Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Turkeys  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

No. 619 November 26, 1960 No. 619 November 26, 1960 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Daniel Ryan, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor David H. Thompson, Senior Naturalist TURKEYS : WILD AND DOMESTICATED The story of the first Thanksgiving in 1621 and of the wild "Turkies" which the Pilgrims hunted to provide meat for the feast is familiar to every American. Today, although very few of us can claim that we had ancestors on the Mayflower, a lot of us imagine that our Thanksgiving bird is descended from those wild turkeys. This is not quite correct. A century before, in Mexico, the early Spanish adventurers had found Indians raising turkeys around their homes. The Aztec emperor, Montezuma, kept them in his famous zoo, it is said, as food for the other animals. It is not known how long those Mexican birds had been tamed and bred but they are the true ancestors of our only domestic animal with an origin in North America.

2

Turkeys  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

No 41 November 17, 1945 No 41 November 17, 1945 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Clayton F. Smith, President Roberts Mann, Supt. of Conservation TURKEYS George Washington, in the first year of his presidenoy, issued a proclamation recommending November 26, 1789, be kept as a day of national thanksgiving for the establishment of a form of government that made for safety and happiness. In 1863, Abraham Lincoln issued a proclamation in which he "appointed and set aside" the last Thursday in November as a day of national thanksgiving "for the defense against unfriendly designs without and signal victories over the enemy who is of our own household. " Since then each president has observed this cufitom, varied only by Franklin D. Roosevelt. Some time in October or November 1621, by proclamation of Governor Bradford, the Pilgrims in Plymouth Colony celebrated their first official American harvest festival. They recorded that "our harvest heing gotten in, our Governor sent foure men on fowling so that we might after a more special manner rejoyce together after we had gathered the fruit of our labours. They foure in one day killed as much fowle as, with a little help besides, served the Company about a weeke." Apparently the "fowle" were mostly wild ducks and geese but they found also a "great store of Turkies" in the vicinity of Plymouth.

3

Thailand Overview  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Countries Thailand Last Updated: February 20, 2013 (Notes) full report Overview Thailand is a net importer of oil and natural gas, although the ...

4

Climate Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Philippines, South Africa, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, Vietnam South America, South America, Northern Africa, Southern...

5

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

, Kazakhstan + , Mexico + , Morocco + , Nigeria + , Philippines + , South Africa + , Thailand + , Turkey + , Ukraine + , Vietnam + ProgramSector Climate + , Energy + ProgramTopics...

6

Thailand: World Oil Report 1991  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that, out of 104 new concessions offered during 1990 by the Department of Mineral Resources (DMR) in Thailand, 33 concession blocks were recently awarded to 17 oil companies. Thailand and Vietnam also agreed last December to set up a joint committee as soon as possible to study exploration possibilities in the overlapping area both claim in the eastern Gulf of Thailand. PTT Exploration and Production (PTTEP) also is planning the joint development of an offshore area claimed by Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam. If it materializes, all benefits and costs will be split three ways. The area between Thailand and Cambodia is thought to have high potential for hydrocarbons.

Khin, J.A. (AFKA Co., PTE Ltd. (SG))

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

BBSLA Thailand (032410) English (Global Version 031010) ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BBSLA Thailand (032410) English (Global Version 031010) 1 BLACKBERRY SOLUTION LICENSE AGREEMENT PLEASE READ THIS ...

8

Thailand's oil prospects brighten  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that oil exploration and development looks brighter in Thailand while gas prospects are mixed. Thai Shell Exploration and Production Co. Ltd. hopes to bring on stream in 1993 a rarity for Thailand; a commercial oil discovery in the Gulf of Thailand. Meantime, Thailand's top E and P player, Unocal Thailand, has outlined its upstream spending plans and activity for the year.

1992-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

9

Record of Decision for the Final EIS on Proposed Nuclear Weapons...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bangladesh Brazil Chile Colombia Greece Indonesia Iran Jamaica Malaysia Mexico Pakistan Peru Philippines Portugal Romania Slovenia South Africa South Korea Thailand Turkey Uruguay...

10

Oil shale deposits of Thailand  

SciTech Connect

Oil-shale deposits occur in several areas of Thailand. Perhaps the most important deposit occurs at Mae Sod in Tak Province, West Thailand. Other well-known deposits are Li in Lamphum Province, Ko Kha District, Lampang Province, and Krabi in the southern peninsular region. The geological age of all these deposits is late Tertiary, as demonstrated by the presence of the fossils from the oil shale of the Mae Sod series, e.g., fish of the Ostariophysian family Cyprinidae.

Chakrabarti, A.K.

1976-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Turkey vs. human digestion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Turkey vs. human digestion Turkey vs. human digestion Name: wallyb Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: How is the digestive system of turkeys different from that of humans? Replies: Hmmm.. been a while since I had sophomore biology, so I can't completely answer this one, but I can say a few things. One, since turkeys are birds, and birds as a general rule have not had teeth for several million years at least, the turkey needs a way to mash up its food -- thus, the crop, which is essentially like another stomach: the turkey (and many other birds, for that matter) swallows small stones which serve in lieu of teeth, mashing up food via muscular action in the crop, from whence the "chewed" food moves on into the rest of the digestive tract. As for any other differences, I'll have to leave that to someone else with more ornithological experience...

12

Energy efficiency strategies for Thailand  

SciTech Connect

The authors address the importance of energy efficiency for Thailand's future economic growth. The rise in energy demand in Thailand and particularly the increase in imported energy costs could threaten the future prosperity of the Thai economy by diverting capital from more productive uses. Using energy more efficiently is one strategy that could alleviate or reduce this threat. Such a strategy has already proved successful in easing the economic burdens in industrialized countries brought on by the oil crises in the 1970s.

Bleviss, D.L.; Lide, V.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Thailand gas project now operational  

SciTech Connect

Now operational, Phase 1 of Thailand's first major natural gas system comprises one of the world's longest (264 miles) offshore gas lines. Built for the Petroleum Authority of Thailand (PTT), this system delivers gas from the Erawan field in the Gulf of Thailand to two electrical power plants near Bangkok, operated by the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT). The project required laying about 360 miles of pipeline, 34-in., 0.625 in.-thick API-5LX-60 pipe offshore and 28-in., 0.406 in.-thick API-5LX-60 onshore. The offshore pipe received a coal-tar coating, a 3.5-5.0 in. concrete coating, and zinc sacrificial-anode bracelets. The onshore line was coated with the same coal-tar enamel and, where necessary, with concrete up to 4.5 in. thick. Because EGAT's two power plants are the system's only customers, no more pipeline will be constructed until deliveries, currently averaging about 100 million CF/day, reach the 250 million CF/day level. The project's second phase will include additional pipelines as well as an onshore distribution network to industrial customers.

Horner, C.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Hydropower potential in Turkey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Turkey has a total hydropower potential of 433 GW that is equal to 1.2% of the total hydropower potential of the world and to 14% of European hydropower potential. Only 125 GW of the total hydroelectric potential of Turkey can be economically used. By the commissioning of new hydropower plants, which are under construction, 34% of the economically usable potential of the country would be tapped. At the present, hydropower energy is an important energy source for Turkey due to its useful characteristics such as being renewable, clean, and less of an impact on the environment, and a cheap and domestic energy source.

Kaygusuz, K. [Karadeniz Technical Univ., Trabzon (Turkey). Dept. of Chemistry

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

final results 2011_turkey.pptx  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

FINAL RESULTS RESCUE ROBOT LEAGUE 1ST iRAP_JUDY (Thailand) 835 25 2ND MRL (Iran) 430 13 3RD STABILIZE (Thailand) 405 11 ...

2011-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

16

Thailand Daily Rainfall and Comparison with TRMM Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Daily rainfall data collected from more than 100 gauges over Thailand for the period 19932002 are used to study the climatology and spatial and temporal characteristics of Thailand rainfall variations. Comparison of the Thailand gauge (TG) data ...

Roongroj Chokngamwong; Long S. Chiu

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Safe Frozen Turkey Preparation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

you ready for a SAFE Thanksgiving? you ready for a SAFE Thanksgiving? Thanksgiving ~ time for family, Thanksgiving this year? Test your Thanksgiving safety Safety Quiz, check out the resources and share this page with your friends and family. Most importantly, take just a little extra time to make sure your Thanksgiving holiday is safe for your loved ones. Happy Thanksgiving! 1. How should you thaw a frozen turkey? A. Set it out on the kitchen counter the night before. B. In the microwave on the "thaw" setting C. Run hot water over it in the sink. D. In the refrigerator, according to its 2. How should you store turkey leftovers? A. In the same pan you cooked it in, in the refrigerator B. Put it in gallon freezer bags and freeze C. Cut the turkey into small pieces; refrigerate stuffing and turkey separately in shallow

18

Turkey | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turkey Turkey Dataset Summary Description Developed by NREL and the U.S. Trade and Development Agency, this geographic toolkit that allows users to relate the renewable energy resource (solar and wind) data to other geographic data, such as land use, protected areas, elevation, etc. The GsT was completely redesigned and re-released in November 2010 to provide a more modern, easier-to-use interface with considerably faster analytical querying capabilities. The revised version of the Geospatial Toolkit for Turkey is available using the following link: http://www.nrel.gov/international/downloads/gst_turkey.exe Source GeoModel Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated July 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords DNI GeoModel GHI GIS GsT NREL solar SWERA TILT

19

Thailand-Key Results and Policy Recommendations for Future Bioenergy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

013 Country Thailand UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Thailand-Key Results and Policy Recommendations for Future Bioenergy Development1 Abstract "The Government of...

20

Thailand - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual ... Search EIA.gov. ... Thailand's thirst for natural gas is prompting the government to enter political ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Create Place: Chachoengsao, Thailand | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

page Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Create Place: Chachoengsao, Thailand Jump to: navigation, search You do not have permission to edit this page, for the...

22

Computer science innovation in Thailand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on an empirical qualitative study of computer science education in Thailand following an aid project. The project was attempting to improve teaching quality at a time of significant change in educational delivery worldwide (1999--2004). ... Keywords: computer education, cross-cultural study, diffusion of innovation, empirical qualitative research, higher education reform, intercultural communication, system success, teaching and learning, thai culture, university culture

Jan C. Miller

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Electronic payment systems development in Thailand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the creation of modern electronic payment systems in Thailand. Thailand, like other major developed and emerging economies, experienced payment systems reforms in the 1990s. The country's economic expansion, which started in the late-1980s ... Keywords: Banking strategies, Electronic data interchange, Electronic payment systems, Strategic information systems

Tanai Khiaonarong

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

UC International Internships (Thailand and Indonesia)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UC International Internships (Thailand and Indonesia) The University of Canterbury is pleased in Indonesia and Thailand over this summer break (2013-2014). There will be an information session on Tuesday will be expected to participate in. For Indonesia, students will help Indonesian students coming to UC for the next

Hickman, Mark

25

Export.gov - 02092011Thailand Welcome  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ภาษาไทย ภาษาไทย Register | Manage Account Search Our Site Click to Search Our Site Export.gov Home Opportunities By Industry By Country Market Research Trade Events Trade Leads Free Trade Agreements Solutions International Sales & Marketing International Financing International Logistics Licenses & Regulations Trade Data & Analysis Trade Problems Locations Domestic Offices International Offices FAQ Blog Connect Home > Thailand Local Time in Thailand: Print | E-mail Page Thailand Home Doing Business in Thailand Services for U.S. Companies Education Trade Events Local Service Providers for US exporters Invest in USA Treaty of Amity Intellectual Property Rights in Thailand Student Intern Program Links Contact Us Our Worldwide Network About Us Press Room Other Worldwide Markets

26

Thailand's downstream projects proliferate  

SciTech Connect

Thailand continues to press expansion and modernization of its downstream sector. Among recent developments: Construction of an olefins unit at Thailand's second major petrochemical complex and a worldscale aromatics unit in Thailand is threatened by rising costs. Thailand's National Petrochemical Corp (NPC) let a 9 billion yen contract to Mitsui Engineering and Shipbuilding Co. and C. Itoh and Co. for a dual fuel cogeneration power plant at its Mab Ta Phud, Rayong province, petrochemical complex. Financing is in place to flash a green light for a $530 million Belgian-Thai joint venture sponsoring a worldscale polyvinyl chloride/vinyl chloride monomer plant in Thailand. Work is more than 50% complete on the $345 million second phase expansion of Thai Oil's Sri Racha refinery in Chon Buri province. Petroleum Authority of Thailand (PTT) endorsed a plan to install two more natural gas processing plants in Thailand to meet rapidly growing domestic demand for petroleum gas.

1991-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

27

Florida Nuclear Profile - Turkey Point  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Turkey Point" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration date"...

28

Laotian hydro scheme will supply Thailand  

SciTech Connect

Transmission lines between Laos and Thailand are being strengthened to allow Thailand the opportunity to benefit from the surplus power of the Nam Ngum hydroelectric project. Phase 2 of the project has increased capacity beyond expected Laotian demand in order to develop a long-term economic program of sales to Thailand, which can use the energy as a fuel replacement. Agreements of the Electric Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT) and Electrite du Laos (EdL) specify sales at the rate of $4.50 per megawatt hour, with a mutual option to renew after ten years. Rural electrification, fisheries, and flood control benefits for Laos will add to the possibilities for economic development. Details are given in the article for the expansion and costs of the powerhouse, reservoirs, and transmission equipment. (DCK)

Budhraja, P.S.

1977-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Turkey's energy demand and supply  

SciTech Connect

The aim of the present article is to investigate Turkey's energy demand and the contribution of domestic energy sources to energy consumption. Turkey, the 17th largest economy in the world, is an emerging country with a buoyant economy challenged by a growing demand for energy. Turkey's energy consumption has grown and will continue to grow along with its economy. Turkey's energy consumption is high, but its domestic primary energy sources are oil and natural gas reserves and their production is low. Total primary energy production met about 27% of the total primary energy demand in 2005. Oil has the biggest share in total primary energy consumption. Lignite has the biggest share in Turkey's primary energy production at 45%. Domestic production should be to be nearly doubled by 2010, mainly in coal (lignite), which, at present, accounts for almost half of the total energy production. The hydropower should also increase two-fold over the same period.

Balat, M. [Sila Science, Trabzon (Turkey)

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Turkey-Solar Energy Training Resources and Documents | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turkey-Solar Energy Training Resources and Documents Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Turkey - Solar Energy Training Resources and Documents Name Turkey - Solar Energy Training...

31

Thailand-National Energy Policy and Development Plan | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-National Energy Policy and Development Plan Thailand-National Energy Policy and Development Plan Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Thailand-National Energy Policy and Development Plan Agency/Company /Organization: Government of Thailand Sector: Energy Topics: Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type: Publications, Case studies/examples Website: www.eppo.go.th/doc/gov-policy-2549/energy-policy-2006.html Program Start: 2006 Country: Thailand UN Region: South-Eastern Asia References: Thailand-Development Plan[1] This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. References ↑ "Thailand-Development Plan" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Thailand-National_Energy_Policy_and_Development_Plan&oldid=384165"

32

Interannual and Interdecadal Variability of Thailand Summer Monsoon Season  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Summer monsoon rains are a critical factor in Thailands water resources and agricultural planning and management. In fact, they have a significant impact on the countrys economic health. Consequently, understanding the variability of the summer ...

Nkrintra Singhrattna; Balaji Rajagopalan; K. Krishna Kumar; Martyn Clark

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

An Update on Ethanol Production and Utilization in Thailand  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Thailand has continued to promote domestic biofuel utilization. Production and consumption of biofuel in Thailand have continued to increase at a fast rate due to aggressive policies of the Thai government in reducing foreign oil import and increasing domestic renewable energy utilization. This paper focuses on ethanol production and consumption, and the use of gasohol in Thailand. The paper is an update on the previous paper--Biofuel Infrastructure Development and Utilization in Thailand--in August 2008.

Bloyd, Cary N.

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Thailand - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Thailand's primary energy consumption is mostly from fossil fuels, accounting for over 80 percent of the country's total energy consumption.

35

US fossil fuel technologies for Thailand  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy has been encouraging other countries to consider US coal and coal technologies in meeting their future energy needs. Thailand is one of three developing countries determined to be a potentially favorable market for such exports. This report briefly profiles Thailand with respect to population, employment, energy infrastructure and policies, as well as financial, economic, and trade issues. Thailand is shifting from a traditionally agrarian economy to one based more strongly on light manufacturing and will therefore require increased energy resources that are reliable and flexible in responding to anticipated growth. Thailand has extensive lignite deposits that could fuel a variety of coal-based technologies. Atmospheric fluidized-bed combustors could utilize this resource and still permit Thailand to meet emission standards for sulfur dioxide. This option also lends itself to small-scale applications suitable for private-sector power generation. Slagging combustors and coal-water mixtures also appear to have potential. Both new construction and refurbishment of existing plants are planned. 18 refs., 3 figs., 7 tabs.

Buehring, W.A.; Dials, G.E.; Gillette, J.L.; Szpunar, C.B.; Traczyk, P.A.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

NPP Tropical Forest: Khao Chong, Thailand  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Khao Chong, Thailand, 1962-1965 Khao Chong, Thailand, 1962-1965 [PHOTOGRAPH] Photograph: Eye-level view of forest interior at Khao Chong (click on the photo to view a series of images from this site) Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Kira, T. 1998. NPP Tropical Forest: Khao Chong, Thailand, 1962-1965. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Productivity of a tropical rain forest was determined at the Khao Chong study site, under the auspices of the Joint Thai-Japanese Biological Expedition to South-East Asia. Biomass increment within a 40 m x 40 m study area for all trees greater than 4.5 cm dbh (diameter at breast height, 130 cm) was monitored between

37

Bangkok, Thailand: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bangkok, Thailand: Energy Resources Bangkok, Thailand: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Bangkok, Thailand Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 1609350 Coordinates 13.753979°, 100.501444° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":13.753979,"lon":100.501444,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

38

Thailand natural-gas project moves ahead  

SciTech Connect

The longest offshore pipeline currently under construction in the world is the 264-mile 34-in. submarine transmission line connecting Union Oil's natural gas production platform in the Gulf of Thailand to the 99-mile 28-in. onshore pipeline being laid from the landfall point to Bangkok. The entire facility will be operating by Sept. 15, 1981. Custody of the gas will be transferred to the Petroleum Authority of Thailand (PTT) at the platform; the gas will pass through a dewpoint-control unit at the shoreline near Rayong and to a mainline pressure-regulation and odor-injection station before it is delivered to the Electricity Generation Authority of Thailand (EGAT) at two power plants, Bang Pakong and South Bangkok.

Knapp-Fisher, R.N.; Paritpokee, S.

1981-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

39

Natural gas deposits of Gulf of Thailand  

SciTech Connect

The rate of success in drilling for oil and gas in the Gulf of Thailand has been increased in a ratio of one to 3 since 1977. Two commercially explorable gas-condensate fields of total estimated reserves up to 5 trillion cu ft have been found. Union field is located in the S. Pattani trough and the Texas Pacific field is situated in the northern portion of the Malay Basin. Several gas and condensate reservoirs have been identified in lower to middle Miocene deltaic sandstones. A 620-km submarine pipeline connecting these fields northward to Sattahip Shore, is planned by the Natural Gas Organization of Thailand. Initial daily gas production of 150 MMCF from Union field is expected to be on stream by January 1981. Pre-tertiary basins in the relinquished areas of the inner Gulf of Thailand are considered to be future petroleum potential basins.

Achalabhuti, C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Thailand: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand: Energy Resources Thailand: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":15,"lon":100,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Turkey's foreign dependence on energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Turkey becomes more dependent on the external countries in energy production every year. As an average of the period 1994-2002 the total primary energy production has been 27.9 Mtoe, and consumption has been 73.06 Mtoe, so Turkey is dependent on external countries in petroleum, natural gas, and hard coal consumption. The external dependency rate of these fuels has been at levels of 89.3%, 96.6%, and 82%, respectively. In the projections of Turkey for 2020, the primary energy consumption is estimated to be 298 Mtoe, production is estimated to be 70 Mtoe, the ratio of production to consumption will be reduced to 23.5%, and this situation will cause serious risks for sustainable development. In other words, Turkey will have to import 76.5% of the energy that it consumes in the 2020s.

Uslu, T. [Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon (Turkey). Dept. of Mining Engineering

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Implications of recent EIA changes in Thailand  

SciTech Connect

The practice of environmental impact assessment (EIA) was implemented in Thailand after the revision of the National Environmental Quality Act in 1978. This led to more than 3,000 EIA documents being prepared and officially submitted up to 1992. More recently, a new act, the Enhancement and Conservation of National Environmental Quality Act, was introduced in 1992. As a consequence, some aspects of environmental legislation have been improved including the EIA process, which is expected to be more effective under the new act. This article examines the development and implementation of the EIA process in Thailand and its effectiveness in the context of its performance as an environmental management tool. The strengths and weaknesses of the EIA process under the original act are analyzed and compared to the new act, using two case studies in order to gain an insight into the EIA system. The first is the Second Stage Expressway in Bangkok, and the second is the Pak Mun Hydroelectric Dam project in Ubon Rachathani, a northeastern province of Thailand. EIAs for these projects were originally submitted according to the requirements of the old act. Both are public projects that have aroused controversy for different environmental reasons, although final decisions have been made facilitating the implementation of these projects. Finally, the article presents some suggestions for improving the content and procedures for the EIA system in Thailand.

Tongcumpou, C. (Inst. of Environmental Research, Bangkok (Thailand)); Harvey, N. (Mawson Graduate Centre for Environmental Studies, Adelaide (Australia))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Energy analysis of selected crops in Thailand  

SciTech Connect

Energy analyses were made for the production of rice, corn and sugarcane crops in Thailand. All on-farm production activities from land preparation to harvesting were included. Energy inputs and yields for all crops were low. The energy returns for all three crops vary from 8 to 9 kilocalories for every kilocalorie put in.

Singh, G.; de Los Reyes, A.A.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Thailand offshore line is longest ever laid  

SciTech Connect

A major natural gas pipeline system, scheduled to be commissioned September 15, 1981, will help transform Thailand into a producer and consumer of natural gas. Construction activities are nearing an end on a total of 360 miles of 34 and 28-in. diam pipelines, including 264 miles of 34-in. underwater pipelines - currently the longest single stretch of offshore pipeline in the world.

Dietsch, D.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Turkey Clean Energy Partnership | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turkey Clean Energy Partnership Turkey Clean Energy Partnership Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Turkey Clean Energy Partnership Name Turkey Clean Energy Partnership Agency/Company /Organization Argonne National Laboratory Partner Turkey's Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, US Trade and Development Agency Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Background analysis Website http://www.anl.gov/Media_Cente Program Start 2009 Country Turkey Western Asia References Argonne National Laboratory [1] Argonne News [2] Abstract The Turkey Clean Energy Partnership, under a clean energy partnership recently announced between Turkey's Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (MENR) and the U.S. Trade and Development Agency (USTDA), Argonne National Laboratory will play a key role in advancing key objectives of the Obama administration by reducing carbon emissions and developing advanced renewable energy technologies.

46

Thailand-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Thailand-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-Climate Technology Fund (CTF) Agency/Company /Organization African Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Inter-American Development Bank, World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Geothermal, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Thailand South-Eastern Asia References Thailand-CTF Investment Plan[1] Thailand-Climate Technology Fund (CTF) Screenshot Overview "The Clean Technology Fund (CTF), one of two Climate Investment Funds, promotes scaled-up financing for demonstration, deployment and transfer of

47

Africa Land Use (1980)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Africa Land Use (1980) image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNLCDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information...

48

HALON ISSUES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES (505) 272 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Brazil Chile Egypt Ghana Jordan Malawi Mexico Phillipines Thailand Tunisia UWWY Zambia ... inventory), Turkey Thailand, ...

2011-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

49

Financial liberalisation and the crisis in Thailand in 1997.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The last two decades have been a critical period for Thailand's development. From the mid 1980s to the beginning of the 1990s, the Thai economy (more)

Hansanti, Songporn Beau

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

GIZ-Thailand-Programme for Developing and Implementing a Climate...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name Thailand - Programme for developing and implementing a climate protection policy AgencyCompany Organization German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ)...

51

Thailand - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual ... Search EIA.gov. ... Thailand's thirst for natural gas is prompting the government to enter political ...

52

Khanom brings gas energy to Southern Thailand  

SciTech Connect

To meet the growing demand for electricity in the south of the country, the Electricity Generating Authority (EGAT) have installed a 660 MW combined cycle on a site at Khanom, Thailand, 100 km north of Nakhorn Si Thammarat on the east coast of the isthmus, and alongside two 75 MW barge-mounted combined cycles which were installed in the early 1980s. This paper discusses the plant design, plans for expansion, and future demand, along with policy issues. 4 figs., 2 tabs.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Thailand gas prospects continue to increase  

SciTech Connect

This article describes Thailand's gas surplus that is occurring after years of energy importation. Between 1975 and 1983, energy consumption increased by 76.8%. At the end of 1983, petroleum accounted for 64% of all energy consumed. Demand was met in part by awarding 96,500 sq. miles offshore for petroleum exploration. As a result, Union Oil Thailand is preparing to produce 500 MMcfgd by the end of the year. Thai officials question whether the country can absorb that much gas. Local demand is expected to rise to over 700 MMcfd by 1990. The way to the development of even more offshore gas was opened when Thailand and Malaysia ended a five year dispute and decided to develop an area claimed by both countries together. The disputed area is thought to contain 14 tcfg, about as much as has been found by Union Oil and Texas Pacific so far. The article discusses other companies that have joined the offshore search as well.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Feasibility of utilizing wind energy in Thailand  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to ascertain the feasibility of utilizing wind energy to meet part of the energy demands related to pumping water and to generating electricity for the rural households in Thailand. The data for this study were divided into three different areas: (1) wind speed data, (2) the wind machine performance data, and (3) the rural energy demand data. The wind machine were divided into two categories of water-pumping windmills and electricity-generating wind machines. Three types of water pumping windmills and one type of electricity-generating wind machine were matched with the wind condition in Thailand. They were the multi-blade rotor, the sailwing rotor model (WE 002), the slow-speed sailwing rotor, and the Aerowatt model (1100 FP5G) respectively. It was concluded that, in Thailand: (1) the multiblade rotor and the sail-wing rotor (WE 002) windmill is suitable for pumping water for domestic use at 43 specified locations; (2) the slow-speed sailwing rotor windmill is suitable for pumping water for small irrigation at 32 specified locations; and (3) the Aerowatt model (1100 GP5G) is suitable for generating electricity for household use at 29 specified locations.

Jamkrajang, M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Alcohol fuel research in Turkey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Turkey, like most of the developing countries of the world, has vast agricultural potential, yet the country is highly dependent on oil imports, which satisfy 90% of its crude oil demand. Since Turkey had an economy based on agriculture, the usage of national resources in the energy field is extremely important. In the first years of the Turkish Republic, in 1931, the usage of national resources as an alternative to conventional fuels became a subject of increasing interest. Since then a lot of research has been conducted, but only a limited amount of application has been realized. Alcohol has always occupied an important place among the alternative fuel studies. The subject has been the scope of some research institute projects and university and government development planning studies. In Turkey, one of the most important studies in this area has been undertaken by the authors` research group in their university. This study is a general review of alcohol usage as an alternative automotive fuel in Turkey. This review includes a short history of the subject, the approach of the government, the research results, possible developments on the subject in the near future, and finally, it concludes with proposals.

Karaosmanoglu, F.; Isigiguer-Erguedenler, A.; Aksoy, H.A. [Istanbul Technical Univ. (Turkey). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Thailand-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative Thailand-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Thailand-WRI Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Project Name Thailand-WRI Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Project Agency/Company /Organization World Resources Institute (WRI) Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -NAMA Resource Type Case studies/examples, Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices, Training materials, Workshop Website http://www.wri.org/mapt Program Start 2011 Country Thailand South-Eastern Asia References Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Project[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Resources 3 Partners 4 References Overview Developing countries are increasingly undertaking mitigation efforts in

57

Thailand-Danish Government Baseline Workstream | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-Danish Government Baseline Workstream Thailand-Danish Government Baseline Workstream Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-Danish Government Baseline Workstream Agency/Company /Organization Danish Government Partner Danish Ministry for Climate, Energy, and Building; The Danish Energy Agency Sector Energy Topics Implementation, Low emission development planning Program Start 2011 Country Thailand South-Eastern Asia References Denmark[1] Overview Progress and Outcomes Capacity building needs identified are lessons learned, challenges and gaps, including those that may be common between countries, and aspects of good practice for assumptions, methodologies and other aspects of baseline setting. References ↑ "Denmark" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Thailand-Danish_Government_Baseline_Workstream&oldid=699937

58

Energy Secretary Bodman in Turkey to Highlight Importance of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Foreign Minister of Turkmenistan. From Turkey, Secretary Bodman will travel to Greece to meet with his Greek counterparts and celebrate the opening of the Turkey-Greece...

59

Development of Sirikit oil field, Thailand  

SciTech Connect

The Sirikit oil field, Thailand's first significant oil find, was discovered in late 1981 by Thai Shell Exploration and Production Company, Ltd., with its second exploration well. After deciding to develop the field (named after Thailand's queen), Thai Shell took only 1 year to design and install the production station, and organize an unconventional evacuation system (road tanker and railway) before oil came on stream in January 1983. A series of facility upgradings kept pace with the production buildup, to a plateau of about 21,000 b/d. The crude oil is waxy (pour point = about 35/sup 0/C), but it is light (40/sup 0/ API) and has an attractive refinery yield. Associated gas is sold to the nearby (specially installed) electricity generating station. Gas compression was commissioned in 1985 to increase utilization of gas, which previously was flared. The agricultural environment dictated the need for cluster drilling of deviated wells, as well as highlighting the importance of good relationships with the local population and authorities. Safety and security are of particular interest. The field is geologically complex, being very faulted in a lacustrine environment and extremely stratified and heterogeneous in reservoir quality. One of two major reservoirs has a gas cap. After some early surprises in delineating the field, a three-dimensional seismic survey was conducted, which better defined the structure and the reserve potential. Nevertheless, parallel appraisal and development continues on a careful step-by-step approach, using the latest production and pressure data to refine the reservoir geologic model. In November 1985, the Petroleum Authority of Thailand became a minority partner, with Shell remaining as operator.

Brooks, J.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Urban household energy use in Thailand  

SciTech Connect

Changes in household fuel and electricity use that accompany urbanization in Third World countries bear large economic and environmental costs. The processes driving the fuel transition, and the policy mechanisms by which it can be influenced, need to be better understood for the sake of forecasting and planning, especially in the case of electricity demand. This study examines patterns of household fuel use and electrical appliance utilization in Bangkok, Chieng Mai and Ayutthaya, Thailand, based on the results of a household energy survey. Survey data are statistically analyzed using a variety of multiple regression techniques to evaluate the relative influence of various household and fuel characteristics on fuel and appliance choice. Results suggest that changes to the value of women's time in urban households, as women become increasingly active in the labor force, have a major influence on patterns of household energy use. The use of the home for small-scale commercial activities, particularly food preparation, also has a significant influence on fuel choice. In general, household income does not prove to be an important factor in fuel and appliance selection in these cities, although income is closely related to total electricity use. The electricity use of individual household appliances is also analyzed using statistical techniques as well as limited direct metering. The technology of appliance production in Thailand is evaluated through interviews with manufacturers and comparisons of product performance. These data are used to develop policy recommendations for improving the efficiency of electrical appliances in Thailand by relying principally on the dynamism of the consumer goods market, rather than direct regulation. The annual electricity savings from the recommended program for fostering rapid adoption of efficient technologies are estimated to reach 1800 GWh by the year 2005 for urban households alone.

Tyler, S.R.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Fluctuation of solar radiation in Thailand  

SciTech Connect

Fluctuations in the daily solar radiation are examined in an unbroken 5-yr sequence of measurements at Bangkok, and are also estimated from daily sunshine measurements at Bangkok and 3 other stations in Thailand. Seasonal effects are shown by separate studies for eight 1/sup 1///sub 2/ month periods of the year defined by standard solar declination values. During the dry season in winter and spring the frequency distribution of daily totals of global solar radiation at Bangkok has a peak near 20 MJ m/sup -2/d/sup -1/ and is skewed towards low values. During the wet season in summer and autumn the distribution is more dispersed. Elsewhere the distributions are similar to those at Bangkok. The time series of daily totals of global solar radiation at Bangkok is analysed as a second order random process. The observed annual frequencies of runs of consecutive days with low radiation at Bangkok are given. There are 32.0 isolated days, 9.4 pairs of days, and 3.4 runs of 3 days per year with radiation less than 12.57 MJ m/sup -2/d/sup -1/. These results are adequately described by the second order theory. The runs are most likely to occur in summer and autumn. Elsewhere in Thailand the annual frequencies of the runs and their seasonal distributions are almost the same as at Bangkok, except that in the south the runs are more likely to occur later in the year.

Exell, R.H.B.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Turkey Geospatial Toolkit | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turkey Geospatial Toolkit Turkey Geospatial Toolkit Dataset Summary Description Developed by NREL and the U.S. Trade and Development Agency, this geographic toolkit that allows users to relate the renewable energy resource (solar and wind) data to other geographic data, such as land use, protected areas, elevation, etc. The GsT was completely redesigned and re-released in November 2010 to provide a more modern, easier-to-use interface with considerably faster analytical querying capabilities. The revised version of the Geospatial Toolkit for Turkey is available using the following link: http://www.nrel.gov/international/downloads/gst_turkey.exe NOTE: Please use the provided link to access the most up to date software package and data. The Turkey GsT data were last updated in January 2011. The attached zip file below is an archive and contains the previous version of the geospatial toolkit executable that has been replaced.

63

Turkey HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Turkey HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration Turkey HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > content > Four-Year Plan > Turkey HEU Removal Turkey HEU Removal Location Turkey United States 38° 26' 50.2044" N, 40° 15' 14.0616" E See map: Google Maps Printer-friendly version Printer-friendly version

64

Thailand-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program Thailand-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program Agency/Company /Organization ICF International, United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Partner USFS, EPA, United States Department of State Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Website http://www.LowEmissionsAsia.or Country Thailand South-Eastern Asia References USAID LEAD Program[1] The Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) program is a regional US Agency for International Development (USAID) activity that supports developing countries in Asia to achieve long-term, transformative development and accelerate sustainable, climate-resilient economic growth while slowing the

65

Thailand-UNEP Risoe Technology Needs Assessment Program | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-UNEP Risoe Technology Needs Assessment Program Thailand-UNEP Risoe Technology Needs Assessment Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-UNEP Risoe-Technology Needs Assessment Program Agency/Company /Organization UNEP-Risoe Centre Sector Energy Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, -Roadmap, Pathways analysis Website http://tech-action.org/ Country Thailand South-Eastern Asia References UNEP Risoe-Technology Needs Assessment Program[1] Abstract UNEP DTIE in collaboration with the UNEP Risoe Centre will provide targeted financial, technical and methodological support to assist a total of 35 to 45 countries to conduct TNA projects Overview "Technology needs assessment (TNA) is a set of country-driven activities that identifies and determines the mitigation and adaptation technology

66

Thailand Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Thailand Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing Countries and the Development of Methods and Instruments for Identifying Reduction Potential and Implementing NAMAs Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing Countries and the Development of Methods and Instruments for Identifying Reduction Potential and Implementing NAMAs Agency/Company /Organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Greenhouse Gas Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Market analysis Website http://www.giz.de/en/ Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country Thailand South-Eastern Asia References Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)[1]

67

Thailand-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) Thailand-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) Agency/Company /Organization United States Agency for International Development Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Biomass, Forestry Topics GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Resource Type Training materials Website http://www.snvworld.org/en/sec Country Thailand South-Eastern Asia References LEAF[1] "Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF), supported by USAID/RDMA, aims to strengthen the capacity of target countries to achieve meaningful and sustained reductions in GHG emissions from the forestry-land use sector while assisting them in benefitting from the emerging international REDD+

68

Thailand-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network Thailand-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Thailand-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Name Thailand-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Agency/Company /Organization Climate Technology Initiative (CTI), United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Partner International Centre for Environmental Technology Transfer Sector Energy Focus Area Agriculture, Biomass, - Biofuels, - Landfill Gas, - Waste to Energy, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -NAMA, -TNA

69

Thailand's offshore results encourage gas development  

SciTech Connect

Thailand, whose efforts to relieve its dependence on costly imported oil by exploring the Gulf of Thailand and Andaman Sea have been hampered by political unrest, is using a new approach of granting blocks of exploration concessions to several international companies. Early strikes indicate a potential supply of high-grade, low-sulfur oil and natural gas condensates. Development is underway by Weeks, Oceanic Exploration, Union Oil, and Esso in the Andaman Sea; Amoco, BP, Tenneco, Sun, Union Oil, Conoco, and Triton in the Gulf of Thailand. Centrally located Singapore is now providing much of the drilling supplies, but Thailand is setting up its own oil-support industry to provide oil well cement, Barite (mud lubricant) and logistical services. Delays in commercial development of the natural gas fields are due to negotiations over foreign investment, prices, customer assurance, and regulatory procedures. The Thai government plans to build a pipeline to connect the gas fields with Bangkok. (DCK)

Budhraja, P.S.

1977-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Natural ventilation : design for suburban houses in Thailand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural Ventilation is the most effective passive cooling design strategy for architecture in hot and humid climates. In Thailand, natural ventilation has been the most essential element in the vernacular architecture such ...

Tantasavasdi, Chalermwat, 1971-

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Thailand: Petroleum and natural gas industry profile. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

The report profiles the petroleum, natural gas, and petrochemical industries in Thailand. It covers: exploration production, consumption, trade, pipelines, industry structure, national energy policy, product marketing, refining, conservation/environmental issues, alternative energy sources, prices, transportation, and commercial opportunities.

1992-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

72

Thailand-Key Results and Policy Recommendations for Future Bioenergy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Policy Recommendations for Future Bioenergy and Policy Recommendations for Future Bioenergy Development Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-Key Results and Policy Recommendations for Future Bioenergy Development Agency/Company /Organization Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Sector Land Focus Area Biomass, Agriculture Topics Co-benefits assessment, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.fao.org/docrep/013/ Country Thailand UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Thailand-Key Results and Policy Recommendations for Future Bioenergy Development[1] Abstract "The Government of Thailand, through its Alternative Energy Development Plan, has set a target to increase biofuel production to five billion

73

High Performance Computing: Needs and Application for Thailand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the overview of High Performance Computing, the required components, and its applications. Current state of the HPC researches and facilities in Thailand has also been reviewed along with the HPC related research conducted in Kasetsart University. In summary, HPC is a technology that has an impact on Thailand competitiveness. Yet, much more qualifed man-power and broader recognition of the field are desparately needed.

Yuen Poovarawan Putchong; Putchong Uthayopas

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Energy and the economy: Soaring development in Thailand  

SciTech Connect

Thailand's economy is one of the fastest growing in the world. Spectacular economic growth has brought a number of growing pains, energy being one of the many notables. Thailand's growth campaign has been fueled by oil, and as the economy shows little sign of slowing, energy use continues to grow. The government must balance a surging economy while scrambling to maintain sufficient energy supplies and infrastructure.

1993-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

75

Petroleum resources of Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, and Thailand  

SciTech Connect

This report presents estimates of the total recoverable crude oil from Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, and Thailand (Thailand is not currently an exporter of petroleum but is included because of its proximity to the South China Sea and its high petroleum potential). Also included is an analysis of potential future rates at which these resources could enter into world markets. However, this analysis does not take into account the possible supply of recoverable resources from nonconventional deposits such as tar sands and oil shale.

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

A survey of e-banking performance in Thailand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The internet is a rather new channel for Thai people to conduct banking activities. An existing model was used to evaluate the performance of internet banking in Thailand. This study reveals that a perception of insufficient security is the main factor ... Keywords: Thailand, banking secutiry, customer service, developing countries, e-banking, e-finance, ease of learning, ease of use, electronic banking, electronic finance, internet banking, online banking, perceived usefulness, performance evaluation, trustworthiness

Vatcharaporn Esichaikul; Paul Janecek

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Africa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Africa Jump to: navigation, search Select a country above to navigate to that country's page....

78

GiraSolar Turkey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product GiraSolar's representation in the Middle East and Mediterranean region, offering installation, engineering, and O&M services for PV systems. References GiraSolar Turkey1...

79

Turkey-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turkey-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Turkey-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Jump to: navigation, search Name Turkey-Climate Technology Fund (CTF) Agency/Company /Organization African Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Inter-American Development Bank, World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Geothermal, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Turkey Western Asia References Turkey-CTF Investment Plan[1] Turkey-Climate Technology Fund (CTF) Screenshot Overview "The Clean Technology Fund (CTF), one of two Climate Investment Funds, promotes scaled-up financing for demonstration, deployment and transfer of

80

Thailand-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Thailand-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) Agency/Company /Organization United States Agency for International Development, United States Environmental Protection Agency, United States Department of Energy, United States Department of Agriculture, United States Department of State Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS Program Start 2010 Program End 2016 Country Thailand

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Gender Equality from a Constitutional Perspective - The Case of Turkey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conditions." Kantaruoglu. "Gender [.quality. '' mpra notej . ) . 1965. JCC 1966 at 10. Gender Equality m Turkey m i1991/8 in JCC(J993>ai 1S5. Gender Equality in Turkey -is

Elver, Hilal

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Turkey opens electricity markets as demand grows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Turkey's growing power market has attracted investors and project developers for over a decade, yet their plans have been dashed by unexpected political or financial crises or, worse, obstructed by a lengthy bureaucratic approval process. Now, with a more transparent retail electricity market, government regulators and investors are bullish on Turkey. Is Turkey ready to turn the power on? This report closely examine Turkey's plans to create a power infrastructure capable of providing the reliable electricity supplies necessary for sustained economic growth. It was compiled with on-the-ground research and extensive interview with key industrial and political figures. Today, hard coal and lignite account for 21% of Turkey's electricity generation and gas-fired plants account for 50%. The Alfin Elbistan-B lignite-fired plant has attracted criticism for its lack of desulfurization units and ash dam facilities that have tarnished the industry's image. A 1,100 MW hard-coal fired plant using supercritical technology is under construction. 9 figs., 1 tab.

McKeigue, J.; Da Cunha, A.; Severino, D. [Global Business Reports (United States)

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

83

ORISE: Radiation Emergency Training for Iraq, South Africa and Morocco  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

International Training International Training REAC/TS Provides International Radiation Emergency Medical Response Training for Emergency Responders In support of the National Nuclear Security Administration's international approach to nuclear and radiological incident response, REAC/TS staff provide training to physicians, nurses and emergency responders in multiple countries each year. REAC/TS has conducted radiation emergency medical response training in Iraq, Kuwait, Morocco, Singapore, South Africa, and Thailand. "As one of the world's primary responders to nuclear and radiological accidents, it's critical that REAC/TS help prepare a variety of health care professionals for the medical management of radiation accidents," said REAC/TS Medical/Technical Director Dr. Albert Wiley. "Our medical

84

Temperature Variability over Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The variation of near-surface air temperature anomalies in Africa between 1979 and 2010 is investigated primarily using Microwave Sounding Unit (MSU) total lower-tropospheric temperature data from the Remote Sensing Systems (RSS) and the ...

Jennifer M. Collins

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Ban Chao Nen scheme gives economic boost to NW Thailand  

SciTech Connect

A major hydroelectric scheme in northwest Thailand is the first of several that could be developed on the Quae Yai River. Not only will it relieve demand for fossil fuel which would otherwise have to be imported, but it will also provide irrigation and social benefits through a well ordered resettlement scheme for families displaced by the creation of a reservoir.

Bhudraja, P.S.

1976-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Thailand-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Thailand-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

87

Turkey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turkey: Energy Resources Turkey: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.963745,"lon":35.243322,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

88

Turkey - Analyzing Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Issues | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turkey - Analyzing Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Issues Turkey - Analyzing Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Issues Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Turkey - Analyzing Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Issues Name Turkey - Analyzing Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Issues Agency/Company /Organization Argonne National Laboratory Partner Turkish Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, Turkish Electricity Transmission-Generation Company Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Background analysis Website http://www.dis.anl.gov/pubs/39 Country Turkey Western Asia References http://www.dis.anl.gov/pubs/39156.pdf Abstract CEEESA trained a team of experts from Turkey's Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (MENR) and the Turkish Electricity Transmission-Generation Company (TEAS) to use various ENPEP modules. CEEESA trained a team of experts from Turkey's Ministry of Energy and

89

Thailand-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy Thailand-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Biomass, - Biofuels, Agriculture Topics Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Resource assessment, Background analysis Website http://www.adb.org/Documents/R Country Thailand UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Thailand-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy[1] Thailand-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy Screenshot Summary "The objectives of this study are to: identify promising areas for investment in the development of the biofuel subsector in Thailand, with due consideration of the country's

90

AfricaAdapt | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AfricaAdapt AfricaAdapt Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Africa Adapt Name Africa Adapt Agency/Company /Organization AfricaAdapt Resource Type Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.africa-adapt.net/AA UN Region Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa References AfricaAdapt[1] Abstract AfricaAdapt is an independent bilingual network (French/English) focused exclusively on Africa. The Network's aim is to facilitate the flow of climate change adaptation knowledge for sustainable livelihoods between researchers, policy makers, civil society organisations and communities who are vulnerable to climate variability and change across the continent. Africa Adapt Screenshot "AfricaAdapt is an independent bilingual network (French/English) focused

91

Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

icon Twitter icon Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and Management Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Africa's Transport Infrastructure...

92

Africa | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa Africa Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. Source U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Date Released July 31st, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Africa direct normal irradiance DNI GEF GHI GIS global horizontal irradiance latitutde tilt irradiance NASA NREL solar SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile and Images (zip, 19.3 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 3.4 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review

93

Thailand-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Thailand-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Thailand-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Name Thailand-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Partner Australia, Denmark, EC, Germany, Japan, Netherlands, Norway Spain, Switzerland, UK, and US Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Baseline projection, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs

94

Electricity generation and distribution in Thailand: policy making, policy actors and conflict in the policy process.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Many analysts have attempted to develop a systematic approach towards understanding the public policy framework in Thailand, and the impact of policies on Thai society (more)

Rattanasak, Thanyawat

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Combined cycle meets Thailand's growing power demands  

SciTech Connect

This article describes how an ample supply of natural gas led the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT) to choose gas-fired combustion turbines. Thailand's rapid industrialization, which began in the late 1980's, placed a great strain on the country's electricity supply system. The demand for electricity grew at an astonishing 14% annually. To deal with diminishing reserve capacity margins, the EGAT announced, in 1988, a power development program emphasizing gas-fired combined cycle power plants. Plans included six 320-MW combined cycle blocks at three sites, and an additional 600-MW gas- and oil-fired thermal plant at Bang Pakong. As electricity demand continued to increase, EGAT expanded its plans to include two additional 320-MW combined cycle blocks, a 600-MW combined cycle block, and a 650-MW gas- and oil-fired thermal plant. All are currently in various stages of design and construction.

Sheets, B.A. (Black and Veatch, Kansas City, MO (United States)); Takabut, K. (Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand, Nonthaburi (Thailand))

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Country Energy Profile, South Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This country energy profile provides energy and economic information about South Africa. Areas covered include: Economics, demographics, and environment; Energy situation; Energy structure; Energy investment opportunities; Department of Energy (DOE) programs in South Africa; and a listing of International aid to South Africa.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Development of the Erawan gas field, Gulf of Thailand  

SciTech Connect

Erawan gas field is the first major domestic source of hydrocarbons available for industrial development in Thailand. The field has multiple producing facilities that are installed simultaneously and exemplify a tailored design to accommodate current market conditions in vendor and fabrication shops. Equipment modules and their complexity are adjusted to take advantage of workload, labor prices, and steel prices in different countries, which enables both a rapid schedule and significant cost savings.

Clapp, T.W.; Lower, G.D.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Development of San Kamphaeng Geothermal Energy Project in Thailand  

SciTech Connect

San Kamphaeng Geothermal Field located in northern Thailand, has been selected for a case study and exploration drilling program due to relevant geologic data obtained from the area and favorable sociological conditions. The first geothermal exploration well in Thailand, GTE-1, was commenced at the end of 1981. At present, six geothermal exploration wells (GTE-1 to GTE-6), with an average maximum depth of 500 m., have been drilled. Two wells encountered hot water while the rest are dry. GTE-2 is now discharging hot water of 85C with a very small discharge. GTE-6 encountered hot water of 120C at a depth of 489 m. It is now discharging hot water of 104SC at 3.6 bars pressure and at approximately 4 1/s at the well head. A number of shallow wells, with depths of less than 50 m., were drilled in the thermal manifestation area. Here, resistivity surveys showed relatively low values at shallow depths, suggesting possible zones of thermal water accumulation. Five shallow wells encountered hot water with temperatures ranging from 100C to 130C. A reservoir model of the San Kamphaeng geothermal system is proposed. Under the joint technical program between the governments of Thailand and Japan, a deep exploration well of 1500 m. is scheduled to start in July of 1984.

Ramingwong, T.; Praserdvigai, S.

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

USAID West Africa Climate Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

West Africa Climate Program West Africa Climate Program Jump to: navigation, search Name USAID West Africa Climate Program Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Forestry, Agriculture Topics Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Ghana, Togo, Benin, Senegal, Niger, Nigeria, Mali, Liberia, Gambia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Sierra Leone, Mauritania, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Cameroon, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Chad, Sao Tome and Principe, Cape Verde Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Middle Africa, Middle Africa, Middle Africa, Middle Africa, Middle Africa, Western Africa

100

Integration in energy and transport amongst Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A limited process of integration has been occurring amongst the countries of Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Turkey. From the mid-1990s to 2008, integration amongst the three (more)

Petersen, Alexandros

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Turkey - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gas Import and export rights would be transferred to private companies under this ... Liquefied natural gas. Turkey imports LNG from five countries ...

102

Turkey - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Exploration and production. Turkey produces a very small amount of natural gas, with the total production amounting to 27 billion cubic feet (Bcf) in 2011.

103

Countries Turkey Overview - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Pipeline (BTC) is Turkey's longest pipeline, and runs approximately 1,100 miles. Its original capacity was 1 million bbl/d, ...

104

Estimating the Value of an Energy Exchange For Turkey.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The new Electricity Market Law of Turkey was enacted very recently in March 2013. The law builds the legal framework for the establishment on an (more)

Kurucak, Abdurrahman

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Turkey - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

What is shale gas and why is ... OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet; World Oil Transit ... Concurrent with Turkey's economic expansion, its crude oil consumption has increased ...

106

Ankara, Turkey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ankara, Turkey: Energy Resources Ankara, Turkey: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 323786 Coordinates 39.91987°, 32.85427° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.91987,"lon":32.85427,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

107

Turkey Track Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Track Wind Farm Track Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Turkey Track Wind Farm Facility Turkey Track Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner CanTex Energy Developer Wind Tex Energy LP Location Nolan TX Coordinates 32.23182529°, -100.043478° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.23182529,"lon":-100.043478,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

108

Wildcat tests structure in northwest Turkey  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that in January, Aladdin Middle East Ltd. spudded 1 Cinarli, a wildcat on the western margin of the Sea of Marmara in the area of some of the earliest documented oil and gas shows in Turkey. Aladdin and an affiliate, Transmediterranean Oil Co., moved Aladdin Rig No. 5, an Ideco Rambler H-1000, and all ancillary gear and camp equipment more than 1,000 miles by road and rail from Diyarbakir in Southeast Turkey to the drill site in Thrace in the far Northwest. The well will test an anticline identified as early as the 1930s in a region with several other exploratory prospects where past drilling has never tested a prospect with four-way dip closure. Aladdin and Transmediterranean are involved in some 600,000 acres around the 2 Cinarli wildcat.

Durkee, E.F. (Aladdin Middle East Ltd., Ankara (TR))

1992-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

109

Modelling and forecasting tourism from East Asia to Thailand under temporal and spatial aggregation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tourism is one of the key service industries in Thailand, with a 5.27% share of Gross Domestic Product in 2003. Since 2000, international tourist arrivals, particularly those from East Asia, to Thailand have been on a continuous upward trend. Tourism ... Keywords: Autoregressive integrated moving average, Forecast, Spatial aggregation, Tourism

Chia-Lin Chang; Songsak Sriboonchitta; Aree Wiboonpongse

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Thailand-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 Thailand-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 Agency/Company /Organization National Institute for Environmental Studies Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning Website http://2050.nies.go.jp/LCS/ind Program Start 2009 Country Thailand UN Region Eastern Asia References 2050 Low-Carbon Society Scenarios (LCSs)[1] National and Local Scenarios National and local scenarios available from the activity webpage: http://2050.nies.go.jp/LCS/index.html References ↑ "2050 Low-Carbon Society Scenarios (LCSs)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Thailand-NIES_Low-Carbon_Society_Scenarios_2050&oldid=700318" Category: Programs

111

GIZ-Thailand-Programme for Developing and Implementing a Climate Protection  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-Programme for Developing and Implementing a Climate Protection Thailand-Programme for Developing and Implementing a Climate Protection Policy Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand - Programme for developing and implementing a climate protection policy Agency/Company /Organization German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) Partner on behalf of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Low emission development planning Website http://www.gtz.de/en/themen/28 Program Start 2009 Program End 2012 Country Thailand South-Eastern Asia References Development and Implementation of Climate Policy[1] Overview The ability to develop and implement a climate protection policy in Thailand must be restored. Capacity development activities will target the

112

Thailand-National Energy Efficiency Plan and Evidence-based Mitigation  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-National Energy Efficiency Plan and Evidence-based Mitigation Thailand-National Energy Efficiency Plan and Evidence-based Mitigation Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name GIZ-Thailand-National energy efficiency plan as a core element for an activity- and evidence-based mitigation strategy Agency/Company /Organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Technology characterizations Website http://www.gtz.de/en/themen/28 Program End 2015 Country Thailand South-Eastern Asia References Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH[1] Program Overview The project will support the formulation and implementation of a national energy efficiency plan for Thailand, with the aim of tapping efficient and

113

Estimation of global solar radiation using ANN over Turkey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main objective of the present study is to develop an artificial neural network (ANN) model based on multi-nonlinear regression (MNLR) method for estimating the monthly mean daily sum global solar radiation at any place of Turkey. For this purpose, ... Keywords: Artificial neural networks, Estimation, Global solar radiation, Stepwise multi-nonlinear regression, Turkey

Muammer Ozgoren; Mehmet Bilgili; Besir Sahin

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Modelling of Turkey's net energy consumption using artificial neural network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main goal of this study is to develop the equations for forecasting net energy consumption (NEC) using artificial neural network (ANN) technique in order to determine the future level of the energy consumption in Turkey. Two different models ... Keywords: Turkey, artificial neural networks, energy forecasting, energy sources, estimation, gross generation, net energy consumption

Adnan Sozen; Erol Arcaklioglu; Mehmet Ozkaymak

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Municipal solid waste to electricity in Bangkok, Thailand (prefeasibility study)  

SciTech Connect

Recognizing the problem of municipal waste disposal in Bangkok and the potential for energy recovery, the Royal Government of Thailand requested the US Trade and Development Program (TDP) to provide assistance in conducting an initial assessment of the potential options for managing Bangkok's waste disposal problem. Before undertaking a detailed feasibility study of a relatively attractive option for municipal solid waste (MSW) disposal in Bangkok, the Thai government wanted to determine whether a project for waste disposal and energy recovery could be developed with the involvement of the private sector such that over time the project could be totally owned and operated in the private domain. In response to the request made by the National Energy Administration (NEA) and Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA), TDP asked Engineering and Economics Research Inc. (EER) to send a team of consultants to conduct a definitional study to make a preliminary assessment of a municipal waste solid disposal system which recovers energy in conjunction with the treatment/disposal of waste in an environmentally safe manner. The consultants visited Thailand for a period of 3 weeks and worked with officials from NEA and BMA.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Potential of biomass residue availability; The case of Thailand  

SciTech Connect

An acute shortage of fuel wood and charcoal prevails in many developing countries. A logical approach to the problem places emphasis on the development of alternative energy sources, including use of biomass residues. An assessment of the potential of biomass residues for energy and other uses calls for an estimation of their annual production. Also, because the residues are normally bulky they should be utilized near their place of origin whenever possible to avoid high transportation costs. Thus knowledge of the total national generation of residues per year does not provide enough information for planning residue utilization. This article illustrates a method of residue estimation that takes the case of Thailand as an example. It presents the annual generation of nine agricultural resides (paddy husk, paddy straw, bagasse, cotton stalk, corn cob, groundnut shell, cassava stalk and coconut husk and shell) and one forestry residue (sawdust) in different agroeconomic zones and regions of Thailand. The methodology used for the investigation of crop-to-residue ratios is outlined. The annual generation figures for the different residues along with observations about their traditional uses are presented.

Bhattacharya, S.C.; Shrestha, R.M.; Ngamkajornvivat, S. (Energy Technology Div., Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok 10501 (TH))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

High Energy Instrumentation Efforts in Turkey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work summarizes the efforts in Turkey to build a laboratory capable of building and testing high energy astrophysics detectors that work in space. The EC FP6 ASTRONS project contributed strongly to these efforts, and as a result a fully operational laboratory at Sabanci University have been developed. In this laboratory we test and develop Si and CdZnTe based room temperature semiconductor strip detectors and develop detector and electronics system to be used as a payload on potential small Turkish satellites.

Kalemci, Emrah [Sabanci University, Tuzla, Istanbul (Turkey)

2011-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

118

Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions from Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Africa Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions from Africa Graph graphic Graphics Data graphic Data What countries constitute Africa? Map of Africa Trends Africa's fossil-fuel CO2 emissions are...

119

Africa - CCS capacity building | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa - CCS capacity building Africa - CCS capacity building Jump to: navigation, search Name Africa - CCS capacity building Agency/Company /Organization Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands Partner EECG Consultants, the University of Maputo, the Desert Research Foundation Namibia and the South Africa New Energy Research Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Conventional Energy Resource Type Training materials Website http://www.ccs-africa.org/ Program Start 2010 Program End 2011 Country Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia UN Region "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

120

Thailand-Enhancing Low-carbon Development by Greening the Economy: Policy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-Enhancing Low-carbon Development by Greening the Economy: Policy Thailand-Enhancing Low-carbon Development by Greening the Economy: Policy Dialogue, Advisory Services, Benchmarking Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-Enhancing Low-carbon Development by Greening the Economy: Policy Dialogue, Advisory Services, Benchmarking Agency/Company /Organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Program Start 2011 Program End 2014 Country Thailand South-Eastern Asia References Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)[1] Program Overview The project will promote Green Economy in developing countries and emerging economies as a realistic approach towards low-carbon development. It will

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Thailand-NAMA Programme for the Construction Sector in Asia | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-NAMA Programme for the Construction Sector in Asia Thailand-NAMA Programme for the Construction Sector in Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-NAMA Programme for the Construction Sector in Asia Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Buildings, Industry Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Market analysis Website http://www.unep.org/sbci/pdfs/ Program End 2017 Country Thailand South-Eastern Asia References Buildings and Climate Change[1] Program Overview This project will support countries to develop Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA) for the building sector. The NAMAs will be developed and apply common MRV methodologies for buildings in line with work by CDM and UNEP/ISO. NAMA will deliver significant GHG emission

122

Thailand-Low Carbon Asia Research Network (LoCARNet) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-Low Carbon Asia Research Network (LoCARNet) Thailand-Low Carbon Asia Research Network (LoCARNet) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Thailand-Low Carbon Asia Research Network (LoCARNet) Name Thailand-Low Carbon Asia Research Network (LoCARNet) Agency/Company /Organization Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) Partner Japan Ministry of Environment Sector Climate, Energy, Land Focus Area Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Hydrogen, Industry, Land Use, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Wind Topics Background analysis, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Website http://lcs-rnet.org/about_loca Program Start 2012

123

GIZ-Thailand-National energy efficiency plan as a core element for an  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-National energy efficiency plan as a core element for an Thailand-National energy efficiency plan as a core element for an activity- and evidence-based mitigation strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name GIZ-Thailand-National energy efficiency plan as a core element for an activity- and evidence-based mitigation strategy Agency/Company /Organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Technology characterizations Website http://www.gtz.de/en/themen/28 Program End 2015 Country Thailand South-Eastern Asia References Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH[1] Program Overview The project will support the formulation and implementation of a national

124

Results of On-Top Glaciogenic Cloud Seeding in Thailand. Part I: The Demonstration Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Randomized, cold-cloud, rain-enhancement experiments were carried out during 199198 in the Bhumibol catchment area in northwestern Thailand. Exploratory experimentation in 1991 and 1993 suggested increases in rainfall from seeding. A ...

William L. Woodley; Daniel Rosenfeld; Bernard A. Silverman

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Results of On-Top Glaciogenic Cloud Seeding in Thailand. Part II: Exploratory Analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Randomized, cold-cloud, rain-enhancement experiments were carried out during 199198 in the Bhumibol catchment area in northwestern Thailand. Exploratory experimentation in 1991 and 1993 was followed by a demonstration experiment, limited to A-...

William L. Woodley; Daniel Rosenfeld; Bernard A. Silverman

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Appropriate technology water treatment processes for MaeLa Temporary Shelter, Thailand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis recommends the use of horizontal-flow roughing filters to treat spring water of variable annual quality in MaeLa Temporary Shelter, Thailand. The public drinking water system for 45,000 refugees is overseen by ...

Vater, Katherine Ann

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Results of the Thailand Warm-Cloud Hygroscopic Particle Seeding Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A randomized, warm-rain enhancement experiment was carried out during 199598 in the Bhumibol catchment area in northwestern Thailand. The experiment was conducted in accordance with a randomized, floating singletarget design. The seeding ...

Bernard A. Silverman; Wathana Sukarnjanaset

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Lower-Stratospheric and Upper-Tropospheric Disturbances Observed by Radiosondes over Thailand during January 2000  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lower-stratospheric and upper-tropospheric disturbances over Thailand during 1221 January 2000 were studied using the Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX) Asian Monsoon Experiment-Tropics (GAME-T) intensive rawinsonde observations ...

Shin-Ya Ogino; Kaoru Sato; Manabu D. Yamanaka; Akira Watanabe

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

U.S. Imports from Thailand of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Imports from Thailand of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1993: 458: 245: 115: 423: 432 ...

130

Total and organic mercury in marine fish of the upper gulf of Thailand  

SciTech Connect

In 1975, the total mercury contents in fish of the gulf of Thailand reportedly ranged from 0 to 0.58 ppM. In a recent study, traces of total mercury were found in the marine food chain, which tend to increase at higher trophic levels and according to the animal's size. As Thailand is one of the countries where the nationwide fish consumption is comparatively high, further study on the contamination of organic mercury in fish is essential.

Cheevaparanapivat, V.; Menasveta, P.

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

ecosystem in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. The principal mechanisms that connect carbon fluxes with water relations in savanna ecosystems were studied by using eddy covariance method in a savanna ecosystem at Kruger National Park, South Africa. Since the annual drought and rewetting cycle is a major factor influencing the function of savanna ecosystems, this work focused on the close inter-connection between water relations and carbon fluxes. Data from a nine-month measuring campaign lasting from the early wet season to the late dry season were used. Total ecosystem respiration showed highest values at the onset of the growing season, a slightly lower plateau during the main part of the growing season and a continuous decrease during the transition towards the dry season. The regulation of canopy conductance was changed in two ways: changes due to phenology during the course of the

W. L. Kutsch; N. Hanan; B. Scholes; I. Mchugh; W. Kubheka; H. Eckhardt; C. Williams

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

An Energy Overview of the Kingdom of Thailand  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The DOE Office of Fossil Energy is maintaining a web site that is meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consists of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There are also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these is a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Thailand. The site is designed to be dynamic. Updates to the overviews will be made as need and resource s permit.

anon.

2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

133

An Energy Overview of the Kingdom of Thailand  

SciTech Connect

The DOE Office of Fossil Energy is maintaining a web site that is meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consists of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There are also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these is a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Thailand. The site is designed to be dynamic. Updates to the overviews will be made as need and resource s permit.

anon.

2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

134

BBSLA - South Africa (031910) English (Global Version ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BBSLA - South Africa (031910) English (Global Version 031010) 1 BLACKBERRY SOLUTION LICENSE AGREEMENT PLEASE READ THIS ...

135

Secretary Bodman Celebrates the Opening of the Turkey-Greece  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Celebrates the Opening of the Turkey-Greece Celebrates the Opening of the Turkey-Greece Inter-Connector Secretary Bodman Celebrates the Opening of the Turkey-Greece Inter-Connector November 18, 2007 - 4:31pm Addthis Pipeline ushers first link between gas suppliers of Central Asia and European consumers KIPI CROSSING, GREECE - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today celebrated the opening of the Turkey-Greece Inter-Connector (TGI) pipeline, ushering the first link between the gas suppliers of Central Asia and the consumers of Europe. This pipeline will expand the region's oil and gas infrastructure and increase the diversity of energy sources and suppliers. During the TGI's groundbreaking ceremony, Secretary Bodman congratulated Turkish and Greek leaders for their commitment to opening up the European

136

Defense implications of a nuclear Iran for Turkey .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Iran's possible acquisition of nuclear weapons along with more assertive Iranian foreign policies poses new security challenges for Turkey in the Middle East. A nuclear-weapons-capable (more)

Arslan, Erkan.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Investigation of Surface Duct Conditions over Istanbul, Turkey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A comprehensive examination of 2 yr of radiosonde data to determine the surface duct conditions over Istanbul (4N, 29E), Turkey, was made. The refractivity of the atmosphere is a function of air temperature and water vapor pressure. Any ...

?Sibel Mentes; Zerefsan Kaymaz

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Effects of recombinant turkey interferon-gamma on development of immunity to coccidia in neonatal turkeys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our interest in gut immunity in commercial poultry led to investigation of the effects of recombinant turkey interferon-gamma (rtIFN?) on parameters of immunity to avian coccidia. In vitro experiments consisted of exposing baby hamster kidney cells (BHK) to increasing concentrations of rtIFN? and measuring subsequent Eimeria tenella (ET) sporozoite invasion in short-term culture. In experiment 1 (EXP 1), when BHK were pretreated with rtIFN? in cell culture medium 45 min prior to the addition of sporozoites to confluent monolayers, ET invasion was significantly reduced. During EXP 2, these reductions were not observed when BHK were pretreated with rtIFN? for 48 hours prior to sporozoite addition. In vivo investigation consisted of three independent experiments (EXP 3, 4, or 5) over time in which rtIFN? was administered to turkey poults one day post-hatch by intraperitoneal injection 30 min prior to per os challenge with Eimeria adenoeides (EA). In EXP 4 and 5, neonatal turkeys received a second challenge with EA on day 21 of age to test for potential adjuvant effects of rtIFN? while immunizing poults with EA by primary challenge. When evaluating body weight gain in the three experiments, improvement in gain following primary challenge was associated (P<.05) with rtIFN? administration in poults challenged with EA as compared to poults challenged with EA alone in EXP 3 and 4, but not EXP 5. Body weight gain 6 days post-secondary challenge in EXP 4 and 5 was not different between neonatal turkeys receiving rtIFN? + EA or turkeys receiving EA alone. Similar effects were seen with regard to gross lesion formation. In EXP 3 and 4, protective effects were observed in poults receiving EA + rtIFN? 6 days post-primary challenge. These positive effects of rtIFN? administration were not observed following secondary EA challenge in EXP 4 or following either primary or secondary challenge in EXP 5. In EXP 3, 4, and 5, mortality was higher (P<.05) in poults receiving both EA and rtIFN? when compared to poults receiving EA alone following primary challenge, but not secondary challenge, as significant differences in mortality were not observed in the older animals.

Beltran, Ruben

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Skills, human resource management and the Toyota production system (TPS): the case of Toyota Motor Thailand (TMT).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study investigates the implementation of the Toyota Production System (TPS) at Toyota Motor Thailand (TMT). Rather than being uniquely ?best practice?, the TPS is (more)

Weerasombat, Thunyalak

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Mesoscale Convective Complexes in Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Digitized full-disk infrared satellite imagery from the European geostationary satellite (Meteosat) for 1986 and 1987 was used to construct a climatology of mesoscale convective complexes (MCCs) in Africa One hundred ninety-five systems formed ...

Arlene G. Laing; J. Michael Fritsch

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Africa: Private Power's Next Frontier?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There might seem to be ample economic gloom and doom to support the old notion that much of Africa is a 'basket case' with no real hope of escaping from its sub-economic cellblock. But such a view may be misguided as we witness the creation of many of the building blocks for real, sustainable economic progress in much of Africa, including programs for serious expansions in electricity infrastructure. (author)

Lock, Reinier

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

142

Africa Data Dissemination Service | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa Data Dissemination Service Africa Data Dissemination Service Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Africa Data Dissemination Service Agency/Company /Organization: United States Geological Survey, U.S. Agency for International Development Sector: Land Resource Type: Dataset, Maps, Software/modeling tools Website: igskmncnwb015.cr.usgs.gov/adds/ UN Region: "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

143

IFC-Lighting Africa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IFC-Lighting Africa IFC-Lighting Africa Jump to: navigation, search Logo: IFC-Lighting Africa Name IFC-Lighting Africa Agency/Company /Organization International Finance Corporation (IFC) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Website http://www.lightingafrica.org/ References IFC-Lighting Africa[1] "Lighting Africa, a joint IFC and World Bank program, is helping develop commercial off-grid lighting markets in Sub-Saharan Africa as part of the World Bank Group's wider efforts to improve access to energy. Lighting Africa is mobilizing the private sector to build sustainable markets to provide safe, affordable, and modern off-grid lighting to 2.5 million people in Africa by 2012 and to 250 million people by 2030."

144

A Snapshot Of Geothermal Energy Potential And Utilization In Turkey | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Snapshot Of Geothermal Energy Potential And Utilization In Turkey Snapshot Of Geothermal Energy Potential And Utilization In Turkey Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Snapshot Of Geothermal Energy Potential And Utilization In Turkey Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Turkey is one of the countries with significant potential in geothermal energy. It is estimated that if Turkey utilizes all of her geothermal potential, she can meet 14% of her total energy need (heat and electricity) from geothermal sources. Therefore, today geothermal energy is an attractive option in Turkey to replace fossil fuels. Besides, increase in negative effects of fossil fuels on the environment has forced many countries, including Turkey, to use renewable energy sources. Also, Turkey

145

Effects of hunting and season of fire on wild turkey populations in South Carolina.  

SciTech Connect

This report assesses impacts to wild turkey populations from hunting and prescribed fire. The objectives of the study were as follows: (1) To compare survival rates and causes of mortality of wild turkey gobblers between hunted and unhunted populations; (2) To determine the effects of dormant versus growing season prescribed burns on nesting success, survival and habitat use of wild turkey hens; (3) To determine the effects of dormant versus growing season prescribed burns on the availability of wild turkey plant foods.

Moore, William, F.; Kilgo, John, C.; Guynn, David, C.; Davis, James, R.

2002-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

146

Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and Management Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and Management Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Complexity/Ease of Use: Not Available Website: www.infrastructureafrica.org/system/files/Africa%27s%20Transport%20Inf Transport Toolkit Region(s): Africa & Middle East Related Tools The BEST Experiences with Bioethanol Buses The Sourcebook on Sustainable Urban Transport Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center ... further results Find Another Tool FIND TRANSPORTATION TOOLS Transport infrastructure is a key requirement for economic growth. In Africa today, networks are sparse, conditions poor, transit slow and

147

NPP Grassland: Towoomba, South Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Towoomba, South Africa, 1949-1990 Towoomba, South Africa, 1949-1990 [PHOTOGRAPH] Photograph: General view of study site at Towoomba (click on the photo to view a larger image from this site). Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Scholes, R. J. 1998. NPP Grassland: Towoomba, South Africa, 1949-1990. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Productivity of an artificially-established grass savanna was monitored at the Towoomba study site, under a long-term experiment to test the long-term effect of fertilizer application. Peak above-ground biomass was monitored for each treatment, from 1950 to the present. The Towoomba agricultural research station (24.90 S 28.35 E) is situated

148

NPP Grassland: Nylsvley, South Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nylsvley, South Africa, 1974-1989 Nylsvley, South Africa, 1974-1989 [PHOTOGRAPH] Photograph: Fine-leaved savanna at Nylsvley (click on the photo to view a series of images from this site). Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Scholes, R. J. 1997. NPP Grassland: Nylsvley, South Africa, 1974-1989. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Productivity of a broad-leaved savanna, which includes a substantial grass component (i.e. 60-70% of cover), was monitored from 1974 to the present at the Nylsvley study site, under the South African Savanna Biome Programme. The Nylsvley study site (24.65 S 28.70 E) is situated 200 km north of Johannesburg, near the town of Nylstroom. The 800 hectare savanna research

149

The AfricaSouth America Intercontinental Teleconnection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of heating over Africa on the South American precipitation climatology, and the influence of South America on Africa, is examined through the application of GCM simulations with idealized boundary conditions and perpetual solstice (...

K. H. Cook; J-S. Hsieh; S. M. Hagos

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

SIM Senior Policy Makers Dialogue Forum 5 6 No ember 2009 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... South Africa 5 Chainarong Director for Chemical Metrology and Thailand Panelists 2 5 Chainarong ... and Biometry NIMT Thailand Panelists 14 ...

2012-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

151

Thailand-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Thailand-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

152

Short cut for Japan's oil. [Canal across Thailand's Kra Isthmus  

SciTech Connect

Dependence of Japan, Thailand, and other countries in the area on oil and LNG imports from the Middle East has led to a reexamination of a long-standing idea to build a canal across Thailand's Kra Isthmus. Besides relieving congestion in shipping lanes around Singapore, it would contribute significantly to the economic development of southern Thailand and reduce transport costs of vital fuel supplies. Such a canal project could result in further economies from greater ship use and would entirely change the maritime map of Southeast Asia, as a number of important ports of call for world shipping which lie between Arabian and Northeast Pacific waters are too small for the giant tankers. In spite of the fact that various surveys were conducted jointly by Japanese and Thai authorities to choose the optimum location for the canal, the project appears to be shelved for the time being, owing to very heavy investments and various other factors involved. (MCW)

1976-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

EUDEEP (Smart Grid Project) (Turkey) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turkey) Turkey) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EUDEEP Country Turkey Coordinates 38.963745°, 35.24332° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.963745,"lon":35.24332,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

154

A Pleistocene, Pyroclastic-Poor Maar From Central Anatolia, Turkey-  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pleistocene, Pyroclastic-Poor Maar From Central Anatolia, Turkey- Pleistocene, Pyroclastic-Poor Maar From Central Anatolia, Turkey- Influence Of A Local Fault On A Phreatomagmatic Eruption Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Pleistocene, Pyroclastic-Poor Maar From Central Anatolia, Turkey- Influence Of A Local Fault On A Phreatomagmatic Eruption Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: In central Anatolia, the Late Pleistocene Narkoy maar formed on a fault zone. A 5-m-thick pyroclastic succession erupted from a crater 900 m in diameter. The presence of gas fumeroles, hot springs, and hydrothermal alteration zones indicates that the area is geothermally active. The products of the maar are large blocks and lapilli to coarse ash. Planar bedding and cross-stratification are well developed within coarse ash beds.

155

Foreign operators' oil and gas E and D action in Thailand gathering speed  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on the pace of foreign operators' exploration and development campaigns in Thailand. A rapidly growing economy is spurring sharp growth in oil and gas demand in Thailand. Correspondingly the Thai government recently embarked on an ambitious energy program that focuses on increasing oil and gas production, expanding gas utilization, and building gas supply ties with neighboring countries. Key to the success of the domestic E D push has been the government's ability to attract foreign investment in Thai E D. although progress is sometimes slow in coming amid tough negotiations, efforts to improve contract terms are yielding green lights for key projects.

1991-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

156

Exploration pace slated to pick up on 13th round acreage in Thailand  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that Thailand is about to see a major surge in exploration by foreign companies the next 3 years. With the tentative award of 33 petroleum concessions this summer, 17 companies are posed to spend at least $150 million for exploration during an initial 3 year obligation period, the Prakong Polahan, deputy director general of the Department of Mineral Resources. The 13th round of bidding resulted in a flurry of interest that contrasts with a slowing of the exploration pace in Thailand in recent years. Few new companies have tried to enter the Thai exploration scene in recent years, and most companies operating existing concessions had completed obligation work.

1991-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

157

Survey of the possible use of windpower in Thailand and the Philippines  

SciTech Connect

This work was performed in an attempt to answer the question: 'Could windpower be used by the peasant farmer in Thailand or the Philippines to improve the quality of his life.' It was found that windpower was being used to a very limited extent in Thailand to move water, thus relieving either a backbreaking manual labor task, or a very expensive out-of-pocket expenditure for fuel for engine driven pumps. No evidence of existing wind pumping could be found in the Philippines.

Heronemus, W.E.

1974-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Industrial waste water in Bangkok, Thailand: Definitional mission report. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

A definitional mission visited Thailand between February 1 and 7, 1992 to study the market opportunities for US manufacturers in providing pollution control equipment. Thailand presently lacks industrial machinery required for pollution control equipment. Consequently, this equipment must be imported for both industrial and municipal waste treatment facilities. The US has both the applicable technology and manufactured goods to serve the market. There is, however, stiff competition from Europe and especially Japan, who offer financial assistance at preferential rates for these types of projects.

Pfrang, W.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Emerging nuclear programs in Asia: The Phillipines, Thailand, Indonesia, and Pakistan  

SciTech Connect

This article is a review of the potential for nuclear energy development in the developing nations of Pakistan, Indonesia, Thailand, and the Philippines. In each country, there is a substantial need for new generating capacity, and each is exploring the idea of having nuclear energy supply a meaningful portion of this new capacity. Of the four countries, only Pakistan is currently a nuclear operator, and one vintage CANDU plant in operation and the Chashma unit under construction. Thailand and Indonesia have ambitious plans to have 12 reactors in service by the year 2015.

Williams, M.L.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Fluidized bed combustor 50 MW thermal power plant, Krabi, Thailand. Feasibility study. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

The report presents the results of a study prepared by Burns and Roe for the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand to examine the technical feasibility and economic attractiveness for building a 50 MW Atmospheric Fluidized Bed Combustion lignite fired power plant at Krabi, southern Thailand. The study is divided into seven main sections, plus an executive summary and appendices: (1) Introduction; (2) Atmospheric Fluidized Bed Combustion Technology Overview; (3) Fuel and Limestone Tests; (4) Site Evaluation; (5) Station Design and Arrangements; (6) Environmental Considerations; (7) Economic Analysis.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Transmission Management in the Aftermath of Electricity Restructuring in Turkey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In moving toward restructuring, transmission expansion planning is a major challenge. The authors offer a general perspective on TEP issues, then address the specific challenges in Turkey and propose several strategies toward managing physical and financial risks in that country. (author)

Tor, Osman Bulent; Shahidehpour, Mohammad

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

162

Universal service in Turkey: Recent developments and a critical assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The meaning of universal service in telecommunications has changed considerably in the last decade. Technological advances have created the necessity to redefine the legal framework. While the demand for old universal services falls, new and wider services ... Keywords: Convergence, Regulation, Turkey, Universal service

Fuat O?Uz

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Alternative energy resources: study of rural application possibilities in Turkey  

SciTech Connect

Rural application possibilities of solar energy, including wind and biogas, in Turkey are undertaken. A solar market survey is presented. Economic viabilities of hot water heating, passive house heating, water pumping by thermodynamic means and solar pond applications are drawn. The emphasis is on settlements far from the electricity network and for which the diesel may not be economic. 10 refs.

Aybers, N.; Yarman, T.; Ozil, E.; Ogelman, H.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Swarm intelligence approaches to estimate electricity energy demand in Turkey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes two new models based on artificial bee colony (ABC) and particle swarm optimization (PSO) techniques to estimate electricity energy demand in Turkey. ABC and PSO electricity energy estimation models (ABCEE and PSOEE) are developed ... Keywords: Ant colony optimization, Artificial bee colony, Electricity energy estimation, Particle swarm optimization, Swarm intelligence

Mustafa Servet K?Ran; Eren Zceylan; Mesut GNdZ; Turan Paksoy

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Florida Nuclear Profile - Turkey Point - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

snpt3fl621 693 5,356 88.2 PWR 5,950 98.0 1,386 11,305 93.1 Turkey Point Unit Type Data for 2010 PWR = Pressurized Light Water Reactor. Note: Totals ...

166

Perspectives of citizens towards e-government in Thailand and Indonesia: A multigroup analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thailand and Indonesia are two developing countries still in the early stages of e-government implementation. An understanding of their citizens' perspectives can help the governments of these countries better plan their services and also provide useful ... Keywords: Citizens, Households, e-Government adoption

Dinesh A. Mirchandani; Julius H. Johnson, Jr.; Kailash Joshi

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

GIS representation and assessment of water distribution system for Mae La Temporary Shelter, Thailand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ArcGIS is used to analyze water access in Mae La, Thailand, home to 45,000 residents living as refugees in a temporary camp. Drinking water for the shelter is supplied at public tap stands while water for hygienic purposes ...

Harding, Mary Pierce

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Participatory agent-based modeling and simulation of rice production and labor migrations in Northeast Thailand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rainfed lowland rice production in lower Northeast Thailand is a complex and adaptive farming activity. Complexity arises from interconnections between multiple and intertwined processes, affected by harsh climatic and soil conditions, cropping practices ... Keywords: Capacity building, Co-learning, Companion modeling, Rainfed lowland rice

W. Naivinit; C. Le Page; G. Trbuil; N. Gajaseni

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Definitional-mission report: I-shaped power-interconnection study in Thailand. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

The Government of Thailand is implementing a Southern Seaboard Development Project. The developing of the project will increase demand for all utility and infrastructure systems and services. The distribution of electric power in the new area falls within the responsibility of the Provincial Electricity Authority (PEA). The U.S. Trade and Development Program (TDP) funded a Definitional Mission to evaluate the prospects of TDP funding a feasibility study for an I-Shaped power interconnection study for supplying electricity to the 15 provinces in Southern Thailand. The mission concluded that TDP should provide a grant to PEA to select a U.S. firm to carry out the proposed I-Shaped Interconnection study for power distribution in southern Thailand. The overall potential for exports resulting from the project is conservatively estimated at $120 million, not including any follow-on work and spare parts inventory, typical of such projects. TDP's program in Thailand has enjoyed enviable success in exports and TDP's support of the proposed feasibility study will clearly maintain and very likely add to that momentum.

Shrivastava, V.K.; Sandell, D.H.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

An Evaluation Model for e-Learning Websites in Thailand University  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this research is to evaluate e-Learning websites for university in Thailand by using quality criteria which based on IEEE 1061 and ISO/IEC 9126. In this research, we determine 6 quality aspects (include 2 new aspects) such as functionality, ...

Ratchakoon Pruengkarn; Anongnart Srivihok

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Africa gaining importance in world LPG trade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Major LPG projects planned or under way in Africa will increase the importance of that region`s presence in world LPG trade. Supplies will nearly double between 1995 and 2005, at which time they will remain steady for at least 10 years. At the same time that exports are leveling, however, increasing domestic demand for PG is likely to reduce export-market participation by Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, and Libya. The growth of Africa`s participation in world LPG supply is reflected in comparisons for the next 15--20 years. Total world supply of LPG in 1995 was about 165 million metric tons (tonnes), of which Africans share was 7.8 million tonnes. By 2000, world supply will grow to slightly more than 200 million tonnes, with Africa`s share expected to increase to 13.2 million tonnes (6.6%). And by 2005, world LPG supply will reach nearly 230 million tonnes; Africa`s overall supply volumes by that year will be nearly 16.2 million tonnes (7%). World LPG supply for export in 1995 was on order of 44 million tonnes with Africa supply about 4 million tonnes (9%). By 2005, world export volumes of LPG will reach nearly 70 million tonnes; Africa`s share will have grown by nearly 10 million tonnes (14.3%).

Haun, R.R. [Purvin and Gertz Inc., Dallas, TX (United States); Otto, K.W.; Whitley, S.C. [Purvin and Gertz Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1997-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

172

IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article examines the long-term consequences of the introduction of the printing press in the 19th century on newspaper readership and other civic attitudes in sub-Saharan Africa. In sub-Saharan Africa, Protestant missionaries were the first both to import the printing press technology and to allow the indigenous population to use it. We build a new geocoded dataset locating Protestant missions in 1903. This dataset includes, for each mission station, the geographic location and its characteristics, as well as the educational and health related investments undertaken by the mission. We show that proximity to a historical missionary settlement endowed with a printing press significantly increases newspaper readership today within regions located close to historical mission settlements. We also find a positive impact on political participation at the community level. Results are robust to a variety of identification strategies that attempt to address the potential

Julia Cag; Valeria Rueda; Julia Cag

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Exploration and development of natural gas, Pattani basin, Gulf of Thailand  

SciTech Connect

The geology of the Gulf of Thailand features a series of north-south-trending ridges and linear, fault-bounded basins with a sedimentary section predominantly of upper Tertiary sediments. The Pattani basin, located near the geographic center of the Gulf of Thailand, contains up to 8 km of almost entirely nonmarine fluvial-deltaic sediments. The gas/condensate fields described in this paper are on the west flank of the Pattani basin. Gas reservoirs are thin, randomly distributed sandstone beds occurring between 1200 and 3000 m below sea level. At greater depths, very high temperatures cause a degradation of reservoir properties. The gas fields occur on intensely faulted structures. The high fault density superimposed on the stratigraphic model limits the size of individual gas accumulations. Extensive three-dimensional seismic surveys were essential for delineating and developing these complex fields. An interactive computer system was used to interpret the 23,000 line-km of three-dimensional data. A new era in Thailand began when gas production commenced from Erawan field in August 1981. Baanpot, Satun, and Platong fields came on production between October 1983 and March 1985. In these four fields, 238 development wells have been drilled from 22 platforms. The wells can presently produce 475 MMCFGD, considerably in excess of Thailand's current requirements. The condensate ratios average 40 bbl/mmcf of gas. The commercial limits of each field have yet to be established. The advent of gas production has created a new industry in Thailand, with significant social and economic benefits to the country.

Lian, H.M.; Bradley, K.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Colombia EDBC Workshops | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Change Strategy Singapore South Africa Long Term Mitigation Scenarios South Africa Thailand-National Energy Policy and Development Plan Thailand UNF Energy Efficiency Case...

175

AMF Deployment, Niamey, Niger, West Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

West Africa West Africa Niamey Deployment AMF Home Niamey Home Data Plots and Baseline Instruments RADAGAST Website Rainfall Record (PDF) Publications List, (PDF) Experiment Planning RADAGAST Proposal Outreach Fact Sheets RADAGAST (PDF) Annual Climate Cycle in Niger, Africa (PDF) Posters AMF Poster, French Version We're Going to Sample the Sky in Africa! News Campaign Images AMMA International News AMF Deployment, Niamey, Niger, West Africa In 2006, the ARM Mobile Facility is collecting cloud and atmospheric property measurements from a location near the airport in Niamey, Niger, West Africa. Main Site: 13° 28' 39.15" N, 2° 10' 27.62" E Altitude: 205 meters Ancillary Site: 13° 31' 19.14" N, 2° 37' 56.46" E Altitude: 228.29 meters In January 2006, the second deployment of the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF)

176

LOG-IN Africa local governance and ICTs research network for Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

LOG-IN Africa is an emergent pan-African network of researchers and research institutions from nine countries (Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Senegal, South Africa, and Uganda). It will assess the current state and outcomes of ...

Gianluca Misuraca

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

The Seasonal Evolution of the Atmospheric Circulation over West Africa and Equatorial Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the mean annual cycle of rainfall and general circulation features over West Africa and central Africa for 195897. Rainfall is examined using a 1400-station archive compiled by the first author. Other circulation features are ...

Sharon E. Nicholson; Jeremy P. Grist

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Deputy Secretary Leads U.S. Delegation to Turkey | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Leads U.S. Delegation to Turkey Leads U.S. Delegation to Turkey Deputy Secretary Leads U.S. Delegation to Turkey July 13, 2006 - 3:02pm Addthis Hails International Cooperation on BTC Pipeline Completion WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Energy Deputy Secretary Clay Sell today led a United States delegation to the official completion ceremony of the Baku-Tibilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) pipeline in Ceyhan,Turkey. The BTC pipeline, now operational, carries one-million barrels of Caspian oil daily to the global markets faster in an environmentally safe manner. The completion of the pipeline signifies substantial cooperation between the nations of Turkey, Georgia, and Azerbaijan and strong efforts by a private sector consortium to implement this project. "The United States congratulates the leaders of Turkey, Georgia, and

179

Fact Sheet: U.S-Turkey Cooperation in Global Energy Security | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

S-Turkey Cooperation in Global Energy Security S-Turkey Cooperation in Global Energy Security Fact Sheet: U.S-Turkey Cooperation in Global Energy Security October 30, 2008 - 4:14pm Addthis The U.S. is committed to assisting Turkey with its energy security, as Turkey is a key component of a larger regional strategy for increased energy production and diversification of oil and gas transit routes. The U.S. is collaborating with our Turkish partners on the energy projects they identify as a priority - for the development, financing, and insurance of energy projects such as pipelines, power plants, and electricity distribution systems. In collaboration with Turkish counterparts, we can work to deploy renewable energy and clean coal technologies, increase the reliability and efficiency of electricity generation and delivery, and decrease Turkey's

180

UNRegion Western Africa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Understanding and Application of Climate Data and Information + AfricaAdapt + African Biofuel & Renewable Energy Fund (ABREF) + Agriculture Rural Energy Enterprise Development...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

South Africa Overview - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Regulation South Africa has numerous government agencies and companies involved in the coal, natural gas, and oil industry, but the National Energy Regulator of South ...

182

Energy Efficiency Measurement & Verification in South Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contacts Media Contacts Energy Efficiency Measurement & Verification in South Africa Speaker(s): Xiaohua Xia Date: December 17, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar...

183

IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel By Clare Byrne Visitors to Madagascar, Senegal to South Africa, biofuels is the buzzword as African countries wake up to the possibility of using their vast spaces to grow crops that reduce their fossil fuel bill. Biofuels also carry

184

Brazil in Africa: Africa in Brazil Tuesday 31 May 10am -6pm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Brazil in Africa: Africa in Brazil Tuesday 31 May 10am - 6pm Lucia Windsor Room, Newnham College (Witwatersrand) Abject Bodies: virginity testing in South Africa and Brazil Discussant: Megan Vaughan (Cambridge. . . Brazil? Discussant: David Lehmann (Cambridge) 13.00 Lunch 14.15 Chair: Anthony Pereira (Brazil Institute

Travis, Adrian

185

Turkey-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turkey-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Turkey-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Turkey-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Name Turkey-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Partner Australia, Denmark, EC, Germany, Japan, Netherlands, Norway Spain, Switzerland, UK, and US Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Baseline projection, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs

186

The Use of Computers in K-12 Schools in Turkey by Buket ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

in K-12 Schools in. Turkey by Buket Akkoyunlu and Feza Orhan. THE TURKISH EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM. In the eigtheenth century, the Otto- man Empire was...

187

Building Rural Development Strategies Through Energy Resilience in Turkey: A Brown Revolution of Biogas and Cooperatives.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? While the growth of Turkey brings many prosperities, the required energy for this development creates a dependency that goes up to 80% of total (more)

Gmec, Grkem

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Feasibility study report for distribution dispatching center project 2nd stage for the Provincial Electricity Authority (PEA), Bangkok, Thailand, June 1998. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

The study concerns the Provincial Electricity Authority, a state agency within the Ministry of Interior that supplies electricity to 73 of Thailand`s provinces. The primary objective of this study is to help increase the ability of the Authority to meet the rapidly increasing demand for electric power within the Kingdom of Thailand in a reliable, safe and economic manner. This is Volume 1 and it consists of the following: (1) introduction; (2) assessment; (3) conceptual design; (4) economic and financial evaluation; (5) project plan; (6) Thailand impact; (7) industry review; (8) conclusion; and appendices.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

South Africa-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) South Africa-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Agency/Company /Organization African Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Inter-American Development Bank, World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Geothermal, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country South Africa Southern Africa References Middle East and North Africa Regional Program (Algeria, Egypt, Jorban, Morroco, Tunisia)-Clean Technology Fund (CTF)[1] South Africa-CTF Investment Plan[2] South Africa-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Screenshot

190

Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1990 image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNL...

191

South Africa-NREL Energy Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Topics Background analysis Website http:www1.eere.energy.govso Country South Africa Southern Africa References http:...

192

South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction...

193

South Africa - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

What is shale gas and ... OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet; World Oil ... South Africa has the second largest crude oil refinery system in Africa and imports the ...

194

title Energy Efficiency Country Study Republic Of South Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Africa year month institution Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory keywords appliance energy efficiency attachments http eetd lbl gov sites all files south africa country study...

195

Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa Title Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number 6365E Year of...

196

Feasibility study for hydrocarbon complex in southern seaboard. Petroleum Authority of Thailand  

SciTech Connect

This study, conducted by Fluor Daniel, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency, on behalf of the Petroleum Authority of Thailand. The primary objective of the study was to investigate the economic viability of the related facilities and determine how each could help to industrialize and build up the Southern Seaboard area of Thailand. The focus of the report is in three areas including; Crude Oil Transportation System, Refinery, and Petrochemical Complex. Another objective of the study was to offer an alternative for large crude carrier traffic by proposing the completion of a crude oil pipeline. The report is divided into the following sections: (1) Executive Summary; (2) Introduction; (3) Crude Oil Transportation System; (4) Refinery Project; (5) Petrochemical Complex; (6) Key Issues & Considerations; (7) Financial Evaluations; (8) Summary & Conclusions.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

CO{sub 2} mitigation potential of efficient demand-side technologies: The case of Thailand  

SciTech Connect

This study assesses the techno-economic potential of selected demand-side efficient appliances to mitigate CO{sub 2} emission from the power sector in Thailand under national, consumer, and utility perspectives. A key finding of this study is that about 5.5--7% of the total annual CO{sub 2} emission from the electricity sector of the country can be reduced during 1996--2011 from the national perspective.

Shrestha, R.M.; Biswas, W.K.; Timilsina, G.R. [Asian Inst. of Tech., Pathumthani (Thailand). Energy Program; Khummongkol, P.; Sinbanchongjit, S. [King Mongkut`s Inst. of Tech., Bangkok (Thailand)

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Impact of cool storage air-conditioning in commercial sector on power system operation in Thailand  

SciTech Connect

The results are presented from an investigation into the potential application for cool storage air-conditioning, and the resultant beneficial impact on power system operation in Thailand is discussed. Field assessment through interviews with decision makers in the identified customer groups produces results that show good potential for cool storage application. Results from a computer program used to calculate power production cost and other characteristics show that substantial benefits would also accrue to the generating utility.

Surapong, C.; Bundit, L. [Asian Inst. of Tech., Bangkok (Thailand)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Siting industrial waste land disposal facilities in Thailand: A risk based approach  

SciTech Connect

The Thailand Industrial Works Department (IWD) has established a toxic industrial waste Central Treatment and Stabilization Center (CTSC) for textile dyeing and electroplating industries located in the Thonburi region of the Bangkok metropolitan area. Industrial waste is treated, stabilized, and stored at the CTSC. Although the IWD plans to ship the stabilized sludge to the Ratchaburi Province in western Thailand for burial, the location for the land disposal site has not been selected. Assessing the relative health risks from exposure to toxic chemicals released from an industrial waste land disposal site is a complicated, data-intensive process that requires a multidisciplinary approach. This process is further complicated by the unique physical and cultural characteristics exhibited by the rapidly industrializing Thai economy. The purpose of this paper is to describe the research approach taken and to detail the constraints to health risk assessments in Thailand. issues discussed include data availability and quality, effectiveness of control or mitigation methods, cultural differences, and the basic assumptions inherent in many of the risk assessment components.

Fingleton, D.J.; Habegger, L.; Peters, R.; Tomasko, D.; Liengcharernsit, W.; Hastings, P.; Boonraksa, C.; Phantumvanit, D.; Smith, K.; Carpenter, R. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA); Thailand Development Research Inst., Bangkok (Thailand). Natural Resources and Environment Program; Environment and Policy Inst., Honolulu, HI (USA))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Costco Pre-Made Platters Turkey and Cheese Roll-up Wraps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-washed/Pre-cut lettuce and vegetables - Croutons (fat free) - Pre-cooked chicken breast strips or salmon, vacuum packedCostco Pre-Made Platters Turkey and Cheese Roll-up Wraps Chinese Chicken Salad Kit Safeway Deli Sandwiches Aram Sandwiches: turkey, smoked salmon, hummus & veggie, or grilled chicken Platters: Quesadilla

Doudna, Jennifer A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Turkey Hill Dairy: Where Energy is Not Left Flapping in the Wind |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Turkey Hill Dairy: Where Energy is Not Left Flapping in the Wind Turkey Hill Dairy: Where Energy is Not Left Flapping in the Wind Turkey Hill Dairy: Where Energy is Not Left Flapping in the Wind December 21, 2011 - 11:26am Addthis These two General Electric wind turbines, erected in January 2011 on the Frey Farm landfill adjacent to Turkey Hill Dairy's ice cream and sweet iced tea plant in Lancaster County, Penn., are expected to produce 7.5 million kWh of electricity annually. | Photo courtesy of Lancaster County Solid Waste Management Authority. These two General Electric wind turbines, erected in January 2011 on the Frey Farm landfill adjacent to Turkey Hill Dairy's ice cream and sweet iced tea plant in Lancaster County, Penn., are expected to produce 7.5 million kWh of electricity annually. | Photo courtesy of Lancaster County Solid

202

Energy Secretary Bodman in Turkey to Highlight Importance of Expanding Oil  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

in Turkey to Highlight Importance of in Turkey to Highlight Importance of Expanding Oil and Gas Supply and Infrastructure Energy Secretary Bodman in Turkey to Highlight Importance of Expanding Oil and Gas Supply and Infrastructure November 16, 2007 - 4:31pm Addthis ISTANBUL, TURKEY - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today highlighted the significance of improving U.S.-Turkish business relationships, enhancing investment opportunities in the energy sector, and increasing the diversity of energy supply, suppliers and transportation routes to improve energy security and promote economic growth. "Turkey is an important energy gateway between the East and the West," Secretary Bodman said. "Fostering an environment that promotes investment opportunities as well as diversity of energy supply and suppliers through

203

Structurally Insecure?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Australia (?!), Bahrain, Burma, China, Cuba, Iran, Syria, Thailand, Turkey, UAE, USA (?!) and dozens of other countries Page 47. ...

2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

204

Measuring Payoffs from Information-Technology Investments: New Evidence from Sector-Level Data on Developed and Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Philippines Poland Portugal Taiwan Thailand Turkey Venezuela Table 2 UN versus IBM sector definitions UN Sectors Manufacturing Electricity,

Plice, Robert K.; Kraemer, Kenneth L.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa Agency/Company /Organization: IEEE Sector: Energy Focus Area: Grid Assessment and Integration Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Technical report Website: ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=1709540 UN Region: Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa Language: English References: Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa[1] "With the population of 13.4% of the world and a land area of 15%, Africa has only 2% of the world's industrial capacity. Its per capita income is only 15% of the world average and only consumes 3% of world energy. Many

206

Event:18th Africa Partnership Forum | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa Partnership Forum Africa Partnership Forum Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png 18th Africa Partnership Forum: on 2012/04/25 The theme of the 18th APF meeting is "Energy for Africa" and sessions will focus on the global energy outlook and the implications for Africa; Energy for all: the challenge in Africa ; Low carbon and climate resilient energy : the opportunities in Africa; Africa's energy priorities in the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA), and the MDB Infrastructure Action Plan Event Details Name 18th Africa Partnership Forum Date 2012/04/25 Location Paris, France Organizer African Partnership Forum Tags LEDS, CLEAN, Training Website Event Website Retri LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. eved from

207

South Africa-UNDP Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNDP Activities UNDP Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-UNDP Activities Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis Country South Africa Southern Africa References UNDP Climate Change Project Map[1] UNDP Projects in South Africa Pilot Production and Commercial Dissemination of Solar Cookers in South Africa (PIMS 1124 CC MSP RE) Reducing Disaster Risks from Wildfire Hazards Associated with Climate Change in South Africa Reducing vulnerability of the Western Cape Province (South Africa) to wildfire hazards associate with climate change Solar Water Heaters (SWH) for Urban Housing in South Africa (PIMS 856 CC MSP RE) South Africa National Capacity Self Assessment (PIMS 3115 EA NCSA) South Africa Wind Energy Programme (SAWEP) (PIMS 1637 CC RE)

208

Africa-European Union Energy Partnership | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa-European Union Energy Partnership Africa-European Union Energy Partnership Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Africa-European Union Energy Partnership Name Africa-European Union Energy Partnership Agency/Company /Organization Government of Germany, Government of Austria, African Union Commission, Government of Mauritius Sector Energy Website http://www.aeep-conference.org UN Region "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Western & Eastern Europe" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

209

Industrial solid waste management for the eastern seaboard-thailand's first systematic approach to the problem  

SciTech Connect

Accelerating population growth, urbanization, and industrialization in Thailand are creating unprecedented problems requiring government intervention for achieving systematic planning and growth of existing and new urban centers. The first such regional planning project in Thailand, was focused on the Eastern Seaboard, the coastal zone on the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast of Bangkok. Because of the recent development of major natural gas fields in the gulf, the Eastern Seaboard region seems destined to become a new regional urban-industrial center. The planning project resulted in preparation of a comprehensive plan for guiding continuing development in the region, with particular attention to industrial development and environmental pollution control. Preliminary concepts were developed for management of industrial solid wastes at the various urban growth centers in the region, including bulk or nonhazardous wastes and hazardous wastes. Both conventional and innovative practices, adapted to the Eastern Seaboard situation, are utilized.

Ludwig, H.F.; Evans, J.W.; Tridech, S.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Feasibility study of Northeast Thailand Gas Pipeline Project. Final report. Part 2. Compressed natural gas. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

The volume is the second part of a three part study submitted to the Petroleum Authority of Thailand. Part II analyzes the potential use of compressed natural gas (CNG) as a transportation fuel for high mileage vehicles traveling the highway system of Thailand. The study provides an initial estimate of buses and trucks that are potential candidates for converting to natural gas vehicles (NGV). CNG technology is briefly reviewed. The types of refueling stations that may be sited along the highway are discussed. The estimated capital investments and typical layouts are presented. The report also discusses the issues involved in implementing a CNG program in Thailand, such as safety, user acceptability and the government's role.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ , Panama + , Philippines + , Rwanda + , Senegal + , South Africa + , Tanzania + , Thailand + , Togolese Republic + , Trinidad and Tobago + , Uganda + , Ukraine + , Vietnam + ,...

212

Emissions estimation for lignite-fired power plants in Turkey  

SciTech Connect

The major gaseous emissions (e.g. sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, carbon dioxide, and carbon monoxide), some various organic emissions (e.g. benzene, toluene and xylenes) and some trace metals (e.g. arsenic, cobalt, chromium, manganese and nickel) generated from lignite-fired power plants in Turkey are estimated. The estimations are made separately for each one of the thirteen plants that produced electricity in 2007, because the lignite-fired thermal plants in Turkey are installed near the regions where the lignite is mined, and characteristics and composition of lignite used in each power plant are quite different from a region to another. Emission factors methodology is used for the estimations. The emission factors obtained from well-known literature are then modified depending on local moisture content of lignite. Emission rates and specific emissions (per MWh) of the pollutants from the plants without electrostatic precipitators and flue-gas desulfurization systems are found to be higher than emissions from the plants having electrostatic precipitators and flue -gas desulfurization systems. Finally a projection for the future emissions due to lignite-based power plants is given. Predicted demand for the increasing generation capacity based on the lignite-fired thermal power plant, from 2008 to 2017 is around 30%. 39 refs., 13 figs., 10 tabs.

Nurten Vardar; Zehra Yumurtaci [Yildiz Technical University Mechanical Engineering Faculty, Istanbul (Turkey)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

213

A brief market study on electric power systems and energy conservation equipment in Thailand. Foreign market survey report (final)  

SciTech Connect

The market research was undertaken to study the present and potential US share of the market in Thailand for electric power systems and energy conservation equipment; to examine growth trends in Thai end-user industries over the next few years; to identify specific product categories that offer the most promising export potential for US companies; and to provide basic data which will assist US suppliers in determining current and potential sales and marketing opportunities. The trade promotional and marketing techniques which are likely to succeed in Thailand were also reviewed.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Characterizing forest fire activity in Turkey by compound Poisson and time series models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large forest fires are major disturbances that strongly influence the carbon cycling and vegetation dynamics of Turkish ecosystems. We suggest that compound Poisson model could provide suitable description for the total annual area burned by forest fires and for fire size distribution in Turkey. This paper also provides a time series model that reveals trends in annual number of fires and area burned in Turkey. We support this argument using forest fires occurred in Turkey between 1937 and 2009. We also find that the Poisson model simulates large fire occurrences well and the total burned area is modeled by a compound Poisson process.

Hatice . ekim; Cem Kad?lar; Gamze zel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Private-sector power generation in Thailand: potential, impediments, and policy issues. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Royal Thai Government (RTG) is exploring ways of involving the private sector in electricity generation. The study: (1) assesses the sector's potential for non-utility power generation, including such options as industrial cogeneration, agricultural-waste-based energy systems, and large-scale systems using domestic fossil fuels; (2) reviews existing power-sector institutions in Thailand and analyzes the major issues and impediments associated with private-sector power generation; and (3) based on U.S. experience, describes possible approaches to establishing the price of non-utility electricity.

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Sub-Saharan Africa-KITE Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Saharan Africa-KITE Activities Saharan Africa-KITE Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Sub-Saharan Africa-KITE Activities Agency/Company /Organization Kumasi Institute of Technology and Environment Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Conventional Energy, Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Finance, Co-benefits assessment, Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://kiteonline.net/index.ph UN Region "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

217

Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Access, Understanding and Application of Climate Data and Information Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Access, Understanding and Application of Climate Data and Information Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector: Climate, Energy Topics: Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Dataset, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.undp.org/environment/library.shtml Cost: Free UN Region: Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa Language: English Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Access, Understanding and Application of Climate Data and Information Screenshot

218

South Africa-GTZ Clean Energy Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-GTZ Clean Energy Project South Africa-GTZ Clean Energy Project Jump to: navigation, search Logo: South Africa-GTZ Clean Energy Project Name South Africa-GTZ Clean Energy Project Agency/Company /Organization GTZ Partner Central Energy Fund (CEF), University of Johannesburg, Paraffin Safety Association of Southern Africa (PASASA) Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Website http://www.gtz.de/en/weltweit/ Program Start 2008 Program End 2010 Country South Africa UN Region Southern Africa References Clean Energy for South Africa[1] GTZ is working with South Africa on this project with the following objective: "The programme aims to reducing CO2-emissions through the commercialisation of energy efficient and renewable energy products to

219

Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector Reforms in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector Reforms in Africa Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa Sector: Energy Topics: Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity Resource Type: Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.uneca.org/eca_programmes/nrid/pubs/powersectorreport.pdf UN Region: Eastern Africa References: Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector Reforms in Africa[1] Overview "This study assesses the socio-economic and environmental impacts of power

220

Africa-Economic Development Report 2010 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa-Economic Development Report 2010 Africa-Economic Development Report 2010 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Africa-Economic Development Report 2010 Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Foundation Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Industry, Forestry, Agriculture Topics: Finance, Implementation, Baseline projection, Market analysis, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset, Publications Website: www.unctad.org/en/docs/aldcafrica2010_en.pdf UN Region: "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Creating an Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: for Food Security and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Creating an Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: for Food Security and Creating an Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: for Food Security and Environmental Resilience Jump to: navigation, search Name Creating an Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: for Food Security and Environmental Resilience Agency/Company /Organization World Agroforestry Centre Partner Program on Forests Sector Land Focus Area Forestry, Agriculture Topics Co-benefits assessment, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.profor.info/profor/ Country Niger, Malawi, Zambia UN Region "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

222

Forestry-based Carbon Sequestration Projects in Africa: Potential benefits  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forestry-based Carbon Sequestration Projects in Africa: Potential benefits Forestry-based Carbon Sequestration Projects in Africa: Potential benefits and challenges Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Forestry-based Carbon Sequestration Projects in Africa: Potential benefits and challenges Agency/Company /Organization: Natural Resources Forum Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Implementation, GHG inventory, Resource assessment Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learned/best practices, Case studies/examples Website: www.worldagroforestry.org/downloads/publications/PDFs/JA08145.PDF UN Region: "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

223

Welcome to the Third World Network-Africa (TWN-Africa) Blog  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

relative to the experience of other Search the Webnmlkji this sitenmlkj User Profile Read More in Africa report on Trade LIbe... 11/18/2008 #12;Home | TWN-Africa Blog | Terms & Conditions | Administrator: * char left.4000 re-generate Enter the text shown in the image on the left: * Remember Me?gfedc * fields

224

Successful Energy Policy Interventions in Africa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Successful Energy Policy Interventions in Africa Successful Energy Policy Interventions in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Successful Energy Policy Interventions in Africa Agency/Company /Organization: GTZ Partner: Energy, Environment and Development Network for Africa Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs Website: www.gtz.de/de/dokumente/en-successful-policy-interventions-2007.pdf References: Successful Energy Policy Interventions in Africa[1] "The objective of this study was to document selected successful energy interventions and initiatives in Africa for possible replication and at the same time identify factors and frame- work conditions that lead to success of the selected initiatives." References

225

Turkey-Supporting RBEC Transition to Low-Emission Development | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turkey-Supporting RBEC Transition to Low-Emission Development Turkey-Supporting RBEC Transition to Low-Emission Development Jump to: navigation, search Name Turkey-Supporting RBEC Transition to Low-Emission Development Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), UNDP Bratislava Regional Center Partner Interministerial committees headed by the national focal point on climate change Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Website http://europeandcis.undp.org/e Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country Turkey Western Asia

226

Turkey Hill Dairy: Where Energy is Not Left Flapping in the Wind...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

erected in January 2011 on the Frey Farm landfill adjacent to Turkey Hill Dairy's ice cream and sweet iced tea plant in Lancaster County, Penn., are expected to produce 7.5...

227

Politicized armies, militarized politics : civil-military relations in Turkey and Greece  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite their common Ottoman heritage, Greece and Turkey have diverged widely in their modem history of civil-military relations. The armed forces have a long record of intervention in both countries, but there is a crucial ...

Liaras, Evangelos

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Economic evaluation of biogas as energy and fertilizer in rural northeast Thailand  

SciTech Connect

In the aftermath of the 1974 oil crisis, Thailand faces a complex problem: agriculture is characterized by low productivity, and an increasing burden is now being placed on national forest reserves as the primary source of fuel. The nation is forced to choose: land for forests and fuel, or land for agriculture and food. In either case, current levels of land use are having serious environmental consequences. Biogas has been proposed as a possible remedy to alleviate these problems. In this study, three sizes of biogas plants are studied to facilitate cost estimates, and two Thai villages provide case studies of actual applications. Then a stratified random sample of 60 households is selected from the two villages, based on economic class groupings. The central question is to inquire whether biogas is feasible and profitable for villages with differing characteristics, for different income groups within those villages, and whether technological viability is affected by plant size. The results show that there are increasing returns to scale for larger biogas plants; that the poorer village obtains more benefits per unit of output than the more modernized village; that the poorest households within each village have the highest potential gains from biogas. It is recommended that Thailand implement biogas technology in those regions and for those villages where benefit-cost analysis demonstrates its economic feasibility.

Sombuntham, S.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Importance of context in adoption and progress in application of strategic environmental assessment: Experience of Thailand  

SciTech Connect

Following the example of other developed countries, strategic environmental assessment (SEA) tool is now being introduced in developing countries, with the expectations, among others, that it will influence decision-making process in planning, and also usher in the participatory and collaborative planning towards a more sustainable track in development. This article examines Thailand's own recent introduction of SEA. The authors underscore the particularity of the Thai planning context as well as the broader governance structure and processes in the country as the critical factor influencing the extent, substance and form of adoption of SEA. Top-down tradition of planning and serious limitation of public participation opportunity structures and institutional culture have minimized the tool's positive impact and influence in development planning. Thailand's experience in SEA introduction thus reaffirms the important lesson from a number of other developing countries: that legal framework for SEA is necessary and critical especially in its initial adoption; and, that public participation needs to be supported too and institutionalized for the tool to fulfill its promise of improving environmental governance and optimizing potentials of development projects vis-a-vis various social and environmental concerns.

Wirutskulshai, Uma, E-mail: st104686@ait.ac.th; Sajor, Edsel, E-mail: esajor@ait.ac.th; Coowanitwong, Nowarat

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

230

Fuelwood use and the energy transition in the highlands of northern Thailand  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The continued use of fuelwood in the highlands of northern Thailand provided an environment to evaluate the opportunities, constraints, and trends of renewable energy use within a rapidly developing economy. In this study, we conducted detailed surveys and measurements of the fuelwood system in seven rural villages (368 households) in Wat Chan and Kae Noi, which are located northeast and north, respectively, of Chiang Mai, Thailand. Surveys and measurements addressed patterns in the following: the demand for and use of fuelwood; labor; traditional technologies and newer energy sources and technologies; social and cultural aspects of fuelwood collection and use; and household perceptions of the sustainability of fuelwood. Communities in the two study areas differed in the species of trees preferred, the household members involved in collection, and the access and use of alternative sources of energy. However, all households depended on fuelwood to supply a majority of their energy requirements. Average household consumption of fuelwood per year was 5,140 kg, but larger households used significantly less fuelwood per member than did smaller households. It may be expected.

Shinawatra, Benchaphun [Chiang Mai Univ. (Thailand). College of Agriculture; Krummel, J.R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

An update on the Array Induction Imager Tool (AIT) in the Gulf of Thailand  

SciTech Connect

The Array Induction Imager Tool (AIT) arrived in the Gulf of Thailand in June 1992, and has since performed almost 10 jobs in a large variety of conditions. The equipment has proved very reliable, and the quality of the data has been excellent. The primary purpose of running the AIT in the Gulf of Thailand wells has been to provide accurate resistivity data to minimize the error when establishing hydrocarbon reserves. Indeed, the tool is bringing about a revolution of information evaluation in thinly bedded or deeply invaded zones, where oil companies are seeing significant increases in reserves based purely on the changeover to AIT data. Important though this is, the benefits of the service are not just limited to improving the Rt value. Images of the radial resistivity profile are also giving a unique insight into the three dimensional geology surrounding the well bore, and the dynamics of filtrate movement through the more permeable sections. In every case where it has been run, the AIT provided the user with a clearer (and often more profitable) understanding of the reservoir than that obtained with conventional resistivity measurements.

Berger, P. (Schlumberger O.S.A., Bangkok (Thailand)); Ferment, D. (Total Thailand Exploration and Production, Bangkok (Thailand))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Siting process for disposal site of low level radiactive waste in Thailand  

SciTech Connect

The radioactive waste in Thailand is composed of low level waste from the application of radioisotopes in medical treatment and industry, the operation of the 2 MW TRIGA Mark III Research Reactor and the production of radioisotopes at OAEP. In addition, the high activity of sealed radiation sources i.e. Cs-137 Co-60 and Ra-226 are also accumulated. Since the volume of treated waste has been gradually increased, the general needs for a repository become apparent. The near surface disposal method has been chosen for this aspect. The feasibility study on the underground disposal site has been done since 1982. The site selection criteria have been established, consisting of the rejection criteria, the technical performance criteria and the economic criteria. About 50 locations have been picked for consideration and 5 candidate sites have been selected and subsequent investigated. After thoroughly investigation, a definite location in Ratchburi Province, about 180 kilometers southwest of Bangkok, has been selected as the most suitable place for the near surface disposal of radioactive waste in Thailand.

Yamkate, P.; Sriyotha, P.; Thiengtrongjit, S.; Sriyotha, K. (Atomic Energy for Peace, Bangkok (Thailand))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Africa Forum for Clean Energy Financing (AFRICEF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forum for Clean Energy Financing (AFRICEF) Forum for Clean Energy Financing (AFRICEF) Jump to: navigation, search Name Africa Forum for Clean Energy Financing (AFRICEF) Agency/Company /Organization Climate Technology Initiative Partner CTI Private Financing Advisory Network Sector Energy, Land Topics Finance, Implementation Website http://www.cti-pfan.net/events UN Region "Western Asia & North Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

234

Searching for simplified farmers' crop choice models for integrated watershed management in Thailand: A data mining approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study used the C4.5 data mining algorithm to model farmers' crop choice in two watersheds in Thailand. Previous attempts in the Integrated Water Resource Assessment and Management Project to model farmers' crop choice produced large sets of decision ... Keywords: Data mining, Decision support system, Decision trees, Farmers' crop choice

Benchaphun Ekasingh; Kamol Ngamsomsuke

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Feasibility study for biomass power plants in Thailand. Volume 2. appendix: Detailed financial analysis results. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

This study, conducted by Black & Veatch, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency. The report presents a technical and commercial analysis for the development of three nearly identical electricity generating facilities (biomass steam power plants) in the towns of Chachgoengsao, Suphan Buri, and Pichit in Thailand. Volume 2 of the study contains the following appendix: Detailed Financial Analysis Results.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Voluntary environmental programmes in the developing world: an examination of the ISO 14001 environmental management system certification in Thailand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

14001 international voluntary scheme in Thailand. The study focuses on three core manufacturing industries food and beverages, textiles and wearing apparel, and electronics and electrical appliances, chosen to represent three main types... (Electronics and Electrical Appliances Industry) ................................................................................... 131 Figure 5.6: ISO 14001 Adopters Responses to Question 23.1 (All Industries) ............. 132 Figure 5.7: ISO 14001...

Tambunlertchai, Kanittha

2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

237

Tropical Africa: Total Forest Biomass (By Country)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tropical Africa: Total Forest Biomass (By Country) Tropical Africa: Total Forest Biomass (By Country) image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNL/CDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. More Maps Calculated Actual Aboveground Live Biomass in Forests (1980) Maximum Potential Biomass Density Land Use (1980) Area of Closed Forests (By Country) Mean Biomass of Closed Forests (By County) Area of Open Forests (By Country) Mean Biomass of Open Forests (By County) Percent Forest Cover (By Country) Population Density - 1990 (By Administrative Unit) Population Density - 1980 (By Administrative Unit) Population Density - 1970 (By Administrative Unit)

238

Oil and Natural Gas in Sub-Saharan Africa  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oil and Natural Gas in Sub-Saharan Africa Oil and Natural Gas in Sub-Saharan Africa August 1, 2013 2 Sub-Saharan Africa Source: U.S. Department of State Liquid Fuels Reserves and Production in Sub-Saharan Africa 3 4 Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) produced nearly 6 million bbl/d of liquid fuels in 2012, which was about 7% of total world oil production. Overview Sub-Saharan Africa contains 62.6 billion barrels of proved crude oil reserves. The Middle East has 13 times that amount and Central and South America has 5 times that amount. Middle East 30% North America 20% Eurasia 15% Sub-Saharan Africa 7% North Africa 5% Asia & Oceania 10% Central & South America 9% Europe 4% Global Liquid Fuels Production, 2012 Source: EIA, International Energy Statistics 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 Middle East Central & South America

239

Composite Intraseasonal Oscillations of Convection over Southern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intraseasonal rainfall variability over the summer rainfall region of South Africa is studied. Spectral analysis of an areas precipitation minus evaporation index and a co-located outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) index over central South Africa ...

Kevin M. Levey; Mark R. Jury

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

South Africa-IAEA Energy Planning | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon South Africa-IAEA Energy Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-IAEA Cooperation...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

South Africa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa: Energy Resources South Africa: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-30,"lon":26,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

242

Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Programme, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa Sector: Energy Topics: Market analysis, Policiesdeployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, -...

243

A comparison of Texas and Iowa broodstocks for eastern wild turkey restoration in the Post Oak Savannah of Texas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Objectives of this study were to compare mortality, reproduction, and movements of eastern wild turkeys (Meleagis gallopavo silvestris) from Iowa and Texas which were relocated (more)

Gainey, Jeffery Wayne

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Chinese Petroleum Corporations' International Oil Trade in Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we focus on the international oil trade of Chinese petroleum corporations' in Africa. Initially, we are trying to understand the current oil reserves in Africa. Then the reasons and the situation of Chinese petroleum companies' international ... Keywords: Chinese Petroleum Corporations, Oil Business in Africa, Global Energy Situation, Global Energy Situation

Zhang Long

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Scientometric research in South Africa and successful policy instruments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document provides an analysis of scientometric research in South Africa and it discusses sources of growth in the country's research literature in general. South Africa is identified to have limited expertise in the field revealed mainly during ... Keywords: Impact on research, Incentives, Scientometrics, South Africa

Anastassios Pouris

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

CHINA-AFRICA RELATIONS GOVERNANCE, PEACE AND SECURITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHINA-AFRICA RELATIONS GOVERNANCE, PEACE AND SECURITY Editors Mulugeta Gebrehiwot Berhe and Liu Hongwu #12;CHINA-AFRICA RELATIONS GOVERNANCE, PEACE AND SECURITY Editors Mulugeta Gebrehiwot Berhe of China China's Evolving Policy towards Peace and Security in Africa: Constructing a new paradigm

Recanati, Catherine

247

RESILIENCE IN HOME-BASED CAREGIVERS IN LIMPOPO, SOUTH AFRICA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I 188 RESILIENCE IN HOME-BASED CAREGIVERS IN LIMPOPO, SOUTH AFRICA Theresa M. Mieh, McNair Scholar and Human Development The Pennsylvania State University ABSTRACT This study examines resilience in home-based-giving. Keywords: HIV/AIDS; resilience; home-based careers; SOUTH AFRICA, PEN-3 INTRODUCTION Sub-Saharan Africa has

Omiecinski, Curtis

248

Projected Changes in Mean and Extreme Precipitation in Africa under Global Warming. Part II: East Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Probable changes in mean and extreme precipitation in East Africa are estimated from general circulation models (GCMs) prepared for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fourth Assessment Report (AR4). Bayesian statistics are used to ...

Mxolisi E. Shongwe; Geert Jan van Oldenborgh; Bart van den Hurk; Maarten van Aalst

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Projected Changes in Mean and Extreme Precipitation in Africa under Global Warming. Part I: Southern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates likely changes in mean and extreme precipitation over southern Africa in response to changes in radiative forcing using an ensemble of global climate models prepared for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) ...

M. E. Shongwe; G. J. van Oldenborgh; B. J. J. M. van den Hurk; B. de Boer; C. A. S. Coelho; M. K. van Aalst

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

South Africa-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in South Africa-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy Countries (URBAN-LEDS) Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy Countries (URBAN-LEDS) Agency/Company /Organization ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability, European Commission, UN Habitat Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Buildings, Buildings - Commercial, Buildings - Residential, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.iclei.org/fileadmin Program Start 2012 Program End 2015 Country South Africa Southern Africa

251

South Africa-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation South Africa-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: South Africa-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Name South Africa-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Denmark Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.unep.org/climatecha Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country South Africa UN Region Central America References Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)[1]

252

The Development of Improved Energy Efficient Housing for Thailand Utilizing Renewable Energy Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper reports on the results of research to reduce energy consumption in residential buildings in a hot and humid climate region (Thailand) using efficient architectural building components, energy efficient building systems, and renewable energy systems (solar energy) to produce electricity and heat domestic hot water. The solar energy system used in the analysis of the supplemental energy was a hybrid photovoltaicthermal (PV-T2) collector system, which is a combination photovoltaic (for producing electricity) and solar thermal collector (for producing hot water), and night-time radiator for radiating unwanted heat to the night sky. The research methods used in this work included instrumentation of a case study house, experimental data collected from an experimental PV-T2 collector system (Rasisuttha 2004), and calibrated building thermal simulation using DOE-2 (LBNL, 1982; 2000).

Rasisuttha, S.; Haberl, J.

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Organizational change and environmental impact assessment at the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand: 1972--1988  

SciTech Connect

This study examines the influence of leadership, political entrepreneurship, and organizational change on the institutionalization of environmental impact assessment (EIA). The Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT) initiated EIA activities earlier and more comprehensively than most developing countries. How and why were EIA activities pursued? Part of the explanation for EGAT`s EIA activities involves external controls exerted by the World Bank, the Thai government, and concerned citizens. However, an explanation based on external factors alone overlooks the significant influence of internal forces and entrepreneurial activities within EGAT. Their analysis of EIA Adoption at EGAT reveals three factors that can contribute to the successful implementation of EIA: (1) mutually reinforcing support for EIA from both inside and outside a development agency, (2) political entrepreneurship by agency staff that are concerned about the environment and (3) the transformation of power relationships within the agency by environmental professionals.

Shepherd, A. [Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States); Ortolano, L. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Thailand's gas line underway: coating a major achievement  

SciTech Connect

Using primarily local personnel and materials, Bredero Price International's Thai pipe-coating plant has prepared some 374 miles of 34 and 28-in. pipe for service in the Gulf of Thailand gas-pipeline project. The enamel-coating shop cleaned, primed and coated all the pipe with coal-tar enamel, glass-fiber mat, felt, and a kraft-paper outer wrap; the cement-coating facility then added a concrete-weight coating to the portion of the pipe earmarked for offshore duty. Scheduled for a 1981 completion, the pipeline will initially carry 250 million CF/day to power-generating plants in Bangpakong and South Bangkok; the volume transported will eventually reach 500 million CF/day when addition offshore production is tied in to the line and an offshore compressor station added.

Hale, D.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Perspectives on the institutional needs of joint implementation projects for China, Egypt, India, Mexico, and Thailand  

SciTech Connect

One avenue for reducing the net emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) under the Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) is the joint implementation (JI) of policies and projects to the Convention. Although debate on the practical aspects of JI projects is relatively young, it already includes issues concerning the ability of governments to accept JI projects as well as the project participants` capacity to monitor, evaluate, and verify the financial and GHG benefits. The focus of this paper is an in-depth, country-by-country analysis of current and conceivable institutions in potential host countries. To understand these concerns better, in August 1994 the authors asked colleagues in five developing countries to evaluate their countries` institutional capacity for JI projects. Their perspectives are presented here as individual country case studies. The five countries--Mexico, Egypt, Thailand, India, and China--were chosen because each has significant potential for JI projects.

Mabel, M.; Watt, E.; Sathaye, J. [eds.] [and others

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Determining the value of conservation to Thailand's electric utility  

SciTech Connect

Incorporating demand-side resources into the planning regime of fast-growing electric utilities in developing countries is a particular challenge. In this paper, a method is developed for valuing the contribution of conservation under these circumstances and illustrated through scenarios of electricity savings in Thailand's large commercials sector. The primary value of these scenarios is in the creation of opportunities to defer or cancel plants planned for future inclusion in the system. The benefits of such deferments are twofold: a direct reduction in capacity needs commensurate with the load impacts of the scenario, plus a reduction in the reserve margin required to maintain system reliability. Comparison of the capital requirements of the conservation scenarios versus the deferrable plant capacity showed that conservation is substantially less capital intensive.

Busch, J.F. Jr. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (US))

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Palynology and organic/isotope geochemistry of the Mae Moh Basin, Northern Thailand  

SciTech Connect

The Mae Moh basin is one of several Tertiary intermontane basins in northern Thailand, whose evolution has been linked to the collision of the Indian plate with the Eurasian plate since the early Eocene. As in most of these basins, lacustrine/swamp sedimentation in the Mae Moh basin can be broadly divided into an Oligocene to Miocene synrift sequence and a Miocene to Quarternary postrift sequence. The dominance of swamp flora recognized from spore and pollen assemblages (e.g., Polypodiidites usmensis, Verrucatosporites, Cyrtostachys), as well as the abundance of macrophytes and woody debris, indicate overwhelming hot and humid swamp conditions, with lake development restricted to relatively small areas. The distribution of alkanes and their compound-specific carbon isotope compositions are used to further show climatic variations affecting the lake/swamp ecology during the deposition of the synrift sequence.

Minh, L.V.; Abrajano, T.; Burden, E.; Winsor, L. (Memorial Univ. of Newfoundland, St. John' s (Canada)); Ratanasthien, B. (Chaing Mai Univ. (Thailand))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Effect of supplementation on vitamin A and zinc nutriture of children in northeast (NE) Thailand  

SciTech Connect

Previous surveys of the nutritional status of young children in NE Thailand suggested that they may benefit from vitamin A (VA) and/or zinc (Zn) supplementation. 140 children, with low plasma retinol concentrations were entered in a double-blind study. They were randomized and supplemented with either VA, Zn, VA + Zn or placebo each weekday for 6 mos. All subjects consumed their usual diet that provided adequate protein, less than recommended calories, fat, Zn and VA. Biochemical indices of VA and Zn status increased significantly. The children had adequate VA liver stores as assessed by relative dose response. Zn supplementation resulted in improvement of vision restoration time in dim light using rapid dark adaptometry. VA and Zn synergistically normalized conjunctival epithelium after a 6 mo supplementation. Data suggest that functional improvements of populations with suboptimal VA and Zn nutriture can be accomplished by supplementation with {lt}2 times of RDA of these nutrients.

Udomkesmalee, E.; Dhanamitta, S.; Charoenklatkul, S.; Tantipopipat, S.; Banjong, O.; Rojroongwasinkul, N.; Kramer, T.R.; Smith, J.C. Jr. (Mahidol Univ., Nakhon Pathom (Thailand) USDA, Beltsville, MD (United States))

1991-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

259

Thermal and lighting performance of toplighting systems in the hot and humid climate of Thailand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study evaluated the potential of toplighting systems in the hot and humid tropics by using Bangkok, Thailand (latitude 13.7?°N) as a test location. The analysis tested both the thermal and lighting performance of three toplighting systems. Toplighting, designed for use in one-story buildings or on the top floor of taller buildings, yields a uniformly distributed light throughout a space. However, in lower latitude locations, where there is no heating period, heat gain is a critical design issue since it significantly affects the annual energy consumption of the building. Accordingly, the decision to use toplighting in these locations needs to be carefully examined before any design considerations occur. In this study, the thermal and lighting performance of three toplighting systems were compared. For the thermal performance, total cooling loads, heat gains and losses, and interior temperature were evaluated. The lighting performance parameters examined were daylight factor, illuminance level, light distribution, and uniformity. EnergyPlus was used as the thermal analysis tool, and RADIANCE, along with a physical scale model, was used as the lighting performance analysis tool. The sky conditions tested were overcast, clear sky, and intermediate sky. Results have shown that, for locations with hot and humid climates with variable sky conditions such as Bangkok, Thailand, the roof monitors perform better than the other two systems in terms of the thermal and lighting performance. With similar cooling loads, the roof monitor provides better illuminance uniformity than the skylights and lightscoops, with adequate illuminance level (at mostly higher than 500 lux).

Harntaweewongsa, Siritip

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-ESMAP Low Carbon Growth Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Transportation Topics GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Publications, Case studies/examples Website http://www.esmap.org/ Country South Africa Southern Africa References World Bank, ESMAP - Low Carbon Growth Country Studies - Getting Started[1] Overview "To facilitate the implementation of the Long-Term Mitigation Scenario developed by the Government of South Africa in 2006, the South Africa study focuses on building capacity for energy efficiency and demand-side

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme Sector Energy Focus Area Buildings Topics Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Pathways analysis, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.unep.org/sbci/pdfs/ Country South Africa UN Region Southern Africa References South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings[1] South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings Screenshot "This report aims to provide: a summary quantification of the influence of buildings on climate

262

Integrated Southern Africa Business Advisory INSABA | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Integrated Southern Africa Business Advisory INSABA Integrated Southern Africa Business Advisory INSABA Jump to: navigation, search Name Integrated Southern Africa Business Advisory (INSABA) Place Berlin, Germany Zip 10785 Sector Renewable Energy Product Berlin-based, high profile business advisory network for renewable energy. References Integrated Southern Africa Business Advisory (INSABA)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Integrated Southern Africa Business Advisory (INSABA) is a company located in Berlin, Germany . References ↑ "Integrated Southern Africa Business Advisory (INSABA)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Integrated_Southern_Africa_Business_Advisory_INSABA&oldid=347010

263

Carbon Capture and Storage in Southern Africa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Southern Africa Southern Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Carbon Capture and Storage in Southern Africa: An assessment of the rationale, possibilities and capacity needs to enable CO2 capture and storage in Botswana, Mozambique and Namibia Agency/Company /Organization Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands Topics Background analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type Publications Website http://www.ecn.nl/docs/library Country Mozambique, Namibia, Botswana Eastern Africa, Southern Africa, Southern Africa References CCS in Southern Africa[1] Abstract "In April 2010, a series of workshops on CO2 capture and storage were held in Botswana, Mozambique and Namibia, attended by a total of about 100 participants. The objectives of the workshops were to provide a thorough

264

Perspectives for pilot scale study of RDF in Istanbul, Turkey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Municipal solid waste (MSW) is one of the most important environmental problems arising from rapid urbanization and industrialization. The use of alternative fuels in rotary kilns of cement plants is very important for reducing cost, saving fossil fuels and also eliminating waste materials, accumulated during production or after using these materials. Cement industries has an important potential for supplying preferable solutions to the waste management. Energy recovery from waste is also important for the reduction of CO{sub 2} emissions. This paper presents an investigation of the development of refuse derived fuel (RDF) materials from non-recycling wastes and the determination of its potential use as an alternative fuel in cement production in Istanbul, Turkey. RDF produced from MSW was analyzed and its effects on cement production process were examined. For this purpose, the produced RDF was mixed with the main fuel (LPG) in ratios of 0%, 5%, 10%, 15% and 20%. Then chemical and mineralogical analyses of the produced clinker were carried out. It is believed that successful results of this study will be a good example for municipalities and cement industries in order to achieve both economic and environmental benefits.

Kara, Mustafa, E-mail: mustafa.kara@mam.gov.t [TUBITAK MRC (Marmara Research Center) Materials Institute, Gebze, P.O. Box 21, 41470 Kocaeli (Turkey); Guenay, Esin; Tabak, Yasemin [TUBITAK MRC (Marmara Research Center) Materials Institute, Gebze, P.O. Box 21, 41470 Kocaeli (Turkey); Yildiz, Senol [ISTAC, Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality Environmental Protection and Waste Materials Valuation Industry and Trade Co., Kasimpasa, Istanbul (Turkey)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

265

Feasibility study of Northeast Thailand Gas Pipeline Project. Final report. Part 3. Gas transmission pipeline. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

The volume is the third part of a three part report submitted to the Petroleum Authority of Thailand. Part III examines the feasibility of constructing a gas pipeline from the Nam Phong gas field in the northeast region to the existing natural gas pipeline network in the central region. It contains information concerning the system analysis, route investigation and selection, the order of magnitude cost estimate and the economic and financial analysis.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Techno-Economic Analysis of Solar Water Heating Systems in Turkey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: In this study, solar water heater was investigated using meteorological and geographical data of 129 sites over Turkey. Three different collector types were compared in terms of absorber material (copper, galvanized sheet and selective absorber). Energy requirement for water heating, collector performances, and economical indicators were calculated with formulations using observed data. Results showed that selective absorbers were most appropriate in terms of coverage rate of energy requirement for water-heating all over Turkey. The prices of selective, copper and galvanized absorber types heating systems in Turkey were 740.49, 615.69 and 490.89 USD, respectively. While payback periods (PBPs) of the galvanized absorber were lower, net present values (NPVs) of the selective absorber were higher than the rest. Copper absorber type collectors did not appear to be appropriate based on economical indicators.

Can Ertekin; Recep Kulcu; Fatih Evrendilek

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Carbon reduction emissions in South Africa  

SciTech Connect

This project is a feasibility study for a control system for existing backup generators in South Africa. The strategy is to install a system to enable backup generators (BGs) to be dispatched only when a large generator fails. Using BGs to provide ''ten minute reserve'' will save energy and reduce emissions of greenhouse gases by an estimated nearly 500,000 tons of carbon dioxide per year.

Temchin, Jerome

2002-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

268

South Africa-World Bank Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Activities Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-World Bank Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Country South Africa Southern Africa References World Bank Climate Project Database - South Africa[1] Contents 1 Active World Bank Climate Projects in South Africa 1.1 South African Cities EE and RE program 1.2 RE Market Transformation - Global Env. Project 1.3 ESKOM Power Investment Support Project 1.4 Durban Landfill Gas-to-Electricity Project, Carbon Offset 2 References Active World Bank Climate Projects in South Africa South African Cities EE and RE program (.4M - Active) RE Market Transformation - Global Env. Project (6M - Active) ESKOM Power Investment Support Project - IBRD/IDA (3750M -

269

Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Economic Commission for Africa Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications Website: www.uneca.org/eca_resources/publications/unea-publication-tocsd15.pdf References: Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa[1] Overview "Over the last four decades, the gap between energy supply and demand in Africa has been growing. Projections by experts in the field forecast that

270

South Africa-REEEP EERE Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-REEEP EERE Activities South Africa-REEEP EERE Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-REEEP EERE Activities Agency/Company /Organization Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Country South Africa Southern Africa References REEEP project database[1] REEEP EERE Activities in South Africa Commercialisation of Large scale Solar Water Heating Systems - To establish a facility for Solar Water Heating (SWH) to scale-up current activities in large scale SWH-applications Developing a Vehicle for SWH Mass Implementation in SA - Assisting at least three cities in developing vehicles for the mass rollout of solar water heaters. Integrated Rural Energy Utility (IREU) Roadmap Facilitate the

271

Mobile Climate Monitoring Facility to Sample Skies in Africa | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mobile Climate Monitoring Facility to Sample Skies in Africa Mobile Climate Monitoring Facility to Sample Skies in Africa Mobile Climate Monitoring Facility to Sample Skies in Africa January 18, 2006 - 10:47am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. -- The U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is placing a new, portable atmospheric laboratory with sophisticated instruments and data systems in Niger, Africa, to gain a better understanding of the potential impacts of Saharan dust on global climate. Dust from Africa's Sahara desert-the largest source of dust on the planet-reaches halfway around the globe. Carried by winds and clouds, the dust travels through West African, Mediterranean, and European skies, and across the Atlantic into North America. Unfortunately, Africa is one of the most under-sampled climate regimes in the world, leaving scientists to

272

Developing Energy Enterprises Programme in Africa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Enterprises Programme in Africa Energy Enterprises Programme in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Developing Energy Enterprises Programme in Africa Agency/Company /Organization Global Village Energy Partnership (GVEP) Sector Energy Topics Market analysis, Background analysis Website http://www.gvepinternational.o Program Start 2008 Program End 2013 Country Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania Eastern Africa, Eastern Africa, Eastern Africa References GVEP Regional Activities [1] "GVEP International set up the Developing Energy Enterprises Programme (DEEP) in 2008. Spanning five years, the programme aims to provide modern energy services and products to 1.8 million people in rural and peri-urban Areas in the East African countries of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania." References ↑ "GVEP Regional Activities"

273

South Africa - Climate Change Risks and Opportunities for the Economy |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Risks and Opportunities for the Economy Risks and Opportunities for the Economy Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa - Climate Change Risks and Opportunities for the Economy Agency/Company /Organization Camco Sector Energy, Climate Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Economic Development Topics Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.climateriskandoppor Country South Africa UN Region Southern Africa References South Africa - Climate Change[1] South Africa - Climate Change Risks and Opportunities for the Economy Screenshot "The analysis contained in this report is focused on providing a framework and overview for evaluating the economic implications of climate change for South Africa. A further objective of the report is to act as a precursor

274

Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program Agency/Company /Organization: ENERGIA: International Network on Gender and Sustainability Energy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Biomass Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.energia.org/fileadmin/files/media/pubs/Guide%20on%20gender%20mains Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program Screenshot References: Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program[1] Overview "The Africa Biogas Partnership Programme (ABPP) is a six country initiative

275

South Africa-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative South Africa-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative Jump to: navigation, search Logo: South Africa-WRI Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Project Name South Africa-WRI Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Project Agency/Company /Organization World Resources Institute (WRI) Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -NAMA Resource Type Case studies/examples, Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices, Training materials, Workshop Website http://www.wri.org/mapt Program Start 2011 Country South Africa Southern Africa References Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Project[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Resources 3 Partners 4 References Overview Developing countries are increasingly undertaking mitigation efforts in

276

South Africa-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory South Africa-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: South Africa-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Name South Africa-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Agency/Company /Organization Climate Technology Initiative (CTI), United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Partner International Centre for Environmental Technology Transfer Sector Energy Focus Area Agriculture, Biomass, - Biofuels, - Landfill Gas, - Waste to Energy, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

277

Creating an Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: for Food Security...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in Africa to channel carbon offset payments from developed countries to stimulate more carbon sequestration in African farming systems. As the African nations develop their...

278

Forestry-based Carbon Sequestration Projects in Africa: Potential...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forestry-based Carbon Sequestration Projects in Africa: Potential benefits and challenges Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Forestry-based Carbon Sequestration...

279

ESMAP-Rural Electrification Strategies/Africa Electrification...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

StrategiesAfrica Electrification Initiative (RES-AEI) AgencyCompany Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank (ESMAP) Partner World Bank,...

280

Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

This Numeric Data Package Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNLCDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Biofuels in South Africa : factors influencing production and consumption.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Interest in the biofuels industry in South Africa is driven largely by high oil prices and a strain on energy resources and logistics. This (more)

Chambers, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

File:NREL-africa-glo.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

glo.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Africa - Annual Global Horizontal Solar Radiation (PDF) Size of this preview: 776 600 pixels. Full resolution...

283

Tropical Africa: Mean Biomass of Closed Forests By Country  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Forests By Country image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNLCDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information...

284

Tropical Africa: Mean Biomass of Open Forests By Country  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Forests By Country image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNLCDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information...

285

United States and South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home United States and South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation in Nuclear Energy Research and Development United States...

286

"OUT OF AFRICA: GENETICS AND HUMAN MIGRATIONS", Prof. Gyan Bhanot...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Calendar Events January 7, 2012, 9:30am Science On Saturday MBG Auditorium "OUT OF AFRICA: GENETICS AND HUMAN MIGRATIONS", Prof. Gyan Bhanot, Department of Molecular Biology,...

287

Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Access, Understanding and Application of Climate Data and Information Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary...

288

Event:LEDS GP Transportation Sector Network Training in Africa...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Calendar.png LEDS GP Transportation Sector Network Training in Africa: on 20121019 Training on transportation issues to be held with the Second Conference on Climate Change and...

289

Interrelationships in energy planning: the case of the tobacco-curing industry in Thailand  

SciTech Connect

The rapid rise in energy costs, especially oil prices, has created major dislocations in the economies of most oil-importing countries. Developing countries have suffered even more than the industrialized nations through balance-of-payments difficulties and reduced economic growth rates. One of the potential options to mitigate these effects is to develop systematically the exploitation of domestic energy resources in order to reduce dependence on imported oil. However, such a switch over requires considerations of many factors other than energy costs. Using the energy-consumption patterns of the tobacco-curing industry in Thailand as an example, it is shown that factors such as the reliability of supply, quality control, convenience in use, associated labor and capital costs, and the quality of output may well be more important in the choice of alternative energy sources than costs per kcal of delivered energy. In the Thai case, for example, low-speed diesel fuel, costing in excess of $14 per million kcal, is clearly preferred as a heating fuel to lignite costing only about $3 per million kcal. However, appropriate governmental development policies directed at upgrading the quality and usability of domestic fuel could reverse this trend. 6 tables.

Schramm, G. (Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor); Munasinghe, M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Preparation and combustion of coal-water fuel from the Sin Pun coal deposit, southern Thailand  

SciTech Connect

In response to an inquiry by the Department of Mineral Resources in Thailand, the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) prepared a program to assess the responsiveness of Sin Pun lignite to the temperature and pressure conditions of hot-water drying. The results indicate that drying made several improvements in the coal, notably increases in heating value and carbon content and reductions in equilibrium moisture and oxygen content. The equilibrium moisture content decreased from 27 wt% for the raw coal to about 15 wt% for the hot-water-dried (HWD) coals. The energy density for a pumpable coal-water fuel (CWF) indicates an increase from 4500 to 6100 Btu/lb by hot-water drying. Approximately 650 lb of HWD Sin Pun CWF were fired in the EERC`s combustion test facility. The fuel burned extremely well, with no feed problems noted during the course of the test. Fouling and slagging deposits each indicated a very low rate of ash deposition, with only a dusty layer formed on the cooled metal surfaces. The combustor was operated at between 20% and 25% excess air, resulting in a flue gas SO{sub 2} concentration averaging approximately 6500 parts per million.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Hydrocarbon prospectivity assessment of the Southern Pattani Trough, Gulf of Thailand  

SciTech Connect

The Pattani Trough is an elongate north to south basin in the Gulf of Thailand offshore area that developed from Oligocene times onward. Numerous hydrocarbon discoveries, mainly gas, have been made within the Tertiary stratigraphic section in areas adjacent to the depocenter of the basin, but only dry holes have been drilled on the extreme basin margins and flanking platform areas. The southern Pattani Trough represents a [open quotes]transition zone[close quotes] in terms of potential hydrocarbon prospectivity between the low potential/high exploration risk basin marginal areas, and the high potential/low exploration risk basin marginal area. The development of hydrocarbon accumulation potential within the southern Pattani Trough can be related to a number of major controlling factors. These include structure, which on a regional scale shows a marked influence of tectonic regime on depositional system development, and on a more local scale determines trap development; stratigraphy, which determines reservoir geometry and potential hydrocarbon source rock facies distribution; petrology, which exerts a major control on depth related reservoir quality; overpressure development, which controls local migration pathways for generated hydrocarbons, and locally provides very efficient trap seals; geochemical factors, related to potential source facies distribution, hydrocarbon type; and thermal maturation of the section. The above factors have been combined to define low-, medium-, and high-risk exploration [open quotes]play fairways[close quotes] within the prospectivity transition zone of the southern Pattani Trough.

Mountford, N. (Unocal Thailand Ltd., Bangkok (Thailand))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Density equation of bio-coal briquettes and quantity of maize cob in Phitsanulok, Thailand  

SciTech Connect

One of the most important crops in Phitsanulok, a province in Northern Thailand, is maize. BaseD on the calculation, the quantity of maize cob produced in this region was approximately 220 kton year{sup -1}. The net heating value of maize cob was found to be 14.2 MJ kg{sup -1}. Therefore, the total energy over 874 TJ year-1 can be obtained from this agricultural waste. In the experiments, maize cob was utilized as the major ingredient for producing biomass-coal briquettes. The maize cob was treated with sodium hydroxide solution before mixing with coal fine. The ratios of coal:maize were 1:2 and 1:3, respectively. The range of briquetting pressures was from 4-8 MPa. The result showed that the density was strongly affected by both parameters. Finally, the relationship between biomass ratio, briquetting pressures and briquette density was developed and validated by using regression technique. 13 refs., 2 figs.

Patomsok Wilaipon [Naresuan University, Phitsanulok (Thailand). Department of Mechanical Engineering

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Wiang Haeng coal-water fuel preparation and gasification, Thailand - task 39  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In response to an inquiry by the Department of Mineral Resources (DMR) in Thailand, the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) prepared a four-task program to assess the responsiveness of Wiang Haeng coal to the temperature and pressure conditions of hot-water drying (HWD). The results indicate that HWD made several improvements in the coal, notably increases (HWD). The results indicate that HWD made several improvements in the coal, notably increases in heating value and carbon content and reductions in equilibrium moisture and oxygen content. The equilibrium moisture content decreased from 37.4 wt% for the raw coal to about 20 wt% for the HWD coals. The energy density for a pumpable coal-water fuel indicates an increase from 4450 to 6650 Btu/lb by hydrothermal treatment. Raw and HWD coal were then gasified at various mild gasification conditions of 700{degrees}C and 30 psig. The tests indicated that the coal is probably similar to other low-rank coals, will produce high levels of hydrogen, and be fairly reactive.

Anderson, C.M.; Musich, M.A.; Young, B.C. [and others

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

A survey on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations in soil in Chiang-Mai, Thailand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soil samples were collected at 30 sampling sites along roadsides in the city of Chiang-Mai, Thailand, in February 1996, and concentrations of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were determined. The distribution of PAH concentration in the soil samples was almost log-normal for all PAHs. Concentrations of pyrene (Py) and fluoranthene (Fluor) were the highest, followed by those of benzo[ghi]perylene and coronene (Cor). Since PAH concentrations were highest on the roadside where the traffic density was high, vehicles were the main determinants of PAH concentration in soil in Chiang-Mai. Significant correlations among PAH concentrations were found for almost all PAHs. PAH profiles in the air were different from those in the soil. For example, relative benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) concentration in the soil was significantly lower than that in the air. Relative concentrations of Fluor, Py, chrysene, and Cor in the soil were considerably higher than those in the air, due presumably to their difference in photochemical reactivities and in sources. The sampling of soil has advantages relative to that of air: (1) collection of soil is easy; (2) it needs no special equipment and electricity; (3) it takes little time; and (4) it can be collected anywhere. Therefore PAH analysis in soil was useful as a proxy-screening tool for air pollution levels with consideration of compositional differences between soil and air samples.

Amagai, Takashi; Takahashi, Yukari; Matsushita, Hidetsuru [Univ. of Shizuoka (Japan); Morknoy, D.; Sukasem, P.; Taucanon, M. [Technopolis, Pathumthani (Thailand). Environmental Research and Training Center

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Present coal potential of Turkey and coal usage in electricity generation  

SciTech Connect

Total coal reserve (hard coal + lignite) in the world is 984 billion tons. While hard coal constitutes 52% of the total reserve, lignite constitutes 48% of it. Turkey has only 0.1% of world hard coal reserve and 1.5% of world lignite reserves. Turkey has 9th order in lignite reserve, 8th order in lignite production, and 12th order in total coal (hard coal and lignite) consumption. While hard coal production meets only 13% of its consumption, lignite production meets lignite consumption in Turkey. Sixty-five percent of produced hard coal and 78% of produced lignite are used for electricity generation. Lignites are generally used for electricity generation due to their low quality. As of 2003, total installed capacity of Turkey was 35,587 MW, 19% (6,774 MW) of which is produced from coal-based thermal power plants. Recently, use of natural gas in electricity generation has increased. While the share of coal in electricity generation was about 50% for 1986, it is replaced by natural gas today.

Yilmaz, A.O. [Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon (Turkey). Mining Engineering Department

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Modeling the Economic Impact of Pandemic Influenza: A Case Study in Turkey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Influenza pandemics have occurred intermittently throughout the 20th century and killed millions of people worldwide. It is expected that influenza pandemics will continue to occur in the near future. Huge number of deaths and cases is the most troublesome ... Keywords: Cost analysis, Economic impact, Pandemic influenza, Turkey

Elcin Yoldascan; Behice Kurtaran; Melik Koyuncu; Esra Koyuncu

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Perspectives on Higher Education in Africa: Fieldnotes on Trends, Themes, Challenges and Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sector. In Higher Education in Africa: Achievements,A History of African Higher Education from Antiquity to theand Challenges of Higher Education in Africa. In Higher

Bulfin, Michael Patrick

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

A simulation model of Rio Grande wild turkey dynamics in the Edwards Plateau of Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I investigated the effect of precipitation and predator abundance on Rio Grande wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo; RGWT) in Texas. My results suggested that RGWT production was strongly correlated with cumulative winter precipitation over the range of the RGWT in Texas. However, I found no evidence that predator abundance influenced RGWT production, although spatial-asynchrony of predator populations at multiple spatial scales might have masked broad-scale effects. Using the results of these analyses, as well as empirical data derived from the literature and from field studies in the southern Edwards Plateau, I developed a stochastic, density-dependent, sex- and agespecific simulation model of wild turkey population dynamics. I used the model to evaluate the effect of alternative harvest management strategies on turkey populations. Sensitivity analysis of the model suggested that shape of the density-dependence relationship, clutch size, hatchability, juvenile sex ratio, poult survival, juvenile survival, and nonbreeding hen mortality most strongly influenced model outcome. Of these, density-dependence, sex ratio, and juvenile survival were least understood and merit further research. My evaluation of fall hen harvest suggested that current rates do not pose a threat to turkey populations. Moreover, it appears that hen harvest can be extended to other portions of the RGWT range without reducing turkey abundance, assuming that population dynamics and harvest rates are similar to those in the current fall harvest zone. Finally, simulation of alternative hen harvest rates suggested that rates ?5% of the fall hen population resulted in significant declines in the simulated population after 25 years, and rates ?15% resulted in significant risk of extinction to the simulated population.

Schwertner, Thomas Wayne

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

South Africa-Quantifying Emission Reduction Opportunities in Emerging  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Quantifying Emission Reduction Opportunities in Emerging South Africa-Quantifying Emission Reduction Opportunities in Emerging Economies Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Quantifying Emission Reduction Opportunities in Emerging Economies Agency/Company /Organization Ecofys Sector Energy Topics Background analysis, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Pathways analysis Website http://www.ecofys.com/files/fi Program Start 2009 Country South Africa Southern Africa References G8 Climate Scorecards[1] Overview Ecofys developed emission reduction scenarios for the G5 developing countries including; business as usual, no- regret, and ambitious scenarios. They also evaluated current national climate plans. From the study: "The participation of emerging economies is one of the major items of discussion on a future international climate regime. Action

300

South Africa-Capital Markets Climate Initiative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Capital Markets Climate Initiative South Africa-Capital Markets Climate Initiative Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Capital Markets Climate Initiative Agency/Company /Organization World Economic Forum Partner UK Department of Energy and Climate Sector Climate Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Website http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/cont Country South Africa Southern Africa References CMCI[1] World Economic Forum[2] The Capital Markets Climate Initiative (CMCI) is a public-private initiative designed to support the scale up of private finance flows for low carbon technologies, solutions and infrastructure in developing economies by: Developing a common understanding amongst policy makers of why and how public sector action can help mobilise private capital and encourage

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

South Africa Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in South Africa Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing Countries and the Development of Methods and Instruments for Identifying Reduction Potential and Implementing NAMAs Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing Countries and the Development of Methods and Instruments for Identifying Reduction Potential and Implementing NAMAs Agency/Company /Organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Greenhouse Gas Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Market analysis Website http://www.giz.de/en/ Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country South Africa Southern Africa

302

South Africa HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

South Africa HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration South Africa HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > content > Four-Year Plan > South Africa HEU Removal South Africa HEU Removal Location South Africa United States 30° 33' 35.0604" S, 22° 19' 27.1884" E See map: Google Maps Printer-friendly version Printer-friendly version

303

Solar Energy for Africa SEFA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SEFA SEFA Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar Energy for Africa (SEFA) Place Kampala, Uganda Sector Solar, Wind energy Product Involved in the sales of solar and wind products, design installation and maintenance. References Solar Energy for Africa (SEFA)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Solar Energy for Africa (SEFA) is a company located in Kampala, Uganda . References ↑ "Solar Energy for Africa (SEFA)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Solar_Energy_for_Africa_SEFA&oldid=351267" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version

304

ESMAP-Rural Electrification Strategies/Africa Electrification Initiative  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Strategies/Africa Electrification Initiative Strategies/Africa Electrification Initiative (RES-AEI) Jump to: navigation, search Name ESMAP-Rural Electrification Strategies/Africa Electrification Initiative (RES-AEI) Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank (ESMAP) Partner World Bank, International Finance Corporation (IFC) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Grid Assessment and Integration Topics Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Implementation, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.esmap.org/esmap/RES Program Start 2008 References ESMAP-Rural Electrification Strategies/Africa Electrification Initiative (RES-AEI)[1] "In early 2008, ESMAP launched the Lighting Africa initiative to provide up

305

Techno-Economic Assessment of Solar PV/Thermal System for Power and Cooling Generation in Antalya, Turkey.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? In this study a roof-top PVT/absorption chiller system is modeled for a hotel building in Antalya, Turkey to cover the cooling demand of the (more)

Kumbasar, Serdar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Reservoir characterization helping to sustain oil production in Thailand's Sirikit Field  

SciTech Connect

Sirikit field is located in the Phitsanulok basin of Thailand's north-central plains. The main reservoir sequence is some 400 m thick and comprises thin interbedded fluvio-lacustrine clay and sandstones. Initial oil volumes after exploration and appraisal drilling in 1981-1984 were estimated at some 180 million bbl. However, further development/appraisal drilling and the following up of new opportunities allowed a better delineation of the reservoirs, resulting in an increased STOIIP and recovery. Total in-place oil volumes were increased to 791 million bbl and the expectation of ultimate recovery to 133 million bbl. To date, 131 wells have been drilled, 65 MMstb have been produced, and production stands at 23,000 bbl/day. Extensive reservoir studies were among the techniques and methods used to assess whether water injection would be a viable further development option. A reservoir geological model was set up through (1) core studies, (2) a detailed sand correlation, and (3) reservoir quality mapping. This model showed that despite considerable heterogeneity most sands are continuous. Reservoir simulation indicated that water injection is viable in the north-central part of the field and that it will increase the Sirikit field reserves by 12 million; this is now part of Thai Shell's reserves portfolio. Injection will start in 1994. New up-to-date seismic and mapping techniques (still) using the old 3-D seismic data acquired in 1983 are being used for further reservoir delineation. This work is expected to result in a further reserve increase.

Shaafsma, C.E.; Phuthithammakul, S. (Thai Shell Exploration and Production Co. Ltd., Bangkok (Thailand))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

A forecasting model of tourist arrivals from major markets to Thailand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International tourism is a rapidly growing phenomenon hics. worldwide. However, the East Asia and Pacific Region is expected to be the focus of the worldwide tourism industry in the new millennium because tourist arrivals and receipts registered a growth about twice the rates of industrialized countries in the last decade. The tourism industry has become a powerful engine for economic development and a major foreign exchange generator. With such growth and increased competition, it is vitally important to forecast tourism demand in the region and understand the factors affecting demand. Considering the national importance of tourism, Thailand was chosen as the destination country with nine major markets as the countries of origin. A model was developed for each country to forecast tourism demand from that market. Multiple regression analysis was applied over time series data. The empirical results suggest that independent variables, such as income level in the country of origin, prices of tourism goods in the destination country, currency exchange rate between the origin and destination country, and rooms supply in destination, do affect tourism demand. Qualitative factors, represented by dummy variables, namely special promotional program and political unrest, show slight impact on demand. The study reveals that there are differences in the relative impacts of variables among the tourist generating countries. Thus, country-specific forecasting models and strategies must be formulated to reflect the uniqueness of each country of origin. Furthermore, forecasting techniques should include more qualitative factors to better asses their impacts on tourism demand. For future research, it is suggested that the models developed be updated regularly to reflect changes in the selected independent variables. Surveys and studies dealing with consumer motivation should be carried out to understand more about the tourists themselves and how they select particular destinations and types of tourism. Finally, in order to take advantage of modern technologies, the Internet is suggested as a tool to promote tourism.

Hao, Ching

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Global Threat Reduction Initiative Africa and Middle East Project Plan 2012  

SciTech Connect

GTRI Africa and Middle East Project Plan submitted for school project to American Graduate University.

Jamison, Jeremy D.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

U.S. Exports to South Africa of Petroleum Coke (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum Coke Exports by Destination; South Africa Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination ...

310

Potential impact of Thailand's alcohol program on production, consumption, and trade of cassava, sugarcane, and corn  

SciTech Connect

On the first of May 1980, Thailand's fuel-alcohol program was announced by the Thai government. According to the program, a target of 147 million liters of ethanol would be produced in 1981, from cassava, sugarcane, and other biomasses. Projecting increases in output each year, the target level of ethanol produciton was set at 482 million liters of ethanol for 1986. The proposed amount of ethanol production could create a major shift up in the demand schedule of energy crops such as cassava, sugarcane, and corn. The extent of the adjustments in price, production, consumption, and exports for these energy crops need to be evaluated. The purpose of this study is to assess the potential impact of Thailand's fuel-alcohol program on price, production, consumption, and exports of three potential energy crops: cassava, sugarcane, and corn. Econometric commodity models of cassava, sugarcane, and corn are constructed and used as a method of assessment. The overall results of the forecasting simulations of the models indicate that the fuel-alcohol program proposed by the Thai government will cause the price, production, and total consumption of cassava, sugarcane, and corn to increase; on the other hand, it will cause exports to decline. In addition, based on the relative prices and the technical coefficients of ethanol production of these three energy crops, this study concludes that only cassava should be used to produce the proposed target of ethanol production.

Boonserm, P.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

eGY-Africa: Addressing the Digital Divide for Science in Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Adoption of information and communication technologies and access to the Internet is expanding in Africa, but because of the rapid growth elsewhere, a Digital Divide between Africa and the rest of the world exists, and the gap is growing. In many sub-Saharan African countries, education and research sector suffers some of the worst deficiencies in access to the Internet, despite progress in development of NRENs - National Research and Education (cyber) Networks. By contrast, it is widely acknowledged in policy statements from the African Union, the UN, and others that strength in this very sector provides the key to meeting and sustaining Millennium Development Goals. Developed countries with effective cyber-capabilities proclaim the benefits to rich and poor alike arising from the Information Revolution. This is but a dream for many scientists in African institutions. As the world of science becomes increasingly Internet-dependent, so they become increasingly isolated. eGY-Africa is a bottom-up initiative by African scientists and their collaborators to try to reduce this Digital Divide by a campaign of advocacy for better institutional facilities. Four approaches are being taken. The present status of Internet services, problems, and plans are being mapped via a combination of direct measurement of Internet performance (the PingER Project) and a questionnaire-based survey. Information is being gathered on policy statements and initiatives aimed at reducing the Digital Divide, which can be used for arguing the case for better Internet facilities. Groups of concerned scientists are being formed at the national, regional levels in Africa, building on existing networks as much as possible. Opinion in the international science community is being mobilized. Finally, and perhaps most important of all, eGY-Africa is seeking to engage with the many other programs, initiatives, and bodies that share the goal of reducing the Digital Divide - either as a direct policy objective, or indirectly as a means to an end, such as the development of an indigenous capability in science and technology for national development. The expectation is that informed opinion from the scientific community at the institutional, national, and international levels can be used to influence the decision makers and donors who are in a position to deliver better Internet capabilities.

Barton, C.E.; /Australian Natl. U., Canberra; Amory-Mazaudier, C.; /Lab.Phys.Plasmas, Saint Maur des Fosses; Barry, B.; /Assoc.African Univ., Accra; Chukwuma; /Olabisi Onabanjo U.; Cottrell, R.L.; /SLAC; Kalim, U.; /Pakistan Natl. U.; Mebrahtu, A.; /Mekelle U.; Petitdidier, M.; /Lab. d'Atmos., Velizy; Rabiu, B.; /Federal Tech. U., Akure; Reeves, C.; /Earthworks bv, Delft

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

312

eGY-Africa: Addressing the Digital Divide for Science in Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Adoption of information and communication technologies and access to the Internet is expanding in Africa, but because of the rapid growth elsewhere, a Digital Divide between Africa and the rest of the world exists, and the gap is growing. In many sub-Saharan African countries, education and research sector suffer some of the worst deficiencies in access to the Internet, despite progress in development of NRENs National Research and Education (cyber) Networks. By contrast, it is widely acknowledged in policy statements from the African Union, the UN, and others that strength in this very sector provides the key to meeting and sustaining Millennium Development Goals. Developed countries with effective cyber-capabilities proclaim the benefits to rich and poor alike arising from the Information Revolution. This is but a dream for many scientists in African institutions. As the world of science becomes increasingly Internet-dependent, so they become increasingly isolated. eGY-Africa is a bottom-up initiative by African scientists and their collaborators to try to reduce this Digital Divide by a campaign of advocacy for better institutional facilities. Four approaches are being taken. The present status of Internet services, problems, and plans are being mapped via a combination of direct measurement of Internet performance (the PingER Project) and a questionnaire-based survey. Information is being gathered on policy statements and initiatives aimed at reducing the Digital Divide, which can be used for arguing the case for better Internet facilities. Groups of concerned scientists are being formed at the national, regional levels in Africa, building on existing networks as much as possible. Opinion in the international science community is being mobilized. Finally, and perhaps most important of all, eGY-Africa is seeking to engage with the many other programs, initiatives, and bodies that share the goal of reducing the Digital Divide either as a direct policy objective, or indirectly as a means to an end, such as the development of an indigenous capability in science and technology for national development. The expectation is that informed opinion from the scientific community at the institutional, national, and international levels can be used to influence the decision makers and donors who are in a position to deliver better Internet capabilities.

Barton, C. E.

2010-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

313

Fossil fuel potential of Turkey: A statistical evaluation of reserves, production, and consumption  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since Turkey is a developing country with tremendous economic growth, its energy demand is also getting increased. Of this energy, about 70% is supplied from fossil fuels and the remaining 30% is from renewable sources. Among the fossil fuels, 90% of oil, natural gas, and coal are imported, and only 10% is from domestic sources. All the lignite is supplied from domestic sources. The total share of renewable sources and lignite in the total energy production is 45%. In order for Turkey to have sufficient and reliable energy sources, first the renewable energy sources must be developed, and energy production from fossil fuels, except for lignite, must be minimized. Particularly, scarcity of fossil fuels and increasing oil prices have a strong effect on economic growth of the country.

Korkmaz, S.; Kara-Gulbay, R.; Turan, M. [Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon (Turkey)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Climate Information for Development Needs: An Action Plan for Africa | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Information for Development Needs: An Action Plan for Africa Climate Information for Development Needs: An Action Plan for Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Climate Information for Development Needs: An Action Plan for Africa Agency/Company /Organization: World Meteorological Organization, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.wmo.int/pages/prog/gcos/Publications/gcos-108.pdf UN Region: "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

315

An Application of the Coda Methodology for Moment-Rate Spectra Using Broadband Stations in Turkey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A recently developed coda magnitude methodology was applied to selected broadband stations in Turkey for the purpose of testing the coda method in a large, laterally complex region. As found in other, albeit smaller regions, coda envelope amplitude measurements are significantly less variable than distance-corrected direct wave measurements (i.e., L{sub g} and surface waves) by roughly a factor 3-to-4. Despite strong lateral crustal heterogeneity in Turkey, they found that the region could be adequately modeled assuming a simple 1-D, radially symmetric path correction. After calibrating the stations ISP, ISKB and MALT for local and regional distances, single-station moment-magnitude estimates (M{sub W}) derived from the coda spectra were in excellent agreement with those determined from multistation waveform modeling inversions, exhibiting a data standard deviation of 0.17. Though the calibration was validated using large events, the results of the calibration will extend M{sub W} estimates to significantly smaller events which could not otherwise be waveform modeled. The successful application of the method is remarkable considering the significant lateral complexity in Turkey and the simple assumptions used in the coda method.

Eken Tuna, Kevin Mayeda, Abraham Hofstetter, Rengin Gok, Gonca Orgulu, Niyazi Turkelli

2004-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

316

For sustainable development: some aspects on energy and environment in Turkey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The high energy demand in Turkey is closely linked to economic growth, industrialization, and population increase. Turkish general energy policies are designed to support economic and social development. Natural conditions of Turkey are favorable for utilization of new and renewable energies, such as hydraulic energy, geothermal energy, wind energy, biomass energy, solar energy, and, probably, nuclear energy. As the use of hydraulic and coal in Turkey will reach its full capacity by 2020, imported natural gas, coal, and other resources will be used to meet the energy demand. By 2020, approximately 75% of final energy demand and 67% of electricity supply will be met by coal, oil, and natural gas. Energy investments, which are closely related with the environmental protection, require massive financial resources. It is also important to use standardized equipment and materials in all areas of energy generation, transmission, distribution, and trade. For a sustainable development, the next investments on industry should be made for the clean technologies in regard with being environment-friendly.

Salvarli, H. [Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir (Turkey). Izmir Vocational School

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Renewable Energy in South Africa: Issues and Prospects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Renewable Energy in South Africa: Issues and Prospects Renewable Energy in South Africa: Issues and Prospects Speaker(s): Ogunlade Davidson Date: February 1, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Lynn Price The present contribution of Renewable Energy to the total power supply through grid electricity in South Africa is negligible. However, the government driven by concerns for rural electrification, while realising their overall sustainable objectives and environmental pressures, has set a target of achieving 5% grid supply from renewable technologies by 2010. It is advocated that this target as stated in their strategy paper should be achieved through the development of micro-hydro, biomass, solar and wind systems. Existing renewable energy systems that are operating in South Africa shows that there are major challenges in achieving this target. This

318

United Nations Economic Commission for Africa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name United Nations Economic Commission for Africa Address Economic Commission for Africa, P.O. Box 3001, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Place Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Year founded 1958 Phone number +251 11 551 7200 Website http://www.uneca.org/index.htm Coordinates 9.022736°, 38.746799° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":9.022736,"lon":38.746799,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

319

Energy, Environment and Development Network for Africa | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy, Environment and Development Network for Africa Energy, Environment and Development Network for Africa Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Energy, Environment and Development Network for Africa Name Energy, Environment and Development Network for Africa Address P.O. Box 30979 GPO 00100 Place Nairobi, Kenya Phone number +254-722509804 Coordinates -1.2860434°, 36.8191713° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-1.2860434,"lon":36.8191713,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

320

Event:Hydropower Africa 2012 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2012 2012 Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Hydropower Africa 2012: on 2012/09/04 "Hydropower Africa 2012 is the largest hydropower event of its kind in Africa boasting over 450 visitors from across the globe. It looks at planned projects and tender prospects for hydropower development in Africa and innovative funding solutions for projects - big and small. Refurbishment and modernisation updates of major hydropower facilities as well as operation and maintenance best practices from across the continent will be presented and discussed. Infrastructure development and African-appropriate engineering solutions to provide power to villages, rural areas and urban communities and achieving operational objectives while addressing environment and social challenges will be examined through

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

File:NREL-africa-dir.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dir.pdf dir.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Africa - Annual Direct Normal Solar Radiation (PDF) Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 5.95 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Africa - Annual Direct Normal Solar Radiation (PDF) Description Africa - Annual Direct Normal Solar Radiation (PDF) Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2005-01-11 Extent Continent Countries Africa UN Region File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:32, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:32, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (5.95 MB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

322

Energy Efficiency Measurement & Verification in South Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency Measurement & Verification in South Africa Energy Efficiency Measurement & Verification in South Africa Speaker(s): Xiaohua Xia Date: December 17, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Stephane de la Rue du Can Measurement and verification (M&V) is the process of using measurements to reliably determine actual saving created within an individual facility by an energy management program. This talk will describe the basics of M&V, and introduce how M&V is conducted in the Republic of South Africa. Topics covered include the history of M&V in South Africa, the business structure, and the Eskom-led M&V protocols and guidelines of M&V. The talk will also present how the M&V profession is governed and regulated by the national professional body, the national standard (the first in the world), and a

323

Sustainable Energy Society Southern Africa (SESSA) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa (SESSA) Africa (SESSA) Jump to: navigation, search Name Sustainable Energy Society Southern Africa (SESSA) Place South Africa Coordinates -30.559482°, 22.937506° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-30.559482,"lon":22.937506,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

324

South Africa-Danish Government Baseline Workstream | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Danish Government Baseline Workstream Danish Government Baseline Workstream Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Danish Government Baseline Workstream Agency/Company /Organization Danish Government Partner Danish Ministry for Climate, Energy, and Building; The Danish Energy Agency Sector Energy Topics Implementation, Low emission development planning Program Start 2011 Country South Africa Southern Africa References Denmark[1] Overview Progress and Outcomes Capacity building needs identified are lessons learned, challenges and gaps, including those that may be common between countries, and aspects of good practice for assumptions, methodologies and other aspects of baseline setting. References ↑ "Denmark" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=South_Africa-Danish_Government_Baseline_Workstream&oldid=699933"

325

U.S.-South Africa Energy Meeting | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U.S.-South Africa Energy Meeting U.S.-South Africa Energy Meeting U.S.-South Africa Energy Meeting December 3, 2013 - 5:35pm Addthis U.S.-South Africa Energy Meeting South African Minister of Energy Benedict Martins and U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman met December 2, 2013, in Washington, DC, for the fourth U.S.-South African Energy Dialogue, together with representatives of supporting U.S. and South African agencies. They reaffirmed the strong ongoing energy development in both nations -- including shale gas, civilian nuclear energy, renewable energy and energy efficiency --to meet our shared energy and climate goals, and the important role of private trade and investment in achieving those goals. The Minister and the Deputy Secretary agreed to: Increase collaboration on the safe and efficient development of

326

Viridis Africa 2013 - investment in cleantech | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Viridis Africa 2013 - investment in cleantech Viridis Africa 2013 - investment in cleantech Home > Groups > Clean and Renewable Energy SuzaAdam's picture Submitted by SuzaAdam(10) Member 3 March, 2013 - 10:32 On the 15th & 16th October 2013 the third Clean Technology business and investment matchmaking conference for the African continent is to be held at the Killarney Country Club, Lower Houghton South Africa. Called Viridis Africa, the event is dedicated to entrepreneurs and corporates who are seeking funding to introduce clean technology solutions and services. Principals who would present their business opportunities at this event would have the audience of numerous local and foreign investors, stratified according to their interest and investment criteria. Investors would include venture capital, private equity, project and

327

Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

80 image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNLCDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, U.S....

328

Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

60 image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNLCDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, U.S....

329

Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

70 image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNLCDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, U.S....

330

Surface Temperature Variations in East Africa and Possible Causes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface temperatures have been observed in East Africa for more than 100 yr, but heretofore have not been subject to a rigorous climate analysis. To pursue this goal monthly averages of maximum (TMax), minimum (TMin), and mean (TMean) ...

John R. Christy; William B. Norris; Richard T. McNider

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Diagnosing the 2005 Drought in Equatorial East Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Equatorial East Africa suffered severe drought during its 2005 short rains, centered on OctoberNovember. The circulation mechanisms of such precipitation anomalies are examined, using long-term upper-air and surface datasets, and based on ...

Stefan Hastenrath; Dierk Polzin; Charles Mutai

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Prediction of the Summer Rainfall over South Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study develops methods for the extended-range forecasting of summer rainfall in the eastern part of southern Africa. The predictand is an index (TVR) of the DecemberJanuaryFebruary precipitation in the Transvaal. The predictors are based ...

Stefan Hastenrath; Lawrence Greischar; Johan van Heepden

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Development FERTILIZER CONSUMPTION TRENDS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INTRODUCTION: It is well understood that intensification of smallholder agriculture is critical to future economic development in most of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). There is a widespread view, however, that smallholders use of agricultural inputs, notably

T. S. Jayne; Valerie Kelly; Eric Crawford

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

A strategy for low income housing in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is the intent of this thesis to investigate an alternative strategy for design and implementation of low cost housing in South Africa. For this purpose a site is chosen and a design strategy is formulated. The core ...

Niazmand, Seyed Safadin

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Oil and Natural Gas in Sub-Saharan Africa  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Oil and Natural Gas in Sub-Saharan Africa August 1, 2013 ... The Middle East has 13 times that amount and Central and South America has 5 times that amount.

336

Dynamics of Wet and Dry Years in West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a theoretical framework for describing interannual climatic variability over West Africa. The dynamical theory of zonally symmetrical thermally direct circulations suggests that a meridional monsoon circulation must develop ...

Elfatih A. B. Eltahir; Cuiling Gong

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Large-Scale Recirculation of Air over Southern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kinematic air parcel trajectory analysis is used to determine patterns of horizontal air transport in 2000 km 2000 km areas over southern Africa. From these, composite zonal and meridional transport fields are derived for the subcontinent to ...

P. D. Tyson; M. Garstang; R. Swap

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Airstream Regions of North Africa and the Mediterranean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mean monthly surface wind streamline charts for the North Africa-Mediterranean region are extracted from a previously prepared Northern Hemisphere set. These charts define mean airstream sources and mean confluences or fronts. Composite charts ...

C. Vada LaFontaine; Reid A. Bryson; Wayne M. Wendland

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Cycles and Propagation of Deep Convection over Equatorial Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long-term statistics of organized convection are vital to improved understanding of the hydrologic cycle at various scales. Satellite observations are used to understand the timing, duration, and frequency of deep convection in equatorial Africa, ...

Arlene G. Laing; Richard E. Carbone; Vincenzo Levizzani

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Features of Westerly Waves Propagating over Southern Africa during Summer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Middle latitude westerly waves skirting the southern tip of Africa during summer were examined for consistent features. Composite, upper air rawind soundings for two independent cases were analyzed. The thermodynamic and dynamic fields were ...

Bruce Kelbe

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Intraseasonal Variability over Tropical Africa during Northern Summer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The intraseasonal variability over Africa during northern summer was analyzed, using 25 years of NCEP NCAR reanalysis and satellite data. The dominant pattern of variability was one of enhanced deep convection over the whole African monsoon ...

Adrian J. Matthews

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

South Africa-IEA Network of Expertise in Energy Technology |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon South Africa-IEA Network of Expertise in Energy Technology Jump to: navigation, search Name South...

343

Synoptic Wave Perturbations and Convective Systems over Equatorial Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spectral analysis of the outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) time series over equatorial Africa reveals large oscillations of the convection with periods of between 3 and 6 days. In March and April, when the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) ...

Hanh Nguyen; Jean-Philippe Duvel

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Eddies at the Subtropical Convergence South of Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A descriptive analysis of the occurrence and kinematics of mesoscale eddies at the subtropical convergence south of Africa is presented. Data used in this study include thermal infrared imagery from satellites since 1978 and a number of ...

J. R. E. Lutjeharms; H. R. Valentine

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Soil Moisture Feedbacks to Precipitation in Southern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of increased soil moisture on wet season (OctoberMarch) precipitation in southern Africa are investigated using the Community Climate System Model version 3 (CCSM3). In the CTRL case, soil moisture is allowed to interact dynamically ...

Benjamin I. Cook; Gordon B. Bonan; Samuel Levis

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

A Regional Model Study of Synoptic Features over West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synoptic weather features over West Africa were studied in simulations by the regional simulation model (RM) at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies. These pioneering simulations represent the beginning of an effort to adapt regional ...

Leonard M. Druyan; Matthew Fulakeza; Patrick Lonergan; Mahaman Saloum

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Event:Expanded Constituency Workshop for West Africa | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Expanded Constituency Workshop for West Africa Expanded Constituency Workshop for West Africa Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Expanded Constituency Workshop for West Africa: on 2012/09/04 The Global Environment Facility (GEF) is holding an Expanded Constituency Workshop (ECW) for West Africa, as part of the GEF Country Support Programme, including participants from Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra leone, Guinea and Togo. The workshop will bring together representatives from civil society, the GEF Secretariat and GEF Agencies, with focal points of the biodiversity, desertification, climate change, and chemicals conventions to discuss activities with global environmental benefits. Civil society organizations are invited to register at the meeting website. Runs September 4 - 6

348

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

, Kazakhstan + , Mexico + , Morocco + , Nigeria + , Philippines + , South Africa + , Thailand + , Tunisia + ProgramSector Climate + , Energy + ProgramTopics Background analysis +...

349

No Slide Title  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Amended * Current Agreements in Force (Continued): - Indonesia - Japan - Kazakhstan - Korea, Republic of - Morocco - Norway - Romania - South Africa - Switzerland - Thailand -...

350

Slide 1  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

* Canada * China * Colombia * Egypt * EURATOM * IAEA * Indonesia * Japan * Kazakhstan * Korea, Rep. of * Morocco * Norway * Peru * South Africa * Switzerland * Taiwan * Thailand *...

351

No Slide Title  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

* Current Agreements in Force (Continued): - Indonesia - Japan - Kazakhstan - Korea, Republic of - Morocco - Norway - Romania - South Africa - Switzerland - Thailand -...

352

Population Survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Philippines. 49. Polynesia. 143(x2). Southeast Asian. 143. 74. Syria. 172. Thailand. 45. Turkey. 81. 146,148, 169(x2). 7. 198. 111. United Arab Emirates ...

2007-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

353

Exchange Market Pressure and Absorption by International Reserves: Emerging Markets and Fear of Reserve Loss During the 2008-09 Crisis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the exception of Venezuela, all the emerging marketsrespectively), followed by Venezuela, Morocco, India andThailand, Turkey and Venezuela. We exclude Hungary because

Aizenman, Joshua; Hutchison, Michael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

South Africa Long Term Mitigation Scenarios | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa Long Term Mitigation Scenarios South Africa Long Term Mitigation Scenarios Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: South Africa Long Term Mitigation Scenarios Agency/Company /Organization: South Africa Department of Environment Affairs and Tourism Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Low emission development planning Resource Type: Case studies/examples Website: www.erc.uct.ac.za/Research/publications/07Scenario_team-LTMS_Scenarios Country: South Africa Southern Africa Coordinates: -30.559482°, 22.937506° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-30.559482,"lon":22.937506,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

355

Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

en Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country India, Mexico, South Africa, Thailand Southern Asia, Central America, Southern Africa, South-Eastern Asia References...

356

Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Philippines, South Africa, Thailand, Tunisia UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Middle East and North Africa...

357

Danish Government - Baseline Workstream | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Chile, China, Ethiopia, Indonesia, India, Kenya, Mexico, South Africa, Vietnam, Thailand South America, South America, Eastern Asia, Eastern Africa, South-Eastern Asia,...

358

Earthquake dates and water level changes in wells in the Eskisehir region,Turkey Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(5), 777781 (2003) EGU  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Earthquake dates and water level changes in wells in the Eskisehir region,Turkey 777 Hydrology changes in wells in the Eskisehir region, Turkey Galip Yuce and Didem Ugurluoglu Department of Geological common indicators of an anomalous precursor is a change in groundwater level in existing wells. Further

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

359

Landslide susceptibility mapping using frequency ratio, logistic regression, artificial neural networks and their comparison: A case study from Kat landslides (Tokat-Turkey)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to compare the landslide susceptibility mapping methods of frequency ratio (FR), logistic regression and artificial neural networks (ANN) applied in the Kat County (Tokat-Turkey). Digital elevation model (DEM) was first constructed ... Keywords: Artificial neural networks, Frequency ratio, GIS, Kat (Tokat-Turkey), Landslide, Logistic regression, Susceptibility map

I??k Yilmaz

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Carbon Market Opportunities for the Forestry Sector of Africa | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon Market Opportunities for the Forestry Sector of Africa Carbon Market Opportunities for the Forestry Sector of Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Carbon Market Opportunities for the Forestry Sector of Africa Agency/Company /Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Winrock International Sector: Land Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Forestry Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Presentation Website: www.winrock.org/ecosystems/files/Winrock_FAO_Carbon_opportunities_in_A UN Region: "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

South Africa-National Development Plan: Vision for 2030 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-National Development Plan: Vision for 2030 South Africa-National Development Plan: Vision for 2030 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: South Africa-National Development Plan: Vision for 2030 Agency/Company /Organization: Government of South Africa Sector: Climate, Energy, Land, Water Focus Area: Economic Development Topics: Background analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.npconline.co.za/medialib/downloads/home/NPC%20National%20Developme Cost: Free UN Region: Southern Africa Language: English South Africa-National Development Plan: Vision for 2030 Screenshot References: South Africa-National Development Plan[1] References ↑ "South Africa-National Development Plan" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=South_Africa-National_Development_Plan:_Vision_for_2030&oldid=391220"

362

World Bank-Low-carbon Energy Projects for Development in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Projects for Development in Sub-Saharan Africa Projects for Development in Sub-Saharan Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Low-carbon Energy Projects for Development in Sub-Saharan Africa Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Publications Website http://wbcarbonfinance.org/doc UN Region "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

363

Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa Agency/Company /Organization International Food Policy Research Institute Sector Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory Resource Type Publications Website http://www.ifpri.org/sites/def Country Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda UN Region "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

364

Event:Second Conference on Climate Change and Development in Africa | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Change and Development in Africa Change and Development in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Second Conference on Climate Change and Development in Africa: on 2012/10/19 "The Climate Change and Development in Africa (CCDA) conference will be the second of its kind as part of the Climate for Development in Africa (Clim-Dev Africa) work programme and provides a forum for dialogue and engagement with various stakeholders involved in addressing climate and development issues in Africa. The programme has been mandated at regional meetings of African Heads of State and Government, as well as by Africa's Ministers of Finance, Planning and Environment, and responds to the urgent challenge that climate change poses to the advancement of Africa's development objectives. More concretely, it seeks to address the need for

365

The development of multi-objective optimization model for excess bagasse utilization: A case study for Thailand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a multi-objective optimization model is proposed as a tool to assist in deciding for the proper utilization scheme of excess bagasse produced in sugarcane industry. Two major scenarios for excess bagasse utilization are considered in the optimization. The first scenario is the typical situation when excess bagasse is used for the onsite electricity production. In case of the second scenario, excess bagasse is processed for the offsite ethanol production. Then the ethanol is blended with an octane rating of 91 gasoline by a portion of 10% and 90% by volume respectively and the mixture is used as alternative fuel for gasoline vehicles in Thailand. The model proposed in this paper called 'Environmental System Optimization' comprises the life cycle impact assessment of global warming potential (GWP) and the associated cost followed by the multi-objective optimization which facilitates in finding out the optimal proportion of the excess bagasse processed in each scenario. Basic mathematical expressions for indicating the GWP and cost of the entire process of excess bagasse utilization are taken into account in the model formulation and optimization. The outcome of this study is the methodology developed for decision-making concerning the excess bagasse utilization available in Thailand in view of the GWP and economic effects. A demonstration example is presented to illustrate the advantage of the methodology which may be used by the policy maker. The methodology developed is successfully performed to satisfy both environmental and economic objectives over the whole life cycle of the system. It is shown in the demonstration example that the first scenario results in positive GWP while the second scenario results in negative GWP. The combination of these two scenario results in positive or negative GWP depending on the preference of the weighting given to each objective. The results on economics of all scenarios show the satisfied outcomes.

Buddadee, Bancha [National Center of Excellence for Environmental and Hazardous Waste Management, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330 (Thailand)], E-mail: bancha_eng@yahoo.com; Wirojanagud, Wanpen [Research Center of Environmental and Hazardous Substance Management, Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002 (Thailand)], E-mail: wanpen@kku.ac.th; Watts, Daniel J. [Center for Environmental Engineering and Science, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, New Jersey 07102 (United States)], E-mail: daniel.watts@njit.edu; Pitakaso, Rapeepan [Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Ubonratchathani University, Ubonratchathani 34190 (Thailand)], E-mail: enrapepi@ubu.ac.th

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

366

Sustainable waste management in Africa through CDM projects  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This is a compendium on GHG reductions via improved waste strategies in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This note provides a strategic framework for Local Authorities in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Assists LAs to select Zero Waste scenarios and achieve sustained GHG reduction. - Abstract: Only few Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects (traditionally focussed on landfill gas combustion) have been registered in Africa if compared to similar developing countries. The waste hierarchy adopted by many African countries clearly shows that waste recycling and composting projects are generally the most sustainable. This paper undertakes a sustainability assessment for practical waste treatment and disposal scenarios for Africa and makes recommendations for consideration. The appraisal in this paper demonstrates that mechanical biological treatment of waste becomes more financially attractive if established through the CDM process. Waste will continue to be dumped in Africa with increasing greenhouse gas emissions produced, unless industrialised countries (Annex 1) fund carbon emission reduction schemes through a replacement to the Kyoto Protocol. Such a replacement should calculate all of the direct and indirect carbon emission savings and seek to promote public-private partnerships through a concerted support of the informal sector.

Couth, R. [CRECHE, Centre for Research in Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, School of Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041 (South Africa); Trois, C., E-mail: troisc@ukzn.ac.za [CRECHE, Centre for Research in Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, School of Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041 (South Africa)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

367

Turkey energy and environmental review - Task 7 energy sector modeling : executive summary.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Turkey's demand for energy and electricity is increasing rapidly. Since 1990, energy consumption has increased at an annual average rate of 4.3%. As would be expected, the rapid expansion of energy production and consumption has brought with it a wide range of environmental issues at the local, regional and global levels. With respect to global environmental issues, Turkey's carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions have grown along with its energy consumption. Emissions in 2000 reached 211 million metric tons. With GDP projected to grow at over 6% per year over the next 25 years, both the energy sector and the pollution associated with it are expected to increase substantially. This is expected to occur even if assuming stricter controls on lignite and hard coal-fired power generation. All energy consuming sectors, that is, power, industrial, residential, and transportation, will contribute to this increased emissions burden. Turkish Government authorities charged with managing the fundamental problem of carrying on economic development while protecting the environment include the Ministry of Environment (MOE), the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (MENR), and the Ministry of Health, as well as the Turkish Electricity Generation & Transmission Company (TEAS). The World Bank, working with these agencies, is planning to assess the costs and benefits of various energy policy alternatives under an Energy and Environment Review (EER). Eight individual studies have been conducted under this activity to analyze certain key energy technology issues and use this analysis to fill in the gaps in data and technical information. This will allow the World Bank and Turkish authorities to better understand the trade-offs in costs and impacts associated with specific policy decisions. The purpose of Task 7-Energy Sector Modeling, is to integrate information obtained in other EER tasks and provide Turkey's policy makers with an integrated systems analysis of the various options for addressing the various energy and environmental concerns. The work presented in this report builds on earlier analyses presented at the COP 6 conference in Bonn.

Conzelmann, G.; Koritarov, V.; Decision and Information Sciences

2008-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

368

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

369

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S. Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints ERROR: Invalid Country Code The link you followed is incorrect. The administrator of this site has been notified via email. Thank you for your patience. Choose your country from the menu below; or, return to Country Profiles

370

United States - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

‹ Countries ‹ Countries United States Glossary › FAQS › Overview / Data Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints Overview data for United States + EXPAND ALL Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day) Previous Year Latest Year History United States North America

371

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

372

The place of hard coal in energy supply pattern of Turkey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lignite and hard coal are the major sources of domestic energy sources of Turkey. Hard coal is produced at only one district in the country. Zonguldak Hard Coal Basin is the major power for development of the Turkish steel-making industry. It is the only hard coal basin in the country and it has, to date, supplied approximately 400 million tons of run-of-mine hard coal. This article investigates the potential of hard coal as an energy source and discusses the measures to activate the region for the future energy supply objectives of the country.

Yilmaz, A.O.; Aydiner, K. [Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon (Turkey). Mining Engineering Department

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Investigation of the 1999 Kocaeli Turkey Earthquake: Effects on Power and Industrial Facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On August 17, 1999, a magnitude MW 7.4 earthquake struck the city of Izmit in the province of Kocaeli in western Turkey, causing over 20,000 buildings to collapse, killing 17,000 people, injuring 44,000, and causing an estimated economic loss of 16 billion dollars. This report summarizes the performance of electric power generation and transmission facilities during and after the earthquake. The document summarizes earthquake effects on a large inventory of structures and equipment relevant to the electr...

2001-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

374

Current Status of Energy Efficiency in South Africa (Presentation) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Current Status of Energy Efficiency in South Africa (Presentation) Current Status of Energy Efficiency in South Africa (Presentation) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Spain Installed Wind Capacity Website Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Market Analysis Website: www.gwec.net/index.php?id=131 Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/spain-installed-wind-capacity-website Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Feed-in Tariffs This website presents an overview of total installed wind energy capacity in Spain per year from 2000 to 2010. The page also presents the main market developments from 2010; a policy summary; a discussion of the revision in feed-in tariffs in 2010; and a future market outlook. References Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Current_Status_of_Energy_Efficiency_in_South_Africa_(Presentation)&oldid=514359"

375

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Africa: Carbon Finance Guide |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Energy Efficiency in Africa: Carbon Finance Guide and Energy Efficiency in Africa: Carbon Finance Guide Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Africa: Carbon Finance Guide Agency/Company /Organization: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Implementation Website: toolkits.reeep.org/index.php?work=detail&asset=projectOutput&id=134 References: REEEP Toolkit[1] "This Guide is an introduction to the financing of renewable energy and energy efficiency (RE/EE) projects - projects which benefit the global community by reducing greenhouse gases which are causing climate change. It is designed to help private and corporate entrepreneurs and public officials, banks and financiers, as well as donor organizations to

376

GEOGRAPHICAL DISRIBUTION OF WOODY BIOMASS CARBON IN TROPICAL AFRICA: AN  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Geographical Distribution of Woody Biomass Carbon in Tropical Africa: An Geographical Distribution of Woody Biomass Carbon in Tropical Africa: An Updated Database for 2000, NDP-055b TABLES Please cite as: Gibbs, H.K. and S. Brown. 2007. Geographical Distribution of Woody Biomass Carbon in Tropical Africa: An Updated Database for 2000, NDP-055b. Available at [http://cdiac.ornl.gov/epubs/ndp/ndp055/ndp055b.html] from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Tables 1-4 Files in this numeric data package Variable formats of af_biomass.vat Variable formats of af_carbon.vat Variable formats of glc_subset_af.vat Variable formats of land_geo.vat Variable formats of pb_geo.vat Table 1. Files in this numeric data package File No. File name File size (bytes) File description

377

Prospects for Microgrids in the Republic of South Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prospects for Microgrids in the Republic of South Africa Prospects for Microgrids in the Republic of South Africa Speaker(s): S.P. Chowdhury Sunetra Chowdhury Date: October 12, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Chris Marnay The South African utility Eskom is the main key player for the energy business in South Africa. Eskom owns the electricity networks and most of the electricity generation, transmission and distribution leading to monopolistic energy market in the country. The South African economy is quite strong in the African Continent and the energy demand has been growing very fast in the country. Most of the current energy mix is coming from coal fired thermal power stations in addition with a small fraction from nuclear as well as open cycle gas turbine and a bit of hydro power.

378

Higher Education in Sub-Saharan Africa and the Labyrinth of Dependency: Who Will Unravel the Threads?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commonwealth." In, Higher Education in Africa: Achievements,Experience With Higher Education. Athens: Ohio University1996. "'The crisis of higher education in Africa." A Journal

Byaruhanga, Frederick

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Higher Education in Sub-Saharan Africa and the Labyrinth of Dependency: Who Will Unravel the threads?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Africa." Chronicle of Higher Education, 46 (May). Chitoran,D. 1990. "Higher education and development: UNESCO's actionthe advancement of higher education and research in Africa,

Byaruhanga, Frederick

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Bayesian Rainfall Variability Analysis in West Africa along Cross Sections in SpaceTime Grid Boxes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes an approach for analyzing rainfall variability over West Africa during the 195090 period. Three grid boxes, corresponding to three selected areas over West Africa, have been constructed. For each candidate area the set of ...

Dominique Tapsoba; Mario Hach; Luc Perreault; Bernard Bobe

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Modeling the Impact of Land Surface Degradation on the Climate of Tropical North Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Degradation of the land surface has been suggested as a cause of persistent drought in tropical north Africa. A general circulation model is used to assess the impact of degradation of five regions within tropical north Africa. Idealized ...

Douglas B. Clark; Yongkang Xue; Richard J. Harding; Paul J. Valdes

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Feasibility study for underground coal gasification at the Krabi coal mine site, Thailand: Volume 1. Progress report, December 1--31, 1995; Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

The report, conducted by Energy and Environmental Research Center, was funded by the US Trade and Development Agency. The objective of this report was to determine the technical, environmental and economic feasibility of developing, demonstrating, and commercializing underground coal gasification (UCG) at the Krabi coal mine site in Southern Thailand. This is Volume 1, the Progress Report for the period December 1, 1995, through December 31, 1995.

Young, B.C.; Schmit, C.R.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Area selection for diamonds using magnetotellurics: Examples from southern Africa Alan G. Jones a,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Witwatersrand, Jan Smuts Avenue, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa k ABB AB, HVDC, Ludvika, SE-77180, Sweden a b

Jones, Alan G.

384

How are saucer-shaped sills emplaced? Constraints from the Golden Valley Sill, South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

complexes in the Karoo Basin (South Africa)), pipes containing finegrained fluidized sand are observed vent complex, Karoo Basin, South Africa [after Svensen et al., 2006]. (c) Mud volcano Azerbaijan [after), hydrothermal vent complexes in Karoo (South Africa), pockmarks (off- shore Norway) and kimberlites (Venetia

Ferré, Eric

385

Biofuels in Africa May Help Achieve Global Goals, Experts Say | Worldwatch Institute Login | Register | Shopping Cart  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuels in Africa May Help Achieve Global Goals, Experts Say | Worldwatch Institute Login Contact Us Sign Up for e-mail updates Home » Online Features » e2 - Eye on Earth Biofuels in Africa May for developing biofuels from sugar cane and other crops. Photo by Steve McNicholas Africa can use the biofuels

386

Predicting the spatial distribution of soil profile in Adapazari/Turkey by artificial neural networks using CPT data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The infamous soils of Adapazari, Turkey, that failed extensively during the 46-s long magnitude 7.4 earthquake in 1999 have since been the subject of a research program. Boreholes, piezocone soundings and voluminous laboratory testing have enabled researchers ... Keywords: Artificial neural networks, Cone penetration test, Site characterization, Soil classification, Soil profile, Spatial distribution.

Ersin Arel

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

CO2 Sequestration in Unminable Coal with ECBMR -2010 Reprint -Proceedings 2010 International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, Istanbul, Turkey 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CO2 Sequestration in Unminable Coal with ECBMR - 2010 Reprint - Proceedings 2010 International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, Istanbul, Turkey 1 CO2 SEQUESTRATION IN UNMINABLE COAL WITH ENHANCED COAL BED conducted in Marshall County, West Virginia, USA, to evaluate enhanced coal bed methane recovery

Wilson, Thomas H.

388

File:NREL-africa-tilt.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

tilt.pdf tilt.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Africa - Annual Flat Plate Tilted at Latitude (PDF) Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 5.69 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Africa - Annual Flat Plate Tilted at Latitude (PDF) Description Africa - Annual Flat Plate Tilted at Latitude (PDF) Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-PV, Solar-40km Creation Date 2005-01-11 Extent Continent Countries Africa UN Region File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:34, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:34, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (5.69 MB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

389

REEEP/UNIDO Sustainable Energy Regulation and Policymaking for Africa  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

REEEP/UNIDO Sustainable Energy Regulation and Policymaking for Africa REEEP/UNIDO Sustainable Energy Regulation and Policymaking for Africa Toolkit Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Sustainable Energy Regulation and Policymaking for Africa Toolkit Agency/Company /Organization: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership Partner: United Nations Industrial Development Organization Sector: Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual, Training materials Website: africa-toolkit.reeep.org/ Coordinates: -8.783195°, 34.508523° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-8.783195,"lon":34.508523,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

390

Downloading or uploading? The information economy and Africa's current status  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While Africa is confronted with the urgency to provide its citizens with the basic requirements of life such as peace, food, education, health, shelter, safe drinking water, etc., the rest of the world and the developed nations in particular are fast ...

Alemayehu Molla

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Surface Radiative Fluxes in Sub-Sahel Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports results of observations of radiative fluxes measured in sub-Sahel Africa during a 2-yr period (199294). Shortwave radiation in the solar spectrum (0.24.0 ?m), photosynthetically active radiation (0.40.7 ?m), and longwave ...

F. Miskolczi; T. O. Aro; M. Iziomon; R. T. Pinker

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

SOLAR BULLETIN Astronomical Society of Southern Africa, Solar Section  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOLAR BULLETIN Astronomical Society of Southern Africa, Solar Section Hi Solar friends, Hi Solar friends, As the emphasis in the ASSA group is on observations in the different sections, we in the solar and international solar observations. Observations are used to calculate a monthly Southern African sunspot number

Glass, Ian S.

393

Designing with mobile digital storytelling in rural Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We reflect on activities to design a mobile application to enable rural people in South Africa's Eastern Cape to record and share their stories, which have implications for 'cross-cultural design,' and the wider use of stories in design. We based our ... Keywords: cross-cultural, dialogical approach to design, digital storytelling, ict4d, mobile devices, oral knowledge, rural

Nicola J. Bidwell; Thomas Reitmaier; Gary Marsden; Susan Hansen

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Wind-Field Coherence and Its Variations over West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The wind-field coherence over West Africa is investigated during two contrasted periods, 195363 (abnormally wet) and 1963-75 (abnormally dry) in the Sahel. Zonal and meridional components of the monthly mean wind are computed with radiosonde ...

Bernard Fontaine; Serge Janicot

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Lower-Tropospheric Cyclonic Vortices in Northern Africa in Summer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using analyses from the ECMWF (European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts) model, we compute the monthly and seasonal mean wind and relative vorticity at 1000 and 850 hPa, for the summers of 19801982 and 198587 for northern Africa (5...

A. Viltard; H. Laurent; P. Defelice

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

e-Government in Africa: Promise and practice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

e-Government has already arrived in Africa, though it is essentially an imported concept based on imported designs. There are growing numbers of e-government projects, some of which are contributing to public sector reform and delivering gains of efficiency ...

Richard Heeks

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Adoption of Green IS in South Africa: an exploratory study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scarcity of research in South Africa on adoption of ICTs for environmental sustainability propelled this qualitative study in which data was collected via semi-structured interviews from seven companies listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange. While ... Keywords: environmental sustainability, green, information systems, information technology

Chris Petzer; Carolyn McGibbon; Irwin Brown

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Remote Sensing Applications for Sustainable Aquaculture in Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Remote Sensing Applications for Sustainable Aquaculture in Africa Joseph E. Quansah1 , Gilbert L of the science with respect to remote sensing applications for aquaculture, including site location, aquaculture for multi-sensor remote sensing deployment to support sustainable fish production in these environments

Jiang, Wen

399

ICT Research in Africa: Need for a Strategic Developmental Focus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper argues the need to expand the research agenda on the use of ICT in African countries to include a stronger strategic developmental focus than is evident in much of the literature to date. Four strategic dimensions are identified, where ICT ... Keywords: Africa, ICT, IS research agenda, development, policy

Mark Thompson; Geoff Walsham

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Greenhouse gas emissions in Sub-Saharan Africa  

SciTech Connect

Current and future carbon emissions from land-use change and energy consumption were analyzed for Sub-Saharan Africa. The energy sector analysis was based on UN energy data tapes while the land-use analysis was based on a spatially-explicit land-use model developed specifically for this project. The impacts of different energy and land-use strategies on future carbon emissions were considered. (A review of anthropogenic emissions of methane, nitrous oxides, and chlorofluorocarbons in Sub-Saharan Africa indicated that they were probably minor in both a global and a regional context. The study therefore was focused on emissions of carbon dioxide.) The land-use model predicts carbon emissions from land use change and the amount of carbon stored in vegetation (carbon inventory) on a yearly basis between 1985 and 2001. Emissions and inventory are modeled at 9000 regularly-spaced point locations in Sub-Saharan Africa using location-specific information on vegetation type, soils, climate and deforestation. Vegetation, soils, and climate information were derived from continental-scale maps while relative deforestation rates(% of forest land lost each year) were developed from country-specific forest and deforestation statistics (FAO Tropical Forest Resources Assessment for Africa, 1980). The carbon emissions under different land use strategies in Sub-Saharan Africa were analyzed by modifying deforestation rates and altering the amount of carbon stored under different land uses. The considered strategies were: preservation of existing forests, implementation of agroforestry, and establishment of industrial tree plantations. 82 refs., 16 figs., 25 tabs.

Graham, R.L.; Perlack, R.D.; Prasad, A.M.G.; Ranney, J.W.; Waddle, D.B.

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Cost effective waste management through composting in Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The financial/social/institutional sustainability of waste management in Africa is analysed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This note is a compendium of a study on the potential for GHG control via improved zero waste in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This study provides the framework for Local Authorities for realizing sustained GHG reductions. - Abstract: Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions per person from urban waste management activities are greater in sub-Saharan African countries than in other developing countries, and are increasing as the population becomes more urbanised. Waste from urban areas across Africa is essentially dumped on the ground and there is little control over the resulting gas emissions. The clean development mechanism (CDM), from the 1997 Kyoto Protocol has been the vehicle to initiate projects to control GHG emissions in Africa. However, very few of these projects have been implemented and properly registered. A much more efficient and cost effective way to control GHG emissions from waste is to stabilise the waste via composting and to use the composted material as a soil improver/organic fertiliser or as a component of growing media. Compost can be produced by open windrow or in-vessel composting plants. This paper shows that passively aerated open windrows constitute an appropriate low-cost option for African countries. However, to provide an usable compost material it is recommended that waste is processed through a materials recovery facility (MRF) before being composted. The paper demonstrates that material and biological treatment (MBT) are viable in Africa where they are funded, e.g. CDM. However, they are unlikely to be instigated unless there is a replacement to the Kyoto Protocol, which ceases for Registration in December 2012.

Couth, R. [CRECHE, Centre for Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, Civil Engineering Programme, School of Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041 (South Africa); Trois, C., E-mail: troisc@ukzn.ac.za [CRECHE, Centre for Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, Civil Engineering Programme, School of Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041 (South Africa)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

402

the atlas of ECONOMIC COMPLEXITY Hausmann, Hidalgo et al.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Croatia 490 New Zealand 486 Spain 482 Romania 482 Poland 481 Turkey 469 Azerbaijan 463 Chile 462 Thailand Chile 480 Thailand 472 Turkey 463 Georgia 455 Iran, Islamic Rep. of 453 Bahrain 449 Malta 446 Azerbaijan Centerpoint 500 Georgia 488 Malta 477 Trinidad and Tobago 471 Azerbaijan 462 Iran, Islamic Rep. of 457

Heller, Eric

403

Meager genetic variability of the human malaria agent Plasmodium vivax  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

collected from Azerbaijan, Thailand, Turkey, Venezuela, and Ethiopia. Three blood samples were ob- tained; AZE, Azerbaijan; THA, Thailand; TUR, Turkey; VEN, Venezuela; PNG, Papua New Guinea; MOZ, Mozambique variability, P. simium, which comes from South America, is more closely related to P. vivax from Azerbaijan

404

From comfort to kilowatts: An integrated assessment of electricity conservation in Thailand's commercial sector  

SciTech Connect

Thailand serves as a case study of the potential to conserve electricity in the fast-growing commercial sectors of the tropical developing world. We performed a field study of over 1100 Thai office workers in which a questionnaire survey and simultaneous physical measurements were taken. Both air-conditioned and non-air-conditioned buildings were included. We analyzed Thai subjective responses on the ASHRAE, McIntyre and other rating scales, relating them to Effective Temperature, demographics, and to rational indices of warmth such as PMV and TSENS. These results suggest that without sacrificing comfort, significant energy conservation opportunities exist through the relaxation of upper space temperature limits. To investigate the potential for conserving energy in a cost-effective manner, we performed a series of parametric simulations using the DOE-2.1D computer program on three commercial building prototypes based on actual buildings in Bangkok; an office, a hotel, and a shopping center. We investigated a wide range of energy conservation measures appropriate for each building type, from architectural measures to HVAC equipment and control solutions. The best measures applied in combination into high efficiency cases can generate energy savings in excess of 50%. Economic analyses performed for the high efficiency cases, resulted in costs of conserved energy of less than and internal rates of return in excess of 40%. Thermal cool storage, cogeneration, and gas cooling technology showed promise as cost-effective electric load management strategies.

Busch, J.F. Jr.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

From comfort to kilowatts: An integrated assessment of electricity conservation in Thailand's commercial sector  

SciTech Connect

Thailand serves as a case study of the potential to conserve electricity in the fast-growing commercial sectors of the tropical developing world. A field study of over 1,100 Thai office workers was performed in which a questionnaire survey and simultaneous physical measurements were taken. Both air-conditioned and non-air-conditioned buildings were included. Thai subjective responses were analyzed on the ASHRAE, McIntyre, and other rating scales, relating them to Effective Temperature, demographics, and to rational indices of warmth such as PMV and TSENSA. These results suggest that without sacrificing comfort, significant energy conservation opportunities exist through the relaxation of upper space temperature limits. To investigate the potential for conserving energy in a cost-effective manner, a series of parametric simulations were performed using the DOE-2.1D computer program for three commercial building prototypes in Bangkok: an office, a hotel, and a shopping center. A wide range of energy conservation measures appropriate for each building type was studied. Drawing on the building energy-simulation results, impacts on the Thai electric utility were evaluated under various conservation scenarios.

Busch, J.F. Jr.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Survival and mammalian predation of Rio Grande Turkeys on the Edwards Plateau, Texas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trends in Rio Grande wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo intermedia) abundance on the Edwards Plateau (EP), Texas, have been either stable or in decline since the 1970s. Four study areas, 2 each within stable (Stable Area A, SAA; Stable Area B, SAB) and declining regions (Declining Area A, DAA; Declining Area B, DAB), were delineated to examine (1) both annual and seasonal survival, (2) relative mammalian predator mean abundance (RMA), and (3) potential effects of lunar phase on scent-station visitation. During February 2001-March 2003, 257 turkeys were captured and instrumented with radio transmitters. Survival probabilities were generated using a Kaplan-Meier product limit estimator; a log-rank test tested for differences among sites. Annual survival was statistically different between regions (stable 0.566 0.081; declining 0.737 0.094; X2 = 3.68, P = 0.055) in 2002. Seasonal survival differed between regions (stable 0.812 0.103; declining 0.718 0.130; X2 = 3.88, P = 0.049) in spring 2003. Annual survival results during 2002 were counterintuitive with turkey trend data. Scent-station transects were established on non-paved ranch roads within study regions. Scent-station indices revealed higher (H = 19.653, P ? 0.001) RMA of opossum (Didelphis virginiana) and skunk (eastern spotted [Spilogale putorius], striped [Mephitis mephitis], or western spotted [S. gracilis]) (SAA, x? = 0.0148; SAB, x? = 0.0151; DAA, x? = 0.0042; DAB, x? = 0.0065) on stable areas. Higher RMA of coyotes (Canis latrans) on declining areas (SAA, x? = 0.0067; SAB, x? = 0.0022; DAA x? = 0.0234; DAB x? = 0.0434) suggested a possible causative factor of the decline, but abundance indices were not verified by empirical data though. Lunar phase was not a significant (T = -0.225, P = 0.822) covariate in scent-station visits by raccoons, opossums (new, x? = 0.0111; full, x? = 0.0324), or unidentified tracks (new, x? = 0.0649; full, x? = 0.0375). Nightly precipitation and wind speed probably influence mammalian use of scent stations more so than lunar illumination.

Willsey, Beau Judson

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa  

SciTech Connect

Although the emergence of markets for high efficiency off-grid lighting technologies holds promise, realizing the potential of this opportunity on a long-term, sustainable basis requires careful attention to issues of product quality, consumer protection, and the potential for significant 'market spoiling', in anticipation of increases of sales of low cost, low performance off-grid lighting products. The goal of the Lighting Africa quality assurance workshop was to articulate strategies to mitigate the dangers of market spoiling and to explore ways to protect consumers from misleading advertising for sales of inferior, off-grid lighting products in the context of Lighting Africa's overarching objective to support the industry in developing a robust off-grid lighting market in Africa. The workshop resulted in the identification of two strategic approaches for meeting Lighting Africa quality assurance programmatic needs. The first strategy is intended to meet a short-term programmatic need for quality associated with requests for lighting products by bulk procurement agents, such as in a World Bank-financed project. The development of procurement specifications and test procedures that could be used in a quality/usability screening method in order to provide guidance for forthcoming large volume purchases emerged as the best solution to meet this need. Such approaches are used in World Bank-financed solar home systems (SHSs) projects in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and China, among others. However, unlike the SHSs which have multiple balance-of-system (BOS) components warranting the need for an array of specifications for individual components, stand alone lighting systems require specifications that are amenable to individual light points. To test this approach, Lighting Africa elected to use the technical specifications issued by the Photovoltaic Global Approval Program for solar lanterns that use CFL bulbs (PVRS11A) as the basis of qualifying such products. A contract has been competitively awarded to the Global Approval Program for Photovoltaics (PV GAP) under the Lighting Africa Program to select and test ten solar lantern product models. Lantern selection will be determined based on a number of criteria, among them, the ability to provide a daily duty cycle of at least 3 hours of light, the number of days of autonomy of battery, the volume of sales (especially in Africa), and whether or not the manufacturing facility is ISO 9000 certified. Those that are confirmed as meeting the specifications may be eligible to receive a PVGAP quality seal. The work is being carried out in partnership with the Photovoltaic and Wind Quality Test Center in Beijing, China and TUV Rhineland in Koeln, Germany. As off-grid LED-based stand-alone lighting products is in a nascent stage of development compared to CFL-based lanterns, Lighting Africa will support the development of a 'Quality Screening' approach to selecting LED lighting, in order not to delay consumers benefiting from such advances. The screening methodology could be used by procurement agencies to qualify LED lighting products for bulk or programmatic procurements. The main elements of this work comprises of developing a procurement specification and test procedure for undertaking a 'quick' quality/usability screening to be used for procuring LED lights and to test up to 30 LED-based lights to screen products that meet the requirement. The second strategy is intended to meet a longer-term need associated with creating a self-sustaining product quality assurance program that will effectively protect the African consumer, prevent significant market spoiling, adapt with expected technological advancements over the long-term--in other words, give consumers the ability to detect quality products and the information needed to find products that meet their specific needs from among the myriad of lighting products that become available commercially. Workshop discussions and the discussions evolving from the workshop led the Lighting Africa team to opt for an approach similar to that of th

World Bank; Mills, Evan; Mills, Evan

2008-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

408

Feasibility study for the construction of a new LNG receiving terminal, turkey. Volume 2. Appendix. Export trade information. [LNG (liquified natural gas)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report was prepared by The M. W. Kellogg Co. for BOTAS Petroleum Pipeline Corporation of Ankara, Turkey. The study was undertaken to evaluate the cost and economics of constructing a second liquified natural gas (LNG) terminal in Turkey to meet future requirements for natural gas. Volume 2 contains the following appendices: LNG Storage Tanks; Vaporizers; Compressors; Pumps; Loading Arms; Marine Installations; Shipping; and Seismic Study.

Not Available

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Israeli manufacturer introduces solar heating for home use in Greece and Turkey  

SciTech Connect

Miromit Ltd. of Tel Aviv, Israel's principal developer and producer of solar heating equipment, said to be the world's large manufacturer in the field, recently announced the completion of a marketing agreement with major heating companies in Greece and Turkey which are introducing solar energy for hot water heating in their countries. Both of these countries will benefit from continuous Miromit research and development in new Sun heating applications, including central hot water installations for apartment buildings and solar-heating systems for swimming pools, sport halls, and agricultural and industrial buildings. Israeli solar equipment has been installed in a research model apartment building at the Goddard Space Flight Center of NASA in Green Belt, Md. (MCW)

1976-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

A mediation case for resolving the energy and environment dispute at Aliaga-Izmir, Turkey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aliaga town, located 50 km north of Izmir, Turkey, is facing serious air, water, and soil pollution problems of industrial origin. The town has had a widespread public reaction against the estimated environmental effects of a 500 MW power plant originally to be built by a private international company during the first half of the 1990s. This project was rejected by court order at that time, but recently a number of new power projects emerged, and overall environmental burdens had to be reconsidered. A mediation exercise to resolve the ongoing dispute against these power plant projects at Aliaga was recommended and participated in by the author in 1997. In this article the basis of the continuing environmental consent about the feared impacts of the new power plants, procedure, and results of this mediation are mentioned. The basis of the energy versus environment dispute in Aliaga are introduced. Mediation exercise and its end results have been criticized.

Mueezzinoglu, A.

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

A Seismic Isolation Application Using Rubber Bearings; Hangar Project in Turkey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seismic isolation is an effective design strategy to mitigate the seismic hazard wherein the structure and its contents are protected from the damaging effects of an earthquake. This paper presents the Hangar Project in Sabiha Goekcen Airport which is located in Istanbul, Turkey. Seismic isolation system where the isolation layer arranged at the top of the columns is selected. The seismic hazard analysis, superstructure design, isolator design and testing were based on the Uniform Building Code (1997) and met all requirements of the Turkish Earthquake Code (2007). The substructure which has the steel vertical trusses on facades and RC H shaped columns in the middle axis of the building was designed with an R factor limited to 2.0 in accordance with Turkish Earthquake Code. In order to verify the effectiveness of the isolation system, nonlinear static and dynamic analyses are performed. The analysis revealed that isolated building has lower base shear (approximately 1/4) against the non-isolated structure.

Sesigur, Haluk; Cili, Feridun [Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, Division of Theory of Structures 34434, Taskisla, Istanbul (Turkey)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

412

Properties and reserves of lignite in the Aydin-Sahinali field, Turkey  

SciTech Connect

This study focuses on some lignite properties and calculation of lignite reserves with two classical (isopach and polygon) methods in the Aydin-Sahinali field, Turkey, which is located in the western Turkey. This field has been mined by a private coal company since 1960 by open-cast and mainly underground mining methods. The producing lignites are consumed in domestic heating and industrial factories around Aydin. The metamorphic rocks of Palaezoic age form the basement of the coal field. The lignite-bearing unit of Miocene age, from bottom to the top, consists mainly of pebblestone, lignite and clayey lignite, siltstone with sandstone lenses, white colored claystone, clayey limestone and silisified limestone lenses. This unit in the lignite field was unconformably overlain by Pliocene unconsolidated sands and gravels. Three hundred seventy-three borehole data have been evaluated, and this study shows that a relatively thick and lateral extensive lignite seam has a mineable thickness of 1.6-14.4 m. The core samples from boreholes in panels in the lignite field indicate that the coal seam, on an as-received basis, contains high moisture contents (17.95-23.45%, average), high ash yields (16.30-26.03%, average), relatively high net calorific values (3,281-3,854 kcal/kg, average), and low total sulfur contents (1.00-1.22%, average). The remaining lignite potential in the Aydin-Sahinali lignite field was calculated as a 4.7 Mt of measured and a 2.9 Mt of mineable lignite-reserves.

Kirhan, S.; Inaner, H.; Nakoman, E.; Karayigit, A.I. [Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir (Turkey). Dept. of Geological Engineering

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Prospects for future projections of the basic energy sources in Turkey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main goal of this study is to develop the energy sources estimation equations in order to estimate the future projections and make correct investments in Turkey using artificial neural network (ANN) approach. It is also expected that this study will be helpful in demonstrating energy situation of Turkey in amount of EU countries. Basic energy indicators such as population, gross generation, installed capacity, net energy consumption, import, export are used in input layer of ANN. Basic energy sources such as coal, lignite, fuel-oil, natural gas and hydro are in output layer. Data from 1975 to 2003 are used to train. Three years (1981, 1994 and 2003) are only used as test data to confirm this method. Also, in this study, the best approach was investigated for each energy sources by using different learning algorithms (scaled conjugate gradient (SCG) and Levenberg-Marquardt (LM)) and a logistic sigmoid transfer function in the ANN with developed software. The statistical coefficients of multiple determinations (R{sup 2}-value) for training data are equal to 0.99802, 0.99918, 0.997134, 0.998831 and 0.995681 for natural gas, lignite, coal, hydraulic, and fuel-oil, respectively. Similarly, these values for testing data are equal to 0.995623, 0.999456, 0.998545, 0.999236, and 0.99002. The best approach was found for lignite by SCG algorithm with seven neurons so mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) is equal to 1.646753 for lignite. According to the results, the future projections of energy indicators using ANN technique have been obviously predicted within acceptable errors. Apart from reducing the whole time required, the importance of the ANN approach is possible to find solutions that make energy applications more viable and thus more attractive to potential users.

Sozen, A.; Arcaklioglu, E. [Gazi University, Ankara (Turkey). Technical Education Facility

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Cape Town, South Africa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Town, South Africa: Energy Resources Town, South Africa: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 3369157 Coordinates -33.91667°, 18.41667° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-33.91667,"lon":18.41667,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

415

Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055) Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055) DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/lue.ndp055 data Data PDF PDF graphics Graphics Please note: these data have been updated for the year 2000 Contributors Sandra Brown1 Greg Gaston2 Work on this project was initiated while at the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences University of Illinois Urbana, Illinois 61801, U.S.A. 1Present address: Winrock International, Arlington, Virgina. 2Present address: Department of Geosciences, Oregon State University. Prepared by T.W. Beaty, and L.M. Olsen. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center Environmental Sciences Division OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6290 managed by UT-Battelle, LLC for the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

416

African Wind Energy Association - South Africa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Name African Wind Energy Association - South Africa Place South Africa Coordinates -30.559482°, 22.937506° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-30.559482,"lon":22.937506,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

417

Johannesburg, South Africa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa: Energy Resources South Africa: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 993800 Coordinates -26.2°, 28.08333° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-26.2,"lon":28.08333,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

418

High temperature solar thermal technology: The North Africa Market  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

High temperature solar thermal (HTST) technology offers an attractive option for both industrialized and non-industrialized countries to generate electricity and industrial process steam. The purpose of this report is to assess the potential market for solar thermal applications in the North African countries of Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia. North Africa was selected because of its outstanding solar resource base and the variety of applications to be found there. Diminishing oil and gas resources, coupled with expanding energy needs, opens a large potential market for the US industry. The US high temperature solar trough industry has little competition globally and could build a large market in these areas. The US is already familiar with certain solar markets in North Africa due to the supplying of substantial quantities of US-manufactured flat plate collectors to this region.

Not Available

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Waste management activities and carbon emissions in Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper summarizes research into waste management activities and carbon emissions from territories in sub-Saharan Africa with the main objective of quantifying emission reductions (ERs) that can be gained through viable improvements to waste management in Africa. It demonstrates that data on waste and carbon emissions is poor and generally inadequate for prediction models. The paper shows that the amount of waste produced and its composition are linked to national Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Waste production per person is around half that in developed countries with a mean around 230 kg/hd/yr. Sub-Saharan territories produce waste with a biogenic carbon content of around 56% (+/-25%), which is approximately 40% greater than developed countries. This waste is disposed in uncontrolled dumps that produce large amounts of methane gas. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from waste will rise with increasing urbanization and can only be controlled through funding mechanisms from developed countries.

Couth, R. [University of KwaZulu-Natal, CRECHE, School of Civil Engineering, Survey and Construction, Durban 4041 (South Africa); Trois, C., E-mail: troisc@ukzn.ac.za [University of KwaZulu-Natal, CRECHE, School of Civil Engineering, Survey and Construction, Durban 4041 (South Africa)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

420

Airborne measurements of carbonaceous aerosols in southern Africa during  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Airborne measurements of carbonaceous aerosols in southern Africa during Airborne measurements of carbonaceous aerosols in southern Africa during the dry, biomass burning season Title Airborne measurements of carbonaceous aerosols in southern Africa during the dry, biomass burning season Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-50880 Year of Publication 2003 Authors Kirchstetter, Thomas W., Tihomir Novakov, and Peter V. Hobbs Journal Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres Keywords black carbon, evolved gas analysis, light absorption, organic carbon, positive sampling artifact, SAFARI Abstract Particulate matter collected aboard the University of Washington's Convair-580 research aircraft over southern Africa during the dry, biomass burning season was analyzed for total carbon, organic carbon, and black carbon contents using thermal and optical methods. Samples were collected in smoke plumes of burning savanna and in regional haze. A known artifact, produced by the adsorption of organic gases on the quartz filter substrates used to collect the particulate matter samples, comprised a significant portion of the total carbon collected. Consequently, conclusions derived from the data are greatly dependent on whether or not organic carbon concentrations are corrected for this artifact. For example, the estimated aerosol co-albedo (1 - single scattering albedo), which is a measure of aerosol absorption, of the biomass smoke samples is 60% larger using corrected organic carbon concentrations. Thus, the corrected data imply that the biomass smoke is 60% more absorbing than do the uncorrected data. The black carbon to (corrected) organic carbon mass ratio (BC/OC) of smoke plume samples (0.18±0.06) is lower than that of samples collected in the regional haze (0.25±0.08). The difference may be due to mixing of biomass smoke with background air characterized by a higher BC/OC ratio. A simple source apportionment indicates that biomass smoke contributes about three-quarters of the aerosol burden in the regional haze, while other sources (e.g., fossil fuel burning) contribute the remainder.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

S. Africa: ESKOM's Massive investment hits new snag  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ESKOM, the government-owned company that generates nearly 95 percent of the power in South Africa, has been facing serious capacity shortages for some time, forcing it to resort to mandatory rationing of major industrial users and occasional outages. A combination of rapid economic growth and chronic underinvestment in infrastructure resulted in the disappearance of a once plentiful capacity surplus. Considerable rate increases and emphasis on conservation are planned.

NONE

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

422

An investigation of methods for reducing the use of non-renewable energy resources for housing in Thailand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this research is to develop methods that reduce energy consumption in a residential building in a hot and humid climate region (Thailand) using efficient architectural building components and renewable energy (solar energy) to produce electricity, domestic hot water, and supplemental cooling by night sky radiation. Improving the architectural building components, including building materials, is an option to reduce energy consumption in a building. Using renewable energy sources is another option to reduce the consumption of non-renewable energy. In residential buildings, solar energy has been utilized for space heating and domestic hot water using active solar collector systems and for generating electricity using photovoltaic (PV) systems. One photovoltaic system, the hybrid photovoltaic-thermal (PV-T) collector system, has been developed by several researchers over the last 20 years. The hybrid photovoltaic-thermal (PV-T) collector system is a combination photovoltaic (for producing electricity) and solar thermal collector (for producing hot water). Theoretical and experimental studies of this collector have highlighted the advantages of the hybrid PV-T collector system over separate systems of PV and solar collector in term of system efficiency and economics. Unfortunately, very little experimental data exists that demonstrates the advantages of a combined system. Therefore, one of the objectives of this study conducted was an experimental study of this system as an auxiliary energy source for a residential building. Night sky radiation has also been studied as a cooling strategy. However, no attempt so far could be found to integrate it to a hybrid PV-T collector system. The night sky radiation strategy could be operated with the hybrid PV/T collector system by using existing resources that are already present in the solar system. The integration of the night sky radiation into the hybrid PV-T collector system should yield more productivity of the system than the operation of the Hybrid PVT system alone. The research methods used in this work included instrumentation of a case-study house in Thailand, an experimental PV-T collector system, and a calibrated building thermal simulation. A typical contemporary Thai residential building was selected as a case-study house. Its energy use and local weather data were measured and analyzed. Published energy use of Thai residential buildings was also analyzed as well to determine average energy consumption. A calibrated computer model of the case-study building was constructed using the DOE-2 program. A field experiment of the thermal PV system was constructed to test its ability to simultaneously produce electricity and hot water in the daytime, and shed heat at night as a cooling strategy (i.e., night sky radiation). The resultant electricity and hot water produced by the hybrid PV-T collector system helped to reduce the use of non-renewable energy. The cooling produced by the night sky radiation also has to potential to reduce the cooling load. The evaluation of the case-study house and results of the field experiment helped to quantify the potential reduction of energy use in Thai residential buildings. This research provided the following benefits: 1) experimental results of a hybrid PV-T solar collector system that demonstrates its performance compared to typical system of separate photovoltaic and solar collector, 2) results of night sky radiation experiments using a photovoltaic panel as a radiator to demonstrate the performance of this new space cooling strategy, and 3) useful data from the case-study house simulation results and guidelines to assist others in transferring the results to other projects.

Rasisuttha, Sakkara

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

*Parts of this chapter are excerpted from a forthcoming CGD publication on Africas private sector. I am  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.cgdev.org/content/publications/detail/15659 a b s t r a c t Central to the issue of growth is the development of the private sector. Without the creation of jobs and businesses, there is no real chance for Africans to raise their standard of living. Extensive surveys of private sector businesses carried out over the past decade show that the poor performance of the private sector can be largely attributed to the high costs of the business environment. This essay looks at how the United States can help address two key constraints identified by these surveys: the lack of power and roads. The United States can help solve the infrastructure crisis in Africa by creating a $1 billion Clean Energy Fund for Africa to facilitate the transfer of clean technology, including renewable energy, from the United States to Africa. It should encourage the African Development Bank to focus solely on regional infrastructure projects, in return for which the United States should increase its capital contribution to the organization by 25 percent per year for each of the next four years. And it must ensure that the World Bank increases its allocation toward regional infrastructure projects in Africa, with a strong emphasis on clean technology, making this a central mission of its soft loan window. The Center for Global Development is an independent, nonprofit policy research organization that is dedicated to reducing global poverty and inequality and to making globalization work for the poor. This paper was made possible by financial support from the Australian Agency for International Development. Use and dissemination of this essay is encouraged; however, reproduced copies may not be used for commercial purposes. Further usage is permitted under the terms of the Creative Commons License. The

Vijaya Ramachandran; Vijaya Ramachandran; Grateful To Manju Kedia Shah; Robin Kraft

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

South Africa-GTZ Bus Rapid Transit Johannesburg | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa-GTZ Bus Rapid Transit Johannesburg Africa-GTZ Bus Rapid Transit Johannesburg Jump to: navigation, search Logo: South Africa-GTZ Bus Rapid Transit Johannesburg Name South Africa-GTZ Bus Rapid Transit Johannesburg Agency/Company /Organization GTZ Partner City of Johannesburg Sector Energy Focus Area Transportation Topics Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://www.gtz.de/en/themen/um Program Start 2006 Country South Africa UN Region Southern Africa References GTZ's Contribution to the Johannesburg Rea Vaya Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Project [1] Sustainable Urban Transport Project [2] Johannesburg started planning a Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system in November 2006. For the city of Johannesburg and on behalf of KfW Entwicklungsbank, GTZ is working to create a network of bus routes totalling 120 kilometres

425

Status of Power Sector Reform in Africa: Impact on the Poor | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Status of Power Sector Reform in Africa: Impact on the Poor Status of Power Sector Reform in Africa: Impact on the Poor Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Status of Power Sector Reform in Africa: Impact on the Poor Agency/Company /Organization: Stephen Karekezi and John Kimani Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, People and Policy Phase: Create a Vision Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421502000484 Cost: Free UN Region: Eastern Africa, Southern Africa Language: English This article is based on a regional study by the authors reviewing the status, challenges and prospects of ongoing and planned power sector reform in eastern and southern Africa with special emphasis on the implications

426

South Africa-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services South Africa-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Jump to: navigation, search Logo: South Africa-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Name South Africa-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), Global Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP), Green Jobs Initiative, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) Sector Climate, Energy, Land, Water Focus Area People and Policy Topics Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Country South Africa Southern Africa References UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services[1] Overview "UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services consist of policy advice, technical

427

Policy and Financing for Sustainable Land Management in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Policy and Financing for Sustainable Land Management in Sub-Saharan Africa Policy and Financing for Sustainable Land Management in Sub-Saharan Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Policy and Financing for Sustainable Land Management in Sub-Saharan Africa Agency/Company /Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry, Agriculture Topics: Finance, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.caadp.net/pdf/Policy%20and%20Financing%20for%20SLM%20in%20Sub-Saha UN Region: "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

428

Generation of Convective Storms over the Escarpment of Northeastern South Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The generation of convective storms over the escarpment of the northeastern region of South Africa is examined in terms of synoptic-, meso-, and local forcing.

Michael Garstang; Brian E. Kelbe; George D. Emmitt; Wendy B. London

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Social Work Education, Training and Employment in Africa: The case of Zimbabwe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

experiences in literacy training in Brazil. His best knownSocial Work Education, Training, and Employment in Africa:work education, training, and employment opportunities in

Chogugudza, Cris

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Prefeasibility Study for a Waste-to-EnergyApplication in Gauteng Province, South Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Waste-to-Energy concept becomes increasingly popular from the perspectives of the waste management and alternative energy. South Africa, which is a country heavily dependent on (more)

Subasinghe, Gayan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Study of a solar-assisted air conditioning system for South Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In South Africa, a significant amount of electrical energy is used for air conditioning in commercial buildings, on account of the high humidity experienced. Due (more)

Joseph, Jerusha Sarah.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Renewable energy strategies for low cost housing in South Africa : case studies from Cape Town.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation explores renewable energy strategies for low-income housing in South Africa using several case studies from the City of Cape Town and surrounding areas. (more)

Dubbeld, Catherine Elizabeth.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

POLICIES AND PUBLIC INVESTMENTS TO PROMOTE SMALLHOLDER GREEN REVOLUTIONS IN AFRICA: LESSONS FROM ASIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

achieved impressive gains in agricultural productivity and poverty reduction over the past half-century. By contrast, sustained agricultural development remains elusive in most of Africa.

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

The future impact of the current electricity crisis on Sasol South Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Towards the end of 2007, South Africa started experiencing widespread rolling electricity blackouts as the electricity demand exceeded the supply from energy giant Eskom. The (more)

Terblanche, Michelle

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Pre-paid water metering: social experiences and lessons learned from Klipheuwel pilot project, South Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis examined a pre-paid water metering pilot project which was implemented in Klipheuwel , Cape Town, South Africa in 2001. It was anticipated (more)

Kumwenda, Moses

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Touriga Naional x environment interaction in the Little Karoo region of South Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The Little Karoo region of South Africa stretches from Montagu in the west, through Barrydale on the Langeberg Mountain, towards Ladismith, Calitzdorp, Oudtshoorn (more)

Nel, Margaux

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

An investigation of solar powered absorption cooling systems for South Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Increased standards of living and indoor comfort demands have led to an increase in the demand for air-conditioning in buildings in South Africa. Conventional vapor (more)

Bvumbe, Tatenda Joseph.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Event:Hands-on Training Workshop for the Africa Region on Mitigation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assessment Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Hands-on Training Workshop for the Africa Region on Mitigation Assessment: on 20120910 The Consultative Group of Experts...

439

South Africa-Integrating Sub-national Actors into National Mitigation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

with national decision-makers in selected emerging countries (South Africa and Indonesia) and sectors (pilot v-NAMAs), and will use the experience gained to operationalise...

440

GPS constraints on continental deformation in the Africa-Arabia-Eurasia continental collision zone and implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and eastern Anatolia (Turkey), the southwestern Aegean/Peloponnesus, the Lesser Caucasus, and Central Iran shortening along the Caucasus and Zagros mountain belts around the periphery of the collision zone Survey for Seismic Protection, Yerevan, Armenia. 7 Joint Stock Company ``Airgeodetic'', Tbilisi, Georgia

Vernant, Philippe

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Macro Trends and Determinants of Fertilizer Use in Subsaharan Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is published by the Department of Agricultural Economics and the Department of Economics, Michigan State University (MSU). Funding for this research was provided by the Food Security II Cooperative Agreement (AEP-5459-A-00-2041-00) between Michigan State University and the United States Agency for International Development, through the Africa Bureau's Office of Sustainable Development, Productive Sector Growth and Environment Division, Technology Development and Transfer Unit (AFR/SD/PSGE/TDT). The authors are graduate assistant and visiting associate professor, respectively, in the Department of Agricultural Economics, Michigan State University. ii

Anwar Naseem; Valerie Kelly; Carl Liedholm; Michael T. Weber

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Mineralogy, geochemistry and expansion testing of an alkali-reactive basalt from western Anatolia, Turkey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the alkali-silica reaction performance of a basalt rock from western Anatolia, Turkey is reported. It is observed that the rock causes severe gel formation in the concrete microbar test. It appears that the main source of expansion is the reactive glassy phase of the basalt matrix having approximately 70% of SiO{sub 2}. The study presents the microstructural characteristics of unreacted and reacted basalt aggregate by optical and electron microscopy and discusses the possible reaction mechanism. Microstructural analysis revealed that the dissolution of silica is overwhelming in the matrix of the basalt and it eventually generates four consequences: (1) Formation of alkali-silica reaction gel at the aggregate perimeter, (2) increased porosity and permeability of the basalt matrix, (3) reduction of mechanical properties of the aggregate and (4) additional gel formation within the aggregate. It is concluded that the basalt rock is highly prone to alkali-silica reaction. As an aggregate, this rock is not suitable for concrete production.

Copuroglu, Oguzhan, E-mail: O.Copuroglu@CiTG.TUDelft.NL [Delft University of Technology, Faculty of CiTG, Materials and Environment, Stevinweg 1, 2628CN, Delft (Netherlands); Andic-Cakir, Ozge [Ege University, Civil Engineering Dept., 35100 Bornova, Izmir (Turkey); Broekmans, Maarten A.T.M. [Geological Survey of Norway, Dept. of Mineral Characterization, N-7491 Trondheim (Norway); Kuehnel, Radko [Burgemeester Merkusstraat 5, 2645 NJ, Delfgauw (Netherlands)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

443

Life cycle assessment of solid waste management options for Eskisehir, Turkey  

SciTech Connect

Life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology was used to determine the optimum municipal solid waste (MSW) management strategy for Eskisehir city. Eskisehir is one of the developing cities of Turkey where a total of approximately 750 tons/day of waste is generated. An effective MSW management system is needed in this city since the generated MSW is dumped in an unregulated dumping site that has no liner, no biogas capture, etc. Therefore, five different scenarios were developed as alternatives to the current waste management system. Collection and transportation of waste, a material recovery facility (MRF), recycling, composting, incineration and landfilling processes were considered in these scenarios. SimaPro7 libraries were used to obtain background data for the life cycle inventory. One ton of municipal solid waste of Eskisehir was selected as the functional unit. The alternative scenarios were compared through the CML 2000 method and these comparisons were carried out from the abiotic depletion, global warming, human toxicity, acidification, eutrophication and photochemical ozone depletion points of view. According to the comparisons and sensitivity analysis, composting scenario, S3, is the more environmentally preferable alternative. In this study waste management alternatives were investigated only on an environmental point of view. For that reason, it might be supported with other decision-making tools that consider the economic and social effects of solid waste management.

Banar, Mufide [Anadolu University, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Department of Environmental Engineering, Iki Eylul Campus, 26555 Eskisehir (Turkey)], E-mail: mbanar@anadolu.edu.tr; Cokaygil, Zerrin; Ozkan, Aysun [Anadolu University, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Department of Environmental Engineering, Iki Eylul Campus, 26555 Eskisehir (Turkey)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

444

Organic geochemical evaluations of bituminous rock and coals in Miocene Himmetoglu basin (Bolu, Turkey)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The studied area is a lake basin located in Bolu basin in Turkey. In the basin, from Upper Cretaceous to Upper Miocene 3,000-m thickness sediments were deposited. Upper Miocene Himmetoglu formation consisted of sandstone, claystone, and marl. To the middle level of the formation are located coal, bituminous limestone, and bituminous shales. In the basin, there are two coal beds whose thicknesses range from 1 to 13 m. The coals are easily breakable and black in color. In the coal beds exists some bituminous limestone and bituminous shales, and their thicknesses are between 5 and 45 cm. The amount of organic matter of the bituminous rocks from the Upper Miocene Himmetoglu formation are between 6.83 and 56.34 wt%, and the amount of organic matter of the bituminous limestone from the formation are between 13.58 and 57.16 wt%. These values indicate that these rocks have very good source potential. According to hydrogen index (HI), S2/S3, HI-T{sub max}, and HI-OI (oxygen index) parameters, kerogen types of the bituminous rocks and coals belonging to Upper Miocene Himmetoglu formation are Type I, Type II, and Type III. In accordance with HI, S2/S3, HI-T{sub max}, and HI-OI parameters, the bituminous rocks and coals from the Upper Miocene Himmetoglu formation are mostly immature.

Sari, A.; Geze, Y. [Ankara University, Ankara (Turkey). Faculty of Engineering

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Comments on The South Indian Convergence Zone and Interannual Rainfall Variability over Southern Africa and the Question of ENSO's Influence on Southern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observational and modeling studies have produced extensive evidence of a link between rainfall variability in southern Africa and the Pacific ENSO phenomenon, as well as a link with sea surface temperatures in the Indian and, to a lesser extent, ...

Sharon Nicholson

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

The SME boom in rural South Africa links to electricity and telephony  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-) ) The SME boom in rural South Africa links to electricity and telephony Paper to be presented in rural South Africa, with a special focus on electricity and telephone access. The micro data we analyse of the historically disadvantaged "deep rural" areas. In parallel to a doubled electricity access, we find a 14-fold

447

Renewable Energy Industry in South Africa: Opportunities for Partnership and Collaboration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Renewable Energy Industry in South Africa: Opportunities for Partnership and Collaboration Renewable Energy in South Africa September 23, 2013 11:30 a.m. ­ 12:30 p.m, Engineering East 303C@fau.edu FAU's Division of Research and Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center invite you

Fernandez, Eduardo

448

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF FOOD OF SKIPJACK AND YELLOWFIN TUNAS OFF THE COAST OF WEST AFRICA'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF FOOD OF SKIPJACK AND YELLOWFIN TUNAS OFF THE COAST OF WEST AFRICA' ALEXANDER DRAGOVICH AND THOMAS POTTHOFF" ABSTRACT Stomach contents of 711 skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelmnis) and 132 yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) captured in 1968 by live bait and trolling off the coast of West Africa

449

Ostrich 2004, 75(4): 269274 Printed in South Africa --All rights reserved  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

apply the model to Permian and Triassic communities of the Karoo Basin, South Africa, and show Keywords: mass extinction; end-Permian extinction; Karoo Basin; food webs; extinction cascades 1 Palaeozoic and Early Mesozoic of the Beaufort Group, Karoo Basin, South Africa: the Middle Permian

Martin, Thomas E.

450

Mapping theoretical and practical issues in the relationship between ICTs and Africa's socioeconomic development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationship between new information and communication technologies (ICTs) and socioeconomic development has remained largely a subject of academic debate. While some researchers believe the new technologies represent the tonic that Africa needs ... Keywords: Africa, Digital telecommunications, Email, ICTs, Internet, New technologies, Socioeconomic development

Levi Obijiofor

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

New species of Mycosphaerella occurring on Eucalyptus leaves in Indonesia and Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

781 New species of Mycosphaerella occurring on Eucalyptus leaves in Indonesia and Africa P.W. Crous and M.J. Wingfield Ahstract:Although Africa and Indonesia have not been particularly well surveyed Eucalyptus leaves from Indonesia. The former species is of particular interest, because its anamorph

452

Energy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Africa: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya Acknowledgements I have been lucky to spend the past five yearsEnergy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya By Katherine Deaton Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya Energy System Development inAfrica: The case

de Weck, Olivier L.

453

Electricity supply, irregularities, and the prospect for solar energy and energy sustainability in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are faced with the problem of expanding urban growth and demographic shift

Dan Nchelatebe Nkwetta; Mervyn Smyth; Vu Van Thong; Johan Driesen; Ronnie Belmans

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

ESMAP-South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Carbon Growth Strategy Low Carbon Growth Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-ESMAP Low Carbon Growth Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Transportation Topics GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Publications, Case studies/examples Website http://www.esmap.org/ Country South Africa Southern Africa References World Bank, ESMAP - Low Carbon Growth Country Studies - Getting Started[1] Overview "To facilitate the implementation of the Long-Term Mitigation Scenario developed by the Government of South Africa in 2006, the South Africa study focuses on building capacity for energy efficiency and demand-side

455

South Africa-Energy and Climate Change Research Program | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Energy and Climate Change Research Program South Africa-Energy and Climate Change Research Program Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa Energy and Climate Change Research Program Agency/Company /Organization France Agency of Development (AFD) Partner International Conference on Electricity Distribution CIRED Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency Topics Low emission development planning Website http://www.afd.fr/home Country South Africa Southern Africa References EU Development Days Presentation[1] The main aim of this program is to assist the country in the evaluation of short-term costs and long-term impacts associated with the implementation of public policies related to energy transition. Topics of study include: Efficient use of energy resources Maximizing impacts of investments toward renewable energy

456

Feasibility study for the construction of a new LNG receiving terminal. Turkey. Volume 1. Export trade information. [LNG (liquified natural gas)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report was prepared by The M. W. Kellogg Co. for BOTAS Petroleum Pipeline Corporation of Ankara, Turkey. The study was undertaken to evaluate the cost and economics of constructing a second liquified natural gas (LNG) terminal in Turkey to meet future requirements for natural gas. Volume 1 is divided into the following sections: (1) Introduction; (2) Summary and Conclusions; (3) Design Basis; (4) Site Evaluation; (5) LNG Terminal Design; (6) Major Equipment and Instrumentation; (7) Marine Operations; (8) Safety Considerations; (9) Environmental Review; (10) Preliminary Project Execution Strategy; (11) Cost Estimates; (12) Project Master Schedule; (13) Economic Analysis; (14) Financing; (15) Future Work.

Not Available

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

"2. Turkey Point","Nuclear","Florida Power & Light Co",3334  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Florida" Florida" "1. Martin","Gas","Florida Power & Light Co",3695 "2. Turkey Point","Nuclear","Florida Power & Light Co",3334 "3. Crystal River","Coal","Progress Energy Florida Inc",3151 "4. Manatee","Gas","Florida Power & Light Co",2735 "5. West County Energy Center (WCEC)","Gas","Florida Power & Light Co",2438 "6. Fort Myers","Gas","Florida Power & Light Co",2403 "7. Sanford","Gas","Florida Power & Light Co",2050 "8. Hines Energy Complex","Gas","Progress Energy Florida Inc",1912 "9. H. L. Culbreath Bayside","Gas","Tampa Electric Co",1854

458

Effect of Hurricane Andrew on the Turkey Point Nuclear Generating Station from August 20--30, 1992. [Final report  

SciTech Connect

On August 24, 1992, Hurricane Andrew, a Category 4 hurricane, struck the Turkey Point Electrical Generating Station with sustained winds of 145 mph (233 km/h). This is the report of the team that the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO) jointly sponsored (1) to review the damage that the hurricane caused the nuclear units and the utility`s actions to prepare for the storm and recover from it, and (2) to compile lessons that might benefit other nuclear reactor facilities.

Hebdon, F.J. [Institute of Nuclear Power Operations, Atlanta, GA (United States)

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Enhanced T-lymphocyte blastogenic response to tuberculin (PPD) in children of northeast (NE) Thailand supplemented with vitamin A (VA) and zinc (Zn)  

SciTech Connect

Beneficial effects of Va and/or Zn supplementation of children in NE Thailand are described in a companion abstract. In the same study, blastogenic response (BR) of T-lymphocytes to concanavalin-A (ConA) and PPD were assayed in cultures containing mononuclear cells (MNC) or whole blood (WB). Methods were previously described. Children were previously vaccinated with BCG. BR to ConA of MNC or WB from children supplemented with VA, Zn, VA + Zn or placebo were similar. BR to PPD of MNC was higher in children receiving VA + Zn than placebo, but not in children supplemented with VA or Zn alone. Data indicate that children with suboptimal VA and Zn nutriture supplemented with < 2 times RDA of these nutrients showed enhanced cellular immunity to PPD. This observation is relevant to BCG immunization program and thus may benefit public health.

Kramer, T.R.; Udomkesmalee, E.; Dhanamitta, S.; Sirisinha, S.; Charoenkiatkul, S.; Tantipopipat, S.; Banjong, O.; Rojroongwasinkul, N.; Smith, J.C. Jr. (Dept. of Agriculture, Beltsville, MD (United States) Mahidol Univ., Nakhon Pathom (Thailand))

1991-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

460

Assessing the performance of SIA in the EIA context: A case study of South Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article, a theoretical perspective based on a literature study, is a critical evaluation of SIA as part of the EIA process in South Africa against the background of international guidelines and best practices. It includes sections on the historical background of the development of SIA in South Africa, the legal status and requirements of SIA in the country, and a critical evaluation of SIA regulation in South Africa. The conclusion reached in the article is that the persistent problems of SIA practice, experienced in other parts of the world, are also evident in South Africa. Apart from institutional, financial and professional constraints, there are also serious problems associated with approach and methods. This conclusion confirms the findings of empirical studies that SIA in South Africa is neglected, that the practice of SIA in South Africa is not yet on a sound footing, and that it does not receive the professional attention it deserves in a country beset by enormous social challenges. To conclude the article recommendations are made to improve the level of SIA practice in South Africa, and the possible significance of this national case study for international practice is indicated.

Pisani, Jacobus A. du [School of Social and Government Studies, North-West University, Potchefstroom, P.O. Box 19772, 2522 Noordbrug (South Africa)]. E-mail: gskjadp@puk.ac.za; Sandham, Luke A. [School of Environmental Sciences and Development, North-West University, Potchefstroom (South Africa)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Tropical Africa: Calculated Actual Aboveground Live Biomass in Open and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Calculated Actual Aboveground Live Biomass in Open and Calculated Actual Aboveground Live Biomass in Open and Closed Forests (1980) image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNL/CDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. More Maps Land Use Maximum Potential Biomass Density Area of Closed Forests (By Country) Mean Biomass of Closed Forests (By Country) Area of Open Forests (By Country) Mean Biomass of Open Forests (By County) Percent Forest Cover (By Country) Total Forest Biomass (By Country) Population Density - 1990 (By Administrative Unit) Population Density - 1980 (By Administrative Unit) Population Density - 1970 (By Administrative Unit) Population Density - 1960 (By Administrative Unit)

462

Characteristics of Travellers from Bosnia and Herzegovina to Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction: Travellers from Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) travel to different world countries. The awareness of people is changing every day and nowadays travellers seek advices related to their travel and destination more often than before. In the previous years, travellers came to Travel Clinics almost only to get the vaccines which were obligatory for entry into a country. In B&H travel clinics are a part of public health institutes. The largest Travel Clinic which provides service for the highest number of travellers is in the Public Health Institute of Sarajevo Canton, in the city of Sarajevo, which is the capital of B&H. In the last years we have seen an increasing interest for travel to Africa because the highest number of

unknown authors

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Mobile Facility Records Annual Climate Cycle in Niger, Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facility Records Annual Facility Records Annual Climate Cycle in Niger, Africa Because dust can block incoming solar energy, and because solar energy drives weather and climate, scientists around the world are looking for ways to better understand these natural phenomena. In 2006, scientists sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility conducted a year-long field campaign in Niamey, Niger, to provide key information for the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses, or AMMA, project. During the 12-month experiment at the airport in Niamey, researchers used a portable atmospheric laboratory, airplanes, and satellites to collect information about clouds, aerosols, and solar and terrestrial energy in the skies above the site. Measurements obtained

464

Geothermal development in Thailand  

SciTech Connect

San Kampaeng and Fang geothermal areas are considered areas of interest for exploitation of geothermal energy. The technologies of exploration and development have been studied by Thai scientists and engineers during the past four years. The first geothermal deep exploration well was drilled, in cooperation with Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), in the San Kampaeng geothermal area. In 1985, supplementary work is planned to define the deep structural setting in greater detail before starting to drill the next deep exploration well. In Fang geothermal area some shallow exploitation wells have been drilled to obtain fluid to feed a demonstration binary system of 120 kWe, with the technical cooperation of BRGM and GEOWATT, France.

Praserdvigai, S.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Daylighting potential in Thailand  

SciTech Connect

Daylighting has good potential for application in tropical climates. It can help save electric energy as well as reduce the daytime power demand substantially. It can bring another dimension of energy efficiency in addition to efficient lighting technology, as well as aesthetic value. Its integration with continuous-dimming electric lighting is found to be acceptable. However, fundamental research as well as daylighting application technology are required to realize the potential.

Chirarattananon, S.; Limmechokchai, B. [Asian Inst. of Tech., Bangkok (Thailand)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Environmental impact assessment practices in the sub-Saharan Africa: cases from Kenya  

SciTech Connect

The aim for this research is to review environmental impact assessment (EIA) practices in sub-Saharan Africa, drawing upon appropriate theoretical and methodological work on EIA. This study uses a comparative evaluation method to examine the extent of environmental impact assessment (EIA) in project analysis. It uses site and services low cost housing projects from Kenya. The research has three major components: (1) review of environmental practice in Sub-Saharan Africa through literature review and case studies; (2) review of general literature on EIA as practiced by international agencies and developed countries; and (3) formulation of more suitable guidelines for EIA procedures in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Ngunjiri, P.G.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

An analysis of markets for small-scale, advanced coal-combustion technology in Spain, Italy, and Turkey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report discusses the examination of potential overseas markets for using small-scale, US-developed, advanced coal-combustion technologies (ACTs). In previous work, member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) were rated on their potential for using ACTs through a comprehensive screening methodology. The three most promising OECD markets were found to be Spain, Italy, and Turkey. This report provides in-depth analyses of these three selected countries. First, it addresses changes in the European Community with particular reference to the 1992 restructuring and its potential effect on the energy situation in Europe, specifically in the three subject countries. It presents individual country studies that examine demographics, economics, building infrastructures, and energy-related factors. Potential niches for ACTs are explored for each country through regional analyses. Marketing channels, strategies, and the trading environments in each country are also discussed. The information gathered indicates that Turkey is a most promising market, Spain is a fairly promising market, and Italy appears to be a somewhat limited market for US ACTs. 76 refs., 16 figs., 14 tabs.

Placet, M.; Gerry, P.A.; Kenski, D.M.; Kern, D.M.; Nehring, J.L.; Szpunar, C.B.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Local websites as the new existence of traditional local cultures in the virtual space: an overview on the local websites of Turkey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With its original traditions and values dating back to hundreds of years in seven different regions, Turkey distinguishes by its own cosmopolite culture from the others. The local sites of the regions also differ by their aspects reflecting the old culture ... Keywords: content, cultural experience, culture, design, local, web site

Kerem Rizvano?lu; zgrol ztrk

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Fig1. The location of Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant and regions of Turkey with cities. Fig2. Map showing the study area.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fig1. The location of Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant and regions of Turkey with cities. #12;Fig2. Map of 30 years. The dot shows the location of the Metsamor NPP. Each number indicates a selected city over Europe after the Chernobyl nuclear accident. Numbers 1-8 represent plume arrival times

Chen, Shu-Hua

470

LEDSGP/about/Latin America and Caribbean Regional Platform |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of Macedonia Malawi Malaysia Mexico Moldova Peru Philippines Serbia South Africa Thailand Ukraine Vietnam Zambia Clean Technology Fund (CTF) African Development Bank Asian...

471

Waste Management Sector Network (WMSN) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mozambique Nepal Nigeria Panama Philippines Rwanda Senegal South Africa Tanzania Thailand Togolese Republic Trinidad and Tobago Uganda Ukraine Vietnam Zambia Climate...

472

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

473

123 Agreements for Peaceful Cooperation | National Nuclear Security...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

(Euratom)1 International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) India Indonesia Japan Kazakhstan Korea, Republic of (ROK) Morocco Norway Russia South Africa Switzerland Taiwan2 Thailand...

474

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South* Malaysia* Singapore* Thailand* Regional. Caribbean East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea. Special Topics.

475

Malaysia - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

476

Bulgaria - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

477

Afghanistan - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

478

United States - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

479

Japan - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

480

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa thailand turkey" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Countries - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

482

Electricity Prices for Industry - EIA - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

483

LEDSGP/about/Latin America and Caribbean Regional Platform |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(EBRD) Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) World Bank Algeria Egypt Indonesia Jordan Kazakhstan Mexico Morocco Nigeria Philippines South Africa Thailand Tunisia Caribbean...

484

South Africa-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) South Africa-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: South Africa-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Name South Africa-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Partner Australia, Denmark, EC, Germany, Japan, Netherlands, Norway Spain, Switzerland, UK, and US Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Baseline projection, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs

485

South Africa-Integrating Sub-national Actors into National Mitigation  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » South Africa-Integrating Sub-national Actors into National Mitigation Strategies Through Vertically Integrated NAMAs (V-NAMAs) Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Integrating Sub-national Actors into National Mitigation Strategies Through Vertically Integrated NAMAs (V-NAMAs) Agency/Company /Organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA Program Start 2011 Program End 2014 Country South Africa Southern Africa References Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)[1] Program Overview Many future NAMAs will only be successful to the extent that the

486

Validation of Improved TAMANN Neural Network for Operational Satellite-Derived Rainfall Estimation in Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real-time rainfall monitoring in Africa is of great practical importance for operational applications in hydrology and agriculture. Satellite data have been used in this context for many years because of the lack of surface observations. This ...

E. Coppola; D. I. F. Grimes; M. Verdecchia; G. Visconti

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Diagnosing the Droughts and Floods in Equatorial East Africa during Boreal Autumn 200508  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Building on an earlier report on the 2005 drought in equatorial East Africa, this short note examines the circulation mechanisms of the anomalies in the boreal autumn short rains season in the subsequent three years. Westerlies during this ...

Stefan Hastenrath; Dierk Polzin; Charles Mutai

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Recent Trends of Minimum and Maximum Surface Temperatures over Eastern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigated recent trends in the mean surface minimum and maximum air temperatures over eastern Africa by use of both graphical and statistical techniques. Daily records for 71 stations for the period 193992 were used.

S. M. Kinguyu; L. A. Ogallo; E. K. Anyamba

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Simulating SST Teleconnections to Africa: What is the State of the Art?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study provides an overview of the state of the art of modeling SST teleconnections to Africa and begins to investigate the sources of error. Data are obtained from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP) archives, phases 3 and 5 (...

David P. Rowell

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Power transmission investment analysis: a new financial Evaluation framework for South Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A proposed framework for power transmission expansion projects in South Africa incorporates the modeling of project options and uncertainties, Monte Carlo simulations, real option analysis, and decision analysis, based on a foundation of strategic analysis. (author)

Maboke, Silky Ntombifuthi; Kachienga, Michael Ogembo

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

491

Investigation of Hydrological Variability in West Africa Using Land Surface Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The availability of freshwater is a particularly important issue in Africa where large portions of the continent are arid or semiarid and climate is highly variable. Sustainable water resource management requires the assessment of hydrological ...

K. Y. Li; M. T. Coe; N. Ramankutty

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

A Numerical Model Study of an Intense Cutoff Low Pressure System over South Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Investigations of extreme rainfall events in the southern African region are limited by the paucity of the observational network. Furthermore, the lack of full radar coverage for South Africa makes quantitative precipitation estimation difficult. ...

A. T. Singleton; C. J. C. Reason

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Associations between the Global Energy Cycle and Regional Rainfall in South Africa and Southwest Australia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large-scale atmospheric processes in the Southern Hemisphere are examined on both seasonal and daily time scales in order to seek associations between these and regional rainfall variability in the summer rainfall areas of South Africa and the ...

Warren J. Tennant; Chris J. C. Reason

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

The Interannual Variability of the Onset of the Maize Growing Season over South Africa and Zimbabwe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Subsistence farmers within southern Africa have identified the onset of the maize growing season as an important seasonal characteristic, advance knowledge of which would aid preparations for the planting of rain-fed maize. Onset over South ...

M. A. Tadross; B. C. Hewitson; M. T. Usman

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

A Diagnostic Evaluation of Precipitation in CORDEX Models over Southern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors evaluate the ability of 10 regional climate models (RCMs) to simulate precipitation over Southern Africa within the Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX) framework. An ensemble of 10 regional climate simulations ...

Evangelia-Anna Kalognomou; Christopher Lennard; Mxolisi Shongwe; Izidine Pinto; Alice Favre; Michael Kent; Bruce Hewitson; Alessandro Dosio; Grigory Nikulin; Hans-Jrgen Panitz; Matthias Bchner

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Structural Characteristics of Deep Convective Systems over Tropical Africa and the Atlantic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structural properties of convective cloud clusters of tropical Africa and the Atlantic Ocean are studied using six summers of Meteosat satellite data in the atmospheric infrared window. A cluster at a given brightness temperature threshold is ...

L. A. Toledo Machado; M. Desbois; J-Ph Duvel

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

An Artificial Neural Network Approach to Multispectral Rainfall Estimation over Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multispectral Spinning Enhanced Visible and IR Interferometer (SEVIRI) data, calibrated with daily rain gauge estimates, were used to produce daily high-resolution rainfall estimates over Africa. An artificial neural network (ANN) approach was ...

Robin Chadwick; David Grimes

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

498