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  1. Computer Producing a "Fair" Auditor's Report Mohamed A. Wahdan, Faculty of Commerce, Menoufia University, Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spronck, Pieter

    Producing a "Fair" Auditor's Report Mohamed A. Wahdan, Faculty of Commerce, Menoufia University, Egypt at the auditing practice in Egypt. This country has only a limited number of experienced auditors who are adequate

  2. Distribution of the tiger beetle Megacephala {Grammognatha) euphratica in Egypt, the Middle East and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Distribution of the tiger beetle Megacephala {Grammognatha) euphratica in Egypt, the Middle East Megacephala euphratica in Egypt, the Middle East and Central Asia is analysed and localities are listed, Egypt, Middle East, Central Asia. Introduction Most recently the Mediterranean and North African

  3. Foreign Deities in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zivie-Coche, Christiane

    2011-01-01

    fig. 211. ) Foreign Deities in Egypt, Zivie-Coche, UEE 2011god Hauron and his cult in Egypt. Göttinger Miszellen 107,2011, Foreign Deities in Egypt. UEE. Full Citation: Zivie-

  4. Akkadian from Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller, Matthias

    2015-01-01

    27Orto_28-5-2006.jpg). Akkadian from Egypt, Müller, UEE 2015Short Citation: Müller, 2015, Akkadian from Egypt. UEE.2015, Akkadian from Egypt. In Julie Stauder-Porchet, Andréas

  5. Egypt and Greece Before Alexander

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pfeiffer, Stefan

    2013-01-01

    Pfeiffer, 2013, Egypt and Greece before Alexander. UEE.Stefan, 2013, Egypt and Greece before Alexander. In WolframAssmann (2000). Egypt and Greece before Alexander, Pfeiffer,

  6. Egypt and Greece Before Alexander

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pfeiffer, Stefan

    2013-01-01

    Judean auxiliaries in Egypt’s wars against Kush. Journal ofCitation: Pfeiffer, 2013, Egypt and Greece before Alexander.Pfeiffer, Stefan, 2013, Egypt and Greece before Alexander.

  7. Ancient Egypt, Sacred Science, and Transatlantic Romanticism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Redd, Marques Jerard

    2011-01-01

    and wrests the ruling power of Egypt back to reestablish theEgypt, these writers – systematically exploring powersexactly, in Egypt all the operations of the powers which

  8. History-Writing in Ancient Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popko, Lutz

    2014-01-01

    pp. 154-160. London: Egypt Exploration Society. Loprieno,Never had the like occurred’: Egypt’s view of its past.Encounters with Ancient Egypt. London: UCL Press. Vernus,

  9. Egypt's next steps Ahmed Zewail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    1 Egypt's next steps Ahmed Zewail 3 Feb 2011 Mubarak must step down, a new constitution must change, writes Ahmed Zewail. CAIRO The revolt that has erupted across Egypt is in many ways historic than a better future for Egypt and its people. In this difficult time, the military has earned

  10. Gender and Generational Change in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sieverding, Maia

    2012-01-01

    Secondary Schools in Egypt. San Domenico di Fiesole Italy:and Economic Growth in Egypt. ” In Explaining Growth in thein the Labor Market in Egypt. ” In The Egyptian Economy:

  11. Ancient Egypt, Sacred Science, and Transatlantic Romanticism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Redd, Marques Jerard

    2011-01-01

    Myth and Symbol in Ancient Egypt. London: Thames and Hudson,Assmann, Jan. The Mind of Egypt: History and Meaning in thethe Egyptian: The Memory of Egypt in Western Monotheism.

  12. Ground-water sapping processes, Western Desert, Egypt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luo, W.; Arvidson, R.E.; Sultan, M.; Becker, R.; Crombie, M.K. [Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO (United States)] [Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO (United States); Sturchio, N. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)] [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Alfy, Z.E. [Egyptian Geological Survey and Mining Authority, Cairo (Egypt)] [Egyptian Geological Survey and Mining Authority, Cairo (Egypt)

    1997-01-01

    Depressions of the Western Desert of Egypt (specifically, Kharga, Farafra, and Kurkur regions) are mainly occupied by shales that are impermeable, but easily erodible by rainfall and runoff, whereas the surrounding plateaus are composed of limestones that are permeable and more resistant to fluvial erosion under semiarid to arid conditions. A computer simulation model was developed to quantify the ground-water sapping processes, using a cellular automata algorithm with coupled surface runoff and ground-water flow for a permeable, resistant layer over an impermeable, friable unit. Erosion, deposition, slumping, and generation of spring-derived tufas were parametrically modeled. Simulations using geologically reasonable parameters demonstrate that relatively rapid erosion of the shales by surface runoff, ground-water sapping, and slumping of the limestones, and detailed control by hydraulic conductivity inhomogeneities associated with structures explain the depressions, escarpments, and associated landforms and deposits. Using episodic wet pulses, keyed by {delta}{sup 18}O deep-sea core record, the model produced tufa ages that are statistically consistent with the observed U/Th tufa ages. This result supports the hypothesis that northeastern African wet periods occurred during interglacial maxima. This {delta}{sup 18}O-forced model also replicates the decrease in fluvial and sapping activity over the past million years. 65 refs., 21 figs., 2 tabs.

  13. Egyptian Journal of Natural History, 2007, Vol.4 , pp. 10-11 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological Society (EBB Soc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Egyptian Journal of Natural History, 2007, Vol.4 , pp. 10-11 © Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British 1990's. It has produced a phenomenal number of species, many of them new records for Egypt: Tachysphex in a morning. Even before I left Egypt in October 1992, there were ominous signs. The olive plantation

  14. Published: 3 January 2013 Egypt's New Year

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    1 Published: 3 January 2013 Egypt's New Year Resolution Op-Ed by Ahmed H. Zewail CAIRO -- Egypt, is one of Egypt's largest extremist organizations. "Only when he changes his mind from being a Gamaa Brother to a national leader can we have real progress in Egypt," Mostafa said, adding: "For now

  15. Study Abroad Egypt--2012 Student Handbook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Study Abroad Egypt--2012 Student Handbook for ANAR 145s: Egypt of the Pharaohs A UCSD Summer 145s: Egypt of the Pharaohs! This rather ungainly title describes a UCSD Anthropology program offered during Summer Session 2012. The course consists of a 16-day trip to Egypt, during which we will visit 46

  16. Disarming Words: Empire and the Seductions of Translation in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tageldin, Shaden M.

    2011-01-01

    Mitchell, Colonising Egypt (Cambridge: Cambridge University65. Mitchell, Colonising Egypt, 167. 66. Ibid. , 166. 67.Society, and Econ- omy in Lower Egypt, 1740–1858 (Cambridge:

  17. Women's Status, Autonomy, and Fertility in Transitional Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samari, Goleen

    2015-01-01

    and Political Change in Egypt." Journal of InternationalAutonomy: Recent Evidence from Egypt. California Populationwith wife beating in Egypt: analysis of two surveys (1995

  18. African oil plays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifford, A.J. )

    1989-09-01

    The vast continent of Africa hosts over eight sedimentary basins, covering approximately half its total area. Of these basins, only 82% have entered a mature exploration phase, 9% have had little or no exploration at all. Since oil was first discovered in Africa during the mid-1950s, old play concepts continue to bear fruit, for example in Egypt and Nigeria, while new play concepts promise to become more important, such as in Algeria, Angola, Chad, Egypt, Gabon, and Sudan. The most exciting developments of recent years in African oil exploration are: (1) the Gamba/Dentale play, onshore Gabon; (2) the Pinda play, offshore Angola; (3) the Lucula/Toca play, offshore Cabinda; (4) the Metlaoui play, offshore Libya/Tunisia; (5) the mid-Cretaceous sand play, Chad/Sudan; and (6) the TAG-I/F6 play, onshore Algeria. Examples of these plays are illustrated along with some of the more traditional oil plays. Where are the future oil plays likely to develop No doubt, the Saharan basins of Algeria and Libya will feature strongly, also the presalt of Equatorial West Africa, the Central African Rift System and, more speculatively, offshore Ethiopia and Namibia, and onshore Madagascar, Mozambique, and Tanzania.

  19. Auditors and IT Support in Egypt Mohamed A. Wahdan, Faculty of Commerce, Menoufia University, Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spronck, Pieter

    and IT Support in Egypt Mohamed A. Wahdan, Faculty of Commerce, Menoufia University, Egypt Pieter Spronck, MICC ____________________________________________________________________________________ The paper aims at establishing the present status of the auditing profession in Egypt. The research framework in Egypt and to investigate the challenges and the possibilities of support by information

  20. Rapport de mission-EGYPTE Octobre 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charette, André

    Rapport de mission- EGYPTE Octobre 2009 Direction des relations internationales #12;Rapport de mission- EGYPTE Page 2 DRI (YG ­ 09/11/2009) Résumé Au début octobre 2009, la vice-rectrice aux relations 750 000 dans les instituts #12;Rapport de mission- EGYPTE Page 3 techniques et technologiques et 1 940

  1. Mathematics in Ancient Egypt Philippe Cara

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einmahl, Uwe

    Mathematics in Ancient Egypt Philippe Cara Department of Mathematics http://www.vub.ac.be/DWIS BEST Summerschool "Pyramids in the Cosmos" VUB, 7th September 2001 #12;1 The use of Mathematics in Ancient Egypt · Partitioning of fertile grounds #12;1 The use of Mathematics in Ancient Egypt · Partitioning of fertile grounds

  2. February 2, 2011 Egypt's Next Steps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    1 February 2, 2011 Egypt's Next Steps By AHMED ZEWAIL CAIRO -- The revolt that has erupted across Egypt is in many ways historic and should take the nation into a hopeful future. What's unexpected, even, with no religious or ideological agenda other than a better future for Egypt and its people. In this difficult time

  3. Basal Anthropoids from Egypt and the Antiquity of Africa's Higher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Licciardi, Joseph M.

    Basal Anthropoids from Egypt and the Antiquity of Africa's Higher Primate Radiation Erik R remains of the primitive anthropoid Biretia from È37-million- year-old rocks in Egypt. Biretia is unique Egypt (5, 6). Recent paleontological work in Egypt_s Fayum Depression has resulted in the discov- ery

  4. Women's Status, Autonomy, and Fertility in Transitional Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samari, Goleen

    2015-01-01

    Family Power and Gender Preference in Minya, Egypt." Journalchange in Egypt, first, in driving Mubarak from power, andEgypt. 36 2.7 Theories of Women’s Power

  5. Tobacco use in shisha: studies on waterpipe smoking in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2006-01-01

    on waterpipe smoking in Egypt / WHO Regional Of?ce for theHealth surveys 5. Smoking – Egypt I. Title II Regional Of?ceshisha) smoking in cafés in Egypt. Journal of the Egyptian

  6. Interest grows in African oil and gas opportunities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knott, D.

    1997-05-12

    As African countries continue a slow drift towards democratic government and market economics, the continent is increasingly attractive to international oil and gas companies. Though Africa remains politically diverse, and its volatile politics remains a major barrier to petroleum companies, a number of recent developments reflect its growing significance for the industry. Among recent projects and events reflecting changes in Africa: oil and gas exporter Algeria has invited foreign oil companies to help develop major gas discoveries, with a view to boosting exports to Europe; oil and gas producer Egypt invited foreign companies to explore in the Nile Delta region, and the result appears to be a flowering world scale gas play; west African offshore exploration has entered deep water and new areas, and a number of major projects are expected in years to come; Nigeria`s reputation as a difficult place to operate has been justified by recent political and civil events, but a long-planned liquefied natural gas (LNG) export plant is being built there; South Africa, which has returned to the international scene after years of trade isolation because of apartheid, is emerging as a potential driver for energy industry schemes throughout the continent. Activities are discussed.

  7. Disarming Words: Empire and the Seductions of Translation in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tageldin, Shaden M.

    2011-01-01

    Egypt that his act of French-to-Arabic translation crackles with the electricityEgypt. Yet the translation of European modernity to Egyptian space falters. Electricity

  8. Egypt: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of essential electrical projects. In addition, they suggest the electric energy prices for all the various voltage levels and customers.The power sector in Egypt is...

  9. Published: 23 June 2011 Another Revolution Afoot in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    1 Published: 23 June 2011 Another Revolution Afoot in Egypt: Top-Notch Science Egypt has launched way to cure fanaticism. Op-Ed by Ahmed H. Zewail Cairo -- Nearly 100 days after the revolution, Egypt say hawa gadid -- a new air. The big question is how to channel this energy to forge a new Egypt

  10. Symbiosis in the Fossil Record: Eocene Nummulites and Pleistocene Reefs of Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casazza, Lorraine Rebecca

    2012-01-01

    Benthic Foraminifera From Egypt Figure 1. Locality mapclays, east of Cairo, Egypt: a geotechnical perception.rocks, Abu Roash area, Egypt. Carbonates and Evaporites 19:

  11. In the Beginnings: The Apotropaic Use of Scriptural Incipits in Late Antique Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanzo, Joseph Emanuel

    2012-01-01

    VI CE. b. Provenance: Egypt (Oxyrhynchus). c. Material:V-VI CE. b. Provenance: Egypt (Hermopolis? ). c. Material:VI CE. b. Provenance: Egypt (unknown). c. Material: papyrus.

  12. Piety and activism in Egypt : reflections on framing, motivation, contradiction and desire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Leslie R.

    2010-01-01

    autonomy in contemporary Egypt - Part III: individual,ideology in contemporary Egypt. Albany, NY: State University2005. Voter Apathy Marks Egypt Poll. BBC News. http://

  13. Watering the Desert: Environment, Irrigation, and Society in the Premodern Fayyum, Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haug, Brendan James

    2012-01-01

    Delta Barrage of Lower Egypt (National Printing Department:a problem throughout Egypt and declarations of uninundated241, ll. 11-12: ???????? Egypt requires approximately 1.25

  14. Exploration of pathways related to the decline in female circumcision in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modrek, Sepideh; Liu, Jenny X

    2013-01-01

    decline in female circumcision in Egypt. BMC Public HealthFemale circumcision in Egypt: social implications, currentfemale circumcision in Egypt: evidence and interpretation.

  15. The impact of tobacco control policies on employments in Egypt, Arabic version

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2006-01-01

    2000. 16. Omar S. Smoking in Egypt. Cancer Institute, CairoEastern Mediterranean–Egypt, United Nations Population

  16. The satellite archaeological survey of Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparavigna, Amelia Carolina

    2011-01-01

    Starting from the recent announcement of 17 new pyramids discovered in Egypt, this paper is once more proposing a discussion on the use of Google Maps for archaeological surveys.

  17. Developing a solar energy industry in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AbdelMessih, Sherife (Sherife Mohsen)

    2009-01-01

    This paper assesses Egypt's current energy infrastructure and its problems, the available solar energy resource, and the technologies required to harness this resource. After this assessment, an industry based on high ...

  18. Boats of Egypt before the old kingdom 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vinson, Steve

    1987-01-01

    BOATS OF EGYPT BEFORE THE OLD KINGDOM A Thesis By STEPHEN MICHAEL VINSON Submitted to the Graduate Col 1 ega of Texas AAM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS August l987 Major Subject...: Anthropology BOATS OF EGYPT BEFORE THE OLD KINGDOM A Thesis By STEPHEN MICHAEL VINSON Aooroved as to style and content bv". Georg F. Bass (Chairman of Committee) Richard Steff'y (Member) Clinton A, Phillips (Member) Frederick H. Van Doorninck...

  19. The boatbuilding industry of New Kingdom Egypt 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monroe, Christopher Mountfort

    1990-01-01

    THE BOATBUiLDING INDUSTRY OF NEW KIN DOM EGYPT A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER MOUNTFORT MONROE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A@M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS August... 1990 Major Subject: Anthropology THE BOATBUILDING INDUSTRY OF NEW KINGDOM EGYPT A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER MOUNTFORT MONROE Approved as to style and content by: George . Bass (Chair of Committee) Vaughn Bryant (Head of Department) , !q; Fredeg...

  20. Egypt's population policies and family planning program: a critical examination 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carr, Aline B.

    1996-01-01

    Egypt's national family planning program, in existence since 1965, has been fairly successful in increasing the use of family planning methods and lowering the population growth rate in Egypt. However, the fact that as few as 10 percent of women...

  1. Butterflies of Egypt Prepared for the Nature Conservation Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    #12;#12;#12;Butterflies of Egypt ii Prepared for the Nature Conservation Sector Egyptian, Cairo, Egypt Supervisor: Dr Moustafa Fouda, Director, Nature Conservation Sector Financial Support of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Suez Canal Univer- sity, Egypt. Mapping: Ahmed El-Gabbas Paintings by: Ahmed

  2. Disarming Words: Empire and the Seductions of Translation in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tageldin, Shaden M.

    2011-01-01

    of money and power in 1940s Egypt to the unequal exchange ofNapoleon’s bid for power in Egypt. 47 Jam?l al-D?n al-s rising imperial power in Egypt, where history would belie

  3. Published: 14 October 2013 The Revolution Egypt Needs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    1 Published: 14 October 2013 The Revolution Egypt Needs Op-Ed by Ahmed H. Zewail Pasadena, California -- When I was a boy in Desuq, Egypt, a city on the Rosetta branch of the Nile, about 50 miles east was in the fabric of our culture and religion. I left Egypt in 1969 for graduate school at the University

  4. Published: 6 October 2011 As Elections Loom, Egypt Must Unify

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    1 Published: 6 October 2011 As Elections Loom, Egypt Must Unify Op-Ed by Ahmed H. Zewail "Where is Egypt going?" a driver named Mohamed asked me recently. It is the question on everyone's mind and the building of the new City of Science and Technology. At last, it was felt, Egypt would be rejoining

  5. ORIGINAL PAPER Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and Northern Saudi Arabia in Wadi Kareim and Wadi Mobarak in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and the Nuwaybah formation in NW Saudi and extends from Egypt, Israel, and Jordan to Ethiopia and Yemen. The ANS (Fig. 1a) developed during

  6. Published: 20 May 2012 Egypt's March Toward Democracy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    1 Published: 20 May 2012 Egypt's March Toward Democracy Op-Ed by Ahmed H. Zewail CAIRO -- A few candidates among the 13 running for president of Egypt. This stunning debate went on for more than four hours and was watched by millions of Egyptians and other Arabs. Contrary to the perception around the world that Egypt

  7. We must unleash the power of Egypt's youth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    1 We must unleash the power of Egypt's youth This was an ideology-free revolution. Politics must progress--not least in reintroducing Egypt's leadership of the Arab world. For democracy actually of the Constitution. Using Egypt's respected judicial system, a new constitution will be written to incorporate

  8. Egyptian Journal of Natural History, 2009, Vol. Printed in Egypt.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Egyptian Journal of Natural History, 2009, Vol. Printed in Egypt: Villa 9030, Hurghada, Red Sea District, Egypt 2- Permanent address: Tg. Mures, str. C. R. Vivu 11/D, ap continental part is presented. The status of the species in Egypt and the region is presented

  9. Published: 21 May 2012 Egypt's March Toward Democracy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    1 Published: 21 May 2012 Egypt's March Toward Democracy Op-Ed by Ahmed H. Zewail CAIRO -- A few candidates among the 13 running for president of Egypt. This stunning debate went on for more than four hours and was watched by millions of Egyptians and other Arabs. Contrary to the perception around the world that Egypt

  10. Contending with illness in ancient Egypt: A textual and osteological study of health care at Deir el-Medina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Austin, Anne

    2014-01-01

    Bioarchaeology of Ancient Egypt and Nubia: A Bibliography.of Medicine in Ancient Egypt. New York: Metropolitan MuseumPyramid Builders of Ancient Egypt: A Modern Investigation of

  11. Elite Theban Women of the Eighth-Sixth Centuries BCE in Egypt: Identity, Status and Mortuary Practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jean

    2010-01-01

    Macmillan. Fazzini, R. 1988. Egypt Dynasty XXII-XXV. Leiden:55. ———. 2000b. The Ramesseum (Egypt), recent archaeological2005. Stelae from Egypt and Nubia in the Fitzwilliam Museum,

  12. Elite Theban Women of the Eighth-Sixth Centuries BCE in Egypt: Identity, Status and Mortuary Practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jean

    2010-01-01

    a policy restoring Egypt’s power and prestige at home andreunification of Egypt and consolidation of power. Thus, itcontrol of Egypt and removed the Libyans from power. The

  13. Piety and activism in Egypt : reflections on framing, motivation, contradiction and desire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Leslie R.

    2010-01-01

    context in Egypt, and unobstructed by political powers-that-power and influence is far more complex. Women in EgyptEgypt (many of whom are without husbands or sons) maneuver successfully within society and assert both power

  14. Country hedging for real income stabilization: a case study of South Korea and Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon, Kathryn M.; Rausser, Gordon C.

    1984-01-01

    It Manageable in the Case of Egypt?" Journal of Modeling, 2:S1UDY OF SOUIH KOREA AND EGYPT by Kathryn M. llirdon andSTUDY OF SOUTII KOREA AND EGYPT* By Kathryn M. Gordon and

  15. Material culture in Late Antique Egypt: between pagan tradition and Christian assimilation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricci, Luca

    2015-01-01

    Architecture of Alexandria and Egypt: C. 300 B.C. to A.D.A Case Study from Roman Egypt. ” A Companion to Families inA Companion to Ancient Egypt, ed. Alan Lloyd. London: Wiley-

  16. OUT OF EGYPT: Globalisation, marginalisation and illegal Muslim migration to the EU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Talani, Leila Simona

    2005-01-01

    Investment Climate Report, Egypt-July 2003, Embassy of theInvestment Climate Report, Egypt-July 2003, Embassy of theOUT OF EGYPT: Globalisation, marginalisation and illegal

  17. Gods Who Hear Prayers: Popular Piety or Kingship in Three Theban monuments of New Kingdom Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ausec, Cindy Lee

    2010-01-01

    Search for God in Ancient Egypt. Translated by David Lorton.Press. ———, 2002. The Mind of Egypt. History and Meaning inIn Temples of Ancient Egypt. Edited by Byron E. Schafer.

  18. The Ends of Islamic Fundamentalism: Hegemonic Discourse and the Islamic Question in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campo, Juan E.

    1995-01-01

    AND THE ISLAMIC QUESTION IN EGYPT JUAN E D U A R D O C A M PGermany. Israel, and Egypt. Besides Piscatori*s editedIslamic 'Awakening' in Egypt," Arabic Studies Quarterly 9 (

  19. An international physician education program to support the recent introduction of family medicine in Egypt.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lie, Desiree A; Boker, John R; Lenahan, Patricia M; Dow, Emily; Scherger, Joseph E

    0000-01-01

    family medicine education in Egypt. 25. I hope to train atCountry Progress Report: Egypt. Making medical practice andof Family Medicine in Egypt Désirée A. Lie, MD, MSEd; John

  20. An international physician education program to support the recent introduction of family medicine in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lie, Desiree A; Boker, John R; Lenahan, Patricia M; Dow, Emily; Scherger, Joseph E

    2004-01-01

    family medicine education in Egypt. 25. I hope to train atCountry Progress Report: Egypt. Making medical practice andof Family Medicine in Egypt Désirée A. Lie, MD, MSEd; John

  1. Department of Pharmacognosy1 , Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt; Department of Pharma-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Department of Pharmacognosy1 , Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt Ela, Pharmacognosy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Alexandria University, 21521 Alexandria, Egypt of air-dried powdered roots of Artemisia monosperma growing in Egypt afforded two new compounds; 6

  2. Implications of U.S. experience for water resource planning in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rausser, Gordon C.; Caswell, Margriet F.

    1981-01-01

    can be developed to fit Egypt's unique needs. ReferencesFOR RESOURCE PLAl'JNING IN EGYPT by Gordon C. Rausser andWA'lER RESOORCE PLANNI~ IN EGYPT by Gordon C. Rausser .and

  3. From Egypt to Umbria: Jewish Women and Property in the Medieval Mediterranean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Karen A

    2010-01-01

    From Egypt to Umbria: Jewish Women and Property in thein host communities from Egypt to Spain to Italy, Jews inMedieval Mediterranean Fustat, Egypt Much of what scholars

  4. The tobacco industry's activities to undermine tobacco control efforts in Egypt and North Africa, Arabic version

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2006-01-01

    2025048141. PM 2025048147. Egypt Law 52. 13 November 1981.Type A priorities for Egypt, North Africa and Sub-SaharanPM 2501066214. PM 2025840642. Egypt Area V5-Year Plan, 1981–

  5. Factor Prices in Egypt from 1900 to World War II with International Comparisons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Bent

    1989-01-01

    av. , Cigarette Laborers, industry Egypt: Metropolitan OtherBusiness: Rate of Profits Egypt and United States (percent)n. a. n .a. CG LO Rates, Egypt, Visible profit Rates, % of

  6. Gastropods and their habitats from the northern Red Sea (Egypt: Safaga)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuschin, Martin

    Gastropods and their habitats from the northern Red Sea (Egypt: Safaga) Part 1: Patellogastropoda. Keywords: Mollusca, biodiversity, Red Sea, Indian Ocean, Egypt, assemblages Zusammenfassung Mehr als 2100

  7. Automatic Formulation of the Auditor's Opinion with AREX: With an Application to Egypt Mohamed A. Wahdan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spronck, Pieter

    Automatic Formulation of the Auditor's Opinion with AREX: With an Application to Egypt Mohamed A. Wahdan Menoufia University, Egypt - Maastricht School of Management, The Netherlands (wahdan

  8. Management of Disused Radioactive Sealed Sources in Egypt - 13512

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohamed, Y.T.; Hasan, M.A.; Lasheen, Y.F.

    2013-07-01

    The future safe development of nuclear energy and progressive increasing use of sealed sources in medicine, research, industry and other fields in Egypt depends on the safe and secure management of disused radioactive sealed sources. In the past years have determined the necessity to formulate and apply the integrated management program for radioactive sealed sources to assure harmless and ecological rational management of disused sealed sources in Egypt. The waste management system in Egypt comprises operational and regulatory capabilities. Both of these activities are performed under legislations. The Hot Laboratories and Waste Management Center HLWMC, is considered as a centralized radioactive waste management facility in Egypt by law 7/2010. (authors)

  9. Political Stability and Military Intervention in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friedman, Casey; Bar-Yam, Yaneer

    2013-01-01

    Policy choices in the wake of recent mass protests in Egypt will determine the likelihood of civil war in the short run and the prospects for democracy in the long run. Economic conditions can be improved by international action to reduce grain-based biofuel production and finance employment generation. Creating the conditions for stable democracy requires accepting power-sharing mechanisms in which the military will have an important role.

  10. West African crude production diversifies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aalund, L.

    1983-06-01

    Nigeria, with its seven crude-oil export streams, dominated West African production and accounted for over 70% of the depressed 1.8 million b/d output from the region last year. However, during the 1970s a flurry of new producing fields, primarily off the African coast, diversified production among a number of countries and touched off a wave of oil activity. The Journal takes a close look at the quality of West African oil in this installment of assays on world export crudes. This issue covers, in alphabetical order, Bonny Light (Nigeria) to Espoir (Ivory Coast). A following issue will wrap up West Africa by presenting assays on crudes from Forcados Blend (Nigeria) to Zaire Crude (Zaire).

  11. Published: 3 November 2014 Don't Cut Aid to Egypt: The Hopeful Case for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    1 Published: 3 November 2014 Don't Cut Aid to Egypt: The Hopeful Case for Supporting Egyptian President Sisi Today, the U.S. needs Egypt's partnership more than ever. Op-Ed by Ahmed H. Zewail Some support him. And I believe that cutting foreign aid to Egypt at this point would harm the U.S.-Egypt

  12. Integrated Management Program for Radioactive Sealed Sources in EgyptIMPRSS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hasan, A.; El-Adham, K.

    2004-10-03

    This presentation discusses the Integrated Management Program for Radioactive Realed Sources (IMPRSS) in Egypt.

  13. Can the Non-pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment (NASG) reduce adverse maternal outcomes from postpartum hemorrhage? Evidence from Egypt and Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    hemorrhage? Evidence from Egypt and Nigeria. Reproductivehemorrhage? Evidence from Egypt and Nigeria Mohammed Mourad-in Nigeria and two in Egypt between 2004-2008. Entry

  14. The Nile River Delta Coast and Alexandria Seaport, Egypt: A Brief Overview of History, Problems, and Mitigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiegel, Robert L.

    2009-01-01

    Cell Nile River Delta, Egypt River Flows and Sedimenta wetland sedge native to Egypt, grew in the Delta'sResearch and Technology, Egypt, April 1976, pp Abu-Zeid,

  15. The Importance of Gender Studies for Predynastic Egypt: A Case Study of Cemetery N7000 at Naga-ed-Deir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lords, Krystal

    2008-01-01

    Strategies in Predynastic Egypt”. Journal of Anthropological1991. Women in Ancient Egypt. New York: St. Martin’s Press.of Heaven: Women in Ancient Egypt. New York: Hudson Hills

  16. Egypt`s first subsea completion: A Gulf of Suez case history

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El Hawary, A.; Hoffman, J.G.

    1996-06-01

    A case history of the Gulf of Suez Petroleum Co.`s (Gupco) first subsea completion is provided. The first completion was for Well GS 373-2, a previously drilled and tested exploration well located in the south portion of the gulf of Suez. Subsea technology was used to economically justify development of this one-well marginal field, which was discovered in 1978. Traditional methods proved to be too costly for development, therefore application of a low-cost subsea tree was used to capture the resources. In the Gulf of Suez, many fields have been discovered but have not been developed because of low reserves. These marginal projects can have a profound impact on the revenue and shareholder value if an economic method is used to exploit these opportunities. Platform installation was not feasible because of reserve size, hence the well has remained abandoned until recently. This paper presents a summarized look at subsea completion technology. The cost comparison of traditional development methods will be made, given the local cost structure in Egypt. The application of this technology has some limitations and constraints that will be discussed in the paper. Furthermore, the actual field installation of Egypt`s first subsea tree will be summarized. Also included is a discussion on simple remote controls and offshore installation operations.

  17. ICONEA 2010 Musical exchanges between Ancient Egypt and the Near East

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miranda, Eduardo Reck

    ICONEA 2010 Musical exchanges between Ancient Egypt and the Near East during, before and after The concept of music theoricism in the Ancient Middle/Near East and in Egypt in relation to the development

  18. Sites with Holocene dung deposits in the Eastern Desert of Egypt: Visited by herders?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marinova, Elena

    Sites with Holocene dung deposits in the Eastern Desert of Egypt: Visited by herders? V. Linseele a by the Belgian Middle Egypt Prehistoric Project of Leuven University under the direction of P.M. Vermeersch

  19. Egypt`s first remotely controlled subsea completion -- A Gulf of Suez case history

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El Hawary, A.; Hoffman, J.G.

    1995-11-01

    A case history of the Gulf of Suez Petroleum Company`s (GUPCO) first remotely controlled subsea completion is provided. The first completion was for well GS 373-2, a previously drilled and tested exploration well located in the south portion of the Gulf of Suez. Subsea technology was utilized to economically justify development of this one well marginal field which was discovered in 1978. Traditional methods proved to be too costly for development, therefore application of a low cost subsea tree was utilized to capture the resources. In the Gulf of Suez many fields have been discovered by have not been developed due to low reserves. These marginal projects can have a profound impact on the revenue and shareholder value if any economic method is used to exploit these opportunities. Platform installation was not feasible due to reserve size, hence the well has remained abandoned until recently. Capturing the experience of Amoco in the Gulf of Mexico and in the Dutch North Sea, GUPCO was able to build a low cost subsea system which would allow for the economic development of the marginal fields discovered in the past. This paper presents a summarized look at subsea completion technology. The cost comparison of traditional development methods will be made, given the local cost structure in Egypt. The application of this technology has some limitations and constraints which will be discussed in the paper. Furthermore the actual field installation of Egypt`s first remotely controlled subsea tree will be summarized. Also included is a discussion on simple remote controls,and offshore installation operations.

  20. Wind Atlas for Egypt A national database for wind resource assessment and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wind Atlas for Egypt A national database for wind resource assessment and wind power planning Niels G. Mortensen Wind Energy Department Risø National Laboratory MENAREC 3, Cairo, Egypt 12 June 2006 #12;Acknowledgements The "Wind Atlas for Egypt" is the result of a comprehensive team effort! · New

  1. Egypt's Protected Area network under future climate change Katie Leach a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Egypt's Protected Area network under future climate change Katie Leach a , Samy Zalat b,c , Francis, Taibah University, Al-Ula Campus, Saudi Arabia c Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt a r t i c l e i n, first, to estimate the likely impacts on the distributions of mammals and butterflies in Egypt (Max

  2. In the Beginnings: The Apotropaic Use of Scriptural Incipits in Late Antique Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanzo, Joseph Emanuel

    2012-01-01

    for ritual power from late antique Egypt, Origen’s words mayEgypt the scriptural “wholes” containing ritual power wereEgypt and the ritual uses of the scriptures elsewhere, the tefillin utilize excerpts from the biblical record for protective power.

  3. Published: 11 July 2013 Healing Egypt: Three Steps to Unify a Divided

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    1 Published: 11 July 2013 Healing Egypt: Three Steps to Unify a Divided Nation The uprising of millions of Egyptians since June 30 has led to sharp polarization. Growing up in Egypt, I never saw the military should be punished by stopping US aid to Egypt. The picture is not this simple, and the current

  4. Precambrian Research 136 (2005) 2750 The Wadi Mubarak belt, Eastern Desert of Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fritz, Harald

    2005-01-01

    Precambrian Research 136 (2005) 27­50 The Wadi Mubarak belt, Eastern Desert of Egypt, Graz, Austria b Mansoura University, Faculty of Science, Geology Department, El Mansoura, Egypt c February 2003; accepted 3 September 2004 Abstract The Wadi Mubarak belt in Egypt strikes west­east (and

  5. Neoproterozoic tectonothermal evolution of the Central Eastern Desert, Egypt: a slow velocity tectonic process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fritz, Harald

    Neoproterozoic tectonothermal evolution of the Central Eastern Desert, Egypt: a slow velocity, University of Assiut, Egypt Received 10 January 2001; received in revised form 24 October 2001; accepted 25 in the Central Eastern Desert of Egypt is constraint by 40 Ar/39 Ar ages of hornblende and muscovite from Meatiq

  6. Astragalar Morphology of Afradapis, a Large Adapiform Primate From the Earliest Late Eocene of Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Doug M.

    of Egypt Doug M. Boyer,1 * Erik R. Seiffert,2 and Elwyn L. Simons3 1 Department of Anthropology of Egypt's Fayum Depression, yields evidence for a diverse primate fauna, including the earliest known from the Fayum Depression of northern Egypt have long figured promi- nently in debates surrounding

  7. Published: 25 April 2011 Fund Egypt's Future to Save the Arab Uprising

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    1 Published: 25 April 2011 Fund Egypt's Future to Save the Arab Uprising Op-Ed by Ahmed H. Zewail. The Egyptians brought down the head of the system, but not the system itself. That is the challenge now. Egypt between them, Egypt is united. In contrast, the second model for revolutions is that of Yemen, Libya

  8. Climate-based models of spatial patterns of species richness in Egypt's butterfly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obbard, Darren

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Climate-based models of spatial patterns of species richness in Egypt's butterfly, Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency, Maadi, Cairo and 3 Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt of butterfly and mammal species richness. Location Egypt. Methods Data on the occurrence of butterflies

  9. Published as Feature Article: 12 July 2013 Healing Egypt: Three Steps to Unify the Nation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    1 Published as Feature Article: 12 July 2013 Healing Egypt: Three Steps to Unify the Nation Op by stopping U.S. aid to Egypt. The picture is not this simple, and the current situation is more than a coup troubled Middle East. The real question is: What can be done for Egypt in its democratic transition

  10. Published: 22 June 2011 A Compass of Hope for Egypt: The New "City for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    1 Published: 22 June 2011 A Compass of Hope for Egypt: The New "City for Science & Technology, Egypt is very different from the country I experienced when millions were on the streets calling, as the Egyptians say "hawa gadid" -- a new air. The big question is how to channel this energy to forge a new Egypt

  11. AIN Melaha 2010, Session 5B, Cairo, Egypt 3-5 May 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calgary, University of

    AIN Melaha 2010, Session 5B, Cairo, Egypt 3-5 May 2010 Use of GNSS for Vehicle, Cairo, Egypt 3-5 May 2010 Use of GNSS for Vehicle-Pedestrian and Vehicle-Cyclist Crash Avoidance/V2C scenarios, are only made #12;AIN Melaha 2010, Session 5B, Cairo, Egypt 3-5 May 2010 for vehicle

  12. USE OF ACM IN REHABILITATION PROJECTS IN EGYPT Amr Abdelrahman, Mohamed Mohamadien,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    USE OF ACM IN REHABILITATION PROJECTS IN EGYPT Amr Abdelrahman, Mohamed Mohamadien, Sami Rizkalla is the prime application of ACM in Egypt. FRP laminates are applied for strengthening reinforced concrete slabs introduces selected projects to demonstrate the current practice of FRP in Egypt. In the first application

  13. Auditing in Egypt: A study of the legal Framework and professional standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spronck, Pieter

    Auditing in Egypt: A study of the legal Framework and professional standards Mohamed A. Wahdan the auditing profession in Egypt, and the problems faced by the profession. The basic Company Law of 1951 on the practice of auditing in Egypt. The combined set of laws represents the legal framework for the auditing

  14. Israel must pursue peace urgently as Egypt unravels, former U.S. Rep. Wexler says

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Israel must pursue peace urgently as Egypt unravels, former U.S. Rep. Wexler says By Ana M. Valdes turned upside down." For decades, Egypt has been Israel's closest ally in the Middle East, particularly peace in their nation, should heed Egypt's crisis. "Israel ought to seek to resolve its issues

  15. Education, Social Mobility and Religious Movements: The Islamic Revival in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Zhongping

    Education, Social Mobility and Religious Movements: The Islamic Revival in Egypt Christine Binzel Muslim societies have been reshaped in recent decades by an Islamic revival. This paper focuses on Egypt, Egypt JEL classification: D10; D63; I24; J24; J62; O10; Z12; Z13 Carvalho (Corresponding author

  16. ATTACHMENT TO FORM 8233 (For use by students of Egypt who are claiming Tax Treaty exemption).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awtar, Shorya

    ATTACHMENT TO FORM 8233 (For use by students of Egypt who are claiming Tax Treaty exemption). 1. I was a resident of Egypt on the date of my arrival in the United States. I am not a United States citizen. I have the United States and Egypt in an amount not in excess of $3000 for any taxable year. I have not previously

  17. A fossil primate of uncertain affinities from the earliest late Eocene of Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Doug M.

    A fossil primate of uncertain affinities from the earliest late Eocene of Egypt Erik R. Seifferta,1- mate from the earliest late Eocene (37 Ma) of northern Egypt, Nos- mipsaenigmaticus, whosephylogenetic of fossil primates from the Eocene of Algeria (1) and Egypt (2­4), Africa's role in the early evolution

  18. Auditing in Egypt: Diagnoses and Remedies by Two Groups Mohamed A. Wahdan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spronck, Pieter

    Auditing in Egypt: Diagnoses and Remedies by Two Groups Mohamed A. Wahdan Menoufia University, Egypt - Maastricht School of Management, The Netherlands Pieter Spronck IKAT, Faculty of Liberal Arts Abstract The purpose of the paper is to diagnose the present status of the auditing profession in Egypt

  19. Kareem Darwish and Douglas W. Oard IBM Technology Development Center, P.O. Box 166, El-Ahram, Giza, Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oard, Doug

    -Ahram, Giza, Egypt kareem@darwish.org College of Information Studies & UMIACS, University of Maryland, College

  20. Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2005, Vol. 7, pp 55-66 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological Society (EBB Soc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2005, Vol. 7, pp 55-66 © Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________ * Address For Correspondence Vegetation and Grazing in the St. Katherine Protectorate, South Sinai, Egypt Wallacea in Egypt 1. Operation Wallacea in Egypt & University of California, Berkeley, USA 2. School

  1. Culture and getting to yes : The linguistic signature of creative agreements in the United States and Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    and Egypt MICHELE JOY GELFAND1 *, LAURA SEVERANCE1,2 , TIANE LEE1 , C. BAYAN BRUSS1 , JANETTA LUN1 , ABDEL Research & Training Center, Cairo, Egypt Summary We complement the dominant rational model of negotiation and Egypt. Community samples (N = 136) were recruited in the United States and Egypt and negotiated

  2. AFRICAN AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGY Sample Syllabus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopfinger, Joseph B.

    AFRICAN AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGY PSYC 503 Sample Syllabus Course Description and Overview: This course examines the psychology of the African American experience. We begin the course with an overview of Black/African American psychology as an evolving field of study and consider the Black/African American Psychology

  3. WIND ATLAS FOR EGYPT: MEASUREMENTS, MICRO-AND MESOSCALE MODELLING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WIND ATLAS FOR EGYPT: MEASUREMENTS, MICRO- AND MESOSCALE MODELLING Niels G. Mortensen1 , Jens atlas based on long-term reanalysis data and a mesoscale model (KAMM). The mean absolute error comparing atlas based on long-term reanalysis data and a mesoscale model, KAMM. The observations have been

  4. Toward the African Cinema

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minot, Gilbert

    1983-01-01

    TOWARD THE AFRICAN CINEMA* By Gilbert Minot Guinea gainedAfrica to devise a national cinema policy. So we created, ascontact with the different cinemas in Africa. For in-

  5. Can the Non-pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment (NASG) reduce adverse maternal outcomes from postpartum hemorrhage? Evidence from Egypt and Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    Evidence from Egypt and Nigeria. Reproductive Health 2010 7:Evidence from Egypt and Nigeria Mohammed Mourad-Youssif 1 ,four referral facilities in Nigeria and two in Egypt between

  6. Use of the Non-Pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment (NASG) for Life-Threatening Obstetric Hemorrhage: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis in Egypt and Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    anti-shock garment (NASG). Egypt 1. Number of women in studysite, 2010 (Int $ )[1]. Costs Egypt El Galaa Nigeria Assiutparity (PPP) factors of 2 for Egypt and 78 for Nigeria. 21

  7. Precedents in African American architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sass, Lawrence

    1994-01-01

    As a sub-sets of American culture, African Americans have not been able to offer culturally specific architectural elements to the design process because the history of African American form and space has not been recognized ...

  8. An Agent-Based Modeling for Pandemic Influenza in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khalil, Khaled M; Nazmy, Taymour T; Salem, Abdel-Badeeh M

    2010-01-01

    Pandemic influenza has great potential to cause large and rapid increases in deaths and serious illness. The objective of this paper is to develop an agent-based model to simulate the spread of pandemic influenza (novel H1N1) in Egypt. The proposed multi-agent model is based on the modeling of individuals' interactions in a space time context. The proposed model involves different types of parameters such as: social agent attributes, distribution of Egypt population, and patterns of agents' interactions. Analysis of modeling results leads to understanding the characteristics of the modeled pandemic, transmission patterns, and the conditions under which an outbreak might occur. In addition, the proposed model is used to measure the effectiveness of different control strategies to intervene the pandemic spread.

  9. Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2008, Vol. 10, pp 77-86 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological Society (EBB Soc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2008, Vol. 10, pp 77-86 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological in the St Katherine Protectorate, South Sinai, Egypt. High levels of genetic diversity were found, mostly

  10. The Importance of Gender Studies for Predynastic Egypt: A Case Study of Cemetery N7000 at Naga-ed-Deir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lords, Krystal

    2008-01-01

    Egypt will eventually move away from only determining the “power”power” or “status” ignore the Egyptian as an individual, where differences in age, economic class, time period, and location within Egypt

  11. Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2008, Vol. 10, pp 42-53 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological Society (EBBSoc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2008, Vol. 10, pp 42-53 © Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Protectorate, Sinai, Egypt Tim Newbold1 *, Sarah Collins1 , Jerzy Behnke1 , Jacqualyn Eales1 , Amr El- Geznawy2 of Zoology, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt Abstract Foraging in a group potentially allows

  12. Egyptian Journal of Natural History, 2007, Vol. 4, pp 12 -149 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological Society (EBB Soc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Egyptian Journal of Natural History, 2007, Vol. 4, pp 12 - 149 © Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British entomologist. Conspectus of the Sphecid wasps of Egypt (Hymenoptera: Ampulicidae, Sphecidae, Crabronidae) C: cgroche172@hotmail.com) Historical background The sphecid wasps of Egypt and the Sinai have received much

  13. Insect visitation rates to wild flowers increase in the presence of arid agriculture in South Sinai, Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    , Egypt Olivia Norfolk* , Francis Gilbert School of Biology, University Park, University of Nottingham, UK Accepted 15 May 2014 Available online Keywords: Agriculture Arid Egypt Insect Plant Pollinator Seed set agricultural gardens in South Sinai, Egypt. The mean number of flower visitors per plant during a 30 min focal

  14. Egyptian Journal of Natural History, 2007, Vol. 4 , pp 1 -9 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological Society (EBB Soc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Egyptian Journal of Natural History, 2007, Vol. 4 , pp 1 - 9 © Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British. Ampulicidae, Sphecidae & Crabronidae) of Egypt. Part 2: Checklist C. Giles Roche Lot 44, Taman Wong Wo Lo not been recorded from Egypt hitherto (Spilomena, Crossocerus, Lestica). Twenty-four species are recorded

  15. Holocene freshwater carbonate structures in the hyper-arid Gebel Uweinat region of the Sahara Desert (Southwestern Egypt) q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Desert (Southwestern Egypt) q Margarita M. Marinova a,b , A. Nele Meckler c , Christopher P. McKay b region of the Sahara Desert, near the triple border of Egypt, Sudan, and Libya (N22°, E25°), re- ceives- ibrated years BP; Wendorf and expedition, 1977). While some parts of southwest Egypt have been extensively

  16. Phanerozoic tectonothermal history of the ArabianNubian shield in the Eastern Desert of Egypt: evidence from fission track

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fritz, Harald

    Phanerozoic tectonothermal history of the Arabian­Nubian shield in the Eastern Desert of Egypt were performed in the Eastern Desert of Egypt. The results provide insights into the processes driving reserved. Keywords: Phanerozoic; Fission track thermochronology; Palaeostress; Arabian­Nubien shield; Egypt

  17. Auditing in Egypt: A Study of Challenges, Problems, and Possibility of an Automatic Formulation of the Auditor's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spronck, Pieter

    in Egypt: A Study of Challenges, Problems, and Possibility of an Automatic Formulation of the Auditor ____________________________________________________________________________________ This paper presents the findings of an empirical study on the auditing profession in Egypt. A questionnaire challenges and problems in Egypt and the possibility of developing a knowledge-based system to formulate

  18. Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2005, Vol. 7, pp 66-95 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological Society (EBB Soc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2005, Vol. 7, pp 66-95 © Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological, Egypt Kathy Meakin1* , Selvino R. de Kort2 , Hilary Gilbert3 , Francis Gilbert3,4 Samy Zalat3,5 , Logain Mohi, Suzan Ibrahim, John Griffin & the Volunteers of Operation Wallacea in Egypt 7 1. 31 Cliftonville

  19. Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2007, Vol. 9, pp 60-68 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological Society (EBB Soc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2007, Vol. 9, pp 60-68 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Bird surveys and distance sampling in St Katherine Protectorate, South Sinai, Egypt in 2007 White MLJ 1 ² BioMAP, EEAA, Maadi, Cairo, Egypt & School of Biology, Nottingham University, Nottingham, UK, 3 Bio

  20. However, the years that I spent in Egypt as a child and young adult blessed me with a solid foundation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    #12;However, the years that I spent in Egypt as a child and young adult blessed me with a solid of the world that often left me distressed. Many thought 1rode camels all day long in Egypt. The truth is that 1had never ridden a camel in Egypt. Many also imagined that most of my fellow Egyptians drilled

  1. Getting to Yes in the U.S. and Egypt, 1 Current in press at Journal of Organizational Behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    Getting to Yes in the U.S. and Egypt, 1 Current in press at Journal of Organizational Behavior Culture and Getting to Yes: The Linguistic Signature of Creative Agreements in the U.S. and Egypt Michele-Moghazy Sally Moustafa Running Head: GETTING TO YES IN THE U.S. AND EGYPT Author Note: This research was based

  2. Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2009, Vol. 11, pp 58-70 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological Society (EBB Soc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shuker, David

    Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2009, Vol. 11, pp 58-70 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological. Shuker 4,5 * 1. Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Suez Canal University, Egypt 2. School to the insect community of herbivores on Gomphocarpus sinaicus (Boiss.) (Apocynaceae) in Sinai (Egypt

  3. Evidence for Early and Mid-Cryogenian glaciation in the Northern ArabianNubian Shield (Egypt, Sudan, and western Arabia)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    (Egypt, Sudan, and western Arabia) ROBERT J. STERN1*, PETER R. JOHNSON2, KAMAL A. ALI1,3 & SUMIT K over broad regions of the Central Eastern Desert of Egypt, NW Arabia and possible correlative units diamictite and BIFs of the Central Eastern Desert of Egypt and the correlative Nuwaybah diamictite and BIF

  4. M. Flierl: Adaptive Spatial Wavelets for Motion-Compensated Orthogonal Video Transforms, IEEE ICIP, Cairo, Egypt, Nov. 2009. 1 ADAPTIVE SPATIAL WAVELETS FOR MOTION-COMPENSATED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flierl, Markus

    , Cairo, Egypt, Nov. 2009. 1 ADAPTIVE SPATIAL WAVELETS FOR MOTION-COMPENSATED ORTHOGONAL VIDEO TRANSFORMS

  5. Egypt National Cleaner Production Center (ENCPC) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:of the NationalDynetekofEcogeoEdipower JumpEgypt National

  6. Egypt-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:of the NationalDynetekofEcogeoEdipower JumpEgyptUNEP Green

  7. The college: Arts & sciences African & African-American Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Portman, Douglas

    developments. Biographies of leading musicians and the social conditions in which the music developed are also examined. Finally its enormous impact on American culture both directly and through its descendent rock for the Description. Department: African & African-American Studies Course: AAS 205 Title: Debates and Theories

  8. An archaeological study of baking and bread in New Kingdom Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samuel, Delwen

    1994-05-24

    This research applies a multi-disciplinary approach based on the archaeological record, to bread, a staple item of diet in ancient Egypt. Desiccated ancient loaves and artefacts connected with post-storage crop processing at settlement sites...

  9. ICONEA Conference 2012: AEROPHONES IN THE ANCIENT WORLD: NEAR AND MIDDLE EAST, EGYPT AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miranda, Eduardo Reck

    ICONEA Conference 2012: AEROPHONES IN THE ANCIENT WORLD: NEAR AND MIDDLE EAST, EGYPT power, joy, freedom, victory, deliverance, national identity, moral virtue, repentance, and social have incorporated the shofar into their works as a powerfully eloquent musical resource, from Elgar

  10. Exclusion and Informality: The Praetorian Politics of Land Management in Cairo, Egypt 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorman, W.J.

    2013-02-25

    they indicate about Egypt's authoritarian dispensation of power, in place since 1952 but challenged in the February 2011 overthrow of President Husni Mubarak. It concludes that project failure is diagnostic of the regime's exclusionary nature and the presence...

  11. Leishmaniasis transmission: distribution and coarse-resolution ecology of two vectors and two parasites in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samy, Abdallah Mohammed; Campbell, Lindsay P.; Peterson, A. Townsend

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: In past decades, leishmaniasis burden has been low across Egypt; however, changing environment and land use has placed several parts of the country at risk. As a consequence, leishmaniasis has become a particularly difficult health...

  12. Dynamic alliances : political economy of labor organization in post-revolution Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez, Sofia Alejandra

    2013-01-01

    The last decade in Egypt has witnessed significant innovations in the structure of social organizations spurred by the fraying of central government legitimacy. Within this dense network of new social actors independent ...

  13. Pascal-Xavier Coste (1787-1879) : a French architect in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Kara Marietta

    1992-01-01

    The purpose of this dissertation is to examine the life of a Marseilles architect, Pascal-Xavier Coste (1787-1879), his architectural work in Egypt, and his subsequent historical publications on his return to France. In ...

  14. In-use modification of existing public housing in Cairo, Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolba Sakr, Samia Abou El Fetouh

    1983-01-01

    The primary goal of this thesis is to analyze and evaluation existing public housing in Egypt, with the aim of: 1. Modifying existing conditions, and 2. Developing alternative design concepts to meet with present and future ...

  15. Growth and welfare losses from carbon emissions restrictions : a general equilibrium analysis for Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blitzer, Charles R.

    1992-01-01

    This paper is an assessment for a particular country, Egypt, of the economic effects, under various conditions, of carbon emission restrictions. Like other work, it is an exemplification of some of the economic possibilities. ...

  16. Thermal Performance of Building Envelope in Very Hot Dry Desert Region in Egypt (Toshky) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khalil, M. H.; Sheble, S. S.; Helal, M. A.; El-Demirdash, M.

    2010-01-01

    of Building Envelope in Very Hot Dry Desert Region in Egypt (Toshky Region) S.S. Sheble* M. H. Khalil M. A. Helal Prof. M. El- Demirdash3 Asso. Prof. Building Physics Institute (HBRC) Asso. Prof. Building Physics Institute (HBRC) Prof. & head... of Building Physics Institute (HBRC) Prof. & Chairman of HBRC Housing & Building National Research Center (HBRC) Cairo, Egypt * Author ABSTRACT Toshky region is a desert region located in the south east of Egyptian western desert...

  17. Seminar Statement, and Program of February 2005 Companion Workshop at Al Azar University, Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Hodiri, Mohamed

    2006-04-07

    was held February 12, 2005 at Al Azhar University, Egypt, under the auspices of the Islamic Economics Center. Panelists covered topics of culture, morality, banking, history, and life of Islamic entrepreneurs. The February 12 Workshop in Al Azhar... for the Backwardness of Muslims Dr. Sultan Abu Ali, Professor of Economics, Zagazig University, former minister of economy and International trade, Egypt: Islamic Culture and the business environment Dr Mohamed Abdel Halim Omer, Director Saleh Kaamel Center...

  18. Malignant melanoma in African-Americans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kabigting, Filamer D; Nelson, Fern P; Kauffman, C Lisa; Popoveniuc, Geanina; Dasanu, Constantin A; Alexandrescu, Doru T

    2009-01-01

    alterations involved in oncogenesis vary by anatomic siteand Asian patients. The oncogenesis of melanoma in African-

  19. LGBT African-American Individuals and African-American Same-Sex Couples

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gates, Gary J.; Kastanis, Angel

    2013-01-01

    of African-American same-sex couples are raising children.African-American same-sex couples raising children reportAfrican- American different-sex couples ($47,300 vs. $

  20. Use of the Non-Pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment (NASG) for Life-Threatening Obstetric Hemorrhage: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis in Egypt and Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    morbidity,% 7. Mortality,% Nigeria No NASG NASG No NASG NASG1]. Costs Egypt El Galaa Nigeria Assiut Average UCH Katsinaof 2 for Egypt and 78 for Nigeria. 21 Refer to Technical

  1. MDP-8 Cairo University Conference Proceeding of MDP-8, Cairo University Conference on Mechanical Design and Production Cairo, Egypt, January 4-6, 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saitou, Kazuhiro "Kazu"

    Design and Production Cairo, Egypt, January 4-6, 2004 591 CRASHWORTHINESS DESIGN USING META and Production Cairo, Egypt, January 4-6, 2004 Hamza and Saitou 592 optimization, ii) parametric optimization

  2. A combined strontium isotopic (87Sr/86Sr) and paleontological method is newly applied to a modern lagoon in Egypt's Nile River delta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, Timothy

    to a modern lagoon in Egypt's Nile River delta to test its applicability as a paleosalinity proxy. Analyses is required. To develop such a proxy, our study of Manzala lagoon, in Egypt's northeastern Nile River delta

  3. MDP-8 Cairo University Conference Proceeding of MDP-8, Cairo University Conference on Mechanical Design and Production Cairo, Egypt, January 4-6, 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saitou, Kazuhiro "Kazu"

    Design and Production Cairo, Egypt, January 4-6, 2004 77 TOPOLOGY OPTIMIZATION OF STRUCTURAL SUPPORTS, Egypt, January 4-6, 2004 Shalaby and Saitou 78 This paper proposes a solution to prevent the buckling

  4. Published in the Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Information and Communications Technology, 2007, IEEE Press, December 2007, Cairo, Egypt, pp 309 -314.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Javed I.

    and Communications Technology, 2007, IEEE Press, December 2007, Cairo, Egypt, pp 309 -314. 1 Abstract-- In virtual

  5. Egyptian Journal of Natural History, 2008, Vol. 5, pp 6-15 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological Society (EBB Soc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Egyptian Journal of Natural History, 2008, Vol. 5, pp 6-15 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British of Wadi Isla and Hebran, St Katherine Protectorate, Egypt Samy Zalat 1* , Francis Gilbert 2 , Hassan Fadel of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt. 2. School of Biology, University

  6. Banded Iron Formations from the Eastern Desert of Egypt: A new type of Ore? KHALIL, Khalil Isaac1 and EL-SHAZLY, Aley K.2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Shazly, Aley

    Banded Iron Formations from the Eastern Desert of Egypt: A new type of Ore? KHALIL, Khalil Isaac1 and EL-SHAZLY, Aley K.2 1 Department of Geology, University of Alexandria, Egypt 2 Geology Department localities in an area approximately 30,000 km2 within the eastern desert of Egypt. With the exception

  7. Egyptian Journal of Natural History, 2008, Vol. 5, pp 6-15 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological Society (EBB Soc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Egyptian Journal of Natural History, 2008, Vol. 5, pp 6-15 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British of Wadi Isla and Hebran, St Katherine Protectorate, Egypt Samy Zalat 1* , Francis Gilbert 2 , Hassan Fadel. Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt. 2. School of Biology

  8. Age constraints on the formation and emplacement of Neoproterozoic ophiolites along the AllaqiHeiani Suture, South Eastern Desert of Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    ­Heiani Suture, South Eastern Desert of Egypt K.A. Ali a,d, , M.K. Azer b , H.A. Gahlan c , S.A. Wilde d , M., Richardson, TX 75080, USA b Geology Department, National Research Centre, Dokki-Cairo, Egypt c Geology Department, Faculty of Science, Assiut University, Assiut 71516, Egypt d Department of Applied Geology

  9. The El Mayah molasse basin in the Eastern Desert of Egypt A. Shalaby a,b,*, K. Stuwe a,*, H. Fritz a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fritz, Harald

    The El Mayah molasse basin in the Eastern Desert of Egypt A. Shalaby a,b,*, K. Stu¨we a,*, H. Fritz, Austria b Department of Geology, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt Received 8 September 2004; received of kilometres of the East- ern Desert of Egypt. Its sedimentary record shows that deposition occurred in two

  10. Heart Healthy Home Cooking African American Style

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Jun

    Heart Healthy Home Cooking African American Style With Every Heartbeat Is Life #12;#12;Heart Recipe Substitutions for Heart Healthy Cooking at the heart of African American family life and special celebrations. This recipe book brings together many

  11. Adversarial Diplomacy and African American Politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams II, Ronald Cartell

    2011-01-01

    The Work of Amilcar Cabral. ” The Journal of Modern AfricanPolitical Thought of Amilcar Cabral,” The Journal of ModernThe Work of Amilcar Cabral,” The Journal of Modern African

  12. Impact of the Arab conquest on late Roman settlement in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gascoigne, Alison Lucy

    2002-10-08

    c-", p pk5 - ýDI7r3 THE IMPACT OF THE ARAB CONQUEST ON LATE ROMAN SETTLEMENT IN EGYPT VOLUME 2: ILLUSTRATIONS ALISON GASCOIGNE DARWIN COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE Fig. I. 1 ý.. Map of Egypt marking sites discussed in the text. Fig. 1.2 " k -ý r: 7... al-Sultan in Middle Egypt. ýýý Fig. 11.2 ýý'ý`, A: Burned mud-brick houses in area D of the main site. 'ILI ~`ýý wýl `a y p"i ý . ý"1'ýý 9" ýý ice`' #30; ýF w : uv a#30;. xý, "' Wir /1º'at++liýýýjw. ý; P ýfý. t {*. i, 1ý .. iY ý...

  13. A Muslim Feminist Interpretation of Women's Empowerment and Gender Parity: Case Studies of Morocco and Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feather, Ginger Reeves

    2012-05-31

    This research focuses on changes in women's empowerment and gender parity during the reigns of Mohammed VI in Morocco (1999-present) and Hosni Mubarak in Egypt (1981-11 February 2011). Despite the absence of regime change in Morocco, the social...

  14. Bio-Climatic Analysis and Thermal Performance of Upper Egypt A Case Study Kharga Region 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khalil, M. H.

    2012-01-01

    and Upper Egypt. In the recent century the most attentions of the government is the creation of new wadi parallel to Nile wadi in the west desert. Kharga Oasis is 25 degrees 26'56?North latitude and 30 degrees 32'24?East longitude. This oasis, is the largest...

  15. Radar interferometry for monitoring land subsidence and coastal change in the Nile Delta, Egypt 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aly, Mohamed Hassan

    2009-05-15

    . The impacts of these long-term interrelated geomorphic problems are heightened by the economic, social and historical importance of the delta to Egypt. Unfortunately, the current measures of the rates of subsidence and coastal erosion in the delta are rough...

  16. An analysis of tomb reliefs depicting boat construction from the Old Kingdom period in Egypt 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, Edward Morgan

    1996-01-01

    Among the aspects of daily life represented on the walls of private tombs during the Old Kingdom in Egypt are reliefs depicting the construction of boat hulls. Examination of the twenty known reliefs and relief fragments which date to this period...

  17. Thermal Performance of Exposed Composed Roofs in Very Hot Dry Desert Region in Egypt (Toshky) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khalil, M. H.; Sheble, S.; Morsey, M. S.; Fakhry, S.

    2010-01-01

    is considered the major part of the building envelop which exposed to high thermal load due to the high solar intensity and high outdoor air temperature through summer season which reach to 6 months. In Egypt the thermal effect of roof is increased as one go...

  18. Sp\\'eculation sur la g\\'eom\\'etrie en \\'Egypte antique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poisson, François

    2009-01-01

    The Great Pyramids of Egypt hide mathematic information unknown up to date. The measurements of the three Great Pyramids of Egypt at Giza show that Egyptians knew how to calculate the circumference, the volume and the area of the sphere 2000 years before Greeks. The Bent pyramid shows the three great problems of geometry of antiquity: cubature of the sphere, duplication of the cube, trisection of the angle. According to these findings, we assert that Egyptians wanted to engrave basic concepts in measures and positions of Great Pyramids.--Les grandes pyramides d'\\'Egypte dissimulent des informations math\\'ematiques ignor\\'ees jusqu'\\`a aujourd'hui. Les mesures des trois grandes pyramides d'\\'Egypte \\`a Gizeh r\\'ev\\`elent que les \\'egyptiens de la IVe dynastie savaient calculer la circonf\\'erence, le volume et l'aire de la sph\\`ere 2000 ans avant les Grecs. La pyramide rhombo\\"idale affiche les trois grands probl\\`emes de g\\'eom\\'etrie de l'antiquit\\'e : cubature de la sph\\`ere, duplication du cube, trisection ...

  19. The African-American house as a vehicle of discovery for an African-American architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clarke, Charles E. (Charles Edward)

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of this research is three-fold: (1) This thesis seeks to uncover evidence of a distinctly African-American architectural form. The primary building type observed will be the house, or the housing of African-Americans ...

  20. The need for a new approach : analysis of the built environment of informal settlements and public housing policy in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mourad, Moustafa Abdel Khalek

    1983-01-01

    Rapid urbanization in Egypt has brought on excessive demand for urban housing . The government agencies' attempt to satisfy this demand by the conventional means of public housing since the early 1960's has a mounted only ...

  1. The Nile River Delta Coast and Alexandria Seaport, Egypt: A Brief Overview of History, Problems, and Mitigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiegel, Robert L.

    2009-01-01

    Groins, Location of Edku LNG Terminal, Location of Beachof the Nile. It accommodates LNG carriers 70,000 to 140,000P. , "Mooring Analysis" Egypt LNG Project at Idku - Marine

  2. Simulation as a Tool to Develop Guidelines of Envelope Design of a Typical Office Building in Egypt 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samaan, M.M.; Ahmed, A.N.; Farag, O.M.A.; El-Sayed Khalil, M.

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the use of building performance simulation software in order to develop guidelines for designing energy-efficient office building. In Egypt energy codes for all building types are being under development. On the other hand...

  3. Genesis and legacy : a study of traditional, contemporary and proposed systems of control over residential developments in Cairo, Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Husseiny, Mohamed A. (Mohamed Ahmed)

    1987-01-01

    This thesis deals with contemporary residential developments presently being carried out by the formal private sector in Cairo. These developments are typical of many other cities in Egypt, and indeed throughout the ...

  4. Clustering South African Households Based on their Asset Status Using Latent Variable Models.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    Clustering South African Households Based on their Asset Status Using Latent Variable Models into homogeneous groups based on their asset status. A model-based approach to clustering, based on latent variable and the models are combined to produce a hybrid model capable of handling mixed data types. Further, a mixture

  5. A Neural Network Model for Construction Projects Site Overhead Cost Estimating in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ElSawy, Ismaail; Razek, Mohammed Abdel

    2011-01-01

    Estimating of the overhead costs of building construction projects is an important task in the management of these projects. The quality of construction management depends heavily on their accurate cost estimation. Construction costs prediction is a very difficult and sophisticated task especially when using manual calculation methods. This paper uses Artificial Neural Network (ANN) approach to develop a parametric cost-estimating model for site overhead cost in Egypt. Fifty-two actual real-life cases of building projects constructed in Egypt during the seven year period 2002-2009 were used as training materials. The neural network architecture is presented for the estimation of the site overhead costs as a percentage from the total project price.

  6. Address: Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Abbassia, Cairo 11566, Egypt -Tel: +202-2466-5630 -Fax: +202-2466-2917 -www.science-ainshams.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahar, Sultana Nurun

    , Egypt - Tel: +202-2466-5630 - Fax: +202-2466-2917 - www.science-ainshams.com March 13, 2013 Dr. Sultana, Egypt is gratefully acknowledging the receipt of the following books for the undergraduate astronomy

  7. Geochemistry of the Banded Iron Formations and their Host Rocks in the Eastern Desert of Egypt BACKUS, Ethan L.1, GAGNON, Kelli E.1, EL-SHAZLY, Aley K.1, and KHALIL, Khalil Isaac2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Shazly, Aley

    Geochemistry of the Banded Iron Formations and their Host Rocks in the Eastern Desert of Egypt University, Egypt Sponsored by NSF-OISE-1004021 Session 92:T3. Sigma Gamma Epsilon Undergraduate Research over 30,000 km2 in the central Eastern Desert of Egypt. The deposits most resemble Algoma-type iron

  8. 11/02/2009 15:55Does Darwin's Home Deserve the Same Status as Egypt's Pyramids? -Origins Page 1 of 3http://blogs.sciencemag.org/origins/2009/02/does-darwins-home-deserve-the.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Stuart

    11/02/2009 15:55Does Darwin's Home Deserve the Same Status as Egypt's Pyramids? - Origins Page 1 Darwin's Home Deserve the Same Status as Egypt's Pyramids? Daily News Advanced Extraterrestrial Evolution | Main FEBRUARY 10, 2009 Does Darwin's Home Deserve the Same Status as Egypt's Pyramids? Cleaned

  9. Linking Education R&D Institutes and IndustryLinking Education, R&D Institutes and Industry l ifi E b l AR)(examples are more specific to Egypt , but many apply to AR)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    and Industry l ifi E b l AR)(examples are more specific to Egypt , but many apply to AR) Mohamed A. Abdou goals. The overall assessment indicates that: Egypt's current S&T system has failed to substantially impactEgypt s current S&T system has failed to substantially impact socio-economic development which

  10. Proceedings of the First International Conference (Egyptian British Biological Society, EBB Soc) Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2001, Vol. 3, pp 137-146 Printed in Egypt. Modern Press, Cairo.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    ) Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2001, Vol. 3, pp 137-146 Printed in Egypt. Modern Press, Cairo. Habitat heterogeneity, altitudinal gradients in relation to beetle diversity in South Sinai, Egypt Fayez M Semida1, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt 2.Department of Entomology, Faculty of Science, Cairo University

  11. JOURNAL OF THE EGYPTIAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY ETMS J. Egypt Math. Soc. Vol. 18(2) (2010) pp223-230 www.etms-eg.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    López, Rafael

    2010-01-01

    JOURNAL OF THE EGYPTIAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY ETMS J. Egypt Math. Soc. Vol. 18(2) (2010) pp223, 11448, Cairo, Egypt email: atali71@yahoo.com 2Departamento de Geometr´ia y Topolog´ia, Universidad de

  12. GROWTH OF SOUTH AFRICAN AFRICA' ~-' ,, I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GROWTH OF SOUTH AFRICAN FISHERIES -SQUTH-: WEST .-' AFRICA' ~-' ,, I I , I :--. .,' UN I .............................................. Regrouping of Interests ······························ Fisheries Development Corporation of South Africa, Ltd and the trawling interests, respectively. The quasi-official Fisheries Develop- ment Corporation of South Africa

  13. Cameron, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Egypt (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0ProvedDecade2,948California (MillionThousand CubicJapanEgypt

  14. Elba Island, GA Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Egypt

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul1998,(Million Cubic Feet) Egypt

  15. Egypt-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:of the NationalDynetekofEcogeoEdipower JumpEgypt

  16. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Egypt (Million Cubic Feet)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPP UPDATE: April 15,Gas9,7 Glossary G L O SAustraliaCanadaEgypt

  17. Home Front as Warfront: African American World War I Drama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egging, Anna Katherine

    2010-08-31

    This dissertation recovers little-known African American World War I plays that blur the boundary between the home front and warfront. I argue that with this focus, the plays wage their own war for African American citizenship ...

  18. Feral Africanized honey bee ecology in a coastal prairie landscape 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baum, Kristen Anne

    2004-09-30

    for feral honey bees than others. Colonies were aggregated within the study area, probably due to the distribution of resources. The invasion of Africanized honey bees appeared to fragment the existing European population, with Africanized colonies...

  19. Communication Factors Affecting African Policymakers' Decisions about Agricultural Biotechnology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Begashaw, Belay Ejigu

    2010-10-12

    The purpose of this study was to develop a model for impacting decisions on agricultural biotechnology practices in food production among African policymakers. The research focused on three African countries, namely, South Africa, Malawi and Ghana...

  20. A Qualitative Description of African American Women's Breastfeeding Experiences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spencer, Becky

    2012-08-31

    The low rates of breastfeeding among African American women in the U.S. is a poorly understood, persistent disparity that contributes to higher incidences of morbidity and mortality for African Americans across the lifespan. ...

  1. Wildlife Monitoring and Conservation in a West African Protected Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Andrew Cole

    2010-01-01

    25, 49-52. Revilla E. , Palomares F. & Delibes M. (2001).African carnivores (Palomares & Caro 1999; Caro & Stoner

  2. The State of California and Southern African Racism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrington, John

    1972-01-01

    28. -ll9- BACKGROUND - TO - RACISM AND AMERICAN --- FIRMS -with Southern African racism. (Firms underlineaBl conduct

  3. Thermochronometric Investigation of Multiple Unconformities and Post-depositional Thermal History of a Fault Block in the Northern Western Desert, Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glauser, Travis Robert

    2010-12-13

    Detrital apatite and zircon (U-TH)/He analysis across a recently discovered unconformity in the Western Desert of Egypt provides new insight into the tectonic evolution of northeastern Africa. The unconformity juxtaposes ...

  4. Roadmap: Pan-African Studies Pan-African Studies Bachelor of Arts [AS-BA-PAS-PAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Scott

    Roadmap: Pan-African Studies ­ Pan-African Studies ­ Bachelor of Arts [AS-BA-PAS-PAS] College: 22-Apr-13/LNHD This roadmap is a recommended semester-by-semester plan of study for this major Non-PAS Elective 3 General Elective (upper division) 9 #12;Roadmap: Pan-African Studies ­ Pan

  5. Method of producing hydrogen

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bingham, Dennis N.; Klingler, Kerry M.; Wilding, Bruce M.; Zollinger, William T.

    2006-12-26

    A method of producing hydrogen is disclosed and which includes providing a first composition; providing a second composition; reacting the first and second compositions together to produce a chemical hydride; providing a liquid and reacting the chemical hydride with the liquid in a manner to produce a high pressure hydrogen gas and a byproduct which includes the first composition; and reusing the first composition formed as a byproduct in a subsequent chemical reaction to form additional chemical hydride.

  6. Black African Women's Motivations for Involvement in Southern African Liberation Struggles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jalufka, Alaina 1987-

    2011-04-26

    Since the introduction of colonialism, African women have frequently been ignored in and excluded from political life in southern Africa. However, many women participated as freedom fighters and activists in southern ...

  7. Half the Household Was African: Recovering the Histories of Two African Slaves in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Anthony A.

    2015-01-01

    of the Babi movement in Iran. See also, Harris, The AfricanTauris, 2005): 171. 11 In Iran, at this time, the price of aWomen in Nineteenth-Century Iran: The Life of Fezzeh Khanom

  8. CHAPTER FOUR Global and African Regional Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deMenocal, Peter B.

    45 CHAPTER FOUR Global and African Regional Climate during the Cenozoic SARAH J. FEAKINS AND PETER by significant climate change. Major global changes included massive tectonic reorganization, a reduction in atmospheric pCO2 (Pagani et al., 1999; Pearson and Palmer, 2000), and a dramatic cooling of global climate

  9. Address: Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Abbassia, Cairo 11566, Egypt -Tel: +202-2466-5630 -Fax: +202-2466-2917 -www.science-ainshams.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahar, Sultana Nurun

    , Egypt - Tel: +202-2466-5630 - Fax: +202-2466-2917 - www.science-ainshams.com Feb. 13, 2013 Dr. Sultana N

  10. Engaging African Americans in STEM Education | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    engaging young African American students in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) education. Director Dot Harris, who leads the Department's Office of Economic Impact...

  11. arXiv:1005.5636v1[astro-ph.IM]31May2010 Proc. ICCS-X, Cairo, Egypt December 20-23, 2009, Vol. 18, pp. xx-xx

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masci, Frank

    arXiv:1005.5636v1[astro-ph.IM]31May2010 Proc. ICCS-X, Cairo, Egypt December 20-23, 2009, Vol. 18 the galaxy. For more distant objects, information is 1 #12;Proc. ICCS-X, Cairo, Egypt December 20-23, 2009

  12. Empowering the Next Generation: Connecting the U.S. and African...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Empowering the Next Generation: Connecting the U.S. and African Nations through Technical Exchanges Empowering the Next Generation: Connecting the U.S. and African Nations through...

  13. The Role of the State in Influencing African Labour Outcomes in Spain and Portugal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendoza, Cristóbal

    2000-01-01

    The point to stress here is that African labour outcomes arestress here is that, unlike Spain, the state does not 'push' PALOP Africans into secondary labour

  14. Process for producing silicon

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Olson, Jerry M. (Lakewood, CO); Carleton, Karen L. (Boulder, CO)

    1984-01-01

    A process for producing silicon includes forming an alloy of copper and silicon and positioning the alloy in a dried, molten salt electrolyte to form a solid anode structure therein. An electrically conductive cathode is placed in the electrolyte for plating silicon thereon. The electrolyte is then purified to remove dissolved oxides. Finally, an electrical potential is applied between the anode and cathode in an amount sufficient to form substantially pure silicon on the cathode in the form of substantially dense, coherent deposits.

  15. Method of producing imines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sithambaram, Shanthakumar (Storrs, CT); Son, Young-Chan (Storrs, CT); Suib, Steven L. (Storrs, CT)

    2008-04-08

    A method for forming an imine comprises reacting a first reactant comprising a hydroxyl functionality, a carbonyl functionality, or both a hydroxyl functionality and a carbonyl functionality with a second reactant having an amine functionality in the presence of ordered porous manganese-based octahedral molecular sieves and an oxygen containing gas at a temperature and for a time sufficient for the imine to be produced.

  16. Process for producing silicon

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Olson, J.M.; Carleton, K.L.

    1982-06-10

    A process of producing silicon includes forming an alloy of copper and silicon and positioning the alloy in a dried, molten salt electrolyte to form a solid anode structure therein. An electrically conductive cathode is placed in the electrolyte for plating silicon thereon. The electrolyte is then purified to remove dissolved oxides. Finally, an electrical potential is applied between the anode and cathode in an amount sufficient to form substantially pure silicon on the cathode in the form of substantially dense, coherent deposits.

  17. Source profiles for nonmethane organic compounds in the atmosphere of Cairo, Egypt.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doskey, P. V.; Fukui, Y.; Sultan, M.; Maghraby, A. A.; Taher, A.; Environmental Research; Cairo Univ.

    1999-07-01

    Profiles of the sources of nonmethane organic compounds (NMOCs) were developed for emissions from vehicles, petroleum fuels (gasoline, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), and natural gas), a petroleum refinery, a smelter, and a cast iron factory in Cairo, Egypt. More than 100 hydrocarbons and oxygenated hydrocarbons were tentatively identified and quantified. Gasoline-vapor and whole-gasoline profiles could be distinguished from the other profiles by high concentrations of the C{sub 5} and C{sub 6} saturated hydrocarbons. The vehicle emission profile was similar to the whole-gasoline profile, with the exception of the unsaturated and aromatic hydrocarbons, which were present at higher concentrations in the vehicle emission profile. High levels of the C{sub 2}-C{sub 4} saturated hydrocarbons, particularly n-butane, were characteristic features of the petroleum refinery emissions. The smelter and cast iron factory emissions were similar to the refinery emissions; however, the levels of benzene and toluene were greater in the former two sources. The LPG and natural gas emissions contained high concentrations of n-butane and ethane, respectively. The NMOC source profiles for Cairo were distinctly different from profiles for U.S. sources, indicating that NMOC source profiles are sensitive to the particular composition of petroleum fuels that are used in a location.

  18. Operational Strategies for Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Site in Egypt - 13513

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohamed, Yasser T. [Hot Laboratories and Waste Management Center, Atomic Energy Authority, 3 Ahmed El-Zomor St., El-Zohour District, Naser City, 11787, Cairo (Egypt)] [Hot Laboratories and Waste Management Center, Atomic Energy Authority, 3 Ahmed El-Zomor St., El-Zohour District, Naser City, 11787, Cairo (Egypt)

    2013-07-01

    The ultimate aims of treatment and conditioning is to prepare waste for disposal by ensuring that the waste will meet the waste acceptance criteria of a disposal facility. Hence the purpose of low-level waste disposal is to isolate the waste from both people and the environment. The radioactive particles in low-level waste emit the same types of radiation that everyone receives from nature. Most low-level waste fades away to natural background levels of radioactivity in months or years. Virtually all of it diminishes to natural levels in less than 300 years. In Egypt, The Hot Laboratories and Waste Management Center has been established since 1983, as a waste management facility for LLW and ILW and the disposal site licensed for preoperational in 2005. The site accepts the low level waste generated on site and off site and unwanted radioactive sealed sources with half-life less than 30 years for disposal and all types of sources for interim storage prior to the final disposal. Operational requirements at the low-level (LLRW) disposal site are listed in the National Center for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Control NCNSRC guidelines. Additional procedures are listed in the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility Standards Manual. The following describes the current operations at the LLRW disposal site. (authors)

  19. Department of Industrial Engineering Spring 2011 African Climate Exchange II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    PENNSTATE Department of Industrial Engineering Spring 2011 African Climate Exchange II Overview Mr. Sisay Shimelis, the sponsor and contact at African Climate Exchange approached the Industrial for packaging of the product, to reduce automation and increase job availability. Approach All required demands

  20. CONFERENCE OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN SOCIETY FOR PLANT PATHOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE 48TH CONFERENCE OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN SOCIETY FOR PLANT PATHOLOGY Prepared by Arista Fourie The South African Society for Plant Pathology held their 48th conference at the scenic ATKV, Klein Kariba as quarantine regulations. The conference was attended by about 160 members representing regions

  1. Explorative study of African Americans and internet dating 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spates, Kamesha Sondranek

    2005-02-17

    -1 EXPLORATIVE STUDY OF AFRICAN AMERICANS AND INTERNET DATING A Thesis by KAMESHA SONDRANEK SPATES Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2004 Major Subject: Sociology EXPLORATIVE STUDY OF AFRICAN AMERICANS AND INTERNET DATING A Thesis by KAMESHA SONDRANEK SPATES Submitted to Texas A...

  2. Pan African Technologies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorth Carolina: EnergyIncPan African Technologies Jump

  3. Produce diesel from gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singleton, A.H.; Regier, S.

    1983-05-01

    The Gulf Badger process converts natural gas directly to hydrocarbon liquids by a catalytic chemical route. Fischer-Tropsch process--which is a carbon monoxide polymerization/ hydrogenation process--is used. Because the process is exothermal, heat removal by either tubular fixed bed, fluidized bed, or slurry are considered. A wax build up of high molecular weight material is removed by hydro-stripping two-bed system. The demonstration plant flow diagram shows the process to be: natural gas is compressed, recycled with CO/sub 2/, sulfur is removed in a zinc oxide drum, CO is removed in amine scrubbers, H/sub 2//CO ratio is adjusted to produce a hydrogen rich stream, and stabilization and distribution follow. A monitoring system using computers is part of the demonstration unit.

  4. System for treating produced water

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sullivan, Enid J. (Los Alamos, NM); Katz, Lynn (Austin, TX); Kinney, Kerry (Austin, TX); Bowman, Robert S. (Lemitar, NM); Kwon, Soondong (Kyungbuk, KR)

    2010-08-03

    A system and method were used to treat produced water. Field-testing demonstrated the removal of contaminants from produced water from oil and gas wells.

  5. From Pain to Peace: An African American Woman Finding Voice in Black Womanist Theology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abney, Angela

    2014-12-12

    in many ways, 2) African American women pass strength on as a legacy, 3) African American women rely on church and God in their leadership, and 4) African American women’s views on education are paramount in the African American community. The most...

  6. East African coast overlooked. [Oil and gas potential of the east African coast

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-09-01

    This paper reviews the petroleum and gas potential of the Tanzania-Mozambique basinal areas. It discusses the locations of the various sedimentary basins in the onshore and near offshore areas, including the central African rift zone. The paper describes the structure, stratigraphy, and petroleum geology of these basins. Finally the paper reviews the exploration history and the outlook for the future of these basins.

  7. Methods for producing complex films, and films produced thereby

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Duty, Chad E.; Bennett, Charlee J. C.; Moon, Ji -Won; Phelps, Tommy J.; Blue, Craig A.; Dai, Quanqin; Hu, Michael Z.; Ivanov, Ilia N.; Jellison, Jr., Gerald E.; Love, Lonnie J.; Ott, Ronald D.; Parish, Chad M.; Walker, Steven

    2015-11-24

    A method for producing a film, the method comprising melting a layer of precursor particles on a substrate until at least a portion of the melted particles are planarized and merged to produce the film. The invention is also directed to a method for producing a photovoltaic film, the method comprising depositing particles having a photovoltaic or other property onto a substrate, and affixing the particles to the substrate, wherein the particles may or may not be subsequently melted. Also described herein are films produced by these methods, methods for producing a patterned film on a substrate, and methods for producing a multilayer structure.

  8. Thermal Issues in Emerging Technologies, ThETA 1, Cairo, Egypt, Jan 3-6 Graceful Operation of Disk Drives under Thermal Emergencies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gurumurthi, Sudhanva

    Thermal Issues in Emerging Technologies, ThETA 1, Cairo, Egypt, Jan 3-6 ¢¡ 2007 Graceful Operation. This is increasingly important due to the growing power density at all the granularity of the system architecture in a rack/room, cause a large amount of power to be dissipated in a much smaller footprint. Since

  9. Alien Religious Influence on African Religion and Social Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anyanwu, Kane C.

    1976-01-01

    ALIEN I£LIGIOlE ItfUW 00 AFRICAN IRIGIOO AND SOCIAL OWH: byare passively absorbing alien influences and that westerntherefore, a knowledge of alien religious beliefs and world-

  10. Water availability, piospheres and evolution in African ruminants 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Derry, Julian F; Dougill, Andy

    2006-07-21

    Water dependency has consequences for the behaviour of African large herbivores from day-to-day and season-to-season. Independently, there have been comparisons made between the water-dependencies of these species and the consequent impact...

  11. The Geography of Narrative: Representations of Place in African Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowley, Dustin

    2013-05-31

    Questions of geography have been prominent in the criticism of both African literature in particular and postcolonialism in general, including, for instance, issues regarding the nation, globalization, and the urban. Yet ...

  12. Mycosphaerella species causing leaf disease in South African Eucalyptus plantations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mycosphaerella species causing leaf disease in South African Eucalyptus plantations Gavin C. HUNTER Eucalyptus plantations provide an important source of hardwood for forestry industries, worldwide. Several species of Mycosphaerella are associated with a destructive Eucalyptus leaf disease known

  13. Thermal and mechanical development of the East African Rift System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ebinger, Cynthia Joan

    1988-01-01

    The deep basins, uplifted flanks, and volcanoes of the Western and Kenya rift systems have developed along the western and eastern margins of the 1300 km-wide East African plateau. Structural patterns deduced from field, ...

  14. The relationship between verve and the academic achievement of African American and European American middle school students 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawkins, Torrance N.

    2006-04-12

    between African American and European American students? 2. Is there a significant difference in verve levels of African American male and African American female students in middle school? 3. Is there a significant difference in the academic achievement...

  15. Raw Encounters: Chinese Managers, African Workers and the Politics of Casualization in Africa’s Chinese Enclaves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Ching Kwan

    2009-01-01

    WP 2009-14 Raw Encounters: Chinese Managers, African WorkersCasualization in Africa’s Chinese Enclaves by Ching Kwan Leeapproval. Raw Encounters: Chinese Managers, African Workers

  16. Method of producing submicron size particles and product produced thereby

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bourne, R.S.; Eichman, C.C.; Welbon, W.W.

    1988-05-11

    Submicron size particles are produced by using a sputtering process to deposit particles into a liquid. The liquid is processed to recover the particles therefrom, and the particles have sizes in the range of twenty to two hundred Angstroms. Either metallic or non-metallic particles can be produced, and the metallic particles can be used in ''metallic inks.'' 4 figs.

  17. The African honey bee: Factors contributing to a successful biological invasion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott Schneider, Stanley; DeGrandi-Hoffman, Gloria; Smith, Deborah R.

    2004-01-01

    The African honey bee subspecies Apis mellifera scutellata has colonized much of the Americas in less than 50 years and has largely replaced European bees throughout its range in the New World. The African bee therefore provides an excellent...

  18. An Autoethnographic Study: An African American Woman’s Perception of her Journey to the Principalship 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Shirley A

    2013-05-02

    The purpose of this qualitative autoethnographic study was to add to the research of African American female secondary principals. Most research in the field of education concerning women reflects women in general and is not specific to African...

  19. American racism and African diplomats: race and American Cold War policy in West Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oriabure, Stephannie Ebhota

    2001-01-01

    ramifications of the experiences of African diplomats in the United States during the Kennedy administration within both a national and international context. African encounters with American racism illustrate the interplay between foreign policy and domestic...

  20. Method for producing a borohydride

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kong, Peter C. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2008-09-02

    A method for producing a borohydride is described and which includes the steps of providing a source of borate; providing a material which chemically reduces the source of the borate to produce a borohydride; and reacting the source of borate and the material by supplying heat at a temperature which substantially effects the production of the borohydride.

  1. Method for producing a borohydride

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kong, Peter C.

    2010-06-22

    A method for producing a borohydride is described that includes the steps of providing a source of borate; providing a material that chemically reduces the source of the borate to produce a borohydride; and reacting the source of the borate and the material by supplying heat at a temperature that substantially effects the production of the borohydride.

  2. Method of producing molybdenum-99

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pitcher, Eric John

    2013-05-28

    Method of producing molybdenum-99, comprising accelerating ions by means of an accelerator; directing the ions onto a metal target so as to generate neutrons having an energy of greater than 10 MeV; directing the neutrons through a converter material comprising techentium-99 to produce a mixture comprising molybdenum-99; and, chemically extracting the molybdenum-99 from the mixture.

  3. Exploring Risk and Protective Factors Among African American Males in Alternative and General Education Settings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crossley, Tia Billy

    2012-02-14

    to African American males. African American Youth The African American community as a whole has experienced both racism and discrimination. Many African American youth have been vulnerable to academic problems. Adolescence tends to be marked... Youth Risk factors have been characterized as variables that increase the chances of maladaptive outcomes both emotionally and behaviorally (Gutman, Sameroff, & Eccles, 2002; Hanlon et al., 2004). They have been researched throughout the literature...

  4. Holocene climate instability during the termination of the African Humid Period

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renssen, Hans

    Holocene climate instability during the termination of the African Humid Period H. Renssen January 2003; published 25 February 2003. [1] The termination of the Holocene African Humid Period ($9. Goosse, Holocene climate instability during the termination of the African Humid Period, Geophys. Res

  5. Cellulase producing microorganism ATCC 55702

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dees, H.C.

    1997-12-30

    Bacteria which produce large amounts of cellulase--containing cell-free fermentate have been identified. The original bacterium (ATCC 55703) was genetically altered using nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) treatment to produce the enhanced cellulase producing bacterium (ATCC 55702), which was identified through replicate plating. ATCC 55702 has improved characteristics and qualifies for the degradation of cellulosic waste materials for fuel production, food processing, textile processing, and other industrial applications. ATCC 55702 is an improved bacterial host for genetic manipulations using recombinant DNA techniques, and is less likely to destroy genetic manipulations using standard mutagenesis techniques. 5 figs.

  6. Cellulase producing microorganism ATCC 55702

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dees, H. Craig (Lenoir City, TN)

    1997-01-01

    Bacteria which produce large amounts of cellulase--containing cell-free fermentate have been identified. The original bacterium (ATCC 55703) was genetically altered using nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) treatment to produce the enhanced cellulase producing bacterium (ATCC 55702), which was identified through replicate plating. ATCC 55702 has improved characteristics and qualifies for the degradation of cellulosic waste materials for fuel production, food processing, textile processing, and other industrial applications. ATCC 55702 is an improved bacterial host for genetic manipulations using recombinant DNA techniques, and is less likely to destroy genetic manipulations using standard mutagenesis techniques.

  7. Methods of producing cesium-131

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Meikrantz, David H; Snyder, John R

    2012-09-18

    Methods of producing cesium-131. The method comprises dissolving at least one non-irradiated barium source in water or a nitric acid solution to produce a barium target solution. The barium target solution is irradiated with neutron radiation to produce cesium-131, which is removed from the barium target solution. The cesium-131 is complexed with a calixarene compound to separate the cesium-131 from the barium target solution. A liquid:liquid extraction device or extraction column is used to separate the cesium-131 from the barium target solution.

  8. Microorganisms for producing organic acids

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pfleger, Brian Frederick; Begemann, Matthew Brett

    2014-09-30

    Organic acid-producing microorganisms and methods of using same. The organic acid-producing microorganisms comprise modifications that reduce or ablate AcsA activity or AcsA homolog activity. The modifications increase tolerance of the microorganisms to such organic acids as 3-hydroxypropionic acid, acrylic acid, propionic acid, lactic acid, and others. Further modifications to the microorganisms increase production of such organic acids as 3-hydroxypropionic acid, lactate, and others. Methods of producing such organic acids as 3-hydroxypropionic acid, lactate, and others with the modified microorganisms are provided. Methods of using acsA or homologs thereof as counter-selectable markers are also provided.

  9. Methods of producing transportation fuel

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nair, Vijay (Katy, TX); Roes, Augustinus Wilhelmus Maria (Houston, TX); Cherrillo, Ralph Anthony (Houston, TX); Bauldreay, Joanna M. (Chester, GB)

    2011-12-27

    Systems, methods, and heaters for treating a subsurface formation are described herein. At least one method for producing transportation fuel is described herein. The method for producing transportation fuel may include providing formation fluid having a boiling range distribution between -5.degree. C. and 350.degree. C. from a subsurface in situ heat treatment process to a subsurface treatment facility. A liquid stream may be separated from the formation fluid. The separated liquid stream may be hydrotreated and then distilled to produce a distilled stream having a boiling range distribution between 150.degree. C. and 350.degree. C. The distilled liquid stream may be combined with one or more additives to produce transportation fuel.

  10. Modelling the South African fresh fruit export supply chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vuuren, Jan H.

    Modelling the South African fresh fruit export supply chain Frank Gerald Ortmann Thesis presented university for a degree. Signature: Date: #12;#12;Abstract The process of modelling the fruit export, numerous aspects of the export process are considered in this thesis so as to be able to perform

  11. Modelling the South African fresh fruit export supply chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vuuren, Jan H.

    Modelling the South African fresh fruit export supply chain Frank Gerald Ortmann Thesis presented export infrastructure capacity of South Africa formed part of a larger project called the ``Fruit industry into perspective, numerous aspects of the export process are considered in this thesis so

  12. Two new Phytophthora species from South African Eucalyptus plantations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Two new Phytophthora species from South African Eucalyptus plantations Bongani MASEKOa, *, Treena I the cause of collar and root rot disease outbreaks of cold tolerant Eucalyptus species in South Africa and has a slower growth rate in culture. Both P. frigida and P. alti- cola are pathogenic to Eucalyptus

  13. Responses of African economies to the international economic shocks: an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -Var. Abstract The objective of this paper is first to verify the assumption of decoupling or no decoupling African economic conjunctures and international economic shocks. Our study has tested this assumption rate shocks and five to World price of oil shocks. Furthermore, we investigate the viability

  14. Surviving racism: African Nova Scotian women talk about the daily

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brownstone, Rob

    Surviving racism: African Nova Scotian women talk about the daily racism they've experienced a discussion Wednesday as part of Dalhousie's Global Health Rounds. Titled "Surviving Racism and its Impact Scotia #12;does not still have a history of racism and I can assure you that that history is strong

  15. A Management Model of the Northwest African Cephalopod Fishery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Management Model of the Northwest African Cephalopod Fishery W. E. GRANT, W. L. GRIFFIN, and J. P MAURITANIA Nouakchott SENEGAL t::;--~--+-GA M BIA oCanary Islands t? ",(/ and Fisheries Sciences and W. L. Griffin and J. P. Warren are with the Department of Agricul- tural Economics

  16. "The College's African Studies Program has given me the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunkle, Tom

    of African geography, culture and socio-political history, both here and in Africa. After completing my you envision Africa, what comes to mind? Exotic wildlife? Diverse cultures? Lush resources? What about take classes that survey the diverse cultures and politics of this continent, as well as its geography

  17. Predictors of Psychological Health among Rural-Residing African Americans 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Helene

    2012-10-19

    conducted by (Kogan et al. 2007) which looked at the correlates of elevated depressive symptoms in a sample of African American adults diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. Results from this investigation revealed that depression, which was measured by the CES-D...

  18. Producing and Detecting Correlated atoms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christoph I. Westbrook; Martijn Schellekens; Aurélien Perrin; Valentina Krachmalnicoff; Jose Carlos Viana Gomes; Jean-Baptiste Trebbia; Jérôme Estève; Hong Chang; Isabelle Bouchoule; Denis Boiron; Alain Aspect; Tom Jeltes; John McNamara; Wim Hogervorst; Wim Vassen

    2006-09-04

    We discuss experiments to produce and detect atom correlations in a degenerate or nearly degenerate gas of neutral atoms. First we treat the atomic analog of the celebrated Hanbury Brown Twiss experiment, in which atom correlations result simply from interference effects without any atom interactions.We have performed this experiment for both bosons and fermions. Next we show how atom interactions produce correlated atoms using the atomic analog of spontaneous four-wavemixing. Finally, we briefly mention experiments on a one dimensional gas on an atom chip in which correlation effects due to both interference and interactions have been observed.

  19. Process for producing chalcogenide semiconductors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Noufi, R.; Chen, Y.W.

    1985-04-30

    A process for producing chalcogenide semiconductor material is disclosed. The process includes forming a base metal layer and then contacting this layer with a solution having a low pH and containing ions from at least one chalcogen to chalcogenize the layer and form the chalcogenide semiconductor material.

  20. Additive manufacturing method of producing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    Additive manufacturing method of producing silver or copper tracks on polyimide film Problem/stripping) using an additive process support by a novel bio- degradable photo-initiator package. technology. Building on previous work by Hoyd- Gigg Ng et al. [1,2], Heriot-Watt has developed an additive film

  1. Method for producing carbon nanotubes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Phillips, Jonathan (Santa Fe, NM); Perry, William L. (Jemez Springs, NM); Chen, Chun-Ku (Albuquerque, NM)

    2006-02-14

    Method for producing carbon nanotubes. Carbon nanotubes were prepared using a low power, atmospheric pressure, microwave-generated plasma torch system. After generating carbon monoxide microwave plasma, a flow of carbon monoxide was directed first through a bed of metal particles/glass beads and then along the outer surface of a ceramic tube located in the plasma. As a flow of argon was introduced into the plasma through the ceramic tube, ropes of entangled carbon nanotubes, attached to the surface of the tube, were produced. Of these, longer ropes formed on the surface portion of the tube located in the center of the plasma. Transmission electron micrographs of individual nanotubes revealed that many were single-walled.

  2. Process for producing advanced ceramics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kwong, Kyei-Sing (Tuscaloosa, AL)

    1996-01-01

    A process for the synthesis of homogeneous advanced ceramics such as SiC+AlN, SiAlON, SiC+Al.sub.2 O.sub.3, and Si.sub.3 N.sub.4 +AlN from natural clays such as kaolin, halloysite and montmorillonite by an intercalation and heat treatment method. Included are the steps of refining clays, intercalating organic compounds into the layered structure of clays, drying the intercalated mixture, firing the treated atmospheres and grinding the loosely agglomerated structure. Advanced ceramics produced by this procedure have the advantages of homogeneity, cost effectiveness, simplicity of manufacture, ease of grind and a short process time. Advanced ceramics produced by this process can be used for refractory, wear part and structure ceramics.

  3. Method for producing hydrophobic aerogels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hrubesh, Lawrence W. (Pleasanton, CA); Poco, John F. (Livermore, CA); Coronado, Paul R. (Livermore, CA)

    1999-01-01

    A method for treating a dried monolithic aerogel containing non-dispersed particles, with an organometallic surface modifying agent to produce hydrophobic aerogels. The dried, porous hydrophobic aerogels contain a protective layer of alkyl groups, such as methyl groups, on the modified surfaces of the pores of the aerogel. The alkyl groups at the aerogel surface typically contain at least one carbon-metal bond per group.

  4. Method for producing hydrophobic aerogels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hrubesh, L.W.; Poco, J.F.; Coronado, P.R.

    1999-12-21

    A method is described for treating a dried monolithic aerogel containing non-dispersed particles, with an organometallic surface modifying agent to produce hydrophobic aerogels. The dried, porous hydrophobic aerogels contain a protective layer of alkyl groups, such as methyl groups, on the modified surfaces of the pores of the aerogel. The alkyl groups at the aerogel surface typically contain at least one carbon-metal bond per group.

  5. Era Bell Thompson: Observations of an American Daughter on the American South and the African Congo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zacharias, Karenbeth Garvin

    2012-12-31

    ERA BELL THOMPSON: REFLECTIONS IN THE MIRROR OBSERVATIONS OF AN AMERICAN DAUGHTER ON THE AMERICAN SOUTH AND THE AFRICAN CONGO BY KARENBETH G. ZACHARIAS Submitted to the graduate degree program in History and the Graduate Faculty of the University... not have been possible but for the enormous support provided by the Department of History at the University of Kansas. In addition, I would like to thank the Departments of African and African American Studies and Humanities and Western Civilization...

  6. Producing biofuels using polyketide synthases

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Katz, Leonard; Fortman, Jeffrey L; Keasling, Jay D

    2013-04-16

    The present invention provides for a non-naturally occurring polyketide synthase (PKS) capable of synthesizing a carboxylic acid or a lactone, and a composition such that a carboxylic acid or lactone is included. The carboxylic acid or lactone, or derivative thereof, is useful as a biofuel. The present invention also provides for a recombinant nucleic acid or vector that encodes such a PKS, and host cells which also have such a recombinant nucleic acid or vector. The present invention also provides for a method of producing such carboxylic acids or lactones using such a PKS.

  7. Fatty acid-producing hosts

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pfleger, Brian F; Lennen, Rebecca M

    2013-12-31

    Described are hosts for overproducing a fatty acid product such as a fatty acid. The hosts include an exogenous nucleic acid encoding a thioesterase and, optionally, an exogenous nucleic acid encoding an acetyl-CoA carboxylase, wherein an acyl-CoA synthetase in the hosts are functionally delected. The hosts prefereably include the nucleic acid encoding the thioesterase at an intermediate copy number. The hosts are preferably recominantly stable and growth-competent at 37.degree. C. Methods of producing a fatty acid product comprising culturing such hosts at 37.degree. C. are also described.

  8. Method for producing viscous hydrocarbons

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Poston, Robert S. (Winter Park, FL)

    1982-01-01

    A method for recovering viscous hydrocarbons and synthetic fuels from a subterranean formation by drilling a well bore through the formation and completing the well by cementing a casing means in the upper part of the pay zone. The well is completed as an open hole completion and a superheated thermal vapor stream comprised of steam and combustion gases is injected into the lower part of the pay zone. The combustion gases migrate to the top of the pay zone and form a gas cap which provides formation pressure to produce the viscous hydrocarbons and synthetic fuels.

  9. Number of Producing Gas Wells

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets16 (next20, 20082008707 1 NovemberProducing

  10. Black California Dreamin': The Crises of California's African-American Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woods, Clyde

    2012-01-01

    out to black workers as the Kaiser Shipyards did Bay Areato work in the shipyards surrounding San Francisco Bay inexamine African-American shipyard workers, they primarily

  11. African American Student Athletes at Predominately White Institutions and Motivational Factors That Influence Graduate and Professional Degrees 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutledge, Michael E

    2015-01-22

    This study highlights African American male student athletes at PWI’s, and their motivational factors that influenced persistence into graduate school. The following research questions guided this study: (a) How do African ...

  12. The Motivators that Contribute to the Migration of African American Educators from Suburban School Districts to Urban School Districts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGary, Ostrova Dewayne

    2012-07-16

    district as an institution is not responsible or accountable for the African American educators migration, it can provide systems of support and initiatives for African America educators to assist them in overcoming the motivators inside of the school walls...

  13. Weight-related Beliefs, Behaviors, and Social Networks of Obese, Young Adult African- American Women: Implications for Healthy Weight Interventions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollins, Brandy 1982-

    2012-12-10

    Obesity is a public health concern that affects over 30% of Americans. Approximately 78% of African-American women are overweight/obese, as compared to 46% of Caucasian women. Obese African-American women are at higher ...

  14. Engineering microbes to produce biofuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wackett, LP

    2011-06-01

    The current biofuels landscape is chaotic. It is controlled by the rules imposed by economic forces and driven by the necessity of finding new sources of energy, particularly motor fuels. The need is bringing forth great creativity in uncovering new candidate fuel molecules that can be made via metabolic engineering. These next generation fuels include long-chain alcohols, terpenoid hydrocarbons, and diesel-length alkanes. Renewable fuels contain carbon derived from carbon dioxide. The carbon dioxide is derived directly by a photosynthetic fuel-producing organism(s) or via intermediary biomass polymers that were previously derived from carbon dioxide. To use the latter economically, biomass depolymerization processes must improve and this is a very active area of research. There are competitive approaches with some groups using enzyme based methods and others using chemical catalysts. With the former, feedstock and end-product toxicity loom as major problems. Advances chiefly rest on the ability to manipulate biological systems. Computational and modular construction approaches are key. For example, novel metabolic networks have been constructed to make long-chain alcohols and hydrocarbons that have superior fuel properties over ethanol. A particularly exciting approach is to implement a direct utilization of solar energy to make a usable fuel. A number of approaches use the components of current biological systems, but re-engineer them for more direct, efficient production of fuels.

  15. Final Report: African Power/Energy and Environmental Development Plan, July 1, 1994 - August 21, 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butler, John M.

    1999-08-21

    In 1994 AEF signed a Cooperative Agreement with DOE to address a program called the African Power /Energy and Environmental Development Plan. The Program initially addressed five area: (1) Historical Black Colleges and Universities Energy/Environmental Program; (2) The Department of Energy and United States Private Industry Africa Program; (3) The Annual United States Energy Study Tour; (4) South African Training Program, and (5) South African Environmental Program. The programs were implemented in conjunction with DOE, institutions, agencies and the private sector support in the USA and within African nations. AEF has worked with government and technical representatives from 13 African nations and expanded the program to address sponsorship of South African students in Historical Black Colleges and Universities, supporting DOE trade missions through participation and planning, and giving presentations in the U.S., and Africa regarding business opportunities in the African energy sector. The programs implemented have also opened doors for the US private sector to seek business opportunities in Africa and for African nations to gain exposure to US products and services.

  16. Traffic restrictions associated with the Sino-African summit: Reductions of NOx detected from space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boersma, Folkert

    Traffic restrictions associated with the Sino-African summit: Reductions of NOx detected from space restrictions associated with the Sino-African summit: Reductions of NOx detected from space, Geophys. Res. Lett show in what follows that a reduction in NOx emissions was in fact observed by the Ozone Monitoring

  17. Proportionally more deleterious genetic variation in European than in African populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nielsen, Rasmus

    LETTERS Proportionally more deleterious genetic variation in European than in African populations with previous work showing higher overall levels of nucleotide variation in African populations than than AAs do. For SNPs segregating only in one population or the other, the proportion of non

  18. The Missionary Movement in African and World History: Mission Sources and Religious Encounter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, David

    2015-06-03

     reconstructing  social  differentiation  in  African  societies,  particularly  in  revealing  indigenous  African  criticism  of  ‘custom’.       I  The  first  Dixie  Professor  of  Ecclesiastical  History  was...  cultures.11    My  own  research  has  sought  to  expand  the  notion  of  missionary  encounter  in  Africa.      First,  I  have  tended  to  work  on  missionary  movements  within  radical...

  19. Responses of African economies to the international economic shocks: an empirical study.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of this study is first, to verify the assumption of decoupling or no decoupling of African economic conjunctures and international economic shocks. We test this assumption in 15 African countries using a SVAR model for the period capita shocks, six to Federal funds effective rate shocks and five to World price of oil shocks

  20. PUBLISHED ONLINE: 26 JANUARY 2015 | DOI: 10.1038/NGEO2329 The time-transgressive termination of the African

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fay, Noah

    -transgressive termination of the African Humid Period Timothy M. Shanahan1 *, Nicholas P. McKay2 , Konrad A. Hughen3 of the African monsoon. Hydrologic reconstructions from arid North Africa show an abrupt onset and termination of hydrologic reconstructions from across Africa shows that the termination of the African Humid Period

  1. Voices of Four African American Female Clergy and Their Perceptions of Gender, Equity, and Leadership Styles in the African American Urban Church 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ogletree, Evelyn 1954-

    2012-11-30

    pastors for a span of four decades. This dissertation shares the challenges, barriers, and support to female pastors. This study examined personal characteristics, acts of leadership, and acts of negotiating the system within the African American church...

  2. Policy Paper 49: The Military Balance in the Middle East: An Executive Summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordesman, Anthony H.

    1999-01-01

    Weapons Egypt produced and used mustard gas in the YemeniEgypt seems to have several production facilities for mustard and nerve gas.Egypt has the necessary industrial infrastructure for rapid production of cyanide gas.

  3. African Dust Influence on Atlantic Hurricane Activity and the Peculiar Behaviour of Category 5 Hurricanes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrera, Victor M Velasco; H., Graciela Velasco; Gonzalez, Laura Luna

    2010-01-01

    We study the specific influence of African dust on each one of the categories of Atlantic hurricanes. By applying wavelet analysis, we find a strong decadal modulation of African dust on Category 5 hurricanes and an annual modulation on all other categories of hurricanes. We identify the formation of Category 5 hurricanes occurring mainly around the decadal minimum variation of African dust and in deep water areas of the Atlantic Ocean, where hurricane eyes have the lowest pressure. According to our results, future tropical cyclones will not evolve to Category 5 until the next decadal minimum that is, by the year 2015 +/- 2.

  4. Foreign Deities in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zivie-Coche, Christiane

    2011-01-01

    37, pp. 131 - 137. van Dijk, Jacobus 1989 The Canaanite god2004). For Hauron, see van Dijk (1989) and Lilyquist (1994);

  5. Thermal Issues in Emerging Technologies, ThETA 3, Cairo, Egypt, Dec 19-22nd 978-1-61284-266-0/10/$26.00 2010 IEEE ThETA3_056 283

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ]. There is a recent micropower demonstration by Amatya and Ram [8]. The incident solar energy flux is around 1000W/m2Thermal Issues in Emerging Technologies, ThETA 3, Cairo, Egypt, Dec 19-22nd 2010 978-1-61284-266-0/10/$26.00 ©2010 IEEE ThETA3_056 283 SYSTEM OPTIMIZTION OF HOT WATER CONCENTRATED SOLAR THERMOELECTRIC GENERATION

  6. Successful African American students in two-way immersion programs: parent and student perceptions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boone, Sonia Kay

    2009-05-15

    The purpose of this study was to examine perceptions of possible factors that lead to academic success for African American children who participated in two-way immersion programs. In order to examine the perceptions, the ...

  7. A metallurgical study of West African iron monies from Cameroon and Liberia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papakirillou, Ismini

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to make a contribution to the study of West African iron monies through examination and analysis of a group of these objects in the collection of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology ...

  8. Strategic management of innovation and entrepreneurial framework applied to the South African nanotechnology flagship projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hillie, Kenneth Thembela

    2012-01-01

    This study considers four South African nanotechnology flagship projects and evaluates them using the Strategic Management of Innovation and entrepreneurial framework. The flagship projects span a variety of focus areas ...

  9. African American citizen soldiers in Galveston and San Antonio, Texas, 1880-1906 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blair, John Patrick

    2009-05-15

    The Texas Volunteer Guard, created by the Militia Law of 1879, continued to allow African Americans to serve as citizen soldiers. From 1880 to 1906 over six hundred black men faithfully served in the various state militia ...

  10. Alone in the profession of arms: America's first three African American West Point graduates 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, Jeremy Wayne

    2009-05-15

    Following Emancipation, many African Americans came to view military service as a crucial step toward the greater acceptance of blacks into American society and, potentially, toward complete citizenship. Military service ...

  11. Examining the therapeutic compliment with African-Americans: a counseling technique to improve the working alliance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duncan, Bryan Thomas

    2009-05-15

    . In this study, the therapeutic compliment is defined, discussed, and compared with other therapeutic interventions to find its usefulness in therapy and its ability to impact the working alliance. 120 African-Americans from a large southwestern university and a...

  12. Post-liberation Politics: African Perspectives Examining the political legacy of struggle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorman, Sara Rich

    2006-05-08

    This article examines the politics of African states in which insurgencies or liberation movements have taken control of the government. It examines the impact on governance of reforms introduced by these post-liberation ...

  13. Identification of Trypanosome Proteins in Plasma from African Sleeping Sickness Patients Infected with T. b. rhodesiense

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eyford, Brett A.

    Control of human African sleeping sickness, caused by subspecies of the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei, is based on preventing transmission by elimination of the tsetse vector and by active diagnostic screening and ...

  14. Bull-switching in African Bovid Herds: Assessing Best Practices for Breeding Management in Waterbuck 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Renee Crystal Michelle

    2011-10-21

    To implement sustainable ex-situ management of big ungulate herds such as African Waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus), one strategy is to place a vasectomized male with females during the sub-optimal season for breeding and ...

  15. Rape Victimization and High Risk Sexual Behaviors: A Longitudinal Study of African-American Adolescent Females

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    Date violence and date rape among adolescents: Associations31. Wingood GM, DiClemente RJ. Rape among African-Americanand white American women’s rape. J Social Issues. 1992;48:

  16. Estimated impacts of soil degradation on the African water balance and climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feddema, Johannes J.

    1998-01-01

    This study uses a well-established water balance methodology, the Thornthwaite-Mather approach, to evaluate the effects of soil water holding capacity assumptions on estimates of African evapotranspiration rates, moisture deficit, and moisture...

  17. Abundance and Distribution of Africanized Honey Bees in an Urban Environments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Szu-Hung

    2013-01-18

    found in Tucson, AZ. since 1993. It is important to understand the population ecology of AHB for several reasons. Most directly, the behavioral traits retained from African bees present public safety and health risk. AHB are easily agitated; even...

  18. African American Women in Appalachia: Personal Expressions of Race, Place and Gender 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbour-Payne, Yunina Carol

    2014-06-04

    African American women in Appalachia have lived, survived and long been overlooked by dominant narratives that support stereotypical depictions of the Appalachian region and its inhabitants. A little over twenty years ago, ...

  19. African-American fathers’ perspectives on their children’s health education: a qualitative, exploratory study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Odum, Mary; Smith, Matthew Lee; McKyer, E. Lisako J.

    2014-12-08

    Purpose: To investigate African-American fathers’ (AAF) perceptions regarding the applicability and need for their involvement as a health connection for their children and describe how participating fathers’ behavior was ...

  20. Studies into host macrophage transcriptional control by the African Swine Fever Virus protein A238L 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silk, Rhiannon Nicola

    2010-01-01

    African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a large double-stranded DNA virus which causes a lethal haemorrhagic fever in domestic pigs. This virus primarily infects cells from the monocyte/macrophage lineage and its ability to ...

  1. Structure of an African city : study of Ibadan, Nigeria : city structure and morphology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Stephan L. (Stephan Lane), 1971-

    1998-01-01

    The study of Ibadan, Nigeria was conducted to analyze how Colonization has altered, or not altered the structure of the traditional African city form of this Yoruba town. The study encompasses structural city form elements ...

  2. The Leadership Perspectives of African American Males after Participation in a Leadership Development Program 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preston, Tammie M

    2014-10-14

    This study investigated the perceptions of African American undergraduate males who attend a predominately White institution in the southwest as they concern leadership after participation in a leadership development program and the influence...

  3. High School Dropout: Perceptions and Voices of African American and Hispanic Students 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Wanda

    2011-08-08

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions of African American and Hispanic students who dropped out of school while exploring their schooling experiences and the factors they believe contributed to their decision to drop out...

  4. Reclaimed genealogies: reconsidering the ancestor figure in African American women writers’ neo-slave narratives 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milatovic, Maja

    2014-11-25

    This thesis examines the ancestor figure in African American women writers’ neoslave narratives. Drawing on black feminist, critical race and whiteness studies and trauma theory, the thesis closely reads neo-slave ...

  5. Process for producing ethanol from syngas

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Krause, Theodore R; Rathke, Jerome W; Chen, Michael J

    2013-05-14

    The invention provides a method for producing ethanol, the method comprising establishing an atmosphere containing methanol forming catalyst and ethanol forming catalyst; injecting syngas into the atmosphere at a temperature and for a time sufficient to produce methanol; and contacting the produced methanol with additional syngas at a temperature and for a time sufficient to produce ethanol. The invention also provides an integrated system for producing methanol and ethanol from syngas, the system comprising an atmosphere isolated from the ambient environment; a first catalyst to produce methanol from syngas wherein the first catalyst resides in the atmosphere; a second catalyst to product ethanol from methanol and syngas, wherein the second catalyst resides in the atmosphere; a conduit for introducing syngas to the atmosphere; and a device for removing ethanol from the atmosphere. The exothermicity of the method and system obviates the need for input of additional heat from outside the atmosphere.

  6. Producing Transportation Fuels via Photosynthetically-derived...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    technology using cyanobacteria. This technology has potential to produce biofuels and green chemicals (1) at cost that is competitive with conventional ethylene and derivatives...

  7. Table of Contents Producing Hydrogen................1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Biomass Gasification.......................10 Thermochemical Production ........................11 Water in its molecular form. It must be produced from other sources or "feedstocks" such as water, biomass

  8. LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF BIOFUEL SUGARCANE PRODUCED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF BIOFUEL SUGARCANE PRODUCED IN MINERAL SOILS IN FLORIDA 1/11/2013 Technical Report Prepared by: Jose-Luis Izursa #12;LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF BIOFUEL SUGARCANE PRODUCED IN MINERAL.............................................................................................. 10 3.3. Life Cycle Impact Assessment Methodology and Impact Categories

  9. September 2011 Dear FL Beef Cattle Producers,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Jeffrey E.

    September 2011 Dear FL Beef Cattle Producers, I am the veterinary entomologist for UF-IFAS and am beef cattle producers who have extensively used the Avenger insecticide ear tag on their cattle on beef cattle. However, the horn fly is expected to develop resistance to this chemical as it has most

  10. African Americans and the Spanish-American War and Philippine Insurrection: Military Participation, Recognition, and Memory, 1898-1904

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Timothy Dale

    2013-01-01

    and the Spanish American War. ” Indiana Magazine of History,the Spanish American War, The Sixth Virginia Volunteers. ”African Americans and the War Against Spain. ” The North

  11. Program Website: http://www.nrel.colostate.edu/projects/ires EA-IRES: East African International Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, Lee

    Program Website: http://www.nrel.colostate.edu/projects/ires EA-IRES: East African Ecology Laboratory (NREL) in the Warner College of Natural Resources

  12. Quantifying the parameters of successful agricultural producers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaase, Gregory Herman

    2006-08-16

    The primary purpose of the study was to quantify the parameters of successful agricultural producers. Through the use of the Financial and Risk Management (FARM) Assistance database, this study evaluated economic measures ...

  13. Producing a computer generated explosive effect 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mao, Wei

    1999-01-01

    is conducted in order to produce a convincing explosive effect with a computer. A description of the current state of the art provides current achievements by industry and individual artists. A tutorial focusing on modeling, lighting, and setting up animation...

  14. Producing X-rays at the APS

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-04-19

    An introduction and overview of the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory, the technology that produces the brightest X-ray beams in the Western Hemisphere, and the research carried out by scientists using those X-rays.

  15. Clean Energy Producing and Exporting Countries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atighetchi, K.

    2007-01-01

    fitting structure are being investigated. The model developed will be presented to various Natural Gas producing countries such as Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Saudi to name a few and will ultimately be set up the same way that OPEC was....

  16. Methods of producing compounds from plant materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Werpy, Todd A. (West Richland, WA); Schmidt, Andrew J. (Richland, WA); Frye, Jr., John G. (Richland, WA); Zacher, Alan H. (Kennewick, WA), Franz; James A. (Kennewick, WA), Alnajjar; Mikhail S. (Richland, WA), Neuenschwander; Gary G. (Burbank, WA), Alderson; Eric V. (Kennewick, WA), Orth; Rick J. (Kennewick, WA), Abbas; Charles A. (Champaign, IL), Beery; Kyle E. (Decatur, IL), Rammelsberg; Anne M. (Decatur, IL), Kim; Catherine J. (Decatur, IL)

    2010-01-26

    The invention includes methods of processing plant material by adding water to form a mixture, heating the mixture, and separating a liquid component from a solid-comprising component. At least one of the liquid component and the solid-comprising component undergoes additional processing. Processing of the solid-comprising component produces oils, and processing of the liquid component produces one or more of glycerol, ethylene glycol, lactic acid and propylene glycol. The invention includes a process of forming glycerol, ethylene glycol, lactic acid and propylene glycol from plant matter by adding water, heating and filtering the plant matter. The filtrate containing starch, starch fragments, hemicellulose and fragments of hemicellulose is treated to form linear poly-alcohols which are then cleaved to produce one or more of glycerol, ethylene glycol, lactic acid and propylene glycol. The invention also includes a method of producing free and/or complexed sterols and stanols from plant material.

  17. Methods and systems for producing syngas

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hawkes, Grant L; O'Brien, James E; Stoots, Carl M; Herring, J. Stephen; McKellar, Michael G; Wood, Richard A; Carrington, Robert A; Boardman, Richard D

    2013-02-05

    Methods and systems are provided for producing syngas utilizing heat from thermochemical conversion of a carbonaceous fuel to support decomposition of at least one of water and carbon dioxide using one or more solid-oxide electrolysis cells. Simultaneous decomposition of carbon dioxide and water or steam by one or more solid-oxide electrolysis cells may be employed to produce hydrogen and carbon monoxide. A portion of oxygen produced from at least one of water and carbon dioxide using one or more solid-oxide electrolysis cells is fed at a controlled flow rate in a gasifier or combustor to oxidize the carbonaceous fuel to control the carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide ratio produced.

  18. Produced Water Management and Beneficial Use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terry Brown; Carol Frost; Thomas Hayes; Leo Heath; Drew Johnson; David Lopez; Demian Saffer; Michael Urynowicz; John Wheaton; Mark Zoback

    2007-10-31

    Large quantities of water are associated with the production of coalbed methane (CBM) in the Powder River Basin (PRB) of Wyoming. The chemistry of co-produced water often makes it unsuitable for subsequent uses such as irrigated agriculture. However, co-produced waters have substantial potential for a variety of beneficial uses. Achieving this potential requires the development of appropriate water management strategies. There are several unique characteristics of co-produced water that make development of such management strategies a challenge. The production of CBM water follows an inverse pattern compared to traditional wells. CBM wells need to maintain low reservoir pressures to promote gas production. This need renders the reinjection of co-produced waters counterproductive. The unique water chemistry of co-produced water can reduce soil permeability, making surface disposal difficult. Unlike traditional petroleum operations where co-produced water is an undesirable by-product, co-produced water in the PRB often is potable, making it a highly valued resource in arid western states. This research project developed and evaluated a number of water management options potentially available to CBM operators. These options, which focus on cost-effective and environmentally-sound practices, fall into five topic areas: Minimization of Produced Water, Surface Disposal, Beneficial Use, Disposal by Injection and Water Treatment. The research project was managed by the Colorado Energy Research Institute (CERI) at the Colorado School of Mines (CSM) and involved personnel located at CERI, CSM, Stanford University, Pennsylvania State University, the University of Wyoming, the Argonne National Laboratory, the Gas Technology Institute, the Montana Bureau of Mining and Geology and PVES Inc., a private firm.

  19. Failure to Find Proboscis Conditioning in One-Day Old Africanized Honey Bees (Apis Mellifera L,) and in Adult Uru§u. Honey bees (Melipona Scutellaris)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abramson, Charles I; Aquino, Italo S; Stone, Sherrill M

    1999-01-01

    in one day old Africanized bees and adult Uru^u wereand before that day old honey bees and adult Urugu do indeedin day old Africanized honey bees and adult stingless bees.

  20. Central African Republic: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    54.3%, or 25 MW, to the installed generation capacity in 2008. The majority of biomass consumption is produced indigenously. Total electricity generation in 2008 was 162.0 GWh,...

  1. Selection Process for Third and Fourth Grade African American Gifted and Talented: A Case Study in One Urban School District 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brazile, Ruth Delories

    2011-10-21

    : Percentage of reporting districts offering Gifted and Talented . .......... 16 Table II-2: Representation Ratio of African and European Americans. ................ 31 Table IV-1: Demographics by Gender, Age, Ethnicity and Grade Taught. ........... 82... and Talented Program. .............................................................................................. 16 Figure II-2: Representation of African American and European American students in Gifted and Talented programs (states A...

  2. Urban African-American Single Mothers Using Resiliency And Racial Socialization To Influence Academic Success In Their Young Sons 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson-Hubbard, Lisa Doris

    2012-02-14

    research. 11 This study investigated the experiences of African-American single mothers in an urban school in a specific city in south Texas, not the state or nation as a whole. Also, participants represented a purposeful sample of single African...

  3. Being the partial proceedings of a conference co-organized by the South-African Regional Poverty Network,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Being the partial proceedings of a conference co-organized by the South-African Regional Poverty, Southern African governments have identified the eradication or alleviation of poverty as a key objective of developmental programmes. In spite of these repeated articulations and ongoing efforts poverty levels have

  4. MIKE Central African Pilot Project Report 2, draft 21 August 2001 27 ANNEX 1: Field data forms and field form instructions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Len

    MIKE Central African Pilot Project Report 2, draft 21 August 2001 27 ANNEX 1: Field data forms: ELEPHANT POPULATION FORM #12;MIKE Central African Pilot Project Report 2, draft 21 August 2001 28 1. MIKE deplacement Recce Transect Other #12;MIKE Central African Pilot Project Report 2, draft 21 August 2001 29 16

  5. Producers. US independents: exploring for clout

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-05-25

    Are US independent oil producers an emerging voice that will catapult the country towards a new, comprehensive energy policy. Or, are they voices in a quiet wilderness of traditional oil supply at prices posted by the majors. Certainly the independents drill 85% of all new wells and produce 41% of the country's oil. But contemporary pricing practices, accompanied by growing energy interdependencies on a global scale, are realities many independents see at a foggy distance. Will they adopt the New Think of product-price values, as the OPEC countries did many years ago. This issue also presents the following data in tabular form: (1) changes in the number of US producing wells and new wells completed by state, 1985-1987; (2) ED refining netback data for the US Gulf and West Coasts, Rotterdam, and Singapore for late May 1988; and (3) ED fuel price/tax series for countries of the Eastern Hemisphere, May 1988 edition. 5 figures, 6 tables.

  6. Method of producing a high pressure gas

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bingham, Dennis N.; Klingler, Kerry M.; Zollinger, William T.

    2006-07-18

    A method of producing a high pressure gas is disclosed and which includes providing a container; supplying the container with a liquid such as water; increasing the pressure of the liquid within the container; supplying a reactant composition such as a chemical hydride to the liquid under pressure in the container and which chemically reacts with the liquid to produce a resulting high pressure gas such as hydrogen at a pressure of greater than about 100 pounds per square inch of pressure; and drawing the resulting high pressure gas from the container.

  7. Solid fuel volatilization to produce synthesis gas

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Lanny D.; Dauenhauer, Paul J.; Degenstein, Nick J.; Dreyer, Brandon J.; Colby, Joshua L.

    2014-07-29

    A method comprising contacting a carbon and hydrogen-containing solid fuel and a metal-based catalyst in the presence of oxygen to produce hydrogen gas and carbon monoxide gas, wherein the contacting occurs at a temperature sufficiently high to prevent char formation in an amount capable of stopping production of the hydrogen gas and the carbon monoxide gas is provided. In one embodiment, the metal-based catalyst comprises a rhodium-cerium catalyst. Embodiments further include a system for producing syngas. The systems and methods described herein provide shorter residence time and high selectivity for hydrogen and carbon monoxide.

  8. 3. Have the products been legally produced?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ecosystems, been protected? Climate change Have climate issues been addressed? Environmental protection Have a complex set of legal, political, social, and economic issues. Poverty, lack of education, financial issues3. Have the products been legally produced? 3.Legality Environmental aspects Social aspects

  9. Producing dicarboxylic acids using polyketide synthases

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Katz, Leonard; Fortman, Jeffrey L; Keasling, Jay D

    2013-10-29

    The present invention provides for a polyketide synthase (PKS) capable of synthesizing a dicarboxylic acid (diacid). Such diacids include diketide-diacids and triketide-diacids. The invention includes recombinant nucleic acid encoding the PKS, and host cells comprising the PKS. The invention also includes methods for producing the diacids.

  10. Performance Profiles of Major Energy Producers

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2011-01-01

    The information and analyses in Performance Profiles of Major Energy Producers is intended to provide a critical review, and promote an understanding, of the possible motivations and apparent consequences of investment decisions made by some of the largest corporations in the energy industry.

  11. Pacific and Atlantic herring produce burst pulse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dill, Lawrence M.

    Pacific and Atlantic herring produce burst pulse sounds Ben Wilson1,2* , Robert S. Batty3 wild-caught herring. Pacific herring pro- duce distinctive bursts of pulses, termed Fast Repetitive Tick (FRT) sounds. These trains of broadband pulses (1.7­22 kHz) lasted between 0.6 s and 7.6 s. Most

  12. Cooperative Extension System Cattle Producer's Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Laughlin, Jay

    1150-1 Cooperative Extension System Cattle Producer's Library Cow-Calf Section CL1150 efficiency be used when balancing rations for beef cattle. One other ben- efit of the ammoniation process of wintering beef cattle. Those who have wheat or barley straw may find that ammoniation could solve

  13. Cooperative Extension System Cattle Producer's Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Laughlin, Jay

    1120-1 Cooperative Extension System Cattle Producer's Library Cow-Calf Section CL1120 Drought conditions greatly reduce the available for- age for wintering cattle. During drought periods, both Cows Roger Brownson, Beef Cattle Specialist Montana State University Proposed rations are based

  14. Cooperative Extension System Cattle Producer's Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Laughlin, Jay

    Cooperative Extension System Cattle Producer's Library Cow-Calf Section CL1100 Cattlemen have to vitamin A for calves or cows, may occur during drought. Even though cattle can store vitamin or the nursing-only calves during a trial period of 107 days. Roger Brownson, Beef Cattle Specialist Montana

  15. Method for producing gasoline-alcohol fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Black, C.

    1983-05-10

    A process for producing gasoline-ethanol blends comprises purifying dilute ethanol by extractive distillation and concentrating the ethanol by distillation followed by one or both of the following steps: (A) liquid extraction of ethanol into heated gasoline or (B) azeotropic distillation of ethanol with an entrainer followed by blending with gasoline.

  16. Biotech Breakthrough Produces Ethanol from Waste Glycerin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Steven J.

    , it actually assists with waste processing, vitamin K production and food absorption. The same principleBiotech Breakthrough Produces Ethanol from Waste Glycerin Doing something about global warming that this process creates large quantities of waste glycerin, that was so far impossible to put to good use

  17. Methods of producing continuous boron carbide fibers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Garnier, John E.; Griffith, George W.

    2015-12-01

    Methods of producing continuous boron carbide fibers. The method comprises reacting a continuous carbon fiber material and a boron oxide gas within a temperature range of from approximately 1400.degree. C. to approximately 2200.degree. C. Continuous boron carbide fibers, continuous fibers comprising boron carbide, and articles including at least a boron carbide coating are also disclosed.

  18. Beneficial Reuse of San Ardo Produced Water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert A. Liske

    2006-07-31

    This DOE funded study was performed to evaluate the potential for treatment and beneficial reuse of produced water from the San Ardo oilfield in Monterey County, CA. The potential benefits of a successful full-scale implementation of this project include improvements in oil production efficiency and additional recoverable oil reserves as well as the addition of a new reclaimed water resource. The overall project was conducted in two Phases. Phase I identified and evaluated potential end uses for the treated produced water, established treated water quality objectives, reviewed regulations related to treatment, transport, storage and use of the treated produced water, and investigated various water treatment technology options. Phase II involved the construction and operation of a small-scale water treatment pilot facility to evaluate the process's performance on produced water from the San Ardo oilfield. Cost estimates for a potential full-scale facility were also developed. Potential end uses identified for the treated water include (1) agricultural use near the oilfield, (2) use by Monterey County Water Resources Agency (MCWRA) for the Salinas Valley Water Project or Castroville Seawater Intrusion Project, (3) industrial or power plant use in King City, and (4) use for wetlands creation in the Salinas Basin. All of these uses were found to have major obstacles that prevent full-scale implementation. An additional option for potential reuse of the treated produced water was subsequently identified. That option involves using the treated produced water to recharge groundwater in the vicinity of the oil field. The recharge option may avoid the limitations that the other reuse options face. The water treatment pilot process utilized: (1) warm precipitation softening to remove hardness and silica, (2) evaporative cooling to meet downstream temperature limitations and facilitate removal of ammonia, and (3) reverse osmosis (RO) for removal of dissolved salts, boron, and organics. Pilot study results indicate that produced water from the San Ardo oilfield can be treated to meet project water quality goals. Approximately 600 mg/l of caustic and 100 mg/l magnesium dosing were required to meet the hardness and silica goals in the warm softening unit. Approximately 30% of the ammonia was removed in the cooling tower; additional ammonia could be removed by ion exchange or other methods if necessary. A brackish water reverse osmosis membrane was effective in removing total dissolved solids and organics at all pH levels evaluated; however, the boron treatment objective was only achieved at a pH of 10.5 and above.

  19. Spectral optical properties of selected photosynthetic microalgae producing biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Euntaek; Heng, Ri-Liang; Pilon, Laurent

    2013-01-01

    Biochemical composition of microalgae from the green algalof Selected Photosynthetic Microalgae Producing Biofuelsof Selected Photosyn- thetic Microalgae Producing Biofuels”,

  20. Method for producing catalysis from coal

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Farcasiu, Malvina (Pittsburgh, PA); Derbyshire, Frank (Lexington, KY); Kaufman, Phillip B. (Library, PA); Jagtoyen, Marit (Lexington, KY)

    1998-01-01

    A method for producing catalysts from coal is provided comprising mixing an aqueous alkali solution with the coal, heating the aqueous mixture to treat the coal, drying the now-heated aqueous mixture, reheating the mixture to form carbonized material, cooling the mixture, removing excess alkali from the carbonized material, and recovering the carbonized material, wherein the entire process is carried out in controlled atmospheres, and the carbonized material is a hydrocracking or hydrodehalogenation catalyst for liquid phase reactions. The invention also provides for a one-step method for producing catalysts from coal comprising mixing an aqueous alkali solution with the coal to create a mixture, heating the aqueous mixture from an ambient temperature to a predetermined temperature at a predetermined rate, cooling the mixture, and washing the mixture to remove excess alkali from the treated and carbonized material, wherein the entire process is carried out in a controlled atmosphere.

  1. Method for producing catalysts from coal

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Farcasiu, M.; Derbyshire, F.; Kaufman, P.B.; Jagtoyen, M.

    1998-02-24

    A method for producing catalysts from coal is provided comprising mixing an aqueous alkali solution with the coal, heating the aqueous mixture to treat the coal, drying the now-heated aqueous mixture, reheating the mixture to form carbonized material, cooling the mixture, removing excess alkali from the carbonized material, and recovering the carbonized material, wherein the entire process is carried out in controlled atmospheres, and the carbonized material is a hydrocracking or hydrodehalogenation catalyst for liquid phase reactions. The invention also provides for a one-step method for producing catalysts from coal comprising mixing an aqueous alkali solution with the coal to create a mixture, heating the aqueous mixture from an ambient temperature to a predetermined temperature at a predetermined rate, cooling the mixture, and washing the mixture to remove excess alkali from the treated and carbonized material, wherein the entire process is carried out in a controlled atmosphere. 1 fig.

  2. Method of producing .sup.67 Cu

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    O'Brien, Jr., Harold A. (Los Alamos, NM); Barnes, John W. (Los Alamos, NM); Taylor, Wayne A. (Los Alamos, NM); Thomas, Kenneth E. (Los Alamos, NM); Bentley, Glenn E. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1984-01-01

    A method of producing carrier-free .sup.67 Cu by proton spallation combined with subsequent chemical separation and purification is disclosed. A target consisting essentially of pressed zinc oxide is irradiated with a high energy, high current proton beam to produce a variety of spallogenic nuclides, including .sup.67 Cu and other copper isotopes. The irradiated target is dissolved in a concentrated acid solution to which a palladium salt is added. In accordance with the preferred method, the spallogenic copper is twice coprecipitated with palladium, once with metallic zinc as the precipitating agent and once with hydrogen sulfide as the precipitating agent. The palladium/copper precipitate is then dissolved in an acid solution and the copper is separated from the palladium by liquid chromatography on an anion exchange resin.

  3. Method and apparatus for producing cryogenic targets

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Murphy, James T. (Los Alamos, NM); Miller, John R. (Penfield, NY)

    1984-01-01

    An improved method and apparatus are given for producing cryogenic inertially driven fusion targets in the fast isothermal freezing (FIF) method. Improved coupling efficiency and greater availability of volume near the target for diagnostic purposes and for fusion driver beam propagation result. Other embodiments include a new electrical switch and a new explosive detonator, all embodiments making use of a purposeful heating by means of optical fibers.

  4. Method and apparatus for producing cryogenic targets

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Murphy, J.T.; Miller, J.R.

    1984-08-07

    An improved method and apparatus are given for producing cryogenic inertially driven fusion targets in the fast isothermal freezing (FIF) method. Improved coupling efficiency and greater availability of volume near the target for diagnostic purposes and for fusion driver beam propagation result. Other embodiments include a new electrical switch and a new explosive detonator, all embodiments making use of a purposeful heating by means of optical fibers. 6 figs.

  5. Method of producing microchannel and nanochannel articles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    D'Urso, Brian R.

    2010-05-04

    A method of making an article having channels therethrough includes the steps of: providing a ductile structure defining at least one macro-channel, the macro-channel containing a salt; drawing the ductile structure in the axial direction of the at least one macro-channel to reduce diameter of the macro-channel; and contacting the salt with a solvent to dissolve the salt to produce an article having at least one microchannel.

  6. Process for producing furan from furfural aldehyde

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Diebold, J.P.; Evans, R.J.

    1987-04-06

    A process of producing furan and derivatives thereof as disclosed. The process includes generating furfural aldehyde vapors and then passing those vapors over a zeolite catalyst at a temperature and for a residence time effective to decarbonylate the furfural aldehydes to form furans and derivatives thereof. The resultant furan vapors and derivatives are then separated. In a preferred form, the furfural aldehyde vapors are generated during the process of converting biomass materials to liquid and gaseous fuels.

  7. Beneficial Reuse of San Ardo Produced Water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert A. Liske

    2003-09-26

    This report summarizes the work performed from 1 April 2003 to 30 September 2003 and recommends the tasks to be performed during Phase II (Pilot Evaluation). During this period discussions were held with various water agencies regarding use of the treated produced water either directly or indirectly through a water trading arrangement. In particular, several discussions were held with Monterey County Water Resources Agency, that has been charged with the long-term management and preservation of water resources in Monterey County. The Agency is very supportive of the program. However, they would like to see water quality/cost estimate data for the treated produced water from the pilot study prior to evaluating water use/water trade options. The agency sent a letter encouraging the project team to perform the pilot study to evaluate feasibility of the project. In addition, the regulations related to use of the treated water for various applications were updated during this period. Finally, the work plan, health and safety plan and sample analyses plan for performing pilot study to treat the oilfield produced water were developed during this period.

  8. DESCRIPTIVE OVERVIEW AND ANALYSIS OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN CASE 4.1 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    of the country. South African shores are washed by two ocean currents, which are fundamental drivers of the climate in the country. The cold Benguela Current flows northwards from the Antarctic along the west coast that is not conducive to precipitation. The warm Agulhas Current flows southwards from the tropics, bringing high levels

  9. 14.8 Marine Sediment Records of African Climate Change: Progress and Puzzles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deMenocal, Peter B.

    knowledge of the magnitudes and rates of past ocean circulation and global climate changes, as well that the African continent was warm, wet, and well vegetated during much of the early Cenozoic and that large critical `ground truth' information documenting conditions in specific regions of Africa. Marine sediment

  10. Parallel adaptive origins of digestive RNases in Asian and African leaf monkeys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jianzhi

    Parallel adaptive origins of digestive RNases in Asian and African leaf monkeys Jianzhi Zhang-directed mutagenesis show that the new genes acquired enhanced digestive efficiencies through parallel amino acid replacements driven by darwinian selection. They also lost a non-digestive function independently, under

  11. Arthur D. Harrison, the doyen of African limnol-ogy and studies of the Afrotropical Chironomidae,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cranston, Peter S.

    Arthur D. Harrison, the doyen of African limnol- ogy and studies of the Afrotropical Chironomidae, post-drought, including documenting Fish Hoek. Photo P. Cranston Arthur D. Harrison. Photo Helen James, died in Canada over 3 years ago with little or no posthumous scientific recognition. This piece

  12. GRAFT TRANSMISSION AND SYMPTOMOLOGY OF LIBERIBACTERS FROM SELECTED INDIGENOUS SOUTH AFRICAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GRAFT TRANSMISSION AND SYMPTOMOLOGY OF LIBERIBACTERS FROM SELECTED INDIGENOUS SOUTH AFRICAN MEMBERS PCR analysis. Contrary to citrus transmissions described above, all of the Laf- recipient trees Rutaceous hosts we hope to establish whether such a transmission event will have detrimental effects

  13. Sustainability Research Institute, Centre for Global Development and Centre for African Studies (LUCAS) Seminar Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haase, Markus

    Sustainability Research Institute, Centre for Global Development and Centre for African Studies (LUCAS) Seminar Series Invite you to the second in the series on The Environment, Human Rights and Development Resource Politics and Advocacy Struggles in Zimbabwe: Encountering Power at Multiple Scales Sam

  14. Reprint draft October 8, 2003 Pliocene tephra correlations between East African

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deMenocal, Peter B.

    , University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 Abstract A continuous record of Pliocene-Pleistocene East African volcanic tephra deposition has been developed from a marine sediment sequence at Ocean Drilling-Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) sites from the Gulf of Aden, nearly one thousand kilometers northeast of hominid

  15. A REVOLUTION WITHIN A REVOLUTION: AFRICAN AMERICAN AND WOMEN BEAT POETS 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abernethy, Olivia

    2008-08-19

    . As the metal, is hot, it is not, given to love. It burns the thing inside it. And that thing screams. 24 The transformation seen in this excerpt of the poem hints at the subtle yet distinctive tinge of reproach Jones feels as an African American...

  16. A revolution in ICT, the last hope for African Rural Communities' technology appropriation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    A revolution in ICT, the last hope for African Rural Communities' technology appropriation Gereon on the challenge of designing products suited to rural practices and conceptualizations in Southern Africa. To create a framework compatible with rural customs of information transfer and supportive of rural

  17. WEST AFRICAN DRUMMING, GEOGRAPHY, HISTORY, LANGUAGE, MULTICULTURALISM AND AT-RISK STUDENTS IN THE MUSIC CLASSROOM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bassett, Dylan A.

    2010-06-09

    Background……………………………………………………………………. 4 Literature Review…………………………………………………………….. 5 Chapter II: Traditional Music in Traditional and Modern West Africa: Drumming Styles of the Wolof in Senegal; Ga, Ewe, and Akan of Ghana; and Mande of Guinea... ……………………………………………….9 Commonalities in Various West African Drumming Styles…………. 9 Senegal: Traditional Drumming Styles……………………………… … 12 Ghana: Traditional Drumming Styles………………………………… ..18 Guinea: Traditional Drumming Styles………………………………… . 23 Traditional Music...

  18. CORRESPONDENCE Reply to: African dust and asthma in the Caribbean--medical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prospero, Joseph M.

    to African dust and to Barbados and the Caribbean. Rather, they cite much literature on the relationship over the oceans and their role in climate, a program that began in 1965 on Barbados and continues impact of climate variability on dust concentrations in Barbados trade winds. With the onset of long

  19. Sex differences and similarities in the neuroendocrine regulation of social behavior in an African cichlid fish,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hofmann, Hans A.

    Sex differences and similarities in the neuroendocrine regulation of social behavior in an African and within the social states or sexes. We aimed to determine sex-specific attributes of social status by comparing circulating sex steroid hormones and neural gene expression of sex steroid receptors in dominant

  20. Estimation of freshwater availability in the West African sub-continent using the SWAT hydrologic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Estimation of freshwater availability in the West African sub-continent using the SWAT hydrologic availability is indispensable for water resources management at regional or national level. This information processes. The currently available estimates of freshwater availability by a few large international

  1. An Admixture Scan in 1,484 African American Women with Breast Cancer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich, David

    An Admixture Scan in 1,484 African American Women with Breast Cancer Laura Fejerman,1 Christopher A women with breast cancer present more commonly with aggressive tumors that do not ex- press the estrogen-wide scan to search for risk alleles for breast cancer that are highly differentiated in fre- quency between

  2. HIV/AIDS in African-Americans Christopher Evans, MD/MPH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Michael S.

    of Medicine Oregon Health and Science University #12;Disclosure I have no actual or potential conflict of interest in relation to this program/presentation #12;"Of all the forms of inequality, injustice in health in particular. 2005 Nationwide survey of African-Americans 26% believe HIV was made in a US government lab 15

  3. ADVANCED STRIPPER GAS PRODUCED WATER REMEDIATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harry Bonner; Roger Malmquist

    2003-11-01

    Natural gas and oil production from stripper wells also produces water contaminated with hydrocarbons, and in most locations, salts and trace elements. The hydrocarbons are not generally present in concentrations that allow the operator to economically recover these liquids. Produced liquids, (Stripper Gas Water) which are predominantly water, present the operator with two options; purify the water to acceptable levels of contaminates, or pay for the disposal of the water. The project scope involves testing SynCoal as a sorbent to reduce the levels of contamination in stripper gas well produced water to a level that the water can be put to a productive use. Produced water is to be filtered with SynCoal, a processed sub-bituminous coal. It is expected that the surface area of and in the SynCoal would sorb the hydrocarbons and other contaminates and the effluent would be usable for agricultural purposes. Test plan anticipates using two well locations described as being disparate in the level and type of contaminates present. The loading capacity and the rate of loading for the sorbent should be quantified in field testing situations which include unregulated and widely varying liquid flow rates. This will require significant flexibility in the initial stages of the investigation. The scope of work outlined below serves as the guidelines for the testing of SynCoal carbon product as a sorbent to remove hydrocarbons and other contaminants from the produced waters of natural gas wells. A maximum ratio of 1 lb carbon to 100 lbs water treated is the initial basis for economic design. While the levels of contaminants directly impact this ratio, the ultimate economics will be dictated by the filter servicing requirements. This experimental program was intended to identify those treatment parameters that yield the best technological practice for a given set of operating conditions. The goal of this research was to determine appropriate guidelines for field trials by accurately characterizing the performance of SynCoal over a full range of operating conditions.

  4. Method of producing a cellulase-containing cell-free fermentate produced from microorganism ATCC 55702

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dees, H.C.

    1998-05-26

    Bacteria which produce large amounts of cellulose-containing cell-free fermentate have been identified. The original bacterium (ATCC 55703) was genetically altered using nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) treatment to produce the enhanced cellulase producing bacterium (ATCC 55702), which was identified through replicate plating. ATCC 55702 has improved characteristics and qualities for the degradation of cellulosic waste materials for fuel production, food processing, textile processing, and other industrial applications. ATCC 55702 is an improved bacterial host for genetic manipulations using recombinant DNA techniques, and is less likely to destroy genetic manipulations using standard mutagenesis techniques. 5 figs.

  5. Method of producing a cellulase-containing cell-free fermentate produced from microorganism ATCC 55702

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dees, H. Craig (Lenoir City, TN)

    1998-01-01

    Bacteria which produce large amounts of cellulose-containing cell-free fermentate have been identified. The original bacterium (ATCC 55703) was genetically altered using nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) treatment to produce the enhanced cellulase producing bacterium (ATCC 55702), which was identified through replicate plating. ATCC 55702 has improved characteristics and qualities for the degradation of cellulosic waste materials for fuel production, food processing, textile processing, and other industrial applications. ATCC 55702 is an improved bacterial host for genetic manipulations using recombinant DNA techniques, and is less likely to destroy genetic manipulations using standard mutagenesis techniques.

  6. Method for producing nanostructured metal-oxides

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tillotson, Thomas M.; Simpson, Randall L.; Hrubesh, Lawrence W.; Gash, Alexander

    2006-01-17

    A synthetic route for producing nanostructure metal-oxide-based materials using sol-gel processing. This procedure employs the use of stable and inexpensive hydrated-metal inorganic salts and environmentally friendly solvents such as water and ethanol. The synthesis involves the dissolution of the metal salt in a solvent followed by the addition of a proton scavenger, which induces gel formation in a timely manner. Both critical point (supercritical extraction) and atmospheric (low temperature evaporation) drying may be employed to produce monolithic aerogels and xerogels, respectively. Using this method synthesis of metal-oxide nanostructured materials have been carried out using inorganic salts, such as of Fe.sup.3+, Cr.sup.3+, Al.sup.3+, Ga.sup.3+, In.sup.3+, Hf.sup.4+, Sn.sup.4+, Zr.sup.4+, Nb.sup.5+, W.sup.6+, Pr.sup.3+, Er.sup.3+, Nd.sup.3+, Ce.sup.3+, U.sup.3+ and Y.sup.3+. The process is general and nanostructured metal-oxides from the following elements of the periodic table can be made: Groups 2 through 13, part of Group 14 (germanium, tin, lead), part of Group 15 (antimony, bismuth), part of Group 16 (polonium), and the lanthanides and actinides. The sol-gel processing allows for the addition of insoluble materials (e.g., metals or polymers) to the viscous sol, just before gelation, to produce a uniformly distributed nanocomposites upon gelation. As an example, energetic nanocomposites of Fe.sub.xO.sub.y gel with distributed Al metal are readily made. The compositions are stable, safe, and can be readily ignited to thermitic reaction.

  7. Performance profiles of major energy producers 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-23

    Performance Profiles of Major Energy Producers 1989 is the thirteenth annual report of the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Financial Reporting System (FRS). The report examines financial and operating developments, with particular reference to the 23 major energy companies (the FRS companies'') required to report annually on Form EIA-28. Financial information is reported by major lines of business including oil and gas production, petroleum refining and marketing, and other energy operations. Domestic and international operations are examined separately in this report. It also traces key developments affecting the financial performance of major energy companies in 1989, as well as review of important trends.

  8. Method of producing .beta.-spodumene bodies

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chyung, Kenneth (Painted Post, NY); Day, J. Paul (Big Flats, NY); Holleran, Louis M. (Big Flats, NY); Olszewski, Anthony R. (Bath, NY)

    1999-01-01

    Beta-spodumene bodies and method of preparing the bodies that involves providing a uniform plastic batch of inorganic raw materials, organic binder, and vehicle, wherein the inorganic raw materials are composed of, in percent by weight, about 75% to 95% minerals, and about 5% to 25% glass. The batch is formed into a green body that is fired to produce a body composed substantially of beta-spodumene, and having a thermal expansion coefficient of <10.times.10.sup.-7 /.degree.C.(0-800.degree. C.), and a strength of .gtoreq.4 Ksi.

  9. Tensor mesons produced in tau lepton decays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lopez Castro, G.; Munoz, J. H.

    2011-05-01

    Light tensor mesons (T=a{sub 2}, f{sub 2} and K{sub 2}*) can be produced in decays of {tau} leptons. In this paper we compute the branching ratios of {tau}{yields}T{pi}{nu} decays by assuming the dominance of intermediate virtual states to model the form factors involved in the relevant hadronic matrix elements. The exclusive f{sub 2}(1270){pi}{sup -} decay mode turns out to have the largest branching ratio, of O(10{sup -4}). Our results indicate that the contribution of tensor meson intermediate states to the three-pseudoscalar channels of {tau} decays are rather small.

  10. Process for producing phenolic compounds from lignins

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Agblevor, F.A.

    1998-09-15

    A process is described for the production of low molecular weight phenolic compounds from lignins through the pyrolysis of the lignins in the presence of a strong base. In a preferred embodiment, potassium hydroxide is present in an amount of from about 0.1% to about 5% by weight, the pyrolysis temperature is from about 400 C to about 600 C at atmospheric pressure, and the time period for substantial completion of the reaction is from about 1--3 minutes. Examples of low molecular weight phenolic compounds produced include methoxyphenols, non-methoxylated phenols, and mixtures thereof. 16 figs.

  11. Process for producing phenolic compounds from lignins

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Agblevor, Foster A. (Lakewood, CO)

    1998-01-01

    A process for the production of low molecular weight phenolic compounds from lignins through the pyrolysis of the lignins in the presence of a strong base. In a preferred embodiment, potassium hydroxide is present in an amount of from about 0.1% to about 5% by weight, the pyrolysis temperature is from about 400.degree. C. to about 600.degree. C. at atmospheric pressure, and the time period for substantial completion of the reaction is from about 1-3 minutes. Examples of low molecular weight phenolic compounds produced include methoxyphenols, non-methoxylated phenols, and mixtures thereof.

  12. Method for producing metal oxide nanoparticles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Phillips, Jonathan (Santa Fe, NM); Mendoza, Daniel (Santa Fe, NM); Chen, Chun-Ku (Albuquerque, NM)

    2008-04-15

    Method for producing metal oxide nanoparticles. The method includes generating an aerosol of solid metallic microparticles, generating plasma with a plasma hot zone at a temperature sufficiently high to vaporize the microparticles into metal vapor, and directing the aerosol into the hot zone of the plasma. The microparticles vaporize in the hot zone into metal vapor. The metal vapor is directed away from the hot zone and into the cooler plasma afterglow where it oxidizes, cools and condenses to form solid metal oxide nanoparticles.

  13. High ethanol producing derivatives of Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ljungdahl, Lars G. (Athens, GA); Carriera, Laura H. (Athens, GA)

    1983-01-01

    Derivatives of the newly discovered microorganism Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus which under anaerobic and thermophilic conditions continuously ferment substrates such as starch, cellobiose, glucose, xylose and other sugars to produce recoverable amounts of ethanol solving the problem of fermentations yielding low concentrations of ethanol using the parent strain of the microorganism Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus are disclosed. These new derivatives are ethanol tolerant up to 10% (v/v) ethanol during fermentation. The process includes the use of an aqueous fermentation medium, containing the substrate at a substrate concentration greater than 1% (w/v).

  14. High ethanol producing derivatives of Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ljungdahl, L.G.; Carriera, L.H.

    1983-05-24

    Derivatives of the newly discovered microorganism Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus which under anaerobic and thermophilic conditions continuously ferment substrates such as starch, cellobiose, glucose, xylose and other sugars to produce recoverable amounts of ethanol solving the problem of fermentations yielding low concentrations of ethanol using the parent strain of the microorganism Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus are disclosed. These new derivatives are ethanol tolerant up to 10% (v/v) ethanol during fermentation. The process includes the use of an aqueous fermentation medium, containing the substrate at a substrate concentration greater than 1% (w/v).

  15. Cathode for aluminum producing electrolytic cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brown, Craig W.

    2004-04-13

    A method of producing aluminum in an electrolytic cell comprising the steps of providing an anode in a cell, preferably a non-reactive anode, and also providing a cathode in the cell, the cathode comprised of a base material having low electrical conductivity reactive with molten aluminum to provide a highly electrically conductive layer on the base material. Electric current is passed from the anode to the cathode and alumina is reduced and aluminum is deposited at the cathode. The cathode base material is selected from boron carbide, and zirconium oxide.

  16. Apparatus for producing voltage and current pulses

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kirbie, Hugh (Los Alamos, NM); Dale, Gregory E. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2010-12-21

    An apparatus having one or more modular stages for producing voltage and current pulses. Each module includes a diode charging means to charge a capacitive means that stores energy. One or more charging impedance means are connected to the diode charging means to provide a return current pathway. A solid-state switch discharge means, with current interruption capability, is connected to the capacitive means to discharge stored energy. Finally, a control means is provided to command the switching action of the solid-state switch discharge means.

  17. Performance profiles of major energy producers 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-02-01

    Performance Profiles of Major Energy Producers 1994 is the eighteenth annual report of the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) Financial Reporting System (FRS). The report examines financial and operating developments in energy markets, with particular reference to the 24 major U.S. energy companies required to report annually on Form EIA-28. Financial information is reported by major lines of business, including oil and gas production, petroleum refining and marketing, other energy operations, and nonenergy businesses. Financial and operating results are presented in the context of energy market developments with a view toward identifying changing corporate strategies and measuring the performance of ongoing operations both in the United States and abroad.

  18. Method of producing particulate-reinforced composites and composites produced thereby

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Han, Qingyou; Liu, Zhiwei

    2013-12-24

    A process for producing particle-reinforced composite materials through utilization of an in situ reaction to produce a uniform dispersion of a fine particulate reinforcement phase. The process includes forming a melt of a first material, and then introducing particles of a second material into the melt and subjecting the melt to high-intensity acoustic vibration. A chemical reaction initiates between the first and second materials to produce reaction products in the melt. The reaction products comprise a solid particulate phase, and the high-intensity acoustic vibration fragments and/or separates the reaction products into solid particles that are dispersed in the melt and are smaller than the particles of the second material. Also encompassed are particle-reinforced composite materials produced by such a process.

  19. Method of producing particulate-reinforced composites and composties produced thereby

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Han, Qingyou; Liu, Zhiwei

    2013-12-24

    A process for producing particle-reinforced composite materials through utilization of an in situ reaction to produce a uniform dispersion of a fine particulate reinforcement phase. The process includes forming a melt of a first material, and then introducing particles of a second material into the melt and subjecting the melt to high-intenisty acoustic vibration. A chemical reaction initiates between the first and second materials to produce reaction products in the melt. The reaciton products comprise a solide particulate phase, and the high-intensity acoustic vibration fragments and/or separates the reaction products into solid particles that are dispersed in the melt and are smaller than the particles of the second material. Also encompassed are particles-reinforced composite materials produced by such a process.

  20. Method of producing particulate-reinforced composites and composites produced thereby

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Han, Qingyou; Liu, Zhiwei

    2015-12-29

    A process for producing particle-reinforced composite materials through utilization of an in situ reaction to produce a uniform dispersion of a fine particulate reinforcement phase. The process includes forming a melt of a first material, and then introducing particles of a second material into the melt and subjecting the melt to high-intensity acoustic vibration. A chemical reaction initiates between the first and second materials to produce reaction products in the melt. The reaction products comprise a solid particulate phase, and the high-intensity acoustic vibration fragments and/or separates the reaction products into solid particles that are dispersed in the melt and are smaller than the particles of the second material. Also encompassed are particle-reinforced composite materials produced by such a process.

  1. Very Big Accelerators as Energy Producers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, R R

    2010-01-01

    One consequence of the application of superconductivity to accelerator construction is that the power consumption of accelerators will become much smaller. This raises the old possibility of using high energy protons to make neutrons which are then absorbed by fertile uranium or thorium to make a fissionable material like plutonium that can be burned in a nuclear reactor. The Energy Doubler/Saver being constructed at Fermilab is to be a superconducting accelerator that will produce 1000 GeV protons. The expected intensity of about $10^{12}$ protons per second corresponds to a beam power of about 0.2 MW. The total power requirements of the Doubler will be about 20 MW of which the injector complex will use approximately 13 MW, and the refrigeration of the superconducting magnets will use about 7 MW. Thus the beam power as projected is only a few orders of magnitude less than the accelerator power. But each 1000 GeV proton will produce about 60,000 neutrons in each nuclear cascade shower that is releaseq in a bl...

  2. Trip Report-Produced-Water Field Testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, Enid J.

    2012-05-25

    Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) conducted field testing of a produced-water pretreatment apparatus with assistance from faculty at the Texas A&M University (TAMU) protein separation sciences laboratory located on the TAMU main campus. The following report details all of the logistics surrounding the testing. The purpose of the test was to use a new, commercially-available filter media housing containing modified zeolite (surfactant-modified zeolite or SMZ) porous medium for use in pretreatment of oil and gas produced water (PW) and frac-flowback waters. The SMZ was tested previously in October, 2010 in a lab-constructed configuration ('old multicolumn system'), and performed well for removal of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) from PW. However, a less-expensive, modular configuration is needed for field use. A modular system will allow the field operator to add or subtract SMZ filters as needed to accommodate site specific conditions, and to swap out used filters easily in a multi-unit system. This test demonstrated the use of a commercial filter housing with a simple flow modification and packed with SMZ for removing BTEX from a PW source in College Station, Texas. The system will be tested in June 2012 at a field site in Pennsylvania for treating frac-flowback waters. The goals of this test are: (1) to determine sorption efficiency of BTEX in the new configuration; and (2) to observe the range of flow rates, backpressures, and total volume treated at a given flow rate.

  3. Intense ultraviolet perturbations on aquatic primary producers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guimarais, Mayrene; Horvath, Jorge

    2010-01-01

    During the last decade, the hypothesis that one or more biodiversity drops in the Phanerozoic eon, evident in the geological record, might have been caused by the most powerful kind of stellar explosion so far known (Gamma Ray Bursts) has been discussed in several works. These stellar explosions could have left an imprint in the biological evolution on Earth and in other habitable planets. In this work we calculate the short-term lethality that a GRB would produce in the aquatic primary producers on Earth. This effect on life appears as a result of ultraviolet (UV) re-transmission in the atmosphere of a fraction of the gamma energy, resulting in an intense UV flash capable of penetrating ~ tens of meters in the water column in the ocean. We focus on the action of the UV flash on phytoplankton, as they are the main contributors to global aquatic primary productivity. Our results suggest that the UV flash could cause an hemispheric reduction of phytoplankton biomass in the upper mixed layer of the World Ocean o...

  4. Methods for producing nanoparticles using palladium salt and uses thereof

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chan, Siu-Wai; Liang, Hongying

    2015-12-01

    The disclosed subject matter is directed to a method for producing nanoparticles, as well as the nanoparticles produced by this method. In one embodiment, the nanoparticles produced by the disclosed method have a high defect density.

  5. From Investor-owned Utility to Independent Power Producer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishii, Jun

    2003-01-01

    Utility To Independent Power Producer Jun Ishii NovemberU t i l i t y to Independent Power Producer J u n Ishiii o n decision of independent power producers (IPPs) i n the

  6. Negotiating Worlds, Managing Subjectivities, and Redefining Selves: The Lived Experiences of African American Undergraduate Females at Predominately White Institutions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Ayana Ma-El

    2011-02-22

    A narrative analysis of the lived experiences of seven undergraduate African American females at Predominately White Institutions (PWIs) is presented in this study. The purpose of the study was to explore the ways the ...

  7. Enrichment Comparison Of African Painted Dogs (Lycaon pictus) Housed In U.S. AZA-Accredited Institutions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cloutier, Tammy L.

    2013-12-16

    . African Wild Dogs (Lycaon pictus, also known as Painted Dogs) are social carnivores that have complex pack dynamics (this includes degree of relatedness, pack size, etc.) and large home ranges. As there are relatively few studies on Painted Dog enrichment...

  8. The effects of neighborhood environments on the level of physical activity among older african american women in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shin, Woo Hwa

    2009-05-15

    The older African American women living Texas fall into one of the most inactive population segments. Recently, the importance of socio-ecological models on human health behavior and more complex associations between ...

  9. Our Relationship, My Academia: Historical and Hegemonic Implications Imbuing Academically Successful African American Women from Single-mothered Families 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Johnitha Watkins

    2013-12-04

    nurturing Mother- biological female parent who concurrently assumes maternal nurturing Negro- a late 19th century term used to define U. S. born Americans of African descent; also used as a term of reproach given its association with racial epithets...

  10. Impact of Potential Large-Scale Irrigation on the West African Monsoon and Its Dependence on Location of Irrigated Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Im, Eun-Soon

    This study investigates the impact of potential large-scale irrigation on the West African monsoon using the Massachusetts Institute of Technology regional climate model (MRCM). A new irrigation module is implemented to ...

  11. African American Urban Female Students' Perceptions of Social Factors Impacting Their Academic Achievement in One Public School District 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shelby-King, Rhonda Evette

    2011-08-08

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of social factors affecting the academic achievement of secondary African American urban (AAU) female students in an urban school district. This study determined ...

  12. Interactions Amongst the Community of Endemic Pathogens of African Cattle: A Longitudinal Study in South East Uganda 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tosas Auguet, Olga

    The work presented in this thesis is focused upon the community of endemic pathogens of African cattle in Sub-Saharan Africa, which has long constrained livestock production in these areas. The first aim of this work is ...

  13. An Examination of Household Environmental Influences on Healthy Eating Behaviors among African American Primary Caregivers and Children 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arthur, Tya Michelle

    2012-02-14

    fruits and vegetables, fruit and vegetable selection self-efficacy, and self-efficacy for healthful child feeding). The strongest predictor of fruit and vegetable consumption by African American children was the fruit and vegetable consumption by primary...

  14. African-American food and social relations in Bryan, Texa: a culinary ethnography at the community cafe 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markowitz, Bradford Alan

    2000-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to demonstrate how food mediates social relations at two African-American cafes in Bryan, Texas. To accomplish this goal, this thesis utilizes ethnographic data collected from the methodological perspective of the food...

  15. Fantasies of Maternal Unity in Twentieth- and Twenty-First-Century African Diasporic Women's Fiction and Science Fiction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lillvis, Kristen

    2011-04-20

    This dissertation explores the power children realize in the past, present, and future from their real or imagined connections to their absent mothers in twentieth- and twenty-first-century African diasporic women's fiction, ...

  16. Rocky Mountain Basins Produced Water Database

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Historical records for produced water data were collected from multiple sources, including Amoco, British Petroleum, Anadarko Petroleum Corporation, United States Geological Survey (USGS), Wyoming Oil and Gas Commission (WOGC), Denver Earth Resources Library (DERL), Bill Barrett Corporation, Stone Energy, and other operators. In addition, 86 new samples were collected during the summers of 2003 and 2004 from the following areas: Waltman-Cave Gulch, Pinedale, Tablerock and Wild Rose. Samples were tested for standard seven component "Stiff analyses", and strontium and oxygen isotopes. 16,035 analyses were winnowed to 8028 unique records for 3276 wells after a data screening process was completed. [Copied from the Readme document in the zipped file available at http://www.netl.doe.gov/technologies/oil-gas/Software/database.html] Save the Zipped file to your PC. When opened, it will contain four versions of the database: ACCESS, EXCEL, DBF, and CSV formats. The information consists of detailed water analyses from basins in the Rocky Mountain region.

  17. Performance profiles of major energy producers 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-13

    Performance Profiles of Major Energy Producers 1992 is the sixteenth annual report of the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) Financial Reporting System (FRS). The report examines financial and operating developments, with particular reference to the 25 major energy companies (the FRS companies) required to report annually on Form EIA-28. Financial information is reported by major lines of business, including oil and gas production, petroleum refining and marketing, and other energy operations. Domestic and international operations are examined separately in this report. The data are presented in the context of key energy market developments with a view toward identifying changing strategies of corporate development and measuring the apparent success of current ongoing operations.

  18. Process for producing dispersed particulate composite materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Henager, Jr., Charles H. (Richland, WA); Hirth, John P. (Viola, ID)

    1995-01-01

    This invention is directed to a process for forming noninterwoven dispersed particulate composite products. In one case a composite multi-layer film product comprises a substantially noninterwoven multi-layer film having a plurality of discrete layers. This noninterwoven film comprises at least one discrete layer of a first material and at least one discrete layer of a second material. In another case the first and second materials are blended together with each other. In either case, the first material comprises a metalloid and the second material a metal compound. At least one component of a first material in one discrete layer undergoes a solid state displacement reaction with at least one component of a second material thereby producing the requisite noninterwoven composite film product. Preferably, the first material comprises silicon, the second material comprises Mo.sub.2 C, the third material comprises SiC and the fourth material comprises MoSi.sub.2.

  19. System and method for producing metallic iron

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bleifuss, Rodney L; Englund, David J; Iwasaki, Iwao; Fosnacht, Donald R; Brandon, Mark M; True, Bradford G

    2013-09-17

    A hearth furnace for producing metallic iron material has a furnace housing having a drying/preheat zone, a conversion zone, a fusion zone, and optionally a cooling zone, the conversion zone is between the drying/preheat zone and the fusion zone. A moving hearth is positioned within the furnace housing. A hood or separation barrier within at least a portion of the conversion zone, fusion zone or both separates the fusion zone into an upper region and a lower region with the lower region adjacent the hearth and the upper region adjacent the lower region and spaced from the hearth. An injector introduces a gaseous reductant into the lower region adjacent the hearth. A combustion region may be formed above the hood or separation barrier.

  20. Performance profiles of major energy producers 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-01-01

    Performance Profiles of Major Energy Producers 1993 is the seventeenth annual report of the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) Financial Reporting System (FRS). The report examines financial and operating developments in energy markets, with particular reference to the 25 major US energy companies required to report annually on Form EIA-28. Financial information is reported by major liens of business, including oil and gas production, petroleum refining and marketing, other energy operations, and nonenergy businesses. Financial and operating results are presented in the context of energy market developments with a view toward identifying changing corporate strategies and measuring the performance of ongoing operations both in the US and abroad. This year`s report analyzes financial and operating developments for 1993 (Part 1: Developments in 1993) and also reviews key developments during the 20 years following the Arab Oil Embargo of 1973--1974 (Part 2: Major Energy Company Strategies Since the Arab Oil Embargo). 49 figs., 104 tabs.

  1. Performance profiles of major energy producers 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-01-01

    This publication examines developments in the operations of the major US e energy-producing companies on a corporate level, by major line of business, by major function within each line of business, and by geographic area. In 1996, 24 companies filed Form EIA-28. The analysis and data presented in this report represents the operations of the Financial Reporting System companies in the context of their worldwide operations and in the context of the major energy markets which they serve. Both energy and nonenergy developments of these companies are analyzed. Although the focus is on developments in 1996, important trends prior to that time are also featured. Sections address energy markets in 1996; key financial developments; oil and gas exploration, development, and production; downstream petroleum in 1996; coal and alternative energy; and foreign direct investment in US energy. 30 figs., 104 tabs.

  2. Producing usable fuel from municipal solid waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ohlsson, O.O.

    1995-03-01

    Refuse disposal is a matter of increasing concern for municipalities and state governments. As existing land-fills become filled to capacity, and new landfills become more costly to site, it has become critical to develop alternative disposal methods. Some of the refuse that is presently being landfilled has the potential to provide considerable quantities of energy and thereby replace conventional fossil fuels. Another environmental concern is the problem of the emissions associated with combustion of traditional fossil fuels. The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 significantly restrict the level of sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) and nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) emissions permissible as effluent from combustion facilities. To address both of these concerns, Argonne National Laboratory, under sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), has developed a means of producing fuel from municipal solid waste that can be co-fired with coal to supplement coal supplies and reduce problematic emissions.

  3. Automated apparatus for producing gradient gels

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, N.L.

    1983-11-10

    Apparatus for producing a gradient gel which serves as a standard medium for a two-dimensional analysis of proteins, the gel having a density gradient along its height formed by a variation in gel composition, with the apparatus including first and second pumping means each including a plurality of pumps on a common shaft and driven by a stepping motor capable of providing small incremental changes in pump outputs for the gel ingredients, the motors being controlled, by digital signals from a digital computer, a hollow form or cassette for receiving the gel composition, means for transferring the gel composition including a filler tube extending near the bottom of the cassette, adjustable horizontal and vertical arms for automatically removing and relocating the filler tube in the next cassette, and a digital computer programmed to automatically control the stepping motors, arm movements, and associated sensing operations involving the filling operation.

  4. System and method for producing metallic iron

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bleifuss, Rodney L. (Grand Rapids, MN); Englund, David J. (Bovey, MN); Iwasaki, Iwao (Grand Rapids, MN); Fosnacht, Donald R. (Hermantown, MN); Brandon, Mark M. (Charlotte, NC); True, Bradford G. (Charlotte, NC)

    2012-01-17

    A hearth furnace 10 for producing metallic iron material has a furnace housing 11 having a drying/preheat zone 12, a conversion zone 13, a fusion zone 14, and optionally a cooling zone 15, the conversion zone 13 is between the drying/preheat zone 12 and the fusion zone 14. A moving hearth 20 is positioned within the furnace housing 11. A hood or separation barrier 30 within at least a portion of the conversion zone 13, fusion zone 14 or both separates the fusion zone 14 into an upper region and a lower region with the lower region adjacent the hearth 20 and the upper region adjacent the lower region and spaced from the hearth 20. An injector introduces a gaseous reductant into the lower region adjacent the hearth 20. A combustion region may be formed above the hood or separation barrier.

  5. Broadband microwave burst produced by electron beams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. T. Altyntsev; G. D. Fleishman; G. -L. Huang; V. F. Melnikov

    2007-12-16

    Theoretical and experimental study of fast electron beams attracts a lot of attention in the astrophysics and laboratory. In the case of solar flares the problem of reliable beam detection and diagnostics is of exceptional importance. This paper explores the fact that the electron beams moving oblique to the magnetic field or along the field with some angular scatter around the beam propagation direction can generate microwave continuum bursts via gyrosynchrotron mechanism. The characteristics of the microwave bursts produced by beams differ from those in case of isotropic or loss-cone distributions, which suggests a new tool for quantitative diagnostics of the beams in the solar corona. To demonstrate the potentiality of this tool, we analyze here a radio burst occurred during an impulsive flare 1B/M6.7 on 10 March 2001 (AR 9368, N27W42). Based on detailed analysis of the spectral, temporal, and spatial relationships, we obtained firm evidence that the microwave continuum burst is produced by electron beams. For the first time we developed and applied a new forward fitting algorithm based on exact gyrosynchrotron formulae and employing both the total power and polarization measurements to solve the inverse problem of the beam diagnostics. We found that the burst is generated by a oblique beam in a region of reasonably strong magnetic field ($\\sim 200-300$ G) and the burst is observed at a quasi-transverse viewing angle. We found that the life time of the emitting electrons in the radio source is relatively short, $\\tau_l \\approx 0.5$ s, consistent with a single reflection of the electrons from a magnetic mirror at the foot point with the stronger magnetic field. We discuss the implications of these findings for the electron acceleration in flares and for beam diagnostics.

  6. City in Colorado Fueling Vehicles with Gas Produced from Wastewater...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    City in Colorado Fueling Vehicles with Gas Produced from Wastewater Treatment Facility City in Colorado Fueling Vehicles with Gas Produced from Wastewater Treatment Facility April...

  7. Spectral optical properties of selected photosynthetic microalgae producing biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Euntaek; Heng, Ri-Liang; Pilon, Laurent

    2013-01-01

    Microalgae Producing Biofuels Euntaek Lee, Ri-Liang Heng,Microalgae Producing Biofuels”, Journal of Quantitativeconverted into liquid biofuels [50–53]. On the other hand,

  8. Adapting On-Site Electrical Generation Platforms for Producer...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Adapting On-Site Electrical Generation Platforms for Producer Gas - Fact Sheet, April 2014 Adapting On-Site Electrical Generation Platforms for Producer Gas - Fact Sheet, April...

  9. Particulate Produced from Advanced Combustion Operation in a...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Produced from Advanced Combustion Operation in a Compression Ignition Engine Particulate Produced from Advanced Combustion Operation in a Compression Ignition Engine Determine...

  10. Isotope production facility produces cancer-fighting actinium

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cancer therapy gets a boost from new isotope Isotope production facility produces cancer-fighting actinium A new medical isotope project shows promise for rapidly producing major...

  11. Spotlight on Austin, Texas: Best Offer Ever Produces Upgrades...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Upgrades in Record Time Spotlight on Austin, Texas: Best Offer Ever Produces Upgrades in Record Time Spotlight on Austin, Texas: Best Offer Ever Produces Upgrades in Record Time,...

  12. Methods for Post Irradiation Examination of Tritium Producing...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Methods for Post Irradiation Examination of Tritium Producing Burnable Absorber Rods Methods for Post Irradiation Examination of Tritium Producing Burnable Absorber Rods...

  13. Methods for producing and using densified biomass products containing...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    producing and using densified biomass products containing pretreated biomass fibers Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Methods for producing and using densified biomass...

  14. Current Challenges in Commercially Producing Biofuels from Lignocellul...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Current Challenges in Commercially Producing Biofuels from Lignocellulosic Biomass Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Current Challenges in Commercially Producing Biofuels...

  15. The Puzzle of Discipline: An Examination of African American Disproportionality in School Discipline and Student Performance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, Bettie Ray

    2012-07-16

    Lewis; Carolyn and Tommie Lohman; Dr. Paula McClain; Dr. Brian McKenzie; Dr. Kenneth Meier; Dr. Erin Melton; LaJune Minor; Dr. vii vi i Samuel Moseley; Pastor Marie Nutall; Dr. Mitchell Rice; LaToya Robinson; Dr. James Steele; Minnie and Felix...-2006 .................................................................................................. 110 B9 Correlation Results: Reading Proficiency and African American Males, 2005-2006 .................................................................................................. 111 B10 Correlation Results: Math Proficiency...

  16. Case Study of Rural High School Math Teachers of African American Students 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Marcus Gee

    2014-05-03

    despite decades of reform efforts (Darling- Hammond, 2010; Ladson-Billings, 2006). According to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), in 2011, African American students scored 31 points less than their European American counterparts... examination. Moreover, the 31-point gap is exacerbated by the fact teachers are not taught these culturally responsive strategies in teacher preparation programs (Bondy et al, 2007; Gay & Kirkland, 2003; Ladson- Billings, 1997). During this study, I...

  17. Sorting of Coffee Beans for 'Potato Defect' in East African Countries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waikar, Shraddha Prakash

    2012-07-16

    of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Co-Chairs of Committee, Gholamreza Langari William Payne Committee Members, Gyula Vigh Arun Srinivasa Head of Department, Dennis O?neal MAY 2011 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering iii ABSTRACT Sorting of Co ee... Beans for ?Potato Defect? in East African Countries. (May 2011) Shraddha Prakash Waikar, B.E., Vishwakarma Institute Of Technology Co{Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. Gholamreza Langari Dr. William Payne Since ancient times, co ee has been a savory...

  18. Slave Prices, the African Slave Trade, and Productivity in Eighteenth-Century South Carolina: A Reply

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mancall, Peter C.; Rosenbloom, Joshua L.; Weiss, Thomas

    2006-01-01

    /plain; charset=UTF-8 1066 Slave Prices, the African Slave Trade, and Productivity in Eighteenth-Century South Carolina: A Reply ?? PETERC. MANCALL, JOSHUA L. ROSENBLOOM, ANDTHOMAS WEISS The comment by David Eltis, Frank Lewis, and David Richardson... brings to the fore issues about productivity growth in slave-based economies, and about broader inter- pretations of those societies and their successor economies. Their assessment confirms that prices derived from probate inventories behaved like those...

  19. Alloy and method of producing the same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hufnagel, Todd C.; Ott, Ryan T.; Fan, Cang; Kecskes, Laszlo

    2005-07-19

    In accordance with a preferred embodiment of the invention, an alloy or other composite material is provided formed of a bulk metallic glass matrix with a microstructure of crystalline metal particles. The alloy preferably has a composition of (X.sub.a Ni.sub.b Cu.sub.c).sub.100-d-c Y.sub.d Al.sub.c, wherein the sum of a, b and c equals 100, wherein 40.ltoreq.a.ltoreq.80, 0.ltoreq.b.ltoreq.35, 0.ltoreq.c.ltoreq.40, 4.ltoreq.d.ltoreq.30, and 0.ltoreq.e.ltoreq.20, and wherein preferably X is composed of an early transition metal and preferably Y is composed of a refractory body-centered cubic early transition metal. A preferred embodiment of the invention also provides a method of producing an alloy composed of two or more phases at ambient temperature. The method includes the steps of providing a metastable crystalline phase composed of at least two elements, heating the metastable crystalline phase together with at least one additional element to form a liquid, casting the liquid, and cooling the liquid to form the alloy. In accordance with a preferred embodiment of the invention, the composition and cooling rate of the liquid can be controlled to determine the volume fraction of the crystalline phase and determine the size of the crystalline particles, respectively.

  20. Performance profiles of major energy producers, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1999-01-01

    The energy industry generally and petroleum and natural gas operations in particular are frequently reacting to a variety of unsettling forces. Falling oil prices, economic upswings, currency devaluations, increasingly rigorous environmental quality standards, deregulation of electricity markets, and continued advances in exploration and production technology were among the challenges and opportunities to the industry in 1997. To analyze the extent to which these and other developments have affected energy industry financial and operating performance, strategies, and industry structure, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) maintains the Financial Reporting Systems (FRS). Through Form EIA-28, major US energy companies annually report to the FRS. Financial and operating information is reported by major lines of business, including oil and gas production (upstream), petroleum refining and marketing (downstream), other energy operations, and nonenergy business. Performance Profiles of Major Producers 1997 examines the interplays of energy markets, companies` strategies, and government policies (in 1997 and in historical context) that gave rise to the results given here. The report also analyzes other key aspects of energy company financial performance as seen through the multifaceted lens provided by the FRS data and complementary data for industry overall. 41 figs., 77 tabs.

  1. Process for producing large grain cadmium telluride

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hasoon, F.S.; Nelson, A.J.

    1996-01-16

    A process is described for producing a cadmium telluride polycrystalline film having grain sizes greater than about 20 {micro}m. The process comprises providing a substrate upon which cadmium telluride can be deposited and placing that substrate within a vacuum chamber containing a cadmium telluride effusion cell. A polycrystalline film is then deposited on the substrate through the steps of evacuating the vacuum chamber to a pressure of at least 10{sup {minus}6} torr.; heating the effusion cell to a temperature whereat the cell releases stoichiometric amounts of cadmium telluride usable as a molecular beam source for growth of grains on the substrate; heating the substrate to a temperature whereat a stoichiometric film of cadmium telluride can be deposited; and releasing cadmium telluride from the effusion cell for deposition as a film on the substrate. The substrate then is placed in a furnace having an inert gas atmosphere and heated for a sufficient period of time at an annealing temperature whereat cadmium telluride grains on the substrate grow to sizes greater than about 20 {micro}m.

  2. Management of produced water in oil and gas operations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, Chirag V.

    2005-02-17

    Produced water handling has been an issue of concern for oil and gas producers as it is one of the major factors that cause abandonment of the producing well. The development of effective produced water management strategies poses a big challenge...

  3. Digital Divide in Sub-Saharan African Universities: Recommendations and Monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barry, Boubakar; Chukwuma, Victor; Petitdidier, Monique; Cottrell, Les; Bartons, Charles; /Australian Natl. U., RSES

    2009-12-17

    The Digital Divide prevents Africa from taking advantages of new information technologies. One of the most urgent priorities is to bring the Internet in African Universities, Research, and Learning Centers to the level of other regions of the world. eGY-Africa, and the Sharing Knowledge Foundation are two bottom-up initiatives by scientists to secure better cyber-infrastructure and Internet facilities in Africa. Recommendations by the present scientific communities are being formulated at national, regional and international levels. The Internet capabilities are well documented at country level overall, but this is not the case at the University level. The snapshot of the Internet status in universities in 17 African countries, obtained by a questionnaire survey, is consistent with measures of Internet penetration in the corresponding country. The monitoring of Internet performance has been proposed to those African universities to provide an information base for arguing the need to improve the coverage for Africa. A pilot program is recommended that will start scientific collaboration with Europe in western Africa using ICT. The program will lay the foundations for the arrival of new technologies like Grids.

  4. Outside relationality : autobiographical deformations and the literary lineage of Afro-pessimism in 20th and 21st century African American literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pak, Yumi

    2012-01-01

    African American Autobiography: A Collection of CriticalStephen. Black Autobiography in America. Amherst: UniversityAutobiographer. ” Studies in Autobiography. Ed. James Olney.

  5. NM WAIDS: A PRODUCED WATER QUALITY AND INFRASTRUCTURE GIS DATABASE FOR NEW MEXICO OIL PRODUCERS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martha Cather; Robert Lee; Ibrahim Gundiler; Andrew Sung

    2003-09-24

    The New Mexico Water and Infrastructure Data System (NM WAIDS) seeks to alleviate a number of produced water-related issues in southeast New Mexico. The project calls for the design and implementation of a Geographical Information System (GIS) and integral tools that will provide operators and regulators with necessary data and useful information to help them make management and regulatory decisions. The major components of this system are: (1) Databases on produced water quality, cultural and groundwater data, oil pipeline and infrastructure data, and corrosion information. (2) A web site capable of displaying produced water and infrastructure data in a GIS or accessing some of the data by text-based queries. (3) A fuzzy logic-based, site risk assessment tool that can be used to assess the seriousness of a spill of produced water. (4) A corrosion management toolkit that will provide operators with data and information on produced waters that will aid them in deciding how to address corrosion issues. The various parts of NM WAIDS will be integrated into a website with a user-friendly interface that will provide access to previously difficult-to-obtain data and information. Primary attention during the first six months of this project was focused on creating the water quality databases for produced water and surface water, along with collecting of corrosion information and building parts of the corrosion toolkit. Work on the project to date includes: (1) Creation of a water quality database for produced water analyses. The database was compiled from a variety of sources and currently has over 7000 entries for New Mexico. (2) Creation of a web-based data entry system for the water quality database. This system allows a user to view, enter, or edit data from a web page rather than having to directly access the database. (3) Creation of a semi-automated data capturing system for use with standard water quality analysis forms. This system improves the accuracy and speed of water quality data entry. (4) Acquisition of ground water data from the New Mexico State Engineer's office, including chloride content and TDS (Total Dissolved Solids) for over 30,000 data points in southeast New Mexico. (5) Creation of a web-based scale prediction tool, again with a web-based interface, that uses two common scaling indices to predict the likelihood of scaling. This prediction tool can either run from user input data, or the user can select samples from the water analysis database. (6) Creation of depth-to-groundwater maps for the study area. (7) Analysis of water quality data by formation. (8) Continuation of efforts to collect produced water quality information from operators in the southeast New Mexico area. (9) Qualitative assessment of produced water from various formations regarding corrosivity. (10) Efforts at corrosion education in the region through operator visits. Future work on this project will include: (1) Development of an integrated web and GIS interface for all the information collected in this effort. (2) Continued development of a fuzzy logic spill risk assessment tool that was initially developed prior to this project. Improvements will include addition of parameters found to be significant in determining the impact of a brine spill at a specific site. (3) Compilation of both hard copy and online corrosion toolkit material.

  6. Methods for producing partially digested restriction DNA fragments and for producing a partially modified PCR product

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wong, Kwong-Kwok (Richland, WA)

    2000-01-01

    The present invention is an improved method of making a partially modified PCR product from a DNA fragment with a polymerase chain reaction (PCR). In a standard PCR process, the DNA fragment is combined with starting deoxynucleoside triphosphates, a primer, a buffer and a DNA polymerase in a PCR mixture. The PCR mixture is then reacted in the PCR producing copies of the DNA fragment. The improvement of the present invention is adding an amount of a modifier at any step prior to completion of the PCR process thereby randomly and partially modifying the copies of the DNA fragment as a partially modified PCR product. The partially modified PCR product may then be digested with an enzyme that cuts the partially modified PCR product at unmodified sites thereby producing an array of DNA restriction fragments.

  7. Measurement of the relative fraction of ttbar events produced...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    produced via gluon fusion in ppbar collision at s**(12) 1.96 TeV at CDF In this thesis we present a measurement of the relative fraction of tbar t events produced via...

  8. Energy Department Selects Five Projects in First Step to Produce...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Selects Five Projects in First Step to Produce Fresh Water from CO2 Storage Sites Energy Department Selects Five Projects in First Step to Produce Fresh Water from CO2 Storage...

  9. Influences of climate on aflatoxin producing fungi and aflatoxin contamination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cotty, Peter J.

    Influences of climate on aflatoxin producing fungi and aflatoxin contamination Peter J. Cotty a human exposure, crop contamination with aflatoxins causes significant economic loss for producers, marketers, and processors of diverse susceptible crops. Aflatoxin contamination occurs when specific fungi

  10. Physical and Hydrodynamic Properties of Flocs Produced During Biological

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Physical and Hydrodynamic Properties of Flocs Produced During Biological Hydrogen Production Jian in continuous culture bioreactors used for hydrogen production, but the fractal and hydrodynamic properties imperme- able flocs are produced in biohydrogen reactors that have settling properties in reasonable

  11. Factors Affecting Cotton Producers' Choice of Marketing Outlet 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pace, Jason 1979-

    2012-08-16

    In recent years, changes in government policies, supply and demand fundamentals and price patterns in the cotton market have led to several shifts in how producers market their cotton. This thesis examined producer cash marketing choices, including...

  12. Reaction of Aluminum with Water to Produce Hydrogen: A Study...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Produce Hydrogen: A Study of Issues Related to the Use of Aluminum for On-Board Vehicular Hydrogen Storage. Version 2, 2010. Reaction of Aluminum with Water to Produce Hydrogen: A...

  13. ANALYSIS OF METHANE PRODUCING COMMUNITIES WITHIN UNDERGROUND COAL BEDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    ANALYSIS OF METHANE PRODUCING COMMUNITIES WITHIN UNDERGROUND COAL BEDS by Elliott Paul Barnhart.........................................................................................8 Coal and Metabolite Enrichment Studies ..................................................................................14 Ability of the Consortium to Produce Methane from Coal and Metabolites ................16

  14. Multi-echelon inventory optimization for fresh produce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limvorasak, Saran

    2013-01-01

    For fresh produce, the product freshness is a key value to end consumers. Retailers try to maximize product freshness at retail stores while maintaining high product availability. Fresh produce that is close to the end of ...

  15. Ion emission and expansion in laser-produced tin plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burdt, Russell Allen

    2011-01-01

    energy, in which the ablation pressure generated in the laser produced plasma is used to compress fusion reactants to thermonuclear

  16. Method for producing flame retardant porous products and products produced thereby

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Salyer, Ival O. (Dayton, OH)

    1998-08-04

    A method for fire retarding porous products used for thermal energy storage and products produced thereby is provided. The method includes treating the surface of the phase change material-containing porous products with a urea fire-retarding agent. Upon exposure to a flame, the urea forms an adduct with the phase change material which will not sustain combustion (is self-extinguishing) in air. No halogens or metal oxides are contained in the fire retardant, so no potentially noxious halide smoke or fumes are emitted if the product is continuously exposed to a flame.

  17. Method for Producing Flame Retardant Porous Products and Products Produced Thereby

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Salyer, Ival O. (Dayton, OH)

    1998-08-04

    A method for fire retarding porous products used for thermal energy storage and products produced thereby is provided. The method includes treating the surface of the phase change material-containing porous products with a urea fire-retarding agent. Upon exposure to a flame, the urea forms an adduct with the phase change material which will not sustain combustion (is self-extinguishing) in air. No halogens or metal oxides are contained in the fire retardant, so no potentially noxious halide smoke or fumes are emitted if the product is continuously exposed to a flame.

  18. Lift producing device exhibiting low drag and reduced ventilation potential and method for producing the same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Caldwell, Richard A. (115 Wimico Dr., Indian Harbour Beach, FL 32937)

    1991-01-01

    A lift producing device is disclosed which is adapted to be connected to a vehicle to provide lift to the vehicle when the vehicle is moved relative to a first fluid medium having a first density and viscosity and being in contact with a second fluid medium adjacent the vehicle. The second fluid medium has a second fluid density which is different from the first fluid density. The lift producing device comprises opposed first and second major surfaces joined at a longitudinally extending leading edge and at a longitudinally extending trailing edge, with at least a portion of the longitudinally extending leading edge being spaced from the longitudinally extending trailing edge by a predetermined mean chord length. When the vehicle is moved relative to the first fluid medium at a velocity within a range of predetermined velocities, with each of the velocities having a direction inclined from a plane extending through the leading edge and the trailing edge within a predetermined angular range, a region of high pressure is generated in the first fluid medium adjacent the first major surface and a region of low pressure is generated in the first fluid medium adjacent the second major surface. The lift producing device has a cross-sectional shape which will generate a pressure distribution around the device when the vehicle is moved relative to the first fluid medium at a velocity within the range of predetermined velocities such that the first fluid medium exhibits attached laminar flow along the device for a portion of the predetermined mean chord length from the leading edge to the trailing edge and will neither form a laminar separation bubble adjacent the second major surface of the device, nor exhibit turbulent separation adjacent the second major surface for substantially all of the predetermined mean chord length from the leading edge to the trailing edge. The portion along which attached laminar flow is maintained is the longest portion which will still fulfill the flow separation requirements. A method for producing the foil is also disclosed.

  19. Method for producing flame retardant porous products and products produced thereby

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Salyer, I.O.

    1998-08-04

    A method for fire retarding porous products used for thermal energy storage and products produced thereby is provided. The method includes treating the surface of the phase change material-containing porous products with a urea fire-retarding agent. Upon exposure to a flame, the urea forms an adduct with the phase change material which will not sustain combustion (is self-extinguishing) in air. No halogens or metal oxides are contained in the fire retardant, so no potentially noxious halide smoke or fumes are emitted if the product is continuously exposed to a flame. 1 fig.

  20. Thermochemical method for producing hydrogen from hydrogen sulfide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Herrington, D.R.

    1984-02-21

    Hydrogen is produced from hydrogen sulfide by a 3-step, thermochemical process comprising: (a) contacting hydrogen sulfide with carbon dioxide to form carbonyl sulfide and water, (b) contacting the carbonyl sulfide produced in (a) with oxygen to form carbon monoxide and sulfur dioxide, and (c) contacting the carbon monoxide produced in (b) with water to form carbon dioxide and hydrogen.

  1. Neutron producing target for accelerator based neutron source for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taskaev, Sergey Yur'evich

    247 Neutron producing target for accelerator based neutron source for NCT V. Belov1 , S. Fadeev1, Russia Summary Neutron producing targets for novel accelerator based neutron source [1, 2] are presented Neutron producing target is one of the main elements of proposed accelerator based facility for neutron

  2. Modified Fresnel zone plates that produce sharp Gaussian focal spots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jahns, Jürgen

    Modified Fresnel zone plates that produce sharp Gaussian focal spots Qing Cao and Ju¨rgen Jahns Fresnel zone plate that can produce an approximate Gaussian focal spot is proposed for the focusing of 7.7 nm can be produced by a modified Fresnel zone plate with a minimum structure size of 30 nm

  3. Anniversary Conference of the Southern African Society for Biosystematic SASSB conference at Illovo Beach, KwaZulu-Natal, 21-25th July 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    10th Anniversary Conference of the Southern African Society for Biosystematic Biology SASSB conference at Illovo Beach, KwaZulu-Natal, 21-25th July 2009 Prepared by Francois Boshoff In July, the 18-monthly Conference of the South African Society for Systematic Biologists (SASSB), hosted by the School

  4. West African Clean Energy Gateway-Software Analysis Tools | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThinWarsaw, Poland:EnergyWe EnergyInformation African Clean

  5. Method of producing Pb-stabilized superconductor precursors and method of producing superconductor articles therefrom

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kroeger, Donald M. (Knoxville, TN); Hsu, Huey S. (Knoxville, TN); Brynestad, Jorulf (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1995-01-01

    Metal oxide superconductor powder precursors are prepared in an aerosol pyrolysis process. A solution of the metal cations is introduced into a furnace at 600.degree.-1000.degree. C. for 0.1 to 60 seconds. The process produces micron to submicron size powders without the usual loss of the lead stabilizer. The resulting powders have a narrow particle size distribution, a small grain size, and are readily converted to a superconducting composition upon subsequent heat treatment. The precursors are placed in a metal body deformed to form a wire or tape and heated to form a superconducting article. The fine powders permit a substantial reduction in heat treatment time, thus enabling a continuous processing of the powders into superconducting wire, tape or multifilamentary articles by the powder-in-tube process.

  6. Method of producing Pb-stabilized superconductor precursors and method of producing superconductor articles therefrom

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kroeger, D.M.; Hsu, H.S.; Brynestad, J.

    1995-03-07

    Metal oxide superconductor powder precursors are prepared in an aerosol pyrolysis process. A solution of the metal cations is introduced into a furnace at 600--1,000 C for 0.1 to 60 seconds. The process produces micron to submicron size powders without the usual loss of the lead stabilizer. The resulting powders have a narrow particle size distribution, a small grain size, and are readily converted to a superconducting composition upon subsequent heat treatment. The precursors are placed in a metal body deformed to form a wire or tape and heated to form a superconducting article. The fine powders permit a substantial reduction in heat treatment time, thus enabling a continuous processing of the powders into superconducting wire, tape or multifilamentary articles by the powder-in-tube process. 3 figs.

  7. Micro helical polymeric structures produced by variable voltage direct electrospinning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. P. Shariatpanahi; A. Iraji zad; I. Abdollahzadeh; R. Shirsavar; D. Bonn; R. Ejtehadi

    2011-09-12

    Direct near field electrospinning is used to produce very long helical polystyrene microfibers in water. The pitch length of helices can be controlled by changing the applied voltage, allowing to produce both micro springs and microchannels. Using a novel high frequency variable voltage electrospinning method we found the helix formation speed and compared the experimental buckling frequency to theoretical expressions for viscous and elastic buckling. Finally we showed that the newmethod can be used to produce new periodic micro and nano structures.

  8. Low-Temperature and Co-Produced Resources Fact Sheet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geothermal Technologies Office, U.S. Department of Energy

    2013-02-01

    This two-page Geothermal Technologies Office fact sheet provides an overview of low-temperature and co-produced resources. It includes technology benefits and project highlights.

  9. Treating and Reusing Produced Water | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    center, the Oil & Gas Technology Center in Oklahoma City, are working to develop new cost-effective and sustainable methods for treating and reusing produced water. This...

  10. ITP Steel: Theoretical Minimum Energies to Produce Steel for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Minimum Energies to Produce Steel for Selected Conditions, March 2000 theoreticalminimumenergies.pdf More Documents & Publications Ironmaking Process Alternatives Screening Study...

  11. Supersonic Heat Wave Propagation in Laser-Produced Underdense...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Supersonic Heat Wave Propagation in Laser-Produced Underdense Plasma for Efficient X-Ray Generation Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Supersonic Heat Wave Propagation in...

  12. Compositions produced using an in situ heat treatment process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Roes, Augustinus Wilhelmus Maria; Nair, Vijay; Munsterman, Erwin Hunh; Van Bergen, Petrus Franciscus; Van Den Berg, Franciscus Gondulfus Antonius

    2013-05-28

    Methods for treating a subsurface formation and compositions produced therefrom are described herein. At least one method for producing hydrocarbons from a subsurface formation includes providing heat to the subsurface formation using an in situ heat treatment process. One or more formation particles may be formed during heating of the subsurface formation. Fluid that includes hydrocarbons and the formation particles may be produced from the subsurface formation. The formation particles in the produced fluid may include cenospheres and have an average particle size of at least 0.5 micrometers.

  13. Scientists propose a solution to a critical barrier to producing...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    will need to produce self-sustaining fusion reactions, or "burning plasmas," to generate electric power. Such machines include proposed successors to ITER, a 20 billion...

  14. Energy Department Announces $12 Million for Technologies to Produce...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    residues and woody biomass. Carbon fiber derived from biomass may be less costly to manufacture and offer greater environmental benefits than traditional carbon fiber produced...

  15. From Producer Innovation to User and Open Collaborative Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldwin, Carliss

    In this paper we assess the economic viability of innovation by producers relative to two increasingly important alternative models: innovations by single user individuals or firms, and

  16. Characterization and Mapping of the Gene Conferring Resistance to Rift Valley Fever Virus Hepatic Disease in WF.LEW Rats 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Callicott, Ralph J.

    2010-01-14

    Rift Valley Fever Virus is a plebovirus that causes epidemics and epizootics in sub-Saharan African countries but has expanded to Egypt and the Arabian Peninsula. The laboratory rat (Rattus norvegicus) is susceptible to ...

  17. Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Flow and ebb of the Afro-Brazilian memoirs in African French-speaking novels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenave, Charles

    Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Title: Flow and ebb of the Afro-Brazilian memoirs in African French and of return connected to the slave trade between Africa and Brazil: Tierno Monénembo with Pelourinho (Paris, in Brazil, eather both. The research will combine, among others, the anthropological and narratological

  18. Rapid upregulation of heart antioxidant enzymes during arousal from estivation in the Giant African snail (Achatina fulica)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tattersall, Glenn

    Rapid upregulation of heart antioxidant enzymes during arousal from estivation in the Giant African by upregulating intracellular antioxidant defenses in the heart, kidney, hepatopancreas and foot tissues increased in heart, hepatopancreas and foot. In heart, a rapid increase in MnSOD protein levels was observed

  19. SCIENCE www.wits.ac.za/science Wits is the only university on the African continent which is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    74 SCIENCE www.wits.ac.za/science #12;75 Wits fact Wits is the only university on the African examinations in the shortest possible time. The Faculty of Science has a long tradition of excellence conservation and use of our natural resources and enjoy problem solving, then the Faculty of Science at Wits

  20. Geochemical evidence for African dust inputs to soils of western Atlantic islands: Barbados, the Bahamas, and Florida

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prospero, Joseph M.

    Geochemical evidence for African dust inputs to soils of western Atlantic islands: Barbados of Barbados, the Florida Keys, and the Bahamas. Potential soil parent materials in this region, external to the carbonate substrate, include volcanic ash from the island of St. Vincent (near Barbados), volcanic ash from

  1. Comparative genomics of citric-acid producing Aspergillus niger ATCC 1015 versus enzyme-producing CBS 513.88

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigoriev, Igor V.

    2011-01-01

    expression  profiles.   Mol.   Genet.   Genomics  279: Comparative genomics of citric-acid producing Aspergillus2006.  Aspergillus niger genomics: past, present and into 

  2. The Key Coal Producers ONLINE SUPPORTING MATERIALS to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patzek, Tadeusz W.

    The Key Coal Producers ONLINE SUPPORTING MATERIALS to A Global Coal Production Forecast with Multi's most important coal-producing area is North-Central China. The provinces of Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Shaanxi and Shanxi together accounted for 83 percent of China's proven coal reserves in 2000, and Shanxi

  3. Rotating superconductor magnet for producing rotating lobed magnetic field lines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hilal, Sadek K. (Englewood Cliffs, NJ); Sampson, William B. (Bellport, NY); Leonard, Edward F. (Leonia, NJ)

    1978-01-01

    This invention provides a rotating superconductor magnet for producing a rotating lobed magnetic field, comprising a cryostat; a superconducting magnet in the cryostat having a collar for producing a lobed magnetic field having oppositely directed adjacent field lines; rotatable support means for selectively rotating the superconductor magnet; and means for energizing the superconductor magnet.

  4. Pop Up Radio Archive: A Solution for Independent Producers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Militzer, Burkhard

    Pop Up Radio Archive: A Solution for Independent Producers Anne Wootton, Bailey Smith, and Christen Penny UC Berkeley School of Information May 4, 2012 #12;Pop Up Radio Archive 2 Abstract Independent* solutions do not adequately serve independent radio producers, who "have all these hard drives at home

  5. Magnetic minerals produced by magnetotactic bacteria Balzs Arat1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

    Magnetic minerals produced by magnetotactic bacteria Balázs Arató1 , Mihály Pósfai1 and Rafal E-controlled mineralization Abstract. Magnetotactic bacteria produce intracellular magnetic minerals that have distinct for studying the biological membrane around the mineral grains. Our goals were to deduce the possible growth

  6. Fitness Biasing Produce Adaptive Gaits for Hexapod Robots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary B.

    Fitness Biasing Produce Adaptive Gaits for Hexapod Robots Gary Parker Computer Science Connecticut in an earlier work an effective learning cycles a hexapod robot. learning system capable of adapting to changes produce gaits hexapod robots difficult problem. particularly challenging if wants programs altered adapt

  7. A new method for producing molybdenum-99 without the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langendoen, Koen

    -life Molybdenum-99 decays into technetium-99. It is this that is used as the actual tracer in medical imaging for molybdenum-99 to be produced in other nuclear reactors than those using uranium fission, improving worldwideA new method for producing molybdenum-99 without the need for enriched uranium can bring an end

  8. Method of producing adherent metal oxide coatings on metallic surfaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lane, Michael H. (Clifton Park, NY); Varrin, Jr., Robert D. (McLean, VA)

    2001-01-01

    Provided is a process of producing an adherent synthetic corrosion product (sludge) coating on metallic surfaces. The method involves a chemical reaction between a dry solid powder mixture of at least one reactive metal oxide with orthophosphoric acid to produce a coating in which the particles are bound together and the matrix is adherent to the metallic surface.

  9. Keynote Address: "Challenges and Opportunities for Business in an Islamic Environment."

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abou-Ali, Sultan

    2006-04-07

    : Deputy Chairman, Investment Authority and Free Zones, Egypt. 1974 to 1984 : Professor of Economics and Chairman of the Economics Department, Zagazig University. 1972 to 1978 : Economic Advisor, Kuwait Development Fund, Kuwait... in Egypt. 1982-1984 : Ad-hoc advisory jobs to the World Bank. 1992 : Ad-hoc committe at African Development Bank on its role in promoting the African Economic Community. 1996-1997 : Senior Advisor, Kuwait Fund for Development. MEMBERSHIPS: 1...

  10. Methods and apparatus for producing and storing positrons and protons

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Akers, Douglas W. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2010-07-06

    Apparatus for producing and storing positrons may include a trap that defines an interior chamber therein and that contains an electric field and a magnetic field. The trap may further include a source material that includes atoms that, when activated by photon bombardment, become positron emitters to produce positrons. The trap may also include a moderator positioned adjacent the source material. A photon source is positioned adjacent the trap so that photons produced by the photon source bombard the source material to produce the positron emitters. Positrons from the positron emitters and moderated positrons from the moderator are confined within the interior chamber of the trap by the electric and magnetic fields. Apparatus for producing and storing protons are also disclosed.

  11. Produced Water Treatment Using Microbial Fuel Cell Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borole, A. P.; Campbell, R. [Campbell Applied Physics

    2011-05-20

    ORNL has developed a treatment for produced water using a combination of microbial fuel cells and electrosorption. A collaboration between Campbell Applied Physics and ORNL was initiated to further investigate development of the technology and apply it to treatment of field produced water. The project successfully demonstrated the potential of microbial fuel cells to generate electricity from organics in produced water. A steady voltage was continuously generated for several days using the system developed in this study. In addition to the extraction of electrical energy from the organic contaminants, use of the energy at the representative voltage was demonstrated for salts removal or desalination of the produced water. Thus, the technology has potential to remove organic as well as ionic contaminants with minimal energy input using this technology. This is a novel energy-efficient method to treat produced water. Funding to test the technology at larger scale is being pursued to enable application development.

  12. African mining

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-01-01

    This book contains papers presented at a conference addressing the development of the minerals industry in Africa. Topics covered include: A review - past, present and future - of Zimbabwe's mining industry; Geomorphological processes and related mineralization in Tanzania; and Rock mechanics investigations at Mufulira mine, Zambia.

  13. Produced water volumes and management practices in the United States.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark, C. E.; Veil, J. A.

    2009-09-01

    Produced water volume generation and management in the United States are not well characterized at a national level. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) asked Argonne National Laboratory to compile data on produced water associated with oil and gas production to better understand the production volumes and management of this water. The purpose of this report is to improve understanding of produced water by providing detailed information on the volume of produced water generated in the United States and the ways in which produced water is disposed or reused. As the demand for fresh water resources increases, with no concomitant increase in surface or ground water supplies, alternate water sources, like produced water, may play an important role. Produced water is water from underground formations that is brought to the surface during oil or gas production. Because the water has been in contact with hydrocarbon-bearing formations, it contains some of the chemical characteristics of the formations and the hydrocarbons. It may include water from the reservoir, water previously injected into the formation, and any chemicals added during the production processes. The physical and chemical properties of produced water vary considerably depending on the geographic location of the field, the geologic formation, and the type of hydrocarbon product being produced. Produced water properties and volume also vary throughout the lifetime of a reservoir. Produced water is the largest volume by-product or waste stream associated with oil and gas exploration and production. Previous national produced water volume estimates are in the range of 15 to 20 billion barrels (bbl; 1 bbl = 42 U.S. gallons) generated each year in the United States (API 1988, 2000; Veil et al. 2004). However, the details on generation and management of produced water are not well understood on a national scale. Argonne National Laboratory developed detailed national-level information on the volume of produced water generated in the United States and the manner in which produced water is managed. This report presents an overview of produced water, summarizes the study, and presents results from the study at both the national level and the state level. Chapter 2 presents background information on produced water, describing its chemical and physical characteristics, where it is produced, and the potential impacts of produced water to the environment and to oil and gas operations. A review of relevant literature is also included. Chapter 3 describes the methods used to collect information, including outreach efforts to state oil and gas agencies and related federal programs. Because of the inconsistency in the level of detail provided by various state agencies, the approaches and assumptions used to extrapolate data values are also discussed. In Chapter 4, the data are presented, and national trends and observations are discussed. Chapter 5 presents detailed results for each state, while Chapter 6 presents results from federal sources for oil and gas production (i.e., offshore, onshore, and tribal lands). Chapter 7 summarizes the study and presents conclusions.

  14. When fish die, bacteria or the enzymes they produce invade the flesh of fish. This process produces toxic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michel, Howard E.

    ABSTRACT When fish die, bacteria or the enzymes they produce invade the flesh of fish. This process produces toxic compounds in the fish and the fish becomes spoiled. Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy neural network (ANN) for the development of an ANN based FT-IR Screening System for fish

  15. Demographic analysis of the captive Asian and African elephants in North America 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraser, Susan Overman

    1983-01-01

    projections were based on a Leslie Matrix (M) as modified by Williamson (1959) to include both sexes. 0 1/2f 0 1/2f. 0 1/2f 1 0 1/2f 1 0. . . 1/2f 0. . . 1/2f n pl 0 0 0 0. . . 0 0 0 0. . . 0 0 0 0 0 p. 0 0 p, 0. . . 0 0. . . 0 0 0 0 O. . . . p...DEMOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS OF THE CAPTIVE ASIAN AND AFRICAN ELEPHANTS IN NORTH AMERICA A Thesis by SUSAN OVERMAN FRASER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER...

  16. Producing a trimethylpentanoic acid using hybrid polyketide synthases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katz, Leonard; Fortman, Jeffrey L; Keasling, Jay D

    2014-10-07

    The present invention provides for a polyketide synthase (PKS) capable of synthesizing trimethylpentanoic acid. The present invention also provides for a host cell comprising the PKS and when cultured produces the trimethylpentanoic acid. The present invention also provides for a method of producing the trimethylpentanoic acid, comprising: providing a host cell of the present invention, and culturing said host cell in a suitable culture medium such that the trimethylpentanoic acid is produced, optionally isolating the trimethylpentanoic acid, and optionally, reducing the isolated trimethylpentanoic acid into a trimethylpentanol or an iso-octane.

  17. Compositions produced using an in situ heat treatment process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Roes, Augustinus Wilhelmus Maria (Houston, TX); Nair, Vijay (Katy, TX); Munsterman, Erwin Henh (Amsterdam, NL); Van Bergen, Petrus Franciscus (Amsterdam, NL); Van Den Berg, Franciscus Gondulfus Antonius (Amsterdam, NL)

    2009-10-20

    Systems, methods, and heaters for treating a subsurface formation are described herein. At least one method for producing hydrocarbons from a subsurface formation includes providing heat to the subsurface formation using an in situ heat treatment process. One or more formation particles may be formed during heating of the subsurface formation. Fluid that includes hydrocarbons and the formation particles may be produced from the subsurface formation. The formation particles in the produced fluid may include cenospheres and have an average particle size of at least 0.5 micrometers.

  18. An Examination of Elementary School Teachers' Belief about Their African American Students with an Analysis of Selected Characteristics of Schools in One Urban School District 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marrero, Otoniel

    2010-10-12

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between five factors: teacher efficacy, teacher beliefs, cultural responsive classroom management, cultural awareness, and cultural sensitivity among African American, European American...

  19. Volunteering at Research and Cultural Collections From Egyptian shabti figures to nineteenth century medical waxes, from West African Masks to modern British

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    century medical waxes, from West African Masks to modern British landscape paintings, the Research: Basic cleaning and conservation of objects e.g. cleaning and waxing outdoor sculpture Basic remedial

  20. Perceptions of Five Middle School Science Teachers: A Suburban Success Story on the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills Achievement for Eighth Grade African American Students 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henry, Cheryl Turner

    2012-07-16

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine a problem of practice present in an actual school district. The study examined the achievement gap that existed between African American and European American students ...

  1. Ethnicity and acculturation as moderators of the relationship between media exposure, awareness, and thin-ideal internalization in African American women 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henry, Keisha Denythia

    2006-10-30

    dissatisfaction were examined. European American students and African American participants from both predominantly White and historically Black colleges and universities completed measures of media exposure, awareness of socicultural attitudes towards appearance...

  2. Chiefly Power in a Frontline State: Kgosi Linchwe II, the Bakgatla and Botswana in the South African Liberation Struggle, 1948–1994

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantwell, Louisa

    2015-03-16

    . 139; G. Benneyworth, ‘Armed and Trained: Nelson Mandela’s 1962 Military Mission as Commander in Chief of Umkhonto we Sizwe and Provenence for his Buried Makarov Pistol’, South African Historical Journal, 63, 1 (2011), p. 82; Botswana Daily News...

  3. African Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 2(6), pp. XX-XXX, June, 2007 Available online at http://www.academicjournals.org/AJAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    African Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 2(6), pp. XX-XXX, June, 2007 Available online at http://www.academicjournals.org/AJAR ISSN 1991- 637X © 2007 Academic Journals Full Length Research paper Livestock and livelihoods

  4. Prophet, Priest and King in Colonial Africa: Anglican and Colonial Political Responses to African Independent Churches in Nigeria and Kenya, 1918-1960 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Higgins, Thomas Winfield

    2010-11-26

    Many African Independent Churches emerged during the colonial era in central Kenya and western Nigeria. At times they were opposed by government officials and missionaries. Most scholars have limited the field of enquiry to the flash...

  5. Illumination Sufficiency Survey Techniques: In-situ Measurements of Lighting System Performance and a User Preference Survey for Illuminance in an Off-Grid, African Setting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alstone, Peter

    2012-01-01

    A. Jacobson, 2007. The Off-grid Lighting Market in WesternBudget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for SmallSurvey for Illuminance in an Off-Grid, African Setting Peter

  6. "When you want to give up, you want to give in": Mentoring perceptions of African American women doctoral students at a predominately White institution 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowler, Rhonda Michelle

    2013-08-08

    meaning of their mentoring experiences with at a predominantly White institution (PWI). The research questions to guide this study were: (1) what are the perceptions of faculty mentoring for African American female doctoral students in this HRD program...

  7. What Shall I Give My Children? Student Affairs Professionals and Their Influence on the Academic Resilience of Underprepared African American Students 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal, Genyne L

    2015-06-05

    Currently and historically, the significant gap in educational achievement between Black and White students in P-20 education has influenced the access, persistence, and graduation rates of African Americans in higher ...

  8. Micro-mechanical logic for field produceable gate arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prakash, Manu

    2005-01-01

    A paradigm of micro-mechanical gates for field produceable logic is explored. A desktop manufacturing system is sought after which is capable of printing functional logic devices in the field. A logic scheme which induces ...

  9. Effects of the Biologically Produced Polymer Alginic Acid on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Effects of the Biologically Produced Polymer Alginic Acid on Macroscopic and Microscopic Calcite of carbonate minerals has significant envi- ronmental effects. Microorganisms affect carbonate dissolution, and hydrogeological systems. Calcite is an important reservoir of carbon, and accelerated dissolution of calcite

  10. Search for a standard model Higgs boson produced in association...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Search for a standard model Higgs boson produced in association with a top-quark pair and decaying to bottom quarks using a matrix element method Title: Search for a standard model...

  11. Search for a standard model Higgs boson produced in association...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    standard model Higgs boson produced in association with a top-quark pair and decaying to bottom quarks using a matrix element method Khachatryan, V. Yerevan Physics Inst. (YerPhI)...

  12. Performance profiles of major energy producers 1995, January 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-02-01

    This publication examines developments in the operations of the major U.S. energy-producing companies on a corporate level, by major line of business, by major function within each line of business, and by geographic area.

  13. Time-to-Produce, Inventory, and Asset Prices 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Zhanhui

    2012-10-19

    In a production-based general equilibrium model, I study the impact of time-to-build and time-to-produce technology constraints and inventory on asset prices and macroeconomic quantity dynamics. A time-to-build constraint ...

  14. Fact #600: December 7, 2009 China Produced More Vehicles than...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    produced in China and the U.S. for various years starting in 1980. In the year 2008 Chinese production surpassed the U.S by 0.8 million vehicles. For more detailed information,...

  15. Spotlight on Austin, Texas: Best Offer Ever Produces 564 Upgrades...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    564 Upgrades in Record Time Spotlight on Austin, Texas: Best Offer Ever Produces 564 Upgrades in Record Time This Better Buildings case study from April 2011 focuses on grantee...

  16. Reactive binders for metal parts produced by Three Dimensional Printing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, Helen Jean

    1997-01-01

    Three Dimensional Printing (3DP) is a solid free form fabrication process which enables the construction of parts directly from computer-aided design (CAD) models. In the current process, metal parts are produced by printing ...

  17. SaskPower Small Power Producers Program (Saskatchewan, Canada)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Small Power Producers Program accommodates customers who wish to generate up to 100 kilowatts (kW) of electricity for the purpose of offsetting power that would otherwise be purchased from...

  18. Method for producing hydrogen and oxygen by use of algae

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Greenbaum, Elias (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1984-01-01

    Efficiency of process for producing H.sub.2 by subjecting algae in an aqueous phase to light irradiation is increased by culturing algae which has been bleached during a first period of irradiation in a culture medium in an aerobic atmosphere until it has regained color and then subjecting this algae to a second period of irradiation wherein hydrogen is produced at an enhanced rate.

  19. Method for producing hydrogen and oxygen by use of algae

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Greenbaum, E.

    1982-06-16

    Efficiency of process for producing H/sub 2/ by subjecting algae in an aqueous phase to light irradiation is increased by culturing algae which has been bleached during a first period of irradiation in a culture medium in an aerobic atmosphere until it has regained color and then subjecting this algae to a second period of irradiation wherein hydrogen is produced at an enhanced rate.

  20. Process for producing peracids from aliphatic hydroxy carboxylic acids

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chum, H.L.; Palasz, P.D.; Ratcliff, M.A.

    1984-12-20

    A process is described for producing peracids from lactic acid-containing solutions derived from biomass processing systems. It consists of adjusting the pH of the solution to about 8 to 9 and removing alkaline residue fractions therefrom to form a solution comprised substantially of lower aliphatic hydroxy acids. The solution is oxidized to produce volatile lower aliphatic aldehydes. The aldehydes are removed as they are generated and converted to peracids.

  1. Characterizing the noise produced by hard disk drives 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cherniak, Bruce Marshall

    1991-01-01

    CHARACTERIZING THE NOISE PRODUCED BY HARD DISK DRIVES A Thesis by BRUCE MARSHALL CHERNIAK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 1991 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering CHARACTERIZING THE NOISE PRODUCED BY HARD DISK DRIVES A Thesis by BRUCE MARSHALL CHERNIAK Approved as to style and content by: Karan L. Watson (Chair of Committee) Hosame Abu-Amara (Member...

  2. Method for producing high quality thin layer films on substrates

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Strongin, Myron (Center Moriches, NY); Ruckman, Mark (Middle Island, NY); Strongin, Daniel (Port Jefferson, NY)

    1994-01-01

    A method for producing high quality, thin layer films of inorganic compounds upon the surface of a substrate is disclosed. The method involves condensing a mixture of preselected molecular precursors on the surface of a substrate and subsequently inducing the formation of reactive species using high energy photon or charged particle irradiation. The reactive species react with one another to produce a film of the desired compound upon the surface of the substrate.

  3. Method for producing high quality thin layer films on substrates

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Strongin, M.; Ruckman, M.; Strongin, D.

    1994-04-26

    A method for producing high quality, thin layer films of inorganic compounds upon the surface of a substrate is disclosed. The method involves condensing a mixture of preselected molecular precursors on the surface of a substrate and subsequently inducing the formation of reactive species using high energy photon or charged particle irradiation. The reactive species react with one another to produce a film of the desired compound upon the surface of the substrate. 4 figures.

  4. Produced water radionuclide hazard/risk assessment, Phase 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamilton, L.D.; Meinhold, A.F.; Nagy, J.

    1991-06-01

    Petroleum production may be accompanied by the production of saline water, called ``produced water.`` Produced water discharged into freshwater streams, estuaries, coastal and outer continental shelf waters can contained enhanced levels of radium isotopes. This document reports on the first phase of a study to estimate the risk to human health and the environment from radium discharged in produced water. The study involved five major steps: (1) evaluate the usefulness of available produced water outfall data for developing estimates of radium environmental concentrations; (2) review the literature on the bioaccumulation of radium by aquatic organism; (3) review the literature on the effects of radiation on aquatic organisms; (4) review the information available concerning the human health risks associated with exposure to Ra-226 and Ra-228 and (5) perform a conservative, screening-level assessment of the health and environmental risks posed by Ra-226 and Ra-228 discharged in produced waters. A screening-level analysis was performed to determine whether radium discharged to coastal Louisiana in produced waters presents potential health or environmental risks requiring further study. This conservative assessment suggested that no detectable impact on populations of fish, molluscs or crustaceans from radium discharged in produced waters is likely. The analysis also suggested that there is a potential for risk were an individual to ingest a large amount of seafood harvested near a produced water discharge point over a lifetime. The number of excess cancers predicted per year under a conservative scenario is comparable to those expected to result from background concentrations of radium.

  5. Produced water radionuclide hazard/risk assessment, Phase 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamilton, L.D.; Meinhold, A.F.; Nagy, J.

    1991-06-01

    Petroleum production may be accompanied by the production of saline water, called produced water.'' Produced water discharged into freshwater streams, estuaries, coastal and outer continental shelf waters can contained enhanced levels of radium isotopes. This document reports on the first phase of a study to estimate the risk to human health and the environment from radium discharged in produced water. The study involved five major steps: (1) evaluate the usefulness of available produced water outfall data for developing estimates of radium environmental concentrations; (2) review the literature on the bioaccumulation of radium by aquatic organism; (3) review the literature on the effects of radiation on aquatic organisms; (4) review the information available concerning the human health risks associated with exposure to Ra-226 and Ra-228 and (5) perform a conservative, screening-level assessment of the health and environmental risks posed by Ra-226 and Ra-228 discharged in produced waters. A screening-level analysis was performed to determine whether radium discharged to coastal Louisiana in produced waters presents potential health or environmental risks requiring further study. This conservative assessment suggested that no detectable impact on populations of fish, molluscs or crustaceans from radium discharged in produced waters is likely. The analysis also suggested that there is a potential for risk were an individual to ingest a large amount of seafood harvested near a produced water discharge point over a lifetime. The number of excess cancers predicted per year under a conservative scenario is comparable to those expected to result from background concentrations of radium.

  6. The Effects of Surrogate Caregivers on The Relationship Between Fatherless/Fatherloss African American Male Youths and Their Level of Delinquent Behavior 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter-Haith, James A., Jr.

    2010-01-14

    behaviors in the youth. Other researchers, Mackey & Mackey (2003), seem to agree that the total absence of a male role model has a direct affect on the aggression level of the African American male youths. 8 8 This review will focus on developmental... on the delinquency of African American male youths than previously indicated (Mackey & Mackey, 2003). Research reports a positive correlation between the quality of the father-child relationship and self-esteem, but does not solely identify fatherloss...

  7. Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and established risk factors among populations of sub-Saharan African descent in Europe: a literature review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agyemang, Charles; Addo, Juliet; Bhopal, Raj; de-Graft Aikins, Ama; Stronks, Karien

    2009-08-11

    rigorous crit- icisms and unreliable data sources, this hypothesis has sustained some considerable degree of popular and scien- tific acceptance [54]. The issue of the link between skin colour and hypertension is even more complex. The posi- tive... - ans [74]. Causation Several factors have been linked to the increased preva- lence of type II among populations of African descent such as increasing obesity, insulin resistance, physical inactivity and unhealthy diet [75-77]. Obesity is anPage 6 of 17...

  8. Safety, Pharmacokinetic, and Efficacy Studies of Oral DB868 in a First Stage Vervet Monkey Model of Human African Trypanosomiasis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thutia, John K.; Wolf, Kristina K.; Murilla, Grace A.; Liu, Qiang; Mutuku, James N.; Chen, Yao; Bridges, Arlene S.; Mdachi, Raymond E.; Ismail, Mohamed A.; Ching, Shelley; Boykin, David W.; Hall, James E.; Tidwell, Richard R.; Paine, Mary F.; Brun, Reto; Wang, Michael Z.

    2013-06-06

    ) by adapting a previously published method [17]. Briefly, incubation Figure 1. Structures of the prodrug (DB868) and active compound (DB829). doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0002230.g001 Author Summary Development of orally administered medicines for human African... | e2230 blood by direct microscopy or the haematocrit centrifugation technique [24] by the 4th day of drug administration. The monkeys remained trypanosome-free in body fluids (blood and CSF) for the remaining monitoring period (Table 2). Monkeys 686...

  9. Recycling produced water for algal cultivation for biofuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neal, Justin N.; Sullivan, Enid J.; Dean, Cynthia A.; Steichen, Seth A.

    2012-08-09

    Algal growth demands a continuous source of water of appropriate salinity and nutritional content. Fresh water sources are scarce in the deserts of the Southwestern United States, hence, salt water algae species are being investigated as a renewable biofuel source. The use of produced water from oil wells (PW) could offset the demand for fresh water in cultivation. Produced water can contain various concentrations of dissolved solids, metals and organic contaminants and often requires treatment beyond oil/water separation to make it suitable for algae cultivation. The produced water used in this study was taken from an oil well in Jal, New Mexico. An F/2-Si (minus silica) growth media commonly used to cultivate Nannochloropsis salina 1776 (NS 1776) was prepared using the produced water (F/2-Si PW) taking into account the metals and salts already present in the water. NS 1776 was seeded into a bioreactor containing 5L of the (F/2-Si PW) media. After eleven days the optical density at 750 nm (an indicator of algal growth) increased from 0 to 2.52. These results indicate algae are able to grow, though inhibited when compared with non-PW media, in the complex chemical conditions found in produced water. Savings from using nutrients present in the PW, such as P, K, and HCO{sub 3}{sup -}, results in a 44.38% cost savings over fresh water to mix the F/2-Si media.

  10. Method and system for producing complex-shape objects

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jeantette, Francisco P. (Albuquerque, NM); Keicher, David M. (Albuquerque, NM); Romero, Joseph A. (Albuquerque, NM); Schanwald, Lee P. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2000-01-01

    A method and system are provided for producing complex, three-dimensional, net shape objects from a variety of powdered materials. The system includes unique components to ensure a uniform and continuous flow of powdered materials as well as to focus and locate the flow of powdered materials with respect to a laser beam which results in the melting of the powdered material. The system also includes a controller so that the flow of molten powdered materials can map out and form complex, three-dimensional, net-shape objects by layering the molten powdered material. Advantageously, such complex, three-dimensional net-shape objects can be produced having material densities varying from 90% of theoretical to fully dense, as well as a variety of controlled physical properties. Additionally, such complex, three-dimensional objects can be produced from two or more different materials so that the composition of the object can be transitioned from one material to another.

  11. Method for producing high surface area chromia materials for catalysis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gash, Alexander E. (Brentwood, CA); Satcher, Joe (Patterson, CA); Tillotson, Thomas (Tracy, CA); Hrubesh, Lawrence (Pleasanton, CA); Simpson, Randall (Livermore, CA)

    2007-05-01

    Nanostructured chromium(III)-oxide-based materials using sol-gel processing and a synthetic route for producing such materials are disclosed herein. Monolithic aerogels and xerogels having surface areas between 150 m.sup.2/g and 520 m.sup.2/g have been produced. The synthetic method employs the use of stable and inexpensive hydrated-chromium(III) inorganic salts and common solvents such as water, ethanol, methanol, 1-propanol, t-butanol, 2-ethoxy ethanol, and ethylene glycol, DMSO, and dimethyl formamide. The synthesis involves the dissolution of the metal salt in a solvent followed by an addition of a proton scavenger, such as an epoxide, which induces gel formation in a timely manner. Both critical point (supercritical extraction) and atmospheric (low temperature evaporation) drying may be employed to produce monolithic aerogels and xerogels, respectively.

  12. The Wigner Function of Produced Particles in String Fragmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheuk-Yin Wong

    2009-11-05

    We show that QCD4 with transverse confinement can be approximately compactified into QCD2 with a transverse quark mass $m_{{}_T}$ that is obtained by solving a set of coupled transverse eigenvalue equations. In the limits of a strong coupling and a large number of flavors, QCD2 further admits Schwinger QED2-type bosonized solutions. We therefore examine phenomenologically the space-time dynamics of produced particles in string fragmentation by studying the Wigner function of produced bosons in Schwinger QED2, which mimics many features of string fragmentation in quantum chromodynamics. We find that particles with momenta in different regions of the rapidity plateau are produced at the initial moment of string fragmentation as a quark pulls away from an antiquark at high energies, in contrast to classical pictures of string fragmentation with longitudinal space-momentum-time ordering.

  13. Electrochemical method of producing nano-scaled graphene platelets

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zhamu, Aruna; Jang, Joan; Jang, Bor Z.

    2013-09-03

    A method of producing nano-scaled graphene platelets with an average thickness smaller than 30 nm from a layered graphite material. The method comprises (a) forming a carboxylic acid-intercalated graphite compound by an electrochemical reaction; (b) exposing the intercalated graphite compound to a thermal shock to produce exfoliated graphite; and (c) subjecting the exfoliated graphite to a mechanical shearing treatment to produce the nano-scaled graphene platelets. Preferred carboxylic acids are formic acid and acetic acid. The exfoliation step in the instant invention does not involve the evolution of undesirable species, such as NO.sub.x and SO.sub.x, which are common by-products of exfoliating conventional sulfuric or nitric acid-intercalated graphite compounds. The nano-scaled platelets are candidate reinforcement fillers for polymer nanocomposites. Nano-scaled graphene platelets are much lower-cost alternatives to carbon nano-tubes or carbon nano-fibers.

  14. Experience of Consolidation Of Disused Sources In Developing Countries, An African Perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kifanga, L.D.; Mompome, W.K.; Shao, D.

    2008-07-01

    Application of sealed sources in agriculture, medicine and industry was used in many African countries without having any arrangements in place for managing the sources when their useful life was over. In Tanzania a substantial use of such sources was utilized. In the early days source management was not an area that was given the required attention hence a legacy associated with sealed sources became evident in many African countries and Tanzania was one of them. In the 90's Tanzania Atomic Energy Commission (TAEC), realized the scope of the waste problem and began to participate in an International Atomic Energy Agency Regional (IAEA) project on waste management. Tanzania in cooperation with IAEA initiated activities under the IAEA Technical Cooperation and the Regional projects 'Strengthening Waste Management Infrastructure, RAF/4/015'; and 'Sustaining the Waste Management Infrastructure RAF/3/005' which played a significant role. The first outcome of the project was realized in 1999, as the first 'Temporary Radioactive Waste Storage Facility' began to operate. This particular Storage facility gave the first impact as well as the need to develop this particular infrastructure further. As the project carried on, more and more orphan sources were recovered, collected and safely stored at the facility. As the use of nuclear technology was expanding and the identification of the extent of sealed sources in the countries became more defined, the need to develop a 'Central Radioactive Waste Management Facility' (CRWMF) was becoming more desired. The central radioactive waste storage facility was constructed and commissioned in 2005. The facility was more advanced and could be used for much longer periods of time, as one of the most advanced storage facility in the Region. At present a large number of disused sources from various industries as well as from different activities are being stored at the facility. Tanzanian authorities are also planning to initiate a nationwide mission to recover and properly store as well as dispose of abandoned sources. Cooperation among the AFRA Member states has been very rewarding in terms of experience and its importance. Skills that have been gained during the past years of existence of the AFRA project will be a vital contribution for years to come. This paper discusses the experiences of United Republic of Tanzania on management of orphan radioactive sources. The need to develop its own radioactive waste management infrastructure was required due to the fact, that many disused radioactive sources have been found abandoned and needed to be properly disposed of. The paper will also discuss some of these experiences. (authors)

  15. Direct and semidirect aerosol effects of Southern African biomass burning aerosol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sakaeda, Naoko; Wood, Robert; Rasch, Philip J.

    2011-06-21

    The direct and semi-direct radiative effects of biomass burning aerosols from Southern African fires during July-October are investigated using 20 year runs of the Community Atmospheric Model (CAM) coupled to a slab ocean model. The aerosol optical depth is constrained using observations in clear skies from MODIS and for aerosol layers above clouds from CALIPSO. Over the ocean, where the absorbing biomass burning aerosol layers are primarily located above cloud, negative top of atmosphere (TOA) semi-direct radiative effects associated with increased low cloud cover dominate over a weaker positive all-sky direct radiative effect (DRE). In contrast, over the land where the aerosols are often below or within cloud layers, reductions in cloud liquid water path (LWP) lead to a positive semi-direct radiative effect that dominates over a near-zero DRE. Over the ocean, the cloud response can be understood as a response to increased lower tropospheric stability (LTS) which is caused both by aerosol absorptive warming in overlying layers and surface cooling in response to direct aerosol forcing. The ocean cloud changes are robust to changes in the cloud parameterization (removal of the hard-wired dependence of clouds on LTS), suggesting that they are physically realistic. Over land where cloud cover changes are minimal, decreased LWP is consistent with weaker convection driven by increased static stability. Over the entire region the overall TOA radiative effect from the biomass burning aerosols is almost zero due to opposing effects over the land and ocean. However, the surface forcing is strongly negative requiring a reduction in precipitation. This is primarily realized through reductions in convective precipitation on both the southern and northern flanks of the convective precipitation region spanning the equatorial rainforest and the ITCZ in the southern Sahel. The changes are consistent with the low-level aerosol forced cooling pattern. The results highlight the importance of semi-direct radiative effects and precipitation responses for determining the climatic effects of aerosols in the African region.

  16. Engineered microorganisms capable of producing target compounds under anaerobic conditions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Buelter, Thomas (Denver, CO); Meinhold, Peter (Denver, CO); Feldman, Reid M. Renny (San Francisco, CA); Hawkins, Andrew C. (Parker, CO); Urano, Jun (Irvine, CA); Bastian, Sabine (Pasadena, CA); Arnold, Frances (La Canada, CA)

    2012-01-17

    The present invention is generally provides recombinant microorganisms comprising engineered metabolic pathways capable of producing C3-C5 alcohols under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. The invention further provides ketol-acid reductoisomerase enzymes which have been mutated or modified to increase their NADH-dependent activity or to switch the cofactor preference from NADPH to NADH and are expressed in the modified microorganisms. In addition, the invention provides isobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase enzymes expressed in modified microorganisms. Also provided are methods of producing beneficial metabolites under aerobic and anaerobic conditions by contacting a suitable substrate with the modified microorganisms of the present invention.

  17. Method to produce succinic acid from raw hydrolysates

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Donnelly, Mark I.; Sanville-Millard, Cynthia Y.; Nghiem, Nhuan Phu

    2004-06-01

    A method for producing succinic acid from industrial-grade hydrolysates is provided, comprising supplying an organism that contains mutations for the genes ptsG, pflB, and ldhA, allowing said organism to accumulate biomass, and allowing said organism to metabolize the hydrolysate. Also provided is a bacteria mutant characterized in that it produces succinic acid from substrate contained in industrial-grade hydrolysate in a ratio of between 0.6:1 and 1.3:1 succinic acid to substrate.

  18. Methods of producing adsorption media including a metal oxide

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mann, Nicholas R; Tranter, Troy J

    2014-03-04

    Methods of producing a metal oxide are disclosed. The method comprises dissolving a metal salt in a reaction solvent to form a metal salt/reaction solvent solution. The metal salt is converted to a metal oxide and a caustic solution is added to the metal oxide/reaction solvent solution to adjust the pH of the metal oxide/reaction solvent solution to less than approximately 7.0. The metal oxide is precipitated and recovered. A method of producing adsorption media including the metal oxide is also disclosed, as is a precursor of an active component including particles of a metal oxide.

  19. Low-cost method for producing extreme ultraviolet lithography optics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Folta, James A. (Livermore, CA); Montcalm, Claude (Fort Collins, CO); Taylor, John S. (Livermore, CA); Spiller, Eberhard A. (Mt. Kisco, NY)

    2003-11-21

    Spherical and non-spherical optical elements produced by standard optical figuring and polishing techniques are extremely expensive. Such surfaces can be cheaply produced by diamond turning; however, the roughness in the diamond turned surface prevent their use for EUV lithography. These ripples are smoothed with a coating of polyimide before applying a 60 period Mo/Si multilayer to reflect a wavelength of 134 .ANG. and have obtained peak reflectivities close to 63%. The savings in cost are about a factor of 100.

  20. Oxidation resistant alloys, method for producing oxidation resistant alloys

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dunning, John S.; Alman, David E.

    2002-11-05

    A method for producing oxidation-resistant austenitic alloys for use at temperatures below 800 C. comprising of: providing an alloy comprising, by weight %: 14-18% chromium, 15-18% nickel, 1-3% manganese, 1-2% molybdenum, 2-4% silicon, 0% aluminum and the balance being iron; heating the alloy to 800 C. for between 175-250 hours prior to use in order to form a continuous silicon oxide film and another oxide film. The method provides a means of producing stainless steels with superior oxidation resistance at temperatures above 700 C. at a low cost