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Sample records for africa spain sri

  1. Focus: Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferguson, M.P.

    1992-04-01

    Historically, Spain`s nuclear program has had its share of successes and challenges. The country currently operates nine nuclear reactors totalling over 7,100 MWe of capacity and accounting for more than a third of Spain`s electricity generation. Yet four reactors at advanced stages of construction remain mothballed due to a government-imposed moratorium, and a fire at one reactor in 1989 led to its premature closure and to a revival of anti-nuclear sentiment in the country. In the new national energy plan, Spain opted to continue the moratorium and rely upon conservation measures, additional natural gas imports, and electricity imports to meet expected demand. The current nuclear facilities will continue to operate, and the government will continue to pursue advanced reactor research, and expansion of the country`s domestic uranium industry. Spain`s integration into the European Community also is affecting the country`s energy plans, prompting consolidation within the Spanish electricity sector in order to be more competitive in Europe.

  2. SRI2007 Conference - Poster Download

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein1-0845*RV6 Commercial value of4 Hidden1999 → SRI

  3. Spain`s uranium industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferguson, M.P.

    1992-05-01

    Spain currently operates nine nuclear reactors totalling over 7,100 MWe of capacity, contributing about one-third of all electricity generated in Spain. Four reactors at advanced stages of construction remain mothballed as the result of a government-imposed moratorium, and a fire at Vandellos 1 in 1989 led to its premature closure and to a revival of anti-nuclear sentiment in the country. In the new national energy plan, which was sent to the Spanish Parliament on July 25, 1991, Spain opted to continue the nuclear moratorium that began in 1984 and rely upon conservation measures, additional natural gas imports, and electricity imports to meet expected demand. Under the new plan, nuclear power`s share of Spain`s total installed electrical generating capacity will fall from about 17 percent in 1990, to approximately 14 percent by the end of the century, as only the current nuclear facilities will continue to operate and no new nuclear plants will be built. Spain`s integration into the European Community also is affecting the country`s energy plans, prompting consolidation within the Spanish electricity sector in order to be more competitive in Europe. To supply the existing reactors, the government is supporting a major expansion of the country`s domestic uranium industry.

  4. Solar Reflectance Index (SRI) Calculation Worksheet SRI-WS Computer Generated Form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solar Reflectance Index (SRI) Calculation Worksheet SRI-WS Computer Generated Form Date: Climate Roof) Roofing products with high solar reflectance and thermal emittance are referred to as "Cool Roof hot, light-colored surfaces reflect solar energy and stay cooler. However, high emittance is also

  5. Mother Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdulmelik, Nebila

    2009-01-01

    and strong LIVE LONG MOTHER AFRICA! About the author: NebilaMOTHER AFRICA Ailing pains that never seem to go awaydespite the strife Mother AFRICA Although they will burden

  6. Sandia Energy - Sandia, SRI International Sign Pact to Advance...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sandia, SRI International Sign Pact to Advance Hydrogen and Natural Gas Research for Transportation Home Energy Transportation Energy CRF Facilities News News & Events Livermore...

  7. SriPower | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) Jump to:Spill PreventionJumpPapers Ltd SPLSriSaiSriPower

  8. Movin' on up : mainstreaming under-serviced urban communities in Colombo, Sri Lanka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wickrema, Marinne Dhakshike

    2005-01-01

    This thesis offers an early look at a radical shift in Sri Lankan urban housing policy regarding slums in the capital city of Colombo. During the 1980s, the Sri Lankan government achieved widespread urban improvements by ...

  9. Molecular Studies in Horses with SRY-Positive XY Sex Reversal 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Erica

    2012-02-14

    .......................................................... 14 Chromosome Preparations and Karyotyping ................................................ 16 Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) with SRY Primers .................................. 17 Sequencing... ............................................... 7 2 DNA sequence of SRY exon, and PCR primers ......................................... 20 3 Primers designed around the ECA29 deletion site to define the breakpoints...

  10. Africa Studie CentrumAfrica Studie CentrumAfrica Studie CentrumAfrica Studie Centrum Tracking Development Falsification Award: 5000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa Studie CentrumAfrica Studie CentrumAfrica Studie CentrumAfrica Studie Centrum Tracking-Saharan Africa: the primacy of policy', on the TD project website (www.trackingdevelopment.net) under the rubric

  11. Vote Buying and Accountability in Democratic Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kramon, Eric

    2013-01-01

    Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66Clientelism and the Quality of Democracy in Africa . . . .Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  12. Journal of Geological Society of Sri Lanka Vol. 15 (2013), 69-83 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY POTENTIAL IN SRI LANKA: A PRELIMINARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    2013-01-01

    Journal of Geological Society of Sri Lanka Vol. 15 (2013), 69-83 69 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY POTENTIAL faults or hot dry rock that would help geothermal energy development. Data show three regions, metamorphic terrains INTRODUCTION Geothermal energy development in Sri Lanka has been considered

  13. Sri Lanka-Rapid Assessment of City Emissions (RACE) for Low Carbon...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Assessment of City Emissions (RACE) for Low Carbon Cities: Transport and Building Electricity Use Jump to: navigation, search Name Sri Lanka-Rapid Assessment of City Emissions...

  14. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  15. Hema Sri Power Projects Ltd HSPPL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Navigation Jump to: navigation,UtilityHema Sri

  16. Sri Balaji Biomass Power Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) Jump to:Spill PreventionJumpPapers Ltd SPL JumpSri Balaji

  17. Sri Chamundeswari Sugars Limited SCSL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) Jump to:Spill PreventionJumpPapers Ltd SPL JumpSri

  18. Sri Gomathy Mills Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) Jump to:Spill PreventionJumpPapers Ltd SPL JumpSriGomathy

  19. The trouser under the cloth : Ceylon/Sri Lanka, personal space in the decolonization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pieris, Anoma D. (Anoma Darshani)

    1994-01-01

    This thesis examines the processes of decolonization in Ceylon/Sri Lanka, through the expressions of personal space surrounding the event of political independence. Personal space is understood as dress, manners, and ...

  20. Guardians of childhood: state, class and morality in a Sri Lankan bureaucracy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amarasuriya, Harini Nireka

    2011-07-04

    This thesis explores the everyday practices, relationships and interactions in a Probation Unit of the Department of Probation and Child Care Services in the Central Province in Sri Lanka. Using multi-sited ethnography ...

  1. West Africa Emerges as Leading Region in Africa for Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    West Africa Emerges as Leading Region in Africa for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Home > Groups > Clean and Renewable Energy Dc's picture Submitted by Dc(266) Contributor...

  2. Artful Adventures Arts of Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowley, Clarence W.

    Artful Adventures Arts of Africa #12;sculpture AfricA, one of the oldest inhabited areas on earth;Headrests Tsonga artist (South Africa or Mozambique), Double headrest with snuff containers (isigqiki), late Africa. People rested their heads on them to protect their elaborate hairstyles while they slept

  3. Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and Management Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa's Transport Infrastructure...

  4. Country Energy Profile, South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-08-01

    This country energy profile provides energy and economic information about South Africa. Areas covered include: Economics, demographics, and environment; Energy situation; Energy structure; Energy investment opportunities; Department of Energy (DOE) programs in South Africa; and a listing of International aid to South Africa.

  5. Feasibility of an appliance energy testing and labeling program for Sri Lanka

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biermayer, Peter; Busch, John; Hakim, Sajid; Turiel, Issac; du Pont, Peter; Stone, Chris

    2000-04-01

    A feasibility study evaluated the costs and benefits of establishing a program for testing, labeling and setting minimum efficiency standards for appliances and lighting in Sri Lanka. The feasibility study included: refrigerators, air-conditioners, flourescent lighting (ballasts & CFls), ceiling fans, motors, and televisions.

  6. Technical Report: SRICSL9806 July 1998 Computer Science Laboratory, SRI International, Menlo Park

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruni, Roberto

    Park also Technical Report: TR­98­09 Dipartimento di Informatica, Universit`a di Pisa Process and Term Laboratory Dipartimento di Informatica Universit`a di Pisa SRI International Universit`a di Pisa Corso Italia 40 333 Ravenswood Ave. Corso Italia 40 56125 Pisa, Italy Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA 56125 Pisa, Italy

  7. Energy Driven Application Self-Adaptation at Jorgen Peddersen, Sri Parameswaran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New South Wales, University of

    Energy Driven Application Self-Adaptation at Run-time Jorgen Peddersen, Sri Parameswaran School/energy estimating processor which utilizes counters to estimate power and energy consumption at run-time. Techniques: Quality Comparison 1 Introduction Power and energy consumption are becoming the most dominant bottlenecks

  8. Impacts of the 2004 tsunami on groundwater resources in Sri Lanka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clement, Prabhakar

    Impacts of the 2004 tsunami on groundwater resources in Sri Lanka Tissa Illangasekare,1 Scott W 2006; accepted 9 March 2006; published 9 May 2006. [1] The 26 December 2004 tsunami caused widespread of the impacts of the tsunami and to provide recommendations for the future of coastal water resources in south

  9. Secrets of the arts : Enlightenment Spain's contested Islamic craft heritage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francis, Razan

    2014-01-01

    This dissertation examines the artistic and architectural mutations occurring in Spain during the eighteenth century, when Spain decided to participate in the Enlightenment's philosophical project that emphasized the ...

  10. Dancing Africa in Bahia : dance, embodied authenticity and the consumption of "Africa" in Bahia, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahlberg, Meredith A.

    2011-01-01

    Paulla A. 2002. Performing Africa. Princeton, NJ: Princeton30 (3): 847–861. Dzidzienyo, Anani. 1999. “Africa-Brazil: ‘Ex Africa Semper Aliquid Novi’? ” In Black Brazil: Culture,

  11. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    World Bank; Mills, Evan; Mills, Evan

    2008-07-13

    Although the emergence of markets for high efficiency off-grid lighting technologies holds promise, realizing the potential of this opportunity on a long-term, sustainable basis requires careful attention to issues of product quality, consumer protection, and the potential for significant 'market spoiling', in anticipation of increases of sales of low cost, low performance off-grid lighting products. The goal of the Lighting Africa quality assurance workshop was to articulate strategies to mitigate the dangers of market spoiling and to explore ways to protect consumers from misleading advertising for sales of inferior, off-grid lighting products in the context of Lighting Africa's overarching objective to support the industry in developing a robust off-grid lighting market in Africa. The workshop resulted in the identification of two strategic approaches for meeting Lighting Africa quality assurance programmatic needs. The first strategy is intended to meet a short-term programmatic need for quality associated with requests for lighting products by bulk procurement agents, such as in a World Bank-financed project. The development of procurement specifications and test procedures that could be used in a quality/usability screening method in order to provide guidance for forthcoming large volume purchases emerged as the best solution to meet this need. Such approaches are used in World Bank-financed solar home systems (SHSs) projects in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and China, among others. However, unlike the SHSs which have multiple balance-of-system (BOS) components warranting the need for an array of specifications for individual components, stand alone lighting systems require specifications that are amenable to individual light points. To test this approach, Lighting Africa elected to use the technical specifications issued by the Photovoltaic Global Approval Program for solar lanterns that use CFL bulbs (PVRS11A) as the basis of qualifying such products. A contract has been competitively awarded to the Global Approval Program for Photovoltaics (PV GAP) under the Lighting Africa Program to select and test ten solar lantern product models. Lantern selection will be determined based on a number of criteria, among them, the ability to provide a daily duty cycle of at least 3 hours of light, the number of days of autonomy of battery, the volume of sales (especially in Africa), and whether or not the manufacturing facility is ISO 9000 certified. Those that are confirmed as meeting the specifications may be eligible to receive a PVGAP quality seal. The work is being carried out in partnership with the Photovoltaic and Wind Quality Test Center in Beijing, China and TUV Rhineland in Koeln, Germany. As off-grid LED-based stand-alone lighting products is in a nascent stage of development compared to CFL-based lanterns, Lighting Africa will support the development of a 'Quality Screening' approach to selecting LED lighting, in order not to delay consumers benefiting from such advances. The screening methodology could be used by procurement agencies to qualify LED lighting products for bulk or programmatic procurements. The main elements of this work comprises of developing a procurement specification and test procedure for undertaking a 'quick' quality/usability screening to be used for procuring LED lights and to test up to 30 LED-based lights to screen products that meet the requirement. The second strategy is intended to meet a longer-term need associated with creating a self-sustaining product quality assurance program that will effectively protect the African consumer, prevent significant market spoiling, adapt with expected technological advancements over the long-term--in other words, give consumers the ability to detect quality products and the information needed to find products that meet their specific needs from among the myriad of lighting products that become available commercially. Workshop discussions and the discussions evolving from the workshop led the Lighting Africa team to opt for an approach similar to that of th

  12. TME Spain | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo New Energy EquipmentSvendborg BrakesO GreenTME Spain

  13. Light pollution in Spain. An european perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alejandro Sanchez de Miguel; Jaime Zamorano

    2008-10-23

    Spain appears in light pollution maps as a country less polluted than their neighbours in the European Union. This seems to be an illusion due to its low population density. The data indicate that Spain is one of the most contaminated countries. To reach these conclusions we compare the Spanish case to those of other European countries.

  14. Spain's marketing sector seeing more changes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-06-01

    This paper reports that Spain's petroleum marketing sector continues to restructure. Partly state owned Repsol SA and Royal Dutch/Shell Group are discussing supplying each other's retail outlets in the UK and Spain. And Portugal's state owned Petroleos de Portugal (Petrogal), seeking to sharply expand retail operations in Spain, complains of government interference with foreign investment in Spanish marketing. Meantime, Conoco Inc. Has agreed with Saras SpA Raffinerie Sarde, Milan, to set up a network of service stations in northern Spain and Portugal at a cost of 100 billion pesetas (%972 million). The two are considering building an oil terminal at the port city of Gijon in Asturias, Spain, and the Exxon Corp., Total, and Shell are interested in participating in the project.

  15. Internet Performance to Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cottrell, L

    2003-10-01

    We report the first results ever for real-time Internet performance to Africa using the PingER methodology. Multiple monitoring hosts were used to enable comparisons with performance from different parts of the world. From these preliminary measurements, we have found that Internet packet losses to some African sites in recent months range from very poor to bad (> 12%), some getting better, others are holding steady or getting worse. This, together with the average monthly Round Trip Times, imply end-to-end maximum TCP throughputs that are order of magnitudes different between countries in the region. Africa is shown to be far from the Internet performance in industrialized nations due to the poor infrastructure in place today. These monitoring efforts can provide valuable information to analyze the relative rates of future improvement and today they help us to quantify the digital divide and can provide quantitative information to policy makers.

  16. Grain Fish Money Financing Africa's Green and Blue Revolutions Financing Africa's Green and Blue Revolutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grain Fish Money Financing Africa's Green and Blue Revolutions 1 Financing Africa's Green and Blue Revolutions GRAIN FISH MONEY AFRICA PROGRESS REPORT 2014 #12;AFRICA PROGRESS REPORT 2014 2 #12;Grain Fish Money Financing Africa's Green and Blue Revolutions 3 #12;#12;Grain Fish Money Financing Africa's Green

  17. Astrophysics in Southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patricia A. Whitelock

    2007-07-06

    The government of South Africa has identified astronomy as a field in which their country has a strategic advantage and is consequently investing very significantly in astronomical infrastructure. South Africa now operates a 10-m class optical telescope, the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT), and is one of two countries short listed to host the Square Kilometre Array (SKA), an ambitious international project to construct a radio telescope with a sensitivity one hundred times that of any existing telescope. The challenge now is to produce an indigenous community of users for these facilities, particularly from among the black population which was severely disadvantaged under the apartheid regime. In this paper I briefly describe the observing facilities in Southern Africa before going on to discuss the various collaborations that are allowing us to use astronomy as a tool for development, and at the same time to train a new generation of astronomers who will be well grounded in the science and linked to their colleagues internationally.

  18. Using HOMER Software, NREL's Micropower Optimization Model, to Explore the Role of Gen-sets in Small Solar Power Systems; Case Study: Sri Lanka

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Givler, T.; Lilienthal, P.

    2005-05-01

    This paper discusses using HOMER Software, NREL's Micropower Optimization Model, to explore the role of gen-sets in small solar power systems in Sri Lanka.

  19. GROWTH OF SOUTH AFRICAN AFRICA' ~-' ,, I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GROWTH OF SOUTH AFRICAN FISHERIES -SQUTH-: WEST .-' AFRICA' ~-' ,, I I , I :--. .,' UN I .............................................. Regrouping of Interests ······························ Fisheries Development Corporation of South Africa, Ltd and the trawling interests, respectively. The quasi-official Fisheries Develop- ment Corporation of South Africa

  20. Biotechnology Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Midling, Michael B

    2011-01-01

    bioforti?ed crops in South Africa. ” AgBioForum, 10(3), 184–blog/ 2010/jun/21/agriculture-africa. [6] Borlaug, Norman. “Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa Michael Baihua Midling [11

  1. Assessment of the SRI Gasification Process for Syngas Generation with HTGR Integration -- White Paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A.M. Gandrik

    2012-04-01

    This white paper is intended to compare the technical and economic feasibility of syngas generation using the SRI gasification process coupled to several high-temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTGRs) with more traditional HTGR-integrated syngas generation techniques, including: (1) Gasification with high-temperature steam electrolysis (HTSE); (2) Steam methane reforming (SMR); and (3) Gasification with SMR with and without CO2 sequestration.

  2. Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: Interactive...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: Interactive MAP in PDF, all Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa Infrastructure Country...

  3. Absence of correlation between Sry polymorphisms and XY sex reversal caused by the M.m. domesticus Y chromosome

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlisle, C.; Nagamine, C.M. [Vanderbilt Univ., School of Medicine, Nashville, TN (United States)] [Vanderbilt Univ., School of Medicine, Nashville, TN (United States); Winkinig, H.; Weichenhan, D. [Medizinische Universitaet Zu Luebeck (Germany)] [Medizinische Universitaet Zu Luebeck (Germany)

    1996-04-01

    Mus musculus domesticus Y chromosomes (Y{sup DOM} Chrs) vary in their ability to induce testes in the strain C57BL/6J. In severe cases, XY females develop (XY{sup DOM} sex reversal). To identify the molecular basis for the sex reversal, a 2.7-kb region of Sry, the testis-determining gene, was sequenced from Y{sup DOM} Chrs linked to normal testis determination, transient sex reversal, and severe sex reversal. Four mutations were identified. However, no correlation exists between these mutations and severity of XY{sup DOM} sex reversal. RT-PCR identified Sry transcripts in XY{sup DOM} sex-reversed fetal gonads at 11 d.p.c., the age when Sry is hypothesized to function. In addition, no correlation exists between XY{sup DOM} sex reversal and copy numbers of pSx1, a Y-repetitive sequence whose deletion is linked to XY sex reversal. We conclude that SRY protein variants, blockade of Sry transcription, and deletion of pSx1 sequences are not the underlying causes of XY{sup DOM} sex reversal. 63 refs., 6 figs., 6 tabs.

  4. CAPREx Programme Information Cambridge in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CAPREx Programme Information Cambridge in Africa The Cambridge in Africa (CiA) Programme in East Africa- Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda, that supports the training of African doctoral and post-doctoral researchers. It aims to strengthen Africa's own capacity for a sustainable research

  5. Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector Reforms in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Making Africa's Power Sector...

  6. Is The Financial Crisis Playing Against China In Africa?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NOLA NOUCK, Lucien

    2009-01-01

    University. His main area of research is China-Africa andIndia-Africa relations.Playing Against China In Africa? Introduction Since they

  7. Wildlife Sustainability and Human Food Security in Cameroon, Central Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinbaum, Karen Zohar

    2012-01-01

    consumption in rural Africa. Proceedings Of The NationalHouseholds in Gabon, Central Africa. Conservation BiologyHouseholds in Gabon, Central Africa. Conservation Biology

  8. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Evan; World Bank

    2008-01-01

    for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa Conference Proceedingsfrom the Lighting Africa Product Quality Assurance WorkshopSUMMARY Background Lighting Africa is a World Bank Group

  9. The Missing Connection: ICTs and Democracy in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laverty, Alexander Ryan

    2012-01-01

    the countries of Sub-Saharan Africa to use digital tools toof Expression in Africa,” in Communicating Democracy: ThePromoting Democracy in Africa. ” Democratization 7, (2000):

  10. CP 2005 Sitges, Spain, October 3, 2005 Preference Reasoning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossi, Francesca

    CP 2005 Sitges, Spain, October 3, 2005 Preference Reasoning Francesca Rossi University of Padova, Italy CP 2005 Sitges, Spain, October 3, 2005 Joint work with ... Stefano Bistarelli, Univ. Pescara, Australia CP 2005 Sitges, Spain, October 3, 2005 Ultimate goal A formalism to model many kinds

  11. An over view of excess heat production in the D/Pd system at SRI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crouch-Baker, S.; Hauser, A.; Jevtic, N.

    1995-12-01

    Experiments have been undertaken to demonstrate and quantify the rate of heat production of palladium cathodes loaded electrochemically with deuterium. Excess heat has been observed in these experiments at SRI on more than 40 occasions in accurate and stable isothermal mass flow calorimeters. The excess power appears to be correlated with at least three criteria: the degree of deuterium loading (specified as the atomic ratio D/Pd), the Lime for which high loading is maintained, the interfacial current density. The correlation between excess heat production and these three variables will be discussed. In addition, the results of experiments designed to search for further products of the heat producing reaction will he reported.

  12. File:Sri Lanka Wind Resource Map.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New Pages Recent ChangesPower-in-practice-and-theory-teacher.pdf2.pdf Jump4.pdfSlmetstSolarSri

  13. The Electricity Industry In Spain Edward Kahn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    in this figure is industrial electricity prices denominated in currency terms. Currency exchange rates do, Japan and Germany, have the highest industrial electricity rates in this sample. #12;Portugal NewPWP-032 The Electricity Industry In Spain Edward Kahn August 1995 This paper is part of the working

  14. Foreign Fishery Developments United States-Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Spain ranked eighth worldwide in seafood consumption with 35 kg per person. Of this amount, fresh fish species make up about 40 percent of seafood consumption. Hake is the favor ite species, followed by cod to remain self sufficient, the Spanish '80 '81 '82 '83 '84 '85 Year average EC citizen, who consumes 15 kg

  15. Renewable Energy Policy and Developments in Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Junshan

    Renewable Energy Policy and Developments in Spain Wednesday, October 30, 2013 4:00 - 5:30 p in Spanish energy policy. In this talk, Labandeira describes Spanish policies to promote renewable energy Labandeira Professor of Economics, University of Vigo Director, Economics for Energy Labandeira's research

  16. AFRICA HEALTH PLACEMENTS Job Specification Research Officer (intern)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AFRICA HEALTH PLACEMENTS Job Specification ­ Research Officer (intern) Basics Job Title, Johannesburg Brief Description of Africa Health Placements Africa Health Placements (AHP in alignment to planned solutions. #12;AFRICA HEALTH PLACEMENTS Job Specification ­ Research Officer

  17. West Africa & the New European Common Fisheries Policy: Impacts & Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seto, Katherine

    2015-01-01

    West Africa & the New European Common Fisheries Policy:affected fisheries in West Africa, and how recently enactedWorld War II. 6 West Africa’s close proximity to Europe, its

  18. T-TV-T^ sr^i Ris-R-597(EN) A ComputerProgram forReliability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T-TV-T^ sr^i Risø-R-597(EN) SIMON A ComputerProgram forReliability and Statistical Analysis using and Statistical Analysis using Monte Carlo Simulation Program Description and Manual Hans ErikKøngsø and Kmt for calculation of reliability and statistical analy- sis. The program is of the Monte Carlo type

  19. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Evan; World Bank

    2008-01-01

    developing photovoltaic standards in Africa will beAfrica elected to use the technical specifications issued by the Photovoltaic

  20. Central and southern Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGrew, H.J.

    1981-10-01

    Exploration in central and southern Africa continued to expand during 1980. The greatest concentration of activity was in Nigeria. However, there was considerable increase in the level of exploratory work in Cameroon and Congo. Significant new finds have been made in Ivory Coast. Geological and geophysical activity was carried out in 18 of the countries, with those in the western part having the largest share. Seismic work involved 225 party months of operation. Most of this time was spent on land, but marine operations accounted for 73,389 km of new control. Gravity and magnetic data were recorded during the marine surveys, and several large aeromagnetic projects were undertaken to obtain a total of 164,498 line km of data. Exploratory and development drilling accounted for a total of 304 wells and 2,605,044 ft (794,212 m) of hole. The 92 exploratory wells that were drilled resulted in 47 oil and gas discoveries. In development drilling 89% of the 212 wells were successful. At the end of the year, 27 exploratory wells were underway, and 34 development wells were being drilled for a total of 61. Oil production from the countries that this review covers was 918,747,009 bbl in 1980, a drop of about 9% from the previous year. Countries showing a decline in production were Nigeria, Gabon, Cabinda, and Zaire. Increases were recorded in Cameroon, Congo, and Ghana. A new country was added to the list of producers when production from the Belier field in Ivory Coast came on stream. 33 figures, 15 tables.

  1. Women Changing Africa: Barnard's Third Annual Global Symposium Johannesburg, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Women Changing Africa: Barnard's Third Annual Global Symposium Johannesburg, South Africa March Banking Division, Development Bank of Southern Africa It really is a tremendous honor to welcome you all to South Africa and to this very special symposium. We have been incredibly honored to see the guest list

  2. Women Changing Africa: Barnard's Third Annual Global Symposium Johannesburg, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Women Changing Africa: Barnard's Third Annual Global Symposium Johannesburg, South Africa March in South Africa. She, in her key role, saw to it that the World Cup was a smoothly run success and let me of the franchise at Coca Cola, South Africa. She has many times been honoured for her talents in advertising

  3. Welcome to the Third World Network-Africa (TWN-Africa) Blog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welcome to the Third World Network- Africa (TWN-Africa) Blog September 24, 2008 15:25:42 PM Press Release >> UNCTAD 2008 Economic Development in Africa report on Trade LIberalisation Posted report PRESS RELEASE Trade liberalization has not improved Africa's export performance, says 2008 UNCTAD

  4. Biotechnology Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Midling, Michael B

    2011-01-01

    Commercial Application of GMO Crops in Africa: Burkina Faso’Sub- Saharan Africa [ 11]. GMO crops like Bt cotton provideof the key problems of the GMO movement is the privatization

  5. COOPENER Development and Energy in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DEA COOPENER Development and Energy in Africa Contract no. EIE/04/201/s07.43094 DEA Development and Energy in Africa Intelligent Energy ­ Europe (IEE) Type of action: COOPENER Key action: VKA11 is part of the COOPENER project "Development and Energy in Africa (DEA)" initiated on 1 May 2005

  6. Africa House PATRICK BROWN, Faculty Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    Africa House PATRICK BROWN, Faculty Director LOKANGAKA LOSAMBE, Faculty Director PIERRETTE LUMUMBA of African cultures' role in the world. Africa House will be a valuable program in helping students develop component, Africa House offers students shared experiences as well as opportunities for participation

  7. SCIENCE RESEARCH POLICY IN SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    SCIENCE RESEARCH POLICY IN SOUTH AFRICA George F R Ellis A DISCUSSION DOCUMENT for the Royal Society of South Africa February 14, 2001 #12;i Preface This science policy discussion document has been written by Prof G F R Ellis (University of Cape Town) on behalf of the Royal Society of South Africa

  8. THE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    THE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AFRICA by Mike Hulme Declan Conway P. Mick Kelly S. Subak Tom E. Downing CSERGE Working Paper GEC 95-12 #12;THE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AFRICA by Mike Hulme Declan Affairs, and Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources, for the "Climate and Africa" project

  9. SOUTH AFRICA VCU SUMMER STUDY ABROAD | 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gough, Christopher M.

    SOUTH AFRICA VCU SUMMER STUDY ABROAD | 2015 The Global Education Office, the African American Africa. The program begins in the town of Pietermaritzburg, the capital of KwaZulu-Natal province into an exciting field of global respon- sibility and emerging democracy in South Africa. To register, visit: go

  10. Simulation of the SRI International test Gun-27 using the PAGOSA code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacoby, J.J.

    1997-06-23

    SRI International conducted a set of impact tests with flat disks hitting water-filled chemical submunitions. One of these tests, called Gun-27, involved a 595 gram disk hitting the side of a submunition at 200 m/s. This test was simulated using the PAGOSA code with a materials model that was a good overall match to the data, and with a sequence of five mesh sizes. It was found that when a mesh was used which had at least five cells across the wall of the submunition, PAGOSA was able to provide reasonably satisfactory agreement with the test results, except for the partial fracture of a welded joint. One feature of the test that was reproduced very well by the simulation that used the finest mesh was the fracture of the diaphragm around its edge. Results are compared for all five simulations so that trends can be seen.

  11. SRI'99

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein1-0845*RV6 Commercial value of4 Hidden1999 → 11th

  12. SRI2007

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) byMultidayAlumni > The2/01/12 Page 1NEWS MEDIA16, 19996, The

  13. NRF Republic of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dintrans, Boris

    led to a new cooperation programme (PICs) dealing with air pollution and climate change in South issues 14 2.2.1 Atmospheric pollution and Climate change in southern Africa 14 2.2.2. Troposphere ozone for characterisation of pollutant transport 30 3.2.2 Modelling activities 33 4- Laboratories and scientists involved

  14. Village agroforestry systems and tree-use practices: A case study in Sri Lanka. Multipurpose tree species network research series

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wickramasinghe, A.

    1992-01-01

    Village agroforestry systems in Sri Lanka have evolved through farmers' efforts to meet their survival needs. The paper examines farmers' land-use systems and their perceptions of the role of trees in the villages of Bambarabedda and Madugalla in central Sri Lanka. The benefits of village agroforestry are diverse food, fuelwood, fodder, timber, and mulch, but food products are of outstanding importance. The ability of Artocarpus heterophyllus (the jackfruit tree) and Cocos nucifera (coconut) to ensure food security during the dry season and provide traditional foods throughout the year, as well as to grow in limited space, make them popular crops in the two study villages. The study recommends that further research precede the formulation of agricultural interventions and that efforts to promote improved tree varieties recognize farmers' practices and expressed needs.

  15. Africa gaining importance in world LPG trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haun, R.R.; Otto, K.W.; Whitley, S.C.

    1997-05-12

    Major LPG projects planned or under way in Africa will increase the importance of that region`s presence in world LPG trade. Supplies will nearly double between 1995 and 2005, at which time they will remain steady for at least 10 years. At the same time that exports are leveling, however, increasing domestic demand for PG is likely to reduce export-market participation by Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, and Libya. The growth of Africa`s participation in world LPG supply is reflected in comparisons for the next 15--20 years. Total world supply of LPG in 1995 was about 165 million metric tons (tonnes), of which Africans share was 7.8 million tonnes. By 2000, world supply will grow to slightly more than 200 million tonnes, with Africa`s share expected to increase to 13.2 million tonnes (6.6%). And by 2005, world LPG supply will reach nearly 230 million tonnes; Africa`s overall supply volumes by that year will be nearly 16.2 million tonnes (7%). World LPG supply for export in 1995 was on order of 44 million tonnes with Africa supply about 4 million tonnes (9%). By 2005, world export volumes of LPG will reach nearly 70 million tonnes; Africa`s share will have grown by nearly 10 million tonnes (14.3%).

  16. Madrid, Spain: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5 <Kentucky:York: Energy Resources Jump to:Spain:

  17. Spain: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfin JumpOpenColorado) JumpSoyminas BiodieselSpain:

  18. Africa: the emphasis is exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-08-15

    Individual country reports on drilling, oil and gas production, and petroleum exploration and reserves are given for Africa. Nigeria was the continent's largest oil producer in 1979, averaging 2.3 million bpd, followed closely by Libya with 2.07 million bpd. Algeria cut production of crude oil in 1979 to a level of 1,194,350 bpd, and increased gas production to 2031 mmcfd. In Egypt, the return of Israeli-occupied oil fields and a surge in productive capacity enabled production averaging 524,000 bpd. Brief country reports are included for Gabon, Angola, Republic of the Congo, Cameroun, Tunisia, Morocco, Zaire, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Niger, Chad, Republic of South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Equatorial Guinea, Seychelles Islands, Mauritania, Republic of Mali, Benin, Kenya, Madagascar, Botswana, Gambia, Mozambique, and Senegal.

  19. Novel Flaviviruses Detected in Different Species of Mosquitoes in Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Figuerola, Jordi

    by arthropods. The genus includes major human path- ogens such as Yellow fever virus (YFV), Dengue virus (DENVNovel Flaviviruses Detected in Different Species of Mosquitoes in Spain Ana Va´zquez,1 Mari the characterization of three novel flaviviruses isolated in Spain. Marisma Mosquito virus, a novel mosquito borne

  20. Bridgman Growth of Large SrI2:Eu2+ Single Crystals: A High-performance Scintillator for Radiation Detection Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boatner, Lynn A; Ramey, Joanne Oxendine; Kolopus, James A; Hawrami, Rastgo; Higgins, William; Van Loef, Edgar; Glodo, J.; Shah, Kanai; Bhattacharya, P.; Tupitsyn, E; Groza, Michael; Burger, Arnold

    2013-01-01

    Single-crystal strontium iodide (SrI2) doped with relatively high levels (e.g., 3 - 6 %) of Eu2+ exhibits characteristics that make this material superior, in a number of respects, to other scintillators that are currently used for radiation detection. Specifically, SrI2:Eu2+ has a light yield that is significantly higher than LaBr3:Ce3+ -a currently employed commercial high-performance scintillator. Additionally, SrI2:Eu2+ is characterized by an energy resolution as high as 2.6% at the 137Cs gamma-ray energy of 662 keV, and there is no radioactive component in SrI2:Eu2+ - unlike LaBr3:Ce3+ that contains 138La. The Ce3+-doped LaBr3 decay time is, however, faster (30 nsec) than the 1.2 sec decay time of SrI2:Eu2+. Due to the relatively low melting point of strontium iodide (~515 oC), crystal growth can be carried out in quartz crucibles by the vertical Bridgman technique. Materials-processing and crystal-growth techniques that are specific to the Bridgman growth of europium-doped strontium iodide scintillators are described here. These techniques include the use of a porous quartz frit to physically filter the molten salt from a quartz antechamber into the Bridgman growth crucible and the use of a bent or bulb grain selector design to suppress multiple grain growth. Single crystals of SrI2:Eu2+ scintillators with good optical quality and scintillation characteristics have been grown in sizes up to 5.0 cm in diameter by applying these techniques. Other aspects of the SrI2:Eu2+ crystal-growth methods and of the still unresolved crystal-growth issues are described here.

  1. Voices of Africa Magazine The Voices of Africa Magazine proclaims that it has been founded and is dedicated to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Jaswinder Pal

    Voices of Africa Magazine PREAMBLE The Voices of Africa Magazine proclaims that it has been founded concerning African Diaspora at and beyond Princeton ARTICLE I Voices of Africa Section 1. The name of this student organization shall be the VOICES OF AFRICA Section 2. The words "VOICES OF AFRICA" shall

  2. Spain offers a total of 900 Millions Spain proposes to double her contribution to host ITER, the experimental fusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spain offers a total of 900 Millions Spain proposes to double her contribution to host ITER agreed in order to host this international nuclear fusion project. With this offer the government offers from Japan and Canada. ITER is a project designed to develop the technologies to be used

  3. Biotechnology Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Midling, Michael B

    2011-01-01

    Nigeria lacks Berkeley Undergraduate Journal: Volume 24, Issue 3 Biotechnology Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa Michael Baihua Midling regular energy,

  4. S. AFRICA USES FIRE CRACKERS TO SCARE OFF SEALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AFRICA S. AFRICA USES FIRE CRACKERS TO SCARE OFF SEALS The South African purse -seine fisheries of ammunition per month tofishermen. Because of the great potential harm to the seal, South Africa's Division

  5. SPRING 2012 STUDY ABROAD in CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    SPRING 2012 STUDY ABROAD in CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA Want to find out studying the multiple concerns facing South Africa as it strives to become one. Take three academically engaging courses: The History & Politics of South Africa

  6. Inventing Hoodia: Vulnerabilities and Epistemic Citizenship in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foster, Laura A.

    2011-01-01

    feminisms in the context of Southern Africa. Her researchupon her work in Southern Africa over the past decade as ain Botswana and South Africa on issues of domestic violence

  7. Cartography of Power: The Politics of Cartography, Geography and Discovery in Hapsburg Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lourence, Joshua

    2015-01-01

    Politics of Cartography, Geography and Discovery in Hapsburgnavigation and American geography. For its own part, Spain

  8. The metrics and correlates of physician migration from Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arah, OA

    2007-01-01

    South Africa Kenya Ghana Liberia Gambia Ghana EthiopiaEgypt South Africa Ghana Liberia Cape Verde Algeria MoroccoGuinea-Bissau Angola Liberia Equatorial Guinea Mauritius São

  9. Instructional Cinema in Colonial Africa: An Historical Reappraisal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaka, Femi Okiremuete

    1999-01-01

    1937. The Africa and the Cinema, London: The Edinburgh Houseeds) _ ( 1983) British Cinema History, London: WeidenfeldJ. (1966) "Africa and the Cinema," African Statesman, No.2 (

  10. United States and South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation in Nuclear Energy Research and Development United States and South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation in Nuclear Energy Research and...

  11. South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and...

  12. Before House Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    House Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations, Committee on Foreign Affairs Before House Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health,...

  13. Raw Encounters: Chinese Managers, African Workers and the Politics of Casualization in Africa’s Chinese Enclaves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Ching Kwan

    2009-01-01

    WP 2009-14 Raw Encounters: Chinese Managers, African WorkersCasualization in Africa’s Chinese Enclaves by Ching Kwan Leeapproval. Raw Encounters: Chinese Managers, African Workers

  14. The Other Side of Africa, with Children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobbs, Jerry R.

    flat, nothing spectacular. It is culture and history that West Africa has to o#er. Mali, where we spent. It was the center of the great medieval African empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. Its cities --- Timbuktu, Djenn the architecture of the cities and villages. Mali became a French colony in the 1890s, but as in all of West Africa

  15. The Other Side of Africa, with Children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobbs, Jerry R.

    flat, nothing spectacular. It is culture and history that West Africa has to offer. Mali, where we. It was the center of the great medieval African empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. Its cities -- Timbuktu, Djenn the architecture of the cities and villages. Mali became a French colony in the 1890s, but as in all of West Africa

  16. International Conference: Humanitarian Logistics: Networks for Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    International Conference: Humanitarian Logistics: Networks for Africa http Agnes Nyaguthie, Oxfam-GB, Pretoria, South Africa The Important Role of Humanitarian Logistics 10 in Humanitarian Logistics: A Southern African Perspective 12:20-12:40 PM Discussion #12;1:00-2:30 PM Lunch 2

  17. Integrating diverse methods to understand climateland interactions in East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Integrating diverse methods to understand climate­land interactions in East Africa Jennifer M-disciplinary scientists examining climate­land dynamics at multiple scales in East Africa. East Africa is a region Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Climate change; Land use; Africa; Modeling; Biocomplexity; Human

  18. Agreements --Africa 27 28 Atlas of International Freshwater Agreements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    Agreements -- Africa 27 AFRICA #12;28 Atlas of International Freshwater Agreements Congo of the Niger; and 6) rules for future occupation of the coast of the African continent #12;Agreements -- Africa Great Britain and France #12;Agreements -- Africa 31 Gash Total area: 40,000 km2 Area of Basin

  19. Comparison of the Evolution of Energy Intensity in Spain and in the EU15. Why is Spain Different?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ocaña, Carlos

    Energy intensity in Spain has increased since 1990, while the opposite has happened in the EU15. Decomposition analysis of primary energy intensity ratios has been used to identify which are the key sectors driving the ...

  20. Published on Africa EU (http://www.africa-eu-partnership.org) Home > News > Cameroon axes illegal logging > Printer-friendly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Published on Africa EU (http://www.africa-eu-partnership.org) Home > News > Cameroon axes illegal on the EU side. 9/13/2010 Cameroon axes illegal logging www.africa-eu-partnership.org/print/122 1/2 #12;The goes a long way in supporting the Africa-EU Partnership on Trade, Regional Integration

  1. Safety management of nuclear waste in Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Echavarri, L.E. (Consejo de Seguridad Nuclear, Madrid (Spain))

    1991-01-01

    For the past two decades, Spain has been consolidating a nuclear program that in the last 3 years has provided between 35 and 40% of the electricity consumed in that country. This program includes nine operating reactor units, eight of them based on US technology and one from Germany, a total of 7,356 MW(electric). There is also a 480-MW(electric) French gas-cooled reactor whose operation recently ceased and which will be decommissioned in the coming years. Spanish industry has participated significantly in this program, and material produced locally has reached 85% of the total. Once the construction program has been completed and operation is proceeding normally, the capacity factor will be {approximately} 80%. It will be very important to complete the nuclear program with the establishment of conditions for safe management and disposal of the nuclear waste generated during the years in which these reactors are in operation and for subsequent decommissioning. To establish the guidelines for the disposal of nuclear waste, the Spanish government approved in october 1987, with a revision in January 1989, the General Plan of Radioactive Wastes proposed by the Ministry of Industry and Energy and prepared by the national company for radioactive waste management, ENRESA.

  2. Sanctions Against South Africa: Strategy for the Anti-Apartheid Movement of the 1980's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danaher, Kevin

    1981-01-01

    South Africa and Sanctions: Genesis and Prospects,SANCTIONS AGAINST SOUTH AFRICA: STRATEGY FOR THE ANTI-attempts to impose sanctions against the South Africa

  3. An Overview of Accountability Mechanisms in Public - Private Partnerships in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fombad, Madeleine

    2013-01-01

    March 1, 2013). South Africa, Republic of. National TreasuryGovernment Printer. South Africa, Republic of. Nationalpdf South Africa, Republic of. 2000a. Municipal Systems Act

  4. Performing Africa: Memory, Tradition, and Resistance in the Leimert Park Drum Circle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington, Giavanni ReShae

    2013-01-01

    Welsh-Asante. Trenton: Africa World Press. Hill, Constanceroots/American Cultures: Africa in the Creation of theInquiry. Trenton, N.J. : Africa World Press. Wondrich,

  5. Refrigerator Efficiency in Ghana: Tailoring an appliance market transformation program design for Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben Hagan, Essel; Van Buskirk, Robert; Ofosu-Ahenkorah, Alfred; McNeil, Michael A.

    2006-01-01

    program design for Africa Essel Ben Hagan, CSIR Institutemany other countries in Africa. Yet by creatively modifyingmarket transformation, Africa energy policy Table of

  6. Creating New Leaders: Youth Involvement in Community Activism in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Amber R

    2011-01-01

    and Nicolas Argenti. Young Africa: Realising the Rights ofand Youth. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2002. Debates ofSocial Imagination in Africa. ” Anthropological Quarterly.

  7. Temporal variations in temperature over Northeastern Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, Robby Douglas

    1994-01-01

    unavailable data from Northeastern Africa from 1900 to 1950, the data are analyzed to determine whether thermal patterns are identifiable in maximum and minimum temperatures over smaller scales in the tropics and sub-tropics. First, the Alexandersson Test...

  8. MSU at Work in Africa: Cultural Documentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are strongly committed to documenting, preserving, and making accessible the continent's cultural heritage' identifying their cultural heritage. Safeguarding and making accessible the artifacts, oral histories cultural tourism, an increasingly important draw for the international tourism trade that is Africa

  9. Proceedings of the International Conference on Information and Automation, December 15-17, 2006, Colombo, Sri Lanka. 1 Sahana: Overview of a Disaster Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daume III, Hal

    , Colombo, Sri Lanka. 1 Sahana: Overview of a Disaster Management System Mifan Careem, Chamindra De Silva. it then describes the anatomy of the Sahana system. We follow up with a case study of Sahana deployment and lessons learned. I. INTRODUCTION Recent disasters such as the 2003 SARS outbreak, the 2004 Asian tsunami, the 2005

  10. Batteries and fuel cell research Sri Narayan worked for 20 years at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) where he led the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Anthony F. J.

    Batteries and fuel cell research Sri Narayan worked for 20 years at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) where he led the fuel cell research activities for over 15 years and also headed the development of direct methanol fuel cell power sources for military and commercial applications, developed new

  11. ht.I. EngngSri.1975,Vol.13,pp.815-829.PcrgamonPress. Printedin GrealBritain THE PENNY-SHAPED CRACK IN SHEAR AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barber, James R.

    ht.I. EngngSri.1975,Vol.13,pp.815-829.PcrgamonPress. Printedin GrealBritain THE PENNY-SHAPED CRACK. The solution is used to solve the problem of the penny-shaped crack subjected to an arbitrary and to the penny-shaped crack inuniformshearandintorsionabouta diametralaxis. 1. INTRODUCTION IN A PREVIOUS paper

  12. Virtual Global Magnetic ObservatoryVirtual Global Magnetic Observatory Network in Africa:Network in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michigan, University of

    Virtual Global Magnetic ObservatoryVirtual Global Magnetic Observatory Network in Africa:Network in Africa: Capacity Building for ElectronicCapacity Building for Electronic Geophysical YearGeophysical Year · VGMO.NET is a middleware architecture that provides a new way for the worldwide geomagnetic community

  13. Polar marine biology science in Portugal and Spain: Recent advances and future perspectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borges, Rita

    Oceanografía (IEO), Av. Príncipe de Asturias 70 bis, 33212 Gijón, Asturias, Spain o CESAM, University of Aveiro

  14. Ecology in Africa: a view from the past for informing the future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martins, Dino J.

    2013-01-01

    ISSN 1948?6596  Ecology in Africa: a view from the past for http://www.springer.com/  “Africa’s  natural  habitats  are the  ecology  of  Africa…”.   These opening sentences from 

  15. Post-apartheid transformations and population change around Dwesa-Cwebe nature reserve, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fay, Derick A

    2011-01-01

    in south and southern Africa: Dynamics and determinants (Natal. Development Southern Africa 15(4): 635–659. Fay, D.and resettlement in South Africa’s Transkei. Ph.D. thesis.

  16. Primitive Primate i, Neanderthal. :'-1an A. Gorilla, Africa / .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .£. Primitive Primate i, Neanderthal. :'-1an A. Gorilla, Africa / .:: Prototypal Anthropoid 8. Cro·l\\1agnon Man ' od! Primitive Anthropoid 9. Australian Blackfellow B. Chimpanzee, Africa Z /- ..J

  17. South Africa-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Peru, Philippines, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, South Africa and Ukraine." References "UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services" Retrieved from "http:...

  18. Snakefly diversity in Early Cretaceous amber from Spain (Neuropterida, Raphidioptera)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perez de la Fuente, Ricardo; Penalver, Enrique; Delclos, Xavier; Engel, Michael S.

    2012-06-26

    ,§, Michael S. Engel3,| 1 Departament d’Estratigrafia, Paleontologia i Geociències Marines, Facultat de Geologia, Universitat de Bar- celona, Martí i Franqués s/n, 08071 Barcelona, Spain 2 Museo Geominero, Instituto Geológico y Minero de España, Ríos Rosas 23...

  19. Characteristics of the Web of Spain Ricardo Baeza-Yates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    López, Vicente

    are represented on the Web, and at the same time that the overall quality of pages and Web sites is very variable the results of an in-depth study over a large collection of Web pages. On September and October 2004 we downloaded more than 16 million Web pages from about 300,000 Web sites from the Web of Spain. We show

  20. Mathematical models and the fight against diseases in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Getz, Wayne M.

    Mathematical models and the fight against diseases in Africa Wayne M.Getz a* ,Eleanor Gouws b theories. While South Africa has many talented scientists trained in quantitative methods, relatively few infrastructural investment is needed to address the health crises in Africa. Prior to the advent of HIV

  1. Diseases of plantation forestry trees in eastern and southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diseases of plantation forestry trees in eastern and southern Africa J. Roux a*, G. Meke b , B a Introduction Plantations of non-native trees have been grown in Africa for more than 100 years.1,2 The most especially for construction timber and fuel, while in southern Africa this timber also sustains a thriving

  2. Indirect STV Election: A Voting System for South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisner, Jason

    Indirect STV Election: A Voting System for South Africa Jason Eisner University of Cape Town of which would not be appropriate for South Africa. The fourth is a promising new system called Indirect Party in South Africa has consistently engaged in this sort of strategic, anti-democratic redistricting

  3. UNU-IAS Policy Report Biofuels in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNU-IAS Policy Report Biofuels in Africa Impacts on Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity and Human Well-being #12;#12;UNU-IAS Policy Report Biofuels in Africa Impacts on Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity and Human Research (CSIR) South Africa The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do

  4. An early date for cattle from Namaqualand, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An early date for cattle from Namaqualand, South Africa: implications for the origins of herding in southern Africa Jayson Orton1 , Peter Mitchell2 , Richard Klein3 , Teresa Steele4 & K. Ann Horsburgh5 When did cattle come to South Africa? Radiocarbon dates on a newly found cow horn indicates a time

  5. Ancient west Eurasian ancestry in southern and eastern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich, David

    Ancient west Eurasian ancestry in southern and eastern Africa Joseph K. Pickrella,1,2 , Nick, 2014 (received for review July 30, 2013) The history of southern Africa involved interactions between eastern Africa. In particular, we also find evidence for two admixture events in the history of Kenyan

  6. Ecological consequences of early Late Pleistocene megadroughts in tropical Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiners, Peter W.

    Ecological consequences of early Late Pleistocene megadroughts in tropical Africa Andrew S. Cohen conditions in tropical Africa occurred in several discrete episodes between 135 and 90 ka, as demonstrated]. This resulted in extraordinarily low lake levels, even in Africa's deepest lakes. On the basis of well dated

  7. AfricaAdapt | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewablesAfricaAfricaAdapt Jump

  8. Complementary Pu Resuspension Study at Palomares, Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shinn, J

    2002-10-01

    Soil in an area near Palomares, Spain, was contaminated with plutonium as a result of a mid-air collision of U.S. military aircraft in January 1966. The assessment for potential inhalation dose can be found in Iranzo et al., (1987). Long-term monitoring has been used to evaluate remedial actions (Iranzo et al., 1988) and there are many supporting studies of the Pu contamination at Palomares that have been carried out by the Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas (CIEMAT) in Madrid. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the resuspension of Pu from the soil in terms of Pu-concentrations in air and resuspension rates in a complementary investigation to those of CIEMAT but in an intensive short-term field effort. This study complements the resuspension studies of CIEMAT at Palomares with additional information, and with confirmation of their previous studies. Observed mass loadings (M) were an average of 70 mg/m{sup 3} with peaks in the daytime of 130 mg/m{sup 3} and low values at night below 30 {micro}g/m{sup 3}. The Pu-activity of aerosols (A) downwind of plot 2-1 was 0.12 Bq/g and the enhancement factor (E{sub f}) had a value of 0.3, which is low but similar to a typical value of 0.7 for other undisturbed sites. This E{sub f} value may increase further away from ground zero. The particle size distribution of the Pu in air measured by cascade impactors was approximately lognormal with a median aerodynamic diameter of 3.7 {micro}m and a geometric standard deviation of 3.5 in the respirable range. This peak midway between 1 ? m and 10 {micro}m in the respirable range is commonly observed. Daily fluctuations in the Pu concentration in air (C) detected by the UHV were lognormally distributed with a geometric standard deviation of 4.9 indicating that the 98th percentile would be 24 times as high as the median. Downwind of plot 2-1 the mean Pu concentration in air, C, was 8.5 {micro}Bq/m{sup 3}. The resuspension factor (Sf) was 2.4 x 10{sup -10} m{sup -1} and agrees very well with the values between 10{sup -10} m{sup -1} and 10{sup -9} m{sup -1} previously reported. We observed a mean Pu/Am ratio of 7.1 with a relative variation of 30%, which compares well with a mean value of 6.5 for nearby plot 2-2. The resuspension rate (R) was in the middle of the range, 10{sup -11} s{sup -1} to 10{sup -12} s{sup -1} as observed in other stable sites, and indicates low potential for Pu redistribution.

  9. Energy, Industry, and Transport in South-Central Africa’s History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mavhunga, Clapperton Chakanets

    2014-01-01

    Energy must be seen in interaction with transportation and industry in order for its role in South-Central Africa to be fully understood. All three—energy, industry, and transportation—are themselves always socialized and ...

  10. A review of "Conscience on Stage: The Comedia as Casuistry in Early Modern Spain" by Hillaire Kallendorf 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Elizabeth

    2009-01-01

    historians? (20). Hilaire Kallendorf. Conscience on Stage: The Comedia as Casuistry in Early Modern Spain. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2007. x + 299 pp. $65. Review by elizabeth r. wright, university of georgia. Spain?s national theater... miniscule proportion of plays have attracted careful and sustained scholarly scrutiny or are performed regularly in repertories. This book reports on one scholar?s project to widen the lens through which we view Spain?s ?Golden Age? theater...

  11. IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel By Clare Byrne Visitors for the production of fuel crops. http://www.iol.co.za/general/news/newsprint.php?art_id=nw20071106135542969C112694&sf= (1 of 3) [11/11/2008 11:48:04 AM] http://www.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=1&click_id=31&art

  12. Three Essays on Economic Development in Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Musumba, Mark

    2012-10-19

    to economic development in Africa. Climate change is examined in terms of its effects on the Egyptian agricultural sector; transmission of world price to small scale growers is examined in Uganda; and the benefits of insecticide-treated bed nets use...

  13. Reinventing Africa into a Global Supplier of Food Goods: An Analysis of Agri-business Development, Sustainability, Supply Chain Integration and Export in Developing Economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chisholm, Lisa M.

    2011-01-01

    March 30). Transforming Africa’s Role in the Global Food11, 2011, from AGRA Growing Africa's Agriculture: http://e. (1988). Satisfying Africa's Food Needs: Food Production

  14. Moving towards pro-poor systems of land administration: Challenges for land and asset distribution in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deininger, Klaus

    2009-01-01

    and Management in Africa." IIED Issues Paper 120. London:Custom and commonage in Africa: Rethinking the orthodoxies."Land Registration in Africa: The Impact on Agricultural

  15. Ecological compensation and Environmental Impact Assessment in Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Villarroya, Ana, E-mail: avillarroya@alumni.unav.e [Department of Zoology and Ecology, University of Navarra, Pamplona (Navarra) (Spain); Puig, Jordi, E-mail: jpbaguer@unav.e [Department of Zoology and Ecology, University of Navarra, Pamplona (Navarra) (Spain)

    2010-11-15

    To achieve meaningful sustainable development, Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) should avoid the net losses in the environment resource base. But EIA practice does not always avoid the losses caused by the implementation of the projects under EIA regulation. Some environmental impacts are, simply, admitted, even without enforcing any form of compensation. When applied, compensation is sometimes just a monetary payment to offset the environmental loss. This paper looks for evidence on the role that compensation is given at present in EIA practice in Spain, and for some of its conceptual and regulatory roots. Specifically, it explores how compensation is addressed in 1302 records of decision (RODs) on those projects subject to the Spanish EIA regulation published during the years 2006 and 2007, to know how far Spain is from preserving the environmental resource base managed through this particular aspect of EIA practice. As a result, it is concluded that the practice of ecological compensation in EIA in Spain is much lower than it could be expected in a theoretical sustainability context committed to avoid net losses in the environment resource base, mainly due to an EIA practice focused on on-site mitigation that allows these net losses.

  16. Assuming Roles: Gender, Crisis and the Conservation of Spain in the Early Seventeenth Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaston, Ryan

    2010-12-14

    78 Good Fathers, Good Governance 86 Conclusion 98 Chapter 4 Farmers and Families 101 The Question of Depopulation 102 From Court to Countryside 105 A Natural(ized) Addition 128 Making Fathers... during this period. Meanwhile, the population of Spain, especially in its central kingdom of Castile, seemed to be dropping. Whether affected by plague, migration or other possible causes of depopulation, Spain’s rural regions and trades had been...

  17. U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof Energy Fish andSmuggling |Spain toof

  18. Is Spain a Statist Society? A Research Perspective on Organizations, Reflexivity and Collective Action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laraña, Enrique

    2009-01-01

    Move. ” In Emotions and Social Movements, edited by H. Flamagenda. ” In Emotions and Social Movements, edited by H.Madrid. _____________. 1994b. “Social Movements in Spain. ”

  19. Numerical simulation and sensitivity study of a severe hailstorm in northeast Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romero, Romu

    Atmósfera, Instituto de Medio Ambiente, Universidad de León, 24071 León, Spain b Grup de Meteorologia

  20. Ectoparasite ticks and chewing lice of red-legged partridge, Alectoris rufa, in Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clayton, Dale H.

    Recursos Cinege ticos (IREC-CSIC-UCLM), Ronda de Toledo s/n, 13005, Ciudad Real, Spain. E-mail: ccalvete@irec

  1. U.S. and Spain to Develop Solar Decathlon Europe | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Alexander Karsner and Spain's Undersecretary of Housing Fernando Magro Fernndez signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to collaborate...

  2. The Role of the State in Influencing African Labour Outcomes in Spain and Portugal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendoza, Cristóbal

    2000-01-01

    The point to stress here is that African labour outcomes arestress here is that, unlike Spain, the state does not 'push' PALOP Africans into secondary labour

  3. Capacity Building in Meat Exports From Southern Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiriboga, Luis M.; Kilmer, Chris; Fan, Rocky

    2008-01-01

    a permanent agreement. This process has been difficult as South Africa and Namibia disagree with the EU on issues regarding the liberalization of services and investments. As it stands, the new treaty will grant Namibian beef exporters... (1998) investigated land degradation and its negative impact on Namibia’s beef industry. Additionally, Dyck and Nelson (2003) provide an overview of the structure of global meat markets and confirm Africa’s comparative advantage in grazing land...

  4. The Relationship Between Unemployment and Earnings Inequality in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tregenna, Fiona

    1 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UNEMPLOMENT AND EARNINGS INEQUALITY IN SOUTH AFRICA FIONA TREGENNA Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge ABSTRACT Unemployment and earnings inequality have moved closely together in South Africa... in recent years, suggesting that there may not be a trade-off between them as the literature generally suggests. This article explores the relationship between unemployment and earnings inequality in South Africa, specifically investigating the extent...

  5. Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du

    2014-01-01

    Televisions OLEDs Water Heaters Solar water heaters FansTARGET APPLIANCE Solar Water Heater (low and high pressure)content/solar-water-heaters-save- electricity-south-africa

  6. Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Access, Understanding and Application of Climate...

  7. Characterizing wind power resource reliability in southern Africa...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DOE PAGES Search Results Published Article: Characterizing wind power resource reliability in southern Africa Title: Characterizing wind power resource reliability in southern...

  8. Africa - Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Africa - Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy Poverty and Avoid GHG Emissions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Technical Potential of...

  9. Power Africa's Beyond the Grid Increasing Access through Small...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the U.S. Government is formally launching an innovative framework under President Obama's Power Africa initiative to increase energy access for underserved populations across...

  10. "OUT OF AFRICA: GENETICS AND HUMAN MIGRATIONS", Prof. Gyan Bhanot...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7, 2012, 9:30am Science On Saturday MBG Auditorium "OUT OF AFRICA: GENETICS AND HUMAN MIGRATIONS", Prof. Gyan Bhanot, Department of Molecular Biology, Biochemistry and Physics,...

  11. South Africa-Developing Climate Policy Capacity within the South...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    South Africa-Developing Climate Policy Capacity within the South African Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) (Redirected from GIZ-Developing Climate Policy Capacity within...

  12. Secretary Moniz's Remarks at the Powering Africa Summit in Washington...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    support and loan guarantees, and so these are good projects that we support. Power Africa has also mobilized more than 29 billion in other commitments to support the...

  13. The Development of Conceptions of the Right to Literacy in Traditional Rural Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Day, Kathryn Louise

    2010-01-01

    in post-apartheid South Africa: A panel study of KwaZulu-03/77). Cape Town, South Africa: University of Capetown,of the Republic of South Africa (1996). Retrieved April 13,

  14. The Political Economy of Ways and Means: Procurement Contracts, Entrepreneurship, and Development in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ngo Nyeck, Sybille

    2013-01-01

    E. (1967). The Map of Africa by Treaty. 3 ed. London: FrankCass. __________. (1894). Map of Africa by Treaty. Vol. II,British Policy Towards West Africa Select Documents 1786-

  15. Privatizing Public Health: Social Marketing for HIV Prevention in Tanzania, East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahaffey, Erin Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    J-F. 1993. The State in Africa: The Politics of the Belly.Time, and Aging in West Africa. Chicago: Chicago University2006. Global Shadows: Africa in the Neoliberal World Order.

  16. Breaking news: Biological control agent for Thaumastocoris peregrinus to be released in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa The Tree Protection Co-operative Programme (TPCP) based at FABI has milestone in terms of ensuring sustainable plantation forestry in South Africa was safe to release in South Africa as a biological control agent

  17. The potential impact of male circumcision on HIV in sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    controlled trials in Africa of HIV and AIDS: DescriptiveHIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review andepidemics in sub-Saharan Africa: Introduction. AIDS 15: S1–

  18. Competing Methods for Teaching and Researching Africa: Interdisciplinarity and the Field of African Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Ycaza, Carla

    2015-01-01

    The Re-Invention of Africa: Edward Said, V. Y. Mudimbe, andThe Postcolonial State in Africa, 4-5. 46 Ibid. , 4. 47Legitimacy in Middle Africa: Father, Family, Food (

  19. TESTING VIRGINITY: HIV/AIDS, MODERNITY & ETHNICITY IN POST-APARTHEID SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leak, Tia-Nicole

    2012-01-01

    Among the South?Eastern Bantu”. Africa 11 (1938): 25?41; MaxCustom and Conflict in Africa. Oxford 1963; Eileen J. Krige.Bond, G. et. al. AIDS in Africa and the Caribbean. Boulder:

  20. Population structure of the fungal pathogen Holocryphia eucalypti in Australia and South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Population structure of the fungal pathogen Holocryphia eucalypti in Australia and South Africa, Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa. B Institute, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa. C School of Biological Sciences

  1. The 500 Windows Campaign: A Case Study of a Youth Movement for Educational Resources in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angara, Harini

    2011-01-01

    of the Republic of South Africa, 1996. chap. 2, sec. 29.assessment. Pretoria, South Africa: Department of Education.South%20Africa/South_Africa_E FA_2000.pdf Dugger, C. (2009,

  2. Realizing the Potential ofRealizing the Potential of iLabsiLabs in subin sub--Sahara AfricaSahara Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    del Alamo, Jesús A.

    Realizing the Potential ofRealizing the Potential of iLabsiLabs in subin sub--Sahara AfricaSahara Africa KickKick--Off/Steering Committee MeetingOff/Steering Committee MeetingObafemi Awolowo University -- Overview ofOverview of iLabiLab andand iLabiLab--Africa projects by Prof. del AlamoAfrica projects by Prof

  3. 8th International Symposium on Growth and Nutrition in Children with Chronic Renal Disease: 28–30 May 2009, Oviedo, Asturias, Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santos, Fernando; Kaskel, Frederick J.; Mak, Robert H.; Caldas, Alberto

    2010-01-01

    28–30 May 2009, Oviedo, Asturias, Spain Fernando Santos &Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, University ofOviedo, Oviedo, Asturias, Spain F. J. Kaskel Montefiore

  4. HiperDNO (Smart Grid Project) (Spain) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy Resources JumpNew Jersey: Energy Resources Jump to:Hilltop,HinsdaleSpain)

  5. EUDEEP (Smart Grid Project) (Spain) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, AlabamaETEC GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: ETEC GmbH Place:Germany)Italy)Spain)

  6. Spain Installed Wind Capacity Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEurope GmbHSoloPage Edit with form HistorySpain Installed Wind

  7. Fire Effects and Fuel Management in Mediterranean Ecosystems in Spain1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fire Effects and Fuel Management in Mediterranean Ecosystems in Spain1 Ricardo Vélez2 1 Presented, California. 2 Doctor Ingeniero de Montes, ICONA - Forest Fire Section, Madrid Spain. Abstract: Forest fuels of woody shrub vegetation. The Forest Service prepared in 1978 a fuel management plan and a program

  8. Africa - CCS capacity building | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewablesAfrica - CCS capacity

  9. Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewablesAfrica

  10. A new subspecies of Salamandra salamandra from Spain Rheinbach, 20 February 2006 ISSN 0036-337513-20142SALAMANDRA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinfartz, Sebastian

    the Tendi valley, Asturias, Spain GUNTHER KÖHLER &SEBASTIAN STEINFARTZ Abstract. The fire salamander of the Rio Tendi valley (Asturias, Spain) which have been so far considered as Salamandra salamandra distribution of this subspecies is restricted to the Tendi and the Marea valleys in Asturias, Spain. Key words

  11. A Statistical Adjustment of Regional Climate Model Outputs to Local Scales: Application to Platja de Palma, Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romero, Romu

    de Palma, Spain A. AMENGUAL Grup de Meteorologia, Departament de Fi´sica, Universitat de les Illes Mallorca, Spain V. HOMAR AND R. ROMERO Grup de Meteorologia, Departament de Fi´sica, Universitat de les Illes Balears, Palma de Mallorca, Spain S. ALONSO Grup de Meteorologia, Departament de Fi

  12. Azania XLII 2007 East Africa, the Comoros Islands and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Azania XLII 2007 East Africa, the Comoros Islands and Madagascar before the sixteenth century interior and on outlying islands (Comoros, Madagascar) or were composed of lower classes in urban expansion and private enterprise. #12;16 East Africa, the Comoros Islands and Madagascar before

  13. Economic and Social Significance of Forests For Africa's Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economic and Social Significance of Forests For Africa's Sustainable Development Volume 25, Issue 2, Issue 2 Economic and social significance of forests for Africa's sustainable development Editor: Foday Resources specialist Rome, Italy Jeffrey Sayer Ecologist/expert in political and economic context of natural

  14. Energy and Development: Activities in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COOPENER programme #12;Development and Energy in Africa (DEA) · Most energy projects monitor and evaluate reductionHealth Solar Water Heater Women Renewable EnergyProject RemarksSubstantiation Case Study findingsEnergy and Development: Activities in Sub-Saharan Africa Gordon Mackenzie Energy Programme

  15. Global Threat Reduction Initiative Africa and Middle East Project Plan 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jamison, Jeremy D.

    2012-02-01

    GTRI Africa and Middle East Project Plan submitted for school project to American Graduate University.

  16. Using HCI Guidelines to Foster Technological Advancement in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stringfellow, Catherine V.

    Using HCI Guidelines to Foster Technological Advancement in Sub-Saharan Africa Jamie Thomas Guidelines to Foster Technological Advancement in Sub-Saharan Africa Jamie Thomas, Midwestern State-Saharan Africa (excluding the region of Southern Africa). There are countless obstacles in the way

  17. Valente's Lectura de Paul Celan: Translation and the Heideggerian Tradition in Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayhew, Jonathan E.

    2004-01-01

    Mayhew, Jonathan. “Valente's Lectura de Paul Celan: Translation and the Heideggerian Tradition in Spain." Diacritics 34.3-4 (fall- winter 2004): 73-89. Publisher’s official version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/dia.2006.0042. Open Access version... in Spain." Diacritics 34.3-4 (fall-winter 2004): 73-89. Text of paper: Valente's Lectura de Paul Celan Translation and the Heideggerian Tradition in Spain Jonathan Mayhew Escribir es como la segregación de las resinas; no es acto, sino lenta...

  18. eGY-Africa: Addressing the Digital Divide for Science in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barton, C.E.; Amory-Mazaudier, C.; Barry, B.; Chukwuma; Cottrell, R.L.; Kalim, U.; Mebrahtu, A.; Petitdidier, M.; Rabiu, B.; Reeves, C.; ,

    2010-06-16

    Adoption of information and communication technologies and access to the Internet is expanding in Africa, but because of the rapid growth elsewhere, a Digital Divide between Africa and the rest of the world exists, and the gap is growing. In many sub-Saharan African countries, education and research sector suffers some of the worst deficiencies in access to the Internet, despite progress in development of NRENs - National Research and Education (cyber) Networks. By contrast, it is widely acknowledged in policy statements from the African Union, the UN, and others that strength in this very sector provides the key to meeting and sustaining Millennium Development Goals. Developed countries with effective cyber-capabilities proclaim the benefits to rich and poor alike arising from the Information Revolution. This is but a dream for many scientists in African institutions. As the world of science becomes increasingly Internet-dependent, so they become increasingly isolated. eGY-Africa is a bottom-up initiative by African scientists and their collaborators to try to reduce this Digital Divide by a campaign of advocacy for better institutional facilities. Four approaches are being taken. The present status of Internet services, problems, and plans are being mapped via a combination of direct measurement of Internet performance (the PingER Project) and a questionnaire-based survey. Information is being gathered on policy statements and initiatives aimed at reducing the Digital Divide, which can be used for arguing the case for better Internet facilities. Groups of concerned scientists are being formed at the national, regional levels in Africa, building on existing networks as much as possible. Opinion in the international science community is being mobilized. Finally, and perhaps most important of all, eGY-Africa is seeking to engage with the many other programs, initiatives, and bodies that share the goal of reducing the Digital Divide - either as a direct policy objective, or indirectly as a means to an end, such as the development of an indigenous capability in science and technology for national development. The expectation is that informed opinion from the scientific community at the institutional, national, and international levels can be used to influence the decision makers and donors who are in a position to deliver better Internet capabilities.

  19. eGY-Africa: Addressing the Digital Divide for Science in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barton, C. E.

    2010-05-25

    Adoption of information and communication technologies and access to the Internet is expanding in Africa, but because of the rapid growth elsewhere, a Digital Divide between Africa and the rest of the world exists, and the gap is growing. In many sub-Saharan African countries, education and research sector suffer some of the worst deficiencies in access to the Internet, despite progress in development of NRENs National Research and Education (cyber) Networks. By contrast, it is widely acknowledged in policy statements from the African Union, the UN, and others that strength in this very sector provides the key to meeting and sustaining Millennium Development Goals. Developed countries with effective cyber-capabilities proclaim the benefits to rich and poor alike arising from the Information Revolution. This is but a dream for many scientists in African institutions. As the world of science becomes increasingly Internet-dependent, so they become increasingly isolated. eGY-Africa is a bottom-up initiative by African scientists and their collaborators to try to reduce this Digital Divide by a campaign of advocacy for better institutional facilities. Four approaches are being taken. The present status of Internet services, problems, and plans are being mapped via a combination of direct measurement of Internet performance (the PingER Project) and a questionnaire-based survey. Information is being gathered on policy statements and initiatives aimed at reducing the Digital Divide, which can be used for arguing the case for better Internet facilities. Groups of concerned scientists are being formed at the national, regional levels in Africa, building on existing networks as much as possible. Opinion in the international science community is being mobilized. Finally, and perhaps most important of all, eGY-Africa is seeking to engage with the many other programs, initiatives, and bodies that share the goal of reducing the Digital Divide either as a direct policy objective, or indirectly as a means to an end, such as the development of an indigenous capability in science and technology for national development. The expectation is that informed opinion from the scientific community at the institutional, national, and international levels can be used to influence the decision makers and donors who are in a position to deliver better Internet capabilities.

  20. The `Out-of-Africa' hypothesis Peter McCullagh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCullagh, Peter

    The `Out-of-Africa' hypothesis Peter McCullagh Department of Statistics University of Chicago South DJIBOUTI KENYA COMOROS SEYCHELLES MOZA M B IQUE MADAGASC A R ANGOLA ALGERIA SENEGAL GUINEA-BISSAU GUINEA

  1. Shifting suitability for malaria vectors across Africa with warming climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, A. Townsend

    2009-05-10

    Background Climates are changing rapidly, producing warm climate conditions globally not previously observed in modern history. Malaria is of great concern as a cause of human mortality and morbidity, particularly across Africa, thanks in large part...

  2. CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION IN SOUTH AFRICA: A REPORT TO SCHOOLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Challenges to Teaching Citizenship Education. The social and environmental context of the schoolsCITIZENSHIP EDUCATION IN SOUTH AFRICA: A REPORT TO SCHOOLS Daniel Hammett University General Remarks 4 Summary of Findings Is citizenship education important? Competing Views 4 Defining

  3. Ancient west Eurasian ancestry in southern and eastern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pickrell, Joseph K.

    The history of southern Africa involved interactions between indigenous hunter–gatherers and a range of populations that moved into the region. Here we use genome-wide genetic data to show that there are at least two ...

  4. Characterization of maize testing locations in eastern and southern Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maideni, Francis W.

    2006-08-16

    The region of eastern and southern Africa is very diverse in environments and agronomic practices. The region has one of the highest per capita consumption of maize (Zea mays. L), which is predominantly produced by smallholder farmers. Some...

  5. Ecological niche and geographic distribution of human monkeypox in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Rebecca S.; Peterson, A. Townsend; Yorita, Krista L.; Carroll, Darin S.; Damon, Inger K.; Reynolds, Mary G.

    2007-01-31

    Monkeypox virus, a zoonotic member of the genus Orthopoxviridae, can cause a severe, smallpox-like illness in humans. Monkeypox virus is thought to be endemic to forested areas of western and Central Africa. Considerably more is known about human...

  6. MSU at Work in Africa: Land Use, Strategic Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , construction, and finance of which are related to land tenure, use, and planning. Africans need rural economic areas of Africa, excessive extraction of resources, including oil, coal, and natural gas, has resulted

  7. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Evan; World Bank

    2008-01-01

    of technological options for off-grid light provision thatQuality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa Conferencemarkets for high efficiency off-grid lighting technologies

  8. Entrepreneurship in South Africa : improving access to finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Amanda, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01

    For a rapidly developing country, South Africa has relatively very low levels of entrepreneurship. This thesis will investigate the reasons for the anemic number of new ventures and, most specifically, tries to address one ...

  9. Consumer Acceptance of GMO Cowpeas in Sub-Sahara Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    Consumer Acceptance of GMO Cowpeas in Sub-Sahara Africa Saket Kushwaha, A.S. Musa, James Lowenberg Professor at Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN. #12;Consumer Acceptance of GMO Cowpeas in Sub

  10. Connecting with South Africa: Cultural Communication and Understanding 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berg, Astrid

    2012-02-06

    Child psychiatrist and psychoanalyst Astrid Berg states in her introduction that “South Africa is a microcosm.” It is a modern nation, yet many of its inhabitants follow ancient traditions. It is a nation with a colonial ...

  11. Mediterranean clonal selections evaluated for modern hedgerow olive oil production in Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tous, Joan; Romero, Agusti; Hermoso, Juan Francisco; Ninot, Antonia

    2011-01-01

    oil output Cumulative oil production tons/acre 5.68b 5.83bmodern hedgerow olive oil production in Spain Paul M. VossenNinot Traditional olive oil production is limited by its

  12. Mediterranean clonal selections evaluated for modern hedgerow olive oil production in Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tous, Joan; Romero, Agusti; Hermoso, Juan Francisco; Ninot, Antonia

    2011-01-01

    Spain, 2000–2003 (2nd–5th year after planting) Cumulativevolume yield (5th year) (2nd-5th year) Yield efficiency ftSum of first yields (2nd to 5th year) per cubic foot of

  13. The design and construction of interactive architectural environments : the digital mile, Zaragoza, Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chai, Shutsu K. (Shutsu Kindness)

    2006-01-01

    As a part of a master plan for the Digital Mile, a park in Zaragoza, Spain, this thesis will undertake the mechanical design and construction of a responsive and rearrangeable system of walls and doors for increasing the ...

  14. Transmission grid access and pricing in Norway, Spain, and California: A comparative study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gronli, Helle; Gomez San Ramon, Tomas; Marnay, Chris

    1999-01-01

    Energy Researh (SEfAS) Norway Ms. Grønli has been workingPower Research Institute), Norway, since 1995. She holds aGRID ACCESS AND PRICING IN NORWAY, SPAIN AND CALIFORNIA – A

  15. Can using a global perspective help control migration? : Ecuador and Spain's Proyecto Codesarrollo Canñar-Murcia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Velasquez, Christina L.

    2010-01-01

    European Council met in Tampere to move towards coordinatingEU has been playing since Tampere in 1999 is a contrast toIn 2000, as a result of the Tampere agreement, Spain passed

  16. Contribution (Poster) TNT2008 September 01-05, 2008 Oviedo-Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Contribution (Poster) TNT2008 September 01-05, 2008 Oviedo-Spain LIGHT EMITTING DIODES ON SILICON) or quantum well (QW) light-emitting diodes by molecular beam epitaxy to obtain direct band gaps on GaP grown

  17. Income and Wealth Concentration in Spain from a Historical and Fiscal Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvaredo, Facundo; Saez, Emmanuel

    2009-01-01

    Tributario Español. Madrid. Kuznets, Simon (1953). Shares ofInequality, Poverty, and the Kuznets Curve in Spain, 1850–the classical study by Kuznets (1953) and has been used in

  18. The Fashion of Democracy: September 11 and Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ajayi-Soyinka, Omofolabo

    2004-12-01

    KU ScholarWorks | http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu The Fashion of Democracy: September 11 and Africa by Omofolabo Ajayl-Soyinka KU ScholarWorks is a service provided by the KU Libraries’ Office of Scholarly Communication & Copyright.... This is the published version of the article, made available with the permission of the publisher. The original published version can be found at the link below. Ayayi-Soyinka. (2004). The Fashion of Democracy: September 11 and Africa. Signs 29...

  19. Distributional Implications of Halving Poverty in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tregenna, Fiona

    1 DISTRIBUTIONAL IMPLICATIONS OF HALVING POVERTY IN SOUTH AFRICA FIONA TREGENNA† Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge. ABSTRACT The South African government has set as a policy objective the halving of poverty by 2014... poverty under various growth scenarios. Keywords: income distribution, poverty, inequality, South Africa. JEL codes: D30, D31, I32. † August 2008. Contact: fmt21@cam.ac.uk. This research...

  20. Journal of Public Health in Africa 2012; volume 3:e19 [page 80] [Journal of Public Health in Africa 2012; 3:e19

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Journal of Public Health in Africa 2012; volume 3:e19 [page 80] [Journal of Public Health in Africa in Cameroon, Africa Andrew W. Nelson,1,2,4 Leah M. Feazel,1,3,4,5 Charles E. Robertson,2 John R. Spear,1

  1. Inaugural IEEE PES 2005 Conference and Exposition in Africa Durban, South Africa, 11-15 July 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    cases of transmission lines in the 700-800 kV range--in Canada, United States, Brazil, Venezuela, Russia in the U.S., Canada, South Africa, Brazil, Venezuela, Russia, Korea, India and Japan. Also briefly

  2. SRI2007 Conference - Accommodations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein1-0845*RV6 Commercial value of4 Hidden1999 → 11th

  3. SRI2007 Conference - Committee

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein1-0845*RV6 Commercial value of4 Hidden1999 → 11th

  4. SRI2007 Conference - Proceedings

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein1-0845*RV6 Commercial value of4 Hidden1999

  5. SRI2007 Conference - Schedule

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein1-0845*RV6 Commercial value of4 Hidden1999 Home

  6. SRI2007 Conference - Vendors

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein1-0845*RV6 Commercial value of4 Hidden1999

  7. SRI2007 Conference - Workshops

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein1-0845*RV6 Commercial value of4 Hidden1999Workshop 1:

  8. Africa: Unrest and restrictive terms limit abundant potential. [Oil and gas exploration and development in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01

    This paper summarizes the drilling and exploration activity of the oil and gas industries of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, the Congo, Angola, and South Africa. Information is provided on current and predicted trends in well drilling activities (both onshore and offshore), numbers of new wells, footage information, production statistics and what fields accounted for this production, and planned new exploration activities. The paper also describes the current status of government policies and political problems affecting the oil and gas industry.

  9. Inequality, Agricultural Production and Poverty: With Focus on Large-scale / Small-scale Sugarcane Farms in South Africa.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ngepah, Nicholas

    2009-01-01

    Sugarcane Farms in South Africa. Nicholas Ngepah UniversityIndustrial Research, South Africa This paper is posted atDevelopment in Sub-Saharan Africa," sponsored jointly by the

  10. Current status of the radioactive waste management programme in Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lang-Lenton Leon, Jorge; Garcia Neri, Emilio [ENRESA, Emilio Vargas No. 7. E-28043 Madrid (Spain)

    2007-07-01

    Since 1984, ENRESA is responsible of the radioactive waste management and the decommissioning of nuclear installations in Spain. The major recent challenge has been the approval of the Sixth General Radioactive Waste Plan (GRWP) as 'master plan' of the activities to be performed by ENRESA. Regarding the LILW programme, the El Cabril LILW disposal facility will be described highlighting the most relevant events especially focused on optimizing the existing capacity and the start-up of a purpose -built disposal area for VLLW. Concerning the HLW programme, two aspects may be distinguished in the direct management of spent fuel: temporary storage and long-term management. In this regards, a major challenge has been the decision adopted by the Spanish Government to set up a Inter-ministerial Committee for the establishment of the criteria that must be met by the site of the Centralized Intermediate Storage (CTS) facility as the first and necessary step for the process. Also the developments of the long-term management programme will be presented in the frame of the ENRESA's R and D programme. Finally, in the field of decommissioning they will be presented the PIMIC project at the CIEMAT centre and the activities in course for the decommissioning of Jose Cabrera NPP. (authors)

  11. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 66 (2007) 119126 Lead poisoning in wild birds from southern Spain: A comparative study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, Andy J.

    2007-01-01

    ´ticos, IREC (CSIC-UCLM-JCCM), Ronda de Toledo s/n, 13005 Ciudad Real, Spain b Estacio´n Biolo´gica de Don

  12. FRACKING AND FEDERALISM: A COMPARATIVE APPROACH TO RECONCILING NATIONAL AND SUBNATIONAL INTERESTS IN THE UNITED STATES AND SPAIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Albert

    2014-01-01

    Spain for the existence of shale gas, and noting Cantabria’sto Opposition Against Shale Gas Development Using Hydraulicinto tight oil and shale gas formations, followed by

  13. Sustainable waste management in Africa through CDM projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Couth, R.; Trois, C.

    2012-11-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This is a compendium on GHG reductions via improved waste strategies in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This note provides a strategic framework for Local Authorities in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Assists LAs to select Zero Waste scenarios and achieve sustained GHG reduction. - Abstract: Only few Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects (traditionally focussed on landfill gas combustion) have been registered in Africa if compared to similar developing countries. The waste hierarchy adopted by many African countries clearly shows that waste recycling and composting projects are generally the most sustainable. This paper undertakes a sustainability assessment for practical waste treatment and disposal scenarios for Africa and makes recommendations for consideration. The appraisal in this paper demonstrates that mechanical biological treatment of waste becomes more financially attractive if established through the CDM process. Waste will continue to be dumped in Africa with increasing greenhouse gas emissions produced, unless industrialised countries (Annex 1) fund carbon emission reduction schemes through a replacement to the Kyoto Protocol. Such a replacement should calculate all of the direct and indirect carbon emission savings and seek to promote public-private partnerships through a concerted support of the informal sector.

  14. U.S. and South Africa Hold Bilateral Discussion on Building a...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    will be held in Addis Ababa this June. The Ministerial supports President Obama's Power Africa initiative to double access to power in Sub-Saharan Africa as well as the...

  15. U.S. and South Africa Hold Bilateral Discussion on Building a...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    U.S. and South Africa Hold Bilateral Discussion on Building a More Sustainable Energy Future U.S. and South Africa Hold Bilateral Discussion on Building a More Sustainable Energy...

  16. Review of Paul Darby's Africa, Football, and FIFA: Politics, Colonialism, and Resistance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirmotahari, Emad

    2007-01-01

    of Pa ul Darby's Africa, Football, and FIFA : Politics,reading PauJ Darby's Africa, Football, and FIFA : Poliric~.the development of African football depends on its rigorous

  17. Geographic distribution and ecological niche of plague in sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neerinckx, Simon B.; Peterson, A. Townsend; Gulinck, Hubert; Deckers, Jozef; Leirs, Herwig

    2008-10-23

    the potential geographic distribution of plague and its ecological requirements across Africa. Results: We predict a broad potential distributional area of plague occurrences across sub- Saharan Africa. General tests of model's transferability suggest that our...

  18. Development of infrastructure asset management software solutions for municipalities in South Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von Holdt, Christopher James

    2009-05-15

    This Record of Study presents the development of infrastructure asset management software solutions for municipalities in South Africa. The study was performed within a multidisciplinary engineering consulting company in South Africa...

  19. NORTHWEST AFRICA 176: A UNIQUE IRON METEORITE WITH SILICATE INCLUSIONS RELATED TO BOCAIUVA. Menghua Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Floss, Christine

    NORTHWEST AFRICA 176: A UNIQUE IRON METEORITE WITH SILICATE INCLUSIONS RELATED TO BOCAIUVA. Menghua Africa 176 iron me- teorite with silicate inclusions was found at the border of Morocco and Algeria

  20. DETERMINATION, CONTROL AND IMPROVEMENT OF AN SKA RADIO ENVIRONMENT IN SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellingson, Steven W.

    DETERMINATION, CONTROL AND IMPROVEMENT OF AN SKA RADIO ENVIRONMENT IN SOUTH AFRICA By Neël Smuts1 ABSTRACT South Africa, in its bid to host the SKA2 , has adopted a dual approach to determine, assess

  1. A modal perspective of preferential entailment K. Britz, School of Computing, Univ. of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Labuschagne, Willem

    A modal perspective of preferential entailment K. Britz, School of Computing, Univ. of South Africa J. Heidema, Dept. of Mathematics, Univ. of South Africa W. Labuschagne, Dept. of Computer Science

  2. Promoting Blood Donation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Role of Culture and Interventions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appiah, Bernard

    2013-12-13

    Inadequate blood donation is a major public health problem in Sub-Saharan Africa. This study examines the influence of culture and communication on blood donation in Sub-Saharan Africa, with particular focus on Ghana. The literature...

  3. Draft January 13, (ver 12) Africas technology leap are we part of the development?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Examples are countries like South Africa, Kenya, Nigeria and Angola. A driving factor has been Brazilian, ABB, Head of Public Affairs - Sweden and Northern Europe Region "Sun-energy project Sub Saharan Africa

  4. Sequence stratigraphic development of the Neoarchean Transvaal carbonate platform, Kaapvaal Craton, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sumner, Dawn Y.; Beukes, Nicolas J

    2006-01-01

    Mountains, N Spain). Sedimentology, 51, 267-295. Poujol,western Australia. Sedimentology, 50, 1283-1302. Stowe,Siegfried, H.P. (1997). Sedimentology and facies development

  5. Africa n visitatori Asia n visitatori America Latina n visitatori Algeria 109 India 348 Brasile 131

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brasile 131 Nigeria 86 Iran 150 Argentina 78 Egitto 66 Cina 137 Colombia 71 Sud Africa 63 Pakistan 85

  6. South temperate birds have higher apparent adult survival than tropical birds in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Thomas E.

    493 South temperate birds have higher apparent adult survival than tropical birds in Africa PennPatrick Inst., DST/NRF Centre of Excellence, Univ. of Cape Town, P/Bag X3, Rondebosch, 7701, South Africa African National Biodiversity Inst., P/Bag X7, Claremont 7735, South Africa, and School of Statistics

  7. Thermal, hydrous, and mechanical states of the mantle transition zone beneath southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Yang

    Thermal, hydrous, and mechanical states of the mantle transition zone beneath southern Africa John cratons in southern Africa; consequently, the mantle transition zone is 20 km thicker than beneath post: lithosphere; upper mantle; transition zone; cratoni convection; Southern Africa 1. Introduction The upper

  8. Evidence for a new introduction of the pitch canker fungus Fusarium circinatum in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evidence for a new introduction of the pitch canker fungus Fusarium circinatum in South Africa E. T (FABI), University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002 South Africa Fusarium circinatum causes pitch canker of Pinus species in many parts of the world. The fungus was first recorded in South Africa in 1990

  9. Satellite observations of the seasonal cycles of absorbing aerosols in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graaf, Martin de

    Satellite observations of the seasonal cycles of absorbing aerosols in Africa related to monsoon of aerosol emissions from the wet surface. 1. Introduction The main aerosol types occurring over Africa Africa can be characterized using Absorbing Aerosol Index (AAI) data from Global Ozone Monitoring

  10. Updated 01/2013 http://ilint.illinois.edu/ 1 Professional Travel in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Deming

    Updated 01/2013 http://ilint.illinois.edu/ 1 Professional Travel in South Africa The Rainbow Nation South Africa is one of the most multicultural countries in the world. In urban areas many different ethnic groups make up the population. In addition to the indigenous black peoples of South Africa

  11. First report of bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearumon eucalypts in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    First report of bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearumon eucalypts in South Africa BY T. A of Pretoria, 0002 Pretoria, South Africa. E-mail: Teresa. Coutinho@FABI.up.ac.za; 3 Department of Microbiology and Biochemistry, University of the Orange Free State, PO Box 339, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa; 4 Agricultural

  12. IST-Africa 2006 Conference Proceedings Paul Cunningham and Miriam Cunningham (Eds)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    IST-Africa 2006 Conference Proceedings Paul Cunningham and Miriam Cunningham (Eds) IIMC, 7701, South Africa Tel: +27 21 650 3661, Fax: + 27 21 689 9465, Email: edwin@cs.uct.ac.za 2 Dept Computer Science, University of the Western Cape, Bellville, 7535, South Africa Tel: +27 21 959 2516, Fax

  13. outh Africa is a society in transition. The building of a broad-based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    S outh Africa is a society in transition. The building of a broad-based research culture is central that existed in South Africa before 1994 -- the year of the first post-apartheid democratic elections -- show Africa, and the establishment of the National System of Innovation (NSI) has been an important step

  14. New species of Anthostomella on fynbos, with a key to the genus in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New species of Anthostomella on fynbos, with a key to the genus in South Africa Seonju LEE, South Africa. E-mail : slee@maties.sun.ac.za Received 3 April 2002; accepted 18 November 2002. A study of saprobic fungi occurring on the fynbos of the Western Cape Province of South Africa yielded four unknown

  15. New Opportunity for Graduate Study Human Well-being and the Environment in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallino, Joseph J.

    New Opportunity for Graduate Study Human Well-being and the Environment in Africa The Environmental science Partnership for International Research and Education (PIRE) project in Africa. The project research in Africa in the fields of remote sensing, ecology, sociology or economics and who desire training

  16. History and the Technopolitics of Identity: The Case of Apartheid South Africa*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Paul N.

    History and the Technopolitics of Identity: The Case of Apartheid South Africa* Paul N. Edwards and computers in apartheid South Africa, considering these systems ­ and apartheid more generally ­ as forms-apartheid activists, who fought to limit South Africa's access to these systems. We argue that nuclear systems enacted

  17. TCP-Africa: An Adaptive and Fair Rapid Increase Rule for Scalable TCP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riedi, Rudolf H.

    1 TCP-Africa: An Adaptive and Fair Rapid Increase Rule for Scalable TCP Ryan King, Richard Baraniuk propose a new delay sensitive- congestion avoidance mode (TCP-Africa) that allows for scalable, aggressive, efficiency, and fairness of TCP-Africa. Index Terms-- Scalable TCP, high-bandwidth-delay products, TCP

  18. Medieval/Africa The Trans-Saharan World, 500-1700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    Medieval/Africa The Trans-Saharan World, 500-1700 A symposium exploring the complex institutional, cultural, and religious relation- ships tying the societies of sub-Saharan Africa to one another for Humanities in Africa Reception to follow in the Braun Room of Andover Hall Friday, 6 February CGIS S010 (the

  19. New and rare coelomycetes with appendage-bearing conidia from Pondoland, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MYCOTAXON New and rare coelomycetes with appendage-bearing conidia from Pondoland, South AfricaPretoria, Pretoria 0001, Republic of South Africa January-March2010Volume 111, pp. 309-322 Abstract - During a mycologicalexcursion to the Pondoland region of South Africa in 2008, six interesting anamorphic fungi with appendage

  20. Bacterial Blight and Dieback of Eucalyptus Species, Hybrids, and Clones in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bacterial Blight and Dieback of Eucalyptus Species, Hybrids, and Clones in South Africa T. A- technology Institute (FABI), University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa; ,I, I\\lergaert and 1\\1. C University for Christian Higher Education, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa;,. Swings

  1. ForPeerReview Petrology of the Nakhlite (Martian) Meteorite Northwest Africa 998

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treiman, Allan H.

    ForPeerReview Only Petrology of the Nakhlite (Martian) Meteorite Northwest Africa 998 Journal Northwest Africa 998 Allan H. Treiman Lunar and Planetary Institute, 3600 Bay Area Blvd., Houston, TX 77058PeerReview Only ABSTRACT Nakhlite Northwest Africa (NWA) 998 is an augite-rich cumulate igneous rock, with mineral

  2. Susceptibility of provenances and families of Pinus maximinoi and Pinus tecunumanii to frost in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in South Africa R. G. Mitchell · M. J. Wingfield · G. R. Hodge · W. S. Dvorak · T. A. Coutinho Received: 15+Business Media B.V. 2012 Abstract The future of South Africa's most important pine species, Pinus patula subtropical species that provide an alternative to planting P. patula on the warmer sites of South Africa

  3. Africa n visitatori Asia n visitatori America Latina n visitatori Marocco 81 India 367 Argentina 142

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa n° visitatori Asia n° visitatori America Latina n° visitatori Marocco 81 India 367 Venezuela 64 Ruanda 50 Armenia 94 Colombia 49 Senegal 50 Turchia 37 Cuba 46 22 PMA in Africa Algeria America Latina 196 Africa 194 Europa dell'Est 121 5 PMA in Asia più altre 32 nazioni 1

  4. IST-Africa 2007 Conference Proceedings Paul Cunningham and Miriam Cunningham (Eds)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    IST-Africa 2007 Conference Proceedings Paul Cunningham and Miriam Cunningham (Eds) IIMC, University of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa Tel: +27 21 650 3661, Fax: + 27 21 689 Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa Tel: +27 21 650 4606, Fax: + 27 21 650 4104, Email

  5. 830 nature physics | VOL 6 | NOVEMBER 2010 | www.nature.com/naturephysics Material progress in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    progress in Africa Nithaya Chetty, Richard M. Martin and Sandro Scandolo A school on computational to the development of research in Africa. T hroughout the African Union, there is tacit understanding be the source of advancement and cooperation, with the potential to overcome political barriers within Africa

  6. BIOFUEL DEVELOPMENT AND LARGE-SCALE LAND DEALS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 BIOFUEL DEVELOPMENT AND LARGE-SCALE LAND DEALS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA GIORGIA GIOVANNETTI European.giovannetti@unifi.it ELISA TICCI University of Siena, ticci4@unisi.it Abstract Africa's biofuel potential over the last ten specifications. Key words: biofuels, land acquisitions, Poisson regression, Africa. JEL Codes: O13, F21, N57, Q24

  7. Author / Computing, 2000, Vol. 0, Issue 0, 1-2 Digital Storytelling in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    Author / Computing, 2000, Vol. 0, Issue 0, 1-2 1 Digital Storytelling in Africa Gary Marsden1 Science, University of Cape Town, South Africa, gaz@acm.org, http://www.cs.uct.ac.za/ 2) Meraka Institute of the CSIR, Pretoria, South Africa, nic.bidwell@gmail.com, http://www.meraka.org.za/ Abstract: In this paper

  8. IST-Africa 2013 Conference Proceedings Paul Cunningham and Miriam Cunningham (Eds)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    IST-Africa 2013 Conference Proceedings Paul Cunningham and Miriam Cunningham (Eds) IIMC International Information Management Corporation, 2013 ISBN: 978-1-905824-38-0 Copyright © 2013 The authors www.IST-Africa, Private Bag X3 Rondebosch 7701, South Africa Tel: +27 21 650 2663, edwin@cs.uct.ac.za, gaz

  9. Long-term variability and rainfall control of savanna fire regimes in equatorial East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Feng Sheng

    Long-term variability and rainfall control of savanna fire regimes in equatorial East Africa D A V Abstract Fires burning the vast grasslands and savannas of Africa significantly influence the global carbon in equatorial East Africa. The charcoal-inferred shifts in local and regional fire regimes were compared

  10. Decline of Birds in a Human Modified Coastal Dune Forest Landscape in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pretoria, University of

    @zoology.up.ac.za Introduction Coastal dune forest is one of South Africa's rarest vegetation types; restricted to the easternDecline of Birds in a Human Modified Coastal Dune Forest Landscape in South Africa Morgan J modified coastal dune forest landscape in northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. However, occurrence does

  11. Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon/14/2008 12:55:54 PM] #12;Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Volume ('000 m3 import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea Reports (commissioned

  12. Mantle upwellings and convective instabilities revealed by seismic tomography and helium isotope geochemistry beneath eastern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montagner, Jean-Paul

    geochemistry beneath eastern Africa Jean-Paul Montagner,1 Bernard Marty,2 Ele´onore Stutzmann,1 De for North and East Africa using a high resolution three-dimensional anisotropic tomographic model derived from seismic data of a French experiment ``Horn of Africa'' and existing broadband data. The joint

  13. Factors influencing infection of Acacia mearnsii by the wilt pathogen Ceratocystis albifundus in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in South Africa By R. N. Heath1 , M. Van Der Linde2 , H. Groeneveld2 , B. D. Wingfield1 , M. J. Wingfield1 and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI), University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa; 2 Department of Statistics, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa; 3 Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology

  14. Energy resources in southern Africa: a select bibliography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cavan, A.

    1981-01-01

    The aims, progress, and possibilities involved in Southern Africa's energy development are the subject of this 473-item bibliography. The primary items of information described in this document are relatively recent (1975-81), originate from both indigenous and international sources, and are mostly in English, although a few are in French and Portuguese. The presented information focuses on the African continent, the Southern African region, and the nations of Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The energy source topics include alcohol, coal, gas, oil, solar, uranium, water, wind, and wood; as well as a general energy-development category.

  15. Development Impact Assessment (DIA) Case Study. South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cox, Sadie; Nawaz, Kathleen; Sandor, Debra

    2015-05-19

    This case study reviews South Africa’s experience in considering the impacts of climate change action on development goals, focusing on the South African energy sector and development impact assessments (DIAs) that have and could be used to influence energy policy or inform the selection of energy activities. It includes a review of assessments—conducted by government ministries, technical partners, and academic institutes and non-governmental organizations (NGOs)—that consider employment, health, and water implications of possible energy sector actions, as well as multi-criteria impact assessments.

  16. A solar box cooker for mass production in East Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Funk, P.A.; Wilcke, W.F.

    1992-12-31

    A solar box cooker produced in Tanzania, East Africa with indigenous materials is described. When compared to a commercially produced glass and cardboard one, it was found to perform as well. Heat transfer through each major component of the cooker is presented. The smallest losses were through the walls of the box. The greatest losses were observed in the cover system.

  17. Interdisciplinary Minor Programs Africa in the New World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    to the Americas *History 171 The American South since 1865 History 185 Research Seminar in African History Music 5 *Anthropology 50 Freshman Seminar *Anthropology 118 Culture and Power in Africa Anthropology 149 Selected Topics Development *Economics 36 Macroeconomic Analysis for Development *Economics 60 International Economics

  18. Basal Anthropoids from Egypt and the Antiquity of Africa's Higher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Licciardi, Joseph M.

    Basal Anthropoids from Egypt and the Antiquity of Africa's Higher Primate Radiation Erik R remains of the primitive anthropoid Biretia from È37-million- year-old rocks in Egypt. Biretia is unique Egypt (5, 6). Recent paleontological work in Egypt_s Fayum Depression has resulted in the discov- ery

  19. Volunteer computers in homes to fight against Malaria in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    "Africa@home, a project conceived and coordinated by CERN1, was launched publicly this week. It is recruiting volunteer computers in homes and offices to run a computer-intensive simulation program called MalariaControl.net, developed by researchers at the Swiss Tropical Institute (STI)" (1 page)

  20. Pathogenicity of Cryphonectria eucalypti to Eucalyptus clones in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pathogenicity of Cryphonectria eucalypti to Eucalyptus clones in South Africa Marieka Gryzenhouta in revised form 8 April 2002; accepted 16 May 2002 Abstract Eucalyptus spp. are planted in many parts of the forestry industry. The canker pathogen, Cryphonectria eucalypti, is pathogenic to Eucalyptus spp

  1. Evaluation of Mali, West Africa Airborne Measurements to Access the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    Evaluation of Mali, West Africa Airborne Measurements to Access the Potential of Enhancing if cloud seeding in Mali could be beneficial.c ·Identify optimal seeding method for enhancing precipitation in the Mali region based on conceptual models. #12;Measurement Importance · The potential to enhancing

  2. Three Years of Airborne Measurements in Mali, West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    Three Years of Airborne Measurements in Mali, West Africa David Delene Department of Atmospheric of adapting operational programs from other locations to the Mali region. · Advance local scientific knowledge Measurement Objectives · Determine the variability of aerosol and cloud properties in Mali and how

  3. Evaluation of Mali, West Africa Airborne Measurements to Access the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    Evaluation of Mali, West Africa Airborne Measurements to Access the Potential of Enhancing Determine if cloud seeding in Mali could be beneficial.b Help determine what is the optimal seeding method for enhancing precipitation in the Mali region. #12;Measurement Importance The potential to enhancing

  4. MSU at Work in Africa: Safe Water and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MSU at Work in Africa: Safe Water and Environmental Health Issues and Problems Water contamination and lack of infrastructure for water and sewage systems have contributed to the global burden of waterborne to waterborne and water-based diseases, including malaria, diarrheal diseases, river blindness

  5. Africa N. of visitors Asia N. of visitors Latin America N. of visitors Morocco 81 India 367 Argentina 142

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa N. of visitors Asia N. of visitors Latin America N. of visitors Morocco 81 India 367 Argentina 142 South Africa 69 Iran 201 Mexico 126 Nigeria 65 Pakistan 140 Brazil 120 Egypt in LDCs in Africa Algeria 50 Korea Rep. 34 Costa Rica 44 16 from rest of Africa Ghana 37

  6. Hydrological SciencesJournaldes Sciences Hydrologiques, 54(4) August 2009 Special issue: Groundwater and Climate in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    : Groundwater and Climate in Africa 655 Groundwater and climate in Africa--a review RICHARD G. TAYLOR1 , ANTONIS on water resources commonly exclude groundwater. This omission is of particular concern in Africa, where. The Groundwater and Climate in Africa Conference (http://www.gwclim.org/), held in Kampala, Uganda on 24­28 June

  7. Tropical Africa: Land use, biomass, and carbon estimates for 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.; Gaston, G.; Daniels, R.C.

    1996-06-01

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980 and describes a methodology that may be used to extend this data set to 1990 and beyond based on population and land cover data. The biomass data and carbon estimates are for woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with the possible magnitude of historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth`s land surface and includes those countries that for the most part are located in Tropical Africa. Countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea and in southern Africa (i.e., Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Western Sahara) have maximum potential biomass and land cover information but do not have biomass or carbon estimate. The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{sup TM} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass-carbon values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  8. Greenhouse gas emissions in Sub-Saharan Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graham, R.L.; Perlack, R.D.; Prasad, A.M.G.; Ranney, J.W.; Waddle, D.B.

    1990-11-01

    Current and future carbon emissions from land-use change and energy consumption were analyzed for Sub-Saharan Africa. The energy sector analysis was based on UN energy data tapes while the land-use analysis was based on a spatially-explicit land-use model developed specifically for this project. The impacts of different energy and land-use strategies on future carbon emissions were considered. (A review of anthropogenic emissions of methane, nitrous oxides, and chlorofluorocarbons in Sub-Saharan Africa indicated that they were probably minor in both a global and a regional context. The study therefore was focused on emissions of carbon dioxide.) The land-use model predicts carbon emissions from land use change and the amount of carbon stored in vegetation (carbon inventory) on a yearly basis between 1985 and 2001. Emissions and inventory are modeled at 9000 regularly-spaced point locations in Sub-Saharan Africa using location-specific information on vegetation type, soils, climate and deforestation. Vegetation, soils, and climate information were derived from continental-scale maps while relative deforestation rates(% of forest land lost each year) were developed from country-specific forest and deforestation statistics (FAO Tropical Forest Resources Assessment for Africa, 1980). The carbon emissions under different land use strategies in Sub-Saharan Africa were analyzed by modifying deforestation rates and altering the amount of carbon stored under different land uses. The considered strategies were: preservation of existing forests, implementation of agroforestry, and establishment of industrial tree plantations. 82 refs., 16 figs., 25 tabs.

  9. Sir --We read with interest your editorial "Ending the pain in Spain" (Nature 428, 1;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -educated scientists when applying for jobs in Spain. Applicants for government-funded permanent positions must provide either a Spanish doctorate or the Spanish (`homologated') equivalent of a foreign doctorate. The Spanish Ministry of Education passed a law on 20 February to address this issue, but the law does

  10. Forms Of Address In The Popular Press: A Comparison of Spain, Mexico and the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Callahan, Laura

    2000-01-01

    with each form of address. A comparison of forms of address in magazines and newspapers in Spain, Mexico, and the United States reveals certain correlations with speech patterns in those three countries, as well as with the products and services advertised....

  11. Human MutationSPECIAL ARTICLE Planning the Human Variome Project: The Spain Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : The remarkable progress in characterizing the human genome sequence, exemplified by the Human Genome ProjectHuman MutationSPECIAL ARTICLE Planning the Human Variome Project: The Spain Reportà Jim Kaput,1yz-Sook Yoo,93 on behalf of contributors to the Human Variome Project Planning Meeting 1 Division

  12. SPAIN: COTS Data-Center Ethernet for Multipathing over Arbitrary Topologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SPAIN: COTS Data-Center Ethernet for Multipathing over Arbitrary Topologies Jayaram Mudigonda bandwidth over both simulated and experimental data-center net- works. 1 Introduction Data-center operators. They thus desire scalable data-center net- works. Data-center operators also must reduce costs for both

  13. The Early Aptian of Aralar (northern Spain): stratigraphy, sedimentology, ammonite biozonation, and OAE1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    The Early Aptian of Aralar (northern Spain): stratigraphy, sedimentology, ammonite biozonation Stratigraphy Ammonite biozonation TOC Oceanic Anoxic Event 1 a b s t r a c t The stratigraphy, sedimentology. The sedimentology indicates general deposition in a shallow marine environment, corresponding to mixed siliciclastic

  14. Multicomponent reactive transport modeling at the Ratones uranium mine, Cceres (Spain)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    Multicomponent reactive transport modeling at the Ratones uranium mine, Cáceres (Spain) Modelación management. The Ratones uranium mine was abandoned and flooded in 1974. Due to its reducing underground water, uranium, reactive transport, granite hydrochemistry, Ratones mine. Resumen La inundación de minas

  15. PEFC-Certified Fencing for 2010 Pamplona Bull Run JUL 05 2010 | SPAIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PEFC-Certified Fencing for 2010 Pamplona Bull Run JUL 05 2010 | SPAIN This year, the fences marking the route of the Bull Run at the world-renowned San Fermin Festival will be made from PEFC-certified timber used for the fence is locally sourced from sustainably-managed, PEFC-certified forests. The pinewood

  16. California’s Water Footprint: recent trends and framework for a sustainable transition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fulton, Julian

    2015-01-01

    Africa. Barbier, EB. 2004. “Water and Economic Growth. ”Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute. CDF,California Department of Water Resources. 2015. “California

  17. High temperature solar thermal technology: The North Africa Market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-12-01

    High temperature solar thermal (HTST) technology offers an attractive option for both industrialized and non-industrialized countries to generate electricity and industrial process steam. The purpose of this report is to assess the potential market for solar thermal applications in the North African countries of Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia. North Africa was selected because of its outstanding solar resource base and the variety of applications to be found there. Diminishing oil and gas resources, coupled with expanding energy needs, opens a large potential market for the US industry. The US high temperature solar trough industry has little competition globally and could build a large market in these areas. The US is already familiar with certain solar markets in North Africa due to the supplying of substantial quantities of US-manufactured flat plate collectors to this region.

  18. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1987-10-01

    Licensed oil acreage in the 6 North Africa countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia) totaled 1,500,000 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1986, down 290,000 km/sup 2/ from 1985. About 50% of the relinquishments were in Libya. Most oil and gas discoveries were made in Egypt (16 oil and 2 gas). Several oil finds were reported in onshore Libya, and 1 was reported in Algeria in the southeastern Sahara. According to available statistics, development drilling decreased from 1985 levels, except in Tunisia. A 6.3% decline in oil production took place in 1986, falling below the 3 million bbl level (2,912,000 b/d). Only sparse data are released on the gas output in North Africa. 6 figures, 27 tables.

  19. Strategic Soil Management for Rainfed Agriculture in West Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitts, Lauren Kyla R.

    2015-08-12

    and Entisols are the most abundant soils in SSA, particularly in West Africa. These soils tend to have low inherent fertility due to natural properties rather than by virtue of nutrient mining or other anthropogenic degradation of fertility. Such natural... properties could include age of soils, weathering, and parent material. The soils of interest in this study are considered Alfisols by U.S. Taxonomy. Major constraints of Alfisols include low water holding capacity, poor nutrient reserves, low cation...

  20. Radio astronomy in Africa: the case of Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asabere, Bernard Duah; Horellou, Cathy; Winkler, Hartmut; Jarrett, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    South Africa has played a leading role in radio astronomy in Africa with the Hartebeesthoek Radio Astronomy Observatory (HartRAO). It continues to make strides with the current seven-dish MeerKAT precursor array (KAT-7), leading to the 64-dish MeerKAT and the giant Square Kilometer Array (SKA), which will be used for transformational radio astronomy research. Ghana, an African partner to the SKA, has been mentored by South Africa over the past six years and will soon emerge in the field of radio astronomy. The country will soon have a science-quality 32m dish converted from a redundant satellite communication antenna. Initially, it will be fitted with 5 GHz and 6.7 GHz receivers to be followed later by a 1.4 - 1.7 GHz receiver. The telescope is being designed for use as a single dish observatory and for participation in the developing African Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) Network (AVN) and the European VLBI Network. Ghana is earmarked to host a remote station during a possible SKA Phase 2. The loca...

  1. A Hydrometeorological Modeling Study of a Flash-Flood Event over Catalonia, Spain A. AMENGUAL AND R. ROMERO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romero, Romu

    . ROMERO Grup de Meteorologia, Departament de Física, Universitat de les Illes Balears, Palma de Mallorca de Meteorologia, Departament de Física, Universitat de les Illes Balears, Palma de Mallorca, Spain

  2. Heterozoan carbonate lithofacies and sequence stratigraphy: a study of Pliocene strata of the Agua Amarga basin, southeastern Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hess, Anya Victoria

    2011-12-31

    This study of Pliocene heterozoan carbonates in the Agua Amarga basin southeastern Spain seeks to increase understanding of factors controlling facies distribution and sequence stratigraphic stacking in heterozoan carbonates. Geologic mapping...

  3. Women: the key to successful development policies for subsistence agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Kathie Elaine

    1971-01-01

    fulfillment of the requirement for the deSree of IIASTER OF SCIERCE December 1971 Major Subject: Economics NOMEN: THE KEY TO SUCCESSFUL DEVELOPMENT POLICIES FOR SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA A Thesis KATHIE ELAINE RYAN Approved... Africa 10 Western. Afric- Southern Africa 12 Need for Fzpanded Stu. dy Overall Economic Efficiency 13 18 II. THE SITUAT ON IN AGRICULTURE 21 Nature of Subsistence Agriculture Traditional Production Practices 21 23 Traditional Roles 26...

  4. Privatizing Public Health: Social Marketing for HIV Prevention in Tanzania, East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahaffey, Erin Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Village Vigilante Groups in Tanzania. African Affairs 86:Groups among the Kuria of Tanzania. Africa: Journal of theRevivalism a Threat to Tanzania's Stability. In Questioning

  5. Putting your computer to work to fight against malaria in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    "While your are sending an email or surfing the web, your computer could be helping to tackle one of Africa's major humanitarian challenges, malaria." (1 page)

  6. Gesture Based Interface for Asynchronous Video Communication for Deaf People in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    Gesture Based Interface for Asynchronous Video Communication for Deaf People in South Africa people. The gesture interface was implemented on a store and forward video architecture since

  7. No Solution in Sight : the Problem of Protracted Refugee Situations in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crisp, Jeff

    2003-01-01

    Changing priorities in refugee protection: the Rwandanfrom Tanzania’, New Issues in Refugee Research, No. 53,The Problem of Protracted Refugee Situations in Africa By

  8. Analysis of Long-range Clean Energy Investment Scenarios for Eritrea, East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Buskirk, Robert D.

    2004-01-01

    Clean Energy Investment Scenarios for Eritrea, East Africaand renewable energy development scenarios for Eritrea, EastEritrea, East Africa in an effort to facilitate clean energy

  9. Evolution of the energy consumed by street lighting in Spain estimated with DMSP-OLS data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Miguel, Alejandro Sánchez; Castaño, José Gómez; Pascual, Sergio

    2013-01-01

    We present the results of the analysis of satellite imagery to study light pollution in Spain. Both calibrated and non-calibrated DMSP-OLS images were used. We describe the method to scale the non-calibrated DMSP-OLS images which allows us to use differential photometry techniques in order to study the evolution of the light pollution. Population data and DMSP-OLS satellite calibrated images for the year 2006 were compared to test the reliability of official statistics in public lighting consumption. We found a relationship between the population and the energy consumption which is valid for several regions. Finally the true evolution of the electricity consumption for street lighting in Spain from 1992 to 2010 was derived, it have been doubled in the last 18 years in most of the provinces.

  10. Middle Cambrian priapulids and other soft-bodied fossils from Utah and Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conway Morris, S.; Robison, Richard A.

    1986-01-09

    THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PALEONTOLOGICAL CONTRIBUTIONS January 9, 1986 Paper 117 MIDDLE CAMBRIAN PRIAPULIDS AND OTHER SOFT-BODIED FOSSILS FROM UTAH AND SPAIN' S. CONWAY MORRIS and R. A. ROBISON Department of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge...- tion rather than the original biotic assemblage (Conway Morris, 1981; Conway Morris and Robison, 1982). If this is correct then such soft- bodied faunas may provide a guide to original diversity and paleoecologic insights more reli- able than those...

  11. Fast neutron incineration in the energy amplifier as alternative to geologic storage the case of Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubbia, Carlo; Kadi, Y; Rubio, Juan Antonio

    1997-01-01

    In previous reports [1][2] we have presented the conceptual design of a fast neutron driven sub-critical device (Energy Amplifier) designed both for energy amplification (production) and for the incineration of unwanted ³waste² from Nuclear Light Water Reactors (LWR). The latter scheme is here applied to the specific case of Spain, where 9 large LWR¹s are presently in operation. It is shown that a cluster of 5 EA¹s is a very effective and realistic solution to the elimination (in 37 years) of the present and foreseen (till 2029) LWR-Waste stockpiles of Spain, but with major improvements over Geologic Storage, since: (1) only a Low Level Waste (LLW) surface repository of reasonable size is ultimately required; (2) the large amount of energy stored in the trans-Uranics is recovered, amounting for each of the 37 years of incineration to a saving of about 8% of the present primary energy demand of Spain (100 MTep/y); (3) the slightly enriched (1.1%) Uranium, unburned by LWR¹s, can be recovered for further us...

  12. JET Papers Presented to the 15th IAEA Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research (Seville, Spain, 26th Sept-1st Oct 1994)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JET Papers Presented to the 15th IAEA Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research (Seville, Spain, 26th Sept-1st Oct 1994)

  13. The Origin and Early Cultivation of Sorghums in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mann, J.A.; Kimber, C.T.; Miller, F.R.

    1983-01-01

    climatic change may have been desertification caused by over gra~ing. As the expansion and contraction of the savanna and semi-desert steppe regions north of the equator took place, the most advantageous habitats would have also moved north and south...-Bantu) from the area of eastern Nigeria and northern Cameroon through the forests to Katanga, and later on to East Africa. The proto-Bantu were a Negroid stock closely related to the Niger-Congo peopl (if not actually of that stock). While originally...

  14. Constraints on implementing environmental impact assessments in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kakonge, J.O. (UNDP, Maseru (South Africa)); Imevbore, A.M. (Univ. of Ile-ife (Nigeria))

    1993-09-01

    Africa can benefit from the experience of other areas in implementing environmental impact assessments (EIAs), but African countries face a greater challenge in achieving this goal due to such problems as inadequate environmental legislation; inappropriate institutional framework for coordination and monitoring government activities; a shortage of qualified manpower, inadequate financial resources; absence of public awareness of the need for EIAs; and lack of suitable screening procedures to determine which development projects require an EIA. Despite these difficulties, African countries can realize short- and long-term benefits from the incorporation of the EIA into their decision-making process.

  15. Solar Energy for Africa SEFA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity forSilicium deEnergy InformationDepot IncHomeSystems IncAfrica

  16. Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewablesAfrica - CCSAccess,

  17. Africa Climate Policy Centre (ACPC) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewablesAfrica -

  18. Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: ARCGIS Shape File, all

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewablesAfrica -Countries |

  19. Africa's Infrastructure: A Time for Transformation | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewablesAfrica -Countries

  20. United Nations Economic Commission for Africa | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) JumpGTZ Climate OrientedUnionUnitedKingdom:Africa Jump

  1. U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report1538-1950 Timeline ofTurkeyProgram | DepartmentU.S. andAfrica

  2. The SME boom in rural South Africa links to electricity and telephony

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -) ) The SME boom in rural South Africa links to electricity and telephony Paper to be presented in rural South Africa, with a special focus on electricity and telephone access. The micro data we analyse of the historically disadvantaged "deep rural" areas. In parallel to a doubled electricity access, we find a 14-fold

  3. The Red-billed Quelea in southern Africa: primary moult and the rainfall migration model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    Chapter 4 The Red-billed Quelea in southern Africa: primary moult and the rainfall migration model #12;74 #12;75 The Red-billed Quelea in southern Africa: primary moult and the rainfall migration model Abstract The onset and duration of primary moult were investigated for Red-billed Quelea Quelea quelea

  4. Evaluating the Interstate Highway Transportation System in West Africa: Recommendations for an Integrated Highway Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nyang, Lamin Bumi

    2010-12-17

    of travel along West African highways. Research indicates that traveling on West Africa’s highways can be onerous. In 2003, the African Development Bank admitted that what should be a 3-day trip from Bangua, Central African Republic, to Douala, Cameroon...

  5. New species of Mycosphaerella occurring on Eucalyptus leaves in Indonesia and Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    781 New species of Mycosphaerella occurring on Eucalyptus leaves in Indonesia and Africa P.W. Crous and M.J. Wingfield Ahstract:Although Africa and Indonesia have not been particularly well surveyed Eucalyptus leaves from Indonesia. The former species is of particular interest, because its anamorph

  6. NORWAY-SOUTH AFRICA RESEARCH PROJECT TPCP/CTHB STUDENTS VISIT NORWAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NORWAY-SOUTH AFRICA RESEARCH PROJECT TPCP/CTHB STUDENTS VISIT NORWAY Recently two masters' students of visiting Norway to work with the Norwegian Forestry Research Institute (Skogforsk) in Ås. This opportunity arose from a bilateral agreement between the Governments of Norway and South Africa. For Gilbert

  7. "Some, for all, forever" Managing Water for Sustainable Development in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mauzerall, Denise

    "Some, for all, forever" Managing Water for Sustainable Development in South Africa Priscilla" Integrated Water Resources Management in South Africa" a. Natural Conditions and Hydrology b. Pollution c. Population and a Legacy of Inequality d. New Legislation: The National Water Act of 1998 and the Water

  8. A new species of CrypllOnectria from South Africa and Australia, pathogenic to Eucalyptus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A new species of CrypllOnectria from South Africa and Australia, pathogenic to Eucalyptus Marieka- genic to Eucalyptus. - Sydowia 54(1): 98-117. Endothia gyrosa causes cankers on several hardwood genera in North America, but occurs only on Eucalyptus spp. in South Africa and Australia. Previously, Australian

  9. Modeling blue and green water availability in Africa Jurgen Schuol,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modeling blue and green water availability in Africa Ju¨rgen Schuol,1,2 Karim C. Abbaspour,1 Hong a semidistributed hydrological model SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool), the freshwater components blue water. J. B. Zehnder (2008), Modeling blue and green water availability in Africa, Water Resour. Res., 44

  10. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in South Africa provides a limited number of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in South Africa provides a limited number of scholarships for refugees at the tertiary level in Government universities, technikons and colleges in South Africa. The scholarship originated from the Albert Einstein German Academic Refugee Initiative Fund (DAFI

  11. Sustainable Waste Management in Africa Accra, Ghana, May 26th-30th, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Sustainable Waste Management in Africa Accra, Ghana, May 26th-30th, 2014 The Earth Engineering & Waste Management (ISWM) of Ghana are pleased to announce that an interdisciplinary course and workshop course will focus on state of the art technologies for advancing sustainable waste management in Africa

  12. Tropospheric ozone climatology over Irene, South Africa, from 1990 to 1994 and 1998 to 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Anne

    Tropospheric ozone climatology over Irene, South Africa, from 1990 to 1994 and 1998 to 2002 R. D the characteristic Southern Hemisphere springtime tropospheric ozone maximum, but its seasonal features are modulated anticyclonic gyre over southern Africa permit the buildup of relatively high springtime midtropospheric ozone

  13. Climate change and human health: Spatial modeling of water availability, malnutrition, and livelihoods in Mali, Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    , and livelihoods in Mali, Africa Marta M. Jankowskaa,*,1 , David Lopez-Carrb,1 , Chris Funkc , Gregory J. Husakd Malnutrition Mali-Africa Livelihoods a b s t r a c t This study develops a novel approach for projecting climate trends in the Sahel in relation to shifting livelihood zones and health outcomes. Focusing on Mali

  14. Health and Disease in East Africa Course Syllabus; Spring 2011 Interdisciplinary Perspectives on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Health and Disease in East Africa Course Syllabus; Spring 2011 1 Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Global Health and Disease: Uganda PHS 644: Section 30 Course Syllabus ­ Spring 2012 Wednesdays 5 Prerequisites: Graduate and health professional students who plan field study in Uganda and/or East Africa

  15. 15 Energy for development: solar home systemsin Africa and global carbon emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    15 Energy for development: solar home systemsin Africa and global carbon emissions RICHARD D. DUKEl, private and non- governmental organization (NGG) projects have already targeted SHS in Africa. The World;market transformation;photovoltaics; solar home systems; buydown ABST RACT A growingnumberofrural

  16. Renewable Energy Industry in South Africa: Opportunities for Partnership and Collaboration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Renewable Energy Industry in South Africa: Opportunities for Partnership and Collaboration Renewable Energy in South Africa September 23, 2013 11:30 a.m. ­ 12:30 p.m, Engineering East 303C@fau.edu FAU's Division of Research and Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center invite you

  17. THE MURCHISON GREENSTONE BELT, SOUTH AFRICA: ACCRETED1 SLIVERS WITH CONTRASTING METAMORPHIC CONDITIONS2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 THE MURCHISON GREENSTONE BELT, SOUTH AFRICA: ACCRETED1 SLIVERS WITH CONTRASTING METAMORPHIC.09-2.92 Ga Murchison30 Greenstone Belt (MGB), located in South Africa's Kaapvaal Craton, and discusses deformation patterns observed throughout the belt. These patterns are explained by a N-S compressional36

  18. Energy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Energy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya By Katherine Deaton Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya Energy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power in Kenya by Katherine Steel Submitted to the Engineering Systems Division

  19. A jet streak circulation associated with a low-latitude jet in the Southern Hemisphere over Africa.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Sharon E.

    A jet streak circulation associated with a low-latitude jet in the Southern Hemisphere over Africa 2007 #12;2 Abstract In the Southern Hemisphere over Africa a mid-tropospheric easterly jet stream exists during some months that is analogous to the African Easterly Jet over West Africa. In this note

  20. Towards evaluating the map literacy of planners in 2D maps and 3D models in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Çöltekin, Arzu

    1 Towards evaluating the map literacy of planners in 2D maps and 3D models in South Africa, Department of Geography, Geoinformatics and Metereology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa 2 GIScience Center, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. Abstract South Africa is faced

  1. Aurecon South Africa Aurecon provides world class technical expertise and innovative solutions on projects in more than 80

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    Aurecon South Africa Aurecon provides world class technical expertise and innovative solutions on projects in more than 80 countries across Africa, Asia Pacific and the Middle East. As a global multi to make a difference. We have offices in all major cities throughout South Africa. How to Apply

  2. STUDIES IN MYCOLOGY 55: 1333. 2006. How many species of fungi are there at the tip of Africa?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    13 STUDIES IN MYCOLOGY 55: 13­33. 2006. How many species of fungi are there at the tip of Africa, Pretoria, South Africa; 3 Biosystematics Division, ARC Plant Protection Research Institute, P. Bag X134, Queenswood, Pretoria 0121, South Africa; 4 ARC Plant Protection Research Institute, P. Bag X5017

  3. 11.4 CLIP: CLIMATE-LAND INTERACTION PROJECT--INVESTIGATING HUMAN-CLIMATE INTERACTIONS IN EAST AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AFRICA Brent M. Lofgren* Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Ann Arbor, Michigan Nathan J Africa is a region with an economy that is rapidly developing in a variety of sectors, an ex- panding to have significant effects on climate in other parts of Africa, leading to feedback between vegetation

  4. PhD position In situ assessment of greenhouse gases and ammonia emissions from livestock systems in East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Charles W.

    in East Africa The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI, www.ilri.org) in cooperation on greenhouse gases (GHG) and ammonia emissions from different livestock systems in East Africa. The candidate Africa by means of a combination of chamber measurements, eddy covariance techniques and other

  5. Amphibia-Reptilia 34 (2013): 363-387 Additions to the lizard diversity of the Horn of Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    Amphibia-Reptilia 34 (2013): 363-387 Additions to the lizard diversity of the Horn of Africa: Two Böhme2 Abstract. The Horn of Africa is a center of diversity for African agamid lizards. Among the nine species of Agama occurring in the Horn of Africa, Agama spinosa is the most widely distributed. The A

  6. A westward extension of the warm pool leads to a westward extension of the Walker circulation, drying eastern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Park

    , drying eastern Africa A. Park Williams · Chris Funk Received: 3 June 2010 / Accepted: 21 December 2010 Ó Africa. In recent decades (1980­2009), this response has suppressed convection over tropical eastern Africa, decreasing precipitation during the `long-rains' season of March­June. This trend toward drought

  7. Transmission grid access and pricing in Norway, Spain, and California: A comparative study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gronli, H.; Gomez San Ramon, T.; Marnay, C.

    1999-09-01

    The openness of the transmission grid and the incentives given by transmission pricing form the foundation for retail and wholesale competition in the electricity market. The deregulated markets of Norway, Spain, and California all have introduced retail access and wholesale competition, although with different approaches to pricing of transmission grid services. This paper will briefly describe the three different solutions, and discuss some of their implications. Of the three electricity systems, Norway was the first to open the grid to competition in electricity trade. The Norwegian Energy Law of 1990 introduced open competition to wholesale and retail trade starting January 1991. In Spain, the Electricity Law of 1997 came into force early in 1998. Wholesale and retail markets in California were opened for competition on April 1, 1998, following the passage of Assembly Bill 1890, in August 1996. Introducing competition in electricity markets also implies introducing Third Party Access to the transmission grid. All potential competitors have to be given access to the grid in order to compete, no matter who owns the actual wires. This principle raises several challenges, notably, how to price transmission services. Who is to pay for which transmission services? The Norwegian grid is divided into three levels depending on its function. The transmission grid includes all parts of the national grid having a transmission function, meaning that some lower voltage levels also are included. In Spain, the definition of the transmission grid is similar, including the 400 kV and 220 kV national grid as well as lower voltage installations that could affect transmission operation or generation dispatch. For historic reasons, wholesale electricity transactions in the US are regulated by the federal government through the FERC. However, operations of utility systems within one state fall primarily under state jurisdiction. Because the utility systems in California generally are large and exchanges between them limited, the role of FERC was small prior to restructuring, although the state is a large importer of power.

  8. U.S. and Spain to Develop Solar Decathlon Europe | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof Energy Fish andSmuggling |Spain to Develop

  9. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Spain (Million Cubic Feet)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E CChina (Million CubicRussiaSpain

  10. Ocean Waves Measurement and Analysis, Fifth International Symposium WAVES 2005, 3rd-7th, July, 2005. Madrid, Spain Paper number: 197

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grilli, Stéphan T.

    Ocean Waves Measurement and Analysis, Fifth International Symposium WAVES 2005, 3rd-7th, July, 2005 WAVES 2005, 3rd-7th, July, 2005. Madrid, Spain #12;Ocean Waves Measurement and Analysis, Fifth International Symposium WAVES 2005, 3rd-7th, July, 2005. Madrid, Spain #12;Ocean Waves Measurement and Analysis

  11. Ambient aromatic hydrocarbon measurements at Welgegund, South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jaars, K.; Beukes, J. P.; van Zyl, P. G.; Venter, A. D.; Josipovic, M.; Pienaar, J. J.; Vakkari, Ville; Aaltonen, H.; Laakso, H.; Kulmala, M.; Tiitta, P.; Guenther, Alex B.; Hellen, H.; Laakso, L.; Hakola, H.

    2014-07-11

    Aromatic hydrocarbons are associated with direct adverse human health effects and can have negative impacts on ecosystems due to their toxicity, as well as indirect negative effects through the formation of tropospheric ozone and secondary organic aerosol that affect human health, crop production and regional climate. Measurements were conducted at the Welgegund measurement station (South Africa) that is considered to be a regionally representative background site. However, the site is occasionally impacted by plumes from major anthropogenic source regions in the interior of South Africa, which include the western Bushveld Igneous Complex (e.g. platinum, base metal and ferrochrome smelters), the eastern Bushveld Igneous Complex (platinum and ferrochrome smelters), the Johannesburg-Pretoria metropolitan conurbation (>10 million people), the Vaal Triangle (e.g. petrochemical and industries), the Mpumalanga Highveld (e.g. coal-fired power plants and petrochemical industry) and also a region of anti-cyclonic recirculation of air mass over the interior of South Africa. The aromatic hydrocarbon measurements were conducted with an automated sampler on Tenax-TA and Carbopack-B adsorbent tubes with heated inlet for one year. Samples were collected twice a week for two hours during daytime and two hours 1 during night-time. A thermal desorption unit, connected to a gas chromatograph and a mass 2 selective detector was used for sample preparation and analysis. Results indicated that the 3 monthly median total aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations ranged between 0.01 to 3.1 ppb. 4 Benzene levels did not exceed local air quality standards. Toluene was the most abundant 5 species, with an annual median concentration of 0.63 ppb. No statistically significant 6 differences in the concentrations measured during daytime and night-time were found and no distinct seasonal patterns were observed. Air mass back trajectory analysis proved that the lack of seasonal cycles could be attributed to patterns determining the origin of the air masses sampled. Aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations were in general significantly higher in air masses that passed over anthropocentrically impacted regions. Interspecies correlations and ratios gave some indications of the possible sources for the different aromatic hydrocarbons in the source regions defined in the paper. The highest contribution of aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations to ozone formation potential was also observed in plumes passing over anthropocentrically impacted regions.

  12. Dr. Ajay Divakaran SRI International

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanley, Kenneth O.

    he was the lead inventor of the world's first sports highlights playback-enabled DVR. He also oversaw as lead-inventor of the MPEG-7 video standard motion activity descriptor. He serves on Technical Program

  13. SRI International | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/ColoradoRemsenburg-Speonk, NewMichigan:Roxbury,RushS.KSPARQL Query Form DefaultSPISRI

  14. SRI2007 Conference - Contact Information

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein1-0845*RV6 Commercial value of4 Hidden1999 → 11th

  15. SRI2007 Conference - Local Attractions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein1-0845*RV6 Commercial value of4 Hidden1999 → 11th

  16. SRI2007 Conference - Manuscript Review

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein1-0845*RV6 Commercial value of4 Hidden1999 →

  17. SRI2007 Conference - Poster Session

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein1-0845*RV6 Commercial value of4 Hidden1999 →

  18. SRI2007 Conference - Travel Tips

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein1-0845*RV6 Commercial value of4 Hidden1999 HomeTravel

  19. Photoemission Spectroscopy at SRI2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeeding access| DepartmentPeerFederal FleetUp in the Air PhotoPhotoemission

  20. Approximation of Point Sets by 1-Corner Polygonal Chains JOSE-MIGUEL DiAZ-BA ~NEZ Departamento de Matematica Aplicada II, Universidad de Sevilla, Spain, Email: dbanez@cica.es

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Díaz-Báñez, José Miguel

    de Matema´tica Aplicada II, Universidad de Sevilla, Spain, Email: dbanez@cica.es FRANCISCO G´OMEZ Departamento de Matema´tica Aplicada, Universidad Polite´cnica de Madrid, Spain, Email: fmartin@eui.upm.es FERRAN HURTADO Departament de Matema`tica Aplicada II, Universitat Polite`cnica de Catalunya, Spain

  1. Attitudes to diversity: A cross-cultural study of education students in Spain, England, and the United States 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stough, Laura

    2010-01-01

    stream_source_info Attitudes to Diversity- A cross-cultural study of education students in Spain, England, and the United States.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 66386 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name Attitudes... to Diversity- A cross-cultural study of education students in Spain, England, and the United States.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Texas A&M University] On: 22 July...

  2. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1986-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,839,817 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1985, a decrease of 3% from the 1,896,446 km/sup 2/ held at the end of 1984. This decrease mainly is due to significant relinquishments made in Algeria, Egypt, and Tunisia. Morocco, however, had an increase of 18,087 km/sup 2/. Oil discoveries were reported in Algeria (possibly 5), Libya (at least 2), and Egypt (16). Only 1 gas find was made (in Morocco). According to sparse information, development drilling may have decreased markedly during 1985. Oil and condensate production increased by 3.1% to approximately 3,054,000 b/d compared to about 2,963,400 b/d in 1984. No statistics are currently available on gas production in North Africa. 8 figures, 27 tables.

  3. Occurrence of aflatoxins in human foodstuffs in South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loetter, L.H.; Kroehm, H.J.

    1988-02-01

    Aflatoxins are toxic metabolites of Aspergillus spp and have been reported as contaminants in a number of foodstuffs, namely corn, rice, peanuts, and cereals. In the Republic of South Africa, aflatoxin levels in human foodstuffs are limited to a maximum of 10 ..mu..g/kg for the total and 5 ..mu..g/kg for aflatoxin B/sub 1/. During 1985 and 1986, samples of sorghum beer, sorghum cereal, peanuts, peanut butter and maize meal were purchased from supermarkets in Johannesburg and analyzed for aflatoxins. A total of 414 samples were analyzed during the survey. In 1985, roughly a third of the samples were contaminated with aflatoxins, with no levels in excess of the legal limit. In 1986 the percentage of contaminated samples rose significantly, but the levels of contamination remained low, with only one sample exceeding the legal maximum.

  4. Latest Jurassic-early Cretaceous regressive facies, northeast Africa craton

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    van Houten, F.B.

    1980-06-01

    Nonmarine to paralic detrital deposits accumulated in six large basins between Algeria and the Arabo-Nubian shield during major regression in latest Jurassic and Early Cretaceous time. The Ghadames Sirte (north-central Libya), and Northern (Egypt) basins lay along the cratonic margin of northeastern Africa. The Murzuk, Kufra, and Southern (Egypt) basins lay in the south within the craton. Data for reconstructing distribution, facies, and thickness of relevant sequences are adequate for the three northern basins only. High detrital influx near the end of Jurassic time and in mid-Cretaceous time produced regressive nubian facies composed largely of low-sinuosity stream and fahdelta deposits. In the west and southwest the Ghadames, Murzuk, and Kufra basins were filled with a few hundred meters of detritus after long-continued earlier Mesozoic aggradation. In northern Egypt the regressive sequence succeeded earlier Mesozoic marine sedimentation; in the Sirte and Southern basins correlative deposits accumulated on Precambrian and Variscan terranes after earlier Mesozoic uplift and erosion. Waning of detrital influx into southern Tunisia and adjacent Libya in the west and into Israel in the east initiated an Albian to early Cenomanian transgression of Tethys. By late Cenomanian time it had flooded the entire cratonic margin, and spread southward into the Murzuk and Southern basins, as well as onto the Arabo-Nubian shield. Latest Jurassic-earliest Cretaceous, mid-Cretaceous, and Late Cretaceous transgressions across northeastern Africa recorded in these sequences may reflect worldwide eustatic sea-level rises. In contrast, renewed large supply of detritus during each regression and a comparable subsidence history of intracratonic and marginal basins imply regional tectonic control. 6 figures.

  5. Lessons learned from the Siting Process of an Interim Storage Facility in Spain - 12024

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lamolla, Meritxell Martell [MERIENCE Strategic Thinking, 08734 Olerdola, Barcelona (Spain)

    2012-07-01

    On 29 December 2009, the Spanish government launched a site selection process to host a centralised interim storage facility for spent fuel and high-level radioactive waste. It was an unprecedented call for voluntarism among Spanish municipalities to site a controversial facility. Two nuclear municipalities, amongst a total of thirteen municipalities from five different regions, presented their candidatures to host the facility in their territories. For two years the government did not make a decision. Only in November 30, 2011, the new government elected on 20 November 2011 officially selected a non-nuclear municipality, Villar de Canas, for hosting this facility. This paper focuses on analysing the factors facilitating and hindering the siting of controversial facilities, in particular the interim storage facility in Spain. It demonstrates that involving all stakeholders in the decision-making process should not be underestimated. In the case of Spain, all regional governments where there were candidate municipalities willing to host the centralised interim storage facility, publicly opposed to the siting of the facility. (author)

  6. Global climate change and maize production in Spain: Risk assessment and impacts of weather on yields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feijoo, M.L.; Mestre, F.; Iglesias, A.; Rosenzweig, C.

    1996-12-31

    The study evaluates the potential effect of climate change on maize production in Spain, combining climate models, a crop productivity model, a decision support system and a yield-response model. The study was carried out for two agricultural regions that include the largest areas of Spain where maize is grown as a high input crop. The paper combines the output from a crop model with different techniques of analysis. The scenarios used in this study were generated from the output of two General Circulation Models (GCMs): the Goddard Institute for Space Studies model (GISS) and the Canadian Climate Change Model (CCCM). The study also includes a preliminary evaluation of the potential changes in monetary returns taking into account the possible variability of grain yields and prices, using mean-Gini stochastic dominance (MGSD). A yield response model was estimated using simulated data from the crop model. Weather variables are included. Typically, temperature and precipitation are the only weather variables included in these models. However, solar radiation is another important climate factor for plant growth and development and were included in the yield response model.

  7. Let my people go (home) to Spain: a genealogical model of Jewish identities since 1492

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weitz, Joshua S

    2013-01-01

    The Spanish government recently announced an official fast-track path to citizenship for any individual who is Jewish and whose ancestors were expelled from Spain during the inquisition-related dislocation of Spanish Jews in 1492. It would seem that this policy targets a small subset of the global Jewish population, i.e., restricted to individuals who retain cultural practices associated with ancestral origins in Spain. However, the central contribution of this manuscript is to demonstrate how and why the policy is far more likely to apply to a very large fraction (i.e., the vast majority) of Jews. This claim is supported using a series of genealogical models that include transmissable "identities" and preferential intra-group mating. Model analysis reveals that even when intra-group mating is strong and even if only a small subset of a present-day population retains cultural practices typically associated with that of an ancestral group, it is highly likely that nearly all members of that population have dir...

  8. U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial Co-Chairs' Summary from Energy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    sectoral policies and strategies. He emphasized the need to scale up investment in the production and consumption of energy services if Africa is meant to be the next global...

  9. Unlocking Africa's poverty trap : holistic approach to BOP investment in agribusiness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Elli

    2013-01-01

    This paper identifies subsistence farming as a significant opportunity for poverty reduction and economic development in sub-Saharan Africa. By taking a holistic, standardized, and bundled approach, this paper proposes an ...

  10. Solar capabilities : promoting, technological learning in South Africa's photovoltaic supply industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Janelle N., 1978-

    2003-01-01

    I explore the mechanisms through which technological capabilities have been built in the market for photovoltaic (PV) module and balance of system (BOS) manufacture in South Africa. Drawing on the literature on technology ...

  11. Characterization of novel rice germplasm from West Africa and genetic marker associations with rice cooking quality 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Traore, Karim

    2006-10-30

    Genetic resource enhancement is the foundation of any good breeding program. Landraces from West Africa, interspecifics between Oryza sativa and Oryza glaberrima and improved lines from the West African Rice Development Association and other...

  12. Surficial sediments of the continental rise and slope, Niger Delta, West Africa: properties and geology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kobilka, David William

    1999-01-01

    The submarine portions of the Niger Delta, West Africa are undergoing active gravity tectonic deformation due to thick deposits of ductile shale overlain by paralic sands. Because the region is rich in hydrocarbon reserves, the subdermal Niger Delta...

  13. Policy Responses to Human Trafficking in Southern Africa: Domesticating International Norms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Britton, Hannah E.; Dean, Laura A.

    2014-01-01

    Human trafficking is increasingly recognized as an outcome of economic insecurity, gender inequality, and conflict, all significant factors in the region of southern Africa. This paper examines policy responses to human trafficking in southern...

  14. A planning paradigm for electrification in Sub-Saharan Africa : a case study of Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dimson, Sarah

    2014-01-01

    In Sub-Saharan Africa, a lack of clean electricity generation sources, poor electricity access and low levels of electricity consumption are profoundly stifling sustainable development. This thesis presents a specialized ...

  15. Cell-Phones and Spears: Indigenous Cultural Transition Within the Maasai of East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Summitt, April R.

    2002-03-01

    The Maasai of East Africa are excellent examples of Indigenous culture in transition. In spite of pressure from the outside, Maasai currently maintain their cultural identity to choose which parts of western culture and ...

  16. Mediterraneità and modernità : architecture and culture during the period of Italian colonization of North Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLaren, Brian L. (Brian Lloyd), 1958-

    2001-01-01

    This dissertation examines the intersection of the modern and the colonial in architecture and culture during the period of Italian colonization of North Africa from 1911 to 1943. Rather than see the colonies as merely a ...

  17. International survey of options to fund regional science and technology in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International survey of options to fund regional science and technology in Africa December 2006 nations making real contributions to the implementation of the CPA. Whilst it is suggested that in time

  18. Tackling Africa's chronic disease burden: from the local to the global

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de-Graft Aikins, Ama; Unwin, Nigel; Agyemang, Charles; Allotey, Pascale; Campbell, Catherine; Arhinful, Daniel

    2010-04-19

    Abstract Africa faces a double burden of infectious and chronic diseases. While infectious diseases still account for at least 69% of deaths on the continent, age specific mortality rates from chronic diseases as a whole are actually higher in sub...

  19. Comrades still struggling: class, nationalism and the Tripartite Alliance in post-apartheid South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beresford, Alexander Roy

    2011-07-04

    This thesis examines the trajectories of class politics in post-apartheid South Africa. It investigates whether we can witness South African politics entering into a post-nationalist era characterised by the increasing salience of class struggles...

  20. Rural development in practice? The experience of the ‡Khomani bushmen in the Northern Cape, South Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, Julie

    2012-06-29

    This thesis analyses the dynamics, complexities and numerous obstacles that serve to constrain rural development within the ‡Khomani Community of the Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Following the end of Apartheid, ...

  1. Environmental Entanglements: The Intersectionality of Youth Participation in an Eco-Schools Club in South Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, Sertanya

    2012-11-29

    Youth participation in environmental issues tends to be unquestionably accepted simply as something ‘good’. This research takes a step back to critically explore youth participation in an Eco-Schools club in a girls’ high school in South Africa...

  2. The tobacco industry's activities to undermine tobacco control efforts in Egypt and North Africa, Arabic version

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2006-01-01

    2025048141. PM 2025048147. Egypt Law 52. 13 November 1981.Type A priorities for Egypt, North Africa and Sub-SaharanPM 2501066214. PM 2025840642. Egypt Area V5-Year Plan, 1981–

  3. Geological and thermochronological evolution of the lower crust of southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmitz, Mark D. (Mark David), 1972-

    2002-01-01

    Geochronological, thermochronological and isotopic studies of kimberlite-borne crustal xenoliths have been used to elucidate the architecture and thermal evolution of the continental lithosphere of southern Africa. U-Pb ...

  4. A cost-benefit approach to youth vocational training schemes in Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuanyin, Emmanuel Bol

    1974-01-01

    A COST-BENEFIT APPROACH TO YOUTH VOCATIONAL TRAINING SCHEMES IN AFRICA A Thesis By EMMANUEL BOL KUANY IN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... Oecember 1974 Major Subject: Economic s A COST-BENEFIT APPROACH TO YOUTH VOCATIONAL TRAINING SCHEMES IN AFRICA A Thesis EMMANUEL BOL KUANYIN As Approved to Style and Content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Department) (Member ~ ~ (Member...

  5. The Unknown Ecology of an Environmental Pathogen: Buruli ulcer Disease in West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Lindsay P.

    2013-11-20

    GIS DAY 2013 THE UNKNOWN ECOLOGY OF AN ENVIRONMENTAL PATHOGEN: BURULI ULCER DISEASE IN WEST AFRICA LINDSAY CAMPBELL ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS Buruli Ulcer Disease (BU) ? Mycobacterium ulcerans (MU) ? Environmental... Africa using a correlative modeling approach Images courtesy of Lindsay Campbell and http://www.who.int/buruli/photos Occurrence Data ? Laboratory confirmed cases ? (1997 – 2006) ? Sampling bias ? Random points ? 3 data sets ? ~275 locations...

  6. Contracting Out of Service Activities and the Effects on Sectoral Employment Patterns in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tregenna, Fiona

    1 CONTRACTING OUT OF SERVICE ACTIVITIES AND THE EFFECTS ON SECTORAL EMPLOYMENT PATTERNS IN SOUTH AFRICA FIONA TREGENNA Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge ABSTRACT This paper develops a methodology and uses household... and labour survey data to analyse the extent of intersectoral outsourcing of the employment of specific labour-intensive activities in South Africa from 1997-2007. It is shown that the relatively high growth in services employment is driven by an expansion...

  7. European Wind Energy Conference & Exhibition EWEC 2003, Madrid, Spain. Forecasting of Regional Wind Generation by a Dynamic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    European Wind Energy Conference & Exhibition EWEC 2003, Madrid, Spain. Forecasting of Regional Wind. Abstract-Short-term wind power forecasting is recognized nowadays as a major requirement for a secure and economic integration of wind power in a power system. In the case of large-scale integration, end users

  8. European Hydrogen Energy Conference 2014 March 12th -14th, 2014 -Seville, Spain Sarmiento-Carnevali, Batlle, Massana and Serra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Batlle, Carles

    European Hydrogen Energy Conference 2014 March 12th - 14th, 2014 - Seville, Spain Sarmiento, which is the number 1 #12;European Hydrogen Energy Conference 2014 March 12th - 14th, 2014 - Seville consider to study spatial variations of hydrogen and water concentrations, flow velocity, channel pressure

  9. The Madotz Urgonian platform (Aralar, northern Spain): Paleoecological changes in response to Early Aptian global environmental events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    The Madotz Urgonian platform (Aralar, northern Spain): Paleoecological changes in response to Early. The paleoecological change coinciding with the base of OAE1a occurred at a time of sea level rise and it coincided with a demise of heavily calcified nannoconids in the Tethys and Pacific Oceans. The paleoecological change

  10. Population size and habitat relationships of Black-bellied Sandgrouse, Pterocles orientalis, in the Canary Islands, Spain.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seoane, Javier

    , in the Canary Islands, Spain. Seoane, J.*, Carrascal, L.M.**, Palomino, D***. and Alonso, C.L****. * Dept-Bellied Sandgrouse in the Canaries23 Keywords: Eastern Canary Islands, distance sampling, habitat modelling is a Palaearctic species that13 reaches the western border of its distribution range in the Canary Islands

  11. \\Spain 98" metal workshop paper. Accepted for publication in J. Nucl. Mater. c Elsevier Science B.V.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nordlund, Kai

    \\Spain 98" metal workshop paper. Accepted for publication in J. Nucl. Mater. c Elsevier Science B.V. Collision cascades in metals and semiconductors: defect creation and interface behaviour K. Nordlund #3; y z in metals and semiconductors. In metals we #12;nd that the primary mechanism causing separation

  12. Intelligent Transport Systems and Services, 16-20 November 2003, Madrid, Spain SAVE-U : An innovative sensor platform for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gavrila, Dariu M.

    Intelligent Transport Systems and Services, 16-20 November 2003, Madrid, Spain 1 SAVE called SAVE-U (IST-2001-34040): "Sensors and system architecture for VulnerablE road Users protection" aimed at developing an integrated safety concept for pedestrians and cyclists. SAVE-U started in March

  13. A review of the fossil record of spiders (Araneae) with special reference to Africa, and description of a new specimen from the Triassic Molteno Formation of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selden, Paul A.; Anderson, H.M.; Anderson, J.M.

    2009-06-01

    Montsech and Las Hoyas localities, Spain (Selden 1989, 1990, 1991; Selden & Penney 2003); an unnamed lycosoid from Orapa, Botswana (Rayner & Dippenaar-Schoeman 1995); a poorly preserved specimen from Mexico (Feldmann et al. 1998); many new spider specimens... are known from Cretaceous amber from Canada (McAlpine & Martin 1969; Penney & Selden 2006), the Caucasus and Siberia (Eskov & Wunderlich 1994; Zherikhin & Eskov 1999), France (Schlüter 1978; Saupe & Selden 2009), Lebanon (Penney 2003a; Penney & Selden 2002...

  14. Plutonium contamination twenty years after the nuclear weapons accident in Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iranzo, E.; Richmond, C.R.

    1987-01-01

    An accident involving two US Air Force planes engaged in a refueling operation occurred at 0922 GMT on January 17, 1966 over the town of Palomares in southeastern Spain. Three of the bombs, one intact, were found on land, in or near Palomares while the fourth was removed from the Mediterranean Sea. The parachutes of two of the bombs did not deploy resulting in the detonation of their conventional explosives and release of fissile material upon impact. Partial burning of the fissile material formed an aerosol that contaminated approximately 226 hectares of uncultivated, farmed, and urban land. The objective of this study was to determine the magnitude of the risk from internal contamination of the area inhabitants immediately after the accident and during the emergency phase and to determine the short, medium and long-term risk of internal contamination for the inhabitants of Palomares and its environs and to those who consume planet products cultivated in that area.

  15. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 28, NO. 13, PAGES 2485-2488, JUL 1, 2001 Tectospheric structure beneath southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Lee, Suzan

    beneath southern Africa D. E. James,1 M. J. Fouch,1,2 J. C. VanDecar,1,3 S. van der Lee4 and Kaapvaal Seismic Group5 Abstract. P-wave and S-wave delay times from the broad- band data of the southern Africa in the mantle beneath southern Africa. High velocity mantle roots appear to extend to depths of at least 250 km

  16. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 28, NO. 13,PAGES 2485-2488, JULY 1,2001 Tectospheric structure beneath southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Stephen Shangxing

    beneath southern Africa D. E. James,1M. J. Fouch,1'2J. C. VanDecar, KaapvaalSeismicGroup5 S. van der Lee4 and Abstract. P-wave and S-wavedelay times from the broad- band data of the southern Africa seismicexperiment southern Africa. High velocity mantle roots appear to extend to depths of at least 250 km, and locally

  17. Energy consumption and economic development in West Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chima, C.M.

    1987-01-01

    This study evaluates the commercial energy sector of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Presently, an economic union exists between the 16 countries of West Africa that are members of ECOWAS. Although the ECOWAS region has plentiful resources of commercial energy, it faces problems in this sector for two reasons. First is the problem resulting from the diminishing traditional energy resources such as wood fuel and charcoal. Second, most ECOWAS members, except Nigeria, are net importers of commercial energy, and hence face a high import burden for oil. Liquid petroleum is the dominant form of commercial energy used in the ECOWAS despite the availability of other resources. This author basically argues that the best policy and strategy solution for dealing with energy problems is through a combination of regional cooperative effort, and a more-intensive country level. The intensity-of-use hypothesis is tested with case studies of Ghana, the Ivory Coast, and Nigeria. The results indicate that newly developing countries can deviate from the expectations of the hypothesis.

  18. Reproductive Health and Repatriation of Refugee Women in Africa: A Case of Liberian Refugee Women on Buduburam Camp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DAUDA, DEBORAH

    2012-01-01

    Africa. Retrieved from Liberia: Chronic Malnutrition Blamedwww.newnarratives.org/liberia-chronic-malnutrition-blamed-S. A. (1953). This is Liberia: A Brief History of this Land

  19. Diabat L., Blanc Ph., Wald L., Solar radiation climate in Africa. Solar Energy, 76, 733-744, 2004. SOLAR RADIATION CLIMATE IN AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Diabaté L., Blanc Ph., Wald L., Solar radiation climate in Africa. Solar Energy, 76, 733-744, 2004 is very useful for preliminary assessment and modeling of solar energy systems. Following the approach: clearness index, atmosphere optics, clustering, interpolation, map, solar energy systems Nomenclature: (KTd

  20. ACHI 2012, The Fifth International Conference on Advances in Computer-Human Interactions, January 30 -February 4, 2012 -Valencia, Spain User Experience: Buzzword or New Paradigm?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    the early days of ergonomics and HCI (Human- Computer Interaction), user experience really meant userACHI 2012, The Fifth International Conference on Advances in Computer-Human Interactions, January 30 - February 4, 2012 - Valencia, Spain User Experience: Buzzword

  1. An Edition and Interdisciplinary Study of a Sermon from New Spain (1675), Written and Preached by Joseph Días Chamorro and Printed by Inés Vásquez Infante 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mielke, Lynne Ellen

    2012-07-16

    The printing press was introduced to Puebla, Mexico, in the middle of the 17th century. Juan de Borja y Gandía and his wife Inés Vásquez Infante, Spanish immigrants from Cadiz, Spain established a printing press and book selling business...

  2. Stratigraphy and Reservoir-analog Modeling of Upper Miocene Shallow-water and Deep-water Carbonate Deposits: Agua Amarga Basin, Southeast Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dvoretsky, Rachel Ana

    2009-03-10

    This study documents the basin-wide stratigraphic characterization and 3-D reservoir-analog modeling of upper Miocene carbonate deposits in the Agua Amarga basin, southeast Spain. Paleotopography and relative fluctuations ...

  3. A review of "The Sale of the Century: Artistic Relations between Spain and Great Britain, 1604-1655." by Jonathan Brown and John Elliott, eds. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elizabeth R. Wright

    2003-01-01

    Elliott, eds. The Sale of the Century: Ar- tistic Relations between Spain and Great Britain, 1604?1655. Madrid: Yale University Press and Museo Nacional del Prado, 2002. 315 pp. $65 hardback. Review by ELIZABETH R. WRIGHT, UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA. Art... historian Jonathan Brown and historian John Elliott have joined forces to provide an indispensable guide to the political and artistic relationship between Spain and England in the first half of the seventeenth century. Though specifically focused...

  4. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.Ch.

    1985-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984, an increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North Africa ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was up 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries.

  5. The appropriateness of GM crops for Sub-Saharan Africa: an assessment of current evidence (with special reference to cassava in Nigeria) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoof, Eva

    2011-11-23

    It is broadly accepted that agricultural growth is essential for Sub-Saharan Africa‘s development, in support of economic growth and a structural transformation of the economy towards industrialization, food security and ...

  6. Reinventing Africa into a Global Supplier of Food Goods: An Analysis of Agri-business Development, Sustainability, Supply Chain Integration and Export in Developing Economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chisholm, Lisa M.

    2011-01-01

    Africa into a Global Supplier of Food Goods: An Analysis ofAfrica into a Global Supplier of Food Goods: An Analysis ofthe continent into a global supplier of organic, exotic and

  7. Development and operativity of a real-time radiological monitoring network centered on the nuclear power plant of Almaraz (Spain)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baeza, A.; Miro, C.; Puerto, J.A. del; Rio, M. del; Ortiz, F.; Paniagua, J.M.

    1993-12-01

    This work presents the hardware and software characteristics of the environmental surveillance radiological network that has been installed around the nuclear power station of Almaraz (Spain). A description is given of the program RADLINE which allows radiological data to be logged in real time, and a study is made of the operativity of the network and the methodology followed in establishing the radiological pre-alert and alert levels.

  8. A Review of "New World Gold: Cultural Anxiety and Monetary Disorder in Early Modern Spain" by Elvira Vilches 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Elizabeth R.

    2011-01-01

    and of recent work on the early Enlightenment. Elvira Vilches. New World Gold: Cultural Anxiety and Monetary Disorder in Early Modern Spain. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010. xi + 361 pp. $45. Review by elizabeth r. wright, university of georgia.... The six chapters of New World Gold attest to an ambitious, pre- scient and impressively executed research project, in which Elvira Vilches combined the analytical tools of a cultural critic and an economic historian. At its heart is a question...

  9. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures - 1) Mobile phones and Africa: a success story 2) Citizen Problem Solving

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    Mobile phones and Africa: a success story Dr. Mo Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation Citizen Problem Solving Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are hosted by the partners of the Citizen Cyberscience Centre, CERN, The UN Institute of Training and Research and the University of Geneva. The goal of the Lectures is to provide an inspirational forum for participants from the various international organizations and academic institutions in Geneva to explore how information technology is enabling greater citizen participation in tackling global development challenges as well as global scientific research. The first Citizen Cyberscience Lectures will welcome two speakers who have both made major innovative contributions in this area. Dr. Mo Ibrahim, founder of Celtel International, one of Africa?s most successful mobile network operators, will talk about ?Mobile phones and Africa: a success story?. Dr. Alpheus Bingham, founder of InnoCentive, a Web-based community that solves industrial R&D; challenges, will discuss ?Citizen Problem Solving?. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are open and free of charge. Participants from outside CERN must register by sending an email to Yasemin.Hauser@cern.ch BEFORE the 23rd october to be able to access CERN. THE LECTURES Mobile phones and Africa: a success story Dr. Mo Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation Abstract The introduction of mobile phones into Africa changed the continent, enabling business and the commercial sector, creating directly and indirectly, millions of jobs. It enriched the social lives of many people. Surprisingly, it supported the emerging civil society and advanced the course of democracy Bio Dr Mo Ibrahim is a global expert in mobile communications with a distinguished academic and business career. In 1998, Dr Ibrahim founded Celtel International to build and operate mobile networks in Africa. Celtel became one of Africa?s most successful companies with operations in 15 countries, covering more than a third of the continent?s population and investing more than US$750 million in Africa. The company was sold to MTC Kuwait in 2005 for $3.4billion. In 2006 Dr Ibrahim established the Mo Ibrahim Foundation to support great African leadership. The Foundation focuses on two major initiatives to stimulate debate around, and improve the quality of, governance in Africa. The Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership recognises and celebrates excellence; and the Ibrahim Index of African Governance provides civil society with a comprehensive and quantifiable tool to promote government accountability. Dr Ibrahim is also Founding Chairman of Satya Capital Ltd, an investment company focused on opportunities in Africa. Dr Ibrahim has been awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the University of London?s School of Oriental and African Studies, the University of Birmingham and De Montfort University, Leicester as well as an Honorary Fellowship Award from the London Business School. He has also received the Chairman?s Award for Lifetime Achievement from the GSM Association in 2007 and the Economists Innovation Award 2007 for Social & Economic Innovation. In 2008 Dr Ibrahim was presented with the BNP Paribas Prize for Philanthropy, and also listed by TIME magazine as one of the 100 most influential people in the world. Citizen Problem Solving Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive Abstract American playwright Damien Runyon (Guys and Dolls) once remarked, "the race is not always to the swift, nor the victory to the strong -- but that IS how you bet." Not only does a system of race handicapping follow from this logic, but the whole notion of expertise and technical qualifications. Such 'credentials' allow one to 'bet' on who might most likely solve a difficult challenge, whether as consultant, contractor or employee. Of course, the approach would differ if one were allowed to bet AFTER the race. When such systems came into broad use, i.e., chat rooms, usenets, innocentive, etc., and were subsequently studied, it was often found that the greatest probability of solu

  10. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures - 1) Mobile phones and Africa: a success story 2) Citizen Problem Solving

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-10-28

    Mobile phones and Africa: a success story Dr. Mo Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation Citizen Problem Solving Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are hosted by the partners of the Citizen Cyberscience Centre, CERN, The UN Institute of Training and Research and the University of Geneva. The goal of the Lectures is to provide an inspirational forum for participants from the various international organizations and academic institutions in Geneva to explore how information technology is enabling greater citizen participation in tackling global development challenges as well as global scientific research. The first Citizen Cyberscience Lectures will welcome two speakers who have both made major innovative contributions in this area. Dr. Mo Ibrahim, founder of Celtel International, one of Africa’s most successful mobile network operators, will talk about “Mobile phones and Africa: a success story”. Dr. Alpheus Bingham, founder of InnoCentive, a Web-based community that solves industrial R&D; challenges, will discuss “Citizen Problem Solving”. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are open and free of charge. Participants from outside CERN must register by sending an email to Yasemin.Hauser@cern.ch BEFORE the 23rd october to be able to access CERN. THE LECTURES Mobile phones and Africa: a success story Dr. Mo Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation Abstract The introduction of mobile phones into Africa changed the continent, enabling business and the commercial sector, creating directly and indirectly, millions of jobs. It enriched the social lives of many people. Surprisingly, it supported the emerging civil society and advanced the course of democracy Bio Dr Mo Ibrahim is a global expert in mobile communications with a distinguished academic and business career. In 1998, Dr Ibrahim founded Celtel International to build and operate mobile networks in Africa. Celtel became one of Africa’s most successful companies with operations in 15 countries, covering more than a third of the continent’s population and investing more than US$750 million in Africa. The company was sold to MTC Kuwait in 2005 for $3.4billion. In 2006 Dr Ibrahim established the Mo Ibrahim Foundation to support great African leadership. The Foundation focuses on two major initiatives to stimulate debate around, and improve the quality of, governance in Africa. The Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership recognises and celebrates excellence; and the Ibrahim Index of African Governance provides civil society with a comprehensive and quantifiable tool to promote government accountability. Dr Ibrahim is also Founding Chairman of Satya Capital Ltd, an investment company focused on opportunities in Africa. Dr Ibrahim has been awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the University of London’s School of Oriental and African Studies, the University of Birmingham and De Montfort University, Leicester as well as an Honorary Fellowship Award from the London Business School. He has also received the Chairman’s Award for Lifetime Achievement from the GSM Association in 2007 and the Economists Innovation Award 2007 for Social & Economic Innovation. In 2008 Dr Ibrahim was presented with the BNP Paribas Prize for Philanthropy, and also listed by TIME magazine as one of the 100 most influential people in the world. Citizen Problem Solving Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive Abstract American playwright Damien Runyon (Guys and Dolls) once remarked, "the race is not always to the swift, nor the victory to the strong -- but that IS how you bet." Not only does a system of race handicapping follow from this logic, but the whole notion of expertise and technical qualifications. Such 'credentials' allow one to 'bet' on who might most likely solve a difficult challenge, whether as consultant, contractor or employee. Of course, the approach would differ if one were allowed to bet AFTER the race. When such systems came into broad use, i.e., chat rooms, usenets, innocentive, etc., and were subsequently studied, it was often found that the greate

  11. Education and access to fish but not economic development predict chimpanzee and mammal occurrence in West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    c Forestry Development Authority, Wheintown, Mount Barclay, Liberia d German Centre for Integrative A.P.E.S. database Chimpanzee Education Fish protein Liberia West Africa a b s t r a c t We investigate the effects of human well-being on their environment in Liberia, West Africa. More specifically

  12. Mapping Transmission Risk of Lassa Fever in West Africa: The Importance of Quality Control, Sampling Bias, and Error Weighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, A. Townsend; Moses, Lina M.; Bausch, Daniel G.

    2014-08-08

    Lassa fever is a disease that has been reported from sites across West Africa; it is caused by an arenavirus that is hosted by the rodent M. natalensis. Although it is confined to West Africa, and has been documented in detail in some well...

  13. The origin of young mare basalts inferred from lunar meteorites Northwest Africa 4734, 032, and LaPaz Icefield 02205

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The origin of young mare basalts inferred from lunar meteorites Northwest Africa 4734, 032, and La accepted 21 October 2013) Abstract­Northwest Africa (NWA) 4734 is an unbrecciated basaltic lunar meteorite basalts. NWA 4734 is a low-Ti mare basalt with a low Mg* (36.5) and elevated abundances of incompatible

  14. Cowpea and peanut in southern Africa are nodulated by diverse Bradyrhizobium strains harboring nodulation genes that belong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cowpea and peanut in southern Africa are nodulated by diverse Bradyrhizobium strains harboring unguiculata) and peanut (Arachis hypogaea) in southern Africa are nodulated by a genet- ically diverse group showed that the cowpea and peanut Bradyrhizobium iso- lates represent various locally adapted groups

  15. IMPACTS OF GREENHOUSE GAS AND PARTICULATE EMISSIONS FROM WOODFUEL PRODUCTION AND END-USE IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    resources like Gabon, Nigeria, and Angola, biomass constitutes the majority of national energy consumption-SAHARAN AFRICA Robert Bailis1 , David Pennise2 , Majid Ezzati3 , Daniel M. Kammen1,4 , Evans Kituyi5 1 Energy & African Center for Technology Studies, Nairobi, Kenya ABSTRACT: Household energy in sub-Saharan Africa

  16. PPage 14 ATDF JOURN AL V olum e 7, Issue 1/2 2010 The Mapungubwe Interpretive Centre in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lygeros, John

    in South Africa uses novel design and construction techniques to allow local materials and labour in South Africa. Keywords: form-finding, thrust line, masonry vaulting, local production, earth architecture, development 1. Introduction Mapungubwe National Park, on South Africa's northern border

  17. Quantitative maps of groundwater resources in Africa This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    Quantitative maps of groundwater resources in Africa This article has been downloaded from.1088/1748-9326/7/2/024009 Quantitative maps of groundwater resources in Africa A M MacDonald1, H C Bonsor1, B ´E ´O Dochartaigh1 and R G/024009 Abstract In Africa, groundwater is the major source of drinking water and its use for irrigation

  18. The onset of 1982/83 summer monsoon over southern Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garanganga, Bradwell J.

    1989-01-01

    THE ONSET OF 1982/83 SUMMER MONSOON OVER SOUTHERN AFRICA; A DIAGNOSTIC STUDY A THESIS by BRADWELL J. GARANGANGA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AkM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1989 Major Subject: Meteorology THE ONSET OF 1982/83 SUMMER MONSOON OVER SOUTHERN AFRICA: A DIAGNOSTIC STUDY A THESIS by BRADWELL J. GARANGANGA Approved as to style and content by: Steven W. L ns (Chair of Committee...

  19. Constraints and solutions to pastoral production and development programs in Sub-Saharan Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelle, Khalid Ahmed

    1991-01-01

    ~ ~~7~ f Q g. g ~ eg ~eW Pfg yy CONSTRAINTS AND SOLUTIONS TO PASTORAL PRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA A Professional Paper by KHALID AHMED GELLE Submitted to the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Texas A...&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE (NON-THESIS) AUGUST 1991 Major Subject: Range Science CONSTRAINTS AND SOLUTIONS TO PASTORAL PRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA A...

  20. Lemba, 1650-1930: A Drum of Affliction in Africa and the New World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janzen, John M.

    1982-01-01

    , and Portuguese colonial rule, mission activity, European commercial hegemony, and mechanized transport, its three-century presence across the north-bank Lower Congo/Zaire region, and its move with slave-emigrants to the New World where it still survives, make... coast, Ikenga, the cult of the hand in Eastern Nigeria, Bwiti in Gabon, Nzila in Western Zambia, as well as Beni-Ngoma and the Kalela Dance in East Africa, and the Copper Belt, or the Isangoma diviners association in South Africa. Going beyond...

  1. EU, CHINA AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGE IN AFRICA A case study from timber industry in Gabon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    level. This paper does not aim to broadly discuss EU environmental policy, but it rather1 EU, CHINA AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGE IN AFRICA A case study from timber industry: .....................................................................................................................................................2 Part I: The EU, China and the external environmental dimension

  2. Improving Crop Yield and Water Productivity by Ecological Sanitation and Water Harvesting in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrli, Bernhard

    Improving Crop Yield and Water Productivity by Ecological Sanitation and Water Harvesting in South and fertility constraints in rain- fed smallholder agriculture in South Africa, namely in situ water harvesting, is to use water harvesting and conservation technologies (WH).9 The principal hydrological functions of WH

  3. Transport and variability of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current south of Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Transport and variability of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current south of Africa Sebastiaan Swart,1 five CTD and 18 XBT sections are used to estimate the baroclinic transport (referenced to 2500 dbar and cumulative baroclinic transport is defined, allowing us to study a more extensive time series of baroclinic

  4. International Sirex Symposium, Pretoria, South Africa 9-16 May 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Sirex Symposium, Pretoria, South Africa 9-16 May 2007 Page 15 GENETIC VARIATION. areolatum still contains a large proportion of clonal replication while A. chailletii is more variable lack of genetic variation. An interesting question, that might be the key to our understanding

  5. Increasing Electricity Access in East Africa Solomon A. Asfaw, PhD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Increasing Electricity Access in East Africa Solomon A. Asfaw, PhD The electricity consumption per of the population in Sub-Saharan countries without electricity access. However, in order to achieve development and educational services, expansion of efficient energy services, such as electricity, are expected to play

  6. Increased use of Renewable Energy in Africa through a Program of Energy Enterprise Development and Investment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christine Eibs Singer

    2005-03-11

    To provide training in enterprise development and technical applications, local partner capacity building, individualized enterprise development services and seed capital investment to catalyze the creation of sustainable renewable energy enterprises that deliver clean energy services to households and businesses in South Africa, Ethiopia and Tanzania.

  7. Upper mantle Q and thermal structure beneath Tanzania, East Africa from teleseismic P wave spectra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritsema, Jeroen

    Upper mantle Q and thermal structure beneath Tanzania, East Africa from teleseismic P wave spectra-focus earthquakes recorded at broadband seismic stations of the Tanzania network to estimate regional variation of sublithospheric mantle attenuation beneath the Tanzania craton and the eastern branch of the East African Rift

  8. Designing for Place-Based Social Interaction of Urban Residents in Mxico, South Africa and Australia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roe, Paul

    countries around the world. Mexico and South Africa are particularly prone to issues that stem from urban of their living conditions and educational, environmental and economic challenges. Such concerns must be carefully a better understanding of the different socio-cultural factors that impact on communication and interaction

  9. Vulnerability and household livelihoods in small scale fishing areas in Africa: An asset-based approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    Vulnerability and household livelihoods in small scale fishing areas in Africa: An asset vulnerability to poverty and livelihood choices in small-scale fishing areas. The use of an asset on natural resources for their livelihoods, such as fishing, are often marginalized or ignored in national

  10. OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM CUMULATIVE INDEX GEOGRAPHIC AND SITE INDEX 1AABW Africa SW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM CUMULATIVE INDEX GEOGRAPHIC AND SITE INDEX 1AABW · Africa SW A AABW. See Antarctic Bottom Water AAIW. See Antarctic Intermediate Water Abaco event, geology, 101B27:428­430; 29:1­19 organogenic dolomites, 175B15:1­17 pore water, 175A20:547­553 #12;OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM CUMULATIVE INDEX

  11. DOES ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY ENABLE THE UPTAKE OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN SOUTH AFRICA?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 DOES ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY ENABLE THE UPTAKE OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN SOUTH AFRICA? G to electricity. The socio-political benefits of the national electrification programme are documented. Variation in electrification rates among households seems correlated with SMME uptake, but the nature

  12. SEISMIC IMAGING TO HELP UNDERSTAND AND MANAGE WATER QUALITY IN COASTAL BENIN, WEST AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    SEISMIC IMAGING TO HELP UNDERSTAND AND MANAGE WATER QUALITY IN COASTAL BENIN, WEST AFRICA WHERE mitigate saltwater intrusion. WHO: Boise State University; Gonzaga University; l'Université d intrusion and this problem is likely to worsen without significant steps to improve management

  13. Modeling blue and green water availability in Africa Jurgen Schuol,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    flow (i.e., water yield plus deep aquifer recharge), green water flow (i.e., actual evapotranspiration of the water yield and the deep aquifer recharge. Green water, on the other hand, originates from the naturallyModeling blue and green water availability in Africa Ju¨rgen Schuol,1,2 Karim C. Abbaspour,1 Hong

  14. DISEASED EUPHORBIA TREES IN SOUTH AFRICA HARBOURS UNEXPLORED FUNGAL AND INSECT BIODIVERSITY, INCLUDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    alarming reports of large-scale decline and death of Euphorbia ingens trees in South Africa. Mortality of these iconic trees as part of an MSc project. During investigations into the death of E. ingens, as well as E identified and are associated with die-back symptoms on E. ingens. L. theobromae was isolated from Cossonus

  15. STUDENT CONFERENCE IN CONSERVATION SCIENCE, THEME: BIODIVERSITY IN AFRICA PRESENT STATE, CHALLENGES AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STUDENT CONFERENCE IN CONSERVATION SCIENCE, THEME: BIODIVERSITY IN AFRICA ­ PRESENT STATE. Prepared by Tendai Musvuugwa The student conference in conservation science was held this year in Nairobi of habitat health. Other studies presented during the conference focussed on the Mau Forest in Kenya's Rift

  16. Operational Research Practice in Africa (ORPA) series First ORPA conference, 7-8 April 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Alistair

    Operational Research Practice in Africa (ORPA) series First ORPA conference, 7-8 April 2005 Multitude of resources: · Dynamic recalculation and chart updating · Statistical analysis. · Optimisation will carry out all the maintenance activities yourself." #12;Limitations of spreadsheets for OR · Easy

  17. Area selection for diamonds using magnetotellurics: Examples from southern Africa Alan G. Jones a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    Bag X01, Southdale 2135, South Africa h Rio Tinto Mining and Exploration, 1 Research Avenue, Bundoora by iron content and composition, and is not controlled by contributions from interconnected conducting minor phases, such as graphite, sulphides, iron oxides, hydrous minerals, etc. This makes quantitative

  18. A thermotectonic framework for the growth and stabilization of the eastern Kaapvaal craton, southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoene, Robert Blair

    2006-01-01

    Continents are an amalgamation of crust and mantle lithosphere assembled over -4 Gyr and are therefore our best record of the early Earth. Exposures of rocks -3.0-3.7 Ga cover -20,000 km2 of eastern S. Africa and Swaziland, ...

  19. Time-series validation of MODIS land biophysical products in a Kalahari woodland, Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myneni, Ranga B.

    Time-series validation of MODIS land biophysical products in a Kalahari woodland, Africa K. F MODIS variables are produced from the same algorithm. Solar zenith angle effects, differences between the two sides of the leaves are not symmetrical; 3. horizontally projected LAI is the area of `shadow

  20. Evolution of the Namaqua-Natal Belt, southern Africa A geochronological and isotope geochemical review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, William P.

    Evolution of the Namaqua-Natal Belt, southern Africa ­ A geochronological and isotope geochemical Available online 10 July 2006 Abstract Juvenile crust formation within the Namaqua-Natal Belt occurred of the Mesoproterozoic evolution of the Namaqua-Natal Belt. Graben formation with associated extrusion of lavas

  1. Evolution of biomass burning aerosol properties from an agricultural fire in southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Highwood, Ellie

    Evolution of biomass burning aerosol properties from an agricultural fire in southern Africa Steven Met Office C-130 within a distinct biomass burning plume during the Southern AFricAn Regional science, and P. R. Buseck, Evolution of biomass burning aerosol properties from an agricultural fire in southern

  2. Berg en Dal, Kruger National Park, South Africa 14-18 September 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berg en Dal, Kruger National Park, South Africa 14-18 September 2014 Food ­ Fuel Interfaces and biogas from biomass (John Corton, IBERS) Pathway # 2. Bioreactor with fruit industry waste (Sagaran Abboo as a feedstock underpins the Southern African Development Community (SADC) sugar industry Opportunities · Several

  3. Road-corridor planning in the EIA procedure in Spain. A review of case studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loro, Manuel [Department of Urban and Regional Planning and Environment, Civil Engineering School, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Prof. Aranguren s Transport Research Centre Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Prof. Aranguren s Centro de investigación del transporte, TRANSyT-UPM, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Prof. Aranguren s Arce, Rosa M. [Department of Urban and Regional Planning and Environment, Civil Engineering School, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Prof. Aranguren s Transport Research Centre Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Prof. Aranguren s Centro de investigación del transporte, TRANSyT-UPM, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Prof. Aranguren s Ortega, Emilio [Transport Research Centre Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Prof. Aranguren s Centro de investigación del transporte, TRANSyT-UPM, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Prof. Aranguren s Department of Construction and Rural Roads, Forestry Engineering School, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria s and others

    2014-01-15

    The assessment of different alternatives in road-corridor planning must be based on a number of well-defined territorial variables that serve as decision making criteria, and this requires a high-quality preliminary environmental assessment study. In Spain the formal specifications for the technical requirements stipulate the constraints that must be considered in the early stages of defining road corridors, but not how they should be analyzed and ranked. As part of the feasibility study of a new road definition, the most common methodology is to establish different levels of Territorial Carrying Capacity (TCC) in the study area in order to summarize the territorial variables on thematic maps and to ease the tracing process of road-corridor layout alternatives. This paper explores the variables used in 22 road-construction projects conducted by the Ministry of Public Works that were subject to the Spanish EIA regulation and published between 2006 and 2008. The aim was to evaluate the quality of the methods applied and the homogeneity and suitability of the variables used for defining the TCC. The variables were clustered into physical, environmental, land-use and cultural constraints for the purpose of comparing the TCC values assigned in the studies reviewed. We found the average quality of the studies to be generally acceptable in terms of the justification of the methodology, the weighting and classification of the variables, and the creation of a synthesis map. Nevertheless, the methods for assessing the TCC are not sufficiently standardized; there is a lack of uniformity in the cartographic information sources and methodologies for the TCC valuation. -- Highlights: • We explore 22 road-corridor planning studies subjected to the Spanish EIA regulation. • We analyze the variables selected for defining territorial carrying capacity. • The quality of the studies is acceptable (methodology, variable weighting, mapping). • There is heterogeneity in the methods for territorial carrying capacity valuation.

  4. The economics of housing lower income populations in South Africa : challenges and opportunities in KwaZulu-Natal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barriére, Marcella M

    2013-01-01

    Since 1994, approximately three million homes have been built for lower income households in South Africa, but as a result of population growth, immigration, increasing urbanization and systemic inefficiencies, such as ...

  5. No Readership for Peace? American News Media Coverage of Transitional Justice in South Africa and Sierra Leone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, Amy

    2014-08-31

    This thesis examines how the New York Times, Chicago Tribune, and Los Angeles Times covered and represented the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in South Africa and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and Special Court for Sierra Leone...

  6. Imbalances in the Modernization and Promotion of the Swahili Language in East Africa: The Case of Kenya and Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryanga, Sheila

    1990-01-01

    wa Kiswahili ra Ushairi Tanzania." It is an au1000mous bodyAFRICA: TIIE CASE OF KENYA AND TANZANIA by Sheila Ryanga bi:organized between Tanzania and Kenya have focussed on the

  7. Biodiversity Conservation in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Case Study of the African Dwarf Crocodiles (Osteolaemus Spp.) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smolensky, Nicole Limunga

    2014-11-20

    Overexploitation of wildlife is a leading threat to biodiversity in tropical Africa. Effective management requires integrating information on the extent of exploitation, distribution, and status of exploited species. I ...

  8. Towards Green-Sensibility in African Architecture - A Climate-sensitive Approach to Design in East Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ogoli, D. M.

    1998-01-01

    This Paper makes a commentary between science and architectural design of vernacular architecture in East Africa. It relates the history of architectural theory and contemporary practice of environmental control. Firstly, it describes the climate...

  9. The alternative of Chinese aid in Africa : impacts of China's development strategy through Chinese aid, finance, and firms in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mullin, Deborah Wei

    2009-01-01

    This thesis examines the differences of Chinese and Western aid implementation and its effects in Africa though the case study of Chinese aid and finance for road development in Kenya. Today, Kenya receives tangible benefits ...

  10. Mechanistic modelling of the links between environment, mosquitoes and malaria transmission in the current and future climates of West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamana, Teresa K. (Teresa Keiko)

    2015-01-01

    Malaria transmission in West Africa is closely tied to climate, as rain fed water pools provide breeding habitat for the anopheles mosquito vector, and temperature affects the mosquito's ability to spread disease. This ...

  11. Fish Assemblage and Food Web Structure in Whedos (Shallow Floodplain Habitats) of the Oueme River, West Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Andrew

    2012-10-19

    In the Oueme River, a lowland river in Benin, Africa, artificial ponds constructed in the floodplain (whedos) are colonized during the high-water period by a presumably random sample of fishes from the river channel. As ...

  12. Unlocking the potential of small and medium sized enterprises in West Africa : a path for reform and action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thiam, Ibrahima

    2007-01-01

    Small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) have proven their dynamism in West Africa. They are perceived by policy makers as an important reservoir for growth. The African Development Bank considers they represent over 90 ...

  13. Paternalism and Law: The micropolitics of farm workers’ evictions and rural activism in the Western Cape of South Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nolan, Pauline J

    2008-01-01

    This thesis deals with the micro-politics of farm workers’ evictions. It documents farm workers’ narratives of the processes of eviction and displacement from farms in the Western Cape of South Africa. It analyses farm ...

  14. Constructing Ambiguous Identities: Negotiating Race, Respect and Social Change in 'Coloured' Schools in Cape Town, South Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammett, Daniel P

    2007-11-28

    South African social relations in the second decade of democracy remain framed by race. Spatial and social lived realities, the continued importance of belonging – to feel part of a community, mean that identifying as ‘coloured’ in South Africa...

  15. Contesting citizenship: Civil society struggles over livelihood and educational access in coastal settlements of the Western Cape, South Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petersen, Carolyn

    2008-01-01

    This thesis examines how citizenship is being contested in post-apartheid South Africa through civil society struggles over livelihood and educational access in coastal settlements of the Western Cape. It contends that ...

  16. Africa N. of visitors Asia N. of visitors Latin America N. of visitors Algeria 109 India 348 Brazil 131

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    India 348 Brazil 131 Nigeria 86 Iran 150 Argentina 78 Egypt 66 China 137 Colombia 71 South Africa 63 - CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS (CMSP) ! 2 - MATHEMATICS (Math)! 1 - High Energy Physics (HECAP) ! 1 - Physics

  17. A comparison of Mexico's Border Industry Program with the Border Industry Program of South Africa and its Bantu homelands 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Notzon, Brian Anthony

    1973-01-01

    A COMPARISON OF MEXICO'S BORDER INDUSTRY PROGRAM WITH THE BORDER INDUSTRY PROGRAM OF SOUTH AFRICA AND ITS BANTU HOMELANDS A Thesis by BRIAN ANTHONY NOTZON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1973 Ma)or Sub)ect: Economics A COMPARISON OP MEXICO'S BORDER INDUSTRY PROGRAM WITH THE BORDER INDUSTRY PROGRAM OF SOUTH AFRICA AND ITS BANTU HOMELANDS A Thesis by BRIAN ANTHONY NOTZON Approved...

  18. Some aspects of nutrient utilization by Burchell's zebra (Equus burchelli bohmi Matschie) in the Serengeti-Mara region, East Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gogan, Peter John Patrick

    1973-01-01

    . Locations of observations on zebra feeding behavior and activity patterns (stippled) in the Serengeti-Mara region, East Africa. 26 binoculars (7 x 35) or a variable 20 ? 60 power spotting scope were used to facilitate work. 2ebra activities were...SOME ASPECTS OF NUTRIENT UTILIZATION BY BURCHELL'S ZEBRA (EOUUS BURCHELLI BOHMI MATSCHIE) IN THE SERENGETI-MARA REGION, EAST AFRICA A Thesis by PETER JOHN PATRICK GOGAN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial...

  19. Ecology and geography of avian influenza (HPAI H5N1) transmission in the Middle East and northeastern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Richard A.J.; Peterson, A. Townsend

    2009-07-20

    2), although not without exceptions. In other words, in general, models based on known HPAI- their environmental attributes. The details of these test results follow. Predictivity across study region The model based on all OIE points showed...- fying the poultry industry of North Africa and the Middle East [19]. Regional projection across the Middle East and northeastern Africa of HPAI-H5N1 ecological niche model results based on all OIE case occurrence pointsFigure 2 Regional projection across...

  20. An analysis of markets for small-scale, advanced coal-combustion technology in Spain, Italy, and Turkey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Placet, M.; Gerry, P.A.; Kenski, D.M.; Kern, D.M.; Nehring, J.L.; Szpunar, C.B.

    1989-09-01

    This report discusses the examination of potential overseas markets for using small-scale, US-developed, advanced coal-combustion technologies (ACTs). In previous work, member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) were rated on their potential for using ACTs through a comprehensive screening methodology. The three most promising OECD markets were found to be Spain, Italy, and Turkey. This report provides in-depth analyses of these three selected countries. First, it addresses changes in the European Community with particular reference to the 1992 restructuring and its potential effect on the energy situation in Europe, specifically in the three subject countries. It presents individual country studies that examine demographics, economics, building infrastructures, and energy-related factors. Potential niches for ACTs are explored for each country through regional analyses. Marketing channels, strategies, and the trading environments in each country are also discussed. The information gathered indicates that Turkey is a most promising market, Spain is a fairly promising market, and Italy appears to be a somewhat limited market for US ACTs. 76 refs., 16 figs., 14 tabs.

  1. Linking Climate to Incidence of Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (L. major) in Pre-Saharan North Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bounoua, Lahouari; Kahime, Kholoud; Houti, Leila; Blakey, Tara; Ebi, Kristie L.; Zhang, Ping; Imhoff, Marc L.; Thome, Kurtis; Dudek, Claire; Sahabi, Salah A.; Messouli, Mohammed; Makhlouf, Baghdad; EI Laamrani, Abderahmane; Boumezzough, Ali

    2013-08-20

    Shifts in surface climate may have changed the dynamic of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) in the pre-Saharan zones of North Africa. Caused by Leishmania major, this form multiplies in the body of rodents serving as reservoirs of the disease. The parasite is then transmitted to human hosts by the bite of a Phlebotomine sand fly (Diptera: Psychodidae) that was previously fed by biting an infected reservoir. We examine the seasonal and interannual dynamics of the incidence of this ZCL as a function of surface climate indicators in two regions covering a large area of the semi-arid Pre-Saharan North Africa. Results suggest that in this area, changes in climate may have initiated a trophic cascade that resulted in an increase in ZCL incidence.

  2. PUBLICLECTURE Thursday 6 December 2012 5.30 6.30pm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    , and the impact of agricultural research on poverty. She has conducted field work in Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka publications, including Collective Action and Property Rights for Poverty Reduction: Insights from Africa

  3. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1981

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGrew, H.J.

    1982-11-01

    Exploratory activity in central and southern Africa continued to grow during 1981. Geophysical operations reached nearly record levels and the number of wells increased markedly. Oil production suffered from the adverse conditions that existed throughout the world and dropped by a significant amount. New Concession acquisitions occurred in several of the countries in northeast Africa. Elsewhere, the operating companies negotiated new concessions and renewed those that were expiring. In several countries where production has been proven, the operators were assigned exploitation concessions. Seismic crews and marine geophysical vessels were active throughout the countries in this area. A total of 365 party-months of work was done to yield 98,035 km of new lines. A moderate amount of 3-D recording was carried out in connection with field development. Some aeromagnetic work was done, principally in northeast Africa and in Mozambique. Forty-four new fields or pools were discovered by drilling 115 new-field wildcat and exploratory wells. These wells accounted for 1,060,254 ft (323,248 m) of hole. Appraisal and development drilling resulted in 321 wells with a total of 2,533,305 ft (772,349 m) of hole drilled. At year end, 25 exploratory wells were under way or resting, and 49 rigs were active in development drilling. Oil production for the year was 691,995,939 bbl, a decrease of nearly 25% from 1980. Nigeria suffered the greatest drop in production; however, increases were achieved in Cameroon, Congo, and Zaire. The cumulative production from this part of Africa passed the 10 billion bbl mark.

  4. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  5. European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Valencia, Spain, 6-10 September 2010, 2DO.2.3 N-TYPE CZ-SILICON SOLAR CELLS WITH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    25th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Valencia, Spain, 6-10 September 2010, 2DO.2.3 N Institute for Solar Energy Research Hamelin (ISFH), Am Ohrberg 1, 31860 Emmerthal, Germany 2 centrotherm stack to the screen-printed Al-p+ emitter surface of our solar cells, where we demonstrate a conversion

  6. 25th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Valencia, Spain, 6-10 September 2010, 2CO.4.3 IMPACT OF LATERAL VARIATIONS ON THE SOLAR CELL EFFICIENCY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    yields fundamental solar cell parameters such as the energy conversion efficiency , the open circuit information about one parameter we have no information about its impact on the solar cell energy conversion25th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Valencia, Spain, 6-10 September 2010, 2CO.4

  7. Africa - Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy Poverty and

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewablesAfrica - CCS

  8. A sensitivity study of climate and energy balance simulations with use of satellite-derived emissivity data over Northern Africa and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Liming

    -derived emissivity data over Northern Africa and the Arabian Peninsula L. Zhou,1 R. E. Dickinson,1 Y. Tian,1 M. Jin,2 and energy balance to changes in soil emissivity over Northern Africa and the Arabian Peninsula and considers how this information may be used to improve emissivity parameterizations in climate models. Analysis

  9. Rock doughnut and pothole structures of the Clarens Fm. Sandstone in the Karoo Basin, South Africa: Possible links to Lower Jurassic fluid seepage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Svensen, Henrik

    Rock doughnut and pothole structures of the Clarens Fm. Sandstone in the Karoo Basin, South Africa Morphology Process origins Clarens Fm. Sandstone South Africa has a wealth of sandstone landforms, yet many potholes (mean=37.8; n=150) and surrounding sandstone platform (mean=39.7; n=250). The petrography

  10. International Conference Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation SRI `94

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-10-01

    This report contains abstracts for the international conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation at Brookhaven National Laboratory.

  11. SRI International Discovery of Photocatalysts for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    technological paths .....but the future will be hydrogen fuel cells." Herman Kuipers, Manager of Exploratory ­ Tightly controlled size ­ High chemical purity ­ Oxide, sulfide, nitride, metal, phosphate, carbide

  12. www.igert.neu.edu SRI SRIDHAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sridhar, Srinivas

    Fonseca ARTISTS CONCEPTIONS OF A FANTASTIC FUTURE FOR NANOMEDICINE NANOBOTS TO CLEAN ARTERIES NANOHUMVEES

  13. IPT SRI Cogeneration Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA JumpDuimen RiverScoringUtilities CommEnergy,INTA JumpIPM Eagle

  14. Sri Jayalakshmi Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfin JumpOpenColorado)SpiderSreyas Corporate Concepts

  15. Sri Lanka: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEurope GmbHSoloPage Edit withSpionSquaw Valley,Transport

  16. Office +27 (0) 21 424 5351 Fax +27 (0) 21 423 4819 Email attorneys@fidfund.co.za Website www.fidfund.co.za Physical 5th Floor, Waalburg Building, 28 Wale Street, Cape Town, 8001, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    .fidfund.co.za Physical 5th Floor, Waalburg Building, 28 Wale Street, Cape Town, 8001, South Africa Postal P O Box 3062, Cape Town, 8000, South Africa Docex Docex 154, Cape Town B M Molefe (Chief Executive Officer), A M oorr ee--mmaaiilleedd aapppplliiccaattiioonn ffoorrmmss.. Yours faithfully MR S. AFRICA BURSARY CO

  17. Diabat L., Remund J., Wald L., 2003. Linke turbidity factors for several sites in Africa. Solar Energy, 75, 2, 111-119. Copyright UFAE Meteotest -Ecole des Mines de Paris Armines 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Diabaté L., Remund J., Wald L., 2003. Linke turbidity factors for several sites in Africa. Solar are of importance in Africa and are evidenced by regional policies and international projects (e.g., Agrhymet FACTORS FOR SEVERAL SITES IN AFRICA Diabaté L. (1), Remund J. (2), Wald L. (3) (1) UFAE / GCMI, BP E4018

  18. Ecology and geography of avian influenza (HPAI H5N1) transmission in the Middle East and northeastern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Richard A.J.; Peterson, A. Townsend

    2009-07-20

    2), although not without exceptions. In other words, in general, models based on known HPAI- their environmental attributes. The details of these test results follow. Predictivity across study region The model based on all OIE points showed...- fying the poultry industry of North Africa and the Middle East [19]. Regional projection across the Middle East and northeastern Africa of HPAI-H5N1 ecological nich model results b ed on all OIE case occurr nce pointsFigure 2 Regional projection across...

  19. The importance of context in delivering effective EIA: Case studies from East Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marara, Madeleine; Okello, Nick; Kuhanwa, Zainab; Douven, Wim; Beevers, Lindsay Leentvaar, Jan

    2011-04-15

    This paper reviews and compares the condition of the environmental impact assessment (EIA) system in three countries in the East Africa region: Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania. The criteria used for the evaluation and the comparison of each system are based on the elements of the legal, administrative and procedural frameworks, as well as the context in which they operate. These criteria are adapted from the evaluation and quality control criteria derived from a number of literature sources. The study reveals that the EIA systems of Kenya and Tanzania are at a similar stage in their development. The two countries, the first to introduce the EIA concept into their jurisdiction in this part of Africa, therefore have more experience than Rwanda in the practice of environmental impact assessment, where the legislation and process requires more time to mature both from the governmental and societal perspective. The analysis of the administrative and procedural frameworks highlights the weakness in the autonomy of the competent authority, in all three countries. Finally a major finding of this study is that the contextual set up i.e. the socio-economic and political situation plays an important role in the performance of an EIA system. The context in developing countries is very different from developed countries where the EIA concept originates. Interpreting EIA conditions in countries like Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania requires that the analysis for determining the effectiveness of their systems should be undertaken within a relevant framework, taking into account the specific requirements of those countries.

  20. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

    1988-10-01

    Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

  1. The 846 nm A' 32; +X 3Z; band system of jet-cooled V, Eileen M. Spain, Jane M. Behm,a) and Michael D. Morse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morse, Michael D.

    The 846 nm A' 32; +X 3Z; band system of jet-cooled V, Eileen M. Spain, Jane M. Behm,a) and Michael October 1991; accepted 4 November 1991) The 846 nm band system of jet-cooled 5'V2 has been recorded using resonant two-photon ionization spectroscopy, and is assigned as the A '38; +X `2; band system. Both the w

  2. Energy access scenarios to 2030 for the power sector in sub-Saharan Africa Morgan Bazilian a,*, Patrick Nussbaumer a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    The World Bank, Washington DC, USA e International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxemberg Energy access Power system planning Electricity scenarios a b s t r a c t In order to reach a goal of universal access to modern energy services in Africa by 2030, consideration of various electricity sector

  3. Revista de Cincias Agrrias, 23 (3-4): 120-138, 2000 AZOLLA AS A BIOFERTILISER IN AFRICA. A CHALLENGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrapiço, Francisco

    , agriculture is the most important sector of economy and it employs 75 % of the labour force. The dwelling agriculture, without the risk of problems associated with the adverse effects of chemical fertilisers on long Agriculture is the most important sector of economy in Africa and it employs 75 % of the labour force

  4. A New Canker Disease of Apple, Pear, and Plum Rootstocks Caused by Diaporthe ambigua in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A New Canker Disease of Apple, Pear, and Plum Rootstocks Caused by Diaporthe ambigua in South., Wingfield. B. D.. Wingfield. M. 1., and Calitz. F. J. 1996. A new canker disease of apple. pear, and plum was found to be the c:J.useof a newly recognized disease of apple. pear, and plum rootstocks in South Africa

  5. The Eucalyptus gall wasp,Leptocybe invasa,is the most recently introduced Eucalyptus pest in South Africa.Its

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    15 The Eucalyptus gall wasp,Leptocybe invasa,is the most recently introduced Eucalyptus pest forestry pests in South Africa,there appears to be genetically-based host resistance to the Eucalyptus gall to develop tools for screening Eucalyptus material. This study clearly showed the dramatic differences

  6. Energy access scenarios to 2030 for the power sector in sub-Saharan Africa Morgan Bazilian a,*, Patrick Nussbaumer a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    , Austria b International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria c The Energy Center, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana dDiscussion Energy access scenarios to 2030 for the power sector in sub-Saharan Africa Morgan, Austria f KTH Technical University, Stockholm, Sweden g African Union Commission, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia h

  7. Two orders of teleost fish, the Gymnotiformes from South America and the Mormyroidei in Africa, have independently

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoddard, Philip

    Two orders of teleost fish, the Gymnotiformes from South America and the Mormyroidei in Africa flowing through sensory electroreceptor organs in the fish's skin. Electric fish can locate and identify been made in studies of electric fish and the central neurophysiology of electrosensory systems

  8. STRATIGRAPHY OF THE PORT NOLLOTH GROUP OF NAMIBIA AND SOUTH AFRICA AND IMPLICATIONS FOR THE AGE OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrag, Daniel

    STRATIGRAPHY OF THE PORT NOLLOTH GROUP OF NAMIBIA AND SOUTH AFRICA AND IMPLICATIONS FOR THE AGE, 2000; Frimmel, 2008). The most recent review of the stratigraphy of the PNG concludes that the Kaigas be compro- mised by complexities in the stratigraphy of glacial deposits: lateral facies changes

  9. Roof-top solar energy potential under performance-based building energy codes: The case of Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Izquierdo, Salvador; Montanes, Carlos; Dopazo, Cesar; Fueyo, Norberto [Fluid Mechanics Group, University of Zaragoza and LITEC (CSIC), Maria de Luna 3, 50018 Zaragoza (Spain)

    2011-01-15

    The quantification at regional level of the amount of energy (for thermal uses and for electricity) that can be generated by using solar systems in buildings is hindered by the availability of data for roof area estimation. In this note, we build on an existing geo-referenced method for determining available roof area for solar facilities in Spain to produce a quantitative picture of the likely limits of roof-top solar energy. The installation of solar hot water systems (SHWS) and photovoltaic systems (PV) is considered. After satisfying up to 70% (if possible) of the service hot water demand in every municipality, PV systems are installed in the remaining roof area. Results show that, applying this performance-based criterion, SHWS would contribute up to 1662 ktoe/y of primary energy (or 68.5% of the total thermal-energy demand for service hot water), while PV systems would provide 10 T W h/y of electricity (or 4.0% of the total electricity demand). (author)

  10. Radar-based dynamic testing of the cable-suspended bridge crossing the Ebro River at Amposta, Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gentile, Carmelo [Politecnico di Milano, Dept. of Architecture, Built environment and Construction engineering (ABC), Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milan (Italy); Luzi, Guido [Centre Tecnòlogic de Telecomunicacions de Catalunya (CTTC), Division of Geomatics, Av. Gauss, 7 E-08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona) (Spain)

    2014-05-27

    Microwave remote sensing is the most recent experimental methodology suitable to the non-contact measurement of deflections on large structures, in static or dynamic conditions. After a brief description of the radar measurement system, the paper addresses the application of microwave remote sensing to ambient vibration testing of a cable-suspended bridge. The investigated bridge crosses the Ebro River at Amposta, Spain and consists of two steel stiffening trusses and a series of equally spaced steel floor beams; the main span is supported by inclined stay cables and two series of 8 suspension cables. The dynamic tests were performed in operational conditions, with the sensor being placed in two different positions so that the response of both the steel deck and the arrays of suspension elements was measured. The experimental investigation confirms the simplicity of use of the radar and the accuracy of the results provided by the microwave remote sensing as well as the issues often met in the clear localization of measurement points.

  11. Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy Poverty and Avoid GHG Emissions in Africa (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cowlin, S.; Heimiller, D.; Bilello, D.; Renne, D.

    2008-10-01

    Approximately 1.6 billion people worldwide do not have access to electricity, and roughly 2.4 billion people rely on traditional biomass fuels to meet their heating and cooking needs. Lack of access to and use of energy - or energy poverty - has been recognized as a barrier to reaching the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and other targeted efforts to improve health and quality of life. Reducing reliance on traditional biomass can substantially reduce indoor air pollution-related morbidity and mortality; increasing access to lighting and refrigeration can improve educational and economic opportunities. Though targeted electrification efforts have had success within Latin America and East Asia (reaching electrification rates above 85%), sub-Saharan Africa has maintained electrification rates below 25% (IEA 2004).

  12. Mitigation Options in Forestry, Land-Use, Change and Biomass Burning in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makundi, Willy R.

    1998-06-01

    Mitigation options to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and sequester carbon in land use sectors are describe in some detail. The paper highlights those options in the forestry sector, which are more relevant to different parts of Africa. It briefly outlines a bottom-up methodological framework for comprehensively assessing mitigation options in land use sectors. This method emphasizes the application of end-use demand projections to construct a baseline and mitigation scenarios and explicitly addresses the carbon storage potential on land and in wood products, as well as use of wood to substitute for fossil fuels. Cost-effectiveness indicators for ranking mitigation options are proposed, including those, which account for non-carbon monetary benefits such as those derived from forest products, as well as opportunity cost of pursuing specific mitigation option. The paper finally surveys the likely policies, barriers and incentives to implement such mitigation options in African countries .

  13. Mapping population vulnerability and climate change in Africa David Lopez-Carr1, Narcisa G. Pricope2, Marta M. Jankowska3, Christopher Funk4, Gregory Husak1 and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    Mapping population vulnerability and climate change in Africa David Lopez-Carr1, Narcisa G. Pricope, and environmental degradation reduce adaptive capacity (Bremner, Lopez-Carr et al. 2010). In such a volatile context

  14. Seismic interpretation and regional geologic correlation established for offshore Togo, West Africa: a preliminary evaluation of hydrocarbon potential in deep water 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Max Daniel

    2001-01-01

    Offshore Togo, West Africa provides exciting potential for hydrocarbon exploration. Previous exploration is limited to four wells, drilled prior to 1986 in shallow water. This investigation focuses on a 625 km² section of 3100 km² of high quality...

  15. Coping with justice, democracy and sustainability. The case of the Dutch food sovereignty movement and its relation to government policy directed at food security in Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brouwer, Sara

    2015-01-01

    out in which respects (if any) the Dutch food sovereignty movement influences, and can influence, Dutch government policy directed at food security in Africa. By means of a critical discourse analysis of policy documents I have first investigated...

  16. Materials collected by the southern branch of the UC Africa Expedition with a report on previously unpublished Plio-Pleistocene fossil localities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monson, Tesla A; Brasil, Marianne F; Hlusko, Leslea J

    2015-01-01

    comprehensive unit. Here we offer a cursory overview of theBuxton Limeworks. We also offer a historical review of theand southern Africa. We offer a brief overview of the

  17. Constructing loss : exploring the traumatic effects of bereavement due to HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis on aid workers in South Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ranjbar, Vania

    2013-07-02

    This thesis aimed to investigate, first, the potentially traumatic effects of AIDS-related bereavement on HIV/AIDS aid workers in South Africa; second, the resources that aid workers utilise in order to cope with their ...

  18. Effectiveness of Patient Adherence Groups as a Model of Care for Stable Patients on Antiretroviral Therapy in Khayelitsha, Cape Town, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernan, Miguel Angel

    Abstract: Background: Innovative models of care are required to cope with the ever-increasing number of patients on antiretroviral therapy in the most affected countries. This study, in Khayelitsha, South Africa, evaluates ...

  19. The 'New Model' Armies of Africa?: The British Military Advisory and Training Team and the Creation of the Zimbabwe National Army 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitaker, Blake

    2014-03-05

    The British Army provided military assistance missions for friendly nations throughout the 20th century. The majority deployed to Africa during the decolonization process. By 1980 London had thirty-five years of institutional knowledge on how...

  20. Characterization of U/Pu Particles Originating From the Nuclear Weapon Accidents at Palomares, Spain, 1966 And Thule, Greenland, 1968

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lind, O.C.; Salbu, B.; Janssens, K.; Proost, K.; Garcia-Leon, M.; Garcia-Tenorio, R.

    2007-07-10

    Following the USAF B-52 bomber accidents at Palomares, Spain in 1966 and at Thule, Greenland in 1968, radioactive particles containing uranium (U) and plutonium (Pu) were dispersed into the environment. To improve long-term environmental impact assessments for the contaminated ecosystems, particles from the two sites have been isolated and characterized with respect to properties influencing particle weathering rates. Low [239]Pu/[235]U (0.62-0.78) and [240]Pu/[239]Pu (0.055-0.061) atom ratios in individual particles from both sites obtained by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) show that the particles contain highly enriched U and weapon-grade Pu. Furthermore, results from electron microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX) and synchrotron radiation (SR) based micrometer-scale X-ray fluorescence ({micro}-XRF) 2D mapping demonstrated that U and Pu coexist throughout the 1-50 {micro}m sized particles, while surface heterogeneities were observed in EDX line scans. SR-based micrometer-scale X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure Spectroscopy ({micro}-XANES) showed that the particles consisted of an oxide mixture of U (predominately UO[2] with the presence ofU[3][8]) and Pu ((III)/(IV), (V)/(V) or (III), (IV) and (V)). Neither metallic U or Pu nor uranyl or Pu(VI) could be observed. Characteristics such as elemental distributions, morphology and oxidation states are remarkably similar for the Palomares and Thule particles, reflecting that they originate from similar source and release scenarios. Thus, these particle characteristics are more dependent on the original material from which the particles are derived (source) and the formation of particles (release scenario) than the environmental conditions to which the particles have been exposed since the late 1960s.

  1. Part 810-ASSISTANCE TO FOREIGN ATOMIC ENERGY ACTIVITIES Sec.

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Sweden Switzerland Taiwan Turkey Ukraine (Refer to 810.14 for specific information and requirements) United Arab...

  2. World Institute for Nuclear Security Workshop at Y-12 Brings...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lithuania, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, South Africa, Spain, Taiwan, The Netherlands, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom and the United States...

  3. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01

    Denmark, Estonia, Spain, Finland, France, Great Britain,ties Croatia Algeria Finland Sweden Latvia Czech RepublicRep. South Africa (Union of) Finland Korea Mexico Bangladesh

  4. A review of "An Intrepid Scott: William Lithgow of Lanark's Travels in the Ottoman Lands, North Africa, and Central Europe, 1609 - 21" by Clifford Edmund Bosworth 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aune, M. G.

    2008-01-01

    most appropriately be found in Friends? meeting houses, rather than on the shelves of university libraries. Clifford Edmund Bosworth. An Intrepid Scot: William Lithgow of Lanark?s Travels in the Ottoman Lands, North Africa, and Central Europe, 1609... and early 20th centuries in particular saw a renewed interest in early modern travel writing. Scholarly attention, especially in the writings of the Middle East, Asia, and North Africa, also increased after mid-century. Michael Strachan produced an elegant...

  5. The Effects of Tillage, Cropping and Fertilization on Extractable Soil Nutrients in Four Agro-Ecosystems in Ghana, West Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davies, Benjamin

    2014-08-10

    and low in fertility due to general overuse, erosion and leaching of nutrients (Breman et al., 2001; Drechsel et al., 2001). In addition, rapid population growth along with inappropriate land use, poor management and lack of nutrient inputs have led... and increased nutrient toxicities due to the increasing intensity of cultivation resulting in soils susceptibility to leaching nutrients along with a high risk of erosion and overall low fertility. Traditional farming practices in Africa are characterized...

  6. Muslim oil and gas periphery; the future of hydrocarbons in Africa, southeast Asia and the Caspian. Master`s thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crockett, B.D.

    1997-12-01

    This thesis is a study of the contemporary political, economic, and technical developments and future prospects of the Muslim hydrocarbon exporters of Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Caspian. The established Muslim oil and gas periphery of Africa and Southeast Asia has four members in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and is systemically increasing its production of natural gas. I analyze US government and corporate policies regarding the countries and the major dilemmas of the Muslim hydrocarbon periphery. The first chapter provides a selective overview of global energy source statistics; the policies, disposition and composition of the major hydrocarbon production and consumption players and communities; a selective background of OPEC and its impact on the globe; and a general portrait of how the Muslim periphery piece fits into the overall Muslim oil and gas puzzle. Chapter two analyzes the established Muslim oil and gas periphery of Africa and Southeast Asia asking the following questions: What are the major political, economic, and technical trends and dilemmas affecting these producer nations. And what are the United States` policies and relationships with these producers. Chapter three asks the same questions as chapter two, but with regard to the newly independent states of the Caspian Sea. I probe the regional petroleum exploration and transportation dilemmas in some detail.

  7. Patterns of Practice of Palliative Radiotherapy in Africa, Part 1: Bone and Brain Metastases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharma, Vinay Gaye, Papa Macoumba M.Med.; Wahab, Sherif Abdel; Ndlovu, Ntokozo; Ngoma, Twalib; Vanderpuye, Verna; Sowunmi, Anthonia; Kigula-Mugambe, Joseph; Jeremic, Branislav

    2008-03-15

    Purpose: To provide data on the pattern of practice of palliative radiotherapy (RT) on the African continent. Methods and Materials: A questionnaire was distributed to participants in a regional training course of the International Atomic Energy Agency in palliative cancer care and sent by e-mail to other institutions in Africa. Requested information included both infrastructure and human resources available and the pattern of RT practice for metastatic and locally advanced cancers. Results: Of 35 centers contacted, 24 (68%) completed the questionnaire. Although RT is used by most centers for most metastatic cancers, liver and lung metastases are treated with chemotherapy. Of 23 centers, 14 (61%) had a single RT regimen as an institutional policy for treating painful bone metastases, but only 5 centers (23%) of 23 used 8 Gy in 1 fraction. Brain metastases were being treated by RT to the whole brain to 30 Gy in 10 fractions, either exclusively (n = 13, 56%) or in addition to the use of 20 Gy in 5 fractions (n = 3, 14%). Conclusion: Radiotherapy is a major component of treatment of cancer patients in African countries. There is consensus among few centers for treatment schedules for almost all sites regarding time and dose-fractionation characteristics of RT regimens used and/or indications for the use of RT in this setting.

  8. NREL Response to the Report 'Study of the Effects on Employment of Public Aid to Renewable Energy Sources' from King Juan Carlos University (Spain) (White Paper)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lantz, E.; Tegen, S.

    2009-08-01

    Job generation has been a part of the national dialogue surrounding energy policy and renewable energy (RE) for many years. RE advocates tout the ability of renewable energy to support new job opportunities in rural America and the manufacturing sector. Others argue that spending on renewable energy is an inefficient allocation of resources and can result in job losses in the broader economy. The report, Study of the Effects on Employment of Public Aid to Renewable Energy Sources, from King Juan Carlos University in Spain, is one recent addition to this debate. This report asserts that, on average, every renewable energy job in Spain 'destroyed' 2.2 jobs in the broader Spanish economy. The authors also apply this ratio to the U.S. context to estimate expected job loss from renewable energy development and policy in the United States. This memo discusses fundamental and technical limitations of the analysis by King Juan Carlos University and notes critical assumptions implicit in the ultimate conclusions of their work. The memo also includes a review of traditional employment impact analyses that rely on accepted, peer-reviewed methodologies, and it highlights specific variables that can significantly influence the results of traditional employment impact analysis.

  9. Ernest Lawson's Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eldredge, Charles C.

    2003-09-01

    . Albert L. Reeves Jr. 5 Ernest Lawson, On the Harlem, ca. 1910. Oil, 30 x 40 in. Nelson- Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Albert R. Jones Brooklyn Bridge. Lawson was especially drawn to the northern part of Manhattan; the High...

  10. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGrew, H.J.

    1984-10-01

    All exploratory activity in central and southern Africa decreased in 1983, reflecting world economic conditions and excess productive capacity. Seismic activity has declined sharply from its peak year of 1981. Land operations suffered the greatest drop in 1983, whereas party-months of marine work increased slightly. 3-D recording continued to be used but at a reduced rate compared with 1982. Large aeromagnetic surveys were made in several countries; however, the coverage was less than in 1982. Gravity continues to be used to supplement other geophysical work, but other exploratory techniques are being used infrequently. Total wells drilled dropped from 464 in 1982 to 387 in 1983. Most of the decline was in exploratory drilling, which dropped from 132 to 86 wells. This was reflected in the number of discoveries, which decreased from 48 to 27 while the success rate continued about the same. Development drilling continued at a high level in Cameroon and Congo, whereas in Nigeria the emphasis shifted to the drilling of appraisal wells. In all, 2,937,708 ft (895,643 m) of hole was drilled, a decrease of about 20% from 1982. Oil production of 673,075,667 bbl in 1983 was an increase of 1.7% over 1982's production, bringing cumulative production to over 12 billion bbl. Marked increases in production were recorded in Cabinda, Ivory Coast, and Congo. Production from Nigerian fields continued to dominate this part of the world as they contributed about 67% of the annual production and 75% of the cumulative production. 44 figures, 15 tables.

  11. "Diffusion of Innovation: Solar Oven Use in Lesotho (Africa)." Grundy, William and Roy Grundy. Advances in Solar Cooking: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Solar Cooker Use and Technology. Shyam S. Nandwani, ed. July 12-15, 1994.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noble, William Stafford

    "Diffusion of Innovation: Solar Oven Use in Lesotho (Africa)." Grundy, William and Roy Grundy and Technology. Shyam S. Nandwani, ed. July 12-15, 1994. pp. 240-247. 1 DIFFUSION OF INNOVATION: SOLAR OVEN USE of Innovation: Solar Oven Use in Lesotho (Africa)." Grundy, William and Roy Grundy. Advances in Solar Cooking

  12. Updated experience of the first CFB boilers in Spain: HUNOSA`S {open_quotes}La PEREDA{close_quotes} power station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rivero, R.N. [Foster Wheeler Energia, S.A., Madrid (Spain); Garcia, J.P. [HUNOSA, Mieres, Asturias (Spain)

    1995-12-31

    HUNOSA`s {open_quotes}La Pereda{close_quotes} cogeneration facility is equipped with a Foster Wheeler circulating fluidized bed boiler designed to produce 185000 Kg/h (407850 lb/hr) of superheated steam to generate 50 MW of electricity, HUNOSA, a Spanish public mining company, uses a fuel mixture of 65% culm waste and 35% run off mine coal with a High Heating Value as low as 8700 Kj/Kg (3740 BTU/lb), and an ash content as high as 65%. The efficient and clean use of such a waste fuel, which is a subproduct of the company`s mining activity, is attempted by the first time in Spain, and was possible by using a circulating fluid bed (CFB) boiler which takes advantage of Foster Wheeler previous experience firing waste fuels of this type. This paper summarizes La Pereda`s CFB boiler main design characteristics and describes the results attained during its first year and a half of operation. This project was partially financed by the European Community, as well as by another Spanish official entities. It is the first industrial installation in operation with a circulating fluidized bed boiler in Spain and will serve as a basis to develop an important program of waste fuel valorization and environmental regeneration by using low grade energy resources which were not susceptible of being used up to now. The authors believe that the case described might be of interest to other mining companies and in general, to all those considering the potential use of waste fuels of this type for steam and electricity generation.

  13. Envisioning Transnational American Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fishkin, Shelley Fisher

    2015-01-01

    Germany, Georgia, Iran, Japan, Korea, the Netherlands, Poland, South Africa, Taiwan, Tunisia, Turkey,Germany, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Lebanon, Morocco, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Russia, Spain, Taiwan, Turkey,Germany, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Japan, Lebanon, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Turkey,

  14. An extended abstract of this paper is published in the proceedings of the 7th International Con-ference on Cryptology in Africa Africacrypt 2014.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    - ference on Cryptology in Africa ­ Africacrypt 2014. A Second Look at Fischlin's Transformation ¨Ozg. Fischlin's transformation is an alternative to the standard Fiat-Shamir transform to turn a certain class of public key identification schemes into digital signatures (in the random oracle model). We show

  15. Diamond origin and genesis: A C and N stable isotope study on diamonds from a single eclogitic xenolith (Kaalvallei, South Africa)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cartigny, Pierre

    aggregation state of 35 diamonds in a single eclogite xenolith from the Kaalvallei kimberlite in South Africa, and are positively correlated with nitrogen aggregation states which vary from 11.5% to 43.7% of IaB defects with diamond formation from recycled (crustal) material which is enriched in 15 N (i.e. positive 15 N

  16. Economic Development of Africa -WS10/11 Lecture: Wednesday, 08.00 10.00, Theologicum -T0.132

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    1 Economic Development of Africa - WS10/11 Lecture: Wednesday, 08.00 ­ 10.00, Theologicum - T0.207 Consultation: Mi: 10-12 Phone: 39-8175 k.harttgen@wiwi.uni-goettingen.de Tutorial: Ma, Int. Economics Nicole the economic impact of the slave trade and the colonial period. In the second part, the focus

  17. Improved Model of Isoprene Emissions in Africa using Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) Satellite Observations of Formaldehyde: Implications for Oxidants and Particulate Matter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marais, E. A.; Jacob, D.; Guenther, Alex B.; Chance, K.; Kurosu, T. P.; Murphy, J. G.; Reeves, C. E.; Pye, H.

    2014-08-01

    We use a 2005-2009 record of isoprene emissions over Africa derived from OMI satellite observations of formaldehyde (HCHO) to better understand the factors controlling isoprene emission on the scale of the continent and evaluate the impact of isoprene emissions on atmospheric composition in Africa. OMI-derived isoprene emissions show large seasonality over savannas driven by temperature and leaf area index (LAI), and much weaker seasonality over equatorial forests driven by temperature. The commonly used MEGAN (version 2.1) global 31 isoprene emission model reproduces this seasonality but is biased high, particularly for 32 equatorial forests, when compared to OMI and relaxed-eddy accumulation measurements. 33 Isoprene emissions in MEGAN are computed as the product of an emission factor Eo, LAI, and 34 activity factors dependent on environmental variables. We use the OMI-derived emissions to 35 provide improved estimates of Eo that are in good agreement with direct leaf measurements from 36 field campaigns (r = 0.55, bias = -19%). The largest downward corrections to MEGAN Eo values are for equatorial forests and semi-arid environments, and this is consistent with latitudinal transects of isoprene over West Africa from the AMMA aircraft campaign. Total emission of isoprene in Africa is estimated to be 77 Tg C a-1, compared to 104 Tg C a-1 in MEGAN. Simulations with the GEOS-Chem oxidant-aerosol model suggest that isoprene emissions increase mean surface ozone in West Africa by up to 8 ppbv, and particulate matter by up to 1.5 42 ?g m-3, due to coupling with anthropogenic influences.

  18. Seismicity in Central North Africa at low magnitudes: A first look at the TAM event detected data base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harben, P.E.,

    1997-01-01

    Teleseismic observations of seismicity in the central North Africa region show that the region is aseismic. This is true for earthquakes with a body wave magnitude greater than about 4 or so. For earthquakes with body wave magnitudes substantially below about 4, the teleseismic observations of seismicity in the central Sahara are incomplete since smaller earthquakes would probably not be detected and located by the current teleseismic monitoring networks. Only one known open seismic station has been operating in the central Sahara. This is the Tamanrasset (TAM) seismic station in southern Algeria. A simple analysis of data records from this station can be used to determine if the central Sahara is also relatively aseismic at magnitudes substantially below 4. That is the primary purpose of this study.

  19. Air concentrations of /sup 239/Pu and /sup 240/Pu and potential radiation doses to persons living near Pu-contaminated areas in Palomares, Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iranzo, E.; Salvador, S.; Iranzo, C.E.

    1987-04-01

    On 17 January 1966, an accident during a refueling operation resulted in the destruction of an air force KC-135 tanker and a B-52 bomber carrying four thermonuclear weapons. Two weapons, whose parachutes opened, were found intact. The others experienced non-nuclear explosion with some burning and release of the fissile fuel at impact. Joint efforts by the United States and Spain resulted in remedial action and a long-term program to monitor the effectiveness of the cleanup. Air concentrations of /sup 239/Pu and /sup 240/Pu have been continuously monitored since the accident. The average annual air concentration for each location was used to estimate committed dose equivalents for individuals living and working around the air sampling stations. The average annual /sup 239/Pu and /sup 240/Pu air concentrations during the 15-y period corresponding to 1966-1980 and the potential committed dose equivalents for various tissues due to the inhalation of the /sup 239/Pu and /sup 240/Pu average annual air concentration during this period are shown and discussed in the report.

  20. Process Algebra and Non-interference SRI Cambridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doran, Simon J.

    The information security community has long debated the exact defini- tion of the term `security'. Even if we that this central concept in information security is closely re- lated to a central concept of computer science that the information security community has not yet reached a consensus as to the precise meaning on the term `security