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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Monitoring of the Airport Calibration Pads at Walker Field, Grand Junction,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Monitoring of the Airport Calibration Pads at Walker Field, Grand Monitoring of the Airport Calibration Pads at Walker Field, Grand Junction, Colorado, for Long-Term Radiation Variations (August 1978) Monitoring of the Airport Calibration Pads at Walker Field, Grand Junction, Colorado, for Long-Term Radiation Variations (August 1978) Monitoring of the Airport Calibration Pads at Walker Field, Grand Junction, Colorado, for Long-Term Radiation Variations (August 1978) Monitoring of the Airport Calibration Pads at Walker Field, Grand Junction, Colorado, for Long-Term Radiation Variations (August 1978) More Documents & Publications Field Calibration Facilities for Environmental Measurement of Radium, Thorium, and Potassium (October 2013) Long-Term Surveillance Operations and Maintenance Fiscal Year 2013 Year-End Summary Report

2

Pads  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PROCUREMENT AND ASSISTANCE PROCUREMENT AND ASSISTANCE DATA SYSTEM U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL OFFICE OF AUDIT SERVICES JANUARY 1999 AUDIT REPORT DOE/IG-0436 January 19, 1999 MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY FROM: Gregory H. Friedman Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION : Audit Report on "The U.S. Department of Energy's Procurement and Assistance Data System" BACKGROUND The Procurement and Assistance Data System (PADS) is the Department's official computerized system maintained to collect, track, and report Department of Energy procurement and financial assistance actions. The system stores information used to (1) monitor procurement and financial assistance processes, awards,

3

PAD District  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

District District and State Production Capacity Alkylates Aromatics Asphalt and Road Oil Isomers Lubricants Marketable Petroleum Coke Sulfur (short tons/day) Hydrogen (MMcfd) Table 2. Production Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries by PAD District and State as of January 1, 2013 (Barrels per Stream Day, Except Where Noted) a 91,429 10,111 26,500 110,165 21,045 21,120 74 1,127 PAD District I Delaware 11,729 5,191 0 6,000 0 13,620 40 596 Georgia 0 0 24,000 0 0 0 0 0 New Jersey 37,200 0 63,500 4,000 12,000 7,500 31 290 Pennsylvania 42,500 4,920 22,065 16,500 2,945 0 0 240 West Virginia 0 0 600 0 6,100 0 3 1 268,106 95,300 159,000 260,414 9,100 158,868 584 7,104 PAD District II Illinois 83,900 19,900 38,100 16,000 0 70,495 202 2,397 Indiana 27,200 16,800 33,700 27,100 0 10,000 0 653

4

Airport, Transport & Hotel Information | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Airport Information SHARE Airport Information Information related to the Knoxville Airport is listed below. You can find individual airlines' websites by following the "Airlines"...

5

Calibration Facilities | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Calibration Facilities Calibration Facilities Calibration Facilities Calibration Facilities Calibration Facilities Calibration Facilities Calibration Facilities DOE supports the development, standardization, and maintenance of calibration facilities for environmental radiation sensors. Radiation standards at the facilities are primarily used to calibrate portable surface gamma-ray survey meters and borehole logging instruments used for uranium and other mineral exploration and remedial action measurements. Standards for calibrating borehole fission neutron devices are also available, but are used infrequently. Radiation standards are constructed of concrete with elevated, uniform concentrations of naturally occurring potassium, uranium, and/or thorium. Pad standards have large, flat surfaces suitable for calibration

6

Emergency Guidebook for General Aviation Airports  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Emergency Guidebook for General Aviation Airports A Guidebook for Municipal Airport Managers #12;Emergency Guidebook for General Aviation Airports Published by: Minnesota Airport Technical Assistance................................................................................................................................................1 Developing an Airport Emergency Plan

Janssen, Michel

7

Congestion delays at hub airports  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A deterministic model was developed to study the effects of inefficient scheduling on flight delays at hub airports. The model bases the delay calculation on published schedule data and on user-defined airport capacities. ...

St. George, Martin J.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

GENERATOR PAD FOUNDATIONS  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this analysis is to design structural foundations for the Generator Pad. The equipment foundation shall be designed in Section 10 using standard foundation design hand calculations. The vertical loads reflect Mechanical/Electrical requirements. Lateral loads will be calculated using applicable codes. The soil bearing and foundation stresses will be analyzed using accepted engineering mechanics. The foundation will be designed using the Strength Design Method.

T. Saltikov

1995-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

9

The impact of airline-airport relations on airport management decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Airlines, in the past, have had an important influence on airport operations through privileges granted them by the airport lease agreements. Airport administrators and sponsoring agencies have agreed to grant these ...

Cohen, Dayl Arlene

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Airport Electrification Strategy at the Los Angeles International Airport  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an era of rapidly increasing fuel costs, airlines are struggling to control their expenses. Switching from diesel or gasoline powered ground support equipment (GSE) at airports is an attractive option for airlines to save money on fuel and reduced maintenance costs. Los Angeles International Airport (LAX), a leader in the development and use of alternative fuel vehicles, is an ideal place to formulate a strategy and case study for GSE electrification. EPRI together with Los Angeles Department of Water...

2008-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

11

Proposed testing method for foam padding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One very basic necessity for foam padding testing technology is the ability to test two different padding samples and compare the results. The current standard for testing is to use a steel anvil backing for the padding, ...

Hyatt, Daniel (Daniel Elliot)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

The Joint Airport Weather Studies Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Joint Airport Weather Studies (JAWS) Project will investigate the microburst event, having 2–10 km spatial and 2–10 min temporal scales, at Denver's Stapleton International Airport during the summer of 1982. JAWS applications and technology ...

John McCarthy; James W. Wilson; T. Theodore Fujita

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Impact of Heavy Aircraft Operations on Airport Capacity at Newark Liberty International Airport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aviation System Performance Metrics (ASPM) departure and arrival rate data is collected for four common airport confi gurations at Newark Liberty International Airport (EWR) under Visual Meteorological Conditions (VMC) for ...

Simaiakis, Ioannis

14

Tackling uncertainty in airport design : a real options approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The airport industry is changing. Once understood as stand-alone public infrastructures, many modern airports now operate within privatized multi-airport systems and contend with previously unknown competitive pressures. ...

Chambers, Richard-Duane

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Improving public transportation to Boston Logan International Airport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Boston Logan International Airport is the largest airport in New England and the 1 9 th busiest airport in the United States, serving 29.3 million passengers (arrivals and departures) in 2012. There are approximately 36,900 ...

Cao, Siyuan, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Impact of Heavy Aircraft Operations on Airport Capacity at Newark Liberty International Airport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impact of Heavy Aircraft Operations on Airport Capacity at Newark Liberty International Airport Meteorological Conditions (VMC) for the period 2007-2008. The ef- fect of the number of Heavy (including Boeing that Heavy departures and arrivals negatively impact overall airport capacity. Mechanisms by which

17

Airport Electrification Strategy at the John Wayne Airport in Orange County, California  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a growth-oriented airport in the Los Angeles Metropolitan area, John Wayne Airport is taking a proactive approach to emission reduction in order to facilitate low environmental impact growth. This report evaluates existing electrification efforts at John Wayne Airport and explores new electrification opportunities in an effort to develop an overall strategy for minimizing emissions in the future.

2010-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

18

LEDs Ready for Takeoff at Louisiana Airport | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LEDs Ready for Takeoff at Louisiana Airport LEDs Ready for Takeoff at Louisiana Airport LEDs Ready for Takeoff at Louisiana Airport July 14, 2010 - 3:34pm Addthis Hammond, La., airport is replacing the existing incandescent taxiway lights (pictured) with LEDs. | Photo courtesy of Hammond Northshore Regional Airport Hammond, La., airport is replacing the existing incandescent taxiway lights (pictured) with LEDs. | Photo courtesy of Hammond Northshore Regional Airport Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE What are the key facts? Upgrades for safety, energy at Hammond airport possible through Recovery Act Taxiway lights to be replaced with LEDs Airport could save up to $15,000 annually on electric bills Energy efficiency is taking off at the airport in Hammond, La., about 70

19

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Atlanta Airport Converts Shuttles to CNG  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Atlanta Airport Atlanta Airport Converts Shuttles to CNG to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Atlanta Airport Converts Shuttles to CNG on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Atlanta Airport Converts Shuttles to CNG on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Atlanta Airport Converts Shuttles to CNG on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Atlanta Airport Converts Shuttles to CNG on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Atlanta Airport Converts Shuttles to CNG on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Atlanta Airport Converts Shuttles to CNG on AddThis.com... Sept. 9, 2012 Atlanta Airport Converts Shuttles to CNG L earn how an Atlanta company saves money and conserves fuel with compressed natural gas airport shuttles.

20

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dallas Airport Operates With Alternative  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Dallas Airport Dallas Airport Operates With Alternative Fuels to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dallas Airport Operates With Alternative Fuels on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dallas Airport Operates With Alternative Fuels on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dallas Airport Operates With Alternative Fuels on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dallas Airport Operates With Alternative Fuels on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dallas Airport Operates With Alternative Fuels on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dallas Airport Operates With Alternative Fuels on AddThis.com... Sept. 5, 2009 Dallas Airport Operates With Alternative Fuels F ind out how Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport uses alternative fuels

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

LEDs Ready for Takeoff at Louisiana Airport | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LEDs Ready for Takeoff at Louisiana Airport LEDs Ready for Takeoff at Louisiana Airport LEDs Ready for Takeoff at Louisiana Airport July 14, 2010 - 3:34pm Addthis Hammond, La., airport is replacing the existing incandescent taxiway lights (pictured) with LEDs. | Photo courtesy of Hammond Northshore Regional Airport Hammond, La., airport is replacing the existing incandescent taxiway lights (pictured) with LEDs. | Photo courtesy of Hammond Northshore Regional Airport Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE What are the key facts? Upgrades for safety, energy at Hammond airport possible through Recovery Act Taxiway lights to be replaced with LEDs Airport could save up to $15,000 annually on electric bills Energy efficiency is taking off at the airport in Hammond, La., about 70

22

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Powers Airport Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans on AddThis.com... Feb. 19, 2011 Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans D iscover how the New Orleans airport displaced over 139,000 gallons of

23

The Hailpad: Materials, Data Reduction and Calibration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on work carried out in the National Hail Research Experiment (NHRE) on hailpad materials, on procedures for reducing hailpad data, and on hailpad calibration. A recommendation is made for a pad constructed of 2.5 cm thick type-...

Alexis B. Long; Richard J. Matson; Edwin L. Crow

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Representativeness of Wind Observations at Airports  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wind information for use at airports can be called representative if it provides an optimal estimate of wind variations to be expected over the runway. It is shown that a single anemometer at a nonideal but reasonable location will usually ...

J. Wieringa

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Airport Relies on Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Colorado Airport Colorado Airport Relies on Natural Gas Fueling Stations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Airport Relies on Natural Gas Fueling Stations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Airport Relies on Natural Gas Fueling Stations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Airport Relies on Natural Gas Fueling Stations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Airport Relies on Natural Gas Fueling Stations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Airport Relies on Natural Gas Fueling Stations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Airport Relies on Natural Gas Fueling Stations on AddThis.com... July 1, 2010 Colorado Airport Relies on Natural Gas Fueling Stations

26

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Voluntary Airport Low Emission (VALE)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Voluntary Airport Low Voluntary Airport Low Emission (VALE) Program to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Voluntary Airport Low Emission (VALE) Program on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Voluntary Airport Low Emission (VALE) Program on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Voluntary Airport Low Emission (VALE) Program on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Voluntary Airport Low Emission (VALE) Program on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Voluntary Airport Low Emission (VALE) Program on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Voluntary Airport Low Emission (VALE) Program on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Voluntary Airport Low Emission (VALE) Program

27

Of airports and architecture : exercises in public form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Airports as an architectural and urban typology typically lack physical and spatial integration with their urban context. Contrary to the city, airports have evolved into semi-autonomous spaces and products of political ...

Fouad, Daniel James

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Market-based airport demand management : theory, model and applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ever-increasing demand for access to the world's major commercial airports combined with capacity constraints at many of these airports have led to increasing air traffic congestion. In particular, the scarcity of ...

Fan, Terence P

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Airport Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Airport Zero Emission Airport Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Infrastructure Incentives to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Airport Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Infrastructure Incentives on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Airport Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Infrastructure Incentives on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Airport Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Infrastructure Incentives on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Airport Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Infrastructure Incentives on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Airport Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Infrastructure Incentives on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Airport Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Infrastructure Incentives on AddThis.com...

30

Airport quotas and peak hour pricing : theory and practice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report examines the leading theoretical studies not only of airport peak-hour pricing but also of the congestion costs associated with airport delays and presents a consistent formulation of both. The report also ...

Odoni, Amedeo R.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Analysis of aircraft surface motion at Boston Logan International Airport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this thesis is to examine the nature of aircraft surface motion on the airport surface during normal operations. Twelve hours of radar data, gathered by MIT Lincoln Laboratories from Logan airport in Boston, ...

Alhanatis, Robert Elias

32

Value of Options in Airport Expansion - Example of AICM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investments decisions for airport capacity expansion are usually taken, either when demand exceeds the current capacity and the airport is working under congestion, or when current demand is expected to overcome current ...

Morgado, Frederico

33

Northern New Mexico regional airport market feasibility  

SciTech Connect

This report is about the market for airline travel in northern New Mexico. Interest in developing a northern New Mexico regional airport has periodically surfaced for a number of years. The New Mexico State Legislature passed a memorial during the 1998 Second Session calling for the conduct of a study to determine the feasibility of building a new regional airport in NNM. This report is a study of the passenger market feasibility of such an airport. In addition to commercial passenger market feasibility, there are other feasibility issues dealing with siting, environmental impact, noise, economic impact, intermodal transportation integration, region-wide transportation services, airport engineering requirements, and others. These other feasibility issues are not analyzed in any depth in this report although none were discovered to be show-stoppers as a by-product of the authors doing research on the passenger market itself. Preceding the need for a detailed study of these other issues is the determination of the basic market need for an airport with regular commercial airline service in the first place. This report is restricted to an in-depth look at the market for commercial passenger air service in NNM. 20 figs., 8 tabs.

Drake, R.H.; Williams, D.S.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Airport Advisory Council: March 19, 2007 Meeting Proceedings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains the minutes for the meeting of the Airport Advisory Council, held March 19, 2007 in Orlando, Florida.

2007-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

35

Calibration Highlights  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... In Natural Gas Pipelines. A Primary Voltage Standard for the Whole World. A Primary Voltage Standard. ... Large Mass Calibrations -- A Matter Scale. ...

2013-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

36

"Multi-use" airport design : a new terminal for Malpensa International Airport, Milan, Italy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design of an airport terminal building can be viewed as a specialized case of the design of a large building. One of the major planning and design issues of typical large buildings is that of accommodating multiple ...

Seremetis, Constantine M

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- St Louis Airport - MO 01  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Airport - MO 01 Airport - MO 01 FUSRAP Considered Sites St. Louis Airport, MO Alternate Name(s): Airport Site St. Louis Airport Storage Site (SLAPS) Former Robertson Storage Area Robertson Airport MO.01-1 MO.01-2 Location: Brown Road, Robertson, Missouri MO.01-2 Historical Operations: Stored uranium process residues containing uranium, radium, and thorium for the MED and AEC. MO.01-2 MO.01-3 MO.01-4 Eligibility Determination: Eligible MO.01-1 MO.01-7 Radiological Survey(s): Assessment Surveys MO.01-4 MO.01-5 Site Status: Cleanup in progress by U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. MO.01-6 USACE Website Long-term Care Requirements: To be determined upon completion. Also see Documents Related to St. Louis Airport, MO MO.01-1 - DOE Memorandum; Coffman to LaGrone; Subject: Authorization

38

Airport Gate Scheduling with Time Windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In contrast to the existing airport gate assignment studies where flight have fixed schedules, we consider the more realistic situation where flight arrival and departure times can change. Although we minimize walking distances (or travel time) in our ... Keywords: aircraft gate scheduling, memetic algorithm, tabu search

A. Lim; B. Rodrigues; Y. Zhu

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

New San Antonio Airport Terminal Generating Clean Power | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

San Antonio Airport Terminal Generating Clean Power San Antonio Airport Terminal Generating Clean Power New San Antonio Airport Terminal Generating Clean Power January 27, 2011 - 2:03pm Addthis The new photovoltaic system at the San Antonio International Airport. The new photovoltaic system at the San Antonio International Airport. Todd G. Allen Project Officer, Golden Field Office What are the key facts? The City of San Antonio's EECBG proram staff awarded a block grant for a solar photovoltaic (PV) system at the airport, designed and built the project, and complied with all local and federal regulations... all in seven months. In early 2010, the City of San Antonio's Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) program staff quickly realized a golden opportunity lay right at their fingertips. The opening of the new San

40

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Incentive for Airport Alternative Fuels Use  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Laws & Incentives Laws & Incentives Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Incentive for Airport Alternative Fuels Use - Salt Lake City, UT to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Incentive for Airport Alternative Fuels Use - Salt Lake City, UT on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Incentive for Airport Alternative Fuels Use - Salt Lake City, UT on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Incentive for Airport Alternative Fuels Use - Salt Lake City, UT on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Incentive for Airport Alternative Fuels Use - Salt Lake City, UT on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Incentive for Airport Alternative Fuels Use - Salt Lake City, UT on Digg

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Planning level decision support for the selection of robust configurations of airport passenger buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prevalent in the current practice of airport design is the view of the airport as a "terminal", or beginning and ending point only of a traveler's journey. Such a perspective wrongly encourages the belief that airport ...

Svrcek, Tom

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Airport Safety: A Case Study for Infrastructure Security  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current implementation of do-not-fly lists and the use of documents to authenticate passenger identity won't necessarily improve airport security.

M. E. Kabay

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- St Louis Airport Site Vicinity...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Corps of Engineers (Corps) in accordance with the Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act for FY 1998. Also see Documents Related to St. Louis Airport Site Vicinity...

44

PAD District / Refinery Location Total Atmospheric Distillation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Operable Date of Last Operation Date Shutdown Table 11. New, Shutdown and Reactivated Refineries During 2012 a b REACTIVATED PAD District I 185,000 366,700 Monroe Energy LLC Trainer, PA 185,000 366,700 09/12 c SHUTDOWN PAD District I 80,000 47,000 ChevronUSA Inc Perth Amboy, NJ 80,000 47,000 03/08 07/12 PAD District III 16,800 19,500 Western Refining Southwest Inc Bloomfield, NM 16,800 19,500 12/09 11/12 PAD District VI 500,000 1,086,000 Hovensa LLC Kingshill, VI 500,000 1,086,000 02/12 02/12 a b bbl/cd=Barrels per calendar day. bbl/sd=Barrels per stream day. Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA) Form EIA-810, "Monthly Refinery Report" and Form EIA-820, "Annual Refinery Report." c Formerly owned by ConocoPhillips Company.

45

Airport Viz - A 3D Tool to Enhance Security Operations | ornl...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home | Science & Discovery | Supercomputing and Computation | Projects SHARE Airport Viz - A 3D Tool to Enhance Security Operations June 12, 2013 Problem Statement: Airport...

46

Ontology enabled decision support system for emergency management at airports  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the first prototype of the EMILI-SITE system that will provide an advanced simulation and training capabilities for emergency management in critical infrastructures like airports, railway/metro systems, and power grids. In addition, ... Keywords: SCADA, airport, complex event processing, emergency management, event-condition-action rules, ontologies, simulation, training

Vuk Mijovi?; Nikola Tomaševi?; Valentina Janev; Mladen Stanojevi?; Sanja Vraneš

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- St Louis Airport Site Vicinity  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

St Louis Airport Site Vicinity St Louis Airport Site Vicinity Properties - 017 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: St. Louis Airport Site Vicinity Properties (017) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: These properties are located in Hazelwood and Berkeley, Missouri, approximately 15 miles northwest of downtown St. Louis. The properties are associated with the St. Louis Airport Site. The Manhattan Engineer District (MED), a predecessor agency of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), acquired the St. Louis Airport Site in 1946. The site was operated by the MED and the Atomic Energy Commission (the successor agency to the MED and a

48

PAD District / Refinery Location Total Atmospheric Distillation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of Last of Last Operation Date Shutdown Table 13. Refineries Permanently Shutdown By PAD District Between January 1, 1990 and January 1, 2013 PAD District I 542,450 GNC Energy Corp Greensboro, NC 3,000 0 a Primary Energy Corp Richmond, VA 6,100 0 a Saint Mary's Refining Co Saint Mary's, WV 4,000 4,480 02/93 03/93 Cibro Refining Albany, NY 41,850 27,000 07/93 09/93 Calumet Lubricants Co LP Rouseville, PA 12,800 26,820 03/00 06/00 Young Refining Corp. Douglasville, GA 5,400 0 07/04 07/04 Sunoco Inc Westville, NJ 145,000 263,000 11/09 02/10 Western Refining Yorktown Inc Yorktown, VA 66,300 182,600 09/10 12/11 Sunoco Inc Marcus Hook, PA 178,000 278,000 12/11 12/11 ChevronUSA Inc Perth Amboy, NJ 80,000 47,000 03/08 07/12 PAD District II 460,315 Coastal Refining & Mktg El Dorado, KS 0 20,000 b Intercoastal Energy Svcs

49

An airport emergency is any occasion, natural or man-made, that threatens lives,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An airport emergency is any occasion, natural or man-made, that threatens lives, property, or public health in and around the airport. An emergency situation could result from an aircraft incident, every airport should develop and maintain an airport emergency plan (AEP) that covers responsibilities

Minnesota, University of

50

Multi-modal Transportation > Highway Transportation > Trucking > Railroad transportation > Public transit > Rural transportation > Rural transit > Freight pipeline transportation > Airport planning and development > Airport maintenance > Bicycle and pedes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-modal Transportation > Highway Transportation > Trucking > Railroad transportation > Public transit > Rural transportation > Rural transit > Freight pipeline transportation > Airport planning and development > Airport maintenance > Bicycle and pedestrian > Ports and waterways >>> Transportation operat

51

Table 28. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly January 2012 56 Table 28. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State

52

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 39. No. 2 Distillate a Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States b (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes)...

53

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 39. No. 2 Distillate a Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States b (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes)...

54

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 39. No. 2 Distillate a Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States b (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes)...

55

Pad drilling and rig mobility lead to more efficient drilling ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Biofuels: Ethanol & Biodiesel ... Pad drilling allows producers to target a significant area of underground resources while minimizing impact on the surface.

56

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Energy Storage Test Pad - David Rose,...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Storage Test Pad Date 09282012 Name David Rose The author gratefully acknowledges the support of Dr. Imre Gyuk and the Department of Energy's Office of Electricity...

57

Effects of the Substrate Topography on the Black Pad Formation ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Black pad is known to be caused by the hypercorrosion of Ni in the IG solution, however a thorough understanding on the phenomenon has not been procured ...

58

Tonopah Airport Solar Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tonopah Airport Solar Power Plant Tonopah Airport Solar Power Plant Jump to: navigation, search Name Tonopah Airport Solar Power Plant Facility Tonopah Airport Solar Sector Solar Facility Type Concentrating Solar Power Developer Solar Millenium, LLC Location Nye County, Nevada Coordinates 38.5807111°, -116.0413889° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.5807111,"lon":-116.0413889,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

59

Hydrogen Production and Dispensing Facility Opens at W. Va. Airport |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hydrogen Production and Dispensing Facility Opens at W. Va. Airport Hydrogen Production and Dispensing Facility Opens at W. Va. Airport Hydrogen Production and Dispensing Facility Opens at W. Va. Airport August 19, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Major General Allen Tackett of the National Guard's 130th Airlift Wing dispenses the first fill-up of hydrogen fuel from the Yeager facility. Major General Allen Tackett of the National Guard's 130th Airlift Wing dispenses the first fill-up of hydrogen fuel from the Yeager facility. Washington, D.C. -- A hydrogen production and dispensing station constructed and operated with support from the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) was officially opened Monday at the Yeager Airport in Charleston, W.Va. The facility is an example of how domestically produced fuels may be used to power a variety of vehicles

60

Prescott Airport Solar Plant Solar Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Prescott Airport Solar Plant Solar Power Plant Prescott Airport Solar Plant Solar Power Plant Jump to: navigation, search Name Prescott Airport Solar Plant Solar Power Plant Facility Prescott Airport Solar Plant Sector Solar Facility Type Photovoltaic Developer APS Location Prescott, Arizona Coordinates 34.5400242°, -112.4685025° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.5400242,"lon":-112.4685025,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Boundary Layer Oscillations from Thunderstorms at Sydney Airport  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analyses of wind velocity and air pressure data, acquired by a set of low-level anemometers at Sydney Airport, Australia, indicate the passage of a set of three remarkably smooth atmospheric boundary layer oscillations that traveled ahead of a ...

Richard Manasseh; Jason H. Middleton

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Simulation and Visualization of Airside Operations at Detroit Metropolitan Airport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, airline flight delays have been among the most troublesome problems in the national transportation system. Although bad weather has historically been the main cause of delays, a growing reason has been the inability of the nation’s air transport system to efficiently absorb all of the aircraft trying to use limited airspace or trying to take off or land at busy airports. Simulation modeling and visualization can be of substantial help in the efficient design of airport operations, which in turn can mitigate some of the abovementioned capacity problems. This study presents the simulation model and 3D animation of the airside airport operations at Detroit Metro Airport, Romulus, Michigan. The simulation model is developed in STROBOSCOPE (Martinez 1996) and the 3D animation is created using

Copyright Hiam; M. Khoury; Vineet R. Kamat; Vineet R. Kamat; Photios G. Ioannou; Photios G. Ioannou; Hiam M. Khoury; Hiam M. Khoury

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Big Flats Airport, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bureau 2005 Place to 2006 CBSA Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleBigFlatsAirport,NewYork&oldid227755" Categories: Places Stubs Cities What links here...

64

Meteorological and Air Pollution Modeling for an Urban Airport  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Preliminary results are presented for numerical experiments modeling meteorology, multiple pollutant sources and nonlinear photochemical reactions for the case of an airport in a large urban area with complex terrain. The meteorological model ...

Paul R. Swan; In Young Lee

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Modeling and control of airport departure processes for emissions reduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Taxiing aircraft contribute significantly to the fuel burn and emissions at airports. This thesis investigates the possibility of reducing fuel burn and emissions from surface operations through a reduction of the taxi ...

Simaiakis, Ioannis

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Analysis, modeling and control of the airport departure process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increased air traffic demand over the past two decades has resulted in significant increases in surface congestion at major airports in the United States. The overall objective of this thesis is to mitigate the adverse ...

Simaiakis, Ioannis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Comparing capacities and delays at major European and American airports  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Successful air transport systems must satisfy the demand for flights while maintaining a high level of service and safety. For airports, which have limited capacities, policy-makers must compromise between maximizing the ...

Morisset, Thomas (Thomas Marc)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Transfer passenger needs at airports : human factors in terminal design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis analyzes the needs of particular users of airport: transfer passengers. The object of this work has been to produce a set of design guidelines for terminals. these guidelines are framed upon a user-need survey ...

Brillembourg, Marie-Claire

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Downtime interventions : programming the next generation airport terminal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Airports are in trouble. Passengers have always been frustrated with air travel because of poor scheduling and late aircraft, and threats of terrorism since September 11 th 2001 have given travelers even less of a reason ...

Hoang, Samuel, 1977-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Continuous Commissioning® of the Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The DFW International Airport is one of the largest and busiest airports in the world. Located in North Texas, squarely between the cities of Dallas and Fort Worth, the DFW Airport not only serves a huge population in the North Texas area for domestic flights but also is a major airport for international flights. The Energy and Transportation Management (ETM) Department, at the Airport, is responsible for reducing energy within their facilities, and they are very aggressive in energy management. In recent years they have renovated or replaced much of the equipment in their central utilities plant and added a huge 90,000 ton-hr (316.5 MWh) chilled water thermal storage system. The electric bills, for the accounts managed by ETM, was $29 million (€20 million) in 2007. Although the ETM staff had initiated many energy efficiency measures, they felt that the energy consuming systems could be optimized to realize additional energy and cost savings. The Energy Systems Laboratory was hired to apply the Continuous Commissioning® (CC®) process at the airport. Five projects have been identified to date including: 1. An energy audit and assessment of Terminal B and a lighting demonstration pilot project. 2. CC of the Consolidated Rent-A-Car Center. 3. CC of the Airport Administration Building. 4. CC of the new International Terminal D (on-going). 5. CC of the Utilities Plant, Energy Plaza (on-going). This paper will focus on the completed projects: the Consolidated Rent-A-Car Center, the Airport Administration Building, and the major on-going projects, CC of Terminal D and Energy Plaza.

Yazdani, B.; Schroeder, F.; Kramer, L.; Baltazar, J. C.; Turner, W. D.; Wei, G.; Deng, S.; Henson, R.; Dennis, J. R.; T., R.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Thermocouples Calibrations Services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Only bare wires are needed for NIST thermocouple calibrations. ... The minimum length for thermocouple wire submitted for calibration should be at ...

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

72

Radiometer Calibration Trends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radiometer Calibration Trends S. M. Wilcox, T. L. Stoffel, and D. R. Myers National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, Colorado Abstract Calibrations of Atmospheric Radiation...

73

Facilities for Calibration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Our state-of-the-art property measurements require extensive calibration facilities of equal quality. Regular calibrations are essential for realistic ...

2014-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

74

Architecture extensions for efficient management of scratch-pad memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nowadays, many embedded processors include in their architecture on-chip static memories, so called scratch-pad memories (SPM). Compared to cache, these memories do not require complex control logic, thus resulting in increased efficiency both in silicon ... Keywords: embedded processors, memory architecture, scratch-pad memory

José V. Busquets-Mataix; Carlos Catalá; Antonio Martí-Campoy

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Calibrations and Special Tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... assurance measurements. Periodically we perform internal quality audits equivalent to ISO 17025. Calibrations reports ...

2011-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

76

Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

St. Louis Airport St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles on AddThis.com...

77

Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Airport Advances With Plug-In  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

North Carolina Airport North Carolina Airport Advances With Plug-In Electric Buses to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Airport Advances With Plug-In Electric Buses on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Airport Advances With Plug-In Electric Buses on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Airport Advances With Plug-In Electric Buses on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Airport Advances With Plug-In Electric Buses on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Airport Advances With Plug-In Electric Buses on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Airport Advances With Plug-In Electric Buses on AddThis.com...

78

A stochastic and dynamic model of delay propagation within an airport network for policy analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As demand for air travel increases over the years and many busy airports operate close to their capacity limits, congestion at some airports on any given day can quickly spread throughout the National Aviation System (NAS). ...

Pyrgiotis, Nikolaos

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Time dependent estimates of delays and delay costs at major airports  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two queuing models appropriate for estimating time dependent delays and delay costs at major airports are reviewed. The models use the demand and capacity profiles at any given airport as well as the number of runways there ...

Hengsbach, Gerd

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

A queuing model of airport congestion and policy implications at JFK and EWR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since the phasing-out of the High Density Rule, access to major commercial airports in the United States has been unconstrained or, in the case of the airports of New York, weakly constrained. This largely unregulated ...

Jacquillat, Alexandre

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Experimental Investigation of the Padding Tower for Air Dehumidifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air conditioning with all fresh air is founded on the principle of dehumidifying by liquid desiccant. It has the characteristics of being clean, power-saving, easy to operate, and requiring low-grade heat. It is suitable for applying waste heat, and solar power as the heat source for regeneration. Hence, this system has a great latent potential for energy savings and environmental protection. The system chooses the padding tower as a dehumidifier and regenerator, which are often used in petrochemical industry. The system chooses a padding tower as a dehumidifier, and LiCl-Water as a liquid desiccant. The vapor in the air is absorbed by the spray of the LiCl solution, and then the absorbed vapor will be released by heating the absorbent. These processes form the circle of absorptive refrigeration operating in atmospheric pressure. This paper describes studies on the theory and experiment of the padding tower of the dehumidifying air conditioning, including selecting different padding and measuring the speed of the air flow and the solution flow and the pressure drop between the layers of the padding. The experimental and computational results indicate that the design parameters of the padding tower significantly influence the characteristics of the liquid desiccant air conditioning. Of these design parameters, the framework of the padding tower, ratio of the air and the concentration of the inlet solution is largest through the tower, the temperature and effects of the dehumidifying capability of the tower.

Wang, J.; Liu, J.; Li, C.; Zhang, G.; An, S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Mesoscale Weather and Aviation Safety: The Case of Denver International Airport  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The new Denver International Airport will be the first new major commercial airport to be built in the United States in 20 years. Concern has been expressed about the meteorology at the new airport site and its potential impact on aviation ...

Steven L. Rhodes

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Integrated Calibration Sphere and Calibration Step Fixture for Improved  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Integrated Calibration Sphere and Calibration Step Fixture for Integrated Calibration Sphere and Calibration Step Fixture for Improved Coordinate Measurement Machine Calibration Integrated Calibration Sphere and Calibration Step Fixture for Improved Coordinate Measurement Machine Calibration A method and apparatus for mounting a calibration sphere to a calibration fixture for Coordinate Measurement Machine (CMM) calibration and qualification is described, decreasing the time required for such qualification, thus allowing the CMM to be used more productively. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Integrated Calibration Sphere and Calibration Step Fixture for Improved Coordinate Measurement Machine Calibration A method and apparatus for mounting a calibration sphere to a calibration fixture for Coordinate Measurement Machine (CMM) calibration and

84

FingerPad: private and subtle interaction using fingertips  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present FingerPad, a nail-mounted device that turns the tip of the index finger into a touchpad, allowing private and subtle interaction while on the move. FingerPad enables touch input using magnetic tracking, by adding a Hall sensor grid on the ... Keywords: eyes-free interaction, finger-mounted device, instant-available, nail device, private input, subtle interaction

Liwei Chan, Rong-Hao Liang, Ming-Chang Tsai, Kai-Yin Cheng, Chao-Huai Su, Mike Y. Chen, Wen-Huang Cheng, Bing-Yu Chen

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Required Calibrations Legal Document  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... This document is a Calibration Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (C-CRADA) between your company and NIST. ...

2013-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

86

Table 1A","Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil by PAD District (Domestic  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

A","Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil by PAD District (Domestic)" A","Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil by PAD District (Domestic)" ,"(Dollars per Barrel)" ,,," "," " ,,,"Previous ","Final" "Frequency","Date","Area","Price","Price","Difference" "Annual",2010,"PAD District 2",78.7,78.85,0.15 ,,"PAD District 4",73.65,73.56,-0.09 ,,"U.S.",77.96,78.01,0.05 ,2011,"PAD District 3",103.19,103.24,0.05 ,,"PAD District 2",96.82,96.81,-0.01 ,,"PAD District 4",89.36,89.34,-0.02 ,,"U.S.",100.74,100.71,-0.03 ,,"PAD District 5",103.85,103.83,-0.02 "Month","application/vnd.ms-excel","PAD District 4",73.68,72.66,-1.02

87

A publication of the Airport Technical Assistance Program of the Center for Transportation Studies at the University of Minnesota Purchasing equipment for your airport can  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at the University of Minnesota Purchasing equipment for your airport can be an easy process with the help of your Mn and future needs, research equipment types and manufacturers, get several price estimates, justify the need for the equip- ment, provide background information to your airport sponsor, and verify that the costs

Minnesota, University of

88

Welcome to NIST Calibrations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... In general, this C-CRADA protects your calibration information as well as providing you with a firm price quote, explaining invoicing information ...

2013-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

89

Thermometry Calibration Services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Hygrometers – chilled mirror – electric ... If you are sending an SPRT for calibration, please measure the triple point of water resistance R(TPW ...

2013-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

90

Uncertainty and Dimensional Calibrations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... are very sensitive to the size and condition of the ... is the same as steel for our conditions. ... a calibrated linear variable differen- tial transformer (LVDT ...

2013-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

91

DOE to Build Hydrogen Fuel Test Facility at West Virginia Airport |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE to Build Hydrogen Fuel Test Facility at West Virginia Airport DOE to Build Hydrogen Fuel Test Facility at West Virginia Airport DOE to Build Hydrogen Fuel Test Facility at West Virginia Airport March 25, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) today announced plans to construct and operate a hydrogen fuel production plant and vehicle fueling station at the Yeager Airport in Charleston, W.Va. The facility will use grid electricity to split water to produce pure hydrogen fuel. The fuel will be used by the airport's operations and the 130th Air Wing of the West Virginia Air National Guard. NETL will begin operations at the Yeager Airport facility in August 2009 and plans to conduct two years of testing and evaluation. The facility will be designed using "open architecture," allowing the capability to add

92

Airports Soar to New Heights with Alternative Fuels | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Airports Soar to New Heights with Alternative Fuels Airports Soar to New Heights with Alternative Fuels Airports Soar to New Heights with Alternative Fuels February 22, 2011 - 2:27pm Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program A recent flight to a conference inspired me to think about the impact of airports on our environment and society. Although modern planes have made it safe and fun to travel around the world, they use a vast amount of fuel. The petroleum used by the array of behind-the-scenes equipment, from shuttle buses to luggage carriers, adds up as well. Although Clean Cities doesn't address planes, our 87 local coalitions have helped airports limit their petroleum use in other ways, reducing their smog-forming and greenhouse gas emissions. A number of airports have adopted the use of alternative fuels and advanced

93

Airports Soar to New Heights with Alternative Fuels | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Airports Soar to New Heights with Alternative Fuels Airports Soar to New Heights with Alternative Fuels Airports Soar to New Heights with Alternative Fuels February 22, 2011 - 2:27pm Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program A recent flight to a conference inspired me to think about the impact of airports on our environment and society. Although modern planes have made it safe and fun to travel around the world, they use a vast amount of fuel. The petroleum used by the array of behind-the-scenes equipment, from shuttle buses to luggage carriers, adds up as well. Although Clean Cities doesn't address planes, our 87 local coalitions have helped airports limit their petroleum use in other ways, reducing their smog-forming and greenhouse gas emissions. A number of airports have adopted the use of alternative fuels and advanced

94

The economic and environmental potential of electric cars within the Amsterdam Airport Corridor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Electric cars currently receive much attention. Schiphol Group considers the uptake of electric cars an interesting solution to decrease transport related emissions around the airport.… (more)

Nobel, N.C.X.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Calibration method for spectroscopic systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Calibration spots of optically-characterized material placed in the field of view of a spectroscopic system allow calibration of the spectroscopic system. Response from the calibration spots is measured and used to calibrate for varying spectroscopic system operating parameters. The accurate calibration achieved allows quantitative spectroscopic analysis of responses taken at different times, different excitation conditions, and of different targets. 3 figs.

Sandison, D.R.

1998-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

96

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

98.6 75.5 77.3 90.7 86.1 91.1 64.5 See footnotes at end of table. 39. No. 2 Distillate Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States 224 Energy Information Administration...

97

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

96.3 72.5 71.8 87.1 82.9 88.2 62.5 See footnotes at end of table. 39. No. 2 Distillate Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States 224 Energy Information Administration...

98

Safety assessment of the Area 6 Decontamination Pad and Laundry  

SciTech Connect

The Safety Assessment of the Area 6 Decontamination Pad and Laundry, prepared in accordance with DOE Order 5481.1A, identifies and evaluates potential radiation and chemical hazards to personnel, and impacts on the environment. Site and facility characteristics, as well as routine and nonroutine operations are discussed. Hypothetical incidents and accidents are described and evaluated. 3 figures, 1 table.

Chilton, M.W.; Orcutt, J.A.

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Fluid Metrology Calibration Services - Water Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fluid Metrology Calibration Services - Water Flow. Water Flow Calibrations 18020C. ... NIST provides calibration services for water flow meters. ...

2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

100

Contributions from a Local Ensemble Prediction System (LEPS) for Improving Fog and Low Cloud Forecasts at Airports  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At Paris’ international airport, named Roissy Charles de Gaulle (CdG), air traffic safety and management as well as economic issues related to poor visibility conditions are crucial. Meteorologists face the challenge of supplying airport ...

Stevie Roquelaure; Thierry Bergot

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Ground access to major airports in the United States : summary of present characteristics and evaluation of future requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synopsis: The ground access problem at United States airports will be discussed in general terms. Those characteristics of airport users relative to ground transportation will be analyzed to provide a clear picture of the ...

Munds, Allan J.

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Roundness calibration standard  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A roundness calibration standard is provided with a first arc constituting the major portion of a circle and a second arc lying between the remainder of the circle and the chord extending between the ends of said first arc.

Burrus, B.M.

1982-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

103

Roundness calibration standard  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A roundness calibration standard is provided with a first arc constituting the major portion of a circle and a second arc lying between the remainder of the circle and the chord extending between the ends of said first arc.

Burrus, Brice M. (6620 Wachese La., Knoxville, TN 37912)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Benchmarking european airports based on a profitability envelope: a break-even analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper a simplified benchmarking methodology is presented. This new approach is based on the computation of a discrete envelope over distributed data points. Financial and operational data from 139 European airports in 10 countries was collected ... Keywords: airport benchmarking, break-even analysis, profit maximization

Branko Bubalo

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Integrated calibration sphere and calibration step fixture for improved coordinate measurement machine calibration  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for mounting a calibration sphere to a calibration fixture for Coordinate Measurement Machine (CMM) calibration and qualification is described, decreasing the time required for such qualification, thus allowing the CMM to be used more productively. A number of embodiments are disclosed that allow for new and retrofit manufacture to perform as integrated calibration sphere and calibration fixture devices. This invention renders unnecessary the removal of a calibration sphere prior to CMM measurement of calibration features on calibration fixtures, thereby greatly reducing the time spent qualifying a CMM.

Clifford, Harry J. (Los Alamos, NM)

2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

106

Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Movements by Pipeline between PAD  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline between PAD Districts Pipeline between PAD Districts Product: Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Crude Oil Petroleum Products Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Motor Gasoline Blend. Comp. (MGBC) MGBC - Reformulated MGBC - Reformulated RBOB MGBC - RBOB for Blending w/ Alcohol* MGBC - Conventional MGBC - CBOB MGBC - Conventional GTAB MGBC - Conventional Other Renewable Fuels Renewable Diesel Fuel Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Conventional Other Gasoline Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and Under Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Miscellaneous Products Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels

107

Community response to noise from a general aviation airport  

SciTech Connect

The paper provides relationships between noise level and response variables through an analysis of social survey and physical data collected around a small general aviation airport. The responses investigated included annoyance, activity interference, health effects, and non-noise effects of general aviation traffic, such as fear of crashes, air pollution, aircraft lights, house vibration, and television interference. Results indicate a much higher response than that predicted by Schultz (1978), e.g., at 30 NEF, Schultz predicts approximately 15% highly annoyed, compared with 28% in this study.

Birnie, S.E.; Hall, F.L.; Taylor, S.M.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Verde iPad app | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

iPad app iPad app Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Verde iPad app Agency/Company /Organization: Verde Sustainable Solutions, L3C Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Phase: Create Early Successes Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Application prototype User Interface: Mobile Device Website: www.verdel3c.com Country: United States Locality: all Web Application Link: bit.ly/wuHQ1S Cost: Paid UN Region: Northern America Coordinates: 37.09024°, -95.712891° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.09024,"lon":-95.712891,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

109

A major cogeneration system goes in at JFK International Airport. Low-visibility privatization in a high-impact environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article describes the first major privatization effort to be completed at John F. Kennedy International Airport. The airport owner and operator, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, decided to seek private sector involvement in a capital-intensive project to expand and upgrade the airport`s heating and air conditioning facilities and construct a new cogeneration plant. Kennedy International Airport Cogeneration (KIAC) Partners, a partnership between Gas Energy Incorporated of New York and Community Energy Alternatives of New Jersey, was selected to develop an energy center to supply electricity and hot and chilled water to meet the airport`s growing energy demand. Construction of a 110 MW cogeneration plant, 7,000 tons of chilled water equipment, and 30,000 feet of hot water delivery piping started immediately. JFK Airport`s critical international position called for this substantial project to be developed almost invisibly; no interruption in heating and air conditioning service and no interference in the airport`s active operations could be tolerated. Commercial operation was achieved in February 1995.

Leibler, J. [Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, New York, NY (United States); Luxton, R. [Kennedy International Airport Cogeneration Partners, Jamaica, NY (United States); Ostberg, P. [CEA Kennedy Operators, Inc., Jamaica, NY (United States)

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Uncertainty and calibration analysis  

SciTech Connect

All measurements contain some deviation from the true value which is being measured. In the common vernacular this deviation between the true value and the measured value is called an inaccuracy, an error, or a mistake. Since all measurements contain errors, it is necessary to accept that there is a limit to how accurate a measurement can be. The undertainty interval combined with the confidence level, is one measure of the accuracy for a measurement or value. Without a statement of uncertainty (or a similar parameter) it is not possible to evaluate if the accuracy of the measurement, or data, is appropriate. The preparation of technical reports, calibration evaluations, and design calculations should consider the accuracy of measurements and data being used. There are many methods to accomplish this. This report provides a consistent method for the handling of measurement tolerances, calibration evaluations and uncertainty calculations. The SRS Quality Assurance (QA) Program requires that the uncertainty of technical data and instrument calibrations be acknowledged and estimated. The QA Program makes some specific technical requirements related to the subject but does not provide a philosophy or method on how uncertainty should be estimated. This report was prepared to provide a technical basis to support the calculation of uncertainties and the calibration of measurement and test equipment for any activity within the Experimental Thermal-Hydraulics (ETH) Group. The methods proposed in this report provide a graded approach for estimating the uncertainty of measurements, data, and calibrations. The method is based on the national consensus standard, ANSI/ASME PTC 19.1.

Coutts, D.A.

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Assessment of a Low-Level Waste Outside Storage Pad Design Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI has developed a method for designing an outside pad and modules for interim on-site storage of low-level waste. A detailed comparison between EPRI's outside storage pad facility design and cost projections and those of Boston Edison revealed excellent agreement between the two estimates. This report provides detailed information on how to approach the design of an outside storage pad facility as well as use of the EPRI method for an on-site storage project.

1996-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

112

NIST: Technical Bulletin on Airport Backscatter X-ray Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The energy scale was calibrated using the 14.1 keV and 122.1 keV gamma energies from a ... measurements outside of the primary beam, due to ...

2011-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

113

Analysis of airline schedule padding on U.S. domestic routes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Every airline passenger faces the risk of arriving late because flight times are subjected to many sources of variability. These can be weather conditions and airspace congestion, imbalances between airport demand and ...

Skaltsas, Gerasimos

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Innovative Design Concept for the New Bangkok International Airport, NBIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal and visual comfort for the occupants of a room are not defined by air temperature only, but also radiation with its three components solar radiation, daylight and heat radiation has to be taken into account (among other factors such as humidity, air speed and occupant activity and clothing levels). In hot climates the optimization of room comfort is a challenging task due to the high solar radiation over the whole year. In intelligent buildings new material developments are applied optimizing the building envelope in an integral building design process. New solutions for weather, noise and heat protection are developed, where building envelope and installed mechanical equipment work together creating optimal comfort at minimum energy consumption. This approach was used in the design of the New Bangkok International Airport, NBIA to develop an optimized building concept in a design team comprising the architects, structural and mechanical engineers, HVAC, acoustic and climate engineers.

Kessling, W.; Holst, S.; Schuler, M.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Mercury Calibration System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Performance Specification 12 in the Clean Air Mercury Rule (CAMR) states that a mercury CEM must be calibrated with National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST)-traceable standards. In early 2009, a NIST traceable standard for elemental mercury CEM calibration still does not exist. Despite the vacature of CAMR by a Federal appeals court in early 2008, a NIST traceable standard is still needed for whatever regulation is implemented in the future. Thermo Fisher is a major vendor providing complete integrated mercury continuous emissions monitoring (CEM) systems to the industry. WRI is participating with EPA, EPRI, NIST, and Thermo Fisher towards the development of the criteria that will be used in the traceability protocols to be issued by EPA. An initial draft of an elemental mercury calibration traceability protocol was distributed for comment to the participating research groups and vendors on a limited basis in early May 2007. In August 2007, EPA issued an interim traceability protocol for elemental mercury calibrators. Various working drafts of the new interim traceability protocols were distributed in late 2008 and early 2009 to participants in the Mercury Standards Working Committee project. The protocols include sections on qualification and certification. The qualification section describes in general terms tests that must be conducted by the calibrator vendors to demonstrate that their calibration equipment meets the minimum requirements to be established by EPA for use in CAMR monitoring. Variables to be examined include linearity, ambient temperature, back pressure, ambient pressure, line voltage, and effects of shipping. None of the procedures were described in detail in the draft interim documents; however they describe what EPA would like to eventually develop. WRI is providing the data and results to EPA for use in developing revised experimental procedures and realistic acceptance criteria based on actual capabilities of the current calibration technology. As part of the current effort, WRI worked with Thermo Fisher elemental mercury calibrator units to conduct qualification experiments to demonstrate their performance characteristics under a variety of conditions and to demonstrate that they qualify for use in the CEM calibration program. Monitoring of speciated mercury is another concern of this research. The mercury emissions from coal-fired power plants are comprised of both elemental and oxidized mercury. Current CEM analyzers are designed to measure elemental mercury only. Oxidized mercury must first be converted to elemental mercury prior to entering the analyzer inlet in order to be measured. CEM systems must demonstrate the ability to measure both elemental and oxidized mercury. This requires the use of oxidized mercury generators with an efficient conversion of the oxidized mercury to elemental mercury. There are currently two basic types of mercuric chloride (HgCl{sub 2}) generators used for this purpose. One is an evaporative HgCl{sub 2} generator, which produces gas standards of known concentration by vaporization of aqueous HgCl{sub 2} solutions and quantitative mixing with a diluent carrier gas. The other is a device that converts the output from an elemental Hg generator to HgCl{sub 2} by means of a chemical reaction with chlorine gas. The Thermo Fisher oxidizer system involves reaction of elemental mercury vapor with chlorine gas at an elevated temperature. The draft interim protocol for oxidized mercury units involving reaction with chlorine gas requires the vendors to demonstrate high efficiency of oxidation of an elemental mercury stream from an elemental mercury vapor generator. The Thermo Fisher oxidizer unit is designed to operate at the power plant stack at the probe outlet. Following oxidation of elemental mercury from reaction with chlorine gas, a high temperature module reduces the mercuric chloride back to elemental mercury. WRI conducted work with a custom laboratory configured stand-alone oxidized mercury generator unit prov

John Schabron; Eric Kalberer; Joseph Rovani; Mark Sanderson; Ryan Boysen; William Schuster

2009-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

116

Table 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by PAD District and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1 Percent Sulfur Greater Than 1 Percent Average...

117

Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 233 Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States (Cents per Gallon...

118

Table 37. Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

48 Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Supply Monthly, October 2011 Table 37. Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD District, October 2011

119

Table 28. PAD District 3 - Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 28. PAD District 3 - Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, 2010 (Thousand Barrels) — Continued Country of Origin

120

Table 10a. Fuel Consumed at Refineries by PAD District, 2010 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Used as Feedstock for Hydrogen Production by PAD District, 2010 (Million Cubic Feet) Natural Gas Used As Feedstock For Hydrogen Production

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Calibration Procedures: Standard Operating Procedures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 18, Calibration of Graduated Neck-Type Metal Volumetric Field Standards, Volumetric Transfer Method Revision ... 20, Standard Deviation and Range ...

2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

122

Method PAD Districts I II III IV V United States  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Method Method PAD Districts I II III IV V United States Table 9. Refinery Receipts of Crude Oil by Method of Transportation by PAD District, 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Pipeline Domestic 3,989 665,625 988,103 88,072 243,055 1,988,844 Foreign 21,230 569,209 374,991 81,074 55,191 1,101,695 Tanker Domestic 3,537 0 6,795 0 182,822 193,154 Foreign 269,722 0 1,261,640 0 367,865 1,899,227 Barge Domestic 11,303 8,899 130,591 0 408 151,201 Foreign 12,497 596 43,718 0 23,652 80,463 Tank Cars Domestic 5,916 2,070 12,072 0 10,027 30,085 Foreign 3,685 0 235 0 194 4,114 Trucks Domestic 3,715 7,856 73,171 39,163 7,347 131,252 Foreign 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total Domestic 28,460 684,450 1,210,732 127,235 443,659 2,494,536 Foreign 307,134 569,805 1,680,584 81,074 446,902 3,085,499

123

Commodity PAD Districts I II III IV V United States  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Commodity Commodity PAD Districts I II III IV V United States Table 10a. Fuel Consumed at Refineries by PAD District, 2012 (Thousand Barrels, Except Where Noted) Crude Oil 0 0 0 0 0 0 Liquefied Petroleum Gases 0 464 490 49 518 1,521 Distillate Fuel Oil 4 89 236 1 209 539 Residual Fuel Oil 26 18 11 16 469 540 Still Gas 13,838 50,328 108,359 8,694 38,875 220,094 Marketable Petroleum Coke 0 0 0 528 166 694 Catalyst Petroleum Coke 9,003 17,611 42,614 2,852 12,416 84,496 Natural Gas (million cubic feet) 38,347 143,702 474,359 26,971 159,849 843,228 Coal (thousand short tons) 30 0 0 0 0 30 Purchased Electricity (million kWh) 2,355 11,892 23,255 2,003 5,130 44,635 Purchased Steam (million pounds) 3,849 12,723 88,922 1,439 14,426 121,359 Other Products 40 47 677 67 1,141 1,972

124

Table 4. Estimation Results for PAD District Regions  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4. Estimation Results for PAD District Regions 4. Estimation Results for PAD District Regions Dependent Variable: D(RETPAD1) Dependent Variable: D(RETPAD2) Dependent Variable: D(RETPAD3) Dependent Variable: D(RETPAD4) Dependent Variable: D(RETPAD5) Sample: 1/03/2000 to 6/24/2002 Sample: 1/03/2000 to 6/24/2002 Sample: 1/03/2000 to 6/24/2002 Sample: 6/15/1998 to 6/24/2002 Sample: 1/03/2000 to 6/24/2002 Variable Coefficient Variable Coefficient Variable Coefficient Variable Coefficient Variable Coefficient C 0.008 C -0.019 C -0.015 C -0.030 C 0.049 (0.098) (0.199) (0.115) (0.087) (0.148) DSPOTPAD1(-1) 0.295*** DSPOTPAD2(-1) 0.671*** DSPOTPAD3(-1) 0.334*** DSPOTPAD4(-1) 0.132*** DSPOTPAD5(-1) 0.184*** (0.023) (0.034) (0.026) (0.021) (0.023)

125

How to prepare an airport for the Olympic Games? : transportation of the Olympic Family Members  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes and assesses the preparation of Athens International Airport for and its performance during the Olympic Games in 2004. The analysis includes infrastructural modifications made and organizational ...

Kassens, Eva

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

High-Resolution Weather Database for the Terminal Area of Frankfurt Airport  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 1-yr meteorological dataset for the terminal area of Frankfurt Airport in Germany has been generated with a numerical weather prediction system to provide a synthetic though realistic database for the evaluation of new operational aircraft ...

Michael Frech; Frank Holzäpfel; Arnold Tafferner; Thomas Gerz

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Microburst Wind Structure and Evaluation of Doppler Radar for Airport Wind Shear Detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Doppler weather radar data from the Joint Airport Weather Studies (JAWS) Project are used to determine the horizontal and vertical structure of airflow within microbursts. Typically, the associated downdraft is about 1 km wide and begins to ...

James W. Wilson; Rita D. Roberts; Cathy Kessinger; John McCarthy

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Estimating current and future benefits of airport surface congestion management techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air traffic is expected to continue to grow in the future and improved methods for dealing with the increased demand on the system need to be designed and implemented. One method for reducing surface congestion at airports ...

Nakahara, Alex (Alex Hiroo)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Estimation of the economic relationship of an airport to the regional economy : a critical analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the past decade many major U.S. airports have encountered extensive opposition to plans for future growth and expansion from environmentalists and community groups who cite the noise and air pollution created and the ...

Fortune, Stephen James

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Snow-Band Formation and Evolution during the 15 November 1987 Aircraft Accident at Denver Airport  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The formation and evolution of convective rain and snow bands prior to and during the crash of Continental Airlines flight 1713 on 15 November 1987 at Denver Stapleton Airport are discussed. Convective rain occurred during the early stages of the ...

Roy M. Rasmussen; Andrew Crook; Cathy Kessinger

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Development of techniques for rapidly assessing the local air quality impacts of airports  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The combustion of fossil fuels for aviation activity harms air quality and human health near airports through the production of PM2.5. Currently, dispersion models can assess these local-scale (distances ~10 km) impacts, ...

Lee, Gideon (Gideon Luther)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

4. Title and Subtitle Runway-area Topographic Considerations In Airport Licensing 7. Authors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alabama’s general use airports were studied by traditional surveying and global positioning satellite techniques to determine if natural or manmade topographic hazards existed in their runway protection zones (RPZ). The severity of obstructions in the RPZ was rated on a scale of 1-5, with the severity increasing with number. Many of the airports surveyed have significant obstructions in their RPZ and are a hazard to approaching and departing aircraft. The results of this study point to the use of a RPZ obstruction rating as part of the Alabama Department of Transportation (ALDOT) airport design algorithm. The data generated during this project was compiled as a Technical Appendix, published in two companion reports for this project (UTCA Reports 03108-A and 03108-B). Photographs were taken of runway-end conditions during the project; these were provided to the ALDOT Aviation Bureau. 17. Key Words Runway, approach, departure, airport design, topography, Protection zones

Mr. Brian Hatcher; Mr. Todd Sullivan; Mr. Jeff Tedder; Mr. Jon Williams; Dr. Charles; D. Haynes; Mr. Brian Hatcher; Mr. Todd Sullivan; Mr. Jeff Tedder; Dr. Charles Haynes

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

An Experiment to Measure the Value of Statistical Probability Forecasts for Airports  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The economic value of weather forecasts for airports for commercial aviation is investigated by introducing financial data into the decision-making process for fuel carriage by aircraft. Using specific operating costs for a given flight, an ...

Ross Keith; Stephen M. Leyton

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Potential airport capacity gains from the optimal assignment of aircraft types to runways  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large commercial airports worldwide still experience demand in excess of capacity which leads to considerable delays. As an operational solution to alleviate delays, this thesis presents a model that aims at increasing ...

Kohler, Alf, 1962-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Application of Artificial Neural Network Forecasts to Predict Fog at Canberra International Airport  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The occurrence of fog can significantly impact air transport operations, and plays an important role in aviation safety. The economic value of aviation forecasts for Sydney Airport alone in 1993 was estimated at $6.8 million (Australian dollars) ...

Dustin Fabbian; Richard de Dear; Stephen Lellyett

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

The Influence of Weather on Flight Operations at the Atlanta Hartsfield International Airport  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of various types of weather on aircraft operations for one airline for 3 yr at Atlanta Hartsfield International Airport is investigated. Impacts are expressed as delays defined in terms of the difference between the actual flight time ...

Peter J. Robinson

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Calibrated vapor generator source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A portable vapor generator is disclosed that can provide a controlled source of chemical vapors, such as, narcotic or explosive vapors. This source can be used to test and calibrate various types of vapor detection systems by providing a known amount of vapors to the system. The vapor generator is calibrated using a reference ion mobility spectrometer. A method of providing this vapor is described, as follows: explosive or narcotic is deposited on quartz wool, placed in a chamber that can be heated or cooled (depending on the vapor pressure of the material) to control the concentration of vapors in the reservoir. A controlled flow of air is pulsed over the quartz wool releasing a preset quantity of vapors at the outlet.

Davies, John P. (Idaho Falls, ID); Larson, Ronald A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Goodrich, Lorenzo D. (Shelley, ID); Hall, Harold J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Stoddard, Billy D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Davis, Sean G. (Idaho Falls, ID); Kaser, Timothy G. (Idaho Falls, ID); Conrad, Frank J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Calibrated vapor generator source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A portable vapor generator is disclosed that can provide a controlled source of chemical vapors, such as, narcotic or explosive vapors. This source can be used to test and calibrate various types of vapor detection systems by providing a known amount of vapors to the system. The vapor generator is calibrated using a reference ion mobility spectrometer. A method of providing this vapor is described, as follows: explosive or narcotic is deposited on quartz wool, placed in a chamber that can be heated or cooled (depending on the vapor pressure of the material) to control the concentration of vapors in the reservoir. A controlled flow of air is pulsed over the quartz wool releasing a preset quantity of vapors at the outlet. 10 figs.

Davies, J.P.; Larson, R.A.; Goodrich, L.D.; Hall, H.J.; Stoddard, B.D.; Davis, S.G.; Kaser, T.G.; Conrad, F.J.

1995-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

139

Austin-Bergstrom International Airport Electrification: Landside Vehicle and Airside Equipment Operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Air quality standards nonattainment issues have become an increasingly pressing issue for airports located in metropolitan areas. Research has shown that reduction of ground support equipment (GSE) emissions will be instrumental in meeting emissions standards and facilitating low environmental impact growth. Austin-Bergstrom International Airport (ABIA)located about eight miles southeast of downtown Austin, Texas, and supporting a narrow-body aircraft fleetprovides the perfect test venue for replacing ex...

2011-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

140

Mesoscale hybrid calibration artifact  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mesoscale calibration artifact, also called a hybrid artifact, suitable for hybrid dimensional measurement and the method for make the artifact. The hybrid artifact has structural characteristics that make it suitable for dimensional measurement in both vision-based systems and touch-probe-based systems. The hybrid artifact employs the intersection of bulk-micromachined planes to fabricate edges that are sharp to the nanometer level and intersecting planes with crystal-lattice-defined angles.

Tran, Hy D. (Albuquerque, NM); Claudet, Andre A. (Albuquerque, NM); Oliver, Andrew D. (Waltham, MA)

2010-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

TIME CALIBRATED OSCILLOSCOPE SWEEP  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The time calibrator of an electric signal displayed on an oscilloscope is described. In contrast to the conventional technique of using time-calibrated divisions on the face of the oscilloscope, this invention provides means for directly superimposing equal time spaced markers upon a signal displayed upon an oscilloscope. More explicitly, the present invention includes generally a generator for developing a linear saw-tooth voltage and a circuit for combining a high-frequency sinusoidal voltage of a suitable amplitude and frequency with the saw-tooth voltage to produce a resultant sweep deflection voltage having a wave shape which is substantially linear with respect to time between equal time spaced incremental plateau regions occurring once each cycle of the sinusoidal voltage. The foregoing sweep voltage when applied to the horizontal deflection plates in combination with a signal to be observed applied to the vertical deflection plates of a cathode ray oscilloscope produces an image on the viewing screen which is essentially a display of the signal to be observed with respect to time. Intensified spots, or certain other conspicuous indications corresponding to the equal time spaced plateau regions of said sweep voltage, appear superimposed upon said displayed signal, which indications are therefore suitable for direct time calibration purposes.

Owren, H.M.; Johnson, B.M.; Smith, V.L.

1958-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

142

The Rough Guide to the iPad, 2nd edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It's an eBook reader. It's a touch-screen computer. It's a games machine. It's a movie player. It's for browsing the web and sending emails. Whatever you think the Apple iPad is, "The Rough Guide to the iPad" will show you that it's so much more, and ...

Peter Buckley

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Using a dance pad to navigate through the virtual heritage environment of macquarie lighthouse, Sydney  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we look at the potential of a novel navigational interface, a dance pad, to allow users to intuitively explore a virtual heritage environment. An immersive Virtual Reality environment has been created to learn about the historical background ... Keywords: USB dance pad, alternative HCI input devices, virtual heritage, virtual reality, virtual-immersive environments

Eric Fassbender; Debbie Richards

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

iT4U@princeton Princeton student computers and iPads, too  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

iT4U@princeton Princeton student computers and iPads, too Buying a new computer? Check out the computers offered through the Princeton Student Computer Initiative (SCI) program. There's a Dell convertible laptop to tablet model and, with Apple models, you can bundle in an iPad, too! SCI computers come

Rowley, Clarence W.

145

Physical key-protected one-time pad  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe an encrypted communication principle that can form a perfectly secure link between two parties without electronically saving either of their keys. Instead, cryptographic key bits are kept safe within the unique mesoscopic randomness of two volumetric scattering materials. We demonstrate how a shared set of patterned optical probes can generate 10 gigabits of statistically verified randomness between a pair of unique 2 cubic millimeter scattering objects. This shared randomness is used to facilitate information-theoretically secure communication following a modified one-time pad protocol. Benefits of volumetric physical storage over electronic memory include the inability to probe, duplicate or selectively reset any random bits without fundamentally altering the entire key space. Beyond the demonstrated communication scheme, our ability to securely couple the randomness contained within two unique physical objects may help strengthen the hardware for a large class of cryptographic protocols, which ...

Horstmeyer, Roarke; Vellekoop, Ivo; Yang, Changhuei

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 9): Tucson International Airport Area (volume 1 and 2), Tucson, AZ, September 30, 1997  

SciTech Connect

This Record of Decision (ROD) addresses the contamination at the Tucson International Airport Property (hereafter referred to as the `Airport Property`), Burr-Brown Corporation property (Burr-Brown Property) and the former West-Cap Arizona Company property (former West-Cap Property) located within the Tucson International Airport Area Superfund Site in Tucson, Arizona (TIAA Site). This ROD addresses soils and shallow groundwater contaminated with volatile organic compounds (VOCs), soil and sludges contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and closure of the Tucson Airport Authority Landfill (TAA Landfill).

NONE

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Review of EU airport energy interests and priorities with respect to ICT, energy efficiency and enhanced building operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper gives an overview on EU airport energy interests and priorities with respect to ICT, energy efficiency and enhanced building operation. To achieve this objective the paper begins with an overview on airports role on energy consumption, then novel review of airport energy consumption figures and energy efficiency actions at the EU level is presented. The research covers also interest and requirements of two Italian airports (MXP and FCO) in relation to enhanced operation which include: sub-metering and visualisation needed to better understand the end energy use, data analysis for benchmarking and correlation with operational and weather data, action management for maintenance operation support.

Costa, A.; Blanes, L. M.; Donnelly, C.; Keane, M. M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

"Green Launching Pad" Supports Clean Energy Small Businesses | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

"Green Launching Pad" Supports Clean Energy Small Businesses "Green Launching Pad" Supports Clean Energy Small Businesses "Green Launching Pad" Supports Clean Energy Small Businesses May 24, 2012 - 2:01pm Addthis Green Launching Pad 2.0 awards ceremony with Secretary Chu, Gov. John Lynch, and UNH President Mark Huddleston held at EnerTrac, Inc., in Hudson, NH. | Courtesy of University of New Hampshire Photographic Services Green Launching Pad 2.0 awards ceremony with Secretary Chu, Gov. John Lynch, and UNH President Mark Huddleston held at EnerTrac, Inc., in Hudson, NH. | Courtesy of University of New Hampshire Photographic Services Julie McAlpin Communications Liaison, State Energy Program What does this mean for me? The Energy Department continues to invest in the small businesses that make up the backbone of our economy.

149

Laser Power and Energy Calibrations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... calibration services for meters used with the lasers, wavelengths, and power ranges shown in the following table. Other laser wavelengths, power ...

2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

150

1000 Calibration Reports . . . And Counting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... day on average, with a 96 % on-time completion rate ... Photons transfer their energy to the detector as heat ... 10 pages long, with the costs of calibration ...

2013-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

151

HYDROCARBON LIQUID FLOW CALIBRATION SERVICE ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and is the cross correlation coefficient ... a NIST Hydrocarbon Liquid Flow Calibration Facility ... FED2004-56790, 2004 Heat Transfer/Fluids Engineering ...

2012-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

152

Measurement Services (SRMs and Calibrations)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... SRMs are sold to industry for calibrating scientific instruments over an incredibly large ... G. Klouda, J. Moody, R. Parris, R. Schaffer, E. Steel, J. Taylor ...

2010-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

153

Atmospheric optical calibration system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An atmospheric optical calibration system is provided to compare actual atmospheric optical conditions to standard atmospheric optical conditions on the basis of aerosol optical depth, relative air mass, and diffuse horizontal skylight to global horizontal photon flux ratio. An indicator can show the extent to which the actual conditions vary from standard conditions. Aerosol scattering and absorption properties, diffuse horizontal skylight to global horizontal photon flux ratio, and precipitable water vapor determined on a real-time basis for optical and pressure measurements are also used to generate a computer spectral model and for correcting actual performance response of a photovoltaic device to standard atmospheric optical condition response on a real-time basis as the device is being tested in actual outdoor conditions.

Hulstrom, Roland L. (Bloomfield, CO); Cannon, Theodore W. (Golden, CO)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Atmospheric optical calibration system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An atmospheric optical calibration system is provided to compare actual atmospheric optical conditions to standard atmospheric optical conditions on the basis of aerosol optical depth, relative air mass, and diffuse horizontal skylight to global horizontal photon flux ratio. An indicator can show the extent to which the actual conditions vary from standard conditions. Aerosol scattering and absorption properties, diffuse horizontal skylight to global horizontal photon flux ratio, and precipitable water vapor determined on a real-time basis for optical and pressure measurements are also used to generate a computer spectral model and for correcting actual performance response of a photovoltaic device to standard atmospheric optical condition response on a real-time basis as the device is being tested in actual outdoor conditions. 7 figs.

Hulstrom, R.L.; Cannon, T.W.

1988-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

155

Historical Material Analysis of DC745U Pressure Pads  

SciTech Connect

As part of the Enhance Surveillance mission, it is the goal to provide suitable lifetime assessment of stockpile materials. This report is an accumulation of historical publication on the DC745U material and their findings. It is the intention that the B61 LEP program uses this collection of data to further develop their understanding and potential areas of study. DC745U is a commercially available silicone elastomer consisting of dimethyl, methyl-phenyl, and methyl-vinyl siloxane repeat units. Originally, this material was manufactured by Dow Corning as Silastic{reg_sign} DC745U at their manufacturing facility in Kendallville, IN. Recently, Dow Corning shifted this material to the Xiameter{reg_sign} brand product line. Currently, DC745U is available through Xiameter{reg_sign} or Dow Corning's distributor R. D. Abbott Company. DC745U is cured using 0.5 wt% vinyl-specific peroxide curing agent known as Luperox 101 or Varox DBPH-50. This silicone elastomer is used in numerous parts, including two major components (outer pressure pads and aft cap support) in the W80 and as pressure pads on the B61. DC745U is a proprietary formulation, thus Dow Corning provides limited information on its composition and properties. Based on past experience with Dow Corning, DC745U is at risk of formulation changes without notification to the costumer. A formulation change for DC745U may have a significant impact because the network structure is a key variable in determining material properties. The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of historical DC745U studies and identify gaps that need to be addressed in future work. Some of the previous studies include the following: 1. Spectroscopic characterization of raw gum stock. 2. Spectroscopic, thermal, and mechanical studies on cured DC745U. 3. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and solvent swelling studies on DC745U with different crosslink densities. 4. NMR, solvent swelling, thermal, and mechanical studies on thermally aged DC745U. 5. NMR, solvent swelling, thermal, and mechanical studies on radiolytically aged DC745U. Each area is reviewed and further work is suggested to improve our understanding of DC745U for systems engineering, surveillance, aging assessments, and lifetime assessment.

Ortiz-Acosta, Denisse [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

156

Generation of an Eddy Dissipation Rate Map at the Hong Kong International Airport Based on Doppler Lidar Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Turbulent airflow mostly occurs at Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA) when winds blow off the hills on the Lantau Island (with peaks rising to almost 1000 m to the south of the airport) from the east to the southwest. In a previous study by ...

P. W. Chan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

GRR/Section 13-FD-d - Airport Evaluation Process | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3-FD-d - Airport Evaluation Process 3-FD-d - Airport Evaluation Process < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 13-FD-d - Airport Evaluation Process 13FDDAirportEvaluationProcess.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Federal Aviation Administration United States Department of Defense Regulations & Policies 49 USC 44718: Structures Interfering with Air Commerce 49 USC 40103: Sovereignty & Use of Airspace Pub. L. 111-383 - the "Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 14 CFR 77 - Safe, Efficient Use, and Preservation of the Navigable Airspace Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 13FDDAirportEvaluationProcess.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range.

158

Microsoft PowerPoint - Pittsburgh International Airport to Morgantown Site Directions.ppt [Compatibility Mode]  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pittsburgh International Airport to Pittsburgh International Airport to Morgantown Site, Morgantown, WV 1. Exit airport on US-60S toward Pittsburgh/I-79S (follow signs to Pittsburgh, proceed ~7 miles). 2. Merge onto US-22E/US-30E toward Pittsburgh (proceed ~3 miles). 3. Merge onto I-79S toward WASHINGTON, PA (proceed ~25 miles). I-70 East merges with I-79, continue on I-70E/I-79S. 4. Merge RIGHT at Exit 21 onto I-79S toward MORGANTOWN, WV (proceed ~39 miles). 5 T k EXIT 155 STAR CITY EXIT t WV 7 WEST VIRGINIA UNIVERSITY 5. Take EXIT 155, STAR CITY EXIT at WV-7, WEST VIRGINIA UNIVERSITY. 6. Turn LEFT onto CHAPLIN HILL RD. Proceed to 2 nd light (US-19 intersection). 7. Bear RIGHT onto US-19; move into left lane; proceed to first light past bridge. 8. Turn left onto BOYERS AVE. 9. At intersection turn RIGHT onto UNIVERSITY AVE.

159

Calibration Facilities Documents | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services » Calibration Facilities » Calibration Facilities Services » Calibration Facilities » Calibration Facilities Documents Calibration Facilities Documents October 17, 2013 Field Calibration Facilities for Environmental Measurement of Radium, Thorium, and Potassium (October 2013) The first edition of this report, released in October 1982, presented physical-characteristic information for the various DOE radiologic-instrument calibration facilities located throughout the U.S. Three subsequent editions have been released in an effort to update information regarding the current status of the facilities. June 30, 1994 Field Calibration Facilities for Environmental Measurement of Radium, Thorium, and Potassium (June 1994) Field Calibration Facilities for Environmental Measurement of Radium, Thorium, and Potassium (June 1994)

160

Cost Benefit Analysis Modeling Tool for Electric vs. ICE Airport Ground Support Equipment – Development and Results  

SciTech Connect

This report documents efforts to develop a computer tool for modeling the economic payback for comparative airport ground support equipment (GSE) that are propelled by either electric motors or gasoline and diesel engines. The types of GSE modeled are pushback tractors, baggage tractors, and belt loaders. The GSE modeling tool includes an emissions module that estimates the amount of tailpipe emissions saved by replacing internal combustion engine GSE with electric GSE. This report contains modeling assumptions, methodology, a user’s manual, and modeling results. The model was developed based on the operations of two airlines at four United States airports.

James Francfort; Kevin Morrow; Dimitri Hochard

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Premium All Grades Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales...

162

Green Launching Pad Taps Six More Companies for Take-off  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

New Hampshire announced six new businesses participating in the Green Launching Pad partnership. The program connects businesses with investors and mentors, and also allows students the chance to create finance and marketing plans.

163

Mercury Continuous Emmission Monitor Calibration  

SciTech Connect

Mercury continuous emissions monitoring systems (CEMs) are being implemented in over 800 coal-fired power plant stacks throughput the U.S. Western Research Institute (WRI) is working closely with the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to facilitate the development of the experimental criteria for a NIST traceability protocol for dynamic elemental mercury vapor calibrators/generators. These devices are used to calibrate mercury CEMs at power plant sites. The Clean Air Mercury Rule (CAMR) which was published in the Federal Register on May 18, 2005 and vacated by a Federal appeals court in early 2008 required that calibration be performed with NIST-traceable standards. Despite the vacature, mercury emissions regulations in the future will require NIST traceable calibration standards, and EPA does not want to interrupt the effort towards developing NIST traceability protocols. The traceability procedures will be defined by EPA. An initial draft traceability protocol was issued by EPA in May 2007 for comment. In August 2007, EPA issued a conceptual interim traceability protocol for elemental mercury calibrators. The protocol is based on the actual analysis of the output of each calibration unit at several concentration levels ranging initially from about 2-40 {micro}g/m{sup 3} elemental mercury, and in the future down to 0.2 {micro}g/m{sup 3}, and this analysis will be directly traceable to analyses by NIST. The EPA traceability protocol document is divided into two separate sections. The first deals with the qualification of calibrator models by the vendors for use in mercury CEM calibration. The second describes the procedure that the vendors must use to certify the calibrators that meet the qualification specifications. The NIST traceable certification is performance based, traceable to analysis using isotope dilution inductively coupled plasma/mass spectrometry (ID/ICP/MS) performed by NIST in Gaithersburg, MD. The outputs of mercury calibrators are compared to one another using a nesting procedure which allows direct comparison of one calibrator with another at specific concentrations and eliminates analyzer variability effects. The qualification portion of the EPA interim traceability protocol requires the vendors to define calibrator performance as affected by variables such as pressure, temperature, line voltage, and shipping. In 2007 WRI developed and conducted a series of simplified qualification experiments to determine actual calibrator performance related to the variables defined in the qualification portion of the interim protocol.

John Schabron; Eric Kalberer; Ryan Boysen; William Schuster; Joseph Rovani

2009-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

164

V-141: HP ElitePad 900 Secure Boot Bug Lets Local Users Boot to Other  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: HP ElitePad 900 Secure Boot Bug Lets Local Users Boot to 1: HP ElitePad 900 Secure Boot Bug Lets Local Users Boot to Other Operating Systems V-141: HP ElitePad 900 Secure Boot Bug Lets Local Users Boot to Other Operating Systems April 24, 2013 - 1:06am Addthis PROBLEM: HP ElitePad 900 Secure Boot Bug Lets Local Users Boot to Other Operating Systems PLATFORM: HP ElitePad 900 with BIOS version vF.00 ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in HP ElitePad 900 REFERENCE LINKS: HP Document ID: c03727435 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1028461 CVE-2012-5218 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: The BIOS secure boot feature of the BIOS may not be enabled. A local user may be able to bypass the secure boot feature and boot an alternate operating system. IMPACT: A local user can may be able to boot to an alternate operating system. SOLUTION:

165

V-141: HP ElitePad 900 Secure Boot Bug Lets Local Users Boot to Other  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: HP ElitePad 900 Secure Boot Bug Lets Local Users Boot to 1: HP ElitePad 900 Secure Boot Bug Lets Local Users Boot to Other Operating Systems V-141: HP ElitePad 900 Secure Boot Bug Lets Local Users Boot to Other Operating Systems April 24, 2013 - 1:06am Addthis PROBLEM: HP ElitePad 900 Secure Boot Bug Lets Local Users Boot to Other Operating Systems PLATFORM: HP ElitePad 900 with BIOS version vF.00 ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in HP ElitePad 900 REFERENCE LINKS: HP Document ID: c03727435 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1028461 CVE-2012-5218 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: The BIOS secure boot feature of the BIOS may not be enabled. A local user may be able to bypass the secure boot feature and boot an alternate operating system. IMPACT: A local user can may be able to boot to an alternate operating system. SOLUTION:

166

Next Generation Non-particulate Dry Nonwoven Pad for Chemical Warfare Agent Decontamination  

SciTech Connect

New, non-particulate decontamination materials promise to reduce both military and civilian casualties by enabling individuals to decontaminate themselves and their equipment within minutes of exposure to chemical warfare agents or other toxic materials. One of the most promising new materials has been developed using a needlepunching nonwoven process to construct a novel and non-particulate composite fabric of multiple layers, including an inner layer of activated carbon fabric, which is well-suited for the decontamination of both personnel and equipment. This paper describes the development of a composite nonwoven pad and compares efficacy test results for this pad with results from testing other decontamination systems. The efficacy of the dry nonwoven fabric pad was demonstrated specifically for decontamination of the chemical warfare blister agent bis(2-chloroethyl)sulfide (H or sulfur mustard). GC/MS results indicate that the composite fabric was capable of significantly reducing the vapor hazard from mustard liquid absorbed into the nonwoven dry fabric pad. The mustard adsorption efficiency of the nonwoven pad was significantly higher than particulate activated carbon (p=0.041) and was similar to the currently fielded US military M291 kit (p=0.952). The nonwoven pad has several advantages over other materials, especially its non-particulate, yet flexible, construction. This composite fabric was also shown to be chemically compatible with potential toxic and hazardous liquids, which span a range of hydrophilic and hydrophobic chemicals, including a concentrated acid, an organic solvent and a mild oxidant, bleach.

Ramkumar, S S; Love, A; Sata, U R; Koester, C J; Smith, W J; Keating, G A; Hobbs, L; Cox, S B; Lagna, W M; Kendall, R J

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Calibration of Radiances from Space  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors compare the performance of broadband radiometers with spectrally dispersed measurements. Spectrally dispersed radiometers may be more accurately calibrated than is possible with broadband filter instruments. They also have a larger ...

Richard Goody; Robert Haskins

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Radar Calibration: Some Simple Approaches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The proper calibration of weather radars has been at the heart of the problem of accurate reflectivity measurements for more than five decades. This paper summarizes a number of methods that have been used previously and others that areworthy of ...

David Atlas

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

IES Calibration and Mapping Procedures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The procedures used in the Synoptic Ocean Prediction experiment for calibration of inverted echo sounder (IES) travel time ? data have led to substantially improved accuracy. In previous work, ? was converted to main thermocline depth ZT using ...

Karen L. Tracey; Stephan D. Howden; D. Randolph Watts

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

This issue of Briefings focuses on one essential element of all airports. Navigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This issue of Briefings focuses on one essential element of all airports. Navigation aids navigational facilities that provide combined azimuth and glide slope guidance to a runway (pre- cision) and those that do not (nonprecision). Nonprecision refers to facilities without a glide slope and does

Minnesota, University of

171

A security policy framework for eEnabled fleets and airports  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The future airport is predicted to be a highly net-centric system-of-systems with advanced networking and wireless technology to accommodate the "eEnabled aircraft," enhanced surface area operations, as well as growing business and societal demands. ...

Mirko Montanari; Roy H. Campbell; Krishna Sampigethaya; Mingyan Li

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

LLL calibration and standards facility  

SciTech Connect

The capabilities of Lawrence Livermore Laboratory's Calibration and Standards Facility are delineated. The facility's ability to provide radiation fields and measurements for a variety of radiation safety applications and the available radiation measurement equipment are described. The need for national laboratory calibration labs to maintain traceability to a national standard are discussed as well as the areas where improved standards and standardization techniques are needed.

Campbell, G.W.; Elliott, J.H.

1980-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

173

Recombinant fluorescent protein microsphere calibration standard  

SciTech Connect

A method for making recombinant fluorescent protein standard particles for calibration of fluorescence instruments.

Nolan, John P. (Santa Fe, NM); Nolan, Rhiannon L. (Santa Fe, NM); Ruscetti, Teresa (Los Alamos, NM); Lehnert, Bruce E. (Los Alamos, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Calculational note for the radiological and toxicological effects of a UO3 release from the T-Hopper storage pad  

SciTech Connect

The radiological and toxicological consequences of a hypothetical release of U03 powder from the T-hopper storage pad adjacent the 2714-U building were calculated.

GOLDBERG, H.J.

1999-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

175

Calibration of Digital Amateur Cameras  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a novel outlook on the self-calibration task, by considering images taken by a camera in motion, allowing for zooming and focusing. Apart from the complex relationship between the lens control settings and the intrinsic camera parameters, a prior off-line calibration allows to neglect the setting of focus, and to fix the principal point and aspect ratio throughout distinct views. Thus, the calibration matrix is dependent only on the zoom position. Given a fully calibrated reference view, one has only one parameter to estimate for any other view of the same scene, in order to calibrate it and to be able to perform metric reconstructions. We provide a close-form solution, and validate the reliability of the algorithm with experiments on real images. An important advantage of our method is a reduced - to one - number of critical camera configurations, associated with it. Moreover, we propose a method for computing the epipolar geometry of two views, taken from different positions and with different (spatial) resolutions; the idea is to take an appropriate third view, that is "easy" to match with the other two.

Magdalena Urbanek; Magdalena Urbanek; Radu Horaud; Radu Horaud; Peter Sturm; Peter Sturm; Projet Movi

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

A comparison of aircraft trajectory-based and aggregate queue-based control of airport taxi processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is significant potential to decrease fuel burn, emissions, and delays of aircraft at airports by optimizing surface operations. A simple surface traffic optimization approach is to hold aircraft back at the gates ...

Lee, Hanbong

177

Why some airport-rail links get built and others do not : the role of institutions, equity and financing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thesis seeks to provide an understanding of reasons for different outcomes of airport ground access projects. Five in-depth case studies (Hongkong, Tokyo-Narita, London- Heathrow, Chicago- O'Hare and Paris-Charles de ...

Nickel, Julia, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Self-calibrating multiplexer circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A time domain multiplexer system with automatic determination of acceptable multiplexer output limits, error determination, or correction is comprised of a time domain multiplexer, a computer, a constant current source capable of at least three distinct current levels, and two series resistances employed for calibration and testing. A two point linear calibration curve defining acceptable multiplexer voltage limits may be defined by the computer by determining the voltage output of the multiplexer to very accurately known input signals developed from predetermined current levels across the series resistances. Drift in the multiplexer may be detected by the computer when the output voltage limits, expected during normal operation, are exceeded, or the relationship defined by the calibration curve is invalidated.

Wahl, C.P.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

179

Self-calibrating multiplexer circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A time domain multiplexer system with automatic determination of acceptable multiplexer output limits, error determination, or correction is comprised of a time domain multiplexer, a computer, a constant current source capable of at least three distinct current levels, and two series resistances employed for calibration and testing. A two point linear calibration curve defining acceptable multiplexer voltage limits may be defined by the computer by determining the voltage output of the multiplexer to very accurately known input signals developed from predetermined current levels across the series resistances. Drift in the multiplexer may be detected by the computer when the output voltage limits, expected during normal operation, are exceeded, or the relationship defined by the calibration curve is invalidated.

Wahl, Chris P. (North Huntingdon, PA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Energy Storage Test Pad - David Rose, SNL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Storage Test Pad Energy Storage Test Pad Date 09/28/2012 Name David Rose The author gratefully acknowledges the support of Dr. Imre Gyuk and the Department of Energy's Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability. Energy Storage Test Pad (ESTP)  Challenge: Unbiased, third party evaluation is a necessary step to bring new technologies to market  The equipment and expertise necessary to perform testing of energy storage systems can be cost prohibitive, especially at the MW level  Approach: Offer third party testing that provides a real picture of how energy storage systems operate  This in turn provides confidence to developers, users and adopters of energy storage  Goal: Utilize infrastructure and expertise at Sandia to perform high value testing of energy storage systems

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Construction of MV-6 Well Pad at the Central Nevada Test Area Completed |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Construction of MV-6 Well Pad at the Central Nevada Test Area Construction of MV-6 Well Pad at the Central Nevada Test Area Completed Construction of MV-6 Well Pad at the Central Nevada Test Area Completed October 22, 2013 - 6:10pm Addthis What does this project do? Goal 1. Protect human health and the environment A new groundwater monitoring/validation (MV) well was installed at the Central Nevada Test Area (CNTA) in September 2013. LM proposed this well to the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) to enhance the existing monitoring network and to expedite the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) closure process for the CNTA Subsurface Corrective Action Unit. CNTA is located in Hot Creek Valley in Nye County, Nevada, adjacent to U.S. Highway 6, about 30 miles north of Warm Springs, Nevada. CNTA was the site of "Project Faultless," a test site where a

182

Construction of MV-6 Well Pad at the Central Nevada Test Area Completed |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Construction of MV-6 Well Pad at the Central Nevada Test Area Construction of MV-6 Well Pad at the Central Nevada Test Area Completed Construction of MV-6 Well Pad at the Central Nevada Test Area Completed October 22, 2013 - 6:10pm Addthis What does this project do? Goal 1. Protect human health and the environment A new groundwater monitoring/validation (MV) well was installed at the Central Nevada Test Area (CNTA) in September 2013. LM proposed this well to the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) to enhance the existing monitoring network and to expedite the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) closure process for the CNTA Subsurface Corrective Action Unit. CNTA is located in Hot Creek Valley in Nye County, Nevada, adjacent to U.S. Highway 6, about 30 miles north of Warm Springs, Nevada. CNTA was the site of "Project Faultless," a test site where a

183

Solar Decathlon Entry Uses iPad to Monitor Home | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Decathlon Entry Uses iPad to Monitor Home Solar Decathlon Entry Uses iPad to Monitor Home Solar Decathlon Entry Uses iPad to Monitor Home August 25, 2011 - 6:27pm Addthis Erik Hyrkas Erik Hyrkas Media Relations Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy How can I participate? The next Solar Decathlon will be held Sept. 23-Oct. 2, 2011, at the National Mall's West Potomac Park in Washington, D.C. Come check it out! In honor of the U.S Department of Energy's Solar Decathlon -- which challenges 20 collegiate teams to design, build and operate solar-powered houses that are cost-effective, energy-efficient and attractive -- we are profiling each of the 20 teams participating in the competition.

 The University of Tennessee, Knoxville is participating in its first Solar Decathlon competition, featuring its home, "Living Light." Named for

184

Method for calibrating mass spectrometers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method whereby a mass spectra generated by a mass spectrometer is calibrated by shifting the parameters used by the spectrometer to assign masses to the spectra in a manner which reconciles the signal of ions within the spectra having equal mass but differing charge states, or by reconciling ions having known differences in mass to relative values consistent with those known differences. In this manner, the mass spectrometer is calibrated without the need for standards while allowing the generation of a highly accurate mass spectra by the instrument.

Anderson, Gordon A [Benton City, WA; Brands, Michael D [Richland, WA; Bruce, James E [Schwenksville, PA; Pasa-Tolic, Ljiljana [Richland, WA; Smith, Richard D [Richland, WA

2002-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

185

Testing Protocols and Results: Airport Sound Program Experience and BPI-Resnet Development  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Testing Protocols & Results: Testing Protocols & Results: Airport Sound Program Experience and BPI/RESNET Development Spring 2012 Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting: Combustion Safety in Tight Houses Jim Fitzgerald Center for Energy and Environment Building Performance Institute Page 2  Weatherization, custom windows & central air conditioning  Attic insulation, wall insulation, and attic air sealing - borrowed specs from energy programs and used weatherization contractors  Average house leakage: 7.8 ACH50 before 5.4 ACH50 after MSP secret: this Airport Sound Program does weatherization work to reduce sound All Tightening of Existing Homes Can Affect Combustion Appliance Safety Tightening work was done on 3000 homes with no testing, what could possibly go wrong?

186

Field Evaluation of the 200 kW PAFC Unit at the Pittsburgh International Airport  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distributed generation, particularly in combination with the benefits of fuel cells, is attracting increasing utility industry interest. This report details more than 20,000 hours of automatic, unattended operation of an ONSI 200 kW phosphoric acid fuel cell at the Pittsburgh International Airport. Also included are installation, operation, and performance data on more than twenty other units in the U.S. ONSI fleet.

1997-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

187

Airport Solar Photovoltaic Concentrator Project. Phase 1 - final report, June 1, 1978-February 28, 1979  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The system design, analysis, and specification, site preparation, and operation and evaluation plan for a 500 kWe photovoltaic power supply to be located at the Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport in Phoenix, Arizona, are presented. The solar cell arrays are concentrator silicon solar cells with tracking 70X Cassegrain-type concentrators. The power conditioning system, tracking system, and control systems are described in detal. Environmental impact studies are described. Component specifications and drawings are included. (WHK)

Not Available

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Evaluatoni of Automated Utility Bill Calibration Methods  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Evaluation of Automated Utility Bill Calibration Methods BA Technical Update Meeting Ben Polly, Joe Robertson 04/30/13 Utility Bill Calibration * "Calibrate" or "true-up" building energy models to utility bill data to increase the accuracy of retrofit savings predictions * Calibration methods typically involve adjusting input parameters * Predict retrofit savings using the adjusted (calibrated) model 2 Background: BESTEST-EX * BESTEST-EX is a suite for testing calibration methods and retrofit savings predictions associated with audit software * Field trials showed that:

189

Original papers: Aerodynamic analysis and CFD simulation of several cellulose evaporative cooling pads used in Mediterranean greenhouses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present work makes an aerodynamic analysis and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation of the four commercial models of corrugated cellulose evaporative cooling pads that are most widely used in Mediterranean greenhouses. The geometric characteristics ... Keywords: Aerodynamic analysis, CFD, Evaporative cooling, Fan and pad, Greenhouse, Pressure drop

A. Franco; D. L. Valera; A. Peña; A. M. Pérez

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Estimating Traveler Populations at Airport and Cruise Terminals for Population Distribution and Dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, uses of high-resolution population distribution databases are increasing steadily for environmental, socioeconomic, public health, and disaster-related research and operations. With the development of daytime population distribution, temporal resolution of such databases has been improved. However, the lack of incorporation of transitional population, namely business and leisure travelers, leaves a significant population unaccounted for within the critical infrastructure networks, such as at transportation hubs. This paper presents two general methodologies for estimating passenger populations in airport and cruise port terminals at a high temporal resolution which can be incorporated into existing population distribution models. The methodologies are geographically scalable and are based on, and demonstrate how, two different transportation hubs with disparate temporal population dynamics can be modeled utilizing publicly available databases including novel data sources of flight activity from the Internet which are updated in near-real time. The airport population estimation model shows great potential for rapid implementation for a large collection of airports on a national scale, and the results suggest reasonable accuracy in the estimated passenger traffic. By incorporating population dynamics at high temporal resolutions into population distribution models, we hope to improve the estimates of populations exposed to or at risk to disasters, thereby improving emergency planning and response, and leading to more informed policy decisions.

Jochem, Warren C [ORNL; Sims, Kelly M [ORNL; Bright, Eddie A [ORNL; Urban, Marie L [ORNL; Rose, Amy N [ORNL; Coleman, Phil R [ORNL; Bhaduri, Budhendra L [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Energy, Shading and Daylighting Analysis for the Austin Bergstrom International Airport Terminal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our firm was under contract with the City of Austin, Texas to perform energy analysis and analysis of the daylighting potential within the New Austin Bergstrom International Airport Terminal. Design of the Passenger Terminal Facility for the New Austin Airport included large glass areas for viewing arriving and departing planes, the sky, and the surrounding terrain. The glass was envisioned to provide quality natural lighting for the terminal during daylight hours in order to improve the quality of the space and save energy throughout the usable life of the terminal. For the glass to achieve the design goals, adverse qualities were minimized and beneficial qualities must be enhanced. Using computer simulation, we studied the shading devices on the south clearstories to maximize the daylight and minimize problems of direct gain in a large commercial space. The study also included analysis of skylights above the baggage claim, indirect lighting of major spaces within the airport, and the controls of the artificial lights for integrating the efficient use of the available daylight. The energy, shading, and daylighting analysis includes analysis of a mix of low and high volume spaces. The daylight sources include glass walls, clearstories, and skylights.

Holder, L. M. III; Holder, L. M. IV

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Improved Approach to Lidar Airport Obstruction Surveying Using Full-Waveform Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over the past decade, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Geodetic Survey, in collaboration with multiple organizations, has conducted research into airport obstruction surveying using airborne lidar. What was initially envisioned as a relatively straightforward demonstration of the utility of this emerging remote sensing technology for airport surveys was quickly shown to be a challenging undertaking fraught with both technical and practical issues. We provide a brief history of previous work in lidar airport obstruction surveying, including a discussion of both past achievements and previously-unsolved problems. We then present a new processing workflow, specifically designed to overcome the remaining problems. A key facet of our approach is the use of a new lidar waveform deconvolution and georeferencing strategy that produces very dense, detailed point clouds in which the vertical structures of objects are well characterized. Additional processing steps have been carefully selected and ordered based on the objectives of meeting Federal Aviation Administration requirements and maximizing efficiency. Tests conducted using lidar waveform data for two project sites demonstrate the efficacy of the approach. 1

Christopher E. Parrish; Robert D. Nowak

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Accession No. 4. Title and Subtitle The Trans-Texas Corridor and the Texas Airport System: Opportunities and Challenges 7. Author(s)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Project Title: Evaluation and Integration of Texas Airports into the Trans-Texas Corridor The proposed Trans-Texas Corridor (TTC) will allow for faster and safer movement of people and goods throughout Texas, relieve congestion on existing roadways, divert hazardous materials away from urban areas, and stimulate economic growth and development along its path. However, to become fully integrated with the Texas transportation network, the TTC must also consider connections with the state’s extensive airport system. While the TTC could produce significant opportunities for commercial services and general aviation airports, many of its planners and engineers are not familiar with the special land-use and connectivity needs of airports. While the TTC offers prospects for producing significant opportunities to commercial service and general aviation airports, it also has the potential to limit their safety, operation, and expansion if planned poorly. Possible airport benefits include increased usage because of improved airport user access and indirectly because of economic development along its path. Potential challenges include infringement on approaches and approach procedures, restriction of airport growth, limited accessibility or connectivity to the TTC, and competition with land-based modes for passenger and freight movement. Integrating Texas airports into the overall multimodal

Kelsey A. Thompson; Michael S. Bomba; C. Michael Walton; Jordan E. Botticello

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Teaching Practices in iPad-Classrooms: Alignment of Didactical Designs, Mobile Devices and Creativity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Creativity is socially constructed and is not an objective fact at all. How do teachers perceive students' creativity and how can they foster students' creative learning? From two case studies, one in higher education and a second on iPad-classrooms ... Keywords: Case Study, Creative Learning, Digital Didactics, Mobile Technology, Schools

Isa Jahnke

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

62.6 71.6 92.3 89.9 82.6 72.7 - 78.2 See footnotes at end of table. 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 56 Energy Information Administration ...

196

Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

62.0 70.7 92.7 90.7 81.5 72.8 - 78.0 See footnotes at end of table. 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 56 Energy Information Administration ...

197

DRDU: A data reuse analysis technique for efficient scratch-pad memory management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In multimedia and other streaming applications, a significant portion of energy is spent on data transfers. Exploiting data reuse opportunities in the application, we can reduce this energy by making copies of frequently used data in a small local memory ... Keywords: Scratch-pad memory management, compiler analysis, data reuse analysis, memory hierarchy

Ilya Issenin; Erik Brockmeyer; Miguel Miranda; Nikil Dutt

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Suggestions for Radiometric Calibration Coefficient Generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The great emphasis that studies of global change have placed on accurate absolute radiometric calibration of satellite sensors has led to the development of many new onboard and vicarious calibration techniques. With the launch in 1998 of the ...

Philip N. Slater; Stuart F. Biggar

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Calibrating Cylindrical Hot-Film Anemometer Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report the results of 82 separate calibrations of cylindrical, platinum hot-film anemometer sensors in air. The calibrations for each sensor involved a determination of its temperature-resistance characteristics, a study of its heat transfer ...

Edgar L. Andreas; Brett Murphy

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Vicarious Radiometric Calibrations of EOS Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Four methods for the in-flight radiometric calibration and cross calibration of multispectral imaging sensors are described. Three make use of ground-based reflectance, irradiance, and radiance measurements in conjunction with atmospheric ...

Phlip N. Slater; Stuart F. Biggar; Kurtis J. Thome; David I. Gellman; Paul R. Spyak

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Low-Temperature Calibration of Infrared Thermometers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method was developed for calibrating infrared thermometers to properly measure target temperatures ranging from ?70 to 0°C. Once calibrated for this range, the thermometer can then be used to measure the flux of thermal radiation from the sky. ...

B. A. Kimball; S. T. Mitchell

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Logging Calibration Models for Fission Neutron Sondes (September...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Logging Calibration Models for Fission Neutron Sondes (September 1981) Logging Calibration Models for Fission Neutron Sondes (September 1981) Logging Calibration Models for Fission...

203

Office of Legacy Management Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Prog ram or Field Office: Office of Legacy Management Proj ect Tit le and 1.0. No.: Routine Maintenance Activities at the Grand Junction Regional Airport, Colorado, Calibration Model Facility. LM # 44 -11. Location: Grand Junction, Colorado Proposed Action or Proj ect Description: DO E proposes to conduct routine maintenance actions as needed at a facility containing five concrete calibration pads. The facility is located at the Grand Junction Regional Airport on property leased from the Airport Authority. Renewal of the lease generally takes place every 5 years with the next renewal anticipated in 2013. Routine maintenance actions might include site inspections and vehicle vacuum sweeping of the pads. The small amount

204

Spinning angle optical calibration apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical calibration apparatus is provided for calibrating and reproducing spinning angles in cross-polarization, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. An illuminated magnifying apparatus enables optical setting an accurate reproducing of spinning "magic angles" in cross-polarization, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy experiments. A reference mark scribed on an edge of a spinning angle test sample holder is illuminated by a light source and viewed through a magnifying scope. When the "magic angle" of a sample material used as a standard is attained by varying the angular position of the sample holder, the coordinate position of the reference mark relative to a graduation or graduations on a reticle in the magnifying scope is noted. Thereafter, the spinning "magic angle" of a test material having similar nuclear properties to the standard is attained by returning the sample holder back to the originally noted coordinate position.

Beer, Stephen K. (Morgantown, WV); Pratt, II, Harold R. (Morgantown, WV)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Spinning angle optical calibration apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical calibration apparatus is provided for calibrating and reproducing spinning angles in cross-polarization, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. An illuminated magnifying apparatus enables optical setting and accurate reproducing of spinning magic angles in cross-polarization, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy experiments. A reference mark scribed on an edge of a spinning angle test sample holder is illuminated by a light source and viewed through a magnifying scope. When the magic angle of a sample material used as a standard is attained by varying the angular position of the sample holder, the coordinate position of the reference mark relative to a graduation or graduations on a reticle in the magnifying scope is noted. Thereafter, the spinning magic angle of a test material having similar nuclear properties to the standard is attained by returning the sample holder back to the originally noted coordinate position. 2 figs.

Beer, S.K.; Pratt, H.R. II.

1989-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

206

Multidetector calibration for mass spectrometers  

SciTech Connect

The International Atomic Energy Agency`s Safeguards Analytical Laboratory has performed calibration experiments to measure the different efficiencies among multi-Faraday detectors for a Finnigan-MAT 261 mass spectrometer. Two types of calibration experiments were performed: (1) peak-shift experiments and (2) peak-jump experiments. For peak-shift experiments, the ion intensities were measured for all isotopes of an element in different Faraday detectors. Repeated measurements were made by shifting the isotopes to various Faraday detectors. Two different peak-shifting schemes were used to measure plutonium (UK Pu5/92138) samples. For peak-jump experiments, ion intensities were measured in a reference Faraday detector for a single isotope and compared with those measured in the other Faraday detectors. Repeated measurements were made by switching back-and-forth between the reference Faraday detector and a selected Faraday detector. This switching procedure is repeated for all Faraday detectors. Peak-jump experiments were performed with replicate measurements of {sup 239}Pu, {sup 187}Re, and {sup 238}U. Detector efficiency factors were estimated for both peak-jump and peak-shift experiments using a flexible calibration model to statistically analyze both types of multidetector calibration experiments. Calculated detector efficiency factors were shown to depend on both the material analyzed and the experimental conditions. A single detector efficiency factor is not recommended for each detector that would be used to correct routine sample analyses. An alternative three-run peak-shift sample analysis should be considered. A statistical analysis of the data from this peak-shift experiment can adjust the isotopic ratio estimates for detector differences due to each sample analysis.

Bayne, C.K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Donohue, D.L.; Fiedler, R. [IAEA, Seibersdorf (Austria). Safeguards Analytical Lab.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Calibration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Typical inductance standards are relatively robust and therefore do not require ... 2.6.8.3 If the measurement type does not match the terminal ... 1981. ...

2011-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

208

LRM probe-tip calibrations using nonideal standards ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The dashed curve corresponds to repeated calibrations with identical ... LRRM calibrations with automatic determination of load inductance,” 36th ...

2013-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

209

Microsoft PowerPoint - To NETL Pittsburgh Site from the Pittsburgh International Airport Directions.ppt [Compatibility Mode]  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Pittsburgh International Airport the Pittsburgh International Airport 1. Exit airport and follow signs for PITTSBURGH, which will take you onto ROUTE 60 SOUTH. 2. ROUTE 60 becomes ROUTE 22-30, also know as I-279 the "PARKWAY WEST." 3. Stay on Route 22-30/I-279 the "PARKWAY WEST" until you reach EXIT 5B, labeled TRUCK ROUTE 19 SOUTH/ROUTE 51 SOUTH UNIONTOWN Note: This exit is on the FAR RIGHT 19 SOUTH/ROUTE 51 SOUTH, UNIONTOWN. Note: This exit is on the FAR RIGHT just BEFORE the FORT PITT TUNNEL - do not go into the Tunnel. 4. Continue down ROUTE 51 SOUTH for approximately 7.5 miles. 5. Look for a CVS Pharmacy on the right-hand side of the road. SLOW DOWN since you will soon be exiting off ROUTE 51 SOUTH at the CLOVERLEAF EXIT. 6. After passing CVS (2.5 miles) take the very first road to your RIGHT.

210

Program or Field Office:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

, Energy , Energy Office of Legacy Management Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Office of Legacy Management Routine Activities at the Casper, Wyoming, Calibration Model Facility Location : Casper, Wyoming Proposed Action or Project Description: * DOE proposes to conduct routine activities as needed at a facility containing five dry borehole calibration pits and seven concrete calibration pads. These calibration models are located at the Casper, Wyoming Calibration Facility on property leased from the Natrona County International Airport Authority. Renewal of the lease generally occurs every five years with the next anticipated renewal in 2015. Routine maintenance action s may include fence repair, painting of facility components, potential replacement of

211

An investigation of the information needs of air passengers traveling to the airport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

According to the U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, nearly 200 million person-trips over 100 miles one-way were taken by airplane in 1995, a 186 percent increase since 1977 (Bureau of Transportation Statistics, 1998). As the popularity of air travel continues to increase, the number of trips to and from the airport will inevitably rise also. Passengers will need accurate information about all modes on a total trip basis. This includes the modes of access to and from the airport in addition to the long distance segment of the trip (Sverdrup & Parcel Consultants, Inc., et al., 1996). The purpose of this study was to determine the specific information needs of departing air travelers with regard to the pre-trip and en-route phases of their trip to the airport. Based on the results of this research, effective plans for providing supplementary information in support of ground-side travel can be developed by local, state, and national agencies. To gain an understanding of air passenger information needs, personal interviews were conducted with 216 passengers at George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston, Texas. One major finding from this research was that in general, passengers are content with the existing types of real-time travel information that are available. Specifically, the survey results showed that passengers currently use and would prefer to have access to flight information including, confirmed schedules, flight delays, and gate assignments. It was also found that most passengers would prefer to receive travel information earlier in their trip (i.e., before beginning their trip). This could possibly be so that they have the information earlier in their decision-making process and thus would have adequate time to evaluate their options. Finally, based on the survey results, air passengers indicated they would prefer to use e-mail, pagers, telephones, and the Internet when making future travel information inquiries. In particular, business travelers were found to have a higher affinity toward e-mail and pagers, while younger travelers simply preferred newer technologies to receive travel information. As a result, these population categories are prime targets for marketing of information services. Overall, each of these findings was similar to and backed up the results from previous studies.

Burdette, Debra Arlene

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Banked scratch-pad memory management for reducing leakage energy consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current trends indicate that leakage energy consumption will be an important concern in upcoming process technologies. In this paper, we propose a compiler-based leakage energy optimization strategy for on-chip scratch-pad memories (SPMs). The idea is to divide SPM into banks and use compiler-guided data layout optimization and data migration to maximize SPM bank idleness, thereby increasing the chances of placing banks into low-power (low-leakage) state.

M. J. Irwin; G. Chen

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Sun Ultra 80 SPEC CFP95 Sun Forte Inter-Array Padding for Data Localization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DLG 3.2 OS- CAR FORTRAN OpenMP FORTRAN OSCAR 3 3 #12;U V CU P ZCV H 0 1 2 3 4 MB VNEW PNEW UOLD POLD narrays padding size/narrays FORTRAN 5 3.3 SPEC CFP95 hydro2d VARH 6 MP, NP TISTEP VZ 514560 TRANS1 VZ1 515840 6 VARH hydro2d VAR1, VAR2, SCRA VARH 4 #12;SUBROUTINE TISTEP COMMON /VARH

Kasahara, Hironori

214

SBAC-PAD'2000 12th Symposium on Computer Architecture and High Performance Computing -S~ao Pedro -SP 83  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SBAC-PAD'2000 12th Symposium on Computer Architecture and High Performance Computing - S~ao Pedro Architecture and High Performance Computing - S~ao Pedro - SP -hard optimization problems

Cruz, Frederico

215

1987 calibration of the TFTR neutron spectrometers  

SciTech Connect

The {sup 3}He neutron spectrometer used for measuring ion temperatures and the NE213 proton recoil spectrometer used for triton burnup measurements were absolutely calibrated with DT and DD neutron generators placed inside the TFTR vacuum vessel. The details of the detector response and calibration are presented. Comparisons are made to the neutron source strengths measured from other calibrated systems. 23 refs., 19 figs., 6 tabs.

Barnes, C.W.; Strachan, J.D. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA); Princeton Univ., NJ (USA). Plasma Physics Lab.)

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Pyranometer calibration: leveling errors and cosine effect  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The solar monitoring system for the Sandia Total Energy Systems Test Facility consists of a fixed, horizontal pyranometer and a tracking pyranometer and pyrheliometer. Readout uses a scanned A-D converter with recording via print-out, magnetic tape, or disk. The Eppley pyrheliometer is calibrated by direct comparison with a Kendall electrically-calibrated radiometer. The pyranometers, model PSP, also from Eppley, are calibrated against the pyrheliometer using shading techniques; and the parameters affecting that calibration are the subject of this summary.

Thacher, P.D.; Petterson, B.J.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Sloan Digital Sky Survey Photometric Calibration Revisited  

SciTech Connect

The Sloan Digital Sky Survey calibration is revisited to obtain the most accurate photometric calibration. A small but significant error is found in the flat-fielding of the Photometric telescope used for calibration. Two SDSS star catalogs are compared and the average difference in magnitude as a function of right ascension and declination exhibits small systematic errors in relative calibration. The photometric transformation from the SDSS Photometric Telescope to the 2.5 m telescope is recomputed and compared to synthetic magnitudes computed from measured filter bandpasses.

Marriner, John; /Fermilab

2012-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

218

Fluid Metrology Calibration Services - Air Speed  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... National Institute of Standards and Technology provides calibration services for air speed instrumentation such as Pitot tubes, hot-wire or thermal ...

2013-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

219

NIST Measurement Services: NIST Calibration Services for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 1. V. Gowda, TT Yeh, PI Espina, and NP Yende, “The New NIST Water Flow Calibration Facility,” Proceedings of the 2003 FLOMEKO (Groningen ...

2013-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

220

Silicon Micromachined Dimensional Calibration Artifact for Mesoscale...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Not only are we offering improved accuracy and lower cost, but we are also enabling 3D and multisensor calibration. How this Product Improves upon Competitive Products or...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

“Once is Enough” in Radiometric Calibrations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... strategy we consider one of the most popular optical radiation calibration services offered by ... 8. Drive out fear so that all may work effectively for the ...

2010-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

222

Calibrations of Electronic Brachytherapy Sources, Traceable ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... As in traditional brachytherapy, the source is placed ... established to provide calibrations of these sources. ... through use of a primary-standard free-air ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

223

Instrument calibration using the pneumatic deadweight tester  

SciTech Connect

One of the most difficult problems facing the instrument engineer is the accurate calibration of orifice meters, particularly at remote or inaccessible locations. The object of this paper is to describe a unique solution to this problem, an automatic pneumatic deadweight tester utilizing the floating ball principle. The Ametek Model PK Pneumatic Deadweight Tester is an ideal instrument to use for the calibration of orifice meters. This instrument provides unexcelled accuracy combined with reliable operation and ease of use for both field and laboratory calibration. It has been accepted by most of the gas transmission companies as a pressure standard for meter calibration.

Johnson, E.R.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Bearing Calibration  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

NREL has initiated the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC) to investigate the root cause of the low wind turbine gearbox reliability. The GRC follows a multi-pronged approach based on a collaborative of manufacturers, owners, researchers and consultants. The project combines analysis, field testing, dynamometer testing, condition monitoring, and the development and population of a gearbox failure database. At the core of the project are two 750kW gearboxes that have been redesigned and rebuilt so that they are representative of the multi-megawatt gearbox topology currently used in the industry. These gearboxes are heavily instrumented and are tested in the field and on the dynamometer. This report discusses the bearing calibrations of the gearboxes.

van Dam, J.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Guidelines for Instrument Calibration Extension/Reduction -- Revision 1: Statistical Analysis of Instrument Calibration Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Calibration reduction or fuel cycle extension efforts require an analysis of plant-specific instrument performance to demonstrate that the longer calibration interval will not result in larger than expected drift. This manual provides a methodology and guidelines for evaluating historical calibration data, and addresses technical issues associated with the application of the analysis results.

1998-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

226

A Local Ensemble Prediction System for Fog and Low Clouds: Construction, Bayesian Model Averaging Calibration, and Validation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At main international airports, air traffic safety and economic issues related to poor visibility conditions are crucial. Meteorologists face the challenge of supplying airport authorities with accurate forecasts of fog and cloud ceiling. These ...

Stevie Roquelaure; Thierry Bergot

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Brief Calibration and estimation of redundant signals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents formulation and validation of an adaptive filter for real-time calibration of redundant signals consisting of sensor data and/or analytically derived measurements. The measurement noise covariance matrix is adjusted as a function ... Keywords: Adaptive filtering, Real-time control, Redundancy management, Sensor calibration, Signal estimation

Asok Ray; Shashi Phoha

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Application of evolutionary algorithms for model calibration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Calibration of plant specific parameters of a process-based plant model can represent a considerable challenge when observed data are available from multiple environments. Calibration of model parameters can be considered as a search for the optimal ... Keywords: EA-SA, evolutionary optimization, ragweed, self-adaptation, sirius

Mikhail A. Semenov; Pierre Stratonowitch

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Using reforecasts for probabilistic forecast calibration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Using reforecasts for probabilistic forecast calibration Tom Hamill NOAA Earth System Research that is currently operational. #12;3 Why compute reforecasts? · For many forecast problems, such as long-lead forecasts or high-precipitation events, a few past forecasts may be insufficient for calibrating

Hamill, Tom

230

(1) Ensemble forecast calibration & (2) using reforecasts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 (1) Ensemble forecast calibration & (2) using reforecasts Tom Hamill NOAA Earth System Research · Calibration: ; the statistical adjustment of the (ensemble) forecast ­ Rationale 1: Infer large-sample probabilities from small ensemble. ­ Rationale 2: Remove bias, increase forecast reliability while preserving

Hamill, Tom

231

A New RR Lyrae Metallicity Calibration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have begun developing a new metallicity calibration for RR Lyrae stars that includes high-temperature phase regions. Our calibration is an updated and expanded version of the Delta-S, equivalent width method, but which is applicable for most phases of the pulsation, and for the hotter, shorter-period RRc stars. This calibration will be constructed from spectral observations of well studied, bright RR Lyrae stars with metallicities from published high-resolution studies, within the range $-2.5 < [Fe/H] < -0.3$. Phase information for our calibration stars were taken from the AAVSO website, and the MacAdam Student Observatory at the University of Kentucky. Low-resolution spectroscopy $(R \\sim 1000)$ was obtained using the McDonald Observatory, 2.1 meter telescope. Here we present our preliminary data, and find the phase region where the calibration will break down.

Spalding, E; De Lee, N

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

MOISTURE MONITOR TESTING AND CALIBRATION  

SciTech Connect

ABS>Electrolytic moisture monitors which continuously analyze the moisture content of gases are commercially available. After a period of operation, these instruments may give erroneous readings, frequently because of damage to the electrolytic cell. A gas with a known and reproducible moisture content within the operating range would be useful for making operational response tests on these monltors and for checking their calibration. A paired- hydrate system of a chemical compound exhibits a water vapor pressure that is constant at a constant temperature. ff an unreactive gas is allowed to equilibrate with a paired-hydrate system, the moisture content of the gas is determined by the vapor pressure of the hydrate pair, the total pressure, and the temperature. Hydrated magnesium perchlorate was prepared which contained between four and six moles of water per mole of perchlorate. This material was pulverized lightly then packed into a stainless steel column and 100 cc/minute of air at atmospheric pressure was passed through the bed. The exit air from the column was analyzed with a moisture monitor. A gas residence time of two minutes in the column was found to be sufficient for establishing moisture equilibrium in the exit flow. The moisture content of the exit air was found to vary from 34 to 70 ppm by volume as the temperature of the paired-hydrate system varied from 20 to 28 un. Concent 85% C. Other paired-hydrate systems can extend this range to higher moisture levels. (auth)

Montgomery, C.D.; Googin, J.M.; Phillips, L.R.

1963-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

233

Environmental assessment of the thermal neutron activation explosive detection system for concourse use at US airports  

SciTech Connect

This document is an environmental assessment of a system designed to detect the presence of explosives in checked airline baggage or cargo. The system is meant to be installed at the concourse or lobby ticketing areas of US commercial airports and uses a sealed radioactive source of californium-252 to irradiate baggage items. The major impact of the use of this system arises from direct exposure of the public to scattered or leakage radiation from the source and to induced radioactivity in baggage items. Under normal operation and the most likely accident scenarios, the environmental impacts that would be created by the proposed licensing action would not be significant. 44 refs., 19 figs., 18 tabs.

Jones, C.G.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Air traffic control communication at Detroit Metro Wayne County Airport August 17, 1987  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report contains a transcript of radio communications between air traffic controllers and pilots. The transcript was prepared as part of the ATC Interaction Research Project (AIR Project) at the Oregon Graduate Institute, which has been investigating computational representations of air traffic control (ATC) communication. The transcript was made from a tape prepared and narrated by Lawrence L. Porter, a consultant in the field of air traffic control and aircraft accidents. It follows Northwest Airlines Flight 255 as it landed and took off from Detroit Metro Wayne County Airport on August 17, 1987, showing the pilot's interaction with each of the controller positions (Arrival Radar, Local Control, Ground Control, and Clearance Delivery). A copy of this recording on cassette may be obtained by writing to the Department of Computer Science and Engineering of the Oregon Graduate Institute. The authors thank Mr. Porter for providing the recording and narration. The transcript is in two parts. The section entitled "Full Transcript" depicts all exchanges chronologically as they occurred. However, air traffic control dialogue can be viewed as many interleaved yet fairly independent conversations, so in the "Separated Transcripts" section utterances are grouped by aircraft to show the course of each individual conversation. The utterance numbers from the full transcript are preserved in the separated transcripts so that the utterance context may be located easily. The notation and transcription conventions used in these transcripts are described in Appendix A. Appendix B contains charts describing the airspace around Detroit Metro Wayne County Airport.. The utterances in this transcript contain specialized terms and usages specific to the Air Traffic Control (ATC) domain. B...

Karen Ward; David Novick; Carolyn Sousa

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Train directions from Newark Airport to Nassau Inn or Palmer House Hotel Train is the most convenient way to get to Princeton from EWR. From the terminals at  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Train directions from Newark Airport to Nassau Inn or Palmer House Hotel Train is the most://tinyurl.com/yc8g3rf or the Palmer House http://www.princeton.edu/palmerhouse/images/map.jpg Train directions from

236

Forecast-Based Decision Support for San Francisco International Airport: A NextGen Prototype System That Improves Operations during Summer Stratus Season  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During summer, marine stratus encroaches into the approach to San Francisco International Airport (SFO) bringing low ceilings. Low ceilings restrict landings and result in a high number of arrival delays, thus impacting ...

Reynolds, David W.

237

Forecast-Based Decision Support for San Francisco International Airport: A NextGen Prototype System That Improves Operations during Summer Stratus Season  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During summer, marine stratus encroaches into the approach to San Francisco International Airport (SFO) bringing low ceilings. Low ceilings restrict landings and result in a high number of arrival delays, thus impacting the National Air Space (NAS). These ...

David W. Reynolds; David A. Clark; F. Wesley Wilson; Lara Cook

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Movements by Tanker and Barge between PAD  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Tanker and Barge between PAD Districts Tanker and Barge between PAD Districts Product: Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Crude Oil Petroleum Products Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Motor Gasoline Blending Components MGBC - Reformulated MGBC - Reformulated RBOB MGBC - RBOB for Blending w/ Alcohol* MGBC - RBOB for Blending w/ Ether* MGBC - Reformulated GTAB* MGBC - Conventional MGBC - CBOB MGBC - Conventional GTAB MGBC - Conventional Other Renewable Fuels Fuel Ethanol Renewable Diesel Fuel Other Renewable Fuels Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Blended Fuel Ethanol Reformulated, Other Conventional Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 and Lower Conventional Other Gasoline Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and Under Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Residual Fuel Oil Residual FO - Less than 0.31% Sulfur Residual FO - 0.31 to 1.00% Sulfur Residual FO - Greater than 1.00% Sulfur Petrochemical Feedstocks Naphtha for Petrochem. Feed. Use Other Oils for Petrochem. Feed. Use Special Naphthas Lubricants Waxes Asphalt and Road Oil Miscellaneous Products Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels

239

Table 3. Estimation Results for National and Sub-PAD District Regions  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3. Estimation Results for National and Sub-PAD District Regions 3. Estimation Results for National and Sub-PAD District Regions Dependent Variable: D(RETUS) Dependent Variable: D(RETPAD1X) Dependent Variable: D(RETPAD1Y) Dependent Variable: D(RETPAD1Z) Dependent Variable: D(RETCA) Sample: 1/03/2000 to 6/24/2002 Sample: 1/03/2000 to 6/24/2002 Sample: 1/03/2000 to 6/24/2002 Sample: 1/03/2000 to 6/24/2002 Sample: 5/29/2000 to 4/30/2001 11/05/2001 to 6/24/2002 Variable Coefficient Variable Coefficient Variable Coefficient Variable Coefficient Variable Coefficient C 0.005 C -0.001 C 0.017 C -0.013 C 0.013 (0.114) (0.101) (0.100) (0.112) (0.215) DSPOTUS(-1) 0.437*** DSPOTPAD1X(-1) 0.210*** DSPOTPAD1Y(-1) 0.249*** DSPOTPAD1Z(-1) 0.346*** DSPOTCA(-1) 0.241*** (0.026) (0.023) (0.023) (0.026) (0.031)

240

Sintered Silver Joint Strength Dependence on Substrate Topography and Attachment Pad Geometry  

SciTech Connect

The sum of chemical and mechanical bonding limits the adhesive strength of die-attach and substrate-attach layers. This is also true for sintered silver joints whose development and employment are underway in the electronic packaging community. Chemical bonding is dictated by numerous parameters associated with the compatibility of the metallurgical bond of the two mating surfaces and the processing history that brings them together. However, the efficacy of mechanical bonding is likely affected by the topographies (e.g., roughness) of the two adjoined surfaces and also perhaps the shape of the attachment layer itself (e.g., circles, squares, and sizes thereof). In this study the mechanical bonding component is examined through the modification of the copper cladding surface on direct bonded copper (DBC) substrates, the shape of the silver pad attachment bonded to it, and the use of a joined 'DBC sandwich' that facilitates their study. It was found that simple employment of both surface topography control and printed pad geometry can affect and improve shear strength of silver sintered joints, and that there is logic to perhaps hybridize their effects. This is an important observation as more future attention is devoted to joining constituents with larger areas (> 100 mm2) in electronic packages.

Wereszczak, Andrew A [ORNL; Vuono, Daniel J [ORNL; Liang, Zhenxian [ORNL; Fox, Ethan E [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Calibration of the Improved Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder. Part II: Optical Alignment, Spatial, and Pressure Modulator Calibrations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Part I the Improved Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder instrument and its calibration facility were described, and the results of the radiometric and spectral calibrations were presented. In Part II the remaining prelaunch calibrations are ...

C. W. P. Palmer; P. Venters; R. J. Knight; J. Ballard; T. J. Nightingale; P. E. Morris

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Calibrating X-ray Imaging Devices for Accurate Intensity Measurement  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the project presented is to develop methods to accurately calibrate X-ray imaging devices. The approach was to develop X-ray source systems suitable for this endeavor and to develop methods to calibrate solid state detectors to measure source intensity. NSTec X-ray sources used for the absolute calibration of cameras are described, as well as the method of calibrating the source by calibrating the detectors. The work resulted in calibration measurements for several types of X-ray cameras. X-ray camera calibration measured efficiency and efficiency variation over the CCD. Camera types calibrated include: CCD, CID, back thinned (back illuminated), front illuminated.

Haugh, M. J.

2011-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

243

Calibration of the Ogawa ozone passive sampler for aircraft cabins...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Calibration of the Ogawa ozone passive sampler for aircraft cabins. Title Calibration of the Ogawa ozone passive sampler for aircraft cabins. Publication Type Journal Article Year...

244

NIST: Calibration of Low-Energy Photon Brachytherapy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Calibration of Low-Energy Photon Brachytherapy Sources. ... yields a calibration coefficient for the well-ionization chamber for a given seed type. ...

2013-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

245

Final Environmental Assessment for Proposed Closure of the Airport Landfills Within Technical Area 73 at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

15 15 Final Environmental Assessment for Proposed Closure of the Airport Landfills Within Technical Area 73 at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico May 22, 2005 Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration Los Alamos Site Office Final EA for Proposed Closure of the Airport Landfills within TA-73 at LANL Page iii of viii Contents Acronyms and Terms .................................................................................................................. vi 1.0 Purpose and Need ................................................................................................. 1 1.1 Introduction.............................................................................................................

246

AUTOMATIC CALIBRATING SYSTEM FOR PRESSURE TRANSDUCERS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An automatic system for calibrating a number of pressure transducers is described. The disclosed embodiment of the invention uses a mercurial manometer to measure the air pressure applied to the transducer. A servo system follows the top of the mercury column as the pressure is changed and operates an analog- to-digital converter This converter furnishes electrical pulses, each representing an increment of pressure change, to a reversible counterThe transducer furnishes a signal at each calibration point, causing an electric typewriter and a card-punch machine to record the pressure at the instant as indicated by the counter. Another counter keeps track of the calibration points so that a number identifying each point is recorded with the corresponding pressure. A special relay control system controls the pressure trend and programs the sequential calibration of several transducers.

Amonette, E.L.; Rodgers, G.W.

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Vicarious Calibration of the Meteosat Visible Channel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Postlaunch calibration of the Meteosat visible (VIS) channel has been performed with Meteosat-1, Meteosat-2, and Meteosat-4. The radiance at the satellite radiometer aperture has been determined by independent means and has been related to the ...

Karl-Theodor Kriebel; Volker Amann

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Update of Radiance Calibrations for ISCCP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since July 1983 ISCCP has collected, normalized, and calibrated radiance data (visible and thermal infrared) from the imaging radiometers on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration polar orbiters and from the geostationary satellites ...

Christopher L. Brest; William B. Rossow; Miriam D. Roiter

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Flow through electrode with automated calibration  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is an improved automated flow through electrode liquid monitoring system. The automated system has a sample inlet to a sample pump, a sample outlet from the sample pump to at least one flow through electrode with a waste port. At least one computer controls the sample pump and records data from the at least one flow through electrode for a liquid sample. The improvement relies upon (a) at least one source of a calibration sample connected to (b) an injection valve connected to said sample outlet and connected to said source, said injection valve further connected to said at least one flow through electrode, wherein said injection valve is controlled by said computer to select between said liquid sample or said calibration sample. Advantages include improved accuracy because of more frequent calibrations, no additional labor for calibration, no need to remove the flow through electrode(s), and minimal interruption of sampling.

Szecsody, James E [Richland, WA; Williams, Mark D [Richland, WA; Vermeul, Vince R [Richland, WA

2002-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

250

Calibration Systems of the ATLAS Tile Calorimeter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TileCal is the hadronic calorimeter covering the most central region of the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. This sampling calorimeter uses iron plates as absorber and plastic scintillating tiles as the active material. A multi-faceted calibration system allows to monitor and equalize the calorimeter response at each stage of the signal production, from scintillation light to digitization. This calibration system is based on signal generation from different sources: a Cs radioactive source, laser light, charge injection and minimum bias events produced in proton-proton collisions. A brief description of the different TileCal calibration systems is given and the latest results on their performance in terms of calibration factors, linearity and stability are presented.

Olof Lundberg

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

251

Multisource Self-calibration for Sensor Arrays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Calibration of a sensor array is more involved if the antennas have direction dependent gains and multiple calibrator sources are simultaneously present. We study this case for a sensor array with arbitrary geometry but identical elements, i.e. elements with the same direction dependent gain pattern. A weighted alternating least squares (WALS) algorithm is derived that iteratively solves for the direction independent complex gains of the array elements, their noise powers and their gains in the direction of the calibrator sources. An extension of the problem is the case where the apparent calibrator source locations are unknown, e.g., due to refractive propagation paths. For this case, the WALS method is supplemented with weighted subspace fitting (WSF) direction finding techniques. Using Monte Carlo simulations we demonstrate that both methods are asymptotically statistically efficient and converge within two iterations even in cases of low SNR.

Wijnholds, Stefan J; 10.1109/TSP.2009.2022894

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Calibration and Rating of Photovoltaics: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Rating the performance of photovoltaic (PV) modules is critical to determining the cost per watt, and efficiency is useful to assess the relative progress among PV concepts. Procedures for determining the efficiency for PV technologies from 1-sun to low concentration to high concentration are discussed. We also discuss the state of the art in primary and secondary calibration of PV reference cells used by calibration laboratories around the world. Finally, we consider challenges to rating PV technologies and areas for improvement.

Emery, K.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Letter Report Yucca Mountain Environmental Monitoring Systems Initiative - Air Quality Scoping Study for Tonopah Airport, Nye County, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

The Desert Research Institute (DRI) is performing a scoping study as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Yucca Mountain Environmental Monitoring Systems Initiative (EMSI). The main objective is to obtain baseline air quality information for Yucca Mountain and an area surrounding the Nevada Test Site (NTS). Air quality and meteorological monitoring and sampling equipment housed in a mobile trailer (shelter) is collecting data at eight sites outside the NTS, including Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge (NWR), Tonopah Airport, Beatty, Rachel, Caliente, Pahranagat NWR, Crater Flat, and the Tonopah Airport, and at four sites on the NTS (Engelbrecht et al., 2007a-d). The trailer is stationed at any one site for approximately eight weeks at a time. This letter report provides a summary of air quality and meteorological data, on completion of the site's sampling program.

J. Engelbrecht; I. Kavouras; D. Campbell; S. Campbell; S. Kohl; D. Shafer

2009-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

254

Letter Report: Yucca Mountain Environmental Monitoring Systems Initiative - Air Quality Scoping Study for Tonopah Airport, Nye County, Nevada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Desert Research Institute (DRI) is performing a scoping study as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Yucca Mountain Environmental Monitoring Systems Initiative (EMSI). The main objective is to obtain baseline air quality information for Yucca Mountain and an area surrounding the Nevada Test Site (NTS). Air quality and meteorological monitoring and sampling equipment housed in a mobile trailer (shelter) is collecting data at eight sites outside the NTS, including Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge (NWR), Tonopah Airport, Beatty, Rachel, Caliente, Pahranagat NWR, Crater Flat, and the Tonopah Airport, and at four sites on the NTS (Engelbrecht et al., 2007a-d). The trailer is stationed at any one site for approximately eight weeks at a time. This letter report provides a summary of air quality and meteorological data, on completion of the site's sampling program.

J. Engelbrecht; I. Kavouras; D Campbell; S. Campbell; S. Kohl, D. Shafer

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 224: Decon Pad and Septic Systems, Nevada Test Site, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 224 is located in Areas 02, 03, 05, 06, 11, and 23 of the Nevada Test Site, which is situated approximately 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. CAU 224 is listed in the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) of 1996 as Decon Pad and Septic Systems and is comprised of the following nine Corrective Action Sites (CASs): CAS 02-04-01, Septic Tank (Buried); CAS 03-05-01, Leachfield; CAS 05-04-01, Septic Tanks (4)/Discharge Area; CAS 06-03-01, Sewage Lagoons (3); CAS 06-05-01, Leachfield; CAS 06-17-04, Decon Pad and Wastewater Catch; CAS 06-23-01, Decon Pad Discharge Piping; CAS 11-04-01, Sewage Lagoon; and CAS 23-05-02, Leachfield. The Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP)-approved corrective action alternative for CASs 02-04-01, 03-05-01, 06-03-01, 11-04-01, and 23-05-02 is no further action. As a best management practice, the septic tanks and distribution box were removed from CASs 02-04-01 and 11-04-01 and disposed of as hydrocarbon waste. The NDEP-approved correction action alternative for CASs 05-04-01, 06-05-01, 06-17-04, and 06-23-01 is clean closure. Closure activities for these CASs included removing and disposing of radiologically and pesticide-impacted soil and debris. CAU 224 was closed in accordance with the NDEP-approved CAU 224 Corrective Action Plan (CAP). The closure activities specified in the CAP were based on the recommendations presented in the CAU 224 Corrective Action Decision Document (U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office, 2005). This Closure Report documents CAU 224 closure activities. During closure activities, approximately 60 cubic yards (yd3) of mixed waste in the form of soil and debris; approximately 70 yd{sup 3} of sanitary waste in the form of soil, liquid from septic tanks, and concrete debris; approximately 10 yd{sup 3} of hazardous waste in the form of pesticide-impacted soil; approximately 0.5 yd{sup 3} of universal waste in the form of fluorescent light bulbs; and approximately 0.5 yd{sup 3} of low-level waste in the form of a radiologically impacted fire hose rack were generated, managed, and disposed of appropriately. Waste minimization techniques, such as the utilization of laboratory analysis and field screening to guide the extent of excavations, were employed during the performance of closure work.

NSTec Environmental Restoration

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Demonstration experience with an abrasive blasting technique for decontaminating concrete pads  

SciTech Connect

A demonstration was performed for decontaminating a radioactivity contaminated concrete pad with a portable abrasive blasting system. The system utilizes a rotating blast wheel that scours the concrete surface with metal abrasive. The metal abrasive, pulverized concrete dust, and contaminants rebound into a separator chamber. The reusable metal abrasive is recycled, and the pulverized media are removed to an integral dust collection system. The exhaust is HEPA filtered to minimize release of airborne contaminants. However, the technique had limited success in reducing contamination around the cracks and seams in the concrete where the higher activity levels of contamination were detected during the radiological survey before the cleanup. The technique can be successful and cost-effective in decontaminating large areas of low contamination; however, careful characterization and planning are necessary. 3 refs., 3 figs., 1 tabs.

Devgun, J.S. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)); Land, R.R. (Bechtel National, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (USA)); Doane, R.W. (TMA/Eberline, Oak Ridge, TN (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Fluid Metrology Calibration Services - Gas, Water, or Liquid ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fluid Metrology Calibration Services - Gas, Water, Natural Gas, or Liquid Hydrocarbon Flows Special Tests. Fluid Metrology ...

2013-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

258

Nonparametric belief propagation for self-calibration in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Automatic self-calibration of ad-hoc sensor networks is a critical need for their use in military or civilian applications. In general, self-calibration involves the combination of absolute location information (e.g. GPS) with relative calibration information ... Keywords: NBP, belief propagation, calibration, localization, nonparametric, sensor network

Alexander T. Ihler; John W. Fisher, III; Randolph L. Moses; Alan S. Willsky

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Target-rate Tracking for Shale-gas Multi-well Pads by Scheduled Shut-ins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Target-rate Tracking for Shale-gas Multi-well Pads by Scheduled Shut-ins Brage R. Knudsen Bjarne, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA. Abstract: The recent success of shale-gas production relies on drilling of long caused by water accumulation in the wells. Shale-gas recovery requires a large number of wells in order

Foss, Bjarne A.

260

Adaptable Multivariate Calibration Models for Spectral Applications  

SciTech Connect

Multivariate calibration techniques have been used in a wide variety of spectroscopic situations. In many of these situations spectral variation can be partitioned into meaningful classes. For example, suppose that multiple spectra are obtained from each of a number of different objects wherein the level of the analyte of interest varies within each object over time. In such situations the total spectral variation observed across all measurements has two distinct general sources of variation: intra-object and inter-object. One might want to develop a global multivariate calibration model that predicts the analyte of interest accurately both within and across objects, including new objects not involved in developing the calibration model. However, this goal might be hard to realize if the inter-object spectral variation is complex and difficult to model. If the intra-object spectral variation is consistent across objects, an effective alternative approach might be to develop a generic intra-object model that can be adapted to each object separately. This paper contains recommendations for experimental protocols and data analysis in such situations. The approach is illustrated with an example involving the noninvasive measurement of glucose using near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Extensions to calibration maintenance and calibration transfer are discussed.

THOMAS,EDWARD V.

1999-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Calibration Monitoring for Sensor Calibration Interval Extension: Gaps in the Current Science Base  

SciTech Connect

Currently in the United States, periodic sensor recalibration is required for all safety-related sensors, typically occurring at every refueling outage, and it has emerged as a critical path item for shortening outage duration in some plants. International application of calibration monitoring has shown that sensors may operate for longer periods within calibration tolerances. This issue is expected to also be important as the United States looks to the next generation of reactor designs (such as small modular reactors and advanced concepts), given the anticipated longer refueling cycles, proposed advanced sensors, and digital instrumentation and control systems. Online monitoring (OLM) can be employed to identify those sensors that require calibration, allowing for calibration of only those sensors that need it. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) accepted the general concept of OLM for sensor calibration monitoring in 2000, but no U.S. plants have been granted the necessary license amendment to apply it. This paper summarizes a recent state-of-the-art assessment of online calibration monitoring in the nuclear power industry, including sensors, calibration practice, and OLM algorithms. This assessment identifies key research needs and gaps that prohibit integration of the NRC-approved online calibration monitoring system in the U.S. nuclear industry. Several technical needs were identified, including an understanding of the impacts of sensor degradation on measurements for both conventional and emerging sensors; the quantification of uncertainty in online calibration assessment; determination of calibration acceptance criteria and quantification of the effect of acceptance criteria variability on system performance; and assessment of the feasibility of using virtual sensor estimates to replace identified faulty sensors in order to extend operation to the next convenient maintenance opportunity.

Coble, Jamie B.; Ramuhalli, Pradeep; Meyer, Ryan M.; Hashemian, Hash; Shumaker, Brent; Cummins, Dara

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

262

A Review of Sensor Calibration Monitoring for Calibration Interval Extension in Nuclear Power Plants  

SciTech Connect

Currently in the United States, periodic sensor recalibration is required for all safety-related sensors, typically occurring at every refueling outage, and it has emerged as a critical path item for shortening outage duration in some plants. Online monitoring can be employed to identify those sensors that require calibration, allowing for calibration of only those sensors that need it. International application of calibration monitoring, such as at the Sizewell B plant in United Kingdom, has shown that sensors may operate for eight years, or longer, within calibration tolerances. This issue is expected to also be important as the United States looks to the next generation of reactor designs (such as small modular reactors and advanced concepts), given the anticipated longer refueling cycles, proposed advanced sensors, and digital instrumentation and control systems. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) accepted the general concept of online monitoring for sensor calibration monitoring in 2000, but no U.S. plants have been granted the necessary license amendment to apply it. This report presents a state-of-the-art assessment of online calibration monitoring in the nuclear power industry, including sensors, calibration practice, and online monitoring algorithms. This assessment identifies key research needs and gaps that prohibit integration of the NRC-approved online calibration monitoring system in the U.S. nuclear industry. Several needs are identified, including the quantification of uncertainty in online calibration assessment; accurate determination of calibration acceptance criteria and quantification of the effect of acceptance criteria variability on system performance; and assessment of the feasibility of using virtual sensor estimates to replace identified faulty sensors in order to extend operation to the next convenient maintenance opportunity. Understanding the degradation of sensors and the impact of this degradation on signals is key to developing technical basis to support acceptance criteria and set point decisions, particularly for advanced sensors which do not yet have a cumulative history of operating performance.

Coble, Jamie B.; Meyer, Ryan M.; Ramuhalli, Pradeep; Bond, Leonard J.; Hashemian, Hash; Shumaker, Brent; Cummins, Dara

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

263

Electric Ground Support Equipment Advanced Battery Technology Demonstration Project at the Ontario Airport  

SciTech Connect

The intent of the electric Ground Support Equipment (eGSE) demonstration is to evaluate the day-to-day vehicle performance of electric baggage tractors using two advanced battery technologies to demonstrate possible replacements for the flooded lead-acid (FLA) batteries utilized throughout the industry. These advanced battery technologies have the potential to resolve barriers to the widespread adoption of eGSE deployment. Validation testing had not previously been performed within fleet operations to determine if the performance of current advanced batteries is sufficient to withstand the duty cycle of electric baggage tractors. This report summarizes the work performed and data accumulated during this demonstration in an effort to validate the capabilities of advanced battery technologies. This report summarizes the work performed and data accumulated during this demonstration in an effort to validate the capabilities of advanced battery technologies. The demonstration project also grew the relationship with Southwest Airlines (SWA), our demonstration partner at Ontario International Airport (ONT), located in Ontario, California. The results of this study have encouraged a proposal for a future demonstration project with SWA.

Tyler Gray; Jeremy Diez; Jeffrey Wishart; James Francfort

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

CX-007440: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0: Categorical Exclusion Determination 0: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007440: Categorical Exclusion Determination Routine Maintenance Activities at the Grand Junction Regional Airport, Colorado, Calibration Model Facility CX(s) Applied: B1.3, B1.24 Date: 12/13/2011 Location(s): Colorado Offices(s): Legacy Management DOE proposes to conduct routine maintenance actions as needed at a facility containing five concrete calibration pads. The facility is located at the Grand Junction Regional Airport on property leased from the Airport Authority. Renewal of the lease generally takes place every 5 years with the next renewal anticipated in 2013. CX-007440.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-007438: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007442: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007439

265

Calibrating transport lines using LOCO techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the 12GeV upgrade underway at CEBAF, there is a need to re-characterize the beamlines after the modifications made to it to accommodate running at higher energies. We present a linear perturbation approach to calibrating the optics model of transport lines. This method is adapted from the LOCO method in use for storage rings. We consider the effect of quadrupole errors, dipole construction errors as well as beam position monitors and correctors calibrations. The ideal model is expanded to first order in Taylor series of the quadrupole errors. A set of difference orbits obtained by exciting the correctors along the beamline is taken, yielding the measured response matrix. An iterative procedure is invoked and the quadrupole errors as well as beam position monitors and corrector calibration factors are obtained. Here we present details of the method and results of first measurements at CEBAF in early 2011.

Yves Roblin

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Visible/infrared radiometric calibration station  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have begun construction of a visible/infrared radiometric calibration station that will allow for absolute calibration of optical and IR remote sensing instruments with clear apertures less than 16 inches in diameter in a vacuum environment. The calibration station broadband sources will be calibrated at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and allow for traceable absolute radiometric calibration to within {plus_minus}3% in the visible and near IR (0.4--2.5 {mu}m), and less than {plus_minus}1% in the infrared, up to 12 {mu}m. Capabilities for placing diffraction limited images or for sensor full-field flooding will exist. The facility will also include the calibration of polarization and spectral effects, spatial resolution, field of view performance, and wavefront characterization. The configuration of the vacuum calibration station consists of an off-axis 21 inch, f/3.2, parabolic collimator with a scanning fold flat in collimated space. The sources are placed, via mechanisms to be described, at the focal plane of the off-axis parabola. Vacuum system pressure will be in the 10{sup {minus}6} Torr range. The broadband white-light source is a custom design by LANL with guidance from Labsphere Inc. The continuous operating radiance of the integrating sphere will be from 0.0--0.006 W/cm{sup 2}/Sr/{mu}m (upper level quoted for {approximately}500 nm wavelength). The blackbody source is also custom designed at LANL with guidance from NIST. The blackbody temperature will be controllable between 250--350{degrees}K. Both of the above sources have 4.1 inch apertures with estimated radiometric instability at less than 1%. The designs of each of these units will be described. The monochromator and interferometer light sources are outside the vacuum, but all optical relay and beam shaping optics are enclosed within the vacuum calibration station. These sources are described, as well as the methodology for alignment and characterization.

Byrd, D.A.; Maier, W.B. II; Bender, S.C.; Holland, R.F.; Michaud, F.D.; Luettgen, A.L.; Christensen, R.W. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); O`Brian, T.R. [National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NML), Gaithersburg, MD (United States). Radiometric Physics Div.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Automatic Projector Calibration with Embedded Light Sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Projection technology typically places several constraints on the geometric relationship between the projector and the projection surface to obtain an undistorted, properly sized image. In this paper we describe a simple, robust, fast, and low-cost method for automatic projector calibration that eliminates many of these constraints. We embed light sensors in the target surface, project Gray-coded binary patterns to discover the sensor locations, and then prewarp the image to accurately fit the physical features of the projection surface. This technique can be expanded to automatically stitch multiple projectors, calibrate onto nonplanar surfaces for object decoration, and provide a method for simple geometry acquisition.

Johnny C. Lee; Johnny C. Lee; Paul H. Dietz; Paul H. Dietz; Dan Maynes-Aminzade; Dan Maynes-aminzade; Scott E. Hudson; Scott E. Hudson

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Automated system for the calibration of magnetometers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A completely nonmagnetic calibration platform has been developed and constructed at DTU Space (Technical University of Denmark). It is intended for on-site scalar calibration of high-precise fluxgate magnetometers. An enhanced version of the same platform is being built at the Czech Technical University. There are three axes of rotation in this design (compared to two axes in the previous version). The addition of the third axis allows us to calibrate more complex devices. An electronic compass based on a vector fluxgate magnetometer and micro electro mechanical systems (MEMS) accelerometer is one example. The new platform can also be used to evaluate the parameters of the compass in all possible variations in azimuth, pitch, and roll. The system is based on piezoelectric motors, which are placed on a platform made of aluminum, brass, plastic, and glass. Position sensing is accomplished through custom-made optical incremental sensors. The system is controlled by a microcontroller, which executes commands from a computer. The properties of the system as well as calibration and measurement results will be presented.

Petrucha, Vojtech; Kaspar, Petr; Ripka, Pavel [Department of Measurement, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Technicka 2, 166 27 Praha 6 (Czech Republic); Merayo, Jose M. G. [National Space Institute-DTU Space, Technical University of Denmark, Elektrovej 327, 2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark)

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Calibrating subjective probabilities using hierarchical bayesian models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A body of psychological research has examined the correspondence between a judge's subjective probability of an event's outcome and the event's actual outcome. The research generally shows that subjective probabilities are noisy and do not ... Keywords: Bayesian methods, calibration, confidence, expert judgment, subjective probability

Edgar C. Merkle

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

A constrained regression technique for cocomo calibration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Building cost estimation models is often considered a search problem in which the solver should return an optimal solution satisfying an objective function. This solution also needs to meet certain constraints. For example, a solution for the estimates ... Keywords: calibration, cocomo, linear programming, linear regression with constraints, optimization, quadratic programming, software cost estimation

Vu Nguyen; Bert Steece; Barry Boehm

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Automatic projector calibration with embedded light sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Projection technology typically places several constraints on the geometric relationship between the projector and the projection surface to obtain an undistorted, properly sized image. In this paper we describe a simple, robust, fast, and low-cost method ... Keywords: keystone correction, multi-projector stitching, object decoration, projector calibration, structured light

Johnny C. Lee; Paul H. Dietz; Dan Maynes-Aminzade; Ramesh Raskar; Scott E. Hudson

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

RADCAL Operations Manual Radiation Calibration Laboratory Protocol  

SciTech Connect

The Life Sciences Division (LSD) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has a long record of radiation dosimetry research, primarily using the Health Physics Research Reactor (HPRR) and the Radiation Calibration Laboratory (RADCAL) in its Dosimetry Applications Research (DOSAR) Program. These facilities have been used by a broad segment of the research community to perform a variety of experiments in areas including, but not limited to, radiobiology, radiation dosimeter and instrumentation development and calibration, and the testing of materials in a variety of radiation environments. Operations of the HPRR were terminated in 1987 and the reactor was moved to storage at the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant; however, RADCAL will continue to be operated in accordance with the guidelines of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Secondary Calibration Laboratory program and will meet all requirements for testing dosimeters under the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP). This manual is to serve as the primary instruction and operation manual for the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's RADCAL facility. Its purpose is to (1) provide operating protocols for the RADCAL facility, (2) outline the organizational structure, (3) define the Quality Assurance Action Plan, and (4) describe all the procedures, operations, and responsibilities for the safe and proper operation of all routine aspects of the calibration facility.

Bogard, J.S.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Field Calibration Facilities for Environmental Measurement of Radium,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Field Calibration Facilities for Environmental Measurement of Field Calibration Facilities for Environmental Measurement of Radium, Thorium, and Potassium (October 2013) Field Calibration Facilities for Environmental Measurement of Radium, Thorium, and Potassium (October 2013) The first edition of this report, released in October 1982, presented physical-characteristic information for the various DOE radiologic-instrument calibration facilities located throughout the U.S. Three subsequent editions have been released in an effort to update information regarding the current status of the facilities. Field Calibration Facilities for Environmental Measurement of Radium, Thorium, and Potassium (October 2013) More Documents & Publications Field Calibration Facilities for Environmental Measurement of Radium, Thorium, and Potassium (June 1994)

274

Thoughts on VCD-145 Detector Calibration  

SciTech Connect

In 1980, Don Smith requested that the EG&G Detector Group in North Las Vegas provide a summary of calibrated sensitivities for the VCD-145 detector. The &sired information was provided in a memorandum from Sam Egdorf (Reference 1). A memo from Brent Davis issued a week later described the effect on VCD-145 detector sensitivity that resulted from changing the thickness of the stainless steel entrance window (Reference 2). This memo is intended first to effectively archive those two references, and second to record thoughts about the significance of their contents. Reference 1 lists a total of 118 calibrated values for 80 different VCD-145 detectors, from 1977 to 1980. With only four exceptions, all of the serial numbers from V004 to V087 were included. The earlier calibrations were for detectors with 1-mil entrance windows, and the later ones were for detectors with 2-mil entrance windows. Three of the earlier units were calibrated at both thicknesses by temporarily placing an extra 1-mil sheet of stainless steel across the window. Altogether six different collimator diameters were used, from 60 mm to 95 mm. Some units were calibrated for more than one collimator diameter, and 14 were at some point designated as backup detectors for a second event. Reference 2 describes the effect of window thickness on calibrated sensitivity. Quoting that reference: ''To demonstrate that the sensitivity decrease is solely a function of the window thickness, a standard VCD-145 detector with a 0.001-inch thick window was calibrated with the {sup 60}Co source. Then without changing detector or geometry, a 0.001 -inch thick stainless steel foil (same material as that of the window) was placed directly in front of the detector window, effectively making a 0.002-inch thick entrance window. The detector was again calibrated. This technique was repeated until the detector had an entrance window equivalent to 0.010-inches thick.'' There are multiple reasons to suspect that the accuracy of the sensitivity reported for a vacuum Compton detector is uncertain by one-half percent or so. Differences in collimated diameter, variations in window thickness, and unknown errors in the calibration procedures all seem to have some small uncertainty. If one looks at the situation from another angle, this can be considered good news--because there are no indications of uncertainties at the one percent level. Having studied the data from References 1 and 2 in depth, it is my opinion that an experimenter can be confident that the calibrated sensitivity reported for a vacuum Compton detector is accurate to one percent or better. This may not be the smallest error in a reaction history measurement, and it may not be negligible, but realistically it is not often a concern. The uncertainty in knowledge of energy transmission through several mean free paths of attenuating material will almost certainly be several times larger than the uncertainty in detector sensitivity. It is believed that there is a trend for the VCD-145 sensitivity to decrease as the collimator diameter is reduced. Since this likely aggravates the problem of the negative precursor, it is recommended that when detector time response is important, the detector should only be used with a collimator that is close to the largest allowed.

Morgan, W V

2005-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

275

Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

PAD District I 1984 ...................................... 92.3 84.8 NA NA 102.5 92.4 91.6 84.2 1985 ...................................... 93.6 85.2 NA NA 104.2 93.3 93.4 85.2 1986 ...................................... 63.9 53.2 NA NA 76.1 62.1 65.3 55.2 1987 ...................................... 67.5 57.7 NA NA 80.5 68.2 69.9 60.6 1988 ...................................... 67.1 56.1 NA NA 81.3 68.7 70.8 60.2 1989 ...................................... 74.1 62.7 82.0 70.0 90.5 76.7 79.4 67.9 1990 ...................................... 87.6 77.7 94.8 83.2 101.9 89.0 91.8 81.5 1991 ...................................... 79.2 70.6 87.5 75.7 95.9 83.2 83.8 74.2 1992 ...................................... 74.0 65.1 84.1 71.4 93.0 78.4 79.6 69.3 1993 ...................................... 69.7 59.0 80.2 66.1

276

Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

PAD District I 1984 ...................................... 92.3 84.8 NA NA 102.5 92.4 91.6 84.2 1985 ...................................... 93.6 85.2 NA NA 104.2 93.3 93.4 85.2 1986 ...................................... 63.9 53.2 NA NA 76.1 62.1 65.3 55.2 1987 ...................................... 67.5 57.7 NA NA 80.5 68.2 69.9 60.6 1988 ...................................... 67.1 56.1 NA NA 81.3 68.7 70.8 60.2 1989 ...................................... 74.1 62.7 82.0 70.0 90.5 76.7 79.4 67.9 1990 ...................................... 87.6 77.7 94.8 83.2 101.9 89.0 91.8 81.5 1991 ...................................... 79.2 70.6 87.5 75.7 95.9 83.2 83.8 74.2 1992 ...................................... 74.0 65.1 84.1 71.4 93.0 78.4 79.6 69.3 1993 ...................................... 69.7 59.0 80.2 66.1

277

Realistic Uncertainties in Pressure and Temperature Calibration Reference Values  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Field instruments require calibration against standards that introduce-insignificant errors of their own in the process. This paper discusses a pressure and temperature calibration facility, analyzes the error levels attained in its routine use ...

Julian M. Pike

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Calibration and Stability of Oxygen Sensors on Autonomous Floats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The calibration accuracy and stability of three Aanderaa 3835 optodes and three Seabird SBE-43 oxygen sensors were evaluated over four years using in situ and laboratory calibrations. The sensors were mostly in storage, being in the ocean for ...

Eric A. D’Asaro; Craig McNeil

279

A New Method for Calibrating Reference and Field Pyranometers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple method for calibrating reference pyranometers is described. Called the alternate method, it requires monitoring of direct irradiance and diffuse and global irradiance voltages without the need for a calibrated diffuse pyranometer. The ...

Bruce W. Forgan

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Modeling of Spectralon diffusers for radiometric calibration in remote sensing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling of Spectralon diffusers for radiometric calibration in remote sensing G. Bazalgette Courre Abstract. Onboard calibration of radiometric measurements in remote sensing is often achieved for publication May 28, 2003. 1 Introduction Light diffusers are used in remote sensing applications

Sprik, Rudolf

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Calibration and Stability of Oxygen Sensors on Autonomous Floats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The calibration accuracy and stability of three Aanderaa 3835 optodes and three Sea-Bird Electronics SBE-43 oxygen sensors were evaluated over four years using in situ and laboratory calibrations. The sensors were mostly in storage, being in the ...

Eric A. D'Asaro; Craig McNeil

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Active self-calibration of multi-camera systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a method for actively calibrating a multicamera system consisting of pan-tilt zoom cameras. After a coarse initial calibration, we determine the probability of each relative pose using a probability distribution based on the camera images. ...

Marcel Brückner; Joachim Denzler

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

NIST SURF Beamline 3: Facility for Irradiance Calibration ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Beamline 3 is home to the Facility for Irradiance Calibration Using ... Source of Uncertainty, Nominal Value, Relative Uncertainty, Sensitivity Coefficient, ...

2012-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

284

Meet Phannie, NIST's Standard 'Phantom' for Calibrating MRI ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Meet Phannie, NIST's Standard 'Phantom' for Calibrating MRI Machines. ... The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has unveiled ...

2013-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

285

NIST Calibration Heart-ening for New Treatment / Transient ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST UPDATE - Physics Laboratory Articles April 1, 1996 HEALTH NIST Calibration Heart-ening for New Treatment. Cardiologists ...

286

Test surfaces useful for calibration of surface profilometers  

SciTech Connect

The present invention provides for test surfaces and methods for calibration of surface profilometers, including interferometric and atomic force microscopes. Calibration is performed using a specially designed test surface, or the Binary Pseudo-random (BPR) grating (array). Utilizing the BPR grating (array) to measure the power spectral density (PSD) spectrum, the profilometer is calibrated by determining the instrumental modulation transfer.

Yashchuk, Valeriy V; McKinney, Wayne R; Takacs, Peter Z

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

287

NIST Measurement Services: Natural Gas Flow Calibration Service (NGFCS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NIST Measurement Services: Natural Gas Flow Calibration Service (NGFCS) NIST Special Publication of Standards and Technology #12;i Table of Contents for the Natural Gas Flowmeter Calibration Service (NGFCS;1 Abstract This document describes NIST's high pressure natural gas flow calibration service (NGFCS). Flow

Magee, Joseph W.

288

Calibration method for video and radiation imagers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The relationship between the high energy radiation imager pixel (HERIP) coordinate and real-world x-coordinate is determined by a least square fit between the HERIP x-coordinate and the measured real-world x-coordinates of calibration markers that emit high energy radiation imager and reflect visible light. Upon calibration, a high energy radiation imager pixel position may be determined based on a real-world coordinate of a moving vehicle. Further, a scale parameter for said high energy radiation imager may be determined based on the real-world coordinate. The scale parameter depends on the y-coordinate of the moving vehicle as provided by a visible light camera. The high energy radiation imager may be employed to detect radiation from moving vehicles in multiple lanes, which correspondingly have different distances to the high energy radiation imager.

Cunningham, Mark F. (Oak Ridge, TN); Fabris, Lorenzo (Knoxville, TN); Gee, Timothy F. (Oak Ridge, TN); Goddard, Jr., James S. (Knoxville, TN); Karnowski, Thomas P. (Knoxville, TN); Ziock, Klaus-peter (Clinton, TN)

2011-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

289

Commissioning and Calibration of the ALICE TPC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) is the dedicated heavy ion experiment at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. The main tracking device of ALICE is a large volume TPC. The milestones of the TPC commissioning as well as the current status of the detector calibration are presented. The obtained resolutions in transverse momentum, position as well as in specific energy loss (dE/dx) are presented and results from noise and electron drift velocity measurements are addressed.

J. Wiechula; for the ALICE TPC Collaboration

2009-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

290

HLNC calibration and application to waste measurement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using the established equations governing the counts and the underlying nuclear parameters involved in neutron coincidence measurements, the calibration procedure used in calculating the effective Pu{sup 240} mass in plutonium bearing samples is carefully reexamined and restructured in a physically and mathematically consistent form. The characteristics of this approach are described and its application to existing data illustrated. The implications for waste measurements are discussed.

Lu, Ming-Shih; Teichmann, T. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)); De Ridder, P.M.; Delegard, C. (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

HLNC calibration and application to waste measurement  

SciTech Connect

Using the established equations governing the counts and the underlying nuclear parameters involved in neutron coincidence measurements, the calibration procedure used in calculating the effective Pu{sup 240} mass in plutonium bearing samples is carefully reexamined and restructured in a physically and mathematically consistent form. The characteristics of this approach are described and its application to existing data illustrated. The implications for waste measurements are discussed.

Lu, Ming-Shih; Teichmann, T. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); De Ridder, P.M.; Delegard, C. [International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

The Lisbon new international airport: The story of a decision-making process and the role of Strategic Environmental Assessment  

SciTech Connect

This is the brief story of a decision process and the role of Strategic Environmental Assessment in government political decision-making. Following a prolonged, and agitated, decision process, initiated in the 1960s, the Government of Portugal in 2005 took the final decision to build the new international airport of Lisbon at the controversial location of Ota, 40 km north of Lisbon. The detailed project design and EIA were started. However this decision would change in 2007 due to the challenge raised by a private sponsored study that identified an alternative location for the airport at Campo de Tiro de Alcochete (CTA). This new site, which had never been considered as an option before, appeared to avoid many of the problems that caused public controversy at the Ota site. The Government, pressured by this challenge, promoted a strategic comparative assessment between the two sites. The result of this study was the choice of CTA as the preferred location. This paper discusses this radical change in the decision from a socio-political perspective. It will highlight the relevance of Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA), and the strategic and constructive approach it enables in mega-project decision-making.

Partidario, Maria R., E-mail: mrp@civil.ist.utl.p [Instituto Superior Tecnico, Departamento de Engenharia Civil e Arquitectura, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 LISBOA (Portugal); Coutinho, Miguel, E-mail: miguel.coutinho@ua.p [IDAD-Instituto do Ambiente e Desenvolvimento, Campus Universitario, 3810-193 AVEIRO (Portugal)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

Improving Building Comfort and Energy Savings of the McKenzie Airport Terminal by Maintaining and Improving Pneumatic Control Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

McKenzie Airport Terminal is located at Easterwood Airport, which is owned and operated by Texas A&M University. It was built in 1988. Most all HVAC equipment, which includes boiler, chiller, pumps, AHUs and exhaust fans, due to lack of maintenance, had some form of deteriorated controls, components, and operational function. For example, most of pneumatic controls were failed due to bad components, wrong settings, and disconnection before the Continuous CommissioningR (CCSM). This caused humid and hot problems of the building, and wasted energy. After maintaining and improving the pneumatic controls, the boiler and hot water pump is now turned off when outside air temperature is higher than 80°F. The chiller is now shut off when the outside air temperature is below 55 °F, and the economizers activate to maintain discharge air temperature when the outside air temperature is below 60 °F. The building comfort in temperature and relative humidity (RH) is improved after CCSM. For example, average space temperature of the building was above 75 °F most of the time before CCSM and is now 73 °F after CCSM. The relative humidity in the baggage claim area was 70% before CCSM and is now 55% after CCSM. The annual savings of electricity for chiller and natural gas for boiler are $5,040 and $12,090 respectively. The total annual energy savings are $17,130.

Liu, C.; Bruner, H. L.; Deng, S.; Brundidge, T.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Field Calibration Facilities for Environmental Measurement of Radium,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Field Calibration Facilities for Environmental Measurement of Field Calibration Facilities for Environmental Measurement of Radium, Thorium, and Potassium (October 2013) Field Calibration Facilities for Environmental Measurement of Radium, Thorium, and Potassium (October 2013) The first edition of this report, released in October 1982, presented physical-characteristic information for the various DOE radiologic-instrument calibration facilities located throughout the U.S. Three subsequent editions have been released in an effort to update information regarding the current status of the facilities. Field Calibration Facilities for Environmental Measurement of Radium, Thorium, and Potassium (October 2013) More Documents & Publications Calibration Model Assignments expressed as U3O8, Summary Table ES-1 Field Calibration Facilities for Environmental Measurement of Radium,

295

Skill of a Ceiling and Visibility Local Ensemble Prediction System (LEPS) according to Fog-Type Prediction at Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A specific event, called a low-visibility procedure (LVP), has been defined when visibility is under 600 m and/or the ceiling is under 60 m at Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport, Paris, France, to ensure air traffic safety and to reduce the economic ...

Stevie Roquelaure; Robert Tardif; Samuel Remy; Thierry Bergot

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Tell President Obama About Coal River Mountain Coal River Mountain and the Heathrow Airport runway remind me how important it is to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tell President Obama About Coal River Mountain Coal River Mountain and the Heathrow Airport runway remind me how important it is to keep our eye on the ball. Coal River Mountain is the site of an absurdity. I learned about Coal River Mountain from students at Virginia Tech last fall. They were concerned

Hansen, James E.

297

Calibration prerequisite for accurate PVT measurements  

SciTech Connect

A calibration procedure improves PVT (pressure-volume-temperature) measurement accuracy, especially at high pressures. This approach can be used for both the traditional setups with mercury as the displacing fluid or with the more recent mercury-free systems. Volume is the parameter that usually varies independently during the course of PVT studies. The accuracy with which the volume variations are monitored influences directly the quality of the results. This paper describes the major parts of a typical PVT setup designed to meet the requirements for oil and gas condensate fluid studies.

Varotsis, N.; Pasadakis, N. [Technical Univ. of Crete, Chania (Greece)

1996-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

298

A Frequency Comb calibrated Solar Atlas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The solar spectrum is a primary reference for the study of physical processes in stars and their variation during activity cycles. In Nov 2010 an experiment with a prototype of a Laser Frequency Comb (LFC) calibration system was performed with the HARPS spectrograph of the 3.6m ESO telescope at La Silla during which high signal-to-noise spectra of the Moon were obtained. We exploit those Echelle spectra to study the optical integrated solar spectrum . The DAOSPEC program is used to measure solar line positions through gaussian fitting in an automatic way. We first apply the LFC solar spectrum to characterize the CCDs of the HARPS spectrograph. The comparison of the LFC and Th-Ar calibrated spectra reveals S-type distortions on each order along the whole spectral range with an amplitude of +/-40 m/s. This confirms the pattern found by Wilken et al. (2010) on a single order and extends the detection of the distortions to the whole analyzed region revealing that the precise shape varies with wavelength. A new da...

Molaro, P; Monai, S; Hernandez, J I Gonzalez; Hansch, T W; Holzwarth, R; Manescau, A; Pasquini, L; Probst, R A; Rebolo, R; Steinmetz, T; Udem, Th; Wilken, T

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

The ATLAS Inner Detector commissioning and calibration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ATLAS Inner Detector is a composite tracking system consisting of silicon pixels, silicon strips and straw tubes in a 2 T magnetic field. Its installation was completed in August 2008 and the detector took part in data- taking with single LHC beams and cosmic rays. The initial detector operation, hardware commissioning and in-situ calibrations are described. Tracking performance has been measured with 7.6 million cosmic-ray events, collected using a tracking trigger and reconstructed with modular pattern-recognition and fitting software. The intrinsic hit efficiency and tracking trigger efficiencies are close to 100%. Lorentz angle measurements for both electrons and holes, specific energy-loss calibration and transition radiation turn-on measurements have been performed. Different alignment techniques have been used to reconstruct the detector geometry. After the initial alignment, a transverse impact parameter resolution of 22.1+/-0.9 {\\mu}m and a relative momentum resolution {\\sigma}p/p = (4.83+/-0.16) \\times 10-4 GeV-1 \\times pT have been measured for high momentum tracks.

The ATLAS Collaboration

2010-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

300

Calibrating Accelerometers Using an Electromagnetic Launcher  

SciTech Connect

A Pulse Forming Network (PFN), Helical Electromagnetic Launcher (HEML), Command Module (CM), and Calibration Table (CT) were built and evaluated for the combined ability to calibrate an accelerometer. The PFN has a maximum stored energy of 19.25 kJ bank and is fired by a silicon controlled rectifier (SCR), with appropriate safety precautions. The HEML is constructed out of G-10 fiberglass and is designed to accelerate 600 grams to 10 meters per second. The CM is microcontroller based running Arduino Software. The CM has a keypad input and 7 segment outputs of the bank voltage and desired voltage. After entering a desired bank voltage, the CM controls the charge of the PFN. When the two voltages are equal it allows the fire button to send a pulse to the SCR to fire the PFN and in turn, the HEML. The HEML projectile's tip hits a target that is held by the CT. The CT consists of a table to hold the PFN and HEML, a vacuum chuck, air bearing, velocity meter and catch pot. The Target is held with the vacuum chuck awaiting impact. After impact, the air bearing allows the target to fall freely for the velocity meter to get an accurate reading. A known acceleration is determined from the known change in velocity of the target. Thus, if an accelerometer was attached to the target, the measured value can be compared to the known value.

Erik Timpson

2012-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Preliminary assessment report for Virginia Army National Guard Army Aviation Support Facility, Richmond International Airport, Installation 51230, Sandston, Virginia  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of the preliminary assessment (PA) conducted by Argonne National Laboratory at the Virginia Army National Guard (VaARNG) property in Sandston, Virginia. The Army Aviation Support Facility (AASF) is contiguous with the Richmond International Airport. Preliminary assessments of federal facilities are being conducted to compile the information necessary for completing preremedial activities and to provide a basis for establishing corrective actions in response to releases of hazardous substances. The PA is designed to characterize the site accurately and determine the need for further action by examining site activities, quantities of hazardous substances present, and potential pathways by which contamination could affect public health and the environment. The AASF, originally constructed as an active Air Force interceptor base, provides maintenance support for VaARNG aircraft. Hazardous materials used and stored at the facility include JP-4 jet fuel, diesel fuel, gasoline, liquid propane gas, heating oil, and motor oil.

Dennis, C.B.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Method for in-situ calibration of electrophoretic analysis systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrophoretic system having a plurality of separation lanes is provided with an automatic calibration feature in which each lane is separately calibrated. For each lane, the calibration coefficients map a spectrum of received channel intensities onto values reflective of the relative likelihood of each of a plurality of dyes being present. Individual peaks, reflective of the influence of a single dye, are isolated from among the various sets of detected light intensity spectra, and these can be used to both detect the number of dye components present, and also to establish exemplary vectors for the calibration coefficients which may then be clustered and further processed to arrive at a calibration matrix for the system. The system of the present invention thus permits one to use different dye sets to tag DNA nucleotides in samples which migrate in separate lanes, and also allows for in-situ calibration with new, previously unused dye sets.

Liu, Changsheng (State College, PA); Zhao, Hequan (State College, PA)

2005-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

303

Method and apparatus for calibrating a particle emissions monitor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention discloses a method and apparatus for calibrating particulate emissions monitors, in particular, sampling probes, and in general, without removing the instrument from the system being monitored. A source of one or more specific metals in aerosol (either solid or liquid) or vapor form is housed in the instrument. The calibration operation is initiated by moving a focusing lens, used to focus a light beam onto an analysis location and collect the output light response, from an operating position to a calibration position such that the focal point of the focusing lens is now within a calibration stream issuing from a calibration source. The output light response from the calibration stream can be compared to that derived from an analysis location in the operating position to more accurately monitor emissions within the emissions flow stream. 6 figs.

Flower, W.L.; Renzi, R.F.

1998-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

304

MFRSR Head Refurbishment, Data Logger Upgrade and Calibration Improvements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MFRSR Head Refurbishment, Data Logger Upgrade MFRSR Head Refurbishment, Data Logger Upgrade and Calibration Improvements Gary Hodges, CIRES/NOAA and John Schmelzer, PNL gary.hodges@noaa.gov, john.schmelzer@pnl.gov 17th Annual ARM Science Team Meeting 26-30 March 2006 Monterey, CA Head Refurbishment The Process Includes: * New filter detectors * Relocate internal thermistors * New connectors * Gain resistors moved to head * Improved insulation The Finished Heads: * Are lamp calibrated * Have filter profiles measured * Cosine characterized * Are out-of-band tested What Does This Mean For Data Users? * Fewer data gaps * Fewer DQRs * Confidence in the data * Well calibrated data Calibration Improvements 5 6 7 8 0 2 4 6 Airmass ln Direct Data will now be calibrated by the Langley method Extrapolate to TOA to get V 0 Benefits of Langley vs. Lamp calibrations:

305

Silicon Micromachined Dimensional Calibration Artifact for Mesoscale Measurement Machines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Silicon Micromachined Dimensional Calibration Silicon Micromachined Dimensional Calibration Artifact for Mesoscale Measurement Machines 1 Silicon Micromachined Dimensional Calibration Artifact for Mesoscale Measurement Machines 2 Sandia National Laboratories PO Box 5800 Albuquerque, NM 87185 USA Hy D. Tran, PhD, PE Phone: (505)844-5417 Fax: (505)844-4372 hdtran@sandia.gov AFFIRMATION: I affirm that all information submitted as a part of, or supplemental to, this entry is a fair and accurate representation of this product. ___________________________________ Hy D. Tran Not a joint entry. Silicon Micromachined Dimensional Calibration Artifact for Mesoscale Measurement Machines The silicon hybrid artifact is an anisotropic-etched silicon standard that is used as a calibration reference artifact to calibrate vision-based and

306

Calibration of NRSF2 Instrument at HFIR  

SciTech Connect

The Neutron Residual Stress Mapping Facility (NRSF2) at HB-2B is a new generation-diffraction instrument, adding many new Second Generation features, such as larger beam tube, large sample XYZ goniometer, and KAPPA orienter for a broad range of materials behavior studies. One key feature is the NRSF2 monochromator, which is a double focusing, double crystal monochromator system consisting of two sets of stacked Si crystal wafers. One set of wafers has Si[400] plane normal to the surface while the other set of wafers has the Si[500] normal to the surface. The monochromator crystal diffracts at a fixed diffraction angle of 88{sup o} selecting a neutron wavelength determined by the monochromator d{sub hkl}-spacing. This 'Missouri' monochromator system has two independent monochromators, which enable diffraction from the following set of six diffraction planes: Si(511), Si(422), Si(331)AF (Anti-Fankuchen geometry), Si(400), Si(311), and Si(220). These diffraction planes can provide 6 different neutron wavelengths: approximately 1.45, 1.54, 1.73, 1.89 {angstrom}, 2.27, and 2.66 also incorporate seven position sensitive detectors located in a detector shield box. To use this advanced instrument for scientific and engineering measurements, careful calibration needs to be performed to accurately calibrate the seven position sensitive detectors, neutron wavelength, and 2{theta}{sub 0}. Just as in the X-ray diffraction technique, neutron diffraction directly measures the diffraction angle (2{theta}) or diffraction peak position, then based on Bragg's law and a strain free lattice spacing, the strain can be calculated. Therefore anything that can affect the diffracting angle measurement can influence the accuracy of the strain measurements. The sources of difficulties in achieving accurate neutron diffraction peak positions can be classified into three categories. (1) Instrument - These difficulties come from alignment of the monochromator, alignment of the incident and detector slits, leveling of the sample table, 2{theta}{sub 0} offset, and response of the position sensitive detector; (2) Counting statistics - if the peak profile count is too low, then the peak position derived from fitting a profile and background will have larger error. Therefore, adequate counting statistics and well-defined peaks are always good for precise peak position determination; and (3) Sample - Large grain size materials make it difficult to get enough diffracting grains, contributing to the different profile. With a low number the peak becomes 'spot' and results in inaccuracy in peak position. Texture in the sample can change the effective elastic constants and also affect the peak intensity. Phase and composition inhomogeneity can make it difficult to determine an accurate stress-free d{sub 0} for strain calculation. A partially buried gauge volume due to proximity to the sample surface or buried interface can also shift the peak position. The calibration method presented in this report will address the first two categories of difficulties listed above. The FWHM can be minimized for each sample d-spacing by adjusting the horizontal bending of the monochromator crystal. For the monochromator, the optimum FWHM lies between 70 and 110 degree. This range is selected in order to maintain an approximately equiaxed gauge volume and avoid significant increases in peak breadth for the detectors above and below the horizontal plane. To adequately calibrate the position sensitive detectors, 2{theta}{sub 0}, and wavelength, a set of high purity reference powders were selected. Since the selected reference powders have define grain size is, the measurement errors from sample grain size and texture can be excluded, although there may still be micro-strain in the powders, which can broaden the reference peak. In this report, the calibration procedure for the NRSF2 instrument will be presented and calibration results for five monochromator settings from HFIR cycle 403 will be presented. The monochromator settings calibrated include Si(331)AF (Anti-Fankuche n geomet

Tang, Fei [ORNL; Hubbard, Camden R [ORNL

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

On-chip Benchmarking and Calibration without External References  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the target component. A benchmark value is calculated based11  3.4 Calibration using Benchmarkthe target component. A benchmark value is calculated based

Lee, Cheol-Woong

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

BSA 08-21: Calibration Test Surface for Surface Profilometers  

Describes a test tool that can be used to calibrate surface profilometers. Surface profilometers are basic metrology tools used to characterize high ...

309

2.3.6. Instrument calibration over a regime  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... A quadratic fit to the loadcell data produces the calibration curve that is shown as the solid line. For a future measurement with the load cell, Y ...

2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

310

NIST Telescope Calibration May Help Explain Mystery of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... They will use this information to calibrate a much larger telescope–the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, planned for construction in Chile. ...

2011-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

311

LRM probe-tip calibrations using nonideal standards ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Design of Output Circuits for Power Amplifier,” IEEE ... the effect of line loss on this ... rigorous theory for deembedding and network analyzer calibration ...

2013-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

312

Calibrated Broadband DC-Coupled High Impedance Pickoff ...  

Craig E. Deibele, Brian Link, and Vladimir V. Peplov, Calibrated Broadband DC-Coupled High Impedance Pickoff Circuit for Remote Monitoring

313

Increasing operational availability of H-60 calibration support equipment .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this MBA Project was to identify inefficiencies in the H-60 support equipment calibration process at Naval Air Station, North Island and analyze… (more)

Johnson, Kelly M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Absolute spectral radiance responsivity calibration of sun photometers  

SciTech Connect

Sun photometers are designed to measure direct solar irradiance and diffused sky radiance for the purpose of atmospheric parameters characterization. A sun photometer is usually calibrated by using a lamp-illuminated integrating sphere source for its band-averaged radiance responsivity, which normally has an uncertainty of 3%-5% at present. Considering the calibration coefficients may also change with time, a regular high precision calibration is important to maintain data quality. In this paper, a tunable-laser-based facility for spectral radiance responsivity calibration has been developed at the Key Laboratory of Optical Calibration and Characterization, Chinese Academy of Sciences. A reference standard radiance radiometer, calibrated against cryogenic radiometer, is used to determine the radiance from a laser-illuminated integrating sphere source. Spectral radiance responsivity of CIMEL CE318-2 sun photometer is calibrated using this new calibration system with a combined standard uncertainty of about 0.8%. As a validation, the derived band-averaged radiance responsivity are compared to that from a Goddard Space Flight Center lamp-based sphere calibration and good agreements (difference <1.4%) are found from 675 to 1020 nm bands.

Xu Qiuyun; Zheng Xiaobing; Zhang Wei; Wang Xianhua; Li Jianjun; Li Xin [Key Laboratory of Optical Calibration and Characterization, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China); Li Zhengqiang [Laboratoire d'Optique Atmospherique, Universite Lille 1, Villeneuve d'Ascq 59655 (France) and State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Institute of Remote Sensing Applications, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101 (China)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

315

Gas Flowmeter Calibrations with the 26 m PVTt Standard  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... thermal mass flow meters, and turbine meters. ... the conditions of usage (ie, gas type, temperature ... a NIST calibration to conditions or gases that were ...

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

316

Non-Destructive Analysis Calibration Standards for Gaseous Diffusion...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Analysis Calibration Standards for Gaseous Diffusion Plant (GDP) Decommissioning The decommissioning of Gaseous Diffusion Plant facilities requires accurate, non-destructive...

317

QAS 2.4 Instrument Calibration 5/26/95  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The objective of this surveillance is to evaluate the implementation of the contractor's program to routinely calibrate instruments, alarms, and sensors.  The Facility Representative observes...

318

A B-Spline Model for Camera Calibration.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a general B-spline surface model for camera calibration. The model implicitly characterizes lens distortion by directly relating positions on the image plane… (more)

Xu, Yiming

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Spectrometry of X-Ray Beams Used for Calibrations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and used to calibrate a wavelength-dispersive crystal x-ray spectrograph used by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) to diagnose ...

2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

320

Simultaneous multi-headed imager geometry calibration method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for calibrating multi-headed high sensitivity and high spatial resolution dynamic imaging systems, especially those useful in the acquisition of tomographic images of small animals. The method of the present invention comprises: simultaneously calibrating two or more detectors to the same coordinate system; and functionally correcting for unwanted detector movement due to gantry flexing.

Tran, Vi-Hoa (Newport News, VA); Meikle, Steven Richard (Penshurst, AU); Smith, Mark Frederick (Yorktown, VA)

2008-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

A Sampling Plan for Use with Dynamic Calibration  

SciTech Connect

Dynamic calibration is a measurement control technique designed to facilitate the use of nondestructive assay for the control and accounting of special nuclear material. The implementation of dynamic calibration requires selection of an appropriate control measurement and sampling plan to provide traceability for the measurement system. A general sampling plan for use when the control measurement is an independent assay is presented with examples.

Lemming, John F.; Rudy, Clifford R.

1979-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

322

Humidity effects on calibrations of radiation therapy electrometers  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To eliminate variation in electrometer calibration results caused by high humidity and suboptimal connectors on the standard capacitors and to implement hardware that prevents overloading of the input stage of electrometers during calibration. Methods: A humidity-controlled cabinet was installed to provide a low-humidity environment for the standard capacitors. All of the coaxial BNC connections were replaced with Triax (TRB) connectors with the exception of the output from the voltage source. A three-stage RC filter with cascaded RC low-pass sections was designed and tested. Results: The installation of the humidity cabinet resulted in a major improvement in the stability and reproducibility of the electrometer calibration system. For the three years since this upgrade, the Ionizing Radiation Standards (IRS) electrometer calibration results have been consistent regardless of the ambient relative humidity in the lab. The connector replacements improved grounding in the calibration circuit. The three-stage filter allows the voltage at the output to rise in an S-shaped waveform, resulting in a smooth rise of the current through the isolation resistor from zero and back again, with no abrupt transition. For the filter design chosen, 99.99% of the charge is delivered within 6 s. Conclusions: A three-way improvement to the calibration measurement system was successful in eliminating the observed variations, resulting in an electrometer calibration measurement system that is unaffected by humidity and allowing reliable year-round calibrations of any electrometer encountered since the implementation of these changes.

Downton, B.; Walker, S. [Ionizing Radiation Standards, National Research Council of Canada, Bldg. M35, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R6 (Canada)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

323

Absolute Calibration of a Large-diameter Light Source  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A method of absolute calibration for large aperture optical systems is presented, using the example of the Pierre Auger Observatory fluorescence detectors. A 2.5 m diameter light source illuminated by an ultra--violet light emitting diode is calibrated with an overall uncertainty of 2.1 % at a wavelength of 365 nm.

Brack, J T; Dorofeev, A; Gookin, B; Harton, J L; Petrov, Y; Rovero, A C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Multi-sensor calibration through iterative registration and fusion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a new multi-sensor calibration approach, called iterative registration and fusion (IRF), is presented. The key idea of this approach is to use surfaces reconstructed from multiple point clouds to enhance the registration accuracy and robustness. ... Keywords: B-spline surface reconstruction, Iterative closest point (ICP), Kalman filter, Registration, Sensor calibration

Yunbao Huang; Xiaoping Qian; Shiliang Chen

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Laser calibration system of TileCal in ATLAS detector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This talk presents the Laser calibration system of TileCal. After a brief introduction putting a stress on the importance of TileCal calibration and the monitoring of its stability, some example of response stability measurements obtained using the laser system are commented.

Giangiobbe, V; The ATLAS collaboration

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Calibration of solar radiation measuring instruments. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A review of solar radiation measurement of instruments and some types of errors is given; and procedures for calibrating solar radiation measuring instruments are detailed. An appendix contains a description of various agencies who perform calibration of solar instruments and a description of the methods they used at the time this report was prepared. (WHK)

Bahm, R J; Nakos, J C

1979-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

NOx, SOx and CO2 Emissions Reduction from Continuous Commissioning® (CC®) Measures at the Rent-A-Car Facility in the Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Energy Systems Laboratory (ESL) at the Texas Engineering Experiment Station, Texas A&M University System was contracted to fulfill a Continuous Commissioning® (CC®)project on the Rent-a-Car facility (RAC) of the Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport (DFWIA) in which energy savings are directly related to an emission reduction that can be credited. The purpose of this study is to estimate the creditable emissions reductions from energy efficiency CC® measures in the RAC of DFWIA.

Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Haberl, J. S.; Yazdani, B.

2006-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

328

Department _____________________ Dept. Head Initials _______________ Date__________________ Adding machine tape, by piece File Folder Tabs, 1/3 cut by piece Legal Pads by piece  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pads by piece _____ _____1-10 8 tabs, assort.____ ruled_____ Paper, white by ream _____1-12 5 tabsDepartment _____________________ Dept. Head Initials _______________ Date__________________ Adding_____ ,white, ,yellow, Box Cutter by piece tap action _____ _____red clear_____ _____5x7" 5x7"_____ standard

Dasgupta, Dipankar

329

Monitoring the Reflectivity Calibration of a Scanning Radar Using a Profiling Radar and a Disdrometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a method of absolutely calibrating and routinely monitoring the reflectivity calibration from a scanning weather radar using a vertically profiling radar that has been absolutely calibrated using a collocated surface ...

Christopher R. Williams; Kenneth S. Gage; Wallace Clark; Paul Kucera

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

CX-007438: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8: Categorical Exclusion Determination 8: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007438: Categorical Exclusion Determination Routine Activities at the Casper, Wyoming, Calibration Model Facility CX(s) Applied: B1.3, B1.24 Date: 12/13/2011 Location(s): Wyoming Offices(s): Legacy Management DOE proposes to conduct routine activities as needed at a facility containing five dry borehole calibration pits and seven concrete calibration pads. These calibration models are located at the Casper, Wyoming Calibration Facility on property leased from the Natrona County International Airport Authority. Renewal of the lease generally occurs every five years with the next anticipated renewal in 2015. CX-007438.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-007440: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007439: Categorical Exclusion Determination

331

Method to calibrate fission chambers in Campbelling mode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fission chambers are neutron detectors which are widely used to instrument experimental reactors such as material testing reactors or zero power reactors. In the presence of a high level mixed gamma and neutron flux, fission chambers can be operated in Campbelling mode (also known as 'fluctuation mode' or 'mean square voltage mode') to provide reliable and precise neutron related measurements. Fission chamber calibration in Campbelling mode (in terms of neutron flux) is usually done empirically using a calibrated reference detector. A major drawback of this method is that calibration measurements have to be performed in a neutron environment very similar to the one in which the calibrated detector will be used afterwards. What we propose here is a different approach based on characterizing the fission chamber response in terms of fission rate. This way, the detector calibration coefficient is independent from the neutron spectrum and can be determined prior to the experiment. The fissile deposit response to the neutron spectrum can then be assessed independently by other means (experimental or numerical). In this paper, the response of CEA made miniature fission chambers in Campbelling mode is studied. We use a theoretical model of the signal to calculate the calibration coefficient. Input parameters of the model come from statistical distribution of individual pulses. Supporting measurements have been made in the CEA Cadarache zero power reactor MINERVE. Results are compared to an empirical Campbelling mode calibration.

Benoit Geslot; Troy C. Unruh; Philippe Filliatre; Christian Jammes; Jacques Di Salvo; Stéphane Bréaud; Jean-François Villard

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

CALIBRATION OF PHOTOELASTIC MODULATORS IN THE VACUUM UV.  

SciTech Connect

Measurements of circular dichroism (CD) in the UV and vacuum UV have used photoelastic modulators (PEMs) for high sensitivity (to about 10{sup -6}). While a simple technique for wavelength calibration of the PEMs has been used with good results, several features of these calibration curves have not been understood. The authors have calibrated a calcium fluoride PEM and a lithium fluoride PEM using the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) at Brookhaven National Laboratory as a light source. These experiments showed calibration graphs that are linear bit do not pass through the graph origin. A second ''multiple pass'' experiment with laser light of a single wavelength, performed on the calcium fluoride PEM, demonstrates the linearity of the PEM electronics. This implies that the calibration behavior results from intrinsic physical properties of the PEM optical element material. An algorithm for generating calibration curves for calcium fluoride and lithium fluoride PEMs has been developed. The calibration curves for circular dichroism measurement for the two PEMs investigated in this study are given as examples.

OAKBERG, T.C.; TRUNK, J.; SUTHERLAND, J.C.

2000-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

333

Extending Sensor Calibration Intervals in Nuclear Power Plants  

SciTech Connect

Currently in the USA, sensor recalibration is required at every refueling outage, and it has emerged as a critical path item for shortening outage duration. International application of calibration monitoring, such as at the Sizewell B plant in UK, has shown that sensors may operate for eight years, or longer, within calibration tolerances. Online monitoring can be employed to identify those sensors which require calibration, allowing for calibration of only those sensors which need it. The US NRC accepted the general concept of online monitoring for sensor calibration monitoring in 2000, but no plants have been granted the necessary license amendment to apply it. This project addresses key issues in advanced recalibration methodologies and provides the science base to enable adoption of best practices for applying online monitoring, resulting in a public domain standardized methodology for sensor calibration interval extension. Research to develop this methodology will focus on three key areas: (1) quantification of uncertainty in modeling techniques used for calibration monitoring, with a particular focus on non-redundant sensor models; (2) accurate determination of acceptance criteria and quantification of the effect of acceptance criteria variability on system performance; and (3) the use of virtual sensor estimates to replace identified faulty sensors to extend operation to the next convenient maintenance opportunity.

Coble, Jamie B.; Meyer, Ryan M.; Ramuhalli, Pradeep; Bond, Leonard J.; Shumaker, Brent; Hashemian, Hash

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

334

Detonation Shock Dynamics (DSD) Calibration for LX-17  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this report is to summarize the results of a Detonation shock dynamics (DSD) calibration for the explosive LX-17. Considering that LX-17 is very similar to PBX 9502 (LX-17 is 92.5% TATB with 7.5% Kel-F 800 binder, while PBX 9502 is 95% TATB with 5% Kel-F 800 binder), we proceed with the analysis assuming many of the DSD constants are the same. We only change the parameters D{sub CJ}, B and {bar C}{sub 6} ({bar C}{sub 6} controls the how D{sub CJ} changes with pressing density). The parameters D{sub CJ} and {bar C}{sub 6} were given by Josh Coe and Sam Shaw's EOS. So, only B was optimized in fitting all the calibration data. This report first discusses some general DSD background, followed by a presentation of the available dataset to perform the calibration, and finally gives the results of the calibration and draws some conclusions. A DSD calibration of LX-17 has been conducted using the existing diameter effect data and shock shape records. The new DSD fit is based off the current PBX 9502 calibration and takes into account the effect of pressing density. Utilizing the PBX 9502 calibration, the effects of initial temperature can also be taken into account.

Aslam, Tariq D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

335

Non-Destructive Analysis Calibration Standards for Gaseous Diffusion Plant  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Non-Destructive Analysis Calibration Standards for Gaseous Non-Destructive Analysis Calibration Standards for Gaseous Diffusion Plant (GDP) Decommissioning Non-Destructive Analysis Calibration Standards for Gaseous Diffusion Plant (GDP) Decommissioning The decommissioning of Gaseous Diffusion Plant facilities requires accurate, non-destructive assay (NDA) of residual enriched uranium in facility components for safeguards and nuclear criticality safety purposes. Current practices used to perform NDA measurements frequently have poorly defined uncertainties due to multiple factors. Working reference material (WRM) standards and container-specific surrogates are required to verify and validate NDA methods used to support characterization of gaseous diffusion equipment within the D&D project. Because working reference

336

Calibrating laser test-beams for cosmic-ray observatories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pulsed UV lasers can provide useful "testbeams" for observatories that use optical detectors, especially fluorescence detectors, to measure high energy cosmic-rays. The light observed by the detector is proportional to the energy of the laser pulse. Since the absolute laser energy can be measured locally, a well-calibrated laser offers a practical way to test the photometric calibration of the cosmic-ray detector including atmospheric corrections. This poster will describe a robotic system for laser polarization and energy calibration. Laboratory measurements of laser energies and polarizations by energy probes from different manufactures will be presented

Wiencke, Lawrence; Compton, John; Monasor, Maria; Pilger, David; Rosado, Jaime

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Improvements in the Blackbody Calibration of Pyrgeometers (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Pyrgeometers are used to measure the atmospheric longwave irradiance throughout the ARM program sites. Previous calibrations of pyrgeometers using ARM/Eppley/NREL blackbody were consistent, but introduced a difference in the historical clear sky measured irradiance. This difference was believed to be in the order of 12 W/m2. In this poster we show the improvements to the blackbody and calibration methodology by comparing our results to the results of a group of pyrgeometers that were recently calibrated against the World Infrared Standard Group, in the World Radiation Center, Davos/Switzerland.

Reda, I.; Grobner, J.; Stoffel, T.; Myers, D.; Forgan, B.

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Improvements in the Blackbody Calibration of Pyrgeometers (Poster)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Pyrgeometers are used to measure the atmospheric longwave irradiance throughout the ARM program sites. Previous calibrations of pyrgeometers using ARM/Eppley/NREL blackbody were consistent, but introduced a difference in the historical clear sky measured irradiance. This difference was believed to be in the order of 12 W/m2. In this poster we show the improvements to the blackbody and calibration methodology by comparing our results to the results of a group of pyrgeometers that were recently calibrated against the World Infrared Standard Group, in the World Radiation Center, Davos/Switzerland.

Reda, I.; Grobner, J.; Stoffel, T.; Myers, D.; Forgan, B.

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Using a Constant Volume Displacement Ventilation System to Create a Micro Climate in a Large Airport Terminal in Bangkok  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to conserve energy and create a comfortable climate for both passengers and workers at a new large international airport in Thailand, a design concept was created where only the first 2m above the occupied zone is conditioned. The temperature of the air outside of this area is allowed to rise above normal conditions. The idea was to let this temperature rise so that it was either equal to or higher than the outdoor temperature, thus reducing heat gain. Computer simulation programs were used to define parameters for the CF'D program. Once the boundary conditions were defined, the process of design analysis began. This paper will outline the steps taken to set up the CF'D program. Secondly, the exploration taken to obtain an optimal climate, and thirdly, how the many results were used to explain to both fellow engineers and the architects what had been achieved. The conclusion of this analysis was the design of special supply air grilles to meet the design criteria.

Simmonds, P.; Gaw, W.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

HPGe Detector Efficiency Calibration Using HEU Standards  

SciTech Connect

The Analytical Development Section of SRTC was requested by the Facilities Disposition Division (FDD) to determine the holdup of enriched uranium in the 321-M facility as part of an overall deactivation project of the facility. The 321-M facility was used to fabricate enriched uranium fuel assemblies, lithium-aluminum target tubes, neptunium assemblies, and miscellaneous components for the production reactors. The facility also includes the 324-M storage building and the passageway connecting it to 321-M. The results of the holdup assays are essential for determining compliance with the Solid Waste's Waste Acceptance Criteria, Material Control and Accountability, and to meet criticality safety controls. Two measurement systems will be used to determine highly enriched uranium (HEU) holdup: One is a portable HPGe detector and EG and G Dart system that contains high voltage power supply and signal processing electronics. A personal computer with Gamma-Vision software was used to provide an MCA card, and space to store and manipulate multiple 4096-channel g-ray spectra. The other is a 2 inches x 2 inches NaI crystal with an MCA that uses a portable computer with a Canberra NaI plus card installed. This card converts the PC to a full function MCA and contains the ancillary electronics, high voltage power supply and amplifier, required for data acquisition. This report describes and documents the HPGe point, line, area, and constant geometry-constant transmission detector efficiency calibrations acquired and calculated for use in conducting holdup measurements as part of the overall deactivation project of building 321-M.

Salaymeh, S.R.

2000-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Surveillance Guides - QAS 2.4 Instrument Calibration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

INSTRUMENT CALIBRATION INSTRUMENT CALIBRATION 1.0 Objective The objective of this surveillance is to evaluate the implementation of the contractor's program to routinely calibrate instruments, alarms, and sensors. The Facility Representative observes calibration testing of instruments and channels and reviews supporting documentation to verify compliance with applicable Department of Energy requirements and implementation of best industry practices. 2.0 References 2.1 DOE 5700.6C, Quality Assurance 2.2 DOE 4330.4B, Maintenance Management Program 3.0 Requirements Implemented This surveillance is conducted to implement requirement QA-0009 from the RL S/RID. This requirement is extracted from DOE 5700.6C. 4.0 Surveillance Activities

342

Method and apparatus for calibrating a linear variable differential transformer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A calibration apparatus for calibrating a linear variable differential transformer (LVDT) having an armature positioned in au LVDT armature orifice, and the armature able to move along an axis of movement. The calibration apparatus includes a heating mechanism with an internal chamber, a temperature measuring mechanism for measuring the temperature of the LVDT, a fixture mechanism with an internal chamber for at least partially accepting the LVDT and for securing the LVDT within the heating mechanism internal chamber, a moving mechanism for moving the armature, a position measurement mechanism for measuring the position of the armature, and an output voltage measurement mechanism. A method for calibrating an LVDT, including the steps of: powering the LVDT; heating the LVDT to a desired temperature; measuring the position of the armature with respect to the armature orifice; and measuring the output voltage of the LVDT.

Pokrywka, Robert J. (North Huntingdon, PA)

2005-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

343

Beam Geometry Calibration of Sodars without Use of a Mast  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method for calibration of sodar wind speed measurements is described. The method makes no assumptions whatsoever about the sodar operation and its hardware and software, other than the assumption that only one beam is transmitted at a time. ...

Stuart Bradley; Sabine von Hünerbein

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Appendix D: Facility Process Data and Appendix E: Equipment Calibration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

D: Facility Process Data and Appendix E: Equipment D: Facility Process Data and Appendix E: Equipment Calibration Data Sheets Appendix D: Facility Process Data and Appendix E: Equipment Calibration Data Sheets Docket No. EO-05-01: Appendix D: Facility Process Data and Appendix E: Equipment Calibration Data Sheets from Final Report: Particulate Emissions Testing, Unit 1, Potomac River Generating Station, Alexandria, Virginia Appendix D: Facility Process Data and Appendix E: Equipment Calibration Data Sheets More Documents & Publications Comments on Department of Energy's Emergency Order To Resume Limited Operation at Mirant's Potomac River Generating Station and Proposed Mirant Compliance Plan Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department of

345

Calibrating Differential Reflectivity on the WSR-88D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A calibration procedure of differential reflectivity on the Weather Surveillance Radar-1988 Doppler (WSR-88D) is described. It has been tested on NOAA's modified WSR-88D research and development polarimetric radar and is directly applicable to ...

Dusan S. Zrnic; Valery M. Melnikov; John K. Carter

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Field calibration and validation of remote-sensing surveys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Optical Collection Suite OCS is a ground-truth sampling system designed to perform in situ measurements that help calibrate and validate optical remote-sensing and swath-sonar surveys for mapping and monitoring coastal ...

Shachak Pe'eri, Andy McLeod, Paul Lavoie, Seth Ackerman, James Gardner, Christopher Parrish

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Automatic calibration of modulated fractional-N frequency synthesizers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The focus of this research has been the development of a low power, radio frequency transmitter architecture. Specifically, a technique for in service automatic calibration of a modulated phase locked loop (PLL) frequency ...

McMahill, Dan

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Gas characterization system operation, maintenance, and calibration plan  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document details the responsibilities and requirements for operation, maintenance, and calibration of the Gas Characterization Systems (GCS) analytical instrumentation. It further, defines the division of responsibility between the Characterization Monitoring Development organization and Tank Farms Operations.

Tate, D.D.

1996-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

349

Meteosat and GOES-East Imager Visible Channel Calibration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a preliminary step to solar irradiance calculations, the Centre de Météorologie Spatiale (CMS) has developed a pragmatic approach to calibrate the visible channels of Meteosat and GOES-East imagers. The responsivity of the Meteosat visible ...

Pierre Le Borgne; Gérard Legendre; Anne Marsouin

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Preflight and In-Flight Calibration Plan for ASTER  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Preflight and in-flight radiometric calibration plans are described for the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) that is a multispectral optical imager of high spatial resolution. It is designed for the remote ...

A. Ono; F. Sakuma; K. Arai; Y. Yamaguchi; H. Fujisada; P. N. Slater; K. J. Thome; F. D. Palluconi; H. H. Kieffer

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

CloudSat as a Global Radar Calibrator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The calibration of the CloudSat spaceborne cloud radar has been thoroughly assessed using very accurate internal link budgets before launch, comparisons with predicted ocean surface backscatter at 94 GHz, direct comparisons with airborne cloud ...

A. Protat; D. Bouniol; E. J. O’Connor; H. Klein Baltink; J. Verlinde; K. Widener

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

How Essential is Hydrologic Model Calibration to Seasonal Streamflow Forecasting?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrologic model calibration is usually a central element of streamflow forecasting based on the ensemble streamflow prediction (ESP) method. Evaluation measures of forecast errors such as root-mean-square error (RMSE) are heavily influenced by ...

Xiaogang Shi; Andrew W. Wood; Dennis P. Lettenmaier

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Turbulence Sensor Dynamic Calibration Using Real-Time Spectral Computations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The integration of plug-in Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) boards in data acquisition computers allows a considerable development in the dynamic calibration of turbulence sensors. The spectral transfer function of a fast and sensitive turbulence ...

P. G. Mestayer; S. E. Larsen; C. W. Fairall; J. B. Edson

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

A Multistep Automatic Calibration Scheme for River Forecasting Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Operational flood forecasting models vary in complexity, but nearly all have parameters for which values must be estimated. The traditional and widespread manual calibration approach requires considerable training and experience and is typically ...

Terri S. Hogue; Soroosh Sorooshian; Hoshin Gupta; Andrea Holz; Dean Braatz

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Using Green's Functions to Calibrate an Ocean General Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Green's functions provide a simple yet effective method to test and to calibrate general circulation model (GCM) parameterizations, to study and to quantify model and data errors, to correct model biases and trends, and to blend estimates from ...

Dimitris Menemenlis; Ichiro Fukumori; Tong Lee

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Duality of Positive Currents and Plurisubharmonic Functions in Calibrated Geometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently the authors showed that there is a robust potential theory attached to any calibrated manifold (X,\\phi). In particular, on X there exist \\phi-plurisubharmonic functions, \\phi-convex domains, \\phi-convex boundaries, etc., all inter-related and having a number of good properties. In this paper we show that, in a strong sense, the plurisubharmonic functions are the polar duals of the \\phi-submanifolds, or more generally, the \\phi-currents studied in the original paper on calibrations. In particular, we establish an analogue of Duval-Sibony Duality which characterizes points in the \\phi-convex hull of a compact set K in X in terms of \\phi-positive Green's currents on X and Jensen measures on K. We also characterize boundaries of \\phi-currents entirely in terms of \\phi-plurisubharmonic functions. Specific calibrations are used as examples throughout. Analogues of the Hodge Conjecture in calibrated geometry are considered.

Harvey, F Reese

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

The Global Space-Based Inter-Calibration System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Global Space-based Inter-Calibration System (GSICS) is a new international program to assure the comparability of satellite measurements taken at different times and locations by different instruments operated by different satellite agencies. ...

M. Goldberg; G. Ohring; J. Butler; C. Cao; R. Datla; D. Doelling; V. Gärtner; T. Hewison; B. Iacovazzi; D. Kim; T. Kurino; J. Lafeuille; P. Minnis; D. Renaut; J. Schmetz; D. Tobin; L. Wang; F. Weng; X. Wu; F. Yu; P. Zhang; T. Zhu

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Use of Ground Clutter to Monitor Polarimetric Radar Calibration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is suggested that urban ground clutter can have a role in monitoring calibration of reflectivity factor ZH and differential reflectivity ZDR on polarimetric radars. The median and average values of these variables are considered. Analysis of ...

L. Borowska; D. Zrnic

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Method and Appartus for Calibrating a Linear Variable Differential Transformer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A calibration apparatus for calibrating a linear variable differential transformer (LVDT) having an armature positioned in au LVDT armature orifice, and the armature able to move along an axis of movement. The calibration apparatus includes a heating mechanism with an internal chamber, a temperature measuring mechanism for measuring the temperature of the LVDT, a fixture mechanism with an internal chamber for at least partially accepting the LVDT and for securing the LVDT within the heating mechanism internal chamber, a moving mechanism for moving the armature, a position measurement mechanism for measuring the position of the armature, and an output voltage measurement mechanism. A method for calibrating an LVDT, including the steps of powering the LVDT; heating the LVDT to a desired temperature; measuring the position of the armature with respect to the armature orifice; and measuring the output voltage of the LVDT.

Pokrywka, Robert J.

2005-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

360

Comparison of Plotting Methods for Solar Radiometer Calibration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An alternative formulation of the Langley plot relating observed solar irradiance, extraterrestrial solar irradiance, and air mass has been suggested to potentially improve radiometer calibration accuracy. In this study, results from the ...

S. M. Adler-Golden; J. R. Slusser

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Lattice Calibration with Turn-By-Turn BPM Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Turn-by-turn beam position monitor (BPM) data from multiple BPMs are fitted with a tracking code to calibrate magnet strengths in a manner similar to the well known LOCO code. Simulation shows that this turn-by-turn method can be a quick and efficient way for optics calibration. The method is applicable to both linacs and ring accelerators. Experimental results for a section of the SPEAR3 ring is also shown.

Huang, Xiaobiao; /SLAC; Sebek, James; /SLAC

2012-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

362

Piezoelectric Shaker Development for High Frequency Calibration of Accelerometers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Calibration of vibration transducers requires sinusoidal motion over a wide frequency range with low distortion and low cross-axial motion. Piezoelectric shakers are well suited to generate such motion and are suitable for use with laser interferometric methods at frequencies of 3 kHz and above. An advantage of piezoelectric shakers is the higher achievable accelerations and displacement amplitudes as compared to electro-dynamic (ED) shakers. Typical commercial ED calibration shakers produce maximum accelerations from 100 m/s{sup 2} to 500 m/s{sup 2}. Very large ED shakers may produce somewhat higher accelerations but require large amplifiers and expensive cooling systems to dissipate heat. Due to the limitations in maximum accelerations by ED shakers at frequencies above 5 kHz, the amplitudes of the generated sinusoidal displacement are frequently below the resolution of laser interferometers used in primary calibration methods. This limits the usefulness of ED shakers in interferometric based calibrations at higher frequencies.Small piezoelectric shakers provide much higher acceleration and displacement amplitudes for frequencies above 5 kHz, making these shakers very useful for accelerometer calibrations employing laser interferometric measurements, as will be shown in this paper. These piezoelectric shakers have been developed and used at NIST for many years for high frequency calibration of accelerometers. This paper documents the construction and performance of a new version of these shakers developed at NIST for the calibration of accelerometers over the range of 3 kHz to 30 kHz and possibly higher. Examples of typical calibration results are also given.

Payne, Bev; Harper, Kari K.; Vogl, Gregory W. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), 100 Bureau Drive, Stop 8220, Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8220 (United States)

2010-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

363

Field Calibration Facilities for Environmental Measurement of Radium, Thorium, and Potassium (June 1994)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Field Calibration Facilities for Environmental Measurement of Radium, Thorium, and Potassium (June 1994)

364

Bayesian Wavelet Regression on Curves with Application to a Spectroscopic Calibration Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The spectroscopic calibration problem was provided by the Flour Milling and Baking Re- search Association

Brown, Philip

365

POST CLOSURE INSPECTION REPORT FOR CORRECTIVE ACTION UNIT 92: AREA 6 DECON PAD FACILITY, NEVADA TEST SITE NEVADA, FOR THE PERIOD JANUARY 2004 - DECEMBER 2004  

SciTech Connect

This Post-Closure Inspection Report provides an analysis and summary of inspections for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 92, Area 6 Decon Pond Facility, Nevada Test Site, Nevada. CAU 92 was closed in accordance with the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Part B Operational Permit (Nevada Division of Environmental Protection, 1995) and the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order of 1996 on May 11, 1999. CAU 92 consists of two Corrective Action Sites (CASs): CAS 06-04-01, Decon Pad oil/Water Separator; and CAS 06-05-02, Decontamination Pond (RCRA). Both CASs have use restrictions; however, only CAS 06-05-02, Decontamination Pond (RCRA), requires post-closure inspections. CAS 06-04-01, Decon Pad Oil/Water Separator, is located inside the fence at the Building 6-605 compound. This report covers the annual period January 2004 through December 2004.

BECHTEL NEVADA

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Corrective Action Decision Document for Corrective Action Unit 224: Decon Pad and Septic Systems Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Rev. No.: 0  

SciTech Connect

This Corrective Action Decision Document has been prepared for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 224, Decon Pad and Septic Systems, in Areas 2, 3, 5, 6, 11, and 23 of the Nevada Test Site, Nevada, in accordance with the ''Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order'' (1996). Corrective Action Unit 224 is comprised of the following corrective action sites (CASs): (1) 02-04-01, Septic Tank (Buried); (2) 03-05-01, Leachfield; (3) 05-04-01, Septic Tanks (4)/Discharge Area; (4) 06-03-01, Sewage Lagoons (3); (5) 06-05-01, Leachfield; (6) 06-17-04, Decon Pad and Wastewater Catch; (7) 06-23-01, Decon Pad Discharge Piping; (8) 11-04-01, Sewage Lagoon; and (9) 23-05-02, Leachfield. The purpose of this Corrective Action Decision Document is to identify and provide the rationale for the recommendation of a corrective action alternative for the nine CASs within CAU 224. Corrective action investigation activities were performed from August 10, 2004, through January 18, 2005, as set forth in the CAU 224 Corrective Action Investigation Plan.

David A. Strand

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Engineering evaluation/cost analysis for the proposed removal of contaminated materials from Pad 1 at the Elza Gate site, Oak Ridge, Tennessee  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This engineering evaluation/cost analysis (EE/CA) has been prepared in support of the proposed removal action for cleanup of radioactively contaminated concrete and soil beneath a building on privately owned commercial property in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The property, known as the Elza Gate site, became contaminated with uranium-238, radium-226, thorium-232, thorium-230, and decay products as a result of the Manhattan Engineer District storing uranium ore and ore processing residues at the site in the early 1940s. The US Department of Energy (DOE) has responsibility for cleanup of the property under its Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). The DOE plans to remove the cracked and worn concrete pad and contaminated subsoil beneath the pad, after which the property owner/tenant will provide clean backfill and new concrete. Portions of the pad and subsoil are contaminated and, if stored or disposed of improperly, may represent a potential threat to public health or welfare and the environment. The EE/CA report is the appropriate documentation for the proposed removal action, as identified in guidance from the US Environmental Protection Agency. the objective of the EE/CA report, in addition to identifying the planned removal action, is to document the selection of response activities that will mitigate the potential for release of contaminants from the property into the environment and minimize the related threats to public health or welfare and the environment. 7 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

Not Available

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Engineering evaluation/cost analysis for the proposed removal of contaminated materials from pad 1 at the Elza Gate site, Oak Ridge, Tennessee  

SciTech Connect

This engineering evaluation/cost analysis (EE/CA) has been prepared in support of the proposed removal action for cleanup of radioactively contaminated concrete and soil beneath a building on privately owned commercial property in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The property, known as the Elza Gate site, became contaminated with uranium-238, radium-226, thorium-232, thorium-230, and decay products as a result of the Manhattan Engineer District storing uranium ore and ore processing residues at the site in the early 1940s. The US Department of Energy (DOE) has responsibility for cleanup of the property under its Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). The DOE plans to remove the cracked and worn concrete pad and contaminated subsoil beneath the pad, after which the property owner/tenant will provide clean backfill and new concrete. Portions of the pad and subsoil are contaminated and, if stored or disposed of improperly, may represent a potential threat to public health or welfare and the environment. The EE/CA report is the appropriate documentation for the proposed removal action, as identified in guidance from the US Environmental Protection Agency. The objective of the EE/CA report, in addition to identifying the planned removal action, is to document the selection of response activities that will mitigate the potential for release of contaminants from the property into the environment and minimize the related threats to public health or welfare and the environment. 7 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

Not Available

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

System for characterizing semiconductor materials and photovoltaic devices through calibration  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for measuring characteristics of a piece of material, typically semiconductor materials including photovoltaic devices. The characteristics may include dislocation defect density, grain boundaries, reflectance, external LBIC, internal LBIC, and minority carrier diffusion length. The apparatus includes a light source, an integrating sphere, and a detector communicating with a computer. The measurement or calculation of the characteristics is calibrated to provide accurate, absolute values. The calibration is performed by substituting a standard sample for the piece of material, the sample having a known quantity of one or more of the relevant characteristics. The quantity measured by the system of the relevant characteristic is compared to the known quantity and a calibration constant is created thereby.

Sopori, Bhushan L. (Denver, CO); Allen, Larry C. (Arvada, CO); Marshall, Craig (Littleton, CO); Murphy, Robert C. (Golden, CO); Marshall, Todd (Littleton, CO)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Manual Calibration System for Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment has measured the last unknown neutrino mixing angle, {\\theta}13, to be non-zero at the 7.7{\\sigma} level. This is the most precise measurement to {\\theta}13 to date. To further enhance the understanding of the response of the antineutrino detectors (ADs), a detailed calibration of an AD with the Manual Calibration System (MCS) was undertaken during the summer 2012 shutdown. The MCS is capable of placing a radioactive source with a positional accuracy of 25 mm in R direction, 20 mm in Z axis and 0.5{\\deg} in {\\Phi} direction. A detailed description of the MCS is presented followed by a summary of its performance in the AD calibration run.

Hanxiong Huang; Xichao Ruan; Jie Ren; Chengjun Fan; Yannan Chen; Yinglong Lv; Zhaohui Wang; Zuying Zhou; Long Hou; Biao Xin; Chaoju Yu; Jiawen Zhang; Yinghong Zhang; Jingzhi Bai; Honglin Zhuang; Wei He; Jianglai Liu; Elizabeth Worcester; Harry Themann; Jeff Cherwinka; David M. Webber

2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

371

System for characterizing semiconductor materials and photovoltaic devices through calibration  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are disclosed for measuring characteristics of a piece of material, typically semiconductor materials including photovoltaic devices. The characteristics may include dislocation defect density, grain boundaries, reflectance, external LBIC, internal LBIC, and minority carrier diffusion length. The apparatus includes a light source, an integrating sphere, and a detector communicating with a computer. The measurement or calculation of the characteristics is calibrated to provide accurate, absolute values. The calibration is performed by substituting a standard sample for the piece of material, the sample having a known quantity of one or more of the relevant characteristics. The quantity measured by the system of the relevant characteristic is compared to the known quantity and a calibration constant is created thereby. 44 figs.

Sopori, B.L.; Allen, L.C.; Marshall, C.; Murphy, R.C.; Marshall, T.

1998-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

372

Calibration and Performance of the ATLAS Tile Calorimeter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Tile Calorimeter (TileCal) is the hadronic calorimeter covering the most central region of the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. It is a key detector for the measurement of hadrons, jets, tau leptons and missing transverse energy. The TileCal calibration system comprises radioactive source, laser and charge injection elements and it allows to monitor and equalize the calorimeter response at each stage of the signal production, from scintillation light to digitization. This contribution presents a brief description of the different TileCal calibration systems as well as the latest results on their performance in terms of calibration factors, linearity and stability. The performance of the Tile Calorimeter with the cosmic muons and collision data is also presented, including the absolute energy scale, time resolution and associated stabilities.

Bernardo Sotto-Maior Peralva

2013-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

373

Direct calibration of the yield of nuclear explosion  

SciTech Connect

The determination of the power of underground nuclear explosions (UNE) is of great significance. The seismic method of UNE yield determination allows monitoring at large distances, but is less precise than local monitoring methods. A way is proposed to calibrate UNE based on the idea of the vibroseis method in which powerful vibrators are used to produce seismic waves in the UNE epicenter; UNE calibration is carried out by comparison of the vibroseis record with a UNE seismogram. Results of preliminary work on the problem are presented. It is based on experience with vibrosounding of the Earth as well as earthquakes and chemical and nuclear explosions wave field structure studies. It is concluded that UNE calibration with the aid of seismic vibrators is both possible and expedient.

Nakanishi, K.; Nikolayev, A. [SYNAPSE Science Center/Moscow IRIS Data Analysis Center, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Usefulness of specific calibration coefficients for gamma-emitting sources measured by radionuclide calibrators in nuclear medicine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: In nuclear medicine, the activity of a radionuclide is measured with a radionuclide calibrator that often has a calibration coefficient independent of the container type and filling. Methods: To determine the effect of the container on the accuracy of measuring the activity injected into a patient, The authors simulated a commercial radionuclide calibrator and 18 container types most typically used in clinical practice. The instrument sensitivity was computed for various container thicknesses and filling levels. Monoenergetic photons and electrons as well as seven common radionuclides were considered. Results: The quality of the simulation with gamma-emitting sources was validated by an agreement with measurements better than 4% in five selected radionuclides. The results show that the measured activity can vary by more than a factor of 2 depending on the type of container. The filling level and the thickness of the container wall only have a marginal effect for radionuclides of high energy but could induce differences up to 4%. Conclusions: The authors conclude that radionuclide calibrators should be tailored to the uncertainty required by clinical applications. For most clinical cases, and at least for the low-energy gamma and x-ray emitters, measurements should be performed with calibration coefficients specific to the container type.

Bochud, Francois O.; Laedermann, Jean-Pascal; Baechler, Sebastien; Kosinski, Marek; Bailat, Claude J. [Institute of Radiation Physics, University Hospital and University of Lausanne, Rue du Grand-Pre 1, CH-1007 Lausanne (Switzerland)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

375

NREL: Buildings Research - Utility Bill Calibration Test Cases  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Utility Bill Calibration Test Cases Utility Bill Calibration Test Cases The diagram below illustrates the utility bill calibration test cases in BESTEST-EX. In these cases, participants are given input ranges and synthetic utility bills. Software tools calibrate key model inputs using the utility bills and then predict energy savings for the different retrofit cases. Participant energy savings predictions using calibrated models are compared to NREL predictions using state-of-the-art building energy simulation programs. For self-testing, participants should not view reference results until after tested software results have been generated. This diagram provides an overview of the BESTEST-EX utility bill calibration case process. On the left side of the diagram is a box labeled "BESTEST-EX Document" with a list that contains two bulleted items. The first bullet reads "Defines a representative existing home and several retrofit measures." The second bullet reads "Provides input ranges for key model inputs." Underneath this list is an image of a house and to the right of the house is a listing of the measures: R-wall=4.5-6.2; ELA=137-216 in2 ; Tsat=60-75°F, etc. Underneath this grouping is another bullet that reads "Presents utility bills that were generated by: A) randomly selecting key model inputs within ranges (values remain hidden); B) running test cases with selected inputs in EnergyPlus, DOE2.1E, and SUNREL." Below this bullet is a bar graph showing energy savings on the y axis and retrofit measure on the x axis. Inside the graph area is text reading "Reference results remains hidden for utility bill calibration cases." An arrow labeled "Results" points horizontally to the right to the results box. From the top half of this box are two arrows that are labeled "Input Ranges" and "Utility Bills" and points horizontally to the right to another smaller box that is labeled "Audit Software Provider." Underneath this heading are three bullets: one reads "Creates model of existing home knowing input ranges from test," the next one reads "Calibrates model inputs using utility bills," and the third one reads "Predicts retrofit energy savings. Underneath these bullets is an image of a house; to the right of this is a bar graph showing energy savings on the y axis and retrofit measure on the x axis. From this box an arrow labeled "Results" points directly below

376

Calibration of the ring model for the NSLS rings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mathematical model of an accelerator can be used to control its operation and also to simulate its behavior. Part of the model is the conversion between the computer controlled digital setpoints of the magnets and the actual field acting on the average particle in the magnet. We are using tune, dispersion and chromaticity measurements to calculate this conversion, thus calibrating the model rather than the magnets themselves. this is one way to include effects, not taken directly into account in the model. The model has to be calibrated at different beam momenta, and possibly at different beam intensities.

Bozoki, E.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Downstream hydraulic geometry relations: 2. Calibration and testing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using 456 data sets under bank-full conditions obtained from various sources, the geometric relations, derived in part 1 [ Singh et al., 2003 ], are calibrated and verified using the split sampling approach. The calibration of parameters shows that the change in stream power is not shared equally among hydraulic variables and that the unevenness depends on the boundary conditions to be satisfied by the channel under consideration. The agreement between the observed values of the hydraulic variables and those predicted by the derived relations is close for the verification data set and lends credence to the hypotheses employed in this study.

Singh, Vijay P.; Yang, Chih Ted; Deng, Zhi-Qiang

2003-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

378

Calibrating the DARHT Electron Spectrometer with Negative Ions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Negative ions of hydrogen and oxygen have been used to calibrate the DARHT electron spectrometer over the momentum range of 2 to 20 MeV/c. The calibration was performed on September 1, 3, and 8, 2004, and it is good to 0.5% absolute, provided that instrument alignment is carefully controlled. The momentum in MeV/c as a function of magnetic field (B in Gauss) and position in the detector plane (X in mm) is: P = (B-6.28)/(108.404-0.1935*X)

R. Trainham (STL), A. P. Tipton (LAO), and R. R. Bartech (LANL)

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Characterisation of pulsed Carbon fiber illuminators for FIR instrument calibration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We manufactured pulsed illuminators emitting in the far infrared for the Planck-HFI bolometric instrument ground calibrations. Specific measurements have been conducted on these light sources, based on Carbon fibers, to understand and predict their properties. We present a modelisation of the temperature dependence of the thermal conductivity and the calorific capacitance of the fibers. A comparison between simulations and bolometer data is given, that shows the coherence of our model. Their small time constants, their stability and their emission spectrum pointing in the submm range make these illuminators a very usefull tool for calibrating FIR instruments.

Henrot-Versillé, S; Couchot, F

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Characterisation of pulsed Carbon fiber illuminators for FIR instrument calibration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We manufactured pulsed illuminators emitting in the far infrared for the Planck-HFI bolometric instrument ground calibrations. Specific measurements have been conducted on these light sources, based on Carbon fibers, to understand and predict their properties. We present a modelisation of the temperature dependence of the thermal conductivity and the calorific capacitance of the fibers. A comparison between simulations and bolometer data is given, that shows the coherence of our model. Their small time constants, their stability and their emission spectrum pointing in the submm range make these illuminators a very usefull tool for calibrating FIR instruments.

S. Henrot-Versille; R. Cizeron; F. Couchot

2007-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Developing health-based pre-planning clearance goals for airport remediation following chemical terrorist attack: Introduction and key assessment considerations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the event of a chemical terrorist attack on a transportation hub, post-event remediation and restoration activities necessary to attain unrestricted facility re-use and re-entry could require hours to multiple days. While restoration timeframes are dependent on numerous variables, a primary controlling factor is the level of pre-planning and decision-making completed prior to chemical terrorist release. What follows is the first of a two-part analysis identifying key considerations, critical information, and decision criteria to facilitate post-attack and post-decontamination consequence management activities. A conceptual site model and human health-based exposure guidelines are developed and reported as an aid to site-specific pre-planning in the current absence of U.S. state or Federal values designated as compound-specific remediation or re-entry concentrations, and to safely expedite facility recovery to full operational status. Chemicals of concern include chemical warfare nerve and vesicant agents and the toxic industrial compounds phosgene, hydrogen cyanide, and cyanogen chloride. This work has been performed as a national case study conducted in partnership with the Los Angeles International Airport and The Bradley International Terminal. All recommended guidelines have been selected for consistency with airport scenario release parameters of a one-time, short-duration, finite airborne release from a single source followed by compound-specific decontamination.

Watson, Annetta Paule [ORNL; Raber, Ellen [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Dolislager, Frederick [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Hauschild, Veronique [U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine; Hall, Dr. Linda [ENVIRON International Corporation; Love, Dr. Adam [Johnson Wright, Inc.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Developing health-based pre-planning clearance goals for airport remediation following a chemical terrorist attack: Decision criteria for multipathway exposure routes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the event of a chemical terrorist attack on a transportation hub, post-event remediation and restoration activities necessary to attain unrestricted facility re-use and re-entry could require hours to multiple days. While timeframes are dependent on numerous variables, a primary controlling factor is the level of pre-planning and decision-making completed prior to chemical release. What follows is the second of a two-part analysis identifying key considerations, critical information and decision criteria to facilitate post-attack and post-decontamination consequence management activities. Decision criteria analysis presented here provides first-time, open-literature documentation of multi-pathway, health-based remediation exposure guidelines for selected toxic industrial compounds, chemical warfare agents, and agent degradation products for pre-planning application in anticipation of a chemical terrorist attack. Guideline values are provided for inhalation and direct ocular vapor exposure routes as well as percutaneous vapor, surface contact, and ingestion. Target populations include various employees as well as transit passengers. This work has been performed as a national case study conducted in partnership with the Los Angeles International Airport and The Bradley International Terminal. All recommended guidelines have been selected for consistency with airport scenario release parameters of a one-time, short-duration, finite airborne release from a single source followed by compound-specific decontamination.

Watson, Annetta Paule [ORNL; Dolislager, Frederick [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Hall, Dr. Linda [ENVIRON International Corporation; Hauschild, Veronique [U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine; Raber, Ellen [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Love, Dr. Adam [Johnson Wright, Inc.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Fresnel/photovoltaic concentrator application experiment for the Dallas-Fort Worth airport. Phase 1: system design, final technical report, 1 June 1978-28 February 1979  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This Phase I Final Report summarizes the analytical, experimental, design, and specification efforts for the first nine months of the Dallas/Fort Worth Airport Fresnel/Photovoltaic Concentrator Application Experiment. The overall objective of the complete three-phase program is to develop and demonstrate a unique photovoltaic concentrator total energy system which, when mass-produced, will provide electrical and thermal energy at costs competitive with conventional energy sources. Toward this objective, the Phase I - System Design contract has been completed, resulting in a final system design, analytical definition of system performance and economics, and a successfully tested prototype collector which fully verified performance predictions. The proposed system will utilize 245 m/sup 2/ of E-Systems linear Fresnel photovoltaic collectors to provide 25 kW/sub e/ (AC) of power and 140 kW/sub t/ of heat to the Central Utility Facility of Dallas/Fort Worth Airport. The electric power will be used to meet a continuous lighting load, while the thermal energy will be used to preheat boiler feedwater. Peak system efficiencies will be 10.2% electric (insolation to net AC output) and 56% thermal (insolation to net heat delivered). Annual efficiencies will be 8.4% electric and 49% thermal. Production system economics are attractive in the near term: 7 cents/kWh electricity and $7/MMBtu heat (1975 $) could be achieved by 1981 with limited production. With higher production, these costs could be halved by 1990.

O'Neill, M.J.

1979-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Calibration of the distance scale from galactic Cepheids: I Calibration based on the GFG sample  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New estimates of the distances of 36 nearby galaxies are presented based on accurate distances of galactic Cepheids obtained by Gieren, Fouque and Gomez (1998) from the geometrical Barnes-Evans method. The concept of 'sosie' is applied to extend the distance determination to extragalactic Cepheids without assuming the linearity of the PL relation. Doing so, the distance moduli are obtained in a straightforward way. The correction for extinction is made using two photometric bands (V and I) according to the principles introduced by Freedman and Madore (1990). Finally, the statistical bias due to the incompleteness of the sample is corrected according to the precepts introduced by Teerikorpi (1987) without introducing any free parameters (except the distance modulus itself in an iterative scheme). The final distance moduli depend on the adopted extinction ratio {R_V}/{R_I} and on the limiting apparent magnitude of the sample. A comparison with the distance moduli recently published by the Hubble Space Telescope Key Project (HSTKP) team reveals a fair agreement when the same ratio {R_V}/{R_I} is used but shows a small discrepancy at large distance. In order to bypass the uncertainty due to the metallicity effect it is suggested to consider only galaxies having nearly the same metallicity as the calibrating Cepheids (i.e. Solar metallicity). The internal uncertainty of the distances is about 0.1 magnitude but the total uncertainty may reach 0.3 magnitude.

G. Paturel; G. Theureau; P. Fouque; J. N. Terry; I. Musella; T. Ekholm

2002-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

385

Setup and Calibration of SLAC's Peripheral Monitoring Stations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goals of this project were to troubleshoot, repair, calibrate, and establish documentation regarding SLAC's (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center's) PMS (Peripheral Monitoring Station) system. The PMS system consists of seven PMSs that continuously monitor skyshine (neutron and photon) radiation levels in SLAC's environment. Each PMS consists of a boron trifluoride (BF{sub 3}) neutron detector (model RS-P1-0802-104 or NW-G-20-12) and a Geiger Moeller (GM) gamma ray detector (model TGM N107 or LND 719) together with their respective electronics. Electronics for each detector are housed in Nuclear Instrument Modules (NIMs) and are plugged into a NIM bin in the station. All communication lines from the stations to the Main Control Center (MCC) were tested prior to troubleshooting. To test communication with MCC, a pulse generator (Systron Donner model 100C) was connected to each channel in the PMS and data at MCC was checked for consistency. If MCC displayed no data, the communication cables to MCC or the CAMAC (Computer Automated Measurement and Control) crates were in need of repair. If MCC did display data, then it was known that the communication lines were intact. All electronics from each station were brought into the lab for troubleshooting. Troubleshooting usually consisted of connecting an oscilloscope or scaler (Ortec model 871 or 775) at different points in the circuit of each detector to record simulated pulses produced by a pulse generator; the input and output pulses were compared to establish the location of any problems in the circuit. Once any problems were isolated, repairs were done accordingly. The detectors and electronics were then calibrated in the field using radioactive sources. Calibration is a process that determines the response of the detector. Detector response is defined as the ratio of the number of counts per minute interpreted by the detector to the amount of dose equivalent rate (in mrem per hour, either calculated or measured). Detector response for both detectors is dependent upon the energy of the incident radiation; this trend had to be accounted for in the calibration of the BF{sub 3} detector. Energy dependence did not have to be taken into consideration when calibrating the GM detectors since GM detector response is only dependent on radiation energy below 100 keV; SLAC only produces a spectrum of gamma radiation above 100 keV. For the GM detector, calibration consisted of bringing a {sup 137}Cs source and a NIST-calibrated RADCAL Radiation Monitor Controller (model 9010) out to the field; the absolute dose rate was determined by the RADCAL device while simultaneously irradiating the GM detector to obtain a scaler reading corresponding to counts per minute. Detector response was then calculated. Calibration of the BF{sub 3} detector was done using NIST certified neutron sources of known emission rates and energies. Five neutron sources ({sup 238}PuBe, {sup 238}PuB, {sup 238}PuF4, {sup 238}PuLi and {sup 252}Cf) with different energies were used to account for the energy dependence of the response. The actual neutron dose rate was calculated by date-correcting NIST source data and considering the direct dose rate and scattered dose rate. Once the total dose rate (sum of the direct and scattered dose rates) was known, the response vs. energy curve was plotted. The first station calibrated (PMS6) was calibrated with these five neutron sources; all subsequent stations were calibrated with one neutron source and the energy dependence was assumed to be the same.

Cooper, C.

2004-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

386

Ultra Bright LED Light Injection Calibration System for MINOS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe here a proposal for a light injection calibration system for the MINOS detectors based on ultra bright blue LEDs as the light source. We have shown that these LEDs are bright enough to span over two orders of magnitude in light intensity, commensurate with that expected in a single scintillator strip in the MINOS neutrino detectors.

Anderson, B; Dervan, P J; Lauber, J A; Thomas, J

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

CMR Shuffler System: Passive Mode Calibration and Certification Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Los Alamos National Laboratory has a number of spherical confinement vessels (CVs) remaining from tests involving nuclear materials. These vessels have an inner diameter of 6 feet with 1 to 2 inch thick steel walls. The goal of the Confinement Vessel Disposition (CVD) project is to remove debris and reduce contamination inside the vessels. As debris is removed from the vessels, material will be placed in waste drums. Far-field gamma ray assay will be used to determine when a drum is nearing a {sup 239}Pu equivalent mass of less than 200 g. The drum will then be assayed using a waste drum shuffler operated in passive mode using a neutron coincidence counting method for accountability. This report focuses on the testing and calibration of the CMR waste drum shuffler in passive mode operation. Initial testing was performed to confirm previously accepted measurement parameters. The system was then calibrated using a set of weapons grade Pu (WGPu, {sup 239}Pu > 93%) oxide standards placed inside a 55 gallon drum. The calibration data ranges from Pu mass of 0.5 g to 188.9 g. The CMR waste drum shuffler has been tested and calibrated in passive mode in preparation for safeguards accountability measurements of waste drums containing material removed from CVs for the CVD project.

Frame, Katherine C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gomez, Cipriano D. [Retired CMR-OPS: OPERATIONS; Salazar, William R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mayo, Douglas R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Vigil, Georgiana M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Crooks, William J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Stange, Sy [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

388

Automated Temperature and Relative Humidity Calibrations for the Oklahoma Mesonetwork  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A low-cost (under $12,000), fully automated, relative humidity calibration chamber capable of testing up to six probes simultaneously over a range of humidifies from 5% to approximately 95% is designed, constructed, and tested for use by the ...

Scott J. Richardson

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Absolute Calibration of Analog Detectors by using Parametric Down Conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we report our systematic study of a promising absolute calibration technique of analog photo-detectors, based on the properties of parametric down conversion. Our formal results and a preliminary uncertainty analysis show that the proposed method can be effectively developed with interesting applications to metrology.

Giorgio Brida; Maria Chekhova; Marco Genovese; Alexander Penin; Maria Luisa Rastello; Ivano Ruo-Berchera

2007-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

390

The Calibration and Data Products of the Galaxy Evolution Explorer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the calibration status and data products pertaining to the GR2 and GR3 data releases of the Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX). These releases have identical pipeline calibrations that are significantly improved over the GR1 data release. GALEX continues to survey the sky in the Far Ultraviolet (FUV, ~154 nm) and Near Ultraviolet (NUV, ~232 nm) bands, providing simultaneous imaging with a pair of photon counting, microchannel plate, delay line readout detectors. These 1.25 degree field-of-view detectors are well-suited to ultraviolet observations because of their excellent red rejection and negligible background. A dithered mode of observing and photon list output pose complex requirements on the data processing pipeline, entangling detector calibrations and aspect reconstruction algorithms. Recent improvements have achieved photometric repeatability of 0.05 and 0.03 mAB in the FUV and NUV, respectively. We have detected a long term drift of order 1% FUV and 6% NUV over the mission. Astrometric precision is of order 0.5" RMS in both bands. In this paper we provide the GALEX user with a broad overview of the calibration issues likely to be confronted in the current release. Improvements are likely as the GALEX mission continues into an extended phase with a healthy instrument, no consumables, and increased opportunities for guest investigations.

Patrick Morrissey; Tim Conrow; Tom A. Barlow; Todd Small; Mark Seibert; Ted K. Wyder; Tamas Budavari; Stephane Arnouts; Peter G. Friedman; Karl Forster; D. Christopher Martin; Susan G. Neff; David Schiminovich; Luciana Bianchi; Jose Donas; Timothy M. Heckman; Young-Wook Lee; Barry F. Madore; Bruno Milliard; R. Michael Rich; Alex S. Szalay; Barry Y. Welsh; Sukyoung K. Yi

2007-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

391

Gearbox Reliability Collaborative High Speed Shaft Tapered Roller Bearing Calibration  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC) is a project investigating gearbox reliability primarily through testing and modeling. Previous dynamometer testing focused upon acquiring measurements in the planetary section of the test gearbox. Prior to these tests, the strain gages installed on the planetary bearings were calibrated in a load frame.

Keller, J.; Guo, Y.; McNiff, B.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Thermal reconstruction of a crime scene using calibrated simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study utilized energy simulation in support of a forensic pathology time of death analysis for a corpse discovered in a single family residence two years prior to the study. In order to produce an accurate estimate of the interior temperature profile ... Keywords: energy model accuracy, energy model calibration, free floating energy simulation, legal application of thermal simulation

Nathan Brown; M. Susan Ubbelohde; George Loisos; Santosh Philip; Ibone Santiago

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

The Calibration of ERS-1 Satellite Scatterometer Winds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the period mid-September to mid-December 1991, the RENE-91 campaign took place off the of Norway. Extensive in situ measurements of winds and waves were made from several platforms in order to calibrate thew parameters derived from radar ...

D. Offiler

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Ultra Bright LED Light Injection Calibration System for MINOS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe here a proposal for a light injection calibration system for the MINOS detectors based on ultra bright blue LEDs as the light source. We have shown that these LEDs are bright enough to span over two orders of magnitude in light intensity, commensurate with that expected in a single scintillator strip in the MINOS neutrino detectors.

B. Anderson; A. Anjomshoaa; P. Dervan; J. A. Lauber; J. Thomas

1998-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

395

Ultra Bright LED Light Injection Calibration System for MINOS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe here a proposal for a light injection calibration system for the MINOS detectors based on ultra bright blue LEDs as the light source. We have shown that these LEDs are bright enough to span over two orders of magnitude in light intensity, commensurate with that expected in a single scintillator strip in the MINOS neutrino detectors. 1

B. Anderson; A. Anjomshoaa; P. Dervan; J. A. Lauber; J. Thomas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Using Bayesian Model Averaging to Calibrate Forecast Ensembles 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Bayesian Model Averaging to Calibrate Forecast Ensembles 1 Adrian E. Raftery, Fadoua forecasting often exhibit a spread-skill relationship, but they tend to be underdispersive. This paper of PDFs centered around the individual (possibly bias-corrected) forecasts, where the weights are equal

Washington at Seattle, University of

397

Test of a Calibration Device for Airborne Lyman-? Hygrometers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A calibration device was designed to fit over the Lyman-? (LA) probes on the NCAR King Air aircraft to allow the introduction of pure nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon dioxide gases into the probe's radiation path. With these three gases, it was ...

Edwin W. Eloranta; Roland B. Stull; Elizabeth E. Ebert

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Comparing self-calibration methods for static cameras  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many methods have been developed in the last few years to self-calibrate cameras, but few works have addressed the comparison of such methods to provide the user with hints on the suitability of certain algorithms under particular circumstances. This ...

J. Isern González; J. Cabrera Gámez; J. D. Hernández Sosa; A. C. Domínguez Brito

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Studies of the Polarimetric Covariance Matrix. Part I: Calibration Methodology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A procedure for calibration of the radar covariance matrix for the Colorado State University–University of Chicago–Illinois State Water Survey (CSU–CHILL) radar and S-Band Dual-Polarization Doppler Radar (S-Pol) systems is described. Two relative ...

J. C. Hubbert; V. N. Bringi; D. Brunkow

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Calibrating Inverted Echo Sounders Equipped with Pressure Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The addition of an accurate pressure sensor to the inverted echo sounder (IES) has allowed for the development of a new method for calibrating the IES’s acoustic travel-time record without the need for coincident conductivity–temperature–depth (...

Christopher S. Meinen; D. Randolph Watts

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Confinement Vessel Assay System: Calibration and Certification Report  

SciTech Connect

Los Alamos National Laboratory has a number of spherical confinement vessels (CVs) remaining from tests involving nuclear materials. These vessels have an inner diameter of 6 feet with 1 to 2 inch thick steel walls. The goal of the Confinement Vessel Disposition (CVD) project is to remove debris and reduce contamination inside the vessels. The Confinement Vessel Assay System (CVAS) was developed to measure the amount of SNM in CVs before and after cleanout. Prior to cleanout, the system will be used to perform a verification measurement of each vessel. After cleanout, the system will be used to perform safeguards-quality assays of {le} 100-g {sup 239}Pu equivalent in a vessel for safeguards termination. The system was calibrated in three different mass regions (low, medium, and high) to cover the entire plutonium mass range that will be assayed. The low mass calibration and medium mass calibration were verified for material positioned in the center of an empty vessel. The systematic uncertainty due to position bias was estimated using an MCNPX model to simulate the response of the system to material localized at various points along the inner surface of the vessel. The background component due to cosmic ray spallation was determined by performing measurements of an empty vessel and comparing to measurements in the same location with no vessel present. The CVAS has been tested and calibrated in preparation for verification and safeguards measurements of CVs before and after cleanout.

Frame, Katherine C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bourne, Mark M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Crooks, William J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Evans, Louise [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gomez, Cipriano [Retired CMR-OPS: OPERATIONS; Mayo, Douglas R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Miko, David K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Salazar, William R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Stange, Sy [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Vigil, Georgiana M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

402

Calibrated Probabilistic Forecasting at the Stateline Wind Energy Center  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Calibrated Probabilistic Forecasting at the Stateline Wind Energy Center: The Regime at wind energy sites are becoming paramount. Regime-switching space-time (RST) models merge meteorological forecast regimes at the wind energy site and fits a conditional predictive model for each regime

Washington at Seattle, University of

403

Dynamic Response Calibration of the Nell Brown Conductivity Cell  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dynamic response calibrations and flow visualization studies have been made for the standard, 3 cm long conductivity cell produced by Neil Brown Instrument Systems. This probe is used on wire-lowered CTD's as well as on vehicles that move freely ...

Michael C. Gregg; John C. Schedvin; William C. Hess; Thomas B. Meagher

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Estimated uncertainty of calibrations of freestanding prismatic liquefied natural gas cargo tanks  

SciTech Connect

The accuracy of the tank calibrated by the photogrammetric technique was examined during the calibration of fifteen freestanding prismatic LNG transport tanks. This examination indicated that the calibration accuracy of the tanks calibrated in the storage position was better than plus or minus 0.1%. Additional factors influencing the accuracy of the calibration of the tanks, such as the effects of installing the tanks into the ship and loading the ships with LNG, were examined in the course of this work and the results are reported here. The various measurements used by various NBS personnel to analyze the calibration accuracy are detailed in the eight Appendices included in this report.

Siegwarth, J.D.; LaBrecque, J.F.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

PAD District III Stocks  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Notes: PADD 3 (the Gulf Coast) inventories, at the end of July, stood at 33.5 million barrels and are well above the normal range for this time of year. Since we have a few months more to go until the beginning of the heating season, there is still time for the plentiful stocks in the Gulf Coast to find their way up into the Midwest. Thus, even though propane stocks in the Midwest are low, this could easily not be the case by the beginning of the heating season. One slight area of concern, however, is that the Texas Eastern Pipeline (TET) is experiencing brine problems due to heavy rains and record stock builds. To help alleviate the problem, some chemical companies are shifting their propane out of TET to other storage facilities. At this time we don't feel that this will negatively affect the propane market this

406

Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 224: Decon Pad and Septic Systems Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Rev. No.: 0, with ROTC 1 and 2  

SciTech Connect

This Corrective Action Investigation Plan (CAIP) contains project-specific information including facility descriptions, environmental sample collection objectives, and criteria for conducting site investigation activities at Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 224: Decon Pad and Septic Systems, Nevada Test Site (NTS), Nevada. This CAIP has been developed in accordance with the ''Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order'' (FFACO) (1996) that was agreed to by the State of Nevada, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). The NTS is approximately 65 miles (mi) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada (Figure 1-1). Corrective Action Unit 224 is comprised of the nine Corrective Action Sites (CASs) listed below: 02-04-01, Septic Tank (Buried); 03-05-01, Leachfield; 05-04-01, Septic Tanks (4)/Discharge Area; 06-03-01, Sewage Lagoons (3); 06-05-01, Leachfield; 06-17-04, Decon Pad and Wastewater Catch; 06-23-01, Decon Pad Discharge Piping; 11-04-01, Sewage Lagoon; and 23-05-02, Leachfield. Corrective Action Sites 06-05-01, 06-23-01, and 23-05-02 were identified in the 1991 Reynolds Electrical & Engineering Co., Inc. (REECo) inventory (1991). The remaining sites were identified during review of various historical documents. Additional information will be obtained by conducting a corrective action investigation (CAI) prior to evaluating and selecting a corrective action alternative for each CAS. The CAI will include field inspections, radiological and geological surveys, and sample collection. Data will also be obtained to support investigation-derived waste (IDW) disposal and potential future waste management decisions.

David A. Strand

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Southern Study Area Airport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SSA-OJP Photos | SSA-YA Photos | SSA-YJP Photos | SSA-Ops Photos | ORNL DAAC Home || ORNL Home || NASA || Privacy, Security, Notices || Data Citation || Rate Us || Help | User...

408

General Matrix Inversion Technique for the Calibration of Electric Field Sensor Arrays on Aircraft Platforms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A matrix calibration procedure has been developed that uniquely relates the electric fields measured at the aircraft with the external vector electric field and net aircraft charge. The calibration method can be generalized to any reasonable ...

D. M. Mach; W. J. Koshak

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Calibration of a Pressure Sensor and a Radar Receiver Using Behavioral Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An equation used to describe the calibration of an instrument is either of an arbitrary nature or based upon physics. The latter, which we call behavioral modeling, often provides a much better fit to the calibration than traditional, statistical,...

Julian M. Pike; Ronald E. Rinehart

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Calibration of LaD Model in the Northeast United States Using Observed Annual Streamflow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Calibration of land surface models improves simulations of surface water and energy fluxes and provides important information for water resources management. However, most calibration studies focus on local sites and/or small catchments because ...

Y. Xia

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

LONG-TERM CALIBRATION STABILITY OF A RADIO ASTRONOMICAL PHASED ARRAY FEED  

SciTech Connect

There are many challenges associated with the implementation of a phased array feed for radio astronomy applications. Among these is the need to have an adequate set of calibration measurements so that reliable beamformers can be computed. Changes in the operating environment and temporal gain drift in the electronics contribute to calibration drift, which affects the beamformer performance. We will show that calibration measurements are relatively stable over a 5 day period and may remain so for up to 70 days or longer. We have incorporated the use of a calibration update system that has the potential to refresh a set of old calibrators, specifically correcting for electronic gain drift. However, the long-term variations that are present with fresh, current calibrators are greater than the degradation due to using an old calibration set, suggesting that, at this time, there is not a need for sophisticated calibration update systems or algorithms.

Elmer, Michael; Jeffs, Brian D.; Warnick, Karl F. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602 (United States)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Calibration Results for NOAA-11 AVHRR Channels 1 and 2 from Congruent Path Aircraft Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for using congruent atmospheric path aircraft-satellite observations to calibrate a satellite radiometer is presented. A calibrated spectroradiometer aboard a NASA ER-2 aircraft at an altitude of 19 km above White Sands, New Mexico, was ...

Peter Abel; B. Guenther; Reginald N. Galimore; John W. Cooper

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Microprocessor Field Impactometer Calibration: Do We Measure Drops’ Momentum or Their Kinetic Energy?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents the construction and calibration of a low-cost piezoelectric microprocessor impactometer designed for the field measurements of the rainfall kinetic energy (KE) flux. Its precise calibration was performed in laboratory ...

Pawe? Licznar; Janusz ?omotowski; S?awomir B?o?ski; Grzegorz J. Ciach

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) Intersensor Calibration Using a Simultaneous Conical Overpass Technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new intersensor calibration scheme is developed for the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) to correct its scan-angle-dependent bias, the radar calibration beacon interference on the F-15 satellite, ...

Song Yang; Fuzhong Weng; Banghua Yan; Ninghai Sun; Mitch Goldberg

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Removal of Contaminated Pixels from the Desert Target for AVHRR Vicarious Calibration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Desert-based vicarious calibration plays an important role in generating long-term reliable satellite radiances for the visible and near-infrared channels of the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR). Lacking an onboard calibration ...

Fangfang Yu; Xiangqian Wu

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Correcting Calibrated Infrared Sky Imagery for the Effect of an Infrared Window  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is demonstrated for deriving a correction for the effects of an infrared window when used to weatherproof a radiometrically calibrated thermal infrared imager. The technique relies on initial calibration of two identical imagers without ...

Paul W. Nugent; Joseph A. Shaw; Nathan J. Pust; Sabino Piazzolla

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Use of Rotating Pinholes and Reticles for Calibration of Cloud Droplet Instrumentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Calibration devices for the Forward Scattering Spectrometer Probe (FSSP) and the Optical Array Probe (OAP) were developed. The device used with the FSSP is a rotating pinhole calibrator. It utilizes light diffracted by a pinhole of a diameter to ...

Edward A. Hovenac; E. Dan Hirleman

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Calibrating a Land Surface Model of Varying Complexity Using Multicriteria Methods and the Cabauw Dataset  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The multicriteria methodology, which provides a means to estimate optimal ranges for land surface model parameter values via calibration, is evaluated. Following calibration, differences between schemes resulting from effective parameter values ...

Y. Xia; A. J. Pitman; H. V. Gupta; M. Leplastrier; A. Henderson-Sellers; L. A. Bastidas

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

An Improved Photometric Calibration of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Imaging Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an algorithm to photometrically calibrate wide field optical imaging surveys, that simultaneously solves for the calibration parameters and relative stellar fluxes using overlapping observations. The algorithm decouples the problem of "relative" calibrations, from that of "absolute" calibrations; the absolute calibration is reduced to determining a few numbers for the entire survey. We pay special attention to the spatial structure of the calibration errors, allowing one to isolate particular error modes in downstream analyses. Applying this to the Sloan Digital Sky Survey imaging data, we achieve ~1% relative calibration errors across 8500 sq.deg. in griz; the errors are ~2% for the u band. These errors are dominated by unmodelled atmospheric variations at Apache Point Observatory. These calibrations, dubbed "ubercalibration", are now public with SDSS Data Release 6, and will be a part of subsequent SDSS data releases.

N. Padmanabhan; D. J. Schlegel; D. P. Finkbeiner; J. C. Barentine; M. R. Blanton; H. J. Brewington; J. E. Gunn; M. Harvanek; D. W. Hogg; Z. Ivezic; D. Johnston; S. M. Kent; S. J. Kleinman; G. R. Knapp; J. Krzesinski; D. Long; E. H. Neilsen; A. Nitta; C. Loomis; R. H. Lupton; S. Roweis; S. A. Snedden; M. A. Strauss; D. L. Tucker

2007-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

420

An Example Crossover Experiment for Testing New Vicarious Calibration Techniques for Satellite Ocean Color Radiometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vicarious calibration of ocean color satellites involves the use of accurate surface measurements of water-leaving radiance to update and improve the system calibration of ocean color satellite sensors. An experiment was performed to compare a ...

Kenneth J. Voss; Scott McLean; Marlon Lewis; Carol Johnson; Stephanie Flora; Michael Feinholz; Mark Yarbrough; Charles Trees; Mike Twardowski; Dennis Clark

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Class 1 Permit Modification Notification Addition of Structures within Technical Area 54, Area G, Pad 11, Dome 375 Los Alamos National Laboratory Hazardous Waste Facility Permit, July 2012  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this letter is to notify the New Mexico Environment Department-Hazardous Waste Bureau (NMED-HWB) of a Class 1 Permit Modification to the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Hazardous Waste Facility Permit issued to the Department of Energy (DOE) and Los Alamos National Security, LLC (LANS) in November 2010. The modification adds structures to the container storage unit at Technical Area (TA) 54 Area G, Pad 11. Permit Section 3.1(3) requires that changes to the location of a structure that does not manage hazardous waste shall be changed within the Permit as a Class 1 modification without prior approval in accordance with Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40 (40 CFR), {section}270.42(a)(1). Structures have been added within Dome 375 located at TA-54, Area G, Pad 11 that will be used in support of waste management operations within Dome 375 and the modular panel containment structure located within Dome 375, but will not be used as waste management structures. The Class 1 Permit Modification revises Figure 36 in Attachment N, Figures; and Figure G.12-1 in Attachment G.12, Technical Area 54, Area G, Pad 11 Outdoor Container Storage Unit Closure Plan. Descriptions of the structures have also been added to Section A.4.2.9 in Attachment A, TA - Unit Descriptions; and Section 2.0 in Attachment G.12, Technical Area 54, Area G, Pad 11 Outdoor Container Storage Unit Closure Plan. Full description of the permit modification and the necessary changes are included in Enclosure 1. The modification has been prepared in accordance with 40 CFR {section}270.42(a)(l). This package includes this letter and an enclosure containing a description of the permit modification, text edits of the Permit sections, and the revised figures (collectively LA-UR-12-22808). Accordingly, a signed certification page is also enclosed. Three hard copies and one electronic copy of this submittal will be delivered to the NMED-HWB.

Vigil-Holterman, Luciana R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lechel, Robert A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

422

Annual Review of BPA-Funded Projects in Natural and Artificial Propagation of Salmonids, March 27-29, 1985, Holiday Inn Airport, Portland, Oregon.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Fish and Wildlife Division of Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) hosted a meeting for contractors to present the results of fiscal year 1984 research conducted to implement the Northwest Power Planning Council's Fish and Wildlife Program. The meeting focused on those projects specifically related to natural and artificial propagation of salmonids. The presentations were held at the Holiday Inn Airport in Portland, Oregon, on March 27-29, 1985. This document contains abstracts of the presentations from that meeting. Section 1 contains abstracts on artificial propagation, fish health, and downstream migration, and Section 2 contains abstracts on natural propagation and habitat improvement. The abstracts are indexed by BPA Project Number and by Fish and Wildlife Program Measure. The registered attendees at the meeting are listed alphabetically in Appendix A and by affiliation in Appendix B.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

SOIL TEST CALIBRATION WORK IN SOUTHERN USA Leticia S. Sonon and Hailin Zhang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOIL TEST CALIBRATION WORK IN SOUTHERN USA Leticia S. Sonon and Hailin Zhang Introduction Sound soil test calibration is essential for successful fertilization program and crop production. It is essential that the results of soil tests be calibrated against crop responses from applications of the plant

424

A liquid crystal tunable filter based shortwave infrared spectral imaging system: Calibration and characterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Calibration is a critical step for developing spectral imaging systems. This paper presents a systematic calibration and characterization approach for a liquid crystal tunable filter (LCTF) based shortwave infrared (SWIR) spectral imaging system. A series ... Keywords: Characterization, Inspection, LCTF, Shortwave infrared, Spectral imaging, System calibration

Weilin Wang; Changying Li; Ernest W. Tollner; Glen C. Rains; Ronald D. Gitaitis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

User boresight calibration precision for large-format head-up displays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The postural sway in 24 subjects performing a boresight calibration task on a large format head-up display is studied to estimate the impact of human limits on boresight calibration precision and ultimately on static registration errors. The dependent ... Keywords: augmented reality, boresight, calibration, line of sight, postural sway

Magnus Axholt; Stephen Peterson; Stephen R. Ellis

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

In situ calibration of inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission and mass spectroscopy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for in situ addition calibration of an inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometer or mass spectrometer using a precision gas metering valve to introduce a volatile calibration gas of an element of interest directly into an aerosol particle stream. The present situ calibration technique is suitable for various remote, on-site sampling systems such as laser ablation or nebulization.

Braymen, Steven D. (Ames, IA)

1996-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

427

Absolute calibration of Analog Detectors using Stimulated Parametric Down Conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spontaneous parametric down conversion has been largely exploited as a tool for absolute calibration of photon counting detectors, photomultiplier tubes or avalanche photodiodes working in Geiger regime. In this work we investigate the extension of this technique from very low photon flux of photon counting regime to the absolute calibration of analog photodetectors at higher photon flux. Moving toward higher photon rate, i.e. at high gain regime, with the spontaneous parametric down conversion shows intrinsic limitations of the method, while the stimulated parametric down conversion process, where a seed beam properly injected into the crystal in order to increase the photon generation rate in the conjugate arm, allows us to work around this problem. A preliminary uncertainty budget is discussed.

G. Brida; M. Chekhova; M. Genovese; M. L. Rastello; I. Ruo-Berchera

2008-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

428

Calibration of fluorescence resonance energy transfer in microscopy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Imaging hardware, software, calibrants, and methods are provided to visualize and quantitate the amount of Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) occurring between donor and acceptor molecules in epifluorescence microscopy. The MicroFRET system compensates for overlap among donor, acceptor, and FRET spectra using well characterized fluorescent beads as standards in conjunction with radiometrically calibrated image processing techniques. The MicroFRET system also provides precisely machined epifluorescence cubes to maintain proper image registration as the sample is illuminated at the donor and acceptor excitation wavelengths. Algorithms are described that pseudocolor the image to display pixels exhibiting radiometrically-corrected fluorescence emission from the donor (blue), the acceptor (green) and FRET (red). The method is demonstrated on samples exhibiting FRET between genetically engineered derivatives of the Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) bound to the surface of Ni chelating beads by histidine-tags.

Youvan, Douglas C. (San Jose, CA); Silva, Christopher M. (Sunnyvale, CA); Bylina, Edward J. (San Jose, CA); Coleman, William J. (Moutain View, CA); Dilworth, Michael R. (Santa Cruz, CA); Yang, Mary M. (San Jose, CA)

2002-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

429

A framework for the calibration of social simulation models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulation with agent-based models is increasingly used in the study of complex socio-technical systems and in social simulation in general. This paradigm offers a number of attractive features, namely the possibility of modeling emergent phenomena within large populations. As a consequence, often the quantity in need of calibration may be a distribution over the population whose relation with the parameters of the model is analytically intractable. Nevertheless, we can simulate. In this paper we present a simulation-based framework for the calibration of agent-based models with distributional output based on indirect inference. We illustrate our method step by step on a model of norm emergence in an online community of peer production, using data from three large Wikipedia communities. Model fit and diagnostics are discussed.

Ciampaglia, Giovanni Luca

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

The ALICE Silicon Pixel Detector Control and Calibration Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The work presented in this thesis was carried out in the Silicon Pixel Detector (SPD) group of the ALICE experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The SPD is the innermost part (two cylindrical layers of silicon pixel detec- tors) of the ALICE Inner Tracking System (ITS). During the last three years I have been strongly involved in the SPD hardware and software development, construction and commissioning. This thesis is focused on the design, development and commissioning of the SPD Control and Calibration Systems. I started this project from scratch. After a prototyping phase now a stable version of the control and calibration systems is operative. These systems allowed the detector sectors and half-barrels test, integration and commissioning as well as the SPD commissioning in the experiment. The integration of the systems with the ALICE Experiment Control System (ECS), DAQ and Trigger system has been accomplished and the SPD participated in the experimental December 2007 commissioning run. The complex...

Calì, Ivan Amos; Manzari, Vito; Stefanini, Giorgio

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

PV Cell and Module Calibration Activities at NREL  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The performance of PV cells and modules with respect to standard reference conditions is a key indicator of progress of a given technology. This task provides the U.S. terrestrial PV community with the most accurate measurements that are technically possible in a timely fashion. The international module certification and accreditation program PVGap requires certification laboratories to maintain their calibration traceability path to groups like this one. The politics of a "world record" efficiency requires that an independent laboratory perform these measurements for credibility. Most manufacturers base their module peak watt rating upon standards and reference cells calibrated under this task. This task has been involved in reconciling disputes between manufacturers and their cell suppliers in terms of expected versus actual performance. This task has also served as a resource to the PV community for consultation on solar simulation, current versus voltage measurement instrumentation, measurement procedures and measurement artifacts.

Emery, K.; Anderberg, A.; Kiehl, J.; Mack, C.; Moriarty, T.; Ottoson, L.; Rummel, S.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Advanced DOE-2 Calibration Procedures: A Technical Reference Manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This manual outlines the procedures to collect data, poll the datalogger, and process the data. The processed data is then used with a calibrated DOE-2 input file using statistical graphing routines for the U.S.D.O.E. Forrestal Child Development Center. Appendix A contains the data processing routines. Appendix B contains the final calibrated input file. Appendix C contains processing and column merging routines. Appendix D contains the SAS graphical routines. Appendix E contains a solar conversion routine that converts data collected at an 18 degree south facing tilt to global horizontal solar data. Appendix F contains information on the channel tables for the loggers located at the Forrestal building and the Forrestal Child Development Center.

Bou-Saada, T. E.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Calibration of the Spectrometer aboard the INTEGRAL satellite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SPI, the Spectrometer on board the ESA INTEGRAL satellite, to be launched in October 2002, will study the gamma-ray sky in the 20 keV to 8 MeV energy band with a spectral resolution of 2 keV for photons of 1 MeV, thanks to its 19 germanium detectors spanning an active area of 500 cm2. A coded mask imaging technique provides a 2 deg angular resolution. The 16 deg field of view is defined by an active BGO veto shield, furthermore used for background rejection. In April 2001 the flight model of SPI underwent a one-month calibration campaign at CEA in Bruy\\`eres le Ch\\^atel using low intensity radioactive sources and the CEA accelerator for homogeneity measurements and high intensity radioactive sources for imaging performance measurements. After integration of all scientific payloads (the spectrometer SPI, the imager IBIS and the monitors JEM-X and OMC) on the INTEGRAL satellite, a cross-calibration campaign has been performed at the ESA center in Noordwijk. A set of sources has been placed in the field of view of the different instruments in order to compare their performances and determine their mutual influence. Some of those sources had already been used in Bruy\\`eres during the SPI standalone test. For the lowest energy band calibration an X-ray generator has been used. We report on the scientific goals of this calibration activity, and present the measurements performed as well as some preliminary results.

Stéphane Schanne; B. Cordier; M. Gros; D. Attié; P. v. Ballmoos; L. Bouchet; R. Carli; P. Connell; R. Diehl; P. Jean; J. Kiener; A. v. Kienlin; J. Knödlseder; P. Laurent; G. Lichti; P. Mandrou; J. Paul; P. Paul; J. -P. Roques; F. Sanchez; V. Schönfelder; C. Shrader; G. Skinner; A. Strong; S. Sturner; V. Tatischeff; B. Teegarden; G. Vedrenne; G. Weidenspointner; C. Wunderer

2003-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

434

Turbine-meter air calibration proves accurate for gas service  

SciTech Connect

This article presents theory, laboratory verificati*on tests, and field evaluation test data that show that a well-engineered gas-turbine meter (single rotor or tandem rotors) calibrated in air has the same accuracy when operating in natural gas at the same line pressure and flow rate (or the same Reynolds number). The only exception occurs at very low flow rates during which the rotor slip due to mechanical friction is no loner negligible.

Lee, W.F.Z.

1988-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

435

Metering and Calibration in LoanSTAR Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

End-use metering in commercial buildings often requires installation of a large variety of transducers and data loggers. The metering installation group in the LoanSTAR monitoring program has the primary responsibility for the installation and maintenance of the metering hardware. This paper provides an overview of the responsibilities and first year experiences of the metering installation group of the LoanSTAR monitoring program. In addition, the calibration laboratory is also described.

O'Neal, D. L.; Bryant, J. A.; Turner, W. D.; Glass, M. G.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Calibration data for improved correction of uvw propeller anemometers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind turbine test programs sponsored by the US DOE in the late 1980s called for measurement of three-dimensional turbulent wind with an accuracy not previously required. The Pacific Northwest Laboratory identified the need for more complete, more highly resolved, and more accurate calibrations to provide the new level of measurement capability. The uvw propeller anemometer, became the object of a unique calibration effort at a large wind tunnel at Colorado State University. A uvw anemometer, will all three propellers active, was installed in the wind tunnel on a digitally stepped two-axis rotary platform placed just below the tunnel floor. The azimuth and elevation of the anemometer in a steady wind at each of a selected set of speeds was stepped through a complete test program using a digital computer as controller and a digital data acquisition system to sample and filter the data. Tests were run using polypropylene and carbon fiber propellers. In addition, the effects of attaching shaft extensions'' to the polypropylene propellers were measured. Calibrations for the polypropylene four-blade propeller provide an improved level of detail and repeatability. The uvw propeller anemometer is quite accurate at all wind angles and speeds to be experienced in wind energy studies, including winds blowing at right angles to the axis of rotation of a propeller. The new correction factors derived from these data eliminate previous difficulties in accuracy and speed of data reduction from voltages to wind speed components. Calibration data for a carbon-fiber thermoplastic propeller are presented with resolution similar to that for the polypropylene propellers. 8 refs., 15 figs., 1 tab.

Connell, J.R. (Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)); Morris, V.R. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States))

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

An accurate continuous calibration system for high voltage current transformer  

SciTech Connect

A continuous calibration system for high voltage current transformers is presented in this paper. The sensor of this system is based on a kind of electronic instrument current transformer, which is a clamp-shape air core coil. This system uses an optical fiber transmission system for its signal transmission and power supply. Finally the digital integrator and fourth-order convolution window algorithm as error calculation methods are realized by the virtual instrument with a personal computer. It is found that this system can calibrate a high voltage current transformer while energized, which means avoiding a long calibrating period in the power system and the loss of power metering expense. At the same time, it has a wide dynamic range and frequency band, and it can achieve a high accuracy measurement in a complex electromagnetic field environment. The experimental results and the on-site operation results presented in the last part of the paper, prove that it can reach the 0.05 accuracy class and is easy to operate on site.

Tong Yue; Li Binhong [College of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, Hubei Province (China)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

438

Calibration systems and methods for the ANTARES neutrino telescope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ANTARES neutrino telescope is currently being constructed in the Mediterranean Sea. The complete detector will consist of 12 strings, supplemented by an additional instrumentation line. Nine strings are at present deployed of which five are already connected to the shore and operating. Each string is equipped with 75 Optical Modules (OMs) housing the photomultipliers to detect the Cherenkov light induced by the charged particles produced in neutrino reactions. An accurate measurement of the Cherenkov photon arrival times as well as the positions and orientations of the OMs is required for a precise reconstruction of the direction of the detected neutrinos. For this purpose the ANTARES detector is provided with several system s to facilitate the calibration of the detector. The time calibration is performed using light pulses emitted from LED and laser devices. The positioning is done via acoustic triangulation using hydrophones. Additionally, local tilt angles and the orientations of the modules are measured with a set of tiltmeters and compasses. In this paper, it is demonstrated that the ANTARES time and alignment calibration systems operate successfully in situ. In particular, it is shown that the ANTARES read-out electronics is capable of reaching a sub-nanosecond time resolution.

Felix Fehr; for the ANTARES Collaboration

2007-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

439

An Improved Photometric Calibration of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Imaging Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an algorithm to photometrically calibrate wide field optical imaging surveys, that simultaneously solves for the calibration parameters and relative stellar fluxes using overlapping observations. The algorithm decouples the problem of "relative" calibrations, from that of "absolute" calibrations; the absolute calibration is reduced to determining a few numbers for the entire survey. We pay special attention to the spatial structure of the calibration errors, allowing one to isolate particular error modes in downstream analyses. Applying this to the Sloan Digital Sky Survey imaging data, we achieve ~1% relative calibration errors across 8500 sq.deg. in griz; the errors are ~2% for the u band. These errors are dominated by unmodelled atmospheric variations at Apache Point Observatory.

Padmanabhan, N; Finkbeiner, D P; Barentine, J C; Blanton, M R; Brewington, H J; Gunn, J E; Harvanek, M; Hogg, D W; Ivezic, Z; Johnston, D; Kent, S M; Kleinman, S J; Knapp, G R; Krzesínski, J; Long, D; Neilsen, E H; Nitta, A; Loomis, C; Lupton, R H; Roweis, S; Snedden, S A; Strauss, M A; Tucker, D L

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

An Improved Photometric Calibration of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Imaging Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an algorithm to photometrically calibrate wide field optical imaging surveys, that simultaneously solves for the calibration parameters and relative stellar fluxes using overlapping observations. The algorithm decouples the problem of ''relative'' calibrations from that of ''absolute'' calibrations; the absolute calibration is reduced to determining a few numbers for the entire survey. We pay special attention to the spatial structure of the calibration errors, allowing one to isolate particular error modes in downstream analyses. Applying this to the Sloan Digital Sky Survey imaging data, we achieve {approx}1% relative calibration errors across 8500 deg{sup 2} in griz; the errors are {approx}2% for the u band. These errors are dominated by unmodeled atmospheric variations at Apache Point Observatory.

Padmanabhan, Nikhil; Schlegel, D.J.; Finkbeiner, D.P.; Barentine, J.C.; Blanton, M.R.; Brewington, H.J.; Gunn, J.E.; Harvanek, M.; Hogg, D.W.; Ivezic, Z.; Johnston, D.; /LBL, Berkeley /Princeton U. /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys. /Texas U., Astron. Dept. /Apache Point Observ. /New York U. /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept. /Caltech, JPL /Fermilab /Subaru Telescope /Mt. Suhora Observ., Cracow

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Steady and unsteady calibration of multi-hole probes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the development of a data crographics. reduction algorithm for multi-hole pressure probes. The algorithm has been developed for the reduction of calibration data from miniature non-nulling multi-hole probes in compressible, subsonic flow gelds. The algorithm is able to reduce data from any 5-or 7-hole probe in a subsonic flow field and generate very accurate predictions of the velocity magnitude and direction, total and static pressure, Mach and Reynolds member and fluid properties like the density and viscosity. The algorithm utilizes a local least-squares modeling technique and has been tested on 4 novel miniature 7-hole probes that have been calibrated at NASA Langley Flow Modeling and Control Branch for the entire subsonic regime. Each of the probes had a conical tip with diameter of 0.065''. Excellent prediction capabilities are demonstrated with maximum errors in angle prediction less than 0.6 degrees and maximum errors in velocity prediction less than 1%, both with 99 percent confidence. The development of Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) -based, fast-response, multi-sensor pressure probes of miniature size for velocity and pressure measurement applications in unsteady and turbulent flow gelds is also discussed. A new type of pressure sensor has been developed with silicon-nitride diaphragm and a characteristic size of only 250 gm. These pressure sensors are small enough to be mounted close to the surface of a miniature hemispherical-tip probe, obtaining a probe bandwidth and a theoretical frequency response up to 100 kl-lz. Both computational and experimental approaches are employed to develop calibration techniques suitable for highly unsteady flow environments with strong spatial gradients.

Johansen, Espen S

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Calibration and Characterization of the Small Sample Calorimeter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An early component of the Joint Fuel Cycle Study (JFCS) between the United States and the Republic of Korea is a test of gram scale electrochemical recycling of spent fuel which is to be performed at Idaho National Laboratory (INL). Included in this test is the development of Nondestructive Assay (NDA) technologies that would be applicable for International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards of the electrochemical recycling process. Of upmost importance to safeguarding the fuel cycle associated with the electrochemical recycling process is the ability to safeguard the U/TRU ingots that will be produced in the process. For the gram scale test, the ingots that will be produced will have an expected thermal power of approximately 130 mW. To ascertain how well the calorimetric assay NDA technique can perform in assaying these ingots, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has characterized and calibrated a small solid-state calorimeter called the Small Sample Calorimeter (SSC3) to perform these measurements at LANL. To calibrate and characterize the SSC3, a series of measurements were performed using certified {sup 238}Pu heat standards whose power output is traceable back to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) electrical standards. The results of these measurements helped establish both the calibration of the calorimeter as well as the expected performance of the calorimeter in terms of its accuracy and precision as a function of thermal power of the item that is being measured. In this report, we will describe the measurements that were performed and provide a discussion of the results of these measurements.

Santi, Peter A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Perry, Katherine A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

443

Surface moisture measurement system electromagnetic induction probe calibration technique  

SciTech Connect

The Surface Moisture Measurement System (SMMS) is designed to measure the moisture concentration near the surfaces of the wastes located in the Hanford Site tank farms. This document describes a calibration methodology to demonstrate that the Electromagnetic Induction (EMI) moisture probe meets relevant requirements in the `Design Requirements Document (DRD) for the Surface Moisture Measurement System.` The primary purpose of the experimental tests described in this methodology is to make possible interpretation of EMI in-tank surface probe data to estimate the surface moisture.

Crowe, R.D., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

444

Residential Vertical Geothermal Heat Pump System Models: Calibration to Data:  

SciTech Connect

A detailed component-based simulation model of a geothermal heat pump system has been calibrated to monitored data taken from a family housing unit located at Fort Polk, Louisiana. The simulation model represents the housing unit, geothermal heat pump, ground heat exchanger, thermostat, blower, and ground-loop pump. Each of these component models was 'tuned' to better match the measured data from the site. These tuned models were then interconnect to form the system model. The system model was then exercised in order to demonatrate its capabilities.

Thornton, Jeff W. [Thermal Energy Systems Specialists, Inc.; McDowell, T. P. [Thermal Energy Systems Specialists, Inc.; Shonder, John A [ORNL; Hughes, Patrick [ORNL; Pahud, D. [University of Applied Sciences of Southern Switzerland; Hellstrom, G. [Lund University

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

The Laser Calibration System of the ALICE Time Projection Chamber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Collider (LHC) dedicated to the study of heavy ion collisions. The Time Projection Chamber (TPC) is the main tracking detector covering the pseudo rapidity range |? | laser system is to simulate ionizing tracks at predifined positions throughout the drift volume in order to monitor the TPC response to a known source. In particular, the alignment of the read-out chambers will be performed, and variations of the drift velocity due to drift field imperfections can be measured and used as calibration data in the physics data analysis. In this paper we present the design of the pulsed UV laser and optical system, together with the control and monitoring systems.

G. Renault; B. S. Nielsen; J. Westergaard; J. J. Gaardhøje For The

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Method of making self-calibrated displacement measurements  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for monitoring the displacement of an object having an acoustically reflective surface at least partially submerged in an acoustically conductive medium. The reflective surface is designed to have a stepped interface responsive to an incident acoustic pulse to provide separate discrete reflected pulses to a receiving transducer. The difference in the time of flight of the reflected acoustic signals corresponds to the known step height and the time of travel of the signals to the receiving transducer provides a measure of the displacement of the object. Accordingly, the reference step length enables simultaneous calibration of each displacement measurement.

Pedersen, Herbert N. (Richland, WA)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Construction and operation of an improved radiation calibration facility at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Environmental assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Calibration of instruments used to detect and measure ionizing radiation has been conducted over the last 20 years at Brookhaven National Laboratory`s (BNL) Radiation Calibration Facility, Building 348. Growth of research facilities, projects in progress, and more stringent Department of Energy (DOE) orders which involve exposure to nuclear radiation have placed substantial burdens on the existing radiation calibration facility. The facility currently does not meet the requirements of DOE Order 5480.4 or American National Standards Institute (ANSI) N323-1978, which establish calibration methods for portable radiation protection instruments used in the detection and measurement of levels of ionizing radiation fields or levels of radioactive surface contaminations. Failure to comply with this standard could mean instrumentation is not being calibrated to necessary levels of sensitivity. The Laboratory has also recently obtained a new neutron source and gamma beam irradiator which can not be made operational at existing facilities because of geometry and shielding inadequacies. These sources are needed to perform routine periodic calibrations of radiation detecting instruments used by scientific and technical personnel and to meet BNL`s substantial increase in demand for radiation monitoring capabilities. To place these new sources into operation, it is proposed to construct an addition to the existing radiation calibration facility that would house all calibration sources and bring BNL calibration activities into compliance with DOE and ANSI standards. The purpose of this assessment is to identify potential significant environmental impacts associated with the construction and operation of an improved radiation calibration facility at BNL.

NONE

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 559: T Tunnel Compressor/Blower Pad, Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect

This Corrective Action Decision Document (CADD)/Closure Report (CR) was prepared by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 559, T-Tunnel Compressor/Blower Pad. This CADD/CR is consistent with the requirements of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) agreed to by the State of Nevada, the U.S. Department of Energy, and the U.S. Department of Defense. Corrective Action Unit 559 is comprised of one Corrective Action Site (CAS): • 12-25-13, Oil Stained Soil and Concrete The purpose of this CADD/CR is to provide justification and documentation supporting the recommendation for closure in place with use restrictions for CAU 559.

NSTec Environmental Restoration

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

449

Experimental calibration of a coupled reaction-flow simulator  

SciTech Connect

Two flow-through experiments in sandstone were conducted to assess the impact of artificial diagenesis (neogenesis) during steam-assisted oil recovery in a bitumen reservoir in NE-Alberta, Canada (Clearwater formation). The benchmark experiments were designed to calibrate and validate a reaction-flow simulator (REACTRAN). Because of the system's complexity, the simulator has to be validated in the laboratory before being used in field applications. In the second experiment, reported on here, the Impact of neogenesis on preserved core from the field was investigated. Salient features of the experiment are: fluid composition - brine, pH 9.5; injection time - 28 days; temperature - 246[degrees]C; sediment - bitumen extracted, immature, litharenite sand; permeability - 3 Darcies; system length - 90 cm; flow rate - 10.2 cc/h. The initial and rock composition were analyzed. We found: (1) small overall permeability reduction (8%), (2) the post-steam core remained unconsolidated; (3) the most reactive sand components are carbonates and the matrix of volcanic rock fragments; (4) many plagioclase grains were dissolved; (5) K-feldspar, smectite, and chlorite were formed. These results show promising agreement between REACTRAN predictions and the laboratory experiments. In the near future, such experimentally calibrated simulators may be effective in predicting beneficial and deleterious reactions that may occur during thermally-assisted oil recovery.

Mok, U.; Longstaffe, F.J. (Univ. of Western Ontario, London, Ontario (Canada)); Dudley, S. (Imperial Oil Res. Limited, Calgary, Alberta (Canada)) (and others)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

KEPLER INPUT CATALOG: PHOTOMETRIC CALIBRATION AND STELLAR CLASSIFICATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe the photometric calibration and stellar classification methods used by the Stellar Classification Project to produce the Kepler Input Catalog (KIC). The KIC is a catalog containing photometric and physical data for sources in the Kepler mission field of view; it is used by the mission to select optimal targets. Four of the visible-light (g, r, i, z) magnitudes used in the KIC are tied to Sloan Digital Sky Survey magnitudes; the fifth (D51) is an AB magnitude calibrated to be consistent with Castelli and Kurucz (CK) model atmosphere fluxes. We derived atmospheric extinction corrections from hourly observations of secondary standard fields within the Kepler field of view. For these filters and extinction estimates, repeatability of absolute photometry for stars brighter than magnitude 15 is typically 2%. We estimated stellar parameters {l_brace}T{sub eff}, log (g), log (Z), E{sub B-V}{r_brace} using Bayesian posterior probability maximization to match observed colors to CK stellar atmosphere models. We applied Bayesian priors describing the distribution of solar-neighborhood stars in the color-magnitude diagram, in log (Z), and in height above the galactic plane. Several comparisons with samples of stars classified by other means indicate that for 4500 K {data archive.

Brown, Timothy M. [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope, Goleta, CA 93117 (United States); Latham, David W.; Esquerdo, Gilbert A. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Everett, Mark E., E-mail: tbrown@lcogt.net, E-mail: latham@cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: gesquerd@cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: everett@noao.edu [National Optical Astronomy Observatories, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

451

Groundwater model calibration at Pantex using Data Fusion modeling  

SciTech Connect

The Pantex plant has operated as one of the Federal government`s key conventional and nuclear weapons facilities since the 1940`s. In recent years, the DOE has expended considerable effort to characterize the nature and extent of groundwater contamination associated with the site. That effort is still on-going with the ultimate aim of determining and implementing appropriate remedial measures. The goal of the study described in this report was to use Data Fusion modeling to calibrate a groundwater model near Zone 12 of Pantex, primarily to define the potential pathways to the Ogallala aquifer. Data Fusion is a new approach for combining different but interrelated types of information from multiple sources into a quantitative analysis of system characteristics and dynamic behavior. The Data Fusion Workstation (DFW) is a patented technique for carrying out Data Fusion analyses using specially developed computer based approaches. The technique results in the development of a calibrated model of a site consistent with the data, first principles, and geostatistical spatial continuity. A more explicit description of the Data Fusion concept and approach is presented.

NONE

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Risk assessment of the retrieval of transuranic waste: Pads 1, 2, and 4, Technical Area-54, Area G, Los Alamos National Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Risk Assessment for the Retrieval of Transuranic Waste is a comparative risk assessment of the potential adverse human health effects resulting from exposure to contaminants during retrieval and post-retrieval aboveground storage operations of post-1970 earthen-covered transuranic waste. Two alternatives are compared: (1) Immediate Retrieval and (2) Delayed Retrieval. Under the Immediate Retrieval Alternative, retrieval of the waste is assumed to begin immediately, Under the Delayed Retrieval Alternative, retrieval is delayed 10 years. The current risk assessment is on Pads 1, 2, and 4, at Technical Area-54, Area-G, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Risks are assessed independently for three scenarios: (1) incident-free retrieval operations, (2) incident-free storage operations, and (3) a drum failure analysis. The drum failure analysis evaluates container integrity under both alternatives and assesses the impacts of potential drum failures during retrieval operations. Risks associated with a series of drum failures are potentially severe for workers, off-site receptors, and general on-site employees if retrieval is delayed 10 years and administrative and engineering controls remain constant. Under the Delayed Retrieval Alternative, an average of 300 drums out of 16,647 are estimated to fail during retrieval operations due to general corrosion, while minimal drums are predicted to fail under the Immediate Retrieval Alternative. The results of the current study suggest that, based on risk, remediation of Pads 1, 2, and 4 at LANL should not be delayed. Although risks from incident-free operations in the Delayed Retrieval Alternative are low, risks due to corrosion and drum failures are potentially severe.

Wilbert, K.A.; Lyon, B.F.; Hutchison, J.; Holmes, J.A.; Legg, J.L.; Simek, M.P.; Travis, C.C.; Wollert, D.A.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Plant Application of On-Line Monitoring for Calibration Interval Extension of Safety-Related Instruments: Volume 1 and 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Temperature, pressure, and other instruments in important applications in nuclear power plants are calibrated periodically to ensure reliable measurements and plant safety. Calibrations are typically performed once every fuel cycle (that is, once every 18 to 24 months). Through calibration activities, substantial labor is devoted to isolating the instruments, calibrating them, and returning them to service. In recent years, reviews of calibration histories of process instruments in nuclear power plants h...

2006-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

454

Sensitivity of Spectroradiometric Calibrations in the Near Infrared to Variations in Atmospheric Water Vapor: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Spectra of natural sunlight and artificial sources are important in photovoltaic research. Calibration of the spectroradiometers used for these measurements is derived from the response to spectral irradiance standards from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Some photovoltaic devices respond in the near infrared, or NIR, so spectral measurements and calibrations are needed in this region. Over the course of several calibrations, we identified variations> 5% in spectroradiometer NIR calibration data for a certain spectroradiometer. A detailed uncertainty analysis did not reflect the observed variation. Reviewing calibration procedures and historical data, we noted that the variations were seen in water vapor absorption bands. We used spectral transmission models to compute changes in atmospheric transmission (as a function of water vapor content) over path lengths occurring during calibration. The results indicate that the observed variations result from varying water vapor content. A correction algorithm for adjusting measured data was developed based on our analysis.

Myers, D. R.; Andreas, A. A.

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

In situ calibration of inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission and mass spectroscopy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are disclosed for in situ addition calibration of an inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometer or mass spectrometer using a precision gas metering valve to introduce a volatile calibration gas of an element of interest directly into an aerosol particle stream. The present in situ calibration technique is suitable for various remote, on-site sampling systems such as laser ablation or nebulization. 5 figs.

Braymen, S.D.

1996-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

456

A method for the extrapolation of calibration data of PTC 6 throat tap nozzles  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a precise method for extrapolating the coefficient of discharge of PTC 6 throat tap nozzles using all or most of the calibration data. Numerical examples are given using actual calibration data to describe this method. Because this method permits the use of all calibration data at or above Reynolds numbers of 1,000,000 it is a clear improvement over the PTC 6 -1976 method which permits only the highest single point.

Murdock, J.W. (Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (USA)); Keyser, D.R. (Naval Air Development Center, Warminster, PA (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Using Calibrated Simulation to Quantify The energy Savings From Residential Passive Solar Design in Canada.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Energy savings from passive solar design applied to a typical Canadian house were quantified using calibrated whole building energy simulation. A detailed energy simulation model… (more)

Zirnhelt, Hayes E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Investigation of factors affecting the calibration of strain gage based transducers (``Goodzeit gages``) for SSC magnets  

SciTech Connect

These transducers are designed to measure stresses on SSC collared coils. They are individually calibrated with a bonded ten-stack of SSC inner coil cable by applying a known load and reading corresponding output from the gages. The transducer is supported by a notched ``backing plate`` that allows for bending of the gage beam during calibration or in use with an actual coil. Several factors affecting the calibration and use of the transducers are: the number of times a ``backing plate`` is used, the similarities or difficulties between bonded ten-stacks, and the differences between the ten-stacks and the coil they represent. The latter is probably the most important because a calibration curve is a model of how a transducer should react within a coil. If the model is wrong, the calibration curve is wrong. Information will be presented regarding differences in calibrations between Brookhaven National Labs (also calibrating these transducers) and Fermilab -- what caused these differences, the investigation into the differences between coils and ten-stacks and how they relate to transducer calibration, and some suggestions for future calibrations.

Davidson, M.; Gilbertson, A.; Dougherty, M.

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Absolute intensity calibration of the Wendelstein 7-X high efficiency extreme ultraviolet overview spectrometer system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The new high effiency extreme ultraviolet overview spectrometer (HEXOS) system for the stellarator Wendelstein 7-X is now mounted for testing and adjustment at the tokamak experiment for technology oriented research (TEXTOR). One part of the testing phase was the intensity calibration of the two double spectrometers which in total cover a spectral range from 2.5 to 160.0 nm with overlap. This work presents the current intensity calibration curves for HEXOS and describes the method of calibration. The calibration was implemented with calibrated lines of a hollow cathode light source and the branching ratio technique. The hollow cathode light source provides calibrated lines from 16 up to 147 nm. We could extend the calibrated region in the spectrometers down to 2.8 nm by using the branching line pairs emitted by an uncalibrated pinch extreme ultraviolet light source as well as emission lines from boron and carbon in TEXTOR plasmas. In total HEXOS is calibrated from 2.8 up to 147 nm, which covers most of the observable wavelength region. The approximate density of carbon in the range of the minor radius from 18 to 35 cm in a TEXTOR plasma determined by simulating calibrated vacuum ultraviolet emission lines with a transport code was 5.5x10{sup 17} m{sup -3} which corresponds to a local carbon concentration of 2%.

Greiche, Albert; Biel, Wolfgang; Marchuk, Oleksandr [Institut fuer Energieforschung-Plasmaphysik, Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH, EURATOM Association, Trilateral Euregio Cluster, D-52425 Juelich (Germany); Burhenn, Rainer [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Association, D-17491 Greifswald (Germany)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

460

Instructions for calibrating gamma detectors using the Canberra-Nuclear Data Genie Gamma Spectroscopy System  

SciTech Connect

A straight forward protocol provides a way to guide the calibration of a gamma detector for a particular geometry and material. Several programs have used the Low Level Gamma Counting Facility of the Health and Ecological Assessment Division of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to count a variety of large environmental samples contained in several unique geometries. The equipment and calibration requirements needed to analyze these types of samples are explained. This document describes the calibration protocol that has been developed and describes how it is used to calibrate the detectors.

Brunk, J.L.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Calibration of a distributed flood forecasting model with input uncertainty using a Bayesian framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Calibrated probabilistic forecasting using ensemble modelSutcliffe (1970), River flow forecasting through conceptuala Distributed Flood Forecasting Model with Input Uncertainty

Li, M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 230: Area 22 Sewage Lagoons and Corrective Action Unit 320: Area 22 Desert Rock Airport Strainer Box Nevada Test Site, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

This Closure Report (CR) describes the remediation activities performed and the results of verification sampling conducted at Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 230, Area 22 Sewage Lagoons and CAU 320, Area 22 Desert Rock Airport Strainer Box. The CAU is currently listed in Appendix III of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO, 1996). The CAU is located in Area 22 of the Nevada Test Site (NTS) (Figure 1) and consists of the following Corrective Action Sites (CASs): 22-03-01- Sewage Lagoon (CAU 230); and 22-99-01- Strainer Box (CAU 320). Included with CAS 22-99-01 is a buried Imhoff tank and a sludge bed. These CAUs will be collectively referred to in this plan as the Area 22 Sewage Lagoons site. Site characterization activities were done during September 1999. Characterization of the manholes associated with the septic system leading to the Imhoff tank was done during March 2000. The results of the characterization presented in the Corrective Action Decision Document (CADD) indicated that only the sludge bed (CAS 22-99-01) contained constituents of concern (COC) above action levels and required remediation (U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office [DOE/NV], 2000a).

D. S. Tobiason

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 4): New Hanover County Airport Burn Pit Site, New Hanover County, Wilmington, NC. (First remedial action), September 1992. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The New Hanover site was located on Gardner Road approximately 500 feet west of the New Hanover County Airport terminal, New Hanover, North Carolina. From 1968 to 1979, the site was used for fire-fighter training purposes. During training exercises, jet fuel, gasoline, petroleum storage bottoms, fuel oil, kerosene, and sorbent materials from oil spill cleanup were burned in a pit. During its active years, water from the pit was allowed to flow onto land surfaces. Inspections conducted after the pit was abandoned showed that most of the standing liquid in the pit was water. In addition to the burn pit area, fire-fighting activities resulted in contamination at several other site areas, including an auto burn area; a railroad tank burn area; an aircraft mock-up area; a fuel tank and pipelines area; and two stained soil areas north of the burn pit. The ROD addressed restoration of the aquifer to drinking water quality as a final action for the site. The primary contaminants of concern that affect the soil and ground water were VOCs, including benzene; and metals, including chromium and lead.

Not Available

1992-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

464

Waveform correlation methods for identifying populations of calibration events  

SciTech Connect

An approach for systematically screening large volumes of continuous data for repetitive events identified as mining explosions on basis of temporal and amplitude population characteristics. The method extends event clustering through waveform correlation with a new source-region-specific detector. The new signal subspace detector generalizes the matched filter and can be used to increase the number of events associated with a given cluster, thereby increasing the reliability of diagnostic cluster population characteristics. The method can be applied to obtain bootstrap ground truth explosion waveforms for testing discriminants, where actual ground truth is absent. The same events, if associated with to a particular mine, may help calibrate velocity models. The method may also assist earthquake hazard risk assessment by providing what amounts to blasting logs for identified mines. The cluster event lists can be reconciled against earthquake catalogs to screen explosions, otherwise hard to identify from the catalogs.

Harris, D.B.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

TA-55 Hot CMM Calibration Tolerance Analysis (U)  

SciTech Connect

The Hot Coordinate Measuring Machine (CMM), a Brown and Sharpe Xcel 765, has specifications listed by the manufacture of 4.5 + L/250 {micro}m for volumetric performance, 3.5 {micro}m for probing and 4.5 {micro}m for scanning. An upgrade was performed on the machine increasing its performance capability. This document reviews calibration data gathered after the upgrade over a five year period (2005-2010) and recommends a new specification of 3.0 + L/250 {micro}m for size, 3.3 {micro}m for probing, and 4.3 {micro}m for scanning. The new equations are an approximate 30% increase in accuracy for size and approximately 5% increase for probing and scanning.

Montano, Joshua D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

466

Evaluating Density Forecasts: Forecast Combinations, Model Mixtures, Calibration and Sharpness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a recent article Gneiting, Balabdaoui and Raftery (JRSSB, 2007) propose the criterion of sharpness for the evaluation of predictive distributions or density forecasts. They motivate their proposal by an example in which standard evaluation procedures based on probability integral transforms cannot distinguish between the ideal forecast and several competing forecasts. In this paper we show that their example has some unrealistic features from the perspective of the time-series forecasting literature, hence it is an insecure foundation for their argument that existing calibration procedures are inadequate in practice. We present an alternative, more realistic example in which relevant statistical methods, including information-based methods, provide the required discrimination between competing forecasts. We conclude that there is no need for a subsidiary criterion of sharpness.

James Mitchell; Kenneth F. Wallis

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Monocrystalline test structures, and use for calibrating instruments  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved test structure for measurement of width of conductive lines formed on substrates as performed in semiconductor fabrication, and for calibrating instruments for such measurements, is formed from a monocrystalline starting material, having an insulative layer formed beneath its surface by ion implantation or the equivalent, leaving a monocrystalline layer on the surface. The monocrystalline surface layer is then processed by preferential etching to accurately define components of the test structure. The substrate can be removed from the rear side of the insulative layer to form a transparent window, such that the test structure can be inspected by transmissive-optical techniques. Measurements made using electrical and optical techniques can be correlated with other measurements, including measurements made using scanning probe microscopy.

Cresswell, Michael W. (Frederick, MD); Ghoshtagore, R. N. (Ellicott City, MD); Linholm, Loren W. (Ijamsville, MD); Allen, Richard A. (Germantown, MD); Sniegowski, Jeffry J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

X-ray Diffraction Crystal Calibration and Characterization  

SciTech Connect

National Security Technologies’ X-ray Laboratory is comprised of a multi-anode Manson type source and a Henke type source that incorporates a dual goniometer and XYZ translation stage. The first goniometer is used to isolate a particular spectral band. The Manson operates up to 10 kV and the Henke up to 20 kV. The Henke rotation stages and translation stages are automated. Procedures have been developed to characterize and calibrate various NIF diagnostics and their components. The diagnostics include X-ray cameras, gated imagers, streak cameras, and other X-ray imaging systems. Components that have been analyzed include filters, filter arrays, grazing incidence mirrors, and various crystals, both flat and curved. Recent efforts on the Henke system are aimed at characterizing and calibrating imaging crystals and curved crystals used as the major component of an X-ray spectrometer. The presentation will concentrate on these results. The work has been done at energies ranging from 3 keV to 16 keV. The major goal was to evaluate the performance quality of the crystal for its intended application. For the imaging crystals we measured the laser beam reflection offset from the X-ray beam and the reflectivity curves. For the curved spectrometer crystal, which was a natural crystal, resolving power was critical. It was first necessary to find sources of crystals that had sufficiently narrow reflectivity curves. It was then necessary to determine which crystals retained their resolving power after being thinned and glued to a curved substrate.

Michael J. Haugh; Richard Stewart; Nathan Kugland

2009-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

469

Calibrating the Simple Biosphere Model for Amazonian Tropical Forest Using Field and Remote Sensing Data. Part I: Average Calibration with Field Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the operation and calibration of the simple biosphere model (SiB) of Sellers et al. using micrometeorological and hydrological measurements taken in and above tropical forest in the central Amazon basin. The paper provides:

Piers J. Sellers; W. James Shuttleworth; Jeff L. Dorman; Amnon Dalcher; John M. Roberts

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Providing radiometric traceability for the calibration home base of DLR by PTB  

SciTech Connect

A dedicated calibration technique was applied for the calibration of the spectral radiance transfer standard (RASTA) of the German Aerospace Center (DLR) at the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), consisting of two independent but complementing calibration procedures to provide redundancy and smallest possible calibration uncertainties. Procedure I included two calibration steps: In a first step the optical radiation source of RASTA, an FEL lamp, was calibrated in terms of its spectral irradiance E{sub {lambda}}({lambda}) in the wavelength range from 350 nm to 2400 nm using the PTB Spectral Irradiance Calibration Equipment (SPICE), while in a second step the spectral radiance factor {beta}{sub 0 Degree-Sign :45 Degree-Sign }({lambda}) of the RASTA reflection standard was calibrated in a 0 Degree-Sign :45 Degree-Sign -viewing geometry in the wavelength range from 350 nm to 1700 nm at the robot-based gonioreflectometer facility of PTB. The achieved relative standard uncertainties (k= 1) range from 0.6 % to 3.2 % and 0.1 % to 0.6 % respectively. Procedure II was completely independent from procedure I and allowed to cover the entire spectral range of RASTA from 350 nm to 2500 nm. In the second procedure, the 0 Degree-Sign :45 Degree-Sign -viewing geometry spectral radiance L{sub {lambda},0 Degree-Sign :45 Degree-Sign }({lambda}) of RASTA was directly calibrated at the Spectral Radiance Comparator Facility (SRCF) of PTB. The relative uncertainties for this calibration procedure range from 0.8 % in the visible up to 7.5 % at 2500 nm (k= 1). In the overlapping spectral range of both calibration procedures the calculated spectral radiance L{sub {lambda},0 Degree-Sign :45 Degree-Sign ,calc}({lambda}) from procedure I is in good agreement with the direct measurement of procedure II, i.e. well within the combined expanded uncertainties (k= 2) of both procedures.

Taubert, D. R.; Hollandt, J.; Sperfeld, P.; Pape, S.; Hoepe, A.; Hauer, K.-O. [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig und Berlin, 10587 Berlin (Germany); Gege, P.; Schwarzmaier, T.; Lenhard, K.; Baumgartner, A. [Deutsches Zentrum fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt, Institut fuer Methodik der Fernerkundung, 82234 Oberpfaffenhofen (Germany)

2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

471

Characterization of the Neutron Fields in the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Radiation Calibration Laboratory Low Scatter Calibration Facility  

SciTech Connect

In June 2007, the Department of Energy (DOE) revised its rule on Occupational Radiation Protection, Part 10 CFR 835. A significant aspect of the revision was the adoption of the recommendations outlined in International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) Report 60 (ICRP-60), including new radiation weighting factors for neutrons, updated internal dosimetric models, and dose terms consistent with the newer ICRP recommendations. ICRP-60 uses the quantities defined by the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements (ICRU) for personnel and area monitoring including the ambient dose equivalent H*(d). A Joint Task Group of ICRU and ICRP has developed various fluence-to-dose conversion coefficients which are published in ICRP-74 for both protection and operational quantities. In February 2008, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) replaced its old pneumatic transport neutron irradiation system in the Radiation Calibration Laboratory (RCL) Low Scatter Calibration Facility (B255, Room 183A) with a Hopewell Designs irradiator model N40. The exposure tube for the Hopewell system is located close to, but not in exactly the same position as the exposure tube for the pneumatic system. Additionally, the sources for the Hopewell system are stored in Room 183A where, prior to the change, they were stored in a separate room (Room 183C). The new source configuration and revision of the 10 CFR 835 radiation weighting factors necessitate a re-evaluation of the neutron dose rates in B255 Room 183A. This report deals only with the changes in the operational quantities ambient dose equivalent and ambient dose rate equivalent for neutrons as a result of the implementation of the revised 10 CFR 835. In the report, the terms 'neutron dose' and 'neutron dose rate' will be used for convenience for ambient neutron dose equivalent and ambient neutron dose rate equivalent unless otherwise stated.

Radev, R

2009-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

472

Multi-objective calibration and fuzzy preference selection of a distributed hydrological model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multi-objective evaluation of distributed hydrological models enables an analysis of prediction behaviour of individual sub-systems within a catchment. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate an application of multi-response, multisite calibration strategy ... Keywords: Distributed hydrological model, Fuzzy set, Genetic algorithm, Multi-objective calibration, Preference selection, Streamflow uncertainty, Water balance

Rajesh Raj Shrestha; Michael Rode

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Microplane constitutive model M4L for concrete. II: Calibration and validation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper, Part II of a two-part study, presents the numerical calibration and validation of the microplane constitutive model M4L for concrete formulated in the preceding part. The model parameters are firstly calibrated through optimum fitting of ... Keywords: Concrete, Finite elements, Fracture and damage, Microplane model, Structural analysis

Jiabin Li, Nguyen V. Tue, Ferhun C. Caner

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

A ber-optic based calibration system for the High Resolution Fly's Eye  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 FIBER-OPTICS Fig. 2. Routing of the bers of the HiRes-II calibration system from the light source. This automated calibration system delivers light from a frequency tripled 355nm YAG laser to the 10,752 photo, electronic response, and re ectivity of each mirror. Hence light from the cal- ibration system must

475

Implementation of the Loveland FASTEST reg sign automated process instrument calibration system  

SciTech Connect

The Savannah River Plant, operated by E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company for the United States Department of Energy, has successfully implemented the use of a computer-based calibration and testing system for process instrumentation. The Loveland Controls CO. FASTEST system consists of a personal computer with an instrument record database which is interfaced to portable calibrators. Calibration procedures and instrument calibration specifications are downloaded from the database into the microprocessor-controlled calibrators to provide computer-paced testing and calibration of the process instruments. The As-Found/As-Left test results are automatically recorded by the calibrators and uploaded back to the database. This provides a detailed historical record of test results and a graphical display of instrument performances which are accessed through the computer-generated reports. Use of the Loveland FASTEST system in the Separations Program has benefited Production, Technical, Maintenance, and Quality departments. The system allows for better control of the process and provide an estimated annual cost savings of $200,000 through minimized paperwork and reduced calibration time and personnel requirements.

Walther, C.M.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Calibration of the Milagro Cosmic Ray telescope. Lazar Fleysher 1 for the Milagro Collaboration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

diffusing light sources deployed in the pond to allow cross­calibration of the PMTs. The system is capable system: description The Milagro calibration system is based on the laser -- fiber­optic -- diffusing ball shifted by fiber­optic delay, light travel time in water and TDC time offsets. Knowing the locations

California at Santa Cruz, University of

477

Probabilistic Forecast Calibration Using ECMWF and GFS Ensemble Reforecasts. Part II: Precipitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Probabilistic Forecast Calibration Using ECMWF and GFS Ensemble Reforecasts. Part II: Precipitation for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Reading, United Kingdom JEFFREY S. WHITAKER NOAA/Earth System Research As a companion to Part I, which discussed the calibration of probabilistic 2-m temperature forecasts using large

Hamill, Tom

478

Gamma-ray energies for calibration of Ge(Li) spectrometers  

SciTech Connect

Gamma-ray energies are compared for bent-crystal measurements, Ge(Li) measurements, and other measurements. 150 gamma-ray energies below 3450 keV from 35 isotopes are being calibrated for calibration of Ge(Li) spectrometers. (WHK)

Helmer, R.G.; Greenwood, R.C.; Gehrke, R.J.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Calibration of the Solar Channels of the NOAA-9 AVHRR Using High Altitude Aircraft Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for calibrating satellite radiometers is investigated. A calibrated spectral radiometer carried aboard a U2 aircraft at an altitude of 60 000 ft was aligned with White Sands. New Mexico along the same view vector as the Advanced Very ...

Gilbert R. Smith; Robert H. Levin; Peter Abel; Herbert Jacobowitz

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Standard Test Method for Calibration of Non-Concentrator Photovoltaic Secondary Reference Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 This test method covers calibration and characterization of secondary terrestrial photovoltaic reference cells to a desired reference spectral irradiance distribution. The recommended physical requirements for these reference cells are described in Specification E1040. Reference cells are principally used in the determination of the electrical performance of a photovoltaic device. 1.2 Secondary reference cells are calibrated indoors using simulated sunlight or outdoors in natural sunlight by reference to a primary reference cell previously calibrated to the same desired reference spectral irradiance distribution. 1.3 Secondary reference cells calibrated according to this test method will have the same radiometric traceability as the of the primary reference cell used for the calibration. Therefore, if the primary reference cell is traceable to the World Radiometric Reference (WRR, see Test Method E816), the resulting secondary reference cell will also be traceable to the WRR. 1.4 This test method appli...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airport calibration pads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

An Improved Photometric Calibration of the Sloan Digital SkySurvey Imaging Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an algorithm to photometrically calibrate widefield optical imaging surveys, that simultaneously solves for thecalibration parameters and relative stellar fluxes using overlappingobservations. The algorithm decouples the problem of "relative"calibrations from that of "absolute" calibrations; the absolutecalibration is reduced to determining a few numbers for the entiresurvey. We pay special attention to the spatial structure of thecalibration errors, allowing one to isolate particular error modes indownstream analyses. Applying this to the SloanDigital Sky Survey imagingdata, we achieve ~;1 percent relative calibration errors across 8500sq.deg/ in griz; the errors are ~;2 percent for the u band. These errorsare dominated by unmodelled atmospheric variations at Apache PointObservatory. These calibrations, dubbed ubercalibration, are now publicwith SDSS Data Release 6, and will be a part of subsequent SDSS datareleases.

Padmanabhan, Nikhil; Schlegel, David J.; Finkbeiner, Douglas P.; Barentine, J.C.; Blanton, Michael R.; Brewington, Howard J.; Gunn, JamesE.; Harvanek, Michael; Hogg, David W.; Ivezic, Zeljko; Johnston, David; Kent, Stephen M.; Kleinman, S.J.; Knapp, Gillian R.; Krzesinski, Jurek; Long, Dan; Neilsen Jr., Eric H.; Nitta, Atsuko; Loomis, Craig; Lupton,Robert H.; Roweis, Sam; Snedden, Stephanie A.; Strauss, Michael A.; Tucker, Douglas L.

2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

482

Calibration of Geostationary-Satellite Infrared Radiometers Using the TIROS-N Vertical Sounder: Application to METEOSAT-1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is presented for the calibration of infrared radiometers on geostationary satellites using calibrated infrared radiometers on an orbiting satellite. This method relies on similarities between the weighting functions corresponding to the ...

N. Beriot; N. A. Scott; A. Chedin; P. Sitbon

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

A New Look at Calibration and Use of Eppley Precision Infrared Radiometers. Part I: Theory and Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The calibration and accuracy of the Eppley precision infrared radiometer (PIR) is examined both theoretically and experimentally. A rederivation of the fundamental energy balance of the PIR indicates that the calibration equation in common use in ...

C. W. Fairall; P. O. G. Persson; E. F. Bradley; R. E. Payne; S. P. Anderson

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Calibration Evaluation and Radiometric Testing of Field Radiometers with the SeaWiFS Quality Monitor (SQM)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the goals of calibration and validation programs supporting ocean color satellites is to produce water-leaving radiances with an uncertainty of 5% in clear-water regions. This objective requires field instruments with a calibration and ...

Stanford B. Hooker; James Aiken

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Calibration of LSST Instrumental and Atmospheric Photometric Passbands  

SciTech Connect

The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) will continuously image the entire sky visible from Cerro Pachon in northern Chile every 3-4 nights throughout the year. The LSST will provide data for a broad range of science investigations that require better than 1% photometric precision across the sky (repeatability and uniformity) and a similar accuracy of measured broadband color. The fast and persistent cadence of the LSST survey will significantly improve the temporal sampling rate with which celestial events and motions are tracked. To achieve these goals, and to optimally utilize the observing calendar, it will be necessary to obtain excellent photometric calibration of data taken over a wide range of observing conditions - even those not normally considered 'photometric'. To achieve this it will be necessary to routinely and accurately measure the full optical passband that includes the atmosphere as well as the instrumental telescope and camera system. The LSST mountain facility will include a new monochromatic dome illumination projector system to measure the detailed wavelength dependence of the instrumental passband for each channel in the system. The facility will also include an auxiliary spectroscopic telescope dedicated to measurement of atmospheric transparency at all locations in the sky during LSST observing. In this paper, we describe these systems and present laboratory and observational data that illustrate their performance.

Burke, David L.; /SLAC; Axelrod, T.; /Arizona U., Astron. Dept. - Steward Observ.; Barrau, Aurelien; Baumont, Sylvain; /LPSC, Grenoble; Blondin, Stephane; /Marseille, CPPM; Claver, Chuck; /NOAO, Tucson; Gorecki, Alexia; /LPSC, Grenoble; Ivezic, Zeljko; Jones, Lynne; /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept.; Krabbendam, Victor; Liang, Ming; Saha, Abhijit; /NOAO, Tucson; Smith, Allyn; /Austin Peay State U.; Smith, R.Chris; /Cerro-Tololo InterAmerican Obs.; Stubbs, Christopher W.; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.

2011-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

486

A Self-Calibrating Remote Control Chemical Monitoring System  

SciTech Connect

The Susie Mine, part of the Upper Tenmile Mining Area, is located in Rimini, MT about 15 miles southwest of Helena, MT. The Upper Tenmile Creek Mining Area is an EPA Superfund site with 70 abandoned hard rock mines and several residential yards prioritized for clean up. Water from the Susie mine flows into Tenmile Creek from which the city of Helena draws part of its water supply. MSE Technology Applications in Butte, Montana was contracted by the EPA to build a treatment system for the Susie mine effluent and demonstrate a system capable of treating mine waste water in remote locations. The Idaho National Lab was contracted to design, build and demonstrate a low maintenance self-calibrating monitoring system that would monitor multiple sample points, allow remote two-way communications with the control software and allow access to the collected data through a web site. The Automated Chemical Analysis Monitoring (ACAM) system was installed in December 2006. This thesis documents the overall design of the hardware, control software and website, the data collected while MSE-TA’s system was operational, the data collected after MSE-TA’s system was shut down and suggested improvements to the existing system.

Jessica Croft

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Uncertainty Quantification and Calibration in Well Construction Cost Estimates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The feasibility and success of petroleum development projects depend to a large degree on well construction costs. Well construction cost estimates often contain high levels of uncertainty. In many cases, these costs have been estimated using deterministic methods that do not reliably account for uncertainty, leading to biased estimates. The primary objective of this work was to improve the reliability of deterministic well construction cost estimates by incorporating probabilistic methods into the estimation process. The method uses historical well cost estimates and actual well costs to develop probabilistic correction factors that can be applied to future well cost estimates. These factors can be applied to the entire well cost or to individual cost components. Application of the methodology to estimation of well construction costs for horizontal wells in a shale gas play resulted in well cost estimates that were well calibrated probabilistically. Overall, average estimated well cost using this methodology was significantly more accurate than average estimated well cost using deterministic methods. Systematic use of this methodology can provide for more accurate and efficient allocation of capital for drilling campaigns, which should have significant impacts on reservoir development and profitability.

Valdes Machado, Alejandro

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Self-calibrated active pyrometer for furnace temperature measurements  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Pyrometer with a probe beam superimposed on its field-of-view for furnace temperature measurements. The pyrometer includes a heterodyne millimeter/sub-millimeter-wave or microwave receiver including a millimeter/sub-millimeter-wave or microwave source for probing. The receiver is adapted to receive radiation from a surface whose temperature is to be measured. The radiation includes a surface emission portion and a surface reflection portion which includes the probe beam energy reflected from the surface. The surface emission portion is related to the surface temperature and the surface reflection portion is related to the emissivity of the surface. The simultaneous measurement of surface emissivity serves as a real time calibration of the temperature measurement. In an alternative embodiment, a translatable base plate and a visible laser beam allow slow mapping out of interference patterns and obtaining peak values therefor. The invention also includes a waveguide having a replaceable end portion, an insulating refractory sleeve and/or a source of inert gas flow. The pyrometer may be used in conjunction with a waveguide to form a system for temperature measurements in a furnace. The system may employ a chopper or alternatively, be constructed without a chopper. The system may also include an auxiliary reflector for surface emissivity measurements.

Woskov, Paul P. (Bedford, MA); Cohn, Daniel R. (Chestnuthill, MA); Titus, Charles H. (Newtown Square, PA); Surma, Jeffrey E. (Kennewick, WA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Development report: automatic system test and calibration (ASTAC) equipment  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Automatic System Test and Calibration (ASTAC) Equipment has been developed by Paragon Pacific, Inc. to be used in conjunction with the NASA Lewis Research Center Wind Energy System Time-Domain (WEST) Analyzer. ASTAC is used to monitor the performance of the WEST Analyzer and to identify component malfunctions which may occur from time to time within WEST. The heart of the ASTAC system is a microcomputer which is used to input prescribed test signals into all WES