Sample records for aggregate energy expenditures

  1. State energy price and expenditure report 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The State Energy Price and Expenditure Report (SEPER) presents energy price and expenditure estimates individually for the 50 States and the District of Columbia and in aggregate for the United States. The price and expenditure estimates are provided by energy source and economic sector and are published for the years 1970, 1980, and 1985 through 1992. Data for all years, 1970 through 1992, are available on personal computer diskettes.

  2. State energy price and expenditure report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The State Energy Price and Expenditure Report (SEPER) presents energy price and expenditure estimates individually for the 50 States and the District of Columbia and in aggregate for the United States. The price and expenditure estimates are provided by energy source and economic sector and are published for the years 1970, 1975, 1980, and 1985 through 1991. Data for all years, 1970 through 1991, are available on personal computer diskettes. Documentation in Appendix A describes how the price estimates are developed, including sources of data, methods of estimation, and conversion factors applied. This report is an update of the State Energy Price and Expenditure Report 1990, published in September 1992.

  3. State energy price and expenditure report 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The State Energy Price and Expenditure Report (SEPER) presents energy price and expenditure estimates individually for the 50 States and the District of Columbia and in aggregate for the United States. The price and expenditure estimates developed in the State Energy Price and Expenditure Data System (SEPEDS) are provided by energy source and economic sector and are published for the years 1970 through 1994. Consumption estimates used to calculate expenditures and the documentation for those estimates are taken from the State Energy Data Report 1994, Consumption Estimates (SEDR), published in October 1996. Expenditures are calculated by multiplying the price estimates by the consumption estimates, which are adjusted to remove process fuel; intermediate petroleum products; and other consumption that has no direct fuel costs, i.e., hydroelectric, geothermal, wind, solar, and photovoltaic energy sources. Documentation is included describing the development of price estimates, data sources, and calculation methods. 316 tabs.

  4. State energy price and expenditure report 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The State Energy Price and Expenditure Report (SEPER) presents energy price and expenditure estimates individually for the 50 states and the District of Columbia and in aggregate for the US. The five economic sectors used in SEPER correspond to those used in SEDR and are residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, and electric utility. Documentation in appendices describe how the price estimates are developed, provide conversion factors for measures used in the energy analysis, and include a glossary. 65 tabs.

  5. State energy price and expenditure report, 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The State Energy Price and Expenditure Report (SEPER) presents energy price and expenditure estimates individually for the 50 States and the District of Columbia and in aggregate for the US. The estimates developed in the State Energy Price and Expenditure Data System (SEPEDS) are provided by energy source and economic sector and are published for the years 1970 through 1995. Data for all years are available on a CD-ROM and via Internet. Consumption estimates used to calculate expenditures and the documentation for those estimates are taken from the State Energy Data Report 1995, Consumption Estimates (SEDR), published in December 1997. Expenditures are calculated by multiplying the price estimates by the consumption estimates, which are adjusted to remove process fuel; intermediate petroleum products; and other consumption that has no direct fuel costs, i.e., hydroelectric, geothermal, wind, solar, and photovoltaic energy sources.

  6. Energy Expenditure Estimation DEMO Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu?trek, Mitja

    and against the SenseWear, a dedicated commercial product for energy expenditure estimation. Keywords: humanEnergy Expenditure Estimation DEMO Application Bozidara Cvetkovi´c1,2 , Simon Kozina1,2 , Bostjan://www.mps.si Abstract. The paper presents two prototypes for the estimation of hu- man energy expenditure during normal

  7. State energy price and expenditure report 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The State Energy Price and Expenditure Report (SEPER) presents energy price and expenditure estimates for the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the United States. The estimates are provided by energy source (e.g., petroleum, natural gas, coal, and electricity) and by major consuming or economic sector. This report is an update of the State Energy Price and Expenditure Report 1988 published in September 1990. Changes from the last report are summarized in a section of the documentation. Energy price and expenditure estimates are published for the years 1970, 1975, 1980, and 1985 through 1989. Documentation follows the tables and describes how the price estimates are developed, including sources of data, methods of estimation, and conversion factors applied. Consumption estimates used to calculate expenditures, and the documentation for those estimates, are from the State Energy Data Report, Consumption Estimates, 1960--1989 (SEDR), published in May 1991. Expenditures are calculated by multiplying the price estimates by the consumption estimates, adjusted to remove process fuel and intermediate product consumption. All expenditures are consumer expenditures, that is, they represent estimates of money directly spent by consumers to purchase energy, generally including taxes. 11 figs., 43 tabs.

  8. Household energy consumption and expenditures 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This presents information about household end-use consumption of energy and expenditures for that energy. These data were collected in the 1993 Residential Energy Consumption Survey; more than 7,000 households were surveyed for information on their housing units, energy consumption and expenditures, stock of energy-consuming appliances, and energy-related behavior. The information represents all households nationwide (97 million). Key findings: National residential energy consumption was 10.0 quadrillion Btu in 1993, a 9% increase over 1990. Weather has a significant effect on energy consumption. Consumption of electricity for appliances is increasing. Houses that use electricity for space heating have lower overall energy expenditures than households that heat with other fuels. RECS collected data for the 4 most populous states: CA, FL, NY, TX.

  9. alterarions energy expenditure: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    alterarions energy expenditure First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 BODY COMPOSITION -ENERGY...

  10. activity energy expenditure: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    activity energy expenditure First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 S: Activities contributing...

  11. On downstream hydraulic geometry and optimal energy expenditure: case study of the Ashley and Taieri Rivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramírez, Jorge A.

    On downstream hydraulic geometry and optimal energy expenditure: case study of the Ashley Abstract The downstream distribution of channel geometry and of the rate of energy expenditure per unit the network. We look at energy expenditure from two perspectives. (1) In the context of downstream hydraulic

  12. adolescent energy expenditure: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    examines how firm-level corporate expenditure represented by R&D, capital expenditure (CAPEX) and selling, general and administrative (SGA) costs responds to stock price...

  13. wf01 - Energy_Expenditures.xlsx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, ,Development1U CO FVehicle30,1996 N6,7weverett Ames|

  14. Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditures 1992

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecadeReservesYear21 3.96(92)Information(92)

  15. Public Sector Energy Efficiency Aggregation Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity (DCEO) administers the Illinois Energy Now programs, including the Public Sector Energy Efficiency Aggregation Program. The program will...

  16. Modeling Energy Demand Aggregators for Residential Consumers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Modeling Energy Demand Aggregators for Residential Consumers G. Di Bella, L. Giarr`e, M. Ippolito, A. Jean-Marie, G. Neglia and I. Tinnirello § January 2, 2014 Abstract Energy demand aggregators are new actors in the energy scenario: they gather a group of energy consumers and implement a demand

  17. Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditures 1992 - Publication

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469 2,321Spain,606,602and Tables and Expenditures

  18. An analysis of energy expenditure in Goodwin Creek Peter Molnar and Jorge A. Ramirez

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramírez, Jorge A.

    An analysis of energy expenditure in Goodwin Creek Peter Molna´r and Jorge A. Rami´rez Department with recent observations of channel change in Goodwin Creek. This energy expenditure analysis suggests of energy dissipation per unit channel area, Pa, is constant throughout the river network is explored

  19. Secure and Energy-Efficient Data Aggregation with Malicious Aggregator Identification in Wireless Sensor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stojmenovic, Ivan

    Secure and Energy-Efficient Data Aggregation with Malicious Aggregator Identification in Wireless. In this paper, we propose a secure and energy-efficient data aggregation scheme that can detect the malicious­13, 2011. c Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011 #12;Secure and Energy-Efficient Data Aggregation 3

  20. Illinois Solar Energy Association- Renewable Energy Credit Aggregation Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Illinois Solar Energy Association offers the Renewable Energy Credit Aggregation Program (RECAP) to Illinois solar photovoltaic (PV) system owners, providing them with an opportunity to recei...

  1. Variation in energy expenditures between growing steers with divergent residual feed intakes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Monte Blaine III

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Objectives of this study were to determine if variation in energy expenditures contributed to differences in feed efficiency between low and high RFI steers. Nine steers with the lowest and highest residual feed intakes ...

  2. Compilation of Expenditures for the Hawai`i Gateway Energy Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    `i Distributed Energy Resource Technologies for Energy Security Subtask 2.2 Deliverable #3 By Hawai`i Natural`i Distributed Energy Resource Technologies for Energy Security project, the Hawai`i Natural Energy InstituteCompilation of Expenditures for the Hawai`i Gateway Energy Center Prepared for the U.S. Department

  3. 2009 Energy Expenditure Per Person | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 Russian NuclearandJune 17, 2015 SEABOnlyTipsWorkingErichsecurity |

  4. Teichert Aggregates | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f <Maintained ByManagement Inc Place: Cleveland, OhioTehachapi,Teichert

  5. Report Title: The Economic Impact of U.S. Department of Energy Expenditures in New Mexico: FY 1993-FY2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    Report Title: The Economic Impact of U.S. Department of Energy Expenditures in New Mexico: FY 1993: Arrowhead Center New Mexico State University P. O. Box 30001/MSC 3CQ Las Cruces, NM 88003-8001 #12 of Department of Energy Impacts in New Mexico 9 Economic Impacts of DOE Expenditures in New Mexico 10 State

  6. Energy Expenditure and Water Flux of Ruppell's Foxes in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Jos. B.

    . Introduction The environments of hot deserts can include periods of high ambient air temperature (Ta479 Energy Expenditure and Water Flux of Ru¨ppell's Foxes in Saudi Arabia Joseph B. Williams1 and total evaporative water loss (TEWL), parameters mea- sured in the laboratory, and a reduced field

  7. Obesity results from an imbalance between caloric intake and energy expenditure, which

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Obesity results from an imbalance between caloric intake and energy expenditure, which is partly proteins of the brown adi- pose tissue (BAT) involved in thermo-gen- esis. Subjects: 238 morbidly obese and 911 non-obese Caucasians subjects. Results: A high prevalence (27%) in French Caucasians of the A

  8. Estimation of Human Energy Expenditure Using Inertial Sensors and Heart Rate Sensor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu?trek, Mitja

    Estimation of Human Energy Expenditure Using Inertial Sensors and Heart Rate Sensor Bozidara, we tested a combination of thigh inertial sensor with hart rate monitor, usually worn by athletes and availability and ease of development. Average smart phone has a rather powerful processing unit. It comes

  9. Energy consumption and expenditure projections by population group on the basis of the annual energy outlook 1999 forecast

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poyer, D.A.; Balsley, J.H.

    2000-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents an analysis of the relative impact of the base-case scenario used in Annual Energy Outlook 1999 on different population groups. Projections of energy consumption and expenditures, as well as energy expenditure as a share of income, from 1996 to 2020 are given. The projected consumption of electricty, natural gas, distillate fuel, and liquefied petroleum gas during this period is also reported for each population group. In addition, this report compares the findings of the Annual Energy Outlook 1999 report with the 1998 report. Changes in certain indicators and information affect energy use forecasts, and these effects are analyzed and discussed.

  10. Energy consumption and expenditure projections by income quintile on the basis of the Annual Energy Outlook 1997 forecast

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poyer, D.A.; Allison, T.

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents an analysis of the relative impacts of the base-case scenario used in the Annual Energy Outlook 1997, published by the US Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, on income quintile groups. Projected energy consumption and expenditures, and projected energy expenditures as a share of income, for the period 1993 to 2015 are reported. Projected consumption of electricity, natural gas, distillate fuel, and liquefied petroleum gas over this period is also reported for each income group. 33 figs., 11 tabs.

  11. Energy-Efficient Aggregate Query Evaluation in Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Weifa

    Energy-Efficient Aggregate Query Evaluation in Sensor Networks Zhuoyuan Tu and Weifa Liang efficiently. This paper considers the aggregate query evaluation in a sensor network database to the base station, which is called in-network aggregation. In other words, a tree rooted at the base station

  12. On Energy Expenditure per Unit of the Amount of Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Granik

    2005-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that for an equilibrium state of time-symmetric system of non-relativistic strings the energy per unit of information transfer (storage, processing) obeys the Bekenstein conjecture. The result is based on a theorem due to A.Kholevo relating the physical entropy and the amount of information. Interestingly, the energy in question is the difference between the ensemble average of the energy and the Helmholtz free energy.

  13. Consortium Template (Expenditure-Based) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsNovember 13, 2014 BuildingEnergyEnergyConsortium Support (Fixed

  14. Table E10. Residential Sector Energy Expenditure Estimates, 2012

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. CoalInputsTotal Stocks DefinitionsWeekly.0.

  15. Table E11. Commercial Sector Energy Expenditure Estimates, 2012

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. CoalInputsTotal Stocks DefinitionsWeekly.0.1.

  16. Table E13. Transportation Sector Energy Expenditure Estimates, 2012

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. CoalInputsTotal Stocks

  17. Table E14. Electric Power Sector Energy Expenditure Estimates, 2012

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. CoalInputsTotal Stocks4. Electric Power Sector

  18. Company Template (Expenditure-Based) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsNovember 13, 2014 BuildingEnergy EfficiencyPast ProjectsCommunity

  19. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 2005 Households and Energy

  20. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 2005 Households and Energy2

  1. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 2005 Households and Energy23

  2. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 2005 Households and Energy234

  3. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 2005 Households and Energy2345

  4. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 2005 Households and Energy23456

  5. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 2005 Households and Energy234567

  6. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 2005 Households and Energy2345678

  7. Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditures 1992 - Index Page

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecadeReservesYear21 3.96(92)Information(92)1992

  8. Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditures 1992 - Executive

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469 2,321Spain,606,602

  9. Chart of Total Expenditures compared to budget | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsNovember 13, 2014 Building AmericaEnergyand Assurances forMet-Ocean Data

  10. Nonresidential buildings energy consumption survey: 1979 consumption and expenditures. Part 2. Steam, fuel oil, LPG, and all fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patinkin, L.

    1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents data on square footage and on total energy consumption and expenditures for commercial buildings in the contiguous United States. Also included are detailed consumption and expenditures tables for fuel oil or kerosene, liquid petroleum gas (LPG), and purchased steam. Commercial buildings include all nonresidential buildings with the exception of those where industrial activities occupy more of the total square footage than any other type of activity. 7 figures, 23 tables.

  11. Commercial Building Tenant Energy Usage Aggregation and Privacy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Livingston, Olga V.; Pulsipher, Trenton C.; Anderson, David M.; Wang, Na

    2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A growing number of building owners are benchmarking their building energy use. This requires the building owner to acquire monthly whole-building energy usage information, which can be challenging for buildings in which individual tenants have their own utility meters and accounts with the utility. Some utilities and utility regulators have turned to aggregation of customer energy use data (CEUD) as a way to give building owners whole-building energy usage data while protecting customer privacy. Meter profile aggregation adds a layer of protection that decreases the risk of revealing CEUD as the number of meters aggregated increases. The report statistically characterizes the similarity between individual energy usage patterns and whole-building totals at various levels of meter aggregation.

  12. Municipal Aggregation and Retail Competition in the Ohio Energy Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Littlechild, Stephen C

    communities Actual number of aggregating communities Ratio Actual to Proportionate Average low income electricity bill 2002 First Energy CEI 0.7 31 104 3.35 $77 OE 1.1 49 65 1.33 $67 TE 0.3 13 14 1.08 CGE/Duke 0.7 31 8 0.26 $52... should be drawn? Is municipal aggregation an efficient competitive mechanism, more 4 NOPEC July 2004, cited in Colton (2006) pp. 6,7. 5 NOPEC Year-end Report 2005. 6 Ohio Regulatory Update, Strategic Energy at http...

  13. An international comparison of government expenditures for energy conservation research and development:

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McDonald, S.C.

    1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study provides a comparison of US and foreign government spending for energy conservation research and development (R and D). The countries included in this analysis are: the United States, United Kingdom, France, Sweden, West Germany, and Japan. The approach of this paper was to compare the research program of each country at a high level of aggregation with the US Department of Energy (DOE) program structure. This paper does not allow for differences in the way each country defines or accounts for research.

  14. Occupational physical activity, energy expenditure and 11-year progression of carotid atherosclerosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    expenditure measurements. Ergonomics. 1985;28(1):365–9.time and physical workload. Ergonomics. Lynch JW, Kaplan GA,arm and leg exercise. Ergonomics. 1998;41(1):109– Shvartz E,

  15. Commercial Building Tenant Energy Usage Data Aggregation and Privacy: Technical Appendix

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Livingston, Olga V.; Pulsipher, Trenton C.; Anderson, David M.

    2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This technical appendix accompanies report PNNL–23786 “Commercial Building Tenant Energy Usage Data Aggregation and Privacy”. The objective is to provide background information on the methods utilized in the statistical analysis of the aggregation thresholds.

  16. Efficient Föster energy transfer : from phosphorescent organic molecules to J-aggregate thin film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirasaki, Yasuhiro

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis demonstrates the first ever use of Forster resonance energy transfer (FRET) to increase the quantum efficiency of a electrically pumped J-aggregate light emitting device (JLED). J-aggregate thin films are highly ...

  17. A look at commercial buildings in 1995: Characteristics, energy consumption, and energy expenditures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The commercial sector consists of business establishments and other organizations that provide services. The sector includes service businesses, such as retail and wholesale stores, hotels and motels, restaurants, and hospitals, as well as a wide range of facilities that would not be considered commercial in a traditional economic sense, such as public schools, correctional institutions, and religious and fraternal organizations. Nearly all energy use in the commercial sector takes place in, or is associated with, the buildings that house these commercial activities. Analysis of the structures, activities, and equipment associated with different types of buildings is the clearest way to evaluate commercial sector energy use. The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) is a national-level sample survey of commercial buildings and their energy suppliers conducted quadrennially (previously triennially) by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The target population for the 1995 CBECS consisted of all commercial buildings in the US with more than 1,000 square feet of floorspace. Decision makers, businesses, and other organizations that are concerned with the use of energy--building owners and managers, regulators, legislative bodies and executive agencies at all levels of government, utilities and other energy suppliers--are confronted with a buildings sector that is complex. Data on major characteristics (e.g., type of building, size, year constructed, location) collected from the buildings, along with the amount and types of energy the buildings consume, help answer fundamental questions about the use of energy in commercial buildings.

  18. Energy-Efficient Data Aggregation Hierarchy for Wireless Sensor Networks Yuanzhu Peter Chen Arthur L. Liestman Jiangchuan Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yuanzhu Peter

    Energy-Efficient Data Aggregation Hierarchy for Wireless Sensor Networks Yuanzhu Peter Chen Arthur study single-level aggregation and propose an Energy-Efficient Protocol for Aggregator Selec- tion (EPAS). Then, we generalize it to an aggregation hier- archy and extend EPAS to a Hierarchical Energy-Efficient

  19. U.S. Energy Information Administration | State Energy Data 2013: Prices and Expenditures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2,EHSSCoal Production andOrigin21 Characters

  20. U.S. Energy Information Administration | State Energy Data 2013: Prices and Expenditures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2,EHSSCoal Production andOrigin21 Characters15 A P P E

  1. U.S. Energy Information Administration | State Energy Data 2013: Prices and Expenditures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2,EHSSCoal Production andOrigin21 Characters15 A P P E

  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration | State Energy Data 2013: Prices and Expenditures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2,EHSSCoal Production andOrigin21 Characters15 A P P

  3. U.S. Energy Information Administration | State Energy Data 2013: Prices and Expenditures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2,EHSSCoal Production andOrigin21 Characters15 A P P1

  4. U.S. Energy Information Administration | State Energy Data 2013: Prices and Expenditures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2,EHSSCoal Production andOrigin21 Characters15 A P

  5. U.S. Energy Information Administration | State Energy Data 2013: Prices and Expenditures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2,EHSSCoal Production andOrigin21 Characters15 A P31

  6. Table E8. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Expenditure Estimates, 2012

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. CoalInputsTotal Stocks4.

  7. A Look at Commercial Buldings in 1995: Characteristics, Energy Consumption, and Energy Expenditures

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at Commercial andSeptember 25,9,1996 N Y625(95) Distribution Category

  8. Energy Department Announces Funding to Develop Aggregate Purchasing...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    today announced up to 2 million to support aggregate purchasing models for plug-in electric and other alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles, subsystems,...

  9. Nanocrystal/J-aggregate constructs : chemistry, energy transfer, and applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Brian J. (Brian Jacob)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The interaction of light with matter is one of the most central subjects to modern chemistry. Two types of materials, semiconductor nanocrystals and J-aggregates of cyanine dyes, have been developed chiefly due to their ...

  10. Integrating Renewable Energy Contracts and Wholesale Dynamic Pricing to Serve Aggregate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    1 Integrating Renewable Energy Contracts and Wholesale Dynamic Pricing to Serve Aggregate Flexible energy, dynamic programming. I. INTRODUCTION Dynamic pricing has the potential to materialize the poten many of the operational problems that arise from renewable energy integration through dynamic pricing

  11. Table E15. Energy Prices and Expenditures, Ranked by State, 2012

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. CoalInputsTotal Stocks4. Electric Power

  12. Table E9. Total End-Use Energy Expenditure Estimates, 2012

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. CoalInputsTotal Stocks4.E9. Total End-Use

  13. "Table A24. Total Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region,"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocksa. AppliancesTotal" "(Data1.30. Total6.

  14. "Table A28. Total Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocksa. AppliancesTotal" "(Data1.30. Total6.Components

  15. "Table A36. Total Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region,"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocksa. AppliancesTotal" "(Data1.30.2"Quantity6.

  16. "Table A37. Total Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources by Census Region,"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocksa. AppliancesTotal" "(Data1.30.2"Quantity6.7.

  17. Relationship Between Surface Free Energy and Total Work of Fracture of Asphalt Binder and Asphalt Binder-Aggregate Interfaces 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howson, Jonathan Embrey

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    is the surface free energy of the asphalt binder and the aggregate. Surface free energy, which is a thermodynamic material property, is directly related to the adhesive bond energy between the asphalt binder and the aggregate as well as the cohesive bond energy...

  18. Relationship Between Surface Free Energy and Total Work of Fracture of Asphalt Binder and Asphalt Binder-Aggregate Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howson, Jonathan Embrey

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    is the surface free energy of the asphalt binder and the aggregate. Surface free energy, which is a thermodynamic material property, is directly related to the adhesive bond energy between the asphalt binder and the aggregate as well as the cohesive bond energy...

  19. Table 5.18. U.S. Average Household and Vehicle Energy Expenditures,

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousandCubic Feet)4. U.S. Vehicle Fuel Consumption by5.7.8.

  20. Secure and Energy-Efficient Data Aggregation in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sen, Jaydip

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Data aggregation in intermediate nodes (called aggregator nodes) is an effective approach for optimizing consumption of scarce resources like bandwidth and energy in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). However, in-network processing poses a problem for the privacy of the sensor data since individual data of sensor nodes need to be known to the aggregator node before the aggregation process can be carried out. In applications of WSNs, privacy-preserving data aggregation has become an important requirement due to sensitive nature of the sensor data. Researchers have proposed a number of protocols and schemes for this purpose. He et al. (INFOCOM 2007) have proposed a protocol - called CPDA - for carrying out additive data aggregation in a privacy-preserving manner for application in WSNs. The scheme has been quite popular and well-known. In spite of the popularity of this protocol, it has been found that the protocol is vulnerable to attack and it is also not energy-efficient. In this paper, we first present a brie...

  1. Variation in energy expenditures between growing steers with divergent residual feed intakes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Monte Blaine III

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    .32 -0.01 0.15 -0.03 -0.25 ND ND Feed intake 0.72 0.69 0.60 0.79 0.70 0.64 0.56 ND .09 .43 Feed conversion ratio 0.53 0.66 0.57 0.85 0.61 0.70 ND ND ND ND Feed conversion ratio: ADG -0.74 -0.62 -0.46 ND c ND ND ND ND ND ND BW b 0... efficiency of ME use for protein deposition and (or) maintaining these tissues once they were deposited. Oddy and Herd (2001) summarized that energy retention in the body accounts for only 5 to 12% of the variation in RFI, but the remaining 88-95...

  2. Capital and revenue expenditures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owens, Jack Bailey

    1948-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    T and Charaoteristios of Various Expenditures ~ ~ 7 III. Bases for Expenditure Classifioationi ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ r ~ ' ~ IV ~ Methods of kooountiag for Capital and Revenue Expenditure( ~ ~ I CkPITLL ERE RKVRRUm bXPLM)ITURkiS ISTRORUGTIOR kn ?ttonpt will be made... not tahe tho plass of asy asset or part of aa asset already onistiag Ln a business, but give tho already sainting fined asset ealues an a44ed physioal value whioh they did not previously possess ~ Additions rosoable original oost in that both...

  3. SES Performance Cycle - Aggregate Results FY 2013 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin ofEnergy atLLC - FE DKT. 10-160-LNG - ORDER 2913 |DepartmentEECBGAwards and3Ethics

  4. SES Performance Cycle - Aggregate Results FY 2014 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin ofEnergy atLLC - FE DKT. 10-160-LNG - ORDER 2913 |DepartmentEECBGAwards and3EthicsSES

  5. SES Performance Cycle - Aggregate Results FY 2013 | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR -DepartmentRetailEnergySEA-04:SECURITYIndustryMarch

  6. Incorporating Aggregated PV Systems into the Power Grid | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEIHesperia,IDGWP WindSatelliteInSAR Jump to:

  7. Table ET1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, Selected Years, 1970-2012, United States

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. CoalInputsTotal Stocks4.E9. Total End-UseET1.

  8. Energy Department Announces Funding to Develop Aggregate Purchasing Models

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic Plan Department ofNotices |NoticeEmployeeScienceandEconomy,and Lower Costs|

  9. DTE Energy Technologies With Detroit Edison Co. and Kinectrics Inc.: Distributed Resources Aggregation Modeling and Field Configuration Testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Summarizes the work of DTE Energy Technologies, Detroit Edison, and Kinectrics, under contract to DOE's Distribution and Interconnection R&D, to develop distributed resources aggregation modeling and field configuration testing.

  10. Measured energy savings and demand reduction from a reflective roof membrane on a large retail store in Austin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konopacki, Steven J.; Akbari, Hashem

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the abated annual energy and demand expenditures, simplea/c annual abated energy and demand expenditures and presentof future abated energy and demand expenditures is estimated

  11. Energy landscapes for protein folding, binding, and aggregation : simple funnels and beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Samuel Sung-Il

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    coordinates capture protein folding on smooth landscapes.in the Prediction of Protein Folding Kinetics. Proc. Natl.Landscapes for Protein Folding, Binding, and Aggregation:

  12. Scaling Relations and Optimization of Excitonic Energy Transfer Rates between One-Dimensional Molecular Aggregates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Jianshu

    systems such as organic photovoltaic systems and the low-dimensional aggregates formed by amphiphilic on the donor- acceptor separation, nonmonotonic dependence on aggregate size and the breakdown of far on the nano scale and to decipher the molecular details of important biological systems. The FRET theory has

  13. Relation of park types and visitors' expenditure patterns: an analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Currie, Russell Roger

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    their contribution to operating expenses in relation to other park types based on the average expenditures of visitors. To sustain or increase, based on present operating costs, the number of visitors to a Historic Sites/Structures, funding to maintain the park... duration than light spenders over an elongated period, thereby increasing the return on the attraction in a shorter period of time with less energy expended. Strauss and Lord (1990) evaluated the Pennsylvania state park users on an expenditure per trip...

  14. Adhesion and the Surface Energy Components of Natural Minerals and Aggregates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Clint Matthew

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    structure on surface energy, however, has not been rigorously studied. The dominant control on surface energy is certainly surface area. This is proven by the equation to calculate the equilibrium film pressure by Chibowski (CHIBOWSKI and WAKSMUNDZKI... be effectively blocked from sorption by the presence of these molecules or mineral shape. If a reference vapor is used to calculate energy based on adsorption isotherms the component energy may be larger than measured if the vapor molecules are blocked from...

  15. Eliminating Electricity Deficit through Energy Efficiency in India: An Evaluation of Aggregate Economic and Carbon Benefits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tons of thermal coal for power generation. Additionally,Plants Electricity Generation Imported Coal 6665 kcal/kgreduced coal imports for electrical energy generation in the

  16. Eliminating Electricity Deficit through Energy Efficiency in India: An Evaluation of Aggregate Economic and Carbon Benefits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    S. Das, (2006) Reducing Electricity Deficit through EnergyLV supply. Figure 12: Electricity Productivity (Commercialan interesting result. The electricity productivity in both

  17. Depletion Aggregation > Batteries & Fuel Cells > Research > The Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMFormsGas SeparationsRelevantDOEDelegationsElectronic ReadingIssues

  18. Collective coordinates for nuclear spectral densities in energy transfer and femtosecond spectroscopy of molecular aggregates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukamel, Shaul

    Collective coordinates for nuclear spectral densities in energy transfer and femtosecond collective nuclear coordinates necessary to represent a given set of spectral densities is obtained coordinates phase space. The signatures of excitonic and nuclear motions in ultrafast fluorescence

  19. Aggregate model and analysis of the energy dynamics in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ahmed, Khalid A. (Khalid Abdulrahim)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is facing a crisis in the near future centered on increasing energy consumption. Today, the kingdom consumes approximately 1/3 of its oil production. If no action is taken and the kingdom continues ...

  20. Minimum Energy Transmission over a Wireless Channel with Deadline and Power Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modiano, Eytan

    instead utilize rate-control to minimize the energy expenditure. Clearly, minimizing the energy cost has

  1. NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Operations Expenditures: Historical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , based upon present expectations; and (3) these Data were prepared with existing information and Renewable Energy, Wind and Water Power Technologies Office for funding this work. Funding provided underFaceted · Minimizing OpEx could increase plant profitability while helping to support a lower cost of energy

  2. Eliminating Electricity Deficit through Energy Efficiency in India: An Evaluation of Aggregate Economic and Carbon Benefits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, Jayant; Gupta, Arjun

    2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Electricity demand has consistently exceeded available supply in India. While the electricity deficit varies across states, nationally it was estimated to be of the order of 12percent on peak and 11percent for electricity during 2008-09. This paper explores a demand-side focused potential for energy efficiency improvement to eliminate the electricity deficit compared to a business as usual (BAU) supply-side focused scenario. The limited availability of finance and other legal and administrative barriers have constrained the construction of new power plant capacity in India. As a result, under the BAU scenario, India continues to face an electricity deficit beyond the end of the Twelfth Five Year Plan. The demand-side cost-effective potential achieved through replacement of new electricity-using products, however, is large enough to eliminate the deficit as early as 2013 and subsequently reduce the future construction of power plants and thus reduce air pollutant emissions. Moreover, energy efficiency improvements cost a fraction of the cost for new supply and can lead to a substantial increase in India's economic output or gross domestic product (GDP). Eliminating the deficit permits businesses that have experienced electricity cutbacks to restore production. We estimate the size of the cumulative production increase in terms of the contribution to GDP at a $505 billion between 2009 and 2017, the end of India's Twelfth Five Year Plan, which may be compared with India's 2007-08 GDP of $911 billion. The economic output is influenced by the size of the electricity savings and rate of penetration of energy efficient technologies, and that of self-generation equipment and inverters used by businesses faced with electricity cuts. Generation and inverters are estimated to service 23percent of these customers in 2009, which increase to 48percent by 2020. The reduction in the construction and operation of new power plants reduces the cumulative CO2 emissions by 65 Mt, and those of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides by 0.4 Mt each, while also reducing India's imports of coal and natural gas. By 2020, the cumulative GDP benefit increases to $608 billion, the CO2 savings expand to 333 Mt and SO2 and NOx to 2.1 Mt.

  3. BTS: SEP How To Guide: Aggregate Under-served Markets to Buying...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    as community development funds. Can reduce energy costs through aggregation; alleviate drain on budget from high energy costs. Aggregate under-served markets into buying pools...

  4. Section 1 (For Expenditure Adjustments) EXPENDITURES FOR BUSINESS BUDGET BUDGET BUDGET BUDGET OFFICE USE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tennessee, University of

    DATE Section 1 (For Expenditure Adjustments) EXPENDITURES FOR BUSINESS BUDGET BUDGET BUDGET BUDGET AMOUNT AMOUNT AMOUNT CODE TOTAL FOR BUSINESS Section 2 (For Revenue and Other Adjustments) BUDGET BUDGET/Chief Administrative Officer Department Head Chief Business Officer Dean or Director Vice President for Budget

  5. Turbulent breakage of ductile aggregates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marchioli, Cristian

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we study breakage rate statistics of small colloidal aggregates in non-homogeneous anisotropic turbulence. We use pseudo-spectral direct numerical simulation of turbulent channel flow and Lagrangian tracking to follow the motion of the aggregates, modelled as sub-Kolmogorov massless particles. We focus specifically on the effects produced by ductile rupture: This rupture is initially activated when fluctuating hydrodynamic stresses exceed a critical value, $\\sigma>\\sigma_{cr}$, and is brought to completion when the energy absorbed by the aggregate meets the critical breakage value. We show that ductile rupture breakage rates are significantly reduced with respect to the case of instantaneous brittle rupture (i.e. breakage occurs as soon as $\\sigma>\\sigma_{cr}$). These discrepancies are due to the different energy values at play as well as to the statistical features of energy distribution in the anisotropic turbulence case examined.

  6. An economic analysis of rural community service expenditures in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lansford, Notie H.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to micropolitan areas, Tweeten states that actual per capita expenditures for services, except for roads, are lower in the micropolitan areas, "But when adjusted for quality, demographic characteristics, and opportunity costs, average costs per capita for all... expenditures (TEX ) and s population. The analysis covers ninety-six counties and 336 school dis- tricts. School district operating expenditures ranged from $10, 700 to $13, 500, 000, with an average of $1, 050, 000. Total expenditures ranged from $10, 700...

  7. 2011 Expenditures Report Columbia River Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    electricity from 31 federal hydropower dams and one non-federal nuclear power plant in the Pacific Northwest (debt-funded) in facilities and some land purchases 2. Reimbursements to other federal agencies tO thE NORthWESt GOvERNORS > FIsh & WIlDlIFE ExPEnDItuREs Background The Pacific Northwest Electric Power

  8. Consumer Expenditure Patterns for Fish and Shellfish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on/ish and shellfish. March )WJ2. 44(.7) Table 1. - Price, per capita consumption, and share of fish Service. 1981). Per capita Consumer price Per capita total Consumer price index Fish/shellfish fish/shellfish index for red meat/poultry/ for tofal red meat/ expenditure consumption fish/sheIIIish seafood

  9. Residential Energy Consumption Survey Results: Total Energy Consumptio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Residential Energy Consumption Survey Results: Total Energy Consumption, Expenditures, and Intensities (2005) The Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) is a national survey...

  10. Aggregated Purchasing and Workplace Charging Can Drive EV Market...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Standing before PG&E's new plug-in electric bucket truck, Secretary Moniz announced the Energy Department's notice of intent to support pilot aggregated purchasing models for...

  11. UNCORRECTEDPROOF The use of scintillometry for validating aggregation schemes over

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    evapotranspiration is based on the use of aggregation schemes in conjunction with energy-balance or land of the energy balance providing the estimates of the available energy (AE(=Rn À G), where Rn and G are the net the Marrakech city (Morocco), have been used to test the aggregation schemes. The Agdal oliveyard was made up

  12. PORTAL Aggregation Analysis and Documentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    PORTAL Aggregation Analysis and Documentation Kristin A. Tufte Portland State University Introduction This document describes the aggregation procedures for PORTAL . Analysis of different aggregation system. Details on the status values and their descriptions can be found in the SWARM documentation

  13. Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    can be used to fund capital expenditures on a variety of projects including: Reducing energy consumption in publically owned buildings Implementing green community programs...

  14. Change in consumer expenditure patterns from 1929 to 1952

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheikh, Mohammed Hafiz

    1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . 16. Index of per cayita food consumption (1935-39 ~ 100) 61 Page 17. Per capita consumytion of various commodities, meat, butter snd margarine. 63 18. Per oapita fruit, consumption. 19. Food expenditures and, relative cost of 1935-$9 food... not shaw an appreciable decline except in 19k9-50. These have been climbing again. AdJusted per capita expenditure on food was @38 per year in 1946, which ie the peak. This is an increase of cere than 70 per cent over 1935 expenditures on food...

  15. A report on state expenditures of oil overcharges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Before the enactment of the Petroleum Overcharge Distribution and Restitution Act of 1986 (PODRA), the Department of Energy's Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) issued orders directing that $76 million plus interest in unclaimed consent order funds be refunded through state governments for indirect restitution to persons injured by oil overcharges. To date, $73 million in second-stage'' refunds has been distributed in proceedings under OHA's refund regulations. Another $20 million remains to be disbursed. Before approving disbursements of second-stage refunds to the states, OHA requires the submission of restitutionary plans, to determine whether the proposed expenditures would benefit injured persons. In November 1988, OHA entered into a Memorandum of Understanding with DOE's Denver Support Office (DSO) to conduct a limited review of second-stage projects in ten representative states. The DSO was chosen for the task because its staff had similar experience reviewing DOE's State Energy Conservation Program. The reviewers were directed to assess the level of restitution to injured persons achieved by the projects, test the nature of the states' financial administration and technical management of the projects, and verify that they had been implemented as approved. The reviews took place in two groups of five states, which were selected on the basis of three factors: (1) amounts of second-stage refunds received; (2) types of projects undertaken; and (3) geographical diversity. Results are presented.

  16. Fact #748: October 8, 2012 Components of Household Expenditures...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    in 2009 at 15.5%. In the early to mid-1980s when oil prices were high, gasoline and motor oil made up a larger share of transportation expenditures but then declined until...

  17. Narrow-Band Absorption-Enhanced Quantum Dot/J-Aggregate Conjugates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Brian J.

    We report narrow-band absorption enhancement of semiconductor nanocrystals via Förster resonance energy transfer from cyanine J-aggregates. These J-aggregated dyes associate electrostatically with short quantum-dot (QD) ...

  18. Performance Contracting and Energy Efficiency in the State Government Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Market buildings, their floor area, energy consumption andstudy states Metric Floor Area Energy Expenditure Energyof buildings, their floor area, energy consumption and

  19. SelectCast: Scalable Data Aggregation Scheme in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xiang-Yang

    Aggregation, Percolation theory, aggregation capacity. I. INTRODUCTION Data aggregation is a key energy environment. In our protocol, for the neighborhood of every node, we will approximately select portion-coverage, connectivity, etc the node density (number of nodes per unit area) can be treated as a varible within a large

  20. EnvironmentalManagementExpenditures: AssessingtheFinancialReturnsfromStructuralandInfrastructuralInvestments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Paul N.

    EnvironmentalManagementExpenditures: Assessingthe Customers, regulators, and the public are increasingly demanding that firms minimize the impact the financial implications of increased levels and varying allocations of environmental expenditures

  1. Fact #638: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car Declines in Relation to Family Earnings Fact 638: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car Declines in Relation to...

  2. CREEL CENSUS AND EXPENDITURE STUDY, NORTH FORK SUN RIVER,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CREEL CENSUS AND EXPENDITURE STUDY, NORTH FORK SUN RIVER, MONTANA, 1951 Marine Biological STUDY, NORTH FORK SUN RIVER, MONTANA, 1951 Marine Biological Laboratory JUN16 1954 WOODS HOLE, MASS MAP CREEL CENSUS SUN RIVER MONTANA DRAWN i*^ ^ TRACED- _2£jLt:l SUBMITTED . 1 V N 01 1 VN ei

  3. Fourth Annual Report to the Northwest Governors on Expenditures of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Administration to Implement the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program of the Northwest Power, the Bonneville Power Ad- ministration reported total costs of $506.8 million for its Columbia River Basin fish not reflect $1.02 billion Bonneville has received since 1995 for a portion of its expenditures to improve fish

  4. Accurate Caloric Expenditure of Bicyclists using Cellphones Andong Zhan, Marcus Chang, Yin Chen, Andreas Terzis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amir, Yair

    Accurate Caloric Expenditure of Bicyclists using Cellphones Andong Zhan, Marcus Chang, Yin Chen to control weight and commute. To precisely estimate caloric expenditure, bikers have to install a bike method estimates caloric expenditure through a model that takes as inputs GPS traces, the USGS elevation

  5. Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey 2003 - Detailed Tables

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The tables contain information about energy consumption and expenditures in U.S. commercial buildings and information about energy-related characteristics of these buildings.

  6. SEDS CSV File Documentation: Price and Expenditure

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a eviequestionnairesMillion U.S.A.A.Prices and

  7. Comparative Analysis of Modeling Studies on China's Future Energy and Emissions Outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and technology trends, total energy consumption and carbonof energy consumption and aggregate future energy trends.

  8. Annual Energy Review - financial indicators section

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Annual statistics on consumer energy prices and expenditures, fossil fuel production prices and value, and value of fossil fuel imports and exports back to 1949.

  9. The Economics of Energy (and Electricity) Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Platchkov, Laura M.; Pollitt, Michael G.

    13 taxation on the use of energy.6 This is in addition to taxation of the profits of energy companies and taxes on the production of oil and gas in the North Sea. Any migration of energy demand from heavily taxed liquid fuels to currently lightly... also be substituted for energy expenditure in the future (e.g. solar panels as part of a new roof). The figure shows that substantial amount of expenditure on transport where expenditure on vehicles and on their repair exceeds expenditure on fuel...

  10. CBECS 1992 - Consumption & Expenditures, Detailed Tables

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469 2,321 2,590 1,550 1,460 1977-2013164

  11. Chapter 4. Fuel Economy, Consumption and Expenditures

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469 2,321Spain (Million Cubic 1. Introduction4. Fuel

  12. Table 7.9 Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources, 2002

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are nowTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API GravityDakota" "Fuel, quality", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010,Jersey"RhodeVirginia"West Average Prices4456779

  13. Table 7.9 Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources, 2010;

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are nowTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API GravityDakota" "Fuel, quality", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010,Jersey"RhodeVirginia"West Average

  14. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.2 Building Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact Us04 2010791234

  15. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.2 Building Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact Us04

  16. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.2 Building Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact Us046 2015

  17. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.2 Building Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact Us046 20157

  18. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.2 Building Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact Us046 201578

  19. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact547487215678

  20. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact5474872156780

  1. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact54748721567801

  2. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact547487215678012

  3. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact5474872156780123

  4. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -

  5. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 2005 Households and

  6. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share of Commercial5678

  7. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share of Commercial56780

  8. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share of Commercial567801

  9. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share of Commercial5678012

  10. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share of Commercial56780124

  11. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share of

  12. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share of6 2025 Commercial

  13. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share of6 2025 Commercial7

  14. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share of6 2025 Commercial78

  15. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share of6 2025

  16. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share of6351Water41631453.3

  17. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.2 Building Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact Us04 2010791

  18. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.2 Building Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact Us04 20107912

  19. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.2 Building Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact Us04 201079123

  20. Selling Random Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bitar, Eilyan Yamen

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wind Energy Aggregation and Profit Sharing 4.1 Introduction4.4 A Coalitional Game for Wind Energy Aggregation . 4.4.1Bitar et al. , “Bringing Wind Energy to Market,” Submitted

  1. Direct Observation of Aggregative Nanoparticle Growth: Kinetic...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Aggregative Nanoparticle Growth: Kinetic Modeling of the Size Distribution and Growth Rate. Direct Observation of Aggregative Nanoparticle Growth: Kinetic Modeling of the Size...

  2. aggregation aggregate strength: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of these quantum diffusion-limited aggregates vary between 1.43 and 2, depending on the size of the initial wave packet. David B. Johnson; Gonzalo Ordez 2011-11-02 60...

  3. Summary of expenditures of rebates from the low-level radioactive waste surcharge escrow account for calendar year 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is submitted in response to Title 1 of the 1980 Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act, as amended, (the Act). The report summarizes expenditures made by compact regions and unaffiliated states during calendar year 1995 of surcharge rebates from the July 1, 1986, January 1, 1988, and January 1, 1990, milestones, and the January 1, 1993, deadline. Section 5(d)(2)(A) of the Act requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to administer a surcharge escrow account. This account consists of a portion of the surcharge fees paid by generators of low-level radioactive waste in nonsited compact regions (compact regions currently without disposal sites) and nonmember states (states without disposal sites that are not members of compact regions) to the three sited states (states with operating disposal facilities--Nevada, South Carolina, and Washington) for the use of facilities in sited states through the end of 1992. In administering the surcharge escrow account, the Act requires DOE to: (1) Invest the funds in interest-bearing United States Government securities with the highest available yield; (2) Determine eligibility for rebates of the funds by evaluating compact region and state progress toward developing new disposal sites against the milestone requirements set forth in the Act; (3) Disburse the collected rebates and accrued interest to eligible compact regions, states, or generators; (4) Assess compliance of rebate expenditures in accordance with the conditions and limitations prescribed in the Act; and (5) Submit a report annually to Congress summarizing rebate expenditures by state and compact region and assessing the compliance of each such state or compact region with the requirement for expenditure of the rebates as provided in section 5(d)(2)(E) of the Act.

  4. Toward an energy surety future.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tatro, Marjorie L.; Jones, Scott A.; Covan, John Morgan; Kuswa, Glenn W.; Menicucci, David F.; Robinett, Rush D. III (.; )

    2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Because of the inevitable depletion of fossil fuels and the corresponding release of carbon to the environment, the global energy future is complex. Some of the consequences may be politically and economically disruptive, and expensive to remedy. For the next several centuries, fuel requirements will increase with population, land use, and ecosystem degradation. Current or projected levels of aggregated energy resource use will not sustain civilization as we know it beyond a few more generations. At the same time, issues of energy security, reliability, sustainability, recoverability, and safety need attention. We supply a top-down, qualitative model--the surety model--to balance expenditures of limited resources to assure success while at the same time avoiding catastrophic failure. Looking at U.S. energy challenges from a surety perspective offers new insights on possible strategies for developing solutions to challenges. The energy surety model with its focus on the attributes of security and sustainability could be extrapolated into a global energy system using a more comprehensive energy surety model than that used here. In fact, the success of the energy surety strategy ultimately requires a more global perspective. We use a 200 year time frame for sustainability because extending farther into the future would almost certainly miss the advent and perfection of new technologies or changing needs of society.

  5. An Optimized In-Network Aggregation Scheme for Data Collection in Periodic Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    -network data aggregation is considered an effective technique for conserving energy communication in wireless Networks and Wireless, Serbia (2012)" #12;the sink. In-network data aggregation has been proven aiming to optimize the volume of data transmitted thus saving energy consumption and reducing bandwidth

  6. Energy Conservation Management Can Pay For Itself

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCall, R.; Bickle, L.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With proper management of energy conservation programs, any structure can be energy efficient. And this energy efficiency need not require great expenditures. A 'systems approach' to energy management identifies a series of activities which...

  7. Addressing Energy Demand through Demand Response: International Experiences and Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Bo

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DEMAND RESPONSE .7 Wholesale Marketuse at times of high wholesale market prices or when systemenergy expenditure. In wholesale markets, spot energy prices

  8. Understanding the link between aggregated industrial production and the carbon price

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    the link between aggregated industrial production and the carbon price. In The Economics of Green Energy Association (Boston), the BC3 Low Carbon Programme Workshop on "The Economics of Green Energy and Efficiency

  9. Widow Poverty and Out-of-Pocket Medical Expenditures at the End of Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyy, Wei

    Widow Poverty and Out-of-Pocket Medical Expenditures at the End of Life Kathleen McGarry University support. #12;Widow Poverty and Out-of-Pocket Medical Expenditures at the End of Life Abstract: Elderly widows are three times as likely to live in poverty as older married people. This study investigates

  10. Efficient Aggregation of Delay-Constrained Data in Wireless Sensor Networks Kemal Akkaya and Mohamed Younis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younis, Mohamed

    energy saving mechanism for sensor nodes is to exploit in-network data aggregation. In wireless sensor of in-network data aggregation is to eliminate unnecessary packet transmission by filtering out conditions data are routed in a best- effort manner with flexible latency bounds. Contemporary in-network

  11. anaerobic aggregates determined: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    forest road aggregate 8 Determination of branch fraction and minimum dimension of mass-fractal aggregates G. Beaucage* Materials Science Websites Summary: . Branched aggregates...

  12. Data aggregation for capacity management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yong Woo

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents a methodology for data aggregation for capacity management. It is assumed that there are a very large number of products manufactured in a company and that every product is stored in the database with its standard unit per hour...

  13. Long Term Aggregate

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |Is Your HomeLatestCenterLogging in Logging inLogistics

  14. Lattice Models of Peptide Aggregation: Evaluation of Conformational Search Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    , University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom 2 School of Computer Science and Information Technology represented by a face-centered cubic lattice model with the conformational energies calculated using or by partial unfolding of the protein from its native state. One striking feature of protein aggregation

  15. Aggregate Node Placements in Sensor Networks Weifa Liang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Weifa

    help prolong the lifetime of a sensor network substantially. Therefore, energy efficient data gatherAggregate Node Placements in Sensor Networks Weifa Liang DCS ANU Canberra, Australia Guanjun Ma DCS into a region of interest to form a sensor network and building a routing tree for data gathering at the same

  16. Evaluation of superpave fine aggregate specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chowdhury, Md. Tahjib-Ul-Arif

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    aggregate resistance (CAR) test, image analysis Hough transform, and visual inspection. The results from those tests were compared with the available performance history. The FAA test method does not consistently identify angular, cubical aggregates as high...

  17. Essays on aggregate and individual consumption fluctuations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, Youngjin

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis consists of three essays on aggregate and individual consumption fluctuations. Chapter 1 develops a quantitative model to explore aggregate and individual consumption dynamics when the income process exhibits ...

  18. ALTERNATE ACCEPTANCE OF WULFENSTEIN PIT AGGREGATE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. W. Keifer

    1999-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this calculation is to evaluate Wulfenstein fine aggregate for acceptability under ASTM C 33 standard specification.

  19. Interpreting the Aggregation Kinetics of Amyloid Peptides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caflisch, Amedeo

    Amyloid fibrils are insoluble mainly -sheet aggregates of proteins or peptides. The multi-step process) and amyloid-protected states, is used to investigate the kinetics of aggregation and the pathways of fibril state. The minimal-size aggregate able to form a fibril is generated by collisions of oligomers

  20. THE REBOUND CONDITION OF DUST AGGREGATES REVEALED BY NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF THEIR COLLISIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wada, Koji [Planetary Exploration Research Center, Chiba Institute of Technology, 2-17-1 Tsudanuma, Narashino, Chiba 275-0016 (Japan); Tanaka, Hidekazu; Yamamoto, Tetsuo [Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0819 (Japan); Suyama, Toru [Nagano City Museum, Hachimanpara Historic Park, Oshimada, Nagano 381-2212 (Japan); Kimura, Hiroshi, E-mail: wada@perc.it-chiba.ac.jp [Center for Planetary Science (CPS), Chuo-ku Minatojima Minamimachi 7-1-48, Kobe 650-0047 (Japan)

    2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Collisional growth of dust aggregates is a plausible root of planetesimals forming in protoplanetary disks. However, a rebound of colliding dust aggregates prevents dust from growing into planetesimals. In fact, rebounding aggregates are observed in laboratory experiments but not in previous numerical simulations. Therefore, the condition of rebound between dust aggregates should be clarified to better understand the processes of dust growth and planetesimal formation. We have carried out numerical simulations of aggregate collisions for various types of aggregates and succeeded in reproducing a rebound of colliding aggregates under specific conditions. Our finding is that in the rebound process, the key factor of the aggregate structure is the coordination number, namely, the number of particles in contact with a particle. A rebound is governed by the energy dissipation along with restructuring of the aggregates and a large coordination number inhibits the restructuring at collisions. Results of our numerical simulation for various aggregates indicate that they stick to each other when the mean coordination number is less than 6, regardless of their materials and structures, as long as their collision velocity is less than the critical velocity for fragmentation. This criterion of the coordination number would correspond to a filling factor of {approx}0.3, which is somewhat larger than that reported in laboratory experiments. In protoplanetary disks, dust aggregates are expected to have low bulk densities (<0.1 g cm{sup -3}) during their growth, which would prevent dust aggregates from rebounding. This result supports the formation of planetesimals with direct dust growth in protoplanetary disks.

  1. Alkali-aggregate reaction in concrete containing high-alkali cement and granite aggregate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Owsiak, Z

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses results of the research into the influence of high-alkali Portland cement on granite aggregate. The deformation of the concrete structure occurred after 18 months. The research was carried out by means of a scanning electron microscope equipped with a high-energy dispersive X-ray analyzer that allowed observation of unpolished sections of concrete bars exhibiting the cracking pattern typical of the alkali-silica reaction. Both the microscopic observation and the X-ray elemental analysis confirm the presence of alkali-silica gel and secondary ettringite in the cracks.

  2. New York City- Property Tax Abatement for Photovoltaic (PV) Equipment Expenditures

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In August 2008 the State of New York enacted legislation allowing a property tax abatement for photovoltaic (PV) system expenditures made on buildings located in cities with a population of 1...

  3. Essays on Healthy Eating and Away from Home Food Expenditures of Adults and Children 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Benjamin Louis

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Healthy eating and food away from home expenditures are gaining increasing notoriety within the U.S. These issues are not only a concern for businesses, but governmental policy makers have also shown interest in both ...

  4. Medicaid’s expenditures for newer pharmacotherapies for adults with disabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shireman, Theresa I.; Hall, Jean P.; Rigler, Sally K.; Moore, Janice M.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Medicaid's drug expenditures have grown at double-digit inflation rates since 2000. These prescription drug costs are important contributors to increasing health care costs for disabled persons. In spite of this knowledge, ...

  5. Energy Information Handbook: Applications for Energy-Efficient Building Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granderson, Jessica

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with solar irradiance data, and compare array output todata gaps before computing. Step 2: Aggregate AC total solar energy output

  6. The Impact of Carbon Control on Low-Income Household Electricity and Gasoline Expenditures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eisenberg, Joel Fred [ORNL

    2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In July of 2007 The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Energy Information Administration (EIA) released its impact analysis of 'The Climate Stewardship And Innovation Act of 2007,' known as S.280. This legislation, cosponsored by Senators Joseph Lieberman and John McCain, was designed to significantly cut U.S. greenhouse gas emissions over time through a 'cap-and-trade' system, briefly described below, that would gradually but extensively reduce such emissions over many decades. S.280 is one of several proposals that have emerged in recent years to come to grips with the nation's role in causing human-induced global climate change. EIA produced an analysis of this proposal using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) to generate price projections for electricity and gasoline under the proposed cap-and-trade system. Oak Ridge National Laboratory integrated those price projections into a data base derived from the EIA Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for 2001 and the EIA public use files from the National Household Transportation Survey (NHTS) for 2001 to develop a preliminary assessment of impact of these types of policies on low-income consumers. ORNL will analyze the impacts of other specific proposals as EIA makes its projections for them available. The EIA price projections for electricity and gasoline under the S.280 climate change proposal, integrated with RECS and NHTS for 2001, help identify the potential effects on household electric bills and gasoline expenditures, which represent S.280's two largest direct impacts on low-income household budgets in the proposed legislation. The analysis may prove useful in understanding the needs and remedies for the distributive impacts of such policies and how these may vary based on patterns of location, housing and vehicle stock, and energy usage.

  7. A critical evaluation of the literature relating advertising expenditure to economic concentration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wells, Monroe Gaddy

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A CRITICAL EVALUATION OF THE LITERATURE RELATING ADVERTISING EXPENDITURE TO ECONOMIC CONCENTRATION A Thesis by MONROE GAUDY MELLS ~ JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AxM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1970 Major Subject: Economics A CRITICAL EVALUATION OF THE LITERATURE RELATING ADVERTISING EXPENDITURE TO ECONOMIC CONCENTRATION A Thesis by MONROE GADDY WELLS, JR. Approved as to style and content by...

  8. Essays on Healthy Eating and Away from Home Food Expenditures of Adults and Children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Benjamin Louis

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    ESSAYS ON HEALTHY EATING AND AWAY FROM HOME FOOD EXPENDITURES OF ADULTS AND CHILDREN A Dissertation by BENJAMIN LOUIS CAMPBELL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2009 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics ESSAYS ON HEALTHY EATING AND AWAY FROM HOME FOOD EXPENDITURES OF ADULTS AND CHILDREN A Dissertation by BENJAMIN LOUIS CAMPBELL...

  9. A study of College Station visitor opinions regarding hotel occupancy tax expenditures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zweifel, Eva Louise

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A STUDY OF COLLEGE STATION VISITOR OPINIONS REGARDING HOTEL OCCUPANCY TAX EXPENDITURES A Thesis by EVA LOUISE ZWEIFEL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1976 Major Subject: Recreation and Resources Development A STUDY OF COLLEGE STATION VISITOR OPINIONS REGARDING HOTEL OCCUPANCY TAX EXPENDITURES A Thesis by EVA LOUISE ZWEIFEL Approved as to style and content by...

  10. COMMERCIAL DEMONSTRATION OF THE MANUFACTURED AGGREGATE PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY UTILIZING SPRAY DRYER ASH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roy Scandrol

    2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Universal Aggregates, LLC proposes to design, construct and operate a lightweight aggregate manufacturing plant at the Birchwood Power Facility in King George, Virginia. The installation and start-up expenses for the Birchwood Aggregate Facility are $19.5 million. The DOE share is $7.2 million (37%) and the Universal Aggregates share is $12.3 (63%). The project team consists of CONSOL Energy Inc., P.J. Dick, Inc., SynAggs, LLC, and Universal Aggregates, LLC. The Birchwood Facility will transform 115,000 tons per year of spray dryer by-products that are currently being disposed of in an offsite landfill into 167,000 tons of a useful product, lightweight aggregates that can be used to manufacture lightweight aggregates that can be used to manufacture lightweight and medium weight masonry blocks. In addition to the environmental benefits, the Birchwood Facility will create nine (9) manufacturing jobs plus additional employment in the local trucking industry to deliver the aggregate to customers or reagents to the facility. A successful demonstration would lead to additional lightweight aggregate manufacturing facilities in the United States. There are currently twenty-one (21) spray dryer facilities operating in the United States that produce an adequate amount of spray dryer by-product to economically justify the installation of a lightweight aggregate manufacturing facility. Industry sources believe that as additional scrubbing is required, dry FGD technologies will be the technology of choice. Letters from potential lightweight aggregate customers indicate that there is a market for the product once the commercialization barriers are eliminated by this demonstration project.

  11. COMMERCIAL DEMONSTRATION OF THE MANUFACTURED AGGREGATE PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY UTILIZING SPRAY DRYER ASH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roy Scandrol

    2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Universal Aggregates, LLC proposes to design, construct and operate a lightweight aggregate manufacturing plant at the Birchwood Power Facility in King George, Virginia. The installation and start-up expenses for the Birchwood Aggregate Facility are $19.5 million. The DOE share is $7.2 million (37%) and the Universal Aggregates share is $12.3 (63%). The project team consists of CONSOL Energy Inc., P.J. Dick, Inc., SynAggs, LLC, and Universal Aggregates, LLC. The Birchwood Facility will transform 115,000 tons per year of spray dryer by-products that are currently being disposed of in an offsite landfill into 167,000 tons of a useful product, lightweight aggregates that can be used to manufacture lightweight aggregates that can be used to manufacture lightweight and medium weight masonry blocks. In addition to the environmental benefits, the Birchwood Facility will create eight (8) manufacturing jobs plus additional employment in the local trucking industry to deliver the aggregate to customers or reagents to the facility. A successful demonstration would lead to additional lightweight aggregate manufacturing facilities in the United States. There are currently twenty-one (21) spray dryer facilities operating in the United States that produce an adequate amount of spray dryer by-product to economically justify the installation of a lightweight aggregate manufacturing facility. Industry sources believe that as additional scrubbing is required, dry flue gas desulfurization (FGD) technologies will be the technology of choice. Letters from potential lightweight aggregate customers indicate that there is a market for the product once the commercialization barriers are eliminated by this demonstration project.

  12. Flow Partitioning in Fully Saturated Soil Aggregates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Xiaofan; Richmond, Marshall C.; Scheibe, Timothy D.; Perkins, William A.; Resat, Haluk

    2014-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Microbes play an important role in facilitating organic matter decomposition in soils, which is a major component of the global carbon cycle. Microbial dynamics are intimately coupled to environmental transport processes, which control access to labile organic matter and other nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of microorganisms. Transport of soluble nutrients in the soil system is arguably most strongly impacted by preferential flow pathways in the soil. Since the physical structure of soils can be characterized as being formed from constituent micro aggregates which contain internal porosity, one pressing question is the partitioning of the flow among the “inter-aggregate” and “intra-aggregate” pores and how this may impact overall solute transport within heterogeneous soil structures. The answer to this question is particularly important in evaluating assumptions to be used in developing upscaled simulations based on highly-resolved mechanistic models. We constructed a number of diverse multi-aggregate structures with different packing ratios by stacking micro-aggregates containing internal pores and varying the size and shape of inter-aggregate pore spacing between them. We then performed pore-scale flow simulations using computational fluid dynamics methods to determine the flow patterns in these aggregate-of-aggregates structures and computed the partitioning of the flow through intra- and inter-aggregate pores as a function of the spacing between the aggregates. The results of these numerical experiments demonstrate that soluble nutrients are largely transported via flows through inter-aggregate pores. Although this result is consistent with intuition, we have also been able to quantify the relative flow capacity of the two domains under various conditions. For example, in our simulations, the flow capacity through the aggregates (intra-aggregate flow) was less than 2% of the total flow when the spacing between the aggregates was larger than 18 micron. Inter-aggregate pores continued to be the dominant flow pathways even at much smaller spacing; intra-aggregate flow was less than 10% of the total flow when the inter- and intra-aggregate pore sizes were comparable. Such studies are making it possible to identify which model upscaling assumptions are realistic and what computational methods are required for detailed numerical investigation of microbial carbon cycling dynamics in soil systems.

  13. EPA needs to improve its oversight of air pollution control grant expenditures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowsher, C.A.

    1984-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    At the request of the Chairman, Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, House Committee on Energy and Commerce, GAO reviewed EPA's procedures for ensuring grantee compliance with Section 105 provisions and EPA regulations and determined whether grantees are, in fact, meeting these requirements. GAO reviewed all 235 grants awarded from fiscal years 1979 through 1982 at 3 of EPA's 10 regional offices to determine whether consultation, supplementing, and level-of-effort requirements were being met. Those grants represented about 35% of the $340 million in grant funds awarded nationwide during that 4-year period. GAO also reviewed fiscal year 1982 expenditures (the latest data available at the time of GAO's review) for six grantees - two in each of the three regions - to determine whether the grant funds were properly spent and reported. GAO also visited three other grantees for further review after determining that EPA records did not contain a justification as to why those grantees' levels of effort had not been maintained. GAO found that the three EPA regions reviewed were consulting with state officials and were satisfied that supplanting did not occur, as required by the Clean Air Act. On the other hand, GAO found that two of the three EPA regions had not ensured that all grantees complied with the level-of-effort requirement of the act or EPA's reporting requirements. EPA officials believed the problems GAO found could exist in other regions not included in this review.

  14. Fracture model for cemented aggregates

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zubelewicz, Aleksander; Thompson, Darla G.; Ostoja-Starzewski, Martin; Ionita, Axinte; Shunk, Devin; Lewis, Matthew W.; Lawson, Joe C.; Kale, Sohan; Koric, Seid

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A mechanisms-based fracture model applicable to a broad class of cemented aggregates and, among them, plastic-bonded explosive (PBX) composites, is presented. The model is calibrated for PBX 9502 using the available experimental data under uniaxial compression and tension gathered at various strain rates and temperatures. We show that the model correctly captures inelastic stress-strain responses prior to the load peak and it predicts the post-critical macro-fracture processes, which result from the growth and coalescence of micro-cracks. In our approach, the fracture zone is embedded into elastic matrix and effectively weakens the material's strength along the plane of the dominant fracture.

  15. Go Local on the New Energy.gov | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    tax credits, rebates and savings to help you save money and energy. Learn more about your energy consumption and expenditures and how that compares with homes across the country....

  16. Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and metals, particularly how organics affect mobility, and its potential for bioremediation. It is known that some organics promote aggregation. Amine-bearing molecules, for...

  17. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    6A. Electricity Expenditures by Census Region for All Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Expenditures (million dollars) Electricity Expenditures (dollars) per kWh per Square Foot...

  18. Data:90b4210c-08cb-46a5-af7f-7958a49d01b0 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Company's expenditures for the analysis and implementation of energy conservation and demand response programs. MONTHLY CHARGE The Monthly Charge is equal to the applicable...

  19. We analyze a set of three databases at different levels of aggregation: (a) a database of approximately 106

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanley, H. Eugene

    or global warming or renewable sources of energy) can dramatically impact the pattern of developmentWe analyze a set of three databases at different levels of aggregation: (a) a database levels of aggregation we find that the mean annual growth rates of publications is in- dependent

  20. PROCEDURES FOR ALLOCATION AND AGGREGATION OF RESOURCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    Chapter AA PROCEDURES FOR ALLOCATION AND AGGREGATION OF RESOURCES By Ronald R. Charpentier, T.......................................................................................................AA-7 Appendix 1 Aggregation of Undiscovered Oil, Gas, and NGL Volumes Of Regions to World Total Monte RH. The separate reporting of onshore versus offshore undiscovered resources is important to economic

  1. Aggregate Issuance and Savings Waves Andrea Eisfeldt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haller, Gary L.

    is as follows: Firms which raise costly external finance can invest the issuance proceeds in productive capital. Our study is aimed at providing an estimate of a "revealed preference" measure of the aggregate cost their sources and uses of funds in order to make inferences about the aggregate cost of external finance

  2. GEOMETRIC CROSS SECTIONS OF DUST AGGREGATES AND A COMPRESSION MODEL FOR AGGREGATE COLLISIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suyama, Toru [Nagano City Museum, Hachimanpara Historical Park Ojimada-machi, Nagano 381-2212 (Japan); Wada, Koji [Planetary Exploration Research Center, Chiba Institute of Technology, Tsudanuma 2-17-1, Narashino, Chiba 275-0016 (Japan); Tanaka, Hidekazu [Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, N19-W8, Sapporo 060-0819 (Japan); Okuzumi, Satoshi, E-mail: museum@city.nagano.lg.jp [Department of Physics, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8602 (Japan)

    2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Geometric cross sections of dust aggregates determine their coupling with disk gas, which governs their motions in protoplanetary disks. Collisional outcomes also depend on geometric cross sections of initial aggregates. In a previous paper, we performed three-dimensional N-body simulations of sequential collisions of aggregates composed of a number of sub-micron-sized icy particles and examined radii of gyration (and bulk densities) of the obtained aggregates. We showed that collisional compression of aggregates is not efficient and that aggregates remain fluffy. In the present study, we examine geometric cross sections of the aggregates. Their cross sections decrease due to compression as well as to their gyration radii. It is found that a relation between the cross section and the gyration radius proposed by Okuzumi et al. is valid for the compressed aggregates. We also refine the compression model proposed in our previous paper. The refined model enables us to calculate the evolution of both gyration radii and cross sections of growing aggregates and reproduces well our numerical results of sequential aggregate collisions. The refined model can describe non-equal-mass collisions as well as equal-mass cases. Although we do not take into account oblique collisions in the present study, oblique collisions would further hinder compression of aggregates.

  3. Managing Attack Graph Complexity Through Visual Hierarchical Aggregation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noel, Steven

    Managing Attack Graph Complexity Through Visual Hierarchical Aggregation Steven Noel Center a framework for managing network attack graph complexity through interactive visualization, which includes hierarchical aggregation of graph elements. Aggregation collapses non-overlapping subgraphs of the attack graph

  4. Operations Expenditures: Historical Trends and Continuing Challenges (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lantz, E.

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this presentation for the American Wind Energy Association 2013 conference, NREL's Eric Lantz examines historical trends and continuing challenges of wind power operating expenses. Lowering such expenses could increase profitability and contribute to lowering the cost of energy.

  5. DURABILITY EVALUATION AND PRODUCTION OF MANUFACTURED AGGREGATES FROM COAL COMBUSTION BY-PRODUCTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M. M. Wu

    2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Under the cooperative agreement with DOE, the Research and Development Department of CONSOL Energy (CONSOL R&D), teamed with Universal Aggregates, LLC, to conduct a systematic study of the durability of aggregates manufactured using a variety of flue gas desulfurization (FGD), fluidized-bed combustion (FBC) and fly ash specimens with different chemical and physical properties and under different freeze/thaw, wet/dry and long-term natural weathering conditions. The objectives of the study are to establish the relationships among the durability and characteristics of FGD material, FBC ash and fly ash, and to identify the causes of durability problems, and, ultimately, to increase the utilization of FGD material, FBC ash and fly ash as a construction material. Manufactured aggregates made from FGD material, FBC ash and fly ash, and products made from those manufactured aggregates were used in the study. The project is divided into the following activities: sample collection and characterization; characterization and preparation of manufactured aggregates; determination of durability characteristics of manufactured aggregates; preparation and determination of durability characteristics of manufactured aggregate products; and data evaluation and reporting.

  6. aggregate form size: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of exceedence of the aggregate-size provide a meaningful estimate of the same fractal dimension. Systems aggregate because of the influence exerted by a physical or...

  7. aggregate processing technology: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    London 10 Particle-based modelling of aggregation and fragmentation processes: Fractal-like aggregates Nonlinear Sciences (arXiv) Summary: The incorporation of particle...

  8. aggregate tests: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    parameter to aggregation. By using the local Whittle estimator, the statistic takes Weber, Stefan 3 A. SCOPE METHOD OF TEST FOR PROPORTIONS OF COARSE AGGREGATE IN FRESH...

  9. aggregations modeling scientific: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A N; Brilliantov, N V 2011-01-01 18 Aggregation of Composite Solutions: strategies, models, examples CERN Preprints Summary: The paper addresses aggregation issues for...

  10. Data Aggregation Strategies for Evaluation and Reporting | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Aggregation Strategies for Evaluation and Reporting Data Aggregation Strategies for Evaluation and Reporting BetterBuildings: Data and Evaluation Peer Exchange Call: Data...

  11. Highly Stable Trypsin-Aggregate Coatings on Polymer Nanofibers...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Stable Trypsin-Aggregate Coatings on Polymer Nanofibers for Repeated Protein Digestion. Highly Stable Trypsin-Aggregate Coatings on Polymer Nanofibers for Repeated Protein...

  12. Model for Aggregated Water Heater Load Using Dynamic Bayesian Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vlachopoulou, Maria; Chin, George; Fuller, Jason C.; Lu, Shuai; Kalsi, Karanjit

    2012-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The transition to the new generation power grid, or “smart grid”, requires novel ways of using and analyzing data collected from the grid infrastructure. Fundamental functionalities like demand response (DR), that the smart grid needs, rely heavily on the ability of the energy providers and distributors to forecast the load behavior of appliances under different DR strategies. This paper presents a new model of aggregated water heater load, based on dynamic Bayesian networks (DBNs). The model has been validated against simulated data from an open source distribution simulation software (GridLAB-D). The results presented in this paper demonstrate that the DBN model accurately tracks the load profile curves of aggregated water heaters under different testing scenarios.

  13. Guidelines for authorisations to expend funds under delegation 1.2, General Expenditure 1 UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, SYDNEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Sydney

    Guidelines for authorisations to expend funds under delegation 1.2, General Expenditure 1 UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, SYDNEY Council's Standing Delegations of Authority Guidelines for authorisations to expend funds under delegation 1.2, General Expenditure Introduction These guidelines are issued under

  14. Annual Energy Outlook 2015 - Appendix A

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... 29.3 29.5 30.8 32.1 32.4 33.2 34.7 0.6% Non-renewable energy expenditures by sector (billion 2013 dollars) Residential...

  15. Data Aggregation Strategies for Evaluation and Reporting | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised Finding of No53197 This work was performedEnergy Data Aggregation

  16. International Review of the Development and Implementation of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    end-use and direct energy consumption data resources forof sales or energy consumption data on the regional level.used, and energy consumption and expenditure data for major

  17. Arnold Schwarzenegger COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prepared For: California Energy Commission Prepared By: Local Government Commission February 2009 CEC-500 Research Martha Krebs, Ph.D. PIER Director Thom Kelly, Ph.D. Deputy Director ENERGY RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT) Program supports public interest energy research and development that will help improve the quality

  18. Policy 3001 Responsibility of Budget Unit Directors on Use of Funds (Expenditures) 1 OLD DOMINION UNIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNIVERSITY University Policy Policy #3001 RESPONSIBILITY OF BUDGET UNIT DIRECTORS ON USE OF FUNDS and reasonable use of funds to ensure compliance with Federal, State and University policies. B. AUTHORITYPolicy 3001 ­ Responsibility of Budget Unit Directors on Use of Funds (Expenditures) 1 OLD DOMINION

  19. Costs of aggregate hydrocarbon reserve additions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adelman, Morris Albert

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In what follows, we highlight problems created by aggregation using fixed conversion coefficients (Section 1). We then offer an economic index approach as an alternative, one that recognizes changing relative values of oil ...

  20. aggregates: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of these quantum diffusion-limited aggregates vary between 1.43 and 2, depending on the size of the initial wave packet. David B. Johnson; Gonzalo Ordez 2011-11-02 48...

  1. aggregation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of these quantum diffusion-limited aggregates vary between 1.43 and 2, depending on the size of the initial wave packet. David B. Johnson; Gonzalo Ordez 2011-11-02 48...

  2. Diffusion-Limited Aggregation on Curved Surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, J.

    We develop a general theory of transport-limited aggregation phenomena occurring on curved surfaces, based on stochastic iterated conformal maps and conformal projections to the complex plane. To illustrate the theory, we ...

  3. NADIM-Travel: A Multiagent Platform for Travel Services Aggregation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kropf, Peter

    services aggregators are increasingly in demand. A travel services aggregation platform should be able-coordinator agent manages users' requests as well as the response aggregation process. Service agents, on their partNADIM-Travel: A Multiagent Platform for Travel Services Aggregation Houssein Ben-Ameur a , François

  4. SUBGRADE AGGREGATE, SPECIAL (Tollway) Effective: October 29, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of porous granular embankment material of the specified thickness for the SUBGRADE AGGREGATE, SPECIAL item AGGREGATE, SPECIAL shall consist of the following: The coarse aggregate for porous granular embankment shall) particles, or crushed concrete. Virgin steel slag aggregates and other expansive materials as determined

  5. Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milton Wu; Paul Yuran

    2006-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Universal Aggregates LLC (UA) was awarded a cost sharing Co-operative Agreement from the Department of Energy (DOE) through the Power Plant Improvement Initiative Program (PPII) to design, construct and operate a lightweight aggregate manufacturing plant at the Birchwood Power Facility in King George, Virginia in October 2001. The Agreement was signed in November 2002. The installation and start-up expenses for the Birchwood Aggregate Facility are $19.5 million. The DOE share is $7.2 million (37%) and the UA share is $12.3 million (63%). The original project team consists of UA, SynAggs, LLC, CONSOL Energy Inc. and P. J. Dick, Inc. Using 115,000 ton per year of spray dryer ash (SDA), a dry FGD by-product from the power station, UA will produce 167,000 tons of manufactured lightweight aggregate for use in production of concrete masonry units (CMU). Manufacturing aggregate from FGD by-products can provide an economical high-volume use and substantially expand market for FGD by-products. Most of the FGD by-products are currently disposed of in landfills. Construction of the Birchwood Aggregate Facility was completed in March 2004. Operation startup was begun in April 2004. Plant Integration was initiated in December 2004. Integration includes mixing, extrusion, curing, crushing and screening. Lightweight aggregates with proper size gradation and bulk density were produced from the manufacturing aggregate plant and loaded on a stockpile for shipment. The shipped aggregates were used in a commercial block plant for CMU production. However, most of the production was made at low capacity factors and for a relatively short time in 2005. Several areas were identified as important factors to improve plant capacity and availability. Equipment and process control modifications and curing vessel clean up were made to improve plant operation in the first half of 2006. About 3,000 tons of crushed aggregate was produced in August 2006. UA is continuing to work to improve plant availability and throughput capacity and to produce quality lightweight aggregate for use in commercial applications.

  6. Fact #565: April 6, 2009 Household Gasoline Expenditures by Income |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in RepresentativeDepartment of Energy Score MaturityofDepartment

  7. Fact #748: October 8, 2012 Components of Household Expenditures on

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in RepresentativeDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyNew Vehicle

  8. 3.1 RESEARCH EXPENDITURES AND FUNDING ECE Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pattanaik, Sumanta N.

    FUNDED Abdolvand EAGER: Investigation and Optimization of Thermoelectric Properties of Highly with the Hurricane Imaging Radiometer (HIRAD) NASA Marshall Space Flight Center $85,489.00 Improved Active-Inspired Logic Design with Graph and Field Theory NSF $271,642.00 BRIGE: Minimum-Energy Bio- Inspired Analogic

  9. Green Pricing Program Marketing Expenditures: Finding the Right Balance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedman, B.; Miller, M.

    2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In practice, it is difficult to determine the optimal amount to spend on marketing and administering a green pricing program. Budgets for marketing and administration of green pricing programs are a function of several factors: the region of the country; the size of the utility service area; the customer base and media markets encompassed within that service area; the point or stage in the lifespan of the program; and certainly, not least, the utility's commitment to and goals for the program. All of these factors vary significantly among programs. This report presents data on programs that have funded both marketing and program administration. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) gathers the data annually from utility green pricing program managers. Programs reporting data to NREL spent a median of 18.8% of program revenues on marketing their programs in 2008 and 16.6% in 2007. The smallest utilities (those with less than 25,000 in their eligible customer base) spent 49% of revenues on marketing, significantly more than the overall median. This report addresses the role of renewable energy credit (REC) marketers and start-up costs--and the role of marketing, generally, in achieving program objectives, including expansion of renewable energy.

  10. ASAP progress and expenditure report for the month of February 1--29, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Twogood, R.E.; Brase, J.M.; Chambers, D.H.; Mantrom, D.M.; Miller, M.G.; Newman, M.J.; Robey, H.F.; Vigars, M.

    1996-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the ASAP progress and expenditure report for the month of February, 1996. The individual projects` report includes the sponsoring organization, the project identification, the principal investigator, long term objectives, short term objectives, accomplishments this reporting period, identification of issues or concerns, project budget estimate for the fiscal year, and monthly actual and year to date expenditures. The research project concerns a joint US/UK program to develop a high-priority radar system based on real aperture and synthetic aperature radar. Topics being researched include airborne RAR/SAR; radar data processor; ground-based SAR signal processing workstation; static airborne radar; radar field experiments; data analysis and detection theory; program management; modeling and analysis; UCSB wave tank; stratified wave tank; and experiments in a thermo-stratified tank at the Institute of Applied Physics, Russia.

  11. Facts and Figures January 2007 INCOME AND EXPENDITURE (Excluding Press, CA & Trusts) 2005-06

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Travis, Adrian

    Facts and Figures January 2007 INCOME AND EXPENDITURE (Excluding Press, CA & Trusts) 2005-06 2004,928 Breakdown of Research Grant Income 2005-06 £'000 % £'000 Total staff 8602 8570 8,623 Research Councils 89,095 Total 203,886 188,711 Total respondents 2,890 100.0% 3,227 100.0 Breakdown of HEFCE/TDA Income 2005-06

  12. Development and implementation of an enhanced procedure for estimating pavement rehabilitation and maintenance expenditures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Diaz, Juan Carlos

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF AN ENHANCED PROCEDURE FOR ESTIMATING PAVEMENT REHABILITATION AND MAINTENANCE EXPENDITURES A Thesis by JUAN CARLOS GARCIA-DIAZ Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment... GARCIA-DIAZ Approved ss to style and content by: Boma T. Afiesimama (Chairman of Committee) Robert P. Besls (Member) Daniel Colunga (Member) G. ble Bennett ad of Department) August 1987 ABSTRACT Development and Implementation of an Enhanced...

  13. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Noninvasive ventilation reduces energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Noninvasive ventilation reduces energy expenditure in amyotrophic with a shift of the burden of ventilation to extradiaphragmatic inspiratory muscles, including neck muscles prognostic value. We hypothesized that noninvasive ventilation (NIV) would relieve inspiratory neck muscles

  14. Monthly energy review, April 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This April 1995 issue of the Monthly Energy Review contains an assessment of the market for alternative-fuel vehicles, the 1993 electric utility fleet survey. Highlights features commercial buildings energy consumption and expenditures for 1992. Regular features include statistical information in the following areas: Energy overview; Energy consumption; Petroleum; Natural gas; Oil and gas resource development; Coal; Electricity; Nuclear energy; Energy prices; and, International energy.

  15. Small file aggregation in a parallel computing system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Faibish, Sorin; Bent, John M.; Tzelnic, Percy; Grider, Gary; Zhang, Jingwang

    2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Techniques are provided for small file aggregation in a parallel computing system. An exemplary method for storing a plurality of files generated by a plurality of processes in a parallel computing system comprises aggregating the plurality of files into a single aggregated file; and generating metadata for the single aggregated file. The metadata comprises an offset and a length of each of the plurality of files in the single aggregated file. The metadata can be used to unpack one or more of the files from the single aggregated file.

  16. Real-Time Push Middleware and Mobile Application for Electric Vehicle Smart Charging and Aggregation, Accepted for publication June 15, 2011, Special Issue on: Context-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    to demand response and spinning reserves by sending electricity into the grid. EV users are updated and Aggregation, Accepted for publication June 15, 2011, Special Issue on: Context- Aware System and Intelligent and Aggregation Siddhartha Mal and Rajit Gadh Smart Grid Energy Research Center, Mechanical Engineering Department

  17. Mine-to-Mill Optimization of Aggregate Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greg Adel; Toni Kojovic; Darren Thornton

    2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Mine-to-Mill optimization is a total systems approach to the reduction of energy and cost in mining and processing. Developed at the Julius Krutschnitt Mineral Research Center in Queensland, Australia, the Mine-to-Mill approach attempts to minimize energy consumption through optimization of all steps in the size reduction process. The approach involves sampling and modeling of blasting and processing, followed by computer simulation to optimize the operation and develop alternatives. The most promising alternatives are implemented, and sampling is conducted to quantify benefits. In the current project, the primary objective was to adapt Mine-to-Mill technology to the aggregates industry. The first phase of this work was carried out at the Bealeton Quarry near Fredericksburg, Virginia. The second phase was carried out at the Pittsboro Quarry south of Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Both quarries are operated by Luck Stone Corporation of Richmond, Virginia. As a result of the work, several conclusions can be drawn from the project which should assist DOE in assessing the applicability of the Mine-to-Mill approach to the aggregates industry. 1. Implementation of MTM guidelines at Pittsboro has resulted in tangible improvements in productivity. It is clear that MTM guidelines represent an energy savings of around 5% (primary and secondary) and an overall energy savings of 1%. This 1-5% energy savings is also consistent with simulated results for Bealeton had side-by-side shots used to evaluate the technology been carried out in the same rockmass. 2. Luck Stone clearly runs their operations at a high standard. Hence the percentage improvement realized in this project may represent the lower end of what might be expected overall in the aggregates industry. 3. Variability in ore types across both Bealeton and Pittsboro suggests a 2:1 difference in hardness which contradicts the misconception that quarry rock is homogenous. Therefore, the idea of comparing side-by-side blasts is not viable and long term comparisons stand the best chance of confirming the benefits of optimized blasting. 4. There are clear limitations on how much improvement can be made in the aggregate industry due to the fixed feed size that reports to the tertiary section of a typical aggregate plant. These limitations restrict the MTM approach from exercising significant increases in blasting which would only serve to increase fines and reduce product yield. 5. The key to success at Pittsboro was the development of MTM guidelines for the modified blasting practice in consultation with the drill & blast crew. Their full buy-in was necessary to implement optimized blasting in a sustained manner. 6. The JKSimBlast and JKSimMet models have proven to be effective tools for examining blasting and processing at Bealeton and Pittsboro. These models should enable Luck Stone to transfer the MTM approach to other sites.

  18. Designing the Optimal Pricing Policy for Aggregators in the Smart Grid Xue Lin, Yanzhi Wang, and Massoud Pedram

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    the electrical energy storage ability of EV batteries is explored for frequency regulation, load balancing, etc a wide range of energy resources, including fossil fuels, nuclear power and renewable energy such as wind. designed an aggregator for V2G frequency regulation service utilizing active discharge of EVs

  19. Exploring OLAP Aggregates with Hierarchical Visualization Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scholl, Marc H.

    interact with data in a predominantly "drill-down" fashion, i.e. from coarse grained aggregates towards-Line Analytical Processing (OLAP) has evolved into a core technology for comprehensive data analysis in business to be analyzed impose new requirements on OLAP systems. The goal of in- tegrating data from heterogeneous sources

  20. Exploring OLAP Aggregates with Hierarchical Visualization Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiterer, Harald

    with data cubes in a predominantly "drill- down" fashion, i.e. from coarse grained aggregates towards technology for comprehensive data analysis in business and, more recently, in various non-business environments. Growing complexity and volumes of the data to be analyzed impose new requirements on OLAP systems

  1. Aggregate Transfers Historical Yearly Peak

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWP TWP RelatedCellulase C. bescii CelA, a highlyTransfers Historical

  2. Aggregate Transfers Last 8 Days

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWP TWP RelatedCellulase C. bescii CelA, a highlyTransfers

  3. Real-Time Data Aggregation in Contention-Based Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Publications Dept., ACM, Inc., 2 Penn Plaza, Suite 701, New York, NY 10121-0701 USA, fax +1 (212) 869 done on data aggregation, such as reducing energy consumption [Intanagonwiwat et al. 2000; Tang and Xu City University of Hong Kong and GUOLIANG XING Michigan State University We investigate the problem

  4. Non-parametric estimation for aggregated functional data for electric load monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dias, Ronaldo

    . In Brazil, the concession contract between the government and the electricity Corresponding author: IMECC on energy consumption around 6­8pm (due partially to the use of electric showers), while commercialNon-parametric estimation for aggregated functional data for electric load monitoring Ronaldo Dias

  5. The impact of environmental constraints on productivity improvement and energy efficiency in integrated paper and steel plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyd, G.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Decision and Information Sciences Div.; McClelland, J. [Maryland Univ., College Park, MD (United States). Dept. of Economics

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a methodology and results for assessing the impact of production and energy efficiency, environmental regulation, and abatement capital expenditure constraints (e.g. capital rationing) on the productivity of energy and pollution intensive sectors. Energy is treated like any other production input when examining evidence of inefficiency. We find that capital rationing and environmental regulations do contribute to productivity and energy efficiency losses, but do not explain all of the production and energy inefficiencies observed in the paper industry. A summary of the energy source of production inefficiency found in the paper industry, is presented.. Each source is derived as the incremental contribution., i.e. the first is constraints on capital, the second in environmental regulation not accounted for by the first, and the final component is production inefficiency that is not accounted for my any of the- environmental analysis. While the methods are very data intensive, they reveal much more that analysis of aggregate data, 1835 since the only plant level data can provide the estimates of inefficiency that this methodology employs.

  6. Physical controls on copepod aggregations in the Gulf of Maine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woods, Nicholas W

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the role that the circulation in the Gulf of Maine (GOM) plays in determining the distribution of dense aggregations of copepods. These aggregations are an important part of the marine ecosystem, ...

  7. Optical activity of electronically delocalized molecular aggregates: Nonlocal response formulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukamel, Shaul

    Optical activity of electronically delocalized molecular aggregates: Nonlocal response formulation and optical rotation in small optically active molecules, larger conjugated molecules, and molecular aggregates is developed using spatially nonlocal electric and magnetic optical response tensors (r

  8. Magnetic properties of aggregate polycrystalline diamond: implications for carbonado history

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kletetschka, Gunther

    Magnetic properties of aggregate polycrystalline diamond: implications for carbonado history Gu form 20 June 2000; accepted 25 June 2000 Abstract Carbonados are aggregate polycrystalline diamonds features; magnetic hysteresis 1. Introduction Carbonados are sintered polycrystalline micro- diamond

  9. Introduction Coordinated Aggregation Resource Scheduling Reserve Scheduling Coordinated Aggregation of Distributed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Resource Scheduling Reserve Scheduling Power Balance Available power g(t) - Bulk power B - Load Aggregation Resource Scheduling Reserve Scheduling Power Balance ... !" #$%&"'()*+" " ,*-*+.*-" " ,*/*)01" devil is in the details what variability? - variability in wind or rooftop solar? - what time scales

  10. From amorphous aggregates to polymer bundles: The role of stiffness on structural phases in polymer aggregation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johannes Zierenberg; Wolfhard Janke

    2015-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the aggregation transition of a finite theta-polymer system in dependence on the bending stiffness $\\kappa$ with the help of parallel multicanonical simulations. In order to distinguish amorphous aggregates from polymer bundles we introduce an order parameter, measuring the correlation of the end-to-end vectors. With the help of this order parameter, we construct generic $T$-$\\kappa$ phase diagrams for systems with $2$ and $8$ polymers and discuss the occurring phases from amorphous aggregates to bundle structures. For an intermediate stiffness range we find multiple aggregated phases which change with increasing number of polymers and discuss their nature with the help of microcanonical analyses. We show that the stiffness of semiflexible theta polymers is the distinguishing parameter for the emergent structural motifs.

  11. Monthly energy review, August 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Two brief articles are presented: measuring dependence on imported oil; and preliminary estimates of household energy consumption and expenditures in 1993. Then statistical tables are presented: energy overview, energy consumption, petroleum, natural gas, oil and gas resource development, coal, electricity, nuclear energy, energy prices, and international energy. Appendices present thermal conversion factors, metric and other physical conversion factors, CO{sub 2} emission factors for coal, and listing of previous articles. A glossary is also included.

  12. Energy Systems Group Annual Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anand, N. K.; Caton, J.; Heffington, W. M.; O'Neal, D. L.; Somasundaram, S.; Turner, W. D.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in this project. Annual expenditures for energy use in Texas State Agencies in 1984 was over two hundred million dollars. This study has four major tasks. First, the Energy Systems Laboratory is the data collection center for monthly energy data from each... by the Energy Systems Group is improving the efficiency of energy use. Currently, the research focuses on improving energy efficiency in heating and air conditioning equipment, improving thermal efficiency of buildings, implementation of Cogeneration systems...

  13. Characterization of aggregate shape properties using a computer automated system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Rousan, Taleb Mustafa

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Development Methodology?????.. 176 Statistical-Based Aggregate Shape Classification??............... 177 Analysis and Results???????...?????????. 181 Aggregate Texture versus Angularity????????? 181 Effect of Crushing and Size on Shape Properties...)?????????????.. 40 2.24 Laser-based Aggregate Scanning System (LASS) Hardware Architecture??????????????????????? 41 2.25 Illustration of the Erosion-Dilation and Fractal Behavior Method???????????????...????????? 48 2.26 Illustration of the Difference...

  14. Synthetic clay-magnetite aggregates designed for controlled deposition experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

    Synthetic clay-magnetite aggregates designed for controlled deposition experiments Feinberg, J M of synthetic clay-magnetite aggregates whose physical attributes can be tailored for controlled depositional orientation or oriented aggregation. Grain size distributions of magnetite in three different clay

  15. Thermodynamics and Structure of Peptide-Aggregates at Membrane Surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quake, Stephen R.

    Thermodynamics and Structure of Peptide- Aggregates at Membrane Surfaces INAUGURALDISSERTATION zur. Introduction 01 1.1 ­ Thermodynamics of Protein Aggregation 01 1.2 ­ Formation of Protein Aggregates 03 1 and P-glycoprotein: Connecting Thermodynamics and Membrane Structure with Functional Activity 23 3

  16. Light scattering with oxide nanocrystallite aggregates for dye-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Guozhong

    Light scattering with oxide nanocrystallite aggregates for dye- sensitized solar cell application 4://spiedl.org/terms #12;Light scattering with oxide nanocrystallite aggregates for dye-sensitized solar cell application used for a photoelectrode in a dye-sensitized solar cell, the aggregates can be designed to generate

  17. Experimental Evaluation of New Generation Aggregate Image Measurement System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gates, Leslie L.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    . 2003). The current Superpave methods do not measure aggregates texture, although it has significance influence on performance (Fletcher et al. 2002). In some cases, the fine aggregate angularity method does not distinguish between poor and high...) ......................................................... 14 Sphericity Index (3D Form Analysis) ................................................. 14 Sensitivity, Repeatability, and Reproducibility of AIMS ................................ 15 CHAPTER III IMPROVEMENTS OF THE AGGREGATE IMAGE...

  18. Technical support document: Energy conservation standards for consumer products: Dishwashers, clothes washers, and clothes dryers including: Environmental impacts; regulatory impact analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Policy and Conservation Act as amended (P.L. 94-163), establishes energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products specifically covered by the Act. The legislation requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended standards for these and other types of products at specified times. This Technical Support Document presents the methodology, data and results from the analysis of the energy and economic impacts of standards on dishwashers, clothes washers, and clothes dryers. The economic impact analysis is performed in five major areas: An Engineering Analysis, which establishes technical feasibility and product attributes including costs of design options to improve appliance efficiency. A Consumer Analysis at two levels: national aggregate impacts, and impacts on individuals. The national aggregate impacts include forecasts of appliance sales, efficiencies, energy use, and consumer expenditures. The individual impacts are analyzed by Life-Cycle Cost (LCC), Payback Periods, and Cost of Conserved Energy (CCE), which evaluate the savings in operating expenses relative to increases in purchase price; A Manufacturer Analysis, which provides an estimate of manufacturers' response to the proposed standards. Their response is quantified by changes in several measures of financial performance for a firm. An Industry Impact Analysis shows financial and competitive impacts on the appliance industry. A Utility Analysis that measures the impacts of the altered energy-consumption patterns on electric utilities. A Environmental Effects analysis, which estimates changes in emissions of carbon dioxide, sulfur oxides, and nitrogen oxides, due to reduced energy consumption in the home and at the power plant. A Regulatory Impact Analysis collects the results of all the analyses into the net benefits and costs from a national perspective. 47 figs., 171 tabs. (JF)

  19. Beyond Simple Aggregates: Indexing for Summary Queries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi, Ke "Kevin"

    # of employees #12;3-1 Reporting vs. Aggregation Date Keyword 2011.04.08 Masters 2011 2011.04.08 Libya 2011.04.07 Japan nuclear crisis 2011.04.07 Libya · · · 2011.03.11 Japan earthquake 2011.03.11 Japan tsunami 2011 2011.04.08 Libya 2011.04.07 Japan nuclear crisis 2011.04.07 Libya · · · 2011.03.11 Japan earthquake

  20. On the friction coefficient of straight-chain aggregates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorenzo Isella; Yannis Drossinos

    2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A methodology to calculate the friction coefficient of an aggregate in the continuum regime is proposed. The friction coefficient and the monomer shielding factors, aggregate-average or individual, are related to the molecule-aggregate collision rate that is obtained from the molecular diffusion equation with an absorbing boundary condition on the aggregate surface. Calculated friction coefficients of straight chains are in very good agreement with previous results, suggesting that the friction coefficients may be accurately calculated from the product of the collision rate and an average momentum transfer,the latter being independent of aggregate morphology. Langevin-dynamics simulations show that the diffusive motion of straight-chain aggregates may be described either by a monomer-dependent or an aggregate-average random force, if the shielding factors are appropriately chosen.

  1. Using machine learning for real-time activity recognition and estimation of energy expenditure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Munguia Tapia, Emmanuel, 1978-

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Obesity is now considered a global epidemic and is predicted to become the number one preventive health threat in the industrialized world. Presently, over 60% of the U.S. adult population is overweight and 30% is obese. ...

  2. Buildings Energy Data Book: 4.3 Federal Buildings and Facilities Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share of63 National511 FY

  3. Buildings Energy Data Book: 4.3 Federal Buildings and Facilities Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share of63 National511 FY2

  4. Buildings Energy Data Book: 4.3 Federal Buildings and Facilities Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share of63 National511 FY23

  5. Characterization and modeling of thermal diffusion and aggregation in nanofluids.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gharagozloo, Patricia E.; Goodson, Kenneth E. (Stanford University, Stanford, CA)

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fluids with higher thermal conductivities are sought for fluidic cooling systems in applications including microprocessors and high-power lasers. By adding high thermal conductivity nanoscale metal and metal oxide particles to a fluid the thermal conductivity of the fluid is enhanced. While particle aggregates play a central role in recent models for the thermal conductivity of nanofluids, the effect of particle diffusion in a temperature field on the aggregation and transport has yet to be studied in depth. The present work separates the effects of particle aggregation and diffusion using parallel plate experiments, infrared microscopy, light scattering, Monte Carlo simulations, and rate equations for particle and heat transport in a well dispersed nanofluid. Experimental data show non-uniform temporal increases in thermal conductivity above effective medium theory and can be well described through simulation of the combination of particle aggregation and diffusion. The simulation shows large concentration distributions due to thermal diffusion causing variations in aggregation, thermal conductivity and viscosity. Static light scattering shows aggregates form more quickly at higher concentrations and temperatures, which explains the increased enhancement with temperature reported by other research groups. The permanent aggregates in the nanofluid are found to have a fractal dimension of 2.4 and the aggregate formations that grow over time are found to have a fractal dimension of 1.8, which is consistent with diffusion limited aggregation. Calculations show as aggregates grow the viscosity increases at a faster rate than thermal conductivity making the highly aggregated nanofluids unfavorable, especially at the low fractal dimension of 1.8. An optimum nanoparticle diameter for these particular fluid properties is calculated to be 130 nm to optimize the fluid stability by reducing settling, thermal diffusion and aggregation.

  6. aggregate stimulates macrophages: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dobson, Christopher M. 2015-01-01 8 Laser-stimulated Synthesis of Large Nanostructured Fractal Silver Aggregates CERN Preprints Summary: A Laser-stimulated synthesis of large...

  7. aggregates by gradation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    seen between microgravity and ground experiments, both in the structure of the formed fractal aggregates as well as the kinetics of growth. Ground measurements are severely...

  8. aggregates by source: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    seen between microgravity and ground experiments, both in the structure of the formed fractal aggregates as well as the kinetics of growth. Ground measurements are severely...

  9. aggregates enhance recovery: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Prabir 28 Local anisotropy and giant enhancement of local electromagnetic fields in fractal aggregates of metal nanoparticles CERN Preprints Summary: We have shown within the...

  10. aggregates research icar: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    more important properties of classical random walks, namely, their ability to build fractal structures in diffusion-limited aggregation, has been particularly noteworthy....

  11. aggregates by treatment: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    seen between microgravity and ground experiments, both in the structure of the formed fractal aggregates as well as the kinetics of growth. Ground measurements are severely...

  12. aggregating material isolated: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    more important properties of classical random walks, namely, their ability to build fractal structures in diffusion-limited aggregation, has been particularly noteworthy....

  13. aggregate base material: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    steady state particle size distributions in a paradigmatic 2d flow. We show how a fractal structure, typical for aggregates in natural systems, can be incorporated in an...

  14. amyloid peptide aggregation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Computational Insights into Mechanisms and Structures of Metallopeptidases and Amyloid Beta Peptide Aggregation. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??In the present...

  15. aggregation induces phosphorylation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    with experimental findings as a function of field strength and layer thickness. Our analysis yields a crossover in the exponent for the scaling behavior of the aggregate...

  16. aggregates rock and stone: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CiteSeer Summary: Abstract. The main reason for usage of crushed stone mineral aggregate is need for concrete construction building with care about environmental...

  17. aggregate economic damage: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    partition problem Barthelemy and LeClerc 1995 and clustering, JACM 2008 Tuesday, October 15, 13 12;Clustering aggregation Many different clusterings Terzi, Evimaria 28...

  18. Aggregation, Coarsening, and Phase Transformation in ZnSNanoparticles...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Coarsening, and Phase Transformation in ZnS NanoparticlesStudied by Molecular Dynamics Simulations. Aggregation, Coarsening, and Phase Transformation in ZnS...

  19. Evaluation of synthetic aggregates for use in concrete

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Hafizuddin

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    hydroxide (NaOH) tests were performed to evaluate the chemical reactivity of the aggregates. An aggre- gate freeze-thaw test was performed to study the physical durability of the aggregates. In addition, ASTII 067 (5-hr boiling test) was modi. fied... to deteranire the saturation coeificient as well as the freeze-thaw resistance of the aggregates. This test, called the 5-hr. boiling test, w . " shown to provide reliable information re- garding the freeze-thaw resistance of aggregates oi varying quali...

  20. Prediction Markets as an Aggregation Mechanism for Collective Intelligence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watkins, Jennifer H.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    through online prediction markets (undergraduate thesis).J. , & Zitzewitz, E. (2004). Prediction markets. Journal ofPrediction Markets as an Aggregation Mechanism for

  1. aggregation inhibitors reduce: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Morimoto, Richard 10 Reduced-Order Modeling of Aggregated Thermostatic Loads With Demand Response Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary:...

  2. aggregate electricity demand: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Conversion and Utilization Websites Summary: LBNL-6417E Grid Integration of Aggregated Demand Response, Part I: Load Availability Profiles Resources 4 12;12;12;CHAPTER 3:...

  3. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Table C13. Total Electricity Consumption and Expenditures for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 All Buildings* Using Electricity Electricity Consumption Electricity Expenditures Number of...

  4. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    4A. Electricity Consumption and Expenditure Intensities for All Buildings, 2003 Electricity Consumption Electricity Expenditures per Building (thousand kWh) per Square Foot (kWh)...

  5. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    3A. Total Electricity Consumption and Expenditures for All Buildings, 2003 All Buildings Using Electricity Electricity Consumption Electricity Expenditures Number of Buildings...

  6. The determination of equity prices in the aggregate - a monetary approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maberly, Edwin Darrell

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ]ation between consumption and the stock of money (defined as currency plus commercial bank deposits) and be- tween consumption and autonomous expenditures (defined as the sum of net private investment expenditures plus the government deficit...) Their statistical technique consisted of multiple linear regressions employing time series data for the United States from 1897 to 1958 of the stock of money, consumption, and autonomous expenditures. Statistical consid~rat'ons required substituting consumption...

  7. Numerical simulations of aggregate breakup in bounded and unbounded turbulent flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthaus U. Babler; Luca Biferale; Luca Brandt; Ulrike Feudel; Ksenia Guseva; Alessandra S. Lanotte; Cristian Marchioli; Francesco Picano; Gaetano Sardina; Alfredo Soldati; Federico Toschi

    2015-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Breakup of small aggregates in fully developed turbulence is studied by means of direct numerical simulations in a series of typical bounded and unbounded flow configurations, such as a turbulent channel flow, a developing boundary layer and homogeneous isotropic turbulence. The simplest criterion for breakup is adopted, whereas aggregate breakup occurs when the local hydrodynamic stress $\\sigma\\sim \\varepsilon^{1/2}$, with $\\varepsilon$ being the energy dissipation at the position of the aggregate, overcomes a given threshold $\\sigma_\\mathrm{cr}$, which is characteristic for a given type of aggregates. Results show that the breakup rate decreases with increasing threshold. For small thresholds, it develops a universal scaling among the different flows. For high thresholds, the breakup rates show strong differences between the different flow configurations, highlighting the importance of non-universal mean-flow properties. To further assess the effects of flow inhomogeneity and turbulent fluctuations, theresults are compared with those obtained in a smooth stochastic flow. Furthermore, we discuss the limitations and applicability of a set of independent proxies.

  8. Patterns and trends: New York State energy profiles, 1983--1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Section 1 presents a comparison of energy consumption, selected energy prices, source of petroleum products, and other factors influencing energy demand and expenditures for the US and NYS. Section 2 provides historic data for primary and net energy consumption by fuel type and sector (residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation). Section 3 presents retail level energy price data. Retail energy prices are provided by fuel type for each sector in nominal dollar costs per physical unit and per million Btu. Section 4 presents the estimated expenditure on net energy consumption by sector and fuel type in nominal dollars and in 1997 constant dollars (excluding inflation). Estimated costs were derived by multiplying consumption quantities by their respective prices. Section 5 details sources of selected New York State energy supplies. Section 6 provides several appendices, such as tables on household end-use energy consumption and expenditures, gasoline consumption by country, degree-day, conversion factors and a glossary of energy terms.

  9. Radiative decay of excitons in model aggregates of {pi}-conjugated oligomers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Manas, E.S.; Spano, F.C.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spontaneous emission from exciton states in an aggregate of {pi}-conjugated oligomers is studied theoretically. Each oligomer is taken as a ring of N carbon atoms and is treated using a PPP Hamiltonian. Coulombic interactions between rings are treated to first order. The radiative decay rate {gamma} from an exciton state in an aggregate of M aligned oligomers is superradiant, being M times faster than the decay rate of an isolated oligomer exciton. Inter-oligomer interactions have little effect on the exciton size and energy when the oligomer size N is large compared to the interoligomer spacing. However, when N is small, both the exciton size and energy are strongly affected by these interactions, leading to a markedly different N dependence for {gamma}.

  10. Lifting Integrity Constraints in Binary Aggregation Umberto Grandi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Endriss, Ulle

    Lifting Integrity Constraints in Binary Aggregation Umberto Grandi and Ulle Endriss Institute language and we explore the question of whether or not a given aggregation procedure will lift a given, this discipline has received increasing attention in Artificial Intelligence (AI), as testified by a large number

  11. Aggregation Behavior of Two Asphaltenic Fractions in Aromatic Solvents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loh, Watson

    Aggregation Behavior of Two Asphaltenic Fractions in Aromatic Solvents Rahoma S. Mohamed* and Anto. The results indicated possible asphaltene aggregation as well as the probable existence of critical micelle fraction. Average molecular areas for asphaltenes adsorbed at different interfaces estimated from surface

  12. A Single Disulfide Bond Differentiates Aggregation Pathways of 2-Microglobulin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dokholyan, Nikolay V.

    simulation; aggregation; domain swapping*Corresponding author Introduction Amyloid fibrils are insolubleA Single Disulfide Bond Differentiates Aggregation Pathways of ß2-Microglobulin Yiwen Chen1 at Chapel Hill Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA Deposition of wild-type ß2-microglobulin (ß2m) into amyloid

  13. Measurement and quantification of aggregate thermal coefficient of expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chande, Gautam U

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SRG 8 67 El Paso El Paso Granite Slag 5 9042 9. 31163 Panama 3/8" 10. 3914 Panama 1" 12 904 28 Figure 6. Measurement of CTE of aggregate sample Scanning electron microscopy and?i-ray microanaiysis It is known that the CTE of the aggregate...

  14. aggregating brain cell: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    aggregating brain cell First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Biomimetic Dye Aggregate Solar...

  15. Structure, electronic properties, and aggregation behavior of hydroxylated carbon nanotubes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    López-Oyama, A. B.; Silva-Molina, R. A.; Ruíz-García, J.; Guirado-López, R. A., E-mail: guirado@ifisica.uaslp.mx [Instituto de Física “Manuel Sandoval Vallarta,” Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, Álvaro Obregón 64, 78000 San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí (Mexico); Gámez-Corrales, R. [Departamento de Física, Universidad de Sonora, Apartado Postal 5-088, 83190, Hermosillo, Sonora (Mexico)

    2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a combined experimental and theoretical study to analyze the structure, electronic properties, and aggregation behavior of hydroxylated multiwalled carbon nanotubes (OH–MWCNT). Our MWCNTs have average diameters of ?2 nm, lengths of approximately 100–300 nm, and a hydroxyl surface coverage ??0.1. When deposited on the air/water interface the OH–MWCNTs are partially soluble and the floating units interact and link with each other forming extended foam-like carbon networks. Surface pressure-area isotherms of the nanotube films are performed using the Langmuir balance method at different equilibration times. The films are transferred into a mica substrate and atomic force microscopy images show that the foam like structure is preserved and reveals fine details of their microstructure. Density functional theory calculations performed on model hydroxylated carbon nanotubes show that low energy atomic configurations are found when the OH groups form molecular islands on the nanotube's surface. This patchy behavior for the OH species is expected to produce nanotubes having reduced wettabilities, in line with experimental observations. OH doping yields nanotubes having small HOMO–LUMO energy gaps and generates a nanotube ? OH direction for the charge transfer leading to the existence of more hole carriers in the structures. Our synthesized OH–MWCNTs might have promising applications.

  16. Role of Standard Demand Response Signals for Advanced Automated Aggregation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Kiliccote, Sila

    2011-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Emerging standards such as OpenADR enable Demand Response (DR) Resources to interact directly with Utilities and Independent System Operators to allow their facility automation equipment to respond to a variety of DR signals ranging from day ahead to real time ancillary services. In addition, there are Aggregators in today’s markets who are capable of bringing together collections of aggregated DR assets and selling them to the grid as a single resource. However, in most cases these aggregated resources are not automated and when they are, they typically use proprietary technologies. There is a need for a framework for dealing with aggregated resources that supports the following requirements: • Allows demand-side resources to participate in multiple DR markets ranging from wholesale ancillary services to retail tariffs without being completely committed to a single entity like an Aggregator; • Allow aggregated groups of demand-side resources to be formed in an ad hoc fashion to address specific grid-side issues and support the optimization of the collective response of an aggregated group along a number of different dimensions. This is important in order to taylor the aggregated performance envelope to the needs to of the grid; • Allow aggregated groups to be formed in a hierarchical fashion so that each group can participate in variety of markets from wholesale ancillary services to distribution level retail tariffs. This paper explores the issues of aggregated groups of DR resources as described above especially within the context of emerging smart grid standards and the role they will play in both the management and interaction of various grid-side entities with those resources.

  17. Energy-saving technology adoption under uncertainty in the residential sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Energy-saving technology adoption under uncertainty in the residential sector Dorothée Charlier in the energy-saving technology, to save or to consume energy goods and non-energy goods. Resolution to be a highly effective means for households to lower expenditures on energy. In this sense, home renova- tion

  18. Automation of Capacity Bidding with an Aggregator Using Open Automated Demand Response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiliccote, Sila

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    program, demand  response aggregator, demand response  vii WITH AN AGGREGATOR USING OPEN AUTOMATED DEMAND RESPONSE ThisWith an Aggregator Using Open Automated Demand Response is 

  19. An Estimate of Energy Use in Laboratories, Cleanrooms, and Data Centers in New York

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathew, Paul

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cost ($/MCF) NY - Labs - Electricty expenditures (Million $)kWh) NY - Data Centers - Electricty expenditures (Million $)

  20. Mine-to-Mill Optimization of Aggregate Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greg Adel; Toni Kojovic; Darren Thornton

    2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mine-to-Mill optimization is a total systems approach to the reduction of energy and cost in mining and mineral processing operations. Developed at the Julius Krutschnitt Mineral Research Centre (JKMRC) in Queensland, Australia, the Mine-to-Mill approach attempts to minimize energy consumption through the optimization of all steps in the size reduction process. The approach involves sampling and modeling of blasting and processing, followed by computer simulation to optimize the operation and develop alternatives. The most promising alternatives are implemented, and sampling is conducted to quantify energy savings. In the current project, the primary objective is to adapt the JKMRC Mine-to-Mill technology to the aggregates industry. The second phase of this project is being carried out at the Pittsboro Quarry located south of Chapel Hill, North Carolina. This quarry is owned by 3M Corporation and operated by Luck Stone. Based on lessons learned from the first phase work, long-term monitoring ({approx} three months) of all quarry operations is being carried out to minimize the impact of geological changes during the mining process. To date, the blasting and processing operations have been audited and modeled, the long-term monitoring of current Luck Stone practice has been completed, and a modified blasting approach has been implemented based on the results of simulations using JKSimBlast and JKSimPlant. The modified blasting approach is expected to increase the primary throughput by 15% and the secondary throughput by approximately 6%, with an overall specific energy reduction of around 1%. Long-term monitoring is currently underway to evaluate the impact the modified blasting approach. This report summarizes the current status of work at the Pittsboro Quarry.

  1. Building Energy Efficiency Standards Approved Default Cool Roof Performance Values for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Building Energy Efficiency Standards Approved Default Cool Roof Performance Values for Low-Sloped Roofs That Use Aggregate As the Surface Layer Aggregate used as the surface layer of low-sloped roofs shall have the default cool roof properties

  2. Customer Aggregation: An Opportunity for Green Power?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S. Department of Energy Laboratory Operated by Midwest Research Institute ···· Battelle ···· Bechtel Contract No Ed Holt & Associates, Inc. Lori Bird National Renewable Energy Laboratory National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 NREL is a U.S. Department of Energy Laboratory

  3. alpha-synuclein processing aggregation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    London 17 Particle-based modelling of aggregation and fragmentation processes: Fractal-like aggregates Nonlinear Sciences (arXiv) Summary: The incorporation of particle...

  4. A STUDY OF AGGREGATION BIAS IN ESTIMATING THE MARKET FOR HOME HEATING AND COOLING EQUIPMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, D.J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    models: aggregated by SMSA market share central cooling all gas space heat all oilmodels: aggregated by regions market share central cooling all gas space heat all oil

  5. A Minimal description of morphological hierarchy in two-dimensional aggregates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tamoghna Das; T. Lookman; M. M. Bandi

    2015-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A dimensionless parameter $\\Lambda$ is proposed to describe a hierarchy of morphologies in two-dimensional (2D) aggregates formed due to varying competition between short-range attraction and long-range repul- sion. Structural transitions from finite non-compact to compact to percolated structures are observed in the configurations simulated by molecular dynamics at a constant temperature and density. Configurational randomness across the transition, measured by the two-body excess entropy $S_2$, exhibits data collapse with the average potential energy $\\bar{\\mathcal{E}}$ of the systems. Independent master curves are presented among $S_2$, the reduced second virial coefficient $B_2^*$ and $\\Lambda$, justifying this minimal description. This work lays out a coherent basis for the study of 2D aggregate morphologies relevant to diverse nano- and bio-processes.

  6. Aggregation kinetics of stiff polyelectrolytes in the presence of multivalent salt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossein Fazli; Ramin Golestanian

    2007-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Using molecular dynamics simulations, the kinetics of bundle formation for stiff polyelectrolytes such as actin is studied in the solution of multivalent salt. The dominant kinetic mode of aggregation is found to be the case of one end of one rod meeting others at right angle due to electrostatic interactions. The kinetic pathway to bundle formation involves a hierarchical structure of small clusters forming initially and then feeding into larger clusters, which is reminiscent of the flocculation dynamics of colloids. For the first few cluster sizes, the Smoluchowski formula for the time evolution of the cluster size gives a reasonable account for the results of our simulation without a single fitting parameter. The description using Smoluchowski formula provides evidence for the aggregation time scale to be controlled by diffusion, with no appreciable energy barrier to overcome.

  7. An Equilibrium Approach to the Aggregation of Beliefs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, Yi; Zhang, Jianbo

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that satis?es Walras law Pz(P) #17; 0; then there is some P such that z(P) #20; 0: (see for example Varian pp321). The uniqueness of the equilibrium aggregation can be obtained by simply applying a theorem in Stella Dafermos (1990) pp396: Lemma 3 (Stella... the agents by varying his probabilities assigned to each state. When the aggregation reaches an equilibrium, all the claims from all agents are mutually covered for every realization of the state, and thus an aggregation 3 of individual beliefs is obtained...

  8. Early age delamination in concrete pavements made with gravel aggregates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Juanyu

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    , and application of ultra-fine fly ash among others. A fractional factorial design (Taguchi method) based on ?orthogonal array? (Taguchi et al. 1993) was used to evaluate the effects of various factors on the bonding strength. Test runs were made according... of the aggregate can be represented by an overall rating of the contribution of aggregate to the bonding performance. Non-aggregate factors include water/cementitious ratio (w/cm), cement factor, ultra-fly ash content, and curing quality. The overall effects...

  9. Effects of the declining groundwater supply in the northern high plains of Oklahoma and Texas on community service expenditures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williford, George Herbert

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Panhandle and the three counties of the Oklahoma Panhandle as shown in figure 1. This region, hereafter referred to as the Northern High Plains, is basically a rural area with Amarillo as the only Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (SMSA...EFFECTS OF THE DECLINING GROUNDWATER SUPPLY IN THE NORTHERN HIGH PLAINS OF OKLAHOMA AND TEXAS ON COMMUNITY SERVICE EXPENDITURES A Thesis by GEORGE HERBERT WILLIFORD III II, Submi. tted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University...

  10. Renewable Energy Projections as Published in the National

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    energy consumption 31 Renewable aggregate data as reported in NREAP 45 Biomass supply 51 RES excess;Contents Summary 9 Gross final energy consumption The share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Detailed

  11. IEEE Energy2030 Atlanta, GA USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    of an aggregation of battery vehicles for the provision of frequency regulation ­ requiring very fast response times as distributed energy resources that can act both as supply and demand resources. We assess the deployment ­ and energy supply for peak shaving. We also investigate the impacts of the aggregated battery vehicle

  12. aggregates colonization growth: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lesanovsky, I; Booth, D; Shaffer, J P; Pfau, T; Lw, R 2014-01-01 6 Transition in the fractal properties from diffusion-limited aggregation to Laplacian growth via their...

  13. aggregating devices fads: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    as compared with non-fractal aggregates (where the critical stress is practically size-independent). This is due to the fact that breaking up a fractal object leads to denser...

  14. aggregate utilizacao da: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of these quantum diffusion-limited aggregates vary between 1.43 and 2, depending on the size of the initial wave packet. David B. Johnson; Gonzalo Ordez 2011-11-02 52...

  15. aggregates involves smad: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of these quantum diffusion-limited aggregates vary between 1.43 and 2, depending on the size of the initial wave packet. David B. Johnson; Gonzalo Ordez 2011-11-02 96...

  16. adenosine diphosphate-induced aggregation: Topics by E-print...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of these quantum diffusion-limited aggregates vary between 1.43 and 2, depending on the size of the initial wave packet. David B. Johnson; Gonzalo Ordez 2011-11-02 68...

  17. aggregate mixtures: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of these quantum diffusion-limited aggregates vary between 1.43 and 2, depending on the size of the initial wave packet. David B. Johnson; Gonzalo Ordez 2011-11-02 First Page...

  18. anionic surfactant aggregation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ZnO nanostructures formation from zinc nanoclasters size of several nanometers to ZnO fractal aggregates (FA) size up to hundreds of nanometers. Determinants of this process are...

  19. aggregative citrobacter freundii: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of these quantum diffusion-limited aggregates vary between 1.43 and 2, depending on the size of the initial wave packet. David B. Johnson; Gonzalo Ordez 2011-11-02 53...

  20. aggregating proteoglycan aggrecan: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of these quantum diffusion-limited aggregates vary between 1.43 and 2, depending on the size of the initial wave packet. David B. Johnson; Gonzalo Ordez 2011-11-02 71...

  1. aggregate gradation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of these quantum diffusion-limited aggregates vary between 1.43 and 2, depending on the size of the initial wave packet. David B. Johnson; Gonzalo Ordez 2011-11-02 First Page...

  2. alter aggregate characteristics: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    state particle size distributions in a 3-d synthetic turbulent flow. We show how a fractal-like structure, typical of aggregates in natural systems, can be incorporated in an...

  3. aggregate decay heat: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    as compared with non-fractal aggregates (where the critical stress is practically size-independent). This is due to the fact that breaking up a fractal object leads to denser...

  4. Grid Integration of Aggregated Demand Response, Part I: Load Availability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBNL-6417E Grid Integration of Aggregated Demand Response, Part I: Load Availability Profiles Resources 4 #12;#12;#12;CHAPTER 3: Results: DR Profiles 3.1 Projected Demand Response Availability in 2020

  5. Effect of red blood cells on platelet aggregation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karniadakis, George E.

    This study briefly reviews the model that describes platelet behavior resulting in aggregation and thrombus formation. This is followed by an overview of the basics of the dissipative particle dynamics (DPD), the simulation ...

  6. Tangible interfaces for manipulating aggregates of digital information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullmer, Brygg Anders

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis develops new approaches for people to physically represent and interact with aggregates of digital information. These support the concept of Tangible User Interfaces (TUIs), a genre of human-computer interaction ...

  7. Water adsorption on aggregates of spherical aerosol nano particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nie, Chu

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A three dimensional integral equation is developed in order to compute water adsorption onto aggregates of spherical aerosol nano particles. The integral equation is derived from molecular density functional theory, with a weighted density...

  8. Recycling of PET bottles as fine aggregate in concrete

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frigione, Mariaenrica, E-mail: mariaenrica.frigione@unisalento.i [Department of Engineering for Innovation, University of Salento, Via per Monteroni, 73100 Lecce (Italy)

    2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An attempt to substitute in concrete the 5% by weight of fine aggregate (natural sand) with an equal weight of PET aggregates manufactured from the waste un-washed PET bottles (WPET), is presented. The WPET particles possessed a granulometry similar to that of the substituted sand. Specimens with different cement content and water/cement ratio were manufactured. Rheological characterization on fresh concrete and mechanical tests at the ages of 28 and 365 days were performed on the WPET/concretes as well as on reference concretes containing only natural fine aggregate in order to investigate the influence of the substitution of WPET to the fine aggregate in concrete. It was found that the WPET concretes display similar workability characteristics, compressive strength and splitting tensile strength slightly lower that the reference concrete and a moderately higher ductility.

  9. Distributed Regulation Allocation with Aggregator Coordinated Electric Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Ben

    Distributed Regulation Allocation with Aggregator Coordinated Electric Vehicles Sun Sun, Min Dong, and Ben Liang Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, Canada Dept. of Electrical, Computer and Software Engineering, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Canada Email

  10. THE SPATIAL AGGREGATION LANGUAGE FOR MODELING AND CONTROLLING DISTRIBUTED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey-Kellogg, Chris

    THE SPATIAL AGGREGATION LANGUAGE FOR MODELING AND CONTROLLING DISTRIBUTED PHYSICAL SYSTEMS study novel approaches to decentralized control de- sign, in the context of thermal regulation important science and engineering applications, such as predicting weather patterns, controlling

  11. artificial aggregates: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    use of river sand less attractive, a substitute or replacement product for concrete industry needs to be found. River sand is most commonly used fine aggregate in the production...

  12. Aggregation of student answers in a classroom setting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Amanda C

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a typical class, an instructor does not have enough time to poll all students for answers to questions, although it would be the best method for discovering students' misconceptions. The aggregator module of a system ...

  13. Moisture Diffusion in Asphalt Binders and Fine Aggregate Mixtures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasconcelos, Kamilla L.

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    cost in highway maintenance and vehicle operations. One key mechanism of how moisture reaches the asphalt-aggregate interface is by its permeation or diffusion through the asphalt binder or mastic. Different techniques are available for diffusion...

  14. Interpretation and aggregation of marks in classroom learning partner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Kenneth D

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the mark understanding problem in the context of a Tablet-PC-based classroom interaction system. It presents a novel method for interpreting digital ink strokes on background images, and aggregating ...

  15. Essays on Broad Divisia Monetary Aggregates: Admissibility and Practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mattson, Ryan Scott

    2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The assumption of weak separability of goods and services in the utility function is ubiquitous in macroeconomic modeling. If the goods and services are weakly separable, they can be combined into an "admissible" aggregate. ...

  16. A framework for a coarse aggregate classification system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peapully, Srikrishna

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    System 1 . 4 . . 5 . . 6 II OVERVIEW OF EXISTING CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS . . . . 8 8 14 Soil Classification Systems Rock Classification Systems Previous Efforts in Developing an Aggregate Classification System... for Rocks . . 19 3. 1 Characterization of Aggregate Shape Based on Form Factor Proposed by Folk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 3. 2 Four Shape Categories as Described by Zingg . . 41 3. 3 Surface Texture Characterization Proposed by Kummer . . 42 4. 1...

  17. Fractal and projected structure properties of soot aggregates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koeylue, U.O.; Faeth, G.M. [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Aerospace Engineering] [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Aerospace Engineering; Farias, T.L.; Carvalho, M.G. [Instituto Superior Tecnico, Lisbon (Portugal). Mechanical Engineering Dept.] [Instituto Superior Tecnico, Lisbon (Portugal). Mechanical Engineering Dept.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The structure of soot aggregates was investigated, emphasizing the fractal properties as well as the relationship between the properties of actual and projected soot images. This information was developed by considering numerically simulated soot aggregates based on cluster-cluster aggregation as well as measured soot aggregates based on thermophoretic sampling and analysis by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of soot for a variety of fuels (acetylene, propylene, ethylene, and propane) and both laminar and turbulent diffusion flame conditions. It was found that soot aggregate fractal properties are relatively independent of fuel type and flame condition, yielding a fractal dimension of 1.82 and a fractal prefactor of 8.5, with experimental uncertainties (95% confidence) of 0.08 and 0.5, respectively. Relationships between the actual and projected structure properties of soot, e.g., between the number of primary particles and the projected area and between the radius of gyration of an aggregate and its projected image, also are relatively independent of fuel type and flame condition.

  18. Laser Control of Dissipative Two-Exciton Dynamics in Molecular Aggregates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yun-an Yan; Oliver Kühn

    2012-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    There are two types of two-photon transitions in molecular aggregates, that is, non-local excitations of two monomers and local double excitations to some higher excited intra-monomer electronic state. As a consequence of the inter-monomer Coulomb interaction these different excitation states are coupled to each other. Higher excited intra-monomer states are rather short-lived due to efficient internal conversion of electronic into vibrational energy. Combining both processes leads to the annihilation of an electronic excitation state, which is a major loss channel for establishing high excitation densities in molecular aggregates. Applying theoretical pulse optimization techniques to a Frenkel exciton model it is shown that the dynamics of two-exciton states in linear aggregates (dimer to tetramer) can be influenced by ultrafast shaped laser pulses. In particular, it is studied to what extent the decay of the two-exciton population by inter-band transitions can be transiently suppressed. Intra-band dynamics is described by a dissipative hierarchy equation approach, which takes into account strong exciton-vibrational coupling in the non-Markovian regime.

  19. A Generalized Eigensolver based on Smoothed Aggregation (GES-SA) for Initializing Smoothed Aggregation Multigrid (SA)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brezina, M; Manteuffel, T; McCormick, S; Ruge, J; Sanders, G; Vassilevski, P S

    2007-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Consider the linear system Ax = b, where A is a large, sparse, real, symmetric, and positive definite matrix and b is a known vector. Solving this system for unknown vector x using a smoothed aggregation multigrid (SA) algorithm requires a characterization of the algebraically smooth error, meaning error that is poorly attenuated by the algorithm's relaxation process. For relaxation processes that are typically used in practice, algebraically smooth error corresponds to the near-nullspace of A. Therefore, having a good approximation to a minimal eigenvector is useful to characterize the algebraically smooth error when forming a linear SA solver. This paper discusses the details of a generalized eigensolver based on smoothed aggregation (GES-SA) that is designed to produce an approximation to a minimal eigenvector of A. GES-SA might be very useful as a standalone eigensolver for applications that desire an approximate minimal eigenvector, but the primary aim here is for GES-SA to produce an initial algebraically smooth component that may be used to either create a black-box SA solver or initiate the adaptive SA ({alpha}SA) process.

  20. Energy Department and GSA Assist in Capital Solar Challenge Industry...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    on aggregated solar purchases and power purchases agreements to help lower their cost of electricity and increase renewable energy consumption percentages. GSA is planning an...

  1. RETURN ON INVESTMENT FROM ONLINE BANKING SERVICES: AN ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL ACCOUNT AGGREGATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melo de Brito Carvalho, Tereza

    2003-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The successful adoption of Financial Account Aggregation requires a careful analysis of the business

  2. amount energy level: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    amount energy level First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 On Energy Expenditure per Unit of...

  3. Increase Productivity - Implement Energy Management Systems with Project Management Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spinner, M. P.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Engineering Manager of this small but active division, I devote a big part of my time on justifying energy expenditures and the means to reduce these costs. Ten years ago energy costs were one tenth of today's costs and just about three percent of the division...

  4. Linking Microbial Community Structure to ?-Glucosidic Function in Soil Aggregates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, Vanessa L.; Fansler, Sarah J.; Stegen, James C.; McCue, Lee Ann

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To link microbial community 16S structure to a measured function in a natural soil we have scaled both DNA and ?-glucosidase assays down to a volume of soil that may approach a unique microbial community. ?-glucosidase activity was assayed in 450 individual aggregates which were then sorted into classes of high or low activities, from which groups of 10 or 11 aggregates were identified and grouped for DNA extraction and pyrosequencing. Tandem assays of ATP were conducted for each aggregate in order to normalize these small groups of aggregates for biomass size. In spite of there being no significant differences in the richness or diversity of the microbial communities associated with high ?-glucosidase activities compared with the communities associated with low ?-glucosidase communities, several analyses of variance clearly show that the communities of these two groups differ. The separation of these groups is partially driven by the differential abundances of members of the Chitinophagaceae family. It may be that observed functional differences in otherwise similar soil aggregates can be largely attributed to differences in resource availability, rather than to presence or absence of particular taxonomic groups.

  5. Ris-R-1297 (DA) Fordelingsvirkninger af energi-og miljaf-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are illustrated using household consumption survey data and data covering household expenditures on energy on households in Denmark in the form of taxes on energy use of all kinds, water consumption and waste production on household consumption of energy and other polluting activities. Indirect effect is calculated to include

  6. ANTHONY EGGERT, EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR POLICY INSTITUTE FOR ENERGY, ENVIRONMENT AND THE ECONOMY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    ,000 MW (2006) Energy Expenditures (2010) ~$33.4B Electricity ~$15B Natural Gas ~$72B Petroleum Total of residential, commercial, industrial heating #12;THANK YOU! More information: · energyANTHONY EGGERT, EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR POLICY INSTITUTE FOR ENERGY, ENVIRONMENT AND THE ECONOMY

  7. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY Arnold Schwarzenegger, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are discussed below. Prior to the expenditure of EECBG Program fund, the Energy Commission and applicants must CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, CA 95814-5512 WEBSITES Main website: www.energy.ca.gov Data and statistics: www.energyalmanac.ca.gov Children's website: www.energyquest.ca.gov Consumer

  8. Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist. Category UC-l 1,EnergyExploring the NatureDepartment

  9. Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist. Category UC-l 1,EnergyExploring the NatureDepartmentExtracellular

  10. Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist. Category UC-l 1,EnergyExploring the

  11. Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist. Category UC-l 1,EnergyExploring theExtracellular Proteins Promote

  12. bib-aggregate | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing Coal(tm): An IntegratedEffects ofbgq_stack

  13. Ferrofluid aggregates phase transitions in the planar magnetic field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. F. Kovalenko; M. V. Petrychuk; B. M. Tanygin; S. I. Shulyma

    2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The influence of the cyclic heating and cooling on properties of the aggregates (aka "ferrofluid clusters") in a ferrofluid, which made on the basis of magnetite nanoparticles, are investigated. The heating of the ferrofluid layer with such aggregates leads to equalization of the concentration between high- and low-concentrated phases. The temperature of the equalization of the phase concentrations was determined at different values of an external constant magnetic field, which was applied parallel to the layer of the ferrofluid. The temperature of the destruction of a periodic structure of the magnetic aggregates, which were formed during cooling of a homogeneous phase of the ferrofluid, was obtained at the different values of the applied external magnetic field.

  14. Markov Modeling with Soft Aggregation for Safety and Decision Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    COOPER,J. ARLIN

    1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The methodology in this report improves on some of the limitations of many conventional safety assessment and decision analysis methods. A top-down mathematical approach is developed for decomposing systems and for expressing imprecise individual metrics as possibilistic or fuzzy numbers. A ''Markov-like'' model is developed that facilitates combining (aggregating) inputs into overall metrics and decision aids, also portraying the inherent uncertainty. A major goal of Markov modeling is to help convey the top-down system perspective. One of the constituent methodologies allows metrics to be weighted according to significance of the attribute and aggregated nonlinearly as to contribution. This aggregation is performed using exponential combination of the metrics, since the accumulating effect of such factors responds less and less to additional factors. This is termed ''soft'' mathematical aggregation. Dependence among the contributing factors is accounted for by incorporating subjective metrics on ''overlap'' of the factors as well as by correspondingly reducing the overall contribution of these combinations to the overall aggregation. Decisions corresponding to the meaningfulness of the results are facilitated in several ways. First, the results are compared to a soft threshold provided by a sigmoid function. Second, information is provided on input ''Importance'' and ''Sensitivity,'' in order to know where to place emphasis on considering new controls that may be necessary. Third, trends in inputs and outputs are tracked in order to obtain significant information% including cyclic information for the decision process. A practical example from the air transportation industry is used to demonstrate application of the methodology. Illustrations are given for developing a structure (along with recommended inputs and weights) for air transportation oversight at three different levels, for developing and using cycle information, for developing Importance and Sensitivity measures for soil aggregation, for developing dependence methodology, for constructing early alert logic, for tracking trends, for relating the Markov model to other (e.g., Reason) models, for developing and demonstrating rudimentary laptop software, and for developing an input/output display methodology.

  15. Aggregate productivity in the United States, 1929-82

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosko, Linda Ann

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AGGREGATE PRODUCTIVITY IN THE UNITED STATES, 1929-82 A Thesis by LINDA ANN KOSKO submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1984 Major... Subject: Economics AGGREGATE PRODUCTIVITY IN THE UNITED STATES, 1929-82 A Thesis by LINDA ANN KOSKO Approved as to style and content by: Hae-Shin Hwa (Chairman of Comm ttee) Rudo h J. Freund ( mber) David P. Schutte (Member) John R. Moroney...

  16. Aggregation of induction machines for power system dynamic studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taleb, M.; Akbaba, M.; Abdullah, E.A. (Univ. of Bahrain, Isa Town (Bahrain). Electrical Engineering Dept.)

    1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper proposes a method for the aggregation of induction motor loads. Thevenin theorem along with some transient characteristics of induction machine are used in calculating the parameters of the equivalent machine. The dynamic response of the resultant machine differs from the sum of the dynamic responses of the individual machines. For a diversified group of induction machines, at least two separate aggregate machines are needed to represent the overall dynamic performance of the machines. To this end, a handy index for the classification (grouping) of machines is suggested. Comparison between the results obtained from the proposed method and corresponding ones obtained from some of the published methods is also presented.

  17. How Much Does DOE Spend? Total DOE Budget Expenditures Vs. Procurement & Assistance

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov.Energy02.pdf7 OPAM Flash2011-37Energy HighlightsCarbon CaptureShade

  18. Designing pricing strategies for coordination of networked distributed energy resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liberzon, Daniel

    Designing pricing strategies for coordination of networked distributed energy resources Bahman, by a group of distributed energy resources (DERs). The aggregator interacts with the wholesale electricity. The objective is for the aggregator to design a pricing strategy for incentivizing DERs to modify their active

  19. Does convective aggregation need to be represented in cumulus parameterizations?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Does convective aggregation need to be represented in cumulus parameterizations? Isabelle Tobin,1 in phenomena such as ``hot spots'' or the Madden-Julian Oscillation. These findings support the need climate models lack any such representation. The ability of a cloud system- resolving model to reproduce

  20. Phase-locked rhythms in periodically stimulated heart cell aggregates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glass, Leon

    Phase-locked rhythms in periodically stimulated heart cell aggregates MICHAEL R. GUEVARA, ALVIN GUEVARA,MICHAEL R., ALVIN SHRIER,ANDLEONGLASS. Phase-locked rhythms in periodically stimulated heart cell, THE SINOATRIAL NODE acts as the pace- maker of the heart. As a result of the orderly spread of excitation

  1. amyloid beta aggregation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    amyloid beta aggregation First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Computational Insights into...

  2. aggregated amyloid beta: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    aggregated amyloid beta First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Computational Insights into...

  3. Effect of Dispersant on Asphaltene Suspension Dynamics: Aggregation and Sedimentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firoozabadi, Abbas

    processes, most involving scat- tering, either dynamic light scattering, static light scattering, or neutron on this aggregation behavior through the use of dynamic light scattering, showing that both the amount of dispersant asphaltene suspensions. The light scattering results match well with those obtained through the macroscopic

  4. Quantitative Models for Operational Risk: Extremes, Dependence and Aggregation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Embrechts, Paul

    risk data lend themselves easily to a full quantitative analysis. For example, legal risk defiesQuantitative Models for Operational Risk: Extremes, Dependence and Aggregation V. Chavez, the financial industry is looking for qualitative approaches to and quantitative models for operational risk

  5. BRIEF COMMUNICATIONS A probable spawning aggregation of the leather bass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of herbivores that facilitate leather bass predation on benthic fishes and crustaceans (Montgomery, 1975). Of the 122 reef fish species in Revillagigedo recorded on scuba dives in February 2006, the leather bassBRIEF COMMUNICATIONS A probable spawning aggregation of the leather bass Dermatolepis dermatolepis

  6. Medians and Beyond: New Aggregation Techniques for Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Jie

    databases, Query processing General Terms Algorithms Keywords Sensor Networks, Aggregation, Approximation Algorithms, Dis­ tributed Algorithms # The authors were supported by NSF grant IIS­0121562 and Army Research Organisation grant DAAD19­03­D­0004 through the In­ stitute for Collaborative Biotechnologies. Permission

  7. Medians and Beyond: New Aggregation Techniques for Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Soma

    databases, Query processing General Terms Algorithms, Performance Keywords Sensor Networks, Aggregation, Approximation Algorithms, Dis- tributed Algorithms The authors were supported by NSF grant IIS-0121562 and Army Research Organisation grant DAAD19-03-D-0004 through the In- stitute for Collaborative Biotechnologies

  8. Intra-Aggregate Mass Transport-Limited Bioavailability of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rockne, Karl J.

    and high octanol-water partition coef- ficients (1). In aquatic environments PAHs tend to partition Brunswick, New Jersey 08901 Biodegradation kinetics for three- and four-ring PAHs by Mycobacterium sp-aggregate mass transport limitations were compared with abiotic PAH desorption kinetics. The results indicate

  9. The Mathematical Analysis of Biological Aggregation and Dispersal: Progress,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Othmer, Hans

    . coli, to flocks of birds, schools of fish, and herds of ungulates. Aggregation is a broad term, which to an external signal specific terms may be used: swarming in insects, flocking in birds, schooling in fishes organization, such as alignment in fish schools, which undoubtedly involves at least nearest

  10. Slippery diffusion-limited aggregation Clair R. Seager1,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weeks, Eric R.

    can translationally diffuse over the surface of the other. By contrast, shear-rigid bonding createsSlippery diffusion-limited aggregation Clair R. Seager1, * and Thomas G. Mason2, 1 Department attractions in liquids form irreversible "slippery" bonds that are not shear-rigid. Through event

  11. Minimum Cost Data Aggregation with Localized Processing for Statistical Inference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anandkumar, Animashree

    Minimum Cost Data Aggregation with Localized Processing for Statistical Inference Animashree--The problem of minimum cost in-network fusion of measurements, collected from distributed sensors via multihop, which implies that any Steiner- tree approximation can be employed for minimum cost fusion with the same

  12. Discrete molecular dynamics simulations of peptide aggregation B. Urbanc,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanley, H. Eugene

    may allow for further aggregation of model peptides to form elongated fibrils. DOI: 10.1103/Phys structural features for these amyloid fibrils: the presence of a 4.7­4.8 Å interstrand spacing along of fibril formation, our knowledge of the de- tailed fibrillar structure and mechanisms of amyloid assem

  13. Statistical Analysis of Cellular Aggregates in Immunofluorescence Histology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Mike

    specific cell-surface molecules and conjugated to fluorophores. These light-sensitive dyes emit light aggregates in immunofluorescent images. We model the spatial distribution of cells as a heterogeneous point components of post-immunization lymph nodes such as B-cell follicles and germinal centers. 1 Introduction

  14. Hollow hemispherical titanium dioxide aggregates fabricated by coaxial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Guozhong

    hemispherical titanium dioxide aggregates fabricated by coaxial electrospray for dye-sensitized solar cell nanocrystallites were prepared by a coaxial electrospray method and applied to dye- sensitized solar cells (DSCs-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). [DOI: 10.1117/1.JNP.6.063519] Keywords dye-sensitized solar cells; hollow

  15. TIME-DECAYING SKETCHES FOR ROBUST AGGREGATION OF SENSOR DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cormode, Graham

    , AND BOJIAN XU§ Abstract. We present a new sketch for summarizing network data. The sketch has the follow- ing, such as sensor networks: the sketch is duplicate-insensitive, i.e. re-insertions of the same data will not affect. sensor network, data streams, time decay, asynchrony, data aggregation, duplicates AMS subject

  16. Stability and Aggregation of Metal Oxide Nanoparticles in Natural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cardinale, Bradley J.

    dispersed three different metal oxide nanoparticles (TiO2, ZnO and CeO2) in samples taken from eight,river,andgroundwater,andmeasuredtheirelectrophoretic mobility, state of aggregation, and rate of sedimentation.g., sunscreens, paints, coatings, catalysts). A simplified con- ceptual model of a typical nanoparticle life

  17. aggregate health care: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    aggregate health care First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Health care CiteSeer Summary: n...

  18. AN AGGREGATION-BASED DOMAIN DECOMPOSITION PRECONDITIONER FOR GROUNDWATER FLOW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Our analysis uses the standard finite element framework from [18,24]. The preconditioner also works well in the context of finite differences, however, as some of the examples in £ 3 illustrateAN AGGREGATION-BASED DOMAIN DECOMPOSITION PRECONDITIONER FOR GROUNDWATER FLOW E. W. JENKINS ¡, C

  19. Probabilistic Data Aggregation In Distributed Anthony D. Joseph

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph, Anthony D.

    . Kubiatowicz Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences University of California at Berkeley Technical Report- tivity of large-scale data aggregation networks to the loss of data. Our approach leverages multi involuntary data loss while minimizing overall impact on accuracy. Further, this technique permits nodes

  20. A Distributed Throttling Approach for Handling High Bandwidth Aggregates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lui, John C.S.

    bandwidth aggregates that may occur during times of flooding- based DDoS attacks or flash crowds. The often attention are distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks and flash crowds[12]. In a DDoS attack, attackers of the congestion points) from overload. Consider a network server, say , experiencing a DDoS attack. To protect

  1. A Distributed Throttling Approach for Handling High Bandwidth Aggregates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yau, David K Y

    by high bandwidth aggregates that may occur during times of flooding-based DDoS attacks or flash crowds) are stable under given delay bounds. Index Terms--Resource management, DDoS attacks, network security. Ç 1 attention are distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks and flash crowds [7]. In a DDoS attack, attackers

  2. Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Environmental Assessments (EA) /EmailMolecularGE, Ford, University

  3. Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Environmental Assessments (EA) /EmailMolecularGE, Ford, UniversityExtracellular

  4. Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Environmental Assessments (EA) /EmailMolecularGE, Ford,

  5. Investigating the Aggregation of the Basic Leucine Zipper (bZIP) Domain of Activating Transcription Factor 5 (ATF5)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciaccio, Natalie Anne

    2010-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Protein aggregation is a major problem for biopharmaceuticals. Aggregate formation in a drug formulation can have serious health implications for the patient. While the control of protein aggregation is critically important ...

  6. The development of correlations between HMA pavement performance and aggregate shape properties 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGahan, Jeremy

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The physical characteristics of aggregates (form, angularity, and texture) are known to affect the performance of hot mix asphalt (HMA) pavements. Efforts to develop relationships between these aggregate characteristics ...

  7. Amino-terminal domain stability mediates apolipoprotein E aggregation into neurotoxic fibrils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatters, Danny M; Zhong, Ning; Rutenber, Earl; Weisgraber, Karl H

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of self-association of apoE tetramer into aggregates. (a).presence of 100 µg/ml apoE4 tetramer incubated at 37 o C forstructure between apoE4 tetramer and aggregate. (a). CD

  8. Regular Article Effects of erythrocyte deformability and aggregation on the cell free layer and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popel, Aleksander S.

    , and sickle cell anemia (Popel and Johnson, 2005).The underlying mechanism of RBC aggregation is still under

  9. Investigation of the bond and tensile capacity of synthetic lightweight aggregates embedded in a cement matrix

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nichols, Gisela Wagner

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    aggregates. A disoussion of the design and oonstruotion of the equipmsnt of the testing method is presented~ iv ABSTRACT CONTINUED Eight batohes of differently shaped pieces of seven types of lightweight aggregates were tested and are evaluated.... . Almost all of the aggregate pieces failed in tension. The approximate tensile strengths are caloulated and compared to the dry unit weights and bulk specific gravities of the various aggregates. Three conolusions are presented and six recommendations...

  10. Global expenditure on subsea manifolds is estimated to reach USD 3,716.42

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAddInformationEnergyEnergyGWECC Jump

  11. A High-Fidelity Energy Monitoring and Feedback Architecture for Reducing Electrical Consumption in Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Xiaofan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Idle Laptop Figure 9.4: Aggregated energy usage by applianceenergy usage based on the appliance types, such CHAPTER 8. FEEDBACK as “desktops”, “laptops”, “

  12. INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR ENERGY RADIATION ANNUAL REPORT 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR ENERGY ­ RADIATION PROTECTION ANNUAL REPORT 2003 #12;2 #12;3 ANNUAL REPORT 1.1. CONCISE UP-TO-DATE ACTIVITY REPORT The activities of the Institute of Nuclear Technology. Laboratories page 11 4. Personnel page 24 5. Funding page 25 6. Expenditure of the Institute page 27 7

  13. Lifting Rationality Assumptions in Binary Aggregation Umberto Grandi and Ulle Endriss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Endriss, Ulle

    Lifting Rationality Assumptions in Binary Aggregation Umberto Grandi and Ulle Endriss Institute aggregation procedure will lift the rationality assumptions from the in- dividual to the collective level, i an axiomatic characterisation of the class of aggregation proce- dures that will lift all rationality

  14. Preferential Solvent Partitioning within Asphaltenic Aggregates Dissolved in Binary Solvent Mixtures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kilpatrick, Peter K.

    Preferential Solvent Partitioning within Asphaltenic Aggregates Dissolved in Binary SolventVised Manuscript ReceiVed December 9, 2006 The heaviest fraction of crude oils, asphaltenes, has been shown to play-assembled interfacially active asphaltenic aggregates. Thus, careful characterization of these aggregates is of great

  15. Towards a Generalized Regression Model for On-body Energy Prediction from Treadmill Walking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sukhatme, Gaurav S.

    Towards a Generalized Regression Model for On-body Energy Prediction from Treadmill Walking sensor data to energy expenditure is the ques- tion of normalizating across physiological parameters. Common approaches such as weight scaling require validation for each new population. An alternative

  16. Estimated energy expenditure during a manual material handling task: the prolonged effect of wearing the Oxylog System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mudd, Michelle Leigh

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to closely evaluate its usefulness and practical application in such circumstances. One study in particular was conducted by NIOSH at the Big Bear Grocery Warehouse in Columbus, Ohio (1993). During this study, the Oxylog system was used to collect V 0... in industry is a simple, practical, and more readily acceptable method that accurately estimates the oxygen consumption based on the heart rate. Oxygen consumption measuring devices may present several uncontrollable physical factors into the situation...

  17. Fact #638: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car Declines in

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in RepresentativeDepartment of EnergyEnergy 5:Department

  18. US military expenditures to protect the use of Persian Gulf oil for motor vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Montgomery, W.D. , 1982. Oil Prices, Energy Security, andPaik, I.K. , 2004. Oil price shocks and the macroeconomy:the United States from Oil Price Shocks? CRS 91-438E.

  19. Hastings-Levitov aggregation in the small-particle limit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James Norris; Amanda Turner

    2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We establish some scaling limits for a model of planar aggregation. The model is described by the composition of a sequence of independent and identically distributed random conformal maps, each corresponding to the addition of one particle. We study the limit of small particle size and rapid aggregation. The process of growing clusters converges, in the sense of Caratheodory, to an inflating disc. A more refined analysis reveals, within the cluster, a tree structure of branching fingers, whose radial component increases deterministically with time. The arguments of any finite sample of fingers, tracked inwards, perform coalescing Brownian motions. The arguments of any finite sample of gaps between the fingers, tracked outwards, also perform coalescing Brownian motions. These properties are closely related to the evolution of harmonic measure on the boundary of the cluster, which is shown to converge to the Brownian web.

  20. Sticky Bacteria: Adhesion-Detachment Based Microbial Aggregation Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sircar, Sarthok

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a mechanistic model for the adherence of two spherical flocs in quiescent flow conditions. Adhesion forces arise via the binding ligands as well as the attractive/repulsive surface potential in an ionic medium via the DLVO theory. The reversible binding kinetics are assumed to follow the standard model for linear springs \\cite{Dembo1988}. The collision factor and the floc aggregate number density is studied as a function of various surface/fluid parameters. It is seen that large floc aggregates are possible with more tensile ligands due to efficient inter-floc collisions (measured via the collision factor). Our results quantify how fluid drag and strong electrolytic composition of the surrounding fluid favor floc formation as well.

  1. Waste to Energy Time Activities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SEMINAR Waste to Energy Time Activities 9:30-9:40 Brief introduction of participants 9:40-10:10 Presentation of Dr. Kalogirou, "Waste to Energy: An Integral Part of Worldwide Sustainable Waste Management" 10. Sofia Bethanis, "Production of synthetic aggregates for use in structural concrete from waste to energy

  2. On the fractal morphology of combustion-generated soot aggregates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koylu, U.O. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The fractal properties of soot aggregates were investigated using ex-situ and in-situ experimental methods as well as computer simulations. Ex-situ experiments involved thermophoretic sampling and analysis by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), while in-situ measurements employed angular static light scattering and data inversion based on Rayleigh-Debye-Gans (RDG) approximation. Computer simulations used a sequential algorithm which mimics mass fractal-like structures. So from a variety of hydrocarbon-fueled laminar and turbulent nonpremixed flame environments were considered in the present study. The TEM analysis of projected soot images sampled from fuel-rich conditions of buoyant and weakly-buoyant laminar flames indicated that the fractal dimension of soot was relatively independent of position in flames, fuel type and flame condition. These measurements yielded an average fractal dimension of 1.8, although other structure parameters such as the primary particle diameters and number of primary particles in aggregates had wide range of values. Fractal prefactor (lacunarity) was also measured for soot sampled from the fuel-lean conditions of turbulent flames, considering the actual morphology by tilting the samples during TEM analysis. These measurements yielded a fractal dimension of 1.65 and a lacunarity of 8.5, with experimental uncertainties (95% confidence) of 0.08 and 0.5, respectively. Relationships between the actual and projected structure properties of soot were also developed by combining TEM observations with numerical simulations. Practical approximate formulae were suggested to find radius of gyration of an aggregate from its maximum dimension, and number of primary particles in an aggregate from projected area. Finally, the fractal dimension and lacunarity of soot were obtained using light scattering for the same conditions of the above TEM measurements.

  3. Effect of Aggregation on Thermal Conduction in Colloidal Nanofluids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R Prasher; W Evans; J Fish; P Meakin; P Phelan; Pawel Keblinski

    2006-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Using effective medium theory we demonstrate that the thermal conductivity of nanofluids can be significantly enhanced by the aggregation of nanoparticles into clusters. The enhancement is based purely on conduction and does not require a novel mechanism. Predictions of the effective medium theory are in excellent agreement with detailed numerical calculations on model nanofluids involving fractal clusters and show the importance of cluster morphology on thermal conductivity enhancements.

  4. Investigation for determining the curing characteristics of lightweight aggregate concrete

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlton, Thomas Arlis

    1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    desired gradatiani This burning produces an inert ~ highly porous material that will no longer soften in water gntil after World Mar II ~ the principal use of lightweight aggre- gates was in the manufacture of lightweight aoncrete building bloaks... or not the method of curing is of equal, lesser, or greater inportance for concrete made with lightweight aggregates ~ The prime need for curing concrete is to prevent the loss of water neoessary ta complete the hydratfen process in the os?cent The general...

  5. Dye-sensitized solar cell employing zinc oxide aggregates grown in the presence of lithium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zhang, Qifeng; Cao, Guozhong

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Provided are a novel ZnO dye-sensitized solar cell and method of fabricating the same. In one embodiment, deliberately added lithium ions are used to mediate the growth of ZnO aggregates. The use of lithium provides ZnO aggregates that have advantageous microstructure, morphology, crystallinity, and operational characteristics. Employing lithium during aggregate synthesis results in a polydisperse collection of ZnO aggregates favorable for porosity and light scattering. The resulting nanocrystallites forming the aggregates have improved crystallinity and more favorable facets for dye molecule absorption. The lithium synthesis improves the surface stability of ZnO in acidic dyes. The procedures developed and disclosed herein also help ensure the formation of an aggregate film that has a high homogeneity of thickness, a high packing density, a high specific surface area, and good electrical contact between the film and the fluorine-doped tin oxide electrode and among the aggregate particles.

  6. Laboratory-scale sodium-carbonate aggregate concrete interactions. [LMFBR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Westrich, H.R.; Stockman, H.W.; Suo-Anttila, A.

    1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A series of laboratory-scale experiments was made at 600/sup 0/C to identify the important heat-producing chemical reactions between sodium and carbonate aggregate concretes. Reactions between sodium and carbonate aggregate were found to be responsible for the bulk of heat production in sodium-concrete tests. Exothermic reactions were initiated at 580+-30/sup 0/C for limestone and dolostone aggregates as well as for hydrated limestone concrete, and at 540+-10/sup 0/C for dehydrated limestone concrete, but were ill-defined for dolostone concrete. Major reaction products included CaO, MgO, Na/sub 2/CO/sub 3/, Na/sub 2/O, NaOH, and elemental carbon. Sodium hydroxide, which forms when water is released from cement phases, causes slow erosion of the concrete with little heat production. The time-temperature profiles of these experiments have been modeled with a simplified version of the SLAM computer code, which has allowed derivation of chemical reaction rate coefficients.

  7. STATE ENERGY PROGRAM NOTICE 10-015

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the Subgrantee have an adequate system for comparing expenditures to budgeted amounts? Yes No NA Comments: 4. Are expenditures to date reasonable when compared to...

  8. Table E16. Motor Gasoline Prices and Expenditures, Ranked by State, 2012

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. CoalInputsTotal Stocks4. Electric Power6.

  9. "Table A38. Total Expenditures for Purchased Electricity, Steam, and Natural Gas"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocksa. AppliancesTotal" "(Data1.30.2"Quantity6.7.8.

  10. "Table A46. Total Expenditures for Purchased Electricity, Steam, and Natural"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocksa. AppliancesTotal"1" " (Estimates5.6. Total

  11. "Table A48. Total Expenditures for Purchased Electricity, Steam, and Natural"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocksa. AppliancesTotal"1" " (Estimates5.6.8. Total

  12. Cost-Benefit Analysis to Address Runaway Health Care Expenditures Through Lifestyle Modification Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the United States has been increasing at an annual rate of 9.8%, faster than the cost of living, since 1970 classify as being overweight or obese, representing 68% of the United States population. This creates through establishing and maintaining the proper energy balance between caloric intake and physical

  13. US military expenditures to protect the use of Persian Gulf oil for motor vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, James J.

    2008 Keywords: Oil importing cost Motor fuel social cost Energy security cost a b s t r a c t Analyses this range, by carefully answering the question: ``If the US highway transportation sector did not use oil wartime subsidies, were $55­$96 billion per year or $0.40­$0.70 per gallon. In a 2005 update

  14. Orientationally ordered aggregates of stiff polyelectrolytes in the presence of multivalent salt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarah Mohammadinejad; Hossein Fazli; Ramin Golestanian

    2009-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Aggregation of stiff polyelectrolytes in solution and angle- and distance-dependent potential of mean force between two like-charged rods are studied in the presence of 3-valent salt using molecular dynamics simulations. In the bulk solution, formation of long-lived metastable structures with similarities to the raft-like structures of actin filaments is observed within a range of salt concentration. The system finally goes to a state with lower free energy in which finite-sized bundles of parallel polyelectrolytes form. Preferred angle and interaction type between two like-charged rods at different separations and salt concentrations are also studied, which shed some light on the formation of orientationally ordered structures.

  15. Abstract --The energy saving potential of reusing / reselling personal computer (PC) devices was evaluated relative to the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutowski, Timothy

    Abstract -- The energy saving potential of reusing / reselling personal computer (PC) devices personal computer device can lead to relative energy expenditure. We found that in certain scenarios, it is essential to assess the reuse of personal computer devices more critically, incorporating the different

  16. University of Washington Awards and Expenditures FY05 Summary of Grant and Contract Awards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Volkenburgh, Elizabeth

    % of Amount % of Amount % of Source of Funds (A) Awarded Total Awarded Total Awarded Total Federal Department of Defense $ 48,742,665 40,862,971 40,208,716 Department of Energy 17,461,633 20,189,802 17,155,624 Dept of Music 49,093 Sociology 22,718 Speech and Hearing Sciences 1,590,434 Statistics 1,361,688 Statistics

  17. Beam-induced graphitic carbon cage transformation from sumanene aggregates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fujita, Jun-ichi, E-mail: fujita@bk.tsukuba.ac.jp; Tachi, Masashi; Murakami, Katsuhisa [Institute of Applied Physics, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-8573 (Japan); Tsukuba Research Center for Interdisciplinary Materials Science (TIMS), Tsukuba 305-8573 (Japan); Sakurai, Hidehiro; Morita, Yuki; Higashibayashi, Shuhei [Research Center of Integrative Molecular Systems, Institute for Molecular Science, Myodaiji, Okazaki 444-8787 (Japan); Takeguchi, Masaki [Transmission Electron Microscopy Station, National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba 305-0047 (Japan)

    2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We found that electron-beam irradiation of sumanene aggregates strongly enhanced their transformation into a graphitic carbon cage, having a diameter of about 20?nm. The threshold electron dose was about 32 mC/cm{sup 2} at 200?keV, but the transformation is still induced at 20?keV. The transformation sequence suggested that the cage was constructed accompanied by the dynamical movement of the transiently linked sumanene molecules in order to pile up inside the shell. Thus, bond excitation in the sumanene molecules rather than a knock-on of carbon atoms seems to be the main cause of the cage transformation.

  18. Extraction of pores from microtomographic reconstructions of intact soil aggregates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albee, P. B.; Stockman, G. C.; Smucker, A. J. M.

    2000-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Segmentation of features is often a necessary step in the analysis of volumetric data. The authors have developed a simple technique for extracting voids from irregular volumetric data sets. In this work they look at extracting pores from soil aggregates. First, they identify a threshold that gives good separability of the object from the background. They then segment the object, and perform connected components analysis on the pores within the object. Using their technique pores that break the surface can be segmented along with pores completely contained in the initially segmented object.

  19. Table 5.17. U.S. Number of Households by Vehicle Fuel Expenditures,

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousandCubic Feet)4. U.S. Vehicle Fuel Consumption by5.7.

  20. E-Print Network 3.0 - aggregation prone regions Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Collection: Biology and Medicine 7 Protein folding in the cell: reshaping the folding funnel Summary: , as a second aggregation'...

  1. SIZE AND SURFACE AREA OF ICY DUST AGGREGATES AFTER A HEATING EVENT AT A PROTOPLANETARY NEBULA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sirono, Sin-iti [Earth and Environmental Sciences, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601 (Japan)] [Earth and Environmental Sciences, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601 (Japan)

    2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The activity of a young star rises abruptly during an FU Orionis outburst. This event causes a temporary temperature increase in the protoplanetary nebula. H{sub 2}O icy grains are sublimated by this event, and silicate cores embedded inside the ice are ejected. During the high-temperature phase, the silicate grains coagulate to form silicate core aggregates. After the heating event, the temperature drops, and the ice recondenses onto the aggregates. I determined numerically the size distribution of the ice-covered aggregates. The size of the aggregates exceeds 10 {mu}m around the snow line. Because of the migration of the ice to large aggregates, only a small fraction of the silicate core aggregate is covered with H{sub 2}O ice. After the heating event, the surface of an ice-covered aggregate is totally covered by silicate core aggregates. This might reduce the fragmentation velocity of aggregates when they collide. It is possible that the covering silicate cores shield the UV radiation field which induces photodissociation of H{sub 2}O ice. This effect may cause the shortage of cold H{sub 2}O vapor observed by Herschel.

  2. A new mineralogical approach to predict coefficient of thermal expansion of aggregate and concrete

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neekhra, Siddharth

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    constituent mineral phase are considered as input for the aggregate CoTE model, whereas the same properties for coarse aggregate and mortar are considered for the concrete CoTE model. Methods have been formulated to calculate the mineral volume percentage... on the determined CoTE of pure minerals and their respective calculated volume percentages, shows a good resemblance with the measured aggregate CoTE by dilatometer. Similarly, predicted concrete CoTE, based on the calculated CoTE of aggregate and mortar...

  3. Fireproof impact limiter aggregate packaging inside shipping containers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Byington, Gerald A. (Knoxville, TN); Oakes, Jr., Raymon Edgar (Kingston, TN); Feldman, Matthew Rookes (Knoxville, TN)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention is a product and a process for making a fireproof, impact limiter, homogeneous aggregate material for casting inside a hazardous material shipping container, or a double-contained Type-B nuclear shipping container. The homogeneous aggregate material is prepared by mixing inorganic compounds with water, pouring the mixture into the void spaces between an inner storage containment vessel and an outer shipping container, vibrating the mixture inside the shipping container, with subsequent curing, baking, and cooling of the mixture to form a solidified material which encapsulates an inner storage containment vessel inside an outer shipping container. The solidified material forms a protective enclosure around an inner storage containment vessel which may store hazardous, toxic, or radioactive material. The solidified material forms a homogeneous fire-resistant material that does not readily transfer heat, and provides general shock and specific point-impact protection, providing protection to the interior storage containment vessel. The material is low cost, may contain neutron absorbing compounds, and is easily formed into a variety of shapes to fill the interior void spaces of shipping containers.

  4. Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContractElectron-StateEnergy /newsroom/_assets/images/energy-icon.png Energy

  5. Secure Hop-by-Hop Aggregation of End-to-End Concealed Data in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mlaih, Esam

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In-network data aggregation is an essential technique in mission critical wireless sensor networks (WSNs) for achieving effective transmission and hence better power conservation. Common security protocols for aggregated WSNs are either hop-by-hop or end-to-end, each of which has its own encryption schemes considering different security primitives. End-to-end encrypted data aggregation protocols introduce maximum data secrecy with in-efficient data aggregation and more vulnerability to active attacks, while hop-by-hop data aggregation protocols introduce maximum data integrity with efficient data aggregation and more vulnerability to passive attacks. In this paper, we propose a secure aggregation protocol for aggregated WSNs deployed in hostile environments in which dual attack modes are present. Our proposed protocol is a blend of flexible data aggregation as in hop-by-hop protocols and optimal data confidentiality as in end-to-end protocols. Our protocol introduces an efficient $O(1)$ heuristic for checking...

  6. Earth Energy Resources Inc. 2010 ICSE CONFERENCE, April 28, 2010 FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utah, University of

    oil reserves were 21 billion barrels in 2006 according to the Energy Information Administration · Reserves to Production ratio (R/P) equaled 11.26 years in 2007 · Daily 2010 US oil consumptio of the "Ophus Process" technology, business strategy and strengths, capital expenditures, reserves, estimated

  7. Power-law of Aggregate-size Spectra in Natural Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matteo Convertino; Filippo Simini; Filippo Catani; Igor Linkov; Gregory A. Kiker

    2013-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Patterns of animate and inanimate systems show remarkable similarities in their aggregation. One similarity is the double-Pareto distribution of the aggregate-size of system components. Different models have been developed to predict aggregates of system components. However, not many models have been developed to describe probabilistically the aggregate-size distribution of any system regardless of the intrinsic and extrinsic drivers of the aggregation process. Here we consider natural animate systems, from one of the greatest mammals - the African elephant (\\textit{Loxodonta africana}) - to the \\textit{Escherichia coli} bacteria, and natural inanimate systems in river basins. Considering aggregates as islands and their perimeter as a curve mirroring the sculpting network of the system, the probability of exceedence of the drainage area, and the Hack's law are shown to be the the Kor\\v{c}ak's law and the perimeter-area relationship for river basins. The perimeter-area relationship, and the probability of exceedence of the aggregate-size provide a meaningful estimate of the same fractal dimension. Systems aggregate because of the influence exerted by a physical or processes network within the system domain. The aggregate-size distribution is accurately derived using the null-method of box-counting on the occurrences of system components. The importance of the aggregate-size spectrum relies on its ability to reveal system form, function, and dynamics also as a function of other coupled systems. Variations of the fractal dimension and of the aggregate-size distribution are related to changes of systems that are meaningful to monitor because potentially critical for these systems.

  8. Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMFormsGasRelease Date:researchEmerging ThreatsEmployment Openings

  9. Two-Dimensional Infrared Correlation Spectroscopy Study of the Aggregation of Cytochrome c in the Presence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pezolet, Michel

    Two-Dimensional Infrared Correlation Spectroscopy Study of the Aggregation of Cytochrome c´ cules, Universite´ Laval, Que´ bec, Que´ bec, Canada G1K 7P4 ABSTRACT Two-dimensional infrared-step aggregation process. Finally, the results obtained during the heating period clearly indicate that before

  10. 9,10-Anthraquinone hinders b-aggregation: How does a small

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caflisch, Amedeo

    9,10-Anthraquinone hinders b-aggregation: How does a small molecule interfere with Ab of two relatively similar tricyclic, planar compounds, that is, 9, 10-anthraquinone (AQ) and anthracene; implicit solvent; Alzheimer's disease; 9,10-anthraquinone; amyloid; aggregation inhibition Introduction

  11. Synthetic aggregates prepared from flue gas desulfurization by-products using various binder materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bellucci, J.; Graham, U.M.; Hower, J.C.; Robl, T.L. [Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Center for Applied Energy Research

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD) by-products can be converted into environmentally safe and structurally stable aggregates. One type of synthetic aggregate was prepared using an optimum mixture of (FGD) by-products, fly ash, and water. Mineral reactions have been examined using X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscope.

  12. Effect of Water on Deposition, Aggregate Size, and Viscosity of Asphaltenes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firoozabadi, Abbas

    Effect of Water on Deposition, Aggregate Size, and Viscosity of Asphaltenes Seyma Aslan and Abbas. In this study, we investigate the aggregation and deposition of water and asphaltenes, the most polar fraction and provide the evidence for clear changes in asphaltene deposition. Differential interference contrast (DIC

  13. National Aggregates of Geospatial Data Collection: Population, Landscape And Climate Estimates, Version 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    1 National Aggregates of Geospatial Data Collection: Population, Landscape And Climate Estimates of Geospatial Data: Population, Landscape and Climate Estimates Version 3 (PLACE III), Palisades, NY: CIESIN.............................................................................................................. 16 #12;2 I. Introduction The National Aggregates of Geospatial Data collection converts geospatial

  14. Forecast of the electricity consumption by aggregation of specialized experts; application to Slovakian and French

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forecast of the electricity consumption by aggregation of specialized experts; application-term forecast of electricity consumption based on ensemble methods. That is, we use several possibly independent´erieure and CNRS. hal-00484940,version1-19May2010 #12;Forecast of the electricity consumption by aggregation

  15. Influence of recycled fine aggregates on the resistance of mortars to magnesium sulfate attack

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Seung-Tae [Department of Civil Engineering, Kunsan National University, 68 Miryong-dong, Kunsan, Jeonbuk 573-701 (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: stlee@kunsan.ac.kr

    2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The influence of recycled fine aggregates, which had been reclaimed from field-demolished concretes, on the resistance of mortar specimens to magnesium sulfate attack was investigated. Mortar specimens were prepared with recycled fine aggregates at different replacement levels (0%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% of natural fine aggregate by mass). The mortar specimens were exposed to 4.24% magnesium sulfate solution for about 1 year at ambient temperature, and regularly monitored for visual appearance, compressive strength loss and expansion. Additionally, in order to identify products of magnesium sulfate attack, mortar samples incorporating 0%, 25% and 100% replacement levels of the recycled fine aggregates were examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique. Experimental results confirmed that the use of recycled fine aggregates up to a maximum 50% replacement level is effective under severe magnesium sulfate environment, irrespective of type of recycled fine aggregates. However, the worse performance was observed in mortar specimens incorporating 100% replacement level. It was found that the water absorption of recycled fine aggregates affected deterioration of mortar specimens, especially at a higher replacement level. XRD results indicated that the main cause of deterioration of the mortar specimens was primarily due to the formation of gypsum and thaumasite by magnesium sulfate attack. In addition, it appeared that the conversion of C-S-H into M-S-H by the attack probably influenced mechanical deterioration of mortar specimens with recycled fine aggregates.

  16. Soil Aggregate Size Affects Phosphorus Desorption from Highly Weathered Soils and Plant Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Kessel, Chris

    Soil Aggregate Size Affects Phosphorus Desorption from Highly Weathered Soils and Plant Growth X of P around soil aggregates (Gunary et al., 1964; Linquist etfrom soil, understanding P desorption from soils may improve the precision of P diagnosis and fertilization recommendations. Many al., 1997

  17. Lithium Inhibits a Late Step in Agrin-Induced AChR Aggregation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharma, Shiv K.

    Lithium Inhibits a Late Step in Agrin-Induced AChR Aggregation S. K. Sharma,* B. G. Wallace 1. Here we report that treating chick myotubes with lithium prevented any detectable agrin-induced change phosphorylation and detergent extractabil- ity. Lithium treatment also increased the rate at which AChR aggregates

  18. Polymer Thermodynamics and Chain Structure Polymers display some similarities and some differences with nano-aggregates.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beaucage, Gregory

    Polymer Thermodynamics and Chain Structure Polymers display some similarities and some differences with nano-aggregates. Both materials are composed of basic units, Kuhn units for polymers which are rod an aggregate in nanomaterials and a polymer coil in Polymer Science. The mass-fractal or minimum dimension

  19. Continental Shelf Research 22 (2002) 967986 Physical and chemical effects of grain aggregates on the Palos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the grain aggregates through fecal pellet production. Particle settling rates and densities microscope images of the aggregates show that they are predominantly oval fecal pellets or irregularly shaped fragments of pellets. Deposit-feeding polychaete worms such as Capitella sp. and Mediomastus sp., abundant

  20. Molecular Dynamics Simulation of the SH3 Domain Aggregation Suggests a Generic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanley, H. Eugene

    the elongation of amyloid fibrils.12 ­ 15 However, the domain swapping hypothesis is based on the aggregation and the open aggregation state. The closed dimer is formed by "domain swapping"-- the two proteins exchange human disease were found to be able to form amyloid fibril struc- tures in vitro under denaturing

  1. THE HIGH-END VIRTUALIZATION COMPANY SERVER AGGREGATION CREATING THE POWER OF ONE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    . Simplify. Save. Nir Paikowsky Director of Application Engineering 10/14/20091 Virtual SMP with vSMP Foundation for Cloud #12;Aggregate. Scale. Simplify. Save. Confidential and Proprietary Agenda 1. PERFORMANCE 4/14/2010 2 #12;Aggregate. Scale. Simplify. Save. Confidential and Proprietary INTRODUCTION 4

  2. JournalofCellScience Transfer of polyglutamine aggregates in neuronal cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    JournalofCellScience Transfer of polyglutamine aggregates in neuronal cells occurs in tunneling neurodegenerative disease caused by CAG expansion in the huntingtin gene, which adds a homopolymeric tract recombinant fragments of mutant Htt in neuronal cells and in primary neurons, we found that aggregated

  3. Mutations that Reduce Aggregation of the Alzheimer's Ab42 Peptide: an Unbiased Search for the Sequence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hecht, Michael H.

    to green fluorescent protein (GFP) form insoluble aggregates in which GFP is inactive. Cells expressing constructed and screened libraries of Ab42­GFP fusions in which the sequence of Ab42 was mutated randomly. Cells expressing GFP fusions to soluble (non- aggregating) variants of Ab42 exhibit green fluorescence

  4. Effect of aggregation on thermal conduction in colloidal nanofluids Ravi Prashera ,b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fish, Jacob

    Effect of aggregation on thermal conduction in colloidal nanofluids Ravi Prashera ,b Intel of nanofluids can be significantly enhanced by the aggregation of nanoparticles into clusters. Predictions of the effective medium theory are in excellent agreement with detailed numerical calculation on model nanofluids

  5. TECHNICAL REPORT UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA 1 Individual QoS versus Aggregate QoS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guerin, Roch

    TECHNICAL REPORT UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA 1 Individual QoS versus Aggregate QoS: A Loss, the differences that can exist between individual and aggregate loss guarantees in an environment where guarantees of additional resources, e.g., bandwidth or buffer, required to ensure that all individual loss measures remain

  6. Energy Information Administration - Energy Efficiency-table 8b.

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469DecadeOriginand2003Offsite-ProducedExpenditures for

  7. Energy Information Administration - Energy Efficiency-table 8b.

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469DecadeOriginand2003Offsite-ProducedExpenditures

  8. Role of aggregation conditions and presence of small heat shock proteins on abeta structure, stability and toxicity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Sung Mun

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    to the most toxic ?? species change their structure the most rapidly in denaturant, and that in general, increased toxicity correlated with decreased aggregate stability. In AlzheimerÂ?s disease, even delaying A? aggregation onset or slowing its...

  9. Energy

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling CorpNew 1325.8.Enaineer;/:4,4 (; ...) "..

  10. Proceedings of the 1991 Socioeconomic Energy Research and Analysis Conference

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    These proceedings analyze US energy policy as it pertains to minority groups. Example topics include: Economic impacts of the National Energy Strategy on minority and majority households, Utility measures to assist payment-troubled customers, Equity impacts of controlling energy usage through market-based versus regulatory approaches, Technical and planning support for the DOE-HUD initiative for energy efficiency in housing, an analysis of residential energy consumption and expenditures by minority households by home type and housing vintage, and methodical issues in evaluating integrated least cost planning programs.

  11. Hypothesis of Dye Aggregation in a Nematic Liquid Crystal: From Experiment to a Model of the Enhanced

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lavrentovich, Oleg D.

    with anthraquinone dye molecules (Jaanossy effect) can be related to their aggregation. The torque on the director

  12. Quantify shape, angularity and surface texture of aggregates using image analysis and study their effect on performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sukhwani, Rajni

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Material Selection. . Gradation. . Mixture Design. Laboratory Tests. . . . . . . . . APA Test. . Hamburg Test. Results. Results and Analysis. . 45 45 47 48 48 49 50 5 VI STATISTICAL ANALYSIS. T-Test Results... . . Hamburg Test Results of all the Three Aggregates. . . . . 47 51 17 APA Test Results of all the Three Aggregates. . . 52 18 Gradient Angularity Results of Fine Aggregates. . . 54 Radius Angularity Results of Fine Aggregates . . 54 FIGURE Page 20 Form...

  13. Energy R and D in Germany

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Runci, PJ

    1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Germany's total national (i.e., combined public and private sector) funding for R&D stood at $42 billion in 1997. The private sector accounted for nearly 62% ($24 billion) of the total, while the public sector accounted for approximately 38%. Since the late 1970s, when the public and private sectors each funded roughly half of Germany's R&D, the private sector has steadily assumed a larger and larger role as the dominant supporter of R&D activity, while overall government funding has remained essentially flat for much of the past two decades. In addition to declining relative to private R&D expenditures, public R&D expenditures in Germany declined by 4% in real terms between 1991 and 1997, to approximately $15 billion. The reduction in R&D investments in the public sector can be attributed in large part to the financial challenges associated with German reunification and related shifts in social priorities including efforts to address high unemployment and to rebuild basic infrastructure in the eastern states. R&D expenditures have also declined as a percentage of the total public budget, from a peak of 3.4% in 1985 to 2.7% in 1996. Energy R&D has been the hardest hit of all major socioeconomic areas of R&D expenditure funded by the German government. Between 1981 and 1997, public energy R&D fell from approximately $1.6 billion to $400 million--a 75% real decline. The $850 million reduction in Germany's fission R&D budget (which constituted two-thirds of government R&D investment in 1985) explains some 90% of the funding decline. Negative public perceptions regarding the safety and environmental impacts of nuclear energy have reduced nuclear power's viability as a long-term energy option for Germany. Discussions of a complete nuclear phaseout are now under way. At the same time, the German government has slashed its investments in fossil energy R&D by more than 90%. While energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies have fared relatively well in comparison with other energy technology areas, government support for all areas of energy R&D has declined in absolute terms since 1990. Remaining public and private sector energy R&D investments focus increasingly technology demonstration and commercialization efforts with relatively short time horizons.

  14. Providing solutions to energy and environmental problems. Quarterly technical progress report, July 1, 1997--September 30, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Jointly Sponsored Research Program emphasizes technology commercialization and continues to be highly successful and supported strongly and enthusiastically by WRI`s industrial clientele. All of the available Department of Energy (USDOE) funding for each of the first seven years has been committed to projects. This report provides a description of projects and expenditures on fossil projects and environmental monitoring.

  15. Beads on a string: Structure of bound aggregates of globular particles and long polymer chains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anton Souslov; Jennifer E. Curtis; Paul M. Goldbart

    2015-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Macroscopic properties of suspensions, such as those composed of globular particles (e.g., colloidal or macromolecular), can be tuned by controlling the equilibrium aggregation of the particles. We examine how aggregation -- and, hence, macroscopic properties -- can be controlled in a system composed of both globular particles and long, flexible polymer chains that reversibly bind to one another. We base this on a minimal statistical mechanical model of a single aggregate in which the polymer chain is treated either as ideal or self-avoiding, and, in addition, the globular particles are taken to interact with one another via excluded volume repulsion. Furthermore, each of the globular particles is taken to have one single site to which at most one polymer segment may bind. Within the context of this model, we examine the statistics of the equilibrium size of an aggregate and, thence, the structure of dilute and semidilute suspensions of these aggregates. We apply the model to biologically relevant aggregates, specifically those composed of macromolecular proteoglycan globules and long hyaluronan polymer chains. These aggregates are especially relevant to the materials properties of cartilage and the structure-function properties of perineuronal nets in brain tissue, as well as the pericellular coats of mammalian cells.

  16. Energy analysis program. 1995 Annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, M.D.

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This year the role of energy technology research and analysis supporting governmental and public interests is again being challenged at high levels of government. This situation is not unlike that of the early 1980s, when the Administration questioned the relevance of a federal commitment to applied energy research, especially for energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies. Then Congress continued to support such activities, deeming them important to the nation`s interest. Today, Congress itself is challenging many facets of the federal role in energy. The Administration is also selectively reducing its support, primarily for the pragmatic objective of reducing federal expenditures, rather than because of principles opposing a public role in energy. this report is divided into three sections: International Energy and the global environment; Energy, economics, markets, and policy; and Buildings and their environment.

  17. Characterization of aggregate resistance to degradation in stone matrix asphalt mixtures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gatchalian, Dennis

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    breakdown, as can be seen on Figure 2.1 through comparing the gradation after compaction with that before compaction. Figure 2.1: Influence of Compaction on Change in Gradation (after Xie and Watson 2004). 14 The L.A. abrasion value and F... on Aggregate Breakdown (after Xie and Watson 2004). LA Abrasion value, % 15 Figure 2.3: Influence of F&E Content on Aggregate Breakdown (after Xie and Watson 2004). Methods for Characterization of Aggregates for SMA Mixtures An important...

  18. Thermodynamics of Peptide Aggregation Processes. An Analysis from Perspectives of Three Statistical Ensembles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christoph Junghans; Michael Bachmann; Wolfhard Janke

    2007-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We employ a mesoscopic model for studying aggregation processes of protein-like hydrophobic-polar heteropolymers. By means of multicanonical Monte Carlo computer simulations, we find strong indications that peptide aggregation is a phase separation process, in which the microcanonical entropy exhibits a convex intruder due to nonnegligible surface effects of the small systems. We analyze thermodynamic properties of the conformational transitions accompanying the aggregation process from the multicanonical, canonical, and microcanonical perspective. It turns out that the microcanonical description is particularly advantageous as it allows for unraveling details of the phase-separation transition in the thermodynamic region, where the temperature is not a suitable external control parameter anymore.

  19. Planning and Control of Electric Vehicles Using Dynamic Energy Capacity Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Wei

    for a large population of Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEVs) for demand response applications. We consider both. Therefore, the accuracy of the aggregate model is integral to our efficient use of charging demand of the aggregated loads available at each time step is a function of the past energy management decisions

  20. Numerical determination of the tensile response and the dissipated fracture energy of concrete: role of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Numerical determination of the tensile response and the dissipated fracture energy of concrete concrete can be considered as a mix of coarse aggregates with a mortar paste matrix. In this paper we of concrete. Each coarse aggregate is assumed to be circular with six different radiuses following

  1. Diffusion limited cluster aggregation with irreversible flexible bonds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sujin Babu; Jean-Christophe Gimel; Taco Nicolai

    2008-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Irreversible diffusion limited cluster aggregation (DLCA) of hard spheres was simulated using Brownian cluster dynamics. Bound spheres were allowed to move freely within a specified range, but no bond breaking was allowed. The structure and size distribution of the clusters was investigated before gelation. The pair correlation function and the static structure factor of the gels were determined as a function of the volume fraction and time. Bond flexibility led to local densification of the clusters and the gels, with a certain degree of order. At low volume fractions densification of the clusters occurred during their growth, but at higher volume fractions it occurred mainly after gelation. At very low volume fractions, the large scale structure (fractal dimension), size distribution and growth kinetics of the clusters was found to be close to that known for DLCA with rigid bonds. Restructuring of the gels continued for long times, indicating that aging processes in systems with strong attraction do not necessarily involve bond breaking. The mean square displacement of particles in the gels was determined. It is shown to be highly heterogeneous and to increase with decreasing volume fraction.

  2. ENERGY

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisory Board Contributions EMEM RecoveryManagement'sJuneAprilEMS U.S.

  3. Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign:INEAWater UseCElizabethTwoJaniceEnerG2Energetics of Hydrogen .M

  4. Influence of steel fibers on the development of alkali-aggregate reaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pires de Carvalho, Maria Rita [COPPE/Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Civil Engineering Department, P.B. 68506, CEP 21941-972, Rio de Janeiro-RJ (Brazil); Moraes Rego Fairbairn, Eduardo de, E-mail: eduardo@coc.ufrj.b [COPPE/Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Civil Engineering Department, P.B. 68506, CEP 21941-972, Rio de Janeiro-RJ (Brazil); Dias Toledo Filho, Romildo [COPPE/Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Civil Engineering Department, P.B. 68506, CEP 21941-972, Rio de Janeiro-RJ (Brazil); Chagas Cordeiro, Guilherme [Universidade Estadual Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro, Laboratory of Civil Engineering, Campos dos Goytacazes-RJ (Brazil); Pagan Hasparyk, Nicole [FURNAS Centrais Eletricas S.A., DCT.C., Aparecida de Goiania-GO (Brazil)

    2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This work presents the results of an experimental research concerning the use of fibers in mortar specimens subjected to alkali-aggregate reaction (AAR). Two types of steel fibers (0.16 mm diameter and 6.0 mm length, and 0.20 mm diameter and 13.0 mm length) were used with fiber volume contents of 1% and 2%. Besides the expansion accelerated tests, compressive tests and flexural tests have also been carried out to display the main mechanical characteristics of the fiber-reinforced mortars after being subjected to AAR. Moreover, the microstructure of the specimens was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray. The results shown that the addition of steel fibers reduced the expansion due to AAR for the experimental conditions studied in this paper. The most expressive benefit corresponded to the addition of 13.0 mm fibers in the mixture containing 2% fiber content. This fiber volume content also corresponded to the maximum increment in the mechanical properties compared to the reference mortar, mainly for the post-cracking strength and for the toughness in bending. It was observed that the fibers have a beneficial effect on the material, without compromising its main mechanical properties.

  5. ash-based synthetic aggregates: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    state particle size distributions in a 3-d synthetic turbulent flow. We show how a fractal-like structure, typical of aggregates in natural systems, can be incorporated in an...

  6. aggregated immunoglobulin e-receptor: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of these quantum diffusion-limited aggregates vary between 1.43 and 2, depending on the size of the initial wave packet. David B. Johnson; Gonzalo Ordez 2011-11-02 62...

  7. Detection and Quantification of Expansive Clay Minerals in Geologically-Diverse Texas Aggregate Fines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, George 1983-

    2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Expansive clay mineral contamination of road aggregate materials in Texas is a persistent problem. Hydrous layer silicate minerals - particularly smectites - in concretes are associated with decreased strength and durability in Portland cement...

  8. An Iterative Aggregation/Disaggregation Approach for the Solution of a Mixed Integer Nonlinear Oilfield

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    Oilfield Infrastructure Planning Model Susara A. van den Heever* and Ignacio E. Grossmann** Department of Chemical Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA, 15213 August 1999 Keywords Oilfield planning, MINLP, aggregation, decomposition Abstract A multiperiod MINLP model for offshore oilfield

  9. Hydrodynamics in bridging and aggregation of two colloidal particles in a near-critical binary mixture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shunsuke Yabunaka; Ryuichi Okamoto; Akira Onuki

    2015-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate bridging and aggregation of two colloidal particles in a near-critical binary mixture when the fluid far from the particles is outside the coexistence (CX) curve and is rich in the component disfavored by the colloid surfaces. In such situations, the adsorption-induced interaction is enhanced, leading to bridging and aggregation of the particles. We realize bridging firstly by changing the temperature with a fixed interparticle separation and secondly by letting the two particles aggregate. The interparticle attractive force dramatically increases upon bridging. The dynamics is governed by hydrodynamic flow around the colloid surfaces. In aggregation, the adsorption layers move with the particles and squeezing occurs at narrow separation. We take into account the renormalization effect due to the critical fluctuations using the recent local functional theory [J. Chem. Phys. 136, 114704 (2012)].

  10. Efficient Dynamic Aggregation Yitzhak Birk, Idit Keidar, Liran Liss, and Assaf Schuster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    graph. (The formal definition of VR allows some slack in the environments over which the aggregate- cally send messages to their neighbors, which can lead to considerable waste of resources, especially

  11. Asphaltene Aggregation: Techniques for Analysis Keith L. Gawrys and Peter K. Kilpatrick*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kilpatrick, Peter K.

    Asphaltene Aggregation: Techniques for Analysis Keith L. Gawrys and Peter K. Kilpatrick* North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA ABSTRACT The study of asphaltene colloidal, hence, pose considerable challenges for the petroleum industry. Asphaltenes are defined as the toluene

  12. Aggregation phenomena in telechelic star polymer solutions Federica Lo Verso,1,* Athanassios Z. Panagiotopoulos,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Likos, Christos N.

    recently shown to assemble into interpenetrating networks, featuring mul- tiple critical points 5Aggregation phenomena in telechelic star polymer solutions Federica Lo Verso,1,* Athanassios Z Received 16 October 2008; published 16 January 2009 Telechelic star polymers are macromolecules

  13. Hydrodynamic Shear Rate Regulates Melanoma-Leukocyte Aggregation, Melanoma Adhesion to the Endothelium, and Subsequent Extravasation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong, Cheng

    Hydrodynamic Shear Rate Regulates Melanoma-Leukocyte Aggregation, Melanoma Adhesion that polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) may enhance melanoma adhesion to the endothelium (EC) and subsequent microenvironment within the microcirculation. In this study, effects of hydrodynamic flow on regulating melanoma

  14. Hydrodynamic Shear Rate Regulates Melanoma-Leukocyte Aggregation, Melanoma Adhesion to the Endothelium, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon, Scott I.

    Hydrodynamic Shear Rate Regulates Melanoma-Leukocyte Aggregation, Melanoma Adhesion that polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) may enhance melanoma adhesion to the endothelium (EC) and subsequent microenvironment within the microcirculation. In this study, effects of hydrodynamic flow on regulating melanoma

  15. A case study of social vulnerability mapping: issues of scale and aggregation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, Gabriel Ryan

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study uses geographic information systems to determine if the aggregation of census block data are better than census block group data for analyzing social vulnerability. This was done by applying a social vulnerability method that used census...

  16. Mechanisms of m-cresol-induced Protein Aggregation Studied Using a Model Protein Cytochrome c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallela, Krishna M. G.

    and Center for Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Pharmacy, University of Colorado Denver, 12700 E 19th of the decrease of G with denaturant concentration; NMR, nuclear magnetic resonance; Tm Agg, midpoint aggregation

  17. Near-infrared photodetector consisting of J-aggregating cyanine dye and metal oxide thin films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osedach, Timothy P.

    We demonstrate a near-infrared photodetector that consists of a thin film of the J-aggregating cyanine dye, U3, and transparent metal-oxide charge transport layers. The high absorption coefficient of the U3 film, combined ...

  18. Controlling the architectures and optical properties of conjugated polymer aggregates and films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Satrijo, Andrew

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The semiconducting properties of conjugated polymers are finding use in various optoelectronic applications, including chemical sensors and light-emitting diodes. In this thesis, we investigate aggregation in conjugated ...

  19. The Effects of Using Alkali-Silica Reaction Affected Recycled Concrete Aggregate in Hot Mix Asphalt 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geiger, Brian James

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    occurring in reactive aggregates within the HMA or re-expansion of existing gel. The Lottman test and micro-calorimeter were used to determine the moisture susceptibility of HMA made with ASR-RCA. A differential scanning calorimeter (DSC...

  20. Effects of long jumps, reversible aggregation, and Meyer-Neldel rule on submonolayer epitaxial growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rochefort, Alain

    Effects of long jumps, reversible aggregation, and Meyer-Neldel rule on submonolayer epitaxial with an embedded-atom-method molecular-dynamics study that the compensation law or the Meyer-Neldel rule MNR could

  1. Effects of aggregate gradation and angularity on VMA and rutting resistance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Dae-Wook

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    angularity (FAA) as a function of traffic level and position of the layer within the pavement structure. This parameter is reported as the percentage of uncompacted air voids, with larger values generally indicating increased aggregate angularity and, thus...

  2. The use of sulfer modified bottom ash (SMBA) as an aggregate in asphaltic mixtures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chimakurthy, Harshavardhan

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , bottom ash is lighter in weight and generally much cheaper than conventional quality aggregates such as limestone, sand and gravel. This research was designed to up-grade the load-bearing charactcnstics of bottom ash and maximize its usc m asphaltic... and gravel. According to a study done by Hafizuddin Ahmad in 1974, sulfur was used extensively in sand-asphalt sulfur to upgrade marginal aggregates for use in asphaltic mixtures, was developed at Texas Transportation Institute (TT1) (JO). TTI's work...

  3. EA-1852: Cloud County Community College Wind Energy Project, Cloud County, Kansas

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA was to evaluate the environmental impacts of a proposal to authorize the expenditure of federal funds by Cloud County Community College (CCCC) for a wind energy project. CCCC has installed three wind turbines and proposed to install a fourth turbine on their campus in Concordia, Kansas, for use in their wind energy training curriculum and to provide electricity for their campus. This EA has been canceled.

  4. Ion aggregation in high salt solutions: Ion network versus ion cluster

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Seongheun; Kim, Heejae; Choi, Jun-Ho; Cho, Minhaeng, E-mail: mcho@korea.ac.kr [Department of Chemistry, Korea University, Seoul 136-713 (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The critical aggregation phenomena are ubiquitous in many self-assembling systems. Ions in high salt solutions could also spontaneously form larger ion aggregates, but their effects on hydrogen-bond structures in water have long been controversial. Here, carrying out molecular dynamics (MD) simulation studies of high salt solutions and comparing the MD simulation results with infrared absorption and pump-probe spectroscopy of O–D stretch mode of HDO in highly concentrated salt solutions and {sup 13}C-NMR chemical shift of S{sup 13}CN{sup ?} in KSCN solutions, we find evidence on the onset of ion aggregate and large-scale ion-ion network formation that concomitantly breaks water hydrogen-bond structure in certain salt solutions. Despite that these experimental results cannot provide direct evidence on the three-dimensional morphological structures of ion aggregates, they serve as reference data for verifying MD simulation methods. The MD results suggest that disrupted water hydrogen-bond network is intricately intertwined with ion-ion network. This further shows morphological variation of ion aggregate structures from ion cluster to ion network in high salt solutions that are interrelated to the onset of macroscopic aggregate formation and the water hydrogen-bond structure making and breaking processes induced by Hofmeister ions.

  5. Reduced-Order Modeling of Aggregated Thermostatic Loads With Demand Response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Wei; Lian, Jianming; Chang, Chin-Yao; Kalsi, Karanjit; Sun, Yannan

    2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Demand Response is playing an increasingly important role in smart grid control strategies. Modeling the behavior of populations of appliances under demand response is especially important to evaluate the effectiveness of these demand response programs. In this paper, an aggregated model is proposed for a class of Thermostatically Controlled Loads (TCLs). The model efficiently includes statistical information of the population, systematically deals with heterogeneity, and accounts for a second-order effect necessary to accurately capture the transient dynamics in the collective response. However, an accurate characterization of the collective dynamics however requires the aggregate model to have a high state space dimension. Most of the existing model reduction techniques require the stability of the underlying system which does not hold for the proposed aggregated model. In this work, a novel model reduction approach is developed for the proposed aggregated model, which can significantly reduce its complexity with small performance loss. The original and the reducedorder aggregated models are validated against simulations of thousands of detailed building models using GridLAB-D, which is a realistic open source distribution simulation software. Index Terms – demand response, aggregated model, ancillary

  6. Development of DU-AGG (Depleted Uranium Aggregate)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lessing, P.A.

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Depleted uranium oxide (UO{sub 2} or U0{sub 3}) powder was mixed with fine mineral additives, pressed, and heated to about 1,250{degree}C. The additives were chemically constituted to result in an iron-enriched basalt (IEB). Melting and wetting of the IEB phase caused the urania powder compact to densify (sinter) via a liquid phase sintering mechanism. An inorganic lubricant was found to aid in green-forming of the body. Sintering was successful in oxidizing (air), inert (argon), or reducing (dry hydrogen containing) atmospheres. The use of ground U0{sub 3} powders (93 vol %) followed by sintering in a dry hydrogen-containing atmosphere significantly increased the density of samples (bulk density of 8.40 g/cm{sup 3} and apparent density of 9.48 g/cm{sup 3}, open porosity of 11.43%). An improvement in the microstructure (reduction in open porosity) was achieved when the vol % of U0{sub 3} was decreased to 80%. The bulk density increased to 8.59 g/cm{sup 3}, the apparent density decreased slightly to 8.82 g/cm{sup 3} (due to increase of low density IEB content), while the open porosity decreased to an excellent number of 2.78%. A representative sample derived from 80 vol % U0{sub 3} showed that most pores were closed pores and that, overall, the sample achieved the excellent relative density value of 94.1% of the estimated theoretical density (composite of U0{sub 2} and IEB). It is expected that ground powders of U0{sub 3} could be successfully used to mass produce lowcost aggregate using the green-forming technique of briquetting.

  7. Scaling Irregular Applications through Data Aggregation and Software Multithreading

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morari, Alessandro; Tumeo, Antonino; Chavarría-Miranda, Daniel; Villa, Oreste; Valero, Mateo

    2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Bioinformatics, data analytics, semantic databases, knowledge discovery are emerging high performance application areas that exploit dynamic, linked data structures such as graphs, unbalanced trees or unstructured grids. These data structures usually are very large, requiring significantly more memory than available on single shared memory systems. Additionally, these data structures are difficult to partition on distributed memory systems. They also present poor spatial and temporal locality, thus generating unpredictable memory and network accesses. The Partitioned Global Address Space (PGAS) programming model seems suitable for these applications, because it allows using a shared memory abstraction across distributed-memory clusters. However, current PGAS languages and libraries are built to target regular remote data accesses and block transfers. Furthermore, they usually rely on the Single Program Multiple Data (SPMD) parallel control model, which is not well suited to the fine grained, dynamic and unbalanced parallelism of irregular applications. In this paper we present {\\bf GMT} (Global Memory and Threading library), a custom runtime library that enables efficient execution of irregular applications on commodity clusters. GMT integrates a PGAS data substrate with simple fork/join parallelism and provides automatic load balancing on a per node basis. It implements multi-level aggregation and lightweight multithreading to maximize memory and network bandwidth with fine-grained data accesses and tolerate long data access latencies. A key innovation in the GMT runtime is its thread specialization (workers, helpers and communication threads) that realize the overall functionality. We compare our approach with other PGAS models, such as UPC running using GASNet, and hand-optimized MPI code on a set of typical large-scale irregular applications, demonstrating speedups of an order of magnitude.

  8. Protocol for the modeling the epidemiologic transition study: a longitudinal observational study of energy balance and change in body weight, diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luke, Amy; Bovet, Pascal; Forrester, Terrence E; Lambert, Estelle V; Plange-Rhule, Jacob; Schoeller, Dale A; Dugas, Lara R; Durazo-Arvizu, Ramon A; Shoham, David; Cooper, Richard S; Brage, Soren; Ekelund, Ulf; Steyn, Nelia

    2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    empirical data to support the assertion that low levels of energy expenditure in activity is a causal factor in the current obesity epidemic are very limited. Methods/Design The Modeling the Epidemiologic Transition Study (METS) is a cohort study designed...

  9. Aggregating QECB Allocations and Using QECBs to Support the Private...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Private Sector: A Case Study on Massachusetts Provides a overview of qualified energy conservation bond allocations and how they can be used in the private sector. Author:...

  10. Potential Federal On-Site Solar Aggregation in Washington, D...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Shah 2 Presentation Overview * Federal Renewable Requirements * On-site Renewable Energy Purchase Overview * Washington DCMaryland Solar Options * Case Studies * Federal...

  11. Radiative transfer based scaling of LAI retrievals from reflectance data of different resolutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myneni, Ranga B.

    is investigated with 1-km Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) data aggregated to different coarse into biogeophysical (energy and water exchanges) and biogeochemical (carbon and volatile organic compound exchanges. Vegetation leaf area index governs net radiation and its expenditure (energy balance), net primary production

  12. Differentially Private Data Aggregation with Optimal Fabienne Eigner1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    's electricity consumption, which allows them to compute prices based on energy usage trends, to optimize energy a significant role in the digital society: they are used daily for improving services, analyzing trends how precise information about con- sumer habits can be reconstructed from the electricity consumption

  13. Laminopathy-inducing lamin A mutants can induce redistribution of lamin binding proteins into nuclear aggregates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huebner, S. [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Nuclear Signalling Laboratory, PO Box 13D, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia)]. E-mail: stefan.huebner@med.monash.edu.au; Eam, J.E. [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Nuclear Signalling Laboratory, PO Box 13D, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia); Huebner, A. [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Nuclear Signalling Laboratory, PO Box 13D, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia); Jans, D.A. [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Nuclear Signalling Laboratory, PO Box 13D, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia)

    2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Lamins, members of the family of intermediate filaments, form a supportive nucleoskeletal structure underlying the nuclear envelope and can also form intranuclear structures. Mutations within the A-type lamin gene cause a variety of degenerative diseases which are collectively referred to as laminopathies. At the molecular level, laminopathies have been shown to be linked to a discontinuous localization pattern of A-type lamins, with some laminopathies containing nuclear lamin A aggregates. Since nuclear aggregate formation could lead to the mislocalization of proteins interacting with A-type lamins, we set out to examine the effects of FLAG-lamin A N195K and R386K protein aggregate formation on the subnuclear distribution of the retinoblastoma protein (pRb) and the sterol responsive element binding protein 1a (SREBP1a) after coexpression as GFP-fusion proteins in HeLa cells. We observed strong recruitment of both proteins into nuclear aggregates. Nuclear aggregate recruitment of the NPC component nucleoporin NUP153 was also observed and found to be dependent on the N-terminus. That these effects were specific was implied by the fact that a number of other coexpressed karyophilic GFP-fusion proteins, such as the nucleoporin NUP98 and kanadaptin, did not coaggregate with FLAG-lamin A N195K or R386K. Immunofluorescence analysis further indicated that the precursor form of lamin A, pre-lamin A, could be found in intranuclear aggregates. Our results imply that redistribution into lamin A-/pre-lamin A-containing aggregates of proteins such as pRb and SREBP1a could represent a key aspect underlying the molecular pathogenesis of certain laminopathies.

  14. Evolution of the U.S. Energy Service Company Industry: Market Size and Project Performance from 1990-2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larsen, Peter [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Goldman, Charles A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Satchwell, Andrew [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. energy service company (ESCO) industry is an example of a private sector business model where energy savings are delivered to customers primarily through the use of performance-based contracts. This study was conceived as a snapshot of the ESCO industry prior to the economic slowdown and the introduction of federal stimulus funding mandated by enactment of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). This study utilizes two parallel analytic approaches to characterize ESCO industry and market trends in the U.S.: (1) a “top-down” approach involving a survey of individual ESCOs to estimate aggregate industry activity and (2) a “bottom-up” analysis of a database of -3,265 projects (representing over $8B in project investment) that reports market trends including installed EE retrofit strategies, project installation costs and savings, project payback times, and benefit-cost ratios over time. Despite the onset of an economic recession, the U.S. ESCO industry managed to grow at about 7% per year between 2006 and 2008. ESCO industry revenues are relatively small compared to total U.S. energy expenditures (about $4.1 billion in 2008), but ESCOs anticipated accelerated growth through 2011 (25% per year). We found that 2,484 ESCO projects in our database generated -$4.0 billion ($2009) in net, direct economic benefits to their customers. We estimate that the ESCO project database includes about 20% of all U.S. ESCO market activity from 1990-2008. Assuming the net benefits per project are comparable for ESCO projects that are not included in the LBNL database, this would suggest that the ESCO industry has generated -$23 billion in net direct economic benefits for customers at projects installed between 1990 and 2008. We found that nearly 85% of all public and institutional projects met or exceeded the guaranteed level of savings. We estimated that a typical ESCO project generated $1.5 dollars of direct benefits for every dollar of customer investment. There is empirical evidence confirming that the industry is responding to customer demand by installing more comprehensive and complex measures—including onsite generation and measures to address deferred maintenance—but this evolution has significant implications for customer project economics, especially at K-12 schools. We found that the median simple payback time has increased from 1.9 to 3.2 years in private sector projects since the early-to-mid 1990s and from 5.2 to 10.5 years in public sector projects for the same time period.

  15. Aggregate Building Simulator (ABS) Methodology Development, Application, and User Manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dirks, James A.; Gorrissen, Willy J.

    2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    As the relationship between the national building stock and various global energy issues becomes a greater concern, it has been deemed necessary to develop a system of predicting the energy consumption of large groups of buildings. Ideally this system is to take advantage of the most advanced energy simulation software available, be able to execute runs quickly, and provide concise and useful results at a level of detail that meets the users needs without inundating them with data. The resulting methodology that was developed allows the user to quickly develop and execute energy simulations of many buildings simultaneously, taking advantage of parallel processing to greatly reduce total simulation times. The result of these simulations can then be rapidly condensed and presented in a useful and intuitive manner.

  16. PREPRINT QUASIPARTICLE AGGREGATION I N THE FRACTIONAL QUANTUM HALL EFFECT

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for RenewableSpeedingBiomassPPPO Website Directory PPPO WebsitePREP | National

  17. Aggregated Purchasing and Workplace Charging Can Drive EV Market Growth |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergyDepartment ofATVM LoanActiveMissionCommitteesEnergy

  18. Special Inquiry on the Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Information Technology Expenditures, OAS-RA-L-12-01

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssues DOE's Nuclear EnergySmartOverview - 2015Space-BasedNaturalSpecial

  19. A bottom-up engineering estimate of the aggregate heating andcooling loads of the entire U.S. building stock

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Yu Joe; Brodrick, Jim

    2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A recently completed project for the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Building Equipment combined DOE-2 results for a large set of prototypical commercial and residential buildings with data from the Energy Information Administration (EIA) residential and commercial energy consumption surveys (RECS, CBECS) to estimate the total heating and cooling loads in U.S. buildings attributable to different shell components such as windows, roofs, walls, etc., internal processes, and space-conditioning systems. This information is useful for estimating the national conservation potentials for DOE's research and market transformation activities in building energy efficiency. The prototypical building descriptions and DOE-2 input files were developed from 1986 to 1992 to provide benchmark hourly building loads for the Gas Research Institute (GRI) and include 112 single-family, 66 multi-family, and 481 commercial building prototypes. The DOE study consisted of two distinct tasks : (1) perform DOE-2 simulations for the prototypical buildings and develop methods to extract the heating and cooling loads attributable to the different building components; and (2) estimate the number of buildings or floor area represented by each prototypical building based on EIA survey information. These building stock data were then multiplied by the simulated component loads to derive aggregated totals by region, vintage, and building type. The heating and cooling energy consumption of the national building stock estimated by this bottom-up engineering approach was found to agree reasonably well with estimates from other sources, although significant differences were found for certain end-uses. The main added value from this study, however, is the insight it provides about the contributing factors behind this energy consumption, and what energy savings can be expected from efficiency improvements for different building components by region, vintage, and building type.

  20. Communal spaces: aggregation and integration in the Mogollon Region of the United States Southwest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nisengard, Jennifer E.

    2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aggregation and integration are processes that occur in human societies throughout the globe. An informative example of population aggregation and social integration can be observed in the North American desert borderlands from A.D. 250 to 1450 in the area known as the Mogollon region. In fact, Mogollon communities oscillated from smaller social groups into larger ones and dispersed into smaller groups only to form larger ones again. For this reason, examining the groups of people living in the Mogollon region provides a magnified view of social change over a substantial period. Understanding patterns of aggregation and integration provides researchers with the promise for research into the nature of these phenomena. In general, the Mogollon region is characterized by limited water supplies and low average annual precipitation. However, pockets of the Mogollon area, including the Mimbres valley and the Gila River valley, represent oases, where permanent rivers and their associated tributaries allowed for the pursuit of agricultural endeavors and access to a wide variety of wild plant and animal resources. The areas with these kinds of potential became population centers for previously dispersed groups of people living in the region. These people exploited natural resources and practiced agriculture in areas surrounding their communities. Over time, more organized aggregated and socially integrated communities were established throughout the region. Using ancient Mogollon communal architecture, commonly called kivas, this study examines issues of, and evidence for, population aggregation and social integration.