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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agua caliente band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Agua Caliente, World's Largest Solar Photovoltaic Plant, Helps...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Agua Caliente, World's Largest Solar Photovoltaic Plant, Helps Advance America's Solar Leadership Agua Caliente, World's Largest Solar Photovoltaic Plant, Helps Advance America's...

2

Agua Calientes Trailer Park Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Calientes Trailer Park Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Agua Calientes Trailer Park Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

3

Agua Caliente Solar Feasibility and Pre-Development Study Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Evaluation of facility- and commercial-scale solar energy projects on the Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians Reservation in Palm Springs, CA. The Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians (ACBCI) conducted a feasibility and pre-development study of potential solar projects on its lands in southern California. As described below, this study as a logical and necessary next step for ACBCI. Support for solar project development in California, provided through the statewide California Solar Initiative (CSI), its Renewable Portfolio Standard and Feed-in Tariff Program, and recently announced Reverse Auction Mechanism, provide unprecedented support and incentives that can be utilized by customers of California's investor-owned utilities. Department of Energy (DOE) Tribal Energy Program funding allowed ACBCI to complete its next logical step to implement its Strategic Energy Plan, consistent with its energy and sustainability goals.

Carolyn T. Stewart, Managing Partner; Red Mountain Energy Partners

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

4

EA-1797: Agua Caliente Solar Project in Yuma County, AZ | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Solar Project in Yuma County, AZ November 1, 2010 EA-1797: Final Environmental Assessment Loan Guarantee for the Agua Caliente Solar Project in Yuma County, Arizona November 24,...

5

Agua Caliente Wind/Solar Project at Whitewater Ranch  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians (ACBCI) was awarded a grant by the Department of Energy (DOE) to study the feasibility of a wind and/or solar renewable energy project at the Whitewater Ranch (WWR) property of ACBCI. Red Mountain Energy Partners (RMEP) was engaged to conduct the study. The ACBCI tribal lands in the Coachella Valley have very rich renewable energy resources. The tribe has undertaken several studies to more fully understand the options available to them if they were to move forward with one or more renewable energy projects. With respect to the resources, the WWR property clearly has excellent wind and solar resources. The DOE National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has continued to upgrade and refine their library of resource maps. The newer, more precise maps quantify the resources as among the best in the world. The wind and solar technology available for deployment is also being improved. Both are reducing their costs to the point of being at or below the costs of fossil fuels. Technologies for energy storage and microgrids are also improving quickly and present additional ways to increase the wind and/or solar energy retained for later use with the network management flexibility to provide power to the appropriate locations when needed. As a result, renewable resources continue to gain more market share. The transitioning to renewables as the major resources for power will take some time as the conversion is complex and can have negative impacts if not managed well. While the economics for wind and solar systems continue to improve, the robustness of the WWR site was validated by the repeated queries of developers to place wind and/or solar there. The robust resources and improving technologies portends toward WWR land as a renewable energy site. The business case, however, is not so clear, especially when the potential investment portfolio for ACBCI has several very beneficial and profitable alternatives.

Hooks, Todd; Stewart, Royce

2014-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

6

Agua Caliente Solar Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORT Americium/Curium Vitrification ProjectAVANTI Logo:AffinityAgua

7

Geothermal heating for Caliente, Nevada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utilization of geothermal resources in the town of Caliente, Nevada (population 600) has been the objective of two grants. The first grant was awarded to Ferg Wallis, part-owner and operator of the Agua Caliente Trailer Park, to assess the potential of hot geothermal water for heating the 53 trailers in his park. The results from test wells indicate sustainable temperatures of 140/sup 0/ to 160/sup 0/F. Three wells were drilled to supply all 53 trailers with domestic hot water heating, 11 trailers with space heating and hot water for the laundry from the geothermal resource. System payback in terms of energy cost-savings is estimated at less than two years. The second grant was awarded to Grover C. Dils Medical Center in Caliente to drill a geothermal well and pipe the hot water through a heat exchanger to preheat air for space heating. This geothermal preheater served to convert the existing forced air electric furnace to a booster system. It is estimated that the hospital will save an average of $5300 in electric bills per year, at the current rate of $.0275/KWH. This represents a payback of approximately two years. Subsequent studies on the geothermal resource base in Caliente and on the economics of district heating indicate that geothermal may represent the most effective supply of energy for Caliente. Two of these studies are included as appendices.

Wallis, F.; Schaper, J.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

E-Print Network 3.0 - aire secundario caliente Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Physics Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 21 San Diego County Reservation Summary: Agua Caliente Reservation Capitan Grande Reservation Fort...

9

Agua Caliente Solar Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergy Information Lightning Dock Area274907°,AgassizisAgriwind

10

Terra Caliente | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,Ltd Jump Jump to: navigation, search Name: Terra Caliente Place:

11

Agua Caliente, World's Largest Solar Photovoltaic Plant, Helps Advance  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehicles » Alternative FuelNewsWashington Auto ShowAtoActiveAdvanced

12

NRG Solar, LLC (Agua Caliente) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen OwnedofDepartment ofJaredOak Ridge’s EM programAFlying high 1

13

Agua Calientes Trailer Park Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 SouthWaterBrasil JumpAerowatt EnergiesFacility | Open Energy Information

14

E-Print Network 3.0 - agua caliente con Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

de la tarjeta TIU... ,40 Descafeinado con leche 0,40 Capuchino descafeinado 0,40 Leche sola 0,35 ... Source: Escolano, Francisco - Departamento de Ciencia de la Computacin e...

15

EA-1797: Agua Caliente Solar Project in Yuma County, AZ | Department of  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy CooperationRequirements Matrix U.S.7685 Vol. 76,Next AutoworksEnergy Final5:6:Energy

16

City of Caliente, Nevada (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDITOhio (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation,Caliente, Nevada (Utility Company)

17

E-Print Network 3.0 - access study caliente Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hiko Uvada Caliente Crestline Islen Acoma Alamo Elgin Carp Rox Littlefield Mesquite... County Nye County Lincoln County Beaver County Iron County State Line County Boundary...

18

aguas frescas agua: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(1 Murcia, Universidad de 25 AguaClara: Innovative Models for Innovative Technology October 7, 2011 Engineering Websites Summary: AguaClara: Innovative Models for Innovative...

19

Geology, resistivity, and hydrochemistry of the Ojo Caliente hot springs area, northern New Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geothermal fluids of the Ojo Caliente area discharge from a northeast trending normal fault that juxtaposes Precambrian metarhyolite and Tertiary sediments. An electrical resistivity survey shows that the fluids emerge from the fault and flow as a plume of thermal water into cold aquifers east of the fault. Geochemistry of fluids indicates a maximum reservoir temperature at depth of 80/sup 0/C with no suggestion of high temperature isotopic exchange between water and reservoir rocks. From this data, it is believed that the Ojo Caliente system is suitable only for small-scale direct use geothermal applications.

Stix, J.; Pearson, C.; Vuataz, F.; Goff, F.; East, J.; Hoffers, B.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

aguas subterraneas del: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Luis** * CSIC e Instituto del Agua de la Universidad de Granada Castillo, Antonio 3 CIENCIA, TECNOLOGA, POLTICA Y PLANIFICACIN DEL AGUA Y DE Engineering Websites Summary: de...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agua caliente band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

aguas del estero: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Luis** * CSIC e Instituto del Agua de la Universidad de Granada Castillo, Antonio 3 CIENCIA, TECNOLOGA, POLTICA Y PLANIFICACIN DEL AGUA Y DE Engineering Websites Summary: de...

22

aguas del parque: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Luis** * CSIC e Instituto del Agua de la Universidad de Granada Castillo, Antonio 4 CIENCIA, TECNOLOGA, POLTICA Y PLANIFICACIN DEL AGUA Y DE Engineering Websites Summary: de...

23

actividad del agua: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Luis** * CSIC e Instituto del Agua de la Universidad de Granada Castillo, Antonio 3 CIENCIA, TECNOLOGA, POLTICA Y PLANIFICACIN DEL AGUA Y DE Engineering Websites Summary: de...

24

agua potable del: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Luis** * CSIC e Instituto del Agua de la Universidad de Granada Castillo, Antonio 5 CIENCIA, TECNOLOGA, POLTICA Y PLANIFICACIN DEL AGUA Y DE Engineering Websites Summary: de...

25

agua produzida para: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 acceso futuro a agua potable, as- como a agua para saneamiento, riego y agricultura, operaciones mineras Vuille, Mathias 108 Monitoria para FIS1012 Aspectos Fsicos para o...

26

aguas aportes para: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 acceso futuro a agua potable, as- como a agua para saneamiento, riego y agricultura, operaciones mineras Vuille, Mathias 107 DECLARACION DE INTERESES PARA FUNCIONARIOS Y...

27

agua para fotons: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 acceso futuro a agua potable, as- como a agua para saneamiento, riego y agricultura, operaciones mineras Vuille, Mathias 102 Monitoria para FIS1012 Aspectos Fsicos para o...

28

aguas residuales para: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 acceso futuro a agua potable, as- como a agua para saneamiento, riego y agricultura, operaciones mineras Vuille, Mathias 108 Monitoria para FIS1012 Aspectos Fsicos para o...

29

agua para estanques: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 acceso futuro a agua potable, as- como a agua para saneamiento, riego y agricultura, operaciones mineras Vuille, Mathias 100 Monitoria para FIS1012 Aspectos Fsicos para o...

30

aguas municpales para: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 acceso futuro a agua potable, as- como a agua para saneamiento, riego y agricultura, operaciones mineras Vuille, Mathias 100 Monitoria para FIS1012 Aspectos Fsicos para o...

31

agua para beber: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 acceso futuro a agua potable, as- como a agua para saneamiento, riego y agricultura, operaciones mineras Vuille, Mathias 111 Monitoria para FIS1012 Aspectos Fsicos para o...

32

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE PROPOSED WITHDRAWAL OF PUBLIC LANDS WITHIN AND SURROUNDING THE CALIENTE RAIL CORRIDOR, NEVADA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose for agency action is to preclude surface entry and the location of new mining claims, subject to valid existing rights, within and surrounding the Caliente rail corridor as described in the Yucca Mountain FEIS (DOE 2002). This protective measure is needed to enhance the safe, efficient, and uninterrupted evaluation of land areas for potential rail alignments within the Caliente rail corridor. The evaluation will assist the DOE in determining, through the Rail Alignment environmental impact statement (EIS) process, whether to construct a branch rail line, and to provide support to the BLM in deciding whether or not to reserve a ROW for the rail line under the Federal Land Policy and Management Act (FLPMA). The BLM participated as a cooperating agency in preparing this EA because it is the responsible land manager and BLM staff could contribute resource specific expertise.

DOE

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

agua potable con: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

on Climate Change) 12;Cambio climtico 12;Situacion con el Petroleo 12;12;Energia Renovable en PR Solar Eolica Biocombustibles Agua 12;EL PLANETA AZUL 12;EL AGUA EN LA...

34

aguas residuales con: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

climtico 12;Situacion con el Petroleo 12;12;Energia Renovable en PR Solar Eolica Biocombustibles Agua 12;EL PLANETA AZUL 12;EL AGUA EN LA TIERRA 12 convirtio en la...

35

aguas contaminadas con: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

climtico 12;Situacion con el Petroleo 12;12;Energia Renovable en PR Solar Eolica Biocombustibles Agua 12;EL PLANETA AZUL 12;EL AGUA EN LA TIERRA 12 convirtio en la...

36

agua contaminada con: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

climtico 12;Situacion con el Petroleo 12;12;Energia Renovable en PR Solar Eolica Biocombustibles Agua 12;EL PLANETA AZUL 12;EL AGUA EN LA TIERRA 12 convirtio en la...

37

abastecidas con agua: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

climtico 12;Situacion con el Petroleo 12;12;Energia Renovable en PR Solar Eolica Biocombustibles Agua 12;EL PLANETA AZUL 12;EL AGUA EN LA TIERRA 12 convirtio en la...

38

agua con vegetacion: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

climtico 12;Situacion con el Petroleo 12;12;Energia Renovable en PR Solar Eolica Biocombustibles Agua 12;EL PLANETA AZUL 12;EL AGUA EN LA TIERRA 12 convirtio en la...

39

aguas con equipo: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

climtico 12;Situacion con el Petroleo 12;12;Energia Renovable en PR Solar Eolica Biocombustibles Agua 12;EL PLANETA AZUL 12;EL AGUA EN LA TIERRA 12 convirtio en la...

40

agua con fines: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

climtico 12;Situacion con el Petroleo 12;12;Energia Renovable en PR Solar Eolica Biocombustibles Agua 12;EL PLANETA AZUL 12;EL AGUA EN LA TIERRA 12 convirtio en la...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agua caliente band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

agua con diferentes: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

climtico 12;Situacion con el Petroleo 12;12;Energia Renovable en PR Solar Eolica Biocombustibles Agua 12;EL PLANETA AZUL 12;EL AGUA EN LA TIERRA 12 convirtio en la...

42

CIENCIA, TECNOLOGA, POLTICA Y PLANIFICACIN DEL AGUA Y DE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

recursos, agua y energa, igualmente son importantes las acciones de: los fabricantes de equipos, los profesional, pblicas y privadas, estn colaborando en el CONGRESO AGRICULTURA, AGUA Y ENER- GIA para aportar

Escolano, Francisco

43

Instituto Universitario del Agua y de las Ciencias Ambientales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sánchez Sánchez http://iuaca.ua.es Organiza: Patrocina: AGUA, ARQUITECTURA Y PAISAJE EN EUROPA 21 nov ua idraulico Sara Maldina (Universidad de Ferrara) 12:30 Arquitectura, agua y paisaje en algunas ciudades en Europa" 18:00 Exposición de la oferta docente y de investigación en arquitectura, agua y paisaje

Escolano, Francisco

44

Letter Report: Yucca Mountain Environmental Monitoring Systems Initiative - Air Quality Scoping Study for Caliente, Lincoln County, Nevada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Desert Research Institute (DRI) is performing a scoping study as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Yucca Mountain Environmental Monitoring Systems Initiative (EMSI). The main objective is to obtain baseline air quality information for Yucca Mountain and an area surrounding the Nevada Test Site (NTS). Air quality and meteorological monitoring and sampling equipment housed in a mobile trailer (shelter) is collecting data at eight sites outside the NTS, including Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge (NWR), Beatty, Sarcobatus Flats, Rachel, Caliente, Pahranagat NWR, Crater Flat, and Tonopah Airport, and at four sites on the NTS (Engelbrecht et al., 2007a-d). The trailer is stationed at any one site for approximately eight weeks at a time. This letter report provides a summary of air quality and meteorological data, on completion of the site's sampling program.

J. Englebrecht; I. Kavouras; D. Campbell; S. Campbell; S. Kohl; D. Shafer

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Agua Doce Energia Ltda | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORT Americium/Curium Vitrification ProjectAVANTI Logo:AffinityAguaDoce

46

agua potable por: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vicente Raquel lvarez Guerra Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: fracking Tcnica del Fracking Riesgos e impactos de la tcnica Consumo elevado de agua...

47

agua dulce diplodon: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vicente Raquel lvarez Guerra Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: fracking Tcnica del Fracking Riesgos e impactos de la tcnica Consumo elevado de agua...

48

agua supercritica gasc: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vicente Raquel lvarez Guerra Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: fracking Tcnica del Fracking Riesgos e impactos de la tcnica Consumo elevado de agua...

49

agua dulce macrobrachium: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vicente Raquel lvarez Guerra Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: fracking Tcnica del Fracking Riesgos e impactos de la tcnica Consumo elevado de agua...

50

aguas residuales reglas: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vicente Raquel lvarez Guerra Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: fracking Tcnica del Fracking Riesgos e impactos de la tcnica Consumo elevado de agua...

51

aguas residuales por: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vicente Raquel lvarez Guerra Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: fracking Tcnica del Fracking Riesgos e impactos de la tcnica Consumo elevado de agua...

52

arrastrado por aguas: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vicente Raquel lvarez Guerra Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: fracking Tcnica del Fracking Riesgos e impactos de la tcnica Consumo elevado de agua...

53

aguas residuales basado: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vicente Raquel lvarez Guerra Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: fracking Tcnica del Fracking Riesgos e impactos de la tcnica Consumo elevado de agua...

54

aguas potables por: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vicente Raquel lvarez Guerra Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: fracking Tcnica del Fracking Riesgos e impactos de la tcnica Consumo elevado de agua...

55

agua formados por: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vicente Raquel lvarez Guerra Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: fracking Tcnica del Fracking Riesgos e impactos de la tcnica Consumo elevado de agua...

56

aguas residuales reciclagua: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vicente Raquel lvarez Guerra Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: fracking Tcnica del Fracking Riesgos e impactos de la tcnica Consumo elevado de agua...

57

aguas salobres por: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vicente Raquel lvarez Guerra Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: fracking Tcnica del Fracking Riesgos e impactos de la tcnica Consumo elevado de agua...

58

agua para consumo: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vicente Raquel lvarez Guerra Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: fracking Tcnica del Fracking Riesgos e impactos de la tcnica Consumo elevado de agua...

59

aguas residuales radiactivas: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vicente Raquel lvarez Guerra Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: fracking Tcnica del Fracking Riesgos e impactos de la tcnica Consumo elevado de agua...

60

aguas residuales municipales: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vicente Raquel lvarez Guerra Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: fracking Tcnica del Fracking Riesgos e impactos de la tcnica Consumo elevado de agua...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agua caliente band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

aguas oleosas por: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vicente Raquel lvarez Guerra Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: fracking Tcnica del Fracking Riesgos e impactos de la tcnica Consumo elevado de agua...

62

agua hymenachne amplexicaulis: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vicente Raquel lvarez Guerra Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: fracking Tcnica del Fracking Riesgos e impactos de la tcnica Consumo elevado de agua...

63

aguas poco profundas: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vicente Raquel lvarez Guerra Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: fracking Tcnica del Fracking Riesgos e impactos de la tcnica Consumo elevado de agua...

64

aguas naturais por: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vicente Raquel lvarez Guerra Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: fracking Tcnica del Fracking Riesgos e impactos de la tcnica Consumo elevado de agua...

65

aguas residuales crudas: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vicente Raquel lvarez Guerra Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: fracking Tcnica del Fracking Riesgos e impactos de la tcnica Consumo elevado de agua...

66

agua subterranea pela: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vicente Raquel lvarez Guerra Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: fracking Tcnica del Fracking Riesgos e impactos de la tcnica Consumo elevado de agua...

67

agua hirviente bwr: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vicente Raquel lvarez Guerra Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: fracking Tcnica del Fracking Riesgos e impactos de la tcnica Consumo elevado de agua...

68

acceso al agua: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

actuales de las marcas de agua, dn- doles exibilidad Boyer, Edmond 2 Propuesta de Investigacion Algoritmos de Control de Acceso al Medio en Redes Engineering Websites...

69

E-Print Network 3.0 - al agua dulce Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Geosciences 56 El Cambio de Paradigma del Agua Una Mirada al Desarrollo de los Recursos Hidrulicos en el Summary: El Cambio de Paradigma del Agua Una Mirada al...

70

E-Print Network 3.0 - aguas residuales urbanas Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

sostenido a fuentes mejores de abastecimiento de agua potable, por rea urbana y rural (UNICEF... Prevencin y Atencin de Desastres CATHALAC Centro del Agua del Trpico...

71

agua potable utilizando: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

de agua (LWL, por sus siglas en ingls) ya que aporta una imagen 122 Using Renewable Energy to Pump Water (Spanish) Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: Utilizando energ?a...

72

agua na bacia: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Joaqu-n Snchez Snchez http:iuaca.ua.es Organiza: Patrocina: AGUA, ARQUITECTURA Y PAISAJE EN EUROPA 21 nov ua idraulico Sara Maldina (Universidad de Ferrara) 12:30...

73

aguas residuales del: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Joaqu-n Snchez Snchez http:iuaca.ua.es Organiza: Patrocina: AGUA, ARQUITECTURA Y PAISAJE EN EUROPA 21 nov ua idraulico Sara Maldina (Universidad de Ferrara) 12:30...

74

agua del sur: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Joaqu-n Snchez Snchez http:iuaca.ua.es Organiza: Patrocina: AGUA, ARQUITECTURA Y PAISAJE EN EUROPA 21 nov ua idraulico Sara Maldina (Universidad de Ferrara) 12:30...

75

DOE/NV/26383-LTR2008-01 Letter Report Yucca Mountain Environmental Monitoring Systems Initiative - Air Quality Scoping Study for Caliente, Lincoln County, Nevada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Desert Research Institute (DRI) is performing a scoping study as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Yucca Mountain Environmental Monitoring Systems Initiative (EMSI). The main objective is to obtain baseline air quality information for Yucca Mountain and an area surrounding the Nevada Test Site (NTS). Air quality and meteorological monitoring and sampling equipment housed in a mobile trailer (shelter) is collecting data at eight sites outside the NTS, including Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge (NWR), Beatty, Sarcobatus Flats, Rachel, Caliente, Pahranagat NWR, Crater Flat, and Tonopah Airport, and at four sites on the NTS (Engelbrecht et al., 2007a-d). The trailer is stationed at any one site for approximately eight weeks at a time. This letter report provides a summary of air quality and meteorological data, on completion of the site's sampling program.

J. Engelbrecht; I. Kavouras; D. Campbell; S. Campbell; S. Kohl; D. Shafer

2009-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

76

E-Print Network 3.0 - aguas al sur Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

aguas al sur Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aguas al sur Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 DespusDeunDesastre Obedezca los anuncios...

77

E-Print Network 3.0 - aguas profundas da Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

24-30 C) y masas de agua profundas (fras, 4-5C... DIVERSAS MANERAS DE GENERAR ENERGIA CON AGUA EN EL PLANETA Fernando Gilbes Santaella Departamento... Renovable en PR...

78

E-Print Network 3.0 - aguas profundas brasil Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

brasil Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aguas profundas brasil Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 El Cambio de Paradigma del Agua Una...

79

E-Print Network 3.0 - aguas negras como Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

uso... importante de consumo de agua y de energa as como la disminucin de emisiones nocivas a la atmsfera en... segunda circular enero 2011 CIENCIA, TECNOLOGA,...

80

E-Print Network 3.0 - aguas residuais urbanas Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- Dotar de... - Produccin de energa elica y solar - Sustitucin de energas no renovables 6. Agua - Planes de ... Source: Rey Benayas, Jos Mara - Departamento de...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agua caliente band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

E-Print Network 3.0 - agua del suelo Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

36 Diseo de un Programa de Summary: conservacion de suelos y del agua (3) la "sustentabilidad" 12;Que significa "sustentabilidad"? La capacidad de... ... de .... cambios en:...

82

E-Print Network 3.0 - ambiental del agua Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DE Summary: Anlisis econmico de los costes energticos, de los costes del agua y del impacto ambiental. Impacto... segunda circular enero 2011 CIENCIA, TECNOLOGA, POLTICA...

83

E-Print Network 3.0 - aguas rasas sobre Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

64 DIVERSAS MANERAS DE GENERAR ENERGIA CON Summary: DIVERSAS MANERAS DE GENERAR ENERGIA CON AGUA EN EL PLANETA Fernando Gilbes Santaella Departamento... Renovable en PR...

84

E-Print Network 3.0 - agua propuesta basada Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Street Berkeley, CA 94720 Solventando la necesidad de agua limpia en el Mxico Rural... prior permission in writing from the publisher. ISSN 1552-7611. Solventando la...

85

E-Print Network 3.0 - agua potable empleando Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Potable. Experiencias de fortalecimiento a comits... de Agua Potable comunitarios en Bolivia y ... Source: Ecole Polytechnique, Centre de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics...

86

E-Print Network 3.0 - agua potable envasada Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Potable. Experiencias de fortalecimiento a comits... de Agua Potable comunitarios en Bolivia y ... Source: Ecole Polytechnique, Centre de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics...

87

E-Print Network 3.0 - aguas blancas provincia Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Durante este ao, el Grupo... caractersticas del agua (proyecto coordinado)". Flores Moya, Antonio. Universidad de Mlaga, Facultad de Ciencias... de la vegetacin y flora a...

88

E-Print Network 3.0 - anomalias del tracto Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

bboratory is operated by the University of California for the United Ststes Department of Energy under contract W-7405 -ENG-36 Summary: -trending Quebrada del Agua Caliente fault,...

89

Awards & Accomplishments | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Deal of the Year - Energy Risk Magazine Fisker's Karma, 2012 Design of the Year - AUTOMOBILE Magazine NRG Solar's Agua Caliente, 2011 Solar Project of the Year - Renewable...

90

EA-1797: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Final Environmental Assessment EA-1797: Final Environmental Assessment Loan Guarantee for the Agua Caliente Solar Project in Yuma County, Arizona The U.S. Department of Energy...

91

Water is Vital--Especially after a Disaster (Spanish)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

de agua potable, puede utilizar el agua del tanque de agua caliente, la ca?er?a y los cubos de hielo. ? Para utilizar el agua de las ca?er?as, deje entrar aire en la tuber?a abriendo el grifo m?s alto de la casa y dejando correr el agua del grifo... m?s bajo. ? Para utilizar el agua del tanque de agua caliente, aseg?rese de que la electricidad o el gas se encuentren cortados y abra luego el desag?e de la parte inferior del tanque. Deje fluir el agua cerrando la v?lvula de toma de agua y...

Crocker, Andrew

2007-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

92

E-Print Network 3.0 - agua nas palhadas Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

search results for: agua nas palhadas Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Fonaments d'Ones, Fluids i Termodinamica curs 2011-2012 Coleccion de Problemas I (Fluidos) Summary: la...

93

Determinacin de Criterios Numricos de Nutrimentos para Lagos y Reservas de Agua en Puerto Rico*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

agua, condicin caracterizada por exceso en el crecimiento de la biomasa acutica, produccin de biomasa acutica en los lagos en Puerto Rico. Estrategia Experimental Comenzando en agosto 2003 se

Gilbes, Fernando

94

E-Print Network 3.0 - agua al reservorio Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

al reservorio Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: agua al reservorio Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 LA-1 141O-MS LOS Alamos National...

95

E-Print Network 3.0 - aguas utilizadas para Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

no sea utilizada en un futuro cercano, alejados del pozo de agua ms... programas educativos deTexas AgriLife Extension Service estn disponibles para todas las personas,...

96

E-Print Network 3.0 - agua hasta algunos Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

de riego en Espaa Jos A. Gmez-Limn Javier Calatrava Alberto Garrido... Caja Rural, Sociedad Cooperatica de Crdito. La economa del agua de riego en Espaa Todos los...

97

E-Print Network 3.0 - aguas del arroyo Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

de Estudios Ambientales Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 83 D e s c r i p c i n -O b s e r v a c i o n e s taxonmicas Summary: en ambientes de aguas dulces deben...

98

The Pennsylvania State University Marching Blue Band Blue Band Office  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Pennsylvania State University Marching Blue Band Press Kit Blue Band Office 101 Blue Band Director vcc2@psu.edu orb1@psu.edu gad157@psu.edu (814) 865 - 3982 #12;History of the Blue Band The Marching Blue Band numbers 310 members which includes: 260 instrumentalists, 34 silks, 14 Touch of Blue

Maroncelli, Mark

99

E-Print Network 3.0 - arroyo naposta aguas Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

; Environmental Sciences and Ecology 82 LibroRojodelosInvertebradosdeAndaluca D e s c r i p c i n -O b s e r v a c i o n e s Summary: ha aparecido en aguas con una salinidad que...

100

Conservation notes BIRD BANDING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

--,?1 (' Conservation notes BIRD BANDING The Hows and Whys Three Pintail ducks from North America Stewart L,. Udall, Sectetaty FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE #12;#12;'"'^^ ''^ "^ CONSERVATION NOTES BIRD

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agua caliente band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Banded electromagnetic stator core  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A stator core for an electromagnetic pump includes a plurality of circumferentially adjoining groups of flat laminations disposed about a common centerline axis and collectively defining a central bore and a discontinuous outer perimeter, with adjacent groups diverging radially outwardly to form V-shaped gaps. An annular band surrounds the groups and is predeterminedly tensioned to clamp together the laminations, and has a predetermined flexibility in a radial direction to form substantially straight bridge sections between the adjacent groups. 5 figs.

Fanning, A.W.; Gonzales, A.A.; Patel, M.R.; Olich, E.E.

1996-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

102

Banded electromagnetic stator core  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A stator core for an electromagnetic pump includes a plurality of circumferentially adjoining groups of flat laminations disposed about a common centerline axis and collectively defining a central bore and a discontinuous outer perimeter, with adjacent groups diverging radially outwardly to form V-shaped gaps. An annular band surrounds the groups and is predeterminedly tensioned to clamp together the laminations, and has a predetermined flexibility in a radial direction to form substantially straight bridge sections between the adjacent groups. 5 figures.

Fanning, A.W.; Gonzales, A.A.; Patel, M.R.; Olich, E.E.

1994-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

103

Band crossing in a shears band of {sup 108}Cd  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The level lifetimes have been measured for a shears band of {sup 108}Cd that exhibits band crossing. The observed level energies and B(M1) rates have been successfully described by a semiclassical geometric model based on shear mechanism. In this geometric model, the band crossing in the shears band has been described as the reopening of the angle between the blades of a shear.

Roy, Santosh; Datta, Pradip; Pal, S.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Bhattacharya, S.; Goswami, A.; Jain, H. C.; Joshi, P. K.; Bhowmik, R. K.; Kumar, R.; Muralithar, S.; Singh, R. P.; Madhavan, N.; Rao, P. V. Madhusudhana [S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences. Block JD, Sector III, Saltlake City, Kolkata 700098 (India); iThemba Labs, Post Office Box 722, Somerset West 7129 (South Africa); Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF Bidhannager Kolkata, 700 064 (India); Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005 (India); Inter University Accelerator Center, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110 067 (India); Department of Physics, Andra University, Visakhapatnam 530 003 (India)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

104

#SolarIsNow: Recap of Our Recent Twitter Chat | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SolarIsNow as we celebrate PV & the introduction of Agua Caliente, the world's largest PV project. - NRG Energy, Inc. Tue, Apr 29 2014 17:59:09 Hi I'm Peter Davidson, Exec....

105

CX-008525: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Agua Caliente Wind/Solar Project at Whitewater Ranch CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1 Date: 05/22/2012 Location(s): California Offices(s): Golden Field Office

106

PRODUCTO / PRODUCTE BEBIDAS CALIENTES / BEGUDES CALENTES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

avellana Descafenats: tallat, amb llet, capuchino Leche sola, manchado Llet sola, tacat 0,15 T al limn

Escolano, Francisco

107

El Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologa, organiza el "Da Mundial del Agua 2012", un evento de Puertas Abiertas para celebrar "El Agua y la seguridad alimentara" tema  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

El Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, organiza el "Día Mundial del Agua 2012", un evento AYALA-CASTA?ARES" INSTITUTO DE CIENCIAS DEL MAR Y LIMNOLOGÍA, UNAM PROGRAMA 09:30 - 09:35 Inauguración y

Islas, León

108

Broad-band beam buncher  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A broad-band beam buncher is disclosed, comprising an evacuated housing, an electron gun therein for producing an electron beam, a buncher cavity having entrance and exit openings through which the beam is directed, grids across such openings, a source providing a positive DC voltage between the cavity and the electron gun, a drift tube through which the electron beam travels in passing through such cavity, grids across the ends of such drift tube, gaps being provided between the drift tube grids and the entrance and exit grids, a modulator for supplying an ultrahigh frequency modulating signal to the drift tube for producing velocity modulation of the electrons in the beam, a drift space in the housing through which the velocity modulated electron beam travels and in which the beam is bunched, and a discharge opening from such drift tube and having a grid across such opening through which the bunched electron beam is discharged into an accelerator or the like. The buncher cavity and the drift tube may be arranged to constitute an extension of a coaxial transmission line which is employed to deliver the modulating signal from a signal source. The extended transmission line may be terminated in its characteristic impedance to afford a broad-band response and the device as a whole designed to effect broad-band beam coupling, so as to minimize variations of the output across the response band.

Goldberg, David A. (Walnut Creek, CA); Flood, William S. (Berkeley, CA); Arthur, Allan A. (Martinez, CA); Voelker, Ferdinand (Orinda, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Washing Fresh Fruits and Vegetables (Spanish)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?reas de cocinar Lave sus manos con agua caliente con jab?n por 20 segundos antes y despu?s de haber manipulado alimentos y despu?s de haber tocado carne cruda, cambiado un pa?al, usado el ba?o, tocado a una mascota o tocado cualquier cosa que... cloro casero en 1 cuarto de gal?n de agua. Haga esto antes y despu?s de preparar la comida. Cuando lave productos frescos, tambi?n es importante tener un fregadero o lavaplatos limpio. Lave el fregadero con agua caliente con jab?n y despu?s enju...

Scott, Amanda

2008-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

110

Red Band Needle Blight TERMS OF REFERENCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Red Band Needle Blight TERMS OF REFERENCE Purpose 1. The Programme Board has been formed to have an overview of the administration and science of Red Band Needle Blight (RBNB), to underpin decisions made

111

Low band gap polymers Organic Photovoltaics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low band gap polymers for Organic Photovoltaics Eva Bundgaard Ph.D. Dissertation Ris National Bundgaard Title: Low band gap polymers for Organic photovoltaics Department: The polymer department Report the area of organic photovoltaics are focusing on low band gap polymers, a type of polymer which absorbs

112

Red Band Needle Blight Programme Red Band Needle Blight of Pine Programme Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Red Band Needle Blight Programme Group Red Band Needle Blight of Pine Programme Group Minutes Support Welcome and introduction 1. Jim thanked everyone for attending the first meeting of the Red Band and that the private 1 | Paper 1 - Minutes | Debbie Erskine | 23/01/2009 #12;Red Band Needle Blight Programme Group

113

X-BAND KLYSTRON DEVELOPMENT AT SLAC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of X-band klystrons at SLAC originated with the idea of building an X-band Linear Collider in the late 1980's. Since then much effort has been expended in developing a reliable X-band Power source capable of delivering >50 MW RF power in pulse widths >1.5 {micro}s. I will report on some of the technical issues and design strategies which have led to the current SLAC klystron designs.

Vlieks, Arnold E.; /SLAC

2009-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

114

Possible chiral bands in {sup 194}Tl  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High spin states in {sup 194}Tl, excited through the {sup 181}Ta({sup 18}O,5n) fusion evaporation reaction, were studied using the AFRODITE array at iThemba LABS. Candidate chiral bands built on the {pi}h{sub 9/2} x {nu}i{sub 13/2}{sup 1} configuration were found. Furthermore these bands were observed through a band crossing caused by the excitation of a {nu}i{sub 13/2} pair. Above the band crossing the excitation energies remain close, suggesting that chirality may persist for the four quasiparticle configuration too.

Masiteng, P. L.; Ramashidzha, T. M.; Maliage, S. M.; Sharpey-Schafer, J. F.; Vymers, P. A. [iThemba LABS, P.O Box 722, 7129 (South Africa); University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X17, 7535 Bellville (South Africa); Lawrie, E. A.; Lawrie, J. J.; Bark, R. A.; Mullins, S. M.; Murray, S. H. T. [iThemba LABS, P.O Box 722, 7129 (South Africa); Kau, J.; Komati, F. [iThemba LABS, P.O Box 722, 7129 (South Africa); University of the North West, Private Bag X2046, 2735 Mafikeng (South Africa); Lindsay, R. [University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X17, 7535 Bellville (South Africa); Matamba, I. [University of Venda for Science and Technology, Thohoyandou (South Africa); Mutshena, P. [iThemba LABS, P.O Box 722, 7129 (South Africa); University of Venda for Science and Technology, Thohoyandou (South Africa); Zhang, Y. [iThemba LABS, P.O Box 722, 7129 (South Africa); University of Cape Town, Private Bag, 7701 Rondebosch (South Africa)

2011-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

115

Apparatus for loading a band saw blade  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A band saw blade is loaded between pairs of guide wheels upon tensioning the blade by guiding the blade between pairs of spaced guide plates which define converging slots that converge toward the guide wheels. The approach is particularly useful in loading blades on underwater band saw machines used to cut radioactive materials. 2 figs.

Reeves, S.R.

1990-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

116

Narrow band gap amorphous silicon semiconductors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a narrow band gap amorphous silicon semiconductor comprising an alloy of amorphous silicon and a band gap narrowing element selected from the group consisting of Sn, Ge, and Pb, with an electron donor dopant selected from the group consisting of P, As, Sb, Bi and N. The process for producing the narrow band gap amorphous silicon semiconductor comprises the steps of forming an alloy comprising amorphous silicon and at least one of the aforesaid band gap narrowing elements in amount sufficient to narrow the band gap of the silicon semiconductor alloy below that of amorphous silicon, and also utilizing sufficient amounts of the aforesaid electron donor dopant to maintain the amorphous silicon alloy as an n-type semiconductor.

Madan, A.; Mahan, A.H.

1985-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

117

Maximum Likelihood Sub-band Weighting for Robust Speech Recognition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, bins of log filter-band energy (FBE) in each sub-band are multiplied with a weighting factor depending on the reliability of the sub-band. For each sub-band, zero padding is performed on the log FBE vector lengthening. For the DCT has the size of full-band FBE vector, the feature vector consists of the correlations across

118

Rotational band properties in {sup 165}Er  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-spin states in {sup 165}Er have been studied experimentally using the {sup 160}Gd({sup 9}Be, 4n) reaction at beam energies of 42 and 45 MeV. The previously known bands based on the 5/2{sup +}[642], 5/2{sup -}[523], and 11/2{sup -}[505] configurations are extended to (49/2{sup +}), (45/2{sup -}), and (31/2{sup -}) states, respectively. The rotational bands in {sup 165}Er generally show gradual alignment processes, indicating strong band interactions associated with the i{sub 13/2} neutron alignments. The band properties are compared with those in the neighboring nuclei and discussed within the framework of the cranked shell model.

Wang, S. T. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Zhou, X. H.; Zhang, Y. H.; Zheng, Y.; Liu, M. L.; Chen, L.; Zhang, N. T.; Hua, W.; Guo, S.; Qiang, Y. H.; Li, G. S.; Ding, B. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Shi, Y.; Xu, F. R. [School of Physics, and State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

119

Dipole Bands in {sup 196}Hg  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High spin states in {sup 196}Hg have been populated in the {sup 198}Pt({alpha},6n) reaction at 65 MeV and the level scheme has been extended. A new dipole band has been observed and a previously observed dipole has been confirmed. Excitation energies, spins and parities of these bands were determined from DCO ratio and linear polarization measurements. Possible quasiparticle excitations responsible for these structures are discussed.

Lawrie, J. J.; Lawrie, E. A.; Newman, R. T.; Sharpey-Schafer, J. F.; Smit, F. D. [iThemba LABS, PO Box 722, Somerset West 7129 (South Africa); Msezane, B. [iThemba LABS, PO Box 722, Somerset West 7129 (South Africa); Physics Department, University of Zululand, Private Bag X1001, Kwadlangezwa 3886 (South Africa); Benatar, M.; Mabala, G. K.; Mutshena, K. P. [iThemba LABS, PO Box 722, Somerset West 7129 (South Africa); Physics Department, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700 (South Africa); Federke, M.; Mullins, S. M. [Physics Department, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700 (South Africa); Ncapayi, N. J.; Vymers, P. [iThemba LABS, PO Box 722, Somerset West 7129 (South Africa); Physics Department, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X17, Belleville 7535 (South Africa)

2011-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

120

Control Banding and Nanotechnology Synergist  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The average Industrial Hygienist (IH) loves a challenge, right? Okay, well here is one with more than a few twists. We start by going through the basics of a risk assessment. You have some chemical agents, a few workers, and the makings of your basic exposure characterization. However, you have no occupational exposure limit (OEL), essentially no toxicological basis, and no epidemiology. Now the real handicap is that you cannot use sampling pumps, cassettes, tubes, or any of the media in your toolbox, and the whole concept of mass-to-dose is out the window, even at high exposure levels. Of course, by the title, you knew we were talking about nanomaterials (NM). However, we wonder how many IHs know that this topic takes everything you know about your profession and turns it upside down. It takes the very foundations that you worked so hard in college and in the field to master and pulls it out from underneath you. It even takes the gold standard of our profession, the quantitative science of exposure assessment, and makes it look pretty darn rusty. Now with NM there is the potential to get some aspect of quantitative measurements, but the instruments are generally very expensive and getting an appropriate workplace personal exposure measurement can be very difficult if not impossible. The potential for workers getting exposures, however, is very real, as evidenced by a recent publication reporting worker exposures to polyacrylate nanoparticles in a Chinese factory (Song et al. 2009). With something this complex and challenging, how does a concept as simple as Control Banding (CB) save the day? Although many IHs have heard of CB, most of their knowledge comes from its application in the COSHH Essentials toolkit. While there is conflicting published research on COSHH Essentials and its value for risk assessments, almost all of the experts agree that it can be useful when no OELs are available (Zalk and Nelson 2008). It is this aspect of CB, its utility with uncertainty, that attracted international NM experts to recommend this qualitative risk assessment approach for NM. However, since their CB recommendation was only in theory, we took on the challenge of developing a working toolkit, the CB Nanotool (see Zalk et al. 2009 and Paik et al. 2008), as a means to perform a risk assessment and protect researchers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. While it's been acknowledged that engineered NM have potentially endless benefits for society, it became clear to us that the very properties that make nanotechnology so useful to industry could also make them dangerous to humans and the environment. Among the uncertainties and unknowns with NM are: the contribution of their physical structure to their toxicity, significant differences in their deposition and clearance in the lungs when compared to their parent material (PM), a lack of agreement on the appropriate indices for exposure to NM, and very little background information on exposure scenarios or populations at risk. Part of this lack of background information can be traced to the lack of risk assessments historically performed in the industry, with a recent survey indicating that 65% of companies working with NM are not doing any kind of NM-specific risk assessment as they focus on traditional PM methods for IH (Helland et al. 2009). The good news is that the amount of peer-reviewed publications that address environmental, health and safety aspects of NM has been increasing over the last few years; however, the percentage of these that address practical methods to reduce exposure and protect workers is orders of magnitude lower. Our intent in developing the CB Nanotool was to create a simplified approach that would protect workers while unraveling the mysteries of NM for experts and non-experts alike. Since such a large part of the toxicological effects of both the physical and chemical properties of NM were unknown, not to mention changing logarithmically as new NM research continues growing, we needed to account for this lack of information as part of the CB Nano

Zalk, D; Paik, S

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agua caliente band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive Synchronous, Focally Modulated -Band Oscillations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, primarily synchronous -band voltage oscillations occur in the sensorimotor and frontal cortex of humansBehavioral/Systems/Cognitive Synchronous, Focally Modulated -Band Oscillations Characterize Local oscillations in the -frequency band ( 1530Hz

Graybiel, Ann M.

122

High Field W-Band (95 GHz) EPR | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

High Field W-Band (95 GHz) EPR High Field W-Band (95 GHz) EPR The W-band pulsed EPR spectrometer, introduced in 2011, is one of only two of its design worldwide. It uses a...

123

ISM band to U-NII band frequency transverter and method of frequency transversion  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A frequency transverter (10) and method for enabling bi-frequency dual-directional transfer of digitally encoded data on an RF carrier by translating between a crowded or otherwise undesirable first frequency band, such as the 2.4 GHz ISM band, and a less-crowded or otherwise desirable second frequency band, such as the 5.0 GHz-6.0 GHz U-NII band. In a preferred embodiment, the transverter (10) connects between an existing data radio (11) and its existing antenna (30), and comprises a bandswitch (12); an input RF isolating device (14); a transmuter (16); a converter (18); a dual output local oscillator (20); an output RF isolating device (22); and an antenna (24) tuned to the second frequency band. The bandswitch (12) allows for bypassing the transverter (10), thereby facilitating its use with legacy systems. The transmuter (14) and converter (16) are adapted to convert to and from, respectively, the second frequency band.

Stepp, Jeffrey David (Grandview, MO); Hensley, Dale (Grandview, MO)

2006-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

124

Estudio terico de los efectos de istopo en puentes de hidrgeno y su aplicacin a agregados de agua mediante metodologa no Born-Oppenheimer / Theoretical study of the isotope effects on hydrogen bonds and its application to water aggregates using a non Born-Oppenheimer methodology.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Gonzlez Mnico, Sergio Arquimedes (2010) Estudio terico de los efectos de istopo en puentes de hidrgeno y su aplicacin a agregados de agua mediante metodologa (more)

Gonzlez Mnico, Sergio Arquimedes

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

System-level, Unified In-band and Out-of-band Dynamic Thermal Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the decrease in computation capacity. Less studied are out-of-band techniques (e.g. CPU cooling fans [10]) that operate completely outside the critical performance path of an application. Out-of-band techniques cool system slowdowns or shutdowns. Techniques such as dynamically scaling down the voltage of the CPUs

126

Energy Band Model Based on Effective Mass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, we demonstrate an alternative method of deriving an isotropic energy band model using a one-dimensional definition of the effective mass and experimentally observed dependence of mass on energy. We extend the effective mass definition to anti-particles and particles with zero rest mass. We assume an often observed linear dependence of mass on energy and derive a generalized non-parabolic energy-momentum relation. The resulting non-parabolicity leads to velocity saturation at high particle energies. We apply the energy band model to free relativistic particles and carriers in solid state materials and obtain commonly used dispersion relations and experimentally confirmed effective masses. We apply the model to zero rest mass particles in graphene and propose using the effective mass for photons. Therefore, it appears that the new energy band model based on the effective mass can be applied to relativistic particles and carriers in solid state materials.

Viktor Ariel

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

127

Band filling effects on temperature performance of intermediate band quantum wire solar cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Detailed studies of solar cell efficiency as a function of temperature were performed for quantum wire intermediate band solar cells grown on the (311)A plane. A remotely doped one-dimensional intermediate band made of self-assembled In{sub 0.4}Ga{sub 0.6}As quantum wires was compared to an undoped intermediate band and a reference p-i-n GaAs sample. These studies indicate that the efficiencies of these solar cells depend on the population of the one-dimensional band by equilibrium free carriers. A change in this population by free electrons under various temperatures affects absorption and carrier transport of non-equilibrium carriers generated by incident light. This results in different efficiencies for both the doped and undoped intermediate band solar cells in comparison with the reference GaAs p-i-n solar cell device.

Kunets, Vas. P., E-mail: vkunets@uark.edu; Furrow, C. S.; Ware, M. E.; Souza, L. D. de; Benamara, M.; Salamo, G. J. [Institute for Nanoscience and Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701 (United States); Mortazavi, M. [Department of Chemistry and Physics, University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, Pine Bluff, Arkansas 71601 (United States)

2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

128

Comparative Cost Estimates Caliente Rail Corridor Summary Report  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartmentNationalRestart of the Review of theOFFICEACME | NationalTbilisi08 to17 2.7 i R iii

129

Caliente Hot Springs Motel Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Display map Temperature 46.0 C 115.0 F Flow 40 gpm 152 Lmin Capacity 0.40x106 Btuhr 0.100 MWt Annual Generation 2.40x109 Btuyr 0.70 GWhyr Delat T 20.00 F Load...

130

UNIDENTIFIED INFRARED EMISSION BANDS: PAHs or MAONs?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We suggest that the carrier of the unidentified infrared emission (UIE) bands is an amorphous carbonaceous solid with mixed aromatic/aliphatic structures, rather than free-flying polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon molecules. Through spectral fittings of the astronomical spectra of the UIE bands, we show that a significant amount of the energy is emitted by the aliphatic component, implying that aliphatic groups are an essential part of the chemical structure. Arguments in favor of an amorphous, solid-state structure rather than a gas-phase molecule as a carrier of the UIE are also presented.

Sun Kwok; Yong Zhang, E-mail: sunkwok@hku.hk [Department of Physics, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong (Hong Kong)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Shear banding in soft glassy materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many soft materials, including foams, dense emulsions, micro gel bead suspensions, star polymers, dense packing of surfactant onion micelles, and textured morphologies of liquid crystals, share the basic "glassy" features of structural disorder and metastability. These in turn give rise to several notable features in the low frequency shear rheology (deformation and flow properties) of these materials: in particular, the existence of a yield stress below which the material behaves like a solid, and above which it flows like a liquid. In the last decade, intense experimental activity has also revealed that these materials often display a phenomenon known as shear banding, in which the flow profile across the shear cell exhibits macroscopic bands of different viscosity. Two distinct classes of yield stress fluid have been identified: those in which the shear bands apparently persist permanently (for as long as the flow remains applied), and those in which banding arises only transiently during a process in which a steady flowing state is established out of an initial rest state (for example, in a shear startup or step stress experiment). After surveying the motivating experimental data, we describe recent progress in addressing it theoretically, using the soft glassy rheology model and a simple fluidity model. We also briefly place these theoretical approaches in the context of others in the literature, including elasto-plastic models, shear transformation zone theories, and molecular dynamics simulations. We discuss finally some challenges that remain open to theory and experiment alike.

Suzanne M. Fielding

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

132

X-Band Photoinjector Beam Dynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SLAC is studying the feasibility of using an X-band RF photocathode gun to produce low emittance bunches for applications such as a mono-energetic MeV {gamma} ray source (in collaboration with LLNL) and a photoinjector for a compact FEL. Beam dynamics studies are being done for a configuration consisting of a 5.5-cell X-band gun followed by several 53-cell high-gradient X-band accelerator structures. A fully 3D program, ImpactT, is used to track particles taking into account space charge forces, short-range longitudinal and transverse wakefields, and the 3D rf fields in the structures, including the quadrupole component of the couplers. The effect of misalignments of the various elements, including the drive-laser, gun, solenoid and accelerator structures, are evaluated. This paper presents these results and estimates of the expected bunch emittance vs cathode gradient, and the effects of mixing between the fundamental and off-frequency longitudinal modes. An X-band gun at SLAC has been shown to operate reliably with a 200 MV/m acceleration gradient at the cathode, which is nearly twice the 115 MV/m acceleration gradient in the LCLS gun. The higher gradient should roughly balance the space charge related transverse emittance growth for the same bunch charge but provide a 3-4 times shorter bunch length. The shorter length would make the subsequent bunch compression easier and allow for a more effective use of emittance exchange. Such a gun can also be used with an X-band linac to produce a compact FEL or g ray source that would require rf sources of only one frequency for beam generation and acceleration. The feasibility of using an X-band rf photocathode gun and accelerator structures to generate high quality electron beams for compact FELs and g ray sources is being studied at SLAC. Results from the X-band photoinjector beam dynamics studies are reported in this paper.

Zhou, Feng; /SLAC; Adolphsen, Chris; /SLAC; Ding, Yuantao; /SLAC; Li, Zenghai; /SLAC; Vlieks, Arnold; /SLAC

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

133

Quantum-Dot Intermediate-Band Solar Cells with Inverted Band Alignment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The intermediate-band concept was proposed over a decade ago as a possible route to increase the efficiency of single-junction solar cells. Despite a number of experimental attempts to realize this concept, no efficiency improvement over conventional single-junction solar cells has so far been demonstrated. This is likely due to the fact that the intermediate band itself acts to enhance electron-hole recombination. In this work we propose a novel intermediate-band solar-cell architecture based on doped semiconductor nanostructures having an inverted type-I band alignment with the surrounding host. The recombination of carriers in the nanostructures is prevented by ultra-fast charge transfer to the host, thereby removing the main obstacle to achieve high conversion efficiency.

Francheschetti, A.; Lany, S.; Bester, G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

X-Band RF Gun Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In support of the MEGa-ray program at LLNL and the High Gradient research program at SLAC, a new X-band multi-cell RF gun is being developed. This gun, similar to earlier guns developed at SLAC for Compton X-ray source program, will be a standing wave structure made of 5.5 cells operating in the pi mode with copper cathode. This gun was designed following criteria used to build SLAC X-band high gradient accelerating structures. It is anticipated that this gun will operate with surface electric fields on the cathode of 200 MeV/m with low breakdown rate. RF will be coupled into the structure through a final cell with symmetric duel feeds and with a shape optimized to minimize quadrupole field components. In addition, geometry changes to the original gun, operated with Compton X-ray source, will include a wider RF mode separation, reduced surface electric and magnetic fields.

Vlieks, Arnold; Dolgashev, Valery; Tantawi, Sami; /SLAC; Anderson, Scott; Hartemann, Fred; Marsh, Roark; /LLNL, Livermore

2012-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

135

Fabrication of photonic band gap materials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for forming a periodic dielectric structure exhibiting photonic band gap effects includes forming a slurry of a nano-crystalline ceramic dielectric or semiconductor material and monodisperse polymer microspheres, depositing a film of the slurry on a substrate, drying the film, and calcining the film to remove the polymer microspheres therefrom. The film may be cold-pressed after drying and prior to calcining. The ceramic dielectric or semiconductor material may be titania, and the polymer microspheres may be polystyrene microspheres.

Constant, Kristen (Ames, IA); Subramania, Ganapathi S. (Ames, IA); Biswas, Rana (Ames, IA); Ho, Kai-Ming (Ames, IA)

2002-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

136

Permanent magnet focused X-band photoinjector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compact high energy photoelectron injector integrates the photocathode directly into a multicell linear accelerator with no drift space between the injection and the linac. High electron beam brightness is achieved by accelerating a tightly focused electron beam in an integrated, multi-cell, X-band rf linear accelerator (linac). The photoelectron linac employs a Plane-Wave-Transformer (PWT) design which provides strong cell-to-cell coupling, easing manufacturing tolerances and costs.

Yu, David U. L. (Rancho Palos Verdes, CA); Rosenzweig, James (Los Angeles, CA)

2002-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

137

The Negative Parity Bands in $^{156}$Gd  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The high flux reactor of the Institut Laue-Langevin is the world most intense neutron source for research. Using the ultra high-resolution crystal spectrometers GAMS installed at the in-pile target position H6/H7 it is possible to measure nuclear state lifetimes using the Gamma Ray Induced Recoil (GRID) technique. In bent crystal mode, the spectrometers allow to perform spectroscopy with a dynamic range of up to six orders magnitude. At a very well collimated external neutron beam it is possible to install a highly efficient germanium detector array to obtain coincidences and angular correlations. The mentioned techniques were used to study the first two negative parity bands in $^{156}$Gd. These bands have been in the focus of interest since they seem to show signatures of a tetrahedral symmetry. A surprisingly high B(E2) value of about 1000 W.u. for the $4^- \\rightarrow 2^-$ transition was discovered. It indicates that the two first negative parity bands cannot be considered to be signature partners.

Michael Jentschel; Loic Sengele; Dominique Curien; Jerzy Dudek; Florent Haas

2014-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

138

Broad Band Photon Harvesting Biomolecules for Photovoltaics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the key principles of artificial photosynthesis for photovoltaic energy conversion. We demonstrate these principles by examining the operation of the so-called "dye sensitized solar cell" (DSSC) - a photoelectrochemical device which simulates the charge separation process across a nano-structured membrane that is characteristic of natural systems. These type of devices have great potential to challenge silicon semiconductor technology in the low cost, medium efficiency segment of the PV market. Ruthenium charge transfer complexes are currently used as the photon harvesting components in DSSCs. They produce a relatively broad band UV and visible response, but have long term stability problems and are expensive to manufacture. We suggest that a class of biological macromolecules called the melanins may be suitable replacements for the ruthenium complexes. They have strong, broad band absorption, are chemically and photochemically very stable, can be cheaply and easily synthesized, and are also bio-available and bio-compatible. We demonstrate a melanin-based regenerative solar cell, and discuss the key properties that are necessary for an effective broad band photon harvesting system.

P. Meredith; B. J. Powell; J. Riesz; R. Vogel; D. Blake; I. Kartini; G. Will; S. Subianto

2004-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

139

Health and Hygiene in Evacuation Centers (Spanish)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

caliente para lavarse las manos. Esto es muy importante para aquellos que est?n en contacto con los alimentos. Fr?tese durante 15 segundos como m?nimo y no olvide limpiarse las u?as y mu?ecas. Solo si no hay agua ni jab?n, podr?n utilizarse limpiadores...

Norman, Lisa

2007-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

140

Ogmios 19  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Antonio Aguas Calientes Thursday, August 8: Afternoon Strategies and Resources Joel Sherzer, "AILLA (ailla.org): Archive of the Indigenous Languages of Latin America" (keynote address) Monica Ward, "The Pedagogical and Linguistic Issues Involved... Effective Language Renewal Practices - 2 1-23 February, 2002.. . . . . . . . . . I 5 Language Endangerment Day at Dept Linguistics, Manchester University, England ...................... .................... 1 5 7. Overheard on the Web...

Ostler, Nicholas D M

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agua caliente band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene Print Wednesday, 26 March 2008 00:00 Prospective challengers to...

142

Potential ways of thinking about the shear-banding phenomenon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shear-banding is a curious but ubiquitous phenomenon occurring in soft matter. The phenomenological similarities between the shear-banding transition and phase transitions has pushed some researchers to adopt a thermodynamical ...

Fardin, M. A.

143

Quebec Recovery of White-Fronted Goose Banded in Greenland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

O. H. Hewitt Journal: Bird Banding Volume: 19 Issue: 3 (July) Section: General Notes Year: 1948 Pages: 124

144

Arctic Tern Banded in Greenland, Recovered in Ontario  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

T. M. Shortt Journal: Bird Banding Volume: 20 Issue: 1 (January) Section: General Notes Year: 1949 Pages: 50

145

Excitation of Banded Whistler Waves in the Magnetosphere  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Banded whistler waves can be generated by the whistler anisotropy instability driven by two bi-Maxwellian electron components with T{sub {perpendicular}}/T{sub {parallel}} > 1 at different T{sub {parallel}} For typical magnetospheric condition of 1 < {omega}{sub e}/{Omega}{sub e} < 5 in regions associated with strong chorus, upper-band waves can be excited by anisotropic electrons below {approx} 1 keV, while lower-band waves are excited by anisotropic electrons above {approx} 10 keV. Lower-band waves are generally field-aligned and substantially electromagnetic, while upper-band waves propagate obliquely and have quasi-electrostatic fluctuating electric fields. The quasi-electrostatic feature of upper-band waves suggests that they may be more easily identified in electric field observations than in magnetic field observations. Upper-band waves are liable to Landau damping and the saturation level of upperband waves is lower than lower-band waves, consistent with observations that lower-band waves are stronger than upper-band waves on average. The oblique propagation, the lower saturation level, and the more severe Landau damping together would make upper-band waves more tightly confined to the geomagnetic equator (|{lambda}{sub m}| < {approx}10{sup o}) than lower-band waves.

Gary, S. Peter [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Liu, Kaijun [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Winske, Dan [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

146

Anisotropy of strong pinning in multi-band superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pinning in multi-band superconductors 2 1. Introduction The multi-band nature of superconductivity in iron the anisotropy of superconducting parameters in the iron-based superconductors. In particular, Kidzun et al. [23Anisotropy of strong pinning in multi-band superconductors C.J. van der Beek, M. Konczykowski

Boyer, Edmond

147

W-Band Sheet Beam Klystron Design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sheet beam devices provide important advantages for very high power, narrow bandwidth RF sources like accelerator klystrons [1]. Reduced current density and increased surface area result in increased power capabi1ity, reduced magnetic fields for focusing and reduced cathode loading. These advantages are offset by increased complexity, beam formation and transport issues and potential for mode competition in the ovennoded cavities and drift tube. This paper will describe the design issues encountered in developing a 100 kW peak and 2 kW average power sheet beam k1ystron at W-band including beam formation, beam transport, circuit design, circuit fabrication and mode competition.

Scheitrum, G.; Caryotakis, G.; Burke, A.; Jensen, A.; Jongewaard, E.a Krasnykh, A.; Neubauer, M.; Phillips, R.; Rauenbuehler, K.; /SLAC

2011-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

148

An X-band overmoded relativistic klystron  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An X-band overmoded relativistic klystron is proposed, the operation mode of which is the TM{sub 02} mode. The drift tube could not cut off the TM{sub 01} mode; isolating the buncher cavity from the input cavity is achieved by introducing a sectional RF lossy material. Microwaves are extracted from the modulated electron beam using a cylindrical waveguide, rather than a coaxial waveguide; thereby, the output structure is significantly simplified. Particle-in-cell simulations show that microwaves with power of 1.28?GW and frequency of 9.30?GHz can be obtained, corresponding to an efficiency of 32% and relative bandwidth of about 8%.

Xiao, Renzhen; Chen, Changhua; Li, Jiawei; Bai, Xianchen [Science and Technology on High Power Microwave Laboratory, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China); Deng, Yuqun [Science and Technology on High Power Microwave Laboratory, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China); Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

149

Rotational bands with identical transition energies in actinide nuclei  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We point out the existence of ground-state rotational bands with identical transition energies (up to spin 8{h bar}) in {sup 240}Pu, {sup 244}Cm, {sup 246}Cm, and {sup 250}Cf. The corresponding transitions in the ground-state bands of {sup 236}U and {sup 238}U have identical energies (within {similar to}2 keV) up to spin 24{h bar}. These features are very similar to those recently observed for superdeformed bands in the mass-150 and mass-190 regions and suggest that the phenomenon of identical bands is not restricted to superdeformed bands.

Ahmad, I.; Carpenter, M.P.; Chasman, R.R.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Khoo, T.L. (Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois (USA))

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Hybrid Band effects program (Lockheed Martin shared vision CRADA)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hybrid Band{trademark} (H-band) is a Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control (LMMFC) designation for a specific RF modulation that causes disruption of select electronic components and circuits. H-Band enables conventional high-power microwave (HPM) effects (with a center frequency of 1 to 2 GHz, for example) using a higher frequency carrier signal. The primary technical objective of this project was to understand the fundamental physics of Hybrid Band{trademark} Radio Frequency effects on electronic systems. The follow-on objective was to develop and validate a Hybrid Band{trademark} effects analysis process.

Bacon, L. D.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Puzzling Phenomenon of Diffuse Interstellar Bands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The discovery of the first diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) dates back to the pioneering years of stellar spectroscopy. Today, we know about 300 absorption structures of this kind. There exists a great variety of the profiles and intensities of DIBs, so they can not be readily described, classified or characterized. To the present day no reliable identification of the DIBs' carriers has been found. Many carriers of DIBs have been proposed over the years. They ranged from dust grains to free molecules of different kinds, and to more exotic specimens, like hydrogen negative ion. Unfortunately, none of them is responsible for observed DIBs. Furthermore, it was shown that a single carrier cannot be responsible for all known DIBs. It is hard to estimate how many carriers can participate in producing these bands. The problem is further complicated by the fact that to this day it is still impossible to find any laboratory spectrum of any substance which would match the astrophysical spectra. Here, a historical outline concerning DIBs is followed by a brief description of their whole population. Then, a special attention is focused on the procedures trying to extract spectroscopic families within the set of all known DIBs.

B. Wszolek

2007-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

152

Wide band stepped frequency ground penetrating radar  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wide band ground penetrating radar system (10) embodying a method wherein a series of radio frequency signals (60) is produced by a single radio frequency source (16) and provided to a transmit antenna (26) for transmission to a target (54) and reflection therefrom to a receive antenna (28). A phase modulator (18) modulates those portion of the radio frequency signals (62) to be transmitted and the reflected modulated signal (62) is combined in a mixer (34) with the original radio frequency signal (60) to produce a resultant signal (53) which is demodulated to produce a series of direct current voltage signals (66) the envelope of which forms a cosine wave shaped plot (68) which is processed by a Fast Fourier Transform unit 44 into frequency domain data (70) wherein the position of a preponderant frequency is indicative of distance to the target (54) and magnitude is indicative of the signature of the target (54).

Bashforth, Michael B. (Buellton, CA); Gardner, Duane (Santa Maria, CA); Patrick, Douglas (Santa Maria, CA); Lewallen, Tricia A. (Ventura, CA); Nammath, Sharyn R. (Santa Barbara, CA); Painter, Kelly D. (Goleta, CA); Vadnais, Kenneth G. (Alexandria, VA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Eastern Band of Cherokee Strategic Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians was awarded a grant under the U.S. Department of Energy Tribal Energy Program (TEP) to develop a Tribal Strategic Energy Plan (SEP). The grant, awarded under the First Steps phase of the TEP, supported the development of a SEP that integrates with the Tribes plans for economic development, preservation of natural resources and the environment, and perpetuation of Tribal heritage and culture. The Tribe formed an Energy Committee consisting of members from various departments within the Tribal government. This committee, together with its consultant, the South Carolina Institute for Energy Studies, performed the following activities: Develop the Tribes energy goals and objectives Establish the Tribes current energy usage Identify available renewable energy and energy efficiency options Assess the available options versus the goals and objectives Create an action plan for the selected options

Souther Carolina Institute of energy Studies-Robert Leitner

2009-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

154

Method for Creating Photonic Band Gap Materials - Energy Innovation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a photonic band gap. These microstructures have the potential to change the way optoelectronic devices, such as photodiodes, LEDs, and integrated optical circuit elements, are...

155

acoustic band gaps: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

type of phononic crystals manufactured Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.10631.2167794 The propagation of acoustic waves in periodic composite Deymier, Pierre 2 Acoustic band gap...

156

Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene Print Prospective challengers to silicon, the long-reigning king of semiconductors for computer chips and other electronic...

157

Properties of the rotational bands in {sup 161}Er  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-spin states in {sup 161}Er have been studied experimentally using the {sup 150}Nd({sup 16}O,5n) reaction at a beam energy of 86 MeV. The 5/2{sup +}[642], 3/2{sup -}[521], and 11/2{sup -}[505] bands are extended up to high-spin states, and particularly the {alpha}=-1/2 branch of the ground state 3/2{sup -}[521] band is revised significantly. The relatively enhanced E1 transitions from the 3/2{sup -}[521] band to the 5/2{sup +}[642] band are observed. The band properties are analyzed within the framework of a triaxial particle-rotor model, and near-prolate shape and triaxial deformation are proposed to the 3/2{sup -}[521] and 5/2{sup +}[642] bands, respectively. Signature inversion occurs in the 3/2{sup -}[521] band after the band crossing in {sup 161}Er, and the systematics of the signature inversion associated with the 3/2{sup -}[521] configuration are discussed. By analyzing the properties of the relatively enhanced E1 transitions, it is found that the R(E1/E2) values show angular momentum dependence before the band crossing, and these enhanced E1 transitions could be attributed to octupole softness.

Chen, L.; Zhou, X. H.; Wang, S. T.; Zhang, N. T.; Zhou, H. B.; Li, G. S.; Wang, H. X.; Ding, B. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Zhang, Y. H.; Zheng, Y.; Liu, M. L.; Ma, F.; Fang, Y. D.; Hua, W.; Guo, S.; Qiang, Y. H.; Lei, X. G.; Guo, Y. X. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Zhu, L. H.; Wu, X. G. [China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing 102413 (China)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

158

Engineering the Electronic Band Structure for Multiband Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using the unique features of the electronic band structure of GaNxAs1-x alloys, we have designed, fabricated and tested a multiband photovoltaic device. The device demonstrates an optical activity of three energy bands that absorb, and convert into electrical current, the crucial part of the solar spectrum. The performance of the device and measurements of electroluminescence, quantum efficiency and photomodulated reflectivity are analyzed in terms of the Band Anticrossing model of the electronic structure of highly mismatched alloys. The results demonstrate the feasibility of using highly mismatched alloys to engineer the semiconductor energy band structure for specific device applications.

Lopez, N.; Reichertz, L.A.; Yu, K.M.; Campman, K.; Walukiewicz, W.

2010-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

159

Diffuse interstellar bands in M33  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the first sample of diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) in the nearby galaxy M33. Studying DIBs in other galaxies allows the behaviour of the carriers to be examined under interstellar conditions which can be quite different from those of the Milky Way, and to determine which DIB properties can be used as reliable probes of extragalactic interstellar media. Multi-object spectroscopy of 43 stars in M33 has been performed using Keck/DEIMOS. The stellar spectral types were determined and combined with literature photometry to determine the M33 reddenings E(B-V)_M33. Equivalent widths or upper limits have been measured for the {\\lambda}5780 DIB towards each star. DIBs were detected towards 20 stars, demonstrating that their carriers are abundant in M33. The relationship with reddening is found to be at the upper end of the range observed in the Milky Way. The line of sight towards one star has an unusually strong ratio of DIB equivalent width to E(B-V)_M33, and a total of seven DIBs were detected towards...

Smith, Keith T; Evans, Christopher J; Cox, Nick L J; Sarre, Peter J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

A multi-band phase-locked loop frequency synthesizer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A phase-locked loop (PLL) frequency synthesizer suitable for multi-band transceivers is proposed. The multi-band PLL frequency synthesizer uses a switched tuning voltage- controlled oscillator (VCO) that covers a frequency range of 111 to 297MHz...

Palermo, Samuel Michael

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agua caliente band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Intermediate Band Properties of Femtosecond-Laser Hyperdoped Silicon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The high concentration of dopants forms an intermediate band (IB), instead of discrete energy levels exhibits broad-band light absorption to wavelengths deep below the corresponding bandgap energy of silicon) using secondary ion mass spectrometry. By varying the pressure of SF6, we find that the surface adsorbed

Mazur, Eric

162

BAND STRUCTURE AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF MAGNESIUM FLUORIDE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

595 BAND STRUCTURE AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF MAGNESIUM FLUORIDE C. JOUANIN, J. P. ALBERT and C'autres transitions expéri- mentales. Abstract. 2014 The electronic band structure of magnesium fluoride is calculated, only some qualitative investigations exist for the calcium and magnesium fluorides [1, 2]. This lack

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

163

absorption band substructure: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

absorption band substructure First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 THE ABSORPTION BAND EDGE...

164

THE INVERSE OF A SEMI-INFINITE SYMMETRIC BANDED MATRIX  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

algorithm 3]. The eigen- values and eigen-vectors for the nite symmetric tridiagonal case were obtainedTHE INVERSE OF A SEMI-INFINITE SYMMETRIC BANDED MATRIX D. A. LAVISy , B. W. SOUTHERNz and I. F a method for obtaining an analytic form for a class of sym- metric semi-in nite banded matrices, which are

Lavis, David

165

Highly deformed high-spin band in {sup 125}I  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-spin states in {sup 125}I have been investigated using the reaction {sup 82}Se({sup 48}Ca, p4n) at a beam energy of 200 MeV and {gamma}-ray coincidence events were detected using the Gammasphere spectrometer. A deformed rotational band, extending up to I{sup {pi}=}95/2{sup -}, was observed for the first time in a heavier odd-A iodine nucleus. The characteristics of the band are very similar to those of the highly deformed bands observed recently in neighboring nuclei and it is essentially identical to one of the previously known bands in {sup 126}Xe. The experimental results are compared to cranked Nilsson-Strutinsky calculations and possible configurations for the band are discussed.

Singh, Purnima; Nag, Somnath; Singh, A. K.; Ragnarsson, I.; Huebel, H.; Al-Khatib, A.; Bringel, P.; Engelhardt, C.; Neusser-Neffgen, A.; Hagemann, G. B.; Hansen, C. R.; Herskind, B.; Sletten, G.; Bracco, A.; Benzoni, G.; Camera, F.; Fallon, P.; Clark, R. M.; Carpenter, M. P.; Janssens, R. V. F. [Department of Physics and Meteorology, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, IN-721302 (India); Department of Mathematical Physics, Lund Institute of Technology, Box 118, S-221 Lund (Sweden); Helmholtz-Institut fuer Strahlen- und Kernphysik, Universitaet Bonn, Nussallee 14-16, D-53115 Bonn (Germany); Niels Bohr Institute, Blegdamsvej 17, DK-2100 Copenhagen O (Denmark); Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Milano and INFN, Sezione di Milano, I-20133 Milano (Italy); Nuclear Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, Massachusetts 01854 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

166

Highly Mismatched Alloys for Intermediate Band Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has long been recognized that the introduction of a narrow band of states in a semiconductor band gap could be used to achieve improved power conversion efficiency in semiconductor-based solar cells. The intermediate band would serve as a ''stepping stone'' for photons of different energy to excite electrons from the valence to the conduction band. An important advantage of this design is that it requires formation of only a single p-n junction, which is a crucial simplification in comparison to multijunction solar cells. A detailed balance analysis predicts a limiting efficiency of more than 50% for an optimized, single intermediate band solar cell. This is higher than the efficiency of an optimized two junction solar cell. Using ion beam implantation and pulsed laser melting we have synthesized Zn{sub 1-y}Mn{sub y}O{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} alloys with x<0.03. These highly mismatched alloys have a unique electronic structure with a narrow oxygen-derived intermediate band. The width and the location of the band is described by the Band Anticrossing model and can be varied by controlling the oxygen content. This provides a unique opportunity to optimize the absorption of solar photons for best solar cell performance. We have carried out systematic studies of the effects of the intermediate band on the optical and electrical properties of Zn{sub 1-y}Mn{sub y}O{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} alloys. We observe an extension of the photovoltaic response towards lower photon energies, which is a clear indication of optical transitions from the valence to the intermediate band.

Walukiewicz, W.; Yu, K.M.; Wu, J.; Ager III, J.W.; Shan, W.; Scrapulla, M.A.; Dubon, O.D.; Becla, P.

2005-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

167

First principles investigation of scaling trends of zirconium silicate interface band offsets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

First principles investigation of scaling trends of zirconium silicate interface band offsets out to investigate the scaling trends of band offsets at model silicon/zirconium silicate interfaces. Owing to the d character of zirconium silicate conduction bands, the band gap and band offset are shown

Dutton, Robert W.

168

X-Band Photonic Band-Gap Accelerator Structure Breakdown Experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to understand the performance of photonic band-gap (PBG) structures under realistic high gradient, high power, high repetition rate operation, a PBG accelerator structure was designed and tested at X band (11.424 GHz). The structure consisted of a single test cell with matching cells before and after the structure. The design followed principles previously established in testing a series of conventional pillbox structures. The PBG structure was tested at an accelerating gradient of 65 MV/m yielding a breakdown rate of two breakdowns per hour at 60 Hz. An accelerating gradient above 110 MV/m was demonstrated at a higher breakdown rate. Significant pulsed heating occurred on the surface of the inner rods of the PBG structure, with a temperature rise of 85 K estimated when operating in 100 ns pulses at a gradient of 100 MV/m and a surface magnetic field of 890 kA/m. A temperature rise of up to 250 K was estimated for some shots. The iris surfaces, the location of peak electric field, surprisingly had no damage, but the inner rods, the location of the peak magnetic fields and a large temperature rise, had significant damage. Breakdown in accelerator structures is generally understood in terms of electric field effects. These PBG structure results highlight the unexpected role of magnetic fields in breakdown. The hypothesis is presented that the moderate level electric field on the inner rods, about 14 MV/m, is enhanced at small tips and projections caused by pulsed heating, leading to breakdown. Future PBG structures should be built to minimize pulsed surface heating and temperature rise.

Marsh, Roark A.; /MIT /MIT /NIFS, Gifu /JAERI, Kyoto /LLNL, Livermore; Shapiro, Michael A.; Temkin, Richard J.; /MIT; Dolgashev, Valery A.; Laurent, Lisa L.; Lewandowski, James R.; Yeremian, A.Dian; Tantawi, Sami G.; /SLAC

2012-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

169

Specific-heat discontinuity in impure two-band superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Ginzburg-Landau coefficients and the jump of the specific heat are calculated for a disordered two-band superconductor. We start with the analysis of a more general case with arbitrary anisotropy. While the specific-heat discontinuity...

Mishonov, TM; Penev, ES; Indekeu, JO; Pokrovsky, Valery L.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Direct observation of a dispersionless impurity band in hydrogenated graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show with angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy that a new energy band appears in the electronic structure of electron-doped hydrogenated monolayer graphene (H-graphene). Its occupation can be controlled with the ...

Haberer, D.

171

Global estimation of precipitation using opaque microwave bands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes the use of opaque microwave bands for global estimation of precipitation rate. An algorithm was developed for estimating instantaneous precipitation rate for the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU) ...

Chen, Frederick Wey-Min, 1975-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Phenomenological band structure model of magnetic coupling in semiconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phenomenological band structure model of magnetic coupling in semiconductors Gustavo M. Dalpian a,1­18]. Several models have been proposed to explain the phenomena, including the phenomenological Zener

Gong, Xingao

173

angstrom extinction band: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Galactic extinction curve, which implies that the properties of dust in the extragalactic enviroment are similar to those of the Milky Way. The ratio of the total V band extinction...

174

An X-Band Gun Test Area at SLAC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The X-Band Test Area (XTA) is being assembled in the NLCTA tunnel at SLAC to serve as a test facility for new RF guns. The first gun to be tested will be an upgraded version of the 5.6 cell, 200 MV/m peak field X-band gun designed at SLAC in 2003 for the Compton Scattering experiment run in ASTA. This new version includes some features implemented in 2006 on the LCLS gun such as racetrack couplers, increased mode separation and elliptical irises. These upgrades were developed in collaboration with LLNL since the same gun will be used in an injector for a LLNL Gamma-ray Source. Our beamline includes an X-band acceleration section which takes the electron beam up to 100 MeV and an electron beam measurement station. Other X-Band guns such as the UCLA Hybrid gun will be characterized at our facility.

Limborg-Deprey, C.; Adolphsen, C.; Chu, T.S.; Dunning, M.P.; Jobe, R.K.; Jongewaard, E.N.; Hast, C.; Vlieks, A.E.; Wang, F.; Walz, D.R.; /SLAC; Marsh, R.A.; Anderson, S.G.; Hartemann, F.V.; Houck, T.L.; /LLNL, Livermore

2012-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

175

Substrate-induced band gap opening in epitaxial graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

H.A. Electronic states of graphene nanoribbons studied withS.G. Louie. Energy gaps in graphene nanoribbons. Phys. Rev.band-gap engineering of graphene nanoribbons. Phys. Rev.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Comparative cytotaxonomy in the tribe Bovini studied by banding techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Committee: Dr. James E. Womack Chromosomes of eight species of the tribe Bovini were studied by G ? banding, C ? banding and silver staining techniques. The results of this comparative cytogenetic study support the theory that Robertsonian fusion... in the tribe Bovini whose species appear to differ by a series of centromeric fusions. The phylogenetic tree derived from the cytogenetic data of this study is not consistent with morphological and behavioral trees previously described for the tribe Bovini...

Rich, Donna Carol

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

177

Shear band dynamics from a mesoscopic modeling of plasticity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ubiquitous appearance of regions of localized deformation (shear bands) in different kinds of disordered materials under shear is studied in the context of a mesoscopic model of plasticity. The model may or may not include relaxational (aging) effects. In the absence of relaxational effects the model displays a monotonously increasing dependence of stress on strain-rate, and stationary shear bands do not occur. However, in start up experiments transient (although long lived) shear bands occur, that widen without bound in time. I investigate this transient effect in detail, reproducing and explaining a t^1/2 law for the thickness increase of the shear band that has been obtained in atomistic numerical simulations. Relaxation produces a negative sloped region in the stress vs. strain-rate curve that stabilizes the formation of shear bands of a well defined width, which is a function of strain-rate. Simulations at very low strain-rates reveal a non-trivial stick-slip dynamics of very thin shear bands that has relevance in the study of seismic phenomena. In addition, other non-stationary processes, such as stop-and-go, or strain-rate inversion situations display a phenomenology that matches very well the results of recent experimental studies.

E. A. Jagla

2010-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

178

Single-band and Dual-band Beam Switching Systems and Offset-fed Beam Scanning Reflectarray  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The reflectarray has been considered as a suitable candidate to replace the conventional parabolic reflectors because of its high-gain, low profile, and beam reconfiguration capability. Beam scanning capability and multi-band operation...

Lee, Jungkyu

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

179

E-Print Network 3.0 - abnormal protein bands Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

protein bands Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: abnormal protein bands Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 An Introduction to Protein...

180

Scent marking in wild banded mongooses: 2. Intrasexual overmarking and competition between males  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scent marking in wild banded mongooses: 2. Intrasexual overmarking and competition between males on wild banded mongooses, Mungos mungo, suggests that overmarking may primarily affect behavioural mating

Rüedi, Peter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agua caliente band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Robotic end gripper with a band member to engage object  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An end effector for use with robotic arms and like devices is described that utilizes a flexible band to draw an object against an anvil having a concave surface. One typical convex surface is created by a V-block, with an apex of the V being centrally located. If an object to be grasped is fragile, the contour of the concave surface closely matches the surface of the object. Typically the movement of the band is effected by a linear actuator, with the anvil remaining fixed relative to a support base. Several embodiments are described that utilize variations in drawing the band toward the anvil, with one of these embodiments described in detail in the form of a fabricated unit. One embodiment includes a cover element that can be moved over an object after the grasping thereof, with this cover potentially serving various functions. Movement of the cover can be effected with a second linear actuator. 8 figures.

Pollard, R.E.; Robinson, S.C.; Thompson, W.F.; Couture, S.A.; Sutton, B.J.

1994-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

182

Robotic end gripper with a band member to engage object  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An end effector for use with robotic arms and like devices that utilizes a flexible band to draw an object against an anvil having a concave surface. One typical convex surface is created by a V-block, with an apex of the V being centrally located. If an object to be grasped is fragile, the contour of the concave surface closely matches the surface of the object. Typically the movement of the band is effected by a linear actuator, with the anvil remaining fixed relative to a support base. Several embodiments are described that utilize variations in drawing the band toward the anvil, with one of these embodiments described in detail in the form of a fabricated unit. One embodiment includes a cover element that can be moved over an object after the grasping thereof, with this cover potentially serving various functions. Movement of the cover can be effected with a second linear actuator.

Pollard, Roy E. (Maryville, TN); Robinson, Samuel C. (Knoxville, TN); Thompson, William F. (Oak Ridge, TN); Couture, Scott A. (Knoxville, TN); Sutton, Bill J. (Powell, TN)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Numerical method for shear bands in ductile metal with inclusions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A numerical method for mesoscale simulation of high strain-rate loading of ductile metal containing inclusions is described. Because of small-scale inhomogeneities, such a composite material is prone to localized shear deformation (adiabatic shear bands). The modeling framework is the Generalized Method of Cells of Paley and Aboudi [Mech. Materials, vol. 14, pp. /27-139, 1992], which ensures that the micromechanical response of the material is reflected in the behavior of the composite at the mesoscale. To calculate the effective plastic strain rate when shear bands are present, the analytic and numerical analysis of shear bands by Glimm, Plohr, and Sharp [Mech. Materials, vol. 24, pp. 31-41, 1996] is adapted and extended.

Plohr, Jee Yeon N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Plohr, Bradley J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Ultra high vacuum broad band high power microwave window  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved high vacuum microwave window has been developed that utilizes high density polyethylene coated on two sides with SiOx, SiNx, or a combination of the two. The resultant low dielectric and low loss tangent window creates a low outgassing, low permeation seal through which broad band, high power microwave energy may be passed. No matching device is necessary and the sealing technique is simple. The features of the window are broad band transmission, ultra-high vacuum compatibility with a simple sealing technique, low voltage standing wave ratio, high power transmission and low cost.

Nguyen-Tuong, Viet (Seaford, VA); Dylla, III, Henry Frederick (Yorktown, VA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Ultra high vacuum broad band high power microwave window  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved high vacuum microwave window has been developed that utilizes high density polyethylene coated on two sides with SiOx, SiNx, or a combination of the two. The resultant low dielectric and low loss tangent window creates a low outgassing, low permeation seal through which broad band, high power microwave energy may be passed. No matching device is necessary and the sealing technique is simple. The features of the window are broad band transmission, ultra-high vacuum compatibility with a simple sealing technique, low voltage standing wave ratio, high power transmission and low cost. 5 figs.

Nguyen-Tuong, V.; Dylla, H.F. III

1997-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

186

Electronic band structure of magnetic bilayer graphene superlattices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electronic band structure of the bilayer graphene superlattices with ?-function magnetic barriers and zero average magnetic flux is studied within the four-band continuum model, using the transfer matrix method. The periodic magnetic potential effects on the zero-energy touching point between the lowest conduction and the highest valence minibands of pristine bilayer graphene are exactly analyzed. Magnetic potential is shown also to generate the finite-energy touching points between higher minibands at the edges of Brillouin zone. The positions of these points and the related dispersions are determined in the case of symmetric potentials.

Pham, C. Huy; Nguyen, T. Thuong [Theoretical and Computational Physics Department, Institute of Physics, VAST, 10 Dao Tan, Ba Dinh Distr., Hanoi 10000 (Viet Nam); SISSA/International School for Advanced Study, Via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste (Italy); Nguyen, V. Lien, E-mail: nvlien@iop.vast.ac.vn [Theoretical and Computational Physics Department, Institute of Physics, VAST, 10 Dao Tan, Ba Dinh Distr., Hanoi 10000 (Viet Nam); Institute for Bio-Medical Physics, 109A Pasteur, 1st Distr., Hochiminh City (Viet Nam)

2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

187

Energy distribution of nonequilibrium electrons and optical phonons in GaAs under band-to-band pumping by intense short pulses of light  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Deviation from the Fermi distribution of nonequilibrium electrons and distribution of 'hot' optical phonons in GaAs under band-to-band pumping by picosecond pulses of light are calculated.

Altybaev, G. S.; Kumekov, S. E., E-mail: skumekov@mail.ru; Mahmudov, A. A. [Satpaev Kazakh National Technical University (Kazakhstan)

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

188

Status Report and Proposal Concerning the Supply of Depleted Uranium Metal Bands for a Particle Detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Status Report and Proposal Concerning the Supply of Depleted Uranium Metal Bands for a Particle Detector

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

The high-resolution G-banded karyotype of Sus scrofa domestica L  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and 101 intermediate bands and subbands, according to their relative positions and staining intensities

Boyer, Edmond

190

Simultaneous confidence bands in curve prediction applied to load curves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simultaneous confidence bands in curve prediction applied to load curves J.M. Azais1, S. Bercu2, J, load curve. 1 Introduction In curve prediction, one is generally interested in deriving simultaneous this technique in the numerical context of load curve pre- diction: power producers like EDF, the electrical

Boyer, Edmond

191

Anisotropy of strong pinning in multi-band superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Anisotropy of strong pinning in multi-band superconductors C.J. van der Beek, M. Konczykowski of the critical current density in iron-based superconductors is evaluated using a phenomenological approach collective pinning limit, and the strong pinning limit relevant for iron-based superconductors at low

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

192

Band structure and optical properties of isolated and bundled nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Band structure and optical properties of isolated and bundled nanotubes S. Reich , C. Thomsen , P of isolated and bundled single-walled nanotubes by ab initio calculations. Curvature effects on the electronic states depend on the chirality of the nanotube; the strongest deviations from the zone

Nabben, Reinhard

193

Characterizing the Weather Band Variability of the Texas Coastal Current  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the weather band frequencies (2-15 days). Currents with longer persistence are found to be relatively slow, generally below 10 cm s^(-1). Fast currents (> 50 cm s^(-1)) tend to be short-lived, typically lasting less than 72 hours. Maximum upcoast transport...

Zimmerle, Heather

2014-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

194

Safety Analysis for Packaging Steel Banded Wooden Shipping Containers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This safety analysis report for packaging describes the steel banded wooden shipping containers, which are certified as Type AF packagings. The authorized payload for these containers is unirradiated, slightly enriched, uranium ingots, billets, extrusions, and scrap materials. The amount of uranium in the containers will not exceed the LSA-II material requirements as defined in 49 CFR 173.403.

FERRELL, P.C.

2000-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

195

Bird Banding Fall 2014 The Arboretum at Penn State  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Central Rail Trail in Big Hollow, approximately 0.5 mile NW of the H.O. Smith Botanic Gardens. Banding is forest edge of brush growth, primarily 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 9-Sep 11-Sep 13-Sep 15-Sep 17-Sep

Boyer, Elizabeth W.

196

Structure and evolution of a convective band MCS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

circulation of the Mesoscale Convective Complex apparently aided in the formation of new lines of convection behind the primary convective line of the system. This process was repeated twice in the storm life cycle and led to multiple bands of convection...

Valdes-Manzanilla, Arturo

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Radiation Characteristics of Tunable Graphennas in the Terahertz Band  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 16640 Kista, Sweden 5Department of Electrical Engineering in size have been predicted to radiate electromagnetic waves at the terahertz band. In this work frequencies, in the optical range. Due to the expectedly very limited power of nanosystems, the low mobility

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

198

ON THE SIMULATION OF KINK BANDS IN FIBER REINFORCED COMPOSITES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON THE SIMULATION OF KINK BANDS IN FIBER REINFORCED COMPOSITES Kim D. Sørensen , Lars P. Mikkelsen reinforced composites are carried out using the commercial finite element program ABAQUS. A smeared in fiber reinforced composites has been the subject of a number of recent investigations. It has been found

199

On complex perturbations of infinite band Schrodinger operators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a complex perturbation of a self-adjoint infinite band Schrodinger operator (defined in the form sense), and obtain the Lieb--Thirring type inequalities for the rate of convergence of the discrete spectrum of the perturbed operator to the joint essential spectrum of both operators.

L. Golinskii; S. Kupin

2015-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

200

Deep Intermediate-Band Surface Photometry of NGC 5907  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We obtained very deep exposures of NGC 5907 with a Schmidt telescope, large-format CCD, and intermediate-band filters centered at 6660A and 8020A. These two filters, part of a 15-filter set, are custom-designed to avoid the brightest (and most variable) night sky lines, with the result that our images go deeper, with lower sky noise, than those taken with broad-band filters. Our errors of observation reach 1 mag/arcsec^2 at 29.00 mag/arcsec-2 in the 6660A image (= 28.7 in R-band), and 27.4 mag/arcsec^ in the 8020A image (same zero point as I-band). Fainter than R = 27 mag arcsec^, the surface brightness around NGC 5907 is strongly asymmetric, being mostly brighter the NW side of the galaxy midplane. This asymmetry rules out a halo for the origin of the faint surface brightness we see. Rather, this asymmetry is likely an artifact due to a combination of light from a faint ring around this galaxy (as described in Shang et al. 1998, ApJL 504, 23) and residual surface brightness at faint levels from stars that ou...

Zheng, Z Y; Su, H J; Burstein, D; Chen, J S

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agua caliente band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Vorticity banding in rodlike virus suspensions Kyongok Kang,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vorticity banding in rodlike virus suspensions Kyongok Kang,1 M. P. Lettinga,1 Z. Dogic,2 and Jan K. G. Dhont1 1 Institute für Festkörper Forschung (IFF), Weiche Materie, Forschungszentrum Jülich, D

Fraden, Seth

202

absorption bands observed: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

absorption bands observed First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 AKARI observations of ice...

203

Fractal nature of multiple shear bands in severely deformed metallic glass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present an analysis of fractal geometry of extensive and complex shear band patterns in a severely deformed metallic glass. We show that the shear band patterns have fractal characteristics, and the fractal dimensions are determined by the stress noise induced by the interaction between shear bands. A theoretical model of the spatial evolution of multiple shear bands is proposed in which the collective shear bands slide is considered as a stochastic process far from thermodynamic equilibrium.

Sun, B. A.; Wang, W. H. [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

2011-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

204

Quasiparticle band structure and density-functional theory: Single-particle excitations and band gaps in lattice models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ARTICLES Quasiparticle band structure and density-functional theory: Single-particle excitations-particle eigenvalues. Without rigorous basis even for the exact density-functional theory , these are often taken, eigenvalues obtained from density-functional theory DFT , and those from a corresponding LDA. Notable among

Hess, Daryl W.

205

Gestin del agua en producciones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/06/2013 15/07/2013 14/08/2013 Mes/ao NivelFretico(cm) #12;Almac Capt/Distr Cons EUA PER MFCA SCS T T T PFA

Nacional de San Luis, Universidad

206

Observation of high-spin oblate band structures in {sup 141}Pm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The high-spin states of {sup 141}Pm have been investigated through the reaction {sup 126}Te({sup 19}F,4n) at a beam energy of 90 MeV. A previous level scheme has been updated with spins up to 49/2({h_bar}/2{pi}). Six collective bands at high spins are newly observed. Based on the systematic comparison, one band is proposed as a decoupled band; two bands with strong {Delta}I=1 M1 transitions inside the bands are suggested as the oblate bands with {gamma} {approx}-60 deg.; three other bands with large signature splitting have been proposed with the oblate-triaxial deformation with {gamma}{approx} -90 deg. The triaxial n-particle-n-hole particle rotor model calculations for one of the oblate bands in {sup 141}Pm are in good agreement with the experimental data. The other characteristics for these bands have been discussed.

Gu, L.; Zhu, S. J.; Wang, J. G.; Yeoh, E. Y.; Xiao, Z. G.; Zhang, M.; Liu, Y.; Ding, H. B.; Xu, Q. [Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Zhang, S. Q.; Meng, J. [Department of Technical Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Zhu, L. H.; Wu, X. G.; He, C. Y.; Li, G. S.; Wang, L. L.; Zheng, Y.; Zhang, B. [China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing 102413 (China)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

207

Majorana Flat Bands in s-Wave Gapless Topological Superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate how the non-trivial interplay between spin-orbit coupling and nodeless $s$-wave superconductivity can drive a fully gapped two-band topological insulator into a time-reversal invariant gapless topological superconductor supporting symmetry-protected Majorana flat bands. We characterize topological phase diagrams by a ${\\mathbb Z}_2 \\times{\\mathbb Z}_2$ partial Berry-phase invariant, and show that, despite the trivial crystal geometry, no unique bulk-boundary correspondence exists. We trace this behavior to the anisotropic quasiparticle bulk gap closing, linear vs. quadratic, and argue that this provides a unifying principle for gapless topological superconductivity. Experimental implications for tunneling conductance measurements are addressed, relevant for lead chalcogenide materials.

Shusa Deng; Gerardo Ortiz; Amrit Poudel; Lorenza Viola

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

208

Chiral CP^2 skyrmions in three-band superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that under certain conditions, three-component superconductors (and in particular three-band systems) allow stable topological defects different from vortices. We demonstrate the existence of these excitations, characterized by a $CP^2$ topological invariant, in models for three-component superconductors with broken time reversal symmetry. We term these topological defects "chiral $GL^{(3)}$ skyrmions", where "chiral" refers to the fact that due to broken time reversal symmetry, these defects come in inequivalent left- and right-handed versions. In certain cases these objects are energetically cheaper than vortices and should be induced by an applied magnetic field. In other situations these skyrmions are metastable states, which can be produced by a quench. Observation of these defects can signal broken time reversal symmetry in three-band superconductors or in Josephson-coupled bilayers of $s_\\pm$ and s-wave superconductors.

Julien Garaud; Johan Carlstrom; Egor Babaev; Martin Speight

2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

209

An Aharonov-Bohm interferometer for determining Bloch band topology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The geometric structure of an energy band in a solid is fundamental for a wide range of many-body phenomena in condensed matter and is uniquely characterized by the distribution of Berry curvature over the Brillouin zone. In analogy to an Aharonov-Bohm interferometer that measures the magnetic flux penetrating a given area in real space, we realize an atomic interferometer to measure Berry flux in momentum space. We demonstrate the interferometer for a graphene-type hexagonal lattice, where it has allowed us to directly detect the singular $\\pi$ Berry flux localized at each Dirac point. We show that the interferometer enables one to determine the distribution of Berry curvature with high momentum resolution. Our work forms the basis for a general framework to fully characterize topological band structures and can also facilitate holonomic quantum computing through controlled exploitation of the geometry of Hilbert space.

Lucia Duca; Tracy Li; Martin Reitter; Immanuel Bloch; Monika Schleier-Smith; Ulrich Schneider

2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

210

High peak power test of S-band waveguide switches  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The injector and source of particles for the Advanced Photon Source (APS) is a 2856-MHz S-band electron-positron linear accelerator (linac) which produces electrons with energies up to 650 MeV or positrons with energies up to 450 MeV. To improve the linac rf system availability, an additional modulator-klystron subsystem is being constructed to provide a switchable hot spare unit for each of the five existing S-band transmitters. The switching of the transmitters will require the use of SF6-pressurized waveguide switches at a peak operating power of 35 MW. A test stand was set up at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) Klystron-Microwave laboratory to conduct tests characterizing the power handling capability of these waveguide switches. Test results are presented.

Nassiri, A.; Grelick, A.; Kustom, R.L.; White, M.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

The Broad Band Spectral Energy Distributions of SDSS Blazars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compiled the radio, optical, and X-ray data of blazars from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) database, and presented the distribution of luminosities and broad band spectral indices. The distribution of luminosities shows that the averaged luminosity of flat-spectral radio quasars (FSRQs) is larger than that of BL Lacs objects. On the other hand, the broad band spectral energy distribution reveals that FSRQs and low energy peaked BL Lac objects (LBLs) objects have similar spectral properties, but high energy peaked BL Lac objects (HBLs) have a distinct spectral property. This may be due to that different subclasses of blazars have different intrinsic environments and are at different cooling levels. Even so, a unified scheme also is revealed from the color-color diagram, which hints that there are similar physical processes operating in all objects under a range of intrinsic physical conditions or beaming parameter.

Li, Huaizhen; Jiang, Yunguo; Yi, Tingfeng

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Intermediate-band Photometry of Type Ia Supernovae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present optical light curves of five Type Ia supernovae (2002er, 2002fk, 2003cg, 2003du, 2003fk). The photometric observations were performed in a set of intermediate-band filters. SNe 2002er, 2003du appear to be normal SN Ia events with similar light curve shapes, while SN 2003kf shows the behavior of a brighter SN Ia with slower decline rate after maximum. The light curves of SN 2003cg is unusual; they show a fast rise and dramatic decline near maximum and do not display secondary peak at longer wavelengths during 15-30 days after maximum light. This suggests that SN 2003cg is likely to be an intrinsically subluminous, 91bg-like SN Ia. Exploration of SN Ia feature lines through intermediate-band photometry is briefly discussed.

Wang, X; Zhang, T; Li, Z; Wang, Xiaofeng; Zhou, Xu; Zhang, Tianmeng; Li, Zongwei

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Band Tunneling through Double Barrier in Bilayer Graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By taking into account the full four band energy spectrum, we calculate the transmission probability and conductance of electrons across symmetric and asymmetric double potential barrier with a confined interlayer potential difference in bilayer graphene. For energies less than the interlayer coupling \\gamma_{1}, E \\gamma_{1}, we obtain four possible ways for transmission resulting from the two propagating modes. We compute the associated transmission probabilities as well as their contribution to the conductance, study the effect of the double barrier geometry.

Hasan A. Alshehab; Hocine Bahlouli; Abderrahim El Mouhafid; Ahmed Jellal

2014-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

214

Wide-band heterodyne receiver development for effluent measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been developing advanced infrared heterodyne receivers for plasma diagnostics in fusion reactors for over 20 years. Passive heterodyne radiometry in the LWIR region of the spectrum has historically been restricted by HgCdTe (MCT) detector technology to receiver bandwidths of only 2 GHz. Given typical atmospheric line widths of approximately 3 GHz, a CO{sub 2} (or isotope) laser local oscillator with an average line spacing of 50 GHz, and an MCT detector, only chemical species whose absorptions fall directly on top of laser lines can be measured. Thus, with traditional narrow-band heterodyne radiometry, much of the LWIR spectrum is missed and the less complex direct detection DIAL has been the preferred technique in remote sensing applications. Wide-band heterodyne receivers offer significant improvements in remote measurement capability. Progress at the Institute for Microstructural Sciences (IMS) at National Research Council of Canada and at ORNL in wide-band quantum-well infrared photodetectors (QIPs) and receivers is significantly enhancing the bandwidth capabilities of heterodyne radiometers. ORNL recently made measurements in the lab using QWIPs developed at IMS that demonstrate heterodyne quantum efficiencies of 5% with a heterodyne bandwidth of 7 GHz. The path forward indicates that > 10% heterodyne quantum efficiencies and 30-GHz bandwidths are achievable with current QWIP technology. With a chopped, 30-GHz passive heterodyne receiver, a much larger portion of the LWIR spectrum can now be covered. One potential advantage of wide-band heterodyne receivers for effluent measurements is to dramatically reduce the number of laser lines needed to characterize and distinguish multiple chemical species of interest. In the following paper, the authors discuss this and other implications of these new technologies to the characterization of effluents using both passive heterodyne radiometry and thermo-luminescence.

Hutchinson, D.P.; Richards, R.K.; Simpson, M.L.; Bennett, C.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Liu, H.C.; Buchanan, M. [National Research Council of Canada (Canada)

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

BATC 13-band Photometry of Open Cluster NGC 7789  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present 13-band CCD intermediate-band spectrophotometry of a field centered on the open cluster NGC 7789 from 400 to nearly 1000 nm, taken with Beijing-Arizona-Taiwan-Connecticut (BATC) Multi-Color Survey photometric system. By comparing observed spectral energy distributions of NGC 7789 stars with theoretical ones, the fundamental parameters of this cluster are derived: an age of $1.4\\pm0.1$ Gyr, a distance modulus $(m-M)_{0}=11.27\\pm0.04$, a reddening $E(B-V)=0.28\\pm0.02$, and a metallicity with the solar composition $Z=0.019$. When the surface density profile for member stars with limiting magnitudes of 19.0 in the BATC $e$ band ($\\lambda_{\\textrm{eff}}=4925$ \\AA) is fitted by King model, the core radius $R_{c}=7.52\\arcmin$ and the tidal radius $R_{t}=28.84\\arcmin$ are derived for NGC 7789. The observed mass function (MF) for main sequence stars of NGC 7789 with masses from 0.95 to 1.85 $M_{\\odot}$ is fitted with a power-law function $\\phi(m)\\propto m^{\\alpha}$ and the slope $\\alpha=-0.96$ is derived. S...

Wu, Zhen-Yu; Ma, Jun; Jiang, Zhao-Ji; Chen, Jian-Sheng; Wu, Jiang-Hua; 10.1086/512189

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

E-Print Network 3.0 - amniotic band syndrome Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

band syndrome Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: amniotic band syndrome Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 CLIN.CHEM.247, 1131-1133(1978)...

217

Pressure Behaviour of the UV and Green Emission Bands in ZnO...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pressure Behaviour of the UV and Green Emission Bands in ZnO Micro-rods. Pressure Behaviour of the UV and Green Emission Bands in ZnO Micro-rods. Abstract: The pressure behavior of...

218

Optical absorption and band gap reduction in (Fe1-xCrx)2O3 solid...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Optical absorption and band gap reduction in (Fe1-xCrx)2O3 solid solutions: A first-principles study. Optical absorption and band gap reduction in (Fe1-xCrx)2O3 solid solutions: A...

219

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting band 7q36 Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

not to the banding... Vorticity banding in rodlike virus suspensions Kyongok Kang,1 M. P. Lettinga,1 Z. Dogic,2 and Jan K... , Massachusetts 02142, USA Received 16 February 2006;...

220

Single-junction solar cells with the optimum band gap for terrestrial concentrator applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A single-junction solar cell having the ideal band gap for terrestrial concentrator applications. Computer modeling studies of single-junction solar cells have shown that the presence of absorption bands in the direct spectrum has the effect of "pinning" the optimum band gap for a wide range of operating conditions at a value of 1.14.+-.0.02 eV. Efficiencies exceeding 30% may be possible at high concentration ratios for devices with the ideal band gap.

Wanlass, Mark W. (Golden, CO)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agua caliente band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Grand Traverse Band Renewable Energy Feasibility Study in Wind, Biomass and Solar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Renewable Energy Feasibility Study for wind, biomass, solar on the Grand Traverse Band tribal lands from 2005 - 2008

Suzanne McSawby, Project Director

2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

222

Loops of Energy Bands for Bloch Waves in Optical Lattices By Matt Coles and Dmitry Pelinovsky  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Loops of Energy Bands for Bloch Waves in Optical Lattices By Matt Coles and Dmitry Pelinovsky We the energy bands for Bloch waves in optically trapped Bose­Einstein condensates. The comparison between in this context. These bifurcations generate loops in the energy bands of the Bloch waves near the ends

Pelinovsky, Dmitry

223

ensl-00109517,version1-24Oct2006 Superconducting instability in 3 bands metallic nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ensl-00109517,version1-24Oct2006 Superconducting instability in 3 bands metallic nanotubes David on small radius nanotubes, we study the superconducting in- stabilities of cylindrical (5,0) nanotubes. According to band structure calculations, these nanotubes possess three bands at the Fermi energy. Using

224

Band structures Optical absorption Summary Key concepts in Density Functional Theory (II)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Band structures Optical absorption Summary Key concepts in Density Functional Theory (II) Kohn, Belfast Key concepts in Density Functional Theory (II) Silvana Botti #12;Band structures Optical in Density Functional Theory (II) Silvana Botti #12;Band structures Optical absorption Summary Outline 1 From

Botti, Silvana

225

Getting simultaneous red and near infrared bands from a single digital camera for plant monitoring applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Getting simultaneous red and near infrared bands from a single digital camera for plant monitoring including red and near-infrared bands have proved their efficiency for vegetation-soil discrimination an original solution to obtain simultaneously the near-infrared and red bands from a standard RGB camera

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

226

Retention of Butt-End Aluminum Leg Bands by Wild Turkeys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Note Retention of Butt-End Aluminum Leg Bands by Wild Turkeys MATTHEW J. BUTLER,1,2 Department wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo intermedia) captured in Texas and Kansas, USA, 2000­2009. We examined 187 recaptured or harvested radiotagged wild turkeys to determine band retention and modeled band

Butler, Matthew J.

227

The PortevinLe Chatelier (PLC) effect and shear band formation in an AA5754 alloy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Portevin­Le Chatelier (PLC) effect and shear band formation in an AA5754 alloy Herdawandi Halim in order to observe Portevin­Le Chatelier (PLC) band behaviour during tensile deformation of AA5754 sheet and subsequently to measure the level of incre- mental plastic strain carried within the bands. In addition, PLC

Niewczas, Marek

228

Band anticrossing effects in highly mismatched semiconductor alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first five chapters of this thesis focus on studies of band anticrossing (BAC) effects in highly electronegativity- mismatched semiconductor alloys. The concept of bandgap bowing has been used to describe the deviation of the alloy bandgap from a linear interpolation. Bowing parameters as large as 2.5 eV (for ZnSTe) and close to zero (for AlGaAs and ZnSSe) have been observed experimentally. Recent advances in thin film deposition techniques have allowed the growth of semiconductor alloys composed of significantly different constituents with ever- improving crystalline quality (e.g., GaAs{sub 1-x}N{sub x} and GaP{sub 1-x}N{sub x} with x {approx}< 0.05). These alloys exhibit many novel and interesting properties including, in particular, a giant bandgap bowing (bowing parameters > 14 eV). A band anticrossing model has been developed to explain these properties. The model shows that the predominant bowing mechanism in these systems is driven by the anticrossing interaction between the localized level associated with the minority component and the band states of the host. In this thesis I discuss my studies of the BAC effects in these highly mismatched semiconductors. It will be shown that the results of the physically intuitive BAC model can be derived from the Hamiltonian of the many-impurity Anderson model. The band restructuring caused by the BAC interaction is responsible for a series of experimental observations such as a large bandgap reduction, an enhancement of the electron effective mass, and a decrease in the pressure coefficient of the fundamental gap energy. Results of further experimental investigations of the optical properties of quantum wells based on these materials will be also presented. It will be shown that the BAC interaction occurs not only between localized states and conduction band states at the Brillouin zone center, but also exists over all of k-space. Finally, taking ZnSTe and ZnSeTe as examples, I show that BAC also occurs between localized states and the valence band states. Soft x-ray fluorescence experiments provide direct evidence of the BAC interaction in these systems. In the final chapter of the thesis, I describe and summarize my studies of optical properties of wurtzite InN and related alloys. Early studies performed on InN films grown by sputtering techniques suggested a direct bandgap of {approx}1.9 eV for this semiconductor. Very recently, high-quality InN films with much higher mobility have become available by using the molecular beam epitaxy growth method. Optical experiments carried out on these samples reveal a narrow bandgap for InN of 0.77 eV, much lower than the previously accepted value. Optical properties of InGaN and InAlN ternaries on the In rich side have also been characterized and are found to be consistent with the narrow bandgap of InN. The bandgap bowing parameters in these alloys were determined. In the context of these findings, the bandgap energies of InGaN and InAlN were found to cover a wide spectral range from the infrared for InN to the ultraviolet for GaN and deep ultraviolet for AlN. The significance of this work is rooted in many important applications of nitride semiconductors in optoelectronics and solar energy conversion devices.

Wu, Junqiao

2002-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

229

The X-band klystron program at SLAC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The X-band rf source development at SLAC can be considered a qualified success. A total of twelve klystrons were built. Six of them are still in use. The latest tube, XL4, produced 75 MW at an efficiency of 47.5 percent. However, victory cannot be declared as yet, since an NLC prototype has not been fully designed and the decision between permanent magnet focusing and a super-conducting solenoid has not been formally made. Daryl Sprehn`s paper will present the status of the PPM klystron development. The authors believe that a PPM X-band source will work, at 50 as well as at 75 megawatts. But they are prepared to adapt the XL4 design to a super-conducting solenoid, should the PPM klystron develop unexpected problems. The SLAC program is now in its seventh year. It may well be the longest and most expensive microwave tube development on record, in a government laboratory or in industry. Direct and related costs for the total effort are probably of the order of $10 million. In these circumstances it is perhaps not surprising that it has been possible to produce a klystron with the performance of XL4. At the same time, it must be said that the necessary leap in technology from the SLAC 60-megawatt S-band production klystrons to a klystron of comparable performance at four times the frequency could not be realized without some very careful experimentation and, most importantly, without the infrastructure for tube fabrication and testing available at SLAC. The design of an 11.4 GHz 50--100 MW klystron, with microsecond pulses and a pulse repetition frequency of 180 Hz presents a number of technical challenges which are listed here.

Caryotakis, G.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

History and Evolution of Control Banding: A Review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Control Banding (CB) strategies offer simplified solutions for controlling worker exposures to constituents often encountered in the workplace. The original CB model was developed within the pharmaceutical industry; however, the modern movement involves models developed for non-experts to input hazard and exposure potential information for bulk chemical processes, receiving control advice as a result. The CB approach utilizes these models for the dissemination of qualitative and semi-quantitative risk assessment tools being developed to complement the traditional industrial hygiene model of air sampling and analysis. It is being applied and tested in small and medium size enterprises (SMEs) within developed countries and industrially developing countries; however, large enterprises (LEs) have also incorporated these strategies within chemical safety programs. Existing research of the components of the most available CB model, the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Essentials, has shown that exposure bands do not always provide adequate margins of safety, that there is a high rate of under-control errors, that it works better with dusts than with vapors, that there is an inherent inaccuracy in estimating variability, and that when taken together the outcomes of this model may lead to potentially inappropriate workplace confidence in chemical exposure reduction in some operations. Alternatively, large-scale comparisons of industry exposure data to this CB model's outcomes have indicated more promising results with a high correlation seen internationally. With the accuracy of the toxicological ratings and hazard band classification currently in question, their proper reevaluation will be of great benefit to the reliability of existing and future CB models. The need for a more complete analysis of CB model components and, most importantly, a more comprehensive prospective research process remains and will be important in understanding implications of the model's overall effectiveness. Since the CB approach is now being used worldwide with an even broader implementation in progress, further research toward understanding its strengths and weaknesses will assist in its further refinement and confidence in its ongoing utility.

Zalk, D; Nelson, D

2006-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

231

Wide band cryogenic ultra-high vacuum microwave absorber  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An absorber wave guide assembly for absorbing higher order modes of microwave energy under cryogenic ultra-high vacuum conditions, that absorbs wide-band multi-mode energy. The absorber is of a special triangular shape, made from flat tiles of silicon carbide and aluminum nitride. The leading sharp end of the absorber is located in a corner of the wave guide and tapers to a larger cross-sectional area whose center is located approximately in the center of the wave guide. The absorber is relatively short, being of less height than the maximum width of the wave guide.

Campisi, Isidoro E. (Newport News, VA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Band Structure Asymmetry of Bilayer Graphene Revealed by Infrared Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on infrared spectroscopy of bilayer graphene integrated in gated structures. We observe a significant asymmetry in the optical conductivity upon electrostatic doping of electrons and holes. We show that this finding arises from a marked asymmetry between the valence and conduction bands, which is mainly due to the inequivalence of the two sublattices within the graphene layer and the next-nearest-neighbor interlayer coupling. From the conductivity data, the energy difference of the two sublattices and the interlayer coupling energy are directly determined.

Li, Z.Q.; Henriksen, E.A.; Jiang, Z.; Hao, Zhao; Martin, Michael C.; Kim, P.; Stormer, H.L.; Basov, Dimitri N.

2008-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

233

Ka-Band ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR) Instrument Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Ka-band ARM zenith radar (KAZR) is a zenith-pointing Doppler cloud radar operating at approximately 35 GHz. The KAZR is an evolutionary follow-on radar to ARM's widely successful millimeter-wavelength cloud radar (MMCR). The main purpose of the KAZR is to provide vertical profiles of clouds by measuring the first three Doppler moments: reflectivity, radial Doppler velocity, and spectra width. At the sites where the dual-polarization measurements are made, the Doppler moments for the cross-polarization channel are also available. In addition to the moments, velocity spectra are also continuously recorded for each range gate.

Widener, K; Bharadwaj, N; Johnson, K

2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

234

Wide band cryogenic ultra-high vacuum microwave absorber  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An absorber waveguide assembly for absorbing higher order modes of microwave energy under cryogenic ultra-high vacuum conditions, that absorbs wide-band multi-mode energy. The absorber is of a special triangular shape, made from flat tiles of silicon carbide and aluminum nitride. The leading sharp end of the absorber is located in a corner of the waveguide and tapers to a larger cross-sectional area whose center is located approximately in the center of the wave guide. The absorber is relatively short, being of less height than the maximum width of the waveguide. 11 figs.

Campisi, I.E.

1992-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

235

VIMOS total transmission profiles for broad-band filters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VIMOS is a wide-field imager and spectrograph mounted on UT3 at the VLT, whose FOV consists of four 7'x8' quadrants. Here we present the measurements of total transmission profiles -- i.e. the throughput of telescope + instrument -- for the broad band filters U, B, V, R, I, and z for each of its four quadrants. Those measurements can also be downloaded from the public VIMOS web-page. The transmission profiles are compared with previous estimates from the VIMOS consortium.

S. Mieske; M. Rejkuba; S. Bagnulo; C. Izzo; G. Marconi

2007-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

236

W-band ARM Cloud Radar (WACR) Update and Status  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism inS-4500IIVasudhaSurface. |VolunteeringMap2-5: East AlternativeWW-band

237

Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security AdministrationcontrollerNanocrystalline Gallium Oxide ThinIon CoolingSubstrateSubstrate-Induced Band-Gap

238

Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security AdministrationcontrollerNanocrystalline Gallium Oxide ThinIonSubstrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in

239

Quantitative Measurement of Integrated Band Intensities of Benzene Vapor in  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared at 278, 298, and 323 K. | EMSL Measurement of Integrated Band

240

ZnO/Sn:In2O3 and ZnO/CdTe band offsets for extremely thin absorber...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ZnOSn:In2O3 and ZnOCdTe band offsets for extremely thin absorber photovoltaics . ZnOSn:In2O3 and ZnOCdTe band offsets for extremely thin absorber photovoltaics . Abstract: Band...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agua caliente band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Triaxial strongly deformed bands in {sup 164}Hf and the effect of elevated yrast line  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two exotic rotational bands have been identified in {sup 164}Hf and linked to known states. They are interpreted as being associated with the calculated triaxial strongly deformed (TSD) potential energy minimum. The bands are substantially stronger and are located at much lower spins than the previously discovered TSD bands in {sup 168}Hf. In addition to the proton and neutron shell gaps at large trixiality, it was proposed that the relative excitation energy of TSD bands above the yrast line plays an important role in the population of TSD bands.

Ma Wenchao [Department of Physics, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762 (United States)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

242

Partially filled intermediate band of Cr-doped GaN films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigated the band structure of sputtered Cr-doped GaN (GaCrN) films using optical absorption, photoelectron yield spectroscopy, and charge transport measurements. It was found that an additional energy band is formed in the intrinsic band gap of GaN upon Cr doping, and that charge carriers in the material move in the inserted band. Prototype solar cells showed enhanced short circuit current and open circuit voltage in the n-GaN/GaCrN/p-GaN structure compared to the GaCrN/p-GaN structure, which validates the proposed concept of an intermediate-band solar cell.

Sonoda, S. [Department of Electronics, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Kyoto 606-8585 (Japan)

2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

243

A study of the band envelopes of the 2900 A system of sulphur dioxide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parameters with their Corresponding D(A " B) ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 0 2) LIST OF FIGURES Figure Page Bands Located a$ 33&340. 7 cm. and 32 ' 879 ' 9 orna ~ & ~ & ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 8 Bands Near the Origin of the 2900 R System, ~ ~ ~ , 9 Graph of hV vs& Ordinal Numbers... with overlapping bands arising from low-lying excited vibrational levels of the ground state Only two bands~ whose heads are -1 located at 32, 879. 9 and 33, 340. 7 cm. , aze clear enough for a rotational analysis. These bands have sub-heads at 32, 895. 7 -1...

Cesani, Fernando A

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Hoyle band and $?$ condensation in ${^{12}{\\rm C}}$  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The excited states in ${^{12}{\\rm C}}$ are investigated by using an extended version of the so-called Tohsaki-Horiuchi- Schuck-R\\"opke (THSR) wave function, where both the $3\\alpha$ condensate and ${^{8}{\\rm Be}} + \\alpha$ cluster asymptotic configurations are included. A new method is also used to resolve spurious continuum coupling with physical states. We focus on the structures of the "Hoyle band" states, $2_2^+$, and $4_2^+$ states, which are recently observed above the Hoyle state and of the $0_3^+$ and $0_4^+$ states, which are also quite recently identified in experiment. Their resonance parameters and decay properties are reasonably reproduced. All these states have gaslike configurations of the $3\\alpha$ clusters with larger root mean square radii than that of the Hoyle state. The Hoyle band is not simply considered to be the ${^{8}{\\rm Be}}(0^+) +\\alpha$ rotation as suggested by previous cluster model calculations, nor to be a rotation of a rigid-body triangle-shaped object composed of the $3\\alpha$ particles. This is mainly due to the specificity of the Hoyle state, which has the $3\\alpha$ condensate structure and gives a rise to the $0_3^+$ state with a prominent ${^{8}{\\rm Be}}(0^+)+\\alpha$ structure as a result of very strong monopole excitation from the Hoyle state.

Y. Funaki

2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

245

Strained-Si1-xGex/Si Band-to-Band Tunneling Transistors: Impact of Tunnel-Junction Germanium Composition and Doping Concentration on Switching Behavior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Strained pseudomorphic Si/Si [subscript 1-x]Ge [subscript x]/Si gate-controlled band-to-band tunneling (BTBT) devices have been analyzed with varying Ge composition up to 57% and p+ tunnel-junction (source) doping concentration ...

Antoniadis, Dimitri A.

246

E-Print Network 3.0 - aire caliente para Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad Complutense de Madrid Collection: Physics 52 La creatividad de las rimas en las dcimas y letrillas de Gngora El poeta crea por analoga. Su...

247

BEBIDAS CALIENTES / BEGUDES CALENTES CAF SOLO / CAF SOL 0,77  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/ CAF TALLAT 0,82 CAF CON LECHE / CAF AMB LLET 0,88 BOMBN / BOMB 0,86 LECHE SOLA, VASO 250 ml / LLET SOLA, GOT 250 ml 0,71 INFUSIONES (MANZANILLA, POLEO, T SOLO O CON LIMN) INFUSIONS (CAMAMILLA) (mn. 50 gr) / TONYINA (SOLA, AMB MAIONESA O TOMAT 1,71 JAMON SERRANO (mn. 40 gr) / PERNIL SERR (mn

Escolano, Francisco

248

BEBIDAS CALIENTES / BEGUDES CALENTES CAF SOLO / CAF SOL 0,77  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/ CAF TALLAT 0,82 CAF CON LECHE / CAF AMB LLET 0,87 BOMBN / BOMB 0,85 LECHE SOLA, VASO 250 ml / LLET SOLA, GOT 250 ml 0,71 INFUSIONES (MANZANILLA, POLEO, T SOLO O CON LIMN) INFUSIONS (CAMAMILLA) (mn. 50 gr) / TONYINA (SOLA, AMB MAIONESA O TOMAT 1,70 JAMON SERRANO (mn. 40 gr) / PERNIL SERR (mn

Escolano, Francisco

249

Ojo Caliente Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(UtilityCounty, Michigan: Energy ResourcesCo Jump to:Ohio: Energy ResourcesEnergy

250

Aqua Caliente County Park Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300AlgoilEnergy Information the ArmyInformationFocus TechnologyOpen

251

Aqua Caliente Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300AlgoilEnergy Information the ArmyInformationFocus TechnologyOpen|

252

Big Caliente Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: Energy ResourcesJersey: EnergyBerthoud,Biodiesel Place:Forge07. ItBiodiesel

253

Caliente City Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: EnergyBoston Areais3: Crystalline RockCaldera2 2013Calhoun County, WestEnergy

254

Caliente Hot Springs Motel Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: EnergyBoston Areais3: Crystalline RockCaldera2 2013Calhoun County,

255

Modeling of Photonic Band Gap Crystals and Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, the authors have undertaken a theoretical approach to the complex problem of modeling the flow of electromagnetic waves in photonic crystals. The focus is to address the feasibility of using the exciting phenomena of photonic gaps (PBG) in actual applications. The authors start by providing analytical derivations of the computational electromagnetic methods used in their work. They also present a detailed explanation of the physics underlying each approach, as well as a comparative study of the strengths and weaknesses of each method. The Plane Wave expansion, Transfer Matrix, and Finite Difference time Domain Methods are addressed. They also introduce a new theoretical approach, the Modal Expansion Method. They then shift the attention to actual applications. They begin with a discussion of 2D photonic crystal wave guides. The structure addressed consists of a 2D hexagonal structure of air cylinders in a layered dielectric background. Comparison with the performance of a conventional guide is made, as well as suggestions for enhancing it. The studies provide an upper theoretical limit on the performance of such guides, as they assumed no crystal imperfections and non-absorbing media. Next, they study 3D metallic PBG materials at near infrared and optical wavelengths. The main objective is to study the importance of absorption in the metal and the suitability of observing photonic band gaps in such structures. They study simple cubic structures where the metallic scatters are either cubes or interconnected metallic rods. Several metals are studied (aluminum, gold, copper, and silver). The effect of topology is addressed and isolated metallic cubes are found to be less lossy than the connected rod structures. The results reveal that the best performance is obtained by choosing metals with a large negative real part of the dielectric function, together with a relatively small imaginary part. Finally, they point out a new direction in photonic crystal research that involves the interplay of metallic-PBG rejection and photonic band edge absorption. They propose that an absolute metallic-PBG may be used to suppress the infrared part of the blackbody emission and, emit its energy only through a sharp absorption band. Potential applications of this new PBG mechanism include highly efficient incandescent lamps and enhanced thermophotovoltaic energy conversion. The suggested lamp would be able to recycle the energy that would otherwise go into the unwanted heat associated with usual lamps, into light emitted in the visible spectrum. It is estimated this would increase the efficiency over conventional lamps by about 40%.

Ihab Fathy El-Kady

2002-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

256

Initial assessment of an airborne Ku-band polarimetric SAR.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (SAR) has been used for a variety of dual-use research applications since the 1940's. By measuring the direction of the electric field vector from radar echoes, polarimetry may enhance an analyst's understanding of scattering effects for both earth monitoring and tactical surveillance missions. Polarimetry may provide insight into surface types, materials, or orientations for natural and man-made targets. Polarimetric measurements may also be used to enhance the contrast between scattering surfaces such as man-made objects and their surroundings. This report represents an initial assessment of the utility of, and applications for, polarimetric SAR at Ku-band for airborne or unmanned aerial systems.

Raynal, Ann Marie; Doerry, Armin Walter

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

W-band ARM Cloud Radar (WACR) Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The W-band Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Cloud Radar (WACR) systems are zenith pointing Doppler radars that probe the extent and composition of clouds at 95.04 GHz. The main purpose of this radar is to determine cloud boundaries (e.g., cloud bottoms and tops). This radar reports estimates for the first three spectra moments for each range gate up to 15 km. The 0th moment is reflectivity, the 1st moment is radial velocity, and the 2nd moment is spectral width. Also available are the raw spectra files. Unlike the millimeter wavelength cloud radar (MMCR), the WACR does not use pulse coding and operates in only copolarization and cross-polarization modes.

Widener, KB; Johnson, K

2005-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

258

Voltage-matched, monolithic, multi-band-gap devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Monolithic, tandem, photonic cells include at least a first semiconductor layer and a second semiconductor layer, wherein each semiconductor layer includes an n-type region, a p-type region, and a given band-gap energy. Formed within each semiconductor layer is a sting of electrically connected photonic sub-cells. By carefully selecting the numbers of photonic sub-cells in the first and second layer photonic sub-cell string(s), and by carefully selecting the manner in which the sub-cells in a first and second layer photonic sub-cell string(s) are electrically connected, each of the first and second layer sub-cell strings may be made to achieve one or more substantially identical electrical characteristics.

Wanlass, Mark W.; Mascarenhas, Angelo

2006-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

259

Voltage-Matched, Monolithic, Multi-Band-Gap Devices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Monolithic, tandem, photonic cells include at least a first semiconductor layer and a second semiconductor layer, wherein each semiconductor layer includes an n-type region, a p-type region, and a given band-gap energy. Formed within each semiconductor layer is a string of electrically connected photonic sub-cells. By carefully selecting the numbers of photonic sub-cells in the first and second layer photonic sub-cell string(s), and by carefully selecting the manner in which the sub-cells in a first and second layer photonic sub-cell string(s) are electrically connected, each of the first and second layer sub-cell strings may be made to achieve one or more substantially identical electrical characteristics.

Wanlass, M. W.; Mascarenhas, A.

2006-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

260

Engineering integrated pure narrow-band photon sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering and controlling well defined states of light for quantum information applications is of increasing importance as the complexity of quantum systems grows. For example, in quantum networks high multi-photon interference visibility requires properly devised single mode sources. In this paper we propose a spontaneous parametric down conversion source based on an integrated cavity-waveguide, where single narrow-band, possibly distinct, spectral modes for the idler and the signal fields can be generated. This mode selection takes advantage of the clustering effect, due to the intrinsic dispersion of the nonlinear material. In combination with a CW laser and fast detection, our approach provides a means to engineer a source that can efficiently generate pure photons, without filtering, that is compatible with long distance quantum communication. Furthermore, it is extremely flexible and could easily be adapted to a wide variety of wavelengths and applications.

Enrico Pomarico; Bruno Sanguinetti; Clara I. Osorio; Harald Herrmann; Rob Thew

2011-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agua caliente band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Ultra Wide Band RFID Neutron Tags for Nuclear Materials Monitoring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent advancements in the ultra-wide band Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology and solid state pillar type neutron detectors have enabled us to move forward in combining both technologies for advanced neutron monitoring. The LLNL RFID tag is totally passive and will operate indefinitely without the need for batteries. The tag is compact, can be directly mounted on metal, and has high performance in dense and cluttered environments. The LLNL coin-sized pillar solid state neutron detector has achieved a thermal neutron detection efficiency of 20% and neutron/gamma discrimination of 1E5. These performance values are comparable to a fieldable {sup 3}He based detector. In this paper we will discuss features about the two technologies and some potential applications for the advanced safeguarding of nuclear materials.

Nekoogar, F; Dowla, F; Wang, T

2010-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

262

Wide-band coherent receiver development for enhanced surveillance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been developing advanced coherent IR heterodyne receivers for plasma diagnostics in fusion reactors for over 20 years. Recent progress in wide band IR detectors and high speed electronics has significantly enhanced the measurement capabilities of coherent receivers. In addition, developments in new HgCdTe and quantum well IR photodetector (QWIP) focal plane arrays are providing the possibility of both active and passive coherent imaging. In this paper the authors discuss the implications of these new enabling technologies to the IR remote sensing community for enhanced surveillance. Coherent receivers, as opposed to direct or thermal detection, provide multiple dimensions of information about a scene or target in a single detector system. Combinations of range, velocity, temperature, and chemical species information are all available from a coherent heterodyne receiver. They present laboratory data showing measured noise equivalent power (NEP) of new QWIP detectors with heterodyne bandwidths greater than 7 GHz. For absorption measurements, a wide band coherent receiver provides the capability of looking between CO{sub 2} lines at off-resonance peaks and thus the measurement of lines normally inaccessible with conventional heterodyne or direct detection systems. Also described are differential absorption lidar (DIAL) and Doppler laboratory measurements using an 8 x 8 HgCdTe focal plane array demonstrating the snapshot capability of coherent receiver detector arrays for enhanced chemical plume and moving hardbody capture. Finally they discuss a variety of coherent receiver configurations that can suppress (or enhance) sensitivity of present active remote sensing systems to speckle, glint, and other measurement anomalies.

Simpson, M.L.; Richards, R.K.; Hutchinson, D.P.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

1634 IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 12, 2013 A Compact Dual-Band Rectenna Using Slot-Loaded  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, dual-band rectenna, dual-band rectifier, energy harvesting, wireless power transmission. I bands, RF energy harvesters capable of operating in multiple bands are of great importance. Nowadays by a microwave signal of available power of 9 dBm for a load resistor of 2.2 k . Index Terms--Dipole antenna

Tentzeris, Manos

264

Theoretical performance of solar cell based on mini-bands quantum dots  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The tremendous amount of research in solar energy is directed toward intermediate band solar cell for its advantages compared with the conventional solar cell. The latter has lower efficiency because the photons have lower energy than the bandgap energy and cannot excite mobile carriers from the valence band to the conduction band. On the other hand, if mini intermediate band is introduced between the valence and conduction bands, then the smaller energy photons can be used to promote charge carriers transfer to the conduction band and thereby the total current increases while maintaining a large open circuit voltage. In this article, the influence of the new band on the power conversion efficiency for structure of quantum dots intermediate band solar cell is theoretically investigated and studied. The time-independent Schrdinger equation is used to determine the optimum width and location of the intermediate band. Accordingly, achievement of a maximum efficiency by changing the width of quantum dots and barrier distances is studied. Theoretical determination of the power conversion efficiency under the two different ranges of QD width is presented. From the obtained results, the maximum power conversion efficiency is about 70.42%. It is carried out for simple cubic quantum dot crystal under fully concentrated light. It is strongly dependent on the width of quantum dots and barrier distances.

Aly, Abou El-Maaty M., E-mail: drabouelmaaty@hotmail.com, E-mail: ashraf.nasr@gmail.com [Power Electronics and Energy Conversion Department, ERI, NRCB (Egypt); College of Computer, Qassim University, P.O.B. 6688, Buryadah 51453 (Saudi Arabia); Nasr, A., E-mail: drabouelmaaty@hotmail.com, E-mail: ashraf.nasr@gmail.com [Radiation Engineering Department, NCRRT, Atomic Energy Authority (Egypt); College of Computer, Qassim University, P.O.B. 6688, Buryadah 51453 (Saudi Arabia)

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

265

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne l-band radar Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

concept will utilize L-band radar and radiometer instruments sharing a rotating... measurement approach with the conically scanning ... Source: Montana, University of - School of...

266

The mechanism and realization of a band-agile coaxial relativistic backward-wave oscillator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mechanism and realization of a band-agile coaxial relativistic backward-wave oscillator (RBWO) are presented. The operation frequency tuning can be easily achieved by merely altering the inner-conductor length. The key effects of the inner-conductor length contributing to the mechanical frequency tunability are investigated theoretically and experimentally. There is a specific inner-conductor length where the operation frequency can jump from one mode to another mode, which belongs to a different operation band. In addition, the operation frequency is tunable within each operation band. During simulation, the L-band microwave with a frequency of 1.61 GHz is radiated when the inner-conductor length is 39?cm. Meanwhile, the S-band microwave with a frequency of 2.32 GHz is radiated when the inner-conductor length is 5?cm. The frequency adjustment bandwidths of L-band and S-band are about 8.5% and 2%, respectively. Moreover, the online mechanical tunability process is described in detail. In the initial experiment, the generated microwave frequencies remain approximately 1.59 GHz and 2.35?GHz when the inner-conductor lengths are 39?cm and 5?cm. In brief, this technical route of the band-agile coaxial RBWO is feasible and provides a guide to design other types of band-agile high power microwaves sources.

Ge, Xingjun; Zhang, Jun; Zhong, Huihuang; Qian, Baoliang; Wang, Haitao [College of Optoelectronic Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China)

2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

267

Fractional Band Filling in an Atomic Chain Structure J. N. Crain,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

then splits into a spinon and holon band. The energy scale of this many-electron effect can be boosted [13

Himpsel, Franz J.

268

Single-junction solar cells with the optimum band gap for terrestrial concentrator applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A single-junction solar cell is described having the ideal band gap for terrestrial concentrator applications. Computer modeling studies of single-junction solar cells have shown that the presence of absorption bands in the direct spectrum has the effect of ''pinning'' the optimum band gap for a wide range of operating conditions at a value of 1.14[+-]0.02 eV. Efficiencies exceeding 30% may be possible at high concentration ratios for devices with the ideal band gap. 7 figures.

Wanlass, M.W.

1994-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

269

Banding Dates for Fall 2011 The Arboretum at Penn State Join us for bird banding in The Arboretum at Penn State. As the fall migrants move  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, with the assistance of Penn State students, will be banding (weather permitting) on the following dates: Sept. 10 program. Learn more about both the migrants that stop by the Arboretum to fuel up on their way south

Guiltinan, Mark

270

Precision Magnet Measurements for X-Band Accelerator Quadrupole Triplets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An X-band test station is being developed at LLNL to investigate accelerator optimization for future upgrades to mono-energetic gamma-ray (MEGa-Ray) technology at LLNL. Beamline magnets will include an emittance compensation solenoid, windowpane steering dipoles, and quadrupole magnets. Demanding tolerances have been placed on the alignment of these magnets, which directly affects the electron bunch beam quality. A magnet mapping system has been established at LLNL in order to ensure the delivered magnets match their field specification, and the mountings are aligned and capable of reaching the specified alignment tolerances. The magnet measurement system will be described which uses a 3-axis Lakeshore gauss probe mounted on a 3-axis translation stage. Alignment accuracy and precision will be discussed, as well as centering measurements and analysis. The dependence on data analysis over direct multi-pole measurement allows a significant improvement in useful alignment information. Detailed analysis of measurements on the beamline quadrupoles will be discussed, including multi-pole content both from alignment of the magnets, and the intrinsic level of multi-pole magnetic field.

Marsh, R A; Anderson, S G; Armstrong, J P

2012-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

271

High-spin structure and Band Termination in $^{103}$Cd  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Excited states of the neutron deficient $^{103}$Cd nucleus have been investigated via the $^{72}$Ge($^{35}$Cl, p3n) reaction at beam energy of 135 MeV by use of in-beam spectroscopic methods. Gamma rays depopulating the excited states were detected using the Gammasphere spectrometer with high-fold $\\gamma$-ray coincidences. A quadrupole $\\gamma$-ray coincidence analysis ($\\gamma^{4}$) has been used to extend the known level scheme. The positive parity levels have been established up to $J = 35/2\\hbar$ and $E_{x} = 7.071$ MeV. In addition to the observation of highly-fragmented level scheme belonging to the positive-parity sequences at E$_{x}\\sim$ 5 MeV, the termination of a negative-parity sequence connected by $E2$ transitions has been established at $J = 47/2 \\hbar$ and $E_{x} = 11.877$ MeV. The experimental results corresponding to both the positive- and negative-parity sequences have been theoretically interpreted in the framework of the core particle coupling model. Evidence is presented for a shape change from collective prolate to non-collective oblate above the $J^{\\pi} = 39/2^{-}$ (8011 keV) level and for a smooth termination of the negative-parity band.

A. Chakraborty; Krishichayan; S. Mukhopadhyay; S. Ray; S. N. Chintalapudi; S. S. Ghugre; N. S. Pattabiraman; A. K. Sinha; S. Sarkar; U. Garg; S. Zhu; M. Saha Sarkar

2007-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

272

Dual-band infrared capabilities for imaging buried object sites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss dual-band infrared (DBIR) capabilities for imaging buried object sizes. We identify physical features affecting thermal contrast needed to distinguish buried object sites from undisturbed sites or surface clutter. Apart from atmospheric transmission and system performance, these features include: object size, shape, and burial depth; ambient soil, disturbed soil and object site thermal diffusivity differences; surface temperature, emissivity, plant-cover, slope, albedo and roughness variations; weather conditions and measurement times. We use good instrumentation to measure the time-varying temperature differences between buried object sites and undisturbed soil sites. We compare near surface soil temperature differences with radiometric infrared (IR) surface temperature differences recorded at 4.7 {plus_minus} 0.4 {mu}m and at 10.6 {plus_minus} 1.0 {mu}m. By producing selective DBIR image ratio maps, we distinguish temperature-difference patterns from surface emissivity effects. We discuss temperature differences between buried object sites, filled hole site (without buried objects), cleared (undisturbed) soil sites, and grass-covered sites (with and without different types of surface clutter). We compare temperature, emissivity-ratio, visible and near-IR reflectance signatures of surface objects, leafy plants and sod. We discuss the physical aspects of environmental, surface and buried target features affecting interpretation of buried targets, surface objects and natural backgrounds.

Del Grande, N.K.; Durbin, P.F.; Gorvad, M.R.; Perkins, D.E.; Clark, G.A.; Hernandez, J.E.; Sherwood, R.J.

1993-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

273

CO Cameron band and CO2+ UV doublet emissions in the dayglow of Venus: Role of CO in the Cameron band production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Present study deals with the model calculations of CO Cameron band and CO2+ ultraviolet doublet emissions in the dayglow of Venus. The overhead and limb intensities of CO Cameron band and CO2+ UV doublet emissions are calculated for low, moderate, and high solar activity conditions. Using updated cross sections, the impact of dierent e-CO cross section for Cameron band production is estimated. The electron impact on CO is the major source mechanism of Cameron band, followed by electron and photon impact dissociation of CO2. The overhead intensities of CO Cameron band and CO2+ UV doublet emissions are about a factor of 2 higher in solar maximum than those in solar minimum condition. The effect of solar EUV flux models on the emission intensity is ~30-40% in solar minimum condition and ~2-10% in solar maximum condition. At the altitude of emission peak (135 km), the model predicted limb intensity of CO Cameron band and CO2+ UV doublet emissions in moderate (F10.7 = 130) solar activity condition is about 2400 an...

Bhardwaj, Anil

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Enhancement of computer program SPECTRAN to provide optional synthesis of 1/12 octave-band and critical-band spectra from 1/3 octave-band spectra  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes greatly enhanced version of the computer program SPECTRAN, which was initially presented in Paper No. 96-RA104.01, at the A&WMA 89th Annual Meeting in June 1996. The program has had three basic upgrades since that time. The first is provision of an option to use either batch-mode input from previously prepared data files or a {open_quotes}user-friendly{close_quotes} interactive input routine. The latter is primarily for first-time users and those having only one, or very few, spectra to process. The second improvement is the synthesis of 1/12 octave-band spectra from 1/3 octave-band spectra, with {open_quotes}tone correction,{close_quotes} in a manner similar to that used in the original version of the program. The third fundamental improvement is addition of a unique new capability to synthesize classic {open_quotes}critical-band{close_quotes} spectra from 1/3 octave-band input spectra. Critical-band spectra are also termed {open_quotes}equivalent-rectangular-bandwidth (ERB){close_quotes} and {open_quotes}equal-contribution-to-speech (ECS){close_quotes} spectra.

Chang, Young-Soo [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Liebich, R.E. [Raytheon Environmental Services Company, Cambridge, MA (United States)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Intermediate-band solar cells based on quantum dot supracrystals Q. Shao and A. A. Balandina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

parameter in the photovoltaic PV solar cell technology. It is defined as = FFVocJsc Pin , 1 where FFIntermediate-band solar cells based on quantum dot supracrystals Q. Shao and A. A. Balandina Nano to implement the intermediate-band solar cell with the efficiency exceeding the Shockley-Queisser limit

276

Band-engineered SrTiO{sub 3} nanowires for visible light photocatalysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have theoretically investigated the structural, electronic, and optical properties of perovskite SrTiO{sub 3} nanowires for use in visible light photocatalytic applications using pseudopotential density-functional theory calculations. The electronic structure calculations show that the band gap is modified in the SrTiO{sub 3} nanowires compared with that of the bulk. For TiO{sub 2}-terminated nanowires, the mid-band states induced by the combination of oxygen and strontium atoms on the surface lead to a shift in the valence band toward the conduction band without interference from the edge of the conduction band, which reduces the band gap. On the contrary, the electronic states induced by the combination of oxygen and strontium atoms on the surface of SrO-terminated nanowires lead to a shift in the conduction band toward the valence band. The calculated optical results indicate that the absorption edge of the nanowires shift towards the red-light region. These theoretical results suggest that perovskite SrTiO{sub 3} nanowires are promising candidates for use in visible light photocatalytic processes such as solar-assisted water splitting reactions.

Fu, Q.; He, T.; Li, J. L.; Yang, G. W. [State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies, Institute of Optoelectronic and Functional Composite Materials, Nanotechnology Research Center, School of Physics and Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong (China)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

277

A Theory-Based Hydrometeor Identification Algorithm for X-Band Polarimetric Radars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Theory-Based Hydrometeor Identification Algorithm for X-Band Polarimetric Radars BRENDA DOLAN, and comparisons are made with similar S-band hydrometeor identification algorithms applied to data from the S for illustrating bulk hydrometeor types and qualitatively agrees with analysis from KOUN. A simple reflectivity

Rutledge, Steven

278

Band structure engineering through orbital interaction for enhanced thermoelectric power factor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

interaction on band structure is demonstrated for IV-VI thermoelectric semiconductors. For IV-VI materials, we thermoelectric performance has been demonstrated in the premier thermoelectric material, lead telluride (PbBand structure engineering through orbital interaction for enhanced thermoelectric power factor

Ceder, Gerbrand

279

Contribution to the establishment of the R-banded karyotype in dogs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contribution to the establishment of the R-banded karyotype in dogs M Moreno-Milln A Rodero FJ a system of arranging R-bands. We describe a new contribution to the canine karyotype obtained after cultures of integral blood according to the method of de Grouchy et al (1964) slightly mod- ified

Boyer, Edmond

280

Beta band oscillations during basic sentence comprehension in patients with schizophrenia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Beta band oscillations during basic sentence comprehension in patients with schizophrenia Kirsten & Hickok (2009) Beta band oscillations during language processing ·In language comprehension we bind words wordlists elicits larger responses in the lower beta frequency range1 ·This has been attributed

Kuperberg, Gina

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agua caliente band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Comparison of Model Prediction With Measurements of Galactic Background Noise at L-Band  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with measurements made with several modern L-band remote sensing radiometers. The comparison validates the model and ocean salinity that are needed for understanding the hydrological cycle, ocean circu- lation, and energy surface salinity, which requires high radiometric accuracy (at L-band the sensitivity to salinity

Boyer, Edmond

282

7/3/2013 17/3/2013 1 Control Banding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.e. explosion or chemical release) In the 1980s the pharmaceutical industry attempted to stratify hazards(5):330346. #12;7/3/2013 77/3/2013 7 History of Control Banding In 1996 the pharmaceutical industry expanded #12;7/3/2013 87/3/2013 8 Control Banding Models PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY MODEL SMALL BUSINESS MODEL

Farritor, Shane

283

Complex vibrational correlation functions extracted from the resolved band of liquid acetonitrilem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that we choose (or construct) an appropriate theoretical model for the shapes of the constituent bands (often referred to as line shapes) that is based upon two factors. The Ðrst comprises the existing acetonitrile. A new approach for extracting all possible band shape details of highly overlapping spectral

Nerukh, Dmitry

284

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 85, 195405 (2012) Graphene on Ru(0001): Evidence for two graphene band structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 85, 195405 (2012) Graphene on Ru(0001): Evidence for two graphene band structures) High-resolution photoemission illustrates that the band structure of graphene on Ru(0001) exhibits a well- defined splitting. This splitting is largest with the graphene directly on the Ru(0001) substrate

Goodman, Wayne

285

Crossing of large multiquasiparticle magnetic-rotation bands in $^{198}$Bi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-spin states in the doubly-odd $^{198}$Bi nucleus have been studied by using the $^{185,187}$Re($^{16}$O, xn) reactions at the beam energy of 112.5 MeV. $\\gamma-\\gamma$ coincidence were measured by using the INGA array with 15 Compton suppressed clover HPGe detectors. The observed levels have been assigned definite spin-parity. The high spin structure is grouped into three bands (B1, B2 and B3), of which two (B1 and B2) exhibit the properties of magnetic rotation (MR). Tilted axis cranking calculations were carried out to explain the MR bands having large multi-quasiparticle configurations. The calculated results explain the bands B1 and B2 very nicely, confirming the shears mechanism and suggest a crossing of two MR bands in both the cases. The crossing is from 6-qp to 8-qp in band B1 and from 4-qp to 6-qp in band B2, a very rare finding. A semiclassical model has also been used to obtain the particle-hole interaction strengths for the bands B1 and B2, below the band crossing.

H. Pai; G. Mukherjee; S. Bhattacharyya; C. Bhattacharya; S. Bhattacharya; T. Bhattacharjee; S. K. Basu; S. Kundu; T. K. Ghosh; K. Banerjee; T. K. Rana; J. K. Meena; R. K. Bhowmik; R. P. Singh; S. Muralithar; S. Chanda; R. Garg; B. Maheshwari; D. Choudhury; A. K. Jain

2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

286

Calibration of Indoor UWB Sub-band Divided Ray Tracing Using Multiobjective Simulated Annealing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Sweden; 5 ICTEAM, Universit´e catholique de Louvain, Belgium Abstract--Sub-band divided ray tracing (RT) has been widely used to reproduce as reliably as possible the ultra-wideband (UWB) radio wave the accuracy of sub-band divided RT in terms of the power delay profile (PDP) and the root mean square (RMS

Zemen, Thomas

287

Light trapping design for low band-gap polymer solar cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Light trapping design for low band-gap polymer solar cells Stephen Foster1,* and Sajeev John1,2 1 demonstrate numerically a 2-D nanostructured design for light trapping in a low band-gap polymer solar cell, "Light harvesting improvement of organic solar cells with self- enhanced active layer designs," Opt

John, Sajeev

288

PLASTICITY OF DAMAGED SOLIDS AND SHEAR BAND LOCALIZATION MARIA K.DUSZEK and PIOTR PERZYNA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

694 PLASTICITY OF DAMAGED SOLIDS AND SHEAR BAND LOCALIZATION MARIA K.DUSZEK and PIOTR PERZYNA of shear band localization conditions for finite elastic-plastic rate independent deformations of damaged for elastic-plastic solids when iso- tropic and kinematic hardening effects and micro-damage process are taken

Boyer, Edmond

289

Iodine stabilization of a diode laser in the optical communication band  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Iodine stabilization of a diode laser in the optical communication band Hsiang-Chen Chui and Sen September 23, 2004 The iodine molecule has frequently been used as a frequency reference from the green provides a simple, compact, and high-performance frequency reference in the optical communication band

Shy,Jow-Tsong

290

Fractal Shear Bands at Elastic-Plastic Transitions in Random Mohr-Coulomb Materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fractal Shear Bands at Elastic-Plastic Transitions in Random Mohr-Coulomb Materials J. Li, A.M.ASCE1 ; and M. Ostoja-Starzewski, M.ASCE2 Abstract: This paper studies fractal patterns forming of plastic grains (i.e., a shear-band system) is always a monotonically growing fractal under increasing

Ostoja-Starzewski, Martin

291

Electronic structure of QD arrays: Application to intermediate-band solar cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

)Department of Chemistry, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK Abstract-Intermediate band solar cells (IBSC) have the thermodynamic efficiency limits of solar energy conversion. While tandem solar cells can the- oretically exceedNUSOD 2007 Electronic structure of QD arrays: Application to intermediate-band solar cells S

292

Active Slip Band Separation and the Energetics of Slip in Single Crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Active Slip Band Separation and the Energetics of Slip in Single Crystals Abstract This research supports recent efforts to provide an energetic ap- proach the formulation of new measures of the active slip-band separation and of the number of lattice cells

293

System and Circuit Design Techniques for Silicon-based Multi-band/Multi-standard Receivers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 C. Power Management Unit in Receivers . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 D. Summary of Challenges in Multi-Band/Multi-Standard Receivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 E. Objective of Dissertation.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4 Block diagram representation of a dual-band receiver using con- current architecture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 Block diagram of typical power management system. . . . . . . . . . 6 6 A multi...

El-Nozahi, Mohamed A.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

294

Defect-Band Emission Photoluminescence Imaging on Multi-Crystalline Si Solar Cells: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Defect-band photoluminescence (PL) imaging with an InGaAs camera was applied to multicrystalline silicon (mc-Si) wafers, which were taken from different heights of different Si bricks. Neighboring wafers were picked at six different processing steps, from as-cut to post-metallization. By using different cut-off filters, we were able to separate the band-to-band emission images from the defect-band emission images. On the defect-band emission images, the bright regions that originate from the grain boundaries and defect clusters were extracted from the PL images. The area fraction percentage of these regions at various processing stages shows a correlation with the final cell electrical parameters.

Yan, F.; Johnston, S.; Zaunbrecher, K.; Al-Jassim, M.; Sidelkheir, O.; Blosse, A.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Dilute Group III-V nitride intermediate band solar cells with contact blocking layers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An intermediate band solar cell (IBSC) is provided including a p-n junction based on dilute III-V nitride materials and a pair of contact blocking layers positioned on opposite surfaces of the p-n junction for electrically isolating the intermediate band of the p-n junction by blocking the charge transport in the intermediate band without affecting the electron and hole collection efficiency of the p-n junction, thereby increasing open circuit voltage (V.sub.OC) of the IBSC and increasing the photocurrent by utilizing the intermediate band to absorb photons with energy below the band gap of the absorber layers of the IBSC. Hence, the overall power conversion efficiency of a IBSC will be much higher than an conventional single junction solar cell. The p-n junction absorber layers of the IBSC may further have compositionally graded nitrogen concentrations to provide an electric field for more efficient charge collection.

Walukiewicz, Wladyslaw (Kensington, CA); Yu, Kin Man (Lafayette, CA)

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

296

The Intermediate-band Dropout Method: A New Method to Search for High-Redshift Galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a new method to search for high-redshift galaxies that is based on an intermediate-band dropout technique rather than the usual broad-band dropout one. In this method, we use an intermediate-band filter whose central wavelength is longer than 7000 \\AA. This new method makes it possible to distinguish both very late-type stars such as L and T dwarfs and dusty galaxies at intermediate redshift from real high-$z$ Lyman break galaxies. The reason for this is that such interlopers do not show strong intermediate-band depression although they have very red broad-band colors that are indicative of Lyman break galaxies. Applying our new method to imaging data sets obtained with the Suprime-Cam on the Subaru Telescope, we find a new sample of Lyman break galaxies at $z \\simeq 5$.

Shioya, Y; Ajiki, M; Nagao, T; Murayama, T; Sasaki, S; Sumiya, R; Hatakeyama, Y; Shioya, Yasuhiro; Taniguchi, Yoshiaki; Ajiki, Masaru; Nagao, Tohru; Murayama, Takashi; Sasaki, Shunji; Sumiya, Ryoko; Hatakeyama, Yuichiro

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

One-dimensional electromagnetic band gap structures formed by discharge plasmas in a waveguide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate the ability to develop one-dimensional electromagnetic band gap structure in X-band waveguide solely by using the positive columns of glow discharges in neon at the middle pressure. Plasma inhomogeneities are distributed uniformly along a typical X-band waveguide with cross section of 23??10?mm{sup 2}. It is shown that electron densities larger than 10{sup 14?}cm{sup ?3} are needed in order to create an effective one-dimensional electromagnetic band gap structure. Some applications for using the one-dimensional electromagnetic band gap structure in waveguide as a control of microwave (broadband filter and device for variation of pulse duration) are demonstrated.

Arkhipenko, V. I.; Simonchik, L. V., E-mail: l.simonchik@dragon.bas-net.by; Usachonak, M. S. [B.I. Stepanov Institute of Physics of the NAS of Belarus, Ave. Nezavisimostsi 68, 220072 Minsk (Belarus); Callegari, Th.; Sokoloff, J. [Universit de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, LAPLACE, Laboratoire Plasma et Conversion d'Energie, 118 route de Narbonne, F-31062 Toulouse cedex 9 (France)

2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

298

Effects of CO2 on H2O band profiles and band strengths in mixed H2O:CO2 ices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

H2O is the most abundant component of astrophysical ices. In most lines of sight it is not possible to fit both the H2O 3 um stretching, the 6 um bending and the 13 um libration band intensities with a single pure H2O spectrum. Recent Spitzer observations have revealed CO2 ice in high abundances and it has been suggested that CO2 mixed into H2O ice can affect relative strengths of the 3 um and 6 um bands. We used laboratory infrared transmission spectroscopy of H2O:CO2 ice mixtures to investigate the effects of CO2 on H2O ice spectral features at 15-135 K. We find that the H2O peak profiles and band strengths are significantly different in H2O:CO2 ice mixtures compared to pure H2O ice. In all H2O:CO2 mixtures, a strong free-OH stretching band appears around 2.73 um, which can be used to put an upper limit on the CO2 concentration in the H2O ice. The H2O bending mode profile also changes drastically with CO2 concentration; the broad pure H2O band gives way to two narrow bands as the CO2 concentration is increased. This makes it crucial to constrain the environment of H2O ice to enable correct assignments of other species contributing to the interstellar 6 um absorption band. The amount of CO2 present in the H2O ice of B5:IRS1 is estimated by simultaneously comparing the H2O stretching and bending regions and the CO2 bending mode to laboratory spectra of H2O, CO2, H2O:CO2 and HCOOH.

Karin I. Oberg; Helen J. Fraser; A. C. Adwin Boogert; Suzanne E. Bisschop; Guido W. Fuchs; Ewine F. van Dishoeck; Harold Linnartz

2006-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

299

A Generalized {ital K} Correction for Type Ia Supernovae: Comparing {ital R}-band Photometry Beyond {ital z=9.2} with B,V, and {ital R}-band Nearby Photometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

spectroscopically peculiar supernovae, and to search for anyK Correction for Type Ia Supernovae: Comparing R-bandK Correction for Type Ia Supernovae: Comparing R-band

Goodbar, Ariel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Investigation of shear-banding mechanism in fully dense nanocrystalline Ni sheet  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Evolution of shear banding in fully dense electrodeposited nanocrystalline Ni was successfully monitored by using a digital image correlation technique under a quasi-static uniaxial tensile load. To investigate the microscopic physical mechanism of the shear banding, in-situ tensile testing for the nanocrystalline Ni sample was conducted in a transmission electron microscope and fracture surface of the sample was examined by field emission scanning electron microscope. The results suggest that grain boundary migration based on atomic diffusion is a main carrier of the shear banding.

Zhu Rongtao [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210009 (China); Zhou Jianqiu, E-mail: zhouj@njut.edu.cn [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210009 (China); Li Xinbo; Jiang Hua; Ling Xiang [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210009 (China)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agua caliente band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Emergence of rotational bands in ab initio no-core configuration interaction calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rotational bands have been observed to emerge in ab initio no-core configuration interaction (NCCI) calculations for p-shell nuclei, as evidenced by rotational patterns for excitation energies, electromagnetic moments, and electromagnetic transitions. We investigate the ab initio emergence of nuclear rotation in the Be isotopes, focusing on 9Be for illustration, and make use of basis extrapolation methods to obtain ab initio predictions of rotational band parameters for comparison with experiment. We find robust signatures for rotational motion, which reproduce both qualitative and quantitative features of the experimentally observed bands.

M. A. Caprio; P. Maris; J. P. Vary; R. Smith

2015-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

302

Band Offsets at the Epitaxial Anatase TiO2/n-SrTiO3(001) Interface...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to measure valence band offsets at the epitaxial anatase TiO2(002)n-SrTiO3(001) heterojunction prepared by molecular beam epitaxy, Within experimental error, the valance band...

303

Band structure engineering through orbital interaction for enhanced thermoelectric power factor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Band structure engineering for specific electronic or optical properties is essential for the further development of many important technologies including thermoelectrics, optoelectronics, and microelectronics. In this work, we report orbital interaction as a powerful tool to finetune the band structure and the transport properties of charge carriers in bulk crystalline semiconductors. The proposed mechanism of orbital interaction on band structure is demonstrated for IV-VI thermoelectric semiconductors. For IV-VI materials, we find that the convergence of multiple carrier pockets not only displays a strong correlation with the s-p and spin-orbit coupling but also coincides with the enhancement of power factor. Our results suggest a useful path to engineer the band structure and an enticing solid-solution design principle to enhance thermoelectric performance.

Zhu, Hong; Sun, Wenhao; Ceder, Gerbrand [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Armiento, Rickard [Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linkping University, SE-58183 Linkping (Sweden); Lazic, Predrag [Theoretical Physics Division, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Bijenicka Cesta 54, Zagreb (Croatia)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

304

Distributed Compressive Wide-Band Spectrum Ying Wang , Ashish Pandharipande , Yvan Lamelas Polo and Geert Leus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed Compressive Wide-Band Spectrum Sensing Ying Wang , Ashish Pandharipande , Yvan Lamelas, The Netherlands Email: {ying.z.wang, ashish.p}@philips.com Faculty of EEMCS, Delft University of Technology

Leus, Geert

305

Band Alignment, Built-In Potential, and the Absence of Conductivity...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Built-In Potential, and the Absence of Conductivity at the LaCrO3SrTiO3(001) Heterojunction. Band Alignment, Built-In Potential, and the Absence of Conductivity at the...

306

Raman excitation profile of the G band in single-chirality carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present in this work measurements of the Raman excitation profile of the high-energy phonons (G band) in single-chirality (n,m) semiconducting single-wall carbon nanotubes using more than 70 laser excitation energies, ...

Moura, L. G.

307

G? band in double- and triple-walled carbon nanotubes: A Raman study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Double- and triple-walled carbon nanotubes are studied in detail by laser energy-dependent Raman spectroscopy in order to get a deeper understanding about the second-order G[superscript '] band Raman process, general ...

Hirschmann, Thomas Ch.

308

E-Print Network 3.0 - archean banded iron Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

, 1900 (2007);317Science Summary: or breccia and deepens upwards to either pelagic shale or banded iron-formation (Fig. 1). The succession has... insofar as sediments are...

309

Formation of bands and ridges on Europa by cyclic deformation: Insights from analogue wax experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, California, USA Antoine Sinton Departement des Sciences de la Matiere, Ecole Normale Superieure, Lyon, France); KEYWORDS: Europa, ridges, tidal deformation Citation: Manga, M., and A. Sinton (2004), Formation of bands

Manga, Michael

310

GaNAsP: An intermediate band semiconductor grown by gas-source molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dilute nitride GaNAsP thin films were grown via a GaAsP metamorphic buffer on GaP(100) substrate with gas-source molecular beam epitaxy. The compositions of this III-V-V-V compound were determined by channeling Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy and nuclear reaction analysis. Photoreflectance shows two distinctive transitions from the valence band to the split conduction bands due to N incorporation. Photoluminescence and optical absorption show the fundamental bandgap of Ga(N)AsP is largely tailored by the small amount of N. The observed multiband characteristics and the bandgap tunability of GaNAsP are two merits that fit into the intermediate-band solar cell roadmap, and GaNAsP of high crystal quality provides a strong candidate for intermediate band solar cell materials.

Kuang, Y. J. [Department of Physics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States); Yu, K. M.; Walukiewicz, W. [Electronic Materials Program, Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Electronic Materials Program, Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Kudrawiec, R. [Electronic Materials Program, Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States) [Electronic Materials Program, Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Institute of Physics, Wroclaw University of Technology, Wybrzeze, Wyspianskiego 27, 50-370 Wroclaw (Poland); Luce, A. V. [Electronic Materials Program, Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States) [Electronic Materials Program, Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Ting, M. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Tu, C. W. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States)] [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States)

2013-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

311

A CLARINETIST'S GUIDE TO THE AUDITION PROCESS AND LITERATURE FOR THE PREMIER UNITED STATES SERVICE BANDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The eight premier United States service bands provide numerous job opportunities for the prospective professional musician and offer financial stability, job security, and an outlet to perform at a superior level in a ...

Nichols, Christopher R.

2011-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

312

Shear Banding and Spatiotemporal Oscillations in Vortex Matter in Nanostructured Superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a simple nanostructured pinning array geometry where a rich variety of complex vortex shear banding phenomena can be realized. A single row of pinning sites is removed from a square pinning array. Shear banding effects arise when vortex motion in the pin-free channel nucleates motion of vortices in the surrounding pinned regions, creating discrete steps in the vortex velocity profile away from the channel. Near the global depinning transition, the width of the band of moving vortices undergoes oscillations or fluctuations that can span the entire system. We use simulations to show that these effects should be observable in the transport properties of the system. Similar large oscillations and shear banding effects are known to occur for sheared complex fluids in which different dynamical phases coexist.

C. Reichhardt; C. J. Olson Reichhardt

2009-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

313

Field measurements of a swell band, shore normal, flux divergence reversal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Throughout this thesis we will discuss the theoretical background and empirical observation of a swell band shore normal flux divergence reversal. Specifically, we will demonstrate the existence and persistence of the ...

Link, Shmuel G

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Zone folding effect in Raman G-band intensity of twisted bilayer graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The G-band Raman intensity is calculated for twisted bilayer graphene as a function of laser excitation energy based on the extended tight binding method. Here we explicitly consider the electron-photon and electron-phonon ...

Dresselhaus, Mildred

315

Discussion on Ohta et al., "Traveling bands in self-propelled soft particles"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A discussion on the contribution of Ohta and Yamanaka in this special issue, supplemented by new agent-based simulations of band collisions within the standard Vicsek-model.

Thomas Ihle; Yen-Liang Chou

2014-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

316

Ultra-High Gradient Compact S-Band Linac for Laboratory and Industrial Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is growing demand from the industrial and research communities for high gradient, compact RF accelerating structures. The commonly used S-band SLAC-type structure has an operating gradient of only about 20 MV/m; while much higher operating gradients (up to 70 MV/m) have been recently achieved in X-band, as a consequence of the substantial efforts by the Next Linear Collider (NLC) collaboration to push the performance envelope of RF structures towards higher accelerating gradients. Currently however, high power X-band RF sources are not readily available for industrial applications. Therefore, RadiaBeam Technologies is developing a short, standing wave S-band structure which uses frequency scaled NLC design concepts to achieve up to a 50 MV/m operating gradient at 2856 MHz. The design and prototype commissioning plans are presented.

Faillace, Luigi; /RadiaBeam Tech.; Agustsson, Ronald; /RadiaBeam Tech.; Frigola, Pedro; /RadiaBeam Tech.; Murokh, Alex; /RadiaBeam Tech.; Dolgashev, Valery; /SLAC; Rosenzweig, James; /UCLA

2012-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

317

F. J. Wild A. C. Jones A. W. Tudhope Investigation of luminescent banding in solid coral  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REPORT F. J. Wild á A. C. Jones á A. W. Tudhope Investigation of luminescent banding in solid coral-Verlag 2000 F. J. Wild á A. C. Jones (&) Department of Chemistry, The University of Edinburgh, King

318

Dual-band beam scanning reflectarrays and novel wideband and polarization diversified planar antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The reflectarray antenna has been considered as a suitable candidate to replace the traditional parabolic reflectors because of its high-gain and low-profile features. Beam scanning capability and multi-band operation are the current trends...

Hsu, Shih-Hsun

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

319

Tunable frequency band-gap and pulse propagation in a strongly nonlinear diatomic chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One-dimensional nonlinear phononic crystals have been assembled from periodic diatomic chains of stainless steel cylinders alternated with Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) spheres. We report the presence of acoustic band gaps in the dispersion relation of the linearized systems and study the transformation of single and multiple pulses in linear, nonlinear and strongly nonlinear regimes with numerical calculations and experiments. The limiting frequencies of the band gap are within the audible frequency range (20-20,000 Hz) and can be tuned by varying the particle's material properties, mass and initial compression. Pulses rapidly transform within very short distances from the impacted end due to the influence of the band gap in the linear and in nonlinear elastic chains. The effects of an in situ band gap created by a mean dynamic compression are observed in the strongly nonlinear wave regime.

E. B. Herbold; J. Kim; V. F. Nesterenko; S. Wang; C. Daraio

2008-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

320

Identification of a quasiparticle band in very neutron-rich {sup 104}Zr  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The high spin levels of a very neutron-rich {sup 104}Zr nucleus have been reinvestigated by measuring the prompt {gamma} rays in the spontaneous fission of {sup 252}Cf. The ground-state band has been confirmed. A new sideband has been identified with a band-head energy at 1928.7 keV. The projected shell model is employed to investigate the band structure of {sup 104}Zr. The results of calculated levels are in good agreement with the experimental data, and suggest that the new band in {sup 104}Zr may be based on the neutron {nu}5/2{sup -}[532] x {nu}3/2{sup +}[411] configuration.

Yeoh, E. Y.; Wang, J. G.; Ding, H. B.; Gu, L.; Xu, Q.; Xiao, Z. G. [Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Zhu, S. J. [Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Department of Physics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235 (United States); Hamilton, J. H.; Ramayya, A. V.; Hwang, J. K.; Liu, S. H. [Department of Physics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235 (United States); Liu, Y. X. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); School of Science, Huzhou Teachers College, Huzhou 313000 (China); Sun, Y. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Luo, Y. X. [Department of Physics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235 (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Rasmussen, J. O.; Lee, I. Y. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agua caliente band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

On the K{sup {pi}} = 0{sup +} rotational bands in the {sup 178}Hf nucleus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results obtained by studying the angular distributions of gamma rays with respect to the neutron-beam axis in the reaction {sup 178}Hf(n, n'{gamma}) involving the deexcitation of the K{sup {pi}} = 0{sup +} rotational bands of {sup 178}Hf are presented.New information about themultipole-mixing parameter {delta} in gamma transitions from the levels of these bands is obtained. The K{sup {pi}} = 0{sub 4}{sup +} band is constructed anew. The relationship between the parameter {delta} for the (2{sup +}0{sub n}-2{sup +}0{sub 1}) gamma transition and the energy gap {Delta}{sub n} = E{sub lev}(2{sup +}0{sub n}) - E{sub lev}(0{sup +}0{sub n}), on one hand, and the quasiparticle structure of the rotational band, on the other hand, is discussed for {sup 178}Hf on the basis of the quasiparticle-phonon model.

Govor, L. I.; Demidov, A. M.; Kurkin, V. A., E-mail: kurkin@polyn.kiae.su; Mikhailov, I. V. [Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

322

Intrinsic electron and hole bands in electron-doped cuprate superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose that the upper Hubbard band (electron-like) and the Zhang-Rice singlet band (holelike) are two essential components in describing low-energy excitations of electron-doped cuprate superconductors. We find that the gap between these two bands is significantly smaller than the charge-transfer gap measured by optics and is further reduced upon doping. This indicates that the charge fluctuation is strong and the system is in the intermediate correlation regime. A two-band model is derived. In the limit that the intraband and interband hopping integrals are equal to each other, this model is equivalent to the unconstrained t-J model with on-site Coulomb repulsions.

Xiang, T.

2010-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

323

Criterion for purely elastic Taylor-Couette instability in the flows of shear-banding fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the past twenty years, shear-banding flows have been probed by various techniques, such as rheometry, velocimetry and flow birefringence. In micellar solutions, many of the data collected exhibit unexplained spatio-temporal ...

Fardin, M. A.

324

Calculation of wakefields in a 17 GHz beam-driven photonic band-gap accelerator structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the theoretical analysis and computer simulation of the wakefields in a 17 GHz photonic band-gap (PBG) structure for accelerator applications. Using the commercial code CST Particle Studio, the fundamental ...

Hu, Min

325

Failure in shear bands for granular materials: thermo-hydro-chemo-mechanical effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Failure in shear bands for granular materials: thermo-hydro-chemo- mechanical effects M. VEVEAKIS depends on the chemical reaction characteristics and that micro-inertia due to grain translations

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

326

Femtosecond-scale x-ray FEL diagnostics with an X-band transverse...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Femtosecond-scale x-ray FEL diagnostics with an X-band transverse deflector Wednesday, October 22, 2014 - 3:00pm SLAC, Redtail Hawk Conference Room 108A Speaker: Tim Maxwell,...

327

arecibo l-band feed: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Galactic studies with the Arecibo L-band Feed Array (ALFA) is conducting a neutral hydrogen (HI) survey of the whole Arecibo sky (declination range from -1 to 38 degrees), with...

328

Narrow-Band Absorption-Enhanced Quantum Dot/J-Aggregate Conjugates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report narrow-band absorption enhancement of semiconductor nanocrystals via Frster resonance energy transfer from cyanine J-aggregates. These J-aggregated dyes associate electrostatically with short quantum-dot (QD) ...

Walker, Brian J.

329

OPTIMIZATION OF GRADED BAND GAP CdHgTe SOLAR CELLS A. BOUAZZI (*), Y. MARFAING and J. MIMILA-ARROYO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

145 OPTIMIZATION OF GRADED BAND GAP CdHgTe SOLAR CELLS A. BOUAZZI (*), Y. MARFAING and J. MIMILA and an n-type CdHgTe alloy of uniform band gap as the base region. The optimization of solar energy conversion is conducted with respect to two constitutive para- meters : the gradient of the band gap

Boyer, Edmond

330

Solar DEM Models : A solar image in color band b, mn pixels,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar DEM Models : A solar image in color band b, m?n pixels, containing a particular solar feature, for t = 1, 2, . . . , T. btM sianFieldRandomGaus I M I I bbb T t bbtt bbb bb 2 1 2 )( #12;Solar DEM.bI : the measure error of the ith row and jth column pixel of the certain image in color band b. ijbe #12;Solar DEM

Wolfe, Patrick J.

331

A high-resolution, four-band SAR testbed with real-time image formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the Twin-Otter SAR Testbed developed at Sandia National Laboratories. This SAR is a flexible, adaptable testbed capable of operation on four frequency bands: Ka, Ku, X, and VHF/UHF bands. The SAR features real-time image formation at fine resolution in spotlight and stripmap modes. High-quality images are formed in real time using the overlapped subaperture (OSA) image-formation and phase gradient autofocus (PGA) algorithms.

Walker, B.; Sander, G.; Thompson, M.; Burns, B.; Fellerhoff, R.; Dubbert, D.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Thermophotovoltaic conversion using selective infrared line emitters and large band gap photovoltaic devices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Efficient thermophotovoltaic conversion can be performed using photovoltaic devices with a band gap in the 0.75-1.4 electron volt range, and selective infrared emitters chosen from among the rare earth oxides which are thermally stimulated to emit infrared radiation whose energy very largely corresponds to the aforementioned band gap. It is possible to use thermovoltaic devices operating at relatively high temperatures, up to about 300.degree. C., without seriously impairing the efficiency of energy conversion.

Brandhorst, Jr., Henry W. (Auburn, AL); Chen, Zheng (Auburn, AL)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Separation of 23 Cynodon turf-type cultivars using electrophoretic banding patterns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

s was developed. Four different starch gel recipes were used in order to reveal the banding patterns of six isoenzymes. Based on qualitative differences in the banding patterns of six 1soenzymes, the 23 cultivars investigated in this study could be separated... . Gel Construction and Electrophoresis. Protein Extraction. Electrophoresis Gel Staining. Acrylamide Gel Electrophoresis Assessment RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Aconi tase . Alcohol Dehydrogenase Phosphoglucomutase. Phospho Glucoseisomerase. Shikimic...

Vermeulen, Paul Henri

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Parametric representation of wave propagation in nonuniform media (both in transmission and stop bands)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An analytical approach based on the parametric representation of the wave propagation in nonuniform media was considered. In addition to the previously developed theory of parametric antiresonance describing the field attenuation in stop bands, in the present paper the behaviour of the Bloch wave in a transmission band was investigated. A wide class of exact solutions was found and the correspondence to the quasi-periodic Floquet solutions was shown.

A. Popov; V. Kovalchuk

2011-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

335

{gamma}-Spectroscopy of Positive Parity Bands In The {sup 156}Gd Nucleus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During an experiment at Jyvaeskylae laboratory involving a 27 MeV {alpha} beam on a thick {sup 154}Sm target, {gamma}-spectroscopy of {sup 156}Gd was performed using JUROGAM HPGe multidetector array. We will present here experimental results concerning positive parity bands of this nucleus. Level scheme was enriched with more than ten new transitions as well as a new level in a band observed recently.

Vancraeyenest, A.; Guinet, D.; Stezowski, O.; Doan, Q. T.; Redon, N. [Universite de Lyon, Universite Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Institut de Physique Nucleaire de Lyon, Villeurbanne (France); Curien, D.; Dudek, J. [IPHC-DRS, ULP, IN2P3-CNRS, 67037 Strasbourg (France); Greenlees, P. T.; Jones, P. [Department of Physics, University of Jyvaeskylae, 40014 Jyvaeskylae (Finland)

2011-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

336

Negative band gap bowing in epitaxial InAsGaAs alloys and predicted band offsets of the strained binaries and alloys on various substrates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401 Received 21 December 2001; accepted for publication 26 as an adjustable parameter along with other quantities when measured interband transition energies are fit which relates transition-atom defect levels to an absolute energy reference to infer approximate band

Hart, Gus

337

Band gap structure modification of amorphous anodic Al oxide film by Ti-alloying  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The band structure of pure and Ti-alloyed anodic aluminum oxide has been examined as a function of Ti concentration varying from 2 to 20 at.?%. The band gap energy of Ti-alloyed anodic Al oxide decreases with increasing Ti concentration. X-ray absorption spectroscopy reveals that Ti atoms are not located in a TiO{sub 2} unit in the oxide layer, but rather in a mixed Ti-Al oxide layer. The optical band gap energy of the anodic oxide layers was determined by vacuum ultraviolet spectroscopy in the energy range from 4.1 to 9.2?eV (300135?nm). The results indicate that amorphous anodic Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} has a direct band gap of 7.3?eV, which is about ?1.4?eV lower than its crystalline counterpart (single-crystal Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}). Upon Ti-alloying, extra bands appear within the band gap of amorphous Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, mainly caused by Ti 3d orbitals localized at the Ti site.

Canulescu, S., E-mail: stec@fotonik.dtu.dk; Schou, J. [Department of Photonics Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, 4000 Roskilde (Denmark); Rechendorff, K.; Pleth Nielsen, L. [Danish Technological Institute, Kongsvang Alle 29, 8000 Aarhus (Denmark); Borca, C. N. [Paul Scherrer Institute, 5232 Villigen (Switzerland); Jones, N. C.; Hoffmann, S. V. [ISA, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus (Denmark); Bordo, K.; Ambat, R. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, 2800 Kongens Lyngby (Denmark)

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

338

Band gap engineering for graphene by using Na{sup +} ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite the noble electronic properties of graphene, its industrial application has been hindered mainly by the absence of a stable means of producing a band gap at the Dirac point (DP). We report a new route to open a band gap (E{sub g}) at DP in a controlled way by depositing positively charged Na{sup +} ions on single layer graphene formed on 6H-SiC(0001) surface. The doping of low energy Na{sup +} ions is found to deplete the ?* band of graphene above the DP, and simultaneously shift the DP downward away from Fermi energy indicating the opening of E{sub g}. The band gap increases with increasing Na{sup +} coverage with a maximum E{sub g}?0.70?eV. Our core-level data, C 1s, Na 2p, and Si 2p, consistently suggest that Na{sup +} ions do not intercalate through graphene, but produce a significant charge asymmetry among the carbon atoms of graphene to cause the opening of a band gap. We thus provide a reliable way of producing and tuning the band gap of graphene by using Na{sup +} ions, which may play a vital role in utilizing graphene in future nano-electronic devices.

Sung, S. J.; Lee, P. R.; Kim, J. G.; Ryu, M. T.; Park, H. M.; Chung, J. W., E-mail: jwc@postech.ac.kr [Department of Physics, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

339

Valence band structure of the icosahedral Ag-In-Yb quasicrystal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The valence band structure of the icosahedral (i) Ag-In-Yb quasicrystal, which is isostructural to the binary i-Cd-Yb system, is investigated by ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy (UPS). Experimental results are compared with electronic-structure calculations of a cubic approximant of the same phase. UPS spectra from the fivefold, threefold, and twofold i-Ag-In-Yb surfaces reveal that the valence band near to the Fermi level is dominated by Yb 4f-derived states, in agreement with calculations. The spectra also exhibit peaks which are surface core level shifted, caused by changes in the electronic structure in surface layers. Calculations yield a pseudogap in the density of states due to a hybridization of the Yb 5d band with the Ag 5p and In 5p bands. Both experimental and calculated band features are very similar to those of Cd-Yb. The modification of the band structure after surface treatment by sputtering and by oxidation is also studied. Additionally, the work function of i-Ag-In-Yb measured from the width of UPS spectrum is found to be almost unaffected by surface orientation, but increases after sputtering or oxidation.

Sharma, H. R.; Simutis, G.; Dhanak, V. R.; Nugent, P. J.; McGrath, R. [Surface Science Research Centre and Department of Physics, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3BX (United Kingdom); Cui, C. [Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Shimoda, M. [National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan); Tsai, A. P. [Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan); Ishii, Y. [Department of Physics, Chuo University, Kasuga, Tokyo 112-8551 (Japan)

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Geology of the platanares geothermal site, Departamento de Copan, Honduras, Central America. Field report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Platanares is located 16 km west of Santa Rosa de Copan, Honduras, along the Quebrada del Agua Caliente. The thermal manifestations are along faults in tuffs, tuffaceous sedimentary rocks, and lavas of the Padre Miguel Group. These tuffs are silicified near the faults, are fractured, and may provide the fracture permeability necessary for the hydrothermal system. Tuffs are overlain by a wedge of terrace gravels up to 60 m thick. Quaternary conglomerates of the Quebrada del Agua Caliente are cemented by silica sinter. The Platanares area contains numerous faults, all of which appear to be extensional. There are four groups of faults (N80/sup 0/E to N70/sup 0/W, N30/sup 0/ to 60/sup 0/W, N40/sup 0/ to 65/sup 0/E, and N00/sup 0/ to 05/sup 0/W). All hot springs at this site are located along faults that trend mostly northwest and north. Twenty-eight spring groups were described over an area of 0.2 km/sup 2/; half were boiling. Based on surface temperatures and flow rates, between 0.7 and 1.0 MW thermal energy is estimated for the area. The increased temperature of the stream flowing through the thermal area indicates that several megawatts of thermal energy are being added to the stream. We recommend that a dipole-dipole resistivity line be run along the Quebrada del Agua Caliente to identify zones of fracture permeability associated with buried faults and hot water reservoirs within those fault zones. A thermal gradient corehole should be drilled at Platanares to test temperatures, lithologies, and permeability of the hydrothermal system.

Heiken, G.; Eppler, D.; Wohletz, K.; Flores, W.; Ramos, N.; Ritchie, A.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agua caliente band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Phase Angle Effects on 3-micron Absorption Band on Ceres: Implications for Dawn Mission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phase angle-induced spectral effects are important to characterize since they affect spectral band parameters such as band depth and band center, and therefore skew mineralogical interpretations of planetary bodies via reflectance spectroscopy. Dwarf planet (1) Ceres is the next target of NASA's Dawn mission, which is expected to arrive in March 2015. The visible and near-infrared mapping spectrometer (VIR) onboard Dawn has the spatial and spectral range to characterize the surface between 0.25-5.0 microns. Ceres has an absorption feature at 3.0 microns due to hydroxyl- and/or water-bearing minerals (e.g. Lebofsky et al. 1981, Rivkin et al. 2003). We analyzed phase angle-induced spectral effects on the 3-micron absorption band on Ceres using spectra measured with the long-wavelength cross-dispersed (LXD: 1.9-4.2 microns) mode of the SpeX spectrograph/imager at the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility (IRTF). Ceres LXD spectra were measured at different phase angles ranging from 0.7o to 22o. We found that the band...

Takir, Driss; Sanchez, Juan A; Corre, Lucille Le; Hardersen, Paul S; Nathues, Andreas

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Composition dependent valence band order in c-oriented wurtzite AlGaN layers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The valence band order of polar wurtzite aluminum gallium nitride (AlGaN) layers is analyzed for a dense series of samples, grown heteroepitaxially on sapphire substrates, covering the complete composition range. The excitonic transition energies, found by temperature dependent photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, were corrected to the unstrained state using input from X-ray diffraction. k?p theory yields a critical relative aluminum concentration x{sub c}=(0.090.05) for the crossing of the uppermost two valence bands for strain free material, shifting to higher values for compressively strained samples, as supported by polarization dependent PL. The analysis of the strain dependent valence band crossing reconciles the findings of other research groups, where sample strain was neglected. We found a bowing for the energy band gap to the valence band with ?{sub 9} symmetry of b{sub ?{sub 9}}=0.85eV, and propose a possible bowing for the crystal field energy of b{sub cf}=?0.12eV. A comparison of the light extraction efficiency perpendicular and parallel to the c axis of Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1-x}N/Al{sub y}Ga{sub 1-y}N quantum well structures is discussed for different compositions.

Neuschl, B., E-mail: benjamin.neuschl@uni-ulm.de; Helbing, J.; Knab, M.; Lauer, H.; Madel, M.; Thonke, K. [Institute of Quantum Matter / Semiconductor Physics Group, University of Ulm, Albert-Einstein-Allee 45, 89069 Ulm (Germany); Meisch, T.; Forghani, K.; Scholz, F. [Institute of Optoelectronics, University of Ulm, Albert-Einstein-Allee 45, 89069 Ulm (Germany); Feneberg, M. [Institut fr Experimentelle Physik, Otto-von-Guericke-Universitt Magdeburg, Universittsplatz 2, 39106 Magdeburg (Germany)

2014-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

343

Apparatus for producing a thin sample band in a microchannel system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention improves the performance of microchannel systems for chemical and biological synthesis and analysis by providing a method and apparatus for producing a thin band of a species sample. Thin sample bands improve the resolution of microchannel separation processes, as well as many other processes requiring precise control of sample size and volume. The new method comprises a series of steps in which a species sample is manipulated by controlled transport through a junction formed at the intersection of four or more channels. A sample is first inserted into the end of one of these channels in the vicinity of the junction. Next, this sample is thinned by transport across the junction one or more times. During these thinning steps, flow enters the junction through one of the channels and exists through those remaining, providing a divergent flow field that progressively stretches and thins the band with each traverse of the junction. The thickness of the resulting sample band may be smaller than the channel width. Moreover, the thickness of the band may be varied and controlled by altering the method alone, without modification to the channel or junction geometries. The invention is applicable to both electroosmotic and electrophoretic transport, to combined electrokinetic transport, and to some special cases in which bulk fluid transport is driven by pressure gradients. It is further applicable to channels that are open, filled with a gel or filled with a porous or granular material.

Griffiths, Stewart K. (Livermore, CA; , Nilson, Robert H. (Cardiff, CA)

2008-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

344

An Intermediate-band imaging survey for high-redshift Lyman Alpha Emitters: The Mahoroba-11  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results of our intermediate-band optical imaging survey for high-$z$ Ly$\\alpha$ emitters (LAEs) using the prime focus camera, Suprime-Cam, on the 8.2m Subaru Telescope. In our survey, we use eleven filters; four broad-band filters ($B$, $R_{\\rm c}$, $i^\\prime$, and $z^\\prime$) and seven intermediate-band filters covering from 500 nm to 720 nm; we call this imaging program as the Mahoroba-11. The seven intermediate-band filters are selected from the IA filter series that is the Suprime-Cam intermediate-band filter system whose spectral resolution is $R = 23$. Our survey has been made in a $34^\\prime \\times 27^\\prime$ sky area in the Subaru XMM Newton Deep Survey field. We have found 409 IA-excess objects that provide us a large photometric sample of strong emission-line objects. Applying the photometric redshift method to this sample, we obtained a new sample of 198 LAE candidates at $3 42.67$ between $z \\sim 3$ and 5.

Yamada, S F; Sumiya, R; Umeda, K; Shioya, Y; Ajiki, M; Nagao, T; Murayama, T; Taniguchi, Y; Yamada, Sanae F.; Sasaki, Shunji S.; Sumiya, Ryoko; Umeda, Kazuyoshi; Shioya, Yasuhiro; Ajiki, Masaru; Nagao, Tohru; Murayama, Takashi; Taniguchi, Yoshiaki

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Reading data stored in the state of metastable defects in silicon using band-band photoluminescence: Proof of concept and physical limits to the data storage density  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The state of bistable defects in crystalline silicon such as iron-boron pairs or the boron-oxygen defect can be changed at room temperature. In this letter, we experimentally demonstrate that the chemical state of a group of defects can be changed to represent a bit of information. The state can then be read without direct contact via the intensity of the emitted band-band photoluminescence signal of the group of defects, via their impact on the carrier lifetime. The theoretical limit of the information density is then computed. The information density is shown to be low for two-dimensional storage but significant for three-dimensional data storage. Finally, we compute the maximum storage capacity as a function of the lower limit of the photoluminescence detector sensitivity.

Rougieux, F. E.; Macdonald, D. [Research School of Engineering, College of Engineering and Computer Science, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia)

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

346

ARM - Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E): Multi-Frequency Profilers, S-band Radar (williams-s_band)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

This data was collected by the NOAA 449-MHz and 2.8-GHz profilers in support of the Department of Energy (DOE) and NASA sponsored Mid-latitude Continental Convective Cloud Experiment (MC3E). The profiling radars were deployed in Northern Oklahoma at the DOE Atmospheric Radiation Mission (ARM) Southern Great Plans (SGP) Central Facility from 22 April through 6 June 2011. NOAA deployed three instruments: a Parsivel disdrometer, a 2.8-GHz profiler, and a 449-MHz profiler. The parasivel provided surface estimates of the raindrop size distribution and is the reference used to absolutely calibrate the 2.8 GHz profiler. The 2.8-GHz profiler provided unattenuated reflectivity profiles of the precipitation. The 449-MHz profiler provided estimates of the vertical air motion during precipitation from near the surface to just below the freezing level. By using the combination of 2.8-GHz and 449-MHz profiler observations, vertical profiles of raindrop size distributions can be retrieved. The profilers are often reference by their frequency band: the 2.8-GHz profiler operates in the S-band and the 449-MHz profiler operates in the UHF band. The raw observations are available as well as calibrated spectra and moments. This document describes how the instruments were deployed, how the data was collected, and the format of the archived data.

Williams, Christopher

347

ARM - Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E): Multi-Frequency Profilers, S-band Radar (williams-s_band)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This data was collected by the NOAA 449-MHz and 2.8-GHz profilers in support of the Department of Energy (DOE) and NASA sponsored Mid-latitude Continental Convective Cloud Experiment (MC3E). The profiling radars were deployed in Northern Oklahoma at the DOE Atmospheric Radiation Mission (ARM) Southern Great Plans (SGP) Central Facility from 22 April through 6 June 2011. NOAA deployed three instruments: a Parsivel disdrometer, a 2.8-GHz profiler, and a 449-MHz profiler. The parasivel provided surface estimates of the raindrop size distribution and is the reference used to absolutely calibrate the 2.8 GHz profiler. The 2.8-GHz profiler provided unattenuated reflectivity profiles of the precipitation. The 449-MHz profiler provided estimates of the vertical air motion during precipitation from near the surface to just below the freezing level. By using the combination of 2.8-GHz and 449-MHz profiler observations, vertical profiles of raindrop size distributions can be retrieved. The profilers are often reference by their frequency band: the 2.8-GHz profiler operates in the S-band and the 449-MHz profiler operates in the UHF band. The raw observations are available as well as calibrated spectra and moments. This document describes how the instruments were deployed, how the data was collected, and the format of the archived data.

Williams, Christopher

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

348

Band offsets in HfO{sub 2}/InGaZnO{sub 4} heterojunctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The valence band discontinuity ({Delta}E{sub V}) of sputter deposited HfO{sub 2}/InZnGaO{sub 4} (IGZO) heterostructures was obtained from x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements. The HfO{sub 2} exhibited a bandgap of 6.07 eV from absorption measurements. A value of {Delta}E{sub V} = 0.48 {+-} 0.025 eV was obtained by using the Ga 2p{sub 3/2}, Zn 2p{sub 3/2}, and In 3d{sub 5/2} energy levels as references. This implies a conduction band offset {Delta}E{sub C} of 2.39 eV in HfO{sub 2}/InGaZnO{sub 4} heterostructures and a nested interface band alignment.

Cho, Hyun [Department of Nanomechatronics Engineering, Pusan National University, Gyeongnam 627-706 (Korea, Republic of); Douglas, E. A.; Gila, B. P.; Craciun, V.; Lambers, E. S.; Pearton, S. J. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Ren Fan [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)

2012-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

349

Criteria for shear banding in time-dependent flows of complex fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within a highly generalised theoretical framework for the flow properties of complex fluids, we study the onset of shear banding in the three most common time-dependent experimental protocols: step stress, step strain and shear startup. By means of a linear stability analysis we derive a fluid-universal criterion for the onset of banding, separately for each protocol, that depends only on the shape of the experimentally measured time-dependent rheological response function, independent of the constitutive law and internal state variables of the particular fluid in question. Our predictions thus have the same status, in these time-dependent flows, as the widely known criterion for banding in steady state (of negatively sloping shear stress vs. shear rate). We support them with simulations of the rolie-poly model of polymeric fluids, the soft glassy rheology model, and a fluidity model.

Robyn L. Moorcroft; Suzanne M. Fielding

2013-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

350

Band gap and electronic structure of MgSiN{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Density functional theory calculations and electron energy loss spectroscopy indicate that the electronic structure of ordered orthorhombic MgSiN{sub 2} is similar to that of wurtzite AlN. A band gap of 5.7?eV was calculated for both MgSiN{sub 2} (indirect) and AlN (direct) using the Heyd-Scuseria-Ernzerhof approximation. Correction with respect to the experimental room-temperature band gap of AlN indicates that the true band gap of MgSiN{sub 2} is 6.2?eV. MgSiN{sub 2} has an additional direct gap of 6.3?eV at the ? point.

Quirk, J. B., E-mail: james.quirk09@imperial.ac.uk; Rsander, M.; McGilvery, C. M.; Moram, M. A. [Department of Materials, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Palgrave, R. [Department of Chemistry, University College London, Gordon Street WC1H 0AJ (United Kingdom)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

351

Phenomenology and physical origin of shear-localization and shear-banding in complex fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review and compare the phenomenological aspects and physical origin of shear-localization and shear-banding in various material types, namely emulsions, suspensions, colloids, granular materials and micellar systems. It appears that shear-banding, which must be distinguished from the simple effect of coexisting static-flowing regions in yield stress fluids, occurs in the form of a progressive evolution of the local viscosity towards two significantly different values in two adjoining regions of the fluids in which the stress takes slightly different values. This suggests that from a global point of view shear-banding in these systems has a common physical origin: two physical phenomena (for example, in colloids, destructuration due to flow and restructuration due to aging) are in competition and, depending on the flow conditions, one of them becomes dominant and makes the system evolve in a specific direction.

Guillaume Ovarlez; Stphane Rodts; Xavier Chateau; Philippe Coussot

2010-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

352

Atomistic full-band simulations of monolayer MoS{sub 2} transistors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the transport properties of deeply scaled monolayer MoS{sub 2} n-channel metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs), using full-band ballistic quantum transport simulations, with an atomistic tight-binding Hamiltonian obtained from density functional theory. Our simulations suggest that monolayer MoS{sub 2} MOSFETs can provide near-ideal subthreshold slope, suppression of drain-induced barrier lowering, and gate-induced drain leakage. However, these full-band simulations exhibit limited transconductance. These ballistic simulations also exhibit negative differential resistance (NDR) in the output characteristics associated with the narrow width in energy of the lowest conduction band, but this NDR may be substantially reduced or eliminated by scattering in MoS{sub 2}.

Chang, Jiwon; Register, Leonard F.; Banerjee, Sanjay K. [Microelectronics Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78758 (United States)] [Microelectronics Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78758 (United States)

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

353

Method of manufacturing flexible metallic photonic band gap structures, and structures resulting therefrom  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of manufacturing a flexible metallic photonic band gap structure operable in the infrared region, comprises the steps of spinning on a first layer of dielectric on a GaAs substrate, imidizing this first layer of dielectric, forming a first metal pattern on this first layer of dielectric, spinning on and imidizing a second layer of dielectric, and then removing the GaAs substrate. This method results in a flexible metallic photonic band gap structure operable with various filter characteristics in the infrared region. This method may be used to construct multi-layer flexible metallic photonic band gap structures. Metal grid defects and dielectric separation layer thicknesses are adjusted to control filter parameters.

Gupta, Sandhya (Bloomington, MN); Tuttle, Gary L. (Ames, IA); Sigalas, Mihail (Ames, IA); McCalmont, Jonathan S. (Ames, IA); Ho, Kai-Ming (Ames, IA)

2001-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

354

Predicted band structures of III-V semiconductors in the wurtzite phase  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While non-nitride III-V semiconductors typically have a zinc-blende structure, they may also form wurtzite crystals under pressure or when grown as nanowhiskers. This makes electronic structure calculation difficult since the band structures of wurtzite III-V semiconductors are poorly characterized. We have calculated the electronic band structure for nine III-V semiconductors in the wurtzite phase using transferable empirical pseudopotentials including spin-orbit coupling. We find that all the materials have direct gaps. Our results differ significantly from earlier ab initio calculations, and where experimental results are available (InP, InAs, and GaAs) our calculated band gaps are in good agreement. We tabulate energies, effective masses, and linear and cubic Dresselhaus zero-field spin-splitting coefficients for the zone-center states. The large zero-field spin-splitting coefficients we find may facilitate the development of spin-based devices.

De, A.; Pryor, Craig E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Optical Science and Technology Center, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 (United States)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

355

Intermediate-band material based on GaAs quantum rings for solar cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The intermediate-band concept is invoked to explain the photoresponse spectra obtained for unbiased devices fabricated from GaAs quantum rings grown by a droplet epitaxy technique on lattice-matched Al{sub 0.3}Ga{sub 0.7}As barriers. The photoresponse spectra where measured at room temperature in the visible-near-infrared spectral range. The presence of the intermediate band in the device active region is confirmed by measuring the mid-infrared photoresponse, which is attributed to the intersubband transitions in the conduction band. The photocurrent was measured at room temperature and found to be about four orders of magnitude larger than the dark current in the voltage range of {+-} 4.0 V.

Wu Jiang; Shao Dali [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701 (United States); Li Zhenhua; Kunets, Vasyl P.; Wang Zhiming; Salamo, G. J. [Institute of Nanoscale Materials Science and Engineering, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701 (United States); Manasreh, M. O. [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701 (United States); Institute of Nanoscale Materials Science and Engineering, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701 (United States)

2009-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

356

Generation and recombination rates at ZnTe:O intermediate band states  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Carrier generation and recombination processes of ZnTeO thin films are studied by time-resolved photoluminescence, where carrier lifetimes at oxygen states and the conduction band are inferred to be >1??s and <100?ps, respectively. The radiative recombination coefficient for optical transitions from oxygen states to the valence band is extracted to be 1.210{sup ?10}?cm{sup 3}?sec{sup ?1} based on the excitation dependence of decay time constants. Rate equation analysis further suggests an increase in electron lifetime at the conduction band as oxygen states occupation is critical in achieving high conversion efficiency for solar cells based on multiphoton processes in these materials.

Wang, Weiming; Lin, Albert S.; Phillips, Jamie D.; Metzger, Wyatt K.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Chemical banding revealed by chemical etching in a cold-rolled metastable stainless steel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The current work describes the metallographic characterization of the initial microstructure of a cold rolled precipitation hardening semi-austenitic stainless steel (12Cr9Ni4Mo2Cu1Ti, in wt.%). The use of the Lichtenegger and Blch (LB) color etching solution has been shown to reveal not only the phases present in the microstructure, but also the existence of chemical banding along the rolling direction. The LB reagent has been found to color the microstructure in bands depending on what alloying elements have segregated to each band. Two-dimensional electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) maps have shown that Ni, Cu and Ti segregate together in the bands, while Cr has an opposite behavior. Mo has a mixed segregation behavior although much weaker than the other elements and more prompt to segregate like Ni does. A direct comparison of light optical micrographs with the EPMA maps of the same area of the microstructure has enable to establish a direct relationship between the alloying element band concentration and the resulting etching color contrast obtained with the LB reagent. Thermodynamic calculations predict that solidification in this steel takes place with ferrite as the primary phase. Equilibrium partitioning coefficient calculations seem to support the observed segregation patterns. - Highlights: A cold rolled metastable stainless steel has been characterized thoroughly. EPMA shows that Ni, Cu and Ti segregate together; Cr in an opposite way. LB color etching is sensitive to the segregation of these chemical elements. This chemical banding has been reduced by applying a homogenization heat treatment. Partitioning coefficient calculations agree with the observed segregation patterns.

Celada, C., E-mail: c.celada@cenim.csic.es [MATERALIA Research Group, Department of Physical Metallurgy, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Metalrgicas (CENIM-CSIC), Av. Gregorio del Amo 8, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Toda-Caraballo, I., E-mail: it247@cam.ac.uk [Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, Pembroke Street, Cambridge CB2 3QZ (United Kingdom); Kim, B., E-mail: bnk20@cam.ac.uk [Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, Pembroke Street, Cambridge CB2 3QZ (United Kingdom); San Martn, D., E-mail: dsm@cenim.csic.es [MATERALIA Research Group, Department of Physical Metallurgy, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Metalrgicas (CENIM-CSIC), Av. Gregorio del Amo 8, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

358

ATMOSPHERIC COMPOSITION OF WEAK G BAND STARS: CNO AND Li ABUNDANCES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We determined the chemical composition of a large sample of weak G band stars-a rare class of G and K giants of intermediate mass with unusual abundances of C, N, and Li. We have observed 24 weak G band stars with the 2.7 m Harlan J. Smith Telescope at the McDonald Observatory and derived spectroscopic abundances for C, N, O, and Li, as well as for selected elements from Na-Eu. The results show that the atmospheres of weak G band stars are highly contaminated with CN-cycle products. The C underabundance is about a factor of 20 larger than for normal giants and the {sup 12}C/{sup 13}C ratio approaches the CN-cycle equilibrium value. In addition to the striking CN-cycle signature the strong N overabundance may indicate the presence of partially ON-cycled material in the atmospheres of the weak G band stars. The exact mechanism responsible for the transport of the elements to the surface has yet to be identified but could be induced by rapid rotation of the main sequence progenitors of the stars. The unusually high Li abundances in some of the stars are an indicator for Li production by the Cameron-Fowler mechanism. A quantitative prediction of a weak G band star's Li abundance is complicated by the strong temperature sensitivity of the mechanism and its participants. In addition to the unusual abundances of CN-cycle elements and Li, we find an overabundance of Na that is in accordance with the NeNa chain running in parallel with the CN cycle. Apart from these peculiarities, the element abundances in a weak G band star's atmosphere are consistent with those of normal giants.

Adamczak, Jens; Lambert, David L., E-mail: adamczak@astro.as.utexas.edu [McDonald Observatory, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 (United States)

2013-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

359

A Minimal Two-band Model for the Superconducting Fe-pnictides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Following the discovery of the Fe-pnictide superconductors, LDA band structure calculations showed that the dominant contributions to the spectral weight near the Fermi energy came from the Fe 3d orbitals. The Fermi surface is characterized by two hole surfaces around the {Lambda} point and two electron surfaces around the M point of the 2 Fe/cell Brillouin zone. Here, we describe a 2-band model that reproduces the topology of the LDA Fermi surface and exhibits both ferromagnetic and q = ({pi}, 0) spin density wave (SDW) fluctuations. We argue that this minimal model contains the essential low energy physics of these materials.

Raghu, S.

2010-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

360

Measurement of wakefield suppression in a detuned x-band accelerator structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research is underway at SLAC to develop accelerator structures for a next generation linear collider. A full-scale prototype X-band structure has been built in which the dipole mode frequencies were detuned to suppress the long-range transverse wakefield by about two orders of magnitude. To verify that the detuning works as expected, a facility to measure the long-range wakefield, called the Accelerator Structure SETup, or ASSET, was constructed in the SLAC Linear Collider (SLC). This paper presents the results from the measurement of the prototype X-band structure with this facility.

Adolphsen, C.; Bane, K.; Higo, T.; Kubo, K.; Miller, R.; Ruth, R.; Thompson, K.; Wang, J.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agua caliente band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Direct measurements of band gap grading in polycrystalline CIGS solar cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present direct measurements of depth-resolved band gap variations of CuIn(1-x)Ga(x)Se2 thin-film solar cell absorbers. A new measurement technique combining parallel measurements of local thin-film interference and spectral photoluminescence was developed for this purpose. We find sample-dependent correlation parameters between measured band gap depth and composition profiles, and emphasize the importance of direct measurements. These results bring a quantitative insight into the electronic properties of the solar cells and open a new way to analyze parameters that determine the efficiency of solar cells.

M. P. Heinrich; Z-H. Zhang; Y. Zhang; O. Kiowski; M. Powalla; U. Lemmer; A. Slobodskyy

2010-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

362

Direct measurements of band gap grading in polycrystalline CIGS solar cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present direct measurements of depth-resolved band gap variations of CuIn(1-x)Ga(x)Se2 thin-film solar cell absorbers. A new measurement technique combining parallel measurements of local thin-film interference and spectral photoluminescence was developed for this purpose. We find sample-dependent correlation parameters between measured band gap depth and composition profiles, and emphasize the importance of direct measurements. These results bring a quantitative insight into the electronic properties of the solar cells and open a new way to analyze parameters that determine the efficiency of solar cells.

Heinrich, M P; Zhang, Y; Kiowski, O; Powalla, M; Lemmer, U; Slobodskyy, A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

L & M band infrared studies of V4332 Sagittarii - detection of the water-ice absorption band at 3.05 microns and the CO fundamental band in emission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L and M band observations of the nova-like variable V4332 Sgr are presented. Two significant results are obtained viz. the unusual detection of water ice at 3.05 microns and the fundamental band of 12CO at 4.67 microns in emission. The ice feature is a first detection in a nova-like variable while the CO emission is rarely seen in novae. These results, when considered together with other existing data, imply that V4332 Sgr could be a young object surrounded by a circumstellar disc containing gas, dust and ice. The reason for a nova-like outburst to occur in such a system is unclear. But since planets are believed to form in such disks, it appears plausible that the enigmatic outburst of V4332 Sgr could be due to a planetary infall. We also give a more reliable estimate for an epoch of dust formation around V4332 Sgr which appears to have taken place rather late in 1999 - nearly five years after its outburst.

Dipankar P. K. Banerjee; Watson P. Varricatt; Nagarhalli M. Ashok

2004-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

364

Solar DEM Model Proposal : A solar image in color band b, mn pixels,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar DEM Model Proposal : A solar image in color band b, m?n pixels, containing a particular solar 11 )( #12;Solar DEM Model Proposal : the volume (abundance?) of ion ii : the proportion of the total volume at temperature t t T t bitt I i ib MIE 11 )( #12;Solar Dataset · 15 Filters.txt files

Wolfe, Patrick J.

365

Monte Carlo Simulation of Radiation in Gases with a NarrowBand Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, France (\\Phi) now at the Institute of Energy and Power Plant Technology, TH Darmstadt, 64287 DarmstadtMonte Carlo Simulation of Radiation in Gases with a Narrow­Band Model and a Net is used for simulation of radiative heat transfers in non­gray gases. The proposed procedure is based

Dufresne, Jean-Louis

366

Photodiode-driven quantum-well modulators for C-band wavelength conversion and broadcasting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photodiode-driven quantum-well modulators for C-band wavelength conversion and broadcasting Hilmi-well modulators directly driven by monolithically-integrated photodiodes for polarization-integrated, surface-normal photodiodes (PD), as shown in Fig. 1(a) along with their corresponding circuit diagram

Miller, David A. B.

367

The effect of a multivalley energy band structure on the thermoelectric figure of merit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

value of the thermoelectric figure of merit Z than a similar material which has only a single valleyL-49 The effect of a multivalley energy band structure on the thermoelectric figure of merit D. M A comparison is drawn between the dimensionless thermoelectric figure of merit of a multivalleyed semiconductor

Boyer, Edmond

368

The Electrical and Band-Gap Properties of Amorphous Zinc-Indium-Tin Oxide Thin Films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MRSEC The Electrical and Band-Gap Properties of Amorphous Zinc-Indium-Tin Oxide Thin Films D Science & Engineering Center For zinc-indium-tin oxide (ZITO) films, grown by pulsed-laser deposition was replaced by substitution with zinc and tin in equal molar proportions (co-substitution). All ZITO films

Shahriar, Selim

369

On the propagation of a shear band in a steel tube  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Marchand and Duffy tested thin-walled steel tubes in a split Hopkinson torsion bar at a nominal strain-rate of approximately 1,600/s and could not determine conclusively whether a shear band initiating at a point in the tube propagated around the circumference in one direction or in both directions. They estimated the speed of propagation to be 520 m/s in the former case and 260 m/s in the latter. Here, the authors simulate their test numerically, and find that the shear band propagates in both directions around the circumference of the tube. When the tube is twisted at a nominal strain-rate of 5,000/s, the band speed varies from 180 m/s at the site of the initiation to approximately 1,000 m/s at the nearly diametrically opposite point. The band speed increases with an increase in the nominal strain-rate. The material defect is modeled by assuming that a small region near the center of the tubular surface is made of a material weaker than that of the rest of the tube.

Batra, R.C.; Zhang, X. (Univ. of Missouri, Rolla, MO (United States))

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

A DDS and PLL-based X-band FMCW Radar System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as level meter of liquid tanks, collision avoidance, and other short range measurement applications [1A DDS and PLL-based X-band FMCW Radar System Yun-Taek Im, Jee-Hoon Lee, and Seong-Ook Park source, and the PLL is controlled by it. The bandwidth and the sweep time of the FMCW radar system

Park, Seong-Ook

371

Study of transmission line attenuation in broad band millimeter wave frequency range  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Broad band millimeter wave transmission lines are used in fusion plasma diagnostics such as electron cyclotron emission (ECE), electron cyclotron absorption, reflectometry and interferometry systems. In particular, the ECE diagnostic for ITER will require efficient transmission over an ultra wide band, 100 to 1000 GHz. A circular corrugated waveguide transmission line is a prospective candidate to transmit such wide band with low attenuation. To evaluate this system, experiments of transmission line attenuation were performed and compared with theoretical loss calculations. A millimeter wave Michelson interferometer and a liquid nitrogen black body source are used to perform all the experiments. Atmospheric water vapor lines and continuum absorption within this band are reported. Ohmic attenuation in corrugated waveguide is very low; however, there is Bragg scattering and higher order mode conversion that can cause significant attenuation in this transmission line. The attenuation due to miter bends, gaps, joints, and curvature are estimated. The measured attenuation of 15 m length with seven miter bends and eighteen joints is 1 dB at low frequency (300 GHz) and 10 dB at high frequency (900 GHz), respectively.

Pandya, Hitesh Kumar B. [ITER-India, IPR, Gandhinagar, Gujarat (India)] [ITER-India, IPR, Gandhinagar, Gujarat (India); Austin, M. E. [Institute for Fusion Studies, the University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas (United States)] [Institute for Fusion Studies, the University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas (United States); Ellis, R. F. [Laboratory for Plasma and Fusion Energy Studies, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)] [Laboratory for Plasma and Fusion Energy Studies, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

372

Goncu, JASA-EL Exploiting pattern transformation to tune phononic band  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.05 103 kg/m3 , Young's modulus Er = 360 kPa, shear modulus Gr = 120 kPa and longitudinal speed of sound . The attenuation of electromagnetic, acoustic or elastic waves in certain frequency ranges known as band gaps numerically the propagation of elastic waves in a 2D bi-disperse granular crystal composed of large (and soft

Luding, Stefan

373

Electronic band structure of isolated and bundled carbon nanotubes S. Reich and C. Thomsen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for nanotubes with larger diameters 1­1.5 nm a shift of the energy levels of 100 meV is obtained in our abElectronic band structure of isolated and bundled carbon nanotubes S. Reich and C. Thomsen Institut in chiral and achiral isolated nanotubes as well as in carbon nanotube bundles. The curvature

Nabben, Reinhard

374

Shear-band structure in ballistically tested carbide-free bainitic steels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shear-band structure in ballistically tested carbide-free bainitic steels L. C. D. Fieldinga , H. K recently been commercialised, with the steel structure consisting of carbide-free, nanostructured bainitic of the carbide-free mixtures of bainitic ferrite and retained austenite. It is with this in mind that bainitic

Cambridge, University of

375

Sea ice extent mapping using Ku band scatterometer data Quinn P. Remund and David G. Long  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sea ice extent mapping using Ku band scatterometer data Quinn P. Remund and David G. Long enhancement techniques can be used to increase the utility of scatterometer data in monitoring sea-ice extent is the incidence angle dependence of o . Dual-polarization A and B parameters are used to identify sea ice

Long, David G.

376

PHYSICAL NATURE OF SHEAR BANDS FORMATION AND CONSTITUTIVE MODELLING FOR PLASTIC INSTABILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

697 PHYSICAL NATURE OF SHEAR BANDS FORMATION AND CONSTITUTIVE MODELLING FOR PLASTIC INSTABILITYtokrzyska 21,00-049 Warsaw,Poland Revue Phys. Appl. 23 (1988) 697 AVRIL 1988, Studies of plastic deformation dependent hardening property can be pivotal in the modelling for plastic deform- ation instability

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

377

Characterization of Graphene-based Nano-antennas in the Terahertz Band  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characterization of Graphene-based Nano-antennas in the Terahertz Band (Invited Paper) Ignacio and Communication Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 16640 Kista, Sweden Email: lemme@kth.se Abstract--Graphene communications at the nanoscale. Indeed, graphene- based nano-antennas just a few micrometers in size have been

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

378

LETTER Communicated by Donald Spencer Wide-Band Information Transmission at the Calyx of Held  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LETTER Communicated by Donald Spencer Wide-Band Information Transmission at the Calyx of Held, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 9HN, U.K. Bruce P. Graham b.graham@cs.stir.ac.uk Computing Science and Mathematics, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, U.K. We use a mathematical model of the calyx of Held

Graham, Bruce

379

Impurity bands and quasi-Bloch waves for a one-dimensional model of modulated crystal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from the theory of quasi-periodic functions while the second relies on periodicity properties, impurity band, quasi-Bloch wave, quantum chaos, spectral algorithm, deformed crystal, Charge-Density Wave coupled oscillators; consult the book [1] and the recent paper [14] to which we are about to borrow

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

380

Near-band edge optical properties of exfoliated h-BN layers , J. Barjon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Near-band edge optical properties of exfoliated h-BN layers J. Loayza 1,2 , J. Barjon 2 , A when it is supported by a h-BN film, in particular when mechanically exfoliated from h-BN crystallites layers have been obtained by mechanically exfoliating small crystallites. Exfoliated flakes were reported

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agua caliente band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Dirac Coupled Channel Analyses of the 2$^-$ Gamma Vibrational band excitation in $^{20}$Ne  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dirac coupled channel analyses are performed using optical potential model for the high-lying excited states that belong to the 2$^-$ gamma vibrational band at the 800 MeV unpolarized proton inelastic scatterings from $^{20}$Ne. The first order vibrational collective models are used to obtain the transition optical potentials to describe the high-lying excited vibrational collective states and Lorentz-covariant scalar and time-like vector potentials are used as direct optical potentials. The complicated Dirac coupled channel equations are solved phenomenologically to reproduce the differential cross sections data by varying the optical potential and deformation parameters using minimum chi-square method. It is found that relativistic Dirac coupled channel calculation could describe the excited states of the 2$^-$ gamma vibrational band in $^{20}$Ne much better than the nonrelativistic coupled channel calculation, especially for the 2$^-$ and 3$^-$ states of the band. It is shown that the multistep excitation process via channel coupling with the $3^-$ state is essential to describe the $2^-$ state excitation and pure direct transition from the ground state is dominant for the 3$^-$ state excitation of the 2$^-$ gamma vibrational band in $^{20}$Ne.

Sugie Shim

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

382

Energy Band-Gap Engineering of Graphene Nanoribbons Melinda Y. Han,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, New York, New York 10027, USA 2 Department of Physics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027Energy Band-Gap Engineering of Graphene Nanoribbons Melinda Y. Han,1 Barbaros O¨ zyilmaz,2 Yuanbo an energy gap near the charge neutrality point. Individual graphene layers are contacted with metal

Kim, Philip

383

Efficient and Scalable All-to-All Personalized Exchange for InfiniBand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· High performance ­ Low latency of lesser than 5us ­ Over 840 Mega Byte/s uni-directional bandwidth? ­ Can we utilize the InfiniBand RDMA and Gather/Scatter capabilities? ­ How can we achieve better of pinning is high ­ Solution for small messages: copy into a pre-registered buffer [liuj-ics03] ­ Cost

Panda, Dhabaleswar K.

384

Current transport, gate dielectrics and band gap engineering in graphene devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Current transport, gate dielectrics and band gap engineering in graphene devices Wenjuan Zhu In this work, we studied current transport in mono-, bi- and tri-layer graphene. We find that both of the electrical field of the substrate surface polar phonons in bi-layer/tri-layer graphenes. We also find

Perebeinos, Vasili

385

A Generalization of the Rainbow Band Separation Attack and its Applications to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recovery Attack, Rainbow, Enhanced STS, Enhanced TTS, MFE, Diophantine Equations, MQQ-Enc, MQQ-Sig 1-trivial generaliza- tion of the well known Unbalanced Oil and Vinegar (UOV) signature scheme (Eurocrypt '99) minimizing the length of the signatures. By now the Rainbow Band Separation attack is the best key recovery

386

Ultrathin, high-efficiency, broad-band, omni-acceptance, organic solar cells enhanced by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Three of central challenges in solar cells are high light coupling into solar cell, high light trappingUltrathin, high-efficiency, broad-band, omni- acceptance, organic solar cells enhanced by plasmonic and demonstration of a new ultra-thin high- efficiency organic solar cell (SC), termed "plasmonic cavity

387

Metallic photonic-band-gap filament architectures for optimized incandescent lighting Sajeev John and Rongzhou Wang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Metallic photonic-band-gap filament architectures for optimized incandescent lighting Sajeev John occur 3,4 . Tra- ditionally incandescent lighting filaments, despite being driven from equilibrium the blackbody spectrum. This suggests the pos- sibility of higher efficiency incandescent lighting, through

John, Sajeev

388

V-band Transmission and Reflection Grid Amplifier Packaged in Waveguide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for thermal management by allowing the heat sink to be mounted on one side of the grid array. It also reduces and cooling fan were used to remove heat from the chip. The temperature distribution across the grid aperture1 V-band Transmission and Reflection Grid Amplifier Packaged in Waveguide Chun-Tung Cheung1 , Roger

389

Infrared Spectroscopy of H3O : The 1 Fundamental Band Jian Tang and Takeshi Oka  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Infrared Spectroscopy of H3O : The 1 Fundamental Band Jian Tang and Takeshi Oka Department, Illinois 60637 E-mail: t-oka@uchicago.edu Received December 24, 1998 The infrared spectrum of H3O 113.6(1)°. © 1999 Academic Press Key Words: infrared spectroscopy; H3O ; vibration

Oka, Takeshi

390

Electroabsorption modulator performance predicted from band-edge absorption spectra of bulk, quantum-well,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, quantum-well, and quantum-well-intermixed InGaAsP structures Gordon B. Morrison a,*, James W. Raring c-well-intermixed InGaAsP material are collected and compared using photocurrent spectroscopy. The expected will change the band-edge absorp- tion spectrum. This property can be induced in InGaAsP by two distinct

Coldren, Larry A.

391

FRACTAL SHAPED MICROSTRIP COUPLED LINE BAND PASS FILTERS FOR SUPPRESSION OF 2ND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 FRACTAL SHAPED MICROSTRIP COUPLED LINE BAND PASS FILTERS FOR SUPPRESSION OF 2ND HARMONIC Il Kwon Koch fractal curves are proposed for the first time. These filters are fabricated on Liquid Crystal, the 2nd harmonic of fractal filters can be significantly suppressed through the use of fractal shapes

Tentzeris, Manos

392

Low-order-mode harmonic multiplying gyrotron traveling-wave amplifier in W band  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Harmonic multiplying gyrotron traveling-wave amplifiers (gyro-TWAs) allow for magnetic field reduction and frequency multiplication. To avoid absolute instabilities, this work proposes a W-band harmonic multiplying gyro-TWA operating at low-order modes. By amplifying a fundamental harmonic TE{sub 11} drive wave, the second harmonic component of the beam current initiates a TE{sub 21} wave to be amplified. Absolute instabilities in the gyro-TWA are suppressed by shortening the interaction circuit and increasing wall losses. Simulation results reveal that compared with Ka-band gyro-TWTs, the lower wall losses effectively suppress absolute instabilities in the W-band gyro-TWA. However, a global reflective oscillation occurs as the wall losses decrease. Increasing the length or resistivity of the lossy section can reduce the feedback of the oscillation to stabilize the amplifier. The W-band harmonic multiplying gyro-TWA is predicted to yield a peak output power of 111 kW at 98 GHz with an efficiency of 25%, a saturated gain of 26 dB, and a bandwidth of 1.6 GHz for a 60 kV, 7.5 A electron beam with an axial velocity spread of 8%.

Yeh, Y. S.; Chen, C. H.; Yang, S. J.; Lai, C. H.; Lin, T. Y.; Lo, Y. C.; Hong, J. W. [Department of Electro-Optical Engineering, Southern Taiwan University, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Hung, C. L. [Department of Communication Engineering, National Penghu University of Science and Technology, Penghu, Taiwan (China); Chang, T. H. [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

393

Size effect on the electronic and optical band gap of CdSe QD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Present paper deals with a critical and comprehensive analysis of the dependence of photo emission (PE) electronic band gap and optical absorption (OA) excitonic band gap on the size of CdSe QD, via connecting it with excitonic absorbance wavelength. Excitonic absorbance wavelength is determined through an empirical fit of established experimental evidences. Effective excitonic charge and Bohr radius is determined as a function of size. Increase in size of the CdSe QD results in greater Bohr radius and smaller effective excitonic charge. Excitonic binding energy as a degree of size of QD is also calculated which further relates with the difference in PE electronic and OA optical band gaps. It is also shown that with increase in size of CdSe QD, the excitonic binding energy decreases which consequently increases differences in two band gaps. Our results are very well comparable with the established results. Explanation for the origin of the unusual optical properties of CdSe QD has been also discussed.

Sisodia, Namita, E-mail: namitasisodiya@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Holkar Science College, Indore-45200 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

394

Intensity profiles of superdeformed bands in Pb isotopes in a two-level mixing model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A recently developed two-level mixing model of the decay out of superdeformed bands is applied to examine the loss of flux from the yrast superdeformed bands in {sup 192}Pb, {sup 194}Pb, and {sup 196}Pb. Probability distributions for decay to states at normal deformations are calculated at each level. The sensitivity of the results to parameters describing the levels at normal deformation and their coupling to levels in the superdeformed well is explored. It is found that except for narrow ranges of the interaction strength coupling the states, the amount of intensity lost is primarily determined by the ratio of {gamma} decay widths in the normal and superdeformed wells. It is also found that while the model can accommodate the observed fractional intensity loss profiles for decay from bands at relatively high excitation, it cannot accommodate the similarly abrupt decay from bands at lower energies if standard estimates of the properties of the states in the first minimum are employed.

Wilson, A. N.; Szigeti, S. S.; Rogers, J. I. [Department of Nuclear Physics, Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia); Department of Physics, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia); Davidson, P. M. [Department of Nuclear Physics, Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia); Cardamone, D. M. [Physics Department, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6 (Canada)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

395

Exploiting pattern transformation to tune phononic band gaps in a two-dimensional granular crystal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) cylinders is investigated numerically. This system was previously shown to undergo a pattern transformation with uniaxial compression by Go¨ncu¨ et al. [Soft Matter 7, 2321 (2011)]. The dispersion relations, or elastic waves in certain frequency ranges known as band gaps is an important feature of these materials

396

Extracting E Versus K Effective Band Structure from Supercell Calculations on Alloys and Impurities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The supercell approach to defects and alloys has circumvented the limitations of those methods that insist on using artificially high symmetry, yet this step usually comes at the cost of abandoning the language of E versus k band dispersion. Here we describe a computational method that maps the energy eigenvalues obtained from large supercell calculations into an effective band structure (EBS) and recovers an approximate E(k) for alloys. Making use of supercells allows one to model a random alloy A{sub 1-x}B{sub x}C by occupying the sites A and B via a coin-toss procedure, affording many different local environments (polymorphic description) to occur. We present the formalism and implementation details of the method and apply it to study the evolution of the impurity band appearing in the dilute GaN:P alloy. We go beyond the perfectly random case, realizing that many alloys may have nonrandom microstructures, and investigate how their formation is reflected in the EBS. It turns out that the EBS is extremely sensitive in determining the critical disorder level for which delocalized states start to appear in the intermediate band. In addition, the EBS allows us to identify the role played by atomic relaxation in the positioning of the impurity levels.

Popescu, V.; Zunger, A.

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

397

New multi-rod linear actuator for direct-drive, wide mechanical band pass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(e.g. gears). This mechanical transmission is required in order to adapt the load to a standard motor), · reducing noise, · increasing movement control, · widening the mechanical band pass, · lowering maintenance. For automation applications, such as command (plane command, hard disk harm) or regulation (vibration

Boyer, Edmond

398

Non-LTE modeling of the near UV band of late-type stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the ability of both LTE and Non-LTE models to fit the near UV band absolute flux distribution and individual spectral line profiles of three standard stars for which high quality spectrophotometry and high resolution spectroscopy are available: The Sun (G2 V), Arcturus (K2 III), and Procyon (F5 IV-V). We investigate 1) the effect of the choice of atomic line list on the ability of NLTE models to fit the near UV band flux level, 2) the amount of a hypothesized continuous thermal absorption extinction source required to allow NLTE models to fit the observations, and 3) the semi-empirical temperature structure required to fit the observations with NLTE models and standard continuous near UV extinction. We find that all models that are computed with high quality atomic line lists predict too much flux in the near UV band for Arcturus, but fit the warmer stars well. The variance among independent measurements of the solar irradiance in the near UV is sufficiently large that we cannot definitely conclude that models predict too much near UV flux, in contrast to other recent results. We surmise that the inadequacy of current atmospheric models of K giants in the near UV band is best addressed by hypothesizing that there is still missing continuous thermal extinction, and that the missing near UV extinction becomes more important with decreasing effective temperature for spectral classes later than early G, suggesting a molecular origin.

C. Ian Short; P. H. Hauschildt

2008-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

399

Numerical Calculation of Density of States and Band Structure A Thesis Submitted in Partial Satisfaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

combustion engines, with the majority of energy lost in terms of waste heat. In theory, the waste heat can. Therefore, all absorption of light happens near the band gap energy range. By changing the BS of a crystal result. 1. INTRODUCTION Energy consumption has become an important issue lately, with global shortage

Belanger, David P.

400

A narrow-band high-speed switched-capacitor sixth order bandpass ladder filter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In narrow-band high-speed switched-capacitor filters, the main limitation comes from the capacitance spread and from amplifier settling time. A secondary clock, that averages at an integer fraction of the main clock signal, is used to reduce...

Adut, Jozef

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agua caliente band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

OUTFLOWS AND DARK BANDS AT ARCADE-LIKE ACTIVE REGION CORE BOUNDARIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Observations from the EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) on board Hinode have revealed outflows and non-thermal line broadening in low intensity regions at the edges of active regions (ARs). We use data from Hinode's EIS, Solar Dynamic Observatory's Atmospheric Imaging Assembly and Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager, and the Transition Region and Coronal Explorer instrument to investigate the boundaries of arcade-like AR cores for NOAA ARs 11112, 10978, and 9077. A narrow, low intensity region that is observed at the core's periphery as a dark band shows outflows and increased spectral line broadening. This dark band is found to exist for days and appears between the bright coronal loop structures of different coronal topologies. We find a case where the dark band region is formed between the magnetic field from emerging flux and the field of the pre-existing flux. A magnetic field extrapolation indicates that this dark band is coincident with the spine lines or magnetic separatrices in the extrapolated field. This occurs over unipolar regions where the brightened coronal field is separated in connectivity and topology. This separation does not appear to be infinitesimal and an initial estimate of the minimum distance of separation is found to be Almost-Equal-To 1.5-3.5 Mm.

Scott, J. T.; Martens, P. C. H.; Tarr, L. [Department of Physics, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717 (United States)

2013-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

402

Maximum Theoretical Efficiency Limit of Photovoltaic Devices: Effect of Band Structure on Excited State Entropy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, we show that the maximum conversion efficiency is limited further by the excited state entropyMaximum Theoretical Efficiency Limit of Photovoltaic Devices: Effect of Band Structure on Excited State Entropy Frank E. Osterloh* Department of Chemistry, University of CaliforniaDavis, One Shields

Osterloh, Frank

403

Observation of precursorlike behavior of femtosecond pulses in a dye with a strong absorption band  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

absorption band and anomalous dispersion at a wavelength of approximately 800 nm. We explore this regime experimentally with sub-10-fs pulses with a central wavelength of approximately 800 nm from a Ti : sapphire oscillator. The pulses are passed through a...

Springer, Matthew M.; Yang, Wenlong; Kolomenski, Alexandre A.; Schuessler, Hans A.; Strohaber, James; Kattawar, George W.; Sokolov, Alexei V.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Synchronous Ultra-Wide Band Wireless Sensors Networks for oil and gas exploration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synchronous Ultra-Wide Band Wireless Sensors Networks for oil and gas exploration Stefano Savazzi1 of new oil and gas reservoir. Seismic exploration requires a large number (500 ÷ 2000 nodes, MAC and network layer to develop wireless sensors networks tailored for oil (and gas) exploration

Savazzi, Stefano

405

Birds of Prey and the Band-Tailed Pigeon on Isla Guadalupe, Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

... BIRDS OF PREY AND THE BAND-TAILED PIGEON ON ISLA GUADALUPE, MEXICO JUAN-PABLO GALLO-REYNOSO, Centro de Investigacin en Alimentacin ... nascent recovery, such studies should be encouraged. Mexico has taken a major step toward the islands conservation by declaring ...

406

Space-based detection of wetlands' surface water level changes from L-band SAR interferometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Space-based detection of wetlands' surface water level changes from L-band SAR interferometry­1996 reveals detectable surface changes in the Everglades wetlands. Although our study is limited to south Florida it has implication for other large-scale wetlands, because south Florida wetlands have diverse

Amelung, Falk

407

Efficient narrow-band light emission from a single carbon nanotube pn diode  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficient narrow-band light emission from a single carbon nanotube p­n diode Thomas Mueller1 and Phaedon Avouris1 * Electrically driven light emission from carbon nanotubes1­8 could be used in nanoscale. Here, we report electrically induced light emission from individual carbon nanotube p­n diodes. A new

Perebeinos, Vasili

408

THE MULTIWAVELENGTH SURVEY BY YALE-CHILE (MUSYC): DEEP MEDIUM-BAND OPTICAL IMAGING AND HIGH-QUALITY 32-BAND PHOTOMETRIC REDSHIFTS IN THE ECDF-S  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present deep optical 18-medium-band photometry from the Subaru telescope over the {approx}30' x 30' Extended Chandra Deep Field-South, as part of the Multiwavelength Survey by Yale-Chile (MUSYC). This field has a wealth of ground- and space-based ancillary data, and contains the GOODS-South field and the Hubble Ultra Deep Field. We combine the Subaru imaging with existing UBVRIzJHK and Spitzer IRAC images to create a uniform catalog. Detecting sources in the MUSYC 'BVR' image we find {approx}40,000 galaxies with R {sub AB} < 25.3, the median 5{sigma} limit of the 18 medium bands. Photometric redshifts are determined using the EAzY code and compared to {approx}2000 spectroscopic redshifts in this field. The medium-band filters provide very accurate redshifts for the (bright) subset of galaxies with spectroscopic redshifts, particularly at 0.1 < z < 1.2 and at z {approx}> 3.5. For 0.1 < z < 1.2, we find a 1{sigma} scatter in {Delta}z/(1 + z) of 0.007, similar to results obtained with a similar filter set in the COSMOS field. As a demonstration of the data quality, we show that the red sequence and blue cloud can be cleanly identified in rest-frame color-magnitude diagrams at 0.1 < z < 1.2. We find that {approx}20% of the red sequence galaxies show evidence of dust emission at longer rest-frame wavelengths. The reduced images, photometric catalog, and photometric redshifts are provided through the public MUSYC Web site.

Cardamone, Carolin N.; Van Dokkum, Pieter G.; Urry, C. Megan; Brammer, Gabriel [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Taniguchi, Yoshi [Research Center for Space and Cosmic Evolution, Ehime University, Bunkyo-cho 2-5, Matsuyama 790-8577 (Japan); Gawiser, Eric; Bond, Nicholas [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854-8019 (United States); Taylor, Edward; Damen, Maaike [Sterrewacht Leiden, Leiden University, NL-2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Treister, Ezequiel [Institute for Astronomy, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Cobb, Bethany E. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States); Schawinski, Kevin [Yale Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Yale University, P.O. Box 208121, New Haven, CT 06520 (United States); Lira, Paulina [Departamento de Astronoma, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D, Santiago (Chile); Murayama, Takashi [Astronomical Institute, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Aramaki, Aoba, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Saito, Tomoki [Institute for Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8583 (Japan); Sumikawa, Kentaro, E-mail: carolin.cardamone@astro.yale.ed [Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Ehime University, Bunkyo-cho, Matsuyama 790-8577 (Japan)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

409

Experimental determination of band offsets of NiO-based thin film heterojunctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The energy band diagrams of NiO-based solar cell structures that use various n-type oxide semiconductors such as ZnO, Mg{sub 0.3}Zn{sub 0.7}O, Zn{sub 0.5}Sn{sub 0.5}O, In{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Sn (ITO), SnO{sub 2}, and TiO{sub 2} were evaluated by photoelectron yield spectroscopy. The valence band discontinuities were estimated to be 1.6?eV for ZnO/NiO and Mg{sub 0.3}Zn{sub 0.7}O/NiO, 1.7?eV for Zn{sub 0.5}Sn{sub 0.5}O/NiO and ITO/NiO, and 1.8?eV for SnO{sub 2}/NiO and TiO{sub 2}/NiO heterojunctions. By using the valence band discontinuity values and corresponding energy bandgaps of the layers, energy band diagrams were developed. Judging from the band diagram, an appropriate solar cell consisting of p-type NiO and n-type ZnO layers was deposited on ITO, and a slight but noticeable photovoltaic effect was obtained with an open circuit voltage (V{sub oc}) of 0.96?V, short circuit current density (J{sub sc}) of 2.2??A/cm{sup 2}, and fill factor of 0.44.

Kawade, Daisuke; Sugiyama, Mutsumi, E-mail: mutsumi@rs.noda.tus.ac.jp [Faculty of Science and Technology/Research Institute for Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Science, 2641 Yamazaki, Noda 278-8510 (Japan); Chichibu, Shigefusa F. [Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba, Sendai 9808577 (Japan)

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

410

Provenance and Detrital-Zircon Studies of the Mint Canyon Formation and its Correlation to the Caliente Formation, Southern California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

zircons) from a nearby source rock. The plutonic group has aour understanding of source rocks and paleogeography. iiiwere derived from similar source rocks and likely came from

Hoyt, Johanna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Provenance and Detrital-Zircon Studies of the Mint Canyon Formation and its Correlation to the Caliente Formation, Southern California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sandstone petrofacies: Sedimentology, v. 40, p. 937- 953.Stratigraphy and sedimentology of the type San Francisquitofocused on the sedimentology, stratigraphy, geochemical

Hoyt, Johanna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Roles of nanoclusters in shear banding and plastic deformation of bulk metallic glasses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the course of this research we published 33 papers in various physics/material journals. We select four representing papers in this report and their results are summarized as follows. I. To study shear banding process, it is pertinent to know the intrinsic shear strain rate within a propagating shear band. To this aim, we used nanoindentation technique to probe the mechanical response of a Au49Ag5.5Pd2.3Cu26.9Si16.3 bulk metallic glass in locality and found notable pop-in events associated with shear band emission. Using a free volume model and under the situation when temperature and stress/hardness are fixed result in an equation, which predicts that hardness serration caused by pop-in decreases exponentially with the strain rate. Our data are in good agreement with the prediction. The result also predicts that, when strain rate is higher than a critical strain rate of 1700 s^-1, there will be no hardness serration, thereby no pop-in. In other words, multiple shear bandings will take place and material will flow homogeneously. The critical strain rate of 1700 s^-1 can be treated as the intrinsic strain rate within a shear band. We subsequently carried out a simulation study and showed that, if the imposed strain rate was over , the shear band spacing would become so small that the entire sample would virtually behave like one major shear band. Using the datum strain rate =1700 s^-1 and based on a shear band nucleation model proposed by us, the size of a shear-band nucleus in Au-BMG was estimated to be 3 ???? 10^6 atoms, or a sphere of ~30 nm in diameter. II. Inspired by the peculiar result published in a Science article ?¢????Super Plastic Bulk Metallic Glasses at Room Temperature?¢???, we synthesized the Zr-based bulk metallic glass with a composition identical to that in the paper (Zr64.13Cu15.75Ni10.12Al10) and, subsequently, tested in compression at the same slow strain rate (~10^-4 s^-1). We found that the dominant deformation mode is always single shear. The stress-strain curve exhibited serrated pattern in the plastic region, which conventionally has been attributed to individual shear band propagation. The scanning electron micrographs taken from the deformed sample surface revealed regularly spaced striations. Analysis indicates that the observed stress-strain serrations are intimately related to the striations on the shear surface, suggesting the serrations were actually caused slip-and-stick shear along the principal shear plane. We further use video camera to conduct in situ compression experiments to unambiguously confirm the one-to-one temporal and spatial correspondence between the intermittent sliding and flow serration. This preferential shear band formation along the principal shear plane is, in fact, a natural consequence of Mode II crack, independent of strain softening or hardening, usually claimed in the literature. III. Flow serration in compression of metallic glasses is caused by the formation and propagation of localized shear bands. These shear bands propagate at an extremely high speed, so high that a load cell and load frame were unable to capture the details of the dynamic event. To subdue this problem, we conducted uniaxial compression on Zr64.13Cu15.75Ni10.12Al10 bulk metallic glass using a high-speed camera to capture the sample image and also high-sensitivity strain gauges attached to the test samples to directly measure the strain. The displacement-time curves obtained from the test and a magnified version of the displacement burst reveals clearly a three-step (acceleration, steady-state, and deceleration) process during shear band propagation. The fastest propagating speed occurring at the steady state is calculated as 8????10^2 ???µm/s. This speed is about 1,000 times faster than the crosshead speed. This explains the gradual disappearance of flow serration at higher strain rates previously reported during compression of

Nieh, T.G.

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

413

Effects of surface termination on the band gap of ultrabright Si29 nanoparticles: Experiments and computational models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects of surface termination on the band gap of ultrabright Si29 nanoparticles: Experiments constituting a H-terminated reconstructed Si surface was recently proposed as a structural prototype termination with a N linkage in butylamine and O linkage in pentane . The emission band for N-termination

Braun, Paul

414

The J-and H-bands of organic dye aggregates A. Eisfeld *, J.S. Briggs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The J- and H-bands of organic dye aggregates A. Eisfeld *, J.S. Briggs Theoretische Quantendynamik dyes are remarkable in exhibiting an intense and very narrow absorption peak, known as a J-band, which is red-shifted away from the region of monomer absorption. Apart from those dyes showing the J

Eisfeld, Alexander

415

An access etiquette for very-wide wireless bands R. Garcesa,*, J.J. Garcia-Luna-Acevesb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 901 San Antonio Road, Palo Alto, CA 94303, USA d Department of Electrical Engineering, Technion," for the 59­64 GHz unlicensed band to allow systems from different manufacturers with different physical cable. However, equipment may not be operated on this band, until an etiquette has been defined for its

California at Santa Cruz, University of

416

$^{16}$O + $^{16}$O molecular structures of positive- and negative-parity superdeformed bands in $^{34}$S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The structures of excited states in $^{34}$S are investigated using the antisymmetrized molecular dynamics and generator coordinate method (GCM). The GCM basis wave functions are calculated via energy variation with a constraint on the quadrupole deformation parameter $\\beta$. By applying the GCM after parity and angular momentum projections, the coexistence of two positive- and one negative-parity superdeformed (SD) bands are predicted, and low-lying states and other deformed bands are obtained. The SD bands have structures of $^{16}$O + $^{16}$O + two valence neutrons in molecular orbitals around the two $^{16}$O cores in a cluster picture. The configurations of the two valence neutrons are $\\delta^2$ and $\\pi^2$ for the positive-parity SD bands and $\\pi^1\\delta^1$ for the negative-parity SD band. The structural changes of the yrast states are also discussed.

Yasutaka Taniguchi

2014-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

417

Heterojunction band offsets and dipole formation at BaTiO{sub 3}/SrTiO{sub 3} interfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We used a complement of photoemission and cathodoluminescence techniques to measure formation of the BaTiO{sub 3} (BTO) on SrTiO{sub 3} (STO) heterojunction band offset grown monolayer by monolayer by molecular beam epitaxy. X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS) provided core level and valence band edge energies to monitor the valence band offset in-situ as the first few crystalline BTO monolayers formed on the STO substrate. Ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy (UPS) measured Fermi level positions within the band gap, work functions, and ionization potentials of the growing BTO film. Depth-resolved cathodoluminescence spectroscopy measured energies and densities of interface states at the buried heterojunction. Kraut-based XPS heterojunction band offsets provided evidence for STO/BTO heterojunction linearity, i.e., commutativity and transitivity. In contrast, UPS and XPS revealed a large dipole associated either with local charge transfer or strain-induced polarization within the BTO epilayer.

Balaz, Snjezana [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Youngstown State University, One University Plaza, Youngstown, Ohio 44555 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Youngstown State University, One University Plaza, Youngstown, Ohio 44555 (United States); Zeng, Zhaoquan [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The Ohio State University, 205 Dreese Lab, 2015 Neil Ave., Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)] [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The Ohio State University, 205 Dreese Lab, 2015 Neil Ave., Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Brillson, Leonard J. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The Ohio State University, 205 Dreese Lab, 2015 Neil Ave., Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States) [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The Ohio State University, 205 Dreese Lab, 2015 Neil Ave., Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, 191 West Woodruff, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)

2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

418

Tunability over three frequency bands induced by mode transition in relativistic backward wave oscillator with strong end reflections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents an efficient approach to realizing the frequency tunability of a relativistic backward wave oscillator (RBWO) over three frequency bands by mode transition without changing the slow wave structure (SWS). It is figured out that the transition of the operation mode in the RBWO can be efficiently achieved by using the strong end reflection of the SWS. This mode transition results in the tunability of the RBWO over three frequency bands at high power and high efficiency without changing the SWS. In numerical simulation, the output frequency of the RBWO can jump over 7.9?GHz in C-band, 9.9?GHz in X-band, and 12.4?GHz in Ku-band with output power exceeding 3.0?GW and conversion efficiency higher than 35% by just reasonably transforming the structures of the front and post resonant reflectors which provide the strong end reflection for the SWS.

Wu, Ping; Deng, Yuqun [Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Science and Technology on High Power Microwave Laboratory, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China); Fan, Juping; Teng, Yan; Shi, Yanchao; Sun, Jun [Science and Technology on High Power Microwave Laboratory, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

419

Rotational bands in odd-A Cm and Cf isotopes: Exploring the highest neutron orbitals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rotational bands have been identified up to high spins ({approx_equal}28({h_bar}/2{pi})) in the odd-A nuclei {sup 247,249}Cm and {sup 249}Cf through inelastic excitation and transfer reactions around the Z=100 region where stability results from shell effects. The [620]1/2 Nilsson configuration in {sup 249}Cm is the highest-lying neutron orbital, from above the N=164 spherical subshell gap, for which high-spin rotational behavior has been established. The data allow for an unambiguous experimental assignment of configurations to the observed bands, unusual for odd-A nuclei near Z=100. The high-spin properties are described in terms of Woods-Saxon cranking calculations.

Tandel, S. K.; Chowdhury, P.; Lakshmi, S.; Tandel, U. S. [Department of Physics, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, Massachusetts 01854 (United States); Ahmad, I.; Carpenter, M. P.; Gros, S.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Khoo, T. L.; Kondev, F. G.; Greene, J. P.; Lauritsen, T.; Lister, C. J.; Peterson, D.; Robinson, A.; Seweryniak, D.; Zhu, S. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Hartley, D. J. [Department of Physics, US Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland 21402 (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

420

Fabrication of Ceramic Layer-by-Layer Infrared Wavelength Photonic Band Gap Crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photonic band gap (PBG) crystals, also known as photonic crystals, are periodic dielectric structures which form a photonic band gap that prohibit the propagation of electromagnetic (EM) waves of certain frequencies at any incident angles. Photonic crystals have several potential applications including zero-threshold semiconductor lasers, the inhibition of spontaneous emission, dielectric mirrors, and wavelength filters. If defect states are introduced in the crystals, light can be guided from one location to another or even a sharp bending of light in micron scale can be achieved. This generates the potential for optical waveguide and optical circuits, which will contribute to the improvement in the fiber-optic communications and the development of high-speed computers.

Henry Hao-Chuan Kang

2004-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agua caliente band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Band gap tuning in transition metal oxides by site-specific substitution  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A transition metal oxide insulator composition having a tuned band gap includes a transition metal oxide having a perovskite or a perovskite-like crystalline structure. The transition metal oxide includes at least one first element selected form the group of Bi, Ca, Ba, Sr, Li, Na, Mg, K, Pb, and Pr; and at least one second element selected from the group of Ti, Al, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zr, Nb, Mo, Ru, Rh, Hf, Ta, W, Re, Os, Ir, and Pt. At least one correlated insulator is integrated into the crystalline structure, including REMO.sub.3, wherein RE is at least one Rare Earth element, and wherein M is at least one element selected from the group of Co, V, Cr, Ni, Mn, and Fe. The composition is characterized by a band gap of less of 4.5 eV.

Lee, Ho Nyung; Chisholm, Jr., Matthew F; Jellison, Jr., Gerald Earle; Singh, David J; Choi, Woo Seok

2013-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

422

Band gap corrections for molecules and solids using Koopmans theorem and Wannier functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have proposed a method for correcting the Kohn-Sham eigen energies in the density functional theory (DFT) based on the Koopmans theorem using Wannier functions. The method provides a general approach applicable for molecules and solids for electronic structure calculations. It does not have any adjustable parameters and the computational cost is at the DFT level. For solids, the calculated eigen energies agree well with the experiments for not only the band gaps, but also the energies of other valence and conduction bands. For molecules, the calculated eigen energies agree well with the experimental ionization potentials and electron affinities, and show better trends than the traditional Delta-self-consistent-field (?SCF) results.

Ma, Jie

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Single Bunch Wakefields in the CERN-PSI-ELETTRA X-band Linear Accelerator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FERMI@ELETTRA and PSI-XFEL are 4th Generation Light Sources that require high quality electron beam at the entrance of the undulator chains. In this context, a specially developed X-band structure with integrated alignment monitors will be used to mitigate the nonlinearities in the longitudinal phase space due to the second order RF time curvature and the second order momentum compaction term of chicane compressor. The knowledge of the transverse and longitudinal short range wakefields in the X-band structure is essential to evaluate the beam quality in terms of longitudinal energy spread and transverse kick spread. We have used the ABCI code to numerically evaluate the transverse and longitudinal wake potentials for short bunches in this structure

El-Ashmawy, Mostafa; Dehler, Micha; Raguin, Jean-Yves; Riddone, Germana; Zennaro, Riccardo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

H-band thermal emission from the 0.79-day period planet WASP-19b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the first ground-based detection of thermal emission from an exoplanet in the H-band. Using HAWK-I on the VLT, we observed an occultation of WASP-19b by its G8V-type host star. WASP-19b is a Jupiter-mass planet with an orbital period of only 0.79 d, and thus, being highly irradiated, is expected to be hot. We measure an H-band occultation depth of (0.259 +0.046 -0.044) %. A cloud-free model of the planet's atmosphere, with no redistribution of energy from day-side to night-side, under-predicts the planet/star flux density ratio by a factor of two. As the stellar parameters, and thus the level of planetary irradiation, are well-constrained by measurement, it is likely that our model of the planet's atmosphere is too simple.

Anderson, D R; Maxted, P F L; Barman, T S; Cameron, A Collier; Hellier, C; Queloz, D; Smalley, B; Triaud, A H M J

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Triaxial shape coexistence and new aligned band in {sup 178}Os  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High spin states in {sup 178}Os were studied by means of {sup 165}Ho({sup 20}Ne,p6n){sup 178}Os fusion evaporation reaction at a beam energy of 150 MeV, using a clover detector array. Several new transitions belonging to {sup 178}Os were placed in a level scheme and a new aligned rotational band was observed in addition to earlier known bands. Spin-parity assignments for most of the proposed levels were made using the deduced directional correlation orientation and polarization measurements for the de-exciting transitions. Experimental results are compared with the projected angular momentum deformed Hartree-Fock model calculations and cranked Woods-Saxon model calculations. This nucleus is predicted to be prolate deformed in the ground state but the {gamma}-softness at higher excitation is revealed by the cranked Woods-Saxon model and the geometrical asymmetric model calculations.

Kumar, Rajesh; Govil, I. M. [Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh-160014 (India); Dhal, A.; Chaturvedi, L. [Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-220115, Uttar Pradesh (India); Praharaj, C. R. [Institute of Physics, Bhubaneshwar-751005 (India); Rath, A. K. [Department of Physics, Sambalpur University, Jyoti Vihar, Burla, Sambalpur-768019, Orissa (India); Kumar, G. Kiran [Department of Physics, Maharaja Sayajirao University, Vadodara, Baroda 390002 (India); Basu, S. K. [Variable Energy Cyclotron Center, Bidhan Nagar, Calcutta-700064 (India); Chakraborty, A.; Krishichayan; Mukhopadhyay, S.; Pattabiraman, N. S.; Ghugre, S. S.; Sinha, A. K. [UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, Calcutta Centre, Sector III LB-8, Bidhan Nagar, Kolkata-700098 (India)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

426

Energy band modulation of graphane by hydrogen-vacancy chains: A first-principles study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigated a variety of configurations of hydrogen-vacancy chains in graphane by first-principles density functional calculation. We found that graphane with two zigzag H-vacancy chains segregated by one or more H chain is generally a nonmagnetic conductor or has a negligible band gap. However, the same structure is turned into a semiconductor and generates a magnetic moment if either one or both of the vacancy chains are blocked by isolated H atoms. If H-vacancy chains are continuously distributed, the structure is similar to a zigzag graphene nanoribbon embedded in graphane. It was also found that the embedded zigzag graphene nanoribbon is antiferromagnetic, and isolated H atoms left in the 2-chain nanoribbon can tune the band gap and generate net magnetic moments. Similar effects are also obtained if bare carbon atoms are present outside the nanoribbon. These results are useful for designing graphene-based nanoelectronic circuits.

Wu, Bi-Ru [Department of Natural science, Center for General Education, Chang Gung University, Kueishan 333, Taiwan, ROC (China); Yang, Chih-Kai, E-mail: ckyang@nccu.edu.tw [Graduate Institute of Applied Physics, National Chengchi University, Taipei 11605, Taiwan, ROC (China)

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

427

Investigation of radiation flux in certain band via the preheat of aluminum sample  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantitative evaluation of the fractions of high energy x-rays in a hohlraum is crucial to the indirect driven-drive scheme of inertial confinement fusion and many other applications in high energy density physics. Preheat of a sample due to x-rays sensitively depends on optical thin photons. Analyzing the motion of a sample due to preheat can thus provide valuable information of those x-rays. In this article, we propose a method to infer the temporal evolution of the x-ray fluxes in the bands of our interest. By matching the simulation results to the motions of an aluminum sample, we can infer the time-resolved x-ray fluxes around the aluminum K-edge and the gold M-band inside the hohlraum.

Zhang, Chen [Department of Modern Physics, CAS Key Lab of Basic Plasma Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China) [Department of Modern Physics, CAS Key Lab of Basic Plasma Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China); Laser Fusion Research Center, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China); Wang, Zhebin; Wang, Feng; Peng, Xiaoshi; Jiang, Shaoen; Ding, Yongkun [Laser Fusion Research Center, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China)] [Laser Fusion Research Center, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China); Zhao, Bin; Hu, Guangyue; Zheng, Jian [Department of Modern Physics, CAS Key Lab of Basic Plasma Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China)] [Department of Modern Physics, CAS Key Lab of Basic Plasma Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

428

High power operation of an X-band coaxial multi-beam relativistic klystron amplifier  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An X-band coaxial multi-beam relativistic klystron amplifier is designed in order to increase output microwave power and operating frequency of the amplifier tube. The experiment is performed on a Tesla-type accelerator. The amplifier is driven by an electron beam of 2.8 kA at 720 kV, and a microwave power of 30 kW and frequency of 9.384 GHz is injected into an input cavity by means of an external source, then a microwave power of over 800 MW is extracted, the amplifier gain is about 44 dB, and conversion efficiency is 40%. The experiment proves that output power of nearly GWs can be generated with the X-band coaxial multi-beam relativistic klystron amplifier driven by a kW-level input power.

Liu, Zhenbang; Huang, Hua; Jin, Xiao; Zhao, Yucong; He, Hu; Lei, Lurong; Chen, Zhaofu [Science and Technology on High Power Microwave Laboratory, Institute of Applied Electronics, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China)] [Science and Technology on High Power Microwave Laboratory, Institute of Applied Electronics, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

429

Multi-bands photoconductive response in AlGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on the optical transitions among the quantum-confined electronic states in the conduction band, we have fabricated multi-bands AlGaN/GaN quantum well infrared photodetectors. Crack-free AlGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells (MQWs) with atomically sharp interfaces have been achieved by inserting an AlN interlayer, which releases most of the tensile strain in the MQWs grown on the GaN underlayer. With significant reduction of dark current by using thick AlGaN barriers, photoconductive responses are demonstrated due to intersubband transition in multiple regions with center wavelengths of 1.3, 2.3, and 4??m, which shows potential applications on near infrared detection.

Chen, G.; Rong, X.; Xu, F. J.; Tang, N. [State Key Laboratory of Artificial Microstructure and Mesoscopic Physics, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Wang, X. Q., E-mail: wangshi@pku.edu.cn; Shen, B., E-mail: bshen@pku.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Artificial Microstructure and Mesoscopic Physics, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing (China); Fu, K.; Zhang, B. S. [Suzhou Institute of Nano-Tech and Nano-Bionics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ruoshui Road 398, 215123 Suzhou (China); Hashimoto, H.; Yoshikawa, A. [Center for SMART Green Innovation Research, Chiba University, 1-33 Yayoi-cho, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8522 (Japan); Ge, W. K. [Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100871 (China)

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

430

Ferromagnetism and the electronic band structure in (Ga,Mn)(Bi,As) epitaxial layers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Impact of Bi incorporation into (Ga,Mn)As layers on their electronic- and band-structures as well as their magnetic and structural properties has been studied. Homogenous (Ga,Mn)(Bi,As) layers of high structural perfection have been grown by the low-temperature molecular-beam epitaxy technique. Post-growth annealing treatment of the layers results in an improvement of their structural and magnetic properties and an increase in the hole concentration in the layers. The modulation photoreflectance spectroscopy results are consistent with the valence-band model of hole-mediated ferromagnetism in the layers. This material combines the properties of (Ga,Mn)As and Ga(Bi,As) ternary compounds and offers the possibility of tuning its electrical and magnetic properties by controlling the alloy composition.

Yastrubchak, O., E-mail: yastrub@hektor.umcs.lublin.pl [Institute of Physics, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University in Lublin, Pl. M. Curie-Sk?odowskiej 1, 20-031 Lublin (Poland); Institute of Semiconductor Physics, National Academy of Sciences, 41 pr. Nauki, 03028 Kyiv (Ukraine); Sadowski, J. [MAX-IV Laboratory, Lund University, P.O. Box 118, SE-221 00 Lund (Sweden); Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotnikow 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Gluba, L.; ?uk, J.; Kulik, M. [Institute of Physics, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University in Lublin, Pl. M. Curie-Sk?odowskiej 1, 20-031 Lublin (Poland); Domagala, J. Z.; Andrearczyk, T.; Wosinski, T. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotnikow 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Rawski, M. [Analytical Laboratory, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University in Lublin, Pl. M. Curie-Sk?odowskiej 3, 20-031 Lublin (Poland)

2014-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

431

Initial Testing of the Mark-0 X-Band RF Gun at SLAC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new X-band RF gun (Mark-0) has been assembled, tuned and was tested in the ASTA facility at SLAC. This gun has been improved from an earlier gun used in Compton-scattering experiments at SLAC by the introduction of a racetrack dual-input coupler to reduce quadrupole fields. Waveguide-to-coupler irises were also redesigned to reduce surface magnetic fields and therefore peak pulse surface heating. Tests of this photocathode gun will allow us to gain early operational experience for beam tests of a new gun with further improvements (Mark-1) being prepared for SLAC's X-Band Test Area (XTA) program and the LLNL MEGa-ray program. Results of current testing up to {approx} 200 MV/m peak surface Electric fields are presented.

Vlieks, Arnold; Adolphsen, C.; Dolgashev, V.; Lewandowski, J.; Limborg, Cecile; Weathersby, S.; /SLAC

2012-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

432

The effect of spin-orbit coupling in band structure of few-layer graphene  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Topological insulators are electronic materials that have a bulk band gap like an ordinary insulator but have protected conducting states on their edge or surface. This can be happened due to spin-orbit coupling and time-reversal symmetry. Moreover, the edge current flows through their edge or surface depends on its spin orientation and also it is robust against non-magnetic impurities. Therefore, topological insulators are predicted to be useful ranging from spintronics to quantum computation. Graphene was first predicted to be the precursor of topological insulator by Kane-Mele. They developed a Hamiltonian model to describe the gap opening in graphene. In this work, we investigate the band structure of few-layer graphene by using this model with analytical approach. The results of our calculations show that the gap opening occurs at K and K point, not only in single layer, but also in bilayer and trilayer graphene.

Sahdan, Muhammad Fauzi, E-mail: sahdan89@yahoo.co.id; Darma, Yudi, E-mail: sahdan89@yahoo.co.id [Department of Physics, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesa 10, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia)

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

433

Structure of the yrast band in the odd-odd deformed nucleus {sup 156}Pm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The six-level sequence deduced for the odd-odd nucleus {sup 156}Pm in the high-spin studies following spontaneous fission of {sup 252}Cf is shown to constitute the K{sup {pi}=}4{sup +} yrast band having the two-quasiparticle configuration {l_brace}p:5/2[532]+ n:3/2[521]{r_brace}. Spin parities I{sup {pi}=}4{sup +} through 9{sup +} are assigned to the earlier suggested six levels. The location and the decay {gamma}'s of the 10{sup +} level of this band are indicated. It is also pointed out that there are no {gamma} rays common to these postfission high-spin spectra and those seen in the {sup 156}Nd {beta}-decay studies.

Sood, P. C.; Sai, K. Vijay; Gowrishankar, R. [Department of Physics, Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Prasanthi Nilayam (AP) 515134 (India); Sainath, M. [Department of Physics, Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Prasanthi Nilayam (AP) 515134 (India); Department of Physics, Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies, Hyderabad (AP) 500032 (India)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

Support pedestals for interconnecting a cover and nozzle band wall in a gas turbine nozzle segment  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gas turbine nozzle segment has outer and inner band portions. Each band portion includes a nozzle wall, a cover and an impingement plate between the cover and nozzle wall defining two cavities on opposite sides of the impingement plate. Cooling steam is supplied to one cavity for flow through the apertures of the impingement plate to cool the nozzle wall. Structural pedestals interconnect the cover and nozzle wall and pass through holes in the impingement plate to reduce localized stress otherwise resulting from a difference in pressure within the chamber of the nozzle segment and the hot gas path and the fixed turbine casing surrounding the nozzle stage. The pedestals may be cast or welded to the cover and nozzle wall.

Yu, Yufeng Phillip (Simpsonville, SC); Itzel, Gary Michael (Simpsonville, SC); Webbon, Waylon Willard (Greenville, SC); Bagepalli, Radhakrishna (Schenectady, NY); Burdgick, Steven Sebastian (Schenectady, NY); Kellock, Iain Robertson (Simpsonville, SC)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Pre-Stressed Viscoelastic Composites: Effective Incremental Moduli and Band-Gap Tuning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study viscoelastic wave propagation along pre-stressed nonlinear elastic composite bars. In the pre-stressed state we derive explicit forms for the effective incremental storage and loss moduli with dependence on the pre-stress. We also derive a dispersion relation for the effective wavenumber in the case of arbitrary frequency, hence permitting a study of viscoelastic band-gap tuning via pre-stress.

Parnell, William J. [School of Mathematics, Alan Turing Building, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL (United Kingdom)

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

436

Effect of silver incorporation in phase formation and band gap tuning of tungsten oxide thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Silver incorporated tungsten oxide thin films are prepared by RF magnetron sputtering technique. The effect of silver incorporation in micro structure evolution, phase enhancement, band gap tuning and other optical properties are investigated using techniques such as x-ray diffraction, micro-Raman spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, and UV-Visible spectroscopy. Effect of silver addition in phase formation and band gap tuning of tungsten oxide thin films are investigated. It is found that the texturing and phase formation improves with enhancement in silver content. It is also found that as the silver incorporation enhances the thickness of the films increases at the same time the strain in the film decreases. Even without annealing the desired phase can be achieved by doping with silver. A broad band centered at the wavelength 437 nm is observed in the absorption spectra of tungsten oxide films of higher silver incorporation and this can be attributed to surface plasmon resonance of silver atoms present in the tungsten oxide matrix. The transmittance of the films is decreased with increase in silver content which can be due to increase in film thickness, enhancement of scattering, and absorption of light caused by the increase of grain size, surface roughness and porosity of films and enhanced absorption due to surface plasmon resonance of silver. It is found that silver can act as the seed for the growth of tungsten oxide grains and found that the grain size increases with silver content which in turn decreases the band gap of tungsten oxide from 3.14 eV to 2.70 eV.

Jolly Bose, R.; Kumar, R. Vinod; Sudheer, S. K.; Mahadevan Pillai, V. P. [Department of Optoelectronics, University of Kerala, Kariyavattom, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695581 (India); Reddy, V. R.; Ganesan, V. [UGC - DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, Khandwa Road, Indore 452017, Madhyapradesh (India)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Miniaturized Multi-Band Antenna Design via Element Collocation and Inductive Feed Loading  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a FY09 SDRD project, four separate antennas were designed to receive signals of interest covering a broad range of frequencies. While the elements exceeded specifications, the array footprint is substantial. Research performed by the CU Microwave Active Antenna Group in collaboration with RSL, showed promise in realizing a reduced structure. This work will expand upon this previous research. This project will result in a prototype quad-band antenna.

Martin, R. P.

2012-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

438

A NEW MULTI-BAND RADIAL VELOCITY TECHNIQUE FOR DETECTING EXOPLANETS AROUND ACTIVE STARS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The radial velocity (RV) technique is one of the most efficient ways of detecting exoplanets. However, large RV jitters induced by starspots on an active star can inhibit detection of any exoplanet present or even lead to a false positive detection. This paper presents a new multi-band RV technique capable of substantially reducing starspot-induced RV jitters from stellar RV measurements to allow efficient and accurate extraction of RV signals caused by exoplanets. It takes full advantage of the correlation of RV jitters at different spectral bands and the independence of exoplanet signals at the corresponding bands. Simulations with a single-spot model and a multi-spot model have been conducted to investigate the RV jitter reduction capability of this method. The results show that this method can reduce the RV jitter amplitude by at least an order of magnitude, allowing detection of weaker exoplanet signals without significantly increasing RV observation time and cadence. This method can greatly reduce the observation time required to detect Earth-like planets around solar type stars with {approx}0.1 m s{sup -1} long term Doppler precision if spot-induced jitter is the dominant astrophysical noise source for RV measurements. This method can work efficiently for RV jitter removal if: (1) all the spots on a target star have approximately the same temperature during RV observations; (2) the RV jitter amplitude changes with wavelength, i.e., the RV jitter amplitude ratio, {alpha}, between two different spectral bands is not close to one; (3) the spot-induced RV jitter dominates the RV measurement error.

Ma Bo; Ge Jian, E-mail: boma@astro.ufl.edu, E-mail: jge@astrto.ufl.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States)

2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

439

Measurement of intensities of bands in the electronic absorption spectrum of chlorine dioxide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy levels are derived, Twelve bands in the electronic absorption spectrum of chlorine dioxide between the wavelengths 4250 R and 5250 R were photographed and measured. Of these twelve, the vibrational energy levels calculated for nine of them... Calculation of Vibrational Energy Levels . . . . , 35 Estimation of Errors . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . 38 CONCLUSIONS Conolusions ~ ~ ~ 47 B IBLI QGRAFEZ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 48 ~INTRGDUGT10 Analysis of thc rotational structure of the chlorine dioxide...

Rapp, Thomas Louis

1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Broad band X-ray spectrum of KS 1947+300 with BeppoSAX  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results obtained from three BeppoSAX observations of the accretion-powered transient X-ray pulsar KS 1947+300 carried out during the declining phase of its 2000 November -- 2001 June outburst. A detailed spectral study of KS 1947+300 across a wide X-ray band (0.1--100.0 keV) is attempted for the first time here. Timing analysis of the data clearly shows a 18.7 s pulsation in the X-ray light curves in the above energy band. The pulse profile of KS 1947+300 is characterized by a broad peak with sharp rise followed by a narrow dip. The dip in the pulse profile shows a very strong energy dependence. Broad-band pulse-phase-averaged spectroscopy obtained with three of the BeppoSAX instruments shows that the energy spectrum in the 0.1--100 keV energy band has three components, a Comptonized component, a ~0.6 keV blackbody component, and a narrow and weak iron emission line at 6.7 keV with a low column density of material in the line of sight. We place an upper limit on the equivalent width of the iron K_\\alpha line at 6.4 keV of ~13 eV (for a width of 100 eV). Assuming a spherical blackbody emitting region and the distance of the source to be 10 kpc, the radius of the emitting region is found to be in the range of 14--22 km, which rules out the inner accretion disk as the soft X-ray emitting region.

S. Naik; P. J. Callanan; B. Paul; T. Dotani

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agua caliente band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Vibration Stabilization of a Mechanical Model of a X-Band Linear Collider Final Focus Magnet  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The small beam sizes at the interaction point of a X-band linear collider require mechanical stabilization of the final focus magnets at the nanometer level. While passive systems provide adequate performance at many potential sites, active mechanical stabilization is useful if the natural or cultural ground vibration is higher than expected. A mechanical model of a room temperature linear collider final focus magnet has been constructed and actively stabilized with an accelerometer based system.

Frisch, Josef; Chang, Allison; Decker, Valentin; Doyle, Eric; Eriksson, Leif; Hendrickson, Linda; Himel, Thomas; Markiewicz, Thomas; Partridge, Richard; Seryi, Andrei; /SLAC

2006-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

442

The Moon Glistens: A New Work for Band by Joni Greene: A Conductor's Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the various ensembles within the UT band program. During the spring semester of 2001, Greene met Rafael Hernandez, a masters candidate and a teaching assistant in the UT composition department. After submitting some short works for Hernandez review, she... soon began taking weekly composition lessons with him. This was Greenes first formal training in musical composition and lead to the completion of her first piece: Wave. After meeting with some success studying with Hernandez, Greene auditioned...

Simons, Chad P.

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

443

Single particle spectral function in iron pnictide superconductors within two band model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The newly discovered iron based superconductors have shown a great deal of interest in the condensed matter physics community around the world to explore the experimental and theoretical aspects of electronic properties of these materials to underline the technological potential. These materials have a layered tetragonal crystal structure and generally show small anisotropy. Based on ARPES data to understand the band structure of these systems, we present a theoretical tight binding model and numerical computation of the single particle spectral function within two orbital per site for iron pnictide superconductors. The two band tight binding model Hamiltonian containing various orbitals hopping energies, intra- and inter- band electronic correlations and Hunds coupling energy in Fe 3d orbitals has been used. The expressions of single particle spectral function have been obtained by employing the Greens function equation of motion approach within BCS-mean-field approximation. The spectral function is numerically computed at different k-points of Brillouin zone in extended s-wave paring symmetry. It is noticed that the behavior of electronic states is different at different k-points of Brillouin zone and highly influenced by onsite Coulomb interactions. Further, It is predicted that the presence of onsite coulomb correlation suppress the spectral weight close to Fermi level in iron pnictide systems. On the basis of numerical computation we have compared our theoretical results with recent angle resolved photoemission spectroscopic ARPES data.

Rani, Luxmi, E-mail: Luxmiphyiitr@gmail.com; Ajay, E-mail: Luxmiphyiitr@gmail.com [Department of Applied Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Saharanpur Campus, Saharanpur- 247001 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

444

Photonic-band-gap properties for two-component slow light  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider two-component ''spinor'' slow light in an ensemble of atoms coherently driven by two pairs of counterpropagating control laser fields in a double tripod-type linkage scheme. We derive an equation of motion for the spinor slow light (SSL) representing an effective Dirac equation for a massive particle with the mass determined by the two-photon detuning. By changing the detuning the atomic medium acts as a photonic crystal with a controllable band gap. If the frequency of the incident probe light lies within the band gap, the light experiences reflection from the sample and can tunnel through it. For frequencies outside the band gap, the transmission and reflection probabilities oscillate with the increasing length of the sample. In both cases the reflection takes place into the complementary mode of the probe field. We investigate the influence of the finite excited state lifetime on the transmission and reflection coefficients of the probe light. We discuss possible experimental implementations of the SSL using alkali-metal atoms such as rubidium or sodium.

Ruseckas, J.; Kudriasov, V.; Juzeliunas, G.; Unanyan, R. G.; Otterbach, J.; Fleischhauer, M. [Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astronomy, Vilnius University, A. Gostauto 12, Vilnius 01108 (Lithuania); Fachbereich Physik and Research Center OPTIMAS, Technische Universitaet Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern D-67663 (Germany)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

445

FERROELECTRIC SWITCH FOR A HIGH-POWER Ka-BAND ACTIVE PULSE COMPRESSOR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results are presented for design of a high-power microwave switch for operation at 34.3 GHz, intended for use in an active RF pulse compressor. The active element in the switch is a ring of ferroelectric material, whose dielectric constant can be rapidly changed by application of a high-voltage pulse. As envisioned, two of these switches would be built into a pair of delay lines, as in SLED-II at SLAC, so as to allow 30-MW ?s-length Ka-band pulses to be compressed in time by a factor-of-9 and multiplied in amplitude to generate 200 MW peak power pulses. Such high-power pulses could be used for testing and evaluation of high-gradient mm-wave accelerator structures, for example. Evaluation of the switch design was carried out with an X-band (11.43 GHz) prototype, built to incorporate all the features required for the Ka-band version.

Hirshfield, Jay L. [Omega-P, Inc.] [Omega-P, Inc.

2013-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

446

THE VELA PULSAR AND ITS LIKELY COUNTER-JET IN THE K{sub s} BAND  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the first high spatial resolution near-infrared (near-IR) imaging of the Vela pulsar in the K{sub s} band obtained with the new adaptive optics system recently mounted on the Gemini-South telescope. For the first time, we have firmly detected the pulsar in this band with K{sub s} ? 21.8 mag, and have resolved in detail an extended feature barely detected previously in the immediate vicinity of the pulsar in the J{sub s}H bands. The pulsar K{sub s} flux is fully consistent with the extension of the flat optical spectrum of the pulsar toward the IR and does not confirm the strong IR flux excess in the pulsar emission suggested earlier by the low spatial resolution data. The extended feature is about two times brighter than the pulsar and is likely associated with its X-ray counter-jet. It extends ?2'' southward of the pulsar along the X-ray counter-jet and shows knot-like structures and a red spectrum.

Zyuzin, D.; Shibanov, Yu.; Danilenko, A. [Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, Politekhnicheskaya 26, St. Petersburg 194021 (Russian Federation); Mennickent, R. E. [Department of Astronomy, Universidad de Concepcion, Casilla 160-C, Concepcion (Chile); Zharikov, S. [Observatorio Astronmico Nacional SPM, Instituto de Astronoma, UNAM, Ensenada, BC (Mexico)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Ginzburg--Landau description of laminar-turbulent oblique band formation in transitional plane Couette flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plane Couette flow, the flow between two parallel planes moving in opposite directions, is an example of wall-bounded flow experiencing a transition to turbulence with an ordered coexistence of turbulent and laminar domains in some range of Reynolds numbers [R_g,R_t]. When the aspect-ratio is sufficiently large, this coexistence occurs in the form of alternately turbulent and laminar oblique bands. As R goes up trough the upper threshold R_t, the bands disappear progressively to leave room to a uniform regime of featureless turbulence. This continuous transition is studied here by means of under-resolved numerical simulations understood as a modelling approach adapted to the long time, large aspect-ratio limit. The state of the system is quantitatively characterised using standard observables (turbulent fraction and turbulence intensity inside the bands). A pair of complex order parameters is defined for the pattern which is further analysed within a standard Ginzburg--Landau formalism. Coefficients of the mo...

Rolland, Joran

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Spatial variation of void ratio and shear band thickness in sand using X-ray computed tomography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A detailed study of spatial variation of void ratio and shear band thickness measurements is presented in this paper. A prismatic sand specimen that initially measured 57{center_dot}4 mm wide x 120{center_dot}5 mm long x 182{center_dot}1 mm high was sheared under plane-strain (biaxial) loading conditions. The specimen was prepared at a relative density of 79% using F-75 Ottawa sand. X-ray computed tomography was used to scan the specimen before shearing and after the onset of the shear band. The specimen failed through a single shear band with an inclination angle of 65{center_dot}6{sup o} measured from the direction of the minor principal stress. Computer algorithms were developed to calibrate CT images and quantify void ratio (e) variation within the specimen. CT data analysis revealed cross-sectional spatial variation in void ratio where density is higher in regions close to the edges of the specimen due to membrane effects and confining pressure with no significant variation in void ratio in the axial direction (top to bottom) before shearing. The shear band was easily identified from the CT images, and analysis of void ratio showed a noticeable jump in void ratio profile across the shear band. A detailed statistical summary of the thickness of the shear band and variation of void ratio across the shear band is presented and discussed.

Alshibli, K.A.; Hasan, A. (LSU)

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Physical properties and band structure of reactive molecular beam epitaxy grown oxygen engineered HfO{sub 2{+-}x}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have conducted a detailed thin film growth structure of oxygen engineered monoclinic HfO{sub 2{+-}x} grown by reactive molecular beam epitaxy. The oxidation conditions induce a switching between (111) and (002) texture of hafnium oxide. The band gap of oxygen deficient hafnia decreases with increasing amount of oxygen vacancies by more than 1 eV. For high oxygen vacancy concentrations, defect bands form inside the band gap that induce optical transitions and p-type conductivity. The resistivity changes by several orders of magnitude as a function of oxidation conditions. Oxygen vacancies do not give rise to ferromagnetic behavior.

Hildebrandt, Erwin; Kurian, Jose; Alff, Lambert [Institute of Materials Science, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, 64287 Darmstadt (Germany)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

A dual polarized x-band pulse radar for ground based electromagnetic scattering experiment / by Allen William White  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) 218 219 221 Table C-7 XMTR/RCVR (T/R) Enclosure Wire List (50 - pin D connector) ~pa e 223 LIST OF FIGURES ~Fi ure X-Band Radar Scatterometer ~pa e I-2 Basic Block Diagram of the X-Band Radar Scatterometer X-Band Radar Block Diagram...) Produced by the SPST PIN diode Switch Modulator: fo' = 10. 000 GHz 77 ~Fi ure IV-15 ~pa e Graph of the Output Power Deviation of the CW Gunn Oscillator (Model No. MA 86130) as a Function of Temperature ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 79 IV-16 V-1 V-2 V-3 V-4 V-5 V...

White, Allen William

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

451

Influence of GaAs surface termination on GaSb/GaAs quantum dot structure and band offsets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have investigated the influence of GaAs surface termination on the nanoscale structure and band offsets of GaSb/GaAs quantum dots (QDs) grown by molecular-beam epitaxy. Transmission electron microscopy reveals both coherent and semi-coherent clusters, as well as misfit dislocations, independent of surface termination. Cross-sectional scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy reveal clustered GaSb QDs with type I band offsets at the GaSb/GaAs interfaces. We discuss the relative influences of strain and QD clustering on the band offsets at GaSb/GaAs interfaces.

Zech, E. S.; Chang, A. S.; Martin, A. J.; Canniff, J. C.; Millunchick, J. M. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2136 (United States)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2136 (United States); Lin, Y. H. [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2136 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2136 (United States); Goldman, R. S. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2136 (United States) [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2136 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2136 (United States)

2013-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

452

Identification of the {gamma}-vibrational band built on the 11/2{sup -}[505] orbital in {sup 165}Er  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Excited states in {sup 165}Er have been populated using the {sup 160}Gd({sup 9}Be, 4n) reaction at beam energies of 42 and 45 MeV. A band consisting of two levels at excitation energies of 1317.6 and 1505.9 keV, both of which decay strongly to the 11/2{sup -}[505] band, is observed and assigned as the {gamma}-vibrational band built on the 11/2{sup -}[505] configuration. In addition, a newly identified level is proposed as a three-quasiparticle state.

Wang, S. T. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Zhou, X. H.; Zhang, Y. H.; Sun, Z. Y.; Zheng, Y.; Liu, M. L.; Chen, L.; Zhang, N. T.; Hu, J.; Ma, F.; Hua, W.; Guo, S.; Qiang, Y. H.; Ma, L.; Fang, Y. D.; Li, G. S.; Zhou, H. B.; Ding, B.; Wang, H. X.; Lei, X. G. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

453

ngatif des tubes oxygne rarfi, il s'est trouv conduit modi-fier sa conclusion prcdente et regarder la premire bande  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

précédente et à regarder la première bande (5182) comme étant due à l'azote et la bande (5592) comme étant

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

454

JORNADA AGUA Y ENERGA Organiza: Instituto Universitario del Agua y de las Ciencias Ambientales (IUACA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Desarrollo e Innovación Joaquín Melgarejo Moreno Director del IUACA 9:30-11:00. Renovables e energética de los recursos hídricos Andrés Molina Giménez Profesor titular de Derecho Administrativo #12

Escolano, Francisco

455

Electronic structure of Pt based topological Heusler compounds with C1{sub b} structure and 'zero band gap'  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Besides of their well-known wide range of properties it was recently shown that many of the heavy Heusler semiconductors with 1:1:1 composition and C1{sub b} structure exhibit a zero band gap behavior and are topological insulators induced by their inverted band structure. In the present study, the electronic structure of the Heusler compounds PtYSb and PtLaBi was investigated by bulk sensitive hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The measured valence band spectra are clearly resolved and in well agreement to the first-principles calculations of the electronic structure of the compounds. The experimental results give clear evidence for the zero band gap state.

Ouardi, Siham; Shekhar, Chandra; Fecher, Gerhard H.; Kozina, Xeniya; Stryganyuk, Gregory; Felser, Claudia [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie und Analytische Chemie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, D-55099 Mainz (Germany); Ueda, Shigenori; Kobayashi, Keisuke [NIMS Beamline Station at SPring-8, National Institute for Materials Science, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan)

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

456

Conduction band discontinuity and electron confinement at the Si[subscript x]Ge[subscript 1?x]/Ge interface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Germanium rich heterostructures can constitute a valid alternative to Silicon for the confinement of single electron spins. The conduction band discontinuity in SiGe/Ge heterostructures grown on pure germanium substrate ...

Mazzeo, G.

457

Study of band bending effect in Dye Sensitized Solar Cell through Constant-Current-Discharging Voltage Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A measurement method of constant-current-discharging voltage decay is established to characterize the band bending effect in the heterojunction of conducting glass/TiO2 for typical dye-sensitized solar cells. Furthermore, a dark-state electron transport regarding the TiO2 conduction band bending is proposed based upon the viewpoints of thermionic emission mechanism, which suggests an origin of the band bending effect in a theoretical model. This model quantitatively agrees well with our experimental results and indicates that both the Fermi level decay in TiO2 and the potential difference across the heterojunction will lead to the TiO2 conduction band bending downwards.

Wang, Xiaoqi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Apparatus and methods for relieving thermally induced stresses in inner and outer bands of thermally cooled turbine nozzle stages  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

To control the temperature mismatch between the inner and outer bands and covers forming plenums with the inner and outer bands on sides thereof remote from the hot gas path, passages extend from the leading edge of the covers in communication with the hot gases of combustion to the trailing edge of the covers in communication with the hot gas flowpath. A mixing chamber is provided in each passage in communication with compressor discharge air for mixing the hot gases of combustion and compressor discharge air for flow through the passage, thereby heating the cover and minimizing the temperature differential between the inner and outer bands and their respective covers. The passages are particularly useful adjacent the welded or brazed joints between the covers and inner band portions.

Yu, Yufeng Phillip (Guilderland, NY); Itzel, Gary Michael (Clifton Park, NY); Correia, Victor H. S. (Milton Mills, NH)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Defect assistant band alignment transition from staggered to broken gap in mixed As/Sb tunnel field effect transistor heterostructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.3As heterointerface. As a result, the band alignment was converted from staggered gap to broken gap-to-source voltage, VGS. As the SS of a MOSFET is governed by the transport mechanism of thermionic-emission over

Yener, Aylin

460

Scent marking in wild banded mongooses: 3. Intrasexual overmarking Neil R. Jordan a,*, Francis Mwanguhya a,b,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scent marking in wild banded mongooses: 3. Intrasexual overmarking in females Neil R. Jordan a, this is the first study to investigate female over- marking in any wild mammal. First, although we found some

Rüedi, Peter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agua caliente band" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Band structures in {sup 106}Ag and systematics of shears mechanism in the Aapprox110 mass region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-spin states of {sup 106}Ag were populated via the fusion-evaporation reaction {sup 100}Mo ({sup 11}B,5n){sup 106}Ag at a beam energy of 60 MeV. A rich level scheme with six band structures has been established. A high-K negative-parity band has been identified and assigned to the pig{sub 9/2} x nu[h{sub 11/2}(g{sub 7/2}/d{sub 5/2}){sup 2}] configuration. The positive parity DELTAI=1 band, built on the 12{sup +} state, is discussed in terms of the magnetic rotation model. The systematic study of similar bands in the Aapprox110 mass region indicates that the magnetic rotation phenomenon has, as lower boundary, the Ag isotopes at Z=47.

He, C. Y.; Wu, X. G.; Wen, S. X.; Li, G. S.; Liu, Y.; Wang, Z. M.; Li, X. Q.; Ma, R. G.; Yang, C. X. [China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing 102413 (China); Zhu, L. H. [China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing 102413 (China); School of Science, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060 (China); Cui, X. Z. [Department of Physics, Jilin University, Changchun 130023 (China); Sun, H. B. [School of Science, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060 (China)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

462

Study of valence-band intersublevel transitions in InAs/GaAs quantum dots-in-well infrared photodetectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/104/17?ver=pdfcov Published by the AIP Publishing Articles you may be interested in An intermediate-band

Matsik, Steven G.

463

Interplay between elastic instabilities and shear-banding: three categories of TaylorCouette flows and beyond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the past twenty years, shear-banding flows have been probed by various techniques, such as rheometry, velocimetry and flow birefringence. In micellar solutions, many of the data collected exhibit unexplained spatiotemporal ...

Fardin, M. A.

464

Direct optical measurement of the valence band offset of p Si1 x yGexCy /p Si,,100... by heterojunction internal photoemission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

have been performed to study the effect of substitutional carbon on the valence band offset with substitutional carbon levels up to 2.5%. Carbon decreased the valence band offset by 26 1 meV/% substitutional indicated that carbon decreased the valence band offset ( Ev) of the resulting Si1 x yGexCy /Si

Rokhinson, Leonid

465

Getting simultaneous red and near-infrared band data from a single digital camera for plant monitoring applications: theoretical and practical study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Getting simultaneous red and near-infrared band data from a single digital camera for plant Abstract. Multispectral images, including red and near-infrared bands, have proved efficient for vegetation imaging devices. A methodology is proposed to obtain simultaneously the near-infrared and red bands from

Boyer, Edmond

466

A DUAL-BAND MILLIMETER-WAVE KINETIC INDUCTANCE CAMERA FOR THE IRAM 30 m TELESCOPE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Neel IRAM KIDs Array (NIKA) is a fully integrated measurement system based on kinetic inductance detectors (KIDs) currently being developed for millimeter wave astronomy. The instrument includes dual-band optics allowing simultaneous imaging at 150 GHz and 220 GHz. The imaging sensors consist of two spatially separated arrays of KIDs. The first array, mounted on the 150 GHz branch, is composed of 144 lumped-element KIDs. The second array (220 GHz) consists of 256 antenna-coupled KIDs. Each of the arrays is sensitive to a single polarization; the band splitting is achieved by using a grid polarizer. The optics and sensors are mounted in a custom dilution cryostat, with an operating temperature of {approx}70 mK. Electronic readout is realized using frequency multiplexing and a transmission line geometry consisting of a coaxial cable connected in series with the sensor array and a low-noise 4 K amplifier. The dual-band NIKA was successfully tested in 2010 October at the Institute for Millimetric Radio Astronomy (IRAM) 30 m telescope at Pico Veleta, Spain, performing in-line with laboratory predictions. An optical NEP was then calculated to be around 2 x 10{sup -16} W Hz{sup -1/2} (at 1 Hz) while under a background loading of approximately 4 pW pixel{sup -1}. This improvement in comparison with a preliminary run (2009) verifies that NIKA is approaching the target sensitivity for photon-noise limited ground-based detectors. Taking advantage of the larger arrays and increased sensitivity, a number of scientifically relevant faint and extended objects were then imaged including the Galactic Center SgrB2 (FIR1), the radio galaxy Cygnus A, and the NGC1068 Seyfert galaxy. These targets were all observed simultaneously in the 150 GHz and 220 GHz atmospheric windows.

Monfardini, A.; Benoit, A.; Bideaud, A.; Swenson, L.; Cruciani, A.; Camus, P.; Hoffmann, C. [Institut Neel, CNRS and Universite Joseph Fourier (UJF), Grenoble F-38042 (France); Desert, F. X. [Institut de Planetologie et d'Astrophysique, UJF and CNRS-INSU, Grenoble F-38041 (France); Doyle, S.; Ade, P.; Mauskopf, P.; Tucker, C. [Cardiff School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF24 3AA (United Kingdom); Roesch, M.; Leclercq, S.; Schuster, K. F. [Institut de RadioAstronomie Millimetrique (IRAM), Saint Martin d'Heres F-38406 (France); Endo, A. [Kavli Institute of NanoScience, Delft University of Technology, 2628 CJ Delft (Netherlands); Baryshev, A.; Baselmans, J. J. A.; Ferrari, L.; Yates, S. J. C, E-mail: monfardini@grenoble.cnrs.fr [SRON, Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 3584 CA Utrecht and 9700 AV Groningen (Netherlands)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

MAPPING H-BAND SCATTERED LIGHT EMISSION IN THE MYSTERIOUS SR21 TRANSITIONAL DISK  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the first near infrared (NIR) spatially resolved images of the circumstellar transitional disk around SR21. These images were obtained with the Subaru HiCIAO camera, adaptive optics, and the polarized differential imaging technique. We resolve the disk in scattered light at H-band for stellocentric 0.''1 {<=} r {<=} 0.''6 (12 {approx}< r {approx}< 75 AU). We compare our results with previously published spatially resolved 880 {mu}m continuum Submillimeter Array images that show an inner r {approx}< 36 AU cavity in SR21. Radiative transfer models reveal that the large disk depletion factor invoked to explain SR21's sub-mm cavity cannot be 'universal' for all grain sizes. Even significantly more moderate depletions ({delta} = 0.1, 0.01 relative to an undepleted disk) than those that reproduce the sub-mm cavity ({delta} {approx} 10{sup -6}) are inconsistent with our H-band images when they are assumed to carry over to small grains, suggesting that surface grains scattering in the NIR either survive or are generated by whatever mechanism is clearing the disk midplane. In fact, the radial polarized intensity profile of our H-band observations is smooth and steeply inwardly-increasing (r {sup -3}), with no evidence of a break at the 36 AU sub-mm cavity wall. We hypothesize that this profile is dominated by an optically thin disk envelope or atmosphere component. We also discuss the compatibility of our data with the previously postulated existence of a sub-stellar companion to SR21 at r {approx} 10-20 AU, and find that we can neither exclude nor verify this scenario. This study demonstrates the power of multiwavelength imaging of transitional disks to inform modeling efforts, including the debate over precisely what physical mechanism is responsible for clearing these disks of their large midplane grains.

Follette, Katherine B.; Close, Laird [Steward Observatory, The University of Arizona, 933 N Cherry Ave, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)] [Steward Observatory, The University of Arizona, 933 N Cherry Ave, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Tamura, Motohide; Hashimoto, Jun; Kwon, Jungmi; Kandori, Ryo [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)] [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Whitney, Barbara [Astronomy Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 475 N. Charter Street, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)] [Astronomy Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 475 N. Charter Street, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Grady, Carol [Eureka Scientific, 2452 Delmer, Suite 100, Oakland, CA 96002 (United States)] [Eureka Scientific, 2452 Delmer, Suite 100, Oakland, CA 96002 (United States); Andrews, Sean M. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)] [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Wisniewski, John [H.L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, 440 W Brooks St Norman, OK 73019 (United States)] [H.L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, 440 W Brooks St Norman, OK 73019 (United States); Brandt, Timothy D.; Dong, Ruobing [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, NJ 08544 (United States)] [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, NJ 08544 (United States); Mayama, Satoshi [The Center for the Promotion of Integrated Sciences, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (Sokendai), Shonan International Village, Hayama-cho, Miura-gun, Kanagawa 240-0193 (Japan)] [The Center for the Promotion of Integrated Sciences, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (Sokendai), Shonan International Village, Hayama-cho, Miura-gun, Kanagawa 240-0193 (Japan); Abe, Lyu [Laboratoire Lagrange, UMR7293, Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, F-06300 Nice (France)] [Laboratoire Lagrange, UMR7293, Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, F-06300 Nice (France); Brandner, Wolfgang; Feldt, Markus [Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Koenigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany)] [Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Koenigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Carson, Joseph [Department of Physics and Astronomy, College of Charleston, 58 Coming St., Charleston, SC 29424 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, College of Charleston, 58 Coming St., Charleston, SC 29424 (United States); Currie, Thayne [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street M5S 3H4, Toronto Ontario (Canada)] [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street M5S 3H4, Toronto Ontario (Canada); Egner, Sebastian E. [Subaru Telescope, 650 North Aohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States)] [Subaru Telescope, 650 North Aohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Goto, Miwa, E-mail: kfollette@as.arizona.edu [Universitats-Sternwarte Munchen, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat, Scheinerstr. 1, D-81679 Munchen (Germany)] [Universitats-Sternwarte Munchen, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat, Scheinerstr. 1, D-81679 Munchen (Germany); and others

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

468

RF study and simulations of a C-band Barrel Open Cavity (BOC) pulse compressor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper focuses on the RF study of a C-band(5712MHz) BOC pulse compressor. The operating principle of BOC is presented and the technical specifications are determined. The main components of BOC such as the cavity, the matching waveguide, the coupling slots and the tuning rings were numerically simulated by 3-D codes software HFSS and CST Microwave Studio(MWS). The "whispering gallery" mode TM6,1,1 with an unload Q of 100000 was chosen to oscillate in the cavity. An energy multiplication factor of 1.99 and a peak power gain of 6.34 were achieved theoretically.

Shu, Guan; He, Xiang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Waveguides in three-dimensional metallic photonic band-gap materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We theoretically investigate waveguide structures in three-dimensional metallic photonic band-gap (MPBG) materials. The MPBG materials used in this study consist of a three-dimensional mesh of metallic wires embedded in a dielectric. An {ital L}-shaped waveguide is created by removing part of the metallic wires. Using finite difference time domain simulations, we found that an 85{percent} transmission efficiency can be achieved through the 90{degree} bend with just three unit cell thickness MPBG structures. thinsp {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}

Sigalas, M.M.; Biswas, R.; Ho, K.M.; Soukoulis, C.M. [Ames Laboratory and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)] [Ames Laboratory and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States); Crouch, D.D. [Advanced Electromagnetic Technologies Center, Raytheon Corporation, Rancho Cucamonga, California 91729 (United States)] [Advanced Electromagnetic Technologies Center, Raytheon Corporation, Rancho Cucamonga, California 91729 (United States)

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

X-band Scanning ARM Precipitation Radar (X-SAPR) Instrument Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The X-band scanning ARM cloud radar (X-SAPR) is a full-hemispherical scanning polarimetric Doppler radar transmitting simultaneously in both H and V polarizations. With a 200 kW magnetron transmitter, this puts 100 kW of transmitted power for each polarization. The receiver for the X-SAPR is a Vaisala Sigmet RVP-900 operating in a coherent-on-receive mode. Three X-SAPRs are deployed around the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Central Facility in a triangular array. A fourth X-SAPR is deployed near Barrow, Alaska on top of the Barrow Arctic Research Center.

Widener, K; Bharadwaj, N

2012-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

471

Extrapolations of BATSE Gamma-Ray Burst Spectra to the Optical-UV Band  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many gamma-ray burst counterpart searches are being conducted in the optical-UV band. To both predict detectability and understand the meaning of any detections or upper limits, we extrapolate gamma-ray spectra from 54 bright gamma-ray bursts to optical-UV energies. We assume optical emission is concurrent with gamma-ray emission and do not consider quiescent or fading counterparts. We find that the spectrum must be steeper (greater flux at low energy) than a simple extrapolation of the gamma-ray spectrum for more than one simultaneous optical flash to be observable per year by current searches.

Lyle Ford; David Band

1996-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

472

Intersublevel dephasing in InAs/GaAs quantum dots below the Reststrahlen band  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using transient four-wave mixing in the terahertz range, we have measured the s-p inter-sublevel dephasing time in self-assembled InAs/GaAs quantum dots for transition energies below the Reststrahlen band. Dephasing times of up to 600?ps at a photon energy of 18?meV have been determined. By comparing pump-probe and four-wave mixing measurements, we show that there is no significant influence of any pure dephasing process at low temperature. The linear temperature dependence is consistent with acoustic phonon scattering.

Teich, M., E-mail: m.teich@hzdr.de; Stephan, D. R.; Helm, M. [Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, P.O. Box 510119, 01314 Dresden (Germany) [Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, P.O. Box 510119, 01314 Dresden (Germany); Technische Universitt Dresden, 01062 Dresden (Germany); Winnerl, S.; Schneider, H. [Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, P.O. Box 510119, 01314 Dresden (Germany)] [Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, P.O. Box 510119, 01314 Dresden (Germany); Wilson, L. R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S3 7RH (United Kingdom)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S3 7RH (United Kingdom)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

473

The B$^2\\Pi-$X$^2\\Pi$ electronic origin band of $^{13}$C$_6$H  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The rotationally resolved spectrum of the B$^2\\Pi-$X$^2\\Pi$ electronic origin band transition of $^{13}$C$_6$H is presented. The spectrum is recorded using cavity ring-down spectroscopy in combination with supersonic plasma jets by discharging a $^{13}$C$_2$H$_2$/He/Ar gas mixture. A detailed analysis of more than a hundred fully-resolved transitions allows for an accurate determination of the spectroscopic parameters for both the ground and electronically excited state of $^{13}$C$_6$H.

Bacalla, Xavier; Salumbides, Edcel J; Haddad, Mohammad Ali; Linnartz, Harold; Ubachs, Wim

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Measurement of the surface wavelength distribution of narrow-band radiation by a colorimetric method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method is suggested for determining the wavelength of narrow-band light from a digital photograph of a radiating surface. The digital camera used should be appropriately calibrated. The accuracy of the wavelength measurement is better than 1 nm. The method was tested on the yellow doublet of mercury spectrum and on the adjacent continuum of the incandescent lamp radiation spectrum. By means of the method suggested the homogeneity of holographic sensor swelling was studied in stationary and transient cases. (laser applications and other topics in quantum electronics)

Kraiskii, A V; Mironova, T V; Sultanov, T T [P N Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2010-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

475

Double Wall Carbon Nanotubes for Wide-Band, Ultrafast Pulse Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accepted Manuscript: ACS Nano, 2014, 8 (5), pp 48364847DOI: 10.1021/nn500767b 1 Double Wall Carbon Nanotubes for Wide-Band, Ultrafast Pulse Generation Tawfique Hasan1,*, Zhipei Sun2, PingHeng Tan3, Daniel Popa1, Emmanuel Flahaut4,5, Edmund J. R... , Polymer Composites, Saturable Absorber, Ultrafast Laser. Accepted Manuscript: ACS Nano, 2014, 8 (5), pp 48364847DOI: 10.1021/nn500767b 2 ABSTRACT: We demonstrate wideband ultrafast optical pulse generation at 1, 1.5 and 2?m using a single polymer...

Hasan, Tawfique; Sun, Zhipei; Tan, PingHeng; Popa, Daniel; Flahaut, Emmanuel; Kelleher, Edmund J. R.; Bonaccorso, Francesco; Wang, Fengqiu; Jiang, Zhe; Torrisi, Felice; Privitera, Giulia; Nicolosi, Valeria; Ferrari, Andrea C.

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

476

Dual-etalon cavity ring-down frequency-comb spectroscopy with broad band light source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In an embodiment, a dual-etalon cavity-ring-down frequency-comb spectrometer system is described. A broad band light source is split into two beams. One beam travels through a first etalon and a sample under test, while the other beam travels through a second etalon, and the two beams are recombined onto a single detector. If the free spectral ranges ("FSR") of the two etalons are not identical, the interference pattern at the detector will consist of a series of beat frequencies. By monitoring these beat frequencies, optical frequencies where light is absorbed may be determined.

Chandler, David W; Strecker, Kevin E

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Characterization and calibration of 8-channel E-band heterodyne radiometer system for SST-1 tokamak  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An 8-channel E-band heterodyne radiometer system (7486 GHz) is designed, characterized, and calibrated to measure the radial electron temperature profile by measuring Electron Cyclotron Emission spectrum at SST-1 Tokamak. The developed radiometer has a noise equivalent temperature of 1 eV and sensitivity of 5 10{sup 9} V/W. In order to precisely measure the absolute value of electron temperature, a calibration measurement of the radiometer system is performed using hot-cold Dicke switch method, which confirms the system linearity.

Siju, Varsha; Kumar, Dharmendra; Shukla, Praveena; Pathak, S. K. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382428 (India)] [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382428 (India)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

478

Analysis of plasma-magnetic photonic crystal with a tunable band gap  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, electromagnetic wave propagation through the one-dimensional plasma-magnetic photonic crystal in the presence of external magnetic field has been analyzed. The dispersion relation, transmission and reflection coefficients have been obtained by using the transfer matrix method. It is investigated how photonic band gap of photonic crystals will be tuned when both dielectric function {epsilon} and magnetic permeability {mu} of the constitutive materials, depend on applied magnetic field. This is shown by one dimensional photonic crystals consisting of plasma and ferrite material layers stacked alternately.

Mehdian, H.; Mohammadzahery, Z.; Hasanbeigi, A. [Department of Physics and Plasma Research Institute of Tarbiat Moallem University, 49 Dr Mofatteh Avenue, Tehran 15614 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

479

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: W-Band ARM Cloud Radar  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD) by Microtops AtmosphericApplication andAnthe Infrared LandSystem W-Band ARM Cloud Radar System

480

Accurate Valence Band Maximum Determination for SrTiO(001) . | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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481

An intermediate-band photometric study of the "Globular Cluster" NGC 2419  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NGC 2419 is one of the remotest star clusters in the Milky Way halo and its exact nature is yet unclear: While it has traits reminiscent of a globular cluster (GC), its large radius and suggestions of an abundance spread have fueled the discussion about its origin in an extragalactic environment, possibly the remnants of the accretion of a dwarf galaxy. Here, we present first results from deep intermediate-band photometry of NGC 2419, which enables us to search for chemical (light element) abundance variations, metallicity spreads, and thus multiple stellar populations through well calibrated Stroemgren indices.

Koch, Andreas; Feltzing, Sofia; Aden, Daniel; Kacharov, Nikolay; Wilkinson, Mark I

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

DOE/SC-ARM/TR-122 G-Band Vapor Radiometer Precipitable Water  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phases onOrganizationElectronic Reading2Q)38232 Revision2 G-Band Vapor

483

Direct space-time observation of pulse tunneling in an electromagnetic band gap  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present space-time-resolved measurements of electromagnetic pulses tunneling through a coaxial electromagnetic band gap structure. The results show that during the tunneling process the field distribution inside the barrier is an exponentially decaying standing wave whose amplitude increases and decreases as it slowly follows the temporal evolution of the input pulse. At no time is a pulse maximum found inside the barrier, and hence the transmitted peak is not the incident peak that has propagated to the exit. The results support the quasistatic interpretation of tunneling dynamics and confirm that the group delay is not the traversal time of the input pulse peak.

Doiron, Serge; Hache, Alain [Department de physique et d'astronomie, Universite de Moncton, Moncton, New Brunswick, E1A 3E9 (Canada); Winful, Herbert G. [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, 1301 Beal Avenue, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122 (United States)

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

484

Multiple-band reflective polarization converter using U-shaped metamaterial  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A multiple-band metamaterial reflective polarization converter (RPC) is proposed, which is composed of the dielectric substrate sandwiched with U-shaped metallic patterns and continuous metal film. The proposed U-shaped metamaterial RPC (UMM-RPC) can convert a linearly polarized wave to its cross polarized wave at the three resonant frequencies, which also can convert the linearly polarized wave to circularly polarized wave at other three resonant frequencies. Furthermore, the proposed UMM-RPC can maintain the same conversional direction at the three resonant frequencies when incident on a circularly polarized wave. The simulated and measured results are in agreement in the entire frequency range, and the polarization conversion ratio is over 90% for both linear and circular polarizations. The surface current distributions of the UMM-RPC are discussed to look into the physical mechanism. The proposed UMM-RPC has simple geometry but more operating frequency bands compared to the previous designs and can be used in applications such as antenna radome, remote sensors, and radiometer.

Huang, Xiaojun [College of Physical Science and Technology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079 (China); Department of Physics, Kashgar Teachers College, Kashgar 844000 (China); Yang, Dong [College of Physics and Electronics Science, Hubei Normal University, Huangshi 435002 (China); Yang, Helin, E-mail: emyang@mail.ccnu.edu.cn [College of Physical Science and Technology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079 (China)

2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

485

Electron momentum density, band structure, and structural properties of SrS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electron momentum density, the electronic band structure, and the structural properties of SrS are presented in this paper. The isotropic Compton profile, anisotropies in the directional Compton profiles, the electronic band structure and density of states are calculated using the ab initio periodic linear combination of atomic orbitals method with the CRYSTAL06 code. Structural parameters of SrS-lattice constants and bulk moduli in the B1 and B2 phases-are computed together with the transition pressure. The computed parameters are well in agreement with earlier investigations. To compare the calculated isotropic Compton profile, measurement on polycrystalline SrS is performed using 5Ci-{sup 241}Am Compton spectrometer. Additionally, charge transfer is studied by means of the Compton profiles computed from the ionic model. The nature of bonding in the isovalent SrS and SrO compounds is compared on the basis of equal-valenceelectron-density profiles and the bonding in SrS is found to be more covalent than in SrO.

Sharma, G., E-mail: gsphysics@gmail.com [University of Kota, Department of Pure and Applied Physics (India); Munjal, N.; Vyas, V. [Banasthali University, Department of Physics (India)] [Banasthali University, Department of Physics (India); Kumar, R.; Sharma, B. K. [University of Rajasthan, Department of Physics (India)] [University of Rajasthan, Department of Physics (India); Joshi, K. B. [MLS University, Department of Physics (India)] [MLS University, Department of Physics (India)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

486

Bright broad-band afterglows of gravitational wave bursts from mergers of binary neutron stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

If double neutron star mergers leave behind a massive magnetar rather than a black hole, a bright early afterglow can follow the gravitational wave burst (GWB) even if there is no short gamma-ray burst (SGRB) - GWB association or there is an association but the SGRB does not beam towards earth. Besides directly dissipating the proto-magnetar wind as suggested by Zhang, we here suggest that the magnetar wind could push the ejecta launched during the merger process, and under certain conditions, would reach a relativistic speed. Such a magnetar-powered ejecta, when interacting with the ambient medium, would develop a bright broad-band afterglow due to synchrotron radiation. We study this physical scenario in detail, and present the predicted X-ray, optical and radio light curves for a range of magnetar and ejecta parameters. We show that the X-ray and optical lightcurves usually peak around the magnetar spindown time scale (10^3-10^5s), reaching brightness readily detectable by wide-field X-ray and optical telescopes, and remain detectable for an extended period. The radio afterglow peaks later, but is much brighter than the case without a magnetar energy injection. Therefore, such bright broad-band afterglows, if detected and combined with GWBs in the future, would be a probe of massive millisecond magnetars and stiff equation-of-state for nuclear matter.

He Gao; Xuan Ding; Xue-Feng Wu; Bing Zhang; Zi-Gao Dai

2013-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

487

Fluorescent growth bands in irradiated-bitumen nodules: Evidence of episodic hydrocarbon migration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Minute rims of solid bitumen ({approximately}40-50 {mu}m thick) surround detrital radioactive grains in the Permian-Triassic sandstones and Arranoo Member of the Kockatea Shale from the northern Perth basin, Australia. The bitumen formed as Th- and U-bearing minerals (monazite, xenotime, zircon, thorite) irradiated and immobilized fluid hydrocarbons coming within range of alpha-particle emissions. using transmitted light and scanning electron microscopy and rims appear compositionally homogeneous, but under blue/violet epifluorescent illumination the bitumen displays complex concentric and contorted banding. These fluorescent textures indicate that multiple influxes of hydrocarbons passed through the reservoir sandstones. Following radiation-induced immobilization of hydrocarbons from the first oil influx, the bitumen nodules grew through a process of swelling and expansion outward form the mineral core during subsequent oil influxes, producing graded fluorescent growth bands. Oil droplets and lamellae also were adsorbed onto the outer portion of the nodules. Such bitumen nodules are a new and potentially important source of data for understanding the movement of hydrocarbons in sedimentary basins, specifically for identifying hydrocarbon pathways, the number of discrete hydrocarbon pulses, and the relative timing of oil migration.

Rasmussen, B. [Univ. of Western Australia, Nedlands (Australia)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Periodic dielectric structure for production of photonic band gap and devices incorporating the same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A periodic dielectric structure which is capable of producing a photonic band gap and which is capable of practical construction. The periodic structure is formed of a plurality of layers, each layer being formed of a plurality of rods separated by a given spacing. The material of the rods contrasts with the material between the rods to have a refractive index contrast of at least two. The rods in each layer are arranged with their axes parallel and at a given spacing. Adjacent layers are rotated by 90.degree., such that the axes of the rods in any given layer are perpendicular to the axes in its neighbor. Alternating layers (that is, successive layers of rods having their axes parallel such as the first and third layers) are offset such that the rods of one are about at the midpoint between the rods of the other. A four-layer periocity is thus produced, and successive layers are stacked to form a three-dimensional structure which exhibits a photonic band gap. By virtue of forming the device in layers of elongate members, it is found that the device is susceptible of practical construction.

Ho, Kai-Ming (Ames, IA); Chan, Che-Ting (Ames, IA); Soukoulis, Costas (Ames, IA)

1994-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

489

Demonstration of dual-band infrared thermal imaging for bridge inspection. Phase II, final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Developing and implementing methods of effective bridge rehabilitation is a major issue for the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). The nation spends $5 billion annually to replace, rehabilitate or construct new bridges. According to the National Bridge Inventory, over 100,000 U.S. bridges are structurally deficient. About 40,000 of these bridges have advanced deck deterioration. The most common causes of serious deck deterioration is delamination. Delaminations result when steel reinforcements within the bridge deck corrode, creating gaps that separate the concrete into layers. A reliable inspection technology, capable of identifying delaminations, would represent a power new tool in bridge maintenance. To date, most bridge inspections rely on human interpretation of surface visual features of chain dragging. These methods are slow, disruptive, unreliable and raise serious safety concerns. Infrared thermal imaging detects subsurface delaminations and surface clutter, which is introduced by foreign material on the roadway. Typically, foreign material which is not always evident on a video tape image, produces a unique IR reflectance background unlike the thermal response of a subsurface delamination. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) uses dual-band infrared (DBIR) thermal imaging to identify and remove nonthermal IR reflectance backgrounds from foreign material on the roadway. DBIR methods improve the performance of IR thermal imaging by a factor of ten, compared to single-band infrared (SBIR) methods. DBIR thermal imaging allows precise temperature measurement to reliably locate bridge deck delaminations and remove wavelength-dependent emissivity variations due to foreign material on the roadway.

Durbin, P.F.; Del Grande, N.K.; Schaich, P.C.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Nature of the narrow optical band in H*-aggregates: Dozy-chaosexciton coupling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dozy chaos emerges as a combined effect of the collective chaotic motion of electrons and nuclei, and their chaotic electromagnetic interactions in the transient state of molecules experiencing quantum transitions. Following earlier discussions of the well-known Brnsted relations for proton-transfer reactions; the temperature-dependent electron transfer in LangmuirBlodgett films; the shape of the optical bands of polymethine dye monomers, their dimers, and J-aggregates, this paper reports one more application of the dozy-chaos theory of molecular quantum transitions. The qualitative and quantitative explanations for shape of a narrow and blue-shifted optical absorption band in H{sup *}-aggregates is given on the basis of the dozy-chaos theory by taking into account the dozy-chaosexciton coupling effect. It is emphasized that in the H{sup *}-aggregate chromophore (dimer of cyclic bis-thiacarbocyanines) there is a competition between two Frenkel exciton transitions through the chaotic reorganization motion of nuclear environment. As a result, the highly organized quantum transition to the upper exciton state becomes an exciton-induced source of dozy chaos for the low organized transition to the lower exciton state. This manifests itself in appearing the narrow peak and broad wing in the optical spectrum pattern of H{sup *}-aggregates. A similar enhancement in the H{sup *}-effect caused by the strengthening of the exciton coupling in H{sup *}-dimers, which could be achieved by synthesizing tertiary and quarternary thiacarbocyanine monomers, is predicted.

Egorov, Vladimir V., E-mail: egorov@photonics.ru [Photochemistry Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119421 (Russian Federation)

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

491

Strain-engineered band parameters of graphene-like SiC monolayer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using full-potential density functional theory (DFT) calculations we show that the band gap and effective masses of charge carriers in SiC monolayer (ML-SiC) in graphene-like two-dimensional honeycomb structure are tunable by strain engineering. ML-SiC was found to preserve its flat 2D graphene-like structure under compressive strain up to 7%. A transition from indirect-to-direct gap-phase is predicted to occur for a strain value lying within the interval (1.11 %, 1.76%). In both gap-phases band gap decreases with increasing strain, although the rate of decrease is different in the two gap-phases. Effective mass of electrons show a non-linearly decreasing trend with increasing tensile strain in the direct gap-phase. The strain-sensitive properties of ML-SiC, may find applications in future strain-sensors, nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) and nano-optomechanical systems (NOMS) and other nano-devices.

Behera, Harihar, E-mail: harihar@theglocaluniversity.in [School of Technology, The Glocal University, Mirzapur Pole, Dist.-Saharanpur, U.P.-247001, India and Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai-400076 (India); Mukhopadhyay, Gautam, E-mail: gmukh@phy.iitb.ac.in [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai-400076 (India)

2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

492

BUSCA A Telescope Instrumentation for Simultaneous Imaging in 4 Optical Bands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The "Bonn University Simultaneous CAmera" (BUSCA) is a CCD camera system which allows simultaneous direct imaging of the same sky area in four colors. The optics are designed for an f/8 beam and four 4Kx4K CCDs with 15m pixels covering a field of view of 12 arcmin x 12 arcmin at a 2m class telescope. In September 1998 BUSCA has seen "First Light". The instrument is based on three dichroic beam splitters which separate optical wavelength bands such (at 430nm, 540nm, 730nm) that standard astronomical intermediate-band filter systems can be used. The dichroics are made of plane-parallel glass plates mounted at an angle of 45 degrees. Astigmatism in the transmitted beams (f/8) is completely cancelled by identical plane-parallel glass plates of suitable orientation. BUSCA offers new perspectives in astronomical multicolor photometry: i) The broadband spectral properties (e.g. color indices) of astronomical objects in the optical can be determined with high reliability even in non-photometric atmospheric conditions...

Reif, K; De Boer, K S; Schmoll, J; Mller, P; Poschmann, H; Klink, G; Kohley, R; Heber, U; Mebold, U; Mueller, Ph.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Evidence of Eu{sup 2+} 4f electrons in the valence band spectra of EuTiO{sub 3} and EuZrO{sub 3}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on optical band gap and valence electronic structure of two Eu{sup 2+}-based perovskites, EuTiO{sub 3} and EuZrO{sub 3} as revealed by diffuse optical scattering, electron energy loss spectroscopy, and valence-band x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The data show good agreement with the first-principles studies in which the top of the valence band structure is formed by the narrow Eu 4f{sup 7} electron band. The O 2p band shows the features similar to those of the Ba(Sr)TiO{sub 3} perovskites except that it is shifted to higher binding energies. Appearance of the Eu{sup 2+} 4f{sup 7} band is a reason for narrowing of the optical band gap in the title compounds as compared to their Sr-based analogues.

Kolodiazhnyi, T. [National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Valant, M. [Materials Research Laboratory, University of Nova Gorica, Vipavska 13, 5000 Nova Gorica (Slovenia); Williams, J. R. [International Center for Young Scientists (ICYS), MANA, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Bugnet, M.; Botton, G. A. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L7 (Canada); Ohashi, N. [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics, MANA, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Sakka, Y. [National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

494

Equivalent Circuit Description of Non-compensated n-p Codoped TiO2 as Intermediate Band Solar Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The novel concept of non-compensated n-p codoping has made it possible to create tunable intermediate bands in the intrinsic band gap of TiO2, making the codoped TiO2 a promising material for developing intermediate band solar cells (IBSCs). Here we investigate the quantum efficiency of such IBSCs within two scenarios - with and without current extracted from the extended intermediate band. Using the ideal equivalent circuit model, we find that the maximum efficiency of 57% in the first scenario and 53% in the second are both much higher than the Shockley-Queisser limit from single gap solar cells. We also obtain various key quantities of the circuits, a useful step in realistic development of TiO2 based solar cells invoking device integration. These equivalent circuit results are also compared with the efficiencies obtained directly from consideration of electron transition between the energy bands, and both approaches reveal the intriguing existence of double peaks in the maximum quantum efficiency as a function of the relative location of IBs.

Tian-Li Feng; Guang-Wei Deng; Yi Xia; Feng-Cheng Wu; Ping Cui; Hai-Ping Lan; Zhen-Yu Zhang

2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

495

Equivalent Circuit Description of Non-compensated n-p Codoped TiO2 as Intermediate Band Solar Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The novel concept of non-compensated n-p codoping has made it possible to create tunable intermediate bands in the intrinsic band gap of TiO2, making the codoped TiO2 a promising material for developing intermediate band solar cells (IBSCs). Here we investigate the quantum efficiency of such IBSCs within two scenarios - with and without current extracted from the extended intermediate band. Using the ideal equivalent circuit model, we find that the maximum efficiency of 57% in the first scenario and 53% in the second are both much higher than the Shockley-Queisser limit from single gap solar cells. We also obtain various key quantities of the circuits, a useful step in realistic development of TiO2 based solar cells invoking device integration. These equivalent circuit results are also compared with the efficiencies obtained directly from consideration of electron transition between the energy bands, and both approaches reveal the intriguing existence of double peaks in the maximum quantum efficiency as a fun...

Feng, Tian-Li; Xia, Yi; Wu, Feng-Cheng; Cui, Ping; Lan, Hai-Ping; Zhang, Zhen-Yu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

The effect of intervalence band absorption on the thermal behavior of InGaAsP lasers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measurements of intervalence band absorption spectra were made in p-type In /SUB 1/2/ Ga /SUB 1/2/ As, InP, and GaAs. The measured spectra are broader, have less temperature dependencE, and have 2X less peak intensity that theoretical curves predicted by an elementary K X P band model. For P = 10/sup 18/ cm/sup -3/, all three crystals have absorption coefficients of about 13 cm/sup -1/ at 1.3 ..mu..m and 25 cm/sup -1/ at 1.6 ..mu..m. these values of absorption should also be applicable as estimates of interbalence band absorption in quaternary laser material. Because of the low strength and weal temperature dependence of the intervalence band absorption, it should have only a minor effect on the temperature dependence of laser threshold. For example, using their absorption data, the authors calculate that intervalence band absorption will reduce the experimental temperature parameter T /SUB O/ of 1.3 ..mu..m quaternary lasers from 194 to 179 K.

Henry, H.; Logan, R.A.; Luongo, J.P.; Merritt, F.R.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

GMR in magnetic multilayers from a first principles band structure Kubo-Greenwood approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors employ the Kubo-Greenwood formula to investigate from first-principles the giant magnetoresistance in Fe{sub m}M{sub n} (M = V, Cr, Mn and Cu) superlattices. The results indicate that MR can arise from band structure changes from ferromagnetic to anti-ferromagnetic alignments. Quantum confinement in the perpendicular direction is induced by the potential steps between the Fe and spacer layers and causes a much larger MR in the current-perpendicular-to-the-plane (CPP) geometry than in the current-in-plane (CIP) geometry. In the presence of the spin-orbit coupling interaction, MR is found to be reduced by spin-channel mixing.

Rao, F.; Freeman, A.J. [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy] [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Photoinduced band filling in strongly confined colloidal PbS quantum dots  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Increase in continuous wave laser excitation (6?W/cm{sup 2} to 120?W/cm{sup 2}) of colloidal PbS quantum dots in the strongly quantized regime (diameters 2.0?nm and 4.7?nm) deposited on semi-insulating GaAs and glass causes a clear blue shift (0.019?eV and 0.080?eV) of the emission spectra. Proof of the applicability of a dynamic three-dimensional band filling model is the significance of the presented results and demonstrates the effective electronic coupling in quantum dot arrays similar to superlattices. The work also reveals the influence of quantum dot sizes on photo-doping effects.

Ullrich, B., E-mail: bruno@fis.unam.mx [Instituto de Ciencias Fsicas, Universidad Nacional Autnoma de Mxico, Cuernavaca, Morelos 62210 (Mexico); Ullrich Photonics LLC, Wayne, Ohio 43466 (United States); Xi, H. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio 43403-0209 (United States); Wang, J. S. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433-7707 (United States)

2014-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

499

150-MW S-band klystron program at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two S-Band klystrons operating at 150 MW have been designed, fabricated and tested at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) during the past two years for use in an experimental accelerator at Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) in Hamburg, Germany. Both klystrons operate at the design power, 60 Hz repetition rate, 3 {micro}s pulsewidth, with an efficiency {gt} 40%, and agreement between the experimental results and simulations is excellent. The 535 kV, 700 A electron gun was tested by constructing a solenoidal focused beam stick which identified a source of oscillation, subsequently engineered out of the klystron guns. Design of the beam stick and the two klystrons is discussed, along with observation and suppression of spurious oscillations. Differences in design and the resulting performance of the Klystrons is emphasized.

Sprehn, D.; Caryotakis, G.; Phillips, R.M.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

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Commissioning of the First Klystron-Based X-Band Power Source at CERN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new klystron based X-band rf power source operating at 11.994 GHz has been installed and started to be commissioned at CERN in collaboration with CEA Saclay and SLAC for CLIC accelerating structure tests. The system comprises a solid state high voltage modulator, an XL5 klystron developed by SLAC, a cavity based SLED type pulse compressor, the necessary low level rf system including rf diagnostics and interlocks and the surrounding vacuum, cooling and controls infrastructure. The system is designed to produce up to 50 MW rf pulses of 1500 ns pulse width and 50 Hz repetition rate. After pulse compression, up to 100 MW of rf power at 250 ns pulse width will be available in the structure test bunker. This paper describes in more detail this setup and the process of commissioning which is necessary to arrive at the design performance.

Kovermann, J; Curt, S; Doebert, S; Naon, M; McMonagle, G; Paju, E; Rey, S; Riddone, G; Schirm, K; Syratchev, I; Timeo, L; Wuensch, W; Hamdi, A; Peauger, FF; Eichner, J; Haase, A; Sprehn, D

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z