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1

AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund Jump to: navigation, search Name AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund Place New York, New York Zip 10170 Product AirShares is a commodity pool for exchange-traded futures contracts for EUAs. References AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund is a company located in New York, New York . References ↑ "AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=AirShares_EU_Carbon_Allowances_Fund&oldid=341942" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes

2

De-Carbonizing California and the EU  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biofuel Yearly vehicle tax Bio fuel car subsidy EU specific200) subsidy when purchasing a bio fuel car Emission tradingincreasing electric use and bio-fuels . The total fuel use

Berck, Peter; Brannlund, Runar

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Analysing future trends of renewable electricity in the EU in a low-carbon context  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to analyse the situation and trends of electricity from renewable energy sources (RES-E) in the EU up to 2030, taking into account several drivers and barriers and different maturity levels for the renewable energy technologies. The methodology is based on the results of simulation models providing insights on future outlooks, complemented with an analysis of regulations and other drivers and barriers. Regarding the most mature renewable electricity technologies, the main drivers will be public policies (carbon prices and support schemes) and the expected up-ward trend in fossil-fuel prices and the main barriers are related to grid access, administrative procedures and the exhaustion of places with the best wind resource. For those already commercial but expensive technologies, the main driver is support schemes (but not carbon prices) allowing the exploitation of the large potential for investment cost reductions. Barriers are mostly related to their high investment costs. Finally, for those technologies which are emerging and immature, further technical improvements as a result of R&D efforts will be needed and they cannot be expected to significantly penetrate the European electricity market until 2030.

Pablo del Río

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

The impact of subsidies and carbon pricing on the wood biomass use for energy in the EU  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study examines how subsidies for wood-fired heat and power plants and wood with coal co-fired power plants influence the use of wood biomass for energy in the short (2020) to medium (2030) term in the EU (European Union). Analysis shows that without subsidies wood-fired electricity will take only a marginal market share due to limited availability of low-cost wood from logging residues. A high CO2 price of 100 €/t without subsidies results in 30 million m3 of industrial wood used for energy production, which is sourced from the reduction of 12 million m3 for wood products, 10 million m3 additional imports and 8 million m3 additional harvest. With a subsidy level of 30 €/MWh in the four EU member countries Denmark, Germany, Netherlands and UK, the total amount of industrial wood used for energy becomes 158 million m3. In the latter case, reduction of wood for wood-based products is 35 million m3, additional harvest in the EU is 21 million m3, and import to the EU is 102 million m3. Subsidies to wood-fired and especially coal with wood co-fired mills substantially increase the use of wood and especially industrial wood for energy. However, even with a high 100 €/tCO2 price and subsidy, mostly gas-fired electricity is projected to be displaced in 2030 by the increasing use of industrial wood, which is not beneficial regarding reducing the high CO2 emission from power production using coal. To a large extent, subsidies for wood co-firing maintain the coal power share, which will otherwise be reduced at high carbon emission price level. In addition, the model results show that the main sources of the growing use of industrial wood for energy are imports from regions outside of the EU, which thus creates considerable carbon leakages.

Alexander Moiseyev; Birger Solberg; A. Maarit I. Kallio

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Regulation of Carbon Capture and Storage in China: Lessons from the EU CCS Directive  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Is CCS (Carbon Capture and Storage) a super hero who successfully ... China is also facing strong international pressure on carbon emission reduction, this means that China will...2 emissions. For this purpose, t...

Tianbao Qin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Carbon leakage and competitiveness of cement and steel industries under the EU  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

about nothing Abstract In a world of uneven climate policies, concerns about carbon leakage, compétitivité, fuites de carbone, industries énergie-intensives, ARIMA, Prais- Winsten CIRED Working Papers-Germain, 75006 Paris, France Abstract In a world of uneven climate policies, concerns about carbon leakage

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

7

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C5, supplement aun 5, Tome 40, Mai 1979, page C5-393 Effects of carbon on the magnetism of EuB6  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of carbon on the magnetism of EuB6 M. Kasaya (*), J. M. Tarascon, J. Etourneau and P. Hagenmuller antiferromagnétique. Pour des compositions intermédiaires, ils sont mictomagnétiques. Abstract. -- Magnetization has been measured as function of temperature and magnetic field for compounds of composition EuB6_xCx (0

Boyer, Edmond

8

The EU Foreign Policy.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This dissertations aims to examine the EU Foreign Policy, and more precisely map the High Representative (HR) and his impact on the Common Foreign… (more)

Petersson, Emmy

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

EU | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EU EU Dataset Summary Description These datasets include GHG and CO2 emissions statistics for the European Union (EU). The statistics are available from the European Commission. Source European Commission Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords Biofuels CO2 emissions EU GHG emissions Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon Total GHG and CO2 Emissions for EU (xls, 853.5 KiB) application/vnd.ms-excel icon GHG Emissions by Sector, all member countries (xls, 2 MiB) application/vnd.ms-excel icon GHG Emissions from Transport, all member countries (xls, 1.3 MiB) application/vnd.ms-excel icon CO2 emissions by sector, all member countries (xls, 2.1 MiB) application/vnd.ms-excel icon CO2 emissions by transport, all member countries (xls, 1.5 MiB) Quality Metrics

10

Appendix A MIT Joint Program Report 193 1 Appendix A: Sectoral Trading between the EU-ETS and Emerging Countries1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, sectoral trading could be used to extend the European Emission Trading Scheme (EU-ETS) to electricity.5 billion of carbon permits and the EU carbon price decreases by 88% in 2030. Sectoral trading has a small impact on Chinese electricity generation but reverses changes in EU electricity generation driven

11

De-Carbonizing California and the EU  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

environmental protection agency Sector specific instruments Energy and housing sector Green certificates Subsidy to windpower

Berck, Peter; Brannlund, Runar

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Understanding fuel switching under the EU ETS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Since the creation of the European Union Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS), European power producers have monitored carbon emissions resulting from the composition of their production. Fuel switching is the main short-term abatement measure under the EU ETS. It consists in substituting combined cycle gas turbines (CCGTs) for hard-coal plants in off-peak power generation. Thereby coal plants run for shorter periods, allowing power producers to reduce their CO2 emissions. The aim of this paper is two-fold. First, we summarise the main characteristics of fuel switching under the EU ETS. Second, we show how differences in the energy/environmental efficiency of power plants impact the marginal cost of fuel switching. We demonstrate that the level of switching effort influences the dependence of the marginal cost of switching on fuel prices. The marginal cost of switching is shown to be increasingly dependent on the gas price as the switching effort increases, whereas the net effect is undetermined for the coal price. All the conclusions are summarised in several illustrative examples.

Vincent Bertrand

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

The European carbon market (2005-2007): banking, pricing and risk-hedging strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Keywords: Climate Change Policy; Emissions Trading; EU ETS; European carbon market; Banking Borrowing2010 #12;2 1 Introduction The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) has been created

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

14

Modelling the convenience yield in carbon prices using daily and realized measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for carbon spot and futures prices, which are exchanged since 2005 on the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS). The EU emissions trading system has been created by the Directive 2003/87/CE. Across 27

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

15

EU competition law on electricity sector liberalisation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper aims to study how competition law helps facilitate the process of EU electricity liberalisation and study the use of competition law on the liberalised EU energy market. This paper provides an overview of competition law regarding to purposes of EU competition law and articles 101, 102 and 106 of EC Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. The paper explores the role of competition law on EU electricity market liberalisation and focuses on the three main directive packages that transform EU electricity market towards competition. It further explores competition law enforcement that facilitates the structural change in EU electricity sector and discusses how the EU Competition Commission utilise the competition law to decrease market barriers in EU electricity sector. Finally the paper focuses on possible issues for competition law on EU electricity sector, especially on merger and acquisition cases. The last part provides conclusion of the paper.

Pornchai Wisuttisak

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Complexation of Eu3+ with a macrocyclic lactam receptor: Experimental and theoretical study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

From extraction experiments and ?-activity measurements, the extraction constant corresponding to the equilibrium Eu3+(aq) + 3A?(aq) + 1 (nb) ? 1·Eu3+(nb) + 3A?(nb) taking place in the two-phase water–nitrobenzene system ( A - = CF 3 SO 3 - ; 1 = macrocyclic lactam receptor – see Scheme 1; aq = aqueous phase, nb = nitrobenzene phase) was evaluated as log Kex (1·Eu3+, 3A?) = ?4.1 ± 0.1. Further, the stability constant of the 1·Eu3+ cationic complex in nitrobenzene saturated with water was calculated for a temperature of 25 °C: log ?nb (1·Eu3+) = 9.0 ± 0.1. Finally, by using DFT calculations, the most probable structure of the cationic complex species 1·Eu3+ was derived. In the resulting 1·Eu3+ complex, the “central” cation Eu3+ is bound by five bond interactions to two ethereal oxygen atoms and two carbonyl oxygens, as well as to one carbon atom of the corresponding benzene ring of the parent macrocyclic lactam receptor 1 via cation–? interaction.

Emanuel Makrlík; Stanislav Záliš; Zde?ka Sedláková; Petr Va?ura

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Hyperfine Structure of EuI  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

14 December 1965 research-article Hyperfine Structure of EuI Y. Bordarier B. R. Judd M. Klapisch A theoretical analysis is made of the hyperfine structure of the twelve levels of Eu I...

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Carbon Capture and Utilization in Germany  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on the EU CO2 Storage Directive of April 2009 [1...], much emphasis on governmental level has been put on carbon capture and storage (CCS) as a supplementing...2 emissions, in particular from fossil fuel fi...

A. Bazzanella

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

EU Energy Wind Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

energy Product: The company will be concentrating initially on bringing an innovative composite wind tower to market. References: EU Energy (Wind) Limited1 This article is a...

20

Optimal Production Policy under the Carbon Emission Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimal Production Policy under the Carbon Emission Market Redouane Belaouar Arash Fahim Nizar Scheme (EU ETS) which provides a way to control the emission of CO2 within carbon polluters through carbon emission. Within ETS, certain industrial installations with intensive carbon pollution are given

Touzi, Nizar

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airshares eu carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Reduction of Eu{sup 3+} to Eu{sup 2+} in aluminoborosilicate glasses under ionizing radiation  

SciTech Connect

Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3}-doped aluminoborosilicate glasses were prepared by melting in air at high temperature ({approx}1500 {sup o}C). It was shown by luminescence and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) measurements that both Eu{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 2+} ions can exist simultaneously in the glass matrix studied after glass synthesis as well as after exposure to ionizing radiation. Increase of total Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3} concentration leads to the increase of Eu{sup 3+} luminescence intensity while the luminescence intensity of Eu{sup 2+} ions tends to decrease. In contrast the EPR indicates that the amount of Eu{sup 2+} ions in the glass increases with total Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3} concentration. The difference in the results of the two spectroscopies is explained in terms of energy transfer from Eu{sup 2+} to Eu{sup 3+} leading to an Eu{sup 2+} luminescence quenching. Irradiation results in the increase of reduced Eu{sup 2+} quantity detected by EPR measurements. It was shown that Eu{sup 2+} ions are located in both high (g {approx} 4.6) and low symmetry ('U' spectrum) sites in the structure of aluminoborosilicate glasses. The increase of Eu{sup 2+} content by the increase of the irradiation dose manifests the strong reduction process Eu{sup 3+} {yields} Eu{sup 2+}.

Malchukova, E., E-mail: genia@poly.polytechnique.fr [Laboratoire des Solides Irradies, UMR 7642 CEA-CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex (France); Boizot, B. [Laboratoire des Solides Irradies, UMR 7642 CEA-CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex (France)] [Laboratoire des Solides Irradies, UMR 7642 CEA-CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex (France)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

22

The economic impact of the upcoming EU emissions trading system on airlines and EU Member States—an empirical estimation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In February 2009, the European Union’s (EU) Directive for the inclusion of aviation into the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU-ETS) for CO2-emissions came into force. From 2012 onwards, the EU-ETS will cover virtua...

Martin Schaefer; Janina Scheelhaase; Wolfgang Grimme…

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Optimal Production Policy under the Carbon Emission Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimal Production Policy under the Carbon Emission Market Radoin Belaouar Arash Fahim Nizar Touzi than what she used to do before the existence of the emission market. Key words: EU ETS, Carbon ETS) which provides a way to control the emission of CO2 within carbon polluters through trading

24

XPS study of Eu(III) coordination compounds: Core levels binding energies in solid mixed-oxo-compounds EumXxOy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Literature is relatively sparse on XPS studies of europium compounds: it is essentially restricted to metallic compounds (EuM5, in which M is a transition metal) or to simple oxides. While particular interest have been devoted to understanding physical phenomenon in the beginning of “shake-down” and “shake-up” satellites evidenced on core-level regions of the lanthanides, few information on absolute binding energies (BE) was available. This paper reports an XPS binding energy data base for europium(III) compounds, in which Eu cation have various chemical environments: simple oxide Eu2O3, Eu mixed oxides with organic oxalate, acetylacetonate or inorganic sulfate, nitrate, carbonate ligands. The values of core-level BE (O1s, Eu3d and Eu4d) and the characteristics of shake-down satellites of Eu3d are reported, and their variations are attributed to ionicity/covalency changes. Such interpretation was already published for Group A mixed oxides and zeolites. These data are needed for determining Eu(III) species sorbed onto minerals in the presence of various ligands in the framework of retention studies for assessing the safety of future nuclear waste disposals.

F. Mercier; C. Alliot; L. Bion; N. Thromat; P. Toulhoat

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Japan, EU reach basic agreement over ITER The Yomiuri Shimbun  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Japan, EU reach basic agreement over ITER The Yomiuri Shimbun The government and the European Union to the unsuccessful candidate country. Japan and France, the EU's candidate, have been bidding to host the facility bidder's country. The ITER project participants--Japan, China, the EU, Russia, South Korea and the United

26

EU Verbraucherrechte Apple One-Year Limited  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EU Verbraucherrechte Apple One-Year Limited Warranty AppleCare Protection Plan CC Service Pack, Kabel. Zusätzlich bei allen Macs: 1x Time Capsule oder 1x Airport Gerät sowie 1x Apple Display Macs u sowie 1x Apple Display Material- u. Herstellungsfehler. Keine Leistung für Verschlei�teile wie Akku

Fiebig, Peter

27

Changing the rules of the game – An analysis of EU influence on electricity and gas liberalization, with a focus on the Baltic Sea region, and future challenges to EU energy market regulation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study analyses the expansion of the EU into energy market regulation. It shows that the limits to EU influence and, thereby, EU energy market… (more)

Khiar, I L

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

The UK's negotiation of its EU budget rebate.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis is an investigation of Britain’s negotiations of its EU budget rebate. It attempts to answer the main question of why Britain decided to… (more)

Lee, Chung Hee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Microsoft Word - EU-US Smart Grid assessment - final report ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Smart Homes etc.) and provides reliable and sustainable electricity services (demand response, VPP, dispatching, integration of RES etc.). Policy drivers EU The overarching...

30

Rusland-Ukraine-EU Trianglen - strategier og konflikter.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Projektet søger at belyse hvilke strategier og interesser der ligger bag Rusland og EU's udenrigspolitiske tilgang til Ukraine samt hvordan disse konflikter med hinanden. Dette… (more)

Abild, Kasper

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

CMI hosts EU, Japan discuss global critical materials strategy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CMI hosts EU, Japan discuss global critical materials strategy Insider Finding ways to ensure the planet's supply of rare earths and other materials necessary for clean energy...

32

Norway and Emissions Trading: From Global Front-Runner to EU Follower  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A striking convergence has taken place in the design of the Norwegian and EU greenhouse gas emissions trading systems from 1998 to 2004. This article ... the EU trading system and resulted in EU emissions trading

Ingvild Andreassen Sæverud; Jørgen Wettestad

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITE ALLCOMP Carbon-Carbon Composite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITE ALLCOMP Carbon-Carbon Composite · C-C supplied in two forms · T300: C-C composite containing continuous PAN T300 fibers · SWB: Chopped Fiber Composite containing SWB fibers Crush strength 4340 steel, carbon-carbon composite, and Carbon-Silicon Carbide composite were tested to examine

Rollins, Andrew M.

34

What (Economic) Constitution Does the EU Need ? Janvier 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What (Economic) Constitution Does the EU Need ? N° 2007-04 Janvier 2007 Eloi Laurent OFCE-FNSP eloi2014 #12;2 What (Economic) Constitution Does the EU Need? * �loi Laurent (OFCE/FNSP)1 Jacques Le in this debate by identifying what is essentially wrong with the economic provisions of the EUT, which we

Boyer, Edmond

35

E.U. environmental policies: a document - based qualitative research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Climate change has become a reality with many consequences in different fields. The European Union (EU) has been at the forefront of international action to combat climate change since 1990, when the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's (IPCC) ... Keywords: EU policy, European legislation, climate change, environment, greenhouse gas emissions, qualitative research

Iuliana Pop; Madalina-Teodora Andrei; Charlotte Valentine Ene; Florin Vartolomei; Petronela-Sonia Nedea; Radita Alexe

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Japan rejects EU ITER deal 02 February 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

News Japan rejects EU ITER deal 02 February 2005 An offer from the EU for Japan to drop its bid preferential issuance of orders to Japanese companies. Japan had previously proposed to issue about $Y57 authority to issue orders to Japanese firms and a distinct difference between the two proposals. Japan

37

ITER: Japan to assign 20 percent of construction work to EU firms; Proposal for EU official to assume chief executive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ITER: Japan to assign 20 percent of construction work to EU firms; Proposal for EU official to assume chief executive position MAINICHI (Top Play) (Lead para.) December 7, 2004 Japan and the European Experimental Reactor (ITER). Japan yesterday revealed the details of a proposal to host the project. Tokyo has

38

Russian energy in the EU market: Bolstered institutionsand their effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The article examines institutional changes in EU–Russian energy relations since 2000. The article explores the ability of transformed institutions to limit the politicisation of energy and to reconcile the EU competitive-market approach with Russian state capitalism. More specifically, the article focuses on changes in intergovernmental, transgovernmental and transnational interactions. The article demonstrates that the gradual strengthening of transgovernmental and transnational institutions has inhibited the politicisation of energy relations and facilitated regulative cooperation between the EU and Russia. However, the potential of shared institutions is constrained by internal institutions on both sides. In Russia, these obstacles are insufficient top-down delegation of responsibilities in the government and its great power aspirations. In the EU, key barriers include inter-institutional rivalries, the EU’s propensity to impose its legislation on external partners and the integration of energy policy with foreign policy. The article presents several policy implications. First, it is futile to institutionally impose the regulative paradigm of one partner on the other; rather, mutual dialogue is needed. Thus, institutions should be structured appropriately. Second, current depoliticisation will require the involvement of not only the EU and Russia but also transit countries, such as Ukraine. Third, transgovernmental and transnational cooperation should be nurtured because this is a useful channel for both information exchange and a regulative convergence of policy implementing mechanisms. Finally, this incremental regulative convergence is the only option available today for the EU and Russia; this is also a way to further depoliticise energy relations.

Tatiana Romanova

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

The Clean Development Mechanism and CER Price Formation in the Carbon Emission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Clean Development Mechanism and CER Price Formation in the Carbon Emission Markets Ren such as the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) and offset certificates such as CERs generated within historically. Keywords. Environmental risk, energy economics, cap-and-trade, carbon mar- kets, Kyoto protocol

Carmona, Rene

40

EU Energy Statistics 2010 (1990 - 2007) | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

43 43 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142278043 Varnish cache server EU Energy Statistics 2010 (1990 - 2007) Dataset Summary Description These two datasets include energy statistics for the European Union (EU). The statistics are available from the European Commission. The data includes detailed information about: production, net imports, gross inland consumption, and electricity generation for the EU as a whole, as well as the individual member countries, for the period between 1990 and 2007. Also included is annual gross electricity generation from renewables (hydro, pumped storage, wind, biomass, PV, and geothermal) for all EU member countries, 1990 - 2007.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airshares eu carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Plug-in electric vehicle introduction in the EU  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) could significantly reduce gasoline consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the EU's transport sector. However, PEV well-towheel (WTW) emissions depend on improvements in vehicle ...

Sisternes, Fernando J. de $q (Fernando José Sisternes Jiménez)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Forschung und EU-Hochschulbro, Technologietransfer Februar 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Safety and Radiation Protection ­ neuer Aufruf 9 2.9. Allgemeines zum 7. Forschungsrahmenprogramm 9 2: Reliably Secure Software Systems ­ RS3 (SPP 1496) 21 9. Ingenieurwissenschaften 21 9.1.1. EU: Intelligente

Nejdl, Wolfgang

43

Carbon sequestration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Leaver and Howard Dalton Carbon sequestration Rattan Lal * * ( lal.1...and biotic technologies. Carbon sequestration implies transfer of atmospheric...and biomass burning. 3. Carbon sequestration Emission rates from fossil...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Carbon Sequestration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

“Carbon sequestration” refers to a portfolio of activities for ... capture, separation and storage or reuse of carbon or CO2. Carbon sequestration technologies encompass both the prevention of CO2 emissions into ...

Robert L. Kane MS; Daniel E. Klein MBA

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Application of Spin-Wave Theory to EuS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Magnetization data for EuS powder in zero field and at liquid-helium temperatures has been obtained by nuclear magnetic resonance of both the Eu151 and Eu153 nuclei. These data are considered simultaneously with those for the specific heat of EuS powder obtained by McCollum and Callaway in order to provide a more definitive application of the spin-wave theory to this material. The theory is that given by Holstein and Primakoff and special attention is given to the effects of magnetic dipolar coupling on the spin-wave energy and moment. The calculation was carried out by summation over the exact Brillouin zone. Values of the nearest-neighbor exchange interaction J1 and second-neighbor exchange J2, as well as an effective field H which simultaneously produced reasonable agreement between calculation and experiment are J1=0.20±0.01°K, J2=-0.08?0.02°K and H=4.0±0.2 kOe. These values are fairly consistent with other parameters known for EuS.

S. H. Charap and E. L. Boyd

1964-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

46

Carbon Smackdown: Carbon Capture  

SciTech Connect

In this July 9, 2010 Berkeley Lab summer lecture, Lab scientists Jeff Long of the Materials Sciences and Nancy Brown of the Environmental Energy Technologies Division discuss their efforts to fight climate change by capturing carbon from the flue gas of power plants, as well as directly from the air

Jeffrey Long

2010-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

47

Grid4EU (Smart Grid Project) (Italy) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Grid4EU (Smart Grid Project) (Italy) Grid4EU (Smart Grid Project) (Italy) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Grid4EU Country Italy Coordinates 41.910454°, 12.65625° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.910454,"lon":12.65625,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

48

Ferromagnetic and Paramagnetic Resonance in EuS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ferromagnetic and paramagnetic resonance has been observed in single crystals of EuS. A standard microwave spectrometer, operating near 22 Gc/sec, was used to measure the power absorption at 1.4 and 300°K. The resonance line width, 75 Oe at 1.4°K, was found to be approximately 1200 Oe at room temperature. An upper limit of 30 Oe has been established for the magnitude of the magnetocrystalline anisotropy field, in contrast to the value of - 190 Oe found for EuO. The paramagnetic line width is explained solely on the basis of spin-spin interactions. The anisotropy results are understood in terms of crystal-field perturbations of the magnetic Eu2+ ion.

S. von Molnar and A. W. Lawson

1965-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

49

Optically induced magnetic polarons in EuTe  

SciTech Connect

Direct measurements of the photoinduced magnetization in EuTe, using a two color pump-and-probe technique, are presented. The photoinduced effect was pumped using photons of above-the-bandgap energy, and detected by the Faraday rotation of a probe beam of energy below-the-bandgap. The photoinduced Faraday rotation changes sign, as expected from our model for the optically induced magnetic polaron. The EuTe spin-flop transition at low fields is also detected as a sharp step in the photoinduced Faraday rotation, and its observation provides additional supports for the photoinduced polaron model.

Henriques, A. B.; Galgano, G. D. [Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, Caixa Postal 66318, 05315-970, São Paulo (Brazil); Abramof, E.; Rappl, P. H. O. [LAS - INPE, Av. Dos Astronautas, 1758, 12227-010, São José dos Campos (Brazil)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

50

P-SimonUS_EU-DOE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electrochemical Capacitors for Power Grid Storage Electrochemical Capacitors for Power Grid Storage technology: State of the art and next challenges" Trans-Atlantic Workshop on Storage Technologies for Power Grids Washington, October 19th-20th 2010 Trans-Atlantic Workshop on Storage technologies for Power Grids, October 19th-20th State of the art and next challenges" Patrice Simon Univ. Paul Sabatier, CIRIMAT, UMR 5085, Toulouse - FRANCE simon@chimie.ups-tlse.fr Electrochemical Capacitors performance between capacitors and batteries Electrochemical Capacitors: - high power (10-20 kW/kg) - medium energy density (5 Wh/kg) - time constant about 1 - 5 s Trans-Atlantic Workshop on Storage technologies for Power Grids, October 19th-20th Electrochemical Double Layer Capacitors (EDLCs) 95% of the commercialized cells high surface area carbons as active materials

51

Energy transfer in Eu3+ doped scheelites: use as thermographic phosphor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper the luminescence of the scheelite-based CaGd2(1-x)Eu2x(WO4)4 solid solutions is investigated as a function of the Eu content...

Meert, Katrien W; Morozov, Vladimir A; Abakumov, Artem M; Hadermann, Joke; Poelman, Dirk; Smet, Philippe F

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Reforming the EU: The Future of European Law and Policy IV CONFERENCE PROGRAMME  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reforming the EU: The Future of European Law and Policy IV CONFERENCE session "Reforming the EU" Chair: Dr Luca Rubini, Deputy Director Institute Rubini Reforming European competition law: should the European Commission have

Birmingham, University of

53

Mission Impossible !? On the Harmonization of National Allocation Plans under the EU Emissions Trading Directive  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Starting in 2005, the EU will implement a CO2 emissions trading scheme. We show that the outspoken objectives ... adjustments to the current prescriptions of the EU emissions trading system in order to achieve ha...

Christoph Böhringer; Andreas Lange

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

The EU ETS: CO2 prices drivers during the learning experience (2005-2007)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Union Allowances (EUAs), valid for compliance under the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is to regulate CO2 emissions from the most energy

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

55

ANNUAL TRILATERAL U.S. - EU - JAPAN CONFERENCE ON CRITICAL MATERIALS...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ANNUAL TRILATERAL U.S. - EU - JAPAN CONFERENCE ON CRITICAL MATERIALS FOR A CLEAN ENERGY FUTURE, SEPTEMBER 8-9, 2014 ANNUAL TRILATERAL U.S. - EU - JAPAN CONFERENCE ON CRITICAL...

56

The future role of renewable energy sources in European electricity supply : A model-based analysis for the EU-15.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ambitious targets for the use of renewable electricity (RES-E) have been formulated by the EU Commission and the EU Member States. Taking into account technical,… (more)

Rosen, Johannes

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Transatlantic trade and investment partnership: sectoral and macroeconomic perspectives for Germany, the EU and the US  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The EU and the US have started negotiations on a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership Agreement (TTIP)...

Paul J. J. Welfens; Tony Irawan

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Copyright reform on the EU level European Network for Copyright in support of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a copyright reform on the EU level? Rainer Kuhlen University of Konstanz, HumboldtUniversity Berlin, IPR;Copyright reform on the EU level Extension of IPR in time Extension of IPR to living objects and other objects in nature Extension of IPR to software (still controversial, at least in the EU) Introduction

Kuhlen, Rainer

59

EU BIOFUEL USE AND AGRICULTURAL COMMODITY PRICES: A REVIEW OF THE EVIDENCE BASE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EU BIOFUEL USE AND AGRICULTURAL COMMODITY PRICES: A REVIEW OF THE EVIDENCE BASE Report prepared: Kretschmer, B, Bowyer, C and Buckwell, A (2012) EU Biofuel Use and Agricultural Commodity Prices: A Review............................................................................................................. 8 2 EU POLICY DRIVING BIOFUELS DEMAND AND OUTLOOK FOR THIS DEMAND TO 2020. 9 2.1 What is the current

60

Oxygen off-stoichiometry and phase separation in EuO thin films  

SciTech Connect

We report on our study on the influence of the growth conditions on the europium/oxygen stoichiometry, morphology, magnetic properties, and electrical conductivity of EuO thin films. SQUID magnetometry and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were utilized as complementary techniques to determine the oxygen content of EuO{sub 1{+-}x} thin films grown by molecular beam epitaxy with and without the employment of the so-called Eu distillation process. We found indications for phase separation to occur in Eu-rich as well as in over-oxidized EuO for films grown at substrate temperatures below the Eu distillation temperature. Only a fraction of the excess Eu contributes to the metal-insulator transition in Eu-rich films grown under these conditions. We also observed that the surfaces of these films were ill defined and may even contain more Eu excess than the film average. Only EuO films grown under distillation conditions are guaranteed to have the same magnetic and electrical properties as stoichiometric bulk EuO, and to have surfaces with the proper Eu/O stoichiometry and electronic structure.

Altendorf, S. G.; Efimenko, A.; Oliana, V. [II. Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Str. 77, DE-50937 Koeln (Germany); Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Noethnitzerstr. 40, DE-01187 Dresden (Germany); Kierspel, H. [II. Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Str. 77, DE-50937 Koeln (Germany); Rata, A. D.; Tjeng, L. H. [Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Noethnitzerstr. 40, DE-01187 Dresden (Germany)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airshares eu carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

MERCOSUR-European Union Trade: How Important is EU Trade Liberalisation for MERCOSUR's  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MERCOSUR-European Union Trade: How Important is EU Trade Liberalisation for MERCOSUR's Exports: + 34 - 964 - 72 86 16 1 #12;MERCOSUR-European Union Trade: How Important is EU Trade Liberalisation's exports' growth potential in a liberalised EU market. A sectoral study is considered indispensable since

Krivobokova, Tatyana

62

Sorption of Eu(III) on Attapulgite Studied by Batch, XPS and EXAFS Techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sorption of Eu(III) on Attapulgite Studied by Batch, XPS and EXAFS Techniques Q.H. FAN,, , X.L. TANH, ionic strength and temperature on sorption of Eu(III) on attapulgite were investigated in the presence and absence of fulvic acid (FA) and humic acid (HA). The results indicated that the sorption of Eu

Boyer, Edmond

63

EU STRATEGY AGAINST PROLIFERATION OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EU STRATEGY AGAINST PROLIFERATION OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION At Thessaloniki, the European Council adopted a Declaration on non-proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction. Member States made. The proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery such as ballistic missiles

Sussex, University of

64

Past and Future EU Water Policy from a German Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/271/EEC concerning urban waste-water treatment -> most expensive EEC-directive ever, but also veryPast and Future EU Water Policy from a German Perspective Dr. Fritz Holzwarth #12;Water Protection Community (EEC) with the focus on economic issues (reduction of trade barriers, free movement of goods

Wehrli, Bernhard

65

Investing in the EU Benelux as a Gateway  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

law - Starting points - The Intellectual Property types · Protection (registration) at the national Investing in the EU: Environmental aspects 3 1 · Introduction to Belgian regional environmental law International investment financing and Project finance 3 1 · Introduction: Origin, definition, why choose

Einmahl, Uwe

66

EU Enlargement and industrial relocation within the CEECs Matthieu Crozet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of economic activity in a country. The problematic lies in the context of the EU enlargement process and of its impact on the location of economic activity inside each of the accessing countries. We develop a new economic geography model based on the original Krugman (1991) model, and show that trade

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

67

EU in the Views of Asia-Pacific Elites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: a comparative study (www.europe.canterbury.ac.nz/ appp). Results of the first two stages of the project from the Atlantic Ocean to the Carpathian Mountains, the European Union (EU) is a new "giant political arena, a skilful international negotiator, a power with a `soft' touch, a model for international

Hickman, Mark

68

Carbon Conference  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carbon Conference ... The Fourth Hienninl Conference on Carbon will be held at the University of Buffalo, June 15 to 19. ... The Pittsburgh Section's coal technology group will meet in the conference room at Mellon Institute, Pittsburgh, June ... ...

1959-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Single YVO4:Eu nanoparticle emission spectra using direct Eu3+ ion excitation with a sum-frequency 465-nm solid-state laser  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report emission spectrum measurements on single YxEu1-xVO4 nanoparticles. The inhomogeneous widths of the emission peaks are identical for single...

Nguyên, Thanh-Liêm; Castaing, Marc; Gacoin, Thierry; Boilot, Jean-Pierre; Balembois, François; Georges, Patrick; Alexandrou, Antigoni

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Carbon Cycle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Cycle Carbon Cycle Latest Global Carbon Budget Estimates Including CDIAC Estimates Terrestrial Carbon Management Data Sets and Analyses Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Fossil-Fuel Consumption and Cement Manufacture, (2011) Annual Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions: Mass of Emissions Gridded by One Degree Latitude by One Degree Longitude (2012) Monthly Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions: Mass of Emissions Gridded by One Degree Latitude by One Degree Longitude (2012) Annual Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions: Global Stable Carbon Isotopic Signature (2012) Monthly Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions: Isomass (δ 13C) of Emissions Gridded by One Degree Latitude by One Degree Longitude (2012) AmeriFlux - Terrestrial Carbon Dioxide, Water Vapor, and Energy Balance Measurements Estimates of Monthly CO2 Emissions and Associated 13C/12C Values

71

Carbon Isotopes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Trace Gases » Carbon Isotopes Atmospheric Trace Gases » Carbon Isotopes Carbon Isotopes Gateway Pages to Isotopes Data Modern Records of Carbon and Oxygen Isotopes in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide and Carbon-13 in Methane 800,000 Deuterium Record and Shorter Records of Various Isotopic Species from Ice Cores Carbon-13 13C in CO Measurements from Niwot Ridge, Colorado and Montana de Oro, California (Tyler) 13C in CO2 NOAA/CMDL Flask Network (White and Vaughn) CSIRO GASLAB Flask Network (Allison, Francey, and Krummel) CSIRO in situ measurements at Cape Grim, Tasmania (Francey and Allison) Scripps Institution of Oceanography (Keeling et al.) 13C in CH4 NOAA/CMDL Flask Network (Miller and White) Northern & Southern Hemisphere Sites (Quay and Stutsman) Northern & Southern Hemisphere Sites (Stevens)

72

Metal valence states in Eu0.7NbO3, EuNbO3, and Eu2Nb5O9 by TB-LMTO-ASA band-structure calculations and resonant photoemission spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electronic structures of Eu2Nb5O9, EuNbO3, and Eu0.7NbO3 have been investigated by photoemission and total-yield spectroscopy with synchrotron radiation, and in the case of Eu2Nb5O9 by tight-binding linear muffin-tin orbital (LMTO) band-structure calculations. A central question for reduced europium niobates is that of the valence of Eu and Nb. Both europium and niobium atoms can appear in different valence states so that various electronic configurations in the title compounds are possible. For this reason, the valence band was studied by the resonant Eu 4d?4f technique to determine the Eu valence. The final-state 4f6 multiplet of divalent Eu is dominant in all spectra. Since there are no 4f density of states at the Fermi level, valence fluctuations are not expected. The niobium valence states were investigated by core-level spectroscopy. We found only one 3d5/23d3/2 doublet for the Nb 3d core level in EuNbO3 and Eu0.7NbO3, while in Eu2Nb5O9, two 3d doublets have been observed, corresponding to two chemically distinct niobium atoms in this compound. The 3d5/2 peak in EuNbO3 is assigned to the +4 nominal valence state at a binding energy of 209.7 eV. The doublet of Eu0.7NbO3 is observed at 0.5 eV higher binding energy (at 210.2 eV), which then corresponds to a nominal Nb+4+? chemical state. In Eu2Nb5O9, the valence of Nb in the NbO6 octahedra is less than +5 and in the Nb6O12 clusters is close to +2 as expected. This is in accordance with the LMTO band-structure calculations.

C. Felser; J. Köhler; A. Simon; O. Jepsen; G. Svensson; S. Cramm; W. Eberhardt

1998-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

73

Eu-doped Y2O3 nanosheets and nanotubes  

SciTech Connect

A hydrothermal method was used to synthesize Eu-doped Y2O3 nanosheets and nanotubes. High Resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and synchrotron x-ray diffraction were used to characterize these nanomaterials. The nanosheets were obtained using a slightly lower pH value and they were partly crystalline and partly amorphous. Using a pH value of about 10, fully crystalline nanotubes were obtained. It is anticipated that nanosheets folded themselves to form stable nanotubes.

Sun, Hongtao [Texas Tech University, Lubbock; Chaudhari, Jharna [Texas Tech University, Lubbock; Kenik, Edward A [ORNL; Zhu, H [Texas Tech University, Lubbock; Ma, Y [Texas Tech University, Lubbock

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Pricing mechanisms for offshore wind electricity in EU member states  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of the study was to evaluate the pricing mechanisms for offshore wind electricity in those EU Member States (MS) possessing an important offshore wind resource and, on this basis, to determine the economic scenario faced by potential investors in the sector. The economic and energy policy framework of each MS was reviewed to establish the main factors determining the final price accorded to electricity generated from offshore wind, including feed-in tariffs, green certificates, subsidies, tax incentives and taking into consideration other factors such as costs and obligations related to grid connection and transmission. On the basis of the information collected, an economic analysis was conducted to compare offshore wind electricity prices across the EU, for a 20-year project duration, based on a year 2001 ''snapshot'' for a typical ''first generation'' offshore wind project. The policy review showed a variety of economic frameworks in existence across the EU, with some countries choosing fixed tariff schemes as the primary instrument and others using market-based systems such as green certificates. However, it was clear that several MS are moving away from the system based solely on fixed tariffs to incorporate more market-based schemes. The economic analysis showed that, on the basis of fixed tariffs and assuming uniform investment costs across EU waters, conditions are most favourable in Belgium (proposed legislation) and Germany. It is thought that, in future, market-oriented schemes and predictability tools will play an increasingly important role in determining the economic conditions faced by offshore wind electricity producers. It should be noted that the analyses presented in this paper are based on the economic and legislatory situations in existence at the time of writing, that is, December, 2001.

Geert Palmers; Suzanne Shaw

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Radioactive contamination of SrI2(Eu) crystal scintillator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A strontium iodide crystal doped by europium (SrI2(Eu)) was produced by using the Stockbarger growth technique. The crystal was subjected to characterisation that included relative photoelectron output and energy resolution for gamma quanta. The intrinsic radioactivity of SrI2(Eu) crystal scintillator was tested both in scintillation mode and by using ultra-low background HPGe gamma spectrometry deep underground. The response of the SrI2(Eu) detector to alpha particles (alpha/beta ratio and pulse shape) was estimated by analysing the 226Ra trace contamination internal to the crystal. We have found alpha/beta=0.55 and no difference in scintillation decay for alpha particles and gamma quanta. The application of the obtained results in the search for the double electron capture and electron capture with positron emission in 84Sr has been investigated at a level of sensitivity T_1/2 \\sim 10^15-10^16 yr. The results of these studies demonstrate the potentiality of this material for a variety of scintillation appli...

Belli, P; Cerulli, R; Danevich, F A; Galenin, E; Gektin, A; Incicchitti, A; Isaienko, V; Kobychev, V V; Laubenstein, M; Nagorny, S S; Podviyanuk, R B; Tkachenko, S; Tretyak, V I

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Toward Low Carbon and Climate Change Resilient Territories | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Toward Low Carbon and Climate Change Resilient Territories Toward Low Carbon and Climate Change Resilient Territories Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Toward Low Carbon and Climate Change Resilient Territories Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Environment Programme Topics: Low emission development planning, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual, Training materials Website: www.undp.org/eu/documents/UNDP_low_carbon_regions_paper.pdf References: Toward Low Carbon and Climate Change Resilient Territories [1] Introduction "Climate change is today an undeniable reality, and the developing countries which have contributed the least to green house gas emissions will be the most vulnerable to its impacts. The 2007/2008 UNDP Human

77

Carbon Nanotubes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Carbon nanotubes have extraordinary mechanical, electrical, thermal andoptical properties. They are harder than diamond yet exible, have betterelectrical conductor than copper, but can also… (more)

Fredriksson, Tore

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

EU,EU, EnergyEnergy, and Global, and Global ClimateClimate ChangeChange Kirsten Halsns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

% in 2005 to 3018% in 2005 to 30 ­­ 35% by 2030 (at carbon price price at fuel share of electricity generation without CCS drops toFossil fuel share carbon price price

79

Capturing carbon | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Capturing carbon Capturing carbon New technology enables molecular-level insight into carbon sequestration Carbon sequestration is a potential solution for reducing greenhouse...

80

Eu{sub 3}F{sub 4}S{sub 2}: Synthesis, crystal structure, and magnetic properties of the mixed-valent europium(II,III) fluoride sulfide EuF{sub 2}.(EuFS){sub 2}  

SciTech Connect

Using the method to synthesize rare-earth metal(III) fluoride sulfides MFS (M=Y, La, Ce-Lu), in some cases we were able to obtain mixed-valent compounds such as Yb{sub 3}F{sub 4}S{sub 2} instead. With Eu{sub 3}F{sub 4}S{sub 2} another isotypic representative has now been synthesized. Eu{sub 3}F{sub 4}S{sub 2} (tetragonal, I4/mmm, a=400.34(2), c=1928.17(9) pm, Z=2) is obtained from the reaction of metallic europium, elemental sulfur, and europium trifluoride in a molar ratio of 5:6:4 within seven days at 850 deg. C in silica-jacketed gas-tightly sealed platinum ampoules. The single-phase product consists of black plate-shaped single crystals with a square cross section, which can be obtained from a flux using equimolar amounts of NaCl as fluxing agent. The crystal structure is best described as an intergrowth structure, in which one layer of CaF{sub 2}-type EuF{sub 2} is followed by two layers of PbFCl-type EuFS when sheeted parallel to the (001) plane. Accordingly there are two chemically and crystallographically different europium cations present. One of them (Eu{sup 2+}) is coordinated by eight fluoride anions in a cubic fashion, the other one (Eu{sup 3+}) exhibits a monocapped square antiprismatic coordination sphere with four F{sup -} and five S{sup 2-} anions. Although the structural ordering of the different charged europium cations is plausible, a certain amount of charge delocalization with some polaron activity has to take place, which is suggested by the black color of the title compound. Temperature dependent magnetic susceptibility measurements of Eu{sub 3}F{sub 4}S{sub 2} show Curie-Weiss behavior with an experimental magnetic moment of 8.19(5) mu{sub B} per formula unit and a paramagnetic Curie temperature of 0.3(2) K. No magnetic ordering is observed down to 4.2 K. In accordance with an ionic formula splitting like (Eu{sup II})(Eu{sup III}){sub 2}F{sub 4}S{sub 2} only one third of the europium centers in Eu{sub 3}F{sub 4}S{sub 2} carry permanent magnetic moments. {sup 151}Eu-Moessbauer spectroscopic experiments at 4.2 K show one signal at an isomer shift of -12.4(1) mm/s and a second one at 0.42(4) mm/s. These signals occur in a ratio of 1:2 and correspond to Eu{sup 2+} and Eu{sup 3+}, respectively. The spectra at 78 and 298 K are similar, thus no change in the Eu{sup 2+}/Eu{sup 3+} fraction can be detected. - Graphical abstract: Crystal structure and {sup 151}Eu-Moessbauer spectra of mixed-valent Eu{sub 3}F{sub 4}S{sub 2}.

Grossholz, Hagen; Hartenbach, Ingo [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie, Universitaet Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 55, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Kotzyba, Gunter [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstrasse 30, 48149 Muenster (Germany); Poettgen, Rainer, E-mail: pottgen@uni-muenster.d [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstrasse 30, 48149 Muenster (Germany); Trill, Henning; Mosel, Bernd D. [Institut fuer Physikalische Chemie, Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstrasse 30, 48149 Muenster (Germany); Schleid, Thomas, E-mail: schleid@iac.uni-stuttgart.d [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie, Universitaet Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 55, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airshares eu carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Argentina-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Argentina-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Argentina-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Argentina-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Secretariat of Environment and Sustainable Development (SESD), Secretariat of Industry Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, - Industrial Processes

82

Costa Rica-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program Costa Rica-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa Rica-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, -TNA, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment

83

Privilegierte europäische Nachbarschaft mit der Ukraine als Instrument der externalisierten EU-Grenz- und Migrationspolitik.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Diese Arbeit untersucht die externalisierte EU-Grenz- und Migrationspolitik in der Ukraine. In diesem Rahmen wird in einem ersten Teil versucht einen Überblick über internationale Migration… (more)

Diedrich, Sabrina

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Influence of Eu doping on the microstructure and photoluminescence of CdS nanocrystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The CdS:Eu nanocrystals with a strong white emission have been synthesized by solvothemal method using ethylene glycol as solvents. From X-ray diffraction (XRD) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) analysis it was observed that the average diameter of the CdS:Eu nanocrystals is about 5 nm. The traces of groups adsorbed on CdS:Eu nanocrystals were confirmed via FT-IR spectra. UV–visible spectroscopy study was carried out to determine the band gap of the nanocrystals and the absorbance peaks showed blue shift with respect to the bulk CdS. From photoluminescence (PL) studies at ?ex = 398 nm, the PL emission intensity of CdS:Eu nanocrystals enhanced by doping Eu3+ ions. In addition, the synthesis parameters including the concentration of doped Eu3+ ions, the reaction time, and the reaction temperature have influence on the optical properties of CdS:Eu nanocrystals. The charge compensation agent is a decisive factor for PL emission intensity of CdS:Eu nanocrystals. Furthermore, the storage time and condition on the fluorescence of CdS:Eu nanocrystals were also investigated.

Kexin Zhang; Yaxin Yu; Shuqing Sun

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Economic and social rights within EU-Russia relations: a missed opportunity?.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In recent years the EU’s strategy towards promoting human rights in Russia has been the focus of considerable internal and external attention, much of it… (more)

Bindman, Eleanor Frances

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Optical and structural stability of blue SrO:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor  

SciTech Connect

Chemical stability of 6-coodinated SrO is a fundamental problem when this is used for various applications. In this study, optical and chemical stabilities of 8-coordinated SrO:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor were investigated. SrO:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor was synthesized from thermal treatment of SrO:Eu powder located on a single crystalline MgO at 1500° C under reduction atmosphere. Obtained 8-coordinated SrO:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor exhibit strong blue luminescence and chemical stability in distilled water for 3 days. Our findings prove that obtained 8-coordinated SrO:Eu{sup 2+} possesses relative optical and chemical stabilities in water. - Graphical abstract: Obtained 8-coordinated SrO:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor exhibit strong blue luminescence in distilled water. Highlights: • We investigated optical and chemical stabilities of 8-coordinated SrO:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor in water. • Obtained 8-coordinated SrO:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor exhibit strong blue luminescence and chemical stability in distilled water for 3 days. • We found that the 8-coodrodinated SrO crystal structure changed to SrCO{sub 3} crystal structure after the 5 days immersion. • The obtained SrO:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor possesses high chemical stability under water, compared with commercial (6-coordinated) SrO.

Komatsu, Keiji, E-mail: Keiji_Komatsu@mst.nagaokaut.ac.jp [Department of Material Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan); Nakamura, Atsushi [Department of Material Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan); Chubu Chelest Co. Ltd., 3-3-3 Hinagahigashi, Yokkaichi, Mie 510-0886 (Japan); Ohshio, Shigeo; Toda, Ikumi; Muramatsu, Hiroyuki; Saitoh, Hidetoshi [Department of Material Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

87

E-Print Network 3.0 - augu eu degvielu Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

doluptat... num dolortinit dolor sum nullaoreet vel dolobore dolore eugue vullan vullan eui blan velessit eu Source: MacMillan, Andrew - Department of Biochemistry, University of...

88

Sorption of Eu(III) on Attapulgite Studied by Batch, XPS and EXAFS Techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effects of pH, ionic strength and temperature on sorption of Eu(III) on attapulgite were investigated in the presence and absence of fulvic acid (FA) and humic acid (HA). The results indicated that the sorption of Eu(III) on attapulgite was strongly dependent on pH and ionic strength, and independent of temperature. In the presence of FA/HA, Eu(III) sorption was enhanced at pH 7. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis suggested that the sorption of Eu(III) might be expressed as ?X3Eu0 ?SwOHEu3+ and ?SOEu-OOC-/HA in the ternary Eu/HA/attapulgite system. The extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analysis of Eu-HA complexes indicated that the distances of d(Eu-O) decreased from 2.451 to 2.360 {\\AA} with increasing pH from 1.76 to 9.50, whereas the coordination number (N) decreased from ~9.94 to ~8.56. Different complexation species were also found for the different addition sequences of HA and Eu(III) to attapulgite suspension. The results are important to understand the influence of...

Fan, Q H; Li, J X; Wang, X K; Wu, W S; Montavon, Gilles

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Carbon Sequestration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

David a. Lang David a. Lang Project Manager National Energy Technology Laboratory 626 Cochrans Mill Road P.O. Box 10940 Pittsburgh, PA 15236 412-386-4881 david.lang@netl.doe.gov andrew chizmeshya Arizona State University Center for Solid State Science Tempe, AZ 85287-1704 480-965-6072 chizmesh@asu.edu A Novel ApproAch to MiNerAl cArboNAtioN: eNhANciNg cArboNAtioN While AvoidiNg MiNerAl pretreAtMeNt process cost Background Carbonation of the widely occurring minerals of the olivine group, such as forsterite (Mg 2 SiO 4 ), is a potential large-scale sequestration process that converts CO 2 into the environmentally benign mineral magnesite (MgCO 3 ). Because the process is exothermic, it inherently offers low-cost potential. Enhancing carbonation reactivity is the key to economic viability. Previous

90

Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A broad review of the structure and properties of carbon nanotubes is presented. Particular emphasis is given to ... dimensional density of states predicted for single-wall nanotubes of small diameter. The eviden...

M. S. Dresselhaus; G. Dresselhaus…

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Carbon Fiber  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Lee McGetrick leads ORNL's effort to produce light, durable carbon fiber at lower cost -- a key to improvements in manufacturing that will produce more fuel-efficient vehicles and other advances.

McGetrick, Lee

2014-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

92

Carbon Fiber  

SciTech Connect

Lee McGetrick leads ORNL's effort to produce light, durable carbon fiber at lower cost -- a key to improvements in manufacturing that will produce more fuel-efficient vehicles and other advances.

McGetrick, Lee

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

93

ASTRONOMY TO INSPIRE AND EDUCATE YOUNG CHILDREN EU-UNAWE Lorentz Center Workshop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ASTRONOMY TO INSPIRE AND EDUCATE YOUNG CHILDREN EU-UNAWE Lorentz Center Workshop Official Opening. Mitchell, MEP, Chair, EU Parliamentary Committee on Development Astronomy Research and Education in South Committee for Education, Culture and Science Video messages (5 min) Astronomy and Space collaborations

Galis, Frietson

94

Call for expression of interest EU-Brazil Technology and Innovation Forum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Brazilian SMEs, Technological Parks and other innovation actors for cooperation with Europe (Tour of BrazilCall for expression of interest EU-Brazil Technology and Innovation Forum Participation to B2B targeting research and innovation actors. Among them, this year the EU-Brazil Technology and Innovation

95

An EIE/Altener project Co-funded by the EU Commission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Biogas for Electricity and Heat Production in EU countries. Economic and Environmental Benefits of Biogas is to assess the economic, environmental and energy aspects of the biogas production by centralised co-digestion in selected areas of six EU countries, which have been slow to implement biogas technology. The assessment

96

Re-dispersible Li+ and Eu3+ co-doped CdS nanoparticles: Luminescence studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Re-dispersible CdS, 5 at.% Eu3+-doped CdS, 2 at.% Li+ and 5 at.% Eu3+ co-doped CdS nanoparticles in organic solvent are prepared by ... at a low temperature of 170°C. CdS nanoparticles have spherical shape with a...

N. S. Gajbhiye; Raghumani Singh Ningthoujam; Asar Ahmed; D. K. Panda…

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Political and Economic Integration in the EU: The Case of Failed Tax Harmonization*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Political and Economic Integration in the EU: The Case of Failed Tax Harmonization* FABIO. That there was only a limited transfer of tax authority to the EU exemplifies the failure of political and fiscal integration. Using a political economy framework, this article analyzes why the heads of state rejected tax

Wolfe, Patrick J.

98

STYRIAN ACADEMY for Sustainable Energies | http://styrianacademy.eu Graz University of Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STYRIAN ACADEMY for Sustainable Energies | http://styrianacademy.eu Graz University of Technology sustainable energy systems. The STYRIAN ACADEMY taps into the know how of top-class scientists and entrepreneurs from the European Sustainable Energy Innovation Alliance (eseia) (www.eseia.eu). The 2011 STYRIAN

99

Sourcing seafood for the three major markets: The EU, Japan and the USA Wilf Swartz n  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sourcing seafood for the three major markets: The EU, Japan and the USA Wilf Swartz n , U. Rashid Accepted 27 June 2010 Keywords: Seafood consumption Global fisheries International trade Sustainability a b's major seafood markets (the EU, Japan and the USA) using a series of global maps indicating the likely

Pauly, Daniel

100

Selective separation of Eu{sup 3+} using polymer-enhanced ultrafiltration  

SciTech Connect

A process to selectively remove {sup 241}Am from liquid radioactive waste was investigated as an actinide separation method applicable to Hanford and other waste sites. The experimental procedures involved removal of Eu, a nonradioactive surrogate for Am, from aqueous solutions at pH 5 using organic polymers in conjunction with ultrafiltration. Commercially available polyacrylic acid (60,000 MW) and Pacific Northwest Laboratory`s (PNL) synthesized E3 copolymer ({approximately}10,000 MW) were tested. Test solutions containing 10 {mu}g/mL of Eu were dosed vath each polymer at various concentrations in order to bind Eu (i.e., by complexation and/or cation exchange) for subsequent rejection by an ultrafiltration coupon. Test solutions were filtered with and without polymer to determine if enhanced Eu separation could be achieved from polymer treatment. Both polymers significantly increased Eu removal. Optimum concentrations were 20 {mu}g/mL of polyacrylic acid and 100 {mu}g/mL of E3 for 100% Eu rejection by the Amicon PM10 membrane at 55 psi. In addition to enhancement of removal, the polymers selectively bound Eu over Na, suggesting that selective separation of Eu was possible. This suggests that polymer-enhanced ultrafiltration is a potential process for separation of {sup 241}Am from Hanford tank waste, further investigation of binding agents and membranes effective under very alkaline and high ionic strength is warranted. This process also has potential applications for selective separation of toxic metals from industrial process streams.

Norton, M.V.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airshares eu carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Cross Border Trading and Borrowing in the EU ETS A. Denny Ellerman* and Raphael Trotignon**  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

multi- national trading system, the European Union's CO2 Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) provides** This paper exploits a little used data resource within the central registry of the European Union's Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) to analyze cross border trading and inter-year borrowing during the first trading

102

-News Home Help EU to go it alone on nuclear project, if no deal with Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-News Home Help EU to go it alone on nuclear project, if no deal with Japan 1 hour, 30 minutes ago of a pioneering nuclear energy project in France if talks with Japan, which also wants to host the facility, fail by the EU commission, which is holding talks with the five other partners in the project -- China, Japan

103

Understanding the link between aggregated industrial production and the carbon price  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Introduction The EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is arguably the flagship of Europe's climate policy

Boyer, Edmond

104

Annex A -Potential threats in EU Organism(s) Means of spread Control measures Control approaches being used in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Annex A - Potential threats in EU Organism(s) Means of spread Control measures Control approaches options Potential threats in EU keep out, knowledge of trade routes, awareness on nurseries, foresters

105

Low Carbon Fuel Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gas, or even coal with carbon capture and sequestration. Afuels that facilitate carbon capture and sequestration. Forenergy and could capture and sequester carbon emissions.

Sperling, Dan; Yeh, Sonia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

The Role of Domestic Factors in the Formation of Trade Unions: A Look at Turkey/EU Relations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

studied Turkey and the European Union (EU). Turkey was officially admitted as a candidate country to the EU in 1997. Despite efforts to meet EU demands, Turkey’s admittance has been blocked. As recently as 2007 Turkey was denied membership, while...

Youngblood, Kristina Lynne

2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

107

EcoGrid EU (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Smart Grid Project) (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EcoGrid EU Country Denmark Headquarters Location Bornholm, Denmark Coordinates 55.160427°, 14.866884° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":55.160427,"lon":14.866884,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

108

EU in the struggle for global governance: geopolitical ethics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article argues in favour of a coherent and active European Union foreign policy based on the idea of 'geopolitical ethics'. In the first part of the article, the situation of the international system since 1990 is outlined. It seems that after the financial crisis of 2008 the world has lost its global governor - the USA - and thus plunged into a non-polar structure. The second part of the article will present the concept of 'geopolitical ethics'. Namely, analogical to the personalistic 'ethics of responsibility', in which an individual is the primary focus, 'geopolitical ethics' considers the nation as the constituent unit in the international system. In the final section, two case studies, both involving the internal (policy making) and external (policy implementation) dimensions of the EU's grand strategy - 'geopolitical ethics', are presented.

Igor Kovač

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Russia's perceptions and misperceptions of the EU Eastern Partnership  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This article is devoted to the problem of the reaction to the Eastern Partnership by Russia's both the political establishment and the expert community. The question of reactions to the Eastern Partnership in the target countries has been extensively posed in academic literature. However, the question of Russia's reaction to the Eastern Partnership, one of the most important actors of the region, has been rarely raised by the academic community. A wide array of factors impacted Russian elites' perception of the Eastern Partnership – from problematic issues in the EU-Russia relations to the post-Soviet states' political and economic transformation. Studying the dynamics and peculiarities of Russia's perspective on the Eastern Partnership makes it possible to draw meaningful conclusions on the nature of Russia's phobias that fuel its domestic and foreign policy.

Igor Gretskiy; Evgeny Treshchenkov; Konstantin Golubev

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Limited Sectoral Trading between the EU ETS and China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the negotiations of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), new market mechanisms are proposed to involve Non-Annex I countries in the carbon markets developed by Annex I countries, beyond ...

Gavard, Claire

2013-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

111

Delayed carbon sequestration and rising carbon prices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We set out a dynamic model to investigate optimal time paths of emissions, carbon stocks and carbon sequestration by land conversion, allowing for non-instantaneous carbon sequestration. Previous research in a dy...

Alejandro Caparrós

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Assessment of sustainable development in the EU 27 using aggregated SD index  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the European Union the sustainable development is a fundamental and overarchingobjective enshrined in the Treaty and measuring progress towards sustainable development is an integral part of the EU Sustainable Development Strategy. Eurostat produce a monitoring report every two years based on the EU set of sustainable development indicators (SDIs). The main objective of this paper is to create an aggregated index of the sustainable development from EU set of \\{SDIs\\} for each 27 EU country based on the PCA. The headline indicator economic growth was not involved because its increase is not expressly followed by positive change in other \\{SDIs\\} from social, economic and environmental fields. The aggregated SD index enables to get an overall picture about the position of each of the 27 EU countries and its development in terms of the sustainability over time as assumed in the EU Sustainable Development Strategy. Sweden, Denmark, Netherland, and Great Britain have repeatedly reached the highest value of aggregated SD index. The highest positive change in the aggregated SD index has occurred in countries with the lowest value of aggregated SD index. Moreover, we put this new aggregated index in relation with economic growth and found that there is a negative correlation between aggregated SD index and the economic growth for most of the 27 EU countries.

Paula Bolcárová; Stanislav Kološta

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Itinerant and local-moment magnetism in EuCr2As2 single crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on the crystal structure, physical properties, and electronic structure calculations for the ternary pnictide compound EuCr2As2. X-ray diffraction studies confirmed that EuCr2As2 crystalizes in the ThCr2Si2-type tetragonal structure (space group I4/mmm). The Eu ions are in a stable divalent state in this compound. Eu moments in EuCr2As2 order magnetically below Tm = 21 K. A sharp increase in the magnetic susceptibility below Tm and the positive value of the paramagnetic Curie temperature obtained from the Curie-Weiss fit suggest dominant ferromagnetic interactions. The heat capacity exhibits a sharp ?-shape anomaly at Tm, confirming the bulk nature of the magnetic transition. The extracted magnetic entropy at the magnetic transition temperature is consistent with the theoretical value Rln(2S+1) for S=7/2 of the Eu2+ ion. The temperature dependence of the electrical resistivity ?(T) shows metallic behavior along with an anomaly at 21 K. In addition, we observe a reasonably large negative magnetoresistance (??24%) at lower temperature. Electronic structure calculations for EuCr2As2 reveal a moderately high density of states of Cr-3d orbitals at the Fermi energy, indicating that the nonmagnetic state of Cr is unstable against magnetic order. Our density functional calculations for EuCr2As2 predict a G-type AFM order in the Cr sublattice. The electronic structure calculations suggest a weak interlayer coupling of the Eu moments.

U. B. Paramanik; R. Prasad; C. Geibel; Z. Hossain

2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

114

Carbon Additionality: Discussion Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ahead, and identifying the carbon pools and other green house gas emissions sources and savings coveredCarbon Additionality: A review Discussion Paper Gregory Valatin November 2009 Forest Research. Voluntary Carbon Standards American Carbon Registry Forest Carbon Project Standard (ACRFCPS) 27 Carbon

115

Phase diagram of EuI{sub 2}-KI binary system  

SciTech Connect

The phase diagram of the EuI{sub 2}-KI binary system was studied by differential thermal analysis (DTA) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD). The phase diagram of the EuI{sub 2}-KI system shows the existence of one congruently melting compound, KEu{sub 2}I{sub 5}, and one incongruently melting compound, K{sub 4}EuI{sub 6}. There are two eutectic points located at 465 C, 20 mol% KI and 439 C, 60 mol% KI, respectively.

Sun, Y. [Beijing Normal Univ. (China). Dept. of Chemistry] [Beijing Normal Univ. (China). Dept. of Chemistry; [Univ. of Science and Technology, Beijing (China). Dept. of Physical Chemistry; Wang, S.; Wang, M. [Beijing Normal Univ. (China). Dept. of Chemistry] [Beijing Normal Univ. (China). Dept. of Chemistry; Qiao, Z. [Univ. of Science and Technology, Beijing (China). Dept. of Physical Chemistry] [Univ. of Science and Technology, Beijing (China). Dept. of Physical Chemistry

1998-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

116

Carbon Sequestration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technology Technology Laboratory 626 Cochrans Mill Road P.O. Box 10940 Pittsburgh, PA 15236-0940 412-386-4966 jose.figueroa@netl.doe.gov Kevin o'Brien Principal Investigator SRI International Materials Research Laboratory 333 Ravenswood Avenue Menlo Park, AK 94025 650-859-3528 kevin.obrien@sri.com Fabrication and Scale-Up oF polybenzimidazole - baSed membrane SyStem For pre - combUStion captUre oF carbon dioxide Background In order to effectively sequester carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) from a gasification plant, there must be an economically viable method for removing the CO 2 from other gases. While CO 2 separation technologies currently exist, their effectiveness is limited. Amine-based separation technologies work only at low temperatures, while pressure-swing absorption and cryogenic distillation consume significantly

117

Carbon Sequestration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

andrea Mcnemar andrea Mcnemar National Energy Technology Laboratory 3610 Collins Ferry Road P.O. Box 880 Morgantown, WV 26507-0880 304-285-2024 andrea.mcnemar@netl.doe.gov Gregory J. Elbring Principal Investigator Sandia National Laboratory P.O. Box 5800 Albuquerque, NM 87185 505-844-4904 gjelbri@sandia.gov GeoloGic SequeStration of carbon DioxiDe in a DepleteD oil reServoir: a comprehenSive moDelinG anD Site monitorinG project Background The use of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) to enhance oil recovery (EOR) is a familiar and frequently used technique in the United States. The oil and gas industry has significant experience with well drilling and injecting CO 2 into oil-bearing formations to enhance production. While using similar techniques as in oil production, this sequestration field

118

Carbon Trading, Carbon Taxes and Social Discounting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon Trading, Carbon Taxes and Social Discounting Elisa Belfiori belf0018@umn.edu University of Minnesota Abstract This paper considers the optimal design of policies to carbon emissions in an economy, such as price or quantity controls on the net emissions of carbon, are insufficient to achieve the social

Weiblen, George D

119

Site and local structure of activator Eu{sup 2+} in phosphor Ca{sub 10?x}(PO{sub 4}){sub 6}Cl{sub 2}:xEu{sup 2+}  

SciTech Connect

The site and local structure of activator Eu{sup 2+} in phosphor Ca{sub 10?x}(PO{sub 4}){sub 6}Cl{sub 2}:xEu{sup 2+} is investigated by experiment measurements, first-principle calculations and XAFS simulations. From first-principle calculations, the “local” structure [bond length L(M–O)?R(M{sup 2+})+R(O{sup 2?})] of host shows a significant deformation (expansion) when Ca{sup 2+} is substituted by Eu{sup 2+}, and Eu{sup 2+} should prefer 6h site to 4f site in the host. The d?f emission of Eu{sup 2+} at 4f site should show a longer wavelength than that of Eu{sup 2+} at 6h site. The XAFS measurement and simulations suggest that the Eu{sup 2+} in our Ca{sub 9.9}(PO{sub 4}){sub 6}Cl{sub 2}:0.1Eu{sup 2+} sample mainly locates at 6h site. In the emission spectrum, two emission profiles of Ca{sub 9.9}(PO{sub 4}){sub 6}Cl{sub 2}:0.1Eu{sup 2+} sample are obtained and assigned. The major one (2.71 eV?456 nm) should be the emission of Eu{sup 2+} at 6h site. The minor one (2.61 eV?465 nm) should be that of Eu{sup 2+} at 4f site. - Graphical abstract: The d?f emission of Eu{sup 2+} in Ca{sub 9.9}(PO{sub 4}){sub 6}Cl{sub 2}:0.1Eu{sup 2+} can be assigned as: emission profile at 2.71 eV and 2.61 eV are Eu{sup 2+} at 6h and 4f site, respectively. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Eu{sup 2+} in Ca{sub 10?x}(PO{sub 4}){sub 6}Cl{sub 2}:xEu{sup 2+} causes deformation to “local” structure. • Eu{sup 2+} should prefer 6h site to 4f site in the host from energy aspect. • Emission at 2.71 eV and 2.61 eV should be Eu{sup 2+} at 6h and 4f site.

Wang, Chun-Hai, E-mail: chwang81@gmail.com [National Key Laboratory of Shock Wave and Detonation Physics, Institute of Fluid Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China); Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Gui, Dong-Yun; Qin, Rui [National Key Laboratory of Shock Wave and Detonation Physics, Institute of Fluid Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China); Yang, Feng-Li [Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Jing, Xi-Ping, E-mail: xpjing@pku.edu.cn [Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Tian, Guang-Shan [School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Zhu, Wenjun [National Key Laboratory of Shock Wave and Detonation Physics, Institute of Fluid Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

120

Bhutan-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bhutan-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Bhutan-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Bhutan-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airshares eu carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Tanzania-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tanzania-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Tanzania-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Tanzania-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

122

Vietnam-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Vietnam-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

123

Chile-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Chile-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Chile-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Chile-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

124

U.S. and EU Unite to Strengthen Economic Integration and Boost Jobs, Growth  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EU Unite to Strengthen Economic Integration and Boost EU Unite to Strengthen Economic Integration and Boost Jobs, Growth and Competitiveness U.S. and EU Unite to Strengthen Economic Integration and Boost Jobs, Growth and Competitiveness November 9, 2006 - 9:25am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Today, the Bush Administration hosted the second informal U.S.-EU economic ministerial meeting to discuss transatlantic economic integration and shared economic challenges. Commerce Secretary Carlos M. Gutierrez and Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman met with European Union Commission Vice President Günter Verheugen and Finnish Minister for Trade and Industry Mauri Pekkarinen to review joint progress in the most significant areas of the transatlantic economy, including innovation, intellectual property rights (IPR), regulatory cooperation, and energy

125

Philippines-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Philippines-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Philippines-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Philippines-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

126

EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) (Redirected from UNDP/EC-China-Climate Change Capacity Building Program) Jump to: navigation, search Name EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

127

Democratic Republic of Congo-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Democratic Republic of Congo-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Democratic Republic of Congo-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Democratic Republic of Congo-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, -TNA, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment

128

Ecuador-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecuador-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Ecuador-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Ecuador-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

129

Egypt-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Egypt-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Egypt-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Egypt-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

130

Colombia-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Colombia-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Colombia-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Colombia-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

131

Trinidad and Tobago-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trinidad and Tobago-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme Trinidad and Tobago-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Trinidad and Tobago-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

132

Microsoft Word - EU-US Smart Grid assessment - final report -online version.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

JRC 73070 JRC 73070 EUR 25522 EN Assessing Smart Grid Benefits and Impacts: EU and U.S. Initiatives Joint Report EC JRC - US DOE Vincenzo Giordano Steven Bossart European Commission US Department of Energy-DOE Joint Research Centre (JRC) Office of Electricity and Energy Reliability Institute for Energy and Transport 2012 2 European Commission Joint Research Centre (JRC) Institute for Energy and Transport (IET) Contact information Gianluca Fulli Address: Joint Research Centre, Westerduinweg 3, NL-1755 LE Petten E-mail: gianluca. fulli@ec.europa.eu Tel.: +00312245266 http://iet.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ http://www.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ Steven Bossart Address: US Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory,

133

Uganda-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Uganda-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Uganda-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Uganda-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

134

Moldova-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Moldova-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Moldova-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Moldova-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

135

Thailand-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Thailand-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

136

Mexico-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Mexico-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Mexico-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

137

Peru-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Peru-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Peru-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Peru-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

138

Brussels, 29 April 2005 EU-JAPAN Summit -2 May 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Luxembourg on 2 May 2005. Alongside European Commission President José Manuel Durão Barroso and European. President Barroso said: "I am looking forward to my first Summit meeting with Prime Minister Koizumi. EU

139

Options introduction and volatility in the EU ETS1 Julien Chevallier 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS), the European Climate Exchange (ECX) has introduced option the introduction of options has increased or decreased volatility in the European Union Emissions Trading Sc

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

140

Fuel switching in the electricity sector under the EU ETS: Review and prospective  

SciTech Connect

The European Union has implemented the European Union emission trading scheme (EU ETS) as an instrument to facilitate greenhouse gas (GHG) emission abatement stipulated in the Kyoto protocol. Empirical data show that in the early stages of the EU ETS, the value of a ton of CO{sub 2} has already led to emission abatement through switching from coal to gas in the European electric power sector. In the second part of this paper, an electricity generation simulation model is used to perform simulations on the switching behavior in both the first and the second trading periods of the EU ETS. In 2005, the reduction in GHG emissions in the electric power sector due to EU ETS is estimated close to 88 Mton. For the second trading period, a European Union allowance (EUA) price dependent GHG reduction curve has been determined. The obtained switching potential turns out to be significant, up to 300 Mton/year, at sufficiently high EUA prices.

Delarue, E.; Voorspools, K.; D'haeseleer, W. [Katholieke University of Leuven, Heverlee (Belgium)

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airshares eu carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

CO2 Abatement in the UK Power Sector: Evidence from the EU ETS Trial Period  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper provides an empirical assessment of CO2 emissions abatement in the UK power sector during the trial period of the EU ETS. Using an econometrically estimated model of fuel switching, it separates the impacts of ...

Ellerman, A. Denny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Solar Thermal Energy Use in EU-27 Countries: Evolution and Promotion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Growth in the use of renewable energies in the 27 European Union (EU-27 ... past decade has been remarkable. Among these energies is solar thermal energy (STE). The average annual growth rate ... has reached almo...

María P. del Pablo-Romero; Antonio Sánchez-Braza; Enrique Lerma

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Nuclear-quadrupole optical hole burning in the stoichiometric material EuP5O14  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hole burning, which is attributed to optical pumping of nuclear-quadrupole levels, has been observed in the stoichiometric rare-earth compound, EuP5O14. The long...

Macfarlane, R M; Genack, A Z; Weitz, D A; Shelby, R M

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Malaysia-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Malaysia-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Malaysia-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Malaysia-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

145

Zambia-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zambia-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Zambia-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Zambia-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

146

Morocco-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Morocco-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Morocco-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Morocco-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

147

Kenya-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Kenya-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

148

Investigation of metal binding sites on soil fulvic acid using Eu(III) luminescence spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

The [sup 7]F[sub 0] [yields] [sup 5]D[sub 0] excitation spectra of Eu(III) complexed with soil fulvic acid (FA) were acquired over a range of solution pH (2.9-7.8) and FA concentrations (800-3200 mg L[sup [minus]1]) using a pulsed tunable dye laser system. The broad asymmetric excitation spectra were well-fitted to a sum of two conventional Lorentzian-shaped curves, revealing the existence of two types of carboxylate moieties for the binding of metal ions on FA which formed 1:1 (EuL[sup 2+]; L = carboxylate) and 1:2 complexes (EuL[sub 2][sup +]). The weaker binding species, EuL[sup 2+], seemed to be quite abundant and showed a rapid increase as the pH was raised from 2.9 to 6.3, but it was susceptible to hydrolysis at pH higher than 7 while the stronger binding species, EuL[sub 2][sup +], showed only a modest growth with an increase in pH. By contrast, on a more flexible synthetic linear polymer, poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) and poly(vinylbenzoic acid) (PVBA) as model polymers, EuL[sub 2][sup +] was seen as the dominant species except in acidic media. 28 refs., 10 figs., 3 tabs.

Yoon, T.H.; Moon, H. (Korea Advanced Inst. of Science and Technology, Taejun (Korea, Democratic People's Republic of)); Park, Y.J.; Park, K.K. (Korea Atomic Energy Research Inst., Taejun (Korea, Democratic People's Republic of))

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Carbon Fiber Consortium | Partnerships | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Fiber Consortium SHARE Carbon Fiber Consortium Oak Ridge Carbon Fiber Composites Consortium The Oak Ridge Carbon Fiber Composites Consortium was established in 2011 to...

150

Carbon Sequestration Project Portfolio  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home > Technologies > Carbon Storage > Reference Shelf > Project Portfolio Home > Technologies > Carbon Storage > Reference Shelf > Project Portfolio Carbon Storage 2011 Carbon Storage Project Portfolio Table of Contents CARBON STORAGE OVERVIEW Carbon Storage Program Contacts [PDF-26KB] Carbon Storage Projects National Map [PDF-169KB] State Projects Summary Table [PDF-39KB] Carbon Storage Program Structure [PDF-181KB] Selected Carbon Sequestration Program Papers and Publications The U.S. Department of Energy's R&D Program to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions Through Beneficial Uses of Carbon Dioxide (2011) [PDF-3.3MB] Greenhouse Gas Science and Technology Carbon Capture and Sequestration: The U.S. Department of Energy's R&D Efforts to Characterize Opportunities for Deep Geologic Storage of Carbon Dioxide in Offshore Resources (2011) [PDF-445KB]

151

CALIFORNIA CARBON SEQUESTRATION THROUGH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CARBON SEQUESTRATION THROUGH CHANGES IN LAND USE IN WASHINGTON. Carbon Sequestration Through Changes in Land Use in Washington: Costs and Opportunities. California for Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration in Oregon. Report to Winrock International. #12;ii #12;iii Preface

152

Method of making carbon-carbon composites  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for making 2D and 3D carbon-carbon composites having a combined high crystallinity, high strength, high modulus and high thermal and electrical conductivity. High-modulus/high-strength mesophase derived carbon fibers are woven into a suitable cloth. Layers of this easily graphitizible woven cloth are infiltrated with carbon material to form green composites. The carbonized composite is then impregnated several times with pitch by covering the composite with hot pitch under pressure. The composites are given a heat treatment between each impregnant step to crack up the infiltrated carbon and allow additional pitch to enter the microstructure during the next impregnation cycle. The impregnated composites are then given a final heat treatment in the range 2500.degree. to 3100.degree. C. to fully graphitize the fibers and the matrix carbon. The composites are then infiltrated with pyrolytic carbon by chemical vapor deposition in the range 1000.degree. C. to 1300.degree. C. at a reduced. pressure.

Engle, Glen B. (16716 Martincoit Rd., Poway, CA 92064)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Carbon Code Requirements for voluntary carbon sequestration projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Woodland Carbon Code Requirements for voluntary carbon sequestration projects ® Version 1.2 July trademark 10 3. Carbon sequestration 11 3.1 Units of carbon calculation 11 3.2 Carbon baseline 11 3.3 Carbon leakage 12 3.4 Project carbon sequestration 12 3.5 Net carbon sequestration 13 4. Environmental quality 14

154

Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward

Narasayya, Vivek

155

Low Carbon Fuel Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in 1990. These many alternative-fuel initiatives failed tolow-cost, low-carbon alternative fuels would thrive. Theto introduce low-carbon alternative fuels. Former Federal

Sperling, Dan; Yeh, Sonia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Carbon Capture (Carbon Cycle 2.0)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Berend Smit speaks at the Carbon Cycle 2.0 kick-off symposium Feb. 3, 2010. We emit more carbon into the atmosphere than natural processes are able to remove - an imbalance with negative consequences. Carbon Cycle 2.0 is a Berkeley Lab initiative to provide the science needed to restore this balance by integrating the Labs diverse research activities and delivering creative solutions toward a carbon-neutral energy future. http://carboncycle2.lbl.gov/

Smit, Berend

2011-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

157

A violet emission in ZnS:Mn,Eu: Luminescence and applications for radiation detection  

SciTech Connect

We prepared manganese and europium co-doped zinc sulfide (ZnS:Mn,Eu) phosphors and used them for radiation detection. In addition to the red fluorescence at 583?nm due to the d-d transition of Mn ions, an intense violet emission at 420?nm is newly observed in ZnS:Mn,Eu phosphors. The emission is related to Eu{sup 2+} doping but only appears at certain Eu{sup 2+} concentrations. It is found that the intensity of the 420?nm violet fluorescence is X-ray does-dependent, while the red fluorescence of 583?nm is not. The ratio of fluorescence intensities at 420?nm and 583?nm has been monitored as a function of X-ray doses that exposed upon the ZnS:Mn,Eu phosphors. Empirical formulas are provided to estimate the doses of applied X-ray irradiation. Finally, possible mechanisms of X-ray irradiation induced fluorescence quenching are discussed. The intense 420?nm emission not only provides a violet light for solid state lighting but also offers a very sensitive method for radiation detection.

Ma, Lun; Chen, Wei, E-mail: weichen@uta.edu [Department of Physics and the SAVANT Center, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019-0059 (United States); Jiang, Ke [Center for Biofrontiers Institute, University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, 1420 Austin Bluffs Pkwy., Colorado Springs, Colorado 80918 (United States); Liu, Xiao-tang [Department of Physics and the SAVANT Center, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019-0059 (United States); Department of Applied Chemistry, College of Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642 (China)

2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

158

The EU-Ukraine Association Agreement as a Framework of Integration between the Two Parties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The strengthening of relations between EU and Ukraine is of strategic significance to the two parties, both politically and economically, given the size and geographic position of the country under consideration and the fact that EU is already one of the major commercial partners of Ukraine. Towards this goal, the partnership and cooperation regime should be succeeded by an association regime joining the two sides. Negotiations for the conclusion of a pioneer Association Agreement (AA), the first with a country of Eastern Partnership, have been completed. However, its final signature depends upon the fulfillment, from the side of Ukraine, of specific terms related to the progress of internal reforms in the nation's political, economic and legal system. The AA will become the legal framework for the political association and economic integration between the contracting parties. Crucial component of the agreement is a deep and comprehensive free trade area (DCFTA), the establishment of which is expected to contribute in Ukraine's economic modernization and integration with EU's internal market, mainly by adopting the trade-related EU acquis. The aim of this paper is to examine the importance of the AA and in particular the rules governing the liberalization of bilateral trade, the implementation mechanisms laid down and the issues related to the perspective of Ukraine's accession to the EU.

Odysseas Spiliopoulos

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Exchange rate effect on carbon credit price via energy markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper examines the impact of currency exchange rates on the carbon market. We scrutinize this effect through the European Union Emission Trading Scheme (EU-ETS), which primarily uses two substitutable fossil energy inputs for the generation of electricity: coal and natural gas. The European coal market is directly driven by global coal markets that are denominated in USD, whereas, natural gas is mainly imported from Russia and is denominated in Euros. The impulse response functions of a Structural Vector Autoregression (SVAR) model demonstrate that a shock in the Euro/USD exchange rate can be transmitted through the channel of energy substitution between coal and natural gas, and influence on the carbon credit market.

Jongmin Yu; Mindy L. Mallory

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Democratic Republic of Congo-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Democratic Republic of Congo-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Democratic Republic of Congo-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airshares eu carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Energy Department Partners with EU on Electric Vehicle and Smart Grid  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Partners with EU on Electric Vehicle and Smart Partners with EU on Electric Vehicle and Smart Grid Coordination Energy Department Partners with EU on Electric Vehicle and Smart Grid Coordination July 19, 2013 - 5:17pm Addthis Yesterday, representatives from the Energy Department, the European Commission and Argonne National Lab celebrated the launch of the Electric Vehicle-Smart Grid Interoperability Center. From left to right: Mr. Giovanni De Santi, Director of the JRC Institute for energy and transport (IET); Mr. Dominique Ristori, Director-General of the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC); Dr. Phyllis Yoshida, DOE Deputy Assistant Secretary for Europe, Asia and the Americas; Dr. Eric Isaacs, Director of Argonne National Laboratory. | Photo courtesy of Argonne National Lab. Yesterday, representatives from the Energy Department, the European

162

Lebanon-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Lebanon-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Lebanon-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

163

Hetero-epitaxial EuO interfaces studied by analytic electron microscopy  

SciTech Connect

With nearly complete spin polarization, the ferromagnetic semiconductor europium monoxide could enable next-generation spintronic devices by providing efficient ohmic spin injection into silicon. Spin injection is greatly affected by the quality of the interface between the injector and silicon. Here, we use atomic-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy in conjunction with electron energy loss spectroscopy to directly image and chemically characterize a series of EuO|Si and EuO|YAlO{sub 3} interfaces fabricated using different growth conditions. We identify the presence of europium silicides and regions of disorder at the EuO|Si interfaces, imperfections that could significantly reduce spin injection efficiencies via spin-flip scattering.

Mundy, Julia A. [School of Applied and Engineering Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Hodash, Daniel; Melville, Alexander; Held, Rainer [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Mairoser, Thomas; Schmehl, Andreas [Zentrum für Elektronische Korrelationen und Magnetismus, Universität Augsburg, Universitätsstraße 1, D-86159 Augsburg (Germany); Muller, David A.; Kourkoutis, Lena F. [School of Applied and Engineering Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Kavli Institute at Cornell for Nanoscale Science, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Schlom, Darrell G. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Kavli Institute at Cornell for Nanoscale Science, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States)

2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

164

Acetylenic carbon allotrope  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fourth allotrope of carbon, an acetylenic carbon allotrope, is described. The acetylenic carbon allotropes of the present invention are more soluble than the other known carbon allotropes in many common organic solvents and possesses other desirable characteristics, e.g. high electron density, ability to burn cleanly, and electrical conductive properties. Many uses for this fourth allotrope are described herein. 17 figs.

Lagow, R.J.

1998-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

165

The Woodland Carbon Code  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Woodland Carbon Code While society must continue to make every effort to reduce greenhouse gas a role by removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The potential of woodlands to soak up carbon to help compensate for their carbon emissions. But before investing in such projects, people want to know

166

EU promises new biofuel rules won't harm the environment http://www.pr-inside.com/eu-promises-new-biofuel-rules-won-t-r385258.htm 1 of 2 1/16/2008 12:32 PM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EU promises new biofuel rules won't harm the environment http://www.pr-inside.com/eu-promises-new-biofuel promises new biofuel rules won't harm the environment © AP 2008-01-14 16:21:49 - BRUSSELS, Belgium (AP) - The European Union promised Monday that its new push to promote biofuels will try to prevent harming

167

Mesoporous carbon materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A conductive mesoporous carbon composite comprising conductive carbon nanoparticles contained within a mesoporous carbon matrix, wherein the conductive mesoporous carbon composite possesses at least a portion of mesopores having a pore size of at least 10 nm and up to 50 nm, and wherein the mesopores are either within the mesoporous carbon matrix, or are spacings delineated by surfaces of said conductive carbon nanoparticles when said conductive carbon nanoparticles are fused with each other, or both. Methods for producing the above-described composite, devices incorporating them (e.g., lithium batteries), and methods of using them, are also described.

Dai, Sheng; Fulvio, Pasquale Fernando; Mayes, Richard T.; Wang, Xiqing; Sun, Xiao-Guang; Guo, Bingkun

2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

168

Temperature dependent band offsets in PbSe/PbEuSe quantum well heterostructures  

SciTech Connect

The band offsets of PbSe/Pb{sub 1-x}Eu{sub x}Se multi-quantum wells grown by molecular beam epitaxy are determined as a function of temperature and europium content using temperature-modulated differential transmission spectroscopy. The confined quantum well states in the valence and conduction bands are analyzed using a k{center_dot}p model with envelope function approximation. From the fit of the experimental data, the normalized conduction band offset is determined as 0.45{+-}0.15 of the band gap difference, independently of Eu content up to 14% and temperature from 20 to 300 K.

Simma, M.; Bauer, G.; Springholz, G. [Institut fuer Halbleiter und Festkoerperphysik, Johannes Kepler Universitaet, A-4040 Linz (Austria)

2012-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

169

Ultrafast Nonlinear Spectroscopy of Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

metallic nanotubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Carbon2 Carbon Nanotubes Physical and ElectronicStructure of Carbon Nanotubes . . . . . . . . . .

Graham, Matthew Werden

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Ultrafast Nonlinear Spectroscopy of Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 Carbon Nanotubes Physical andElectronic Structure of Carbon Nanotubes . . . . . . . . . .Photophysics in Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes . . . . .

Graham, Matthew Werden

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

EU could go it alone on nuclear fusion plant 29.11.2004 -10:02 CET | By Richard Carter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EU could go it alone on nuclear fusion plant 29.11.2004 - 10:02 CET | By Richard Carter The EU research ministers. Talks over the world's first nuclear fusion reactor have stalled because Japan apart, the fusion technique binds atoms together to produce energy. But to produce nuclear fusion

172

Full-Color Emission From In2S3 and In2S3:Eu3+ Nanoparticles....  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

From In2S3 and In2S3:Eu3+ Nanoparticles. Full-Color Emission From In2S3 and In2S3:Eu3+ Nanoparticles. Abstract: Blue (425 nm) and green (510 nm) emission is observed from In2S3...

173

Wednesday, November 17, 2004 EU proposes nuclear fusion plant without Japan if there's no accord  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wednesday, November 17, 2004 EU proposes nuclear fusion plant without Japan if there's no accord by itself in building a nuclear fusion plant if no agreement is reached with Japan, according to a report, the United States, Russia, China and South Korea are collaborating on the international nuclear fusion

174

pEtrolEuM EnginEEring College of Engineering and Mines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pEtrolEuM EnginEEring College of Engineering and Mines Department of Petroleum Engineering 907-474-7734 http://cem.uaf.edu/pete/ MS Degree Minimum Requirements for Degree: 30 ­ 36 credits Petroleum engineering offers a unique look at the challenging problems confronting the petroleum industry. This program

Hartman, Chris

175

Transmission Electron Microscopy Study of Eu-Doped Y2O3 Nanosheets and Nanotubes  

SciTech Connect

A hydrothermal method was used to synthesize high-purity Eu-doped Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanosheets and nanotubes with an approximate molar ratio of (0.1):(1.0) for Eu:Y. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis and synchrotron X-ray diffraction were used to characterize these nanomaterials. A body-centered cubic structure was confirmed for the nanotubes. The lattice parameter of Eu-doped Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanotubes were 0.12% larger as compared to that of pure Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} which was attributed to the larger ionic radius of Eu{sup 3+} (0.947 {angstrom}) than that of Y{sup 3+} (0.900 {angstrom}). The nanosheets had a similar structure. Nanosheets of approximate dimensions 600 to 800 nm length and width were obtained using a slightly lower pH value, and they were highly textured. The high resolution transmission electron microscopy images showed that the nanotubes are fully crystalline. The nanotubes were typically 1.5-3 {micro}m in length and 50-200 nm in diameter. Using a pH value of approximately 10, stable nanotubes were obtained. It is anticipated that nanosheets might have rolled to form more stable nanotubes.

H Sun; T Chaudhuri; E Kenik; H Zhu; Y Ma

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

176

An EIE/Altener project Co-funded by the EU Commission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and energy aspects of the biogas production by centralised co-digestion in selected areas of six EU countries. The assessment will provide incentives for the implementation of biogas systems in those areas and will help-technical barriers for the implementation and development of biogas from centralised co-digestion in the studied

177

An EIE/Altener project Co-funded by the EU Commission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, environmental and energy aspects of the biogas production by centralised co-digestion in selected areas of six EU countries. The assessment will provide incentives for the implementation of biogas systems for the implementation and development of biogas from centralised co-digestion in the studied areas and to propose some

178

Water Research 39 (2005) 239247 Biosorption of La, Eu and Yb using Sargassum biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water Research 39 (2005) 239­247 Biosorption of La, Eu and Yb using Sargassum biomass Vivian Diniz-loaded biomass was studied. The ion exchange sorption mechanism was confirmed by the release of calcium ions from the biomass that matched the total number of metal and protons removed from the solution. The metal binding

Volesky, Bohumil

179

Spectroscopy of Eu3+ ions in congruent strontium barium niobate crystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spectroscopy of Eu3+ ions in congruent strontium barium niobate crystals Ã?. Andresen, A.-N. Bahar properties of single crystals of strontium barium niobate, grown from the congruently melting composition, electro-optic, pho- torefractive, and dielectric properties, the solid solution strontium barium niobate

Osnabrück, Universität

180

The Political Business Cycles in the EU enlarged 1 Mathilde Maurel2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 The Political Business Cycles in the EU enlarged 1 Mathilde Maurel2 1. Politics and business by limiting the room for political adjustment, others considered that the process of enlargement was a way that the process of monetary unification is an endogenous process. Once the political decision of entering a common

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airshares eu carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Nuclear forward scattering vs. conventional Mossbauer studies of atomically tailored Eu-based materials.  

SciTech Connect

With the decrease in size of devices, rapid characterization of nano-devices is an inevitable necessity. It is shown that Moessbauer spectroscopy using synchrotron radiation from the advanced photon source provides such a tool of investigation. Results are presented and compared for conventional Moessbauer and Nuclear Forward Scattering for {sup 151}Eu-doped magnesium sulfide as an example, especially at low concentrations.

Konjhodzic, A.; Adamczyk, A.; Hasan, Z.; Alp, E. E.; Sturhahn, W.; Zhao, J.; Carroll, J. J.; Vagizov, F.; Univ. of Philadelphia; Youngstown State Univ.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

MARKETING APPLICATIONS: International Marketing, Marketing in the EU and Tourism Marketing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MARKETING APPLICATIONS: International Marketing, Marketing in the EU and Tourism Marketing Summer Business Program 2012 Course Marketing Applications: International Marketing, Marketing in the European Union and Tourism Marketing Professors Juan L. Nicolau. University of Alicante. JL.Nicolau@ua.es María

Escolano, Francisco

183

From 1521 April 2002, the EU workshop ASCMAP (Analysis of Single Cells in Marine Phytoplankton)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From 15­21 April 2002, the EU workshop ASCMAP (Analysis of Single Cells in Marine Phytoplankton) took place at the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research in Bremerhaven, Germany of photosynthetic picoplankton in marine wa- ters; EVK3-CT-1999-00021). The aim of the work- shop was to combine

184

Atomic geometry and electronic structure of the Si(100)2×3-Eu surface phase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structural and electronic properties of the Eu-induced 2×3 reconstruction on Si(100) have been investigated by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS), and high-resolution Si 2p core-level spectroscopy using synchrotron radiation. STM images of this reconstruction are found to be drastically dependent on the bias voltage and tunneling current. STS measurements show that the 2×3-Eu surface is semiconducting. Two occupied states at ?0.9 and ?1.75V and three unoccupied states at +0.35, +0.8, and +1.5V are identified in the (dI?dV)?(I?V) spectrum of this surface. The Si 2p core-level spectra taken at various photon energies and emission angles are revealed to include four surface-related components S1?S4 with core-level shifts of ?0.54, ?0.24, +0.21, and +0.51eV, respectively. The S1, S2, and S4 components are assigned to first-layer Si atoms in the 2×3-Eu structure and the S3 component is shown to arise from the second-layer Si atoms. The results are discussed in the context of structural models reported recently for other metal-induced Si(100)2×3 reconstructions. Finally, an atomic model is proposed for the 2×3-Eu phase.

M. Kuzmin; R. E. Perälä; P. Laukkanen; I. J. Väyrynen

2005-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

185

Evaluation of Large Volume SrI2(Eu) Scintillator Detectors  

SciTech Connect

There is an ever increasing demand for gamma-ray detectors which can achieve good energy resolution, high detection efficiency, and room-temperature operation. We are working to address each of these requirements through the development of large volume SrI{sub 2}(Eu) scintillator detectors. In this work, we have evaluated a variety of SrI{sub 2} crystals with volumes >10 cm{sup 3}. The goal of this research was to examine the causes of energy resolution degradation for larger detectors and to determine what can be done to mitigate these effects. Testing both packaged and unpackaged detectors, we have consistently achieved better resolution with the packaged detectors. Using a collimated gamma-ray source, it was determined that better energy resolution for the packaged detectors is correlated with better light collection uniformity. A number of packaged detectors were fabricated and tested and the best spectroscopic performance was achieved for a 3% Eu doped crystal with an energy resolution of 2.93% FWHM at 662keV. Simulations of SrI{sub 2}(Eu) crystals were also performed to better understand the light transport physics in scintillators and are reported. This study has important implications for the development of SrI{sub 2}(Eu) detectors for national security purposes.

Sturm, B W; Cherepy, N J; Drury, O B; Thelin, P A; Fisher, S E; Magyar, A F; Payne, S A; Burger, A; Boatner, L A; Ramey, J O; Shah, K S; Hawrami, R

2010-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

186

Promoting electricity from renewable energy sources -- lessons learned from the EU, U.S. and Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sustainable growth of the renewable energy industry. Thegrowth of QF capacity, which included renewables, was astounding, aided by California’s diverse and abundant renewable energyrenewable generation, the EU has assumed this role since 2002, mostly due to a rapid growth of wind energy.

Haas, Reinhard

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Sustainable SDI for EU noise mapping in NRW best practice for INSPIRE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Infrastructure GDI NRW. NRW provides for the first time statewide 3D geodata as features in CityGML via OGC Web, INSPIRE, web services, CityGML, GDI NRW 1. INTRODUCTION The Environmental Noise Directive of the European: sustainable use and enlargement of the Spatial Data Infrastructure GDI NRW for EU noise mapping. Web services

Behnke, Sven

188

GEE Workshop, Mnchen, 6 Juni 2008 The EU Policy Framework for the Promotion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

production but also distribution and end-use pose enormous challenges ­ Hydrogen and fuel cells are still to hydrogen and fuel cell development ­ Regional dimension/cluster policy We therefore address the following questions ­ To what extent is the current EU policy framework conducive to hydrogen and fuel cell

189

Inventory logistics cost analysis model for the proposed EU intermodal loading unit -- A business case  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study focuses on the new initiative of the European Union (EU) which deals with simplifying the intermodal product shipment approach that may lead to improvement in the available transportation logistics infrastructure. The analysis involves determining ... Keywords: Intermodal loading unit, buffer stock, intermodal platforms, intermodal transportation, inventory in transit, logistics cost model, multimodal transportation

Sameer Kumar

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Ris DTU Dec.3 2009WindScanner.eu 1 Ris DTU, Technical University of Denmark  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

engulfing today's and tomorrows huge on and offshore wind turbines. - a brig less RI for renewable energy IWES (onshore sites, Alpha Ventus ­ FINO 1- 3 offshore) · Norway: SINTEF (offshore technology, floatingScanner.eu Envisioned new RI European Centre for Wind Energy Research in Atmospheric Turbulent Flow "The Wind

191

-News Home Help Chirac defends planned EU arms sales to China to nervous Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-News Home Help Chirac defends planned EU arms sales to China to nervous Japan Sun Mar 27,11:33 AM Union ( - ) arms embargo on China, telling a nervous Japan the move would not entail transfers ban, acknowledged that Japan was worried about arms sales to its neighbor and growing rival but said

192

Carbon International | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kingdom Zip: NW1 8LH Sector: Carbon Product: London-based energy and communications agency specialising in low carbon energy and climate change. References: Carbon...

193

Carbon Nanostructure-Based Sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Control of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Functionalization.M. S. Characterizing carbon nanotube samples with resonancewith a Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Capacitor. Science

Sarkar, Tapan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Structural Properties of Eu-Doped GaN Investigated by Raman Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

Rare-earth (RE) impurities doped GaN are highly promising candidates for light emitting device applications due to their efficient electroluminescence properties at room temperature. Among those, Eu doped GaN has been identified as an excellent material for the red spectral region due to its strong emission at 620 nm. As a transition internal to the Eu doping atom (4f-4f), light emission originates in a much smaller complex than the more flexibly controllable quantum structures of wells, wires, and dots. This is thought to make the center less susceptible to structural defects and in particular radiation damage in the lattice host. Nevertheless, the lattice host is crucial for providing the excitation in from of free electrons and holes. In this respect, the actual lattice site Eu occupies in the host lattice, i.e. in GaN, is important. A large fraction of Eu atoms are typically inactive which must be attributed to their lattice site and local environment. GaN films implanted with Eu to concentrations of {approx}10{sup 18} cm{sup -3} were subjected to a highly directed beam of 500 keV He{sup +} at a dose of 5 x 10{sup 14} cm{sup -2}. By means of a shadow mask, irradiated and unexposed regions lie very close to each other on the same sample. We used optical and structural analysis to identify the exerted radiation damage. At the full radiation dose, photoluminescence intensity has decayed to {approx}0.01 of its initial value. From the dose dependence of the radiation decay we previously concluded, that this decay is in part due to the destruction of radiative Eu sites [J.W. Tringe, unpublished (2006)]. Along the transition from virgin to irradiated material we analyze the accumulated damage in terms of surface morphology (atomic force microscopy), crystallinity (x-ray diffraction), and phonon dispersion using micro-Raman spectroscopy. In addition to the well-studied E{sub 2}(high) mode, two new vibrational modes at 659 cm{sup -1} and 201 cm{sup -1} were observed in the Eu implanted and annealed sample, prior to He{sup +} irradiation. These modes are either remnants of the implantation damage or related to the Eu impurity. As such they can be indicative of the actual lattice site the Eu atom resides on. After irradiation, broad Raman modes at 300 cm-1 are being observed. This band indicates disorder activated Raman scattering (DARS) due to the radiation damage. An additional narrow mode appears at 672 cm{sup -1}, which can possibly be due to a nitrogen vacancy related vibrational mode. The continuous transition from irradiated to un-irradiated sample allows the direct evolution of radiation damage and its coordinated effects in structural, optical and vibrational properties. By its systematic correlation we anticipate to be able to elucidate the Eu lattice interaction and the processes of radiation damage.

Senawiratne, J; Xia, Y; Detchprohm, T; Tringe, J W; Stevens, C G; Wetzel, C

2006-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

195

Method of making carbon-carbon composites  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for making a carbon-carbon composite having a combination of high crystallinity, high strength, high modulus and high thermal and electrical conductivity. High-modulus/high-strength mesophase derived carbon fibers are woven into a suitable cloth. Layers of this easily graphitizable woven cloth are covered with petroleum or coal tar pitch and pressed at a temperature a few degrees above the softening point of the pitch to form a green laminated composite. The green composite is restrained in a suitable fixture and heated slowly to carbonize the pitch binder. The carbonized composite is then impregnated several times with pitch by covering the composite with hot pitch under pressure. The composites are given a heat treatment between each impregnation step to crack up the infiltrated carbon and allow additional pitch to enter the microstructure during the next impregnation cycle. The impregnated composites are then given a final heat treatment in the range 2500.degree. to 3000.degree. C. to fully graphitize the fibers and the matrix carbon. The composites are then infiltrated with pyrolytic carbon by chemical vapor deposition in the range 1000.degree. to 1300.degree. C. at a reduced pressure for approximately one hundred and fifty (150) hours.

Engle, Glen B. (16716 Martincoit Rd., Poway, CA 92064)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Carbon nanotube nanoelectrode arrays  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to microelectode arrays (MEAs), and more particularly to carbon nanotube nanoelectrode arrays (CNT-NEAs) for chemical and biological sensing, and methods of use. A nanoelectrode array includes a carbon nanotube material comprising an array of substantially linear carbon nanotubes each having a proximal end and a distal end, the proximal end of the carbon nanotubes are attached to a catalyst substrate material so as to form the array with a pre-determined site density, wherein the carbon nanotubes are aligned with respect to one another within the array; an electrically insulating layer on the surface of the carbon nanotube material, whereby the distal end of the carbon nanotubes extend beyond the electrically insulating layer; a second adhesive electrically insulating layer on the surface of the electrically insulating layer, whereby the distal end of the carbon nanotubes extend beyond the second adhesive electrically insulating layer; and a metal wire attached to the catalyst substrate material.

Ren, Zhifeng (Newton, MA); Lin, Yuehe (Richland, WA); Yantasee, Wassana (Richland, WA); Liu, Guodong (Fargo, ND); Lu, Fang (Burlingame, CA); Tu, Yi (Camarillo, CA)

2008-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

197

Quantifying Carbon Cycle Feedbacks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Perturbations to the carbon cycle could constitute large feedbacks on future changes in atmospheric CO2 concentration and climate. This paper demonstrates how carbon cycle feedback can be expressed in formally similar ways to climate feedback, ...

J. M. Gregory; C. D. Jones; P. Cadule; P. Friedlingstein

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Carbon Monoxide Safety Tips  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Protect yourself and your family from the deadly effects of carbon monoxide--a colorless, odorless poisonous gas. This publication describes the warning signs of carbon monoxide exposure and includes a home safety checklist....

Shaw, Bryan W.; Garcia, Monica L.

1999-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

199

Terrestrial Carbon Management  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Terrestrial Carbon Management Data Sets and Analyses Terrestrial Carbon Management Data Sets and Analyses Carbon Accumulation with Cropland Management Influence of Agricultural Management on Soil Organic Carbon: A Compendium and Assessment of Canadian Studies (VandenBygaart et al., Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada) Soil Carbon Sequestration by Tillage and Crop Rotation: A Global Data Analysis (West and Post, Oak Ridge National Laboratory) Preliminary Estimates of the Potential for Carbon Mitigation in European Soils Through No-Till Farming (Smith et al., University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom) Potential for Carbon Sequestration in European Soils: Preliminary Estimates for Five Scenarios Using Results from Long-Term Experiments (Smith et al., University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom) Carbon Accumulation with Grassland Management

200

Scanning tunneling microscopy study of the Eu-induced Ge(111)-(3×2)?(3×4) reconstruction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Eu-induced (3×2) reconstruction of the Ge(111) surface has been investigated by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). The empty-state STM images show the chainlike atomic structure that is similar to those of the metal-induced Si(111)-(3×2) surfaces with an adsorbate coverage of 1?6 monolayer (ML). The filled-state STM images combined with the empty-state images at the low bias voltage reveal that the Ge arrangement of Eu?Ge(111)-(3×2) can be well interpreted in terms of the honeycomb chain-channel (HCC) model with the characteristic Ge?Ge double bond and slightly modified Ge honeycomb chains which are similar to those of the 1?6-ML HCC structure of Si(111)-(3×2). In addition, the Eu?Ge(111)-(3×2) surface is found to have a local ×4 periodicity along Eu chains, which can be explained, based on the analysis of STM line profiles, with two nonequivalent adsorption sites occupied by the Eu atoms in the empty channels of the HCC structure. The structural modifications of the Ge honeycomb chains as well as the origin of the ×2 and ×4 chains of Eu atoms in the HCC structure on the Eu?Ge(111) surface are discussed.

M. Kuzmin; P. Laukkanen; R. E. Perälä; I. J. Väyrynen

2006-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airshares eu carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Power Europe: EU and the illegal, unreported and unregulated tuna fisheries regulation in the West and Central Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing activities are widely considered a main cause of unsustainable fisheries across the globe. The EU has taken a leading role in the fight against IUU fishing, using both its market and normative power to advance its EU IUU Regulation (no. 1005/2008) and wider fisheries sustainability agenda outside its territory. This paper examines how successful the EU has been in using its market and normative power to influence regulatory strategies and frameworks governing tuna fisheries in the Pacific Islands region of the Western Pacific Ocean. The results indicate that while the market power of the EU remains an influential factor, the diminishing normative power of the EU in WCPO is weakening any attempts to implement its IUU fishing regulation and Pacific Island nations have promoted their own regulatory agenda. We conclude that the changing asymmetries between market and normative power has led to a differentiated geography of regulatory uptake, and while market power will remain a dominant strategy for the EU, normative power, when exercised should focus on cooperation rather than ‘teaching’ the benefits of an EU regulatory approach.

Alice M.M. Miller; Simon R. Bush; Arthur P.J. Mol

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Supernova: Carbon detonation redux  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... A DECADE ago carbon detonation was all the rage among supernova theorists. The idea was that the characteristic burst ... wind.

J. Craig Wheeler

1983-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

203

Carbon Capital | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Carbon Product: Manages a carbon fund specialised in forestry projects References: Carbon Capital1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Carbon...

204

Kinetics Of Carbon Gasification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Kinetics Of Carbon Gasification ... The steam–carbon reaction, which is the essential reaction of the gasification processes of carbon-based feed stocks (e.g., coal and biomass), produces synthesis gas (H2 + CO), a synthetically flexible, environmentally benign energy source. ... Coal Gasification in CO2 and Steam:? Development of a Steam Injection Facility for High-Pressure Wire-Mesh Reactors ...

C. W. Zielke; Everett. Gorin

1957-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

How Carbon Capture Works  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Carbon capture, utilization and storage is a process that captures carbon dioxide emissions from sources like coal-fired power plants and either reuses or stores it so it will not enter the atmosphere. We'll break down the process step by step so you can learn how this technology can help us lower our carbon pollution.

206

Intro to Carbon Sequestration  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

NETL's Carbon Sequestration Program is helping to develop technologies to capture, purify, and store carbon dioxide (CO2) in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions without adversely influencing energy use or hindering economic growth. Carbon sequestration technologies capture and store CO2 that would otherwise reside in the atmosphere for long periods of time.

None

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

207

Carbon Connections | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product: Carbon Connections links partner universities with industry encouraging knowledge exchange and developing innovative ideas. References: Carbon Connections1 This...

208

EuAl2 at pressures up to 41 GPa: A localized magnet exhibiting highly nonlinear electronic effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Eu151 Mössbauer studies under hydrostatic pressures up to 41 GPa coupled to x-ray diffraction measurements show that—contrary to expectations—the 4f electrons in EuAl2 remain fully localized even under a reduction of unit cell volume of ?30%. However, strongly nonlinear effects are observed for the conduction electron polarization, for the s-electron density ?(0) at the Eu151 nucleus, the Néel temperature TN, and the transferred hyperfine field hyperbolically; TN and Bthf connected to ?(0). The latter results can be described quantitatively within the RKKY formalism.

A. Gleissner; W. Potzel; J. Moser; G. M. Kalvius

1993-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

209

Tilting of the CuO6 octahedra in La1.83-xEu0.17SrxCuO4 as seen by Eu151 Mössbauer spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Eu151 Mössbauer studies of La1.83-xEu0.17SrxCuO4 for 0<~x<~0.26 exhibit a quadrupole interaction at the Eu site whose magnitude eQVzz strongly depends on both the Sr content x and the temperature T. For a fixed temperature, a linear relationship is obtained between the quadrupole interaction and the averaged CuO6 octahedra tilting angle determined from diffraction studies. The unusually large temperature dependence of eQVzz strongly indicates a temperature dependence of the local structure. In contrast to recent studies of the local structure La2CuO4-type superconductors by means of x-ray-absorption and neutron-scattering techniques, our data give strong evidence that the local octahedra tilting in La1.83-xEu0.17SrxCuO4 corresponds well to the average tilting obtained by diffraction techniques.

C. Friedrich; B. Büchner; M. M. Abd-Elmeguid; H. Micklitz

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Carbon in detonations  

SciTech Connect

We review three principal results from a five year study of carbon and its properties in detonations and discuss the implications of these results to the behavior of explosives. We first present a new determination of the carbon melt line from release wave velocity measurements in the shocked state. We then outline a colloidal theory of carbon clustering which from diffusion limited coagulation predicts a slow energy release rate for the carbon chemistry. Finally, we show the results from the examination of recovered soot. Here we see support for the colloid theory and find the diamond phase of carbon. The main theme of this paper is that the carbon in detonation products is in the form of a colloidal suspension of carbon clusters which grow through diffusion limited collisions. Even the final state is not bulk graphite or diamond, but is a collection of small, less than 100 /angstrom/A, diamond and graphitic clusters. 23 refs., 4 figs.

Johnson, J.D.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Level crossing investigation of the hyperfine splitting in thez 6 P 7/2-level of EuI  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By means of a level crossing experiment the hyperfine structure constants of thez 6 P 7/2-level of Eu have been determined. The results areA=-6.51(6) MHz andB= 131....

W. Lange

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Over-allocation or abatement? : a preliminary analysis of the EU ETS based on the 2005 emission data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper provides an initial analysis of the EU ETS based on the installation-level data for verified emissions and allowance allocations in the first trading year. Those data, released on May 15, 2006, and subsequent ...

Ellerman, A. Denny

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

The electronic structure and photoluminescence properties of BiOCl:Eu3+ from first-principles calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Europium-doped luminescent heavy metal bismuth oxychloride has been investigated by first-principles calculation, and the crystal structure, electronic structure, and optical properties of pure BiOCl and Eu-doped BiOCl have been examined and compared. Based on the calculated results, the luminescence properties and mechanism of Eu-doped BiOCl has been discussed. Owing to the unique layered structure, BiOCl host could produce enough separated electron–hole pairs, under UV-light excitation. Furthermore, because the energy levels (5D0) of Eu3+ is matched with the energy bands (the bottom of conduction band) of BiOCl, the energy transport and charge transfer from host to luminescence center can be efficiently carried out. Thus, the photoluminescence of Eu3+ could be enhanced in the matrix of BiOCl. These findings are helpful to understand previously published experimental results, and to improve novel luminescence materials.

Jun Yi; Zong-Yan Zhao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Extension of EU Emissions Trading Scheme to Other Sectors and Gases: Consequences for Uncertainty of Total Tradable Amount  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Emissions trading in the European Union (EU), covering...2...from combustion and selected industrial processes in large installations), began in 2005. During the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol (200...

S. Monni; S. Syri; R. Pipatti; I. Savolainen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Extension of EU Emissions Trading Scheme to Other Sectors and Gases: Consequences for Uncertainty of Total Tradable Amount  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Emissions trading in the European Union (EU), covering...2...from combustion and selected industrial processes in large installations), began in 2005. During the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol (200...

S. Monni; S. Syri; R. Pipatti; I. Savolainen

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Thermoanalytical Studies of Ga-substituted MBa2Cu3O7–? Superconducting Compounds Formation (M=Yb, Eu)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A thermoanalytical study in non-isothermal conditions was realized on Ga-substituted MBa2Cu3O7-? superconducting compounds formation (M=Yb, Eu). The presence of different oxides in the reaction mixtures leads to ...

R. Redac; M. Zaharescu

217

EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(LECBP) (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment

218

Dipole Relaxation, Aggregation, and X-Ray Effects in KCl Doped with Eu++, Yb++, or Sm++  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The behavior of impurity-vacancy (I-V) dipoles has been studied in KCl single crystals doped with Eu++, Yb++, or Sm++, using the ionic-thermocurrents technique. The activation energies and frequency factors for dipole relaxation have been determined. The aggregation of these dipoles in KCl: Eu++ follows third-order kinetics in the temperature range 295-323 °K, and their decay rate is comparable to that of KCl: Sr++. The activation energy and frequency factor for the formation of trimers have also been determined. It has proved possible to destroy these rare-earth I-V dipolar systems by irradiation with x rays, and to recover them on subsequent heating or irradiation with a Xe-Hg lamp. This process is postulated to take place through charge conversion of the I-V dipole constituents.

S. Unger and M. M. Perlman

1972-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

219

Mapping cultural ecosystem services: A framework to assess the potential for outdoor recreation across the EU  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Research on ecosystem services mapping and valuing has increased significantly in recent years. However, compared to provisioning and regulating services, cultural ecosystem services have not yet been fully integrated into operational frameworks. One reason for this is that transdisciplinarity is required to address the issue, since by definition cultural services (encompassing physical, intellectual, spiritual interactions with biota) need to be analysed from multiple perspectives (i.e. ecological, social, behavioural). A second reason is the lack of data for large-scale assessments, as detailed surveys are a main source of information. Among cultural ecosystem services, assessment of outdoor recreation can be based on a large pool of literature developed mostly in social and medical science, and landscape and ecology studies. This paper presents a methodology to include recreation in the conceptual framework for EU wide ecosystem assessments (Maes et al., 2013), which couples existing approaches for recreation management at country level with behavioural data derived from surveys and population distribution data. The proposed framework is based on three components: the ecosystem function (recreation potential), the adaptation of the Recreation Opportunity Spectrum framework to characterise the ecosystem service and the distribution of potential demand in the EU. Results show that 38% of the EU is characterised by a high outdoor recreation potential, which is easily accessible, and that such areas can host about 35.4% of potential demand for close-to-home trips (recreation potential as an ecosystem service to EU citizens, to describe through country profiles differences in ecosystem service provision at regional level, and can be used as an input to land use planning processes.

Maria Luisa Paracchini; Grazia Zulian; Leena Kopperoinen; Joachim Maes; Jan Philipp Schägner; Mette Termansen; Marianne Zandersen; Marta Perez-Soba; Paul A. Scholefield; Giovanni Bidoglio

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Emission Properties of Eu{sup 3+} Doped Different Chlorophosphate Glasses  

SciTech Connect

Absorption and emission spectra of 0.5 mol% of Eu{sup 3+} in different chlorophosphate glasses have been studied. Judd-Ofelt analysis was performed to evaluate the emission properties such as radiative transition probabilities (A{sub rad}), branching ratios ({beta}), radiative lifetimes ({tau}{sub R}) and emission cross-sections ({sigma}{sub P}) for observed emission transitions of emission spectra of these glass matrices.

Rao, K. Venkata; Seshadri, M.; Ratnakaram, Y. C. [Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, A.P. (India)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airshares eu carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Modelling advanced adsorption processes for postcombustion capture. **FULLY FUNDED PROJECT UK/EU ONLY**  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the University of Edinburgh. Carbon capture from power stations and industrial sources is an essential pillar at the development of next generation carbon capture processes that reduce the cost of capital equipment with carbon capture and CO2 compression that has capture

Hall, Christopher

222

Anomalies in Ultra-High-Field Magnetic Superconductors (Eu1-xSnx)Mo6S8  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Resistive behavior of three series of Chevrel phase, (Eu1-xSnx)Mo6S7, (Eu1-xSnx)Mo6S6.75 and (Eu1-xSnx)0.9Mo6S6.75, is studied in magnetic fields up to 90 kOe at temperatures down to 50 mK. Compounds with x>0.4 are usual ultra-high-field superconductors, while (Eu0.9Sn0.1)0.9Mo6S6.75 is a simple magnetic superconductor. Resistive behavior of the compounds between the above mentioned two sides is complicated, varying with the composition. For example, in (Eu0.8Sn0.2)Mo6S7 the resistance at high fields keeps roughly constant and the temperature dependence of Hc2 defined as a half of the resistance in the normal state is quite different with that defined at the appearance of the resistance. In (Eu0.85Sn0.15)Mo6S7 the superconductivity (=zero resistance) seems to reappear at high fields and at low temperatures.

Masahiro Isino; Norio Kobayashi; Yoshio Muto

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Potential of Silicon Carbide-Derived Carbon for Carbon Capture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Potential of Silicon Carbide-Derived Carbon for Carbon Capture ... In contrast to conventional carbons made from natural precursors, carbide derived carbons (CDCs),(8, 10-13) being synthesized from an inorganic source, have no polar functional groups and are composed of purely covalently bonded carbon. ...

S. K. Bhatia; T. X. Nguyen

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

224

Carbon Sequestration via Mineral Carbonation: Overview and Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Carbon Sequestration via Mineral Carbonation: Overview and Assessment 14 March 2002 Howard Herzog overview and assessment of carbon sequestration by mineral carbonation (referred to as "mineral sequestration R&D. The first is that carbonates have a lower energy state than CO2. Therefore, at least

225

Carbon RRLs Carbon RRLs towards Ultra-compact HII Regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon RRLs Carbon RRLs towards Ultra-compact HII Regions Dana S. Balser D. Anish Roshi (Raman (Agnes Scott College) #12;Carbon RRLs Carbon Radio Recombination Lines (RRLs) NGC 2024 (Orion B) IC 1795 (W3) Palmer et al. (1967) #12;Carbon RRLs Photodissociation Regions (PDRs) Hollenbach & Tielens (1997

Balser, Dana S.

226

Would Border Carbon Adjustments prevent carbon leakage and heavy industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

No 52-2013 Would Border Carbon Adjustments prevent carbon leakage and heavy industry halshs-00870689,version1-7Oct2013 #12;Would Border Carbon Adjustments prevent carbon leakage and heavy The efficiency of unilateral climate policies may be hampered by carbon leakage and competitiveness losses

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

227

Cumulative Carbon and Just Allocation of the Global Carbon Commons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cumulative Carbon and Just Allocation of the Global Carbon Commons R.T. Pierrehumbert1 on climate can be characterized by a single statistic, called Cumulative Carbon. This is the aggregate amount of carbon emitted in the form of carbon dioxide by activities such as fossil fuel burning and deforestation

Pierrehumbert, Raymond

228

Carbon Emissions: Food Industry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Food Industry Food Industry Carbon Emissions in the Food Industry The Industry at a Glance, 1994 (SIC Code: 20) Total Energy-Related Emissions: 24.4 million metric tons of carbon (MMTC) -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 6.6% Total First Use of Energy: 1,193 trillion Btu -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 5.5% Carbon Intensity: 20.44 MMTC per quadrillion Btu Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey" and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998 Energy-Related Carbon Emissions, 1994 Source of Carbon Carbon Emissions (million metric tons) All Energy Sources 24.4 Net Electricity 9.8 Natural Gas 9.1 Coal 4.2 All Other Sources 1.3 Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey" and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998

229

Carbon Emissions: Chemicals Industry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Chemicals Industry Chemicals Industry Carbon Emissions in the Chemicals Industry The Industry at a Glance, 1994 (SIC Code: 28) Total Energy-Related Emissions: 78.3 million metric tons of carbon (MMTC) -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 21.1% -- Nonfuel Emissions: 12.0 MMTC Total First Use of Energy: 5,328 trillion Btu -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 24.6% Energy Sources Used As Feedstocks: 2,297 trillion Btu -- LPG: 1,365 trillion Btu -- Natural Gas: 674 trillion Btu Carbon Intensity: 14.70 MMTC per quadrillion Btu Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey" and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998 Energy-Related Carbon Emissions, 1994 Source of Carbon Carbon Emissions (million metric tons) All Energy Sources 78.3 Natural Gas 32.1

230

The Carbon Cycle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Carbon Cycle The Carbon Cycle The global carbon cycle involves the carbon in and exchanging between the earth's atmosphere, fossil fuels, the oceans, and the vegetation and soils of the earth's terrestrial ecosystems. image Each year, the world's terrestrial ecosystems withdraw carbon from the atmosphere through photosynthesis and add it again through respiration and decay. A more detailed look at the global carbon cycle for the 1990s is shown below. The main annual fluxes in GtC yr-1 are: pre-industrial "natural" fluxes in black and "anthropogenic" fluxes in red (modified from Sarmiento and Gruber, 2006, with changes in pool sizes from Sabine et al., 2004a). The net terrestrial loss of -39 GtC is inferred from cumulative fossil fuel emissions minus atmospheric increase minus ocean storage. The loss of

231

Carbon Emissions: Paper Industry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Paper Industry Paper Industry Carbon Emissions in the Paper Industry The Industry at a Glance, 1994 (SIC Code: 26) Total Energy-Related Emissions: 31.6 million metric tons of carbon (MMTC) -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 8.5% Total First Use of Energy: 2,665 trillion Btu -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 12.3% -- Pct. Renewable Energy: 47.7% Carbon Intensity: 11.88 MMTC per quadrillion Btu Renewable Energy Sources (no net emissions): -- Pulping liquor: 882 trillion Btu -- Wood chips and bark: 389 trillion Btu Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey" and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998 Energy-Related Carbon Emissions, 1994 Source of Carbon Carbon Emissions (million metric tons) All Energy Sources 31.6 Net Electricity 11.0

232

NETL: Carbon Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Storage Storage Technologies Carbon Storage (formerly referred to as the "Carbon Sequestration Program") Program Overview For quick navigation of NETL's Carbon Storage Program website, please click on the image. NETL's Carbon Storage Program Fossil fuels are considered the most dependable, cost-effective energy source in the world. The availability of these fuels to provide clean, affordable energy is essential for domestic and global prosperity and security well into the 21st century. However, a balance is needed between energy security and concerns over the impacts of concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere - particularly carbon dioxide (CO2). NETL's Carbon Storage Program is developing a technology portfolio of safe, cost-effective, commercial-scale CO2 capture, storage, and mitigation

233

Striving To Capture Carbon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Striving To Capture Carbon ... Energy ministers from around the world met in Washington, D.C., for three days earlier this month to wrestle with how to reenergize efforts to cut carbon emissions from coal-fired power plants. ... Their solution, not surprisingly, is a rapid acceleration of R&D for technologies that capture and sequester underground carbon dioxide emitted by power plants, refineries, and industrial manufacturers that burn fossil fuels. ...

JEFF JOHNSON

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

234

Paraconductivity in carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the calculation of paraconductivity in carbon nanotubes above the superconducting transition temperature. The complex behavior of paraconductivity depending upon the tube radius, temperature, and magnetic field strength is analyzed. The results are qualitatively compared with recent experimental observations in carbon nanotubes of an inherent transition to the superconducting state and pronounced thermodynamic fluctuations above Tc. The application of our results to single-wall and multiwall carbon nanotubes as well as ropes of nanotubes is discussed.

D. V. Livanov and A. A. Varlamov

2002-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

235

Carbon Sequestration - Public Meeting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Public Meeting Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Public Meeting May 18, 2004 National Energy Technology Laboratory Office of Fossil Energy Scott Klara Carbon Sequestration Technology Manager Carbon Sequestration Program Overview * What is Carbon Sequestration * The Fossil Energy Situation * Greenhouse Gas Implications * Pathways to Greenhouse Gas Stabilization * Sequestration Program Overview * Program Requirements & Structure * Regional Partnerships * FutureGen * Sources of Information What is Carbon Sequestration? Capture can occur: * at the point of emission * when absorbed from air Storage locations include: * underground reservoirs * dissolved in deep oceans * converted to solid materials * trees, grasses, soils, or algae Capture and storage of CO 2 and other Greenhouse Gases that

236

NETL: Carbon Storage - Infrastructure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Infrastructure Infrastructure Carbon Storage Infrastructure The Infrastructure Element of DOE's Carbon Storage Program is focused on research and development (R&D) initiatives to advance geologic CO2 storage toward commercialization. DOE determined early in the program's development that addressing CO2 mitigation on a regional level is the most effective way to address differences in geology, climate, population density, infrastructure, and socioeconomic development. This element includes the following efforts designed to support the development of regional infrastructure for carbon capture and storage (CCS). Click on Image to Navigate Infrastructure Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player. Get Adobe Flash player Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships (RCSP) - This

237

Carbon Sequestration 101  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

R&D Overview R&D Overview Office of Fossil Energy Justin "Judd" R. Swift Asst. Secretary for International Affairs Office of Fossil Energy U.S. Department of Energy 2 nd U.S/China CO 2 Emission Control Science & Technology Symposium May 28-29, 2008 Hangzhou, China Office of Fossil Energy Technological Carbon Management Options Improve Efficiency Sequester Carbon  Renewables  Nuclear  Fuel Switching  Demand Side  Supply Side  Capture & Store  Enhance Natural Sinks Reduce Carbon Intensity All options needed to:  Affordably meet energy demand  Address environmental objectives Office of Fossil Energy DOE's Sequestration Program Structure Infrastructure Regional Carbon Sequestration

238

Activated Carbon Injection  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

History of the Clean Air Act and how the injection of carbon into a coal power plant's flu smoke can reduce the amount of mercury in the smoke.

None

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

239

Carbon Capture and Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Shift to alternative energy sources, which have been introduced in Chap.  8 .... They are effective in air pollution control as well as carbon

Zhongchao Tan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Composites of Carbon Nanotubes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this research was to study various methods of incorporation of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) with polymers for producing electrically conductive polystyrene composites.… (more)

Tchoul, Maxim N.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airshares eu carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Reinforced Carbon Nanotubes.  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates generally to reinforced carbon nanotubes, and more particularly to reinforced carbon nanotubes having a plurality of microparticulate carbide or oxide materials formed substantially on the surface of such reinforced carbon nanotubes composite materials. In particular, the present invention provides reinforced carbon nanotubes (CNTs) having a plurality of boron carbide nanolumps formed substantially on a surface of the reinforced CNTs that provide a reinforcing effect on CNTs, enabling their use as effective reinforcing fillers for matrix materials to give high-strength composites. The present invention also provides methods for producing such carbide reinforced CNTs.

Ren, Zhifen (Newton, MA); Wen, Jian Guo (Newton, MA); Lao, Jing Y. (Chestnut Hill, MA); Li, Wenzhi (Brookline, MA)

2005-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

242

Carbon Fiber SMC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

110,000 ACC capital) in 2008 * 54,000 for 2009 Partners * Continental Structural Plastic (CSP), a Tier One supplier * Discounted compounding and molding * Zoltek, a carbon...

243

Carbon Fiber Technology Facility  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- 4M AMO - 1.5M VTP - Remainder covered by carry- over and ARRA project contingency * Cost of carbon fiber * Technology scaling * Market development * Workforce development * Oak...

244

Activated Carbon Injection  

SciTech Connect

History of the Clean Air Act and how the injection of carbon into a coal power plant's flu smoke can reduce the amount of mercury in the smoke.

None

2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

245

NETL: Carbon Storage - Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Storage > Reference Shelf Carbon Storage > Reference Shelf Carbon Storage Reference Shelf Below are links to Carbon Storage Program documents and reference materials. Each of the 10 categories has a variety of documents posted for easy access to current information - just click on the category link to view all related materials. RSS Icon Subscribe to the Carbon Storage RSS Feed. Carbon Storage Collage 2012 Carbon Utilization and Storage Atlas IV Carbon Sequestration Project Portfolio DOE/NETL Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage RD&D Roadmap Public Outreach and Education for Carbon Storage Projects Carbon Storage Technology Program Plan Carbon Storage Newsletter Archive Impact of the Marcellus Shale Gas Play on Current and Future CCS Activities Site Screening, Selection, and Initial Characterization for Storage of CO2 in Deep Geologic Formations Carbon Storage Systems and Well Management Activities Monitoring, Verification, and Accounting of CO2 Stored in Deep Geologic Formations

246

SGL Carbon AG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon AG Jump to: navigation, search Name: SGL Carbon AG Place: Wiesbaden, Hessen, Germany Zip: 65203 Sector: Carbon Product: A Germany-based manufacturer of carbon-based...

247

Eon Masdar Integrated Carbon | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon Jump to: navigation, search Name: Eon Masdar Integrated Carbon Place: Germany Sector: Carbon Product: Germany-based carbon emission projects developer. References:...

248

EMBODIED CARBON TARIFFS Christoph Bhringer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EMBODIED CARBON TARIFFS Christoph Böhringer Jared C. Carbone Thomas F. Rutherford Revised: August 2013 Abstract Embodied carbon tariffs tax the direct and indirect carbon emissions embodied in trade -- an idea popularized by countries seeking to extend the reach of domestic carbon regu- lations. We

249

Carbon-Optimal and Carbon-Neutral Supply Chains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Y. Li, M. Daskin. 2009. Carbon Footprint and the ManagementJ. van Houtum. 2011. E?ect of carbon emission regulations onStreamlined Enterprise Carbon Footprinting. Environmental

Caro, F.; Corbett, C. J.; Tan, T.; Zuidwijk, R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Global Carbon Cycle, Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Mitigation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The carbon cycle is one of the biogeochemical cycles and describes the movement of carbon, in its many forms, within the biosphere, atmosphere, oceans and geosphere. The global carbon cycle involves the earth’...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Carbonation Mechanism of Reservoir Rock by Supercritical Carbon...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the carbonation reaction mechanisms between supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) and reservoir rocks consisting of different mineralogical compositions in aqueous and...

252

Nanomechanics of carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...nanotechnology II Nanomechanics of carbon nanotubes Andras Kis 1 * Alex Zettl 2 3 * * Authors...important potential applications of carbon nanotubes are related to their mechanical properties...characterization of the mechanical properties of nanotubes includes a rich variety of experiments...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Carbon monoxide absorbing liquid  

SciTech Connect

The present disclosure is directed to a carbon monoxide absorbing liquid containing a cuprous ion, hydrochloric acid and titanum trichloride. Titanium trichloride is effective in increasing the carbon monoxide absorption quantity. Furthermore, titanium trichloride remarkably increases the oxygen resistance. Therefore, this absorbing liquid can be used continuously and for a long time.

Arikawa, Y.; Horigome, S.; Kanehori, K.; Katsumoto, M.

1981-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

254

Fly ash carbon passivation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermal method to passivate the carbon and/or other components in fly ash significantly decreases adsorption. The passivated carbon remains in the fly ash. Heating the fly ash to about 500 and 800 degrees C. under inert gas conditions sharply decreases the amount of surfactant adsorbed by the fly ash recovered after thermal treatment despite the fact that the carbon content remains in the fly ash. Using oxygen and inert gas mixtures, the present invention shows that a thermal treatment to about 500 degrees C. also sharply decreases the surfactant adsorption of the recovered fly ash even though most of the carbon remains intact. Also, thermal treatment to about 800 degrees C. under these same oxidative conditions shows a sharp decrease in surfactant adsorption of the recovered fly ash due to the fact that the carbon has been removed. This experiment simulates the various "carbon burnout" methods and is not a claim in this method. The present invention provides a thermal method of deactivating high carbon fly ash toward adsorption of AEAs while retaining the fly ash carbon. The fly ash can be used, for example, as a partial Portland cement replacement in air-entrained concrete, in conductive and other concretes, and for other applications.

La Count, Robert B; Baltrus, John P; Kern, Douglas G

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

255

Electronic Properties of Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

P. Avouris, in Carbon Nanotubes M. S. Dresselhaus, P.Physics of Carbon Nanotubes S. V. Rotkin, S. Subramoney,Properties of Carbon Nanotubes Philip G. Collins 1 and

Collins, Philip G

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Carbon Sequestration: A Comparative Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carbon sequestration refers to the provision and safe storage of carbon dioxide that otherwise would be emitted to ... isolation, and final storage of the produced carbon dioxide, utilizing biological, chemical, ...

Christopher J. Koroneos; Dimitrios C. Rovas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Electronic Properties of Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

P. Avouris, in Carbon Nanotubes M. S. Dresselhaus, P.in Applied Physics of Carbon Nanotubes S. V. Rotkin, S.Electronic Properties of Carbon Nanotubes Philip G. Collins

Collins, Philip G

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Carbon-free generation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon-free generation Carbon-free generation Carbon-free central generation of electricity, either through fossil fuel combustion with carbon dioxide capture and storage or development of renewable sources such as solar, wind, and/or nuclear power, is key to our future energy portfolio. Brookhaven also provides tools and techniques for studying geological carbon dioxide sequestration and analyzing safety issues for nuclear systems. Our nation faces grand challenges: finding alternative and cleaner energy sources and improving efficiency to meet our exponentially growing energy needs. Researchers at Brookhaven National Laboratory are poised to meet these challenges with basic and applied research programs aimed at advancing the effective use of renewable energy through improved conversion,

259

2013 Global Carbon Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2013 Global Carbon Project 2013 Global Carbon Project DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/GCP_2013_V1.1 image 2013 Budget v1.1 (November 2013) image 2013 Budget v1.3 (December 2013, contains typographical corrections to 2011 Australia emissions from v1.1 and corrections to the 2011 Australia transfer and consumption emissions from v1.2) image image image image Global Carbon Dioxide Emissions to Reach 36 Billion Tonnes in 2013 Global emissions of carbon dioxide from the combustion of fossil fuels will reach 36 billion tonnes for the year 2013. "This is a level unprecedented in human history," says CSIRO's Dr Pep Canadell, Executive-Director of the Global Carbon Project (GCP) and co-author of a new report. Global emissions due to fossil fuel alone are set to grow this year at a slightly lower pace of 2.1% than the average 3.1% since 2000, reaching 36

260

ANNUAL TRILATERAL U.S. – EU – JAPAN CONFERENCE ON CRITICAL MATERIALS FOR A CLEAN ENERGY FUTURE, SEPTEMBER 8-9, 2014  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Agenda from the fourth meeting of the Annual Trilateral U.S. – EU – Japan Conference on Critical Materials for a Clean Energy Future

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airshares eu carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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261

Annual Trilateral U.S. – EU – Japan Conference on Critical Materials for a Clean Energy Future, October 4-5, 2011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Agenda from the first meeting of the Annual Trilateral U.S. – EU – Japan Conference on Critical Materials for a Clean Energy Future

262

Black Carbon and the Carbon Cycle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...reduces net CO 2 release by permanent deforestation...constitute a substantial fraction of the “missing carbon...estimate of oxygen release assuming 10% of...constitute a substantial fraction of sedimentary organic...formation by vegetation fires may be important...from soils becoming airborne by wind erosion...

Thomas A. J. Kuhlbusch

1998-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

263

Carbon Capture Research and Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Center Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Research Institute of Innovative Energy Carbon Capture Research and Development Carbon capture and storage from fossil-based power...

264

Carbon Trust | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

company funded by the UK government to help business and the public sector cut carbon emissions and capture the commercial potential of low carbon technologies....

265

Pacific Northwest rangeland carbon sequestration.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This paper models the supply curve of carbon sequestration on Pacific Northwest rangelands. Rangeland managers have the ability to sequester carbon in agricultural soils by… (more)

Wiggins, Seth T.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

CARBON SEQUESTRATION STRATEGIES FOR CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GEOLOGIC CARBON SEQUESTRATION STRATEGIES FOR CALIFORNIA: REPORT TO THE LEGISLATURE Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (WESTCARB) studies that we used, including Cameron Downey

267

Carbon nanotubes for organic electronics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis investigated the use of carbon nanotubes as active components in solution processible organic semiconductor devices. We investigated the use of functionalized carbon nanotubes… (more)

Goh, Roland Ghim Siong

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Building Program Building Program Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDP/EC Climate Change Capacity Building Program Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, -TNA, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment Website http://www.lowemissiondevelopm

269

Beyond limits and efficiency, what? Assessing developments in EU water policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper documents a transformation of EU water policy from a standard-based approach towards a more diverse policy combining ecological, economic and social elements with an emphasis on institutional and participatory aspects. This is marked in a new Water Framework Directive. Analysis is supported by a theoretical discussion of different approaches to sustainability and recognition of the deadlock of an ecological limit vs. economic efficiency dichotomy. While an approach originating from works in institutional and ecological economics and emphasising processes, justice and collective decisions seems to break this impasse, it is not without its own conceptual problems.

Giorgos Kallis

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

IMPACCT: Carbon Capture Technology  

SciTech Connect

IMPACCT Project: IMPACCT’s 15 projects seek to develop technologies for existing coal-fired power plants that will lower the cost of carbon capture. Short for “Innovative Materials and Processes for Advanced Carbon Capture Technologies,” the IMPACCT Project is geared toward minimizing the cost of removing carbon dioxide (CO2) from coal-fired power plant exhaust by developing materials and processes that have never before been considered for this application. Retrofitting coal-fired power plants to capture the CO2 they produce would enable greenhouse gas reductions without forcing these plants to close, shifting away from the inexpensive and abundant U.S. coal supply.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Trading Water for Carbon with Biological Carbon Sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trading Water for Carbon with Biological Carbon Sequestration Robert B. Jackson,1 * Esteban G. Farley,1 David C. le Maitre,5 Bruce A. McCarl,6 Brian C. Murray7 Carbon sequestration strategies plantations feature prominently among tools for carbon sequestration (1­8). Plantations typi- cally combine

Nacional de San Luis, Universidad

272

Accelerated Carbonation of Brucite in Mine Tailings for Carbon Sequestration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Atmospheric CO2 is sequestered within ultramafic mine tailings via carbonation of Mg-bearing minerals. ... If carbonation of bulk tailings were accelerated, large mines may have the capacity to sequester millions of tonnes of CO2 annually, offsetting mine emissions. ... A Greenhouse-Scale Photosynthetic Microbial Bioreactor for Carbon Sequestration in Magnesium Carbonate Minerals ...

Anna L. Harrison; Ian M. Power; Gregory M. Dipple

2012-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

273

Cumulative Carbon and Just Allocation of the Global Carbon Commons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cumulative Carbon and Just Allocation of the Global Carbon Commons R.T. Pierrehumbert* Abstract statistic, called cumulative carbon. This statistic is the aggregate amount ofcarbon emitted in theform such activitiespersist.In thispaper the conceptis usedto addressthe question offair allocation of carbon emissions

Pierrehumbert, Raymond

274

International Conference on Carbon Nanotechnology: Potential and Challenges (Carbon 10)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Conference on Carbon Nanotechnology: Potential and Challenges (Carbon 10) 15 - 17th Since the discovery of the carbon nanotube (CNT) about two decades ago, research related to its of Materials and Process Engineering Kanpur Chapter hosted the `International Conference on Carbon

Srivastava, Kumar Vaibhav

275

Energy Risk Management with Carbon Assets Julien Chevallier*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme. In a stylized exercise, we compute returns, standard deviations as part of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS)1 , present very peculiar characteristics

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

276

Carbon nanotubes : synthesis, characterization, and applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fibers, carbon nanotubes, and carbon capsule structures canand multi-walled nanotubes and carbon fiber, and occurs withMulti- walled carbon nanotubes”, Carbon, v.43, pp.2608-2617,

Deck, Christian Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Contribution of human capital to economic growth from the education policy point of view – empirical analysis for EU economies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Our research presented in this article is based on the macroeconomics background and addresses the following two questions in case of 27 EU-member states: 1) 'To what extent does education contribute to human capital?'; 2) 'What is the contribution of human capital to economic growth?' The main part of the article is empirical analysis that consists from: 1) the empirical estimates on the amount of human capital for EU27; 2) the empirical estimation about the contribution of human capital to economic growth for EU27; 3) the empirical analysis on relationship between the contribution of human capital to economic growth and the amount of public expenditure on education. We find the 5.14% of GDP as the amount of public spending on education that maximises the contribution of human capital to economic growth.

Matjaz Novak; Primoz Dolenc; Igor Stubelj; Mateja Jerman

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Ecological improvement and sustainable development in European skiing resorts by adapting the EU-Eco-Audit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The range of environmental problems in European skiing resorts caused by winter sports, agriculture and summer tourism are all well known. The issues and management challenges relate to sensitive ecological conditions, construction activities, deficiencies in visitor management and an land use conflicts during summer. One new approach to manage these problems is the EU-Eco-Audit. In test sites in Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Austria a successful adaptation of the EU-Eco-Audit framework to ski resorts has been developed. The implementation of the Audit framework at these test sites led to positive effects concerning visitor and ecological management. One influencing factor for the future development is the positive public image concerning environmental aspects. Crucial to the implementation of the Eco-Audit-framework is whether it will assist ski resorts in their competition with other destiantions for hosting international events. Finally the acceptance of the certificates or awards by skiers is discussed. It will be argued that due to the increasing relevance of information provision and marketing of wintersport destinations via the internet, the auditing or award concept contributes to a positive image of these enterprises and destinations in the market place. 2

Ulrike Pröbstl

279

Risk formulation for the sonic effects of offshore wind farms on fish in the EU region  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 2007, European leaders agreed to source 20% of their energy needs from renewable energy; since that time, offshore wind farms have been receiving attention in the European Union (EU). In 2008, the European Community submitted a proposal to the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) in order to combat marine noise pollution. In consideration of these facts, the present paper aims to deduce a preliminary hypothesis and its formulation for the effect of offshore wind farm noise on fish. The following general picture is drawn: the short-term potential impact during pre-construction; the short-term intensive impact during construction; and the physiological and/or masking effects that may occur over a long period while the wind farm is in operation. The EU’s proposal to UNEP includes noise databases that list the origins of man-made sounds; it is advisable that offshore wind farms should be listed in the noise databases in order to promote rational environment management.

Ryunosuke Kikuchi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Smart Grids in the EU with smart regulation: Experiences from the UK, Italy and Portugal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The paper describes the integration between what used to be a passive element of the energy value chain – the grid – and both upstream and downstream elements. The evolution of communications among the elements has permitted a more robust and adaptable structure that already is being implemented: the Smart Grid. The paper relates the evolution of EU policy concerning both the development and the rolling-out of solutions to exploit the potential of the Smart Grid concept and describes what has been done by the regulators of three countries that share the same goal but seek to attain it via distinct paths. The article starts with a justification of the need for more integrated networks and a definition of the Smart Grid. A second part covers the risks and difficulties of implementation within an established network, introducing the role of the regulator. The third part describes EU policy response and three different approaches by regulators in the UK, Italy and Portugal, showing how in each case policy is influenced by characteristics of their respective national electricity markets in terms of competition dynamics.

João Crispim; José Braz; Rui Castro; Jorge Esteves

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airshares eu carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Nanocrystalline BaSO{sub 4}:Eu For Dosimetry of Proton Beams  

SciTech Connect

Nanocrystalline BaSO{sub 4} doped with Eu, was prepared by the Chemical Co-precipitation method. The particle size was calculated by the broadening of the XRD peaks using Scherrer's formula with particle size around 45 nm. Samples in the form of pellets were irradiated by 150 MeV proton beam with dose range of 0.1 Gy to 325 Gy. Thermoluminescence (TL) glow curves of the irradiated samples were recorded and studied. It has been found that there are two prominent TL glow peaks at 460 K and 495 K. The TL response is sublinear below 1 Gy, linear in the range 1 Gy to 200 Gy and then becomes supralinear for higher doses. The wider linear TL response of nanocrystalline BaSO{sub 4}:Eu and low fading makes it a superior candidate as a dosimeter to be used for detecting the doses of protons for its various applications in the field of space, therapy and research.

Bahl, Shaila; Kumar, Pratik [Medical Physics Unit, IRCH, AIIMS, New Delhi-110029 (India); Lochab, S. P. [Inter-University Accelerator Center, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi - 110067 (India); Pandey, Anant [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara College, New Delhi-110021 (India); Aleynikov, V. E.; Molokanov, A. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna - 141980 (Russian Federation)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

282

EU Energy Renewables Ltd now part of DeWind | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ltd now part of DeWind Ltd now part of DeWind Jump to: navigation, search Name EU Energy (Renewables) Ltd (now part of DeWind) Place Irvine, California Zip 92614 Sector Renewable Energy Product Previously a subsidiary of EU Energy plc focused on researching renewable energy technologies, until acquisition by Composite Technology Corporation in 2006. Coordinates 41.837752°, -79.268594° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.837752,"lon":-79.268594,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

283

Controlled synthesis and optical properties of BaFBr:Eu{sup 2+} crystals via ethanol/water solutions  

SciTech Connect

Graphical abstract: A facile and cost-effective approach for the controlled synthesis of BaFBr:Eu{sup 2+} crystals is introduced. The structures and morphologies of the obtained products are affected by the amount of water and ethanol in the solvent mixtures. Highlights: ? Precipitation route for preparing BaFBr nano and micro crystals in water/ethanol solvent mixtures. ? Controlled growth of BaFBr nano crystals by tuning the volume ratio of Ethanol/water. ? Luminescence properties after annealing at 200 °C are investigated. ? Short lifetimes of photoluminescence and photostimulated luminescence in BaFBr:Eu{sup 2+} nano crystals are presented. ? Shortened lifetimes in BaFBr:Eu{sup 2+} nano crystals demonstrate that they are promising materials for use in X-ray imaging systems. -- Abstract: BaFBr:Eu{sup 2+} crystals with different structures were successfully fabricated via a simple precipitation method using ethanol/water mixtures as solvents. The amount of ethanol in the solvent mixtures played a significant role in the formation of final products, enabling the well-controlled growth of the BaFBr crystals. A possible formation mechanism was proposed based on the results of controlled experiments. The phases and morphologies of the resulting samples were systematically investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution TEM (HRTEM), selected area electron diffraction (SAED) and elementary analysis. The optical properties of the annealed BaFBr:Eu{sup 2+} nano-cuboids were investigated using photoluminescence (PL), photo-stimulated luminescence spectroscopy (PSL) and kinetic decays. Faster decay behaviors demonstrate that these BaFBr:Eu{sup 2+} phosphors are promising materials for applications in optical storage fields. Furthermore, it is envisaged that this environmentally benign method can be extended to prepare other fluoride halides.

Liang, Qinghua [Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), 29 zhongguancun East Road, Beijing 100190 (China) [Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), 29 zhongguancun East Road, Beijing 100190 (China); Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 10039 (China); Li, Zhi, E-mail: lizhi@mail.ipc.ac.cn [Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), 29 zhongguancun East Road, Beijing 100190 (China)] [Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), 29 zhongguancun East Road, Beijing 100190 (China); Ma, Wangjing; Shi, Yao [Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), 29 zhongguancun East Road, Beijing 100190 (China)] [Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), 29 zhongguancun East Road, Beijing 100190 (China); Yang, Xinmin, E-mail: xmyang@mail.ipc.ac.cn [Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), 29 zhongguancun East Road, Beijing 100190 (China)] [Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), 29 zhongguancun East Road, Beijing 100190 (China)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

284

Carbon Dioxide Capture by Absorption with Potassium Carbonate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Dioxide Capture by Absorption Carbon Dioxide Capture by Absorption with Potassium Carbonate Background Although alkanolamine solvents, such as monoethanolamine (MEA), and solvent blends have been developed as commercially-viable options for the absorption of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) from waste gases, natural gas, and hydrogen streams, further process improvements are required to cost-effectively capture CO 2 from power plant flue gas. The promotion of potassium carbonate (K

285

On the Stochastic Properties of Carbon Futures Prices Julien Chevallier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, in the wider context of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) and the price formation

286

Carbon Capture and Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main object of the carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies is the...2...emissions produced in the combustion of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, or natural gas. CCS involves first the capture of the emit...

Ricardo Guerrero-Lemus; José Manuel Martínez-Duart

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Introduction to Carbon Capture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chapters 7–9 examine nontraditional separation technologies that in the most ideal sense may be considered carbon-neutral. The topics covered in these chapters include the role that algae plays in CO2 capture, CO

Prof. Jennifer Wilcox

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Low Carbon Fuel Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

S O N I A YE H Low Carbon Fuel Standards The most direct andalternative transportation fuels is to spur innovation withstandard for upstream fuel producers. hen it comes to energy

Sperling, Dan; Yeh, Sonia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

ATK - Supersonic Carbon Capture  

SciTech Connect

ATK and ACEnt Laboratories, with the help of ARPA-E funding, have taken an aerospace problem, supersonic condensation, and turned it into a viable clean energy solution for carbon capture.

Castrogiovanni, Anthony (ACEnT Laboratories, President and CEO) [ACEnT Laboratories, President and CEO; Calayag, Bon (ATK, Program Manager) [ATK, Program Manager

2014-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

290

Carbon Capture Pilots (Kentucky)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Support for the Carbon Management Research Group (CMRG), a public/private partnership consisting of most of the Commonwealth’s utilities, the Electric Power Research Institute, the Center for...

291

Wetland (peat) Carbon Cycle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wetland (peat) Carbon Cycle Methane (CH4) is an important greenhouse gas, twenty times more potent than CO2, but atmospheric concentrations of CH4 under future climate change are...

292

Research Summary Carbon Additionality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the quality assurance of emissions reduction and carbon sequestration activities, but remains a source of much/reporting additionality rules. Technological Application of specific technology. Term Abatement arises within a specified

293

Method for synthesizing carbon nanotubes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for preparing a precursor solution for synthesis of carbon nanomaterials, where a polar solvent is added to at least one block copolymer and at least one carbohydrate compound, and the precursor solution is processed using a self-assembly process and subsequent heating to form nanoporous carbon films, porous carbon nanotubes, and porous carbon nanoparticles.

Fan, Hongyou

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

294

4, 1367, 2007 Modelling carbon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BGD 4, 13­67, 2007 Modelling carbon overconsumption and extracellular POC formation M. Schartau et carbon overconsumption and the formation of extracellular particulate organic carbon M. Schartau1 , A Correspondence to: M. Schartau (markus.schartau@gkss.de) 13 #12;BGD 4, 13­67, 2007 Modelling carbon

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

295

Black Carbon’s Properties and Role in the Environment: A Comprehensive Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

H. Can reducing black carbon emissions counteract globalinventory of black carbon emissions. Atmos. Environ. 1993,commonly studied form of carbon emissions. Black carbon (BC)

Shrestha, Gyami

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

THE EFFECTS OF FLAME TEMPERATURE, PARTICLE SIZE AND EUROPIUM DOPING CONCENTRATION ON THE PROPERTIES OF Y2O3:EU PARTICLES FORMED IN A FLAME AEROSOL PROCESS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ix LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page 1 Schematic of flame spray pyrolysis apparatus... 2 O 3 :Eu 9, 10 . A number of methods may be used to synthesize Y 2 O 3 :Eu particles, including colloidal methods 11-13 , combustion in fuel-oxidizer mixture 14 , evaporation? condensation 15, 16 , furnace spray pyrolysis 17 . Flame aerosol...

Yim, Hoon

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

297

X-Ray Storage Luminescence of BaFCl:Eu2+ Single Crystals Nomadics, Inc., 1024 South InnoVation Way, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74074  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

X-Ray Storage Luminescence of BaFCl:Eu2+ Single Crystals Wei Chen* Nomadics, Inc., 1024 South InnoVed: January 18, 2005; In Final Form: March 22, 2005 Temperature behaviors of X-ray luminescence (XL might not be oxidized to Eu3+ upon X-ray or -irradiation. Instead, the color centers, Cl excitons

Chen, Reuven

298

Japan hopes for rapid accord with EU on nuclear reactor Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi said Monday that he hopes to resolve a dispute with the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Japan hopes for rapid accord with EU on nuclear reactor 02/05/2005 Japanese Prime Minister. The 25-member EU wants ITER to be built in France, and has threatened to go it alone unless Japan drops support Japan's offer to build ITER in Rokkasho-mura, a northern Japanese village near the Pacific Ocean

299

EU, Japan call for dialogue amid row on breakthrough nuclear project The European Union and Japan each called Wednesday for dialogue among the six partners on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EU, Japan call for dialogue amid row on breakthrough nuclear project 01/12/2004 The European Union and Japan each called Wednesday for dialogue among the six partners on a multibillion-dollar nuclear energy project amid a deepening row over whether Japan or France will host the site. The EU, whose bid is backed

300

Study of fire retardant behavior of carbon nanotube membranes and carbon nanofiber paper in carbon fiber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

were incorporated onto the surface of epoxy carbon fiber composites, as proposed fire shieldsStudy of fire retardant behavior of carbon nanotube membranes and carbon nanofiber paper in carbon fiber reinforced epoxy composites Qiang Wu, Wei Zhu, Chuck Zhang *, Zhiyong Liang, Ben Wang Department

Das, Suman

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airshares eu carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Measurement of carbon capture efficiency and stored carbon leakage  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Data representative of a measured carbon dioxide (CO.sub.2) concentration and of a measured oxygen (O.sub.2) concentration at a measurement location can be used to determine whether the measured carbon dioxide concentration at the measurement location is elevated relative to a baseline carbon dioxide concentration due to escape of carbon dioxide from a source associated with a carbon capture and storage process. Optionally, the data can be used to quantify a carbon dioxide concentration increase at the first location that is attributable to escape of carbon dioxide from the source and to calculate a rate of escape of carbon dioxide from the source by executing a model of gas-phase transport using at least the first carbon dioxide concentration increase. Related systems, methods, and articles of manufacture are also described.

Keeling, Ralph F.; Dubey, Manvendra K.

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

302

NETL: Carbon Storage - Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BSCSP BSCSP Carbon Storage Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership MORE INFO Additional information related to ongoing BSCSP efforts can be found on their website. The Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership (BSCSP) is led by Montana State University-Bozeman and represents a coalition of more than 60 organizations including universities, national laboratories, private companies, state agencies, Native American tribes, and international collaborators. The partners are engaged in several aspects of BSCSP projects and contribute to the efforts to deploy carbon storage projects in the BSCSP region. The BSCSP region encompasses Montana, Wyoming, Idaho, South Dakota, and eastern Washington and Oregon. BSCSP Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership Region Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership Region

303

Chemically modified carbonic anhydrases useful in carbon capture systems  

SciTech Connect

The present disclosure relates to chemically modified carbonic anhydrase polypeptides and soluble compositions, homogenous liquid formulations comprising them. The chemically modified carbonic anhydrase polypeptides have improved properties relative to the same carbonic anhydrase polypeptide that is not chemically modified including the improved properties of increased activity and/or stability in the presence of amine compounds, ammonia, or carbonate ion. The present disclosure also provides methods of preparing the chemically modified polypeptides and methods of using the chemically modified polypeptides for accelerating the absorption of carbon dioxide from a gas stream into a solution as well as for the release of the absorbed carbon dioxide for further treatment and/or sequestering.

Novick, Scott; Alvizo, Oscar

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

304

Chemically modified carbonic anhydrases useful in carbon capture systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present disclosure relates to chemically modified carbonic anhydrase polypeptides and soluble compositions, homogenous liquid formulations comprising them. The chemically modified carbonic anhydrase polypeptides have improved properties relative to the same carbonic anhydrase polypeptide that is not chemically modified including the improved properties of increased activity and/or stability in the presence of amine compounds, ammonia, or carbonate ion. The present disclosure also provides methods of preparing the chemically modified polypeptides and methods of using the chemically modified polypeptides for accelerating the absorption of carbon dioxide from a gas stream into a solution as well as for the release of the absorbed carbon dioxide for further treatment and/or sequestering.

Novick, Scott J; Alvizo, Oscar

2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

305

NETL: Carbon Dioxide 101 FAQs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is carbon dioxide? is carbon dioxide? CO2 Dipole Carbon Dioxide Carbon dioxide (chemical name CO2) is a clear gas composed of one atom of carbon (C) and two atoms of oxygen (O). Carbon dioxide is one of many chemical forms of carbon on the Earth. It does not burn, and in standard temperature and pressure conditions it is stable, inert, and non-toxic. Carbon dioxide occurs naturally in small amounts (about 0.04%) in the Earth's atmosphere. The volume of CO2 in the atmosphere is equivalent to one individual in a crowd of 2,500. Carbon dioxide is produced naturally by processes deep within the Earth. This CO2 can be released at the surface by volcanoes or might be trapped in natural underground geologic CO2 deposits, similar to underground deposits of oil and natural gas. As a major greenhouse gas, CO2 helps create and

306

Synthesis and bio-functionalization of multifunctional magnetic Fe3O4@Y2O3:Eu nanocomposites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synthesis and bio-functionalization of multifunctional magnetic Fe3O4@Y2O3:Eu nanocomposites Zhi Ya for the synthesis of multifunctional, magnetic, luminescent nanocomposites with Fe3O4 nanoparticles as the core is independent of particle size and hence mono- dispersity is less crucial, leading to lower synthesis costs

Hammock, Bruce D.

307

A Top-down and Bottom-up look at Emissions Abatement in Germany in response to the EU ETS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper uses top-down trend analysis and a bottom-up power sector model to define upper and lower boundaries on abatement in Germany in the first phase of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (2005-2007). Long-term trend ...

Feilhauer, Stephan M. (Stephan Marvin)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

P\\procedure\\EU#7 Page 1 of 2 TITLE: PROCEDURE FOR RECORDING AND TRANSMITTING METER READINGS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

P\\procedure\\EU#7 Page 1 of 2 TITLE: PROCEDURE FOR RECORDING AND TRANSMITTING METER READINGS FOR NEW METER SETS, METER REPLACEMENTS AND WHEN THE ACCOUNTABILITY FOR THE METERS USAGE CHANGES OBJECTIVE AND PURPOSE: To provide a timely and accurate method of capturing meter readings when a meter is changed out

Fernandez, Eduardo

309

REFUEL: an EU road map for biofuels , E. Deurwaarder and S. Lensink, ECN policy Studies, the Netherlands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REFUEL: an EU road map for biofuels M. Londo1 , E. Deurwaarder and S. Lensink, ECN policy Studies), Poland K. Könighofer, Joanneum Research, Austria Abstract A successful mid-term development of biofuels calls for a robust road map. REFUEL assesses inter alia least-cost biofuel chain options, their benefits

310

Fair Weather Friends or Pillars of Support: Assessing the Sources of Legitimacy of EU Governance Among the Public Across Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of national institutions and priorities shaping the European Union’s response to the current fiscal and economic crisis flowing from the global “Great Recession”, is a growing concern for policy makers and scholars alike regarding the legitimacy of the EU...

Bastin, Mariah Margareta

2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

311

National Assembly for Wales Enterprise, Innovation and Networks Committee and Environment Planning and Countryside Committee Consultation on EU  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) and of Integrated Coastal Zone Management. In the face of sustainability challenges, an integrated EU maritime generally, and sustainable energy supply). Need: ecological, legal, political and economic factors all: a European Vision for the oceans and seas RESPONSE FROM CENTRE FOR ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL LAW AND ECONOMICS

Martin, Ralph R.

312

Calculation of electron densities for EuI 4f 7(8 S)6s7s  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using the non-relativistic Hartree-Fock computer code of Froese Fischer, calculations have been performed for all terms of the configuration 4f 7(8 S)6s7s of EuI. The results are c...

P. Aufmuth

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Extraction of Am and Eu with N,N?-substituted pyridine-2,6-dicarboxamides in fluorinated diluents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Extraction of Am and Eu with N,N?-substituted pyridine-2,6-dicarboxamides in fluorinated diluents was studied. N,N?-Diethyl-N,N?-di(p-tolyl)pyridine-2,6-dicarboxamide (EtTPDA) is readily soluble in fluorinated di...

V. A. Babain; M. Yu. Alyapyshev; I. V. Smirnov; A. Yu. Shadrin

314

"Japan and the EU in the global economy -challenges and opportunities" Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"Japan and the EU in the global economy - challenges and opportunities" Bruegel Graduate School and financial linkages between Europe and Japan: new evidence and scope for improvement André Sapir, Senior of Economics, Kobe University; Senior Research Fellow, Policy Research Institute, Ministry of Finance, Japan

Banbara, Mutsunori

315

EU marketing authorization review of orphan and non-orphan drugs does not differ  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Marketing authorization application dossiers of 17 orphan drugs (ODs) and 51 non-ODs evaluated by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) in the period 2009–2010 were compared. We aimed to identify whether any differences existed between \\{ODs\\} and non-ODs in number and type of deficits brought forward during the EMA review, regarding the clinical development plan, clinical outcome and medical need and studied whether these deficits were similarly associated with marketing approval in the EU. In 71% of the \\{ODs\\} dossiers and 65% of the non-ODs dossiers marketing approval was granted. Differences in deficits were found, but similarities in the way \\{ODs\\} and non-ODs were reviewed and marketing approval decisions were taken, underline that regulatory standards are equally high.

M. Putzeist; A.K. Mantel-Teeuwisse; J. Llinares; C.C. Gispen-De Wied; A.W. Hoes; H.G.M. Leufkens

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Development of EU (European Union) energy market agenda and security of supply  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The paper critically discusses the reform of the energy sector in the European Union from the beginnings of the liberalisation processes in 1996 until present. Through EU energy policies and relevant legislation the goals to achieve are sustainable development, security of supply and competitiveness, together with focussing on the needs of customers. The paper analyses all three above-mentioned pillars and customer protection requirements from the viewpoint: customers should have high quality energy delivered at affordable prices. We call for competitiveness to be further underlined by the market. Despite some concerns related to market models, with the latest impetus from the European institutions the market will, and is able to, develop and to integrate also renewable sources. Where the market does not deliver sufficiently, regulators have to ensure customer protection, especially for vulnerable customers in a period of increasing prices.

Marko Sencar; Viljem Pozeb; Tina Krope

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Carbon Trading Protocols for Geologic Sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

H. , 2005, IPCC: Carbon Capture and Storage: Technical05CH11231. INTRODUCTION Carbon capture and storage (CCS)Development Mechanism CCS: Carbon Capture and Storage C02e:

Hoversten, Shanna

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

The Social Carbon Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon Company Jump to: navigation, search Name: The Social Carbon Company Place: Brasilia, Distrito Federal (Brasilia), Brazil Zip: CEP 70610-440 Sector: Carbon, Services Product:...

319

Carbon Nanohoops: Molecular Templates for Precision Nanotube...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

build carbon-ring "nanohoops," molecular building blocks for the formation of carbon nanotubes. Carbon nanohoops might serve as seeds, or templates, for the efficient and...

320

Electrochemical implications of defects in carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Hollow Carbon Nanotubes . . . . . . 4.3.2.1 IncreasingThe electrochemistry of carbon nanotubes. Journal of Thethe sidewalls of carbon nanotubes. Journal of the American

Hoefer, Mark

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airshares eu carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Thermal Management Using Carbon Nanotubes - Energy Innovation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thermal Management Using Carbon Nanotubes Oak Ridge National Laboratory Contact ORNL About This Technology Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes...

322

A cell nanoinjector based on carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

based on carbon nanotubes Xing Chen *|| , Andras Kis †|| ,that uses carbon nanotubes to deliver cargo into cells. Astrength (2, 3), carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are ideal nanoscale

Chen, Xing; Kis, Andras; Zettl, Alex; Bertozzi, Carolyn R.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Electron transport through single carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

through single carbon nanotubes G. Chai Apollo Technologies,aligned multi-wall carbon nanotubes (CNT). Embedding of CNTsuse of fiber coated carbon nanotubes makes the handling of

Chai, G

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Ultrafast Nonlinear Spectroscopy of Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exciton binding energies in carbon nanotubes from two-photonExciton binding energies in carbon nanotubes from two-photonoptical transition energies of carbon nanotubes: the role of

Graham, Matthew Werden

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Equinox Carbon Equities LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Equities, LLC Place: Newport Beach, California Zip: 92660 Sector: Carbon Product: Investment firm focused on carbon trading References: Equinox Carbon Equities, LLC1 This...

326

Carbon Trust Investments Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ltd Place: United Kingdom Sector: Carbon Product: UK-based venture capital investment division of The Carbon Trust. References: Carbon Trust Investments Ltd1 This...

327

Carbon Nanotubes: Bearing Stress Like Never Before  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hart, A.J. (2013). Carbon Nanotubes: Present and Futureproduction of carbon nanotubes, and can be used to producesynthesized properly, and carbon nanotubes are no exception.

Limaye, Aditya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Electrochemical implications of defects in carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

parameters. Fullerenes, Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures,in Hollow Carbon Nanotubes . . . . . . 4.3.2.1 Increasingmigration in graphite and carbon nanotubes. Chemical Physics

Hoefer, Mark

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Carbon Nanotube and Graphene Nanoelectromechanical Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon Nanotubes on the2.4 Static Deformation of Carbon Nanotubes . . . . . .3.2 Field Emission from Carbon Nanotubes: Electrostatics

Aleman, Benjamin Jose

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Defects and Disorder in Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Perebeinos, V. (2008) Carbon Nanotubes 111 423. Bachilo, S.M. & Mceuen, P. L. (2008) Carbon Nanotubes 111 Biro, L. P. ,sectional structure of carbon nanotubes. Fullerenes '96.

Collins, Philip G

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Electron transport through single carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transport through single carbon nanotubes G. Chai Apolloaligned multi-wall carbon nanotubes (CNT). Embedding of CNTsuse of fiber coated carbon nanotubes makes the handling of

Chai, G

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

How Carbon Capture Works | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

past two decades. Carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) -- also referred to as carbon capture, utilization and sequestration -- is a process that captures carbon dioxide...

333

Participatory Carbon Monitoring: Operational Guidance for National...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Participatory Carbon Monitoring: Operational Guidance for National REDD+ Carbon Accounting Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Participatory Carbon...

334

Universal Carbon Credits Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Universal Carbon Credits Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name: Universal Carbon Credits Limited Place: London, England, United Kingdom Zip: EC3A6DF Sector: Carbon Product:...

335

Carbon nanotubes : synthesis, characterization, and applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

around Surface-Attached Carbon Nanotubes. Ind. Eng. Chem.the flexural rigidity of carbon nanotube ensembles. AppliedNanotechnology in Carbon Materials. Acta Metallurgica, 1997.

Deck, Christian Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Distributed Energy Resources for Carbon Emissions Mitigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Resources for Carbon Emissions Mitigation RyanEnergy Resources for Carbon Emissions Mitigation Ryanand/or site-attributable carbon emissions at commercial and

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

GS Carbon Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name: GS Carbon Corporation Place: New York, New York Zip: 10119 Sector: Carbon Product: The company offsets emissions output with carbon credits through the...

338

BNL | Carbon Cycle Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Carbon Cycle Science & Technology Group aims to increase understanding The Carbon Cycle Science & Technology Group aims to increase understanding of the impacts of global change on managed and unmanaged ecosystems and improve knowledge of possible global change mitigation approaches. The group has three main focus areas. FACE Climate Change Experimental Facility Design and Management The CCS&T group is an internationally recognized leader in the development of Free Air CO2 Enrichment (FACE) research facilities. We are interested in the design and management of manipulative experiments that examine the effects of carbon dioxide, ozone, other atmospheric pollutants, temperature and precipitation on natural and managed ecosystems. FACE Plant Physiology and High Throughput Biochemical Phenotyping At FACE facilities we have studied the mechanisms that underlie the

339

Carbon Sequestration 101  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Perspectives on Carbon Capture and Storage Perspectives on Carbon Capture and Storage - Directions, Challenges, and Opportunities Thomas J. Feeley, III National Energy Technology Laboratory Carbon Capture and Storage November 13-15, 2007 Austin, Texas C Capture & Storage, Austin, TX Nov. 13-15, 2007 U.S. Fossil Fuel Reserves / Production Ratio 250+ Year Supply at Current Demand Levels ! 258 11.7 9.7 0 100 200 300 Coal Oil Natural Gas Anthracite & Bituminous Sub- Bituminous & Lignite Sources: BP Statistical Review, June 2004, - for coal reserves data - World Energy Council; EIA, Advance Summary U.S. Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural Gas Liquids Reserves, 2003 Annual Report, September 22, 2004 - for oil and gas reserves data. C Capture & Storage, Austin, TX Nov. 13-15, 2007 80 120 160 200 240 1970 1975 1980

340

Carbon Storage Review 2012  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sequestration Options in the Illinois Basin - Phase III DE-FC26-05NT42588 Robert J. Finley and the MGSC Project Team Illinois State Geological Survey (University of Illinois) and Schlumberger Carbon Services U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Carbon Storage R&D Project Review Meeting Developing the Technologies and Building the Infrastructure for CO 2 Storage August 21-23, 2012 * The Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium is funded by the U.S. Department of Energy through the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) via the Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Program (contract number DE-FC26-05NT42588) and by a cost share agreement with the Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity, Office of Coal Development through the Illinois Clean Coal

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airshares eu carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

RMOTC - Testing - Carbon Management  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Management Carbon Management Ten Sleep Time Structure, 2nd Wall Creek Formation at RMOTC Notice: As of July 15th 2013, the Department of Energy announced the intent to sell Naval Petroleum Reserve Number 3 (NPR3). The sale of NPR-3 will also include the sale of all equipment and materials onsite. A decision has been made by the Department of Energy to complete testing at RMOTC by July 1st, 2014. RMOTC will complete testing in the coming year with the currently scheduled testing partners. For more information on the sale of NPR-3 and sale of RMOTC equipment and materials please join our mailing list here. RMOTC has the field setting, infrastructure, and expertise to play an important role in carbon management testing, demonstration, and research. The unique combination of a publicly-owned and DOE-operated oil field,

342

Success Stories: Carbon Explorer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LBNL Device Monitors Ocean Carbon LBNL Device Monitors Ocean Carbon Imagine waking up each morning and discovering that twenty percent of all plants in your garden had disappeared over night. They had been eaten. Equally astonishing would be the discovery in the afternoon that new plants had taken their place. This is the norm of life in the ocean. Without the ability to accurately observe these daily changes in ocean life cycles, over vast spatial scales, we lack the ability to predict how the ocean will respond to rising CO2 levels, crippling our ability to develop accurate models of global warming or devise strategies to prevent it. The Carbon Explorer, conceived by Berkeley Lab's James K. Bishop in collaboration with Scripps Institution of Oceanography (La Jolla, California) and WET labs, Inc. (Philomath, Oregon), bridges this

343

Carbon Materials Breakout Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Breakout Group Process Materials Breakout Group Process * Day 2, Thursday - Review results of Day 1 and modify if needed - Identify critical R&D needs - Outline R&D plan with key milestones - Report results to plenary Carbon Materials Breakout Group * Key Results - Target: get the science right to engineer carbon materials for hydrogen storage * Integrate theory, experiment, engineering * Understand mechanisms, effects, and interactions ranging from physisorption to chemisorption - Theory * Provide "directional" guidance for experiments (and vice- versa) * Provide baseline theory to elucidate parameters affecting the number and type of binding sites and the heat of their interaction with H2 (∆H ) for a broad range of (highly) modified carbon materials

344

Energy performances of intensive and extensive short rotation cropping systems for woody biomass production in the EU  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract One of the strategies to ensure energy security and to mitigate climate change in the European Union (EU) is the establishment and the use of short rotation woody crops (SRWCs) for the production of renewable energy. \\{SRWCs\\} are cultivated in the EU under different management systems. Addressing the energy security problems through \\{SRWCs\\} requires management systems that maximize the net energy yield per unit land area. We assembled and evaluated on-farm data from within the EU, (i) to understand the relationship between the SRWC yields and spatial distribution of precipitation, as well as the relationship between SRWC yield and the planting density, and (ii) to investigate whether extensively managed SRWC systems are more energy efficient than their intensively managed counterparts. We found that SRWC yield ranged from 1.3 to 24 t ha?1 y?1 (mean 9.3±4.2 t ha?1 y?1) across sites. We looked for, but did not find a relationship between yield and annual precipitation as well as between yield and planting density. The energy inputs of extensively managed SRWC systems ranged from 3 to 8 GJ ha?1 y?1 whereas the energy ratio (i.e. energy output to energy input ratio) varied from 9 to 29. Although energy inputs (3–16 GJ ha?1y?1) were larger in most cases than those of extensively managed SRWC systems, intensively managed SRWC systems in the EU had higher energy ratios, i.e. between 15 and 62. The low energy ratio of extensively managed SRWC systems reflected their lower biomass yield per unit area. Switching from intensively managed SRWC systems to extensively managed ones thus creates an energy gap, and will require more arable land to be brought into production to compensate for the yield loss. Consequently, extensification is not the most appropriate path to the success of the wide scale deployment of SRWC for bioenergy production in the EU.

S. Njakou Djomo; A. Ac; T. Zenone; T. De Groote; S. Bergante; G. Facciotto; H. Sixto; P. Ciria Ciria; J. Weger; R. Ceulemans

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Authigenic Carbonate and the History of the Global Carbon Cycle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Earth's surface reservoirs ({delta} 13 C...of carbonate rocks. In either case, this...history when the porosity and permeability of...track the bulk rock {delta} 13...of carbonate rocks...sedimentary reservoirs does...

Daniel P. Schrag; John. A. Higgins; Francis A. Macdonald; David T. Johnston

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Development of carbon-carbon composites from solvent extracted pitch  

SciTech Connect

There are several methods used to fabricate carbon-carbon composites. One used extensively in the fabrication of aerospace components such as rocket nozzles and reentry vehicle nosetips, as well as commercial components for furnace fixturing and glass manufacturing, is the densification of a woven preform with molten pitch, and the subsequent conversion of the pitch to graphite through heat treatment. Two types of pitch are used in this process; coal tar pitch and petroleum pitch. The objective of this program was to determine if a pitch produced by the direct extraction of coal could be used as a substitute for these pitches in the fabrication of carbon-carbon composites. The program involved comparing solvent extracted pitch with currently accepted pitches and rigidizing a carbon-carbon preform with solvent extracted pitch for comparison with carbon-carbon fabricated with currently available pitch.

NONE

1996-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

347

Carbon Capture and Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SECARB's SECARB's Mississippi SalineTest Site: A Field Project Update Robert C. Trautz (rtrautz@epri.com) Electric Power Research Institute Senior Project Manager DOE Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Annual Review Meeting October 6-8, 2008 Pittsburgh, PA 2 1. Introduction 2. Well Drilling & Completion 3. Reservoir Characterization 4. CO 2 Injection Operations 5. Monitoring and Verification Outline 3 Key Organizations and Acknowledgments SOUTHERN STATES ENERGY BOARD Dr. Gerald (Jerry) R. Hill OTHER FIELD PROJECTS AND SUPPORTING ACTIVITIES * Advanced Resources * Alabama Geological Survey/ SCS * Gulf Coast Carbon Center (TXBEG) * EPRI * Virginia Tech University * Mississippi State University * Others Richard Esposito MISSISSIPPI POWER CO. Rick Berry Richard (Dick) Rhudy Robert (Rob) Trautz

348

Carbon Capture and Storage  

SciTech Connect

Carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) is the long-term isolation of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere through physical, chemical, biological, or engineered processes. This includes a range of approaches including soil carbon sequestration (e.g., through no-till farming), terrestrial biomass sequestration (e.g., through planting forests), direct ocean injection of CO{sub 2} either onto the deep seafloor or into the intermediate depths, injection into deep geological formations, or even direct conversion of CO{sub 2} to carbonate minerals. Some of these approaches are considered geoengineering (see the appropriate chapter herein). All are considered in the 2005 special report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 2005). Of the range of options available, geological carbon sequestration (GCS) appears to be the most actionable and economic option for major greenhouse gas reduction in the next 10-30 years. The basis for this interest includes several factors: (1) The potential capacities are large based on initial estimates. Formal estimates for global storage potential vary substantially, but are likely to be between 800 and 3300 Gt of C (3000 and 10,000 Gt of CO{sub 2}), with significant capacity located reasonably near large point sources of the CO{sub 2}. (2) GCS can begin operations with demonstrated technology. Carbon dioxide has been separated from large point sources for nearly 100 years, and has been injected underground for over 30 years (below). (3) Testing of GCS at intermediate scale is feasible. In the US, Canada, and many industrial countries, large CO{sub 2} sources like power plants and refineries lie near prospective storage sites. These plants could be retrofit today and injection begun (while bearing in mind scientific uncertainties and unknowns). Indeed, some have, and three projects described here provide a great deal of information on the operational needs and field implementation of CCS. Part of this interest comes from several key documents written in the last three years that provide information on the status, economics, technology, and impact of CCS. These are cited throughout this text and identified as key references at the end of this manuscript. When coupled with improvements in energy efficiency, renewable energy supplies, and nuclear power, CCS help dramatically reduce current and future emissions (US CCTP 2005, MIT 2007). If CCS is not available as a carbon management option, it will be much more difficult and much more expensive to stabilize atmospheric CO{sub 2} emissions. Recent estimates put the cost of carbon abatement without CCS to be 30-80% higher that if CCS were to be available (Edmonds et al. 2004).

Friedmann, S

2007-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

349

Low Cost Carbon Fiber Production Carbon Fiber Manufacturing Cost Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Low Cost Carbon Fiber Production Carbon Fiber Manufacturing Cost Modeling Oak Ridge National fiber reinforced composites have enjoyed limited acceptance in the automotive industry due to high costs to bond with composite matrix material. It is important that a carbon fiber manufacturing cost model

350

ISSUES IN EVALUATING CARBON SEQUESTRATION AND ATTRIBUTING CARBON CREDITS TO GRASSLAND RESTORATION EFFORTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ISSUES IN EVALUATING CARBON SEQUESTRATION AND ATTRIBUTING CARBON CREDITS TO GRASSLAND RESTORATION examines biological carbon sequestration using a grassland restoration as a model system. Chapter 1 for biological carbon sequestration. In this analysis, we found that significantly greater soil carbon

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

351

Carbon Jungle | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jungle Jungle Jump to: navigation, search Name Carbon Jungle Place El Segundo, California Zip 90246 Sector Carbon Product Carbon Jungle's mission is to decrease CO2 in the atmosphere by planting and managing tree plantations, increasing awareness of the facts behind increased CO2 in the atmosphere, and giving companies a means to participate in carbon credit trading. References Carbon Jungle[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Carbon Jungle is a company located in El Segundo, California . References ↑ "Carbon Jungle" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Carbon_Jungle&oldid=343237" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations

352

Organic modification of carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The organic modification of carbon nanotubes is a novel research field being developed ... and newest progress of organic modification of carbon nanotubes are reviewed from two aspects: organic covalent modificat...

Luqi Liu; Zhixin Guo; Liming Dai; Daoben Zhu

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Irradiation Stability of Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ion irradiation of carbon nanotubes is a tool that can be used to achieve modification of the structure. Irradiation stability of carbon nanotubes was studied by ion and electron bombardment of the samples. Different ion species at various energies...

Aitkaliyeva, Assel

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

354

Asset Carbon | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon Place: United Kingdom Product: UK-based startup looking to invest in CDMJI projects. References: Asset Carbon1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding...

355

Forests, carbon and global climate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...through fossil-fuel combustion and land-use change...Atmosphere analysis Biomass Carbon metabolism Carbon...through fossil-fuel combustion and land-use change...during fossil fuel and biomass combustion and the release of ammo...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Rerouting Carbon Flux To Enhance Photosynthetic Productivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ethanol production. Energy Environ. Sci. 2...Redalje. 2007. CO2 mitigation and renewable oil from photosynthetic...a new appraisal. Mitigation Adapt. Strategies Global...Cost-effectiveness analysis of algae energy production in the EU...

Daniel C. Ducat; J. Abraham Avelar-Rivas; Jeffrey C. Way; Pamela A. Silver

2012-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

357

Carbon smackdown: wind warriors  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

July 16. 2010 carbon smackdown summer lecture: learn how Berkeley Lab scientists are developing wind turbines to be used in an urban setting, as well as analyzing what it will take to increase the adoption of wind energy in the U.S.

Glen Dahlbacka of the Accelerator & Fusion Research Division and Ryan Wiser of the Environmental Energy Technologies Division are the speakers.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Carbon-Fuelled Future  

SciTech Connect

Whether due to changes in policy or consumption of available fossil fuels, alternative sources of energy will be required, especially given the rising global energy demand. However, one of the main factors limiting the widespread utilization of renewable energy, such as wind, solar, wave or geothermal, is our ability to store energy. Storage of energy from carbon-neutral sources, such as electricity from solar or wind, can be accomplished through many routes. One approach is to store energy in the form of chemical bonds, as fuels. The conversion of low-energy compounds, such as water and carbon dioxide, to higher energy molecules, such as hydrogen or carbon-based fuels, enables the storage of carbon-neutral energy on a very large scale. The author¹s work in this area is supported by the US Department of Energy Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy.

Appel, Aaron M.

2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

359

CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSION REDUCTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.5 Primary Energy Use and Carbon Dioxide Emissions for Selected US Chemical Subsectors in 1994 ...............................................................................................................16 Table 2.7 1999 Energy Consumption and Specific Energy Consumption (SEC) in the U.S. Cement Efficiency Technologies and Measures in Cement Industry.................22 Table 2.9 Energy Consumption

Delaware, University of

360

Carbon Footprint Calculator  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This calculator estimates the amount of carbon emissions you and members of your household are responsible for. It does not include emissions associated with your work or getting to work if you commute by public transportation. It was developed by IEEE Spectrum magazine.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airshares eu carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

decommissioning of carbon dioxide (CO  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

decommissioning of carbon dioxide (CO decommissioning of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) storage wells. The manual builds on lessons learned through NETL research; the experiences of the Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships' (RCSPs) carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) field tests; and the acquired knowledge of industries that have been actively drilling wells for more than 100 years. In addition, the BPM provides an overview of the well-

362

Less Carbon Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Less Carbon Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Less Carbon Ltd Place: London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip: EC3M 4BT Sector: Carbon Product: Less Carbon advises energy...

363

First Carbon Fund Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

First Carbon Fund Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: First Carbon Fund Ltd Place: London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip: EC1V 9EE Sector: Carbon Product: First Carbon Fund...

364

NETL: Gasifipedia - Carbon Sequestration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Coal: SNG from Coal: Process & Commercialization: Carbon Sequestration Coal: SNG from Coal: Process & Commercialization: Carbon Sequestration Carbon sequestration, also termed carbon storage, is the permanent storage of CO2, usually in deep geologic formations. Industrially-generated CO2 -- resulting from fossil fuel combustion, gasification, and other industrial processes -- is injected as a supercritical fluid into geologic reservoirs, where it is held in place by natural traps and seals. Carbon storage is one approach to minimizing atmospheric emissions of man-made CO2. As discussed above, the main purpose of CO2 EOR such as the Weyburn Project is tertiary recovery of crude oil, but in effect substantial CO2 remains sequestered/stored as a result. Current Status of CO2 Storage CO2 storage is currently underway in the United States and around the world. Large, commercial-scale projects, like the Sleipner CO2 Storage Site in Norway and the Weyburn-Midale CO2 Project in Canada, have been injecting CO2 into geologic storage formations more than a decade. Each of these projects stores more than 1 million tons of CO2 per year. Large-scale efforts are currently underway in Africa, China, Australia, and Europe, as well. These commercial-scale projects are demonstrating that large volumes of CO2 can be safely and permanently stored. In addition, a number of smaller pilot projects are underway in different parts of the world to determine suitable locations and technologies for future long-term CO2 storage. To date, more than 200 small-scale CO2 storage projects have been carried out worldwide. A demonstration project that captures CO2 from a pulverized coal power plant and pipes it to a geologic formation for storage recently came online in Alabama.

365

Carbon Nanotubes for Data Processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon Nanotubes for Data Processing Joerg Appenzeller, T. J. Watson Research Center, IBM Research.2 Electronic Structure of Graphene 4 2.3 Electronic Structure of Carbon Nanotubes 4 2.4 Transport Properties 6 2.5 Contacts 9 3 Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes 10 3.1 Synthetic Methods 10 3.2 Growth Mechanisms 12

Joselevich, Ernesto

366

4, 99123, 2007 Amazon carbon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, suggested much larger estimates for tropical forest carbon sequestration in the Ama- zon BasinBGD 4, 99­123, 2007 Amazon carbon balanc J. Lloyd et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction Discussions is the access reviewed discussion forum of Biogeosciences An airborne regional carbon balance

Boyer, Edmond

367

Dispersion toughened silicon carbon ceramics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Fracture resistant silicon carbide ceramics are provided by incorporating therein a particulate dispersoid selected from the group consisting of (a) a mixture of boron, carbon and tungsten, (b) a mixture of boron, carbon and molybdenum, (c) a mixture of boron, carbon and titanium carbide, (d) a mixture of aluminum oxide and zirconium oxide, and (e) boron nitride. 4 figures.

Wei, G.C.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

CARBON NANOTUBE TRANSISTORS: AN EVALUATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CARBON NANOTUBE TRANSISTORS: AN EVALUATION L.C. Castro, D.L. John, and D.L. Pulfrey Department A simple, non-equilibrium model is used to evaluate the likely DC performance of carbon nanotube field and transcon- ductance close to the low-quantum-capacitance limit. Keywords: Carbon nanotubes, field

Pulfrey, David L.

369

1, 167193, 2004 Terrestrial carbon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BGD 1, 167­193, 2004 Terrestrial carbon budget at country-scale I. A. Janssens et al. Title Page Biogeosciences Discussions is the access reviewed discussion forum of Biogeosciences The carbon budget.janssens@ua.ac.be) 167 #12;BGD 1, 167­193, 2004 Terrestrial carbon budget at country-scale I. A. Janssens et al. Title

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

370

NETL: Carbon Storage - Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership MORE INFO Additional information related to ongoing SECARB efforts can be found on their website. The Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (SECARB), managed by the Southern States Energy Board (SSEB), represents a 13-State region, including Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia, and portions of Kentucky and West Virginia. SECARB is comprised of over 100 participants representing Federal and State governments, industry, academia, and non-profit organizations. Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Region Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Region The primary goal of SECARB is to develop the necessary framework and

371

Hydrogen storage in multilayer carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Multilayer carbon nanotubes obtained by pyrolysis and mechanical activation of plant-derived amorphous carbon are excellent sorbents for hydrogen.

D. V. Onishchenko; V. P. Reva; V. G. Kuryavyi

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Net carbon flux from agriculture: Carbon emissions, carbon sequestration, crop yield, and land-use change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There is a potential to sequester carbon in soil by changing agricultural management practices. ... fossil-fuel use, agricultural inputs, and the carbon emissions associated with fossil fuels and other ... with f...

Tristram O. West; Gregg Marland

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Carbon Sequestered, Carbon Displaced and the Kyoto Context  

SciTech Connect

The integrated system that embraces forest management, forest products, and land-use change impacts the global carbon cycle - and hence the net emission of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide - in four fundamental ways. Carbon is stored in living and dead biomass, carbon is stored in wood products and landfills, forest products substitute in the market place for products made from other materials, and forest harvests can be used wholly or partially to displace fossil fuels in the energy sector. Implementation of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change would result in the creation of international markets for carbon dioxide emissions credits, but the current Kyoto text does not treat all carbon identically. We have developed a carbon accounting model, GORCAM, to examine a variety of scenarios for land management and the production of forest products. In this paper we explore, for two simple scenarios of forest management, the carbon flows that occur and how these might be accounted for under the Kyoto text. The Kyoto protocol raises questions about what activities can result in emissions credits, which carbon reservoirs will be counted, who will receive the credits, and how much credit will be available? The Kyoto Protocol would sometimes give credits for carbon sequestered, but it would always give credits when fossil-fuel carbon dioxide emissions are displaced.

Marland, G.; Schlamadinger, B.

1999-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

374

Glass composition and excitation wavelength dependence of the luminescence of Eu{sup 3+} doped lead borate glass  

SciTech Connect

This work explores the relationship between the bandwidth of luminescence spectral features and their relative intensities, using glasses doped with europium, Eu{sup 3+}, over a wide composition range. Glasses of composition (B{sub 2}O{sub 3}){sub 70}(PbO){sub 29}(0.5Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3}){sub 1} and (B{sub 2}O{sub 3}){sub z}(PbO){sub 99.6-z}(0.5Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3}){sub 0.4}, (z = 20, 30, 40, 60, 70), were prepared by the melting-quenching technique. Variable-wavelength measurements by the prism-coupling method enabled interpolation of refractive index at selected wavelengths. Diffuse reflectance spectra confirmed the incorporation of Eu{sup 3+} into the glass, and scanning electron microscopy displayed that this was in a homogeneous manner. Vibrational spectra showed a change in boron coordination from BO{sub 3} to BO{sub 4} units with increase of PbO content in the glass. Multi-wavelength excited luminescence spectra were recorded for the glasses at temperatures down to 10 K and qualitative interpretations of spectral differences with change of B{sub 2}O{sub 3} content are given. The quantitative analysis of {sup 5}D{sub 0} luminescence intensity-bandwidth relations showed that although samples with higher boron content closely exhibit a simple proportional relationship with band intensity ratios, as expected from theory, the expression needs to be slightly modified for those with low boron content. The Judd-Ofelt intensity analysis of the {sup 5}D{sub 0} emission spectra under laser excitations at low temperature gives {Omega}{sub 2} values within the range from (3.9-6.5) x 10{sup -20} cm{sup 2}, and {Omega}{sub 4} in the range from (4.1-7.0) x 10{sup -20} cm{sup 2}, for different values of z. However, no clear monotonic relation was found between the parameter values and composition. The Judd-Ofelt parameters are compared with those from other systems doped with Eu{sup 3+} and are found to lie in the normal ranges for Eu{sup 3+}-doped glasses. The comparison of parameter values derived from the 10 K spectra with those from room temperature spectra for our glasses, which are fairly constant for different compositions, shows that site selection occurs at low temperature.

Wen Hongli; Duan, Chang-Kui; Jia Guohua; Tanner, Peter A. [Department of Biology and Chemistry, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon (Hong Kong); Brik, Mikhail G. [Institute of Physics, University of Tartu, Riia 142, Tartu 51014 (Estonia)

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

*** How PAN based Carbon Fibers are  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

*** How PAN based Carbon Fibers are Manufactured *** How Carbon Fiber Material Properties are Achieved *** Carbon Fiber Markets/Applications CarbonFiber AerospaceEngineeringGuestLecture: Friday as a Business Development Manager for Amoco's carbon fiber business unit (manufacturers of T-300 carbon fiber

Hu, Hui

376

6, 34193463, 2006 Black carbon or  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ACPD 6, 3419­3463, 2006 Black carbon or brown carbon M. O. Andreae and A. Gelencs´er Title Page Chemistry and Physics Discussions Black carbon or brown carbon? The nature of light-absorbing carbonaceous;ACPD 6, 3419­3463, 2006 Black carbon or brown carbon M. O. Andreae and A. Gelencs´er Title Page

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

377

Carbon Cycle 2.0  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Carbon Cycle 2.0 Carbon Cycle 2.0 Pioneering science for sustainable energy solutions Artificial Photosynthesis Energy Storage Combustion Carbon Capture & Storage Developing World Efficiency Photovoltaics Biofuels Energy Analysis Climate Modeling Carbon Cycle 2.0 is... 1. A vision for * a global energy system integrated with the Earth's natural carbon cycles * an interactive Berkeley Lab environment with a shared sense of purpose 2. A program development plan that will allow us to deepen our capabilities and provide more opportunities to have impact 3. An attempt to integrate our basic research with applications using models of technology deployment constraints 4. Set of internal activities aimed at priming the effort

378

CHARTER FOR THE CARBON SEQUESTRATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CHARTER FOR THE CARBON SEQUESTRATION CHARTER FOR THE CARBON SEQUESTRATION LEADERSHIP FORUM (CSLF): A CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE TECHNOLOGY INITIATIVE The undersigned national governmental entities (collectively the "Members") set forth the following Terms of Reference for the Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF), a framework for international cooperation in research and development for the separation, capture, transportation and storage of carbon dioxide. The CSLF will seek to realize the promise of carbon capture and storage over the coming decades, making it commercially competitive and environmentally safe. 1. Purpose of the CSLF To facilitate the development of improved cost-effective technologies for the separation and capture of carbon dioxide for its transport and long-term safe storage; to make these

379

CARBON7510.pdf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Author's personal copy Author's personal copy NMR a critical tool to study the production of carbon fiber from lignin Marcus Foston a , Grady A. Nunnery b , Xianzhi Meng a , Qining Sun a , Frederick S. Baker b , Arthur Ragauskas a, * a BioEnergy Science Center, School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Institute of Paper Science and Technology, Georgia Institute of Technology, 500 10th St., Atlanta, GA 30332, United States b Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6087, United States A R T I C L E I N F O Article history: Received 7 April 2012 Accepted 6 September 2012 Available online 14 September 2012 A B S T R A C T The structural changes occurring to hardwood Alcell TM lignin as a result of fiber devolatiliza- tion/extrusion, oxidative thermo-stabilization and carbonization are investigated in this study by solid-state and solution nuclear magnetic resonance

380

Magnetoconductance of carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As a result of the interaction between the spin and the magnetic field (B), special step structures are predicted to exist in the ballistic magnetoconductance of carbon nanotubes. The electronic structure of a carbon nanotube drastically changes from a metal (semiconductor) to a semiconductor (metal) during the variation of the magnetic flux. When the spin-B interaction is neglected, the Fermi level only touches the conductance and valence bands of a metallic nanotube. This paramagnetic interaction could make the subbands cross and intersect with the Fermi level within a certain magnetic-flux range; the ballistic magnetoconductance thus exhibits step structures. Such special structures are expected to be observable at low temperature (<1 K) and bias voltage (<0.1 mV). Moreover there exists another effect, the doping effect, which could lead to step structures even without the spin-B interaction.

M. F. Lin and Kenneth W. -K. Shung

1995-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airshares eu carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Magnetism of carbon clusters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ?-electron ring current magnetic susceptibilities and endohedral chemical shifts of the fullerenes are calculated with the London theory. The diamagnetism calculated for the fullerenes that have been characterized to date does not show a monotonic increase toward the graphite value. By carrying out calculations on high-symmetry giant fullerenes (Cn) in the size regime 100magnetic susceptibility of graphite on a per carbon basis. Endohedral chemical shifts are predicted to be invariant to cluster size, but subject to the quantum size effects seen in smaller fullerenes and metallic clusters. The fullerenes are different from the metallic clusters because the finite band gap in conjugated carbon compounds allows the diamagnetic term to dominate at large cluster size. The experimentally observed decrease in nanotube material diamagnetism with temperature is attributed to the increased importance of the Van Vleck term due to finite-temperature effects.

R. C. Haddon and Alfredo Pasquarello

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Proceedings: Cases in Sustainable Consumption and Production: Workshop of the Sustainable Consumption Research Exchange (SCORE!) Network, supported by the EU's 6th  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Proceedings: Cases in Sustainable Consumption and Production: Workshop of the Sustainable Consumption Research Exchange (SCORE!) Network, supported by the EU's 6th Framework Program, Paris, 4-5 June

383

Identification of Eu oxidation states in a doped Sr5(PO4)3F phosphor by TOF-SIMS imaging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An Eu-doped Sr5(PO4)3F phosphor with a hexagonal apatite structure was prepared by a urea assisted combustion method. There was evidence of the...

Swart, H C; Nagpure, I M; Ntwaeaborwa, O M; Fisher, G L; Terblans, J J

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Nonlinear laser spectroscopy of Eu3+:Y2SiO5 and its application to time-domain optical memory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Linear- and nonlinear-optical properties of Eu3+:Y2SiO5 have been investigated. All the energy levels of the7F0,1,2,…...

Yano, Ryuzi; Mitsunaga, Masaharu; Uesugi, Naoshi

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Study of optical parameters of the Se-As chalcogenide semiconductor system containing EuF{sub 3} impurities  

SciTech Connect

Optical properties of chalcogenide vitreous semiconductors of composition Se{sub 95}As{sub 5} containing different amounts of rare-earth metal fluorides (EuF{sub 3}) are studied, and, on this basis, the fundamental parameters, such as the refractive index and extinction coefficient, are determined. The dependences of these parameters on the content of EuF{sub 3} molecules are nonmonotonic: the low content (below 0.25 at %) aids in decreasing the parameters, whereas the high content tends to increase them. From the analysis of the results with consideration for the structural features of chalcogenide vitreous semiconductors of the Se{sub 95}As{sub 5} system (the presence of ordered high-coordinated microregions separated from each other by regions with a lower atomic density), it is concluded that the optical properties of the chalcogenide vitreous semiconductor system under study can be described in the context of Penn's model.

Isayev, A. I.; Mekhtiyeva, S. I.; Garibova, S. N., E-mail: sgaribova@rambler.ru; Alekperov, R. I.; Zeynalov, V. Z. [Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Abdullaev Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

386

The potential impacts of border tax adjustments on imports of energy-intensive goods in the EU and USA markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Government action to address climate change has been very varied and industries in the developed world, especially those that which are energy intensive, are increasingly concerned about the potential negative impacts of abatement measures on their international competitiveness. This paper looks at the potential impacts of one measure which has been proposed to address these competitiveness concerns – border tax adjustments (BTAs). It finds that the potential impacts of such measures may not justify the complexity of their imposition. The impacts on competitiveness are likely to be limited and potential negative side effects on some poor developing countries cannot be ruled out. The country most likely to be impacted by BTAs in the EU and USA markets is China, while the low-income countries most likely to be affected are Niger, Mozambique and Tadjikistan, in the EU market and Liberia, Tadjikistan, and Uzbekistan in the USA market.

Louise Curran

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Solitons in carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The symmetries of spontaneous lattice distortions in carbon nanotubes are investigated. When the degeneracy of the ground states remains discrete, there are solitons or domain walls connecting the different symmetry-broken vaccua. These solitons, similarly to the case of polyacetelene, are fractionally charged states. In addition to the topological domain walls, there are polaron states with discrete energies within the energy gap. The energies and shapes of these localized midgap states should be accessible via scanning tunneling microscopy spectroscopy.

Claudio Chamon

2000-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

388

CARBON DIOXIDE FIXATION.  

SciTech Connect

Solar carbon dioxide fixation offers the possibility of a renewable source of chemicals and fuels in the future. Its realization rests on future advances in the efficiency of solar energy collection and development of suitable catalysts for CO{sub 2} conversion. Recent achievements in the efficiency of solar energy conversion and in catalysis suggest that this approach holds a great deal of promise for contributing to future needs for fuels and chemicals.

FUJITA,E.

2000-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

389

Electrochimica Acta 52 (2007) 39653975 Elucidating differences between carbon paper and carbon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of them are carbon-fiber-based porous materials: carbon paper is non-woven, while carbon cloth is wovenElectrochimica Acta 52 (2007) 3965­3975 Elucidating differences between carbon paper and carbon the performance differences between carbon paper (CP) and carbon cloth (CC). Three-dimensional simulations, based

390

EB2012-MS-43 ADVANCES IN THE MODELLING OF CARBON/CARBON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EB2012-MS-43 ADVANCES IN THE MODELLING OF CARBON/CARBON COMPOSITE UNDER TRIBOLOGICAL CONSTRAINTS 1, homogenization, carbon ABSTRACT Thermo mechanical properties of Carbon-Carbon composite (C/C) allow them, the Carbon-Carbon composites (C/C) are materials frequently used in industrial applications such as plane

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

391

Carbon taxes and India  

SciTech Connect

Using the Indian module of the Second Generation Model 9SGM, we explore a reference case and three scenarios in which greenhouse gas emissions were controlled. Two alternative policy instruments (carbon taxes and tradable permits) were analyzed to determine comparative costs of stabilizing emissions at (1) 1990 levels (the 1 X case), (2) two times the 1990 levels (the 2X case), and (3) three times the 1990 levels (the 3X case). The analysis takes into account India`s rapidly growing population and the abundance of coal and biomass relative to other fuels. We also explore the impacts of a global tradable permits market to stabilize global carbon emissions on the Indian economy under the following two emissions allowance allocation methods: (1) {open_quotes}Grandfathered emissions{close_quotes}: emissions allowances are allocated based on 1990 emissions. (2) {open_quotes}Equal per capita emissions{close_quotes}: emissions allowances are allocated based on share of global population. Tradable permits represent a lower cost method to stabilize Indian emissions than carbon taxes, i.e., global action would benefit India more than independent actions.

Fisher-Vanden, K.A.; Pitcher, H.M.; Edmonds, J.A.; Kim, S.H. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Shukla, P.R. [Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad (India)

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

High-resolution core-level photoemission study of Eu-induced (3×2)?(3×4) reconstruction on Ge(111)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have investigated Eu-induced Ge(111)-(3×2)?(3×4) reconstruction by high-resolution core-level photoelectron spectroscopy using synchrotron radiation and low-energy electron diffraction. Recent scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) observations [Phys. Rev. B 73, 125332 (2006)] revealed that the Ge arrangement of this reconstruction can be well described in terms of the honeycomb chain-channel (HCC) geometry proposed earlier for metal/Si(111)-(3×1) and -(3×2) surfaces; the Eu atoms, however, were found to reside at two different adsorption sites in the Eu?Ge(111)-(3×2)?(3×4) reconstruction, in contrast to the equivalent adsorption sites (e.g., T4) occupied in the case of Si. The present photoemission results provide further information about the atomic arrangement of Eu?Ge(111)-(3×2)?(3×4). In particular, we show that the Ge 3d core-level data cannot be interpreted by the HCC structure with the Eu atoms adsorbed only on T4 sites, giving a spectroscopic support for the suggestions based on the earlier STM data. We consider here a modified HCC-based configuration for the Eu?Ge(111)-(3×2)?(3×4) surface where the Eu atoms occupy two different sites in the empty channel between the neighboring Ge honeycomb chains. The atomic models are discussed in the context of the Ge 3d and Eu 4f data as well as the previous results available in the literature. Finally, we propose a structural model that allows us to account for the present photoemission and earlier STM findings.

M. Kuzmin; R. E. Perälä; P. Laukkanen; M. Ahola-Tuomi; I. J. Väyrynen

2006-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

393

Structural phase transitions in EuFe[subscript 2]As[subscript 2] superconductor at low temperatures and high pressures  

SciTech Connect

The crystal structure of EuFe{sub 2}As{sub 2} has been studied up to a pressure of 35 GPa and down to a temperature of 8 K using temperature dependent x-ray diffraction in a diamond anvil cell at a synchrotron source. At 4.3 GPa, we have detected a structural phase transition from a high temperature tetragonal phase with I4/mmm space group to a low temperature orthorhombic phase with Fmmm space group around 120 K. With the application of pressure at a low temperature of 10 K, the orthorhombic phase is suppressed and a phase change to a collapsed tetragonal phase with I4/mmm space group is observed at 11 GPa. This collapsed tetragonal phase is similar to the one observed at ambient temperature and pressure above 8.5 GPa. We have shown that the collapsed tetragonal phase of EuFe{sub 2}As{sub 2} has the same pressure-volume (P-V) equation of state at ambient temperature and at 10 K, implying that the high pressure phase of EuFe{sub 2}As{sub 2} has a negligible thermal expansion coefficient.

Uhoya, Walter O.; Tsoi, Georgiy M.; Vohra, Yogesh K.; McGuire, Michael A.; Sefat, Athena S. (UAB); (ORNL)

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

394

Electron nuclear double resonance study of photostimulated luminescence active centers in CsBr:Eu{sup 2+} medical imaging plates  

SciTech Connect

CsBr:Eu{sup 2+} needle image plates exhibit an electron-paramagnetic-resonance (EPR) spectrum at room temperature (RT), whose intensity is correlated with the photostimulated luminescence sensitivity of the plate. This EPR spectrum shows a strong temperature dependence: At RT it is owing to a single Eu{sup 2+} (S =7/2) center with axial symmetry, whereas at T<35 K the spectra can only be explained when two distinct centers are assumed to be present, a minority axial center and a majority center with nearly extremely rhombic symmetry. In this paper these low-temperature centers are studied with electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy, which reveals the presence of {sup 1}H nuclei close to the central Eu{sup 2+} ions in the centers. Analysis of the angular dependence of the ENDOR spectra allows to propose models for these centers, providing an explanation for the observed difference in intensity between the spectral components and for their temperature dependence.

Vrielinck, H.; Loncke, F.; Matthys, P.; Callens, F. [Department of Solid State Sciences, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281-S1, B-9000 Gent (Belgium); Tahon, J.-P.; Leblans, P. [Agfa HealthCare NV, Septestraat 27, B-2640 Mortsel (Belgium)

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Models of science–policy interaction: Exploring approaches to Bisphenol A management in the EU  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study investigated science–policy interaction models and their limitations under conditions of uncertainty. In detail, it looked at the management of the suspected endocrine-disrupting chemical Bisphenol A (BPA). Despite growing evidence that BPA is hazardous to human and environmental health, the level of scientific uncertainty is still high and, as a result, there is significant disagreement on the actual extent and type of risk. Analysis of decision-making processes at different regulatory levels (EU, Sweden, and the Swedish municipality of Gothenburg) exposed chemicals risk management and associated science–policy interaction under uncertainty. The results of the study show that chemicals management and associated science–policy interaction follow the modern model of science–policy interaction, where science is assumed to ‘speak truth to policy’ and highlights existing limitations of this model under conditions of uncertainty. The study not only explores alternative models (precautionary, consensus, science–policy demarcation. and extended participation) but also shows their limitations. The study concludes that all models come with their particular underlying assumptions, strengths, and limitations. At the same time, by exposing serious limitations of the modern model, the study calls for a rethinking of the relationship between science, policy, and management.

O. Udovyk

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Estimation of Carbon Credits in Carbon Dioxide Sequestration Activities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Credits in Carbon Credits in Carbon Dioxide Sequestration Activities K. Thomas Klasson and Brian H. Davison Oak Ridge National Laboratory * Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6226 Presentation First National Conference on Carbon Sequestration May 14-17, 2001 Washington, DC "The submitted manuscript has been authored by a contractor of the U.S. Government under contract No. DE-AC05-00OR22725. Accordingly, the U.S. Government retains a nonexclusive, royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for U.S. Government purposes." * Managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, for the U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 1 Estimation of Carbon Credits in Carbon Dioxide Sequestration Activities

397

Black Carbon’s Properties and Role in the Environment: A Comprehensive Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NOAA/ESRL. Mauna Loa Carbon Dioxide Annual Mean Data.H. Can reducing black carbon emissions counteract globalanalysis of black carbon in soils. Global Biogeochem. Cycle.

Shrestha, Gyami

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Carbon Capital: The Political Ecology of Carbon Forestry and Development in Chiapas, Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B v + B d ) C T = Total carbon B v = biomass contained indevelopment through carbon sequestration: experiences in2000) Rural livelihoods and carbon management, IIED Natural

Osborne, Tracey Muttoo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

MISSION CLIMAT WORKING PAPER N 2010 6  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

between EU emissions allowances (EUAs) ­ valid under the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS in the European Carbon Market 4 1. Introduction The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is the EU

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

400

NETL: Carbon Storage - Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MRCSP MRCSP Carbon Storage Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership MORE INFO Additional information related to ongoing MRCSP efforts can be found on their website. The Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP) was established to assess the technical potential, economic viability, and public acceptability of carbon storage within a region consisting of nine contiguous states: Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. A group of leading universities, state geological surveys, non-governmental organizations and private companies, led by Battelle Memorial Institute, has been assembled to carry out this research. The MRCSP currently consists of nearly 40 members; each contributing technical knowledge, expertise and cost sharing.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airshares eu carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Method for joining carbon-carbon composites to metals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for joining carbon-carbon composites to metals by brazing. Conventional brazing of recently developed carbon-bonded carbon fiber (CBCF) material to a metal substrate is limited by the tendency of the braze alloy to ``wick`` into the CBCF composite rather than to form a strong bond. The surface of the CBCF composite that is to be bonded is first sealed with a fairly dense carbonaceous layer achieved by any of several methods. The sealed surface is then brazed to the metal substrate by vacuum brazing with a Ti-Cu-Be alloy. 1 fig.

Lauf, R.J.; McMillan, A.D.; Moorhead, A.J.

1997-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

402

Carbon-Optimal and Carbon-Neutral Supply Chains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the life-cycle assessment (LCA) and carbon footprintingto integrate the economics- and LCA-based perspectives onto life-cycle assessment (LCA). The existing literature on

Caro, F.; Corbett, C. J.; Tan, T.; Zuidwijk, R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Method for joining carbon-carbon composites to metals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for joining carbon-carbon composites to metals by brazing. Conventional brazing of recently developed carbon-bonded carbon fiber (CBCF) material to a metal substrate is limited by the tendency of the braze alloy to "wick" into the CBCF composite rather than to form a strong bond. The surface of the CBCF composite that is to be bonded is first sealed with a fairly dense carbonaceous layer achieved by any of several methods. The sealed surface is then brazed to the metal substrate by vacuum brazing with a Ti-Cu-Be alloy.

Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN); McMillan, April D. (Knoxville, TN); Moorhead, Arthur J. (Knoxville, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Agricultural Carbon Mitigation in Europe  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Agricultural Carbon Mitigation in Europe Agricultural Carbon Mitigation in Europe Agricultural Carbon Mitigation in Europe Smith P, Powlson DS, Smith JU, Falloon P, and Coleman K. 2000. Meeting Europe's climate change commitments: Quantitative estimates of the potential for carbon mitigation by agriculture. Global Climate Change 6:525-539. Abstract Under the Kyoto Protocol, the European Union is committed to a reduction in CO2 emissions to 92% of baseline (1990) levels during the first commitment period (2008-2012). The Kyoto Protocol allows carbon emissions to be offset by demonstrable removal of carbon from the atmosphere. Thus, land-use / land-management change and forestry activities that are shown to reduce atmospheric CO2 levels can be included in the Kyoto targets. These activities include afforestation, reforestation and deforestation (article

405

ARM - Field Campaign - Aircraft Carbon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsAircraft Carbon govCampaignsAircraft Carbon Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Aircraft Carbon 2006.07.01 - 2008.09.30 Lead Scientist : Margaret Torn For data sets, see below. Description Airborne trace-gas measurements at ARM-SGP provided valuable data for addressing carbon-cycle questions highlighted by the US Climate Change Research Program and the North American Carbon Program. A set of carbon-cycle instruments and sample collection systems were added to an ARM-managed aircraft at ARM-SGP user facility. A separate (in-place) grant covered the cost of developing the instrument systems, analyzing the data, and ingesting all data to the ARM data archives. In the short-term (~1 y) we had two priorities. The first was to acquire

406

Compilation of carbon-14 data  

SciTech Connect

A review and critical analysis was made of the original sources of carbon-14 in the graphite moderator and reflector zones of the eight Hanford production reactors, the present physical and chemical state of the carbon-14, pathways (other than direct combustion) by which the carbon-14 could be released to the biosphere, and the maximum rate at which it might be released under circumstances which idealistically favor the release. Areas of uncertainty are noted and recommendations are made for obtaining additional data in three areas: (1) release rate of carbon-14 from irradiated graphite saturated with aerated water; (2) characterization of carbon-14 deposited outside the moderator and reflector zones; and (3) corrosion/release rate of carbon-14 from irradiated steel and aluminum alloys.

Paasch, R.A.

1985-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

407

Polarons in Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We use ab initio total-energy calculations to predict the existence of polarons in semiconducting carbon nanotubes (CNTs). We find that the CNTs' band edge energies vary linearly and the elastic energy increases quadratically with both radial and with axial distortions, leading to the spontaneous formation of polarons. Using a continuum model parametrized by the ab initio calculations, we estimate electron and hole polaron lengths, energies, and effective masses and analyze their complex dependence on CNT geometry. Implications of polaron effects on recently observed electro- and optomechanical behavior of CNTs are discussed.

M. Verissimo-Alves; R. B. Capaz; Belita Koiller; Emilio Artacho; H. Chacham

2001-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

408

Carbonate fuel cell anodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A molten alkali metal carbonates fuel cell porous anode of lithium ferrite and a metal or metal alloy of nickel, cobalt, nickel/iron, cobalt/iron, nickel/iron/aluminum, cobalt/iron/aluminum and mixtures thereof wherein the total iron content including ferrite and iron of the composite is about 25 to about 80 percent, based upon the total anode, provided aluminum when present is less than about 5 weight percent of the anode. A process is described for production of the lithium ferrite containing anode by slipcasting.

Donado, R.A.; Hrdina, K.E.; Remick, R.J.

1993-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

409

Research Summary Carbon valuation, discounting and risk management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

covered by the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) and £51/tCO2e (£183/tC) for non-ETS sectors, both rising

410

Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Sequestration Partnership Presented to: Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships Annual Review Meeting Development Phase Field Tests Pittsburgh, PA October 5, 2010 Presented by: Gerald R. Hill, Ph.D. Senior Technical Advisor Southern States Energy Board Acknowledgements  This material is based upon work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory.  Cost share and research support provided by SECARB/SSEB Carbon Management Partners Through innovations in energy and environmental policies, programs and technologies, the Southern States Energy Board enhances economic development and the quality of life in the South. - SSEB Mission Statement SSEB Carbon Management Program  Established 2003  Characterizing Southeast Region

411

Industrial Carbon Management Initiative (ICMI)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Industrial Carbon Management Initiative Industrial Carbon Management Initiative (ICMI) Background The ICMI project is part of a larger program called Carbon Capture Simulation and Storage Initiative (C2S2I). The C2S2I has a goal of expanding the DOE's focus on Carbon Capture Utilization and Storage (CCUS) for advanced coal power systems and other applications, including the use of petroleum coke as a feedstock for the industrial sector. The American Recovery and Re-Investment Act (ARRA)-funded

412

The Viscosity of Carbon Dioxide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

26 July 1912 research-article The Viscosity of Carbon Dioxide P. Phillips The Royal Society is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve, and extend access to Proceedings...

1912-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Carbon nanotube IR detectors (SV)  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) and Lockheed Martin Corporation (LMC) collaborated to (1) evaluate the potential of carbon nanotubes as channels in infrared (IR) photodetectors; (2) assemble and characterize carbon nanotube electronic devices and measure the photocurrent generated when exposed to infrared light;(3) compare the performance of the carbon nanotube devices with that of traditional devices; and (4) develop and numerically implement models of electronic transport and opto-electronic behavior of carbon nanotube infrared detectors. This work established a new paradigm for photodetectors.

Leonard, F. L.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Carbon Sequestration Atlas IV Video  

SciTech Connect

The Carbon Sequestration Atlas is a collection of all the storage sites of CO2 such as, petroleum, natural gas, coal, and oil shale.

Rodosta, Traci

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

415

Industrial Carbon Capture Project Selections  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Industrial Carbon Capture Project SelectionsSeptember 2, 2010These projects have been selected for negotiation of awards; final award amounts may vary.

416

Carbon-assisted flyer plates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A laser driven flyer plate utilizing an optical fiber connected to a laser. The end of the optical fiber has a layer of carbon and a metal layer deposited onto it. The carbon layer provides the laser induced plasma which is superior to the plasma produced from most metals. The carbon layer plasma is capable of providing a flatter flyer plate, converting more of the laser energy to driving plasma, promoting a higher flyer plate acceleration, and providing a more uniform pulse behind the plate. In another embodiment, the laser is in optical communication with a substrate onto which a layer of carbon and a layer of metal have been deposited.

Stahl, David B. (Los Alamos, NM); Paisley, Dennis L. (Santa Fe, NM)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Magnetism of the carbon allotropes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... a benzene ring. This analysis clearly shows the rationale behind the continuing interest in the magnetism of conjugated carbon compounds: properly interpreted,

R. C. Haddon

1995-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

418

Carbon Stars | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stars Jump to: navigation, search Name: Carbon Stars Place: Netherlands Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Private family-controlled ) References:...

419

Photosynthesis and carbon dioxide fixation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photosynthesis and carbon dioxide fixation ... Photosynthetic pigments, photosystems, the Calvin cycle, the Hatch-Slack pathway, photorespiration, and photosynthetic yield improvement. ...

Muriel B. Bishop; Carl B. Bishop

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Carbon Capital: The Political Ecology of Carbon Forestry and Development in Chiapas, Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trading Scheme EU ETS NZ ETS RGGI (pre-compliance) Westernnational program for the U.S. RGGI (Regional Greenhouse Gasin U.S power plants. RGGI allowance units are expected to be

Osborne, Tracey Muttoo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airshares eu carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

In Situ Infrared Spectroscopic Study of Brucite Carbonation in...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbonation in Dry to Water-Saturated Supercritical Carbon Dioxide. Abstract: In geologic carbon sequestration, while part of the injected carbon dioxide will dissolve into host...

422

Self-assembling functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Single-walled carbon nanotubes Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) arescale synthesis of carbon nanotubes." Nature, Vol.358, 220-Ropes of Metallic Carbon Nanotubes." Science, Vol.273(5274),

Gao, Yan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Carbon/Ternary Alloy/Carbon Optical Stack on Mylar as an Optical...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CarbonTernary AlloyCarbon Optical Stack on Mylar as an Optical Data Storage Medium to Potentially Replace Magnetic Tape. CarbonTernary AlloyCarbon Optical Stack on Mylar as an...

424

Carbon Efficiency, Carbon Reduction Potential, and Economic Development in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon Efficiency, Carbon Reduction Potential, and Economic Development in Carbon Efficiency, Carbon Reduction Potential, and Economic Development in the People's Republic of China Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Carbon Efficiency, Carbon Reduction Potential, and Economic Development in the People's Republic of China Agency/Company /Organization: Asian Development Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Industry Topics: Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type: Publications, Case studies/examples Website: www.adb.org/documents/studies/carbon-efficiency-prc/carbon-efficiency- Country: China UN Region: Eastern Asia Coordinates: 35.86166°, 104.195397° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.86166,"lon":104.195397,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

425

Carbonation Mechanism of Reservoir Rock by Supercritical Carbon Dioxide  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbonation Mechanism of Reservoir Rock by Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Carbonation Mechanism of Reservoir Rock by Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Geothermal Lab Call Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Carbonation Mechanism of Reservoir Rock by Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Project Type / Topic 1 Laboratory Call for Submission of Applications for Research, Development and Analysis of Geothermal Technologies Project Type / Topic 2 Supercritical Carbon Dioxide / Reservoir Rock Chemical Interactions Project Description Supercritical CO2 is currently becoming a more common fluid for extracting volatile oil and fragrance compounds from various raw materials that are used in perfumery. Furthermore, its use as a heat transmission fluid is very attractive because of the greater uptake capability of heat from hot reservoir rock, compared with that of water. However, one concern was the reactivity of CO2 with clay and rock minerals in aqueous and non-aqueous environments. So if this reaction leads to the formation of water-soluble carbonates, such formation could be detrimental to the integrity of wellbore infrastructure.

426

Carbonation Mechanism of Reservoir Rock by Supercritical Carbon Dioxide  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Project Objectives: Elucidate comprehensively the carbonation reaction mechanisms between supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) and reservoir rocks consisting of different mineralogical compositions in aqueous and non-aqueous environments at temperatures of up to 250ºC, and to develop chemical modeling of CO2-reservior rock interactions.

427

Pyrolytic carbon electrodes Lithographically Defined Porous Carbon Electrodes**  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the intrinsic material properties of carbon, functionalized films can be produced through chemical modification fabrication method capable of producing large area (%100 s cm2 ) submicrometer porous carbon films. In our methodology. The palladium-modified electrodes exhibit a catalytic response for methanol oxidation

New Mexico, University of

428

Carbon Sequestration Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Science July 2001 Focus Area Overview Presentation Mission and Scope Program Relationships Scientific Challenges Research Plans Facility Plans Princeton.ppt 7/16/01 Carbon Sequestration Science Focus Area New Projects Contribute to Sequestration Science Systems Integration Virtual Simulation of CO 2 Capture Technologies Cleanup Stream Gas Gasification Gasification MEA CO 2 Capture Facility Oxygen Membrane 3 km 2 inch tube 800m - 20 °C, 20 atm Liquid CO 2 , 100 tons ~1 kg CO 2 / s = 5 MW ^ CO 2 Coal Other Fuels Coal Other Fuels CO 2 Sequestration Aquifer H 2 O Flue gas H 2 O CH 4 CH 4 CO 2 Oil field Oil well Power plant CH 4 Coal - bed Aquiclude H 2 O CO 2 /N 2 CO 2 N 2 CO 2 CO 2 CO 2 CO 2 CO 2 Water Rock , 2 Coal Other Fuels Coal Other Fuels Combustor Oxygen Membrane Princeton.ppt 7/16/01 Carbon Sequestration Science Focus Area

429

Chlorination of carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report ab initio density functional theory calculations for chlorinated single-wall carbon nanotubes and investigate the atomic structure, energetics, and electronic structure of the chlorinated nanotubes, as well as the energetics of the desorption reaction. We find that the Cl atoms should be adsorbed in pairs and thus focus on doubly chlorinated nanotubes. Using the terminology of arene substitution patterns, ortho and para configurations are the most stable. The physisorption is preferable to the chemisorption in large-diameter nanotubes. The impurity states appear near the Fermi level EF in the electronic structure and may alter the electronic properties considerably. The bonding character for adsorption outside the nanotube is mainly covalent, but inside it consists of physical bonding. The adsorption of several Cl atoms inside a carbon nanotube leads to the formation of a charged Cl chain. Our calculated desorption barrier of ?1.4 eV per Cl atom pair indicates that the cleansing by chlorination is a less damaging alternative with removable residue.

Dogan Erbahar and Savas Berber

2012-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

430

Carbon dioxide and climate  

SciTech Connect

Scientific and public interest in greenhouse gases, climate warming, and global change virtually exploded in 1988. The Department's focused research on atmospheric CO{sub 2} contributed sound and timely scientific information to the many questions produced by the groundswell of interest and concern. Research projects summarized in this document provided the data base that made timely responses possible, and the contributions from participating scientists are genuinely appreciated. In the past year, the core CO{sub 2} research has continued to improve the scientific knowledge needed to project future atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentrations, to estimate climate sensitivity, and to assess the responses of vegetation to rising concentrations of CO{sub 2} and to climate change. The Carbon Dioxide Research Program's goal is to develop sound scientific information for policy formulation and governmental action in response to changes of atmospheric CO{sub 2}. The Program Summary describes projects funded by the Carbon Dioxide Research Program during FY 1990 and gives a brief overview of objectives, organization, and accomplishments.

Not Available

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Structural graphitic carbon foams  

SciTech Connect

Graphitic carbon foams are a unique material form with very high structural and thermal properties at a light weight. A process has been developed to produce microcellular, open-celled graphitic foams. The process includes heating a mesophase pitch preform above the pitch melting temperature in a pressurized reactor. At the appropriate time, the pressure is released, the gas nucleates bubbles, and these bubbles grow forming the pitch into the foam structure. The resultant foamed pitch is then stabilized in an oxygen environment. At this point a rigid structure exists with some mechanical integrity. The foam is then carbonized to 800 C followed by a graphitization to 2700 C. The shear action from the growing bubbles aligns the graphitic planes along the foam struts to provide the ideal structure for good mechanical properties. Some of these properties have been characterized for some of the foam materials. It is known that variations of the blowing temperature, blowing pressure and saturation time result in foams of variously sized with mostly open pores; however, the mechanism of bubble nucleation is not known. Therefore foams were blown with various gases to begin to determine the nucleation method. These gases are comprised of a variety of molecular weights as well as a range of various solubility levels. By examining the resultant structures of the foam, differences were noted to develop an explanation of the foaming mechanism.

Kearns, K.M.; Anderson, H.J. [Air Force Lab., Wright-Patterson AFB, OH (United States). Materials and Mfg. Directorate

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

432

Carbon Dioxide Carbonates in the Earth;s Mantle: Implications to the Deep Carbon Cycle  

SciTech Connect

An increase in the ionic character in C-O bonds at high pressures and temperatures is shown by the chemical/phase transformation diagram of CO{sub 2}. The presence of carbonate carbon dioxide (i-CO{sub 2}) near the Earth's core-mantle boundary condition provides insights into both the deep carbon cycle and the transport of atmospheric CO{sub 2} to anhydrous silicates in the mantle and iron core.

Yoo, Choong-Shik; Sengupta, Amartya; Kim, Minseob (Princeton); (WSU)

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

433

Carbon and energy prices under uncertainty: A theoretical analysis of fuel switching with heterogenous power plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract European power producers have a major influence on the EU ETS, given that both their CO2 emissions and their EUA (European Union Allowance) allocations account for more than half of the total volumes of the scheme. Fuel switching is often considered as the main short-term abatement measure under the EU ETS. It consists in substituting combined cycle gas turbines (CCGTs) for hard-coal plants in power generation. Thereby coal plants run for shorter periods, and CO2 emissions are reduced. This paper provides the first theoretical analysis of fuel switching, in a context where power plants involved are not equally efficient. We begin with a preliminary work using illustrative examples and sensitivity analyses, which enables us to observe how differences in the efficiency of power plants impact the cost of fuel switching, and how this is related to the level of switching effort. Based on this, we build a theoretical model taking into account the effect of differences in the efficiency of power plants involved in fuel switching. We also investigate the effect of the timing of fuel switching abatements, within the temporally defined environment of our dynamic model. Results demonstrate that the gas price and uncontrolled CO2 emissions act together on the carbon price. We show that the influence of the gas price on the carbon price depends on the level of uncontrolled CO2 emissions, due to heterogeneity of power plants that are used in the fuel switching process. Furthermore, we show that the time of occurrence of uncontrolled emissions matters so that shocks have a stronger impact when they occur in a period that is closed to the end of the phase.

Vincent Bertrand

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Bridgman Growth of Large SrI2:Eu2+ Single Crystals: A High-performance Scintillator for Radiation Detection Applications  

SciTech Connect

Single-crystal strontium iodide (SrI2) doped with relatively high levels (e.g., 3 - 6 %) of Eu2+ exhibits characteristics that make this material superior, in a number of respects, to other scintillators that are currently used for radiation detection. Specifically, SrI2:Eu2+ has a light yield that is significantly higher than LaBr3:Ce3+ -a currently employed commercial high-performance scintillator. Additionally, SrI2:Eu2+ is characterized by an energy resolution as high as 2.6% at the 137Cs gamma-ray energy of 662 keV, and there is no radioactive component in SrI2:Eu2+ - unlike LaBr3:Ce3+ that contains 138La. The Ce3+-doped LaBr3 decay time is, however, faster (30 nsec) than the 1.2 sec decay time of SrI2:Eu2+. Due to the relatively low melting point of strontium iodide (~515 oC), crystal growth can be carried out in quartz crucibles by the vertical Bridgman technique. Materials-processing and crystal-growth techniques that are specific to the Bridgman growth of europium-doped strontium iodide scintillators are described here. These techniques include the use of a porous quartz frit to physically filter the molten salt from a quartz antechamber into the Bridgman growth crucible and the use of a bent or bulb grain selector design to suppress multiple grain growth. Single crystals of SrI2:Eu2+ scintillators with good optical quality and scintillation characteristics have been grown in sizes up to 5.0 cm in diameter by applying these techniques. Other aspects of the SrI2:Eu2+ crystal-growth methods and of the still unresolved crystal-growth issues are described here.

Boatner, Lynn A [ORNL; Ramey, Joanne Oxendine [ORNL; Kolopus, James A [ORNL; Hawrami, Rastgo [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Higgins, William [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Van Loef, Edgar [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Glodo, J. [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Shah, Kanai [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Bhattacharya, P. [Fisk University, Nashville, TN; Tupitsyn, E [Fisk University, Nashville, TN; Groza, Michael [Fisk University, Nashville, TN; Burger, Arnold [Fisk University, Nashville, TN

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Concrete Using Vacuum-Carbonation Alain Azar, Prof. Yixin Shao  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Concrete Using Vacuum-Carbonation Alain Azar, Prof. Yixin Shao promising carbon uptake results and is a viable option for carbonation curing. Carbon sequestration increase in Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions over the past five decades, specific ways to reduce

Barthelat, Francois

436

46 (2009-6) Nucleation of a single-walled carbon nanotube inside a carbon nanotube  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the metal-carbide. Key Words : Molecular Dynamics, Double-Walled Carbon Nanotube, Growth Mechanism, Carbon functions of carbon atoms and metal atoms in the metal carbide cluster #12;,10) Carbon (11,11) Carbon (15,6) Carbon (10,10) Metal (11,11) Metal (15,6) Metal Fig. 4 Density distribution

Maruyama, Shigeo

437

University of Glasgow Carbon Management Programme Carbon Management Plan working with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

carbon vision 11 2.3 Strategic themes 12 Targets and objectives 13 3 Emissions Baseline and Projections. Professor Anton Muscatelli, Principal Foreword from the Carbon Trust Cutting carbon emissions as partUniversity of Glasgow Carbon Management Programme Carbon Management Plan working with Page 1 Carbon

Mottram, Nigel

438

Enhanced Luminescence of NaY0.6–xCe0.1Gd0.3EuxF4 Nanorods by Energy Transfers between Ce3+, Gd3+, and Eu3+  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Enhanced Luminescence of NaY0.6–xCe0.1Gd0.3EuxF4 Nanorods by Energy Transfers between Ce3+, Gd3+, and Eu3+ ... On the whole, the introduction of an elevated amount of Eu3+ dopants in the host lattice would decrease the Ce···Eu interatomic distance and thus shorten the average traveling distance for the excitation energies. ...

Bing Chen; Xvsheng Qiao; Dengfeng Peng; Xianping Fan

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

439

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Wednesday, 31 August 2011 00:00 From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

440

Controlled growth of carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Terrones Controlled growth of carbon nanotubes R. Vajtai 1 B. Q. Wei 2 P. M. Ajayan...Rouge, LA 70803-5901, USA Carbon nanotubes have extraordinary mechanical and electronic...state-of-the-art account of tailored nanotube growth. To provide these properties...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airshares eu carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Plasmachemical Synthesis of Carbon Suboxide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A nonthermal carbon monoxide plasma is known to produce a solid deposition which is thought to be a polymer of carbon suboxide (C3O2); however there are very few investigations of this deposition in the literature. This thesis contains an analysis...

Geiger, Robert

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

442

Capture of carbon dioxide from ambient air  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carbon dioxide capture from ambient air could compensate for all carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere. Such capture would, for example, make it possible to use liquid, carbon-based fuels in cars or airplane...

K.S. Lackner

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Carbon dioxide capture and geological storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Blundell and Fraser Armstrong Carbon dioxide capture and geological storage Sam...Nottingham NG12 5GG, UK Carbon dioxide capture and geological storage is a...80-90%. It involves the capture of carbon dioxide at a large industrial...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Nanobiocatalysts for Carbon Capture, Sequestration and Valorisation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The approaches being pursued for carbon management includes: (i) increased efficiency of ... energy conversion, (ii) usage of low-carbon or carbon-free energy sources, and (iii) capturing and sequestering anthrop...

Sadhana Rayalu; Renu Yadav; Snehal Wanjari; Chandan Prabhu…

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Carbon Market Brasil Consulting | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brasil Consulting Jump to: navigation, search Name: Carbon Market Brasil Consulting Place: Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 04120-070 Sector: Carbon Product: Brazil-based carbon Market is a...

446

Microstructure of metal-filled carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Microstructure of metal-filled carbon nanotubes Shoichi Toh 1 Kenji Kaneko 2 Yasuhiko...are usually required to produce carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and play important roles during...mechanisms. metal filling|MPCVD|carbon|nanotube|palladium|microstructure| Microstructure......

Shoichi Toh; Kenji Kaneko; Yasuhiko Hayashi; Tomoharu Tokunaga; Won-Jin Moon

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

A method for characterizing carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Letter A method for characterizing carbon nanotubes Toshie Yaguchi 1 Takahiro Sato 1 Takeo...spectroscopy of a multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) at elevated temperatures were...spectroscopy|multi&hyphen|walled carbon nanotube|specimen&hyphen|heating holder......

Toshie Yaguchi; Takahiro Sato; Takeo Kamino; Yoshifumi Taniguchi; Kenichi Motomiya; Kazuyuki Tohji; Atsuo Kasuya

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Carbon Capital Markets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon Product: London-based fund manager and trader specialising in the carbon and clean energy markets. References: Carbon Capital Markets1 This article is a stub. You can help...

449

Carbon Nanotubes: Bearing Stress Like Never Before  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A.J. (2013). Carbon Nanotubes: Present and Future CommercialP.M. (2008). Carbon Nanotubes. A. Jorio, G. Dresselhaus, &V.N. (2004). Carbon Nanotubes: properties and application.

Limaye, Aditya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Defects and Disorder in Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Perebeinos, V. (2008) Carbon Nanotubes 111 423. Bachilo, S.P. L. (2008) Carbon Nanotubes 111 Biro, L. P. , Khanh, N.structure of carbon nanotubes. Fullerenes '96. Oxford, UK.

Collins, Philip G

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Carbon Fiber Composite Cellular A Dissertation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon Fiber Composite Cellular Structures ____________________________________ A Dissertation and honeycombs. However, for weight sensitive, ambient temperature applications, carbon fiber composites have emerged as a promising material due to its high specific strength and low density. Carbon fiber reinforced

Wadley, Haydn

452

Porous Carbon Nanoparticle Networks with Tunable Absorbability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and repel liquid droplets2,3 . Recently, carbon materials such as amorphous carbon coatings, graphene foams carbon materials or structures have been used extensively as electrode materials for batteries and super

Kim, Ho-Young

453

ASSESSMENT OF BUILDING LIFECYLE CARBON EMISSIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Even though the Carbon Capture & Sequestration Technologies (CC & ST) program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology initiated carbon emission research in late 1990s (CSI, 2013), carbon emissions has only become a hot topic in the last decade...

Kwok, George

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

454

2e Carbon Access | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Access Jump to: navigation, search Name: 2e Carbon Access Place: New York, New York Zip: 10280 Sector: Carbon Product: 2E Carbon Access is an enterprise focused solely on bringing...

455

Carbon Nanotubes: Bearing Stress Like Never Before  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the mechanical properties of carbon nanotube– polymercomposites. Carbon, 44. 1624 – 1652 doi: 10.1016/j.R.H. , & Hart, A.J. (2013). Carbon Nanotubes: Present and

Limaye, Aditya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Who Pays a Price on Carbon?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on a per-capita basis a carbon price is much more regressiveadverse distributional effects of a carbon emissions policy.Distributional incidence · Carbon tax · Tradable permits Q52

Grainger, Corbett A.; Kolstad, Charles D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Carbon Dioxide and Methane Emissions from Estuaries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carbon dioxide and methane emissions from estuaries are reviewed in relation with biogeochemical processes and carbon cycling. In estuaries, carbon dioxide and methane emissions show a large spatial and temporal ...

Gwenaël Abril; Alberto Vieira Borges

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Climate policy and dependence on traded carbon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of human development and carbon emissions embodied in trade03.html) Lo A Y 2012 Carbon emissions trading in Chinagoal is to regulate carbon emissions, then, because only a

Andrew, Robbie M; Davis, Steven J; Peters, Glen P

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

On the possibility for Rb- and Eu-cation ordering in type-I clathrates: synthesis and homogeneity range of the novel compounds Rb8-xEux(In,Ge)46 (0.6 x 1.8)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Clathrates with the type-I structure are reported in the quaternary Rb-Eu-In-Ge system. Possible cation ordering is suggested.

Sch?fer, M.C.

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

460

ARM - Measurement - Organic Carbon Concentration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsOrganic Carbon Concentration govMeasurementsOrganic Carbon Concentration ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Organic Carbon Concentration The concentration of carbon bound in organic compounds. Categories Aerosols Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments ACSM : Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor Field Campaign Instruments AEROSCARBON : Aerosol Carbon Analyzer AEROSMASSSPEC : Aerosol Mass Spectrometer Datastreams AOS : Aerosol Observing System Datastreams

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airshares eu carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Natural materials for carbon capture.  

SciTech Connect

Naturally occurring clay minerals provide a distinctive material for carbon capture and carbon dioxide sequestration. Swelling clay minerals, such as the smectite variety, possess an aluminosilicate structure that is controlled by low-charge layers that readily expand to accommodate water molecules and, potentially, carbon dioxide. Recent experimental studies have demonstrated the efficacy of intercalating carbon dioxide in the interlayer of layered clays but little is known about the molecular mechanisms of the process and the extent of carbon capture as a function of clay charge and structure. A series of molecular dynamics simulations and vibrational analyses have been completed to assess the molecular interactions associated with incorporation of CO2 in the interlayer of montmorillonite clay and to help validate the models with experimental observation.

Myshakin, Evgeniy M. (National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, PA); Romanov, Vyacheslav N. (National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, PA); Cygan, Randall Timothy

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

NETL: Carbon Capture FAQs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How is CO2 captured? How is CO2 captured? Chilled Ammonia CO2 Capture Process Facility at American Electric Power's (AEP) Mountaineer Plant Chilled Ammonia CO2 Capture Process Facility at American Electric Power's (AEP) Mountaineer Plant Carbon dioxide (CO2) capture involves separating CO2 from other gases generated by industrial processes or burning fossil fuels. CO2 capture can remove as much as 95% of the CO2 from these processes. There are two major types of anthropogenic CO2 sources: mobile and stationary. Mobile sources include things like cars, trucks, trains, boats, and aircrafts that burn fossil fuels and generate CO2. Capturing CO2 from mobile sources is currently impractical. Stationary sources include power plants and industrial facilities that burn fossil fuels, as

463

NETL: Carbon Storage FAQs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Where is CO2 storage happening today? Where is CO2 storage happening today? Sleipner Project (Norway) Sleipner Project (Norway) Carbon dioxide (CO2) storage is currently happening across the United States and around the world. Large, commercial-scale projects, like the Sleipner CO2 Storage Site in Norway, the Weyburn-Midale CO2 Project in Canada, and the In Salah project in Algeria, have been injecting CO2 for many years. Each of these projects stores more than 1 million tons of CO2 per year. Large-scale efforts are currently underway in Africa, China, Australia, and Europe, too. These commercial-scale projects are demonstrating that large volumes of CO2 can be safely and permanently stored. Additionally, a multitude of pilot efforts are underway in different parts of the world to determine suitable locations and technologies for future

464

NETL Mineral Carbonation Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Overview Overview Mineral Carbonation Workshop August 8, 2001 Carl O. Bauer, Associate Laboratory Director Descriptor - include initials, /org#/date We Are: * One of DOE's 15 national laboratories * Government owned and operated * Sites in Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia * Over 1,100 federal and support contractor employees * FY01 budget of $774 million July 2001 Descriptor - include initials, /org#/date Sites in Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Oklahoma Morgantown, WV Pittsburgh, PA Tulsa, OK Descriptor - include initials, /org#/date Our Mission * Resolve the environmental, supply, and reliability constraints of producing and using fossil resources to provide Americans with a stronger economy, healthier environment, and more secure future * Support development and deployment of environmental technologies that reduce

465

Dominoes in Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate by molecular dynamics simulations that the domino process can be developed in single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs). Once a section of a SWCNT with an appropriate diameter (>3.5??nm) is collapsed, the successive collapse of the neighboring portions can generate a domino wave along the longitudinal direction of the tube. The wave is driven by van der Waals potential energy and its natural speed can be up to 1??km/s. Molecules inside the SWCNT can be accelerated by the domino wave and finally shot out. The finding shows for the first time that a SWCNT can be an energy supplier, which provides opportunities for designing new concept (domino-driven) nanoelectromechanical system devices.

Tienchong Chang

2008-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

466

RE/ZrO{sub 2} (RE = Sm, Eu) composite oxide nano-materials: Synthesis and applications in photocatalysis  

SciTech Connect

Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • RE/ZrO{sub 2} (RE = Sm, Eu) nano-materials have been successfully synthesized. • Defect and electron structures determine the absorption properties on visible light. • Nano-sized Zr{sub 0.8}Sm{sub 0.2}O{sub 2??} has good visible-light-responsive photocatalytic activities. • In the future, it can be used in wastewater treatment and environmental protection. - Abstract: Zirconia modified by Samarium/Europium, RE/ZrO{sub 2} (RE = Sm, Eu), composite oxide nano-materials have been successfully synthesized by improved sol–gel method. Characterization results show that X-ray diffraction (XRD) peaks of products gradually shift to the lower angle with the increase of rare earth which implies that the lattice distances of RE/ZrO{sub 2} nano-materials are gradually enlarged. Moreover, the molar ratios between zirconium and rare earth are consistent with the chemical formula and both of them are uniformly distributed in samples. Optical properties indicate that defect structures and electron configurations of RE/ZrO{sub 2} (RE = Sm, Eu) with single phase determine their absorption properties on visible light. Photocatalytic experiments indicate Zr{sub 0.8}Sm{sub 0.2}O{sub 2??} nano-crystals have excellent visible-light-responsive photocatalytic activities on Methylene blue and Rhodamine B which results from the special defect structure, suitable electronic configuration, and larger specific surface area. It follows that Zr{sub 0.8}Sm{sub 0.2}O{sub 2??} nano-crystals are new visible-light-responsive photocatalysts which can be applied in dye wastewater treatment and environmental protection in the future.

Du, Weimin, E-mail: duweimin75@gmail.com [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Anyang Normal University, Anyang, Henan 455002 (China); Zhu, Zhaoqiang [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Anyang Normal University, Anyang, Henan 455002 (China); College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450001 (China); Zhang, Xiaofen; Wang, Dacheng; Liu, Donghe [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Anyang Normal University, Anyang, Henan 455002 (China); Qian, Xuefeng [School of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Du, Jimin, E-mail: djm@aynu.edu.cn [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Anyang Normal University, Anyang, Henan 455002 (China)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

467

Computational analysis of modern HTGR fuel performance and fission product release during the HFR-EU1 irradiation experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Various countries engaged in the development and fabrication of modern HTGR fuel have initiated activities of modeling the fuel and fission product release behavior with the aim of predicting the fuel performance under HTGR operating and accident conditions. Verification and validation studies are conducted by code-to-code benchmarking and code-to-experiment comparisons as part of international exercises. The methodology developed in Germany since the 1980s represents valuable and efficient tools to describe fission product release from spherical fuel elements and TRISO fuel performance, respectively, under given conditions. Continued application to new results of irradiation and accident simulation testing demonstrates the appropriateness of the models in terms of a conservative estimation of the source term as part of interactions with HTGR licensing authorities. Within the European irradiation testing program for HTGR fuel and as part of the former EU RAPHAEL project, the HFR-EU1 irradiation experiment explores the potential for high performance of the presently existing German and newly produced Chinese fuel spheres under defined conditions up to high burnups. The fuel irradiation was completed in 2010. Test samples are prepared for further postirradiation examinations (PIE) including heatup simulation testing in the KÜFA-II furnace at the JRC-ITU, Karlsruhe, to be conducted within the on-going ARCHER Project of the European Commission. The paper will describe the application of the German computer models to the HFR-EU1 irradiation test and compare within the preliminary experimental results as well as with previously conducted, true predictive calculations. Furthermore, results will be compared with the German code development STACY that extends the earlier codes toward new features.

Karl Verfondern; André Xhonneux; Heinz Nabielek; Hans-Josef Allelein

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Estimating broad-brush rebound effects for household energy consumption in the EU 28 countries and Norway: some policy implications of Odyssee data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Currently there is a strong policy commitment in European Union (EU) and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries to increase the energy efficiency of residential buildings, and it is widely assumed that this will naturally and automatically reduce domestic energy consumption. However, other factors such as fuel prices, wages, attitudes and lifestyles also influence energy consumption. This paper calculates broad-brush rebound effects based on changes in energy efficiency and energy consumption in each of the 28 EU countries plus Norway, for the years 2000–2011. In doing so, it tests how well the assumption of energy efficiency leading to energy reduction stands up to scrutiny in these lands. It uses the EU’s Odyssee database for efficiency and consumption figures and a commonly employed econometric definition of the rebound effect as an energy-efficiency elasticity. Most older EU lands show rebound effects in the expected range of 0–50%. However, the range for newer EU countries is 100–550%, suggesting that energy efficiency increases are not a good predictor of energy consumption. A more in-depth look at one country, Germany, suggests these results underestimate the rebound effect significantly. This also identifies research needs for specific energy consumption determinants in each country, to find more precisely what is driving consumption levels.

Ray Galvin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Carbon and carbon monoxide hydrogenation on nickel: support effects  

SciTech Connect

Hydrogenation of carbon, deposited on nickel catalysts by CO disproportionation, was investigated by temperature-programmed surface reaction (TPSR) for four oxide supports, alumina (Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/), silica (SiO/sub 2/), titanium oxide (TiO/sub 2/), and SiO/sub 2/.Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/. The rate of carbon monoxide hydrogenation was measured by temperature-programmed reaction (TPR) for comparison. The rate of carbon hydrogenation to methane was found to be independent of the support and an average activation energy of 42 kJ/mol was estimated. In contrast, the rate of carbon monoxide hydrogenation was very sensitive to the catalyst support. Nickel (Ni) supported on TiO/sub 2/ exhibited the highest specific activity, and two distinct sites for methanation were observed on Ni/TiO/sub 2/ and Ni/Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/. The lowest specific activities were observed for Ni/SiO/sub 2/ and Ni/SiO/sub 2/.Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/. For all catalysts, carbon hydrogenation occurred at a lower temperature than carbon monoxide hydrogenation. For both TPR and TPSR, small amounts of ethane were formed and at a lower temperature than methane. The amount of less-active, ..beta..-carbon observed in TPSR experiments was very small on all catalysts. These results indicate that at high coverages, carbon hydrogenation does not depend on the support, and thus it is not rate-determining for CO hydrogenation in excess hydrogen. The support is also shown to change the specific rate of carbon monoxide methanation; activity differences seen in steady-state experiments are not just due to differences in site densities. 5 figures, 5 tables.

Ozdogan, S.Z.; Gochis, P.D.; Falconer, J.L.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Speeding Up Zeolite Evaluation for Carbon Capture  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Speeding Up Zeolite Evaluation for Carbon Capture Speeding Up Zeolite Evaluation for Carbon Capture Zeolite.png Schematic of an important class of porous materials known as...

471

Multiphase Sequestration Geochemistry: Model for Mineral Carbonation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Mineral Carbonation. Abstract: Carbonation of formation minerals converts low viscosity supercritical CO2 injected into deep saline reservoirs for geologic sequestration...

472

GEOLOGIC CARBON SEQUESTRATION STRATEGIES FOR CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION GEOLOGIC CARBON SEQUESTRATION STRATEGIES FOR CALIFORNIA to extend our thanks to the authors of various West Coast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership

473

Putting the pressure on carbon dioxide | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Putting the pressure on carbon dioxide Improving the chances for fuel recovery and carbon sequestration Artwork from this research graces the cover of Environmental Science...

474

Prospects for Enhancing Carbon Sequestration and Reclamation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prospects for Enhancing Carbon Sequestration and Reclamation of Degraded Lands with Fossil-fuel Combustion By-products. Prospects for Enhancing Carbon Sequestration and Reclamation...

475

Robust carbon monolith having hierarchical porosity  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A carbon monolith includes a robust carbon monolith characterized by a skeleton size of at least 100 nm, and a hierarchical pore structure having macropores and mesopores.

Dai, Sheng; Guiohon, Georges A; Liang, Chengdu

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

476

Robust carbon monolith having hierarchical porosity  

SciTech Connect

A carbon monolith includes a robust carbon monolith characterized by a skeleton size of at least 100 nm, and a hierarchical pore structure having macropores and mesopores.

Dai, Sheng; Guiochon, Georges A; Liang, Chengdu

2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

477

Thermoelectric Fabrics? based on carbon nanotube composites...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

based on carbon nanotube composites Composite films of multi-walled carbon nanotubespolyvinylidene fluoride layered into multiple element modules, results in...

478

Carbon nanotubes : synthesis, characterization, and applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface-Attached Carbon Nanotubes. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. ,Structure of Carbon Nanotubes. Journal of Physical ChemistryP.G. and P. Avouris, Nanotubes for Electronics. Scientific

Deck, Christian Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Functionalized carbon nanotubes and nanofibers for biosensing...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

carbon nanotubes and nanofibers for biosensing applications. Functionalized carbon nanotubes and nanofibers for biosensing applications. Abstract: This review summarizes the recent...

480

Carbon nanotubes : synthesis, characterization, and applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of carbon nanotubes by transmission electron energy-lossEnergy Gaps in "Metallic" Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes.nanotubes, absorbance increases with increasing light energy

Deck, Christian Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airshares eu carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Hydrogen Adsorption Induces Interlayer Carbon Bond Formation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Adsorption Induces Interlayer Carbon Bond Formation in Supported Few-Layer Graphene Friday, February 28, 2014 Among the allotropes of carbon, diamond has some of the most...

482

Metal supported carbon nanostructures for hydrogen storage.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Carbon nanocones are the fifth equilibrium structure of carbon, first synthesized in 1997. They have been selected for investigating hydrogen storage capacity, because initial temperature… (more)

Matelloni, Paolo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Electrical Transport in Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction to Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene Single wallCarbon nanotubes and graphene are the most popular Carbonin the Normal Metal – Graphene – Superconductor Junctions

Liu, Gang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

CFTF | Carbon Fiber Technology Facility | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BTRIC CNMS CSMB CFTF Working with CFTF HFIR MDF NTRC OLCF SNS Carbon Fiber Technology Facility Home | User Facilities | CFTF CFTF | Carbon Fiber Technology Facility SHARE Oak...

485

Project Profile: Regenerative Carbonate-Based Thermochemical...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Regenerative Carbonate-Based Thermochemical Energy Storage System for Concentrating Solar Power Project Profile: Regenerative Carbonate-Based Thermochemical Energy Storage System...

486

California Low Carbon Fuels Infrastructure Investment Initiative...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

California Low Carbon Fuels Infrastructure Investment Initiative California Low Carbon Fuels Infrastructure Investment Initiative 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and...

487

Numerical simulation and modeling of carbon nanotubes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The discovery of carbon nanotubes has triggered a significant amount of interest. Since then, much research has been done on these new forms of carbon… (more)

Wong, Chee How.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

CHEMICAL MODIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF CARBON NANOTUBES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are a relatively new allotrope of carbon that possess very unique and exciting physical characteristics. However, much is still unknown regarding their… (more)

Cassity, Kelby Brandan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Economics of geological sequestration and carbon management.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this carbon-constrained world, carbon management options for climate change mitigation are becoming increasingly important, especially in China, one of the largest energy consuming and… (more)

Su, Hui, 1976-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

CARBON SEQUESTRATION IN NATURAL AND CREATED WETLANDS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Wetland ecosystems are significant carbon sinks. Their high productivity and presence of water gives them the ability to efficiently sequester carbon in the soil,… (more)

Bernal, Blanca

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Carbon Fiber Technology Facility | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Carbon Fiber Technology Facility Carbon Fiber Technology Facility 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

492

Carbon Fiber Technology Facility | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Carbon Fiber Technology Facility Carbon Fiber Technology Facility 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

493

Carbon Fiber Technology Facility | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Carbon Fiber Technology Facility Carbon Fiber Technology Facility 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

494

A chemistry tale of two carbons | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A chemistry tale of two carbons A chemistry tale of two carbons Comprehensive field study of urban, natural emissions interacting to affect climate change Data from the CARES...

495

Greenstone Carbon Management Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

London-based specialist carbon solutions provider to measure, manage and mitigate their carbon emissions and realise business and financial benefits. References: Greenstone...

496

Critical two- and three-spin correlations in EuS: An investigation with polarized neutrons  

SciTech Connect

The critical magnetic scattering has been investigated in EuS by means of small-angle scattering with polarized neutrons using an inclined magnetic field geometry, allowing the determination of three-spin correlation functions. Two contributions to the critical magnetic scattering I{sub {sigma}}(q)=I{sup {up_arrow}}(q)+I{sup {down_arrow}}(q) and {delta}I(q)=I{sup {up_arrow}}(q)-I{sup {down_arrow}}(q) were studied for temperatures near T{sub C}=16.52 K. The I{sup {up_arrow}}(q) and I{sup {down_arrow}}(q) are the scattering intensities for the incident neutron beam polarized along ({up_arrow}) and opposite ({down_arrow}) to the magnetic field. The symmetric contribution, namely I{sub {sigma}}(q), comes from the pair-spin correlation function. The scattering intensity is well described by the Ornstein-Zernike expression I{sub {sigma}}(q)=A(q{sup 2}+{kappa}{sup 2}){sup -1}, where {kappa}={xi}{sup -1} is the inverse correlation length of the critical fluctuations. The correlation length {xi} obeys the scaling law {xi}=a{sub 0}{tau}{sup -{nu}}, where {tau}=(T-T{sub C})/T{sub C} is the reduced temperature, a{sub 0}=0.17 nm, and {nu}=0.68{+-}0.01. The difference contribution {delta}I(q) is caused by the three-spin chiral dynamical spin fluctuations that represent the asymmetric part of the polarization dependent scattering. The q dependence of {delta}I(q) follows closely 1/q{sup 2}. {delta}I(q) depends on the temperature as {tau}{sup -{nu}} with {nu}=0.64{+-}0.05. The exponents {nu} as determined by means of the static measurements by {xi} and the dynamic measurements (using the chirality) are in excellent agreement with each other, demonstrating the internal consistency of the theory and the experiment. Therefore, our results confirm the principle of the critical factorization, which is known as Polyakov-Kadanoff-Wilson operator algebra.

Grigoriev, S.V.; Metelev, S.V.; Maleyev, S.V.; Okorokov, A.I. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina, St. Petersburg 188300 (Russian Federation); Boeni, P.; Georgii, R.; Lamago, D. [TU-Munchen, Garching (Germany); Eckerlebe, H.; Pranzas, K. [GKSS Forschungszentrum, 21502 Geesthacht (Germany)

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

498

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

499

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

500

Black carbon snow albedo reduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Black carbon snow albedo reduction Black carbon snow albedo reduction Title Black carbon snow albedo reduction Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Hadley, Odelle L., and Thomas W. Kirchstetter Journal Nature Climate Change Volume 2 Pagination 437-440 Abstract Climate models indicate that the reduction of surface albedo caused by black-carbon contamination of snow contributes to global warming and near-worldwide melting of ice1, 2. In this study, we generated and characterized pure and black-carbon-laden snow in the laboratory and verified that black-carbon contamination appreciably reduces snow albedo at levels that have been found in natural settings1, 3, 4. Increasing the size of snow grains in our experiments decreased snow albedo and amplified the radiative perturbation of black carbon, which justifies the aging-related positive feedbacks that are included in climate models. Moreover, our data provide an extensive verification of the Snow, Ice and Aerosol Radiation model1, which will be included in the next assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change5.