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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Indoor Radon and Its Decay Products: Concentrations, Causes, and Control Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radon and Its Decay Products in Indoor Air, Wiley, New York.radon daughter products in indoor air, Radiat. Prot. Dosim..and their decay products in indoor air, Health Phys. , 34,

Nero, A.V.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Estimate of risk from environmental exposure to radon-222 and its decay products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... principal ways in which members of the public receive natural irradiation is by breathing the radon-222 decay products in air. ... -222 decay products in air. Radon gas is emitted by soil, rocks and building materials, all of which contain the ...

R. D. Evans; J. H. Harley; W. Jacobi; A. S. McLean; W. A. Mills; C. G. Stewart

1981-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

3

Assessment of the Exposure to and Dose from Radon Decay Products in Normally Occupied Homes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Assessment of the Exposure to and Dose from Radon Decay Products in Normally Occupied Homes ... In homes supplied by water with a high radon content, inhalation exposure from the radon in the water may occur on two different time scales: (a) long-term exposure that occurs due to an increase in the background radon concentration from radon released ... ... Experimental Assessment of the Short- and Long-Term Effects of 222Rn from Domestic Shower Water on the Dose Burden Incurred in Normally Occupied Homes ...

Philip K. Hopke; Bent. Jensen; Chih-Shan. Li; Nathalie. Montassier; Piotr. Wasiolek; Alfred J. Cavallo; Kenneth. Gatsby; Robert H. Socolow; Anthony C. James

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Radon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... introduction to the non-specialist; and, with its clear exposition of the history of radon and its applications, it will convey to him something of the care essential in ... The second part of the book is concerned with the details of the process of radon extraction. Separate chapters are devoted to the radium sources used, the extraction and purifying ...

1949-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

5

Reassessing Radon in Drinking Water: Searching for Perspective on Radiation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reassessing Radon in Drinking Water: Searching for Perspective on Radiation Reassessing Radon in Drinking Water: Searching for Perspective on Radiation Risks Speaker(s): Richard Sextro Date: October 27, 1998 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3148 Although most of the exposures to radon and its radioactive decay products arise from indoor airborne radon originating in the soil adjacent to buildings, some contact with radon can occur due to its presence in drinking water. The exposures and health risks associated with radon dissolved in drinking water are typically much smaller, although the magnitude of the exposures and risks have been uncertain and the subject of some controversy. The 1996 Amendments to the (U.S.) Safe Drinking Water Act required the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to contract with the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS) to re-evaluate the risks associated with

6

Risk of radon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... 10"4 per working level month would be an appropriate upper bound for exposure to radon decay products in the home.

M.C. O.'RIORDAN

1981-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

7

Radon Content of Rainwater  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... mjjic./l. of rainwater and was due primarily to radium B + C. Since radon is present throughout the atmosphere, it continually supplies decay products which become attached to ... continually supplies decay products which become attached to aerosols and condensation droplets. The equilibrium between radon and radium A + B + C being established in about 4 h, the ...

PARTHA BANERJI; S. D. CHATTERJEE

1964-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

8

Radon risk reassessed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... UNDERGROUND miners who are heavily exposed to the radioactive decay products of radon gas (see figure) suffer especially high rates of lung cancer. Extrapolation from these ... figure) suffer especially high rates of lung cancer. Extrapolation from these data suggests that radon in people's homes may cause some 2,000 lung cancers each year in Britain1 ...

Julian Peto; Sarah Darby

1994-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

9

EPA discovers radon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... when they are of mineral construction such as stone, are also either a source of radon, the radioactive rare gas whose atoms are inescapably intermediates in the radioactive decay of ... it. One consequence is that all creatures on the surface of the Earth take in radon with every breath they breathe. Another is that those who live in houses may ...

1986-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

10

Radon: An Overview of Health Effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Radon is one of the most comprehensively studied human carcinogens. It is a naturally occurring noble gas, and due to current construction methods, radon concentrations often become enhanced indoors. Radon is the largest single contributor to the natural radiation exposure to the general public. Two of its radioactive decay products, polonium-218 and polonium-214, impart the majority of radiation dose to the lungs, rather than the radon gas itself. In fact, protracted exposure to radon and its decay products is one of the greatest environmental health threats. Radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer in North America and the leading cause of lung cancer for individuals who have never smoked. Overall, radon is also the leading environmental cause of cancer mortality in North America. In vitro studies, controlled studies of radon-exposed animals, a variety of radiobiological analyses, 15 retrospective cohort studies of radon-exposed underground miners, and analyses of 22 pooled residential epidemiologic studies from North America, China, and Europe convincingly demonstrate that radon is a human lung carcinogen even at concentrations commonly encountered in the residential setting. Because of the significant health risks related to residential radon exposure, the World Health Organization (WHO) instituted an international initiative in 2005, the International Radon Project, to reduce indoor radon risks. This article and the following articles on radon provide a general overview of its characteristics, sources, occurrence, and health effects, as well as guidance on both radon measurement and mitigation.

R.W. Field

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Carrying the Ball on Radon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 Carrying the Ball on Radon Part one of two parts Radon gas was "discovered" as an important environmental issue in the mid-1980s, when levels 1,000 times the average of about 1.5 picocuries/liter (pCi/l) were found in homes in the eastern United States. Radon is present in all homes, and even in outdoor air, because it is a gaseous decay product of radium naturally present in the soil. Since even an average indoor exposure to radon's own decay products-isotopes of polonium, bismuth, and lead-was estimated to cause a 0.1 to 1% risk of lung cancer, depending on whether one smoked, these high levels sounded an immediate alarm. By the mid-1980s, scientists had already proven that indoor radon levels 10 to 100 times the average-an unacceptable amount-occurred in homes in

12

Retrospective determination of radon in houses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Indoor exposure to decay products of radon (222Rn) contributes the largest fraction of natural radiation dose to people living in subarctic ... of natural radiation dose to people living in subarctic or temperate regions of the world. Radon is an inert and radioactive gas in the natural decay series that commences with 238U ...

Christer Samuelsson

1988-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

13

Radon reduction and radon monitoring in the NEMO experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Abstract: The first data of the NEMO 3 neutrinoless double beta decay experiment have shown that the radon in the LSM (Laboratoire Souterrain de Modane, depth of 4800 m w.e.), investigates the neutrinoless double beta decay (20) of various nuclei [1]. The observation of such a process will give us fundamental

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

14

Ris-R-1201(EN) Radon Transport Modelling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in atmospheric pressure. It can also be used for flux calculations of radon from the soil surface or to model of soil gas and combined generation, radioactive decay, diffusion and advection of radon can be solved. Moisture is included in the model, and partitioning of radon between air, water and soil grains (adsorption

15

Radon emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... SIR,-Wendy Barnaby (August 28) writes on the problem of radon emission from the tailings of uranium milling in Sweden. This problem would arise from ... that has to be treated. She describes Professor Robert O. Pohl's report that "radon can escape more easily from the broken ground of a mine than from an undisturbed ...

SVEN-ERIC BRUNNSJO

1975-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

16

Radon activity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... EXPOSURE to large quantities of radioactive radon gas in the home is associated with a high frequency of mutations in a gene ... controversial idea that leukaemia is more prevalent in countries where the average indoor concentration of radon is high. The blood samples were taken from 20 non-smoking adults from the ...

1991-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

17

Safe as houses? The risks of radon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... general lack of public concern about the health risks caused by the natural radioactive gas radon is one of the odder features of modern life. Whatever the reasons for that ... it deals with other alpha emitters, ingested rather than inhaled, as well as with radon and its short-lived decay products. These other alpha emitters will usually be found ...

John Fremlin

1988-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

18

Radon Concern in the Hickory Aquifer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radon ConcernStory by Amanda Crawford tx H2O | pg. 20 As the primary water source for Mason,Concho, McCulloch, San Saba, Menard, Kimble, and Gillespie counties in Central Texas, the threat of elevated radionuclide concentra- tions... in the Hickory Aquifer's groundwater poses health risks for residents in the area. Radon is a natural, radioactive gas that may be found indoors in air or drinking water. Radon is the decay product of radium, so radon indi- rectly reflects the presence...

Crawford, Amanda

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Radon Training for Professionals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's International Radon Project, EPA, states, Canadian provinces, tribal nations, partner Regional Radon Training University. · MURC is widely respected as an international leader in radon training. · Your course is fromRadon Training for Professionals 2008-2009 www.cce.umn.edu/radon Regional Radon Training Center

Netoff, Theoden

20

It's Elemental - Isotopes of the Element Radon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Astatine Astatine Previous Element (Astatine) The Periodic Table of Elements Next Element (Francium) Francium Isotopes of the Element Radon [Click for Main Data] Most of the isotope data on this site has been obtained from the National Nuclear Data Center. Please visit their site for more information. Naturally Occurring Isotopes Radon has no naturally occurring isotopes. Known Isotopes Mass Number Half-life Decay Mode Branching Percentage 193 1.15 milliseconds Alpha Decay 100.00% 194 0.78 milliseconds Alpha Decay 100.00% 195 6 milliseconds Alpha Decay 100.00% 195m 5 milliseconds Alpha Decay 100.00% 196 4.4 milliseconds Alpha Decay 99.90% Electron Capture ~ 0.10% 197 53 milliseconds Alpha Decay 100.00% 197m 25 milliseconds Alpha Decay 100.00% 198 65 milliseconds Alpha Decay No Data Available

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Determination of Airborne Fission Product Radioactivity using Gamma-Ray Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... portion thereof by means of an end-window Geiger-Miiller counter or other suitable detector. Radon and thoron along with their radioactive daughter products are universally present in surface air in ... determine airborne fission product radioactivity it is necessary to differentiate it from that arising from radon and thoron daughters. The concentration of ...

P. F. GUSTAFSON; S. S. BRAR; U. C. MISHRA

1962-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

22

Radiation and Radon from Natural Stone May 7, 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiation and Radon from Natural Stone May 7, 2008 W.J. Llope Rice University, Houston, TX 77005 is "radiation" and the other is "radon." Radioactive elements, by their very nature, seek stability by decaying the outside and cause damage to cells and DNA, potentially causing cancer. Also, naturally occurring Uranium

Llope, William J.

23

Relation of Radon to Non-active Air Contamination  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Identification of the activity as radon products was obtained by tracing the decay through periods longer than two hours, and ... transmitted to that of a clean filter paper by a photoelectric densitometer. Although variations in radon over this period were considerably less (under a 20 to 1 maximum) than instances ...

C. D. THOMAS; M. K. GAINER; T. W. BALL

1955-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

24

Radon-222 Daughter Concentrations in Uranium Mine Atmospheres  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... undertaken to measure the concentrations of 210Pb and 210Po in uranium mine atmospheres at various radon daughter concentration levels, and to determine the amount of 210Pb in the mine atmosphere ... atmosphere relative to that which would be produced from the decay of the short-lived radon daughters deposited in the lungs. Radium-226 was also measured in air so as ...

RICHARD L. BLANCHARD

1969-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

25

Radon in Homes: Recent Developments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Radon in Homes: Recent Developments ... This report gives an update on current developments regarding the issue of radon in homes. ...

Charles H. Atwood

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Radon-222 progeny surface deposition and resuspension - residential materials  

SciTech Connect

In evaluating the hazards from indoor {sup 222}Rn, it is imperative that the behavior of the four short-lived particulate progeny are fully understood since they are the radioisotopes that deliver most of the radiobiological damage to occupants. One known characteristic of these radon progeny is that they deposit (plate out) onto macroscopic surfaces. Some of these plated-out atoms become resuspended when they disintegrate and decay to the next progeny, in particular, {sup 218}Po. Both of these mechanisms, plateout and resuspension, affect the airborne population of the individual daughters and their impact on the radiation energy delivered to the human respiratory system. There are two specific and separate areas of concern, One is that monitoring {sup 222} Rn levels alone, such as with charcoal canisters, is obviously not sufficient to determine the radiation dose since the daughters are never in absolute equilibrium with {sup 222}Rn. Further, from an internal dose standpoint, the {open_quotes}unattached{close_quotes} fraction (free ions) of the daughters are believed, by virtue of their deeper tissue depositions in the tracheo-bronchial tract, to deliver the greatest dose in the body. Currently, there are virtually no data on the measurements of both plateout rates and resuspension factors for specific individual residential material surfaces. This report presents experimental data of plateout rates in an indoor house for typical indoor materials. Results of measurements of resuspension factors for some of the materials are provided.

Leonard, B.E.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

27

Radon in Syrian houses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A nationwide investigation of radon levels in Syrian houses was carried out during the period 1991 - 1993. Passive radon diffusion dosemeters using polycarbonate detectors were distributed in houses all over Syria. Detectors were subjected to electrochemical etching to reveal latent tracks of alpha particles. The mean radon concentration in Syrian houses was found to be with some values several times higher. This investigation indicated that there were a few houses in Syria that require remedial action. Most houses that have high levels of radon were found in the southern area, especially in the Damascus governorate. The study also indicated that radon concentrations were higher in old houses built from mud with no tiling.

I Othman; M Hushari; G Raja; A Alsawaf

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Home Safety: Radon Gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Every home should be tested for radon, an invisible, odorless, radioactive gas that occurs naturally. This publication explains the health risks, testing methods, and mitigation and reduction techniques....

Shaw, Bryan W.; Denny, Monica L.

1999-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

29

Leukaemia risks and radon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... SIR - A correlation has been established between domestic radon exposure and mutation in peripheral T lymphocytes1. Some caution must be exercised, however, ... result

SIMON P. WOLFF

1991-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

30

Radon scare doubted  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... University of Bristol claim, in last week's issue of the Lancet, that radioactive radon gas seeping into buildings may cause leukaemia and several other cancers. The team, led ... other cancers. The team, led by Denis Henshaw, correlated leukaemia records with average indoor radon concentrations across 14 countries. They believe that ...

Peter Aldhous

1990-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

31

Risk of radon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... 98) considered the individual lung cancer risk to the general population from indoor exposure to radon-222 and concluded that a current upper estimate is 10"4 per lifetime per working ... estimate, a further potentially major consideration was not included. The general background effect of radon was assessed by identifying lung cancer rates before cigarette smoking became popular. Those rates ...

ROBERT L. FLEISCHER

1981-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

32

Little danger from radon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the potential alpha energy in air from any combination of the short-lived daughters of radon. 1 WL = 1.3 ? 10" MeV nT3). A recent survey ( ... Biol 23, 696-711; 1978) estimated that the average population exposure rate domestically to radon daughters for Great Britain is about 0.15 WLM per year.

K. D. CLIFF; B. L. DAVIES; J. A. REISSLAND

1979-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

33

Ionisation Potential of Radon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... WE have determined the ionisation potential of radon, using the well-known method,1 due to Hertz, of compensation of the negative ... xenon and krypton: it was found to be 2.6 volts. The quantity of radon used in different experiments was of the order of 300 millicuries. The volume of ...

F. HOLWECK; L. WERTENSTEIN

1930-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

34

Radon to predict earthquakes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... , at least in the West, is the apparently premonitory change in the emission of radon. In a brief conference abstract King (Eos, 56, 1019; 1975) recently reported ... conference abstract King (Eos, 56, 1019; 1975) recently reported that monitoring of the radon concentration in soil gas was begun in May 1975 at 18 sites along an active ...

Peter J. Smith

1976-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

35

Concentrations of Radon-222 in Coal Mines in England and Scotland  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... in each mine and then taken to the Radiological Protection Service laboratory for content of radon to be measured. The sample was transferred to a vessel containing a zinc sulphide ... vessel containing a zinc sulphide screen held at a negative potential. The decay of the radon atoms produces positively charged radium-A atoms which are attracted to the screen, and ...

M. J. DUGGAN; D. M. HOWELL; P. J. SOILLEUX

1968-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

36

Radon-222 Emanation and the High Apparent Lead Isotope Ages in Lunar Dust  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... 232Th decay chains may be a significant mechanism for a partial redistribution of the post-radon lead daughters. Kraner2 suggested that there may be an alpha-emitting radioactive deposit on ... radioactive deposit on the lunar surface as a result of the decay in space of radon isotopes which might diffuse out of lunar surface material. Turkevich3 reported evidence for such ...

J. A. S. ADAMS; PAULO M. BARRETTO; RONALD B. CLARK; JOE S. DUVAL

1971-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

37

Construction and measurements of a vacuum-swing-adsorption radon-mitigation system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Long-lived alpha and beta emitters in the $^{222}$Rn decay chain on (and near) detector surfaces may be the limiting background in many experiments attempting to detect dark matter or neutrinoless double-beta decay, and in screening detectors. In order to reduce backgrounds from radon-daughter plate-out onto the wires of the BetaCage during its assembly, an ultra-low-radon cleanroom is being commissioned at Syracuse University using a vacuum-swing-adsorption radon-mitigation system. The radon filter shows ~20$\\times$ reduction at its output, from 7.47$\\pm$0.56 to 0.37$\\pm$0.12 Bq/m$^3$, and the cleanroom radon activity meets project requirements, with a lowest achieved value consistent with that of the filter, and levels consistently < 2 Bq/m$^3$.

R. W. Schnee; R. Bunker; G. Ghulam; D. Jardin; M. Kos; A. S. Tenney

2014-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

38

Czech primary radon measurement equipment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......radium needles in a depleted uranium shielding are used...for radon. Environ. Health. Perspect. (1991...exposure to Rn daughters. Health. Phys. (1998) 54...al. Radon and public health, report of the independent......

Ivo Burian; Petr Otahal; Josef Vosahlik; Eliska Pilecka

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

ORNL-5489 Radon and Radon Daughter  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

_._-l"." _._-l"." .-_ "...",.,~~-- ORNL-5489 Radon and Radon Daughter Measurements at and near the Former Middlesex Sampling Plant, Middlesex, New Jersey F. F. Haywood P. T. Perdue D. J . Chris tian R. W . Leggett H. W . Dickson T. E. Myric k ,--___ . . . ^.. Printed in the United States of America. Available from National Technical information Service US. Department of Commerce 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, Virginia 22161 NTIS price codes-Printed Copy: A04 Microfiche A01 This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United StatesGovernment. Neither theU nited States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or

40

Radon programmes and health marketing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......possible way is to employ health marketing that draws...INTRODUCTION Being aware of health effects of the exposure...people that radon is dangerous. Generally, people...radon could not be so dangerous. Table-1. Risk perception...stronger evidence of radon health effects(4) WHO draws......

Ivana Fojtikova; Katerina Rovenska

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

MSIV leakage airborne iodine transport  

SciTech Connect

Gaseous iodine deposits on surfaces exposed to vapors. Basic chemical and physical principles predict this behavior, and several laboratory and in-plant measurements demonstrate the characteristic. An empirical model was developed that describes the deposition, resuspension, and transformation of airborne radioiodine molecular species as a stream containing these forms moves along its pathway. The model uses a data base of measured values of deposition and resuspension rates in its application and describes the conversion of the more reactive inorganic iodine species I[sub 2] to the less reactive organic species CH[sub 3]I as the iodine deposits and resuspends along the path. It also considers radioactive decay and chemical surface bonding during residence on surfaces. For the 8-day [sup 131]I, decay during the airborne portion of the transport is negligible. Verification of the model included measurement tests of long gaseous-activity sampling lines of different diameters, operated at different flow rates and stream temperatures. The model was applied to the streams at a boiling water reactor nuclear power plant to describe the transport through leaking main steam isolation valves (MSIVs), following a loss-of-coolant accident.

Cline, J.E. (Cline Associates Inc., Rockville, MD (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Radon: a bibliography  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, with the support of the Department of Energy, has developed a computerized database to manage research information in the area of building ventilation and indoor air quality. This literature survey contains references pertaining to the physical properties of radon and its daughters, instrumentation for their measurement, health effects, surveys and measurements, and regulatory information. The references in the bibliography are sequenced in alphabetical order and abstracts are included when supplied by the author. The objective of this report is to disseminate the bibliographic references compiled at the laboratory relating to radon research portion of the program. Interested database users are encouraged to contact the laboratory to receive instructions for direct database acess. A flyer describing the database is supplied at the end of the bibliography and a brief overview of the Radon Research porgram is given.

Lepman, S.R.; Boegel, M.L.; Hollowell, C.D.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Invited Article: Radon and thoron intercomparison experiments for integrated monitors at NIRS, Japan  

SciTech Connect

Inhalation of radon ({sup 222}Rn) and its short-lived decay products and of products of the thoron ({sup 220}Rn) series accounts for more than half of the effective dose from natural radiation sources. At this time, many countries have begun large-scale radon and thoron surveys and many different measurement methods and instruments are used in these studies. Consequently, it is necessary to improve and standardize technical methods of measurements and to verify quality assurance by intercomparisons between laboratories. Four international intercomparisons for passive integrating radon and thoron monitors were conducted at the NIRS (National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Japan). Radon exercises were carried out in the 24.4 m{sup 3} inner volume walk-in radon chamber that has systems to control radon concentration, temperature, and humidity. Moreover, the NIRS thoron chamber with a 150 dm{sup 3} inner volume was utilized to provide three thoron intercomparisons. At present, the NIRS is the only laboratory world-wide that has carried out periodic thoron intercomparison of passive monitors. Fifty laboratories from 26 countries participated in the radon intercomparison, using six types of detectors (charcoal, CR-39, LR 115, polycarbonate film, electret plate, and silicon photodiode). Eighteen laboratories from 12 countries participated in the thoron intercomparisons, using two etch-track types (CR-39 and polycarbonate) detectors. The tests were made under one to three different exposures to radon and thoron. The data presented in this paper indicated that the performance quality of laboratories for radon measurement has been gradually increasing. Results of thoron exercises showed that the quality for thoron measurements still needs further development and additional studies are needed to improve its measuring methods. The present paper provides a summary of all radon and thoron international intercomparisons done at NIRS from 2007 to date and it describes the present status on radon and thoron passive, one-time cycle monitors.

Janik, M., E-mail: mirek@fml.nirs.go.jp; Ishikawa, T.; Omori, Y.; Kavasi, N. [National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage, 263-8555 Chiba (Japan)] [National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage, 263-8555 Chiba (Japan)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

44

EPA urges testing of homes for radon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

EPA urges testing of homes for radon ... The action was based on cooperative surveys of home radon levels conducted by EPA and 17 states. ...

DAVID HANSON

1988-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

45

How to live with radon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... hundred is from fumes, falls or fires. If potential deaths from indoor exposure to radon are included, home seems even less a haven. Participants at a recent meeting* ... included, home seems even less a haven. Participants at a recent meeting* agreed that radon is the most serious cause of human irradiation, attempted to quantify the consequences for ...

Michael O'Riordan

1988-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

46

Do radon anomalies predict earthquakes?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE discovery that the radon content of groundwater in a deep well increased significantly before the magnitude 5.3 Tashkent ... prompted many research groups in the USSR, China, Japan and the US to monitor radon levels in wells and springs in earthquake-prone zones. Many ...

Chi-Yu King

1981-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

47

Thoron detection with an active Radon exposure meterFirst results  

SciTech Connect

For state-of-the-art discrimination of Radon and Thoron several measurement techniques can be used, such as active sampling, electrostatic collection, delayed coincidence method, and alpha-particle-spectroscopy. However, most of the devices available are bulky and show high power consumption, rendering them unfeasible for personal exposition monitoring. Based on a Radon exposure meter previously realized at the Helmholtz Center Munich (HMGU), a new electronic prototype for Radon/Thoron monitoring is currently being developed, which features small size and weight. Operating with pin-diode detectors, the low-power passive-sampling device can be used for continuous concentration measurements, employing alpha-particle-spectroscopy and coincidence event registration to distinguish decays originating either from Radon or Thoron isotopes and their decay products. In open geometry, preliminary calibration measurements suggest that one count per hour is produced by a 11?Bq?m{sup ?3} Radon atmosphere or by a 15?Bq?m{sup ?3} Thoron atmosphere. Future efforts will concentrate on measurements in mixed Radon/Thoron atmospheres.

Irlinger, J., E-mail: josef.irlinger@helmholtz-muenchen.de; Wielunski, M.; Rhm, W. [ISS, Helmholtz Center Munich, Research Center for Environment and Health, 85764 Neuherberg (Germany)] [ISS, Helmholtz Center Munich, Research Center for Environment and Health, 85764 Neuherberg (Germany)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

48

Chemical Methods for Removing Radon and Radon Daughters from Air  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...OF LUNG CANCER AMONG URANIUM MINERS, HEALTH PHYSICS 16 : 563 ( 1969...OF MINERS TO RADON, HEALTH PHYSICS 16 : 547 ( 1969...E., MORTALITY OF URANIUM MINERS IN RELATION TO...THROUGH SEPTEMBER 1967, HEALTH PHYSICS 16 : 571 ( 1969...

Lawrence Stein

1972-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

49

Classifying Airborne Particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Considering the selective Rayleigh light scattering behaviour by small particles, this study adopts a new technique to classify nano-scale airborne particles with colour histogram features. Noise was generated using scattered light by five different ... Keywords: Particle classification, Rayleigh scattering, noise histogram, histogram maximum value index

Kapila K. Pahalawatta; Richard Green

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Radon - HPMC Occupational Health Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Awareness Cold and Flu Prevention Hand Washing Healthy Sleep Heat Stress Radon Signs of a Heart Attack Signs of a Stroke Distracted Driving Coping with Stress & Change Skin Cancer...

51

Radon Content of the Atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... preliminary work. The absence of levels of a higher order suggests that the contribution of radon from this source does not represent a significant addition to the total atmospheric level. ... Domestic 0.70

W. ANDERSON; R. C. TURNER

1956-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

52

Radon programmes and health marketing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......programmes and projects Radon programmes and health marketing Ivana Fojtikova * Katerina Rovenska * Corresponding...basis? One possible way is to employ health marketing that draws together traditional marketing theories and science-based strategies to......

Ivana Fojtikova; Katerina Rovenska

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Radon Content of the Air  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... namely, 0.009 and 0.018 micron. Hence it is not surprising that the radon values for the atmosphere as deduced from the filter paper method are too low. ... Bartholomew s Hospital in London a mean value of 0.94 x 10-16 curie radon/ml., and for May of the same year 0.28 x 10-16 curie ...

F. B?HOUNEK; M. MAJEROV

1956-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

54

Development of radon sources with a high stability and a wide range  

SciTech Connect

A solid {sup 222}Rn (radon) source using a fibrous and porous SiC ceramic disk was developed. The emission rate of radon emanated from the disk depended on the content of {sup 226}Ra and the sintering temperature. A {sup 226}Ra sulfate ({sup 226}RaSO{sub 4}) solution was dropped on a fibrous SiC ceramic disk (33 mm?) of 1 mm in thickness, and sintered at 400 C. The radon concentration from a disk containing {sup 226}Ra of 1.85 MBq was measured to be 38 kBq m{sup ?3} at a carrier airflow rate of 0.5 L min{sup ?1}. By adjusting the {sup 226}Ra content or the sweep airflow rate, the radon concentrations were easily controlled over a wide range of over three orders of magnitude. The concentration was very stable for a long term. The compactness of the source disk made is easy for handling the source container and the shielding of gamma radiation from {sup 226}Ra and its decay products. Such advantages in a radon generation system are desirable for experiments of high-level, large-scale radon exposure.

Fukutsu, K.; Yamada, Y. [National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4-9-1, Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan)] [National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4-9-1, Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

55

Optical Airborne Particle Counter Operation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For most cleanroom airborne particle measurements, an optical single particle ... or surrogates of the product or of the cleanroom environment. The last procedure is used to...

Alvin Lieberman

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Airborne Observations of Natural Radioactivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... al. on cosmic rays; (2) the results of the direct determination of the radon content of free atmosphere at different altitudes made as early as 1928 by Wigand and ... in a series of airplane measurements:

F. B?HOUNEK

1966-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

57

Simulation of Radon Transport in Geothermal Reservoirs  

SciTech Connect

Numerical simulation of radon transport is a useful adjunct in the study of radon as an in situ tracer of hydrodynamic and thermodynamic numerical model has been developed to assist in the interpretation of field experiments. The model simulates transient response of radon concentration in wellhead geofluid as a function of prevailing reservoir conditions. The radon simulation model has been used to simulate radon concentration response during production drawdown and two flowrate transient tests in vapor-dominated systems. Comparison of model simulation with experimental data from field tests provides insight in the analysis of reservoir phenomena such as propagation of boiling fronts, and estimates of reservoir properties of porosity and permeability thickness.

Semprini, Lewis; Kruger, Paul

1983-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

58

Characterizing the source of radon indoors  

SciTech Connect

Average indoor radon concentrations range over more than two orders of magnitude, largely because of variability in the rate at which radon enters from building materials, soil, and water supplies. Determining the indoor source magnitude requires knowledge of the generation of radon in source materials, its movement within materials by diffusion and convection, and the means of its entry into buildings. This paper reviews the state of understanding of indoor radon sources and transport. Our understanding of generation rates in and movement through building materials is relatively complete and indicates that, except for materials with unusually high radionuclide contents, these sources can account for observed indoor radon concentrations only at the low end of the range observed. Our understanding of how radon enters buildings from surrounding soil is poorer, however recent experimental and theoretical studies suggest that soil may be the predominant source in many cases where the indoor radon concentration is high. 73 references, 3 figures, 1 table.

Nero, A.V.; Nazaroff, W.W.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Airborne electromagnetic surveys as a reconnaissance technique...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Airborne electromagnetic surveys as a reconnaissance technique for geothermal exploration Abstract INPUT airborne electromagnetic (AEM) surveys were conducted during 1979 in five...

60

Radon Progeny as a experimental tool for dosimetry of nanoaerosols  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radon Progeny as a experimental tool for dosimetry of nanoaerosols Radon Progeny as a experimental tool for dosimetry of nanoaerosols Title Radon Progeny as a experimental tool for dosimetry of nanoaerosols Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-117E Year of Publication 2009 Authors Ruzer, Lev S., and Michael G. Apte Journal Radiation Biology. Radioecology (Russian) Volume 49 Start Page Chapter Issue 3 Pagination 395-404 Other Numbers LBNL-117E Abstract The study of aerosol exposure and dosimetry measurements and related quantitation of health effects are important to the understanding of the consequences of air pollution, and are discussed widely in the scientific literature. During the last 10 years the need to correlate aerosol exposure and biological effects has become especially important due to rapid development of a new, revolutionary industry - nanotechnology. Nanoproduct commerce is predicted to top $1 trillion by 2015. Quantitative assessment of aerosol particle behavior in air and in lung deposition, and dosimetry in different parts of the lung, particularly for nanoaerosols, remains poor despite several decades of study. Direct measurements on humans are still needed in order to validate the hollow cast, animal studies, and lung deposition modeling. We discuss here the use of nanoscale radon decay products as an experimental tool in the study of local deposition and lung dosimetry for nanoaerosols. The issue of the safe use of radon progeny in such measurements is discussed based on a comparison of measured exposure in 3 settings: general population, miners, and in a human experiment conducted at the Paul Scherer Institute (PSI) in Switzerland. One of the properties of radon progeny is that they consist partly of 1 nm radioactive particles called unattached activity; having extremely small size and high diffusion coefficients, these particles can be potentially useful as radioactive tracers in the study of nanometer-sized aerosols. We present a theoretical and experimental study of the correlation between the unattached activity and aerosol particle surface area, together with a description of its calibration and method for measurement of the unattached fraction

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Unattached radon progeny as an experimental tool for dosimetry of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Unattached radon progeny as an experimental tool for dosimetry of Unattached radon progeny as an experimental tool for dosimetry of nanoaerosols: Proposed method and research strategy Title Unattached radon progeny as an experimental tool for dosimetry of nanoaerosols: Proposed method and research strategy Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-117E Year of Publication 2010 Authors Ruzer, Lev S., and Michael G. Apte Journal Inhalation Toxicology Volume 22 Pagination 760-766 Abstract The study of aerosol exposure and dosimetry measurements and related quantitation of health effects are important to the understanding of the consequences of air pollution, and are discussed widely in the scientific literature. During the last 10 years the need to correlate aerosol exposure and biological effects has become especially important due to rapid development of a new, revolutionary industry - nanotechnology. Nanoproduct commerce is predicted to top $1 trillion by 2015. Quantitative assessment of aerosol particle behavior in air and in lung deposition, and dosimetry in different parts of the lung, particularly for nanoaerosols, remains poor despite several decades of study. Direct measurements on humans are still needed in order to validate the hollow cast, animal studies, and lung deposition modeling. We discuss here the use of nanoscale radon decay products as an experimental tool in the study of local deposition and lung dosimetry for nanoaerosols. The issue of the safe use of radon progeny in such measurements is discussed based on a comparison of measured exposure in 3 settings: general population, miners, and in a human experiment conducted at the Paul Scherer Institute (PSI) in Switzerland. One of the properties of radon progeny is that they consist partly of 1 nm radioactive particles called unattached activity; having extremely small size and high diffusion coefficients, these particles can be potentially useful as radioactive tracers in the study of nanometer-sized aerosols. We present a theoretical and experimental study of the correlation between the unattached activity and aerosol particle surface area, together with a description of its calibration and method for measurement of the unattached fraction

62

Radon programme: presence and future  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......basement and ground floor, one-third...house, subsoil water level, construction...provide subsidy for remediation. The radon issue...protection) and remediation of existing exposure...providers of water are enforced...material and water at the market...to 4000) for remediation. The system......

J. Hulka

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Indoor radon: the deadliest pollutant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...chance to seep from the ground into homes in lethal...outdoor air, drinking water, and food (hatched...The most effective remediation approach is to reverse...a prominent radon remediation con-sultant in Mississauga...operator graded the ground before the basement...

RA Kerr

1988-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

64

Radon remediation and prevention status in 23 European countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......mostly occurs at home. Existing...moreover, the average radon concentration...potential impact on energy consumption (qualitative...potential impact on energy consumption are not addressed...the national average radon concentration...Radon in homes and risk of......

O. Holmgren; H. Arvela; B. Collignan; M. Jirnek; W. Ringer

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Radon and Lung Cancer in the American Cancer Society Cohort  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Porstendorfer J , Reineking A.Radon: characteristics in...conversion coefficients for radon progeny for different...Epidemiology Reanalysis Project.Cambridge, MA:Health...Health Organization.International classification of diseases...gov/IEP/high-radon/files.html . 24...

Michelle C. Turner; Daniel Krewski; Yue Chen; C. Arden Pope III; Susan Gapstur; and Michael J. Thun

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Modeling for Airborne Contamination  

SciTech Connect

The objective of Modeling for Airborne Contamination (referred to from now on as ''this report'') is to provide a documented methodology, along with supporting information, for estimating the release, transport, and assessment of dose to workers from airborne radioactive contaminants within the Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR) subsurface during the pre-closure period. Specifically, this report provides engineers and scientists with methodologies for estimating how concentrations of contaminants might be distributed in the air and on the drift surfaces if released from waste packages inside the repository. This report also provides dose conversion factors for inhalation, air submersion, and ground exposure pathways used to derive doses to potentially exposed subsurface workers. The scope of this report is limited to radiological contaminants (particulate, volatile and gaseous) resulting from waste package leaks (if any) and surface contamination and their transport processes. Neutron activation of air, dust in the air and the rock walls of the drift during the preclosure time is not considered within the scope of this report. Any neutrons causing such activation are not themselves considered to be ''contaminants'' released from the waste package. This report: (1) Documents mathematical models and model parameters for evaluating airborne contaminant transport within the MGR subsurface; and (2) Provides tables of dose conversion factors for inhalation, air submersion, and ground exposure pathways for important radionuclides. The dose conversion factors for air submersion and ground exposure pathways are further limited to drift diameters of 7.62 m and 5.5 m, corresponding to the main and emplacement drifts, respectively. If the final repository design significantly deviates from these drift dimensions, the results in this report may require revision. The dose conversion factors are further derived by using concrete of sufficient thickness to simulate the drift walls. The gamma-ray scattering properties of concrete are sufficiently similar to those of the host rock and proposed insert material; use of concrete will have no significant impact on the conclusions. The information in this report is presented primarily for use in performing pre-closure radiological safety evaluations of radiological contaminants, but it may also be used to develop strategies for contaminant leak detection and monitoring in the MGR. Included in this report are the methods for determining the source terms and release fractions, and mathematical models and model parameters for contaminant transport and distribution within the repository. Various particle behavior mechanisms that affect the transport of contaminant are included. These particle behavior mechanisms include diffusion, settling, resuspension, agglomeration and other deposition mechanisms.

F.R. Faillace; Y. Yuan

2000-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

67

Model for the transport of airborne radioiodine  

SciTech Connect

Gaseous iodine deposits on surfaces exposed to the vapors. The industry has observed gaseous iodine transport behavior for years, and groups have proposed models describing the phenomena with limited success. The transport models attempt to describe the complicated chemical processes in terms of empirical rate constants. The current model, also empirical, treats deposition, conversion, and resuspension along a path of short segments where the assumption of instantaneous and homogeneous mixing is adequate, passing on the results as input to the next segment. The number of segments depends on line and flow parameters and can be as many as 100,000 for a long, large-diameter pipe with low flow. It includes a chemical bonding reaction rate to iodine deposited on the surface. The model has five compartments in each segment: concentrations of the three airborne iodine species, surface activity available for resuspension, and reacted surface iodine that is fixed on the surface. All iodine in the segment undergoes radioactive decay. The calculation divides the time period into small time division, typically 100, where the assumption of instantaneous equilibrium is applicable. The model initially developed by Science Applications International describes deposition, resuspension, and conversion of iodine in four differential equations that describe, respectively, airborne elemental, HOI and organic, and surface activities.

Cline, J.E.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Radon in Soil Gas Above Bedrock Fracture Sets at the Shepleys Hill Superfund Site  

SciTech Connect

The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) recently provided technical support for ongoing environmental remediation activities at the Shepleys Hill remediation site near Devens, MA (Figure 1). The technical support was requested as follow-on work to an initial screening level radiation survey conducted in 2008. The purpose of the original study was to assess the efficacy of the INL-developed Backpack Sodium Iodide System (BaSIS) for detecting elevated areas of natural radioactivity due to the decay of radon-222 gases emanating from the underlying fracture sets. Although the results from the initial study were mixed, the BaSIS radiation surveys did confirm that exposed bedrock outcrops have higher natural radioactivity than the surficial soils, thus a high potential for detecting elevated levels of radon and/or radon daughter products. (INL 2009) The short count times associated with the BaSIS measurements limited the ability of the system to respond to elevated levels of radioactivity from a subsurface source, in this instance radon gas emanating from fracture sets. Thus, it was postulated that a different methodology be employed to directly detect the radon in the soil gases. The CR-39 particle track detectors were investigated through an extensive literature and technology search. The relatively long deployment or detection time of several days, as well as the sensitivity of the measurement and robustness of the detectors made the CR-39 technology promising for deployment at the Shepleys Hill site.

J.R. Giles; T.L. McLing; M.V. Carpenter; C.J. Smith; W. Brandon

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Airborne Wind Turbine  

SciTech Connect

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: Makani Power is developing an Airborne Wind Turbine (AWT) that eliminates 90% of the mass of a conventional wind turbine and accesses a stronger, more consistent wind at altitudes of near 1,000 feet. At these altitudes, 85% of the country can offer viable wind resources compared to only 15% accessible with current technology. Additionally, the Makani Power wing can be economically deployed in deep offshore waters, opening up a resource which is 4 times greater than the entire U.S. electrical generation capacity. Makani Power has demonstrated the core technology, including autonomous launch, land, and power generation with an 8 meter wingspan, 20 kW prototype. At commercial scale, Makani Power aims to develop a 600 kW, 28 meter wingspan product capable of delivering energy at an unsubsidized cost competitive with coal, the current benchmark for low-cost power.

None

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

SWOT analysis of the Czech Radon programme  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......raising radon awareness and risk perception among the...3). To avoid this risk, new solutions and new...government departments (political subsidy), cooperation...underestimate the radon risk The positive influence...Low concern of banks, insurance companies and real estate......

I. Fojtkov

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

An overview of Ireland's National Radon Policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......for radon in drinking water of 500 Bq m3 and 1000 Bq m3 for public and private water supplies, respectively...the duty of care that a water supplier has towards...carried out in 38 531 ground floor classrooms and...extensive and successful remediation programme to reduce radon......

S. Long; D. Fenton

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Measurement of Radon in Soil Gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... CONCENTRATIONS of the order of 100,000-1,000,000 pc. radon/m3 are found in the gases trapped in common soils and rock1. The estimation ... m3 are found in the gases trapped in common soils and rock1. The estimation of radon in the soil gas and the free atmosphere has been suggested as a tool for ...

K. G. VOHRA; M. C. SUBBARAMU; A. M. MOHAN RAO

1964-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

73

Concentration of Atmospheric Radon and Wind Direction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... in Lisbon, near the sea, is therefore excellent to test any probable relationship between radon concentration and wind directions since only half the possible wind directions are continental ones, ... since only half the possible wind directions are continental ones, therefore corresponding probably to higher radon concentrations. In order to study any correlation, the concentration of ...

F. BARREIRA

1961-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

74

The Radon Content of the Atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... MEASUREMENTS of the radon content of the atmosphere were made so long ago as 1905 by Eve1-2 in ... whole seemed to support the original suggestion of Elster and Geitel6 in 1903 that the radon in the atmosphere arises mainly from the soil. These workers noted that the highest ...

W. ANDERSON; W. V. MAYNEORD; R. C. TURNER

1954-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

75

Radon emanation on San Andreas Fault  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... RADON is constantly emanated from the Earth into its atmosphere, normally in minute amounts. ... is constantly emanated from the Earth into its atmosphere, normally in minute amounts. Radon emanation is known to be anomalously large on active faults and to show temporal variations ...

Chi-Yu King

1978-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

76

Earth science: Radon and rock deformation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... crustal deformation. This unproven category includes the well-documented precursory decrease and increase of radon concentration before the 1978 Izu-Oshima earthquake in Japan (Fig. 1), as well ... local electric field. Trique et al. now report that various phenomena bursts of radon gas, changes of electric potential, and departures of ground tilt from that predicted on ...

Evelyn Roeloffs

1999-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

77

Determination of Radon and Thoron in Air  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... A method for determination of radon favoured by the later investigators has been filtration of about 1 cubic metre of air ... of the activity found on the filter using a particle counter or ionization chamber ; radon passes through the filter and the short-lived activity observed is that of the four ...

G. B. COURTIER

1957-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

78

Radon and the risks of cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of April, Denis Henshaw and colleagues1 published their finding of significant correlations between average indoor radon levels in different countries and the incidence of leukaemia and other cancers in children, ... a similar correlation for prostatic cancer2. Significant regional correlations have also been reported between indoor radon and acute myeloid leukaemia in Britain3 and Canada1.

Julian Peto

1990-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

79

Effect of radon dose on cleanup criteria and using RESRAD for chemical risk assessment  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy has used RESRAD, a pathway analysis program developed at Argonne National Laboratory, in conjunction with the as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA) principle to develop site-specific residual radioactive material guidelines (cleanup criteria) for many sites. This study examines the effects of the radon pathway, recently added to the RESRAD program, on the calculation of uranium, radium, and thorium cleanup criteria. The results show that the derived uranium guidelines will not be affected by the radon ingrowth considerations. The effect of radon on radium and thorium generic guidelines is more significant, but the model does indicate that at the generic soil limits used for radium and thorium the indoor radon decay product concentrations would be below the 0.02 working level standard. This study also examines the feasibility of applying RESRAD to chemical risk assessment. The results show that RESRAD can perform risk assessment of toxic chemicals after simple modifications. Expansion of the RESRAD database to include chemical compounds will increase its capability to handle chemical risk assessments. 11 refs., 3 tabs.

Yu, C.; Cheng, J.-J. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Wallo, A. III (USDOE, Washington, DC (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

National Radon Contractor Proficiency (RCP) Program. Proficiency report, June 1991  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) efforts to address the indoor radon problem is to reduce radon levels in buildings throughout the country. Achieving the objective requires a nationwide supply of capable radon mitigation contractors. In the Indoor Radon Abatement Act of 1988, Congress authorized EPA to establish a program to evaluate radon mitigation contractors and to provide the information to the public in cooperation with the States. The Radon Contractor Proficiency (RCP) Program was developed to assist States, EPA Regions, local government officials, and the public in selecting contractors who have demonstrated their proficiency in reducing indoor radon levels. The program is managed by the EPA Office of Radiation Programs' Radon Division. Under the voluntary program, radon contractors demonstrate their proficiency by meeting specific Program requirements. Individual contractors who meet these requirements are then listed in periodic RCP Proficiency Reports.

Not Available

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Natural Airborne Radioactivity at Kjeller, Norway  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... During the last four months of 1957, radon concentrations have varied between about 30 and 1,100 X 10~18 c./cm. ... inversion and low temperature. In order to explain this effect, we suggest that considerable radon exhalation may be trapped in the cooled air which tends to follow the natural water ...

S. H. SMALL; A. LILLEGRAVEN; P. B. STOREB

1958-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

82

Generalised finite radon transform for N x N images  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper extends the domain of the finite radon transform (FRT) to apply to square arrays of arbitrary size. The FRT is a discrete formalism of the Radon transform that assumes the image is periodic over the finite array Z"N^2 and requires only arithmetic ... Keywords: Discrete projection, Discrete radon transform, Fourier slice theorem, Image representation

Andrew Kingston; Imants Svalbe

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Long-term measurements of thoron, its airborne progeny and radon in 205 dwellings in Ireland  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Radiological Sciences, Chiba, Japan Long-term (circa 3 months...Radiological Sciences (NIRS), Japan, whereas thoron gas concentrations...Sciences (NIRS), Chiba, Japan, and University College Dublin...in two phases. In Phase 1, households, in or around the major population......

J. McLaughlin; M. Murray; L. Currivan; D. Pollard; V. Smith; S. Tokonami; A. Sorimachi; M. Janik

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Geophex airborne unmanned survey system  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this effort is to design, construct, and evaluate a portable, remotely-piloted, airborne, geophysical survey system. This nonintrusive system will provide {open_quotes}stand-off{close_quotes} capability to conduct surveys and detect buried objects, structures, and conditions of interest at hazardous locations. This system permits two operators to rapidly conduct geophysical characterization of hazardous environmental sites. During a survey, the operators remain remote from, but within visual distance, of, the site. The sensor system never contacts the Earth, but can be positioned near the ground so that weak anomalies can be detected.

Won, I.J.; Taylor, D.W.A.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Geophex Airborne Unmanned Survey System  

SciTech Connect

Ground-based surveys place personnel at risk due to the proximity of buried unexploded ordnance (UXO) items or by exposure to radioactive materials and hazardous chemicals. The purpose of this effort is to design, construct, and evaluate a portable, remotely-piloted, airborne, geophysical survey system. This non-intrusive system will provide stand-off capability to conduct surveys and detect buried objects, structures, and conditions of interest at hazardous locations. During a survey, the operators remain remote from, but within visual distance of, the site. The sensor system never contacts the Earth, but can be positioned near the ground so that weak geophysical anomalies can be detected. The Geophex Airborne Unmanned Survey System (GAUSS) is designed to detect and locate small-scale anomalies at hazardous sites using magnetic and electromagnetic survey techniques. The system consists of a remotely-piloted, radio-controlled, model helicopter (RCH) with flight computer, light-weight geophysical sensors, an electronic positioning system, a data telemetry system, and a computer base-station. The report describes GAUSS and its test results.

Won, I.L.; Keiswetter, D.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

86

URANIUM MILL TAILINGS RADON FLUX CALCULATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at the Piñon Ridge Property in western Montrose County, Colorado. The Piñon Ridge Mill includesURANIUM MILL TAILINGS RADON FLUX CALCULATIONS PI?ON RIDGE PROJECT MONTROSE COUNTY, COLORADO Submitted To: Energy Fuels Resources Corporation 44 Union Boulevard, Suite 600 Lakewood, Colorado 80228

87

SWOT analysis of the Czech Radon programme  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the population in healthy housing Aggressive sales campaigns...Czech men in having their new house in good shape Builders underestimate...Davies M., Wilkinson P. Home energy efficiency and radon related risk of...in low energy and passive houses in Austria. (2012) RADPAR......

I. Fojtkov

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Residential radon remediation: performance over 17 years  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......covering about 1000 m2. Water drains into the basin...sub-slab ventilation remediation system installed, i...sub-slab ventilation remediation (Bq mSE). Measured...concentration with height above ground level. For example...had a sub-slab radon remediation system installed that......

Naomi H. Harley; Passaporn Chittaporn; Anthony Marsicano

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Radon in atmospheric studies: a review  

SciTech Connect

The distribution of the isotopes of radon in space and time, their physical characteristics, and their behavior in the dynamics of the atmosphere have presented challenges for many decades. /sup 220/Rn, /sup 222/Rn and their daughters furnish a unique set of tracers for the study of transport and mixing processes in the atmosphere. Appropriate applications of turbulent diffusion theory yield general agreement with measured profiles. Diurnal and seasonal variations follow patterns set by consideration of atmospheric stability. /sup 222/Rn has been used successfully in recent studies of nocturnal drainage winds and cumulus convection. Good results have been obtained using /sup 222/Rn and its long-lived /sup 210/Pb daughter as tracers in the study of continent-to-ocean and ocean-to-continent air mass trajectories, /sup 220/Rn (thoron) because of its short half-life of only 55 seconds has been used to measure turbulent diffusion within the first few meters of the earth's surface and to study the influence of meteorological variables on the rate of exhalation from the ground. Radon daughters attach readily to atmospheric particulate matter which makes it possible to study these aerosols with respect to size spectra, attachment characteristics, removal by gravitation and precipitation, and residence times in the troposphere. The importance of ionization by radon and its daughters in the lower atmosphere and its effect on atmospheric electrical parameters is well known. Knowledge of the mobility and other characteristics of radon daughter ions has led to applications in the study of atmospheric electrical environments under fair weather and thunderstorm conditions and in the formation of condensation nuclei. The availability of increasingly sophisticated analytical tools and atmospheric measurement systems can be expected to add much to our understanding of radon and its daughters as trace components of the atmospheric environment in the years ahead.

Wilkening, M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

An investigation into the knowledge and attitudes towards radon testing among residents in a high radon area  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge and attitudes of residents in the Castleisland area to radon. Castleisland in Co. Kerry was described as a high radon area following the discovery of a house in the area with radon levels 245 times that of the national reference level. Residents in this area were then asked to measure their homes for radon in the Castleisland radon survey. The uptake of this measurement was 17%. In order to investigate this response rate further, a questionnaire was designed and distributed to residents in the Castleisland area. This questionnaire measured the testing history of the participants, the reasons for testing/not testing, the factors important to them when considering having their home tested, radon knowledge and finally intentions to measure their home for radon. It was found that the main reason people do not test their home for radon is that they believe their home does not have a problem. Optimistic bias was thought to play a role here. The subjective norm component of the theory of planned behaviour was found to have a significant independent contribution in the variation in intentions to measure one's home for radon and this in turn could be targeted to increase uptake of radon measurement in the future.

Susan Clifford; David Hevey; Gerard Menezes

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Ambient Radon-222 Monitoring in Amargosa Valley, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

As part of a program to characterize and baseline selected environmental parameters in the region around the proposed repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, ambient radon-222 monitoring was conducted in the rural community of Amargosa Valley, the community closest to the proposed repository site. Passive integrating radon monitors and a continuous radon monitoring instrument were deployed adjacent to the Community Environmental Monitoring Program (CEMP) (http://www.cemp.dri.edu/index.html) station located in the Amargosa Valley Community Center near the library. The CEMP station provided real-time ambient gamma exposure and meteorological data used to correct the integrated radon measurements as well as verify meteorological data collected by the continuous radon monitoring instrument. Additionally, different types of environmental enclosures that housed the monitors and instrument were used to determine if particular designs influenced the ambient radon measurements.

L.H. Karr; J.J. Tappen; D. Shafer; K.J. Gray

2008-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

92

High Radon Levels in Homes Spark Moves To Combat Pollutant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High Radon Levels in Homes Spark Moves To Combat Pollutant ... Federal, state agencies have initiated programs to monitor levels of this inert radioactive gas in homes in certain areas and work out control strategy ... Health care officials have been concerned about radon for more than 20 years, but public attention reached a new high recently with the discovery of high levels of radon inside homes in the New Jersey- Pennsylvania-New York area. ...

DAVID J. HANSON

1985-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

93

WHO network and international collaborative project on residential radon risk  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes WHO's project on assessment of health risks from residential radon exposure and development of an evidence base for guidelines and policies for Member States. The project will assess global burden of disease associated with in-door radon exposure and provide tools for risk communication on radon risks and mitigation procedures. The purpose of the paper is to draw attention and encourage participation of the international scientific community and national authorities to the new initiative of WHO.

Zhanat Carr; Michael Repacholi

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

SAFARI 2000 MODIS Airborne Simulator Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Airborne Simulator Data Airborne Simulator Data The ORNL DAAC announces the release of a new SAFARI 2000 data set. The data set "SAFARI 2000 MODIS Airborne Simulator Data, Southern Africa, Dry Season 2000" contains MODIS Airborne Simulator (MAS) multispectral data collected during the SAFARI 2000 project. Twenty flights with the MAS instrument were undertaken over Southern Africa by the NASA ER-2 aircraft during August and September 2000. The MAS spectrometer collects 50 multispectral bands at 16-bit resolution with a ground resolution of 50 meters from 20,000 meters altitude and a cross track scan width of 85.92 degrees. This data set is organized by flight, and each flight consists of several straight-line segments called tracks. There is a MAS multispectral data file for each track. The data are available in Hierarchical Data Format

95

Principles for Sampling Airborne Radioactivity from Stacks  

SciTech Connect

This book chapter describes the special processes involved in sampling the airborne effluents from nuclear faciities. The title of the book is Radioactive Air Sampling Methods. The abstract for this chapter was cleared as PNNL-SA-45941.

Glissmeyer, John A.

2010-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

96

Survey of airborne mold flora in Panama  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A survey of the airborne fungi was carried out for one year. Petri plates containing Sabouraud's medium were exposed, eight times monthly, at each of six collection sites. A total of 3306 colonies were recovered.

Robert L. Taylor; Archibald W. Mc Fadden

97

An Airborne APT Weather Satellite Imaging System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the development of a novel airborne system that receives a real-time imagery broadcast in the Automatic Picture Transmission (APT) format from polar-orbiting weather satellites. The availability of such real-time imagery ...

James E. Jordan; David L. Marcotte; G. W. K. Moore

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Applications of radon distribution and radon flux for the determination of oceanic mixing and air-sea gas exchange  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

APPLICATIONS OF RADON DISTRIBUTION AND RADON FLUX FOR THE DETERS 1INATION Ol OCEANIC IvfIXING AND AIR -SEA GAS EXCHA NGE A Thesis by ROBERT I. EWIS BREWER Submitted to the Graduate College oi T e xa s A '4 I'. 1 Univ c r s i ty in partial... luiiillment of the requirement for the degree of KIASTER OF SCIENCE May 1977 Major Subject: Oceanography APPLICATIONS OF RADON DIS TBIBUTION AND RADON FLUX FOR THE DETERMINATION OF OCEANIC MIXING A ND AIR ? SEA GAS EXCIdA NGE A Thesis by ROBERT LEWIS...

Brewer, Robert Lewis

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

99

B Decay  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Decay Decay B mesons are short-lived and decay inside the beam pipe, which is about 2.5 cm (1 inch) in diameter. Physicists project the tracks seen in the detector elements outside the beampipe back to where the particles must have traveled inside the beam pipe. We call a point where particles collide or decay a vertex. A way to identify a B meson is to look for two vertices with a gap between them. On the left is a standard event picture. On the right is a blowup of what happens close to the collision point inside the beam pipe. The vertex is where the B meson along with other particles was created and the secondary vertex is where it decayed. The solid green lines are the actual tracks of the decay particles outside the beam pipe. The dotted lines are the projection of the tracks into the beam pipe. Where they intersect are the vertices. The B travels between the first vertex and the secondary vertex along the black dotted line before it decays. Thus, the gap between the two vertices is a measure of the lifetime of the B meson. We will be looking for this decay length in our data. We will find a minimum or "threshold" value that will tell us to save events for further analysis.

100

Radon release and dispersion from an open pit uranium mine  

SciTech Connect

Radon-222 flux from representative sections of the United Nuclear St. Anthony open-pit mine complex was measured. The collected radon was adsorbed on activated charcoal and the radon activity was measured by gamma spectroscopy. System design, calibration, and the procedure to determine radon flux density (pCi/m/sup 2/.s) are described. A continuous series of radon flux densities were measured over a 5-month period at a control point in the mine. The average flux density at the control point was 1.9 pCi/m/sup 2/.s. A close correlation between radon flux density variations and changes in barometric pressure was observed by a comparison of meteorological data and average daily radon flux density measured at the control point. The release rate from each section of the mine was calculated from the average radon flux density and the area of the section, as determined from enlarged aerial photographs. The average radon flux density for eight locations over the ore-bearing section was 7.3 pCi/m/sup 2/.s. The average flux density for four locations over undisturbed topsoil was 0.17 pCi/m/sup 2/.s. The average Ra-226 content of ten samples taken from the ore-bearing region was 102 pCi/g ore. The ratio of radon flux density to radium content (specific flux) was 0.072. The release rate from the entire St. Anthony open pit was determined to be 3.5 x 10/sup 5/ pCi/s. This rate is comparable to the natural release of radon from one square mile of undisturbed topsoil. 16 refs., 31 figs., 11 tabs.

Kisieleski, W.E.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Radon control systems in existing and new construction: a review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......home. In crawl spaces, the sheeting is...infiltration after construction. The results of...techniques in new construction are presented in...radon levels Crawl space Minimal Moderate...Modifications to heating, ventilation and...public and private sector radon mitigation......

Naureen Mahbub Rahman; Bliss L. Tracy

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Indoor radon problem in energy efficient multi-storey buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Against Radon at Home and at Work Indoor radon problem in energy efficient multi-storey...amount of the total energy consumption in developed countries...approaches for designing energy-efficient buildings...registration of 1 h average value. Dwellers......

I. V. Yarmoshenko; A. V. Vasilyev; A. D. Onishchenko; S. M. Kiselev; M. V. Zhukovsky

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Follow-up study of indoor radon in Greek buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Greece 3 Greek Atomic Energy Commission, Agia...the Greek Atomic Energy Commission (GAEC...exposure to radon in the home and workplace. It...m3 increase in the average radon concentration...the Greek Atomic Energy Commission (GAEC...increase in energy consumption from wood products......

A. Clouvas; S. Xanthos; M. Kolovou; C. Potiriadis; G. Takoudis; J. Guilhot

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Radon control systems in existing and new construction: a review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......intervals after remediation, perhaps once...radon in the ground can penetrate...buildings from ground water and from building...holes around the water or electricity...Another option for remediation in existing homes...drawn from the ground by thermal convection...non-pressurised ground water solved the radon......

Naureen Mahbub Rahman; Bliss L. Tracy

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Indoor Dose Conversion Coefficients for Radon Progeny for Different  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Indoor Dose Conversion Coefficients for Radon Progeny for Different Ambient Environments K . N . Y ambient environments on the indoor radon dose (in terms of the dose conversion coefficient or DCC of the human respiratory tract. Epidemiological studies of under- ground miners of uranium and other minerals

Yu, K.N.

106

Determination of radon concentrations of the Dikili geothermal area in western turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Figure 3 shows the average indoor radon concentrations...the Turkish Atomic Energy Commission for indoor...distribution of average indoor radon concentrations...Variation of the average indoor radon concentrations...and bottling, the consumption of interest in the...against radon-222 at home and at work, ICRP......

Y. Yarar; T. Gnaydi; N. elebi

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Active airborne contamination control using electrophoresis  

SciTech Connect

In spite of our best efforts, radioactive airborne contamination continues to be a formidable problem at many of the Department of Energy (DOE) weapons complex sites. For workers that must enter areas with high levels of airborne contamination, personnel protective equipment (PPE) can become highly restrictive, greatly diminishing productivity. Rather than require even more restrictive PPE for personnel in some situations, the Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) is actively researching and developing methods to aggressively combat airborne contamination hazards using electrophoretic technology. With appropriate equipment, airborne particulates can be effectively removed and collected for disposal in one simple process. The equipment needed to implement electrophoresis is relatively inexpensive, highly reliable, and very compact. Once airborne contamination levels are reduced, less PPE is required and a significant cost savings may be realized through decreased waste and maximized productivity. Preliminary ``cold,`` or non-radioactive, testing results at the RFP have shown the technology to be effective on a reasonable scale, with several potential benefits and an abundance of applications.

Veatch, B.D.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

The Austrian radon activities on the way to the national radon action plan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......radon concentration in water or air)-is listed...well as workplace on ground floor and basement level...building materials, water). A list of issues...type, measurement, remediation and prevention measures...situation (annual mean, ground floor, no basement......

V. Gruber; W. Ringer; G. Wurm; W. Haider

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

The Austrian radon activities on the way to the national radon action plan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......AGES - Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety, National...the OIB-3 guideline under dangerous immissions and refers to the...radon exposure and associated health risks(4), which is covered...within the Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety (AGES......

V. Gruber; W. Ringer; G. Wurm; W. Haider

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

New Sampling Methods for Airborne Microorganisms  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Sampling Methods for Airborne Microorganisms New Sampling Methods for Airborne Microorganisms Speaker(s): Klaus Willeke Date: February 27, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: David Faulkner Klaus Willeke and his international team of engineers, physicists, microbiologists, industrial hygienists and environmental scientists have worked for about 15 years on the development of new methods for sampling airborne microorganisms. The following topics will be highlighted: long-term bioaerosol sampling into liquid by swirling air motion ("Biosampler"); personal aerosol sampling with low wind sensitivity and highfilter deposit uniformity ("Button Aerosol Sampler"); collection of microorganisms by electrostatic means; source testing as a predictor for microorganism release from surfaces; particle concentrating from large air

111

Airborne Gravity Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Airborne Gravity Survey Airborne Gravity Survey Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Airborne Gravity Survey Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Gravity Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Gravity Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Distribution of density in the subsurface enables inference of rock type. Stratigraphic/Structural: Delineation of steeply dipping formations, geological discontinuities and faults, intrusions and the deposition of silicates due to hydrothermal activity. Hydrological: Density of sedimentary rocks are strongly influenced by fluid contained within pore space. Dry bulk density refers to the rock with no moisture, while the wet bulk density accounts for water saturation; fluid content may alter density by up to 30%.(Sharma, 1997)

112

Airborne Electromagnetic Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Airborne Electromagnetic Survey Airborne Electromagnetic Survey Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Airborne Electromagnetic Survey Details Activities (2) Areas (2) Regions (0) NEPA(1) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: provide data on rock type and mineral content Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: can be used to detect changes in density of fluids and indicate if there is salt water intrusion Thermal: Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 48.274,827 centUSD 0.0483 kUSD 4.827e-5 MUSD 4.827e-8 TUSD / mile Median Estimate (USD): 317.3831,738 centUSD 0.317 kUSD

113

Micro-Electron Spin Resonance for Airborne Soot Measurement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A real-time method for airborne soot concentration measurement using a miniaturized electron spin resonance sensor is presented.

114

Assessing inhalation exposure from airborne soil contaminants  

SciTech Connect

A method of estimation of inhalation exposure to airborne soil contaminants is presented. this method is derived from studies of airborne soil particles with radioactive tags. The concentration of contaminants in air (g/m{sup 3}) can be derived from the product of M, the suspended respirable dust mass concentration (g/m{sup 3}), S, the concentration of contaminant in the soil (g/g), and E{sub f}, an enhancement factor. Typical measurement methods and values of M, and E{sub f} are given along with highlights of experiences with this method.

Shinn, J.H.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Sandia Multispectral Airborne Lidar for UAV Deployment  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories has initiated the development of an airborne system for W laser remote sensing measurements. System applications include the detection of effluents associated with the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and the detection of biological weapon aerosols. This paper discusses the status of the conceptual design development and plans for both the airborne payload (pointing and tracking, laser transmitter, and telescope receiver) and the Altus unmanned aerospace vehicle platform. Hardware design constraints necessary to maintain system weight, power, and volume limitations of the flight platform are identified.

Daniels, J.W.; Hargis,Jr. P.J.; Henson, T.D.; Jordan, J.D.; Lang, A.R.; Schmitt, R.L.

1998-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

116

Latest results of NEXT-DEMO, the prototype of the NEXT 100 double beta decay experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NEXT-DEMO is a 1:4.5 scale prototype of the NEXT100 detector, a high-pressure xenon gas TPC that will search for the neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{136}$Xe. X-ray energy depositions produced by the de-excitation of Xenon atoms after the interaction of gamma rays from radioactive sources have been used to characterize the response of the detector obtaining the spatial calibration needed for close-to-optimal energy resolution. Our result, 5.5% FWHM at 30 keV, extrapolates to 0.6% FWHM at the Q value of $^{136}$Xe. Additionally, alpha decays from radon have been used to measure several detection properties and parameters of xenon gas such as electron-ion recombination, electron drift velocity, diffusion and primary scintillation light yield. Alpha spectroscopy is also used to quantify the activity of radon inside the detector, a potential source of background for most double beta decay experiments.

Serra, L; Martin-Albo, J; Sorel, M; Gomez-Cadenas, J J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

National radon database documentation. Volume 5. The EPA/state residential radon surveys: Years 5 and 6. Final report 1986-1992  

SciTech Connect

The National Radon Database has been developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to distribute information collected in two recently completed radon surveys: the EPA/State Residential Radon Surveys, Years 1 to 6; and The National Residential Radon Survey. The goals of the state radon surveys were twofold. Some measure of the distribution of radon levels among residences was desired for major geographic areas within each state and for each state as a whole. In addition, it was desired that each state survey would be able to identify areas of potentially high residential radon concentrations (hot spots) in the state, enabling the state to focus its attention on areas where indoor radon concentrations might pose a greater health threat. The document discusses year 5, 1990-91. The areas surveyed are: Arkansas; Illinois; Maryland; Eastern Cherokee Nation; Mississippi; Texas; and Washington.

Not Available

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne sunphotometer airborne Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CALNEX AND CARES Chris... (LaRC) airborne high spectral resolution lidar (HSRL) on the NASA B-200 aircraft measured aerosol... distribution of aerosols and to provide the vertical...

119

Methods for Sampling of Airborne Viruses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...has no effect on the recovery of T3 (131). Prehumidification...has no effect on the recovery of mengovirus 37A...but increases the recovery of bacteriophage S13...increased at high RH by the condensation of the water vapor on the airborne...

Daniel Verreault; Sylvain Moineau; Caroline Duchaine

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Energy deposition and radiation quality of radon and radon daughters. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This program was aimed at creating a quantitative physical description, at the micrometer and nanometer levels, of the physical interactions of the alpha particles from radon and its daughters with cells at risk in the bronchial epithelium. The authors calculated alpha-particle energy spectra incident upon the cells and also energy deposition spectra in micrometer- and nanometer-sized sites as a function of cell depth, site size, airway diameter, activities of {sup 218}Po and {sup 214}Po, and other parameters. These data are now being applied, using biophysical models of radiation effects, to predict cell killing, mutations, and cell transformation. The model predictions are then compared to experimental biophysical, biochemical, and biological information. These studies contribute to a detailed understanding of the mechanisms of the biological effectiveness of the radiations emitted by radon and its progeny.

Karam, L.R.; Caswell, R.S.

1996-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Radon in homes and other technologically enhanced radioactivity  

SciTech Connect

The results are described of recent observations at Argonne National Laboratory, contributing to our knowledge of such factors as the origin of high levels of radon in houses, its variability with time or otherwise, its uniformity throughout the house or otherwise, and the behavior and fate of the short-lived daughter-products. In a sample of 110 houses, mostly in the west suburban area of Chicago, 15% had radon concentrations in excess of 6 pCi litre/sup -1/ and 96% greater than 10 pCi litre /sup -1/. If this distribution is representative of all houses in the USA, the population being exposed to such high concentrations of radon is far greater than the number of people in Grand Junction being exposed to quite similar concentrations from technologically enhanced radioactivity. There is a great need for far more extensive data on radon in houses.

Rundo, J.; Toohey, R.E.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Exposure to radon in dwellings in the Sharri community, Kosovo  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......major cause of lung cancer, second only to cigarette...course of prospecting for uranium between 1983 and 1989...because they were hit by depleted uranium projectiles during the...although no impact of depleted uranium on radon levels was......

M. Bahtijari; J. Vaupotic; A. Gregoric; P. Stegnar; I. Kobal

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

History of the measurement of radon in central Bohemia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......is radium needles in depleted uranium shielding. The chamber's...Jerabek J. Lung cancer risk in relation to long-term...radiation exposure in uranium mines. Trnovec T...Holecek J. Study of lung cancer and residential radon......

Ivo Burian; Petr Otahal

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Measurement of indoor radon concentration in kindergartens in Sofia, Bulgaria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......significance of the overall factors for indoor radon concentration was tested by analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric test at a significance level of 95 %. Number of measurements, minimum, median, maximum, GM......

Kremena Ivanova; Zdenka Stojanovska; Martina Tsenova; Viktor Badulin; Bistra Kunovska

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Radon in context of natural radiation exposure: the Czech experience  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......doses from ingestion of water are reasonably avertable...and intervention (remediation of existing exposure...effective dose caused by water containing 1000 Bq l1...radon concentrations in ground water vary from some Becquerel......

J. Hulka

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Some aspects of the radon problem in Kazakhstan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Preliminary analysis shows that the population of Kazakhstan lives primarily in potentially dangerous areas from the radioactivity exposure point of view. According to selected studies, radon isotope PAEC values in premises where people stay for long times may exceed allowable levels by several times. At the same time, on account of insufficient organization of work on a national scale, lack of funds, standard methods and metrology equipment, no radon studies are actually performed even in those regions where geological rock structure and availability of tectonic faults suggest that an excess radon concentration in residential and public buildings may be anticipated. Preliminary recorded data from independent studies show that increased radon concentrations in living premises are typical of the Republic. The survey of population exposure from natural sources of ionizing radiation in Akchatau village in Zhezkazgan oblast and the survey done in Almaty are insufficient to understand and solve the problem in Kazakhstan in general.

V.N. Sevostyanov

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Effect of Irradiating the Tubercle Bacillus with Radon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... tubercle bacillus (1 mgm./c.c.) using the whole of the radiation of radon dissolved in the culture. The teclinique we have elaborated enables us to obtain reproducible ... -radiations aro negligible.) The following results are observed.

P. BONET-MAURY; H. R. OLIVIER

1939-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

128

Analysis of Gamma Radiation from a Radon Source: Indications of a Solar Influence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article presents an analysis of about 29,000 measurements of gamma radiation associated with the decay of radon in a sealed container at the Geological Survey of Israel (GSI) Laboratory in Jerusalem between 28 January 2007 and 10 May 2010. These measurements exhibit strong variations in time of year and time of day, which may be due in part to environmental influences. However, time-series analysis reveals a number of periodicities, including two at approximately 11.2 year$^{-1}$ and 12.5 year$^{-1}$. We have previously found these oscillations in nuclear-decay data acquired at the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and at the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), and we have suggested that these oscillations are attributable to some form of solar radiation that has its origin in the deep solar interior. A curious property of the GSI data is that the annual oscillation is much stronger in daytime data than in nighttime data, but the opposite is true for all other oscillations. This may be a systematic effect but, if it is not, this property should help narrow the theoretical options for the mechanism responsible for decay-rate variability.

Peter A. Sturrock; Gideon Steinitz; Ephraim Fischbach; Daniel Javorsek, II; Jere H. Jenkins

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Radon attenuation handbook for uranium mill tailings cover design  

SciTech Connect

This handbook has been prepared to facilitate the design of earthen covers to control radon emission from uranium mill tailings. Radon emissions from bare and covered uranium mill tailings can be estimated from equations based on diffusion theory. Basic equations are presented for calculating surface radon fluxes from covered tailings, or alternately, the cover thicknesses required to satisfy a given radon flux criterion. Also described is a computer code, RAECOM, for calculating cover thicknesses and surface fluxes. Methods are also described for measuring diffusion coefficients for radon, or for estimating them from empirical correlations. Since long-term soil moisture content is a critical parameter in determining the value of the diffusion coefficient, methods are given for estimating the long-term moisture contents of soils. The effects of cover defects or advection are also discussed and guidelines are given for determining if they are significant. For most practical cases, advection and cover defect effects on radon flux can be neglected. Several examples are given to demonstrate cover design calculations, and an extensive list of references is included. 63 references, 18 figures, 6 tables.

Rogers, V.C.; Nielson, K.K.; Kalkwarf, D.R.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Indoor and soil gas radon simultaneous measurements for the purpose of detail analysis of radon entry pathways into houses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......on the modification of the standard BD method described in detail...concentration is variable during the standard indoor measurement campaign...symmetric against each other and standard indoor radon measurement...householder activities, including HVAC (heating, ventilation and......

A. Fronka

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Incidence characteristics of alpha particles on detectors irradiated in a radon progeny atmosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

regarding short-lived radon prog- eny has attracted much attention in the field of radon dosimetry. Nuclear state nuclear track detectors (SSNTDs). Here, we should mention the double detector method, in which one

Yu, K.N.

132

Protection from radon exposure at home and at work in the directive 2013/59/Euratom  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......RL for (annual average) radon concentration...as an annual average) exceeding the...as programmes on energy saving and indoor...due to tobacco consumption, energy saving and other...et al. Radon in homes and lung cancer......

F. Bochicchio

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Indoor radon in rural dwellings of the South-Pannonian region  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......are possibly due to the uranium content of deep underground...Lj. Simple method for depleted uranium determination. Jpn J...underestimate the radon-related health risk. The elevated radon...explained by elevated uranium levels of surface soil......

S. Forkapic; I. Bikit; J. Slivka; Lj. Conkic; M. Veskovic; N. Todorovic; E. Varga; D. Mrda; E. Hulber

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

THE EFFECT OF RADON TRANSPORT IN GROUNDWATER UPON GAMMA-RAY BOREHOLE LOGS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimation of the Lung Tissue Dose from Inhalation of Radon and Daughters," Health Physics 10, 1137 Federal Radiation

Nelson, P.H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

ccpi-airborne_r2 | netl.doe.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage Clean Coal Power Initiative Power Plant Improvement Initiative Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program FutureGen AIRBORNE PROCESS(tm)...

136

Rectangular discrete radon transform for buildings extraction from high resolution satellite images  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a new approach titled Rectangular Discrete Radon Transform (RDRT) which is based on the generalization of the classical Radon transform to project the images with rectangular objects instead of straight lines. The RDRT was conceived ... Keywords: high resolution satellite image, rectangular buildings, rectangular discrete radon transform

Elouedi Ines; Hamouda Atef; Rojbani Hmida

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

1) Title of the paper: Lossless Compression Based on a Discrete and Exact Radon Transform: A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the difference between several sim- ilar finite Radon projections. Two differential encoding tech- niques are needed to efficiently encode the Radon trans- formed data. An intra-projection encoding technique in such projections. The second step consists in encoding the similarities between Radon projections

Autrusseau, Florent

138

DTW for Matching Radon Features: A Pattern Recognition and Retrieval Method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. This allows to exploit the Radon property to include both boundary as internal structure of shapes, whileDTW for Matching Radon Features: A Pattern Recognition and Retrieval Method Santosh K.C.1 , Bart. It is basically based on dynamic programming for matching the Radon features. The key char- acteristic

Boyer, Edmond

139

Seasonal variation of radon concentrations in UK homes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The patterns of seasonal variation of radon concentrations were measured in 91 homes in five regions of the UK over a period of two years. The results showed that there was no significant difference between the regions in the pattern or magnitude of seasonal variation in radon concentrations. The arithmetic mean variation was found to be close to that found previously in the UK national survey. Differences in the pattern between the two years of the study were not significant. Two-thirds of homes in the study followed the expected pattern of high radon in the winter and low radon in the summer. Most of the rest showed little seasonal variation, and a few showed a reversed seasonal pattern. The study does not provide any clear evidence for the recorded house characteristics having an effect on the seasonal variation in radon concentrations in UK homes, though the statistical power for determining such effects is limited in this study. The magnitude of the seasonal variation varied widely between homes. Analysis of the individual results from the homes showed that because of the wide variation in the amount of seasonal variation, applying seasonal correction factors to the results of three-month measurements can yield only relatively small improvements in the accuracy of estimates of annual mean concentrations.

J C H Miles; C B Howarth; N Hunter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne biomass sensing Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

biomass sensing Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: airborne biomass sensing Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 We analysed airborne laser...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne mixtures part Sample Search Results  

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GLAS Airborne lidar Biomass Height The use of lidar remote sensing for mapping the spatial distribution... and spatially coincident discrete-return airborne lidar data over...

142

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne acidity estimates Sample Search...  

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Intercomparisons of airborne measurements of aerosol ionic chemical composition during TRACE-P and ACE-Asia Summary: .: AIRBORNE AEROSOL INTERCOMPARISON 9 of 13 D15S06...

143

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne sun photometer Sample Search Results  

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sun photometer Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: airborne sun photometer Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 BNL -63020 AN AIRBORNE...

144

Methane emissions from Alaska in 2012 from CARVE airborne observations  

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...models reported releases in the range of 120...regional-scale airborne measurements...greenhouse gas mole fractions every ?2.5...measured mole fraction, pressure, temperature...from biomass fires and any ocean...High-accuracy continuous airborne measurements...measurements of dry mole fractions of carbon dioxide...

Rachel Y.-W. Chang; Charles E. Miller; Steven J. Dinardo; Anna Karion; Colm Sweeney; Bruce C. Daube; John M. Henderson; Marikate E. Mountain; Janusz Eluszkiewicz; John B. Miller; Lori M. P. Bruhwiler; Steven C. Wofsy

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Airborne Studies of the Smoke from the Kuwait Oil Fires  

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...smoke from the Kuwait fires produced a small-scale...Concluding Remarks The airborne studies of the smoke from the Kuwait fires provided a large...1. Uncontrolled releases of oil began in January...and the oil field fires began in late February...Zimmerman). 3. An airborne study of the smoke...

Peter V. Hobbs; Lawrence F. Radke

1992-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

146

Adaptive Restoration of Airborne Daedalus AADS1268 ATM Thermal Data  

SciTech Connect

To incorporate the georegistration and restoration processes into airborne data processing in support of U.S. Department of Energy's nuclear emergency response task, we developed an adaptive restoration filter for airborne Daedalus AADS1268 ATM thermal data based on the Wiener filtering theory. Preliminary assessment shows that this filter enhances the detectability of small weak thermal anomalies in AADS1268 thermal images.

D. Yuan; E. Doak; P. Guss; A. Will

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Robust Multi-loop Airborne SLAM in Unknown Wind Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robust Multi-loop Airborne SLAM in Unknown Wind Environments Jonghyuk Kim Department of Engineering for Autonomous Systems University of Sydney, Australia Email: salah@acfr.usyd.edu.au Abstract-- This paper presents a robust multi-loop airborne SLAM structure which also augments wind information. The air velocity

Kim, Jonghyuk "Jon"

148

The Distribution of Exposure to Radon: Effects of Population Mobility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the public domain: the NURE data set and the detailedThese are described below. NURE refers to the airborneUranium Resource Evaluation (NURE) Program. These data (with

Gadgil, A.J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Semileptonic Decays  

SciTech Connect

The following is an overview of the measurements of the CKM matrix elements |V{sub cb}| and |V{sub ub}| that are based on detailed studies of semileptonic B decays by the BABAR and Belle Collaborations and major advances in QCD calculations. In addition, a new and improved measurement of the ratios R(D{sup (*)}) = {Beta}({bar B} {yields} D{sup (*)}{tau}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({bar B} {yields} D{sup (*)}{ell}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {ell}}) is presented. Here D{sup (*)} refers to a D or a D* meson and {ell} is either e or {mu}. The results, R(D) = 0.440 {+-} 0.058 {+-} 0.042 and R(D*) = 0.332 {+-} 0.024 {+-} 0.018, exceed the Standard Model expectations by 2.0{sigma} and 2.7{sigma}, respectively. Taken together, they disagree with these expectations at the 3.4{sigma} level. The excess of events cannot be explained by a charged Higgs boson in the type II two-Higgs-doublet model.

Luth, Vera G.; /SLAC

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

150

Analysis and Flight Test Validation of High Performance AirborneWind Turbines  

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Makani Power has developed an autonomous airborne wind turbine prototype incorporating a rigid wing with onboard...

Damon Vander Lind

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Indoor radon concentrations in the town of Niksic, Montenegro  

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......ac.yu 1 Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics...filter, which allows radon gas to enter the chamber volume...ranges from 7 Bq m3 (Cyprus) to 120 Bq m3 (Albania...283-291. Monograph Rare Gas Geochemistry - Applications...Montenegro. | Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics......

N. Antovic; P. Vukotic; R. Zekic; R. Ilic

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Achievements and current activities of the Canadian radon program  

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......territorial governments to review the Canadian radon...of practices and standards for radiation protection...Quality assurance plans have been established...the USA and the Standards Council of Canada...2008 to develop a standard protocol for mapping...such as ground uranium concentration from......

Jing Chen; Ken Ford; Jeff Whyte; Kelley Bush; Deborah Moir; Jack Cornett

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Dennis, Eberhart, Dulikravich & Radons FINITE ELEMENT SIMULATION OF COOLING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

). The simulations performed in this study consider ice packs applied to head and neck as well as using a head-cooling1 Dennis, Eberhart, Dulikravich & Radons FINITE ELEMENT SIMULATION OF COOLING OF REALISTIC 3-D Rapid cooling of the brain in the first minutes following the onset of cerebral ischemia

Dennis, Brian

154

Indoor radon problem in energy efficient multi-storey buildings  

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......estimated. INTRODUCTION The problems of energy saving and energy efficiency are in the spotlight of society. Buildings account for a...percentile exceeds 10 and only in one room it is 4. In each house, the minimal registered radon concentration drops below......

I. V. Yarmoshenko; A. V. Vasilyev; A. D. Onishchenko; S. M. Kiselev; M. V. Zhukovsky

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Radon control systems in existing and new construction: a review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......maintenance. In the active/passive house ventilation system, natural...unique characteristics of each house, the level of radon, the...soil gases as well, increases energy efficiency, uses a passive system that...walls before it can enter the house (wall suction) or blows air......

Naureen Mahbub Rahman; Bliss L. Tracy

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Distillation purification and radon assay of liquid xenon  

SciTech Connect

We succeeded to reduce the Kr contamination in liquid xenon by a factor of 1/1000 with a distillation system in Kamioka mine. Then, the remaining radioactivities (Radon and Kr) in purified liquid xenon were measured with the XMASS prototype detector. In this talk, the distillation system and the remaining internal radioactivity levels are reported.

Takeuchi, Yasuo [Kamioka Observatory, ICRR, Univ. of Tokyo, Kamioka-cho, Hida-shi, Gifu 506-1205 (Japan)

2005-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

157

Long-Term Observations of Indoor and Outdoor Radon Concentrations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Radiation Protection Dosimetry Article Long-Term Observations of Indoor and Outdoor...Lapere Two sets of data obtained by long-term observations of radon concentration...phosphogypsum was used. Around a nuclear waste storage place containing radium, 22 dosemeters......

J. Uyttenhove; R. Lapere

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Radon control systems in existing and new construction: a review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......air-tightness of a home. The quantities...estimates of the total average radon entry rate...buildings due to energy saving measures or...measures are costs, energy consumption, incomplete diagnostic...process. Surveys among home-owners could provide......

Naureen Mahbub Rahman; Bliss L. Tracy

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

The history of radon from a Swedish perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......increase when saving energy by decreasing...rate during the energy crisis in 1974...The country-averages of the indoor...representative sampling of consumption water in Sweden...recommendations of 1993 for homes and workplaces...regarding the averages, with radon...is unfit for consumption. More than 100......

Gun Astri Swedjemark

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

The newest international trend about regulation of indoor radon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......AL of 400 Bq m3 for above-ground workplaces and an AL in the...soil, building materials or water. A list of elements to be...100-200(18) aAbove-ground workplaces. bUnderground workplaces...RADPAR-Radon Prevention and Remediation, grant agreement No. 20081217......

Francesco Bochicchio

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Content based image hashing via wavelet and radon transform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Image hash function based on the image content has applications in watermarking, authentication and image retrieval. This paper presents an algorithm for generating an image hash that is robust against content-preserving modifications and at the same ... Keywords: image hashing, radon transform, wavelet transform

Xin C. Guo; Dimitrios Hatzinakos

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Spherical radon transforms and mathematical problems of thermoacoustic tomography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The spherical Radon transform (SRT) integrates a function over the set of all spheres with a given set of centers. Such transforms play an important role in some newly developing types of tomography as well as in several areas of mathematics...

Ambartsoumian, Gaik

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

163

Radon releases from Australian uranium mining and milling projects: assessing the UNSCEAR approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The release of radon gas and progeny from the mining and milling of uranium-bearing ores has long been recognised as a potential radiological health hazard. The standards for exposure to radon and progeny have decreased over time as the understanding of their health risk has improved. In recent years there has been debate on the long-term releases (10,000 years) of radon from uranium mining and milling sites, focusing on abandoned, operational and rehabilitated sites. The primary purpose has been estimates of the radiation exposure of both local and global populations. Although there has been an increasing number of radon release studies over recent years in the USA, Australia, Canada and elsewhere, a systematic evaluation of this work has yet to be published in the international literature. This paper presents a detailed compilation and analysis of Australian studies. In order to quantify radon sources, a review of data on uranium mining and milling wastes in Australia, as they influence radon releases, is presented. An extensive compilation of the available radon release data is then assembled for the various projects, including a comparison to predictions of radon behaviour where available. An analysis of cumulative radon releases is then developed and compared to the UNSCEAR approach. The implications for the various assessments of long-term releases of radon are discussed, including aspects such as the need for ongoing monitoring of rehabilitation at uranium mining and milling sites and life-cycle accounting.

Gavin M. Mudd

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Quantitative room-temperature mineralization of airborne formaldehyde using  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quantitative room-temperature mineralization of airborne formaldehyde using Quantitative room-temperature mineralization of airborne formaldehyde using manganese oxide catalysts Title Quantitative room-temperature mineralization of airborne formaldehyde using manganese oxide catalysts Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2011 Authors Sidheswaran, Meera A., Hugo Destaillats, Douglas P. Sullivan, Joern Larsen, and William J. Fisk Journal Applied Catalysis B - Environmental Issue 107 Pagination 34-41 Date Published 2011 Keywords commercial building ventilation & indoor environmental quality group, commercial building ventilation and indoor environmental quality group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department, indoor environment department, indoor environment group DOI 10.1016/j.apcatb.2011.06.032 Attachment Size

165

Airborne chemical baseline evaluation of the 222-S laboratory complex  

SciTech Connect

The 222-S Laboratory complex stores and uses over 400 chemicals. Many of these chemicals are used in laboratory analysis and some are used for maintenance activities. The majority of laboratory analysis chemicals are only used inside of fume hoods or glove boxes to control both chemical and radionuclide airborne concentrations. This evaluation was designed to determine the potential for laboratory analysis chemicals at the 222-S Laboratory complex to cause elevated airborne chemical concentrations under normal conditions. This was done to identify conditions and activities that should be subject to airborne chemical monitoring in accordance with the Westinghouse Hanford Company Chemical Hygiene Plan.

Bartley, P., Fluor Daniel Hanford

1997-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

166

Airborne Process Commercial Scale Demonstration Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CCPI 2) CCPI 2) contacts Brad tomer Director Office of Major Demonstrations National Energy Technology Laboratory 3610 Collins Ferry Road P.O. Box 880 Morgantown, WV 26507-0880 304-285-4692 brad.tomer@netl.doe.gov PaRtIcIPant Mustang Clean Energy, LLC, a subsidiary of Peabody Energy St. Louis, MO. Airborne Process(tm) commerciAl scAle DemonstrAtion ProgrAm (withDrAwn Prior to AwArD) Project Description Mustang Clean Energy will design, construct, and operate a full scale sodium-based multi-pollutant scrubber in conjunction with a revenue-generating fertilizer by-product processing plant at Mustang Energy Company, LLC's Mustang Generating Station. Both Mustang Clean Energy and Mustang Energy Company are subsidiaries of Peabody Energy, the world's largest coal company. The 300 MW (net) station will

167

The Western Airborne Contaminant Assessment Project (WACAP): An Interdisciplinary Evaluation of the Impacts of Airborne Contaminants in Western U.S. National Parks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Western Airborne Contaminant Assessment Project (WACAP): An Interdisciplinary Evaluation of the Impacts of Airborne Contaminants in Western U.S. National Parks ... U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, Colorado ...

Dixon H. Landers; Staci Massey Simonich; Daniel Jaffe; Linda Geiser; Donald H. Campbell; Adam Schwindt; Carl Schreck; Michael Kent; Will Hafner; Howard E. Taylor; Kimberly Hageman; Sascha Usenko; Luke Ackerman; Jill Schrlau; Neil Rose; Tamara Blett; Marilyn Morrison Erway

2010-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

168

The Source of Airborne Lead: Recycling Pb-Contaminated Soils  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Source of Airborne Lead: Recycling The Source of Airborne Lead: Recycling Pb-Contaminated Soils Starting in the 1970s, federal regulatory control and eventual elimination of lead-based "anti-knock" additives in gasoline decreased the level of airborne Pb in the USA by two orders-of-magnitude [1]. Blood lead levels of the USA figure 1 Figure 1. The good, the bad, and the ugly. Ambient airborne particulate matter captured on filters of woven silica fiber (large strips) and TeflonTM (round). Clean fiber filter at bottom for comparison. Take a deep breath? population decreased correspondingly [2,3]. Despite this dramatic improvement in both exposure risk and body burden of Pb, the sources and health threat of the low levels of lead in our "unleaded" air remain topics

169

Simulator Evaluation of Airborne Information for Lateral Spacing (AILS) Concept  

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The Airborne Information for Lateral Spacing (AILS) concept is designed to support independent parallel approach operations to runways spaced as close as 2500 ft. This report describes the AILS operational concept and the results of a ground-based flight ...

Abbott Terence S.; Elliott Dawn M.

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Radon flux measurements on Gardinier and Royster phosphogypsum piles near Tampa and Mulberry, Florida  

SciTech Connect

As part of the planned Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) radon flux monitoring program for the Florida phosphogypsum piles, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), under contract to the EPA, constructed 50 large-area passive radon collection devices and demonstrated their use at two phosphogypsum piles near Tampa and Mulberry, Florida. The passive devices were also compared to the PNL large-area flow-through system. The main objectives of the field tests were to demonstrate the use of the large-area passive radon collection devices to EPA and PEI personnel and to determine the number of radon flux measurement locations needed to estimate the average radon flux from a phosphogypsum pile. This report presents the results of the field test, provides recommendations for long-term monitoring, and includes a procedure for making the radon flux measurements.

Hartley, J.N.; Freeman, H.D.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

The effectiveness of radon preventive and remedial measures in Irish homes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is estimated that approximately 100?000 Irish homes have radon concentrations above the reference level of 200Bqm?3. To minimise the number of new homes with this problem, building regulations require that all new homes built since July 1998 in high radon areas are installed with radon barriers during construction. Measurements on local authority homes in a number of high radon areas have allowed the impact of these new regulations to be assessed. In County Cork a reduction of up to 70% in the mean radon concentration was observed in homes built since 1998 relative to those built before this date. A reduction in both the number of homes exceeding the reference level and the maximum concentration measured in homes was also measured. Homes exceeding the reference level were remediated with the use of an active sump. The results of this remedial work are also presented and show that the mean reduction in radon concentration achieved was 92%.

S Long; D Fenton; M Cremin; A Morgan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Airborne asbestos fiber evaluation: a comparison of three methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Najor Subject: Industrial Hygiene AIRBORNE ASBESTOS FIBER EVALUATION-A COMPARISON OF THRFE METHODS A Thesis by EMIL STUDI NKA Approved as to style and content by: ichard B. onzen air ar, of Committee) llaymon L. Johnston (Member) hlilliam P.... Fife (Member) N. . Ellis (Department Head) December 1979 ABSTRACT Airborne Asbestos Fiber Evaluat1on - A Compar1son Of Three Methods. ( December 1979) Emil Studinka, Jr. , S. S. , Clemson University M. S. , Texas A&M University Cha1rman of Ad...

Studinka, Emil

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

173

Indoor Radon and Its Decay Products: Concentrations, Causes, and Control Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in family dweiiings, Health Phys. 57, 465. BPA (1986).monitoring results from BPA's residential weatherizationWeatherization Program (BPA 1986). This program has

Nero, A.V.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Indoor Radon and Its Decay Products: Concentrations, Causes, and Control Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and a perspective on acceptable risks, that constitute themany people will deem the risk acceptable because of somethe level of risk that is considered acceptable can change.

Nero, A.V.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

E-Print Network 3.0 - au radon gaz Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

est gal au rapport des intensits du tube de radon... place au milieu d'un tube Fis. 2. Une enveloppe ... Source: Ecole Polytechnique, Centre de mathmatiques Collection:...

176

E-Print Network 3.0 - atmospheric radon-222 concentration Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1. Radon-222... concentrations in air include ... Source: Baskaran, Mark - Department of Geology, Wayne State University Collection: Geosciences ; Chemistry 30 1.0 MAJOR STUDIES...

177

National Radon Database. Volume 5. The EPA/state residential radon surveys: AR, IL, MD, MT, MS, TX, VA, WA and the Eastern Cherokee Nation, 1990-1992 (5 1/4 inch 1. 2mb) (for microcomputers). Data file  

SciTech Connect

The National Radon Database (NRDB) was developed by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) to distribute information in two recent radon surveys: the EPA/State Residential Radon Surveys and the National Residential Radon Survey. The National Residential Radon Surveys collected annual average radon measurements on all levels of approximately 5,700 homes nationwide. Information collected during survey includes a detailed questionnaire on house characteristics, as well as radon measurements. The radon survey data for Volume 6 is contained on two diskettes. The data diskettes are accompanied by comprehensive documentation on the design and implementation of the survey, the development and use of sampling weights, a summary of survey results, and information concerning the household questionnaire.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

National Radon Database. Volume 5. The EPA/state residential radon surveys: AR, IL, MD, MT, MS, TX, VA, WA, and the Eastern Cherokee Nation, 1990-1992 (3 1/2 inch, 1. 44mb) (for microcomputers). Data file  

SciTech Connect

The National Radon Database (NRDB) was developed by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) to distribute information in two recent radon surveys: the EPA/State Residential Radon Surveys and the National Residential Radon Survey. The National Residential Radon Surveys collected annual average radon measurements on all levels of approximately 5,700 homes nationwide. Information collected during survey includes a detailed questionnaire on house characteristics, as well as radon measurements. The radon survey data for Volume 6 is contained on two diskettes. The data diskettes are accompanied by comprehensive documentation on the design and implementation of the survey, the development and use of sampling weights, a summary of survey results, and information concerning the household questionnaire.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Exotic decay model and alpha decay studies  

SciTech Connect

In exotic decay studies, the lifetime of alpha emission occurs crucially in the branching ratio calculation. In this work, we extend our previous exotic decay model to calculate the same. But, in this case unlike in the exotic decay, the redistribution of charge for given masses of the fragments has to be taken into account since the charge-to-mass ratio of the alpha fragment differs from that of the parent nucleus. We have therefore modified the Yukawa-plus-exponential potential in the post-scission region in our model suitably so as to allow the required charge redistribution among the fragments in the region between sharp contact and the point up to which the finite-range effects persist. The success of this model for alpha decay is as good as for the exotic decay studies.

Shanmugam, G.; Kamalaharan, B. (Department of Physics, Presidency College, Madras 600005, India (IN))

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Technical Report No.7, Investigation of radon and helium as possible fluid-phase precursors to earthquakes. Technical Report No. 2, Additional task: Radon, helium and geochemical monitoring on the Palmdale uplift.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Imperial Valley) HELIUM AND All with RADON IN WELL SAMPLES of the wells in the Southern Network are geothermal

Craig, H; Lupton, J E; Chung, Y; Horowitz, R M

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Influence of energy-saving measures on the radon concentration in some kindergartens in the Czech Republic  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Radon at Home and at Work Influence of energy-saving...obtain the average activity...current energy consumption standards...that recent energy-saving...long-term average indoor radon...et al. Home energy efficiency......

I. Fojtikova; K. Navratilova Rovenska

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Moduli Decays and Gravitinos  

SciTech Connect

One proposed solution of the moduli problem of string cosmology requires that the moduli are quite heavy, their decays reheating the universe to temperatures above the scale of nucleosynthesis. In many of these scenarios, the moduli are approximately supersymmetric; it is then crucial that the decays to gravitinos are helicity suppressed. In this paper, we discuss situations where these decays are, and are not, suppressed. We also comment on a possible gravitino problem from inaton decay.

Dine, Michael; Kitano, Ryuichiro; Morisse, Alexander; Shirman, Yuri

2006-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

183

A study of radon-222 concentrations in North Carolina groundwater  

SciTech Connect

The groundwater of 400 North Carolina homes was sampled to ascertain the distribution and extent of {sup 222}Rn in North Carolina groundwater. Arithmetic mean (AM) and geometric mean (GM) concentrations of 1,816 pCi L{sup {minus}1} and 656 pCi L{sup {minus}1} were found for the state. These results indicate that two-thirds of 114{degree}C. homes served by groundwater exceed the EPA proposed 300 pCi L{sup {minus}1} maximum contaminant level (MCL). Only 2% of NC homes exceeded 10,000 pCi L-1. The Eastern region had the lowest radon concentrations by far, with a GM of 2-)0 pCi L{sup {minus}1}. The Central region and Western region had GM`s of 794 pCi L{sup {minus}1} and 1,032 pCi L{sup {minus}1} respectively. The groundwater data approached a log normal distribution. No consistent trends were noted in the relationship between indoor radon concentrations and groundwater radon concentrations. A correlation coefficient of 0.00921 revealed a very weak linear relationship.

Evans, J.P.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

184

Radon emanation measurement using French and Russian track detectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the first results of a new Franco-Russian project: the International Centre for Radon Expertise (I.C.R.E.). The objectives of this center include determining the sources and contents of natural radioactive gases and their radioactive daughters in order to provide protection against radiation for the population and the environment, and trace the migration of radioactive elements in the soil and plants. Passive radon measurement techniques developed in France and in Russia have been used together to conduct preliminary studies. The results of a comparison of the two techniques, applied both in laboratory and outdoors, are also presented. In order to develop the one passive technique that will be used in future studies, the possibility of optimization using various French and Russian detectors has been investigated. Attempts have been made to compare the response of original measurement cells with nuclear track detectors. Comparisons of such track detector responses have been performed at the university of Franche-Comte in France using various radon environmental conditions (atmospheric gas, soil gas and in water).

D Klein; V Pautov; A Chambaudet; G Barenboim

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Decay of Np241  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decay of a 16-minute neptunium activity attributed to Np241 has been studied with anthracene and sodium iodide scintillation counters. The principal mode of decay appears to be a beta group decaying to the ground state of Pu241 with a beta end-point energy of 1.360.10 Mev.

R. Vandenbosch

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

A modelling methodology for the analysis of radon potential based on environmental geology and geographically weighted regression  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many countries have promoted environmental studies and established national radon programmes in order to identify those geographical areas where high indoor exposure risk of people to this radioactive gas are more likely to be found (often referred to ... Keywords: Environmental geology, Environmental radon potential modelling, Geographically Weighted Regression, Geostatistic, Indoor radon, Local spatial effect

Antonio Pasculli; Sergio Palermi; Annalina Sarra; Tommaso Piacentini; Enrico Miccadei

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Soil gas radon measurements in a region of the Bohemian Massif: investigations in the framework of an Austrian pilot study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......AGES - Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety, Competence...the Austrian population. The health effects of indoor radon have...radon concentrations may be dangerous(2). Most people are exposed...According to the WHO, the actual health risk of indoor radon was underestimated......

Claudia Seidel; Andreas Baumgartner; Wolfgang Ringer; Joachim Grser; Harry Friedmann; Heribert Kaineder; Franz Josef Maringer

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Glossary Term - Beta Decay  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Avogadro's Number Avogadro's Number Previous Term (Avogadro's Number) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Beta Particle) Beta Particle Beta Decay Beta decay results in the emission of an electron and antineutrino, or a positron and neutrino. Beta decay is one process that unstable atoms can use to become more stable. There are two types of beta decay, beta-minus and beta-plus. During beta-minus decay, a neutron in an atom's nucleus turns into a proton, an electron and an antineutrino. The electron and antineutrino fly away from the nucleus, which now has one more proton than it started with. Since an atom gains a proton during beta-minus decay, it changes from one element to another. For example, after undergoing beta-minus decay, an atom of carbon (with 6 protons) becomes an atom of nitrogen (with 7 protons).

189

BioSAR Airborne Biomass Sensing System  

SciTech Connect

This CRADA was developed to enable ORNL to assist American Electronics, Inc. test a new technology--BioSAR. BioSAR is a an airborne, low frequency (80-120 MHz {approx} FM radio frequencies) synthetic aperture radar (SAR) technology which was designed and built for NASA by ZAI-Amelex under Patrick Johnson's direction. At these frequencies, leaves and small branches are nearly transparent and the majority of the energy reflected from the forest and returned to the radar is from the tree trunks. By measuring the magnitude of the back scatter, the volume of the tree trunk and therefore the biomass of the trunks can be inferred. The instrument was successfully tested on tropical rain forests in Panama. Patrick Johnson, with American Electronics, Inc received a Phase II SBIR grant from DOE Office of Climate Change to further test and refine the instrument. Mr Johnson sought ORNL expertise in measuring forest biomass in order for him to further validate his instrument. ORNL provided ground truth measurements of forest biomass at three locations--the Oak Ridge Reservation, Weyerhaeuser Co. commercial pine plantations in North Carolina, and American Energy and Power (AEP) Co. hardwood forests in southern Ohio, and facilitated flights over these forests. After Mr. Johnson processed the signal data from BioSAR instrument, the processed data were given to ORNL and we attempted to derive empirical relationships between the radar signals and the ground truth forest biomass measurements using standard statistical techniques. We were unsuccessful in deriving such relationships. Shortly before the CRADA ended, Mr Johnson discovered that FM signal from local radio station broadcasts had interfered with the back scatter measurements such that the bulk of the signal received by the BioSAR instrument was not backscatter from the radar but rather was local radio station signals.

Graham, R.L.; Johnson, P.

2007-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

190

Development and management of a radon assessment strategy suitable for underground railway tunnelling projects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......annum for the duration of each project. INTRODUCTION The construction...best practice at the time of project development and for tunnelling...national authorities are at liberty to choose a different (lower...throughout the duration of the project. Pylon radon gas and radon......

C. J. Purnell; G. Frommer; K. Chan; A. A. Auch

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Mobility determination of lead isotopes in glass for retrospective radon measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Fig-1 where Pb is seen to be depleted in the diffused profiles in...Radon in homes and risk of lung cancer: collaborative analysis of...radonexposure assessment and lung cancer risk. J. Exposure Anal...radon exposure and risk of lung cancer in Missouri. Am. J. Public......

Mikko Laitinen; Iiro Riihimki; Jrgen Ekman; A. R. Ananda Sagari; Lennart B. Karlsson; Somjai Sangyuenyongpipat; Sergey Gorelick; Heikki Kettunen; Heikki Penttil; Ragnar Hellborg; Timo Sajavaara; Johan Helgesson; Harry J. Whitlow

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Monitoring trends in civil engineering and their effect on indoor radon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Against Radon at Home and at Work Monitoring...discussed. The effect of energy-efficient construction...high radon levels in energy-efficient new houses...level of 26 % in average. Among the various...for such trends are energy-efficient construction...the overall energy consumption. New building concepts......

W. Ringer

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NEW INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS IN SWISS LEGISLATION ON RADON PROTECTION IN DWELLINGS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......is to be given to the remediation of new builds that fail...prevent the entry of water, water steam and radon. It...direct contact with the ground or with a dirt-floor...Proportionality of radon remediation The switch from a limit......

Martha Palacios (Gruson); Fabio Barazza; Christophe Murith; Salome Ryf

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Radon impact in patients with broncho-pulmonary cancer in centre areas of Transylvania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lung cancer is the most frequent cause of mortality caused by malignancies in the world. Radon, the second recognized carcinogenic agent involved in the development of lung cancer, after smoking, is a noble gas with a high mobility. By being continuously ... Keywords: lung cancer, morpho-pathological type of the lung cancer, prevention, radon, smoking, smoking cessation

Doina Adina Todea; Constantin Cosma; Loredana Elena Rosca; Andreea Cristina Herescu; Tiberius Dicu; Natalia Neagoe

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Journal of Hazardous Materials 132 (2006) 98110 Assessment of environmental radon hazard using human  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Dosimetric calculations gave a dose conversion coefficient of 15 mSv/WLM, which is higher than the value 5 m rights reserved. Keywords: Radon; Radon progeny; Human respiratory tract; Dose conversion coefficient serve as an indicator of underground uranium ores. It can also pass the surface between the soil

Yu, K.N.

196

Meteorological Conditions Dependence of Radon Concentration in the Air above the Atlantic Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... very likely to happen in June, and, finally, we have connected the concentration of radon and of its descendants to the origin of the air masses, for the air ... If the air comes from the north-west of France or from Great Britain, its radon concentration is always between 10 and 27 pc./m3; the mean speed wind blowing ...

J. FONTAN; D. BLANC; A. BOUVILLE; J. LACAZE

1963-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

197

Use of Radon to Trace the Flow Pattern of Gases in Furnaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... cm.) has shown that the method is quite practicable. A 20 millicurie sample of radon was mixed with air in a gas-holder of about 350 litres capacity, and ... 4,000 litres per min. The aperture was of such size as to give the radon-air about the same linear velocity as the main stream. Samples of the gas ...

R. MAYORCAS; M. W. THRING

1943-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

198

Radon-222, CO, CH4 and Continental Dust over the Greenland and Norwegian Seas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... The experiment was undertaken to investigate the relationships between these parameters and air mass trajectories. Radon (222Rn)-a radioactive rare gas emanating essentially from large continental land areas-and dust ... removed by coagulation and fallout or washed out by rain or fog, although comparison of radon level and dust data may be helpful in tracing the trajectory and mixing of air ...

R. E. LARSON; R. A. LAMONTAGNE; P. E. WILKNISS; W. I. WITTMANN

1972-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

199

Radon emanation and electric potential variations associated with transient deformation near reservoir lakes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Two of the most often cited earthquake precursors are radon emanation and electric potential variations, but these few reported examples have generally been deemed ... few reported examples have generally been deemed questionable. If a mechanism relating crustal deformation to radon emanation or electrical signals does indeed exist, it is thought to involve fluids. Some ...

M. Trique; P. Richon; F. Perrier; J. P. Avouac; J. C. Sabroux

1999-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

200

New radon cancer hazard study no cause for alarm in Britain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... subject of a major health study to determine how cancers caused by the emission of radon gas from their foundations can be prevented. ... gas from their foundations can be prevented.Radon-222, a naturally occurring radioactive gas emitted from igneous rock with uranium content such ...

Bill Johnstone

1987-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Fault location by radon and mercury detection at an active volcano in Nicaragua  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Radon was detected using a sensitive film enclosed in Track Etch Detector Cups which were buried ... -30 days. Analyses of the tracks on the film were performed by the manufacturer. Radon is reported as tracks per mm2 per 30 days (0.91 tracks per mm2 ...

William B. Crenshaw; Stanley N. Williams; Richard E. Stoiber

1982-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

202

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne aura laser Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

laser Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: airborne aura laser Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 We analysed airborne laser altimetry acquired...

203

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne experimental test-bed Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

experimental test-bed Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: airborne experimental test-bed Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 National Airborne...

204

Study on radon and radium concentrations in drinking water in west region of Iran  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the most important characterizations of social health is existence the availability of safe drinking water. Since one of the sources of water contamination is nuclear contamination from radon gas, so in this research radon 222 concentration levels in water supplies in the Toyserkan (a region located in the west of Iran) is investigated. For measuring radon gas in water wells and springs Lucas chamber method is used. Review the results of these measurements that taken from 15th place show that, only five sites have radon concentrations above the limit dose. To reduce radon concentration, it is better to keep water in open pools in contact with air before the water is delivered to users.

Forozani, Ghasem

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

? decay of the very neutron-deficient isotopes 197199Fr  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Decay properties of the very neutron-deficient isotopes 197199Fr were studied at the velocity filter Separator for Heavy Ion reaction Products (SHIP) at GSI in Darmstadt. The isotopes were produced in the 2n4n evaporation channels of the fusion-evaporation reaction 60Ni+141Pr?201Fr*. Improved ?-decay properties of 199Fr were determined and the possible existence of two ?-decaying states in this nucleus is discussed. For the isotope 198Fr a broad ?-decay energy distribution was detected in the range of (74707930)keV and two ?-decaying states were observed with half-lives of 1.1(7) and 15(3)ms. The new isotope 197Fr was identified based on the observation of one ?-decay chain yielding E?=7728(15)keV and T1/2=0.6?0.3+3.0ms. The systematics of reduced ?-decay widths are presented for neutron-deficient francium, radon, and astatine isotopes.

Z. Kalaninov; A. N. Andreyev; S. Antalic; F. P. Heberger; D. Ackermann; B. Andel; M. C. Drummond; S. Hofmann; M. Huyse; B. Kindler; J. F. W. Lane; V. Liberati; B. Lommel; R. D. Page; E. Rapisarda; K. Sandhu; . ro; A. Thornthwaite; P. Van Duppen

2013-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

206

ARM - Evaluation Product - Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsAirborne Visible/Infrared Imaging ProductsAirborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Evaluation Product : Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) 1997.08.01 - 1997.08.01 Site(s) SGP General Description AVIRIS is an optical sensor that delivers calibrated images of the upwelling spectral radiance in 224 contiguous spectral channels (bands) with wavelengths from 400 to 2500 nanometers. AVIRIS has been flown on two aircraft platforms: a NASA ER-2 jet and the Twin Otter turboprop. The main objective of the AVIRIS project is to identify, measure, and monitor constituents of the Earth's surface and atmosphere based on molecular absorption and particle scattering signatures. Research with

207

Airborne Electromagnetic Survey At Raft River Geothermal Area (1979) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electromagnetic Survey At Raft River Electromagnetic Survey At Raft River Geothermal Area (1979) Exploration Activity Details Location Raft River Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Airborne Electromagnetic Survey Activity Date 1979 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis To show that AEM methods can be useful in exploration for and defining geothermal systems Notes Extensive audio-magnetotelluric (AMT) work by the USGS in KGRA's showed that many geothermal systems do have a near-surface electrical signature which should be detectable by an AEM system. References Christopherson, K.R.; Long, C.L.; Hoover, D.B. (1 September 1980) Airborne electromagnetic surveys as a reconnaissance technique for geothermal exploration Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Airborne_Electromagnetic_Survey_At_Raft_River_Geothermal_Area_(1979)&oldid=510231

208

A real-time airborne scatterometer data processor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Subject: Electrical Fngineering A REAL-TIME AIRBORNE SCATTEROMETER DATA PROCESSOR A Thesis by Gary James Reisor Approved as to style and content by: arrman o Committee Hea o Depa tment em er Mem er August 1976 ABSTRACT A Real-time Airborne... data stream in an industry standard format so that external devices for testing and data storage can be easily interfaced to the RASP system. Bi-phase Level Output (Big-L output) - Provides a high speed, synchronous, bit serial data output port...

Reisor, Gary James

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

209

Decay of accelerated particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study how the decay properties of particles are changed by acceleration. It is shown that under the influence of acceleration (1) the lifetime of particles is modified and (2) new processes (such as the decay of the proton) become possible. This is illustrated by considering scalar models for the decay of muons, pions, and protons. We discuss the close conceptual relation between these processes and the Unruh effect.

Rainer Mller

1997-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

210

Neutrinoless Quadruple Beta Decay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We point out that lepton number violation is possible even if neutrinos are Dirac particles. We illustrate this by constructing a simple model that allows for lepton number violation by four units only. As a consequence, neutrinoless double beta decay is forbidden, but neutrinoless quadruple beta decay is possible: $(A,Z) \\to (A,Z+4) + 4 e^-$. We identify three candidate isotopes for this decay, the most promising one being Nd-150 due to its high $Q_{0\

Julian Heeck; Werner Rodejohann

2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

211

Methods to determine the size distribution of airborne rhinovirus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Methods to determine the size distribution of airborne rhinovirus Methods to determine the size distribution of airborne rhinovirus Title Methods to determine the size distribution of airborne rhinovirus Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2004 Authors Russell, Marion L., Regine Goth-Goldstein, Michael G. Apte, and William J. Fisk Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Abstract About 50% of viral-induced respiratory illnesses are caused by the human rhinovirus (HRV). Prior research has demonstrated that rhinovirus infections can be transmitted via person-to-person contact and via inhalation of infectious aerosols. Measurements of the concentrations and sizes of bioaerosols are critical for research on building characteristics, aerosol transport, and mitigation measures. To detect airborne HRV, we developed a quantitative reverse transcription-coupled polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay and verified that this assay detects HRV in nasal lavage samples. A quantitation standard was used to determine the assay detection limit of 5 fg of HRV RNA with a linear range over 10,000-fold. This assay was used to quantify the size distribution of an artificially-produced HRV aerosol captured with an Andersen six-stage cascade impactor. In future studies, we hope to use the methods developed here to characterize the size distribution of naturally occurring viral-aerosols

212

Method for measuring the size distribution of airborne rhinovirus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Method for measuring the size distribution of airborne rhinovirus Method for measuring the size distribution of airborne rhinovirus Title Method for measuring the size distribution of airborne rhinovirus Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of Publication 2002 Authors Russell, Marion L., Regine Goth-Goldstein, Michael G. Apte, and William J. Fisk Conference Name Proceedings of the Indoor Air 2002 Conference, Monterey, CA Volume 1 Pagination 40-45 Publisher Indoor Air 2002, Santa Cruz, CA Abstract About 50% of viral-induced respiratory illnesses are caused by the human rhinovirus (HRV). Measurements of the concentrations and sizes of bioaerosols are critical for research on building characteristics, aerosol transport, and mitigation measures. We developed a quantitative reverse transcription-coupled polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay for HRV and verified that this assay detects HRV in nasal lavage samples. A quantitation standard was used to determine a detection limit of 5 fg of HRV RNA with a linear range over 1000-fold. To measure the size distribution of HRV aerosols, volunteers with a head cold spent two hours in a ventilated research chamber. Airborne particles from the chamber were collected using an Andersen Six-Stage Cascade Impactor. Each stage of the impactor was analyzed by quantitative RT-PCR for HRV. For the first two volunteers with confirmed HRV infection, but with mild symptoms, we were unable to detect HRV on any stage of the impactor

213

The study of cirrus clouds using airborne and satellite data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cirrus clouds are known to play a key role in the earth's radiation budget, yet are one of the most uncertain components of the earth-atmosphere system. With the development of instruments such as the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer...

Meyer, Kerry Glynne

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

214

Using Airborne Sensing to Map Pools in Rivers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department of Water, Land and Biodiversity Conservation, South Australia #12;#12;Mapping methods · SpaceborneUsing Airborne Sensing to Map Pools in Rivers Michael Stewardson, Jeffrey Walker, Michelle Kan, Luke Kitchen, Stephen Wealands, Payam Ghadirian eWater Cooperative Research Centre, The University

Walker, Jeff

215

Majorons and muon decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The existence of a massless Goldstone boson coupling to neutrinos in theories with spontaneous violation of a global B-L symmetry may be consequential in precision measurements of the parameters in muon decay. We calculate the decay parameters for ??eMM, where the Majoron M is the Goldstone boson, and discuss limits on the Majoron-neutrino coupling.

T. Goldman; Edward W. Kolb; G. J. Stephenson; Jr.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Muon Decay Deep Underground  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A measurement of delayed coincidences characteristic of muon decay has been made at a depth of 1440-hg/cm2 standard rock with a 200-liter liquid scintillation detector. These results are consistent with the decay rate predicted from the depth-intensity curve for the penetrating component of the cosmic rays, providing independent evidence that this component is energetic muons.

W. R. Kropp; Jr.; F. Reines; R. M. Woods; Jr.

1968-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

217

Rare hadronic B decays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rare hadronic B-meson decays allow us to study CP violation. The class of B decays final states containing two vector mesons provides a rich set of angular correlation observables to study. This article reviews some of the recent experimental results from the BaBar and Belle collaborations.

A. J. Bevan

2006-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

218

Neutrinoless double beta decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Present status of the search for 0??? decay and of the related theoretical questions is reviewed. The mechanism of the decay and how to recognize it is discussed first followed by the relation of the effective neutrino Majorana mass and the oscillation parameters and the problems of nuclear matrix elements. The planned ? 100 kg experiments are briefly described.

Petr Vogel

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Long-term measurements of unattached radon progeny concentrations using solid-state nuclear track detectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the attached mode. As such, we also denote C1 u , C2 u and C3 u as the airborne concentrations of 218 Po, 214

Yu, K.N.

220

B Decay Length  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Threshold Decay Length Threshold Decay Length Data from 292 B events are in an Excel spreadsheet that looks like this table. To find the threshold decay length: Sort the data by descending decay lengths, dt. Run Event No. B Mass GeV/c2 ptB GeV/c dt cm Velocity v/c Lab Lifetime sec Rest Lifetime sec Bin 65160 642324 5.277 7.966 0.388 66500 89978 5.274 20.508 0.940 Get the data. Make a histogram of decay lengths. Rather than graphing all the lengths as individual points, physicists group the data. They consider the range of the data and divide it into "bins" of equal size. A histogram is a graph of the number of events in each bin vs. the bin range. We are looking for the smallest decay length that fits the exponential curve. This will indicate the length of the decay as detemined by that experimental run.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Ground radon survey of a geothermal area in Hawaii | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

radon survey of a geothermal area in Hawaii radon survey of a geothermal area in Hawaii Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Ground radon survey of a geothermal area in Hawaii Abstract Rates of ground radon emanation, inthe Puna geothermal area on the lower east riftof Kilauea volcano, were measured by alpha particle sensitive cellulose nitrate films. The survey successfully defined an area of thermal significance associated with the rift structure,and suggests that a thermally driven ground gas convection system exists within, and peripheralto, the rift. This type of survey was found suitable for the basaltic island environment characteristic of Hawaii and is now used in Hawaii as a routine geothermal exploration technique. Author Malcolm E. Cox Published Journal

222

Radon Concentration in Groundwater in the Central Region of Gyeongju, Korea - 13130  

SciTech Connect

Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive gas that is a well known cause of lung cancer through inhalation. Nevertheless, stomach cancer can also occur if radon-containing water is ingested. This study measured the radon concentration in groundwater for drinking or other domestic uses in the central region of Gyeongju, Korea. The groundwater samples were taken from 11 points chosen from the 11 administrative districts in the central region of Gyeongju by selecting a point per district considering the demographic distribution including the number of tourists who visit the ancient ruins and archaeological sites. The mean radon concentrations in the groundwater samples ranged from 14.38 to 9050.73 Bq.m{sup -3}, which were below the recommendations by the U.S. EPA and WHO. (authors)

Lee, Jung Min; Lee, A. Rim; Park, Chan Hee; Moon, Joo Hyun [Dongguk University, Seokjangdong, Gyeongju, Gyeongbuk, 780-714 (Korea, Republic of)] [Dongguk University, Seokjangdong, Gyeongju, Gyeongbuk, 780-714 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Radon entry rate analyses using in situ tracer gas method application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......underestimate the complexity of energy retrofitting itself. In...Hazards Associated With Home Energy Retrofits. (2012) The National Renewable Energy Laboratory, U.S. Department...for the purpose of radon mitigation effectiveness proper evaluation......

A. Fro?ka; K. Jlek

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Preventing radon in new homes well worth it in the UK  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Implementing basic preventive measures against radon in new homes is likely to be a highly cost effective public health intervention, with the potential to make a modest but worthwhile contribution to reducin...

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Indoor radon concentration measurements in some dwellings of the Penisola Sorrentina, South Italy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......multiple groups were performed by non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis test. All statistical analyses were performed using...values are represented by dots. The application of Kruskal-Wallis test demonstrated that the annual radon concentrations......

Maria Quarto; Mariagabriella Pugliese; Filomena Loffredo; Vincenzo Roca

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Radon levels and doses in dwellings in two villages in Kosovo, affected by depleted uranium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......villages in Kosovo, affected by depleted uranium G. Nafezi 1 A. Gregoric 2...included in the study was hit by depleted uranium projectiles during the North...1999. Although no impact of depleted uranium on radon levels has been observed......

G. Nafezi; A. Gregoric; J. Vaupotic; M. Bahtijari; M. Kuqali

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

RADIATIOh RESEARCH 142,61-69 (1995) The Biological Effectiveness of Radon-ProgenyAlpha Particles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for uranium miners or on data derived from A-bomb sur- vivors; comparison of domestic radon risk estimates studied. (d)The conversion from effective dose per unit exposure in a mine to effective dose per unit

Brenner, David Jonathan

228

Development and application of the scintillation flask technique for the measurement of indoor radon-222 concentrations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

continuous occupancy to conservatively calculate the number of WLM/year a person might receive. 29 TABLE 6 Radon Exposures (WLM/yr) in Selective Buildings on the Texas A 6 M University Campus. Minimum" ~MLM/ r Maximum* ~MLM/ Average* ~MLM... continuous occupancy to conservatively calculate the number of WLM/year a person might receive. 29 TABLE 6 Radon Exposures (WLM/yr) in Selective Buildings on the Texas A 6 M University Campus. Minimum" ~MLM/ r Maximum* ~MLM/ Average* ~MLM...

Vasquez, Gerard Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

229

The influence of fractal size distribution of covers on radon exhalation from uranium mill tailings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tailings produced during mining and milling of uranium ores represent potentially large volumes of low level radioactive materials. A typical environmental problem associated with mill tailings is radon emanation. Covering tailings is widely applied to reduce radon exhalation rate. In this paper, the fractal theories and field covering tests are used to study the fractal characters of size distribution of six types of covering materials, including waste rock, sand, laterite, kaolin, mixture of sand and laterite, and mixture of waste rock and laterite, and their influences on radon exhalation. The size distributions of uranium tailings and the six aforementioned covering materials all exhibit a good fractal structure. The contents of fine grain increase with the increasing value of fractal dimension. The results of field radon measurement show that the radon emanation rate of tailings without covers is 14.718.6Bq/m2s. Covering tests were carried out of the six abovementioned covering materials with thickness of 0.4m, 0.8m, 1.2m, 1.6m and 2.0m. The results indicate that the application of these materials for cover layers can decrease the radon exhalation rate markedly. The effectiveness of a cover layer in reducing radon exhalation is related to its fractal texture of size distribution. Under the same thickness conditions, the attenuation coefficient of radon exhalation rate increases with the increasing fractal dimension of size distribution of covers. The empirical expressions of the attenuation coefficients in relation to fractal dimension D of size distribution and thickness x of covers is obtained for evaluating the effectiveness of final covers for uranium tailings impoundments.

Kaixuan Tan; Zehua Liu; Liangshu Xia; Junwen Lv; Hanqiao Hu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Estimation of heat and chemical fluxes from a seafloor hydrothermal vent field using radon measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... exists at about 200 m above the depth of the vent field12'13. Distinct excess radon levels have been observed at Endeavour both in vent water and in the effluent plume ... vent water and in the effluent plume up to 17 km from the ridge axis14.Radon is a chemically inert gas with a radioactive half life of 3.85 days. ...

N. D. Rosenberg; J. E. Lupton; D. Kadko; R. Collier; M. D. Lilley; H. Pak

1988-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

231

Development of a method for determination of radon emanation from small soil samples  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEVELOPMENT OF A METHOD FOR DETERMINATION OF RADON EMANATION FROM S~ SOIL SAMPLES A Thesis by MICHAEL VINCENT MADONIA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1990 Major Subject: Health Physics DEVELOPMENT OF A METHOD FOR DETERMINATION OF RADON EMANATION FROM SMALL SOIL SAMPLES A Thesis by MICHAEL VINCENT MADONIA Approved as to style and content by: Milton E. Mc...

Madonia, Michael Vincent

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

232

Charmless B Decays  

SciTech Connect

Rare charmless hadronic B decays are a good testing ground for the standard model. The dominant amplitudes contributing to this class of B decays are CKM suppressed tree diagrams and b {yields} s or b {yields} d loop diagrams (''penguins''). These decays can be used to study interfering standard model (SM) amplitudes and CP violation. They are sensitive to the presence of new particles in the loops, and they provide valuable information to constrain theoretical models of B decays. The B factories BABAR at SLAC and Belle at KEK produce B mesons in the reaction e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B}. So far they have collected integrated luminosities of about 406 fb{sup -1} and 600 fb{sup -1}, respectively. The results presented here are based on subsets of about 200-500 fb{sup -1} and are preliminary unless a journal reference is given.

Gradl, Wolfgang; /Edinburgh U.

2007-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

233

Neutrinoless Double $?$-Decay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The neutrinoless double $\\beta$-decay is reviewed. Model independent evidence in favor of neutrino masses and mixing is briefly summarized. The data of the recent experiments on the search for $0\

S. M. Bilenky

2004-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

234

Influence of radon diffusion on the /sup 210/Pb distribution in sediments  

SciTech Connect

A mathematical model is presented which describes the distribution of radon 222 in sediments having a constant or variable depth distribution of radium 226. The model is extended to the distribution of lead 210, taking into account the mobility of radon (the precursor of /sup 210/Pb) within the sediment column. The /sup 210/Pb model is compared, at constant radium activity, with the conventional approach which disregards the radon diffusion when estimating sedimentation rates by the /sup 210/Pb method. The ratio between apparent and real sedimentation rate, s'/s, expressed as a function of three dimensionless parameters, demonstrates the importance of the radon diffusion effect. This effect is particularly important for sediments with small initial excess /sup 210/Pb activity, small sedimentation rate, large radon diffusivity, or a combination of these factors. Applied to Lake Geneva, the sedimentation is estimated to be larger by 30--50% than the original value by Krishnaswami et al, (1971). In sediments which are mixed at the surface (physical mixing or bioturbation), the /sup 210/PB activity in the mixed layer is diminished compared to that in the settling sediment material (Robbins et al., 1977), and radon diffusion makes the activity difference even larger, especially for low initial excess /sup 210/Pb activity, small sedimentation rate, and large mixing intensity. This result may be of importance for the balance of /sup 210/Pb in an aquatic system if the calculations are based on activities measured in the sediment.

Imboden, D.M.; Stiller, M.

1982-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

235

Airborne electromagnetic surveys as a reconnaissance technique for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

electromagnetic surveys as a reconnaissance technique for electromagnetic surveys as a reconnaissance technique for geothermal exploration Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Airborne electromagnetic surveys as a reconnaissance technique for geothermal exploration Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: INPUT airborne electromagnetic (AEM) surveys were conducted during 1979 in five Known Geothermal Resource Areas (KGRA's). AEM work has not been significantly utilized in the past for geothermal purposes because it was thought that a shallow exploration technique would not be effective. Extensive audio-magnetotelluric (AMT) work by the USGS in KGRA's showed that many geothermal systems do have a near-surface electrical signature which should be detectable by an AEM system. INPUT responses in the form of

236

Decay of Np93232  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decay of Np93232 has been studied by ? spectroscopy with a Ge(Li) spectrometer. The energies and relative intensities of 24 ? peaks have been determined. A decay scheme with two new energy levels at 1098.2 and 1146.3 keV is proposed. The level at 1193.9 keV has been confirmed. Electron-capture branching intensities are given.

R. Weiss-Reuter; H. Mnzel; G. Pfennig

1972-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Double Beta Decay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The motivation, present status, and future plans of the search for the neutrinoless double beta decay are reviewed. It is argued that, motivated by the recent observations of neutrino oscillations, there is a reasonable hope that neutrinoless double beta decay corresponding to the neutrino mass scale suggested by oscillations, of about 50 meV, actually exists. The challenges to achieve the sensitivity corresponding to this mass scale, and plans to overcome them, are described.

Steven R. Elliott; Petr Vogel

2002-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

238

UN PROCD DE DOSAGE CONTINU DU RADON DANS L'AIR ATMOSPHRIQUE. APPLICATION A LA PROSPECTION DE L'URANIUM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: it permits measurement of the activity of radioactive products of radon in air ; the air permits pass through176 UN PROC?D? DE DOSAGE CONTINU DU RADON DANS L'AIR ATMOSPH?RIQUE. APPLICATION A LA PROSPECTION DE radon de l'air atmo- sphérique. Une pompe à grand débit aspire l'air à analyser à travers un papier

Boyer, Edmond

239

Quantifying forested stands with the pulsed airborne laser profiler  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) red H. Smeins (Member) Peter T Sprinz (Member) J ~ (Head aries Lee f Departmen ) May 1986 ABSTRACT Quantifying Forested Stands with the Pulsed Airborne Laser Profiler. (May 1986) Michael Craig Whatley, B. S. , Texas A&M University... Digital Data CONCLUSIONS. 48 51 PALP Capabilities and Opportunities in Basal Area Estimation. 53 REFERENCES' APPENDIX A APPENDIX B. VITA. 54 57 78 90 viii LIST OF TASLES Table Page Prediction equations of predicted ground tree height from...

Whatley, Michael Craig

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

240

Lead-210 and Polonium-210 in Human Tissues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Table 1. RADON DECAY PKODUCTS Nuclide Half-life (ref. 2) Decay ... DECAY PKODUCTS Nuclide Half-life (ref. 2) DecayRadon Short-lived daughters

R. V. OSBORNE

1963-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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241

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne laser swath Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: airborne laser swath Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Natural Environment Research Council May 26, 2010...

242

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne laser system Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: airborne laser system Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Z .ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing...

243

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne laser scanner Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: airborne laser scanner Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 International Conference on Machine Control &...

244

NASA multipurpose airborne DIAL system and measurements of ozone and aerosol profiles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An airborne differential absorption lidar (DIAL) system has been developed for the remote measurement of gas and aerosol profiles in the troposphere and lower stratosphere. The...

Browell, E V; Carter, A F; Shipley, S T; Allen, R J; Butler, C F; Mayo, M N; Siviter, J H; Hall, W M

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne gamma-ray surveying Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: airborne gamma-ray surveying Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 12,...

246

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne gamma-ray spectrometry Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: airborne gamma-ray spectrometry Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 12,...

247

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne gamma spectrometry Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

blimps (or other airborne agents) carrying instruments and sensors... Mystery of Gamma-Ray Bursts An international team of astronomers has found good support for the idea... that...

248

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne gamma-ray measurements Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: airborne gamma-ray measurements Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 12,...

249

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne gamma survey Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

blimps (or other airborne agents) carrying instruments and sensors... Mystery of Gamma-Ray Bursts An international team of astronomers has found good support for the idea... that...

250

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne intelligence surveillance Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

surveillance problems. Figure 15.1: Data flow diagram of our modeling approach. Airborne modeling steps... , Berkeley, 1 Based on "Constructing 3D City Models by Merging...

251

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne carbon 14c Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bern Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology ; Geosciences 65 Biomass and Bioenergy 31 (2007) 646655 Estimating biomass of individual pine trees using airborne...

252

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne effluent control Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science 7 Effluent Monitoring 4-1 4. Effluent Monitoring Summary: has a comprehensive air pollution control and monitoring program to ensure that airborne discharges... control...

253

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne particulates european Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 12 Statistical Issues in the Study of Air Pollution Involving Airborne Particulate Matter Summary: Statistical Issues in the Study of...

254

E-Print Network 3.0 - air-borne power ultrasonic Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

search results for: air-borne power ultrasonic Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Center for Industrial Sensors and Measurements Department Materials Science & Engineering Summary:...

255

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne astronomy missions Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

test and validate space exploration concepts safely fly-out the Space Shuttle... operations, conduct airborne remote sensing and science observations, and revolutionize...

256

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne science program Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

science program Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: airborne science program Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Natural Environment Research...

257

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne moisture-indicating microorganisms...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

surface. In order to investigate the microorganisms present... obtained on the Marine Agar plates indicating a possible marine source for some of these airborne Source: Rainey,...

258

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne bacterial spores Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

immune recognition of airborne fungal spores, Nature, 460, 1117-1121, 2009... -236, 1966. Gilbert, G. S. and Reynolds, D. R.: Nocturnal fungi: ... Source: Martin, Scot T.- School...

259

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne fine particulate Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

particulate matter otherwise known as aerosols. However health risks from these pollutants... Airborne Pollution In urban environments What are the real health effects of...

260

An Airborne Spectrometer and Retrieval Development Project for Air Quality Measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The NASA-funded GeoTASO Instrument Incubator project will develop an airborne spectrometer, participate in field campaigns, and test trace gas and aerosol retrieval performance in...

Leitch, James; Valle, Tim; Hardesty, Chuck; Delker, Tom; Baker, Brian; Eskin, Joshua; Chance, Kelly; Liu, Xiong; Janz, Scott; Pickering, Ken; Wang, Jun

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne trace element Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search Sample search results for: airborne trace element Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 AIR-DEPOSITED POLLUTION IN THE ANACOSTIA RIVER WATERSHED Summary: pollution in Lake...

262

Remote Detection of Heated Ethanol Plumes by Airborne Passive Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Methodology is developed for the automated detection of heated plumes of ethanol vapor with airborne passive Fourier transform infrared spectrometry. Positioned in a fixed-wing...

Tarumi, Toshiyasu; Small, Gary W; Combs, Roger J; Kroutil, Robert T

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 564 (2006) 319323 Passive monitoring of the equilibrium factor inside a radon exposure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-lived radon progeny contributes about half of the total exposure of human beings to ionizing radiation of the determined ranges of F for a few LR 115 SSNTDs can give a very good estimate of the true equilibrium factor. It is also well known that the radon dose delivered to the lungs is not attributed to the radon gas itself

Yu, K.N.

264

Giant resonance decay  

SciTech Connect

Decay studies of giant multipole resonances are discussed, emphasizing the role of Coulomb excitation with intermediate energy heavy ions, which can provide very large cross sections for both isoscalar and isovector resonances. We discuss measurement of the photon decay of one and two phonon giant resonances, reporting results where available. It is pointed out throughout the presentation that the use of E1 photons as a tag'' provides a means to observe weakly excited resonances that cannot be observed in the singles spectra. 30 refs., 16 figs., 1 tab.

Beene, J.R.; Bertrand, F.E.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

WHY SEARCH FOR DOUBLE BETA DECAY?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the search for neutrinoless double beta decay may prove verySearching for neutrinoless double beta decay is the onlysensitivity of neutrinoless double beta decay. The potential

Kayser, B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Predicting New Hampshire Indoor Radon Concentrations from geologic information and other covariates  

SciTech Connect

Generalized geologic province information and data on house construction were used to predict indoor radon concentrations in New Hampshire (NH). A mixed-effects regression model was used to predict the geometric mean (GM) short-term radon concentrations in 259 NH towns. Bayesian methods were used to avoid over-fitting and to minimize the effects of small sample variation within towns. Data from a random survey of short-term radon measurements, individual residence building characteristics, along with geologic unit information, and average surface radium concentration by town, were variables used in the model. Predicted town GM short-term indoor radon concentrations for detached houses with usable basements range from 34 Bq/m{sup 3} (1 pCi/l) to 558 Bq/m{sup 3} (15 pCi/l), with uncertainties of about 30%. A geologic province consisting of glacial deposits and marine sediments, was associated with significantly elevated radon levels, after adjustment for radium concentration, and building type. Validation and interpretation of results are discussed.

Apte, M.G.; Price, P.N.; Nero, A.V.; Revzan, K.L.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

An indoor radon survey of the X-ray rooms of Mexico City hospitals  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the results of measurements of indoor radon concentrations in the X-ray rooms of a selection of hospitals in the metropolitan area of Mexico City. The metropolitan area of Mexico City is Mexico's largest metropolitan area by population; the number of patients requiring the use of X-rays is also the highest. An understanding of indoor radon concentrations in X-ray rooms is necessary for the estimation of the radiological risk to which patients, radiologists and medical technicians are exposed. The indoor radon concentrations were monitored for a period of six months using nuclear track detectors (NTD) consisting of a closed-end cup system with CR-39 (Lantrack Registered-Sign ) polycarbonate as detector material. The indoor radon concentrations were found to be between 75 and 170 Bq m{sup -3}, below the USEPA-recommended indoor radon action level for working places of 400 Bq m{sup -3}. It is hoped that the results of this study will contribute to the establishment of recommended action levels by the Mexican regulatory authorities responsible for nuclear safety.

Juarez, Faustino [Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico, Instituto Literario No. 100. Estado de Mexico, 50000, Mexico. Instituto de Geofisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Circuito (Mexico); Reyes, Pedro G. [Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico, Instituto Literario No. 100. Estado de Mexico, 50000 (Mexico); Espinosa, Guillermo [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Circuito Exterior Ciudad Universitaria, Mexico D.F. Cp.04510 (Mexico)

2013-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

268

Problems Found Using a Radon Stripping Algorithm for Retrospective Assessment of Air Filter Samples  

SciTech Connect

An evaluation of a large number of air sample filters was undertaken using a commercial alpha and beta spectroscopy system employing a passive implanted planar silicon (PIPS) detector. Samples were only measured after air flow through the filters had ceased. Use of a commercial radon stripping algorithm was implemented to discriminate anthropogenic alpha activity on the filters from the radon progeny. When uncontaminated air filters were evaluated, the results showed that there was a time-dependent bias in both average estimates and measurement dispersion of anthropogenic activity estimates with the relative bias being small compared to the dispersion, indicating that the system would not give false positive indications for an appropriately set decision level. By also measuring environmental air sample filters simultaneously with electroplated alpha filters, use of the radon stripping algorithm demonstrated a number of substantial unexpected deviations from calibrated values indicating that the system would give false negative indications. Use of the current algorithm is, therefore, not recommended for general assay applications. Use of the PIPS detector should only be utilized for gross counting without appropriate modifications to the curve-fitting algorithm. As a screening method, the radon stripping algorithm might be expected to see elevated alpha activities on air sample filters (not due to radon progeny) around the 200 disintegrations per minute level.

Robert Hayes

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Use of a Radon Stripping Algorithm for Retrospective Assessment of Air Filter Samples  

SciTech Connect

An evaluation of a large number of air sample filters was undertaken using a commercial alpha and beta spectroscopy system employing a passive implanted planar silicon (PIPS) detector. Samples were only measured after air flow through the filters had ceased. Use of a commercial radon stripping algorithm was implemented to discriminate anthropogenic alpha and beta activity on the filters from the radon progeny. When uncontaminated air filters were evaluated, the results showed that there was a time-dependent bias in both average estimates and measurement dispersion with the relative bias being small compared to the dispersion. By also measuring environmental air sample filters simultaneously with electroplated alpha and beta sources, use of the radon stripping algorithm demonstrated a number of substantial unexpected deviations. Use of the current algorithm is therefore not recommended for assay applications and so use of the PIPS detector should only be utilized for gross counting without appropriate modifications to the curve fitting algorithm. As a screening method, the radon stripping algorithm might be expected to see elevated alpha and beta activities on air sample filters (not due to radon progeny) around the 200 dpm level.

Robert Hayes

2009-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

270

In-vivo measurements of Pb-210 to determine cumulative exposure to radon daughters: A pilot study  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of estimating cumulative exposure of individuals to low concentrations of radon by measuring the amount of Pb-A-10 in their skeletons. This report presents progress to date establishing the validity of an vivo technique to measure skeletal burdens of Pb-210, accumulated from exposure to radon and radon progeny. With the skeletal content of Pb--210 and a model for Pb metabolism, cumulative exposure to radon and its short-lived daughters (radon/daughters) may be calculated for use in deriving a dose-response relationship between lung cancer and exposure to radon/daughters. Data are presented for 29 subjects exposed to above-average'' radon concentrations in their homes, showing the correlation between measured Pb--210 burdens, and measured pCi/l and WLM exposure estimates. Their results are compared to measurements of a population of 24 subject's presumed exposed to average concentrations. Measurements of a Pennsylvania family exposed for a year in a home with an extremely high radon content are also presented. Update of results of an ongoing study of the biological half-time of Pb--210 in man involving measurements, of a retired radiation worker with a 40 year old skeletal burden of Pb-210.

Laurer, G.R.; Cohen, N. (New York Univ. Medical Center, Tuxedo, NY (United States). Dept. of Environmental Medicine); Stark, A.; Ju, C. (New York State Dept. of Health, Albany, NY (United States). Bureau of Environmental and Occupational Epidemiology)

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Removal of Xenon and Radon from Contaminated Atmospheres with Dioxygenyl Hexafluoroantimonate, O2SbF6  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... process gas, and the excess fluorine must be removed afterwards. I have shown that radon, the heaviest noble gas, can be collected by oxidation with liquid bromine trifluoride and ... ). I report here further experiments with a dioxygenyl salt, O2SbF6, which reacts with radon and xenon at 25 C and which appears very promising as a reagent for removing ...

L. STEIN

1973-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

272

Airborne measurements of carbonaceous aerosols in southern Africa during  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Airborne measurements of carbonaceous aerosols in southern Africa during Airborne measurements of carbonaceous aerosols in southern Africa during the dry, biomass burning season Title Airborne measurements of carbonaceous aerosols in southern Africa during the dry, biomass burning season Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-50880 Year of Publication 2003 Authors Kirchstetter, Thomas W., Tihomir Novakov, and Peter V. Hobbs Journal Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres Keywords black carbon, evolved gas analysis, light absorption, organic carbon, positive sampling artifact, SAFARI Abstract Particulate matter collected aboard the University of Washington's Convair-580 research aircraft over southern Africa during the dry, biomass burning season was analyzed for total carbon, organic carbon, and black carbon contents using thermal and optical methods. Samples were collected in smoke plumes of burning savanna and in regional haze. A known artifact, produced by the adsorption of organic gases on the quartz filter substrates used to collect the particulate matter samples, comprised a significant portion of the total carbon collected. Consequently, conclusions derived from the data are greatly dependent on whether or not organic carbon concentrations are corrected for this artifact. For example, the estimated aerosol co-albedo (1 - single scattering albedo), which is a measure of aerosol absorption, of the biomass smoke samples is 60% larger using corrected organic carbon concentrations. Thus, the corrected data imply that the biomass smoke is 60% more absorbing than do the uncorrected data. The black carbon to (corrected) organic carbon mass ratio (BC/OC) of smoke plume samples (0.18±0.06) is lower than that of samples collected in the regional haze (0.25±0.08). The difference may be due to mixing of biomass smoke with background air characterized by a higher BC/OC ratio. A simple source apportionment indicates that biomass smoke contributes about three-quarters of the aerosol burden in the regional haze, while other sources (e.g., fossil fuel burning) contribute the remainder.

273

Source Apportionment of Airborne Particulate Matter using Inorganic and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Source Apportionment of Airborne Particulate Matter using Inorganic and Source Apportionment of Airborne Particulate Matter using Inorganic and Organic Species as Tracers Title Source Apportionment of Airborne Particulate Matter using Inorganic and Organic Species as Tracers Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Wang, Yungang, Philip K. Hopke, X. Xia, Oliver V. Rattigan, David C. Chalupa, and M. J. Source Journal Atmospheric Environment Volume 55 Start Page 525 Pagination 525-532 Date Published 01/2012 Keywords source apportionment positive matrix factorization (pmf) particulate matter (pm) molecular markers (mm) aethalometer delta-c Abstract Source apportionment is typically performed on chemical composition data derived from particulate matter (PM) samples. However, many common sources no longer emit significant amounts of characteristic trace elements requiring the use of more comprehensive chemical characterization in order to fully resolve the PM sources. Positive matrix factorization (EPA PMF, version 4.1) was used to analyze 24-hr integrated molecular marker (MM), secondary inorganic ions, trace elements, carbonaceous species and light absorption data to investigate sources of PM2.5 in Rochester, New York between October 2009 and October 2010 to explore the role of specific MMs. An eight-factor solutionwas found for which the factors were identified as isoprene secondary organic aerosol (SOA), airborne soil, other SOA, diesel emissions, secondary sulfate, wood combustion, gasoline vehicle, and secondary nitrate contributing 6.9%, 12.8%, 3.7%, 7.8%, 45.5%, 9.1%, 7.9%, and 6.3% to the average PM2.5 concentration, respectively Concentrations of pentacosane, hexacosane, heptacosane, and octacosane in the gasoline vehicles factor were larger compared to diesel emissions. Aethalometer Delta-C was strongly associated with wood combustion. The compounds, n-heptacosanoic acid and n-octacosanoic acid, occasionally used in the past as tracers for road dust, were found to largely associate with SOA in this study. In comparison with a standard PMF analyses without MM, inclusion of themwas necessary to resolve SOA and wood combustion factors in urban areas.

274

Modular airborne remote sampling and sensing system (MARSSS)  

SciTech Connect

Sandia is developing a modular airborne instrumentation system for the Environmental Protection Agency. This system will allow flexibility in the choice of instruments by standardizing mountings, power supplies and sampling modes. The objective is to make it possible to perform aerial surveys from chartered aircraft that have not been adapted in a more than superficial manner. It will also allow the experimenter to tailor his choice of instruments to the specific problem. Since the equipment will have a stand-alone capability, it can be applied to other problems such as long-term unattended use at remote locations or in toxic or otherwise hazardous environments.

Woods, R.O.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Prospecting by sampling and analysis of airborne particulates and gases  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is claimed for prospecting by sampling airborne particulates or gases at a ground position and recording wind direction values at the time of sampling. The samples are subsequently analyzed to determine the concentrations of a desired material or the ratios of the desired material to other identifiable materials in the collected samples. By comparing the measured concentrations or ratios to expected background data in the vicinity sampled, one can select recorded wind directions indicative of the upwind position of the land-based source of the desired material.

Sehmel, G.A.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Vacuum Energy Decay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The problem of the vacuum energy decay is studied through the analysis of the vacuum survival amplitude ${\\mathcal A}(z, z')$. Transition amplitudes are computed for finite time-span, $Z\\equiv z^\\prime-z$, and their {\\em late time} behavior is discussed up to first order in the coupling constant, $\\l$.

Enrique lvarez; Roberto Vidal

2011-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

277

Theory of Beta Decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......pseudoscalar coupling constant, (13 1) Schwarzschild gave the data on He6 (Sc57b). thesis...data of ft values in the beta decay of mirror transitions between doubly closed shell...Ann. of Phys. 2 (1957), 407. A. Schwarzschild, Ph. D. Thesis, Columbia University......

M. Morita

1963-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Impact of airborne Doppler wind lidar profiles on numerical simulations of a tropical cyclone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Click Here for Full Article Impact of airborne Doppler wind lidar profiles on numerical simulations Regional Campaign (TPARC) field experiment in 2008, an airborne Doppler wind lidar (DWL) was onboard the U measurements on the numerical simulation of Typhoon Nuri (2008) in its formation phase. With an advanced

Pu, Zhaoxia

279

Fast and Extensible Building Modeling from Airborne Qian-Yi Zhou  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fast and Extensible Building Modeling from Airborne LiDAR Data Qian-Yi Zhou University of Southern@graphics.usc.edu ABSTRACT This paper presents an automatic algorithm which recon- structs building models from airborne Li LiDAR(light detection and ranging), building modeling, seg- mentation, building footprints 1

Southern California, University of

280

Using Cell Phones to Detect Harmful Airborne Engineering lab named after company that hopes to commercialize  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Cell Phones to Detect Harmful Airborne Substances Engineering lab named after company focused on using mobile devices, such as cell phones, to detect harmful airborne substances in real detection capabilities with mobile devices, including cell phones that can interface global positioning

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Biomass and Bioenergy 31 (2007) 646655 Estimating biomass of individual pine trees using airborne lidar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biomass and Bioenergy 31 (2007) 646­655 Estimating biomass of individual pine trees using airborne biomass and bio-energy feedstocks. The overall goal of this study was to develop a method for assessing aboveground biomass and component biomass for individual trees using airborne lidar data in forest settings

282

Estimating the Evaporative Cooling Bias of an Airborne Reverse Flow Thermometer YONGGANG WANG AND BART GEERTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimating the Evaporative Cooling Bias of an Airborne Reverse Flow Thermometer YONGGANG WANG form 24 June 2008) ABSTRACT Airborne reverse flow immersion thermometers were designed to prevent in cloud is surmised because air decelerates into the thermometer housing, and thus is heated and becomes

Geerts, Bart

283

Airborne Electromagnetic Survey At Chena Area (Erkan, Et. Al., 2008) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Airborne Electromagnetic Survey At Chena Area (Erkan, Et. Al., 2008) Airborne Electromagnetic Survey At Chena Area (Erkan, Et. Al., 2008) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Airborne Electromagnetic Survey At Chena Area (Erkan, Et. Al., 2008) Exploration Activity Details Location Chena Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Airborne Electromagnetic Survey Activity Date 2008 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes The airborne resistivity (Fig. 2; panel c) shows high values in most of the areas including the Chena pluton, with the exception of the very northern and southern portion of the map where the Paleozoic metamorphic unit is located. Lineations of low resistivity at the west end of the area are generally associated with the location of the valley fill. However, some

284

A Relaxation Strategy for the Optimization of Airborne Wind Energy Sebastien Gros, M. Zanon and Moritz Diehl  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Relaxation Strategy for the Optimization of Airborne Wind Energy Systems S´ebastien Gros, M. Zanon and Moritz Diehl Abstract-- Optimal control is recognized by the Airborne Wind Energy (AWE problem. Keywords : airborne wind energy, optimal control, non- convex optimization, flight control I

285

Training Activities on Radioactive Waste Management at Moscow SIA -Radon-: Experience, Practice, Theory  

SciTech Connect

Management of radioactive waste relates to the category of hazardous activities. Hence the requirements to the professional level of managers and personnel working in this industry are very high. Education, training and examination of managers, operators and workers are important elements of assuring safe and efficient operation of radioactive waste management sites. The International Education Training Centre (IETC) at Moscow State Unitary Enterprise Scientific and Industrial Association 'Radon' (SIA 'Radon'), in co-operation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), has developed expertise and provided training to waste management personnel for the last 10 years. The paper summarizes the current experience of the SIA 'Radon' in the organisation and implementation of the IAEA sponsored training and others events and outlines some of strategic educational elements, which IETC will continue to pursue in the coming years. (authors)

Batyukhnova, O.G.; Arustamov, A.E.; Dmitriev, S.A.; Agrinenko, V.V. [SUE SIA -Radon-, The 7-th Rostovsky Lane 2/14, Moscow (Russian Federation); Ojovan, M.I. [Immobilisation Science Laboratory, University of Sheffield, Sir Robert Hadfield Building (United Kingdom); Drace, Z. [International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Radon concentrations in ground and drinking water in the state of Chihuahua, Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports 222Rn concentrations in ground and drinking water of nine cities of Chihuahua State, Mexico. Fifty percent of the 114 sampled wells exhibited 222Rn concentrations exceeding 11Bq/L, the maximum contaminant level (MCL) recommended by the USEPA. Furthermore, around 48% (123 samples) of the tap-water samples taken from 255 dwellings showed radon concentrations over the MCL. There is an apparent correlation between total dissolved solids and radon concentration in ground-water. The high levels of 222Rn found may be entirely attributed to the nature of aquifer rocks.

L. Villalba; L. Colmenero Sujo; M.E. Montero Cabrera; A. Cano Jimnez; M. Rentera Villalobos; C.J. Delgado Mendoza; L.A. Jurado Tenorio; I. Dvila Rangel; E.F. Herrera Peraza

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Technical manual, redesigned ARC-2A automatic radon counter. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The ARC-2A Automatic Radon Counter (Serial No. 87003) was manufactured in 1987 by Ocean Communication Systems, Inc, Panama City, Florida. It was designed as a stand-alone system, but was consistently plagued with problems. The manufacturer could not repair the machine. The ARC-2A was completely redesigned at NCCOSC RDT and E Division. It is now interfaced to a computer. A new manual was written with updated information and user instructions. The ARC-2A is an integral part of ongoing electro-optic propagation studies.... Radon, Electro-optics, Aerosol.

Littfin, K.M.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

The improvement of methods used to estimate radon concentration in air using nuclear track film  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE IMPROVEMENT OF METHODS USED TO ESTIMATE RADON CONCENTRATION IN AIR USING NUCLEAR TRACK FILM A Thesis by JAMES G. JESSICK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December t 9BB Major Subject: Health Physics THE IMPROVEMENT OF METHODS USED TO ESTIMATE RADON CONCENTRATION IN AIR USING NUCLEAR TRACK FILM A Thesis by JAMES G. JESSICK Approved as to style and content by: Milton E...

Jessick, James G.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

289

Handbook on string decay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explain simple semi-classical rules to estimate the lifetime of any given highly-excited quantum state of the string spectrum in flat spacetime. We discuss both the decays by splitting into two massive states and by massless emission. As an application, we study a solution describing a rotating and pulsating ellipse which becomes folded at an instant of time -- the ``squashing ellipse''. This string interpolates between the folded string with maximum angular momentum and the pulsating circular string. We explicitly compute the quantum decay rate for the corresponding quantum state, and verify the basic rules that we propose. Finally, we give a more general (4-parameter) family of closed string solutions representing rotating and pulsating elliptical strings.

Roberto Iengo; Jorge G. Russo

2006-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

290

Bremsstrahlung in ? decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A quantum mechanical analysis of the bremsstrahlung in ? decay of 210Po is performed in close reference to a semiclassical theory. We clarify the contribution from the tunneling, mixed, outside barrier regions, and from the wall of the inner potential well to the final spectral distribution, and discuss their interplay. We also comment on the validity of semiclassical calculations, and the possibility to eliminate the ambiguity in the nuclear potential between the alpha particle and daughter nucleus using the bremsstrahlung spectrum.

N. Takigawa; Y. Nozawa; K. Hagino; A. Ono; D. M. Brink

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

New Approaches to Differential Mobility Analysis for Airborne Measurements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to Differential Mobility to Differential Mobility Analysis for Airborne Measurements Rick Flagan Chemical Engineering and Environmental Science and Engineering California Institute of Technology Pasadena, CA 91125 Support: NSF, ONR, Davidow Foundation Differential Mobility Analysis Air Sample Aerosol Charger/Neutralizer (Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization) Sheath Air Q sh ~ 10 Q a Volumetric flow rate Q s Exhaust Q ex =Q sh Differential Mobility Analyzer DMA (Aerodynamic Analog of Sector Mass Spectrometer) E F e =eE F drag = 6πµR p V C slip (λ /R p ) CPC Q a =Q s Steady or Scanned Voltage Migration Velocity * Mobility * Peclet number for migration v E = Z p E Z p = n p e k B T D Pe mig = electrophoretic migration diffusive transport = bv E D = bn p eE k B T Singly Charged Particles  Radial DMA  Cylindrical DMA E = V b Pe = eV k B T E =

292

Application Of Airborne Thermal Infrared Imagery To Geothermal Exploration  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thermal Infrared Imagery To Geothermal Exploration Thermal Infrared Imagery To Geothermal Exploration Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Application Of Airborne Thermal Infrared Imagery To Geothermal Exploration Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Burlington Northern (BN) conducted TIR surveys using a fixed wing aircraft over 17 different geothermal prospects in Washington, Montana and Wyoming because of this remote sensing tool's ability to detect variations in the heat emitted from the earth's surface. The surveys were flown at an average elevation of 5000 ft. above the ground surface which gave a spatial resolution of approximately 7 feet diameter. BN found thermal activity which had not been recognized previously in some prospects (e.g., Lester,

293

Final report. Electro-Seise, Inc., Airborne Survey  

SciTech Connect

The Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center (RMOTC) has recently completed a test of an airborne microgravity and electric field sensing technology developed by Electro-Seise, Inc. of Fort Worth, Texas. The test involved the use of a single engine airplane to gather data over the Teapot Dome oil field along a tight grid spacing and along thirty (30) survey lines. The resultant gravity structure maps, based on the field data, were found to overlay the known structure of Teapot Dome. In addition, fault maps, based on the field data, were consistent with the known fault strike at Teapot Dome. Projected hydrocarbon thickness maps corresponded to some of the known production histories at RMOTC. Exceptions to the hydrocarbon thickness maps were also found to be true.

Schulte, Ralph

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Concentrations of dissolved radon-222 in water from selected wells and springs in Idaho, 1989-91  

SciTech Connect

Concentrations of dissolved radon-222, a naturally occurring radioactive gas, are found in water in Idaho. The U.S. Geological Survey collected water samples for radon-222 analyses from 338 Idaho wells and springs during 1989-91. These water samples were collected as part of ongoing monitoring programs with the Idaho Department of Water Resources and the U.S. Department of Energy. Concentrations of dissolved radon-222 in 372 of the water samples ranged from -58{+-}30 to 5,715{+-}66 picocuries per liter; the mean and median concentrations were 446{+-}35 and 242{+-}25 picocuries per liter, respectively.

Cecil, L.D.; Parliman, D.J.; Edwards, D.D.; Young, H.W.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

QA programme for radon and its short-lived progeny measuring instruments in NRPI Prague  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......radon using a radium water solution standard with...to 2 bars of absolute atmospheric pressure with a system...store tank up to normal atmospheric pressure, which is...carnauba wax aerosol generator, pump, etc.) and...carnauba wax aerosol generator, production of well-defined......

K. Jlek; J. Thomas; M. Brabec

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Protection from radon exposure at home and at work in the directive 2013/59/Euratom  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......national action plan). The basic...basic safety standards. On the other...are kept under review. This situation...transpose such standards into national...Radon action plan) and in Annex...schedules for reviews of the action plan (10) strategy......

F. Bochicchio

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Radon entry rate analyses using in situ tracer gas method application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......indoor environment, standard methods of radon diagnosis...ventilation (specific modes of HVAC systems operation...for new houses given in standards. Table-5. Results...efforts to comply with the standard requirements on new buildings...services in buildings like HVAC systems, water and gas......

A. Fro?ka; K. Jlek

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Monitoring trends in civil engineering and their effect on indoor radon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......with natural floors and clay houses. RADON AND ENERGY-EFFICIENT...In the European Union, the housing sector is currently responsible...building to reach a high level of energy efficiency. Within the EU-project...37 low-energy and passive houses in Austria. Both long-term......

W. Ringer

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

A TIME-DEPENDENT METHOD FOR CHARACTERIZING THE DIFFUSION OF RADON-222 IN CONCRETE  

SciTech Connect

The porosity and diffusion length of concrete have been determined by measuring the time-dependent diffusion of radon through a thin slab of the material, One surface of the slab is exposed to a large, fixed radon concentration beginning at t=0. The radon that diffuses out of a portion of the opposite surface is collected during several contiguous time intervals. The total activity collected over a set of intervals beginning at t=0 and the steady-state flux of activity are used to calculate the porosity and diffusion length, As a test of these parameters, they are then used to predict the activity collected during other time intervals and for other sample thicknesses, Samples from two types of concrete were tested: one type yielded a porosity of 0.068 and a diffusion length of 12.6 cm; the respective values for the other were 0.32 and 16.9 cm. The predicted and experimental results agreed well, thereby verifying the assumption that concrete may be treated as a homogenous diffusion medium for radon.

Zapalac, Geordie H.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Prevention of Lung Cancer by Remediation of Residential Exposure to Radon Daughters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Exposure to Radon Daughters J.A. Mahaffey F.T. Cross J.R. Johnson M.C. Baechler The United States Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), as a part of an energy conservation programme in the states of Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Wyoming......

J.A. Mahaffey; F.T. Cross; J.R. Johnson; M.C. Baechler

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Dosimetric and epidemiological approaches to assessing radon doses?can the differences be reconciled?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......reconcile the two approaches. This is of importance...INTRODUCTION The management of the risk of...based on one of two approaches. The first uses...National Academy of Sciences and National Research...Amsterdam: Elsevier Science) (2003). Dosimetric...epidemiological approaches to assessing radon......

John W. Stather

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Does the Addition of Fly Ash to Concrete Present a Radon Hazard? J. A. Siegel1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Street, Suite 450, Austin, Texas, 78701, USA Summary: Fly ash, a waste material from coal-fired power of fly ash [9]. Fly ash is a waste material from coal fired power plants; when added to concrete, fly ashDoes the Addition of Fly Ash to Concrete Present a Radon Hazard? J. A. Siegel1 , M. Juenger1 and J

Siegel, Jeffrey

303

Filter for on-line air monitor unaffected by radon progeny and method of using same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for testing air having contaminants and radon progeny therein. The apparatus includes a sampling box having an inlet for receiving the air and an outlet for discharging the air. The sampling box includes a filter made of a plate of sintered stainless steel. The filter traps the contaminants, yet allows at least a portion of the radon progeny to pass therethrough. A method of testing air having contaminants and radon progeny therein. The method includes providing a testing apparatus that has a sampling box with an inlet for receiving the air and an outlet for discharging the air, and has a sintered stainless steel filter disposed within said sampling box; drawing air from a source into the sampling box using a vacuum pump; passing the air through the filter; monitoring the contaminants trapped by the filter; and providing an alarm when a selected level of contaminants is reached. The filter traps the contaminants, yet allows at least a portion of the radon progeny to pass therethrough.

Phillips, Terrance D. (Aiken, SC); Edwards, Howard D. (Augusta, GA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Radon Series Comp. Appl. Math 8, 129 c de Gruyter 2009 Optimal consumption and investment with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radon Series Comp. Appl. Math 8, 1�29 c de Gruyter 2009 Optimal consumption and investment investment/con- sumption problem for continuous time market models. By applying results from sto- chastic, together with margin tradings on certain financial products, the exposure to losses of investments

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

305

RADON AND RADIUM CONCENTRATION IN WATER FROM NORTH-WEST OF ROMANIA AND THE ESTIMATED DOSES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......524 Bq l1 with the average of 0.085 Bq l1...population during the consumption of water. Table-2 shows that the average of committed effective...expected doses from the consumption of water in Romania...Assessment for Radon in Homes and Workplaces...International Atomic Energy Agency. International......

M. Moldovan; V. Benea; D. C. Ni??; B. Papp; B. D. Burghele; N. Bican-Bri?an; C. Cosma

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Diurnal and seasonal variability of outdoor radon concentration in the area of the NRPI Prague  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Against Radon at Home and at Work Diurnal...designed to be low energy consuming and independent...NRPI, where hourly averages of temperature and...Typical current consumption of the entire station...Diurnal and monthly averages of measured atmospheric...are given monthly averages of a v, of the......

K. Jilek; M. Slezkova; J. Thomas

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

CORRELATIVE AND MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS OF INCREASED RADON CONCENTRATION IN UNDERGROUND LABORATORY  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......regression methods for the indoor radon measurements. Nucl. Technol. Radiat. Prot. (2014) 29(1):17-23. 4 Brun R. , Rademakers F. ROOT-an object oriented data analysis framework. Nucl. Inst. Methods Phys. Res. A (1997) 389:81. 5 Hoecker......

Dimitrije M. Maleti?; Vladimir I. Udovi?i?; Radomir M. Banjanac; Dejan R. Jokovi?; Aleksandar L. Dragi?; Nikola B. Veselinovi?; Jelena Filipovi?

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Radon spectroscopy of packet delay Andre Broido, Ryan King, Evi Nemeth, kc claffy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

techniques, specifically the Radon transform previously applied in geophysics [6] and computer tomography [7 the feasibility of Internet spectroscopy techniques for analysis of rate limiting, packet interarrival delay packet trace data, we find that delay's quantization in micro- and millisecond range is ubiquitous

California at San Diego, University of

309

395NUCLEAR ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, VOL.37 NO.4, AUGUST 2005 CONSTRUCTION OF AN ENVIRONMENTAL RADON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

395NUCLEAR ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, VOL.37 NO.4, AUGUST 2005 CONSTRUCTION OF AN ENVIRONMENTAL RADON MONITORING SYSTEM USING CR-39 NUCLEAR TRACK DETECTORS GIL HOON AHN* and JAI-KI LEE1 National Nuclear Management & Control Agency 305-600, POX 114 Yuseong, Daejeon, Korea 1 Dept. of Nuclear

310

Clean enough for industry? An airborne geophysical case study  

SciTech Connect

Data from two airborne geophysical surveys of the Department of Energy`s Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) were extremely valuable in deciding whether a 1000-acre (400 hectare) parcel of the ORR should be released to the City of Oak Ridge for industrial development. Our findings, based on electromagnetic and magnetic data, were incorporated in the federally mandated Environmental Assessment Statement (EAS), and in general supported claims that this land was never used as a hazardous waste disposal site. We estimated the amount of iron required to produce each anomaly using a simple dipole model. All anomalies with equivalent sources greater than approximately 1000 kg of iron were checked in the field, and the source of all but one identified as either a bridge, reinforced concrete debris, or a similarly benign object. Additionally, some smaller anomalies (equivalent sources of roughly 500 kg) have been checked; thus far, these also have innocuous sources. Airborne video proved invaluable in identifying logging equipment as the source of some of these anomalies. Geologic noise may account for some of the remaining anomalies. Naturally occurring accumulations of magnetic minerals in the soil on the ORR have been shown to produce anomalies which, at a sensor height of 30 m, are comparable to the anomaly produced by about 500 kg of iron. By comparison, the electronic noise of the magnetic gradiometer, 0.01--0.02 nT/m, is equivalent to only about 50--100 kg of iron at a 30 m sensor height. The electromagnetic data, combined with field mapping of karst structures, provided evidence of a northeast-southwest striking conduit spanning the parcel. The possible existence of a karst conduit led the EAS authors to conclude that this is a ``sensitive hydrologic setting.`` We conclude that aerial geophysics is an extremely cost-effective, and efficient technique for screening large tracts of land for environmental characterization.

Nyquist, J.E.; Beard, L.P.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

CP violations in ? meson decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the pion decays with intermediate on-shell neutrinos N into two electrons and a muon, ? ? eN ? ee??. We investigate the branching ratios Br = [?(?? ? e?e??+?) ?(?+ ? e+e+???)]/?(?? ? all) and the CP asymmetry ratio for such decays, in the scenario with two different on-shell neutrinos. If N is Dirac, only the lepton number conserving (LC) decays contribute (LC: ? = ?e or ); if N is Majorana, both LC and lepton number violating (LV) decays contribute (LV: or ? = ??). The results show that the CP asymmetry is in general very small, but increases and becomes ~1 when the masses of the two intermediate neutrinos get closer to each other, i.e., when their mass difference becomes comparable with their decay width, . The observation of CP violation in pion decays would be consistent with the existence of the well-motivated ?MSM model with two almost degenerate heavy neutrinos.

Gorazd Cveti?; C S Kim; Jilberto Zamora-Sa

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne profiling laser Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

profiling laser Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: airborne profiling laser Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 This special issue ofThis...

313

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne laser mapping Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: airborne laser mapping Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 This special issue ofThis special issue of...

314

The Airborne CloudAerosol Transport System: Overview and Description of the Instrument and Retrieval Algorithms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Airborne CloudAerosol Transport System (ACATS) is a Doppler wind lidar system that has recently been developed for atmospheric science capabilities at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). ACATS is also a high-spectral-resolution lidar ...

John E. Yorks; Matthew J. McGill; V. Stanley Scott; Shane W. Wake; Andrew Kupchock; Dennis L. Hlavka; William D. Hart; Patrick A. Selmer

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Design of a small fast steering mirror for airborne and aerospace applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the analysis and design of a small advanced fast steering mirror (sAFSM) for airborne and aerospace platforms. The sAFSM provides feedback-controlled articulation of two rotational axes for precision ...

Boulet, Michael Thomas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne particulate samples Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

<< < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Correlating Bioaerosol Load with PM2.5 and PM10 Concentrations Jordan Peccia1, Ann M. Dillner1,2, Justin Boreson1 Summary: an airborne sample. Figure 3:...

317

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne particles pm10 Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

<< < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Correlating Bioaerosol Load with PM2.5 and PM10 Concentrations Jordan Peccia1, Ann M. Dillner1,2, Justin Boreson1 Summary: exposure of airborne biological...

318

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne fungi particulate Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

<< < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Correlating Bioaerosol Load with PM2.5 and PM10 Concentrations Jordan Peccia1, Ann M. Dillner1,2, Justin Boreson1 Summary: of airborne particulate matter....

319

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne particulates Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

<< < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Correlating Bioaerosol Load with PM2.5 and PM10 Concentrations Jordan Peccia1, Ann M. Dillner1,2, Justin Boreson1 Summary: of airborne particulate matter....

320

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne particulate matter Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

<< < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Correlating Bioaerosol Load with PM2.5 and PM10 Concentrations Jordan Peccia1, Ann M. Dillner1,2, Justin Boreson1 Summary: of airborne particulate matter....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

NASA Cold Land Processes Experiment (CLPX 2002/03): Airborne Remote Sensing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the airborne data collected during the 2002 and 2003 Cold Land Processes Experiment (CLPX). These data include gamma radiation observations, multi- and hyperspectral optical imaging, optical altimetry, and passive and active ...

Don Cline; Simon Yueh; Bruce Chapman; Boba Stankov; Al Gasiewski; Dallas Masters; Kelly Elder; Richard Kelly; Thomas H. Painter; Steve Miller; Steve Katzberg; Larry Mahrt

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne gamma-ray spectra Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: airborne gamma-ray spectra Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Ivan De Mitri VHE Gamma Ray Astronomy 1 Very High...

323

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne gamma ray Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: airborne gamma ray Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Evaluating the Impact of Advanced Memory Systems on...

324

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne gamma-ray spectrometer Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: airborne gamma-ray spectrometer Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 GAMMA RAYS FROM MAJOR ELEMENTS BY THERMAL...

325

Modeling Plot-Level Biomass and Volume Using Airborne and Terrestrial Lidar Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The United States Forest Service (USFS) Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program provides a diverse selection of data used to assess the status of the nations forested areas using sample locations dispersed throughout the country. Airborne...

Sheridan, Ryan D.

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

326

Airborne release fractions/rates and respirable fractions for nonreactor nuclear facilities. Volume 2, Appendices  

SciTech Connect

This document contains compiled data from the DOE Handbook on Airborne Release Fractions/Rates and Respirable Fractions for Nonreactor Nuclear facilities. Source data and example facilities utilized, such as the Plutonium Recovery Facility, are included.

Not Available

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Airborne Toxic (Big 5) and GHG (CO2) Emissions: Italy 19911995  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a cursory examination of the possible evolution of airborne pollutants in Italy over the period 19911995. Also included are two brief digressions of more general scope on (i) cost-effectiv...

Peter L. Fano

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

E-Print Network 3.0 - air-borne dust conditions Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

L., Guo, J., Dan, M., Zhang, W., Wang, Z., and Hao, Z.: The air-borne particulate pollution... Discussions Regional characteristics of spring Asian dust and its impact on...

329

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne heavy metals Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

61 Subpart H: National Emission... - sions, and Table 4-1 presents the airborne release data from each of these facilities during 2003... County Article 12, which regulates storage...

330

Airborne CO2 DIAL measurement of atmospheric tracer gas concentration distributions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An airborne differential absorption lidar system employing high-energy line-tunable CO2 lasers has been used to map cross-plume vertical distributions resulting from a...

Uthe, Edward E

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Airborne Particulate Matter in HVAC Systems and its Influence on Indoor Air Quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper first reviews the mechanisms governing movement of PMs in HVAC systems. Then, the basic equations governing PM deposition in ducts are introduced and investigations on airborne PMs distribution in HVAC systems are reviewed. The influence...

Fu, Z.; Li, N.; Wang, H.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne particle generated Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is being developed for airborne... consider the issue of convective heat transfer to the ice and water particles moving with the air flow... particles larger than 100 m are...

333

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne particles generated Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is being developed for airborne... consider the issue of convective heat transfer to the ice and water particles moving with the air flow... particles larger than 100 m are...

334

E-Print Network 3.0 - accidental airborne releases Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

release in: 1987 12 kg TEQs 1995 3 kg TEQs 12;Human... Exposure to Dioxins Airborne dioxins bind to particles and deposit on plants, soil and in waterways Primary... ;Accidental...

335

Uncertainties Associated with Combining Airborne and Ground-Based Doppler Radar Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Observations with airborne Doppler radar can expand the area of coverage and extend the time a moving weather system can remain under observation. Also, additional analysis methods are possible with the increase in independent estimates of the ...

Peter S. Ray; David P. Jorgensen

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

AIRBORNE, OPTICAL REMOTE SENSNG OF METHANE AND ETHANE FOR NATURAL GAS PIPELINE LEAK DETECTION  

SciTech Connect

Ophir Corporation was awarded a contract by the U. S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory under the Project Title ''Airborne, Optical Remote Sensing of Methane and Ethane for Natural Gas Pipeline Leak Detection'' on October 14, 2002. The scope of the work involved designing and developing an airborne, optical remote sensor capable of sensing methane and, if possible, ethane for the detection of natural gas pipeline leaks. Flight testing using a custom dual wavelength, high power fiber amplifier was initiated in February 2005. Ophir successfully demonstrated the airborne system, showing that it was capable of discerning small amounts of methane from a simulated pipeline leak. Leak rates as low as 150 standard cubic feet per hour (scf/h) were detected by the airborne sensor.

Jerry Myers

2005-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

A Portable Airborne Scanning Lidar System for Ocean and Coastal Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A portable compact airborne scanning lidar system based on the Riegl LMS-Q240i has been developed and its functionality demonstrated for oceanographic and coastal measurements. Differential GPS (DGPS) and an inertial navigation system are ...

Benjamin D. Reineman; Luc Lenain; David Castel; W. Kendall Melville

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Calculation of gamma radiation dose rate and radon concentration due to granites used as building materials in Iran  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......G. Magusa, North Cyprus, via Mersin 10, Turkey Natural radioactivity concentrations...equivalent from all natural sources of radiation...health(4). Radon gas is a radionuclide present...to determining the natural radioactivity concentration......

A. Abbasi

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Identification of anomalous radon concentrations due to geodynamic processes by elimination of Rn variations caused by other factors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......dissolved in underground water (Mishel 1987...fluctuations in atmospheric pressure (Dowell...usually a major generator of radon in underground...convection due to lower atmospheric heating. Towards...the underground water, at Fuchu Observatory......

M. Finkelstein; S. Brenner; L. Eppelbaum; E. Ne'Eman

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Influence of energy-saving measures on the radon concentration in some kindergartens in the Czech Republic  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......improvements to the energy efficiency of the buildings...increasing the energy efficiency of buildings...villa-type house built at the...et al. Home energy efficiency and radon related...Energy and Passive Houses in Austria......

I. Fojtikova; K. Navratilova Rovenska

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Formation of $??$ atoms in $K_{?4} decay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the decay rate of $\\pi\\mu$ atom formation in $K_{\\mu 4}$ decay. Using the obtained expressions we calculate the decay rate of atom formation and point out that considered decay can give a noticeable contribution as a background to the fundamental decay $K^+\\to \\pi^+\

S. R. Gevorkyan; A. V. Tarasov; O. O. Voskresenskaya

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Sediment-water chemical exchange in the coastal zone traced by in situ radon-222 flux measurements  

SciTech Connect

In situ radon-222 flux experiments conducted in benthic chambers in Cape Lookout Bight, a small marine basin on the North Carolina coast, reveal that enhanced chemical transport across the sediment-water interface during summer months is caused by abiogenic bubble tube structures. Transport rates for dissolved radon, methane, and ammonium more than three times greater than those predicted on the basis of molecular diffusion occur when open tubes are maintained by semidiurnal low-tide bubbling.

Martens, C.S. (Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill); Kipphut, G.W.; Klump, J.V.

1980-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

343

Decay of Ar41  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A weak gamma ray has been found in the decay of Ar41 to K41. The energy of the gamma ray is 1.6640.007 MeV; and its intensity, relative to that of the strong 1.293-MeV gamma ray, is (52)10-4. It is concluded from the results of conincidence measurements that this gamma ray is the result of a beta-ray branch from Ar41 leading to an excited state in K41 at 1.664 MeV. The associated logft value is found to be 7.70.3. The spin and parity of the 1.664-MeV state in K41 are most probably 52+ or 72+.

William W. Pratt

1965-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

344

Radiative Decay of the Muon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The radiative decay of the muon, ?+?e++?+?e+??, has been measured using muons from the Columbia University Nevis synchrocyclotron. The decay products e+ and ? were observed at relative angles near 180, using scintillation counters and two 9-in.10-in. NaI crystals, which enabled simultaneous measurement of the positron and ? energies. The pulses from the crystals were displayed on oscilloscopes and photographed, and the measured amplitudes of these pulses were calibrated using the positron spectrum of the nonradiative decay. The two-dimensional energy spectrum for positrons and ?'s was obtained for about 900 events, after subtraction of background. This spectrum and the measured rate, obtained by normalizing to the nonradiative decay, were compared with theoretical predictions for the radiative decay. The results were in good agreement with the theory, within statistics, for the case of pure V-A coupling.

E. Bogart; E. DiCapua; P. Nmethy; A. Strelzoff

1967-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

345

Search for neutrinoless decays of the ? lepton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have searched for neutrinoless ? decays into three charged particles. Evidence of such decays would demonstrate nonconservation of lepton flavor and, in some cases, lepton number. We see no signal for any such neutrinoless ? decays and set upper...

Baringer, Philip S.

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Airborne sound propagation over sea during offshore wind farm piling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Offshore piling for wind farm construction has attracted a lot of attention in recent years due to the extremely high noise emission levels associated with such operations. While underwater noise levels were shown to be harmful for the marine biology the propagation of airborne piling noise over sea has not been studied in detail before. In this study detailed numerical calculations have been performed with the Green's Function Parabolic Equation (GFPE) method to estimate noise levels up to a distance of 10?km. Measured noise emission levels during piling of pinpiles for a jacket-foundation wind turbine were assessed and used together with combinations of the sea surface state and idealized vertical sound speed profiles (downwind sound propagation). Effective impedances were found and used to represent non-flat sea surfaces at low-wind sea states 2 3 and 4. Calculations show that scattering by a rough sea surface which decreases sound pressure levels exceeds refractive effects which increase sound pressure levels under downwind conditions. This suggests that the presence of wind even when blowing downwind to potential receivers is beneficial to increase the attenuation of piling sound over the sea. A fully flat sea surface therefore represents a worst-case scenario.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Dynamic mechanism of micromachined electrostatic airborne ultrasonic transducers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Micromachining technology allows electrostatic (or capacitive) airborne ultrasonic transducers to be made with highly reproducible characteristics thus providing the possibility to model their behaviors reliably. The behavior of a transducer depends on its geometric structure and the materials to be used. Its mechanical stiffness results from the compressibility of air in cavities the bending stiffness of the diaphragm and the plane tension applied to the diaphragm if any. It is clarified that there are two main types of dynamic mechanisms according to different structures. In one type in which the air in cavities is enclosed the diaphragm can be treated as a thin plate supported by an air spring or a plate founded on an air cushion thus adopting the plate?on?airspring model or short?tube model such as those transducers with V?grooved U?grooved or pit?array?texture backplates [L.?F. Ge Chin. Sci. Bull. Acad. Sin. 10 (1997)]. In a second type air is not enclosed so that the effect of air spring can be omitted thereby taking the membrane?under?tension model such as conventional condenser microphones and ultrasonic transducers with acoustic holes. Resonant frequencies of a transducer can be determined by the vanishing of the reactance of its inversive impedance [L.?F. Ge J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 96 3318 (1994)]. [Work supported by the 211 Engineering Foundation of Anhui University.

Li?Feng Ge

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Vus and neutron beta decay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the effect of the recent change of $V_{\\rm us}$ by three standard deviations on the standard model predictions for neutron beta decay observables. We also discuss the effect the experimental error bars of $V_{\\rm us}$ have on such predictions. Refined precision tests of the standard model will be made by a combined effort to improve measurements in neutron beta decay and in strangeness-changing decays. By itself the former will yield very precise measurements of $V_{\\rm ud}$ and make also very precise predictions for $V_{\\rm us}$.

A. Garcia; G. Sanchez-Colon

2010-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

349

Computer code for double beta decay QRPA based calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The Enriched Xenon Observatory for neutrinoless double beta decay (EXO) will search for the rare decays

Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

350

CP violation in sbottom decays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study CP asymmetries in two-body decays of bottom squarks into charginos and tops. These asymmetries probe the SUSY CP phases of the sbottom and the chargino sector in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. We identify the MSSM parameter space where the CP asymmetries are sizeable, and analyze the feasibility of their observation at the LHC. As a result, potentially detectable CP asymmetries in sbottom decays are found, which motivates further detailed experimental studies for probing the SUSY CP phases.

Frank F. Deppisch; Olaf Kittel

2010-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

351

Neutrinoless Double Beta-Decay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The neutrinoless double $\\beta$-decay of nuclei is reviewed. We discuss neutrino mixing and 3x3 PMNS neutrino mixing matrix. Basic theory of neutrinoless double $\\beta$-decay is presented in some details. Results of different calculations of nuclear matrix element are discussed. Experimental situation is considered. The Appendix is dedicated to E. Majorana (brief biography and his paper in which the theory of Majorana particles is given)

S. M. Bilenky

2010-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

352

Emissions of airborne toxics from coal-fired boilers: Mercury  

SciTech Connect

Concerns over emissions of hazardous air Pollutants (air toxics) have emerged as a major environmental issue, and the authority of the US Environmental Protection Agency to regulate such pollutants was greatly expanded through the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. Mercury has been singled out for particular attention because of concerns over possible effects of emissions on human health. This report evaluates available published information on the mercury content of coals mined in the United States, on mercury emitted in coal combustion, and on the efficacy of various environmental control technologies for controlling airborne emissions. Anthracite and bituminous coals have the highest mean-mercury concentrations, with subbituminous coals having the lowest. However, all coal types show very significant variations in mercury concentrations. Mercury emissions from coal combustion are not well-characterized, particularly with regard to determination of specific mercury compounds. Variations in emission rates of more than an order of magnitude have been reported for some boiler types. Data on the capture of mercury by environmental control technologies are available primarily for systems with electrostatic precipitators, where removals of approximately 20% to over 50% have been reported. Reported removals for wet flue-gas-desulfurization systems range between 35 and 95%, while spray-dryer/fabric-filter systems have given removals of 75 to 99% on municipal incinerators. In all cases, better data are needed before any definitive judgments can be made. This report briefly reviews several areas of research that may lead to improvements in mercury control for existing flue-gas-clean-up technologies and summarizes the status of techniques for measuring mercury emissions from combustion sources.

Huang, H.S.; Livengood, C.D.; Zaromb, S.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

IMPORTANCE OF NEUTRINOLESS DOUBLE BETA DECAY Abstract  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

number violation in nature and what is its magnitude. The neutrinoless double beta decay experiment can

U. Sarkar; Utpal Sarkar

354

An investigation of radon exhalation rate and estimation of radiation doses in coal and fly ash samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coal is a technologically important material used for power generation. Its cinder (fly ash) is used in the manufacturing of bricks, sheets, cement, land filling etc. Coal and its by-products often contain significant amounts of radionuclides, including uranium which is the ultimate source of the radioactive gas radon. Burning of coal and the subsequent atmospheric emission cause the redistribution of toxic radioactive trace elements in the environment. In the present study, radon exhalation rates in coal and fly ash samples from the thermal power plants at Kolaghat (W.B.) and Kasimpur (U.P.) have been measured using sealed Can technique having LR-115 type II detectors. The activity concentrations of 238U, 232Th, and 40K in the samples of Kolaghat power station are also measured. It is observed that the radon exhalation rate from fly ash samples from Kolaghat is higher than from coal samples and activity concentration of radionuclides in fly ash is enhanced after the combustion of coal. Fly ash samples from Kasimpur show no appreciable change in radon exhalation. Radiation doses from the fly ash samples have been estimated from radon exhalation rate and radionuclide concentrations.

A.K. Mahur; Rajesh Kumar; Meena Mishra; D. Sengupta; Rajendra Prasad

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

In-vivo measurements of Pb-210 to determine cumulative exposure to radon daughters: A pilot study. Final report, 1 March, 1990--May 31, 1991  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of estimating cumulative exposure of individuals to low concentrations of radon by measuring the amount of Pb-A-10 in their skeletons. This report presents progress to date establishing the validity of an vivo technique to measure skeletal burdens of Pb-210, accumulated from exposure to radon and radon progeny. With the skeletal content of Pb--210 and a model for Pb metabolism, cumulative exposure to radon and its short-lived daughters (radon/daughters) may be calculated for use in deriving a dose-response relationship between lung cancer and exposure to radon/daughters. Data are presented for 29 subjects exposed to ``above-average`` radon concentrations in their homes, showing the correlation between measured Pb--210 burdens, and measured pCi/l and WLM exposure estimates. Their results are compared to measurements of a population of 24 subject`s presumed exposed to average concentrations. Measurements of a Pennsylvania family exposed for a year in a home with an extremely high radon content are also presented. Update of results of an ongoing study of the biological half-time of Pb--210 in man involving measurements, of a retired radiation worker with a 40 year old skeletal burden of Pb-210.

Laurer, G.R.; Cohen, N. [New York Univ. Medical Center, Tuxedo, NY (United States). Dept. of Environmental Medicine; Stark, A.; Ju, C. [New York State Dept. of Health, Albany, NY (United States). Bureau of Environmental and Occupational Epidemiology

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Ground-Based and Airborne (PMS 2-D Probe Canister-Mounted) 183 GHz Water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ground-Based and Airborne (PMS 2-D Probe Canister-Mounted) 183 GHz Water Ground-Based and Airborne (PMS 2-D Probe Canister-Mounted) 183 GHz Water Vapor Radiometer Pazmany, Andrew ProSensing Inc. Category: Instruments ProSensing Inc. has developed a G-band (183 GHz, 1.5 mm wavelength) water vapor radiometer (GVR) for the measurement of low concentrations of atmospheric water vapor and liquid water. The instrument's precipitable water vapor measurement precision is approximately 0.01 mm in dry (<2 mm vapor column) conditions. The ground-based version of the instrument was first deployed at ProSensing's facility in Amherst, MA in February 2005, then at the North Slope of Alaska DOE ARM site in Barrow AK in April 2005, where it has been continuously operating since. An airborne version, designed to operate from a standard PMS 2-D probe canister, is now being

357

A refined biomonitoring study of airborne particulate matter pollution in Rome, with magnetic measurements on Quercus Ilex tree leaves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......delineate spatial airborne anthropogenic PM...the PM magnetic fraction which can then be...constructions or natural fires. This study has...particles in the airborne PM by means of standard...idling cars do not release an equally high...of the magnetic fraction. In this study......

Michael Sznyi; Leonardo Sagnotti; Ann M. Hirt

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Experimental charmonium decay results from BES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on 14 million psi(2S) and 58 million J/psi events collected by the BESII detector, the leptonic decay of psi(2S) into $\\tau^+\\tau^-$, psi(2S) multi-body decays, chi_cJ decays, and J/psi hadronic decays are studied, and the branching fractions of these decays are reported. These results may shed light on the understanding of QCD.

Ping Rong-Gang; F. A. Harris; for BES collaboration

2007-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

359

Size Distributions of Airborne Radionuclides from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident at Several Places in Europe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Size Distributions of Airborne Radionuclides from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident at Several Places in Europe ... (8) After about 10 days following the beginning of the releases, contaminated air masses reached Europe and yielded to an unusual airborne concentration for 23 weeks,(8) even if this was of no concern for public health thanks to atmospheric dispersion and deposition along the route from Japan. ... (35) In our opinion this gas-to-particle conversion results mainly from the adsorption of gas on particles. ...

Olivier Masson; Wolfgang Ringer; Helena Mal; Petr Rulik; Magdalena Dlugosz-Lisiecka; Konstantinos Eleftheriadis; Olivier Meisenberg; Anne De Vismes-Ott; Franois Gensdarmes

2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

360

Alpha decay of Fr215  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ?-decay property of Fr215 has been studied by the pulsed-beam method, in which Fr215 was produced in the Bi209(C12,?2n) reaction and its ? decay was measured between natural beam bursts of the cyclotron. The ground state of Fr215 was found to decay with E?=9.3550.010 MeV and t12=0.120.02 ?sec. The reduced ? width of Fr215 is shown to fit the systematical trend of N=128 isotones very well and to agree with the simple shell-model calculation. Distributions of recoil angles for reaction products in the (C12,?xn) reaction were found to be quite different from those for (C12,xn) products, giving a convenient method of distinguishing these reaction products.[NUCLEAR REACTIONS Bi209(C12,xn), Bi209(C12,?xn), E=73-80 MeV; measured ? decay and W(?) of reaction products, E?, t12; deduced ?-decay width of Fr215.

T. Nomura; K. Hiruta; M. Yoshie; O. Hashimoto

1974-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

The ENVIRAD project: a way to control and to teach how to protect from high indoor radon level  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The environmental radioactivity (ENVIRAD) project involves students of Italian secondary schools with the aim to make them acquainted with the radon measurement techniques. The first step of the project has consisted of the introduction of the participants into some themes not treated in usual curricula to supply the student with the cultural skill to carry out survey about radon concentrations in the school and eventually in other buildings. The second ENVIRAD's part is the creation of a network for the continuous on-line measurements of radon exhalation from soil for geophysical applications. The feasibility of the project has been verified by 1-year work with a pilot school during the season 2002/2003. In the following year, 18 schools will join the project.

A.M. Esposito; M. Ambrosio; E. Balzano; L. Gialanella; M. Pugliese; V. Roca; M. Romano; C. Sabbarese; G. Venoso

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Thermodynamics of decaying vacuum cosmologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The thermodynamic behavior of decaying vacuum cosmologies is investigated within a manifestly covariant formulation. Such a process corresponds to a continuous, irreversible energy flow from the vacuum component to the created matter constituents. It is shown that if the specific entropy per particle remains constant during the process, the equilibrium relations are preserved. In particular, if the vacuum decays into photons, the energy density ? and average number density of photons n scale with the temperature as ??T4 and n?T3. The temperature law is determined and a generalized Planckian-type form of the spectrum, which is preserved in the course of the evolution, is also proposed. Some consequences of these results for decaying vacuum FRW-type cosmologies as well as for models with "adiabatic" photon creation are discussed.

J. A. S. Lima

1996-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

363

Current Algebras and Meson Decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By using quark-algebra equal-time commutation relations and a smooth pole-dominated form for the vector-vector-axial-vector vertex in the high-energy limit, one can describe the radiative decays of the vector mesons and the ??3? decay in excellent agreement with experimental data. It is shown, however, that if we exploit all equations this procedure gives, we get into contradictions. By introducing a non-smooth amplitude, the contradictions can be eliminated in such a way that the good predictions of the smooth case remain unaltered. The various aspects of the results are discussed.

Tibor Nagy

1970-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

ARM - Field Campaign - NASA Coordinated Airborne CO2 Lidar Flight Test  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsNASA Coordinated Airborne CO2 Lidar Flight Test Campaign govCampaignsNASA Coordinated Airborne CO2 Lidar Flight Test Campaign Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : NASA Coordinated Airborne CO2 Lidar Flight Test Campaign 2009.07.27 - 2009.08.07 Lead Scientist : Edward Browell For data sets, see below. Description This airborne field test campaign was designed to obtain a coordinated set of remote CO2 Laser Absorption Spectrometer (LAS) measurements using the NASA Langley/ITT 1.57-micron Continuous-Wave (CW) LAS operating from the NASA Langley UC-12 aircraft; the NASA Goddard 1.57-micron pulsed LAS operating from the NASA Glenn Lear-25 aircraft; and the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory 2.0-micron CW-coherent LAS operating from a contracted Twin Otter aircraft. These remote LAS CO2 column measurements were compared with

365

The Airborne Aero-Optics Laboratory, AAOL Eric J. Jumpera1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and around an aircraft has on a laser projected or received by an optical system. The background also the usefulness of airborne high-energy lasers [1]. The ALL used a carbon-dioxide, gas- dynamic laser; but, the laser's long wavelength (10.6 m) limited its range and intensity on target. From a diffraction

Gordeyev, Stanislav

366

KuROS: A New Airborne Ku-Band Doppler Radar for Observation of Surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study presents the new airborne Doppler radar Ku-Band Radar for Observation of Surfaces (KuROS), which provides measurements of the normalized radar cross section ? and of the Doppler velocity over the sea. The system includes two antennas ...

Grard Caudal; Danile Hauser; Ren Valentin; Christophe Le Gac

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Airborne wear particles railway research group FEM Simulation of train disc brake behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Airborne wear particles railway research group FEM Simulation of train disc brake behavior a modern train disc brake with brake caliper and high speed pads. During braking, a considerable amount. A model of train brake caliper Aim The overall aim of the MSc degree project is to develop a thermoelastic

Haviland, David

368

DETECTION OF IMPULSE-LIKE AIRBORNE SOUND FOR DAMAGE IDENTIFICATION IN ROTOR BLADES OF WIND TURBINES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DETECTION OF IMPULSE-LIKE AIRBORNE SOUND FOR DAMAGE IDENTIFICATION IN ROTOR BLADES OF WIND TURBINES burdens of wind turbines. To detect damage of rotor blades, several research projects focus on an acoustic, rotor blade, wind turbine INTRODUCTION There are several publications of non destructive damage

Boyer, Edmond

369

Airborne release fraction -ARF- and respirable fraction -RF- for foot pack cans in fires  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this analysis is to provide the airborne release fraction (ARF), respirable fraction (RF) and respirable release as a fraction of initial mass for Food Pack Cans (FPCs) containing plutonium powders (e.g., oxide) that become pressurized to the point of bursting in a fire.

CARSON, D.M.

2002-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

370

Savannah River Site Ingestion Pathway Methodology Manual for Airborne Radioactive Releases  

SciTech Connect

This manual documents a recommended methodology for determining the ingestion pathway consequences of hypothetical accidental airborne radiological releases from facilities at the Savannah River Site. Both particulate and tritiated radioactive contaminants are addressed. Other approaches should be applied for evaluation of routine releases.

Vincent, A.W. III

2001-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

371

Airborne observations of methane emissions from rice cultivation in the Sacramento Valley of California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the California Air Resources Board (CARB) greenhouse gas inventory emission rate of 2.7 ? 1010 g CH4/yr is not accounted for in the CARB inventory. Citation: Peischl, J., et al. (2012), Airborne observations of methane California, which include livestock, landfills, wastewater treatment, oil and gas drilling and distribution

Cohen, Ronald C.

372

Analysis and Design of a Novel Three-Level LLCC Inverter Supplying an Airborne Piezoelectric  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis and Design of a Novel Three-Level LLCC Inverter Supplying an Airborne Piezoelectric Brake on the investigation of a novel single-phase three-level PWM inverter in the kW power range, feeding a high power multi suit best to the needs of ultrasonic motors has been conducted. A resonant inverter with LLCC

Paderborn, Universität

373

Short-Term Temporal Variability in Airborne Bacterial and Fungal Populations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142 Airborne microorganisms...conditions (e.g., wind speed, solar radiation, and humidity...at the Broad Institute of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and...hPa) 836 833 829 831 833 Solar irradiance (W m2) 394 628...

Noah Fierer; Zongzhi Liu; Mari Rodrguez-Hernndez; Rob Knight; Matthew Henn; Mark T. Hernandez

2007-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

374

IONOSPHERIC THREATS TO THE INTEGRITY OF AIRBORNE GPS USERS A DISSERTATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IONOSPHERIC THREATS TO THE INTEGRITY OF AIRBORNE GPS USERS A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED threats to user safety if left unmitigated. This work identifies when such disturbances may occur using indicates the need for a non-trivial threat model for the Federal Aviation Administration's Local Area

Stanford University

375

Resuspension of Soil as a Source of Airborne Lead near Industrial Facilities and Highways  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Resuspension of Soil as a Source of Airborne Lead near Industrial Facilities and Highways ... To examine the potential significance of this mechanism, surface soil samples with a range of bulk soil Pb concentrations were obtained near five industrial facilities and along roadsides and were resuspended in a specially designed laboratory chamber. ...

Thomas M Young; Deo A. Heeraman; Gorkem Sirin; Lowell L. Ashbaugh

2002-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

376

Control of Airborne Wind Energy Systems Based on Nonlinear Model Predictive Control & Moving Horizon Estimation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tethered to the ground at a high velocity across the wind direction. Power can be generated by a, the first option is considered. Because it involves a much lighter structure, a major advantage of powerControl of Airborne Wind Energy Systems Based on Nonlinear Model Predictive Control & Moving

377

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY 1 Airborne Wind Energy Based on Dual Airfoils  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

airfoil systems, but they are less advantageous at very large scales. Index Terms--Airborne wind energy Wind Energy (AWE) paradigm proposes to eliminate the structural elements not directly involved in power Wind Energy [17]. Crosswind flight extracts power from the airflow by flying an airfoil tethered

378

Estimation and Mapping of Hurricane Turbulent Energy Using Airborne Doppler Measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hurricane turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) was computed using airborne Doppler measurements from the NOAA WP-3D tail radars, and TKE data were retrieved for a variety of storms at different stages of their life cycle. The geometry of the radar ...

Sylvie Lorsolo; Jun A. Zhang; Frank Marks Jr.; John Gamache

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Economic Sources and Spatial Distribution of Airborne Chromium Risks in the U.S.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Economic Sources and Spatial Distribution of Airborne Chromium Risks in the U.S. ... Electric power utilities emit Cr(VI) during combustion of chromium-containing fossil fuels, such as coal and oil (22). ... Modern technology, together with an advanced economy, can provide a good or service in myriad ways, giving us choices on what to produce and how to produce it. ...

Amanda P. Rehr; Mitchell J. Small; H. Scott Matthews; Chris T. Hendrickson

2010-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

380

EXTENSION OF AN AUTOMATIC BUILDING EXTRACTION TECHNIQUE TO AIRBORNE LASER SCANNER DATA CONTAINING DAMAGED BUILDINGS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXTENSION OF AN AUTOMATIC BUILDING EXTRACTION TECHNIQUE TO AIRBORNE LASER SCANNER DATA CONTAINING DAMAGED BUILDINGS F. Tarsha-Kurdi a , M. Rehor b , T. Landes a , P. Grussenmeyer a , H.-P. Bähr b-peter.baehr)@ipf.uni-karlsruhe.de KEY WORDS: Laser scanning, LIDAR, Point Cloud, DSM, Segmentation, Extraction, Building, Disaster

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Interference Effects in Leptonic Decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is proven that in any leptonic decay experiment in which the lepton masses and charges may be neglected, and in which no pseudoscalar correlations are measured, all VA interference terms will be antisymmetric under exchange of the two leptons, while the pure V and A terms will be symmetric. If the experiment measures a pseudoscalar correlation, these conclusions are reversed. Even if the lepton masses cannot be ignored (e.g., for ?0??-+?+p, or low-energy ? decay) it is still true that no VA interference may appear when scalars are measured, and only VA interference may contribute when pseudoscalars are measured, providing that the lepton spins and momenta are not directly observed. Thus experiments can be devised that involve no interference effects, or only interference effects. This theorem holds independently of the strangeness change, spin change, energy transfer, or of any particular assumptions about the form of the V and A currents. It proves most useful when it is difficult or tedious to calculate transition rates directly. Applications are discussed, including possible tests of the Feynman-Gell-Mann theory in nonunique forbidden ? decay, of the nature of the leptonic ?0 and K0 decay interaction, and of the charge symmetry properties of weak interactions.

Steven Weinberg

1959-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

382

?-Meson Decay into Three Electrons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decay ?-?e-+e-+e+ via internal conversion is computed using a phenomenological matrix element for the ?e? interaction. The result is compared with present experimental limits for this process and the results concerning the form factors in the matrix element are discussed. The energy distribution of the emitted electrons is also computed.

M. Bander and G. Feinberg

1960-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

383

Beta decay of Ga-62  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report a study of the beta decay of Ga-62, whose dominant branch is a superallowed 0(+)-->0(+) transition to the ground state of Zn-62. We find the total half-life to be 115.84+/-0.25 ms. This is the first time that the Ga-62 half-life has been...

Hyman, BC; Iacob, VE; Azhari, A.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Hardy, John C.; Mayes, VE; Neilson, RG; Sanchez-Vega, M.; Tang, X.; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Bragg scattering measurement of atmospheric plasma decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decay processes of the plasma layers generated by two intersecting microwave pulses in 1 torr dry air are investigated by Bragg scattering method. The results of measurement show that the electrons decay i...

Y. S. Zhang; S. P. Kuo

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Causes and Control of Wood Decay,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Causes and Control of Wood Decay, Degradation & Stain #12;2 Contents Moisture .................................................................................3 Wood Degradation: Causes and Control..............................4 Weathering......................................................................................................4 Naturally Decay-resistant Species...........................................................5 Wood

386

NEUTRINOLESS DOUBLE BETA DECAY AND ITS INVERSE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

subsequently published arguments, non-observation of neutrinoless double beta decay has, to date, no bearing on

Clemens A. Heusch; Peter Minkowski

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and CP Violation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

neutrinoless double beta decay in the case of two neutrino generations (or when the third generation leptons do

Patrick J. Odonnell; Utpal Sarkar

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Decays of near BPS heterotic strings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decay of highly excited massive string states in compactified heterotic string theories is discussed. We calculate the decay rate and spectrum of states carrying momentum and winding in the compactified direction. The longest lived states in the spectrum are near Bogomolnyi-Prasad-Sommerfield (BPS) states whose decay is dominated by a single decay channel of massless radiation which brings the state closer to being BPS.

Michael Gutperle and Darya Krym

2006-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

389

Imperfect World of $??$-decay Nuclear Data Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The precision of double-beta ($\\beta\\beta$) decay experimental half lives and their uncertainties is reanalyzed. The method of Benford's distributions has been applied to nuclear reaction, structure and decay data sets. First-digit distribution trend for $\\beta\\beta$-decay T$_{1/2}^{2\

B. Pritychenko

2015-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

390

Double beta decay: experiments and theory review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutrinoless double beta decay is one of the most powerful tools to set the neutrino mass absolute scale and establish whether the neutrino is a Majorana particle. After a summary of the neutrinoless double beta decay phenomenology, the present status of the experimental search for this rare decay is reported and the prospects for next generation experiments are reviewed.

A. Nucciotti

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

391

A First Look at Tree Decay An Introduction to How Injury and Decay Affect Trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A First Look at Tree Decay An Introduction to How Injury and Decay Affect Trees by Kevin T. Smith Look at Tree Decay Photosynthesis and decay are the two most essential processes in nature. Photosynthesis by green plants captures and stores energy from the sun. This energy is used to form wood

392

Radon monitoring in groundwater samples from some areas of northern Rajasthan, India, using a RAD7 detector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......and groundwater. Natural water contains dissolved...rocks(1). Radon gas and its radioactive...water samples from Cyprus and Greece in the...16.29.3 (8) Cyprus 0.3-20 5.9...water in Greece and Cyprus: implications to...water from various natural sources using nuclear......

Asha Rani; Rohit Mehra; Vikas Duggal

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

The Dispersion of Radon Above Deeply Buried Uranium Ore: Millennium Deposit, Athabasca Basin, SK , K Hattori1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Dispersion of Radon Above Deeply Buried Uranium Ore: Millennium Deposit, Athabasca Basin, SK M, Ottawa, ON, 2 Cameco Corporation, Saskatoon, SK Depth Profiles Canada Mining Innovation Council Natural., Portella, P., Olson, R.A., 2007. Unconformity- associated uranium deposits of the Athabasca Basin

394

A pilot study of the dependence of radon concentration on the tectonic structures, using simple geophysical methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......concentration of 40K and uranium is more or less stable. The low radon and uranium concentrations measured...supported by the research plan MSM6840770040 of...McMurry P. H. A review of atmospheric aerosol...Plastino W. , et al. Uranium groundwater anomalies...main unit with standard accessories, multi-electrode......

L. Thinova; A. Fronka; K. Rovenska

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Residential Radon Exposure, Histologic Types, and Lung Cancer Risk. A CaseControl Study in Galicia, Spain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...a federal action plan for saving lives...Radon_Action_Plan.pdf . 6. A citizen's...exposure? A systematic review.Int J Radiat Biol...and American Indian uranium miners: an update...carcinoma in German uranium miners.Cancer 2006...was measured using standard procedures. Results...

Juan Miguel Barros-Dios; Alberto Ruano-Ravina; Mnica Prez-Ros; Margarita Castro-Bernrdez; Jose Abal-Arca; and Marta Tojo-Castro

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Residential Radon Exposure, Histologic Types, and Lung Cancer Risk. A CaseControl Study in Galicia, Spain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...in miners (WISMUT Mining Company) have revealed...Perez-Rios Writing, review, and/or revision...a federal action plan for saving lives...Radon_Action_Plan.pdf . 6. A citizen's...exposure? A systematic review.Int J Radiat Biol...was measured using standard procedures. Results...

Juan Miguel Barros-Dios; Alberto Ruano-Ravina; Mnica Prez-Ros; Margarita Castro-Bernrdez; Jose Abal-Arca; and Marta Tojo-Castro

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Estimation of mean annual effective dose through radon concentration in the water and indoor air of Islamabad and Murree  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......strength to the energy of alpha particle...particles of different energies. Different isotopes...different alpha energies and produce different...about 30 min, the average radon content is...estimate of water consumption (60 la1), respectively...having ventilated homes structure, though......

N. Ali; E. U. Khan; P. Akhter; F. Khan; A. Waheed

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Radon (Rn-222) and thoron (Rn-220) emanation fractions from three separate formations of oil field pipe scale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

because of the external radiation exposure but also because of the radon gas emissions, both of which are due to the radioactive minerals contained in the scale. It was believed that the structure of the scale is formed tightly enough to prevent much...

Fruchtnicht, Erich Harold

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

399

Radon concentration in drinking water and supplementary exposure in Bia-tei mining area, Bihor county (Romania)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......partially of the Sectoral Operational Programme-Increase of Economic Competitiveness co-financed by the European Regional Development...Heloisa F. Radon (222Rn) concentration in indoor air near the coal mining area of Nui Beo, North of Vietnam. J. Environ. Radioact......

Mircea Moldovan; Dan Constantin Nita; Alexandra Cucos-Dinu; Tiberius Dicu; Nicoleta Bican-Brisan; Constantin Cosma

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Nanoscale Imaging of Airborne Particles Mike Bogan Stanford PULSE Institute, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Road,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diagnostics with an X-ray Laser? Lessons from the First Diagnostics with an X-ray Laser? Lessons from the First Nanoscale Imaging of Airborne Particles Mike Bogan Stanford PULSE Institute, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA What does airborne particulate matter look like? How do we develop quantitative descriptors for particles of complex morphology? These challenges were highlighted in the NIST workshop report "Aerosol Metrology Needs for Climate Science" (Dec, 2011). Sure, we can capture aerosol particles on surfaces - removing them from their airborne state - and probe them with high resolution optical and chemical imaging tools, but what information do we lose about the airborne particles? How can we follow dynamics? In this talk we will explore these very basic questions and their importance to combustion

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Fuzzy logic approach to supervised segmentation of forest regions infested by Southern Pine Beetle using color airborne images  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Digital image processing technique and fuzzy logic approach are used to identify forest areas infested with Southern Pine Beetle, SPB, using normal color airborne imageries in this research. This research will be used as a front end of a larger...

Ng, Kit-Tong

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Analysis of airborne visible-infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS) data of the Iron Hill, Colorado, carbonatite-alkalic igneous complex  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...obtained in the SAM analysis... airborne methods algorithms alkalic composition ash-flow tuff AVIRIS calibration carbonatites Cimmaron Fault Colorado faults geophysical methods hydrothermal alteration igneous rocks infrared methods intrusions Iron Hill Complex...

Lawrence C. Rowan; Timothy L. Bowers; James K. Crowley; Carmen Anton-Pacheco; Pablo Gumiel; Marguerite J. Kingston

403

An investigation of sea surface temperature patterns in the Gulf of Mexico as determined by an airborne infrared sensor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

radiation from the sea surface may be used to delineate reliable horizontal patterns of surface temperature. The airborne data nave revealed horizontal temperature changes of 1. 5C to 4. 0C across the boundary of the major current systems in the Gulf... Surface Temperature. . . . Radiation Characteristics of the Sea Surface. . . Atmospheric Attenuation and Emission of Long-Nave Radiation. III. INSTRPilEK'TATION AND AIRBORNE PLATFORvh . 16 General Radiometer 16 16 Aircraft and Navigational System...

Drennan, Kirby Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

404

Assessment of radon concentration and external gamma radiation level in the environs of Narwapahar uranium mine, India and its radiological significance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the environs of uranium mining, milling and processing facilities and in the uranium mineralized terrain, a little higher ambient radon concentration and gamma radiation level may be expected in comparison ...

B. K. Rana; R. M. Tripathi; J. S. Meena

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

"Airborne Wind Energy - Harnessing a Vast, Untapped Renewable Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

November 14, 2012, 4:15pm November 14, 2012, 4:15pm Colloquia MBG Auditorium "Airborne Wind Energy - Harnessing a Vast, Untapped Renewable Energy Source" Dr. Kenneth Jensen Makani Power Inc. At just 500 m above the ground, the average power density of the wind is double that at 100 m where wind turbines typically reside. This makes high-altitude wind one of the most concentrated forms of renewable energy after hydro-power. Building conventional wind turbines at this height is uneconomical, which begs the question: how do we harness this concentrated and completely untapped resource? Makani Power is developing a novel airborne wind turbine (AWT), which consists of a turbine-carrying aircraft that is tethered to the ground. Propelled by the wind, the AWT travels in a circular path (similar to the

406

INSIGHTS FROM LABORATORY AND AIRBORNE BRDF MEASUREMENTS FOR SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aerosols and Aerosols and Surface Optical Properties from Airborne Spectral Measurements of Directional Reflectance C.K.Gatebe 1,2 & M.D. King, 2,3 Collaborators: O. Dubovik, 4 A.Sinyuk, 2,5 P. Russell, 6 J. Redemann 6 Acknowledgements: G.T. Arnold (SSAI & GSFC) Gala Wind (SSAI & GSFC) Rajesh Poudyal (SSAI & GSFC) Hal Maring & Andy Roberts (NASA HQ) 1 University of Maryland, Baltimore County 2 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center 3 University of Colorado 4 Laboratoire d'Optique Atmosphérique 5 Science Systems and Applications Inc. 6 NASA Ames Research Center Background: CAR Airborne Platforms 1998-2008 NASA P-3B Convair CV-580 Aerocommander 690A Jetstream-31 AATS SSFR/BBR SSFR CAR The NASA P-3B 2008 BBR CAR Time CAR Quicklook Image 2008 http://car.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ BRDF Measurements

407

A model for forming airborne synthetic aperture radar images of underground targets  

SciTech Connect

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) from an airborne platform has been proposed for imaging targets beneath the earth`s surface. The propagation of the radar`s energy within the ground, however, is much different than in the earth`s atmosphere. The result is signal refraction, echo delay, propagation losses, dispersion, and volumetric scattering. These all combine to make SAR image formation from an airborne platform much more challenging than a surface imaging counterpart. This report treats the ground as a lossy dispersive half-space, and presents a model for the radar echo based on measurable parameters. The model is then used to explore various imaging schemes, and image properties. Dynamic range is discussed, as is the impact of loss on dynamic range. Modified window functions are proposed to mitigate effects of sidelobes of shallow targets overwhelming deeper targets.

Doerry, A.W.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Device and method for accurately measuring concentrations of airborne transuranic isotopes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An alpha continuous air monitor (CAM) with two silicon alpha detectors and three sample collection filters is described. This alpha CAM design provides continuous sampling and also measures the cumulative transuranic (TRU), i.e., plutonium and americium, activity on the filter, and thus provides a more accurate measurement of airborne TRU concentrations than can be accomplished using a single fixed sample collection filter and a single silicon alpha detector.

McIsaac, Charles V. (Idaho Falls, ID); Killian, E. Wayne (Idaho Falls, ID); Grafwallner, Ervin G. (Arco, ID); Kynaston, Ronnie L. (Blackfoot, ID); Johnson, Larry O. (Pocatello, ID); Randolph, Peter D. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Geophex Airborne Unmanned Survey System (GAUSS). Topical report, October 1993--March 1995  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of the project are to construct a geophysical sensor system based on a remotely operated model helicopter (ROH) and to evaluate the efficacy of the system for characterization of hazardous environmental sites. Geophex Airborne Unmanned Survey System (GAUSS) is a geophysical survey system that uses a ROH as the survey vehicle. We have selected the ROH because of its advantages over fixed wing and ground based vehicles. Lower air speed and superior maneuverability of the ROH make it better suited for geophysical surveys than a fixed wing model aircraft. The ROH can fly close to the ground, allowing detection of weak or subtle anomalies. Unlike ground based vehicles, the ROH can traverse difficult terrain while providing a stable sensor platform. ROH does not touch the ground during the course of a survey and is capable of functioning over water and surf zones. The ROH has been successfully used in the motion picture industry and by geology companies for payload bearing applications. The only constraint to use of the airborne system is that the ROH must remain visible to the pilot. Obstructed areas within a site can be characterized by relocating the base station to alternate positions. GAUSS consists of a ROH with radio controller, a data acquisition and processing (DAP) system, and lightweight digital sensor systems. The objective of our Phase I research was to develop a DAP and sensors suitable for ROH operation. We have constructed these subsystems and integrated them to produce an automated, hand-held geophysical surveying system, referred to as the ``pre-prototype``. We have performed test surveys with the pre-prototype to determine the functionality of the and DAP and sensor subsystems and their suitability for airborne application. The objective of the Phase II effort will be to modify the existing subsystems and integrate them into an airborne prototype. Efficacy of the prototype for geophysical survey of hazardous sites will then be determined.

NONE

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Production of potentially hazardous respirable silica airborne particulate from the burning of sugarcane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In some areas of the world where agricultural burning is practised, the airborne particles produced have been linked to respiratory disease in humans. Here, we investigate the abundance and form of silica (SiO2) minerals found within ash and aerosol produced by the experimental burning of sugarcane. Samples of sugarcane leaf were incinerated over a range of temperatures, time scales and airflow conditions, the latter to investigate the effects of wind and updrafts during natural fires. The silica content of the residual ash (from still air simulations) was measured using an improved wet chemical methodology, described here. This indicated that the release of silica from the plant material into the atmosphere increases with increasing temperature of combustion. Airborne particulate, sampled using air-pump-filter apparatus, was characterised using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with automated image and elemental analysis. For airborne particulate formed at 1100C (with airflow), 17% of the particles are in the respirable size fraction (release of cristobalite to the atmosphere (as sampled on filters). This pilot study shows that potentially toxic particles could be released during sugarcane burning and reinforces the need for further study into the emissions and re-suspension of ash from the burning of biomass.

Jennifer S. Le Blond; Ben J. Williamson; Claire J. Horwell; Alex K. Monro; Caroline A. Kirk; Clive Oppenheimer

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

HIGH TEMPERATURE TREATMENT OF INTERMEDIATE-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES - SIA RADON EXPERIENCE  

SciTech Connect

This review describes high temperature methods of low- and intermediate-level radioactive waste (LILW) treatment currently used at SIA Radon. Solid and liquid organic and mixed organic and inorganic wastes are subjected to plasma heating in a shaft furnace with formation of stable leach resistant slag suitable for disposal in near-surface repositories. Liquid inorganic radioactive waste is vitrified in a cold crucible based plant with borosilicate glass productivity up to 75 kg/h. Radioactive silts from settlers are heat-treated at 500-700 0C in electric furnace forming cake following by cake crushing, charging into 200 L barrels and soaking with cement grout. Various thermochemical technologies for decontamination of metallic, asphalt, and concrete surfaces, treatment of organic wastes (spent ion-exchange resins, polymers, medical and biological wastes), batch vitrification of incinerator ashes, calcines, spent inorganic sorbents, contaminated soil, treatment of carbon containing 14C nuclide, reactor graphite, lubricants have been developed and implemented.

Sobolev, I.A.; Dmitriev, S.A.; Lifanov, F.A.; Kobelev, A.P.; Popkov, V.N.; Polkanov, M.A.; Savkin, A.E.; Varlakov, A.P.; Karlin, S.V.; Stefanovsky, S.V.; Karlina, O.K.; Semenov, K.N.

2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

412

Robust Hydraulic Fracture Monitoring (HFM) of Multiple Time Overlapping Events Using a Generalized Discrete Radon Transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we propose a novel algorithm for multiple-event localization for Hydraulic Fracture Monitoring (HFM) through the exploitation of the sparsity of the observed seismic signal when represented in a basis consisting of space time propagators. We provide explicit construction of these propagators using a forward model for wave propagation which depends non-linearly on the problem parameters - the unknown source location and mechanism of fracture, time and extent of event, and the locations of the receivers. Under fairly general assumptions and an appropriate discretization of these parameters we first build an over-complete dictionary of generalized Radon propagators and assume that the data is well represented as a linear superposition of these propagators. Exploiting this structure we propose sparsity penalized algorithms and workflow for super-resolution extraction of time overlapping multiple seismic events from single well data.

Ely, Gregory

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Z decay confronts nonstandard scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show that recent data from the CERN e+e- collider LEP on the Z line shape and decays give stringent new constraints on mixing of e and ? with exotics and Z-Z mixing. Even in nonstandard models, where both the visible and the invisible part of the Z width are modified, a fourth light neutrino is unlikely unless substantial mixings between neutrinos and exotics are allowed. If the gluino is detectable at the Fermilab Tevatron then the lighter-chargino mass is tightly constrained (>42 GeV).

Gautam Bhattacharyya; Amitava Raychaudhuri; Amitava Datta; S. N. Ganguli

1990-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

414

Nonspectator contributions to inclusive charmless B decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The light quarks inside B mesons are usually treated as spectators and do not affect the decay rates which are assumed to be purely due to b quark decays. In this paper we calculate the nonspectator contributions to inclusive charmless B decays due to the spectator effects. We find that the nonspectator contributions to the branching ratio for B0 are small (<210-4), but the contributions to ?S=0 and ?S=-1, B- decay branching ratios can be as large as -7.510-4 and 210-3, and can modify the main three-body spectator b decay branching ratios by 10% and 20%, respectively. These contributions may play an important role in rare charmless B decays.

Wu-Sheng Dai; Xiao-Gang He; Xue-Qian Li; Gang Zhao

1999-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

415

Charged track multiplicity in B meson decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have used the CLEO II detector to study the multiplicity of charged particles in the decays of B mesons produced at the ?(4S) resonance. Using a sample of 1.5106 B meson pairs, we find the mean inclusive charged particle multiplicity to be 10.710.02-0.15+0.21 for the decay of the pair. This corresponds to a mean multiplicity of 5.360.01-0.08+0.11 for a single B meson. Using the same data sample, we have also extracted the mean multiplicities in semileptonic and nonleptonic decays. We measure a mean of 7.820.05-0.19+0.21 charged particles per BB decay when both mesons decay semileptonically. When neither B meson decays semileptonically, we measure a mean charged particle multiplicity of 11.620.04-0.18+0.24 per BB pair.

G. Brandenburg et al. (CLEO Collaboration)

2000-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

416

??? Decay Mode of Neutral K Mesons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decay K??++?-+?, ??e++e- has been observed in the film of the UCRL 72-in. hydrogen bubble chamber exposed to a beam of 1325-MeV/c momentum negative pions. This event unambiguously fits only the decay mode K??+?+?, but because the K's life span is almost exactly one K10 lifetime it is impossible to say whether it is a direct ??? or inner bremsstrahlung accompanying normal K10?2? decay.

D. Stern

1962-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Direct CP violation in B decays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review recent experimental results on direct CP violation. The hot topic is a measurement in charmless two-body decays of B0, B+. In connection to this the first analogous measurements in Bs0 and Lambda_b0 decays are now available. Furthermore first evidence for direct CP violation in B+ decays is obtained from Dalitz plot analyzes of the K+pi-pi+ final state at B-factories. The last group of discussed results probes the b -> c\\bar{c}d transition in attempt to resolve the discrepancy between Belle and BABAR experiments in CP violation in the B0 -> D+D- decays.

M. Kreps

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

418

Nuclear beta-decay measurements and |Vud|  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Some recent work in nuclear beta decay related to the value of |Vud| is described along with some near-term goals for future measurements.

Dan Melconian

2011-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

419

New limits for neutrinoless tau decays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

double beta decays, neutrino oscillations, Z!l11l22 decays, and other rare pro- cesses. In particular, there are strict limits on muon neutrino- less decays: B(m!eg),4.9310211 and B(m!eee),2.4 310212 at 90% confidence level @18#. However, lepton num- ber... particles and on the new coupling constants. The most optimistic branching fraction predictions are at the level of about 1026. Constraints on lepton flavor violation come from studies of rare and forbidden K , p, and m decays, e-m conversions, neutrinoless...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Darling, C.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan; Zhou, L.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Review of double beta decay experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The brief review of current experiments on search and studying of double beta decay processes is done. Best present limits on $\\langle m_{\

A. S. Barabash

2014-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Spectroscopy of element 115 decay chains  

SciTech Connect

A high-resolution a, X-ray and -ray coincidence spectroscopy experiment was conducted at the GSI Helmholtzzentrum fu r Schwerionenforschung. Thirty correlated a-decay chains were detected following the fusion-evaporation reaction 48Ca + 243Am. The observations are consistent with previous assignments of similar decay chains to originate from element Z = 115. The data includes first candidates of fingerprinting the decay step Mt --> Bh with characteristic X rays. For the first time, precise spectroscopy allows the derivation of excitation schemes of isotopes along the decay chains starting with elements Z > 112. Comprehensive Monte-Carlo simulations accompany the data analysis. Nuclear structure models provide a first level interpretation.

Rudolph, Dirk [Lund University, Sweden; Forsberg, U. [Lund University, Sweden; Golubev, P. [Lund University, Sweden; Sarmiento, L. G. [Lund University, Sweden; Yakushev, A. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Andersson, L.-L. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Di Nitto, A. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Duehllmann, Ch. E. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Gates, J. M. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Gregorich, K. E. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Gross, Carl J [ORNL; Hessberger, F. P. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Herzberg, R.-D [University of Liverpool; Khuyagbaatar, J. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Kratz, J. V. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Rykaczewski, Krzysztof Piotr [ORNL; Schaedel, M. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Aberg, S. [Lund University, Sweden; Ackermann, D. [GSI-Hemholtzzentrum fur Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany; Block, M. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Brand, H. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Carlsson, B. G. [Lund University, Sweden; Cox, D. [University of Liverpool; Derkx, X. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Eberhardt, K. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Even, J. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Fahlander, C. [Lund University, Sweden; Gerl, J. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Jaeger, E. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Kindler, B. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Krier, J. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Kojouharov, I. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Kurz, N. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Lommel, B. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Mistry, A. [University of Liverpool; Mokry, C. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Nitsche, H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Omtvedt, J. P. [Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland; Papadakis, P. [University of Liverpool; Ragnarsson, I. [Lund University, Sweden; Runke, J. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Schaffner, H. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Schausten, B. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Thoerle-Pospiech, P. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Torres, T. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Traut, T. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Trautmann, N. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Tuerler, A. [Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland; Ward, A. [University of Liverpool; Ward, D. E. [Lund University, Sweden; Wiehl, N. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Phenomenology of charmless hadronic B decays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The decays of $B$ mesons to a pair of charmless pseudoscalar mesons ($PP$ decays) or to a vector and pseudoscalar meson ($VP$ decays) have been analyzed within the framework of flavor SU(3) symmetry and the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism of CP violation. Separate $PP$ and $VP$ fits proved to be successful in describing the experimental data (branching ratios, CP asymmetries and time-dependent parameters). Decay magnitudes and relative weak and strong phases have been extracted from the fits. Values of the weak phase $\\gamma$ were found to be consistent with the current indirect bounds from other analyses of CKM parameters.

Suprun, D A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Phenomenology of charmless hadronic B decays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The decays of $B$ mesons to a pair of charmless pseudoscalar mesons ($PP$ decays) or to a vector and pseudoscalar meson ($VP$ decays) have been analyzed within the framework of flavor SU(3) symmetry and the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism of CP violation. Separate $PP$ and $VP$ fits proved to be successful in describing the experimental data (branching ratios, CP asymmetries and time-dependent parameters). Decay magnitudes and relative weak and strong phases have been extracted from the fits. Values of the weak phase $\\gamma$ were found to be consistent with the current indirect bounds from other analyses of CKM parameters.

Denis A. Suprun

2004-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

424

Review of double beta decay experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The brief review of current experiments on search and studying of double beta decay processes is done. Best present limits on $\\langle m_{\

Barabash, A S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Assessment of the radiological impact of gamma and radon dose ratesat former U mining sites in Central Asia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An assessment of the radiological situation due to exposure to gamma radiation, radon and thoron was carried out at selected former uranium mining and processing sites in the Central Asian countries of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. Gamma dose rate measurements were made using various field instruments and radon/thoron measurements were carried out using discriminative radon (222Rn)/thoron (220Rn) solid state nuclear track detectors (SSNTD). The detectors were exposed for an extended period of time, including at least three seasonal periods in a year, in different outdoor and indoor public and residential environments at the selected uranium legacy sites. The results showed that gamma, Rn and Tn doses were in general low, which consequently implies a low/relatively low radiological risk. The major radiation hazard is represented by abandoned radioactive filtration material that was being used as insulation by some Minkush residents (Kyrgyzstan) for a longer period of time. Annual radiation doses of several hundred mSv could be received as a consequence of using this material domestically. In addition, the gamma and Rn/Tn dose rates at Digmai, Tajikistan, could reach values of several 10mSv/a. The doses of ionizing radiation deriving from external radiation (gamma dose rate), indoor radon and thoron with their short-lived progenies in several cases exceeded the recommended annual effective dose threshold level of 10mSv. At none of the sites investigated did the individual annual effective doses exceed 30mSv, the internationally recommended value for considering intervention. Current doses of ionizing radiation do not represent a serious hazard to the health of the resident public, but this issue should be adequately addressed to further reduce needless exposure of the resident public to ionizing radiation.

P. Stegnar; I. Shishkov; M. Burkitbayev; B. Tolongutov; M. Yunusov; R. Radyuk; B. Salbu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Time?dependent theory of alpha decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using Greens function techniques a time?dependent theory of ? decay in the standard one?body model is developed. Formulas are obtained for the decay rate and ? energy. These formulas are combined with experimental information to show that to a good approximation the i n i t i a l ??particle wave function vanishes on or near the nuclear surface.

Michael G. Fuda

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Gross Theory of ?-Decay and Shell Effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......nuclear final state measured fr:orn the parent. Although actual decays pro- Gross Theory of f3-Decay and Shell Effects 137 ceed only to the region of negative values of E, we extend our consideration to the positive region. Now, we can regard the whole......

Takayoshi Kondoh; Masami Yamada

1976-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Spectroscopy and decays of charm and bottom  

SciTech Connect

After a brief review of the quark model, we discuss our present knowledge of the spectroscopy of charm and bottom mesons and baryons. We go on to review the lifetimes, semileptonic, and purely leptonic decays of these particles. We conclude with a brief discussion B and D mixing and rare decays.

Butler, J.N.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Observing Nucleon Decay in Lead Perchlorate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lead perchlorate, part of the OMNIS supernova neutrino detector, contains two nuclei, 208Pb and 35Cl, that might be used to study nucleon decay. Both would produce signatures that will make them especially useful for studying less-well-studied neutron decay modes, e.g., those in which only neutrinos are emitted.

R. N. Boyd; T. Rauscher; S. D. Reitzner; P. Vogel

2003-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

430

Strong effects in weak nonleptonic decays  

SciTech Connect

In this report the weak nonleptonic decays of kaons and hyperons are examined with the hope of gaining insight into a recently proposed mechanism for the ..delta..I = 1/2 rule. The effective Hamiltonian for ..delta..S = 1 weak nonleptonic decays and that for K/sup 0/-anti K/sup 0/ mixing are calculated in the six-quark model using the leading logarithmic approximation. These are used to examine the CP violation parameters of the kaon system. It is found that if Penguin-type diagrams make important contributions to K ..-->.. ..pi pi.. decay amplitudes then upcoming experiments may be able to distinguish the six-quark model for CP violation from the superweak model. The weak radiative decays of hyperons are discussed with an emphasis on what they can teach us about hyperon nonleptonic decays and the ..delta..I = 1/2 rule.

Wise, M.B.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Magnetic field decay in model SSC dipoles  

SciTech Connect

We have observed that some of our model SSC dipoles have long time constant decays of the magnetic field harmonics with amplitudes large enough to result in significant beam loss, if they are not corrected. The magnets were run at constant current at the SSC injection field level of 0.3 tesla for one to three hours and changes in the magnetic field were observed. One explanation for the observed field decay is time dependent superconductor magnetization. Another explanation involves flux creep or flux flow. Data are presented on how the decay changes with previous flux history. Similar magnets with different Nb-Ti filament spacings and matrix materials have different long time field decay. A theoretical model using proximity coupling and flux creep for the observed field decay is discussed. 10 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

Gilbert, W.S.; Althaus, R.F.; Barale, P.J.; Benjegerdes, R.W.; Green, M.A.; Green, M.I.; Scanlan, R.M.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Simultaneous Sampling of Indoor and Outdoor Airborne Radioactivity after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simultaneous Sampling of Indoor and Outdoor Airborne Radioactivity after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident ... Large amts. of radioactive substances were released into the environment from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plants in eastern Japan as a consequence of the great earthquake (M 9.0) and tsunami of 11 March 2011. ... Proceedings of the International Symposium on Environmental Monitoring and Dose Estimation of Residents after Accident of TEPCOs Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station; Shiran Hall, Kyoto, Japan, Dec 14, 2012; http://www.rri.kyoto-u.ac.jp/anzen_kiban/outcome/. ...

Tetsuo Ishikawa; Atsuyuki Sorimachi; Hideki Arae; Sarata Kumar Sahoo; Miroslaw Janik; Masahiro Hosoda; Shinji Tokonami

2014-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

433

Nature of airborne particulates at tropic exposure sites. Final report, November 1982-September 1984  

SciTech Connect

Airborne particulates were collected at five exposure sites in Panama using cascade impactor air samplers. Scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive x-ray analysis, and culture identification techniques were used to analyze the particulates. Analysis revealed that the particulates consist of silicates, chlorides, and sulfur-rich and phosphorus-rich particles. Atmospheric particle levels were higher in the dry season than in the rainy season, and the predominant fungal species varied at each exposure site. The open direct exposure of culture plates served as a simple, appropriate method for monitoring atmospheric fungal spores.

Chen, F.; Dement, W.A.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Advances in National Capabilities for Consequence Assessment Modeling of Airborne Hazards  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes ongoing advancement of airborne hazard modeling capabilities in support of multiple agencies through the National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center (NARAC) and the Interagency Atmospheric Modeling and Atmospheric Assessment Center (IMAAC). A suite of software tools developed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and collaborating organizations includes simple stand-alone, local-scale plume modeling tools for end user's computers, Web- and Internet-based software to access advanced 3-D flow and atmospheric dispersion modeling tools and expert analysis from the national center at LLNL, and state-of-the-science high-resolution urban models and event reconstruction capabilities.

Nasstrom, J; Sugiyama, G; Foster, K; Larsen, S; Kosovic, B; Eme, B; Walker, H; Goldstein, P; Lundquist, J; Pobanz, B; Fulton, J

2007-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

435

What can we learn from neutrinoless double beta decay experiments?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

312 P. Vogel, Limits From Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay (Assumptions No detected neutrinoless double ?-decay lightestscale (1 0.05 eV), No neutrinoless double ?-decay lightest

Bahcall, John N.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in Light of SNO Salt Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

14] P. Vogel, Limits From Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay (Higgs, can also cause neutrinoless double-beta decay (seeLBNL-53996 Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in Light of SNO

Murayama, Hitoshi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Neutrinoless double beta decay and nuclear matrix elements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fundamental importance of searching for neutrinoless double?beta decay (0????decay) is widely recognized. Observation of the decay would tell us that the total lepton number is not conserved and that consequently neutrinos are massive Majorana fermions. The 0????decay is discussed in context of neutrino oscillation data. The perspectives of the experimental 0????decay searches are analyzed. The importance of reliable determination of the 0????decay nuclear matrix elements is pointed out.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Uranium-238 and thorium-232 series concentrations in soil, radon-222 indoor and drinking water concentrations and dose assessment in the city of Aldama, Chihuahua, Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-resolution gamma spectrometry was used to determine the concentration of 40K, 238U and 232Th series in soil samples taken from areas surrounding the city of Aldama, in Chihuahua. Results of indoor air short-time sampling, with diffusion barrier charcoal detectors, revealed relatively high indoor radon levels, ranging from 29 to 422 Bq/m3; the radon concentrations detected exceeded 148 Bq/m3 in 76% of the homes tested. Additionally, liquid scintillation counting showed concentrations of radon in drinking water ranging from 4.3 to 42 kBq/m3. The high activity of 238U in soil found in some places may be a result of the uranium milling process performed 20 years ago in the area. High radon concentrations indoor and in water may be explained by assuming the presence of uranium-bearing rocks underneath of the city, similar to a felsic dike located near Aldama. The estimated annual effective dose of gamma radiation from the soil and radon inhalation was 3.83 mSv.

L. Colmenero Sujo; M.E. Montero Cabrera; L. Villalba; M. Rentera Villalobos; E. Torres Moye; M. Garca Len; R. Garca-Tenorio; F. Mireles Garca; E.F. Herrera Peraza; D. Snchez Aroche

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Photoproduction and Decay of Light Mesons in CLAS  

SciTech Connect

We present preliminary experimental results on photoproduction and decay of light mesons measured with CLAS setup at JLAB . This include Dalitz decay of pseudoscalar and vector mesons, radiative decay of pseudoscalar mesons as well hadronic decays of pseudoscalar and vector mesons. The collected high statistics in some of decay channels exceeds the world data by an order of magnitude and some other decay modes are observed for the first time. It is shown how the CLAS data will improve the world data on transition form factors of light mesons, Dalitz plot analyses, branching ratios of rare decay modes and other fundamental properties potentially accessible through the light meson decays.

Amaryan, Moskov Jamalovich [Old Dominion University

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

A Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of Te-130.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation describes an experimental search for neutrinoless double beta (0???) decay of 130Te. An observation of 0??? decay would establish that neutrinos are Majorana (more)

Bryant, Adam Douglas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Search for: "neutrinoless double beta decay" | DOE PAGES  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

neutrinoless double beta decay" Find + Advanced Search Advanced Search All Fields: "neutrinoless double beta decay" Title: Full Text: Bibliographic Data: Creator Author: Name...

442

Airborne release fractions/rates and respirable fractions for nonreactor nuclear facilities. Volume 1, Analysis of experimental data  

SciTech Connect

This handbook contains (1) a systematic compilation of airborne release and respirable fraction experimental data for nonreactor nuclear facilities, (2) assessments of the data, and (3) values derived from assessing the data that may be used in safety analyses when the data are applicable. To assist in consistent and effective use of this information, the handbook provides: identification of a consequence determination methodology in which the information can be used; discussion of the applicability of the information and its general technical limits; identification of specific accident phenomena of interest for which the information is applicable; and examples of use of the consequence determination methodology and airborne release and respirable fraction information.

Not Available

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

B, D and K Decays  

SciTech Connect

The present report documents the results of Working Group 2: B, D and K decays, of the workshop on Flavor in the Era of the LHC, held at CERN from November 2005 through March 2007. With the advent of the LHC, we will be able to probe New Physics (NP) up to energy scales almost one order of magnitude larger than it has been possible with present accelerator facilities. While direct detection of new particles will be the main avenue to establish the presence of NP at the LHC, indirect searches will provide precious complementary information, since most probably it will not be possible to measure the full spectrum of new particles and their couplings through direct production. In particular, precision measurements and computations in the realm of flavor physics are expected to play a key role in constraining the unknown parameters of the Lagrangian of any NP model emerging from direct searches at the LHC. The aim of Working Group 2 was twofold: on one hand, to provide a coherent, up-to-date picture of the status of flavor physics before the start of the LHC; on the other hand, to initiate activities on the path towards integrating information on NP from high-p{sub T} and flavor data. This report is organized as follows. In Sec. 1, we give an overview of NP models, focusing on a few examples that have been discussed in some detail during the workshop, with a short description of the available computational tools for flavor observables in NP models. Sec. 2 contains a concise discussion of the main theoretical problem in flavor physics: the evaluation of the relevant hadronic matrix elements for weak decays. Sec. 3 contains a detailed discussion of NP effects in a set of flavor observables that we identified as 'benchmark channels' for NP searches. The experimental prospects for flavor physics at future facilities are discussed in Sec. 4. Finally, Sec. 5 contains some assessments on the work done at the workshop and the prospects for future developments.

Artuso, M.; Asner, D.M.; Ball, P.; Baracchini, E.; Bell, G.; Beneke, M.; Berryhill, J.; Bevan, A.; Bigi, I.I.; Blanke, M.; Bobeth, Ch.; Bona, M.; Borzumati, F.; Browder, T.; Buanes, T.; Buchalla, G.; Buchmuller, O.; Buras, A.J.; Burdin, S.; Cassel, D.G.; Cavanaugh, R.; /Syracuse U. /Carleton U. /Durham U., IPPP /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Karlsruhe U. /RWTH Aachen U. /Fermilab /Queen Mary, U. of London /Notre Dame U. /Munich, Tech. U. /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /Dortmund U. /Annecy, LAPP /ICTP, Trieste /Taiwan, Natl. Central U. /Hawaii U. /Bergen U. /Munich U. /CERN /Liverpool U.

2008-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

444

Flight Testing of an Advanced Airborne Natural Gas Leak Detection System  

SciTech Connect

ITT Industries Space Systems Division (Space Systems) has developed an airborne natural gas leak detection system designed to detect, image, quantify, and precisely locate leaks from natural gas transmission pipelines. This system is called the Airborne Natural Gas Emission Lidar (ANGEL) system. The ANGEL system uses a highly sensitive differential absorption Lidar technology to remotely detect pipeline leaks. The ANGEL System is operated from a fixed wing aircraft and includes automatic scanning, pointing system, and pilot guidance systems. During a pipeline inspection, the ANGEL system aircraft flies at an elevation of 1000 feet above the ground at speeds of between 100 and 150 mph. Under this contract with DOE/NETL, Space Systems was funded to integrate the ANGEL sensor into a test aircraft and conduct a series of flight tests over a variety of test targets including simulated natural gas pipeline leaks. Following early tests in upstate New York in the summer of 2004, the ANGEL system was deployed to Casper, Wyoming to participate in a set of DOE-sponsored field tests at the Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center (RMOTC). At RMOTC the Space Systems team completed integration of the system and flew an operational system for the first time. The ANGEL system flew 2 missions/day for the duration for the 5-day test. Over the course of the week the ANGEL System detected leaks ranging from 100 to 5,000 scfh.

Dawn Lenz; Raymond T. Lines; Darryl Murdock; Jeffrey Owen; Steven Stearns; Michael Stoogenke

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

AVIATRAerial Vehicle for In-situ and Airborne Titan Reconnaissance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The supply of 238Pu (plutonium-238) is critical for our ability to explore the outer solar system, and also a potentially limiting resource. The radioactive decay of plutonium-238 provides the heat that powers RT...

Jason W. Barnes; Lawrence Lemke; Rick Foch; Christopher P. McKay

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

An investigation of radon release and mobility in the subsurface environment. Final project report  

SciTech Connect

Processes affecting transport of volatile species in the shallow soil column have recently been recognized as having a substantial impact on a broad array of real world problems. Investigations of volatile transport have ranged from studies of probable health impacts of radon infiltration into homes to pesticide and volatile organic contaminant mobility in the soil column. The objectives of many of these studies has been the development of numerical models of vapor phase (and solute) transport in shallow soils. An early model, LEACHM, developed by Hutson and Wagenent was recently modified enabling it to describe both solute and vapor phase transport of volatile chemicals in the soil. Subsequent tests of the latter model, named LEACHV, showed that use outside of a very restricted range of soil conditions resulted in large mass balance errors and unreasonable values for soil gas concentrations and vapor flux. The present research was undertaken in an effort to identify and correct the subroutines responsible for the problems and to allow the model to describe vapor phase transport in a much broader range of soil conditions.

Thomas, D.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

The Particle Adventure | Particle decays and annihiliations | Confusion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Confusion about Confusion about decays Confusion about decays Many heavy elements decay into simpler things. But a close observation of these decays reveals several confusing problems. Consider uranium-238 decay. A lump of uranium-238 will decay at a constant rate such that in 4,460,000,000 years -- give or take a few days -- half the uranium will be gone. But there is no way to tell when a specific uranium atom will decay; it could decay five minutes from now, or in ten billion years. Why will an atom decay only according to some probability? Uranium-238 has a mass of 238.0508 atomic mass units (u). It can decay into thorium (234.0436 u) and an alpha particle (4.0026 u). But uranium's mass minus the mass of its decay products is 0.0046 u. Why is there missing mass?

448

Radioactive Decay of Lutetium-174  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ytterbium oxide enriched to 98.4% in the 174 mass number was irradiated with 6-Mev protons. An activity of approximately 165-day half-life was produced and assigned to Lu174 by the identification of the ytterbium K x-ray and of the activities produced by similar proton irradiations of the other enriched isotopes of ytterbium. The observed activity of Lu174 consists of the L and K x-rays of ytterbium and 76.6- and 1228-kev gamma rays which are in coincidence. Because no beta radiation exists in the activity of Lu174, the mode of decay is solely by electron capture to Yb174. Approximately 31% of the disintegrations of Lu174 are to the ground state of Yb174. In addition to the 76.6-kev level of Yb174, there is a 1305-kev level with a spin of 0+. The transitions of Lu174 to the 1305-kev level of Yb174 are by L capture only and the percentages of electron capture to the 76.6- and 1305-kev levels of Yb174 are approximately 59 and 10, respectively. A spin of 1- is assigned to the ground state of Lu174.

R. G. Wilson and M. L. Pool

1960-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

449

Can Dark Matter Decay in Dark Energy?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the interaction between Dark Energy and Dark Matter from a thermodynamical perspective. By assuming they have different temperatures, we study the possibility of occurring a decay from Dark Matter into Dark Energy, characterized by a negative parameter $Q$. We find that, if at least one of the fluids has non vanishing chemical potential, for instance $\\mu_x0$, the decay is possible, where $\\mu_x$ and $\\mu_{dm}$ are the chemical potentials of Dark Energy and Dark Matter, respectively. Using recent cosmological data, we find that, for a fairly simple interaction, the Dark Matter decay is favored with a probability of $\\sim 93%$ over the Dark Energy decay. This result comes from a likelihood analysis where only background evolution has been considered.

S. H. Pereira; J. F. Jesus

2009-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

450

Double Beta Decay Constraint on Composite Neutrinos  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Constraint on Composite Neutrinos Eiichi Takasugi Department of Physics, Osaka University, Toyonaka 560 Neutrinoless double beta decay (betabeta)0v occurs through the magnetic coupling of dimension five operator whose coupling constant is......

Eiichi Takasugi

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

27 contribution to weak electromagnetic decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We notice that the assumption of octet dominance of the Cabibbo weak Hamiltonian is not required to explain the weak electromagnetic decays. In order to explain large asymmetry parameter ?(?+?p?) we consider ?7 contribution to the parity-violating Hamiltonian.

Ramesh C. Verma and M. P. Khanna

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Probing QCD with Rare Charmless $B$ Decays  

SciTech Connect

Rare charmless hadronic B decays are a good testing ground for QCD. In this paper we describe a selection of new measurements made by the BABAR and BELLE collaborations.

Gradl, Wolfgang

2006-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

453

Uncertainty evaluation of delayed neutron decay parameters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

parameters fit their individual measurement data well in spite of these differences. This dissertation focuses on evaluation of the errors and methods of delayed neutron relative yields and decay constants for thermal fission of U-235. Various numerical...

Wang, Jinkai

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

454

Theory of top quark production and decay  

SciTech Connect

Direct and indirect information on the top quark mass and its decay modes is reviewed. The theory of top production in hadron- and electron-positron-colliders is presented.

Kuehn, J.H. [Universitaet Karlsruhe (Germany)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Rare decays at the LHCb experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rare decays of beauty and charm hadrons offer a rich playground to make precise tests of the Standard Model and look for New Physics at the level of quantum corrections. A review of recent LHCb results will be presented.

Luca Pescatore

2014-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

456

Three-body decay of (6)Be  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three-body correlations for the ground-state decay of the lightest two-proton emitter (6)Be are studied both theoretically and experimentally. Theoretical studies are performed in a three-body hyperspherical-harmonics cluster model...

Grigorenko, L. V.; Wiser, T. D.; Mercurio, K.; Charity, R. J.; Shane, R.; Sobotka, L. G.; Elson, J. M.; Wuosmaa, A. H.; Banu, A.; McCleskey, M.; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.; Zhukov, M. V.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Phenomenology of neutrinoless double beta decay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reviews the current status and future outlook of neutrinoless double beta decay searches, which try to provide an answer to the fundamental question of whether neutrinos are Dirac or Majorana particles.

Gmez-Cadenas, J J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Phenomenology of neutrinoless double beta decay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reviews the current status and future outlook of neutrinoless double beta decay searches, which try to provide an answer to the fundamental question of whether neutrinos are Dirac or Majorana particles.

J. J. Gmez-Cadenas; Justo Martn-Albo

2015-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

459

Electrical Analogs of Atomic Radiative Decay Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simple electrical circuits are analyzed, and the results show that for high frequencies they have frequency and time responses identical to the spontaneous radiative decays of atoms. As an illustration of the analogy a ...

Fontana, Peter R.; Srivastava, Rajendra P.

1977-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

CP Violation in Other Bs Decays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recent experimental results of CP violation in Bs decays other than in the J/psi phi final state are discussed. Included are the resonant components and $\\phi_s$ determination in Bs -> J/psi pi+ pi-, CP asymmetries in Bs -> h+ h'- decays, and the Bs effective lifetimes in the CP-even state K+ K- and the CP-odd state J/psi f0(980).

L. Zhang; for the LHCb Collaboration

2012-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Neutrinoless double beta decay with scalar bilinears  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One possible probe to physics beyond the standard model is to look for scalar bilinears, which couple to two fermions of the standard model. We point out that the scalar bilinears allow new diagrams contributing to the neutrinoless double beta decay. The upper bound on the neutrinoless double beta decay lifetime would then give new constraints on the ratio of the masses of these scalars to their couplings to the fermions.

H. V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus; U. Sarkar

2002-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

462

A comparison of cloud top heights computed from airborne lidar and MAS radiance data using CO2 slicing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A comparison of cloud top heights computed from airborne lidar and MAS radiance data using CO2 in assessing the accuracy of the CO2-slicing cloud height algorithm. Infrared measurements of upwelling which included various single- layer and multilayer cloud conditions. Overall, the CO2-slicing method

Sheridan, Jennifer

463

Detecting Moving Objects in Airborne Forward Looking InfraRed Sequences Alexander Strehl and J. K. Aggarwal \\Lambda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

looking infra­red (FLIR) image sequences taken from an airborne, moving platform. Ego­motion effects classification system. 1 Introduction 1.1 Motivation Forward looking infra­red (FLIR) images are frequently used static FLIR images. A comprehensive recent review by Ratches, Wal­ \\Lambda This research was supported

Strehl, Alexander

464

Detecting Moving Objects in Airborne Forward Looking Infra-Red Sequences Alexander Strehl and J. K. Aggarwal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-red (FLIR) image sequences taken from an airborne, moving platform. Ego-motion effects are removed through system. 1 Introduction 1.1 Motivation Forward looking infra-red (FLIR) images are frequently used static FLIR images. A comprehensive recent review by Ratches, Wal- £ This research was supported in part

Strehl, Alexander

465

Snow growth and transport patterns in orographic storms as estimated from airborne vertical-plane dual-Doppler radar data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Airborne vertical-plane dual-Doppler cloud radar data, collected on wind-parallel flight legs over a mountain in Wyoming in 16 winter storms, are used to analyze the growth, transport, and sedimentation of snow. In all storms the wind is rather ...

Bart Geerts; Yang Yang; Roy Rasmussen; Samuel Haimov; Binod Pokharel

466

Ambient Airborne Solids Concentrations Including Volcanic Ash at Hanford, Washington Sampling Sites Subsequent to the Mount St. Helens Eruption  

SciTech Connect

A major eruption of Mount St. Helens occurred on May 18, 1980. Subsequently, airborne solid concentrations were measured as a function of time at two sites within the southern edge of the fallout plume about 211 km east of Mount St. Helens. This ash was a source for investigating area-wide resuspension. Rain had a variable effect on decreasing airborne concentrations from resuspension. From 0.5 to 1.5 cm of rain were required to significantly reduce airborne solid concentrations through July. For a more aged resuspension source in September, a rain of 2.0 cm had a negligible effect. A monthly average threshold-wind speed for resuspension was defined as 3.6 m/s. For monthly-average wind speeds less than the threshold wind speed, monthly-average airborne concentrations tended to decrease with time. A decrease was recorded between September and October. For this 4-month time period, the half-life was on the order of 50 days, corresponding to a weathering rate of 5.1 year/sup -1/.

Sehmel, G.A.

1982-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

467

Call for Student Demos and Posters on Unmanned Aerial Systems AIAA workshop on "Airborne Networks and Communications"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Call for Student Demos and Posters on Unmanned Aerial Systems AIAA workshop on "Airborne Networks, this workshop will also include a session on student posters and demonstrations of unmanned aerial vehicles. Undergraduate and graduate students whose posters and demos are selected for presentation will be provided

Namuduri, Kamesh

468

Characterization of Airborne Molds, Endotoxins, and Glucans in Homes in New Orleans after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Airborne Molds, Endotoxins, and Glucans in Homes in New Orleans after Hurricanes Katrina...leading to extraordinary mold growth in homes. To characterize the potential risks of...molds and bacteria in New Orleans area homes. In October 2005, we collected air samples...

Carol Y. Rao; Margaret A. Riggs; Ginger L. Chew; Michael L. Muilenberg; Peter S. Thorne; David Van Sickle; Kevin H. Dunn; Clive Brown

2007-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

469

Recent Results on Semileptonic Decays at Babar  

SciTech Connect

Some recent BABAR results on semileptonic decays are presented. They focus on the determination of the CKM matrix elements |V{sub ub}| and |V{sub cb}| in inclusive and exclusive b {yields} u{ell}v and b {yields} c{ell}v decays, and on form factors measurement in exclusive c {yields} s{ell}v decays. Semileptonic decays play a crucial role in the determination of the unitarity triangle parameters: decays of the b quark give access to the CKM matrix elements |V{sub ub}| and |V{sub cb}|, while charm decays provide a way to validate lattice QCD computations through form factors measurements. Such calculations provide theoretical inputs that are used, especially, in the b sector. A lot of new results have been obtained by the BABAR collaboration during the last years, thanks to the large b{bar b} and c{bar c} production cross-sections and to the large recorded statistics. Some of these measurements are presented here.

Serrano, Justine; /Orsay, LAL

2011-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

470

Observables in the decays of B to two vector mesons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In general there are nine observables in the decay of a B meson to two vector mesons defined in terms of polarization correlations of these mesons. Only six of these can be detected via the subsequent decay angular distributions because of parity conservation in those decays. The remaining three require the measurement of the spin polarization of one of the decay products.

Cheng-Wei Chiang and Lincoln Wolfenstein

2000-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

471

Decays of intermediate vector bosons, radiative corrections and QCD jets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate decay properties of the intermediate vector bosons W and Z0. QED and QCD radiative corrections to leptonic and hadronic decay modes are calculated. Implications of the results for decay widths, branching ratios, determination of the number of neutrino species, e-?-? universality and properties of hadronic jets produced in W and Z0 decays are examined.

David Albert; William J. Marciano; Daniel Wyler; Zohreh Parsa

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Calculated final state probability distributions for T2 -decay measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 1.6.1 Neutrinoless double beta decay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 1.6.2 Cosmological

Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

473

Airborne Release Fractions/Rates and Respirable Fractions for Nonreactor Nuclear Facilities, Volume II  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TS NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-HDBK-3010-94 December 1994 Reaffirmed 2013 DOE HANDBOOK AIRBORNE RELEASE FRACTIONS/RATES AND RESPIRABLE FRACTIONS FOR NONREACTOR NUCLEAR FACILITIES Volume II - Appendices U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37831; (615) 576-8401. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 487-4650. Order No. DE95004711 DOE-HDBK-3010-94

474

An Energy-Aware Airborne Dynamic Data-Driven Application System for Persistent Sampling and Surveillance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper describes an energy-aware, airborne, dynamic data-driven application systems for persistent sensing in complex atmospheric conditions. The work combines i.) new onboard and remote real-time, wind sensing capabilities; ii.) online models for planning based on Gaussian processes for onboard data and dynamic atmospheric models that assimilate Doppler radar data; and iii.) a hierarchical guidance and control framework with algorithms that can adapt to environmental, sensing, and computational resources. The novel aspects of this work include real-time synthesis of multiple Doppler radar data into wind field measurements; creation of atmospheric models for online planning that can be run inside guidance loops; guidance algorithms based on stochastic dynamic programming and ordered upwind methods that can adapt planning horizons, cost function approximations, and mesh representations of the environment; and throttling algorithms that manage the adaptation of the models and guidance algorithms in response to computational resources.

Eric W. Frew; Brian Argrow; Adam Houston; Chris Weiss; Jack Elston

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Cloud Model Evaluation Using Radiometric Measurements from the Airborne Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer (AirMISR)  

SciTech Connect

Detailed information on cloud properties is needed to vigorously test retrieval algorithms for satellite and ground-based remote sensors. The inherent complexity of clouds makes this information difficult to obtain from observations alone and cloud resolving models are often used to generating synthetic datasets that can be used as proxies for real data. We test the ability of a cloud resolving model to reproduce cloud structure in a case study of low-level clouds observed by the Earth Observing System (EOS) validation program in north central Oklahoma on March 3, 2000. A three-dimensional radiative transfer model is applied to synthetic cloud properties generated by a high-resolution three-dimensional cloud model in order to simulate the top of atmosphere radiances. These synthetic radiances are then compared with observations from the airborne Multiangle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (AirMISR), flown on the NASA ER-2 high-altitude aircraft.

Ovtchinnikov, Mikhail; Marchand, Roger T.

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Evidence of Airborne Transmission of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Virus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...rates through doorways and windows (closed and open) were assumed to be dependent on differences in air pressure. Differences in air temperature and winds, as well as the exhaust from fans, could introduce driving pressures. We used the software program MIX, which was developed by Li et al. to model the... This analysis used detailed airflow-dynamics studies to model the possible airborne spread of the virus in the large outbreak of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in the Amoy Gardens housing complex in Hong Kong. The spatial distribution of the cases supports the hypothesis that a single index patient was the source of infection and the infection was spread by virus-laden aerosols.

Yu I.T.S.; Li Y.; Wong T.W.

2004-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

477

Airborne Release Fractions/Rates and Respirable Fractions for Nonreactor Nuclear Facilities, Volume 1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TS NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-HDBK-3010-94 December 1994 Reaffirmed 2013 DOE HANDBOOK AIRBORNE RELEASE FRACTIONS/RATES AND RESPIRABLE FRACTIONS FOR NONREACTOR NUCLEAR FACILITIES Volume I - Analysis of Experimental Data U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37831; (615) 576-8401. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 487-4650.

478

Radiative Decay Modes of the Muon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 5-in. freon bubble chamber was used to search for the following decay modes of the ?+ meson: (1)?+?e++?, (2)?+?e++e-+e+, (3)?+?e++?0+?0+?, (4)?+?e++?0+?0+e++e-. Two exposures were made at the Carnegie Institute of Technology synchrocyclotron. A total of 200 000 pictures were taken yielding 3.3105 ?+ meson decays.A total of 3105 ?+ decays were examined for mode (1). No decays consistent with this mode were found. The upper limit on the branching ratio Rrad was found to be Rrad=(?+?e++?)(?+?e++?0+?0)<2.510-5.A total of 3.3105 ?+ decays were scanned for mode (2) and no such decays were observed. The limit on the branching ratio R3e was found to be R3e=(?+?e++e-+e+)(?+?e++?0+?0)<410-6.The internal bremsstrahlung rate (mode 3) was measured for two values of E?0 (the minimum photon energy detected). The results were RIB=(?+?e++?0+?0+?)(?+?e++?0+?0), RIB=(1.40.4)10-2,E?0=10Mev, RIB=(3.31.3)10-3,E?0=20Mev.The rate of internal conversion of internal bremsstrahlung [mode (4)] was found to be RIC=(?+?e++?0+?0+e++e-)(?+?e++?0+?0)=(2.21.5)10-5,E0=10Mev, where E0 is the minimum energy of the internally converted ? ray.A summary is given of previous experiments on these decay modes and results are discussed with special reference to the intermediate boson scheme of weak four-fermion interactions.

R. R. Crittenden; W. D. Walker; J. Ballam

1961-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

479

Occupational exposures of airborne trichloramine at indoor swimming pools in Taipei  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Ten indoor swimming pools in Taipei, Taiwan were included in the study to assess the exposure of people to airborne trichloramine (NCl3) and also to discover the factors that might affect the associated concentrations. An active air sampling method was performed to determine the levels of NCl3, while questionnaires were administered to swimming pool workers, including lifeguards, swimming instructors, and management employees. The results show that the concentrations of trichloramine ranged from 0.017 to 0.15mgm?3, which were generally lower than what have been reported from other studies. Symptoms of sore throat and phlegm were more frequent among lifeguards and swimming instructors (exposure group) than management employees (reference group) (odds ratios were 11.28 and 4.22 for sore throat and phlegm, respectively). It seems that the current exposure limit for airborne NCl3, which was recommended by WHO, was not lower enough to protect the health of pool attendants. Regulated level of free available chlorine in Taipei (i.e., 0.30.7ppm) is lower than what is required in other countries (e.g., 13ppm in the UK). This might be the main reason why the concentrations of \\{NCl3\\} reported elsewhere were higher than what were found in this research. Further international comparisons will help to elucidate if low free chlorine concentration should be adopted as an operating standard. For the indoor swimming pools in Taipei, the air quality is suggested to be improved, since even with the low concentrations of NCl3, higher respiratory ailments among pool workers were observed.

Tsai-Shu Chu; Shu-Fang Cheng; Gen-Shuh Wang; Shih-Wei Tsai

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Assessing sources of airborne mineral dust and other aerosols, in Iraq  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Most airborne particulate matter in Iraq comes from mineral dust sources. This paper describes the statistics and modeling of chemical results, specifically those from Teflon filter samples collected at Tikrit, Balad, Taji, Baghdad, Tallil and Al Asad, in Iraq, in 2006/2007. Methodologies applied to the analytical results include calculation of correlation coefficients, Principal Components Analysis (PCA), and Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) modeling. PCA provided a measure of the covariance within the data set, thereby identifying likely point sources and events. These include airborne mineral dusts of silicate and carbonate minerals, gypsum and salts, as well as anthropogenic sources of metallic fumes, possibly from battery smelting operations, and emissions of leaded gasoline vehicles. Five individual PMF factors (source categories) were modeled, four of which being assigned to components of geological dust, and the fifth to gasoline vehicle emissions together with battery smelting operations. The four modeled geological components, dust-siliceous, dust-calcic, dust-gypsum, and evaporate occur in variable ratios for each site and size fraction (TSP, PM10, and PM2.5), and also vary by season. In general, Tikrit and Taji have the largest and Al Asad the smallest percentages of siliceous dust. In contrast, Al Asad has the largest proportion of gypsum, in part representing the gypsiferous soils in that region. Baghdad has the highest proportions of evaporite in both size fractions, ascribed to the highly salinized agricultural soils, following millennia of irrigation along the Tigris River valley. Although dust storms along the Tigris and Euphrates River valleys originate from distal sources, the mineralogy bears signatures of local soils and air pollutants.

Johann P. Engelbrecht; R.K.M. Jayanty

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "airborne radon decay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

12. CP violation in meson decays 1 12. CP VIOLATION IN MESON DECAYS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

12. CP violation in meson decays 1 12. CP VIOLATION IN MESON DECAYS Revised May 2012 by D. Kirkby (UC Irvine) and Y. Nir (Weizmann Institute). The CP transformation combines charge conjugation C, for example, a left-handed electron e- L is transformed under CP into a right-handed positron, e+ R. If CP

482

12. CP violation in meson decays 1 12. CP VIOLATION IN MESON DECAYS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

12. CP violation in meson decays 1 12. CP VIOLATION IN MESON DECAYS Revised August 2009 by D. Kirkby (UC Irvine) and Y. Nir (Weizmann Institute). The CP transformation combines charge conjugation C, for example, a left-handed electron e- L is transformed under CP into a right-handed positron, e+ R. If CP

483

Rare and forbidden decays of D Mesons  

SciTech Connect

The authors summarize the results of two recent searches for flavor-changing neutral current, lepton-flavor violating, and lepton-number violating decays of D{sup +}, D{sub s}{sup +}, and D{sup 0} mesons (and their antiparticles) into modes containing muons and electrons. using data from Fermilab charm hadroproduction experiment E791, they examined D{sup +} and D{sub s}{sup +} {pi}{ell}{ell} and {Kappa}{ell}{ell} decay modes and the D{sup 0} dilepton decay modes containing either {ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup {minus}}, a {rho}{sup 0}, {bar {Kappa}}*{sup 0}, or {phi} vector meson, or a non-resonant {pi}{pi}, {Kappa}{pi}, or {Kappa}{Kappa} pair of pseudoscalar mesons. No evidence for any of these decays was found. Therefore, the authors presented branching-fraction upper limits at 90% confidence level for the 51 decay modes examined. Twenty-six of these modes had no previously reported limits, and eighteen of the remainder were reported with significant improvements over previously published results.

David A. Sanders et al.

2001-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

484

Random matrix description of decaying quantum systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This contribution describes a statistical model for decaying quantum systems (e.g. photo-dissociation or -ionization). It takes the interference between direct and indirect decay processes explicitely into account. The resulting expressions for the partial decay amplitudes and the corresponding cross sections may be considered a many-channel many-resonance generalization of Fano's original work on resonance lineshapes [Phys. Rev 124, 1866 (1961)]. A statistical (random matrix) model is then introduced. It allows to describe chaotic scattering systems with tunable couplings to the decay channels. We focus on the autocorrelation function of the total (photo) cross section, and we find that it depends on the same combination of parameters, as the Fano-parameter distribution. These combinations are statistical variants of the one-channel Fano parameter. It is thus possible to study Fano interference (i.e. the interference between direct and indirect decay paths) on the basis of the autocorrelation function, and thereby in the regime of overlapping resonances. It allows us, to study the Fano interference in the limit of strongly overlapping resonances, where we find a persisting effect on the level of the weak localization correction.

T. Gorin

2005-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

485

Leptonic B Decays at BaBar  

SciTech Connect

The authors will present the most recent results on leptonic B decays B{sup {+-}(0)} {yields} K*{sup {+-}(0)} {nu}{bar {nu}} and B{sup {+-}} {yields} {mu}{sup {+-}}{nu}, based on the data collected by the BaBar detector at PEP-II, an asymmetric e{sup +}e{sup -} collider at the center of mass energy of the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance. Rare B decays have always been a standard probe for New Physics (NP) searches. The very low Standard Model (SM) rate of these decays often make them unaccessible with the present experimental datasets, unless NP effects enhance the rate up to the current experimental sensitivity. Moreover, as NP effects can modify the decay kinematic, particular attention must be payed in order to perform a model independent analysis. A B-Factory provides an unique environment where to investigate these processes. The high number of B{bar B} pairs produced by a B-Factory often allows to approach the needed experimental sensitivity. Moreover, the clean environment and the closed kinematic of the initial state enable to obtaining a very pure sample where to look for these decays.

Monorchio, Diego; /INFN, Naples /Naples U.

2011-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

486

Neutron decay beyond the standard model.  

SciTech Connect

The authors discuss {beta} decay interactions in extensions of the Standard Model, and the role of {beta} decay experiments in obtaining information on them. Nuclear and neutron {beta} decay played an important role in the development of the Standard Model (SM). Today a major motivation for their further experimental study is the importance of searching for new-interactions. Despite the remarkable success of the SM, for many theoretical reasons the existence of new physics is expected. In fact, we have already the first strong experimental evidence, in the form of neutrino oscillations, that some extension of the SM is required. In this talk we shall discuss {beta} decay interactions in extensions of the SM [1]. We shall review the existing bounds on new interactions provided by {beta} decay experiments, and consider the constraints on them from other sources. In the next section we focus on time-reversal (T) invariant contributions. In Section 3 we discuss briefly the contributions from the T-violating components of the new interactions. Section 4 contains our conclusions.

Herczeg, P. (Peter)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Computer program for the sensitivity calculation of a CR-39 detector in a diffusion chamber for radon measurements  

SciTech Connect

Computer software for calculation of the sensitivity of a CR-39 detector closed in a diffusion chamber to radon is described in this work. The software consists of two programs, both written in the standard Fortran 90 programming language. The physical background and a numerical example are given. Presented software is intended for numerous researches in radon measurement community. Previously published computer programs TRACK-TEST.F90 and TRACK-VISION.F90 [D. Nikezic and K. N. Yu, Comput. Phys. Commun. 174, 160 (2006); D. Nikezic and K. N. Yu, Comput. Phys. Commun. 178, 591 (2008)] are used here as subroutines to calculate the track parameters and to determine whether the track is visible or not, based on the incident angle, impact energy, etching conditions, gray level, and visibility criterion. The results obtained by the software, using five different V functions, were compared with the experimental data found in the literature. Application of two functions in this software reproduced experimental data very well, while other three gave lower sensitivity than experiment.

Nikezic, D., E-mail: nikezic@kg.ac.rs; Stajic, J. M. [Faculty of Science, University of Kragujevac, R. Domanovica 12, Kragujevac 34000 (Serbia)] [Faculty of Science, University of Kragujevac, R. Domanovica 12, Kragujevac 34000 (Serbia); Yu, K. N. [Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, 83 Tat Chee Avenue (Hong Kong)] [Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, 83 Tat Chee Avenue (Hong Kong)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

488

Rogers, V.C., K.K. Nielson, 1991, "Multiphase Radon Generation and Transport in Porous Minerals," Health Physics Vol. 60, No. 6, 807-813.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radioactivity (TENR) Cause by Non-Uranium Mining, October 16-19, Szczyrk, Poland. Usman, S.S., H.Spitz, and J Limited presented at the Nuclear Regulatory Commission Uranium Recovery Licensing Workshop, January 11 to Monitor Radon Emissions from Uranium Tailings," Contract Number EP-D-05-002, Work Assignment No. 4

489

Estimation of dose contribution from 226Ra, 232Th and 40K radon exhalation rates in soil samples from Shivalik foot hills in India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......than the limit (370 Bq kg1) set in the 1979 Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development report. The calculated values...of radon exhalation rate and estimation of radiation doses in coal and fly ash samples. Appl. Radiat. Isot. (2008) 66:401-406......

R. P. Chauhan; Pooja Chauhan; Anil Pundir; Sunil Kamboj; Vakul Bansal; R. S. Saini

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Measurements of B?Ds(+)X decays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. THE B?DS ?*?1D ?*? DECAY RATES In the dominant process leading to a two-body decay of the type B!Ds(*)1D (*), shown in Fig. 1, the Ds(*)1 is pro- duced from the fragmentation of the W1. The analogous b!u transitions lead to final states like Ds1p2...*5280 MeV, Vcb50.038, tB51.52 ps , and ua1u51.07 @14#, which was derived from B0!D (*)1p2/r2 decays. The CLEO II values are the values of Table VIII with all of the errors added in quadrature. Model Ds 1D Ds* 1D Ds 1D* Ds* 1D* BSW @19# 1.69 0.99 0...

Baringer, Philip S.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Factorization in B ---> V gamma decays  

SciTech Connect

The factorization properties of the radiative decays B {yields} V{gamma} are analyzed at leading order in 1/m{sub b} using the soft-collinear effective theory. It is shown that the decay amplitudes can be expressed in terms of a B {yields} V form factor evaluated at q{sup 2} = 0, light-cone distribution amplitudes of the B and V mesons, and calculable hard-scattering kernels. The renormalization-group equations in the effective theory are solved to resum perturbative logarithms of the different scales in the decay process. Phenomenological implications for the B {yields} K*{gamma} branching ratio, isospin asymmetry, and CP asymmetries are discussed, with particular emphasis on possible effects from physics beyond the Standard Model.

Becher, Thomas; /Fermilab; Hill, Richard J.; /SLAC; Neubert, Matthias; /Cornell U., LEPP

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

BES Results on Charmonium Decays and Transitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results are reported based on samples of 58 million $J/\\psi$ and 14 million $\\psi(2S)$ decays obtained by the BESII experiment. Improved branching fraction measurements are determined, including branching fractions for $J/\\psi\\to\\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^0$, $\\psi(2S)\\to \\pi^0 J/\\psi$, $\\eta J/\\psi$, $\\pi^0 \\pi^0 J/\\psi$, anything $J/\\psi$, and $\\psi(2S)\\to\\gamma\\chi_{c1},\\gamma\\chi_{c2}\\to\\gamma\\gamma\\jpsi$. Using 14 million $\\psi(2S)$ events, $f_0(980)f_0(980)$ production in $\\chi_{c0}$ decays and $K^*(892)^0\\bar K^*(892)^0$ production in $\\chi_{cJ}~(J=0,1,2)$ decays are observed for the first time, and branching ratios are determined.

Frederick A. Harris

2004-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

493

Rare K decays: Challenges and Perspectives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At this stage of the LHC program, the prospect for a new physics signal in the very rare K ---> pi nu nu bar decays may be dented, but remains well alive thanks to their intrinsic qualities. First, these decays are among the cleanest observables in the quark flavor sector. When combined with their terrible suppression in the Standard Model, they thus offer uniquely sensitive probes. Second, the LHC capabilities are not ideal for all kinds of new physics, even below the TeV scale. For example, rather elusive scenarios like natural-SUSY-like hierarchical spectrum, baryon number violation, or new very light but very weakly interacting particles may well induce deviations in rare K decays. Even though experimentalists should brace themselves for tiny deviations, these modes thus have a clear role to play in the LHC era.

Christopher Smith

2014-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

494

Correlations and the neutrinoless double beta decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We explore the influence of the deformation on the nuclear matrix elements of the neutrinoless double beta decay (NME) concluding that the difference in deformation ?or more generally on the amount of quadrupole correlations? between parent and grand daughter nuclei quenchs strongly the decay. We discuss how varies the nuclear matrix element of 76 Ge decay when the wave functions of the two nuclei involved in the transition are constrained to reproduce the experimental occupancies. In the Interacting Shell Model description the value of the NME is enhanced about 15% compared to previous calculations whereas in the QRPA the NMEs are reduced by 20%30% thus the discrepancies between both approaches diminish.

J. Menndez; A. Poves; E. Caurier; F. Nowacki

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Factorization in B to V gamma Decays  

SciTech Connect

The factorization properties of the radiative decays B {yields} V{gamma} are analyzed at leading order in 1/mb using the soft-collinear effective theory. It is shown that the decay amplitudes can be expressed in terms of a B {yields} V form factor evaluated at q{sup 2} = 0, light-cone distribution amplitudes of the B and V mesons, and calculable hard-scattering kernels. The renormalization-group equations in the effective theory are solved to resume perturbative logarithms of the different scales in the decay process. Phenomenological implications for the B {yields} K*{gamma} branching ratio, isospin asymmetry, and CP asymmetries are discussed, with particular emphasis on possible effects from physics beyond the Standard Model.

Becher, T

2005-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

496

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 89698982, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/8969/2010/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of uniform radon flux density. 1 Introduction Radon-222, or radon, is a radioactive noble gas which is ex- haled by soil and rock to the atmosphere. Radioactive decay is the only significant removal process, so

Meskhidze, Nicholas

497

Nonfactorization in Cabibbo-favored B decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We assume universal values for the color-singlet (?1) and color-octet (?8) nonfactorization parameters in B decays. Two sets of color-favored processes and one set of color-suppressed processes were used to give quantitative estimates of these parameters. It has been found (by calculating the branching ratios for a large number of Cabibbo-favored B decays) that the values ?1(?0)=-0.060.03 and ?8(?0)=0.120.02 improve significantly the predictions of the factorization model.

F. M. Al-Shamali and A. N. Kamal

1999-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

498

One-particle inclusive semileptonic B decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a method for a QCD based calculation of one-particle inclusive decays of the form B?DX or B?D*X. It is based on the heavy mass limit and a short distance expansion of the amplitudes, which yield a power series in the parameter 1/MX2 for the spectra and in ?QCDmb/(mb-mc)2 for the rates. We study the leading term of this expansion for the case of the semileptonic decays B?DXl+?.

Christopher Balzereit and Thomas Mannel

1998-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

499

On the neutrinoless double ?{sup +}/EC decays  

SciTech Connect

The neutrinoless double positron-emission/electron-capture (0??{sup +}/EC) decays are studied for the magnitudes of the involved nuclear matrix elements (NMEs). Decays to the ground state, 0{sub gs}{sup +}, and excited 0{sup +} states are discussed. The participant many-body wave functions are evaluated in the framework of the quasiparticle random-phase approximation (QRPA). Effective, G-matrix-derived nuclear forces are used in realistic single-particle model spaces. The channels ?{sup +}?{sup +}, ?{sup +}EC, and the resonant neutrinoless double electron capture (R0?ECEC) are discussed.

Suhonen, Jouni [Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35 (YFL), FI-40014 University of Jyvskyl (Finland)

2013-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

500

Fission decay in intermediate heavy ion reactions  

SciTech Connect

Results are presented on cross sections, parallel and perpendicular momentum transfers, charge loss and velocity systematics for fission following reactions of Fe and Nb projectiles at 50--100 MeV/A on targets of Ta, Au, and Th. The results at 100 MeV/A are compared to a detailed multistage deexcitation model. The initial collision is modeled with an intranuclear cascade. The resultant excited target residues then undergo a fast preequilibrium decay stage followed by a statistical decay involving nucleon evaporation and fission. Results from this modeling are in reasonable agreement with experimental data. 14 refs., 11 figs.

Britt, H.C.

1990-10-03T23:59:59.000Z