Snow, Alicia Carleen
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Relationship aggression has received increasing attention over the past decade. National violence surveys have indicated that nearly 1.6 million women in the United states are beaten by their male partners each year. Rates of aggression by women...
Personality Predictors of Aggression
Godbee, Katrina Joy
2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z
This research study will investigate if specific personality characteristics predict physical or verbal aggression in an individual. It is significant because it uses common personality traits to predict excessive aggressive behavior. Schools could...
Snow, Alicia Carleen
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
by: Dou as K. Snyd r (Chair of Committee) arga et P. orris (Member) Arthur R ach (Member) Paul Wellman (Head of Department) May 1995 Major Subject: Psychology ABSTRACT Measuring Spouse Aggression. (May 1995) Alicia Carleen Snow, B. S.... , Texas A&M University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Douglas K. Snyder Relationship aggression has received increasing attention over the past decade. National violence surveys have indicated that nearly 1. 6 million women in the United states...
Relational Aggression and Disordered Eating
Prohaska, Jennifer A.
2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z
Previous studies have investigated the link between aggression and disordered eating behavior. This study investigated the behavioral and psychological links between disordered eating and relational aggression in a female college-age population. I...
Timing analysis of logic=level digital circuits using uncertainty intervals
Bell, Joshua Asher
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Timing Analysis of Logic-Level Digital Circuits Using Competitive design of modem digital circuits requires high performance at reduced cost and time-to-market. Timing analysis is increasingly used to deal with the more aggressive timing constraints...
Timing analysis of logic=level digital circuits using uncertainty intervals
Bell, Joshua Asher
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Timing Analysis of Logic-Level Digital Circuits Using Competitive design of modem digital circuits requires high performance at reduced cost and time-to-market. Timing analysis is increasingly used to deal with the more aggressive timing constraints...
DOE Continues Aggressive Energy Efficiency Enforcement Effort...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Aggressive Energy Efficiency Enforcement Effort with Nearly 30 New Proposed Penalties DOE Continues Aggressive Energy Efficiency Enforcement Effort with Nearly 30 New Proposed...
Parness, Aaron J. (Aaron Joseph), 1981-
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Stick Shift is a novel that has undergone several rounds of significant revision. Scott, the book's main character, is a sarcastic American who travels to England to move in with an ex-girlfriend. He experiences all of the ...
James Cheney; Christian Urban
Nominal logic is an extension of first-order logic which provides a simple foundation for formalizing and reasoning about abstract syntax modulo consistent renaming of bound names (that is, ?-equivalence). This article investigates logic programming...
Alienation and Dialectical Logic
Wells, Harry K.
1972-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
ALIENATION AND DIALECTICAL LOGIC l Harry K. Wells This paper discusses the principles of dialectical logic as developed in the works of Hegel and Marx. The author demonstrates how cla.ssical logic (or formal logic) is primarily a logic... end; and the third is concerned with the negation of the negation of the laws of formal logic. The dialectical syllogism is applied to the problem of human history and the development of human society by tracing the development of alienation...
Shift-register coincidence electronics system for thermal neutron counters
Swansen, J.E.; Collinsworth, P.R.; Krick, M.S.
1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
An improved shift-register, coincidence-counting logic circuit, developed for use with thermal neutron well counters, is described in detail. A distinguishing feature of the circuit is its ability to operate usefully at neutron counting rates of several hundred kHz. A portable electronics package incorporating the new coincidence logic and support circuits is also described.
A Logic for Parametric Polymorphism
Plotkin, Gordon; Abadi, Martin
2003-11-05T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we introduce a logic for parametric polymorphism. Just as LCF is a logic for the simply-typed -calculus with recursion and arithmetic, our logic is a logic for System F. The logic permits the formal ...
Oxman, Danielle Louise
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This study explored differences between aggressive-rejected and aggressive-nonrejected children on measures of Athletic Ability (AA) and Physical Attractiveness (PA). A main goal of the study was to explore possible differences within this sample...
Meehan, Barbara Theresa
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This study examined the relation between inflated self-concepts and levels of aggression in a sample of 167 aggressive second- and third-grade students. Variable-oriented data analyses of children's self- and others' reports of competence...
Meehan, Barbara Theresa
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
THE RELATION BETWEEN AGGRESSION AND INFLATED SELF-CONCEPTS IN AGGRESSIVE CHILDREN: A REPLICATION STUDY A Thesis BARBARA THERESA MEEHAN Submitted to the Oifice of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2000 Major Subject: Psychology THE RELATION BETWEEN AGGRESSION AND INFLATED SELF-CONCEPTS IN AGGRESSIVE CHILDREN: A REPLICATION STUDY A Thesis BARBARA THERESA MEEHAN Submitted to Texas AdtM University...
Fuzzy logic controller optimization
Sepe, Jr., Raymond B; Miller, John Michael
2004-03-23T23:59:59.000Z
A method is provided for optimizing a rotating induction machine system fuzzy logic controller. The fuzzy logic controller has at least one input and at least one output. Each input accepts a machine system operating parameter. Each output produces at least one machine system control parameter. The fuzzy logic controller generates each output based on at least one input and on fuzzy logic decision parameters. Optimization begins by obtaining a set of data relating each control parameter to at least one operating parameter for each machine operating region. A model is constructed for each machine operating region based on the machine operating region data obtained. The fuzzy logic controller is simulated with at least one created model in a feedback loop from a fuzzy logic output to a fuzzy logic input. Fuzzy logic decision parameters are optimized based on the simulation.
Mathematical Logic Lecture Notes
Krajíèek, Jan
. . . . . . . . . . . . 47 3.4 Equational Classes and Universal Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 4 Some Model Theory 57 4, logic is relatively recent: the 19th century pioneers were Bolzano, Boole, Cantor, Dedekind, Frege algebra, set theory, propositional logic, predicate logic, as clarifying the foundations of the natural
Two Notions Contrasted: 'Logical Geography' and 'Logical Topography'
Sloman, Aaron
Two Notions Contrasted: 'Logical Geography' and 'Logical Topography' Variations on a theme by Gilbert Ryle: The logical topography of 'Logical Geography'. Aaron Sloman This file is http://www.cs.bham" to "Logical topography" (Thanks to Luc Beaudoin). Updated 3 Jan 2010: added link to work of David Jhave
Aggressive children's memory for attachment relevant information
Collie, Claire Futamase
2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
This study examined a measure of children's memory for information from a story about a hypothetical mother and child, the Story Task, as a potential tool to delineate subtypes of aggressive children based on the pattern of information processing...
Carbone, Marco; Hildebrandt, Thomas T; López, Hugo A; 10.4204/EPTCS.69.3
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We explore logical reasoning for the global calculus, a coordination model based on the notion of choreography, with the aim to provide a methodology for specification and verification of structured communications. Starting with an extension of Hennessy-Milner logic, we present the global logic (GL), a modal logic describing possible interactions among participants in a choreography. We illustrate its use by giving examples of properties on service specifications. Finally, we show that, despite GL is undecidable, there is a significant decidable fragment which we provide with a sound and complete proof system for checking validity of formulae.
Extended Computation Tree Logic
Axelsson, Roland; Kreutzer, Stephan; Lange, Martin; Latte, Markus
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a generic extension of the popular branching-time logic CTL which refines the temporal until and release operators with formal languages. For instance, a language may determine the moments along a path that an until property may be fulfilled. We consider several classes of languages leading to logics with different expressive power and complexity, whose importance is motivated by their use in model checking, synthesis, abstract interpretation, etc. We show that even with context-free languages on the until operator the logic still allows for polynomial time model-checking despite the significant increase in expressive power. This makes the logic a promising candidate for applications in verification. In addition, we analyse the complexity of satisfiability and compare the expressive power of these logics to CTL* and extensions of PDL.
Bozzelli, Laura; French, Tim; Hales, James; Pinchinat, Sophie
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we present refinement modal logic. A refinement is like a bisimulation, except that from the three relational requirements only 'atoms' and 'back' need to be satisfied. Our logic contains a new operator 'forall' in additional to the standard modalities 'Box' for each agent. The operator 'forall' acts as a quantifier over the set of all refinements of a given model. We call it the refinement operator. As a variation on a bisimulation quantifier, it can be seen as a refinement quantifier over a variable not occurring in the formula bound by the operator. The logic combines the simplicity of multi-agent modal logic with some powers of monadic second order quantification. We present a sound and complete axiomatization of multiagent refinement modal logic. We also present an extension of the logic to the modal mu-calculus, and an axiomatization for the single-agent version of this logic. Examples and applications are also discussed: to software verification and design (the set of agents can also be s...
1997 Wiley-Liss, Inc. AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR
Wisconsin at Madison, University of
in humans. Our own interest in this phenomenon was piqued by a finding in Einon and Potegal's [1994] survey with distress during the tantrum. The post conflict reconciliation which occurs in several domains of human issue of Aggressive Behavior indicate, interest in this phenom- Contract grant sponsor: Harry Frank
A restructurable logic simulator
Ledford, Gordon Lee
1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A RESTRUCTURABLE LOGIC SIMULATOR A Thesis GORDON LEE LEDFORD, 111 Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1985 Major Subject: Electrical...) Chanan Singh (Head of Department. ) May 1985 ABSTRACT A Restructurable Logic Simulator (May ]985) Gordon Lee Ledford. III, B. S. , Texas AgrM University Chairman ol' Advisory Committee: Dr. Noel R. Strader, ll Very large scale integration (VLSI...
1 A LOGIC FOR PROGRAMMING DATABASE TRANSACTIONS
Bonner, Anthony
propose an extension of classical predicate calculus, called Transaction Logic, which provides a logical updates. Fi nally, Transaction Logic holds promise as a logical model of hitherto nonlogical phenomena Transaction Logic, including a natural model theory; (ii) we show that this logic has a ``Horn'' fragment
Attachment theory as a predictor of female aggression
Beckner, Helen Minette
2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
A large body of research exists relative to male aggression. Studies over the past 30 years, especially as related to male-to-female intimacy violence in a domestic context, have contributed greatly to a better understanding of aggressive male...
Subtypes of aggressive children based on parent ratings
Rodman, Jennifer K
2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
The existence of subtypes of aggressive children based on their parents' ratings of their aggressive behavior was examined in this study. The subjects' raw scores from the Child Behavior Checklist (Achenbach & Edelbrock, 1991) were used to perform a...
A Dynamic Hobbesian Approach to Aggression and Self-Regulation
Geldhof, Gordon John
2008-06-18T23:59:59.000Z
solid theoretical framework for examining self-regulation, aggression, and resource control. This paradigm encourages researchers to consider the functions of aggression (reactive vs. instrumental) and forms of self-regulation (active vs. automatic...
Characterising equilibrium logic and nested logic programs: Reductions and complexity
Pearce, David; Woltran, Stefan
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Equilibrium logic is an approach to nonmonotonic reasoning that extends the stable-model and answer-set semantics for logic programs. In particular, it includes the general case of nested logic programs, where arbitrary Boolean combinations are permitted in heads and bodies of rules, as special kinds of theories. In this paper, we present polynomial reductions of the main reasoning tasks associated with equilibrium logic and nested logic programs into quantified propositional logic, an extension of classical propositional logic where quantifications over atomic formulas are permitted. We provide reductions not only for decision problems, but also for the central semantical concepts of equilibrium logic and nested logic programs. In particular, our encodings map a given decision problem into some formula such that the latter is valid precisely in case the former holds. The basic tasks we deal with here are the consistency problem, brave reasoning, and skeptical reasoning. Additionally, we also provide encoding...
Sex differences in indirect aggression Psychological evidence from young adults
Sex differences in indirect aggression Psychological evidence from young adults Nicole H. Hessa theories of sex differences in indirect aggression propose selection pressures that would have acted on older teenagers and adults. Evidence for sex differences in indirect aggression in adults, however
Kuhns, Clarissa Ivette
2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
This study examined the joint effects of the quality of teacher-student relationship support (TSRS) and normative levels of classroom aggression on individual aggression in a sample of 687 second-grade children who entered first grade...
Giordano, Paolo
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce the ring of Fermat reals, an extension of the real field containing nilpotent infinitesimals. The construction takes inspiration from Smooth Infinitesimal Analysis (SIA), but provides a powerful theory of actual infinitesimals without any need of a background in mathematical logic. In particular, on the contrary with respect to SIA, which admits models only in intuitionistic logic, the theory of Fermat reals is consistent with classical logic. We face the problem to decide if the product of powers of nilpotent infinitesimals is zero or not, the identity principle for polynomials, the definition and properties of the total order relation. The construction is highly constructive, and every Fermat real admits a clear and order preserving geometrical representation. Using nilpotent infinitesimals, every smooth functions becomes a polynomial because in Taylor's formulas the rest is now zero. Finally, we present several applications to informal classical calculations used in Physics: now all these calc...
From Logical to Distributional Models
Anne Preller
2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z
The paper relates two variants of semantic models for natural language, logical functional models and compositional distributional vector space models, by transferring the logic and reasoning from the logical to the distributional models. The geometrical operations of quantum logic are reformulated as algebraic operations on vectors. A map from functional models to vector space models makes it possible to compare the meaning of sentences word by word.
1 A LOGIC FOR PROGRAMMING DATABASE TRANSACTIONS
Bonner, Anthony
propose an extension of classical predicate calculus, called Transaction Logic, which provides a logical updates. Fi- nally, Transaction Logic holds promise as a logical model of hitherto non-logical phenomena a natural model theory; ii we show that this logic has a Horn" fragment, with both a procedural
Logical Foundations Semantic Web
Sattler, Ulrike
Logical Foundations for the Semantic Web Ian Horrocks and Ulrike Sattler University of Manchester Manchester, UK {horrocks|sattler}@cs.man.ac.uk #12;Introduction #12;History of the Semantic Web · Web of the Web was much more ambitious than the reality of the existing (syntactic) Web: · TBL (and others) have
LOGICAL SPREADSHEETS A DISSERTATION
Pratt, Vaughan
LOGICAL SPREADSHEETS A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE.0/us/ This dissertation is online at: http://purl.stanford.edu/gt527cs1860 © 2011 by Michael Adam;I certify that I have read this dissertation and that, in my opinion, it is fully adequate in scope
Shifting scintillator neutron detector
Clonts, Lloyd G; Cooper, Ronald G; Crow, Jr., Morris Lowell; Hannah, Bruce W; Hodges, Jason P; Richards, John D; Riedel, Richard A
2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z
Provided are sensors and methods for detecting thermal neutrons. Provided is an apparatus having a scintillator for absorbing a neutron, the scintillator having a back side for discharging a scintillation light of a first wavelength in response to the absorbed neutron, an array of wavelength-shifting fibers proximate to the back side of the scintillator for shifting the scintillation light of the first wavelength to light of a second wavelength, the wavelength-shifting fibers being disposed in a two-dimensional pattern and defining a plurality of scattering plane pixels where the wavelength-shifting fibers overlap, a plurality of photomultiplier tubes, in coded optical communication with the wavelength-shifting fibers, for converting the light of the second wavelength to an electronic signal, and a processor for processing the electronic signal to identify one of the plurality of scattering plane pixels as indicative of a position within the scintillator where the neutron was absorbed.
Manual transmission shift linkage
Sewell, J.S.
1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
This patent describes a sliding gear manual transmission (10) for an automotive vehicle including a transmission housing (11), an input shaft (12) journalled in the housing, an output shaft (13) axially aligned with the input shaft and journalled in the housing, a countershaft (15) journalled in the housing and carrying a cluster gear (17) thereon, the input shaft (12) terminating in an input gear (14), a plurality of gears (26,27,28,29,31,31) on the output shaft (13) in meshing engagement with the cluster gear (17), and a plurality of synchronizing clutches (36,38,41,42) on the output shaft and countershaft for engagement of gear ratios of the meshing gears, and an axially movable and rotatable shift rail (81) located in the housing and operatively connected to a shift lever (82) actuated by the vehicle operator, the improvement comprising an auxiliary shift rail (98) located in the housing (11) generally paralleling the first mentioned shift rail (81) to provide for actuation of fifth, sixth and reverse gears the auxiliary shift rail (98) having a 5-6 shift arm (104) journalled thereon for axial movement relative thereto, and a reverse shift arm (99) rotatably mounted thereon for axial movement therewith.
Analysis of complex networks using aggressive abstraction.
Colbaugh, Richard; Glass, Kristin. [New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, NM; Willard, Gerald [Department of Defense, Ft. Meade, MD
2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents a new methodology for analyzing complex networks in which the network of interest is first abstracted to a much simpler (but equivalent) representation, the required analysis is performed using the abstraction, and analytic conclusions are then mapped back to the original network and interpreted there. We begin by identifying a broad and important class of complex networks which admit abstractions that are simultaneously dramatically simplifying and property preserving - we call these aggressive abstractions -- and which can therefore be analyzed using the proposed approach. We then introduce and develop two forms of aggressive abstraction: 1.) finite state abstraction, in which dynamical networks with uncountable state spaces are modeled using finite state systems, and 2.) onedimensional abstraction, whereby high dimensional network dynamics are captured in a meaningful way using a single scalar variable. In each case, the property preserving nature of the abstraction process is rigorously established and efficient algorithms are presented for computing the abstraction. The considerable potential of the proposed approach to complex networks analysis is illustrated through case studies involving vulnerability analysis of technological networks and predictive analysis for social processes.
Benefits and Costs of Aggressive Energy Efficiency Programs and...
Costs of Aggressive Energy Efficiency Programs and the Impacts of Alternative Sources of Funding: Case Study of Massachusetts Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL...
Paolo Giordano
2009-09-22T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce the ring of Fermat reals, an extension of the real field containing nilpotent infinitesimals. The construction takes inspiration from Smooth Infinitesimal Analysis (SIA), but provides a powerful theory of actual infinitesimals without any need of a background in mathematical logic. In particular, on the contrary with respect to SIA, which admits models only in intuitionistic logic, the theory of Fermat reals is consistent with classical logic. We face the problem to decide if the product of powers of nilpotent infinitesimals is zero or not, the identity principle for polynomials, the definition and properties of the total order relation. The construction is highly constructive, and every Fermat real admits a clear and order preserving geometrical representation. Using nilpotent infinitesimals, every smooth functions becomes a polynomial because in Taylor's formulas the rest is now zero. Finally, we present several applications to informal classical calculations used in Physics: now all these calculations become rigorous and, at the same time, formally equal to the informal ones. In particular, an interesting rigorous deduction of the wave equation is given, that clarifies how to formalize the approximations tied with Hook's law using this language of nilpotent infinitesimals.
Automatic sources of aggression Alexander Todorov*, John A. Bargh1
Bargh, John A.
Automatic sources of aggression Alexander Todorov*, John A. Bargh1 Department of Psychology, New 2 August 2000 Abstract In this paper, we review research on automaticity with particular relevance to aggression. Once triggered by environmental features, preconscious automatic processes run to completion
The Logic of Parametric Probability
Norman, Joseph W
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The computational method of parametric probability analysis is introduced. It is demonstrated how to embed logical formulas from the propositional calculus into parametric probability networks, thereby enabling sound reasoning about the probabilities of logical propositions. An alternative direct probability encoding scheme is presented, which allows statements of implication and quantification to be modeled directly as constraints on conditional probabilities. Several example problems are solved, from Johnson-Laird's aces to Smullyan's zombies. Many apparently challenging problems in logic turn out to be simple problems in algebra and computer science; often just systems of polynomial equations or linear optimization problems. This work extends the mathematical logic and parametric probability methods invented by George Boole.
J. LOGIC PROGRAMMING 1993:12:1--199 1 LOGIC PROGRAM SYNTHESIS
Lau, Kung-Kiu
J. LOGIC PROGRAMMING 1993:12:1--199 1 LOGIC PROGRAM SYNTHESIS YVES DEVILLE AND KUNGKIU LAU \\Lambda This paper presents an overview and a survey of logic program synthesis. Logic program synthesis get a logic pro gram satisfying the specification? Logic programming provides a uniquely nice
Binary Logic and Gates Introduction
Bouhraoua, Abdelhafid
. This binary system algebra is commonly referred to as Boolean Algebra after the mathematician George Boole, these functions are binary functions and require binary logic algebra for their derivation and manipulation Algebra Learn How to Map a Boolean Expressions into Logic Circuit Implementations Learn How To Manipulate
Logical Itemset Mining Shailesh Kumar
Cortes, Corinna
Logical Itemset Mining Shailesh Kumar Google Inc. Hyderabad, India Email: shkumar: {chandrasekhar.v@students, jawahar}@iiit.ac.in Abstract--Frequent Itemset Mining (FISM) attempts to find large baskets (projection property). We propose a simple and robust framework called LOGICAL ITEMSET MINING
A Uniform Logic of Information Dynamics
Holliday, Wesley Halcrow; Hoshi, Tomohiro; Icard, Thomas Frederick III
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2003), pp. 145–158. [16] Buss, S. R. , The Modal Logic ofstudied. Other examples include Buss’s [16] modal logic of “
Homogeneous cosmology with aggressively expanding civilizations
S. Jay Olson
2014-11-17T23:59:59.000Z
In the context of a homogeneous universe, we note that the appearance of aggressively expanding advanced life is geometrically similar to the process of nucleation and bubble growth in a first-order cosmological phase transition. We exploit this similarity to describe the dynamics of life saturating the universe on a cosmic scale, adapting the phase transition model to incorporate probability distributions of expansion and resource consumption strategies. Through a series of numerical solutions covering several orders of magnitude in the input assumption parameters, the resulting cosmological model is used to address basic questions related to the intergalactic spreading of life, dealing with issues such as timescales, observability, competition between strategies, and first-mover advantage. Finally, we examine physical effects on the universe itself, such as reheating and the backreaction on the evolution of the scale factor, if such life is able to control and convert a significant fraction of the available pressureless matter into radiation. We conclude that the existence of life, if certain advanced technologies are practical, could have a significant influence on the future large-scale evolution of the universe.
Peer aggression among adolescents: characteristics of the victims
D'Esposito, Susan Elaine
2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
Peer aggression is a significant problem among adolescents; it is relatively common and frequently experienced among adolescents. Recently, there has been growing attention to the occurrence and impact of bullying on adolescent's well being...
Female perpetrated intimate aggression: the role of relational dimensions
Madkins, Jeanette Patricia
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
-1 FEMALE PERPETRATED INTIMATE AGGRESSION: THE ROLE OF RELATIONAL DIMENSIONS A Dissertation by JEANETTE PATRICIA MADKINS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2007 Major Subject: Counseling Psychology FEMALE PERPETRATED INTIMATE AGGRESSION: THE ROLE OF RELATIONAL DIMENSIONS A Dissertation by JEANETTE PATRICIA MADKINS Submitted to the Office...
Concurrency and Communication in Transaction Logic
Bonner, Anthony
extends Transaction Logic with connectives for modeling the concurrent execution of complex processes logical framework, including a natural model theory and a proof theory. Moreover, this framework T R), an extension of firstorder classical logic that provides a clean, logical account for state
Concurrency and Communication in Transaction Logic
Bonner, Anthony
Logic with connectives for modeling the concurrent execution of complex processes. Concurrent processes. To llthistheoretical gap, wedeveloped Transaction Logic or T R, an extension of rst-order classical logic that provides and rollback. All this is accomplished in a completely logical framework, including a natural model theory
Proof and Definition in Logic and Type Theory Proof and Definition in Logic and Type Theory
Adams, Robin
Proof and Definition in Logic and Type Theory Proof and Definition in Logic and Type Theory Robin questions. #12;Proof and Definition in Logic and Type Theory Definition and Proof Definition and proof -- but they are not in predicate logic or type theory. #12;Proof and Definition in Logic and Type Theory Methods of Definition
Logical Full Abstraction and PCF
Longley, John R; Plotkin, Gordon
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce the concept of logical full abstraction, generalising the usual equational notion. We consider the language PCF and two extensions with “parallel” operations. The main result is that, for standard ...
Sommargren, Gary E. (Santa Cruz, CA)
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An interferometer which has the capability of measuring optical elements and systems with an accuracy of .lambda./1000 where .lambda. is the wavelength of visible light. Whereas current interferometers employ a reference surface, which inherently limits the accuracy of the measurement to about .lambda./50, this interferometer uses an essentially perfect spherical reference wavefront generated by the fundamental process of diffraction. Whereas current interferometers illuminate the optic to be tested with an aberrated wavefront which also limits the accuracy of the measurement, this interferometer uses an essentially perfect spherical measurement wavefront generated by the fundamental process of diffraction. This interferometer is adjustable to give unity fringe visibility, which maximizes the signal-to-noise, and has the means to introduce a controlled prescribed relative phase shift between the reference wavefront and the wavefront from the optics under test, which permits analysis of the interference fringe pattern using standard phase extraction algorithms.
Phase shifting diffraction interferometer
Sommargren, G.E.
1996-08-29T23:59:59.000Z
An interferometer which has the capability of measuring optical elements and systems with an accuracy of {lambda}/1000 where {lambda} is the wavelength of visible light. Whereas current interferometers employ a reference surface, which inherently limits the accuracy of the measurement to about {lambda}/50, this interferometer uses an essentially perfect spherical reference wavefront generated by the fundamental process of diffraction. This interferometer is adjustable to give unity fringe visibility, which maximizes the signal-to-noise, and has the means to introduce a controlled prescribed relative phase shift between the reference wavefront and the wavefront from the optics under test, which permits analysis of the interference fringe pattern using standard phase extraction algorithms. 8 figs.
Phase shifting diffraction interferometer
Sommargren, Gary E. (Santa Cruz, CA)
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An interferometer which has the capability of measuring optical elements and systems with an accuracy of .lambda./1000 where .lambda. is the wavelength of visible light. Whereas current interferometers employ a reference surface, which inherently limits the accuracy of the measurement to about .lambda./50, this interferometer uses an essentially perfect spherical reference wavefront generated by the fundamental process of diffraction. This interferometer is adjustable to give unity fringe visibility, which maximizes the signal-to-noise, and has the means to introduce a controlled prescribed relative phase shift between the reference wavefront and the wavefront from the optics under test, which permits analysis of the interference fringe pattern using standard phase extraction algorithms.
Sommargren, G.E.
1999-08-03T23:59:59.000Z
An interferometer is disclosed which has the capability of measuring optical elements and systems with an accuracy of {lambda}/1000 where {lambda} is the wavelength of visible light. Whereas current interferometers employ a reference surface, which inherently limits the accuracy of the measurement to about {lambda}/50, this interferometer uses an essentially perfect spherical reference wavefront generated by the fundamental process of diffraction. Whereas current interferometers illuminate the optic to be tested with an aberrated wavefront which also limits the accuracy of the measurement, this interferometer uses an essentially perfect spherical measurement wavefront generated by the fundamental process of diffraction. This interferometer is adjustable to give unity fringe visibility, which maximizes the signal-to-noise, and has the means to introduce a controlled prescribed relative phase shift between the reference wavefront and the wavefront from the optics under test, which permits analysis of the interference fringe pattern using standard phase extraction algorithms. 11 figs.
Toggling operators in computability logic
Japaridze, Giorgi
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Computability logic (CL) (see http://www.cis.upenn.edu/~giorgi/cl.html) is a research program for redeveloping logic as a formal theory of computability, as opposed to the formal theory of truth which it has more traditionally been. Formulas in CL stand for interactive computational problems, seen as games between a machine and its environment; logical operators represent operations on such entities; and "truth" is understood as existence of an effective solution. The formalism of CL is open-ended, and may undergo series of extensions as the studies of the subject advance. So far three -- parallel, sequential and choice -- sorts of conjunction and disjunction have been studied. The present paper adds one more natural kind to this collection, termed toggling. The toggling operations can be characterized as lenient versions of choice operations where choices are retractable, being allowed to be reconsidered any finite number of times. This way, they model trial-and-error style decision steps in interactive comp...
Photonic integrated circuits for optical logic applications
Williams, Ryan Daniel
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The optical logic unit cell is the photonic analog to transistor-transistor logic in electronic devices. Active devices such as InP-based semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOA) emitting at 1550 nm are vertically integrated ...
A Syntactic Realization Theorem for Justification Logics
Jäger, Gerhard
Kuznets Institut f¨ur Informatik und angewandte Mathematik, Universit¨at Bern Neubr¨uckstrasse 10, CH-3012 logics avoid the well-known logical omniscience problem, as Artemov and Kuznets argue in [5]. The formal
Logic Design Chapter 2: Introduction to Logic Circuits
Wu, Xiaolin
their operations we use a mathematical tool called Boolean algebra (from English mathematician George Boole in 1800 tool called Boolean algebra (from English mathematician George Boole in 1800's) that operates on two;2013/9/5 3 (d) Network that implements g x 1 x 2 += Boolean Algebra · To design logic circuits and describe
Reducing Strong Equivalence of Logic Programs to Entailment in Classical Propositional Logic
Wu, Dekai
Reducing Strong Equivalence of Logic Programs to Entailment in Classical Propositional Logic ] introduced a notion of strong equivalence beÂ tween two logic programs, and showed that it can be captured theories that reduces this notion of strong equivalence to enÂ tailment in classical propositional logic
Characterization of quantum states in predicative logic
Giulia Battilotti
2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
We develop a characterization of quantum states by means of first order variables and random variables, within a predicative logic with equality, in the framework of basic logic and its definitory equations. We introduce the notion of random first order domain and find a characterization of pure states in predicative logic and mixed states in propositional logic, due to a focusing condition. We discuss the role of first order variables and the related contextuality, in terms of sequents.
PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT TECHNIQUES FOR PHASED LOGIC CIRCUITS
Thornton, Mitchell
, these mechanims have been added to Phased Logic circuits by ad-hoc and manual means that require a designers
Annual Report 2004 Institute for Logic,
ten Cate, Balder
and Awards Appendix 4 DIP Colloquium Appendix 5 The Logic Tea Appendix 6 The Colloquium on Mathemathical
Constraint Logic Programming Marco Gavanelli1
Rossi, Francesca
Constraint Logic Programming Marco Gavanelli1 and Francesca Rossi2 1 Dipartimento di Ingegneria Logic Programming (CLP) is one of the most successful branches of Logic Programming; it attracts either as open source programs or as commercial systems. Also, CLP has been one of the technologies able
TERMINATION OF SIMPLY MODED WELLTYPED LOGIC PROGRAMS
Giesl, Juergen
TERMINATION OF SIMPLY MODED WELLÂTYPED LOGIC PROGRAMS UNDER TABLED EXECUTION MECHANISM Sofie mechanism for logic programs. In particular, tabled execution of logic programs terminates more often than execution based on SLDÂresolution. So, if a program can be proven to terminate under SLDÂresolution (by one
General Logic-Systems and Consequence Operators
Robert A. Herrmann
2006-06-03T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, general logic-systems are investigated. It is shown that there are infinitely many finite consequence operators defined on a fixed language L that cannot be generated from a finite logic-system. It is shown that a set map is a finite consequence operator iff it is defined by a general logic-system.
Testosterone and 5HIAA in dogs with intraspecific aggression
Haug, Lore I
2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and impulsivity and lower social status compared to those with higher levels of serotonin. This study was performed to determine if inappropriate aggression in dogs could be associated with high androgen levels and low serotonin levels as compared to control dogs...
Brain oxytocin correlates with maternal aggression: Link to anxiety
Meddle, S. L.; Beiderbeck, D. I.; Douglas, A. J.; Neumann, I. D.; Bosch, O. J.
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and CeA. Using retrodialysis, blockade of endogenous oxytocin action by infusion of an oxytocin receptor antagonist (des-Gly-NH2,d(CH2)5[Tyr(Me)2,Thr4]OVT) into the PVN or CeA reduced maternal aggression of HAB dams, whereas infusion of synthetic oxytocin...
Effects of adaptation to shock on shock-elicited aggression
Buchanan, Thomas Andrew
1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of elicited aggression. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of 0 h . , 10 7 0, ~10 . Azrin, N. H. , and Holz, W. C. Punishment. In W, K. Honig (Ed. ), Operant behavior: areas of research 0 ppl' t' . ll ?~Y: Appl t -0 1 y- Croft s, T9A Azrin, N, H...
Evaluation of Consistent Logical Checkpointing
Kaul, Surbhi
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
is cliscussed in more cletail in the next chapter lvhich pr smlts tht val'iations of the consist( nt logical ?heckpointing scheme. Applicatiuu '('('Itl& L's(&r Cu Illnunication The next set of experime!its !s pet fol meri uitli aii application lvith a...
Swails, Lisette Wilcox
2014-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
Accumulating evidence suggests proactive and reactive aggression are uniquely related to a variety of negative outcomes. Children with higher levels of reactive, not proactive, aggression score lower on measures of social preference and score higher...
Genome Analyses of an Aggressive and Invasive Lineage of the Irish Potato Famine Pathogen
Grünwald, Niklaus J.
Genome Analyses of an Aggressive and Invasive Lineage of the Irish Potato Famine Pathogen David E since the 19th century Irish famine, potato late blight has exemplified this threat. The causal oomycete lineage are among the most aggressive on cultivated potatoes, outcompete other aggressive lineages
A NEURAL NETWORK UNDERLYING INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN EMOTION AND AGGRESSION IN MALE GOLDEN HAMSTERS
Delville, Yvon
A NEURAL NETWORK UNDERLYING INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN EMOTION AND AGGRESSION IN MALE GOLDEN, Austin, TX 78712, USA Abstract--In rodents, aggressive behavior can be altered by experimental a common neural network. Male golden hamsters were first screened for offensive aggression. Then
Refining the shifted topological vertex
Drissi, L. B.; Jehjouh, H.; Saidi, E. H. [Faculte des Sciences, Laboratory/UFR-Physique des Hautes Energies, Rabat, 1014 (Morocco); Groupement National de Physique des Hautes Energies (GNPHE), Siege focal:FS, Rabat, 1014 (Morocco)
2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study aspects of the refining and shifting properties of the 3d MacMahon function C{sub 3}(q) used in topological string theory and BKP hierarchy. We derive the explicit expressions of the shifted topological vertex S{sub {lambda}}{sub {mu}}{sub {nu}}(q) and its refined version T{sub {lambda}}{sub {mu}}{sub {nu}}(q,t). These vertices complete results in literature.
An experimental investigation of the relationship between crowding and aggression
Franzen, William Everett
1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
also increased. Marsden (personal communication) has essentially replicated Calhoun's (1962) findings. He used BALB/c laboratory mice in an environment similar to Calhoun's consisting of 16 cells, with each cell consisting of 640 square inches.... The former was interpreted as partial support for the hypothesis that crowding leads to an increase in level of aggression in males, ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The author would like to extend his appreciation and thanks to the many people without whose aid, advice...
Electronic logic for enhanced switch reliability
Cooper, J.A.
1984-01-20T23:59:59.000Z
A logic circuit is used to enhance redundant switch reliability. Two or more switches are monitored for logical high or low output. The output for the logic circuit produces a redundant and fail-safe representation of the switch outputs. When both switch outputs are high, the output is high. Similarly, when both switch outputs are low, the logic circuit's output is low. When the output states of the two switches do not agree, the circuit resolves the conflict by memorizing the last output state which both switches were simultaneously in and produces the logical complement of this output state. Thus, the logic circuit of the present invention allows the redundant switches to be treated as if they were in parallel when the switches are open and as if they were in series when the switches are closed. A failsafe system having maximum reliability is thereby produced.
Adding NegationasFailure to Intuitionistic Logic Programming
Bonner, Anthony
@cs.rutgers.edu Abstract Intuitionistic logic programming is an extension of Hornclause logic pro gramming in which then develop an analogue of Przymusinski's perfect model semantics for stratified Hornclause logic [20 Intuitionistic logic programming is an extension of Hornclause logic pro gramming in which implications may
Database Programming in Transaction Logic Anthony J. Bonner \\Lambda
Bonner, Anthony
--- an extension of classical predicate logic that accounts in a clean and declarative fashion for the phenomenon of state changes in logic programs and databases. It has a natural model theory and a sound and complete. Finally, Transaction Logic holds promise as a logical model of hitherto nonlogical phenomena, including
Ground Nonmonotonic Modal Logic S5: New Results
Navarro Pérez, Juan
Ground Nonmonotonic Modal Logic S5: New Results MAURICIO OSORIO GALINDO, JUAN ANTONIO NAVARRO P Gelfond's translation in the context of modal logic S5. We show that for arbitrary logic programs logics between T and S5 are equivalent. Furthermore, we also show that these logics are equivalent
A Programming Logic for Java Bytecode Programs
Quigley, C.L.
Quigley,C.L. To appear in Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Theorem Proving in Higher Order Logics, Lecture Notes in Computer Science Springer Verlag
Local Trip Out Logic Board Out
Evans, Hal
Board to Logic Board Cables ethernet style cables 1 per comparator board run these USA15toUX15 (~100m
Integrated reformer and shift reactor
Bentley, Jeffrey M.; Clawson, Lawrence G.; Mitchell, William L.; Dorson, Matthew H.
2006-06-27T23:59:59.000Z
A hydrocarbon fuel reformer for producing diatomic hydrogen gas is disclosed. The reformer includes a first reaction vessel, a shift reactor vessel annularly disposed about the first reaction vessel, including a first shift reactor zone, and a first helical tube disposed within the first shift reactor zone having an inlet end communicating with a water supply source. The water supply source is preferably adapted to supply liquid-phase water to the first helical tube at flow conditions sufficient to ensure discharge of liquid-phase and steam-phase water from an outlet end of the first helical tube. The reformer may further include a first catalyst bed disposed in the first shift reactor zone, having a low-temperature shift catalyst in contact with the first helical tube. The catalyst bed includes a plurality of coil sections disposed in coaxial relation to other coil sections and to the central longitudinal axis of the reformer, each coil section extending between the first and second ends, and each coil section being in direct fluid communication with at least one other coil section.
Demo: Logic X Logic is Apple's profession sound production software (Garageband is the consumer
Stowell, Michael
version) and is a complete DAW (Digital Audio Workstation). Logic has a vast library of software inside the Logic environment. Logic getting started: · File new o Templates ! Pre-defined working Project · New Tracks o Software Instrument ! Virtual instruments ! Library of pre-built instruments
Secure Adiabatic Logic: a Low-Energy DPA-Resistant Logic Style
International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)
Secure Adiabatic Logic: a Low-Energy DPA-Resistant Logic Style Mehrdad Khatir and Amir Moradi a new charge recovery logic style not only to gain high energy efficiency but also to achieve in many cases. For example, security is the main goal when designing cryptographic hardware. In one hand
Micro-mechanical logic for field produceable gate arrays
Prakash, Manu
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A paradigm of micro-mechanical gates for field produceable logic is explored. A desktop manufacturing system is sought after which is capable of printing functional logic devices in the field. A logic scheme which induces ...
Crash in Program and Logic Viviana Bono
Torino, Università di
.Kerber@cs.bham.ac.uk With traditional Hoare logic it is possible to prove partial correctness of programs through statements of the kind \\If the precondition holds and the program terminates, then the postcondition holds." In this work-in-progress we try to extend Hoare logic in a way that it can deal also with crashes (i.e., abrupt termination
Quantum logic. A brief outline Karl Svozil #
Svozil, Karl
evidence of the quantum world. We give a brief outline of quantum logic, and some of its algebraic outline of its nonclassical aspects; in particular violations of BooleBell type consistency constraints and algebraic order of events from empirical facts. This is very different from the ``classical'' logical
Sets and Constraint Logic Programming Agostino Dovier
Rossi, Gianfranco
are embedded in a Constraint Logic Programming (CLP) language which provides #12;nite sets|along with basic set by programming in CLP(SET ). Categories and Subject Descriptors: D.3.2 [Programming Languages]: Constraint and Logic Languages; D.3.3 [Programming Languages]: Language Constructs and Features; F.4 [Math- ematical
Constraint Logic Programming Overview of CP
Qu, Rong
G53CLP Constraint Logic Programming Overview of CP Dr Rong Qu #12;G53CLP Constraint Logic Programming Dr. R Qu 2 Computer Programs a collection of source code and libraries which have been compiled and interactive tasks with data. - Wikipedia #12;3 Programming Paradigms Procedural Sequences of instructions
BRICS'2001 Lecture 1 Logical Methods in
Makowsky, Johann A. "Janos"
BRICS'2001 Lecture 1 Logical Methods in Algorithmics and Complexity by J.A. Makowsky Department, 2001 1 BRICS'2001 Lecture 1 Outline of Course Lecture 1: Prelude: the overall picture. Logical Lecture 5: Some knot theory 2 BRICS'2001 Lecture 1 PRELUDE Outlook References 3 BRICS'2001 Lecture 1
Intuitionistic Hybrid Logic Torben Brauner a,1
de Paiva, Valeria
to hybridize constructive modal logics. Alternative systems are discussed, but we fix on a reasonable and well deduction formulation of it. Our nat- ural deduction system is also extended with additional inference rules give natural deduction systems in a uniform way for a wide class of constructive hybrid logics
Introduction to AECs AECs and Infinitary Logics
Kueker, David W.
AECs and Infinitary Logics Proofs Definition and Examples Some Model Theory of AECs Introduction S to AECs AECs and Infinitary Logics Proofs Definition and Examples Some Model Theory of AECs AEC Axioms Definition and Examples Some Model Theory of AECs AEC Axioms Definition (Shelah) An Abstract Elementary Class
Technical Report 68 1992 Computational Logic Inc.
Boyer, Robert Stephen
of asynchronous communication as a function in the BoyerMoore logic. The function transforms the signal stream; the proofs of the claims have been mechanically checked with the BoyerMoore theorem prover, NQTHM. We verification, clock synchronization, Manchester format, FM format, automatic theorem proving, BoyerMoore logic
A Rough Logic Formalism for Fuzzy Controllers
Lin, Tsau Young
logic. 1. Introduction In complex systems, such as power systems, control subsystems are the most of transformations of mathematical models. It starts with a symbolic model that describes the control system in termsA Rough Logic Formalism for Fuzzy Controllers: A Hard and Soft Computing View T.Y. Lin Department
It's About Time: Realtime Logics Reviewed ? ??
Henzinger, Thomas A.
Âtime verification problem in polynomial space, or even decidable. 1 Introduction The execution of a reactive system in (linear) temporal logic. 3 The modelÂchecking problem asks, given a reactive system and a temporal for of temporal logic is not dominant: if a reactive system is given as a product of BÂ¨uchi automata, the model
From Preference Logics to Preference Languages, and Back Meghyn Bienvenu
Lang, JÃ©rÃ´me
From Preference Logics to Preference Languages, and Back Meghyn Bienvenu Fachbereich Mathematik und, Girard, and Roy 2009). The basic constructs of the logic are preference statements between propositional
Named Models in Coalgebraic Hybrid Logic
Schroeder, Lutz
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Hybrid logic extends modal logic with support for reasoning about individual states, designated by so-called nominals. We study hybrid logic in the broad context of coalgebraic semantics, where Kripke frames are replaced with coalgebras for a given functor, thus covering a wide range of reasoning principles including, e.g., probabilistic, graded, default, or coalitional operators. Specifically, we establish generic criteria for a given coalgebraic hybrid logic to admit named canonical models, with ensuing completeness proofs for pure extensions on the one hand, and for an extended hybrid language with local binding on the other. We instantiate our framework with a number of examples. Notably, we prove completeness of graded hybrid logic with local binding.
Managing Complex Environmental Remediation amidst Aggressive Facility Revitalization Milestones
Richter Pack, S. [PMP Science Applications International Corporation, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Unlike the final closure projects at Rocky Flats and Fernald, many of the Department of Energy's future CERCLA and RCRA closure challenges will take place at active facilities, such as the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) central campus. ORNL has aggressive growth plans for a Research Technology Park and cleanup must address and integrate D and D, soil and groundwater remediation, and on-going and future business plans for the Park. Different planning and tracking tools are needed to support closures at active facilities. To support some large Airport redevelopment efforts, we created tools that allowed the Airline lease-holder to perform environmental remediation on the same schedule as building D and D and new building construction, which in turn allowed them to migrate real estate from unusable to usable within an aggressive schedule. In summary: The FIM and OpenGate{sup TM} spatial analysis system were two primary tools developed to support simultaneous environmental remediation, D and D, and construction efforts at an operating facility. These tools helped redevelopers to deal with environmental remediation on the same schedule as building D and D and construction, thereby meeting their goals of opening gates, restarting their revenue streams, at the same time complying with all environmental regulations. (authors)
Hadronic shift in pionic hydrogen
M. Hennebach; D. F. Anagnostopoulos; A. Dax; H. Fuhrmann; D. Gotta; A. Gruber; A. Hirtl; P. Indelicato; Y. -W. Liu; B. Manil; V. E. Markushin; A. J. Rusi el Hassani; L. M. Simons; M. Trassinelli; J. Zmeskal
2014-12-17T23:59:59.000Z
The hadronic shift in pionic hydrogen has been redetermined to be $\\epsilon_{1s}=7.086\\,\\pm\\,0.007(stat)\\,\\pm\\,0.006(sys)$\\,eV by X-ray spectroscopy of ground state transitions applying various energy calibration schemes. The experiment was performed at the high-intensity low-energy pion beam of the Paul Scherrer Institut by using the cyclotron trap and an ultimate-resolution Bragg spectrometer with bent crystals.
A modal extension of first order classical logic George Tourlakis
Tourlakis, George
and inequalities--correspondingly, in the case of logic, equivalences () and implications (). However, when we
Modeling context-dependent aspect interference using default logics
Cazzola, Walter
the domotica world. Keywords: Aspect interactions, knowledge, interference, default logics. 1 Introduction
Duality for Lattices with Operators: a modal logic approach.
Koolen, Marijn
, starting with the work of Boole. Its main aim is to study logic from an algebraic perspective in order. This work belongs to the #12;eld of algebraic logic. Algebraic logic has its roots in the 19th century to translate problems in logic to (uni- versal) algebraic questions. At the beginning of the twentieth century
PROGRAM SPECIFICATION AND PROGRAMMING WITH SETS IN LOGIC
Rossi, Gianfranco
designation and manipulation o#11;ered by programming languages and, in particular, by logic programming- sent a valuable feature of high-level programming languages and speci#12;cation languages. According logic program- ming languages ([7]), equational logic languages ([8]), and Constraint Logic Programming
The Lockean Thesis and the Logic of Belief James Hawthorne
Fitelson, Branden
the quantitative logic based on probabilistic degrees of confidence. I'll show that this qualitative logic fits the Lockean Thesis extremely well. More specifically, this logic will draw on two qualitative doxasticThe Lockean Thesis and the Logic of Belief James Hawthorne 1 Introduction In a penetrating
A Top-down Approach to Combining Logics Christoph Benzmuller
Ziegler, GÃ¼nter M.
logics. However, building automated reasoning systems that support combinations of logics is a very: Expressive Ontologies: Multi-Agent Systems: Higher-order Logic: Semantic Embedding: Proof Automation Abstract: The mechanization and automation of combination of logics, expressive ontologies and notions of context
Buckel, Jeffrey A.
Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Intraspecific aggression and colony fusion and introduced populations have been examined to elucidate the origins and maintenance of unicoloniality levels of intraspecific aggression, we deter- mined that pairs that did not fuse had higher numbers
MANAGEMENT AND REHABILITATION OF INTER-DOG AGGRESSION IN ANIMAL SHELTERS
Farrell, Anthony P.
MANAGEMENT AND REHABILITATION OF INTER-DOG AGGRESSION IN ANIMAL SHELTERS by Jane S. Orihel B dogs in shelters and explored the feasibility of implementing rehabilitation for inter-dog aggression, and 2) an experimental study of the effectiveness of a rehabilitation program for reducing inter
Proof Transformations in Higher-Order Logic
Spirtes, Peter
is given and its partial correctness is proven. Strong termination of this al- gorithm remains a conjectureProof Transformations in Higher-Order Logic Frank Pfenning January 1987 Submitted in partial
Roadmap for preferential logics Dov M Gabbay
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Roadmap for preferential logics Dov M Gabbay King's College, London Karl Schlechta Laboratoire d. Thus, as a good roadmap should, the article points out easy ways to go from A to B, but also puts up
Logical Control Theory Applied to Mechanical Arms
Pankiewicz, Ronald Joseph
A new control algorithm based upon Logical Control Theory is developed for mechanical manipulators. The controller uses discrete tesselations of state space and a finite set of fixed torques to regulate non-rehearsed ...
Mdp Optimal Control under Temporal Logic Constraints
Ding, Xu Chu
In this paper, we develop a method to automatically generate a control policy for a dynamical system modeled as a Markov Decision Process (MDP). The control specification is given as a Linear Temporal Logic (LTL) formula ...
Deduction, Ordering, and Operations in Quantum Logic
Norman D. Megill; Mladen Pavicic
2001-08-16T23:59:59.000Z
We show that in quantum logic of closed subspaces of Hilbert space one cannot substitute quantum operations for classical (standard Hilbert space) ones and treat them as primitive operations. We consider two possible ways of such a substitution and arrive at operation algebras that are not lattices what proves the claim. We devise algorithms and programs which write down any two-variable expression in an orthomodular lattice by means of classical and quantum operations in an identical form. Our results show that lattice structure and classical operations uniquely determine quantum logic underlying Hilbert space. As a consequence of our result, recent proposals for a deduction theorem with quantum operations in an orthomodular lattice as well as a substitution of quantum operations for the usual standard Hilbert space ones in quantum logic prove to be misleading. Quantum computer quantum logic is also discussed.
SVN commits: code Ss-shifted architecture
SVN commits: code Ss-shifted architecture hit_filter can run between merger and fitter Most merge Supports SS-1/2 shifted architecture Supports bank extensions *.patt.bz2 etc Used on the grid
ENVIRONMENTAL TAX SHIFT: A Discussion Paper for
ENVIRONMENTAL TAX SHIFT: A Discussion Paper for British Columbians Amy Taylor Mark Jaccard School of Resource and Environmental Management Nancy Olewiler Department of Economics Simon Fraser University Vancouver, British Columbia October, 1999 #12;Environmental Tax Shift Discussion Paper Taylor, Jaccard
Shifting Standards: Experiments in Particle
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (Million CubicRefinersUpcoming ReleaseSheldon Wolff, 1973 The Ernest OrlandoShields Warren,Shifting
Generative Story Worlds Linear Logic Programs
Goldstein, Seth Copen
with standard logical implication: buy_soda : has(Alice, $1) ^ wants(Alice, soda) has(Alice, soda) #12;LINEAR LOGIC 13 A -o B #12;14 buy_soda : has(Alice, $1) * wants(Alice, soda) -o has(Alice, soda) #12;15 A * B/murder : anger C C' * anger C C' * anger C C' * anger C C' * at C L * at C' L * has C weapon -o {at C L * !dead C
Light-shift modulated photon-echo
Chanelière, Thierry
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the AC-Stark shift (light-shift) is a powerful and versatile tool to control the emission of a photon-echo in the context of optical storage. As a proof-of-principle, we demonstrate that the photon-echo efficiency can be fully modulated by applying light-shift control pulses in an erbium doped solid. The control of the echo emission is attributed to the spatial gradient induced by the light-shift beam.
Cosmic Logic: a Computational Model
Vanchurin, Vitaly
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We describe a simple computational model of cosmic logic suitable for analysis of, for example, discretized cosmological systems. The construction is based on a particular model of computation, developed by Alan Turing, with cosmic observers (CO), cosmic measures (CM) and cosmic symmetries (CS) described by Turing machines. CO machines always start with a blank tape and CM machines take CO's Turing number (also known as description number or G{\\" o}del number) as input and output the corresponding probability. Similarly, CS machines take CO's Turing number as input, but output either one if the CO machines are in the same equivalence class or zero otherwise. We argue that CS machines are more fundamental than CM machines and, thus, should be used as building blocks in constructing CM machines. We prove the non-computability of a CS machine which discriminates between two classes of CO machines: mortal that halts in finite time and immortal that runs forever. In context of eternal inflation this result implies...
Cosmic Logic: a Computational Model
Vitaly Vanchurin
2015-07-05T23:59:59.000Z
We describe a simple computational model of cosmic logic suitable for analysis of, for example, discretized cosmological systems. The construction is based on a particular model of computation, developed by Alan Turing, with cosmic observers (CO), cosmic measures (CM) and cosmic symmetries (CS) described by Turing machines. CO machines always start with a blank tape and CM machines take CO's Turing number (also known as description number or G{\\" o}del number) as input and output the corresponding probability. Similarly, CS machines take CO's Turing number as input, but output either one if the CO machines are in the same equivalence class or zero otherwise. We argue that CS machines are more fundamental than CM machines and, thus, should be used as building blocks in constructing CM machines. We prove the non-computability of a CS machine which discriminates between two classes of CO machines: mortal that halts in finite time and immortal that runs forever. In context of eternal inflation this result implies that it is impossible to construct CM machines to compute probabilities using cut-off prescriptions or that all of the cut-off measures are non-computable.
Cooley, John L.
2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z
A growing body of literature indicates that the link between peer victimization and aggressive behavior may vary according to specific aggression subtypes; however, research has yet to identify factors that moderate these associations. The purposes...
Florentin Smarandache
2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z
In this book one makes an introduction to non-standard analysis in the first part, needed to the next four chapters in order to study the neutrosophics: 1. Neutrosophy - a new branch of philosophy. 2. Neutrosophic Logic - a unifying field in logics. 3. Neutrosophic Set - a unifying field in sets. 4. Neutrosophic Probability - a generalization of classical and imprecise probabilities - and Neutrosophic Statistics.
Quantum logic with molecular ions
Fabian Wolf; Yong Wan; Jan C. Heip; Florian Gebert; Chunyan Shi; Piet O. Schmidt
2015-07-27T23:59:59.000Z
Laser spectroscopy of cold and trapped molecular ions is a powerful tool for fundamental physics, including the determination of fundamental constants, the laboratory test for their possible variation, and the search for a possible electric dipole moment of the electron. Optical clocks based on molecular ions sensitive to some of these effects are expected to achieve uncertainties approaching the $10^{-18}$ level. While the complexity of molecular structure facilitates these applications, the absence of cycling transitions poses a challenge for direct laser cooling, quantum state control, and detection. Previously employed state detection techniques based on photo-dissociation or chemical reactions are destructive and therefore inefficient. Here we experimentally demonstrate non-destructive state detection of a single trapped molecular ion through its strong Coulomb coupling to a well-controlled co-trapped atomic ion. An algorithm based on a state-dependent optical dipole force(ODF) changes the internal state of the atom conditioned on the internal state of the molecule. We show that individual states in the molecule can be distinguished by their coupling strength to the ODF and observe black-body radiation-induced quantum jumps between rotational states. Using the detuning dependence of the state detection signal, we implement a variant of quantum logic spectroscopy and improve upon a previous measurement of the $\\mathrm{X}^1\\Sigma^+(J=1)\\rightarrow\\mathrm{A}^1\\Sigma^+(J=0)$ transition in MgH, finding a frequency of 1067.74752(53)THz. We estimate that non-destructive state detection with near 100% efficiency could take less than 10 ms. The technique we demonstrate is applicable to a wide range of molecular ions, enabling further applications in state-controlled quantum chemistry and spectroscopic investigations of molecules serving as probes for interstellar clouds.
Process Intensification with Integrated Water-Gas-Shift Membrane...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Intensification with Integrated Water-Gas-Shift Membrane Reactor Process Intensification with Integrated Water-Gas-Shift Membrane Reactor water-gas-shift.pdf More Documents &...
Fibred Coalgebraic Logic and Quantum Protocols
Daniel Marsden
2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z
Motivated by applications in modelling quantum systems using coalgebraic techniques, we introduce a fibred coalgebraic logic. Our approach extends the conventional predicate lifting semantics with additional modalities relating conditions on different fibres. As this fibred setting will typically involve multiple signature functors, the logic incorporates a calculus of modalities enabling the construction of new modalities using various composition operations. We extend the semantics of coalgebraic logic to this setting, and prove that this extension respects behavioural equivalence. We show how properties of the semantics of modalities are preserved under composition operations, and then apply the calculational aspect of our logic to produce an expressive set of modalities for reasoning about quantum systems, building these modalities up from simpler components. We then demonstrate how these modalities can describe some standard quantum protocols. The novel features of our logic are shown to allow for a uniform description of unitary evolution, and support local reasoning such as "Alice's qubit satisfies condition" as is common when discussing quantum protocols.
Fitelson, Branden
, he illuminated three subjects: logic, language, and ontology. The bound variable of quantification subjects: logic, language, and ontology. One logical and linguistic insight was the dispensability ontological commitments. A third contribution that likewise impinges on those same three subjects - logic
Analog Noise Reduction in Enzymatic Logic Gates
Dmitriy Melnikov; Guinevere Strack; Marcos Pita; Vladimir Privman; Evgeny Katz
2009-05-17T23:59:59.000Z
In this work we demonstrate both experimentally and theoretically that the analog noise generation by a single enzymatic logic gate can be dramatically reduced to yield gate operation with virtually no input noise amplification. This is achieved by exploiting the enzyme's specificity when using a co-substrate that has a much lower affinity than the primary substrate. Under these conditions, we obtain a negligible increase in the noise output from the logic gate as compared to the input noise level. Experimental realizations of the AND logic gate with the enzyme horseradish peroxidase using hydrogen peroxide and two different co-substrates, 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) and ferrocyanide, with vastly different rate constants confirmed our general theoretical conclusions.
NMDARs Mediate the Role of Monoamine Oxidase A in Pathological Aggression
Bortolato, Marco; Godar, Sean C.; Melis, Miriam; Soggiu, Alessio; Roncada, Paola; Casu, Angelo; Flore, Giovanna; Chen, Kevin; Frau, Roberto; Urbani, Andrea; Castelli, M. Paola; Devoto, Paola; Shih, Jean C.
2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z
Converging evidence shows that monoamine oxidase A (MAO A), the key enzyme catalyzing serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) and norepinephrine (NE) degradation, is a primary factor in the pathophysiology of antisocial and aggressive behavior...
Effects of Trait Behavioral Approach and Inhibition Sensitivity on Behavioral Aggression
Gravens, Laura Christine
2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
Behavioral approach sensitivity (BAS) has been found to relate to anger contrary to perspectives positing that BAS is only involved in positive emotions. The present study extends this work by examining relations between behavioral aggression...
Aggression, self-esteem, and perceived threat for university undergraduate research fellows
Baumbach, Christopher Lloyd
2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
Based on a study by Bushman and Baumeister (1998), we hypothesized that high global self-esteem and high collective self-esteem should be predictive of greater aggressive. We also hypothesized that participants with high narcissistic tendencies...
Williford, Anne; DePaolis, Kathryn J.
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Research on both the forms and functions of aggression has yet to include the experiences of low-income minority adolescent girls, particularly Latinas. The present study addresses this limitation by applying ecological systems theory to identify...
Oxford, Mary Cunningham
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This replication study provides mixed support for Wootton, Frick, Shelton and Silvelthorn's (1997) findings that the relation between parent socialization practices and children's aggression is moderated by children's callous and unemotional (CU...
Sex, dispersion and aggression in Western Sandpipers on the Bolivar Flats, Texas
Gordon, Lynn Marie
1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
residents and migrants occur randomly on a mudflat, or are there predictable trends in relation to habitat use, foraging and aggressive behavior, temporal use and/or size? HABITAT AND FORAGING BEHAVIOR Prediction 1. ? Although it appears that dif...
Valve system incorporating single failure protection logic
Ryan, Rodger (San Jose, CA); Timmerman, Walter J. H. (Saratoga, CA)
1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A valve system incorporating single failure protective logic. The system consists of a valve combination or composite valve which allows actuation or de-actuation of a device such as a hydraulic cylinder or other mechanism, integral with or separate from the valve assembly, by means of three independent input signals combined in a function commonly known as two-out-of-three logic. Using the input signals as independent and redundant actuation/de-actuation signals, a single signal failure, or failure of the corresponding valve or valve set, will neither prevent the desired action, nor cause the undesired action of the mechanism.
Nonlinear interferometry approach to photonic sequential logic
Hideo Mabuchi
2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z
Motivated by rapidly advancing capabilities for extensive nanoscale patterning of optical materials, I propose an approach to implementing photonic sequential logic that exploits circuit-scale phase coherence for efficient realizations of fundamental components such as a NAND-gate-with-fanout and a bistable latch. Kerr-nonlinear optical resonators are utilized in combination with interference effects to drive the binary logic. Quantum-optical input-output models are characterized numerically using design parameters that yield attojoule-scale energy separation between the latch states.
Nonlinear interferometry approach to photonic sequential logic
Mabuchi, Hideo
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Motivated by rapidly advancing capabilities for extensive nanoscale patterning of optical materials, I propose an approach to implementing photonic sequential logic that exploits circuit-scale phase coherence for efficient realizations of fundamental components such as a NAND-gate-with-fanout and a bistable latch. Kerr-nonlinear optical resonators are utilized in combination with interference effects to drive the binary logic. Quantum-optical input-output models are characterized numerically using design parameters that yield attojoule-scale energy separation between the latch states.
How Peircean was the "'Fregean' Revolution" in Logic?
Anellis, Irving H
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The historiography of logic conceives of a Fregean revolution in which modern mathematical logic (also called symbolic logic) has replaced Aristotelian logic. The preeminent expositors of this conception are Jean van Heijenoort (1912-1986) and Donald Angus Gillies. The innovations and characteristics that comprise mathematical logic and distinguish it from Aristotelian logic, according to this conception, created ex nihlo by Gottlob Frege (1848-1925) in his Begriffsschrift of 1879, and with Bertrand Russell (1872-1970) as its chief This position likewise understands the algebraic logic of Augustus De Morgan (1806-1871), George Boole (1815-1864), Charles Sanders Peirce (1838-1914), and Ernst Schr\\"oder (1841-1902) as belonging to the Aristotelian tradition. The "Booleans" are understood, from this vantage point, to merely have rewritten Aristotelian syllogistic in algebraic guise. The most detailed listing and elaboration of Frege's innovations, and the characteristics that distinguish mathematical logic from ...
The Relationship Between Separation Logic and Implicit Dynamic Frames
Parkinson, Matthew J
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Separation logic is a concise method for specifying programs that manipulate dynamically allocated storage. Partially inspired by separation logic, Implicit Dynamic Frames has recently been proposed, aiming at first-order tool support. In this paper, we precisely connect the semantics of these two logics. We define a logic whose syntax subsumes both that of a standard separation logic, and that of implicit dynamic frames as sub-syntaxes. We define a total heap semantics for our logic, and, for the separation logic subsyntax, prove it equivalent the standard partial heaps model. In order to define a semantics which works uniformly for both subsyntaxes, we define the novel concept of a minimal state extension, which provides a different (but equivalent) definition of the semantics of separation logic implication and magic wand connectives, while also giving a suitable semantics for these connectives in implicit dynamic frames. We show that our resulting semantics agrees with the existing definition of weakest p...
A fuzzy logic controller for autonomous vehicle control
Vinson, Yale Patrick
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis presents a feasibility study for the use of fuzzy logic control to solve the autonomous vehicle following problem. After developing the original vehicle following system, the applicability of fuzzy logic to the problem is demonstrated...
Logic verification using recursive learning, ATPG and transformations
Paul, Debjyoti
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We describe a new approach for formal verification of combinational logic circuits using Recursive learning, ATPG and Transformations. A logic verification tool, VeriLAT, was implemented based on this approach. Experimental results on the ISCAS85...
A fuzzy logic controller for autonomous vehicle control
Vinson, Yale Patrick
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis presents a feasibility study for the use of fuzzy logic control to solve the autonomous vehicle following problem. After developing the original vehicle following system, the applicability of fuzzy logic to the problem is demonstrated...
Is there a use for linear logic? Philip Wadler
Wadler, Philip
Is there a use for linear logic Past attempts to apply Girard's linear logicihavemplemented Wadler's system [Wa* *k90 ].) either had, Wadler), but not both. Thisguage that corresponds closely t* *o linear logic; it is a paper defines
water gas shift | netl.doe.gov
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
are extremely sensitive to sulfur and chloride poisoning and are normally not used in coal gasification plants. Sweet shift is normally not used for coal gasification...
A Computational Approach to George Boole's Discovery of Mathematical Logic
Honavar, Vasant
A Computational Approach to George Boole's Discovery of Mathematical Logic Luis de Ledesma a Aurora This paper reports a computational model of Boole's discovery of Logic as a part of Mathematics. George Boole (18151864) found that the symbols of Logic behaved as algebraic symbols, and he then rebuilt the whole
Fuzzy logic control implementation in sensorless PM drive systems
Fuzzy logic control implementation in sensorless PM drive systems Kasim M. Al-Aubidy1 and Ghada M. In this paper, a fuzzy logic controller is proposed for the real-time control of a Sensorless PM drive system-time applications. . Keywords: Sensorless drive systems, Rotor detection, Fuzzy logic control, Intelligent systems
Termination Semantics of Logic Programs with Cut and Related Features
Giesl, Juergen
Termination Semantics of Logic Programs with Cut and Related Features Jamie Andrews Dept of termination for logic programs. I am particularly interested in the termination of logic programs which use practical features such as the Prolog ``cut''. In order to prove termination of such programs
Logic and the set theory Lecture 19: The set theory
Choi, Suhyoung
Logic and the set theory Lecture 19: The set theory S. Choi Department of Mathematical Science KAIST, Daejeon, South Korea Fall semester, 2012 S. Choi (KAIST) Logic and set theory November 20, 2012 1 / 24 #12;Introduction About this lecture Axioms of the set theory S. Choi (KAIST) Logic and set theory
Characterization of Logics Over Ranked Tree Thomas Place
Doyen, Laurent
Characterization of Logics Over Ranked Tree Languages Thomas Place LSV, ENS-Cachan, CNRS, INRIA combinations of 1 over ranked trees. In particular, we provide effective characterizations of those three logics using algebraic identities. Characterizations had already been obtained for those logics over
Error rate and power dissipation in nano-logic devices
Kim, Jong Un
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Current-controlled logic and single electron logic processors have been investigated with respect to thermal-induced bit error. A maximal error rate for both logic processors is regarded as one bit-error/year/chip. A maximal clock frequency...
Internal Note #182 Computational Logic, Inc.
Boyer, Robert Stephen
to the arguments. The basic functions defined in this library, which are defined in terms of natural numberInternal Note #182 Computational Logic, Inc. March 14, 1990 AN INTEGER LIBRARY FOR NQTHM 1 Matt@cli.com This note contains a brief summary of an integer library that has been created for nqthm. This discussion
Internal Note #182 Computational Logic, Inc.
Boyer, Robert Stephen
to the arguments. The basic functions defined in this library, which are defined in terms of natural numberInternal Note #182 Computational Logic, Inc. March 14, 1990 AN INTEGER LIBRARY FOR NQTHM 1Matt@cli.com This note contains a brief summary of an integer library that has been created for nqthm. This discussion
Sympathetic cooling of 9 for quantum logic
Sympathetic cooling of 9 Be¿ and 24 Mg¿ for quantum logic M. D. Barrett, B. DeMarco, T. Schaetz, D, USA Received 4 June 2003; published 3 October 2003 We demonstrate the cooling of a two species ion crystal consisting of one 9 Be and one 24 Mg ion. Since the respective cooling transitions of these two
LOGIC SEMINAR Friday, September 14, 2001
Harizanov, Valentina S.
FALL 2001 LOGIC SEMINAR Friday, September 14, 2001 11:30a.m. Funger 428B Speaker: Mietek Dabkowski, GWU Title: Ordered groups, Part I Friday, September 21, 2001 11:30a.m. Funger 428B Speaker: Mietek Dabkowski, GWU Title: Ordered groups, Part II Friday, October 5, 2001 11:00a.m. Funger 428B Speaker: Gosia
The Journal of Functional and Logic Programming
Khoo, Siau Cheng
The Journal of Functional and Logic Programming The MIT Press Volume 1996, Article 4 13 November, 1996 ISSN 1080--5230. MIT Press Journals, 55 Hayward St., Cambridge, MA 02142, USA; (617)2532889; journalsorders@mit.edu, journalsinfo@mit.edu. Published one article at a time in L A T E X source form
The Journal of Functional and Logic Programming
de Vries, Fer-Jan
The Journal of Functional and Logic Programming The MIT Press Volume 1999, Article 1 16 February, 1999 ISSN 10805230. MIT Press Journals, Five Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142-1493, USA; (617)253-2889; journals-orders@mit.edu, journals-info @mit.edu. Published one article at a time in LATEX source form
The Journal of Functional and Logic Programming
de Vries, Fer-Jan
The Journal of Functional and Logic Programming ISSN 1080-5230. MIT Press Journals, Five Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142-1493, USA; (617)253-2889; journals-orders@mit.edu, journals-info @mit.edu. Published one article at a time in LATEX source form
The Journal of Functional and Logic Programming
Kamareddine, Fairouz
The Journal of Functional and Logic Programming The MIT Press Volume 1998, Article 5 4 June, 1998 ISSN 1080{5230. MIT Press Journals, Five Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142-1493, USA; (617)253-2889; journals-orders@mit.edu, journals-info @mit.edu. Published one article at a time in LATEX source form
The Journal of Functional and Logic Programming
de Vries, Fer-Jan
The Journal of Functional and Logic Programming The MIT Press Volume 1999, Article 1 16 February, 1999 ISSN 1080--5230. MIT Press Journals, Five Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 021421493, USA; (617)2532889; journalsorders@mit.edu, journalsinfo @mit.edu. Published one article at a time in L A T E X source form
Logic Synthesis for Integrated Optics Christopher Condrat
Kalla, Priyank
Logic Synthesis for Integrated Optics Christopher Condrat chris@g6net.com Priyank Kalla kalla, Salt Lake City, UT, USA ABSTRACT As silicon photonics technology matures, optical devices methods for synthesizing optical devices for large-scale designs. We present design and synthesis method
Sisl: Several Interfaces, Single Logic Thomas Ballz
LÃ¤ufer, Konstantin
Sisl: Several Interfaces, Single Logic Thomas Ballz Christopher Colby+ Peter Danielseny Lalita such as information and e-commerce services are becoming increasingly more flexible in the types of user interfaces they support. These interfaces incorporate automatic speech recognition and natural language understanding
PROPOSITIONAL MIXED LOGIC: ITS SYNTAX AND SEMANTICS
Nour, Karim
to propositional minimal logic (abbreviated PLM). The best known formalization consists to adding the intuitionistic absurdity rule (from the absurdity we can deduce all formulas) to PLM to obtain PLI, and to adding the classical absurdity rule (a non false formula is true) to PLM (or PLI) to obtain PLC. With this kind
Internal Note #241 Computational Logic, Inc.
Boyer, Robert Stephen
, similar to one shown to work correctly on ordered trees by Boyer and Moore, works correctly on search], Boyer and Moore defined the abstract data type ``ordered tree'', gave a tree insertion algorithm defined as a recursive function in the BoyerMoore logic, and proved mechanically that this insertion function works
Internal Note #185 Computational Logic, Inc.
Boyer, Robert Stephen
Users of the BoyerMoore Theorem Prover 1 Matt Kaufmann Computational Logic, Inc. 1717 W. Sixth Street : Use the BoyerMoore theorem prover to prove that if one rotates the elements of a list by n, where n a little familiarity with the BoyerMoore theorem prover. In order to illustrate the use of the 3 Boyer
Internal Note #185 Computational Logic, Inc.
Boyer, Robert Stephen
Users of the Boyer-Moore Theorem Prover 1Matt Kaufmann Computational Logic, Inc. 1717 W. Sixth Street : Use the Boyer-Moore theorem prover to prove that if one rotates the elements of a list by n, where n a little familiarity with the Boyer-Moore theorem prover. In order to illustrate the use of the 3Boyer
Handling Spatial Relations in Logical Concept Analysis
Ferré, Sébastien
the benefits of our approach with traditional Geographical Information Systems (GIS). 1 Introduction In previous work [1], we have applied Logical Information Systems (LIS) to explore of geographical data. LIS and the de- mocratization of geographical information, the amount of geo-localized data that is available
Demonstrations: sound source for Doppler shift
Boal, David
of the Universe Doppler effect The technique for measuring the velocities of very remote galaxies is based uponDemonstrations: ·sound source for Doppler shift ·big balloon and labels Text: Mod. Phys. 8.A, 8.B, 8.C Problems: 1, 3, 6, 7 from Ch. 8 What's important: ·Doppler shift ·Hubble's law ·age
BIODIVERSITY Accounting for tree line shift, glacier
Zimmermann, Niklaus E.
BIODIVERSITY RESEARCH Accounting for tree line shift, glacier retreat and primary succession land cover (tree line shift, glacier retreat and primary succession) into species distribution model. Methods We fit linear mixed effects (LME) models to historical changes in forest and glacier cover
Zhang, Yan
Under consideration for publication in Theory and Practice of Logic Programming 1 Two Results for Prioritized Logic Programming YAN ZHANG School of Computing and Information Technology University of Western to be thoroughly explored. In this paper, we investigate two proper ties of prioritized logic programs
Amsterdam, University of
-structural logics around 1990, and it is a powerful movement today. 1 But gradually, I have changed my mind about and answers, dialogue, or general communication. And logical systems should deal with a wide variety of these, making information-carrying events first-class citizens in their set-up. This program of logical dynamics
Ramakrishnan, C. R.
in Probabilistic Logic Programs with Continuous Random Variables Muhammad Asiful Islam, C.R. Ramakrishnan, I possible models of the program. Operationally, the combined statistical/logical inference is performedUnder consideration for publication in Theory and Practice of Logic Programming 1 Inference
Krylov space solvers for shifted linear systems
B. Jegerlehner
1996-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the application of Krylov space methods to the solution of shifted linear systems of the form (A+\\sigma) x - b = 0 for several values of \\sigma simultaneously, using only as many matrix-vector operations as the solution of a single system requires. We find a suitable description of the problem, allowing us to understand known algorithms in a common framework and developing shifted methods basing on short recurrence methods, most notably the CG and the BiCGstab solvers. The convergence properties of these shifted solvers are well understood and the derivation of other shifted solvers is easily possible. The application of these methods to quark propagator calculations in quenched QCD using Wilson and Clover fermions is discussed and numerical examples in this framework are presented. With the shifted CG method an optimal algorithm for staggered fermions is available.
Search for Higgs shifts in white dwarfs
Roberto Onofrio; Gary A. Wegner
2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
We report on a search for differential shifts between electronic and vibronic transitions in carbon-rich white dwarfs BPM 27606 and Procyon B. The absence of differential shifts within the spectral resolution and taking into account systematic effects such as space motion and pressure shifts allows us to set the first upper bound of astrophysical origin on the coupling between the Higgs field and the Kreschmann curvature invariant. Our analysis provides the basis for a more general methodology to derive bounds to the coupling of long-range scalar fields to curvature invariants in an astrophysical setting complementary to the ones available from high-energy physics or table-top experiments.
Theory of the helium isotope shift
Yerokhin, Vladimir A
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Theory of the isotope shift of the centroid energies of light few-electron atoms is reviewed. Numerical results are presented for the isotope shift of the $2^3P$-$2^3S$ and $2^1S$-$2^3S$ transition energies of $^3$He and $^4$He. By comparing theoretical predictions for the isotope shift with the experimental results, the difference of the squares of the nuclear charge radii of $^3$He and $^4$He, $\\delta R^2$, is determined with high accuracy.
On the meaning of logical completeness
Basaldella, Michele
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Goedel's completeness theorem is concerned with provability, while Girard's theorem in ludics (as well as full completeness theorems in game semantics) are concerned with proofs. Our purpose is to look for a connection between these two disciplines. Following a previous work [3], we consider an extension of the original ludics with contraction and universal nondeterminism, which play dual roles, in order to capture a polarized fragment of linear logic and thus a constructive variant of classical propositional logic. We then prove a completeness theorem for proofs in this extended setting: for any behaviour (formula) A and any design (proof attempt) P, either P is a proof of A or there is a model M of the orthogonal of A which defeats P. Compared with proofs of full completeness in game semantics, ours exhibits a striking similarity with proofs of Goedel's completeness, in that it explicitly constructs a countermodel essentially using Koenig's lemma, proceeds by induction on formulas, and implies an analogue o...
Design principles for shift current photovoltaics
Cook, Ashley M; de Juan, Fernando; Moore, Joel E
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
While the basic principles and limitations of conventional solar cells are well understood, relatively little attention has gone toward evaluating and maximizing the potential efficiency of photovoltaic devices based on shift currents. In this work, a sum rule approach is introduced and used to outline design principles for optimizing shift currents for photon energies near the band gap, which depend on Berry connections as well as standard band structure. Using these we identify two new classes of shift current photovoltaics, ferroelectric polymer films and orthorhombic monochalcogenides, both of which exhibit peak photoresponsivities larger than predictions for previously known photovoltaics of this type. Using physically motivated tight-binding models, the full frequency dependent response of these materials is obtained. Exploring the phase space of these models, we find photoresponsivities that can exceed $100$ mA/W. These results show that considering the microscopic origin of shift current via effective...
Integral equations, fractional calculus and shift operator
D. Babusci; G. Dattoli; D. Sacchetti
2010-07-29T23:59:59.000Z
We present an extension of a previously developed method employing the formalism of the fractional derivatives to solve new classes of integral equations. This method uses different forms of integral operators that generalizes the exponential shift operator.
Does accounting quality mitigate risk shifting?
Loktionov, Yuri V
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This study examines the effect of financial reporting quality on risk shifting, an investment distortion that is caused by shareholders' incentives to engage in high-risk projects that are detrimental to debt holders. I ...
On the system CL12 of computability logic
Japaridze, Giorgi
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Computability logic (see http://www.cis.upenn.edu/~giorgi/cl.html) is a long-term project for redeveloping logic on the basis of a constructive game semantics, with games seen as abstract models of interactive computational problems. Among the fragments of this logic successfully axiomatized so far is CL12 --- a conservative extension of classical first-order logic, whose language augments that of classical logic with the so called choice sorts of quantifiers and connectives. This system has already found fruitful applications as a logical basis for constructive and complexity-oriented versions of Peano arithmetic, such as arithmetics for polynomial time computability, polynomial space computability, and beyond. The present paper introduces a third, indispensable complexity measure for interactive computations termed amplitude complexity, and establishes the adequacy of CL12 with respect to A-amplitude, S-space and T-time computability under certain minimal conditions on the triples (A,S,T) of function classe...
A Note on the Implementation and Applications of Linear Logic Programming Languages
Harland, James
A Note on the Implementation and Applications of Linear Logic Programming Languages J.A. Harland D programming languages, such as Prolog, have their origins in classical logic. Recently it has been shown how logic programming languages can be based on lin ear logic, a logic designed with bounded re sources
Fokkink, Wan
Subjective Logic Extensions for the Semantic Web Davide Ceolin, Archana Nottamkandath, and Wan. Subjective logic is a powerful probabilistic logic which is use- ful to handle data in case of uncertainty. Subjective logic and the Seman- tic Web can mutually benefit from each other, since subjective logic
Scalar Field Theories with Polynomial Shift Symmetries
Tom Griffin; Kevin T. Grosvenor; Petr Horava; Ziqi Yan
2015-08-04T23:59:59.000Z
We continue our study of naturalness in nonrelativistic QFTs of the Lifshitz type, focusing on scalar fields that can play the role of Nambu-Goldstone (NG) modes associated with spontaneous symmetry breaking. Such systems allow for an extension of the constant shift symmetry to a shift by a polynomial of degree $P$ in spatial coordinates. These "polynomial shift symmetries" in turn protect the technical naturalness of modes with a higher-order dispersion relation, and lead to a refinement of the proposed classification of infrared Gaussian fixed points available to describe NG modes in nonrelativistic theories. Generic interactions in such theories break the polynomial shift symmetry explicitly to the constant shift. It is thus natural to ask: Given a Gaussian fixed point with polynomial shift symmetry of degree $P$, what are the lowest-dimension operators that preserve this symmetry, and deform the theory into a self-interacting scalar field theory with the shift symmetry of degree $P$? To answer this (essentially cohomological) question, we develop a new graph-theoretical technique, and use it to prove several classification theorems. First, in the special case of $P=1$ (essentially equivalent to Galileons), we reproduce the known Galileon $N$-point invariants, and find their novel interpretation in terms of graph theory, as an equal-weight sum over all labeled trees with $N$ vertices. Then we extend the classification to $P>1$ and find a whole host of new invariants, including those that represent the most relevant (or least irrelevant) deformations of the corresponding Gaussian fixed points, and we study their uniqueness.
Effectiveness in RPL, with Applications to Continuous Logic
Didehvar, Farzad; Pourmahdian, Massoud; 10.1016/j.apal.2009.06.008
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we introduce a foundation for computable model theory of rational Pavelka logic (an extension of {\\L}ukasiewicz logic) and continuous logic, and prove effective versions of some theorems in model theory. We show how to reduce continuous logic to rational Pavelka logic. We also define notions of computability and decidability of a model for logics with computable, but uncountable, set of truth values; show that provability degree of a formula w.r.t. a linear theory is computable, and use this to carry out an effective Henkin construction. Therefore, for any effectively given consistent linear theory in continuous logic, we effectively produce its decidable model. This is the best possible, since we show that the computable model theory of continuous logic is an extension of computable model theory of classical logic. We conclude with noting that the unique separable model of a separably categorical and computably axiomatizable theory (such as that of a probability space or an $L^p$ Banach lattic...
FORMT: Form-based Mutation Testing of Logical Specifications
Faatz, Andreas
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The draft paper defines a system, which is capable of maintaining bases of test cases for logical specifications. The specifications, which are subject to this system are transformed from their original shape in first-order logic to form-based expressions as originally introduced in logics of George Spencer-Brown. The innovation comes from the operations the system provides when injecting faults - so-called mutations - to the specifications. The system presented here applies to logical specifications from areas as different as programming, ontologies or hardware specifications.
Finger length ratio (2D:4D) and sex differences in aggression during a simulated war game
Cosmides, Leda
Finger length ratio (2D:4D) and sex differences in aggression during a simulated war game Matthew H), and unprovoked attack during a simulated war game (n = 176). We also investigated whether 2D:4D mediated; Narcissism, social dominance orientation; Stress; Self-esteem; Aggression; War 0191-8869/$ - see front matter
The Cost of Male Aggression and Polygyny in California Sea Lions (Zalophus californianus)
Gerber, Leah R.
The Cost of Male Aggression and Polygyny in California Sea Lions (Zalophus californianus) Leah R territory sizes were associated with lower estimates of female fecundity within the same year. Female growth rate by lowering female fecundity. Females may attempt to offset male-related reductions in female
A DSM Cluster Architecture Supporting Aggressive Computation in Active Peter Graham
Graham, Peter
path. The use of DSM simplifies the imple- mentation, and extends the capabilities, of the activeA DSM Cluster Architecture Supporting Aggressive Computation in Active Networks Peter Graham Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3T 2N2 pgraham@cs.umanitoba.ca Abstract Active networks allow computations
Assisted Teleoperation Strategies for Aggressively Controlling a Robot Arm with 2D Input
Indiana University
Assisted Teleoperation Strategies for Aggressively Controlling a Robot Arm with 2D Input Erkang You,hauserk}@indiana.edu Abstract--This paper studies assisted teleoperation techniques for controlling a 6DOF robot arm using click enable novice users to control robot arms successfully in applications such as material handling
Aggressive melanoma cells escape from BMP7-mediated autocrine growth inhibition through coordinated
Engelhardt, John F.
Aggressive melanoma cells escape from BMP7-mediated autocrine growth inhibition through coordinated melanoma correlates with tumor progression. However, melanoma cells are either inhibited by or become that the expression of BMP antagonist, Noggin, correlates with resistance to BMP7 in advanced melanoma cells. To test
Delville, Yvon
Vasopressin/Serotonin Interactions in the Anterior Hypothalamus Control Aggressive Behavior is the basolateral hypothalamus, particularly the anterior hypothalamic region. The present studies examine the neuroanatomical and neuro- chemical interaction between AVP and 5-HT at the level of the anterior hypothalamus (AH
Level shift operators for open quantum systems
Marco Merkli
2006-01-07T23:59:59.000Z
Level shift operators describe the second order displacement of eigenvalues under perturbation. They play a central role in resonance theory and ergodic theory of open quantum systems at positive temperatures. We exhibit intrinsic properties of level shift operators, properties which stem from the structure of open quantum systems at positive temperatures and which are common to all such systems. They determine the geometry of resonances bifurcating from eigenvalues of positive temperature Hamiltonians and they relate the Gibbs state, the kernel of level shift operators, and zero energy resonances. We show that degeneracy of energy levels of the small part of the open quantum system causes the Fermi Golden Rule Condition to be violated and we analyze ergodic properties of such systems.
Gay, Simon
Logic Kohei Honda Queen Mary, London Department of Computer Science Queen Mary, London Abstract We; Berger et al. 2003; Honda and Yoshida 2002; Honda and Yoshida 2003; Honda et al. 2004; Yoshida et al language, leaving the full technical development to (Honda 2004a; Honda 2004b). 1 Introduction Program
Signal Speed in Nanomagnetic Logic Chains
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey Inside theFacebook Twitter YouTubeOfficeSecurityServicesSignal Speed in Nanomagnetic Logic
WindLogics Inc | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onsource History View NewUS National Fuel CellFacilityWickliffe, Ohio:Willis,source History View NewTurbinesWindWindLogics
Quantum logic with weakly coupled qubits
Michael R. Geller; Emily J. Pritchett; Andrei Galiautdinov; John M. Martinis
2009-06-29T23:59:59.000Z
There are well-known protocols for performing CNOT quantum logic with qubits coupled by particular high-symmetry (Ising or Heisenberg) interactions. However, many architectures being considered for quantum computation involve qubits or qubits and resonators coupled by more complicated and less symmetric interactions. Here we consider a widely applicable model of weakly but otherwise arbitrarily coupled two-level systems, and use quantum gate design techniques to derive a simple and intuitive CNOT construction. Useful variations and extensions of the solution are given for common special cases.
Quantum logic with weakly coupled qubits
Geller, Michael R; Galiautdinov, Andrei; Martinis, John M
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
There are well-known protocols for performing CNOT quantum logic with qubits coupled by particular high-symmetry (Ising or Heisenberg) interactions. However, many architectures being considered for quantum computation involve qubits or qubits and resonators coupled by more complicated and less symmetric interactions. Here we consider a widely applicable model of weakly but otherwise arbitrarily coupled two-level systems, and use quantum gate design techniques to derive a simple and intuitive CNOT construction. Useful variations and extensions of the solution are given for common special cases.
GeckoLogic | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a g eWorks - As Prepared forChoice Electric CoEurusGansu Xin an Wind Power Co LtdGeckoLogic Jump to:
Office of Legacy Management (LM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23Tribal EnergyCatalytic Co - PA 40 FUSRAPChupadera Mesa NM ActionWashington,GhemlatryRADIoLOGICALsURvEY
Proton Mass Shift in Muonic Hydrogen Atom
Aiichi Iwazaki
2014-08-11T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the value of the proton mass depends on each bound state of muonic or electronic hydrogen atom. The charged particle bound to the proton produces magnetic field inside the proton. This makes a change to the amount of chiral condensate inside the proton. The change gives rise to the shift in the value of the proton mass. Numerically, the shift in the $2S$ state of the muonic hydrogen atom can be of the order of $0.1$ meV. The effect may solve the puzzle of the proton radius.
Lamb shift in muonic helium ion
A. P. Martynenko
2014-07-09T23:59:59.000Z
The Lamb shift (2P_{1/2}-2S_{1/2}) in the muonic helium ion (mu ^4_2He)^+ is calculated with the account of contributions of orders alpha^3, alpha^4, alpha^5 and alpha^6. Special attention is given to corrections of the electron vacuum polarization, the nuclear structure and recoil effects. The obtained numerical value of the Lamb shift 1379.028 meV can be considered as a reliable estimate for the comparison with experimental data.
O'Brien, Karen Michelle
2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
In order to determine whether Euro-American teachers over-perceive aggression in African-American children, peer ratings of aggression were obtained via a modified version of the Revised Class Play (Masten, Morrison, & Pellegrini 1985) for 134 Euro...
CHR(PRISM)-based Probabilistic Logic Learning
Sneyers, Jon; Vennekens, Joost; Kameya, Yoshitaka; Sato, Taisuke; 10.1017/S1471068410000207
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
PRISM is an extension of Prolog with probabilistic predicates and built-in support for expectation-maximization learning. Constraint Handling Rules (CHR) is a high-level programming language based on multi-headed multiset rewrite rules. In this paper, we introduce a new probabilistic logic formalism, called CHRiSM, based on a combination of CHR and PRISM. It can be used for high-level rapid prototyping of complex statistical models by means of "chance rules". The underlying PRISM system can then be used for several probabilistic inference tasks, including probability computation and parameter learning. We define the CHRiSM language in terms of syntax and operational semantics, and illustrate it with examples. We define the notion of ambiguous programs and define a distribution semantics for unambiguous programs. Next, we describe an implementation of CHRiSM, based on CHR(PRISM). We discuss the relation between CHRiSM and other probabilistic logic programming languages, in particular PCHR. Finally we identify ...
Fast Offline Partial Evaluation of Large Logic Programs
Vidal, Germán
Fast Offline Partial Evaluation of Large Logic Programs Michael Leuschel1 and Germ´an Vidal2 1 is independent of a selection rule, into a classical BTA for offline partial evaluation of logic programs termination. We also show that through the use of selective hints, we can achieve both good specialisation
Logic Programming SS 2013 Solution -Exam 21.08.2013
Ábrahám, Erika
solution: p = {(si (0), sj (0), sk (0)) | i, j, k 0} 2 #12;Logic Programming SS 2013 Solution - Exam 21Logic Programming SS 2013 Solution - Exam 21.08.2013 aaProf. Dr. Jürgen Giesl Carsten Otto Master Exam Version V3M First Name: Last Name: Immatriculation Number: Course of Studies (please mark exactly
Logic Programming SS 2013 Solution -Exam 21.08.2013
Ábrahám, Erika
solution: p = {(si (0), sj (0), sk (0)) | i, j, k 0} 2 #12;Logic Programming SS 2013 Solution - Exam 21Logic Programming SS 2013 Solution - Exam 21.08.2013 aaProf. Dr. Jürgen Giesl Carsten Otto Bachelor/Master Exam Version V3B First Name: Last Name: Immatriculation Number: Course of Studies (please mark exactly
Language Independence and Language Tolerance in Logic Programs
Turner, Hudson
Language Independence and Language Tolerance in Logic Programs Norman McCain and Hudson Turner of a logic program depend in general upon both the rules of the program and its language. However of the program in only a restricted way. In this paper, we de ne notions of language independence and language
A LOGIC PROGRAMMING APPROACH TO MANIPULATING FORMULAS AND PROGRAMS
Miller, Dale
A LOGIC PROGRAMMING APPROACH TO MANIPULATING FORMULAS AND PROGRAMS Dale Miller Computer are replaced with simply typed -terms. For such a logic programming language to be complete in principle first-order unification, its availability makes writing certain kinds of programs far more
A LOGIC PROGRAMMING APPROACH TO MANIPULATING FORMULAS AND PROGRAMS
Miller, Dale
A LOGIC PROGRAMMING APPROACH TO MANIPULATING FORMULAS AND PROGRAMS Dale Miller Computer are replaced with simply typed â??Âterms. For such a logic programming language to be complete in principle firstÂorder unification, its availability makes writing certain kinds of programs far more
Exploiting Logic Program Schemata to Teach Recursive Programming
Gegg-Harrison, Tim
1 Exploiting Logic Program Schemata to Teach Recursive Programming Timothy S. Gegg conditional recursion (i.e., a structured recursive equivalent to the WHILE loop) into logic programming improve the skills of the student. In the domain of computer programming, collaboration is an authentic
Termination and Reduction Checking for Higher-Order Logic Programs
Pientka, Brigitte
Termination and Reduction Checking for Higher-Order Logic Programs Brigitte Pientka Department, we present a syntax-directed termination and reduction checker for higher-order logic programs and output of well-moded predicates. These reduction con- straints are exploited during termination checking
Termination and Reduction Checking for HigherOrder Logic Programs
Pientka, Brigitte
Termination and Reduction Checking for HigherÂOrder Logic Programs Brigitte Pientka Department, we present a syntaxÂdirected termination and reduction checker for higherÂorder logic programs and output of wellÂmoded predicates. These reduction conÂ straints are exploited during termination checking
Transient Analysis of Linear Circuits using Constraint Logic Programming
Gilbert, David
Transient Analysis of Linear Circuits using Constraint Logic Programming Archana Shankar, David London EC1V 0HB, UK Abstract This paper describes the design of a transient analysis program for linear circuits and its implementation in a Constraint Logic Programming language, CLP(R). The transient analysis
Hyper Logic Programs in SILK: Redefining the KR Playing Field
1 Hyper Logic Programs in SILK: Redefining the KR Playing Field for Business and VLKB Benjamin Logic Programs KR · Conclusions · How You can be Involved #12;3 Project Halo Starts · Begun by Vulcan of a textbook page of knowledge that users enter, edit, and utilize #12;8 Enter the Semantic Web Era ... · How
Predicting Protein Folding Kinetics via Temporal Logic Model Checking
Predicting Protein Folding Kinetics via Temporal Logic Model Checking Christopher James Langmead award from the U.S. Department of Energy. #12;Keywords: protein folding, model checking, temporal logic #12;Abstract We present a novel approach for predicting protein folding kinetics using techniques from
Focusing in Linear Meta Logic of August, 2008
Nigam, Vivek
s Encoding Systems s Results s Conclusions and Future Works #12;3 IJCAR'08 Overview LOne specification Some logical equivalences Sequent Calculus Natural Deduction Tableaux Systems Several Systems F Â´ F 0 #12;4 IJCAR'08 Agenda s Overview s Linear Logic and Focusing s Encoding Systems s Results s Conclusions
Temporal Logics for Concurrent Recursive Programs: Satisfiability and Model Checking
Bollig, Benedikt
Temporal Logics for Concurrent Recursive Programs: Satisfiability and Model Checking Benedikt,cyriac,gastin,zeitoun}@lsv.ens-cachan.fr Abstract. We develop a general framework for the design of temporal logics for concurrent recursive programs. A program execution is modeled as a partial order with multiple nesting relations. To specify
Computational Model of Graphenen-Based Logic Gates and Architectures
Yue, Kun
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
graphene is a semi-metal or zero-gap semiconductor [1].Graphene-Based Non-Boolean Logic Circuit". arXiv: The International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors,graphene-based analog logic circuits able to complement of complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (
Description Logics as Ontology Languages for the Semantic Web
Baader, Franz
Description Logics as Ontology Languages for the Semantic Web Franz Baader 1 , Ian Horrocks 2. The vision of a Semantic Web has recently drawn consider- able attention, both from academia and industry. Description logics are often named as one of the tools that can support the Semantic Web and thus help to make
Safety Logics I: Absolute Safety Zhisheng Huang and John Bell #
Huang, Zhisheng
extensions of it. We then give an example of reasoning about safety in nuclear power stations, and concludeSafety Logics I: Absolute Safety Zhisheng Huang and John Bell # Applied Logic Group Department}@dcs.qmw.ac.uk Abstract In this paper we distinguish between absolute safety and normative safety, and develop a formal
A Statistical Learning Method for Logic Programs with Distribution
Sato, Taisuke
A Statistical Learning Method for Logic Programs with Distribution Semantics Taisuke SATO Tokyo a joint distribution P F is given to a set F of facts in a logic program DB = F [R where R is a set rigor. Thus symbolic computation and statistical modeling are integrated at semantic level
Constraint Orientated Specification with CSP and Real Time Temporal Logic
Kent, University of
Constraint Orientated Specification with CSP and Real Time Temporal Logic Justin Pearson Department Processes (CSP) [Hoa85] and a version of Propositional Temporal Logic (PTL), derived from [Eme90]. CSP. The behaviour of a CSP process is dependent on its environment; it is therefore difficult to assert global
MATHEMATICAL MODAL LOGIC: A VIEW OF ITS EVOLUTION
Goldblatt, Rob
fundamental logical no- tion of necessity, nor consequently of possi- bility. If this conclusion is valid, and ethics. Most recently, modal symbolism and model theory have been put to use in computer science they were Handbook of the History of Logic. Volume 7 Dov M. Gabbay and John Woods (Editors) c 2006 Elsevier
An Integrated Logic for Termination and Non-Termination Reasoning
Hobor, Aquinas
An Integrated Logic for Termination and Non-Termination Reasoning Ton-Chanh Le, Cristian Gherghina. We propose a logical framework for specifying and proving assertions about program termination and non-termination. Although program termination has been well studied, it is usually added
Temporal Logic in Information Systems BRICS Minicourse Lecture Notes \\Lambda
Toman, David
Temporal Logic in Information Systems BRICS Minicourse Lecture Notes \\Lambda Jan Chomicki Dept the fundamental vari eties of temporal logic and describe their applications in information systems. Several of the Danish National Research Foundation, 1997. c fl Jan Chomicki and David Toman, 1997. Full version
Towards a Logical Reconstruction of Information Retrieval Theory
Sebastiani, Fabrizio
Towards a Logical Reconstruction of Information Retrieval Theory Fabrizio Sebastiani Istituto di theory". We show that precisely the same distinction can be applied to logical models of IR developed so in the history of information retrieval, sharply summarised the status of IR theory by saying that "(. . . ) deep
Quantum Logic Gates in Superconducting Qubits John M. Martinis
Martinis, John M.
Quantum Logic Gates in Superconducting Qubits John M. Martinis Department of Physics University on surface codes may allow errors in the 10-2 range [2]. Much research in superconducting qubits has been di for superconducting qubits, since they typically use fixed coupling elements set by fabrication. TRANSITION LOGIC
A Stronger Notion of Equivalence for Logic Programs
New South Wales, University of
A Stronger Notion of Equivalence for Logic Programs Ka-Shu Wong University of New South Wales Sydney 2052, Australia #12;Abstract Several different notions of equivalence have been proposed for logic programs with answer set semantics, most notably strong equivalence. However, strong equivalence
Regular Equivalence and Dynamic Logic Maarten Marx and Michael Masuch
Amsterdam, University of
Regular Equivalence and Dynamic Logic Maarten Marx #3; and Michael Masuch Institure for Logic equivalence relation on a social network. That is, a formal language of position terms is de#12;ned with the property that on #12;nite networks, two actors are regularly equivalent if and only if they cannot
Handling Database Updates in Two-dimensional Temporal Logic
Finger, Marcelo
Handling Database Updates in Two-dimensional Temporal Logic Marcelo Finger y Department (Draft version 0.2) Abstract This paper deals with the description of the evolution of the understanding in database systems due to updates. For this purpose, we introduce a two-dimensional temporal logic
GEOLIS : A Logical Information System for Geographical Data
Ferré, Sébastien
GEOLIS : A Logical Information System for Geographical Data O. Bedel* 1 -- S. Ferré* -- O. Ridoux. KEYWORDS: Logical Information Systems, geographical data, navigation, querying. MOTS-CLÉS : Systèmes d'information organisation is the prevailling model for handling information in Geographical Information Systems (GIS
Automation-considered Logic of Authentication and Key Distribution
Kwon, Taekyoung
methods are focused on the automation-based model checking that relies on building a finite modelAutomation-considered Logic of Authentication and Key Distribution Taekyoung Kwon1 and Seongan Lim2 Abstract. This paper presents an automation-considered logic of au- thentication for reasoning about
Formal Theory Building Using Automated Reasoning Tools Applied Logic Laboratory
Kamps, Jaap
Formal Theory Building Using Automated Reasoning Tools Jaap Kamps Applied Logic Laboratory-order logic and existing automated rea- soning tools for formal theory building, and illustrates, automated reasoning provides some valuable tools for this endeavor. This paper discusses the use of first
Synthesis for Logical Initializability of Synchronous Finite State Machines
Synthesis for Logical Initializability of Synchronous Finite State Machines Montek Singh Steven M for the synthesis for logical initializability of synchronous state machines. The goal is to synthesize a gate to physically reset machines if they get out of synchronism. Furthermore, a form of initializability called
Synthesis for Logical Initializability of Synchronous Finite State Machines \\Lambda
Synthesis for Logical Initializability of Synchronous Finite State Machines \\Lambda Montek Singh is introduced for the synthesis for logical initializability of synchronous state machines. The goal that initializes the state machine is called its synchronizing sequence or initialization sequence. A synchronizing
GEOLIS : A Logical Information System for Geographical Data
Ferré, Sébastien
GEOLIS : A Logical Information System for Geographical Data O. Bedel* 1 -- S. Ferré* -- O. Ridoux jeu de données réelles. KEYWORDS: Logical Information Systems, geographical data, navigation, querying in geomatics for handling geographical information. However, the layer model is rigid: it implies partitionning
Is there a use for linear logic? Philip Wadler
Wadler, Philip
Is there a use for linear logic? Philip Wadler University of Glasgow \\Lambda March 1991 Abstract Past attempts to apply Girard's linear logic have either had a clear relation to the theory (Lafont. Type reconstruction in a linear type sys tem can derive information about sharing. An ap proach
Knowledge Compilation in the Modal Logic S5 Meghyn Bienvenu
Lutz, Carsten
Knowledge Compilation in the Modal Logic S5 Meghyn Bienvenu Universit¨at Bremen Bremen, Germany@cril.univ-artois.fr Abstract In this paper, we study the knowledge compilation task for propositional epistemic logic S5. We map to S5. We then show that the notion of disjunctive normal form (DNF) can be profitably extended
Water-Gas Shift Membrane Reactor Studies
Reactor Fuels and Chemicals Generator Steam Turbine Combustion Turbine Heat Recovery Steam Generator Coal, Petroleum coke, Biomass, Waste, etc. Gasifier Particulate Removal Air Separator Oxygen Air Steam Particulates Steam Solid Waste Gas Cleanup Sulfur Byproduct Compressed Air Synthesis Gas Conversion Shift
SMT-based Bounded Model Checking with Difference Logic Constraints
Bersani, Marcello M; Morzenti, Angelo; Pradella, Matteo; Rossi, Matteo; Pietro, Pierluigi San
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Traditional Bounded Model Checking (BMC) is based on translating the model checking problem into SAT, the Boolean satisfiability problem. This paper introduces an encoding of Linear Temporal Logic with Past operators (PLTL) into the Quantifier-Free Difference Logic with Uninterpreted Functions (QF-UFIDL). The resulting encoding is a simpler and more concise version of existing SATbased encodings, currently used in BMC. In addition, we present an extension of PLTL augmented with arithmetic relations over integers, which can express unbounded counters; as such, the extended logic is more expressive than PLTL. We introduce suitable restrictions and assumptions that are shown to make the verification problem for the extended logic decidable, and we define an encoding of the new logic into QF-UFIDL. Finally, a performance comparison with the SAT-based approach on purely PLTL examples shows significant improvements in terms of both execution time and memory occupation.
Inference in Probabilistic Logic Programs with Continuous Random Variables
Islam, Muhammad Asiful; Ramakrishnan, I V
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Probabilistic Logic Programming (PLP), exemplified by Sato and Kameya's PRISM, Poole's ICL, Raedt et al's ProbLog and Vennekens et al's LPAD, is aimed at combining statistical and logical knowledge representation and inference. A key characteristic of PLP frameworks is that they are conservative extensions to non-probabilistic logic programs which have been widely used for knowledge representation. PLP frameworks extend traditional logic programming semantics to a distribution semantics, where the semantics of a probabilistic logic program is given in terms of a distribution over possible models of the program. However, the inference techniques used in these works rely on enumerating sets of explanations for a query answer. Consequently, these languages permit very limited use of random variables with continuous distributions. In this paper, we present a symbolic inference procedure that uses constraints and represents sets of explanations without enumeration. This permits us to reason over PLPs with Gaussian...
Cabalar, Pedro
. An This research was partially supported by Spanish MEC project TIN2009-14562-C05-04, Xunta program INCITE 2011Under consideration for publication in Theory and Practice of Logic Programming 1 Causal Graph Justifications of Logic Programs Pedro Cabalar, Jorge Fandinno Department of Computer Science University
Venema, Yde
concrete applications in computer science, such as tools for the automatic verification of reactive systems model of state-based dynamics, and modal logic as a logic for dynamic systems, there are interesting for this language. Finally we show that the two approaches are equivalent in expressive power. We prove that any
Oak Ridge K-25 Site Technology Logic Diagram. Volume 2, Technology Logic Diagrams
Fellows, R.L. [ed.
1993-02-26T23:59:59.000Z
The Oak Ridge K-25 Technology Logic Diagram (TLD), a decision support tool for the K-25 Site, was developed to provide a planning document that relates envirorunental restoration and waste management problems at the Oak Ridge K-25 Site to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD technique identifies the research necessary to develop these technologies to a state that allows for technology transfer and application to waste management, remedial action, and decontamination and decommissioning activities. The TLD consists of four separate volumes-Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3A, and Vol. 3B. Volume 1 provides introductory and overview information about the TLD. This volume, Volume 2, contains logic diagrams with an index. Volume 3 has been divided into two separate volumes to facilitate handling and use.
Transformations of Logic Programs on Infinite Lists
Pettorossi, Alberto; Senni, Valerio; 10.1017/S1471068410000177
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider an extension of logic programs, called \\omega-programs, that can be used to define predicates over infinite lists. \\omega-programs allow us to specify properties of the infinite behavior of reactive systems and, in general, properties of infinite sequences of events. The semantics of \\omega-programs is an extension of the perfect model semantics. We present variants of the familiar unfold/fold rules which can be used for transforming \\omega-programs. We show that these new rules are correct, that is, their application preserves the perfect model semantics. Then we outline a general methodology based on program transformation for verifying properties of \\omega-programs. We demonstrate the power of our transformation-based verification methodology by proving some properties of Buechi automata and \\omega-regular languages.
A New Relation between Lamb Shift Energies
Hiroaki Kubo; Takehisa Fujita; Naohiro Kanda; Hiroshi Kato; Yasunori Munakata; Sachiko Oshima; Kazuhiro Tsuda
2010-03-26T23:59:59.000Z
We derive a new relation between the observed Lamb shift energies of hydrogen and muonium atoms. The relation is based on the non-relativistic description of the Lamb shift, and the proper treatment of the reduced mass of electron and target particles (proton and muon) leads to the new formula which is expressed as $\\displaystyle{{\\Delta E^{(H)}_{2s_{1/2}}\\over \\Delta E^{(\\mu)}_{2s_{1/2}}} =({1+{m_e\\over m_\\mu}\\over 1+{m_e\\over M_p}})^3}$. This relation achieves an excellent agreement with experiment and presents an important QED test free from the cutoff momentum $\\Lambda$.
Savage, Kristyn Echterling
2010-04-10T23:59:59.000Z
). Many times these dogs are relinquished to local animal shelters (Salman, Hutchison, & Ruch-Gallie., 2000; Wells & Hepper, 2000). Society incurs costs associated with the care of housing such dogs, including food, housing, medical treatment... with people” (Wright et al., 2005, p. 145). Simply put, if a dog is not friendly towards people they risk losing their house or life. In an attempt to properly assess and treat aggressive behavior, many animal behaviorists or trainers analyze...
Effects of Trait Behavioral Approach and Inhibition Sensitivity on Behavioral Aggression
Gravens, Laura Christine
2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Chair of Committee, Eddie Harmon-Jones Committee Members, Brandon Schmeichel Jeff Ackerman Head of Department, Ludy Benjamin May 2011 Major Subject: Psychology iii ABSTRACT... Effects of Trait Behavioral Approach and Inhibition Sensitivity on Behavioral Aggression. (May 2011) Laura Christine Gravens, B.S., Texas A&M University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Eddie Harmon-Jones Behavioral approach sensitivity (BAS) has...
Electricity pricing for conservation and load shifting
Orans, Ren; Woo, C.K.; Horii, Brian; Chait, Michele; DeBenedictis, Andrew
2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
The electricity industry is facing the challenge of increasing costs of reliably meeting demand growth and fully complying with legislative renewable portfolio standards and greenhouse gas reduction targets. However, an electric utility's existing tariffs often don't have rates that increase with consumption volume or vary by time of use, thus not fully exploiting the potential benefits from customer conservation and load shifting. (author)
Neubauer, J.; Wood, E.
2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
This presentation discusses a method of accounting for realistic levels of driver aggression to higher-level vehicle studies, including the impact of variation in real-world driving characteristics (acceleration and speed) on vehicle energy consumption and different powertrains (e.g., conventionally powered vehicles versus electrified drive vehicles [xEVs]). Aggression variation between drivers can increase fuel consumption by more than 50% or decrease it by more than 20% from average. The normalized fuel consumption deviation from average as a function of population percentile was found to be largely insensitive to powertrain. However, the traits of ideal driving behavior are a function of powertrain. In conventional vehicles, kinetic losses dominate rolling resistance and aerodynamic losses. In xEVs with regenerative braking, rolling resistance and aerodynamic losses dominate. The relation of fuel consumption predicted from real-world drive data to that predicted by the industry-standard HWFET, UDDS, LA92, and US06 drive cycles was not consistent across powertrains, and varied broadly from the mean, median, and mode of real-world driving. A drive cycle synthesized by NREL's DRIVE tool accurately and consistently reproduces average real-world for multiple powertrains within 1%, and can be used to calculate the fuel consumption effects of varying levels of driver aggression.
Adaptive optics simulation performance improvements using reconfigurable logic
Alastair Basden
2006-11-09T23:59:59.000Z
A technique used to accelerate an adaptive optics simulation platform using reconfigurable logic is described. The performance of parts of this simulation have been improved by up to 600 times (reducing computation times by this factor) by implementing algorithms within hardware and enables adaptive optics simulations to be carried out in a reasonable timescale. This demonstrates that it is possible to use reconfigurable logic to accelerate computational codes by very large factors when compared with conventional software approaches, and this has relevance for many computationally intensive applications. The use of reconfigurable logic for high performance computing is currently in its infancy and has never before been applied to this field.
Wilson, Timothy Wayne
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Fifteen yearling fallow bucks were randomly assigned by body weight to one of three treatment groups: control (C; n=5), melengestrol acetate (MGA; n=5), and zeranol (Z; n=5), to evaluate effects on testicular development, aggressive behavior...
Noland, Brian Joseph
2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
We evaluated the measurement equivalence of the Peer Experiences Questionnaire (PEQ) across samples from Brazil, Jamaica, and the United States and compared latent means of aggressive and bystander behaviors, victimization experiences...
Artificial Intelligence 47 (1991) 31-56 31 Logic and artificial intelligence
Pratt, Vaughan
1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Artificial Intelligence 47 (1991) 31-56 31 Elsevier Logic and artificial intelligence Nils J Abstract Nilsson, N.J., Logic and artificial intelligence, Artificial Intelligence 47 (1990) 31-56. The theoretical foundations of the logical approach to artificial intelligence are presented. Logical languages
TWO THEORIES FOR COMPUTING THE LOGICAL FORM OF MASS EXPRESSIONS Francis Jeffry Pelletier
There are various difficulties in accomodating the traditional logical expressions into larger expressions
Every logic between K 3 and S5 3 is undecidable and nonfinitely axiomatizable
Hirsch, Robin
Every logic between K 3 and S5 3 is undecidable and nonfinitely axiomatizable R. Hirsch, I between K 3 and S5 3 is undecidable. We also show that each of these logics is nonfinitely axiomatizable validates the logic. 1 Introduction and results Let L be any 3modal logic with K 3 ` L ` S5 3
Upadhyaya, K.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
AGRESSIVELY PASSIVE DESIGNING WITH CFD ESL-KT-13-12-48 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 ESL-KT-13-12-48 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16...-18 Can passive ventilation work in a hot humid climate ESL-KT-13-12-48 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 ESL-KT-13-12-48 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio...
Upadhyaya, K.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 ESL-KT-13-12-48 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 Euless- Family Life Center ESL-KT-13-12-48 CATEE 2013: Clean...AGRESSIVELY PASSIVE DESIGNING WITH CFD ESL-KT-13-12-48 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 ESL-KT-13-12-48 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16...
A Logic for Strategic Reasoning Wiebe van der Hoek
Woolridge, Mike
]. For example, the statement "if Napoleon won in 1812 then we all would speak French" is counterfactual, since it involves a sup- position ("Napoleon won in 1812") that is in fact false. Classical logic is of no use when
A Logic for Strategic Reasoning Wiebe van der Hoek
Woolridge, Mike
]. For example, the statement ``if Napoleon won in 1812 then we all would speak French'' is counterfactual, since it involves a sup position (``Napoleon won in 1812'') that is in fact false. Classical logic is of no use
Circuits for high-performance low-power VLSI logic
Ma, Albert
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The demands of future computing, as well as the challenges of nanometer-era VLSI design, require new digital logic techniques and styles that are simultaneously high performance, energy efficient, and robust to noise and ...
Design of Programmable Interconnect for Sublithographic Programmable Logic Arrays
DeHon, André
in diameter and switching elements which fit into the space of a single such wire crossing (e.g. [10, 29, monolithic PLA cannot exploit the structure in most logic functions. Since exploiting this structure is nec
A Decidable Timeout based Extension of Propositional Linear Temporal Logic
Misra, Janardan
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We develop a timeout based extension of propositional linear temporal logic (which we call TLTL) to specify timing properties of timeout based models of real time systems. TLTL formulas explicitly refer to a running global clock together with static timing variables as well as a dynamic variable abstracting the timeout behavior. We extend LTL with the capability to express timeout constraints. From the expressiveness view point, TLTL is not comparable with important known clock based real-time logics including TPTL, XCTL, and MTL, i.e., TLTL can specify certain properties, which cannot be specified in these logics (also vice-versa). We define a corresponding timeout tableau for satisfiability checking of the TLTL formulas. Also a model checking algorithm over timeout Kripke structure is presented. Further we prove that the validity checking for such an extended logic remains PSPACE-complete even in the presence of timeout constraints and infinite state models. Under discrete time semantics, with bounded timeo...
Fuzzy logic based operated device identification in power distribution systems
Manivannan, Karthick Muthu
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Fault location in distribution systems is a challenging task because of the lack of homogeneity in the system and due to uncertainity in the data used for estimating the faulted sections. Fuzzy logic has widely been applied for handling...
Programmable Logic Circuits for Functional Integrated Smart Plastic Systems
Sou, Antony; Jung, Sungjune; Gili, Enrico; Pecuni, Vincenzo; Joimel, Jerome; Fichet, Guillaume; Sirringhaus, Henning
2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z
transparent plastic foil. Transistor arrays were quickly and reliably configured for different logic functions by an additional process step of inkjet printing conductive silver wires and poly(3,4ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT...
Predicting Protein Folding Kinetics via Temporal Logic Model Checking: Extended
Langmead, Christopher James
Predicting Protein Folding Kinetics via Temporal Logic Model Checking: Extended Abstract Abstract. We present a novel approach for predicting protein folding kinetics using techniques from checking. We tested our method on 19 test proteins. The quantitative predictions regarding folding rates
NEW IMAGE RETRIEVAL PARADIGM : LOGICAL COMPOSITION OF REGION CATEGORIES
Fauqueur, Julien
the "photometric region thesaurus" of the image database. Logical composition of region categories expresses be viewed as a "photometric region thesaurus". Images are simply indexed by the list of category labels and
Cell Lineages and the Logic of Proliferative Control
Bernard, Samuel
Cell Lineages and the Logic of Proliferative Control Arthur D. Lander1,2,3[* , Kimberly K such control, there is still very little known about the control strategies themselves. Here, we consider how
The NP-Completeness of Reflected Fragments of Justification Logics
Jäger, Gerhard
Kuznets2, 1 Department of Mathematics, University of California, San Diego La Jolla, CA 92093-0112, USA¨uckstrasse 10, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland kuznets@iam.unibe.ch Abstract. Justification Logic studies epistemic
SS-shifted architecture Run roadfinder with default bank
SS-shifted architecture Run roadfinder with default bank Run roadfinder with ss-shifted bank track fitter DONE DONE #12;SCT-first architecture Run full chain in SCT-only configuration Road
1/2-SS shifted architecture Anton Kapliy
1/2-SS shifted architecture Anton Kapliy July 7 2009 #12;Strategy Pre-fill found ss- shifted roads results from old simulation Much cleaner and easier to run Plug-in architecture via hit
Pendulum Shifts, Context, Error, and Personal Accountability
Harold Blackman; Oren Hester
2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper describes a series of tools that were developed to achieve a balance in under-standing LOWs and the human component of events (including accountability) as the INL continues its shift to a learning culture where people report, are accountable and interested in making a positive difference - and want to report because information is handled correctly and the result benefits both the reporting individual and the organization. We present our model for understanding these interrelationships; the initiatives that were undertaken to improve overall performance.
Resonance-shifting luminescent solar concentrators
Giebink, Noel Christopher; Wiederrecht, Gary P; Wasielewski, Michael R
2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z
An optical system and method to overcome luminescent solar concentrator inefficiencies by resonance-shifting, in which sharply directed emission from a bi-layer cavity into a glass substrate returns to interact with the cavity off-resonance at each subsequent reflection, significantly reducing reabsorption loss en route to the edges. In one embodiment, the system comprises a luminescent solar concentrator comprising a transparent substrate, a luminescent film having a variable thickness; and a low refractive index layer disposed between the transparent substrate and the luminescent film.
Shift Invariant Spaces on Lca Groups
Cabrelli, Carlos
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this article we extend the theory of shift-invariant spaces to the context of LCA groups. We introduce the notion of H-invariant space for a countable discrete subgroup H of an LCA group G, and show that the concept of range function and the techniques of fiberization are valid in this context. As a consequence of this generalization we prove characterizations of frames and Riesz bases of these spaces extending previous results, that were known for Rd and the lattice Zd .
Logic Programming SS 2013 Solution -Exam 16.09.2013
Ábrahám, Erika
@tA, and p a f@si+2 @0A;si @0AA j i ! H i Ta Ig . 3 #12;Logic Programming SS 2013 Solution - Exam 16Logic Programming SS 2013 Solution - Exam 16.09.2013 aaProf. Dr. Jürgen Giesl Carsten Otto Master Exam Version V3M First Name: Last Name: Immatriculation Number: Course of Studies (please mark exactly
VIEWLS Final recommendations report Shift Gear to Biofuels
VIEWLS Final recommendations report 1 Shift Gear to Biofuels Results and recommendations from the VIEWLS project November 2005 #12;Shift Gear to Biofuels Final report of the VIEWLS project 2 #12;Shift Gear to Biofuels Final report of the VIEWLS project 3 Preface Biofuels are fuels made from
From Documents to Discourse: Shifting Conceptions of Scholarly Publishing
of a shift from paper to digital media in the submission, review and publication of scholarly work. For manyFrom Documents to Discourse: Shifting Conceptions of Scholarly Publishing Tamara Sumner & Simon://kmi.open.ac.uk/kmi-abstracts/kmi-tr-50-abstract.html]. #12;From Documents to Discourse: Shifting Conceptions of Scholarly Publishing
Automated manual transmission shift sequence controller
Lawrie, Robert E. (Whitmore Lake, MI); Reed, Richard G. (Royal Oak, MI); Rausen, David J. (Denver, CO)
2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
A powertrain system for a hybrid vehicle. The hybrid vehicle includes a heat engine, such as a diesel engine, and an electric machine, which operates as both, an electric motor and an alternator, to power the vehicle. The hybrid vehicle also includes a manual-style transmission configured to operate as an automatic transmission from the perspective of the driver. The engine and the electric machine drive an input shaft which in turn drives an output shaft of the transmission. In addition to driving the transmission, the electric machine regulates the speed of the input shaft in order to synchronize the input shaft during either an upshift or downshift of the transmission by either decreasing or increasing the speed of the input shaft. When decreasing the speed of the input shaft, the electric motor functions as an alternator to produce electrical energy which may be stored by a storage device. Operation of the transmission is controlled by a transmission controller which receives input signals and generates output signals to control shift and clutch motors to effect smooth launch, upshift shifts, and downshifts of the transmission, so that the transmission functions substantially as an automatic transmission from the perspective of the driver, while internally substantially functioning as a manual transmission.
Phase-shifting point diffraction interferometer
Medecki, Hector (Berkeley, CA)
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Disclosed is a point diffraction interferometer for evaluating the quality of a test optic. In operation, the point diffraction interferometer includes a source of radiation, the test optic, a beam divider, a reference wave pinhole located at an image plane downstream from the test optic, and a detector for detecting an interference pattern produced between a reference wave emitted by the pinhole and a test wave emitted from the test optic. The beam divider produces separate reference and test beams which focus at different laterally separated positions on the image plane. The reference wave pinhole is placed at a region of high intensity (e.g., the focal point) for the reference beam. This allows reference wave to be produced at a relatively high intensity. Also, the beam divider may include elements for phase shifting one or both of the reference and test beams.
Phase-shifting point diffraction interferometer
Medecki, H.
1998-11-10T23:59:59.000Z
Disclosed is a point diffraction interferometer for evaluating the quality of a test optic. In operation, the point diffraction interferometer includes a source of radiation, the test optic, a beam divider, a reference wave pinhole located at an image plane downstream from the test optic, and a detector for detecting an interference pattern produced between a reference wave emitted by the pinhole and a test wave emitted from the test optic. The beam divider produces separate reference and test beams which focus at different laterally separated positions on the image plane. The reference wave pinhole is placed at a region of high intensity (e.g., the focal point) for the reference beam. This allows reference wave to be produced at a relatively high intensity. Also, the beam divider may include elements for phase shifting one or both of the reference and test beams. 8 figs.
Low delay and area efficient soft error correction in arbitration logic
Sugawara, Yutaka
2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z
There is provided an arbitration logic device for controlling an access to a shared resource. The arbitration logic device comprises at least one storage element, a winner selection logic device, and an error detection logic device. The storage element stores a plurality of requestors' information. The winner selection logic device selects a winner requestor among the requestors based on the requestors' information received from a plurality of requestors. The winner selection logic device selects the winner requestor without checking whether there is the soft error in the winner requestor's information.
Trees over Infinite Structures and Path Logics with Synchronization
Spelten, Alex; Winter, Sarah; 10.4204/EPTCS.73.5
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We provide decidability and undecidability results on the model-checking problem for infinite tree structures. These tree structures are built from sequences of elements of infinite relational structures. More precisely, we deal with the tree iteration of a relational structure M in the sense of Shelah-Stupp. In contrast to classical results where model-checking is shown decidable for MSO-logic, we show decidability of the tree model-checking problem for logics that allow only path quantifiers and chain quantifiers (where chains are subsets of paths), as they appear in branching time logics; however, at the same time the tree is enriched by the equal-level relation (which holds between vertices u, v if they are on the same tree level). We separate cleanly the tree logic from the logic used for expressing properties of the underlying structure M. We illustrate the scope of the decidability results by showing that two slight extensions of the framework lead to undecidability. In particular, this applies to the ...
Hobor, Aquinas
A Specification Logic for Termination Reasoning Ton-Chanh Le, Cristian Gherghina, Aquinas Hobor a logical framework for specifying and proving asser- tions about program termination. Although termination. Here we propose to integrate termination requirements directly into our specification logic
Translating Answer-Set Programs into Bit-Vector Logic
Nguyen, Mai; Niemelä, Ilkka
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Answer set programming (ASP) is a paradigm for declarative problem solving where problems are first formalized as rule sets, i.e., answer-set programs, in a uniform way and then solved by computing answer sets for programs. The satisfiability modulo theories (SMT) framework follows a similar modelling philosophy but the syntax is based on extensions of propositional logic rather than rules. Quite recently, a translation from answer-set programs into difference logic was provided---enabling the use of particular SMT solvers for the computation of answer sets. In this paper, the translation is revised for another SMT fragment, namely that based on fixed-width bit-vector theories. Thus, even further SMT solvers can be harnessed for the task of computing answer sets. The results of a preliminary experimental comparison are also reported. They suggest a level of performance which is similar to that achieved via difference logic.
Logic-Based Decision Support for Strategic Environmental Assessment
Gavanelli, Marco; Milano, Michela; Cagnoli, Paolo; 10.1017/S1471068410000335
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Strategic Environmental Assessment is a procedure aimed at introducing systematic assessment of the environmental effects of plans and programs. This procedure is based on the so-called coaxial matrices that define dependencies between plan activities (infrastructures, plants, resource extractions, buildings, etc.) and positive and negative environmental impacts, and dependencies between these impacts and environmental receptors. Up to now, this procedure is manually implemented by environmental experts for checking the environmental effects of a given plan or program, but it is never applied during the plan/program construction. A decision support system, based on a clear logic semantics, would be an invaluable tool not only in assessing a single, already defined plan, but also during the planning process in order to produce an optimized, environmentally assessed plan and to study possible alternative scenarios. We propose two logic-based approaches to the problem, one based on Constraint Logic Programming a...
Electrostatic shape-shifting ion optics
Dahl, David A.; Scott, Jill R.; Appelhans, Anthony D.
2006-05-02T23:59:59.000Z
Electrostatic shape-shifting ion optics includes an outer electrode that defines an interior region between first and second opposed open ends. A first inner electrode is positioned within the interior region of the outer electrode at about the first open end. A second inner electrode is positioned within the interior region of the outer electrode at about the second open end. A first end cap electrode is positioned at about a first open end of the first inner electrode so that the first end cap electrode substantially encloses the first open end of the first inner electrode. A second end cap electrode is positioned at about a second open end of the second inner electrode so that the second end cap electrode substantially encloses the second open end of the second inner electrode. A voltage source operatively connected to each of the electrodes applies voltage functions to each of the electrodes to produce an electric field within an interior space enclosed by the electrodes.
Testability of non-autonomous two dimensional iterative logic array
Nagumo, Hideo
1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
' SCIENCE August III91 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering TESTABILITY OF NON-AUTONOMOUS T'A'0 DIMENSIONAL ITERATIVE LOGIC ARRAY A Thesis by HIDEO NAGUMO Approved as to style and content by: . . ed~ I(aran L. watson (Chair of Committee) Mi Lu... (Member) William G. Bliss (Member) Donald K. Friesen (Member) Jo Howze (Head of Department) August 1991 ABSTRACT Testability of i%on-Autonomous Two-Dimensional Iterative Logic Array. (August 1991) Hideo iX'agumo, B. S. , Shinshu University...
Weighted Logics for Nested Words and Algebraic Formal Power Series
Mathissen, Christian
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Nested words, a model for recursive programs proposed by Alur and Madhusudan, have recently gained much interest. In this paper we introduce quantitative extensions and study nested word series which assign to nested words elements of a semiring. We show that regular nested word series coincide with series definable in weighted logics as introduced by Droste and Gastin. For this we establish a connection between nested words and the free bisemigroup. Applying our result, we obtain characterizations of algebraic formal power series in terms of weighted logics. This generalizes results of Lautemann, Schwentick and Therien on context-free languages.
Using Fuzzy Logic for Automatic Analysis of Astronomical Pipelines
Lior Shamir; Robert J. Nemiroff
2005-06-27T23:59:59.000Z
Fundamental astronomical questions on the composition of the universe, the abundance of Earth-like planets, and the cause of the brightest explosions in the universe are being attacked by robotic telescopes costing billions of dollars and returning vast pipelines of data. The success of these programs depends on the accuracy of automated real time processing of the astronomical images. In this paper the needs of modern astronomical pipelines are discussed in the light of fuzzy-logic based decision-making. Several specific fuzzy-logic algorithms have been develop for the first time for astronomical purposes, and tested with excellent results on data from the existing Night Sky Live sky survey.
Design of an Automatic Landing System for the Meridian UAV using Fuzzy Logic
Royer, David Andrew
2010-04-22T23:59:59.000Z
antennas attached below the wings. Fuzzy logic is determined the ideal application for an automatic landing controller based on its ability to control uncertain and nonlinear systems. Using fuzzy logic, a longitudinal automatic landing controller...
Design and simulation for the fabrication of integrated semiconductor optical logic gates
Markina, Aleksandra, 1977-
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Development of ultrafast all-optical logic requires accurate and efficient modeling of optical components and interfaces. In this research, we present an all-optical logic unit cell with complete Boolean functionality as ...
Undecidability and temporal logic: some landmarks from Turing to the present
Goranko, Valentin
. INTRODUCTION Temporal logic was born in the mid 1950s, right after the death of Alan Turing in temporal logic was essentially Alan Turing's celebrated Undecidability of the Halting problem of (what
John Dewey's theory of inquiry: an interpretation of a classical American approach to logic
Deters, Troy Nicholas
2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z
During the 20th century, John Dewey introduced a new idea with respect to the nature of logical theory: He presented a portrait of logic as a theory about how organisms interact and maintain an integrated balance between themselves...
Jäger, Gerhard
Partial Realization in Dynamic Justification Logic Samuel Bucheli , Roman Kuznets , and Thomas, kuznets, tstuder}@iam.unibe.ch Abstract. Justification logic is an epistemic framework that provides a way
John Dewey's theory of inquiry: an interpretation of a classical American approach to logic
Deters, Troy Nicholas
2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z
During the 20th century, John Dewey introduced a new idea with respect to the nature of logical theory: He presented a portrait of logic as a theory about how organisms interact and maintain an integrated balance between themselves...
An architecture for intelligent sensors and fuzzy inputs for fuzzy logic controllers
Gillespie, Charles Wayne
1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Many papers have shown that fuzzy logic can be successfully applied to problems that are nonlinear in nature. Specifically in the area of control, many fuzzy logic controllers (FLCS) have been shown to be excellent means of control, most notably...
LOGIC AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Grad Seminar, Spring '95, 66-6943, 66-4963, 48-6244
Bringsjord, Selmer
LOGIC AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Grad Seminar, Spring '95, 66-6943, 66 one required text, Logical Foundations of Artificial Intelligence, by Genesereth and Nilsson (= G
Doppler shifts in the coma of Comet P/Halley
Herbig, G.H. (Hawaii Univ., Honolulu (USA))
1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
The relative radial velocities across 70-100 arcsecs of the coma of Comet P/Halley were measured on four days in 1985-1986 on coude CCD spectrograms in order to search for detectable Doppler shifts. The measurements show a trend of positive velocity with respect to projected distance from the nucleus. The shifts are most clearly observed at r = 1.1 AU, where the relative velocity at 10000 km amounted to 3-4 km/s. The Doppler shifts represent an integration through the whole coma. It is suggested that a proper model of the comet is needed to convert the shifts into true outflow velocities. 14 refs.
Omitting uncountable types, and the strength of $[0,1]$-valued logics
Caicedo, Xavier
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study $[0,1]$-valued logics that are closed under the {\\L}ukasiewicz-Pavelka connectives; our primary examples are the the continuous logic framework of Ben Yaacov and Usvyatsov \\cite{Ben-Yaacov-Usvyatsov:2010} and the {\\L}ukasziewicz-Pavelka logic itself. The main result of the paper is a characterization of these logics in terms of a model-theoretic property, namely, an extension of the omitting types theorem to uncountable languages.
Piotr Wilczek
2009-02-21T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we present the fundamentals of the so-called algebraic approach to propositional quantum logics. We define the set of formulas describing quantum reality as a free algebra freely generated by the set of quantum propositional variables. We define the general notion of logic as a structural consequence operation. Next we introduce the concept of logical matrices understood as a models of quantum logics. We give the definitions of two quantum consequence operations defined in these models.
Detection and removal of functional redundancy in multi-level logic circuits
Dorsey, David Michael
2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
circuit. This research will focus on finding non-traditional methods for minimizing multi-level logic circuits....
Neubauer, J.; Wood, E.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and battery electric vehicles offer the potential to reduce both oil imports and greenhouse gases, as well as to offer a financial benefit to the driver. However, assessing these potential benefits is complicated by several factors, including the driving habits of the operator. We focus on driver aggression, i.e., the level of acceleration and velocity characteristic of travel, to (1) assess its variation within large, real-world drive datasets, (2) quantify its effect on both vehicle efficiency and economics for multiple vehicle types, (3) compare these results to those of standard drive cycles commonly used in the industry, and (4) create a representative drive cycle for future analyses where standard drive cycles are lacking.
Neubauer, J.; Wood, E.
2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
Hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and battery electric vehicles offer the potential to reduce both oil imports and greenhouse gases, as well as to offer a financial benefit to the driver. However, assessing these potential benefits is complicated by several factors, including the driving habits of the operator. We focus on driver aggression, i.e., the level of acceleration and velocity characteristic of travel, to (1) assess its variation within large, real-world drive datasets, (2) quantify its effect on both vehicle efficiency and economics for multiple vehicle types, (3) compare these results to those of standard drive cycles commonly used in the industry, and (4) create a representative drive cycle for future analyses where standard drive cycles are lacking.
Calvanese, Diego
Description Logics: Foundations for Class-based Knowledge Representation Diego Calvanese, Giuseppe Class-based languages express knowledge in terms of objects and classes, and have inspired a huge number of formalisms in computer science. Description logics form a family of both class-based and logic
Logic-Based Outer-Approximation Algorithm for Solving Discrete-Continuous Dynamic
Grossmann, Ignacio E.
In this work we present an extension of the Logic Outer-Approximation algorithm for deal- ing with disjunctive.e. the control actions) may involve logic decisions that can be modeled as disjunctions [16], [17] giving riseLogic-Based Outer-Approximation Algorithm for Solving Discrete-Continuous Dynamic Optimization
POWER AND SIGNAL INTEGRITY IMPROVEMENT IN ULTRA HIGH-SPEED CURRENT MODE LOGIC
Brewer, Forrest D.
for Low- Voltage-Swing Logic (LVSL) to greatly reduce the power require- ment of a CML logic subsystem% power reduction is achieved while improving the signal integrity. 1. INTRODUCTION High is that there is no viable power-conserving technology for multigi- gahertz logic in portable applications although
Logic and the set theory Lecture 20: The set theory (NS)
Choi, Suhyoung
Logic and the set theory Lecture 20: The set theory (NS) S. Choi Department of Mathematical Science KAIST, Daejeon, South Korea Fall semester, 2012 S. Choi (KAIST) Logic and set theory November 20, 2012 1 / 14 #12;Introduction About this lecture Further set theory S. Choi (KAIST) Logic and set theory
Charge Recycling Sense Amplifier Based Logic: Securing Low Power Security IC's against
Charge Recycling Sense Amplifier Based Logic: Securing Low Power Security IC's against Differential Charge Recycling Sense Amplifier Based Logic is presented. This logic is derived from Sense Amplifier and confidenti- ality. For these battery-powered devices much focus is on lower power design. We have analyzed
Deontic Logic in Computer Science ESSLI 2008 Leon van der Torre & Jrg Hansen 4 August 2008
van der Torre, Leon
Carmo (eds): Deontic Logic, Agency and Normative Systems. Springer: Berlin, 1996. EON '98: Paul McNamara, Henry Prakken (eds.): Norms, Logics and Information Systems. IOS Press: Amsterdam 1999. EON 2000: Fundamenta Informaticae, DEON special edition vol. 48 (2,3), 2001 and Nordic Journal of Philosophical Logic
164 INDUCTIVE LOGIC "Corroboration versus Induction," British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
Fitelson, Branden
164 INDUCTIVE LOGIC "Corroboration versus Induction," British Journal for the Philosophy of Science: D. C. Stove,review of Popper's, Logic of Scientij5c Discovery, AustralasianJournal of Philosophy 38 Measures of Evidential Strength" appears in Aspects of Inductive Logic (Hintikka and Suppes, eds.), North
Geo-Logical Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks* Dulanjalie C. Dhanapala and Anura P. Jayasumana
Jayasumana, Anura P.
Geo-Logical Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks* Dulanjalie C. Dhanapala and Anura P. Jayasumana Abstract-- Geo-Logical Routing (GLR) is a novel technique that combines the advantages of geographic. In logical domain, a node is characterized by a VC vector consisting of minimum number of hops to a set
A Deep Inference System for the Modal Logic S5 Phiniki Stouppa
Jäger, Gerhard
A Deep Inference System for the Modal Logic S5 Phiniki Stouppa March 1, 2006 Abstract We present a cut-admissible system for the modal logic S5 in a for- malism that makes explicit and intensive use are in exact correspondence to the modal axioms. Keywords modal logic S5, proof theory, deep inference
Feature Diagrams and Logics: There and Back Again Krzysztof Czarnecki
Czarnecki, Krzysztof
Feature Diagrams and Logics: There and Back Again Krzysztof Czarnecki University of Waterloo fami- lies. In their basic form, feature models contain manda- tory/optional features, feature groups in prod- uct families [15, 11, 4]. In their basic form, feature mod- els contain mandatory
Towards automatic verification of ladder logic Bohumir Zoubek
Oxford, University of
Birmingham, B15 2TT United Kingdom Email: mzk@cs.bham.ac.uk Abstract-- Control system programs are usually techniques of automatic verification to a control program written in ladder logic. A model is constructed procedures for control programs. I. INTRODUCTION Control systems are used in many applications of process
Fast Offline Partial Evaluation of Large Logic Programs
Vidal, Germán
not guarantee global termination. This work has been partially supported by the EU (FEDER) and the Spanish MECFast Offline Partial Evaluation of Large Logic Programs Michael Leuschel1 and Germ´an Vidal2 1 There are two main approaches to partial evaluation [6], a well-known technique for program specialisation
Rewriting Logic as a Unifying Framework for Petri Nets
Meseguer, JosÃ©
Rewriting Logic as a Unifying Framework for Petri Nets Mark-Oliver Stehr, Jos#19;e Meseguer as a unifying framework for a wide range of Petri nets models. We treat in detail place/transition nets that \\Petri nets are monoids" suggested by Meseguer and Montanari we de#12;ne a rewriting semantics that maps
Coordination of Excitation and Governing Control Based on Fuzzy Logic
its security limit. The issue of power system stability is becoming more crucial. The excitation, Transient stability, Fuzzy logic, Excitation and governing control. 1. Introduction Power system stability, Tsinghua University, China Abstract: In deregulated power systems, competition could push the system near
Terminological Logics and Conceptual Graphs: An Historical Perspective?
Schmidt, Renate A.
expressive ones, like KL of [6]. The history of these algebras can be traced back to the work of Boole, De be traced, as far back, as the nineteenth century, to the beginnings of algebraic logic and quantification on the existential graphs of Peirce. It is less well-known tha* *t, in essence, Peirce also developed the algebraic
Games in Algebraic Logic Robin Hirsch and Ian Hodkinson
Hodkinson, Ian
algebra of propositions [Boo51]. De Morgan wrote When the ideas thrown out by Mr Boole shall have borneGames in Algebraic Logic Robin Hirsch and Ian Hodkinson January 12, 1998 In 1860, Augustus de Morgan published [DeM60], thereby launching an invesÂ tigation into the algebra of relations
dam logic: qualitative reasoning about benthic macroinvertebrate responses
Tullos, Desiree
dam logic: qualitative reasoning about benthic macroinvertebrate responses to dam removal desiree reliability of biotic and abiotic indicators (e.g. responsiveness to dam removal, detectability, feasibility relationships "there appears to be a wide range of ecological responses to dam removal. It is therefore
SALT---Structured Assertion Language for Temporal Logic
Leucker, Martin
SALT---Structured Assertion Language for Temporal Logic Andreas Bauer, Martin Leucker,leucker,streit}@informatik.tumuenchen.de Abstract. This paper presents Salt. Salt is a general purpose speci fication and assertion language other formalisms used for temporal specification of properties, Salt does not target a specific domain
SALT--Structured Assertion Language for Temporal Logic
SALT--Structured Assertion Language for Temporal Logic Andreas Bauer, Martin Leucker , and Jonathan,leucker,streit}@informatik.tu-muenchen.de Abstract. This paper presents Salt. Salt is a general purpose speci- fication and assertion language other formalisms used for temporal specification of properties, Salt does not target a specific domain
Finite-Tree Analysis for Constraint Logic-Based Languages ?
Hill, Patricia
@di.unipi.it 3 School of Computing, University of Leeds, U. K. hill@comp.leeds.ac.uk Abstract. Logic languages was done during visits of the fourth author to Leeds, funded by EPSRC under grant M05645. 1 That is, rooted, directed and possibly cyclic graphs where nodes are labeled with variable and function symbols
J. LOGIC PROGRAMMING 1989:163-178 163 METAINTERPRETERS FOR
Beer, Randall D.
J. LOGIC PROGRAMMING 1989:163-178 163 METAINTERPRETERS FOR EXPERT SYSTEM CONSTRUCTION LEON STERLING and inference engine. This decomposition is not entirely appropriate for expert systems written in PROLOG. Much of what an inference engine does is provided by PROLOG itself; knowledge bases are executable. However
A LOGIC PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE WITH LAMBDA-ABSTRACTION, FUNCTION VARIABLES,
Miller, Dale
A LOGIC PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE WITH LAMBDA-ABSTRACTION, FUNCTION VARIABLES, AND SIMPLE UNIFICATION University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, PA 19104Â6389 USA 1. Introduction A meta programming language must. Although the data types available in most computer programming languages are rich enough to represent all
PSYCHO? LOGICAL? BULLETIN August 1, 2003 Volume 2, No. 8
Spirtes, Peter
PSYCHO? LOGICAL? BULLETIN August 1, 2003 Volume 2, No. 8 TOP SECRET SOCIAL COMMITTEE EVENT BBiikkee who came to pick me up one of the family Hummers." In response to this national tragedy, the Top Secret Social Committee has proposed Bike From Work (to Happy Hour) Day. Celebrate clean transportation
Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technology Logic Diagram. Executive Summary
Not Available
1993-06-30T23:59:59.000Z
This executive summary contains a description of the logic diagram format; some examples from the diagram (Vol. 2) and associated technology evaluation data sheets (Vol. 3); a complete (albeit condensed) listing of the RA, D&D, and WM problems at ORNL; and a complete listing of the technology rankings for all the areas covered by the diagram.
Tuning Fuzzy Logic Controllers for Energy Efficiency Consumption in Buildings
Casillas Barranquero, Jorge
Tuning Fuzzy Logic Controllers for Energy Efficiency Consumption in Buildings R. Alcal´a DECSAI dependent on weather conditions. Moreover, depending on the countries, more than a half of this energy (Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning) [4] are equipments usually im- plemented for maintaining
Complete Representations in Algebraic Logic Robin Hirsch & Ian Hodkinson \\Lambda
Hodkinson, Ian
Complete Representations in Algebraic Logic Robin Hirsch & Ian Hodkinson \\Lambda Abstract A boolean algebra is shown to be completely representable if and only if it is atomic, whereas it is shown that neither the class of completely representable relation algebras nor the class of completely representable
A Novel Hardware Logic Encryption Technique for thwarting Illegal Overproduction
Boyer, Edmond
A Novel Hardware Logic Encryption Technique for thwarting Illegal Overproduction and Hardware. The different types of threats include mask theft, illegal overproduction, as well as the insertion of malicious of the manufactured ICs. One way to protect the ICs from mask theft and illegal overproduction is to encrypt
Distributed Temporal Logic for the Analysis of Security Protocol Models
Basin, David
, showing that it is sufficient to consider models in which the intruder completely controls the networkDistributed Temporal Logic for the Analysis of Security Protocol Models David Basin Department to reason about and relate different security-protocol models. This includes reasoning about model
1 Designing Constraint Logic Programming Languages using Computational Systems
Vittek, Marian
1 Designing Constraint Logic Programming Languages using Computational Systems Claude Kirchner, H'el`ene Kirchner and Marian Vittek 1.1 Abstract This work presents computational systems, a framework as computational systems. We thus get a framework in which rewriting techniques can be used to reason about
The Role of Fuzzy Logic Control in Evolutionary Robotics
Hoffmann, Frank
- jective, soft computing employs a variety of methodologies, fuzzy logic, neural networks, probabilistic applications of genetic-fuzzy systems in detail, adapting a wall-following behavior of a mobile robot and incomplete perceptual information and imprecise actuators. Fuzzy systems employ a mode of approximate
Optimal Control with Weighted Average Costs and Temporal Logic Specifications
Murray, Richard M.
Optimal Control with Weighted Average Costs and Temporal Logic Specifications Eric M. Wolff Control and Dynamical Systems California Institute of Technology Pasadena, California 91125 Email: ewolff@caltech.edu Ufuk Topcu Control and Dynamical Systems California Institute of Technology Pasadena, California 91125
Representing a Robotic Domain Using Temporal Description Logics
Franconi, Enrico
Representing a Robotic Domain Using Temporal Description Logics Alessandro Artale artale@irst.itc effects; effects may not directly follow the action but more complex temporal relations may hold describes a collection of properties of the world holding at a certain time. Actions are represented through
LOGICAL QUERY COMPOSITION FROM LOCAL VISUAL FEATURE THESAURUS
Fauqueur, Julien
LOGICAL QUERY COMPOSITION FROM LOCAL VISUAL FEATURE THESAURUS Julien FAUQUEUR and Nozha BOUJEMAA photometric thesaurus. It gives an overview of the database content in the query interface. Unsupervised generation of this thesaurus is based on grouping similar regions into "region categories". The user can
Data Integration: A Logic-Based Perspective Diego Calvanese
De Giacomo, Giuseppe
Data Integration: A Logic-Based Perspective Diego Calvanese Faculty of Computer Science Free, 00198 Roma, Italy degiacomo@dis.uniroma1.it Abstract Data integration is the problem of combining data, reconciled global view of these data. We discuss data integration systems, taking the abstract viewpoint
Weak Order Equivalence for Logic Programs with Preferences
Schaub, Torsten
Weak Order Equivalence for Logic Programs with Preferences Kathrin Konczak Institut fÂ¨ur Informatik, notions of equivalence for Answer Set Programming have been stud- ied intensively and were shown to be beneficial for modular programming and automated optimization. In [9], the novel notion of strong equivalence
Schema Evolution and Versioning: a Logical and Computational Characterisation
Franconi, Enrico
Schema evolution and versioning problems have been considered in the context of longlived database]. According to the definitions given in a consensual glossary [21], a database supports schema evolutionSchema Evolution and Versioning: a Logical and Computational Characterisation Enrico Franconi 1
Law, Logic and Language in Legal Computer Science
Cheng, Eugenia
Law, Logic and Language in Legal Computer Science Michael Heather School of Law University of Northumbria at Newcastle, NE1 8ST, UK B.Nick Rossiter Computing Science Newcastle University, NE1 7RU B.N.Rossiter@ncl.ac.uk November 1995 Abstract Legal computer science requires a theoretical basis which can be realized
A Complete Axiomatization of Differential Game Logic for Hybrid Games
15213 This report is an updated version superseding the earlier report CMU-CS-12-105 [Pla12b from hybrid systems. Finally, dGL is proved to be strictly more expressive than the corresponding logic of hybrid systems. #12;#12;Andr´e Platzer1 Introduction Hybrid systems [NK92, ACH+ 95, Hen96, BBM98, DN00
Software Synthesis from Synchronous Specifications Using Logic Simulation Techniques
Brayton, Robert K.
a synchronous state machine specification for em- bedded control systems. The framework is generic enoughSoftware Synthesis from Synchronous Specifications Using Logic Simulation Techniques Yunjian Jiang variables. This model has been studied for system design and verification. High-level synchronous languages
Online Horizon Selection in Receding Horizon Temporal Logic Planning
Murray, Richard M.
- ative, short horizon solutions, using the currently observed state to compute a control strategy synthesis for temporal logic, but have thus far been limited by pursuing a single sequence of short horizon problems to the current goal. We propose a receding horizon algorithm for reactive synthesis that au
Computation of Normal Logic Programs by Fibring Neural Networks
Seda, Anthony Karel
Computation of Normal Logic Programs by Fibring Neural Networks Vladimir Komendantsky1 and Anthony of the integration of fibring neural net- works (a generalization of conventional neural networks) into model by fibring neural networks of semantic immediate consequence operators TP and TP , where TP denotes
Renn, Susan C.P.
- 1 - Social reversal of sex-biased aggression and dominance in a biparental cichlid fish1 dimorphism is often strongly linked to biological sex, the environment, either15 social or ecological, may influence sex-biased behaviour in some species. In the biparental16 cichlid fish Julidochromis marlieri
Coherent control of the Goos-Hanchen shift
Ziauddin, Qamar S.; Qamar, Sajid; Zubairy, M. Suhail
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The behavior of the Goos-Hanchen (GH) shifts in the reflected and transmitted light beam which is incident on a cavity containing an intracavity medium of three-level or four-level atoms with electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT...however, the GH shifts in the transmitted light remains positive. The corresponding group index of the cavity is positive in both cases....
Control of the Lamb shift by a driving field
Yang, Shuai; Zheng, Hang; Hong, Ran; Zhu, Shi-Yao; Zubairy, M. Suhail
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A unitary transformation approach is used to study the energy level shift of the atom coupled to both a vacuum electromagnetic field and a driving laser. The Lamb shift of the energy levels is shown to depend on the Rabi frequency and the detuning...
SHIFTED JACOBI POLYNOMIALS AND DELANNOY NUMBERS GABOR HETYEI
Jiang, Jiancheng
SHIFTED JACOBI POLYNOMIALS AND DELANNOY NUMBERS G´ABOR HETYEI `A la m´emoire de Pierre Leroux Abstract. We express a weigthed generalization of the Delannoy numbers in terms of shifted Jacobi Jacobi polynomials. Another specializa- tion provides a weighted lattice path enumeration model
Ab initio NMR Chemical Shift Calculations for Biomolecular Systems
, the chemical shift describes the dependence of nuclear magnetic energy levels on the electronic environment nuclear magnetic shielding tensor as mixed derivatives of the energy E with respect to an external between nuclei placed in different molecular environments. This means that the chemical shift is sensitive
Pratt, Vaughan
In Proceedings of IEEE Logic in Computer Science, 2003 Proof Nets for UnitÂfree Multiplicative GLABBEEK Stanford University rvg@cs.stanford.edu A cornerstone of the theory of proof nets for unit this key feature: a host of cutÂfree monomial proof nets can correspond to the same cutÂfree proof. Thus
Pratt, Vaughan
In Proceedings of IEEE Logic in Computer Science, 2003 Proof Nets for Unit-free Multiplicative GLABBEEK Stanford University rvg@cs.stanford.edu A cornerstone of the theory of proof nets for unit this key feature: a host of cut-free monomial proof nets can correspond to the same cut-free proof. Thus
) is named after George Boole, a professor at University College Cork, who first thought about an algebraic of Logic''. The ideas of George Boole (that can be traced back to Leibniz, actually) have reached algebra. The section on abstract clones follows the idea presented by B. Csákány in his addendum
NONE
1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Y-12 Plant Decontamination and Decommissioning Technology Logic Diagram for Building 9201-4 (TLD) was developed to provide a decision-support tool that relates decontamination and decommissioning (D and D) problems at Bldg. 9201-4 to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. This TLD identifies the research, development, demonstration, testing, and evaluation needed for sufficient development of these technologies to allow for technology transfer and application to D and D and waste management (WM) activities. It is essential that follow-on engineering studies be conducted to build on the output of this project. These studies will begin by selecting the most promising technologies identified in the TLD and by finding an optimum mix of technologies that will provide a socially acceptable balance between cost and risk. The TLD consists of three fundamentally separate volumes: Vol. 1 (Technology Evaluation), Vol. 2 (Technology Logic Diagram), and Vol. 3 (Technology Evaluation Data Sheets). Volume 2 contains the logic linkages among environmental management goals, environmental problems, and the various technologies that have the potential to solve these problems. Volume 2 has been divided into five sections: Characterization, Decontamination, Dismantlement, Robotics/Automation, and Waste Management. Each section contains logical breakdowns of the Y-12 D and D problems by subject area and identifies technologies that can be reasonably applied to each D and D challenge.
and definitions used in digital logic design: notation, number systems, difference between analog and digital system, specification and implementation, analysis and design, design cycle, CAD tools, combinational-level description of a digital system into a binary description of it (ABET Outcomes: A,M) 2. Analyze and design
The frequency crossover for the Goos-Hanchen shift
Manoel Araujo; Silvania Carvalho; Stefano De Leo
2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
For total reflection, the Goos-Hanchen (GH) shift is proportional to the wavelength of the laser beam. At critical angles, such a shift is instead proportional to the square root of the product of the beam waist and wavelength. By using the stationary phase method (SPM) and, when necessary, numerical calculations, we present a detailed analysis of the frequency crossover for the GH shift. The study, done in different incidence regions, sheds new light on the validity of the analytic formulas found in literature.
Oak Ridge K-25 Site Technology Logic Diagram
Fellows, R.L. (ed.)
1993-02-26T23:59:59.000Z
The Oak Ridge K-25 Technology Logic Diagram (TLD), a decision support tool for the K-25 Site, was developed to provide a planning document that relates envirorunental restoration and waste management problems at the Oak Ridge K-25 Site to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD technique identifies the research necessary to develop these technologies to a state that allows for technology transfer and application to waste management, remedial action, and decontamination and decommissioning activities. The TLD consists of four separate volumes-Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3A, and Vol. 3B. Volume 1 provides introductory and overview information about the TLD. This volume, Volume 2, contains logic diagrams with an index. Volume 3 has been divided into two separate volumes to facilitate handling and use.
Oak Ridge K-25 Site Technology Logic Diagram
Fellows, R.L. (ed.)
1993-02-26T23:59:59.000Z
The Oak Ridge K-25 Technology Logic Diagram (TLD), a decision support tool for the K-25 Site, was developed to provide a planning document that relates environmental restoration and waste management problems at the Oak Ridge K-25 Site to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD technique identifies the research necessary to develop these technologies to a state that allows for technology transfer and application to waste management, remedial action, and decontamination and decommissioning activities. The TLD consists of four separate volumes-Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3A, and Vol. 3B. Volume 1 provides introductory and overview information about the TLD. Volume 2 contains logic diagrams. Volume 3 has been divided into two separate volumes to facilitate handling and use. This report is part A of Volume 3 concerning characterization, decontamination, and dismantlement.
Leveraging Data Lineage to Infer Logical Relationships between Astronomical Catalogs
Buddelmeijer, Hugo
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A novel method to infer logical relationships between sets is presented. These sets can be any collection of elements, for example astronomical catalogs of celestial objects. The method does not require the contents of the sets to be known explicitly. It combines incomplete knowledge about the relationships between sets to infer a priori unknown relationships. Relationships between sets are represented by sets of Boolean hypercubes. This leads to deductive reasoning by application of logical operators to these sets of hypercubes. A pseudocode for an efficient implementation is described. The method is used in the Astro-WISE information system to infer relationships between catalogs of astronomical objects. These catalogs can be very large and, more importantly, their contents do not have to be available at all times. Science products are stored in Astro-WISE with references to other science products from which they are derived, or their dependencies. This creates full data lineage that links every science pro...
Adaptive control of hydraulic shift actuation in an automatic transmission
Thornton, Sarah Marie
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A low-order dynamic model of a clutch for hydraulic control in an automatic transmission is developed by separating dynamics of the shift into four regions based on clutch piston position. The first three regions of the ...
Evaluating Emergency Medicine Faculty at End-of-Shift
Kovach, Regina A; Griffen, David L; Francis, Mark L
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Evaluating Emergency Medicine Faculty at End-of-Shift Sternclinical teaching in medicine. J Med Educ.198;56:181-6.residents in an emergency medicine program: a new evaluation
Set shifting impairments in an outpatient eating disorder sample
Swanson, Helen M.
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Background: Patients with anorexia nervosa have been consistently reported to show impairments in set shifting ability. Such deficits may be associated with characteristics commonly observed in this patient group, such ...
Systemic Change for RTI: Key Shifts for Practice
Kozleski, Elizabeth B.; Huber, Jennifer J.
2010-10-09T23:59:59.000Z
RTI has the potential to meet the challenges of increasing diversity in student populations and the need for increasingly complex systems of instructional design. Three fundamental shifts in understanding systems and systems change must ground RTI...
Communicating 21st century statecraft: Evaluating the paradigm shift argument
Chinn, Jacquelyn Nicole
2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
This project examines how social media is being used by individuals within the State Department engaged in public diplomacy and how the use of these technologies may or may not represent a paradigm shift in diplomatic operation. Assessments...
Drug repositioning and indication discovery using description logics
Croset, Samuel
2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z
behind the repurposing. Understanding the logic backing the 21 findings is paramount in order to build successful predictive methods later on. 1.2.1 Sildenafil: repositioning from clinical side-effects The National Health Service (NHS) defines angina as a... breast cancer preventive properties. This drug is an example of smart and continuous development, expanding from one indication to another. The fundamental reasons behind the repositioning are grounded on early-stage experimental evidence and not due to a...
Foundations for Uniform Interpolation and Forgetting in Expressive Description Logics
Lutz, Carsten
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study uniform interpolation and forgetting in the description logic ALC. Our main results are model-theoretic characterizations of uniform inter- polants and their existence in terms of bisimula- tions, tight complexity bounds for deciding the existence of uniform interpolants, an approach to computing interpolants when they exist, and tight bounds on their size. We use a mix of model- theoretic and automata-theoretic methods that, as a by-product, also provides characterizations of and decision procedures for conservative extensions.
Application and protection considerations of large phase shifting transformers
Sen, P.K. (Colorado Univ., Denver, CO (USA). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering); Craig, B.R. (Black and Veatch Engineers/Architects, Denver, CO (US))
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A phase shifting transformer is used to control the real power flow in a transmission system where loop flow causes problems. The cost of this type of transformer may be several million dollars. Due to complexity of the design of these units, the protective relaying requires special attention. This paper discusses the theory of operation, modelling and construction of phase shifting transformers. Fundamentals of protection scheme design for this special equipment are discussed.
Raman Shift (cm-1 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500
1 Raman Shift (cm-1 ) 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 RamanIntensity(a.u.) 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 Water - Anisotropic 0.10x HBr - Anisotropic 0.10x HI - Anisotropic Raman Shift (cm-1 ) 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 RamanIntensity(a.u.) 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 Water - Isotropic 0.015x HCl - Isotropic 0.015x HBr - Isotropic 0.015x HI
Shift: A Massively Parallel Monte Carlo Radiation Transport Package
Pandya, Tara M [ORNL; Johnson, Seth R [ORNL; Davidson, Gregory G [ORNL; Evans, Thomas M [ORNL; Hamilton, Steven P [ORNL
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper discusses the massively-parallel Monte Carlo radiation transport package, Shift, de- veloped at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. It reviews the capabilities, implementation, and parallel performance of this code package. Scaling results demonstrate very good strong and weak scaling behavior of the implemented algorithms. Benchmark results from various reactor problems show that Shift results compare well to other contemporary Monte Carlo codes and experimental results.
SOFIC TREE-SHIFTS NATHALIE AUBRUN AND MARIE-PIERRE BEAL
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
synchronized one, called the Fischer automaton of the tree-shift. We define the notion of almost of finite type-shifts and irreducible sofic tree-shifts. We characterize the Fischer automaton of an almost of finite type tree-shift and we design an algorithm to check whether a sofic tree-shift is almost of finite type. We prove
Oak Ridge K-25 Site Technology Logic Diagram
Fellows, R.L. (ed.)
1993-02-26T23:59:59.000Z
The Oak Ridge K-25 Technology Logic Diagram (TLD), a decision support tool for the K-25 Site, was developed to provide a planning document that relates environmental restoration (ER) and waste management (WN) problems at the Oak Ridge K-25 Site. The TLD technique identifies the research necessary to develop these technologies to a state that allows for technology transfer and application to waste management, remediation, decontamination, and decommissioning activities. The TLD consists of four separate volumes-Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3A, and Vol. 3B. Volume 1 provides introductory and overview information about the TLD. Volume 2 contains logic diagrams. Volume 3 has been divided into two separate volumes to facilitate handling and use. This volume 3 B provides the Technology Evaluation Data Sheets (TEDS) for ER/WM activities (Remedial Action Robotics and Automation, Waste Management) that are referenced by a TEDS code number in Vol. 2 of the TLD. Each of these sheets represents a single logic trace across the TLD. These sheets contain more detail than each technology in Vol. 2. The TEDS are arranged alphanumerically by the TEDS code number in the upper right corner of each data sheet. Volume 3 can be used in two ways: (1) technologies that are identified from Vol. 2 can be referenced directly in Vol. 3 by using the TEDS codes, and (2) technologies and general technology areas (alternatives) can be located in the index in the front of this volume.
Changbiao Wang
2012-10-24T23:59:59.000Z
It is shown without making use of Lorentz transformation that there exists a phenomenon of relativistic zero-frequency shift in Doppler effect for a plane wave in free space, observed in two inertial frames of relative motion, and the zero shift takes place at a maximum aberration of light. When it is applied to analysis of a moving point light source, two unconventional physical implications result: (1) a light source, when it is approaching (moving closer to) the observer, may cause a red shift; (2) a zero-frequency-shift observation does not necessarily mean that the light source is not moving closer, and in contrast, the light source may be moving closer to the observer at a high speed. This fundamental result of special relativity may provide an alternative way to experimentally examine the principle of relativity, and might have a significant application in astrophysics.
Design of a pneumatically assisted shifting system for Formula SAE® racing applications
Kennett, Andrew J. (Andrew John)
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An improved shifting system for use with the MIT Formula SAE race car was designed in order to provide drivers with a faster and easier means of shifting. The result of this design was a pneumatic shifting system weighing ...
PdZnAl Catalysts for the Reactions of Water-Gas-Shift, Methanol...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
PdZnAl Catalysts for the Reactions of Water-Gas-Shift, Methanol Steam Reforming, and Reverse-Water-Gas-Shift. PdZnAl Catalysts for the Reactions of Water-Gas-Shift, Methanol Steam...
Cappers, Peter; Satchwell, Andrew; Goldman, Charles; Schlegel, Jeff
2010-08-06T23:59:59.000Z
Increased interest by state (and federal) policymakers and regulatory agencies in pursuing aggressive energy efficiency efforts could deliver significant utility bill savings for customers while having long-term implications for ratepayers (e.g. potential rate impacts). Equity and distributional concerns associated with the authorized recovery of energy efficiency program costs may necessitate the pursuit of alternative program funding approaches. In 2008, Massachusetts passed the Green Communities Act which directed its energy efficiency (EE) program administrators to obtain all cost-effective EE resources. This goal has translated into achieving annual electric energy savings equivalent to a 2.4% reduction in retail sales from energy efficiency programs in 2012. Representatives of electricity consumer groups supported the new portfolio of EE programs (and the projected bill savings) but raised concerns about the potential rate impacts associated with achieving such aggressive EE goals, leading policymakers to seek out alternative funding sources which can potentially mitigate these effects. Utility administrators have also raised concerns about under-recovery of fixed costs when aggressive energy efficiency programs are pursued and have proposed ratemaking policies (e.g. decoupling) and business models that better align the utility's financial interests with the state's energy efficiency public policy goals. Quantifying these concerns and identifying ways they can be addressed are crucial steps in gaining the support of major stakeholder groups - lessons that can apply to other states looking to significantly increase savings targets that can be achieved from their own ratepayer-funded energy efficiency programs. We use a pro-forma utility financial model to quantify the bill and rate impacts on electricity customers when very aggressive annual energy efficiency savings goals ({approx}2.4%) are achieved over the long-term and also assess the impact of different cost recovery approaches that integrate alternative revenue sources. We also analyze alternative lost fixed cost recovery approaches to better understand how to mitigate the erosion of utility shareholder returns in states that have adopted (and achieved) very aggressive savings targets.
Lindstr\\"om theorems for fragments of first-order logic
van Benthem, Johan; Väänänen, Jouko
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Lindstr\\"om theorems characterize logics in terms of model-theoretic conditions such as Compactness and the L\\"owenheim-Skolem property. Most existing characterizations of this kind concern extensions of first-order logic. But on the other hand, many logics relevant to computer science are fragments or extensions of fragments of first-order logic, e.g., k-variable logics and various modal logics. Finding Lindstr\\"om theorems for these languages can be challenging, as most known techniques rely on coding arguments that seem to require the full expressive power of first-order logic. In this paper, we provide Lindstr\\"om theorems for several fragments of first-order logic, including the k-variable fragments for k>2, Tarski's relation algebra, graded modal logic, and the binary guarded fragment. We use two different proof techniques. One is a modification of the original Lindstr\\"om proof. The other involves the modal concepts of bisimulation, tree unraveling, and finite depth. Our results also imply semantic pre...
FO(FD): Extending classical logic with rule-based fixpoint definitions
Ping, Hou; Denecker, Marc; 10.1017/S1471068410000293
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce fixpoint definitions, a rule-based reformulation of fixpoint constructs. The logic FO(FD), an extension of classical logic with fixpoint definitions, is defined. We illustrate the relation between FO(FD) and FO(ID), which is developed as an integration of two knowledge representation paradigms. The satisfiability problem for FO(FD) is investigated by first reducing FO(FD) to difference logic and then using solvers for difference logic. These reductions are evaluated in the computation of models for FO(FD) theories representing fairness conditions and we provide potential applications of FO(FD).
Bacher-Gresock, Bethaney; Schwarzer, Julianne Siegel
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2006. Eco-Logical: An Ecosystem Approach to Developinghabitat and essential ecosystems. There are a variety ofdo very little to promote ecosystem sustainability. Concern
The Availability of Logical Operation Induced by Dichotomous Noise for a Nonlinear Bistable System
Yong Xu; Xiaoqin Jin; Huiqing Zhang; Tingting Yang
2013-09-04T23:59:59.000Z
Instead of a continuous system driven by Gaussian white noise, logical stochastic resonance will be investigated in a nonlinear bistable system with two thresholds driven by dichotomous noise, which shows a phenomenon different from Gaussian white noise. We can realize two parallel logical operations by simply adjusting the values of these two thresholds. Besides, to quantify the reliability of obtaining the correct logic output, we numerically calculate the success probability, and effects of dichotomous noise on the success probability are observed, these observations show that the reliability of realizing logical operation in the bistable system can be improved through optimizing parameters of dichotomous noise.
Life-cycle assessment of computational logic produced from 1995 through 2010
Boyd, Sarah; A. Horvath; Dornfeld, David
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
a life- cycle assessment (LCA) for generic CMOS logic atover time and to allow LCA practitioners to more accuratelyarea of semiconductor LCA has included four environmental
Shifting Power in Sacramento: The Effects of Term Limits on Legislative Staff
Robinson, Katerina L
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and Implications. Sacramento: California Senate Office ofRobinson: Shifting Power in Sacramento Price, Charles M.1 Shifting Power in Sacramento: The Effects of Term Limits
Precision Measurement of Transition Matrix Elements via Light Shift Cancellation
C. D. Herold; V. D. Vaidya; X. Li; S. L. Rolston; J. V. Porto; M. S. Safronova
2012-08-21T23:59:59.000Z
We present a method for accurate determination of atomic transition matrix elements at the 10^{-3} level. Measurements of the ac Stark (light) shift around "magic-zero" wavelengths, where the light shift vanishes, provide precise constraints on the matrix elements. We make the first measurement of the 5s-6p matrix elements in rubidium by measuring the light shift around the 421 nm and 423 nm zeros with a sequence of standing wave pulses. In conjunction with existing theoretical and experimental data, we find 0.3236(9) e a_0 and 0.5230(8) e a_0 for the 5s-6p_{1/2} and 5s-6p_{3/2} elements, respectively, an order of magnitude more accurate than the best theoretical values. This technique can provide needed, accurate matrix elements for many atoms, including those used in atomic clocks, tests of fundamental symmetries, and quantum information.
Observation of the Goos-Haenchen Shift with Neutrons
Haan, Victor-O. de; Plomp, Jeroen; Rekveldt, Theo M.; Kraan, Wicher H.; Well, Ad A. van; Dalgliesh, Robert M.; Langridge, Sean [Department Radiation, Radionuclides and Reactors, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 15, 2629 JB Delft (Netherlands); STFC, ISIS, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Oxfordshire, OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)
2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z
The Goos-Haenchen effect is a spatial shift along an interface resulting from an interference effect that occurs for total internal reflection. This phenomenon was suggested by Sir Isaac Newton, but it was not until 1947 that the effect was experimentally observed by Goos and Haenchen. We provide the first direct, absolute, experimental determination of the Goos-Haenchen shift for a particle experiencing a potential well as required by quantum mechanics: namely, wave-particle duality. Here, the particle is a spin-polarized neutron reflecting from a film of magnetized material. We detect the effect through a subtle change in polarization of the neutron. Here, we demonstrate, through experiment and theory, that neutrons do exhibit the Goos-Haenchen effect and postulate that the associated time shift should also be observable.
Quantum engineering of atomic phase-shifts in optical clocks
T. Zanon-Willette; S. Almonacil; E. de Clercq; A. D. Ludlow; E. Arimondo
2014-11-14T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum engineering of time-separated Raman laser pulses in three-level systems is presented to produce an ultra-narrow optical transition in bosonic alkali-earth clocks free from light shifts and with a significantly reduced sensitivity to laser parameter fluctuations. Based on a quantum artificial complex-wave-function analytical model, and supported by a full density matrix simulation including a possible residual effect of spontaneous emission from the intermediate state, atomic phase-shifts associated to Ramsey and Hyper-Ramsey two-photon spectroscopy in optical clocks are derived. Various common-mode Raman frequency detunings are found where the frequency shifts from off-resonant states are canceled, while strongly reducing their uncertainties at the 10$^{-18}$ level of accuracy.
System for computer controlled shifting of an automatic transmission
Patil, Prabhakar B. (Detroit, MI)
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In an automotive vehicle having an automatic transmission that driveably connects a power source to the driving wheels, a method to control the application of hydraulic pressure to a clutch, whose engagement produces an upshift and whose disengagement produces a downshift, the speed of the power source, and the output torque of the transmission. The transmission output shaft torque and the power source speed are the controlled variables. The commanded power source torque and commanded hydraulic pressure supplied to the clutch are the control variables. A mathematical model is formulated that describes the kinematics and dynamics of the powertrain before, during and after a gear shift. The model represents the operating characteristics of each component and the structural arrangement of the components within the transmission being controlled. Next, a close loop feedback control is developed to determine the proper control law or compensation strategy to achieve an acceptably smooth gear ratio change, one in which the output torque disturbance is kept to a minimum and the duration of the shift is minimized. Then a computer algorithm simulating the shift dynamics employing the mathematical model is used to study the effects of changes in the values of the parameters established from a closed loop control of the clutch hydraulic and the power source torque on the shift quality. This computer simulation is used also to establish possible shift control strategies. The shift strategies determine from the prior step are reduced to an algorithm executed by a computer to control the operation of the power source and the transmission.
Method and apparatus for executing a shift in a hybrid transmission
Gupta, Pinaki; Kaminsky, Lawrence A; Demirovic, Besim
2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z
A method for executing a transmission shift in a hybrid transmission including first and second electric machines includes executing a shift-through-neutral sequence from an initial transmission state to a target transmission state including executing an intermediate shift to neutral. Upon detecting a change in an output torque request while executing the shift-through-neutral sequence, possible recovery shift paths are identified. Available ones of the possible recovery shift paths are identified and a shift cost for each said available recovery shift path is evaluated. The available recovery shift path having a minimum shift cost is selected as a preferred recovery shift path and is executed to achieve a non-neutral transmission state.
Logic verification using recursive learning, ATPG and transformations
Paul, Debjyoti
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Logical Relationships 2. Identifying Illegal States . Input and Output Don't Cares . . 1. Input Don't Cares 2. Output Don't Cares 63 63 64 64 65 66 67 67 68 69 69 69 70 70 71 72 74 VITA 79 v1n LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page Comparison... Implications . Types of Indirect Implications 1. Controllability Implications and Equivalences Introduction to Conditional Don't Cares 1. CD: Conditional Don't Care Condition . 2. Example: Derivation of a Conditional Don't Care . 3. Multiple Conditional...
242-A Control System device logic software documentation. Revision 2
Berger, J.F.
1995-05-19T23:59:59.000Z
A Distributive Process Control system was purchased by Project B-534. This computer-based control system, called the Monitor and Control System (MCS), was installed in the 242-A Evaporator located in the 200 East Area. The purpose of the MCS is to monitor and control the Evaporator and Monitor a number of alarms and other signals from various Tank Farm facilities. Applications software for the MCS was developed by the Waste Treatment System Engineering Group of Westinghouse. This document describes the Device Logic for this system.
Shift-modulation invariant spaces on LCA groups
Cabrelli, Carlos
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A $(K,\\Lambda)$ shift-modulation invariant space is a subspace of $L^2(G)$, that is invariant by translations along elements in $K$ and modulations by elements in $\\Lambda$. Here $G$ is a locally compact abelian group, and $K$ and $\\Lambda$ are closed subgroups of $G$ and the dual group $\\hat G$, respectively. In this article we provide a characterization of shift-modulation invariant spaces in this general context when $K$ and $\\Lambda$ are uniform lattices. This extends previous results known for $L^2(\\R^d)$. We develop fiberization techniques and suitable range functions adapted to LCA groups needed to provide the desired characterization.
Oak Ridge K-25 Site Technology Logic Diagram
Fellows, R.L. (ed.)
1993-02-26T23:59:59.000Z
The Oak Ridge K-25 Technology Logic Diagram (TLD), a decision support tool for the K-25 Site, was developed to provide a planning document that relates environmental restoration and waste management problems at the Oak Ridge K-25 Site to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD technique identifies the research necessary to develop these technologies to a state that allows for technology transfer and application to waste management, remedial action, and decontamination and decommissioning activities. The TLD consists of four separate volumes-Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3A, and Vol. 3B. This Volume, Volume 1 provides introductory and overview information about the TLD. Volume 2 contains logic diagrams. Volume 3 has been divided into two separate volumes to facilitate handling and use. This volume is divided into ten chapters. The first chapter is a brief introduction, and the second chapter details the technical approach of the TLD. These categories are the work activities necessary for successful decontamination and decommissioning, waste management, and remedial action of the K-25 Site. The categories are characterization, decontamination, dismantlement, robotics and automation, remedial action, and waste management. Materials disposition is addressed in Chap. 9. The final chapter contains regulatory compliance information concerning waste management, remedial action, and decontamination and decommissioning.
Logical Error Rate Scaling of the Toric Code
Fern H. E. Watson; Sean D. Barrett
2014-09-26T23:59:59.000Z
To date, a great deal of attention has focused on characterizing the performance of quantum error correcting codes via their thresholds, the maximum correctable physical error rate for a given noise model and decoding strategy. Practical quantum computers will necessarily operate below these thresholds meaning that other performance indicators become important. In this work we consider the scaling of the logical error rate of the toric code and demonstrate how, in turn, this may be used to calculate a key performance indicator. We use a perfect matching decoding algorithm to find the scaling of the logical error rate and find two distinct operating regimes. The first regime admits a universal scaling analysis due to a mapping to a statistical physics model. The second regime characterizes the behavior in the limit of small physical error rate and can be understood by counting the error configurations leading to the failure of the decoder. We present a conjecture for the ranges of validity of these two regimes and use them to quantify the overhead -- the total number of physical qubits required to perform error correction.
BOOLEAN ALGEBRA Boolean algebra, or the algebra of logic, was devised by the English mathematician
Fitelson, Branden
BOOLEAN ALGEBRA Boolean algebra, or the algebra of logic, was devised by the English mathematician George Boole (1815-64), and embodies the first successful application of algebraic methods to logic. Boole seems initially to have conceived of each of the basic symbols of his algebraic system as standing
Partial and Nested Recursive Function Definitions in Higher-Order Logic
Krauss, Alexander
immediately, partial correctness properties can be proved before termination is established. It turns out not terminate on all input values. There are several known ways of expressing partiality in a logic Partial and Nested Recursive Function Definitions in Higher-Order Logic Alexander Krauss Received
LowEnergy Adder Design with a SinglePhase SourceCoupled Adiabatic Logic
Papaefthymiou, Marios
that uses a singlephase power clock. SCAL cascades comprise alternating PMOS and NMOStype gates. LowLowEnergy Adder Design with a SinglePhase SourceCoupled Adiabatic Logic Suhwan Kim Marios C. In comparison with corresponding 8bit CLAs in alternative logic styles that operate at minimum supply voltages
Energy Efficient Hybrid Wakeup Logic Michael Huang, Jose Renau*, and Josep Torrellas*
Torrellas, Josep
Energy Efficient Hybrid Wakeup Logic Michael Huang, Jose Renau*, and Josep Torrellas* University of Rochester, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign* #12;ISLPED'02 - Energy Efficient Hybrid Wakeup Logic tree is narrow (small fan-out) Comparisons reduced to 1% #12;ISLPED'02 - Energy Efficient Hybrid Wakeup
Modeling a Reconfigurable System for Computing the FFT in Place via Rewriting-Logic
Ayala-Rincón, Mauricio
implementation of the Fast Fourier Transform FFT using rewriting-logic. It is shown that rewriting-logic can purpose processors, reconfigurable computing delivers more processing power due to the implementation design makes it a good solution to the rapid changing electronic market. There are several taxonomies
Microfluidic logic gates and timers{ Michael W. Toepke, Vinay V. Abhyankar and David J. Beebe*
Beebe, David J.
Microfluidic logic gates and timers{ Michael W. Toepke, Vinay V. Abhyankar and David J. Beebe to create a number of microfluidic analogs to electronic circuit components. Three classes of components are demonstrated: (1) OR/AND, NOR/NAND, and XNOR digital microfluidic logic gates; (2) programmable, autonomous
Combinations of Modal Logics Brandon Bennett (brandon@scs.leeds.ac.uk)
Bennett, Brandon
Combinations of Modal Logics #3; Brandon Bennett (brandon@scs.leeds.ac.uk) School of Computer Studies, University of Leeds, UK Clare Dixon, Michael Fisher z and Ullrich Hustadt (fc dimensions. However, we begin by reviewing why we might want to use modal logics at all. z Corresponding
Combinations of Modal Logics Brandon Bennett (brandon@scs.leeds.ac.uk)
Franconi, Enrico
Combinations of Modal Logics #3; Brandon Bennett (brandon@scs.leeds.ac.uk) School of Computer Studies, University of Leeds, UK Clare Dixon (c.dixon@doc.mmu.ac.uk), Michael Fisher (m. However, we begin by reviewing why we might want to use modal logics at all. #3; This document
A Logic Programming Language with Lambda-Abstraction, Function Variables, and Simple Unification
Miller, Dale
A Logic Programming Language with Lambda-Abstraction, Function Variables, and Simple Unification 19104Â6389 USA Abstract: It has been argued elsewhere that a logic programming language with function variables and -abstractions within terms makes a good meta-programming language, especially when an object-language
A Logic Programming Language with Lambda-Abstraction, Function Variables, and Simple Unification
Miller, Dale
A Logic Programming Language with Lambda-Abstraction, Function Variables, and Simple Unification 19104-6389 USA Abstract: It has been argued elsewhere that a logic programming language with function variables and ~-abstractions within terms makes a good meta-programming language, especially when
FProlog: A language to Integrate Logic and Functional Programming for Automated Assembly
Hutchinson, Seth
FProlog: A language to Integrate Logic and Functional Programming for Automated Assembly S. A as the top level in a robot assem- bly system. FProlog is a logic programming language,with the ability, etc. FPrologdiffers from hybridlogic programming languages, such as LOGLISP, in that FProlog may
A Logic Programming Language with LambdaAbstraction, Function Variables, and Simple Unification
Miller, Dale
A Logic Programming Language with LambdaÂAbstraction, Function Variables, and Simple Unification 19104--6389 USA Abstract: It has been argued elsewhere that a logic programming language with function variables and â??Âabstractions within terms makes a good metaÂprogramming language, especially when an objectÂlanguage
On Termination of Constraint Logic Programs Livio Colussi 1, Elena Marchiori 2, Massimo Marchiori 1
Marchiori, Elena
On Termination of Constraint Logic Programs Livio Colussi 1, Elena Marchiori 2, Massimo Marchiori 1 introduces a necessary and sufficient condition for termination of constraint logic programs. The method programs. Then termination is proven using a technique inspired by the seminal approach of Floyd
Direct Reed-Muller Transform of Digital Logic Netlists Mitchell A. Thornton and Jennifer Dworak
Thornton, Mitchell
-output relation of a linear system is a mature idea and is heavily used in electrical circuit analysis that enables frequency domain analysis of digital logic circuits through the use of the Reed-Muller transform applied directly upon a logic circuit netlist. The technique is based on formulating a linear algebraic
Transient Analysis and Synthesis of Linear Circuits using Constraint Logic Programming
Gilbert, David
Transient Analysis and Synthesis of Linear Circuits using Constraint Logic Programming Archana for linear circuits and its implementation in a Constraint Logic Programming language, CLP(R). The transient analysis program parses the input circuit description into a network graph, analyses its semantic
Approximate logic circuits for low overhead, non-intrusive concurrent error detection
Mohanram, Kartik
Approximate logic circuits for low overhead, non-intrusive concurrent error detection Mihir R for the synthesis of approximate logic circuits. A low overhead, non-intrusive solution for concurrent error as proposed in this paper. A low overhead, non-intrusive solution for CED based on ap- proximate
A LOGICAL INVERTED TAXONOMY OF SORTING ALGORITHMS S.M. Merritt K.K. Lau
Lau, Kung-Kiu
A LOGICAL INVERTED TAXONOMY OF SORTING ALGORITHMS S.M. Merritt K.K. Lau School of Computer Science taxonomy of sorting algorithms, a highÂlevel, topÂdown, conceptually simple and symmetric categorization taxonomy of sorting algorithms. This provides a logical basis for the inverted taxonomy and expands
Florentin Smarandache; Jean Dezert; S. Bhattacharya; Andrzej Buller; M. Khoshnevisan; S. Singh; Feng Liu; Gh. C. Dinulescu-Campina; Chris Lucas; C. Gershenson
2003-06-26T23:59:59.000Z
Papers on neutrosophy (a generalization of dialectics), on neutrosophic logic, set, probability and statistics (generalizations of fuzzy logic, fuzzy set, and imprecise probability respectively), by Florentin Smarandache, Jean Dezert, S. Bhattacharya, Andrzej Buller, M. Khoshnevisan, S. Singh, Feng Liu, Gh. C. Dinulescu-Campina, Chris Lucas, and C. Gershenson.
THE PROSPECTS FOR MATHEMATICAL LOGIC IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY
Shore, Richard A.
THE PROSPECTS FOR MATHEMATICAL LOGIC IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY SAMUEL R. BUSS, ALEXANDER S theory in section 2, S. Buss discusses proof theory and computer science logic in section 3, A. Pillay and inviting us to participate. S. Buss Â§2. Recursion Theory. By Richard A. Shore. When I was asked
THE PROSPECTS FOR MATHEMATICAL LOGIC IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY
Shore, Richard A.
THE PROSPECTS FOR MATHEMATICAL LOGIC IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY SAMUEL R. BUSS, ALEXANDER S. Shore discusses recursion theory in section 2, S. Buss discusses proof theory and computer science logic of the panel topics and inviting us to participate. S. Buss x2. Recursion Theory. By Richard A. Shore. When I
Triantaphyllou, Evangelos
STATEMENTS Dr. Guoqing Chen received his Ph.D. from the Catholic University of Leuven (KUL), Belgium, in 1992, Boston, in 1998 and 1999 respectively. His areas of interest include data mining, databases, fuzzy logic. Wei's major research interests are information systems, fuzzy logic, and data mining. He has many
Array E -LEAM Digital Interface (54L V s Amelco Logic) PAGE OF
Rathbun, Julie A.
line. c. Restrict fanout as required in the res to one to minimize reduction in noise margin. #12;l however that the 54L logic vendors have been more conservative. The maximum noise margin for the 54L line. b. The Amelco logic consumes less power which achieves a power adva:qtage over 54L. Voltage drops
Chico: An On-Chip Hardware Checker for Pipeline Control Logic
Bertacco, Valeria
Chico: An On-Chip Hardware Checker for Pipeline Control Logic Andrew DeOrio, Adam Bauserman es- caped design errors in these high risk functional blocks. Our solution includes an on of a pipeline's control logic is such a complex problem that it is often un- achievable. As a result
Martinis, John M.
Logic gates at the surface code threshold: Superconducting qubits poised for fault-tolerant quantum circuits, and is compatible with microfabrication. For superconducting qubits the surface code7 99%. Here, we demonstrate a universal set of logic gates in a superconducting multi-qubit processor
1995 International Test Conference, Oct. 23-25, 1995 SYNTHESIS OF MAPPING LOGIC FOR GENERATING
McCluskey, Edward J.
generator may not provide a sufficiently high fault coverage. This paper presents a new technique logic at the output of the pseudo-random pattern generator to transform the original set of patterns1995 International Test Conference, Oct. 23-25, 1995 SYNTHESIS OF MAPPING LOGIC FOR GENERATING
ECE 102: Digital Circuit Logic High-school Math/Science
Connors, Daniel A.
Concepts: - Introduction to Digital Systems - Number, character, and information representation - Boolean Applications: - Adder/subtracter - Array Multiplier - Traffic light controller - ALU design Tools: CAD toolsECE 102: Digital Circuit Logic High-school Math/Science - None - Can implement logic
Periodic Communication Logics for the Decentralized Control of Multi-Agent Systems
Lemmon, Michael
Periodic Communication Logics for the Decentralized Control of Multi-Agent Systems Yashan Sun decision is not related to the current state of the system. We say the communication logic is closed and Michael D. Lemmon Abstract-- This paper studies a system consisting of several dynamical subsystems
Formalizing properties of rst order terms in the Boyer-Moore logic ?
Reina, José Luis Ruiz
Formalizing properties of #12;rst order terms in the Boyer-Moore logic ? Jos#19;e-Luis Ruiz are formalized using Boyer-Moore logic and carried out mechanically with the Boyer-Moore theorem prover. Keywords: Automated Deduction, Boyer-Moore Theorem Prover, First Order Terms, Subsumption, Uni#12;cation, Anti-uni#12
An Air-Operated Multi-Input Logical "OR" Module* Bogdan Stoyanov, Vlaiko Peichev, Jordan Beyazov
Borissova, Daniela
110 An Air-Operated Multi-Input Logical "OR" Module* Bogdan Stoyanov, Vlaiko Peichev, Jordan Beyazov Institute of Information Technologies, 1113 Sofia Abstract: The paper presents an 18-input air is the devel- opment of a specialized air-operated multi-input logical "OR" module intended for use
A Self-Aligned InGaAs HEMT Architecture for Logic Applications
Waldron, Niamh
In this paper, we present a novel self-aligned process for future III-V logic FETs. Using this process, we have demonstrated enhancement-mode 90-nm-gate-length InGaAs HEMTs with excellent logic figures of merit. We have ...
Chemical Wave Logic Gates Oliver Steinbock, Petteri Kettunen, and Kenneth Showalter*
Showalter, Kenneth
Chemical Wave Logic Gates Oliver Steinbock, Petteri Kettunen, and Kenneth Showalter* Department Form: August 6, 1996X Logic gates based on chemical wave propagation in geometrically constrained. Computational studies of the serial coupling of elements to form multicomponent gates and general chemical wave
The Coming Market Shift: Business Strategy and Climate Change*
Hoffman, Andrew J.
#12;7 The Coming Market Shift: Business Strategy and Climate Change* Andrew J Hoffman, University Enterprise at the University of Michigan and the Pew Center on Global Climate Change Introduction In many respects, the scientific debate is irrelevant. For the business community, climate change represents
SHIFTING MODES? TRANSPORTATION AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PATTERNS IN
Kammen, Daniel M.
& saving energy in transport via mode shifts? Prospects for the future #12;I - Factors affecting travel% 100% #12;Trends in VMT 1970-2010 0 500000 1000000 1500000 2000000 2500000 3000000 3500000 3 billion miles a mo Flattening out last few years: recession, prices, aging population, ....???? Transit
Surface alloying of immiscible metals induced by surface state shift
Che, Jingguang
, and topography; Silver; Gold; Copper; Tungsten; Molybdenum 1. Introduction Surface alloying has been a subjectSurface alloying of immiscible metals induced by surface state shift X.K. Shu, P. Jiang, J.G. Che) surface to form the substitutional surface alloys, despite the fact that they do not like to form alloy
Google Energy's Shift into Renewables case 1-429-226
Edwards, Paul N.
Google Energy's Shift into Renewables case 1-429-226 April 3, 2012 Published by Globa created subsidiary, sat down to discuss the company's renewable energy investment strategy.1 Google Energy With the green light from co-founder and CEO Larry Page to expand, the team from Google Energy, a recently
Investigating the ability of various buildings in handling load shiftings
of residential buildings, several energy saving technologies exist. Therefore, when such buildings are renovated the ability of several renovating configurations to keep the inhab- itants in a comfortable situation during setting, between the users (inhabitants) and the energy provider who uses these load shifting periods
Definite Descriptions, Focus Shift, and a Theory of Discourse Interpretation
Poesio, Massimo
Definite Descriptions, Focus Shift, and a Theory of Discourse Interpretation Massimo Poesio Centre of situations and their hierarchical organization. 1 Ingredients of a Theory of Definite Description InterÂ pretation A theory of definite description (DD) interpretation must build on a general theory of discourse
Hydrogen Raman shifts in carbon nanotubes from molecular dynamics simulation
Brenner, Donald W.
Hydrogen Raman shifts in carbon nanotubes from molecular dynamics simulation S.J.V. Frankland *, D hydrogen in individual single-shell carbon nanotubes and nanotube ropes using a semiclassical model. The calculations predict that isolated hydrogen molecules inside of nanotubes have a Raman frequency that increases
Jrgen Alheit A BRIEF OVERVIEW OF THE REGIME SHIFT
shifts in the mean. Several approaches can be distinguished: 1. Parametric methods, such as the classical-order statistics, such as the variance and power spectrum (Tables 2 and 3). A separate group of methods includes., 2003). Strong theoretical basis. Robust to the assumption of normality and equality of variances. Data
Social cues shift functional connectivity in the hypothalamus
Ryan, Michael J.
Social cues shift functional connectivity in the hypothalamus Kim L. Hoke* , Michael J. Ryan the functional connec- tivity within the hypothalamus, consistent with principles that underlie the simultaneous's prediction to consider how socially relevant auditory inputs demarcate subnetworks in the hypothalamus
Chemical Shifts in X-ray and Photo-Electron Spectroscopy: A Historical review
Lindgren, Ingvar
Chemical Shifts in X-ray and Photo-Electron Spectroscopy: A Historical review Ingvar Lindgren 1 Introduction 2 2 Chemical shift in X-ray spectroscopy 2 2.1 Discovery of the chemical shift in X-ray spectroscopy . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.2 Interpretation of the chemical shift in X-ray spectroscopy
Terwilliger, K M
1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Suppression of radio frequency knock out in stacked beams by phase shifting the betatron oscillations
1 N. Logic, E. Kyriakides, G. T. Heydt, "Lp State Estimators for Power Systems," N. Logic, E. Kyriakides, G. T. Heydt, "Lp state estimators for power systems," Journal of Electric Power Components and Systems, accepted for publication, 2002. #12;2 Lp State Estimators for Power Systems N. Logic E
Halamek, Jan; Halamkova, Lenka; Bocharova, Vera; Privman, Vladimir; Wang, Joseph; Katz, Evgeny
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Biomolecular logic systems processing biochemical input signals and producing "digital" outputs in the form of YES/NO were developed for analysis of physiological conditions characteristic of liver injury, soft tissue injury and abdominal trauma. Injury biomarkers were used as input signals for activating the logic systems. Their normal physiological concentrations were defined as logic-0 level, while their pathologically elevated concentrations were defined as logic-1 values. Since the input concentrations applied as logic 0 and 1 values were not sufficiently different, the output signals being at low and high values (0, 1 outputs) were separated with a short gap making their discrimination difficult. Coupled enzymatic reactions functioning as a biomolecular signal processing system with a built-in filter property were developed. The filter process involves a partial back-conversion of the optical-output-signal-yielding product, but only at its low concentrations, thus allowing the proper discrimination betw...
Jan Halamek; Jian Zhou; Lenka Halamkova; Vera Bocharova; Vladimir Privman; Joseph Wang; Evgeny Katz
2011-10-08T23:59:59.000Z
Biomolecular logic systems processing biochemical input signals and producing "digital" outputs in the form of YES/NO were developed for analysis of physiological conditions characteristic of liver injury, soft tissue injury and abdominal trauma. Injury biomarkers were used as input signals for activating the logic systems. Their normal physiological concentrations were defined as logic-0 level, while their pathologically elevated concentrations were defined as logic-1 values. Since the input concentrations applied as logic 0 and 1 values were not sufficiently different, the output signals being at low and high values (0, 1 outputs) were separated with a short gap making their discrimination difficult. Coupled enzymatic reactions functioning as a biomolecular signal processing system with a built-in filter property were developed. The filter process involves a partial back-conversion of the optical-output-signal-yielding product, but only at its low concentrations, thus allowing the proper discrimination between 0 and 1 output values.
On the Importance of Considering Measurement Errors in a Fuzzy Logic System for Scientific Applications in Nuclear Fusion
The programmable (logic) controller: Adapting in an environment of change
Levine, P.S. [ed.
1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
Reports of the imminent death of the PLC (programmable logic controller) were greatly exaggerated, to paraphrase Mark Twain. In fact, the PLC is not only alive and working worldwide in thousands of applications, but it is also integrating well with related technologies. Long-term survival is a larger question - probably unanswerable given the pace of technological change. However, a few questions arise about the PLC today and in the immediate future: (1) What`s happening with programming languages? (2) Will there continue to be a {open_quotes}blurring of the lines{close_quotes} between the PLC and other technologies, and what role will software play in this integration? (3) How will the PLC`s cost and size affect the market?
Parallel transport quantum logic gates with trapped ions
de Clercq, Ludwig; Marinelli, Matteo; Nadlinger, David; Oswald, Robin; Negnevitsky, Vlad; Kienzler, Daniel; Keitch, Ben; Home, Jonathan P
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum information processing will require combinations of gate operations and communication, with each applied in parallel to large numbers of quantum systems. These tasks are often performed sequentially, with gates implemented by pulsed fields and information transported either by moving the physical qubits or using photonic links. For trapped ions, an alternative approach is to implement quantum logic gates by transporting the ions through static laser beams, combining qubit operations with transport. This has significant advantages for scalability since the voltage waveforms required for transport can potentially be generated using micro-electronics integrated into the trap structure itself, while both optical and microwave control elements are significantly more bulky. Using a multi-zone ion trap, we demonstrate transport gates on a qubit encoded in the hyperfine structure of a beryllium ion. We show the ability to perform sequences of operations, and to perform parallel gates on two ions transported t...
Three dimensional imaging detector employing wavelength-shifting optical fibers
Worstell, W.A.
1997-02-04T23:59:59.000Z
A novel detector element structure and method for its use is provided. In a preferred embodiment, one or more inorganic scintillating crystals are coupled through wavelength shifting optical fibers (WLSFs) to position sensitive photomultipliers (PS-PMTs). The superior detector configuration in accordance with this invention is designed for an array of applications in high spatial resolution gamma ray sensing with particular application to SPECT, PET and PVI imaging systems. The design provides better position resolution than prior art devices at a lower total cost. By employing wavelength shifting fibers (WLSFs), the sensor configuration of this invention can operate with a significant reduction in the number of photomultipliers and electronics channels, while potentially improving the resolution of the system by allowing three dimensional reconstruction of energy deposition positions. 11 figs.
Spatial-heterodyne interferometry for transmission (SHIFT) measurements
Bingham, Philip R.; Hanson, Gregory R.; Tobin, Ken W.
2006-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
Systems and methods are described for spatial-heterodyne interferometry for transmission (SHIFT) measurements. A method includes digitally recording a spatially-heterodyned hologram including spatial heterodyne fringes for Fourier analysis using a reference beam, and an object beam that is transmitted through an object that is at least partially translucent; Fourier analyzing the digitally recorded spatially-heterodyned hologram, by shifting an original origin of the digitally recorded spatially-heterodyned hologram to sit on top of a spatial-heterodyne carrier frequency defined by an angle between the reference beam and the object beam, to define an analyzed image; digitally filtering the analyzed image to cut off signals around the original origin to define a result; and performing an inverse Fourier transform on the result.
The muonic hydrogen Lamb shift and the proton radius
Clara Peset
2014-11-14T23:59:59.000Z
We obtain a model independent expression for the muonic hydrogen Lamb shift up to $\\mathcal O (m_\\mu \\alpha^6, m_\\mu \\alpha^5 \\frac{m_\\mu^2}{m_\\rho^2})$. The hadronic effects are controlled by the chiral theory, which allows for their model independent determination. We give their complete expression including the pion and Delta particles. Out of this analysis and the experimental measurement of the muonic hydrogen Lamb shift we determine the electromagnetic proton radius: $r_p$=0.8412(15) fm. This number is at 6.8$\\sigma$ variance with respect to the CODATA value. The parametric control of the uncertainties allows us to obtain a model independent determination of the error, which is dominated by hadronic effects.
Reversible Logic Synthesis with Minimal Usage of Ancilla Bits
Siyao Xu
2015-06-10T23:59:59.000Z
Reversible logic has attracted much research interest over the last few decades, especially due to its application in quantum computing. In the construction of reversible gates from basic gates, ancilla bits are commonly used to remove restrictions on the type of gates that a certain set of basic gates generates. With unlimited ancilla bits, many gates (such as Toffoli and Fredkin) become universal reversible gates. However, ancilla bits can be expensive to implement, thus making the problem of minimizing necessary ancilla bits a practical topic. This thesis explores the problem of reversible logic synthesis using a single base gate and a few ancilla bits. Two base gates are discussed: a variation of the 3-bit Toffoli gate and the original 3-bit Fredkin gate. There are three main results associated with these two gates: i) the variated Toffoli gate can generate all n-bit reversible gates using 1 ancilla bit, ii) the variated Toffoli can generate all n-bit reversible gates that are even permutations using no ancilla bit, iii) the Fredkin gate can generate all n-bit conservative reversible gates using 1 ancilla bit. Prior to this paper, the best known result for general universality requires three basic gates, and the best known result for conservative universality needs 5 ancilla bits. The second result is trivially optimal. For the first and the third result, we explicitly prove their optimality: the variated Toffoli cannot generate all n-bit reversible gates without using any extra input lines, and the Fredkin gate cannot generate all n-bit conservative reversible gates without using extra input lines. We also explore a stronger version of the second converse by introducing a new concept called borrowed bits, and prove that the Fredkin gate cannot generate all n-bit conservative reversible gates without ancilla bits, even with an unlimited number of borrowed bits.
Doppler effect and frequency-shift in optics
S C Tiwari
2006-05-29T23:59:59.000Z
A critical review of frequency-shift phenomena a la Doppler effect is presented. The importance of Fermi's theory of 1932 is pointed out, and it is argued that there exists a gap in our understanding of this phenomena at a fundamental level. Alternative mechanism in terms of photon number oscillations is suggested for polarization changing experiments. The physical reality of single photon is revisited, and a possible experimental scheme to test the alternative mechanism is suggested.
Hybrid powertrain system including smooth shifting automated transmission
Beaty, Kevin D.; Nellums, Richard A.
2006-10-24T23:59:59.000Z
A powertrain system is provided that includes a prime mover and a change-gear transmission having an input, at least two gear ratios, and an output. The powertrain system also includes a power shunt configured to route power applied to the transmission by one of the input and the output to the other one of the input and the output. A transmission system and a method for facilitating shifting of a transmission system are also provided.
Testing numerical relativity with the shifted gauge wave
Maria C. Babiuc; Bela Szilagyi; Jeffrey Winicour
2006-02-17T23:59:59.000Z
Computational methods are essential to provide waveforms from coalescing black holes, which are expected to produce strong signals for the gravitational wave observatories being developed. Although partial simulations of the coalescence have been reported, scientifically useful waveforms have so far not been delivered. The goal of the AppleswithApples (AwA) Alliance is to design, coordinate and document standardized code tests for comparing numerical relativity codes. The first round of AwA tests have now being completed and the results are being analyzed. These initial tests are based upon periodic boundary conditions designed to isolate performance of the main evolution code. Here we describe and carry out an additional test with periodic boundary conditions which deals with an essential feature of the black hole excision problem, namely a non-vanishing shift. The test is a shifted version of the existing AwA gauge wave test. We show how a shift introduces an exponentially growing instability which violates the constraints of a standard harmonic formulation of Einstein's equations. We analyze the Cauchy problem in a harmonic gauge and discuss particular options for suppressing instabilities in the gauge wave tests. We implement these techniques in a finite difference evolution algorithm and present test results. Although our application here is limited to a model problem, the techniques should benefit the simulation of black holes using harmonic evolution codes.
Isotope shifts at 1. 28. mu. m in Pb
Reeves, J.M.; Fortson, E.N. (Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (USA))
1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
The isotopic shift of the 6{ital p}{sup 2} {ital P}{sub 0}{r arrow}6{ital p}{sup 2} {sup 3}{ital P}{sub 1} (1.28 {mu}m) magnetic-dipole transition in Pb, which had been previously estimated incorrectly in the literature, has been measured, together with the magnetic hyperfine constant of the {sup 3}{ital P}{sub 1} level in {sup 207}Pb. The shifts of the {sup 206}Pb and {sup 207}Pb lines from the {sup 208}Pb position are {delta}(206--208)=220.4(15) MHz and {delta}(207--208)=138.0(17) MHz, and the hyperfine constant {ital A}(6{ital p}{sup 2} {ital P}{sub 1})={minus}2388.2(45) MHz. Inclusion of the shifts in calculated optical rotation line shapes removes long-standing discrepancies between theory and experiment, which have limited the precision of parity-nonconservation measurements in Pb.
Encoding Phases using Commutativity and Non-commutativity in a Logical Framework
Amblard, Maxime
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This article presents an extension of Minimalist Categorial Gram- mars (MCG) to encode Chomsky's phases. These grammars are based on Par- tially Commutative Logic (PCL) and encode properties of Minimalist Grammars (MG) of Stabler. The first implementation of MCG were using both non- commutative properties (to respect the linear word order in an utterance) and commutative ones (to model features of different constituents). Here, we pro- pose to adding Chomsky's phases with the non-commutative tensor product of the logic. Then we could give account of the PIC just by using logical prop- erties of the framework.
The logic of the future in the Everett-Wheeler understanding of quantum theory
Anthony Sudbery
2015-02-04T23:59:59.000Z
I discuss the problems of probability and the future in the Everett-Wheeler understanding of quantum theory. To resolve these, I propose an understanding of probability arising from a form of temporal logic: the probability of a future-tense proposition is identified with its truth value in a many-valued and context-dependent logic. I construct a lattice of tensed propositions, with truth values in the interval $[0,1]$, and derive logical properties of the truth values given by the usual quantum-mechanical formula for the probability of histories.
Turner, Ken
and analysis of digital logic designs. Other similar work on hardware description in LOTOS is reported in [7]. 1.2 Digital Logic Specification in LOTOS Digital logic design is well-understood; many textbooks (e such approaches, the goal of the work reported in this paper is to allow digital logic designs to be specified
Back and Forth Between Guarded and Modal Logics Erich Gradel # Colin Hirsch # Martin Otto +
Otto, Martin
Back and Forth Between Guarded and Modal Logics Erich GrË?adel # Colin Hirsch # Martin Otto of bisimulation, is that one can only directly access nodes along basic edge relations. In the guarded scenario
Decidability of FirstOrder Logic Queries To appear in ICDT 99
Dong, Guozhu
/or the world wide web. Much of this recent research has been on fundamental problems such as con tainment, implication of dependencies and reasoning in de scription logics. Key words: satisfiability, decidability
Modeling a Reconfigurable System for Computing the FFT in Place via RewritingLogic #
Ayala-Rincón, Mauricio
hardware implementation of the Fast Fourier Transform -- FFT using rewritinglogic. It is shown on general purpose processors, reconfigurable computing delivers more processing power due electronic market. There are several taxonomies applied to reconfigurable computing. Concerning the specific
Applications of single-photon two-qubit quantum logic to the quantum information science
Kim, Taehyun
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this thesis, I describe demonstration of various quantum information processing tasks using single-photon two-qubit (SPTQ) quantum logic. As an initial state of those tasks, I used various entangled photon pairs, and I ...
A Smart Logic for Conference Room Terminal Box of Single Duct VAV System
Yu, Y.; Xu, K.; Cho, Y.; Liu, M.
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
time, the minimum outside intake ratio for AHU side should be as low as possible to save energy. This study presents a smart logic to solve the confliction while improving thermal environment and saving energy consumption. The new control sequence...
A Probabilistic Temporal Logic with Frequency Operators and Its Model Checking
Tomita, Takashi; Yonezaki, Naoki; 10.4204/EPTCS.73.9
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Probabilistic Computation Tree Logic (PCTL) and Continuous Stochastic Logic (CSL) are often used to describe specifications of probabilistic properties for discrete time and continuous time, respectively. In PCTL and CSL, the possibility of executions satisfying some temporal properties can be quantitatively represented by the probabilistic extension of the path quantifiers in their basic Computation Tree Logic (CTL), however, path formulae of them are expressed via the same operators in CTL. For this reason, both of them cannot represent formulae with quantitative temporal properties, such as those of the form "some properties hold to more than 80% of time points (in a certain bounded interval) on the path." In this paper, we introduce a new temporal operator which expressed the notion of frequency of events, and define probabilistic frequency temporal logic (PFTL) based on CTL\\star. As a result, we can easily represent the temporal properties of behavior in probabilistic systems. However, it is difficult to...
An efficient logic fault diagnosis framework based on effect-cause approach
Wu, Lei
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
in This dissertation follows the style and format of IEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems. 2 malfunctioning chips, usually through analysis of the logic behavior of failing circuits. Physical failure analysis cannot be effectively...
Joshi, Praveen Sudhakar
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Predictive Variable Structure and Fuzzy Logic based controllers for the same benchmark problem. Evaluation criteria consist of closed-loop system performance, activity level of the VFC nozzles, ease of controller synthesis, time required to synthesize...
A fuzzy logic approach to command arbitration for an autonomous mobile robot
Pfluger, Nathan Jay
1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
behavioral approach which attempts to minimize information loss in command formulation by using a command arbitration network, termed command fusion. We have extended Payton-Rosenblatt's approach using fuzzy logic. The benefits of our approach include...
A fuzzy logic based motion controller for a multi-degree-of-freedom robot arm
Pate, Billy Blakley
1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis addresses the task of producing a generic control algorithm for Cartesian motion of manipulators. The algorithm employs a self organizing fuzzy logic estimator to produce joint space changes given Cartesian error. The output from...
LSRM - a tool for logic simulation of RISC-based microprocessor
Jiang, Xiaohua
1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
microprocessor is to define the instruction set and its corresponding architecture. It will be inconvenient in terms of time and cost to verify an instruction set and its architecture through complete hardware realization. Therefore, a logic simulator for RISC...
Detection and removal of functional redundancy in multi-level logic circuits
Dorsey, David Michael
2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
Whenever digital designs are created, they may contain many logic redundancies. Minimization tools are then used to remove these redundancies. The minimized circuit should be smaller, faster, and cheaper while still behaving like the original...
Shao, Li
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We describe a new approach for formal verification of combinational logic circuits, and their switch-level transistor implementation. Our approach CODibines regression testing, hierarchical recursive learning, and test generation techniques. A...
A Note on the Use of Sum in the Logic of Proofs Roman Kuznets
Jäger, Gerhard
A Note on the Use of Sum in the Logic of Proofs Roman Kuznets Institut f¨ur Informatik und angewandte Mathematik Universit¨at Bern Neubr¨uckstrasse 10, 3012 Bern, Switzerland kuznets
Joshi, Praveen Sudhakar
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Predictive Variable Structure and Fuzzy Logic based controllers for the same benchmark problem. Evaluation criteria consist of closed-loop system performance, activity level of the VFC nozzles, ease of controller synthesis, time required to synthesize...
System Reliability: A Case When Fuzzy Logic Enhances Probability Theory's Ability
Kreinovich, Vladik
. Zadeh explains that probabil ity theory needs an infusion of fuzzy logic to enhance its ability to deal such an infusion is indeed successful: the problem of system reliability. 1. Reliability: Brief Introduction
Nelson, Brent E.
this knowledge can be used, we de- scribe, in detail, how to determine the logical-to-physical mapping of Xilinx. Effort sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and Rome Laboratory, Air Force
Singh, Pritpal
microfabrication techniques [2]. Bipolar Technologies Corp. ("BTC") has also been developing a novel µbatteries by BTC's unique process, and have designed and implemented a fuzzy logic-based charge controller
Configurable logic : a dynamically programmable cellular architecture and its VLSI implementation
Kean, Thomas A
At present there are two main paradigms for computation : interpretation of a data stream representing a program by a processing unit (software) and an interconnection of active logic elements (hardware). While both systems ...
Cooperative self-localization in a multi-robot-no-landmark scenario using fuzzy logic
Sinha, Dhirendra Kumar
2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z
In this thesis, we develop a method using fuzzy logic to do cooperative localization. In a group of robots, at a given instant, each robot gives crisp pose estimates for all the other robots. These crisp pose values are ...
Analysis of a duo-selecting membrane reactor for the water-gas shift
Hardy, AliciA Jillian Jackson, 1978-
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The water-gas shift reaction is an exothermic and reversible catalytic process that converts carbon monoxide and water (steam) to hydrogen and carbon dioxide. In regard to energy-related issues, the water-gas shift is part ...
The Future of TDM: Technology and Demographic Shifts and Their Implications for
The Future of TDM: Technology and Demographic Shifts and Their Implications for Transportation Demand Management Final report PRC 15-25F #12;2 The Future of TDM: Technology and Demographic Shifts ........................................................................................................... 15 Future Demand and Texas Demographic Trends
Low power RF CMOS phase-shifting dual modulus (16/17) prescaler
Duggal, Abhishek
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report describes the research work I undertook for my M.S. degree requirements. The conventional and phase-shifting architectures are compared. Problems with the phase-shifting architecture are analyzed and a new modified architecture...
Coherent control of the Goos-Hanchen shift
Ziauddin, Qamar S.; Qamar, Sajid; Zubairy, M. Suhail
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
remains positive. The corresponding group index of the cavity is positive in both cases. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.81.023821 PACS number(s): 42.25.Bs, 42.50.Gy I. INTRODUCTION In 1947, Goos and Ha?nchen [1] experimentally observed evidence...,t is the phase associated with the reflection r(ky, ?p) or transmission t(ky, ?p) coefficients (with reflection and transmission coefficients being complex quantities). As a result the lateral or GH shift in the reflected and transmitted probe light beams can...
Hand held phase-shifting diffraction Moire interferometer
Deason, V.A.; Ward, M.B.
1994-09-20T23:59:59.000Z
An interferometer is described in which a coherent beam of light is generated within a remote case and transmitted to a hand held unit tethered to said remote case, said hand held unit having optical elements for directing a pair of mutually coherent collimated laser beams at a diffraction grating. Data from the secondary or diffracted beams are then transmitted to a separate video and data acquisition system for recording and analysis for load induced deformation or for identification purposes. Means are also provided for shifting the phase of one incident beam relative to the other incident beam and being controlled from within said remote case. 4 figs.
LEDSGP/Transportation Toolkit/Strategies/Shift | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP aCentrothermDepew,IndependentCounty,Kent City,KitLEDSGP/DIA-Toolkit/Toolssource History ViewShift <
PowerSHIFT Energy Company Inc | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaPLawrence County,1980) | OpenAl.,PetroAsiaPotter County, South Dakota:Powell,PowerSHIFT Energy Company
Yaakov Friedman
2010-06-10T23:59:59.000Z
An experiment for testing Doppler type shift for an accelerated source and determination of the universal maximal acceleration is proposed.
Mississippi Floods - Designing a Shifting Landscape [EDRA / Places Awards, 2001-2002 -- Research
Horwitz, Jamie; Bressi, Todd W
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
da Cunha, Mississippi Floods (New Haven: Yale UniversityMississippi Floods: Designing aShifting Landscape “Mississippi Floods” investigates how
Sohi, Guri S.
the proposed design through a detailed evaluation of load value profiling. Our implementation quickly), January 19-24, 2001 Abstract Aggressive program optimization requires accurate profile information, but such accuracy requires many samples to be collected. We explore a novel profiling architecture that reduces
Scott, Michael L.
energy con- sumption. We then evaluate the benefits of fusion empiri- cally on synthetic and real-world. Reduced demand naturally tends to save both time and energy. Increased balance also tends to save time andThe Energy Impact of Aggressive Loop Fusion YongKang Zhu, Grigorios Magklis, Michael L. Scott
Computing single step operators of logic programming in radial basis function neural networks
Hamadneh, Nawaf; Sathasivam, Saratha; Choon, Ong Hong [School of Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Penang (Malaysia)
2014-07-10T23:59:59.000Z
Logic programming is the process that leads from an original formulation of a computing problem to executable programs. A normal logic program consists of a finite set of clauses. A valuation I of logic programming is a mapping from ground atoms to false or true. The single step operator of any logic programming is defined as a function (T{sub p}:I?I). Logic programming is well-suited to building the artificial intelligence systems. In this study, we established a new technique to compute the single step operators of logic programming in the radial basis function neural networks. To do that, we proposed a new technique to generate the training data sets of single step operators. The training data sets are used to build the neural networks. We used the recurrent radial basis function neural networks to get to the steady state (the fixed point of the operators). To improve the performance of the neural networks, we used the particle swarm optimization algorithm to train the networks.
Tracking in Presence of Total Occlusion and Size Variation using Mean Shift and Kalman Filter
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Tracking in Presence of Total Occlusion and Size Variation using Mean Shift and Kalman Filter Oscar using mean shift and the Kalman filter, which was added to the traditional algorithm as a predictor when mean shift Kalman filter algorithm improves the tracking performance of the classical algorithms
164 J. Neurosurg. / Volume 106 / January, 2007 RAIN shift during neurosurgery can significantly
Chaudhary, Vipin
brain shift was predicted for two additional head orientations. Two patient-specific FE models were. Substantial intraoperative brain shift has been well documented in recent literature. Cortical displacement have reported that a very extensive range of brain surface shift (050 mm) can occur throughout surgery
Photonic Generation of Millimeter-Wave Signals With Tunable Phase Shift
Yao, Jianping
Photonic Generation of Millimeter-Wave Signals With Tunable Phase Shift Volume 4, Number 3, June.2199481 1943-0655/$31.00 ©2012 IEEE #12;Photonic Generation of Millimeter-Wave Signals With Tunable Phase Shift approach to generating a frequency-quadrupled millimeter-wave (mm-wave) signal with a tunable phase shift
Automated Brain Shift Correction Using A Pre-computed Deformation Atlas
Frey, Pascal
Automated Brain Shift Correction Using A Pre-computed Deformation Atlas Prashanth Dumpuria Dr. Reid, USA ABSTRACT Compensating for intraoperative brain shift using computational models has shown preoperatively and are combined with the help of a statistical model to predict the intraoperative brain shift
Shifts in ENSO coupling processes under global warming Sjoukje Philip1
Haak, Hein
state of the Pacific Ocean between the current climate and a high CO2 climate. Next, shifts in ENSO warming may shift the properties and dynamics of El Nin~o. We study the shifts in ENSO couplings in IPCC couplings between sea surface temperature (SST), thermocline depth and wind stress are discussed. Although
Van Driel, Henry M.
Ultrafast shift and injection currents observed in wurtzite semiconductors via emitted terahertz; published online 18 November 2005 Shift and injection currents are generated in the wurtzite semiconductors in the wurtzite structure. The largest shift currents are generated along the optical axis for light polarized
Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technology Logic Diagram. Indexes
Not Available
1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Decontamination and Decommissioning (D&D) Index provides a comprehensive list of site problems, problem area/constituents, remedial technologies, and regulatory terms discussed in the D&D sections of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technology Logic Diagram. All entries provide specific page numbers, or cross-reference entries that provide specific page numbers, in the D&D volumes (Vol. 1, Pt. A; Vol. 2, Pt. A; and appropriate parts of Vol. 3). The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technology (TLD) was developed to provide a decision-support tool that relates environmental restoration (ER) and waste management (WM) problems at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD identifies the research, development, demonstration, testing, and evaluation needed to develop these technologies to a state that allows technology transfer and application to decontamination and decommissioning (D&D), remedial action (RA) and WM activities. It is essential that follow-on engineering studies be conducted to build on the output of this project. These studies will begin by selecting the most promising technologies identified in the TLD and finding an optimum mix of technologies that will provide a socially acceptable balance between cost and risk.
Monitoring nuclear reactor systems using neural networks and fuzzy logic
Ikonomopoulos, A.; Tsoukalas, L.H.; Uhrig, R.E. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States); Mullens, J.A. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)]|[Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)
1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
A new approach is presented that demonstrates the potential of trained artificial neural networks (ANNs) as generators of membership functions for the purpose of monitoring nuclear reactor systems. ANN`s provide a complex-to-simple mapping of reactor parameters in a process analogous to that of measurement. Through such ``virtual measurements`` the value of parameters with operational significance, e.g., control-valve-disk-position, valve-line-up or performance can be determined. In the methodology presented the output of a virtual measuring device is a set of membership functions which independently represent different states of the system. Utilizing a fuzzy logic representation offers the advantage of describing the state of the system in a condensed form, developed through linguistic descriptions and convenient for application in monitoring, diagnostics and generally control algorithms. The developed methodology is applied to the problem of measuring the disk position of the secondary flow control valve of an experimental reactor using data obtained during a start-up. The enhanced noise tolerance of the methodology is clearly demonstrated as well as a method for selecting the actual output. The results suggest that it is possible to construct virtual measuring devices through artificial neural networks mapping dynamic time series to a set of membership functions and thus enhance the capability of monitoring systems. 8 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.
About the logic of the prime number distribution
Harry K. Hahn
2008-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
There are two basic number sequences which play a major role in the prime number distribution. The first Number Sequence SQ1 contains all prime numbers of the form 6n+5 and the second Number Sequence SQ2 contains all prime numbers of the form 6n+1. All existing prime numbers seem to be contained in these two number sequences, except of the prime numbers 2 and 3. Riemanns Zeta Function also seems to indicate, that there is a logical connection between the mentioned number sequences and the distribution of prime numbers. This connection is indicated by lines in the diagram of the Zeta Function, which are formed by the points s where the Zeta Function is real. Another key role in the distribution of the prime numbers plays the number 5 and its periodic occurrence in the two number sequences SQ1 and SQ2. All non-prime numbers in SQ1 and SQ2 are caused by recurrences of these two number sequences with increasing wave-lengths in themselves, in a similar fashion as Overtones (harmonics) or Undertones derive from a fundamental frequency. On the contrary prime numbers represent spots in these two basic Number Sequences SQ1 and SQ2 where there is no interference caused by these recurring number sequences. The distribution of the non-prime numbers and prime numbers can be described in a graphical way with a -Wave Model- (or Interference Model) -- see Table 2.
Improving ac motor efficiency with fuzzy logic energy optimizer
Spiegel, R.J.; Chappell, P.J.; Cleland, J.G.
1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
The paper discusses EPA's research program to develop fuzzy-logic-based energy optimizers for alternating-current (AC) induction motors driven by Adjustable Speed Drives (ASDs). The technical goals of the program are to increase the efficiency of ASD/motor combinations (especially when operating at off-rated torque/speed conditions), develop a generic controller for energy optimization that can be applied to a wide range of motors and ASDs regardless of size and application, and develop a controller for energy optimization that can eliminate the requirement for tachometer or encoder feedback, and still maintain the stability and response of closed-loop control. Electric motors use over 60% of the electrical power generated in the U.S. The U.S. population of approximately 1 billion motors use over 1700 billion kWh per year. Over 140 million new motors are sold each year. A review of the U.S. motor population reveals that 90% of the motors are less than 1 hp (fractional motors) in size, but use less than 10% of the electricity consumed by motors. More that 80% of the electricity used by motors is consumed by less than 1% of the motor population (motors greater than 20 hp). Thus, it is clear that large energy savings from improvement in motor efficiency could be achieved from a relatively small motor population.
Dunkl shift operators and Bannai-Ito polynomials
Tsujimoto, Satoshi; Zhedanov, Alexei
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the most general Dunkl shift operator $L$ with the following properties: (i) $L$ is of first order in the shift operator and involves reflections; (ii) $L$ preserves the space of polynomials of a given degree; (iii) $L$ is potentially self-adjoint. We show that under these conditions, the operator $L$ has eigenfunctions which coincide with the Bannai-Ito polynomials. We construct a polynomial basis which is lower-triangular and two-diagonal with respect to the action of the operator $L$. This allows to express the BI polynomials explicitly. We also present an anti-commutator AW(3) algebra corresponding to this operator. From the representations of this algebra, we derive the structure and recurrence relations of the BI polynomials. We introduce new orthogonal polynomials - referred to as the complementary BI polynomials - as an alternative $q \\to -1$ limit of the Askey-Wilson polynomials. These complementary BI polynomials lead to a new explicit expression for the BI polynomials in terms of the or...
Computational Assignment of Chemical Shifts for Protein Residues
Bratholm, Lars A
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Fast and accurate protein structure prediction is one of the major challenges in structural biology, biotechnology and molecular biomedicine. These fields require 3D protein structures for rational design of proteins with improved or novel properties. X-ray crystallography is the most common approach even with its low success rate, but lately NMR based approaches have gained popularity. The general approach involves a set of distance restraints used to guide a structure prediction, but simple NMR triple-resonance experiments often provide enough structural information to predict the structure of small proteins. Previous protein folding simulations that have utilised experimental data have weighted the experimental data and physical force field terms more or less arbitrarily, and the method is thus not generally applicable to new proteins. Furthermore a complete and near error-free assignment of chemical shifts obtained by the NMR experiments is needed, due to the static, or deterministic, assignment. In this ...
Dielectric waveguide gas-filled stark shift modulator
Hutchinson, Donald P.; Richards, Roger K.
2003-07-22T23:59:59.000Z
An optical modulator includes a dielectric waveguide for receiving an optical beam and coupling energy of the optical beam into the waveguide. At least one Stark material is provided in the waveguide. A bias circuit generates a bias signal to produce an electrical field across the Stark material to shift at least one of the Stark absorption frequencies towards the frequency of the optical beam. A circuit for producing a time varying electric field across the Stark material modulates the optical beam. At least a portion of the bias field can be generated by an alternating bias signal, such as a square wave. A method of modulating optical signals includes the steps of providing a dielectric waveguide for receiving an optical beam and coupling energy of the optical beam into the waveguide, the waveguide having at least one Stark material disposed therein, and varying an electric field imposed across the Stark material.
Shifted-elementary-mode representation for partially coherent vectorial fields
Tervo, Jani; Vahimaa, Pasi; Wyrowski, Frank
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A representation of partially spatially coherent and partially polarized stationary electromagnetic fields is given in terms of mutually uncorrelated, transversely shifted, fully coherent and polarized elementary electric-field modes. This representation allows one to propagate non-paraxial partially coherent vector fields using techniques for spatially fully coherent fields, which are numerically far more efficient than methods for propagating correlation functions. A procedure is given to determine the elementary modes from the radiant intensity and the far-zone polarization properties of the entire field. The method is applied to quasihomogeneous fields with rotationally symmetric cosine-modulated radiant intensity distributions. This is an adequate model for fields emitted by, e.g., many light-emitting diodes.
Security of Power Packet Dispatching Using Differential Chaos Shift Keying
Yanzi Zhou; Ryo Takahashi; Takashi Hikihara
2015-02-19T23:59:59.000Z
This paper investigates and confirms one advantageous function of a power packet dispatching system, which has been proposed by authors' group with being apart from the conventional power distribution system. Here is focused on the function to establish the security of power packet dispatching for prohibiting not only information but also power of power packet from being stolen by attackers. For the purpose of protecting power packets, we introduce a simple encryption of power packets before sending them. Encryption scheme based on chaotic signal is one possibility for this purpose. This paper adopts the Differential Chaos Shift Keying (DCSK) scheme for the encryption, those are partial power packet encryption and whole power packet encryption.
Observational evidence for travelling wave modes bearing distance proportional shifts
Guruprasad, V
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Discrepancies of range between the Space Surveillance Network radars and the Deep Space Network in tracking the 1998 earth flyby of NEAR, and between ESA's Doppler and range data in Rosetta's 2009 flyby, reveal a consistent excess delay, or lag, equal to instantaneous one-way travel time in the telemetry signals. These lags readily explain all details of the flyby anomaly, and are shown to be symptoms of chirp d'Alembertian travelling wave solutions, relating to traditional sinusoidal waves by a rotation of the spectral decomposition due to the clock acceleration caused by the Doppler rates during the flybys. The lags thus relate to special relativity, but yield distance proportional shifts like those of cosmology at short range.
Observational evidence for travelling wave modes bearing distance proportional shifts
V. Guruprasad
2015-07-18T23:59:59.000Z
Discrepancies of range between the Space Surveillance Network radars and the Deep Space Network in tracking the 1998 earth flyby of NEAR, and between ESA's Doppler and range data in Rosetta's 2009 flyby, reveal a consistent excess delay, or lag, equal to instantaneous one-way travel time in the telemetry signals. These lags readily explain all details of the flyby anomaly, and are shown to be symptoms of chirp d'Alembertian travelling wave solutions, relating to traditional sinusoidal waves by a rotation of the spectral decomposition due to the clock acceleration caused by the Doppler rates during the flybys. The lags thus relate to special relativity, but yield distance proportional shifts like those of cosmology at short range.
Cappers, Peter; Goldman, Charles
2009-08-03T23:59:59.000Z
Achieving significant reductions in retail electric sales is becoming a priority for policymakers in many states and is echoed at the federal level with the introduction of legislation to establish a national energy efficiency resource standard. Yet, as the National Action Plan on Energy Efficiency (NAPEE) pointed out, many utilities continue to shy away from seriously expanding their energy efficiency program offerings because they claim there is insufficient profit motivation, or even a financial disincentive, when compared to supply-side investments. In response to an information request from the Kansas Corporation Commission staff, we conducted a financial analysis to assess the utility business case in Kansas for pursuing more aggressive energy efficiency that complies with recent state legislation. Kansas' utilities are vertically integrated and don't face retail competition. With historically low retail rates and modest experience with energy efficiency, the achievement of rapid and substantial sales reductions from energy efficiency will require a viable utility business model. Using a conglomerate of the three largest utilities in Kansas, we quantitatively illustrate the tradeoff between ratepayer and shareholder interests when a 1percent reduction in incremental sales is achieved through energy efficiency both with and without the impact of future carbon regulation. We then assess if the utility can be compensated in a manner that produces a sufficient business case but leaves an adequate amount of net resource benefits for ratepayers at a cost that is not overly burdensome. Finally, we show how several common shareholder incentive mechanisms would be designed to achieve this balance.
The Spectral shift function and the Witten index
Alan Carey; Fritz Gesztesy; Galina Levitina; Fedor Sukochev
2015-05-19T23:59:59.000Z
We survey the notion of the spectral shift function of a pair of self-adjoint operators and recent progress on its connection with the Witten index. We also describe a proof of Krein's Trace Theorem that does not use complex analysis [53] and develop its extension to general $\\sigma$-finite von Neumann algebras $\\mathcal{M}$ of type II and unbounded perturbations from the predual of $\\mathcal{M}$. We also discuss the connection between the theory of the spectral shift function and index theory for certain model operators. We start by introducing various definitions of the Witten index, (an extension of the notion of Fredholm index to non-Fredholm operators). Then we study the model operator $D_{A^{}} = (d/dt) + A$ in $L^2(\\mathbb{R};\\mathcal{H})$ associated with the operator path $\\{A(t)\\}_{t=-\\infty}^{\\infty}$, where $(A f)(t) = A(t) f(t)$ for a.e. $t\\in\\mathbb{R}$, and appropriate $f \\in L^2(\\mathbb{R};\\mathcal{H})$. The setup permits the operator family $A(t)$ on $\\mathcal{H}$ to be an unbounded relatively trace class perturbation of the unbounded self-adjoint operator $A_-$, and no discrete spectrum assumptions are made on the asymptotes $A_{\\pm}$. When $A_{\\pm}$ are boundedly invertible, it is shown that $D_{A^{}}$ is Fredholm and its index can be computed as $\\xi(0; A_+, A_-)$. When $0\\in\\sigma(A_+)$ (or $0\\in\\sigma(A_-)$), the operator $D_{A^{}}$ ceases to be Fredholm. However, if $0$ is a right and a left Lebesgue point of $\\xi(\\,\\cdot\\,\\, ; A_+, A_-)$, the resolvent regularized Witten index $W_r(D_{A^{}})$ is given by $W_r(D_{A^{}}) = \\xi(0_+; |D_{A^{*}}|^2, |D_{A^{}}|^2) = [\\xi(0_+; A_+,A_-) + \\xi(0_-; A_+, A_-)]/2$. We also study a special example, when the perturbation of the unbounded self-adjoint operator $A_-$ is not assumed to be relatively trace class.