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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Using a Decision Support System to Optimize Production of Agricultural Crop Residue Biofeedstock  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For several years the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has been developing a Decision Support System for Agriculture (DSS4Ag) which determines the economically optimum recipe of various fertilizers to apply at each site in a field to produce a crop, based on the existing soil fertility at each site, as well as historic production information and current prices of fertilizers and the forecast market price of the crop at harvest, for growing a crop such as wheat, potatoes, corn, or cotton. In support of the growing interest in agricultural crop residues as a bioenergy feedstock, we have extended the capability of the DSS4Ag to develop a variable-rate fertilizer recipe for the simultaneous economically optimum production of both grain and straw, and have been conducting field research to test this new DSS4Ag. In this paper we report the results of two years of field research testing and enhancing the DSS4Ags ability to economically optimize the fertilization for the simultaneous production of both grain and its straw, where the straw is an agricultural crop residue that can be used as a biofeedstock.

Reed L. Hoskinson; Ronald C. Rope; Raymond K. Fink

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Risk in agriculture : a study of crop yield distributions and crop insurance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agriculture is a business fraught with risk. Crop production depends on climatic, geographical, biological, political, and economic factors, which introduce risks that are quantifiable given the appropriate mathematical ...

Gayam, Narsi Reddy

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Agroecological zones and the assessment of crop production potential  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and the assessment of crop production potential M. V. K. Sivakumar...and sustainable agricultural production systems to feed the growing...Agroecological ones and crop production potential Table 3. Land use...perennial tree crops (palm oil, rubber, cocoa, coffee) AEZ4 cool...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

PETRO: Higher Productivity Crops for Biofuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

PETRO Project: The 10 projects that comprise ARPA-Es PETRO Project, short for Plants Engineered to Replace Oil, aim to develop non-food crops that directly produce transportation fuel. These crops can help supply the transportation sector with agriculturally derived fuels that are cost-competitive with petroleum and do not affect U.S. food supply. PETRO aims to redirect the processes for energy and carbon dioxide (CO2) capture in plants toward fuel production. This would create dedicated energy crops that serve as a domestic alternative to petroleum-based fuels and deliver more energy per acre with less processing prior to the pump.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Crop Production Variability and U.S. Ethanol Mandates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

projection model Iowa State University and the University of Missouri FASOM Forest and Agricultural Sector Optimization Model GAMS General Algebraic Modeling System GDP Gross Domestic Product GHG Greenhouse Gas NASS National Agricultural Statistics... Figure 11. 2015 U.S. corn price given 2012 drought sensitivity to marginal decreases in crop ethanol mandates ............................................................... 65 Figure 12. An empirical distribution of yearly corn production...

Jones, Jason P.

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

6

Methods to estimate on-field nitrogen emissions from crop production as an input to LCA studies in the agricultural sector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nitrogen compounds emitted from the field are usually considered in Life Cycle Assessments (LCA) of agricultural products or processes. The environmentally most important of these N emissions are ammonia (NH3), n...

Frank Brentrup; Jrgen Ksters

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Water footprint assessment of crop production in Shaanxi, China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;i Water footprint assessment of crop production in Shaanxi, China Bachelor Thesis Civil, Yangling, China Keywords: Agricultural crops, water footprint, Shaanxi province, CROPWAT #12;ii #12;iii ABSTRACT The water footprint, introduced by professor A.Y. Hoekstra, is an indicator of freshwater use

Vellekoop, Michel

8

Crop production without fossil fuel.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??With diminishing fossil fuel reserves and concerns about global warming, the agricultural sector needs to reduce its use of fossil fuels. The objective of this (more)

Ahlgren, Serina

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Analysis of factor productivity in agricultural systems in Zimbabwe and application of Geographic Information Systems in soil erosion prediction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Balley Hooley Farm, Glendale, Zimbabwe. Results from the two areas were used for comparing factor use efficiency and respective rates of land degradation through soil erosion in the two agricultural systems. Crop production figures, crop market prices...

Mugabe, Phanuel

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

10

The role of N2O derived from crop-based biofuels, and from agriculture in general, in Earth's climate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...The role of N2O derived from crop-based biofuels, and from agriculture in general, in Earth's...factor (EF) of 3-5%, and applied it to biofuel production. For first-generation biofuels, e.g. biodiesel from rapeseed and bioethanol...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Crop Productivity and Photoassimilate Partitioning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...HARVEST INDEX OF CEREALS AS AGRONOMIC AND...SPECIES-DIFFERENCES IN SEED GROWTH-CHARACTERISTICS...AND CARBOHYDRATE-METABOLISM IN SOURCE LEAVES...GROWTH AND YIELD OF CEREALS, JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL...IN REGULATION OF STARCH FORMATION IN LEAVES...PHOTOSYNTHATE UNLOADING FROM SEED COATS OF PHASEOLUS-VULGARIS...

Roger M. Gifford; J. H. Thorne; W. D. Hitz; Robert T. Giaquinta

1984-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

12

Biomethane production from different crop systems of cereals in Northern Italy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Global warming is linked to the reduction of green house gas emissions (GHG). The anaerobic digestion of animal manure and energy crops is a promising way of reducing GHG emissions. The increasing number of biogas plants involves a high consumption of energy crops and the needed of big agricultural area. In Italy, cereals silages are the main feedstock for biogas production and are commonly grown under two different crop systems: single crop (only maize) and double crops (maize later winter cereals). In this paper we present the results of experimental field tests carried out by monitoring the anaerobic biomethane potential (BMP) of different cereals silages commonly grown in the Padanian Plan. A laboratory device has been developed to measure the specific biomethane production of the different cereal silages. The different energy crops have been evaluated, in single and double crop systems, expressing the biomethane production per hectare. The maize hybrids show higher specific biomethane potentials respect to winter cereals. Maize FAO class 700 achieves the highest production per hectare as a single crop. Nevertheless, the highest biomethane productions per hectare are reached with double crop system in particular when maize FAO class 500 follows triticale (+12% respect the best single crop system).

Marco Negri; Jacopo Bacenetti; Massimo Brambilla; Andrea Manfredini; Andrea Cantore; Stefano Bocchi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

MOVEMENT OF FEMALE WHITE-TAILED DEER: EFFECTS OF CLIMATE AND INTENSIVE ROW-CROP AGRICULTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1099 MOVEMENT OF FEMALE WHITE-TAILED DEER: EFFECTS OF CLIMATE AND INTENSIVE ROW-CROP AGRICULTURE in intensively (>80%) cultivated areas. From January 2001 to August 2002, we monitored movements of 77 (61 adult of seasonal migration, whereas crop emergence and harvest had minimal effects. Four deer (8%) dispersed a mean

14

Evaluation of supply potential of energy crops in Japan considering cases of improvement of crop productivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy crops are not presently major energy resources as energy crops are more expensive than fossil fuels at present. However, energy crops may become important energy resources in the future. In this study, the authors discuss the availability of energy crops in Japan. The supply potential of energy crops produced on unused arable land is estimated at 0.12EJyr?1 and that of secondary crops for bioenergy is estimated at 0.12EJyr?1 in Japan. However, it is difficult to utilize the supply potential considering the low food-self-sufficiency ratio and the high costs of crops in Japan. In addition, the authors analyze the supply potential of energy crops produced on surplus arable land in Japan in cases of biomass productivity increment. The supply potential of energy crops is formulated into 0.12A (EJyr?1), where A means the index of productivity increment ( A = 1.0 at present). On the other hand, in the case of every crop productivity increment, the supply potential of energy crops is formulated into 1.44A1.32 (EJyr?1). When it is assumed that the ratio is 2.0, the supply potential in the latter case is 1.44EJyr?1, which is equivalent to about 7% of the total primary energy supply in Japan. When it is assumed that the ratio is 2.0 in the latter case in the world, the supply potential of energy crops is 435EJyr?1, which exceeds the total primary energy supply in the world. It is difficult to improve the productivity of every crop. However, if the improvement is realized, energy crops will become one of the major energy resources in Japan and in the world.

Hiromi Yamamoto; Yukihiko Matsumura; Shigeki Sawayama

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Co-products from a biofuel production chain in crop disease management: A review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The economic importance of biofuel industrial production chains will increase in the coming years and will be a promising source of co-products that are useful for sustainable farming systems. However, the use of co-products that are obtained from the biofuel production chains, especially for crop disease management, is an under-explored area in the research community. The liquid and solid co-products that are related to the biofuel outputs of particular interest in crop protection are 1) oil-less seed meals and glycerin derived from the biodiesel chain, 2) steam-exploded liquid waste derived from a 2nd-generation bioethanol chain, and 3) charcoal (bio-char) obtained from the pyrolysis of plant biomass. It is interesting to include the suppressive composts that are obtained by composting agricultural waste and the exhausted biomasses originating from the different biofuel chains. This overview summarizes the nature, the effects, the mechanisms, the possible applications, and the use in crop protection of the most important solid and liquid co-products that are obtained from industrial processes, focusing on 2nd-generation biofuel outputs to control economically important plant diseases that are caused by soil-borne pathogens. The aim of this work is to review the available studies on the employment perspectives of biofuel chain co-products in crop protection by distinguishing the two concepts that are most important in sustainable farming systems: 1) the possible effects of these organic inputs in terms of interaction with beneficial soil microbial populations and 2) the possible relationships of these organic inputs in terms of interaction with the physiological and ecological processes of the croppathogen systems. This distinction will permit a good definition of the potential advantages of biofuel chain co-products with respect to the traditional organic amendments that are usually used in crop protection. It is evident from this review that biofuel chain co-products have great potential but sometimes give inconsistent disease control, which limits their use in crop protection. There is no doubt that the benefits of biofuel chain co-products outweigh their drawbacks, but the impact of this approach on pathogen populations and disease suppression is often unpredictable.

Ugo De Corato; Catello Pane; Giovanni Luigi Bruno; Fernando Antonio Cancellara; Massimo Zaccardelli

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

UWA Institute of Agriculture 1 "Sustaining productive agriculture for a growing world"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UWA Institute of Agriculture 1 "Sustaining productive agriculture for a growing world" Agriculture Science graduates show their talents at the Young Professionals in Agriculture Forum Institute of Agriculture photo:MrPeterMaloney The Australian Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology (AIAST

Tobar, Michael

17

ECONOMIC IMPACT OF SPECIALTY CROP PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING IN WISCONSIN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 ECONOMIC IMPACT OF SPECIALTY CROP PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING IN WISCONSIN Ashleigh Arledge Keene Applied Economics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI October 2010 Production and processing of which is exported to Asia. ECONOMIC IMPACT OF SPECIALTY CROPS Production and processing of Wisconsin

Radeloff, Volker C.

18

Microbial Diversity-Based Novel Crop Protection Products  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Extremophilic microorganisms are adapted to survive in ecological niches with high temperatures, extremes of pH, high salt concentrations, high pressure, radiation, etc. Extremophiles produce unique biocatalysts and natural products that function under extreme conditions comparab le to those prevailing in various industrial processes. Therefore, there is burgeoning interest in bioprospecting for extremophiles with potential immediate use in agriculture, the food, chemical, and pharm aceutical industries, and environmental biotechnology. Over the years, several thousand extremophilic bacteria, archaea, and filamentous fungi were collected at extreme environmental sites in the USA, the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone surrounding the faeild nuclear power plant in Ukraine, in and around Lake Baikal in Siberia, and at geothermal sites on the Kamchatka peninsula in Russia. These organisms were cultured under proprietary conditions, and the cell- free supernatants were screened for biological activities against plant pathogenic fungi and major crop damaging insects. Promising peptide lead molecules were isolated, characterized, and sequenced. Relatively high hit rates characterized the tested fermentation broths. Of the 26,000 samples screened, over thousand contained biological activity of interest. A fair number of microorganisms expressed broad- spectrum antifungal or insecticidal activity. Two- dozen broadly antifungal peptides (AFPs) are alr eady patent protected, and many more tens are under further investigation. Tapping the gene pool of extremophilic microorganisms to provide novel ways of crop protection proved a successful strategy.

Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc.; DuPont Experimental Station; Yalpani, Ronald Flannagan, Rafael Herrmann, James Presnail, Tamas Torok, and Nasser; Herrmann, Rafael; Presnail, James; Torok, Tamas; Yalpani, Nasser

2007-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

19

Agricultural R&D, technology and productivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...domestic product (GDP) rose from 56 per cent in 1980 to 65...population growth and per capita food availability would...agriculture is to meet world demand for both food and energy. This competition...former Soviet Union GDP gross domestic product...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculturally-Derived Fuel Production  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Derived Derived Fuel Production Facility Loan Guarantees to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculturally-Derived Fuel Production Facility Loan Guarantees on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculturally-Derived Fuel Production Facility Loan Guarantees on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculturally-Derived Fuel Production Facility Loan Guarantees on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculturally-Derived Fuel Production Facility Loan Guarantees on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculturally-Derived Fuel Production Facility Loan Guarantees on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculturally-Derived Fuel Production Facility Loan Guarantees on AddThis.com...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Carbon sequestration in agricultural soils via cultivation of cover crops A meta-analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A promising option to sequester carbon in agricultural soils is the inclusion of cover crops in cropping systems. The advantage of cover crops as compared to other management practices that increase soil organic carbon (SOC) is that they neither cause a decline in yields, like extensification, nor carbon losses in other systems, like organic manure applications may do. However, the effect of cover crop green manuring on SOC stocks is widely overlooked. We therefore conducted a meta-analysis to derive a carbon response function describing SOC stock changes as a function of time. Data from 139 plots at 37 different sites were compiled. In total, the cover crop treatments had a significantly higher SOC stock than the reference croplands. The time since introduction of cover crops in crop rotations was linearly correlated with SOC stock change (R2=0.19) with an annual change rate of 0.320.08Mgha?1yr?1 in a mean soil depth of 22cm and during the observed period of up to 54 years. Elevation above sea level of the plot and sampling depth could be used as explanatory variables to improve the model fit. Assuming that the observed linear SOC accumulation would not proceed indefinitely, we modeled the average SOC stock change with the carbon turnover model RothC. The predicted new steady state was reached after 155 years of cover crop cultivation with a total mean SOC stock accumulation of 16.71.5Mgha?1 for a soil depth of 22cm. Thus, the C input driven SOC sequestration with the introduction of cover crops proved to be highly efficient. We estimated a potential global SOC sequestration of 0.120.03PgCyr?1, which would compensate for 8% of the direct annual greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture. However, altered N2O emissions and albedo due to cover crop cultivation have not been taken into account here. Data on those processes, which are most likely species-specific, would be needed for reliable greenhouse gas budgets.

Christopher Poeplau; Axel Don

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Extension of energy crops on surplus agricultural lands: A potentially viable option in developing countries while fossil fuel reserves are diminishing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The rapid depletion of fossil fuel reserves and environmental concerns with their combustion necessitate looking for alternative sources for long term sustainability of the world. These concerns also appear serious in developing countries who are striving for rapid economic growth. The net biomass growing potential on the global land surface is 10 times more than the global food, feed, fiber, and energy demands. This study investigates whether the developing countries have sufficient land resource to meet the projected energy demand towards 2035 by planting energy crops on surplus agricultural land after food and feed production. The annual yields of four commonly grown energy crops specifically jatropha, switchgrass, miscanthus, and willow have been used to make scenarios and estimate land requirements against each scenario. This paper first performs literature reviews on the availability of land resource, past and future trends in land use changes, demand of lands for food production, and potential expansion of croplands. The energy demands towards 2035 are compiled from energy scenarios derived by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the British Petroleum (BP). This paper also reviewed bio-physiological characteristics of these energy crops to determine whether they are cultivable under tropical climatic conditions in developing regions. This paper found that projected energy demand through 2035 in developing regions could be provided by energy crops grown on a portion of surplus croplands or upgraded grasslands (27% and 22% respectively for miscanthus scenario). Sustainable land management practices, improved agricultural productivity, and adopting suitable energy crops cultivation can potentially supply increasing energy demands.

Md. Mizanur Rahman; Suraiya B. Mostafiz; Jukka V. Paatero; Risto Lahdelma

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Chapter 4 - Production Technology for Bioenergy Crops and Trees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract New technologies for producing energy crops and trees based on fundamental studies have been developed to improve self-sufficiency in food and feed supplies in addition to achieving sustainable natural resources. Energy crops and trees with improved leaf growth, light interception of crop canopy, photosynthetic rate, lodging resistance, and saccharification efficiency of lignocellulose, among many other traits, need to be explored. DNA marker-assisted selection using genome information has been developed as a powerful tool for breeding new bioenergy crops and trees. In this chapter, the concept and basic technologies for producing biomass from herbaceous energy crops and trees, ecophysiological characteristics for high yield and biomass production, genetic analyses of the traits responsible for biomass production, and molecular breeding for improving these traits are discussed. The definitions of herbaceous energy crops for the first and second generations, agronomy and breeding technology for these crops are explained. Recent studies on woody cell wall formation and genetic improvements associated with biomass saccharification in energy crops and woods are introduced.

Tadashi Hirasawa; Taiichiro Ookawa; Shinya Kawai; Ryo Funada; Shinya Kajita

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Improving water use in crop production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...doi:10.1093/jexbot/49.suppl_1.453 . Ma, X , Fukushima, Y, Liu, C, Wu, X2003A hydrological model application...D2002Selection for reduced carbon isotope discrimination increases aerial biomass and grain yield of rainfed bread wheat. Crop Sci...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Managing water resources for crop production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...by a crop and these were converted into biomass using conversion co- efficients; ew...Measurements of transpiration from Eucal ptus plantation, India. . H drol. 130, 3748. Carter...competition for water while obtaining fuel wood that provides an immediate economic return...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculture and Forestry Biofuel Production  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Agriculture and Agriculture and Forestry Biofuel Production Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculture and Forestry Biofuel Production Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculture and Forestry Biofuel Production Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculture and Forestry Biofuel Production Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculture and Forestry Biofuel Production Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculture and Forestry Biofuel Production Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculture and Forestry Biofuel Production Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

27

Production Methods and New Markets for Texas Florist Crops.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF PRODUCTION: 6 weeks at 56 = 306. 30d + 4 = 7.54 per market-pak. Add cost of seedlings and market-pak.. MARKET ACCEPTANCE: Excellent. NAME OF CROP: Heliotrope (Heliotropium arbores- cens). PRODUCTION AND MARKETING PERIOD: Spring months. METHOD...

Sorensen, H. B.; DeWerth, A.F.; Jensen, E. R.

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Bioenergy crop productivity and potential climate change mitigation from marginal lands in the United States: An  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bioenergy crop productivity and potential climate change mitigation from marginal lands bioenergy crops grown on marginal lands in the United States. Two broadly tested cellulosic crops June 2014 Introduction Bioenergy, an important renewable energy produced from biological materials

Zhuang, Qianlai

29

E-Print Network 3.0 - agricultural crop residues Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

that crop rotation makes intuitive sense and it works... will be necessary to minimize wind and water erosion. Crop ... Source: Brummer, E. Charles - Department of Crop and Soil...

30

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculturally-Based Fuel Production Wage  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Based Based Fuel Production Wage and Salary Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculturally-Based Fuel Production Wage and Salary Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculturally-Based Fuel Production Wage and Salary Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculturally-Based Fuel Production Wage and Salary Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculturally-Based Fuel Production Wage and Salary Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculturally-Based Fuel Production Wage and Salary Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculturally-Based Fuel Production Wage and Salary Tax Credit on AddThis.com...

31

Greenhouse gas budgets of crop production current  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production and distribution 16 2.7.2 Emissions associated with other agrochemicals 17 2.7.3 On-farm energy

Levi, Ran

32

Integrating agricultural pest biocontrol into forecasts of energy biomass production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis Integrating agricultural pest biocontrol into forecasts of energy biomass production T pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, and soil erosion (Nash, 2007; Searchinger et al., 2008). On the other

Gratton, Claudio

33

Increasing Crop Production Through More Controlled Photosynthesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...harvested organ (such as the seed, root, or fruit) are related...converted to the glucose moiety as starch, a major storage product in...6-phosphate (G6P) and then to starch, or it can be exported from...plant such as the growing tip, seeds, roots, or other sinks. Alternative-ly...

James A. Bassham

1977-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

34

Fitting fertilisation in LCA: allocation to crops in a cropping plan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article reflects some results of a study on life cycle assessment (LCA) for agricultural products, concerning specific features of agricultural production. Attention is given to the cultivation of crops in a crop rotation and the role of fertilisation. When carrying out an LCA for a single agricultural product one should be aware of the fact that arable crops are usually grown in a crop rotation system. So, it is important to show the cropping plan and to identify all activities that may be meant to benefit more than one crop, like fertilisation with phosphate, potassium and organic matter. Environmental impacts of the application of phosphate and potassium should be allocated to the crops according to the uptake and uptake efficiency per crop. Impacts caused by fertilisation with organic matter should be allocated according to the land use per crop.

H van Zeijts; H Leneman; A Wegener Sleeswijk

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

A FORECAST MODEL OF AGRICULTURAL AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS PRICE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A FORECAST MODEL OF AGRICULTURAL AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS PRICE Wensheng Zhang1,* , Hongfu Chen1 and excessive fluctuation of agricultural and livestock products price is not only harmful to residents' living, but also affects CPI (Consumer Price Index) values, and even leads to social crisis, which influences

Boyer, Edmond

36

Versatility Versus Specialization in Cultivation and Harvesting for Crops and in Livestock Production [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...J. A. Howard Agriculture sets difficult problems for the engineer because, although it is a vast industry in many countries...nevertheless, an important constituent of the improving quality of life. The problems in harvesting such crops are often acutely...

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Determining the Potential Distribution of Vegetation, Crops and Agricultural Productivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The terrestrial biosphere component of the Integrated Model to Assess the Greenhouse Effect (IMAGE 2.0) uses changes in land cover to compute dynamically the greenhouse gas fluxes between the terrestrial biosp...

R. Leemans; G. J. van den Born

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Determining the potential distribution of vegetation, crops and agricultural productivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The terrestrial biosphere component of the Integrated Model to Assess the Greenhouse Effect (IMAGE 2.0) uses changes in land cover to compute dynamically the greenhouse gas fluxes between the terrestrial biosp...

R. Leemans; G. J. van den Born

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Crop Insurance Terms and Definitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A&M System; and Extension Agricultural Economist, Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service. The crop insurance industry is providing more and more risk management tools to help producers deal... for the insured crop. Coverage Levels and Price Elections Actual Production History (APH). A process used to determine production guarantees. Additional coverage. A level of coverage greater than catastrophic risk protection. Administrative fee. An amount...

Stokes, Kenneth; Waller, Mark L.; Outlaw, Joe; Barnaby, G. A. Art

2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

40

Peak oil and oil vulnerability: what are the implications for industrial agriculture and rural communities? with a case study based in the Southern Gulf region of Queensland.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Modern agricultures high levels of production and global markets have been made possible through vast inputs of fossil fuels for machinery, transport, fertilizer, chemicals, crop (more)

Coventry, Donald Hugh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Life cycle assessment of energy crop production with special attention to the establishment of regional biomass utilisation systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We conducted a life cycle assessment of energy crop production for bioethanol to clarify the potentialities of biomass utilisation systems in Japan, focusing on cumulative fossil energy demand and global warming potential. Their reductions were evaluated under two scenarios; one was improving cultivation technologies and breeding of new crop varieties, and the other was setting up of regional biomass utilisation systems, in which biomass resources from various industries were utilised mutually and effectively. It was proved that the improvement in cultivation technologies and the establishment of regional biomass utilisation systems have large potential for saving fossil fuel resources and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Although these results largely depend on scenarios including the lifetime and coverage area of agricultural machinery, and types of biomass utilisation, it was concluded that substitution of petrol by bioethanol converted from these energy crops has considerable potential for rendering our society more sustainable.

Susumu Uchida; Kiyotada Hayashi; Mitsuru Gau; Tsutomu Kajiyama; Shigekiyo Shirasawa; Hiroyuki Takahashi; Yoshifumi Terajima; Makoto Matsuoka; Masaru Yoshinaga

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

www.landesbioscience.com GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain 1 GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain 3:4, 1-5; October/November/December 2012; 2012 Landes Bioscience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

www.landesbioscience.com GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain 1 GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain 3:4, 1-5; October/November/December 2012, the 35S pro- moter (P35S) and terminator are widely used in research and plant biotechnology.3,4 The P35S

43

Industrial and Agricultural Production Efficiency Program | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Industrial and Agricultural Production Efficiency Program Industrial and Agricultural Production Efficiency Program Industrial and Agricultural Production Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Industrial Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Cooling Manufacturing Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Design & Remodeling Water Heating Maximum Rebate Custom capital projects: $0.25/kWh, up to 50% of cost; $2/Therm, up to 50% of project cost Custom operation and maintenance projects: $0.08/kWh or $0.40/Therm, up to 50% of project cost Lighting projects: custom lighting incentives get 35% of project cost; prescriptive incentives also available. Total incentive capped at

44

Agricultural R&D, technology and productivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...irrational. It is the animal production systems that are a danger...where plantations (tea, rubber) and processors (tobacco...varietal development and seed production in less than half a dozen...redistribution rather than production. Adam Smith's invisible...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Wastes and by-products - alternatives for agricultural use  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Top address a growing national problem with generation of wastes and by-products, TVA has been involved for several years with developing and commercializing environmentally responsible practices for eliminating, minimizing, or utilizing various wastes/by-products. In many cases, reducing waste generation is impractical, but the wastes/by-products can be converted into other environmentally sound products. In some instances, conversion of safe, value-added agricultural products in the best or only practical alternative. TVA is currently involved with a diversity of projects converting wastes/by-products into safe, economical, and agriculturally beneficial products. Environmental improvement projects have involved poultry litter, cellulosic wastes, used battery acid, ammonium sulfate fines, lead smelting effluents, deep-welled sulfuric acid/ammonium bisulfate solutions, wood ash, waste magnesium ammonium sulfate slurry from recording tape production, and ammunition plant waste sodium nitrate/ammonium nitrate streams.

Boles, J.L.; Craft, D.J.; Parker, B.R.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Sustainable Food & Bioenergy Systems Program-Sustainable Crop Production Option 2014-2015 Catalog  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainable Food & Bioenergy Systems Program- Sustainable Crop Production Option 2014-2015 Catalog SFBS 146 Intro to Sustainable Food & Bioenergy Systems ................................ S

Dyer, Bill

47

Influence of biofuel crops on mosquito production and oviposition site selection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Influence of biofuel crops on mosquito production and oviposition site selection E P H A N T U S J of biofuels production may cause unintended land-use changes and potentially alter ecosystem services and Miscanthus) biofuel crops on production and oviposition site selection by two vector mosquitoes, the yellow

Allan, Brian

48

Important driving forces in livestock production and agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and labor, accounts for 40% of agricultural gross domestic product (GDP). Creates livelihoods for one of industrialized production systems impair air and water quality, de-value real estate and create health and well for a large number of impoverished producers. 2 #12;Past and projected regional differences in meat

Archer, Steven R.

49

Net carbon flux from agriculture: Carbon emissions, carbon sequestration, crop yield, and land-use change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There is a potential to sequester carbon in soil by changing agricultural management practices. ... fossil-fuel use, agricultural inputs, and the carbon emissions associated with fossil fuels and other ... with f...

Tristram O. West; Gregg Marland

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

High Tunnel Crop Production Tips Lewis W. Jett  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

used for producing a diversity of horticulture crops including vegetables, fruits, herbs and flowers the crop from an erratic environment where extremes in temperature, wind, rainfall, pests and light tunnel? High tunnels used for growing horticulture crops commercially are typically 20-30 ft wide and 100

Goodman, Robert M.

51

The 2008 Farm Bill What's In It For Specialty Crops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

million per year for grants in FY 2008-12. Priority areas: ­ Plant health and production and plant and Education ­ Transport of biofuels ­ Export of agricultural products · Beginning Farmer and Rancher. · Agricultural Competitiveness ­ Improving crop and animal agriculture; enhancing farm productivity and income

52

AGRICULTURAL REPORT MAY 1998  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Farmer Crop Workshop . . . . . . . . . . . 12 #12;2 MAY 1998 ® Will the trend of increasing high and the future of the industry, fac- ulty in the School of Agriculture at Purdue University in collaboration and will continue to dominate trade trends. Potential demand for agricultural products is greatest in Asia

53

Miscanthus: a fastgrowing crop for biofuels and chemicals production  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Correspondence to: Nicolas Brosse, Laboratoire d'Etude et de Recherche sur le MAteriau Bois, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université de Lorraine, Bld des Aiguillettes, F-54500 Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France. E-mail: Nicolas.Brosse@lermab.uhp-nancy.fr © 2012 Society of Chemical Industry and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 1 Miscanthus: a fast- growing crop for biofuels and chemicals production Nicolas Brosse, Université de Lorraine, Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France Anthony Dufour, CNRS, Université de Lorraine, Nancy, France Xianzhi Meng, Qining Sun, and Arthur Ragauskas, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA Received February 9, 2012; revised April 17, 2012; accepted April 18, 2012 View online at Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com); DOI: 10.1002/bbb.1353;

54

E-Print Network 3.0 - agricultural productivity growth Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2009 Agriculture for Development Summary: Crisis 2: Stagnant productivity growth in SS-Africa agriculture 12;11 II. Current crises and resurgence... crises: Rising food insecurity...

55

The Agricultural Ethics of Biofuels: A First Look  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A noticeable push toward using agricultural crops for ethanol production and for undertaking research to expand the range of possible biofuels began to dominate discussions of agricultural science ... being devel...

Paul B. Thompson

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Assessment of the broadleaf crops leaf area index product from the Terra MODIS instrument  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the cultivated area (52%). The major con- centrations of this biome class are in Asia (39%), North America (22Assessment of the broadleaf crops leaf area index product from the Terra MODIS instrument Bin Tan a) and fraction vegetation absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (FPAR) products for broadleaf crops

Myneni, Ranga B.

57

Toward cropping systems that enhance productivity and sustainability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...readily available carbon and energy for Pythium species...California and tomatoes in Florida. Plant breeding...of food, fiber, and fuel crops globally...the same planting rate and date, crop rotation...save soil, time, and fuel. The availability of...

R. James Cook

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Non-point source pollution in Indian agriculture: Estimation of nitrogen losses from rice crop using remote sensing and GIS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper presents a detailed understanding of nitrogenous fertilizer use in Indian agriculture and estimation of seasonal nitrogen loosses from rice crop in Indo-Gangetic plain region, the food bowl of the Indian sub-continent. An integrated methodology was developed for quantification of different forms of nitrogen losses from rice crop using remote sensing derived inputs, field data of fertilizer application, collateral data of soil and rainfall and nitrogen loss coefficients derived from published nitrogen dynamics studies. The spatial patterns of nitrogen losses in autumn or kharif and spring or rabi season rice at 1נ1km grid were generated using image processing and GIS. The nitrogen losses through leaching in form of urea-N, ammonium-N (NH4-N) and nitrate-N (NO3-N) are dominant over ammonia volatilization loss. The study results indicate that nitrogen loss through leaching in kharif and rabi rice is of the order of 34.9% and 39.8% of the applied nitrogenous fertilizer in the Indo-Gangetic plain region. This study provides a significant insight to the role of nitrogenous fertilizer as a major non-point source pollutant from agriculture.

Abha Chhabra; K.R. Manjunath; Sushma Panigrahy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

An integrative modeling framework to evaluate the productivity and sustainability of biofuel crop production systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The potential expansion of biofuel production raises food, energy, and environmental challenges that require careful assessment of the impact of biofuel production on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, soil erosion, nutrient loading, and water quality. In this study, we describe a spatially explicit integrative modeling framework (SEIMF) to understand and quantify the environmental impacts of different biomass cropping systems. This SEIMF consists of three major components: (1) a geographic information system (GIS)-based data analysis system to define spatial modeling units with resolution of 56 m to address spatial variability, (2) the biophysical and biogeochemical model Environmental Policy Integrated Climate (EPIC) applied in a spatially-explicit way to predict biomass yield, GHG emissions, and other environmental impacts of different biofuel crops production systems, and (3) an evolutionary multiobjective optimization algorithm for exploring the trade-offs between biofuel energy production and unintended ecosystem-service responses. Simple examples illustrate the major functions of the SEIMF when applied to a nine-county Regional Intensive Modeling Area (RIMA) in SW Michigan to (1) simulate biofuel crop production, (2) compare impacts of management practices and local ecosystem settings, and (3) optimize the spatial configuration of different biofuel production systems by balancing energy production and other ecosystem-service variables. Potential applications of the SEIMF to support life cycle analysis and provide information on biodiversity evaluation and marginal-land identification are also discussed. The SEIMF developed in this study is expected to provide a useful tool for scientists and decision makers to understand sustainability issues associated with the production of biofuels at local, regional, and national scales.

Zhang, X [University of Maryland; Izaurralde, R. C. [University of Maryland; Manowitz, D. [University of Maryland; West, T. O. [University of Maryland; Thomson, A. M. [University of Maryland; Post, Wilfred M [ORNL; Bandaru, Vara Prasad [ORNL; Nichols, Jeff [ORNL; Williams, J. [AgriLIFE, Temple, TX

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

An Integrative Modeling Framework to Evaluate the Productivity and Sustainability of Biofuel Crop Production Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The potential expansion of biofuel production raises food, energy, and environmental challenges that require careful assessment of the impact of biofuel production on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, soil erosion, nutrient loading, and water quality. In this study, we describe a spatially-explicit integrative modeling framework (SEIMF) to understand and quantify the environmental impacts of different biomass cropping systems. This SEIMF consists of three major components: 1) a geographic information system (GIS)-based data analysis system to define spatial modeling units with resolution of 56 m to address spatial variability, 2) the biophysical and biogeochemical model EPIC (Environmental Policy Integrated Climate) applied in a spatially-explicit way to predict biomass yield, GHG emissions, and other environmental impacts of different biofuel crops production systems, and 3) an evolutionary multi-objective optimization algorithm for exploring the trade-offs between biofuel energy production and unintended ecosystem-service responses. Simple examples illustrate the major functions of the SEIMF when applied to a 9-county Regional Intensive Modeling Area (RIMA) in SW Michigan to 1) simulate biofuel crop production, 2) compare impacts of management practices and local ecosystem settings, and 3) optimize the spatial configuration of different biofuel production systems by balancing energy production and other ecosystem-service variables. Potential applications of the SEIMF to support life cycle analysis and provide information on biodiversity evaluation and marginal-land identification are also discussed. The SEIMF developed in this study is expected to provide a useful tool for scientists and decision makers to understand sustainability issues associated with the production of biofuels at local, regional, and national scales.

Zhang, Xuesong; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Manowitz, David H.; West, T. O.; Post, W. M.; Thomson, Allison M.; Bandaru, V. P.; Nichols, J.; Williams, J.R.

2010-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Production Practices for Irrigated Crops on the High Plains.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the farms are equipped with row-crop tractors. Some farmers who grow wheat extensively on heavy soils also own wheatland type tractors. Of the row-crop tractors in use, approximately 55 percent were equipped for 4-row work and 45 percent for 2-row work...). Prior to 1949, none of the cotton on cooperating farms was defoliated. Eleven percent of the acreage was defoliated during 1949 in preparation for machine stripping. Labor and Bower Requirements Cotton was produced entirely with row-crop tractors...

Bonnen, C. A.; McArthur, W. C.; Magee, A. C.; Hughes, W.F.

1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources Robert M. Kerr Food & Agricultural Products Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FAPC-144 Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service · Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources FAPC-165 Robert M. Kerr Food & Agricultural Products Center FOOD TECHNOLOGY FACT SHEET 405-744-6071 · www.fapc.bizAdding Value to Oklahoma f a p c Measurement Equipment for Food Product Development

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

63

Which is the preferable biogas utilisation technology for anaerobic digestion of agricultural crops in Ireland: Biogas to CHP or biomethane as a transport fuel?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The utilisation of anaerobic digestion to produce biogas as an energy source is a mature technology in many European countries but is yet to be developed in Ireland. In 2009, the EU issued the Renewable Energy Source Directive 2009/28/EC which requires a 20% share of renewable energy sources (heat and electricity) in final energy consumption for all member states, respectively, including a 10% share of biofuels in the transport sector by 2020. The introduction of biogas to produce power and electricity in the form of CHP technology and biomethane as a transport fuel can help Ireland achieve the mandatory targets set by the directive. The key focus of the paper is to determine the optimum small to medium scale biogas technology and the impact the introduction of that technology infrastructure will have on renewable energy targets for Ireland. In terms of feedstock, agricultural sources such as energy crops and slurry offer a sustainable input to the anaerobic digestion process. The crop rotations under consideration consist of different arrangements of grass silage, maize silage and barley. Grass silage is found to be the most suitable crop for biogas energy production while biogas upgrading to biomethane as a transport fuel has the optimum technology potential in Ireland. To fuel a car operating on biomethane, 0.22ha of grass land is required annually. Full scale national development of 5% of the area under grass in Ireland will contribute 11.4% of renewable energy to the total final transport energy demand by 2020, surpassing the target set by the Renewable Energy Source Directive 2009/28/EC.

D. Goulding; N. Power

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Three Essays On Agricultural and Forestry Offsets In Climate Change Mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

major crops. The implementation of climate change mitigation strategies, such as the expansion of bioenergy production, causes demand for the agricultural sector to increase substantially. The new demand would cause noticeable leakage effect if crop...

Feng, Siyi

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

65

Simulating a storage-production system with three oilseed crops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work developed a simulation model that is intended to be used for strategic investment decisions by a company that operates in a wide range of activities in the agriculture business in Brazil. Mostly, it is a tool ...

Figer, Luiz

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

A comparison of GHG emissions from UK field crop production under selected arable systems with reference to disease control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Crop disease not only threatens global food security by reducing crop production at a time of growing demand, but also contributes to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by reducing efficiency of N fertiliser ... oper...

Robert R. Carlton; Jon S. West; Pete Smith

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources Robert M. Kerr Food & Agricultural Products Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FAPC-110 Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service · Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources FAPC-165 Robert M. Kerr Food & Agricultural Products Center FOOD TECHNOLOGY FACT SHEET 405-744-6071 · www.fapc.bizAdding Value to Oklahoma f a p c Timothy J. Bowser Food Processing Engineer Introduction

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

68

Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources Robert M. Kerr Food & Agricultural Products Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FAPC-142 Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service · Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources FAPC-165 Robert M. Kerr Food & Agricultural Products Center FOOD TECHNOLOGY FACT SHEET 405-744-6071 · www.fapc.bizAdding Value to Oklahoma f a p c Steam Basics for Food Processors Introduction The purpose

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

69

Toward cropping systems that enhance productivity and sustainability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...today's global commodity markets, farm businesses have had...related crops, such as different market classes of wheat and barley. The efficiencies...little as one-fourth as much diesel fuel (?5 liters/tonne...four times the amount of diesel must be visualized in terms...

R. James Cook

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

From the LCA of food products to the environmental assessment of protected crops districts: A case-study in the south of Italy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present study, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology was applied to evaluate the energy consumption and environmental burdens associated with the production of protected crops in an agricultural district in the Mediterranean region. In this study, LCA was used as a support tool, to address local policies for sustainable production and consumption patterns, and to create a knowledge base for environmental assessment of an extended agricultural production area. The proposed approach combines organisation-specific tools, such as Environmental Management Systems and Environmental Product Declarations, with the environmental management of the district. Questionnaires were distributed to producers to determine the life cycle of different protected crops (tomatoes, cherry tomatoes, peppers, melons and zucchinis), and obtain information on greenhouse usage (e.g. tunnel vs. pavilion). Ecoprofiles of products in the district were also estimated, to identify supply chain elements with the highest impact in terms of global energy requirements, greenhouse gas emissions, eutrophication, water consumption and waste production. These results of this study enable selection of the best practices and ecodesign solutions, to reduce the environmental impact of these products. Finally, sensitivity analysis of key LCA issues was performed, to assess the variability associated with different parameters: vegetable production; water usage; fertiliser and pesticide usage; shared greenhouse use; substitution of plastics coverings; and waste recycling.

Maurizio Cellura; Fulvio Ardente; Sonia Longo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Energy Balance for Ethyl Alcohol Production from Crops  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...used in agricultural and industrial processing, except the solar energy that the plants use for growth. Moreira and Goldemberg...which they live to-gether in the Serengeti National Park of Tanzania. During the wet season, which extends from November through...

JOS GOMES DA SILVA; GIL EDUARDO SERRA; JOS ROBERTO MOREIRA; JOS CARLOS CONALVES; JOS GOLDEMBERG

1978-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

72

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternative agricultural crops Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

University of Guelph Collection: Biotechnology 20 Developing a Portfolio of Sustainable Bioenergy Feedstock Production Systems for the US Midwest: A Research and Demonstration...

73

Global Simulation of Bioenergy Crop Productivity: Analytical Framework and Case Study for Switchgrass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A global energy crop productivity model that provides geospatially explicit quantitative details on biomass potential and factors affecting sustainability would be useful, but does not exist now. This study describes a modeling platform capable of meeting many challenges associated with global-scale agro-ecosystem modeling. We designed an analytical framework for bioenergy crops consisting of six major components: (i) standardized natural resources datasets, (ii) global field-trial data and crop management practices, (iii) simulation units and management scenarios, (iv) model calibration and validation, (v) high-performance computing (HPC) simulation, and (vi) simulation output processing and analysis. The HPC-Environmental Policy Integrated Climate (HPC-EPIC) model simulated a perennial bioenergy crop, switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), estimating feedstock production potentials and effects across the globe. This modeling platform can assess soil C sequestration, net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, nonpoint source pollution (e.g., nutrient and pesticide loss), and energy exchange with the atmosphere. It can be expanded to include additional bioenergy crops (e.g., miscanthus, energy cane, and agave) and food crops under different management scenarios. The platform and switchgrass field-trial dataset are available to support global analysis of biomass feedstock production potential and corresponding metrics of sustainability.

Kang, Shujiang [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL; Nair, S. Surendran [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Nichols, Dr Jeff A [ORNL; Post, Wilfred M [ORNL; Brandt, Craig C [ORNL; Wullschleger, Stan D [ORNL; Wei, Yaxing [ORNL; Singh, Nagendra [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Agricultural  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resources News & Events Expand News & Events Skip navigation links Smart Grid Demand Response Agricultural Residential Demand Response Commercial & Industrial Demand Response...

75

The Carbon Footprint of Bioenergy Sorghum Production in Central Texas: Production Implications on Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Carbon Cycling, and Life Cycle Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhanced interest in biofuel production has renewed interest in bioenergy crop production within the United States. Agricultures role in biofuel production is critical because it has the potential to supply renewable energy while minimizing...

Storlien, Joseph Orgean

2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

76

A National Assessment of Promising Areas for Switchgrass, Hybrid Poplar, or Willow Energy Crop Production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to systematically assess the cropland acreage that could support energy crops and the expected farm gate and delivered prices of energy crops. The assessment is based on output from two modeling approaches: (1) the Oak Ridge County-Level Energy Crop (ORECCL) database (1996 version) and (2) the Oak Ridge Integrated Bioenergy Analysis System (ORIBAS). The former provides county-level estimates of suitable acres, yields, and farmgate prices of energy crops (switchgrass, hybrid poplar, willow) for all fifty states. The latter estimates delivered feedstock prices and quantities within a state at a fine resolution (1 km2) and considers the interplay between transportation costs, farmgate prices, cropland density, and facility demand. It can be used to look at any type of feedstock given the appropriate input parameters. For the purposes of this assessment, ORIBAS has been used to estimate farmgate and delivered switchgrass prices in 11 states (AL, FL, GA, IA, M N, MO, ND, NE, SC, SD, and TN). Because the potential for energy crop production can be considered from several perspectives, and is evolving as policies, economics and our basic understanding of energy crop yields and production costs change, this assessment should be viewed as a snapshot in time.

Graham, R.L.; Walsh, M.E.

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Action Plan Agricultural Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

research for agricultural and forestry interest (nutrition, photosynthesis, enhancements, fruit cultivation stress and crop protection), and the study of farm animal resources (nutrition, production and animal change, energy or water). Institutes and Centres that comprise the Area The Area comprises a total of 17

Fitze, Patrick

78

The role of N2O derived from crop-based biofuels, and from agriculture in general, in Earth's climate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...biofuels, and from agriculture in general, in Earth's...life cycle analysis (LCA) models, led to broadly...global emissions from agriculture. Independent modelling...life cycle analysis (LCA) models, led to broadly...global emissions from agriculture. Independent modelling...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

The Food and Fiber System and Production Agriculture's Contributions to the Texas Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Food and Fiber System and Production Agriculture's Contributions to the Texas Economy and ranch operations. Production and marketing are becoming more integrated, and computer systems are being The total food and fiber system includes all economic activities linked to agricultural production

80

E-Print Network 3.0 - agricultural biotechnology products Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Elisabeth Sadoulet1 Summary: . Similarly new biotechnologies, as well as emerging new markets for agriculture such as the production... as a growth process of relocating...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

E-Print Network 3.0 - agricultural production Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Theater, MSU-Bozeman 282B Strand Union Building Summary: and outreach programs focus on bioenergy production opportunities, agricultural policy and consumer economics... and...

82

E-Print Network 3.0 - agricultural production energeticky Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Theater, MSU-Bozeman 282B Strand Union Building Summary: and outreach programs focus on bioenergy production opportunities, agricultural policy and consumer economics... and...

83

E-Print Network 3.0 - agricultural products Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Theater, MSU-Bozeman 282B Strand Union Building Summary: and outreach programs focus on bioenergy production opportunities, agricultural policy and consumer economics... and...

84

Perceptions of secondary school agriculture teachers regarding biomass production education in Iowa.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??With the boom of biorenewable energy, biomass production has become an important segment in agriculture industry (Iowa Energy Center, 2013). A higher workforce will be (more)

Han, Guang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Novel enabling technologies of gene isolation and plant transformation for improved crop protection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Meeting the needs of agricultural producers requires the continued development of improved transgenic crop protection products. The completed project focused on developing novel enabling technologies of gene discovery and plant transformation to facilitate the generation of such products.

Torok, Tamas

2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

86

A knowledge-based intelligent electronic commerce system for selling agricultural products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a knowledge-based intelligent e-commerce system for selling agricultural products. The KIES system not only provides agricultural products sales, financial analysis and sales forecasting, but also provides feasible solutions or actions ... Keywords: Knowledge-based intelligent system, Model base, Rule base, e-Commerce

W. Wen

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Energy Supply- Production of Fuel from Agricultural and Animal Waste  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Society for Energy and Environmental Research (SEER) was funded in March 2004 by the Department of Energy, under grant DE-FG-36-04GO14268, to produce a study, and oversee construction and implementation, for the thermo-chemical production of fuel from agricultural and animal waste. The grant focuses on the Changing World Technologies (CWT) of West Hempstead, NY, thermal conversion process (TCP), which converts animal residues and industrial food processing biproducts into fuels, and as an additional product, fertilizers. A commercial plant was designed and built by CWT, partially using grant funds, in Carthage, Missouri, to process animal residues from a nearby turkey processing plant. The DOE sponsored program consisted of four tasks. These were: Task 1 Optimization of the CWT Plant in Carthage - This task focused on advancing and optimizing the process plant operated by CWT that converts organic waste to fuel and energy. Task 2 Characterize and Validate Fuels Produced by CWT - This task focused on testing of bio-derived hydrocarbon fuels from the Carthage plant in power generating equipment to determine the regulatory compliance of emissions and overall performance of the fuel. Task 3 Characterize Mixed Waste Streams - This task focused on studies performed at Princeton University to better characterize mixed waste incoming streams from animal and vegetable residues. Task 4 Fundamental Research in Waste Processing Technologies - This task focused on studies performed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) on the chemical reformation reaction of agricultural biomass compounds in a hydrothermal medium. Many of the challenges to optimize, improve and perfect the technology, equipment and processes in order to provide an economically viable means of creating sustainable energy were identified in the DOE Stage Gate Review, whose summary report was issued on July 30, 2004. This summary report appears herein as Appendix 1, and the findings of the report formed the basis for much of the subsequent work under the grant. An explanation of the process is presented as well as the completed work on the four tasks.

Gabriel Miller

2009-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

88

The Food and Fiber System and Production Agriculture's Contributions to the Texas Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In 2001, Texas agriculture generated $14 billion in cash receipts. The production, processing, distribution and consumption of food and fiber products contributes substantially to the economy of Texas. This publication reports the contributions...

Nelson, Gene

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Knowledge Integration to Make Decisions About Complex Systems: Sustainability of Energy Production from Agriculture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A major bottleneck for improving the governance of complex systems, rely on our ability to integrate different forms of knowledge into a decision support system (DSS). Preliminary aspects are the classification of different types of knowledge (a priori or general, a posteriori or specific, with uncertainty, numerical, textual, algorithmic, complete/incomplete, etc.), the definition of ontologies for knowledge management and the availability of proper tools like continuous simulation models, event driven models, statistical approaches, computational methods (neural networks, evolutionary optimization, rule based systems etc.) and procedure for textual documentation. Following these views at University of Udine, a computer language (SEMoLa, Simple, Easy Modelling Language) for knowledge integration has been developed. SEMoLa can handle models, data, metadata and textual knowledge; it implements and extends the system dynamics ontology (Forrester, 1968; Jrgensen, 1994) in which systems are modelled by the concepts of material, group, state, rate, parameter, internal and external events and driving variables. As an example, a SEMoLa model to improve management and sustainability (economical, energetic, environmental) of the agricultural farms is presented. The model (X-Farm) simulates a farm in which cereal and forage yield, oil seeds, milk, calves and wastes can be sold or reused. X-Farm is composed by integrated modules describing fields (crop and soil), feeds and materials storage, machinery management, manpower management, animal husbandry, economic and energetic balances, seed oil extraction, manure and wastes management, biogas production from animal wastes and biomasses.

Francesco Danuso

2008-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

90

Knowledge Integration to Make Decisions About Complex Systems: Sustainability of Energy Production from Agriculture  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

A major bottleneck for improving the governance of complex systems, rely on our ability to integrate different forms of knowledge into a decision support system (DSS). Preliminary aspects are the classification of different types of knowledge (a priori or general, a posteriori or specific, with uncertainty, numerical, textual, algorithmic, complete/incomplete, etc.), the definition of ontologies for knowledge management and the availability of proper tools like continuous simulation models, event driven models, statistical approaches, computational methods (neural networks, evolutionary optimization, rule based systems etc.) and procedure for textual documentation. Following these views at University of Udine, a computer language (SEMoLa, Simple, Easy Modelling Language) for knowledge integration has been developed. SEMoLa can handle models, data, metadata and textual knowledge; it implements and extends the system dynamics ontology (Forrester, 1968; Jrgensen, 1994) in which systems are modelled by the concepts of material, group, state, rate, parameter, internal and external events and driving variables. As an example, a SEMoLa model to improve management and sustainability (economical, energetic, environmental) of the agricultural farms is presented. The model (X-Farm) simulates a farm in which cereal and forage yield, oil seeds, milk, calves and wastes can be sold or reused. X-Farm is composed by integrated modules describing fields (crop and soil), feeds and materials storage, machinery management, manpower management, animal husbandry, economic and energetic balances, seed oil extraction, manure and wastes management, biogas production from animal wastes and biomasses.

Francesco Danuso

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

91

College of Agriculture, Food and Environment SAG Sustainable Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College of Agriculture, Food and Environment SAG Sustainable Agriculture KEY: # = new course INTRODUCTION TO SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE. (3) Broad introduction to the environmental, economic and cultural agriculture are discussed along with pertinent soil, crop and livestock management practices. Relationships

MacAdam, Keith

92

Economics of biomass fuels for electricity production: a case study with crop residues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will play a major role in determining the future degree of bioelectricity production: the price of coal and the future price of carbon emissions. Using The Forest and Agricultural Sector Optimization ModelGreen House Gas version (FASOMGHG) in a case study...

Maung, Thein Aye

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

93

Session Title Climate Smart Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Session Title Climate Smart Agriculture Session Date Khosla (moderator) Professor, Soil and Crop Sciences College of Agricultural Climate Smart Agriculture is a multi-disciplinary approach to practice agriculture

Barnes, Elizabeth A.

94

Crop Science Minor To earn a Crop Science minor, students must complete the following courses to total 27 credits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) ____ CSS 320. Principles of Oil and Fiber Crop Production (1) ____ CSS 321 Ecology and Morphology (3) ____ CROP 300. Crop Production in Pacific Northwest) ____ CROP 310. Forage Production (4) ____ CROP 319.Principles of Field Crop

Grünwald, Niklaus J.

95

Pollution Caused by Agricultural Waste Burning and Possible Alternate Uses of Crop Stubble: A Case Study of Punjab  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Crop residue burning is one among the many sources of air pollution. Burning of farm waste causes severe pollution of land and water ... Straw carbon, nitrogen and sulphur are completely burnt and lost to the atm...

Parmod Kumar; Laxmi Joshi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Assessing freshwater ecotoxicity of agricultural products in life cycle assessment (LCA): a case study of wheat using French agricultural practices databases and USEtox model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Most of LCA of crop production focus on nitrate emissions...2000, 2002) or greenhouse gases emissions (Biswas et al. 2007; Brentrup et al. 2002...). Pesticides and their effects on the ecosystems are still too of...

Amandine Berthoud; Pauline Maupu

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

An Evaluation of OBERS Projections of Texas Agricultural Production in 1980, 2000 and 2020  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TR-53 1973 An Evaluation of OBERS Projections of Texas Agricultural Production in 1980, 2000 and 2020 J.P. Warren W.L. Griffin W.L. Trock Texas Water Resources Institute Texas A&M University ... TR-53 1973 An Evaluation of OBERS Projections of Texas Agricultural Production in 1980, 2000 and 2020 J.P. Warren W.L. Griffin W.L. Trock Texas Water Resources Institute Texas A&M University ...

Warren, J. P.; Griffin, W. L.; Trock, W. L.

98

The effect of stone retention walls on soil productivity and crop performance on selected hillside farms in southern Honduras  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EFFECT OF STONE RETENTION WALLS ON SOIL PRODUCTIVITY AND CROP PERFORMANCE ON SELECTED HILLSIDE FARMS IN SOUTHERN HONDURAS A Thesis by MARC ELLERY THOMPSON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major Subject Soil Science THE EFFECT OF STONE RETENTION WALLS ON SOIL PRODUCTIVITY AND CROP PERFORMANCE ON SELECTED HILLSIDE FARMS IN SOUTHERN HONDURAS A Thesis by MARC...

Thompson, Marc Ellery

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

agronomie: agriculture and environment Estimation des apports de produits phytosanitaires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a method to evaluate the input of agrochemicals on an agricultural watershed. First, land use was estimated (RGA). Second, the input of agrochemicals on each cropping was estimated, since 1970, from a survey of agrochemicals was computed as the product of the input of agrochemicals on each cropping and the surface area

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

100

Integrated assessment of Hadley Center (HadCM2) climate-change impacts on agricultural productivity and irrigation water supply in the conterminous United States: Part II. Regional agricultural production in 2030 and 2095  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A national assessment (NA) evaluated the potential consequences of climate change and variability on the agriculture, water resources, as well as other economic and natural resource sectors in the United States. As part of this process, we used scenarios of the HadCM2 GCM and the EPIC agroecosystem model to evaluate climate-change impacts on crop yields and ecosystem processes. Baseline climate data were obtained from national records for 19611990. The scenario runs for 20252034 and 20902099 were extracted from a HadCM2 run. EPIC was run on 204 representative farms under current climate and two 10-year periods centered on 2030 and 2095, each at CO2 concentrations of 365 and 560ppm. Crops were simulated under both dryland and irrigated management, with irrigation water supply estimates taken from the HUMUS simulations in Paper 1. Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Arizona, and California are projected to experience significant temperature increases by 2030. Slight cooling is expected by 2030 in Alabama, Florida, Maine, Montana, Idaho, and Utah. Larger areas are projected to experience increased warming by 2095. Uniform precipitation increases are expected by 2030 in the northeast. These increases are predicted to expand to the eastern half of the country by 2095. Regionally, dryland corn yields could increase, decrease or remain unchanged under the two scenarios. EPIC simulated yield increases for the Great Lakes, Corn Belt and Northeast regions. Simulated yields of irrigated corn were predicted to increase in almost all regions. Soybean yields could decrease in the Northern and Southern Plains, the Corn Belt, Delta, Appalachian, and Southeast regions and increase in the Lakes and Northeast regions. Simulated wheat yields exhibited upward trends under scenarios of climate-change. Evapotranspiration in dryland corn is expected to increase in both future periods while water-use efficiency will decrease. National corn production in 2030 and 2095 could be affected by changes in three major producing regions. In 2030, corn production could increase in the Corn Belt and Lakes regions but decrease in the Northern Plains leading to an overall decrease in national production. National wheat production is expected to increase during both future periods. A proxy indicator was developed to provide a sense of where in the country, and when water would be available to satisfy change in irrigation demand for corn and alfalfa production as these are influenced by the HadCM2 scenarios and CO2-fertilization. Irrigation requirement by irrigated crops declines under these scenarios as transpiration is suppressed.

R.Csar Izaurralde; Norman J. Rosenberg; Robert A. Brown; Allison M. Thomson

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Framtidens lantbruk / Future Agriculture Future Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Framtidens lantbruk / Future Agriculture Future Agriculture ­ Livestock, Crops and Land Use Report from a multidisciplinary research platform. Phase I (2009 ­ 2012) #12;Future Agriculture ­ Livestock Waldenström Utgivningsår: 2012, Uppsala Utgivare: SLU, Framtidens lantbruk/Future Agriculture Layout: Pelle

102

Comparisons of type and volume of growth media and two cropping systems for production of greenhouse tomatoes Lycopersicon esculentum Mill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMPARISONS OF TYPE AND VOLUME OF GROWTH MEDIA AND TWO CROPPING SYSTEMS FOR PRODUCTION OF GREENHOUSE TOMATOES LYCOPERSICON ESCULENTUM MILL. A Thesis by JOHN DARRYL BYRD Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A & M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1977 Major Subject: Horticulture COMPARISONS OF TYPE AND VOLUME OF GROWTH MEDIA AND TWO CROPPING SYSTEMS FOR PRODUCTIOF OF GREENHOUSE TOMATOES LYCOPERSICON ESCULENTUM MILL. A...

Byrd, John Darryl

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

103

Agricultural and Resource Economics Update  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

benefits; planting energy crops in corn production areasethanol from energy crops compared to corn etha- nol is thatproducing an energy crop and produc- ing corn. This choice

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Grazing Strategies for Beef Production Escalating energy costs and alternative cropping systems for biofuels production have  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for biofuels production have dramatically increased costs of fertilizer, seed, and feed grains. These increased

105

Bioenergy Production from Perennial Energy Crops: A Consequential LCA of 12 Bioenergy Scenarios including Land Use Changes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bioenergy Production from Perennial Energy Crops: A Consequential LCA of 12 Bioenergy Scenarios including Land Use Changes ... In the endeavor of optimizing the sustainability of bioenergy production in Denmark, this consequential life cycle assessment (LCA) evaluated the environmental impacts associated with the production of heat and electricity from one hectare of Danish arable land cultivated with three perennial crops: ryegrass (Lolium perenne), willow (Salix viminalis) and Miscanthus giganteus. ... Soil carbon changes, direct and indirect land use changes as well as uncertainty analysis (sensitivity, MonteCarlo) were included in the LCA. ...

Davide Tonini; Lorie Hamelin; Henrik Wenzel; Thomas Astrup

2012-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

106

College of Agricultural Sciences College of Agricultural Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College of Agricultural Sciences _______________ 2.5 Page 1 College of Agricultural Sciences Office Science Environmental Horticulture Equine Science Horticulture Landscape Architecture Soil and Crop Sciences UNDERGRADUATE MINORS Agricultural and Resource Economics Entomology Environmental Horticulture

107

Returning to Our Roots: Making Plant Biology Research Relevant to Future Challenges in Agriculture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...part of the nations liquid energy needs, creating a potentially unlimited market for this use. A sensible alternative...prime land from growing these energy crops if the economic gain...use of agricultural land for energy production creates another...

Steven J. Rothstein

2007-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

108

Robotics in Crop Production Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, University of Illinois at  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, mushrooms, and other fruits. In horticulture, robots have been introduced to harvest citrus and apples are grown hydro- ponically under artificial lighting. Computers and robots control the process from

109

Study of the Distribution of News Releases Produced by the Oklahoma Food and Agricultural Products Research and Technology Center.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The purpose of this study was to evaluate how Oklahoma newspapers use the Food and Agricultural Products Center news releases. A descriptive analysis approach was (more)

Jones, Amanda Faith

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

An overview of biofuels from energy crops: Current status and future prospects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Energy crops constitute significant potential for meeting the future energy need worldwide. In addition, agricultural lands offer an alternative to the agriculture which is referred to as energy farming. The studies on energy crops in biofuel production show that they are quite an economical and environmentally beneficial way of sustainable energy production. Today most of the developed countries use staples such as corn, sugar beet, soybean, rapeseed, and wheat in order to obtain energy. Moreover, bioethanol is mostly produced from sugarcane and corn and biodiesel from oilseed plants. Therefore, these produced raw materials compete with food and feed production. Consequently, the use of those energy crops which are used as food products for biofuel production is an important issue which must be considered in terms of the current food safety. Some energy crops, such as miscanthus, switchgrass and sweet sorghum, that are called C4 crops, can grow with high biomass yield even in infertile land. Thus, these crops are used in energy farming a new type of agriculture. Furthermore, C4-type crops possess the features of resistance to aridity, high photosynthetic yield and a high rate of CO2 capture when compared with C3 crops. In conclusion, C4 crops tend to produce more biomass than C3 crops. Therefore, these crops are investigated, focused on, and elaborated on in this paper. This study aims to present a comprehensive review on the production of biofuels from lignocellulosic agricultural products and promising energy crops. Thus, the energy crops to be used as raw materials for biofuels today and in the future are investigated. In addition, it is intended to highlight the energy crops used as staples by discussing them in detail for biofuel production. The energy crops which are promising in biofuel production, particularly non-staple miscanthus and sorghum, are presented in detail as they are non-food crops and have a high yield. Furthermore, the energy crops used as raw materials for bioenergy today and their potential are compared both worldwide and in Turkey.

Gnnur Koar; Nilgn Civa?

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Long-term climate change impacts on agricultural productivity in eastern China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Increasing atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations are expected to induce significant climate change over the next century and beyond, but the impacts on society remain highly uncertain. This work examines potential climate change impacts on the productivity of five major crops in northeastern China: canola, corn, potato, rice, and winter wheat. In addition to determining domain-wide trends, the objective is to identify vulnerable and emergent regions under future climate conditions, defined as having a greater than 10% decrease and increase in productivity, respectively. Data from the ICTP RegCM3 regional climate model for baseline (1961-1990) and future (2071-2100) periods under A2 scenario conditions are used as input in the EPIC agro-ecosystem simulation model in the domain [30N, 108E] to [42N, 123E]. Simulations are performed with and without the enhanced CO2 fertilization effect. Results indicate that aggregate potential productivity (i.e. if the crop is grown everywhere) increases 6.5% for rice, 8.3% for canola, 18.6% for corn, 22.9% for potato, and 24.9% for winter wheat, although with significant spatial variability for each crop. However, absent the enhanced CO2 fertilization effect, potential productivity declines in all cases ranging from 2.5-12%. Interannual yield variability remains constant or declines in all cases except rice. Climate variables are found to be more significant drivers of simulated yield changes than changes in soil properties, except in the case of potato production in the northwest where the effects of wind erosion are more significant. Overall, in the future period corn and winter wheat benefit significantly in the North China Plain, rice remains dominant in the southeast and emerges in the northeast, potato and corn yields become viable in the northwest, and potato yields suffer in the southwest with no other crop emerging as a clear beneficiary from among those simulated in this study.

Chavas, Daniel R.; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Thomson, Allison M.; Gao, Xuejie

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

112

Identifying, examining, and validating a description of the agriculture industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineers, Agricultural Science Teachers, Agricultural Technicians, Animal Breeders, Animal Scientists, Crop and Livestock Manager, Farm and Home Management Advisors, Farmers and Ranchers, Food Science Technicians, Food Scientists and Technologists... ___________ This dissertation follows the style of the Journal of Agricultural Education. CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION As evidenced by the dwindling acres of farm land in production in the United States, fewer and fewer people are considering careers in contemporary...

Romero, Edward Wayne

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

113

Production of Short-Rotation Woody Crops Grown with a Range of Nutrient and Water Availability: Establishment Report and First-Year Responses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coleman, M.D., et. al. 2003. Production of Short-Rotation Woody Crops Grown with a Range of Nutrient and Water Availability: Establishment Report and First-Year Responses. Report. USDA Forest Service, Savannah River, Aiken, SC. 26 pp. Abstract: Many researchers have studied the productivity potential of intensively managed forest plantations. However, we need to learn more about the effects of fundamental growth processes on forest productivity; especially the influence of aboveground and belowground resource acquisition and allocation. This report presents installation, establishment, and first-year results of four tree species (two cottonwood clones, sycamore, sweetgum, and loblolly pine) grown with fertilizer and irrigation treatments. At this early stage of development, irrigation and fertilization were additive only in cottonwood clone ST66 and sweetgum. Leaf area development was directly related to stem growth, but root production was not always consistent with shoot responses, suggesting that allocation of resources varies among treatments. We will evaluate the consequences of these early responses on resource availability in subsequent growing seasons. This information will be used to: (1) optimize fiber and bioenergy production; (2) understand carbon sequestration; and (3) develop innovative applications such as phytoremediation; municipal, industrial, and agricultural wastes management; and protection of soil, air, and water resources.

D.R. Coyle; J. Blake; K. Britton; M.; Buford; R.G. Campbell; J. Cox; B. Cregg; D. Daniels; ,; M. Jacobson; K. Johnsen; T. McDonald; K. McLeod; E.; Nelson; D. Robison; R. Rummer; F. Sanchez; J.; Stanturf; B. Stokes; C. Trettin; J. Tuskan; L. Wright; ,; S. Wullschleger

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

114

Impact of demand-enhancing farm policy on the agricultural sector: a firm level simulation of ethanol production subsidies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IMPACT OF DEMAND-ENHANCING FARM POLICY ON THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR: A FIRM LEVEL SIMULATION OF ETHANOL PRODUCTION SUBSIDIES A Thesis By LETA SUSANNE WASSON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1990 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics IMPACT OF DEMAND-ENHANCING FARM POLICY ON THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR: A FIRM LEVEL SIMULATION OF ETHANOL PRODUCTION SUBSIDIES A Thesis...

Wasson, Leta Susanne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

115

Optimal Cropping Strategies Considering Risk: Texas Trans-Pecos.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

trials. The EPIC (Erosion Productivity Impact Calculator) generalized crop growth model, originally developed by the U.S. Department of Agricul ture (Williams et al., 1984a), was used to develop yield distribu tions for selected row crops and various... ous facets of this study. Their contributions added greatly to the depth and scope of this effort. Numerous other individuals contributed valuable time and energy. James (Jimmy) Williams of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Blacklands Research...

Ellis, John R.; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Moore, Jaroy; Richardson, James

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Assessing the Economic Viability of Bio-based Products for Missouri Value-added Crop Production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While research and development on biobased products has continued strong over the years, parallel attention on the economics and management of such product innovation has been lacking. With the financial support of the Department of Energy, the Economics and Management of Agrobiotechnology Center at the University of Missouri-Columbia has launched a pilot graduate education program that seeks to fill the gap. Within this context, a multi-disciplinary research and teaching program has been structured with an emphasis on new product and innovation economics and management. More specifically, this pilot graduate education program has the following major objectives: (1) To provide students with a strong background in innovation economics, management, and strategy. (2) To diversify the students academic background with coursework in science and technology. (3) To familiarize the student with biobased policy initiatives through interaction with state and national level organizations and policymakers. (4) To facilitate active collaboration with industry involved in the development and production of biobased products. The pilot education program seeks to develop human capital and research output. Although the research is, initially, focused on issues related to the State of Missouri, the results are expected to have national implications for the economy, producers, consumers and environment.

Nicholas Kalaitzandonakes

2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

117

Solar Grade Silicon from Agricultural By-products  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this project, Mayaterials developed a low cost, low energy and low temperature method of purifying rice hull ash to high purity (5-6Ns) and converting it by carbothermal reduction to solar grade quality silicon (Sipv) using a self-designed and built electric arc furnace (EAF). Outside evaluation of our process by an independent engineering firm confirms that our technology greatly lowers estimated operating expenses (OPEX) to $5/kg and capital expenses (CAPEX) to $24/kg for Sipv production, which is well below best-in-class plants using a Siemens process approach (OPEX of 14/kg and CAPEX of $87/kg, respectively). The primary limiting factor in the widespread use of photovoltaic (PV) cells is the high cost of manufacturing, compared to more traditional sources to reach 6 g Sipv/watt (with averages closer to 8+g/watt). In 2008, the spot price of Sipv rose to $450/kg. While prices have since dropped to a more reasonable $25/kg; this low price level is not sustainable, meaning the longer-term price will likely return to $35/kg. The 6-8 g Si/watt implies that the Sipv used in a module will cost $0.21-0.28/watt for the best producers (45% of the cost of a traditional solar panel), a major improvement from the cost/wafer driven by the $50/kg Si costs of early 2011, but still a major hindrance in fulfilling DOE goal of lowering the cost of solar energy below $1/watt. The solar cell industry has grown by 40% yearly for the past eight years, increasing the demand for Sipv. As such, future solar silicon price spikes are expected in the next few years. Although industry has invested billions of dollars to meet this ever-increasing demand, the technology to produce Sipv remains largely unchanged requiring the energy intensive, and chlorine dependent Siemens process or variations thereof. While huge improvements have been made, current state-of-the-art industrial plant still use 65 kWh/kg of silicon purified. Our technology offers a key distinction to other technologies as it starts one step upstream from all other Sipv production efforts. Our process starts by producing high purity SiO2/C feedstocks from which Sipv can be produced in a single, chlorine free, final EAF step. Specifically, our unique technology, and the resultant SiO2/C product can serve as high purity feedstocks to existing metallurgical silicon (Simet) producers, allowing them to generate Sipv with existing US manufacturing infrastructure, reducing the overall capital and commissioning schedule. Our low energy, low CAPEX and OPEX process purifies the silica and carbon present in rice hull ash (RHA) at low temperatures (< 200C) to produce high purity (5-6 Ns) feedstock for production of Sipv using furnaces similar to those used to produce Simet. During the course of this project we partnered with Wadham Energy LP (Wadham), who burns 220k ton of rice hulls (RH)/yr generating 200 GWh of electricity/yr and >30k ton/yr RHA. The power generation step produces much more energy (42 kWh/kg of final silicon produced) than required to purify the RHA (5 kWh/kg of Sipv, compared to 65 kWh/kg noted above. Biogenic silica offers three very important foundations for producing high purity silicon. First, wastes from silica accumulating plants, such as rice, corn, many grasses, algae and grains, contain very reactive, amorphous silica from which impurities are easily removed. Second, plants take up only a limited set of, and minimal quantities of the heavy metals present in nature, meaning fewer minerals must be removed. Third, biomass combustion generates a product with intrinsic residual carbon, mixed at nanometer length scales with the SiO2. RHA is 80-90 wt% high surface area (20 m2/g), amorphous SiO2 with some simple mineral content mixed intimately with 5-15 wt% carbon. The mineral content is easily removed by low cost, acid washes using Mayaterials IP, leading to purified rice hull ash (RHAclean) at up to 6N purity. This highly reactive silica is partially extracted from RHAclean at 200 C in an environmentally benign process to adjust SiO2:C ratios to those needed in EA

Richard M. Laine

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

118

An analysis of producing ethanol and electric power from woody residues and agricultural crops in East Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are also investigated. The research analyzes the key indicators involved with economic costs and benefits, environmental and social impacts. The bioenergy production possibilities considered here were biofeedstock supported electric power and cellulosic...

Ismayilova, Rubaba Mammad

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

119

The Multiple Peril Crop Insurance Actual Production History (APH) Insurance Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economics, Professor and Extension Economist? Management, The Texas A&M System; and Extension Agricultural Economist, Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service. The U.S. Dept. of Agriculture?s (USDA) Risk..., levels of coverage, price elections, applicable premium rates and subsidy amounts. The special provisions list program calendar dates and contain general and special statements that may further define, limit or modify coverage. MPCI?s Actual...

Stokes, Kenneth; Barnaby, G. A. Art; Waller, Mark L.; Outlaw, Joe

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

120

Effects of cropping-system-related soil moisture and nutrient dynamics on the sustainability of semiarid dryland agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Information on seasonal dynamics and fluxes in interrelated soil processes, and on profitability, are needed producers for 10 years: Conduct on-farm studies that track soil processes and interactions during four seasonal periods for two years; 2. Link soil process research to field and farm scale production activities

Norton, Jay B.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

The research programme Future Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The research programme Future Agriculture ­ livestock, crops and land use Welcome to a lunch.slu.se/futureagriculture For questions, please contact KatarinaVrede (katarina.vrede@slu.se) About Future Agriculture ­ livestock, crops and land use The changes and challenges facing agriculture in the future will be substantial, not only

122

Financial potential of rubber plantations considering rubberwood production: Wood and crop production nexus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Globalization and urbanization have significantly increased the food and non-food commodity demand for the last century, and it is vital to consider a business strategy with economical and ecological sustainability. The objective of this study was to project the contribution of wood to the financial performance of rubber plantations. We adopted cost and revenue data of rubber plantations in Cambodia and utilized land expectation value (LEV) as the criterion for profitability analysis. Among the top-ten rubber-producing countries in pan-tropics, the areas of rubber plantation were equivalent to from 1% to 90% of forest plantations and 0.3%10.2% of total forest areas. Rubberwood revenue accounts for about 4%10% of the 30th year LEV in rubber plantations at discount rates of 2%y?110%y?1, and this was sufficient to cover the cost of re-establishing the plantations. The proportion of the 30th year LEV contributed by wood revenue increased under conditions normally associated with a more difficult business environment, i.e., at higher wage costs, and lower latex revenue. We found that the wood revenue can improve the profitability of rubber plantations by up to 40% depending on the price of the rubberwood. We assert that timber from wood producing commodity plantations should be encouragingly utilized as industrial timber by linking the wood production in the management strategy of the plantations.

Akira Shigematsu; Nobuya Mizoue; Khun Kakada; Pheng Muthavy; Tsuyoshi Kajisa; Shigejiro Yoshida

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Environmental and societal consequences of a possible CO/sub 2/-induced climate change. Volume II, Part 8. Impacts of rising atmospheric carbon dioxide levels on agricultural growing seasons and crop water use efficiencies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The researchable areas addressed relate to the possible impacts of climate change on agricultural growing seasons and crop adaptation responses on a global basis. The research activities proposed are divided into the following two main areas of investigation: anticipated climate change impacts on the physical environmental characteristics of the agricultural growing seasons and, the most probable food crop responses to the possible changes in atmospheric CO/sub 2/ levels in plant environments. The main physical environmental impacts considered are the changes in temperature, or more directly, thermal energy levels and the growing season evapotranspiration-precipitation balances. The resulting food crop, commercial forest and rangeland species response impacts addressed relate to potential geographical shifts in agricultural growing seasons as determined by the length in days of the frost free period, thermal energy changes and water balance changes. In addition, the interaction of possible changes in plant water use efficiencies during the growing season in relationship to changing atmospheric CO/sub 2/ concentrations, is also considered under the scenario of global warming due to increases in atmospheric CO/sub 2/ concentration. These proposed research investigations are followed by adaptive response evaluations.

Newman, J. E.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Effect of crop residue harvest on long-term crop yield, soil erosion, and carbon balance: tradeoffs for a sustainable bioenergy feedstock  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Agricultural residues are a potential feedstock for bioenergy production, if residue harvest can be done sustainably. The relationship between crop residue harvest, soil erosion, crop yield and carbon balance was modeled with the Erosion Productivity Impact Calculator/ Environment Policy Integrated Climate (EPIC) using a factorial design. Four crop rotations (winter wheat [Triticum aestivum (L.)] sunflower [Helianthus annuus]; spring wheat [Triticum aestivum (L.)] canola [Brassica napus]; corn [Zea mays L.] soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]; and cotton [Gossypium hirsutum] peanut [Arachis hypogaea]) were simulated at four US locations each, under different topographies (0-10% slope), and management practices [crop residue removal rates (0-75%), conservation practices (no till, contour cropping, strip cropping, terracing)].

Gregg, Jay S.; Izaurralde, Roberto C.

2010-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

125

Cotton production and water quality: Economic and environmental effects of pollution prevention. Agricultural economic report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cotton production, compared with other crops, is less likely to cause erosion-induced water-quality problems because cotton acreage is not the major source of erosion in most regions. For cotton production, the most widespread potential damages to water quality are nitrates from fertilizer polluting ground water and pesticides contaminating surface water. This damage could be reduced by restricting chemical and fertilizer use on all cotton production, but doing so could reduce cotton yields and raise cotton prices. The same level of water-quality improvement could be achieved at less cost by targeting the chemical use or erosion restrictions only to cotton farms with the most vulnerable soils. Data come from a 1989 USDA survey of cotton producers.

Crutchfield, S.R.; Ribaudo, M.O.; Hansen, L.T.; Quiroga, R.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Introduction. Sustainable agriculture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Introduction. Sustainable agriculture Chris...agriculture more sustainable and to consider...progress and future challenges. The reviews cover...harvesting solar energy for biofuels and...to a Theme Issue Sustainable agriculture I...case for increased integration of crop and animal...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

AgriculturAl lAnd ApplicAtion of Biosolids in VirginiA: production And chArActeristics of Biosolids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reducing objections to land application of sewage sludge. Although "biosolids" does not evoke the sameAgriculturAl lAnd ApplicAtion of Biosolids in VirginiA: production And chArActeristics of Biosolids What are biosolids and how are they different from sewage sludge? Biosolids are solid, semi

Liskiewicz, Maciej

128

Nebraska shows potential to produce biofuel crops | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nebraska shows potential to produce biofuel crops Nebraska shows potential to produce biofuel crops Nebraska shows potential to produce biofuel crops December 9, 2009 - 11:12am Addthis Joshua DeLung What are the key facts? Utilizing sites in Nevada that are currently used as buffers around roads for biofuel production instead could meet up to 22 percent of the state's energy requirements. That's 11 times the energy the state currently produces from biomass. Nebraska is known for its rolling cornfields in America's heartland, and agriculture is so thick in the state that people there can smell the fresh produce in the air. Many more in the U.S. might end up tasting the hearty vegetables as well. But one concern about new technologies that use crops for fuel is that those crops, and the land on which they're grown,

129

Nebraska shows potential to produce biofuel crops | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nebraska shows potential to produce biofuel crops Nebraska shows potential to produce biofuel crops Nebraska shows potential to produce biofuel crops December 9, 2009 - 11:12am Addthis Joshua DeLung What are the key facts? Utilizing sites in Nevada that are currently used as buffers around roads for biofuel production instead could meet up to 22 percent of the state's energy requirements. That's 11 times the energy the state currently produces from biomass. Nebraska is known for its rolling cornfields in America's heartland, and agriculture is so thick in the state that people there can smell the fresh produce in the air. Many more in the U.S. might end up tasting the hearty vegetables as well. But one concern about new technologies that use crops for fuel is that those crops, and the land on which they're grown,

130

Investigation of management strategies for the production of sweet sorghum as a bioenergy crop and preservation of crop residue by the ensiling process.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The objective of this project was to investigate management practices for sweet sorghum as a bioenergy crop in Iowa and its storability as an ensiled (more)

Cogdill, Todd Joseph

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Economic analysis of wind-powered crop drying. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Potential applications of wind energy include not only large central turbines that can be utilized by utilities, but also dispersed systems for farms and other applications. The US Departments of Energy (DOE) and Agriculture (USDA) currently are establishing the feasibility of wind energy use in applications where the energy can be used as available, or stored in a simple form. These applications include production of hot water for rural sanitation, heating and cooling of rural structures and products, drying agricultural products, and irrigation. This study, funded by USDA, analyzed the economic feasibility of wind power in crop drying. Drying of corn, soybeans, rice, peanuts, tobacco, and dehydrated alfalfa were addressed.

Garling, W.S.; Harper, M.R.; Merchant-Geuder, L.; Welch, M.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Short rotation woody crop trials for energy production in north central U.S.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tree plantations at several sites have numerous clones with heights greater than 45 feet and diameters of 6+ inches in eight years. The fastest growth rates have been attained in a plantation on a wet site at Milaca, MN, a plantation at Granite Falls, WI, and a plantation at Mondovi, WI, where the largest trees are up to 8 inches DBH at age 8. Mean annual production ranges from 4 to 5+ dry tons per acre in the best clonal blocks, and up to 8.1 tons per acre for the best new hybrids. Reduced growth at some sites was related primarily to insufficient soil water during the growing season, and susceptibility to the disease Septoria musiva. Most tree mortality (36 percent) occurred during the establishment year with only an additional 2 percent mortality over the next 7 years. Leaf tissue nitrogen (N) levels decreased as trees aged and approached the hypothesized 3 percent critical level as trees reached 5- and 6-years old. Fertilization at 75 and 150 lbs/acre N resulted in significant increases in leaf tissue. However, no significant increase in tree growth has been detected. There are significant clonal differences in leaf tissue nitrogen. Hybrid poplar plantations planted on agricultural fields produce significant increases in soil carbon, although there may be carbon loss during the early years of plantation establishment. Septoria musiva is the major pathogen affecting survival and growth of hybrid poplar plantations. A collection of 859 Septoria musiva and Septoria populicola isolates has shown considerably variability in the microorganism. Tissue culture techniques are being used to increase resistance to Septoria in clone NE-308. Over 200 generation 2 plants are ready for field testing in 1995.

Hansen, E.; Netzer, D.; Ostry, M.; Tolsted, D.; Ward, K

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

133

Use the Acceptable Crop Price worksheet to determine breakeven prices for your crops. ACCEPTABLE PRICE WORKSHEET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Use the Acceptable Crop Price worksheet to determine breakeven prices for your crops. ACCEPTABLE PRICE WORKSHEET Prepared by: David Bau - Regional Extension Educator, Agricultural Business Management (August 2012) CROP INCOME EXAMPLE YOUR FARM EXAMPLE YOUR FARM (A) Crop Acres 400 400 176 46 (C) Price

Netoff, Theoden

134

Economics of California Agriculture and Water Quality and Quantity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economics of California Agriculture and Water Quality and Quantity December 2012 Daniel A. Sumner County in the South #12;Animal Products 10% Field Crops 16% Fruits 20%Tree Nuts 27% Vegetables 7% Wine 7 (available categories) Base Sector Output Water Cost Increase (75%) Water Availability Reduction (-25

California at Davis, University of

135

Improving Crop Yield and Water Productivity by Ecological Sanitation and Water Harvesting in South Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X01, Scottsville 3209, South Africa *S Supporting Information and fertility constraints in rain- fed smallholder agriculture in South Africa, namely in situ water harvesting significantly increased maize yields by 12% and transpiration by 2% on average across South Africa. In situ

Wehrli, Bernhard

136

College of Agricultural Sciences College of Agricultural Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College of Agricultural Sciences College of Agricultural Sciences Office in Shepardson Building and maintaining a productive, safe, and sustainable environment. Agricultural programs integrate biological agricultural systems. COLLEGE PROGRAMS Undergraduate Majors Undergraduate programs lead to a Bachelor

Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

137

Resetting global expectations from agricultural biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aggressive renewable energy policies have helped the biofuels industry grow at a rate few could have predicted. However, while discourse on the energy balance and environmental impacts of agricultural biofuel feedstocks are common, the potential they hold for additional production has received considerably less attention. Here we present a new biofuel yield analysis based on the best available global agricultural census data. These new data give us the first opportunity to consider geographically-specific patterns of biofuel feedstock production in different regions, across global, continental, national and sub-national scales. Compared to earlier biofuel yield tables, our global results show overestimates of biofuel yields by ~100% or more for many crops. To encourage the use of regionally-specific data for future biofuel studies, we calculated complete results for 20 feedstock crops for 238 countries, states, territories and protectorates.

Matt Johnston; Jonathan A Foley; Tracey Holloway; Chris Kucharik; Chad Monfreda

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Radionuclide concentrations in agricultural products near the Hanford Site, 1982 through 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pacific Northwest Laboratory reviewed monitoring data for agricultural products collected from 1982 through 1992 near the Hanford Site to determine radionuclide concentration trends. While samples were collected and analyzed, and results reported annual in Hanford Site environmental reports, an 11-year data set was reviewed for this report to increase the ability to assess trends and potential Hanford effects. Products reviewed included milk, chicken, eggs, beef, vegetables, fruit, wine, wheat, and alfalfa. To determine which radionuclides were detected sufficiently often to permit analysis for trends and effects, each radionuclide concentration and its associated uncertainty were ratioed. Radionuclides were considered routinely detectable if more than 50% of the ratios were between zero and one. Data for these radionuclides were then analyzed statistically, using analyses of variance. The statistical analyses indicated the following: for the most part, there were no measurable effects for Hanford operations; radionuclide concentrations in all products reviewed remained relatively low when compared to concentrations that would result in a 1-mrem effective dose equivalent to an individual; radionuclide concentrations are decreasing in general; however, {sup 90}Sr concentrations in all media and {sup 129}I in milk increased from 1982 to 1986, then decreased gradually for the remainder of the review period. The {sup 129}I concentrations may be correlated with processing of irradiated reactor fuel at the Plutonium-Uranium Extraction (PUREX) Plant.

Antonio, E.J.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Oklahoma Agriculture Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oklahoma Agriculture Agriculture #12;Oklahoma Agriculture 2011Oklahoma Agriculture 2011 Oklahoma agriculture affects each of us every day, young and old, whether we live in largely rural regions or the state's Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources promotes sustainable land use and embraces the land

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

140

Agricultural sector impacts of making ethanol from grain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of a model of the effects on the agricultural sector of producing ethanol from corn in the United States between 1979 and 1983. The model is aggregated at the national level, and results are given for all of the major food and feed crops, ethanol joint products, farm income, government payment, and agricultural exports. A stochastic simulation was performed to ascertain the impacts of yield and demand variations on aggregate performance figures. Results indicate minimal impacts on the agricultural sector for production levels of less than 1 billion gallons of ethanol per year. For higher production levels, corn prices will rise sharply, the agricultural sector will be more vulnerable to variations in yields and demands, and joint-product values will fall. Possibilities for ameliorating such effects are discussed, and such concepts as net energy and the biomass refinery are explored.

Hertzmark, D.; Ray, D.; Parvin, G.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

ENVIRONMENTAL & RESOURCE STUDIES PROGRAM Environmental & Resource Science 3350H -Ecological Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, rotational grazing, no-till agriculture and organic farming will also be considered. The challenges with crop production systems and constrains of physiology, soil chemistry, etc., on productivity a list of about 12 books which are interesting and pertinent and recommend you read some or all of them

Fox, Michael

142

Applications of Copulas to Analysis of Efficiency of Weather Derivatives as Primary Crop Insurance Instruments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

insurance. It is also a matter of common knowledge that weather is an important production factor and at the same time one of the greatest sources of risk in agriculture. Hence introduction of crop insurance contracts, based on weather indexes, might be a...

Filonov, Vitaly

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

143

Agricultural commercialization and diversification: processes and policies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Agricultural commercialization and diversification involve the gradual replacement of integrated farming systems by specialized enterprises for crop, livestock, poultry and aquaculture products. Changes in product mix and input uses are determined largely by the market forces during this transition. Commercialization of agricultural production is an endogenous process and is accompanied by economic growth, urbanization and withdrawal of labor from the agricultural sector. This paper provides a selective overview and synthesis of the issues involved in the commercialization and diversification process of agriculture, drawing in significant part from the papers in this volume. Based on an assessment of the process observed in selected countries, we show that the commercialization process should not be expected to be a frictionless process, and significant equity and environmental consequences may occur, at least in the short to medium term, particularly when inappropriate policies are followed. However, we highlight that appropriate government policies including investment in rural infrastructure and crop improvement research and extension, establishment of secure rights to land and water, and development and liberalization of capital markets, can help alleviate many of the possible adverse transitional consequences.

Prabhu L. Pingali; Mark W. Rosegrant

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Cultivation of algae on highly concentrated municipal wastewater as an energy crop for biodiesel production.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??There has been renewed interest in bio-fuel production over the past decade due to the sharp rise in fossil fuel prices and increasing concerns about (more)

Li, Yecong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

E-Print Network 3.0 - agricultural productivity symposium Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Quantitative Sciences, Texas Tech University. Collection: Mathematics 2 Curriculum Vitae Charles B. Moss Summary: : Spatial Variations in Land Values." In Agricultural...

146

Impacts of renewable fuel regulation and production on agriculture, energy, and welfare.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The purpose of this dissertation is to study the impact of U.S. federal renewable fuel regulations on energy and agriculture commodity markets and welfare. We (more)

Mcphail, Lihong Lu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Economic evaluation and conceptual design of optimal agricultural systems for production of food and energy. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The major technical and economic considerations which determined the scope of the study and the structure of the linear programming (LP) models are discussed. Four models, each representing a typical crop, beef, dairy, or swine farm in conjunction with ethanol facilities are characterized by the same general behavioral and mathematical model structure. Specific activities, constraints, and data for each of the four models are presented. An overview of the model structure is provided in the context of the general scope and background assumptions, and of its LP implementation. Simulated initial conditions and outcomes are reported for typical Illinois farms. Policy implications are discussed as related to agriculture, energy, and inter-industry coordination. (MHR)

none,

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Comparison of Agricultural Runoff between Organic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of Agricultural Runoff between Organic Farming and Conventional Chemical Farming Nicole release #12;Organic Walnuts Filter strips Compost Organic pesticides Cover crops Monitoring of insects

149

Utilization of agricultural wastes for production of ethanol. Progress report, October 1979-May 1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The project proposes to develop methods to utilize agricultural wastes, especially cottonseed hulls and peanut shells to produce ethanol. Initial steps will involve development of methods to break down cellulose to a usable form of substrates for chemical or biological digestion. The process of ethanol production will consist of (a) preparatory step to separate fibrous (cellulose) and non-fibrous (non-cellulosic compounds). The non-cellulosic residues which may include grains, fats or other substrates for alcoholic fermentation. The fibrous residues will be first pre-treated to digest cellulose with acid, alkali, and sulfur dioxide gas or other solvents. (b) The altered cellulose will be digested by suitable micro-organisms and cellulose enzymes before alcoholic fermentation. The digester and fermentative unit will be specially designed to develop a prototype for pilot plant for a continuous process. The first phase of the project will be devoted toward screening of a suitable method for cellulose modification, separation of fibrous and non-fibrous residues, the micro-organism and enzyme preparations. Work is in progress on: the effects of various microorganisms on the degree of saccharification; the effects of higher concentrations of acids, alkali, and EDTA on efficiency of microbial degradation; and the effects of chemicals on enzymatic digestion.

Singh, B.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Food & Agriculture Policy Issues for the 1980s.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

policies; food prices, supplies and stability; farm structure issues; international trade; crop production protection policies; nutrition, food quality and assistance; and natural resources, energy and environmental issues. The rble of public policy... on farms and rural areas; their effect on the security of future pro duction, quality of stream flow, energy production and consumption, and water supplies. 9. How Agricultural and Food Policies are Developed. Changing policymaking forces; execu tive...

Anonymous

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Exploring global changes in nitrogen and phosphorus cycles in agriculture induced by livestock production over the 19002050 period  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...what you are planning to do with the...geographical distribution of the fate...upland crops, and energy crops. Areas...upland crops, and energy crops...upland crops, and energy...of the manure distribution and...cyanamide, and electric-arc calcium...

Lex Bouwman; Kees Klein Goldewijk; Klaas W. Van Der Hoek; Arthur H. W. Beusen; Detlef P. Van Vuuren; Jaap Willems; Mariana C. Rufino; Elke Stehfest

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Is there a need for site productivity functions for short-rotation woody crop plantings?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For over a decade, researchers have used small-scale research plots to assist development and selection of high yielding, pest-resistant clones of fast-growing hardwoods such as hybrid poplar (Populus spp.). Substantial advances have been made in the techniques and criteria for screening species and selecting clones. Data from these research plots indicate that the ultimate performance of selected clones is dependent upon variable factors in the environment. Until now, researchers could only determine the suitability of a given site for such clones, not the actual yield potential of the site. Recently in the north central US, several clones were planted on larger-than-research-scale plots on private land recontracted under the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). The historical database could not provide a framework which would allow producers to predict the yield potential of a particular clone on a specific site. Through a systematic combination of clonal trials on experimental research-scale plots and operational plantings on 50 to 100 acre agricultural-scale field plots, it may be possible to develop yield functions or site quality equations which would predict biomass yields at rotation for selected clones. Such estimates will (1) reduce the probability of planting failure, (2) allow maximum expression of the genetic potential of selected superior clones, and thus (3) facilitate accurate economic planning for both the producer and conversion facility manager.

Downing, M.; Tuskan, G.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Biofuels Feedstock Development Program

1995-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

153

Potential producers and their attitudes toward adoption of biomass crops in central Florida  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A recent study by the University of Florida, Center for Biomass Programs (1996) showed that biomass crops have potential as a new agricultural commodity in central Florida. Both herbaceous and woody biomass crops have high yields, and weather and soil conditions are favorable. In the Polk County area over 40,371 ha (100,000 A) of phosphate-mined land and about 161,486 ha (400,000 A) of pastureland may be available for biomass production at low opportunity cost. Phosphate land is owned by a few mining companies while pastureland is owned by or rented to cattlemen. Infrastructure for large-scale crop production, such as in the Midwest United States, does not presently exist in central Florida. Personal interviews were conducted with phosphate company managers and a mail survey was conducted with 940 landowners, with at least 16 ha (40 A) of agricultural land. Data were gathered related to decision making factors in growing biomass and other new crops. Results suggested that economic factors, particularly availability of an established market and an assured high return per acre were considered the most important factors. Lack of familiarity with new crops was an important barrier to their adoption. Potential net returns and production costs were considered the most important information needed to make decisions about growing biomass crops.

Rahmani, M.; Hodges, A.W. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States); Stricker, J.A. [Univ. of Florida, Bartow, FL (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

154

fficient crop production requires an adequate supply of all essential plant nutrients. However,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

+) or nitrate (NO3 -) forms. Three important methods for changing nitrogen gas (N2) to ammonium (NH4 +) are, and s Nitrogen fertilizer production factories. Another important method of N2 conversion is through lightning nitrogen gas (N2). Most of the nitrogen found in soil originated as N2 gas and nearly all the nitrogen

155

A study of the effects of natural fertility, weather and productive inputs in Chinese agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents an investigation of the relations in China between farm output, the natural fertility of agricultural land, and the use of anthropogenic farm inputs. The methodology is presented as a potential increment ...

Eckaus, Richard S.; Tso, Katherine Kit-Yan.

156

Farm Size in Relation to Market Outlets and Forward Contracts for Major Field Crops and Beef Cattle Texas Rollin Plains.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION / Neville P. Clarke, Director The Texas A&M University System 1 College Station, Texas Farm Size in Relation to Market Outlets and Fomd Contracts for Major Field Crops and Beef Cattle, B-1187 Texas.... One example of changing marketing channels is the use of contracts in marketing agricultural products, which has become more frequent in recent years. This study estimated the importance of the various types of first handler markets, including...

Moore, Donald S.; Martin, J. Rod

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Energy performances of intensive and extensive short rotation cropping systems for woody biomass production in the EU  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract One of the strategies to ensure energy security and to mitigate climate change in the European Union (EU) is the establishment and the use of short rotation woody crops (SRWCs) for the production of renewable energy. \\{SRWCs\\} are cultivated in the EU under different management systems. Addressing the energy security problems through \\{SRWCs\\} requires management systems that maximize the net energy yield per unit land area. We assembled and evaluated on-farm data from within the EU, (i) to understand the relationship between the SRWC yields and spatial distribution of precipitation, as well as the relationship between SRWC yield and the planting density, and (ii) to investigate whether extensively managed SRWC systems are more energy efficient than their intensively managed counterparts. We found that SRWC yield ranged from 1.3 to 24tha?1y?1 (mean 9.34.2tha?1y?1) across sites. We looked for, but did not find a relationship between yield and annual precipitation as well as between yield and planting density. The energy inputs of extensively managed SRWC systems ranged from 3 to 8GJha?1y?1 whereas the energy ratio (i.e. energy output to energy input ratio) varied from 9 to 29. Although energy inputs (316GJha?1y?1) were larger in most cases than those of extensively managed SRWC systems, intensively managed SRWC systems in the EU had higher energy ratios, i.e. between 15 and 62. The low energy ratio of extensively managed SRWC systems reflected their lower biomass yield per unit area. Switching from intensively managed SRWC systems to extensively managed ones thus creates an energy gap, and will require more arable land to be brought into production to compensate for the yield loss. Consequently, extensification is not the most appropriate path to the success of the wide scale deployment of SRWC for bioenergy production in the EU.

S. Njakou Djomo; A. Ac; T. Zenone; T. De Groote; S. Bergante; G. Facciotto; H. Sixto; P. Ciria Ciria; J. Weger; R. Ceulemans

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

USDA and DOE Fund 10 Research Projects to Accelerate Bioenergy Crop  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

USDA and DOE Fund 10 Research Projects to Accelerate Bioenergy Crop USDA and DOE Fund 10 Research Projects to Accelerate Bioenergy Crop Production and Spur Economic Impact USDA and DOE Fund 10 Research Projects to Accelerate Bioenergy Crop Production and Spur Economic Impact August 11, 2011 - 3:55pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -- The U.S. Departments of Energy and Agriculture have awarded 10 grants totaling $12.2 million to spur research into improving the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of growing biofuel and bioenergy crops. The investments are part of a broader effort by the Obama administration to develop domestic renewable energy and advanced biofuels, providing a more secure future for America's energy needs and creating new opportunities for the American farming industry. "Biofuels, along with other advanced vehicle technologies, hold the

159

USDA and DOE Fund 10 Research Projects to Accelerate Bioenergy Crop  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

USDA and DOE Fund 10 Research Projects to Accelerate Bioenergy Crop USDA and DOE Fund 10 Research Projects to Accelerate Bioenergy Crop Production and Spur Economic Impact USDA and DOE Fund 10 Research Projects to Accelerate Bioenergy Crop Production and Spur Economic Impact August 11, 2011 - 3:55pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -- The U.S. Departments of Energy and Agriculture have awarded 10 grants totaling $12.2 million to spur research into improving the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of growing biofuel and bioenergy crops. The investments are part of a broader effort by the Obama administration to develop domestic renewable energy and advanced biofuels, providing a more secure future for America's energy needs and creating new opportunities for the American farming industry. "Biofuels, along with other advanced vehicle technologies, hold the

160

Modular Extrapolation Approach for Crop LCA MEXALCA: Global Warming Potential of Different Crops and its Relationship to the Yield  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

MEXALCA (Modular EXtrapolation of Agricultural LCA) extrapolates crop inventory data and impacts from an original country inventory to all producing countries worldwide. This allows estimates of worldwide mean...

Thomas Nemecek; Karin Weiler

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

College of Agricultural Sciences Agricultural Research and Cooperative Extension Land Application of Sewage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College of Agricultural Sciences · Agricultural Research and Cooperative Extension Land Application of Sewage Sludge in Pennsylvania Effects of Biosolids on Soil and Crop Quality ENVIRONME NTAL· ISSUES land application of biosolids represents a beneficial reuse alternative to landfill disposal

Kaye, Jason P.

162

A Second Generation Biofuel from Cellulosic Agricultural By-product Fermentation Using Clostridium Species for Electricity Generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The production of second generation biofuel is essential for limiting food versus fuel competition. Butanol is one of the important biofuel for the future. Agricultural by-products namely bagasse and potato peel were hydrolyzed to produce readily fermented sugar for butanol fermentation. The butanol concentration was 1 2g/l. To test the electricity generation, a customized generator was used for butanol combustion. The electricity produced was up to 1300 watts. Further improvements are needed in the hydrolysis method, medium composition, and generator design. This research has demonstrated that bagasse and potato peel are potential feedstock for producing butanol for generating electricity

Yalun Arifin; Ellen Tanudjaja; Arbi Dimyati; Reinhard Pinontoan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Environmental assessment of energy production by combustion of biogas provided by the anaerobic digestion of agricultural biomass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper tries to compare the environmental impacts of energy production using agricultural biomass and energy production using traditional reactor systems (natural gas and fuel oil) by using the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology. In order to make this comparison, the impact assessment methods CML 2 BASELINE 2000 (problem oriented method) and ECOINDICATOR 99 (damage oriented method) are used. The heat produced by cogeneration is intended to feed a heating network connected to 16 dwellings. The results show that the use of biogas reduces the emissions taking part in the global warming potential and reduces the global environmental impact.

Sebastien Moras

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Returning to Our Roots: Making Plant Biology Research Relevant to Future Challenges in Agriculture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of the nations liquid energy needs, creating a potentially...land from growing these energy crops if the economic...agricultural land for energy production creates another...economics of the seed business, only maize generates...fundamentally important to the green revolution (Borlaug...

Steven J. Rothstein

2007-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

165

LCA of cropping systems with different external input levels for energetic purposes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biofuels could become increasingly important for agriculture; however there is growing concern regarding the possible environmental drawbacks due to the risks of increased inputs during crop cultivation. These risks need to be evaluated in order to assess the best management practices. In this study, a life cycle assessment (LCA) was carried out: (i) to evaluate the environmental impacts of three cropping systems characterized by different external input levels (low S1, medium S2 and high S3) applied to sunflower and maize, both in rotation with wheat, in a Mediterranean region; (ii) to estimate the environmental benefits of the optimization of cropping systems for energy management. Outputinput ratio, net energy balance, global warming potential (GWP), eutrophication potential (EP) and acidification potential (AP) were used as LCA impact categories. Data from cropping systems (external input and crop yields) were collected from a long-term experiment carried out in the coastal plain of Tuscany; data regarding fertilizers, machinery and pesticide production were taken from literature. The results obtained showed S1 with the highest outputinput ratios and the lowest impact for the selected impact categories. The other cropping systems S2 and S3 showed limited differences between them for all the impact categories evaluated. Fertilizer use and application, irrigation and machinery use caused most of the environmental impacts and energy consumption. The allocation procedure, showing residues as co-products, had a strong influence on the overall efficiency of agricultural systems.

Pietro Goglio; Enrico Bonari; Marco Mazzoncini

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

The use of computers to maximize efficiency of an agricultural production unit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Agricultural Chemistry would be an asset to me when seeking employment with a major chemical company. For this reason. I initiated a Master of Agriculture program under the direction of Dr. M. G. Merkle in January of 1984. I served my professional... three possibilities. One, place a work sheet on each tractor so that each time an employee performed a tillage practice he could record the date, type of tillage practice, field, and approximate time it took to complete the operation. Two, issue a...

Wilde, Lawrence B.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

167

EU agricultural reform fails on biodiversity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...growing a minimum of three different crops...cultivate at least two or three crops, respectively...table S4). Cultivating three crops on large, intensively...Development Regulation (Pillar 2), especially agri-environment-climate...improve agricultural sustainability. Yet the increased devolution...

G. Pe'er; L. V. Dicks; P. Visconti; R. Arlettaz; A. Bldi; T. G. Benton; S. Collins; M. Dieterich; R. D. Gregory; F. Hartig; K. Henle; P. R. Hobson; D. Kleijn; R. K. Neumann; T. Robijns; J. Schmidt; A. Shwartz; W. J. Sutherland; A. Turb; F. Wulf; A. V. Scott

2014-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

168

Ecological intensification of cereal production systems: Yield potential, soil quality, and precision agriculture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...permission from Elsevier Science. Given the tremendous...mechanisms, and farmer education to allow diagnosis of...meet the challenge. 1 Poster S L ( 1998 ) BioScience...Council for Agricultural Science and Technology , Ames...G Swift M J ( 1997 ) Science 277 : 504 509 . 4 Vitousek...

Kenneth G. Cassman

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Integrating technology foresight methods with environmental life cycle assessment to promote sustainable agriculture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The research addressed priority-setting in research and development of environmentally-friendly technologies. A two-step compilation of the opinions of a large number of experts, based on technology foresight methods, is used to define directions for technological advancement and assess the probability of success in each area. The life cycle assessment method is used to quantify the impacts of the expected changes in agricultural production technologies across a wide range of environmental impact categories. Based on case studies of tomato, potato and citrus crop production in Israel, we conclude that technological improvements addressing the use of fertilisers and packing materials show the greatest potential to reduce the environmental impacts. We also conclude that agricultural research on field-grown crops should focus on increasing the yield per hectare, and research on greenhouse grown crops should focus on reducing the impact of the materials used in covering the greenhouse.

Nava Haruvy; Sarit Shalhevet

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Pesticides in Dust from Homes in an Agricultural Area  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Shortly after each clinic interview, staff visited their homes and recorded the following: a geographic positioning system (GPS) reading, distance to any agricultural field, number of household residents and rooms, whether residents were farmworkers or worked in agriculture, where work shoes and clothes were kept, and an inventory of pesticide products located in the home, garage, or yard. ... Yet, among dust levels in our study homes, where very few participants stored OPs in the home, chlorpyrifos concentrations were 2?3 fold higher than diazinon concentrations (Table 2). ... Of 112 homes, 58% of residences had crops within 500 m of their home, an intermediate distance for primary drift from aerial and ground applications. ...

Martha E. Harnly; Asa Bradman; Marcia Nishioka; Thomas E. McKone; Daniel Smith; Robert McLaughlin; Geri Kavanagh-Baird; Rosemary Castorina; Brenda Eskenazi

2009-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

171

Peace Corps | Agriculture Agriculture Volunteers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Peace Corps | Agriculture Agriculture Volunteers Agriculture is the primary economic activity Volunteers contribute sustain- able solutions to a community's agricultural issues and help preserve natural resources. Programs and Sample Projects Agriculture and Forestry Extension · Collaborate with farmers

Kaminsky, Werner

172

Agronomy and Crop Sciences Organizations Hiring Students in Agronomy and Crop Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Services Inc. Commodity Solutions Inc. Crop King Crop Production Services Crop Quest, Inc. Crop Tech Nebraska Farm Business Inc. Nemaha County Coop North Central Co-op Overland Missions Pontiac Flying LLC The University of Georgia University of Arkansas University of California, Berkeley University of Illinois

173

Genomics and molecular breeding in lesser explored pulse crops: Current trends and future opportunities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Pulses are multipurpose crops for providing income, employment and food security in the underprivileged regions, notably the FAO-defined low-income food-deficit countries. Owing to their intrinsic ability to endure environmental adversities and the least input/management requirements, these crops remain central to subsistence farming. Given their pivotal role in rain-fed agriculture, substantial research has been invested to boost the productivity of these pulse crops. To this end, genomic tools and technologies have appeared as the compelling supplement to the conventional breeding. However, the progress in minor pulse crops including dry beans (Vigna spp.), lupins, lablab, lathyrus and vetches has remained unsatisfactory, hence these crops are often labeled as low profile or lesser researched. Nevertheless, recent scientific and technological breakthroughs particularly the next generation sequencing (NGS) are radically transforming the scenario of genomics and molecular breeding in these minor crops. NGS techniques have allowed de novo assembly of whole genomes in these orphan crops. Moreover, the availability of a reference genome sequence would promote re-sequencing of diverse genotypes to unlock allelic diversity at a genome-wide scale. In parallel, NGS has offered high-resolution genetic maps or more precisely, a robust genetic framework to implement whole-genome strategies for crop improvement. As has already been demonstrated in lupin, sequencing-based genotyping of the representative sample provided access to a number of functionally-relevant markers that could be deployed straight away in crop breeding programs. This article attempts to outline the recent progress made in genomics of these lesser explored pulse crops, and examines the prospects of genomics assisted integrated breeding to enhance and stabilize crop yields.

Abhishek Bohra; Uday Chand Jha; P.B. Kavi Kishor; Shailesh Pandey; Narendra P. Singh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Impact of agricultural-based biofuel production on greenhouse gas emissions from land-use change: Key modelling choices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Recent regulations on biofuels require reporting of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions related to feedstock-specific biofuels. However, the inclusion of GHG emissions from land-use change (LUC) into law and policy remains a subject of active discussion, with LUCGHG emissions an issue of intense research. This article identifies key modelling choices for assessing the impact of biofuel production on LUCGHG emissions. The identification of these modelling choices derives from evaluation and critical comparison of models from commonly accepted biofuelsLUCGHG modelling approaches. The selection and comparison of models were intended to cover factors related to production of agricultural-based biofuel, provision of land for feedstock, and GHG emissions from land-use conversion. However, some fundamental modelling issues are common to all stages of assessment and require resolution, including choice of scale and spatial coverage, approach to accounting for time, and level of aggregation. It is argued here that significant improvements have been made to address LUCGHG emissions from biofuels. Several models have been created, adapted, coupled, and integrated, but room for improvement remains in representing LUCGHG emissions from specific biofuel production pathways, as follows: more detailed and integrated modelling of biofuel supply chains; more complete modelling of policy frameworks, accounting for forest dynamics and other drivers of LUC; more heterogeneous modelling of spatial patterns of LUC and associated GHG emissions; and clearer procedures for accounting for the time-dependency of variables. It is concluded that coupling the results of different models is a convenient strategy for addressing effects with different time and space scales. In contrast, model integration requires unified scales and time approaches to provide generalised representations of the system. Guidelines for estimating and reporting LUCGHG emissions are required to help modellers to define the most suitable approaches and policy makers to better understand the complex impacts of agricultural-based biofuel production.

Luis Panichelli; Edgard Gnansounou

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Effect of chronic inhalation of inorganic arsenic on the risk of stillbirth in a community surrounding an agriculture chemical production facility: a hospital-based study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. However, the extent and severity of the effects of chronic inhalation of low levels of arsenic on health and reproduction are not known. Bryan, Texas was the site of an agricultural chemical production facility for over 60 years. 'Me primary products...

Ihrig, Melanie M

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

176

Integrated Assessment of Hadley Centre (HadCM2) Climate-Change Impacts on Agricultural Productivity and Irrigation Water Supply in the Conterminous United States. Part II. Regional Agricultural Production in 2030 and 2095.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study used scenarios of the HadCM2 GCM and the EPIC agroecosystem model to evaluate climate change impacts on crop yields and ecosystem processes. Baseline climate data were obtained from records for 1961-1990. The scenario runs for 2025-2034 and 2090-2099 were extracted from a HadCM2 run. EPIC was run on 204 representative farms under current climate and two 10-y periods centered on 2030 and 2095, each at CO2 concentrations of 365 and 560 ppm. Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Arizona, and California are projected to experience significant temperature increases by 2030. Slight cooling is expected by 2030 in Alabama, Florida, Maine, Montana, Idaho, and Utah. Larger areas are projected to experience increased warming by 2095. Uniform precipitation increases are expected by 2030 in the NE. These increases are predicted to expand to the eastern half of the country by 2095. EPIC simulated yield increases for the Great Lakes, Corn Belt and Northeast regions. Simulated yields of irrigated corn yields were predicted to increase in almost all regions. Soybean yields could decrease in the Northern and Southern Plains, the Corn Belt, Delta, Appalachian, and Southeast regions and increase in the Lakes and Northeast regions. Simulated wheat yields exhibited upward yield trends under scenarios of climate change. National corn production in 2030 and 2095 could be affected by changes in three major producing regions. In 2030, corn production could increase in the Corn Belt and Lakes regions but decrease in the Northern Plains leading to an overall decrease in national production. National wheat production is expected to increase during both future periods. A proxy indicator was developed to provide a sense of where in the country, and when water would be available to satisfy change in irrigation demand for corn and alfalfa production as these are influenced by the HadCM2 scenarios and CO2-fertilization.

Izaurralde, R Cesar C.; Rosenberg, Norman J.; Brown, Robert A.; Thomson, Allison M.

2003-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

177

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternative agricultural products Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Wallace Tyner, Purdue... University 2007 Farm Bill: Implications for US & Global BioEnergy Production ... Source: Dyer, Bill - Department of Plant Sciences and Plant...

178

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR Sustainable Vegetable Production and Nutrition Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

management that builds collaboratively on MSU's strengths in vegetable production and sustainable croppingASSISTANT PROFESSOR Sustainable Vegetable Production and Nutrition Systems The Department of Horticulture (http://www.hrt.msu.edu) in the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources at Michigan State

Isaacs, Rufus

179

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting lilium crops Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

production Summary: affect the quality of energy crops, and so do not need to be treated. Recycling wastewater and other... ways to increase biomass production from energy crops...

180

Dynamics of light interception, leaf area and biomass production in Populus clones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamics of light interception, leaf area and biomass production in Populus clones-Forest Service, Rhinelander, WI 54501,U.S.A. Introduction Biomass production in agricultural crops is directly that a linear relation- ship between solar radiation capture and biomass production also exists for forest

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Decisions to reduce greenhouse gases from agriculture and product transport: LCA case study of organic and conventional wheat  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A streamlined hybrid life cycle assessment is conducted to compare the global warming potential (GWP) and primary energy use of conventional and organic wheat production and delivery in the US. Impact differences from agricultural inputs, grain farming, and transport processes are estimated. The GWP of a 1kg loaf of organic wheat bread is about 30g CO2-eq less than the conventional loaf. When organic wheat is shipped 420km farther to market, organic and conventional wheat systems have similar impacts. These results can change dramatically depending on soil carbon accumulation and nitrous oxide emissions from the two systems. Key parameters and their variability are discussed to provide producers, wholesale and retail consumers, and policymakers metrics to align their decisions with low-carbon objectives.

Kyle Meisterling; Constantine Samaras; Vanessa Schweizer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Introduction Agriculture/Agricultural Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

38 Introduction Guide Entrance Life Career Inquiries Agriculture/Agricultural Science Mission and goal of the Graduate School of Agricultural Science The mission of agricultural science organization which aims to realize this agricultural ideal, the Graduate School of Agricultural Science's basic

Banbara, Mutsunori

183

Agricultural niche market risk-takers: analysis of production practices and information sources of Texas meat goat producers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

among niche market producers. This information was used to make recommendations to agricultural educators for use in training and educating unique groups of agricultural producers. The sampling frame consisted of Texas producers who use the Farm...

Coleman, Kelly Lee Ann

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Agriculture and the Environment X, Delivering Multiple Benefits from our Land: Sustainable Development in Practice (2014) SEAWEED AND THE REWORKING OF OLD AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wilson1 and BA Harvie1,2 1 Scotland's Rural College (SRUC), King's Buildings, West Mains Road, EdinburghAgriculture and the Environment X, Delivering Multiple Benefits from our Land: Sustainable IMPROVED SUSTAINABILITY AND ECOSYSTEM SERVICES OGG Knox1 , T-J Marsden2 , S Warnick2 , MN Scherbatskoy3 , D

185

Lignocellulosic agriculture wastes as biomass feedstocks for second-generation bioethanol production: concepts and recent developments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Production of liquid biofuels, such as bioethanol, has been advocated as a sustainable option to tackle the problems associated with rising crude oil prices, global warming and diminishing petroleum reserves. ...

Jitendra Kumar Saini; Reetu Saini; Lakshmi Tewari

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Models to support cropping plan and crop rotation decisions. A review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Farmers must yearly allocate fields to different crops and choose crop management options. Far from being obvious, these decisions are critical because they modify farm productivity and profitability in the short...

Jrme Dury; Nomie Schaller; Frdrick Garcia

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Production of Hydrogen from Peanut Shells The goal of this project is the production of renewable hydrogen from agricultural  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

developed the technology for bio- oil to hydrogen via catalytic steam reforming and shift conversion-Tech, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory has demonstrated the production of hydrogen from biomass at a flow ratio of 1.5:1 was used as a carrier gas and also as a reactant in the reformer. The test

188

Conditions for oak selection in Poland Academy of Agriculture, Faculty of Forestry, Department of Seed Production,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Department of Seed Production, Nursery and Forest Trees Selection, Kraków, al 29 Listopoada 46, Poland a maximum of 600-700 m above sea level, and Q pe- traea 700-800 m in the Carpathian foot- hills. Sessile oak: Krotoszynska province of the Great Poland-Pomeranian region (where it makes up 40% of the forest area

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

189

CropEnergies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Name: CropEnergies Place: Mannheim, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany Zip: 68165 Sector: Biofuels Product: A German biofuels company focused on bioethanol...

190

Quantifying the parameters of successful agricultural producers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The primary purpose of the study was to quantify the parameters of successful agricultural producers. Through the use of the Financial and Risk Management (FARM) Assistance database, this study evaluated economic measures for row-crop producers...

Kaase, Gregory Herman

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

191

An aggregate production function for U. S. agriculture: an alternative to the Tyner-Tweeten approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be obtained directly from time series data using ridge regression to combat inherent multicollinearity problems? (2) If a function can be directly fit, how valid is the Tyner and Tweeten (1965, 1966) hypothesis that production elasti- cities change over... time? The Tyner and Tweeten decade elasticity estimates were determined independently using distributed-lag factor- share ad)ustment models, whereas ridge regression was used in this study to directly and simultaneously estimate these elasticities...

Cornforth, Gerald Charles

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Saskatchewan Agricultural  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Saskatchewan Agricultural Hall of Fame College of Agriculture and Bioresources Inductees 2014 Edition #12;"SALUTE TO SASKATCHEWAN FARM LEADERS" Photos courtesy of the Saskatchewan Agriculture Hall Williams 1941- Lorne Alan Babiuk 1946- #12;"SALUTE TO SASKATCHEWAN FARM LEADERS" Photos courtesy

Peak, Derek

193

The contribution of future agricultural trends in the US Midwest to global climate change mitigation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Land use change is a complex response to changing environmental and socioeconomic systems. Historical drivers of land use change include changes in the natural resource availability of a region, changes in economic conditions for production of certain products and changing policies. Most recently, introduction of policy incentives for biofuel production have influenced land use change in the US Midwest, leading to concerns that bioenergy production systems may compete with food production and land conservation. Here we explore how land use may be impacted by future climate mitigation measures by nesting a high resolution agricultural model (EPIC Environmental Policy Indicator Climate) for the US Midwest within a global integrated assessment model (GCAM Global Change Assessment Model). This approach is designed to provide greater spatial resolution and detailed agricultural practice information by focusing on the climate mitigation potential of agriculture and land use in a specific region, while retaining the global economic context necessary to understand the far ranging effects of climate mitigation targets. We find that until the simulated carbon prices are very high, the US Midwest has a comparative advantage in producing traditional food and feed crops over bioenergy crops. Overall, the model responds to multiple pressures by adopting a mix of future responses. We also find that the GCAM model is capable of simulations at multiple spatial scales and agricultural technology resolution, which provides the capability to examine regional response to global policy and economic conditions in the context of climate mitigation.

Thomson, Allison M.; Kyle, G. Page; Zhang, Xuesong; Bandaru, Varaprasad; West, Tristram O.; Wise, Marshall A.; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Calvin, Katherine V.

2014-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

194

Review of solar assisted heat pump drying systems for agricultural and marine products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Combining solar energy and heat pump technology is a very attractive concept. It is able to eliminate some difficulties and disadvantages of using solar dryer systems or solely using heat pump drying separately. Solar assisted heat pump drying systems have been studied and applied since the last decades in order to increase the quality of products where low temperature and well-controlled drying conditions are needed. This paper reviewed studies on the advances in solar heat pump drying systems. Results and observation from the studies of solar assisted heat pump dryer systems indicated that for heat sensitive materials; improved quality control, reduced energy consumption, high coefficient of performance and high thermal efficiency of the dryer were achieved. The way forward and future directions in R&D in this field are further research regarding theoretical and experimental analysis as well as for the replacement of conventional solar dryer or heat pump dryer with solar assisted heat pump drying systems and solar assisted chemical and ground source heat pump dryers which should present energy efficient applications of the technologies.

Ronak Daghigh; Mohd Hafidz Ruslan; Mohamad Yusof Sulaiman; Kamaruzzaman Sopian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Indian Agriculture and Foods  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Agriculture and Foods Agriculture and Foods Nature Bulletin No. 387-A September 19, 1970 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation INDIAN AGRICULTURE AND FOODS Most of the Indian tribes east of the Great Plains were part-time farmers. Some of them cultivated sunflowers, giant ragweed, canary grass and pigweed for their seeds, which they used as food. Many grew tobacco. But corn, beans and squash -- wherever the climate permitted - - were the principal crops. There were several varieties of beans. They ate both the seeds and rinds of some dozens of kinds of squash and pumpkin. When game was not abundant there was a wealth of wild fruits, berries, and many kinds of wild plants with edible leaves, seeds, or roots. Corn, however, was the ' staff of life" and they depended on corn, beans and squash -- "the three sisters" -- for year-round food.

196

Japanese Sugar Cane as a Forage Crop.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STAT10 N BULLETIN NO. 195 AUGUST, 1916 DIVISION OF AGRONOMY JAPANESE SUGAR CANE AS A FORAGE CROP BY A. H. LEIDIGH, B. S., Agronomist, IN CONSULTATION WITH G. T. McNESS, Superintendent, Substation No. 11, Nacogdoches, and H. H.... LAUDE, B. S., Superintendenr, Substation No. 4, Beaumont I POSTOFFICE: COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS AUSTIN, TEXAS VON BOECKMANN-JONES CO., PRINTERS 1916 AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS W. B. BIZZELL, A. hq.. D. C. L...

Leidigh, A. H. (Arthur Henry); McNess, George Thomas; Laude, H. H. (Hilmer Henry)

1916-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Development of Genomic and Genetic Tools for Foxtail Millet, and Use of These Tools in the Improvement of Biomass Production for Bioenergy Crops  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall aim of this research was to develop genomic and genetic tools in foxtail millet that will be useful in improving biomass production in bioenergy crops such as switchgrass, napier grass, and pearl millet. A variety of approaches have been implemented, and our lab has been primarily involved in genome analysis and quantitative genetic analysis. Our progress in these activities has been substantially helped by the genomic sequence of foxtail millet produced by the Joint Genome Institute (Bennetzen et al., in prep). In particular, the annotation and analysis of candidate genes for architecture, biomass production and flowering has led to new insights into the control of branching and flowering time, and has shown how closely related flowering time is to vegetative architectural development and biomass accumulation. The differences in genetic control identified at high and low density plantings have direct relevance to the breeding of bioenergy grasses that are tolerant of high planting densities. The developmental analyses have shown how plant architecture changes over time and may indicate which genes may best be manipulated at various times during development to obtain required biomass characteristics. This data contributes to the overall aim of significantly improving genetic and genomic tools in foxtail millet that can be directed to improvement of bioenergy grasses such as switchgrass, where it is important to maximize vegetative growth for greatest biomass production.

Doust, Andrew, N.

2011-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

198

Current biofuel feedstock crops such as corn lead to large environmental losses of N through nitrate leaching and N2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

219 Current biofuel feedstock crops such as corn lead to large environmental losses of N through biofuel crops established on a rich Mollisol soil. Reduced Nitrogen Losses after Conversion of Row Crop Agriculture to Perennial Biofuel Crops Candice M. Smith, Mark B. david,* Corey A. Mitchell, Michael d. Masters

DeLucia, Evan H.

199

Computers in Production Agriculture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...illuminate, darken, heat, cool, dry, humidify...minutes, computes heat unit and solar radiation accumula-tions...control-ling the pump, methane-powered...ground speed, pump pressure, carrier...things, com-puter-assisted courses in various...

Donald A. Holt

1985-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

200

The Economic Impact of Drought and Mitigation in Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Economic Impact of Drought and Mitigation in Agriculture Texas Drought and Beyond CIESS Austin · In Agriculture, it Began in 2010 ­ Wheat and other winter grazing crops are planted in the Fall ­ Lost value ­ Infrastructure losses #12;Agricultural Costs of Drought · Estimated $7.62 Billion ­ Corn, cotton, wheat, hay $4

Yang, Zong-Liang

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Genetic contributions to agricultural sustainability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...through stages in its life cycle, facilitating the morphogenesis...crop species and, in general, they are usually accommodated...plant products and bio-diesel from plant oils, it...points emphasized have general applicability to cropping...through stages in its life cycle, facilitating the morphogenesis...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Agricultural Environmental  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agricultural Policy / Environmental eXtender Model Theoretical Documentation Version 0806 December 2012 #12;2 Agricultural Policy/Environmental eXtender Model Theoretical Documentation Version 0806 J............................................................................................................................. 11 Air Temperature and Solar Radiation

203

Agricultural Environmental  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agricultural Policy / Environmental eXtender Model Theoretical Documentation Version 0604 BREC Report # 2008-17 June 2008 #12;2 Agricultural Policy/Environmental eXtender Model Theoretical............................................................................................................................. 11 Air Temperature and Solar Radiation

204

D1 Fuel Crops Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

D1 Fuel Crops Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: D1 Fuel Crops Ltd Place: London, United Kingdom Zip: SE1 2RE Product: London-based JV between BP and D1 oils focusing on the...

205

PATHWAY: a simulation model of radionuclide-transport through agricultural food chains  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

PATHWAY simulates the transport of radionuclides from fallout through an agricultural ecosystem. The agro-ecosystem is subdivided into several land management units, each of which is used either for grazing animals, for growing hay, or for growing food crops. The model simulates the transport of radionuclides by both discrete events and continuous, time-dependent processes. The discrete events include tillage of soil, harvest and storage of crops,and deposition of fallout. The continuous processes include the transport of radionuclides due to resuspension, weathering, rain splash, percolation, leaching, adsorption and desorption of radionuclides in the soil, root uptake, foliar absorption, growth and senescence of vegetation, and the ingestion assimilation, and excretion of radionuclides by animals. Preliminary validation studies indicate that the model dynamics and simulated values of radionuclide concentrations in several agricultural products agree well with measured values when the model is driven with site specific data on deposition from world-wide fallout.

Kirchner, T.B.; Whicker, F.W.; Otis, M.D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

E-Print Network 3.0 - agricultural residues Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Use in the United States Summary: , livestock commodities, agricultural residues, and bioenergy crops. Drawing on ORNL and APAC county... , developed and maintained at the...

207

Energy-conserving perennial agriculture for marginal land in southern Appalachia. Final technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

USDA economists predict the end of surplus farm production in the US within this decade. More and more marginal land will be cropped to provide feed for the growing world population and to produce energy. Much of this potential cropland in Southern Appalachia is poorly suited to annual crops, such as corn. Perennial crops are much better suited to steep, rocky, and wet sites. Research was undertaken on the theoretical potentials of perennial species with high predicted yields of protein, carbohydrates, or oils. Several candidate staple perennial crops for marginal land in Southern Appalachia were identified, and estimates were made of their yields, energy input requirements, and general suitabilities. Cropping systems incorporating honeylocust, persimmon, mulberry, jujube, and beech were compared with corn cropping systems. It appears that these candidate staple perennials show distinct advantages for energy conservation and environmental preservation. Detailed economic analyses must await actual demonstration trials, but preliminary indications for ethanol conversion systems with honeylocust are encouraging. It is suggested that short-term loans to farmers undertaking this new type of agriculture would be appropriate to solve cash-flow problems.

Williams, G.

1982-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

208

2014-2015Series College of Agriculture,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2014-2015Series College of Agriculture, Food and Environment University of Kentucky is accredited of University of Kentucky. Agricultural Economics The Agricultural Economics program enables graduates to pursue and production. Opportunities are also available in public policy for agriculture and rural America

MacAdam, Keith

209

AGRICULTURE, 2001 Current Wisconsin Farm Financial Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2001 Current Wisconsin Farm Financial Conditions Situation and Outlook for Farm Products and Inputs Special Articles · Outlook for the National Economy and Agricultural Policies · Smart Growth and Wisconsin Agriculture · The Wisconsin Agricultural Economy: A Broader

Radeloff, Volker C.

210

This is SLU Alnarp SLU Alnarp is situated in Sweden's most dynamic agricultural, horticultural and food production region,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's growing population with food, clean water, fibres, materials and energy using sus- tainable methods. Re- search fields include the history of horticulture, administration of outdoor urban environments with trade and industry and collaborations in agriculture and horticulture. TILLV?XT TR?DG?RD

211

futuresfuturesMICHIGAN AGRICULTURAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

studying how to convert cellulose into ethanol for 30 years. His AFEX process seeks to make the conversion, fuels, plastics and the basic components of chemical processes. Ethanol and biodiesel are two that have the quality and yield for biodiesel or ethanol production? And can the biofuel crops help clean up

212

College of Agriculture & Life Sciences Agricultural Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College of Agriculture & Life Sciences Agricultural Technology Applied Agricultural Management Option Checksheet for Students Graduating in Calendar Year 2013 Associate of Agriculture Degree Required Agricultural Technology Core Courses (31 credits) 3 AT 0104 Computer Applications 3 AT 0114 Applied

Virginia Tech

213

Future Agriculture / Framtidens lantbruk Welcome to a lunch seminar June 11, 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Future Agriculture / Framtidens lantbruk Welcome to a lunch seminar June 11, 2013 "Zero Agriculture ­ livestock, crops and land use, is a research program- me developed at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU). In Future Agriculture researchers work together with industry, interest groups

214

Efficiency assessment of using satellite data for crop area estimation in Ukraine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The knowledge of the crop area is a key element for the estimation of the total crop production of a country and, therefore, the management of agricultural commodities markets. Satellite data and derived products can be effectively used for stratification purposes and a-posteriori correction of area estimates from ground observations. This paper presents the main results and conclusions of the study conducted in 2010 to explore feasibility and efficiency of crop area estimation in Ukraine assisted by optical satellite remote sensing images. The study was carried out on three oblasts in Ukraine with a total area of 78,500km2. The efficiency of using images acquired by several satellite sensors (MODIS, Landsat-5/TM, AWiFS, LISS-III, and RapidEye) combined with a field survey on a stratified sample of square segments for crop area estimation in Ukraine is assessed. The main criteria used for efficiency analysis are as follows: (i) relative efficiency that shows how much time the error of area estimates can be reduced with satellite images, and (ii) cost-efficiency that shows how much time the costs of ground surveys for crop area estimation can be reduced with satellite images. These criteria are applied to each satellite image type separately, i.e., no integration of images acquired by different sensors is made, to select the optimal dataset. The study found that only MODIS and Landsat-5/TM reached cost-efficiency thresholds while AWiFS, LISS-III, and RapidEye images, due to its high price, were not cost-efficient for crop area estimation in Ukraine at oblast level.

Francisco Javier Gallego; Nataliia Kussul; Sergii Skakun; Oleksii Kravchenko; Andrii Shelestov; Olga Kussul

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

The Effect of Changing Input and Product Prices on the Demand for Irrigation Water in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agriculture is a major income-producing sector in the Texas economy and a large part of this economic activity originates in irrigated crop production. For example, in 1973, 50% of all grain sorghum and 46% of all cotton in Texas were produced...

Lacewell, R. D.; Condra, G. D.

216

Agricultural Waste Solutions Inc AWS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inc (AWS) Place: Westlake Village, California Zip: CA 91361 Product: Agricultural Waste Solutions designs small scale gasification systems. References: Agricultural Waste...

217

Genetically Engineering Plants for Crop Improvement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...manipulating cellular metabolism, and this new research...engineered plants in the seed production and agrichemical...larger quantities of starch or specialized starches with various degrees...particular fatty acids in seed crops, and (iii...

CHARLES S. GASSER; ROBERT T. FRALEY

1989-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

218

Modelling the UK perennial energy crop market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biomass produced from perennial energy crops, Miscanthus and willow or poplar grown as short-rotation coppice, is expected to contribute to UK renewable energy targets and reduce the carbon intensity of energy production. ...

Alexander, Peter Mark William

2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

219

REVIEW ARTICLE Polyethylene and biodegradable mulches for agricultural  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REVIEW ARTICLE Polyethylene and biodegradable mulches for agricultural applications: a review on crop yield and pest management, (2) limitations of polyethylene mulches and potential alterna- tives benefits, removal and disposal of conventional polyethylene mulches remains a major agro- nomic, economic

Boyer, Edmond

220

Biodiversity conservation in agriculture requires a multi-scale approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Department of Crop Sciences, University of Gottingen...University of Agricultural Sciences, , PO Box 7044...Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California...landscape-level approaches that incorporate natural...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Agriculture INTRODUCTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

volatility following trade liberalization. This had an adverse effect on agricultural economies of regions impact on small and mar- ginal farmers. · Increased non-agricultural demand for land and water as a result of the higher overall GDP growth and urbanization. · Aggravation in social distress

Sohoni, Milind

222

Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Agriculture Partner: Farm Service Agency Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Biomass, - Biomass Combustion, - Biomass Gasification, - Biomass Pyrolysis, - Biofuels Phase: Develop Finance and Implement Projects Resource Type: Guide/manual User Interface: Website Website: www.fsa.usda.gov/FSA/webapp?area=home&subject=ener&topic=bcap Cost: Free The Biomass Crop Assistance provides financial assistance to offset, for a period of time, the fuel costs for a biomass facility. Overview The Biomass Crop Assistance provides financial assistance to offset, for a period of time, the fuel costs for a biomass facility. The Biomass Crop

223

A Synthesis of Agricultural Policies in Bangladesh | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Synthesis of Agricultural Policies in Bangladesh Synthesis of Agricultural Policies in Bangladesh Jump to: navigation, search Name A Synthesis of Agricultural Policies in Bangladesh Agency/Company /Organization Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Government of Bangladesh Sector Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.un-bd.org/pub/unpub Country Bangladesh UN Region South-Eastern Asia References A Synthesis of Agricultural Policies in Bangladesh[1] Overview "There is a plethora of policy/ strategy documents relevant to broad agriculture and rural development in Bangladesh. These can be classified in three sub-categories- crops, noncrops and cross cutting policies (Table 1). As one would expect, about a half of the policy documents deal with crop

224

Wind Turbines Benefit Crops  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ames Laboratory associate scientist Gene Takle talks about research into the effect of wind turbines on nearby crops. Preliminary results show the turbines may have a positive effect by cooling and drying the crops and assisting with carbon dioxide uptake.

Takle, Gene

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Irrigation of Forage Crops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. ?Consumptive use of water by major crops in Texas.? Texas Board of Water Engineers. Irrigation of Forage Crops Juan Enciso, Dana Porter, Guy Fipps and Paul Colaizzi* 2 waterrequirementshelpdeterminehowmany acrescanbeirrigatedwithaparticularcanal orwellcapacity...

Enciso, Juan; Porter, Dana; Fipps, Guy; Colaizzi, Paul

2004-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

226

Innovation Dynamics and Agricultural Biotechnology in Kenya.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??abstract__Abstract__ Modern agricultural biotechnology is being flaunted in global policy de-bates as a powerful technology for improving agricultural productivity and food security in Africa. These (more)

H.S. Odame (Hannington)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

The politics of food production: a comparative study of the agricultural development policies of five African nations.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

advisors, this meant the use of heavy equipment and large-scale farming~ when in fact the predominant farm type was closer to what the Western world would classify as a garden. plots were small, usually less than ten acres, and farmed by many persons... acre must be laid today. Traditional African agriculture took the form of shifting cultiva- tion~ which required large areas of land and no fertilizer Land was farmed for a few years, until yields declined, and was then abandoned; it reverted...

Wallis, Leslie Jean

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Sustainable agriculture: possible trajectories from mutualistic symbiosis and plant neodomestication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainable agriculture: possible trajectories from mutualistic symbiosis and plant. Based on recent findings, new trajectories for agriculture and plant breeding which take into account symbiosis in an innovative ecologically intensive agriculture. A sustainable food production ? Feeding

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

229

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: Water Implications of Biofuels Production  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Water Implications of Biofuels Production Water Implications of Biofuels Production Project Summary Full Title: Water Implications of Biofuels Production in the United States Project ID: 227 Principal Investigator: William S. Logan Brief Description: The National Research Council conducted a workshop and wrote a report examining the potential effects of biofuels production in the U.S. on water and related land resources. Purpose Examine the possible effects of biofuel development on water and related land resources. The central questions are how water use and water quality are expected to change as the U.S. agricultural portfolio shifts to include more energy crops and as overall agricultural production potentially increases. Such questions are considered within the context of U.S. policy and also the expected advances in technology and agricultural practices

230

Organic agriculture cannot replace conventional agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Organic agriculture cannot replace conventional agriculture Sina Adl , David Iron and Theodore Agriculture | Pathogen Dispersal Introduction Organic farming [1, 2] is gaining in popularity in Eu- rope, because or- ganic agriculture avoids using environmentally harmful chem- icals that pollute soil

Kolokolnikov, Theodore

231

Research and adoption of biotechnology strategies could improve California fruit and nut crops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Production for Selected Fruit and Tree Nuts, by State,production of top 10 woody fruit and nut crops, 2010. Cropsfor top 10 California woody fruit and nut crops, 2010 Grape*

Haroldsen, Victor M; Paulino, Gabriel; Chi-ham, Cecilia; Bennett, Alan B

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

AGRICULTURAL REPORT OCTOBER 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as Indiana agriculture enters the energy business in a big way. The advent of four new Indiana ethanol plants when crude moves above the $50 level. Clearly the energy value (BTUs) in ethanol is much more valuable. Ethanol means theres a monstrous increase in the need for corn production in 2007, and beyond. Acres have

233

Exploring global changes in nitrogen and phosphorus cycles in agriculture induced by livestock production over the 19002050 period  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...for increasing per-capita overall consumption...However, the demand for animal...production in more energy- and nutrient-efficient...NAS SAS OCE GDP a. b. Fig...in Fig. 1. Caput = head. Bouwman...NAS SAS OCE Per capita cereal production...

Lex Bouwman; Kees Klein Goldewijk; Klaas W. Van Der Hoek; Arthur H. W. Beusen; Detlef P. Van Vuuren; Jaap Willems; Mariana C. Rufino; Elke Stehfest

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Safe use of wastewater in agriculture and aquaculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safe use of wastewater in agriculture and aquaculture Agriculture and aquaculture in Vietnam often use wastewater, particularly in urban or peri-urban areas. Wastewater provides both moisture and nutrients for crops and fish, and its use generates employment for poor communities. But using wastewater

Richner, Heinz

235

Navjot's nightmare revisited: logging, agriculture, and biodiversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

forests. Conversely, conversion of primary or logged forests to plantation crops, such as oil palm, causes the biodiversity of this region. Our analysis also suggests that, because South- east Asian forests are tightly and replaced with a nonforest landcover (e.g., agriculture including oil palm and rubber, timber plantations

Vermont, University of

236

Exploring global changes in nitrogen and phosphorus cycles in agriculture induced by livestock production over the 19002050 period  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...production in more energy- and nutrient-efficient...human excreta and household waste (23), but...China, Korea, and Japan), enabling the maintenance...Strategies, Hayama, Japan on behalf of the IPCC, Hayama, Japan). 34. Bouwman AF...

Lex Bouwman; Kees Klein Goldewijk; Klaas W. Van Der Hoek; Arthur H. W. Beusen; Detlef P. Van Vuuren; Jaap Willems; Mariana C. Rufino; Elke Stehfest

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Biomass yield and nitrogen content of annual energy/forage crops preceded by cover crops  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In order to reduce input costs and improve sustainability of energy/forage crops in the northern Great Plains (NGP), preceding cover crops can be included into existing annual crop systems. The objective of the study was to determine biomass yield and quality of five annual energy/forage crops, grown after six different, leguminous and non-leguminous cover crop species. The experiment was conducted at two locations, Fargo and Prosper, ND, from 2010 to 2012. The experimental design was a randomized complete block with three replicates, in a split-plot arrangement where the preceding season's cover crop was the main plot and the forage crop was the sub-plot. Six cover crops, forage pea (Pisum sativum L.) cv. Arvika, Austrian winter pea (Pisum sativum ssp. arvense (L.) Poir), hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth.) forage radish (Raphanus sativus var. niger) cv. Daikon, turnip (Brassica rapa var. rapa) cv. Purple Top, and forage turnip (Brassica campestris x napus) cv. Pasja, were planted no-till on 8 to 9 August in 2010 and 2011 into oat (Avena sativa L.) residue. In the following spring, five energy/forage crops, maize (Zea mays L.), forage sorghum and sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.), oat, and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) were planted no-till onto the winter-killed cover crops residue. Results across locations and years indicated forage pea and forage radish, produced the highest dry matter yield (3.3Mgha?1) in the fall. Total plant N content was 116kgNha?1 in forage peas and 76kgNha?1 in forage radish, respectively. Results across locations and years indicated all energy/forage crops had greater biomass yield, and total N content when preceded by a legume cover crop compared with a non-legume or the check, in the previous year. Forage sorghum had the highest average biomass yield among the five energy/forage crops, with 17.8Mgha?1, followed by sweet sorghum with 15.3Mgha?1. In conclusion, forage pea was the most suitable cover crop to provide additional N for the subsequent crops in the NGP. Forage sorghum and sweet sorghum can be considered as the most productive energy/forage crops, especially when preceded by a legume cover crop.

D.P. Samarappuli; B.L. Johnson; H. Kandel; M.T. Berti

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Aspen for short-rotation coppice plantations on agricultural sites in Germany: Effects of spacing and rotation time on growth and biomass production of aspen progenies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The suitability of agricultural sites for the production of woody biomass using fast-growing trees in short-rotation coppice plantations is being investigated in a joint multi-discipline project. The basis of this project are two trial plantations, one in Bavaria (south Germany) and the other in Hesse (central Germany). At the trial plantation in Bavaria (Abbachhof), six aspen progenies were planted in 1983 and tested for their suitability in different short-rotation periods (5 and 10 years) and three different spacings. At the other location in Hesse (Canstein), 14 aspen progenies were planted in 1986 and tested in a 10-year rotation period at one spacing. The progenies tested resulted from cross-pollinations of selected trees of European (Populus tremula L.) and American aspen (P. tremuloides Michx.). The trials show that hybrid aspen have a higher biomass production in short-rotations than progenies from European or American aspen. This is due to a lower mortality rate as well as to a higher growth rate. Even on sites low in nutrients and only average water availability hybrid aspen are capable of producing biomass on an average of 100t/ha (wood and bark including branches, absolutely dry) within a 10-year rotation period. The results show that the harvesting should be more than 10 years in order to achieve a maximum average biomass-production per year.

M Liesebach; G von Wuehlisch; H.-J Muhs

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Agriculture | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Agriculture Agriculture Dataset Summary Description The Energy Statistics Database contains comprehensive energy statistics on the production, trade, conversion and final consumption of primary and secondary; conventional and non-conventional; and new and renewable sources of energy. The Energy Statistics dataset, covering the period from 1990 on, is available at UNdata. This dataset relates to the consumption of alcohol by the transportation industry. Source United Nations (UN) Date Released December 09th, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords Agriculture Alcohol consumption transportation industry UN Data application/xml icon UN Data: consumption by transportation industry XML (xml, 95 KiB) text/csv icon UN Data: consumption by transportation industry XLS (csv, 21.6 KiB)

240

Farm-level simulation of alternative resource-conserving production systems for representative crop farms in the Northern Texas High Plains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

irrigated and dryland conditions, and sprinkler irrigation with and without a low energy precision application (LEPA) system. With dryland conditions, participation in the Conservation Reserve Program was evaluated. Farm situations werc. simulated over a... farm program provisions. This latter assumption was adopted in order to assess potential of alternative crop rotations. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I express my sincere appreciation to Dr. James W. Richardson, my advisor and chairman of the committee...

De Brey, Cristobal J.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Crop Revenue Coverage (CRC)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Crop Revenue Coverage guarantees a stated amount of revenue based on commodity futures prices. This publication explains how CRC works and gives examples based on harvest price scenarios....

Stokes, Kenneth; Barnaby, G. A. Art; Waller, Mark L.; Outlaw, Joe

2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

242

Using sludge on land raises more than crops  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Applying sludge to croplands has been one solution to the dilemma of accumulating sewage. At the present time, approximately 25 percent of all sludge disposal programs are conducted as land application, specifically land reclamation and agricultural utilization. The application of sludge to croplands is developing from a small and scattered program into a large-scaled program because of the prohibition of ocean dumping of sludge, increased costs for incineration of sludge and its pollution control, and an increasing national production of over 280 million tons/yr of wet sludge. Agricultural utilization of sewage sludge has several notable benefits including the recycling of essential and trace nutrients, improvement of marginal soil with organic matter, increased crop yield, and direct costs comparable to commercial fertilizers. However, cropland utilization of sewage sludge may involve risks if proper management is not followed. Besides the risk of metal contamination of soil and plants which has received considerable notoriety, the overall environmental impact of sludge application programs must also consider the public health hazards of nitrate (Ntheta/sub 3/) pollution and the spread of pathogenic (disease-causing) organisms, and any odor nuisance which may be associated with these programs.

Gerardi, M.H.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Comparative evaluation of crop water use efficiency, economic analysis and net household profit simulation in arid Northwest China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Decreasing water availability for agricultural production has prompted researchers to focus on comparing and evaluating water use efficiency (WUE) of different crops in various water management strategies. A field survey was conducted to investigate the amount of irrigation water, inputs and yields of eight crops (spring wheat, maize, onion, cotton, hot pepper, sunflower, melons and fennel) grown under furrow irrigation systems in an arid region, Minqin county, Northwestern China (NWC). Previous publications reporting crop WUE were identified and major statistics of evapotranspiration (ET), yield (Y) and WUE were calculated for each crop. By comparing with literature reporting, the mean WUE of onion (8.71kgm?3), cotton (0.56kgm?3), sunflower seed (0.78kgm?3) and fennel (0.51kgm?3) grown in NWC were at the same high levels; while WUE of wheat (0.87kgm?3) and maize (1.17kgm?3) were slightly lower and WUE of hot pepper (2.68kgm?3) and melons (3.27kgm?3) were extremely low. Great potential of saving water could be achieved to realize increased or ideal WUE values for crops in NWC. The total net profit per household of cotton (1606.62$hh?1) was significantly larger and of onion (?3132.30$hh?1) significantly lower than that of other crops. Cotton, sunflower seed, melons and hot pepper had significantly higher crop production values per unit water than other crops, 0.39$m?3, 0.36$m?3, 0.32$m?3 and 0.31$m?3, respectively. The net household profits were significantly higher when excluding onion production for its extremely low price in 2011. With simulation based on different combinations of onion production and increase of migrant workers, the average net household profit could be optimized to provide benefits to local farmers and policy makers regarding income increase and rural policy design.

Yubing Fan; Chenggang Wang; Zhibiao Nan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropics | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Crops Research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropics Crops Research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropics Jump to: navigation, search Name International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics Place India Sector Biofuels Product Biofuels ( Academic / Research foundation ) References International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics is a company located in India . References ↑ "International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=International_Crops_Research_Institute_for_the_Semi_Arid_Tropics&oldid=347036

245

Influence of habitat and landscape perenniality on insect natural enemies in three candidate biofuel crops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

biofuel crops Ben P. Werling a, , Timothy D. Meehan b , Claudio Gratton b , Douglas A. Landis April 2011 Accepted 22 June 2011 Available online 28 June 2011 Keywords: Biofuels Biodiversity Biological control Land use change a b s t r a c t Cultivation of biofuel crops could change agricultural

Landis, Doug

246

Quantifying yield gaps in wheat production in Russia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Crop yields must increase substantially to meet the increasing demands for agricultural products. Crop yield increases are particularly important for Russia because low crop yields prevail across Russia's widespread and fertile land resources. However, reliable data are lacking regarding the spatial distribution of potential yields in Russia, which can be used to determine yield gaps. We used a crop growth model to determine the yield potentials and yield gaps of winter and spring wheat at the provincial level across European Russia. We modeled the annual yield potentials from 1995 to 2006 with optimal nitrogen supplies for both rainfed and irrigated conditions. Overall, the results suggest yield gaps of 1.512.10 t ha?1, or 4452% of the yield potential under rainfed conditions. Under irrigated conditions, yield gaps of 3.143.30 t ha?1, or 6263% of the yield potential, were observed. However, recurring droughts cause large fluctuations in yield potentials under rainfed conditions, even when the nitrogen supply is optimal, particularly in the highly fertile black soil areas of southern European Russia. The highest yield gaps (up to 4 t ha?1) under irrigated conditions were detected in the steppe areas in southeastern European Russia along the border of Kazakhstan. Improving the nutrient and water supply and using crop breeds that are adapted to the frequent drought conditions are important for reducing yield gaps in European Russia. Our regional assessment helps inform policy and agricultural investors and prioritize research that aims to increase crop production in this important region for global agricultural markets.

Florian Schierhorn; Monireh Faramarzi; Alexander V Prishchepov; Friedrich J Koch; Daniel Mller

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Factors affecting agricultural journalists and agricultural communicators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agricultural journalism and agricultural communication have been researched in depth, identifying job skills, job satisfaction, educational backgrounds, and curriculum issues. However, a study examining the spheres (subjective, institutional...

Chenault, Edith Anne

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

248

Agricultural Research/October 19962 6 Agricultural Pests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fo- cus on the environmental fate of pes- ticides and other farm chemicals. Farmers decide to grow or more of the world's potential crop production may be stolen in advance by pests, according to some this future, ARS' National Program Staff (NPS) will sponsor a workshop for agency researchers in 1997. NPS

Liskiewicz, Maciej

249

Wisconsin Agriculture Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATUS OF Wisconsin Agriculture 2010 · Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy · Current Outlook: Farm Products, Farm Inputs and the General Economy · Framing the Financial Crisis for Wisconsin Agriculture Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics College of Agricultural and Life Sciences University

Radeloff, Volker C.

250

AGRICULTURE, 2004 Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2004 Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy Situation and Outlook Situation: Implications for U.S. Agriculture · The Evolution and Current Status of Livestock Production and Meat Processing in Wisconsin Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics College of Agricultural

Radeloff, Volker C.

251

Performance of late sown wheat crop under different planting geometries and irrigation regimes in arid climate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Proper orientation of plants in the field and management of soil moisture for appropriate utilization of land, water and environmental resources plays a significant role in the optimum development and functioning of vital plant organs. A two factor field experiment was conducted for two consecutive crop growth seasons viz. 200607 and 200708 at Research and Demonstration Farm, Regional Agricultural Economic Development Centre (RAEDC), Vehari, Pakistan to make a comparison of four different planting geometries viz. planting in 22cm apart rows under conventional, minimum and zero tillage, respectively and planting in 11cm apart rows under conventional tillage system. Wheat cultivar, Inqlab-91 was planted late in December. Crop was subjected to five irrigation levels in which irrigation was applied equivalent to 120%, 100%, 80%, 60% or 40% of ETo. Lower soil bulk density and penetration resistances at 1020cm soil depth were recorded with conventional tillage with either narrow or wider row spacing as compared to other planting geometries. The maximum values for LAI, LAD, TDM, productive tillers (m?2), 1000-grain weight and grain yield were recorded with planting geometry having 11cm apart rows under conventional tillage system along with irrigation level of 120% \\{ETo\\} that remained statistically at par with the same planting geometry subjected to the irrigation regime of 100% ETo. This planting geometry also resulted in minimum weed fresh biomass. It is concluded that late planted wheat crop planted in 11cm wide rows under conventional tillage irrigated @ 100% \\{ETo\\} may serve as an appropriate technology for enhancing the wheat productivity of late sown wheat crop under limited water supplies.

Hakoomat Ali; Nadeem Iqbal; Shakeel Ahmad; Ahmad Naeem Shahzad; Naeem Sarwar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Energy use in cropping systems: A regional long-term exploratory analysis of energy allocation and efficiency in the Inland Pampa (Argentina)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As agricultural system comprises natural processes that are ruled by thermodynamics, the energy utilization is well suited for assessing the sustainability in the management of natural resources. The goals of this paper are 1) to assess the energy use efficiency of the main crops during the 19922005 period in Inland Pampa (Argentina); 2) to evaluate the database structure in terms of energy allocation; 3) to assess the changes in technical efficiency using frontier analysis and 4) to identify the best explanatory variables for energy efficiency variability. Results showed an upward trend in productivity per unit area in the crops analyzed (excluding sunflower). Summer soybean and sunflower showed higher energy efficiency values by the end of time series. The main shift in the energy use pattern was the reduction of the energy allocated to tillage. The overall performance of the wheat and soybean crops in the study area appears to be closer to the energy usage pattern shown by the top 5% energy use efficiency crop fields. The exploratory analysis using classification and regression trees (CART) revealed that the energy allocation to tillage; and the crop specie were the attributes that mainly explained the energy efficiency changes.

Diego Omar Ferraro

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach: Agricultural Outreach Articles  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Outreach Articles Outreach Articles Electricity from the Wind series of articles was designed to support agricultural outreach efforts. The articles explore wind energy issues as they relate to the rural/agricultural community. These articles are available to media outlets in your state, especially agricultural media outlets. The articles may also be used as handouts when attending agricultural group meetings. Electricity from the Wind: A New Lesson for Schools Electricity from the Wind: What Landowners Should Know Electricity from the Wind: The New Cash Crop Electricity from the Wind: Wind Energy and the Natural Gas Crisis Electricity from the Wind: Economic Development for Rural Communities Electricity from the Wind: USDA Farm Bill Section 9006 Provides Funding for Farm and Ranch Wind Projects

254

U.S. Agriculture and International Trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International markets are important for many U.S. farm products and greatly affect U.S. agriculture. This publication discusses the causes of import change, the export product mix, major markets, and markets of the future....

McCorkle, Dean; Benson, Geoffrey A.; Marchant, Mary; Rosson, C. Parr

1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

255

Radioactivity in food crops  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Published levels of radioactivity in food crops from 21 countries and 4 island chains of Oceania are listed. The tabulation includes more than 3000 examples of 100 different crops. Data are arranged alphabetically by food crop and geographical origin. The sampling date, nuclide measured, mean radioactivity, range of radioactivities, sample basis, number of samples analyzed, and bibliographic citation are given for each entry, when available. Analyses were reported most frequently for /sup 137/Cs, /sup 40/K, /sup 90/Sr, /sup 226/Ra, /sup 228/Ra, plutonium, uranium, total alpha, and total beta, but a few authors also reported data for /sup 241/Am, /sup 7/Be, /sup 60/Co, /sup 55/Fe, /sup 3/H, /sup 131/I, /sup 54/Mn, /sup 95/Nb, /sup 210/Pb, /sup 210/Po, /sup 106/Ru, /sup 125/Sb, /sup 228/Th, /sup 232/Th, and /sup 95/Zr. Based on the reported data it appears that radioactivity from alpha emitters in food crops is usually low, on the order of 0.1 Bq.g/sup -1/ (wet weight) or less. Reported values of beta radiation in a given crop generally appear to be several orders of magnitude greater than those of alpha emitters. The most striking aspect of the data is the great range of radioactivity reported for a given nuclide in similar food crops with different geographical origins.

Drury, J.S.; Baldauf, M.F.; Daniel, E.W.; Fore, C.S.; Uziel, M.S.

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

A fuel consumption model for off-road use of mobile machinery in agriculture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Until 2009, the annual reporting of emissions by off-road transport in agriculture in Belgium was based on a 1994 calculation model that needed to be updated. An energy consumption model was established for plant production in Belgium as a backbone for a new emission model. The model starts from agricultural activities involving off-road fuel consumption. Effects of soil type, tractor size, field size and machine load are modelled. Twenty-seven \\{FCIs\\} (fuel consumption indicators) were computed for plant production. \\{FCIs\\} are expressed per year and are used for emission estimates on a regional level. \\{FCIs\\} ranged from 37 to 311L/ha. Sensitivity analysis showed the highest impact of tractor size with a surplus fuel consumption between 10 and 41% depending on the crop type. Fuel consumption (L) can be further processed into greenhouse gas emissions. \\{FCIs\\} can be adopted in LCA (life cycle assessment) studies. With ?310L/ha, orchards are most fuel intensive, followed by field vegetables and sugar beets (?150L/ha). The total off-road energy consumption of field vegetables is high because second cropping is a common practice.

Veerle Van linden; Lieve Herman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics New Horizons for Rural Reform in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11 Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics New Horizons for Rural Reform in China: Resources Population Rice Fruit #12;12 Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics dominate domestic production

Kammen, Daniel M.

258

Impact of Generic Advertising on Brand Advertising in Food and Agricultural Industries.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Generic advertising programs managed by several agricultural commodity groups are collective economic actions to promote agricultural products. Several previous studies have shown the effectiveness of (more)

Suh, Daeseok

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Economic Value of Agricultural  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic Value of Agricultural Research Public Investment in Texas Agricultural Research Yields Significant Economic Returns #12;Texas agricultural producers and especially consumers benefit directly from in the Department of Agricultural Economics at Texas A&M University conducted analyses using an agriculture

260

Potential Agricultural Uses of Flue Gas Desulfurization Gypsum in the Northern Great Plains  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Flue gas desulfurization gypsum (FGDG) is a byproduct from the combustion of coal for electrical energy production. Currently, FGDG is being produced by 15 electrical generating stations in Alabama, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Ohio, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Wisconsin. Much of this byproduct is used in the manufacturing of wallboard. The National Network for Use of FGDG in Agriculture was initiated to explore alternative uses of this byproduct. In the northern Great Plains (North Dakota, South Dakota, and Montana), FGDG has the potential to be used as a Ca or S fertilizer, as an acid soil ameliorant, and for reclaiming or mitigating sodium-affected soils. Greater than 1.4 million Mg of FGDG could initially be used in these states for these purposes. Flue gas desulfurization gypsum can be an agriculturally important resource for helping to increase the usefulness of problem soils and to increase crop and rangeland production. Conducting beneficial use audits would increase the public awareness of this product and help identify to coal combustion electrical generating stations the agriculturally beneficial outlets for this byproduct.

DeSutter, T.M.; Cihacek, L.J. [North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND (United States). Department of Soil Science

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Trade-offs of Water Use for Hydropower Generation and Biofuel Production in the Zambezi Basin in Mozambique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the Zambezi basin in Mozambique, hydropower production is an important economic resource, with substantial development envisaged for the next decades. Irrigated agriculture currently plays a minor role, but irrigation development has a large potential and is an important government policy goal, especially aiming at the cultivation of biofuel crops. This contribution assesses interrelations and trade-offs between these two water-dependent development options. Scenario simulations under different climate and development assumptions show that adverse impacts of irrigation withdrawal on hydropower are low. Consequently, the use of water for irrigated agriculture can generate higher economic benefits than the use for hydropower production.

Philipp Stanzel; Harald Kling; Kit Nicholson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Agricultural Producer Attitudes and Perceptions Towards New Bio-based Business Opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in biomass activities and markets assuming it was viable relative to current farming activities. Results in the U.S. will require the use of bioenergy crops and agricultural residues (Walsh et al., 2003). In 2007

Wu, Qinglin

263

Water, Agriculture + settlement design in the arid lower Colorado River Basin : 3 new models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis investigates possible conversions of an increasingly unviable type of irrigated agricultural landscape, seen under the influences of three simultaneous processes: urban growth, change of cropping practice and ...

Wirth, Timo Matti

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Short rotation Wood Crops Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report synthesizes the technical progress of research projects in the Short Rotation Woody Crops Program for the year ending September 30, 1989. The primary goal of this research program, sponsored by the US Department of Energy's Biofuels and Municipal Waste Technology Division, is the development of a viable technology for producing renewable feedstocks for conversion to biofuels. One of the more significant accomplishments was the documentation that short-rotation woody crops total delivered costs could be $40/Mg or less under optimistic but attainable conditions. By taking advantage of federal subsidies such as those offered under the Conservation Reserve Program, wood energy feedstock costs could be lower. Genetic improvement studies are broadening species performance within geographic regions and under less-than-optimum site conditions. Advances in physiological research are identifying key characteristics of species productivity and response to nutrient applications. Recent developments utilizing biotechnology have achieved success in cell and tissue culture, somaclonal variation, and gene-insertion studies. Productivity gains have been realized with advanced cultural studies of spacing, coppice, and mixed-species trials. 8 figs., 20 tabs.

Wright, L.L.; Ehrenshaft, A.R.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Status and Trends of Irrigated Agriculture in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Status and Trends of Irrigated Agriculture in Texas Irrigation is critical to our food production and food security and is a vital component of Texas' productive agricultural economy.Texas ranks third in the United States in both agricultural acres irrigated and irrigation water applied. Significant advances

266

Wind Powering America: Agricultural Podcasts  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

agricultural/podcasts.asp A series of agricultural/podcasts.asp A series of radio interviews on wind energy aimed at a rural stakeholder audience produced by Wind Powering America and the National Association of Farm Broadcasters. en-us julie.jones@nrel.gov (Julie Jones) http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/images/wpa_logo_sm.jpg Wind Powering America: Agricultural Podcasts http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/agricultural/podcasts.asp Wind Energy Forum Enhances Positives of Wind Production http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/filter_detail.asp?itemid=4043 http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/filter_detail.asp?itemid=4043 Thu, 14 Nov 2013 00:00:00 MST Rural Communities Benefit from Wind Energy's Continued Success http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/filter_detail.asp?itemid=4021 http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/filter_detail.asp?itemid=4021 Tue, 29

267

Proceedings: EPRI's Agricultural Technology Alliance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a compilation of field trip overviews, presentations, and committee reports from the ATA meeting held in South Padre Island, Texas, on November 12-14,1997. There were three pre-meeting field trips. The trips consisted of a tour to the Texas A&M Weslaco Experiment Station for an overview of agriculture in the lower Rio Grande Valley. The groups then divided and went on three different tours. There was a tour covering the conversion of raw agricultural products, a tour of beef and seafood processing, and one of food production and post-harvest physiology. Meetings were held for two days following the field trips.

None

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Wisconsin Agriculture SPECIAL ARTICLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 · Corn Ethanol: Impacts on Markets Communities and the Environment . . . . . . 33 · BioenergySTATUS OF Wisconsin Agriculture 2009 · SPECIAL ARTICLE: Bioenergy and Agriculture in Wisconsin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 III Special Article: Bioenergy and Agriculture in Wisconsin

Radeloff, Volker C.

269

Missouri Agriculture Outlook Conference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Missouri Agriculture Outlook Conference Conference Information This conference will discuss the drivers of Missouri agricultural and bio-fuel markets and the implications for Missouri farmsDr.JonHagler, DirectoroftheMissouriDepartment ofAgriculture. · Outlookpresentationsderivedfrom thelatestbaselineresultsof

Noble, James S.

270

TRADE COSTS AND THE GAINS FROM TRADE IN CROP AGRICULTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

costs, trade liberalization. JEL codes: F18, Q17, Q54. Although the theoretical case for the gains from

Tullos, Desiree

271

Farm Size in Relation to Market Outlets and Forward Contracts for Major Field Crops and Beef Cattle Texas Rollin Plains.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AG-"PAMP H l ET B-1187C February 1978 Farm Size in Relation to Market Outlets and Forward Contracts for 1 'II Major Field Crops and Beef Cattle Texas Rolling Plains The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station? Neville P. Clarke, Director... AND FORWARD CONTRACTS FOR MAJOR FIELD CROPS AND BEEF CATTLE TEXAS ROLLING PLAINS by Donald S. Moore and J. Rod Martin Texas Agricultural Experiment Station Texas A&M University College Station, Texas in cooperation with the National Economic Analysis...

Moore, Donald S.; Martin, J. Rod

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Age-Dependent Demographic Rates of the Bioenergy Crop Miscanthus 3 giganteus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

grass Miscanthus 3 giganteus is currently being planted as a bioenergy crop in the north central region renewable energy production (Genovesi 2011; Raghu et al. 2006). Biofuels, produced from crops, are a sourceAge-Dependent Demographic Rates of the Bioenergy Crop Miscanthus 3 giganteus in Illinois David P

Sims, Gerald K.

273

The Energy Crops Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Crops Company Crops Company Jump to: navigation, search Name The Energy Crops Company Place Cobham, United Kingdom Zip KT11 2LA Sector Biomass Product Distributor of pellets and installer of biomass heating equipment in Surrey, UK. Coordinates 41.739891°, -79.322189° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.739891,"lon":-79.322189,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

274

Life-cycle assessment of straw use in bio-ethanol1 production: a case-study based on biophysical modelling.2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.Gabrielle@grignon.inra.fr19 20 #12;2 ABSTRACT1 Cereal straw, a by-product in the production of agricultural crops, is2 (LCA) of a particular bio-12 energy chain in which straw was used to generate heat and power in a plant16 10% of its C in the long-term (30 years). The LCA concluded to significant benefits17 of straw use

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

275

Agricultural Improvement Loan Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Agricultural Improvement Loan Program is administered by the Minnesota Department of Agriculture through the Minnesota Rural Finance Authority (RFA) and provides loans to farmers for...

276

Kentucky Department of Agriculture  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Kentucky Department Kentucky Department of Agriculture of Agriculture Motor Fuel and Pesticide Motor Fuel and Pesticide Testing Laboratory Testing Laboratory Introduction...

277

Crop Rotation in the Blackland Region of Central Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

declining. The almost continuous cropping of these soils to cotton year after year without much, if any, effort being made to maintain or increase their productiveness by the use of fertilizers and manures, crop rotations, or the prevention of soil... washing, has resulted in a reduction in the productiveness of a region once thought to be inexhaustible in its fertility. The use of fertilizers has not been successful in restoring these soils to / their original productivness. Rotation or changing...

Reynolds, E. B. (Elbert Brunner); Killough, D. T. (David Thornton)

1927-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Generating crop calendars with Web search data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper demonstrates the potential of using Web search volumes for generating crop specific planting and harvesting dates in the USA integrating climatic, social and technological factors affecting crop calendars. Using Google Insights for Search, clear peaks in volume occur at times of planting and harvest at the national level, which were used to derive corn specific planting and harvesting dates at a weekly resolution. Disaggregated to state level, search volumes for corn planting generally are in agreement with planting dates from a global crop calendar dataset. However, harvest dates were less discriminatory at the state level, indicating that peaks in search volume may be blurred by broader searches on harvest as a time of cultural events. The timing of other agricultural activities such as purchase of seed and response to weed and pest infestation was also investigated. These results highlight the future potential of using Web search data to derive planting dates in countries where the data are sparse or unreliable, once sufficient search volumes are realized, as well as the potential for monitoring in real time the response of farmers to climate change over the coming decades. Other potential applications of search volume data of relevance to agronomy are also discussed.

Marijn van der Velde; Linda See; Steffen Fritz; Frank G A Verheijen; Nikolay Khabarov; Michael Obersteiner

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

USDA Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

USDA Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) USDA Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: USDA Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Agriculture Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory, Market analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: gain.fas.usda.gov/Pages/Default.aspx USDA Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) Screenshot References: GAIN[1] Overview "USDA'S Global Agriculture Information Network (GAIN) provides timely information on the agricultural economy, products and issues in foreign countries since 1995 that are likely to have an impact on United States agricultural production and trade. U.S. Foreign Service officers working at

280

College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Life Sciences AGRICULTURE,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

40 College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Life Sciences 40 COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, AND LIFE SCIENCES The College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Life Sci- ences (virtual- nity and Economic Development Concentration; Agricultural Education; Agricultural Mechanization

Stuart, Steven J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Switchgrass is a promising, high-yielding crop for California biofuel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

al. 2008. Net energy of cellulosic ethanol from switchgrass.cellulosic ethanol has higher productivity and net energyenergy crops (biofuels). gasoline contains about 6% ethanol

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Weed Management in Pulse Crops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

During At harvest #12;GoldSky ­ Crop Rotation · 9 Months: alfalfa, barley, canola, chickpea, dry bean PEA CAMELINA CANOLA BARLEY GOLDSKY Crop Rotation Study #12;GoldSky Crop Rotation Study ­ Herbicide #12;0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Lentil Canola Camelina Barley Field Pea Oat VisualDamage(%) GoldSky 1

Maxwell, Bruce D.

283

Biomass Energy Crops: Massachusetts' Potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biomass Energy Crops: Massachusetts' Potential Prepared for: Massachusetts Division of Energy;#12;Executive Summary In Massachusetts, biomass energy has typically meant wood chips derived from the region's extensive forest cover. Yet nationally, biomass energy from dedicated energy crops and from crop residues

Schweik, Charles M.

284

environment and agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

environment and agriculture environmentagriculture.curtin.edu.au Bachelor of Science - majorS in agriculture, environmental Biology or coaStal Zone management Science and engineering #12;t he department of environment and agriculture caters for students who are passionate about agriculture, biology, conserving

285

Fossil energy use in conventional and low-external-input cropping systems.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The production of fossil fuels will crest within the next decade and with reliance of modern conventional agriculture on fossil fuel energy inputs, food production (more)

Cruse, Michael James

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

CWEX (Crop/Wind-Energy Experiment): Measurements of the interaction between crop agriculture and wind power.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The current expansion of wind farms in the U.S. Midwest promotes an alternative renewable energy portfolio to conventional energy sources derived from fossil fuels. The (more)

Rajewski, Daniel Andrew

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Insights from Agricultural GHG Offset studies that might  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Insights from Agricultural GHG Offset studies that might Influence IAM Modeling Bruce A. Mc #12;How are landHow are land--use and terrestrial GHGuse and terrestrial GHG mitigation decisions/expert ­ Crop mix shift Varieties GHG Mitigation ­ Methane from rice, enteric, manure, others N2O from

McCarl, Bruce A.

288

Drivers of change in global agriculture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...differ considerably between our three country groups. In many MICs...for purpose (productivity, sustainability, profitability) often poor...W. W. Norton Postel, S Pillar of sand: can the irrigation...Pretty, J 2008Agricultural sustainability: concepts, principles and...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

BC Agriculture Climate Change Adaptation Risk + Opportunity Assessment Series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BC Agriculture Climate Change Adaptation Risk + Opportunity Assessment Series Grain & Oilseed Production Peace Region snapshot report #12;published March 2012 by the British Columbia Agriculture & Food Climate Action Initiative www.BCAgClimateAction.ca project funding provided by Agriculture and Agri

Pedersen, Tom

290

Agriculture in Developed Countries: Competition for Resources [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...related to the supply and demand for agricultural products...countries. On the supply side, agriculture is dominated...need of the market, the demand for food being highly...technology and improved management and organization can...more favourable supply/demand balance for agricultural...

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Solano and Yolo County Agriculture Current Basis for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solano and Yolo County Agriculture Current Basis for Planning for the Future November 16, 2011 · Agricultural profiles of Yolo County and Solano Counties ­ Trends and anticipated changes in land use and production ­ What counties can do to support agriculture in Solano and Yolo Counties · Climate Change

California at Davis, University of

292

OFFICIAL FIELD CROP INSPECTION  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Mr. Elmer D. Merrill having resigned to utilize his whole time in the interests of the Bureau of Science. MR. HAROLD BOYD SIFTON, of the Seed Lab-oratory of the Department of Agriculture, Ottawa, has resigned to accept a position in the botanical laboratories...

Frank A. Spragg

1920-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

293

Texas Crop Profile: Peppers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P P E R S E-57 2-01 Prepared by Kent D. Hall and Rodney L. Holloway 1 In collaboration with Juan Anciso and Frank Dainello 2 1 Extension Associate and Extension Specialist, The Texas A&M University System. 2 Agricultural Extension Agent...

Hall, Kent D.; Holloway, Rodney L.

2001-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

294

Future Agriculture When: 29th of Mars 2012, 13.0014.30  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Future Agriculture When: 29th of Mars 2012, 13.00­14.30 Where: Loftets Hörsal, Duhrevägen 8, Ultuna.magnusson@slu.se). The seminar will be filmed and posted on the Future Agriculture website: www.slu.se/futureagriculture. Future Agriculture ­ livestock, crops and land use, is a research pro- gramme developed at the Swedish University

295

Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Project | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Project Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Project Agency/Company /Organization Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Sector Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.fao.org/climatechan Program Start 2010 References Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Project[1] "The main goal of this project is to support efforts to mitigate climate change through agriculture in developing countries and move towards carbon friendly agricultural practices. The aim of the project is to help realise the substantial mitigation potential of agriculture, especially that of smallholders in developing countries. If the right changes are implemented in production systems,

296

Sugar ethanol in Florida: Economic, agricultural,and environmental aspects.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Ethanol production has been widely perceived as a solution to the global energy crisis, with the added benefit of reinvigorating declining agricultural economies. Moves towards (more)

Berger, Joshua F

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

E-Print Network 3.0 - agricultural commodities opportunities...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Theater, MSU-Bozeman 282B Strand Union Building Summary: and outreach programs focus on bioenergy production opportunities, agricultural policy and consumer economics......

298

Communication Factors Affecting African Policymakers' Decisions about Agricultural Biotechnology.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The purpose of this study was to develop a model for impacting decisions on agricultural biotechnology practices in food production among African policymakers. The research (more)

Begashaw, Belay Ejigu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Agriculture Commercial Horticulture Operations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.......... MSU - 3 Horticulture 213, Landscape Maintenance.................................................. MSU Plants ......................... MSU - 3 Crop and Soil Sciences 210, Fund. of Soil & Landscape Science - 2 Horticulture 218, Landscape Irrigation

300

Agricultural Chemistry and Bioenergy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Agricultural Chemistry and Bioenergy ... Renewed interest in converting biomass to biofuels such as ethanol, other forms of bioenergy, and bioenergy byproducts or coproducts of commercial value opens opportunities for chemists, including agricultural chemists and related disciplines. ...

William J. Orts; Kevin M. Holtman; James N. Seiber

2008-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Texas Crop Profile: Potatoes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

175 pounds of nitrogen, 80 pounds of phosphorus, and 80 pounds of potassium. Potassium is generally not needed in the High Plains, although many growers apply it. Texas Crop Profile P O T A T O E S E-19 3-00 Prepared by Kent D. Hall, Rodney L. Holloway..., following drag-off or after potato plants have fully emerged. Controls weeds by disrupting growth process during germination. Does not control established weeds. State Contacts Rodney L. Holloway Extension Specialist 2488 TAMU College Station, Texas 77843...

Hall, Kent D.; Holloway, Rodney L.; Smith, Dudley

2000-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

302

Climatic Impacts of Land-Use Change due to Crop Yield Increases and a Universal Carbon Tax from a Scenario Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Future land cover will have a significant impact on climate and is strongly influenced by the extent of agricultural land use. Differing assumptions of crop yield increase and carbon pricing mitigation strategies affect projected expansion of ...

T. Davies-Barnard; P. J. Valdes; J. S. Singarayer; C. D. Jones

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Russell Ranch Sustainable Agriculture Facility Agricultural Sustainability Institute  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Russell Ranch Sustainable Agriculture Facility Agricultural Sustainability Institute College of Agricultural Sustainability Institute Professor, Department of LAWR With input from Steve Kaffka, Ford Denison Sustainability Institute The Russell Ranch Sustainable Agriculture Facility is a unique 300-acre facility near

California at Davis, University of

304

College of Agriculture, Food and Environment GEN General Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College of Agriculture, Food and Environment GEN General Agriculture KEY: # = new course * = course IN AGRICULTURE. (3) Anintroductorycourserequiringcriticalanalysisofthemajorsocial. Prereq: Students enrolled in the College of Agriculture; freshmen only in fall semesters and transfers

MacAdam, Keith

305

College of Agriculture, Food and Environment AEC Agricultural Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College of Agriculture, Food and Environment AEC Agricultural Economics KEY: # = new course THE ECONOMICS OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE. (3 of agriculture in both a national and international dimension. Students who have completed ECO 201

MacAdam, Keith

306

European Commission Agriculture and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

European Commission Agriculture and Rural Development Good practice guidance on the sustainable Commission (EC) DG Agriculture and Rural Development 130, Rue de la Loi B ­ 1049 Brussels, Belgium Phone: +32 (0) 2-2969909 Fax: +32 (0) 2-29211 33 E-mail: info@ec.europa.eu Web: https://www.ec.europa.eu/agriculture

307

Growing Hawaii's agriculture industry,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Program Overview Growing Hawaii's agriculture industry, one business at a time Website: http-3547 agincubator@ctahr.hawaii.edu Grow Your Business If you are looking to start an agriculture-related business with our program · Positively impact the agriculture industry in Hawaii with their success

308

International Programs in Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Programs in Agriculture MessagefromtheDirector­ Staying Ahead of Globalization and more prosperous place for all. Fortunately, Purdue International Programs in Agriculture (IPIA) has natural disasters caution us to remember the power of nature. The United Nations Food and Agriculture

309

Missouri Agriculture Outlook Conference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Missouri Agriculture Outlook Conference Conference Information Join us to discuss the drivers of Missouri agricultural and bio-fuels markets and participate in a special review of international policy implications for Missouri agriculture. Registration Deadline To guarantee space availability, please register

Noble, James S.

310

Division of Agriculture,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DAFVM Division of Agriculture, Forestry, and Veterinary M e d i c i n e Visit us online at www to the Mississippi State University Division of Agriculture, Forestry, and Veterinary Medicine. Discrimination based-3-14) Mississippi State University's Division of Agriculture, Forestry, and Veterinary Medicine, or DAFVM

Ray, David

311

Agriculture KENNETH L. KOONCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COLLEGE OF Agriculture KENNETH L. KOONCE Dean M. E. GARRISON Associate Dean JACQUELINE M. MALLET BAKER Recruitment Coordinator 104 Agricultural Administration Building 225/578-2362 FAX 225/578-2526 Student Services 138 Agricultural Administration Building 225/578-2065 FAX 225/578-2526 The College

Harms, Kyle E.

312

Horticultural & Forest crops 2014 Floral Crops: Diseases 5-1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Horticultural & Forest crops 2014 Floral Crops: Diseases 5-1 Diseases Chuan Hong, Plant Pathologist humidity, low light intensity, and frequent watering, are favorable for the development of fungal and bacterial diseases. If insects are uncontrolled in the greenhouse, viruses can become a major problem

Liskiewicz, Maciej

313

Montana State University 1 College of Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Montana State University 1 College of Agriculture Graduate Programs Available Agricultural Education Program (http:// catalog.montana.edu/graduate/agriculture/agricultural- education) · M.S. in Agricultural Education (http://catalog.montana.edu/graduate/ agriculture/agricultural-education) Department

Lawrence, Rick L.

314

NOMADIC PASTORALISM AND AGRICULTURAL MODERNIZATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

experience in Central Asia is that a good deal of the herds were rebuilt with private capital and labor. By 1978, roughly 20 percent of Soviet sheep and goats were privately owned, 19 percent of Soviet wool production was in private hands as, in fact.... Hart, Eugene F. 1961 "Revolution in Technology and Logistics," Army Informa tion Digest, August. Heath, Maurice E. et al. 1973 Forages: The Science of Grassland Agriculture, University of Iowa Press, Ames, Iowa. Herr, John Knowles and Fuller, John...

Rice, Robert

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Fuzzy PROMETHEE for the Environmental Quality Assessment of Energy Dedicated Crops  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy crops are positioned as the most promising renewable energy sources. They are specifically targeted at the production of biofuels (solid, liquid and gaseous) and for the development of vegetal products ...

Fausto Cavallaro; Luigi Ciraolo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

FAO Climate-Smart Agriculture | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FAO Climate-Smart Agriculture FAO Climate-Smart Agriculture Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: FAO Climate-Smart Agriculture Agency/Company /Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Policies/deployment programs Website: www.fao.org/climatechange/climatesmart/en/ Program Start: 2010 References: Climate-Smart Agriculture[1] Logo: FAO Climate-Smart Agriculture Overview "Food security and climate change can be addressed together by transforming agriculture and adopting practices that are "climate-smart" A number of production systems are already being used by farmers and food producers to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, adapt to climate change, and reduce vulnerability. This website provides examples of many of these

317

Improving water use in crop production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and diseases through mechanical and agrochemical methods can achieve improved BWR, although...JUse of carbon and oxygen isotope composition and mineral ash content in breeding...Gessler, A2003Carbon and oxygen isotope composition of organic compounds in the phloem sap...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Texas Crop Profile: Onions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-00 Prepared by Kent D. Hall, Rodney L. Holloway and Dudley T. Smith 1 In collaboration with Juan Anciso, Noel Troxclair and Mark Black 2 1 Extension Associate and Extension Specialist, Texas Agricultural Extension Service, and Associate Professor, Texas.... State Contacts Rodney Holloway Extension Specialist 2488 TAMU College Station, Texas 77843-2488 979-845-3849 rholloway@tamu.edu Kent Hall Extension Associate 2488 TAMU College Station, Texas 77843-2488 979-845-3849 kd-hall@tamu.edu Juan Anciso Extension...

Hall, Kent D.; Holloway, Rodney L.; Smith, Dudley

2000-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

319

Towards closing the nitrogen flow in UK agriculture: An explorative study of integrated food and bioenergy production with increased nitrogen recirculation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Nitrogen is an essential growth factor in nature and for food production. It exists in many forms, including reactive nitrogen compounds available for plant uptake, (more)

Skenhall, Sara Alongi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

AGRICULTURAL REPORT SPECIAL ISSUE, JULY 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

suggests increased energy-based crop demand. This would suggest continued strong demand for corn Production Sector Energy and Biofuels Indiana's Hardwood Industry ­ Retaining Market Share Trends in Indiana Sector . . . 9 Energy and Biofuels. . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Indiana's Hardwood Industry ­ Retaining

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

The economic potential of producing energy from agricultural biomass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

allocation of farm land to meet the forced biomass energy supplies. Most conventional crop prices rise and all biomass feedstock prices rise with increasing feedstock production. As a consequence, farmers receive increased profits. Consumers, however...

Jerko, Christine

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Climate change impacts on crop yield and quality with CO2 fertilization in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...change impacts on crop yield and quality with CO2 fertilization in China...elevated CO2 on processing quality characteristics of two winter...experiment system. In Proc. World Engineers' Convention. vol. E, agricultural...1996Changes in wheat grain quality due to doubling the level of...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Smarter Cropping: Internet program helps farmers make decisions about crops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cotton. This Web-based decision support system, the Crop Weather Program for South Texas (CWP), is stationed out of the Texas AgriLife Research and Extension Center at Corpus Christi. The program provides easy access to his- torical and current... weather data as well as cal- culators and other tools that generate useful field-specific information about the crop and its environment, said Dr. Carlos J. Fern?ndez, associate professor and the Plant Physiology and Cropping Systems Program?s leader...

Wythe, Kathy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Agriculture model development to improve performance of the Community Land  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Agriculture model development to improve performance of the Community Land Agriculture model development to improve performance of the Community Land Model April 3, 2013 The important relationships between climate change and agriculture are uncertain, particularly the feedbacks related to the carbon cycle. Nevertheless, vegetation models have not yet considered the full impacts of management practices and nitrogen feedbacks on the carbon cycle. We are working to meet this need. We have integrated three crop types (corn, soybean, and spring wheat) into the Community Land Model (CLM). In developing the agriculture version of CLM, we added plant processes related to management practices and nitrogen cycling. A manuscript documenting our changes to CLM has been accepted for publication in Geoscientific Model Development Discussions ("Modeling

325

Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach: Agricultural and Rural Communities  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

and Rural Communities and Rural Communities Wind Powering America continues to develop and strengthen alliances with the agricultural sector and organizational alliances, including 25x'25, the American Corn Growers Foundation, the National Association of Counties, and the National Association of Farm Broadcasters. Agricultural lands in the United States are ripe for generating and utilizing renewable energy resources. With net farm and ranch income down and drought conditions throughout much of the United States, farmers and ranchers and others in the agricultural community are taking a serious look at how wind energy can become their new cash crop. The agricultural community includes not only farmers and ranchers, but also rural community leaders such as banks, rural economic development

326

Agriculture and Food Processes Branch program summary document  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The work of the Agriculture and Food Processes Branch within the US DOE's Office of Industrial Programs is discussed and reviewed. The Branch is responsible for assisting the food and agricultural sectors of the economy in increasing their energy efficiency by cost sharing with industry the development and demonstration of technologies industry by itself would not develop because of a greater than normal risk factor, but have significant energy conservation benefits. This task is made more difficult by the diversity of agriculture and the food industry. The focus of the program is now on the development and demonstration of energy conservation technology in high energy use industry sectors and agricultural functions (e.g., sugar processing, meat processing, irrigation, and crop drying, high energy use functions common to many sectors of the food industry (e.g., refrigeration, drying, and evaporation), and innovative concepts (e.g., energy integrated farm systems. Specific projects within the program are summarized. (LCL)

None

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Sustainable Agriculture Loan Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Minnesota Sustainable Agriculture Loan program will provide loans to Minnesota residents actively engaged in farming for capital expenditures which enhance the environmental and economic...

328

Agricultural Marketing Toolkit  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Agricultural-Marketing-Toolkit Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search Policy & Reporting Expand Policy & Reporting EE Sectors Expand EE Sectors...

329

E-Print Network 3.0 - a-1 fuel production Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

& Biomaterials Waste Cooking Oil Crops Intermediate Products Conversion... Technologies Bioenergy Products Ethanol Biodiesel Electricity & Heat Other Fuels, Chemicals, &...

330

Wisconsin Agriculture Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wisconsin Agriculture 2012 STATUS OF Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics · Status­Extension College of Agricultural & Life Sciences UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN­MADISON #12;#12;Status of Wisconsin Agriculture, 2012 An annual report by the Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, UW

Radeloff, Volker C.

331

Agricultural Ethics and Social Justice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Ethics and justice are highly influential in decision making as stakeholders invariably bring different ethical frameworks, values, and conceptions to the table when making group decisions, such as those regarding policy. For this reason, one goal of this article is to improve reader's understanding of common ethical approaches and conceptions of justice that influence decision making. In addition, a second goal of this article is to illustrate the wide applicability, depth, and impact of ethics to the fields of agricultural policy and food production. As agricultural sciences, farming methods, and various other activities surrounding food are all human practices, they can all be subjugated to ethical evaluation and critique. Thus, ethics and justice can be understood as integral parts of current work in these fields.

P.B. Thompson; S. Noll

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Miscanthus: A Review of European Experience with a Novel Energy Crop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Miscanthus is a tall perennial grass which has been evaluated in Europe over the past 5-10 years as a new bioenergy crop. The sustained European interest in miscanthus suggests that this novel energy crop deserves serious investigation as a possible candidate biofuel crop for the US alongside switchgrass. To date, no agronomic trials or trial results for miscanthus are known from the conterminous US, so its performance under US conditions is virtually unknown. Speculating from European data, under typical agricultural practices over large areas, an average of about 8t/ha (3t/acre dry weight) may be expected at harvest time. As with most of the new bioenergy crops, there seems to be a steep ''learning curve.'' Establishment costs appear to be fairly high at present (a wide range is reported from different European countries), although these may be expected to fall as improved management techniques are developed.

Scurlock, J.M.O.

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Biofuels and Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biofuels and Agriculture Biofuels and Agriculture A Factsheet for Farmers American farmers have "biofuels" like ethanol and biodiesel mean that new markets are opening up. These can provide extra farm as growing markets for other biofuels like biodiesel. What are biofuels? Biofuels (short for "biomass fuels

Pawlowski, Wojtek

334

Agricultural Research in Scotland  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... administered by independent governing bodies under the general scientific guidance of the Agricultural Research Council. Expenditure on agricultural research for the current financial year amounted to 875,800, of which ... for the current financial year amounted to 875,800, of which 140,050 was capital ...

1956-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

335

FAO Global Inventory of Agricultural Mitigation Projects in Developing  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FAO Global Inventory of Agricultural Mitigation Projects in Developing FAO Global Inventory of Agricultural Mitigation Projects in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: FAO Global Inventory of Agricultural Mitigation Projects in Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Resource assessment, Background analysis Website: www.fao.org/climatechange/micca/en/ References: FAO Global Inventory of Agricultural Mitigation Projects in Developing Countries[1] "The aim of the project is to help realise the substantial mitigation potential of agriculture, especially that of smallholders in developing countries. If the right changes are implemented in production systems, emissions can be reduced and sinks created in biomass and soils while

336

Agricultural science students' perceptions and knowledge of hearing loss  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by Bunch (1937), noise at levels potentially damaging to the auditory system has been associated with agricultural activities for over 50 years. Tractors and the noise they generate were the primary focus of early studies (Bunch, 1937, Lierle and Reger.... The study suggests that crop duster pilots should be included in hearing conservation programs and should wear HPDs? (Lankford 2008, p. 1). 15 ?Since 1970 the Nebraska Tractor Test Center has measured sound levels, at the operator?s ear, of a...

Slaydon, Sunny Leigh

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

Oregon Agriculture and the Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oregon Agriculture and the Economy: An Update Oregon State University Extension Service Rural Analyst Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics Oregon State University #12;Contents ...........................................................................................................................................12 Agricultural Support Services, Wholesale Trade, Transportation and Warehousing, Retail Trade

Tullos, Desiree

338

Global food security, biodiversity conservation and the future of agricultural intensification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global food security, biodiversity conservation and the future of agricultural intensification Teja increase, achieving efficient and productive agri- cultural land use while conserving biodiversity. In conclusion, linking agricultural intensifi- cation with biodiversity conservation and hunger reduction

339

Agricultural Advisors as Climate Information Intermediaries: Exploring Differences in Capacity to Communicate Climate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although agricultural production faces chronic stress associated with extreme precipitation events, high temperatures, drought, and shifts in climate conditions, adoption of climate information into agricultural decision making has been relatively ...

Tonya Haigh; Lois Wright Morton; Maria Carmen Lemos; Cody Knutson; Linda Stalker Prokopy; Yun Jia Lo; Jim Angel

340

Exploration of regional and global costsupply curves of biomass energy from short-rotation crops at abandoned cropland and rest land under four IPCC SRES land-use scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We explored the production cost of energy crops at abandoned agricultural land and at rest land at a regional and a global level to the year 2050 using four different land-use scenarios. The estimations were based on grid cell data on the productivity of short-rotation crops on the available land over time and assumptions regarding the capital and the labour input required to reach these productivity levels. It was concluded that large amounts of grown biomass at abandoned agricultural land and rest land, 130270EJyr?1 (about 4070% of the present energy consumption) may be produced at costs below $2GJ?1 by 2050 (present lower limit of cost of coal). Interesting regions because of their low production cost and significant potentials are the Former USSR, Oceania, Eastern and Western Africa and East Asia. Such low costs presume significant land productivity improvements over time and cost reductions due to learning and capital-labour substitution. An assessment of biomass fuel cost, using the primary biomass energy costs, showed that the future costs of biomass liquid fuels may be in the same order of the present diesel production costs, although this may change in the long term. Biomass-derived electricity costs are at present slightly higher than electricity baseload costs and may directly compete with estimated future production costs of fossil fuel electricity with CO2 sequestration. The present world electricity consumption of around 20PWhyr?1 may be generated in 2050 at costs below $45MWh?1 in A1 and B1 and below $55MWh?1 in A2 and B2. At costs of $60MWh?1, about 18 (A2) to 53 (A1)PWhyr?1 can be produced.

Monique Hoogwijk; Andr Faaij; Bert de Vries; Wim Turkenburg

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

MODELING PHOTOSYNTHESIS OF HETEROGENEOUS ROSE CROP CANOPIES IN THE GREENHOUSE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MODELING PHOTOSYNTHESIS OF HETEROGENEOUS ROSE CROP CANOPIES IN THE GREENHOUSE Soo-Hyung Kim and J. Heinrich Lieth Department of Environmental Horticulture University of California Davis, CA 95616-8587, USA training system ("bent canopy") is widely used in greenhouse rose production. The bent canopy consists

Lieth, J. Heinrich

342

The development of innovative technologies and products for organic fruit production. An integrated project.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The production of organic fruits is becoming progressivelytechnical inputs for organic fruit productions, focused tothe three major Polish fruit crops (apple, strawberry and

Malusa, Eligio; Sas, Lidia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Next-generation biomass feedstocks for biofuel production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A review of the potential for biofuel production in the United States from timber and non-grain crops.

Blake A Simmons; Dominique Loque; Harvey W Blanch

2008-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

344

A simulation-based soil and water resource evaluation for ratoon cropping grain sorghum in the central blacklands of Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the style of the Transactions of the ASAE (American Society of Agricultural Engineers). This increased production will require greater use of chemicals and of new and existing technology. A practical way to control agricultural non-point sources of water... the style of the Transactions of the ASAE (American Society of Agricultural Engineers). This increased production will require greater use of chemicals and of new and existing technology. A practical way to control agricultural non-point sources of water...

Stinson, David Lawrence

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

345

Economics and Energy of Ethanol Production from Alfalfa, Corn, and Switchgrass in the Upper Midwest, USA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the USA, biomass crop systems will be needed to meet future ethanol production goals. We estimated production costs, profits, and energy budgets for three potential crop systems for ... . Production costs, pro...

P. A. Vadas; K. H. Barnett; D. J. Undersander

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Biogas Production Technologies  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biogas Production Technologies Ruihong Zhang, Professor Biological and Agricultural Engineering University of California, Davis Email: rhzhang@ucdavis.edu Biogas and Fuel Cell...

347

College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences AGRICULTURE,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

40 College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences 40 COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND LIFE SCIENCES The mission of the College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences is to provide teaching, research, and service in agriculture, forestry, and life sciences that will benefit the citizens of South

Stuart, Steven J.

348

College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences AGRICULTURE,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

43 College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND LIFE SCIENCES The College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Scienc- es (CAFLS) supports Clemson University's land-grant mission to provide education, research and service to the public. The College of Agriculture

Stuart, Steven J.

349

College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Life Sciences AGRICULTURE,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

39 College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Life Sciences COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, AND LIFE SCIENCES The College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Life Sci- ences (www.clemson.edu/CAFLS) offers a broad. The undergraduate academic programs include Agricultural and Applied Economics with a Community and Economic

Stuart, Steven J.

350

College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences AGRICULTURE,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND LIFE SCIENCES The mission of the College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences is to provide teaching, research and service in agriculture, forestry and life sciences that will benefit the citizens of South

Bolding, M. Chad

351

College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Life Sciences AGRICULTURE,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

46 College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Life Sciences 46 COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, AND LIFE SCIENCES The College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Life Sci- ences offers graduate programs in 17 traditional disciplines in agriculture, forestry, and a wide variety of biological sciences, from

Stuart, Steven J.

352

College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Life Sciences AGRICULTURE,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

44 College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Life Sciences 44 COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, AND LIFE SCIENCES The College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Life Sci- ences offers graduate programs in 17 traditional disciplines in agriculture, forestry, and a wide variety of biological sciences, from

Stuart, Steven J.

353

College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Life Sciences AGRICULTURE,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

20 College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Life Sciences 20 COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, AND LIFE SCIENCES The mission of the College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Life Sciences is to provide teaching, research, and service in agriculture, forestry, and life sciences that will benefit the citizens

Stuart, Steven J.

354

College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Life Sciences AGRICULTURE,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

40 College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Life Sciences 40 COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, AND LIFE SCIENCES The mission of the College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Life Sciences is to provide teaching, research, and service in agriculture, forestry, and life sciences that will benefit the citizens

Stuart, Steven J.

355

College of Agriculture, Food and Environment AEN Agricultural Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College of Agriculture, Food and Environment AEN Agricultural Engineering KEY: # = new course of engineering systems, earthwork computations, and introduction to boundary surveys for Agriculture students in the College of Agriculture and/or consent of instructor. AEN 220 FARM TRACTORS AND ENGINES. (3) Principles

MacAdam, Keith

356

College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences AGRICULTURE,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

41 College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND LIFE SCIENCES The mission of the College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences is to provide teaching, research, and service in agriculture, forestry, and life sciences that will benefit the citizens of South

Stuart, Steven J.

357

College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences AGRICULTURE,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

20 College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences 20 COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND LIFE SCIENCES The mission of the College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences is to provide teaching, research and service in agriculture, forestry and life sciences that will benefit the citizens of South

Stuart, Steven J.

358

College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences AGRICULTURE,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

42 College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND LIFE SCIENCES The mission of the College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences is to provide teaching, research, and service in agriculture, forestry, and life sciences that will benefit the citizens of South

Stuart, Steven J.

359

United States of Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station Proceedings Research Station. 130 p. Declinesinhabitatofgreatersage, grazing practices, changes in wildfire regimes, increased spread of invasive species, gas and oil

360

Conservation tillage and cover cropping influence soil properties in San Joaquin Valley cotton-tomato crop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C) budget after 4 years of treatment* Nitrogen Crop CottonCottonCotton Cotton Tomato Tomato Tomato Tomato Carbon Crop Cotton

Veenstra, Jessica; Horwath, William; Mitchell, Jeffrey; Munk, Dan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Climate change risks for African agriculture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...coastal zone of the Nile Delta, Egypt . Environ. Earth Sci 59...agricultural production in Egypt. In each case the "deficiencies...plausible future projections of energy demand and supply...and ii) improved water-use efficiency (32). There is some experimental...

Christoph Mller; Wolfgang Cramer; William L. Hare; Hermann Lotze-Campen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Satellite Observations towards the Agriculture applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Satellite Observations towards the Agriculture applications Osamu Ochiai Japan Aerospace Weather (temperature, etc.) #12;Soil Moisture Drought monitoring in North-East Argentina by Aqua with other satellite data Land vegetation, ocean chlorophyll-a, and primary production Sea and Land surface

363

Agricultural Issues Center University of California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: How Does it Affect the Impacts of the Ethanol Subsidy? Tina L. Saitone, Richard J. Sexton and Steven E Does It Affect the Impacts of the Ethanol Subsidy? Tina L. Saitone Department of Agricultural@are.berkeley.edu Abstract: Market power is discussed frequently in debates about subsidies for ethanol production

California at Davis, University of

364

Prediction of County-Level Corn Yields Using an Energy-Crop Growth Index  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Weather conditions significantly affect corn yields. while weather remains as the major uncontrolled variable in crop production, an understanding of the influence of weather on yields can aid in early and accurate assessment of the impact of ...

Jeffrey A. Andresen; Robert F. Dale; Jerald J. Fletcher; Paul V. Preckel

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Climate change effects on winter chill for fruit crops in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dormancy release in deciduous fruit trees. Hortic Rev 7:239effects on winter chill for fruit crops in Germany Abstracteffects of climate change on fruit production in Germany,

Luedeling, Eike; Blanke, Michael; Gebauer, Jens

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Effects of Oilseed Meals on the Germination, Growth, and Survival of Crop and Weed Species  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oilseed crops are being widely evaluated for potential biodiesel production. Seed meal (SM) remaining after extracting oil may have use as a bioherbicide or organic fertilizer. Brassicaceae SM often contains glucosinolates that can hydrolyze...

Rothlisberger, Katie Lynn

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

367

Climate change effects on winter chill for fruit crops in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

chill for fruit crops in Germany Abstract To quantify thechange on fruit production in Germany, this study aimed atof typical winter chill in Germany around 2010, as well as

Luedeling, Eike; Blanke, Michael; Gebauer, Jens

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

BC Agriculture Climate Change Adaptation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BC Agriculture Climate Change Adaptation Risk + Opportunity Assessment Provincial Report #12;published March 2012 by the British Columbia Agriculture & Food Climate Action Initiative www.BCAgClimateAction.ca project funding provided by Agriculture and Agri-food Canada BC Ministry of Agriculture BC Ministry

Pedersen, Tom

369

Purdue Agriculture Annual Statistical Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Purdue Agriculture Research Works Annual Statistical Report 2005-2006 Purdue AGrICuLTure Read the full report on the Web www.ag.purdue.edu/arp/stat_report_05-06 #12;Purdue AGrICuLTure Purdue Agriculture Research Works Here's why. We are riding the wave of revolutionary changes brought about

370

BC Agriculture Climate Change Adaptation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BC Agriculture Climate Change Adaptation Risk + Opportunity Assessment Provincial Report executive summary #12;published March 2012 by the British Columbia Agriculture & Food Climate Action Initiative www.BCAgClimateAction.ca project funding provided by Agriculture and Agri-food Canada BC Ministry of Agriculture BC Ministry

Pedersen, Tom

371

Agricultural Equipment | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Equipment Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleAgriculturalEquipment&oldid267143...

372

Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Production is obtained from proved reserves but the determinants of the scale of production in the industry and country components of the world total are many and complex with some unique to the individual com...

D. C. Ion

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

AGRICULTURAL REPORT MAY 2001  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Indiana Farm Management Tour . . . . . . . . . . 3 34th Annual Purdue Top Farmer Crop Workshop, and the potentially devastating impact, the best procedure is not only to increase our border defenses against Foot and Mouth Disease, but also to plan and organize in advance to combat it effectively when it arrives

374

AGRICULTURE, 2003 Current Wisconsin Farm Financial Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2003 Current Wisconsin Farm Financial Conditions Situation and Challenges Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics College of Agricultural and Life Sciences OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2003 An Annual Report by: Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics College

Radeloff, Volker C.

375

Potential of crop residue in India as a source of energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Here is given an estimate of crop residue production and different recycling options as a source of renewable energy. India produces 388 Tg crop residues but only 182 Tg equivalent to 2818 PJ is usable. Recycling as manure can replace 15% of 595 PJ national fertiliser energy. Recycling in digester can produce 20.32 billion m³ biogas. It can be converted into 182 Tg of biocoal generating 156??258.3 billion unit (kWh) electricity. It can lead to 16 billion dm³ ethanol productions. Having less environmental consequences, different recycling options can make the crop residue an environmentally sound sustainable energy system.

Apurba Sarkar

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Climate Change and China's Agricultural Sector: An Overview of Impacts,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China's Agricultural Sector: An Overview of Impacts, China's Agricultural Sector: An Overview of Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation Jump to: navigation, search Name Climate Change and China's Agricultural Sector: An Overview of Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation Agency/Company /Organization International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development Sector Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment Resource Type Publications Website http://ictsd.org/downloads/201 Country China UN Region Eastern Asia References China's Ag Impacts [1] Climate Change and China's Agricultural Sector: An Overview of Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation Screenshot "The overall goal of this paper is to review and document the likely impacts of climate change on China's agricultural production, efforts

377

Agronomic Suitability of Bioenergy Crops in Mississippi  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In Mississippi, some questions need to be answered about bioenergy crops: how much suitable land is available? How much material can that land produce? Which production systems work best in which scenarios? What levels of inputs will be required for productivity and longterm sustainability? How will the crops reach the market? What kinds of infrastructure will be necessary to make that happen? This publication helps answer these questions: ???????????????????????????????¢???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????¢ Which areas in the state are best for bioenergy crop production? ???????????????????????????????¢???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????¢ How much could these areas produce sustainably? ???????????????????????????????¢???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????¢ How can bioenergy crops impact carbon sequestration and carbon credits? ???????????????????????????????¢???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????¢ How will these crops affect fertilizer use and water quality? ???????????????????????????????¢?????????????

Lemus, Rocky; Baldwin, Brian; Lang, David

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Crop responses to climatic variation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Ort, D.R2004Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide: plants...improving crop yields in water-limited environments...Inanaga, S1999Rooting, water uptake and xylem structure...a stochastic weather generator in the development of...grain yield on limited water supplies. Agron. J...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

July 30, 2004 Crop Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Grapes, and Wine Tissue Analysis Grapes and Small Fruits Upcoming Meetings Crop Conditions: Apple harvest harvest management, increased fruit size, maintenance of fruit firmness, reduction of preharvest fruit drop, improved fruit quality, and enhanced storage potential. Rates of application are similar

Ginzel, Matthew

380

Solanaceae Coordinated Agricultural Project Dedicated to the Improvement of Potato and Tomato  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SolCAP Solanaceae Coordinated Agricultural Project Dedicated to the Improvement of Potato are dedicated to the improvement of the Solanaceae crops: potato and tomato. Through innovative researchCAP Project Participants #12;SolCAP Project OverviewResearch - Education - Extension [Potato Example] mRNA > c

Douches, David S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Agriculture in the developing world: Connecting innovations in plant research to downstream applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...salinity, and the competing demands for water by agriculture...several crops in countries like Egypt and India. This list...the new insights emerging daily on how microRNAs control...Because there is a growing demand for hybrid maize among small...

Deborah P. Delmer

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Communication Factors Affecting African Policymakers' Decisions about Agricultural Biotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this study was to develop a model for impacting decisions on agricultural biotechnology practices in food production among African policymakers. The research focused on three African countries, namely, South Africa, Malawi and Ghana...

Begashaw, Belay Ejigu

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

383

Metal contamination of soils and crops affected by the Chenzhou lead/zinc mine spill (Hunan, China)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Metal contamination of soils and crops affected by the Chenzhou lead/zinc mine spill (Hunan, China Avenue Edouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France b Department of Environmental Science, Hunan Agricultural polluted with As, Cd, Zn, Pb and Cu. The contamination levels were in the order of GYBNSZYNJTC showing

Mailhes, Corinne

384

Review article Automated monitoring of greenhouse crops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the greenhouse. Most of these sensors, such as thermistors and light meters, are reli- able, inexpensive, readilyReview article Automated monitoring of greenhouse crops David L. EHRETa*, Anthony LAUb, Shabtai and continuously detect crop stress, water use, growth and nutrition in greenhouse crops. Some of these techniques

Boyer, Edmond

385

Production  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Algae production R&D focuses on exploring resource use and availability, algal biomass development and improvements, characterizing algal biomass components, and the ecology and engineering of...

386

Power Lines and Crops Can Be Good Neighbors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two of the Pacific Northwests greatest economic assets are its wealth of agriculture and its clean and reliable electricity fueled largely by hydropower. Sometimes the two intersect. Transmission lines carrying electricity to the regions farms, businesses and homes must, of necessity, span large areas where people grow crops and orchards. To ensure a safe and reliable flow of electricity across these expanses, trees and other vegetation must be managed to certain standards. At the same time, the Bonneville Power Administration which owns and operates three-quarters of the regions high-voltage transmission recognizes the importance of our regions agricultural bounty. We are committed to working with individuals and agricultural communities to facilitate ongoing land-use activities in transmission rights-of-way as long as those uses are compatible with transmission safety and reliability standards. Our goal with vegetation management is to keep you and your property safe while protecting the reliability of our regions electricity system. By working together, BPA and landowners can protect the system and public safety.

none,

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

The Impact of Tenure Arrangements and Crop Rotations on Upper Gulf Coast Rice Farms.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I ____J - TDOC Z TA245 .7 8873 N0.1530 The Impact Of Tenure Arrangements And Crop Rotations On Upper Gulf Coast Rice Farms The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station/ Neville P. Clarke, Director/ The Texas A&M University System/ College... influence on the farm's viability. - Examination of the effects of widespread adoption of Lemont (a new rice variety) throughout the southern rice producing region indi cated an estimated nominal rough rice cash price decline of $0.35/cwt (because...

Perry, Gregory M.; Rister, M. Edward; Richardson, James W.; Grant, Warren R.; Sij, John W. Jr

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

E-Print Network 3.0 - agriculture fisheries forestry Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Engineering 18 ASEM Conference on Forests, forest governance and timber products trade Summary: of Forestry Administration, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry & Fisheries,...

389

E-Print Network 3.0 - agricultural land evaluation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Technologies and Information Sciences 11 Breeze Family Farm Orange County, NC Summary: fields in agricultural production and natural forests for future generations. Land gifted......

390

Soil Organic Carbon Sequestration by Tillage and Crop Rotation: A Global  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tillage and Crop Rotation Tillage and Crop Rotation Soil Organic Carbon Sequestration by Tillage and Crop Rotation: A Global Data Analysis DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/tcm.002 PDF file Full text Soil Science Society of America Journal 66:1930-1946 (2002) CSITE image Tristram O. West and Wilfred M. Post DOE Center for Carbon Sequestration in Terrestrial Ecosystems (CSiTE) Environmental Sciences Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory P.O. Box 2008 Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6290 U.S.A. Sponsor: U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science, Biological and Environmental Research Program Abstract Global map Changes in agricultural management can potentially increase the accumulation rate of soil organic carbon (SOC), thereby sequestering CO2 from the atmosphere. This study was conducted to quantify potential soil

391

ABT Agricultural Biotechnology College of Agriculture, Food and Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABT Agricultural Biotechnology College of Agriculture, Food and Environment KEY: # = new course INTRODUCTION TO BIOTECHNOLOGY. (1) Anintroductiontobiotechnology:historicalperspectives,currentapplicationsandfuturedirections.Thecoursewillconsistofinformal lectures and interactive discussions led by Biotechnology faculty and visiting professionals. The course

MacAdam, Keith

392

Assessment of secondary crop residues. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is the first of three reports assessing the feasibility of converting secondary agricultural residues to energy in the form of either methane gas or ethyl alcohol. Secondary agricultural residues are defined in this study as those residues resulting from biomass processing to produce primary products; e.g., whey from cheese processing, vegetable processing wastes, residues from paper pulping, etc. This report summarizes the first two phases of this study, data compilation, and evaluation. Subsequent reports will analyze the technical and economic feasibility of converting these residues to energy and the implementability of this technology. The industries for which data has been compiled in this report include vegetable, fruit, seafood, meat, poultry, and dairy processing and the pulp, paper, and paperboard industry. The data collected include raw product input, final processed product output, residue types, and quantity, residue concentration, biodegradability, seasonality of production, and geographic distribution of processing facilities. In general, these industries produce a relatively solid residue ranging in total solids concentration from 10 to 50% and a dilute liquid residue with an organic content (measured as COD or BOD) ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand mg/l. Due to the significant quantities of residues generated in each of the industries, it appears that the potential exists for generating a substantial quantity of energy. For a particular industry this quantity of energy can range from only one percent upwards to nearly thirty-five percent of the total processing energy required. The total processing energy required for the industries included in this study is approximately 2.5 quads per year. The potential energy which can be generated from these industrial residues will be 0.05 to 0.10 quads per year or approximately 2 to 4 percent of the total demand.

Ashare, E.; Leuschner, A.P.; West, C.E.; Langton, B.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

United States of Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in wildlife management from the University of New Hampshire in 1988. She joined the Intermountain Research Station in 1993 after working for the States of New Hampshire and Wyoming on projects involving wetlandUnited States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Intermountain Research Station General

394

What is Sustainable Agriculture?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

security, its midwives were not gov- ernment policy makers but small farmers, environmentalists model has degraded soil and water, reduced the biodiversity that is a key element to food security Photo courtesy USDA NRCS #12;Page 2 ATTRA Sustainable Agriculture: An Introduction on imported oil

Wang, Changlu

395

NOTES ON AGRICULTURE (I.)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...NOTES ON AGRICULTURE (I.) ELECTRO-HORTICULTURE. THE latest results drawn from experi-ments...Cornell University has tested electric lighting ex-tensively during the past few years...writes: "He used the term electro-horticulture to desig-nate this new application...

BYRON D. HALSTED

1895-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

396

NOTES ON AGRICULTURE (I.)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...AGRICULTURE (I.) ELECTRO-HORTICULTURE. THE latest results drawn...University has tested electric lighting ex-tensively during the...He used the term electro-horticulture to desig-nate this new...has a marked effect upon greenhouse plants," it being " benefi-cial...

BYRON D. HALSTED

1895-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

397

AGRICULTURAL REPORT FEBRUARY 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

trading framework. The largest GHG market in the world is the European Union-Emissions Trading Scheme' sulfur diox- ide (SO2) emissions trading program Greenhouse Gas Emissions Offsets from Agriculture and states have enacted policies individually or in cooperation to reduce GHG emissions through an emissions

398

Agriculture and Energy Departments Announce New Investments to Drive  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Agriculture and Energy Departments Announce New Investments to Agriculture and Energy Departments Announce New Investments to Drive Innovations in Biofuels and Biobased Products Agriculture and Energy Departments Announce New Investments to Drive Innovations in Biofuels and Biobased Products July 25, 2012 - 1:37pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - As part of the Obama Administration's all-of-the-above strategy to enhance U.S. energy security, reduce America's reliance on imported oil and leverage our domestic energy supply, while also supporting rural economies, the U.S. Departments of Agriculture (USDA) and Energy today announced a $41 million investment in 13 projects that will drive more efficient biofuels production and feedstock improvements. "If we want to develop affordable alternatives for oil and gasoline that

399

Agriculture and Energy Departments Announce New Investments to Drive  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Agriculture and Energy Departments Announce New Investments to Agriculture and Energy Departments Announce New Investments to Drive Innovations in Biofuels and Biobased Products Agriculture and Energy Departments Announce New Investments to Drive Innovations in Biofuels and Biobased Products July 25, 2012 - 1:37pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - As part of the Obama Administration's all-of-the-above strategy to enhance U.S. energy security, reduce America's reliance on imported oil and leverage our domestic energy supply, while also supporting rural economies, the U.S. Departments of Agriculture (USDA) and Energy today announced a $41 million investment in 13 projects that will drive more efficient biofuels production and feedstock improvements. "If we want to develop affordable alternatives for oil and gasoline that

400

College of Agriculture and Life Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Alumni Organization With a special presentation. Agricultural Research and Extension Center With updates from: Alan Grant, Dean, College of Agriculture and Life

Buehrer, R. Michael

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Enzymes with agriculture and biofuel applications | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Enzymes with agriculture and biofuel applications Enzymes with agriculture and biofuel applications Enzyme insights may help agriculture, biofuels Plant enzymes called Pols IV and...

402

Production  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Algae production R&D focuses on exploring resource use and availability, algal biomass development and improvements, characterizing algal biomass components, and the ecology and engineering of cultivation systems.

403

Agricultural and Resource Economics Update  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

innovation regarding alternative energy sources. A relatedin developing alternatives to oil as energy sources, it mayan energy crop and grow- ers most profitable alternative

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Agricultural and Resource Economics Update  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

advantage of biomass ethanol from energy crops compared toethanol. Energy Policy and Biomass Ethanol Productionbiomass ethanol can play an important role in supplying energy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Agricultural and Resource Economics Update  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

advantage of biomass ethanol from energy crops compared toethanol. Energy Policy and Biomass Ethanol Productionethanol can play an important role in supplying energy to

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Leveraging a spatio-temporal drought severity and coverage index with crop yield modelled as a stochastic process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An analysis of spatial and temporal variation of drought impact may offer an unbiased glimpse into factors that may dictate drought severity at an apt local scale. In this study drought indices, for example, drought severity and coverage index, ISC, and, a derived crop-based drought severity and coverage index, ISC,AG, were scaled down to county levels. Drought frequency analyses showed clear demarcation of counties in an observable dichotomy. This demarcation has significant implications on crop yield. This impact was analysed using USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS): a) county level yield; b) developed ISC values; c) Markovian process on transition of crop yield categories. From this study the immediate observation was: a) southwest counties, for example, are also susceptible to secondary effects due to drought; b) crops like corn are more susceptible to periodic wetness disturbance.

Navaratnam Leelaruban; Peter G. Oduor; Adnan Akyuz; Saleem Shaik; G. Padmanabhan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Child Labor in Texas Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Workers under age 18 involved in agriculture have a disproportionate rate of injury and death when compared to older workers. This publication explains potential risks to young agricultural workers as well as the laws designed to protect these under...

Smith, David

2005-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

408

Agricultural biotechnology and Indian newspapers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study is designed to look into how agricultural biotechnology is covered by Indian newspapers. A through study of the literature showed that agricultural biotechnology is a much debated topic and there is a vast difference between the concerns...

Sivakumar, Gayathri

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

409

Opportunities for Farmers in Biomass Feedstock Production  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Opportunities for Farmers in Biomass Feedstock Production Richard Hess Biomass 2014, Feedstocks Plenary July 29, 2014 Getting into the Biomass Business Crop Residue Removal; Farm...

410

Radiological considerations of phosphogypsum utilization in agriculture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The radiological concerns associated with phosphogypsum utilization in agriculture have been placed in perspective by considering the consequences of a hypothetical case involving heavy long term applications of phosphogypsum. In California, such a schedule might consist of an initial gypsum application of 10 tons/acre followed by alternate year applications of 5 tons/acre. If the radium content of the gypsum were 15 pCi/g and the till depth 6 inches, this schedule could be maintained for more than 100 years before the radium buildup in the soil would reach a proposed federal concentration limit of 5 pCi/g. An agricultural worker spending 40 h a week in a field containing 5 pCi/g of radium would be exposed to terrestrial radiation of about 7 ..mu..R/h above background. This exposure would result in an annual radiation dose of about 15 mrem, which is 3% of the recommended limit for an individual working in an uncontrolled area. Five pCi/g of radium in the soil could generate airborne radon daughter concentrations exceeding the concentration limit proposed for residential exposure. However, as residential exposure limits are predicated on 75% of continuous occupancy, these limits should not be applied to agricultural workers because of the seasonal nature of their work. Radium uptake by food crops grown in the hypothetical soil would result in a 50 year integrated dose to the bone surface of 1.4 rem. This dose is conservatively based on the assumption that an adult's total vegetable diet comes from this source and that consumption was continuous during the 50 year period.

Lindeken, C.L.

1980-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

411

Sponsorship includes: Agriculture in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sponsorship includes: · Agriculture in the Classroom · Douglas County Farm Bureau · Gifford Farm · University of Nebraska Agricultural Research and Development Center · University of Nebraska- Lincoln Awareness Coalition is to help youth, primarily from urban communities, become aware of agriculture

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

412

Royal Agricultural and Horticultural Society of South Australia | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Horticultural Society of South Australia and Horticultural Society of South Australia Jump to: navigation, search Name Royal Agricultural and Horticultural Society of South Australia Place South Australia, Australia Zip SA 5034 Sector Buildings, Solar Product South-Australia-based agricultural and horticultural society. The society is installing 1MW solar power systems on six separate buildings. References Royal Agricultural and Horticultural Society of South Australia[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Royal Agricultural and Horticultural Society of South Australia is a company located in South Australia, Australia . References ↑ "Royal Agricultural and Horticultural Society of South

413

Ancient and Modern Agriculture.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

those based u p o n t h e identical plan t h a t I Moses had. 1 B e f o r e t h e farmers succeed, t h e y m u s t I follow "Book-Farming," and get their com- m a n d s and examples f r o m t h e oldest record o f man,-the BIBLE.... With proper ware- ;e facilities for cotton and elevators for wheat, and a sales organization, ; maintained by the fruit growers of California, the net profits from e two crops may be greatly increased-. taug pros be d These Biblical references...

Short, A. K.

1923-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Consolidated Bio-Processing of Cellulosic Biomass for Efficient Biofuel Production Using Yeast Consortium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variation in corn stover composition and energy content withi) energy crops grown for fuel production (corn, sugarcane,

Goyal, Garima

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Extension Service Agricultural Experiment Station  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ketchum. #12;OSU canola study informs policy makers amid debate among seed growers ODA asks OSU to see if canola can grow in Willamette Valley without pollinating other crops Adispute is brewing in the Willamette Valley. Grass-seed farm ers want to grow canola, a rotation crop that can be turned into food

Tullos, Desiree

416

Texas Crop Profile: Sweet Potatoes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is between 120 to 135 days. Texas Crop Profile S W E E T P O T A T O E S E-22 3-00 Prepared by Rodney L. Holloway, Kent D. Hall and Dudley T. Smith 1 In collaboration with James V. Robinson, George Philley and Marvin Baker 2 1 Extension Specialist, Extension... Command will not. Rodney L. Holloway Extension Specialist 2488 TAMU College Station, Texas 77843-2488 979-845-3849 rholloway@tamu.edu Kent D. Hall Extension Associate 2488 TAMU College Station, Texas 77843-2488 979-845-3849 kd-hall@tamu.edu Dudley Smith...

Hall, Kent D.; Holloway, Rodney L.; Smith, Dudley

2000-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

417

RUTGERS COOPERATIVE EXTENSION NEW JERSEY AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the inception of the practice there were questions about how land application of collected leaves would impact soil quality and crop production. The agronomic, environmental and economic aspects of land application be spread on land within 7 days of delivery to the farm. The application rate must not be greater than

Goodman, Robert M.

418

FIELD AND FORAGE CROPS Bioenergy Crops Miscanthus giganteus and Panicum virgatum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for petroleum-based energy (Mil- liken et al. 2007). Cultivating these biofuel crops species, it is likely that biofuel crops, as grown for ?eld cultivation, will suffer reduced damage from of these biofuel crops are new to large-scale cultivation, it is unknown what interactions between current insect

DeLucia, Evan H.

419

Returning to Our Roots: Making Plant Biology Research Relevant to Future Challenges in Agriculture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...is typically the single largest energy input for crop production, and...increasingly expensive due to escalating energy costs and thus is less affordable...matter of balance: Conservation and renewable energy. J. Soil Water Conserv. 61...

Steven J. Rothstein

2007-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

420

Global Economic Effects of Changes in Crops, Pasture, and Forests due to Changing Climate, Carbon Dioxide, and Ozone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multiple environmental changes will have consequences for global vegetation. To the extent that crop yields and pasture and forest productivity are affected there can be important economic consequences. We examine the ...

Reilly, John M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

tall tower facility and instrumentation New coNstraiNts oN the Nitrous oxide budget of agricultural ecosystems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

thick. The FAO classification is Chernozem. The field site has been under cultivation for the past 125. The tall tower source footprint is dominated by agricultural land use. The domi- nant crop types include measured at 100 m using a three dimensional sonic anemometer- thermometer for computation of energy, water

Minnesota, University of

422

Review and analysis of parameters for assessing transport of environmentally released radionuclides through agriculture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Most of the default parameters incorporated into the TERRA computer code are documented including a literature review and systematic analysis of element-specific transfer parameters B/sub v/, B/sub r/, F/sub m/, F/sub f/, and K/sub d/. This review and analysis suggests default values which are consistent with the modeling approaches taken in TERRA and may be acceptable for most assessment applications of the computer code. However, particular applications of the code and additional analysis of elemental transport may require alternative default values. Use of the values reported herein in other computer codes simulating terrestrial transport is not advised without careful interpretation of the limitations and scope these analyses. An approach to determination of vegetation-specific interception fractions is also discussed. The limitations of this approach are many, and its use indicates the need for analysis of deposition, interception, and weathering processes. Judgement must be exercised in interpretation of plant surface concentrations generated. Finally, the location-specific agricultural, climatological, and population parameters in the default SITE data base documented. These parameters are intended as alternatives to average values currently used. Indeed, areas in the United States where intensive crop, milk, or beef production occurs will be reflected in the parameter values as will areas where little agricultural activity occurs. However, the original information sources contained some small error and the interpolation and conversion methods used will add more. Parameters used in TERRA not discussed herein are discussed in the companion report to this one - ORNL-5785. In the companion report the models employed in and the coding of TERRA are discussed. These reports together provide documentation of the TERRA code and its use in assessments. 96 references, 78 figures, 21 tables.

Baes, C.F. III; Sharp, R.D.; Sjoreen, A.L.; Shor, R.W.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Fuel Gas Production from Organic Wastes by Low Capital Cost Batch Digestion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The technical background is reviewed on energy recovery from biomass--i.e., all organic wastes, especially municipal solid wastes, but also including agricultural residues and crops grown specifically for ener...

Donald L. Wise; Alfred P. Leuschner

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Weekly Weather and Crop Bulletin | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Weekly Weather and Crop Bulletin Weekly Weather and Crop Bulletin Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Weekly Weather and Crop Bulletin Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Agriculture, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: GHG inventory, Resource assessment Resource Type: Maps Website: usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/MannUsda/viewDocumentInfo.do?documentID=1393 UN Region: Central Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, "Pacific" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Latin America and Caribbean" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Western Asia & North Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., Northern America, "South Asia" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Western & Eastern Europe" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

425

Commercialization of Genetically Engineered Crops  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1993 research-article Commercialization of Genetically Engineered...patent protection of the processes and final products provide...world's food supply. Commercialization of genetically engineered...patent protection of the processes and final products provide...

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

United States Department of Agriculture  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service 4700 River Road Riverdale, MD 20737 Permit to Receive Soil Regulated by 7 CFR 330 This permit was...

427

ERI: Environmental risk index. A simple proposal to select agrochemicals for agricultural use  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Agricultural production must respond to high-quality and improved environmental requirements. To choose adequate pest control strategies, it is necessary that there is knowledge to enable management of many agrochemicals parameters that offer sufficient information to take correct decisions. However, information about leaching, persistence, chronic and acute toxicology parameters, bioconcentration and others are hard to perform and analyze for persons without knowledge related with agrochemicals. The Environmental Risk Index (ERI) reported here permits the usage of available parameters of each different agrochemical. These include persistence (DT50), leaching, volatility, octanol-water coefficient (Kow), reference dose (Rfd), lethal dose (LD50) for non-target organism (mammals, birds, aquatic animals and insects). These can be compared in a simple way for many agrochemicals and ranked according to environmental risk. To assess the use of this index, ERI values were calculated for several agrochemicals used in USA and Europe and related to their detection in ground and surface water. These showed good correlations. This result allows consideration of the ERI as a useful screening tool to incorporate the environment into local or regional regulations and change criteria for individual agrochemical use according to soil, weather or crop management condition.

C. Alister; M. Kogan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Greenhouse gas mitigation in agriculture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...dung and dedicated energy crops). The economic mitigation potential of biomass...soils and potential mitigation practices in eastern...international bio-energy trade chains. Biomass...regional potential of renewable energy sources. PhD thesis...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Using a Crop Model to Account for the Effects of Local Factors on the LCA of Sugar Beet Ethanol in Picardy region, France  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Using a Crop Model to Account for the Effects of Local Factors on the LCA of Sugar Beet Ethanol.bessou@cirad.fr Key words: Biofuel, Ethanol, Sugar Beet, Local LCA, Greenhouse Gases, Agricultural Practices, Process inventory data. Here, we suggest that the best option to maximize the accuracy of biofuel LCA is to produce

430

Using a Crop Model to Account for the Effects of Local Factors on the LCA of Sugar Beet Ethanol in Picardy region, France  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Using a Crop Model to Account for the Effects of Local Factors on the LCA of Sugar Beet Ethanol.bessou@cirad.fr Key words: Biofuel, Ethanol, Sugar Beet, Local LCA, Greenhouse Gases, Agricultural Practices, Process. Here, we suggest that the best option to maximize the accuracy of biofuel LCA is to produce local

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

431

ABSTRACT: Bioenergy Harvesting Technologies to Supply Crop Residues...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ABSTRACT: Bioenergy Harvesting Technologies to Supply Crop Residues In a Densified Large Square Bale Format ABSTRACT: Bioenergy Harvesting Technologies to Supply Crop Residues In a...

432

Recent Agricultural Ergonomics Research at UC Davis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 Recent Agricultural Ergonomics Research at UC Davis Fadi Fathallah Biological and Agricultural Engineering UC Agricultural Ergonomics Research Center Western Center for Agricultural Health and Safety WCAHS Seminar, December 5, 2011 Recent Agricultural Ergonomics Research at UC Davis Fadi Fathallah

Nguyen, Danh

433

AGRICULTURE, 2002 Current Wisconsin Farm Financial Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2002 Current Wisconsin Farm Financial Conditions Situation of the Wisconsin Cranberry Industry Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics College of Agricultural-Extension #12;STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2002 An Annual Report by: Department of Agricultural and Applied

Radeloff, Volker C.

434

Cole Museum/AMS New Agriculture Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cole Museum/AMS New Agriculture Building Whiteknights Hall Windsor Hall Students Union Shop IMA 3rd House Annexe 59 Agricultural and Food Economics D8 Agriculture, Policy & Development 59 Agriculture D8 Agriculture, Policy & Development 48 Allen Laboratory D5 The Allen Laboratory 41 Alumni Office D4 Whiteknights

Chandler-Wilde, Simon N.

435

Agricultural Mitigation and Offsets: Policy Issues, Progress  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

emissions reductions from GHG emissions reductions policies; AND WE should incentivize agriculture.S. Agriculture in Climate Change Mitigation: Agriculture is both a source of GHG, and a sink (GHG reservoir) As a source of GHG, agriculture contributes approximately 7% of US GHG emissions* ­ mostly from small, diffuse

436

The Adoption of Smallholder Rubber Production by Shifting Cultivators in Northern Laos: A Village Case Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rubber smallholdings are being established by shifting cultivators ... particular, from shifting cultivation to tree crop production. This study examines the economics of smallholder rubber production in an estab...

Vongpaphane Manivong; R. A. Cramb

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Memorandum of Understanding Between the Department of Agriculture and the  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Memorandum of Understanding Between the Department of Agriculture Memorandum of Understanding Between the Department of Agriculture and the Department of Energy and the National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China on Cooperation in the Development of Biofuels Memorandum of Understanding Between the Department of Agriculture and the Department of Energy and the National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China on Cooperation in the Development of Biofuels This is the text of the Memorandum of Understanding between the U.S. Departments of Agriculture and Energy and the National Department and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China. It outlines an agreement between the two countries to share information and promote the production of biomass technologies and biofuel development.

438

Memorandum of Understanding Between the Department of Agriculture and the  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Department of Agriculture Department of Agriculture and the Department of Energy and the National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China on Cooperation in the Development of Biofuels Memorandum of Understanding Between the Department of Agriculture and the Department of Energy and the National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China on Cooperation in the Development of Biofuels This is the text of the Memorandum of Understanding between the U.S. Departments of Agriculture and Energy and the National Department and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China. It outlines an agreement between the two countries to share information and promote the production of biomass technologies and biofuel development. chinamou.pdf

439

Slide 1 of 19NCA -Agriculture with a California Focus Agriculture with a California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Slide 1 of 19NCA - Agriculture with a California Focus Agriculture with a California Focus (NCA 2013 #12;Slide 2 of 19NCA - Agriculture with a California Focus Authors of Chapter 6: Agriculture of Agriculture #12;Slide 3 of 19NCA - Agriculture with a California Focus Outline · 6 key messages (nationwide

Grotjahn, Richard

440

2012-2013 Series College of Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2012-2013 Series College of Agriculture and School of Human Environmental Sciences University about the accreditation of University of Kentucky. AgriculturalBiotechnology Agriculturalbiotechnologyencompassescellularandmolecularapproaches to the manipulation and improvement of agricultural plants, animals and microorganisms

Hayes, Jane E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

The concept of a sustainable agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The concept of a sustainable agriculture varies much with writers: some see it as the preservation of agricultural resources or as the reduction of agricultural contamination of the environment or both. Other authors focus on economic viability...

Kriewaldt, David Mark

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

442

Modeling Sustainable Agricultural Residue Removal at the Subfield Scale  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study developed a computational strategy that utilizes data inputs from multiple spatial scales to investigate how variability within individual fields can impact sustainable residue removal for bioenergy production. Sustainable use of agricultural residues for bioenergy production requires consideration of the important role that residues play in limiting soil erosion and maintaining soil C, health, and productivity. Increased availability of subfield-scale data sets such as grain yield data, high-fidelity digital elevation models, and soil characteristic data provides an opportunity to investigate the impacts of subfield-scale variability on sustainable agricultural residue removal. Using three representative fields in Iowa, this study contrasted the results of current NRCS conservation management planning analysis with subfield-scale analysis for rake-and-bale removal of agricultural residue. The results of the comparison show that the field-average assumptions used in NRCS conservation management planning may lead to unsustainable residue removal decisions for significant portions of some fields. This highlights the need for additional research on subfield-scale sustainable agricultural residue removal including the development of real-time variable removal technologies for agricultural residue.

Muth, D.J.; McCorkle, D.S.; Koch, J.B.; Bryden, K.M.

2012-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

443

Crop Water Requirement and Water Use Efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water use efficiency is defined as ratio of yield to irrigation water requirement (De Pascale and Maggio 2005) WUE=yield/irrigation water requirement (kg crop/m3 irrigation water) ...

Christian von Zabeltitz

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Mycotoxins in Feed and Food Crops.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

" , , ,., ":i: : ?. MYCOTOXINS IN FEED fu~D FOOD CROPS Prepared by James M. Armstrong, Extension Project Leader in Veterinary Medicine and Veterinarian (Livestock Health) John E. Bremer, Extension Agronomist Dennis B. Herd, Extension Beef Cattle...

Armstrong, James M.; Herb, Dennis B.; Bremer, John E.; Horne, C. Wendell; Thomas, William B.; Thornberry, Fred D.; Tripp, Leland D.; White, Thomas H.; Withers, Richard E.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Sugar crops as a solar energy converter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biomass crops are renewable resources with multiple uses that can benefit mankind1. Current attention centers on replacement of petroleum as a principal source of energy for transportation applications. Fuels for...

E. S. Lipinsky; S. Kresovich

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Cross-Contamination of Crops in Horticulture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Like cross-contamination, coexistence is not new to horticulture. However, the advent of GM crops ... very far, whereas canola-rapeseed pollen is light and can travel long distances. There is...

Prof. Dane Scott

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Potential Yield Mapping of Dedicated Energy Crops  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Breakout Session 1BIntegration of Supply Chains I: Breaking Down Barriers Potential Yield Mapping of Dedicated Energy Crops Chris Daly, Director, PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University

448

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development Biofuel production technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

...................................... 17 4.2 Net energy balances ..................................................... 6 4. United States corn-ethanol production and fraction of corn crop devoted to ethanol . 7 5. Sugar

449

Can feedstock production for biofuels be sustainable in California?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sustainability standards for bio- fuel production (van Damsustainable use of crops for bio- fuels will depend on ever-for bio- nitrogen fertilizer from soils at greater fuel.

Kaffka, Stephen R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Kentucky Department of Agriculture | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of Agriculture Kentucky Department of Agriculture At the August 7, 2008 quarterly joint Web conference of DOE's Biomass and Clean Cities programs, Wilbur Frye (Office of Consumer...

451

Growth Through Agriculture (GTA) Program (Montana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Agriculture Development Council is tasked with enhancing the future development of agriculture in Montana through establishing policies and priorities, and awarding loans or grants that have a...

452

Press Conference Call Tomorrow: Agriculture Secretary Vilsack...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Agriculture Secretary Vilsack and Energy Secretary Chu to Discuss Efforts to Reduce U.S. Oil Dependence Press Conference Call Tomorrow: Agriculture Secretary Vilsack and Energy...

453

GPU video retargeting with parallelized SeamCrop  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a fast parallel algorithm for the retargeting of videos. It combines seam carving and cropping and is aimed for real-time adaptation of video streams. The basic idea is to first find an optimal cropping path over the whole sequence ... Keywords: GPU, SeamCrop, cropping, seam carving, video resizing, video retargeting

Johannes Kiess; Daniel Gritzner; Benjamin Guthier; Stephan Kopf; Wolfgang Effelsberg

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

AgriculturAl Economics http://agrecon.mcgill.ca  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AgriculturAl Economics http://agrecon.mcgill.ca M.Sc. (Thesis) AnAtomy And cEll Biology www.medicine.mcgill.ca AnimAl sciEncE www.mcgill.ca/animal M.Sc. (Thesis; Applied) Ph.D. (Thesis) Anthropology www.mcgill.ca.A. (Special with research paper) M.A. in Medical Anthropology (Thesis) Ph.D. (Thesis) ArchitEcturE www.mcgill.ca

Barthelat, Francois

455

Crops for a Salinized World  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...including Pakistan, India, Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco...tolerate salinity require energy and therefore might...for animals, but also renewable energy (biofuel and biodiesel...traditional raw materials for energy productionoil...

Jelte Rozema; Timothy Flowers

2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

456

THE ELECTRON MICROSCOPY OF HYDROCARBON PRODUCTION IN PARTHENIUM ARGENTATUM (GUAYULE)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in later stages of rubber production will be pre- sentedhas embarked on a rubber production effort designed to useas a crop are its high rubber production~~up to 26% of its

Bauer, T.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Agriculture USA  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Clean Agriculture USA Clean Agriculture USA to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Agriculture USA on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Agriculture USA on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Agriculture USA on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Agriculture USA on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Agriculture USA on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Agriculture USA on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Clean Agriculture USA Clean Agriculture USA is a voluntary program that promotes the reduction of diesel exhaust emissions from agricultural equipment and vehicles by encouraging proper operations and maintenance by farmers, ranchers, and

458

Salinity Control in Irrigation Agriculture.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

management pra TEST - DON'T GUESS. : .: Apply water uniformly by using a properly designed irrigation system and by leveling where necc Apply enough water for the crop plus enough to keep salt leached to a satisfactory level. A preplant irrigation may... be desirable. Irrigate more often than necessary under non-saline conditions. Provide adequate drainage. The free water table should be at least 5 to 6 feet below the SI Select crops tolerant to your salt conditions. Plant good seed under optimum moisture...

Longenecker, Donald E.; Lyerly, Paul J.

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Agricultural Carbon Mitigation in Europe  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Agricultural Carbon Mitigation in Europe Agricultural Carbon Mitigation in Europe Agricultural Carbon Mitigation in Europe Smith P, Powlson DS, Smith JU, Falloon P, and Coleman K. 2000. Meeting Europe's climate change commitments: Quantitative estimates of the potential for carbon mitigation by agriculture. Global Climate Change 6:525-539. Abstract Under the Kyoto Protocol, the European Union is committed to a reduction in CO2 emissions to 92% of baseline (1990) levels during the first commitment period (2008-2012). The Kyoto Protocol allows carbon emissions to be offset by demonstrable removal of carbon from the atmosphere. Thus, land-use / land-management change and forestry activities that are shown to reduce atmospheric CO2 levels can be included in the Kyoto targets. These activities include afforestation, reforestation and deforestation (article

460

Early agriculture and crop transmission among Bronze Age mobile pastoralists of Central Eurasia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...middle second millennium BC, seasonal camps in the mountains and deserts illustrate...lifeways and settled farming has shaped centuries of history and prehistoric research in...pastoralists clearly had access to grains centuries earlier, our data show that mobile herders...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

E-Print Network 3.0 - agricultural crops grown Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to all, regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, o Summary: of soil organic matter generally mean...

462

E-Print Network 3.0 - agricultural crops uranium Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Environmental Sciences and Ecology 12 Mathematical Geology, Vol. 33, No. 1, 2001 Modeling Uranium Transport in Koongarra, Summary: Mathematical Geology, Vol. 33, No. 1, 2001...

463

Solar Radiation Resources Applications in Agriculture Based on GIS in Ningxia YanChi  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to exploit solar energy resources, and improve agricultural production and, this paper make a analyses and calculation about the distribution of direct solar radiation in in Yanchi country of Ningxia by using the geographic information system(ViewGIS3.0). ... Keywords: direct solar radiation, agricultural meteorological, GIS, distribution pattern, YanChi

Wang ZhenHua; Yang JianYing

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Multiplex detection of agricultural pathogens  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Described are kits and methods useful for detection of seven agricultural pathogens (BPSV; BHV; BVD; FMDV; BTV; SVD; and VESV) in a sample. Genomic sequence information from 7 agricultural pathogens was analyzed to identify signature sequences, e.g., polynucleotide sequences useful for confirming the presence or absence of a pathogen in a sample. Primer and probe sets were designed and optimized for use in a PCR based, multiplexed Luminex assay to successfully identify the presence or absence of pathogens in a sample.

McBride, Mary Teresa (Brentwood, CA); Slezak, Thomas Richard (Livermore, CA); Messenger, Sharon Lee (Kensington, CA)

2010-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

465

Estimating production functions with damage control inputs: an application to Korean vegetable production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis focuses on the use of chemicals for pest control in Korean cucumber production. The empirical issue addressed is whether estimating crop production functions consistent with the economic theory of damage control inputs makes significant...

Park, Pil Ja

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

crop science, vol. 51, septemberoctober 2011 Along-term challenge faced by upland cotton (Gossypium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

crop science, vol. 51, september­october 2011 ReseaRch Along-term challenge faced by upland cotton by a fundamental shift in the cotton fiber market from a primarily domestically con- sumed product to one in which nearly two-thirds of the U.S. cot- ton is now exported. Since the international cotton fiber market

Chee, Peng W.

467

1900 CROP SCIENCE, VOL. 44, NOVEMBERDECEMBER 2004 Reducing the Genetic Vulnerability of Cotton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1900 CROP SCIENCE, VOL. 44, NOVEMBER­DECEMBER 2004 Reducing the Genetic Vulnerability of Cotton. Lloyd May, and C. Wayne Smith change in cotton yields has steadily declined since 1985. The u.s. cotton (Gossypium spp.) production system By 1998, absolute cotton yields (not just the rate ofexemplifies

Chee, Peng W.

468

AGRICULTURAL WINTER 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

greenhouse growers be more productive by using good lighting principles, MAES horticulture sci- entist Erik compiled into a book on greenhouse light- ing, Lighting Up Profits: Understanding Greenhouse Lighting bullying and determine how it affects them. By manipulating the amount of light that plants receive

469

The outlook for crops (and biofuels and policy and...)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Jarrett Whistance Jarrett Whistance EIA Biofuels Workshop 20 March 2013  Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute at the University of Missouri (FAPRI-MU)  Objective policy analysis  Focus on how policies affect decisions, then estimate market impacts  Recently released annual baseline  10-year projection of agricultural and biofuel markets  Stochastic process to account for different assumptions in oil price, weather patterns, etc.  Cellulosic model basics  Key assumptions in the biofuel model  Focus on cellulosic waiver options  Implications of cellulosic waiver options  A look at the 2013 Baseline results  Cellulosic biofuel production based on supply of five feedstocks:  Warm-season grasses; Wheat straw; Corn stover;

470

Agriculture's Hold on the Commonwealth Food Marketing and Lumber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agriculture's Hold on the Commonwealth 43 Food Marketing and Lumber Processing in Massachusetts, University of Massachusetts Amherst #12;Food Marketing and Lumber Processing in Massachusetts, 1958 to1997 44 marketing chain) because processing is directly linked to primary production, the topic of our first white

Schweik, Charles M.

471

CropIrri: A DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR CROP IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: A field crop irrigation management decision-making system (CropIrri) was developed based on the soil water management model. The irrigation plan is made through predicating of soil water content in root zone-sowing and real-time irrigation management decision-making support, simulation of soil water dynamics in the root

472

The Potential for Pennsylvania Crops as Biofuels Higher energy costs over the past few years have created opportunities for the use of crops and crop residues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Potential for Pennsylvania Crops as Biofuels Higher energy costs over the past few years have Potential for Pennsylvania Crops as Biofuels 2 Soybeans Soybean acreage is on the increase in Pennsylvania

Lee, Dongwon

473

Applying consequential LCA to support energy policy: Land use change effects of bioenergy production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Luxembourg aims at complying with the EU objective of attaining a 14% use of bioenergy in the national grid by 2020. The increase of biomethane production from energy crops could be a valuable option in achieving this objective. However, the overall environmental benefit of such option is yet to be proven. Consequential Life Cycle Assessment (CLCA) has shown to be a useful tool to evaluate the environmental suitability of future energy scenarios and policies. The objective of this study was, therefore, to evaluate the environmental consequences of modifying the Luxembourgish agricultural system to increase maize production for biomethane generation. A total of 10 different scenarios were modelled using a partial equilibrium (PE) model to identify changes in land cultivation based on farmers' revenue maximisation, which were then compared to the baseline scenario, i.e. the state of the agricultural sector in 2009. The results were divided into three different consequential decision contexts, presenting differing patterns in terms of land use changes (LUCs) but with minor shifts in environmental impacts. Nevertheless, energy from maize production would imply substantially higher environmental impacts when compared with the current use of natural gas, mainly due to increases in climate change and agricultural land occupation impacts. The results are discussed based on the consequences they may generate on the bioenergy policy, the management of arable land, the changes in importexport flows in Luxembourg and \\{LUCs\\} in the domestic agricultural system. In addition, the specific PE+LCA method presented intends to be of use for other regional studies in which a high level of site-specific data is available.

Ian Vzquez-Rowe; Antonino Marvuglia; Sameer Rege; Enrico Benetto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

2012-2013 Series College of Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2012-2013 Series College of Agriculture and School of Human Environmental Sciences University about the accreditation of University of Kentucky. AgriculturalEconomics The Agricultural Economics for agriculture and rural America and environmental economics. These career opportunities may be found in both

Hayes, Jane E.

475

The Value Chain of Colorado Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Value Chain of Colorado Agriculture Gregory Graff, Ryan Mortenson, Rebecca Goldbach, Dawn of Agricultural and Resource Economics, College of Agricultural Sciences, and the Office of Engagement Colorado by support from the Colorado Department of Agriculture and the Colorado State University Office of Engagement

476

"Celebrate Agriculture" 8:30 Registration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"Celebrate Agriculture" 8:30 Registration 9:00 ­ 9:05 Welcome Waded Cruzado, Montana State University President 9:05 ­ 9:25 Montana and U.S. Agriculture Outlook George Haynes, Agriculture Policy Specialist Department of Agricultural Economics & Economics 9:30 ­ 9:50 Cattle Cycles Gary Brester, Professor

Maxwell, Bruce D.

477

Deproletarianizing Agriculture Lemmens, P.C.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deproletarianizing Agriculture Lemmens, P.C. ISDA 2010, Montpellier, June 28-30, 2010 1 DEPROLETARIANIZING AGRICULTURE RECOVERING AGRICULTURE FROM AGRIBUSINESS AND THE NEED FOR A COMMONS-BASED, OPEN SOURCE AGRICULTURE Dr. Pieter LEMMENS Wageningen University Centre for Methodical Ethics and Technology Assessment

Boyer, Edmond

478

RULES AND REGULATIONS Title 7--AGRICULTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RULES AND REGULATIONS Title 7--AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE [7 PA. CODE CH. 130b] Nutrient Management Certification [35 Pa.B. 6504] The Department of Agriculture (Department), under section 7(a or the Senate or House Agricultural and Rural Affairs Committees regarding the proposed rulemaking

Guiltinan, Mark

479

The Value Chain of Colorado Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Value Chain of Colorado Agriculture Gregory Graff, Ryan Mortenson, Rebecca Goldbach, Dawn of Agricultural and Resource Economics, College of Agricultural Sciences, and the Office of Engagement Colorado the Colorado Department of Agriculture and the Colorado State University Office of Engagement. The authors

Stephens, Graeme L.

480

Agriculture Club Compiled by Christopher Hives (2000)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agriculture Club fonds Compiled by Christopher Hives (2000) Revised April 2010 University;Fonds Description Agriculture Club fonds. ­ 1928-1935. 1 volume. Administrative History Established in 1928/29, the Agriculture Club succeeded the Agricultural Discussion Club and the Livestock Club

Handy, Todd C.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "agricultural crop production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Statistical Review of California's Organic Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statistical Review of California's Organic Agriculture 2005 ­ 2009 Karen Klonsky Kurt Richter Agricultural Issues Center University of California March 2011 #12;Statistical Review of California's Organic Agriculture 2005 ­ 2009 Karen Klonsky Extension Specialist Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics

Ferrara, Katherine W.

482

Identity Preservation of Agricultural Commodities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

oil corn, require IP programs to channel these com- modities to specific markets to capture the added in the mar- ketplace in order to receive premium prices. The introduction of crops developed using at each step, including testing and auditing points. Process Seed Testing Field history Field isolation

Bradford, Kent

483

Abstract People in developing countries mostly depend for their diet on special staple crops, so called orphan crops. These crops play a key role in food secu-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, including proven food or energy value and that the plant has been widely cultivated in the past83 Abstract People in developing countries mostly depend for their diet on special staple crops, so called orphan crops. These crops play a key role in food secu- rity since they are grown by many resource

Kuhlemeier, Cris

484

Water on Crop Biomass and Soil Permeability FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Irrigating with Treated Oil and Gas Product Irrigating with Treated Oil and Gas Product Water on Crop Biomass and Soil Permeability FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT Prepared By Terry Brown, Jeffrey Morris, Patrick Richards and Joel Mason Western Research Institute October 1, 2008 to September 1, 2010 DOE Award Number: DE-NT0005681 Report Issued December, 2010 Western Research Institute 365 N 9 th Street Laramie WY 82072 ii DOE DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government, nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus,

485

College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Civic Agriculture and Food Systems Minor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Civic Agriculture and Food Systems Minor The proposed Civic Agriculture and Food Systems (CAFS) minor within the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences agriculture and food system that relies on local resources and serves local markets and citizens. The minor

Virginia Tech

486

COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND LIFE SCIENCES CHECKSHEET for a MINOR in INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL AND LIFE SCIENCES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND LIFE SCIENCES CHECKSHEET for a MINOR in INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL AND LIFE SCIENCES Offered by Academic Programs in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Effective for Students Graduating 2015 The minor in International Agricultural and Life Sciences focuses on agricultural

Liskiewicz, Maciej

487

for a Minor in International Agriculture Academic Programs in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Checksheet for a Minor in International Agriculture Academic Programs in the College of Agriculture number: __________________ The minor in International Agriculture focuses on agricultural issues, and illiteracy, as well as the role of agriculture in finding solutions to alleviate these problems. The minor

Liskiewicz, Maciej

488

Minor in Agricultural Systems Management The Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minor in Agricultural Systems Management Offered by The Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering College of Agriculture and Life Sciences The minor in Agricultural Systems Management is available systems management. The courses listed below constitute the 18 hours required for a minor in Agricultural

489

At the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) in Alnarp, knowledge of how scents govern the behaviour of insects has created  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

technology, buildings and crops in order to meet the new generation of producers of food,energy quality, as well as the planning and design of rural buildings, are other areas of interest. Research, the rehabilitation garden and a range of beautiful buildings.Alnarp castle, which was completed for the agricultural

490

E-Print Network 3.0 - activity roa spectra Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

agriculture (RIA) systems... : Mean annual crop production in rain-fed + irrigation (RIA) and rain-fed only (ROA) agriculture systems... test for per capita yield income of...

491

Top Crop Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Crop Wind Farm Crop Wind Farm Facility Top Crop Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Horizon-EDPR Developer Horizon-EDPR Location Grundy/Livingston/La Salle Counties IL Coordinates 41.159826°, -88.637381° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.159826,"lon":-88.637381,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

492

Three Essays on Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation in Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

regionally detailed dynamic land allocation model is developed and applied for studying interrelationships between limited natural resources (e.g. land and groundwater), climate change, bioenergy demands and agricultural production. We find out...

Wang, Wei Wei

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

493

Causes, Magnitude and Consequences of Price Variability in Agricultural Commodity Market: An African Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ unbridled population growth, oil price fluctuations, importation policies, water availability and political market, hunger, undernourishment in Africa, food productivity, population growth, oil price, importation1 Causes, Magnitude and Consequences of Price Variability in Agricultural Commodity Market

494

E-Print Network 3.0 - agricultural impact statement Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

-Keith E. Masser is ChairmanCEO of Sterman Masser, Inc. in Sacramento, Summary: Potato Products facility. Keith is a graduate of Penn State with a B.S. in Agricultural...

495

Unsound science? Transatlantic regulatory disputes over GM crops  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the risk debate over genetically modified (GM) crops, Europe's regulatory delays have often been branded as ''political'', i.e. not based on science. Yet the US slogan ''sound science'' tends to conceal value-laden features of safety claims, their weak scientific basis, their normative framing and their socio-political influences. By contrast a ''precautionary approach'' can more readily identify scientific unknowns to be investigated, while acknowledging the agricultural-environmental values which inform risk assessment. These issues underlie transatlantic regulatory disputes over insect-protected Bt maize. In both the USA and Europe, public protest has stimulated risk-assessment research on broader cause-effect pathways, as well as more stringent regulation. For harm to non-target insects, however, new evidence of risk has been disparaged as unsound. It has been criticized on various grounds, which could apply just as well to evidence of safety; thus double standards have served to protect safety claims. And non-target harm is deemed acceptable through unsubstantiated comparisons to agrochemical usage. In these ways, ''sound science'' operates as an ideology, pre-empting debate on the framing of scientific uncertainty. The real choice is not between ''science versus politics'', but rather between ways of linking them.

Les Levidow; Susan Carr

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Comparison of Production Costs and Resource Use for Organic and Conventional Production Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Comparison of Production Costs and Resource Use for Organic and Conventional Production Systems Karen Klonsky1 The USDA established the National Organic Program (NOP) to develop national standards for organically produced agricultural products and establish an organic certification program

Ferrara, Katherine W.

497

Non-Traditional Soil Additives: Can They Improve Crop Production?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-traditional soil additives include soil conditioners such as organic materials and minerals, soil activators that claim to stimulate soil microbes or inoculate soil with new beneficial organisms, and wetting agents that may be marketed...

McFarland, Mark L.; Stichler, Charles; Lemon, Robert G.

2002-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

498

Agroecological zones and the assessment of crop production potential  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...where the effects of sustainability must be viewed on...years, and the main pillars on which such sustainability rests are the replenishment...the concern about sustainability is not, as it is...in the future, three points of view should...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Nutrient resources for crop production in the tropics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...restitution, fallowing, or green manuring. The positive...The primary effect of lime is to reduce the free...H. 1989 Phosphate minerals. In Minerals in soil en ironments...E. 1991 Phosphorus lime interaction in a strongly...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Microbial Diversity-Based Novel Crop Protection Products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

km exclusion zone in Chernobyl (ChEZ), Ukraine. Over the ysites in the USA, the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone surroundingkm Exclusion Zone in Chernobyl, Ukraine. These environmen

Yalpani, Ronald Flannagan, Rafael Herrmann, James Presnail, Tamas Torok, and Nasser

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z