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1

Transportation, Aging and Disposal Canister System Performance...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transportation, Aging and Disposal Canister System Performance Specification: Revision 1 Transportation, Aging and Disposal Canister System Performance Specification: Revision 1...

2

SNF AGING SYSTEM DESCRIPTION DOCUMENT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this system description document (SDD) is to establish requirements that drive the design of the spent nuclear fuel (SNF) aging system and associated bases, which will allow the design effort to proceed. This SDD will be revised at strategic points as the design matures. This SDD identifies the requirements and describes the system design, as it currently exists, with emphasis on attributes of the design provided to meet the requirements. This SDD is an engineering tool for design control; accordingly, the primary audience and users are design engineers. This SDD is part of an iterative design process. It leads the design process with regard to the flow down of upper tier requirements onto the system. Knowledge of these requirements is essential in performing the design process. The SDD follows the design with regard to the description of the system. The description provided in the SDD reflects the current results of the design process. Throughout this SDD, the term aging cask applies to vertical site-specific casks and to horizontal aging modules. The term overpack is a vertical site-specific cask that contains a dual-purpose canister (DPC) or a disposable canister. Functional and operational requirements applicable to this system were obtained from ''Project Functional and Operational Requirements'' (F&OR) (Curry 2004 [DIRS 170557]). Other requirements that support the design process were taken from documents such as ''Project Design Criteria Document'' (PDC) (BSC 2004 [DES 171599]), ''Site Fire Hazards Analyses'' (BSC 2005 [DIRS 172174]), and ''Nuclear Safety Design Bases for License Application'' (BSC 2005 [DIRS 171512]). The documents address requirements in the ''Project Requirements Document'' (PRD) (Canori and Leitner 2003 [DIRS 166275]). This SDD includes several appendices. Appendix A is a Glossary; Appendix B is a list of key system charts, diagrams, drawings, lists and additional supporting information; and Appendix C is a list of procedures that will be used to operate the system.

L.L. Swanson

2005-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

3

Transportation, Aging and Disposal Canister System Performance Specification: Revision 1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document provides specifications for selected system components of the Transportation, Aging and Disposal (TAD) canister-based system.

4

Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended Long Term Storage and Transportation of Used Fuel Rev0 Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for...

5

Countries Diesel Prices Excluding Taxes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

excluding taxes) excluding taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 01/13/14 3.56 3.46 3.55 3.80 3.63 3.57 3.40 01/06/14 3.70 3.49 3.62 3.82 3.63 3.55 3.43 12/30/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.42 12/23/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.39 12/16/13 3.63 3.50 3.71 3.85 3.71 3.56 3.38 12/9/13 3.83 3.53 3.77 3.86 3.72 3.57 3.39 12/2/13 3.70 3.46 3.75 3.80 3.67 3.53 3.40 11/25/13 3.60 3.38 3.74 3.75 3.61 3.48 3.36 11/18/13 3.74 3.36 3.67 3.70 3.55 3.45 3.33 11/11/13 3.57 3.34 3.57 3.66 3.51 3.42 3.34 11/4/13 3.60 3.36 3.65 3.69 3.58 3.43 3.37 10/28/13 3.60 3.48 3.71 3.84 3.67 3.53 3.38 10/21/13 3.64 3.50 3.75 3.84 3.70 3.54 3.40 10/14/13 3.70 3.45 3.74 3.82 3.70 3.51 3.40 10/7/13 3.63 3.46 3.75 3.83 3.70 3.52 3.41

6

Two-Sensor System for Absolute Age and Temperature History  

absolute age and/or temperature history of a device or system starting from the time it is assembled or commissioned. Ideally this information could ...

7

Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aging Name: davida Status: NA Age: NA Location: NA Country: NA Date: Around 1993 Question: What causes aging to occur? Replies: A deep and far-reaching question Aging is...

8

The effects of aging on BWR core isolation cooling systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study was performed to assess the effects of aging on the Reactor Core Isolation Cooling (RCIC) system in commercial Boiling Water Reactors (BWRs). This study is part of the Nuclear Plant Aging Research (NPAR) program sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The objectives of this program are to provide an understanding of the aging process and how it affects plant safety so that it can be properly managed. This is one of a number of studies performed under the NPAR program which provide a technical basis for the identification and evaluation of degradation caused by age. The failure data from national databases, as well as plant specific data were reviewed and analyzed to understand the effects of aging on the RCIC system. This analysis identified important components that should receive the highest priority in terms of aging management. The aging characterization provided information on the effects of aging on component failure frequency, failure modes, and failures causes. Current inspection, surveillance, and monitoring practices were also reviewed.

Lee, B.S. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Preliminary Transportation, Aging and Disposal Canister System Performance Specification  

SciTech Connect

This document provides specifications for selected system components of the Transportation, Aging and Disposal (TAD) canister-based system. A list of system specified components and ancillary components are included in Section 1.2. The TAD canister, in conjunction with specialized overpacks will accomplish a number of functions in the management and disposal of spent nuclear fuel. Some of these functions will be accomplished at purchaser sites where commercial spent nuclear fuel (CSNF) is stored, and some will be performed within the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) transportation and disposal system. This document contains only those requirements unique to applications within Department of Energy's (DOE's) system. DOE recognizes that TAD canisters may have to perform similar functions at purchaser sites. Requirements to meet reactor functions, such as on-site dry storage, handling, and loading for transportation, are expected to be similar to commercially available canister-based systems. This document is intended to be referenced in the license application for the Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR). As such, the requirements cited herein are needed for TAD system use in OCRWM's disposal system. This document contains specifications for the TAD canister, transportation overpack and aging overpack. The remaining components and equipment that are unique to the OCRWM system or for similar purchaser applications will be supplied by others.

C.A Kouts

2006-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

10

Motion of a sphere through an aging system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have investigated the drag on a sphere falling through a clay suspension that has a yield stress and exhibits rheological aging. The drag force increases with both speed and the rest time between preparation of the system and the start of the experiment, but there exists a nonzero minimum speed below which steady motion is not possible. We find that only a very thin layer of material around the sphere is fluidized when it moves, while the rest of suspension is deformed elastically. This is in marked contrast to what is found for yield-stress fluids that do not age.

H. Tabuteau; John R. de Bruyn; P. Coussot

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

11

Aging effects of US space nuclear systems in orbit  

SciTech Connect

This report presents information and data in support of a cost-benefit analysis being performed by Fair child Industries (FI) on the feasibility of retrieving existing US space nuclear systems in earth orbit by the Space Shuttle. This report evaluates, for US space nuclear systems presently in orbit, the radioisotopic inventory and external radiation field as a function of time, the effect of aging on fuel containment materials over the projected lifetime of the system, and the possible radioactive source terms should reentry eventually occur. Although the radioisotopic inventories and radiation fields have been evaluated for all systems, Transit 4A and Transit Triad have been emphasized in the evaluation of the aging effects and reentry consequences because these spacecraft have the shortest projected orbital lifetimes (570 and 150 years, respectively). In addition to existing systems in orbit, the radioisotopic inventory, radiation field, and reentry source terms have been evaluated for a General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) in a parking orbit due to an aborted Galileo Mission or International Solar Polar Mission (ISPM).

Bartram, B.W.; Huang, R.; Tammara, S.R.; Thielke, N.R.

1982-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

12

TWO SENSOR SYSTEM FOR A SOLUTE AGE AND TEMPERATURE HISTORY  

the aging period Can determine absolute age independently of temperature history Suitable for emplacement on circuit boards Numerous commercial ...

13

BM: excluded-speakers = 3080 3094 3095 3105 3112 3113 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BM: excluded-speakers = 3080 3094 3095 3105 3112 3113 3114 3126 3147 3190 3205 3208 3212 3231 3237 3240 3242 3277 3314 3334 3352 ...

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

14

Aging and user disfunctionings: implications for information system design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Researches in ergonomics are carried out on factors of work inducing a premature ageing or pathologies, with the purpose of designing or improving workplaces, devices and organisations less noxious for the health or more compatible with possible handicaps ... Keywords: ageing, elderly, ergonomics

Jean-Claude Sperandio

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Urine Test Strips to Exclude Cerebral Spinal Fluid Blood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

two Pearson Chi-Square tests. The first compared samplesO riginal R esearch Urine Test Strips to Exclude CerebralBayer Multistix ® urine test strips are designed to test

Marshall, Robin A; Hejamanowski, Chris

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended Long Term  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended Long Term Storage and Transportation of Used Fuel Rev0 Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended Long Term Storage and Transportation of Used Fuel Rev0 The report is intended to help assess and establish the technical basis for extended long-term storage and transportation of used nuclear fuel. It provides: 1) an overview of the ISFSI license renewal process based on 10 CFR 72 and the guidance provided in NUREG-1927; 2) definitions and terms for structures and components in DCSSs, materials, environments, aging effects, and aging mechanisms; 3) TLAAs and AMPs, respectively, that have been developed for managing aging effects on the SSCs important to safety in the dry cask storage system designs; and 4) AMPs and TLAAs for the SSCs

17

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Categorically Excluded Actions |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NEPA » National NEPA » National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Categorically Excluded Actions National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Categorically Excluded Actions Categorical Exclusions (CX) - Categorical exclusions are categories of actions that DOE has determined, by regulation, do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment and for which neither an environmental assessment nor an environmental impact statement is typically required. Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations Part 1021, National Environmental Policy Act Implementing Procedures, Appendices A and B to Subpart D, list DOE's categorical exclusions. Appendix A classes of actions are those actions considered to be general agency actions, such as awarding a contract or hiring personnel. Appendix B classes of actions

18

Autonomous Optical Sensor System for the Monitoring of Nitrogen Dioxide from Aging Rocket Propellant  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An optical sensor system has been developed for the autonomous monitoring of NO{sub 2} evolution in energetic material aging studies. The system is minimally invasive, requiring only the presence of a small sensor film within the aging chamber. The sensor material is a perylene/PMMA film that is excited by a blue LED light source and the fluorescence detected with a CCD spectrometer. Detection of NO{sub 2} gas is done remotely through the glass window of the aging chamber. Irreversible reaction of NO{sub 2} with perylene, producing the non-fluorescent nitroperylene, provides the optical sensing scheme. The rate of fluorescence intensity loss over time can be modeled using a numerical solution to the coupled diffusion and a nonlinear chemical reaction problem to evaluate NO{sub 2} concentration levels. The light source, spectrometer, spectral acquisition, and data processing were controlled through a Labivew program run by a laptop PC. Due to the long times involved with materials aging studies the system was designed to turn on, warm up, acquire data, power itself off, then recycle at a specific time interval. This allowed the monitoring of aging HE material over the period of several weeks with minimal power consumption and stable LED light output. Despite inherent problems with gas leakage of the aging chamber they were able to test the sensor system in the field under an accelerated aging study of rocket propellant. They found that the propellant evolved NO{sub 2} at a rate that yielded a concentration of between 10 and 100 ppm. The sensor system further revealed that the propellant, over an aging period of 25 days, evolves NO{sub 2} with cyclic behavior between active and dormant periods.

COX, TRISHA D.; SINGH, SEEMA; HUNTER, JOHN A.; JONES, GARY D.; SINCLAIR, MICHAEL B.; ROHWER, LAUREN E. S.; POHL, PHILLIP I.; ANDRZEJEWSKI, WILLIAM; SASAKI, DARRYL Y.

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

"ENDING STOCKS OF CRUDE OIL (excluding SPR)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ENDING STOCKS OF CRUDE OIL (excluding SPR)" ENDING STOCKS OF CRUDE OIL (excluding SPR)" "Sourcekey","WCESTP11","WCESTP11","WCESTP21","WCESTP21","WCESTP31","WCESTP31","WCESTP41","WCESTP41","WCESTP51","WCESTP51","WCESTUS1","WCESTUS1" "Date","Weekly East Coast (PADD 1) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly East Coast (PADD 1) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly Midwest (PADD 2) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly Midwest (PADD 2) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly West Coast (PADD 5) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly West Coast (PADD 5) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly U.S. Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly U.S. Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)"

20

Benchmark cool companions: New ages and abundances for the PZ Tel system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present new ages and abundance measurements for the pre-main sequence star PZ Tel. PZ Tel was recently found to host a young and low-mass companion. Using FEROS spectra we have measured atomic abundances (e.g. Fe and Li) and chromospheric activity for PZ Tel and used these to obtain metallicity and age estimates for the companion. We find PZ Tel to be a rapidly rotating (vsini=73\\pm5km/s), ~solar metallicity star (logN(Fe)=-4.37\\pm0.06dex or [Fe/H]=0.05\\pm0.20dex) with a measured mean logR'HK of -4.12. We measure a NLTE lithium abundance of logN(Li)=3.1\\pm0.1dex, which from depletion models gives rise to an age of 7+4-2 Myrs for the system. The measured chromospheric activity returns an age of 26\\pm2Myrs, as does fitting pre-main sequence evolutionary tracks (Tau_evol=22\\pm3Myrs), both of which are in disagreement with the lithium age. We speculate on reasons for this difference and introduce new models for lithium depletion that incorporates both rotation and magnetic field affects. We also synthesize sol...

Jenkins, James S; Ivanyuk, Oleksiy; Gallardo, Jose; Jones, Matias I; Day-Jones, Avril C; Jones, Hugh R A; Ruiz, Maria-Teresa; Pinfield, David J; Yakovina, Larissa

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "age excludes systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Collected Field Data on Electronic Part Failures and Aging in Nuclear Power Plant Instrumentation and Control (I&C) Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Failures of instrumentation and control (I&C) systems due to aging of electronic boards and components may have an immediate negative impact on plant reliability and availability and also affect long-term plant performance and safety. Aging management technologies based on the prediction of failures and aging mechanisms should allow the optimization of preventative maintenance activities and scheduling by helping define cost-effective condition-based maintenance programs. This report represents ...

2002-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

22

Aging Study of RPC's for the SiD Hcal and Muon System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preliminary test results on microscope investigation and BESIII-type RPC aging performance have revealed interesting aging phenomena that had not been seen before in Linseed oil coated Italian-type RPC. We report here on the aging performance of BESIII-type and its variant RPC, and on microscopic surface characterization of BESIII-type Bakelite electrodes.

Changguo Lu; Kirk McDonald; A. J. S. Smith; Jiawen Zhang

2010-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

23

Mainstreaming the e-excluded in Europe: strategies, good practices and some ethical issues  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

E-inclusion is getting a lot of attention in Europe these days. The European Commission and EU Member States have initiated e-inclusion strategies aimed at reaching out to the e-excluded and bringing them into the mainstream of society and the economy. ... Keywords: E-excluded, E-inclusion, E-inclusion strategies, Good practice, Strategies

David Wright; Kush Wadhwa

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Sustainable Design Standards in India: The Excluded Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to the recent emphasis on “Green Building” in different countries around the world, LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certification has emerged as one of the major recognized standards for measuring building sustainability. In 2005, the Indian Green Building Council (IGBC) adopted the original US rating system without substantive modifications in response to the significant contextual differences between the United States and India. In 2007, the IGBC published the LEED INDIA NC Version 1.0 with changes to better respond to the Indian context. This version did not address climatic variations, which demand focused attention on particular sections, such as natural ventilation and daylighting. This paper highlights the essential significance of these critical issues in latest LEED Indian Guidelines in the current LEED standards with respect to comparison between performance of green buildings with and without the LEED certification.

Gupta, K.; Haider, J.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

GRR/Elements/18-CA-a.2 - Is the Waste Non-excluded Solid Waste...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2 - Is the Waste Non-excluded Solid Waste < GRR | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections...

26

GRR/Elements/18-CA-a.4 - Is the Waste a Non-excluded Hazardous...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4 - Is the Waste a Non-excluded Hazardous Waste < GRR | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of...

27

Tag-only aging-counter localization for the R-LIM2 system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the large number of items stored in present-day libraries, locating the exact position of an item is time-consuming. This is true not only for poorly managed libraries, but also for well maintained libraries. In the former case, the problem is rather ... Keywords: Aging counter, Book retrieval, Library, Localization, R-LIM2, RFID

Jung-Wook Choi; Dong-Ik Oh

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Particle number fluctuations in nuclear collisions within excluded volume hadron gas model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The multiplicity fluctuations are studied in the van der Waals excluded volume hadron-resonance gas model. The calculations are done in the grand canonical ensemble within the Boltzmann statistics approximation. The scaled variances for positive, negative and all charged hadrons are calculated along the chemical freeze-out line of nucleus-nucleus collisions at different collision energies. The multiplicity fluctuations are found to be suppressed in the van der Waals gas. The numerical calculations are presented for two values of hard-core hadron radius, $r=0.3$ fm and 0.5 fm, as well as for the upper limit of the excluded volume suppression effects.

M. I. Gorenstein; M. Hauer; D. O. Nikolajenko

2007-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

29

Production of Strange, Non-strange particles and Hypernuclei in an Excluded-Volume Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a systematic study of production of strange and non-strange hadron yields and their ratios obtained in various experiments using our thermodynamically consistent excluded-volume model. We also analyze the production of light nuclei, hypernuclei and their antinuclei in terms of our excluded-volume model over a broad energy range starting from Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS) to Large Hadron Collider (LHC) energies. Further, we extend our model for studying rapidity spectra of hadrons produced in heavy-ion collisions.

S. K. Tiwari; C. P. Singh

2013-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

30

Activated carbon: Utilization excluding industrial waste treatment. (Latest citations from the Compendex database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the commercial use and theoretical studies of activated carbon. Topics include performance evaluations in water treatment processes, preparation and regeneration techniques, materials recovery, and pore structure studies. Adsorption characteristics for specific materials are discussed. Studies pertaining specifically to industrial waste treatment are excluded. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

An "ageing" operator and its use in the highly constrained topological optimization of HVAC system design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The synthesis of novel heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC), system configurations is a mixed-integer, non-linear, highly constrained, multi-modal, optimization problem, with many of the constraints being subject to time-varying boundary ... Keywords: HVAC, evolutionary algorithms, system design, topological optimization

Jonathan Wight; Yi Zhang

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

HIGH-MASS, FOUR-PLANET CONFIGURATIONS FOR HR 8799: CONSTRAINING THE ORBITAL INCLINATION AND AGE OF THE SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

Debates regarding the age and inclination of the planetary system orbiting HR 8799, and the release of additional astrometric data following the discovery of the fourth planet, prompted us to examine the possibility of constraining these two quantities by studying the long-term stability of this system at different orbital inclinations and in its high-mass configuration (7-10-10-10 M{sub Jup}). We carried out {approx}1.5 million N-body integrations for different combinations of orbital elements of the four planets. The most dynamically stable combinations survived less than {approx}5 Myr at inclinations of 0 Degree-Sign and 13 Degree-Sign , and 41, 46, and 31 Myr at 18 Degree-Sign , 23 Degree-Sign , and 30 Degree-Sign , respectively. Given such short lifetimes and the location of the system on the age-luminosity diagram for low-mass objects, the most reasonable conclusion of our study is that the planetary masses are less than 7-10-10-10 M{sub Jup} and the system is quite young. Two trends to note from our work are as follows. (1) In the most stable systems, the higher the inclination, the more the coordinates for planets b and c diverge from the oldest archival astrometric data (released after we completed our N-body integrations), suggesting that either these planets are in eccentric orbits or have lower orbital inclinations than that of planet d. (2) The most stable systems place planet e closer to the central star than is observed, supporting the conclusion that the planets are more massive and the system is young. We present the details of our simulations and discuss the implications of the results.

Sudol, Jeffrey J. [Department of Physics, West Chester University, 720 S. Church Street, West Chester, PA 19383 (United States); Haghighipour, Nader, E-mail: jsudol@wcupa.edu, E-mail: nader@ifa.hawaii.edu [Institute for Astronomy and NASA Astrobiology Institute, University of Hawaii-Manoa, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States)

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

33

Age-adapted psychoacoustics: target group oriented sound schemes for the interaction with telemedical systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For the interaction of elderly people with IT systems, an ergonomic and intuitive design as well as self-explanatory handling processes are particularly relevant. Herein adequate acoustic feedback, which accounts for the specific needs and experience ... Keywords: acoustic feedback, psychoacoustic, telemedicine

Alexander Mertens; Philipp Przybysz; Alexander Groß; David Koch-Koerfges; Claudia Nick; Martin Kaethner; Christopher M. Schlick

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Clean Water Act (excluding Section 404). Environmental guidance program reference book: Revision 6  

SciTech Connect

This Reference Book contains a current copy of the Clean Water Act (excluding Section 404) and those regulations that implement the statutes and appear to be most relevant to US Department of Energy (DOE) activities. The document is provided to DOE and contractor staff for informational purposes only and should not be interpreted as legal guidance. Updates that include important new requirements will be provided periodically. Questions concerning this Reference Book may be directed to Mark Petts, EH-231 (202/586-2609).

Not Available

1993-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

35

Plant Support Engineering: Aging Management Program Guidance for Medium- Voltage Cable Systems for Nuclear Power Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regulatory and management concern regarding the reliability of medium-voltage cable systems at nuclear plants has been increasing for 5–10 years. The staff of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) are concerned that wetted (up to and including submergence) medium-voltage cable circuits may be degrading to the point at which multiple cable circuits may fail when called on to perform functions affecting safety. Utility managers are concerned that cables may fail, causing adverse safety consequences ...

2010-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

36

PLANETARY-SCALE STRONTIUM ISOTOPIC HETEROGENEITY AND THE AGE OF VOLATILE DEPLETION OF EARLY SOLAR SYSTEM MATERIALS  

SciTech Connect

Isotopic anomalies in planetary materials reflect both early solar nebular heterogeneity inherited from presolar stellar sources and processes that generated non-mass-dependent isotopic fractionations. The characterization of isotopic variations in heavy elements among early solar system materials yields important insight into the stellar environment and formation of the solar system, and about initial isotopic ratios relevant to long-term chronological applications. One such heavy element, strontium, is a central element in the geosciences due to wide application of the long-lived {sup 87}Rb-{sup 87}Sr radioactive as a chronometer. We show that the stable isotopes of Sr were heterogeneously distributed at both the mineral scale and the planetary scale in the early solar system, and also that the Sr isotopic heterogeneities correlate with mass-independent oxygen isotope variations, with only CI chondrites plotting outside of this correlation. The correlation implies that most solar system material formed by mixing of at least two isotopically distinct components: a CV-chondrite-like component and an O-chondrite-like component, and possibly a distinct CI-chondrite-like component. The heterogeneous distribution of Sr isotopes may indicate that variations in initial {sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr of early solar system materials reflect isotopic heterogeneity instead of having chronological significance, as interpreted previously. For example, given the differences in {sup 84}Sr/{sup 86}Sr between calcium aluminum inclusions and eucrites ({epsilon}{sup 84}Sr > 2), the difference in age between these materials would be {approx}6 Ma shorter than previously interpreted, placing the Sr chronology in agreement with other long- and short-lived isotope systems, such as U-Pb and Mn-Cr.

Moynier, Frederic; Podosek, Frank A. [Department of Earth and Planetary Science and McDonnell Center for Space Sciences, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130 (United States); Day, James M. D. [Geosciences Research Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA 92093-0244 (United States); Okui, Wataru; Yokoyama, Tetsuya [Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan); Bouvier, Audrey [Department of Earth Sciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455-0231 (United States); Walker, Richard J., E-mail: moynier@levee.wustl.edu, E-mail: fap@levee.wustl.edu, E-mail: jmdday@ucsd.edu, E-mail: rjwalker@umd.edu, E-mail: okui.w.aa@m.titech.ac.jp, E-mail: tetsuya.yoko@geo.titech.ac.jp, E-mail: abouvier@umn.edu [Department of Geology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

37

Method for excluding salt and other soluble materials from produced water  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for reducing the salinity, as well as the hydrocarbon concentration of produced water to levels sufficient to meet surface water discharge standards. Pressure vessel and coflow injection technology developed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory is used to mix produced water and a gas hydrate forming fluid to form a solid or semi-solid gas hydrate mixture. Salts and solids are excluded from the water that becomes a part of the hydrate cage. A three-step process of dissociation of the hydrate results in purified water suitable for irrigation.

Phelps, Tommy J. (Knoxville, TN); Tsouris, Costas (Oak Ridge, TN); Palumbo, Anthony V. (Oak Ridge, TN); Riestenberg, David E. (Knoxville, TN); McCallum, Scott D. (Knoxville, TN)

2009-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

38

Prioritization of reactor control components susceptible to fire damage as a consequence of aging  

SciTech Connect

The Fire Vulnerability of Aged Electrical Components Test Program is to identify and assess issues of plant aging that could lead to an increase in nuclear power plant risk because of fires. Historical component data and prior analyses are used to prioritize a list of components with respect to aging and fire vulnerability and the consequences of their failure on plant safety systems. The component list emphasizes safety system control components, but excludes cables, large equipment, and devices encompassed in the Equipment Qualification (EQ) program. The test program selected components identified in a utility survey and developed test and fire conditions necessary to maximize the effectiveness of the test program. Fire damage considerations were limited to purely thermal effects.

Lowry, W.; Vigil, R. [Science and Engineering Associates, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Nowlen, S. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Aging gene  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aging gene Name: Linda S Martinez Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: Have the aging gene or genes been located on the human chromosomes, and, if yes, will removing that...

40

The Simplest Models of Radiative Neutrino Mass: Excluding Simplified Zee Models and Beyond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The complexity of radiative neutrino-mass models can be judged by: (i) whether they require the imposition of ad hoc symmetries, (ii) the number of new multiplets they introduce, and (iii) the number of arbitrary parameters that appear. Adopting the view that the imposition of arbitrary new symmetries is the least appealing approach, the simplest models have two new multiplets and a minimal number of new parameters. With this in mind, we search for the simplest models of radiative neutrino mass. We are lead to two new models, containing a real scalar triplet and a charged scalar doublet (respectively), in addition to the charged singlet scalar considered by Zee [h^+\\sim(1,1,2)]. The new models are essentially simplified versions of the Zee model and appear to be \\emph{the simplest} models of radiative neutrino mass. However, these models are only of pedagogical interest; despite successfully generating nonzero masses, present-day data is sufficient to rule them out. The lessons learned from these models also enable one to exclude a more general class of radiative models. Moving beyond the minimal cases, we find a new model of two-loop masses that employs the charged doublet \\Phi\\sim(1,2,3) and the doubly-charged scalar k^{++}\\sim(1,1,4).

Sandy S. C. Law; Kristian L. McDonald

2013-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "age excludes systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Aging gauge  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An aging gauge comprising a container having a fixed or a variable sized t opening with a cap which can be opened to control the sublimation rate of a thermally sublimational material contained within the container. In use, the aging gauge is stored with an item to determine total heat the item is subjected to and also the maximum temperature to which the item has been exposed. The aging gauge container contains a thermally sublimational material such as naphthalene or similar material which has a low sublimation rate over the temperature range from about 70.degree. F. to about 160.degree. F. The aging products determined by analyses of a like item aged along with the aging gauge for which the sublimation amount is determined is employed to establish a calibration curve for future aging evaluation. The aging gauge is provided with a means for determining the maximum temperature exposure (i.e., a thermally indicating material which gives an irreversible color change, Thermocolor pigment). Because of the relationship of doubling reaction rates for increases of 10.degree. C., equivalency of item used in accelerated aging evaluation can be obtained by referring to a calibration curve depicting storage temperature on the abscissa scale and multiplier on the ordinate scale.

Betts, Robert E. (Huntsville, AL); Crawford, John F. (Huntsville, AL)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Plant Support Engineering: Aging Management Program Development Guidance for Instrument and Control Cable Systems for Nuclear Power Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document provides guidance for developing and implementing a cable aging management program for low-voltage instrument and control cable circuits in nuclear power plants. Guidance is provided for identifying cables located in adverse localized environments and determining if those environments have caused significant cable circuit degradation.

2010-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

43

Activated carbon: Utilization excluding industrial waste treatment. (Latest citations from the EI Compendex*plus database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the commercial use and theoretical studies of activated carbon. Topics include performance evaluations in water treatment processes, preparation and regeneration techniques, materials recovery, and pore structure studies. Adsorption characteristics for specific materials are discussed. Studies pertaining specifically to industrial waste treatment are excluded. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Aging in reversible dynamics of disordered systems. I. Emergence of the arcsine law in Bouchaud's asymmetric trap model on the complete graph  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper the celebrated arcsine aging scheme of G. Ben Arous and J. Cern\\'y is taken up. Using a brand new approach based on point processes and weak convergence techniques, this scheme is implemented in a wide class of Markov processes that can best be described as Glauber dynamics of discrete disordered systems. More specifically, conditions are given for the underlying clock process (a partial sum process that measures the total time elapsed along paths of a given length) to converge to a subordinator, and this subordinator is constructed explicitly. This approach is illustrated on Bouchaud's asymmetric trap model on the complete graph for which aging is for the first time proved, and the full, optimal picture, obtained.

Véronique Gayrard

2010-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

45

Aging and Holography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging phenomena are examples of `non-equilibrium criticality' and can be exemplified by systems with Galilean and scaling symmetries but no time translation invariance. We realize aging holographically using a deformation of a non-relativistic version of gauge/gravity duality. Correlation functions of scalar operators are computed using holographic real-time techniques, and agree with field theory expectations. At least in this setup, general aging phenomena are reproduced holographically by complexifying the bulk space-time geometry, even in Lorentzian signature.

Juan I. Jottar; Robert G. Leigh; Djordje Minic; Leopoldo A. Pando Zayas

2010-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

46

Finite Temperature Aging Holography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct the gravity background which describes the dual field theory with aging invariance. We choose the decay modes of the bulk scalar field in the internal spectator direction to obtain the dissipative behavior of the boundary correlation functions of the dual scalar fields. In particular, the two-time correlation function at zero temperature has the characteristic features of the aging system: power law decay, broken time translation and dynamical scaling. We also construct the black hole backgrounds with asymptotic aging invariance. We extensively study characteristic behavior of the finite temperature two-point correlation function via analytic and numerical methods.

Seungjoon Hyun; Jaehoon Jeong; Bom Soo Kim

2011-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

47

International Atomic Energy Agency specialists meeting on experience in ageing, maintenance, and modernization of instrumentation and control systems for improving nuclear power plant availability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the proceedings of the Specialist`s Meeting on Experience in Aging, Maintenance and Modernization of Instrumentation and Control Systems for Improving Nuclear Power Plant Availability that was held at the Ramada Inn in Rockville, Maryland on May 5--7, 1993. The Meeting was presented in cooperation with the Electric Power Research Institute, Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the International Atomic Energy Agency. There were approximately 65 participants from 13 countries at the Meeting. Individual reports have been cataloged separately.

Not Available

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Managing aging effects on dry cask storage systems for extended long-term storage and transportation of used fuel - rev. 0  

SciTech Connect

The cancellation of the Yucca Mountain repository program in the United States raises the prospect of extended long-term storage (i.e., >120 years) and deferred transportation of used fuel at operating and decommissioned nuclear power plant sites. Under U.S. federal regulations contained in Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 72.42, the initial license term for an Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation (ISFSI) must not exceed 40 years from the date of issuance. Licenses may be renewed by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) at the expiration of the license term upon application by the licensee for a period not to exceed 40 years. Application for ISFSI license renewals must include the following: (1) Time-limited aging analyses (TLAAs) that demonstrate that structures, systems, and components (SSCs) important to safety will continue to perform their intended function for the requested period of extended operation; and (2) a description of the aging management program (AMP) for management of issues associated with aging that could adversely affect SSCs important to safety. In addition, the application must also include design bases information as documented in the most recent updated final safety analysis report as required by 10 CFR 72.70. Information contained in previous applications, statements, or reports filed with the Commission under the license may be incorporated by reference provided that those references are clear and specific. The NRC has recently issued the Standard Review Plan (SRP) for renewal of used-fuel dry cask storage system (DCSS) licenses and Certificates of Compliance (CoCs), NUREG-1927, under which NRC may renew a specific license or a CoC for a term not to exceed 40 years. Both the license and the CoC renewal applications must contain revised technical requirements and operating conditions (fuel storage, surveillance and maintenance, and other requirements) for the ISFSI and DCSS that address aging effects that could affect the safe storage of the used fuel. The information contained in the license and CoC renewal applications will require NRC review to verify that the aging effects on the SSCs in DCSSs/ ISFSIs are adequately managed for the period of extended operation. To date, all of the ISFSIs located across the United States with more than 1,500 dry casks loaded with used fuel have initial license terms of 20 years; three ISFSIs (Surry, H.B. Robinson and Oconee) have received their renewed licenses for 20 years, and two other ISFSIs (Calvert Cliffs and Prairie Island) have applied for license renewal for 40 years. This report examines issues related to managing aging effects on the SSCs in DCSSs/ISFSIs for extended long-term storage and transportation of used fuels, following an approach similar to that of the Generic Aging Lessons Learned (GALL) report, NUREG-1801, for the aging management and license renewal of nuclear power plants. The report contains five chapters and an appendix on quality assurance for aging management programs for used-fuel dry storage systems. Chapter I of the report provides an overview of the ISFSI license renewal process based on 10 CFR 72 and the guidance provided in NUREG-1927. Chapter II contains definitions and terms for structures and components in DCSSs, materials, environments, aging effects, and aging mechanisms. Chapter III and Chapter IV contain generic TLAAs and AMPs, respectively, that have been developed for managing aging effects on the SSCs important to safety in the dry cask storage system designs described in Chapter V. The summary descriptions and tabulations of evaluations of AMPs and TLAAs for the SSCs that are important to safety in Chapter V include DCSS designs (i.e., NUHOMS{reg_sign}, HI-STORM 100, Transnuclear (TN) metal cask, NAC International S/T storage cask, ventilated storage cask (VSC-24), and the Westinghouse MC-10 metal dry storage cask) that have been and continue to be used by utilities across the country for dry storage of used fuel to date. The goal of this report is to help establish the technical

Chopra, O.K.; Diercks, D.; Fabian, R.; Ma, D.; Shah, V.; Tam, S.W.; Liu, Y. (Decision and Information Sciences); ( EVS); ( NE)

2012-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

49

Managing aging effects on dry cask storage systems for extended long-term storage and transportation of used fuel - rev. 0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The cancellation of the Yucca Mountain repository program in the United States raises the prospect of extended long-term storage (i.e., >120 years) and deferred transportation of used fuel at operating and decommissioned nuclear power plant sites. Under U.S. federal regulations contained in Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 72.42, the initial license term for an Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation (ISFSI) must not exceed 40 years from the date of issuance. Licenses may be renewed by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) at the expiration of the license term upon application by the licensee for a period not to exceed 40 years. Application for ISFSI license renewals must include the following: (1) Time-limited aging analyses (TLAAs) that demonstrate that structures, systems, and components (SSCs) important to safety will continue to perform their intended function for the requested period of extended operation; and (2) a description of the aging management program (AMP) for management of issues associated with aging that could adversely affect SSCs important to safety. In addition, the application must also include design bases information as documented in the most recent updated final safety analysis report as required by 10 CFR 72.70. Information contained in previous applications, statements, or reports filed with the Commission under the license may be incorporated by reference provided that those references are clear and specific. The NRC has recently issued the Standard Review Plan (SRP) for renewal of used-fuel dry cask storage system (DCSS) licenses and Certificates of Compliance (CoCs), NUREG-1927, under which NRC may renew a specific license or a CoC for a term not to exceed 40 years. Both the license and the CoC renewal applications must contain revised technical requirements and operating conditions (fuel storage, surveillance and maintenance, and other requirements) for the ISFSI and DCSS that address aging effects that could affect the safe storage of the used fuel. The information contained in the license and CoC renewal applications will require NRC review to verify that the aging effects on the SSCs in DCSSs/ ISFSIs are adequately managed for the period of extended operation. To date, all of the ISFSIs located across the United States with more than 1,500 dry casks loaded with used fuel have initial license terms of 20 years; three ISFSIs (Surry, H.B. Robinson and Oconee) have received their renewed licenses for 20 years, and two other ISFSIs (Calvert Cliffs and Prairie Island) have applied for license renewal for 40 years. This report examines issues related to managing aging effects on the SSCs in DCSSs/ISFSIs for extended long-term storage and transportation of used fuels, following an approach similar to that of the Generic Aging Lessons Learned (GALL) report, NUREG-1801, for the aging management and license renewal of nuclear power plants. The report contains five chapters and an appendix on quality assurance for aging management programs for used-fuel dry storage systems. Chapter I of the report provides an overview of the ISFSI license renewal process based on 10 CFR 72 and the guidance provided in NUREG-1927. Chapter II contains definitions and terms for structures and components in DCSSs, materials, environments, aging effects, and aging mechanisms. Chapter III and Chapter IV contain generic TLAAs and AMPs, respectively, that have been developed for managing aging effects on the SSCs important to safety in the dry cask storage system designs described in Chapter V. The summary descriptions and tabulations of evaluations of AMPs and TLAAs for the SSCs that are important to safety in Chapter V include DCSS designs (i.e., NUHOMS{reg_sign}, HI-STORM 100, Transnuclear (TN) metal cask, NAC International S/T storage cask, ventilated storage cask (VSC-24), and the Westinghouse MC-10 metal dry storage cask) that have been and continue to be used by utilities across the country for dry storage of used fuel to date. The goal of this report is to help establish the technical

Chopra, O.K.; Diercks, D.; Fabian, R.; Ma, D.; Shah, V.; Tam, S.W.; Liu, Y. (Decision and Information Sciences); ( EVS); ( NE)

2012-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

50

Pick-by-Vision comes on age: evaluation of an augmented reality supported picking system in a real storage environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Order picking is one of the most important process steps in logistics. Because of their flexibility human beings cannot be replaced by machines. But if workers in order picking systems are equipped with a head-mounted display, Augmented Reality can improve ... Keywords: 3D geometries, augmented reality, order picking, user studies

Rupert Reif; Willibald A. Günthner; Björn Schwerdtfeger; Gudrun Klinker

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Plant Engineering, Aging Management Program Guidance for Medium-Voltage Cable Systems for Nuclear Power Plants, Revision 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report was prepared in response to regulatory and management concern regarding the reliability of medium-voltage cable systems at nuclear plants. The staff of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) have been concerned that wetted (up to and including submergence) medium-voltage cable circuits may be degrading to the point at which multiple cable circuits may fail when called on to perform functions affecting safety. A utility manager’s concern is that cables may fail, causing ...

2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

52

Mathematical link of evolving aging and complexity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging is a fundamental aspect of living systems that undergo a progressive deterioration of physiological function with age and an increase of vulnerability to disease and death. Living systems, known as complex systems, require complexity in interactions among molecules, cells, organs, and individuals or regulatory mechanisms to perform a variety of activities for survival. On this basis, aging can be understood in terms of a progressive loss of complexity with age; this suggests that complexity in living systems would evolve with age. In general, aging dynamics is mathematically depicted by a survival function, which monotonically changes from 1 to 0 with age. It would be then useful to find an adequate survival function to link aging dynamics and complexity evolution. Here we describe a flexible survival function, which is derived from the stretched exponential function by adopting an age-dependent exponent. We note that the exponent is associated with evolving complexity, i.e., a fractal-like scaling in c...

Weon, Byung Mook

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Aging in American Convents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Schuster. Snowdon, David 2001 Aging with Grace: What the Nunreligion, devotion, and aging. CSW JAN09 update tocAging in American Convents FIELDWORK REPORT by Anna I.

Corwin, Anna I.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

ALPHA SPECTROMETRIC EVALUATION OF SRM-995 AS A POTENTIAL URANIUM/THORIUM DOUBLE TRACER SYSTEM FOR AGE-DATING URANIUM MATERIALS  

SciTech Connect

Uranium-233 (t{sub 1/2} {approx} 1.59E5 years) is an artificial, fissile isotope of uranium that has significant importance in nuclear forensics. The isotope provides a unique signature in determining the origin and provenance of uranium-bearing materials and is valuable as a mass spectrometric tracer. Alpha spectrometry was employed in the critical evaluation of a {sup 233}U standard reference material (SRM-995) as a dual tracer system based on the in-growth of {sup 229}Th (t{sub 1/2} {approx} 7.34E3 years) for {approx}35 years following radiochemical purification. Preliminary investigations focused on the isotopic analysis of standards and unmodified fractions of SRM-995; all samples were separated and purified using a multi-column anion-exchange scheme. The {sup 229}Th/{sup 233}U atom ratio for SRM-995 was found to be 1.598E-4 ({+-} 4.50%) using recovery-corrected radiochemical methods. Using the Bateman equations and relevant half-lives, this ratio reflects a material that was purified {approx} 36.8 years prior to this analysis. The calculated age is discussed in contrast with both the date of certification and the recorded date of last purification.

Beals, D.

2011-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

55

Thoughts on Aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The impetus of writing about aging came the other day afterMagnetic Resonance Thoughts on Aging George Feher Received:at Springerlink.com When we, aging scientists, fade away and

Feher, George

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

HYGROTHERMAL AGING OF POLYIMIDE MATRIX COMPOSITE LAMINATES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HYGROTHERMAL AGING OF POLYIMIDE MATRIX COMPOSITE LAMINATES John A. Nairn and Man-Hee Han Materials-0560, USA SUMMARY: Two polyimide-matrix systems were subjected to a series of hygrothermal aging experiments at various temperatures and relative humidities. For each aging condition, we measured the microcracking

Nairn, John A.

57

AGING FACILITY CRITICALITY SAFETY CALCULATIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this design calculation is to revise and update the previous criticality calculation for the Aging Facility (documented in BSC 2004a). This design calculation will also demonstrate and ensure that the storage and aging operations to be performed in the Aging Facility meet the criticality safety design criteria in the ''Project Design Criteria Document'' (Doraswamy 2004, Section 4.9.2.2), and the functional nuclear criticality safety requirement described in the ''SNF Aging System Description Document'' (BSC [Bechtel SAIC Company] 2004f, p. 3-12). The scope of this design calculation covers the systems and processes for aging commercial spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and staging Department of Energy (DOE) SNF/High-Level Waste (HLW) prior to its placement in the final waste package (WP) (BSC 2004f, p. 1-1). Aging commercial SNF is a thermal management strategy, while staging DOE SNF/HLW will make loading of WPs more efficient (note that aging DOE SNF/HLW is not needed since these wastes are not expected to exceed the thermal limits form emplacement) (BSC 2004f, p. 1-2). The description of the changes in this revised document is as follows: (1) Include DOE SNF/HLW in addition to commercial SNF per the current ''SNF Aging System Description Document'' (BSC 2004f). (2) Update the evaluation of Category 1 and 2 event sequences for the Aging Facility as identified in the ''Categorization of Event Sequences for License Application'' (BSC 2004c, Section 7). (3) Further evaluate the design and criticality controls required for a storage/aging cask, referred to as MGR Site-specific Cask (MSC), to accommodate commercial fuel outside the content specification in the Certificate of Compliance for the existing NRC-certified storage casks. In addition, evaluate the design required for the MSC that will accommodate DOE SNF/HLW. This design calculation will achieve the objective of providing the criticality safety results to support the preliminary design of the Aging Facility. As the ongoing design evolution remains fluid, the results from this design calculation should be evaluated for applicability to any new or modified design. Consequently, the results presented in this document are limited to the current design. The information contained in this document was developed by Environmental and Nuclear Engineering and is intended for the use of Design and Engineering in its work regarding the various criticality related activities performed in the Aging Facility. Yucca Mountain Project personnel from Environmental and Nuclear Engineering should be consulted before the use of the information for purposes other than those stated herein or use by individuals other than authorized personnel in Design and Engineering.

C.E. Sanders

2004-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

58

Welding tritium aged stainless steel  

SciTech Connect

Stainless steels exposed to tritium become unweldable by conventional methods due to He buildup within the metal matrix. With longer service lives expected for new weapon systems, and service life extensions of older systems, methods for welding/repair on tritium-exposed material will become important. Results are reported that indicate that both solid-state resistance welding and low-heat gas metal arc overlay welding are promising methods for repair or modification of tritium-aged stainless steel.

Kanne, W.R. Jr.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Solutioning and Aging Behaviours  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 13, 2012 ... Aluminum Alloys: Fabrication, Characterization and Applications: Solutioning and Aging Behaviours Sponsored by: The Minerals, Metals and ...

60

Solutioning and Aging Behaviors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aluminum Alloys: Development, Characterization and Applications: Solutioning and Aging Behaviors Sponsored by: TMS Light Metals Division, TMS: Aluminum

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "age excludes systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Aging in reversible dynamics of disordered systems. II. Emergence of the arcsine law in the random hopping time dynamics of the REM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Applying the new tools developed in [G1], we investigate the arcsine aging regime of the random hopping time dynamics of the REM. Our results are optimal in several ways. They cover the full time-scale and temperature domain where this phenomenon occurs. On this domain the limiting clock process and associated time correlation function are explicitly constructed. Finally, all convergence statements w.r.t. the law of the random environment are obtained in the strongest sense possible, except perhaps on the very last scales before equilibrium.

Véronique Gayrard

2010-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

62

Aging of SRC liquids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The viscosity of SRC?LL liquid increases when subjected to accelerated aging by bubbling oxygen in the presence of copper strip at 62°C. Precipitates are formed and can be separated from the aged liquid by Soxhlet extraction with pentane. A 30?70 blend of SRC?I with SRC?LL was subjected to oxygen aging in the absence of copper

T. Hara; L. Jones; K. C. Tewari; N. C. Li

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Low-Voltage Cable Aging Management Guidance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report, intended for use by power plant engineers and craft and administrative personnel who are responsible for cable system aging management, provides guidance on the effective and efficient application of current information and techniques related to aging and condition monitoring (CM) of low-voltage cables. The identification of cables that are prone to early aging and the timely replacement or repair of cables that are degraded will minimize unnecessary power losses, unplanned shutdowns, ...

2013-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

64

Determining age of whales  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Determining age of whales Determining age of whales Name: Bruce W Walkey Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: While browsing through the Internet, I came upon a question by two fifth grade students. Their question got me thinking and now I pose it to you. How can you determine the age of whales? Since they are mammals, can the methods that are used on humans be used on whales? What are some tests that can be done on bones or tissues to determine age? Looking forward to your reply. Replies: Although it is difficult to determine the age of whales (unless they are born in captivity and we know their birth date), several methods have been commonly used: 1) (if female) the examination of the ovaries 2) Examination of the ridges on baleen, which are not uniform in size and analogous to tree rings. The problem with this is that baleen wears away over time. 3) Studying layers of ossification in an ear bone is probably the most accurate method of aging, since internal bones don't wear away. The biggest problem with aging methods is that they usually require that you are dissecting the animal, and often, we would like a method of aging for live active animals. The best we can do here is to compare the size and markings of whales of known age to those found in the wild. Great question!

65

Aging Matters What's Inside  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging Matters What's Inside Letter from the dean PSU winS Carter award artiSan eConomy eLi BUi and Public affairs 2008 fall newsletter www.pdx.edu/cupa aGinG is a modern fact of life. In 2006 the world's population of adults aged 60 or over was 650 million. By 2025 that number will nearly double. By 2050

Bertini, Robert L.

66

Materials Degradation and Aging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 28, 2007 ... Improve plant capacity, reliability, and availability. Materials Degradation and Aging - An EPRI Nuclear Power Action Plan, Report No.

67

Insights gained from aging research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US NRC Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research has implemented hardware-oriented engineering research programs to identify and resolve technical issues related to the aging of systems, structures, and components (SSCs) in operating nuclear power plants. This report provides a summary of those research results which have been compiled and published in NUREGS and related technical reports. The systems, components and structures that have been studied are organized by alphabetical order. The research results summary on the SSCs is followed by an assessment guide to emphasize inspection techniques which may be useful for detecting aging degradation in nuclear power plants. This report will be updated periodically to reflect new research results on these or other SSCs.

Blahnik, D.E.; Casada, D.A.; Edson, J.L.; Fineman, D.L.; Gunther, W.E.; Haynes, H.D.; Hoopingarner, K.R.; Jacobus, M.J.; Jarrell, D.B.; Kryter, R.C.; Magelby, H.L.; Murphy, G.A.; Subudhi, M.M.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Melatonin and the aging brain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mitochondrial decay of aging. Mol. Aspects Med. 26, Ames,the degenerative diseases of aging. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.2004. Retardation of brain aging by chronic treatment with

BONDY, S; SHARMAN, E

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Evaluation of Thermal Fatigue Effects on Systems Requiring Aging Management Review for License Renewal for the Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Power Plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, the nuclear power industry has devoted significant attention to metal fatigue and its impact on the design qualification and serviceability of operating components. This study provides a pilot plant demonstration of the current industry technical position on fatigue evaluation for license renewal, specifically addressing reactor water environmental effects. It also develops a technical evaluation method for determining fatigue life adequacy in a feedwater piping system, a pressurizer sur...

1998-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

70

Plant Support Engineering: Aging Management Program Development Guidance for AC and DC Low-Voltage Power Cable Systems for Nuclear P ower Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regulatory and management concern regarding the reliability of low-voltage power cable systems at nuclear plants has been increasing for the past 5–10 years. The staff of the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission are concerned that wetted (up to and including submergence) low-voltage power cable circuits may be degrading to the point at which multiple cable circuits may fail when called on to perform functions affecting safety. Utility managers are concerned that cables may fail, causing adverse sa...

2010-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

71

Aging Logarithmic Galilean Field Theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analytically compute correlation and response functions of scalar operators for the systems with Galilean and corresponding aging symmetries for general spatial dimensions $d$ and dynamical exponent $z$, along with their logarithmic and logarithmic squared extensions, using the gauge/gravity duality. These non-conformal extensions of the aging geometry are marked by two dimensionful parameters, eigenvalue $\\mathcal M$ of an internal coordinate and aging parameter $\\alpha$. We further perform systematic investigations on two-time response functions for general $d$ and $z$, and identify the growth exponent as a function of the scaling dimensions $\\Delta$ of the dual field theory operators and aging parameter $\\alpha$ in our theory. The initial growth exponent is only controlled by $\\Delta$, while its late time behavior by $\\alpha$ as well as $\\Delta$. These behaviors are separated by a time scale order of the waiting time. We attempt to make contact our results with some field theoretical growth models, such as Kim-Kosterlitz model at higher number of spatial dimensions $d$.

Seungjoon Hyun; Jaehoon Jeong; Bom Soo Kim

2013-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

72

HEU age determination  

SciTech Connect

A technique has been developed to determine the Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) Age which is defined as the time since the HEU was produced in an enrichment process. The HEU age is determined from the ratios of relevant uranium parents and their daughters viz {sup 230}Th/{sup 234}U and {sup 231}Pa/{sup 235}U. Uranium isotopes are quantitatively measured by their characteristic gammas and their daughters by alpha spectroscopy. In some of the samples where HEU is enriched more than 99%, the only mode of HEU age determination is by the measurement of {sup 231}Pa since there is negligible quantity of {sup 230}Th due to very low atom concentrations of {sup 234}U in the sample. In this paper we have presented data and methodology of finding the age of two HEU samples.

Moorthy, A.R.; Kato, W.Y.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Speech understanding and aging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing age of the population forecasts a corresponding increase in the number of people suffering from hearing loss and who therefore have difficulty with speech communication. This article

Working Group on Speech Understanding and Aging

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

HEU age determination  

SciTech Connect

A new technique has been developed to determine the age of highly enriched uranium (HEU) in solids. Uranium age is defined as the time since the uranium-containing material was last subjected to a process capable of separating uranium from its radioactive-decay daughters. [Most chemical processing, uranium enrichment, volatilization processes, and phase transformations (especially relevant for uranium hexafluoride) can result in separation of the uranium parent material from the decay-product daughters.] Determination of the uranium age, as defined here, may be relevant in verifying arms-control agreements involving uranium-containing nuclear weapons. The HEU age is determined from the ratios of relevant uranium daughter isotopes and their parents, viz {sup 230}Th/{sup 234}U and {sup 231}Pa/{sup 235}U. Uranium isotopes are quantitatively measured by their characteristic gamma rays and their daughters by alpha spectroscopy. In some of the samples, where HEU is enriched more than 99%, the only mode of HEU age determination is by the measurement of {sup 231}Pa since there is negligible quantity of {sup 230}Th due to very low atom concentrations of {sup 234}U in the samples. In this report the methodology and the data for determining the age of two HEU samples are presented.

Moorthy, A.R.; Kato, W.Y.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Aging and PBX 9502  

SciTech Connect

Components made from PBX 9502, an insensitive high explosive formulated with triaminotrinitrobenzene (TATB) and Kel-F 800 binder, have been in service for nearly two decades. Since that time, samples have been destructively evaluated to determine if potential changes that might affect safety, reliability, or performance have occurred in the high explosive with time. Data from routine, historical testing is reported elsewhere. This paper focuses on specific tests conducted to evaluate the effects of natural aging on handling sensitivity (through the small-scale tests of Human Electrostatic Discharge, friction, and Drop Weight Impact), compressive strength, and thermal ignition. Also reported are the effects of a radiation environment on TATB. Small-scale sensitivity tests show no differences between aged and unaged material. Observed differences in compressive strength behavior are attributed to conditions of original material rather than aging effects. Thermal ignition by flame and laser methods showed no changes between aged and unaged material. Extreme levels of radiation are shown to have only minimal effects in explosive response tests. PBX 9502 is concluded, once again, to be a very stable material, aging gracefully.

Skidmore, C.B.; Idar, D.J.; Buntain, G.A.; Son, S.F.; Sander, R.K.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

76

HEU age determination  

SciTech Connect

A criteria that a sample of highly enriched uranium (HEU) had come from a weapons stockpile and not newly produced in an enrichment plant is to show that the HEU had been produced a significant time in the past. The time since the HEU has produced in an enrichment plant is defined as the age of the HEU in this paper. The HEU age is determined by measuring quantitatively the daughter products {sup 230}Th and {sup 231}Pa of {sup 234}U and {sup 235}U, respectively, by first chemical separation of the thorium and protactinium and then conducting alpha spectrometry of the daughter products.

Moorthy, A.R.; Kato, W.Y.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

77

Aging in fragile X syndrome  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

intensified the need for aging studies in FXS. Approximatelywe have surveyed all of the aging patients with FXS that wemedical complications of aging seen in those with FXS. Data

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

A Review of Equipment Aging Theory and Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reviews the theory and technology of equipment aging particularly as they relate to the qualification of safety-system equipment for nuclear power generating stations.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

PROPOSAL Characterization of Field and Lab Aged Cables  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DoE Peer Review Nov 2010 2 * Underground cable system infrastructure is complex and aging. * Failures are increasing * If not addressed then old infrastructure will not support...

80

Aging in community  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Baby Boomers are on the brink of retirement. According to U.S. Census Bureau projections, the number of people aged 65 and over will more than double in the coming decades, growing from 35 million in 2000 to 72 million in ...

Fay, Justin (Justin Thomas)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "age excludes systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

3, 435467, 2007 Gas age-ice age  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the ice phase (using volcanic horizons) and in the gas phase (using rapid methane variations). We useCPD 3, 435­467, 2007 Gas age-ice age differences along the EPICA cores L. Loulergue et al. Title of the Past New constraints on the gas age-ice age difference along the EPICA ice cores, 0­50 kyr L. Loulergue

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

82

ON THE AGE AND BINARITY OF FOMALHAUT  

SciTech Connect

The nearby (d = 7.7 pc) A3V star Fomalhaut is orbited by a resolved dusty debris disk and a controversial candidate extrasolar planet. The commonly cited age for the system (200 {+-} 100 Myr) from Barrado y Navascues et al. relied on a combination of isochronal age plus youth indicators for the K4V common proper-motion system TW PsA. TW PsA is 1.{sup 0}96 away from Fomalhaut and was first proposed as a companion by Luyten, but the physicality of the binarity is worth testing with modern data. I demonstrate that TW PsA is unequivocally a physical stellar companion to Fomalhaut, with true separation 0.280{sup +0.019}{sub -.012} pc (57.4{sup +3.9}{sub -2.5} kAU) and sharing velocities within 0.1 {+-} 0.5 km s{sup -1}-consistent with being a bound system. Hence, TW PsA should be considered 'Fomalhaut B'. Combining modern H-R diagram constraints with four sets of evolutionary tracks, and assuming the star was born with protosolar composition, I estimate a new isochronal age for Fomalhaut of 450 {+-} 40 Myr and mass of 1.92 {+-} 0.02 M{sub Sun }. Various stellar youth diagnostics are re-examined for TW PsA. The star's rotation, X-ray emission, and Li abundances are consistent with approximate ages of 410, 380, and 360 Myr, respectively, yielding a weighted mean age of 400 {+-} 70 Myr. Combining the independent ages, I estimate a mean age for the Fomalhaut-TW PsA binary of 440 {+-} 40 Myr. The older age implies that substellar companions of a given mass are approximately 1 mag fainter at IR wavelengths than previously assumed.

Mamajek, Eric E., E-mail: emamajek@ctio.noao.edu [Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, Casilla 603, La Serena (Chile)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Cable Aging Management Training Course for Low-Voltage Cables  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The "EPRI PSE Cable Aging Training Course for Low-Voltage Cables" provides a basis for understanding of the aging of the insulation and jackets of electrical cables used in low-voltage systems. Practical techniques for determining which cables are prone to premature aging and for evaluating their condition are described. The course contains 11 modules. The first 9 modules describe the body of the cable aging management process. The last two modules, "Cable Failure Assessment" and "Performing a Walkdown o...

2003-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

84

Invited Article Aging male  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Now a day, tremendous development of medicine, change of living environment, housing accommodation computer have led to extension of human life expectancy. The population of 60 years old up will increase from 328 millions in years 1990 to 828 millions by years 2020 (united nation, 2001). In Thailand, the aged population will reach 7.6 millions by the year 2010 (11.4 % of total population). In aging male, the incidence of many non communicable diseases is increasing such as metabolic syndrome (DM, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and obesity), coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and disease of endothelial dysfunction. At the same time, the gradual decrease of several hormones, for instance, growth hormone, sex hormone, thyroid hormone; etc, also lead to hormonal imbalance which contributes to

Assoc Prof; Dr. Chanvit Kotheeranurak

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Automatic Age Estimation Based on Facial Aging Patterns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—While recognition of most facial variations, such as identity, expression, and gender, has been extensively studied, automatic age estimation has rarely been explored. In contrast to other facial variations, aging variation presents several unique characteristics which make age estimation a challenging task. This paper proposes an automatic age estimation method named AGES (AGing pattErn Subspace). The basic idea is to model the aging pattern, which is defined as the sequence of a particular individual’s face images sorted in time order, by constructing a representative subspace. The proper aging pattern for a previously unseen face image is determined by the projection in the subspace that can reconstruct the face image with minimum reconstruction error, while the position of the face image in that aging pattern will then indicate its age. In the experiments, AGES and its variants are compared with the limited existing age estimation methods (WAS and AAS) and some well-established classification methods (kNN, BP, C4.5, and SVM). Moreover, a comparison with human perception ability on age is conducted. It is interesting to note that the performance of AGES is not only significantly better than that of all the other algorithms, but also comparable to that of the human observers. Index Terms—Computer vision, pattern recognition, machine learning, face and gesture recognition, age estimation. 1

Xin Geng; Zhi-hua Zhou; Senior Member; Kate Smith-miles; Senior Member

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

The Age of the Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Globular clusters are the oldest objects in the Galaxy whose age may be accurately determined. As such globular cluster ages provide the best estimate for the age of the universe. The age of a globular cluster is determined by a comparison between theoretical stellar evolution models and observational data. Current uncertainties in the stellar models and age dating process are discussed in detail. The best estimate for the absolute age of the globular clusters is $14.6\\pm 1.7\\,$Gyr. The one-sided, 95\\% confidence limit on the lower age of the universe is $12.2\\,$Gyr.

Brian Chaboyer

1996-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

87

Aging and the labor market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is a collection of three essays analyzing the interplay between aging and the labor market. The first chapter demonstrates that differential treatment by age exists in labor markets and explores different ...

Lahey, Joanna

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Educational programs of the Texas AgriLife Extension Service are open to all people without regard to race, color, sex, disability, religion, age, or national origin. The Texas A&M University System, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the County Commissi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Educational programs of the Texas AgriLife Extension Service are open to all people without regard to race, color, sex, disability, religion, age, or national origin. The Texas A&M University System, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the County Commissioners Courts of Texas Cooperating. What is Walk Across

Wilkins, Neal

89

Mesoscopic fluctuations and intermittency in aging dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The configurational de-correlation in an aging system is attributed to irreversible intermittent rearrangements, which are described as a Poisson process with average $\\propto \\ln(1 + t/t_w)$, where $t$ is the observation time and $t_w$ is the age [P. Sibani and H.J. Jensen, Europhys. Lett. 69, 2005]. On this basis, we obtain a simple model for the off-equilibrium aging behavior of the autocorrelation: the average autocorrelation decays algebraically, and its shifted and rescaled probability density function (PDF) has a Gumbel-like shape which approaches a Gaussian at large times and becomes sharp in the thermodynamic limit. The model properties are tested against simulations of the Edwards-Anderson spin glass, and are in reasonable agreement with other available data.

Paolo Sibani

2005-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

90

Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Developing usable and robust mixed reality systems requires unique human–computer interaction techniques and customized hardware systems. The design of the hardware is directed by the requirements of the rich 3D interactions that can be performed using immersive mobile MR systems. Geometry modeling and capture, navigational annotations, visualizations, and training simulations are all enhanced using augmented computer graphics. We present the design guidelines that have led us through 10 years of evolving mobile outdoor MR hardware systems.

Benjamin Avery; Ross T. Smith; Wayne Piekarski; Bruce H. Thomas

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Aging and functional brain networks  

SciTech Connect

Aging is associated with changes in human brain anatomy and function and cognitive decline. Recent studies suggest the aging decline of major functional connectivity hubs in the 'default-mode' network (DMN). Aging effects on other networks, however, are largely unknown. We hypothesized that aging would be associated with a decline of short- and long-range functional connectivity density (FCD) hubs in the DMN. To test this hypothesis, we evaluated resting-state data sets corresponding to 913 healthy subjects from a public magnetic resonance imaging database using functional connectivity density mapping (FCDM), a voxelwise and data-driven approach, together with parallel computing. Aging was associated with pronounced long-range FCD decreases in DMN and dorsal attention network (DAN) and with increases in somatosensory and subcortical networks. Aging effects in these networks were stronger for long-range than for short-range FCD and were also detected at the level of the main functional hubs. Females had higher short- and long-range FCD in DMN and lower FCD in the somatosensory network than males, but the gender by age interaction effects were not significant for any of the networks or hubs. These findings suggest that long-range connections may be more vulnerable to aging effects than short-range connections and that, in addition to the DMN, the DAN is also sensitive to aging effects, which could underlie the deterioration of attention processes that occurs with aging.

Tomasi D.; Tomasi, D.; Volkow, N.D.

2011-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

92

Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings from the Energy Performance Requirements of Section 543 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act as Amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings from the Energy Performance Requirements of Section 543 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act as Amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 January 27, 2006 These guidelines and accompanying criteria fulfill the requirement under Section 543(c)(3) of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (NECPA) as amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT). Section 543(c)(3) states that the Secretary of Energy shall issue guidelines that establish criteria for exclusions from the energy performance requirement for a fiscal year, any Federal building or collection of Federal buildings, within the statutory framework provided by the law. The purpose of these guidelines is to clarify and explicate, as necessary, the statutory

93

Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings from the Energy Performance Requirements of Section 543 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act as Amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings from the Energy Performance Requirements of Section 543 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act as Amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 January 27, 2006 These guidelines and accompanying criteria fulfill the requirement under Section 543(c)(3) of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (NECPA) as amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT). Section 543(c)(3) states that the Secretary of Energy shall issue guidelines that establish criteria for exclusions from the energy performance requirement for a fiscal year, any Federal building or collection of Federal buildings, within the statutory framework provided by the law. The purpose of these guidelines is to clarify and explicate, as necessary, the statutory

94

Accelerated Aging of Roofing Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ohio CRRC, Arizona CRRC, Florida CRRC, Ohio 6 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Approach: develop accelerated aging method Accelerated soiling (atmospheric...

95

Understanding aging issues in Indonesia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study used combined methods of observations, interviews and document analysis to understand issues related to aging in Indonesia. The study describes relevant policy and… (more)

Napsiyah, Siti.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Aging memory and glassiness of a driven vortex , Guohong Li1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Aging memory and glassiness of a driven vortex system. Xu Du1 , Guohong Li1 , Eva Y. Andrei1 , M memory, aging and nonlinear-dynamics. Glasses[1-11], interfaces[12] and fractures are some examples[13 the deviation from equilibrium. After removing the force, the system ages with time and its subsequent response

Andrei, Eva Y.

97

Compare Activities by Building Age  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Activities by Building Age Activities by Building Age Compare Activities by ... Building Age Median Age of Building by Building Type Vacant buildings, retail stores (other than malls), and religious worship buildings tended to be the oldest buildings. Food sales buildings (which were predominantly convenience stores) and outpatient health care buildings were mainly newer buildings. Figure showing median age of building by building type. If you need assistance viewing this page, please call 202-586-8800. Specific questions may be directed to: Joelle Michaels joelle.michaels@eia.doe.gov CBECS Manager Release date: July 24, 2002 Page last modified: May 4, 2009 2:52 PM http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/archive/cbecs/pba99/compareage.html If you are having any technical problems with this site, please contact the EIA

98

The Age of the Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A minimum age of the universe can be estimated directly by determining the age of the oldest objects in the our Galaxy. These objects are the metal-poor stars in the halo of the Milky Way. Recent work on nucleochronology finds that the oldest stars are 15.2+/-3.7 Gyr old. White dwarf cooling curves have found a minimum age for the oldest stars of 8 Gyr. Currently, the best estimate for the age of the oldest stars is based upon the absolute magnitude of the main sequence turn-off in globular clusters. The oldest globular clusters are 11.5+/-1.3 Gyr old, implying a minimum age of the universe of t_universe > 9.5 Gyr (95% confidence level).

Brian Chaboyer

1998-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

99

The Aging Workforce and Paid Time Off  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Aging Workforce and Paid Time Off Draft 07/08/09 Gilliana matter of the workforce aging as the population ages. Thephysical changes with aging that can affect performance. 10

Lester, Gillian

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Gentrifying geriatrics : challenging design paradigms for the aged and aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Internationally the world is undergoing a grey revolution, with the average age of the human population being higher than it has ever been before. Within the U.S. context this trend is driven by the Baby Boomers, the 80 ...

Van der Linde, Gerhard J. (Gerhard Johan)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "age excludes systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Ageing research going places Strategic Promotion of Ageing Research Capacity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is heavily in uenced by many kinds of computer systems ranging from simple systems, e.g. for modern kitchen aids and TV-sets, to more complicated systems, such as phone services, to complex systems as used

de Gispert, Adrià

102

Plants of the Coal Age  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Coal Age Nature Bulletin No. 330-A February 1, 1969 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation PLANTS OF THE COAL...

103

The age of the universe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An overview of the current controversy on the age of the universe is presented. It is shown that the age of the oldest star, globular clusters, yields an age estimate of approximately 14 {+-} 2 {+-} 2 Gyr (where the first {+-} is statistical and the second systematic, and the two should {ital not} be added in quadrature), with a firm lower bound of {ge} 10 Gyr. It is shown how radioactive dating, nucleocosmochronology, also yields a firm lower bound of {approx_gt} 10 Gyr. The currently favored values for the Hubble constant, when converted to ages using a cosmological model with zero cosmological constant, are shown {ital not} to be in conflict with statistical and systematic uncertainties at the present time when one takes both into account, even for critical density universes. 25 refs. , 3 figs., 1 tab.

Schramm, D.N.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Aging and the prostate gland  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aging and the prostate gland Name: Bobby Lee Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: It seems that as males get older, it takes longer for them to begin urination. Why is...

105

Control Relay Aging Management Guideline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The concept for this report came from the concern that many control relays have been in service for an extended period of time and an effective aging management program may not be in place for these relays. In addition, recent Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO) data indicate that relays are one of the leading component types causing scrams. With control relay age increasing and relays being a significant contributor to scrams, an evaluation of control relay maintenance and replacement strategie...

2011-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

106

Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Managing Aging Effects Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended Long-Term Storage and Transportation of Used Fuel Rev. 0 Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy Used Fuel Disposition Campaign O.K. Chopra, D. Diercks, R. Fabian, D. Ma, V. Shah, S-W Tam, and Y.Y. Liu Argonne National Laboratory June 30, 2012 FCRD-USED-2012-000119 ANL-12/29 DISCLAIMER This information was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the U.S. Government. Neither the U.S. Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness, of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately

107

Nuclear power plant Generic Aging Lessons Learned (GALL). Appendix B  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this generic aging lessons learned (GALL) review is to provide a systematic review of plant aging information in order to assess materials and component aging issues related to continued operation and license renewal of operating reactors. Literature on mechanical, structural, and thermal-hydraulic components and systems reviewed consisted of 97 Nuclear Plant Aging Research (NPAR) reports, 23 NRC Generic Letters, 154 Information Notices, 29 Licensee Event Reports (LERs), 4 Bulletins, and 9 Nuclear Management and Resources Council Industry Reports (NUMARC IRs) and literature on electrical components and systems reviewed consisted of 66 NPAR reports, 8 NRC Generic Letters, 111 Information Notices, 53 LERs, 1 Bulletin, and 1 NUMARC IR. More than 550 documents were reviewed. The results of these reviews were systematized using a standardized GALL tabular format and standardized definitions of aging-related degradation mechanisms and effects. The tables are included in volume s 1 and 2 of this report. A computerized data base has also been developed for all review tables and can be used to expedite the search for desired information on structures, components, and relevant aging effects. A survey of the GALL tables reveals that all ongoing significant component aging issues are currently being addressed by the regulatory process. However, the aging of what are termed passive components has been highlighted for continued scrutiny. This report consists of Volume 2, which consists of the GALL literature review tables for the NUMARC Industry Reports reviewed for the report.

Kasza, K.E.; Diercks, D.R.; Holland, J.W.; Choi, S.U. [and others

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Crossover of aging dynamics in polymer glass: from cumulative aging to non-cumulative aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aging behavior of polymer glass, poly(methyl methacrylate), has been investigated through the measurement of ac dielectric susceptibility ata fixed frequency after a temperature shift $\\Delta T$ ($\\le $ 20 K)between two temperatures, $T_1$ and $T_2$. A crossover from cumulative aging to non-cumulative aging could be observed with increasing $\\Delta T$ using a twin temperature ($T$-) shift measurement. Based on a growth law of a dynamical coherent length given by activated dynamics, we obtained a unique coherent length for positive and negative $T$-shifts. The possibility of the existence of temperature chaos in polymer glasses is discussed.

Koji Fukao; Sinpei Yamawaki

2008-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

109

Why could ice ages be unpredictable?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is commonly accepted that the variations of Earth's orbit and obliquity control the timing of Pleistocene glacial-interglacial cycles. Evidence comes from power spectrum analysis of palaeoclimate records and from inspection of the timing of glacial and deglacial transitions. However, we do not know how tight this control is. Is it, for example, conceivable that random climatic fluctuations could cause a delay in deglaciation, bad enough to skip a full precession or obliquity cycle and subsequently modify the sequence of ice ages? To address this question, seven previously published conceptual models of ice ages are analysed by reference to the notion of generalised synchronisation. Insight is being gained by comparing the effects of the astronomical forcing with idealised forcings composed of only one or two periodic components. In general, the richness of the astronomical forcing allows for synchronisation over a wider range of parameters, compared to periodic forcing. Hence, glacial cycles may conceivably have remained paced by the astronomical forcing throughout the Pleistocene. However, all the models examined here also show a range of parameters for which the structural stability of the ice age dynamics is weak. This means that small variations in parameters or random fluctuations may cause significant shifts in the succession of ice ages if the system were effectively in that parameter range. Whether or not the system has strong structural stability depends on the amplitude of the effects associated with the astronomical forcing, which significantly differ across the different models studied here. The possibility of synchronisation on eccentricity is also discussed and it is shown that a high Rayleigh number on eccentricity, as recently found in observations, is no guarantee of reliable synchronisation.

Michel Crucifix

2013-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

110

Recommendations for the treatment of aging in standard technical specifications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s Nuclear Plant Aging Research Program, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) evaluated the standard technical specifications for nuclear power plants to determine whether the current surveillance requirements (SRs) were effective in detecting age-related degradation. Nuclear Plant Aging Research findings for selected systems and components were reviewed to identify the stressors and operative aging mechanisms and to evaluate the methods available to detect, differentiate, and trend the resulting aging degradation. Current surveillance and testing requirements for these systems and components were reviewed for their effectiveness in detecting degraded conditions and for potential contributions to premature degradation. When the current surveillance and testing requirements appeared ineffective in detecting aging degradation or potentially could contribute to premature degradation, a possible deficiency in the SRs was identified that could result in undetected degradation. Based on this evaluation, PNL developed recommendations for inspection, surveillance, trending, and condition monitoring methods to be incorporated in the SRs to better detect age- related degradation of these selected systems and components.

Orton, R.D.; Allen, R.P.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

A Concatenational Graph Evolution Aging Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modeling the long-term face aging process is of great importance for face recognition and animation, but there is a lack of sufficient long-term face aging sequences for model learning. To address this problem, we propose a CONcatenational GRaph Evolution ... Keywords: Aging,Face,Active appearance model,Correlation,Computational modeling,Data models,Muscles,ANOVA,Face aging,aging model evaluation,long-term aging,short-term aging

Jinli Suo; Xilin Chen; Shiguang Shan; Wen Gao; Qionghai Dai

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Civilian Radioactive Waste Management System Requirements Document...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Management System Requirements Document More Documents & Publications Transportation, Aging and Disposal Canister System Performance Specification: Revision 1 FY 2007 Total...

113

.. — AGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This document is available to the public through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The United States Government assumes no liability for its contents or use thereof. * x.. 2.Gowrnmeti Aecn-io ” Mo. TPPUMICAI..... RFPOUTS. TANOARDTITIEP

V. A. Orlando; P. R. Drouilhet; Petitmins Orptiztion Mamandaddru; Proj Tqo; S-r Ag*mcv Mwoamrw

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Electric charge fluctuations in central Pb+Pb collisions at 20, 30, 40, 80 and 158 AGeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results are presented on event-by-event electric charge fluctuations in central Pb+Pb collisions at 20, 30, 40, 80 and 158 AGeV. The observed fluctuations are close to those expected for a gas of pions correlated by global charge conservation only. These fluctuations are considerably larger than those calculated for an ideal gas of deconfined quarks and gluons. The present measurements do not necessarily exclude reduced fluctuations from a quark-gluon plasma because these might be masked by contributions from resonance decays.

NA49 Collaboration

2004-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

115

Aging Studies of VCE Dismantlement Returns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

VCE is an ethylene/vinyl acetate/vinyl alcohol terpolymer binder for filled elastomers which is designed to accept high filler loadings. Filled elastomer parts consist of the binder (VCE), a curing agent (Hylene MP, diphenol-4-4{prime}-methylenebis(phenylcarbamate)), a processing aid (LS, lithium stearate), and filler particles (typically 70% fraction by weight). The curing of the filled elastomer parts occurs from the heat-activated reaction between the hydroxyl groups of VCE with the Hylene MP curing agent, resulting in a cross-linked network. The final vinyl acetate content is typically between 34.9 and 37.9%, while the vinyl alcohol content is typically between 1.27 and 1.78%. Surveillance data for this material is both scarce and scattered, complicating the assessment of any aging trends in systems. In addition, most of the initial surveillance efforts focused on mechanical properties such as hardness and tensile strength, and chemical information is therefore lacking. Material characterization and aging studies had been performed on previous formulations of the VCE material but the Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA) starting copolymer is no longer commercially available. New formulations with replacement EVA materials are currently being established and will require characterization as well as updated aging models.

Letant, S; Alviso, C; Pearson, M; Albo, R; Small, W; Wilson, T; Chinn, S; Maxwell, R

2011-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

116

Accelerated Aging of Roofing Surfaces  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accelerated aging of roofing surfaces Accelerated aging of roofing surfaces Hugo Destaillats, Ph.D. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory HDestaillats@LBL.gov (510) 486-5897 http://HeatIsland.LBL.gov April 4, 2013 Development of Advanced Building Envelope Surface Materials & Integration of Artificial Soiling and Weathering in a Commercial Weatherometer New York Times, 30 July 2009 2010 2012 Challenge: speed the development of high performance building envelope materials that resist soiling, maintain high solar reflectance, and save energy 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov

117

Phenomenology of ageing in the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study ageing during surface growth processes described by the one-dimensional Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation. Starting from a flat initial state, the systems undergo simple ageing in both correlators and linear responses and its dynamical scaling is characterised by the ageing exponents a=-1/3, b=-2/3, lambda_C=lambda_R=1 and z=3/2. The form of the autoresponse scaling function is well described by the recently constructed logarithmic extension of local scale-invariance.

Malte Henkel; Jae Dong Noh; Michel Pleimling

2011-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

118

Fracture, aging and disease in bone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and R. O. Ritchie: Effect of aging on the toughness of humanof microstructure in the aging-related deterioration of thestudy of the effect of aging on human cortical bone J.

Ager, J.W.; Balooch, G.; Ritchie, R.O.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Elucidating mechanisms of accelerated neurological aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C. (2005). Mechanisms of aging in senescence- accelerated2.2 Strain-specific aging gene-expression profiles…………………..C. (2005). Mechanisms of aging in senescence-accelerated

Greenhall, Jennifer Anne

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Telomere lengthening to antagonize myocardial aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

targets to antagonize the aging phenotype. FIGURES Figureday Pim-wt. Figure 2.2: Cellular aging markers over time. A.stem cell and myocyte aging, heart failure, and insulin-like

Cottage, Christopher Travis; Cottage, Christopher Travis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "age excludes systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Aging and weathering of cool roofing membranes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and L.S. Rose. 2002. “Aging of reflective roofs: sootAging and Weathering of Cool Roofing Membranes HashemNRC), Canada ABSTRACT Aging and weathering can reduce the

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Aging of Tetrahedral Structure in a Lennard-Jones Glass1 Gianguido C. CIANCI2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging of Tetrahedral Structure in a Lennard-Jones Glass1 Gianguido C. CIANCI2 and Eric R. WEEKS3,4 Summary We study the aging of a glassy Lennard-Jones binary mixture with molecular dy- namics simulations. We follow the evolution of the packing as a function of the system's age tw, the time passed since

Weeks, Eric R.

123

Analyses of humanchimpanzee orthologous gene pairs to explore evolutionary hypotheses of aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analyses of human­chimpanzee orthologous gene pairs to explore evolutionary hypotheses of aging Joa Abstract Compared to chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), the onset of aging appears to be delayed in the human acting on genes associated with aging in different model systems, which allowed us to explore

Church, George M.

124

Aging of reflective roofs: soot deposition  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aging of reflective roofs: soot deposition Title Aging of reflective roofs: soot deposition Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2002 Authors Berdahl, Paul, Hashem...

125

Project: Early-Age Performance of Concrete  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... at the international workshop "Micro-structure, setting and aging of cement ... Solution Chemistry and Phase Evolution in Early-Age Concrete Materials ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

126

Aging, phase ordering and conformal invariance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a variety of systems which exhibit aging, the two-time response function scales as $R(t,s)\\approx s^{-1-a} f(t/s)$. We argue that dynamical scaling can be extended towards conformal invariance, obtaining thus the explicit form of the scaling function $f$. This quantitative prediction is confirmed in several spin systems, both for $T

Malte Henkel; Michel Pleimling; Claude Godreche; Jean-Marc Luck

2001-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

127

Effects of Pre-Aging Condition on Multi-Step Aging Behavior in Al ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

However, it is not clear the “multi-step aging” behavior such as pre-aging, natural aging and final aging. In this study, four alloys containing 0.6~1.0mass%Mg ...

128

Evaluation Ratings Definitions (Excluding Utilization of Small...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(WOSB), HUBZone small business, veteran-owned small business (VOSB) and service disabled veteran owned small business (SDVOSB). Complied with FAR 52.219-8, Utilization of...

129

working lunch menus prices excludes VAT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cheese and biscuits with dried apricot and a fresh grape garnish » stuffed organic peppers with cream

130

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Categorically Excluded...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Used to Access Groundwater Monitoring Wells South of the Tuba City, Arizona, Uranium Mill Tailing Remedial Action (UMTRA) Title I Ste 05282013 B1.3 LM-01-13 Current and Future...

131

An assessment of fire vulnerability for aged electrical relays  

SciTech Connect

There has been some concern that, as nuclear power plants age, protective measures taken to control and minimize the impact of fire may become ineffective, or significantly less effective, and hence result in an increased fire risk. One objective of the Fire Vulnerability of Aged Electrical Components Program is to assess the effects of aging and service wear on the fire vulnerability of electrical equipment. An increased fire vulnerability of components may lead to an overall increase in fire risk to the plant. Because of their widespread use in various electrical safety systems, electromechanical relays were chosen to be the initial components for evaluation. This test program assessed the impact of operational and thermal aging on the vulnerability of these relays to fire-induced damage. Only thermal effects of a fire were examined in this test program. The impact of smoke, corrosive materials, or fire suppression effects on relay performance were not addressed in this test program. The purpose of this test program was to assess whether the fire vulnerability of electrical relays increased with aging. The sequence followed for the test program was to: identify specific relay types, develop three fire scenarios, artificially age several relays, test the unaged and aged relays in the fire exposure scenarios, and compare the results. The relays tested were Agastat GPI, General Electric (GE) HMA, HGA, and HFA. At least two relays of each type were artificially aged and at least two relays of each type were new. Relays were operationally aged by cycling the relay under rated load for 2,000 operations. These relays were then thermally aged for 60 days with their coil energized.

Vigil, R.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)]|[Science and Engineering Associates, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Nowlen, S.P. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Learning long term face aging patterns from partially dense aging databases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studies on face aging are handicapped by lack of long term dense aging sequences for model training. To handle this problem, we propose a new face aging model, which learns long term face aging patterns from partially dense aging databases. The learning strategy is based on two assumptions: (i) short term face aging pattern is relatively simple and is possible to be learned from currently available databases; (ii) long term face aging is a continuous and smooth Markov process. Adopting a compositional face representation, our aging algorithm learns a function-based short term aging model from real aging sequences to infer facial parameters within a short age span. Based on the predefined smoothness criteria between two overlapping short term aging patterns, we concatenate these learned short term aging patterns to build the long term aging patterns. Both the subjective assessment and objective evaluations of synthetic aging sequences validate the effectiveness of the proposed model. 1.

Jinli Suo; Xilin Chen; Shiguang Shan; Wen Gao

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Acoustic Analysis of Adult Speaker Age  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information about the age of the speaker is always present in speech. It is used as perceptual cues to age by human listeners, and can be measured acoustically and used by automatic age estimators. This chapter offers an introduction to the phonetic ... Keywords: Acoustic analysis, Acoustic correlates, Phonetics, Speaker age

Susanne Schötz

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Metabolic reprogramming, caloric restriction and aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metabolic reprogramming, caloric restriction and aging Rozalyn M. Anderson1,2,3 and Richard) without malnutrition slows the aging process and extends lifespan in diverse species by unknown mechanisms of aging retardation. We herein describe common signatures of CR and suggest how they can slow aging. We

Sheridan, Jennifer

135

Aging in attraction-driven colloidal glasses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging in an attraction-driven colloidal glass is studied by computer simulations. The system is equilibrated without attraction and instantaneously ``quenched'', at constant colloid volume fraction, to one of two states beyond the glass transition; one is close to the transition, and the other one deep in the glass. The evolution of structural properties shows that bonds form in the system, increasing the local density, creating density deficits (holes) elsewhere. This process slows down with the time elapsed since the quench. As a consequence of bond formation, there is a slowing down of the dynamics, as measured by the mean squared displacement and the density, bond, and environment correlation functions. The density correlations can be time-rescaled to collapse their long time (structural) decay. The time scale for structural relaxation shows for both quenches a super-linear dependence on waiting time; it grows faster than the bond lifetime, showing the collective origin of the transition. At long waiting times and high attraction strength, we observe {\\rem completely} arrested dynamics for more than three decades in time, although individual bonds are not permanent on this time scale. The localization length decreases as the state moves deeper in the glass; the non-ergodicity parameter oscillates in phase with the structure factor. Our main results are obtained for systems with a barrier in the pair potential that inhibits phase separation. However, when this barrier is removed for the case of a deep quench, we find changes in the static structure but almost none in the dynamics. Hence our results for the aging behavior remain relevant to experiments in which the glass transition competes with phase separation.

Antonio M. Puertas; Matthias Fuchs; Michael E. Cates

2006-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

136

Aging of Pentaerythritol Tetranitrate (PETN)  

SciTech Connect

Pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) is a relatively sensitive explosive used in many electroexplosive devices as well as in medicine. Of primary interest to LLNL is its use in items such as exploding bridgewire (EBW) detonators and exploding bridge foil initiators (EFI). In these devices the crystalline powder is pressed into a granular, low-density compact that can be initiated by an exploding wire or foil. The long-term stability of this pressed compact is of interest to weapon stockpile lifetime prediction studies. Key points about potential aging mechanisms can be summarized as follows: (1) There are a number of factors that can contribute to PETN instability. These include particle size, polymorphic phase transitions, crystal structure, impurities, moisture, occlusions, chemical incompatibility and biological (microorganism) action. of these factors the most important for long-term aging of high surface area powders used in detonators appears to be that of particle size growth. (2) There is a great deal of literature on the thermal degradation kinetics of PETN, unfortunately much of it with little bearing on ambient temperature aging during long-term storage. PETN is very stable with respect to thermal decomposition. Low-temperature thermal studies have not revealed evidence of chemical degradation products in archived PETN. Data extrapolated to 30 C predicts a half-life of 12 million years. (3) Moisture seems to lower the activation energy for and accelerate the decomposition of PETN. (4) External drivers affecting stability include temperature, moisture, radiation fields, and stress, while internal drivers include residual solvents, and impurities. Temperature affects kinetic processes of crystal growth such as adsorption, desorption, and diffusion rates of molecules on the surface of PETN crystals. A low-level radiation field may induce unexpected changes in the chemical makeup of PETN and its homologue impurities. Stress at high pressure points caused by crystalline surface irregularities may cause a decrease in surface area over time due to smoothing of contact points and sintering. PETN has been found to contain a number of impurities, including homologues, pentaerythryl ethers with a mixture of hydroxyl and nitrate functional groups, and organic salts, that can alter its physical and chemical properties. (5) The processes of sublimation/recrystallization and surface diffusion are important processes that can cause changes in PETN crystal morphology, particle size distribution and specific surface area. Sublimation feeds a process called Ostwald ripening, which involves the spontaneous growth of larger crystals from those of smaller size. This process proceeds with age regardless of storage conditions unless the crystals are treated to retard growth. The coarsening mechanisms include Ostwald ripening, 'sintering', and surface diffusion. The latter has not been experimentally observed, but a molecular modeling approach has attempted to investigate this phenomenon theoretically. (6) Threshold test fire, particle size distribution, specific surface area, thermal analysis, chemical analysis, powder compact specific surface area and density are approaches that have been used in the attempt to assess changes attributable to aging of PETN, with varying results. The biggest problem lies in the aging mechanism itself, which likely influences small changes in morphology, both internal and external, and particle size distribution changes on a scale too small to reliably monitor. Other aspects, such as subtle changes in density profiles within pressed powder compacts, may be beyond the capability of current technology to assess. Crystal growth significant enough to affect the PETN particle size distribution is expected to impact detonator performance. (7) Factors relevant to stabilizing particle size growth include crystal morphology, powder surface area and particle size distribution; crystal density and internal defects; and powder compact density and density gradients.

Foltz, M F

2009-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

137

Age-based preventive maintenance for passive components submitted to stress corrosion cracking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with an age-based preventive maintenance for critical systems or structures subject to a gradual degradation phenomenon such as stress corrosion cracking. We analyze a system subjected to different cracks. A crack can be only detected ... Keywords: Age-based maintenance, Counting processes, Gamma process, Non-homogeneous Poisson process, SCC models

I. T. Castro; Anne Barros; Antoine Grall

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Neural Effects of Beta Amyloid in Normal Aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

age   categories.  Neurobiol  Aging  1997;  18:  351-­?7.  JK,  McIntosh  AR.  Aging  gracefully:  compensatory  B.  The  effect  of  normal  aging  on  the  coupling  of  

Mormino, Elizabeth Charlotte

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Aging discrepancies of white spruce affect the interpretation of static age structure in boreal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NOTE Aging discrepancies of white spruce affect the interpretation of static age structure. Our objectives were to determine whether ground-level ring counts underestimate root collar age of understory P. glauca and whether aging errors increase with stand age. Trees were collected from one to nine

Macdonald, Ellen

140

Aging phenomena in polystyrene thin films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aging behavior is investigated for thin films of atactic polystyrene through measurements of complex electric capacitance. During isothermal aging process the real part of the electric capacitance increases with aging time, while the imaginary part decreases with aging time. This result suggests that the aging time dependence of the real and imaginary parts are mainly associated with change in thickness and dielectric permittivity, respectively. In thin films, the thickness depends on thermal history of aging even above the glass transition. Memory and `rejuvenation' effects are also observed in the thin films.

Koji Fukao; Hiroki Koizumi

2008-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "age excludes systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Age spreads in clusters and associations: the lithium test  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the evidence that several low-mass stars (lithium abundances well below the interstellar value. Due to time-dependent depletion, our result implies stellar ages greater than ~5 Myr, suggesting that star formation has been proceeding for a long time in these systems.

Francesco Palla; Sofia Randich

2004-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

142

Liquid metal cooled nuclear reactor plant system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid metal cooled nuclear reactor having a passive cooling system for removing residual heat resulting for fuel decay during reactor shutdown, or heat produced during a mishap. The reactor system is enhanced with sealing means for excluding external air from contact with the liquid metal coolant leaking from the reactor vessel during an accident. The invention also includes a silo structure which resists attack by leaking liquid metal coolant, and an added unique cooling means.

Hunsbedt, Anstein (Los Gatos, CA); Boardman, Charles E. (Saratoga, CA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

(COPVs) Materials Aging Issues - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three aspects of COPV aging were considered; the age life of the Kevlar overwrap, the fatigue life of the titanium liner and the stress rupture life of the combined ...

144

CREEP BEHAVIOR AND PHYSICAL AGING INFLUENCE IN ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CREEP BEHAVIOR AND PHYSICAL AGING INFLUENCE IN PEN FILM. ML Cerrada, GB McKenna. Structure and Mechanics ...

145

PHYSICAL AGING OF PLASTICIZED POLYMER GLASS. WH ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PHYSICAL AGING OF PLASTICIZED POLYMER GLASS. WH Han and GB McKenna, Polymers Division, Building 224, Room ...

146

Features, Events, and Processes: system Level  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this analysis report is to evaluate and document the inclusion or exclusion of the system-level features, events, and processes (FEPs) with respect to modeling used to support the total system performance assessment for the license application (TSPA-LA). A screening decision, either Included or Excluded, is given for each FEP along with the technical basis for screening decisions. This information is required by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) at 10 CFR 63.113 (d, e, and f) (DIRS 156605). The system-level FEPs addressed in this report typically are overarching in nature, rather than being focused on a particular process or subsystem. As a result, they are best dealt with at the system level rather than addressed within supporting process-level or subsystem-level analyses and models reports. The system-level FEPs also tend to be directly addressed by regulations, guidance documents, or assumptions listed in the regulations; or are addressed in background information used in development of the regulations. For included FEPs, this analysis summarizes the implementation of the FEP in the TSPA-LA (i.e., how the FEP is included). For excluded FEPs, this analysis provides the technical basis for exclusion from the TSPA-LA (i.e., why the FEP is excluded). The initial version of this report (Revision 00) was developed to support the total system performance assessment for site recommendation (TSPA-SR). This revision addresses the license application (LA) FEP List (DIRS 170760).

D. McGregor

2004-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

147

Statistical aging analysis with process variation consideration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As CMOS devices become smaller, process and aging variations become a major issue for circuit reliability and yield. In this paper, we analyze the effects of process variations on aging effects such as hot carrier injection (HCI) and negative bias temperature ... Keywords: HCI, NBTI, aging variation, process variation, reliability

Sangwoo Han; Joohee Choung; Byung-Su Kim; Bong Hyun Lee; Hungbok Choi; Juho Kim

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Health Studies: Aging Services Bachelor of Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Health Studies: Aging Services Bachelor of Science 201213 Degree Map First Year Fall Winter,2 4 PHE 456 4 PHE 410 Business of Aging 4 PHE 454 4 PHE 443 4 SOC 469 or PSY 462 4 PHE PHE 450 4 BA 306, BA 316, or BA 326 4 Senior Capstone 6 SP 447 or PHE 410 Families & Aging

Bertini, Robert L.

149

Careers in Aging Annual Southeastern Student  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Careers in Aging The 23rd Annual Southeastern Student Mentoring Conference in Gerontology and Geriatrics Keynote Addresses and Poster Abstracts Edited by Christina Barmon #12;2 Careers in Aging The 23rd. This year's conference theme, "Careers in Aging," attracted one of the largest most diverse groups

Arnold, Jonathan

150

Health Studies: Aging Services Bachelor of Arts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Health Studies: Aging Services Bachelor of Arts 201213 Degree Map First Year Fall Winter PHE 410 Business of Aging 4 PHE 454 4 PHE 456 4 PHE 425 4 PHE 443 4 PHE Approved Elective Capstone 6 SOC 469 or PSY 462 4 SP 447 or PHE 410 Families & Aging 4 PHE Approved Elective 4 PHE

Bertini, Robert L.

151

Kinetics of PBX9404 Aging  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

PBX 9404 is an early formulation of HMX from which we can learn about the effects of aging in the weapons stockpile. Of particular interest is the presence of 3% nitrocellulose in PBX 9404 as an energetic binder. Nitrocellulose is used pervasively in smokeless gunpowders and was formerly used extensively in the film and art preservation industries. It is well known that nitrocellulose decomposes autocatalytically, and stabilizers, such as the diphenylamine used in PBX 9404, are used to retard its decomposition. Even so, its lifetime is still limited, and the reactions eventually leading to catastrophic autocatalysis are still not understood well despite years of work. In addition to reducing the available energy in the explosive, degradation of nitrocellulose affects the mechanical properties of the pressed PBX 9404 parts by the associated reduction in molecular weight, which reduces the strength of the binder. A structural formula for a monomer of the nitrocellulose used in PBX 9404 is shown. The initial nitration level is 2.3 of 3.0 possible sites, and they have different reactivities. Degradation of nitrocellulose affects many properties. As an aid in examining historical chemical analysis data, several measures of degradation are given for the simple replacement of a nitro group with a hydrogen. The weight percent of nitrocellulose remaining for an initial concentration of 3% as used in PBX 9404 is also given. Of course, the real degradation reaction is more complicated, including chain scission and crosslinking reactions giving other gas species. During the course of this work, we spent considerable time addressing the question, ''Why is PBX 9404 blue?'' There was actually considerable controversy in the color evolution with aging, and the situation was clarified by Ben Richardson at Pantex. Workers there assured us that PBX 9404 starts with an ivory color. Drying the prill prior to pressing turns it a mottled blue, and well-preserved prill samples retain a blue color decades after formulation. Subsequently, heat and light both send it through a progression of colors from grayish blue, blue-green, green, brown, dirty yellow, mottled tan, and eventually pale tan. The progression is accelerated by oxygen and possibly moisture, as has been shown in several accelerated aging studies. The precise compounds causing the color evolution are uncertain, but they are undoubtedly a progression of quinoidal, nitroso, and nitrated DPA compounds. For example, paranitroso DPA is deep blue. Unfortunately, the location of various nitrated DPAs, which ranged from yellow to orange to red to brown and which were used by Pantex as analytical standards in the 1970s, is not currently known. While the color change is indicative of aging, it is by no means a quantitative measure of the extent of nitrocellulose degradation. Inspection of the literature yielded a variety of kinetic models, and the activation energy typically ranges from 25-35 kcal/mol for T<100 C. This literature qualitatively predicts times for 30% decomposition ranging from a few days at 100 C to 1-2 years at 50 C to 50 years at room temperature. To develop a quantitative model, we used the data of Leider and Seaton, which were collected at conditions most closely matching stockpile conditions for any data set we had available. They used PBX 9404 heated as pressed pellets in closed vessels at temperatures ranging from 50 to 100 C for times up to three years, and they report mass loss, gas yield and composition, and chemical analysis of the residual solid by methods used in stockpile surveillance. Initial kinetic analysis of the weight of remaining nitrocellulose as measured by liquid chromatography and the loss of nitrate esters by a colorimetric technique gave an activation energy of 27 kcal/mol. However, the reaction is complex due to the different stability of the three nitroester positions, and this complexity required either parallel first-order reactions or an nth-order reaction (n=3.6), which is mathematically equivalent to a Gamma distribution of frequency factors

Burnham, A K; Fried, L E

2006-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

152

Aging effects in simple models for glassy relaxation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging effects in the two-time correlation function and the response function after a quench from a high temperature to some low temperature are considered for a simple kinetic random energy model exhibiting stretched exponential relaxation. Because the system reaches thermal equilibrium for long times after the quench, all aging effect are of a transient nature. In particular, the violations of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem are considered and it is found that the relation between the response and the two-time correlation function depends on another function, the so-called asymmetry. This asymmetry vanishes in equilibrium but cannot be neglected in the aging regime. It is found that plots of the integrated response versus the correlation function are not applicable to quantify the violations of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem in this particular model. This fact has its origin in the absence of a scaling form of the correlation.

Gregor Diezemann

2006-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

153

A U-Th Calcite Isochron Age From An Active Geothermal Field In New Zealand  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

U-Th Calcite Isochron Age From An Active Geothermal Field In New Zealand U-Th Calcite Isochron Age From An Active Geothermal Field In New Zealand Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A U-Th Calcite Isochron Age From An Active Geothermal Field In New Zealand Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: We report here the first U-Th disequilibrium age for a hydrothermal mineral from an active geothermal system in New Zealand. Vein calcite recovered from a depth of 389 m in Well Thm-1 at the Tauhara geothermal field has an age of 99±44 ka BP. This age was determined using a leachate-leachate isochron technique on four silicate containing sub-samples of calcite from a single vein. Although the error on this isochron age is considerable, it is significantly younger than the earlier

154

Aging Services Program Grants Specialist Division of Aging Services, Livable Communities Section  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging Services Program Grants Specialist Division of Aging Services, Livable Communities Section Job Description The Georgia Department of Human Services (DHS), Division of Aging Services, is seeking qualified candidates for the position of Aging Services Program Grants Specialist for the Livable

Arnold, Jonathan

155

Aging Services Program Administrator Division of Aging Services, Livable Communities Section  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging Services Program Administrator Division of Aging Services, Livable Communities Section Job Description The Georgia Department of Human Services (DHS), Division of Aging Services, (DAS)is seeking qualified candidates for the position of Aging Services Program Administrator for the Livable Communities

Arnold, Jonathan

156

32kg: performance systems for a post-digital age  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Why is a seemingly mundane issue such as airline baggage allowance of great significance in regards to the performance practice of electronic music? This paper discusses how a performance practice has evolved that seeks to question the binary and corporate ... Keywords: DIY, bastardisation, dirty electronics, eBay, live electronics, modular, performance, portability, post-digital, punktronics

John Richards

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Guidelines for the Monitoring of Aging of I&C Electronic Components  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Failures of instrumentation and control (I&C) systems due to aging of electronic boards and components may have an immediate negative impact on plant reliability and availability. Failures also affect long-term plant performance and safety. Aging management technologies based on predicting failures and aging mechanisms should allow optimization of preventative maintenance activities and scheduling by helping define cost-effective, condition-based maintenances programs. This work supports these goals by p...

2004-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

158

Aging and metastability of monoglycerides in hydrophobic solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aging of aggregated structures of monoglycerides in hydrophobic medium is described by a set of different techniques. Polarized microscopy was used to study the mesomorphic behavior as a function of time. Differential scanning calorimetry was utilized to quantitatively monitor changes in the latent heat in different phase transformations that take place in the aging system. Infrared spectroscopy was applied to detect the formation of hydrogen bonding between surfactants. The X-ray diffraction patterns fingerprinted the molecular arrangement in different emerging phases. Infra-red spectroscopy was used to monitor the state of hydrogen bonding in the system. We conclude that in both inverted-lamellar and sub-alpha crystalline phases, monoglyceride molecules inevitably lose their emulsified ability in the hydrophobic solutions through the gradual change in hydrogen bonding patterns. On aging, the formation of intermolecular hydrogen bonding between glycerol groups causes the segregation of chiral (D and L) isomers within the bilayers. Therefore all structures were eventually forced to reorder into the beta-crystalline state, distinguishing between the D and L layers. Accordingly, the highly ordered packing of aged structures weakened the emulsifying ability and finally leaded the collapse of the percolating gel network.

C. H. Chen; E. M. Terentjev

2008-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

159

Rock of Ages | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of Ages of Ages Jump to: navigation, search Name Rock of Ages Facility Rock of Ages Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Rock of Ages Energy Purchaser Rock of Ages Location Graniteville VT Coordinates 44.14668574°, -72.48180896° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.14668574,"lon":-72.48180896,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

160

Age Estimations of M31 Globular Clusters from Their Spectral Energy Distributions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents accurate spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of 16 M31 globular clusters (GCs) confirmed by spectroscopy and/or high spatial-resolution imaging, as well as 30 M31 globular cluster candidates detected by Mochejska et al. Most of these candidates have m_V > 18, deeper than previous searches, and these candidates have not yet been confirmed to be globular clusters. The SEDs of these clusters and candidates are obtained as part of the BATC Multicolor Survey of the Sky, in which the spectrophotometrically-calibrated CCD images of M31 in 13 intermediate-band filters from 4000 to 10000 A were observed. These filters are specifically designed to exclude most of the bright and variable night-sky emission lines including the OH forest. In comparison to the SEDs of true GCs, we find that some of the candidate objects are not GCs in M31. SED fits show that theoretical simple stellar population (SSP) models can fit the true GCs very well. We estimate the ages of these GCs by comparing with SSP models. We find that, the M31 clusters range in age from a few ten Myr to a few Gyr old, as well as old GCs, confirming the conclusion that has been found by Barmby et a, Williams & Hodge, Beasley et al., Burstein et al. and Puzia et al. in their investigations of the SEDs of M31 globular clusters.

Jun Ma; Xu Zhou; David Burstein; Yanbin Yang; Zhou Fan; Jiansheng Chen; Zhaoji Jiang

2005-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "age excludes systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Materials Research in the Information Age  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research in the Information Age Accelerating Advanced Material Development NERSC Science Gateway a 'Google of Material Properties' October 31, 2011 | Tags: Materials Science,...

162

Aging and weathering of cool roofing membranes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Research Council (NRC), Canada ABSTRACT Aging andNational Research Council (NRC) in Canada. The LBNL studyits original levels. The NRC study also included measuring

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Understanding Aging: A Medical Humanities Approach to “Death in Venice“  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

issues, understanding aging from a humanistic perspective isattempting to understand aging, I have divided the text intoAschenbach's experience with aging while in Germany. This

English, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Departure and return : abandonment, memorial and aging in Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

S. Linhart (Eds. ), Aging Asian Concepts and ExperiencesJ. J. Seeber (Eds. ), .Aging, Spirituality and Religion: AE. (1964). The Psychology of Aging. Englewood Cliffs, N.J. :

Danely, Jason Allen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Successful cognitive aging in persons living with HIV infection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Successful cognitive aging (SCA) was operationally definedrisk factors imposed by aging and HIV, there is considerableuals with HIV who are “aging successfully” (e.g. , free from

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

The thorny path linking cellular senescence to organismal aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tumor suppression and organismal aging: Good citizens, badtelomere-directed replicative aging in vitro. Mech. Ageinglung fibroblasts by telomerase. Aging Cell 2, Hayflick, L. ,

Patil, Christopher K.; Mian, Saira; Campisi, Judith

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

DNA repair: Dynamic defenders against cancer and aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

developmental defects; premature aging; brittle hair; scalypredisposition and premature aging. Acknowledgements. Weagainst cancer and aging Jill O. Fuss and Priscilla K.

Fuss, Jill O.; Cooper, Priscilla K.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Aging in a Colloidal Glass in Creep Flow: Time-Stress Superposition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, we study ageing behavior of aqueous laponite suspension, a model soft glassy material, in creep. We observe that viscoelastic behavior is time dependent and is strongly influenced by the deformation field; the effect is known to arise due to ageing and rejuvenation. We show that irrespective of strength of deformation field (shear stress) and age, when imposed time-scale is normalized with dominating relaxation mode of the system, universal ageing behavior is obtained demonstrating time-stress superposition; the phenomena that may be generic in variety of soft materials.

Yogesh M. Joshi; G. Ranjith; K. Reddy

2007-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

169

Failure diagnosis of asymmetric aging under NBTI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Design for reliability is becoming an important step in the design cycle with CMOS technology scaling, demanding need for efficient and accurate reliability simulation methods in the design stage. Traditional aging analysis does not differentiate NBTI ... Keywords: asymmetric aging, design for reliability, negative bias temperature instability, static timing analysis

Jyothi Bhaskarr Velamala; Venkatesa Ravi; Yu Cao

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Transcriptional profiling of aging in human muscle reveals a common aging signature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyzed expression of 81 normal muscle samples from humans of varying ages, and have identified a molecular profile for aging consisting of 250 age-regulated genes. This molecular profile correlates not only with chronological age but also with a measure of physiological age. We compared the transcriptional profile of muscle aging to previous transcriptional profiles of aging in the kidney and the brain, and found a common signature for aging in these diverse human tissues. The common aging signature consists of six genetic pathways; four pathways increase expression with age (genes in the extracellular matrix, genes involved in cell growth, genes encoding factors involved in complement activation, and genes encoding components of the cytosolic ribosome), while two pathways decrease expression with age (genes involved in chloride transport and genes encoding subunits of the mitochondrial electron transport chain). We also compared transcriptional profiles of aging in humans to those of the mouse and fly, and found that the electron transport chain pathway decreases expression with age in all three organisms, suggesting that this may be a

Jacob M. Zahn; Rebecca Sonu; Hannes Vogel; Emily Crane; Krystyna Mazan-mamczarz; Ralph Rabkin; Ronald W. Davis; Kevin G. Becker; Art B. Owen; Stuart K. Kim

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Plant Engineering: Aging Degradation of Coating Service Level 1 Coatings Summary of EPRI Coating Aging Project Activities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nuclear industry has experienced some instances of degradation of safety-related coating systems applied inside reactor containment. Although degradation has become a concern to the industry, the industry lacked a thoroughly documented history of the degradation and its causes. In response, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) conducted research to understand the coating degradation and evaluate the effects of aging on the qualified coatings used inside containment. This report describes the ...

2011-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

172

Plant Engineering: Aging Degradation of Coating Service Level I Coatings—Summary of EPRI Coating Aging Project Activities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nuclear industry experienced some instances of degradation of safety-related coating systems applied inside the reactor containment. These instances of degradation became a concern to the industry, but the industry did not have a thoroughly documented history of the degradation or its causes. In response, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) formed a project that conducted research to gain an understanding of the coating degradation and evaluate the effects of aging on the qualified ...

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

173

Aging of nuclear station diesel generators: Evaluation of operating and expert experience: Phase 1, Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pacific Northwest Laboratory evaluated operational and expert experience pertaining to the aging degradation of diesel generators in nuclear service. The research, sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), identified and characterized the contribution of aging to emergency diesel generator failures. This report, Volume I, reviews diesel-generator experience to identify the systems and components most subject to aging degradation and isolates the major causes of failure that may affect future operational readiness. Evaluations show that as plants age, the percent of aging-related failures increases and failure modes change. A compilation is presented of recommended corrective actions for the failures identified. This study also includes a review of current, relevant industry programs, research, and standards. Volume II reports the results of an industry-wide workshop held on May 28 and 29, 1986 to discuss the technical issues associated with aging of nuclear service emergency diesel generators.

Hoopingarner, K.R.; Vause, J.W.; Dingee, D.A.; Nesbitt, J.F.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Effect of Composition and Pre-ageing on the Natural Ageing and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Effect of Composition and Pre-ageing on the Natural Ageing ..... Powder Metallurgy of High Strength Al84Gd6Ni7Co3 Gas-atomized Powder.

175

Falls, Disability and Food Insecurity Present Challenges to Healthy Aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

characteristics. Journal of Aging Health. 2001. 13:329-54.for prevention. Age and Aging. 2006:35 Supplement 2:ii37-Present Challenges to Healthy Aging Steven P. Wallace, L.

Wallace, Steven P.; Molina, L. Cricel; Jhawar, Mona

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

A 4D geometrical modeling of a material aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4-dim intrinsic (material) Riemannian metric $G$ of the material 4-D space-time continuum $P$ is utilized as the characteristic of the aging processes developing in the material. Manifested through variation of basic material characteristics such as density, moduli of elasticity, yield stress, strength, and toughness., the aging process is modeled as the evolution of the metric $G$ (most importantly of its time component $G_{00}$) of the material space-time $P$ embedded into 4-D Newtonian space-time with Euclidean metric.\\par The evolutional equation for metric $G$ is derived by the classical variational approach. Construction of a Lagrangian for an aging elastic media and the derivation of a system of coupled elastostatic and aging equations constitute the central part of the work. The external and internal balance laws associated with symmetries of material and physical space-time geometries are briefly reviewed from a new viewpoint presented in the paper. Examples of the stress relaxation and creep of a homogeneous rod, cold drawing, and chemical degradation in a tubing are discussed.

A. Chudnovsky; S. Preston

2006-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

177

System for Award Management (SAM):  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

System for Award Management (SAM) System for Award Management (SAM) ChallengeHER Opportunities for Women in Federal Contracting May 23, 2013 Judith R. Zawatsky General Services Administration You are here today because you want to: a) Get a contract with the federal government b) Get a grant from the federal government c) Increase the work you are already doing with the federal government d) Learn new acronyms WHERE DO YOU START? www.sam.gov WHAT IS SAM? The System for Award Management (SAM) is the Official U.S. Government system that consolidated the capabilities of * Central Contractor Registry (CCR) * Online Representations & Certifications Application (ORCA) * Excluded Parties List System (EPLS) WHAT DO I NEED TO DO? Create User Account Register or Update Entity Get contracts/grants

178

Computational Age Dating of Special Nuclear Materials  

SciTech Connect

This slide-show presented an overview of the Constrained Progressive Reversal (CPR) method for computing decays, age dating, and spoof detecting. The CPR method is: Capable of temporal profiling a SNM sample; Precise (compared with known decay code, such a ORIGEN); Easy (for computer implementation and analysis). ? We have illustrated with real SNM data using CPR for age dating and spoof detection. If SNM is pure, may use CPR to derive its age. If SNM is mixed, CPR will indicate that it is mixed or spoofed.

None

2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

179

Aging assessment of large electric motors in nuclear power plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large electric motors serve as the prime movers to drive high capacity pumps, fans, compressors, and generators in a variety of nuclear plant systems. This study examined the stressors that cause degradation and aging in large electric motors operating in various plant locations and environments. The operating history of these machines in nuclear plant service was studied by review and analysis of failure reports in the NPRDS and LER databases. This was supplemented by a review of motor designs, and their nuclear and balance of plant applications, in order to characterize the failure mechanisms that cause degradation, aging, and failure in large electric motors. A generic failure modes and effects analysis for large squirrel cage induction motors was performed to identify the degradation and aging mechanisms affecting various components of these large motors, the failure modes that result, and their effects upon the function of the motor. The effects of large motor failures upon the systems in which they are operating, and on the plant as a whole, were analyzed from failure reports in the databases. The effectiveness of the industry`s large motor maintenance programs was assessed based upon the failure reports in the databases and reviews of plant maintenance procedures and programs.

Villaran, M.; Subudhi, M. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

On the stability of stationary age distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Age structured nonlinear single species and predator prey population models are treated and a straightforward relatively simple method is shown to arrive at a condition of stability of stationary solutions. Keywords: population dynamics, stability

M. Farkas

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "age excludes systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Chloride Depletion in Aged Sea Salt Particles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of how they formed, they transform as they are transported by the wind, showing signs of age by increasing in size, chemical complexity, and oxidation, as well as becoming more...

182

Aging of polymeric composites : a literature review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to their increased use in today's society, an extensive survey was undertaken in this report to condense what's been, thus far, discovered as to the effects of aging on polymeric composites. Special emphasis was placed ...

Treviño-Garrido, Margie N

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

International Forum for Reactor Aging Management (IFRAM)  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission has undertaken a program to lay the groundwork for defining proactive actions to manage degradation of materials in light water reactors (LWRs). This article discusses the international forum for reactor aging management.

Bond, Leonard J.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Age problem in holographic dark energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the age problem of the universe with the holographic DE model introduced in [21], and test the model with some known old high redshift objects (OHRO). The parameters of the model have been constrained using the SNIa, CMB and BAO data set. We found that the age of the old quasar APM 08 279+5255 at z = 3.91 can be described by the model.

L. N. Granda; A. Oliveros; W. Cardona

2009-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

185

A Review of Information for Managing Aging in Nuclear Power Plants  

SciTech Connect

Age related degradation effects in safety related systems of nuclear power plants should be managed to prevent safety margins from eroding below the acceptable limits provided in plant design bases. The Nuclear Plant Aging Research (NPAR) Pro- gram, conducted under the auspices of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research, and other related aging management programs are developing technical information on managing aging. The aging management process central to these efforts consists of three key elements: 1) selecting structures, systems, and components (SSCs) in which aging should be controlled; 2) understanding the mechanisms and rates of degradation in these SSCs; and 3) managing degradation through effective inspection, surveillance, condition monitoring, trending, record keeping, mainten- ance, refurbishment, replacement, and adjustments in the operating environment and service conditions. This document concisely reviews and integrates information developed under the NPAR Program and other aging management studies and other available information related to understanding and managing age-related degradation effects and provides specific refer- ences to more comprehensive information on the same subjects.

WC Morgan; JV Livingston

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Age identity, gender, and perceptions of decline: Does feeling older lead to pessimistic dispositions about cognitive aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Objectives. Drawing on past studies of age identity, this article examined whether feeling older was associated with more pessimistic views about cognitive aging. Methods. Using respondents aged 55 years and older in the Midlife Development in the United States study, we estimated a series of linear regression models to predict people ’ s dispositions toward their cognitive aging. The main comparison is whether the effects of age identity on cognitive aging differ for men and women. Results. Beyond the effects of chronological age, older age identities were associated with more pessimistic dispositions about cognitive aging. This relationship, however, was found only among women. Discussion. Age identity shapes cognitive aging dispositions, though the gendered nature of this relationship remains somewhat unclear. The findings give further evidence about the far-reaching implications of age identity for successful aging and suggest that future work can explicate how subjective aging processes may differ by gender.

Markus H. Schafer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Physical aging and relaxation of residual stresses in a colloidal glass following flow cessation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dilute Laponite suspensions in water at low salt concentration form repulsive colloidal glasses which display physical aging. This phenomenon is still not completely understood and in particular, little is known about the connection between the flow history, as a determinant of the initial state of the system, and the subsequent aging dynamics. Using a stress controlled rheometer, we perform stress jump experiments to observe the elastic component of the flow stress that remains on cessation of flow or flow quenching. We investigate the connection between the dynamics of these residual stresses and the rate of physical aging upon quenching from different points on the steady state flow curve. Quenching from high rates produces a fluid state, G">G', with small, fast relaxing residual stresses and rapid, sigmoidal aging of the complex modulus. Conversely, quenching from lower shear rates produces increasingly jammed states featuring slowly relaxing stresses and a slow increase of the complex modulus with system age. Flow cessation from a fixed shear rate with varying quench durations shows that slower quenches produce smaller residual stresses at short times which relax at long times by smaller extents, by comparison with faster quenches. These smaller stresses are correlated with a higher modulus but slower physical aging of the system. The characteristic time for the residual stress relaxation scales inversely with the quench rate. This implies a frustrated approach to any ideal stress-free state that succinctly reflects the frustrated nature of these glassy systems.

Ajay Singh Negi; Chinedum O. Osuji

2010-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

188

Short-Term Aging of Polymer Insulators: Dissection of Samples Aged in a Dry Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For many years, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has performed large-scale aging tests on polymer insulators and has evaluated many polymer insulators that have been removed from service, in an effort to understand what the aging factors are. EPRI has learned that a significant aging factor is corona discharge activity and has therefore developed a test that focuses on how corona discharge activity degrades polymer insulators. This report highlights the latest development of a short-term ...

2013-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

189

The Relative Ages of Galactic Globular Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a review of the present state of knowledge regarding the relative ages of Galactic globular clusters. First, we discuss the relevant galaxy formation models and describe the detailed predictions they make with respect to the formation timescale and chemical evolution of the globular clusters. Next, the techniques used to estimate globular cluster ages are described and evaluated with particular emphasis on the advantages and disadvantages of each method. With these techniques as a foundation, we present arguments in favor of the following assertions: 1) The age of a globular cluster is the likeliest candidate to be the global second parameter, which along with metal abundance, controls the morphology of the horizonal branch. 2) A total age range of as much as $\\sim$5 Gyr exists among the bulk of the Galactic globulars. 3) There is a significant relation between age and metallicity among the Galactic globular clusters if the slope of the \\mvrr-\\feh relation is less than $\\sim$0.23. These conclusions along with other supporting evidence favor a formation scenario in which the inner regions of the Galactic halo collapsed in a monotonic fashion over a short time period much less than 1 Gyr. In contrast, the outer regions of the halo fragmented and collapsed in a chaotic manner over several Gyrs.

Ata Sarajedini; Brian Chaboyer; Pierre Demarque

1997-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

190

Results of LWR snubber aging research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the aging research results and recommendations for snubbers used in commercial nuclear power plants. Snubbers are safety-related devices used to restrain undesirable dynamic loads at various piping and equipment locations in nuclear power plants (NPPs). Each snubber must accommodate a plant's normal thermal movements and must be capable of restraining the maximum off-normal dynamic loads, such as a seismic event or a transient, postulated for its specific location. The effects of snubber aging and the factors that contribute to the degradation of their safety performance need to be better understood. Thus, Phase II of Nuclear Plant Aging Research was conducted to enhance the understanding of snubber aging and its consequences. Pacific Northwest Laboratory staff and their subcontractors, Lake Engineering and Wyle Laboratories, visited eight sites (encompassing thirteen plants) to conduct interviews with NPP staff and to collect data on snubber aging, testing, and maintenance. The Phase II research methodology, evaluation, results, conclusions, and recommendations are described in the report. Effective methods for service-life monitoring of snubbers are included in the recommendations.

Brown, D P [Lake Engineering Co., Greenville, RI (United States); Werry, E V; Blahnik, D E [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

High Temperature Aging Study on Long-Term Aged Alloy 617 and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to gain a better understanding of the high-temperature degradation process of these materials, long-term (up to 10000 hours) aging experiments have ...

192

Property:VolcanicAge | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:VolcanicAge Jump to: navigation, search Property Name VolcanicAge Property Type String Description Describes the time of the most recent volcanism by epoch, era, or period per available data. Subproperties This property has the following 7 subproperties: E East Mesa Geothermal Area G Geysers Geothermal Area L Lightning Dock Geothermal Area R Raft River Geothermal Area Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal Area S Salton Sea Geothermal Area Soda Lake Geothermal Area Pages using the property "VolcanicAge" Showing 19 pages using this property. A Amedee Geothermal Area + No volcanism + B Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area + no volcanism + Blue Mountain Geothermal Area + no volcanism + Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area + No volcanism +

193

The Shapes and Ages of Elliptical Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we investigate the relation between the detailed isophotal shape of elliptical galaxies and the strength of the H beta absorption in their spectra. We find that disky galaxies have higher H beta indices. Stellar population synthesis models show that the H beta line is a good age indicator, hence disky galaxies tend to have younger mean ages than boxy galaxies. We show that the observed trend can be brought about by a contaminating young population, which we associate with the disky component. This population need only account for a small fraction of the total mass, for example if a contaminating population of age of 2 Gyrs is superimposed on an old (12 Gyr) elliptical galaxy, then the observed trend can be explained if it contributes only 10% to the total mass. The size of this effect is consistent with the estimates of disk-to-total light ratios from surface photometry.

Roelof S. de Jong; Roger L. Davies

1996-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

194

Solid Friction from stick-slip to pinning and aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the present state of understanding of solid friction at low velocities and for systems with negligibly small wear effects. We first analyze in detail the behavior of friction at interfaces between wacroscopic hard rough solids, whose main dynamical features are well described by the Rice-Ruina rate and state dependent constitutive law. We show that it results from two combined effects : (i) the threshold rheology of nanometer-thick junctions jammed under confinement into a soft glassy structure (ii) geometric aging, i.e. slow growth of the real arrea of contact via asperity creep interrupted by sliding. Closer analysis leads to identifying a second aging-rejuvenation process, at work within the junctions themselves. We compare the effects of structural aging at such multicontact, very highly confined, interfaces with those met under different confinement levels, namely boundary lubricated contacts and extended adhesive interfaces involving soft materials (hydrogels, elastomers). This leads us to propose a classification of frictional junctions in terms of the relative importance of jamming and adsoprtion-induced metastability.

Tristan Baumberger; Christiane Caroli

2005-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

195

Department of Mechanical Engineering Fall 2012 Roller Coaster Restraint System for Riders with Disabilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the train seat. The estimated cost of implementation is approximately $186.69 excluding labor and machining with Disabilities Overview The restraint system of a roller coaster is one of the most vital pieces of equipment and unloading process. Approach The customer needs were determined through a site visit with Premier Rides

Demirel, Melik C.

196

Aging behavior of polymeric solar absorber materials: Aging on the component level  

SciTech Connect

Within this study, the aging behavior of a PPE + PS absorber material was investigated on the absorber component level. To indicate aging, characteristic mechanical values were determined by indentation tests of specimens taken from components and exposed to laboratory aging (140 C in air, 80 C in water) and service near outdoor aging conditions (stagnation in northern climate). In addition to the mechanical tests, the unaged and aged specimens were also characterized thermo-analytically via differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The results indicate that reductions in both characteristic mechanical values of the indentation tests, i.e., load of the first transition and ultimate indentation, reflect at least some physical aging although chemical aging may also be of importance based on previous analytical investigations of laboratory aged polymer films. While laboratory aging in air at 140 C and service exposure at a test facility in Oslo (N) under stagnation conditions led to a significant reduction in the mechanical indentation resistance, no influence of laboratory aging in water at 80 C on the mechanical behavior of the absorber sheet was found. Depending on the ultimate failure criterion applied (reduction of characteristic mechanical values to 80% and 50%, respectively), the technical service life found for hot air laboratory and stagnation service conditions was found to be less than 51 and 159 h, respectively. As these durations are significantly below the estimated stagnation conditions accumulated in the desired operation lifetime for such a collector, the PPE + PS type investigated does not seem to be a proper material candidate for solar thermal absorbers. Finally, based on the results obtained, a relation between laboratory aging time in air at 140 C and cumulated irradiation energy during exposure on the test facility in Oslo was established. (author)

Kahlen, S. [Polymer Competence Center Leoben GmbH, Roseggerstrasse 12, A-8700 Leoben (Austria); Wallner, G.M.; Lang, R.W. [Institute for Polymeric Materials and Testing, University of Linz, Altenbergerstrasse 69, A-4040 Linz (Austria); Meir, M.; Rekstad, J. [Department of Physics, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1048, Blindern, N-0316 Oslo (Norway)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

197

Aging of nuclear station diesel generators: Evaluation of operating and expert experience: Workshop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) evaluated operational and expert experience pertaining to the aging degradation of diesel generators in nuclear service. The research, sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), identified and characterized the contribution of aging to emergency diesel generator failures. This report, Volume II, reports the results of an industry-wide workshop held on May 28 and 29, 1986, to discuss the technical issues associated with aging of nuclear service emergency diesel generators. The technical issues discussed most extensively were: man/machine interfaces, component interfaces, thermal gradients of startup and cooldown and the need for an accurate industry database for trend analysis of the diesel generator system.

Hoopingarner, K.R.; Vause, J.W.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Investigation of Aging Mechanisms in Lean NOx Traps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lean NO{sub x} traps (LNTs) represent a promising technology for the abatement of NO{sub x} under lean conditions. Although LNTs are starting to find commercial application, the issue of catalyst durability remains problematic. LNT susceptibility to sulfur poisoning is the single most important factor determining effective catalyst lifetime. The NO{sub x} storage element of the catalyst has a greater affinity for SO{sub 3} than it does for NO{sub 2}, and the resulting sulfate is more stable than the stored nitrate. Although this sulfate can be removed from the catalyst by means of high temperature treatment under rich conditions, the required conditions give rise to deactivation mechanisms such as precious metal sintering, total surface area loss, and solid state reactions between the various oxides present. The principle objective of this project was to improve understanding of the mechanisms of lean NO{sub x} trap aging, and to understand the effect of washcoat composition on catalyst aging characteristics. The approach utilized involved detailed characterization of model catalysts prior to and after aging, in tandem with measurement of catalyst performance in NO{sub x} storage and reduction. In this manner, NO{sub x} storage and reduction characteristics were correlated with the evolution of catalyst physico-chemical properties upon aging. Rather than using poorly characterized proprietary catalysts, or simple model catalysts of the Pt/BaO/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} type (representing the first generation of LNTs), Pt/Rh/BaO/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalysts were employed which also incorporated CeO{sub 2} or CeO{sub 2}-ZrO{sub 2}, representing a model system which more accurately reflects current LNT formulations. Catalysts were prepared in which the concentration of each of the main components was systematically varied: Pt (50, 75 or 100 g/ft{sup 3}), Rh (10 or 20 g/ft{sup 3}), BaO (15, 30 or 45 g/L), and either CeO{sub 2} (0, 50 or 100 g/L) or CeO{sub 2}-ZrO{sub 2} (0, 50 or 100 g/L). A high surface area La-stabilized alumina was used to support the BaO phase. Catalysts were obtained by washcoating onto standard cordierite substrates, the total washcoat loading being set at 260 g/L. La-stabilized alumina was used as the balance. Subsequent to de-greening, the NO{sub x} storage and reduction characteristics of the catalysts were evaluated on a bench reactor, after which the catalysts were aged on a bench reactor to the equivalent of ca. 75,000 miles of road aging using a published accelerated aging protocol. The aged catalysts were then subjected to the same evaluation proecdure used for the de-greened catalysts. In addition to the use of standard physico-chemical analytical techniques for studying the fresh and aged model catalysts, use was made of advanced analytical tools for characterizing their NO{sub x} storage/reduction and sulfation/desulfation characteristics, such as Spatially resolved capillary-inlet Mass Spectrometry (SpaciMS) and in situ Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Fourier Transform Spectroscopy (DRIFTS).

Mark Crocker

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

199

Aging in the large CDF axial drift chamber  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Central Outer Tracker (COT) is a large axial drift chamber in the Collider Detector at Fermilab operating with a gas mixture that is 50/50 argon/ethane with an admixture of 1.7% isopropanol. In its first two years of operation the COT showed unexpected aging with the worst parts of the chamber experiencing a gain loss of {approx}50% for an accumulated charge of {approx}35 mC/cm. By monitoring the pulse height of hits on good tracks, it was possible to determine the gain as a function of time and location in the chamber. In addition, the currents of the high voltage supplies gave another monitor of chamber gain and its dependence on the charge deposition rate. The aging was worse on the exhaust end of the chamber consistent with polymer buildup as the gas flows through the chamber. The distribution in azimuth suggests that aging is enhanced at lower temperatures, but other factors such as gas flow patterns may be involved. Elemental and molecular analysis of the sense wires found a coating that is mostly carbon and hydrogen with a small amount of oxygen; no silicon or other contaminants were identified. High resolution electron microscope pictures of the wire surface show that the coating is smooth with small sub-micron nodules. In the course of working with the chamber gas system, we discovered a small amount of O{sub 2} is enough to reverse the aging. Operating the chamber with {approx}100 ppm of O{sub 2} reversed almost two years of gain loss in less than 10 days while accumulating {le} 2 mC/cm.

Allspach, D.; Ambrose, D.; Binkley, M.; /Fermilab; Bromberg, C.; /Michigan State U.; Burkett, K.; Kephart, R.; Madrak, R.; Miao, T.; Mukherjee, A.; Roser, R.; Wagner, R.L. /Fermilab

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Aging effects in palladium and LaNi sub 4. 25 Al sub 0. 75 tritides  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Palladium and LaNi{sub 5-x}Al{sub x} (x=0.30, 0.75, 0.85), which form reversible hydrides, are used for tritium processing and storage in the Savannah River Site (SRS) tritium facilities. As part of a program to develop technology based on the use of reversible metal hydrides for tritium processing and storage, the effects of aging on the thermodynamic behavior of palladium and LaNi{sub 4.25}Al{sub 0. 75} tritides are under investigation. During aging, the {sup 3}He tritium decay product remains in the tritide lattice and changes the thermodynamics of the tritium-metal tritide system. Aging effects in 755-day-aged palladium and 1423-day-aged LaNi{sub 4.25}Al{sub 0.75} tritides will be reported. Changes in the thermodynamics were determined by measuring tritium desorption isotherms on aging samples. In palladium, aging decreases the desorption isotherm plateau pressure and changes the {alpha}-phase portion of the isotherm. Aging-induced changes in desorption isotherms are more drastic in LaNi{sub 4.25}Al{sub 0.75}. Among the changes noted are: (1) decreased isotherm plateau pressure, (2) increased isotherm plateau slope, and (3) appearance of deep-trapped tritium, removable only by exchange with deuterium.

Nobile, A.; Wermer, J.R.; Walters, R.T.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "age excludes systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Understanding the Emotions of Others: Loss or Gain in Aging?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

theory. Psychology and Aging, 7(3), 331-8. Carstensen, L.2007). The Handbook of Aging and Cognition: Third Edition (The Posterior-Anterior Shift in Aging. Cereb. Cortex, 18(5),

Sze, Jocelyn Andrea

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Effect of Modified Aging Treatments on the Tensile Properties ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

These include i) lowering the artificial aging temperature ii) interrupted aging cycles similar to T6I4 referred to in the published literature and iii) artificial aging in ...

203

Aging and Gene Expression in the Primate Brain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Issue 9 | e274 Primate Brain Aging mask ?le for chimpanzee185 p. 2. Harman D (1956) Aging: A theory based on freeThe free radical theory of aging matures. Physiol Rev 78:

Fraser, Hunter B.; Khaitovich, Philipp; Plotkin, Joshua B.; Paabo, Svante; Eisen, Michael B.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Aging and Fracture of Human Cortical Bone and Tooth Dentin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

et al. , The effect of aging on crack-growth resistance andR.K. Reprogel, Effects of aging on the mechanical behaviorNalla et al. , Effect of aging on the toughness of human

Ager III, Joel W.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

INCREASED STRENGTHENING OF AUSTENITIC ALLOYS THROUGH DUAL AGING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

d o - - -700°C after first aging at 745°C /2 hr tween) (nobJ,J". _.J__ __JI (TOTAL) AGING TIME (hr) XBL Figure 22 aALLOYS THROUGH DUAL AGING Annie Ma Inorganic Materials

Ma, Annie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Molecular Clocks: Determining the Age of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular Clocks: Determining the Age of the Human­Chimpanzee Divergence Michael I Jensen `molecular clock') allows for the estimation of the time of divergence between modern species, dependent on calibrating the clock with known divergence dates from the fossil record. The molecular clock gives dates

Seaman, Michael I.

207

Electronic games for aged care and rehabilitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The declining cognitive and motor abilities has become a major problem in the health care of the elderly, often leading to potentially fatal falls. Current rehabilitation strategies to address this issue include routine physiotherapy which is often dull ... Keywords: aged care, rehabilitation, software agent, video game

Stuart T. Smith; Amir Talaei-Khoei; Mililani Ray; Pradeep Ray

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Privacy, Technology, and Aging: A Proposed Framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the development, adoption, and use of home-based ubiquitous technologies for older adults. We began with a five, adoption, and use of home-based ubiquitous technologies are highly contextual, individualized and aging can inform the development of a privacy framework for home-based technologies that can contribute

Camp, L. Jean

209

Irreversible Aging Dynamics and Generic Phase Behavior of Aqueous Suspensions of Laponite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we study the aging behavior of aqueous suspension of Laponite having 2.8 weight % concentration using rheological tools. At various salt concentration all the samples demonstrate orientational order when observed using crossed polarizers. In rheological experiments we observe inherent irreversibility in the aging dynamics which forces the system not to rejuvenate to the same state in the shear melting experiment carried out at a later date since preparation. The extensive rheological experiments carried out as a function of time elapsed since preparation demonstrate the self similar trend in the aging behavior irrespective of the concentration of salt. We observe that the exploration of the low energy states as a function of aging time is only kinetically affected by the presence of salt. We estimate that the energy barrier to attain the low energy states decreases linearly with increase in the concentration of salt. The observed superposition of all the elapsed time and the salt concentration dependent data suggests that the aging that occurs in low salt concentration systems over a very long period is qualitatively similar to the aging behavior observed in systems with high salt concentration over a shorter period.

A. Shahin; Yogesh M. Joshi

2010-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

210

Investigations of silica alcogel aging using coherent light  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Investigations of silica alcogel aging using coherent light Title Investigations of silica alcogel aging using coherent light Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication...

211

Accelerated Aging of Roofing Surfaces | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accelerated Aging of Roofing Surfaces Accelerated Aging of Roofing Surfaces Emerging Technologies Project for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review...

212

On the Aging Behavior of AA2618 DC Cast Alloy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aging behavior of the non-deformed alloy at artificial and natural aging conditions was studied. The precipitation characteristics of the alloy were studied by ...

213

Groundwater Age-Dating for Water Resource Characterization  

The LLNL Groundwater Noble Gas Mass Spectrometry Facility and Capability offers: Less model-dependent than tritium age dating: Traditional tritium age ...

214

The role of glycation in aging and diabetes mellitus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract. One of the hypotheses trying to explain the process of aging is the idea of ... vated blood sugar levels, show signs of accelerated aging exposing similar ...

215

The Effectiveness of Direct Aging on INCONEL 718 Forgings ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Direct aging (DA) is a synonym for hardening of an Inconel 718 forging after the fosming operation and applying a two step aging procedure coninion for Inconel

216

Engineering study - alternatives for SHMS high temperature/moisture gas sample conditioners for the aging waste facility  

SciTech Connect

The Standard Hydrogen Monitoring Systems have been experiencing high temperature/moisture problems with gas samples from the Aging Waste Tanks. These moist hot gas samples have stopped the operation of the SHMS units on tanks AZ-101, AZ-102, and AY-102. This study looks at alternatives for gas sample conditioners for the Aging Waste Facility.

THOMPSON, J.F.

1999-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

217

Duration of hydrothermal activity at Steamboat Springs, Nevada, from ages of spatially associated volcanic rocks  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Steamboat Springs is a presently active equivalent of epithermal gold-silver ore-forming systems. Hot-spring sinter deposits contain small amounts of gold, silver, mercury, antimony, and arsenic. Hot-spring activity probably started before extrusion of the basaltic andesite of Steamboat Springs. Old sinter from the Steamboat Springs system occurs in gravels above and below the basaltic andesite. Intense hydrothermal alteration, including almost complete replacement by hydrothermal potassium-feldspar, has affected the basaltic andesite. Three plagioclase separates of differing potassium content from fresh basaltic andesite yielded potassium-argon ages of 2.52 to 2.55 m.y. Basaltic andesite almost completely replaced by potassium-feldspar yielded an age of 1.1 m.y. The source of energy for the thermal convection system is probably a large rhyolitic magma chamber that supplied the pumice and from which the rhyolite domes were emplaced. Sanidine and obsidian from four of the rhyolite domes yielded potassium-argon ages of 1.15 to 1.52 m.y. and obsidian from one of the northeastern domes yielded apparent ages of 2.97 and 3.03 m.y. The data indicate that hydrothermal activity has occurred at Steamboat Springs, possibly intermittently, for more than 2-1/2 m.y. These data agree with other radiogenic age studies indicating 1- and 2-m.y. lifetimes for the hydrothermal systems that generate epithermal gold-silver deposits.

Silberman, M.L.; White, D.E.; Keith, T.E.C.; Dockter, R.D.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

SteamMaster: Steam System Analysis Software  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As director of Oregon's Industrial Assessment Center, I have encountered many industrial steam systems during plant visits. We analyze steam systems and make recommendations to improve system efficiency. In nearly 400 industrial assessments, we have recommended 210 steam system improvements, excluding heat recovery, that would save $1.5 million/year with a 0.4-year payback. 75% of those recommendations have been implemented for $1.1 million annual savings with 0.3-year payback. Recently I have developed a tool to facilitate the process. SteamMaster is based on an Excel spreadsheet with a Visual Basic interface to simplify system modeling and analysis. SteamMaster has many features and capabilities, including energy and cost savings calculations for five steam recommendations. This presentation will demonstrate SteamMaster software applied to one or more industrial steam systems. Software will be made available on a national web site at no cost.

Wheeler, G.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Energy implications of an aging population  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study provides various demographic, medical, and economic information relative to energy usage on a segment of the population, the elderly, which is growing in absolute numbers and relative population percentage. This growth is expected to continue well into the twenty-first century. The US aging population numbered 3.1 million in 1900, and by 1977 it had climbed to 23.5 million. It can be stated with reasonable certainty that this figure will rise to 31 million in the year 2000 and 43 million in the year 2020. These figures, corresponding to more than 10% of our population, are by no means insignificant. As our fossil-fuel reserves are being depleted and the cost of energy mounts, it becomes apparent that the elderly will become increasingly vulnerable to the energy crisis, primarily beause of their physical tendency to infirmity, their economic and social situation, and their susceptibility to psychological depression. This white paper concentrates on those aspects of aging and the nation's energy problem which are not usually related in our everyday consideration of these as separable problems. It seeks to identify the peculiar energy problems of the aged and to consider alternatives in the solution of these problems in light of modern technology.

Not Available

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

On Ocean Transport Diagnostics: The Idealized Age Tracer and the Age Spectrum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The idealized age tracer is commonly used to diagnose transport in ocean models and to help interpret ocean measurements. In most studies only the steady-state distribution, the result of many centuries of model integration, has been presented ...

Timothy M. Hall; Thomas W. N. Haine

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "age excludes systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Are Refiners Entering a Golden Age or a Short Cycle?  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Are Refiners Entering a Golden Age or a Short Cycle? Global Refining Strategies 2007 Barcelona, Spain

222

IMPACT OF PHYSICAL AGING ON THE CRAZE INITIATION ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

IMPACT OF PHYSICAL AGING ON THE CRAZE INITIATION AND PROPAGATION IN STYRENE ACRYLONITRILE CO-POLYMER. ...

223

Toward Automatic Simulation of Aging Effects on Face Images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The process of aging causes significant alterations in the facial appearance of individuals. When compared with other sources of variation in face images, appearance variation due to aging displays some unique characteristics. For example, aging variation ... Keywords: aging variation, statistical face models, face recognition

A. Lanitis; C. J. Taylor; T. F. Cootes

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

COMPONENT DEGRADATION SUSCEPTIBILITIES AS THE BASES FOR MODELING REACTOR AGING RISK  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The extension of nuclear power plant operating licenses beyond 60 years in the United States will be necessary if we are to meet national energy needs while addressing the issues of carbon and climate. Characterizing the operating risks associated with aging reactors is problematic because the principal tool for risk-informed decision-making, Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA), is not ideally-suited to addressing aging systems. The components most likely to drive risk in an aging reactor - the passives - receive limited treatment in PRA, and furthermore, standard PRA methods are based on the assumption of stationary failure rates: a condition unlikely to be met in an aging system. A critical barrier to modeling passives aging on the wide scale required for a PRA is that there is seldom sufficient field data to populate parametric failure models, and nor is there the availability of practical physics models to predict out-year component reliability. The methodology described here circumvents some of these data and modeling needs by using materials degradation metrics, integrated with conventional PRA models, to produce risk importance measures for specific aging mechanisms and component types. We suggest that these measures have multiple applications, from the risk-screening of components to the prioritization of materials research.

Unwin, Stephen D.; Lowry, Peter P.; Toyooka, Michael Y.

2010-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

225

230Th-234U Model-Ages of Some Uranium Standard Reference Materials  

SciTech Connect

The 'age' of a sample of uranium is an important aspect of a nuclear forensic investigation and of the attribution of the material to its source. To the extent that the sample obeys the standard rules of radiochronometry, then the production ages of even very recent material can be determined using the {sup 230}Th-{sup 234}U chronometer. These standard rules may be summarized as (a) the daughter/parent ratio at time=zero must be known, and (b) there has been no daughter/parent fractionation since production. For most samples of uranium, the 'ages' determined using this chronometer are semantically 'model-ages' because (a) some assumption of the initial {sup 230}Th content in the sample is required and (b) closed-system behavior is assumed. The uranium standard reference materials originally prepared and distributed by the former US National Bureau of Standards and now distributed by New Brunswick Laboratory as certified reference materials (NBS SRM = NBL CRM) are good candidates for samples where both rules are met. The U isotopic standards have known purification and production dates, and closed-system behavior in the solid form (U{sub 3}O{sub 8}) may be assumed with confidence. We present here {sup 230}Th-{sup 234}U model-ages for several of these standards, determined by isotope dilution mass spectrometry using a multicollector ICP-MS, and compare these ages with their known production history.

Williams, R W; Gaffney, A M; Kristo, M J; Hutcheon, I D

2009-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

226

Absolute Ages of Globular Clusters and the Age of the Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main sequence turnoff luminosity is the best stellar `clock' which can be used to determine the absolute ages of globular clusters. This is due to the fact that it is generally assumed that the luminosity and lifetimes of main sequence globular cluster stars are independent of the properties of stellar convection and atmospheres, two areas of stellar evolution which are poorly understood. Several possible sources of error in this stellar clock are discussed, and isochrones are constructed using a variety of different physical assumptions. The mean age of the oldest globular clusters are determined from these isochrones and it is found that the uncertainties in the input physics can lead to changes in the derived age of $\\pm 15\\%$. Surprisingly the largest source of error is the mixing length theory of convection. It is well known that uncertainties in the distance scale and chemical composition of globular cluster stars lead to changes of order $\\sim 22\\%$ in the determination of absolute ages. Combining the various sources of error, the absolute age of the oldest globular clusters are found to lie in the range 11 --- 21 Gyr. This is meant to be a total theoretical range. For the standard inflationary model ($\\Omega = 1, \\Lambda = 0$), a minimum age of the universe of 11 Gyr requires $H_o \\la 60~\\kmsmpc$.

Brian Chaboyer

1994-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

227

Collaborative systems thinking : an exploration of the mechanisms enabling team systems thinking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aerospace systems are among the most complex anthropogenic systems and require large quantities of systems knowledge to design successfully. Within the aerospace industry, an aging workforce places those with the most ...

Lamb, Caroline Marie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Aging by epigenetics-A consequence of chromatin damage?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chromatin structure is not fixed. Instead, chromatin is dynamic and is subject to extensive developmental and age-associated remodeling. In some cases, this remodeling appears to counter the aging and age-associated diseases, such as cancer, and extend organismal lifespan. However, stochastic non-deterministic changes in chromatin structure might, over time, also contribute to the break down of nuclear, cell and tissue function, and consequently aging and age-associated diseases.

Sedivy, John M. [Brown University, Division of Biology and Medicine, Laboratories for Molecular Medicine, 70 Ship Street, Providence, RI 02903 (United States)], E-mail: john_sedivy@brown.edu; Banumathy, Gowrishankar [Fox Chase Cancer Center, 333 Cottman Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19111 (United States); Adams, Peter D. [Fox Chase Cancer Center, 333 Cottman Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19111 (United States)], E-mail: peter.adams@fccc.edu

2008-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

229

Monte Carlo Modelling of the Electron Spectra of 235U- and 239Pu- Films, Irradiated by Thermal Neutrons, Due to All Possible Mechanisms Excluding b-Decay. Comparison With Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electron energy spectra, not connected to b-decay, of 235U- and 239Pu-films, irradiated by thermal neutrons, obtained by a Monte Carlo method is presented in the given work. The modelling was performed with the help of a computer code MCNP4C (Monte Carlo Neutron Photon transport code system), allowing to carry out the computer experiments on joint transport of neutrons, photons and electrons. The experiment geometry and the parameters of an irradiation were the same, as in [11] (the thickness of a foil varied only). As a result of computer experiments, the electron spectra was obtained for the samples of 235U, 239Pu and uranium dioxide of 93 % enrichment representing a set of films of 22 mm in diameter and different thickness: 0,001 mm, 0,005 mm, 0,02 mm, 0,01 mm, 0,1 mm, 1,0 mm; and also for the uranium dioxide film of 93 % enrichment (diameter 22 mm and thickness 0,01mm), located between two protective 0,025 mm aluminium disks (the conditions of experiment in [11]) and the electron spectrum was fixed at the output surface of a protective disk. The comparative analysis of the experimental [11] and calculated b--spectra is carried out.

V. D. Rusova; V. N. Pavlovychb; V. A. Tarasova; S. V. Iaroshenkob; D. A. Litvinova

2004-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

230

Monte Carlo Modelling of the Electron Spectra of 235U- and 239Pu- Films, Irradiated by Thermal Neutrons, Due to All Possible Mechanisms Excluding b-Decay. Comparison With Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electron energy spectra, not connected to b-decay, of 235U- and 239Pu-films, irradiated by thermal neutrons, obtained by a Monte Carlo method is presented in the given work. The modelling was performed with the help of a computer code MCNP4C (Monte Carlo Neutron Photon transport code system), allowing to carry out the computer experiments on joint transport of neutrons, photons and electrons. The experiment geometry and the parameters of an irradiation were the same, as in [11] (the thickness of a foil varied only). As a result of computer experiments, the electron spectra was obtained for the samples of 235U, 239Pu and uranium dioxide of 93 % enrichment representing a set of films of 22 mm in diameter and different thickness: 0,001 mm, 0,005 mm, 0,02 mm, 0,01 mm, 0,1 mm, 1,0 mm; and also for the uranium dioxide film of 93 % enrichment (diameter 22 mm and thickness 0,01mm), located between two protective 0,025 mm aluminium disks (the conditions of experiment in [11]) and the electron spectrum was fixed at...

Rusova, V D; Tarasova, V A; Iaroshenkob, S V; Litvinova, D A

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Unitary scintillation detector and system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a unitary alpha, beta, and gamma scintillation detector and system for sensing the presence of alpha, beta, and gamma radiations selectively or simultaneously. The scintillators are mounted in a light-tight housing provided with an entrance window for admitting alpha, beta, and gamma radiation and excluding ambient light from the housing. Light pulses from each scintillator have different decay constants that are converted by a photosensitive device into corresponding differently shaped electrical pulses. A pulse discrimination system identifies the electrical pulses by their respective pulse shapes which are determined by decay time. The identified electrical pulses are counted in separate channel analyzers to indicate the respective levels of sensed alpha, beta, and gamma radiations. 10 figs.

McElhaney, S.A.; Chiles, M.M.

1994-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

232

THE EXTENSIVE AGE GRADIENT OF THE CARINA DWARF GALAXY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The evolution of small systems such as dwarf spheroidal galaxies (dSphs) is likely to have been a balance between external environmental effects and internal processes within their own relatively shallow potential wells. Assessing how strong such environmental interactions may have been is therefore an important element in understanding the baryonic evolution of dSphs and their derived dark matter distribution. Here we present results from a wide-area CTIO/MOSAIC II photometric survey of the Carina dSph, reaching down to about two magnitudes below the oldest main-sequence turnoff (MSTO). This data set enables us to trace the structure of Carina in detail out to very large distances from its center, and as a function of stellar age. We observe the presence of an extended structure made up primarily of ancient MSTO stars, at distances between 25' and 60' from Carina's center, confirming results in the literature that Carina extends well beyond its nominal tidal radius. The large number statistics of our survey reveals features such as isophote twists and tails that were undetected in other previous, shallower surveys. This is the first time that such unambiguous signs of tidal disruption have been found in a Milky Way 'classical' dwarf other than Sagittarius. We also demonstrate the presence of a negative age gradient in Carina directly from its MSTOs, and trace it out to very large distances from the galaxy center. The signs of interaction with the Milky Way make it unclear whether the age gradient was already in place before Carina underwent tidal disruption.

Battaglia, G. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, I-40127 Bologna (Italy); Irwin, M. [Institute of Astronomy, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB03 0HA (United Kingdom); Tolstoy, E.; De Boer, T. [Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, P.O. Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen (Netherlands); Mateo, M., E-mail: gbattaglia@oabo.inaf.it [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1090 (United States)

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

233

Understanding and managing the effects of battery charger and inverter aging  

SciTech Connect

An aging assessment of battery chargers and inverters was conducted under the auspices of the NRC's Nuclear Plant Aging Research (NPAR) Program. The intentions of this program are to resolve issues related to the aging and service wear of equipment and systems at operating reactor facilities and to assess their impact on safety. Inverters and battery chargers are used in nuclear power plants to perform significant functions related to plant safety and availability. The specific impact of a battery charger or inverter failure varies with plant configuration. Operating experience data have demonstrated that reactor trips, safety injection system actuations, and inoperable emergency core cooling systems have resulted from inverter failures; and dc bus degradation leading to diesel generator inoperability or loss of control room annunication and indication have resulted from battery and battery charger failures. For the battery charger and inverter, the aging and service wear of subcomponents have contributed significantly to equipment failures. This paper summarizes the data and then describes methods that can be used to detect battery charger and inverter degradation prior to failure, as well as methods to minimize the failure effects. In both cases, the managing of battery charger and inverter aging is emphasized. 5 refs.

Gunther, W. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)); Aggarwal, S. (Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Understanding and managing the effects of battery charger and inverter aging  

SciTech Connect

An aging assessment of battery chargers and inverters was conducted under the auspices of the NRC`s Nuclear Plant Aging Research (NPAR) Program. The intentions of this program are to resolve issues related to the aging and service wear of equipment and systems at operating reactor facilities and to assess their impact on safety. Inverters and battery chargers are used in nuclear power plants to perform significant functions related to plant safety and availability. The specific impact of a battery charger or inverter failure varies with plant configuration. Operating experience data have demonstrated that reactor trips, safety injection system actuations, and inoperable emergency core cooling systems have resulted from inverter failures; and dc bus degradation leading to diesel generator inoperability or loss of control room annunication and indication have resulted from battery and battery charger failures. For the battery charger and inverter, the aging and service wear of subcomponents have contributed significantly to equipment failures. This paper summarizes the data and then describes methods that can be used to detect battery charger and inverter degradation prior to failure, as well as methods to minimize the failure effects. In both cases, the managing of battery charger and inverter aging is emphasized. 5 refs.

Gunther, W. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Aggarwal, S. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

OH-initiated heterogeneous aging of highly oxidized organic aerosol  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The oxidative evolution (“aging”) of organic species in the atmosphere is thought to have a major influence on the composition and properties of organic particulate matter, but remains poorly understood, particularly for the most oxidized fraction of the aerosol. Here we measure the kinetics and products of the heterogeneous oxidation of highly oxidized organic aerosol, with an aim of better constraining such atmospheric aging processes. Submicron particles composed of model oxidized organics—1,2,3,4-butanetetracarboxylic acid (C{sub 8}H{sub 10}O{sub 8}), citric acid (C{sub 6}H{sub 8}O{sub 7}), tartaric acid (C{sub 4}H{sub 6}O{sub 6}), and Suwannee River fulvic acid—were oxidized by gas-phase OH in a flow reactor, and the masses and elemental composition of the particles were monitored as a function of OH exposure. In contrast to our previous studies of less-oxidized model systems (squalane, erythritol, and levoglucosan), particle mass did not decrease significantly with heterogeneous oxidation. Carbon content of the aerosol always decreased somewhat, but this mass loss was approximately balanced by an increase in oxygen content. The estimated reactive uptake coefficients of the reactions range from 0.37 to 0.51 and indicate that such transformations occur at rates corresponding to 1-2 weeks in the atmosphere, suggesting their importance in the atmospheric lifecycle of organic particulate matter.

Kessler, Sean H.; Nah, Theodora; Daumit, Kelly E.; Smith, Jared D.; Leone, Stephen R.; Kolb, Charles E.; Worsnop, Douglas R.; Wilson, Kevin R.; Kroll, Jesse H.

2011-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

236

Aging assessment of surge protective devices in nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect

An assessment was performed to determine the effects of aging on the performance and availability of surge protective devices (SPDs), used in electrical power and control systems in nuclear power plants. Although SPDs have not been classified as safety-related, they are risk-important because they can minimize the initiating event frequencies associated with loss of offsite power and reactor trips. Conversely, their failure due to age might cause some of those initiating events, e.g., through short circuit failure modes, or by allowing deterioration of the safety-related component(s) they are protecting from overvoltages, perhaps preventing a reactor trip, from an open circuit failure mode. From the data evaluated during 1980--1994, it was found that failures of surge arresters and suppressers by short circuits were neither a significant risk nor safety concern, and there were no failures of surge suppressers preventing a reactor trip. Simulations, using the ElectroMagnetic Transients Program (EMTP) were performed to determine the adequacy of high voltage surge arresters.

Davis, J.F.; Subudhi, M. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)] [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Carroll, D.P. [Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States)] [Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Automatic welding comes of age. [Offshore  

SciTech Connect

Automatic pipe welding systems today fall into three main categories: gas metal arc welding, gas-tungsten arc welding, and flash-butt welding. The first automatic welding devices used offshore were the CRC and H.C. Price systems. Both use gas metal arc welding with a consumable steel filler wire. The recently developed McDermott flash-butt welding system is described. (DLC)

Turner, D.L. Jr.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Multilevel converters for power system applications  

SciTech Connect

Multilevel converters are emerging as a new breed of power converter options for power system applications. These converters are most suitable for high voltage high power applications because they connect devices in series without the need for component matching. One of the major limitations of the multilevel converters is the voltage unbalance between different levels. To avoid voltage unbalance between different levels, several techniques have been proposed for different applications. Excluding magnetic-coupled converters, this paper introduces three multilevel voltage source converters: (1) diode-clamp, (2) flying-capacitors, and (3) cascaded inverters with separate dc sources. The operation principle, features, constraints, and potential applications of these converters will be discussed.

Lai, J.S.; Stovall, J.P. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Peng, F.Z. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)]|[Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Anti-Oxidants, Omega-3 Fatty Acids, and Cognitive Decline with Aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

neurobiology of cognitive aging”. Ageing Research Reviewsinterventions. Neurobiology of Aging , 133-136. Cutler, R.1991). Antioxidants and aging. American Journal of Clinical

Patel, Tanu Ashok

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Amplified Inception of European Little Ice Age by Sea Ice–Ocean–Atmosphere Feedbacks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The inception of the Little Ice Age (~1400–1700 AD) is believed to have been driven by an interplay of external forcing and climate system internal variability. While the hemispheric signal seems to have been dominated by solar irradiance and ...

Flavio Lehner; Andreas Born; Christoph C. Raible; Thomas F. Stocker

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "age excludes systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Amplified inception of European Little Ice Age by sea ice-ocean-atmosphere feedbacks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The inception of the Little Ice Age (~1400-1700 AD) is believed to have been driven by an interplay of external forcing and climate system-internal variability. While the hemispheric signal seems to have been dominated by solar irradiance and ...

Flavio Lehner; Andreas Born; Christoph C. Raible; Thomas F. Stocker

242

Effects of shear induced crystallization on the rheology and ageing of hard sphere glasses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is not at thermodynamic equilibrium. Introduction A large part of the interest in model colloidal systems such as hardEffects of shear induced crystallization on the rheology and ageing of hard sphere glasses N of highly concentrated suspensions of hard sphere particles are studied with particular reference

Schofield, Andrew

243

Aging assessment of essential HVAC chillers used in nuclear power plants. Phase 1, Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The Pacific Northwest Laboratory conducted a Phase I aging assessment of chillers used in the essential safety air-conditioning systems of nuclear power plants. Centrifugal chillers in the 75- to 750-ton refrigeration capacity range are the predominant type used. The chillers used, and air-conditioning systems served, vary in design from plant-to-plant. It is crucial to keep chiller internals very clean and to prevent the leakage of water, air, and other contaminants into the refrigerant containment system. Periodic operation on a weekly or monthly basis is necessary to remove moisture and noncondensable gases that gradually build up inside the chiller. This is especially desirable if a chiller is required to operate only as an emergency standby unit. The primary stressors and aging mechanisms that affect chillers include vibration, excessive temperatures and pressures, thermal cycling, chemical attack, and poor quality cooling water. Aging is accelerated by moisture, non-condensable gases (e.g., air), dirt, and other contamination within the refrigerant containment system, excessive start/stop cycling, and operating below the rated capacity. Aging is also accelerated by corrosion and fouling of the condenser and evaporator tubes. The principal cause of chiller failures is lack of adequate monitoring. Lack of performing scheduled maintenance and human errors also contribute to failures.

Blahnik, D.E.; Klein, R.F. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Outpatient physician billing data for age and setting specific syndromic surveillance of influenza-like illnesses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Syndromic surveillance is a novel automated approach to monitoring influenza activity, but there is no consensus regarding the most informative data sources for use within such a system. By comparing physician billing data from Quebec, Canada and hospital ... Keywords: ACIP, ARIMA, Age factors, Ambulatory care, CCF, CDC, ED, Epidemiology, ICD-9, ILI, Immunization programs, Influenza, Human, Medical Records Systems, Computerized, P&I, Population surveillance, RAMQ, RSV, Seasons, Syndrome

Emily H. Chan; Robyn Tamblyn; Katia M. L. Charland; David L. Buckeridge

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Distribution System Research Priorities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mark McGranaghan Mark McGranaghan EPRI ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM WORKSHOP Crystal City, VA September 24, 2012 Distribution System Research Priorities 2 © 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. The Power System Roadmaps start with a Vision Future Power System will require new technologies, infrastructure, and control systems 3 © 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. R&D Roadmaps - Coordination is Critical Roadmaps are living documents 4 © 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Developing the next generation grid * Industry needs new technologies, communication protocols, and information management methods - More variable generation sources and controllable loads - Aging infrastructure

246

Solar-powered turbocompressor heat pump system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The turbocompressor comprises a power turbine and a compressor turbine having respective rotors and on a common shaft, rotatably supported by bearings. A first working fluid is supplied by a power loop and is expanded in the turbine. A second working fluid is compressed in the turbine and is circulated in a heat pump loop. A lubricant is mixed with the second working fluid but is excluded from the first working fluid. The bearings are cooled and lubricated by a system which circulates the second working fluid and the intermixed lubricant through the bearings. Such system includes a pump, a thermostatic expansion valve for expanding the working fluid into the space between the bearings, and a return conduit system for withdrawing the expanded working fluid after it passes through the bearings and for returning the working fluid to the evaporator. A shaft seal excludes the lubricant from the power turbine. The power loop includes a float operable by liquid working fluid in the condenser for controlling a recirculation valve so as to maintain a minimum liquid level in the condenser, while causing a feed pump to pump most of the working fluid into the vapor generator. The heat pump compressor loop includes a float in the condenser for operating and expansion valve to maintain a minimum liquid working fluid level in the condenser while causing most of the working fluid to be expanded into the evaporator.

Landerman, A.M.; Biancardi, F.R.; Melikian, G.; Meader, M.D.; Kepler, C.E.; Anderson, T.J.; Sitler, J.W.

1982-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

247

Recycling came of age in 1994  

SciTech Connect

While metal and glass recycling have a long history, newer recycling efforts for paper and plastic have gone from a nascent business to maturing industry. After five years, sufficient infrastructure exists to support recycling as a full-fledged business. In the late 1980s, recycling was a business trying to get off the ground. Now it is recognized by many cities and states as a means of economic development and job creation. But recycling`s coming of age was not without growing pains. Many recyclers had to hang on while markets were poor and spotty. Gluts of plastic, waste paper, aluminum, and green glass often made it difficult for recyclers to turn a profit. Until early 1994, prices for most commodities were significantly low, and in some cases, these low prices forced recyclers and processors to close their doors, or at least curtail their operations.

Rabasca, L.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Dark Energy in the Dark Ages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-negligible dark energy density at high redshifts would indicate dark energy physics distinct from a cosmological constant or ``reasonable'' canonical scalar fields. Such dark energy can be constrained tightly through investigation of the growth of structure, with limits of \\la2% of total energy density at z\\gg1 for many models. Intermediate dark energy can have effects distinct from its energy density; the dark ages acceleration can be constrained to last less than 5% of a Hubble e-fold time, exacerbating the coincidence problem. Both the total linear growth, or equivalently \\sigma_8, and the shape and evolution of the nonlinear mass power spectrum for zenergy behavior over the entire range z=0-1100.

Eric V. Linder

2006-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

249

Differential aging from acceleration, an explicit formula  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a clock 'paradox' framework where an observer leaves an inertial frame, is accelerated and after an arbitrary trip comes back. We discuss a simple equation that gives, in the 1+1 dimensional case, an explicit relation between the time elapsed on the inertial frame and the acceleration measured by the accelerating observer during the trip. A non-closed trip with respect to an inertial frame appears closed with respect to another suitable inertial frame. Using this observation we define the differential aging as a function of proper time and show that it is non-decreasing. The reconstruction problem of special relativity is also discussed showing that its, at least numerical, solution would allow the construction of an 'inertial clock'.

E. Minguzzi

2004-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

250

Effects of aging and exercise training on structural and vasoconstrictor properties of skeletal muscle arterioles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging is associated with increases in regional and systemic vascular resistance and arterial blood pressure. One possible mechanism through which these age-associated alterations occur is enhanced vasoconstrictor responsiveness, or alterations in the structural properties of the resistance vasculature. We hypothesized that stiffness and vasoconstriction would be greater in skeletal muscle arterioles from old rats, and that endurance exercise training would ameliorate the associated with aging alterations. METHODS: Young sedentary (YS; 4 months), old sedentary (OS; 24 months), young trained (YT) and old trained (OT) male Fischer 344 rats were used. Training modality was treadmill exercise at 15 m/min up a 15o incline, 5 days/wk for 12wks. Skeletal muscle first-order arterioles were isolated for in vitro experimentation. Intraluminal diameter was measured in response to the cumulative addition of endothelin-1, norepinephrine, KCl, and isoproterenol. Stiffness was measure by examining the arterioles' stress and strain relation to increased luminal pressure in Ca++ free solution. RESULTS: Skeletal muscle arterioles had augmented vasoconstriction to endothelin-1 and norepinephrine. Adrenergic vasodilation was diminished in aged rat arterioles. Stiffness increased with age. Exercise training ameliorated the age-associated changes in stiffness and norepinephrine vasoconstriction. Exercise training did not alter endothelin-1 vasoconstriction or adrenergic vasodilation. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that enhanced vascular sensitivity to vasoconstrictors and increased arteriole stiffness may play a role in the increase in skeletal muscle and systemic vascular resistance and, thus, contribute to the elevated blood pressure which occurs in aging humans. These results also demonstrate some of the cardioprotective effects of exercise training.

Donato, Anthony John

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Energy age wind ltd Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

age wind ltd Co KG age wind ltd Co KG Jump to: navigation, search Name energy-age-wind ltd & Co. KG Place Telgte, Germany Zip 48291 Sector Wind energy Product Energy-age-wind aims to develop small scale vertical-axis wind turbines. References energy-age-wind ltd & Co. KG[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. energy-age-wind ltd & Co. KG is a company located in Telgte, Germany . References ↑ "energy-age-wind ltd & Co. KG" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Energy_age_wind_ltd_Co_KG&oldid=344826" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version

252

Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test Print Wednesday, 17 April 2013 07:23 Advanced ceramic composites can withstand the ultrahigh...

253

Influence of Thermal Aging on Microstructure and Mechanical ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The as-aged samples were subject to aging treatment for 1100h and 3000h at 600?, 1100h at 650?, after normalizing at 980? for 30min and tempering at ...

254

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print Wednesday, 25 February 2009 00:00 XPD helicase is an enzyme...

255

Aging Aluminum Alloy 7085 Mold Blocks Part II: Continuous ... - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 1, 2007 ... Aging Aluminum Alloy 7085 Mold Blocks Part II: Continuous Non-Isothermal Aging by J.T. Staley, Sr., E. Austin, D.B. Glanton, B. Godin, and G.

256

Aging Aluminum Alloy 7085 Mold Blocks Part 1 - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 1, 2007 ... Aging Aluminum Alloy 7085 Mold Blocks Part 1: Two-Step Aging by J.T. Staley; Sr.; H. Conrad; W. Crill; J. Grossman; and F. Skaria ...

257

From aging infrastructure to the unaparalleled UPF | Y-12 National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

From aging infrastructure ... From aging infrastructure to the unaparalleled UPF Posted: February 7, 2013 - 6:14pm | Y-12 Report | Volume 9, Issue 2 | 2013 The Uranium Processing...

258

Authority, polity, and tenuous elites in Iron Age Edom (Jordan)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Iron Age in southern Jordan (Shef?eld), 47–54. knauf, e.at Tawilan in southern Jordan (Oxford). bienkowski, p.the Iron Age in southern Jordan: A framework. In Bienkowski,

Porter, Benjamin W.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Age Dating of Mixed SNM--Preliminary Investigations  

SciTech Connect

Recently we investigated the nuclear forensics problem of age determination for mixed special nuclear material (SNM). Through limited computational mixing experiments and interactive age analysis, it was observed that age dating results are generally affected by the mixing of samples with different assays or even by small radioactive material contamination. The mixing and contamination can be detected through interactive age analysis, a function provided by the Decay Interaction, Visualization and Analysis (DIVA) software developed by NSTec. It is observed that for mixed SNM with two components, the age estimators typically fall into two distinct clusters on the time axis. This suggests that averaging or other simple statistical methods may not always be suitable for age dating SNM mixtures. Instead, an interactive age analysis would be more suitable for age determination of material components of such SNM mixtures. This work was supported by the National Center for Nuclear Security (NCNS).

Yuan, D., Guss, P. P., Yfantis, E., Klingensmith, A., Emer, D.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Theoretical Uncertainties in the Subgiant--Mass Age Relation and the Absolute Age of Omega Cen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The theoretical uncertainties in the calibration of the relationship between the subgiant mass and age in metal-poor stars are investigated using a Monte Carlo approach. Assuming that the mass and iron abundance of a subgiant star are known exactly, uncertainties in the input physics used to construct stellar evolution models and isochrones lead to a Gaussian 1-sigma uncertainty of +/-2.9% in the derived ages. The theoretical error budget is dominated by the uncertainties in the calculated opacities. Observations of detached double lined eclipsing binary OGLEGC-17 in the globular cluster Omega Cen have found that the primary is on the subgiant branch with a mass of M = 0.809+/-0.012 M_sun and [Fe/H]= -2.29+/-0.15 (Kaluzny et al. 2001). Combining the theoretical uncertainties with the observational errors leads to an age for OGLEGC-17 of 11.10+/-0.67 Gyr. The one-sided, 95% lower limit to the age of OGLEGC-17 is 10.06 Gyr, while the one-sided, 95% upper limit is 12.27 Gyr.

Brian Chaboyer; Lawrence M. Krauss

2002-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "age excludes systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

EVIDENCE FOR COMET STORMS IN METEORITE AGES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar system do so during the relatively brief (:5 4 Myr) comet storms.solar companion star (Muller, 1984). In order to understand the role played by comet storms

Perlmutter, S.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Atomistic Predictions of Age Hardening in Al-Cu Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atomic Scale Deformation Mechanisms of Amorphous Polyethylene under Tensile Loading · Atomistic Predictions of Age Hardening in Al-Cu Alloys.

263

Aging Effects on Craze Growth Under Stress Relaxation ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aging Effects on Craze Growth Under Stress Relaxation Conditions. Mats Delin and Gregory B. McKenna, Polymers Division ...

264

Evolution of local dynamics and mechanical aging in soft ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Evolution of local dynamics and mechanical aging in soft solids. James Harden, The Johns Hopkins University. This talk ...

265

Accelerated Environmental Aging Effects and In-Situ ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Accelerated Environmental Aging Effects and In-Situ Functional Testing of Commercial Photovoltaic Modules T ...

266

The Changing Face of Healthcare in the Electronic Age  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Changing Face of Healthcare in the Electronic Age Post Hearing Questions Submission by NIST. Question 1: As part ...

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

267

http://roa.sagepub.com/ Research on Aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

http://roa.sagepub.com/ Research on Aging http://roa.sagepub.com/content/32/4/499 The online online 5 March 2010Research on Aging Sheila Feld, Ruth E. Dunkle, Tracy Schroepfer and Huei-Wern Shen Spouses Published by: http://www.sagepublications.com can be found at:Research on AgingAdditional services

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

268

Genetics of Aging in Caenorhabditis elegans Adam Antebi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review Genetics of Aging in Caenorhabditis elegans Adam Antebi ABSTRACT A dissection of longevity Over the last 20 years, fundamental insights into the biology of aging have emerged through the study, the discovery that the single gene mutants age-1 and daf-2 could extend the short three-week life span 1­2-fold

Rosenberg, Noah

269

Time and Aging: A Physicist's Look at Gerontology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHAPTER 6 Time and Aging: A Physicist's Look at Gerontology Jos Uffink To enter as a physicist physics has lots of interesting things to say about time, it has very little to say about aging. Moreover, the little it has to say about aging has no practical relevance for gerontology. I will avoid trying

Seevinck, Michiel

270

Designing robotic avatars: are user's impression affected by avatar's age?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper explores the relationship between the aging cue of a robotic avatar and the level of intelligence and safety perceived by the elderly as users. This initial study found that the avatar aging cue indeed, affects the elderly in their perception ... Keywords: aging cue, avatar, elderly, embodied agent, interfaces, robotics, user experience

Angie Lorena Marin Mejia; Doori Jo; Sukhan Lee

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Aging, Estrogen Loss and Epoxyeicosatrienoic Acids Alison R. Lee1.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging, Estrogen Loss and Epoxyeicosatrienoic Acids (EETs) Alison R. Lee1. , Angela S. Pechenino1 loss, caused by menopause, and aging have inflammatory consequences. Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs cyclooxygenases and lipoxygenases. We hypothesized that aging and estrogen loss would reduce levels of anti

Hammock, Bruce D.

272

THE ROLE OF AGING AND ONCE-THROUGH-COOLED POWER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION THE ROLE OF AGING AND ONCE-THROUGH-COOLED POWER PLANTS IN CALIFORNIA Nyberg, Darryl Metz, Connie Leni. 2009. The Role of Aging and Once-Through-Cooled Power Plants .................................................................................................................5 CHAPTER 2: California's Aging and Once-Through-Cooled Plants

273

Minute Effects of Sex on the Aging Brain: A Multisample Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study of Healthy Aging and Alzheimer's Disease  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Age is associated with substantial macrostructural brain changes. While some recent magnetic resonance imaging studies have reported larger age effects in men than women, others find no sex differences. As brain morphometry ...

Fjell, Anders M.

274

Extruded Dielectrics for Transmission Cables: Evaluation of Aging Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the tasks proposed at the 2002 EPRI workshop on the aging of extruded transmission cables was to evaluate three recently developed theoretical aging models of electrical insulation. The three models were (1) the Thermodynamic Model of Aging of Extruded Insulation by J.P. Crine; (2) the Space Charge Aging Model by L.A. Dissado, G. Mazzanti, and G.C. Montanari (DMM); and (3) the Electromechanical Aging Model by T.J. Lewis. These three models are considered to be significant improvements over the emp...

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

275

The Sandia MEMS Passive Shock Sensor : dormancy and aging.  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of an aging experiment that was established in FY09 and completed in FY10 for the Sandia MEMS Passive Shock Sensor. A total of 37 packages were aged at different temperatures and times, and were then tested after aging to determine functionality. Aging temperatures were selected at 100 C and 150 C, with times ranging from as short as 100 hours to as long as 1 year to simulate a predicted aging of up to 20 years. In all of the tests and controls, 100% of the devices continued to function normally.

Baker, Michael Sean; Tanner, Danelle Mary

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

The bronze age shipwreck at Sheytan Deresi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the fall of 1973, the newly formed (American) Institute of Nautical Archaeology conducted its first systematic underwater survey of the southwestern coast of Turkey with the goal of locating the first shipwreck to be subsequently excavated by the Institute. Of the 18 wreck sites identified during the survey, a site off Sheytan Deresi (Devil’s Creek) proved to be the one that attracted George Bass, director of the survey, as most meriting further study. During the excavation that followed in September and October 1975, the site produced a number of complete and fragmentary ceramic vessels that formed the main artifact assemblage. Although the ceramic vessels brought to light at Sheytan Deresi have been studied by George Bass, Roxani Margariti and others since the 1975 excavation, locating precise parallels for the assemblage proved a difficult task and resulted in a less than full understanding of the site. The following thesis represents a renewed effort to answer a number of questions still surrounding the Sheytan Deresi site. In addition to expanding the extensive search for parallels undertaken by Bass and Margariti, recent research has involved a number of scientific analyses, including petrographic analysis of the ceramic assemblage, luminescence dating of ceramic fragments, and elemental examination of the fabric through neutron activation analysis and energy dispersive spectroscopy. The use of three-dimensional modeling has been adopted for the purposes of site interpretation. Although the impact of this more holistic approach cannot be entirely foreseen at this time, a number of interesting hypotheses regarding the site can now be suggested. It appears that the ceramic assemblage, which is now conclusively of a single origin, may be of a specialized maritime nature, and likely belongs to the Middle Bronze Age, reminiscent of, but entirely similar to, regional types of Anatolian and Cretan vessels. These tentative conclusions, as well as an examination of the site itself, suggest that the (Minoanizing) ceramic assemblage of Sheytan Deresi stood witness to a fairly small Middle Bronze Age coastal trading vessel that capsized rounding a dangerous cape, not far from its point of origin. We are still not in a position to fully comprehend the wrecking event that took place at Sheytan Deresi, but we are now firmly on course towards reaching that objective.

Catsambis, Alexis

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Weldable, age hardenable, austenitic stainless steel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An age hardenable, austenitic stainless steel having superior weldability properties as well as resistance to degradation of properties in a hydrogen atmosphere is described. It has a composition of from about 24.0 to about 34.0 weight percent (w/o) nickel, from about 13.5 to about 16.0 w/o chromium, from about 1.9 to about 2.3 w/o titanium, from about 1.0 to about 1.5 w/ o molybdenum, from about 0.01 to about 0.05 w/o carbon, from about 0 to about 0.25 w/o manganese, from about 0 to about 0.01 w/o phosphorous and preferably about 0.005 w/o maximum, from about 0 to about 0.010 w/o sulfur and preferably about 0.005 w/o maximum, from about 0 to about 0.25 w/o silicon, from about 0.1 to about 0.35 w/o aluminum, from about 0.10 to about 0.50 w/o vanadium, from about 0 to about 0.0015 w/o boron, and the balance essentially iron. (auth)

Brooks, J.A.; Krenzer, R.W.

1975-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

278

Aging and weathering of cool roofing membranes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aging and weathering can reduce the solar reflectance of cool roofing materials. This paper summarizes laboratory measurements of the solar spectral reflectance of unweathered, weathered, and cleaned samples collected from single-ply roofing membranes at various sites across the United States. Fifteen samples were examined in each of the following six conditions: unweathered; weathered; weathered and brushed; weathered, brushed and then rinsed with water; weathered, brushed, rinsed with water, and then washed with soap and water; and weathered, brushed, rinsed with water, washed with soap and water, and then washed with an algaecide. Another 25 samples from 25 roofs across the United States and Canada were measured in their unweathered state, weathered, and weathered and wiped. We document reduction in reflectivity resulted from various soiling mechanisms and provide data on the effectiveness of various cleaning approaches. Results indicate that although the majority of samples after being washed with detergent could be brought to within 90% of their unweathered reflectivity, in some instances an algaecide was required to restore this level of reflectivity.

Akbari, Hashem; Berhe, Asmeret A.; Levinson, Ronnen; Graveline,Stanley; Foley, Kevin; Delgado, Ana H.; Paroli, Ralph M.

2005-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

279

Influence of delay step conditions between quenching and aging on the precipitation mechanisms in the alloy AlZnMg AA7028 aging process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Among precipitation-hardened alloys, the Al-Zn-Mg system includes the aluminium alloys with higher-strength. The relatively high solubility of Zn and Mg in aluminium makes it possible to produce a high density of precipitates, which results in a higher strength increase. AlZnMg low copper or copper free alloys have the advantage of being easily weldable and, moreover, they harden significantly at room temperature with respect to other weldable aluminium alloys. Due to the remarkable degree of natural aging achieved by AA7000 alloys, the time interval at room temperature between quenching and the beginning of the artificial aging treatment is a variable that must be taken into account. This work was undertaken to evaluate the influence of cooling kinetics at quenching on alloy mechanical characteristics in artificial aging at several temperatures T{sub 2}. The effect of variables that define delays after quenching, basically time t{sub 1} and temperature T{sub 1} was also analyzed. Likewise, this work studies microstructural evolution of material exposed to aging treatments, resulting from the combination of the above mentioned variables.

Calatayud, A. [Univ. de Castilla-La Mancha, Albacete (Spain). Ciencia de los Materiales] [Univ. de Castilla-La Mancha, Albacete (Spain). Ciencia de los Materiales; Ferrer, C.; Amigo, V.; Salvador, M.D. [Univ. Politecnica de Valencia (Spain). Ingenieria Mecanica y de los Materiales] [Univ. Politecnica de Valencia (Spain). Ingenieria Mecanica y de los Materiales

1997-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

280

INFORMATION ON THE SYSTEM FOR AWARD MANAGEMENT (SAM)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ON THE SYSTEM FOR AWARD MANAGEMENT (SAM) ON THE SYSTEM FOR AWARD MANAGEMENT (SAM) Eight federal procurement systems and the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance will be combined into one new system, the System for Award Management (SAM). The overarching benefits of SAM include streamlined and integrated processes, elimination of data redundancies, and reduced costs while providing improved capability. Capability of the individual systems is expected to be available to users via SAM in stages, starting with Entity Management (Central Contractor Registration (CCR), Federal Agency Regulation (FedReg), Online Representatives and Certification Application (ORCA) and the Excluded Parties List System (EPLS)) beginning May 29, 2012. After implementation of SAM, when users go to the CCR/FedReg, ORCA, or EPLS websites, they'll be

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "age excludes systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Aging effects in palladium and LaNi{sub 4.25}Al{sub 0.75} tritides  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Palladium and LaNi{sub 5-x}Al{sub x} (x=0.30, 0.75, 0.85), which form reversible hydrides, are used for tritium processing and storage in the Savannah River Site (SRS) tritium facilities. As part of a program to develop technology based on the use of reversible metal hydrides for tritium processing and storage, the effects of aging on the thermodynamic behavior of palladium and LaNi{sub 4.25}Al{sub 0. 75} tritides are under investigation. During aging, the {sup 3}He tritium decay product remains in the tritide lattice and changes the thermodynamics of the tritium-metal tritide system. Aging effects in 755-day-aged palladium and 1423-day-aged LaNi{sub 4.25}Al{sub 0.75} tritides will be reported. Changes in the thermodynamics were determined by measuring tritium desorption isotherms on aging samples. In palladium, aging decreases the desorption isotherm plateau pressure and changes the {alpha}-phase portion of the isotherm. Aging-induced changes in desorption isotherms are more drastic in LaNi{sub 4.25}Al{sub 0.75}. Among the changes noted are: (1) decreased isotherm plateau pressure, (2) increased isotherm plateau slope, and (3) appearance of deep-trapped tritium, removable only by exchange with deuterium.

Nobile, A.; Wermer, J.R.; Walters, R.T.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

282

Collected Field Data on Electronic Part Failures and Guidelines for the Monitoring of Aging of Instrumentation and Control (I&C) Ele ctronic Components  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Failures of instrumentation and control (I&C) systems due to aging of electronic boards and components may have an immediate negative impact on plant reliability and availability. Failures also affect long-term plant performance and safety. Aging management technologies based on predicting failures and aging mechanisms should allow optimization of preventive maintenance activities and scheduling by helping define cost-effective, condition-based maintenance programs. This work supports these ...

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Nuclear Deterrence in the Age of Nonproliferation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fallacy of zero nuclear weapons, even as a virtual goal, is discussed. Because the complete abolition of nuclear weapons is not verifiable, nuclear weapons will always play a role in the calculus of assure, dissuade, deter and defeat (ADDD). However, the relative contribution of nuclear weapons to international security has diminished. To reconstitute the Cold War nuclear capability, with respect to both the nuclear weapons capability and their associated delivery systems, is fiscally daunting and not warranted due to competing budgetary pressures and their relative contribution to international security and nonproliferation. A proposed pathway to a sustainable nuclear weapons capability end-state is suggested which provides enough ADDD; a Dyad composed of fewer delivery and weapon systems, with trickle production at the National Laboratories and private sector to maintain capability and guard against technological surprise.

Richardson, J

2009-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

284

Mechanical probing of liquid foam aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present experimental results on the Stokes experiment performed in a 3D dry liquid foam. The system is used as a rheometric tool : from the force exerted on a 1cm glass bead, plunged at controlled velocity in the foam in a quasi static regime, local foam properties are probed around the sphere. With this original and simple technique, we show the possibility of measuring the foam shear modulus, the gravity drainage rate and the evolution of the bubble size during coarsening.

Isabelle Cantat; Olivier Pitois

2006-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

285

Aging assessment of essential HVAC chillers used in nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect

The Pacific Northwest Laboratory conducted a comprehensive aging assessment of chillers used in the essential safety air-conditioning systems in nuclear power plants (NPPs). The chillers used, and air-conditioning systems served, vary in design from plant to plant. The review of operating experience indicated that chillers experience aging degradation and failures. The primary aging factors of concern for chillers include vibration, excessive temperatures and pressures, thermal cycling, chemical attack, and poor quality cooling water. The evaluation of Licensee Event Reports (LERs) indicated that about 38% of the failures were primarily related to aging, 55% were partially aging related, and 7% of the failures were unassignable. About 25% of the failures were primarily caused by human, design, procedure, and other errors. The large number of errors is probably directly related to the complexity of chillers and their interfacing systems. Nearly all of the LERs were the result of entering plant Technical Specification Limiting Condition for Operation (LCO) that initiated remedial actions like plant shutdown procedures. The trend for chiller-related LERs has stabilized at about 0.13 LERs per plant year since 1988. Carefully following the vendor procedures and monitoring the equipment can help to minimize and/or eliminate most of the premature failures. Recording equipment performance can be useful for trending analysis. Periodic operation for a few hours on a weekly or monthly basis is useful to remove moisture and non-condensable gases that gradually build up inside the chiller. Chiller pressurization kits are available that will help minimize the amount of moisture and air ingress to low-pressure chillers during standby periods. The assessment of service life condition monitoring of chillers indicated there are many simple to sophisticated methods available that can help in chiller surveillance and monitoring.

Blahnik, D.E.; Camp, T.W.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Slow dynamics, aging, and glassy rheology in soft and living matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore the origins of slow dynamics, aging and glassy rheology in soft and living matter. Non-diffusive slow dynamics and aging in materials characterised by crowding of the constituents can be explained in terms of structural rearrangement or remodelling events that occur within the jammed state. In this context, we introduce the jamming phase diagram proposed by Liu and Nagel to understand the ergodic-nonergodic transition in these systems, and discuss recent theoretical attempts to explain the unusual, faster-than-exponential dynamical structure factors observed in jammed soft materials. We next focus on the anomalous rheology (flow and deformation behaviour) ubiquitous in soft matter characterised by metastability and structural disorder, and refer to the Soft Glassy Rheology (SGR) model that quantifies the mechanical response of these systems and predicts aging under suitable conditions. As part of a survey of experimental work related to these issues, we present x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy (XPCS) results of the aging of laponite clay suspensions following rejuvenation. We conclude by exploring the scientific literature for recent theoretical advances in the understanding of these models and for experimental investigations aimed at testing their predictions.

Ranjini Bandyopadhyay; Dennis Liang; James L. Harden; Robert L. Leheny

2006-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

287

Cast Stainless Steel Aging Research Plan | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cast Stainless Steel Aging Research Plan Cast Stainless Steel Aging Research Plan Cast Stainless Steel Aging Research Plan This work plan proposes to build a systematic knowledge base for the thermal aging behavior of cast stainless steels (CASSs) within a limited time of five years. The final output of execution of the plan is expected to provide conclusive predictions for the integrity of the CASS components of LWR power plants during the extended service life up to and beyond 60 years. Mechanical and microstructural data obtained through accelerated aging experiment and computational simulation will be the key input for the prediction of CASS behaviors and for the integrity analyses for various CASS components. While the accelerated aging experiment and computational simulation results will comprise the main components of the knowledge base

288

Chelation: A Fundamental Mechanism of Action of AGE Inhibitors, AGE Breakers, and Other Inhibitors of Diabetes Complications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advanced glycation or glycoxidation end-products (AGE) increase in tissue proteins with age, and their rate of accumulation is increased in diabetes, nephropathy and inflammatory diseases. AGE inhibitors include a range of compounds that are proposed to act by trapping carbonyl and dicarbonyl intermediates in AGE formation. However, some among the newer generation of AGE inhibitors lack reactive functional groups that would trap reaction intermediates, indicating an alternative mechanism of action. We propose that AGE inhibitors function primarily as chelators, inhibiting metal-catalyzed oxidation reactions. The AGE-inhibitory activity of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers is also consistent with their chelating activity. Finally, compounds described as AGE breakers, or their hydrolysis products, also have strong chelating activity, suggesting that these compounds also act through their chelating activity. We conclude that chelation is the common, and perhaps the primary, mechanism of action of AGE inhibitors and breakers, and that chronic, mild chelation therapy should prove useful in treatment of diabetes and age-related diseases characterized by oxidative stress, inflammation and increased chemical modification of tissue proteins by advanced glycoxidation and lipoxidation end-products.

Nagai, Rhoji; Murray, David B.; Metz, Thomas O.; Baynes, John

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

In search of information on websites: a question of age?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To fight against info-exclusion in an aging society, it is important to make website information available to all generations. If we want to achieve this goal we need to know the impact of not only age but also gender, educational background and frequency ... Keywords: age differences, digital immigrants, digital natives, digital spectrum, digitalgap, eye-tracking, information search behaviour, navigation patterns, usability, web design

Eugène Loos

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Aging, Fragility and Reversibility Window in Bulk Alloy Glasses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-reversing relaxation enthalpies (DHnr) at glass transitions Tg(x) in the PxGexSe1-2x ternary display wide, sharp and deep global minima (~ 0) in the 0.09 age, in contrast to aging observed for fragile glass compositions outside the window. Thermal reversibility and lack of aging seem to be paradigms of self-organization which molecular glasses share with protein structures which repetitively and reversibly change conformation near Tg and the folding temperature respectively.

S. Chakravarty; D. G. Georgiev; P. Boolchand; M. Micoulaut

2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

291

Plant Engineering: Cable Aging Management Program Implementation Guidance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes issues identified during the initial implementation of low- and medium-voltage cable aging management programs by utilities and presents possible resolutions and guidance.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Age Inversiones in Media Ambiente AIMA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product Invests in projects that aim to generate energy from biodegradable residues and waste. References Age Inversiones in Media Ambiente (AIMA)1 LinkedIn Connections...

293

Cosmic age problem revisited in the holographic dark energy model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Because of an old quasar APM 08279 + 5255 at $z=3.91$, some dark energy models face the challenge of the cosmic age problem. It has been shown by Wei and Zhang [Phys. Rev. D {\\bf 76}, 063003 (2007)] that the holographic dark energy model is also troubled with such a cosmic age problem. In order to accommodate this old quasar and solve the age problem, we propose in this paper to consider the interacting holographic dark energy in a non-flat universe. We show that the cosmic age problem can be eliminated when the interaction and spatial curvature are both involved in the holographic dark energy model.

Cui, Jinglei

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Precipitates in Long Term Aging Al 5083 Alloy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Precipitates in Long Term Aging Al 5083 Alloy. Author(s), Gaosong Yi. On-Site Speaker (Planned), Gaosong Yi. Abstract Scope, Al 5083 alloy ...

295

Effects of Aging Parameters on the Mechanical Properties in Corson ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present study, the influences of solution treatments, prior cold drawings and aging treatments on mechanical properties in Corson alloy with high ...

296

Signatures of Dynamic Strain Aging – The Mechanical Threshold ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At elevated temperatures, but even at temperatures well below one-half the melting point, dynamic strain aging (DSA) can influence the stress-strain curve in

297

TIP Project Brief 090060 Robotic Rehabilitation of Aging ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... most of which, unfortunately, are aging and in ... reinforced polymers for civil infrastructure rehabilitation; the ... the East Bay Municipal Utility District; the ...

2011-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

298

Preoperational test report, primary ventilation system  

SciTech Connect

This represents a preoperational test report for Primary Ventilation Systems, Project W-030. Project W-030 provides a ventilation upgrade for the four Aging Waste Facility tanks. The system provides vapor space filtered venting of tanks AY101, AY102, AZ101, AZ102. The tests verify correct system operation and correct indications displayed by the central Monitor and Control System.

Clifton, F.T.

1997-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

299

Preoperational test report, vent building ventilation system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This represents a preoperational test report for Vent Building Ventilation Systems, Project W-030. Project W-030 provides a ventilation upgrade for the four Aging Waste Facility tanks. The system provides Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) for the W-030 Ventilation Building. The tests verify correct system operation and correct indications displayed by the central Monitor and Control System.

Clifton, F.T.

1997-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

300

AGES AND METALLICITIES OF CLUSTER GALAXIES IN A779 USING MODIFIED STROeMGREN PHOTOMETRY  

SciTech Connect

In the quest for the formation and evolution of galaxy clusters, Rakos and co-workers introduced a spectrophotometric method using modified Stroemgren photometry, but with the considerable debate toward the project's abilities, we re-introduce the system by testing for the repeatability of the modified Stroemgren colors and compare them with the Stroemgren colors, and check for the reproducibility of the ages and metallicities (using the Principle Component Analysis (PCA) technique and the GALEV models) for the six common galaxies in all three A779 data sets. As a result, a fair agreement between two filter systems was found to produce similar colors (with a precision of 0.09 mag in (uz - vz), 0.02 mag in (bz - yz), and 0.03 mag in (vz - vz)) and the generated ages and metallicities are also similar (with an uncertainty of 0.36 Gyr and 0.04 dex from PCA and 0.44 Gyr and 0.2 dex using the GALEV models). We infer that the technique is able to relieve the age-metallicity degeneracy by separating the age effects from the metallicity effects, but it is still unable to completely eliminate it. We further extend this paper to re-study the evolution of galaxies in the low mass, dynamically poor A779 cluster (as it was not elaborately analyzed by Rakos and co-workers in their previous work) by correlating the luminosity (mass), density, and radial distance with the estimated age, metallicity, and the star formation history. Our results distinctly show the bimodality of the young, low-mass, metal-poor population with a mean age of 6.7 Gyr ({+-} 0.5 Gyr) and the old, high-mass, metal-rich galaxies with a mean age of 9 Gyr ({+-} 0.5 Gyr). The method also observes the color evolution of the blue cluster galaxies to red (Butcher-Oemler phenomenon), and the downsizing phenomenon. Our analysis shows that modified Stroemgren photometry is very well suited for studying low- and intermediate-z clusters, as it is capable of observing deeper with better spatial resolution at spectroscopic redshift limits, and the narrowband filters estimate the age and metallicity with fewer uncertainties compared to other methods that study stellar population scenarios.

Sreedhar, Yuvraj Harsha; Rakos, Karl D.; Hensler, Gerhard; Zeilinger, Werner W. [University of Vienna, Institute of Astronomy, Tuerkenschanzstrasse 17, A-1180 Vienna (Austria); Odell, Andrew P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ (United States)

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "age excludes systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

ATOMIC STRUCTURE OF PRECIPITATES IN A Mg-Re SYSTEM ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 20, 2012 ... ATOMIC STRUCTURE OF PRECIPITATES IN A Mg-Re SYSTEM ... Though the age hardening response in Mg-Nd is established for a long time ...

302

Probabilistic Models for Life Cycle Management of Energy Infrastructure Systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The degradation of aging energy infrastructure systems has the potential to increase the risk of failure, resulting in power outage and costly unplanned maintenance work.… (more)

Datla, Suresh Varma

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Record linkage in an information age society  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As we move into the 21st century the acquisition, generation, distribution, and application of statistical knowledge in a timely fashion will become more important. Required are innovations in terms of the products, technologies, and the way in which we generate, disseminate, and use statistical data and information. It is anticipated that work units will shrink, funding will be limited, and there will be greater analytical uses of administrative, as well as survey and census data. There may need to be a fundamental rethinking and radical redesign of business processes and workplaces. Today’s market, customer values and technologies are changing rapidly. Standards, cooperation and collaboration of various agencies, and software developments are very important. Access and control of sensitive information as well as the technical aspects of confidentiality are necessary. Data integration of a number of different sources, including census, survey, registry and administrative files in a variety of economic and social areas are sometimes required. The quality of the statistical information is also of concern. One useful tool that has been developed for generating and using statistical data is computerized record linkage. Anticipated new developments and applications of this methodology for the 21st century are described. Emphasis is placed on the health area, particularly in these times of health reform. Over the past 15 years, generalized systems have been developed at Statistics Canada. Briefly described is a new version of a generalized record linkage system (GRLS.V3) that is being put into place to carry out internal and two-file linkages. With an earlier mainframe system, large-scale death and cancer linkages for members of survey and other cohorts have been shown to be practicable using the Canadian Mortality Data Base, the Canadian Cancer Data Base and the Canadian Birth Data Base. This approach has greatly reduced respondent burden, lowered survey costs, and greatly refined the detection and measurements of differences in geographic, socio-economic and occupational groups. Some of the past successes are described, particularly where longitudinal follow-up and creation of new sampling frames are required. For example, the Nutrition Canada

Martha E. Fair; Statistics Canada

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Aging, Generations, and the Development of Partisan Polarization in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alwin, Duane F. 1994. "Aging, Personality, and SocialDuane F. Alwin. 1989. "Aging and Susceptibility to AttitudeAging, Generations, and the Development of Partisan

Stoker, Laura; Jennings, M. Kent

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Aging Impacts Transcriptome but not Genome of Hormone-dependent Breast Cancers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biological basis linking aging with sporadic breast cancerTranslational Research at the Aging and Cancer Interface.Changes Associated with Aging. Cancer Res 2004, 64:8550-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Additive effects of aging and HIV infection on category verbal fluency : an analysis of component processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E. B. (2003). Alcohol, aging, and cognitive performance: Acomparison. Journal of Aging and Health, 15, 371-390.2006). Neural plasticity in the aging brain. Nature Reviews

Iudicello, Jennifer E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

DEGRADATION SUSCEPTIBILITY METRICS AS THE BASES FOR BAYESIAN RELIABILITY MODELS OF AGING PASSIVE COMPONENTS AND LONG-TERM REACTOR RISK  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conventional probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs) are not well-suited to addressing long-term reactor operations. Since passive structures, systems and components are among those for which refurbishment or replacement can be least practical, they might be expected to contribute increasingly to risk in an aging plant. Yet, passives receive limited treatment in PRAs. Furthermore, PRAs produce only snapshots of risk based on the assumption of time-independent component failure rates. This assumption is unlikely to be valid in aging systems. The treatment of aging passive components in PRA does present challenges. First, service data required to quantify component reliability models are sparse, and this problem is exacerbated by the greater data demands of age-dependent reliability models. A compounding factor is that there can be numerous potential degradation mechanisms associated with the materials, design, and operating environment of a given component. This deepens the data problem since the risk-informed management of materials degradation and component aging will demand an understanding of the long-term risk significance of individual degradation mechanisms. In this paper we describe a Bayesian methodology that integrates the metrics of materials degradation susceptibility being developed under the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Proactive Management of Materials of Degradation Program with available plant service data to estimate age-dependent passive component reliabilities. Integration of these models into conventional PRA will provide a basis for materials degradation management informed by the predicted long-term operational risk.

Unwin, Stephen D.; Lowry, Peter P.; Toyooka, Michael Y.; Ford, Benjamin E.

2011-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

308

Natural Versus Artificial Aging of Nuclear Power Plant Components  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Examination of test specimens, placed in eight operating reactors during this study, will provide information on the long-term aging effects of plant environments on cabling and electrical components. Material property data, when compared with measured degradation in artificially aged specimens, will help improve predictions of the safe, useful life of plant equipment.

1986-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

309

Twin boundary cavitation in aged type 304 stainless steel  

SciTech Connect

A transition from grain to twin boundary cavitation was observed in aged- and-creep-tested type 304 stainless steel. Evidence of twin boundary cavitation has also been observed for unaged material under certain test conditions. This same behavior was also found in aged type 316 stainless steel. Several possible reasons have been suggested for the absence of frequently observed grain boundary cavitation. (auth)

Sikka, V.K.; Swindeman, R.W.; Brinkman, C.R.

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

The effect of chrome adhesion layer on quartz resonator aging.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This SAND report documents a late start LDRD designed to determine the possible aging effects of a quartz resonator gold adhesion layer. Sandia uses quartz resonators for applications. These applications require a very stable frequency source with excellent aging (low drift) characteristics. These parts are manufactured by one of our qualified vendors outside Sandia Laboratories, Statek Corp. Over the years we, Sandia and the vendor, have seen aging variations that have not been completely explained by the typical mechanisms known in the industry. One theory was that the resonator metallization may be contributing to the resonator aging. This LDRD would allow us to test and analyze a group of resonators with known differentiating metallization and via accelerated aging determine if a chrome adhesion layer used to accept the final gold plating may contribute to poor aging. We worked with our main vendor to design and manufacture a set of quartz resonators with a wide range of metallization thickness ratios between the chrome and gold that will allow us determine the cause of this aging and which plating thickness ratios provide the best aging performance while not degrading other key characteristics.

Wessendorf, Kurt O.; Ohlhausen, James Anthony

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

The (safety-related) heat exchangers aging management guideline for commercial nuclear power plants, and developments since 1994  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy (DOE), in cooperation with the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and US nuclear power plant utilities, is preparing a series of aging management guidelines (AMGs) for commodity types of components (e.g., heat exchangers, electrical cable and terminations, pumps). Commodities are included in this series based on their importance to continued nuclear plant operation and license renewal. The AMGs contain a detailed summary of operating history, stressors, aging mechanisms, and various types of maintenance and surveillance practices that can be combined to create an effective aging management program. Each AMG is intended for use by the systems engineers and plant maintenance staff (i.e., an AMG is intended to be a hands-on technical document rather than a licensing document). The heat exchangers AMG, published in June 1994, includes the following information of interest to nondestructive examination (NDE) personnel: aging mechanisms determined to be non-significant for all applications; aging mechanisms determined to be significant for some applications; effective conventional programs for managing aging; and effective unconventional programs for managing aging. Since the AMG on heat exchangers was published four years ago, a brief review has been conducted to identify emerging regulatory issues, if any. The results of this review and lessons learned from the collective set of AMGs are presented.

Clauss, J.M.

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

A New Class of Risk-Importance Measures to Support Reactor Aging Management and the Prioritization of Materials Degradation Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the US fleet of light water reactors ages, the risks of operation might be expected to increase. Although probabilistic risk assessment has proven a critical resource in risk-informed regulatory decision-making, limitations in current methods and models have constrained their prospective value in reactor aging management. These limitations stem principally from the use of static component failure rate models (which do not allow the impact of component aging on failure rates to be represented) and a very limited treatment of passive components (which would be expected to have an increasingly significant risk contribution in an aging system). Yet, a PRA captures a substantial knowledge base that could be of significant value in addressing plant aging. In this paper we will describe a methodology and a new class of risk importance measures that allow the use of an existing PRA model to support the management of plant aging, the prioritization of improvements to non-destructive examination and monitoring techniques, and the establishment of research emphases in materials science. This methodology makes use of data resources generated under the USNRC Proactive Management of Materials Degradation program which addresses the anticipated effects of numerous aging degradation mechanisms on a wide variety of component types.

Unwin, Stephen D.; Lowry, Peter P.; Toyooka, Michael Y.

2010-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

313

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism that maintains the integrity of DNA. XPD is unique, however, in that pinpoint mutations of this single protein are responsible for three different human diseases: in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), extreme sensitivity to sunlight promotes cancer; Cockayne syndrome (CS) involves stunted growth and premature aging; trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by brittle hair and scaly skin, is another form of greatly accelerated aging. At the ALS, researchers from Berkeley Lab and The Scripps Research Institute recently solved the structure of XPD. The structure gives novel insight into the processes of aging and cancer by revealing how discrete flaws-as seemingly insignificant as a change in either of two adjacent amino acid residues-can lead to diseases with completely different physical manifestations.

314

Property:HostRockAge | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HostRockAge HostRockAge Jump to: navigation, search Property Name HostRockAge Property Type String Description Describes the age of the reservoir rock by epoch, era, or period per available data. This is a property of type Page. Subproperties This property has the following 10 subproperties: B Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area C Chena Geothermal Area D Desert Peak Geothermal Area G Geysers Geothermal Area R Raft River Geothermal Area Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal Area S Salton Sea Geothermal Area Steamboat Springs Geothermal Area W Wabuska Hot Springs Geothermal Area Pages using the property "HostRockAge" Showing 11 pages using this property. A Amedee Geothermal Area + Mesozoic + B Blue Mountain Geothermal Area + Triassic + C Coso Geothermal Area + Mesozoic +

315

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism that maintains the integrity of DNA. XPD is unique, however, in that pinpoint mutations of this single protein are responsible for three different human diseases: in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), extreme sensitivity to sunlight promotes cancer; Cockayne syndrome (CS) involves stunted growth and premature aging; trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by brittle hair and scaly skin, is another form of greatly accelerated aging. At the ALS, researchers from Berkeley Lab and The Scripps Research Institute recently solved the structure of XPD. The structure gives novel insight into the processes of aging and cancer by revealing how discrete flaws-as seemingly insignificant as a change in either of two adjacent amino acid residues-can lead to diseases with completely different physical manifestations.

316

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism that maintains the integrity of DNA. XPD is unique, however, in that pinpoint mutations of this single protein are responsible for three different human diseases: in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), extreme sensitivity to sunlight promotes cancer; Cockayne syndrome (CS) involves stunted growth and premature aging; trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by brittle hair and scaly skin, is another form of greatly accelerated aging. At the ALS, researchers from Berkeley Lab and The Scripps Research Institute recently solved the structure of XPD. The structure gives novel insight into the processes of aging and cancer by revealing how discrete flaws-as seemingly insignificant as a change in either of two adjacent amino acid residues-can lead to diseases with completely different physical manifestations.

317

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism that maintains the integrity of DNA. XPD is unique, however, in that pinpoint mutations of this single protein are responsible for three different human diseases: in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), extreme sensitivity to sunlight promotes cancer; Cockayne syndrome (CS) involves stunted growth and premature aging; trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by brittle hair and scaly skin, is another form of greatly accelerated aging. At the ALS, researchers from Berkeley Lab and The Scripps Research Institute recently solved the structure of XPD. The structure gives novel insight into the processes of aging and cancer by revealing how discrete flaws-as seemingly insignificant as a change in either of two adjacent amino acid residues-can lead to diseases with completely different physical manifestations.

318

The role of aging in resolving the ferrocyanide safety issue  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A chemical process called aging, in which stored ferrocyanide waste could be dissolved and dispersed among waste tanks, or destroyed by radiolysis and hydrolysis, has been proposed at the Hanford Site. This paper summarizes the results of applied research, characterization, and modeling activities on Hanford Site ferrocyanide waste material that support the existence of a chemical aging mechanism. Test results from waste simulants and actual waste tank materials are presented and compared with theoretical estimates. Chemical and energetic behavior of the materials are the key indicators of destruction or dispersion. Screening experiments on vendor-prepared sodium nickel ferrocyanide and the initial results from core sampling support the concept that aging of ferrocyanide is taking place in the waste tanks at the Hanford Site. This report defines the concept of waste aging and explains the role that aging could play in resolving the Hanford Site ferrocyanide safety issue.

Babad, H.; Meacham, J.E.; Simpson, B.C.; Cash, R.J.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

The distribution of stellar population age in galactic bars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent analysis of stellar populations in barred galaxies have focused on the spatial distribution of stellar population ages and metallicities. However, barred galaxies are complex objects where dynamical instabilities play a leading role in shaping any spatial distribution. The age distribution of stellar populations should thus be analyzed from the two points of view of stellar population evolution and dynamical secular evolution. Chemodynamical simulations of single barred galaxies with simple but realistic star formation and feedback recipes are used to produce face-on mass-weighted maps of stellar population ages. Luminosity-weighted maps in V-band are also displayed after calibrating the simulation with mass-to-light ratios provided by a synthesis population model. It is shown that inside a stellar bar two persistent diametrically opposed regions display a mean age lower than the surrounding average. These two low-age regions are due to the accumulation of young stellar populations trapped on elliptica...

Wozniak, H

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Aging management guideline for commercial nuclear power plants-pumps  

SciTech Connect

This Aging Management Guideline (AMG) describes recommended methods for effective detection and mitigation of age-related degradation mechanisms in BWR and PWR commercial nuclear power plant pumps important to license renewal. The intent of this AMG is to assist plant maintenance and operations personnel in maximizing the safe, useful life of these components. It also supports the documentation of effective aging management programs required under the License Renewal Rule 10 CFR Part 54. This AMG is presented in a manner that allows personnel responsible for performance analysis and maintenance to compare their plant-specific aging mechanisms (expected or already experienced) and aging management program activities to the more generic results and recommendations presented herein.

Booker, S.; Katz, D.; Daavettila, N.; Lehnert, D. [MDC-Ogden Environmental and Energy Services, Southfield, MI (United States)

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "age excludes systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Catastrophic senescence and semelparity in the Penna aging model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The catastrophic senescence of the Pacific salmon is among the initial tests used to validate the Penna aging model. Based on the mutation accumulation theory, the sudden decrease in fitness following reproduction may be solely attributed to the semelparity of the species. In this work, we report other consequences of mutation accumulation. Contrary to earlier findings, such dramatic manifestation of aging depends not only on the choice of breeding strategy but also on the value of the reproduction age, R, and the mutation threshold, T. Senescence is catastrophic when T\\leq R. As the organism's tolerance for harmful genetic mutations increases, the aging process becomes more gradual. We observe senescence that is threshold dependent whenever T>R. That is, the sudden drop in survival rate occurs at age equal to the mutation threshold value.

Pinol, C M N

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Globular Cluster Ages and the Formation of the Galactic Halo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Main sequence turnoff magnitudes from the recent set of Yale isochrones (Chaboyer \\ea 1995) have been combined with a variety of relations for the absolute magnitude of RR Lyr stars (\\mvrr) to calibrate age as a function of the difference in magnitude between the main sequence turn-off and the horizontal branch (\\dv). A best estimate for the calibration of \\mvrr is derived from a survey of the current literature: $\\mvrr = 0.20 \\feh + 0.98$. This estimate, together with other calibrations (with slopes ranging from 0.15 to 0.30) has been used to derive \\dv ages for 43 Galactic globular clusters. Independent of the choice of \\mvrr, there is no strong evidence for an age-Galacto\\-centric distance relationship among the 43 globular clusters. However, an age-metallicity relation exists, with the metal-poor clusters being the oldest. A study of the age distribution reveals that an age range of 5 Gyr exists among the bulk of the globular clusters. In addition, about 10\\% of the sample are substantially younger, and including them in the analysis increases the age range to 9 Gyr. Once again, these statements are independent of the \\mvrr ~relation. Evidence for age being the second parameter governing horizontal branch morphology is found by comparing the average \\dv ~age of the second parameter clusters to the normal clusters. The second parameter clusters are found to be on average 2 - 3 Gyr younger than the other clusters, which is consistent with age being the second parameter. These results suggest that globular clusters were formed over an extended period of time, with progressively more metal-rich globular clusters ($\\feh \\ga -1.7$) being formed at later times.

Brian Chaboyer; P. Demarque; Ata Sarajedini

1995-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

323

Aging Studies of Sr-doped LaCrO3/YSZ/Pt Cells for an Electrochemical NOx Sensor  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The stability and NO{sub x} sensing performance of electrochemical cells of the structure Sr-doped LaCrO{sub 3-{delta}} (LSC)/yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ)/Pt are being investigated for use in NO{sub x} aftertreatment systems in diesel vehicles. Among the requirements for NO{sub x} sensor materials in these systems are stability and long lifetime (up to ten years) in the exhaust environment. In this study, cell aging effects were explored following extended exposure to a test environment of 10% O{sub 2} at operating temperatures of 600-700 C. The data show that aging results in changes in particle morphology, chemical composition and interfacial structure, Impedance spectroscopy indicated an initial increase in the cell resistance during the early stages of aging, which is correlated to densification of the Pt electrode. Also, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy indicated formation of SrZrO{sub 2} solid state reaction product in the LSC, a process which is of finite duration. Subsequently, the overall cell resistance decreases with aging time due, in part, to roughening of YSZ-LSC interface, which improves interface adherence and enhances charge transfer kinetics at the O{sub 2}/YSZ/LSC triple phase boundary. This study constitutes a first step in the development of a basic understanding of aging phenomena in solid state electrochemical systems with application not only to sensors, but also to fuel cells, membranes, and electrolyzers.

Song, S; Martin, L P; Glass, R S; Murray, E P; Visser, J H; Soltis, R E; Novak, R F; Kubinski, D J

2005-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

324

Medical Waiver Male participants over 45 years of age and female participants over 55 years of age are required  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Medical Waiver Male participants over 45 years of age and female participants over 55 years of age are required to submit a Medical Waiver signed by their physician before participation in the Recreation of heart disease) are required to submit the Medical Waiver signed by their physician regardless

Spence, Harlan Ernest

325

The Health of Aging Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Adults in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

March 2011 The Health of Aging Lesbian, Gay and Bisexualpopulation-level data on aging LGB adults (ages 50-70)care appears similar for aging LGB and heterosexual adults,

Wallace, Steven P.; Cochran, Susan D.; Durazo, Eva M.; Ford, Chandra L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

The Relative Age of the Thin and Thick Galactic Disks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We determine the relative ages of the open cluster NGC 188 and selected Hipparcos field stars by isochrone fitting, and compare them to the age of the thick disk globular cluster 47 Tuc. The best fit age for NGC 188 was determined to be $6.5 \\pm 1.0$ Gyr. The solar metallicity Hipparcos field stars yielded a slightly older thin disk age, $7.5 \\pm 0.7$ Gyr. Two slightly metal-poor ($\\feh = -0.22$) field stars whose kinematic and orbital parameters indicate that they are members of the thin disk were found to have an age of $9.7\\pm 0.6$ Gyr. The age for 47 Tuc was determined to be $12.5 \\pm 1.5$ Gyr. All errors are internal errors due to the uncertainty in the values of metallicity and reddening. Thus, the oldest stars dated in the thin disk are found to be $2.8\\pm 1.6$ Gyr younger than 47 Tuc. Furthermore, as discussed by \\citet{Chb99} 47 Tuc has a similar age to three globular clusters located in the inner part of the Galactic halo, implying that star formation in the thin disk started within $2.8\\pm 1.6$ Gyr of star formation in the halo.

Wilson M. Liu; Brian Chaboyer

2000-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

327

Subsystem engineering and development of grid-connected photovoltaic systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The experience gained in fielding residential and intermediate sized photovoltaic application experiments is summarized. This experience is used to guide the engineering and development of array and power conditioning subsystems for grid-connected photovoltaic systems. A major consideration in this development effort is cost. Through innovative engineering, using a modular building block approach for the array subsystem, it is now possible to construct array fields, in moderate quantities, for about $52/m/sup 2/ excluding the photovoltaic modules. Similarly, results of power conditioning subsystem development indicate a projected cost of about $0.25/W/sub p/ for advanced units with conversion efficiencies in excess of 90%.

Burgess, E.L.; Post, H.N.; Key, T.S.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Aging phenomena in PMMA thin films -- memory and rejuvenation effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging dynamics in thin films of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) have been investigated through dielectric measurements for different types of aging processes. The dielectric constant was found to decrease with increasing aging time at an aging temperature in many cases. An increase in the dielectric constant was also observed in the long time region ($\\ge$11h) near the glass transition temperature for thin films with thickness less than 26nm. In the constant rate mode including a temporary stop at a temperature $T_a$, the memory of the aging at $T_a$ was found to be kept and then to be recalled during the subsequent heating process. In the negative temperature cycling process, a strong rejuvenation effect has been observed after the temperature shift from the initial temperature $T_1$ to the second temperature $T_2$($=T_1+\\Delta T$) when $\\Delta T\\approx -20$K. Furthermore, a full memory effect has also been observed for the temperature shift from $T_2$ to $T_1$. This suggests that the aging at $T_1$ is totally independent of that at $T_2$ for $\\Delta T\\approx -20$K. As $|\\Delta T|$ decreases, the independence of the aging between the two temperatures was found to be weaken, $i.e.,$ the effective time, which is a measure of the contribution of the aging at $T_1$ to that at $T_2$, is a decreasing function of $|\\Delta T|$ in the negative region of $\\Delta T$. As the film thickness decreases from 514nm to 26nm, the $|\\Delta T|$ dependence of the effective time was found to become much stronger. The contribution of the aging at $T_2$ to that at $T_1$ disappears more rapidly with increasing $|\\Delta T|$ in thin film geometry than in the bulk state.

Koji Fukao; Aiko Sakamoto

2004-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

329

AGE-1 WALLEYE POLLOCK IN THE EASTERN BERING SEA: DISTRIBUTION, ABUNDANCE, DIET, AND ENERGY DENSITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AGE-1 WALLEYE POLLOCK IN THE EASTERN BERING SEA: DISTRIBUTION, ABUNDANCE, DIET, AND ENERGY DENSITY performed at sea · Energy density estimated using bomb calorimetry for samples from BASIS and MACE surveys · Confirm ages of age-0 and age-1 pollock using otoliths · Distribution of age-1's further north than age-0

330

Forecasting cosmological constraints from age of high-z galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We perform Monte Carlo simulations based on current age estimates of high-z objects to forecast constraints on the equation of state (EoS) of the dark energy. In our analysis, we use two different EoS parameterizations, namely, the so-called CPL and its uncorrelated form and calculate the improvements on the figure of merit for both cases. Although there is a clear dependence of the FoM with the size and accuracy of the synthetic age samples, we find that the most substantial gain in FoM comes from a joint analysis involving age and baryon acoustic oscillation data.

C. A. P. Bengaly Jr.; M. A. Dantas; J. C. Carvalho; J. S. Alcaniz

2013-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

331

The Consortium for Social Work Training in Aging: Schools of social work in partnership with county departments of adult and aging services  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

knowledge and misconceptions about aging: Responses toPalmore's Facts on Aging quizzes. The Ger- ontologist,32,of Palmore's second facts on aging quiz from a true-false to

Scharlach, Andrew E; Robinson, B K

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

The Consortium for Social Work Training in Aging: Schools of social work in partnership with county departments of adult and aging services  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE CONSORTIUM FOR SOCIAL WORK TRAINING IN AGING: SCHOOLS OFan innovative collaborative training model that includedand aging services, and enhanced training capacity of county

Scharlach, Andrew E; Robinson, B K

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Boosting the immune system  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Boosting the immune system Boosting the immune system Name: Unknown Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: As a biology teacher at Hoffman Estates High School I asked my junior and senior students to fashion a question for the Ask A Scientist board. We are presently studying the immune system and my students want to know if there is any artificial or natural way in which to boost their immune systems? Can you help us with this concept? Thanks from 6th hour biology. Replies: Antioxidants like vitamin C & E would offer protection. Vitamin A strengthens mucus membranes to thwart invaders and enhance total resistance (not necessarily immunity). Being generally physically fit is a huge factor, but studies with professional athletes suggest a faster spread of viruses and other agents through their system. Ginseng, mineral springs (hormesis - low ionizing radiation stimulation), and other agents have not been proven beneficial scientifically. In general, if you minimize damage via UV and other radiation to the immune system, minimize the aging process, you will maximize your immune response. Since Louis Pasteur, we should not forget targeting specific immunity via vaccines. Also, bone marrow transplants will help those that are immunodeficient. It is hoped that biotechnology will produce antibodies and other agents to order, that will be the magic bullets against any immunoinvader.

334

Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test Print Wednesday, 17 April 2013 07:23 Advanced ceramic composites can withstand the ultrahigh operational temperatures projected for hypersonic jet and next-generation gas-turbine engines, but real-time analysis of the mechanical properties of these space-age materials at ultrahigh temperatures has been a challenge-until now. Researchers have developed the first testing facility that enables microtomography of ceramic composites under controlled loads at ultrahigh temperatures and in real-time. Using this facility, they have fully resolved sequences of microcrack damage as cracks grow under load at temperatures several hundred degrees higher than previously possible. The observations are key ingredients of the high-fidelity simulations used to compute failure risks under extreme operating conditions.

335

Retinal Diseases: Age-Related Macular Degeneration and Retinitis Pigmentosa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retinal Diseases: Age-Related Macular Degeneration and Retinitis Pigmentosa Retinal Diseases: Age-Related Macular Degeneration and Retinitis Pigmentosa Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is an eye disease primarily affecting the central vision regions in people age 60 and older. According to the Macular Degeneration Research Fund, a case of AMD is diagnosed in the United States every 3 minutes. Each year, 1.2 million of the estimated 12 million people with AMD will suffer severe vision loss. Patients with AMD have dark areas in their vision caused by fluid leakage or bleeding in the macula, the center of the retina that produces the sharpest vision. The brain initially compensates for these dark patches. Early cellular dysfunction or spotting in the macula may go undetected until the disease is in advanced stages.

336

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bioscience Bioscience Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism that maintains the integrity of DNA. XPD is unique, however, in that pinpoint mutations of this single protein are responsible for three different human diseases: in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), extreme sensitivity to sunlight promotes cancer; Cockayne syndrome (CS) involves stunted growth and premature aging; trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by brittle hair and scaly skin, is another form of greatly accelerated aging. At the ALS, researchers from Berkeley Lab and The Scripps Research Institute recently solved the structure of XPD. The structure gives novel insight into the processes of aging and cancer by revealing how discrete flaws-as seemingly insignificant as a change in either of two adjacent amino acid residues-can lead to diseases with completely different physical manifestations.

337

Links between persistent DNA damage, genome instability, and aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Links between persistent DNA damage, genome instability, and aging Links between persistent DNA damage, genome instability, and aging William Dynan Medical College of Georgia Abstract There is considerable overlap between cellular and molecular changes that occur in response to low doses of ionizing radiation and those that occur during aging. Both processes are characterized by accumulation of persistent DNA damage ("wear and tear" on the genome), accumulation of protein and lipid oxidation products, loss of regenerative capacity at the cellular and tissue level, and increased incidence of cancer. These observations support a hypothesis that exposure to low-dose ionizing radiation accelerates normal, aging-related tissue changes. We have investigated this hypothesis using a genetically tractable model organism, the Japanese medaka fish. The medaka is a whole-animal vertebrate

338

Author age prediction from text using linear regression  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While the study of the connection between discourse patterns and personal identification is decades old, the study of these patterns using language technologies is relatively recent. In that more recent tradition we frame author age prediction from text ...

Dong Nguyen; Noah A. Smith; Carolyn P. Rosé

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Users, technology and space in libraries in the digital age  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is a user research study of emerging issues in the use of libraries as public spaces and as information repositories in the digital age. Till recently strong physicality was attached to the library with the ...

G-Chandorkar, Tripti (Gore-Chandorkar)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Mo Type Phase in Long-Term Aged INCONEL Alloy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

FORMATION OF A PtzMo TYPE PHASE IN LONG-TERM AGED lNCONEL@ ALLOY 686. Michael G. ... formation of a low-temperature iutermetallic Pt*Mo type .

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "age excludes systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Influence of Zn Additions on Age Hardening Response and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... on Age Hardening Response and Microstructure of Mg-0.3at.%Ca Alloys. Author(s), Keiichiro Oh-ishi, Chamini L Mendis, Ryuichi Watanabe, Kazuhiro Hono.

342

Service settings for an aging society : a community ordering principle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current facility models used in the design of housing and service settings for older people encourage the development of urban, large scale, age-segregated institutional environments. Research has either unwittingly or ...

Nelson, Gaius Grant

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Tensile-property characterization of thermally aged cast stainless steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of thermal aging on tensile properties of cast stainless steels during service in light water reactors has been evaluated. Tensile data for several experimental and commercial heats of cast stainless steels are presented. Thermal aging increases the tensile strength of these steels. The high-C Mo-bearing CF-8M steels are more susceptible to thermal aging than the Mo-free CF-3 or CF-8 steels. A procedure and correlations are presented for predicting the change in tensile flow and yield stresses and engineering stress-vs.-strain curve of cast stainless steel as a function of time and temperature of service. The tensile properties of aged cast stainless steel are estimated from known material information, i.e., chemical composition and the initial tensile strength of the steel. The correlations described in this report may be used for assessing thermal embrittlement of cast stainless steel components.

Michaud, W.F.; Toben, P.T.; Soppet, W.K.; Chopra, O.K. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Figure 2. Stratigraphic Summary of Ages, Names and Rock Types...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2. Stratigraphic Summary of Ages, Names and Rock Types in the ANWR 1002 and Coastal Plain Area of the Alaska North Slope. Potentially Productive Reservoirs and Plays Assessed by...

345

OH-Initiated Heterogeneous Aging of Highly Oxidized Organic Aerosol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The oxidative evolution (“aging”) of organic species in the atmosphere is thought to have a major influence on the composition and properties of organic particulate matter but remains poorly understood, particularly for ...

Kessler, Sean Herbert

346

Compressive Seal Development: Combined Ageing and Thermal Cycling Compressive  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to evaluate the combined aging and cycling effect on hybrid Phlogopite mica seals with respect to materials and interfacial degradations in a simulated SOFC environment.

Chou, M.Y-S.; Stevenson, J.W.; Singh, P.

2005-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

347

Late Pleistocene Ice Age Scenarios Based on Observational Evidence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ice age scenarios for the last glacial-interglacial cycle, based on observations of Boyle and Keigwin concerning the North Atlantic thermohaline circulation and of Barnola et al. concerning atmospheric C02 variations derived from the Vostok ice ...

G. DeBlonde; W. R. Peltier

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism...

349

Effect of Isothermal Aging and Thermal Cycling on Interfacial IMC ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The growth of IMCs of SnAgCu/Cu solder joint in isothermal aging and thermal cycling, was investigated with the focus on the growth kinetics.

350

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bioscience Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair...

351

Effects of aging and exercise training on the mechanisms of Angiotensin II-induced vasoconstriction in rat skeletal muscle arterioles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging is associated with increases in regional and systemic vascular resistance and impaired ability to increase blood flow to active muscles during exercise. Aging enhances vasoconstrictor responsiveness in both humans and animals, and an increase in Angiotensin II-induced vasoconstriction is one possible mechanism for old age-associated increase in muscle vascular resistance. The purpose of this study was to determine 1) whether aging alters Ang II-induced vasoconstriction, 2) whether exercise training attenuates the age-associated alteration in Ang II-mediated vasoconstriction, and 3) the mechanism(s) through which aging and exercise training alter Ang II-induced vasoconstriction in rat skeletal muscle arterioles. Male Fischer 344 rats were assigned to 4 groups: Young sedentary (YS; 4 months), old sedentary (OS; 24 months), young trained (YT) and old trained (OT). Exercise-trained groups performed treadmill exercises for 60 min/day at 15 m/min, on a 15º incline for 5 days/week for 10-12 weeks. First-order (1A) arterioles were isolated from soleus and gastrocnemius muscles for in vitro experimentation. Intraluminal diameter changes were determined in response to the cumulative addition of Ang II (3×10-11 - 3×10-5 M). Ang II dose responses were then determined following the removal of endothelium and treatment with NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 10-5 M), a nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor. Ang II-induced vasoconstriction was augmented in the aged skeletal muscle arterioles, both in soleus and gastrocnemius muscles, and age-associated increases in Ang II-induced vasoconstriction were abolished with the removal of endothelium and with L-NAME. Exercise training ameliorated the age-induced increase in Ang II-vasoconstriction, and this alteration was eliminated by the removal of endothelium and with NOS inhibition. These findings suggest that aging enhances Ang II-induced vasoconstrictor responses in the arterioles from both soleus, high oxidative, and white portion of gastrocnemius, low oxidative glycolytic muscles, and this age-associated change occurs through an endothelium-dependent NOS signaling pathway. These results also demonstrated that exercise training can ameliorate the age-associated increase in Ang II vasoconstriction in the arterioles from both high oxidative and low oxidative glycolytic muscles through an endothelium-mediated NOS mechanism.

Park, Yoonjung

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Big Rock Point Aged Material Sampling Program -- Project Closeout Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In submitting an application for license renewal for a nuclear power plant, utilities must demonstrate that aging effects applicable to plant components will be effectively managed during the extended operating term. Destructive and non-destructive evaluation of components in operating plants provides particularly relevant information on aging effects and mechanisms that can be used to support a license renewal submittal. Such information is difficult to obtain. This report describes an effort to obtain ...

2002-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

353

Aging Chamber Report Tool (ACRT) Version 5.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 230kV Accelerated Aging Chamber is a multi-year test of more than 50 polymer and fiberglass components.  Photographic inspections occur twice a year.  Thousands of photographs accumulate making conventional reports difficult to read.  This reporting tool enables the reader to jump from component to component and inspection to inspection.  The reader can easily compare components at different levels of aging.  This tool will make reviewing the important results of this ...

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

354

Aging Chamber Report Tool (ACRT) v6.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 230kV Accelerated Aging Chamber is a multi-year test of more than 50 polymer and fiberglass components.  Photographic inspections occur twice a year.  Thousands of photographs accumulate making conventional reports difficult to read.  This reporting tool enables the reader to jump from component to component and inspection to inspection.  The reader can easily compare components at different levels of aging.  This tool will make reviewing the important results of this ...

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

355

Accelerated Aging Test of High-Temperature Conductor and Connectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of the research on high-temperature low-sag (HTLS) advanced conductors, this project investigates the long-term performance of commercially available advanced conductors to complement the field demonstration project, which provided information on handling and stringing of these conductors. The report provides preliminary results from the accelerated aging tests conducted on various types of HTLS conductors and their connectors. The objective of the accelerated aging tests is to determine the ...

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

356

NREL: Biomass Research - Marine Corps Taps NREL to Help Replace Aging Steam  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Marine Corps Taps NREL to Help Replace Aging Steam Plant with Efficient Marine Corps Taps NREL to Help Replace Aging Steam Plant with Efficient Biomass Cogeneration January 30, 2013 The 1940s central steam plant at the Marine Corps Recruiting Depot (MCRD) on Parris Island, seven miles south of Beaufort, South Carolina, has far exceeded its projected life and is no longer cost-effective to operate. MCRD staff tasked NREL to help replace this artifact with an efficient biomass cogeneration facility. NREL will assess needs and help develop a request for proposal for designing and constructing the new facility. After the initial site review, the NREL assessment team will: Verify existing resources and biomass costs Optimize facility size and location Model the entire system and generate a process flow diagram Estimate costs and create an economic evaluation

357

NREL: Technology Transfer - Marine Corps Taps NREL to Help Replace Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Marine Corps Taps NREL to Help Replace Aging Steam Plant with Efficient Marine Corps Taps NREL to Help Replace Aging Steam Plant with Efficient Biomass Cogeneration January 30, 2013 The 1940s central steam plant at the Marine Corps Recruiting Depot (MCRD) on Parris Island, seven miles south of Beaufort, South Carolina, has far exceeded its projected life and is no longer cost-effective to operate. MCRD staff tasked NREL to help replace this artifact with an efficient biomass cogeneration facility. NREL will assess needs and help develop a request for proposal for designing and constructing the new facility. After the initial site review, the NREL assessment team will: Verify existing resources and biomass costs Optimize facility size and location Model the entire system and generate a process flow diagram Estimate costs and create an economic evaluation

358

NREL: Technology Deployment - Marine Corps Taps NREL to Help Replace Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Marine Corps Taps NREL to Help Replace Aging Steam Plant with Efficient Marine Corps Taps NREL to Help Replace Aging Steam Plant with Efficient Biomass Cogeneration January 30, 2013 The 1940s central steam plant at the Marine Corps Recruiting Depot (MCRD) on Parris Island, seven miles south of Beaufort, South Carolina, has far exceeded its projected life and is no longer cost-effective to operate. MCRD staff tasked NREL to help replace this artifact with an efficient biomass cogeneration facility. NREL will assess needs and help develop a request for proposal for designing and constructing the new facility. After the initial site review, the NREL assessment team will: Verify existing resources and biomass costs Optimize facility size and location Model the entire system and generate a process flow diagram Estimate costs and create an economic evaluation

359

Ageing studies of resistive Micromegas detectors for the HL-LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Resistive-anode Micromegas detectors are in development since several years, in an effort to solve the problem of sparks when working in high flux and high radiations environment like in the HL-LHC (ten times the luminosity of the LHC). They have been chosen as one of the technologies that will be part of the ATLAS New Small Wheel project (forward muon system). An ageing study is mandatory to assess their capabilities to handle the HL-LHC environment on a long-term period. A prototype has been exposed to several types of irradiations (X-rays, cold neutrons, 60 Co gammas) up to an equivalent HL-LHC time of more than five years without showing any degradation of the performances in terms of gain and energy resolution. Beam test studies took place in October 2012 to assess the tracking performances (efficiency, spatial resolution,...). Results of ageing studies and beam test performances are reported in this paper.

J. Galan; D. Attie; E. Ferrer-Ribas; A. Giganon; I. Giomataris; S. Herlant; F. Jeanneau; A. Peyaud; Ph. Schune; T. Alexopoulos; M. Byszewski; G. Iakovidis; P. Iengo; K. Ntekas; S. Leontsinis; R. de Oliveira; Y. Tsipolitis; J. Wotschack

2013-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

360

DETERMINING THE EFFECTS OF RADIATION ON AGING CONCRETE STRUCTURES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management (DOE-EM) is responsible for the Decontamination and Decommissioning (D&D) of nuclear facilities throughout the DOE Complex. Some of these facilities will be completely dismantled, while others will be partially dismantled and the remaining structure will be stabilized with cementitious fill materials. The latter is a process known as In-Situ Decommissioning (ISD). The ISD decision process requires a detailed understanding of the existing facility conditions, and operational history. System information and material properties are need for aged nuclear facilities. This literature review investigated the properties of aged concrete structures affected by radiation. In particular, this review addresses the Savannah River Site (SRS) isotope production nuclear reactors. The concrete in the reactors at SRS was not seriously damaged by the levels of radiation exposure. Loss of composite compressive strength was the most common effect of radiation induced damage documented at nuclear power plants.

Serrato, M.

2010-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "age excludes systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Shale oil production system reference case study. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Material balances, utility balances, and overall processing schemes were developed for two reference shale oil production systems. For both cases, crushed and sized oil shale is fed into a mix of surface retorts specified for this study, which handle both coarse and fine ore. Case 1A produces an upgraded crude product suitable for refinery feedstock, and Case 1B produces a crude shale oil. The reference system uses room-and-pillar mining, three different types of retorts not unlike those proposed for the White River Shale Project on Federal Lease Tracts U-a and U-b, a straightforward upgrading of the raw shale oil to a refinery feedstock syncrude, and pipeline transportation of that product. In addition to the production of an upgraded product, there is also a modified system for producing raw shale oil that is minimally upgraded for pipeline transportation purposes. The capital cost estimate for the two reference cases has 26 cost elements, excluding, for example, any land or finance costs. A more complete list of excluded cost elements is provided in Section VII. The two distinct cases, production of raw and upgraded shale oil, were included to avoid foreclosing the issue of on- or off-site upgrading. The difference in estimated capital cost ($795M vs. $875M) amounts to about 10 percent.

Not Available

1979-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Evidence of aging effects on certain safety-related components  

SciTech Connect

In response to interest shown by the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), Principal Working Group I (PWG- 1) of the Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) conducted a generic study on the effects of aging of active components in nuclear power plants. (This focus on active components is consistent with PWG-l`s mandate; passive components are primarily within the mandate of PWG-3.) Representatives from France, Sweden, Finland, Japan, the United States, and the United Kingdom participated in the study by submitting reports documenting aging studies performed in their countries. This report consists of summaries of those reports, along with a comparison of the various statistical analysis methods used in the studies. The studies indicate that with some exceptions, active components generally do not present a significant aging problem in nuclear power plants. Design criteria and effective preventative maintenance programs, including timely replacement of components, are effective in mitigating potential aging problems. However, aging studies (such as qualitative and statistical analyses of failure modes and maintenance data) are an important part of efforts to identify and solve potential aging problems. Solving these problems typically includes such strategies as replacing suspect components with improved components, and implementing improved maintenance programs.

Magleby, H.L.; Atwood, C.L.; MacDonald, P.E.; Edson, J.L.; Bramwell, D.L. [Lockheed Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Accident sequence precursor events with age-related contributors  

SciTech Connect

The Accident Sequence Precursor (ASP) Program at ORNL analyzed about 14.000 Licensee Event Reports (LERs) filed by US nuclear power plants 1987--1993. There were 193 events identified as precursors to potential severe core accident sequences. These are reported in G/CR-4674. Volumes 7 through 20. Under the NRC Nuclear Plant Aging Research program, the authors evaluated these events to determine the extent to which component aging played a role. Events were selected that involved age-related equipment degradation that initiated an event or contributed to an event sequence. For the 7-year period, ORNL identified 36 events that involved aging degradation as a contributor to an ASP event. Except for 1992, the percentage of age-related events within the total number of ASP events over the 7-year period ({approximately}19%) appears fairly consistent up to 1991. No correlation between plant ape and number of precursor events was found. A summary list of the age-related events is presented in the report.

Murphy, G.A.; Kohn, W.E.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

364

EISA Compliance Tracking System Reports and Data | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EISA Compliance Tracking System Reports and Data EISA Compliance Tracking System Reports and Data EISA Compliance Tracking System Reports and Data October 8, 2013 - 2:06pm Addthis The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides links to reports and data illustrating Federal progress in meeting the requirements outlined in Section 432 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) (42 U.S.C. 8253(f)) available through the EISA 432 Compliance Tracking System (CTS). EISA 432 CTS Data Levels Top-tier agency aggregates, representing all reported data subject to the EISA 432 requirements Facility-level detailed data that excludes information for facilities that have requested exemption from public disclosure for national-security purposes. Access Data Federal Government Compliance Overview: View key CTS metrics and aggregates

365

Logistics 1: closed-loop, simulation-based, systems engineering approach to life cycle management of defense systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Assessing the life-cycle impacts of operations and maintenance decisions made for new or aging systems requires an accurate ability to measure and respond to uncertainty. Maintenance and parts requirements forecasts for fielded military systems are traditionally ...

Sean Connors; Julie Gauldin; Marshall Smith

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Reference Model for an Open Archival Information System ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... table of numbers representing, and understandable as, temperatures, but excluding the documentation that would explain its history and origin ...

367

Exercise training modulates apoptotic signaling in the aging rat heart  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging is characterized by a progressive decline in cardiac function. A critical contributor to the age-related impairment in heart function is the loss of cardiac myocytes through ??apoptosis??, or programmed cell death. A dramatic increase in the rate of apoptosis has been reported with aging in the rat left ventricle. In contrast, exercise training not only improves cardiac function, but also reduces the risk of heart disease. However, the ability of exercise training to modulate apoptotic signaling and apoptosis in the aging heart remains unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of exercise training on apoptotic signaling and apoptosis in the aging heart. We hypothesized that (1) aging would increase pro-apoptotic signaling and apoptosis in the rat left ventricle, and (2) exercise training would ameliorate upregulation of Bcl-2 family-driven apoptosis in the heart. Four and 25 month old Fischer-344 rats were assigned to four groups: young control (YC), young trained (YT), old control (OC), and old trained (OT). Exercise training groups ran on a treadmill for 60 min/day at 15 m/min (15? incline), 5 d/wk for 12 wk. Protein expression of Bax, Bcl-2, caspase-9, and cleaved caspase-3 was measured using Western immunoblot analysis. Apoptosis (DNA fragmentation) was assessed using a cell death detection ELISA. Bax levels in OC were dramatically higher (+176.0%) compared to YC. In contrast, exercise training resulted in a significant decrease (-53.4%) in Bax in OT compared to OC. Bcl-2 levels in OC were lower (-26.3%) compared to YC. Conversely, exercise training significantly increased Bcl-2 levels by 117.8% in OT compared to OC. Caspase-9 levels were higher (+98.7%) in OC than YC, while exercise training significantly reduced caspase-9 levels in YT (-52.6%) and OT (-76.9%), respectively. Aging resulted in a dramatic increase (+122.8%) in cleaved caspase-3 levels and a significant decrease (-32.9%) with exercise training. Finally, apoptosis (DNA fragmentation) significantly increased (+163.8%) with aging and decreased (-43.9%) with exercise training. These novel data indicate that aging increases pro-apoptotic signaling and apoptosis in the left ventricle, while exercise training is effective in diminishing pro-apoptotic signaling and apoptosis in the aging heart.

Kwak, Hyo Bum

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

ENGINEERED BARRIER SYSTEM FEATURES, EVENTS AND PROCESSES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to evaluate and document the inclusion or exclusion of engineered barrier system (EBS) features, events, and processes (FEPs) with respect to models and analyses used to support the total system performance assessment for the license application (TSPA-LA). A screening decision, either Included or Excluded, is given for each FEP along with the technical basis for exclusion screening decisions. This information is required by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) at 10 CFR 63.114 (d, e, and f) [DIRS 173273]. The FEPs addressed in this report deal with those features, events, and processes relevant to the EBS focusing mainly on those components and conditions exterior to the waste package and within the rock mass surrounding emplacement drifts. The components of the EBS are the drip shield, waste package, waste form, cladding, emplacement pallet, emplacement drift excavated opening (also referred to as drift opening in this report), and invert. FEPs specific to the waste package, cladding, and drip shield are addressed in separate FEP reports: for example, ''Screening of Features, Events, and Processes in Drip Shield and Waste Package Degradation'' (BSC 2005 [DIRS 174995]), ''Clad Degradation--FEPs Screening Arguments (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170019]), and Waste-Form Features, Events, and Processes'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170020]). For included FEPs, this report summarizes the implementation of the FEP in the TSPA-LA (i.e., how the FEP is included). For excluded FEPs, this analysis provides the technical basis for exclusion from TSPA-LA (i.e., why the FEP is excluded). This report also documents changes to the EBS FEPs list that have occurred since the previous versions of this report. These changes have resulted due to a reevaluation of the FEPs for TSPA-LA as identified in Section 1.2 of this report and described in more detail in Section 6.1.1. This revision addresses updates in Yucca Mountain Project (YMP) administrative procedures as they pertain to this report; the current procedures are addressed in Section 2. This revision also addresses updates to the technical basis in supporting analysis and model reports and corroborative documentation, as presented in Sections 4 and 6 of this report. Finally, Sections 4, 5, and 6 of this report provide additional information pertaining to the relevant FEPs-related Acceptance Criteria presented in ''Yucca Mountain Review Plan, Final Report'' (YMRP) (NRC 2003 [DIRS 163274], Sections 2.2.1.2.1.3 and 2.2.1.3.3.3).

Jaros, W.

2005-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

369

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print Wednesday, 25 February 2009 00:00 XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism that maintains the integrity of DNA. XPD is unique, however, in that pinpoint mutations of this single protein are responsible for three different human diseases: in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), extreme sensitivity to sunlight promotes cancer; Cockayne syndrome (CS) involves stunted growth and premature aging; trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by brittle hair and scaly skin, is another form of greatly accelerated aging. At the ALS, researchers from Berkeley Lab and The Scripps Research Institute recently solved the structure of XPD. The structure gives novel insight into the processes of aging and cancer by revealing how discrete flaws-as seemingly insignificant as a change in either of two adjacent amino acid residues-can lead to diseases with completely different physical manifestations.

370

Aging tests of ethylene contaminated argon/ethane  

SciTech Connect

We report on aging tests of argon/ethane gas with a minor (1800 ppM) component of ethylene. The measurements were first conducted with the addition of alcohol to test the suppression of aging by this additive, with exposure up to {approx}1.5 C/cm. Tests have included: a proportional tube with ethanol, another with isopropyl alcohol, and for comparison a tube has also been run with ethanol and argon/ethane from CDF`s old (ethylene-free) ethane supply. The aging test with ethanol showed no difference between the ethylene-free and the ethylene tube. Furthermore, raw aging rates of argon/ethane and argon/ethane/ethylene were measured by exposing tubes without the addition of alcohol to about 0.1 C/cm. Again, no significant difference was observed. In conclusion, we see no evidence that ethylene contamination up to 1800 ppM has any adverse effect on wire aging. However, this level of ethylene does seem to significantly suppress the gas gain.

Atac, M. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States); Bauer, G. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States)

1994-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

371

PDSF's Eliza File Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Eliza File Systems Eliza File Systems Eliza File Systems Storage at PDSF is organized by group and all partitions are exported to all the nodes in the cluster. Please note that files on these file systems are not backed up. It is the responsibility of users to back up their files themselves as necessary. Over the years at PDSF there have been incidents which resulted in a loss of data from disk, often related to aging hardware. Note that the way to display the SGE io units on the command line is "qconf -se global". Disk Vault Experiments SGE io units Disk Space (TB) Directories eliza1 Atlas 400 35 atlas eliza2 Atlas 200 35 atlas eliza5 Cuore, Kamland 400 34 cuore kamland eliza6 Alice, RNC, Star 400 34 alice rnc star eliza7 Dayabay 200 24 dayabay icecube

372

Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program: Materials Aging and Degradation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Materials Aging and Materials Aging and Degradation Technical Program Plan Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program: Materials Aging and Degradation Technical Program Plan Components serving in a nuclear reactor plant must withstand a very harsh environment including extended time at temperature, neutron irradiation, stress, and/or corrosive media. The many modes of degradation are complex and vary depending on location and material. However, understanding and managing materials degradation is a key for the continued safe and reliable operation of nuclear power plants. Extending reactor service to beyond 60 years will increase the demands on materials and components. Therefore, an early evaluation of the possible effects of extended lifetime is critical. The recent NUREG/CR-6923 gives a

373

Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test Print Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test Print Advanced ceramic composites can withstand the ultrahigh operational temperatures projected for hypersonic jet and next-generation gas-turbine engines, but real-time analysis of the mechanical properties of these space-age materials at ultrahigh temperatures has been a challenge-until now. Researchers have developed the first testing facility that enables microtomography of ceramic composites under controlled loads at ultrahigh temperatures and in real-time. Using this facility, they have fully resolved sequences of microcrack damage as cracks grow under load at temperatures several hundred degrees higher than previously possible. The observations are key ingredients of the high-fidelity simulations used to compute failure risks under extreme operating conditions.

374

Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test Print Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test Print Advanced ceramic composites can withstand the ultrahigh operational temperatures projected for hypersonic jet and next-generation gas-turbine engines, but real-time analysis of the mechanical properties of these space-age materials at ultrahigh temperatures has been a challenge-until now. Researchers have developed the first testing facility that enables microtomography of ceramic composites under controlled loads at ultrahigh temperatures and in real-time. Using this facility, they have fully resolved sequences of microcrack damage as cracks grow under load at temperatures several hundred degrees higher than previously possible. The observations are key ingredients of the high-fidelity simulations used to compute failure risks under extreme operating conditions.

375

Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test Print Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test Print Advanced ceramic composites can withstand the ultrahigh operational temperatures projected for hypersonic jet and next-generation gas-turbine engines, but real-time analysis of the mechanical properties of these space-age materials at ultrahigh temperatures has been a challenge-until now. Researchers have developed the first testing facility that enables microtomography of ceramic composites under controlled loads at ultrahigh temperatures and in real-time. Using this facility, they have fully resolved sequences of microcrack damage as cracks grow under load at temperatures several hundred degrees higher than previously possible. The observations are key ingredients of the high-fidelity simulations used to compute failure risks under extreme operating conditions.

376

Density and Tensile Properties Changed by Aging Plutonium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present volume, density, and tensile property change observed from both naturally and accelerated aged plutonium alloys. Accelerated alloys are plutonium alloys with a fraction of Pu-238 to accelerate the aging process by approximately 18 times the rate of unaged weapons-grade plutonium. After thirty-five equivalent years of aging on accelerated alloys, the dilatometry shows the samples at 35 C have swelled in volume by 0.12 to 0.14% and now exhibit a near linear volume increase due to helium in-growth while showing possible surface effects on samples at 50 C and 65 C. The engineering stress of the accelerated alloy at 18 equivalent years increased significantly compared to at 4.5 equivalent years.

Chung, B W; Choi, B W; Thompson, S R; Woods, C H; Hopkins, D J; Ebbinghaus, B B

2005-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

377

DOE-sponsored cable aging research at Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

Cables have been identified as critical components requiring detailed technical evaluation for extending the lifetime of Light Water Reactors beyond 40 years. This paper highlights some of the DOE-sponsored cable aging studies currently underway at Sandia. These studies are focused on two important issues: the validity of the often-used Arrhenius thermal aging prediction method and methods for predicting lifetimes in combined thermal-radiation environments. Accelerated thermal aging results are presented for three cable jacket and insulation materials, which indicate that hardening of the outside surface has an Arrhenius temperature dependence and correlates well with reductions in ultimate tensile elongation. This suggests that the indentor approach is a promising NDE technique for cable jacket and unjacketed insulation materials installed in thermally-dominated regions of nuclear power plants.

Gillen, K.T.; Clough, R.L.; Celina, M.; Wise, J.; Malone, G.M.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Age constraints on fluid inclusions in calcite at Yucca Mountain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The {sup 207}Pb/{sup 235}U ages for 14 subsamples of opal or chalcedony layers younger than calcite formed at elevated temperature range between 1.88 {+-} 0.05 and 9.7 {+-} 1.5 Ma with most values older than 6-8 Ma. These data indicate that fluids with elevated temperatures have not been present in the unsaturated zone at Yucca Mountain since about 1.9 Ma and most likely since 6-8 Ma. Discordant U-Pb isotope data for chalcedony subsamples representing the massive silica stage in the formation of the coatings are interpreted using a model of the diffusive loss of U decay products. The model gives an age estimate for the time of chalcedony formation around 10-11 Ma, which overlaps ages of clay minerals formed in tuffs below the water table at Yucca Mountain during the Timber Mountain thermal event.

Neymark, Leonid A.; Amelin, Yuri V.; Paces, James B.; Peterman, Zell E.; Whelan, Joseph F.

2001-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

379

Glassy Aging with Modified Kohlrausch-Williams-Watts Form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this report we address the question whether aging in the non equilibrium glassy state is controlled by the equilibrium alpha-relaxation process which occur at temperatures above Tg. Recently Lunkenheimer et. al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 055702 (2005)] proposed a model for the glassy aging data of dielectric relaxation using a modified Kohlrausch-Williams-Watts (KWW) form. The aging time dependence of the relaxation time is defined by these authors through a functional relation involving the corresponding frequency but the stretching exponent is same as the alpha-relaxation stretching exponent. We present here an alternative functional form directly involving the relaxation time itself. The proposed model fits the data of Lunkenheimer et. al. perfectly with a stretching exponent different from the alpha-relaxation stretching exponent.

Bhaskar Sen Gupta; Shankar P. Das

2007-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

380

Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test Print Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test Print Advanced ceramic composites can withstand the ultrahigh operational temperatures projected for hypersonic jet and next-generation gas-turbine engines, but real-time analysis of the mechanical properties of these space-age materials at ultrahigh temperatures has been a challenge-until now. Researchers have developed the first testing facility that enables microtomography of ceramic composites under controlled loads at ultrahigh temperatures and in real-time. Using this facility, they have fully resolved sequences of microcrack damage as cracks grow under load at temperatures several hundred degrees higher than previously possible. The observations are key ingredients of the high-fidelity simulations used to compute failure risks under extreme operating conditions.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "age excludes systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Investigating the Use of Ultrasonic Guided Waves for Aging Wire  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging wiring has become a critical issue to DoD, NASA, FAA, and Industry. The problem is that insulation on environmentally aged wire becomes brittle and cracks. This exposes the underlying conductive wire to the potential for short circuits and fire. The difficulty is that techniques to monitor aging wire problems focus on applying electrical sensing techniques that are not very sensitive to the wire insulation. Thus, the development of methods to quantify and monitor aging wire insulation is highly warranted. Measurement of wire insulation stiffness by ultrasonic guided waves is being examined. Initial laboratory tests were performed on a simple model consisting of a solid cylinder and then a solid cylinder with a polymer coating. Experimental measurements showed that the lowest order axisymmetric mode may be sensitive to stiffness changes in the wire insulation. To test this theory, mil-spec wire samples MIL-W-81381, MIL-W-22759/34, and MIL-W-22759/87 (typically found in aircraft) were heat-damaged in an oven, in a range of heating conditions. The samples were 12, 16, and 20 gauge and the heat-damage introduced material changes in the wire-insulation that made the originally flexible insulation brittle and darker in color. Axisymmetric mode phasevelocity increased for the samples that were exposed to heat for longer duration. For example, the phase velocity in the 20-gauge MIL-W-22759/34 wire changed from a baseline value of 2790m/s to 3280m/s and 3530m/s for one-hour exposures to 349 C and 399 C, respectively. Although the heat-damage conditions are not the same as environmental aging, we believe that with further development and refinements, the ultrasonic guided waves can be used to inspect wire-insulation for detrimental environmental aging conditions.

Insulation Assessment Robert; Robert F. Anastasi A; Eric I. Madaras B

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Effectiveness of storage practices in mitigating aging degradation during reactor layup  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the issues identified in the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s Nuclear Plant Aging Research program plan is the need to understand the state of ``mothballed`` or other out-of-service equipment to ensure subsequent safe operation. Programs for proper storage and preservation of materials and components are required by NRC regulations (10 CFR 50, Appendix B). However, materials and components have been seriously degraded due to improper storage, protection, or layup, at facilities under construction as well as those with operating licenses. Pacific Northwest Laboratory has evaluated management of aging for unstarted or mothballed nuclear power plants. The investigations revealed that no uniform guidance in the industry addresses reactor layup. In each case investigated, layup was not initiated in a timely manner, primarily because of schedule uncertainty. Hence, it is reasonable to assume that this delay resulted in accelerated aging of some safety-significant structures, systems, and components (SSCs). The applicable layup process is site-specific. The reactor type, climatic setting, operational status, and materials of construction are factors that strongly dictate the layup method to be used. The adequacy of current layup practices, and hence their impact on safety-significant SSCS, is not fully understood.

Enderlin, W.I.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Reliability testing of active SDHW components. Part III. Development of a fault detection system  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a fault detection system developed for solar domestic hot water systems that will assist the homeowner and repairman in detecting major operational faults with the system. A study by the Florida Solar Energy Center showed that most homeowners were unaware of how well their systems were operating. With this need in mind, we developed a system that will detect and display circulation failures, nighttime circulation, freeze protection failure, and overheating protection failure. Cost of the unit using retail prices for components is less than $55.00 (1985 $), excluding the sensors. Fault detection systems are necessary, since it is difficult for homeowners to know the status of their system. Our device is sufficiently developed for industry to use, although further development of some of the sensors and some cost reduction is necessary.

Farrington, R.B.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Table 2.9 Commercial Buildings Consumption by Energy Source ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

4 Beginning in 1995, excludes commercial buildings at multi-building manufacturing facilities, and parking garages. ... excludes electricity system ...

385

A Vital Legacy - Biological and Environmental Research in the Atomic Age  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental Research in the Atomic Age S e p t e m b e rEnvironmental Research in the Atomic Age September T o thesense that ours would be the Atomic Age. By the time of the

Vaughan editor, Douglas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

The impact of minimum age of employment regulation on child labor and schooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Promoting minimum age of employment regulation has been a centerpiece in child labor policy for the last 15 years. If enforced, minimum age regulation would change the age profile of paid child employment. Using micro-data ...

Edmonds, Eric V

387

Aging in Place: Smith, Media Texts and the Invisible Gendered Caregiver  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Timonen. 2007. Home Care for Aging Populations. Northampton,and John A Krout. 2004. ?Aging in Place in Different HousingFederal Interagency Forum on Aging-Related Statistics. 2008.

Storelli, Elizangela

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Aging effects on DNA methylation modules in human brain and blood tissue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

changes in chromosomes cause aging? Cell 1996, 86:9-12. 2.M: Cross-Talk between Aging and Cancer. Annals of the NewMF, Esteller M: Epigenetics and aging: the targets and the

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Circulating endothelial progenitor cells: a new approach to anti-aging medicine?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

findings from the Health, Aging and Body Composition Study.a new approach to anti-aging medicine? Nina A Mikirova 1 ,of the most fearful aspects of aging such as loss of mental,

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Aging of Alloy 617 at 650 and 750 Degrees C  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Alloy 617 has been selected as the primary candidate for heat exchanger applications in advanced reactors. For the VHTR this application could require extended service up to a reactor outlet temperature of 950°C. A key hurdle to using this alloy in the VHTR heat exchanger application is qualifying the alloy for Section III of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. In order to Code qualify the material it is necessary to characterize the influence of long term aging on the mechanical behavior. Alloy 617 has been aged at 650 and 750°C for times up to 5300 hours. The microstructure after aging has been characterized using optical and transmission electron microscopies. It has been determined that in addition to carbides, a significant volume fraction of ?’ phase (Ni3Al) is formed at these temperatures. The ?’ does not contribute significantly to changing the tensile or impact properties of the aged material. It does, however, appear to increase creep resistance and impede creep crack growth.

Julian Benz; Thomas Lillo; Richard Wright

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

The end of the age of oil David Goodstein  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(99 Quads) #12;Fossil Fuels Oil Natural gas Shale oil Methane hydrate Coal #12;Coal Hundreds, maybeOut of Gas The end of the age of oil David Goodstein Portland State University November 14, 2008 #12;Energy Myths $4.00 a gallon is too much to pay for gasoline Oil companies produce oil. We must

Bertini, Robert L.

392

Teaching graph algorithms to children of all ages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on our experiences in teaching graph theory and algorithms to school children, aged 5 to 17. Our objectives were to demonstrate that children can discover quite complex mathematical concepts, and are able to work with abstractions and use computation ... Keywords: abstraction, computational thinking, k-12 education, modelling, problem based learning

J. Paul Gibson

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Summary of potassium/argon age dating, 1979  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

During FY-79 the K/Ar dating laboratory at the Department of Geology and Geophysics of the University of Utah became operational. During the past calendar year forty-seven dates have been produced from areas predominantly in Utah. Dating has also been done on areas in Nevada and Montana through the State-Coupled program and Case Studies Support program. Areas in wich activity was concentrated include: Cove Creek Domes/Twin Peaks Area, SW Utah. Here volcanic activity spanned the time from 2.74 to 2.35 M.Y., with a mean age of 2.50 +- 0.14 M.Y. Black Rock Desert, SW Utah. Two dates on a single flow indicate an age of 1.49 +- 0.08 M.Y. for a flow previously undated. Wildcat Creek Area, SW Utah. Dating of rhyolite flows from this area gives a mean age of volcanism of 9.25 +- 0.16 M.Y., considerably older than previously inferred by the work of Haugh (1978). Mineral Mountains Pluton, SW Utah. Twelve dates on phases of the pluton indicate a complex history of intrusion, and more work is indicated in order to derive a coherent picture of the magmatic events leading to the formation of this batholith. Blackfoot Reservoir, Idaho. Two dates on rhyolite domes, previously updated, give ages of 1.56 +- 0.06 M.Y. and 1.28 +- 0.15 M.Y.

Evans, S.H. Jr.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

13 - Aging Effects on the ?´ and ?" Precipitates of Inconel 718 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finally a double-aging at 720 ºC, 8 h/FC at 57 ºC/h down to 620 ºC, 8 h/AC to precipitate both ?´ and ?"? phases. The precipitation of both ?´ and ?" phases were ...

395

The Age of Impatience: Optimal Replication Schemes for Opportunistic Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Age of Impatience: Optimal Replication Schemes for Opportunistic Networks Joshua Reich infrastructure is often ei- ther inadequate or overly expensive to fill the demand. Here, we study an alternative in the form of any monotonically decreasing delay-utility functions, we show that an optimal allocation can

396

Business need CISER's aged servers were at full  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Business need CISER's aged servers were at full capacity due to user growth of at least 20 percent- thirds, with Dell Networking enabling a virtualized server architecture designed by Dell Infrastructure Consulting Services. Benefits · Offers greater availability while cutting CPU utilization in half · Increases

Keinan, Alon

397

Ferrocyanide safety project ferrocyanide aging studies FY 1995 annual report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This annual report gives the results of the work conducted by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory in FY 1995 on Task 3 of the Ferrocyanide Safety Project, Ferrocyanide Aging Studies. Aging refers to the dissolution and hydrolysis of simulated Hanford ferrocyanide waste in alkaline aqueous solutions by radiolytic and chemical means. The ferrocyanide simulant primarily used in these studies was dried In-Farm-1B, Rev. 7, prepared by Westinghouse Hanford Company to simulate the waste generated when the In-Farm flowsheet was used to remove radiocesium from waste supernates in single-shell tanks at the Hanford Site. In the In-Farm flowsheet, nickel ion and ferrocyanide anion were added to waste supernates to precipitate sodium nickel ferrocyanide, Na{sub 2}NiFe(CN){sub 6}, and co-precipitate radiocesium. Once the radiocesium was removed, supernates were pumped from the tanks, and new wastes from cladding removal processes or from evaporators were added. These new wastes were typically highly caustic, having hydroxide ion concentrations of over 1 M and as high as 4 M. The Aging Studies task is investigating reactions this caustic waste may have had with the precipitated ferrocyanide waste in a radiation field. In previous Aging Studies research, Na{sub 2}NiFe(CN){sub 6} in simulants was shown to dissolve in basic solutions, forming insoluble Ni(OH){sub 2} and soluble Na{sub 4}Fe(CN){sub 6}. The influence on solubility of base strength, sodium ion concentration, anions, and temperature was previously investigated. The results may indicate that even ferrocyanide sludge that did not come into direct contact with highly basic wastes may also have aged significantly.

Lilga, M.A.; Alderson, E.V.; Hallen, R.T. [and others

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

application of direct aging to allvac 718plus™ alloy for improved ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

and scanning electron microscopes (OP and SEM). ... Transmission electron microscope (TEM) structures of materials subjected to solution-age and direct age ...

399

Phase Decomposition during Aging in an Al-22wt.%Zn Alloy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aging process was analyzed using a solution of the nonlinear Cahn-Hilliard equation by the explicit finite difference method. Besides, the aging process was

400

AGING PERFORMANCE OF MODEL 9975 PACKAGE FLUOROELASTOMER O-RINGS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of temperature and radiation on Viton{reg_sign} GLT and GLT-S fluoroelastomer O-rings is an ongoing research focus at the Savannah River National Laboratory. The O-rings are credited for leaktight containment in the Model 9975 shipping package used for transportation of plutonium-bearing materials. At the Savannah River Site, the Model 9975 packages are being used for interim storage. Primary research efforts have focused on surveillance of O-rings from actual packages, leak testing of seals at bounding aging conditions and the effect of aging temperature on compression stress relaxation behavior, with the goal of service life prediction for long-term storage conditions. Recently, an additional effort to evaluate the effect of aging temperature on the oxidation of the materials has begun. Degradation in the mechanical properties of elastomers is directly related to the oxidation of the polymer. Sensitive measurements of the oxidation rate can be performed in a more timely manner than waiting for a measurable change in mechanical properties, especially at service temperatures. Measuring the oxidation rate therefore provides a means to validate the assumption that the degradation mechanisms(s) do not change from the elevated temperatures used for accelerated aging and the lower service temperatures. Monitoring the amount of oxygen uptake by the material over time at various temperatures can provide increased confidence in lifetime predictions. Preliminary oxygen consumption analysis of a Viton GLT-based fluoroelastomer compound (Parker V0835-75) using an Oxzilla II differential oxygen analyzer in the temperature range of 40-120 C was performed. Early data suggests oxygen consumption rates may level off within the first 100,000 hours (10-12 years) at 40 C and that sharp changes in the degradation mechanism (stress-relaxation) are not expected over the temperature range examined. This is consistent with the known long-term heat aging resistance of fluoroelastomers relative to hydrocarbon-based elastomers, and in absence of antioxidants that may be consumed over time. Additional experimental effort will be undertaken in the short term range within the first 100 hours of thermal aging to capture further details of the oxygen consumption rate.

Hoffman, E.; Daugherty, W.; Skidmore, E.; Dunn, K.; Fisher, D.

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "age excludes systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Magnitude systems in old star catalogues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The current system of stellar magnitudes first introduced by Hipparchus was strictly defined by Norman Robert Pogson in 1856. He based his system on Ptolemy’s star catalogue ‘Almagest’, recorded in about 137 A.D., and defined the magnitude-intensity relationship on a logarithmic scale. Stellar magnitudes observed with the naked eye recorded in seven old star catalogues were analyzed in order to examine the visual magnitude systems. Despite that psychophysists have proposed that human’s sensitivities are on a power-law scale, it is shown that the degree of agreement is far better for a logarithmic magnitude than a power-law magnitude. It is also found that light ratios in each star catalogue nearly equal to 2.512, excluding the brightest (1st) and the dimmest (6th and dimmer) stars being unsuitable for the examination. It means that the visual magnitudes in old star catalogues fully agree with Pogson’s logarithmic scale. keywords stars: general – historical star catalogues – stellar magnitude system – visual magnitude estimates – astronomical photometry 1

Tomoko Fujiwara; Hitoshi Yamaoka

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

NETL: Gasification Systems - Feed Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Feed Systems Gasification Systems Feed Systems Research on commercial gasifier feed systems is occurring in two primary areas of fuel (i.e. coal, biomass, etc.) feed and advanced...

403

Long-Term Operations Program: Assessment of Research and Development Supporting Aging Management Programs for Long-Term Operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presently, U.S. nuclear utilities and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) are discussing a second round of plant license renewals, termed subsequent license renewal (SLR). For the U.S. plants this could mean extending a plant’s operating license from 60 years to 80. To achieve safe and reliable operation for such an extended period will require a comprehensive technical understanding of aging degradation effects on nuclear plant systems, structures, and components (SSCs). EPRI ...

2013-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

404

Estimating Reliability of Critical Distribution System Components  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI has been developing methods for distribution planning since 1992. At that time, research directed at the concept of distributed resources begun by EPRI, Pacific Gas & Electric, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory led to further consideration of distribution planning in general. More recently this analysis has raised the issue of aging of the distribution infrastructure and how to optimize maintenance and replacement of aging systems. This report discusses: 1) research into the prediction of...

2003-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

405

Circuit Breaker Lubrication - Assessment of Field-Aged Bearings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

 The life cycle performance of a high-voltage circuit breaker is, to a large degree, determined by the performance of the materials and components that make up the complete breaker. The rates of deterioration of components such as compressors, pumps, seals, linkages and their lubrication, and interrupter elements drive the requirements for circuit breaker maintenance and refurbishment. EPRI conducted a series of investigations to enhance knowledge of aging processes and to identify those ...

2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

406

The Spectroscopic Signature of Aging in (delta)-Pu(Ga)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electronic structure of Pu is briefly discussed, with emphasis upon Aging effects. Photoelectron Spectroscopy and X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy have contributed greatly to our improved understanding of Pu electronic structure. (See Figure 1.) From these and related measurements, the following has been determined: (1) The Pu 5f spin-orbit splitting is large; (2) The number of Pu5f electrons is 5; and (3) The Pu 5f spin-orbit splitting effect dominates 5f itineracy.

Tobin, J G; Yu, S; Chung, B W

2009-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

407

No Country for Old Men: Aging Dictators and Economic Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Mountain: The Nature of Political Leadership. University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, KY. Maddison, A. (2003). The world economy: historical statistics. Paris, France. Development Centre of the OECD. Marshall, M. G. and Jaggers, K. (2011). Polity... 2010 1 No Country for Old Men: Aging Dictators and Economic Growth Richard Jong-A-Pina & Jochen O. Mieraua,b a. University of Groningen, The Netherlands b. NETSPAR, The Netherlands Draft: 14 September, 2011 Abstract...

Jong-A-Pin, Richard; Mierau, Jochen O.

2011-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

408

Calvert Cliffs License Renewal Aging Management Review Reports  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report and associated CD-ROM documents the Calvert Cliffs License Renewal Aging Management Review Reports as of December 1998. The option to operate a nuclear power plant beyond its initial license term of 40 years is an important factor in financial decisions and long-term planning for utility asset management and capital improvement. This report provides other utilities with details of the technical evaluations to support their own preparation of a License Renewal Application (LRA).

1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

409

Aging of a Homogeneously Quenched Colloidal Glass-forming Liquid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The non-equilibrium self-consistent generalized Langevin equation theory of colloid dynamics is used to describe the non-stationary aging processes occurring in a suddenly quenched model colloidal liquid with hard-sphere plus short-ranged attractive interactions, whose static structure factor and van Hove function evolve irreversibly from the initial conditions before the quench to a final, dynamically arrested state. The comparison of our numerical results with available simulation data are highly encouraging.

Pedro Ramírez-González; Magdaleno Medina-Noyola

2010-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

410

Aging renewal theory and application to random walks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The versatility of renewal theory is owed to its abstract formulation. Renewals can be interpreted as steps of a random walk, switching events in two-state models, domain crossings of a random motion, etc. We here discuss a renewal process in which successive events are separated by scale-free waiting time periods. Among other ubiquitous long time properties, this process exhibits aging: events counted initially in a time interval [0,t] statistically strongly differ from those observed at later times [t_a,t_a+t]. In complex, disordered media, processes with scale-free waiting times play a particularly prominent role. We set up a unified analytical foundation for such anomalous dynamics by discussing in detail the distribution of the aging renewal process. We analyze its half-discrete, half-continuous nature and study its aging time evolution. These results are readily used to discuss a scale-free anomalous diffusion process, the continuous time random walk. By this we not only shed light on the profound origi...

Schulz, Johannes H P; Metzler, Ralf

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

The Age of the Inner Halo Globular Cluster NGC 6652  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HST (V,I) photometry has been obtained for the inner halo globular cluster NGC 6652. The photometry reaches approximately 4 mag below the turn-off and includes a well populated horizontal branch. This cluster is located close to the Galactic center at a galactocentric distance of approximately 2.0 kpc with a reddening of E(V-I) = 0.15 +/- 0.02 and has a metallicity of [Fe/H] approximately -0.85. Based upon Delta(V) between the point on the sub-giant branch which is 0.05 mag redder than the turn-off and the horizontal branch, NGC 6652 is 11.7 +/- 1.6 Gyr old. Using this same Delta(V), precise differential ages for 47 Tuc (a thick disk globular), M107 and NGC 1851 (both halo clusters) were obtained. NGC 6652 appears to be the same age as 47 Tuc and NGC 1851 (within +/- 1.2 Gyr), while there is a slight suggestion that M107 is older than NGC 6652 by 2.3 +/- 1.5 Gyr. As this is a less than 2-sigma result, this issue needs to be investigated further before a definitive statement regarding the relative age of M107 and NGC 6652 may be made.

Brian Chaboyer; Ata Sarajedini; Taft E. Armandroff

2000-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

412

Age and mass of solar twins constrained by lithium abundance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aims. We analyze the non-standard mixing history of the solar twins HIP 55459, HIP 79672, HIP 56948, HIP 73815 and HIP 100963, in order to determine as precisely as possible their mass and age. Methods. We computed a grid of evolutionary models with non-standard mixing at given metallicities with the Toulouse-Geneva code for a range of stellar masses assuming an error bar of +- 50K in Teff. We choose the evolutionary model that best fit the observed low lithium abundances observed in the solar twins. Results. Our best model for each solar twin provides a mass and age solution constrained by their Li content and Teff determination. HIP 56948 is the best solar twin at the present time and our analysis gives a mass of 0.994 +- 0.004 Msun and an age of 4.71 +- 1.39 Gyr. Conclusions. Non-standard mixing is required to explain the low Li abundances observed in solar-twins. Li depletion due to the additional mixing in solar-twins is strongly mass dependent. An accurate lithium abundance measurement connected with no...

Nascimento, J D do; Melendez, J; Bazot, M; Théado, S; de Mello, G F Porto; De Medeiros, J R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Report on aging of nuclear power plant reinforced concrete structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Structural Aging Program provides the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission with potential structural safety issues and acceptance criteria for use in continued service assessments of nuclear power plant safety-related concrete structures. The program was organized under four task areas: Program Management, Materials Property Data Base, Structural Component Assessment/Repair Technology, and Quantitative Methodology for Continued Service Determinations. Under these tasks, over 90 papers and reports were prepared addressing pertinent aspects associated with aging management of nuclear power plant reinforced concrete structures. Contained in this report is a summary of program results in the form of information related to longevity of nuclear power plant reinforced concrete structures, a Structural Materials Information Center presenting data and information on the time variation of concrete materials under the influence of environmental stressors and aging factors, in-service inspection and condition assessments techniques, repair materials and methods, evaluation of nuclear power plant reinforced concrete structures, and a reliability-based methodology for current and future condition assessments. Recommendations for future activities are also provided. 308 refs., 61 figs., 50 tabs.

Naus, D.J.; Oland, C.B. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Ellingwood, B.R. [Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Boiling-Water Reactor internals aging degradation study. Phase 1  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the results of an aging assessment study for boiling water reactor (BWR) internals. Major stressors for BWR internals are related to unsteady hydrodynamic forces generated by the primary coolant flow in the reactor vessel. Welding and cold-working, dissolved oxygen and impurities in the coolant, applied loads and exposures to fast neutron fluxes are other important stressors. Based on results of a component failure information survey, stress corrosion cracking (SCC) and fatigue are identified as the two major aging-related degradation mechanisms for BWR internals. Significant reported failures include SCC in jet-pump holddown beams, in-core neutron flux monitor dry tubes and core spray spargers. Fatigue failures were detected in feedwater spargers. The implementation of a plant Hydrogen Water Chemistry (HWC) program is considered as a promising method for controlling SCC problems in BWR. More operating data are needed to evaluate its effectiveness for internal components. Long-term fast neutron irradiation effects and high-cycle fatigue in a corrosive environment are uncertainty factors in the aging assessment process. BWR internals are examined by visual inspections and the method is access limited. The presence of a large water gap and an absence of ex-core neutron flux monitors may handicap the use of advanced inspection methods, such as neutron noise vibration measurements, for BWR.

Luk, K.H. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

AGING AND IODINE LOADING OF SILVER-FUNCTIONALIZED AEROGELS  

SciTech Connect

Engineered silver-functionalized silica aerogels are being investigated for their application in off-gas treatment at a used nuclear fuel reprocessing facility. Reprocessing will release several key volatile radionuclides, including iodine-129. To achieve regulatory compliance, iodine-129 must be removed from any off-gas stream prior to environmental discharge. Silver-functionalized aerogels have been demonstrated to have high iodine capture capacity, high porosity and potential for conversion into a waste form. Capture materials used in off-gas treatment may be exposed to a heated, high humidity, acidic gas stream for months. Extended exposure to this stream could affect sorbent performance. It was the aim of this study to evaluate what impacts might be observed when Ag0-functionalized aerogels prepared at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory were contacted with a dry air stream for up to 6 months and then used to adsorb iodine from a synthetic off-gas stream. Results demonstrate that there is some loss of iodine capture capacity caused by aging, but that this loss is not as marked as for aging of more traditional iodine sorbents, such as silver-impregnated mordenite. Specifically, aging silver-functionalized aerogel under a dry air stream for up to 6 months can decrease its iodine capacity from 41wt% to 32wt%.

Bruffey, Stephanie H [ORNL; Jubin, Robert Thomas [ORNL; Anderson, Kaara K [ORNL; Walker Jr, Joseph Franklin [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Epidemiology of Hearing Loss Study Funded by the National Institute on Aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Epidemiology of Hearing Loss Study (EHLS) Funded by the National Institute on Aging #12;EHLS is there continuing deterioration · Why does hearing worsen with aging · Does the middle ear stiffen with aging · How;Why do hearing impairments develop? Clues from Beaver Dam · Older age · Men more than women

Sheridan, Jennifer

417

Physical Aging of Arsenic Trisulfide Thick Films and Bulk Materials Rong-Ping Wang,w  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical Aging of Arsenic Trisulfide Thick Films and Bulk Materials Rong-Ping Wang,w Andrei Rode referred to as a physical aging phenomenon.7,8 To avoid the changes in physical properties caused by physical aging, a material with completely saturated aging should be used in chalcogenide-based devices

Chen, Ying

418

RELIABILITY MODELS OF AGING PASSIVE COMPONENTS INFORMED BY MATERIALS DEGRADATION METRICS TO SUPPORT LONG-TERM REACTOR OPERATIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Paper describes a methodology for the synthesis of nuclear power plant service data with expert-elicited materials degradation information to estimate the future failure rates of passive components. This method should be an important resource to long-term plant operations and reactor life extension. Conventional probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs) are not well suited to addressing long-term reactor operations. Since passive structures and components are among those for which replacement can be least practical, they might be expected to contribute increasingly to risk in an aging plant; yet, passives receive limited treatment in PRAs. Furthermore, PRAs produce only snapshots of risk based on the assumption of time-independent component failure rates. This assumption is unlikely to be valid in aging systems. The treatment of aging passive components in PRA presents challenges. Service data to quantify component reliability models are sparse, and this is exacerbated by the greater data demands of age-dependent reliability models. Another factor is that there can be numerous potential degradation mechanisms associated with the materials and operating environment of a given component. This deepens the data problem since risk-informed management of component aging will demand an understanding of the long-term risk significance of individual degradation mechanisms. In this paper we describe a Bayesian methodology that integrates metrics of materials degradation susceptibility with available plant service data to estimate age-dependent passive component reliabilities. Integration of these models into conventional PRA will provide a basis for materials degradation management informed by predicted long-term operational risk.

Unwin, Stephen D.; Lowry, Peter P.; Toyooka, Michael Y.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Natural Versus Artificial Aging of Electrical Components: Interim Report 1996 - 2000  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes activities preceding and during the layup period of the Natural Versus Artificial Aging Program. The objective of the program is to compare the natural, in-plant aging of organic materials in typical nuclear plant components with the aging predicted by the accelerated laboratory age conditioning traditionally used to qualify safety-related equipment. To economically increase the amount of information yielded by the program, the removal of specimens was halted until their age had adv...

2001-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

420

Wind and Solar-Electric (PV) Systems Exemption | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Wind and Solar-Electric (PV) Systems Exemption Wind and Solar-Electric (PV) Systems Exemption < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Maximum Rebate None Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount Solar: 100% exemption from real property taxes Wind: 100% exemption from real and personal property taxes Provider Minnesota Department of Commerce Minnesota excludes the value added by solar-electric (PV) systems installed after January 1, 1992 from real property taxation. In addition all real and personal property of wind-energy systems is exempt from the state's property tax.* However, the land on which a PV or wind system is located remains taxable.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "age excludes systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Optimal Network Reconfiguration for Electric Distribution Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utility distribution systems are at the center of the smart grid revolution and, at the same time, are challenged by an aging infrastructure, legacy systems that must be integrated with new technologies, changing load characteristics (such as electric vehicles), and the requirement for integration of widespread distributed resources. Given these challenges, electricity distribution companies are under pressure to improve reliability and system performance, build the necessary infrastructure for integrati...

2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

422

Spiked Alloy Production for Accelerated Aging of Plutonium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The accelerated aging effects on weapons grade plutonium alloys are being studied using {sup 238}Pu-enriched plutonium metal to increase the rate of formation of defect structures. Pyrochemical processing methods have been used to produce two {sup 238}Pu-spiked plutonium alloys with nominal compositions of 7.5 wt% {sup 238}Pu. Processes used in the preparation of the alloys include direct oxide reduction of PuO{sub 2} with calcium and electrorefining. Rolled disks were prepared from the spiked alloys for sampling. Test specimens were cut out of the disks for physical property measurements.

Wilk, P A; McNeese, J A; Dodson, K E; Williams, W L; Krikorian, O H; Blau, M S; Schmitz, J E; Bajao, F G; Mew, D A; Matz, T E; Torres, R A; Holck, D M; Moody, K J; Kenneally, J M

2009-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

423

Aging in coherent noise models and natural time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Event correlation between aftershocks in the coherent noise model is studied by making use of natural time, which has recently been introduced in complex time-series analysis. It is found that the aging phenomenon and the associated scaling property discovered in the observed seismic data are well reproduced by the model. It is also found that the scaling function is given by the q-exponential function appearing in nonextensive statistical mechanics, showing power-law decay of event correlation in natural time.

Tirnakli, Ugur; Abe, Sumiyoshi [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Ege University, 35100 Izmir (Turkey); Institute of Physics, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8571 (Japan)

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Representation and use of Chemistry in the Global Electronic Age  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Representation and use of Chemistry in the Global Electronic Age Peter Murray-Rust,a Henry S. Rzepa,b Simon. M. Tyrrella and Y. Zhanga aUnilever Centre for Molecular Informatics, Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road... of the ligands in the Protein DataBank have fuzzy structures (imperfect coordinates, unknown charge, unlocated hydrogen atoms, etc.) Yet it is felt highly valuable to create resources derived from these such as PDBSum, HIC-UP, LigPlot and many others...

Murray-Rust, Peter; Rzepa, Henry S; Tyrrell, Simon M; Zhang, Yong

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

425

Accelerated aging of GaAs concentrator solar cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An accelerated aging study of AlGaAs/GaAs solar cells has been completed. The purpose of the study was to identify the possible degradation mechanisms of AlGaAs/GaAs solar cells in terrestrial applications. Thermal storage tests and accelerated AlGaAs corrosion studies were performed to provide an experimental basis for a statistical analysis of the estimated lifetime. Results of this study suggest that a properly designed and fabricated AlGaAs/GaAs solar cell can be mechanically rugged and environmentally stable with projected lifetimes exceeding 100 years.

Gregory, P.E.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Tank waste chemistry: A new understanding of waste aging  

SciTech Connect

There is concern about the risk of uncontrolled exothermic reaction(s) in Hanford Site waste tanks containing NO{sub 3}{sup {minus}}/NO{sub 2} based salts and/or metal hydroxide sludges in combination with organics or ferrocyanides. However, gradual oxidation of the waste in the tanks to less reactive species appears to have reduced the risk. In addition, wastes sampled to date contain sufficiently large quantities of water so that propagation reactions are highly unlikely. This paper investigates various aspects of the aging of Hanford tank wastes.

Babad, H. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Camaioni, D.M.; Lilga, M.A.; Samuels, W.D.; Strachan, D.M. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Dynamical Lifshitz-type solutions and aging phenomena  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider time-dependent Lifshitz-type solutions in type IIB supergravity. The solutions describe a time evolution from Lifshitz spacetimes to AdS spaces. We argue the holographic relation of them to aging phenomena in condensed matter physics. The solutions have no time-translation invariance and possess the dynamical scaling symmetry with z_c=2. In addition, the time evolution corresponds to slow (nonexponential) dynamics from nonequilibrium states to the equilibrium. We also discuss a mechanism of quantum quench to generate nonequilibrium states.

Kunihito Uzawa; Kentaroh Yoshida

2013-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

428

Aging studies of Micromegas prototypes for the HL-LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The micromegas technology is a promising candidate to replace the forward muon chambers for the luminosity upgrade of ATLAS. The LHC accelerator luminosity will be five times the nominal one, increasing background and pile-up event probability. This requires detector performances which are currently under study in intensive R&D activities. Aging is one of the key issues for a high-luminosity LHC application. For this reason, we study the properties of resistive micromegas detectors under intense X-ray radiation and under thermal neutrons in different CEA-Saclay facilities. This study is complementary to those already performed using fast neutrons.

J. Galan; D. Attie; J. Derre; E. Ferrer Ribas; A. Giganon; I. Giomataris; F. Jeanneau; J. Manjarres; R. de Oliveira; P. Schune; M. Titov; J. Wotschack

2011-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

429

Size of the group IVA iron meteorite core: Constraints from the age and composition of Muonionalusta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The group IVA fractionally crystallized iron meteorites display a diverse range of metallographic cooling rates. These have been attributed to their formation in a metallic core, approximately 150 km in radius, that cooled to crystallization in the absence of any appreciable insulating mantle. Here we build upon this formation model by incorporating several new constraints. These include (i) a recent U-Pb radiometric closure age of solar system formation for the group IVA iron Muonionalusta, (ii) new measurements and modeling of highly siderophile element compositions for a suite of IVAs, and (iii) consideration of the thermal effects of heating by the decay of the short-lived radionuclide 60Fe. Our model for the thermal evolution of the IVA core suggests that it was approximately 50 - 110 km in radius after being collisionally exposed. This range is due to uncertainties in the initial abundance of live 60Fe incorporated into the IVA core. Our models define a relationship between cooling rat...

Moskovitz, Nicholas A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Residence times and source ages of deep crustal fluids:  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present here 129 I/I and 36 Cl/Cl ratios, together with halogen concentrations in crustal fluids from the continental deep drill site (KTB-VB) in Germany, where fluids were collected from 4000 m depth during a pump test carried out in 2002 and 2003. Compared with seawater, the fluids are enriched by factors of 2, 8 and 40 for Cl) , Br and I, respectively, and show little variation over the test period. The 129 I/I ratios are between 1700 and 4100 · 10)15; the 36 Cl/Cl ratios are below 10 · 10)15. Co-variation between 129 I and 36 Cl concentrations in the fluids indicates that anthropogenic components are absent and that the ratios reflect an addition from crustal sources. The results suggest residence times of 10 Ma or more for the fluids in formations with uranium concentrations of 1 ppm. A minimum age of 30 Ma for the iodine source was derived from the correlation between 129 I and 36 Cl concentrations in the fluids. The results demonstrate that the halogen characteristics of the KTB fluids are very similar to those of other deep crustal fluids and that the combination of 129 I and 36 Cl systematics allows determination of residence times and source ages of such fluids.

Interpretation Of I; U. Fehn; G. T. Snyder

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Manhattan Project: Postscript--The Nuclear Age, 1945-Present  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Government-suggested fallout shelter design, 1950s POSTSCRIPT--THE NUCLEAR AGE Government-suggested fallout shelter design, 1950s POSTSCRIPT--THE NUCLEAR AGE (1945-Present) Events Informing the Public, August 1945 The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946 First Steps toward International Control, 1944-1945 Search for a Policy on International Control, 1945 Negotiating International Control, 1945-1946 Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, 1945-1946 Operation Crossroads, July 1946 The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-present Joe 1, the first Soviet atomic test, August 29, 1949. The end of the Second World War brought with it a whole new set of issues and problems, not least of which was the dilemma of what to do with the nuclear genie now that he had been let out of the bottle. In the United States, and around the world, news of the atomic bomb created among the public a sense of shock and awe. Manhattan Engineer District officials took certain obvious steps such as slowing down the program from its wartime pace, but the assembly of additional nuclear weapons did quietly continue.

432

Proceedings of the Inaugural Meeting of the International Forum for Reactor Aging Management (IFRAM)  

SciTech Connect

In almost all countries with nuclear power plants (NPPs), regulatory authorities and the nuclear industry are looking at some form of extended operating periods. To support life extension activities it is necessary to ensure the continued safety and reliability of system, structures, and components, and the component materials. Internationally, a variety of individual national and international activities have been initiated including Plant Life Management through the International Atomic Energy Agency, Electric Power Research Institute’s Long Term Operation program, and various national programs in managing materials degradation and related topics. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) engaged the international community in workshops in 2005-2006 to identify research needs and to collect information in an expert panel report on Proactive Management of Materials Degradation (PMMD), which was reported in NUREG/CR-6923. These results are also available via an Information Tool on the internet at http://pmmd.pnl.gov. This information builds on the extensive compilations known as the GALL Report (Generic Aging Lessons Learned, NUREG-1801, Vols. 1 and 2). Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) recently issued a report on the review of various international activities in PMMD (PNNL-17779). There have also been initiatives by Electricite de France, Tokyo Electric Power Company, EPRI, and others to establish a "Materials Aging Institute." Within the materials degradation research community there are also networks and technical meetings focused on some elements of PMMD. In spite of all these efforts, there is currently no forum to bring together these diverse activities and provide coordinated information exchange and prioritization of materials aging management/PMMD topics. It is believed that the International Forum for Reactor Aging Management (IFRAM) would be a good way to achieve this goal and help develop new approaches for ensuring continued safe operation in existing and future nuclear power plants. To begin addressing this need, NRC has established a Proactive Management of Materials Degradation Program for managing in-service degradation of metallic components in aging NPPs. The NRC is seeking to facilitate the establishment of IFRAM as a network of international experts who would exchange information on operating experience, best practices, and emerging knowledge. These experts would be willing to work jointly and leverage the separate efforts of existing national programs into a unified approach to enable the potential for the safe and economic life extension of NPPs. A proposal for establishing IFRAM was developed and presented at Engagement workshops in Seoul, Korea (October 2009) and Petten, The Netherlands (May 2010). Participants in both groups demonstrated strong interest in the establishment of IFRAM. Therefore the Global Steering Committee was formed to plan and carry out the start-up of IFRAM in 2011. This group finalized the documents for IFRAM and organized the kick-off meeting. This document records the contents of the inaugural meeting of IFRAM, which was held August 4-5, 2011, at the Cheyenne Mountain Resort in Colorado Springs, Colorado. Representatives from Asia, Europe, and the United States met to share information on reactor aging management and make plans for the future. Professor Tetsuo Shoji was elected chairperson of the Leadership Council. This kick-off event transformed the dream of an international forum into a reality. IFRAM has begun to achieve its mission.

Bond, Leonard J.; Brenchley, David L.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Proposing an Intelligent Cloud-Based Electronic Health Record System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the aging United States population, healthcare costs have considerably increased and are expected to keep rising in the foreseeable future. In this paper, the authors propose an intelligent cloud-based electronic health record ICEHR system that ... Keywords: Clinical Decision Support System, Cloud Computing, Electronic Health Record System, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 HIPAA, Privacy, Security

Lara Khansa; Jonathan Forcade; Girivaraprasad Nambari; Saravanan Parasuraman; Patrick Cox

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

702AZ aging waste ventilation facility year 2000 test procedure  

SciTech Connect

This test procedure was developed to determine if the 702AZ Tank Ventilation Facility system is Year 2000 Compliant. The procedure provides detailed instructions for performing the operations necessary and documenting the results. This verification procedure will document that the 702AZ Facility Systems are year 2000 compliant and will correctly meet the criteria established in this procedure.

Winkelman, W.D.

1998-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

435

Guidelines for Prioritizing Inspections of Aging Plant Infrastructure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report outlines an approach that utilities can employ when prioritizing the inspections and testing of infrastructure at fossil power plants. The equipment and systems considered in this report include cabling, piping, tanks, building structures, chimneys, railways, and related infrastructure. The report also provides information on assessment methods suitable for evaluating these infrastructure systems.

2012-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

436

Complex Failure Forewarning System - DHS Conference Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

As the critical infrastructures of the United States have become more and more dependent on public and private networks, the potential for widespread national impact resulting from disruption or failure of these networks has also increased. Securing the nation s critical infrastructures requires protecting not only their physical systems but, just as important, the cyber portions of the systems on which they rely. A failure is inclusive of random events, design flaws, and instabilities caused by cyber (and/or physical) attack. One such domain, aging bridges, is used to explain the Complex Structure Failure Forewarning System. We discuss the workings of such a system in the context of the necessary sensors, command and control and data collection as well as the cyber security efforts that would support this system. Their application and the implications of this computing architecture are also discussed, with respect to our nation s aging infrastructure.

Abercrombie, Robert K [ORNL; Hively, Lee M [ORNL; Prowell, Stacy J [ORNL; Schlicher, Bob G [ORNL; Sheldon, Frederick T [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Using a three-dimensional particle-tracking model to estimate the residence time and age of water in a tidal estuary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-dimensional hydrodynamic model that includes a Lagrangian particle-tracking simulation was applied to the Danshuei River estuarine system in northern Taiwan. The model's accuracy was validated with data from 1999; the results from the model agreed ... Keywords: Age, Currents, Freshwater discharge, Models, Particle tracking, Residence time, Salinity

Wen-Cheng Liu; Wei-Bo Chen; Ming-Hsi Hsu

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

LEVERAGING AGING MATERIALS DATA TO SUPPORT EXTENSION OF TRANSPORTATION SHIPPING PACKAGES SERVICE LIFE  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear material inventories are increasingly being transferred to interim storage locations where they may reside for extended periods of time. Use of a shipping package to store nuclear materials after the transfer has become more common for a variety of reasons. Shipping packages are robust and have a qualified pedigree for performance in normal operation and accident conditions but are only certified over an approved transportation window. The continued use of shipping packages to contain nuclear material during interim storage will result in reduced overall costs and reduced exposure to workers. However, the shipping package materials of construction must maintain integrity as specified by the safety basis of the storage facility throughout the storage period, which is typically well beyond the certified transportation window. In many ways, the certification processes required for interim storage of nuclear materials in shipping packages is similar to life extension programs required for dry cask storage systems for commercial nuclear fuels. The storage of spent nuclear fuel in dry cask storage systems is federally-regulated, and over 1500 individual dry casks have been in successful service up to 20 years in the US. The uncertainty in final disposition will likely require extended storage of this fuel well beyond initial license periods and perhaps multiple re-licenses may be needed. Thus, both the shipping packages and the dry cask storage systems require materials integrity assessments and assurance of continued satisfactory materials performance over times not considered in the original evaluation processes. Test programs for the shipping packages have been established to obtain aging data on materials of construction to demonstrate continued system integrity. The collective data may be coupled with similar data for the dry cask storage systems and used to support extending the service life of shipping packages in both transportation and storage.

Dunn, K. [Savannah River National Laboratory; Bellamy, S. [Savannah River National Laboratory; Daugherty, W. [Savannah River National Laboratory; Sindelar, R. [Savannah River National Laboratory; Skidmore, E. [Savannah River National Laboratory

2013-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

439

Photovoltaic system in system LABI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is prepared a new model marked as DE10 to extens the system LABI. It is a photovoltaic system. Utilizing of model is into the field of university studying and as a pilot test system for all extern experts. A special parts of model are measurement ... Keywords: automation, measurement, photovoltaic system, sun energy

Hruska Frantisek

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Narrow field electromagnetic sensor system and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A narrow field electromagnetic sensor system and method of sensing a characteristic of an object provide the capability to realize a characteristic of an object such as density, thickness, or presence, for any desired coordinate position on the object. One application is imaging. The sensor can also be used as an obstruction detector or an electronic trip wire with a narrow field without the disadvantages of impaired performance when exposed to dirt, snow, rain, or sunlight. The sensor employs a transmitter for transmitting a sequence of electromagnetic signals in response to a transmit timing signal, a receiver for sampling only the initial direct RF path of the electromagnetic signal while excluding all other electromagnetic signals in response to a receive timing signal, and a signal processor for processing the sampled direct RF path electromagnetic signal and providing an indication of the characteristic of an object. Usually, the electromagnetic signal is a short RF burst and the obstruction must provide a substantially complete eclipse of the direct RF path. By employing time-of-flight techniques, a timing circuit controls the receiver to sample only the initial direct RF path of the electromagnetic signal while not sampling indirect path electromagnetic signals. The sensor system also incorporates circuitry for ultra-wideband spread spectrum operation that reduces interference to and from other RF services while allowing co-location of multiple electronic sensors without the need for frequency assignments. 12 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1996-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "age excludes systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Microsoft Word - CASS_Aging-LWRS_5YR_Plan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ORNL/LTR-2012/440 ORNL/LTR-2012/440 Light Water Reactor Sustainability Cast Stainless Steel Aging Research Plan September 2012 Prepared by: T. S. Byun and J. T. Busby Oak Ridge National Laboratory This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or

442

Dark Energy Constraints from the Cosmic Age and Supernova  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the low limit of cosmic ages from globular cluster and the white dwarfs: $t_0 > 12$Gyr, together with recent new high redshift supernova observations from the HST/GOODS program and previous supernova data, we give a considerable estimation of the equation of state for dark energy, with uniform priors as weak as $0.2paper a new scenario of dark energy dubbed Quintom, which gives rise to the equation of state larger than -1 in the past and less than -1 today, satisfying current observations. In addition we've also considered the implications of recent X-ray gas mass fraction data on dark energy, which favors a negative running of the equation of state.

Bo Feng; Xiulian Wang; Xinmin Zhang

2004-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

443

LONG TERM AGING AND SURVEILLANCE OF 9975 PACKAGE COMPONENTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mission of the 9975 package, originally designed only for transportation of radioactive materials, has been broadened to include storage at the Savannah River Site. Two components of this package, namely the containment vessel O-rings and fiberboard overpack, require continued integrity assessment under the storage conditions. The performance of the components over time is being evaluated using accelerated-aging studies. Compression stress relaxation (CSR) and leak testing are being used to measure the performance of O-rings. The performance of the fiberboard is being evaluated using compression strength, thermal conductivity, specific heat capacity and other physical properties. Models developed from the data collected provide an initial prediction of service life for the two components, and support the conclusion that normal service conditions will not degrade the performance of the package beyond specified functional requirements for the first assessment interval. Increased confidence in this conclusion is derived from field surveillance data and destructive evaluation of packages removed from storage.

Hoffman, E.; Skidmore, E.; Daugherty, W.; Dunn, K.

2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

444

Ice Age Epochs and the Sun's Path Through the Galaxy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a calculation of the Sun's motion through the Milky Way Galaxy over the last 500 million years. The integration is based upon estimates of the Sun's current position and speed from measurements with Hipparcos and upon a realistic model for the Galactic gravitational potential. We estimate the times of the Sun's past spiral arm crossings for a range in assumed values of the spiral pattern angular speed. We find that for a difference between the mean solar and pattern speed of Omega_Sun - Omega_p = 11.9 +/- 0.7 km/s/kpc the Sun has traversed four spiral arms at times that appear to correspond well with long duration cold periods on Earth. This supports the idea that extended exposure to the higher cosmic ray flux associated with spiral arms can lead to increased cloud cover and long ice age epochs on Earth.

D. R. Gies; J. W. Helsel

2005-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

445

Age-aware solder performance models : level 2 milestone completion.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Legislated requirements and industry standards are replacing eutectic lead-tin (Pb-Sn) solders with lead-free (Pb-free) solders in future component designs and in replacements and retrofits. Since Pb-free solders have not yet seen service for long periods, their long-term behavior is poorly characterized. Because understanding the reliability of Pb-free solders is critical to supporting the next generation of circuit board designs, it is imperative that we develop, validate and exercise a solder lifetime model that can capture the thermomechanical response of Pb-free solder joints in stockpile components. To this end, an ASC Level 2 milestone was identified for fiscal year 2010: Milestone 3605: Utilize experimentally validated constitutive model for lead-free solder to simulate aging and reliability of solder joints in stockpile components. This report documents the completion of this milestone, including evidence that the milestone completion criteria were met and a summary of the milestone Program Review.

Neilsen, Michael K.; Vianco, Paul Thomas; Neidigk, Matthew Aaron; Holm, Elizabeth Ann

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Summary of Session 6: Aging Effects in RPC Detectors  

SciTech Connect

Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) detectors are a very important part of present and future large-scale experiments. The present B-factory experiments, Belle and BaBar, operate at much larger luminosity (>3 x 10{sup 33} cm{sup -2} sec{sup -1}) compared to their predecessors at LEP, where the RPC rates were not much higher than cosmic ray rates. Both Belle and BaBar RPC detectors operate in streamer mode. On the other hand, the LHC RPC detectors will operate in proportional mode, which is advantageous in terms of lower accumulated charge per track; however, it may be offset by considerably higher rates, assuming that the aging scales simply as total accumulated charge. The fear that the LHC RPC detectors may encounter similar difficulties as the B-factory RPCs prompted a very intensive R&D effort of rate-related deterioration.

Va'vra, Jaroslav

2003-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

447

Chapter 5, "License Renewal and Aging Management for Continued Service  

SciTech Connect

As of August 2011, there were 104 commercial nuclear power reactors licensed to operate in 31 states in the United States. Initial operating licenses in the United States are granted for a period of 40 years. In order to help assure an adequate energy supply, the USNRC has established a timely license renewal process and clear requirements that are needed to ensure safe plant operation for an extended plant life. The principals of license renewal and the basic requirements that address license renewal are identified as well as additional sources of guidance that can be utilized as part of the license renewal process. Aging management program inspections and operating experience related to the concrete and steel containment structures are provided. Finally, several lessons learned are provided based on containment operating experience.

Naus, Dan J [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Critical aging of Ising ferromagnets relaxing from an ordered state  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the nonequilibrium behavior of the d-dimensional Ising model with purely dissipative dynamics during its critical relaxation from a magnetized initial configuration. The universal scaling forms of the two-time response and correlation functions of the magnetization are derived within the field-theoretical approach and the associated scaling functions and fluctuation-dissipation ratio are computed up to first order in the epsilon-expansion. Aging behavior is clearly displayed during the critical relaxation. These results are confirmed by Monte Carlo simulations of the two-dimensional Ising model with Glauber dynamics. The crossover to the case of relaxation from a disordered state is discussed and the crossover function for the fluctuation-dissipation ratio is computed within the Gaussian approximation.

Pasquale Calabrese; Andrea Gambassi; Florent Krzakala

2006-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

449

Relationships between Tracer Ages and Potential Vorticity in Unsteady Wind-Driven Circulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationships between different tracer ages and between tracer age and potential vorticity are examined by simulating barotropic double-gyre circulations. The unsteady model flow crudely represents aspects of the midlatitude, middepth ocean ...

Hong Zhang; Thomas W. N. Haine; Darryn W. Waugh

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

C-PAD 2.0 - Cable Polymer Aging Database, Version 2.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Cable Polymer Aging Database provides polymer mechanical and chemical property data related to time at stress for key polymers used in electrical cable jackets and insulations for use in aging models and development of condition monitoring.

2005-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

451

Tobacco smoke aging in the presence of ozone: a room-sized chamber...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tobacco smoke aging in the presence of ozone: a room-sized chamber study Title Tobacco smoke aging in the presence of ozone: a room-sized chamber study Publication Type Journal...

452

Aging Effects on the Kinetics of Cesium Desorption from Vermiculite And Contaminated Soil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging Effects on the Kinetics of Cesium Desorption from Vermiculite And Contaminated Soil A. M), it is important to determine how aging affects 137 Cs desorption. This study uses a batch technique to measure 0

Sparks, Donald L.

453

maintenance. This research is relevant to opera-tions and maintenance challenges facing aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

maintenance. This research is relevant to opera- tions and maintenance challenges facing aging to make equipment last longer.Economic pressures to maintain aging fleets of commercial and military

454

Cognition in healthy aging and Parkinson's disease : structural and functional integrity of neural circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation documents how healthy aging and Parkinson's disease (PD) affect brain anatomy and physiology and how these neural changes relate to measures of cognition and perception. While healthy aging and PD are ...

Ziegler, David A. (David Allan)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Sensitivity of Age-of-Air Calculations to the Choice of Advection Scheme  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The age of air has recently emerged as a diagnostic of atmospheric transport unaffected by chemical parameterizations, and the features in the age distributions computed in models have been interpreted in terms of the models’ large-scale ...

Janusz Eluszkiewicz; Richard S. Hemler; Jerry D. Mahlman; Lori Bruhwiler; Lawrence L. Takacs

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

The Ages of Large Amplitude Coastal Seiches on the Caribbean Coast of Puerto Rico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a process denoted here as the empirical mode decomposition and the Hilbert spectral analysis, the ages of the seiches on the Caribbean coast of Puerto Rico are determined from their dispersion characteristics with respect to time. The ages ...

Norden E. Huang; Hsing H. Shih; Zheng Shen; Steven R. Long; Kuang L. Fan

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Diesel fuel filtration system  

SciTech Connect

The American nuclear utility industry is subject to tight regulations on the quality of diesel fuel that is stored at nuclear generating stations. This fuel is required to supply safety-related emergency diesel generators--the backup power systems associated with the safe shutdown of reactors. One important parameter being regulated is the level of particulate contamination in the diesel fuel. Carbon particulate is a natural byproduct of aging diesel fuel. Carbon particulate precipitates from the fuel`s hydrocarbons, then remains suspended or settles to the bottom of fuel oil storage tanks. If the carbon particulate is not removed, unacceptable levels of particulate contamination will eventually occur. The oil must be discarded or filtered. Having an outside contractor come to the plant to filter the diesel fuel can be costly and time consuming. Time is an even more critical factor if a nuclear plant is in a Limiting Condition of Operation (LCO) situation. A most effective way to reduce both cost and risk is for a utility to build and install its own diesel fuel filtration system. The cost savings associated with designing, fabricating and operating the system inhouse can be significant, and the value of reducing the risk of reactor shutdown because of uncertified diesel fuel may be even higher. This article describes such a fuel filtering system.

Schneider, D. [Wisconsin Fuel and Light, Wausau, WI (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

The politics of skill building in a global age  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National skills systems have historically imposed significant constraints on production strategies. This dissertation investigates the impact of the home economy skill base on firms' off-shoring and out-sourcing decisions, ...

McCaffrey, Sara Jane

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Effect of Cold Work and Aging on a Cobalt-Nickel Based Multiphase ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2012. Symposium, Next Generation Biomaterials. Presentation Title, Effect of Cold Work and Aging ...

460

Short Term Aging of Polymer Insulators: Impact of High Humidity Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For many years, EPRI has performed large scale aging tests on polymer insulators and evaluated many polymer insulators removed from service in an effort to understand what the aging factors are. EPRI has learned that a significant aging factor is corona discharge activity and has developed a test that focuses on how corona discharge activity degrades polymer insulators. This report highlights the latest development of a short-term aging test designed to assess how well a polymer insulator can ...

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "age excludes systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

File Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

File Systems File Systems File Systems For a general description of the different file systems available on PDSF please see Eliza File Systems and Other File Systems. Below is a summary of how STAR uses the various systems: /common The STAR software is installed on /common. For 32sl44 it is under /common/star/star44 and for sl53 it is under /common/star/star53. In both cases the software consists primarily of a STAR-specific ROOT installation on which releases of the STAR libraries are built as shown on the Local STAR Libraries page. /eliza3, /eliza6, /eliza9, /eliza14, /eliza15, /eliza17 STAR has space on 6 elizas as shown in the table below. File System star space (TB) use eliza3 39 production eliza6 9 production eliza9 39 production eliza14 34 production, user space under /eliza14/star/pwg

462

Materials Reliability Program: PWR Internals Material Aging Degradation Mechanism Screening and Threshold Values (MRP-175)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides screening criteria and their technical bases for age-related degradation evaluation of Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) internals component items. It is a key element in an overall strategy that uses knowledge of internals design, materials, and material properties and applies screening methodologies for known age-related degradation mechanisms to manage the effects of aging in PWR internals.

2005-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

463

Usingthe Essential Work of Fracture Method for Studying Physical Aging in Thin,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Usingthe Essential Work of Fracture Method for Studying Physical Aging in Thin, Ductile, Polymeric that impact properties change significantly after 30 days of aging at 50°C. To q u a n e this deleterious effect of aging, we did small-scale laboratory experi- ments using the essential work of fracture method

Nairn, John A.

464

Physical Aging and Phase Behavior of Multiresponsive Microgel Colloidal Dispersions Zhiyong Meng,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical Aging and Phase Behavior of Multiresponsive Microgel Colloidal Dispersions Zhiyong Meng. These studies reveal an extreme degree of complexity in the physical aging and phase behavior of the dispersions into rectangular capillary tubes, to very slow crystalline or glassy phases after days or weeks of aging

Breedveld, Victor

465

Fracture, aging, and disease in bone J.W. Ager III  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fracture, aging, and disease in bone J.W. Ager III Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley-known increase with age in fracture risk of human bone is essential. This also represents a challenge from accompanying the process of aging using appropriate multiscale experimental methods and relating them

Ritchie, Robert

466

What Do Aging, Exercise, Swallowing Problems, and Nerve Growth Factors Have in Common?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What Do Aging, Exercise, Swallowing Problems, and Nerve Growth Factors Have in Common? Allison J. Schaser, M.S., Kyle Stang, Nadine P. Connor, PhD & Mary Behan, PhD Methods 48 rats in 3 age groups were ages. We studied one possible mechanism that might be responsible for improvement: a change in levels

Sheridan, Jennifer

467

Effect of aging on the toughness of human cortical bone: evaluation by R-curves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effect of aging on the toughness of human cortical bone: evaluation by R-curves R.K. Nallaa,b , J online 27 October 2004 Abstract Age-related deterioration of the fracture properties of bone, coupled, and hence, an understanding of how its fracture properties degrade with age is essential. The present study

Ritchie, Robert

468

Activated Aging Dynamics and Negative Fluctuation-Dissipation Ratios Peter Mayer,1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Activated Aging Dynamics and Negative Fluctuation-Dissipation Ratios Peter Mayer,1,2 Se´bastien Le 2006) In glassy materials, aging proceeds at large times via thermal activation. We show that this can theoretical and numerical results for the activated aging regime of simple kinetically constrained models

Berthier, Ludovic

469

Age” Determination of Irradiated Materials Utilizing Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometric (ICP-MS) Detection  

SciTech Connect

A gas pressurized extraction chromatography (GPEC) system has been developed to perform elemental separations on radioactive samples to determine total and isotopic compositions of Cs and Ba from an irradiated salt sample, fuel sample and two sealed radiation sources. The separation is necessary to remove isobaric interferences in the determination of 137Cs, 135Cs, 137Ba, 135Ba, which are used to determine the age of a sample from radioactive decay or purification. The micro-column extraction chromatography system employs compressed nitrogen to move liquid through the system, compared to gravity or pumped liquids that are typically used for separations. The use of compressed gas allows for accurate and precise recovery of all liquids put into the chromatography system, enabling very accurate dilutions. The use of a small analytical column permits the use of very small amounts of liquids to be used. As a benefit, the amount of radiological waste that is generated in the separation process is minimized. For this work, a commercially available Sr-Resin™ was used to perform the separation for the above mentioned analytes. The column consists of a 7 inch piece of 1/16 in. O.D. x 0.030 in I.D. Teflon™ tubing having an internal volume of 81 µL. To this column, 49 mg of resin was added. The columns are re-usable after regeneration with 3 M HNO3. All samples were separated using batch collection, although real time analysis is possible with the current experimental design. A 1 % acetic acid solution was determined to be the best extractant for Ba. A flow rate of 0.1 mL/min was determined to be optimal for the separation of Ba. Complete recovery of the Cs and Ba was achieved, within the systematic error of the experiments.

James Sommers; Jeffrey J. Giglio, Ph,D,; Daniel Cummings; Kevin P. Carney, Ph.D>

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Plant immune systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plant immune systems Plant immune systems Name: stephanie Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: Do plants have an immune system? How does it work? Are plants able to "fight off" infections such as Dutch Elm disease? Replies: In the broadest sense, an immune system is any method an organism has protect itself from succeeding to another organism's efforts to undermine its health and integrity. In this sense, yes, plants have immune systems. Plants do NOT have "active" immune systems, like humans, including macrophages, lymls, antibodies, complements, interferon, etc., which help us ward off infection. Rather, plants have "passive" mechanisms of protection. For instance, the waxy secretion of some plants (cuticle) functions to help hold in moisture and keep out microorganisms. Plants can also secrete irritating juices that prevent insects and animals from eating it. The thick bark of woody plants is another example of a defensive adaptation, that protects the more delicate tissues inside. The chemical secretions of some plants are downright poisonous to many organisms, which greatly enhance the chances of survival for the plant. Fruits of plants contain large amounts of vitamin C and bioflavonoids, compounds which have been shown in the lab to be anti-bacterial and antiviral. So in these ways, plants can improve their chances of survival. Hundreds of viruses and bacteria attack plants each year, and the cost to agriculture is enormous. I would venture to guess that once an organism establishes an infection in a plant, the plant will not be able to "fight" it. However, exposure to the sun's UV light may help control an infection, possibly even defeat it, but the plant does not have any inherent "active" way to fight the infection

471

System Effectiveness  

SciTech Connect

An effective risk assessment system is needed to address the threat posed by an active or passive insider who, acting alone or in collusion, could attempt diversion or theft of nuclear material. It is critical that a nuclear facility conduct a thorough self-assessment of the material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) system to evaluate system effectiveness. Self-assessment involves vulnerability analysis and performance testing of the MPC&A system. The process should lead to confirmation that mitigating features of the system effectively minimize the threat, or it could lead to the conclusion that system improvements or upgrades are necessary to achieve acceptable protection against the threat. Analysis of the MPC&A system is necessary to understand the limits and vulnerabilities of the system to internal threats. Self-assessment helps the facility be prepared to respond to internal threats and reduce the risk of theft or diversion of nuclear material. MSET is a self-assessment or inspection tool utilizing probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) methodology to calculate the system effectiveness of a nuclear facility's MPC&A system. MSET analyzes the effectiveness of an MPC&A system based on defined performance metrics for MPC&A functions based on U.S. and international best practices and regulations. A facility's MC&A system can be evaluated at a point in time and reevaluated after upgrades are implemented or after other system changes occur. The total system or specific subareas within the system can be evaluated. Areas of potential performance improvement or system upgrade can be assessed to determine where the most beneficial and cost-effective improvements should be made. Analyses of risk importance factors show that sustainability is essential for optimal performance. The analyses reveal where performance degradation has the greatest detrimental impact on total system risk and where performance improvements have the greatest reduction in system risk. The risk importance factors show the amount of risk reduction achievable with potential upgrades and the amount of risk reduction actually achieved after upgrades are completed. Applying the risk assessment tool gives support to budget prioritization by showing where budget support levels must be sustained for MC&A functions most important to risk. Results of the risk assessment are also useful in supporting funding justifications for system improvements that significantly reduce system risk.

Powell, Danny H [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Gasification Systems Projects & Performers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasification Systems Gasification Systems Projects & Performers Gasification Systems - Key Technologies Feed Systems Gasifier Optimization and Plant Supporting Systems Syngas...

473

Advanced Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Systems: Advanced Systems: high Performance fenestration systems Research areas: Research activities to improve the performance of windows and other fenestration products must address window systems issues as well as Glazing Materials research. LBNL activities in the area of Advanced Systems include research at both the product level and the building envelope and building systems levels. Highly insulating windows - using non structural center layers Lower cost solutions to more insulating three layer glazing systems, with the potential to turn windows in U.S. heating dominated residential applications into net-energy gainers. Highly Insulating Window Frames In collaboration with the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, we are researching the potentials for highly insulating window frames. Our initial work examines European frames with reported U-factors under 0.15 Btu/hr-ft2-F. Future research aims to analyze these designs, verify these performance levels and ensure that procedures used to calculate frame performance are accurate.

474

Development of dam safety management system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, we can see an increasing amount of dam damage or failure due to aging, earthquakes occurrence and unusual changes in weather. For this reason, dam safety is gaining more importance than ever before in terms of disaster management at a national ... Keywords: Dam safety, Dam safety issue, Dam safety management system, Field inspection, Instrumentation, Monitoring, Safety evaluation

Jesung Jeon; Jongwook Lee; Donghoon Shin; Hangyu Park

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Acceptance test report: Backup power system  

SciTech Connect

Acceptance Test Report for construction functional testing of Project W-030 Backup Power System. Project W-030 provides a ventilation upgrade for the four Aging Waste Facility tanks. Backup power includes a single 125 KW diesel generator, three 10-kva uninterruptible power supply units, and all necessary control.

Cole, D.B. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1996-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

476

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7: November 16, 7: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008 on

477

Time-aging time-stress superposition in soft glass under tensile deformation field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have studied the tensile deformation behaviour of thin films of aging aqueous suspension of Laponite, a model soft glassy material, when subjected to a creep flow field generated by a constant engineering normal stress. Aqueous suspension of Laponite demonstrates aging behaviour wherein it undergoes time dependent enhancement of its elastic modulus as well as its characteristic relaxation time. However, under application of the normal stress, the rate of aging decreases and in the limit of high stress, the aging stops with the suspension now undergoing a plastic deformation. Overall, it is observed that the aging that occurs over short creep times at small normal stresses is same as the aging that occurs over long creep times at large normal stresses. This observation allows us to suggest an aging time - process time - normal stress superposition principle, which can predict rheological behaviour at longer times by carrying out short time tests.

Asima Shaukat; Ashutosh Sharma; Yogesh M. Joshi

2010-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

478

Characterization of Dry-Air Aged Granules of Silver-Functionalized Silica Aerogel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is a letter report to complete level 3 milestone "Assess aging characteristics of silica aerogels" for DOE FCRD program. Recently, samples of Ag0-functionalized silica aerogel were aged in flowing dry air for up to 6 months and then loaded with iodine. This dry-air aging simulated the impact of long-term exposure to process gases during process idling. The 6-month aged sample exhibited an iodine sorption capacity of 32 mass%, which was 9 mass % lower than that for an un-aged Ag0-functionalized silica aerogel. In an attempt to understand this decrease in sorption capacity, we characterized phy