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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

State energy price and expenditure report 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The State Energy Price and Expenditure Report (SEPER) presents energy price and expenditure estimates individually for the 50 States and the District of Columbia and in aggregate for the United States. The price and expenditure estimates are provided by energy source and economic sector and are published for the years 1970, 1980, and 1985 through 1992. Data for all years, 1970 through 1992, are available on personal computer diskettes.

Not Available

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

State energy price and expenditure report 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The State Energy Price and Expenditure Report (SEPER) presents energy price and expenditure estimates individually for the 50 States and the District of Columbia and in aggregate for the United States. The price and expenditure estimates are provided by energy source and economic sector and are published for the years 1970, 1975, 1980, and 1985 through 1991. Data for all years, 1970 through 1991, are available on personal computer diskettes. Documentation in Appendix A describes how the price estimates are developed, including sources of data, methods of estimation, and conversion factors applied. This report is an update of the State Energy Price and Expenditure Report 1990, published in September 1992.

Not Available

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

State energy price and expenditure report 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The State Energy Price and Expenditure Report (SEPER) presents energy price and expenditure estimates individually for the 50 States and the District of Columbia and in aggregate for the United States. The price and expenditure estimates developed in the State Energy Price and Expenditure Data System (SEPEDS) are provided by energy source and economic sector and are published for the years 1970 through 1994. Consumption estimates used to calculate expenditures and the documentation for those estimates are taken from the State Energy Data Report 1994, Consumption Estimates (SEDR), published in October 1996. Expenditures are calculated by multiplying the price estimates by the consumption estimates, which are adjusted to remove process fuel; intermediate petroleum products; and other consumption that has no direct fuel costs, i.e., hydroelectric, geothermal, wind, solar, and photovoltaic energy sources. Documentation is included describing the development of price estimates, data sources, and calculation methods. 316 tabs.

NONE

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

State energy price and expenditure report 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The State Energy Price and Expenditure Report (SEPER) presents energy price and expenditure estimates individually for the 50 states and the District of Columbia and in aggregate for the US. The five economic sectors used in SEPER correspond to those used in SEDR and are residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, and electric utility. Documentation in appendices describe how the price estimates are developed, provide conversion factors for measures used in the energy analysis, and include a glossary. 65 tabs.

NONE

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

State energy price and expenditure report, 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The State Energy Price and Expenditure Report (SEPER) presents energy price and expenditure estimates individually for the 50 States and the District of Columbia and in aggregate for the US. The estimates developed in the State Energy Price and Expenditure Data System (SEPEDS) are provided by energy source and economic sector and are published for the years 1970 through 1995. Data for all years are available on a CD-ROM and via Internet. Consumption estimates used to calculate expenditures and the documentation for those estimates are taken from the State Energy Data Report 1995, Consumption Estimates (SEDR), published in December 1997. Expenditures are calculated by multiplying the price estimates by the consumption estimates, which are adjusted to remove process fuel; intermediate petroleum products; and other consumption that has no direct fuel costs, i.e., hydroelectric, geothermal, wind, solar, and photovoltaic energy sources.

NONE

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

BODY COMPOSITION -ENERGY EXPENDITURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BODY COMPOSITION - ENERGY EXPENDITURE Validation of dual, X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for body for BW, BMC and FC were significantly correlated with scale BW (r== 0.999), chemical calcium (r=0.992) and chemical fat (r= 0.971).Regression analy- sis showed that BW was accurately mea- sured, but FC

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

7

Energy Expenditures | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Expenditures Expenditures Dataset Summary Description The State Energy Data System (SEDS) is compiled by the U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA); it is a comprehensive database of energy statistics by state (and includes totals for the entire US). SEDS includes estimates of energy production, consumption, prices, and expenditures broken down by energy source and sector. Annual estimates are available from 1960 - 2009 for production and consumption estimates and from 1970 - 2009 for price and expenditure estimates. Source EIA Date Released June 30th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords EIA Energy Consumption Energy Expenditures energy prices energy production SEDS State energy data States US Data text/csv icon Complete SEDS dataset as csv (may be too big for Excel) (csv, 40.6 MiB)

8

Energy Expenditure Estimation DEMO Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of accelerometry. An average smart phone contains an inertial sensor and today we hardly leave our home without itEnergy Expenditure Estimation DEMO Application Bozidara Cvetkovi´c1,2 , Simon Kozina1,2 , Bostjan://www.mps.si Abstract. The paper presents two prototypes for the estimation of hu- man energy expenditure during normal

Lu?trek, Mitja

9

OpenEI - Energy Expenditures  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

State Energy Data State Energy Data System (SEDS) Complete Dataset through 2009 http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/883 The State Energy Data System (SEDS) is compiled by the U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA); it is a comprehensive database of energy statistics by state (and includes totals for the entire US). SEDS includes estimates of energy production, consumption, prices, and expenditures broken down by energy source and sector. Annual estimates are available from 1960 - 2009 for production and consumption estimates and from 1970 - 2009 for price and expenditure estimates.

License
Type of

10

State energy price and expenditure report 1989  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The State Energy Price and Expenditure Report (SEPER) presents energy price and expenditure estimates for the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the United States. The estimates are provided by energy source (e.g., petroleum, natural gas, coal, and electricity) and by major consuming or economic sector. This report is an update of the State Energy Price and Expenditure Report 1988 published in September 1990. Changes from the last report are summarized in a section of the documentation. Energy price and expenditure estimates are published for the years 1970, 1975, 1980, and 1985 through 1989. Documentation follows the tables and describes how the price estimates are developed, including sources of data, methods of estimation, and conversion factors applied. Consumption estimates used to calculate expenditures, and the documentation for those estimates, are from the State Energy Data Report, Consumption Estimates, 1960--1989 (SEDR), published in May 1991. Expenditures are calculated by multiplying the price estimates by the consumption estimates, adjusted to remove process fuel and intermediate product consumption. All expenditures are consumer expenditures, that is, they represent estimates of money directly spent by consumers to purchase energy, generally including taxes. 11 figs., 43 tabs.

Not Available

1991-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

11

Household energy consumption and expenditures 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presents information about household end-use consumption of energy and expenditures for that energy. These data were collected in the 1993 Residential Energy Consumption Survey; more than 7,000 households were surveyed for information on their housing units, energy consumption and expenditures, stock of energy-consuming appliances, and energy-related behavior. The information represents all households nationwide (97 million). Key findings: National residential energy consumption was 10.0 quadrillion Btu in 1993, a 9% increase over 1990. Weather has a significant effect on energy consumption. Consumption of electricity for appliances is increasing. Houses that use electricity for space heating have lower overall energy expenditures than households that heat with other fuels. RECS collected data for the 4 most populous states: CA, FL, NY, TX.

NONE

1995-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

12

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook - Household Expenditures Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Household Expenditures Module Household Expenditures Module Assumption to the Annual Energy Outlook Household Expenditures Module Figure 5. United States Census Divisions. Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. The Household Expenditures Module (HEM) constructs household energy expenditure profiles using historical survey data on household income, population and demographic characteristics, and consumption and expenditures for fuels for various end-uses. These data are combined with NEMS forecasts of household disposable income, fuel consumption, and fuel expenditures by end-use and household type. The HEM disaggregation algorithm uses these combined results to forecast household fuel consumption and expenditures by income quintile and Census Division (see

13

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2001 - Household Expenditures  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Completed Copy in PDF Format Completed Copy in PDF Format Related Links Annual Energy Outlook2001 Supplemental Data to the AEO2001 NEMS Conference To Forecasting Home Page EIA Homepage Household Expenditures Module Key Assumptions The historical input data used to develop the HEM version for the AEO2001 consists of recent household survey responses, aggregated to the desired level of detail. Two surveys performed by the Energy Information Administration are included in the AEO2001 HEM database, and together these input data are used to develop a set of baseline household consumption profiles for the direct fuel expenditure analysis. These surveys are the 1997 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) and the 1991 Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey (RTECS). HEM uses the consumption forecast by NEMS for the residential and

14

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2000 - Household Expenditures  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Key Assumptions Key Assumptions The historical input data used to develop the HEM version for the AEO2000 consists of recent household survey responses, aggregated to the desired level of detail. Two surveys performed by the Energy Information Administration are included in the AEO2000 HEM database, and together these input data are used to develop a set of baseline household consumption profiles for the direct fuel expenditure analysis. These surveys are the 1997 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) and the 1991 Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey (RTECS). HEM uses the consumption forecast by NEMS for the residential and transportation sectors as inputs to the disaggregation algorithm that results in the direct fuel expenditure analysis. Household end-use and personal transportation service consumption are obtained by HEM from the NEMS Residential and Transportation Demand Modules. Household disposable income is adjusted with forecasts of total disposable income from the NEMS Macroeconomic Activity Module.

15

Towards Human Energy Expenditure Estimation Using Smart Phone Inertial Sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to reliably estimate energy expenditure (EE). Direct calorimetry [5] measures the heat produced by human bodyTowards Human Energy Expenditure Estimation Using Smart Phone Inertial Sensors Bozidara Cvetkovi´c1 human energy expenditure during sport and normal daily ac- tivities. The paper presents technical

Lu?trek, Mitja

16

Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditures 1992...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1992 Consumption and Expenditures 1992 Consumption & Expenditures Overview Full Report Tables National estimates of electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, and district heat...

17

The Energy Expenditure of Rats Bearing Walker Carcinoma 256  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the law of conservation of energy holds true for the animal body...010 0.010 0.100 731 The Energy Expenditure of Rats Bearing...product which is difficult to mix. Samples to be burned were...nitro.. Mmir@iiet al. "Energy Expenditure of Tumorous Rats...

G. B. Mider; L. D. Fenninger; F. L. Haven; and J. J. Morton

1951-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

4 4 2005 Average Household Expenditures as Percent of Annual Income, by Census Region ($2010) Item Energy (1) Shelter (2) Food Telephone, water and other public services Household supplies, furnishings and equipment (3) Transportation (4) Healthcare Education Personal taxes (5) Average Annual Expenditures Average Annual Income Note(s): Source(s): 1) Average household energy expenditures are calculated from the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), while average expenditures for other categories are calculated from the Consumer Expenditure Survey (CE). RECS assumed total US households to be 111,090,617 in 2005, while the CE data is based on 117,356,000 "consumer units," which the Bureau of Labor Statistics defines to be financially independent persons or groups of people that use their incomes to make joint expenditure decisions, including all members of a

19

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

3 3 2005 Average Household Expenditures, by Census Region ($2010) Item Energy (1) Shelter (2) Food Telephone, water and other public services Household supplies, furnishings and equipment (3) Transportation (4) Healthcare Education Personal taxes (5) Other expenditures Average Annual Income Note(s): Source(s): 1) Average household energy expenditures are calculated from the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), while average expenditures for other categories are calculated from the Consumer Expenditure Survey (CE). RECS assumed total US households to be 111,090,617 in 2005, while the CE data is based on 117,356,000 "consumer units," which the Bureau of Labor Statistics defines to be financially independent persons or groups of people that use their incomes to make joint expenditure decisions, including all members of a

20

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures March 2012 3.3.3 Commercial Buildings Aggregate Energy Expenditures, by Year and Major Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Electricity Natural Gas Petroleum (2) Total 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 148.6 37.0 17.0 202.6 148.9 37.2 17.1 203.2 145.9 36.2 16.7 198.9 147.5 36.8 16.9 201.2 143.8 35.1 16.4 195.2 145.0 35.5 16.6 197.0 141.1 34.0 16.0 191.1 142.5 34.6 16.2 193.3 136.9 32.1 15.7 184.8 139.1 33.0 15.9 188.0 133.5 31.0 15.4 179.9 135.0 31.6 15.6 182.2 131.0 29.7 15.1 175.8 131.9 30.3 15.3 177.5 128.1 28.7 14.5 171.3 130.0 29.3 15.0 174.4 129.4 29.7 15.4 174.5 127.7 29.2 13.8 170.7 134.8 29.9 14.5 179.2 134.5 28.5 16.9 180.0 141.1

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Residential Energy Expenditures for Water Heating (2005) | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Expenditures for Water Heating (2005) Expenditures for Water Heating (2005) Dataset Summary Description Provides total and average household expenditures on energy for water heating in the United States in 2005. The data was collected as part of the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS). RECS is a national survey that collects residential energy-related data. The survey collected data from 4,381 households in housing units statistically selected to represent the 111.1 million housing units in the United States. Data were obtained from residential energy suppliers for each unit in the sample to produce the data. Source EIA Date Released September 01st, 2008 (6 years ago) Date Updated January 01st, 2009 (6 years ago) Keywords Energy Expenditures Residential Water Heating Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon 2005_Total.Expenditures.for_.Water_.Heating_EIA.Sep_.2008.xls (xls, 70.1 KiB)

22

E-Print Network 3.0 - alterarions energy expenditure Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

causes greater energy expenditure... but also weighted to match the mass of the walking boots. We estimated metabolic energy expenditure, joint... fixation with walking boots...

23

E-Print Network 3.0 - activity energy expenditure Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

causes greater energy expenditure... but also weighted to match the mass of the walking boots. We estimated metabolic energy expenditure, joint... fixation with walking boots...

24

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

3 3 Residential Aggregate Energy Expenditures, by Year and Major Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Electricity Total 1980 158.5 1981 164.0 1982 172.3 1983 176.1 1984 178.5 1985 176.8 1986 169.2 1987 167.1 1988 170.1 1989 172.8 1990 168.2 1991 169.9 1992 166.7 1993 175.6 1994 174.9 1995 172.7 1996 181.8 1997 180.0 1998 173.5 1999 174.0 2000 192.8 2001 203.3 2002 192.1 2003 208.8 2004 215.1 2005 236.7 2006 240.0 2007 246.1 2008 259.6 2009 241.6 2010 251.8 2011 251.3 2012 247.1 2013 240.3 2014 239.4 2015 241.7 2016 241.8 2017 243.0 2018 244.7 2019 246.4 2020 247.9 2021 250.4 2022 253.3 2023 255.6 2024 257.8 2025 260.3 2026 263.2 2027 266.0 2028 267.6 2029 268.1 2030 269.7 2031 272.9 2032 276.6 2033 280.4 2034 284.6 2035 288.6 Note(s): Source(s): 1) Residential petroleum products include distillate fuel oil, LPG, and kerosene. EIA, State Energy Data 2009: Prices and Expenditures, Jun. 2011, Table 2 for 1980-2009; EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Early Release, Jan. 2012, Table

25

Teichert Aggregates | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Teichert Aggregates Teichert Aggregates Jump to: navigation, search Name Teichert Aggregates Facility Teichert Aggregates Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Teichert Aggregates Developer Foundation Windpower Energy Purchaser Teichert Aggregates Location South of Tracy CA Coordinates 37.616169°, -121.356236° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.616169,"lon":-121.356236,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

26

Table 7.9 Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources, 2002  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources, 2002;" 9 Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: Million U.S. Dollars." " "," "," ",," "," "," "," "," "," "," "," ",," " " "," ",,,,,,,,,,"RSE" "NAICS"," "," ",,"Residual","Distillate","Natural ","LPG and",,"Coke"," ","Row" "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Total","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coal","and Breeze","Other(e)","Factors"

27

Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditures 1992 - Executive  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

& Expenditures > Executive Summary & Expenditures > Executive Summary 1992 Consumption & Expenditures Executive Summary Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditures 1992 presents statistics about the amount of energy consumed in commercial buildings and the corresponding expenditures for that energy. These data are based on the 1992 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), a national energy survey of buildings in the commercial sector, conducted by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the U.S. Department of Energy. Figure ES1. Energy Consumption is Commercial Buidings by Energy Source, 1992 Energy Consumption: In 1992, the 4.8 million commercial buildings in the United States consumed 5.5 quadrillion Btu of electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, and district heat. Of those 5.5 quadrillion Btu, consumption of site electricity accounted for 2.6 quadrillion Btu, or 48.0 percent, and consumption of natural gas accounted for 2.2 quadrillion Btu, or 39.6 percent. Fuel oil consumption made up 0.3 quadrillion Btu, or 4.0 percent of the total, while consumption of district heat made up 0.4 quadrillion Btu, or 7.9 percent of energy consumption in that sector. When the energy losses that occur at the electricity generating plants are included, the overall energy consumed by commercial buildings increases to about 10.8 quadrillion Btu (Figure ES1).

28

Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditures 1992 - Publication  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

and Expenditures > Publication and Tables and Expenditures > Publication and Tables 1992 Consumption & Expenditures Publication and Tables Figure ES1. Energy Consumption in Commercial Buildings by Energy Sources, 1992 Separater Bar To View and/or Print Reports (requires Adobe Acrobat Reader) - Download Adobe Acrobat Reader . If you experience any difficulties, visit our Technical Frequently Asked Questions. You have the option of downloading the entire report or selected sections of the report. Separater Bar Full Report - Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditures, 1992 (file size 1.07 MB) pages: 214 Selected Sections Main Text - requires Adobe Acrobat Reader (file size 193,634 bytes) pages: 28, includes the following: Contacts Contents Executive Summary Introduction Background

29

wf01 - Energy_Expenditures.xlsx  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6-07 6-07 07-08 08-09 09-10 10-11 11-12 12-13 13-14 % Change Natural Gas Northeast Consumption (mcf**) 73.6 74.2 79.6 74.7 79.7 65.6 75.2 77.5 3.1 Price ($/mcf) 14.74 15.18 15.83 13.31 12.66 12.23 11.75 13.38 13.8 Expenditures ($) 1,085 1,127 1,260 994 1,010 802 883 1,036 17.3 Midwest Consumption (mcf) 74.5 78.2 80.8 78.6 80.1 65.4 77.5 77.9 0.5 Price ($/mcf) 11.06 11.40 11.47 9.44 9.23 8.96 8.23 9.15 11.2 Expenditures ($) 824 892 927 742 740 586 638 713 11.8 South Consumption (mcf) 45.3 44.8 47.0 53.4 49.5 41.1 46.6 47.5 1.9 Price ($/mcf) 13.57 14.19 14.08 11.52 11.03 11.47 10.69 11.78 10.3 Expenditures ($) 615 635 661 615 546 472 498 560 12.4 West Consumption (mcf) 46.4 48.1 46.2 47.7 47.2 47.6 46.9 46.5 -0.8 Price ($/mcf) 11.20 11.31 10.86 9.91 9.67 9.38 9.15 9.90 8.1 Expenditures ($) 520 544 502 473 457 447 429

30

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

2 2 2005 Household Energy Expenditures, by Vintage ($2010) | Year | Prior to 1950 887 | 22% 1950 to 1969 771 | 22% 1970 to 1979 736 | 16% 1980 to 1989 741 | 16% 1990 to 1999 752 | 16% 2000 to 2005 777 | 9% | Average 780 | Total 100% Note(s): Source(s): 1.24 2,003 1) Energy expenditures per square foot were calculated using estimates of average heated floor space per household. According to the 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), the average heated floor space per household in the U.S. was 1,618 square feet. Average total floor space, which includes garages, attics and unfinished basements, equaled 2,309 square feet. EIA, 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Oct. 2008 for 2005 expenditures; and EIA, Annual Energy Review 2010, Oct. 2011, Appendix D, p. 353 for price inflators.

31

Sex differences in energy expenditure in nonhuman primates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1986 Time and energy budgets. In...141^166. New York: Alan R. Liss...175^200. New York and London...colobus as a low-energy strategist...pp. 11^33. New York: Cambridge University...and C. Ross Energy expenditure in...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.2 Building Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

4 4 FY 2007 Federal Buildings Energy Prices and Expenditures, by Fuel Type ($2010) Fuel Type Electricity (1) Natural Gas Fuel Oil Coal Purchased Steam LPG/Propane Other Average Total Note(s): Source(s): 17.05 6028.63 Prices and expenditures are for Goal-Subject buildings. 1) $0.0776/kWh. 2) Energy used in Goal-Subject buildings in FY 2007 accounted for 33.8% of the total Federal energy bill. DOE/FEMP, Annual Report to Congress on FEMP FY 2007, Jan. 2010, Table A-4, p. 93 for prices and expenditures, and Table A-9, p. 97 for total energy expenditures; EIA, Annual Energy Review 2010, Oct. 2011, Appendix D, p. 353 for price deflators. 24.30 318.35 17.06 43.87 16.19 36.64 9.37 1138.21 15.25 419.30 3.62 62.87 Average Fuel Prices Total Expenditures ($/million BTU) ($ million) (2) 23.68

33

Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.2 Building Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

3 3 Buildings Aggregate Energy Expenditures, by Year and Major Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Residential Buildings Commercial Buildings Total Building Electricity Natural Gas Petroleum (2) Total Electricity Natural Gas Petroleum (3) Total Expenditures 1980 89.1 40.5 28.9 158.5 70.9 20.5 17.2 108.6 267.2 1981 94.9 41.3 27.8 164.0 79.4 21.4 16.5 117.3 281.3 1982 99.9 47.9 24.5 172.3 83.4 25.1 13.7 122.2 294.5 1983 103.6 51.0 21.4 176.1 83.6 26.1 14.6 124.3 300.4 1984 103.3 51.6 23.6 178.5 87.6 25.9 14.7 128.2 306.7 1985 105.4 48.8 22.6 176.8 90.0 24.0 12.6 126.6 303.4 1986 106.9 44.2 18.1 169.2 90.5 20.7 9.1 120.2 289.4 1987 108.2 40.9 18.0 167.1 88.7 19.8 9.2 117.7 284.7 1988 110.3 41.8 18.0 170.1 89.9 20.4 8.2 118.5 288.7 1989 110.2 42.9 19.7 172.8 91.5 20.5 8.4 120.4 293.2 1990 110.9 39.0 18.2 168.2 92.9 19.4 9.2 121.5 289.7 1991 113.7 39.2 17.0 169.9 93.9 19.5 7.7 121.1 291.0

34

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

1 1 2005 Energy Expenditures per Household, by Housing Type and Square Footage ($2010) Per Household Single-Family 1.16 Detached 1.16 Attached 1.20 Multi-Family 1.66 2 to 4 units 1.90 5 or more units 1.53 Mobile Home 1.76 All Homes 1.12 Note(s): Source(s): 1) Energy expenditures per square foot were calculated using estimates of average heated floor space per household. According to the 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), the average heated floor space per household in the U.S. was 1,618 square feet. Average total floor space, which includes garages, attics and unfinished basements, equaled 2,309 square feet. EIA, 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Oct. 2008, Table US-1 part1; and EIA, Annual Energy Review 2010, Oct. 2011, Appendix D, p. 353 for

35

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

9 9 2003 Energy Expenditures per Square Foot of Commercial Floorspace and per Building, by Building Type ($2010) ($2010) Food Service 4.88 27.2 Mercantile 2.23 38.1 Food Sales 4.68 26.0 Education 1.43 36.6 Health Care 2.76 68.0 Service 1.39 9.1 Public Order and Safety 2.07 32.0 Warehouse and Storage 0.80 13.5 Office 2.01 29.8 Religious Worship 0.76 7.8 Public Assembly 1.73 24.6 Vacant 0.34 4.8 Lodging 1.72 61.5 Other 2.99 65.5 Note(s): Source(s): Mall buildings are no longer included in most CBECs tables; therefore, some data is not directly comparable to past CBECs. EIA, 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditures: Consumption and Expenditures Tables, Oct. 2006, Table 4; and EIA, Annual Energy Review 2010, Oct. 2011, Appendix D, p. 353 for price deflators. Per Square Foot Per Building

36

Modeling Energy Demand Aggregators for Residential Consumers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The current world-wide increase of energy demand cannot be matched by energy production and power grid updateModeling Energy Demand Aggregators for Residential Consumers G. Di Bella, L. Giarr`e, M. Ippolito, A. Jean-Marie, G. Neglia and I. Tinnirello § January 2, 2014 Abstract Energy demand aggregators

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

37

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

5 5 2005 Households and Energy Expenditures, by Income Level ($2010) Energy Expenditures by Household Income Households (millions) Household Less than $10,000 9.9 9% $10,000 to $14,999 8.5 8% $15,000 to $19,999 8.4 8% $20,000 to $29,999 15.1 14% $30,000 to $39,999 13.6 12% $40,000 to $49,999 11.0 10% $50,000 to $74,999 19.8 18% $75,000 to $99,999 10.6 10% $100,000 or more 14.2 13% Total 111.1 100% Note(s): Source(s): 7% 1) See Table 2.3.15 for more on energy burdens. 2) A household is defined as a family, an individual, or a group of up to nine unrelated individuals occupying the same housing unit. EIA, 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Oct. 2008, Table US-1 part 2; and EIA, Annual Energy Review 2010, Oct. 2011, Appendix D, p. 353 for price inflators. 2,431 847 3% 2,774 909 3% 1,995

38

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

9 9 Average Annual Energy Expenditures per Household, by Year ($2010) Year 1980 1,991 1981 1,981 1982 2,058 1983 2,082 1984 2,067 1985 2,012 1986 1,898 1987 1,846 1988 1,849 1989 1,848 1990 1,785 1991 1,784 1992 1,729 1993 1,797 1994 1,772 1995 1,727 1996 1,800 1997 1,761 1998 1,676 1999 1,659 2000 1,824 2001 1,900 2002 1,830 2003 1,978 2004 2,018 2005 2,175 2006 2,184 2007 2,230 2008 2,347 2009 2,173 2010 2,201 2011 2,185 2012 2,123 2013 2,056 2014 2,032 2015 2,030 2016 2,007 2017 1,992 2018 1,982 2019 1,973 2020 1,963 2021 1,961 2022 1,964 2023 1,962 2024 1,959 2025 1,957 2026 1,959 2027 1,960 2028 1,953 2029 1,938 2030 1,932 2031 1,937 2032 1,946 2033 1,956 2034 1,967 2035 1,978 Source(s): Average Expenditure EIA, State Energy Data 2009: Prices and Expenditures, Jun. 2011 for 1980-2009; EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Early Release, Jan. 2012, Table A2, p. 3-

39

Table 7.9 Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources, 2010;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources, 2010; 9 Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Million U.S. Dollars. NAICS Residual Distillate LPG and Coke Code(a) Subsector and Industry Total Electricity Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(b) Natural Gas(c) NGL(d) Coal and Breeze Other(e) Total United States 311 Food 10,111 5,328 130 431 3,391 150 442 29 210 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 2,130 932 2 12 673 Q 294 0 158 311221 Wet Corn Milling 1,002 352 1 5 296 1 239 0 107 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 367 105 7 18 87 1 118 29 2 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 1,408 698 17 Q 579 18 7 0 18 3115 Dairy Products 1,186 695 20 40 412 8 1 0 10 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing

40

Primate energy expenditure and life history Herman Pontzera,b,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Primate energy expenditure and life history Herman Pontzera,b,1 , David A. Raichlenc , Adam D life histories reflect low total energy expenditure (TEE) (kilocalo- ries per day) relative to other), or allocation within the energy budget could change over evolutionary time to fuel changes in life history

Pontzer, Herman

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

8 8 Average Annual Energy Expenditures per Square Foot of Commercial Floorspace, by Year ($2010) Year $/SF 1980 (1) 2.12 1981 2.22 (2) 1982 2.24 1983 2.21 1984 2.25 1985 2.20 1986 2.06 1987 2.00 1988 1.99 1989 2.01 1990 1.98 1991 1.92 1992 1.86 1993 1.96 1994 2.05 1995 2.12 1996 2.10 1997 2.08 1998 1.97 1999 1.88 2000 2.06 2001 2.20 2002 2.04 2003 2.13 2004 2.16 2005 2.30 2006 2.36 2007 2.35 2008 1.71 2009 2.43 2010 2.44 2011 2.44 2012 2.35 2013 2.28 2014 2.27 2015 2.29 2016 2.29 2017 2.28 2018 2.29 2019 2.29 2020 2.29 2021 2.31 2022 2.32 2023 2.32 2024 2.32 2025 2.32 2026 2.32 2027 2.33 2028 2.32 2029 2.31 2030 2.31 2031 2.32 2032 2.35 2033 2.37 2034 2.39 2035 2.42 Note(s): Source(s): EIA, State Energy Data Prices and Expenditures Database, June 2011 for 1980-2009; EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Early Release, Jan. 2012, Summary Reference Case Tables, Table A2, p. 3-5 and Table A5, p. 11-12 for consumption, Table A3, p. 6-8 for prices for 2008-2035; EIA, Annual Energy Review

42

"Table A28. Total Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Total Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region" Total Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region" " and Economic Characteristics of the Establishment, 1991" " (Estimates in Million Dollars)" " "," "," "," ",," "," "," "," "," ","RSE" " "," "," ","Residual","Distillate","Natural"," "," ","Coke"," ","Row" "Economic Characteristics(a)","Total","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Gas(c)","LPG","Coal","and Breeze","Other(d)","Factors"

43

National patterns of energy demand and expenditures by Hispanics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper is based on ongoing research, at Argonne National Laboratory, being done for the Office of Minority Economic Impact (MI) of the US Department of Energy. Under its legislative mandate MI is required to assess the impact of government policy, programs, and actions on US minorities. In line with this mission Argonne is currently involved in characterizing and analyzing the patterns of energy demand and expenditures of minorities. A major barrier associated with this task is the availability of sufficient data. With the possible exception of blacks, analysis of the patterns of energy demand for most minority population categories is all but impossible because of small sample sizes. The major source of residential energy consumption data, the Residential Energy Consumption Survey, only collects data on 5000 to 7000 households. For many minority population categories, this number of observations make any meaningful statistical analysis at least at the regional Census level practically impossible, with any further refinement of the analysis becoming even more difficult. In this paper our primary purpose is to describe the patterns of energy demand for Hispanics and nonhispanics but ancillary to that briefly present one possible solution to the data availability problem.

Poyer, D.A.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

8 8 2035 Residential Energy End-Use Expenditure Splits, by Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Natural Petroleum Gas Distil. LPG Kerosene Total Coal Electricity Total Percent Space Heating (2) 44.3 10.3 7.7 18.6 0.0 16.0 79.0 27.4% Space Cooling (3) 0.0 40.6 40.6 14.1% Water Heating 17.6 1.2 1.2 2.3 17.7 37.6 13.0% Lighting 15.5 15.5 5.4% Refrigeration (4) 17.0 17.0 5.9% Electronics (5) 14.2 14.2 4.9% Wet Cleaning (6) 0.9 10.4 11.3 3.9% Cooking 3.2 0.8 0.8 4.8 8.9 3.1% Computers 8.7 8.7 3.0% Other (7) 0.0 7.7 7.7 47.9 55.7 19.3% Total 66.0 11.5 17.5 29.6 0.0 193.0 288.6 100% Note(s): Source(s): 0.6 0.6 1) Expenditures include coal and exclude wood. 2) Includes furnace fans ($4.8 billion). 3) Fan energy use included. 4) Includes refrigerators ($14.1 billion) and freezers ($2.9 billion). 5) Includes color televisions ($14.2 billion). 6) Includes clothes washers ($0.8 billion), natural gas

45

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

5 5 2010 Residential Energy End-Use Expenditure Splits, by Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Natural Petroleum Gas Distil. LPG Kerosene Total Coal Electricity Total Percent Space Heating (2) 38.7 11.2 8.0 19.8 0.0 14.3 72.9 28.9% Space Cooling (3) 0.0 35.4 35.4 14.0% Water Heating (4) 14.3 2.1 2.0 4.0 14.2 32.6 12.9% Lighting 22.6 22.6 9.0% Refrigeration (5) 14.9 14.9 5.9% Electronics (6) 17.8 17.8 7.1% Cooking 2.4 0.8 0.8 6.0 9.2 3.7% Wet Cleaning (7) 0.6 10.7 11.3 4.5% Computers 5.6 5.6 2.2% Other (8) 0.0 4.4 4.4 6.7 11.1 4.4% Adjust to SEDS (9) 13.6 13.6 5.4% Total 56.1 13.3 15.2 29.0 0.0 166.8 251.8 100% Note(s): Source(s): 0.5 0.5 1) Expenditures include coal and exclude wood. 2) Includes furnace fans ($4.5 billion). 3) Fan energy use included. 4) Includes residential recreational water heating ($1.4 billion). 5) Includes refrigerators ($15.3 billion) and freezers ($4.4 billion). 6) Includes color televisions ($11.0

46

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

7 7 2025 Residential Energy End-Use Expenditure Splits, by Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Natural Petroleum Gas Distil. LPG Kerosene Total Coal Electricity Total Percent Space Heating (2) 39.7 11.5 7.8 19.9 0.0 15.0 74.5 28.6% Space Cooling (3) 0.0 36.2 36.2 13.9% Water Heating 16.0 1.4 1.3 2.7 17.1 35.9 13.8% Lighting 15.2 15.2 5.8% Refrigeration (4) 15.5 15.5 6.0% Electronics (5) 12.0 12.0 4.6% Wet Cleaning (6) 0.8 9.8 10.5 4.1% Cooking 2.7 0.8 0.8 4.3 7.8 3.0% Computers 7.7 7.7 2.9% Other (7) 0.0 6.4 6.4 38.7 45.0 17.3% Total 59.1 12.9 16.3 29.8 0.0 171.3 260.3 100% Note(s): Source(s): 0.6 0.6 1) Expenditures include coal and exclude wood. 2) Includes furnace fans ($4.7 billion). 3) Fan energy use included. 4) Includes refrigerators ($12.7 billion) and freezers ($2.8 billion). 5) Includes color televisions ($12 billion). 6) Includes clothes washers ($0.8 billion), natural gas

47

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

6 6 2015 Residential Energy End-Use Expenditure Splits, by Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Natural Petroleum Gas Distil. LPG Kerosene Total Coal Electricity Total Percent Space Heating (2) 35.0 13.0 8.1 21.6 0.0 14.0 70.6 29.2% Space Cooling (3) 0.0 33.8 33.8 14.0% Water Heating 13.5 1.9 1.5 3.4 15.8 32.7 13.5% Lighting 17.6 17.6 7.3% Refrigeration (4) 15.0 15.0 6.2% Electronics (5) 10.9 10.9 4.5% Wet Cleaning (6) 0.6 10.8 11.4 4.7% Cooking 2.2 0.9 0.9 3.8 6.8 2.8% Computers 6.3 6.3 2.6% Other (7) 0.0 5.2 5.2 31.3 36.5 15.1% Total 51.3 14.9 15.7 31.1 0.0 159.3 241.7 100% Note(s): Source(s): 0.6 0.6 1) Expenditures include coal and exclude wood. 2) Includes furnace fans ($4.6 billion). 3) Fan energy use included. 4) Includes refrigerators ($12.3 billion) and freezers ($2.8 billion). 5) Includes color televisions ($10.9 billion). 6) Includes clothes washers ($1.1 billion), natural gas

48

Surfacers change their dive tactics depending on the aim of the dive: evidence from simultaneous measurements of breaths and energy expenditure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...to clarify how green turtles manage their energy expenditure during...estimate internal energy expenditure, such...consumption rate of fed green turtles is approximately...Georges. 2011 Energy expenditure of freely swimming adult green turtles (Chelonia...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.2 Building Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

8 8 2035 Buildings Energy End-Use Expenditure Splits, by Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Natural Petroleum Gas Distil. Resid. LPG Oth(2) Total Coal Electricity Total Percent Space Heating (3) 63.4 13.0 1.6 7.7 0.8 23.1 0.2 20.6 107.2 20.9% Water Heating 23.8 2.2 1.2 3.4 35.8 63.0 12.3% Space Cooling 0.4 55.7 56.1 10.9% Lighting 47.8 47.8 9.3% Electronics (4) 27.2 27.2 5.3% Refrigeration (5) 27.0 27.0 5.3% Computers 14.8 14.8 2.9% Cooking 5.8 0.8 0.8 5.4 12.1 2.3% Wet Clean (6) 0.9 10.4 11.3 2.2% Ventilation (7) 2.4 2.4 0.5% Other (8) 9.3 0.4 12.6 2.0 15.0 88.8 113.2 22.0% Adjust to SEDS (9) 4.6 5.3 5.3 21.7 31.6 6.2% Total 108.2 21.0 1.6 22.3 2.8 47.6 0.2 357.8 513.8 100% Note(s): Source(s): 1) Expenditures include coal and exclude wood. 2) Includes kerosene space heating ($0.8 billion) and motor gasoline other uses ($2.0 billion). 3) Includes furnace fans ($4.8 billion). 4) Includes color televisions ($14.2 billion). 5) Includes refrigerators ($24.1 billion) and freezers ($3.0

50

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

5 5 2015 Commercial Energy End-Use Expenditure Splits, by Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Natural Petroleum Gas Distil. Resid. LPG Oth(2) Total Coal (3) Electricity Total Percent Lighting 28.4 28.4 16.3% Space Heating 14.6 2.9 1.3 0.1 4.3 0.1 4.7 23.7 13.6% Ventilation 15.1 15.1 8.6% Space Cooling 0.3 14.2 14.5 8.3% Refrigeration 9.9 9.9 5.7% Electronics 8.8 8.8 5.1% Water Heating 4.1 0.7 0.7 2.5 7.3 4.2% Computers 5.3 5.3 3.0% Cooking 1.7 0.6 2.3 1.3% Other (4) 2.9 0.3 3.7 1.4 5.4 22.8 31.1 17.8% Adjust to SEDS (5) 5.8 4.5 4.5 17.7 28.1 16.1% Total 29.3 8.4 1.3 3.7 1.5 14.9 0.1 130.0 174.5 100% Note(s): Source(s): 1) Expenditures include coal and exclude wood. 2) Includes kerosene space heating ($0.1 billion) and motor gasoline other uses ($1.4 billion). 3) Coal average price is from AEO 2012 Early Release, all users price. 4) Includes service station equipment, ATMs, medical equipment,

51

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

4 4 2010 Commercial Energy End-Use Expenditure Splits, by Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Natural Petroleum Gas Distil. Resid. LPG Oth(2) Total Coal (3) Electricity Total Percent Lighting 35.4 35.4 19.7% Space Heating 15.0 2.9 0.9 0.1 3.9 0.1 8.5 27.5 15.3% Space Cooling 0.4 25.0 25.3 14.1% Ventilation 15.9 15.9 8.9% Refrigeration 11.6 11.6 6.5% Water Heating 4.0 0.6 0.6 2.7 7.3 4.1% Electronics 7.8 7.8 4.3% Computers 6.3 6.3 3.5% Cooking 1.6 0.7 2.3 1.3% Other (4) 2.7 0.3 3.3 1.2 4.8 20.4 28.0 15.6% Adjust to SEDS (5) 6.2 5.2 5.2 0.6 12.0 6.7% Total 29.9 9.0 0.9 3.3 1.3 14.5 0.1 134.8 179.4 100% Note(s): Source(s): 1) Expenditures include coal and exclude wood. 2) Includes kerosene space heating ($0.1 billion) and motor gasoline other uses ($1.2 billion). 3) Coal average price is from AEO 2012 Early Release, all users price. 4) Includes service station equipment, ATMs, medical equipment,

52

Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.2 Building Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

5 5 2010 Buildings Energy End-Use Expenditure Splits, by Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Natural Petroleum Gas Distil. Resid. LPG Oth(2) Total Coal Electricity Total Percent Space Heating (3) 53.7 14.2 0.9 8.0 0.6 23.7 0.1 23.2 100.8 23.4% Space Cooling 0.4 61.3 61.7 14.3% Lighting 59.3 59.3 13.8% Water Heating 18.3 2.6 2.0 4.6 17.8 40.7 9.4% Refrigeration (4) 26.9 26.9 6.2% Electronics (5) 26.1 26.1 6.1% Ventilation (6) 15.9 15.9 3.7% Cooking 4.0 0.8 0.8 8.8 13.6 3.2% Computers 12.1 12.1 2.8% Wet Cleaning (7) 0.6 11.0 11.6 2.7% Other (8) 2.7 0.3 7.7 1.2 9.2 27.3 39.2 9.1% Adjust to SEDS (9) 6.2 5.2 5.2 11.9 23.4 5.4% Total 86.0 22.3 0.9 18.5 1.8 43.5 0.1 301.6 431.2 100% Note(s): Source(s): 1) Expenditures include coal and exclude wood. 2) Includes kerosene space heating ($0.6 billion) and motor gasoline other uses ($1.2 billion). 3) Includes furnace fans ($4.5 billion). 4) Includes refrigerators ($24.1 billion) and freezers ($2.8 billion). 5) Includes color televisions ($11.0

53

Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.2 Building Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

6 6 2015 Buildings Energy End-Use Expenditure Splits, by Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Natural Gas Distil. Resid. LPG Oth(2) Total Coal Total Percent Space Heating (3) 49.5 15.9 1.3 8.1 0.7 25.9 0.2 18.7 94.3 22.7% Space Cooling 0.3 48.0 48.3 11.6% Lighting 45.9 45.9 11.0% Water Heating 17.6 2.6 1.5 4.1 18.3 40.0 9.6% Refrigeration (4) 24.9 24.9 6.0% Electronics (5) 19.8 19.8 4.7% Ventilation (6) 15.1 15.1 3.6% Computers 11.6 11.6 2.8% Wet Cleaning (7) 0.6 10.8 11.4 2.7% Cooking 3.9 0.9 0.9 4.4 9.1 2.2% Other (8) 2.9 0.3 8.9 1.4 10.6 54.1 67.6 16.3% Adjust to SEDS (9) 5.8 4.5 4.5 17.7 28.1 6.7% Total 80.6 23.3 1.3 19.4 2.1 46.1 0.2 289.3 416.2 100% Note(s): Source(s): Petroleum Electricity 1) Expenditures include coal and exclude wood. 2) Includes kerosene space heating ($0.7 billion) and motor gasoline other uses ($1.4 billion). 3) Includes furnace fans ($4.6 billion). 4) Includes refrigerators ($22.6 billion) and freezers ($2.8 billion). 5) Includes color televisions ($10.9

54

Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.2 Building Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

7 7 2025 Buildings Energy End-Use Expenditure Splits, by Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Natural Petroleum Gas Distil. Resid. LPG Oth(2) Total Coal Electricity Total Percent Space Heating (3) 56.7 14.3 1.5 7.8 0.7 24.3 0.2 19.5 100.7 22.0% Space Cooling 0.3 50.5 50.9 11.1% Lighting 45.2 45.2 9.9% Water Heating 21.3 2.3 1.3 3.6 19.6 44.4 9.7% Refrigeration (4) 24.9 24.9 5.4% Electronics (5) 23.2 23.2 5.1% Computers 13.2 13.2 2.9% Wet Clean (6) 0.8 9.8 10.5 2.3% Cooking 4.8 0.8 0.8 4.9 10.5 2.3% Ventilation (7) 16.6 16.6 3.6% Other (8) 4.8 0.4 10.6 1.7 12.7 69.8 87.4 19.1% Adjust to SEDS (9) 5.9 4.9 4.9 19.2 30.0 6.6% Total 94.6 21.9 1.5 20.6 2.5 46.4 0.2 316.3 457.4 100% Note(s): Source(s): 1) Expenditures include coal and exclude wood. 2) Includes kerosene space heating ($0.7 billion) and motor gasoline other uses ($1.7 billion). 3) Includes furnace fans ($4.7 billion). 4) Includes refrigerators ($22.3 billion) and freezers ($2.6 billion). 5) Includes color televisions ($12.0

55

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

6 6 2025 Commercial Energy End-Use Expenditure Splits, by Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Natural Petroleum Gas Distil. Resid. LPG Oth(2) Total Coal (3) Electricity Total Percent Lighting 30.1 30.1 15.2% Space Heating 17.1 2.8 1.5 0.1 4.4 0.2 4.5 26.1 13.3% Electronics 11.2 11.2 5.7% Space Cooling 0.3 14.3 14.6 7.4% Water Heating 5.2 0.8 0.8 2.5 8.5 4.3% Computers 5.5 5.5 2.8% Refrigeration 9.4 9.4 4.8% Ventilation 16.6 16.6 8.4% Cooking 2.1 0.6 2.7 1.4% Other (4) 4.8 0.3 4.3 1.7 6.3 31.2 42.3 21.5% Adjust to SEDS (5) 5.9 4.9 4.9 19.2 30.0 15.2% Total 35.5 8.9 1.5 4.3 1.9 16.5 0.2 145.0 197.1 100% Note(s): Source(s): 1) Expenditures include coal and exclude wood. 2) Includes kerosene space heating ($0.1 billion) and motor gasoline other uses ($1.7 billion). 3) Coal average price is from AEO 2011 Early Release, all users price. 4) Includes service station equipment, ATMs, medical equipment,

56

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

7 7 2035 Commercial Energy End-Use Expenditure Splits, by Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Natural Petroleum Gas Distil. Resid. LPG Oth(2) Total Coal (3) Electricity Total Percent Lighting 32.3 32.3 14.4% Space Heating 19.0 2.7 1.6 0.2 4.5 0.2 4.6 28.2 12.5% Water Heating 6.3 1.0 1.0 18.1 25.4 11.3% Space Cooling 0.4 15.1 15.5 6.9% Electronics 13.0 13.0 5.8% Refrigeration 10.0 10.0 4.4% Computers 6.0 6.0 2.7% Cooking 2.6 0.6 3.2 1.4% Ventilation 2.4 2.4 1.1% Other (4) 9.3 0.4 4.9 2.0 7.2 40.9 57.5 25.5% Adjust to SEDS (5) 4.6 5.3 5.3 21.7 31.6 14.0% Total 42.2 9.4 1.6 4.9 2.2 18.0 0.2 164.8 225.1 100% Note(s): Source(s): 1) Expenditures include coal and exclude wood. 2) Includes kerosene space heating ($0.2 billion) and motor gasoline other uses ($2.0 billion). 3) Coal average price is from AEO 2012 Early Release, all users price. 4) Includes service station equipment, ATMs, medical equipment,

57

Distributed Audit Secure Data Aggregation for Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Data aggregation can reduce the communication overhead and energy expenditure of sensor nodes, as well as ... injection attacks. This paper proposes a distributed audit secure data aggregation protocol. The aggre...

Zhengdao Zhang; Zhiping Zhou

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

2 2 Residential Energy Prices, by Year and Fuel Type ($2010) LPG ($/gal) 1980 2.24 1981 2.51 1982 2.30 1983 2.14 1984 2.10 1985 1.96 1986 1.54 1987 1.42 1988 1.39 1989 1.48 1990 1.69 1991 1.56 1992 1.40 1993 1.33 1994 1.27 1995 1.22 1996 1.37 1997 1.34 1998 1.15 1999 1.16 2000 1.70 2001 1.59 2002 1.42 2003 1.67 2004 1.84 2005 2.36 2006 2.64 2007 2.81 2008 3.41 2009 2.52 2010 2.92 2011 3.62 2012 3.65 2013 3.43 2014 3.60 2015 3.74 2016 3.79 2017 3.86 2018 3.89 2019 3.92 2020 3.96 2021 3.99 2022 4.02 2023 4.07 2024 4.10 2025 4.15 2026 4.19 2027 4.23 2028 4.26 2029 4.30 2030 4.34 2031 4.35 2032 4.38 2033 4.43 2034 4.50 2035 4.55 Source(s): EIA, State Energy Data 2009: Prices and Expenditures, Jun. 2011, Table 2, p. 24-25 for 1980-2009; EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Early Release, Jan. 2012, Table A3, p. 6-8 for 2010-2035 and Table G1, p. 215 for fuels' heat content; and EIA, Annual Energy Review 2010, Oct. 2011, Appendix D, p. 353 for

59

Illinois Solar Energy Association - Renewable Energy Credit Aggregation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Illinois Solar Energy Association - Renewable Energy Credit Illinois Solar Energy Association - Renewable Energy Credit Aggregation Program Illinois Solar Energy Association - Renewable Energy Credit Aggregation Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate $105/MWh) Program Info Start Date 01/01/2010 State Illinois Program Type Performance-Based Incentive Rebate Amount $105/MWh '''''RECAP is not currently accepting applications. The most recent solicitation closed April 30th, 2013. Check the program web site for information regarding future solicitations. ''''' The Illinois Solar Energy Association offers the Renewable Energy Credit Aggregation Program (RECAP) to Illinois solar photovoltaic (PV) system

60

"Table A37. Total Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region,"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7. Total Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region," 7. Total Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region," " Census Division, and Economic Characteristics of the Establishment, 1994" " (Estimates in Million Dollars)" " "," "," "," ",," "," "," "," "," ","RSE" " "," "," ","Residual","Distillate","Natural"," "," ","Coke"," ","Row" "Economic Characteristics(a)","Total","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Gas(c)","LPG","Coal","and Breeze","Other(d)","Factors"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

"Table A36. Total Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region,"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6. Total Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region," 6. Total Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region," " Census Division, Industry Group, and Selected Industries, 1994" " (Estimates in Million Dollars)" ,,,,,,,,,,,"RSE" "SIC"," "," "," ","Residual","Distillate ","Natural"," "," ","Coke"," ","Row" "Code(a)","Industry Group and Industry","Total","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Gas(c)","LPG","Coal","and Breeze","Other(d)","Factors" ,,"Total United States"

62

Energy consumption and expenditure projections by population group on the basis on the annual energy outlook 2000 forecast.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The changes in the patterns of energy use and expenditures by population group are analyzed by using the 1993 and 1997 Residential Energy Consumption Surveys. Historically, these patterns have differed among non-Hispanic White households, non-Hispanic Black households, and Hispanic households. Patterns of energy use and expenditures are influenced by geographic and metropolitan location, the composition of housing stock, economic and demographic status, and the composition of energy use by end-use category. As a consequence, as energy-related factors change across groups, patterns of energy use and expenditures also change. Over time, with changes in the composition of these factors by population group and their variable influences on energy use, the impact on energy use and expenditures has varied across these population groups.

Poyer, D. A.; Decision and Information Sciences

2001-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

63

Aggregated Purchasing - A Clean Energy Strategy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A number of organizations, including municipalities, state and federal agencies, businesses and even religious organizations are leading the way to a renewable energy future by using their collective buying power to purchase green power. The city of Chicago has formed an alliance with 47 other local government agencies to increase their reliance on clean energy sources. As part of this effort, Chicago has installed solar electric systems on a number of the city's buildings, including the Chicago Center for Green Technology shown here. City of Chicago Aggregated Purchasing-A Clean Energy Strategy SOLAR TODAY Aggregated Purchasing-A Clean Energy Strategy by Lori A. Bird and Edward A. Holt November/December 2002 35 Power generated from renewable resources, also known as "green" power, is

64

Public Sector Energy Efficiency Aggregation Program | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Public Sector Energy Efficiency Aggregation Program Public Sector Energy Efficiency Aggregation Program Public Sector Energy Efficiency Aggregation Program < Back Eligibility Fed. Government Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Other Maximum Rebate $4,000,000 Program Info Expiration Date 3/22/2013 State Illinois Program Type State Grant Program Rebate Amount $500,000-$4,000,000 Provider Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity The Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity (DCEO) administers the Illinois Energy Now programs, including the Public Sector Energy Efficiency Aggregation Program. The program will allow public sector participants to combine energy efficiency projects in order to simplify the application process and implement projects that might otherwise be

65

Resting and daily energy expenditures of free-living field voles are positively correlated but reflect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1050 Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway; Aberdeen Centre for Energy RegulationResting and daily energy expenditures of free-living field voles are positively correlated and Obesity, Division of Energy Balance and Obesity, Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen AB24 9SB

Lambin, Xavier

66

"Table A24. Total Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region,"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4. Total Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region," 4. Total Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region," " Industry Group, and Selected Industries, 1991" " (Estimates in Million Dollars)" ,,,,,,,,,,,"RSE" "SIC"," "," "," ","Residual","Distillate ","Natural"," "," ","Coke"," ","Row" "Code(a)","Industry Groupsc and Industry","Total","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Gas(c)","LPG","Coal","and Breeze","Other(d)","Factors" ,,"Total United States" ,"RSE Column Factors:","0.6 ",0.6,1.3,1.3,0.7,1.2,1.2,1.5,1.1

67

Surfacers change their dive tactics depending on the aim of the dive: evidence from simultaneous measurements of breaths and energy expenditure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...simultaneously to reveal the energy expended during...turtles manage their energy expenditure during...taking physical measurements of the turtles...embedded. A logger unit was affixed to...underestimation of energy expenditure per unit body weight. Consequently...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Energy consumption and expenditure projections by income quintile on the basis of the Annual Energy Outlook 1997 forecast  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents an analysis of the relative impacts of the base-case scenario used in the Annual Energy Outlook 1997, published by the US Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, on income quintile groups. Projected energy consumption and expenditures, and projected energy expenditures as a share of income, for the period 1993 to 2015 are reported. Projected consumption of electricity, natural gas, distillate fuel, and liquefied petroleum gas over this period is also reported for each income group. 33 figs., 11 tabs.

Poyer, D.A.; Allison, T.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Dietary Modulation of Pancreatic Carcinogenesis: Calories and Energy Expenditure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...required in order for the HF corn oil diet to stimulate...administration & dosage Eating Energy Intake Female Lung Neoplasms...element of "net utilizable energy." Induction of MTs by...in rats fed HF and LF corn oil diets, restricted...independent of the level of energy intake." Thus, we were...

Theresa Craven-Giles; Anthony R. Tagliaferro; Anne M. Ronan; Karen J. Baumgartner; and B. D. Roebuck

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

The Energy Expenditure of Rats Bearing Walker Carcinoma 256  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...promotion with TPA (12). Corn oil was the fat used in all...did not show 2035s DIETARY ENERGY AND TUMOR PROMOTION Table I...similar effects of dietary corn oil on skin tumorigenesis...observations. 2036s DIETARY ENERGY AND TUMOR PROMOTION 16 weeks...

G. B. Mider; L. D. Fenninger; F. L. Haven; and J. J. Morton

1951-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2000 - Household Expenditures  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Commercial Sector Demand Module generates forecasts of commercial sector energy demand through 2020. The definition of the commercial sector is consistent with EIA’s State Energy Data System (SEDS). That is, the commercial sector includes business establishments that are not engaged in transportation or in manufacturing or other types of industrial activity (e.g., agriculture, mining or construction). The bulk of commercial sector energy is consumed within buildings; however, street lights, pumps, bridges, and public services are also included if the establishment operating them is considered commercial. Since most of commercial energy consumption occurs in buildings, the commercial module relies on the data from the EIA Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) for characterizing the commercial sector activity mix as well as the equipment stock and fuels consumed to provide end use services.12

72

The system for observing fitness instruction time (SOFIT) as a measure of energy expenditure during classroom based physical activity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The aim of this investigation was to develop an equation to estimate physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) during a 10-min physically active academic lesson using The System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time ...

Honas, Jeffery J.; Washburn, Richard A.; Smith, Bryan K.; Greene, Leon; Cook-Wiens, Galen; Donnelly, Joseph E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

1 1 Energy Service Company (ESCO) Industry Activity ($Million Nominal) (1) Low High 1990 143 342 Market Segment Share 1991 218 425 MUSH (2) 69% 1992 331 544 Federal 15% 1993 505 703 Commercial & Industrial 7% 1994 722 890 Residential 6% 1995 1,105 1,159 Public Housing 3% 1996 1,294 1,396 1997 1,394 1,506 1998 1,551 1,667 2008 Revenues by Project/Technology Type 1999 1,764 1,925 2000 1,876 2,186 Market Segment Share 2001 - - Energy Efficiency 75% 2002 - - Onsite Renewables 14% 2003 - - Engine/Turbine Generators 6% 2004 2,447 2,507 Consulting/Master Planning 3% 2005 2,949 3,004 Other 2% 2006 3,579 3,627 2007 - - 2008 4,087 4,171 Note(s): Source(s): Estimated Revenue ($Million Nominal) (1) 2008 Revenue Sources 1) Estimates based on surveys of major ESCOs and input from industry experts. 2) Includes municipal and state governments, universities

74

Small Generator Aggregation (Maine) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Generator Aggregation (Maine) Generator Aggregation (Maine) Small Generator Aggregation (Maine) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Maine Program Type Green Power Purchasing Provider Public Utilities Commission This section establishes requirements for electricity providers to purchase

75

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

2 2 Commercial Energy Prices, by Year and Fuel Type ($2010) Electricity Natural Gas Distillate Oil Residual Oil ($/gal) ($/gal) 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 9.39 104.50 2.79 3.78 9.35 104.74 2.81 3.81 9.47 101.25 2.73 3.69 9.40 103.22 2.76 3.75 9.54 99.28 2.67 3.60 9.51 100.49 2.70 3.64 9.52 94.53 2.66 3.52 9.55 97.45 2.64 3.55 9.46 90.92 2.61 3.46 9.48 92.13 2.63 3.49 9.49 87.65 2.54 3.41 9.47 89.48 2.58 3.42 9.58 85.91 2.41 3.28 9.54 86.36 2.49 3.34 9.57 87.02 2.07 2.97 9.52 84.58 2.26 3.14 10.09 86.14 2.34 3.55 9.76 87.22 2.37 3.57 10.27 97.87 1.49 2.03 10.14 90.95 1.66 2.86 10.04 114.33 1.51 2.47 10.56 121.16 2.01 3.34 9.59 121.45 1.24 2.07 10.13 124.31 1.39 2.32 9.44 94.94 0.93 1.23

76

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

Residential Energy Prices, by Year and Major Fuel Type ($2010 per Million Btu) Electricity Natural Gas Petroleum (1) Avg. 1980 36.40 8.35 16.77 17.64 1981 38.50 8.88 18.35 19.09 1982 40.15 10.08 17.28 19.98 1983 40.43 11.30 16.08 21.00 1984 38.80 11.02 15.61 20.20 1985 38.92 10.68 14.61 20.10 1986 38.24 9.98 11.88 19.38 1987 37.29 9.22 11.23 18.73 1988 36.22 8.80 10.83 18.02 1989 35.67 8.71 11.96 17.93 1990 35.19 8.63 13.27 18.64 1991 34.88 8.38 12.49 18.31 1992 34.79 8.28 11.23 17.76 1993 34.52 8.47 10.75 17.76 1994 34.04 8.63 10.63 17.87 1995 33.43 8.00 10.33 17.50 1996 32.63 8.21 11.70 17.28 1997 32.34 8.83 11.47 17.69 1998 31.33 8.55 9.96 17.73 1999 30.52 8.29 10.13 17.09 2000 30.13 9.54 14.18 18.06 2001 30.71 11.50 13.98 19.38 2002 29.73 9.24 12.26 17.89 2003 30.05 10.87 14.21 18.88 2004 29.98 11.97 15.54 19.76 2005 30.64 13.66 18.93 21.50 2006 32.67 14.30 21.06 23.34 2007 32.50

77

Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.2 Building Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

1 1 Building Energy Prices, by Year and Major Fuel Type ($2010 per Million Btu) Residential Buildings Commercial Buildings Building Electricity Natural Gas Petroleum (1) Avg. Electricity Natural Gas Petroleum (2) Avg. Avg. (3) 1980 36.40 8.35 16.77 17.64 37.22 7.70 13.06 18.52 17.99 1981 38.50 8.88 18.35 19.09 39.06 8.29 14.78 20.56 19.68 1982 40.15 10.08 17.28 19.98 40.15 9.40 13.28 21.21 20.48 1983 40.43 11.30 16.08 21.00 39.51 10.43 12.53 21.55 21.23 1984 38.80 11.02 15.61 20.20 38.68 10.00 12.04 21.14 20.58 1985 38.92 10.68 14.61 20.10 38.29 9.60 11.68 21.41 20.63 1986 38.24 9.98 11.88 19.38 37.09 8.69 7.85 20.17 19.70 1987 37.29 9.22 11.23 18.73 34.93 7.93 8.16 19.14 18.90 1988 36.22 8.80 10.83 18.02 33.60 7.45 7.47 18.24 18.11 1989 35.67 8.71 11.96 17.93 33.06 7.34 8.13 18.29 18.07 1990 35.19 8.63 13.27 18.64 32.49 7.20 9.31 18.62 18.63 1991 34.88 8.38 12.49 18.31

78

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

Commercial Energy Prices, by Year and Major Fuel Type ($2010 per Million Btu) Electricity Natural Gas Petroleum (1) Average 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 (2) 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 27.39 10.47 27.48 21.15 27.10 10.45 27.73 21.01 27.56 10.32 27.04 21.10 27.52 10.45 27.28 21.18 27.86 10.05 26.41 21.06 27.74 10.12 26.73 21.07 28.00 9.75 25.85 20.90 27.96 9.93 26.16 21.01 27.78 9.21 25.46 20.46 27.90 9.45 25.69 20.67 27.76 8.95 24.95 20.23 27.72 9.09 25.24 20.32 27.96 8.64 24.34 20.11 27.81 8.77 24.80 20.14 27.91 8.46 23.15 19.90 28.07 8.59 24.07 20.11 28.61 8.72 23.94 20.36 28.05 8.70 22.00 19.99 29.73 9.10 20.28 20.99 29.57 8.61 24.24 21.03 30.95 12.12 23.75 23.21 30.09 9.79 15.83 21.13 29.70

79

Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.2 Building Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

2 2 Building Energy Prices, by Year and Fuel Type ($2010) (cents/therm) (cents/gal) ($/gal) 1980 12.42 83.51 1.53 2.24 12.70 77.01 1.43 2.05 1981 13.14 88.83 1.47 2.51 13.33 82.90 1.63 2.32 1982 13.70 100.83 1.54 2.30 13.70 93.95 1.40 2.11 1983 13.79 113.04 1.51 2.14 13.48 104.33 1.30 1.75 1984 13.24 110.16 1.46 2.10 13.20 100.01 1.37 1.68 1985 13.28 106.80 1.37 1.96 13.06 95.96 1.21 1.56 1986 13.05 99.76 1.25 1.54 12.66 86.86 0.71 1.01 1987 12.72 92.16 1.22 1.42 11.92 79.32 0.79 1.05 1988 12.36 87.96 1.15 1.39 11.46 74.52 0.62 0.95 1989 12.17 87.08 1.39 1.48 11.28 73.39 0.70 1.07 1990 12.01 86.28 1.40 1.69 11.08 72.04 0.78 1.26 1991 11.90 83.77 1.34 1.56 10.97 69.49 0.58 1.11 1992 11.87 82.80 1.24 1.40 10.93 68.64 0.58 1.01 1993 11.78 84.73 1.19 1.33 10.81 71.91 0.58 0.96 1994 11.62 86.30 1.25 1.27 10.57 74.09 0.60 0.90 1995 11.41 79.96 1.22 1.22 10.32 66.99 0.64 0.88 1996 11.13 82.07 1.36 1.37

80

Commercial Building Tenant Energy Usage Aggregation and Privacy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A growing number of building owners are benchmarking their building energy use. This requires the building owner to acquire monthly whole-building energy usage information, which can be challenging for buildings in which individual tenants have their own utility meters and accounts with the utility. Some utilities and utility regulators have turned to aggregation of customer energy use data (CEUD) as a way to give building owners whole-building energy usage data while protecting customer privacy. Meter profile aggregation adds a layer of protection that decreases the risk of revealing CEUD as the number of meters aggregated increases. The report statistically characterizes the similarity between individual energy usage patterns and whole-building totals at various levels of meter aggregation.

Livingston, Olga V.; Pulsipher, Trenton C.; Anderson, David M.; Wang, Na

2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

A Look at Commercial Buldings in 1995: Characteristics, Energy Consumption, and Energy Expenditures  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

DOE/EIA-0625(95) DOE/EIA-0625(95) Distribution Category UC-950 A Look at Commercial Buildings in 1995: Characteristics, Energy Consumption, and Energy Expenditures October 1998 En ergy In for ma tion Ad min istra tion Of fice of En ergy Mar kets and End Use U.S. De part ment of En ergy Wash ing ton, DC 20585 This re port was pre pared by the En ergy In for ma tion Ad min istra tion, the in de pend ent sta tis ti cal and ana lytic agency within the U.S. De part ment of En ergy. The in for ma tion con tained herein should be at trib uted to the En ergy In for ma tion Ad min istra tion and should not be con strued as ad vo cat ing or re flect ing any pol icy po si tion of the De part ment of En ergy or any other or gani za tion. Contacts The En ergy In for ma tion Ad min istra tion (EIA) pre pared this pub li ca tion un der the gen eral di rec tion of W. Cal vin

82

The federal energy policy: An example of its potential impact on energy consumption and expenditures in minority and poor households  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents an analysis of the relative impacts of the National Energy Strategy on majority and minority households and on nonpoor and poor households. (Minority households are defined as those headed by black or Hispanic persons; poor households are defined as those having combined household income less than or equal to 125% of the Office of Management and Budget`s poverty-income threshold.) Energy consumption and expenditures, and projected energy expenditures as a share of income, for the period 1987 to 2009 are reported. Projected consumptions of electricity and nonelectric energy over this period are also reported for each group. An analysis of how these projected values are affected under different housing growth scenarios is performed. The analysis in this report presents a preliminary set of projections generated under a set of simplifying assumptions. Future analysis will rigorously assess the sensitivity of the projected values to various changes in a number of these assumptions.

Poyer, D.A.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Buildings Energy Data Book: 4.3 Federal Buildings and Facilities Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

2 2 Annual Energy Expenditures per Gross Square Foot of Federal Floorspace Stock, by Year ($2010) FY 1985 2.13 FY 2000 1.36 FY 2001 1.58 FY 2002 1.49 FY 2003 1.45 FY 2004 1.54 FY 2005 1.59 FY 2006 2.01 (1) FY 2007 2.01 Note(s): Source(s): Total Federal buildings and facilities energy expenditures in FY 2006 were $5.79 billion (in $2010). 1) Increase due to change in FEMP categorization of Federal buildings. DOE/FEMP, Annual Report to Congress on FEMP FY 2007, Jan. 2010, Table A-9, p. 97 and Table 1, p. 13; DOE/FEMP, Annual Report to Congress on FEMP, Nov. 2008, Table A-9, p. 78 for energy costs, and Table 1, p. 12 for floorspace for 2006; DOE/FEMP, Annual Report to Congress on FEMP, Sep. 2006, Table A-12, p. 158 for energy costs for 1985-2005; DOE/FEMP, Annual Report on FEMP, Dec. 2002, Table 8-A, p. 61 for 2000; DOE/FEMP, Annual

84

Factors predicting the capacity of Los Angeles city-region recreation programs to promote energy expenditure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An audit of recreation programs with moderate or higher levels of physical activity (PA) in Los Angeles area cities (N=82) was conducted using internet, telephone, and survey methods. Metabolic Equivalents (METs) were used to code programs? physical activity intensity. MET-hours per recreation program was associated with required age for enrollment, percent of residents >64 years of age, and fiscal capacity of cities. Capacity to promote energy expenditure may depend on targeted age groups, age of population, and municipal fiscal capacity. Cities with lower fiscal capacity might offer those higher MET-hour activities which require less specialized equipment and seek outside funding to offer higher MET programs.

Kim D. Reynolds; Nicholas Dahmann; Jennifer Wolch; Pascale Joassart-Marcelli; Genevieve Dunton; Diana Rudulph; Joshua Newell; Jennifer Thayer; Michael Jerrett

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

vol. 163, no. 3 the american naturalist march 2004 Optimal Body Size and Energy Expenditure during Winter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, South Africa; e-mail: m.scantlebury@zoology.up.ac.za. § E-mail: rachel@naturebureau.co.uk. k E-mail: xvol. 163, no. 3 the american naturalist march 2004 Optimal Body Size and Energy Expenditure during energy requirements for thermogenesis at a time when little energy is available. We formulated a model

Lambin, Xavier

86

Econometric Estimation of the Aggregate Impacts of Energy Efficiency  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Econometric Estimation of the Aggregate Impacts of Energy Efficiency Econometric Estimation of the Aggregate Impacts of Energy Efficiency Programs: Report on a California Pilot Study Speaker(s): Marvin J. Horowitz Date: February 26, 2013 - 2:00pm Location: 90-3075 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Alan Sanstad The California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) recently funded a study in which local area aggregated electricity and natural gas consumption in California from 2006 through 2010 were analyzed econometrically. Data were available to estimate electricity energy efficiency program impacts for two of the three large California investor-owned utilities. The findings indicate that net savings from these programs for the 2006-2010 period amounted to 11,391 GWh, or 7.3 percent of annual electricity consumption. This point estimate is 50 percent higher than the CPUC

87

An analysis of residential energy consumption and expenditures by minority households by home type and housing vintage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper a descriptive analysis of the relationship between energy consumption, patterns of energy use, and housing stock variables is presented. The purpose of the analysis is to uncover evidence of variations in energy consumption and expenditures, and patterns of energy use between majority households (defines as households with neither a black nor Hispanic head of household), black households (defined as households with a black head of household), and Hispanic households (defined as households with a Hispanic head of household) between 1980 (time of the first DOE/EIA Residential Energy Consumption Survey, 1982a) and 1987 (time of the last DOE/EIA Residential Energy Consumption Survey, 1989a). The analysis is three-dimensional: energy consumption and expenditures are presented by time (1980 to 1987), housing vintage, and housing type. A comparative analysis of changes in energy variables for the three population groups -- majority, black, and Hispanic -- within and between specific housing stock categories is presented.

Poyer, D.A.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

An analysis of residential energy consumption and expenditures by minority households by home type and housing vintage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper a descriptive analysis of the relationship between energy consumption, patterns of energy use, and housing stock variables is presented. The purpose of the analysis is to uncover evidence of variations in energy consumption and expenditures, and patterns of energy use between majority households (defines as households with neither a black nor Hispanic head of household), black households (defined as households with a black head of household), and Hispanic households (defined as households with a Hispanic head of household) between 1980 (time of the first DOE/EIA Residential Energy Consumption Survey, 1982a) and 1987 (time of the last DOE/EIA Residential Energy Consumption Survey, 1989a). The analysis is three-dimensional: energy consumption and expenditures are presented by time (1980 to 1987), housing vintage, and housing type. A comparative analysis of changes in energy variables for the three population groups -- majority, black, and Hispanic -- within and between specific housing stock categories is presented.

Poyer, D.A.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

The impact of the Persian Gulf crisis on household energy consumption and expenditure patterns  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Iraqi invasion of the Kingdom of Kuwait on August 2, 1990, and the subsequent war between Iraq and an international alliance led by the United States triggered first immediate and then fluctuating world petroleum prices. Increases in petroleum prices and in U.S. petroleum imports resulted in increases in the petroleum prices paid by U.S. residential, commercial, and industrial consumers. The result was an immediate price shock that reverberated throughout the U.S. economy. The differential impact of these price increases and fluctuations on poor and minority households raised immediate, significant, and potentially long-term research, policy, and management issues for a variety of federal, state, and local government agencies, including the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Among these issues are (1) the measurement of variations in the impact of petroleum price changes on poor, nonpoor, minority, and majority households; (2) how to use the existing policy resources and policy innovation to mitigate regressive impacts of petroleum price increases on lower-income households; and (3) how to pursue such policy mitigation through government agencies severely circumscribed by tax and expenditure limitations. Few models attempt to assess household energy consumption and energy expenditure under various alternative price scenarios and with respect to the inclusion of differential household choices correlated with such variables as race, ethnicity, income, and geographic location. This paper provides a preliminary analysis of the nature and extent of potential impacts of petroleum price changes attributable to the Persian Gulf War and its aftermath on majority, black, and Hispanic households and on overlapping poor and nonpoor households. At the time this was written, the Persian Gulf War had concluded with Iraq`s total surrender to all of the resolutions and demands of the United Nations and United States.

Henderson, L. [Univ. of Baltimore, MD (United States); Poyer, D.; Teotia, A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Poor agreement between continuous measurements of energy expenditure and routinely used prediction equations in intensive care unit patients  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

SummaryBackground & aims A wide variation in 24h energy expenditure has been demonstrated previously in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. The accuracy of equations used to predict energy expenditure in critically ill patients is frequently compared with single or short-duration indirect calorimetry measurements, which may not represent the total energy expenditure (TEE) of these patients. To take into account this variability in energy expenditure, estimates have been compared with continuous indirect calorimetry measurements. Methods Continuous (24h/day for ?5 days) indirect calorimetry measurements were made in patients requiring mechanical ventilation for ?5 days. The Harris-Benedict, Schofield and Ireton-Jones equations and the American College of Chest Physicians recommendation of 25kcal/kg/day were used to estimate energy requirements. Results A total of 192 days of measurements, in 27 patients, were available for comparison with the different equations. Agreement between the equations and measured values was poor. The Harris-Benedict, Schofield and ACCP equations provided more estimates (66%, 66% and 65%, respectively) within 80% and 110% of TEE values. However, each of these equations would have resulted in clinically significant underfeeding (110% of TEE) in 18%, 19% and 13% of patients, respectively. Conclusions Limits of agreement between the different equations and TEE values were unacceptably wide. Prediction equations may result in significant under or overfeeding in the clinical setting.

Clare L. Reid

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Incorporating Aggregated PV Systems into the Power Grid | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Incorporating Aggregated PV Systems into the Power Grid Incorporating Aggregated PV Systems into the Power Grid Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Spain Installed Wind Capacity Website Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Market Analysis Website: www.gwec.net/index.php?id=131 Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/spain-installed-wind-capacity-website Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Feed-in Tariffs This website presents an overview of total installed wind energy capacity in Spain per year from 2000 to 2010. The page also presents the main market developments from 2010; a policy summary; a discussion of the revision in feed-in tariffs in 2010; and a future market outlook. References Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Incorporating_Aggregated_PV_Systems_into_the_Power_Grid&oldid=514463

92

Low energy WSN data aggregation algorithm based on improved aggregation tree model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To keep the data synchronisation and fidelity of each node in wireless sensor network (WSN), we propose a router-combined data fusion algorithm based on broadcast tree. The approximation algorithm is used to transform the optimum aggregation tree into NP-C problem to solve the smallest Steiner tree. Then the cluster-based optimising directed diffusion routing is adopted to construct aggregation tree for data fusion. At the fusion phase, we introduce consensus factor to support degree matrix, to replace original constant factor and provide more weight effect for reliable sensor. The improved support degree matrix will measure the support degree of each sensor to form a novel weighted fusion algorithm. The analyses on simulation show that our fusion algorithm can make data fusion effectively, which also has higher performance in delay, energy and accuracy.

Pinghui Zou; Yun Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Reduced postprandial energy expenditure and increased exogenous fat oxidation in young woman after ingestion of test meals with a low protein content  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Macronutrient composition of diets can influence energy balance in humans. We tested the hypothesis whether low protein content in single meals may induce lower values of energy expenditure (EE) and fat oxidation...

Klaus J Petzke; Susanne Klaus

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Occupational physical activity, energy expenditure and 11-year progression of carotid atherosclerosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

expenditure measurements. Ergonomics. 1985;28(1):3659.time and physical workload. Ergonomics. Lynch JW, Kaplan GA,arm and leg exercise. Ergonomics. 1998;41(1):109 Shvartz E,

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

E-Print Network 3.0 - adolescent energy expenditure Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hedge said, "and has helped the United States become a nation of workaholics... 's expenditure on this approach. ne of the keys to stemming the obesity ... Source: Wang, Z....

96

Reading and Listening to Music Increase Resting Energy Expenditure during an Indirect Calorimetry Test  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Indirect calorimetry is often done early in the morning in a fasting state, with the subject unshowered and abstained from caffeine or other stimulants. Subjects often fall asleep, resulting in measurement of a sleeping metabolic rate rather than a resting metabolic rate. The objective of this study was to determine whether listening to self-selected relaxing music or reading an electronic device or magazine affects resting energy expenditure (REE) during measurement in healthy adults. A randomized trial comparing three different conditions (ie, resting, reading, and listening to music) wasperformed. Sixty-five subjects (36 female and 29 male) were used in final dataanalysis. Inclusion criteria included healthy subjects between the ages of 18 and 50years with a stable weight. Exclusion criteria included pregnant or lactating women or use of medications known to affect metabolism. Results showed that reading either amagazine or an electronic device significantly increased REE by 102.7 kcal/day when compared with resting (Pdevice and magazine. Listening to self-selected relaxing music increased REE by 27.6 kcal/day compared with rest (P=0.0072). Based on our results, we recommend subjects refrain from reading a magazine or electronic device during an indirect calorimetry test. Whether or not the smaller difference found while listening to music ispractically significant would be a decision for the indirect calorimetry test administrator.

Blaire Snell; Susan Fullmer; Dennis L. Eggett

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Efficient Fster energy transfer : from phosphorescent organic molecules to J-aggregate thin film  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis demonstrates the first ever use of Forster resonance energy transfer (FRET) to increase the quantum efficiency of a electrically pumped J-aggregate light emitting device (JLED). J-aggregate thin films are highly ...

Shirasaki, Yasuhiro

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Commercial Building Tenant Energy Usage Data Aggregation and Privacy: Technical Appendix  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This technical appendix accompanies report PNNL23786 Commercial Building Tenant Energy Usage Data Aggregation and Privacy. The objective is to provide background information on the methods utilized in the statistical analysis of the aggregation thresholds.

Livingston, Olga V.; Pulsipher, Trenton C.; Anderson, David M.

2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

99

Impact of Transportation on Cost, Energy and Particulate Emissions for Recycled Concrete Aggregate.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??IMPACT OF TRANSPORTATION ON COST, ENERGY AND PARTICULATE EMISSIONS FOR RECYCLED CONCRETE AGGREGATE Transportation distances can have a huge impact on cost, energy, and particulate (more)

Hameed, Mohamed

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Table ET1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, Selected Years, 1970-2011, United States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

ET1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, Selected Years, 1970-2011, United States ET1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, Selected Years, 1970-2011, United States Year Primary Energy Electric Power Sector h,j Retail Electricity Total Energy g,h,i Coal Coal Coke Natural Gas a Petroleum Nuclear Fuel Biomass Total g,h,i,j Coking Coal Steam Coal Total Exports Imports Distillate Fuel Oil Jet Fuel b LPG c Motor Gasoline d Residual Fuel Oil Other e Total Wood and Waste f,g Prices in Dollars per Million Btu 1970 0.45 0.36 0.38 1.27 0.93 0.59 1.16 0.73 1.43 2.85 0.42 1.38 1.71 0.18 1.29 1.08 0.32 4.98 1.65 1975 1.65 0.90 1.03 2.37 3.47 1.18 2.60 2.05 2.96 4.65 1.93 2.94 3.35 0.24 1.50 2.19 0.97 8.61 3.33 1980 2.10 1.38 1.46 2.54 3.19 2.86 6.70 6.36 5.64 9.84 3.88 7.04 7.40 0.43 2.26 4.57 1.77 13.95 6.89 1985 2.03 1.67 1.69 2.76 2.99 4.61 7.22 5.91 6.63 9.01 4.30 R 7.62 R 7.64 0.71 2.47 4.93 1.91 19.05

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

A look at commercial buildings in 1995: Characteristics, energy consumption, and energy expenditures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The commercial sector consists of business establishments and other organizations that provide services. The sector includes service businesses, such as retail and wholesale stores, hotels and motels, restaurants, and hospitals, as well as a wide range of facilities that would not be considered commercial in a traditional economic sense, such as public schools, correctional institutions, and religious and fraternal organizations. Nearly all energy use in the commercial sector takes place in, or is associated with, the buildings that house these commercial activities. Analysis of the structures, activities, and equipment associated with different types of buildings is the clearest way to evaluate commercial sector energy use. The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) is a national-level sample survey of commercial buildings and their energy suppliers conducted quadrennially (previously triennially) by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The target population for the 1995 CBECS consisted of all commercial buildings in the US with more than 1,000 square feet of floorspace. Decision makers, businesses, and other organizations that are concerned with the use of energy--building owners and managers, regulators, legislative bodies and executive agencies at all levels of government, utilities and other energy suppliers--are confronted with a buildings sector that is complex. Data on major characteristics (e.g., type of building, size, year constructed, location) collected from the buildings, along with the amount and types of energy the buildings consume, help answer fundamental questions about the use of energy in commercial buildings.

NONE

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Financial Statistics: Expenditure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

While public attention is usually focussed on one category of expenditure viz Rate Fund expenditure-both revenue and capital (see section 3.3)-it is ... financial statistics to realise that the term expenditure...

J. M. Gillespie

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

SEDS CSV File Documentation: Price and Expenditure  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices and Expenditures Prices and Expenditures The State Energy Data System (SEDS) comma-separated value (CSV) files contain the price and expenditure estimates shown in the tables located on the SEDS website. There are three files that contain estimates for all states and years. Prices contains the price estimates for all states and Expenditures contains the expenditure estimates for all states. The third file, Adjusted Consumption for Expenditure Calculations contains adjusted consumption estimates used in calculating expenditures (see Appendix E below). Zip files are also available for the large data files. In addition, there is a CSV file for each state, named with the two-letter U.S. Postal Code listed in Appendix A, as well as a file for the United States.

104

Nanocrystal/J-aggregate constructs : chemistry, energy transfer, and applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The interaction of light with matter is one of the most central subjects to modern chemistry. Two types of materials, semiconductor nanocrystals and J-aggregates of cyanine dyes, have been developed chiefly due to their ...

Walker, Brian J. (Brian Jacob)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Estimating exergy prices for energy carriers in heating systems: Country analyses of exergy substitution with capital expenditures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Exergy represents the ability of an energy carrier to perform work and can be seen as a core indicator for measuring its quality. In this article we postulate that energy prices reflect the exergy content of the underlying energy carrier and that capital expenditures can substitute for exergy to some degree. We draw our line of argumentation from cost and technology data for heating systems of four European countries: Austria, Finland, The Netherlands, and Sweden. Firstly, this paper shows that the overall consumer costs for different heating options, widely installed in those countries, are in the same range. In this analysis we derived an overall standard deviation of about 8%. Secondly, additional analysis demonstrates that the share of capital costs on total heating cost increases with lower exergy input. Based on the data used in this analysis, we conclude that for the case of modern cost effective heating systems the substitution rate between exergy and capital is in the vicinity of 2/3. This means that by reducing the average specific exergy input of the applied energy carriers by one unit, the share of capital costs on the total costs increases by 2/3 of a unit.

A. Mller; L. Kranzl; P. Tuominen; E. Boelman; M. Molinari; A.G. Entrop

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Capital and revenue expenditures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

T and Charaoteristios of Various Expenditures ~ ~ 7 III. Bases for Expenditure Classifioationi ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ r ~ ' ~ IV ~ Methods of kooountiag for Capital and Revenue Expenditure( ~ ~ I CkPITLL ERE RKVRRUm bXPLM)ITURkiS ISTRORUGTIOR kn ?ttonpt will be made... whish represent part of the nooessary cost of usine the asset during the current period, shouLd be oharged abainst the revenue of the period? heveaue expenditures are expensosg capital expenditures are noti fhe toras aooounting period' and "fiscal...

Owens, Jack Bailey

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

107

Mechanism design for aggregating energy consumption and quality of service in speed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a way that minimizes energy while respecting the jobs' deadlines. The energy consumption is then chargedScale. Higher speed means that jobs finish earlier at the price of a higher energy consumption. Each job hasMechanism design for aggregating energy consumption and quality of service in speed scaling

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

108

AN ENERGY-AWARE SPANNING TREE AlGORITHM FOR DATA AGGREGATION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN ENERGY-AWARE SPANNING TREE AlGORITHM FOR DATA AGGREGATION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS Marc Lee. In this paper, we propose E-Span, which is an energy-aware spanning tree algorithm. E-Span is a distributed's residual energy. In [5], a dynamic convoy tree-based collaboration framework for tracking a mobile target

Wong, Vincent

109

Energy Policy 30 (2002) 151163 Aggregating physical intensity indicators: results of applying the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

indicators measure the energy used per dollar of GDP produced by some sector, sub-sector, industry or productEnergy Policy 30 (2002) 151­163 Aggregating physical intensity indicators: results of applying School of Resource and Environmental Management, Energy Research Group, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby

110

Single Lvy StatesDisorder Induced Energy Funnels in Molecular Aggregates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent theoretical work(56, 57) considered 1D J-aggregates where the monomer energies were taken from such heavy-tailed distributions and found drastically different properties related to the formation of so-called outliersexciton states with significantly lower energy than the states dominating the absorption spectra. ... describing the effects of inhomogeneous broadening and energetic disorder on the energy transfer. ...

Aboma Merdasa; ngel J. Jimnez; Rafael Camacho; Matthias Meyer; Frank Wrthner; Ivan G. Scheblykin

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

111

Relationship Between Surface Free Energy and Total Work of Fracture of Asphalt Binder and Asphalt Binder-Aggregate Interfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the surface free energy of the asphalt binder and the aggregate. Surface free energy, which is a thermodynamic material property, is directly related to the adhesive bond energy between the asphalt binder and the aggregate as well as the cohesive bond energy...

Howson, Jonathan Embrey

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

112

Compilation of Expenditures for the Hawai`i Gateway Energy Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

discussed in earlier reporting to the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) chose to simply develop fuel cell and storage activities, reported in a previous document to NETL, were conducted at Kahua for space that have been charged to the project, since we developed the contract with NETL. The space

113

Hierarchal Light-Harvesting Aggregates and Their Potential for Solar Energy Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hierarchal Light-Harvesting Aggregates and Their Potential for Solar Energy Applications ... She is professor of chemistry and materials science at Washington State University, where she focuses her long-standing interest in photoinduced electron transfer on the problem of achieving sustainable and economical solar energy conversion. ...

Jeanne L. McHale

2012-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

114

Energy-Efficient Multiple Routing Trees for Aggregate Query Evaluation in Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy-Efficient Multiple Routing Trees for Aggregate Query Evaluation in Sensor Networks Yuzhen is of paramount importance. Energy-efficient routing trees built for in-network pro- cessing play a central role multiple routing trees in sensor networks for the evaluation of a class of aggre- gate queries including

Liang, Weifa

115

Buildings Energy Data Book: 4.3 Federal Buildings and Facilities Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

3 3 Direct Appropriations on Federal Buildings Energy Conservation Retrofits and Capital Equipment ($2010 Million) FY 1985 FY 1986 FY 1987 FY 1988 FY 1989 FY 1990 Source(s): DOE/FEMP, Annual Report to Congress on FEMP FY 2007, Jan. 2010, Table 11-B, p. 31; DOE/FEMP, Annual Report to Congress on FEMP, Nov. 2007, Table 9-B, p. 26 for 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000-2006; DOE/FEMP, Annual Report to Congress on FEMP, Sep. 2004, Table 4-B, p. 38 for 1986-1989, 1991-1994, 1996-1999; EIA, Annual Energy Review 2010, Oct. 2011, Appendix D, p. 353 for price deflators. 349,350 102,135 FY 1996 238,232 FY 2002 147,895 83,340 FY 1995 438,943 FY 2001 162,488 FY 2007 321,686 108,705 FY 1994 318,739 FY 2000 150,900 FY 2006 301,222 98,708 FY 1993 170,826 FY 1999 261,784 FY 2005 201,156 342,653 FY 1992 209,973

116

Military Expenditure, Threats, and Growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a country's external military threat; lgdp is the log ofMilitary Expenditure, Threats, and Growth * September 2003expenditure, external threats, corruption, and other

Aizenman, Joshua; Glick, Reuven

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Causal relationship between energy consumption and GDP in Tunisia: aggregated and disaggregated analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates the causality between energy consumption and GDP in Tunisia for the 1980 to 2009 period at both aggregated and disaggregated levels as oil, natural gas, and electricity. To determine the Granger causality in the presence of cointegration between variables, a vector error correction model (VECM) is used instead of an autoregressive model (VAR). In the short-run, the neutrality hypothesis is supported between total energy consumption and GDP. This is also true between GDP and oil consumption in one hand and the gas consumption in other hand. Whereas a unidirectional is detected from electricity to the GDP is found (growth hypothesis). In the long-run, total energy consumption, in aggregate and disaggregated forms (gas and electricity) causes GDP (growth hypothesis). For against GDP causes oil consumption (conservation hypothesis). Consequently, the policy makers in Tunisia should place priority an increased commitment to aggregated and disaggregated energy consumption will stabilise the country's inefficient spending and allow it to have a stable income stream in the short-term to raise capital for its long-term investments.

Mehdi Abid; Rafaa Mraihi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Chapter 4. Fuel Economy, Consumption and Expenditures  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4. Fuel Economy, Consumption, and Expenditures 4. Fuel Economy, Consumption, and Expenditures Chapter 4. Fuel Economy, Consumption, and Expenditures This chapter analyzes trends in fuel economy, fuel consumption, and fuel expenditures, using data unique to the Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey, as well as selected data from other sources. Analysis topics include the following: Following the oil supply and price disruptions caused by the Arab oil embargo of 1973-1974, motor gasoline price increases, the introduction of corporate average fuel economy standards, and environmental quality initiatives helped to spur major changes in vehicle technology. But have the many advances in vehicle technology resulted in measurable gains in the fuel economy of the residential vehicle fleet?

119

Public Expenditure on Education  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of Commons on December 17, Mr. Geoffrey Lloyd, Minister of Education, said that expenditure by the Ministry and local education authorities, excluding ... by the Ministry and local education authorities, excluding capital ...

1959-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

120

A comparative analysis of energy demand and expenditures by minority and majority households within the context of a conditional demand system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analysis and evaluation of the impact that programs and policies have on energy consumption and expenditures are confounded by many intervening variables. A clear understanding of how these variables influence energy consumption patterns should be grounded in a rigorously developed framework. In this regard much is documented in the literature. However, an analysis of the comparative relationship between energy demand and variables which influence it among different socioeconomic groups has not been thoroughly explored with any theoretical rigor. It is proposed that differences in patterns of energy use between black, Hispanic, and majority households (where the household head is neither black nor Hispanic) are due to both structural and distribution differences. It is felt that the structural dissimilarities are primarily due to the dynamic nature in which energy consumption patterns evolve, with differences in changing housing patterns playing a significant role. For minorities, this implies a potential difference in the effect of policy and programs on economic welfare when compared to majority households.To test this hypothesis, separate conditional demand systems are estimated for majority, black, and Hispanic households. With the use of separate variance/covariance matrices, various parameter groups are tested for statistically significant differences.

Poyer, D.A.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

A comparative analysis of energy demand and expenditures by minority and majority households within the context of a conditional demand system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analysis and evaluation of the impact that programs and policies have on energy consumption and expenditures are confounded by many intervening variables. A clear understanding of how these variables influence energy consumption patterns should be grounded in a rigorously developed framework. In this regard much is documented in the literature. However, an analysis of the comparative relationship between energy demand and variables which influence it among different socioeconomic groups has not been thoroughly explored with any theoretical rigor. It is proposed that differences in patterns of energy use between black, Hispanic, and majority households (where the household head is neither black nor Hispanic) are due to both structural and distribution differences. It is felt that the structural dissimilarities are primarily due to the dynamic nature in which energy consumption patterns evolve, with differences in changing housing patterns playing a significant role. For minorities, this implies a potential difference in the effect of policy and programs on economic welfare when compared to majority households.To test this hypothesis, separate conditional demand systems are estimated for majority, black, and Hispanic households. With the use of separate variance/covariance matrices, various parameter groups are tested for statistically significant differences.

Poyer, D.A.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Influence of Complex Exciton-Phonon Coupling on Optical Absorption and Energy Transfer of Quantum Aggregates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a theory that efficiently describes the quantum dynamics of an electronic excitation that is coupled to a continuous, highly structured phonon environment. Based on a stochastic approach to non-Markovian open quantum systems, we develop a dynamical framework that allows us to handle realistic systems where a fully quantum treatment is desired yet the usual approximation schemes fail. The capability of the method is demonstrated by calculating spectra and energy transfer dynamics of mesoscopic molecular aggregates, elucidating the transition from fully coherent to incoherent transfer.

Jan Roden; Alexander Eisfeld; Wolfgang Wolff; Walter T. Strunz

2009-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

123

Operating and Capital Expenditures Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter, you will learn how to plan, create, and use the Operating Expenditure (OPEX) model and the Capital Expenditure (CAPEX) model. These models are used ... to forecast, respectively, general operatin...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Economy slows Arco's capital expenditures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Economy slows Arco's capital expenditures ... Arco Chemical's new president and chief executive officer, Alan R. Hirsig, told shareholders the company plans to stretch out its capital expenditure program and as a result, expects sharply lower capital spending in 1992. ...

MARC REISCH

1991-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

125

Corporate Expenditure on Environmental Protection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examine the determinants of firms current environmental expenditure and firms capital investment in equipment for pollution control in ... The main determinants for the two types of expenditure are similar: ...

Stefanie A. Haller; Liam Murphy

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Household Vehicles Energy Consumption 1991  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aggregate Aggregate Ratio: See Mean and Ratio Estimate. AMPD: Average miles driven per day. See Appendix B, "Estimation Methodologies." Annual Vehicle Miles Traveled: See Vehicle Miles Traveled. Automobile: Includes standard passenger car, 2-seater car and station wagons; excludes passenger vans, cargo vans, motor homes, pickup trucks, and jeeps or similar vehicles. See Vehicle. Average Household Energy Expenditures: A ratio estimate defined as the total household energy expenditures for all RTECS households divided by the total number of households. See Ratio Estimate, and Combined Household Energy Expenditures. Average Number of Vehicles per Household: The average number of vehicles used by a household for personal transportation during 1991. For this report, the average number of vehicles per household is computed as the ratio of the total number of vehicles to the

127

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Household Expenditures Module Household Expenditures Module The Household Expenditures Module (HEM) constructs household energy expenditure profiles using historical survey data on household income, population and demographic characteristics, and consumption and expenditures for fuels for various end-uses. These data are combined with NEMS forecasts of household disposable income, fuel consumption, and fuel expenditures by end-use and household type. The HEM disaggregation algorithm uses these combined results to forecast household fuel consumption and expenditures by income quintile and Census Division. Key Assumptions The historical input data used to develop the HEM version for the AEO2003 consists of recent household survey responses, aggregated to the desired level of detail. Two surveys performed by the Energy Information Administration are included in the AEO2003 HEM database, and together these input data are used to develop a set of baseline household consumption profiles for the direct fuel expenditure analysis. These surveys are the 1997 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) and the 1991 Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey (RTECS).

128

Directional Flooding Scheme with Data Aggregation for Energy-Efficient Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a directional flooding with data aggregation (DFDA) using hop- ... savings by reducing the redundant transmissions using directional flooding based on hop-count and data aggregation. Our simulation res...

Sung-Hyup Lee; Kang-Won Lee; You-Ze Cho

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Measured energy savings and demand reduction from a reflective roof membrane on a large retail store in Austin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the abated annual energy and demand expenditures, simplea/c annual abated energy and demand expenditures and presentof future abated energy and demand expenditures is estimated

Konopacki, Steven J.; Akbari, Hashem

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Validity of predictive equations for resting energy expenditure according to the body mass index in a population of 1726 patients followed in a Nutrition Unit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

SummaryBackground & aims The resting energy expenditure (REE) predictive formulas are often used in clinical practice to adapt the nutritional intake of patients or to compare to REE measured by indirect calorimetry. We aimed to evaluate which predictive equations was the best alternative to REE measurements according to the BMI. Methods 28 REE prediction equations were studied in a population of 1726 patients without acute or chronic high-grade inflammatory diseases followed in a Nutrition Unit for malnutrition, eating disorders or obesity. REE was measured by indirect calorimetry for 30min after a fasting period of 12h. Some formulas requiring fat mass and free-fat mass, body composition was measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis. The percentage of accurate prediction (10%/REE measured) and Pearson r correlations were calculated. Results Original Harris & Benedict equation provided 73.0% of accurate predictions in normal BMI group but only 39.3% and 62.4% in patients with BMI40kgm?2, respectively. Conclusion Usual predictive equations of REE are not suitable for predicting REE in patients with extreme BMI, in particularly in patients with BMI <16kgm?2. Indirect Calorimetry may still be recommended for an accurate assessment of REE in this population until the development of an adapted predictive equation.

Pierre Jsus; Najate Achamrah; Sbastien Grigioni; Jocelyne Charles; Agns Rimbert; Vanessa Folope; Andr Petit; Pierre Dchelotte; Mose Coffier

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Incubation temperature affects hatching success, embryonic expenditure of energy and hatchling phenotypes of a prolonged egg-retaining snake, Deinagkistrodon acutus (Viperidae)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We used eggs of Deinagkistrodon acutus to study the effects of incubation temperature on hatching success, embryonic expenditure of energy and hatchling phenotypes. One egg from each of the 15 fertile clutches was dissected for determination of egg composition, and a total of 164 eggs were incubated at five constant temperatures. Embryonic mortality increased dramatically at 30C, and none of eggs incubated at 32C hatched. Within the range from 24 to 30C, temperature affected incubation length and most hatchling traits examined. The mean incubation length at 24, 26, 28 and 30C was 36.4, 28.7, 21.8 and 15.7 days, respectively. Embryos developing at higher temperatures (28 and 30C) consumed more energy but produced less developed (and hence smaller) hatchlings, which characteristically had larger residual yolks but smaller carcasses. A principal component analysis resolved two components (with eigenvalues ?1) from ten size (initial egg mass)-free hatchling variables, accounting for 79.3% of variation in the original data. The first component (43.8% variance explained) had high positive loading for size-free values of dry mass, lipid mass, energy contents and ash mass of hatchlings, and the second component (35.5% variance explained) had high positive loading for size-free values of SVL, carcass dry mass and fatbody dry mass. Hatchlings from different incubation temperatures did not differ in scores on the first axis of the principal component analysis, whereas hatchlings from higher incubation temperatures (28 and 30C) had significantly lower scores on the second axis than did those from lower incubation temperatures (24 and 26C). As the second axis mainly represents traits relating to the developmental condition at hatching, the analysis therefore provided further evidence that eggs incubated at higher temperatures produced less developed hatchlings. Taken together, our data show that the optimal temperatures for embryonic development are relatively low in D. acutus largely due to its use of relatively cool habitats.

Zhi-Hua Lin; Xiang Ji; Lai-Gao Luo; Xiao-Mei Ma

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Abstract One way for animals to decrease energy ex-penditures is to minimize the cost of movement. For ani-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract One way for animals to decrease energy ex- penditures is to minimize the cost of movement. For ani- mals dwelling on slopes, gravity can impart a large ener- getic cost to movement. For this reason (specifically hillslope angle) so as to minimize their energetic costs. Subterra- nean animals should also

Chadwick, Oliver A.

133

Coordinated Aggregation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Coordinated Coordinated Aggregation of Distributed Energy Resources Alejandro Dominguez-Garcia Univ of Illinois Pravin Varaiya & Kameshwar Poolla UC Berkeley August 6, 2013 Dominguez-Garcia, Poolla, Varaiya CERTS Review 2013 August 6, 2013 0 / 45 Our Research Group Students Anand Subramanian, Justin Hughes Jared Porter, Zach Lerner Post-docs Ashutosh Nayyar He Hao, Borhan Sanandaji Faculty Alejandro Dominguez-Garcia Kameshwar Poolla, Pravin Varaiya Dominguez-Garcia, Poolla, Varaiya CERTS Review 2013 August 6, 2013 0 / 45 CERTS Research Activities Network case of Risk-Limiting Dispatch Improved Load Forecasting with fine-grain measurements Coordinated Aggregation of Distributed Resources Dominguez-Garcia, Poolla, Varaiya CERTS Review 2013 August 6, 2013 1 / 45 Risk Limiting Dispatch Dominguez-Garcia, Poolla, Varaiya CERTS Review 2013 August

134

Energy landscapes for protein folding, binding, and aggregation : simple funnels and beyond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

coordinates capture protein folding on smooth landscapes.in the Prediction of Protein Folding Kinetics. Proc. Natl.Landscapes for Protein Folding, Binding, and Aggregation:

Cho, Samuel Sung-Il

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Optimal Participation of DR Aggregators in Day-Ahead Energy and Demand Response Exchange Markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aggregating the Demand Response (DR) is approved as an effective ... transmission system operator, distributors, and retailers in Demand Response eXchange (DRX) market, in addition to...

Ehsan Heydarian-Forushani

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Aggregation of U.S. Population Centers Using Climate Parameters Related to Building Energy Use  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A technique for aggregating population centers into groups based on selected climate parameters is presented. Climate information on the 125 largest Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas (SMSAs) in the United States is used to assign each SMSA ...

Brandt Andersson; William L. Carroll; Marlo R. Martin

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

More on Capital Expenditure Anticipations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We turn now to analysis of investment realizations functions, beginning with the one-year ahead, or short run capital expenditure anticipations,based upon McGraw-Hill data over...a fortiori..., for all firms of a...

R. Eisner

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Application of Asphalt-aggregates Interfacial Energies to Evaluate Moisture-induced Damage of Warm Mix Asphalt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract With increasing environmental awareness and high oil prices, use of warm mix asphalt (WMA) is gaining popularity in the asphalt industry. Different WMA technologies including use of additives to reduce the mixing and compaction temperatures are being applied. The present study uses the surface free energy (SFE) method as a mechanistic framework to evaluate the moisture susceptibility of warm mix asphalt (WMA) with Evotherm WMA-additive. The SFE components of a modified PG64-22 asphalt binder with different percentages of Evotherm and selected aggregates were measured in the laboratory. The work of adhesion, the work of debonding, and energy ratios were estimated to assess the moisture-induced damage potential of combinations of neat and Evotherm-modified asphalt binders and different aggregates. The results indicated that use of Evotherm resulted in increase in total SFE and work of adhesion and a reduction in the work of debonding, indicating a better possible aggregate-asphalt binder bond and lower moisture susceptibility potential. It is expected that the present study would be helpful in understanding the moisture-damage potential of flexible pavements constructed with WMA technologies.

Rouzbeh Ghabchi; Dharamveer Singh; Musharraf Zaman; Qingyan Tian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Household Vehicles Energy Consumption 1991  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

homes, pickup trucks, and jeeps or similar vehicles. See Vehicle. Average Household Energy Expenditures: A ratio estimate defined as the total household energy expenditures for...

140

The Role of Capital Expenditures in Signalling Firm Value  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Corporate Capital Expenditure Announcements," PurdueTHE ROLE OF CAPITAL EXPENDITURES IN SIGNALLING FIRM VALUEAngeles THE ROLE OF CAPITAL EXPENDITURES IN SIGNALLING FIRM

Titman, Brett

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Post-IPO capital expenditures and market feedback  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an empirical test of the market feedback hypothesis, a theory suggesting that information aggregated in the IPO process is used for the firms investment decision. We examine the relation between post-IPO unexpected capital expenditures and feedback generated during the IPO process for 1543 \\{IPOs\\} between 1987 and 1995. Feedback is measured by (i) the unexpected price adjustment made at the end of the waiting period and (ii) the unexpected initial return. Consistent with the hypothesis, we find that positive feedback is followed by positive abnormal capital expenditures. A long-term event study finds no significant difference in stock returns between positive and negative feedback IPOs. This suggests that firms should not ignore market feedback as there is no evidence for a feedback related bias in post-IPO stock prices.

Jos van Bommel; Theo Vermaelen

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Reliability enhancement of a radial distribution system using coordinated aggregation based particle swarm optimization considering customer and energy based indices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes an algorithm for optimum modifications for failure rate and repair time for a radial electrical distribution system. The modifications are with respect to a penalty cost function minimization. The cost function has been minimized subject to the energy based and customer oriented indices, i.e. AENS, SAIFI, SAIDI and CAIDI. Coordinated aggregation based particle swarm optimization (CAPSO) has been used for optimization. The algorithm has been implemented on a sample radial distribution system. The results obtained have been compared with those obtained using PSO.

Rajesh Arya; S.C. Choube; L.D. Arya; D.P. Kothari

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Forecasting Capital Expenditure with Plan Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The short-term forecasting of capital expenditure presents one of the most difficult problems ... reason is that year-to-year fluctuations in capital expenditure are extremely wide. Some simple methods which...

W. Gerstenberger

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Essays on pharmaceuticals and health care expenditures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

health care expenditures. This dissertation also explores the relations between FDA Therapeutic Drug Classification and total health care expenditures. It offers a better methodology by incorporating both the quality and the age of the drugs to capture...

Karaca, Zeynal

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

145

Application of surface energy measurements to evaluate moisture susceptibility of asphalt and aggregates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is assessed using surface energy measurements and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). Surface energy is defined as the energy needed to create a new unit surface area of material in vacuum condition. Surface energy measurements are used to compute the adhesive...

Zollinger, Corey James

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

146

The impact of rising energy prices on household energy consumption and expenditure patterns: The Persian Gulf crisis as a case example  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and the subsequent war between Iraq and an international alliance led by the United States triggered immediate increases in world oil prices. Increases in world petroleum prices and in US petroleum imports resulted in higher petroleum prices for US customers. In this report, the effects of the Persian Gulf War and its aftermath are used to demonstrate the potential impacts of petroleum price changes on majority, black, and Hispanic households, as well as on poor and nonpoor households. The analysis is done by using the Minority Energy Assessment Model developed by Argonne National Laboratory for the US Department of Energy (DOE). The differential impacts of these price increases and fluctuations on poor and minority households raise significant issues for a variety of government agencies, including DOE. Although the Persian Gulf crisis is now over and world oil prices have returned to their prewar levels, the differential impacts of rising energy prices on poor and minority households as a result of any future crisis in the world oil market remains a significant long-term issue.

Henderson, L.J. (Baltimore Univ., MD (United States)); Poyer, D.A.; Teotia, A.P.S. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Energy Systems Div.)

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Capital Expenditure Policy Final V1.0 Approved 110613 -1 -Capital Expenditure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Capital Expenditure Policy Final V1.0 Approved 110613 - 1 - Capital Expenditure Policy Version and Risk Committee Audit and Risk Committee: 11 June 2013 (Draft v.11) #12;Capital Expenditure Policy Final on intranet To be referenced during Capital Expenditure training As approved by Audit & Risk Committee 11

Chittka, Lars

148

Aggregation in sensor networks: An energy-accuracy trade-off  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sensor Networks: An Energy- Accuracy Trade-off Athanassiosacknowledge the energy/accuracy trade-off present whenalgorithm exploits the energy-accuracy trade-off in WASNs to

A. Boulis; S. Ganeriwal; M. B. Srivastava

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Evaluation of moisture susceptibility of asphalt mixes containing RAP and different types of aggregates and asphalt binders using the surface free energy method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The surface free energy (SFE) measurement of asphalt binder and aggregate is considered a reliable mechanistic framework for evaluating the moisture-induced damage potential of asphalt mixes. In the present study, the SFE method was used to evaluate the effects of asphalt binder type, Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) and its amount, and aggregate type on the moisture-induced damage potential of asphalt mixes. The SFE components (non-polar, acid and base) of a PG 64-22 and a PG 76-28 (polymer-modified) asphalt binders, blended with different amounts of RAP binder (0%, 10%, 25% and 40%) were measured in the laboratory using a Dynamic Contact Angle (DCA) analyzer. Also, the SFE components of six types of aggregates, namely limestone, rhyolite, sandstone, granite, gravel, and basalt were used in this study. The SFE components of limestone and rhyolite aggregates were measured using a Universal Sorption Device (USD), while those of the sandstone, granite, gravel, and basalt aggregates were obtained from the literature. The energy ratio parameters estimated based on the spreading coefficient, the work of adhesion, and the work of debonding were used to assess the moisture-induced damage potential of different combinations of asphalt binders and different RAP binder contents and aggregates. The SFE test results indicated that the acid SFE component of PG 64-22 and PG 76-28 asphalt binders increase with the addition of RAP binder, while the base SFE component remains almost unchanged. Also, the wettability and the work of adhesion of both PG 64-22 and PG 76-28 asphalt binders over different types of aggregates increased with an increase in RAP content (by 25% and more). Based on the energy ratio parameters, it was found that the resistance to moisture-induced damage increased with an increase in RAP content for both PG 64-22 and PG 76-28 asphalt binders and all types of aggregates, specifically when higher RAP contents were used. Moreover, it was found that the higher the total SFE of the aggregates, the lower the energy ratio parameter values. Therefore, a high total SFE component of aggregate may result in a high moisture-induced damage potential of the mix. The results presented herein are expected to be helpful in mechanistically assessing the moisture-induced damage potential of asphalt mixes, produced with polymer-modified and non-polymer-modified asphalt binders, containing RAP.

Rouzbeh Ghabchi; Dharamveer Singh; Musharraf Zaman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Energy landscapes for protein folding, binding, and aggregation : simple funnels and beyond.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The Funneled Energy Landscape Theory is currently the most widely accepted theory of protein folding. In this dissertation, the basic concepts of the Energy Landscape (more)

Cho, Samuel Sung-Il

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

The impact of medicare capital prospective payment regulation on hospital capital expenditures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Our study examines the impact of the capital prospective payment system (CPPS), implemented by Medicare in 1991, on capital expenditures and cost-effective behavior of non-proprietary hospitals. As noted in the paper, we use audited financial statement data for a large national sample of hospitals. Univariate analyses demonstrate a statistically significant decline in capital expenditures in the years following the CPPS regulation without significant changes in relative aggregate operating expenses. These preliminary findings suggest that CPPS induces some cost-effective behavior by hospital managers. Ordinary least-squares (OLS) regressions indicate that capital expenditures before and after CPPS are differently affected by the changes in most explanatory variables. Further OLS regressions indicate that high-cost (low-cost) hospitals decrease (increase) capital expenditures following CPPS, once other factors are controlled for. Managerial accounting implications for hospitals include the effect of the regulation on capital budgeting decisions. Greater accounting disclosure may be necessary so that alternative modes of coping with the regulation can be discerned. Policymakers and regulators should also be aware that although reductions in capital expenditures may have favorable short-term effects of reducing health care costs, a potentially negative public health impact may result if capital expenditures continue to decrease.

Ran Barniv; Kreag Danvers; Joanne Healy

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Nonlinear Pricing in Energy and Environmental Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

aggregate amount of rebates. Column 4 shows the estimatedand the last column presents the rebate expenditure per kWhlarge-scale electricity rebate program that was implemented

Ito, Koichiro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Audit of controls over Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory subcontractor expenditures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In January 1989 the Department of Energy contracted with Universities Research Association, Inc. to design, construct, manage, operate, and maintain the Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory. Through Fiscal Year 1992, costs for subcontractor goods and services accounted for about 75 percent of the Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory expenditures. The Office of Inspector General evaluated the adequacy of controls in place to ensure that subcontractor costs were reasonable, as required by the contract. The following conclusions were drawn from the audit. The Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory did not consistently exercise prudent business judgment in making subcontractor expenditures. As a result, $60 million in expenditures already made and $128 million planned with commercial subcontractors were, in the authors opinion, unnecessary, excessive, or represented uncontrolled growth. The audit also found inadequate justifications, accountability, and cost controls over $143 million in expenditures made and $47 million planned with other Department of Energy laboratories. Improvements were needed in subcontract administration and internal controls, including appropriate audit coverage of the subcontracts. In addition, Department of Energy guidance concerning procurement actions between the laboratories needed to be established.

Not Available

1993-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

154

Green Pricing Program Marketing Expenditures: Finding the Right Balance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

449 449 September 2009 Green Pricing Program Marketing Expenditures: Finding the Right Balance Barry Friedman and Mackay Miller National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308 Technical Report NREL/TP-6A2-46449 September 2009 Green Pricing Program Marketing Expenditures: Finding the Right Balance Barry Friedman and Mackay Miller Prepared under Task No. SAO9.3003 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any

155

Refining building energy modeling through aggregate analysis and probabilistic methods associated with occupant presence.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The building sector represents the largest energy consumer among the United States' end use sectors. As a result, the public and private sector will continue (more)

Stoppel, Christopher Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Eliminating Electricity Deficit through Energy Efficiency in India: An Evaluation of Aggregate Economic and Carbon Benefits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S. Das, (2006) Reducing Electricity Deficit through EnergyLV supply. Figure 12: Electricity Productivity (Commercialan interesting result. The electricity productivity in both

Sathaye, Jayant

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Aggregate model and analysis of the energy dynamics in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is facing a crisis in the near future centered on increasing energy consumption. Today, the kingdom consumes approximately 1/3 of its oil production. If no action is taken and the kingdom continues ...

Al-Ahmed, Khalid A. (Khalid Abdulrahim)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Collective coordinates for nuclear spectral densities in energy transfer and femtosecond spectroscopy of molecular aggregates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Collective coordinates for nuclear spectral densities in energy transfer and femtosecond collective nuclear coordinates necessary to represent a given set of spectral densities is obtained coordinates phase space. The signatures of excitonic and nuclear motions in ultrafast fluorescence

Mukamel, Shaul

159

EXPENDITURE OBJECT CODES Foundation FOUNDATION EXPENDITURE OBJECT CODES are used primarily by Accounting Services for Foundation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EXPENDITURE OBJECT CODES ­ Foundation 2-J page 1 FOUNDATION EXPENDITURE OBJECT CODES are used primarily by Accounting Services for Foundation transactions. 3080 Foundation Service Fee: Allocation of administrative costs to Foundation beneficiary departmental accounts. 3120 LSU Magazine Costs - Foundation

Harms, Kyle E.

160

Impact of solar-energy development: the aggregate impact on basic economic objectives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two categories of incentives for the development of solar energy are described: those that increase the benefits associated with the ownership of a solar energy system and those that reduce the cost of the system. The impact of two alternative (or complementary) programs are presented. The discussion distinguishes between short-run (one to five years) and long-run (over five years) impacts expected to result from the installation of passive solar designs on existing housing stock. Impacts associated with a program to deregulate natural gas and one combining tax credits and low interest loans are compared. The impacts of solar programs on seven basic economic goals are analyzed. The goals are full employment, price stability, economic efficiency, equitable distribution of income, economic growth, balancing the federal budget, and a strong national defense. (LEW)

Parker, A.; Kirschner, C.; Roach, F.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

CBECS 1992 - Consumption & Expenditures, Detailed Tables  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Detailed Tables Detailed Tables Detailed Tables Figure on Energy Consumption in Commercial Buildings by Energy Source, 1992 Divider Line The 49 tables present detailed energy consumption and expenditure data for buildings in the commercial sector. This section provides assistance in reading the tables by explaining some of the headings for the data categories. It will also explain the use of row and column factors to compute both the confidence levels of the estimates given in the tables and the statistical significance of differences between the data in two or more categories. The section concludes with a "Quick-Reference Guide" to the statistics in the different tables. Categories of Data in the Tables After Table 3.1, which is a summary table, the tables are grouped into the major fuel tables (Tables 3.2 through 3.13) and the specific fuel tables (Tables 3.14 through 3.29 for electricity, Tables 3.30 through 3.40 for natural gas, Tables 3.41 through 3.45 for fuel oil, and Tables 3.46 through 3.47 for district heat). Table 3.48 presents energy management and DSM data as reported by the building respondent. Table 3.49 presents data on participation in electric utility-sponsored DSM programs as reported by both the building respondent and the electricity supplier.

162

Chapter 9 - CAPEX and OPEX Expenditures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter is dedicated to expenditures related to all investments that are made in advance and the operational expenses that will occur from the start up of production onward.

Luiz Amado

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Annual Capital Expenditures Survey | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Annual Capital Expenditures Survey Annual Capital Expenditures Survey BusinessUSA Data/Tools Apps Challenges Let's Talk BusinessUSA You are here Data.gov » Communities » BusinessUSA » Data Annual Capital Expenditures Survey Dataset Summary Description Provides national estimates of investment in new and used buildings and other structures, machinery, and equipment by U.S. nonfarm businesses with and without employees. Data are published by industry for companies with employees for NAICS 3-digit and selected 4-digit industries. Data on the amount of business expenditures for new plant and equipment and measures of the stock of existing facilities are critical to evaluate productivity growth, the ability of U.S. business to compete with foreign business, changes in industrial capacity, and measures of overall economic performance. In addition, ACES data provide industry analysts with capital expenditure data for market analysis, economic forecasting, identifying business opportunities and developing new and strategic plans. The ACES is an integral part of the Federal Government's effort to improve and supplement ongoing statistical programs. Private companies and organizations,, educators and students, and economic researchers use the survey results for analyzing and conducting impact evaluations on past and current economic performance, short-term economic forecasts, productivity, long-term economic growth, tax policy, capacity utilization, business fixed capital stocks and capital formation, domestic and international competitiveness trade policy, market research, and financial analysis.

164

An investigation of regulatory and voluntary environmental capital expenditures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigates the firm-specific economic consequences of regulatory and voluntary environmental capital expenditures. Using firm-level environmental data, I decompose total environmental capital expenditures into estimates of regulatory and voluntary components. I then examine the relations of regulatory and voluntary environmental capital outlays with future abnormal earnings, stock prices, and stock returns. As predicted, the empirical analysis reveals that regulatory environmental capital expenditures are negatively associated with future abnormal earnings. Moreover, market-based tests indicate that the regulatory component of environmental capital expenditures is negatively priced. Finally, the results suggest that voluntary environmental capital expenditures and regulatory environmental capital expenditures have different firm-specific economic consequences.

Derek Johnston

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Capital expenditure decision making in small firms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A number of studies have been conducted to determine the extent to which large firms utilize sophisticated techniques in capital expenditure decision making. This research effort focuses on financial decision making procedures of small firms, exploring the techniques utilized to evaluate investment opportunities, methods employed to adjust for risk, purposes of expenditures and concern for profitability, and the source and cost of funds. In light of the recent debate on the capital shortage issue, small firms were also asked what type of tax reform they deemed most desirable to stimulate capital investments.

L.R. Runyon

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Fact #748: October 8, 2012 Components of Household Expenditures...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

but then declined until about 2004 when gasoline and motor oil expenditures began to rise again. The share of household expenditures on gasoline and oil was exactly the same...

167

Government Expenditure on Scientific Research, 1961  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... year is mainly concerned with assisting industry to apply the results of research, records gross expenditure in the year ended March 31, 1961, of 14,467,278, compared with ... the Research Grants Committee considered 447 applications for grants, other than those for very expensive capital projects, with a total value of 3,156,000, compared with 422 valued ...

1962-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

168

Expenditure on Research and Development in Britain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... annual report for 1961-62*, the Advisory Council on Scientific Policy again reviews the expenditure on scientific and technical research and development, which in 1961-62 is estimated at ... -7 per cent of the gross national product, of which about 67 million was capital ...

1963-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

169

OUTDOOR RECREATION DEMAND AND EXPENDITURES: LOWER SNAKE RIVER RESERVOIRS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

i OUTDOOR RECREATION DEMAND AND EXPENDITURES: LOWER SNAKE RIVER RESERVOIRS John R. Mc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v SECTION ONE - OUTDOOR RECREATION DEMAND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Recreation Demand Methods

O'Laughlin, Jay

170

Simulating Progressive Expenditure Taxation in an Aging Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter investigates the effects of tax reform from progressive labor income taxation toward progressive expenditure taxation, on capital accumulation, and intragenerational income redistribution. The ... th...

Akira Okamoto Ph.D.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Poster Abstract: Exposing Two Critical Myths about Correlation Aware Data Aggregation I. CORRELATION AWARE DATA GATHERING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

aware aggregation trees (CAATs). In this paper, we study the energy efficiency of CAATs from a new energy-delay tradeoff from the perspective of aggregation tree structures. Intuitively, with a higher ap, thereby resulting in an aggregation tree with lower energy cost. Therefore, the energy improvement tends

Sivakumar, Raghupathy

172

How Much Do You Spend on Energy? | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Click on a state Energy Expenditure 3724 per person in 2012 Transportation Residential Data: EIA State Energy Data System View All Maps Addthis...

173

Energy-efficient control in injection molding.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??As an energy-intensive process, in injection molding, energy cost is one of the major cost components. The energy expenditure during molding can be divided into (more)

Yao, Ke

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

CORPORATE DISCLOSURE OF ENVIRONMENTAL CAPITAL EXPENDITURES: A TEST OF ALTERNATIVE THEORIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CORPORATE DISCLOSURE OF ENVIRONMENTAL CAPITAL EXPENDITURES: A TEST OF ALTERNATIVE THEORIES Charles capital expenditure; environmental disclosure; environmental regulation; legitimacy theory; materiality DISCLOSURE OF ENVIRONMENTAL CAPITAL EXPENDITURES: A TEST OF ALTERNATIVE THEORIES Introduction The United

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

175

Fourth Annual Report to the Northwest Governors on Expenditures of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S.ArmyCorpsofEngineers #12;Fourth Annual Report on Expenditures of the Bonneville Power Administration 1 For Fiscal Year 2003 in this report were supplied by the Bonneville Power Administration at the Council's request and were Report on Expenditures of the Bonneville Power Administration 3 Background In July 1999, the governors o

176

Capital Expenditures, Financial Constraints, and the Use of Options  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Capital Expenditures, Financial Constraints, and the Use of Options Tim Adam RMI Working Paper No@nus.edu.sg 1 #12;Capital Expenditures, Financial Constraints, and the Use of Options Abstract This paper of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of NUS Risk Management Institute (RMI). #12;Capital

Chaudhuri, Sanjay

177

Expenditures on Children by Families | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Expenditures on Children by Families Expenditures on Children by Families Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data Expenditures on Children by Families Dataset Summary Description This dataset provides expenditures on Children by Families provides estimates of the cost of raising children from birth through age 17 for major budgetary components. Tags {children,families,expenditures,cost,budget,household,income,single-parent,husband-wife} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 2012 Publisher Food and Nutrition Service, Department of Agriculture Contact Name Contact Email Mark.Lino@cnpp.usda.gov

178

Minority energy assessment report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this research is to project household energy consumption, energy expenditure, and energy expenditure as share of income for five population groups from 1991 to 2009. The approach uses the Minority Energy Assessment Model (MEAM), developed by Argonne National Laboratory for the US Department of Energy's Office of Minority Economic Impact. The MEAM provides a framework that can be used to forecast regional energy consumption and energy expenditure for majority, black, Hispanic, poor, and nonpoor households. The forecasts of key macroeconomic and energy variables used as exogenous variables in the MEAM were obtained from the Data Resources, Inc., Macromodel and Energy Model. Generally, the projections of household energy consumption, expenditure, and energy expenditure as share of income vary across population groups and census regions.

Teotia, A.P.S.; Poyer, D.A.; Lampley, L.; Anderson, J.L.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Economic growth and alternative deficit-reducing tax increases and expenditure cuts: A cross-sectional study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Classifying government expenditures into capital and current expenditures renders the latter as the best type for implementing a reduction in expenditures. Deficit-reducing cuts in capital expenditures are concom...

Mohsen Fardmanesh

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Green Power Network: Community Choice Aggregation (CCA)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Community Choice Aggregation (CCA) Community Choice Aggregation (CCA) Community choice aggregation (CCA) is a state policy that enables local governments to aggregate electricity demand within their jurisdictions in order to procure alternative energy supplies while maintaining the existing electricity provider for transmission and distribution services. Many states passed CCA laws as part of electric restructuring legislation in the late 1990s and early 2000s. States that have passed CCA laws include California (2002), Illinois (2009), Massachusetts (1997), New Jersey (2003), Ohio (1999), and Rhode Island (1997). There are many reasons that a community may choose to develop a CCA, including the option to purchase more green power, reduce electricity cost, and provide power from more local sources.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Return on investment and corporate capital expenditures: Empirical evidence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is well known (e.g., Gordon 1996, Chapter 8) that maximizing a firm's ROI is not equivalent to maximizing the value of the firm. This fact notwithstanding, it is often claimed that many managers use ROI in making capital expenditure decisions. The purpose of our paper is to empirically examine this claim. The primary findings presented in this paper offer substantial evidence demonstrating the positive association between ROI and capital expenditures. The positive association between ROI and capital expenditures occurs even where the interests of owners and managers are apparently in conflict.

Lawrence A. Gordon; Raghavan J. Iyengar

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Investment opportunities and market reaction to capital expenditure decisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, we argue that share price reaction to a firm's capital expenditure decisions depends critically on the market's assessment of the quality of its investment opportunities. We postulate that announcements of increases (decreases) in capital expenditures positively (negatively) affect the stock prices of firms with valuable investment opportunities. Contrarily, we predict that announcements of increases (decreases) in capital spending negatively (positively) affect the share prices of firms without such opportunities. Our empirical results are generally consistent with these predictions. Overall, empirical evidence supports our conjecture that it is the quality of the firm's investment opportunities rather than its industry affiliation which determines the share price reaction to its capital expenditure decisions.

Kee H. Chung; Peter Wright; Charlie Charoenwong

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Basis for Contributions by New Members to Past Capital Expenditure - Draft Note by the UK Delegation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Basis for Contributions by New Members to Past Capital Expenditure - Draft Note by the UK Delegation

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Special Contribution by New Member States to Capital Expenditure Previously Incurred by the Organization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Special Contribution by New Member States to Capital Expenditure Previously Incurred by the Organization

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Special Contribution by New Member States to Capital Expenditure Previously Incurred by the Organization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Special Contribution by New Member States to Capital Expenditure Previously Incurred by the Organization

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Note on R&D expenditures and fixed capital formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we deal with the fixed capital nature of the means of production and ... . We argue that these R&D current expenditures typically have the nature of fixed investments. ... then present an empirical ...

Mario De Marchi; Maurizio Rocchi

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Energy Information Administration (EIA)- Commercial Buildings Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 CBECS Survey Data 2003 | 1999 | 1995 | 1992 | Previous 5 CBECS Survey Data 2003 | 1999 | 1995 | 1992 | Previous Building Characteristics Consumption & Expenditures Microdata Methodology Building Characteristics Data from the 1995 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) are presented in three groups of detailed tables: Buildings Characteristics Tables, number of buildings and amount of floorspace for major building characteristics. Energy Consumption and Expenditures Tables, energy consumption and expenditures for major energy sources. Energy End-Use Data, total, electricity and natural gas consumption and energy intensities for nine specific end-uses. All Principal Buildings Activities Number of Buildings, Total Floorspace, and Total Site and Primary Energy Consumption for All Principal Building Activities, 1995

188

Table A39. Total Expenditures for Purchased Electricity and Steam  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9. Total Expenditures for Purchased Electricity and Steam" 9. Total Expenditures for Purchased Electricity and Steam" " by Type of Supplier, Census Region, Census Division, and" " Economic Characteristics of the Establishment, 1994" " (Estimates in Million Dollars)" ," Electricity",," Steam" ,,,,,"RSE" ,"Utility","Nonutility","Utility","Nonutility","Row" "Economic Characteristics(a)","Supplier(b)","Supplier(c)","Supplier(b)","Supplier(c)","Factors" ,"Total United States" "RSE Column Factors:",0.3,2,1.6,1.2

189

Regional Comparisons, Spatial Aggregation,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regional Regional Comparisons, Spatial Aggregation, and Asymmetry of Price Pass-Through in U.S. Gasoline Markets MICHAEL YE*, JOHN ZYREN**, JOANNE SHORE**, AND MICHAEL BURDETTE** Abstract Spot to retail price pass-through behavior of the U.S. gasoline market was investigated at the national and regional levels, using weekly wholesale and retail motor gasoline prices from January 2000 to the present. Asymmetric pass-through was found across all regions, with faster pass-through when prices are rising. Pass-through patterns, in terms of speed and time for completion, were found to vary from region to region. Spatial aggregation was investigated at the national level and the East Coast with the aggregated cumulative pass-through being greater than the volume-weighted regional pass-through when spot prices increase. These results are useful to the petroleum industry, consumers,

190

Fluid membranes can drive linear aggregation of adsorbed spherical nanoparticles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using computer simulations we show that lipid membranes can mediate linear aggregation of spherical nanoparticles binding to it for a wide range of biologically relevant bending rigidities. This result is in net contrast with the isotropic aggregation of nanoparticles on fluid interfaces or the expected clustering of isotropic insertions in biological membranes. We present a phase diagram indicating where linear aggregation is expected, and compute explicitly the free energy barriers associated with linear and isotropic aggregation. Finally, we provide simple scaling arguments to explain this phenomenology.

Andela ari?; Angelo Cacciuto

2011-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

191

Summary of expenditures of rebates from the low-level radioactive waste surcharge escrow account for calendar year 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the seventh report submitted to Congress in accordance with section 5(d)(2)(E)(ii)(II) of Title I--Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985 (the Act). This section of the Act directs the Department of Energy (DOE) to summarize the annual expenditures of funds disbursed from the DOE surcharge escrow account and to assess compliance of these expenditures with the limitations specified in the Act. In addition to placing limitations on the use of these funds, the Act also requires the nonsited compact regions and nonmember States to provide DOE with an itemized report of their expenditures on December 31 of each year in which funds are expended. Within 6 months after receiving the individual reports, the Act requires the Secretary to furnish Congress with a summary of the reported expenditures and an assessment of compliance with the specified usage limitations. This report fulfills that requirement. DOE disbursed funds totaling $15,037,778.91 to the States and compact regions following the July 1, 1986, January 1, 1988, and January 1, 1990, milestones specified in the Act. Of this amount, $1,445,701.61 was expended during calendar year 1992 and $10,026,763.87 was expended during the prior 6 years. At the end of December 1992, $3,565,313.43 was unexpended. DOE has reviewed each of the reported expenditures and concluded that all reported expenditures comply with the spending limitations stated in section 5(d)(2)(E)(i) of the Act.

Not Available

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Does an R&D tax credit affect R&D expenditure? The Japanese R&D tax credit reform in 2003  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract To what extent does a tax credit affect firms R&D activity? What are the mechanisms? This paper examines the effect of R&D tax credits on firms R&D expenditure by exploiting the variation across firms in the changes in the eligible tax credit rate between 2000 and 2003. Estimating the first-difference equation of the linear R&D model by panel GMM, we find the estimated coefficient of an interaction term between the eligible tax credit rate and the debt-to-asset ratio is positive and significant, indicating that the effect of tax credit is significantly larger for firms with relatively large outstanding debts. Conducting counterfactual experiments, we found that the aggregate R&D expenditure in 2003 would have been lower by 3.03.4 percent if there had been no tax credit reform in 2003, where 0.30.6 percent is attributable to the effect of financial constraint, and that the aggregate R&D expenditure would have been larger by 3.13.9 percent if there had been no cap on the amount of tax credits, where 0.30.8 percent is attributable to relaxing the financial constraint of firms with outstanding debts.

Hiroyuki Kasahara; Katsumi Shimotsu; Michio Suzuki

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

EXPENDITURE OBJECT CODES Capital Outlays CAPITAL OUTLAYS are expenditures that result in acquisitions of, additions to, replacement of, or major repairs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EXPENDITURE OBJECT CODES ­ Capital Outlays 2-G page 1 CAPITAL OUTLAYS are expenditures that result and other purchase-related costs. #12;EXPENDITURE OBJECT CODES ­ Capital Outlays 2-G page 2 7300 and future fiscal periods. These objects are not to include cost of service contracts. 7100 Capital Outlays

Harms, Kyle E.

194

200 North Aggregate Area source AAMS report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of an aggregate area management study (AAMS) for the 200 North Aggregate Area in the 200 Areas of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford Site in Washington State. This scoping level study provides the basis for initiating Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) activities under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) or Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Facility Investigations (RFI) and Corrective Measures Studies (CMS) under RCRA. This report also integrates select RCRA treatment, storage, or disposal (TSD) closure activities with CERCLA and RCRA past practice investigations.

Not Available

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey 2003 - Detailed Tables  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The tables contain information about energy consumption and expenditures in U.S. commercial buildings and information about energy-related characteristics of these buildings.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Minority energy assessment report. Fall 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this research is to project household energy consumption, energy expenditure, and energy expenditure as share of income for five population groups from 1991 to 2009. The approach uses the Minority Energy Assessment Model (MEAM), developed by Argonne National Laboratory for the US Department of Energy`s Office of Minority Economic Impact. The MEAM provides a framework that can be used to forecast regional energy consumption and energy expenditure for majority, black, Hispanic, poor, and nonpoor households. The forecasts of key macroeconomic and energy variables used as exogenous variables in the MEAM were obtained from the Data Resources, Inc., Macromodel and Energy Model. Generally, the projections of household energy consumption, expenditure, and energy expenditure as share of income vary across population groups and census regions.

Teotia, A.P.S.; Poyer, D.A.; Lampley, L.; Anderson, J.L.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Tethys: A Distributed Algorithm for Intelligent Aggregation in Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy than a naive, shortest-path tree due to the increased computation energy cost for performing.uiuc.edu, harris@dei.unipd.it, rhk@cs.uiuc.edu Abstract-- One key issue in wireless sensor networks is energy efficiency. Aggregation techniques attempt to minimize the energy expended in communication by processing

Kravets, Robin

198

Towards energy-efficient workload placement in Data Centers Rania Elnaggar (student & presenter) , Raj Yavatkar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; first, the cost of power, cooling and facilities provisioning in capital expenditure (CapEx); and second, the operational energy cost of powering servers, cooling and facilities equipment in operational expenditure (Op is proportional to average power. In our research we focus on improving operational energy expenditure and hence

Walpole, Jonathan

199

Court Committee Structure Capital Expenditure Committee is a "peer" committee sitting between Estates Committee, Finance Committee and Senior Management Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Court Committee Structure Capital Expenditure Committee is a "peer" committee sitting between Audit Committee Estates Committee Estates Management Committee Capital Expenditure Committee Finance Committee Capital Expenditure Committee Investment Advisory Committee Student Finance Subcommittee Health

Glasgow, University of

200

An intervention analysis for the relationship between capital expenditure decisions and the market value of firms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article is meant to explore the relationship between corporate capital expenditure decisions and the market value of firms ... . The article shows that deep cuts in capital expenditures may, for sink-hole ty...

Yang-Tzong Tsay; Ken Hung

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Nonlinear relationship between health care expenditure and its determinants: a panel smooth transition regression model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper employs a panel of 16 OECD countries over the period 19752009 to reexamine the health care expenditure (HCE)-income relationship by considering a lagged ratio of public expenditures on health as th...

Po-Chin Wu; Shiao-Yen Liu; Sheng-Chieh Pan

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Special Inquiry on the Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Information Technology Expenditures, OAS-RA-L-12-01  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Special Inquiry on the Office of the Special Inquiry on the Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Information Technology Expenditures OAS-RA-L-12-01 November 2011 Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 November 28, 2011 MEMORANDUM FOR THE DEPUTY SECRETARY FROM: Gregory H. Friedman Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Special Report on "Inquiry on the Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Information Technology Expenditures" INTRODUCTION The Office of the Chief Financial Officer (OCFO) is responsible for ensuring the effective management and financial integrity of Department of Energy programs, projects, and resources. To achieve its mission, the OCFO develops, implements, and monitors policies and systems related to areas such as budget administration, program analysis, and strategic planning. The

203

2012-13 Expenditures Req # Amount Category Vendor Detail  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

803472 $800 Food Costco Food, drink, paper COGS 802508 $891 Expense Advance Business Machines Service2012-13 Expenditures Req # Amount Category Vendor Detail SGA OFFICES COGS 801857 $800 Food Publix Food, drink, paper COGS 803830 $2,750 Expense Astro Tour Rental - Tour Bus COGS 803835 $650 Food Grammy

204

Expenditure by Colleges of Advanced Technology in Britain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... at the colleges of advanced technology to be 660,000. He estimated net recurrent expenditure after allowing for income receivable from fees and sources other than Ministry grant was ... receivable from fees and sources other than Ministry grant was 7,532,107, besides capital ...

1962-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

205

CREEL CENSUS AND EXPENDITURE STUDY, NORTH FORK SUN RIVER,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CREEL CENSUS AND EXPENDITURE STUDY, NORTH FORK SUN RIVER, MONTANA, 1951 Marine Biological STUDY, NORTH FORK SUN RIVER, MONTANA, 1951 Marine Biological Laboratory JUN16 1954 WOODS HOLE, MASS MAP CREEL CENSUS SUN RIVER MONTANA DRAWN i*^ ^ TRACED- _2£jLt:l SUBMITTED . 1 V N 01 1 VN ei

206

Annual Energy Review - financial indicators section  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Annual statistics on consumer energy prices and expenditures, fossil fuel production prices and value, and value of fossil fuel imports and exports back to 1949.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Grid Integration of Aggregated Demand Response, Part 1: Load Availability Profiles and Constraints for the Western Interconnection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is estimated. Keywords: Demand response, ancillary services,of Aggregated Demand Response, Part 1: Load Availabilityof Energy (DOE) Demand Response and Energy Storage

Olsen, Daniel J.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Power-aware MPI Task Aggregation Prediction for High-End Computing Systems Dimitrios S. Nikolopoulos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

across the cores of multiple nodes impacts both execution time and energy. Current job management systems solutions. Task aggregation significantly impacts energy consump- tion. A job uses fewer nodes with a higher the execution time and energy implications of task aggregation (i.e., grouping multiple tasks within the same

209

Energy content of spider eggs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy content of spider eggs was determined on samples ... stages within the egg sac. Rates of energy expenditure of developing eggs and spiderlings within ... 19% of those of emerged spiderlings. The energy

John F. Anderson

210

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

4 4 Cost of a Generic Quad Used in the Residential Sector ($2010 Billion) (1) Residential 1980 10.45 1981 11.20 1982 11.58 1983 11.85 1984 11.65 1985 11.43 1986 10.90 1987 10.55 1988 10.18 1989 9.98 1990 10.12 1991 9.94 1992 9.78 1993 9.77 1994 9.78 1995 9.44 1996 9.44 1997 9.59 1998 9.23 1999 8.97 2000 9.57 2001 10.24 2002 9.33 2003 10.00 2004 10.32 2005 11.10 2006 11.60 2007 11.61 2008 12.29 2009 11.65 2010 9.98 2011 9.99 2012 9.87 2013 9.77 2014 9.76 2015 9.88 2016 9.85 2017 9.83 2018 9.86 2019 9.88 2020 9.91 2021 10.00 2022 10.09 2023 10.11 2024 10.12 2025 10.09 2026 10.10 2027 10.13 2028 10.11 2029 10.06 2030 10.06 2031 10.13 2032 10.23 2033 10.34 2034 10.45 2035 10.57 Note(s): 1) See Table 1.5.1 for generic quad definition. This table provides the consumer cost of a generic quad in the buildings sector. Use this table to estimate the average consumer cost savings resulting from the savings of a generic (primary) quad in the buildings sector. 2) Price of

211

The Energy Expenditure of Rats Bearing Walker Carcinoma 256  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Calorimetrische Untersuchungen. Ztschr. f. Biol., 21:250 "884, 557 "410,1885. 6. . Die Quelle der thierischen Warme. Ibid., 30: 78 " 142, 1894. 7. SHERMAN, C. D., JR. ; MORTON, J. J. ; and Mmaa, G. B. Potential Sources of...

G. B. Mider; L. D. Fenninger; F. L. Haven; J. J. Morton

1951-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

ViziCal: Accurate Energy Expenditure Prediction for Playing Exergames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@cse.unr.edu Jeff Angermann2 jeff@medicine.unr.edu George Bebis1 bebis@cse.unr.edu Eelke Folmer1 efolmer to promote physical activity, fitness, and gross motor skill development [26]. As exergames typi- cally

Bebis, George

213

Partition of Energy Expenditure between Host and Tumor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...tumor growth. Daily food intake, water intake, evaporated water, urine weight, and fresh and...elevations attributable to spontaneous motor activity (24). The environmental...semisynthetic diet (22, 24) and water ad libitum. The calorimetric...

S. D. Morrison

1971-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Energy expenditures and carbon-dioxide emissions at blast furnaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermodynamic analysis of the reduction of iron and the material balances of carbon shows that the CO2 levels in the blast-furnace gas may be maintained by lowering the carbon consumption in the direct reduction ...

G. V. Korshikov; V. N. Titov; V. G. Mikhailov

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Energy Conservation Management Can Pay For Itself  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With proper management of energy conservation programs, any structure can be energy efficient. And this energy efficiency need not require great expenditures. A 'systems approach' to energy management identifies a series of activities which...

McCall, R.; Bickle, L.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

A bottom-up engineering estimate of the aggregate heating and cooling loads of the entire U.S. building stock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the amount of commercial building energy usage, particularlycommercial building sector. To compare the aggregated energy usagecommercial buildings. For the residential sector, the total heating and cooling energy usages

Huang, Yu Joe; Brodrick, Jim

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Residential Solar Tax Credit | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Solar Tax Credit Solar Tax Credit Residential Solar Tax Credit < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Maximum Rebate 5,000 for solar-energy systems Program Info Start Date 01/01/1998 (solar electric); 01/01/2006 (solar thermal) State New York Program Type Personal Tax Credit Rebate Amount 25% for solar-electric (PV) and solar-thermal systems; for third-party owned systems this is in reference to the aggregate amount owed under the contract rather than the amount owed in any single year Provider New York State Department of Taxation and Finance Enacted in August 1997, this personal income tax credit originally applied to expenditures on solar-electric (PV) equipment used on residential

218

Social network effects on information aggregation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we investigated how sociometric information can be used to improve different methods of aggregating dispersed information. We specifically compared four different approaches of information aggregation: ...

Mulanda, Chilongo D

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Direct Observation of Aggregative Nanoparticle Growth: Kinetic...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Aggregative Nanoparticle Growth: Kinetic Modeling of the Size Distribution and Growth Rate. Direct Observation of Aggregative Nanoparticle Growth: Kinetic Modeling of the Size...

220

New indicators linking patenting and business R&D expenditure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper presents a new national level indicator based on shares of OECD aggregate external patent applications world-wide. It provides the first reliable trend data for patent applications since new patent ap...

Luciano Lombardo

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Summary of expenditures of rebates from the DOE low-level radioactive waste surcharge escrow account for calendar year 1986  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985, Public Law 99-240, requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to manage an escrow account creatd by collection of 25% of the non-penalty surcharge fees paid by the generators in non-sited regions and nonmember states to sited states for disposal of low-level radioactive waste. For the milestone period ending June 30, 1986, a total of $921,807.84, representing surcharge fees collected and interest earned, was in escrow during 1986 for rebate to the nonmember states, non-sited compact regions, and sited states. As of December 31, 1986, $802,194.54 had been rebated from the Escrow Account with an additional $118,517.62 scheduled for rebate in early 1987. The remaining rebate to be disbursed under this milestone is $1,095.68 for the state of Delaware. At the request of the state of Delaware, this rebate amount is being held in the Escrow Account until the state provides specific instructions for its disbursement. Individual rebate expenditure reports were submitted to DOE by all the non-sited compact regions and nonmember states that received rebates in 1986. Only $14.00 of these rebates were expended in 1986. DOE reviewed all of these reports and concluded that the single expenditure complies with the expenditure limitations stated in the Act.

Not Available

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Summary of expenditures of rebates from the low-level radioactive waste surcharge escrow account for calendar year 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is submitted in response to Title 1 of the 1980 Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act, as amended, (the Act). The report summarizes expenditures made by compact regions and unaffiliated states during calendar year 1995 of surcharge rebates from the July 1, 1986, January 1, 1988, and January 1, 1990, milestones, and the January 1, 1993, deadline. Section 5(d)(2)(A) of the Act requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to administer a surcharge escrow account. This account consists of a portion of the surcharge fees paid by generators of low-level radioactive waste in nonsited compact regions (compact regions currently without disposal sites) and nonmember states (states without disposal sites that are not members of compact regions) to the three sited states (states with operating disposal facilities--Nevada, South Carolina, and Washington) for the use of facilities in sited states through the end of 1992. In administering the surcharge escrow account, the Act requires DOE to: (1) Invest the funds in interest-bearing United States Government securities with the highest available yield; (2) Determine eligibility for rebates of the funds by evaluating compact region and state progress toward developing new disposal sites against the milestone requirements set forth in the Act; (3) Disburse the collected rebates and accrued interest to eligible compact regions, states, or generators; (4) Assess compliance of rebate expenditures in accordance with the conditions and limitations prescribed in the Act; and (5) Submit a report annually to Congress summarizing rebate expenditures by state and compact region and assessing the compliance of each such state or compact region with the requirement for expenditure of the rebates as provided in section 5(d)(2)(E) of the Act.

NONE

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

1999 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey Detailed Tables  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Consumption and Expenditures Tables Table C1. Total Energy Consumption by Major Fuel ............................................... 124 Table C2. Total Energy Expenditures by Major Fuel................................................ 130 Table C3. Consumption for Sum of Major Fuels ...................................................... 135 Table C4. Expenditures for Sum of Major Fuels....................................................... 140 Table C5. Consumption and Gross Energy Intensity by Census Region for Sum of Major Fuels................................................................................................... 145 Table C6. Expenditures by Census Region for Sum of Major Fuels......................... 150 Table C7. Consumption and Gross Energy Intensity by Building Size for Sum of

224

State Clean Energy Policies Analysis: State, Utility, and Municipal...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Purchasing or installing a clean energy system outright requires a large initial expenditure. High initial costs are often prohibitive for a consumer interested in...

225

International Review of the Development and Implementation of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

service industries, energy suppliers and the economy inrental agents and energy suppliers. The data is aggregated

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

978-3-901882-56-2 c 2013 IFIP Energy Considerations in EoS-over-WDM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consumption and capital expenditure. We then propose an exact integer linear program to minimize either cost configurations. Our results for a realistic network show that capital expenditure optimization would result the energy efficiency (or capital expenditure efficiency) of the metro optical network, based on the Ethernet

Kuipers, Fernando A.

227

AIDA: Adaptive Application Independent Data Aggregation in Wireless Sensor Networks1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

aggregation, sensor networks, adaptive algorithms, feedback control, energy conservation, congestion control such as small instruction and data memory, constrained energy resources, short communication radii, and a low paradigm in distributed wireless communication technology, have been proposed for various applications

Stankovic, John A.

228

Table 5.17. U.S. Number of Households by Vehicle Fuel Expenditures...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

5.17. U.S. Number of Households by Vehicle Fuel Expenditures, 1994 (Continued) (Million Households) 1993 Household and 1994 Vehicle Characteristics RSE Column Factor: All...

229

Market reaction to capital expenditures of powerful CEOs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is controversial whether governance structure affects the value of the firm. This paper examines the sensitivity of firm value to capital expenditure under various levels of CEO power. The paper uses two measures of CEO power and finds that the greater the power of the CEO the less the increase in market value for a given increase in capital spending. The results are robust to the inclusion of firm and governance characteristics and indicate that the market is weary of investment decisions made by powerful CEOs.

Anwar Boumosleh; Elias Raad

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Frequency Factors in a Landscape Model of Filamentous Protein Aggregation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using quantitative measurements of protein aggregation rates, we develop a kinetic picture of protein conversion from a soluble to a fibrillar state which shows that a single free energy barrier to aggregation controls the addition of protein molecules into amyloid fibrils, while the characteristic sublinear concentration dependence emerges as a natural consequence of finite diffusion times. These findings suggest that this reaction does not follow a simple chemical mechanism, but rather operates in a way analogous to the landscape models of protein folding defined by stochastic dynamics on a characteristic energy surface.

Alexander K. Buell; Jamie R. Blundell; Christopher M. Dobson; Mark E. Welland; Eugene M. Terentjev; Tuomas P. J. Knowles

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Residential Energy Consumption Survey Results: Total Energy Consumption,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Survey Results: Total Energy Consumption, Survey Results: Total Energy Consumption, Expenditures, and Intensities (2005) Dataset Summary Description The Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) is a national survey that collects residential energy-related data. The 2005 survey collected data from 4,381 households in housing units statistically selected to represent the 111.1 million housing units in the U.S. Data were obtained from residential energy suppliers for each unit in the sample to produce the Consumption & Expenditures data. The Consumption & Expenditures and Intensities data is divided into two parts: Part 1 provides energy consumption and expenditures by census region, population density, climate zone, type of housing unit, year of construction and ownership status; Part 2 provides the same data according to household size, income category, race and age. The next update to the RECS survey (2009 data) will be available in 2011.

232

E-Span and LPT for data aggregation in wireless sensor networks Weinan Marc Lee *, Vincent W.S. Wong  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cost and improves energy efficiency. In this paper, we propose two different tree structures to facilitate data aggregation. We first propose E-Span, which is an energy-aware spanning tree algorithm. In E energy are chosen as the aggregating parents. LPT also includes a self-healing feature by which the tree

Wong, Vincent

233

Effect of local government expenditure on the ratio of output to capital: Evidence from panel data at Chinas provincial level  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper divides the expenditure of local government into the productive and nonproductive expenditure for revealing the effect of local governments expenditure on output-capital efficiency through model and e...

Tao Jin; Jianhui Zhang

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Fact #638: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car Declines in Relation to Family Earnings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Although the average expenditure for a new car has increased from 1967 to 2009, family earnings have also been on the rise. For this period, new car expenditures went from $3,216 to $23,186, while...

235

Energy Information Administration (EIA)- Commercial Buildings Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 CBECS Survey Data 2003 | 1999 | 1995 | 1992 | Previous 2 CBECS Survey Data 2003 | 1999 | 1995 | 1992 | Previous Building Characteristics Consumption & Expenditures Microdata Methodology Building Characteristics Data from the 1992 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) are presented in three groups of detailed tables: Buildings characteristics tables-number of buildings and amount of floorspace for major building characteristics. Energy consumption and expenditures tables-energy consumption and expenditures for major energy sources. Energy end-use tables-total, electricity and natural gas consumption and energy intensities for nine specific end-uses. Guide to the 1992 CBECS Detailed Tables Released: Nov 1999 Column Categories Row Categories The first set of detailed tables for the 1992 CBECS, Tables A1 through A70,

236

Essays on aggregate and individual consumption fluctuations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis consists of three essays on aggregate and individual consumption fluctuations. Chapter 1 develops a quantitative model to explore aggregate and individual consumption dynamics when the income process exhibits ...

Hwang, Youngjin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Slide24 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

(related to national energy R&D expenditures relative to other member countries). * Contracting party has right to determine ETDEWEB access policies and any fees within its...

238

AUTHORIZING THE ISSUANCE AND SALE OF CAPITAL PROJECTS GENERAL OBLIGATION BONDS TO MAKE CAPITAL EXPENDITURES FOR SENIOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AUTHORIZING THE ISSUANCE AND SALE OF CAPITAL PROJECTS GENERAL OBLIGATION BONDS TO MAKE CAPITAL EXPENDITURES.--For the purpose of providing funds for capital expenditures as authorized in the 2014 Capital Projects General Capital Projects General Obligation Bond Act. SECTION 4. EXPENDITURES.--The proceeds from the sale of #12

Johnson, Eric E.

239

Effects of Energy Conservation in Residential and Commercial Buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...percent per year. The cumulative direct energy saving...users. Present worth of cumulative (1977-2000) expenditures...145 340 350 425 *Cumulative expenditures represent...15). 1) Energy production and delivery re-quire...and distillate fuel oil) to a customer consume...

Eric Hirst; Bruce Hannon

1979-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

240

The Weak Aggregating Algorithm and Weak Mixability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Weak Aggregating Algorithm that covers unbounded games is also described. #12; CONTENTS 2 Contents 1The Weak Aggregating Algorithm and Weak Mixability Yuri Kalnishkan Michael V. Vyugin 1 fyura the Weak Aggregating Algorithm that allows us to obtain additive terms of the form C p n. A modification

Kalnishkan, Yuri

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

SIA: Secure information aggregation in sensor networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In sensor networks, data aggregation is a vital primitive enabling efficient data queries. An on-site aggregator device collects data from sensor nodes and produces a condensed summary which is forwarded to the off-site querier, thus reducing the communication ... Keywords: Sensor networks, approximate interactive proofs, information aggregation, security

Haowen Chan; Adrian Perrig; Bartosz Przydatek; Dawn Song

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Energy Metabolism and Requirements in the Cancer Patient  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...view. Finally, resting energy metabolism per unit of body weight declines...syn thesis expressed per unit of resting energy metabolism. These observations...upon modern methods for measurement of whole-body energy expenditure in human subjects...

Vernon R. Young

1977-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Allocating energy in a first-to-n match  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......expenditure. The modelling of energy replenishment during the match...deal with a limited supply of energy. R EFERENCES BLACKWELL,D...Games and Statistical Decisions.New York: Wiley. ALLOCATING ENERGY IN A FIRST-TOn MATCH 37 GAESSER......

Jack Brimberg; W. J. Hurley; D. U. Lior

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Wind speed equalization-based incoming wind classification by aggregating DFIGs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the development of wind energy, it is necessary to develop equivalent models to represent dynamic behaviors of wind farms in power systems. The equivalent wind method is investigated for the aggregation o...

Zhaojun Meng; Feng Xue; Xueming Li

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Development of a general model of aggregate rebound for dry-mix shotcrete(Part II)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A mechanical model previously developed is briefly described and linked to particle velocity versus size relationships experimentally obtained, allowing prediction of the energy of rebound of an aggregate particl...

Hugo S. Armelin Ph.D. Candidate; Professor Nemkumar Banthia

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

energy prices | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

prices prices Dataset Summary Description The State Energy Data System (SEDS) is compiled by the U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA); it is a comprehensive database of energy statistics by state (and includes totals for the entire US). SEDS includes estimates of energy production, consumption, prices, and expenditures broken down by energy source and sector. Annual estimates are available from 1960 - 2009 for production and consumption estimates and from 1970 - 2009 for price and expenditure estimates. Source EIA Date Released June 30th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords EIA Energy Consumption Energy Expenditures energy prices energy production SEDS State energy data States US Data text/csv icon Complete SEDS dataset as csv (may be too big for Excel) (csv, 40.6 MiB)

247

Energy-Aware Manufacturing Using Information Technology Tools: A Knowledge Based System Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This manuscript discusses the implementation of information technology tools; specifically, computerized Knowledge Based Systems (KBS), in managing the energy flows, conversions, and expenditures within manufacturing environments; including renewable ... Keywords: Energy Auditing, Energy Management, Energy Optimization, Knowledge Based Systems, Sustainable Manufacturing

Mohammed A. Omar, Ahmad Mayyas, Qilun Zhou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Effects of Physical Activity and Restricted Energy Intake on Chemically Induced Mammary Carcinogenesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Effects of Physical Activity and Restricted Energy Intake on Chemically Induced Mammary Carcinogenesis...little attention has been given to whether energy balance directed interventions designed to regulate body weight by increasing energy expenditure versus reducing energy intake...

Weiqin Jiang; Zongjian Zhu; Henry J. Thompson

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

The impact of ageing on health care expenditures: a study of steepening  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Some researchers claim that health care expenditures for older people are growing faster than for the rest of the population. This process is referred to as steepening. The aim of this paper is to test steepening

Fredrik Alexander Gregersen

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Manager Power and Decision of Capital Expenditure: Empirical Research from Chinas Securities Market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Manager power in the firm is so strength that weakens the effect of incentive pay, and always brings out various negative consequences. So the actual capital expenditure, which could be the engine of firm ... pap...

Jing Xu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Fact #748: October 8, 2012 Components of Household Expenditures on Transportation, 1984-2010  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The overall share of annual household expenditures for transportation was lower in 2010 than it was in 1984, reaching its lowest point in 2009 at 15.5%. In the early to mid-1980s when oil prices...

252

Evidence on the Usefulness of Capital Expenditures as an Alternative Measure of Depreciation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Investment professionals often suggest that accounting earnings is a more useful indicator of share value if adjusted by substituting current capital expenditures for reported depreciation. We investigate the use...

Dennis Chambers; Ross Jennings; Robert B. Thompson II

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Fact #747: October 1, 2012 Behind Housing, Transportation is the Top Household Expenditure  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Except for housing, transportation was the largest single expenditure for the average American household in 2010. The average household spends more on transportation in a year than on food. Vehicle...

254

EnvironmentalManagementExpenditures: AssessingtheFinancialReturnsfromStructuralandInfrastructuralInvestments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and inventory metrics. Key Words: sustainable development, environmental management practices, pollution;2 compliance within a region or industry (Hahn, 2000). In addition, the nature and form of environmentalEnvironmentalManagementExpenditures: Assessingthe

Edwards, Paul N.

255

Analysis of dynamics of public and private expenditures on health care and education in contemporary Russia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper provides an estimate of the dynamics in expenditures on health care and education made from all sources in Russia in the 19952012 and viewed as investments in human capital. These data from Russia ...

V. N. Ivanov; A. V. Suvorov; E. E. Balashova

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Note on gross capital formation and R&D expenditure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Companies often consider the cost of R&D projects (especially salaries paid to R&D personnel) as part of their current expenses. Companies continue to do this practice even without exactly specifying what they mean by R&D project costs. This practice is misleading because spending on research is undeniably a form of fixed capital investment, even more so than the item that economists consider as the epitome of fixed capital investment ?? purchase of machinery. The dynamics of the possible relationship between investment in research and investment in machinery is that during times of economic expansion, firms tend to increase their investment in research to come up with product innovations capable of exploiting increasing effectual demand. Over time, this investment results in the emergence of the direct relationship between expense on industrial R&D and the business cycle. We tested this hypothesis both in Italy and in the USA. Our experiments are based on OECD statistics, referring to R&D spending from 1987 to 1999, and on the magnitude 'Gross Capital Formation' in the manufacturing industry. We chose to represent our conjecture about a causal relationship between investment cycle and R&D expenditure econometrically.

Mario De Marchi; Maurizio Rocchi

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Chapter 17 - Expenditure Incidence and Economy-Wide Incidence Studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Chapter 17 has two distinct sets of topics. The first part offers an analysis of expenditure incidence that covers the incidence of transfer payments, decreasing cost services, and nonexclusive goods. The second part discusses economy-wide incidence studies. Highlighted are the Pechman and Okner sources and uses approach to tax incidence, computable general equilibrium models (briefly), the Auerbach and Kotlikoff analysis of tax incidence in a dynamic setting using an OLG model, and the Fullerton and Rodgers model of lifetime tax incidence. The Appendix to Chapter 17 on tax reform considers four broad-based tax reform proposals that are common in the economics literature, bringing together some theoretical results from previous chapters and then turning to other issues that are not discussed elsewhere in the text. These include whether income from capital should be taxed, Michael Kremer's call for aged-based marginal tax rates, and the general problem of commitment or time-inconsistency in second-best analysis with imperfect information.

Richard W. Tresch

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Table N11.4. Expenditures for Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam, 19  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4. Expenditures for Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam, 1998;" 4. Expenditures for Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam, 1998;" " Level: National Data and Regional Totals; " " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Supplier Sources of Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam;" " Unit: Million U.S. Dollars." ,,,"Electricity","Components",,"Natural Gas","Components",,"Steam","Components" " "," ",,,"Electricity",,,"Natural Gas",,,"Steam"," ",," " " "," ",,"Electricity","from Sources",,"Natural Gas","from Sources",,"Steam","from Sources","RSE"

259

"Table A38. Total Expenditures for Purchased Electricity, Steam, and Natural Gas"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8. Total Expenditures for Purchased Electricity, Steam, and Natural Gas" 8. Total Expenditures for Purchased Electricity, Steam, and Natural Gas" " by Type of Supplier, Census Region, Census Division, Industry Group," " and Selected Industries, 1994" " (Estimates in Million Dollars)" ,," Electricity",," Steam" ,,,,,,"RSE" "SIC",,"Utility","Nonutility","Utility","Nonutility","Row" "Code(a)","Industry Group and Industry","Supplier(b)","Supplier(c)","Supplier(b)","Supplier(c)","Factors" ,,"Total United States"

260

Table 7.10 Expenditures for Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam, 2002  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Expenditures for Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam, 2002;" 0 Expenditures for Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Supplier Sources of Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam;" " Unit: Million U.S. Dollars." ,,,"Electricity","Components",,"Natural Gas","Components",,"Steam","Components" " "," ",,,"Electricity",,,"Natural Gas",,,"Steam"," ",," " " "," ",,"Electricity","from Sources",,"Natural Gas","from Sources",,"Steam","from Sources","RSE"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

"Table A46. Total Expenditures for Purchased Electricity, Steam, and Natural"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6. Total Expenditures for Purchased Electricity, Steam, and Natural" 6. Total Expenditures for Purchased Electricity, Steam, and Natural" " Gas by Type of Supplier, Census Region, Industry Group, and Selected Industries," 1991 " (Estimates in Million Dollars)" ,," Electricity",," Steam",," Natural Gas" ,,"-","-----------","-","-----------","-","------------","-","RSE" "SIC",,"Utility","Nonutility","Utility","Nonutility","Utility","Transmission","Other","Row" "Code(a)","Industry Groups and Industry","Supplier(b)","Supplier(c)","Supplier(b)","Supplier(c)","Supplier(b)","Pipelines","Supplier(d)","Factors"

262

"Table A48. Total Expenditures for Purchased Electricity, Steam, and Natural"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8. Total Expenditures for Purchased Electricity, Steam, and Natural" 8. Total Expenditures for Purchased Electricity, Steam, and Natural" " Gas by Type of Supplier, Census Region, and Economic Characteristics of the" " Establishment, 1991" " (Estimates in Million Dollars)" ," Electricity",," Steam",," Natural Gas" ,"-","-----------","-","-----------","-","------------","-----------","RSE" " ","Utility","Nonutility","Utility","Nonutility","Utility","Transmission","Other","Row" "Economic Characteristics(a)","Supplier(b)","Supplier(c)","Supplier(b)","Supplier(c)","Supplier(b)","Pipelines","Supplier(d)","Factors"," "

263

Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - January 2005  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

January 2005 January 2005 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook January 2005 Winter Fuels Update (Figure 1) Consumer prices for heating fuels are relatively unchanged since the December Outlook, leaving projections for household heating fuel expenditures about the same as previously projected, despite continued warm weather in the middle of the heating season. Heating oil expenditures by typical Northeastern households are expected to average 30 percent above last winter's levels, with residential fuel oil prices averaging $1.82 per gallon for the October-to-March period. Expenditures for propane-heated households are expected to increase about 20 percent this winter.

264

Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - February 2005  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

February 2005 February 2005 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook February 2005 Winter Fuels Update (Figure 1) Despite some cold weather during the second half of January, expected average consumer prices for heating fuels this heating season are little changed since the January Outlook, leaving projections for household heating fuel expenditures about the same as previously reported. Heating oil expenditures by typical Northeastern households are expected to average 32 percent above last winter's levels, with residential fuel oil prices averaging $1.82 per gallon for the October-to-March period. Expenditures for propane-heated households are expected to increase about

265

COMMERCIAL DEMONSTRATION OF THE MANUFACTURED AGGREGATE PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY UTILIZING SPRAY DRYER ASH  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Universal Aggregates, LLC proposes to design, construct and operate a lightweight aggregate manufacturing plant at the Birchwood Power Facility in King George, Virginia. The installation and start-up expenses for the Birchwood Aggregate Facility are $19.5 million. The DOE share is $7.2 million (37%) and the Universal Aggregates share is $12.3 (63%). The project team consists of CONSOL Energy Inc., P.J. Dick, Inc., SynAggs, LLC, and Universal Aggregates, LLC. The Birchwood Facility will transform 115,000 tons per year of spray dryer by-products that are currently being disposed of in an offsite landfill into 167,000 tons of a useful product, lightweight aggregates that can be used to manufacture lightweight aggregates that can be used to manufacture lightweight and medium weight masonry blocks. In addition to the environmental benefits, the Birchwood Facility will create nine (9) manufacturing jobs plus additional employment in the local trucking industry to deliver the aggregate to customers or reagents to the facility. A successful demonstration would lead to additional lightweight aggregate manufacturing facilities in the United States. There are currently twenty-one (21) spray dryer facilities operating in the United States that produce an adequate amount of spray dryer by-product to economically justify the installation of a lightweight aggregate manufacturing facility. Industry sources believe that as additional scrubbing is required, dry FGD technologies will be the technology of choice. Letters from potential lightweight aggregate customers indicate that there is a market for the product once the commercialization barriers are eliminated by this demonstration project.

Roy Scandrol

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

COMMERCIAL DEMONSTRATION OF THE MANUFACTURED AGGREGATE PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY UTILIZING SPRAY DRYER ASH  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Universal Aggregates, LLC proposes to design, construct and operate a lightweight aggregate manufacturing plant at the Birchwood Power Facility in King George, Virginia. The installation and start-up expenses for the Birchwood Aggregate Facility are $19.5 million. The DOE share is $7.2 million (37%) and the Universal Aggregates share is $12.3 (63%). The project team consists of CONSOL Energy Inc., P.J. Dick, Inc., SynAggs, LLC, and Universal Aggregates, LLC. The Birchwood Facility will transform 115,000 tons per year of spray dryer by-products that are currently being disposed of in an offsite landfill into 167,000 tons of a useful product, lightweight aggregates that can be used to manufacture lightweight aggregates that can be used to manufacture lightweight and medium weight masonry blocks. In addition to the environmental benefits, the Birchwood Facility will create eight (8) manufacturing jobs plus additional employment in the local trucking industry to deliver the aggregate to customers or reagents to the facility. A successful demonstration would lead to additional lightweight aggregate manufacturing facilities in the United States. There are currently twenty-one (21) spray dryer facilities operating in the United States that produce an adequate amount of spray dryer by-product to economically justify the installation of a lightweight aggregate manufacturing facility. Industry sources believe that as additional scrubbing is required, dry flue gas desulfurization (FGD) technologies will be the technology of choice. Letters from potential lightweight aggregate customers indicate that there is a market for the product once the commercialization barriers are eliminated by this demonstration project.

Roy Scandrol

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Arnold Schwarzenegger COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/Agricultural/Water End-Use Energy Efficiency Natural Gas Renewable Energy Technologies Transportation Community Choice&D program areas: Buildings End-Use Energy Efficiency Climate Change Energy Innovations Small Grants Energy-Related Environmental Research Energy Systems Integration Environmentally Preferred Advanced Generation Industrial

268

Fracture model for cemented aggregates  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

A mechanisms-based fracture model applicable to a broad class of cemented aggregates and, among them, plastic-bonded explosive (PBX) composites, is presented. The model is calibrated for PBX 9502 using the available experimental data under uniaxial compression and tension gathered at various strain rates and temperatures. We show that the model correctly captures inelastic stress-strain responses prior to the load peak and it predicts the post-critical macro-fracture processes, which result from the growth and coalescence of micro-cracks. In our approach, the fracture zone is embedded into elastic matrix and effectively weakens the material's strength along the plane of the dominant fracture.

Zubelewicz, Aleksander; Thompson, Darla G.; Ostoja-Starzewski, Martin; Ionita, Axinte; Shunk, Devin; Lewis, Matthew W.; Lawson, Joe C.; Kale, Sohan; Koric, Seid

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Nanoarchitectonics of Molecular Aggregates: Science and Technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The field of making, studying and using molecular aggregates, in which the individual molecules (monomers) are arranged in a regular fashion, has come a long way. Taking control over the aggregation of small molecules and polymers in bulk, on surfaces and at interfaces pose a considerable challenge for their utilization in modern high tech applications. In this review we provide a detailed insight into recent trends in molecular aggregates from the perspectives of nanoarchitectonics.

Ramanathan, Nathan Muruganathan [ORNL] [ORNL; Hong, Kunlun [ORNL] [ORNL; Ji, Dr. Qingmin [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan] [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan; Hill, Dr. Jonathan P [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan] [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan; Ariga, Katsuhiko [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan] [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan; Yusuke, Yonamine [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan] [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Relational Sequence Clustering for Aggregating Similar Agents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Relational Sequence Clustering for Aggregating Similar Agents Grazia Bombini, Nicola Di Mauro;2 Grazia Bombini, Nicola Di Mauro, Stefano Ferilli, and Floriana Esposito image segmentation and pattern

Di Mauro, Nicola

271

SES Performance Cycle- Aggregate Results FY 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The memorandum releases the FY 2013 aggregate results for the Department's Senior Executive Service members and provides a summary of past results.

272

Aggregation method for motor drive systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract When many variable frequency drives are connected to a common switchboard, their aggregated effect on system dynamics can be significant. In this paper, the aggregation method for variable frequency drives and their motors in industrial facilities is proposed, which is suitable for power systems dynamic studies. The proposed method can be applied to various types of motor drive systems. There are two steps involved for the proposed aggregation method: (1) aggregate motor drive systems connected to the same bus, and (2) further combine the aggregated model of motor drive systems from Step 1 with upstream series impedance and/or transformers. Due to involvement of high-order transfer functions in dynamic models of individual motor drive systems, Pade approximation is used as a useful tool in the aggregation process. Using the proposed aggregation method, an equivalent aggregated dynamic model of motor drive systems can be obtained at the substation bus. A case study is conducted in the paper, and the proposed aggregation method is verified to be effective by the case study.

Xiaodong Liang; Wilsun Xu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Association of Energy Intake and Energy Balance with Postmenopausal Breast Cancer in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...extreme estimates of energy consumption (upper or lower...Implication of total energy intake for epidemiologic...equation for resting energy expenditure in...per capita food consumption. Cancer 1986...of the effect of World War II in Norway...

Shih-Chen Chang; Regina G. Ziegler; Barbara Dunn; Rachael Stolzenberg-Solomon; James V. Lacey, Jr.; Wen-Yi Huang; Arthur Schatzkin; Douglas Reding; Robert N. Hoover; Patricia Hartge; and Michael F. Leitzmann

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Managing R&D Risk in Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

75: 547-561. Chevron (2008). Renewable Energy At Chevron.www.chevronenergy.com/renewable_energy/ . Accessed on JuneOptimizing the Level of Renewable Electric R&D Expenditures

Rausser, Gordon C.; Papineau, Maya

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Radio Planning of Energy-Aware Cellular Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that including energy costs in Opex and taking into .... Management strategies for energy saving in solar powered wireless MESH ..... we strove to highlight the benefits achieved by jointly minimizing costs and power expenditures in.

2010-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

276

Energy 29 (2004) 1317 www.elsevier.com/locate/energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

travel and expenditures. Details for the energy conversion factors are given in the notes Venere Workshop. Conversion factors for travel were erroneously large, and are corrected here. FortyEnergy 29 (2004) 13­17 www.elsevier.com/locate/energy Brief Note Personal energy impact

Vermont, University of

277

COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

........................................................................................11 3. Energy Efficiency Impacts..........................................................................................11 III. Organizational Structure........................................................................................................12 A. Organizational Overview

278

Iron-reducing bacteria accumulate ferric oxyhydroxide nanoparticle aggregates that may support planktonic growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Super 8 experiment. Nanoparticle aggregates are attachedgroundwater bacteria with nanoparticle aggregates attachedferric oxyhydroxide nanoparticle aggregates that may support

Luef, B.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Automation, Energy Conservation and Common Sense  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, capital costs and possible savings. Approval for facility expenditure has been obtained. The energy management system will consist of hardware and software for a distributed system concept and a supervisory computer. The system will be expandable...

Hester, D.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

State energy data | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0 0 Varnish cache server State energy data Dataset Summary Description The State Energy Data System (SEDS) is compiled by the U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA); it is a comprehensive database of energy statistics by state (and includes totals for the entire US). SEDS includes estimates of energy production, consumption, prices, and expenditures broken down by energy source and sector. Annual estimates are available from 1960 - 2009 for production and consumption estimates and from 1970 - 2009 for price and expenditure estimates. Source EIA Date Released June 30th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords EIA Energy Consumption Energy Expenditures energy prices energy production SEDS State energy data States US Data text/csv icon Complete SEDS dataset as csv (may be too big for Excel) (csv, 40.6 MiB)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Structure, Aggregation and Characterization of Nanoparticles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the process is called diffusion-limited aggregation (DLA). DLA is a very general phenomena for all kinds of pattern formation...primary particle aggregation only, the classical version of DLA was derived by Witten and Sander (1981) and is called...

Glenn A. Waychunas

282

Construction of energy landscapes can clarify the movement and distribution of foraging animals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Buenos Aires, Argentina Variation in...landscape-dependent energy expenditure of...in a variable energy landscape using...Leon, Chubut, Argentina. These birds...Gov't | Animals Argentina Birds physiology Diving Energy Metabolism Feeding...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Evidence for energy savings from aerial running in the Svalbard rock ptarmigan (Lagopus muta hyperborea)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...nonsensical result. Energy savings during aerial...attributed to elastic storage mechanisms [4...horizontal kinetic energy of the COM. Figure-3...and (d) stride frequency = 1.499 + 1...C. Prefaut 1994 Energy expenditure and cardiorespiratory responses at the transition...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

DOE/EA-1449; Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash, King George County, Virginia (August 2002)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

9 9 ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash, King George County, Virginia United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory August 2002 Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray-dryer Ash, King George County, Virginia ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT 2 National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Compliance Cover Sheet Proposed Action: The proposed action is for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to provide cost- shared financial support to Universal Aggregates, LLC, for the design, construction, and operation of a lightweight aggregate manufacturing plant at the Mirant-Birchwood Power Plant Facility (Mirant-Birchwood Facility) in King George County, Virginia.

285

Aggregated Purchasing and Workplace Charging Can Drive EV Market Growth  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On Tuesday, November 18, Energy Secretary Moniz joined Senior Advisor to the President John Podesta, Edison Electric Institute (EEI) President Tom Kuhn, and Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) CEO Tony Earley for a special event at the White House to announce several new developments in advancing the use of electric vehicles. These developments included the Energy Department announcing a Notice of Intent for a potential funding opportunity announcement for aggregated purchasing of alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles 70 EEI members committing 5% of their annual fleet budgets to plug-in electric vehicles, 150 members of the Workplace Charging Challenge, and a new plug-in hybrid electric bucket truck.

286

DURABILITY EVALUATION AND PRODUCTION OF MANUFACTURED AGGREGATES FROM COAL COMBUSTION BY-PRODUCTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under the cooperative agreement with DOE, the Research and Development Department of CONSOL Energy (CONSOL R&D), teamed with Universal Aggregates, LLC, to conduct a systematic study of the durability of aggregates manufactured using a variety of flue gas desulfurization (FGD), fluidized-bed combustion (FBC) and fly ash specimens with different chemical and physical properties and under different freeze/thaw, wet/dry and long-term natural weathering conditions. The objectives of the study are to establish the relationships among the durability and characteristics of FGD material, FBC ash and fly ash, and to identify the causes of durability problems, and, ultimately, to increase the utilization of FGD material, FBC ash and fly ash as a construction material. Manufactured aggregates made from FGD material, FBC ash and fly ash, and products made from those manufactured aggregates were used in the study. The project is divided into the following activities: sample collection and characterization; characterization and preparation of manufactured aggregates; determination of durability characteristics of manufactured aggregates; preparation and determination of durability characteristics of manufactured aggregate products; and data evaluation and reporting.

M. M. Wu

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Analysis of influence of fuel price on individual activity-travel time expenditure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Fluctuation in fuel prices may lead to adaptations in people?s activity-travel behavior. Compared to other triggers of behavioral change, the impact of fuel prices has received only scant attention in the literature, especially with respect to short-run change in activity-travel behavior. To gain insight into this issue, travel diaries of a representative sample of individuals in the Netherlands who use the car for daily travel were analyzed. Seemingly unrelated regression analysis was used to examine the effects of fuel price on people?s travel time expenditures for different kinds of activities, differentiating between weekdays and weekends. The results indicate that fuel price is negatively correlated with travel time expenditures by car, and that this relationship differs between weekdays and weekends. When faced with increasing fuel prices, people seem to prefer reducing travel time expenditure by car for compulsory trips more than for leisure trips.

Dujuan Yang; Harry Timmermans

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geothermal, Solid Fuel Biomass, Land Fill Gas Biomass, and Concentrating Solar Power. b) The cost, including return on investment. Market price of renewable energy equal to maximum of cost or market price of system energy d) The cost of wind energy assumes no extension of the production tax credit. e) Wind

289

Buildings Energy Data Book  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

4.1 Federal Buildings Energy Consumption 4.1 Federal Buildings Energy Consumption 4.2 Federal Buildings and Facilities Characteristics 4.3 Federal Buildings and Facilities Expenditures 4.4 Legislation Affecting Energy Consumption of Federal Buildings and Facilities 5Envelope and Equipment 6Energy Supply 7Laws, Energy Codes, and Standards 8Water 9Market Transformation Glossary Acronyms and Initialisms Technology Descriptions Building Descriptions Other Data Books Biomass Energy Transportation Energy Power Technologies Hydrogen Download the Entire Book Skip down to the tables This chapter provides information on Federal building energy consumption, characteristics, and expenditures, as well as information on legislation affecting said consumption. The main points from this chapter are summarized below: In FY 2007, Federal buildings accounted for 2.2% of all building energy consumption and 0.9% of total U.S. energy consumption.

290

In Situ Observation of Directed Nanoparticle Aggregation During...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Observation of Directed Nanoparticle Aggregation During the Synthesis of Ordered Nanoporous Metal in Soft Templates. In Situ Observation of Directed Nanoparticle Aggregation During...

291

Fabrication of water-soluble gold nanoparticle aggregates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mixed monolayer protected gold nanoparticles were linked using octanedithiol to form aggregates containing hundreds of nanoparticles. These aggregates are an interesting material, posing potential applications in the fields ...

Bennett, Samantha E

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Sources of influence on capital expenditure decisions: a contextual study of accounting performance measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports the results of a series of case studies of capital expenditure decision processes in divisionalized firms. The case studies were designed to explore the elements of broadly defined control systems operating on divisional management participants in these decisions. Twenty-one interviews were conducted with central and divisional management. The findings provide an insight into the incidence of functional capital expenditure decisions, and the contextual influences on divisional management. In particular they illustrate the role of managerial service histories, corporate familiarity with divisional operations, strategic planning and multiple performance measures within the organizational control system.

Anne M. Lillis

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Maintenance and repair expenditures: determinants and tradeoffs with new capital goods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Traditionally economic analysis has focused on new capital investment, while ignoring expenditures to maintain or repair existing stock. Recent, broader theories of replacement have emphasized the important role played by both maintenance and utilization rates. However, the decision to extend the service life of capital has been given scant empirical attention, owing partly to a lack of appropriate data. This study exploits survey data that report annual maintenance/repair expenditures for Canadian manufacturing industries. A standard production framework, modified to incorporate endogenous depreciation, guides the econometric analysis. The empirical results indicate that the cost of capital, among other variables, has a statistically significant effect on maintenance/repair decisions.

J.K. Mullen; Martin Williams

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

A trade-off between current and future sex allocation revealed by maternal energy budget in a small mammal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...offspring exploiting more maternal energy in the uterus. In fact, there...producing male offspring increases energy expenditure of mothers, what...limits for female's maximum sustainable level of energy intake? Current understanding...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Assessment of China's Energy-Saving and Emission-Reduction Accomplishments and Opportunities During the 11th Five Year Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as the US Residential Energy Consumption Survey (U.S.after the US Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) ortheir energy consumption and expenditures (U.S. EIA, 2008a).

Levine, Mark D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Dynamic Aggregation Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks Adel Mounir Said1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that deliver sensor data in an energy-efficient way to the sink. One of those techniques, it gathers sensors ­ NTI, Cairo, Egypt 2 RS2M Department, Telcom SudParis, Evry, France amounir@nti.sci.eg, awilliam Aggregation Protocol (DAP) to reduce the energy consumption in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), which prolongs

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

297

Real-Time Welfare-Maximizing Regulation Allocation in Dynamic Aggregator-EVs System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

external energy sources for the aggregator. The algorithm operates in real time and does not require any prevalent in the near future. For example, from one report of the U.S. department of energy [1 of transportation, EVs can also be used as distributed electricity generation/storage devices when plugged-in [2

Liang, Ben

298

Do households smooth expenditure over anticipated income changes? Evidence from bonus payments to public employees in Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper provides new evidence of consumers reaction to an anticipated sizable change in income. Until FY2002, Japanese public employees received predictable large bonus payments three times a fiscal year (in June, December, and March), but the March bonus was abolished in FY2003. We compare the seasonal patterns of public employees expenditure before and after the reform of the bonus payment schedule. Contrary to the prediction of the life cycle/permanent income hypothesis (LC/PIH), we find evidence that monthly patterns of household expenditure were significantly affected by the anticipated large change in income pattern. However, at closer inspection, this excess sensitivity of expenditure is observed only for expenditure subcategories of some durability, i.e., durables and semi-durables. Thus, while the LC/PIH does not appear to hold for expenditure (which we observe here), it may still hold for consumption.

Masahiro Hori; Satoshi Shimizutani

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Dielectric characterization of unstabilized aggregate base materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the material, water ingress, and ambient temperature (1 0, 11). Moisture Susceptibility Research studies in Texas and Finland have demonstrated that moisture susceptibility is related to the suction properties of soils and aggregates (12, 13). Soil suction.... Research studies in Finland have reported reductions in resilient modulus of up to 75 percent from the dry to the wet states for some poorly performing aggregates (12). For these materials, the extent to which water ingress causes damage is dependent...

Guthrie, William Spencer

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Grid Integration of Aggregated Demand Response, Part 1: Load Availability  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Grid Integration of Aggregated Demand Response, Part 1: Load Availability Grid Integration of Aggregated Demand Response, Part 1: Load Availability Profiles and Constraints for the Western Interconnection Title Grid Integration of Aggregated Demand Response, Part 1: Load Availability Profiles and Constraints for the Western Interconnection Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-6417E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Olsen, Daniel, Nance Matson, Michael D. Sohn, Cody Rose, Junqiao Han Dudley, Sasank Goli, Sila Kiliccote, Marissa Hummon, David Palchak, Paul Denholm, Jennie Jorgenson, and Ookie Ma Date Published 09/2013 Abstract Demand response (DR) has the potential to improve electric grid reliability and reduce system operation costs. However, including DR in grid modeling can be difficult due to its variable and non-traditional response characteristics, compared to traditional generation. Therefore, efforts to value the participation of DR in procurement of grid services have been limited. In this report, we present methods and tools for predicting demand response availability profiles, representing their capability to participate in capacity, energy, and ancillary services. With the addition of response characteristics mimicking those of generation, the resulting profiles will help in the valuation of the participation of demand response through production cost modeling, which informs infrastructure and investment planning.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation Print Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation Print Researchers from the ALS, Berkeley Lab's National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM), and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory analyzed biofilm samples rich in zinc sulfide and dominated by sulfate-reducing bacteria, which were collected from lead-zinc mine waters. The researchers were curious about the relationship of the organic material and metals, particularly how organics affect mobility, and its potential for bioremediation. It is known that some organics promote aggregation. Amine-bearing molecules, for example, can organize sulfide nanoparticles into semiconductor nanowires. The research team used a series of imaging techniques and detectors to analyze aggregates of biogenic zinc sulfide nanocrystals in the biofilms. Their examination yielded excellent results and some surprises. They were able to prove that natural organic matter promotes dense aggregation of the zinc sulfide nanocrystals into much larger spheroids and that the organic matter is preserved in nanometer-scale pores in the spheroids. What was not expected was the presence of proteins in the spheroids, making them a key component in aggregation and an example of extracellular biomineralization.

302

Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Extracellular Proteins Promote Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation Print Wednesday, 26 September 2007 00:00 Researchers from the ALS, Berkeley Lab's National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM), and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory analyzed biofilm samples rich in zinc sulfide and dominated by sulfate-reducing bacteria, which were collected from lead-zinc mine waters. The researchers were curious about the relationship of the organic material and metals, particularly how organics affect mobility, and its potential for bioremediation. It is known that some organics promote aggregation. Amine-bearing molecules, for example, can organize sulfide nanoparticles into semiconductor nanowires. The research team used a series of imaging techniques and detectors to analyze aggregates of biogenic zinc sulfide nanocrystals in the biofilms. Their examination yielded excellent results and some surprises. They were able to prove that natural organic matter promotes dense aggregation of the zinc sulfide nanocrystals into much larger spheroids and that the organic matter is preserved in nanometer-scale pores in the spheroids. What was not expected was the presence of proteins in the spheroids, making them a key component in aggregation and an example of extracellular biomineralization.

303

Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation Print Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation Print Researchers from the ALS, Berkeley Lab's National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM), and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory analyzed biofilm samples rich in zinc sulfide and dominated by sulfate-reducing bacteria, which were collected from lead-zinc mine waters. The researchers were curious about the relationship of the organic material and metals, particularly how organics affect mobility, and its potential for bioremediation. It is known that some organics promote aggregation. Amine-bearing molecules, for example, can organize sulfide nanoparticles into semiconductor nanowires. The research team used a series of imaging techniques and detectors to analyze aggregates of biogenic zinc sulfide nanocrystals in the biofilms. Their examination yielded excellent results and some surprises. They were able to prove that natural organic matter promotes dense aggregation of the zinc sulfide nanocrystals into much larger spheroids and that the organic matter is preserved in nanometer-scale pores in the spheroids. What was not expected was the presence of proteins in the spheroids, making them a key component in aggregation and an example of extracellular biomineralization.

304

COMMON EXPENDITURE TYPES USED FOR PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT "ET" Description Notes "ET" Description Notes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMMON EXPENDITURE TYPES USED FOR PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT "ET" Description Notes "ET" Description CAPITAL EXP SU OWNED ($5K AND GREATER) Useful Life 55136 SPEC PURPOSE DATA HOLDING (Note 3) lab eqpt POSTAGE AND SHIPPING 52077 SU PROCEEDS DISP CAP EQUIP (SALE) N/A 55310 POSTAGE stamps, fedex, etc CAPITAL

Straight, Aaron

305

Do Campaign Contributions and Lobbying Expenditures by Firms Create Political Capital?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examine the relation between a firms campaign contributions and lobbying expenditures and its Tobins q. We follow other studies that use q...to measure the value of the firms intangible capital (e.g., the v...

Philip Hersch; Jeffry M. Netter; Christopher Pope

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Gambling with the house money in capital expenditure decisions: An experimental analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper extends the work of Thaler and Johnson (Management Science, 1990, 36, no. 6, 643660) on prior gains and losses in a business context. In support of their results, the current experimental analysis on capital expenditure decisions finds that prior gains shift behaviour towards risk seeking. The results do not, however, offer evidence of prior losses shifting behaviour towards risk aversion.

Kevin Keasey; Philip Moon

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

The association between research and development expenditure and firm performance: testing a life cycle hypothesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although prior studies provide evidence that investment in research and development (R&D) expenditure enhances a firm's performance, very little evidence is available on the impact of a firm's life cycle stages on the association between R&D expenditures and firm performance. We classify firms into three-life cycle stages, namely, growth, mature and stagnant, and choose four-life cycle classification variables which are dividends, sales growth, capital expenditure and firm age. Using 769-firm-year observations over a period of 11-years in Australia, we find that the abnormal returns to unexpected expensed R&D amounts are significantly negative. Further, our results suggest that market reaction to expensed R&D is more negatively pronounced during the stagnant phase of a firm's life cycle, suggesting that the market perceives that firms have limited prospects to derive benefits arising out of expensed R&D expenditures. The results suggest that the relationship between performance and investment in R&D is not linear but is moderated by a firm's life cycle which should be taken into account when making policy that is based on stock-based performance.

Kamran Ahmed; Mohammed Jinan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

US military expenditures to protect the use of Persian Gulf oil for motor vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in order to bring the price of oil closer to its marginal social cost. There is in fact a long historyUS military expenditures to protect the use of Persian Gulf oil for motor vehicles Mark A. Delucchi l e i n f o Article history: Received 7 May 2007 Accepted 3 March 2008 Available online 21 April

Murphy, James J.

309

Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Universal Aggregates LLC (UA) was awarded a cost sharing Co-operative Agreement from the Department of Energy (DOE) through the Power Plant Improvement Initiative Program (PPII) to design, construct and operate a lightweight aggregate manufacturing plant at the Birchwood Power Facility in King George, Virginia in October 2001. The Agreement was signed in November 2002. The installation and start-up expenses for the Birchwood Aggregate Facility are $19.5 million. The DOE share is $7.2 million (37%) and the UA share is $12.3 million (63%). The original project team consists of UA, SynAggs, LLC, CONSOL Energy Inc. and P. J. Dick, Inc. Using 115,000 ton per year of spray dryer ash (SDA), a dry FGD by-product from the power station, UA will produce 167,000 tons of manufactured lightweight aggregate for use in production of concrete masonry units (CMU). Manufacturing aggregate from FGD by-products can provide an economical high-volume use and substantially expand market for FGD by-products. Most of the FGD by-products are currently disposed of in landfills. Construction of the Birchwood Aggregate Facility was completed in March 2004. Operation startup was begun in April 2004. Plant Integration was initiated in December 2004. Integration includes mixing, extrusion, curing, crushing and screening. Lightweight aggregates with proper size gradation and bulk density were produced from the manufacturing aggregate plant and loaded on a stockpile for shipment. The shipped aggregates were used in a commercial block plant for CMU production. However, most of the production was made at low capacity factors and for a relatively short time in 2005. Several areas were identified as important factors to improve plant capacity and availability. Equipment and process control modifications and curing vessel clean up were made to improve plant operation in the first half of 2006. About 3,000 tons of crushed aggregate was produced in August 2006. UA is continuing to work to improve plant availability and throughput capacity and to produce quality lightweight aggregate for use in commercial applications.

Milton Wu; Paul Yuran

2006-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

310

Texas AgriLife Research Procedure 21.01.03.A1.01 Expenditure of Funds Page 1 of 1 Texas AgriLife Research Procedures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Texas AgriLife Research Procedure 21.01.03.A1.01 Expenditure of Funds Page 1 of 1 Texas AgriLife Research Procedures 21.01.03.A1.01 EXPENDITURE OF FUNDS Approved: May 11, 2012 Next Scheduled Review: May 11, 2014 PROCEDURE STATEMENT This procedure establishes the guidelines for expenditure of Texas Agri

311

3.1 RESEARCH EXPENDITURES AND FUNDING ECE Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Criteria Metric under ESD Stress Conditions Analog Devices $600,000.00 Design, Characterization-organizing Control and Scalable Game-theoretical Dispatch of Distributed Generations for High- Penetration Smart Grids NSF $165,831.00 Foundations for Engineering Education for Distributed Energy Resources (FEEDER) US

Pattanaik, Sumanta N.

312

Use of the Predictive Sugars Biomarker to Evaluate Self-Reported Total Sugars Intake in the Observing Protein and Energy Nutrition (OPEN) Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Observing Protein and Energy Nutrition (OPEN...Human Nutrition Unit, Cambridge, United...biomarker to assess measurement error (ME) structure...Observing Protein and Energy Nutrition (OPEN...Schoeller DA .Measurement of energy expenditure in...

Nataa Tasevska; Douglas Midthune; Nancy Potischman; Amy F. Subar; Amanda J. Cross; Sheila A. Bingham; Arthur Schatzkin; and Victor Kipnis

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Design of maximum density aggregate grading  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An aggregate grading that yields maximum solid density and maximum particle interlock is highly desirable for both bound mixtures, such as asphalt concrete and plain and reinforced concrete, and for unbound mixtures such as those used in base courses. Maximum particle interlock leads to high strength. Whereas minimum voids in a certain material composition is conducive to high strength and low compression. Aggregate grading may be obtained, for instance, from the ASTM, which is based on experience or may be designed according to Lees method. In the present work five different types of aggregates were used, each with a variety of chosen grading. It was found that Lees method produced the lowest porosity of all types of aggregates as well as for the various employed gradings. Lees rational method of aggregate grading, however, is a very lengthy and time-consuming procedure. Therefore, programming of Lees method is an essential step to make such an excellent method available to practicing engineers. A program named ratmix was developed and has incorporated 58 design graphs of the Lees method. ratmix is a comprehensive program for Lees rational method; it conducts interpolation for intermediate points within the design graphs as well as between graphs of different properties.

Yahia A Abdel-Jawad; Waddah Salman Abdullah

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Monthly energy review, August 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two brief articles are presented: measuring dependence on imported oil; and preliminary estimates of household energy consumption and expenditures in 1993. Then statistical tables are presented: energy overview, energy consumption, petroleum, natural gas, oil and gas resource development, coal, electricity, nuclear energy, energy prices, and international energy. Appendices present thermal conversion factors, metric and other physical conversion factors, CO{sub 2} emission factors for coal, and listing of previous articles. A glossary is also included.

NONE

1995-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

315

Green Pricing Program Marketing Expenditures: Finding the Right Balance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In practice, it is difficult to determine the optimal amount to spend on marketing and administering a green pricing program. Budgets for marketing and administration of green pricing programs are a function of several factors: the region of the country; the size of the utility service area; the customer base and media markets encompassed within that service area; the point or stage in the lifespan of the program; and certainly, not least, the utility's commitment to and goals for the program. All of these factors vary significantly among programs. This report presents data on programs that have funded both marketing and program administration. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) gathers the data annually from utility green pricing program managers. Programs reporting data to NREL spent a median of 18.8% of program revenues on marketing their programs in 2008 and 16.6% in 2007. The smallest utilities (those with less than 25,000 in their eligible customer base) spent 49% of revenues on marketing, significantly more than the overall median. This report addresses the role of renewable energy credit (REC) marketers and start-up costs--and the role of marketing, generally, in achieving program objectives, including expansion of renewable energy.

Friedman, B.; Miller, M.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

United States - Rankings - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Rankings Rankings Additional State Rankings Consumption Total Energy per Capita Prices Natural Gas Electricity Environment Carbon Dioxide Emissions Expenditures Total Energy per Capita Production Total Energy Crude Oil Natural Gas Coal Electricity More State Ranking Tables › Notes & Sources Consumption Total Energy per Capita: EIA, State Energy Data System, Total Consumption Per Capita Expenditures Total Energy per Capita: EIA, State Energy Data System, Total Expenditures Per Capita Production Total Energy: EIA, State Energy Data System, Total Energy Production Crude Oil: EIA, Petroleum Supply Annual, Crude Oil Production Natural Gas: EIA, Natural Gas Annual, Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production Coal: EIA, Annual Coal Report, Coal Production and Number of Mines by State

317

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSIONCOMMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Commission$ gy 0% rate loans and technical assistance grants · $3M: California Workforce Investment Board· $3M: California Workforce Investment Board Competitive grants for community-based and workforce requests for planning projects and energy expenditure plans #12;CHAPTER 2: LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY AWARD

318

The impact of environmental constraints on productivity improvement and energy efficiency in integrated paper and steel plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a methodology and results for assessing the impact of production and energy efficiency, environmental regulation, and abatement capital expenditure constraints (e.g. capital rationing) on the productivity of energy and pollution intensive sectors. Energy is treated like any other production input when examining evidence of inefficiency. We find that capital rationing and environmental regulations do contribute to productivity and energy efficiency losses, but do not explain all of the production and energy inefficiencies observed in the paper industry. A summary of the energy source of production inefficiency found in the paper industry, is presented.. Each source is derived as the incremental contribution., i.e. the first is constraints on capital, the second in environmental regulation not accounted for by the first, and the final component is production inefficiency that is not accounted for my any of the- environmental analysis. While the methods are very data intensive, they reveal much more that analysis of aggregate data, 1835 since the only plant level data can provide the estimates of inefficiency that this methodology employs.

Boyd, G.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Decision and Information Sciences Div.; McClelland, J. [Maryland Univ., College Park, MD (United States). Dept. of Economics

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

319

Table 7.10 Expenditures for Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam, 2010;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Expenditures for Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam, 2010; 0 Expenditures for Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Supplier Sources of Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam; Unit: Million U.S. Dollars. Electricity Components Natural Gas Electricity Electricity from Sources Natural Gas NAICS Electricity from Local Other than Natural Gas from Local Code(a) Subsector and Industry Total Utility(b) Local Utility(c) Total Utility(b) Total United States 311 Food 5,328 4,635 692 3,391 1,675 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 932 850 82 673 261 311221 Wet Corn Milling 352 331 21 296 103 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 105 87 18 87 39 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 698

320

The efficiency of internal capital markets: Evidence from the Annual Capital Expenditure Survey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Does firm diversity result in an efficient or inefficient allocation of capital? Are diversified firms value creating or value destroying? We apply a panel data model to examine the relationship between firm diversity and firm value using both COMPUSTAT and the Annual Capital Expenditure Survey (ACES) data. Our main empirical result confirms that firm diversity is negatively related to the efficiency of investment (firm value), which is consistent with the majority findings of recent studies. However, once we distinguish between capital expenditure for structures and equipment, we find that while firms do inefficiently allocate capital for equipment, they efficiently allocate capital for structures. These results suggest that when the decision has long-lasting repercussions, headquarters will, more often than not, make the correct choice.

Sumit Agarwal; I-Ming Chiu; Victor Souphom; Guy M. Yamashiro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Small file aggregation in a parallel computing system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Techniques are provided for small file aggregation in a parallel computing system. An exemplary method for storing a plurality of files generated by a plurality of processes in a parallel computing system comprises aggregating the plurality of files into a single aggregated file; and generating metadata for the single aggregated file. The metadata comprises an offset and a length of each of the plurality of files in the single aggregated file. The metadata can be used to unpack one or more of the files from the single aggregated file.

Faibish, Sorin; Bent, John M.; Tzelnic, Percy; Grider, Gary; Zhang, Jingwang

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

322

Creatine phosphate as energy source in the cerulein-stimulated rat pancreas study by31P nuclear magnetic resonance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Stimulation of the rat exocrine pancreas by cerulein induces a variety of cellular processes, some of which require the expenditure of energy. In this study, changes in the amounts of various energy metabolite...

S. Aired; Y. Creach; C. Palevody; J. Esclassan

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Predicting Consumption Expenditure for the Analysis of Health Care Financing Equity in Low Income Countries: a Comparison of Approaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The analysis of equity in the distribution of health care payments requires nationally representative income and expenditure surveys, containing information on health care payments and ability to pay. Suchnat...

Gemini Mtei; Josephine Borghi; Kara Hanson

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Is health care expenditure across Europe converging? Findings from the application of a nonlinear panel unit root test  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Uneven patterns of health care expenditure are a prominent feature of late capitalist society. Across Europe, spearheaded by European Union (EU) economic integration, there continues to be debate concerning he...

Chi Keung Marco Lau; Ka Wai Terence Fung; Lee Pugalis

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

The impact of public education expenditure on human capital, growth, and poverty in Tanzania and Zambia: a general equilibrium approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The impact of public education expenditure on human capital, the supply of different labor skills, and its macroeconomic and distributional consequences is appraised within a multisector CGE model. The model is applied to and calibrated for two Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPCs), Tanzania and Zambia. The simulation results suggest that education expenditure can raise economic growth. However, to maximize benefits from education expenditure, a sufficiently high level of physical investment is needed, as are measures that improve the match between the pattern of educational output and the structure of effective demand for labor. An important result of the simulation experiments is that a well-targeted pattern of education expenditure can be effective for poverty alleviation.

Hong-Sang Jung; Erik Thorbecke

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

How Firms Make Capital Expenditure Decisions: Financial Signals, Internal Cash Flows, Income Taxes and the Tax Reform Act of 1986  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper empirically assesses the determinants of future net capital expenditures for a broad cross-section of COMPUSTAT ... stock prices not only lower the cost of capital, but also signal good investment oppo...

Randolph Beatty; Susan Riffe; Ivo Welch

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Oriented Calcite Micropillars and Prisms Formed through Aggregation and Recrystallization of Poly(Acrylic Acid) Stabilized  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

blocks with possible subsequent crystallographic fusion of high-energy crystal faces.26,27 Inspired and prisms form in a similar way via anisotropic nanoparticle aggregation, growth, fusion, and reorganization. The results may provide new insights into mechanisms of biomineralization. 1. INTRODUCTION Biomimetic

Qi, Limin

328

AgSec: Secure and Efficient CDMA-based Aggregation for Smart Metering Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, USA Email: {nxalamatsaz,axboustani,murtuza.jadliwala,vinod.namboodiri}@wichita.edu Abstract-- Security and energy. Hence, utilizing data aggregation algorithms, the limited bandwidth can be efficiently utilized the biggest blackout in North American history in 2003. Investigations showed that the outage was because

Namboodiri, Vinod

329

Real-Time Data Aggregation in Contention-Based Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by a grant from the Research Grants Council of Hong Kong [Project No. CityU 7002359] and the US National done on data aggregation, such as reducing energy consumption [Intanagonwiwat et al. 2000; Tang and Xu City University of Hong Kong and GUOLIANG XING Michigan State University We investigate the problem

330

inactivation of viral aggregates during water treatment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

treatment. MS2 virus used as the model organism. peracetic acid (PAA) chosen as disinfectant (400 mM) were used to study the pH effect on disinfection rate constants of PAA/L PAA; all experiments showed pseudo-first order kinetics (fig. 1b): biggest aggregates

331

A method for designing customer-oriented demand response aggregation service  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Demand response (DR), which controls electric usage of customers when electric system reliability is jeopardised, attracts much societal attention. To realise a pragmatic DR, aggregators have to make well-customised requests for power saving to keep each customer comfortable in energy use. An engineering method is proposed here to design a DR aggregation service from the viewpoint of various customers comfort. The idea is to use an optimum resource allocation method that can provide quantitative information on how much electric power should be saved by each customer. The application validated the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Yoshiki Shimomura; Yutaro Nemoto; Fumiya Akasaka; Ryosuke Chiba; Koji Kimita

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Optical activity of electronically delocalized molecular aggregates: Nonlocal response formulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical activity of electronically delocalized molecular aggregates: Nonlocal response formulation and optical rotation in small optically active molecules, larger conjugated molecules, and molecular aggregates is developed using spatially nonlocal electric and magnetic optical response tensors (r

Mukamel, Shaul

333

The University of Winnipeg Energy Management Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of carbon emission off-sets from gross emissions. Non-renewable Energy ­ Fuels the supply of which is fixed's use of energy resources. 2. Work toward achieving zero net emissions of GHGs incurred from its use and faculty that require progressively less energy expenditure and environmental impact per passenger

Martin, Jeff

334

Energy Balance and Breast Cancer Risk  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Zhu Z, Jiang W. Dietary energy restriction in breast cancer...induced in mammary carcinomas by energy restriction. Cancer Res 2004...the effect of World War II in Norway. Cancer Causes Control 1996...Determinants of 24-hour energy expenditure in man. Methods...

Alecia Malin; Charles E. Matthews; Xiao-Ou Shu; Hui Cai; Qi Dai; Fan Jin; Yu-Tang Gao; and Wei Zheng

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Projected Winter Fuel Expenditures by Fuel and Region Projected Winter Fuel Expenditures by Fuel and Region The average household winter heating fuel expenditures discussed in this STEO provide a broad guide to changes compared with last winter. However, fuel expenditures for individual households are highly dependent on local weather conditions, market size, the size and energy efficiency of individual homes and their heating equipment, and thermostat settings (see Winter Fuels Outlook table). Forecast temperatures are close to last winter nationally, with the Northeast about 3% colder and the West 3% warmer. Natural Gas About one-half of U.S. households use natural gas as their primary heating fuel. EIA expects households heating with natural gas to spend an average of $80 (13%) more this winter than last winter. The increase in natural gas

336

Summary of expenditures of rebates from the low-level radioactive waste surcharge escrow account for calendar year 1989: Report to Congress in response to Public Law 99-240  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This response is submitted in response to the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985 (the Act), Public Law 99-240. The report summarizes expenditures made during the calendar year 1989 of surcharge rebates from the July 1, 1986, milestones. Title I of the Act requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to administer a Surcharge Escrow Account. This account consists of a portion of the surcharge fees paid by generators of low-level radioactive waste in nonsited compacts (regional compacts currently without operating disposal sites) and nonmember States (States without disposal sites that are not members of compacts) to the three States with operating disposal facilities (Nevada, South Carolina, and Washington) (sited States) for using their disposal facilities. In administering the Surcharge Escrow Account, the Act requires DOE to: invest the funds in interest-bearing United States Government securities; determine eligibility of rebates of the funds by evaluating State and compact progress toward developing new disposal sites against milestones set forth in the Act; disburse the collected rebates and interest; assess compliance of rebate expenditures with the limitations prescribed in the Act; and submit a report annually to Congress summarizing rebate expenditures by States and regions. 5 tabs.

Not Available

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Preserving quality of service guarantees in spite of flow aggregation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate how quality of service may be guaranteed to a flow of packets in the presence of flow aggregation. For efficiency, multiple flows, known as the constituent flows, are merged together resulting in a single aggregate flow. After the network ... Keywords: Flow aggregation, quality of service, real-time scheduling

Jorge Arturo Cobb

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Thermodynamics and Structure of Peptide-Aggregates at Membrane Surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermodynamics and Structure of Peptide- Aggregates at Membrane Surfaces INAUGURALDISSERTATION zur. Introduction 01 1.1 ­ Thermodynamics of Protein Aggregation 01 1.2 ­ Formation of Protein Aggregates 03 1 and P-glycoprotein: Connecting Thermodynamics and Membrane Structure with Functional Activity 23 3

Quake, Stephen R.

339

EA-1861: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Final Environmental Assessment Final Environmental Assessment EA-1861: Final Environmental Assessment Frito-Lay Biomass Boiler Project, Beloit, Wisconsin The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is proposing to authorize the expenditure of Federal grant funding to design, permit, and construct a biomass boilerhouse at the Frito-Lay North America (Frito-Lay) plant in Beloit, Wisconsin. DOE awarded the grant under the State Energy Program, but has not yet authorized the expenditure of grant funds on this proposed project. DOE prepared this EA to evaluate the potential environmental consequences of DOE's Proposed Action, which is to authorize the expenditure of Federal funding for Frito-Lay's proposed boilerhouse. DOE's Proposed Action would authorize up to $5.5 million in grant expenditures. The total cost of Frito-Lay's proposed project would be

340

Energy Information Administration (EIA)- Commercial Buildings Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 CBECS Survey Data 2003 | 1999 | 1995 | 1992 | Previous 9 CBECS Survey Data 2003 | 1999 | 1995 | 1992 | Previous Building Characteristics Consumption & Expenditures Microdata Methodology Building Characteristics Data from the 1999 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) are presented in the Building Characteristics tables, which include number of buildings and total floorspace for various Building Characteristics, and Consumption and Expenditures tables, which include energy usage figures for major energy sources. Complete sets of RSE tables (What is an RSE?) are also available in PDF format 1999 Summary Tables for all principal building activities Summary Tables For All Principal Building Activities Number of Buildings (thousand) Floorspace (million square feet) Square Feet per Building (thousand) Median Age of Building (years)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

USCG Energy Program Resource Management, Fuel Logistics, and Facility Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Program Energy Program Resource Management, Fuel Logistics, and Facility Energy Presented by Daniel Gore USCG Energy Program Manager Office of Resource Management 1 1 2 Presentation Contents * Overview CG Energy Program * Highlights * Interesting Projects for Utilities * Alternatively Financed Projects Discussion 2 3 Overview 3 USCG Energy Program Growth * CG represents 80% of DHS energy consumption * Obligations up 210% from FY 2000 * Energy = 25% of O&M budget 4 4 Energy Program Dynamics Increasing Expenditures Increasing Politics & Mandates Increasing Scrutiny & Reporting Procurement & Credit Card Transformations Accounting System Improvements Organizational Strategic Transformations 5 5 What is CG Energy Management? * Policies impacting $306M annual obligations

342

Evaluation of superpave fine aggregate specification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION. . Statement of the Problem. . Objectives. 2 4 II LITERATURE REVIEW. Background. . Characterization of Material Properties. . NAA Flow Test Method. . Flow Rate Method. . ASTM Method D 3398. . Direct Shear Test... nature of the procedure and its similarity to FAA, this test was not used in this study. ASTM Method D 3398 ASTM D 3398 determines an index of aggregate particle shape and texture, I, . It provides an index value to the relative parficle shape...

Chowdhury, Md. Tahjib-Ul-Arif

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

343

NETL: PPII - Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Demonstration Project Documents - Industrial Applications Demonstration Project Documents - Industrial Applications Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash - Project Brief [PDF-72KB] Universal Aggregates, LLC, King George County, VA PROJECT FACT SHEET Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash [PDF-412KB] (Feb 2008) PROGRAM PUBLICATIONS Final Report Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Absorber Ash [PDF-4.5MB] (Nov 2007) CCT Reports: Project Performance Summaries, Post-Project Assessments, & Topical Reports Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash: A DOE Assessment [PDF-170KB] (Mar 2008)

344

Energy Efficiency Best Practice Guide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capital and maintenance expenditure through the identification and elimination of oversized or redundant equipment. Unlike other disciplines, energy efficiency is usually not measured at the business unit level. The difficulty is that energy use... of the Energy Efficiency Best Practice Guide is to help business units meet and exceed their energy efficiency targets through continuous improvement using seven key criteria. The objectives are threefold: to provide an easy to use structure for measuring...

Rouse, S.

345

Evolution of the U.S. Energy Service Company Industry: Market Size and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Report Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-5447E Year of Publication 2012 Authors Larsen, Peter H., Charles A. Goldman, and Andrew Satchwell Date Published 2012 Abstract The U.S. energy service company (ESCO) industry is an example of a private sector business model where energy savings are delivered to customers primarily through the use of performance-based contracts. This study was conceived as a snapshot of the ESCO industry prior to the economic slowdown and the introduction of federal stimulus funding mandated by enactment of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). This study utilizes two parallel analytic approaches to characterize ESCO industry and market trends in the U.S.: (1) a "top-down" approach involving a survey of individual ESCOs to estimate aggregate industry activity and (2) a "bottom-up" analysis of a database of ~3,265 projects (representing over $8B in project investment) that reports market trends including installed EE retrofit strategies, project installation costs and savings, project payback times, and benefit-cost ratios over time. Despite the onset of an economic recession, the U.S. ESCO industry managed to grow at about 7% per year between 2006 and 2008. ESCO industry revenues are relatively small compared to total U.S. energy expenditures (about $4.1 billion in 2008), but ESCOs anticipated accelerated growth through 2011 (25% per year).

346

Towards Automated Provisioning and Emergency Handling in Renewable Energy Powered Datacenters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Designing eco-friendly system has been at the forefront of computing research. Faced with a growing concern about the server energy expenditure and the climate change, both industry ... high interest in computing...

Chao Li; Rui Wang; Yang Hu; Ruijin Zhou

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.9 Low-Income Housing  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

0 2005 Average Energy Expenditures per Household Member and per Square Foot, by Weatherization Eligibility (2010) Members Hhold Hhold Total U.S. Households 780 2.6 0.86 Federally...

348

On the friction coefficient of straight-chain aggregates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A methodology to calculate the friction coefficient of an aggregate in the continuum regime is proposed. The friction coefficient and the monomer shielding factors, aggregate-average or individual, are related to the molecule-aggregate collision rate that is obtained from the molecular diffusion equation with an absorbing boundary condition on the aggregate surface. Calculated friction coefficients of straight chains are in very good agreement with previous results, suggesting that the friction coefficients may be accurately calculated from the product of the collision rate and an average momentum transfer,the latter being independent of aggregate morphology. Langevin-dynamics simulations show that the diffusive motion of straight-chain aggregates may be described either by a monomer-dependent or an aggregate-average random force, if the shielding factors are appropriately chosen.

Lorenzo Isella; Yannis Drossinos

2010-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

349

Energy Commission Announces Second Webinar for Proposition 39 Program Training  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Proposition 39: California Clean Energy Jobs Act-2013 Program · An overview of the Energy Expenditure PlanEnergy Commission Announces Second Webinar for Proposition 39 Program Training On Tuesday, March 18, 2014, from 9:00 AM to 12:00 noon, the California Energy Commission is hosting a second webinar

350

Energy Commission Announces Proposition 39 Program Training Seminar.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: California Clean Energy Jobs Act-2013 Program · An overview of the Energy Expenditure Plan Handbook, whichEnergy Commission Announces Proposition 39 Program Training Seminar. On Wednesday, March 12, 2014, from 9:00 AM to 12:00 noon, the California Energy Commission is presenting information to Local

351

Public expenditures on education, human capital and growth in Canada: An OLG model analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Much of the current debate in ageing countries focuses on whether governments should increase investments in human capital. We address this issue by simulating the effects of additional education spending using an overlapping-generations model applied to Canada. In the context of population ageing, the results indicate that how the policy is funded has powerful impacts on the targeted outcomes. Higher education incentives may increase the rate of human capital accumulation and mitigate the negative effects of slowing labour force growth. However, the impact depends on the distortions implied by alternative tax instruments and the efficiency of public expenditures on education.

Nabil Annabi; Simon Harvey; Yu Lan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Energy expenditure and food consumption of foraging Imperial cormorants in Patagonia, Argentina  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Imperial Cormorant Phalacrocorax atriceps belongs to the blue-eyed cormorant group, which consists of 13 taxa (Orta 1992). This species is an important top predator of the Patagonian Shelf ecosystem and many ...

Agustina Gmez-Laich; Rory P. Wilson; Emily L. C. Shepard

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

A model to assess the relative impact of policy in transportation energy expenditures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The research reported in this paper uses the 1977 and 1983 Nationwide Personal Transportation Study surveys (NPTS's) to estimate the cross-section and time responses of minority and majority households in terms of variations in vehicles held by the household, VMT per household vehicle, 1983 dollar income of the household, education and age of the household head, transit availability to the household, workers and nonworkers per household, and urban vs rural location.

Santini, D.J.; Vyas, A.D.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Distributional aspects of an energy conserving tax and rebate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Previous work on an energy-conserving well-head tax and rebate has treated consumers as a single, lumped entity. This work investigates energy savings, and, especially, distributional effects over a disaggregated household sector (16 expenditure levels 7 household sizes 4 degrees of urbanization). The approach includes the price effects on indirect as well as direct energy consumption. Reduction in energy demand is insensitive to the distribution of the rebate, i.e., it is dominated by interproduct substitution and technology change. Change in a household's real expenditure is, of course, affected by the rebate scheme. A rebate which maintains real expenditures (i.e., allows consumption of the pre-tax market basket) is designed for different households; this is compared with a flat per-capita rebate. This is done for energy taxes of 100, 224 and 400% (base year = 19721973), yielding energy savings of about 8, 16 and 20%, respectively.

Robert A. Herendeen; Farzaneh Fazel

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

U.S. States - Rankings - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Rankings Rankings Additional State Rankings Consumption Total Energy per Capita Prices Natural Gas Electricity Environment Carbon Dioxide Emissions Expenditures Total Energy per Capita Production Total Energy Crude Oil Natural Gas Coal Electricity More State Ranking Tables › Notes & Sources Consumption Total Energy per Capita: EIA, State Energy Data System, Total Consumption Per Capita Expenditures Total Energy per Capita: EIA, State Energy Data System, Total Expenditures Per Capita Production Total Energy: EIA, State Energy Data System, Total Energy Production Crude Oil: EIA, Petroleum Supply Annual, Crude Oil Production Natural Gas: EIA, Natural Gas Annual, Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production Coal: EIA, Annual Coal Report, Coal Production and Number of Mines by State

356

Increased energy prices: energy savings and equity aspects. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A mathematical model has been developed which approximates the reduction in a household's total energy consumption in response to higher energy prices and different rebate schemes. This model is based on the assumption that energy consumption is a function of a household's real income, prices of different commodities and energy intensities. The amount of energy saved and the change in real expenditure of a household has been calculated for four tax rates; 50%, 100%, 224% and 400%, and five rebate schemes; one regressive, two progressive, one income distribution preserving and the flat per capita rebate. The results indicate that, for a given tax rate, the choice of rebate scheme does not significantly affect the amount of energy conserved by the households. However, the effect of different rebate schemes on a household's real expenditure could be dramatically different.

Herendeen, R.A.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

A fast interactive solution method for large capital expenditure selection problems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In many capital expenditure planning problems, a large number of alternatives compete for the expenditure of the capital budget. Standard integer programming approaches select alternatives to maximize total return, subject to financial and other constraints. For large problems, obtaining an optimal solution may be so time consuming, the slow turn-around time prevents extensive sensitivity analyses. Typically, the constraints in the problem are actually soft and expending a large amount of computing effort to find an optimal solution satisfying these constraints is not necessary. It is more important to understand the value of the constrained resources. It is argued here that, in many cases, the integer programming formulation is not appropriate. In the integer programming formulation, alternatives are selected to fill out the resource constraints and maximize total return, and some of these alternatives are generally not those that give the best return on resource use. By recognizing this, a solution method is developed that provides more useful solutions quickly. This allows for the development of an interactive decision analysis tool.

Roger L. Tobin

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

energy production | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

52 52 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142278352 Varnish cache server energy production Dataset Summary Description The State Energy Data System (SEDS) is compiled by the U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA); it is a comprehensive database of energy statistics by state (and includes totals for the entire US). SEDS includes estimates of energy production, consumption, prices, and expenditures broken down by energy source and sector. Annual estimates are available from 1960 - 2009 for production and consumption estimates and from 1970 - 2009 for price and expenditure estimates. Source EIA Date Released June 30th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown

359

Energy by State | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy by State Energy by State Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy by State Agency/Company /Organization: Google Sector: Energy Focus Area: Economic Development Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: www.google.com/publicdata/explore?ds=djha77o4u941j_ Country: United States Web Application Link: www.google.com/publicdata/explore?ds=djha77o4u941j_ Cost: Free Northern America Energy by State Screenshot References: Public Data Explorer[1] EIA[2] Logo: Energy by State Graph energy data by state using Google's Public Data Explorer. Overview A graphing tool that displays energy data by state, using data from the United States Energy Information Administration. Exploration Categories Energy consumption (Btu) Energy expenditures (current US$)

360

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption Survey-  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

. Total Energy Expenditures by Major Fuel for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 . Total Energy Expenditures by Major Fuel for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 All Buildings* Total Energy Expenditures (million dollars) Number of Buildings (thousand) Floorspace (million square feet) Sum of Major Fuels Electricity Natural Gas Fuel Oil District Heat All Buildings* ............................... 4,645 64,783 92,577 69,032 14,525 1,776 7,245 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 2,552 6,789 12,812 10,348 2,155 292 Q 5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 889 6,585 9,398 7,296 1,689 307 Q 10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 738 11,535 13,140 10,001 2,524 232 Q 25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 241 8,668 10,392 7,871 1,865 127 Q 50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 129 9,057 11,897 8,717 1,868 203 Q

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption Survey-  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

C2A. Total Energy Expenditures by Major Fuel for All Buildings, 2003 C2A. Total Energy Expenditures by Major Fuel for All Buildings, 2003 All Buildings Total Energy Expenditures (million dollars) Number of Buildings (thousand) Floorspace (million square feet) Sum of Major Fuels Electricity Natural Gas Fuel Oil District Heat All Buildings ................................ 4,859 71,658 107,897 82,783 16,010 1,826 7,279 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 2,586 6,922 13,083 10,547 2,227 292 Q 5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 948 7,033 10,443 8,199 1,830 307 Q 10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 810 12,659 15,689 12,172 2,897 238 Q 25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 261 9,382 11,898 9,179 2,054 134 Q 50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 147 10,291 15,171 11,694 2,140 229 Q

362

Awareness Program Fuels Energy Savings Projects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AWARENESS PROGRAM FUELS ENERGY SAVINGS PROJECTS ALEKS M. KLIDZEJS Senior Mechanical Engineer 3M Company Saint Paul, Minnesota ABSTRACT Energy awareness concepts were incorporated as part of a plant energy survey and played a major part... in the followup program. Plant manager support was received and multi-disciplinary task group was established to review and recommend energy saving potentials. Beyond instilling traditional benefits of an awareness program, capital expenditure energy savings...

Klidzejs, A. M.

363

Total Energy - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Superseded -- see MER for key annual tables Superseded -- see MER for key annual tables Annual Energy Review archives for data year: 2011 2010 2009 2008 all archives Go CONTENT CHANGES + EXPAND ALL Changes in Annual Energy Review 2011 Annual Energy Review 2011 Release: September 27, 2012 1. Energy Consumption, Expenditures, and Emissions Indicators Estimates (Table 1.5) has been modified to include columns for Gross Output and Energy Expenditures as Share of Gross Output and remove Greenhouse Gas Emissions per Real Dollar of Gross Domestic Product. 2. Sales of Fossil Fuels Produced on Federal and American Indian Lands (Table 1.14) was previously titled "Fossil Fuel Production on Federally Administered Lands." It has been redesigned and now provides data on sales of fossil fuels from Federal and American Indian lands for fiscal years 2003 through 2011.

364

Capillary Break Beneath a Slab: Polyethylene Sheeting over Aggregate...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Capillary Break Beneath a Slab: Polyethylene Sheeting Over Aggregate Southwestern Pennsylvania PROJECT INFORMATION Project Name: Capillary Break Beneath a Slab: Polyethylene...

365

Energy Policy 34 (2006) 16451658 Technological learning and renewable energy costs: implications for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electricity cost estimates used in energy policy planning models. Sensitivities of the learning rates: Learning by doing; Renewable energy costs; Research expenditures 1. Introduction Changes in the electricity,000 MW by 2000 (McVeigh et al., 1999). Analysts in the private sector produced similar scenarios

Vermont, University of

366

Advancing Energy Systems through Integration  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Advancing Energy Systems Advancing Energy Systems through Integration Presented in partnership with the United States Department of Energy November 20, 2012 Webinar Community Renewable Energy Success Stories: District Heating with Renewable Energy Saint Paul's Community Energy System * Underground network of pipes aggregate heating and cooling needs * Aggregated thermal loads allows application of technologies and fuels not feasible for individual buildings * Increases fuel flexibility, rate stability, and reliability Community Scale Heating and Cooling 4 ever-greenenergy.com Ever-Green Energy Integrated Energy System flexible & renewable fuel sources reliable and effective production & storage hot & chilled water loops maximize energy conservation & reliability

367

EXPENDITURE OBJECT CODES Professional Services PROFESSIONAL SERVICES are those services provided in specialized or highly technical fields by sources outside  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Landscape Architects: Professional engineering, architectural, and landscape architect services performedEXPENDITURE OBJECT CODES ­ Professional Services 2-E page 1 PROFESSIONAL SERVICES are those services provided in specialized or highly technical fields by sources outside of LSU. 5000 Professional

Harms, Kyle E.

368

State government response to income fluctuations: Consumption, insurance, and capital expenditures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper analyzes state government response to changes in the underlying economy with a view to determining whether, and to what extent, state governments respond to economic fluctuations. Specifically, we build impulse response functions from a panel of US states to examine how states cope with changes in economic conditions. We examine current expenditures, as well as Unemployment Insurance, welfare, and capital spending. Further, we examine how both short and long term debt and state government taxes vary with GSP. Our examination of average state government behavior indicates that states respond slowly to changes in the economy, and that they do not utilize some of the institutional features that are purportedly designed to cushion budgetary impacts. Finally, we find that welfare and UI spending follow separate distinct time paths, but not ones seemingly constrained by institutional barriers.

Steven G. Craig; Edward C. Hoang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

The accuracy of financial report projections of future environmental capital expenditures: a research note  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Financial report environmental disclosure has been widely criticized because the extent of disclosure both varies in response to exposures facing the firm and because it is not an accurate measure of firm environmental performance. This study suggests there are at least two potential problems that need to be addressed before this disclosure can be completely condemned as meaningless. A first potential problem is the earlier studies' focus on broad measures of environmental disclosure. Hidden within those broader measures may be pieces of meaningful information. Second, while the disclosure examined previously may not correspond well with past environmental performance, it, or at least parts of it, may still provide meaningful information for assessing future environmental action. This study attempts to address these shortcomings by examining one specific, but potentially useful, category of environmental disclosure: projections of future spending for pollution abatement and control equipment. Based on 355 sets of projected/actual spending drawn from 10K reports filed with the US's Security and Exchange Commission between 1993 and 2002, inclusive, results suggest that the projections may be more misleading than meaningful. Actual spending was lower than the projected amount for more than 75% of the observations, and the mean projection error (the difference adjusted for the size of the projection) was a negative 16.4%. Analysis of projection errors for a 2-year, rather than a 1-year window revealed a similar distribution. In contrast to the accuracy of the environmental capital expenditure projections, the actual/projection difference for total capital expenditures was very small, suggesting that it is not a difficulty in estimating future capital spending that is driving the error results. The projection errors also did not appear to be a function of changes in company revenues or profitability. Overall, therefore, it appears that, similar to broader measures of corporate environmental disclosure, projections of future spending on environmental control lack value.

Dennis M. Patten

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Organizing the Aggregate: Languages for Spatial Computing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As the number of computing devices embedded into engineered systems continues to rise, there is a widening gap between the needs of the user to control aggregates of devices and the complex technology of individual devices. Spatial computing attempts to bridge this gap for systems with local communication by exploiting the connection between physical locality and device connectivity. A large number of spatial computing domain specific languages (DSLs) have emerged across diverse domains, from biology and reconfigurable computing, to sensor networks and agent-based systems. In this paper, we develop a framework for analyzing and comparing spatial computing DSLs, survey the current state of the art, and provide a roadmap for future spatial computing DSL investigation.

Beal, Jacob; Usbeck, Kyle; Viroli, Mirko; Correll, Nikolaus

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Texas AgriLife Extension Service Procedure 21.01.03.X1.01 Expenditure of Funds Page 1 of 1 Texas AgriLife Extension Service Procedures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Texas AgriLife Extension Service Procedure 21.01.03.X1.01 Expenditure of Funds Page 1 of 1 Texas AgriLife Extension Service Procedures 21.01.03.X1.01 EXPENDITURE OF FUNDS Approved: May 11, 2012 Next Scheduled Review: May 11, 2014 PROCEDURE STATEMENT This procedure establishes the guidelines for expenditure

372

Home Energy Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Rebate Program Energy Rebate Program Home Energy Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Other Maximum Rebate $10,000 for energy efficiency improvements (plus $500 for energy audit); $7,500 qualified new 5 Star Plus homes Program Info Funding Source Alaska Housing Finance Corporation State Alaska Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Varies, depending on energy efficiency improvements made Provider Alaska Housing Finance Corporation Under the Home Energy Rebate Program, homeowners who want to make their own energy efficiency improvements on their home can receive a rebate for some of their expenditures. The program requires a home energy rater to evaluate

373

Experimental pressure solution compaction of synthetic halite/calcite aggregates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental pressure solution compaction of synthetic halite/calcite aggregates Sergey Zubtsova of weakening of sediment-like aggregates by addition of hard particles. Sieved mixtures of calcite and halite solution. The individual halite grains deform easily by pressure solution creep whereas calcite grains act

374

Controlling Nanoparticle Aggregation in Colloidal Microwave Absorbers via Interface Chemistry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Controlling Nanoparticle Aggregation in Colloidal Microwave Absorbers via Interface Chemistry Brian ABSTRACT Interface chemistry can be implemented to modulate the aggregation and dispersion of nanoparticles of superparamagnetic magnetite nanoparticles in organic and aqueous solutions. With decrease in solution pH, individual

Stowell, Michael

375

Safe Overprovisioning: Using Power Limits to Increase Aggregate Throughput  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-scalable system components allow for dynamically controlling power consumption with an accompanying ef- fect disruptions occur along with the ability to monitor aggregate power usage [4]. Hardware provides a meansSafe Overprovisioning: Using Power Limits to Increase Aggregate Throughput Mark E. Femal

Reeves, Douglas S.

376

A High-Fidelity Energy Monitoring and Feedback Architecture for Reducing Electrical Consumption in Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that displays energy usage graphs (measured by ACmes) of8.9. In this graph, we re-aggregate energy usage based on

Jiang, Xiaofan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Integration of Electric Energy Storage into Power Systems with Renewable Energy Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

strategy is proposed to optimally manage the charging and discharging operation of energy storage in order to minimize the energy purchasing cost for a distribution system load aggregator in power markets. Different operation strategies of energy storage...

Xu, Yixing 1985-

2012-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

378

Performance-based approach to evaluate alkali-silica reaction potential of aggregate and concrete using dilatometer method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

....................................................... 27 Aggregate Testing................................................................... 28 Cement-Aggregate Combination Testing ............................... 31 Gel Identification............................................................. 110 Chemistry of Pore Solution in Concrete ...................................... 113 Solubility of ASR Gel.................................................................. 113 Determination of Aggregate...

Shon, Chang Seon

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

379

Role of Standard Demand Response Signals for Advanced Automated Aggregation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Emerging standards such as OpenADR enable Demand Response (DR) Resources to interact directly with Utilities and Independent System Operators to allow their facility automation equipment to respond to a variety of DR signals ranging from day ahead to real time ancillary services. In addition, there are Aggregators in todays markets who are capable of bringing together collections of aggregated DR assets and selling them to the grid as a single resource. However, in most cases these aggregated resources are not automated and when they are, they typically use proprietary technologies. There is a need for a framework for dealing with aggregated resources that supports the following requirements: Allows demand-side resources to participate in multiple DR markets ranging from wholesale ancillary services to retail tariffs without being completely committed to a single entity like an Aggregator; Allow aggregated groups of demand-side resources to be formed in an ad hoc fashion to address specific grid-side issues and support the optimization of the collective response of an aggregated group along a number of different dimensions. This is important in order to taylor the aggregated performance envelope to the needs to of the grid; Allow aggregated groups to be formed in a hierarchical fashion so that each group can participate in variety of markets from wholesale ancillary services to distribution level retail tariffs. This paper explores the issues of aggregated groups of DR resources as described above especially within the context of emerging smart grid standards and the role they will play in both the management and interaction of various grid-side entities with those resources.

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Kiliccote, Sila

2011-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

380

Alternative Energy Product Manufacturers Tax Credit | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Product Manufacturers Tax Credit Product Manufacturers Tax Credit Alternative Energy Product Manufacturers Tax Credit < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Solar Wind Maximum Rebate 5% of taxpayer's qualified expenditures Program Info Start Date 7/1/2006 State New Mexico Program Type Industry Recruitment/Support Rebate Amount Determined by New Mexico Department of Taxation and Revenue Provider New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department The Alternative Energy Product Manufacturers tax credit may be claimed for manufacturing alternative energy products and components, including renewable energy systems, fuel cell systems, and electric and hybrid-electric vehicles. Alternative energy components include parts,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

21 - 9630 of 31,917 results. 21 - 9630 of 31,917 results. Download EIS-0343: Draft Environmental Impact Statement COB Energy Facility http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/eis-0343-draft-environmental-impact-statement Download EIS-0228: Record of Decision Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/eis-0228-record-decision Download EIS-0183: Record of Decision Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/eis-0183-record-decision-3 Download EA-1696: Final Environmental Assessment Pantex Renewable Energy Project http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/ea-1696-final-environmental-assessment Download Consortium Template (Expenditure-Based) http://energy.gov/management/downloads/consortium-template-expenditure-based Download Keystone: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-2601)

382

ALKALI AGGREGATE REACTION AND DELAYED ETTRINGITE FORMATION: COMMON FEATURES AND DIFFERENCES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ALKALI AGGREGATE REACTION AND DELAYED ETTRINGITE FORMATION: COMMON FEATURES AND DIFFERENCES Renaud Department, Paris, France Abstract Alkali-Aggregate Reaction (AAR) and Delayed Ettringite Formation (DEF effects 1 INTRODUCTION Alkali Aggregate Reaction (AAR) and Delayed Ettringite Formation (DEF) are internal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

383

Buildings Energy Data Book  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

3.1 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption 3.1 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption 3.2 Commercial Sector Characteristics 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures 3.4 Commercial Environmental Emissions 3.5 Commercial Builders and Construction 3.6 Office Building Markets and Companies 3.7 Retail Markets and Companies 3.8 Hospitals and Medical Facilities 3.9 Educational Facilities 3.10 Hotels/Motels 4Federal Sector 5Envelope and Equipment 6Energy Supply 7Laws, Energy Codes, and Standards 8Water 9Market Transformation Glossary Acronyms and Initialisms Technology Descriptions Building Descriptions Other Data Books Biomass Energy Transportation Energy Power Technologies Hydrogen Download the Entire Book Skip down to the tables Chapter 3 focuses on energy use in the commercial sector. Section 3.1 covers primary and site energy consumption in commercial buildings, as well as the delivered energy intensities of various building types and end uses. Section 3.2 provides data on various characteristics of the commercial sector, including floorspace, building types, ownership, and lifetimes. Section 3.3 provides data on commercial building expenditures, including energy prices. Section 3.4 covers environmental emissions from the commercial sector. Section 3.5 briefly addresses commercial building construction and retrofits. Sections 3.6, 3.7, 3.8, 3.9, and 3.10 provide details on select commercial buildings types, specifically office and retail space, medical facilities, educational facilities, and hotels and motels.

384

Excitation transfer pathways in excitonic aggregates revealed by the stochastic Schrdinger equation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the stochastic Schr\\"odinger equation for the system wave vector and use it to describe the excitation energy transfer dynamics in molecular aggregates. We suggest a quantum-measurement based method of estimating the excitation transfer time. Adequacy of the proposed approach is demonstrated by performing calculations on a model system. The theory is then applied to study the excitation transfer dynamics in a photosynthetic pigment-protein Fenna-Matthews-Olson (FMO) aggregate using both the Debye spectral density and the spectral density obtained from earlier molecular dynamics simulations containing strong vibrational high-frequency modes. The obtained results show that the excitation transfer times in the FMO system are affected by the presence of the vibrational modes, however the transfer pathways remain the same.

Vytautas Abramavicius; Darius Abramavicius

2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

385

Excitation transfer pathways in excitonic aggregates revealed by the stochastic Schr\\"odinger equation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the stochastic Schr\\"odinger equation for the system wave vector and use it to describe the excitation energy transfer dynamics in molecular aggregates. We suggest a quantum-measurement based method of estimating the excitation transfer time. Adequacy of the proposed approach is demonstrated by performing calculations on a model system. The theory is then applied to study the excitation transfer dynamics in a photosynthetic pigment-protein Fenna-Matthews-Olson (FMO) aggregate using both the Debye spectral density and the spectral density obtained from earlier molecular dynamics simulations containing strong vibrational high-frequency modes. The obtained results show that the excitation transfer times in the FMO system are affected by the presence of the vibrational modes, however the transfer pathways remain the same.

Abramavicius, Vytautas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

EIA Energy Efficiency-Iron and Steel Energy Intensity, 1998-2002  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Iron and Steel Manufacturing Energy Intensities, 1998, 2002, and 2006 Below are data for iron and steel industry from the 1998, 2002, and 2006 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS). The tables provide estimates for energy consumed for all purposes, end uses of fuel consumption, offsite-produced fuel consumption, expenditures for purchased energy, as well as energy intensities per value of production and per ton of steel. Energy Consumption 1998, 2002, and 2006 Table 1. Consumption of Energy for All Purposes (First Use) html Table 1 excel table 1. pdf table 1. Table 2. End Uses of Fuel Consumption html table 2. excel table 2. pdf table 2. Table 3. Offsite-Produced Fuel Consumption html table 3. excel table 3. pdf table 3. Table 4. Expenditures for Purchased Energy

387

E-Print Network 3.0 - adenosine diphosphate-induced aggregation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

diphosphate-induced aggregation Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: adenosine diphosphate-induced aggregation Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >>...

388

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali-aggregate reactions strengthening...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Durability Issues K.W. Neale1 Summary: conducted on the FRP rehabilitation of concrete beams suffering from alkali aggregate reaction damage... to alkali aggregate reactions. FRP...

389

E-Print Network 3.0 - aggregation chemistry Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

chemistry Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aggregation chemistry Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Aggregation, Snowflakes, and Viscous...

390

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Macroeconomic Macroeconomic Activity Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 International Energy Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Household Expenditures Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Residential Demand Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Commercial Demand Module. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Industrial Demand Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Transportation Demand Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Electricity Market Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Oil and Gas Supply Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 Petroleum Market Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 Coal Market Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 Renewable Fuels Module . . . . . . . . . . .

391

Practical Limits on Achievable Energy Improvements and Useable Delay Tolerance in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

data gathering is to reduce the energy cost of an aggregation tree. The energy optimal aggregationPractical Limits on Achievable Energy Improvements and Useable Delay Tolerance in Correlation Aware during the data gathering process to improve energy efficiency. In this paper, we study the energy

Sivakumar, Raghupathy

392

Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy newsroomassetsimagesenergy-icon.png Energy Research into alternative forms of energy, and improving and securing the power grid, is a major national security...

393

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

71 - 17180 of 28,560 results. 71 - 17180 of 28,560 results. Rebate Energy Efficient Residential Construction Tax Credit (Corporate) '''''Note: After a 2 year moratorium on all state tax credits, this credit may be claimed for tax year 2012 and subsequent tax years, for eligible expenditures on or after July 1, 2012.''''' http://energy.gov/savings/energy-efficient-residential-construction-tax-credit-corporate Rebate Energy Efficient Residential Construction Tax Credit (Personal) '''''Note: After a 2 year moratorium on all state tax credits, this credit may be claimed for tax year 2012 and subsequent tax years, for eligible expenditures on or after July 1, 2012.''''' http://energy.gov/savings/energy-efficient-residential-construction-tax-credit-personal Rebate Interconnection Guidelines

394

Aggregate Net Metering Opportunities for Local Governments |...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

of Agriculture Other Federal Resources Other Federal Resources Featured Resources Rural Utilities Service Electric Program Rural Energy for America Program Green Power...

395

The Role of Symmetry between the Revenue and the Expenditure Side of the Government Budget in the Debate about the Potential Negative Effects of Tax Competition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effects of capital tax competition are reconsidered in this paper incorporating the argument that the expenditure structure of public budget should reflect its ... paper offers a small open economy model wher...

Anton Jevcak

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Association of Energy Intake and Energy Balance with Postmenopausal Breast Cancer in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...XO, et al. Energy balance and breast...cancer in western New York. Am J Epidemiol...Implication of total energy intake for epidemiologic...Epidemiology. New York (NY): Oxford...Koh YO. A new predictive equation for resting energy expenditure in...

Shih-Chen Chang; Regina G. Ziegler; Barbara Dunn; Rachael Stolzenberg-Solomon; James V. Lacey, Jr.; Wen-Yi Huang; Arthur Schatzkin; Douglas Reding; Robert N. Hoover; Patricia Hartge; and Michael F. Leitzmann

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Private health care expenditure and quality in Beveridge systems: Cross-regional differences in the Italian NHS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Private health care expenditure ranges from 15% to 30% of total healthcare spending in OECD countries. The literature suggests that there should be an inverse correlation between quality of public services and private expenditures. The main objective of this study is to explore the association between quality of public healthcare and private expenditures in the Italian Regional Healthcare Systems (RHSs).The institutional framework offered by the Italian NHS allows to investigate on the differences among the regions while controlling for institutional factors.The study uses micro-data from the ISTAT Household Consumption Survey (HCS) and a rich set of regional quality indicators. The results indicate that there is a positive and significant correlation between quality and private spending per capita across regions. The study also points out the strong association between the distribution of private consumption and income. In order to account for the influence of income, the study segmented data in three socio-economic classes and computed cross-regional correlations of \\{RHSs\\} quality and household healthcare expenditure per capita, within each class. No correlation was found between the two variables.These findings are quite surprising and call into question the theory that better quality of public services crowds out private spending, or, at the very least, it undermines the simplistic notions that higher levels of private spending are a direct consequence of poor quality in the public sector. This suggests that policies should avoid to simplistically link private spending with judgements or assessments about the functioning or efficacy of the public system and its organizations.

Mario Del Vecchio; Lorenzo Fenech; Anna Prenestini

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Investment expenditure and capital accumulation in an inflationary environment: The case of Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The empirical results of the paper show that the private fixed capital accumulation in Turkey is constrained by the demand constraint and the availability of financial resources. The significance of the liquidity variable clearly points out that credit policy and accommodating monetary policy with the lower rates of interests must be the essential elements of economic policies that revive investment in Turkey. It seems from the empirical results that the cost of capital has a significant but discouraging effect on investment expenditure. With this empirical finding it also becomes evident that fiscal stimuli would work in stimulating private investment, they must be the essential components of an investment programme in Turkey. In regard with the purpose of this paper, the variable, namely the willingness-to-invest, that is expected to capture the perception of investors on investment climate, also appears to be significant factors for the overall sample period. Interestingly, the speed of adjustment of private investment from disequilibrium is fairly slow. This is because there may be some frictions (such as heavy tax burden) and/or some structural constraints (e.g. insufficient infrastructure and inadequate legislative structure) in the economy causing this slow down. In reviving private investment, especially in the long run, one must pay attention to the importance of these factors, and appropriate government actions have to be taken.

ner Gnavdi; Ali Erhan Kk

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Moisture Diffusion in Asphalt Binders and Fine Aggregate Mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cost in highway maintenance and vehicle operations. One key mechanism of how moisture reaches the asphalt-aggregate interface is by its permeation or diffusion through the asphalt binder or mastic. Different techniques are available for diffusion...

Vasconcelos, Kamilla L.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

400

The Belief-Function Approach to Aggregating Audit Evidence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article, we present the belief-function approach to aggregating audit evidence. The approach uses an evidential network to represent the structure of audit evidence. In turn, it allows us to treat all types of ...

Srivastava, Rajendra P.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

A representative individual from Arrovian aggregation of parametric individual utilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A representative individual from Arrovian aggregation of parametric individual utilities social choice theory Assumptions Assumption on decisive coalitions Assumptions on individual utility functions Assumptions on the social welfare function Results The socially acceptable utility function

402

Water adsorption on aggregates of spherical aerosol nano particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

graphite planer substrate; the result corresponds well with previous simulation work. Adsorption of both noble gas and water onto a single spherical nano particle and aggregates of spherical nano particles has been computed with the developed equation...

Nie, Chu

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Tangible interfaces for manipulating aggregates of digital information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis develops new approaches for people to physically represent and interact with aggregates of digital information. These support the concept of Tangible User Interfaces (TUIs), a genre of human-computer interaction ...

Ullmer, Brygg Anders

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Ground Motions from and House Response to Underground Aggregate Mining  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

interest because many urban quarries have gone underground or are considering doing so. Three cracks were to determine future blasting controls for a underground aggregate quarry near Franklin, KY (Revey, 2005

405

Characterization of aggregate shape properties using a computer automated system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

????????????????????.. 6 The Influence of Aggregate Shape on Pavement Performance... 7 Hot-mix Asphalt Mixtures?...?.?.???........................ 7 Hydraulic Cement Concrete Mixtures????????... 11 Unbound Layers???????.????????........ 14 Identifying Aggregate... base and subbase layers have a significant influence on the engineering properties of the pavement structure in which they are used (Kandhal and Parker 1998; Saeed et al. 2001; Meininger 1998). The form, angularity, and texture of fine and coarse...

Al Rousan, Taleb Mustafa

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

406

Pushed for time or saving on fuel: fine-scale energy budgets shed light on currencies in a diving bird  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...maximize the gross rate of energy gain. We suggest that the divergence of time and energy costs with dive depth has implications for the measurement of dive efficiency across...diving taxa. time-energy budget|energy expenditure...experimental Daily Diary units in Argentina (Wilson...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Environmental Energy Technologies Division News  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Berkeley Lab Finds Steady Growth Among U.S. ESCOs, Despite Recession Berkeley Lab Finds Steady Growth Among U.S. ESCOs, Despite Recession Aggregate revenue growth rates for U.S. energy service companies (ESCOs) significantly outpaced U.S. gross domestic product growth from 2009 to 2011 and could more than double in size by 2020 according to a new report by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) researchers. Line graph illustrating aggregate insdustry revenues. The long-term projections are: $15.3 billion (High), $13.3 billion (Medium) $10.6 billion (Low) Aggregate industry revenues with long-term projections: 1990-2020 Aggregate industry revenues with long-term projections: 1990-2020 Energy service companies primarily use performance-based contracts to provide energy efficiency, renewable, and other energy-related services

408

Analysis of the Energy Intensity of Industries in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the aggregate energy-intensity of industry. Applied Energyindustries with final energy intensities of 12.3 Billion BtuAs mentioned, the energy intensity of this sector is much

Can, Stephane de la Rue du

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Short-Term Energy and Winter Fuels Outlook October 2013  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

and Winter Fuels Outlook October 2013 1 and Winter Fuels Outlook October 2013 1 October 2013 Short-Term Energy and Winter Fuels Outlook (STEO) Highlights  EIA projects average U.S. household expenditures for natural gas and propane will increase by 13% and 9%, respectively, this winter heating season (October 1 through March 31) compared with last winter. Projected U.S. household expenditures are 2% higher for electricity and 2% lower for heating oil this winter. Although EIA expects average expenditures for households that heat with natural gas will be significantly higher than last winter, spending for gas heat will still be lower than the previous 5-year average (see EIA Short-Term Energy and Winter Fuels Outlook slideshow).  Brent crude oil spot prices fell from a recent peak of $117 per barrel in early September to

410

Juvenile salmon with high standard metabolic rates have higher energy costs but can process meals faster  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...a greater total energy expenditure when...shorter. The greater energy costs they incur...their assimilation efficiency. These relationships...as the level of energy consumption when...defended, such as pools in rivers (Nakano...insufficient to prompt swimming, and therefore...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Increased Protein Turnover Despite Normal Energy Metabolism and Responses to Feeding in Patients with Lung Cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...for assessing rates of energy expenditure, nutrient...responses of protein and energy metabolism to food intake...composition, assessed by measurements of body water content...the thoracic surgical unit. All subjects were ambulant...Joint 1125 PROTEIN AND ENERGY METABOLISM IN CANCER...

Sheila Melville; Margaret A. McNurlan; A. Graham Calder; and Peter J. Garlick

1990-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

412

End-to-end aggregate authentication of time-series data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the problem of providing integrity of aggregate result in the presence of an untrusted data aggregator who may introduce errors into data fusion, causing the final aggregate result to far deviate from the true result determined by participating ... Keywords: aggregate authentication, computation over authenticated data, time-series

Di Ma; Yan Zhu; Mengyang Yu

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

A cohort analysis of household vehicle expenditure in the U.S. and Japan: A possibility of generational marketing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper shows the usefulness of cohort analysis for generational marketing. Aggregate data classified by age and period are decomposed into age, period, and generational cohort effects. We compare two cohort-a...

Kosei Fukuda

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Housing subsidies and tax expenditures: The case of mortgage credit certificates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In many developed countries, the most significant housing subsidy programs are funded by tax expenditures rather than direct appropriations. Beyond the subsidy to homeownership under the personal income tax, the U.S. tax code provides additional subsidies to specific groups of homeowners. For example, the Mortgage Revenue Bond program (MRB) permits lower levels of government to issue tax-exempt debt, using the proceeds to supply mortgages at below-market interest rates to deserving households. States are also permitted to issue and distribute Mortgage Credit Certificates (MCCs) which entitle recipient homeowners to claim a tax credit for some portion of the mortgage interest paid rather than the tax deduction claimed by other homeowners. This paper documents the wide variations in reliance upon \\{MCCs\\} and \\{MRBs\\} across U.S. states and the emergence of Mortgage Credit Certificates as the largest housing program administered by California, the largest U.S. state. The paper also provides an economic analysis of the MCC program using micro data on more than 12 thousand program recipients in California. We estimate the extent and distribution of MCC subsidies across income and demographic groups, measuring the dollar amount of federal subsidies and their effects upon the user cost of residential capital and the demand price of housing. We estimate Poisson models of the geographic incidence of MCC subsidies across neighborhoods of varying socio-demographic composition and deprivation. Finally, we note differences in the administrative and programmatic costs of \\{MCCs\\} and MRBs, suggesting that there are clear reasons to favor Mortgage Credit Certificates as a means of subsidizing deserving households.

Erica Greulich; John M. Quigley

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Indian Energy News Archive | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

June 28, 2012 June 28, 2012 USDA Seeks Applications for Grants to Assist Rural Communities with Extremely High Energy Costs Applications are due July 30, 2012, for USDA Rural Development grants to assist communities where expenditures for home energy exceed 275% of the national average. June 25, 2012 EM Convenes Historic Meeting with Leaders of Tribal Nations DOE Office of Environmental Management (EM) made history by bringing together leaders of eight Tribal Nations to discuss progress in the nuclear cleanup and build partnerships to better shape the future of DOE sites. May 24, 2012 Alaska Native Tribes Receive Technical Assistance for Local Clean Energy Projects Energy Department and Denali Commission Announce Partnership to Strengthen Tribal Energy in Alaska March 21, 2012

416

Proposals Submitted FY13 Awards Received, FY13 Expenditures FY13 College/Center No.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Alpha Spectro Polarimeter Low Cost Heliostat Development Advanced Scintillating Fiber Technology for High Energy

Alabama in Huntsville, University of

417

Buildings Energy Data Book  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

1.1 Buildings Sector Energy Consumption 1.1 Buildings Sector Energy Consumption 1.2 Building Sector Expenditures 1.3 Value of Construction and Research 1.4 Environmental Data 1.5 Generic Fuel Quad and Comparison 1.6 Embodied Energy of Building Assemblies 2The Residential Sector 3Commercial Sector 4Federal Sector 5Envelope and Equipment 6Energy Supply 7Laws, Energy Codes, and Standards 8Water 9Market Transformation Glossary Acronyms and Initialisms Technology Descriptions Building Descriptions Other Data Books Biomass Energy Transportation Energy Power Technologies Hydrogen Download the Entire Book Skip down to the tables Chapter 1 provides an overview of energy use in the U.S. buildings sector, which includes single- and multi-family residences and commercial buildings. Commercial buildings include offices, stores, restaurants, warehouses, other buildings used for commercial purposes, and government buildings. Section 1.1 presents data on primary energy consumption, as well as energy consumption by end use. Section 1.2 focuses on energy and fuel expenditures in U.S. buildings. Section 1.3 provides estimates of construction spending, R&D, and construction industry employment. Section 1.4 covers emissions from energy use in buildings, construction waste, and other environmental impacts. Section 1.5 discusses key measures used throughout the Data Book, such as a quad, primary versus delivered energy, and carbon emissions. Section 1.6 provides estimates of embodied energy for various commercial building assemblies. The main points from this chapter are summarized below:

418

Oxygen Limitation within a Bacterial Aggregate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...standard deviation of the average of cells exposed to 2...and Doring G. 2002. Effects of reduced mucus oxygen...Lewandowski Z. 1994. Effects of biofilm structures...Dietrich LE , Okegbe C, Price-Whelan A, Sakhtah...capability. Energy Fuels 20 :1565-1571. doi...

Aimee K. Wessel; Talha A. Arshad; Mignon Fitzpatrick; Jodi L. Connell; Roger T. Bonnecaze; Jason B. Shear; Marvin Whiteley

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Heavy Petroleum Composition. 3. Asphaltene Aggregation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ever-increasing worldwide demand for energy has led to the upgrading of heavy crude oil and asphaltene-rich feedstocks becoming viable refining options for the petroleum industry. ... fractions of heavy petroleums were examd. ... changes, introduction of miscible gases and liqs., mixing with diluents and other oils, and, during acid stimulation, hot oiling and other oilfield operations. ...

Amy M. McKenna; Lynda J. Donald; Jade E. Fitzsimmons; Priyanka Juyal; Victor Spicer; Kenneth G. Standing; Alan G. Marshall; Ryan P. Rodgers

2013-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

420

Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy ... Scientific Challenges in Sustainable Energy Technology, by Nathan S. Lewis of the California Institute of Technology, summarizes data on energy resources and analyses the implications for human society. ... ConfChem Conference on Educating the Next Generation: Green and Sustainable ChemistrySolar Energy: A Chemistry Course on Sustainability for General Science Education and Quantitative Reasoning ...

John W. Moore

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

RAPID COAGULATION OF POROUS DUST AGGREGATES OUTSIDE THE SNOW LINE: A PATHWAY TO SUCCESSFUL ICY PLANETESIMAL FORMATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rapid orbital drift of macroscopic dust particles is one of the major obstacles to planetesimal formation in protoplanetary disks. We re-examine this problem by considering the porosity evolution of dust aggregates. We apply a porosity model based on recent N-body simulations of aggregate collisions, which allows us to study the porosity change upon collision for a wide range of impact energies. As a first step, we neglect collisional fragmentation and instead focus on dust evolution outside the snow line, where the fragmentation has been suggested to be less significant than inside the snow line because of the high sticking efficiency of icy particles. We show that dust particles can evolve into highly porous aggregates (with internal densities of much less than 0.1 g cm{sup -3}) even if collisional compression is taken into account. We also show that the high porosity triggers significant acceleration in collisional growth. This acceleration is a natural consequence of the particles' aerodynamical properties at low Knudsen numbers, i.e., at particle radii larger than the mean free path of the gas molecules. Thanks to this rapid growth, the highly porous aggregates are found to overcome the radial drift barrier at orbital radii less than 10 AU (assuming the minimum-mass solar nebula model). This suggests that, if collisional fragmentation is truly insignificant, formation of icy planetesimals is possible via direct collisional growth of submicron-sized icy particles.

Okuzumi, Satoshi; Kobayashi, Hiroshi [Department of Physics, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8602 (Japan); Tanaka, Hidekazu [Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0819 (Japan); Wada, Koji, E-mail: okuzumi@nagoya-u.jp [Planetary Exploration Research Center, Chiba Institute of Technology, Narashino, Chiba 275-0016 (Japan)

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

422

Rapid Coagulation of Porous Dust Aggregates outside the Snow Line: A Pathway to Successful Icy Planetesimal Formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rapid orbital drift of macroscopic dust particles is one of the major obstacles to planetesimal formation in protoplanetary disks. We re-examine this problem by considering the porosity evolution of dust aggregates. We apply a porosity model based on recent N-body simulations of aggregate collisions, which allows us to study the porosity change upon collision for a wide range of impact energies. As a first step, we neglect collisional fragmentation and instead focus on dust evolution outside the snow line, where the fragmentation has been suggested to be less significant than inside the snow line because of the high sticking efficiency of icy particles. We show that dust particles can evolve into highly porous aggregates (with internal densities of much less than 0.1 g cm3) even if collisional compression is taken into account. We also show that the high porosity triggers significant acceleration in collisional growth. This acceleration is a natural consequence of the particles' aerodynamical properties at low Knudsen numbers, i.e., at particle radii larger than the mean free path of the gas molecules. Thanks to this rapid growth, the highly porous aggregates are found to overcome the radial drift barrier at orbital radii less than 10AU (assuming the minimum-mass solar nebula model). This suggests that, if collisional fragmentation is truly insignificant, formation of icy planetesimals is possible via direct collisional growth of submicron-sized icy particles.

Satoshi Okuzumi; Hidekazu Tanaka; Hiroshi Kobayashi; Koji Wada

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

NACP Site-Model and Aggregated Flux Data Published  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Site-Model and Aggregated Flux Data Published Site-Model and Aggregated Flux Data Published The ORNL DAAC is pleased to announce the release of a data set from the North American Carbon Program (NACP): NACP Site: Terrestrial Biosphere Model and Aggregated Flux Data in Standard Format . Data set prepared by D.M. Ricciuto, K. Schaefer, P.E. Thornton, K. Davis, R.B. Cook, Shishi Liu, R. Anderson, M.A. Arain, I. Baker, J.M. Chen, M. Dietze, R. Grant, C. Izaurralde, A.K. Jain, A.W. King, C. Kucharik, Shuguang Liu, E. Lokupitiya, Y. Luo, C. Peng, B. Poulter, D. Price, W. Riley, A. Sahoo, H. Tian, C. Tonitto, and H. Verbeeck. This data set provides standardized output variables for gross primary productivity (GPP), net ecosystem exchange (NEE), leaf area index (LAI), ecosystem respiration (Re), latent heat flux (LE), and sensible heat flux (H) from 24

424

Ferrofluid aggregates phase transitions in the planar magnetic field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The influence of the cyclic heating and cooling on properties of the aggregates (aka "ferrofluid clusters") in a ferrofluid, which made on the basis of magnetite nanoparticles, are investigated. The heating of the ferrofluid layer with such aggregates leads to equalization of the concentration between high- and low-concentrated phases. The temperature of the equalization of the phase concentrations was determined at different values of an external constant magnetic field, which was applied parallel to the layer of the ferrofluid. The temperature of the destruction of a periodic structure of the magnetic aggregates, which were formed during cooling of a homogeneous phase of the ferrofluid, was obtained at the different values of the applied external magnetic field.

V. F. Kovalenko; M. V. Petrychuk; B. M. Tanygin; S. I. Shulyma

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

425

PRODUCTION OF CONSTRUCTION AGGREGATES FROM FLUE GAS DESULFURIZATION SLUDGE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The three main conclusions of this report are: (1) The pilot plant successfully demonstrated the continuous, fully-integrated, long-term process operation, including the mixing, pelletizing, and curing steps for aggregate production. The curing vessel, which was designed for the pilot plant test, was operated in a mass flow mode and performed well during pilot plant operation. (2) The pilot plant test demonstrated process flexibility. The same equipment was used to produce lightweight, medium-weight, and road aggregates. The only change was the mix formulation. Aggregates were produced from a variety of mix designs and from FGD sludge with solids concentrations between 45.0% and 56.7% and moisture contents between 55.0% and 43.3%. (3) The pilot plant provided operating data and experience to design and cost a commercial plant, which was not part of the cooperative agreement.

M.M. Wu; D.C. McCoy; R.O. Scandrol; M.L. Fenger; J.A. Withum; R.M. Statnick

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Effects of the declining groundwater supply in the northern high plains of Oklahoma and Texas on community service expenditures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECTS OF THE DECLINING GROUNDWATER SUPPLY IN THE NORTHERN HIGH PLAINS OF OKLAHOMA AND TEXAS ON COMMUNITY SERVICE EXPENDITURES A Thesis by GEORGE HERBERT WILLIFORD III II, Submi. tted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University... in Partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE liay 1976 Major Sub j ec t: Ag r1 cu1tura1 Economi cs EFFECTS OF THE DECLINING GROUNDWATER SUPPLY IN THE NORTHERN HIGH PLAINS OF OKLAHOMA AND TEXAS ON COMMUNITY SERVICE...

Williford, George Herbert

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

427

Effects of internal mixing and aggregate morphology on optical properties  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Effects of internal mixing and aggregate morphology on optical properties Effects of internal mixing and aggregate morphology on optical properties of black carbon using a discrete dipole approximation model Title Effects of internal mixing and aggregate morphology on optical properties of black carbon using a discrete dipole approximation model Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2013 Authors Scarnato, B., S. Vahidinia, D. T. Richard, and Thomas W. Kirchstetter Journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Volume 12 Pagination 26401-26434 Abstract According to recent studies, internal mixing of black carbon (BC) with other aerosol materials in the atmosphere alters its aggregate shape, absorption of solar radiation, and radiative forcing. These mixing state effects are not yet fully understood. In this study, we characterize the morphology and mixing state of bare BC and BC internally mixed with sodium chloride (NaCl) using electron microscopy and examine the sensitivity of optical properties to BC mixing state and aggregate morphology using a discrete dipole approximation model (DDSCAT). DDSCAT predicts a higher mass absorption coefficient, lower single scattering albedo (SSA), and higher absorption Angstrom exponent (AAE) for bare BC aggregates that are lacy rather than compact. Predicted values of SSA at 550 nm range between 0.18 and 0.27 for lacy and compact aggregates, respectively, in agreement with reported experimental values of 0.25 ± 0.05. The variation in absorption with wavelength does not adhere precisely to a power law relationship over the 200 to 1000 nm range. Consequently, AAE values depend on the wavelength region over which they are computed. In the 300 to 550 nm range, AAE values ranged in this study from 0.70 for compact to 0.95 for lacy aggregates. The SSA of BC internally mixed with NaCl (100-300 nm in radius) is higher than for bare BC and increases with the embedding in the NaCl. Internally mixed BC SSA values decrease in the 200-400 nm wavelength range, a feature also common to the optical properties of dust and organics. Linear polarization features are also predicted in DDSCAT and are dependent on particle morphology. The bare BC (with a radius of 80 nm) presents in the linear polarization a bell shape feature, which is a characteristic of the Rayleigh regime (for particles smaller than the wavelength of incident radiation). When BC is internally mixed with NaCl (100-300 nm in radius), strong depolarization features for near-VIS incident radiation are evident, such as a decrease in the intensity and multiple modes at different angles corresponding to different mixing states.

428

Investigation for determining the curing characteristics of lightweight aggregate concrete  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reached in froa 65 to 70 days for clay and shale con- ctetece The possibility of the entrapped or absorbed water in the aggregate acting as a self curing agent for lightweight aggregate concrete and the supporting statcscents concerning the slower than... standard 5/8 inch roue@, bullet~ tamping rod, while the beams wars compacted by being roddsd 55 times on each of two equal S inch layers with the standard tamping rod, The concrete an both sides and at the ends of the bxsm mold was spaded with a travel...

Carlton, Thomas Arlis

1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Evaluation of synthetic aggregates for use in concrete  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of synthetic aggregates may result in 4 irregular aggrege. te behavior with respect to those test procedures. Investigators at the Texas Transportation Institute have sug- g sted some new r. echniques to evaluate the synthet. ic ageregate. Some... in firing temperature and retention t5me, although pressure s1aking losses of all ag, regates were very low which indicated that the dehydration process of all aggro ates wa complete. 11. The NuOH test was able to detect the vari. ation of aggre- gate...

Ahmad, Hafizuddin

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Experimental Evaluation of New Generation Aggregate Image Measurement System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

....................................................................... 90 Fig. 4.10. Half-Normal Plot of the Sphericity of the Light 9.5mm (0.375in) Coarse Aggregate Used in Experiment 5 ..................................................................... 91 Fig. 4.11. Light 4.75mm (ASTM #4 Sieve... of the Angularity of the Dark 1.18 mm (ASTM #16 Sieve) Fine Aggregate Used in Experiment 7 ................................................ 108 Fig. 4.26. Half-Normal Plot of the 2D Form of the Dark 1.18 mm (ASTM #16 Sieve...

Gates, Leslie L.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

431

Single Cell Motion in Aggregates of Embryonic Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate the motion of individual pigmented retinal cells in aggregates of neural retinal cells obtained from chicken embryos. Individual cells in aggregates move randomly in the absence of chemical or adhesion gradients: the power spectrum of position and velocity versus time correspond to Brownian motion and the velocities are uncorrelated in time. Thus a quasithermal model of cell migration like the extended Potts model is appropriate. We also measure cell diffusivity and the cell velocity distribution. The results support the idea that collections of embryonic cells behave as liquids with membrane fluctuations playing the role of temperature.

Jos C. M. Mombach and James A. Glazier

1996-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

432

Effect of local energy supply to a hypersonic flow on the drag of bodies with different nose bluntness  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Parameters of the axisymmetric flow around bodies with different bluntness are compared in the case of constant energy supply to the main hypersonic flow. Flow structures, drag coefficients, and expenditure of energy on overcoming drag are analyzed with the effect of thermal energy on the flow taken into account for different bodies with equal volume.

Borzov, V.Yu.; Rybka, I.V.; Yur`ev, A.S. [A.F. Mozhaisky Military Space Engineering Academy, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Energy Disaggregation via Discriminative Sparse Coding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,ang}@cs.stanford.edu Abstract Energy disaggregation is the task of taking a whole-home energy signal and sep- arating fuels [28]; without any effort to curb energy consumption or use different sources of energy, most], involves taking an aggregated energy signal, for example the total power consumption of a house as read

Ng, Andrew Y.

434

Energy Information Administration (EIA)- Manufacturing Energy Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Steel Industry Analysis Brief Change Topic: Steel | Chemical Steel Industry Analysis Brief Change Topic: Steel | Chemical JUMP TO: Introduction | Energy Consumption | Energy Expenditures | Producer Prices and Production | Energy Intensity | Energy Management Activities Introduction The steel industry is critical to the U.S. economy. Steel is the material of choice for many elements of construction, transportation, manufacturing, and a variety of consumer products. It is the backbone of bridges, skyscrapers, railroads, automobiles, and appliances. Most grades of steel used today - particularly high-strength steels that are lighter and more versatile - were not available a decade ago.1 The U.S. steel industry (including iron production) relies significantly on natural gas and coal coke and breeze for fuel, and is one of the largest

435

Energy Information Administration (EIA)- Manufacturing Energy Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Chemical Industry Analysis Brief Change Topic: Steel | Chemical Chemical Industry Analysis Brief Change Topic: Steel | Chemical JUMP TO: Introduction | Energy Consumption | Energy Expenditures | Producer Prices and Production | Energy Intensity | Energy Management Activities | Fuel Switching Capacity Introduction The chemical industries are a cornerstone of the U.S. economy, converting raw materials such as oil, natural gas, air, water, metals, and minerals into thousands of various products. Chemicals are key materials for producing an extensive assortment of consumer goods. They are also crucial materials in creating many resources that are essential inputs to the numerous industries and sectors of the U.S. economy.1 The manufacturing sector is classified by the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) of which the chemicals sub-sector is NAICS

436

Microsoft Word - Household Energy Use CA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 20 40 60 80 100 US PAC CA Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 US PAC CA Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 US PAC CA Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $250 $500 $750 $1,000 $1,250 $1,500 US PAC CA Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household  California households use 62 million Btu of energy per home, 31% less than the U.S. average. The lower than average site consumption results in households spending 30% less for energy than the U.S. average.  Average site electricity consumption in California homes is among the lowest in the nation, as the mild climate in much of the state leads to less reliance on

437

Microsoft Word - Household Energy Use CA  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 20 40 60 80 100 US PAC CA Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 US PAC CA Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 US PAC CA Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $250 $500 $750 $1,000 $1,250 $1,500 US PAC CA Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household  California households use 62 million Btu of energy per home, 31% less than the U.S. average. The lower than average site consumption results in households spending 30% less for energy than the U.S. average.  Average site electricity consumption in California homes is among the lowest in the nation, as the mild climate in much of the state leads to less reliance on

438

Reduce Operating Costs with an EnergySmart School Project  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Operating Costs with an Operating Costs with an EnergySmart School Project Energy costs are a school district's second highest expenditure after personnel. Public schools currently spend more than $8 billion per year for energy. School ener- gy expenditures rose, on average, 20 percent per year between 2000 and 2002-and the costs continue to rise. Natural gas prices alone increased 14 percent annually between 2003 and 2006. Improving a school's energy efficiency doesn't have to cost millions. In fact, schools can cut their energy expenses by 5 to 20 percent simply by efficiently managing and operating physical plants. This holds true regardless of the age of a school building. A smart O&M program can improve an existing school's energy performance An O&M program can be a simple initiative or a

439

EA-1852: Cloud County Community College Wind Energy Project, Cloud County, Kansas  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to authorize the expenditure of federal funds by Cloud County Community College (CCCC) for a wind energy project. CCCC has installed three wind turbines and proposes to install a fourth turbine on their campus in Concordia, Kansas, for use in their wind energy training curriculum and to provide electricity for their campus.

440

NASA/TM-1998-208419 Buckets: Aggregative, Intelligent Agents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May 1998 NASA/TM-1998-208419 Buckets: Aggregative, Intelligent Agents for Publishing Michael L Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia #12;The NASA STI Program Office ... in Profile Since its founding, NASA has been dedicated to the advancement of aeronautics and space science. The NASA Scientific

Nelson, Michael L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Private Top-Aggregation Protocols Myungsun Kim1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- items, data privacy, user privacy 1 Introduction Privacy has become a big concern in many applications jhcheon@snu.ac.kr 4 Department of Electrical Engineering Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology yongdaek@ee.kaist.ac.kr Abstract. In this paper, we revisit the private top- data aggregation

442

Finding Aggregate Proximity Relationships and Commonalities in Spatial Data Mining  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Finding Aggregate Proximity Relationships and Commonalities in Spatial Data Mining Edwin M. Knorr interested in mining spatial data. Due to the ever­growing uses of spatial systems such as GIS's, there are already huge amounts of spatial data accumulated, presenting ample opportunities for data analysis

Knorr, Edwin M.

443

Secure Aggregation for Wireless Networks Lingxuan Hu David Evans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. To conserve power, intermediate network nodes should aggregate results from individual sensors. However nodes within the network and use them to transmit false messages. Further, an adversary may compromise of the messages themselves to be unnecessary and focus only on the integrity of the results transmitted

Evans, David

444

Using Aggregate Human Genome Data for Individual Identification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Aggregate Human Genome Data for Individual Identification Yue Wang, Xintao Wu, Xinghua Shi. For example, 1000 genome project [2] provides the public with free services like browsing and downloading DNA,x.shi}@uncc.edu Abstract--Data privacy in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) is a critical yet under-exploited research

Wu, Xintao

445

A Wily Recruiter in the Battle Against Toxic ? Amyloid Aggregation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...recruiter in the battle against toxic beta amyloid aggregation. | Comment News | 0 Amyloid beta-Peptides 0 Ligands 0 Piperidines 0 SLF-CR compound 573-58-0 Congo Red EC 5.2.1.- Tacrolimus Binding Proteins | Amyloid beta-Peptides chemistry metabolism...

Ingrid Wickelgren

2004-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

446

Twitinfo: aggregating and visualizing microblogs for event exploration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microblogs are a tremendous repository of user-generated content about world events. However, for people trying to understand events by querying services like Twitter, a chronological log of posts makes it very difficult to get a detailed understanding ... Keywords: twitter visualization streaming aggregate sentiment

Adam Marcus; Michael S. Bernstein; Osama Badar; David R. Karger; Samuel Madden; Robert C. Miller

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Vacancy Chains Provide Aggregate Benefits To Coenobita clypeatus Hermit Crabs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vacancy Chains Provide Aggregate Benefits To Coenobita clypeatus Hermit Crabs Sara M. Lewis-dwelling clownfish and cavity-nesting birds. Vacancy chain theory was developed in social sci- ence research to describe how vacancies involving discrete, reusable resources such as apartments or jobs will propagate

Lewis, Sara

448

Effects of internal mixing and aggregate morphology on optical properties  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 3 Authors Scarnato, Barbara V., Sanaz Vahidinia, D. T. Richard, and Thomas W. Kirchstetter Journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Volume 13 Start Page 5089 Issue 10 Pagination 5089 - 5101 Date Published 05/2013 Abstract According to recent studies, internal mixing of black carbon (BC) with other aerosol materials in the atmosphere alters its aggregate shape, absorption of solar radiation, and radiative forcing. These mixing state effects are not yet fully understood. In this study, we characterize the morphology and mixing state of bare BC and BC internally mixed with sodium chloride (NaCl) using electron microscopy and examine the sensitivity of optical properties to BC mixing state and aggregate morphology using a discrete dipole approximation model (DDSCAT). DDSCAT is flexible in simulating the geometry and refractive index of particle aggregates. DDSCAT predicts a higher mass absorption coefficient (MAC), lower single scattering albedo (SSA), and higher absorption Angstrom exponent (AAE) for bare BC aggregates that are lacy rather than compact. Predicted values of SSA at 550 nm range between 0.16 and 0.27 for lacy and compact aggregates, respectively, in agreement with reported experimental values of 0.25 ± 0.05. The variation in absorption with wavelength does not adhere precisely to a power law relationship over the 200 to 1000 nm range. Consequently, AAE values depend on the wavelength region over which they are computed. The MAC of BC (averaged over the 200-1000 nm range) is amplified when internally mixed with NaCl (100-300 nm in radius) by factors ranging from 1.0 for lacy BC aggregates partially immersed in NaCl to 2.2 for compact BC aggregates fully immersed in NaCl. The SSA of BC internally mixed with NaCl is higher than for bare BC and increases with the embedding in the NaCl. Internally mixed BC SSA values decrease in the 200-400 nm wavelength range, a feature also common to the optical properties of dust and organics. Linear polarization features are also predicted in DDSCAT and are dependent on particle size and morphology.

449

Dipole Relaxation, Aggregation, and X-Ray Effects in KCl Doped with Eu++, Yb++, or Sm++  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The behavior of impurity-vacancy (I-V) dipoles has been studied in KCl single crystals doped with Eu++, Yb++, or Sm++, using the ionic-thermocurrents technique. The activation energies and frequency factors for dipole relaxation have been determined. The aggregation of these dipoles in KCl: Eu++ follows third-order kinetics in the temperature range 295-323 K, and their decay rate is comparable to that of KCl: Sr++. The activation energy and frequency factor for the formation of trimers have also been determined. It has proved possible to destroy these rare-earth I-V dipolar systems by irradiation with x rays, and to recover them on subsequent heating or irradiation with a Xe-Hg lamp. This process is postulated to take place through charge conversion of the I-V dipole constituents.

S. Unger and M. M. Perlman

1972-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

450

Energy Value vs. Energy Cost: A Fundamental Concept of Economics Applied to Cogeneration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

known as MESA (Modular Energy System Analyzer).* CONCLUSIONS Economic cogeneration by any reasonable def ini tion is a desirable practice. The effective application of principles and concepts that lead to minimum expenditure of resources... been very accurately calculated by the use of MESA. The value of the shaft power has been estab lished by the alternative option of pur chased elec tr ical energy at a known incremental cost. These examples do not aPl?ly universally to all steam...

Viar, W. L.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Nonlinear Analysis and Dynamic Structure in the Energy Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research assesses the dynamic structure of the energy sector of the aggregate economy in the context of nonlinear mechanisms. Earlier studies have focused mainly on the price of the energy products when detecting nonlinearities in time series...

Aghababa, Hajar

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

452

An Obesity-Associated FTO Gene Variant and Increased Energy Intake in Children  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Childhood obesity is a major public health problem in most affluent countries, despite policies targeted toward reducing its prevalence. Impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes are currently being diagnosed in overweight children,, along with associated risk factors for cardiovascular... This study genotyped children for an obesity-associated variant of the FTO gene and measured adiposity, energy expenditure, and food intake in a subsample. This variant does not appear to be involved in the regulation of energy expenditure but may play a role in the control of food intake and food choice.

Cecil J.E.Tavendale R.Watt P.Hetherington M.M.Palmer C.N.A.

2008-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

453

Roughening due to edge diffusion for irreversible aggregation C. Ratsch,1,2,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Roughening due to edge diffusion for irreversible aggregation C. Ratsch,1,2, * M. C. Wheeler,2 for epitaxial growth enhances surface roughening for a model of irreversible aggregation. The reason

Ratsch, Christian

454

Real-time push middleware and mobile application for electric vehicle smart charging and aggregation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a real-time push middleware and mobile application for data and multimedia content delivery to enable electric vehicle smart charging and aggregation. Intelligent aggregation and charge scheduling software can leverage the battery ...

Siddhartha Mal; Rajit Gadh

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Aggregation of ?-crystallins associated with human cataracts via domain swapping at the C-terminal ?-strands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The prevalent eye disease age-onset cataract is associated with aggregation of human ?D-crystallins, one of the longest-lived proteins. Identification of the ?-crystallin precursors to aggregates is crucial for developing ...

Das, Payel

456

Analysis of aggregate imaging system (AIMS) measurements and their relationship to asphalt pavement skid resistance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

texture index and variability in texture within an aggregate source is proposed instead of the British Polish Value (BPV) for classifying aggregates used in pavement surfaces. The second part of the thesis investigates the relationship between shape...

Luce, Anthony David

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

457

Influence of coarse aggregate size, shape and surface texture on rutting of hot mix asphalt concrete  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objectives of this study were to: 1 ) Evaluate the influence of coarse aggregate shape and surface texture on deformation characteristics of asphalt concrete, 2) Characterize aggregate elongation, shape and texture using fractal dimensional...

Yeggoni, Mohan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

458

Buildings Energy Data Book  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

2.1 Residential Sector Energy Consumption 2.1 Residential Sector Energy Consumption 2.2 Residential Sector Characteristics 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures 2.4 Residential Environmental Data 2.5 Residential Construction and Housing Market 2.6 Residential Home Improvements 2.7 Multi-Family Housing 2.8 Industrialized Housing 2.9 Low-Income Housing 3Commercial Sector 4Federal Sector 5Envelope and Equipment 6Energy Supply 7Laws, Energy Codes, and Standards 8Water 9Market Transformation Glossary Acronyms and Initialisms Technology Descriptions Building Descriptions Other Data Books Biomass Energy Transportation Energy Power Technologies Hydrogen Download the Entire Book Skip down to the tables Chapter 2 focuses on energy use in the U.S. residential buildings sector. Section 2.1 provides data on energy consumption by fuel type and end use, as well as energy consumption intensities for different housing categories. Section 2.2 presents characteristics of average households and changes in the U.S. housing stock over time. Sections 2.3 and 2.4 address energy-related expenditures and residential sector emissions, respectively. Section 2.5 contains statistics on housing construction, existing home sales, and mortgages. Section 2.6 presents data on home improvement spending and trends. Section 2.7 describes the industrialized housing industry, including the top manufacturers of various manufactured home products. Section 2.8 presents information on low-income housing and Federal weatherization programs. The main points from this chapter are summarized below:

459

Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Federal, State, local, and foreign governments, EIA survey respondents, and the media. For further information, and for answers to questions on energy statistics, please...

460

Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Energy Energy Express Licensing Accelerator-Driven Transmutation Of Spent Fuel Elements Express Licensing Acid-catalyzed dehydrogenation of amine-boranes Express Licensing Air Breathing Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Express Licensing Aligned Crystalline Semiconducting Film On A Glass Substrate And Method Of Making Express Licensing Anion-Conducting Polymer, Composition, And Membrane Express Licensing Apparatus for Producing Voltage and Current Pulses Express Licensing Biaxially oriented film on flexible polymeric substrate Express Licensing Corrosion Test Cell For Bipolar Plates Express Licensing Device for hydrogen separation and method Negotiable Licensing Durable Fuel Cell Membrane Electrode Assembly (MEA) Express Licensing Energy Efficient Synthesis Of Boranes Express Licensing

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Intertemporally non?separable monetary?asset risk adjustment and aggregation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of monetary assets, and originated the Divisia monetary aggregates to track the theorys quantity and price aggregator functions nonparametrically. The monetary aggregation theory was extended to risk by Barnett (1995) and Barnett, Hinich, and Yue (2000...). In producing the Divisia index approximations to the theorys aggregator functions under risk, Barnett, Liu, and Jensen (1997) and Barnett and Liu (2000) showed that a risk adjustment term should be added to the certainty-equivalent user cost in a...

Barnett, William A.; Wu, Shu

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Senior Professional (SL/ST) Performance Cycle- Aggregate Results FY 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The memorandum releases the FY 2013 aggregate results for DOE's Senior Professional members and provides a summary of past results.

463

Eagle County, Colorado | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Smart is working with local utility providers to find aggregated data that reflect total energy usage and intensity by home type. The program is using this information to select...

464

Report Title: The Economic Impact of U.S. Department of Energy Expenditures in New Mexico: FY 1993-FY2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Issued: January 2011 DOE AWARD Number: DE-NT0004397 Name and Address of Submitting Organization, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not constitute or imply its of Tables 3 Abstract 4 Executive Summary 5 Introduction 6 DOE Increase in Spending 7 Previous Analysis

Johnson, Eric E.

465

Development of experimental methods for the evaluation of aggregate resistance to polishing, abrasion, and breakage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experiment...................................................54 4.2 Aggregate Texture, Before and After Micro-Deval................................................60 4.3 Ranking of the Aggregates Using Three Different Criteria... aggregate resistance to polishing, abrasion, and breakage. ? Chapter III discusses the analysis of variability in AIMS and Micro-Deval measurements. Measurements were conducted at the Texas Transportation Institute (TTI) and Texas Department...

Mahmoud, Enad Muhib

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

466

Synchrotron 3D microtomography of halite aggregates during experimental pressure solution creep and evolution of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Synchrotron 3D microtomography of halite aggregates during experimental pressure solution creep of the porous network of halite aggregates was imaged during compaction driven by pressure solution creep using. For these purposes, 3D X-ray microtomography (µCT) was successfully applied for visualizing several halite aggregate

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

467

A Generate-Test-Aggregate parallel programming library for systematic parallel programming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Generate-Test-Aggregate (GTA for short) algorithm is modeled following a simple and straightforward programming pattern, for combinatorial problems. First, generate all candidates; second, test and filter out invalid ones; finally, aggregate valid ... Keywords: Functional programming, Generate-Test-Aggregate algorithm, High-level parallel programming, MapReduce, Program calculation, Program transformation

Yu Liu; Kento Emoto; Zhenjiang Hu

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

1 INTRODUCTION Delayed Ettringite Formation (DEF) and Alkali-Aggregate Reaction (AAR) are both internal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 INTRODUCTION Delayed Ettringite Formation (DEF) and Alkali-Aggregate Reaction (AAR) are both to produce potentially expansive ettringite in the set concrete. AAR may affect concretes cast with aggregate combined delayed ettringite formation and alkali aggregate reaction R.-P. Martin, J.-C. Renaud & F

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

469

Statistical characterization of aggregated wind power from small clusters of generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper we address the problem of aggregating wind power. The purpose of the methodology presented here is to avoid the assumption of extreme values of correlation, meaning perfect dependence or perfect independence of the production. That is, we accept intermediate values of correlation, which we argue is of special interest for small-scale siting analysis, where the fluctuations of wind power production affect the capacity value or the size of energy storage. We provide a formulation that is based on the integration of the joint probability density function (PDF) of the wind power. We formulate this PDF by means of copula theory in order to cope with the involved representation of the marginal PDFs. As a result, we characterize the PDF of the aggregated wind power and the associated duration curve. We also present a simple formulation of the joint forced outage rate. These serves us for verifying, through a case analysis based on NREL datasets, that in some cases the assumption of extreme dependence in small-scale sites does not hold.

Guzmn Daz; Javier Gmez-Aleixandre; Jos Coto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

US military expenditures to protect the use of Persian Gulf oil for motor vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

W.D. , 1982. Oil Prices, Energy Security, and Import Policy.of these interests [oil security, regional stability andand even implies that oil security is a minor concern. In

Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

US military expenditures to protect the use of Persian Gulf oil for motor vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Paik, I.K. , 2004. Oil price shocks and the macroeconomy:the United States from Oil Price Shocks? CRS 91-438E.Montgomery, W.D. , 1982. Oil Prices, Energy Security, and

Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

US military expenditures to protect the use of Persian Gulf oil for motor vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Montgomery, W.D. , 1982. Oil Prices, Energy Security, andPaik, I.K. , 2004. Oil price shocks and the macroeconomy:the United States from Oil Price Shocks? CRS 91-438E.

Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Energy Efficient Residential Construction Tax Credit (Personal) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Personal) Personal) Energy Efficient Residential Construction Tax Credit (Personal) < Back Eligibility Construction Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Heating Heat Pumps Insulation Maximum Rebate 4,000 Program Info Start Date 11/01/2005 State Oklahoma Program Type Personal Tax Credit Rebate Amount Amount of eligible expenditures Provider Oklahoma Department of Commerce '''''Note: After a 2 year moratorium on all state tax credits, this credit may be claimed for tax year 2012 and subsequent tax years, for eligible expenditures on or after July 1, 2012.''''' Oklahoma allows a contractor who is the primary builder of an energy

474

Organic thin film prehistory: looking towards solution phase aggregation |  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Organic thin film prehistory: looking towards solution phase aggregation Organic thin film prehistory: looking towards solution phase aggregation Wednesday, November 6, 2013 - 3:00pm SLAC, Redtail Hawk Conference Room 108A Christopher Tassone, SSRL Polymer bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells have attracted significant attention in industry and academia because of their potential for achieving large-area, light-weight, and flexible photovoltaic devices through cost-effective solution deposition techniques. These devices consist of a blend of an absorbing polymer and an electron accepting fullerene, the molecular packing and phase segregation of which heavily influence power conversion efficiency by effecting important processes such as exciton splitting, charge transport, and recombination. Understanding and utilization of molecular interactions to predicatively control the

475

A General Relationship between Disorder, Aggregation, and Charge Transport  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A General Relationship between Disorder, Aggregation, and Charge Transport A General Relationship between Disorder, Aggregation, and Charge Transport in Conjugated Polymers Monday, September 23, 2013 The potential for combining low-cost manufacturing and mechanical robustness with engineering of specific opto-electronic properties has recently spurred great interest in semiconducting polymers. Consequently, devices based on organic semiconductors have reached significant milestones such as ~10% solar power conversion efficiencies as well as electron and hole mobilities exceeding 1 cm2/Vs. Conjugated polymer chains have many degrees of conformational freedom and interact weakly with each other, resulting in complex microstructures in the solid state. Understanding charge transport in such systems, which have both amorphous and ordered

476

Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry Imaging of Dictyostelium discoideum Aggregation Streams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High resolution imaging mass spectrometry could become a valuable tool for cell and developmental biology, but both, high spatial and mass spectral resolution are needed to enable this. In this report, we employed Bi3 bombardment time-of-flight (Bi3 ToF-SIMS) and C60 bombardment Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance secondary ion mass spectrometry (C60 FTICR-SIMS) to image Dictyostelium discoideum aggregation streams. Nearly 300 lipid species were identified from the aggregation streams. High resolution mass spectrometry imaging (FTICR-SIMS) enabled the generation of multiple molecular ion maps at the nominal mass level and provided good coverage for fatty acyls, prenol lipids, and sterol lipids. The comparison of Bi3 ToF-SIMS and C60 FTICR-SIMS suggested that while the first provides fast, high spatial resolution molecular ion images, the chemical complexity of biological samples warrants the use of high resolution analyzers for accurate ion identification.

Debord, J. Daniel; Smith, Donald F.; Anderton, Christopher R.; Heeren, Ronald M.; Pasa-Tolic, Ljiljana; Gomer, Richard H.; Fernandez-Lima, Francisco A.

2014-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

477

A new model for neutron reflectometry of adsorbed surfactant aggregates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new interpretation of neutron reflectivity data for surfactants adsorbed on hydrophilic solid surfaces has been developed. Motivated by recent atomic force microscopy results, a model of the adsorbed layer is constructed based upon an adsorbed layer consisting of discrete, micelle-like surfactant aggregates of well-defined geometries. Scattering length density profiles and reflectivity curves are calculated for conventional, laterally unstructured adsorbed layers (a bilayer), as well as for cylindrical and spherical surfactant aggregates adsorbed on a hydrophilic surface. It is shown that treating such structured surfactant films as bilayers often results in a good fit to neutron reflectivity data, but that fit parameters lead one to underestimate the film thickness and overestimate the fractional surface coverage by the adsorbed film.

Schulz, J.C.; Warr, G.G.; Hamilton, W.A.; Butler, P.D.

1999-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

478

NREL: Jobs and Economic Competitiveness - Clean Energy Innovation Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Clean Energy Innovation Analysis Clean Energy Innovation Analysis With increased global competition for market share in alternative energy, innovation in energy will be a major contributor to national economic competitiveness in the coming decades. NREL's innovation analysis focuses on understanding the innovation dynamics of clean energy technologies to inform research investment decisions and innovation and technology transfer policy. NREL's innovation analysis studies show that: Different energy technology areas exhibit unique patterns of invention and innovation. New empirical methods of estimating technical and commercial impact (based on analysis of patent citations and web presence) to better target research expenditures could augment the speed and scale of innovation and deployment of clean energy technologies

479

Essays on Real Exchange Rates and Theoretical Monetary Aggregation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Philosophy Committee members William A. Barnett, Chairperson Shu Wu John Keating Jianbo Zhang Yaozhong Hu Date defended: April 1, 2014 The Dissertation Committee for Mingming Zheng certifies that this is the approved version of the following dissertation...Essays on Real Exchange Rates and Theoretical Monetary Aggregation By Mingming Zheng Submitted to the Department of Economics and the Graduate Faculty of the University of Kansas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor...

Zheng, Mingming

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

480

PRODUCTION OF CONSTRUCTION AGGREGATES FROM FLUE GAS DESULFURIZATION SLUDGE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Through a cooperative agreement with DOE, the Research and Development Department of CONSOL Inc. (CONSOL R and D) is teaming with SynAggs, Inc. and Duquesne Light to design, construct, and operate a 500 lb/h continuous pilot plant to produce road construction aggregate from a mixture of wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) sludge, fly ash, and other components. The proposed project is divided into six tasks: (1) Project Management; (2) Mix Design Evaluation; (3) Process Design; (4) Construction; (5) Start-Up and Operation; and (6) Reporting. In this quarter, Tasks 1 and 2 were completed. A project management plan (Task 1) was issued to DOE on October 22, 1998 . The mix design evaluation (Task 2) with Duquesne Light Elrama Station FGD sludge and Allegheny Power Hatfields Ferry Station fly ash was completed. Eight semi-continuous bench-scale tests were conducted to examine the effects of mix formulation on aggregate properties. A suitable mix formulation was identified to produce aggregates that meet specifications of the American Association of State High Transport Officials (AASHTO) as Class A aggregate for use in highway construction. The mix formulation was used in designing the flow sheet of the pilot plant. The process design (Task 3) is approximately 80% completed. Equipment was evaluated to comply with design requirements. The design for the curing vessel was completed by an outside engineering firm. All major equipment items for the pilot plant, except the curing vessel, were ordered. Pilot plant construction (Task 4) was begun in October. The Hazardous Substance Plan was issued to DOE. The Allegheny County (PA) Heat Department determined that an air emission permit is not required for operation of the pilot plant.

NONE

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aggregate energy expenditures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

State Energy Data System (SEDS) Complete Dataset through 2009 | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Data System (SEDS) Complete Dataset through 2009 Energy Data System (SEDS) Complete Dataset through 2009 Dataset Summary Description The State Energy Data System (SEDS) is compiled by the U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA); it is a comprehensive database of energy statistics by state (and includes totals for the entire US). SEDS includes estimates of energy production, consumption, prices, and expenditures broken down by energy source and sector. Annual estimates are available from 1960 - 2009 for production and consumption estimates and from 1970 - 2009 for price and expenditure estimates. The multi-dimensional nature of this EIA dataset allows users to make comparisons across States, energy sources, sectors, and over time. Related Links Link to state SEDS SEDS documentation Complete SEDS data tables and files

482

Production of aggregate from non-metallic automotive shredder residues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, the results of an experimentation on the production of granules suitable to be used as aggregates in cementitious or asphalt mixes are presented and discussed. The granules were obtained by granulating the non-metallic fraction of automotive shredder residues. In a preliminary separation step the fluff fraction containing mainly inert and non-metallic materials was sieved and analyzed for the metal content. In the following granulation step, the sieved fraction was mixed with binding materials, fly ash and a densifier agent, to produce granules of 530mm of diameter and up to 1400kg/m3 of specific weight. The granulation was carried out at room temperature in a rotating tank. Concrete samples prepared using as aggregates the produced granules showed a specific weight up to 1800kg/m3 and a compressive strength up to about 55% of reference samples prepared using a calcareous aggregate, depending on the fluff content of the mixes, and on the nature of the binder and of the other components used.

Vito Alunno Rossetti; Luca Di Palma; Franco Medici

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Pushed for time or saving on fuel: fine-scale energy budgets shed light on currencies in a diving bird  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Halsey et al. 2009; Green et al. 2009). This follows because energy is required for mechanical...1242/jeb.00347 ) Green, J. A. , L. G. Halsey...Frappell 2009 Estimating energy expenditure of animals...Quintana, J. A. Green, and R. P. Wilson...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Neither Agouti-Related Protein nor Neuropeptide Y Is Critically Required for the Regulation of Energy Homeostasis in Mice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...3. For expression surveys, 6-month-old male...whole-body composition by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry...compositions (Fig. 2b). A survey of serum parameters revealed...contribution to total energy expenditure. Agrp mice...of light and 12 h of dark exhibited normal levels...

Su Qian; Howard Chen; Drew Weingarth; Myrna E. Trumbauer; Dawn E. Novi; Xiaoming Guan; Hong Yu; Zhu Shen; Yue Feng; Easter Frazier; Airu Chen; Ramon E. Camacho; Lauren P. Shearman; Shobhna Gopal-Truter; Douglas J. MacNeil; Lex H. T. Van der Ploeg; Donald J. Marsh

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Energy Information Administration - Transportation Energy Consumption by  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Consumption Energy Consumption Transportation Energy Consumption Surveys energy used by vehicles EIA conducts numerous energy-related surveys and other information programs. In general, the surveys can be divided into two broad groups: supply surveys, directed to the suppliers and marketers of specific energy sources, that measure the quantities of specific fuels produced for and/or supplied to the market; and consumption surveys, which gather information on the types of energy used by consumer groups along with the consumer characteristics that are associated with energy use. In the transportation sector, EIA's core consumption survey was the Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey. RTECS belongs to the consumption group because it collects information directly from the consumer, the household. For roughly a decade, EIA fielded the RTECS--data were first collected in 1983. This survey, fielded for the last time in 1994, was a triennial survey of energy use and expenditures, vehicle miles-traveled (VMT), and vehicle characteristics for household vehicles. For the 1994 survey, a national sample of more than 3,000 households that own or use some 5,500 vehicles provided data.

486

Alteration of alkali reactive aggregates autoclaved in different alkali solutions and application to alkali-aggregate reaction in concrete  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Surface alteration of typical aggregates with alkali-silica reactivity and alkali-carbonate reactivity, i.e. Spratt limestone (SL) and Pittsburg dolomitic limestone (PL), were studied by XRD and SEM/EDS after autoclaving in KOH, NaOH and LiOH solutions at 150 deg. C for 150 h. The results indicate that: (1) NaOH shows the strongest attack on both ASR and ACR aggregates, the weakest attack is with LiOH. For both aggregates autoclaved in different alkali media, the crystalline degree, morphology and distribution of products are quite different. More crystalline products are formed on rock surfaces in KOH than that in NaOH solution, while almost no amorphous product is formed in LiOH solution; (2) in addition to dedolomitization of PL in KOH, NaOH and LiOH solutions, cryptocrystalline quartz in PL involves in reaction with alkaline solution and forms typical alkali-silica product in NaOH and KOH solutions, but forms lithium silicate (Li{sub 2}SiO{sub 3}) in LiOH solution; (3) in addition to massive alkali-silica product formed in SL autoclaved in different alkaline solutions, a small amount of dolomite existing in SL may simultaneously dedolomitize and possibly contribute to expansion; (4) it is promising to use the duplex effect of LiOH on ASR and ACR to distinguish the alkali-silica reactivity and alkali-carbonate reactivity of aggregate when both ASR and ACR might coexist.

Lu Duyou [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, 5 New Model Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210009 (China) and ICON/CANMET, Natural Resources Canada, 405 Rochester Street, Ottawa, ON, K1A 0G1 (Canada)]. E-mail: duyoulu@njut.edu.cn; Mei Laibao [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, 5 New Model Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210009 (China); Xu Zhongzi [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, 5 New Model Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210009 (China); Tang Mingshu [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, 5 New Model Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210009 (China); Fournier, Benoit [ICON/CANMET, Natural Resources Canada, 405 Rochester Street, Ottawa, ON, K1A 0G1 (Canada)

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

487

Energy  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

..) ".. ..) ".. _,; ,' . ' , ,; Depar?.me.nt ,of.' Energy Washington; DC 20585 : . ' , - $$ o"\ ' ~' ,' DEC ?;$ ;y4,,, ~ ' .~ The Honorable John Kalwitz , 200 E. Wells Street Milwaukee, W~isconsin 53202, . . i :. Dear,Mayor 'Kalwitz: " . " Secretary of Energy Hazel' O'Leary has announceha new,approach 'to,openness in " the Department of Ene~rgy (DOE) and its communications with'the public. In -. support of~this initiative, we areipleased to forward the enclosed information related to the Milwaukee Ai.rport site in your jurisdiction that performed work, for DOE orits predecessor agencies. information; use, and retention. ., This information .is provided for your '/ ,' DOE's Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial:'Action~'Prog&is responsible for ,"'

488

Aggregating QECB Allocations and Using QECBs to Support the Private...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

& Intergovernmental Programs Office Home About the Office Weatherization Assistance Program State Energy Program Energy Efficiency & Conservation Block Grant Program...

489

2012 CERTS R&M Peer Review - A Business Model for Retail Aggregation of Responsive Load - Shmuel Oren  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Load Load Control Aggregation Shmuel S. Oren UC Berkeley, California CERTS REVIEW Cornell University, Ithaca NY August 7-8, 2012 PSERC 2 A Smart Grid Vision "Homeostatic Utility Control is an overall concept which tries to maintain an internal equilibrium between supply and demand. Equilibrating forces are obtained over longer time scales (5 minutes and up) by economic principles through an Energy Marketplace using time-varying spot prices. " F.C. Schweppe et al. "HOMEOSTATIC UTILITY CONTROL," IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, Vol. PAS-99, No. 3, May/June 1980 Offered to commercial and industrial customers with load > 500KW

490

A framework for a coarse aggregate classification system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Fookes et al. (17) proposed a classification system for near-shore carbonate sediment rocks in 1975. This system was based on the grain size and "post depositional induration" of rocks. Clarke et aL (17) expanded the system developed by Fookes in 1977..., provision of petrological data is added as supplementary information in this system. This data is recommended to be provided only when a possible alkali-silica reactivity is suspected or to identify any potential problems related to aggregates. Table 2. 7...

Peapully, Srikrishna

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

491

Buildings Energy Data Book: 4.3 Federal Buildings and Facilities...  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

1 FY 2007 Federal Buildings Energy Prices and Expenditures, by Fuel Type (2010) Fuel Type Electricity 23.68 (1) 4,009 Natural Gas 9.37 1,138 Fuel Oil 15.25 419 Coal 3.62 63...

492

Energy Efficiency of MapReduceEnergy Efficiency of MapReduce Laura Keys, Yanpei Chen, Randy H. Katz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

job run on Atom cluster used around 2/3 the energy of the R Cluster! Energy Measurement SetupPerformance Metrics · Total energy · Aggregate power · Power per machine · Job duration time WorkloadsWorkloads Real 6000000 Total Energy (J) Sort Nutch Web Crawl Conclusions · Shorter job duration less energy · From Sort

California at Berkeley, University of

493

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY UNIVERSAL AGGREGATES, LLC, FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

UNIVERSAL AGGREGATES, LLC, FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF UNIVERSAL AGGREGATES, LLC, FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC26-02NT41421; W(A)-02-049, CH-1108 The Petitioner, Universal Aggregates, LLC, was awarded this cooperative agreement for the performance of work entitled, "Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash." The purpose of the cooperative agreement is to design, construct and operate a lightweight aggregate manufacturing plant at the Birchwood Power Facility in King George, Virginia. A successful demonstration would lead to additional lightweight aggregate manufacturing facilities in the United States. There are currently twenty-one spray dryer facilities operating in the United States that produce an adequate amount of spray

494

Energy Economy | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

August 4, 2011 August 4, 2011 This 10-watt alternative LED bulb (which glows white when turned on) could save the nation about 35 terawatt-hours of electricity or $3.9 billion in one year and avoid 20 million metric tons of carbon emissions if every 60-watt incandescent bulb in the U.S. was replaced with the L Prize winner. | Photo Courtesy of Philips Lighting North America A Winning Light Bulb With the Potential to Save the Nation Billions Thomas Edison would be amazed. The conventional light bulb is getting some serious competition from a 10-watt LED bulb -- the first winner of the Energy Department's L prize. August 1, 2011 2009 Energy Expenditure Per Person July 29, 2011 President Barack Obama delivers remarks on fuel efficiency standards for 2017-2025 model year cars and light-duty trucks during an event at the Washington Convention Center in Washington, D.C., July 29, 2011. Seated behind the President are at left are auto industry executives and Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood. (Official White House Photo by Samantha Appleton)

495

Exploring the interaction between intellectual property rights, human capital and R&D expenditures: are there implications for developing countries?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An extensive literature studies the consequences of intellectual property rights (IPRs) for economies in various stages of development. Surprisingly, few studies or none at all focus on how IPRs determine the effects of human capital accumulation (via educational attainment) on research and development (R&D) expenditures. The authors propose a simple framework that is consistent with an intuitive stylised fact that appears in the data, namely that countries with poor intellectual-property protection may accumulate human capital without experiencing a corresponding increase in R&D as a share of national income. The model predicts that without minimum intellectual-property protection, additional education may result in more imitation rather than innovation. Additionally, the model implies that human capital and intellectual property rights are substitutable incentives for skilled labour to participate in R&D. The preponderance of the evidence suggests that interactions between human capital and IPRs determine global patterns of R&D, and intellectual property rights tend to raise the effect of educational attainment on the incidence of R&D.

Claudio Bravo-Ortega

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

E-Print Network 3.0 - aggregated amyloid beta Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

search results for: aggregated amyloid beta Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY | ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION | www.nature.comnatureology 1 wide range of natural...

497

E-Print Network 3.0 - aggregated immunoglobulin e-receptor Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

immunoglobulin e-receptor Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aggregated immunoglobulin e-receptor Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1...

498

E-Print Network 3.0 - amyloid beta aggregation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

search results for: amyloid beta aggregation Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY | ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION | www.nature.comnatureology 1 wide range of natural...

499

E-Print Network 3.0 - anionic surfactant aggregation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street Summary: -organized aggregate. Therefore, the self-assembly behavior of bivalent or multivalent cationic-anionic surfactant......

500

E-Print Network 3.0 - aggregation prone regions Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Collection: Biology and Medicine 7 Protein folding in the cell: reshaping the folding funnel Summary: , as a second aggregation'...