquisition Letter 2015-02 Acquisition Letter No. AL 2015-02

  1. Microsoft Word - AL2006-11.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AL2006-11.doc Microsoft Word - AL2006-11.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2006-11.doc More Documents & Publications Subject: Cost and Price Analysis Subject: Cost and Price Analysis...

  2. al99-06.doc | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    .doc&#0; More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - AL2000-05.doc AL2007-05.doc&#0; AL2004-01r2.pdf

  3. AL2001-01.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1-01.pdf AL2001-01.pdf PDF icon AL2001-01.pdf More Documents & Publications FAL2001-03.pdf FAL2001-02.pdf AL2001-04

  4. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Alabama Ordnance Works - AL 02

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Alabama Ordnance Works - AL 02 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Alabama Ordnance Works (AL.02 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - Referred to DoD Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Sylacauga , Alabama AL.02-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 AL.02-1 Site Operations: Involved in the production of heavy water for the MED. AL.02-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No indication of residual radioactive contamination - Referred to DOD AL.02-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: None

  5. Promising Magnesium Battery Research at ALS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Promising Magnesium Battery Research at ALS Promising Magnesium Battery Research at ALS Print Wednesday, 23 January 2013 16:59 toyota battery a) Cross-section of the in situ electrochemical/XAS cell with annotations. b) Drawing and c) photograph of the assembled cell. Alternatives to the current lithium-ion-based car batteries are at the forefront of the automotive industry's research agenda-manufacturers want to build cars with longer battery life, and to do that they're going to have to find

  6. ALS History: The First 20 Years

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    History: The First 20 Years Print Below is an interactive timeline covering highlights of the first 20 years of ALS history. By no means exhaustive, it is meant to provide a broad overview of the people and events that have helped shape the ALS as well as a sense of the breadth of the science that has been done here. Click on items to see more detail. Slide the blue rectangle at bottom to move forward or backward in time. Color Key: Science Highlights (green); People and Events (orange);

  7. GA-AL-SC | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    GA-AL-SC GA-AL-SC October 1, 2012 ALA-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: PowerSouth Energy Cooperative System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Duke On-System System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Central System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: None System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-4-E

  8. Microsoft Word - AL2005-01.doc

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Acquisition Letters (AL) that remain in effect are identified below. All other previously issued ALs have been superseded by a formal rule-making, incorporated into other guidance, and/or canceled. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ACQUISITION LETTERS REMAINING IN EFFECT NUMBER DATE SUBJECT 93-4 04/07/93 Displaced Workers Benefits Program 94-19 12/09/94 Basic Labor Policies Fringe Benefits 95-06 06/28/95 Personal Property Letter System 95-14 11/17/95 Subcontracts under the New Independent States -

  9. Microsoft Word - AL2006-08.doc

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Acquisition Letters (AL) that remain in effect are identified below. All other previously issued ALs have been superseded by a formal rule-making, incorporated into other guidance, and/or canceled. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ACQUISITION LETTERS REMAINING IN EFFECT NUMBER DATE SUBJECT 93-4 04/07/93 Displaced Workers Benefits Program 94-19 12/09/94 Basic Labor Policies Fringe Benefits 95-06 06/28/95 Personal Property Letter System 95-14 11/17/95 Subcontracts under the New Independent States -

  10. Caribou Biosciences Has Roots at the ALS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Caribou Biosciences Has Roots at the ALS Caribou Biosciences Has Roots at the ALS Print Monday, 15 September 2014 11:01 When Rachel Haurwitz joined UC Berkeley biology professor Jennifer Doudna's lab in 2007 as a graduate student, little did the two women know that the interesting bacterial immune system they were studying would be the subject of news headlines and the basis for a biotech startup just a few years later. It turned out that the bacterial immune system they were studying, known as

  11. Field Mapping At Dixie Valley Geothermal Area (Smith, Et Al....

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Smith, Et Al., 2001) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Field Mapping At Dixie Valley Geothermal Area (Smith, Et Al., 2001)...

  12. Acquisitlon Letter No. AL 2008-06 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AL 2008-06 Acquisitlon Letter No. AL 2008-06 Subject: Domestic and Foreign Procurement Preference Requirements References: FAR Part 25 - Foreign Acquisition DEAR Part 925 - Foreign ...

  13. Moore Foundation Funds ALS Researchers for Promising New Technique...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Moore Foundation Funds ALS Researchers for Promising New Technique for Studying Materials Moore Foundation Funds ALS Researchers for Promising New Technique for Studying Materials...

  14. Fluid Inclusion Analysis At Geysers Area (Moore, Et Al., 2001...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Area (Moore, Et Al., 2001) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Fluid Inclusion Analysis At Geysers Area (Moore, Et Al., 2001)...

  15. Field Mapping At Chena Geothermal Area (Waring, Et Al., 1917...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  16. Radiometrics At Salt Wells Area (Henkle, Et Al., 2005) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Henkle, Et Al., 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Radiometrics At Salt Wells Area (Henkle, Et Al., 2005) Exploration Activity...

  17. Observation Wells At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al.,...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  18. ALS Gives Chevron Scientists New Insights into Corrosion Resistance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Gives Chevron Scientists New Insights into Corrosion Resistance ALS Gives Chevron Scientists New Insights into Corrosion Resistance Print Thursday, 25 July 2013 13:44 In the...

  19. Electronic circuits having NiAl and Ni.sub.3 Al substrates

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Deevi, Seetharama C. (Midlothian, VA); Sikka, Vinod K. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1999-01-01

    An electronic circuit component having improved mechanical properties and thermal conductivity comprises NiAl and/or Ni.sub.3 Al, upon which an alumina layer is formed prior to applying the conductive elements. Additional layers of copper-aluminum alloy or copper further improve mechanical strength and thermal conductivity.

  20. 2013,1,"AK",3522,"Chugach Electric Assn Inc",0,,,,0,0,,,,0,0,,,,0

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    STATE_CODE","UTILITY_ID","UTILNAME","RESIDENTIAL_GPREVENUES","COMMERCIAL_GPREVENUES","INDUSTRIAL_GPREVENUES","TRANS_GPREVENUES","TOTAL_GPREVENUES","RESIDENTIAL_GPGENERATION","COMMERCIAL_GPGENERATION","INDUSTRIAL_GPGENERATION","TRANS_GPGENERATION","TOTAL_GPGENERATION","RESIDENTIAL_GPCUSTOMERS","COMMERCIAL_GPCUSTOMERS","INDUSTRIAL_GPCUSTOMERS","TRANS_GPCUSTOMERS","TOTAL_GPCUSTOMERS" 2013,1,"AK",3522,"Chugach Electric Assn Inc",0,,,,0,0,,,,0,0,,,,0 2013,1,"AL",195,"Alabama Power Co",2.507,0.063,,,2.57,55.7,1.4,,,57.1,628,12,,,640 2013,1,"AL",4958,"Decatur Utilities",0.14,0.1,0,0,0.24,5.25,3.75,0,0,9,19,1,0,0,20 2013,1,"AL",6422,"City of Florence - (AL)",0.368,0,0,0,0.368,13.8,0,0,0,13.8,50,0,0,0,50 2013,1,"AL",9094,"City of Huntsville - (AL)",8.632,1.64,0,0,10.272,323.7,61.5,0,0,385.2,1022,4,0,0,1026 2013,1,"AL",9739,"Joe Wheeler Elec Member Corp",0.188,0,0,0,0.188,7.05,0,0,0,7.05,20,0,0,0,20 2013,1,"AR",14063,"Oklahoma Gas & Electric Co",0.314,0.222,0.029,0,0.565,86.294,63.454,8.333,0,158.081,88,1,1,0,90 2013,1,"AZ",803,"Arizona Public Service Co",8.198,35.475,,,43.673,2049.62,8868.77,,,10918.39,2739,85,,,2824 2013,1,"AZ",16572,"Salt River Project",,5.429,,,5.429,,502,,,502,,8,,,8 2013,1,"AZ",19189,"Trico Electric Cooperative Inc",0.01,,,,0.01,0.25,,,,0.25,3,,,,3 2013,1,"AZ",19728,"UNS Electric, Inc",1.471,0.077,,,1.548,44.83,2.74,,,47.57,248,7,,,255 2013,1,"AZ",24211,"Tucson Electric Power Co",18.123,2.247,0.399,,20.769,657.86,173.23,5.3,,836.39,2619,62,2,,2683 2013,1,"CA",11208,"Los Angeles Department of Water & Power",64.746,109.462,0.47,,174.678,2158.218,3648.722,15.676,,5822.616,16536,614,28,,17178 2013,1,"CA",12745,"Modesto Irrigation District",0.122,,,,0.122,0.639,,,,0.639,1,,,,1 2013,1,"CA",14328,"Pacific Gas & Electric Co",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0 2013,1,"CA",14354,"PacifiCorp",5.272,0.451,0.016,0,5.739,274.699,23.147,0.8,0,298.646,1223,38,2,0,1263 2013,1,"CA",14534,"City of Pasadena - (CA)",16.888,14.845,0,0,31.733,675.458,593.795,0,0,1269.253,1043,53,0,0,1096 2013,1,"CA",16534,"Sacramento Municipal Util Dist",219.094,7.646,63.401,,290.141,33465.982,771.746,7565.049,,41802.777,53171,1423,646,,55240 2013,1,"CA",17612,"Bear Valley Electric Service",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,1,"CA",18260,"Surprise Valley Electrificatio",0.045,0,0,0,0.045,1.8,0,0,0,1.8,9,0,0,0,9 2013,1,"CA",19281,"Turlock Irrigation District",0.015,,0.122,,0.137,2.99,,24.36,,27.35,6,,1,,7 2013,1,"CO",3989,"City of Colorado Springs - (CO)",2.513,0.654,,,3.167,235.6,33.8,,,269.4,743,16,,,759 2013,1,"CO",6604,"City of Fort Collins - (CO)",19.565,9.057,11.83,0,40.452,858.504,397.43,587.373,0,1843.307,1257,95,3,0,1355 2013,1,"CO",9336,"Intermountain Rural Elec Assn",0.418,,,,0.418,29,,,,29,43,,,,43 2013,1,"CO",12866,"Moon Lake Electric Assn Inc",0.036,,,,0.036,1.92,,,,1.92,4,,,,4 2013,1,"CO",15257,"Poudre Valley R E A, Inc",0.436,0.036,1.399,0,1.871,484.511,40.533,1554.178,0,2079.222,636,17,1,0,654 2013,1,"CO",15466,"Public Service Co of Colorado",277.472,142.981,,,420.453,12851.359,6623.167,,,19474.526,29441,788,,,30229 2013,1,"CO",16603,"San Luis Valley R E C, Inc",0.3,0.06,0.604,,0.964,75.1,15,151,,241.1,175,5,2,,182 2013,1,"CO",19499,"United Power, Inc",0.47,0.05,1.43,,1.95,527,50.4,1586.8,,2164.2,357,6,8,,371 2013,1,"CT",4176,"Connecticut Light & Power Co",181.909,23.844,0.747,0,206.5,19710.744,2410.9,75.421,0,22197.065,21408,371,7,0,21786 2013,1,"CT",7716,"Groton Dept of Utilities - (CT)",0.065,,,,0.065,5.9,,,,5.9,15,,,,15 2013,1,"CT",19497,"United Illuminating Co",41.54,,,,41.54,4237.62,,,,4237.62,5933,,,,5933 2013,1,"CT",20038,"Town of Wallingford - (CT)",1.688,0.113,0,0,1.801,153.447,10.274,0,0,163.721,230,4,0,0,234 2013,1,"DE",5070,"Delaware Electric Cooperative",0.059,,,,0.059,29.6,,,,29.6,35,,,,35 2013,1,"DE",13519,"City of Newark - (DE)",0.367,0,0,0,0.367,1751,0,0,0,1751,269,0,0,0,269 2013,1,"FL",18454,"Tampa Electric Co",13.23,2.89,0,0,16.12,529.2,115.6,0,0,644.8,2215,28,0,0,2243 2013,1,"GA",3408,"City of Chattanooga - (TN)",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,1,"GA",3916,"Cobb Electric Membership Corp",1.029,0.026,0.443,,1.498,30.881,0.765,13.3,,44.946,151,3,1,,155 2013,1,"GA",7140,"Georgia Power Co",27.42,16.46,22.46,,66.34,670,1430,2346,,4446,4107,44,6,,4157 2013,1,"GA",9601,"Jackson Electric Member Corp - (GA)",2.282,0.075,0.646,0,3.003,76.05,3,25.84,0,104.89,507,2,2,0,511 2013,1,"IA",9417,"Interstate Power and Light Co",45.4,2.9,,,48.3,5570.9,144.7,,,5715.6,6107,568,,,6675 2013,1,"ID",9191,"Idaho Power Co",10.229,5.453,0.017,,15.699,1203,642,2,,1847,2034,67,2,,2103 2013,1,"ID",11273,"Lower Valley Energy Inc",0.105,,,,0.105,9.006,,,,9.006,23,,,,23 2013,1,"ID",14354,"PacifiCorp",4.106,0.431,0.002,0,4.539,211.627,23.68,0.1,0,235.407,1167,27,1,0,1195 2013,1,"ID",20169,"Avista Corp",3.747,0.748,0,0,4.495,1124.1,224.4,0,0,1348.5,965,40,0,0,1005 2013,1,"IN",9273,"Indianapolis Power & Light Co",6.442,0.571,14.835,,21.848,4294.886,380.52,9890.167,,14565.573,4170,129,24,,4323 2013,1,"IN",15470,"Duke Energy Indiana Inc",8.128,,,,8.128,406.5,,,,406.5,1309,,,,1309 2013,1,"KS",10000,"Kansas City Power & Light Co",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,1,"KS",10005,"Kansas Gas & Electric Co",0.131,,,,0.131,13.1,,,,13.1,35,,,,35 2013,1,"KS",22500,"Westar Energy Inc",0.12,0.022,1.1,0,1.242,12,2.2,110,,124.2,37,1,1,,39 2013,1,"KY",10171,"Kentucky Utilities Co",2.69,0.085,0.004,0,2.779,795,25,1,0,821,536,18,1,0,555 2013,1,"KY",11249,"Louisville Gas & Electric Co",4.55,0.12,0,0,4.67,1330,38,0,0,1368,926,11,0,0,937 2013,1,"KY",14724,"Pennyrile Rural Electric Coop",0.212,0,0,0,0.212,7.95,0,0,0,7.95,37,0,0,0,37 2013,1,"KY",17564,"South Kentucky Rural E C C",0.539,0.003,,,0.542,19.6,0.1,,,19.7,172,1,,,173 2013,1,"KY",19446,"Duke Energy Kentucky",0.507,,,,0.507,47.6,,,,47.6,116,,,,116 2013,1,"KY",20130,"Warren Rural Elec Coop Corp",0.088,0.02,0,0,0.108,3.3,0.75,0,0,4.05,14,1,0,0,15 2013,1,"MA",11804,"Massachusetts Electric Co",74.761,2.618,0.018,0,77.397,3332.112,103.699,0.717,0,3436.528,5179,199,3,0,5381 2013,1,"MA",13206,"Nantucket Electric Co",0.342,0.243,0,0,0.585,13.526,9.159,0,0,22.685,31,8,0,0,39 2013,1,"MI",3828,"Cloverland Electric Co-op",0.1,,,,0.1,10.858,,,,10.858,36,,,,36 2013,1,"MI",4254,"Consumers Energy Co",41,14,7,,62,41,1817,88,,1946,14389,114,3,,14506 2013,1,"MI",5109,"The DTE Electric Company",97,5,18,0,120,4283,225,887,0,5395,23341,113,25,0,23479 2013,1,"MI",10704,"City of Lansing - (MI)",2.922,0.818,0.007,0,3.747,97.5,27.25,0.25,0,125,390,109,1,0,500 2013,1,"MI",13780,"Northern States Power Co",0.091,,,,0.091,7.595,,,,7.595,15,,,,15 2013,1,"MI",19578,"Upper Peninsula Power Co",0.613,0,0,0,0.613,25.55,0,0,0,25.55,119,0,0,0,119 2013,1,"MI",20847,"Wisconsin Electric Power Co",2.14,0.091,0,0,2.231,71,3,0,0,74,275,5,0,0,280 2013,1,"MI",20860,"Wisconsin Public Service Corp",0.073,0.005,0,0,0.078,4.7,0.3,0,0,5,17,1,0,0,18 2013,1,"MN",689,"Connexus Energy",1.807,0.092,5.968,0,7.867,371.7,15,978.296,0,1364.996,471,3,1,0,475 2013,1,"MN",5574,"East Central Energy",1.255,0.07,0,0,1.325,313.8,17.6,0,0,331.4,894,24,0,0,918 2013,1,"MN",9417,"Interstate Power and Light Co",4.2,0.1,,,4.3,556.5,5.3,,,561.8,549,55,,,604 2013,1,"MN",12647,"Minnesota Power Inc",2.843,0.608,,,3.451,113.7,22.3,,,136,618,16,,,634 2013,1,"MN",13781,"Northern States Power Co - Minnesota",299.015,244.218,,,543.233,8470.68,6918.365,,,15389.045,20885,240,,,21125 2013,1,"MN",14232,"Otter Tail Power Co",0.767,1.078,0,0,1.845,59,82.9,0,0,141.9,263,32,0,0,295 2013,1,"MN",16181,"Rochester Public Utilities",0.165,0.074,0,0,0.239,47.042,18.417,0,0,65.459,66,1,0,0,67 2013,1,"MN",20996,"Wright-Hennepin Coop Elec Assn",0.334,8.149,,,8.483,33.4,814.9,,,848.3,79,1,,,80 2013,1,"MN",25177,"Dakota Electric Association",2.238,0.059,1.557,,3.854,559.5,14.8,389.2,,963.5,1365,82,22,,1469 2013,1,"MO",4675,"Cuivre River Electric Coop Inc",0.943,0.035,,,0.978,37.7,1.4,,,39.1,142,2,,,144 2013,1,"MO",10000,"Kansas City Power & Light Co",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,1,"MO",12698,"KCP&L Greater Missouri Operations Co.",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,1,"MO",17833,"City Utilities of Springfield - (MO)",0.842,0.13,0,0,0.972,35.7,7.9,0,0,43.6,149,8,0,0,157 2013,1,"MO",19436,"Union Electric Co - (MO)",71.2,,,,71.2,4748,,,,4748,6868,,,,6868 2013,1,"MS",6641,"4-County Electric Power Assn",0.204,0,0,0,0.204,7.65,0,0,0,7.65,25,0,0,0,25 2013,1,"MS",12686,"Mississippi Power Co",0.02,,,,0.02,0.4,,,,0.4,2,,,,2 2013,1,"MS",19273,"City of Tupelo - (MS)",0.04,1,0,0,1.04,1.5,37.5,0,0,39,5,1,0,0,6 2013,1,"MT",6395,"Flathead Electric Coop Inc",1.63,,,,1.63,326,,,,326,326,,,,326 2013,1,"MT",12825,"NorthWestern Energy LLC - (MT)",1.952,3.266,0,0,5.218,97.6,163.3,0,0,260.9,307,19,0,0,326 2013,1,"MT",20997,"Yellowstone Valley Elec Co-op",0.02,,,,0.02,0.5,,,,0.5,12,,,,12 2013,1,"NC",3046,"Progress Energy Carolinas Inc",19.469,0.904,0.096,,20.469,486.729,36.16,3.84,,526.729,3298,83,2,,3383 2013,1,"NC",5416,"Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC",32.928,8.54,,,41.468,823.2,213.5,,,1036.7,5901,179,,,6080 2013,1,"NC",6235,"Public Works Comm-City of Fayetteville",0.308,0,0,0,0.308,7.7,0,0,0,7.7,57,0,0,0,57 2013,1,"NC",9837,"Jones-Onslow Elec Member Corp",0.196,,,,0.196,4.9,,,,4.9,49,,,,49 2013,1,"NC",16496,"Rutherford Elec Member Corp",0.14,,,,0.14,3.5,,,,3.5,24,,,,24 2013,1,"NC",24889,"Brunswick Electric Member Corp",0.329,0,0,0,0.329,8.225,0,0,0,8.225,71,0,0,0,71 2013,1,"ND",12087,"McKenzie Electric Coop Inc",0.001,,,,0.001,0.1,,,,0.1,1,,,,1 2013,1,"ND",14232,"Otter Tail Power Co",0.511,0.12,0,0,0.631,39.321,9.2,0,0,48.521,195,14,0,0,209 2013,1,"NH",13441,"New Hampshire Elec Coop Inc",1.689,0.057,0,0,1.746,56.3,1.9,0,0,58.2,236,7,0,0,243 2013,1,"NH",15472,"Public Service Co of NH",2.406,0.47,0.105,0,2.981,101.332,46.972,3.798,0,152.102,158,9,2,0,169 2013,1,"NH",24590,"Unitil Energy Systems",0.463,0.004,0,0,0.467,14.438,0.065,0,0,14.503,25,1,0,0,26 2013,1,"NH",26510,"Granite State Electric Co",1.135,0.074,,,1.209,29.382,2.324,,,31.706,103,7,,,110 2013,1,"NJ",963,"Atlantic City Electric Co",6.266,1.458,0,0,7.724,477.501,79.252,0,0,556.753,771,12,0,0,783 2013,1,"NJ",16213,"Rockland Electric Co",1.784,0.006,0,0,1.79,131.281,0.667,0,0,131.948,119,1,0,0,120 2013,1,"NM",5701,"El Paso Electric Co",0.671,2.023,0,0,2.694,11.5,64.6,0,0,76.1,62,15,0,0,77 2013,1,"NM",6204,"City of Farmington - (NM)",0.035,0,0,0,0.035,1.9,0,0,0,1.9,6,0,0,0,6 2013,1,"NM",11204,"Los Alamos County",0.885,0.052,,,0.937,157.6,11.039,,,168.639,3333,10,,,3343 2013,1,"NM",15473,"Public Service Co of NM",21.724,4.901,1.134,0,27.759,5172.37,1166.87,269.91,0,6609.15,12248,464,3,0,12715 2013,1,"NM",17718,"Southwestern Public Service Co",12.153,1.439,,,13.592,405.088,47.982,,,453.07,827,91,,,918 2013,1,"NV",13073,"Mt Wheeler Power, Inc",0.12,0.002,,,0.122,6.2,0.1,,,6.3,21,1,,,22 2013,1,"NY",11171,"Long Island Power Authority",11.169,1.617,,,12.786,409,587,,,996,540,140,,,680 2013,1,"NY",13511,"New York State Elec & Gas Corp",100.211,4.478,1.008,,105.697,4048,213,47,,4308,14873,255,6,,15134 2013,1,"NY",13573,"Niagara Mohawk Power Corp.",103.04,2.12,1.06,0,106.22,5970,123,62,0,6155,8045,166,83,0,8294 2013,1,"NY",16183,"Rochester Gas & Electric Corp",37.822,0.735,,,38.557,1535.1,40.692,,,1575.792,5567,73,,,5640 2013,1,"OH",3542,"Duke Energy Ohio Inc",2.756,,,,2.756,275.6,,,,275.6,634,,,,634 2013,1,"OH",14006,"Ohio Power Co",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,1,"OK",7490,"Grand River Dam Authority",0,0,54.776,,54.776,0,0,13694,,13694,0,0,1,,1 2013,1,"OK",13734,"Northeast Oklahoma Electric Co",0.218,0.004,0,0,0.222,26.6,0.5,0,0,27.1,152,3,0,0,155 2013,1,"OK",14062,"Oklahoma Electric Coop Inc",0.824,0,0,0,0.824,164.9,0,0,0,164.9,1649,0,0,0,1649 2013,1,"OK",14063,"Oklahoma Gas & Electric Co",171.747,317.054,16.633,0,505.434,7733.377,19106.41,1935.612,0,28775.399,9681,837,38,0,10556 2013,1,"OK",15474,"Public Service Co of Oklahoma",15.434,0.336,0,0,15.77,457.587,9.634,0,0,467.221,673,8,0,0,681 2013,1,"OR",1738,"Bonneville Power Administration",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,1,"OR",6022,"City of Eugene - (OR)",23.141,12.428,0,0,35.569,2226,1153,0,0,3379,2443,246,0,0,2689 2013,1,"OR",9191,"Idaho Power Co",0.093,,,,0.093,11,,,,11,18,,,,18 2013,1,"OR",14354,"PacifiCorp",408.297,81.386,27.237,0,516.92,35002.862,8816.17,3558.931,0,47377.963,41305,1371,65,0,42741 2013,1,"OR",15248,"Portland General Electric Co",806.261,27.751,101.307,0,935.319,76384.997,2622.585,5959.253,0,84966.835,85894,1947,145,0,87986 2013,1,"OR",40437,"Emerald People's Utility Dist",12.284,6.469,0,0,18.753,1535.477,808.62,0,0,2344.097,34,34,0,0,68 2013,1,"PA",14715,"PPL Electric Utilities Corp",2.59,,,,2.59,103.7,,,,103.7,335,,,,335 2013,1,"PA",14940,"PECO Energy Co",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,1,"RI",13214,"The Narragansett Electric Co",60.105,1.484,0.044,0,61.633,2596.708,58.236,1.626,0,2656.57,4021,102,1,0,4124 2013,1,"SC",1613,"Berkeley Electric Coop Inc",1.317,0.03,0,0,1.347,43.9,0.439,0,0,44.339,333,4,,,337 2013,1,"SC",3046,"Progress Energy Carolinas Inc",0.229,0.028,,,0.257,5.723,1.12,,,6.843,47,2,,,49 2013,1,"SC",5416,"Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC",0.596,0.004,,,0.6,14.9,0.1,,,15,110,1,,,111 2013,1,"SC",14398,"Palmetto Electric Coop Inc",2.034,2.411,2.454,0,6.899,67.8,105.317,81.8,0,254.917,458,30,3,0,491 2013,1,"SC",17539,"South Carolina Electric&Gas Co",1.037,0,226.131,0,227.168,25.925,0,8228.212,0,8254.137,192,0,2,0,194 2013,1,"SC",17543,"South Carolina Public Service Authority",9.441,26.736,0.287,0,36.464,298.9,891.2,9.583,0,1199.683,1600,396,1,0,1997 2013,1,"SD",14232,"Otter Tail Power Co",0.315,0.23,0,0,0.545,8.2,6,0,0,14.2,41,5,0,0,46 2013,1,"SD",20401,"West River Electric Assn Inc",0.034,,,,0.034,17.1,,,,17.1,80,,,,80 2013,1,"TN",727,"Appalachian Electric Coop",0.292,0.1,0,0,0.392,10.95,3.75,0,0,14.7,36,1,0,0,37 2013,1,"TN",2247,"City of Bristol - (TN)",0.192,0.012,0,0,0.204,7.2,0.45,0,0,7.65,18,3,0,0,21 2013,1,"TN",3408,"City of Chattanooga - (TN)",5.912,6.292,0,0,12.204,221.7,235.95,0,0,457.65,816,29,0,0,845 2013,1,"TN",3704,"City of Clarksville - (TN)",0.696,1.74,0,0,2.436,26.1,65.25,0,0,91.35,91,5,0,0,96 2013,1,"TN",3758,"City of Cleveland - (TN)",0.208,0,0,0,0.208,7.8,0,0,0,7.8,34,0,0,0,34 2013,1,"TN",3812,"City of Clinton - (TN)",0.408,0.344,0,0,0.752,15.3,12.9,0,0,28.2,57,5,0,0,62 2013,1,"TN",4624,"Cumberland Elec Member Corp",1.152,0.152,0,0,1.304,43.2,5.7,0,0,48.9,165,7,0,0,172 2013,1,"TN",5399,"Duck River Elec Member Corp",1.324,2.296,0,0,3.62,49.65,86.1,0,0,135.75,175,8,0,0,183 2013,1,"TN",7174,"Gibson Electric Members Corp",0.2,0.1,0,0,0.3,7.5,3.75,0,0,11.25,39,1,0,0,40 2013,1,"TN",7625,"City of Greeneville - (TN)",0.052,0.1,0,0,0.152,1.95,3.75,0,0,5.7,10,1,0,0,11 2013,1,"TN",9777,"Johnson City - (TN)",2.552,0.472,0,0,3.024,95.7,17.7,0,0,113.4,335,8,0,0,343 2013,1,"TN",10421,"Knoxville Utilities Board",19.256,26.664,0,0,45.92,700.5,1262.4,0,0,1962.9,2245,69,0,0,2314 2013,1,"TN",10906,"City of Lenoir - (TN)",3.588,0.212,0,0,3.8,115.35,7.05,0,0,122.4,362,9,0,0,371 2013,1,"TN",12293,"City of Memphis - (TN)",17.07,1.986,4.812,0,23.868,426.75,49.65,120.3,0,596.7,1308,21,3,0,1332 2013,1,"TN",12470,"Middle Tennessee E M C",4.836,0.872,0,0,5.708,181.35,32.7,0,0,214.05,550,13,0,0,563 2013,1,"TN",13216,"Nashville Electric Service",21.372,7.504,0,0,28.876,801.45,281.4,0,0,1082.85,2429,63,0,0,2492 2013,1,"TN",17694,"Southwest Tennessee E M C",0.196,0.02,0,0,0.216,7.35,0.75,0,0,8.1,18,1,0,0,19 2013,1,"TN",19574,"Upper Cumberland E M C",0.392,0.048,0,0,0.44,14.7,1.8,0,0,16.5,29,3,0,0,32 2013,1,"TN",19898,"Volunteer Electric Coop",0.8,0.388,0,0,1.188,30,14.55,0,0,44.55,93,7,0,0,100 2013,1,"TX",5701,"El Paso Electric Co",2.823,0.088,0,0,2.911,79.9,2.5,0,0,82.4,370,6,0,0,376 2013,1,"TX",16604,"City of San Antonio - (TX)",48.654,51.084,0.384,0,100.122,4425.609,5090.967,38.376,0,9554.952,6462,557,1,0,7020 2013,1,"UT",12866,"Moon Lake Electric Assn Inc",0.148,0.022,,,0.17,7.99,1.212,,,9.202,17,1,,,18 2013,1,"UT",13073,"Mt Wheeler Power, Inc",0.021,,,,0.021,1.1,,,,1.1,2,,,,2 2013,1,"UT",14354,"PacifiCorp",158.394,33.901,9.139,0,201.434,8152.211,2846.716,1173.5,0,12172.427,35413,807,25,0,36245 2013,1,"UT",17874,"City of St George",0.084,0,0,0,0.084,2.84,0,0,0,2.84,8,0,0,0,8 2013,1,"VA",733,"Appalachian Power Co",0.221,,,,0.221,14.76,,,,14.76,11,,,,11 2013,1,"VA",17066,"Shenandoah Valley Elec Coop",0.213,0,0,0,0.213,14.246,0,0,0,14.246,12,0,0,0,12 2013,1,"VA",19876,"Virginia Electric & Power Co",166.416,14.353,0.762,0,181.531,12801.234,3064.185,58.615,0,15924.034,15248,226,1,0,15475 2013,1,"VT",7601,"Green Mountain Power Corp",39.65,10.83,0,0,50.48,1068,276,0,0,1344,3998,216,0,0,4214 2013,1,"WA",1738,"Bonneville Power Administration",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,1,"WA",14354,"PacifiCorp",10.666,3.788,0.006,0,14.46,547.74,316.508,0.3,0,864.548,2669,112,3,0,2784 2013,1,"WA",15500,"Puget Sound Energy Inc",334.185,64.655,0,0,398.84,26734.802,9103.828,0,0,35838.63,34030,959,0,0,34989 2013,1,"WA",17470,"Snohomish County PUD No 1",,2.091,,,2.091,,243.95,,,243.95,,16,,,16 2013,1,"WA",18429,"City of Tacoma - (WA)",6.11,2.57,0,0,8.68,509,214,0,0,723,1161,21,0,0,1182 2013,1,"WA",20169,"Avista Corp",9.34,5.835,0.144,0,15.319,2802,1750.5,43.2,0,4595.7,2374,64,2,0,2440 2013,1,"WI",5574,"East Central Energy",0.109,0,0,0,0.109,27.3,0,0,0,27.3,88,0,0,0,88 2013,1,"WI",11479,"Madison Gas & Electric Co",158,111,1,,270,5110,5939,29,,11078,12045,951,9,,13005 2013,1,"WI",13780,"Northern States Power Co",8.698,4.609,,,13.307,634.884,336.445,,,971.329,1277,55,,,1332 2013,1,"WI",20847,"Wisconsin Electric Power Co",166.97,40.3,44.391,0,251.661,9264,2329,3139,0,14732,18251,601,23,0,18875 2013,1,"WI",20856,"Wisconsin Power & Light Co",72.336,8.4,,,80.736,5682.6,417.2,,,6099.8,7122,971,,,8093 2013,1,"WI",20860,"Wisconsin Public Service Corp",13.098,8.448,0,0,21.546,545.77,352,0,0,897.77,1838,56,0,0,1894 2013,1,"WV",733,"Appalachian Power Co",0.011,,,,0.011,0.7,,,,0.7,2,,,,2 2013,1,"WY",3461,"Cheyenne Light Fuel & Power Co",0.291,0.581,,,0.872,8.314,16.6,,,24.914,28,7,,,35 2013,1,"WY",7222,"City of Gillette - (WY)",0.45,0.492,0,0,0.942,30,32.8,0,0,62.8,39,6,0,0,45 2013,1,"WY",11273,"Lower Valley Energy Inc",12.326,4.929,9.552,,26.807,1059.429,504.749,1138.606,,2702.784,1126,387,33,,1546 2013,1,"WY",14354,"PacifiCorp",15.753,0.84,0.903,0,17.496,814.892,43.2,110.8,0,968.892,3839,105,3,0,3947 2013,1,"WY",19156,"Powder River Energy Corp",0.032,0.028,,,0.06,16.2,13.8,,,30,24,2,,,26 2013,1,,99999,"National Total",4792.148,1589.407,655.869,0,7037.424,350819.302,108835.977,66013.422,0,525668.701,603911,18477,1249,0,623637 2013,2,"AL",195,"Alabama Power Co",2.558,0.072,,,2.63,56.85,1.6,,,58.45,634,12,,,646 2013,2,"AL",4958,"Decatur Utilities",0.14,0.1,0,0,0.24,5.25,3.75,0,0,9,19,1,0,0,20 2013,2,"AL",6422,"City of Florence - (AL)",0.36,0,0,0,0.36,13.5,0,0,0,13.5,49,0,0,0,49 2013,2,"AL",9094,"City of Huntsville - (AL)",8.544,1.64,0,0,10.184,320.4,61.5,0,0,381.9,1013,4,0,0,1017 2013,2,"AL",9739,"Joe Wheeler Elec Member Corp",0.188,0,0,0,0.188,7.05,0,0,0,7.05,20,0,0,0,20 2013,2,"AR",14063,"Oklahoma Gas & Electric Co",0.279,0.235,0.029,0,0.543,76.151,67.134,8.333,0,151.618,85,2,1,0,88 2013,2,"AZ",803,"Arizona Public Service Co",7.164,40.617,,,47.781,1791.018,10154.21,,,11945.228,2714,84,,,2798 2013,2,"AZ",16572,"Salt River Project",,5.044,,,5.044,,466,,,466,,8,,,8 2013,2,"AZ",19189,"Trico Electric Cooperative Inc",0.01,,,,0.01,0.25,,,,0.25,3,,,,3 2013,2,"AZ",19728,"UNS Electric, Inc",1.387,0.077,,,1.464,43.63,2.74,,,46.37,236,7,,,243 2013,2,"AZ",24211,"Tucson Electric Power Co",15.866,2.383,0.399,,18.648,575.93,180.79,5.3,,762.02,2533,60,2,,2595 2013,2,"CA",11208,"Los Angeles Department of Water & Power",67.077,105.929,0.395,,173.401,2235.918,3530.96,13.174,,5780.052,16512,627,17,,17156 2013,2,"CA",12745,"Modesto Irrigation District",0.116,,,,0.116,0.605,,,,0.605,1,,,,1 2013,2,"CA",14354,"PacifiCorp",5.193,0.449,0.016,0,5.658,267.638,23.03,0.8,0,291.468,1220,38,2,0,1260 2013,2,"CA",14534,"City of Pasadena - (CA)",9.243,6.621,,,15.864,369.68,264.838,,,634.518,567,23,,,590 2013,2,"CA",16534,"Sacramento Municipal Util Dist",194.815,6.859,60.348,,262.022,26474.29,693.025,6049.057,,33216.372,53268,1414,645,,55327 2013,2,"CA",17612,"Bear Valley Electric Service",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,2,"CA",18260,"Surprise Valley Electrificatio",0.03,0,0,0,0.03,1.2,0,0,0,1.2,6,0,0,0,6 2013,2,"CA",19281,"Turlock Irrigation District",0.015,,0.147,,0.162,2.995,,29.36,,32.355,6,,1,,7 2013,2,"CO",3989,"City of Colorado Springs - (CO)",5.488,0.512,10.578,,16.578,532.7,38.8,269.5,,841,1116,13,3,,1132 2013,2,"CO",6604,"City of Fort Collins - (CO)",16.784,10.696,0.557,0,28.037,659.762,420.421,21.875,0,1102.058,1185,92,2,0,1279 2013,2,"CO",9336,"Intermountain Rural Elec Assn",0.418,,,,0.418,30,,,,30,44,,,,44 2013,2,"CO",12866,"Moon Lake Electric Assn Inc",0.066,,,,0.066,3.58,,,,3.58,4,,,,4 2013,2,"CO",15257,"Poudre Valley R E A, Inc",0.421,0.036,1.316,,1.773,467.667,40.533,1462.156,,1970.356,635,17,1,,653 2013,2,"CO",15466,"Public Service Co of Colorado",218.716,126.556,,,345.272,10129.88,5862.309,,,15992.189,29402,784,,,30186 2013,2,"CO",16603,"San Luis Valley R E C, Inc",0.296,0.065,0.604,,0.965,73.9,16.2,151,,241.1,168,12,2,,182 2013,2,"CO",19499,"United Power, Inc",0.47,0.05,2.16,,2.68,520.4,50.5,2401,,2971.9,355,6,8,,369 2013,2,"CT",4176,"Connecticut Light & Power Co",174.364,22.601,0.693,0,197.658,18933.921,2287.732,69.942,0,21291.595,21539,368,10,0,21917 2013,2,"CT",7716,"Groton Dept of Utilities - (CT)",0.065,,,,0.065,5.9,,,,5.9,15,,,,15 2013,2,"CT",19497,"United Illuminating Co",42.21,,,,42.21,4305.87,,,,4305.87,5935,,,,5935 2013,2,"CT",20038,"Town of Wallingford - (CT)",1.547,0.121,0,0,1.668,140.6,11.027,0,0,151.627,228,4,0,0,232 2013,2,"DE",5070,"Delaware Electric Cooperative",0.059,,,,0.059,29.6,,,,29.6,35,,,,35 2013,2,"DE",13519,"City of Newark - (DE)",0.367,0,0,0,0.367,1751,0,0,0,1751,269,0,0,0,269 2013,2,"FL",18454,"Tampa Electric Co",13.18,2.88,0,0,16.06,527.2,115.2,0,0,642.4,2206,26,0,0,2232 2013,2,"GA",3408,"City of Chattanooga - (TN)",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,2,"GA",3916,"Cobb Electric Membership Corp",0.907,0.023,0.4,,1.33,27.202,0.69,12.013,,39.905,151,3,1,,155 2013,2,"GA",7140,"Georgia Power Co",27.53,17,22.46,,66.99,672,1431,2346,,4449,4122,42,6,,4170 2013,2,"GA",9601,"Jackson Electric Member Corp - (GA)",2.282,0.075,0.544,0,2.901,76.05,3,21.768,0,100.818,507,2,2,0,511 2013,2,"IA",9417,"Interstate Power and Light Co",39.3,2.9,,,42.2,4816,143.8,,,4959.8,6097,563,,,6660 2013,2,"ID",9191,"Idaho Power Co",10.104,5.557,0.017,0,15.678,1189,654,2,0,1845,2018,66,2,0,2086 2013,2,"ID",11273,"Lower Valley Energy Inc",0.105,,,,0.105,9.076,,,,9.076,23,,,,23 2013,2,"ID",14354,"PacifiCorp",4.172,0.401,0.002,0,4.575,213.241,23.797,0.1,0,237.138,1161,27,1,0,1189 2013,2,"ID",20169,"Avista Corp",3.735,0.748,0,0,4.483,1120.5,224.4,0,0,1344.9,968,40,0,0,1008 2013,2,"IN",9273,"Indianapolis Power & Light Co",4.498,0.444,8.201,,13.143,2998.883,293.547,5469.37,,8761.8,4188,128,25,,4341 2013,2,"IN",15470,"Duke Energy Indiana Inc",7.967,,,,7.967,796.7,,,,796.7,1304,,,,1304 2013,2,"KS",10000,"Kansas City Power & Light Co",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,2,"KS",10005,"Kansas Gas & Electric Co",0.131,,,,0.131,13.1,,,,13.1,34,,,,34 2013,2,"KS",22500,"Westar Energy Inc",0.117,0.022,1,,1.139,11.7,2.2,100,,113.9,36,1,1,,38 2013,2,"KY",10171,"Kentucky Utilities Co",6.795,0.212,0.009,0,7.016,3808,119,5,0,3932,536,18,1,0,555 2013,2,"KY",11249,"Louisville Gas & Electric Co",10.98,0.243,0.067,0,11.29,6149,137,38,0,6324,914,11,1,0,926 2013,2,"KY",14724,"Pennyrile Rural Electric Coop",0.212,0,0,0,0.212,7.95,0,0,0,7.95,37,0,0,0,37 2013,2,"KY",17564,"South Kentucky Rural E C C",0.539,0.003,0,0,0.542,19.6,0.1,0,0,19.7,172,1,0,0,173 2013,2,"KY",19446,"Duke Energy Kentucky",0.521,,,,0.521,49,,,,49,118,,,,118 2013,2,"KY",20130,"Warren Rural Elec Coop Corp",0.088,0.02,0,0,0.108,3.3,0.75,0,0,4.05,14,1,0,0,15 2013,2,"MA",11804,"Massachusetts Electric Co",69.404,2.75,0.014,0,72.168,3070.386,106.677,0.559,0,3177.622,5183,208,3,0,5394 2013,2,"MA",13206,"Nantucket Electric Co",0.336,0.245,0,0,0.581,13.056,9.301,0,0,22.357,32,7,0,0,39 2013,2,"MI",3828,"Cloverland Electric Co-op",0.1,,,,0.1,10.87,,,,10.87,34,,,,34 2013,2,"MI",4254,"Consumers Energy Co",40,13,1,,54,4013,1809,88,,5910,18636,95,2,,18733 2013,2,"MI",5109,"The DTE Electric Company",87,4,16,0,107,3785,177,799,0,4761,21658,109,25,0,21792 2013,2,"MI",10704,"City of Lansing - (MI)",2.874,0.818,0.008,0,3.7,95.75,27.25,0.25,0,123.25,383,109,1,0,493 2013,2,"MI",13780,"Northern States Power Co",0.079,,,,0.079,6.56,,,,6.56,15,,,,15 2013,2,"MI",19578,"Upper Peninsula Power Co",0.607,,,,0.607,25.3,,,,25.3,118,,,,118 2013,2,"MI",20847,"Wisconsin Electric Power Co",1.549,0.086,,,1.635,51,3,,,54,269,5,,,274 2013,2,"MI",20860,"Wisconsin Public Service Corp",0.073,0.005,,,0.078,4.7,0.3,,,5,17,1,,,18 2013,2,"MN",689,"Connexus Energy",1.837,0.092,6.024,0,7.953,376.7,15,987.58,0,1379.28,471,3,1,0,475 2013,2,"MN",5574,"East Central Energy",1.255,0.07,0,0,1.325,313.8,17.6,0,0,331.4,894,24,0,0,918 2013,2,"MN",9417,"Interstate Power and Light Co",3.6,0.1,,,3.7,472.9,5.3,,,478.2,549,55,,,604 2013,2,"MN",12647,"Minnesota Power Inc",2.819,0.508,,,3.327,112.3,20.3,,,132.6,582,15,,,597 2013,2,"MN",13781,"Northern States Power Co - Minnesota",242.939,158.251,,,401.19,6882.134,4483.034,,,11365.168,20895,240,,,21135 2013,2,"MN",14232,"Otter Tail Power Co",0.672,1.063,0,0,1.735,51.724,81.8,0,0,133.524,245,30,0,0,275 2013,2,"MN",16181,"Rochester Public Utilities",0.165,0.074,0,0,0.239,47.043,18.417,0,0,65.46,66,1,0,0,67 2013,2,"MN",20996,"Wright-Hennepin Coop Elec Assn",0.334,9.596,,,9.93,33.4,959.6,,,993,79,1,,,80 2013,2,"MN",25177,"Dakota Electric Association",2.241,0.059,1.075,,3.375,560.2,14.8,268.7,,843.7,1363,82,22,,1467 2013,2,"MO",4675,"Cuivre River Electric Coop Inc",0.943,0.035,0,0,0.978,37.7,1.4,0,0,39.1,142,2,0,0,144 2013,2,"MO",10000,"Kansas City Power & Light Co",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,2,"MO",12698,"KCP&L Greater Missouri Operations Co.",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,2,"MO",17833,"City Utilities of Springfield - (MO)",0.84,0.13,,,0.97,35.7,7.9,,,43.6,148,8,,,156 2013,2,"MO",19436,"Union Electric Co - (MO)",79.1,,,,79.1,5274,,,,5274,6871,,,,6871 2013,2,"MS",6641,"4-County Electric Power Assn",0.212,0,0,0,0.212,7.95,0,0,0,7.95,25,0,0,0,25 2013,2,"MS",12686,"Mississippi Power Co",0.02,,,,0.02,0.4,,,,0.4,2,,,,2 2013,2,"MS",19273,"City of Tupelo - (MS)",0.04,1,0,0,1.04,1.5,37.5,0,0,39,5,1,0,0,6 2013,2,"MT",6395,"Flathead Electric Coop Inc",1.63,,,,1.63,326,,,,326,326,,,,326 2013,2,"MT",12825,"NorthWestern Energy LLC - (MT)",1.954,3.266,0,0,5.22,97.7,163.3,0,0,261,307,19,0,0,326 2013,2,"MT",20997,"Yellowstone Valley Elec Co-op",0.02,,,,0.02,0.5,,,,0.5,12,,,,12 2013,2,"NC",3046,"Progress Energy Carolinas Inc",18.236,1.419,0.096,,19.751,455.892,56.772,3.84,,516.504,3285,84,2,,3371 2013,2,"NC",5416,"Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC",32.852,8.536,,,41.388,821.3,213.4,,,1034.7,5890,178,,,6068 2013,2,"NC",6235,"Public Works Comm-City of Fayetteville",0.34,0,0,0,0.34,8.5,0,0,0,8.5,57,0,0,0,57 2013,2,"NC",9837,"Jones-Onslow Elec Member Corp",0.188,0,0,0,0.188,4.7,0,0,0,4.7,47,0,0,0,47 2013,2,"NC",16496,"Rutherford Elec Member Corp",0.144,,,,0.144,3.6,,,,3.6,25,,,,25 2013,2,"NC",24889,"Brunswick Electric Member Corp",0.329,0,0,0,0.329,8.225,0,0,0,8.225,71,0,0,0,71 2013,2,"ND",12087,"McKenzie Electric Coop Inc",0.001,0,0,0,0.001,0.1,0,0,0,0.1,1,0,0,0,1 2013,2,"ND",14232,"Otter Tail Power Co",0.458,0.118,0,0,0.576,35.209,9.1,0,0,44.309,184,13,0,0,197 2013,2,"NH",13441,"New Hampshire Elec Coop Inc",1.683,0.057,0,0,1.74,56.1,1.9,0,0,58,236,7,0,0,243 2013,2,"NH",15472,"Public Service Co of NH",2.299,0.521,0.114,0,2.934,98.317,52.529,4.062,0,154.908,154,10,2,0,166 2013,2,"NH",24590,"Unitil Energy Systems",0.461,0.003,0,0,0.464,14.017,0.061,0,0,14.078,25,1,0,0,26 2013,2,"NH",26510,"Granite State Electric Co",1.135,0.074,0,0,1.209,29.382,2.324,0,0,31.706,103,7,0,0,110 2013,2,"NJ",963,"Atlantic City Electric Co",7.184,1.321,0,0,8.505,454.968,72.472,0,0,527.44,762,12,0,0,774 2013,2,"NJ",16213,"Rockland Electric Co",1.535,0.005,0,0,1.54,103.4,0.56,0,0,103.96,119,1,0,0,120 2013,2,"NM",5701,"El Paso Electric Co",0.671,2.023,0,0,2.694,11.5,64.6,0,0,76.1,61,15,0,0,76 2013,2,"NM",6204,"City of Farmington - (NM)",0.032,0,0,0,0.032,1.9,0,0,0,1.9,6,0,0,0,6 2013,2,"NM",11204,"Los Alamos County",0.682,0.097,,,0.779,118.828,17.435,,,136.263,293,11,,,304 2013,2,"NM",15473,"Public Service Co of NM",21.724,4.901,1.134,,27.759,5172.37,1166.87,269.91,,6609.15,12244,453,3,,12700 2013,2,"NM",17718,"Southwestern Public Service Co",8.89,1.962,,,10.852,296.337,65.408,,,361.745,820,91,,,911 2013,2,"NV",13073,"Mt Wheeler Power, Inc",0.12,0.002,,,0.122,6.2,0.1,,,6.3,21,1,,,22 2013,2,"NY",11171,"Long Island Power Authority",11.9,9.1,,,21,387,517,,,904,720,123,,,843 2013,2,"NY",13511,"New York State Elec & Gas Corp",100.014,4.473,1.008,0,105.495,4035,212,48,0,4295,14802,254,6,0,15062 2013,2,"NY",13573,"Niagara Mohawk Power Corp.",103.4,2.12,1.06,0,106.58,5970,123,62,0,6155,8045,166,83,0,8294 2013,2,"

  1. Alloy inhomogeneity and carrier localization in AlGaN sections and AlGaN/AlN nanodisks in nanowires with 240350?nm emission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Himwas, C.; Hertog, M. den; Dang, Le Si; Songmuang, R.; Monroy, E.

    2014-12-15

    We present structural and optical studies of AlGaN sections and AlGaN/AlN nanodisks (NDs) in nanowires grown by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy. The Al-Ga intermixing at Al(Ga)N/GaN interfaces and the chemical inhomogeneity in AlGaN NDs evidenced by scanning transmission electron microscopy are attributed to the strain relaxation process. This interpretation is supported by the three-dimensional strain distribution calculated by minimizing the elastic energy in the structure. The alloy inhomogeneity increases with the Al content, leading to enhanced carrier localization signatures in the luminescence characteristics, i.e., red shift of the emission, s-shaped temperature dependence, and linewidth broadening. Despite these effects, the emission energy of AlGaN/AlN NDs can be tuned in the 240350?nm range with internal quantum efficiencies around 30%.

  2. AR03-04

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    andia National Laboratories began in 1945 on Sandia Base in Albuquerque, New Mexico, as Z Division, part of what's now Los Alamos National Laboratory. Both labs were born out of America's atomic bomb development effort-the Manhattan project. Sandia came into being as an ordnance design, testing, and assembly facility, and was located on Sandia Base to be close to an airfield and work closely with the military. In 1949, President Harry Truman wrote a letter to the American Telephone and Telegraph

  3. FY06 AR

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    f i c e o f F o s s i l E n e r g y N a t i o n a l E n e r g y T e c h n o l o g y L a b o r a t o r y ACCOMPLISHMENTS NETL Accomplishments FY 2006 2 NETL Accomplishments FY 2006 3 MESSAGE FROM THE DIRECTOR For 200 years, America's energy demands have grown at a remarkable rate. As we have moved from an agricultural society, through industrial expansion, and into the current technological era, our society's transformation has depended on reliable, affordable energy supplies. Energy reliance is

  4. Ternary Dy-Er-Al magnetic refrigerants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gschneidner, Jr., Karl A.; Takeya, Hiroyuki

    1995-07-25

    A ternary magnetic refrigerant material comprising (Dy.sub.1-x Er.sub.x)Al.sub.2 for a magnetic refrigerator using the Joule-Brayton thermodynamic cycle spanning a temperature range from about 60K to about 10K, which can be adjusted by changing the Dy to Er ratio of the refrigerant.

  5. Ternary Dy-Er-Al magnetic refrigerants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gschneidner, K.A. Jr.; Takeya, Hiroyuki

    1995-07-25

    A ternary magnetic refrigerant material comprising (Dy{sub 1{minus}x}Er{sub x})Al{sub 2} for a magnetic refrigerator using the Joule-Brayton thermodynamic cycle spanning a temperature range from about 60K to about 10K, which can be adjusted by changing the Dy to Er ratio of the refrigerant. 29 figs.

  6. STUDY OF THE RECURRING DIMMING REGION DETECTED AT AR 11305 USING THE CORONAL DIMMING TRACKER (CoDiT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krista, Larisza D.; Reinard, Alysha

    2013-01-10

    We present a new approach to coronal dimming detection using the COronal DImming Tracker tool (CODIT), which was found to be successful in locating and tracking multiple dimming regions. This tool, an extension of a previously developed coronal hole tracking software, allows us to study the properties and the spatial evolution of dimming regions at high temporal and spatial cadence from the time of their appearance to their disappearance. We use Solar Dynamics Observatory/Atmospheric Imaging Assembly 193 A wavelength observations and Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager magnetograms to study dimmings. As a demonstration of the detection technique we analyzed six recurrences of a dimming observed near AR 11305 between 2011 September 29 and October 2. The dimming repeatedly appeared and formed in a similar way, first expanding then shrinking and occasionally stabilizing in the same location until the next eruption. The dimming areas were studied in conjunction with the corresponding flare magnitudes and coronal mass ejection (CME) masses. These properties were found to follow a similar trend during the observation period, which is consistent with the idea that the magnitude of the eruption and the CME mass affect the relative sizes of the consecutive dimmings. We also present a hypothesis to explain the evolution of the recurrent single dimming through interchange reconnection. This process would accommodate the relocation of quasi-open magnetic field lines and hence allow the CME flux rope footpoint (the dimming) to expand into quiet-Sun regions. By relating the properties of dimmings, flares, and CMEs we improve our understanding of the magnetic field reconfiguration caused by reconnection.

  7. Parametric study of atmospheric pressure microwave-induced Ar/O{sub 2} plasmas and the ambient air effect on the plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moon, Se Youn; Choe, W.

    2006-10-15

    A torch type microwave-induced afterglow plasma was produced at atmospheric pressure using an open-ended fused silica concentric double tube assisted by Ar and O{sub 2} supply gases. The plasma emerged from the end of the discharge tube and was exposed to ambient air. A parametric study of the plasma characteristics was performed by measuring the temperature, density, and plasma volume as the operational parameters such as microwave power, gas flow rate, and its composition were varied. The excitation temperature (T{sub exc}) obtained from the Ar I emission spectrum ranged from 3010 to 4350 K and the rotational temperature (T{sub rot}) measured from the OH and O{sub 2} diatomic molecular spectra ranged from 2250 to 3550 K. The electron density (n{sub e}) from the H{sub {beta}} Stark broadening width at the plasma core was in the range of 6.6 to 7.6x10{sup 14} cm{sup -3}. The two-dimensional distribution of T{sub exc} and T{sub rot} was also obtained. Experiments while varying the Ar and O{sub 2} gas flow rate and the O{sub 2}/Ar ratio showed that n{sub e} was reduced but T{sub exc} was increased as the O{sub 2} flow rate was increased. Using an additional dielectric tube for shielding the plasma from the ambient air demonstrated a significantly enlarged plasma length and lower T{sub rot} due to the nitrogen entrainment, as compared to the unshielded case.

  8. Publications of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Fossil Energy Program and the AR and TD Materials Program, April 1, 1995--March 31, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlson, P.T.

    1997-07-01

    The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Fossil Energy Program, organized in FY 1974 as the Coal Technology Program, involves research and development activities that cover a wide range of fossil energy technologies. The principal focus of the Laboratory`s fossil energy activities relates to coal, with current emphasis on materials research and development; environmental, health, and safety research; and the bioprocessing of coal to produce liquid or gaseous fuels. This bibliography covers the period of April 1, 1995, through March 31, 1997, and is a supplement to the earlier bibliographies in this series. The publications listed in this document have been limited to topical reports, open literature publications, full-length papers in published proceedings of conferences, and books and book articles. A major activity of the Fossil Energy Program is the Advanced Research and Technology Development (AR and TD) Materials Program. The objective of the AR and TD Materials Program is to conduct research and development on materials for fossil energy applications, with a focus on the longer-term needs for materials with general applicability to the various fossil fuel technologies. Beginning with this report, publications of the AR and TD Materials Program, previously compiled in separate reports, and publications from non-materials activities of the Fossil Energy Program will be combined in a single report.

  9. Absolute CF{sub 2} density and gas temperature measurements by absorption spectroscopy in dual-frequency capacitively coupled CF{sub 4}/Ar plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Wen-Yao; Xu, Yong Peng, Fei; Gong, Fa-Ping; Li, Xiao-Song; Zhu, Ai-Min; Liu, Yong-Xin; Wang, You-Nian

    2014-10-15

    Broadband ultraviolet absorption spectroscopy has been used to determine the CF{sub 2} radical density in dual-frequency capacitively coupled CF{sub 4}/Ar plasmas, using the CF{sub 2} A{sup ~1}B{sub 1}?X{sup ~1}A{sub 1} system of absorption spectrum. The rotational temperature of ground state CF{sub 2} and excited state CF was also estimated by using A{sup ~1}B{sub 1}?X{sup ~1}A{sub 1} system and B{sup 2}??X{sup 2}? system, respectively. The translational gas temperature was deduced from the Doppler width of the Ar{sup *}({sup 3}P{sub 2}) and Ar{sup *}({sup 3}P{sub 0}) metastable atoms absorption line by using the tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy. The rotational temperatures of the excited state CF are about 100?K higher than those of ground state CF{sub 2}, and about 200?K higher than the translational gas temperatures. The dependences of the radical CF{sub 2} density, electron density, electron temperature, rotational temperature, and gas temperature on the high frequency power and pressure have been analyzed. Furthermore, the production and loss mechanisms of CF{sub 2} radical and the gas heating mechanisms have also been discussed.

  10. The impact of argon admixture on the c-axis oriented growth of direct current magnetron sputtered Sc{sub x}Al{sub 1?x}N thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mayrhofer, P. M.; Bittner, A.; Schmid, U.; Eisenmenger-Sittner, C.; Stger-Pollach, M.

    2014-05-21

    The piezoelectric properties of wurtzite aluminium nitride (w-AlN) are enhanced by alloying with scandium (Sc), thus offering superior properties for applications in micro electro-mechanical systems devices. Sc{sub x}Al{sub 1?x}N thin films have been prepared by DC reactive magnetron sputtering on Si (100) substrates from a single target. When targeting a concentration range from x?=?0 up to x?=?0.15, the preparation conditions have been optimized by varying the Ar/N{sub 2} ratio in the sputtering gas. To incorporate an increasing Sc concentration, a higher Ar/N{sub 2} ratio has to be applied during the deposition process. Hence, the argon concentration in the sputtering gas becomes a crucial parameter for microstructure-related parameters. To determine phase purity, degree of c-axis orientation, lattice parameter, and grain size, the Sc{sub x}Al{sub 1?x}N thin films were investigated by techniques, such as scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction.

  11. Microsoft Word - al2004-03.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    al2004-03.doc Microsoft Word - al2004-03.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - al2004-03.doc More Documents & Publications Acquisition Letter: AL2005-08 OPAM Policy Acquisition Guides Presentations, Women-Owned Small Business Forum (May 2013)

  12. Microsoft Word - al2005-04.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    al2005-04.doc Microsoft Word - al2005-04.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - al2005-04.doc More Documents & Publications AL2005-04ClassDeviation.pdf Microsoft Word - Matrixpart2.doc 2014-02 Acquistion Letter 2014-01: Management and Operating Contractors' Audit Coverage of Cost-Reimbursement Subcontracts

  13. Microsoft Word - AL2005-03.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3.doc Microsoft Word - AL2005-03.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2005-03.doc More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - AL2005-01.doc Microsoft Word - AL2006-08.doc Microsoft Word - Chapter 10_2006_Jun

  14. Microsoft Word - AL2007-01.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AL2007-01.doc Microsoft Word - AL2007-01.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2007-01.doc More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - Rev5functionalaccountabilityimplementationplan..doc Microsoft Word - Corp Impl 10-05-06.final.doc Microsoft Word - AL2006-11.doc

  15. Al2000-12.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Al2000-12.pdf Al2000-12.pdf PDF icon Al2000-12.pdf More Documents & Publications AL2007-02.doc&0; Audit Report: OAS-L-07-17 Audit Report: OAS-L-07-18...

  16. Acquisition Letter No. AL 2014-01 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Letter No. AL 2014-01 Acquisition Letter No. AL 2014-01 PDF icon AL 2014-01.pdf More Documents & Publications Assessment Report: OAI-V-16-03 Assessment Report: OAI-V-16-05 Acquisition Letter No. AL 2012-05

  17. AL2010-03.pdf | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AL2010-03.pdf AL2010-03.pdf PDF icon AL2010-03.pdf More Documents & Publications Financial Assistance Letter No. FAL 2010-03 Policy Flash 2015-29 - AL 2015-06 - FAL 2015-04 Before the House Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on Technology, Information Policy, Intergovernmental Relations, and Procurement Reform

  18. Microsoft Word - AL2005-12.doc | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    2.doc Microsoft Word - AL2005-12.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2005-12.doc More Documents & Publications Acquisition Letter No. AL 2012-05 Microsoft Word - AL2005-11.doc OPAM Policy Acquisition Guides

  19. AL/FAL 99-01 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AL/FAL 99-01 AL/FAL 99-01 PDF icon AL/FAL 99-01 More Documents & Publications Department of Energy No Microsoft Word - FAL2004-01.doc Microsoft Word - AL2000-01.doc

  20. AL2007-05.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    7-05.doc&#0; AL2007-05.doc&#0; PDF icon AL2007-05.doc&#0; More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - AL2006-08.doc Department of Energy Microsoft Word - AL2006-10.doc

  1. Microsoft Word - AL2003-04.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    3-04.doc Microsoft Word - AL2003-04.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2003-04.doc More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - AL2006-08.doc AL2004-01r2.pdf City of Tulare Renewable Biogas Fuel Cell Project

  2. Microsoft Word - AL2005-01.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    1.doc Microsoft Word - AL2005-01.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2005-01.doc More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - AL2006-08.doc Acquisition Letter Archive listing AL2007-05.doc&#0;

  3. Acquisition Letter: AL2005-08 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Letter: AL2005-08 Acquisition Letter: AL2005-08 June 10, 2005 Acquisition Letter: AL2005-08 - Small Business Programs This Acquisition Letter is issued under the authority of the DOE and NNSA Procurement Executives. This AL remains in effect until superseded or canceled. This AL supersedes AL-2004-03 (Small Business Programs, dated May 5, 2004), which is rescinded in its entirety. PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2005-08.doc More Documents & Publications OPAM Policy Acquisition Guides Microsoft

  4. The PIKfyveArPIKfyveSac3 triad in human breast cancer: Functional link between elevated Sac3 phosphatase and enhanced proliferation of triple negative cell lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ikonomov, Ognian C. Filios, Catherine Sbrissa, Diego Chen, Xuequn Shisheva, Assia

    2013-10-18

    Highlights: We assess PAS complex proteins and phosphoinositide levels in breast cancer cells. Sac3 and ArPIKfyve are markedly elevated in triple-negative breast cancer cells. Sac3 silencing inhibits proliferation in triple-negative breast cancer cell lines. Phosphoinositide profiles are altered in breast cancer cells. This is the first evidence linking high Sac3 with breast cancer cell proliferation. -- Abstract: The phosphoinositide 5-kinase PIKfyve and 5-phosphatase Sac3 are scaffolded by ArPIKfyve in the PIKfyveArPIKfyveSac3 (PAS) regulatory complex to trigger a unique loop of PtdIns3PPtdIns(3,5)P{sub 2} synthesis and turnover. Whereas the metabolizing enzymes of the other 3-phosphoinositides have already been implicated in breast cancer, the role of the PAS proteins and the PtdIns3PPtdIns(3,5)P{sub 2} conversion is unknown. To begin elucidating their roles, in this study we monitored the endogenous levels of the PAS complex proteins in cell lines derived from hormone-receptor positive (MCF7 and T47D) or triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) (BT20, BT549 and MDA-MB-231) as well as in MCF10A cells derived from non-tumorigenic mastectomy. We report profound upregulation of Sac3 and ArPIKfyve in the triple negative vs. hormone-sensitive breast cancer or non-tumorigenic cells, with BT cell lines showing the highest levels. siRNA-mediated knockdown of Sac3, but not that of PIKfyve, significantly inhibited proliferation of BT20 and BT549 cells. In these cells, knockdown of ArPIKfyve had only a minor effect, consistent with a primary role for Sac3 in TNBC cell proliferation. Intriguingly, steady-state levels of PtdIns(3,5)P{sub 2} in BT20 and T47D cells were similar despite the 6-fold difference in Sac3 levels between these cell lines. However, steady-state levels of PtdIns3P and PtdIns5P, both regulated by the PAS complex, were significantly reduced in BT20 vs. T47D or MCF10A cell lines, consistent with elevated Sac3 affecting directly or indirectly the homeostasis of these lipids in TNBC. Together, our results uncover an unexpected role for Sac3 phosphatase in TNBC cell proliferation. Database analyses, discussed herein, reinforce the involvement of Sac3 in breast cancer pathogenesis.

  5. Acquisition letter No. AL 2015-05 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    letter No. AL 2015-05 Acquisition letter No. AL 2015-05 DATE: May 12, 2015 TO: Procurement Directors/Contracting Officers FROM: Director Contract and Financial Assistance Policy Division Office of Policy Office of Acquisition and Project Management SUBJECT: Acquisition Letters Remaining in Effect SUMMARY: Acquisition letter 2015-05 has been issued. It lists ALs currently in effect and the discontinued ALs, along with the reason why the AL is no longer in effect. This Flash will be available

  6. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Tennessee Valley Authority - AL 01

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Tennessee Valley Authority - AL 01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY (AL.01 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Muscle Shoals , Alabama AL.01-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 AL.01-2 Site Operations: Performed research and development during the early 1950s at an onsite lab and pilot plant on a process to recover uranium during the production of phosphate fertilizer. AL.01-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated -

  7. Electronic transport through Al/InN nanowire/Al junctions (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    T 0.3 K, below the superconducting transition temperature of the Al electrodes. The proximity effect is observed in these devices through a strong dip in resistance at zero bias. ...

  8. OP-AL-0002-001.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Doc. ID: OP-AL-0002-001.doc Caretaker Date: 2000/08/03 This authorized list is effective 08/03/2000 and specifies those individuals who have been authorized for Caretaker Operation 1. Aigeldinger, Georg 2. Bucher, Stephanie 3. Choi, Jaewu 4. Koch, Kevin 5. Lian, Kun 6. Ling, Zhong Geng 7. Manohara, Harish 8. Morikawa, Eizi 9. Palshin, Vadim 10. Rupp, Louis 11. Schoonmaker, Mike 12. Scott, John 13. Sprunger, Phil 14. Tittsworth, Roland 15. Xu, Jie Authorization: ________________ ________

  9. OP-AL-0003-001.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Doc. ID: OP-AL-0003-001.doc Accelerator Operators Date: 2000/08/03 This document is effective 08/4/2000 and specifies those individuals who are authorized to operate the Electron Accelerators at CAMD. 1. Ben Craft 2. Larry Oliszwesky 3. Paul Jines 4. Don Patterson 5. Yongzhang Huang Authorization: ____________________ ________ ____________________ ________ F. Josef Hormes Date Benjamin Craft III Date ____________________ ________ Lorraine Marceau-Day

  10. Caribou Biosciences Has Roots at the ALS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Caribou Biosciences Has Roots at the ALS Print When Rachel Haurwitz joined UC Berkeley biology professor Jennifer Doudna's lab in 2007 as a graduate student, little did the two women know that the interesting bacterial immune system they were studying would be the subject of news headlines and the basis for a biotech startup just a few years later. It turned out that the bacterial immune system they were studying, known as CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats), has a

  11. Microsoft Word - al93-4.doc

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    93-4 Acquisition Regulation Date April 7, 1993 ACQUISITION LETTER AUTHORITY This Acquisition Letter (AL) is issued by the Director, Office of Procurement, Assistance and Program Management, pursuant to a delegation from the Secretary and under the authority of the Department of Energy Acquisition Regulation (DEAR) Subpart 901.301-70. ***************************************************************** CONTENTS CITATION TITLE DEAR 970.3102-2Compensation for personal services DEAR 970.3102-2(i)

  12. Microsoft Word - al94-19.doc

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AUTHORITY This Acquisition Letter is issued by the Procurement Executive pursuant to a delegation from the Secretary and under the authority of the Department of Energy Acquisition Regulation (DEAR) Subpart 901.301-70. ***************************************************************************** CONTENT CITATION TITLE DEAR 970.2201 Basic labor policies DEAR 970.3102-2(n) Fringe benefits I. Purpose. The purpose of this Acquisition Letter (AL) is to (1) clarify the Department of Energy (DOE)

  13. Microsoft Word - AL2005-03.doc

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AL 2005-03 Acquisition Regulation Date 10/08/04 ACQUISITION LETTER This Acquisition Letter is issued under the authority of the DOE and NNSA Procurement Executives. Subject: Independent Peer Review Program for Contractors' Purchasing Systems References: FAR 44.3, Contractors' Purchasing Systems Reviews DEAR Subpart 970.44 - Management and Operating Contractor Purchasing DOE Acquisition Guide, Chapter 1.2, Balanced Scorecard Performance Assessment Program (DOE only) DOE Acquisition Guide, Chapter

  14. Microsoft Word - AL2006-07.doc

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Department of Energy No. AL-2006-07 Acquisition Regulation Date 08/23/06 ACQUISITION LETTER This Acquisition Letter is issued by the Procurement Executives of DOE and NNSA. Subject: DOE Order 361.1A, Acquisition Career Development Program References: DOE O 361.1A, Acquisition Career Development (ACD) Program Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP) Policy Letter 05-01, Developing and Managing the Acquisition Workforce OFPP Policy Letter 06-01 OFPP Memoranda, The Federal Acquisition

  15. Print

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    < 5k 0 < 50k < 100k < 250k < 500k < 1M > 1M > 5M > 10M DE MD DC MA RI NJ AZ UT WY ID OR WA CA TX OK KS CO NE SD ND MN WI IL IA MO AR LA MS AL FL GA TN KY IN OH MI ME NH CT VT NY PA WV VA NC SC MT AK HI NV NM Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Procured Materials and Services 2015 (> $35M) Small business procurements in US: $14.73M

  16. padd map

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FL PADD 4: Rocky Mountain PADD 5: West Coast PADD 2: Midwest PADD 1: East Coast PADD 3: Gulf Coast PADD1A: New England PADD1B: Central Atlantic PADD1C: Lower Atlantic Petroleum Administration for Defense Districts AK HI WA OR CA NV AZ MT WY CO UT ID ND SD NE KS OK MO MN WI MI IL IN OH KY TN IA NM TX AR LA AL MS WV VA NC SC GA FL ME NH VT NY PA NJ MD DE MA CT RI

  17. Number of Customers by State by Sector, 1990-2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Number of Customers by State by Sector, 1990-2014" "Year","State","Industry Sector Category","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation","Other","Total" 2014,"AK","Total Electric Industry",281438,51017,1287,0,"NA",333742 2014,"AL","Total Electric Industry",2169790,360901,7236,0,"NA",2537927 2014,"AR","Total Electric

  18. DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    DOE Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Overview Dr. Sunita Satyapal Program Manager U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Program DOE/CESA/TTC Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Webinar December 14, 2010 2 Examples of DOE-funded Partners and Locations - Fuel Cell Technologies Program TX NM AZ NC AR CA CO HI WA IL KY MA MN MO MS AL NV TN UT WV ID FL MI ND OR OH IN MT WY IO NE KS OK AK LA GA WI SC VA PA DE MD DC NJ NY RI CT VT NH ME SD Source: US DOE 12/2010 2 3 Fuel Cells: Addressing Energy Challenges 4

  19. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.9 Educational Facilities

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    6 2010 Regional New Construction and Renovations Expenditures for Public K-12 Schools ($Million) Region New Schools Additions Renovation Total Region 1 (CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT) Region 2 (NJ, NY, PA) Region 3 (DE, MD, VA, WV) Region 4 (KY, NC, SC, TN) Region 5 (AL, FL, GA, MS) Region 6 (IN, MI, OH) Region 7 (IL, MN, WI) Region 8 (IA, KS, MO, NE) Region 9 (AR, LA, OK, TX) Region 10 (CO, MT, ND, NM, SD, UT, WY) Region 11 (AZ, CA, HI, NV) Region 12 (AK, ID, OR, WA) Total Source(s): School Planning

  20. I I I . Isotherm al Multicomponent Systems

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nonequilibrium C ontrib ution to the Rate o f R eaction I I I . Isotherm al Multicomponent Systems t B. S h izg a l* Department o f C hem istry, Harvard U n iv e r sity Cambridge, M assachusetts and Lorentz I n s t it u t e fo r T h e o r e tic a l P h y sics L eid en , N etherlands and M. Karplus Department o f C hem istry, Harvard U n iv e r sity Cambridge, M assachusetts ----------------------------- L E G A L N O T I C E ----------------------------- T his report w as prepared as an accou n

  1. Rem&al Action Performed

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Rem&al Action Performed at the B&T Metals Site in * Columbus, Ohio Department of Energy Office of Assistant Manager for Environmenta/ Management Oak Ridge Operations June 2007 Printed on recycled/recyclable paper. 1.41 2503.2 CERTIFICATION DOCKET FOR THE REMEDIAL ACTION PER-FORMED AT THE B&T METALS SITE IN COLUMBUS, OHIO JUNE 200 1 Prepared for United States Department of Energy Under Contract No. DACW45-98-D-0028 BY Bechtel National, Inc. Oak Ridge, Tennessee Bechtel Job No. 14501

  2. Microsoft Word - Final MR AL.doc

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy No. AL 2009-01 Acquisition Regulation Date: 10/06/2008 ACQUISITION LETTER This Acquisition Letter is issued under the authority of the DOE and NNSA Procurement Executives. Subject: Management Reserve and Contingency References: FAR Subpart 15.4 Contract Pricing FAR Part 31 Contract Cost Principles and Procedures FAR 31.205-7 Contingencies DEAR 915.404-4-70-2 Weighted Guidelines System DOE Order 413.3A Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets DOE

  3. New XDM-corrected potential energy surfaces for ArNO(X{sup 2}?): A comparison with CCSD(T) calculations and experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warehime, Michael; Johnson, Erin R.; K?os, Jacek

    2015-01-14

    We report new potential energy surfaces for the ground state ArNO(X{sup 2}?) van der Waals system calculated using the unrestricted Hartree-Fock (UHF) method with the addition of the Becke-Roussel correlation functional and exchange-hole dipole moment dispersion correction (XDM). We compare UHFBR-XDM surfaces and those previously reported by Alexander from coupled cluster CCSD(T) calculations [J. Chem. Phys. 111, 7426 (1999)]. The bound states of ArNO have been investigated with these new UHFBR-XDM surfaces, including relative energy-level spacing, adiabatic bender states and wave functions, and spectroscopic data. These results have been found to be in good agreement with calculations based on the CCSD(T) PESs. These new PESs are used to investigate the inelastic scattering of NO(X) by Ar. Full close-coupling integral cross sections at collision energies of 442 cm{sup ?1}, 1774 cm{sup ?1} and differential cross sections at collision energy of 530 cm{sup ?1} were determined for transitions out of the lowest NO(X) rotational level (j = ? = 1/2,f). These cross sections are in good agreement with those calculated with CCSD(T) and accordingly in good agreement with the most recent initial and final state resolved experimental data. The UHFBR-XDM scheme yields high-quality potential surfaces with computational cost comparable to the Hartree-Fock method and our results may serve as a benchmark for application of this scheme to collisions between larger molecules.

  4. Experimental and theoretical study of the ion-ion mutual neutralization reactions Ar{sup +}+SF{sub n}{sup -} (n=6, 5, and 4)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bopp, Joseph C.; Miller, Thomas M.; Viggiano, Albert A.; Troe, Juergen

    2008-08-21

    The ion-ion mutual neutralization reactions Ar{sup +}+SF{sub n}{sup -}{yields}Ar+SF{sub n} (n=6, 5, and 4) have been studied in a flowing afterglow-Langmuir probe (FALP) apparatus at 300 K and 1 Torr of He buffer gas. Electron concentrations and product ion fractions were measured, and neutralization rate constants of 4.0x10{sup -8}, 3.8x10{sup -8}, and 4x10{sup -8} cm{sup 3} s{sup -1} for SF{sub 6}{sup -}, SF{sub 5}{sup -}, and SF{sub 4}{sup -}, respectively, were derived, with uncertainties of {+-}25% ({+-}35% for SF{sub 4}{sup -}). During the neutralization process, excited neutrals are generated that are able to dissociate to neutral fragments. In the case of SF{sub 6}, the formation of SF{sub 5} and SF{sub 4}, and similarly in the case of SF{sub 5}, the formation of SF{sub 4} and SF{sub 3} were observed and quantified. The mechanism of primary and secondary reaction was analyzed in detail, and rate constants for the dissociative electron attachments e{sup -}+SF{sub 5}{yields}F{sup -}+SF{sub 4} (k=3x10{sup -9} cm{sup 3} s{sup -1},{+-}40%) and e{sup -}+SF{sub 3}{yields}F{sup -}+SF{sub 2} (k=2x10{sup -8} cm{sup 3} s{sup -1},+400%,-75%) were also derived. The experimental ion-ion neutralization rate constants were found to be in good agreement with estimates from an optimum two-state double-passage Landau-Zener model. It was also found that energy partitioning in the neutralization is related to the extent of electronic excitation of Ar generated by the electron transfer processes.

  5. ALS X-Rays Shine a New Light on Catalysis

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS X-Rays Shine a New Light on Catalysis ALS X-Rays Shine a New Light on Catalysis Print Thursday, 21 May 2015 11:16 Electrocatalysts are responsible for expediting reactions in...

  6. Acquisition Letter No. AL 2014-02 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Acquisition Letter No. AL 2014-02 Acquisition Letter No. AL 2014-02 DATE: October 31, 2013 TO: Procurement DirectorsContracting Officers FROM: Director Contract and Financial...

  7. Surface Gas Sampling At Lightning Dock Area (Norman, Et Al.,...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Surface Gas Sampling At Lightning Dock Area (Norman, Et Al., 2002) (Redirected from Water-Gas Samples At Lightning Dock Area (Norman, Et Al., 2002)) Jump to: navigation, search...

  8. Acquisition Letter No. AL 2013-01 | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    1 Acquisition Letter No. AL 2013-01 PDF icon AL 2013-01.pdf More Documents & Publications Audit Report: DOE-IG-0890 Audit Report: DOE/IG-0928 Management Alert: IG-0864

  9. ALS Technique Gives Novel View of Lithium Battery Dendrite Growth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Technique Gives Novel View of Lithium Battery Dendrite Growth ALS Technique Gives Novel View of Lithium Battery Dendrite Growth Print Thursday, 24 April 2014 09:46 Lithium-ion...

  10. Microsoft Word - AL2005-08.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    8.doc Microsoft Word - AL2005-08.doc Microsoft Word - AL2005-08.doc More Documents & Publications OPAM Policy Acquisition Guides Attachment FY2011-28 OPAM Microsoft Word -...

  11. Microsoft Word - AL2008-05.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8-05.doc Microsoft Word - AL2008-05.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2008-05.doc More Documents & Publications Department of Energy OPAM Policy Acquisition Guides Microsoft PowerPoint - Executive Order13423rbl

  12. Microsoft Word - al95-06.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    06.doc Microsoft Word - al95-06.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - al95-06.doc More Documents & Publications ppl970-1.pdf Audit Report: IG-0589 Inspection Report: INS-O-02-01

  13. Data Transfer Considerations for ALS Scientists and Users

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Data Transfer Considerations for ALS Scientists and Users Print Introduction Working at the ALS generates huge amounts of data, and for many years this has caused users to have to...

  14. Six Berkeley Lab (Three ALS) Scientists Are 2012 APS Fellows

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Six Berkeley Lab (Three ALS) Scientists Are 2012 APS Fellows Six Berkeley Lab (Three ALS) Scientists Are 2012 APS Fellows Print Friday, 07 December 2012 00:00 This year's American...

  15. AL2003-01.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3-01.pdf AL2003-01.pdf PDF icon AL2003-01.pdf More Documents & Publications FAL2003-01.pdf FAC2003-01.pdf Technical Interpretation, NSTI 2003-01

  16. AL2009-02.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    9-02.pdf AL2009-02.pdf PDF icon AL2009-02.pdf More Documents & Publications NNMCAB Board Minutes: May 2009 Santa Fe EMAB Reports and Recommendations - April 2009 MA-2009-000093Signed

  17. AL2009-06.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6.pdf AL2009-06.pdf PDF icon AL2009-06.pdf More Documents & Publications The Next Regulatory Chapter for Commercial Vehicles SunShot Concentrating Solar Power Program SunShot Concentrating Solar Power Program

  18. Geothermal Literature Review (Wisian, Et Al., 2001) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal Literature Review (Wisian, Et Al., 2001) Exploration Activity Details Location Unspecified...

  19. Geographic Information System (Nash, Et Al., 2002) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geographic Information System (Nash, Et Al., 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Unspecified Exploration...

  20. Data Transfer Considerations for ALS Scientists and Users

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Data Transfer Considerations for ALS Scientists and Users Print Introduction Working at the ALS generates huge amounts of data, and for many years this has caused users to have to carry hard drives and USB drives between the ALS and their home institutions for acquisition and analysis of experimental data. To avoid the physical transport of data and to make real-time analysis possible, staff at the ALS, ESnet, and Berkeley Lab's IT Division have collaborated to implement several best practices

  1. Data Transfer Considerations for ALS Scientists and Users

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Data Transfer Considerations for ALS Scientists and Users Print Introduction Working at the ALS generates huge amounts of data, and for many years this has caused users to have to carry hard drives and USB drives between the ALS and their home institutions for acquisition and analysis of experimental data. To avoid the physical transport of data and to make real-time analysis possible, staff at the ALS, ESnet, and Berkeley Lab's IT Division have collaborated to implement several best practices

  2. Modeling-Computer Simulations (Combs, Et Al., 1999) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations (Combs, Et Al., 1999) Exploration Activity Details Location Unspecified...

  3. Acquisiton Letter No. AL 2016-04 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    4 Acquisiton Letter No. AL 2016-04 DATE: March 16, 2016 TO: Procurement Directors/Contracting Officers FROM: Acting Chief Contract and Financial Assistance Policy Division Office of Policy Office of Acquisition Management SUBJECT: Acquisition Letters Remaining in Effect SUMMARY: Acquisition letter 2016-04 has been issued. It lists ALs currently in effect and discontinued ALs, along with the reason why the AL is no longer in effect. This flash will be available online at the following website:

  4. MCrAlY bond coat with enhanced Yttrium layer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jablonski, Paul D; Hawk, Jeffrey A

    2015-04-21

    One or more embodiments relates to an MCrAlY bond coat comprising an MCrAlY layer in contact with a Y--Al.sub.2O.sub.3 layer. The MCrAlY layer is comprised of a .gamma.-M solid solution, a .beta.-MAl intermetallic phase, and Y-type intermetallics. The Y--Al.sub.2O.sub.3 layer is comprised of Yttrium atoms coordinated with oxygen atoms comprising the Al.sub.2O.sub.3 lattice. Both the MCrAlY layer and the Y--Al.sub.2O.sub.3 layer have a substantial absence of Y--Al oxides, providing advantage in the maintainability of the Yttrium reservoir within the MCrAlY bulk. The MCrAlY bond coat may be fabricated through application of a Y.sub.2O.sub.3 paste to an MCrAlY material, followed by heating in a non-oxidizing environment.

  5. Microsoft Word - AL2005-11.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    11.doc Microsoft Word - AL2005-11.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2005-11.doc More Documents & Publications Audit Report: OAS-L-13-08 Microsoft Word - AL2005-12.doc CHAPTER 7 FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT

  6. AL2004-01r2.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4-01r2.pdf AL2004-01r2.pdf PDF icon AL2004-01r2.pdf More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - AL2005-01.doc Microsoft Word - FAL2004-01.doc Preliminary Notice of Violation, Bechtel BWXT Idaho, LLC - EA-2004-01

  7. AL2008-06.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6.pdf AL2008-06.pdf PDF icon AL 2008-06 More Documents & Publications Acquisitlon Letter No. AL 2008-06 General Services Administration Photovoltaics Project in Sacramento, California DOE Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Purchase Power Agreement Request for Proposal

  8. Microsoft Word - AL-ARRASafetyALREDO3 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ARRASafetyALREDO3 Microsoft Word - AL-ARRASafetyALREDO3 PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL-ARRASafetyALREDO3 More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - AL-ARRASafetyALREDO3.doc DOE-STD-1083-2009 Activities of the DOE Sub Surface Working Group

  9. Microsoft Word - AL2002-03.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2-03.doc Microsoft Word - AL2002-03.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2002-03.doc More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - AL2005-01.doc Microsoft Word - FAL2004-01.doc Microsoft Word - ARRAAttachment12v1.doc

  10. Microsoft Word - AL2005-16.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6.doc Microsoft Word - AL2005-16.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2005-16.doc More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - AL2005-10.doc Policy Flash 2013-33 Department of Energy Order 206.2 Identity, Credential and Access Managment (ICAM) Audit Report: IG-0860

  11. Microsoft Word - AL2006-03.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3.doc Microsoft Word - AL2006-03.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2006-03.doc More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - AL2006-02.doc Archived Financial Assistance Letters Financial Assistance Letters No. FAL 2006-04

  12. Microsoft Word - AL2006-09.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    9.doc Microsoft Word - AL2006-09.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2006-09.doc More Documents & Publications Microsoft PowerPoint - Executive Order13423rbl Sample Contract Language for Construction Using Energy-Efficient Products AL2007-05.doc&#0;

  13. AL2006-04v2.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4v2.pdf AL2006-04v2.pdf PDF icon AL2006-04v2.pdf More Documents & Publications Impacts of IPv6 on Infrastructure Control Systems Microsoft Word - AL2005-10.doc Department of Energy...

  14. Acquisition Letter No. AL 2013-10 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    10 Acquisition Letter No. AL 2013-10 PDF icon AL 2013-10.pdf PDF icon Consolidated Model H-Clause 06-17-13 PDF icon Signed Class Deviation 970.5244-1 More Documents & Publications Policy Flash 2016-11 Acquisition Letter No. AL 2016-01

  15. Acquisition Letters No. AL 2013-06 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    6 Acquisition Letters No. AL 2013-06 PDF icon AL 2013-06.pdf More Documents & Publications Financial Assistance Letter No. FAL 2013-04 Financial Assistance Letter No. FAL 2015-03 - Rev 2 - 08/03 Acquisition Letter No. AL 2015-04 - Rev. 2 - 08/25/2015

  16. Microsoft Word - al95-14.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    al95-14.doc Microsoft Word - al95-14.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - al95-14.doc More Documents & Publications Cooperation with the New Independent States of the Former Soviet Union CDLB-1003.PDF&#0; 10 CFR 600.325 - Intellectual Property Provisions (GDLB-1003) Grant

  17. AL2008-07.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8-07.pdf AL2008-07.pdf PDF icon AL2008-07.pdf More Documents & Publications Department of Energy Response to NNMCAB Recommendation 2008-07 2008-07 "Use of Risk-Based End States" AL2008-03

  18. Microsoft Word - AL2005-07.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    07.doc Microsoft Word - AL2005-07.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2005-07.doc More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - AL2006-07.doc OPAM Policy Acquisition Guides Microsoft Word - 1_2011_CEG_Update_v2

  19. Ab initio molecular dynamics of Al irradiation-induced processes during Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} growth

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Music, Denis; Nahif, Farwah; Friederichsen, Niklas; Schneider, Jochen M.; Sarakinos, Kostas

    2011-03-14

    Al bombardment induced structural changes in {alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (R-3c) and {gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (Fd-3m) were studied using ab initio molecular dynamics. Diffusion and irradiation damage occur for both polymorphs in the kinetic energy range from 3.5 to 40 eV. However, for {gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}(001) subplantation of impinging Al causes significantly larger irradiation damage and hence larger mobility as compared to {alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. Consequently, fast diffusion along {gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}(001) gives rise to preferential {alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}(0001) growth, which is consistent with published structure evolution experiments.

  20. Electronic transport through Al/InN nanowire/Al junctions

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lu, Tzu -Ming; Wang, George T.; Pan, Wei; Zhao, S.; Mi, Z.

    2016-02-10

    We report non-linear electronic transport measurement of Al/Si-doped n-type InN nanowire/Al junctions performed at T = 0.3 K, below the superconducting transition temperature of the Al electrodes. The proximity effect is observed in these devices through a strong dip in resistance at zero bias. In addition to the resistance dip at zero bias, several resistance peaks can be identified at bias voltages above the superconducting gap of the electrodes, while no resistance dip is observed at the superconducting gap. The resistance peaks disappear as the Al electrodes turn normal beyond the critical magnetic field except one which remains visible atmore » fields several times higher than critical magnetic field. An unexpected non-monotonic magnetic field dependence of the peak position is observed. As a result, we discuss the physical origin of these observations and propose that the resistance peaks could be the McMillan-Rowell oscillations arising from different closed paths localized near different regions of the junctions.« less

  1. Magnetization anomaly of Nb3Al strands and instability of Nb3Al Rutherford cables

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamada, Ryuji; /Fermilab; Kikuchi, Akihiro; /Tsukuba Magnet Lab; Wake, Masayoshi; /KEK, Tsukuba

    2006-08-01

    Using a Cu stabilized Nb{sub 3}Al strand with Nb matrix, a 30 meter long Nb{sub 3}Al Rutherford cable was made by a collaboration of Fermilab and NIMS. Recently the strand and cable were tested. In both cases instability was observed at around 1.5 Tesla. The magnetization of this Nb{sub 3}Al strand was measured first using a balanced coil magnetometer at 4.2 K. Strands showed an anomalously large magnetization behavior around at 1.6 T, which is much higher than the usual B{sub c2} {approx} 0.5 Tesla (4.2 K) of Nb matrix. This result is compared with the magnetization data of short strand samples using a SQUID magnetometer, in which a flux-jump signal was observed at 0.5 Tesla, but not at higher field. As a possible explanation for this magnetization anomaly, the interfilament coupling through the thin Nb films in the strands is suggested. The instability problem observed in low field tests of the Nb{sub 3}Al Rutherford cables is attributed to this effect.

  2. Summary Slides of ALS Science Highlights

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary Slides of ALS Science Highlights Print No. Slide Beamline Full Web Highlight ALSNews Volume 327 Aerosol Oxidation Speeds Up in Smoggy Air 9.0.2 02.24.2016 Vol. 370 326 Porous Framework Electrocatalysts Are Key to CO2... 7.3.3, 10.3.2 02.24.2016 Vol. 370 325 Phonon Polariton Behavior in 2D Materials 5.4.1 01.27.2016 Vol. 369 324 Manganese Reduction-Oxidation Drives Plant Debris... 1.4.3, 9.0.2, 10.3.2 02.24.2016 Vol. 370 323 A New Pathway for Radionuclide Uptake 5.0.1, 5.0.2 01.27.2016

  3. Summary Slides of ALS Science Highlights

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary Slides of ALS Science Highlights Print No. Slide Beamline Full Web Highlight ALSNews Volume 327 Aerosol Oxidation Speeds Up in Smoggy Air 9.0.2 02.24.2016 Vol. 370 326 Porous Framework Electrocatalysts Are Key to CO2... 7.3.3, 10.3.2 02.24.2016 Vol. 370 325 Phonon Polariton Behavior in 2D Materials 5.4.1 01.27.2016 Vol. 369 324 Manganese Reduction-Oxidation Drives Plant Debris... 1.4.3, 9.0.2, 10.3.2 02.24.2016 Vol. 370 323 A New Pathway for Radionuclide Uptake 5.0.1, 5.0.2 01.27.2016

  4. Element- and charge-state-resolved ion energies in the cathodic arc plasma from composite AlCr cathodes in argon, nitrogen and oxygen atmospheres

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Franz, Robert; Polcik, Peter; Anders, André

    2015-06-01

    The energy distribution functions of ions in the cathodic arc plasma using composite AlCr cathodes were measured as a function of the background gas pressure in the range 0.5 to 3.5 Pa for different cathode compositions and gas atmospheres. The most abundant aluminium ions were Al+ regardless of the background gas species, whereas Cr2+ ions were dominating in Ar and N2 and Cr+ in O2 atmospheres. The energy distributions of the aluminium and chromium ions typically consisted of a high-energy fraction due to acceleration in the expanding plasma plume from the cathode spot and thermalised ions that were subjected tomore » collisions in the plasma cloud. The fraction of the latter increased with increasing background gas pressure. Atomic nitrogen and oxygen ions showed similar energy distributions as the aluminium and chromium ions, whereas the argon and molecular nitrogen and oxygen ions were formed at greater distance from the cathode spot and thus less subject to accelerating gradients. In addition to the positively charged metal and gas ions, negatively charged oxygen and oxygen-containing ions were observed in O2 atmosphere. The obtained results are intended to provide a comprehensive overview of the ion energies and charge states in the arc plasma of AlCr composite cathodes in different gas atmospheres as such plasmas are frequently used to deposit thin films and coatings.« less

  5. Element- and charge-state-resolved ion energies in the cathodic arc plasma from composite AlCr cathodes in argon, nitrogen and oxygen atmospheres

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Franz, Robert; Polcik, Peter; Anders, Andr

    2015-06-01

    The energy distribution functions of ions in the cathodic arc plasma using composite AlCr cathodes were measured as a function of the background gas pressure in the range 0.5 to 3.5 Pa for different cathode compositions and gas atmospheres. The most abundant aluminium ions were Al+ regardless of the background gas species, whereas Cr2+ ions were dominating in Ar and N2 and Cr+ in O2 atmospheres. The energy distributions of the aluminium and chromium ions typically consisted of a high-energy fraction due to acceleration in the expanding plasma plume from the cathode spot and thermalised ions that were subjected to collisions in the plasma cloud. The fraction of the latter increased with increasing background gas pressure. Atomic nitrogen and oxygen ions showed similar energy distributions as the aluminium and chromium ions, whereas the argon and molecular nitrogen and oxygen ions were formed at greater distance from the cathode spot and thus less subject to accelerating gradients. In addition to the positively charged metal and gas ions, negatively charged oxygen and oxygen-containing ions were observed in O2 atmosphere. The obtained results are intended to provide a comprehensive overview of the ion energies and charge states in the arc plasma of AlCr composite cathodes in different gas atmospheres as such plasmas are frequently used to deposit thin films and coatings.

  6. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Southern Research Institute - AL 03

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Southern Research Institute - AL 03 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: SOUTHERN RESEARCH INSTITUTE (AL.03) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: 917 South 20th Street , Birmingham , Alabama AL.03-1 AL.03-2 Evaluation Year: 1993 AL.03-3 Site Operations: Licensed for the period 11/10/55 - 6/1/58. Basic license and three amendments for possession and title to up to 140# of refined source material for research on properties of

  7. Structure and magnetic properties of Ce?(Ni/Al/Ga)??A new phase with the La?Al?? structure type

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Janka, Oliver; Shang, Tian; Baumbach, Ryan E.; Bauer, Eric D.; Thompson, Joe D.; Kauzlarich, Susan M.

    2015-03-01

    Single crystals of Ce?(Ni/Al/Ga)?? were obtained from an Al flux reaction. Single crystals of the title compound crystallizing in the orthorhombic space group Immm (No. 71, Z = 2) with a = 436.38(14), b = 1004.5(3) and c = 1293.4(4) pm. This is a standardized unit cell of the previously published La?Al?? structure type. Wavelength dispersive microprobe provides the composition of Ce?.?????Ni?.?????Al?.?????Ga?.?????. Single crystal refinement provides the composition Ce?Ni?.??Al?.??Ga?.?? with substitution of the Ni and Ga on the Al1 and Al4 sites with the Al2 and Al3 solely occupied by Al. Magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal antiferromagnetic ordering with TN = 4.8 K and there is no evidence for a ferromagnetic ordering that has been reported for Ce?Al??. The effective magnetic moment was found to be ?eff = 1.9?B/Ce, which is lower than the expected value for trivalent Ce (2.54?B/Ce).

  8. Kinetic energy distributions of sputtered neutral aluminum clusters: Al--Al{sub 6}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coon, S.R.; Calaway, W.F.; Pellin, M.J.; Curlee, G.A.; White, J.M.

    1992-12-01

    Neutral aluminum clusters sputtered from polycrystalline aluminum were analyzed by laser postionization time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometry. The kinetic energy distributions of Al through Al{sub 6} were measured by a neutrals time-of-flight technique. The interpretation of laser postionization TOF data to extract velocity and energy distributions is presented. The aluminum cluster distributions are qualitatively similar to previous copper cluster distribution measurements from our laboratory. In contrast to the steep high energy tails predicted by the single- or multiple- collision models, the measured cluster distributions have high energy power law dependences in the range of E{sup {minus}3} to E{sup {minus}4.5}. Correlated collision models may explain the substantial abundance of energetic clusters that are observed in these experiments. Possible influences of cluster fragmentation on the distributions are discussed.

  9. Kinetic energy distributions of sputtered neutral aluminum clusters: Al--Al[sub 6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coon, S.R.; Calaway, W.F.; Pellin, M.J. ); Curlee, G.A. . Dept. of Physics); White, J.M. . Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry)

    1992-01-01

    Neutral aluminum clusters sputtered from polycrystalline aluminum were analyzed by laser postionization time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometry. The kinetic energy distributions of Al through Al[sub 6] were measured by a neutrals time-of-flight technique. The interpretation of laser postionization TOF data to extract velocity and energy distributions is presented. The aluminum cluster distributions are qualitatively similar to previous copper cluster distribution measurements from our laboratory. In contrast to the steep high energy tails predicted by the single- or multiple- collision models, the measured cluster distributions have high energy power law dependences in the range of E[sup [minus]3] to E[sup [minus]4.5]. Correlated collision models may explain the substantial abundance of energetic clusters that are observed in these experiments. Possible influences of cluster fragmentation on the distributions are discussed.

  10. Roll Casting of Al-25%Si

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haga, Toshio [Osaka Institute of Technology, Omiya Asahiku Osaka city 535-8585 (Japan); Harada, Hideto [Graduate School of Osaka Institute of Technology, Omiya Asahiku Osaka city 535-8585 (Japan); Watari, Hisaki [Gunma University, Kiryu city, 376-8515 (Japan)

    2011-05-04

    Strip casting of Al-25%Si strip was tried using an unequal diameter twin roll caster. The diameter of the lower roll (large roll) was 1000 mm and the diameter of the upper roll (small roll) was 250 mm. Roll material was mild steel. The sound strip could be cast at the speeds ranging from 8 m/min to 12 m/min. The strip did not stick to the roll without the parting material. The primary Si, which existed at centre area of the thickness direction, was larger than that which existed at other area. The size of the primary Si was smaller than 0.2 mm. Eutectic Si was smaller 5 {mu}m. The as-cast strip was ranging from 2 mm to 3 mm thick and its width was 100 mm. The as-cast strip could be hot rolled down to 1 mm. The hot rolled strip was cold rolled. The primary Si became smaller and the pore occurred around the primary Si after the rolling.

  11. Direct comparative study on the energy level alignments in unoccupied/occupied states of organic semiconductor/electrode interface by constructing in-situ photoemission spectroscopy and Ar gas cluster ion beam sputtering integrated analysis system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yun, Dong-Jin Chung, JaeGwan; Kim, Yongsu; Park, Sung-Hoon; Kim, Seong-Heon; Heo, Sung

    2014-10-21

    Through the installation of electron gun and photon detector, an in-situ photoemission and damage-free sputtering integrated analysis system is completely constructed. Therefore, this system enables to accurately characterize the energy level alignments including unoccupied/occupied molecular orbital (LUMO/HOMO) levels at interface region of organic semiconductor/electrode according to depth position. Based on Ultraviolet Photoemission Spectroscopy (UPS), Inverse Photoemission Spectroscopy (IPES), and reflective electron energy loss spectroscopy, the occupied/unoccupied state of in-situ deposited Tris[4-(carbazol-9-yl)phenyl]amine (TCTA) organic semiconductors on Au (E{sub LUMO}: 2.51?eV and E{sub HOMO}: 1.35?eV) and Ti (E{sub LUMO}: 2.19?eV and E{sub HOMO}: 1.69?eV) electrodes are investigated, and the variation of energy level alignments according to work function of electrode (Au: 4.81?eV and Ti: 4.19?eV) is clearly verified. Subsequently, under the same analysis condition, the unoccupied/occupied states at bulk region of TCTA/Au structures are characterized using different Ar gas cluster ion beam (Ar GCIB) and Ar ion sputtering processes, respectively. While the Ar ion sputtering process critically distorts both occupied and unoccupied states in UPS/IPES spectra, the Ar GCIB sputtering process does not give rise to damage on them. Therefore, we clearly confirm that the in-situ photoemission spectroscopy in combination with Ar GCIB sputtering allows of investigating accurate energy level alignments at bulk/interface region as well as surface region of organic semiconductor/electrode structure.

  12. Acetylene from the co-pyrolysis of biomass and waste tires or coal in the H{sub 2}/Ar plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bao, W.; Cao, Q.; Lv, Y.; Chang, L.

    2008-07-01

    Acetylene from carbon-containing materials via plasma pyrolysis is not only simple but also environmentally friendly. In this article, the acetylene produced from co-pyrolyzing biomass with waste tire or coal under the conditions of H{sub 2}/Ar DC arc plasma jet was investigated. The experimental results showed that the co-pyrolysis of mixture with biomass and waste tire or coal can improve largely the acetylene relative volume fraction (RVF) in gaseous products and the corresponding yield of acetylene. The change trends for the acetylene yield of plasma pyrolysis from mixture with raw sample properties were the same as relevant RVF. But the yield change trend with feeding rate is different from its RVF. The effects of the feeding rate of raw materials and the electric current of plasmatron on acetylene formation are also discussed.

  13. Glow-to-arc transition events in H{sub 2}-Ar direct current pulsed plasma: Automated measurement of current and voltage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mendes, Luciano A.; Rodrigues, Jhonatam C.; Mafra, Marcio

    2012-01-15

    The glow-to-arc transition phenomena (arcing) observed in plasma reactors used in materials processing was studied through the arcs characteristic current and voltage waveforms. In order to capture these arcs signals, a LABVIEW based automated instrumentation system (ARCVIEW) was developed, including the integration of an oscilloscope equipped with proper current and voltage probes. The system also allows capturing the process parameters at the arc occurrence moments, which were used to map the arcs events conditions. Experiments in H{sub 2}-Ar DC pulsed plasma returned signals data from 215 arcs events, which were analyzed through software routines. According to the results, an anti-arcing system should react in the time order of few microseconds to prevent most of the damage caused by the undesired arcing phenomena.

  14. Reactive codoping of GaAlInP compound semiconductors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hanna, Mark Cooper (Boulder, CO); Reedy, Robert (Golden, CO)

    2008-02-12

    A GaAlInP compound semiconductor and a method of producing a GaAlInP compound semiconductor are provided. The apparatus and method comprises a GaAs crystal substrate in a metal organic vapor deposition reactor. Al, Ga, In vapors are prepared by thermally decomposing organometallic compounds. P vapors are prepared by thermally decomposing phospine gas, group II vapors are prepared by thermally decomposing an organometallic group IIA or IIB compound. Group VIB vapors are prepared by thermally decomposing a gaseous compound of group VIB. The Al, Ga, In, P, group II, and group VIB vapors grow a GaAlInP crystal doped with group IIA or IIB and group VIB elements on the substrate wherein the group IIA or IIB and a group VIB vapors produced a codoped GaAlInP compound semiconductor with a group IIA or IIB element serving as a p-type dopant having low group II atomic diffusion.

  15. ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate Barrow, AK with additional satellite product (ARMBE-CLDRAD NSAC1 V2.1a)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    McCoy, Renata; Xie, Shaocheng

    2011-02-07

    The ARM CMBE-ATM [Xie, McCoy, Klein et al.] data file contains a best estimate of several selected atmospheric quantities from ACRF observations and NWP analysis data.

  16. ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate Barrow, AK with additional satellite product (ARMBE-CLDRAD NSAC1 V2.1a)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    McCoy, Renata; Xie, Shaocheng

    The ARM CMBE-ATM [Xie, McCoy, Klein et al.] data file contains a best estimate of several selected atmospheric quantities from ACRF observations and NWP analysis data.

  17. Six Berkeley Lab (Three ALS) Scientists Are 2012 APS Fellows

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Six Berkeley Lab (Three ALS) Scientists Are 2012 APS Fellows Six Berkeley Lab (Three ALS) Scientists Are 2012 APS Fellows Print Friday, 07 December 2012 00:00 This year's American Physical Society (APS) Fellows include six scientists from Berkeley Lab, three of whom are currently or have previously been at the ALS. Only half of one percent of APS members are elected by their peers to be Fellows in any given year for exceptional contributions to the physics enterprise, including outstanding

  18. ALS Capabilities Reveal How Like Can Attract Like

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Capabilities Reveal How Like Can Attract Like ALS Capabilities Reveal How Like Can Attract Like Print Wednesday, 26 March 2014 00:00 A Berkeley Lab research team working at the ALS has observed an unusual pairing that seems to go against a universal scientific truth-that opposite charges attract and like charges repel. Led by Berkeley Lab chemist Richard Saykally and theorist David Prendergast, researchers demonstrated that, when hydrated in water, positively charged ions (cations) can

  19. New ALS Technique Gives Nanoscale Views of Complex Systems

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    New ALS Technique Gives Nanoscale Views of Complex Systems New ALS Technique Gives Nanoscale Views of Complex Systems Print Wednesday, 28 May 2014 00:00 Studying and identifying molecules at the mesoscale has always been challenging-even the best microscopes and spectrometers have difficulty simultaneously identifying and spatially resolving this realm of matter, which ranges from about 10 to 1000 nanometers in size. But ALS researchers recently developed a broadband imaging technique that looks

  20. FINDING TRACERS FOR SUPERNOVA PRODUCED {sup 26}Al (Journal Article) |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    SciTech Connect FINDING TRACERS FOR SUPERNOVA PRODUCED {sup 26}Al Citation Details In-Document Search Title: FINDING TRACERS FOR SUPERNOVA PRODUCED {sup 26}Al We consider the cospatial production of elements in supernova explosions to find observationally detectable proxies for enhancement of {sup 26}Al in supernova ejecta and stellar systems. Using four progenitors, we explore a range of one-dimensional explosions at different energies and an asymmetric three-dimensional explosion. We find

  1. AL2007-02.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2.doc&#0; AL2007-02.doc&#0; PDF icon AL2007-02.doc&#0; More Documents & Publications Attached is Policy Flash 2013-34 Department of Energy Acquisition Letter 2013-04 on Executive Compensation Acquisition Letter No. AL 2014-07 Policy Flash 2014-29 Acquisition Letter 2014-07 - Benchmark Compensation Amount for Individual Executive Salary Actions

  2. Acquisition Letters No. AL 2013-05 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    5 Acquisition Letters No. AL 2013-05 PDF icon AL 2013-05.pdf PDF icon Attachment 1 DOE Section 311 Contract Award letter FY2013 April 26 PDF icon Attachment 2A DOE Section 311 Financial Assistance Letter FY2013 April 26 PDF icon Attachment 2B DOE Section 311 Financial Assistance Letter FY2013 April 26 More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - Section 311 AL FAL Feb 17 2010 FAR Acquisition Strategy Team FAR Acquisition Strategy Team

  3. ALS X-Rays Shine a New Light on Catalysis

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS X-Rays Shine a New Light on Catalysis Print Electrocatalysts are responsible for expediting reactions in many promising renewable energy technologies. However, the extreme...

  4. Acquisition Letter No. AL 2012-09 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    09 Acquisition Letter No. AL 2012-09 DATE: June 22, 2012 TO: Procurement DirectorsContracting Officers FROM: Chief Contract and Financial Assistance Policy Division Office of...

  5. Geothermal Literature Review At Salt Wells Area (Faulds, Et Al...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Salt Wells Area (Faulds, Et Al., 2011) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal Literature Review At Salt Wells Area (Faulds,...

  6. Takeda Advances Diabetes Drug Development at the ALS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Takeda Advances Diabetes Drug Development at the ALS Print Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), characterized by abnormally high blood glucose levels, affects hundreds of millions of...

  7. al-Qaida Strategy, Ideology, Doctrine, and Media

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Dr. Jarret Brachman

    2010-09-01

    Dr. Jarret Brachman, an internationally recognized al-Qaida specialist, author and public lecturer, shares his thoughts on a range of topics, including the differences involved in fighting insurgent groups versus terrorist organizations, the future of the global al-Qaida movement, and assessing America's efforts to combat al-Qaida. In his talk, Brachman focuses specifically on current trends in al-Qaida's military and messaging strategies, both from the perspective of the group's senior leadership and its regional commands. Presented on June 17, 2010.

  8. Acquisition Letter No. AL 2012-10 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of the Contract and Financial Assistance Policy Division, Office of Policy, Office of Acquisition and Project Management at Nancy.Harvey@hq.doe.gov. Attachment PDF icon AL...

  9. Surface Gas Sampling At Lightning Dock Area (Norman, Et Al.,...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Surface Gas Sampling At Lightning Dock Area (Norman, Et Al., 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Surface Gas Sampling At...

  10. Multispectral Imaging At Teels Marsh Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2006...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Page Edit with form History Multispectral Imaging At Teels Marsh Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2006) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity:...

  11. New ALS Technique Gives Nanoscale Views of Complex Systems

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    images of these ultra-thin nanosheets for the first time. By combining atomic force microscopy with infrared synchrotron light, ALS researchers from Berkeley Lab and the...

  12. Field Mapping At Beowawe Hot Springs Area (Wesnousky, Et Al....

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Field Mapping At Beowawe Hot Springs Area (Wesnousky, Et Al., 2003) Exploration Activity Details...

  13. Field Mapping At Northern Basin & Range Region (Blewitt Et Al...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Field Mapping At Northern Basin & Range Region (Blewitt Et Al, 2005) Exploration Activity Details...

  14. Aerial Photography At Pilgrim Hot Springs Area (Prakash, Et Al...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Aerial Photography At Pilgrim Hot Springs Area (Prakash, Et Al., 2010) Exploration Activity Details...

  15. Investigation Memorandum: OIG Case No. I07AL011

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Investigation of Alleged False Certifications Relating to Testing of the Contingency Protective Force at the Pantex Plant, OIG Case No. I07AL011

  16. Core Analysis At Newberry Caldera Area (Carothers, Et Al., 1987...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Core Analysis At Newberry Caldera Area (Carothers, Et Al., 1987) Exploration Activity...

  17. Ground Gravity Survey At Truckhaven Area (Warpinski, Et Al.,...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2004) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Gravity Survey At Truckhaven Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Exploration Activity...

  18. Water Sampling At Teels Marsh Area (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2006)...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Water Sampling At Teels Marsh Area (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2006) Exploration Activity Details...

  19. Water Sampling At Yellowstone Region (Hurwitz, Et Al., 2007)...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Water Sampling At Yellowstone Region (Hurwitz, Et Al., 2007) Exploration Activity Details...

  20. Water Sampling At Hawthorne Area (Lazaro, Et Al., 2010) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Water Sampling At Hawthorne Area (Lazaro, Et Al., 2010) Exploration Activity Details...

  1. Water Sampling At Rhodes Marsh Area (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2006...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Water Sampling At Rhodes Marsh Area (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2006) Exploration Activity Details...

  2. Water Sampling At Valles Caldera - Redondo Area (Rao, Et Al....

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Water Sampling At Valles Caldera - Redondo Area (Rao, Et Al., 1996) Exploration Activity...

  3. Water Sampling At Salt Wells Area (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2006) ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Water Sampling At Salt Wells Area (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2006) Exploration Activity Details...

  4. Acquisition Letter No. AL 2014-07 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Acquisition Letter 07 - Benchmark Compensation Amount for Individual Executive Salary Actions SUMMARY: The purpose of Acquisition Letter (AL) 2014-07 is to establish the...

  5. Slim Holes At Blue Mountain Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) |...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Slim Holes At Blue Mountain Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Blue...

  6. Ground Gravity Survey At Chocolate Mountains Area (Alm, Et Al...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Chocolate Mountains Area (Alm, Et Al., 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Gravity Survey At Chocolate Mountains Area...

  7. Ground Magnetics At Chocolate Mountains Area (Alm, Et Al., 2010...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Chocolate Mountains Area (Alm, Et Al., 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Magnetics At Chocolate Mountains Area (Alm,...

  8. Observation Wells At Blue Mountain Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Blue Mountain Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Observation Wells At Blue Mountain Area (Warpinski,...

  9. Conceptual Model At Salt Wells Area (Faulds, Et Al., 2011) |...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    At Salt Wells Area (Faulds, Et Al., 2011) Exploration Activity Details Location Salt Wells Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Conceptual Model Activity Date 2011 Usefulness...

  10. Injectivity Test At Chena Geothermal Area (Holdmann, Et Al.,...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Injectivity Test At Chena Geothermal Area (Holdmann, Et Al., 2006) Exploration Activity Details Location...

  11. Flow Test At Chena Geothermal Area (Holdmann, Et Al., 2006) ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Flow Test At Chena Geothermal Area (Holdmann, Et Al., 2006) Exploration Activity Details Location...

  12. Injectivity Test At Newberry Caldera Area (Combs, Et Al., 1999...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Injectivity Test At Newberry Caldera Area (Combs, Et Al., 1999) Exploration Activity Details Location...

  13. Injectivity Test At Steamboat Springs Area (Combs, Et Al., 1999...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Injectivity Test At Steamboat Springs Area (Combs, Et Al., 1999) Exploration Activity Details Location...

  14. Ground Magnetics At Cove Fort Area - Vapor (Warpinski, Et Al...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Magnetics At Cove Fort Area - Vapor (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) Exploration Activity Details...

  15. Ground Magnetics At Cove Fort Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002)...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Magnetics At Cove Fort Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location...

  16. Data Acquisition-Manipulation At Chena Area (Erkan, Et. Al.,...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Data Acquisition-Manipulation At Chena Area (Erkan, Et. Al., 2008) Exploration Activity...

  17. Six Berkeley Lab (Three ALS) Scientists Are 2012 APS Fellows

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Six Berkeley Lab (Three ALS) Scientists Are 2012 APS Fellows Print This year's American Physical Society (APS) Fellows include six scientists from Berkeley Lab, three of whom are...

  18. Thermal Gradient Holes At Cove Fort Area (Warpinski, Et Al.,...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Gradient Holes Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Update to Warpinski, et al., 2002 References N. R. Warpinski, A. R. Sattler, R. Fortuna, D....

  19. Ground Magnetics At Cove Fort Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004)...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Technique Ground Magnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Update to Warpinski, et al., 2002 References N. R. Warpinski, A. R. Sattler, R. Fortuna, D....

  20. Ground Magnetics At Cove Fort Area - Vapor (Warpinski, Et Al...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Technique Ground Magnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Update to Warpinski, et al., 2002 References N. R. Warpinski, A. R. Sattler, R. Fortuna, D....

  1. Slim Holes At Steamboat Springs Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Technique Slim Holes Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Update to Warpinski, et al., 2002 References N. R. Warpinski, A. R. Sattler, R. Fortuna, D....

  2. Modeling-Computer Simulations At Hawthorne Area (Lazaro, Et Al...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Hawthorne Area (Lazaro, Et Al., 2010) Exploration Activity Details...

  3. New ALS Technique Gives Nanoscale Views of Complex Systems

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    spectroscopic images of these ultra-thin nanosheets for the first time. By combining atomic force microscopy with infrared synchrotron light, ALS researchers from Berkeley Lab...

  4. Aerial Photography At Brady Hot Springs Area (Wesnousky, Et Al...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brady Hot Springs Area (Wesnousky, Et Al., 2003) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Aerial Photography At Brady Hot Springs Area...

  5. Albert "Al" J. Williams | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Albert "Al" J. Williams About Us Albert "Al" J. Williams - President, Chevron Pipe Line Company (CPL) Albert “Al” J. Williams Albert (Al) J. Williams is president of Chevron Pipe Line Company (CPL), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Chevron Corporation, a role he assumed in May 2014. He is responsible for managing an extensive network of crude oil, natural gas and refined product pipelines, as well as storage facilities in North America. CPL also provides technical,

  6. In situ analyses on negative ions in the sputtering process to deposit Al-doped ZnO films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsukamoto, Naoki; Watanabe, Daisuke; Saito, Motoaki; Sato, Yasushi; Oka, Nobuto; Shigesato, Yuzo

    2010-07-15

    The origin of high energy negative ions during deposition of aluminum doped zinc oxide (AZO) films by dc magnetron sputtering of an AZO (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}: 2.0 wt %) target was investigated by in situ analyses using the quadrupole mass spectrometer combined with the electrostatic energy analyzer. High energy negative oxygen (O{sup -}) ions which possessed the kinetic energy corresponding to the cathode sheath voltage were detected. The maximum flux of the O{sup -} ions was clearly observed at the location opposite to the erosion track area on the target. The flux of the O{sup -} ions changed hardly with increasing O{sub 2} flow ratio [O{sub 2}/(Ar+O{sub 2})] from 0% to 5%. The kinetic energy of the O{sup -} ions decreased with decreasing cathode sheath voltage from 403 to 337 V due to the enhancement of the vertical maximum magnetic field strength at the cathode surface from 0.025 to 0.100 T. The AZO films deposited with the lower O{sup -} bombardment energy showed the higher crystallinity and improved the electrical conductivity.

  7. Strain dependence on polarization properties of AlGaN and AlGaN-based ultraviolet lasers grown on AlN substrates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bryan, Zachary Bryan, Isaac; Sitar, Zlatko; Collazo, Ramn; Mita, Seiji; Tweedie, James

    2015-06-08

    Since the band ordering in AlGaN has a profound effect on the performance of UVC light emitting diodes (LEDs) and even determines the feasibility of surface emitting lasers, the polarization properties of emitted light from c-oriented AlGaN and AlGaN-based laser structures were studied over the whole composition range, as well as various strain states, quantum confinements, and carrier densities. A quantitative relationship between the theoretical valence band separation, determined using kp theory, and the experimentally measured degree of polarization is presented. Next to composition, strain was found to have the largest influence on the degree of polarization while all other factors were practically insignificant. The lowest crossover point from the transverse electric to transverse magnetic polarized emission of 245?nm was found for structures pseudomorphically grown on AlN substrates. This finding has significant implications toward the efficiency and feasibility of surface emitting devices below this wavelength.

  8. Effect of Al-mole fraction in Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}N grown by MOCVD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jayasakthi, M. Ramesh, R. Prabakaran, K. Loganathan, R. Kuppulingam, B. Balaji, M. Arivazhagan, P. Sankaranarayanan, S. Singh, Shubra Baskar, K.

    2014-04-24

    AlGaN/AlN layers were grown by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) on sapphire substrates. The Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}N layer composition was varied from 15% to 25%. The crystalline quality, thickness and aluminum (Al) composition of AlGaN were determined using high resolution X-ray diffraction (HRXRD). The growth rate decreases on increasing Al composition. Reciprocal space mapping (RSM) was used to estimate the strain and relaxation between AlGaN and AlN. The optical properties of AlGaN layers were investigated by room temperature Photoluminescence (PL). The AlGaN peak shifts towards lower wavelength with Al composition. The surface morphology of AlGaN was studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Root mean square (RMS) roughness values were found to be increased in AlGaN layers with composition.

  9. Acquisition Letter No. AL 2013-04 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    4 Acquisition Letter No. AL 2013-04 PDF icon AL 2013-04.pdf More Documents & Publications Acquisition Letter No. AL 2014-07 AL2007-02.doc&#0;

  10. Gaseous modification of MCrAlY coatings

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vance, Steven J. (Orlando, FL); Goedjen, John G. (Oviedo, FL); Sabol, Stephen M. (Orlando, FL); Sloan, Kelly M. (Longwood, FL)

    2000-01-01

    The present invention generally describes methods for modifying MCrAlY coatings by using gaseous carburization, gaseous nitriding or gaseous carbonitriding. The modified MCrAlY coatings are useful in thermal barrier coating systems, which may be used in gas turbine engines.

  11. Lanthanide Al-Ni base Ericsson cycle magnetic refrigerants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gschneidner, Jr., Karl A. (Ames, IA); Takeya, Hiroyuki (Ibaraki, JP)

    1995-10-31

    A magnetic refrigerant for a magnetic refrigerator using the Ericsson thermodynamic cycle comprises DyAlNi and (Gd.sub.0.54 Er.sub.0.46)AlNi alloys having a relatively constant .DELTA.Tmc over a wide temperature range.

  12. AL2008-03.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3.pdf AL2008-03.pdf PDF icon AL2008-03.pdf More Documents & Publications Preliminary Notice of Violation, Bechtel National, Inc. - NEA-2008-03 2008-03 "Actions Regarding the EPA Stormwater Discharge Permit" Department of Energy Response to NNMCAB Recommendation 2008-03

  13. Microsoft Word - al96-09.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6-09.doc Microsoft Word - al96-09.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - al96-09.doc More Documents & Publications Subject: Cost and Price Analysis Subject: Cost and Price Analysis Policy Flash 2013-30 Acquisition Letter on Acquisition Planning Considerations for Management and Operating Contracts

  14. Microsoft Word - AL2005-15.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    5.doc Microsoft Word - AL2005-15.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - AL2005-15.doc More Documents & Publications Appendix A. Notice of Inquiry: Preparation of Report to Congress on Price-Anderson Act. 62 Federal Register 68,272 (December 31, 1997) Public comment re Price-Anderson Act Public Comment on Price Anderson Act from the University of Chicago

  15. Microsoft Word - AL2006-10.doc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0.doc Microsoft Word - AL2006-10.doc PDF icon AL2006-10 More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - Matrixpart2.doc Microsoft Word - AcqGuide70pt52Matrixpart2Redo AcqGuide70.52Matrixpart2Redo-OPAM

  16. Lanthanide Al-Ni base Ericsson cycle magnetic refrigerants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gschneidner, K.A. Jr.; Takeya, Hiroyuki

    1995-10-31

    A magnetic refrigerant for a magnetic refrigerator using the Ericsson thermodynamic cycle comprises DyAlNi and (Gd{sub 0.54}Er{sub 0.46})AlNi alloys having a relatively constant {Delta}Tmc over a wide temperature range. 16 figs.

  17. Acquisition Letter No. AL 2013-11 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    1 Acquisition Letter No. AL 2013-11 PDF icon AL 2013-11.pdf More Documents & Publications Business System Clause - Berta Schreiber, Dir, Office of Policy (MA-61) EVMS - FROM DATA TO DIAGNOSIS - A DoD Perspective - David Kester, Defense Contract Management Agency Office of the General Counsel Perspective - Joseph Lenhard, Assistant General Counsel for Procurement and Financial Assistance

  18. A density functional tight binding/force field approach to the interaction of molecules with rare gas clusters: Application to (C{sub 6}H{sub 6}){sup +/0}Ar{sub n} clusters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iftner, Christophe; Simon, Aude; Korchagina, Kseniia; Rapacioli, Mathias; Spiegelman, Fernand

    2014-01-21

    We propose in the present paper a SCC-DFTB/FF (Self-Consistent-Charge Density Functional based Tight Binding/Force-Field) scheme adapted to the investigation of molecules trapped in rare gas environments. With respect to usual FF descriptions, the model involves the interaction of quantum electrons in a molecule with rare gas atoms in an anisotropic scheme. It includes polarization and dispersion contributions and can be used for both neutral and charged species. Parameters for this model are determined for hydrocarbon-argon complexes and the model is validated for small hydrocarbons. With the future aim of studying polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Ar matrices, extensive benchmark calculations are performed on (C{sub 6}H{sub 6}){sup +/0}Ar{sub n} clusters against DFT and CCSD(T) calculations for the smaller sizes, and more generally against other experimental and theoretical data. Results on the structures and energetics (isomer ordering and energy separation, cohesion energy per Ar atom) are presented in detail for n = 18, 13, 20, 27, and 30, for both neutrals and cations. We confirm that the clustering of Ar atoms leads to a monotonous decrease of the ionization potential of benzene for n ? 20, in line with previous experimental and FF data.

  19. Stimulated emission and optical gain in AlGaN heterostructures grown on bulk AlN substrates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guo, Wei Bryan, Zachary; Kirste, Ronny; Bryan, Isaac; Hussey, Lindsay; Bobea, Milena; Haidet, Brian; Collazo, Ramn; Sitar, Zlatko; Xie, Jinqiao; Mita, Seiji; Gerhold, Michael

    2014-03-14

    Optical gain spectra for ?250?nm stimulated emission were compared in three different AlGaN-based structures grown on single crystalline AlN substrates: a single AlGaN film, a double heterostructure (DH), and a Multiple Quantum Well (MQW) structure; respective threshold pumping power densities of 700, 250, and 150?kW/cm{sup 2} were observed. Above threshold, the emission was transverse-electric polarized and as narrow as 1.8?nm without a cavity. The DH and MQW structures showed gain values of 5060?cm{sup ?1} when pumped at 1?MW/cm{sup 2}. The results demonstrated the excellent optical quality of the AlGaN-based heterostructures grown on AlN substrates and their potential for realizing electrically pumped sub-280?nm laser diodes.

  20. Toyota Collaborates with the ALS and Molecular Foundry

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Toyota Collaborates with the ALS and Molecular Foundry Toyota Collaborates with the ALS and Molecular Foundry Print Friday, 18 July 2014 10:41 Toyota has been conducting research at the ALS since 2010, using soft x-rays and the expertise and endstations at Beamline 6.3.1 to help them gain insight into the chemistry of electrolytes for use in magnesium-ion batteries. The hope is that the research eventually leads to a fully developed magnesium-based battery technology that would replace lithium