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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Seasonal Maize Forecasting for South Africa and Zimbabwe Derived from an Agroclimatological Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seasonal Maize Forecasting for South Africa and Zimbabwe Derived from an Agroclimatological Model, with a hindcast correlation over 16 seasons of 0.92 for South Africa and 0.62 for Zimbabwe. Over 17 seasons and actual maize water-stress in South Africa, and a correlation of 0.79 for the same relationship

Martin, Randall

2

Projected changes of rainfall seasonality and dry spells in a high concentration pathway 21st century scenario  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this diagnostic study we analyze changes of rainfall seasonality and dry spells by the end of the twenty-first century under the most extreme IPCC5 emission scenario (RCP8.5) as projected by twenty-four coupled climate models participating to Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 5. We use estimates of the centroid of the monthly rainfall distribution as an index of the rainfall timing and a threshold-independent, information theory-based quantity such as relative entropy (RE) to quantify the concentration of annual rainfall and the number of dry months and to build a monsoon dimensionless seasonality index (DSI). The RE is projected to increase, with high inter-model agreement over Mediterranean-type regions (southern Europe, northern Africa and southern Australia) and areas of South and Central America, implying an increase in the number of dry days up to one month by the end of the twenty-first century. Positive RE changes are also projected over the monsoon regions of southern Africa and North America,...

Pascale, Salvatore; Feng, Xue; Porporato, Amilcare; Hasson, Shabeh ul

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Drying Clothes and Saving Money this Fall Season | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Drying Clothes and Saving Money this Fall Season Drying Clothes and Saving Money this Fall Season Drying Clothes and Saving Money this Fall Season November 8, 2012 - 3:16pm Addthis The Environmental Protection Agency estimates that just cleaning the lint screen before each and every load of laundry can save you an average of $34 per year. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/Kameleon007 The Environmental Protection Agency estimates that just cleaning the lint screen before each and every load of laundry can save you an average of $34 per year. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/Kameleon007 Jason Lutterman Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy What are the key facts? Even after cleaning out your lint screen, there are other ways to make sure that your clothes dryer is running as efficiently as possible.

4

West Africa prepares for busy season. [Petroleum exploration in West Africa  

SciTech Connect

Although there has been a decrease in oil prices, activity along coastal West Africa has tended to increase, with emphasis on field development and production. Because of a world-wide surplus of petroleum, Nigeria has had to cut production by more than half and offshore operations have been affected also. Off the coast of Gabon exploration activity has increased with numerous wildcat rigs which are potentially highly productive. Overall production in Gabon has decreased slightly since 1980. The People's Republic of the Congo, on the other hand, has increased productivity due to new successful fields, while in the Angola/Cabinda area new offshore programs are forming. Production and exploration increases are also expected for Ghana, Zaire, Cameroon, and South Africa. (JBF)

Not Available

1982-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

5

Relationship between Use Value and Ecological Importance of Floristic Resources of Seasonally Dry Tropical Forest in the Balsas River Basin, Mxico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Relationship between Use Value and Ecological Importance of Floristic Resources of Seasonally Dry Tropical Forest in the Balsas River Basin, Mxico. The use of seasonally dry tropical forest in t...

Belinda Maldonado; Javier Caballero; Alfonso Delgado-Salinas

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Seasonal Drought in the Greater Horn of Africa and Its Recent Increase during the MarchMay Long Rains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper provides a review of atmospheric circulation and sea surface temperature (SST) conditions that are associated with meteorological drought on the seasonal time scale in the Greater Horn of Africa (the region 10S15N, 3052E). New ...

Bradfield Lyon

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

2010 Dry and 2009 - 2010 Wet Season Branchiopod Survey Report, Site 300  

SciTech Connect

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) requested that Condor Country Consulting, Inc. (CCCI) perform wet season surveys and manage the dry season sampling for listed branchiopods in two ponded locations within the Site 300 Experimental Test Site. Site 300 is located in Alameda and San Joaquin Counties, located between the Cities of Livermore and Tracy. The two pool locations have been identified for possible amphibian enhancement activities in support of the Compensation Plan for impacts tied to the Building 850 soil clean-up project. The Building 850 project design resulted in formal consultation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) as an amendment (File 81420-2009-F-0235) to the site-wide Biological Opinion (BO) (File 1-1-02-F-0062) in the spring of 2009 and requires mitigation for the California tiger salamander (AMCA, Ambystoma californiense) and California red-legged frog (CRLF, Rana draytonii) habitat loss. Both pools contain breeding AMCA, but do not produce metamorphs due to limited hydroperiod. The pool to the southeast (Pool BC-FS-2) is the preferred site for amphibian enhancement activities, and the wetland to northwest (Pool OA-FS-1) is the alternate location for enhancement. However, prior to enhancement, LLNL has been directed by USFWS (BO Conservation Measure 17 iii) to 'conduct USFWS protocol-level branchiopod surveys to determine whether listed brachiopod species are present within the compensation area.' CCCI conducted surveys for listed branchiopods in the 2009-2010 wet season to determine the presence of federally-listed branchiopods at the two pools (previous surveys with negative findings were performed by CCCI in 2001-2002 and 2002-2003 onsite). Surveys were conducted to partially satisfy the survey requirements of the USFWS 'Interim Survey Guidelines to Permittees for Recovery Permits under Section 10(a)(1)(A) of the Endangered Species Act for the Listed Vernal Pool Branchiopods' ('Guidelines, USFWS 1996 and BO Conservation Measure 17 iii). The dry sampling (included as an Appendix D) followed the wet season surveys in the summer of 2010.

Dexter, W

2011-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

8

Elephant seasonal vegetation preferences across dry and wet savannas Scott R. Loarie a,*, Rudi J. van Aarde b  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Elephant seasonal vegetation preferences across dry and wet savannas Scott R. Loarie a,*, Rudi J Accepted 8 August 2009 Available online 6 October 2009 Keywords: African elephants Conservation ecology Land use change Habitat selection a b s t r a c t As African savanna elephants (Loxodonta africana

Pretoria, University of

9

Robust Spring Drying in the Southwestern U.S. and Seasonal Migration of Wet/Dry Patterns in a Warmer Climate  

SciTech Connect

This study compares climate simulations over the United States produced by a regional climate model with the driving global climate simulations as well as a large multi-model ensemble of global climate simulations to investigate robust changes in water availability (precipitation (P) evapotranspiration (E)). A robust spring dry signal across multiple models is identified in the Southwest that results from a decrease in P and an increase in E in the future. In the boreal winter and summer, the prominent changes in P E are associated with a north south dipole pattern, while in spring, the prominent changes in P E appear as an east west dipole pattern. The progression of the north south and east west dipole patterns through the seasons manifests clearly as a seasonal clockwise migration of wet/dry patterns, which is shown to be a robust feature of water availability changes in the US consistent across regional and global climate simulations.

Gao, Yang; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Lu, Jian; Liu, Ying; Huang, Maoyi; Qian, Yun

2014-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

10

TropicalExtratropical Interactions over Southern Africa: Three Cases of Heavy Summer Season Rainfall  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The synoptic evolution of three tropicalextratropical (TE) interactions, each responsible for extreme rainfall events over southern Africa, is discussed in detail. Along with the consideration of previously studied events, common features of ...

N. C. G. Hart; C. J. C. Reason; N. Fauchereau

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

NRF Republic of South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 NRF Republic of South Africa GDRI Project Groupement de Recherche International International Africa called SACCLAP (Seasonal and Annual trends of Air quality at the South Africa scale and its impact Research Consortium Atmospheric Research in Southern Africa and Indian Ocean (ARSAIO) September 2008 #12

Dintrans, Boris

12

The impact of new short season rice varieties on drying and storage of rough rice in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Values are shown below Coefficients) 28 6. The Comparison of Size D stribution of On-farm Drying and Storage Facilities in 1955 and 1965 39 7. The Comparison of Size Distribution of Commercial and Cooperative Drying and Storage Facilities in 1955 and 1965 42..., On-farm and Off-farm, Coast Prairie of Texas, 1955-65 40 5. Comparison of Rice Production and Storage Capacity at State Level, 1955-65 47 6. Comparison of Rice Production and Storage Capacity at Sector Level, 1955-65 51 7. Comparison of Highest...

Bhagia, Gobind Shewakram

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

13

Annual Report: 2010-2011 Storm Season Sampling For NON-DRY DOCK STORMWATER MONITORING FOR PUGET SOUND NAVAL SHIPYARD, BREMERTON, WA  

SciTech Connect

This interim report summarizes the stormwater monitoring conducted for non-dry dock outfalls in both the confined industrial area and the residential areas of Naval Base Kitsap within the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard (referred to as the Shipyard). This includes the collection, analyses, and descriptive statistics for stormwater sampling conducted from November 2010 through April 2011. Seven stormwater basins within the Shipyard were sampled during at least three storm events to characterize non-dry dock stormwater discharges at selected stormwater drains located within the facility. This serves as the Phase I component of the project and Phase II is planned for the 2011-2012 storm season. These data will assist the Navy, USEPA, Ecology and other stakeholders in understanding the nature and condition of stormwater discharges from the Shipyard and inform the permitting process for new outfall discharges. The data from Phase I was compiled with current stormwater data available from the Shipyard, Sinclair/Dyes Inlet watershed, and Puget Sound in order to support technical investigations for the Draft NPDES permit. The permit would require storm event sampling at selected stormwater drains located within the Shipyard. However, the data must be considered on multiple scales to truly understand potential impairments to beneficial uses within Sinclair and Dyes Inlets.

Brandenberger, Jill M.; Metallo, David; Johnston, Robert K.; Gebhardt, Christine; Hsu, Larry

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Airborne measurements of carbonaceous aerosols in southern Africa during  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Airborne measurements of carbonaceous aerosols in southern Africa during Airborne measurements of carbonaceous aerosols in southern Africa during the dry, biomass burning season Title Airborne measurements of carbonaceous aerosols in southern Africa during the dry, biomass burning season Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-50880 Year of Publication 2003 Authors Kirchstetter, Thomas W., Tihomir Novakov, and Peter V. Hobbs Journal Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres Keywords black carbon, evolved gas analysis, light absorption, organic carbon, positive sampling artifact, SAFARI Abstract Particulate matter collected aboard the University of Washington's Convair-580 research aircraft over southern Africa during the dry, biomass burning season was analyzed for total carbon, organic carbon, and black carbon contents using thermal and optical methods. Samples were collected in smoke plumes of burning savanna and in regional haze. A known artifact, produced by the adsorption of organic gases on the quartz filter substrates used to collect the particulate matter samples, comprised a significant portion of the total carbon collected. Consequently, conclusions derived from the data are greatly dependent on whether or not organic carbon concentrations are corrected for this artifact. For example, the estimated aerosol co-albedo (1 - single scattering albedo), which is a measure of aerosol absorption, of the biomass smoke samples is 60% larger using corrected organic carbon concentrations. Thus, the corrected data imply that the biomass smoke is 60% more absorbing than do the uncorrected data. The black carbon to (corrected) organic carbon mass ratio (BC/OC) of smoke plume samples (0.18±0.06) is lower than that of samples collected in the regional haze (0.25±0.08). The difference may be due to mixing of biomass smoke with background air characterized by a higher BC/OC ratio. A simple source apportionment indicates that biomass smoke contributes about three-quarters of the aerosol burden in the regional haze, while other sources (e.g., fossil fuel burning) contribute the remainder.

15

Seasonal Landscape Maintenance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seasonal Landscape Maintenance Oklahoma State University, in compliance with Title VI and VII State University's Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture and Oklahoma Cooperative to dry between watering allows plants to develop stronger, deeper roots. However, some landscape plants

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

16

Safe water for Africa (Africa-1000)  

SciTech Connect

Africa-1000 is a program to provide safe water to thousands of villages in Africa. It is a formidable effort and needs the support of the international scientific community. Science and technology is the only hope for a solution of the African crisis. There are vast areas in the Sub-Saharan Africa that have water under the ground but due to lack of electric power, the water cannot be pumped. Thus the land is dry and barren and people are starving. The African continent has abundant renewable energy in the form of solar and wind energy. The technologies are well developed and available in the developed countries. Therefore, the solution is as follows: dig and drill wells and boreholes to reach underground water; install standardized solar or wind driven pumps to bring water to the surface; train village technicians to operate, maintain and repair these energy systems; and replicate these installations in thousands of villages, thus establishing standard water and energy systems across Africa.

Dalton, R. [Dalton (Randy), Richmond, VA (United States); Kashkari, C. [Univ. of Akron, OH (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

17

Understanding Recent Eastern Horn of Africa Rainfall Variability and Change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Observations and sea surface temperature (SST)-forced ECHAM5 simulations are examined to study the seasonal cycle of eastern Africa rainfall and its SST sensitivity during 19792012, focusing on interannual variability and trends. The eastern Horn ...

Brant Liebmann; Martin P. Hoerling; Chris Funk; Ileana Blad; Randall M. Dole; Dave Allured; Xiaowei Quan; Philip Pegion; Jon K. Eischeid

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Cretaceous paleogeography of Africa  

SciTech Connect

Five stage-length maps (Valanginian, Aptian, Cenomanian, Coniacian, and Maestrichtian) of Africa integrate topography/bathymetry, lithofacies, tectonics, and climatically sensitive sediments. These reconstructions differ from currently available maps in their level of detail and accuracy, and in that computer routines were developed to plot all aspects of the maps, including lithofacies patterns. Bathymetric contours were determined from community paleoecology and from thermal subsidence models of the newly opening Atlantic and Indian oceans. Topographic contours have been estimated from uplift models of rift shoulders, as well as from the erosion and sedimentation record of both the internal and marginal basins. The uplift of rift shoulders from Nigeria to Sudan is suggested by the extensive Nubian and equivalent sandstones across north Africa. This Benue-Ngaoundere-Abu Gabra rift system approximately paralleled the paleoequator, and its shoulders must have experienced the high rainfall normally associated with the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ). In fact, these mountains would have served as a high level heat source, and would have pinned the ITCZ to their summits. Such a system tends to reduce seasonal excursions of the ITCZ, and may have influenced the high biological productivity represented by the oil source rocks of the Arabian peninsula. These sources also lie on the equator and could have resulted from a shelf incursion of the equatorial divergence zone, which is controlled by the ITCZ.

Hulver, M.L.; Ziegler, A.M.; Rowley, D.B.; Sahagian, D.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Africa: Prosperous times  

SciTech Connect

Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Seasonal patterns in energy partitioning of two freshwater marsh ecosystems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

). The study period included several wet and dry seasons and variable water levels, allowing us to gain better and affect the magnitude of seasonal change in water levels through water loss as LE (evapotranspiration (ET that produce considerable variation in the hydrologic cycle, affecting nutrient delivery, ecosystem primary

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Africa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa Jump to: navigation, search Select a country above to navigate to that country's page. Additional Categories Countries (53) Programs (288) Tools (33) Back to World Map...

22

West Africa Emerges as Leading Region in Africa for Renewable...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

West Africa Emerges as Leading Region in Africa for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Home > Groups > Clean and Renewable Energy Dc's picture Submitted by Dc(107) Contributor...

23

Central Africa: Global climate change and development. Overview. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

The preliminary study focuses on the six countries of central Africa which contain the largest remaining contiguous block of closed forests in sub-Saharan Africa: Cameroon, Central African Republic, the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and Zaire. The carbon in the vegetation and soils in these moist tropical forests and surrounding seasonal woodlands constitute the greatest potential source of future carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from sub-Saharan Africa. This study also considers the importance of savanna burning, although in less depth since the small savanna area in central Africa precludes this activity from being a large regional source of emissions. Analysis of biogeophysical and socioeconomic issues relevant to global climate change, and research containing both space-based and ground-based components, were undertaken.

Not Available

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

ROYAL SOCIETY OF SOUTH AFRICA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ROYAL SOCIETY OF SOUTH AFRICA http://www.royalsocietysa.org.za ACADEMY OF SCIENCE OF SOUTH AFRICA and distribution of butterflies in the atlas region (South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland), thereby providing-ordinator of Africa's first butterfly atlas, entitled `The metamorphosis of the butterfly atlas' The Southern African

de Villiers, Marienne

25

Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electricity production in South Africa relies heavily onwith about 94% of South Africas electricity generationMarquard, A. (2008). South Africas rapid electrification

Can, Stephane de la Rue du

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Aspects of Solar Drying  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For the economical utilization of solar energy for drying it is necessary to coordinate ... the drying purposes with the specific characteristic of solar radiation /e.g. small power demand;...

L. Imre

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Seasonal thermal energy storage  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the following: (1) the US Department of Energy Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage Program, (2) aquifer thermal energy storage technology, (3) alternative STES technology, (4) foreign studies in seasonal thermal energy storage, and (5) economic assessment.

Allen, R.D.; Kannberg, L.D.; Raymond, J.R.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Livestock Seasonal Price Variation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seasonal price movements can be measured and used to help in marketing livestock. This publication includes 10-year seasonal price indexes for several livestock categories, and explains how to interpret and use the information....

Davis, Ernest E.; Sartwelle III, James D.; Mintert, James R.

1999-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

29

Intertie Open Season  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Improvement (CBPI) Customer Forum Energy Imbalance Market Generator Interconnection Reform Implementation Intertie Initiatives Intertie Open Season Transmission Utilization...

30

Cooking with Dry Beans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E-77 12/08 Cooking with Dry Beans Dry beans are nutritious and inexpensive. They are also very low in fat and sodium. Dry beans are great sources of fiber, folic acid, and protein. Cooked dry beans are also a good source of iron. To get the most... protein from the beans, serve them along with grain foods such as corn, rice or wheat. A serving size of cooked dry beans is ? cup. Uses Use beans as a tasty side dish or include it in casseroles, soups, and salads. Beans are often packaged in 1-pound...

Anding, Jenna

2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

31

THE UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA SOUTH AFRICA ACT, 1909  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA SOUTH AFRICA ACT, 1909 This Act was passed through both Houses of the Imperial Parliament exactly as it was forwarded after the South African Convention was held

Sheridan, Jennifer

32

AfricaAdapt | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AfricaAdapt AfricaAdapt Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Africa Adapt Name Africa Adapt Agency/Company /Organization AfricaAdapt Resource Type Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.africa-adapt.net/AA UN Region Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa References AfricaAdapt[1] Abstract AfricaAdapt is an independent bilingual network (French/English) focused exclusively on Africa. The Network's aim is to facilitate the flow of climate change adaptation knowledge for sustainable livelihoods between researchers, policy makers, civil society organisations and communities who are vulnerable to climate variability and change across the continent. Africa Adapt Screenshot "AfricaAdapt is an independent bilingual network (French/English) focused

33

Ideas Under Arrest: Censorship in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Black Writer in South Africa Today: Problems andDecember 1974): 43. 9 South Africas Censorship Laws, p.of a Creative Writer in South Africa, in Aspects of South

Kunene, Daniel P.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Africa | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa Africa Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. Source U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Date Released July 31st, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Africa direct normal irradiance DNI GEF GHI GIS global horizontal irradiance latitutde tilt irradiance NASA NREL solar SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile and Images (zip, 19.3 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 3.4 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review

35

Cooling Dry Cows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This publication discusses the effects of heat stress on dairy cows, methods of cooling cows, and research on the effects of cooling cows in the dry period....

Stokes, Sandra R.

2000-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

36

Sandia National Laboratories: DRI  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DRI ECIS-Princeton Power Systems, Inc.: Demand Response Inverter On March 19, 2013, in DETL, Distribution Grid Integration, Energy, Energy Surety, Facilities, Grid Integration,...

37

Cooking with Dried Potatoes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes the nutritional value and safe storage of dried potatoes, a commodity food. It also offers food preparation ideas....

Anding, Jenna

2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

38

USAID West Africa Climate Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

West Africa Climate Program West Africa Climate Program Jump to: navigation, search Name USAID West Africa Climate Program Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Forestry, Agriculture Topics Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Ghana, Togo, Benin, Senegal, Niger, Nigeria, Mali, Liberia, Gambia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Sierra Leone, Mauritania, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Cameroon, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Chad, Sao Tome and Principe, Cape Verde Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Middle Africa, Middle Africa, Middle Africa, Middle Africa, Middle Africa, Western Africa

39

Malaria in pregnancy in rural Gabon: a cross-sectional survey on the impact of seasonality in high-risk groups  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Malaria remains one of the most important infectious diseases in pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa. Whereas seasonal malaria chemoprevention is advocated as public health intervention for children in certain areas ...

Mario J Jckle; Christian G Blumentrath; Rella M Zoleko

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Energy conservation in grain (corn) drying with combination high-temperature, low-temperature methods. Final report, July 1, 1978-September 30, 1980  

SciTech Connect

Field drying experiments were carried out during the 1975 through 1978 harvest seasons at the University of Minnesota Rosemount Experiment Station. Several combination drying experiments were conducted each season along with a control (conventional drying) experiment. Based on the results of the field experiments, comparisons of energy requirements for combination and conventional drying were made. Performance of the low-temperature, in-storage phase of combination drying was evaluated using computer simulation. Drying performance using ambient air was compared to performance when small amounts of supplemental heat were added, either solar or constant source heat. Long term weather records were used to evaluate variations in performance from year to year.

Morey, R.V.; Gustafson, R.J.; Cloud, H.A.; Walter, K.L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

6 - Pipeline Drying  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter reviews pipeline dewatering, cleaning, and drying. Dewatering can be a simple process or, if the procedure is not properly planned, a difficult one. Pipelines used to transport crude oil and/or refined products will probably only require removal of the test water before the line is placed in service. If the pipeline will be used to transport materials that must meet a specified dryness requirement, the pipeline will need to be dewatered, cleaned, and dried. Pipelines used to transport natural gas will need some drying, depending on the operating pressure and the location of the line, to prevent the formation of hydrates. Other pipelines may require drying to protect the pipe from internal corrosion caused by the formation of corrosive acids, such as carbonic acid in the case of carbon dioxide pipelines.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Freeze drying apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides methods and apparatus for freeze drying in which a solution, which can be a radioactive salt dissolved within an acid, is frozen into a solid on vertical plates provided within a freeze drying chamber. The solid is sublimated into vapor and condensed in a cold condenser positioned above the freeze drying chamber and connected thereto by a conduit. The vertical positioning of the cold condenser relative to the freeze dryer helps to help prevent substances such as radioactive materials separated from the solution from contaminating the cold condenser. Additionally, the system can be charged with an inert gas to produce a down rush of gas into the freeze drying chamber to also help prevent such substances from contaminating the cold condenser.

Coppa, Nicholas V. (Malvern, PA); Stewart, Paul (Youngstown, NY); Renzi, Ernesto (Youngstown, NY)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Freeze drying method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides methods and apparatus for freeze drying in which a solution, which can be a radioactive salt dissolved within an acid, is frozen into a solid on vertical plates provided within a freeze drying chamber. The solid is sublimated into vapor and condensed in a cold condenser positioned above the freeze drying chamber and connected thereto by a conduit. The vertical positioning of the cold condenser relative to the freeze dryer helps to help prevent substances such as radioactive materials separated from the solution from contaminating the cold condenser. Additionally, the system can be charged with an inert gas to produce a down rush of gas into the freeze drying chamber to also help prevent such substances from contaminating the cold condenser.

Coppa, Nicholas V. (Malvern, PA); Stewart, Paul (Youngstown, NY); Renzi, Ernesto (Youngstown, NY)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Dry Process Electrode Fabrication  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

250m of free standing dry process cathode at thickness >200 m thickness. + Validate cost model by running pilot coating line at >25 mmin. + Deliver 24 cells in A123 SOA EV...

45

Dry Process Electrode Fabrication  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

free standing dry process cathode that retains 50% capacity at 1C rate. + Validate cost model by running pilot coating line. + Deliver 24 cells in SOA EV cell format....

46

Dry Process Electrode Fabrication  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

free standing dry process cathode that retains 50% capacity at 1C rate. + Validate cost model by running pilot coating line. + Deliver 24 cells in SOA EV cell format. 3...

47

Michigan State University Cooperation with South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Michigan State University Cooperation with South Africa: Forty Years of Partnerships African President of South Africa 1994-1999 #12;ii Michigan State University Cooperation with South Africa Table of Contents Introduction: Michigan and MSU Engagement in Africa and South Africa The Beginnings

Liu, Taosheng

48

OSTRICH 2011, 82(3): 175183 Printed in South Africa --All rights reserved  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the hypothesis of resource availability was modified by Ashmole (1963) who incorporated population densities. He is determined by food availa- bility during breeding season relative to population density. For that reasonOSTRICH 2011, 82(3): 175­183 Printed in South Africa -- All rights reserved Ostrich is co

Storch, David

49

Rethinking the Wild Coast, South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rethinking the Wild Coast, South Africa Eco-frontiers vs livelihoods in Pondoland Sylvain Guyot. Introduction to the Wild Coast of the Eastern Cape, South Africa.................... 35 3. TRALSO's involvement in Pondoland, South Africa.................................................... 101 1. Introduction

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

50

Building Strong, Sustainable Energy Partnerships with Africa...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Strong, Sustainable Energy Partnerships with Africa Building Strong, Sustainable Energy Partnerships with Africa March 31, 2014 - 2:43pm Addthis Deputy Secretary Poneman joins with...

51

Seasonal contrast in the surface energy balance of the Sahel R. L. Miller,1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Africa, soil moisture is often so depleted that solar heating is balanced mainly by longwave radiationSeasonal contrast in the surface energy balance of the Sahel R. L. Miller,1,2 A. Slingo,3,4 J. C (AMF) in Niamey, Niger, evaporation makes a significant contribution to the surface energy balance only

52

Federal Institutions and the Democratic Transition: Lessons From South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Southern Africa (1995), South Africas Nine Provinces:Human Development Profile, South Africa: Development Bank ofRegionalism in the New South Africa, Brookfield, U.S. :

Rubinfeld, Daniel

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Guayule rubber for South Africa  

SciTech Connect

It is reported that Agtec together with South Africa's Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, is investigating the possibility of large-scale production of guayule. The rubber-yielding shrub grows in semi-arid climates and may be the source of a $35-million natural rubber industry in South Africa.

Not Available

1981-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

54

Elephant spatial use in wet and dry savannas of southern K. D. Young1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Elephant spatial use in wet and dry savannas of southern Africa K. D. Young1 , S. M. Ferreira1 Keywords elephants; home range; Loxodonta africana; NDVI; spatial use intensity; vegetation productivity; accepted 16 February 2009 doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.2009.00568.x Abstract The influence of elephants on woody

Pretoria, University of

55

Africa - CCS capacity building | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa - CCS capacity building Africa - CCS capacity building Jump to: navigation, search Name Africa - CCS capacity building Agency/Company /Organization Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands Partner EECG Consultants, the University of Maputo, the Desert Research Foundation Namibia and the South Africa New Energy Research Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Conventional Energy Resource Type Training materials Website http://www.ccs-africa.org/ Program Start 2010 Program End 2011 Country Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia UN Region "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

56

Re-energizing South Africa  

SciTech Connect

Bringing modern energy services to South Africa`s deprived majority doesn`t have to mean simply expanding the now obsolete coal-based system built for the nation`s white minority. A partheid still haunts South Africa`s energy economy. The country`s fledgling democracy has inherited two energy systems, as different from each other as California`s is from that of Bangladesh-but less efficient and more polluting than either of those. For the country`s white minority, cheap electricity is available at the flip of a switch. But even though South Africa has 30 percent more generating capacity than it uses, two-thirds of its black citizens have no electricity at all. Dealing with this legacy is essential for the survival of the two-year-old government. Mandela has made ambitious promises to transform the nation`s energy system-providing such basic amenities as lighting and heating to millions of blacks, while reducing pollution. However, conventional development will never reach those goals - the country`s energy system has huge fundamental inefficiencies. To keep its promises, the government will need an array of cutting-edge technologies, including lowcost super-efficient housing, solar electric systems, gas fired cogeneration. South Africa is well positioned with huge solar and wind energy potential, a well capitalized industrial base and millions of aid dollars. This article examines the emerging energy needs/demands of South Africa in light of these factors.

Scholand, M.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

South Atlantic margins of Africa. page 1 South Atlantic continental margins of Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

South Atlantic margins of Africa. page 1 South Atlantic continental margins of Africa: a comparison The South Atlantic continental passive margins of Africa comprise the major depocentres on the African plate of the tectonic vs climate interplay on the evolution of equatorial west Africa and SW Africa margins Michel

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

58

Drying of fiber webs  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process and an apparatus are disclosed for high-intensity drying of fiber webs or sheets, such as newsprint, printing and writing papers, packaging paper, and paperboard or linerboard, as they are formed on a paper machine. The invention uses direct contact between the wet fiber web or sheet and various molten heat transfer fluids, such as liquefied eutectic metal alloys, to impart heat at high rates over prolonged durations, in order to achieve ambient boiling of moisture contained within the web. The molten fluid contact process causes steam vapor to emanate from the web surface, without dilution by ambient air; and it is differentiated from the evaporative drying techniques of the prior industrial art, which depend on the uses of steam-heated cylinders to supply heat to the paper web surface, and ambient air to carry away moisture, which is evaporated from the web surface. Contact between the wet fiber web and the molten fluid can be accomplished either by submersing the web within a molten bath or by coating the surface of the web with the molten media. Because of the high interfacial surface tension between the molten media and the cellulose fiber comprising the paper web, the molten media does not appreciatively stick to the paper after it is dried. Steam generated from the paper web is collected and condensed without dilution by ambient air to allow heat recovery at significantly higher temperature levels than attainable in evaporative dryers. 6 figs.

Warren, D.W.

1997-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

59

Biomass conversion in South Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

South Africa is using or is investigating the potential of forest biomass sugar-cane, maize, grain sorghum, cannery...6...GJ per annum. These materials can also be utilized for the production of chemicals and foo...

Hans Jurgens Potgieter

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Africa Energy Ministerial U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial The U.S-Africa Energy Ministerial (USAEM) focused on the theme of Catalyzing Sustainable Energy Growth in...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Four seasons of giving  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kurt's Column Kurt's Column Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:Dec. 2013 - Jan. 2014 All Issues » submit Four seasons of giving We value a culture of giving and appreciate our employees' on-going volunteerism throughout Northern New Mexico and even nationwide. January 1, 2013 dummy image Read our archives. Contacts Editor Linda Anderman Email Community Programs Office Kurt Steinhaus Email We value a culture of giving and appreciate our employees' on-going volunteerism throughout Northern New Mexico and even nationwide. So, as the Lab, its employees, and retirees wrap up this year's season, I'm happy to say this is not our only time of giving. Programs such as our Science Education Community Service Time efforts mean that whenever school is in

62

EARSeL eProceedings x, issue/year 1 SEASONAL VARIABILITY IN SPECTRAL REFLECTANCE FOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or threatened. Furthermore, it is estimated that about 90% of dry grassland in Switzerland have been transformed types during the growing season. Continuum removal analysis was used as a spectral transformation method GRASSLANDS ALONG A DRY-MESIC GRADIENT IN SWITZERLAND Achilleas Psomas1,2 , Niklaus E. Zimmermann1 , Mathias

Zimmermann, Niklaus E.

63

Method of drying articles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of drying a green particulate article includes the steps of: a. Providing a green article which includes a particulate material and a pore phase material, the pore phase material including a solvent; and b. contacting the green article with a liquid desiccant for a period of time sufficient to remove at least a portion of the solvent from the green article, the pore phase material acting as a semipermeable barrier to allow the solvent to be sorbed into the liquid desiccant, the pore phase material substantially preventing the liquid desiccant from entering the pores.

Janney, Mark A. (Knoxville, TN); Kiggans, Jr., James O. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Method of drying articles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of drying a green particulate article includes the steps of: (a) Providing a green article which includes a particulate material and a pore phase material, the pore phase material including a solvent; and (b) contacting the green article with a liquid desiccant for a period of time sufficient to remove at least a portion of the solvent from the green article, the pore phase material acting as a semipermeable barrier to allow the solvent to be sorbed into the liquid desiccant, the pore phase material substantially preventing the liquid desiccant from entering the pores. 3 figs.

Janney, M.A.; Kiggans, J.O. Jr.

1999-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

65

Africa Data Dissemination Service | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa Data Dissemination Service Africa Data Dissemination Service Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Africa Data Dissemination Service Agency/Company /Organization: United States Geological Survey, U.S. Agency for International Development Sector: Land Resource Type: Dataset, Maps, Software/modeling tools Website: igskmncnwb015.cr.usgs.gov/adds/ UN Region: "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

66

IFC-Lighting Africa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IFC-Lighting Africa IFC-Lighting Africa Jump to: navigation, search Logo: IFC-Lighting Africa Name IFC-Lighting Africa Agency/Company /Organization International Finance Corporation (IFC) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Website http://www.lightingafrica.org/ References IFC-Lighting Africa[1] "Lighting Africa, a joint IFC and World Bank program, is helping develop commercial off-grid lighting markets in Sub-Saharan Africa as part of the World Bank Group's wider efforts to improve access to energy. Lighting Africa is mobilizing the private sector to build sustainable markets to provide safe, affordable, and modern off-grid lighting to 2.5 million people in Africa by 2012 and to 250 million people by 2030."

67

Dry reforming of hydrocarbon feedstocks  

SciTech Connect

Developments in catalyst technology for the dry reforming of hydrocarbon feedstocks are reviewed for methane, higher hydrocarbons and alcohols. Thermodynamics, mechanisms and the kinetics of dry reforming are also reviewed. The literature on Ni catalysts, bi-metallic Ni catalysts and the role of promoters on Ni catalysts is critically evaluated. The use of noble and transitional metal catalysts for dry reforming is discussed. The application of solid oxide and metal carbide catalysts to dry reforming is also evaluated. Finally, various mechanisms for catalyst deactivation are assessed. This review also examines the various process related issues associated with dry reforming such as its application and heat optimization. Novel approaches such as supercritical dry reforming and microwave assisted dry reforming are briefly expanded upon.

Shah, Yatish T. [Norfolk State University; Gardner, Todd H. [U.S. DOE

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and Management Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and Management Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Complexity/Ease of Use: Not Available Website: www.infrastructureafrica.org/system/files/Africa%27s%20Transport%20Inf Transport Toolkit Region(s): Africa & Middle East Related Tools The BEST Experiences with Bioethanol Buses The Sourcebook on Sustainable Urban Transport Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center ... further results Find Another Tool FIND TRANSPORTATION TOOLS Transport infrastructure is a key requirement for economic growth. In Africa today, networks are sparse, conditions poor, transit slow and

69

Draft dry year tools (generation/planning)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Generation > Planning > Generation Hydro Power Wind Power Monthly GSP BPA White Book Dry Year Tools Firstgov Dry Year Tools November 9, 2006 - Final Dry Year Guide: The Final Dry...

70

NPP Grassland: Towoomba, South Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Towoomba, South Africa, 1949-1990 Towoomba, South Africa, 1949-1990 [PHOTOGRAPH] Photograph: General view of study site at Towoomba (click on the photo to view a larger image from this site). Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Scholes, R. J. 1998. NPP Grassland: Towoomba, South Africa, 1949-1990. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Productivity of an artificially-established grass savanna was monitored at the Towoomba study site, under a long-term experiment to test the long-term effect of fertilizer application. Peak above-ground biomass was monitored for each treatment, from 1950 to the present. The Towoomba agricultural research station (24.90 S 28.35 E) is situated

71

NPP Grassland: Nylsvley, South Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nylsvley, South Africa, 1974-1989 Nylsvley, South Africa, 1974-1989 [PHOTOGRAPH] Photograph: Fine-leaved savanna at Nylsvley (click on the photo to view a series of images from this site). Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Scholes, R. J. 1997. NPP Grassland: Nylsvley, South Africa, 1974-1989. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Productivity of a broad-leaved savanna, which includes a substantial grass component (i.e. 60-70% of cover), was monitored from 1974 to the present at the Nylsvley study site, under the South African Savanna Biome Programme. The Nylsvley study site (24.65 S 28.70 E) is situated 200 km north of Johannesburg, near the town of Nylstroom. The 800 hectare savanna research

72

Solar drying of seafood products  

SciTech Connect

The solar drying of seafood products by forced air convection and by direct insolation, as well as hot smoking fish with a solar assisted fish smoker are investigated.

Baird, C.D.; Deng, J.C.; Chau, K.V.; Heinis, J.J.; Perez, M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

22 July 2014 Cape Town, South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

22 July 2014 Cape Town, South Africa 20 years of democracy in SA, 25 years since the fall Social Sciences Building, Upper Campus The Delegation of the European Union to South Africa, as part of its EU Inspiring Thinkers Series, along with the German Embassy in South Africa and the University

Jarrett, Thomas H.

74

SCIENCE RESEARCH POLICY IN SOUTH AFRICA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SCIENCE RESEARCH POLICY IN SOUTH AFRICA George F R Ellis A DISCUSSION DOCUMENT for the Royal Society of South Africa February 14, 2001 #12;i Preface This science policy discussion document has been written by Prof G F R Ellis (University of Cape Town) on behalf of the Royal Society of South Africa

Blake, Edwin

75

Solar sorption refrigeration in Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Solar sorption refrigeration technologies are regarded as a promising way to meet the growing refrigeration needs in Africa, for thermal comfort, foods and crops, vaccines and medicines conservation. Sorption technologies projects and studies have been reported in Africa since the late 1970s. This paper describes the most representative reported research activities and projects in various African climatic conditions. An emphasis is put on demonstrative plants involving absorption, adsorption or desiccant cooling applications. From this overview, it appears that a lot of achievements have been made, though applications are mainly focused on small-size cold boxes for foods and vaccines preservation; no direct building air conditioning based on adsorption or absorption has been reported. Mediterranean countries seems to offer the best weather conditions for solar sorption refrigeration applications and plenty of related activities could be identified in these countries. A more adequate design for each of other climatic zones in Africa may then be relevant. As anywhere, the high cost of these technologies remains the main the biggest brake to their diffusion in Africa.

Kokouvi Edem NTsoukpoe; Daniel Yamegueu; Justin Bassole

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Investigation of Dry and Near-Dry Electrical Discharge Milling Processes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The dry and near-dry electrical discharge machining (EDM) processes are investigated in this research. Dry EDM uses gas to replace the liquid dielectric fluid in (more)

Tao, Jia

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Seasonal Tips | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Seasonal Tips Seasonal Tips Seasonal Tips January 23, 2012 - 11:30am Addthis Amanda McAlpin I've often wished I lived in one of those fabulous places where it's 72 degrees and sunny year-round. But unfortunately, most of us don't. And to stay comfortable, we need heat and hot coffee in the winter, and air-conditioning and lemonade in the summer. Luckily, part of the Energy Savers site is dedicated to helping us save energy during all four seasons. Bring up the dedicated Energy Savers seasonal website and learn great ways to reduce your energy bill. Tips range from small changes you can make immediately, such as closing your drapes, to information on modifications you can make to your home for even larger benefits. There is even information on assistance for energy-savings improvements to your home.

78

SEASONAL AND INSHORE-OFFSHORE VARIATIONS IN THE STANDING STOCKS OF MICRONEKTON AND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SEASONAL AND INSHORE-OFFSHORE VARIATIONS IN THE STANDING STOCKS OF MICRONEKTON AND MACROZOOPLANKTON OFF OREGON WILLIAM G. PEARCyl ABSTRACT Dry weights of pelagic animals captured along an inshore-offshore, shrimps, and squids) were largest inshore (28 and 46 km offshore) in the winter (November

79

The Role of Disturbance in Dry Tropical Forest Landscapes  

SciTech Connect

Disturbance can be defined as 'any relatively discrete event in time that disrupts ecosystem, community, or population structure and changes resources, substrate availability, or the physical environment'. This definition requires that the spatial and temporal scales of the system and disturbance be determined. Disturbances are typically characterized by their size, spatial distribution, frequency or return time, predictability, and magnitude (which includes both intensity and severity). These disturbance attributes set the parameters for the suite of species, both plant and animal, that can persist within a given system. As such, an understanding of seasonally dry tropical forests in Asia requires an understanding of disturbance within the region. However, disturbances are relatively poorly understood in dry tropical forests, partly because of the weak seasonality in temperature and high tree species diversity of these forests relative to most forest systems of the world. There are about 1,048,700 km{sup 2} of dry tropical forests worldwide and that only 3% of this land is in conservation status. In other words, 97% of the world's seasonally dry tropical forest is at risk of human disturbance. About half of this forest occurs in South America, where most of the conservation lands are located. Satellite imagery based on MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data shows that only about 3.8% of the world's dry tropical forests are in Australia and South east Asia. The susceptibility of these forests to human disturbances is of great concern and is largely unstudied. Because natural disturbance regimes shape the ecosystem structure and are in many ways integral to these forest systems, it is critical to know how natural disturbance affects dry forest in order to understand the effects of human activities on these forests. Even basic information about disturbances in dry tropical forests is only recently available. Therefore this chapter brings together much of the available information from dry tropical forest throughout the world with the goal of developing an understanding of the role of disturbance in Asian dry forests. Most ecologists now recognize that disturbances, rather than being catastrophic agents of destruction, are a normal, perhaps even an integral, part of long-term system dynamics. The composition, structure, organization, and development and trophic dynamics of most forest systems are the products of disturbances. As an example, the forest composition for two disturbances in the Anaikatty Hills of Western Ghats were compared, where the low disturbance was from past logging followed by cutting and illicit felling and grazing and the high disturbance was due to human presence, past logging, and fuelwood collection. They found higher species richness and Shannon-Wiener diversity index for the low-disturbance forest (98 and 3.9, respectively) compared to the high-disturbance stand (45 and 2.71, respectively) as well as significant differences in mean basal area of trees, density of seedlings, number of species, density and diversity of shrubs, and number of species and diversity of herbs. Some ecological systems contain species that have evolved in response to disturbances. Adaptations typical of dry tropical forest plants are drought tolerance, seed dispersal mechanisms, and the ability to sprout subsequent to disturbance. In contrast, evidence was found that human disturbance in Kakamega Forest of western Kenya has significantly reduced allelic richness and heterozygosity, increased inbreeding, and slightly reduced gene flow in Prunus africana in the past century.

Dale, Virginia H [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

NEWTON: Preventing Tire Dry Rot  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Preventing Tire Dry Rot Preventing Tire Dry Rot Name: Millard Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: MD Country: USA Date: Spring 2013 Question: My dad has a classic car, and because it gets driven very little each year, the tires dry rot before he can get much tread wear on them. What could be used to protect the tires from dry rot and cracking? Replies: Hi Millard, Thanks for the question. I would recommend keeping the car on blocks so that there is no weight on the tires. Additionally, I would recommend that no electrical equipment (motors, switches, and other things that spark) be used around the car. The sparks generate ozone and ozone can cause rubber items such as tires, belts, and hoses to crack. I hope this helps. Please let me know if you have more questions. Thanks Jeff Grell

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

DRI Companies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DRI Companies DRI Companies Jump to: navigation, search Name DRI Companies Place Irvine, California Zip 92614 Sector Solar Product US-based residential and commercial installer of turnkey solar systems, through subsidiary iDRI Energy. Coordinates 41.837752°, -79.268594° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.837752,"lon":-79.268594,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

82

Sustaining dry surfaces under water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rough surfaces immersed under water remain practically dry if the liquid-solid contact is on roughness peaks, while the roughness valleys are filled with gas. Mechanisms that prevent water from invading the valleys are well studied. However, to remain practically dry under water, additional mechanisms need consideration. This is because trapped gas (e.g. air) in the roughness valleys can dissolve into the water pool, leading to invasion. Additionally, water vapor can also occupy the roughness valleys of immersed surfaces. If water vapor condenses, that too leads to invasion. These effects have not been investigated, and are critically important to maintain surfaces dry under water. In this work, we identify the critical roughness scale below which it is possible to sustain the vapor phase of water and/or trapped gases in roughness valleys - thus keeping the immersed surface dry. Theoretical predictions are consistent with molecular dynamics simulations and experiments.

Paul R. Jones; Xiuqing Hao; Eduardo R. Cruz-Chu; Konrad Rykaczewski; Krishanu Nandy; Thomas M. Schutzius; Kripa K. Varanasi; Constantine M. Megaridis; Jens H. Walther; Petros Koumoutsakos; Horacio D. Espinosa; Neelesh A. Patankar

2014-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

83

Welcome to the Third World Network-Africa (TWN-Africa) Blog  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

opportunities'. Even if Africa is to gain from the current commodity price boom, the report cautions against production. The report also provides the historical beginnings of trade liberalization in Africa, the reasons

84

Power Africas Beyond the Grid Increasing Access through Small- Scale Energy Solutions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Today, the U.S. Government is formally launching an innovative framework under President Obamas Power Africa initiative to increase energy access for underserved populations across sub-Saharan Africa.

85

AMF Deployment, Niamey, Niger, West Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

West Africa West Africa Niamey Deployment AMF Home Niamey Home Data Plots and Baseline Instruments RADAGAST Website Rainfall Record (PDF) Publications List, (PDF) Experiment Planning RADAGAST Proposal Outreach Fact Sheets RADAGAST (PDF) Annual Climate Cycle in Niger, Africa (PDF) Posters AMF Poster, French Version We're Going to Sample the Sky in Africa! News Campaign Images AMMA International News AMF Deployment, Niamey, Niger, West Africa In 2006, the ARM Mobile Facility is collecting cloud and atmospheric property measurements from a location near the airport in Niamey, Niger, West Africa. Main Site: 13° 28' 39.15" N, 2° 10' 27.62" E Altitude: 205 meters Ancillary Site: 13° 31' 19.14" N, 2° 37' 56.46" E Altitude: 228.29 meters In January 2006, the second deployment of the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF)

86

Atlantic Hurricane Season of 2008  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 2008 Atlantic hurricane season is summarized and the years tropical cyclones are described. Sixteen named storms formed in 2008. Of these, eight became hurricanes with five of them strengthening into major hurricanes (category 3 or higher on ...

Daniel P. Brown; John L. Beven; James L. Franklin; Eric S. Blake

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

GROWTH OF SOUTH AFRICAN AFRICA' ~-' ,, I  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GROWTH OF SOUTH AFRICAN FISHERIES -SQUTH-: WEST .-' AFRICA' ~-' ,, I I , I :--. .,' UN I .............................................. Regrouping of Interests ······························ Fisheries Development Corporation of South Africa, Ltd and the trawling interests, respectively. The quasi-official Fisheries Develop- ment Corporation of South Africa

88

Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ease of Use: Not Available Website: www.infrastructureafrica.orgsystemfilesAfrica%27s%20Transport%20Inf Web Application Link: infrastructureafrica.orgsystemfiles...

89

Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: ARCGIS Shape...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shape File, all Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: ARCGIS Shape File, all Countries Agency...

90

Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: Interactive...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MAP in PDF, all Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: Interactive MAP in PDF, all Countries...

91

IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel By Clare Byrne Visitors to Madagascar, Senegal to South Africa, biofuels is the buzzword as African countries wake up to the possibility of using their vast spaces to grow crops that reduce their fossil fuel bill. Biofuels also carry

92

SPRING 2012 STUDY ABROAD in CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SPRING 2012 STUDY ABROAD in CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA Want to find out studying the multiple concerns facing South Africa as it strives to become one. Take three academically engaging courses: The History & Politics of South Africa

Alpay, S. Pamir

93

Location and Institution SOUTH AFRICA -PRETORIA FORDHAM UNIVERSITY -UBUNTU PROGRAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Location and Institution SOUTH AFRICA - PRETORIA FORDHAM UNIVERSITY - UBUNTU demographics, and South Africa. Students will also take a required module in Sociology holders need a student visa to enter and study in South Africa, which must

Galles, David

94

CHEMOSTRATIGRAPHY OF THE PALEOPROTEROZOIC DUITSCHLAND FORMATION, SOUTH AFRICA: IMPLICATIONS FOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHEMOSTRATIGRAPHY OF THE PALEOPROTEROZOIC DUITSCHLAND FORMATION, SOUTH AFRICA: IMPLICATIONS the only unequivocal glacial unit of this era in the Transvaal Basin, South Africa. Lithologic evidence Park 2006, Johannesburg, South Africa. [American Journal of Science, Vol. 301, March, 2001, P. 261

Kaufman, Alan Jay

95

Dry cleaning of Turkish coal  

SciTech Connect

This study dealt with the upgrading of two different type of Turkish coal by a dry cleaning method using a modified air table. The industrial size air table used in this study is a device for removing stones from agricultural products. This study investigates the technical and economical feasibility of the dry cleaning method which has never been applied before on coals in Turkey. The application of a dry cleaning method on Turkish coals designated for power generation without generating environmental pollution and ensuring a stable coal quality are the main objectives of this study. The size fractions of 5-8, 3-5, and 1-3 mm of the investigated coals were used in the upgrading experiments. Satisfactory results were achieved with coal from the Soma region, whereas the upgrading results of Hsamlar coal were objectionable for the coarser size fractions. However, acceptable results were obtained for the size fraction 1-3 mm of Hsamlar coal.

Cicek, T. [Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir (Turkey). Faculty of Engineering

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

South Africa-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) South Africa-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Agency/Company /Organization African Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Inter-American Development Bank, World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Geothermal, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country South Africa Southern Africa References Middle East and North Africa Regional Program (Algeria, Egypt, Jorban, Morroco, Tunisia)-Clean Technology Fund (CTF)[1] South Africa-CTF Investment Plan[2] South Africa-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Screenshot

97

United States and South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation in Nuclear Energy Research and Development United States and South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation in Nuclear Energy Research and...

98

Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector Reforms in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis...

99

South Africa-IAEA Energy Planning | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Database1 IAEA is working with South Africa on Energy Modelling and Planning Capacity Building for South Africa activities. References "IAEA Project Database" Retrieved from...

100

Deliverables from U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial 2014 | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Deliverables from U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial 2014 Deliverables from U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial 2014 This document outlines major deliverables and commitments from...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

ESMAP-Rural Electrification Strategies/Africa Electrification...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

StrategiesAfrica Electrification Initiative (RES-AEI) Jump to: navigation, search Name ESMAP-Rural Electrification StrategiesAfrica Electrification Initiative (RES-AEI) Agency...

102

File:NREL-africa-glo.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

africa-glo.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Africa - Annual Global Horizontal Solar Radiation (PDF) Size of this preview: 776 600 pixels. Full...

103

Post-apartheid transformations and population change around Dwesa-Cwebe nature reserve, South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and resettlement in South Africas Transkei. Ph.D. thesis.Cwebe nature reserves, South Africa. In: The rights andbased development on South Africas Wild Coast (eds. Palmer,

Fay, Derick A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

International Conference: Humanitarian Logistics: Networks for Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Conference: Humanitarian Logistics: Networks for Africa http Agnes Nyaguthie, Oxfam-GB, Pretoria, South Africa The Important Role of Humanitarian Logistics 10 in Humanitarian Logistics: A Southern African Perspective 12:20-12:40 PM Discussion #12;1:00-2:30 PM Lunch 2

Nagurney, Anna

105

Embassy of France in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Embassy of France in South Africa PhD and Research Grants 2012 - 2013 The French Embassy bursary in South Africa - Supporting letter from supervisor in France To request application forms or any for South African researchers towards French institutions of higher education. The programme offers

Wagner, Stephan

106

The Rothschild South Africa Foundation Scholarships  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Rothschild South Africa Foundation Scholarships The Rothschild Group has been at the centre, Rebekah Naidoo, Mandisa Mabunda, Londiwe Mahlambi Rothschild (South Africa) (Pty) Ltd is an Authorised FSP should Be a South African citizen Be a third year Commerce student, intending to study an honours or PGD

Wagner, Stephan

107

Extractive Institutions in Colonial Africa Federico Tadei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of colonies, such indigenous population density and ease of settlement for the coloniz- ers. Finally, I studyExtractive Institutions in Colonial Africa Thesis by Federico Tadei In Partial Fulfillment on prices to agricultural producers and labor institutions in French Africa, I show that (1

Winfree, Erik

108

French oil companies in Africa  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum interest in Africa is fairly recent: the first exploration in 1947, Hassi Messaoud (Algeria) in 1957, and more serious interest on the part of French companies in the early 1960s. Two major French companies active in Africa are Elf Aquitaine and CIE Francaise des Petroles (CFP). Elf Aquitaine intends to maintain its effort in Gabon with 9 exploratory wells in 1980 and investments of 50 billion francs, and intends to lessen the production decline in the Congo, particularly after the discovery of the Emeraude offshore field. The difficulties here are the shallow depth forcing high angle directional drilling, high viscosity oil, and a very complex reservoir. Investments in the Congo include 45 billion francs including a terminal and an electric plant. CFP is active mainly in Tunisia, Sudan, and Egypt. In Tunisia, 6 fields are of interest, with investments in the order of 110 million francs. More recently, the effort in Egypt has seen further exploration and production from a well, with the investment of 80 million francs in 1980, probably doubling in 1981.

Rosa, S.D.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Cool, Dry, Quiet Dehumidification with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Representative dehumidification increase using Trane CDQ dehumidification system Standard HVAC coil - 20% latent dehumidification system as the best new HVAC dehumidification product for 2006. #12;Trane CDQTM (Cool Dry Quiet, supply fan, cooling coil, optional reheat coil, optional final filters. A CDQ system in a Custom Climate

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

110

Impingement drying of potato chips  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Superheated steam impingement drying was used as an alternative technique to develop nutritious fat-free potato chips. The effect of superheated steam temperature (115, 130, and 145 C) and convective heat transfer coefficient (100 and 160 W/m C...

Caixeta, Aline Teixeira

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

111

THE DIRT ON DRY MERGERS  

SciTech Connect

Using data from the Spitzer Space Telescope, we analyze the mid-infrared (3-70 {mu}m) spectral energy distributions of dry merger candidates in the Booetes field of the NOAO Deep Wide-Field Survey. These candidates were selected by previous authors to be luminous, red, early-type galaxies with morphological evidence of recent tidal interactions. We find that a significant fraction of these candidates exhibit 8 and 24 {mu}m excesses compared to expectations for old stellar populations. We estimate that a quarter of dry merger candidates have mid-infrared-derived star formation rates greater than {approx}1 M{sub sun} yr{sup -1}. This represents a 'frosting' on top of a large old stellar population, and has been seen in previous studies of elliptical galaxies. Further, the dry merger candidates include a higher fraction of star-forming galaxies relative to a control sample without tidal features. We therefore conclude that the star formation in these massive ellipticals is likely triggered by merger activity. Our data suggest that the mergers responsible for the observed tidal features were not completely dry, and may be minor mergers involving a gas-rich dwarf galaxy.

Desai, Vandana; Soifer, B. T. [Spitzer Science Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Dey, Arjun [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Tucson, AZ 85726-6732 (United States); Cohen, Emma [California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Le Floc'h, Emeric, E-mail: desai@ipac.caltech.edu [AIM, CNRS, Universite Paris Diderot, Bat. 709, CEA-Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Guides and Case Studies for Hot-Dry and Mixed-Dry Climates | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Dry and Mixed-Dry Climates Dry and Mixed-Dry Climates Guides and Case Studies for Hot-Dry and Mixed-Dry Climates Map of the Hot-Dry and Mixed-Dry Zone of the United States. The zone contains the eastern side of California and follows the US border to cover the western half of Texas. The Department of Energy (DOE) has developed a series of best practices and case studies to help builders improve whole-house energy performance in buildings found in hot-dry and mixed-dry climates. Best Practice Guides New Construction Case Studies Improvements to Existing Homes Case Studies Best Practice Guides 40% Whole-House Energy Savings in Hot-Dry and Mixed-Dry Climates - Volume 9 New Construction Case Studies Arizona Project: Gordon Estates - Phoenix Builder: Mandalay Homes Profile: Fourteen homes in this subdivision achieved Challenge Home

113

United Nations Climate Change Conference Durban, South Africa 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

United Nations Climate Change Conference Durban, South Africa 2011 COP17/CMP7 #12; The Conferences presents a unique opportunity for South Africa to promote and publicly initiate the transition to a green, President of South Africa Maite Nkoana-Mashabane, Minister of Foreign Affairs of South Africa President

Viola, Ronald

114

Healthy Active Kids South Africa Report Card 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Healthy Active Kids South Africa Report Card 2010 Report card on the physical activity, nutrition Africa References #12;1 South Africa faces many current and future challenges, not least is the growing), and account for over half of adult deaths worldwide. South Africa is home to nearly 16 million children

Wagner, Stephan

115

Fuel reduction and coarse woody debris dynamics with early season and late season prescribed fire in a Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forest  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fire exclusion has led to an unnatural accumulation and greater spatial continuity of organic material on the ground in many forests. This material serves both as potential fuel for forest fires and habitat for a large array of forest species. Managers must balance fuel reduction to reduce wildfire hazard with fuel retention targets to maintain other forest functions. This study reports fuel consumption and changes to coarse woody debris attributes with prescribed burns ignited under different fuel moisture conditions. Replicated early season burn, late season burn, and unburned control plots were established in old-growth mixed conifer forest in Sequoia National Park that had not experienced fire for more than 120 years. Early season burns were ignited during June 2002 when fuels were relatively moist, and late season burns were ignited during September/October 2001 when fuels were dry. Fuel loading and coarse woody debris abundance, cover, volume, and mass were evaluated prior to and after the burns. While both types of burns reduced fuel loading, early season burns consumed significantly less of the total dead and down organic matter than late season burns (67% versus 88%). This difference in fuel consumption between burning treatments was significant for most all woody fuel components evaluated, plus the litter and duff layers. Many logs were not entirely consumed therefore the number of logs was not significantly changed by fire but burning did reduce log length, cover, volume, and mass. Log cover, volume, and mass were reduced to a lesser extent by early season burns than late season burns, as a result of higher wood moisture levels. Early season burns also spread over less of the ground surface within the burn perimeter (73%) than late season burns (88%), and were significantly patchier. Organic material remaining after a fire can dam sediments and reduce erosion, while unburned patches may help mitigate the impact of fire on fire-sensitive species by creating refugia from which these species can recolonize burned areas. Early season burns may be an effective means of moderating potential ecosystem damage when treating heavy and/or continuous fuels resulting from long periods of fire exclusion, if burning during this season is not detrimental to other forest functions.

Eric E. Knapp; Jon E. Keeley; Elizabeth A. Ballenger; Teresa J. Brennan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa Agency/Company /Organization: IEEE Sector: Energy Focus Area: Grid Assessment and Integration Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Technical report Website: ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=1709540 UN Region: Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa Language: English References: Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa[1] "With the population of 13.4% of the world and a land area of 15%, Africa has only 2% of the world's industrial capacity. Its per capita income is only 15% of the world average and only consumes 3% of world energy. Many

117

Event:18th Africa Partnership Forum | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa Partnership Forum Africa Partnership Forum Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png 18th Africa Partnership Forum: on 2012/04/25 The theme of the 18th APF meeting is "Energy for Africa" and sessions will focus on the global energy outlook and the implications for Africa; Energy for all: the challenge in Africa ; Low carbon and climate resilient energy : the opportunities in Africa; Africa's energy priorities in the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA), and the MDB Infrastructure Action Plan Event Details Name 18th Africa Partnership Forum Date 2012/04/25 Location Paris, France Organizer African Partnership Forum Tags LEDS, CLEAN, Training Website Event Website Retri LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. eved from

118

South Africa-UNDP Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNDP Activities UNDP Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-UNDP Activities Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis Country South Africa Southern Africa References UNDP Climate Change Project Map[1] UNDP Projects in South Africa Pilot Production and Commercial Dissemination of Solar Cookers in South Africa (PIMS 1124 CC MSP RE) Reducing Disaster Risks from Wildfire Hazards Associated with Climate Change in South Africa Reducing vulnerability of the Western Cape Province (South Africa) to wildfire hazards associate with climate change Solar Water Heaters (SWH) for Urban Housing in South Africa (PIMS 856 CC MSP RE) South Africa National Capacity Self Assessment (PIMS 3115 EA NCSA) South Africa Wind Energy Programme (SAWEP) (PIMS 1637 CC RE)

119

Textile Drying Via Wood Gasification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TEXTILE DRYING VIA WOOD GASIFICATION Thomas F. ;McGowan, Anthony D. Jape Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, Georgia ABSTRACT This project was carried out to investigate the possibility of using wood gas as a direct replacement... for dryers. In addition to the experimental program described above, the DOE grant covered two other major areas. A survey of the textile industry was made to assess the market for gasification equip ment. The major findings were that a large amount...

McGowan, T. F.; Jape, A. D.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

You are invited to the 8th Annual Africa Institute of South Africa's (AISA) Young Graduates and Scholars Conference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

You are invited to the 8th Annual Africa Institute of South Africa's (AISA) Young Graduates, Botswana, Belgium, Kenya, and South Africa. The participants are from multidisciplinary backgrounds. Key Institute of South Africa's (AISA) Young Graduates and Scholars Conference (AYGS) University of Johannesburg

Wagner, Stephan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

CHAPTER XVI - TIME SERIES: SEASONAL FLUCTUATIONS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the seasonal fluctuations in time series. Seasonal variations are defined either to be studied separately ormore oftento be removed, thus, allowing concentrating on the remaining variation. If the annual data are not strongly influenced by trend movements or cyclical changes, it is possible to compare seasonal data usuallymonthly data with averages not adjusted for trend and express them as percentages of these averages. In reality, the amplitude and period of seasonal movements vary in most cases from year to year, being affected by seasonal as well as by cyclical, random, and other nonseasonal factors. The averages, expressed in percentages, thus obtained are preliminary seasonal indexes. Seasonal indices based on the fitting of curves to monthly ratios, expressed as percentages, to moving averages are called moving seasonal indexes.

ISAAC PAENSON

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

How to Construct a Seasonal Index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For many crops, seasonality is often the dominant factor influencing prices within a single production period. This publication explains how to construct and use several kinds of seasonal indexes for crop marketing information....

Tierney Jr., William I.; Waller, Mark L.; Amosson, Stephen H.

1999-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

123

Dancing Africa in Bahia : dance, embodied authenticity and the consumption of "Africa" in Bahia, Brazil.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In Brazil, images and ideas of Africa have been historically linked to the northeastern state of Bahia, more specifically with the former colonial capital and (more)

Ahlberg, Meredith A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Attribution and Characteristics of Wet and Dry Seasons in the Upper Colorado River Basin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Previous research has shown that the temperature and precipitation variability in the Upper Colorado River Basin (UCRB) is correlated with large-scale climate variability (i.e., El Nio - Southern Oscillation [ENSO] and Pacific Decadal Oscillation ...

Rebecca A. Bolinger; Christian D. Kummerow; Nolan J. Doesken

125

E-Print Network 3.0 - amazon dry-season climate Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, Laboratrio Associado de Plasma Collection: Plasma Physics and Fusion 2 16 Planet Earth Winter 2009 Why the Amazon Summary: of...

126

Plant-Water Relations in Seasonally Dry Tropical Montane Cloud Forests  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science 322: 258-261. Comita LS, Engelbrecht BMJ. 2009.258-269. Engelbrecht BMJ, Comita LS, Condit R, Kursar TA,my research. I thank Liza Comita and Donie Bret-Harte for

Goldsmith, Gregory Rubin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Increased dry-season length over southern Amazonia in recent decades and its implication for future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and vulnerable to increasing conversion of native forests to cultivated crops (10­12). The extreme droughts South America and an increase of local convective inhibition energy in austral winter (June­August) seem

Myneni, Ranga B.

128

Africa-European Union Energy Partnership | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa-European Union Energy Partnership Africa-European Union Energy Partnership Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Africa-European Union Energy Partnership Name Africa-European Union Energy Partnership Agency/Company /Organization Government of Germany, Government of Austria, African Union Commission, Government of Mauritius Sector Energy Website http://www.aeep-conference.org UN Region "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Western & Eastern Europe" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

129

Rural development update for South Africa  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes renewable energy programs implemented in South Africa as part of a collaborative program for rural development. Different facets of this program include: Renewable Energy for South Africa (REFSA); hybrid collaborative R&D; electricity sector restructuring; provincial level initiation of renewable energy applications; renewable energy for African development (REFAD); and Suncorp photovoltaic manufacturing company. Limited detailed information is provided on the activities of each of these different program facets over the past year in particular.

Arent, D. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Present at the Creation: Founding Party Dominance in South Africa and Beyond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Afrobarometer. 2002. South Africa, Round 2. Access online:data __________. 2004. South Africa, Round 2.5. Accessdata __________. 2006. South Africa, Round 3. Access online:

Rosenberg, Mark Yaron

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Sequence stratigraphic development of the Neoarchean Transvaal carbonate platform, Kaapvaal Craton, South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Griqualand West Sequence, South Africa; implications forUniversity, Johannesburg, South Africa, 326pp. Duane, M.J. ;Transvaal Sequence, South Africa. Economic Geology, 86,

Sumner, Dawn Y.; Beukes, Nicolas J

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

An Overview of Accountability Mechanisms in Public - Private Partnerships in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

accessed March 1, 2013). South Africa, Republic of. NationalGovernment Printer. South Africa, Republic of. Nationalattachments/03475_pubfinmanact1.pdf South Africa, Republic

Fombad, Madeleine

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Florida Dry Natural Gas Reserves Acquisitions (Billion Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1242014 Next Release Date: 12312015 Referring Pages: Dry Natural Gas Reserves Acquisitions Florida Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves Dry Natural Gas Proved...

134

Florida Dry Natural Gas Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2014 Next Release Date: 12312015 Referring Pages: New Field Discoveries of Dry Natural Gas Reserves Florida Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves New...

135

Dry-cleaning of graphene  

SciTech Connect

Studies of the structural and electronic properties of graphene in its pristine state are hindered by hydrocarbon contamination on the surfaces. Also, in many applications, contamination reduces the performance of graphene. Contamination is introduced during sample preparation and is adsorbed also directly from air. Here, we report on the development of a simple dry-cleaning method for producing large atomically clean areas in free-standing graphene. The cleanness of graphene is proven using aberration-corrected high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and electron spectroscopy.

Algara-Siller, Gerardo [Central Facility for Electron Microscopy, Group of Electron Microscopy of Materials Science, Ulm University, Albert-Einstein-Allee 11, Ulm 89081 (Germany); Department of Chemistry, Technical University Ilmenau, Weimarer Strasse 25, Ilmenau 98693 (Germany); Lehtinen, Ossi; Kaiser, Ute, E-mail: ute.kaiser@uni-ulm.de [Central Facility for Electron Microscopy, Group of Electron Microscopy of Materials Science, Ulm University, Albert-Einstein-Allee 11, Ulm 89081 (Germany); Turchanin, Andrey [Faculty of Physics, University of Bielefeld, Universittsstr. 25, Bielefeld 33615 (Germany)

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

136

Sub-Saharan Africa-KITE Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Saharan Africa-KITE Activities Saharan Africa-KITE Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Sub-Saharan Africa-KITE Activities Agency/Company /Organization Kumasi Institute of Technology and Environment Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Conventional Energy, Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Finance, Co-benefits assessment, Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://kiteonline.net/index.ph UN Region "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

137

Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Access, Understanding and Application of Climate Data and Information Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Access, Understanding and Application of Climate Data and Information Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector: Climate, Energy Topics: Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Dataset, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.undp.org/environment/library.shtml Cost: Free UN Region: Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa Language: English Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Access, Understanding and Application of Climate Data and Information Screenshot

138

South Africa-GTZ Clean Energy Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-GTZ Clean Energy Project South Africa-GTZ Clean Energy Project Jump to: navigation, search Logo: South Africa-GTZ Clean Energy Project Name South Africa-GTZ Clean Energy Project Agency/Company /Organization GTZ Partner Central Energy Fund (CEF), University of Johannesburg, Paraffin Safety Association of Southern Africa (PASASA) Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Website http://www.gtz.de/en/weltweit/ Program Start 2008 Program End 2010 Country South Africa UN Region Southern Africa References Clean Energy for South Africa[1] GTZ is working with South Africa on this project with the following objective: "The programme aims to reducing CO2-emissions through the commercialisation of energy efficient and renewable energy products to

139

Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector Reforms in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector Reforms in Africa Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa Sector: Energy Topics: Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity Resource Type: Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.uneca.org/eca_programmes/nrid/pubs/powersectorreport.pdf UN Region: Eastern Africa References: Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector Reforms in Africa[1] Overview "This study assesses the socio-economic and environmental impacts of power

140

Africa-Economic Development Report 2010 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa-Economic Development Report 2010 Africa-Economic Development Report 2010 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Africa-Economic Development Report 2010 Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Foundation Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Industry, Forestry, Agriculture Topics: Finance, Implementation, Baseline projection, Market analysis, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset, Publications Website: www.unctad.org/en/docs/aldcafrica2010_en.pdf UN Region: "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Creating an Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: for Food Security and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Creating an Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: for Food Security and Creating an Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: for Food Security and Environmental Resilience Jump to: navigation, search Name Creating an Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: for Food Security and Environmental Resilience Agency/Company /Organization World Agroforestry Centre Partner Program on Forests Sector Land Focus Area Forestry, Agriculture Topics Co-benefits assessment, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.profor.info/profor/ Country Niger, Malawi, Zambia UN Region "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

142

Forestry-based Carbon Sequestration Projects in Africa: Potential benefits  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forestry-based Carbon Sequestration Projects in Africa: Potential benefits Forestry-based Carbon Sequestration Projects in Africa: Potential benefits and challenges Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Forestry-based Carbon Sequestration Projects in Africa: Potential benefits and challenges Agency/Company /Organization: Natural Resources Forum Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Implementation, GHG inventory, Resource assessment Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learned/best practices, Case studies/examples Website: www.worldagroforestry.org/downloads/publications/PDFs/JA08145.PDF UN Region: "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

143

Successful Energy Policy Interventions in Africa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Successful Energy Policy Interventions in Africa Successful Energy Policy Interventions in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Successful Energy Policy Interventions in Africa Agency/Company /Organization: GTZ Partner: Energy, Environment and Development Network for Africa Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs Website: www.gtz.de/de/dokumente/en-successful-policy-interventions-2007.pdf References: Successful Energy Policy Interventions in Africa[1] "The objective of this study was to document selected successful energy interventions and initiatives in Africa for possible replication and at the same time identify factors and frame- work conditions that lead to success of the selected initiatives." References

144

Seasonal and Regional Variability of Stratospheric Dehydration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(the final dehydration point or FDP) and assume that the parcel carries that much water vapor into the stratosphere. In the annual average, the tropical Western Pacific, equatorial Africa and South America, and Southeast Asia are found...

Christenberry, Aaron Joseph

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

145

Africa Forum for Clean Energy Financing (AFRICEF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forum for Clean Energy Financing (AFRICEF) Forum for Clean Energy Financing (AFRICEF) Jump to: navigation, search Name Africa Forum for Clean Energy Financing (AFRICEF) Agency/Company /Organization Climate Technology Initiative Partner CTI Private Financing Advisory Network Sector Energy, Land Topics Finance, Implementation Website http://www.cti-pfan.net/events UN Region "Western Asia & North Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

146

Unique Luminescences of Dry Chlorophylls  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dry chlorophylls a and b in a rigid glass hydrocarbon solvent have intense emission at 7550 A and 7330 A respectively. In each case the room temperature absorption spectra show the presence of a band shoulder on the long wavelength side of the main red band. Both the emission and the absorption bands disappear in the presence of hydroxyllic solvents. The absorption and emission are interpreted as n??* singlet and n??* triplet transitions respectively. The lifetime of the n??* triplet emission in chlorophyll a is estimated to be 103 second. Cu chlorophyll b has an intense phosphorescence at 8740 A with a lifetime of less than 104 second. The differences in the room temperature emission spectra for chlorophylls a and b are discussed.

Jose Fernandez; Ralph S. Becker

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Tropical Africa: Total Forest Biomass (By Country)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tropical Africa: Total Forest Biomass (By Country) Tropical Africa: Total Forest Biomass (By Country) image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNL/CDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. More Maps Calculated Actual Aboveground Live Biomass in Forests (1980) Maximum Potential Biomass Density Land Use (1980) Area of Closed Forests (By Country) Mean Biomass of Closed Forests (By County) Area of Open Forests (By Country) Mean Biomass of Open Forests (By County) Percent Forest Cover (By Country) Population Density - 1990 (By Administrative Unit) Population Density - 1980 (By Administrative Unit) Population Density - 1970 (By Administrative Unit)

148

Oil and Natural Gas in Sub-Saharan Africa  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oil and Natural Gas in Sub-Saharan Africa Oil and Natural Gas in Sub-Saharan Africa August 1, 2013 2 Sub-Saharan Africa Source: U.S. Department of State Liquid Fuels Reserves and Production in Sub-Saharan Africa 3 4 Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) produced nearly 6 million bbl/d of liquid fuels in 2012, which was about 7% of total world oil production. Overview Sub-Saharan Africa contains 62.6 billion barrels of proved crude oil reserves. The Middle East has 13 times that amount and Central and South America has 5 times that amount. Middle East 30% North America 20% Eurasia 15% Sub-Saharan Africa 7% North Africa 5% Asia & Oceania 10% Central & South America 9% Europe 4% Global Liquid Fuels Production, 2012 Source: EIA, International Energy Statistics 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 Middle East Central & South America

149

Distance decay and persistent health care disparities in South Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Access to health care is a particular concern given the important role of poor access in perpetuating poverty and inequality. South Africas apartheid history leaves large racial disparities in access despite ...

Zo M McLaren; Cally Ardington; Murray Leibbrandt

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

HealtH researcH in soutH africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HealtH researcH in soutH africa the africa centre for Health and Population studies investigating the health problems that affect south africa, africa and the rest of the world UKZN (Durban) · · Agincourt Centre · Wellcome Trust-funded research in South Africa SOUTH AFRICA #12;Wellcome Trust | Health research

Rambaut, Andrew

151

Quantitative maps of groundwater resources in Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Africa, groundwater is the major source of drinking water and its use for irrigation is forecast to increase substantially to combat growing food insecurity. Despite this, there is little quantitative information on groundwater resources in Africa, and groundwater storage is consequently omitted from assessments of freshwater availability. Here we present the first quantitative continent-wide maps of aquifer storage and potential borehole yields in Africa based on an extensive review of available maps, publications and data. We estimate total groundwater storage in Africa to be 0.66million km3 (0.361.75millionkm3). Not all of this groundwater storage is available for abstraction, but the estimated volume is more than 100 times estimates of annual renewable freshwater resources on Africa. Groundwater resources are unevenly distributed: the largest groundwater volumes are found in the large sedimentary aquifers in the North African countries Libya, Algeria, Egypt and Sudan. Nevertheless, for many African countries appropriately sited and constructed boreholes can support handpump abstraction (yields of 0.10.3ls?1), and contain sufficient storage to sustain abstraction through inter-annual variations in recharge. The maps show further that the potential for higher yielding boreholes (>5ls?1) is much more limited. Therefore, strategies for increasing irrigation or supplying water to rapidly urbanizing cities that are predicated on the widespread drilling of high yielding boreholes are likely to be unsuccessful. As groundwater is the largest and most widely distributed store of freshwater in Africa, the quantitative maps are intended to lead to more realistic assessments of water security and water stress, and to promote a more quantitative approach to mapping of groundwater resources at national and regional level.

A M MacDonald; H C Bonsor; B Dochartaigh; R G Taylor

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

,"New York Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves",10,"Annual",2013,"6301977" ,"Release Date:","124...

153

DRI Research Parks Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Academic Research foundation ) References: DRI Research Parks Ltd1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI...

154

,"New Mexico Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves",10,"Annual",2012,"6301977" ,"Release Date:","410...

155

,"California Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves",10,"Annual",2012,"6301977" ,"Release Date:","4...

156

Propane earth materials drying techniques and technologies.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A feasibility study for the use of propane as a subbase drying technique. Michael Blahut (1) Dr. Vernon Schaefer (2) Dr. Chris Williams (3) The (more)

Blahut, Michael Edward

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

,"New York Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves",10,"Annual",2012,"6301977" ,"Release Date:","410...

158

Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mexico, and South Africa) agreed on the Gleneagles Plan of Action on Climate Change, Clean Energy, and Sustainable

Mills, Evan; World Bank

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

South Africa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa: Energy Resources South Africa: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-30,"lon":26,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

160

Nebraska Preparing for the Upcoming Heating Season  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Drivers * Crops Proactive Moves Heating Season Preparations by Nebraska Dealers * Contracting a bigger percentage of the amount of propane or heating oil that they estimate...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

CHINA-AFRICA RELATIONS GOVERNANCE, PEACE AND SECURITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHINA-AFRICA RELATIONS GOVERNANCE, PEACE AND SECURITY Editors Mulugeta Gebrehiwot Berhe and Liu Hongwu #12;CHINA-AFRICA RELATIONS GOVERNANCE, PEACE AND SECURITY Editors Mulugeta Gebrehiwot Berhe of China China's Evolving Policy towards Peace and Security in Africa: Constructing a new paradigm

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

162

Precambrian Africa and South America as a Single Continent  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... They include the problems of whether the reactivation of granitic basement is due to a thermal high in crust of no more than normal thickness, or to thickening of crust ... are denoted as follows: , South and South-west Africa; Central Africa; *, Sudan; , West Africa; O, South America. The apparent polar wander path is that ...

J. D. A. PIPER; J. C. BRIDEN; KEITH LOMAX

1973-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

163

The carbon balance of Africa: synthesis of recent research studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...largest source after energy, and most of this...From 2000 to 2005, Africa showed the highest...stations, powered by solar panels and equipped...columnar content over Africa from the existing...carbon dioxide and energy exchange in shrub...Burkina Faso (West Africa)J. Geophys. Res...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Ganoderma in South Africa Article prepared by Dr Martin Coetzee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ganoderma in South Africa Article prepared by Dr Martin Coetzee Ganoderma is a genus of wood-wide. In South Africa, a number of Ganoderma species have been reported from various indigenous and introduced linked with this disease in South Africa are G. lucidum and G. applinatum. It is known, however

165

An early date for cattle from Namaqualand, South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An early date for cattle from Namaqualand, South Africa: implications for the origins of herding did cattle come to South Africa? Radiocarbon dates on a newly found cow horn indicates a time, the authors favour immigrants moving along a western route through Namibia. Keywords: South Africa

166

Study in South Africa and Lesotho A Curriculum Development Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Teachers Study in South Africa and Lesotho A Curriculum Development Project Integrating Visual Arts about the cultures and history of the Basotho people of southern Africa Participate in seminars-Hays award, graduate credit and/or CEUs Visit non-malarial and low risk areas in southern Africa and enjoy

Viola, Ronald

167

Introduction The Waterberg Group of South Africa, together with the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction The Waterberg Group of South Africa, together with the Soutpansberg Group, Palapye Paleomagnetism of the lower two unconformity-bounded sequences of the Waterberg Group, South Africa: Towards, South Africa e-mail: glgy5@na.rau.ac.za D.A.D. Evans Department of Geology and Geophysics, Yale

168

Cryphonectria canker on Tibouchina in South Africa Henrietta MYBURG1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cryphonectria canker on Tibouchina in South Africa Henrietta MYBURG1 , Marieka GRYZENHOUT2 , Ronald, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, 0002, South Africa. 2 Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, 0002, South Africa. 3 Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute

169

Aspects of Drama: Contemporary South Africa in Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aspects of Drama: Contemporary South Africa in Performance Professor: Tyler Rivenbark This course in South Africa, whether lunch in a café or a hike through Table Mountain. Other excursions will include the Old Biscuit Mill, Kalk Bay, Cape Point, Robben Island and more. Humans and Nature in South Africa

Johnson Jr.,, Ray

170

VT Exchange Program in South Africa University of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VT Exchange Program in South Africa University of the Free State Jim McKenna jamckenn@vt.edu http://www.ufs.ac.za/ #12;Republic of South Africa South African Provinces Fly into Bloemfontein in the Free State #12;Kruger National Park #12;Travels in South Africa Cape Town & Stellenbosch #12;

Buehrer, R. Michael

171

Precipitation scavenging, dry deposition, and resuspension. Volume 2: dry deposition and resuspension  

SciTech Connect

Papers are presented under the headings: dry deposition of gases, dry deposition of particles, wind erosion, plutonium deposition and resuspension, air-sea exchange, tropical and polar, global scale, and future studies.

Pruppacher, H.R.; Semanin, R.G.; Slinn, W.G.N.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Energy, Industry, and Transport in South-Central Africas History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy must be seen in interaction with transportation and industry in order for its role in South-Central Africa to be fully understood. All threeenergy, industry, and transportationare themselves always socialized and ...

Mavhunga, Clapperton Chakanets

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Cold vacuum drying facility 90% design review  

SciTech Connect

This document contains review comment records for the CVDF 90% design review. Spent fuels retrieved from the K Basins will be dried at the CVDF. It has also been recommended that the Multi-Conister Overpacks be welded, inspected, and repaired at the CVD Facility before transport to dry storage.

O`Neill, C.T.

1997-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

174

South Africa-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in South Africa-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy Countries (URBAN-LEDS) Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy Countries (URBAN-LEDS) Agency/Company /Organization ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability, European Commission, UN Habitat Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Buildings, Buildings - Commercial, Buildings - Residential, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.iclei.org/fileadmin Program Start 2012 Program End 2015 Country South Africa Southern Africa

175

South Africa-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation South Africa-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: South Africa-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Name South Africa-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Denmark Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.unep.org/climatecha Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country South Africa UN Region Central America References Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)[1]

176

Influenza Seasonality: Underlying Causes and Modeling Theories  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...sporadic localized outbreaks. Such cases...mathematical models (31, 68...climates, flu infections...epidemics and outbreaks occur in tropical...seasonality. Flu season is characterized...dissemination model poses intriguing...accurately predict the incidence...respiratory syndrome outbreak at the Amoy...

Eric Lofgren; N. H. Fefferman; Y. N. Naumov; J. Gorski; E. N. Naumova

2006-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

177

Regimes of the North Australian Wet Season  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The variability of the north Australian wet season is examined by performing cluster analysis on the wind and thermodynamic information contained in the 2300 UTC radiosonde data at Darwin for 49 wet seasons (SeptemberApril) from 1957/58 to 2005/...

Mick Pope; Christian Jakob; Michael J. Reeder

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-ESMAP Low Carbon Growth Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Transportation Topics GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Publications, Case studies/examples Website http://www.esmap.org/ Country South Africa Southern Africa References World Bank, ESMAP - Low Carbon Growth Country Studies - Getting Started[1] Overview "To facilitate the implementation of the Long-Term Mitigation Scenario developed by the Government of South Africa in 2006, the South Africa study focuses on building capacity for energy efficiency and demand-side

179

South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme Sector Energy Focus Area Buildings Topics Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Pathways analysis, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.unep.org/sbci/pdfs/ Country South Africa UN Region Southern Africa References South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings[1] South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings Screenshot "This report aims to provide: a summary quantification of the influence of buildings on climate

180

Integrated Southern Africa Business Advisory INSABA | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Integrated Southern Africa Business Advisory INSABA Integrated Southern Africa Business Advisory INSABA Jump to: navigation, search Name Integrated Southern Africa Business Advisory (INSABA) Place Berlin, Germany Zip 10785 Sector Renewable Energy Product Berlin-based, high profile business advisory network for renewable energy. References Integrated Southern Africa Business Advisory (INSABA)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Integrated Southern Africa Business Advisory (INSABA) is a company located in Berlin, Germany . References ↑ "Integrated Southern Africa Business Advisory (INSABA)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Integrated_Southern_Africa_Business_Advisory_INSABA&oldid=347010

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Carbon Capture and Storage in Southern Africa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Southern Africa Southern Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Carbon Capture and Storage in Southern Africa: An assessment of the rationale, possibilities and capacity needs to enable CO2 capture and storage in Botswana, Mozambique and Namibia Agency/Company /Organization Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands Topics Background analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type Publications Website http://www.ecn.nl/docs/library Country Mozambique, Namibia, Botswana Eastern Africa, Southern Africa, Southern Africa References CCS in Southern Africa[1] Abstract "In April 2010, a series of workshops on CO2 capture and storage were held in Botswana, Mozambique and Namibia, attended by a total of about 100 participants. The objectives of the workshops were to provide a thorough

182

Information Technology Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008C  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technology Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008C General; Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia

Albrecht, David

183

Microsoft Word - S08364_SeasonalVariation  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Groundwater Groundwater Constituents and Seasonal Variation at the Riverton, Wyoming, Processing Site February 2012 LMS/RVT/S08364 This page intentionally left blank U.S. Department of Energy Evaluation of Groundwater Constituents and Seasonal Variation, Riverton, Wyoming February 2012 Doc. No. S08364 Page 1 Evaluation of Groundwater Constituents and Seasonal Variation at the Riverton, Wyoming, Processing Site Executive Summary Historical groundwater monitoring at the Riverton site included collecting samples for a variety of analyses, including general water quality, inorganics, metals, and radionuclides. Evaluations of these constituents were conducted and presented in past documents, which resulted in four constituents of concern (COCs). This paper presents a reevaluation of 47 constituents using

184

Integrated Ingredients Dehydrated Agricultural Drying Low Temperature  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ingredients Dehydrated Agricultural Drying Low Temperature Ingredients Dehydrated Agricultural Drying Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Integrated Ingredients Dehydrated Agricultural Drying Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Integrated Ingredients Dehydrated Sector Geothermal energy Type Agricultural Drying Location Empire, Nevada Coordinates 40.5757352°, -119.34213° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

185

Resuspension and dry deposition research needs  

SciTech Connect

The author concludes that better predictive models are needed for the signifcant health, ecological, and economic impacts of resuspended particles and their subsequent dry deposition. Both chemical and radioactive aerosols are discussed. (PSB)

Sehmel, G.A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Advanced wet-dry cooling tower concept  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this years' work has been to test and analyze the new dry cooling tower surface previously developed. The model heat transfer test apparatus built last year has been instrumented for temperature, humidity ...

Snyder, Troxell Kimmel

187

Powering Africa?s sustainable development: The potential role of nuclear energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The electricity deficit is one of the most serious contemporary issues facing sub-Saharan Africa. Many countries in the region have insufficient generation capacity to meet rapidly rising demand. Electricity shortages have become a binding and powerful constraint on the continent?s sustainable development. Their resolution will require coordinated effort to improve the effectiveness and governance of the region?s utilities and to significantly scale-up generation capacity. A broad portfolio of low carbon (low-C) technologies needs to be deployed in order to address the electricity deficit in a cost-effective way and not be disruptive to economic growth. Since nuclear power can deliver low-C electricity in bulk, reliably and without intermittency, it could make a significant contribution towards resolving Africa?s power crisis. However, the post-Fukushima safety concerns related to large nuclear plants with substantial radioactive inventories will be especially pronounced in Africa. Moreover, large scale reactors with huge upfront investment requirements are likely to be unsuitable for capital-constrained African countries with small electricity grids. One promising direction for nuclear development in Africa might be to downsize reactors from the gigawatt scale to less-complex smaller units (with substantially smaller radioactive inventory) that are more affordable.

Ioannis N. Kessides

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Amendment 1 - Dry-type power transformers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Specifies requirements for dry-type power transformers (including auto-transformers) having values of highest voltage for equipment up to and including 36 kV. The following small and special dry-type transformers are not covered by this standard: -instrument transformers (covered by IEC 60185 and 60186); -transformers for static convertors (covered by IEC 60084, 60119 and 60146). Where IEC standards do not exist for other special transformers, this standard may be applicable as a whole or in part.

International Electrotechnical Commission. Geneva

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Compression of cooked freeze-dried carrots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Reduction in volume of up to 18-fold can be obtained by com- pressing dehydrated vegetables (Rabman, 1969). During World War II, the United Kingdom produced dehydrated cabbage and carrots in compressed blocks (Gooding and Rolfe, 1967). Fairbrother (1968...-propanol at low concentration by freeze-drying carbohydrate solutions. J. of Food Sci. 37:617. Flosdorf, E. W. 1949. "Freeze-drying, " Reinhold Publishing Co. , New York. Gooding, E. B. B. and Rolfe, E. J. 1957. Some Recent Work on Dehy- dration...

Macphearson, Bruce Alan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

190

Steam atmosphere drying exhaust steam recompression system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to a heated steam atmosphere drying system comprising dryer in combination with an exhaust recompression system which is extremely energy efficient and eliminates dangers known to air dryers. The system uses superheated steam as the drying medium, which recirculates through the system where its heat of evaporation and heat of compression is recovered, thereby providing a constant source of heat to the drying chamber. The dryer has inlets whereby feedstock and superheated steam are fed therein. High heat transfer and drying rates are achieved by intimate contact of the superheated steam with the particles being dried. The dryer comprises a vessel which enables the feedstock and steam to enter and recirculate together. When the feedstock becomes dry it will exit the dryer with the steam and become separated from the steam through the use of a curvilinear louver separator (CLS). The CLS enables removal of fine and ultrafine particles from the dryer. Water vapor separated from the particles in the CLS as superheated steam, may then be recovered and recirculated as steam through the use of a compressor to either directly or indirectly heat the dryer, and a heat exchanger or a heater to directly provide heat to the dryer. This system not only provides a very efficient heat transfer system but results in a minimum carry-over of ultrafine particles thereby eliminating any explosive hazard. 17 figures.

Becker, F.E.; Smolensky, L.A.; Doyle, E.F.; DiBella, F.A.

1994-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

191

The Economic Impact of The Coca-Cola System on South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Economic Impact of The Coca-Cola System on South Africa Prepared by Division of Research March 2005 SOUTH AFRICA SOUTH AFRICA #12;The Economic Impact of The Coca-Cola System on South Africa-Cola system's economic impact on South Africa. Conducted during 2003-04, the study represents a wide

Almor, Amit

192

APORDE -African Programme on Rethinking Development Economics 5 -19 May 2011, Johannesburg, South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Africa Supported by the Department of Trade and Industry of South Africa (the dti), the French Development Agency (AFD), and the French Embassy in South Africa, with the French Institute of South Africa Development Economics APORDE) will be held in Johannesburg (South Africa) from the 5th to the 19th of May 2011

Wagner, Stephan

193

Propane: A Mid-heating Season Assessment  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9, 2001 9, 2001 Propane - A Mid-Heating Season Assessment by David Hinton and Alice Lippert, Petroleum Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration In early October 2000, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) forecast that heating fuel markets would be expected to start the season with much higher prices and lower inventories than in recent years. While this assessment was true for both the heating oil and natural gas markets, propane markets actually began the season with adequate supplies but with high prices. Since EIA's forecast, propane inventories have plunged nearly 20 million barrels from their peak during the first half of the 2000-01 heating season while propane prices have continued to soar even higher than expected during this same period. This report will analyze some

194

On the Seasonality of the Hadley Cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The annual march of the climatological mean meridional circulations (MMCs) in the NCEPNCAR reanalyses is dominated by two components of roughly comparable mean-squared amplitude: 1) a seasonally invariant pair of Hadley cells with rising ...

Ioana M. Dima; John M. Wallace

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Texas State Offshore Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production (Billion Cubic Feet) Texas State Offshore Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

196

Louisiana State Offshore Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production (Billion Cubic Feet) Louisiana State Offshore Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

197

California State Offshore Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production (Billion Cubic Feet) California State Offshore Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

198

High Burnup Dry Storage Cask Research and Development Project...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

High Burnup Dry Storage Cask Research and Development Project: Final Test Plan High Burnup Dry Storage Cask Research and Development Project: Final Test Plan The potential need to...

199

South Africa-World Bank Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Activities Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-World Bank Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Country South Africa Southern Africa References World Bank Climate Project Database - South Africa[1] Contents 1 Active World Bank Climate Projects in South Africa 1.1 South African Cities EE and RE program 1.2 RE Market Transformation - Global Env. Project 1.3 ESKOM Power Investment Support Project 1.4 Durban Landfill Gas-to-Electricity Project, Carbon Offset 2 References Active World Bank Climate Projects in South Africa South African Cities EE and RE program (.4M - Active) RE Market Transformation - Global Env. Project (6M - Active) ESKOM Power Investment Support Project - IBRD/IDA (3750M -

200

Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Economic Commission for Africa Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications Website: www.uneca.org/eca_resources/publications/unea-publication-tocsd15.pdf References: Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa[1] Overview "Over the last four decades, the gap between energy supply and demand in Africa has been growing. Projections by experts in the field forecast that

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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201

South Africa-REEEP EERE Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-REEEP EERE Activities South Africa-REEEP EERE Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-REEEP EERE Activities Agency/Company /Organization Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Country South Africa Southern Africa References REEEP project database[1] REEEP EERE Activities in South Africa Commercialisation of Large scale Solar Water Heating Systems - To establish a facility for Solar Water Heating (SWH) to scale-up current activities in large scale SWH-applications Developing a Vehicle for SWH Mass Implementation in SA - Assisting at least three cities in developing vehicles for the mass rollout of solar water heaters. Integrated Rural Energy Utility (IREU) Roadmap Facilitate the

202

Mobile Climate Monitoring Facility to Sample Skies in Africa | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mobile Climate Monitoring Facility to Sample Skies in Africa Mobile Climate Monitoring Facility to Sample Skies in Africa Mobile Climate Monitoring Facility to Sample Skies in Africa January 18, 2006 - 10:47am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. -- The U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is placing a new, portable atmospheric laboratory with sophisticated instruments and data systems in Niger, Africa, to gain a better understanding of the potential impacts of Saharan dust on global climate. Dust from Africa's Sahara desert-the largest source of dust on the planet-reaches halfway around the globe. Carried by winds and clouds, the dust travels through West African, Mediterranean, and European skies, and across the Atlantic into North America. Unfortunately, Africa is one of the most under-sampled climate regimes in the world, leaving scientists to

203

Developing Energy Enterprises Programme in Africa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Enterprises Programme in Africa Energy Enterprises Programme in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Developing Energy Enterprises Programme in Africa Agency/Company /Organization Global Village Energy Partnership (GVEP) Sector Energy Topics Market analysis, Background analysis Website http://www.gvepinternational.o Program Start 2008 Program End 2013 Country Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania Eastern Africa, Eastern Africa, Eastern Africa References GVEP Regional Activities [1] "GVEP International set up the Developing Energy Enterprises Programme (DEEP) in 2008. Spanning five years, the programme aims to provide modern energy services and products to 1.8 million people in rural and peri-urban Areas in the East African countries of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania." References ↑ "GVEP Regional Activities"

204

South Africa - Climate Change Risks and Opportunities for the Economy |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Risks and Opportunities for the Economy Risks and Opportunities for the Economy Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa - Climate Change Risks and Opportunities for the Economy Agency/Company /Organization Camco Sector Energy, Climate Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Economic Development Topics Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.climateriskandoppor Country South Africa UN Region Southern Africa References South Africa - Climate Change[1] South Africa - Climate Change Risks and Opportunities for the Economy Screenshot "The analysis contained in this report is focused on providing a framework and overview for evaluating the economic implications of climate change for South Africa. A further objective of the report is to act as a precursor

205

Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program Agency/Company /Organization: ENERGIA: International Network on Gender and Sustainability Energy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Biomass Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.energia.org/fileadmin/files/media/pubs/Guide%20on%20gender%20mains Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program Screenshot References: Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program[1] Overview "The Africa Biogas Partnership Programme (ABPP) is a six country initiative

206

South Africa-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative South Africa-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative Jump to: navigation, search Logo: South Africa-WRI Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Project Name South Africa-WRI Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Project Agency/Company /Organization World Resources Institute (WRI) Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -NAMA Resource Type Case studies/examples, Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices, Training materials, Workshop Website http://www.wri.org/mapt Program Start 2011 Country South Africa Southern Africa References Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Project[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Resources 3 Partners 4 References Overview Developing countries are increasingly undertaking mitigation efforts in

207

Chapter 3 - Harnessing and Integrating Africa's Renewable Energy Resources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Africas long-term economic growth and competitiveness fundamentally depend on reliable access to energy services; yet, the population of Sub-Saharan Africa lags far behind the rest of the world in terms of access to electricity. Recent technological advancements as well as significant drops in associated costs present the African continent with a momentous opportunity to leapfrog to modern renewable energy. Although there is general recognition among African governments that renewable power provides huge opportunities given the continents enormous resources, the lack of coherent, consistent policies, technical skills, institutional capacity, infrastructure and financial incentives remains a major barrier for wide-spread adoption. In this chapter we review i. the significant role of renewables in mitigating Africas key energy challenges; and ii. the importance of coordinated efforts from all angles in guiding Africa towards a cleaner, more sustainable energy future.

Ijeoma Onyeji

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

South Africa-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory South Africa-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: South Africa-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Name South Africa-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Agency/Company /Organization Climate Technology Initiative (CTI), United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Partner International Centre for Environmental Technology Transfer Sector Energy Focus Area Agriculture, Biomass, - Biofuels, - Landfill Gas, - Waste to Energy, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

209

Africa - Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa - Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy Poverty and Avoid GHG Emissions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Technical Potential of...

210

Renewable energy for sustainable development in Africa: a review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Renewable energy usage in Africa has been reviewed using South Africa, Egypt, Nigeria and Mali as case studies. The various national energy policies of these countries were analysed and areas that require attention to achieve sustainability were highlighted. On the overall, the success of sustainable development in Africa lies in addressing the imminent energy crisis in the continent. Excessive usage of fuel wood is already creating considerable environmental problems especially in the Sahel. Africa has all the potentials to solve its energy problems if appropriate infrastructural support can be provided for harnessing the abundant renewable resources in the continent, and if skills are pooled together and experiences shared in addressing the key issues.

I.M. Bugaje

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Trade liberalisation, prices and the skill premium in South Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??We look at how trade liberalisation, working through product prices, has affected the skill premium in South Africa over the period 1990-2009. Our main finding (more)

Mashiane, Jeffrey.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Power Africa's Beyond the Grid Increasing Access through Small...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

1 billion into off-grid and small scale solutions for this underserved market. These private sector commitments will help Power Africa meet and exceed its commitment to...

213

South Africa Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reduction Potential and Implementing NAMAs Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing Countries and the...

214

"OUT OF AFRICA: GENETICS AND HUMAN MIGRATIONS", Prof. Gyan Bhanot...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7, 2012, 9:30am Science On Saturday MBG Auditorium "OUT OF AFRICA: GENETICS AND HUMAN MIGRATIONS", Prof. Gyan Bhanot, Department of Molecular Biology, Biochemistry and Physics,...

215

South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Potentials from Buildings Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings AgencyCompany Organization...

216

Africa's Infrastructure: A Time for Transformation | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

References Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleAfrica%27sInfrastructure:ATimeforTransformation&oldid772178" Categories: Tools LEDS...

217

South Africa-NREL Energy Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-NREL Cooperation AgencyCompany Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Topics Background analysis Website http:www1.eere.energy.govso Country South...

218

South Africa-IEA Network of Expertise in Energy Technology |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Expertise in Energy Technology Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-IEA Cooperation AgencyCompany Organization International Energy Agency Sector Energy Focus Area...

219

Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Data and Information Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Access, Understanding...

220

South Africa-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in Emerging Economy Countries (URBAN-LEDS) Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy Countries...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

South Africa-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

"EC-LEDS" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleSouthAfrica-EnhancingCapacityforLowEmissionDevelopmentStrategies(EC-LEDS)&oldid698590" Category:...

222

South Africa-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleSouthAfrica-FacilitatingImplementationandReadinessforMitigation(FIRM)&oldid70000...

223

Author Addresses: J.A. van Biljon, School of Computing, University of South Africa, P O Box 392, UNISA, 0003, South Africa; vbiljja@unisa.ac.za  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Addresses: J.A. van Biljon, School of Computing, University of South Africa, P O Box 392, UNISA, 0003, South Africa; vbiljja@unisa.ac.za P Kotze, School of Computing, University of South Africa, P O Box 392, UNISA, 0003, South Africa; kotzep@unisa.ac.za K. V. Renaud, Department of Computing Science, The University

Williamson, John

224

The Third International and the Struggle for National Liberation in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Communist Party of South Africa, 1921-1980 (London, 1980of national liberation in South Africa. 66 Nevertheless, thes Struggle for Freedom in South Africa (London, 1966), pp.

Kelley, Robin D.G.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Creating New Leaders: Youth Involvement in Community Activism in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

August 5, 2009, Qumbu, South Africa. Bibliography Besteman,and William H. Worger. South Africa: The Rise and Fall of2009, Cape Town, South Africa. 23 Sipho, youth participant,

Reed, Amber R

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Youth: Born Frees and the Predicament of Being Young in Post-Apartheid South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Culture of Letters in South Africa. New Haven and London:M. 1978. Black Power in South Africa: The Evolution of anof African Politics in South Africa, 1882-1964. 5 vols. Vol.

Mokoena, Hlonipha A.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Nation-Building Through Film in Post-Apartheid South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cinema 1979-1991, (South Africa: Showdata, Botha, Martin.and William H. Worger. South Africa: The Rise and Fall ofGray. Isidingo, (South Africa: Endemol Entertainment and

Milstein, Emily

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Mutual Gains and Distributive Ideologies in South Africa: Theorizing Negotiations between Communities and Protected Areas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paradigm. Pretoria: IUCN South Africa. Terblanche, Andr andUse on the Wild Coast, South Africa. M.Sc. Thesis. RhodesRichtersveld National Park, South Africa. Biodiversity and

Fay, Derick A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Breaking news: Biological control agent for Thaumastocoris peregrinus to be released in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

milestone in terms of ensuring sustainable plantation forestry in South Africa was safe to release in South Africa as a biological control agent. The release strategy for C. noackae in South Africa must still be finalized. But

230

The Effect of Labor Migration and Remittances on Children's Education Among Blacks in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1995-1998. Pp. 83-94 in Measuring Poverty in South Africa.Pretoria: Statistics South Africa. Carter, M.R. and J.and Class in Rural South Africa. World Development 27(1):

Lu, Yao; Treiman, Donald J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

TESTING VIRGINITY: HIV/AIDS, MODERNITY & ETHNICITY IN POST-APARTHEID SOUTH AFRICA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1964. Davenport, T.R.H. South Africa: a modern history. 4thIn The Oxford History of South Africa, edited by Monica L.Gilliomee. The shaping of South Africa 1652?1840. Cape Town:

Leak, Tia-Nicole

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

E-Print Network 3.0 - africas export trade Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

africas export trade Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Welcome to the Third World Network-Africa (TWN-Africa) Blog Summary: report PRESS RELEASE Trade liberalization has not improved...

233

Running dry at the power plant  

SciTech Connect

In the future, competition for water will require electricity generators in the United States to address conservation of fresh water. There are a number of avenues to consider. One is to use dry-cooling and dry-scrubbing technologies. Another is to find innovative ways to recycle water within the power plant itself. A third is to find and use alternative sources of water, including wastewater supplies from municipalities, agricultural runoff, blackish groundwater, or seawater. Dry technologies are usually more capital intensive and typically exact a penalty in terms of plant performance, which in turn raises the cost of power generation. On the other hand, if the cost of water increases in response to greater demand, the cost differences between dry and wet technologies will be reduced. EPRI has a substantial R & D programme evaluating new water-conserving power plant technologies, improving dry and hybrid cooling technologies, reducing water losses in cooling towers, using degraded water sources and developing resource assessment and management decision support tools. 5 refs., 10 figs.

Barker, B.

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

NOVA Making Stuff Season 2  

SciTech Connect

Over the course of four weeks in fall 2013, 11.7 million Americans tuned in to PBS to follow host David Pogue as he led them in search of engineering and scientific breakthroughs poised to change our world. Levitating trains, quantum computers, robotic bees, and bomb-detecting plantsthese were just a few of the cutting-edge innovations brought into the living rooms of families across the country in NOVAs four-part series, Making Stuff: Faster, Wilder, Colder, and Safer. Each of the four one-hour programs gave viewers a behind-the-scenes look at novel technologies poised to change our worldshowing them how basic research and scientific discovery can hold the keys to transforming how we live. Making Stuff Season 2 (MS2) combined true entertainment with educational value, creating a popular and engaging series that brought accessible science into the homes of millions. NOVAs goal to engage the public with such technological innovation and basic research extended beyond the broadcast series, including a variety of online, educational, and promotional activities: original online science reporting, web-only short-form videos, a new online quiz-game, social media engagement and promotion, an educational outreach toolkit for science educators to create their own makerspaces, an online community of practice, a series of nationwide Innovation Cafs, educator professional development, a suite of teacher resources, an Idealab, participation in national conferences, and specialized station relation and marketing. A summative evaluation of the MS2 project indicates that overall, these activities helped make a significant impact on the viewers, users, and participants that NOVA reached. The final evaluation conducted by Concord Evaluation Group (CEG) confidently concluded that the broadcast, website, and outreach activities were successful at achieving the projects intended impacts. CEG reported that the MS2 series and website content were successful in raising awareness and sparking interest in innovation, and increased public awareness that basic research leads to technological innovation; this interest was also sustained over a six month period. Efforts to create an online community of practice were also successful: the quality of collaboration increased, and community members felt supported while using Maker pedagogy. These findings provide clear evidence that large-scale science media projects like MS2 are an effective means of moving the needle on attitudes about and excitement for science. NOVAs broadcast audience and ratings have always indicated that a large portion of the population is interested in and engages with educational science media on a weekly basis. Yet these evaluation results provide the empirical evidence that beyond being capable of attracting, maintaining, and growing a dedicated group of citizens interested in science, these showswith their diverse content provided on a variety of media channelsare capable of sparking new interest in science, raising public awareness of the importance of science, and maintaining and growing that interest over time. In a country where approximately a quarter of the population doesnt know the earth rotates around the sun,1 roughly half still dont accept evolution,2 and about 20% dont think climate change is happening,3 the importance of these findings cannot be overstated. The success of MS2 suggests that large-scale media projects dedicated to and linked by coverage of scientific big ideas are an effective means of shifting public opinion onand improving understanding ofscience. REFERENCES 1, 2 National Science Foundation, Science and Engineering Indicators (2014). Chapter 7: Science and Technology: Public Attitudes and Understanding. 3 Leiserowitz, A., Maibach, E., Roser-Renouf, C., Feinberg, G., & Rosenthal, S. (2014) Climate change in the American mind: April, 2014. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Project on Climate Change Communication.

Leombruni, Lisa; Paulsen, Christine Andrews

2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

235

Dry ports: a lacuna in Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper examines the needs for dry ports in Sri Lanka, where none exists now, using the inputs from the stake holders in the logistics industry to fulfil a vacuum of some scholarly literature on the topic which is not sufficiently discussed. A hybrid approach comprising both quantitative and qualitative methods was used to analyse the topic using the data collected through surveys and literary sources. Resultant conclusion is that the dry ports are needed in Sri Lanka as a solution to capacity issues of the sea port and the roads and the railways could play prominent role in this context. Findings of the research show that dry ports could offer a relief to heavily congested roads of Colombo city and the port infrastructure.

Jayantha Rathnayake; Lu Jing; A.W. Wijeratne

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Nutritional Correlates of the "Lean Season": Effects of Seasonality and Frugivory on the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and energy intakes, though season had an independent effect. These results suggest that factors restricting, Bronx, NY 6 Department of Anthropology, Hunter College, City University of New York, New York, NY 7 New to understand 1) how macronutrient and energy intakes vary seasonally, including whether these intakes respond

Rothman, Jessica M.

237

E-Print Network 3.0 - africa ca 1650-1850 Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summary: Development Working Paper Series Governing electricity in South Africa: wind, coal and power struggles Lucy... in South Africa: wind, coal and power struggles1 Lucy...

238

E-Print Network 3.0 - africa economics experiment Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: africa economics experiment Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Economic Development of Africa -WS10...

239

South Africa-Integrating Sub-national Actors into National Mitigation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA Program Start 2011 Program End 2014 Country South Africa Southern Africa References Deutsche Gesellschaft fr Internationale Zusammenarbeit...

240

E-Print Network 3.0 - age south africa Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

south africa Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: age south africa Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Transportation in Developing Countries...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

E-Print Network 3.0 - africa identification evolution Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: africa identification evolution Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 South Atlantic margins of Africa....

242

Dry-Mass Sensing for Microfluidics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dry-Mass Sensing for Microfluidics T. Muller,1 D. A. White,1 and T. P. J. Knowles1, a) Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road, Cambridge CB2 1EW, United Kingdom (Dated: 25 November 2014) We present an approach... for interfacing an electromechanical sensor with a microfluidic device for the accurate quantification of the dry mass of analytes within microchannels. We show that depositing solutes onto the active surface of a quartz crystal microbalance by means of an on...

Mller, T.; White, D. A.; Knowles, T. P. J.

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

243

Agreements --Africa 27 28 Atlas of International Freshwater Agreements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agreements -- Africa 27 AFRICA #12;28 Atlas of International Freshwater Agreements Congo/Zaire* Total area: 3,699,100 km2 Area of Basin in Country Countries km2 % Congo, Democratic Republic of (Kinshasa) 2,307,800 62.39 Central African Republic 402,000 10.87 Angola 291,500 7.88 Congo, Republic

Wolf, Aaron

244

Azania XLII 2007 East Africa, the Comoros Islands and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Azania XLII 2007 East Africa, the Comoros Islands and Madagascar before the sixteenth century interior and on outlying islands (Comoros, Madagascar) or were composed of lower classes in urban expansion and private enterprise. #12;16 East Africa, the Comoros Islands and Madagascar before

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

245

Extractive Institutions and Gains From Trade: Evidence from Colonial Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. First, because of the low population densities of French Africa and the high cost of labor rela- tive (2013) tests this hypothesis in the African context showing that lower population density is correlatedExtractive Institutions and Gains From Trade: Evidence from Colonial Africa Federico Tadei A common

Faraon, Andrei

246

Interannual variability of photosynthesis across Africa and its attribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interannual variability of photosynthesis across Africa and its attribution Christopher A. Williams of photosynthesis across the African continent during the period 1982�2003. Acute soil water stress emerges as the primary factor driving interannual variability of photosynthesis for most of Africa. Southern savannas

Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

247

South Africa-Quantifying Emission Reduction Opportunities in Emerging  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Quantifying Emission Reduction Opportunities in Emerging South Africa-Quantifying Emission Reduction Opportunities in Emerging Economies Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Quantifying Emission Reduction Opportunities in Emerging Economies Agency/Company /Organization Ecofys Sector Energy Topics Background analysis, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Pathways analysis Website http://www.ecofys.com/files/fi Program Start 2009 Country South Africa Southern Africa References G8 Climate Scorecards[1] Overview Ecofys developed emission reduction scenarios for the G5 developing countries including; business as usual, no- regret, and ambitious scenarios. They also evaluated current national climate plans. From the study: "The participation of emerging economies is one of the major items of discussion on a future international climate regime. Action

248

South Africa-Capital Markets Climate Initiative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Capital Markets Climate Initiative South Africa-Capital Markets Climate Initiative Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Capital Markets Climate Initiative Agency/Company /Organization World Economic Forum Partner UK Department of Energy and Climate Sector Climate Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Website http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/cont Country South Africa Southern Africa References CMCI[1] World Economic Forum[2] The Capital Markets Climate Initiative (CMCI) is a public-private initiative designed to support the scale up of private finance flows for low carbon technologies, solutions and infrastructure in developing economies by: Developing a common understanding amongst policy makers of why and how public sector action can help mobilise private capital and encourage

249

South Africa Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in South Africa Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing Countries and the Development of Methods and Instruments for Identifying Reduction Potential and Implementing NAMAs Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing Countries and the Development of Methods and Instruments for Identifying Reduction Potential and Implementing NAMAs Agency/Company /Organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Greenhouse Gas Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Market analysis Website http://www.giz.de/en/ Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country South Africa Southern Africa

250

South Africa HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

South Africa HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration South Africa HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > content > Four-Year Plan > South Africa HEU Removal South Africa HEU Removal Location South Africa United States 30° 33' 35.0604" S, 22° 19' 27.1884" E See map: Google Maps Printer-friendly version Printer-friendly version

251

Solar Energy for Africa SEFA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SEFA SEFA Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar Energy for Africa (SEFA) Place Kampala, Uganda Sector Solar, Wind energy Product Involved in the sales of solar and wind products, design installation and maintenance. References Solar Energy for Africa (SEFA)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Solar Energy for Africa (SEFA) is a company located in Kampala, Uganda . References ↑ "Solar Energy for Africa (SEFA)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Solar_Energy_for_Africa_SEFA&oldid=351267" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version

252

ESMAP-Rural Electrification Strategies/Africa Electrification Initiative  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Strategies/Africa Electrification Initiative Strategies/Africa Electrification Initiative (RES-AEI) Jump to: navigation, search Name ESMAP-Rural Electrification Strategies/Africa Electrification Initiative (RES-AEI) Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank (ESMAP) Partner World Bank, International Finance Corporation (IFC) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Grid Assessment and Integration Topics Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Implementation, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.esmap.org/esmap/RES Program Start 2008 References ESMAP-Rural Electrification Strategies/Africa Electrification Initiative (RES-AEI)[1] "In early 2008, ESMAP launched the Lighting Africa initiative to provide up

253

Hog Fuel Drying Using Vapour Recompression  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A continuous hog fuel drying pilot plant based on the principle of mixing hog fuel with a hot oil (e.g., crude tall oil) as the heat transfer medium, and recirculating the suspension through a steam heated exchanger was designed, built...

Azarniouch, M. K.; MacEachen, I.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Hot-dry-rock geothermal resource 1980  

SciTech Connect

The work performed on hot dry rock (HDR) geothermal resource evaluation, site characterization, and geophysical exploration techniques is summarized. The work was done by region (Far West, Pacific Northwest, Southwest, Rocky Mountain States, Midcontinent, and Eastern) and limited to the conterminous US.

Heiken, G.; Goff, F.; Cremer, G. (ed.)

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

A westward extension of the warm pool leads to a westward extension of the Walker circulation, drying eastern Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

impli- cations, informing agricultural development, environmental conservation, and water resourceA westward extension of the warm pool leads to a westward extension of the Walker circulation than the central tropical Pacific, extending the tropical warm pool to the west by *40° longitude ([4

Williams, Park

256

What's in Season from the Garden State  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the system. New Jersey is deficient in a distribution mechanism which respects and embraces seasonality or restaurants or have refrigerated trucks for deliveries. What the New Jersey wholesale produce distribution it with Jersey and bridge the gap in the system: Gaurino Sons Produce and Zone 7. Guarino Sons Produce Long

Goodman, Robert M.

257

1, 681707, 2004 Seasonal P cycling in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

recycling that takes place in the water10 column. The DOP concentration exhibits two peaks during a seasonal the POP content decreases. This indicates two periods of increased phosphorus recycling activity The southern bight of the North Sea receives nutrients from domestic, industrial and agricultural wastewater

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

258

Implications of diurnal and seasonal variations in renewable energy generation for large scale energy storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large scale implementation of solar and wind powered renewable electricity generation will use up to continent sized connected electricity grids built to distribute the locally fluctuating power. Systematic power output variation will then become manifest since solar power has an evident diurnal period but also surface windswhich are driven by surface temperaturesfollow a diurnal periodic behavior lagging about 4 h in time. On an ordinary day a strong diurnal varying renewable electricity generation results when combining wind and solar power on such continent sized grid. Comparison with possible demand patterns indicates that coping with such systematically varying generation will require large scale renewable energy storage and conversion for timescales and storage capacities of at least up to half a day. Seasonal timescales for versatile high quality generally applicable energy conversion and storage are equally essential since the continent wide insolation varies a factor ?3 e.g. in Europe and Northern Africa together. A first order model for estimating required energy storage and conversion magnitudes is presented taking into account potential diurnal and seasonal energy demand and generation patterns. A few scalable energy storage methods are briefly indicated.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Non-Linear Drying Diffusion and Viscoelastic Drying Shrinkage Modeling in Hardened Cement Pastes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

modeling with an average diffusion coefficient and with determined viscoelastic parameters from creep tests agreed well compared to the shrinkage data from experiments, indicating that drying shrinkage of cement paste may be considered as a poroviscoelastic...

Leung, Chin K.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

260

VoIP Deregulation In South Africa: Implications for Underserviced Areas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VoIP Deregulation In South Africa: Implications for Underserviced Areas Marshini Chetty a marshiniDept of Computer Science, University of Cape Town, South Africa cPolicy Associate, Bridges.org, South Africa Protocol (VoIP) in South Africa. Previously, VoIP could only be utilised by the incumbent

Blake, Edwin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Incomes in South Africa since the fall of Apartheid Murray Leibbrandt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Incomes in South Africa since the fall of Apartheid by Murray Leibbrandt University of Cape Town in South Africa between 1995 and 2000. We document substantial declines--on the order of 40%--in real Africa #12;Incomes in South Africa since the fall of Apartheid Murray Leibbrandt University of Cape Town

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

262

E-Print Network 3.0 - africa case studies Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

studies Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: africa case studies...

263

E-Print Network 3.0 - africa case study Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

study Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: africa case study...

264

Dry-Mass Sensing for Microfluidics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an approach for interfacing an electromechanical sensor with a microfluidic device for the accurate quantification of the dry mass of analytes within microchannels. We show that depositing solutes onto the active surface of a quartz crystal microbalance by means of an on-chip microfluidic spray nozzle and subsequent solvent removal provides the basis for the real-time determination of dry solute mass. Moreover, this detection scheme does not suffer from the decrease in the sensor quality factor and the viscous drag present if the measurement is performed in a liquid environment, yet allows solutions to be analysed. We demonstrate the sensitivity and reliability of our approach by controlled deposition of nanogram levels of salt and protein from a micrometer-sized channel.

Mller, T; Knowles, T P J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Dry Lake Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Farm Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Dry Lake Wind Farm Facility Dry Lake Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Iberdrola Renewables Developer Iberdrola Renewables Energy Purchaser Iberdrola Renewables Location Navajo County AZ Coordinates 34.635651°, -110.357351° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.635651,"lon":-110.357351,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

266

PULSE DRYING EXPERIMENT AND BURNER CONSTRUCTION  

SciTech Connect

Non steady impingement heat transfer is measured. Impingement heating consumes 130 T-BTU/Yr in paper drying, but is only 25% thermally efficient. Pulse impingement is experimentally shown to enhance heat transfer by 2.8, and may deliver thermal efficiencies near 85%. Experimental results uncovered heat transfer deviations from steady theory and from previous investigators, indicating the need for further study and a better theoretical framework. The pulse burner is described, and its roll in pulse impingement is analyzed.

Robert States

2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

267

Application of Desiccant Drying in Plastic Molding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

APPLICATION OF DESICCANT DRYING IN PLASTIC MOLDING Michael Brown, P.E. Greg Connors, P.E. Douglas Moore, P.E. Senior Research Engr. Industrial Engr. Senior Research Engr. Ga. Tech Research Inst. Atlanta Gas Light Co. Ga. Tech Research Inst... will condense on refrigerated display doors. In ice rinks, condensation will occur on the ice surface causing it to soften if the humidity too high. In plastic molding, chilled water is provi ed to rapidly cool the finished parts. Cooling incr...

Brown, M.; Connors, G.; Moore, D.

268

Cold Vacuum Drying Facility hazard analysis report  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the methodology used in conducting the Cold Vacuum Drying Facility (CVDF) hazard analysis to support the CVDF phase 2 safety analysis report (SAR), and documents the results. The hazard analysis was performed in accordance with DOE-STD-3009-94, Preparation Guide for US Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Safety Analysis Reports, and implements the requirements of US Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.23, Nuclear Safety Analysis Reports.

Krahn, D.E.

1998-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

269

eGY-Africa: Addressing the Digital Divide for Science in Africa  

SciTech Connect

Adoption of information and communication technologies and access to the Internet is expanding in Africa, but because of the rapid growth elsewhere, a Digital Divide between Africa and the rest of the world exists, and the gap is growing. In many sub-Saharan African countries, education and research sector suffers some of the worst deficiencies in access to the Internet, despite progress in development of NRENs - National Research and Education (cyber) Networks. By contrast, it is widely acknowledged in policy statements from the African Union, the UN, and others that strength in this very sector provides the key to meeting and sustaining Millennium Development Goals. Developed countries with effective cyber-capabilities proclaim the benefits to rich and poor alike arising from the Information Revolution. This is but a dream for many scientists in African institutions. As the world of science becomes increasingly Internet-dependent, so they become increasingly isolated. eGY-Africa is a bottom-up initiative by African scientists and their collaborators to try to reduce this Digital Divide by a campaign of advocacy for better institutional facilities. Four approaches are being taken. The present status of Internet services, problems, and plans are being mapped via a combination of direct measurement of Internet performance (the PingER Project) and a questionnaire-based survey. Information is being gathered on policy statements and initiatives aimed at reducing the Digital Divide, which can be used for arguing the case for better Internet facilities. Groups of concerned scientists are being formed at the national, regional levels in Africa, building on existing networks as much as possible. Opinion in the international science community is being mobilized. Finally, and perhaps most important of all, eGY-Africa is seeking to engage with the many other programs, initiatives, and bodies that share the goal of reducing the Digital Divide - either as a direct policy objective, or indirectly as a means to an end, such as the development of an indigenous capability in science and technology for national development. The expectation is that informed opinion from the scientific community at the institutional, national, and international levels can be used to influence the decision makers and donors who are in a position to deliver better Internet capabilities.

Barton, C.E.; /Australian Natl. U., Canberra; Amory-Mazaudier, C.; /Lab.Phys.Plasmas, Saint Maur des Fosses; Barry, B.; /Assoc.African Univ., Accra; Chukwuma; /Olabisi Onabanjo U.; Cottrell, R.L.; /SLAC; Kalim, U.; /Pakistan Natl. U.; Mebrahtu, A.; /Mekelle U.; Petitdidier, M.; /Lab. d'Atmos., Velizy; Rabiu, B.; /Federal Tech. U., Akure; Reeves, C.; /Earthworks bv, Delft; ,

2010-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

270

Pacific Adaptation Strategy Assistance Program Dynamical Seasonal Forecasting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pacific Adaptation Strategy Assistance Program Dynamical Seasonal Forecasting Seasonal Prediction · POAMA · Issues for future Outline #12;Pacific Adaptation Strategy Assistance Program Major source Adaptation Strategy Assistance Program El Nino Mean State · Easterlies westward surface current upwelling

Lim, Eun-pa

271

Original article Belowground biomass seasonal variation in two  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original article Belowground biomass seasonal variation in two Neotropical savannahs (Brazilian March 2001) Abstract ­ The belowground biomass of two types of ecosystems, frequently burned open by flotation and sieving. Belowground biomass showed significant seasonal variation, values being higher during

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

272

The Seasonal Cycle over the United States and Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The annual cycle occupies a unique position in the spectra of meteorological time series. This cycle and its first three harmonics are extracted from the series as a seasonal cycle. The distributions of the annual and seasonal cycles are studied ...

Vernon E. Kousky; S. Srivatsangam

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Reduce Waste and Save Energy this Holiday Season | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Reduce Waste and Save Energy this Holiday Season Reduce Waste and Save Energy this Holiday Season December 5, 2014 - 9:55am Addthis Wrap your gifts with recycled paper to reduce...

274

St. Augustinegrass Warm-season turfgrass. Prefers full sun, but  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

St. Augustinegrass Warm-season turfgrass. Prefers full sun, but has a high tolerance for shade-season grass. It does best in full sun and high temperatures. Goes dormant and turns brown in winter. Very

Ishida, Yuko

275

Climate Information for Development Needs: An Action Plan for Africa | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Information for Development Needs: An Action Plan for Africa Climate Information for Development Needs: An Action Plan for Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Climate Information for Development Needs: An Action Plan for Africa Agency/Company /Organization: World Meteorological Organization, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.wmo.int/pages/prog/gcos/Publications/gcos-108.pdf UN Region: "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

276

On the dry deposition of submicron particles  

SciTech Connect

The air-surface exchange of particles can have a strong role in determining the amount, size, and chemical composition of particles in the troposphere. Here the authors consider only dry processes (deposition processes not directly aided by precipitation) and mostly address particles less than about 2 {micro}m in diameter (often referred to as submicron particles because most of such particles are less than 1 {micro}m in diameter). The processes that control the dry exchange of particulate material between the atmosphere and the surface of the Earth are numerous, highly varied, and sometimes poorly understood. As a result, determining which of the surface processes to parameterize or simulate in modeling the tropospheric mass budget of a particulate substance can be a significant challenge. Dry deposition, for example, can be controlled by a combination of Brownian diffusion, impaction, interception, and gravitational settling, depending on the size of the particles, the roughness of the surface on both micrometeorological and microscopic scales, the geometrical structure of vegetative canopies, and other surface characteristics such as wetness. Particles can be added to the lower atmosphere by resuspension from land surfaces and sea spray. The roles of rapid gas-to-particle conversion and growth or shrinkage of particles as a result of water condensation or evaporation in the lower few meters of the atmosphere can also have a significant impact on particle concentrations in the lower atmosphere. Here, a few micrometeorological observations and inferences on particle air-surface exchange are briefly addressed.

Wesely, M. L.

1999-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

277

Expanded Marketing Opportunities for Dry Onion Production in Texas: An Interregional Analysis of the Spring and Summer Seasons.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Texas' annual shipments per each March, April, May, June, July, and August shipping period, 1977-1987.1 % Year March April May June July August 1977 0.0 21.7 3:t6 14.4 19.2 10.4 1978 4.8 24.7 31.0 12.5 18.0 8.6 1979 0.4 2~t3 39.9 7.6 11.1 15...,318 1,609 1,656 New York 2,462 2.732 3.545 3,616 3,499 3,808 2,999 2,908 3,156 3,144 2,617 Oregon 2,418 2,774 2,587 3,638 3,029 2.672 3,054 3.066 3,773 4.106 4,710 Texas 4.252 5.104 3,522 5,071 4,168 4.382 5.254 4.116 3,321 4,803 3,565 Utah 13 4 12...

Fuller, Stephen; Goodwin, H.L.; Schafer, Carl; Schmitz, John

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Wet and Dry Pollutant Deposition to the Mixed Conifer Forest  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Mediterranean climate in southern California regulates wet and dry deposition characteristics in the San Bernardino Mountains (SBM). Long dry periods in combination with the large air pollution emissions f...

A. Bytnerowicz; M. E. Fenn; P. R. Miller

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Hadley Cell Dynamics in a Virtually Dry Snowball Earth Atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Hadley cell of a virtually dry snowball Earth atmosphere under equinox insolation is studied in a comprehensive atmospheric general circulation model. In contrast to the Hadley cell of modern Earth, momentum transport by dry convection, which ...

Aiko Voigt; Isaac M. Held; Jochem Marotzke

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

High voltage dry-type air-core shunt reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dry-type air-core shunt reactors are now being ... systems to limit overvoltages. Recently, high voltage dry-type air-core shunt reactors have been designed, ... transient overvoltages and electrical and magnetic...

Klaus Papp; Michael R. Sharp

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

AT 351 Lab 3: Seasons and Surface Temperature (Ch. 3)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an important role in an area's local vertical temperature distribution. Below, Figure 1 shows the verticalAT 351 Lab 3: Seasons and Surface Temperature (Ch. 3) Question #1: Seasons (20 pts) A. In your own words, describe the cause of the seasons. B. In the Northern Hemisphere we are closer to the sun during

Rutledge, Steven

282

Roles of Dry Friction in Fluctuating Motion of Adiabatic Piston  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The motion of an adiabatic piston under dry friction is investigated to clarify the roles of dry friction in non-equilibrium steady states. We clarify that dry friction can reverse the direction of the piston motion and causes a discontinuity or a cusp-like singularity for velocity distribution functions of the piston. We also show that the heat fluctuation relation is modified under dry friction.

Tomohiko G. Sano; Hisao Hayakawa

2014-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

283

Renewable Energy in South Africa: Issues and Prospects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Renewable Energy in South Africa: Issues and Prospects Renewable Energy in South Africa: Issues and Prospects Speaker(s): Ogunlade Davidson Date: February 1, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Lynn Price The present contribution of Renewable Energy to the total power supply through grid electricity in South Africa is negligible. However, the government driven by concerns for rural electrification, while realising their overall sustainable objectives and environmental pressures, has set a target of achieving 5% grid supply from renewable technologies by 2010. It is advocated that this target as stated in their strategy paper should be achieved through the development of micro-hydro, biomass, solar and wind systems. Existing renewable energy systems that are operating in South Africa shows that there are major challenges in achieving this target. This

284

United Nations Economic Commission for Africa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name United Nations Economic Commission for Africa Address Economic Commission for Africa, P.O. Box 3001, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Place Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Year founded 1958 Phone number +251 11 551 7200 Website http://www.uneca.org/index.htm Coordinates 9.022736°, 38.746799° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":9.022736,"lon":38.746799,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

285

Event:Expanded Constituency Workshop for West Africa | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Expanded Constituency Workshop for West Africa Expanded Constituency Workshop for West Africa Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Expanded Constituency Workshop for West Africa: on 2012/09/04 The Global Environment Facility (GEF) is holding an Expanded Constituency Workshop (ECW) for West Africa, as part of the GEF Country Support Programme, including participants from Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra leone, Guinea and Togo. The workshop will bring together representatives from civil society, the GEF Secretariat and GEF Agencies, with focal points of the biodiversity, desertification, climate change, and chemicals conventions to discuss activities with global environmental benefits. Civil society organizations are invited to register at the meeting website. Runs September 4 - 6

286

Energy, Environment and Development Network for Africa | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy, Environment and Development Network for Africa Energy, Environment and Development Network for Africa Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Energy, Environment and Development Network for Africa Name Energy, Environment and Development Network for Africa Address P.O. Box 30979 GPO 00100 Place Nairobi, Kenya Phone number +254-722509804 Coordinates -1.2860434°, 36.8191713° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-1.2860434,"lon":36.8191713,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

287

Event:Hydropower Africa 2012 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2012 2012 Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Hydropower Africa 2012: on 2012/09/04 "Hydropower Africa 2012 is the largest hydropower event of its kind in Africa boasting over 450 visitors from across the globe. It looks at planned projects and tender prospects for hydropower development in Africa and innovative funding solutions for projects - big and small. Refurbishment and modernisation updates of major hydropower facilities as well as operation and maintenance best practices from across the continent will be presented and discussed. Infrastructure development and African-appropriate engineering solutions to provide power to villages, rural areas and urban communities and achieving operational objectives while addressing environment and social challenges will be examined through

288

File:NREL-africa-dir.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dir.pdf dir.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Africa - Annual Direct Normal Solar Radiation (PDF) Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 5.95 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Africa - Annual Direct Normal Solar Radiation (PDF) Description Africa - Annual Direct Normal Solar Radiation (PDF) Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2005-01-11 Extent Continent Countries Africa UN Region File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:32, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:32, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (5.95 MB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

289

Energy Efficiency Measurement & Verification in South Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency Measurement & Verification in South Africa Energy Efficiency Measurement & Verification in South Africa Speaker(s): Xiaohua Xia Date: December 17, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Stephane de la Rue du Can Measurement and verification (M&V) is the process of using measurements to reliably determine actual saving created within an individual facility by an energy management program. This talk will describe the basics of M&V, and introduce how M&V is conducted in the Republic of South Africa. Topics covered include the history of M&V in South Africa, the business structure, and the Eskom-led M&V protocols and guidelines of M&V. The talk will also present how the M&V profession is governed and regulated by the national professional body, the national standard (the first in the world), and a

290

Sustainable Energy Society Southern Africa (SESSA) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa (SESSA) Africa (SESSA) Jump to: navigation, search Name Sustainable Energy Society Southern Africa (SESSA) Place South Africa Coordinates -30.559482°, 22.937506° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-30.559482,"lon":22.937506,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

291

South Africa-Danish Government Baseline Workstream | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Danish Government Baseline Workstream Danish Government Baseline Workstream Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Danish Government Baseline Workstream Agency/Company /Organization Danish Government Partner Danish Ministry for Climate, Energy, and Building; The Danish Energy Agency Sector Energy Topics Implementation, Low emission development planning Program Start 2011 Country South Africa Southern Africa References Denmark[1] Overview Progress and Outcomes Capacity building needs identified are lessons learned, challenges and gaps, including those that may be common between countries, and aspects of good practice for assumptions, methodologies and other aspects of baseline setting. References ↑ "Denmark" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=South_Africa-Danish_Government_Baseline_Workstream&oldid=699933"

292

U.S.-South Africa Energy Meeting | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U.S.-South Africa Energy Meeting U.S.-South Africa Energy Meeting U.S.-South Africa Energy Meeting December 3, 2013 - 5:35pm Addthis U.S.-South Africa Energy Meeting South African Minister of Energy Benedict Martins and U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman met December 2, 2013, in Washington, DC, for the fourth U.S.-South African Energy Dialogue, together with representatives of supporting U.S. and South African agencies. They reaffirmed the strong ongoing energy development in both nations -- including shale gas, civilian nuclear energy, renewable energy and energy efficiency --to meet our shared energy and climate goals, and the important role of private trade and investment in achieving those goals. The Minister and the Deputy Secretary agreed to: Increase collaboration on the safe and efficient development of

293

AFRICA HEALTH PLACEMENTS Job Specification Research Officer (intern)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

culture strategy consulting, health workforce planning, recruitment, workforce retention infrastructure. Innovative Planning: The purpose of this function is to take stakeholder requirements in alignment to planned solutions. #12;AFRICA HEALTH PLACEMENTS Job Specification ­ Research Officer

294

The Origin and Early Cultivation of Sorghums in Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Domestication of Sorghum ..................................... 8 Race Bicolor .............................. 11 Race Guinea .............................. 12 Race Caudatum ........................... 13 Race Kafir... .................................... 17 Additional Bibliography Dealing with the Origins of Agriculture in Africa ...................................... 19 Archeological Evidence ..................... 19 Domestication/Origins ...................... 20 Climatalogical...

Mann, J.A.; Kimber, C.T.; Miller, F.R.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

New Challenges to Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The countries of Sub-Saharan Africa remain among the globe's least developed and most food insecure nations. Policymakers argue that the answers to increased agricultural productivity and financial growth lie in the adoption ...

Indzembi, Franck Corentin

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

296

Access to Natural Resources and Autochthony in West Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Many outbreaks of violence are caused by "autochthons" or rst comers to safeguard "ancestral lands in the desire of local people to safeguard their assets and secure a livelihood. Studies in West Africa (Côte d

Richner, Heinz

297

Before House Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Affairs 11-14-14JonathanElkind FT HFA.pdf More Documents & Publications Bioenergy for Sustainable Development Deliverables from U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial 2014 Draft Agenda...

298

Connecting with South Africa: Cultural Communication and Understanding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Child psychiatrist and psychoanalyst Astrid Berg states in her introduction that South Africa is a microcosm. It is a modern nation, yet many of its inhabitants follow ancient traditions. It is a nation with a colonial past marked by periods...

Berg, Astrid

2012-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

299

Viridis Africa 2013 - investment in cleantech | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Viridis Africa 2013 - investment in cleantech Viridis Africa 2013 - investment in cleantech Home > Groups > Clean and Renewable Energy SuzaAdam's picture Submitted by SuzaAdam(10) Member 3 March, 2013 - 10:32 On the 15th & 16th October 2013 the third Clean Technology business and investment matchmaking conference for the African continent is to be held at the Killarney Country Club, Lower Houghton South Africa. Called Viridis Africa, the event is dedicated to entrepreneurs and corporates who are seeking funding to introduce clean technology solutions and services. Principals who would present their business opportunities at this event would have the audience of numerous local and foreign investors, stratified according to their interest and investment criteria. Investors would include venture capital, private equity, project and

300

Managing Warm-season Improved Pastures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. However, west of a line from Corpus Christi through San Antonio to Fort Worth, rainfall is greatly reduced year round and spring calving is preferred. The rainfall pattern in this area corresponds to for- age production as shown in Fig. 1. Spring calving... season corresponds to better forage quality and quantity in native rangeland and improved pastures. Because improved small grain pastures must be irrigated in many areas of west Texas, the cost of producing improved winter forages for cow-calf op...

Stichler, Charles; Prostko, Eric P.; Livingston, Stephen

1998-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Survey of hybrid solar heat pump drying systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solar drying is in practice since the ancient time for preservation of food and agriculture crops. The objective of most drying processes is to reduce the moisture content of the product to a specified value. Solar dryers used in agriculture for food ... Keywords: coefficient of performance (COP), direct expansion SAHD, drying chamber, heat pump, solar assisted heat pumps dryer (SAHPD), solar fraction

R. Daghigh; K. Sopian; M. H. Ruslan; M. A. Alghoul; C. H. Lim; S. Mat; B. Ali; M. Yahya; A. Zaharim; M. Y. Sulaiman

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Modeling of Coal Drying before Pyrolysis Damintode Kolani1, a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the coal without chemical decomposition and pyrolysis converts dry coal into gas and coke [1]. The final1 Modeling of Coal Drying before Pyrolysis Damintode Kolani1, a , Eric Blond1, b , Alain Gasser1 Forbach, France a damintode.kolani@univ-orleans.fr, b eric.blond@univ-orleans.fr Keywords: coal, drying

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

303

Influences on seasonal ski worker intention to return and indicators and standards of quality for seasonal ski jobs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCF. August 2002 Major Subject: Recreation, Park and Tourism Sciences INFLUENCES ON SEASONAL SKI WORKER INTENTION TO RETURN AND INDICATORS AND STANDARDS OF QUALiTY FOR SEASONAL SKI JOBS A Thesis By MATTHEW D... 'Lear (He c of partment) August 2002 Major Subject: Recreation, Park and Tourism Sciences ABSTRACT Influences on Seasonal Ski Worker Intention to Return and Indicators and Standards of Quality for Seasonal Ski Jobs. (August 2002) Matthew D. Ismert...

Ismert, Matthew D

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

304

South Africa Long Term Mitigation Scenarios | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa Long Term Mitigation Scenarios South Africa Long Term Mitigation Scenarios Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: South Africa Long Term Mitigation Scenarios Agency/Company /Organization: South Africa Department of Environment Affairs and Tourism Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Low emission development planning Resource Type: Case studies/examples Website: www.erc.uct.ac.za/Research/publications/07Scenario_team-LTMS_Scenarios Country: South Africa Southern Africa Coordinates: -30.559482°, 22.937506° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-30.559482,"lon":22.937506,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

305

Representation of Oppositional Political Actors in Post-Apartheid South Africa: The Implications of PAGAD, TAC, and COPE for Democratic Government  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Writing Radical Democracy in South Africa. Durham, NC: DukeThe Politics of the New South Africa: Apartheid and After.Twentieth-Century South Africa. Oxford: Oxford University

Tourek, Gabriel Z.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Rothschild South Africa Foundation Scholarship 2015 To be considered for the Rothschild South Africa Foundation Scholarship for 2015, please fill in your details  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rothschild South Africa Foundation Scholarship ­ 2015 To be considered for the Rothschild South Africa Foundation Scholarship for 2015, please fill in your details and provide brief answers to the five as confidential and will only be shared with the Rothschild South Africa Foundation 1. Please tell us about

Wagner, Stephan

307

Duke, R. D. and Kammen, D. M. (2003) "Energy for Development: Solar Home Systems in Africa and Global Carbon Emissions", Climate Change for Africa: Science,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Duke, R. D. and Kammen, D. M. (2003) "Energy for Development: Solar Home Systems in Africa and Global Carbon Emissions", Climate Change for Africa: Science, Technology, Policy and Capacity Building: Solar Home Systems in Africa and Global Carbon Emissions Richard D. Duke* and Daniel M. Kammen

Kammen, Daniel M.

308

Prince Edward Is (South Africa) -Boonzaier et al. 95 a brieF history oF Fishing in the Prince edward islands, south aFrica,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prince Edward Is (South Africa) - Boonzaier et al. 95 a brieF history oF Fishing in the Prince edward islands, south aFrica, 1950­20101 Lisa Boonzaier, Sarah Harper, Dirk Zeller, and Daniel Pauly Sea.pauly@fisheries.ubc.ca abstract To reconstruct the catch history in the waters of the Prince Edward Islands (South Africa) from

Pauly, Daniel

309

Republic of South Africa Constitution Act 110 of 1983 To introduce a new constitution for the Republic of South Africa and to provide for matters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Republic of South Africa Constitution Act 110 of 1983 ACT To introduce a new constitution for the Republic of South Africa and to provide for matters incidental thereto. (English text signed by the State; and ARE DESIROUS OF GIVING THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA A CONSTITUTION which provides for elected and responsible

Sheridan, Jennifer

310

An experimental investigation of high temperature, high pressure paper drying  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONCLUSIONS RECOMMENDATIONS 50 51 REFERENCES APPENDIX A EXPERIMENTAL DATA 52 54 VITA 105 vail LIST OF FIGURES Page Fig. 1 Schematic of test facility 13 Fig. 2 Comparison of Texas A&M drying facility operating ranges to other drying processes... of number of drying passes for drying temperatures of 93, 149, and 204 'C (200, 300, and 400 'F), a contact pressure of 1. 4 MPa (200 psi), a basis weight of 25 g/m' (0. 005 lb/ft'), and contact times between 20 to 180 msec with same side drying...

Patel, Kamal Raoji

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

311

Africa: Unrest and restrictive terms limit abundant potential. [Oil and gas exploration and development in Africa  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes the drilling and exploration activity of the oil and gas industries of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, the Congo, Angola, and South Africa. Information is provided on current and predicted trends in well drilling activities (both onshore and offshore), numbers of new wells, footage information, production statistics and what fields accounted for this production, and planned new exploration activities. The paper also describes the current status of government policies and political problems affecting the oil and gas industry.

Not Available

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Lithographic dry development using optical absorption  

SciTech Connect

A novel approach to dry development of exposed photo resist is described in which a photo resist layer is exposed to a visible light source in order to remove the resist in the areas of exposure. The class of compounds used as the resist material, under the influence of the light source, undergoes a chemical/structural change such that the modified material becomes volatile and is thus removed from the resist surface. The exposure process is carried out for a time sufficient to ablate the exposed resist layer down to the layer below. A group of compounds found to be useful in this process includes aromatic calixarenes.

Olynick, Deirdre; Schuck, P. James; Schmidt, Martin

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

313

Drying Fruits and Vegetables at Home.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

all fresh produce thoroughly to re move any dirt or spray. Sort and discard any defective food. Decay, bruises or mold on any piece may affect an entire batch of food being dried. Peel, pit and/or cut the food into uniform sized pieces. A stainless.... (See charts on pages 6 to 9 for specific times .) ? Set the dmtainer of sulfur beside the stacked trays. 2 Ignite the sulfur. Do not leave burned matches in the container; they may keep the sulfur from burning completely. Because of the flame...

Putnam, Peggy H.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

A Bayesian approach to forecast intermittent demand for seasonal products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigates the forecasting of a large fluctuating seasonal demand prior to peak sale season using a practical time series, collected from the US Census Bureau. Due to the extreme natural events (e.g. excessive snow fall and calamities), sales may not occur, inventory may not replenish and demand may set off unrecorded during the peak sale season. This characterises a seasonal time series to an intermittent category. A seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average (SARIMA), a multiplicative exponential smoothing (M-ES) and an effective modelling approach using Bayesian computational process are analysed in the context of seasonal and intermittent forecast. Several forecast error indicators and a cost factor are used to compare the models. In cost factor analysis, cost is measured optimally using dynamic programming model under periodic review policy. Experimental results demonstrate that Bayesian model performance is much superior to SARIMA and M-ES models, and efficient to forecast seasonal and intermittent demand.

Mohammad Anwar Rahman; Bhaba R. Sarker

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Carbon Market Opportunities for the Forestry Sector of Africa | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon Market Opportunities for the Forestry Sector of Africa Carbon Market Opportunities for the Forestry Sector of Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Carbon Market Opportunities for the Forestry Sector of Africa Agency/Company /Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Winrock International Sector: Land Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Forestry Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Presentation Website: www.winrock.org/ecosystems/files/Winrock_FAO_Carbon_opportunities_in_A UN Region: "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

316

South Africa-National Development Plan: Vision for 2030 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-National Development Plan: Vision for 2030 South Africa-National Development Plan: Vision for 2030 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: South Africa-National Development Plan: Vision for 2030 Agency/Company /Organization: Government of South Africa Sector: Climate, Energy, Land, Water Focus Area: Economic Development Topics: Background analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.npconline.co.za/medialib/downloads/home/NPC%20National%20Developme Cost: Free UN Region: Southern Africa Language: English South Africa-National Development Plan: Vision for 2030 Screenshot References: South Africa-National Development Plan[1] References ↑ "South Africa-National Development Plan" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=South_Africa-National_Development_Plan:_Vision_for_2030&oldid=391220"

317

World Bank-Low-carbon Energy Projects for Development in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Projects for Development in Sub-Saharan Africa Projects for Development in Sub-Saharan Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Low-carbon Energy Projects for Development in Sub-Saharan Africa Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Publications Website http://wbcarbonfinance.org/doc UN Region "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

318

Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa Agency/Company /Organization International Food Policy Research Institute Sector Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory Resource Type Publications Website http://www.ifpri.org/sites/def Country Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda UN Region "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

319

Event:Second Conference on Climate Change and Development in Africa | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Change and Development in Africa Change and Development in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Second Conference on Climate Change and Development in Africa: on 2012/10/19 "The Climate Change and Development in Africa (CCDA) conference will be the second of its kind as part of the Climate for Development in Africa (Clim-Dev Africa) work programme and provides a forum for dialogue and engagement with various stakeholders involved in addressing climate and development issues in Africa. The programme has been mandated at regional meetings of African Heads of State and Government, as well as by Africa's Ministers of Finance, Planning and Environment, and responds to the urgent challenge that climate change poses to the advancement of Africa's development objectives. More concretely, it seeks to address the need for

320

Storage capacity in hot dry rock reservoirs  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of extracting thermal energy, in a cyclic manner, from geologic strata which may be termed hot dry rock. A reservoir comprised of hot fractured rock is established and water or other liquid is passed through the reservoir. The water is heated by the hot rock, recovered from the reservoir, cooled by extraction of heat by means of heat exchange apparatus on the surface, and then re-injected into the reservoir to be heated again. Water is added to the reservoir by means of an injection well and recovered from the reservoir by means of a production well. Water is continuously provided to the reservoir and continuously withdrawn from the reservoir at two different flow rates, a base rate and a peak rate. Increasing water flow from the base rate to the peak rate is accomplished by rapidly decreasing backpressure at the outlet of the production well in order to meet periodic needs for amounts of thermal energy greater than a baseload amount, such as to generate additional electric power to meet peak demands. The rate of flow of water provided to the hot dry rock reservoir is maintained at a value effective to prevent depletion of the liquid

Brown, Donald W. (Los Alamos, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Developing capacity in management of science, technology and innovation in Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the exception of South Africa, Africa south of the Sahara has little teaching or research capability in the management of science, technology and innovation (MSTI). Only a small number of university-based units are currently active in Africa in this field. An MSTI program in Africa cannot be a mere transplantation of ideas and approaches used in other contexts. The necessary knowledge base and the conditions of implementation of MSTI skills are in many respects specific to Africa. At the same time, international exchanges are crucial. This article presents some considerations pertaining to the content and structure of a regional MSTI initiative in Africa.

Charles Davis; Scott Tiffin; Fola Osotimehin

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Building Technologies Office: Guides and Case Studies for Hot-Dry and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dry and Mixed-Dry Climates to someone by E-mail Dry and Mixed-Dry Climates to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Guides and Case Studies for Hot-Dry and Mixed-Dry Climates on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Guides and Case Studies for Hot-Dry and Mixed-Dry Climates on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Guides and Case Studies for Hot-Dry and Mixed-Dry Climates on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Guides and Case Studies for Hot-Dry and Mixed-Dry Climates on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Guides and Case Studies for Hot-Dry and Mixed-Dry Climates on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Guides and Case Studies for Hot-Dry and Mixed-Dry Climates on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE

323

Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Risk-taking among Men Who Have Sex with Men in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HIV infection in South Africa--survival differences. QJM.disease and injury in South Africa. Popul Health Metr. 8(1):Have Sex with Men in South Africa Rob Stephenson, PhD* Alex

Stephenson, Robert; de Voux, Alex; Sullivan, Patrick S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Paleomagnetism of a lateritic paleoweathering horizon and overlying Paleoproterozoic red beds from South Africa: Implications for the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

South Africa: Implications for the Kaapvaal apparent polar wander path and a confirmation of atmospheric: paleomagnetism, Paleoproterozoic, South Africa, apparent polar wander paths, paleoatmosphere, lateritic paleosols Paleoproterozoic red beds from South Africa: Implicat

325

Four rigs refurbished for West Africa drilling  

SciTech Connect

In April and May 1990, Shell Petroleum Development Co. of Nigeria Ltd. awarded Noble Drilling West Africa Inc. four separate contracts to drill oil and gas wells in the inland waterways of Nigeria. The contracted rigs included a shallow water jack up, the NN-1, and three posted barges, the Gene Rosser, the Chuck Syring, and the Lewis Dugger. The jack up was built in 1978, and the three posted barges are 1980s vintage. Three of the rigs have been idle for a number of years. The Shell Nigeria contracts required major modifications to the rigs before putting them into international service. Noble replaced or refurbished all major pieces of equipment in the drilling, power, and service systems on the rigs. Rig crews serviced all other equipment. A significant amount of general service piping and electrical wiring was replaced. Each rig also required additional motor control centers to support the new drilling and mud processing equipment. Alfa-Laval waste-heat water desalination plants and new sewage treatment units were installed on all four rigs. Because of the tidal variances and high silt conditions expected in the African waterways, all engine cooling systems were converted from heat exchangers to radiators. Rotary tables were made common on all rigs at 37 1/2 in. Noble had all traveling equipment completely inspected and modified as necessary. Strict attention was paid to certification and documentation of all equipment. Safety upgrades conformed to both Shell and Noble standards. Fire and gas detection systems were installed throughout each rig. Water and foam deluge systems were installed in the wellhead areas, and new foam systems and monitors were installed on the helldecks.

Not Available

1991-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

326

Land Tenure, Land Use, and Land Reform at DwesaCwebe, South Africa: Local Transformations and the Limits of the State  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Reverse Resettlement in South Africas Transkei. (Ph.D.Land and Development in South Africa's Black Rural Areas (the Land Question in South Africa, Michael de Klerk, ed. (

Fay, Derick A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Sustainable waste management in Africa through CDM projects  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This is a compendium on GHG reductions via improved waste strategies in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This note provides a strategic framework for Local Authorities in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Assists LAs to select Zero Waste scenarios and achieve sustained GHG reduction. - Abstract: Only few Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects (traditionally focussed on landfill gas combustion) have been registered in Africa if compared to similar developing countries. The waste hierarchy adopted by many African countries clearly shows that waste recycling and composting projects are generally the most sustainable. This paper undertakes a sustainability assessment for practical waste treatment and disposal scenarios for Africa and makes recommendations for consideration. The appraisal in this paper demonstrates that mechanical biological treatment of waste becomes more financially attractive if established through the CDM process. Waste will continue to be dumped in Africa with increasing greenhouse gas emissions produced, unless industrialised countries (Annex 1) fund carbon emission reduction schemes through a replacement to the Kyoto Protocol. Such a replacement should calculate all of the direct and indirect carbon emission savings and seek to promote public-private partnerships through a concerted support of the informal sector.

Couth, R. [CRECHE, Centre for Research in Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, School of Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041 (South Africa); Trois, C., E-mail: troisc@ukzn.ac.za [CRECHE, Centre for Research in Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, School of Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041 (South Africa)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

328

Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Managing Aging Effects Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended Long-Term Storage and Transportation of Used Fuel Rev. 0 Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy Used Fuel Disposition Campaign O.K. Chopra, D. Diercks, R. Fabian, D. Ma, V. Shah, S-W Tam, and Y.Y. Liu Argonne National Laboratory June 30, 2012 FCRD-USED-2012-000119 ANL-12/29 DISCLAIMER This information was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the U.S. Government. Neither the U.S. Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness, of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately

329

Frostbite Theater - Liquid Nitrogen Experiments - Dry Ice vs. Liquid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Egg + Liquid Nitrogen + Time-lapse! Egg + Liquid Nitrogen + Time-lapse! Previous Video (Egg + Liquid Nitrogen + Time-lapse!) Frostbite Theater Main Index Next Video (Liquid Nitrogen Cooled Dry Ice in Water!) Liquid Nitrogen Cooled Dry Ice in Water! Dry Ice vs. Liquid Nitrogen! Dry ice is cold. Liquid nitrogen is cold, too. What happens when the two are mixed together? [ Show Transcript ] Announcer: Frostbite Theater presents... Cold Cuts! No baloney! Joanna and Steve: Just science! Joanna: Hi! I'm Joanna! Steve: And I'm Steve! Joanna: Have you ever wondered what happens when you mix dry ice and liquid nitrogen? Steve: Well, we just happen to have a chunk of dry ice left over from when we filmed 'How to Make a Cloud Chamber,' and here at Jefferson Lab, liquid nitrogen flows like water, so we're going to find out!

330

California - Coastal Region Onshore Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) California - Coastal Region Onshore Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 334 350 365 1980's 299 306 362 381 265 256 255 238 215 222 1990's 217 216 203 189 194 153 156 164 106 192 2000's 234 177 190 167 189 268 206 205 146 163 2010's 173 165 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves as of Dec. 31 CA, Coastal Region Onshore Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves as of 12/31 (Summary)

331

California - Los Angeles Basin Onshore Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) California - Los Angeles Basin Onshore Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 255 178 163 1980's 193 154 96 107 156 181 142 148 151 137 1990's 106 115 97 102 103 111 109 141 149 168 2000's 193 187 207 187 174 176 153 144 75 84 2010's 87 97 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves as of Dec. 31 CA, Los Angeles Basin Onshore Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves as of 12/31 (Summary)

332

Bering Sea Chinook Salmon Seasonal Bycatch Report (includes CDQ)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

101 IPA Season Total Catch Allocation Remaining Allocation % Taken Last Week Catch A 2,153 6,748 4,595 32% 0 B 5 4,024 4,019 0% 5 Total 2,158 10,772 8,614 20% 5 BS Chinook Salmon AFA COOP 102 IPA Season 0 0% 0 BS Chinook Salmon AFA COOP 103 IPA Season Total Catch Allocation Remaining Allocation % Taken

333

Bering Sea Chinook Salmon Seasonal Bycatch Report (includes CDQ)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

101 IPA Season Total Catch Allocation Remaining Allocation % Taken Last Week Catch A 0 6,748 6,748 0% 0 B 0 4,024 4,024 0% 0 Total 0 10,772 10,772 0% 0 BS Chinook Salmon AFA COOP 102 IPA Season Total BS Chinook Salmon AFA COOP 103 IPA Season Total Catch Allocation Remaining Allocation % Taken Last

334

It Just Tastes Better When It's In Season  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

i IT JUST TASTES BETTER WHEN IT?S IN SEASON A Dissertation by LAURA NICOLA THOMAS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR... OF PHILOSOPHY May 2012 Major Subject: Nutrition ii It Just Tastes Better When It?s in Season Copyright 2012 Laura Nicola Thomas iii IT JUST TASTES BETTER WHEN IT?S IN SEASON A Dissertation...

Thomas, Laura

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

335

Proceedings: Precision Forestry Symposium March 2010, Stellenbosch, South Africa Modelling traceability in the wood supply chain does it pay?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

68 Proceedings: Precision Forestry Symposium March 2010, Stellenbosch, South Africa Modelling owner. #12;69 Proceedings: Precision Forestry Symposium March 2010, Stellenbosch, South Africa Figure

336

Current Status of Energy Efficiency in South Africa (Presentation) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Current Status of Energy Efficiency in South Africa (Presentation) Current Status of Energy Efficiency in South Africa (Presentation) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Spain Installed Wind Capacity Website Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Market Analysis Website: www.gwec.net/index.php?id=131 Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/spain-installed-wind-capacity-website Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Feed-in Tariffs This website presents an overview of total installed wind energy capacity in Spain per year from 2000 to 2010. The page also presents the main market developments from 2010; a policy summary; a discussion of the revision in feed-in tariffs in 2010; and a future market outlook. References Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Current_Status_of_Energy_Efficiency_in_South_Africa_(Presentation)&oldid=514359"

337

GEOGRAPHICAL DISRIBUTION OF WOODY BIOMASS CARBON IN TROPICAL AFRICA: AN  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Geographical Distribution of Woody Biomass Carbon in Tropical Africa: An Geographical Distribution of Woody Biomass Carbon in Tropical Africa: An Updated Database for 2000, NDP-055b TABLES Please cite as: Gibbs, H.K. and S. Brown. 2007. Geographical Distribution of Woody Biomass Carbon in Tropical Africa: An Updated Database for 2000, NDP-055b. Available at [http://cdiac.ornl.gov/epubs/ndp/ndp055/ndp055b.html] from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Tables 1-4 Files in this numeric data package Variable formats of af_biomass.vat Variable formats of af_carbon.vat Variable formats of glc_subset_af.vat Variable formats of land_geo.vat Variable formats of pb_geo.vat Table 1. Files in this numeric data package File No. File name File size (bytes) File description

338

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Africa: Carbon Finance Guide |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Energy Efficiency in Africa: Carbon Finance Guide and Energy Efficiency in Africa: Carbon Finance Guide Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Africa: Carbon Finance Guide Agency/Company /Organization: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Implementation Website: toolkits.reeep.org/index.php?work=detail&asset=projectOutput&id=134 References: REEEP Toolkit[1] "This Guide is an introduction to the financing of renewable energy and energy efficiency (RE/EE) projects - projects which benefit the global community by reducing greenhouse gases which are causing climate change. It is designed to help private and corporate entrepreneurs and public officials, banks and financiers, as well as donor organizations to

339

Prospects for Microgrids in the Republic of South Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prospects for Microgrids in the Republic of South Africa Prospects for Microgrids in the Republic of South Africa Speaker(s): S.P. Chowdhury Sunetra Chowdhury Date: October 12, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Chris Marnay The South African utility Eskom is the main key player for the energy business in South Africa. Eskom owns the electricity networks and most of the electricity generation, transmission and distribution leading to monopolistic energy market in the country. The South African economy is quite strong in the African Continent and the energy demand has been growing very fast in the country. Most of the current energy mix is coming from coal fired thermal power stations in addition with a small fraction from nuclear as well as open cycle gas turbine and a bit of hydro power.

340

Population structure and possible origin of Amylostereum areolatum in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

isolates from South Africa, South America, Australasia and Europe was determined by vegetative America and South Africa (Madden, 1988; Baxter et al., 1995; Reardon et al., 1995; Tribe, 1995; Slippers and South America. These populations ar

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

A Model of Controlling Utilization of Social Grants in South Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

South Africa is one of the most unequal countries in the World. Social grant in South Africa is supported by the Social development macro policy framework since 1994. It was aimed at poverty alleviation that c...

Qhayisa S. Cwayi; Okuthe P. Kogeda

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Ecology in Africa: a view from the past for informing the future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reviews ISSN1948?6596 EcologyinAfrica:aviewfromthethefuture AfricanEcologyBenchmarksandHistoricals role in shaping the ecology of Africa. These

Martins, Dino J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

A modal perspective of preferential entailment K. Britz, School of Computing, Univ. of South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A modal perspective of preferential entailment K. Britz, School of Computing, Univ. of South Africa J. Heidema, Dept. of Mathematics, Univ. of South Africa W. Labuschagne, Dept. of Computer Science

Labuschagne, Willem

344

South African National Biodiversity Institute and University of Cape Town (South Africa) Postdoctoral Fellow (1position)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

South African National Biodiversity Institute and University of Cape Town (South Africa from designated groups in terms of South Africa's employment equity targets will have preference) Postdoctoral Fellow (1position) (Two year Contract) The South African National Biodiversity Institute

Jarrett, Thomas H.

345

E-Print Network 3.0 - apartheid south africa Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

apartheid south africa Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: apartheid south africa Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 The 2011-2012 monthly...

346

E-Print Network 3.0 - aaa east africa Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

east africa Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aaa east africa Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 FEBRUARY 1998 INCLUDES WINTER SUMMARY...

347

E-Print Network 3.0 - africa lessons learned Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: africa lessons learned Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 MSU at Work in Africa: A Unique Capacity...

348

E-Print Network 3.0 - area south africa Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

africa Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: area south africa Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 2010 USDA Research Forum on Invasive Species...

349

E-Print Network 3.0 - africa southern europe Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: africa southern europe Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 A 20-year initiative, AfricaArray promotes...

350

BPA revises policy for managing seasonal power oversupply  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

y-for-managing-seasonal-power-oversupply Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects &...

351

Standard guide for drying behavior of spent nuclear fuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 This guide is organized to discuss the three major components of significance in the drying behavior of spent nuclear fuel: evaluating the need for drying, drying spent nuclear fuel, and confirmation of adequate dryness. 1.1.1 The guide addresses drying methods and their limitations in drying spent nuclear fuels that have been in storage at water pools. The guide discusses sources and forms of water that remain in SNF, its container, or both, after the drying process and discusses the importance and potential effects they may have on fuel integrity, and container materials. The effects of residual water are discussed mechanistically as a function of the container thermal and radiological environment to provide guidance on situations that may require extraordinary drying methods, specialized handling, or other treatments. 1.1.2 The basic issue in drying is to determine how dry the SNF must be in order to prevent issues with fuel retrievability, container pressurization, or container corrosion. Adequate d...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Dry dig: Ethics and alcohol in Middle Eastern archaeological practice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ARTICLE DRY DIG ETHICS AND ALCOHOL IN MIDDLE EASTERNhad encountered discussions of ethics, archaeology, andtower discussions regarding ethics and archaeology can ring

Porter, Benjamin W.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Dry Process Electrode Fabrication  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by Navitas Systems at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about dry process electrode...

354

,"Federal Offshore, Gulf of Mexico, Louisiana & Alabama Dry Natural...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Federal Offshore, Gulf of Mexico, Louisiana & Alabama Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves",10,"Annual",2012,"6301981"...

355

,"New York Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2013...

356

,"California State Offshore Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California State Offshore Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2013...

357

,"Texas State Offshore Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Texas State Offshore Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2013...

358

,"Louisiana State Offshore Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Louisiana State Offshore Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2013...

359

,"California Federal Offshore Dry Natural Gas Expected Future...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California Federal Offshore Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2013...

360

,"Federal Offshore California Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Federal Offshore California Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves",10,"Annual",2012,"6301977" ,"Release Date:","4...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

,"U.S. Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves",10,"Annual",2013,"6301925" ,"Release Date:","1242014" ,"Next...

362

Hydrogen storage materials and method of making by dry homogenation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Dry homogenized metal hydrides, in particular aluminum hydride compounds, as a material for reversible hydrogen storage is provided. The reversible hydrogen storage material comprises a dry homogenized material having transition metal catalytic sites on a metal aluminum hydride compound, or mixtures of metal aluminum hydride compounds. A method of making such reversible hydrogen storage materials by dry doping is also provided and comprises the steps of dry homogenizing metal hydrides by mechanical mixing, such as be crushing or ball milling a powder, of a metal aluminum hydride with a transition metal catalyst. In another aspect of the invention, a method of powering a vehicle apparatus with the reversible hydrogen storage material is provided.

Jensen, Craig M. (Kailua, HI); Zidan, Ragaiy A. (Honolulu, HI)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

,"New York Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments (Billion Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release...

364

,"New York Dry Natural Gas Reserves Sales (Billion Cubic Feet...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Dry Natural Gas Reserves Sales (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release...

365

,"New York Dry Natural Gas Reserves Acquisitions (Billion Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Dry Natural Gas Reserves Acquisitions (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release...

366

,"New York Dry Natural Gas Reserves Estimated Production (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Dry Natural Gas Reserves Estimated Production (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012...

367

,"New York Dry Natural Gas Reserves Extensions (Billion Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Dry Natural Gas Reserves Extensions (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release...

368

,"New York Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Decreases (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Decreases (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012...

369

,"New York Dry Natural Gas Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Dry Natural Gas Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012...

370

,"New York Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012...

371

Secretary Moniz's Remarks at the Powering Africa Summit in Washington, D.C.-- As Delivered  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Secretary Moniz's remarks, as delivered, at the Power Africa Summit in Washington, D.C. on January 29, 2015.

372

Area selection for diamonds using magnetotellurics: Examples from southern Africa Alan G. Jones a,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Witwatersrand, Jan Smuts Avenue, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa k ABB AB, HVDC, Ludvika, SE-77180, Sweden a b

Jones, Alan G.

373

Four Seasons Windpower, LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Windpower, LLC Windpower, LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Four Seasons Windpower, LLC Address 1697 Wilbur Road Place Medina, Ohio Zip 44256 Sector Solar, Wind energy Product Retail product sales and distribution Phone number 866-412-8346 Website http://www.fswindpower.com Coordinates 41.169146°, -81.7476779° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.169146,"lon":-81.7476779,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

374

Tracing The Largest Seasonal Migration on Earth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is estimated that over 3.6 billion passengers are travelling during the Chinese Spring Festival travel season. They leave their working cities and return their hometowns to enjoy annual family time, and back to cities after the holiday. In this study, with the massive location-based data collected from millions of smartphone users, we propose a novel method to trace the migration flow and explore the migration patterns of Chinese people. From the temporal perspective, we explore the migration trend over time during a 34-days period, about half a month before and after the Spring Festival. From the spatial perspective, the migration directions and routes are estimated and quantified, and the migration flow is visualized. The spatial range of influence of developed regions could be reflected with the destinations of migration, the migration destinations and originations have obvious characteristic of geographical proximity.

Wang, Xianwen; Mao, Wenli; Hu, Zhigang; Gu, Li

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

A warm and wet Little Climatic Optimum and a cold and dry Little Ice Age in the southern Rocky Mountains, USA  

SciTech Connect

In the next century, increases in atmospheric trace gas concentration could warm the global average temperature beyond what it has ranged during the past century. Examination of larger-than-historic climatic changes that have occurred in the past in specific regions provides realistic context for evaluating such potential future changes. This paper has contrasted the climatic manifestation of the Little Climatic Optimum or Medieval Warm Period (AD 900--1300) with that of the Little Ice Age (AD 1300--1850) in the northern Colorado Plateau region of the southwestern USA. The zenith of the Anasazi occupation coincides with the former and their demise coincides with the latter, when conditions became too cold and especially dry (in the summer) to support upland dry farming. During the height of the Little Climatic Optimum the region was characterized by a relatively long growing season and greater winter and summer precipitation than that of today. This resulted in a relatively rapid development of a potential dry-farming belt that was twice as wide as the present and areas that cannot be dry farmed today were routinely farmed by the Anasazi. Such conditions would be beneficial to dry farmers in the Four Corners region if those conditions were repeated in the near future.

Petersen, K.L.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Biofuels in Africa May Help Achieve Global Goals, Experts Say | Worldwatch Institute Login | Register | Shopping Cart  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuels in Africa May Help Achieve Global Goals, Experts Say | Worldwatch Institute Login Contact Us Sign Up for e-mail updates Home » Online Features » e2 - Eye on Earth Biofuels in Africa May for developing biofuels from sugar cane and other crops. Photo by Steve McNicholas Africa can use the biofuels

377

"Some, for all, forever" Managing Water for Sustainable Development in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"Some, for all, forever" Managing Water for Sustainable Development in South Africa Priscilla" Integrated Water Resources Management in South Africa" a. Natural Conditions and Hydrology b. Pollution c Services Act of 1997 IV. Evaluation: South Africa as a Case Study a. Environmental goals b. Equity goals c

Mauzerall, Denise

378

Socio-Cultural Challenges for the Internet in South Africa Philip Machanick*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Socio-Cultural Challenges for the Internet in South Africa Philip Machanick* Department of Computer Science University of the Witwatersrand Private Bag 3 2050 Wits South Africa http://www.cs.wits.ac.za/~philip/ philip@cs.wits.ac.za abstract A key aspect of technology policy in South Africa today is universal access

Machanick, Philip

379

Distribution and population diversity of Ceratocystis pirilliformis in South Africa G. Kamgan Nkuekam1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distribution and population diversity of Ceratocystis pirilliformis in South Africa G. Kamgan (FABI), University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa, 0002 I. Barnes Department of Genetics, FABI, University of Pretoria, South Africa, 0002 M.J. Wingfield J. Roux Department of Microbiology and Plant

380

Paying the Piper: The High Cost of Funerals in South Africa1 Princeton University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Paying the Piper: The High Cost of Funerals in South Africa1 Anne Case Princeton University Anu University of Chicago Analia Olgiati Harvard University Running Title: High Cost of Funerals in South Africa-aged adults. In one site in South Africa that has been under demographic surveillance since the early 1990s

Rowley, Clarence W.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Building Bridges for Deaf Telephony in South Africa A Community-Centred Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Building Bridges for Deaf Telephony in South Africa A Community-Centred Approach by William Tucker in South Africa is marginalized from First World telecommunication solutions by a variety of factors in South Africa, we leap frog past the developed world's Deaf Telephony relay solutions to a fully

Blake, Edwin

382

Sir --As 27 April 2004 marks ten years of multiracial democracy in South Africa,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sir -- As 27 April 2004 marks ten years of multiracial democracy in South Africa, it is appropriate, engineering and technology. The strategy rightly notes that, given South Africa's correspondence NATURE|VOL428 of Research in South Africa (CAPRISA), University of KwaZulu-Natal, King George V Avenue, Durban 4041, South

383

Susceptibility of provenances and families of Pinus maximinoi and Pinus tecunumanii to frost in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in South Africa R. G. Mitchell · M. J. Wingfield · G. R. Hodge · W. S. Dvorak · T. A. Coutinho Received: 15+Business Media B.V. 2012 Abstract The future of South Africa's most important pine species, Pinus patula subtropical species that provide an alternative to planting P. patula on the warmer sites of South Africa

384

South Africa 1-2 9/11 Arts Project 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

South Africa 1-2 9/11 Arts Project 3 Pine Ridge 4-5 Equine Therapy 6 Emotional Resources 7 Outsider on Carlyle Circle ArtTherapy in South Africa Expanding our Diversity Course by Becky Jacobson, 2nd year South to further introduce art therapy to the people of South Africa. Our group was composed of eleven students

Schmitt, William R.

385

Labor Force Participation, Gender and Work in South Africa: What Can Time Use Data Reveal?*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Labor Force Participation, Gender and Work in South Africa: What Can Time Use Data Reveal, gender, labor force participation, South Africa. JEL Codes: E24, J22 #12;3 I. Introduction: There have been many studies analyzing South Africas labor market problems, particularly its high unemployment

Lansky, Joshua

386

Anticyclonic and cyclonic eddies of subtropical origin in the subantarctic zone south of Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anticyclonic and cyclonic eddies of subtropical origin in the subantarctic zone south of Africa and cyclonic eddies of subtropical origin in the subantarctic zone south of Africa, J. Geophys. Res., 116, C into the Southern Ocean. The oceanic domain south of South Africa, where the Agulhas Current system abuts

Boyer, Edmond

387

Transport and variability of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current south of Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transport and variability of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current south of Africa Sebastiaan Swart,1) of the ACC south of Africa. Surface dynamic height is derived from XBT data by establishing an empirical and variability of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current south of Africa, J. Geophys. Res., 113, C09014, doi:10

388

Contextual appraisal of GM cotton diffusion in South Africa Michel Fok1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contextual appraisal of GM cotton diffusion in South Africa Michel Fok1 , Jean-Luc Hofs1 , Marnus Gouse2 , Johann Kirsten2 1 CIRAD, France ; 2 University of Pretoria, South Africa Published in: Life the introduction of GMC and this causes observers to question the so-called success story of GMC in South Africa

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

389

Novel methods reveal shifts in migration phenology of barn swallows in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Novel methods reveal shifts in migration phenology of barn swallows in South Africa Res Altwegg National Biodiversity Institute, P/Bag X7, Claremont 7735, South Africa Animal Demography Unit, Department of Zoology and Department of Statistical Sciences, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa

de Villiers, Marienne

390

Learn more about the summer course which includes a 3 week trip to South Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Learn more about the summer course which includes a 3 week trip to South Africa. The program an introduction to the historical and the con- temporary South Africa as well as at least one post trip meeting@binghamton.edu or Josephine Allen at jaallen@binghamton.edu. Destination South Africa - Summer Course 2012 February 28th

Suzuki, Masatsugu

391

History and the Technopolitics of Identity: The Case of Apartheid South Africa*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

History and the Technopolitics of Identity: The Case of Apartheid South Africa* Paul N. Edwards and computers in apartheid South Africa, considering these systems ­ and apartheid more generally ­ as forms-apartheid activists, who fought to limit South Africa's access to these systems. We argue that nuclear systems enacted

Edwards, Paul N.

392

A new species of CrypllOnectria from South Africa and Australia, pathogenic to Eucalyptus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new species of CrypllOnectria from South Africa and Australia, pathogenic to Eucalyptus Marieka (FABI), University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa Venter, M., H. Myburg, B. D. Wingfield, T. A. Coutinho & M. J. Wingfield (2002). A new species of Cryphonectria from South Africa and Australia, patho

393

Interannual memory effects for spring NDVI in semi-arid South Africa Yves Richard,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interannual memory effects for spring NDVI in semi-arid South Africa Yves Richard,1 Nade`ge Martiny vegetation dynamics of semi-arid South Africa may preferably be driven by biological rather than hydrological (2008), Interannual memory effects for spring NDVI in semi-arid South Africa, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L

Boyer, Edmond

394

International Sirex Symposium, Pretoria, South Africa 9-16 May 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Sirex Symposium, Pretoria, South Africa 9-16 May 2007 Page 46 PERSPECTIVES of South America. Prior to joining FAO, Gillian worked in Africa for 12 years, including five years ON THE IMPENDING THREAT OF SIREX NOCTILIO TO AFRICA Gillian Allard Forestry Department, Food and Agriculture

395

Genotypic Diversity of Sphaeropsis sapinea from South Africa and Northern Sumatra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Genotypic Diversity of Sphaeropsis sapinea from South Africa and Northern Sumatra H. Smith. South Africa; and 1\\1.J. Wingfield, J. de Wet, and T. A. Coutinho, Department of Microbiology and Plant (FABI), University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa ABSTRACT Smith, H., Wingfield, M. 1., de Wet

396

Tropospheric ozone climatology over Irene, South Africa, from 1990 to 1994 and 1998 to 2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tropospheric ozone climatology over Irene, South Africa, from 1990 to 1994 and 1998 to 2002 R. D in South Africa are reported for the period 1990 to 1994 and a more recent period, 1998 to 2002, when), Tropospheric ozone climatology over Irene, South Africa, from 1990 to 1994 and 1998 to 2002, J. Geophys. Res

Thompson, Anne

397

International Sirex Symposium, Pretoria, South Africa 9-16 May 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Sirex Symposium, Pretoria, South Africa 9-16 May 2007 Page 43 THE THREAT OF SIREX NOCTILIO AND OTHER ALIEN INVASIVE SPECIES IN AFRICA Clement Chilima FISNA Secretariat, Forestry Research the threat of alien invasive species to forest resources in Africa and the weak capacity of most African

398

Predicting Incursion of Plant Invaders into Kruger National Park, South Africa: The Interplay of General  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Predicting Incursion of Plant Invaders into Kruger National Park, South Africa: The Interplay, South African National Parks, Skukuza, South Africa, 4 Centre for Invasion Biology, Department of Botany and Zoology, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa, 5 Department of Plant Science, University

Kratochvíl, Lukas

399

LSE-UCT July School in Cape Town, South Africa 30 June -11 July 2014  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LSE-UCT July School in Cape Town, South Africa 30 June -11 July 2014 The London School of Economics, South Africa, are now open. Details of how to apply are available on the website. The deadline to Africa today. The programme is taught by outstanding faculty from the University of Cape Town and LSE

Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

400

Southern Forests 2011, 73(1): 113 Printed in South Africa --All rights reserved  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Southern Forests 2011, 73(1): 1­13 Printed in South Africa -- All rights reserved Copyright © NISC 1260, South Africa 2 Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology, Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI), University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa * Corresponding author, e

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

2nd Edition Nov. 2011 CampusFrance South Africa Newsletter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2nd Edition Nov. 2011 CampusFrance South Africa Newsletter Table of contents : o Current Bursary offered by the French Embassy aim to respond to South Africa and Lesotho's need to train and equip French per country) for Honours and Masters students from South Korea, Mexico, India, USA, South Africa

Wagner, Stephan

402

First report of bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearumon eucalypts in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

First report of bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearumon eucalypts in South Africa BY T. A of Pretoria, 0002 Pretoria, South Africa. E-mail: Teresa. Coutinho@FABI.up.ac.za; 3 Department of Microbiology and Biochemistry, University of the Orange Free State, PO Box 339, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa; 4 Agricultural

403

SAI Study Tour to South Africa "Cultural Immersion and Transformational Learning"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

11th SAI Study Tour to South Africa "Cultural Immersion and Transformational Learning" The Rutgers Graduate School of Education offers a unique 3-credit summer experience in South Africa; its schools and rural townships located in the Gauteng and Western Cape provinces of South Africa. Among the planned

404

Improving Crop Yield and Water Productivity by Ecological Sanitation and Water Harvesting in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X01, Scottsville 3209, South Africa *S Supporting Information and fertility constraints in rain- fed smallholder agriculture in South Africa, namely in situ water harvesting significantly increased maize yields by 12% and transpiration by 2% on average across South Africa. In situ

Wehrli, Bernhard

405

Pieter Steijnberg KRITZINGER Born in South Africa on 21 February 1944  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pieter Steijnberg KRITZINGER Born in South Africa on 21 February 1944 Emeritus Professor University of Cape Town Private Bag, RONDEBOSCH, 7700 South Africa http://www.cs.uct.ac.za/ psk Curriculum Vitae­1968 University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. 1969­1972 University of Waterloo, Waterloo

Kritzinger, Pieter S.

406

New species of Anthostomella on fynbos, with a key to the genus in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New species of Anthostomella on fynbos, with a key to the genus in South Africa Seonju LEE, South Africa. E-mail : slee@maties.sun.ac.za Received 3 April 2002; accepted 18 November 2002. A study of saprobic fungi occurring on the fynbos of the Western Cape Province of South Africa yielded four unknown

407

Corrosion assessment of dry fuel storage containers  

SciTech Connect

The structural stability as a function of expected corrosion degradation of 75 dry fuel storage containers located in the 200 Area Low-Level Waste Burial Grounds was evaluated. These containers include 22 concrete burial containers, 13 55-gal (208-l) drums, and 40 Experimental Breeder Reactor II (EBR-II) transport/storage casks. All containers are buried beneath at least 48 in. of soil and a heavy plastic tarp with the exception of 35 of the EBR-II casks which are exposed to atmosphere. A literature review revealed that little general corrosion is expected and pitting corrosion of the carbon steel used as the exterior shell for all containers (with the exception of the concrete containers) will occur at a maximum rate of 3.5 mil/yr. Penetration from pitting of the exterior shell of the 208-l drums and EBR-II casks is calculated to occur after 18 and 71 years of burial, respectively. The internal construction beneath the shell would be expected to preclude containment breach, however, for the drums and casks. The estimates for structural failure of the external shells, large-scale shell deterioration due to corrosion, are considerably longer, 39 and 150 years respectively for the drums and casks. The concrete burial containers are expected to withstand a service life of 50 years.

Graves, C.E.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Solvent Selection Use dry ice/isopropanol for cooling baths  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solvent Selection Use dry ice/isopropanol for cooling baths Reaches essentially the same temperature as dry ice/acetone (-77°C vs. -78°C), but the lower volatility of isopropanol minimizes vapor a closed-loop cooling system for condensers Closed-loop cooling systems eliminate wastewater and accidental

Chan, Hue Sun

409

RISO-M-2438 Dry deposition and resuspension of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CO RISO-M-2438 2 S Dry deposition and resuspension of particulate matter in city environments N 1984 få #12;RIS?-M-2438 DRY DEPOSITION AND RESUSPENSION OF PARITUCLATE NATTER IN CITY ENVIRONMENTS N.O. Jensen Abstract. The report describes, mostly in qualitative terms, the deposition and resuspension

410

Simple approaches for measuring dry atmospheric nitrogen deposition to watersheds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

'' and spatial variations of gaseous dry N deposition (i.e., nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ammonia (NH3)), thoughSimple approaches for measuring dry atmospheric nitrogen deposition to watersheds Heather E. Golden the effects of atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition on surface water quality requires accurate accounts

Elliott, Emily M.

411

Dry friction avalanches: Experiment and theory Sergey V. Buldyrev,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dry friction avalanches: Experiment and theory Sergey V. Buldyrev,1 John Ferrante,2 and Fredy R and theoretical models are presented supporting the conjecture that dry friction stick-slip is described by self the variation of the friction force as a function of time. We study nominally flat surfaces of matching aluminum

Buldyrev, Sergey

412

Multiobjective optimization of the dry electric discharge machining process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

January 15, 2009 Abstract Dry Electric Discharge Machining (EDM) is an environment­friendly modification: Electric Discharge Machining (EDM), Dry EDM, Design of experiments, Multi­objective optimization, NSGA II;1 Introduction Electric Discharge Machining (EDM) is a thermo­electric process in which material removal takes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

413

Horizontal Air Flow Drying Foods at Home Safely  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Horizontal Air Flow Drying Foods at Home Safely Choosing a Food Dehydrator Drying is one. The thermostat should go up to 160 degrees F. The unit should have a fan or blower for air circulation. Mesh trays made of sturdy plastic that can be easily washed. UL seal of approval is recommended for safety

414

Seasonal variation of radon concentrations in UK homes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The patterns of seasonal variation of radon concentrations were measured in 91 homes in five regions of the UK over a period of two years. The results showed that there was no significant difference between the regions in the pattern or magnitude of seasonal variation in radon concentrations. The arithmetic mean variation was found to be close to that found previously in the UK national survey. Differences in the pattern between the two years of the study were not significant. Two-thirds of homes in the study followed the expected pattern of high radon in the winter and low radon in the summer. Most of the rest showed little seasonal variation, and a few showed a reversed seasonal pattern. The study does not provide any clear evidence for the recorded house characteristics having an effect on the seasonal variation in radon concentrations in UK homes, though the statistical power for determining such effects is limited in this study. The magnitude of the seasonal variation varied widely between homes. Analysis of the individual results from the homes showed that because of the wide variation in the amount of seasonal variation, applying seasonal correction factors to the results of three-month measurements can yield only relatively small improvements in the accuracy of estimates of annual mean concentrations.

J C H Miles; C B Howarth; N Hunter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Seasonal mass balance gradients in Norway L. A. Rasmussen1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE) P. O. Box 5091 Majorstua, N-0301 Oslo, Norway16 Aug 05 Seasonal mass balance gradients in Norway L. A. Rasmussen1 and L. M. Andreassen2 1 in Norway exists in their profiles of both seasonal balances, winter bw(z) and summer bs(z). Unlike many

Rasmussen, L.A.

416

SEASONAL CLIMATE EXTREMES: MECHANISMS, PREDICTABILITY AND RESPONSES TO GLOBAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SEASONAL CLIMATE EXTREMES: MECHANISMS, PREDICTABILITY AND RESPONSES TO GLOBAL WARMING Mxolisi Excellent Shongwe #12;ISBN : 978-90-902-5046-5 #12;SEASONAL CLIMATE EXTREMES: MECHANISMS, PREDICTABILITY;. . . Dedicated to my late father John Mabhensa Shongwe #12;ABSTRACT Climate extremes are rarely occurring natural

Haak, Hein

417

File:NREL-africa-tilt.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

tilt.pdf tilt.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Africa - Annual Flat Plate Tilted at Latitude (PDF) Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 5.69 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Africa - Annual Flat Plate Tilted at Latitude (PDF) Description Africa - Annual Flat Plate Tilted at Latitude (PDF) Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-PV, Solar-40km Creation Date 2005-01-11 Extent Continent Countries Africa UN Region File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:34, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:34, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (5.69 MB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

418

MSU at Work in Africa: Safe Water and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Unless water is managed efficiently and equitably, it will remain a serious limiting factor to human to promote greater water use efficiency, recover costs, and conserve the resource. These changesMSU at Work in Africa: Safe Water and Environmental Health Issues and Problems Water contamination

419

HelenPearson,NewYork Africa should pursue agricultural research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

research should focus on the four farming systems that they think have the most potential: mixing maizeAfrica,"iswherethesethingsdropdead." Others point out problems with the specifics of the report. For example, scien- tists at the proposed- making body, voted to lift a three-year moratorium on therapeutic cloning by ten votes to five.The main

Cai, Long

420

Sub-Saharan Africa report, [January 29, 1987  

SciTech Connect

Partial Contents: Subsaharan Africa, resolution, settlement, leaderships, election fraud, political, propaganda war, guerrilla war, commonwealth president, warns officers, national youth corps, diversity, unemployment, fuel consumption, journalists, cultural agreement, steel plants, foreign investment, energy, fuel shortage, fertilizer, export, telecommunication, defense workers, farming, private school, educational, scholarships, case study, government, economics, political philosophy, sociopolitical, industrial.

NONE

1987-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Deploying American-Made Clean Energy Technologies in South Africa  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The Energy Department works with American and international organizations to break down barriers to widely deploying U.S.-made clean energy technologies in countries throughout the world. Learn more about an Energy Department-supported project involving reflective cool roof surfaces, solar water heaters, and other technologies that are helping South Africa reduce energy use and carbon emissions.

422

The epidemiology of human immunodeficiency virus in South Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...CH-1211, Switzerland We review the epidemiology of human immunodeficiency...done in this regard in order to plan, coordinate and evaluate an...virus in South Africa. | We review the epidemiology of human immunodeficiency...done in this regard in order to plan, coordinate and evaluate an...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Building Climate Smart Agriculture in Africa through Sustainable Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Building Climate Smart Agriculture in Africa through Sustainable Development Diplomacy William R is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner." UN Framework Convention, Agriculture for Development and the meetings that preceded this one #12;There was no "Green Revolution

Tufts University

424

Page 1 of 5 Water Governance in Southern Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Darling Basin, rural water trading, water demand, urban water pricing and management, optimal water allocation Page 1 of 5 Water Governance in Southern Africa: UNESCO Chair in Water Economics and Transboundary Water Governance The ANUUNESCO Chair in Water Economics and Transboundary Water Governance

Botea, Adi

425

mHealth in sub-Saharan Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mobile phone penetration rates have reached 63% in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and are projected to pass 70% by 2013. In SSA, millions of people who never used traditional landlines now use mobile phones on a regular basis. Mobile health, or mHealth, is ...

Thomas J. Betjeman, Samara E. Soghoian, Mark P. Foran

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

The Pelindaba Treaty: Africa joins the nuclear-free world  

SciTech Connect

The Pelindaba Treaty will encourage the creation of other nuclear-weapon-free zones, particularly in Southeast Asia and the Middle East, and set new patterns and precedents for such regional endeavors. The author examines the events leading up to Africa becoming a nuclear free zone.

Fischer, D.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

The Biophysical and Geographical Determinants of Hunger in Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

calculated for populated portions of SNUs ! Utilized CIESIN's GRUMP 1km population density grid ! RemovedThe Biophysical and Geographical Determinants of Hunger in Africa Alex de Sherbinin CIESIN, Columbia University Presentation in the session "Making Population-Environment Research Relevant to Policy

Columbia University

428

REEEP/UNIDO Sustainable Energy Regulation and Policymaking for Africa  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

REEEP/UNIDO Sustainable Energy Regulation and Policymaking for Africa REEEP/UNIDO Sustainable Energy Regulation and Policymaking for Africa Toolkit Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Sustainable Energy Regulation and Policymaking for Africa Toolkit Agency/Company /Organization: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership Partner: United Nations Industrial Development Organization Sector: Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual, Training materials Website: africa-toolkit.reeep.org/ Coordinates: -8.783195°, 34.508523° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-8.783195,"lon":34.508523,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

429

Innovative Drying Technology Extracts More Energy from High Moisture Coal |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Innovative Drying Technology Extracts More Energy from High Innovative Drying Technology Extracts More Energy from High Moisture Coal Innovative Drying Technology Extracts More Energy from High Moisture Coal March 11, 2010 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - An innovative coal-drying technology that will extract more energy from high moisture coal at less cost and simultaneously reduce potentially harmful emissions is ready for commercial use after successful testing at a Minnesota electric utility. The DryFining(TM) technology was developed with funding from the first round of the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI). Great River Energy of Maple Grove, Minn., has selected the WorleyParsons Group to exclusively distribute licenses for the technology, which essentially uses waste heat from a power plant to reduce moisture content

430

Energy SWAT Team Prepares for Hurricane Season | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SWAT Team Prepares for Hurricane Season SWAT Team Prepares for Hurricane Season Energy SWAT Team Prepares for Hurricane Season August 17, 2010 - 11:30am Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? First-responder training sessions at the Department help prepare employees for hurricane season and other potential energy-sector emergencies. If you live in a part of the country where hurricanes might cause damage, be sure to have a plan and a kit ready. On June 29, Hurricane Alex became the first hurricane of the 2010 season, and the first Atlantic hurricane to occur as early as June since 1995. The next day, a Department of Energy "energy response team" gathered in Washington, D.C. for the last in a series of first-responder training

431

Energy SWAT Team Prepares for Hurricane Season | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy SWAT Team Prepares for Hurricane Season Energy SWAT Team Prepares for Hurricane Season Energy SWAT Team Prepares for Hurricane Season August 17, 2010 - 11:30am Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? First-responder training sessions at the Department help prepare employees for hurricane season and other potential energy-sector emergencies. If you live in a part of the country where hurricanes might cause damage, be sure to have a plan and a kit ready. On June 29, Hurricane Alex became the first hurricane of the 2010 season, and the first Atlantic hurricane to occur as early as June since 1995. The next day, a Department of Energy "energy response team" gathered in Washington, D.C. for the last in a series of first-responder training

432

Cost effective waste management through composting in Africa  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The financial/social/institutional sustainability of waste management in Africa is analysed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This note is a compendium of a study on the potential for GHG control via improved zero waste in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This study provides the framework for Local Authorities for realizing sustained GHG reductions. - Abstract: Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions per person from urban waste management activities are greater in sub-Saharan African countries than in other developing countries, and are increasing as the population becomes more urbanised. Waste from urban areas across Africa is essentially dumped on the ground and there is little control over the resulting gas emissions. The clean development mechanism (CDM), from the 1997 Kyoto Protocol has been the vehicle to initiate projects to control GHG emissions in Africa. However, very few of these projects have been implemented and properly registered. A much more efficient and cost effective way to control GHG emissions from waste is to stabilise the waste via composting and to use the composted material as a soil improver/organic fertiliser or as a component of growing media. Compost can be produced by open windrow or in-vessel composting plants. This paper shows that passively aerated open windrows constitute an appropriate low-cost option for African countries. However, to provide an usable compost material it is recommended that waste is processed through a materials recovery facility (MRF) before being composted. The paper demonstrates that material and biological treatment (MBT) are viable in Africa where they are funded, e.g. CDM. However, they are unlikely to be instigated unless there is a replacement to the Kyoto Protocol, which ceases for Registration in December 2012.

Couth, R. [CRECHE, Centre for Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, Civil Engineering Programme, School of Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041 (South Africa); Trois, C., E-mail: troisc@ukzn.ac.za [CRECHE, Centre for Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, Civil Engineering Programme, School of Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041 (South Africa)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

433

Structural Sensitivity of Dry Storage Canisters  

SciTech Connect

This LS-DYNA modeling study evaluated a generic used nuclear fuel vertical dry storage cask system under tip-over, handling drop, and seismic load cases to determine the sensitivity of the canister containment boundary to these loads. The goal was to quantify the expected failure margins to gain insight into what material changes over the extended long-term storage lifetime could have the most influence on the security of the containment boundary. It was determined that the tip-over case offers a strong challenge to the containment boundary, and identifies one significant material knowledge gap, the behavior of welded stainless steel joints under high-strain-rate conditions. High strain rates are expected to increase the materials effective yield strength and ultimate strength, and may decrease its ductility. Determining and accounting for this behavior could potentially reverse the model prediction of a containment boundary failure at the canister lid weld. It must be emphasized that this predicted containment failure is an artifact of the generic system modeled. Vendor specific designs analyze for cask tip-over and these analyses are reviewed and approved by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Another location of sensitivity of the containment boundary is the weld between the base plate and the canister shell. Peak stresses at this location predict plastic strains through the whole thickness of the welded material. This makes the base plate weld an important location for material study. This location is also susceptible to high strain rates, and accurately accounting for the material behavior under these conditions could have a significant effect on the predicted performance of the containment boundary. The handling drop case was largely benign to the containment boundary, with just localized plastic strains predicted on the outer surfaces of wall sections. It would take unusual changes in the handling drop scenario to harm the containment boundary, such as raising the drop height or changing the impact angle. The seismic load case was derived from the August 23, 2011 earthquake that affected the North Anna power station. The source of the data was a monitoring station near Charlottesville, Virginia, so the ground motion is not an exact match. Stresses on the containment boundary were so low, even from a fatigue standpoint, that the seismic load case is generally not a concern. Based on this study, it is recommended that high strain rate testing of welded stainless steel test samples be pursued to define the currently unknown material behavior. Additional modeling is recommended to evaluate specific dry storage cask system designs subjected to tip-over loads using a high level of model detail. Additional modeling of the canister interior components (basket, fuel assemblies, etc.) is also recommended, to evaluate the feasibility of fuel retrievability after a tip-over incident. Finally, additional modeling to determine how much degradation a system could undergo and still maintain the integrity of the confinement barrier should be performed.

Klymyshyn, Nicholas A.; Karri, Naveen K.; Adkins, Harold E.; Hanson, Brady D.

2013-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

434

82,000-year-old shell beads from North Africa and implications for the origins of modern human behavior  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...North Africa. These marine shells come from archaeological...in South Africa. Wear patterns on the shells...integrated with the wear patterns. Conclusions...of the perforated marine shells from Taforalt...North Africa. These marine shells come from...in South Africa. Wear patterns on...

Abdeljalil Bouzouggar; Nick Barton; Marian Vanhaeren; Francesco d'Errico; Simon Collcutt; Tom Higham; Edward Hodge; Simon Parfitt; Edward Rhodes; Jean-Luc Schwenninger; Chris Stringer; Elaine Turner; Steven Ward; Abdelkrim Moutmir; Abdelhamid Stambouli

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Breast health problems are rare in both HIV-infected and uninfected women supported to exclusively breastfeed in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to exclusively breastfeed in South Africa RM Bland1,2 , R Becquet1,3,4 , NC Rollins5 , A Coutsoudis5 , HM, Somkhele, South Africa 2 Division of Developmental Medicine, University of Glasgow, UK 3 INSERM, Unité 593Zulu Natal, South Africa 6 Centre for HIV/AIDS Networking, University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa 7 Centre

Boyer, Edmond

436

South Atlantic continental margins of Africa: A comparison of the tectonic vs climate interplay on the evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

South Atlantic continental margins of Africa: A comparison of the tectonic vs climate interplay on the evolution of equatorial west Africa and SW Africa margins Michel Se´ranne *, Zahie Anka UMR 5573 Dynamique February 2005; accepted 18 July 2005 Abstract Africa displays a variety of continental margin structures

Demouchy, Sylvie

437

Economic Research Southern Africa (ERSA) is a research programme funded by the National Treasury of South Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic Research Southern Africa (ERSA) is a research programme funded by the National Treasury of political and/or personal connection with the president. Pennsylvania State University, Economic Research as career diplomats across different types of postings. The central issue being addressed in the process

Maranas, Costas

438

Economic analysis of transportation directly reduced iron (DRI) through ship  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Directly reduced iron (DRI) is a major source of iron units in cases of low scrap availability and/or hot metal. Its main advantage is it is low content of phosphorus and sulphur. Removal of phosphorus and sulphur demands high energy consumption in steel making process. With fast depleting sources of cooking coal, the availability of hot metal will decrease in the coming years. Also, scrap availability is already on the declining trend. Hence, DRI is going to be the main source of iron units in the future, especially in electric arc furnace (EAF steel making). The disadvantage of DRI usages lies in it is high reactivity. Freshly produced DRI possesses high susceptibility to oxidation whenever it comes in contact with air. The generated heat in the oxidation reaction increases the tendency to oxidation, thereby, starting a short of chain reaction and ultimately leading to the burning of DRI. This phenomenon makes storage and handling of DRI a concern. The problem caused loss of one cargo in Delta steel company, Nigeria. The authors of this dissertation were given the responsibility to work out the solution in the minimum possible time for implementing it to the next shipments. It is heartening that the problem could be successfully solved and implemented in the next shipments in November '06. Hence, after above work implementation of the recommendations for a $45 risk/ton of DRI, only $1 is to be spent for protection against the risk.

Manikant K. Paswan; Chinmoy Mukherjee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Selective mining and beneficiation at Grootegeluk coal mine Waterberg Coalfield, South Africa  

SciTech Connect

Grootegeluk Coal Mine, situated in the Waterberg Coalfield in the Northern Province of South Africa, ranks among the largest open pit coal mines in the world in terms of run of mine tonnage. Commissioned in 1980 to provide steel producer Iscor with coking coal, Grootegeluk currently produces 53 Mt of coking coal per annum. At present Iscor consumes 1.2 Mt of coking coal while Matimba, the world's largest direct dry cooled PowerStation consumes an additional 12.6 Mt. Fine washing and screening plants currently beneficiate the run of mine feed from this multi-seam multi-product mine. Although the Waterberg Coalfield contains approximately 50% of South Africa's coal reserves, Grootegeluk is the only operating mine in this coalfield. The coal seams of the Waterberg Coalfield occur in the Volksrust and Vryheids formations of the Karoo Sequence. Numerous coal seams ranging from a few millimeters up to 8 meters occur over a stratigraphic thickness of at least 120 meters. These coal seams are grouped into eleven coal bearing zones that can be correlated across the coalfield. The coal- and coalbearing strata in the Waterberg are of late Paleozoic to early Mesozoic age. Coal from the Volksrust formation is autochthonous while the coal from the Vryheid formation is allochthonous. To ensure that sufficient geological and analytical data are obtained from exploration boreholes an extensive sampling procedure was established with washability data ranging from 1,35 to 2,20 g/cc. The analyses indicated that certain parts of the coalbearing strata is not suitable for the production of coking coal due to the high phosphorus content or the poor coking properties. This resulted in an open pit with 11 mining benches. The upper parts of the deposit is extracted by conventional shovel and truck operations while the coal seams of the lower part of the deposit are mined selectively with hydraulic shovels. At Grootegeluk down the hole geophysics (natural gamma) are used for grade control and also to quantify the effect of over- or undermining on the various mining benches. Reconciliation between the run of mine material dispatched to the various plants and their resulted yields/qualities are done regularly.

NONE

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Economic analysis of wind-powered crop drying. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Potential applications of wind energy include not only large central turbines that can be utilized by utilities, but also dispersed systems for farms and other applications. The US Departments of Energy (DOE) and Agriculture (USDA) currently are establishing the feasibility of wind energy use in applications where the energy can be used as available, or stored in a simple form. These applications include production of hot water for rural sanitation, heating and cooling of rural structures and products, drying agricultural products, and irrigation. This study, funded by USDA, analyzed the economic feasibility of wind power in crop drying. Drying of corn, soybeans, rice, peanuts, tobacco, and dehydrated alfalfa were addressed.

Garling, W.S.; Harper, M.R.; Merchant-Geuder, L.; Welch, M.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Dry Lake II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dry Lake II Wind Farm Dry Lake II Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Dry Lake II Wind Farm Facility Dry Lake II Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Iberdrola Renewables Developer Iberdrola Renewables Energy Purchaser Salt River Project Location Northwest of Snowflake AZ Coordinates 34.635651°, -110.357351° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.635651,"lon":-110.357351,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

442

Independent Oversight Review, Hanford K Basin and Cold Vacuum Drying  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

K Basin and Cold Vacuum K Basin and Cold Vacuum Drying Facility - August 2012 Independent Oversight Review, Hanford K Basin and Cold Vacuum Drying Facility - August 2012 August 2012 Review of Hanford K Basin and Cold Vacuum Drying Facility Found Fuel Multi-Canister Overpack Operations The purpose of this independent oversight review by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Enforcement and Oversight (Independent Oversight), within the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) was to observe the operations associated with processing a Multi-Canister Overpack (MCO) of "found fuel" (small quantities of spent fuel discovered during cleanup of the reactor burial grounds) at the Cold Vacuum Drying Facility (CVDF). The found fuel MCO was transported from the K West Basin on the Hanford

443

Independent Oversight Review, Hanford K Basin and Cold Vacuum Drying  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hanford K Basin and Cold Vacuum Hanford K Basin and Cold Vacuum Drying Facility - August 2012 Independent Oversight Review, Hanford K Basin and Cold Vacuum Drying Facility - August 2012 August 2012 Review of Hanford K Basin and Cold Vacuum Drying Facility Found Fuel Multi-Canister Overpack Operations The purpose of this independent oversight review by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Enforcement and Oversight (Independent Oversight), within the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) was to observe the operations associated with processing a Multi-Canister Overpack (MCO) of "found fuel" (small quantities of spent fuel discovered during cleanup of the reactor burial grounds) at the Cold Vacuum Drying Facility (CVDF). The found fuel MCO was transported from the K West Basin on the Hanford

444

Dry Cask Storage Study Feb 1989 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Dry Cask Storage Study Feb 1989 Dry Cask Storage Study Feb 1989 Dry Cask Storage Study Feb 1989 This report on the use of dry-cask-storage technologies at the sites of civilian nuclear power reactors has been prepared by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE} in response to the requirements of the Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1987 (P.L. 100-203). In particular, Section 5064 of the Amendments Act directs the Secretary of Energy to conduct a study and evaluation of using these technologies for the temporary storage of spent nuclear fuel until such time as a permanent geologic repository has been constructed and licensed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). In conducting this study, the DOE is required to consider such factors as costs, effects on human health and the environment, effects on the costs

445

Disneyland's Dry Cleaning Gets an Energy Efficient Upgrade | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Disneyland's Dry Cleaning Gets an Energy Efficient Upgrade Disneyland's Dry Cleaning Gets an Energy Efficient Upgrade Disneyland's Dry Cleaning Gets an Energy Efficient Upgrade March 16, 2011 - 2:58pm Addthis April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this project do? In three hours, enough energy is recovered from the TMC to heat 15 loads of water for L&N's largest-capacity washing machine, and enough water is recovered to fill 1-1/2 loads of that same machine. As the provider of laundry and dry cleaning services for Disneyland Resort's costumes and hospitality supply items, L&N Costume and Linen Service knows a little something about both quantity and quality. Now, with the help of the Gas Technology Institute (GTI) and the Department of Energy, this forward-looking enterprise is embracing new, clean energy

446

Aq Dryers Agricultural Drying Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aq Dryers Agricultural Drying Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Aq Dryers Agricultural Drying Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Aq Dryers Agricultural Drying Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Aq Dryers Sector Geothermal energy Type Agricultural Drying Location Vale, Oregon Coordinates 43.9821055°, -117.2382311° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

447

Winnemucca Dry Lake Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Winnemucca Dry Lake Geothermal Area Winnemucca Dry Lake Geothermal Area (Redirected from Winnemucca Dry Lake Area) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Winnemucca Dry Lake Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (1) 10 References Area Overview Geothermal Area Profile Location: Nevada Exploration Region: Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region GEA Development Phase: 2008 USGS Resource Estimate Mean Reservoir Temp: Estimated Reservoir Volume: Mean Capacity: Click "Edit With Form" above to add content History and Infrastructure Operating Power Plants: 0

448

Colorado Dry Natural Gas Reserves Sales (Billion Cubic Feet)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sales (Billion Cubic Feet) Colorado Dry Natural Gas Reserves Sales (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 1,049...

449

Colorado Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments (Billion Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Colorado Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

450

Colorado Dry Natural Gas New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields (Billion Cubic Feet) Colorado Dry Natural Gas New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

451

Colorado Dry Natural Gas Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

New Field Discoveries (Billion Cubic Feet) Colorado Dry Natural Gas Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

452

Colorado Dry Natural Gas Reserves Extensions (Billion Cubic Feet...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Extensions (Billion Cubic Feet) Colorado Dry Natural Gas Reserves Extensions (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

453

Colorado Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Decreases (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Decreases (Billion Cubic Feet) Colorado Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Decreases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

454

Colorado Dry Natural Gas Reserves Acquisitions (Billion Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Acquisitions (Billion Cubic Feet) Colorado Dry Natural Gas Reserves Acquisitions (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

455

Drying studies for corroded DOE aluminum plate fuels  

SciTech Connect

The Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) currently stores a wide variety of spent nuclear fuel. The fuel was originally intended to be stored underwater for a short period of thermal cooling, then removed and reprocessed. However, it has been stored underwater for much longer thank originally anticipated. During this time dust and airborne desert soil have entered the oldest INEL pool, accumulating on the fuel. Also, the aluminum fuel cladding has corroded compromising the exposed surfaces of the fuel. Plans are now underway to move some the the more vulnerable aluminum plate type fuels into dry storage in an existing vented and filtered fuel storage facility. In preparation for dry storage of the fuel a drying and canning station is being built at the INEL. The two primary objectives of this facility are to determine the influence of corrosion products on the drying process and to establish temperature distribution inside the canister during heating.

Lords, R.E.; Windes, W.E. [Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Crepeau, J.C.; Sidwell, R.W. [Idaho Univ., Idaho Falls, ID (United States) Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Precipitation scavenging, dry deposition, and resuspension. Volume 2. Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

Volume 2 of these proceedings contains papers on dry deposition and resuspension of airborne pollutants. Items within the scope of EDB have been entered separately into the data base. (ACR)

Pruppacher, H.R.; Semonin, R.G.; Slinn, W.G.N.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Loading guide for dry-type power transformers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Applicable to naturally cooled dry-type power transformers complying with IEC 60726. Permits the calculation of, and indicates the permissible loading under certain defined conditions in terms of rated current.

International Electrotechnical Commission. Geneva

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Effects of Multiple Drying Cycles on HBU PWR Cladding Alloys  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The purpose of this research effort is to determine the effects of canister/cask vacuum drying and storage on radial hydride precipitation in high?burnup (HBU) pressurized water reactor (PWR)...

459

Mathematical model of a Hot Dry Rock system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......efficiency calculations, geothermal energy, Hot Dry Rock, multiple crack...is to estimate the amount of energy which may be produced by a geothermic power station. Heat capacity...provides a large resource of energy. To obtain the energy cold......

Norbert Heuer; Tassilo Kpper; Dirk Windelberg

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Dry Natural Gas Production (Billion...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Billion Cubic Feet) Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Dry Natural Gas Production (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Dry Natural Gas Expected Future...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Expected Future Production (Billion Cubic Feet) Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

462

A nontransferring dry adhesive with hierarchical polymer nanohairs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A nontransferring dry adhesive with hierarchical polymer nanohairs 10.1073/pnas.0900323106 Hoon Eui Jeong Jin-Kwan Lee Hong Nam Kim Sang Heup Moon Kahp Y. Suh a School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, b School of Chemical...

Hoon Eui Jeong; Jin-Kwan Lee; Hong Nam Kim; Sang Heup Moon; Kahp Y. Suh

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Model-Generated Predictions of Dry Thunderstorm Potential  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dry thunderstorms (those that occur without significant rainfall at the ground) are common in the interior western United States. Moisture drawn into the area from the Gulfs of Mexico and California is sufficient to form high-based thunderstorms. ...

Miriam L. Rorig; Steven J. McKay; Sue A. Ferguson; Paul Werth

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Reservoir Investigations on the Hot Dry Rock Geothermal System...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Investigations on the Hot Dry Rock Geothermal System, Fenton Hill, New Mexico- Tracer Test Results Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference...

465

Oklahoma Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments (Billion Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Oklahoma Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

466

California Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments (Billion Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) California Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

467

Wyoming Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Decreases (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Decreases (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Decreases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

468

Michigan Dry Natural Gas Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

New Field Discoveries (Billion Cubic Feet) Michigan Dry Natural Gas Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

469

Michigan Dry Natural Gas Reserves Sales (Billion Cubic Feet)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Sales (Billion Cubic Feet) Michigan Dry Natural Gas Reserves Sales (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 479 24...

470

California Dry Natural Gas Reserves Acquisitions (Billion Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Acquisitions (Billion Cubic Feet) California Dry Natural Gas Reserves Acquisitions (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

471

Wyoming Dry Natural Gas Reserves Sales (Billion Cubic Feet)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sales (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry Natural Gas Reserves Sales (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 1,780...

472

Alaska Dry Natural Gas Reserves Extensions (Billion Cubic Feet...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Extensions (Billion Cubic Feet) Alaska Dry Natural Gas Reserves Extensions (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's...

473

Arkansas Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Arkansas Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

474

Oklahoma Dry Natural Gas Reserves Extensions (Billion Cubic Feet...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Extensions (Billion Cubic Feet) Oklahoma Dry Natural Gas Reserves Extensions (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

475

Pennsylvania Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments (Billion Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Pennsylvania Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

476

Kansas Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Decreases (Billion Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Decreases (Billion Cubic Feet) Kansas Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Decreases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

477

California Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) California Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

478

Montana Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Montana Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

479

Louisiana Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Louisiana Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

480

Florida Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Decreases (Billion...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Decreases (Billion Cubic Feet) Florida Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Decreases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa dry season" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Oklahoma Dry Natural Gas Reserves Sales (Billion Cubic Feet)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Sales (Billion Cubic Feet) Oklahoma Dry Natural Gas Reserves Sales (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 1,243...

482

Montana Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Montana Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

483

Utah Dry Natural Gas Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

New Field Discoveries (Billion Cubic Feet) Utah Dry Natural Gas Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

484

Michigan Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Michigan Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

485

Alabama Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Alabama Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

486

Alabama Dry Natural Gas Reserves Sales (Billion Cubic Feet)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Sales (Billion Cubic Feet) Alabama Dry Natural Gas Reserves Sales (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 140 1 6...

487

Utah Dry Natural Gas Reserves Acquisitions (Billion Cubic Feet...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Acquisitions (Billion Cubic Feet) Utah Dry Natural Gas Reserves Acquisitions (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

488

Mississippi Dry Natural Gas Reserves Sales (Billion Cubic Feet...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Sales (Billion Cubic Feet) Mississippi Dry Natural Gas Reserves Sales (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 96 34...

489

Mississippi Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Decreases (Billion...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Decreases (Billion Cubic Feet) Mississippi Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Decreases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

490

Arkansas Dry Natural Gas Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

New Field Discoveries (Billion Cubic Feet) Arkansas Dry Natural Gas Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

491

Utah Dry Natural Gas Reserves Sales (Billion Cubic Feet)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Sales (Billion Cubic Feet) Utah Dry Natural Gas Reserves Sales (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 568 17 978...

492

Utah Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Utah Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's...

493

Michigan Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments (Billion Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Michigan Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

494

Arkansas Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments (Billion Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Arkansas Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

495

California Dry Natural Gas Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

New Field Discoveries (Billion Cubic Feet) California Dry Natural Gas Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

496

Virginia Dry Natural Gas Reserves Acquisitions (Billion Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Acquisitions (Billion Cubic Feet) Virginia Dry Natural Gas Reserves Acquisitions (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

497

Louisiana Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments (Billion Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Louisiana Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

498

Louisiana Dry Natural Gas Reserves Acquisitions (Billion Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Acquisitions (Billion Cubic Feet) Louisiana Dry Natural Gas Reserves Acquisitions (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

499

Mississippi Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Mississippi Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

500

Alabama Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Alabama Dry Natural Gas Reserves Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...