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1

November 6, 2008; HSS/Union Working Group Meeting on Aging Workforce/Strategic Initiatives - DOE Illness and Injury Surveillance Program Worker Health Summary, 1995-2004  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

07-OEWH-1073 07-OEWH-1073 U.S. Department of Energy Illness and Injury Surveillance Program Worker Health Summary, 1995-2004 Questions or comments about this report or the Department of Energy's (DOE) Illness and Injury Surveillance Program (IISP) may be directed to: Dr. Cliff Strader at cliff.strader@hq.doe.gov or Dr. Bonnie Richter at bonnie.richter@hq.doe.gov United States Department of Energy Office of Health, Safety and Security Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs, HS-13 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585-0270 Additional information about the DOE's Office of Illness and Injury Prevention Programs, the IISP, and reports for DOE sites participating in this program can be found at: www.hss.energy.gov/HealthSafety/IIPP/hservices/epi_surv.html

2

Science Highlight Archives: 1995-2004  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure of CMR Oxides (701) Electronic Structure of Quasicrystals (1100) Charge Stripes in High-Temperature Superconductors (100) X-Ray Raman Scattering Establishes HTSC...

3

Science Highlight Archives: 1995-2004  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Suggest Recalibration of Proton Affinities (101) Dynamics of Pentane and Propane Metathesis Reactions (199) The Inside Story on Oxygen (1297) Semiconductors,...

4

Current Status of Energy Efficiency in South Africa (Presentation) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Current Status of Energy Efficiency in South Africa (Presentation) Current Status of Energy Efficiency in South Africa (Presentation) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Spain Installed Wind Capacity Website Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Market Analysis Website: www.gwec.net/index.php?id=131 Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/spain-installed-wind-capacity-website Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Feed-in Tariffs This website presents an overview of total installed wind energy capacity in Spain per year from 2000 to 2010. The page also presents the main market developments from 2010; a policy summary; a discussion of the revision in feed-in tariffs in 2010; and a future market outlook. References Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Current_Status_of_Energy_Efficiency_in_South_Africa_(Presentation)&oldid=514359"

5

TME Spain | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TME Spain TME Spain Jump to: navigation, search Name TME Spain Place Spain Sector Wind energy Product Spanish firm TME, a privately owned company, currently holds equity investments in various wind farm developments in Spain. References TME Spain[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. TME Spain is a company located in Spain . References ↑ "TME Spain" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=TME_Spain&oldid=352302" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load)

6

Africa Land Use (1980)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Africa Land Use (1980) image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNLCDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information...

7

Immosolar Spain | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Spain Spain Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Immosolar Spain Name Immosolar Spain Address C/ Sigfrido 1, pl.2 of.21 Place Barcelona, Spain Sector Solar Product Solar energy systems and equipment Phone number (+34) 902 405 001 Website http://www.immosolar.com/ Coordinates 41.387917°, 2.1699187° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.387917,"lon":2.1699187,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

8

Africa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Africa Jump to: navigation, search Select a country above to navigate to that country's page....

9

Temperature Variability over Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The variation of near-surface air temperature anomalies in Africa between 1979 and 2010 is investigated primarily using Microwave Sounding Unit (MSU) total lower-tropospheric temperature data from the Remote Sensing Systems (RSS) and the ...

Jennifer M. Collins

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Demand Response Research in Spain  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demand Response Research in Spain Demand Response Research in Spain Speaker(s): Iñigo Cobelo Date: August 22, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Mary Ann Piette The Spanish power system is becoming increasingly difficult to operate. The peak load grows every year, and the permission to build new transmission and distribution infrastructures is difficult to obtain. In this scenario Demand Response can play an important role, and become a resource that could help network operators. The present deployment of demand response measures is small, but this situation however may change in the short term. The two main Spanish utilities and the transmission network operator are designing research projects in this field. All customer segments are targeted, and the research will lead to pilot installations and tests.

11

AfricaAdapt | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AfricaAdapt AfricaAdapt Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Africa Adapt Name Africa Adapt Agency/Company /Organization AfricaAdapt Resource Type Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.africa-adapt.net/AA UN Region Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa References AfricaAdapt[1] Abstract AfricaAdapt is an independent bilingual network (French/English) focused exclusively on Africa. The Network's aim is to facilitate the flow of climate change adaptation knowledge for sustainable livelihoods between researchers, policy makers, civil society organisations and communities who are vulnerable to climate variability and change across the continent. Africa Adapt Screenshot "AfricaAdapt is an independent bilingual network (French/English) focused

12

Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

icon Twitter icon Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and Management Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Africa's Transport Infrastructure...

13

South Africa-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) South Africa-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: South Africa-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Name South Africa-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Partner Australia, Denmark, EC, Germany, Japan, Netherlands, Norway Spain, Switzerland, UK, and US Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Baseline projection, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs

14

Africa | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa Africa Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. Source U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Date Released July 31st, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Africa direct normal irradiance DNI GEF GHI GIS global horizontal irradiance latitutde tilt irradiance NASA NREL solar SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile and Images (zip, 19.3 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 3.4 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review

15

Country Energy Profile, South Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This country energy profile provides energy and economic information about South Africa. Areas covered include: Economics, demographics, and environment; Energy situation; Energy structure; Energy investment opportunities; Department of Energy (DOE) programs in South Africa; and a listing of International aid to South Africa.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

USAID West Africa Climate Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

West Africa Climate Program West Africa Climate Program Jump to: navigation, search Name USAID West Africa Climate Program Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Forestry, Agriculture Topics Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Ghana, Togo, Benin, Senegal, Niger, Nigeria, Mali, Liberia, Gambia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Sierra Leone, Mauritania, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Cameroon, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Chad, Sao Tome and Principe, Cape Verde Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Middle Africa, Middle Africa, Middle Africa, Middle Africa, Middle Africa, Western Africa

17

A residential energy demand system for Spain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sharp price fluctuations and increasing environmental and distributional concerns, among other issues, have led to a renewed academic interest in energy demand. In this paper we estimate, for the first time in Spain, an ...

Labandeira Villot, Xavier

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

DOE Solar Decathlon: 2009 Team Spain  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

members of Team Spain standing together before their house. All but one wears a black t-shirt and white hard hat. The enthusiastic Universidad Politcnica de Madrid team wanted to...

19

Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions from Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Africa Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions from Africa Graph graphic Graphics Data graphic Data What countries constitute Africa? Map of Africa Trends Africa's fossil-fuel CO2 emissions are...

20

Africa - CCS capacity building | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa - CCS capacity building Africa - CCS capacity building Jump to: navigation, search Name Africa - CCS capacity building Agency/Company /Organization Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands Partner EECG Consultants, the University of Maputo, the Desert Research Foundation Namibia and the South Africa New Energy Research Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Conventional Energy Resource Type Training materials Website http://www.ccs-africa.org/ Program Start 2010 Program End 2011 Country Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia UN Region "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa 1995-2004 spain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

ecosystem in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. The principal mechanisms that connect carbon fluxes with water relations in savanna ecosystems were studied by using eddy covariance method in a savanna ecosystem at Kruger National Park, South Africa. Since the annual drought and rewetting cycle is a major factor influencing the function of savanna ecosystems, this work focused on the close inter-connection between water relations and carbon fluxes. Data from a nine-month measuring campaign lasting from the early wet season to the late dry season were used. Total ecosystem respiration showed highest values at the onset of the growing season, a slightly lower plateau during the main part of the growing season and a continuous decrease during the transition towards the dry season. The regulation of canopy conductance was changed in two ways: changes due to phenology during the course of the

W. L. Kutsch; N. Hanan; B. Scholes; I. Mchugh; W. Kubheka; H. Eckhardt; C. Williams

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

BBSLA - South Africa (031910) English (Global Version ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BBSLA - South Africa (031910) English (Global Version 031010) 1 BLACKBERRY SOLUTION LICENSE AGREEMENT PLEASE READ THIS ...

23

Renewable Energies and Photovoltaics Spain S L REPS | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energies and Photovoltaics Spain S L REPS Energies and Photovoltaics Spain S L REPS Jump to: navigation, search Name Renewable Energies and Photovoltaics Spain S.L. (REPS) Place Spain Sector Solar Product Spanish solar project developer. The firm is a subsidiary of Norwegian energy company Statkraft. References Renewable Energies and Photovoltaics Spain S.L. (REPS)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Renewable Energies and Photovoltaics Spain S.L. (REPS) is a company located in Spain . References ↑ "Renewable Energies and Photovoltaics Spain S.L. (REPS)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Renewable_Energies_and_Photovoltaics_Spain_S_L_REPS&oldid=350310"

24

Mesoscale Convective Complexes in Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Digitized full-disk infrared satellite imagery from the European geostationary satellite (Meteosat) for 1986 and 1987 was used to construct a climatology of mesoscale convective complexes (MCCs) in Africa One hundred ninety-five systems formed ...

Arlene G. Laing; J. Michael Fritsch

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Africa: Private Power's Next Frontier?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There might seem to be ample economic gloom and doom to support the old notion that much of Africa is a 'basket case' with no real hope of escaping from its sub-economic cellblock. But such a view may be misguided as we witness the creation of many of the building blocks for real, sustainable economic progress in much of Africa, including programs for serious expansions in electricity infrastructure. (author)

Lock, Reinier

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

26

Spain: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Spain: Energy Resources Spain: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40,"lon":-4,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

27

Africa Data Dissemination Service | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa Data Dissemination Service Africa Data Dissemination Service Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Africa Data Dissemination Service Agency/Company /Organization: United States Geological Survey, U.S. Agency for International Development Sector: Land Resource Type: Dataset, Maps, Software/modeling tools Website: igskmncnwb015.cr.usgs.gov/adds/ UN Region: "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

28

IFC-Lighting Africa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IFC-Lighting Africa IFC-Lighting Africa Jump to: navigation, search Logo: IFC-Lighting Africa Name IFC-Lighting Africa Agency/Company /Organization International Finance Corporation (IFC) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Website http://www.lightingafrica.org/ References IFC-Lighting Africa[1] "Lighting Africa, a joint IFC and World Bank program, is helping develop commercial off-grid lighting markets in Sub-Saharan Africa as part of the World Bank Group's wider efforts to improve access to energy. Lighting Africa is mobilizing the private sector to build sustainable markets to provide safe, affordable, and modern off-grid lighting to 2.5 million people in Africa by 2012 and to 250 million people by 2030."

29

Cameron, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Spain (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Spain (Million Cubic Feet) Cameron, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Spain (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 2,911 - No Data...

30

Sabine Pass, LA Exports to Spain Liquefied Natural Gas (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Spain Liquefied Natural Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Sabine Pass, LA Exports to Spain Liquefied Natural Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec...

31

Senior DOE Officials in Spain to Participate in World Petroleum...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Senior DOE Officials in Spain to Participate in World Petroleum Congress, July 1, 2008 Senior DOE Officials in Spain to Participate in World Petroleum Congress, July 1, 2008 Senior...

32

The Electricity Industry In Spain Edward Kahn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

import of natural gas from Algeria. The 1994 electricity reform legislation mandated the creation, and the peculiar situation of nuclear power. In the future, natural gas will increase its role in Spain Energia (MIE), Protocolo de Intenciones para el Uso del Gas Natural en la Generacion de Energia Electrica

California at Berkeley. University of

33

Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and Management Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and Management Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Complexity/Ease of Use: Not Available Website: www.infrastructureafrica.org/system/files/Africa%27s%20Transport%20Inf Transport Toolkit Region(s): Africa & Middle East Related Tools The BEST Experiences with Bioethanol Buses The Sourcebook on Sustainable Urban Transport Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center ... further results Find Another Tool FIND TRANSPORTATION TOOLS Transport infrastructure is a key requirement for economic growth. In Africa today, networks are sparse, conditions poor, transit slow and

34

NPP Grassland: Towoomba, South Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Towoomba, South Africa, 1949-1990 Towoomba, South Africa, 1949-1990 [PHOTOGRAPH] Photograph: General view of study site at Towoomba (click on the photo to view a larger image from this site). Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Scholes, R. J. 1998. NPP Grassland: Towoomba, South Africa, 1949-1990. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Productivity of an artificially-established grass savanna was monitored at the Towoomba study site, under a long-term experiment to test the long-term effect of fertilizer application. Peak above-ground biomass was monitored for each treatment, from 1950 to the present. The Towoomba agricultural research station (24.90 S 28.35 E) is situated

35

NPP Grassland: Nylsvley, South Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nylsvley, South Africa, 1974-1989 Nylsvley, South Africa, 1974-1989 [PHOTOGRAPH] Photograph: Fine-leaved savanna at Nylsvley (click on the photo to view a series of images from this site). Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Scholes, R. J. 1997. NPP Grassland: Nylsvley, South Africa, 1974-1989. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Productivity of a broad-leaved savanna, which includes a substantial grass component (i.e. 60-70% of cover), was monitored from 1974 to the present at the Nylsvley study site, under the South African Savanna Biome Programme. The Nylsvley study site (24.65 S 28.70 E) is situated 200 km north of Johannesburg, near the town of Nylstroom. The 800 hectare savanna research

36

The AfricaSouth America Intercontinental Teleconnection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of heating over Africa on the South American precipitation climatology, and the influence of South America on Africa, is examined through the application of GCM simulations with idealized boundary conditions and perpetual solstice (...

K. H. Cook; J-S. Hsieh; S. M. Hagos

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Barcelona, Spain: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Barcelona, Spain: Energy Resources Barcelona, Spain: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 3128760 Coordinates 41.38879°, 2.15899° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.38879,"lon":2.15899,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

38

Spain Installed Wind Capacity Website | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Spain Installed Wind Capacity Website Spain Installed Wind Capacity Website Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Spain Installed Wind Capacity Website Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Market Analysis Website: www.gwec.net/index.php?id=131 Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/spain-installed-wind-capacity-website Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Feed-in Tariffs This website presents an overview of total installed wind energy capacity in Spain per year from 2000 to 2010. The page also presents the main market developments from 2010; a policy summary; a discussion of the revision in feed-in tariffs in 2010; and a future market outlook. References Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Spain_Installed_Wind_Capacity_Website&oldid=514562"

39

Africa gaining importance in world LPG trade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Major LPG projects planned or under way in Africa will increase the importance of that region`s presence in world LPG trade. Supplies will nearly double between 1995 and 2005, at which time they will remain steady for at least 10 years. At the same time that exports are leveling, however, increasing domestic demand for PG is likely to reduce export-market participation by Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, and Libya. The growth of Africa`s participation in world LPG supply is reflected in comparisons for the next 15--20 years. Total world supply of LPG in 1995 was about 165 million metric tons (tonnes), of which Africans share was 7.8 million tonnes. By 2000, world supply will grow to slightly more than 200 million tonnes, with Africa`s share expected to increase to 13.2 million tonnes (6.6%). And by 2005, world LPG supply will reach nearly 230 million tonnes; Africa`s overall supply volumes by that year will be nearly 16.2 million tonnes (7%). World LPG supply for export in 1995 was on order of 44 million tonnes with Africa supply about 4 million tonnes (9%). By 2005, world export volumes of LPG will reach nearly 70 million tonnes; Africa`s share will have grown by nearly 10 million tonnes (14.3%).

Haun, R.R. [Purvin and Gertz Inc., Dallas, TX (United States); Otto, K.W.; Whitley, S.C. [Purvin and Gertz Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1997-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

40

Spain - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Country Analysis Note. Spain is the fifth largest energy consumer in Europe and has virtually no domestic production of liquid fuels or natural gas.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa 1995-2004 spain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Spain - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Government regulation limits the percent of total oil and gas imports any single country may sell to Spain to ensure diversity of supply.

42

IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article examines the long-term consequences of the introduction of the printing press in the 19th century on newspaper readership and other civic attitudes in sub-Saharan Africa. In sub-Saharan Africa, Protestant missionaries were the first both to import the printing press technology and to allow the indigenous population to use it. We build a new geocoded dataset locating Protestant missions in 1903. This dataset includes, for each mission station, the geographic location and its characteristics, as well as the educational and health related investments undertaken by the mission. We show that proximity to a historical missionary settlement endowed with a printing press significantly increases newspaper readership today within regions located close to historical mission settlements. We also find a positive impact on political participation at the community level. Results are robust to a variety of identification strategies that attempt to address the potential

Julia Cag; Valeria Rueda; Julia Cag

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

AMF Deployment, Niamey, Niger, West Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

West Africa West Africa Niamey Deployment AMF Home Niamey Home Data Plots and Baseline Instruments RADAGAST Website Rainfall Record (PDF) Publications List, (PDF) Experiment Planning RADAGAST Proposal Outreach Fact Sheets RADAGAST (PDF) Annual Climate Cycle in Niger, Africa (PDF) Posters AMF Poster, French Version We're Going to Sample the Sky in Africa! News Campaign Images AMMA International News AMF Deployment, Niamey, Niger, West Africa In 2006, the ARM Mobile Facility is collecting cloud and atmospheric property measurements from a location near the airport in Niamey, Niger, West Africa. Main Site: 13° 28' 39.15" N, 2° 10' 27.62" E Altitude: 205 meters Ancillary Site: 13° 31' 19.14" N, 2° 37' 56.46" E Altitude: 228.29 meters In January 2006, the second deployment of the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF)

44

LOG-IN Africa local governance and ICTs research network for Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

LOG-IN Africa is an emergent pan-African network of researchers and research institutions from nine countries (Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Senegal, South Africa, and Uganda). It will assess the current state and outcomes of ...

Gianluca Misuraca

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

The Seasonal Evolution of the Atmospheric Circulation over West Africa and Equatorial Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the mean annual cycle of rainfall and general circulation features over West Africa and central Africa for 195897. Rainfall is examined using a 1400-station archive compiled by the first author. Other circulation features are ...

Sharon E. Nicholson; Jeremy P. Grist

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

UNRegion Western Africa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Understanding and Application of Climate Data and Information + AfricaAdapt + African Biofuel & Renewable Energy Fund (ABREF) + Agriculture Rural Energy Enterprise Development...

47

South Africa Overview - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Regulation South Africa has numerous government agencies and companies involved in the coal, natural gas, and oil industry, but the National Energy Regulator of South ...

48

Energy Efficiency Measurement & Verification in South Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contacts Media Contacts Energy Efficiency Measurement & Verification in South Africa Speaker(s): Xiaohua Xia Date: December 17, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar...

49

IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel By Clare Byrne Visitors to Madagascar, Senegal to South Africa, biofuels is the buzzword as African countries wake up to the possibility of using their vast spaces to grow crops that reduce their fossil fuel bill. Biofuels also carry

50

Brazil in Africa: Africa in Brazil Tuesday 31 May 10am -6pm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Brazil in Africa: Africa in Brazil Tuesday 31 May 10am - 6pm Lucia Windsor Room, Newnham College (Witwatersrand) Abject Bodies: virginity testing in South Africa and Brazil Discussant: Megan Vaughan (Cambridge. . . Brazil? Discussant: David Lehmann (Cambridge) 13.00 Lunch 14.15 Chair: Anthony Pereira (Brazil Institute

Travis, Adrian

51

Association of Renewable Energy Producers Spain | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Producers Spain Producers Spain Jump to: navigation, search Name Association of Renewable Energy Producers (Spain) Place Barcelona, Spain Zip 8008 Sector Renewable Energy Product Spain's Association of renewable energy producers Coordinates 41.385589°, 2.168745° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.385589,"lon":2.168745,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

52

South Africa-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) South Africa-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Agency/Company /Organization African Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Inter-American Development Bank, World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Geothermal, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country South Africa Southern Africa References Middle East and North Africa Regional Program (Algeria, Egypt, Jorban, Morroco, Tunisia)-Clean Technology Fund (CTF)[1] South Africa-CTF Investment Plan[2] South Africa-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Screenshot

53

Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1990 image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNL...

54

South Africa-NREL Energy Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Topics Background analysis Website http:www1.eere.energy.govso Country South Africa Southern Africa References http:...

55

South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction...

56

South Africa - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

What is shale gas and ... OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet; World Oil ... South Africa has the second largest crude oil refinery system in Africa and imports the ...

57

title Energy Efficiency Country Study Republic Of South Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Africa year month institution Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory keywords appliance energy efficiency attachments http eetd lbl gov sites all files south africa country study...

58

Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa Title Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number 6365E Year of...

59

Madrid, Spain: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Madrid, Spain: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 3117735 Coordinates 40.4165°, -3.70256° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.4165,"lon":-3.70256,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

60

West Coast (PADD 5) Imports from Spain of Gasoline Blending ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

West Coast (PADD 5) Imports from Spain of Gasoline Blending Components (Thousand Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9;

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa 1995-2004 spain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Spain  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Rio Bravo, TX Roma, TX Total to Portugal Sabine Pass, LA Total to Russia Total to South Korea Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total to Spain Cameron, LA Sabine Pass, LA Total to...

62

U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Spain  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

TX Roma, TX Total to Portugal Sabine Pass, LA Total to Russia Kenai, AK Total to South Korea Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total to Spain Cameron, LA Sabine Pass, LA Total to...

63

The Energy in Western Europe, Spain and Germany: From Renewable...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Energy in Western Europe, Spain and Germany: From Renewable Energies to Energy-Saving Programs Speaker(s): Jose MaCampos Date: November 29, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122...

64

Transmission grid access and pricing in Norway, Spain, and California: A comparative study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to competition in electricity trade. The Norwegian Energytrade starting January 1991. In Spain, the Electricity Law

Gronli, Helle; Gomez San Ramon, Tomas; Marnay, Chris

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa Agency/Company /Organization: IEEE Sector: Energy Focus Area: Grid Assessment and Integration Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Technical report Website: ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=1709540 UN Region: Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa Language: English References: Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa[1] "With the population of 13.4% of the world and a land area of 15%, Africa has only 2% of the world's industrial capacity. Its per capita income is only 15% of the world average and only consumes 3% of world energy. Many

66

Event:18th Africa Partnership Forum | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa Partnership Forum Africa Partnership Forum Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png 18th Africa Partnership Forum: on 2012/04/25 The theme of the 18th APF meeting is "Energy for Africa" and sessions will focus on the global energy outlook and the implications for Africa; Energy for all: the challenge in Africa ; Low carbon and climate resilient energy : the opportunities in Africa; Africa's energy priorities in the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA), and the MDB Infrastructure Action Plan Event Details Name 18th Africa Partnership Forum Date 2012/04/25 Location Paris, France Organizer African Partnership Forum Tags LEDS, CLEAN, Training Website Event Website Retri LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. eved from

67

South Africa-UNDP Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNDP Activities UNDP Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-UNDP Activities Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis Country South Africa Southern Africa References UNDP Climate Change Project Map[1] UNDP Projects in South Africa Pilot Production and Commercial Dissemination of Solar Cookers in South Africa (PIMS 1124 CC MSP RE) Reducing Disaster Risks from Wildfire Hazards Associated with Climate Change in South Africa Reducing vulnerability of the Western Cape Province (South Africa) to wildfire hazards associate with climate change Solar Water Heaters (SWH) for Urban Housing in South Africa (PIMS 856 CC MSP RE) South Africa National Capacity Self Assessment (PIMS 3115 EA NCSA) South Africa Wind Energy Programme (SAWEP) (PIMS 1637 CC RE)

68

Comparison of the Evolution of Energy Intensity in Spain and in the EU15. Why is Spain Different?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy intensity in Spain has increased since 1990, while the opposite has happened in the EU15. Decomposition analysis of primary energy intensity ratios has been used to identify which are the key sectors driving the ...

Ocaa, Carlos

69

Africa-European Union Energy Partnership | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa-European Union Energy Partnership Africa-European Union Energy Partnership Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Africa-European Union Energy Partnership Name Africa-European Union Energy Partnership Agency/Company /Organization Government of Germany, Government of Austria, African Union Commission, Government of Mauritius Sector Energy Website http://www.aeep-conference.org UN Region "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Western & Eastern Europe" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

70

Sub-Saharan Africa-KITE Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Saharan Africa-KITE Activities Saharan Africa-KITE Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Sub-Saharan Africa-KITE Activities Agency/Company /Organization Kumasi Institute of Technology and Environment Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Conventional Energy, Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Finance, Co-benefits assessment, Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://kiteonline.net/index.ph UN Region "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

71

Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Access, Understanding and Application of Climate Data and Information Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Access, Understanding and Application of Climate Data and Information Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector: Climate, Energy Topics: Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Dataset, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.undp.org/environment/library.shtml Cost: Free UN Region: Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa Language: English Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Access, Understanding and Application of Climate Data and Information Screenshot

72

South Africa-GTZ Clean Energy Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-GTZ Clean Energy Project South Africa-GTZ Clean Energy Project Jump to: navigation, search Logo: South Africa-GTZ Clean Energy Project Name South Africa-GTZ Clean Energy Project Agency/Company /Organization GTZ Partner Central Energy Fund (CEF), University of Johannesburg, Paraffin Safety Association of Southern Africa (PASASA) Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Website http://www.gtz.de/en/weltweit/ Program Start 2008 Program End 2010 Country South Africa UN Region Southern Africa References Clean Energy for South Africa[1] GTZ is working with South Africa on this project with the following objective: "The programme aims to reducing CO2-emissions through the commercialisation of energy efficient and renewable energy products to

73

Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector Reforms in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector Reforms in Africa Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa Sector: Energy Topics: Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity Resource Type: Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.uneca.org/eca_programmes/nrid/pubs/powersectorreport.pdf UN Region: Eastern Africa References: Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector Reforms in Africa[1] Overview "This study assesses the socio-economic and environmental impacts of power

74

Africa-Economic Development Report 2010 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa-Economic Development Report 2010 Africa-Economic Development Report 2010 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Africa-Economic Development Report 2010 Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Foundation Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Industry, Forestry, Agriculture Topics: Finance, Implementation, Baseline projection, Market analysis, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset, Publications Website: www.unctad.org/en/docs/aldcafrica2010_en.pdf UN Region: "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

75

Creating an Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: for Food Security and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Creating an Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: for Food Security and Creating an Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: for Food Security and Environmental Resilience Jump to: navigation, search Name Creating an Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: for Food Security and Environmental Resilience Agency/Company /Organization World Agroforestry Centre Partner Program on Forests Sector Land Focus Area Forestry, Agriculture Topics Co-benefits assessment, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.profor.info/profor/ Country Niger, Malawi, Zambia UN Region "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

76

Forestry-based Carbon Sequestration Projects in Africa: Potential benefits  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forestry-based Carbon Sequestration Projects in Africa: Potential benefits Forestry-based Carbon Sequestration Projects in Africa: Potential benefits and challenges Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Forestry-based Carbon Sequestration Projects in Africa: Potential benefits and challenges Agency/Company /Organization: Natural Resources Forum Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Implementation, GHG inventory, Resource assessment Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learned/best practices, Case studies/examples Website: www.worldagroforestry.org/downloads/publications/PDFs/JA08145.PDF UN Region: "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

77

Welcome to the Third World Network-Africa (TWN-Africa) Blog  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

relative to the experience of other Search the Webnmlkji this sitenmlkj User Profile Read More in Africa report on Trade LIbe... 11/18/2008 #12;Home | TWN-Africa Blog | Terms & Conditions | Administrator: * char left.4000 re-generate Enter the text shown in the image on the left: * Remember Me?gfedc * fields

78

Successful Energy Policy Interventions in Africa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Successful Energy Policy Interventions in Africa Successful Energy Policy Interventions in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Successful Energy Policy Interventions in Africa Agency/Company /Organization: GTZ Partner: Energy, Environment and Development Network for Africa Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs Website: www.gtz.de/de/dokumente/en-successful-policy-interventions-2007.pdf References: Successful Energy Policy Interventions in Africa[1] "The objective of this study was to document selected successful energy interventions and initiatives in Africa for possible replication and at the same time identify factors and frame- work conditions that lead to success of the selected initiatives." References

79

BeyWatch (Smart Grid Project) (Spain) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

BeyWatch (Smart Grid Project) (Spain) BeyWatch (Smart Grid Project) (Spain) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name BeyWatch Country Spain Coordinates 40.65564°, -4.075928° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.65564,"lon":-4.075928,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

80

HiperDNO (Smart Grid Project) (Spain) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Spain) (Spain) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name HiperDNO Country Spain Coordinates 40.563896°, -3.735352° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.563896,"lon":-3.735352,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa 1995-2004 spain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Africa Forum for Clean Energy Financing (AFRICEF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forum for Clean Energy Financing (AFRICEF) Forum for Clean Energy Financing (AFRICEF) Jump to: navigation, search Name Africa Forum for Clean Energy Financing (AFRICEF) Agency/Company /Organization Climate Technology Initiative Partner CTI Private Financing Advisory Network Sector Energy, Land Topics Finance, Implementation Website http://www.cti-pfan.net/events UN Region "Western Asia & North Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

82

Tropical Africa: Total Forest Biomass (By Country)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tropical Africa: Total Forest Biomass (By Country) Tropical Africa: Total Forest Biomass (By Country) image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNL/CDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. More Maps Calculated Actual Aboveground Live Biomass in Forests (1980) Maximum Potential Biomass Density Land Use (1980) Area of Closed Forests (By Country) Mean Biomass of Closed Forests (By County) Area of Open Forests (By Country) Mean Biomass of Open Forests (By County) Percent Forest Cover (By Country) Population Density - 1990 (By Administrative Unit) Population Density - 1980 (By Administrative Unit) Population Density - 1970 (By Administrative Unit)

83

Oil and Natural Gas in Sub-Saharan Africa  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oil and Natural Gas in Sub-Saharan Africa Oil and Natural Gas in Sub-Saharan Africa August 1, 2013 2 Sub-Saharan Africa Source: U.S. Department of State Liquid Fuels Reserves and Production in Sub-Saharan Africa 3 4 Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) produced nearly 6 million bbl/d of liquid fuels in 2012, which was about 7% of total world oil production. Overview Sub-Saharan Africa contains 62.6 billion barrels of proved crude oil reserves. The Middle East has 13 times that amount and Central and South America has 5 times that amount. Middle East 30% North America 20% Eurasia 15% Sub-Saharan Africa 7% North Africa 5% Asia & Oceania 10% Central & South America 9% Europe 4% Global Liquid Fuels Production, 2012 Source: EIA, International Energy Statistics 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 Middle East Central & South America

84

Composite Intraseasonal Oscillations of Convection over Southern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intraseasonal rainfall variability over the summer rainfall region of South Africa is studied. Spectral analysis of an areas precipitation minus evaporation index and a co-located outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) index over central South Africa ...

Kevin M. Levey; Mark R. Jury

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

South Africa-IAEA Energy Planning | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon South Africa-IAEA Energy Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-IAEA Cooperation...

86

South Africa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa: Energy Resources South Africa: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-30,"lon":26,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

87

Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Programme, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa Sector: Energy Topics: Market analysis, Policiesdeployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, -...

88

Chinese Petroleum Corporations' International Oil Trade in Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we focus on the international oil trade of Chinese petroleum corporations' in Africa. Initially, we are trying to understand the current oil reserves in Africa. Then the reasons and the situation of Chinese petroleum companies' international ... Keywords: Chinese Petroleum Corporations, Oil Business in Africa, Global Energy Situation, Global Energy Situation

Zhang Long

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Scientometric research in South Africa and successful policy instruments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document provides an analysis of scientometric research in South Africa and it discusses sources of growth in the country's research literature in general. South Africa is identified to have limited expertise in the field revealed mainly during ... Keywords: Impact on research, Incentives, Scientometrics, South Africa

Anastassios Pouris

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

CHINA-AFRICA RELATIONS GOVERNANCE, PEACE AND SECURITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHINA-AFRICA RELATIONS GOVERNANCE, PEACE AND SECURITY Editors Mulugeta Gebrehiwot Berhe and Liu Hongwu #12;CHINA-AFRICA RELATIONS GOVERNANCE, PEACE AND SECURITY Editors Mulugeta Gebrehiwot Berhe of China China's Evolving Policy towards Peace and Security in Africa: Constructing a new paradigm

Recanati, Catherine

91

RESILIENCE IN HOME-BASED CAREGIVERS IN LIMPOPO, SOUTH AFRICA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I 188 RESILIENCE IN HOME-BASED CAREGIVERS IN LIMPOPO, SOUTH AFRICA Theresa M. Mieh, McNair Scholar and Human Development The Pennsylvania State University ABSTRACT This study examines resilience in home-based-giving. Keywords: HIV/AIDS; resilience; home-based careers; SOUTH AFRICA, PEN-3 INTRODUCTION Sub-Saharan Africa has

Omiecinski, Curtis

92

Satisfaction of individual mobile phone users in Spain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Consumer satisfaction is a key determinant of consumer retention, consumer welfare, and is also a strategic variable for competition and international comparisons. Spain's mobile customer satisfaction is the lowest in the European Union. The focus of ... Keywords: Consumer satisfaction, Econometric models, Mobile phones, Residential consumers, Survey data

Covadonga Gijn, Teresa Garn-Muoz, Teodosio Prez-Amaral, Rafael Lpez-Zorzano

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Projected Changes in Mean and Extreme Precipitation in Africa under Global Warming. Part II: East Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Probable changes in mean and extreme precipitation in East Africa are estimated from general circulation models (GCMs) prepared for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fourth Assessment Report (AR4). Bayesian statistics are used to ...

Mxolisi E. Shongwe; Geert Jan van Oldenborgh; Bart van den Hurk; Maarten van Aalst

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Projected Changes in Mean and Extreme Precipitation in Africa under Global Warming. Part I: Southern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates likely changes in mean and extreme precipitation over southern Africa in response to changes in radiative forcing using an ensemble of global climate models prepared for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) ...

M. E. Shongwe; G. J. van Oldenborgh; B. J. J. M. van den Hurk; B. de Boer; C. A. S. Coelho; M. K. van Aalst

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

South Africa-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in South Africa-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy Countries (URBAN-LEDS) Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy Countries (URBAN-LEDS) Agency/Company /Organization ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability, European Commission, UN Habitat Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Buildings, Buildings - Commercial, Buildings - Residential, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.iclei.org/fileadmin Program Start 2012 Program End 2015 Country South Africa Southern Africa

96

South Africa-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation South Africa-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: South Africa-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Name South Africa-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Denmark Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.unep.org/climatecha Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country South Africa UN Region Central America References Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)[1]

97

South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-ESMAP Low Carbon Growth Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Transportation Topics GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Publications, Case studies/examples Website http://www.esmap.org/ Country South Africa Southern Africa References World Bank, ESMAP - Low Carbon Growth Country Studies - Getting Started[1] Overview "To facilitate the implementation of the Long-Term Mitigation Scenario developed by the Government of South Africa in 2006, the South Africa study focuses on building capacity for energy efficiency and demand-side

98

South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme Sector Energy Focus Area Buildings Topics Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Pathways analysis, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.unep.org/sbci/pdfs/ Country South Africa UN Region Southern Africa References South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings[1] South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings Screenshot "This report aims to provide: a summary quantification of the influence of buildings on climate

99

Integrated Southern Africa Business Advisory INSABA | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Integrated Southern Africa Business Advisory INSABA Integrated Southern Africa Business Advisory INSABA Jump to: navigation, search Name Integrated Southern Africa Business Advisory (INSABA) Place Berlin, Germany Zip 10785 Sector Renewable Energy Product Berlin-based, high profile business advisory network for renewable energy. References Integrated Southern Africa Business Advisory (INSABA)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Integrated Southern Africa Business Advisory (INSABA) is a company located in Berlin, Germany . References ↑ "Integrated Southern Africa Business Advisory (INSABA)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Integrated_Southern_Africa_Business_Advisory_INSABA&oldid=347010

100

Carbon Capture and Storage in Southern Africa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Southern Africa Southern Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Carbon Capture and Storage in Southern Africa: An assessment of the rationale, possibilities and capacity needs to enable CO2 capture and storage in Botswana, Mozambique and Namibia Agency/Company /Organization Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands Topics Background analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type Publications Website http://www.ecn.nl/docs/library Country Mozambique, Namibia, Botswana Eastern Africa, Southern Africa, Southern Africa References CCS in Southern Africa[1] Abstract "In April 2010, a series of workshops on CO2 capture and storage were held in Botswana, Mozambique and Namibia, attended by a total of about 100 participants. The objectives of the workshops were to provide a thorough

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa 1995-2004 spain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Spain) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Spain Spain Coordinates 40.522152°, -4.163818° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.522152,"lon":-4.163818,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

102

Carbon reduction emissions in South Africa  

SciTech Connect

This project is a feasibility study for a control system for existing backup generators in South Africa. The strategy is to install a system to enable backup generators (BGs) to be dispatched only when a large generator fails. Using BGs to provide ''ten minute reserve'' will save energy and reduce emissions of greenhouse gases by an estimated nearly 500,000 tons of carbon dioxide per year.

Temchin, Jerome

2002-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

103

South Africa-World Bank Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Activities Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-World Bank Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Country South Africa Southern Africa References World Bank Climate Project Database - South Africa[1] Contents 1 Active World Bank Climate Projects in South Africa 1.1 South African Cities EE and RE program 1.2 RE Market Transformation - Global Env. Project 1.3 ESKOM Power Investment Support Project 1.4 Durban Landfill Gas-to-Electricity Project, Carbon Offset 2 References Active World Bank Climate Projects in South Africa South African Cities EE and RE program (.4M - Active) RE Market Transformation - Global Env. Project (6M - Active) ESKOM Power Investment Support Project - IBRD/IDA (3750M -

104

Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Economic Commission for Africa Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications Website: www.uneca.org/eca_resources/publications/unea-publication-tocsd15.pdf References: Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa[1] Overview "Over the last four decades, the gap between energy supply and demand in Africa has been growing. Projections by experts in the field forecast that

105

South Africa-REEEP EERE Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-REEEP EERE Activities South Africa-REEEP EERE Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-REEEP EERE Activities Agency/Company /Organization Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Country South Africa Southern Africa References REEEP project database[1] REEEP EERE Activities in South Africa Commercialisation of Large scale Solar Water Heating Systems - To establish a facility for Solar Water Heating (SWH) to scale-up current activities in large scale SWH-applications Developing a Vehicle for SWH Mass Implementation in SA - Assisting at least three cities in developing vehicles for the mass rollout of solar water heaters. Integrated Rural Energy Utility (IREU) Roadmap Facilitate the

106

Mobile Climate Monitoring Facility to Sample Skies in Africa | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mobile Climate Monitoring Facility to Sample Skies in Africa Mobile Climate Monitoring Facility to Sample Skies in Africa Mobile Climate Monitoring Facility to Sample Skies in Africa January 18, 2006 - 10:47am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. -- The U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is placing a new, portable atmospheric laboratory with sophisticated instruments and data systems in Niger, Africa, to gain a better understanding of the potential impacts of Saharan dust on global climate. Dust from Africa's Sahara desert-the largest source of dust on the planet-reaches halfway around the globe. Carried by winds and clouds, the dust travels through West African, Mediterranean, and European skies, and across the Atlantic into North America. Unfortunately, Africa is one of the most under-sampled climate regimes in the world, leaving scientists to

107

Developing Energy Enterprises Programme in Africa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Enterprises Programme in Africa Energy Enterprises Programme in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Developing Energy Enterprises Programme in Africa Agency/Company /Organization Global Village Energy Partnership (GVEP) Sector Energy Topics Market analysis, Background analysis Website http://www.gvepinternational.o Program Start 2008 Program End 2013 Country Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania Eastern Africa, Eastern Africa, Eastern Africa References GVEP Regional Activities [1] "GVEP International set up the Developing Energy Enterprises Programme (DEEP) in 2008. Spanning five years, the programme aims to provide modern energy services and products to 1.8 million people in rural and peri-urban Areas in the East African countries of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania." References ↑ "GVEP Regional Activities"

108

South Africa - Climate Change Risks and Opportunities for the Economy |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Risks and Opportunities for the Economy Risks and Opportunities for the Economy Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa - Climate Change Risks and Opportunities for the Economy Agency/Company /Organization Camco Sector Energy, Climate Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Economic Development Topics Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.climateriskandoppor Country South Africa UN Region Southern Africa References South Africa - Climate Change[1] South Africa - Climate Change Risks and Opportunities for the Economy Screenshot "The analysis contained in this report is focused on providing a framework and overview for evaluating the economic implications of climate change for South Africa. A further objective of the report is to act as a precursor

109

Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program Agency/Company /Organization: ENERGIA: International Network on Gender and Sustainability Energy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Biomass Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.energia.org/fileadmin/files/media/pubs/Guide%20on%20gender%20mains Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program Screenshot References: Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program[1] Overview "The Africa Biogas Partnership Programme (ABPP) is a six country initiative

110

South Africa-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative South Africa-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative Jump to: navigation, search Logo: South Africa-WRI Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Project Name South Africa-WRI Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Project Agency/Company /Organization World Resources Institute (WRI) Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -NAMA Resource Type Case studies/examples, Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices, Training materials, Workshop Website http://www.wri.org/mapt Program Start 2011 Country South Africa Southern Africa References Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Project[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Resources 3 Partners 4 References Overview Developing countries are increasingly undertaking mitigation efforts in

111

South Africa-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory South Africa-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: South Africa-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Name South Africa-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Agency/Company /Organization Climate Technology Initiative (CTI), United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Partner International Centre for Environmental Technology Transfer Sector Energy Focus Area Agriculture, Biomass, - Biofuels, - Landfill Gas, - Waste to Energy, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

112

Creating an Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: for Food Security...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in Africa to channel carbon offset payments from developed countries to stimulate more carbon sequestration in African farming systems. As the African nations develop their...

113

Forestry-based Carbon Sequestration Projects in Africa: Potential...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forestry-based Carbon Sequestration Projects in Africa: Potential benefits and challenges Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Forestry-based Carbon Sequestration...

114

ESMAP-Rural Electrification Strategies/Africa Electrification...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

StrategiesAfrica Electrification Initiative (RES-AEI) AgencyCompany Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank (ESMAP) Partner World Bank,...

115

Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

This Numeric Data Package Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNLCDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information...

116

Biofuels in South Africa : factors influencing production and consumption.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Interest in the biofuels industry in South Africa is driven largely by high oil prices and a strain on energy resources and logistics. This (more)

Chambers, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

File:NREL-africa-glo.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

glo.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Africa - Annual Global Horizontal Solar Radiation (PDF) Size of this preview: 776 600 pixels. Full resolution...

118

Tropical Africa: Mean Biomass of Closed Forests By Country  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Forests By Country image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNLCDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information...

119

Tropical Africa: Mean Biomass of Open Forests By Country  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Forests By Country image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNLCDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information...

120

United States and South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home United States and South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation in Nuclear Energy Research and Development United States...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa 1995-2004 spain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

"OUT OF AFRICA: GENETICS AND HUMAN MIGRATIONS", Prof. Gyan Bhanot...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Calendar Events January 7, 2012, 9:30am Science On Saturday MBG Auditorium "OUT OF AFRICA: GENETICS AND HUMAN MIGRATIONS", Prof. Gyan Bhanot, Department of Molecular Biology,...

122

Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Access, Understanding and Application of Climate Data and Information Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary...

123

Event:LEDS GP Transportation Sector Network Training in Africa...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Calendar.png LEDS GP Transportation Sector Network Training in Africa: on 20121019 Training on transportation issues to be held with the Second Conference on Climate Change and...

124

Senior DOE Officials in Spain to Participate in World Petroleum Congress,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Senior DOE Officials in Spain to Participate in World Petroleum Senior DOE Officials in Spain to Participate in World Petroleum Congress, July 1, 2008 Senior DOE Officials in Spain to Participate in World Petroleum Congress, July 1, 2008 Senior DOE Officials in Spain to Participate in World Petroleum Congress. U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Kevin Kolevar and Acting Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy James A. Slutz are in Madrid, Spain this week to participate in the 19th World Petroleum Congress-a global forum held every three years by the World Petroleum Council to address resource potential, infrastructure, the regulatory framework and other key issues related to the future of petroleum development. Senior DOE Officials in Spain to Participate in World Petroleum Congress,

125

Southern Europe in comparative perspective: democratic transitions in Portugal, Greece, and Spain.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Greece, Spain and Portugal (GSP), with their transition to democratic politics during the 70s, placed themselves in what Samuel P. Huntington called the third wave (more)

Tsiridis, G.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Perspectives on Higher Education in Africa: Fieldnotes on Trends, Themes, Challenges and Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sector. In Higher Education in Africa: Achievements,A History of African Higher Education from Antiquity to theand Challenges of Higher Education in Africa. In Higher

Bulfin, Michael Patrick

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

South Africa-Quantifying Emission Reduction Opportunities in Emerging  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Quantifying Emission Reduction Opportunities in Emerging South Africa-Quantifying Emission Reduction Opportunities in Emerging Economies Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Quantifying Emission Reduction Opportunities in Emerging Economies Agency/Company /Organization Ecofys Sector Energy Topics Background analysis, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Pathways analysis Website http://www.ecofys.com/files/fi Program Start 2009 Country South Africa Southern Africa References G8 Climate Scorecards[1] Overview Ecofys developed emission reduction scenarios for the G5 developing countries including; business as usual, no- regret, and ambitious scenarios. They also evaluated current national climate plans. From the study: "The participation of emerging economies is one of the major items of discussion on a future international climate regime. Action

128

South Africa-Capital Markets Climate Initiative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Capital Markets Climate Initiative South Africa-Capital Markets Climate Initiative Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Capital Markets Climate Initiative Agency/Company /Organization World Economic Forum Partner UK Department of Energy and Climate Sector Climate Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Website http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/cont Country South Africa Southern Africa References CMCI[1] World Economic Forum[2] The Capital Markets Climate Initiative (CMCI) is a public-private initiative designed to support the scale up of private finance flows for low carbon technologies, solutions and infrastructure in developing economies by: Developing a common understanding amongst policy makers of why and how public sector action can help mobilise private capital and encourage

129

South Africa Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in South Africa Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing Countries and the Development of Methods and Instruments for Identifying Reduction Potential and Implementing NAMAs Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing Countries and the Development of Methods and Instruments for Identifying Reduction Potential and Implementing NAMAs Agency/Company /Organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Greenhouse Gas Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Market analysis Website http://www.giz.de/en/ Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country South Africa Southern Africa

130

South Africa HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

South Africa HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration South Africa HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > content > Four-Year Plan > South Africa HEU Removal South Africa HEU Removal Location South Africa United States 30° 33' 35.0604" S, 22° 19' 27.1884" E See map: Google Maps Printer-friendly version Printer-friendly version

131

Solar Energy for Africa SEFA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SEFA SEFA Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar Energy for Africa (SEFA) Place Kampala, Uganda Sector Solar, Wind energy Product Involved in the sales of solar and wind products, design installation and maintenance. References Solar Energy for Africa (SEFA)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Solar Energy for Africa (SEFA) is a company located in Kampala, Uganda . References ↑ "Solar Energy for Africa (SEFA)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Solar_Energy_for_Africa_SEFA&oldid=351267" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version

132

ESMAP-Rural Electrification Strategies/Africa Electrification Initiative  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Strategies/Africa Electrification Initiative Strategies/Africa Electrification Initiative (RES-AEI) Jump to: navigation, search Name ESMAP-Rural Electrification Strategies/Africa Electrification Initiative (RES-AEI) Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank (ESMAP) Partner World Bank, International Finance Corporation (IFC) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Grid Assessment and Integration Topics Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Implementation, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.esmap.org/esmap/RES Program Start 2008 References ESMAP-Rural Electrification Strategies/Africa Electrification Initiative (RES-AEI)[1] "In early 2008, ESMAP launched the Lighting Africa initiative to provide up

133

MANAGING THE NATIONAL ROAD NETWORK MAINTENANCE IN SPAIN Vctor Gmez Fras  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, then to establish a maintenance policy. Finally, the Management System calculates a maintenance plan, detailingMANAGING THE NATIONAL ROAD NETWORK MAINTENANCE IN SPAIN Víctor Gómez Frías GETINSA (Spain), vgomez technical, economic and administrative management models. The Subdirectorate of Maintenance and Operation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

134

EUDEEP (Smart Grid Project) (Spain) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EUDEEP EUDEEP Country Spain Coordinates 40.663975°, -3.658447° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.663975,"lon":-3.658447,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

135

Global Threat Reduction Initiative Africa and Middle East Project Plan 2012  

SciTech Connect

GTRI Africa and Middle East Project Plan submitted for school project to American Graduate University.

Jamison, Jeremy D.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

U.S. Exports to South Africa of Petroleum Coke (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum Coke Exports by Destination; South Africa Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination ...

137

eGY-Africa: Addressing the Digital Divide for Science in Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Adoption of information and communication technologies and access to the Internet is expanding in Africa, but because of the rapid growth elsewhere, a Digital Divide between Africa and the rest of the world exists, and the gap is growing. In many sub-Saharan African countries, education and research sector suffers some of the worst deficiencies in access to the Internet, despite progress in development of NRENs - National Research and Education (cyber) Networks. By contrast, it is widely acknowledged in policy statements from the African Union, the UN, and others that strength in this very sector provides the key to meeting and sustaining Millennium Development Goals. Developed countries with effective cyber-capabilities proclaim the benefits to rich and poor alike arising from the Information Revolution. This is but a dream for many scientists in African institutions. As the world of science becomes increasingly Internet-dependent, so they become increasingly isolated. eGY-Africa is a bottom-up initiative by African scientists and their collaborators to try to reduce this Digital Divide by a campaign of advocacy for better institutional facilities. Four approaches are being taken. The present status of Internet services, problems, and plans are being mapped via a combination of direct measurement of Internet performance (the PingER Project) and a questionnaire-based survey. Information is being gathered on policy statements and initiatives aimed at reducing the Digital Divide, which can be used for arguing the case for better Internet facilities. Groups of concerned scientists are being formed at the national, regional levels in Africa, building on existing networks as much as possible. Opinion in the international science community is being mobilized. Finally, and perhaps most important of all, eGY-Africa is seeking to engage with the many other programs, initiatives, and bodies that share the goal of reducing the Digital Divide - either as a direct policy objective, or indirectly as a means to an end, such as the development of an indigenous capability in science and technology for national development. The expectation is that informed opinion from the scientific community at the institutional, national, and international levels can be used to influence the decision makers and donors who are in a position to deliver better Internet capabilities.

Barton, C.E.; /Australian Natl. U., Canberra; Amory-Mazaudier, C.; /Lab.Phys.Plasmas, Saint Maur des Fosses; Barry, B.; /Assoc.African Univ., Accra; Chukwuma; /Olabisi Onabanjo U.; Cottrell, R.L.; /SLAC; Kalim, U.; /Pakistan Natl. U.; Mebrahtu, A.; /Mekelle U.; Petitdidier, M.; /Lab. d'Atmos., Velizy; Rabiu, B.; /Federal Tech. U., Akure; Reeves, C.; /Earthworks bv, Delft

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

138

eGY-Africa: Addressing the Digital Divide for Science in Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Adoption of information and communication technologies and access to the Internet is expanding in Africa, but because of the rapid growth elsewhere, a Digital Divide between Africa and the rest of the world exists, and the gap is growing. In many sub-Saharan African countries, education and research sector suffer some of the worst deficiencies in access to the Internet, despite progress in development of NRENs National Research and Education (cyber) Networks. By contrast, it is widely acknowledged in policy statements from the African Union, the UN, and others that strength in this very sector provides the key to meeting and sustaining Millennium Development Goals. Developed countries with effective cyber-capabilities proclaim the benefits to rich and poor alike arising from the Information Revolution. This is but a dream for many scientists in African institutions. As the world of science becomes increasingly Internet-dependent, so they become increasingly isolated. eGY-Africa is a bottom-up initiative by African scientists and their collaborators to try to reduce this Digital Divide by a campaign of advocacy for better institutional facilities. Four approaches are being taken. The present status of Internet services, problems, and plans are being mapped via a combination of direct measurement of Internet performance (the PingER Project) and a questionnaire-based survey. Information is being gathered on policy statements and initiatives aimed at reducing the Digital Divide, which can be used for arguing the case for better Internet facilities. Groups of concerned scientists are being formed at the national, regional levels in Africa, building on existing networks as much as possible. Opinion in the international science community is being mobilized. Finally, and perhaps most important of all, eGY-Africa is seeking to engage with the many other programs, initiatives, and bodies that share the goal of reducing the Digital Divide either as a direct policy objective, or indirectly as a means to an end, such as the development of an indigenous capability in science and technology for national development. The expectation is that informed opinion from the scientific community at the institutional, national, and international levels can be used to influence the decision makers and donors who are in a position to deliver better Internet capabilities.

Barton, C. E.

2010-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

139

Climate Information for Development Needs: An Action Plan for Africa | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Information for Development Needs: An Action Plan for Africa Climate Information for Development Needs: An Action Plan for Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Climate Information for Development Needs: An Action Plan for Africa Agency/Company /Organization: World Meteorological Organization, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.wmo.int/pages/prog/gcos/Publications/gcos-108.pdf UN Region: "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

140

Renewable Energy in South Africa: Issues and Prospects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Renewable Energy in South Africa: Issues and Prospects Renewable Energy in South Africa: Issues and Prospects Speaker(s): Ogunlade Davidson Date: February 1, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Lynn Price The present contribution of Renewable Energy to the total power supply through grid electricity in South Africa is negligible. However, the government driven by concerns for rural electrification, while realising their overall sustainable objectives and environmental pressures, has set a target of achieving 5% grid supply from renewable technologies by 2010. It is advocated that this target as stated in their strategy paper should be achieved through the development of micro-hydro, biomass, solar and wind systems. Existing renewable energy systems that are operating in South Africa shows that there are major challenges in achieving this target. This

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa 1995-2004 spain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

United Nations Economic Commission for Africa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name United Nations Economic Commission for Africa Address Economic Commission for Africa, P.O. Box 3001, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Place Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Year founded 1958 Phone number +251 11 551 7200 Website http://www.uneca.org/index.htm Coordinates 9.022736°, 38.746799° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":9.022736,"lon":38.746799,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

142

Energy, Environment and Development Network for Africa | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy, Environment and Development Network for Africa Energy, Environment and Development Network for Africa Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Energy, Environment and Development Network for Africa Name Energy, Environment and Development Network for Africa Address P.O. Box 30979 GPO 00100 Place Nairobi, Kenya Phone number +254-722509804 Coordinates -1.2860434°, 36.8191713° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-1.2860434,"lon":36.8191713,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

143

Event:Hydropower Africa 2012 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2012 2012 Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Hydropower Africa 2012: on 2012/09/04 "Hydropower Africa 2012 is the largest hydropower event of its kind in Africa boasting over 450 visitors from across the globe. It looks at planned projects and tender prospects for hydropower development in Africa and innovative funding solutions for projects - big and small. Refurbishment and modernisation updates of major hydropower facilities as well as operation and maintenance best practices from across the continent will be presented and discussed. Infrastructure development and African-appropriate engineering solutions to provide power to villages, rural areas and urban communities and achieving operational objectives while addressing environment and social challenges will be examined through

144

File:NREL-africa-dir.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dir.pdf dir.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Africa - Annual Direct Normal Solar Radiation (PDF) Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 5.95 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Africa - Annual Direct Normal Solar Radiation (PDF) Description Africa - Annual Direct Normal Solar Radiation (PDF) Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2005-01-11 Extent Continent Countries Africa UN Region File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:32, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:32, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (5.95 MB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

145

Energy Efficiency Measurement & Verification in South Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency Measurement & Verification in South Africa Energy Efficiency Measurement & Verification in South Africa Speaker(s): Xiaohua Xia Date: December 17, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Stephane de la Rue du Can Measurement and verification (M&V) is the process of using measurements to reliably determine actual saving created within an individual facility by an energy management program. This talk will describe the basics of M&V, and introduce how M&V is conducted in the Republic of South Africa. Topics covered include the history of M&V in South Africa, the business structure, and the Eskom-led M&V protocols and guidelines of M&V. The talk will also present how the M&V profession is governed and regulated by the national professional body, the national standard (the first in the world), and a

146

Sustainable Energy Society Southern Africa (SESSA) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa (SESSA) Africa (SESSA) Jump to: navigation, search Name Sustainable Energy Society Southern Africa (SESSA) Place South Africa Coordinates -30.559482°, 22.937506° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-30.559482,"lon":22.937506,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

147

South Africa-Danish Government Baseline Workstream | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Danish Government Baseline Workstream Danish Government Baseline Workstream Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Danish Government Baseline Workstream Agency/Company /Organization Danish Government Partner Danish Ministry for Climate, Energy, and Building; The Danish Energy Agency Sector Energy Topics Implementation, Low emission development planning Program Start 2011 Country South Africa Southern Africa References Denmark[1] Overview Progress and Outcomes Capacity building needs identified are lessons learned, challenges and gaps, including those that may be common between countries, and aspects of good practice for assumptions, methodologies and other aspects of baseline setting. References ↑ "Denmark" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=South_Africa-Danish_Government_Baseline_Workstream&oldid=699933"

148

U.S.-South Africa Energy Meeting | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U.S.-South Africa Energy Meeting U.S.-South Africa Energy Meeting U.S.-South Africa Energy Meeting December 3, 2013 - 5:35pm Addthis U.S.-South Africa Energy Meeting South African Minister of Energy Benedict Martins and U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman met December 2, 2013, in Washington, DC, for the fourth U.S.-South African Energy Dialogue, together with representatives of supporting U.S. and South African agencies. They reaffirmed the strong ongoing energy development in both nations -- including shale gas, civilian nuclear energy, renewable energy and energy efficiency --to meet our shared energy and climate goals, and the important role of private trade and investment in achieving those goals. The Minister and the Deputy Secretary agreed to: Increase collaboration on the safe and efficient development of

149

Viridis Africa 2013 - investment in cleantech | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Viridis Africa 2013 - investment in cleantech Viridis Africa 2013 - investment in cleantech Home > Groups > Clean and Renewable Energy SuzaAdam's picture Submitted by SuzaAdam(10) Member 3 March, 2013 - 10:32 On the 15th & 16th October 2013 the third Clean Technology business and investment matchmaking conference for the African continent is to be held at the Killarney Country Club, Lower Houghton South Africa. Called Viridis Africa, the event is dedicated to entrepreneurs and corporates who are seeking funding to introduce clean technology solutions and services. Principals who would present their business opportunities at this event would have the audience of numerous local and foreign investors, stratified according to their interest and investment criteria. Investors would include venture capital, private equity, project and

150

Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

80 image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNLCDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, U.S....

151

Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

60 image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNLCDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, U.S....

152

Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

70 image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNLCDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, U.S....

153

Surface Temperature Variations in East Africa and Possible Causes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface temperatures have been observed in East Africa for more than 100 yr, but heretofore have not been subject to a rigorous climate analysis. To pursue this goal monthly averages of maximum (TMax), minimum (TMin), and mean (TMean) ...

John R. Christy; William B. Norris; Richard T. McNider

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Diagnosing the 2005 Drought in Equatorial East Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Equatorial East Africa suffered severe drought during its 2005 short rains, centered on OctoberNovember. The circulation mechanisms of such precipitation anomalies are examined, using long-term upper-air and surface datasets, and based on ...

Stefan Hastenrath; Dierk Polzin; Charles Mutai

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Prediction of the Summer Rainfall over South Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study develops methods for the extended-range forecasting of summer rainfall in the eastern part of southern Africa. The predictand is an index (TVR) of the DecemberJanuaryFebruary precipitation in the Transvaal. The predictors are based ...

Stefan Hastenrath; Lawrence Greischar; Johan van Heepden

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Development FERTILIZER CONSUMPTION TRENDS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INTRODUCTION: It is well understood that intensification of smallholder agriculture is critical to future economic development in most of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). There is a widespread view, however, that smallholders use of agricultural inputs, notably

T. S. Jayne; Valerie Kelly; Eric Crawford

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

A strategy for low income housing in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is the intent of this thesis to investigate an alternative strategy for design and implementation of low cost housing in South Africa. For this purpose a site is chosen and a design strategy is formulated. The core ...

Niazmand, Seyed Safadin

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Oil and Natural Gas in Sub-Saharan Africa  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Oil and Natural Gas in Sub-Saharan Africa August 1, 2013 ... The Middle East has 13 times that amount and Central and South America has 5 times that amount.

159

Dynamics of Wet and Dry Years in West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a theoretical framework for describing interannual climatic variability over West Africa. The dynamical theory of zonally symmetrical thermally direct circulations suggests that a meridional monsoon circulation must develop ...

Elfatih A. B. Eltahir; Cuiling Gong

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Large-Scale Recirculation of Air over Southern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kinematic air parcel trajectory analysis is used to determine patterns of horizontal air transport in 2000 km 2000 km areas over southern Africa. From these, composite zonal and meridional transport fields are derived for the subcontinent to ...

P. D. Tyson; M. Garstang; R. Swap

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa 1995-2004 spain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Airstream Regions of North Africa and the Mediterranean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mean monthly surface wind streamline charts for the North Africa-Mediterranean region are extracted from a previously prepared Northern Hemisphere set. These charts define mean airstream sources and mean confluences or fronts. Composite charts ...

C. Vada LaFontaine; Reid A. Bryson; Wayne M. Wendland

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Cycles and Propagation of Deep Convection over Equatorial Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long-term statistics of organized convection are vital to improved understanding of the hydrologic cycle at various scales. Satellite observations are used to understand the timing, duration, and frequency of deep convection in equatorial Africa, ...

Arlene G. Laing; Richard E. Carbone; Vincenzo Levizzani

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Features of Westerly Waves Propagating over Southern Africa during Summer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Middle latitude westerly waves skirting the southern tip of Africa during summer were examined for consistent features. Composite, upper air rawind soundings for two independent cases were analyzed. The thermodynamic and dynamic fields were ...

Bruce Kelbe

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Intraseasonal Variability over Tropical Africa during Northern Summer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The intraseasonal variability over Africa during northern summer was analyzed, using 25 years of NCEP NCAR reanalysis and satellite data. The dominant pattern of variability was one of enhanced deep convection over the whole African monsoon ...

Adrian J. Matthews

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

South Africa-IEA Network of Expertise in Energy Technology |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon South Africa-IEA Network of Expertise in Energy Technology Jump to: navigation, search Name South...

166

Synoptic Wave Perturbations and Convective Systems over Equatorial Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spectral analysis of the outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) time series over equatorial Africa reveals large oscillations of the convection with periods of between 3 and 6 days. In March and April, when the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) ...

Hanh Nguyen; Jean-Philippe Duvel

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Eddies at the Subtropical Convergence South of Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A descriptive analysis of the occurrence and kinematics of mesoscale eddies at the subtropical convergence south of Africa is presented. Data used in this study include thermal infrared imagery from satellites since 1978 and a number of ...

J. R. E. Lutjeharms; H. R. Valentine

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Soil Moisture Feedbacks to Precipitation in Southern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of increased soil moisture on wet season (OctoberMarch) precipitation in southern Africa are investigated using the Community Climate System Model version 3 (CCSM3). In the CTRL case, soil moisture is allowed to interact dynamically ...

Benjamin I. Cook; Gordon B. Bonan; Samuel Levis

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

A Regional Model Study of Synoptic Features over West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synoptic weather features over West Africa were studied in simulations by the regional simulation model (RM) at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies. These pioneering simulations represent the beginning of an effort to adapt regional ...

Leonard M. Druyan; Matthew Fulakeza; Patrick Lonergan; Mahaman Saloum

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Event:Expanded Constituency Workshop for West Africa | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Expanded Constituency Workshop for West Africa Expanded Constituency Workshop for West Africa Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Expanded Constituency Workshop for West Africa: on 2012/09/04 The Global Environment Facility (GEF) is holding an Expanded Constituency Workshop (ECW) for West Africa, as part of the GEF Country Support Programme, including participants from Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra leone, Guinea and Togo. The workshop will bring together representatives from civil society, the GEF Secretariat and GEF Agencies, with focal points of the biodiversity, desertification, climate change, and chemicals conventions to discuss activities with global environmental benefits. Civil society organizations are invited to register at the meeting website. Runs September 4 - 6

171

South Africa Long Term Mitigation Scenarios | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa Long Term Mitigation Scenarios South Africa Long Term Mitigation Scenarios Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: South Africa Long Term Mitigation Scenarios Agency/Company /Organization: South Africa Department of Environment Affairs and Tourism Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Low emission development planning Resource Type: Case studies/examples Website: www.erc.uct.ac.za/Research/publications/07Scenario_team-LTMS_Scenarios Country: South Africa Southern Africa Coordinates: -30.559482°, 22.937506° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-30.559482,"lon":22.937506,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

172

U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Spain  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Buffalo, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Sweetgrass, MT Total to Chile Sabine Pass, LA Total to China Kenai, AK Sabine Pass, LA Total to India Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total to Japan Cameron, LA Freeport, TX Kenai, AK Port Nikiski, AK Sabine Pass, LA Total to Mexico Douglas, AZ Nogales, AZ Calexico, CA Ogilby Mesa, CA Otay Mesa, CA San Diego, CA Alamo, TX Clint, TX Del Rio, TX Eagle Pass, TX El Paso, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX Rio Bravo, TX Roma, TX Total to Portugal Sabine Pass, LA Total to Russia Kenai, AK Total to South Korea Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total to Spain Cameron, LA Sabine Pass, LA Total to United Kingdom Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Exports from Cameron, LA LNG Exports from Kenai, AK LNG Exports from Freeport, TX LNG Exports from Nogales, AZ LNG Exports from Otay Mesa, CA LNG Exports from Sabine Pass, LA LNG Exports from Sweetgrass, MT Period: Monthly Annual

173

Solid industrial wastes and their management in Asegra (Granada, Spain)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ASEGRA is an industrial area in Granada (Spain) with important waste management problems. In order to properly manage and control waste production in industry, one must know the quantity, type, and composition of industrial wastes, as well as the management practices of the companies involved. In our study, questionnaires were used to collect data regarding methods of waste management used in 170 of the 230 businesses in the area of study. The majority of these companies in ASEGRA are small or medium-size, and belong to the service sector, transport, and distribution. This was naturally a conditioning factor in both the type and management of the wastes generated. It was observed that paper and cardboard, plastic, wood, and metals were the most common types of waste, mainly generated from packaging (49% of the total volume), as well as material used in containers and for wrapping products. Serious problems were observed in the management of these wastes. In most cases they were disposed of by dumping, and very rarely did businesses resort to reuse, recycling or valorization. Smaller companies encountered greater difficulties when it came to effective waste management. The most frequent solution for the disposal of wastes in the area was dumping.

Casares, M.L. [Department of Civil Engineering, E.T.S. I.C.C.P., University of Granada (Spain), Campus Universitario de Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada (Spain); Ulierte, N. [Department of Civil Engineering, E.T.S. I.C.C.P., University of Granada (Spain), Campus Universitario de Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada (Spain); Mataran, A. [Area of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Granada (Spain), Laboratorio de Urbanistica y Ordenacion del Territorio, Campus Universitario de Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada (Spain); Ramos, A. [Department of Civil Engineering, E.T.S. I.C.C.P., University of Granada (Spain), Campus Universitario de Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada (Spain); Zamorano, M. [Department of Civil Engineering, E.T.S. I.C.C.P., University of Granada (Spain), Campus Universitario de Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada (Spain)]. E-mail: zamorano@ugr.es

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Carbon Market Opportunities for the Forestry Sector of Africa | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon Market Opportunities for the Forestry Sector of Africa Carbon Market Opportunities for the Forestry Sector of Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Carbon Market Opportunities for the Forestry Sector of Africa Agency/Company /Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Winrock International Sector: Land Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Forestry Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Presentation Website: www.winrock.org/ecosystems/files/Winrock_FAO_Carbon_opportunities_in_A UN Region: "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

175

South Africa-National Development Plan: Vision for 2030 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-National Development Plan: Vision for 2030 South Africa-National Development Plan: Vision for 2030 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: South Africa-National Development Plan: Vision for 2030 Agency/Company /Organization: Government of South Africa Sector: Climate, Energy, Land, Water Focus Area: Economic Development Topics: Background analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.npconline.co.za/medialib/downloads/home/NPC%20National%20Developme Cost: Free UN Region: Southern Africa Language: English South Africa-National Development Plan: Vision for 2030 Screenshot References: South Africa-National Development Plan[1] References ↑ "South Africa-National Development Plan" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=South_Africa-National_Development_Plan:_Vision_for_2030&oldid=391220"

176

World Bank-Low-carbon Energy Projects for Development in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Projects for Development in Sub-Saharan Africa Projects for Development in Sub-Saharan Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Low-carbon Energy Projects for Development in Sub-Saharan Africa Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Publications Website http://wbcarbonfinance.org/doc UN Region "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

177

Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa Agency/Company /Organization International Food Policy Research Institute Sector Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory Resource Type Publications Website http://www.ifpri.org/sites/def Country Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda UN Region "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

178

Event:Second Conference on Climate Change and Development in Africa | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Change and Development in Africa Change and Development in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Second Conference on Climate Change and Development in Africa: on 2012/10/19 "The Climate Change and Development in Africa (CCDA) conference will be the second of its kind as part of the Climate for Development in Africa (Clim-Dev Africa) work programme and provides a forum for dialogue and engagement with various stakeholders involved in addressing climate and development issues in Africa. The programme has been mandated at regional meetings of African Heads of State and Government, as well as by Africa's Ministers of Finance, Planning and Environment, and responds to the urgent challenge that climate change poses to the advancement of Africa's development objectives. More concretely, it seeks to address the need for

179

U.S. and Spain to Develop Solar Decathlon Europe | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Spain to Develop Solar Decathlon Europe Spain to Develop Solar Decathlon Europe U.S. and Spain to Develop Solar Decathlon Europe October 18, 2007 - 3:21pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Today U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Alexander Karsner and Spain's Undersecretary of Housing Fernando Magro Fernández signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to collaborate in the development of a Solar Decathlon Europe competition in 2010. The Solar Decathlon is a competition launched by DOE in 2002 which challenges university-led teams to build the most attractive and efficient solar-powered homes, held on the National Mall in Washington, DC. Under the MOU signed today, the DOE will assist in developing a similar event in Europe. "The twin challenges of increasing energy security and confronting climate

180

Estimate of Precipitation Enhancement Potential for the Duero Basin of Spain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Field investigations for the Precipitation Enhancement Project (PEP) were undertaken during the winter months of 19791981 in the upper Duero River Basin of Spain. The purpose of these studies was to examine what potential might exist for the ...

Gabor Vali; L. Randall Koenig; Thomas C. Yoksas

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa 1995-2004 spain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Sustainable waste management in Africa through CDM projects  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This is a compendium on GHG reductions via improved waste strategies in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This note provides a strategic framework for Local Authorities in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Assists LAs to select Zero Waste scenarios and achieve sustained GHG reduction. - Abstract: Only few Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects (traditionally focussed on landfill gas combustion) have been registered in Africa if compared to similar developing countries. The waste hierarchy adopted by many African countries clearly shows that waste recycling and composting projects are generally the most sustainable. This paper undertakes a sustainability assessment for practical waste treatment and disposal scenarios for Africa and makes recommendations for consideration. The appraisal in this paper demonstrates that mechanical biological treatment of waste becomes more financially attractive if established through the CDM process. Waste will continue to be dumped in Africa with increasing greenhouse gas emissions produced, unless industrialised countries (Annex 1) fund carbon emission reduction schemes through a replacement to the Kyoto Protocol. Such a replacement should calculate all of the direct and indirect carbon emission savings and seek to promote public-private partnerships through a concerted support of the informal sector.

Couth, R. [CRECHE, Centre for Research in Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, School of Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041 (South Africa); Trois, C., E-mail: troisc@ukzn.ac.za [CRECHE, Centre for Research in Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, School of Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041 (South Africa)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

182

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Africa: Carbon Finance Guide |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Energy Efficiency in Africa: Carbon Finance Guide and Energy Efficiency in Africa: Carbon Finance Guide Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Africa: Carbon Finance Guide Agency/Company /Organization: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Implementation Website: toolkits.reeep.org/index.php?work=detail&asset=projectOutput&id=134 References: REEEP Toolkit[1] "This Guide is an introduction to the financing of renewable energy and energy efficiency (RE/EE) projects - projects which benefit the global community by reducing greenhouse gases which are causing climate change. It is designed to help private and corporate entrepreneurs and public officials, banks and financiers, as well as donor organizations to

183

GEOGRAPHICAL DISRIBUTION OF WOODY BIOMASS CARBON IN TROPICAL AFRICA: AN  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Geographical Distribution of Woody Biomass Carbon in Tropical Africa: An Geographical Distribution of Woody Biomass Carbon in Tropical Africa: An Updated Database for 2000, NDP-055b TABLES Please cite as: Gibbs, H.K. and S. Brown. 2007. Geographical Distribution of Woody Biomass Carbon in Tropical Africa: An Updated Database for 2000, NDP-055b. Available at [http://cdiac.ornl.gov/epubs/ndp/ndp055/ndp055b.html] from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Tables 1-4 Files in this numeric data package Variable formats of af_biomass.vat Variable formats of af_carbon.vat Variable formats of glc_subset_af.vat Variable formats of land_geo.vat Variable formats of pb_geo.vat Table 1. Files in this numeric data package File No. File name File size (bytes) File description

184

Prospects for Microgrids in the Republic of South Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prospects for Microgrids in the Republic of South Africa Prospects for Microgrids in the Republic of South Africa Speaker(s): S.P. Chowdhury Sunetra Chowdhury Date: October 12, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Chris Marnay The South African utility Eskom is the main key player for the energy business in South Africa. Eskom owns the electricity networks and most of the electricity generation, transmission and distribution leading to monopolistic energy market in the country. The South African economy is quite strong in the African Continent and the energy demand has been growing very fast in the country. Most of the current energy mix is coming from coal fired thermal power stations in addition with a small fraction from nuclear as well as open cycle gas turbine and a bit of hydro power.

185

Higher Education in Sub-Saharan Africa and the Labyrinth of Dependency: Who Will Unravel the Threads?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commonwealth." In, Higher Education in Africa: Achievements,Experience With Higher Education. Athens: Ohio University1996. "'The crisis of higher education in Africa." A Journal

Byaruhanga, Frederick

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Higher Education in Sub-Saharan Africa and the Labyrinth of Dependency: Who Will Unravel the threads?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Africa." Chronicle of Higher Education, 46 (May). Chitoran,D. 1990. "Higher education and development: UNESCO's actionthe advancement of higher education and research in Africa,

Byaruhanga, Frederick

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Bayesian Rainfall Variability Analysis in West Africa along Cross Sections in SpaceTime Grid Boxes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes an approach for analyzing rainfall variability over West Africa during the 195090 period. Three grid boxes, corresponding to three selected areas over West Africa, have been constructed. For each candidate area the set of ...

Dominique Tapsoba; Mario Hach; Luc Perreault; Bernard Bobe

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Modeling the Impact of Land Surface Degradation on the Climate of Tropical North Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Degradation of the land surface has been suggested as a cause of persistent drought in tropical north Africa. A general circulation model is used to assess the impact of degradation of five regions within tropical north Africa. Idealized ...

Douglas B. Clark; Yongkang Xue; Richard J. Harding; Paul J. Valdes

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Area selection for diamonds using magnetotellurics: Examples from southern Africa Alan G. Jones a,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Witwatersrand, Jan Smuts Avenue, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa k ABB AB, HVDC, Ludvika, SE-77180, Sweden a b

Jones, Alan G.

190

How are saucer-shaped sills emplaced? Constraints from the Golden Valley Sill, South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

complexes in the Karoo Basin (South Africa)), pipes containing finegrained fluidized sand are observed vent complex, Karoo Basin, South Africa [after Svensen et al., 2006]. (c) Mud volcano Azerbaijan [after), hydrothermal vent complexes in Karoo (South Africa), pockmarks (off- shore Norway) and kimberlites (Venetia

Ferré, Eric

191

Biofuels in Africa May Help Achieve Global Goals, Experts Say | Worldwatch Institute Login | Register | Shopping Cart  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuels in Africa May Help Achieve Global Goals, Experts Say | Worldwatch Institute Login Contact Us Sign Up for e-mail updates Home » Online Features » e2 - Eye on Earth Biofuels in Africa May for developing biofuels from sugar cane and other crops. Photo by Steve McNicholas Africa can use the biofuels

192

File:NREL-africa-tilt.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

tilt.pdf tilt.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Africa - Annual Flat Plate Tilted at Latitude (PDF) Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 5.69 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Africa - Annual Flat Plate Tilted at Latitude (PDF) Description Africa - Annual Flat Plate Tilted at Latitude (PDF) Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-PV, Solar-40km Creation Date 2005-01-11 Extent Continent Countries Africa UN Region File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:34, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:34, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (5.69 MB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

193

REEEP/UNIDO Sustainable Energy Regulation and Policymaking for Africa  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

REEEP/UNIDO Sustainable Energy Regulation and Policymaking for Africa REEEP/UNIDO Sustainable Energy Regulation and Policymaking for Africa Toolkit Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Sustainable Energy Regulation and Policymaking for Africa Toolkit Agency/Company /Organization: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership Partner: United Nations Industrial Development Organization Sector: Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual, Training materials Website: africa-toolkit.reeep.org/ Coordinates: -8.783195°, 34.508523° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-8.783195,"lon":34.508523,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

194

Downloading or uploading? The information economy and Africa's current status  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While Africa is confronted with the urgency to provide its citizens with the basic requirements of life such as peace, food, education, health, shelter, safe drinking water, etc., the rest of the world and the developed nations in particular are fast ...

Alemayehu Molla

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Surface Radiative Fluxes in Sub-Sahel Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports results of observations of radiative fluxes measured in sub-Sahel Africa during a 2-yr period (199294). Shortwave radiation in the solar spectrum (0.24.0 ?m), photosynthetically active radiation (0.40.7 ?m), and longwave ...

F. Miskolczi; T. O. Aro; M. Iziomon; R. T. Pinker

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

SOLAR BULLETIN Astronomical Society of Southern Africa, Solar Section  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOLAR BULLETIN Astronomical Society of Southern Africa, Solar Section Hi Solar friends, Hi Solar friends, As the emphasis in the ASSA group is on observations in the different sections, we in the solar and international solar observations. Observations are used to calculate a monthly Southern African sunspot number

Glass, Ian S.

197

Designing with mobile digital storytelling in rural Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We reflect on activities to design a mobile application to enable rural people in South Africa's Eastern Cape to record and share their stories, which have implications for 'cross-cultural design,' and the wider use of stories in design. We based our ... Keywords: cross-cultural, dialogical approach to design, digital storytelling, ict4d, mobile devices, oral knowledge, rural

Nicola J. Bidwell; Thomas Reitmaier; Gary Marsden; Susan Hansen

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Wind-Field Coherence and Its Variations over West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The wind-field coherence over West Africa is investigated during two contrasted periods, 195363 (abnormally wet) and 1963-75 (abnormally dry) in the Sahel. Zonal and meridional components of the monthly mean wind are computed with radiosonde ...

Bernard Fontaine; Serge Janicot

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Lower-Tropospheric Cyclonic Vortices in Northern Africa in Summer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using analyses from the ECMWF (European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts) model, we compute the monthly and seasonal mean wind and relative vorticity at 1000 and 850 hPa, for the summers of 19801982 and 198587 for northern Africa (5...

A. Viltard; H. Laurent; P. Defelice

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

e-Government in Africa: Promise and practice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

e-Government has already arrived in Africa, though it is essentially an imported concept based on imported designs. There are growing numbers of e-government projects, some of which are contributing to public sector reform and delivering gains of efficiency ...

Richard Heeks

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa 1995-2004 spain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Adoption of Green IS in South Africa: an exploratory study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scarcity of research in South Africa on adoption of ICTs for environmental sustainability propelled this qualitative study in which data was collected via semi-structured interviews from seven companies listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange. While ... Keywords: environmental sustainability, green, information systems, information technology

Chris Petzer; Carolyn McGibbon; Irwin Brown

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Remote Sensing Applications for Sustainable Aquaculture in Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Remote Sensing Applications for Sustainable Aquaculture in Africa Joseph E. Quansah1 , Gilbert L of the science with respect to remote sensing applications for aquaculture, including site location, aquaculture for multi-sensor remote sensing deployment to support sustainable fish production in these environments

Jiang, Wen

203

ICT Research in Africa: Need for a Strategic Developmental Focus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper argues the need to expand the research agenda on the use of ICT in African countries to include a stronger strategic developmental focus than is evident in much of the literature to date. Four strategic dimensions are identified, where ICT ... Keywords: Africa, ICT, IS research agenda, development, policy

Mark Thompson; Geoff Walsham

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

The Energy in Western Europe, Spain and Germany: From Renewable Energies to  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Energy in Western Europe, Spain and Germany: From Renewable Energies to The Energy in Western Europe, Spain and Germany: From Renewable Energies to Energy-Saving Programs Speaker(s): Jose MaCampos Date: November 29, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Girish Ghatikar The strong increase in the price of oil, and the dependency on oil from foreign, politically unstable countries has forced the European Union to develop programs to increase the efficiency of energy, not only in the industrial sector but also in residential and transports sectors. With common policies coming from the European Union, two countries with different economical and political conditions adapt these common policies to their reality. Spain, a strong developing country within the Union, and Germany, as a developed country, are approaching the same problems in

205

Greenhouse gas emissions in Sub-Saharan Africa  

SciTech Connect

Current and future carbon emissions from land-use change and energy consumption were analyzed for Sub-Saharan Africa. The energy sector analysis was based on UN energy data tapes while the land-use analysis was based on a spatially-explicit land-use model developed specifically for this project. The impacts of different energy and land-use strategies on future carbon emissions were considered. (A review of anthropogenic emissions of methane, nitrous oxides, and chlorofluorocarbons in Sub-Saharan Africa indicated that they were probably minor in both a global and a regional context. The study therefore was focused on emissions of carbon dioxide.) The land-use model predicts carbon emissions from land use change and the amount of carbon stored in vegetation (carbon inventory) on a yearly basis between 1985 and 2001. Emissions and inventory are modeled at 9000 regularly-spaced point locations in Sub-Saharan Africa using location-specific information on vegetation type, soils, climate and deforestation. Vegetation, soils, and climate information were derived from continental-scale maps while relative deforestation rates(% of forest land lost each year) were developed from country-specific forest and deforestation statistics (FAO Tropical Forest Resources Assessment for Africa, 1980). The carbon emissions under different land use strategies in Sub-Saharan Africa were analyzed by modifying deforestation rates and altering the amount of carbon stored under different land uses. The considered strategies were: preservation of existing forests, implementation of agroforestry, and establishment of industrial tree plantations. 82 refs., 16 figs., 25 tabs.

Graham, R.L.; Perlack, R.D.; Prasad, A.M.G.; Ranney, J.W.; Waddle, D.B.

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Cost effective waste management through composting in Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The financial/social/institutional sustainability of waste management in Africa is analysed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This note is a compendium of a study on the potential for GHG control via improved zero waste in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This study provides the framework for Local Authorities for realizing sustained GHG reductions. - Abstract: Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions per person from urban waste management activities are greater in sub-Saharan African countries than in other developing countries, and are increasing as the population becomes more urbanised. Waste from urban areas across Africa is essentially dumped on the ground and there is little control over the resulting gas emissions. The clean development mechanism (CDM), from the 1997 Kyoto Protocol has been the vehicle to initiate projects to control GHG emissions in Africa. However, very few of these projects have been implemented and properly registered. A much more efficient and cost effective way to control GHG emissions from waste is to stabilise the waste via composting and to use the composted material as a soil improver/organic fertiliser or as a component of growing media. Compost can be produced by open windrow or in-vessel composting plants. This paper shows that passively aerated open windrows constitute an appropriate low-cost option for African countries. However, to provide an usable compost material it is recommended that waste is processed through a materials recovery facility (MRF) before being composted. The paper demonstrates that material and biological treatment (MBT) are viable in Africa where they are funded, e.g. CDM. However, they are unlikely to be instigated unless there is a replacement to the Kyoto Protocol, which ceases for Registration in December 2012.

Couth, R. [CRECHE, Centre for Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, Civil Engineering Programme, School of Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041 (South Africa); Trois, C., E-mail: troisc@ukzn.ac.za [CRECHE, Centre for Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, Civil Engineering Programme, School of Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041 (South Africa)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

207

Renewable energy research 1995---2009: a case study of wind power research in EU, Spain, Germany and Denmark  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper reports the developments and citation patterns over three time periods of research on Renewable Energy generation and Wind Power 1995---2011 in EU, Spain, Germany and Denmark. Analyses are based on Web of Science and incorporate journal articles ... Keywords: Citation analyses, Collaboration analyses, Denmark, EU, Germany, Publication analyses, Renewable energy research, Spain, Wind Power research

Elias Sanz-Casado; J. Carlos Garcia-Zorita; Antonio Eleazar Serrano-Lpez; Birger Larsen; Peter Ingwersen

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa  

SciTech Connect

Although the emergence of markets for high efficiency off-grid lighting technologies holds promise, realizing the potential of this opportunity on a long-term, sustainable basis requires careful attention to issues of product quality, consumer protection, and the potential for significant 'market spoiling', in anticipation of increases of sales of low cost, low performance off-grid lighting products. The goal of the Lighting Africa quality assurance workshop was to articulate strategies to mitigate the dangers of market spoiling and to explore ways to protect consumers from misleading advertising for sales of inferior, off-grid lighting products in the context of Lighting Africa's overarching objective to support the industry in developing a robust off-grid lighting market in Africa. The workshop resulted in the identification of two strategic approaches for meeting Lighting Africa quality assurance programmatic needs. The first strategy is intended to meet a short-term programmatic need for quality associated with requests for lighting products by bulk procurement agents, such as in a World Bank-financed project. The development of procurement specifications and test procedures that could be used in a quality/usability screening method in order to provide guidance for forthcoming large volume purchases emerged as the best solution to meet this need. Such approaches are used in World Bank-financed solar home systems (SHSs) projects in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and China, among others. However, unlike the SHSs which have multiple balance-of-system (BOS) components warranting the need for an array of specifications for individual components, stand alone lighting systems require specifications that are amenable to individual light points. To test this approach, Lighting Africa elected to use the technical specifications issued by the Photovoltaic Global Approval Program for solar lanterns that use CFL bulbs (PVRS11A) as the basis of qualifying such products. A contract has been competitively awarded to the Global Approval Program for Photovoltaics (PV GAP) under the Lighting Africa Program to select and test ten solar lantern product models. Lantern selection will be determined based on a number of criteria, among them, the ability to provide a daily duty cycle of at least 3 hours of light, the number of days of autonomy of battery, the volume of sales (especially in Africa), and whether or not the manufacturing facility is ISO 9000 certified. Those that are confirmed as meeting the specifications may be eligible to receive a PVGAP quality seal. The work is being carried out in partnership with the Photovoltaic and Wind Quality Test Center in Beijing, China and TUV Rhineland in Koeln, Germany. As off-grid LED-based stand-alone lighting products is in a nascent stage of development compared to CFL-based lanterns, Lighting Africa will support the development of a 'Quality Screening' approach to selecting LED lighting, in order not to delay consumers benefiting from such advances. The screening methodology could be used by procurement agencies to qualify LED lighting products for bulk or programmatic procurements. The main elements of this work comprises of developing a procurement specification and test procedure for undertaking a 'quick' quality/usability screening to be used for procuring LED lights and to test up to 30 LED-based lights to screen products that meet the requirement. The second strategy is intended to meet a longer-term need associated with creating a self-sustaining product quality assurance program that will effectively protect the African consumer, prevent significant market spoiling, adapt with expected technological advancements over the long-term--in other words, give consumers the ability to detect quality products and the information needed to find products that meet their specific needs from among the myriad of lighting products that become available commercially. Workshop discussions and the discussions evolving from the workshop led the Lighting Africa team to opt for an approach similar to that of th

World Bank; Mills, Evan; Mills, Evan

2008-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

209

New technologies as social fact: gender and digital divide in Spain in compared perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a comparative analysis of the effect that the new technologies has had on the social structure and on unequal access by gender in Southern European countries, particularly in Spain. I have used data from the Eurobarometer for the ... Keywords: education, gender, information technology, women studies

Almudena Moreno Minguez

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Proceedings: 4th EPRI International Decommissioning and Radioactive Waste Workshop, Madrid, Spain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI held its 4th International Decommissioning Workshop in collaboration with ENRESA and Union Fenosa in Madrid, Spain. This workshop focused on a wide range of decommissioning topics, including general approaches, technical developments, and project experiences. The information presented will assist individual utilities in their planning and conduct of decommissioning projects with the potential to reduce decommissioning costs.

2006-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

211

Multicomponent reactive transport modeling at the Ratones uranium mine, Cceres (Spain)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

management. The Ratones uranium mine was abandoned and flooded in 1974. Due to its reducing undergroundMulticomponent reactive transport modeling at the Ratones uranium mine, Cáceres (Spain) Modelación/06/05 / Accepted: 02/10/05 Abstract Flooding of abandoned mines may have a major impact in groundwater quality

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

212

Cape Town, South Africa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Town, South Africa: Energy Resources Town, South Africa: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 3369157 Coordinates -33.91667°, 18.41667° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-33.91667,"lon":18.41667,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

213

Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055) Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055) DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/lue.ndp055 data Data PDF PDF graphics Graphics Please note: these data have been updated for the year 2000 Contributors Sandra Brown1 Greg Gaston2 Work on this project was initiated while at the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences University of Illinois Urbana, Illinois 61801, U.S.A. 1Present address: Winrock International, Arlington, Virgina. 2Present address: Department of Geosciences, Oregon State University. Prepared by T.W. Beaty, and L.M. Olsen. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center Environmental Sciences Division OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6290 managed by UT-Battelle, LLC for the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

214

African Wind Energy Association - South Africa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Name African Wind Energy Association - South Africa Place South Africa Coordinates -30.559482°, 22.937506° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-30.559482,"lon":22.937506,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

215

Johannesburg, South Africa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa: Energy Resources South Africa: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 993800 Coordinates -26.2°, 28.08333° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-26.2,"lon":28.08333,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

216

High temperature solar thermal technology: The North Africa Market  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

High temperature solar thermal (HTST) technology offers an attractive option for both industrialized and non-industrialized countries to generate electricity and industrial process steam. The purpose of this report is to assess the potential market for solar thermal applications in the North African countries of Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia. North Africa was selected because of its outstanding solar resource base and the variety of applications to be found there. Diminishing oil and gas resources, coupled with expanding energy needs, opens a large potential market for the US industry. The US high temperature solar trough industry has little competition globally and could build a large market in these areas. The US is already familiar with certain solar markets in North Africa due to the supplying of substantial quantities of US-manufactured flat plate collectors to this region.

Not Available

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Waste management activities and carbon emissions in Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper summarizes research into waste management activities and carbon emissions from territories in sub-Saharan Africa with the main objective of quantifying emission reductions (ERs) that can be gained through viable improvements to waste management in Africa. It demonstrates that data on waste and carbon emissions is poor and generally inadequate for prediction models. The paper shows that the amount of waste produced and its composition are linked to national Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Waste production per person is around half that in developed countries with a mean around 230 kg/hd/yr. Sub-Saharan territories produce waste with a biogenic carbon content of around 56% (+/-25%), which is approximately 40% greater than developed countries. This waste is disposed in uncontrolled dumps that produce large amounts of methane gas. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from waste will rise with increasing urbanization and can only be controlled through funding mechanisms from developed countries.

Couth, R. [University of KwaZulu-Natal, CRECHE, School of Civil Engineering, Survey and Construction, Durban 4041 (South Africa); Trois, C., E-mail: troisc@ukzn.ac.za [University of KwaZulu-Natal, CRECHE, School of Civil Engineering, Survey and Construction, Durban 4041 (South Africa)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

218

Airborne measurements of carbonaceous aerosols in southern Africa during  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Airborne measurements of carbonaceous aerosols in southern Africa during Airborne measurements of carbonaceous aerosols in southern Africa during the dry, biomass burning season Title Airborne measurements of carbonaceous aerosols in southern Africa during the dry, biomass burning season Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-50880 Year of Publication 2003 Authors Kirchstetter, Thomas W., Tihomir Novakov, and Peter V. Hobbs Journal Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres Keywords black carbon, evolved gas analysis, light absorption, organic carbon, positive sampling artifact, SAFARI Abstract Particulate matter collected aboard the University of Washington's Convair-580 research aircraft over southern Africa during the dry, biomass burning season was analyzed for total carbon, organic carbon, and black carbon contents using thermal and optical methods. Samples were collected in smoke plumes of burning savanna and in regional haze. A known artifact, produced by the adsorption of organic gases on the quartz filter substrates used to collect the particulate matter samples, comprised a significant portion of the total carbon collected. Consequently, conclusions derived from the data are greatly dependent on whether or not organic carbon concentrations are corrected for this artifact. For example, the estimated aerosol co-albedo (1 - single scattering albedo), which is a measure of aerosol absorption, of the biomass smoke samples is 60% larger using corrected organic carbon concentrations. Thus, the corrected data imply that the biomass smoke is 60% more absorbing than do the uncorrected data. The black carbon to (corrected) organic carbon mass ratio (BC/OC) of smoke plume samples (0.18±0.06) is lower than that of samples collected in the regional haze (0.25±0.08). The difference may be due to mixing of biomass smoke with background air characterized by a higher BC/OC ratio. A simple source apportionment indicates that biomass smoke contributes about three-quarters of the aerosol burden in the regional haze, while other sources (e.g., fossil fuel burning) contribute the remainder.

219

S. Africa: ESKOM's Massive investment hits new snag  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ESKOM, the government-owned company that generates nearly 95 percent of the power in South Africa, has been facing serious capacity shortages for some time, forcing it to resort to mandatory rationing of major industrial users and occasional outages. A combination of rapid economic growth and chronic underinvestment in infrastructure resulted in the disappearance of a once plentiful capacity surplus. Considerable rate increases and emphasis on conservation are planned.

NONE

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

220

*Parts of this chapter are excerpted from a forthcoming CGD publication on Africas private sector. I am  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.cgdev.org/content/publications/detail/15659 a b s t r a c t Central to the issue of growth is the development of the private sector. Without the creation of jobs and businesses, there is no real chance for Africans to raise their standard of living. Extensive surveys of private sector businesses carried out over the past decade show that the poor performance of the private sector can be largely attributed to the high costs of the business environment. This essay looks at how the United States can help address two key constraints identified by these surveys: the lack of power and roads. The United States can help solve the infrastructure crisis in Africa by creating a $1 billion Clean Energy Fund for Africa to facilitate the transfer of clean technology, including renewable energy, from the United States to Africa. It should encourage the African Development Bank to focus solely on regional infrastructure projects, in return for which the United States should increase its capital contribution to the organization by 25 percent per year for each of the next four years. And it must ensure that the World Bank increases its allocation toward regional infrastructure projects in Africa, with a strong emphasis on clean technology, making this a central mission of its soft loan window. The Center for Global Development is an independent, nonprofit policy research organization that is dedicated to reducing global poverty and inequality and to making globalization work for the poor. This paper was made possible by financial support from the Australian Agency for International Development. Use and dissemination of this essay is encouraged; however, reproduced copies may not be used for commercial purposes. Further usage is permitted under the terms of the Creative Commons License. The

Vijaya Ramachandran; Vijaya Ramachandran; Grateful To Manju Kedia Shah; Robin Kraft

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

South Africa-GTZ Bus Rapid Transit Johannesburg | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa-GTZ Bus Rapid Transit Johannesburg Africa-GTZ Bus Rapid Transit Johannesburg Jump to: navigation, search Logo: South Africa-GTZ Bus Rapid Transit Johannesburg Name South Africa-GTZ Bus Rapid Transit Johannesburg Agency/Company /Organization GTZ Partner City of Johannesburg Sector Energy Focus Area Transportation Topics Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://www.gtz.de/en/themen/um Program Start 2006 Country South Africa UN Region Southern Africa References GTZ's Contribution to the Johannesburg Rea Vaya Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Project [1] Sustainable Urban Transport Project [2] Johannesburg started planning a Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system in November 2006. For the city of Johannesburg and on behalf of KfW Entwicklungsbank, GTZ is working to create a network of bus routes totalling 120 kilometres

222

Status of Power Sector Reform in Africa: Impact on the Poor | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Status of Power Sector Reform in Africa: Impact on the Poor Status of Power Sector Reform in Africa: Impact on the Poor Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Status of Power Sector Reform in Africa: Impact on the Poor Agency/Company /Organization: Stephen Karekezi and John Kimani Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, People and Policy Phase: Create a Vision Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421502000484 Cost: Free UN Region: Eastern Africa, Southern Africa Language: English This article is based on a regional study by the authors reviewing the status, challenges and prospects of ongoing and planned power sector reform in eastern and southern Africa with special emphasis on the implications

223

South Africa-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services South Africa-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Jump to: navigation, search Logo: South Africa-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Name South Africa-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), Global Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP), Green Jobs Initiative, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) Sector Climate, Energy, Land, Water Focus Area People and Policy Topics Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Country South Africa Southern Africa References UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services[1] Overview "UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services consist of policy advice, technical

224

Policy and Financing for Sustainable Land Management in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Policy and Financing for Sustainable Land Management in Sub-Saharan Africa Policy and Financing for Sustainable Land Management in Sub-Saharan Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Policy and Financing for Sustainable Land Management in Sub-Saharan Africa Agency/Company /Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry, Agriculture Topics: Finance, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.caadp.net/pdf/Policy%20and%20Financing%20for%20SLM%20in%20Sub-Saha UN Region: "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

225

Generation of Convective Storms over the Escarpment of Northeastern South Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The generation of convective storms over the escarpment of the northeastern region of South Africa is examined in terms of synoptic-, meso-, and local forcing.

Michael Garstang; Brian E. Kelbe; George D. Emmitt; Wendy B. London

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Social Work Education, Training and Employment in Africa: The case of Zimbabwe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

experiences in literacy training in Brazil. His best knownSocial Work Education, Training, and Employment in Africa:work education, training, and employment opportunities in

Chogugudza, Cris

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Prefeasibility Study for a Waste-to-EnergyApplication in Gauteng Province, South Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Waste-to-Energy concept becomes increasingly popular from the perspectives of the waste management and alternative energy. South Africa, which is a country heavily dependent on (more)

Subasinghe, Gayan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Study of a solar-assisted air conditioning system for South Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In South Africa, a significant amount of electrical energy is used for air conditioning in commercial buildings, on account of the high humidity experienced. Due (more)

Joseph, Jerusha Sarah.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Renewable energy strategies for low cost housing in South Africa : case studies from Cape Town.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation explores renewable energy strategies for low-income housing in South Africa using several case studies from the City of Cape Town and surrounding areas. (more)

Dubbeld, Catherine Elizabeth.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

POLICIES AND PUBLIC INVESTMENTS TO PROMOTE SMALLHOLDER GREEN REVOLUTIONS IN AFRICA: LESSONS FROM ASIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

achieved impressive gains in agricultural productivity and poverty reduction over the past half-century. By contrast, sustained agricultural development remains elusive in most of Africa.

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

The future impact of the current electricity crisis on Sasol South Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Towards the end of 2007, South Africa started experiencing widespread rolling electricity blackouts as the electricity demand exceeded the supply from energy giant Eskom. The (more)

Terblanche, Michelle

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Pre-paid water metering: social experiences and lessons learned from Klipheuwel pilot project, South Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis examined a pre-paid water metering pilot project which was implemented in Klipheuwel , Cape Town, South Africa in 2001. It was anticipated (more)

Kumwenda, Moses

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Touriga Naional x environment interaction in the Little Karoo region of South Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The Little Karoo region of South Africa stretches from Montagu in the west, through Barrydale on the Langeberg Mountain, towards Ladismith, Calitzdorp, Oudtshoorn (more)

Nel, Margaux

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

An investigation of solar powered absorption cooling systems for South Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Increased standards of living and indoor comfort demands have led to an increase in the demand for air-conditioning in buildings in South Africa. Conventional vapor (more)

Bvumbe, Tatenda Joseph.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Event:Hands-on Training Workshop for the Africa Region on Mitigation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assessment Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Hands-on Training Workshop for the Africa Region on Mitigation Assessment: on 20120910 The Consultative Group of Experts...

236

South Africa-Integrating Sub-national Actors into National Mitigation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

with national decision-makers in selected emerging countries (South Africa and Indonesia) and sectors (pilot v-NAMAs), and will use the experience gained to operationalise...

237

Partial Disability System and Labor Market Adjustment: The Case of Spain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although partially disabled individuals in Spain are allowed to combine the receipt of disability benefits with a job, the empirical evidence shows that employment rates for this group of individuals are very low. Therefore, in this paper we construct labor market model with search intensity and matching frictions in order to identify the incentives and disincentives to work provided by the partial disability system in Spain from the point of view of both disabled individuals and employers. According to the model, the high employment rate gap observed between nondisabled and disabled workers can be partially explained by the presence of a lower level of productivity and higher searching costs among disabled individuals that discourage them from looking for jobs. Moreover, the design of the Spanish Disability System also contributes in explaining this gap. We also analyze the role of business cycle conditions in shaping the labor market transitions of disabled individuals.

Jose I. Silva; Judit Vall-castello; Jose I. Silva; Judit Vall-castello

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Use of HyMap imaging spectrometer data to map mineralogy in the Rodalquilar caldera, southeast Spain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Rodalquilar epithermal gold alunite deposit occurs within the Rodalquilar caldera complex, in the Cabo de Gata volcanic field, a semi-arid region in southeast Spain. The epithermal mineralization is associated with an extensive east-west trending ...

E. Bedini; F. van der Meer; F. van Ruitenbeek

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Mesoscale Numerical Study of Two Cases of Long-Lived Quasi-Stationary Convective Systems over Eastern Spain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A set of mesoscale numerical simulations using the Pennsylvania State UniversityNational Center for Atmospheric Research model is used to investigate two cases of extreme precipitation over eastern Spain. Both cases (34 November 1987 and 20 ...

R. Romero; C. A. Doswell III; C. Ramis

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Macro Trends and Determinants of Fertilizer Use in Subsaharan Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is published by the Department of Agricultural Economics and the Department of Economics, Michigan State University (MSU). Funding for this research was provided by the Food Security II Cooperative Agreement (AEP-5459-A-00-2041-00) between Michigan State University and the United States Agency for International Development, through the Africa Bureau's Office of Sustainable Development, Productive Sector Growth and Environment Division, Technology Development and Transfer Unit (AFR/SD/PSGE/TDT). The authors are graduate assistant and visiting associate professor, respectively, in the Department of Agricultural Economics, Michigan State University. ii

Anwar Naseem; Valerie Kelly; Carl Liedholm; Michael T. Weber

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa 1995-2004 spain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Comments on The South Indian Convergence Zone and Interannual Rainfall Variability over Southern Africa and the Question of ENSO's Influence on Southern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observational and modeling studies have produced extensive evidence of a link between rainfall variability in southern Africa and the Pacific ENSO phenomenon, as well as a link with sea surface temperatures in the Indian and, to a lesser extent, ...

Sharon Nicholson

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

The SME boom in rural South Africa links to electricity and telephony  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-) ) The SME boom in rural South Africa links to electricity and telephony Paper to be presented in rural South Africa, with a special focus on electricity and telephone access. The micro data we analyse of the historically disadvantaged "deep rural" areas. In parallel to a doubled electricity access, we find a 14-fold

243

Renewable Energy Industry in South Africa: Opportunities for Partnership and Collaboration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Renewable Energy Industry in South Africa: Opportunities for Partnership and Collaboration Renewable Energy in South Africa September 23, 2013 11:30 a.m. ­ 12:30 p.m, Engineering East 303C@fau.edu FAU's Division of Research and Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center invite you

Fernandez, Eduardo

244

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF FOOD OF SKIPJACK AND YELLOWFIN TUNAS OFF THE COAST OF WEST AFRICA'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF FOOD OF SKIPJACK AND YELLOWFIN TUNAS OFF THE COAST OF WEST AFRICA' ALEXANDER DRAGOVICH AND THOMAS POTTHOFF" ABSTRACT Stomach contents of 711 skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelmnis) and 132 yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) captured in 1968 by live bait and trolling off the coast of West Africa

245

Ostrich 2004, 75(4): 269274 Printed in South Africa --All rights reserved  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

apply the model to Permian and Triassic communities of the Karoo Basin, South Africa, and show Keywords: mass extinction; end-Permian extinction; Karoo Basin; food webs; extinction cascades 1 Palaeozoic and Early Mesozoic of the Beaufort Group, Karoo Basin, South Africa: the Middle Permian

Martin, Thomas E.

246

Mapping theoretical and practical issues in the relationship between ICTs and Africa's socioeconomic development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationship between new information and communication technologies (ICTs) and socioeconomic development has remained largely a subject of academic debate. While some researchers believe the new technologies represent the tonic that Africa needs ... Keywords: Africa, Digital telecommunications, Email, ICTs, Internet, New technologies, Socioeconomic development

Levi Obijiofor

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

New species of Mycosphaerella occurring on Eucalyptus leaves in Indonesia and Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

781 New species of Mycosphaerella occurring on Eucalyptus leaves in Indonesia and Africa P.W. Crous and M.J. Wingfield Ahstract:Although Africa and Indonesia have not been particularly well surveyed Eucalyptus leaves from Indonesia. The former species is of particular interest, because its anamorph

248

Energy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Africa: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya Acknowledgements I have been lucky to spend the past five yearsEnergy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya By Katherine Deaton Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya Energy System Development inAfrica: The case

de Weck, Olivier L.

249

Electricity supply, irregularities, and the prospect for solar energy and energy sustainability in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are faced with the problem of expanding urban growth and demographic shift

Dan Nchelatebe Nkwetta; Mervyn Smyth; Vu Van Thong; Johan Driesen; Ronnie Belmans

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

ESMAP-South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Carbon Growth Strategy Low Carbon Growth Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-ESMAP Low Carbon Growth Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Transportation Topics GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Publications, Case studies/examples Website http://www.esmap.org/ Country South Africa Southern Africa References World Bank, ESMAP - Low Carbon Growth Country Studies - Getting Started[1] Overview "To facilitate the implementation of the Long-Term Mitigation Scenario developed by the Government of South Africa in 2006, the South Africa study focuses on building capacity for energy efficiency and demand-side

251

South Africa-Energy and Climate Change Research Program | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Energy and Climate Change Research Program South Africa-Energy and Climate Change Research Program Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa Energy and Climate Change Research Program Agency/Company /Organization France Agency of Development (AFD) Partner International Conference on Electricity Distribution CIRED Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency Topics Low emission development planning Website http://www.afd.fr/home Country South Africa Southern Africa References EU Development Days Presentation[1] The main aim of this program is to assist the country in the evaluation of short-term costs and long-term impacts associated with the implementation of public policies related to energy transition. Topics of study include: Efficient use of energy resources Maximizing impacts of investments toward renewable energy

252

CNCI-SCRM Comments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Japan, China, UK, Sweden, Germany, Korea, Malaysia, Australia, Poland, Russia, Singapore, Spain, and South Africa. ...

2012-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

253

Transmission grid access and pricing in Norway, Spain, and California: A comparative study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The openness of the transmission grid and the incentives given by transmission pricing form the foundation for retail and wholesale competition in the electricity market. The deregulated markets of Norway, Spain, and California all have introduced retail access and wholesale competition, although with different approaches to pricing of transmission grid services. This paper will briefly describe the three different solutions, and discuss some of their implications. Of the three electricity systems, Norway was the first to open the grid to competition in electricity trade. The Norwegian Energy Law of 1990 introduced open competition to wholesale and retail trade starting January 1991. In Spain, the Electricity Law of 1997 came into force early in 1998. Wholesale and retail markets in California were opened for competition on April 1, 1998, following the passage of Assembly Bill 1890, in August 1996. Introducing competition in electricity markets also implies introducing Third Party Access to the transmission grid. All potential competitors have to be given access to the grid in order to compete, no matter who owns the actual wires. This principle raises several challenges, notably, how to price transmission services. Who is to pay for which transmission services? The Norwegian grid is divided into three levels depending on its function. The transmission grid includes all parts of the national grid having a transmission function, meaning that some lower voltage levels also are included. In Spain, the definition of the transmission grid is similar, including the 400 kV and 220 kV national grid as well as lower voltage installations that could affect transmission operation or generation dispatch. For historic reasons, wholesale electricity transactions in the US are regulated by the federal government through the FERC. However, operations of utility systems within one state fall primarily under state jurisdiction. Because the utility systems in California generally are large and exchanges between them limited, the role of FERC was small prior to restructuring, although the state is a large importer of power.

Gronli, H.; Gomez San Ramon, T.; Marnay, C.

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Assessing the performance of SIA in the EIA context: A case study of South Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article, a theoretical perspective based on a literature study, is a critical evaluation of SIA as part of the EIA process in South Africa against the background of international guidelines and best practices. It includes sections on the historical background of the development of SIA in South Africa, the legal status and requirements of SIA in the country, and a critical evaluation of SIA regulation in South Africa. The conclusion reached in the article is that the persistent problems of SIA practice, experienced in other parts of the world, are also evident in South Africa. Apart from institutional, financial and professional constraints, there are also serious problems associated with approach and methods. This conclusion confirms the findings of empirical studies that SIA in South Africa is neglected, that the practice of SIA in South Africa is not yet on a sound footing, and that it does not receive the professional attention it deserves in a country beset by enormous social challenges. To conclude the article recommendations are made to improve the level of SIA practice in South Africa, and the possible significance of this national case study for international practice is indicated.

Pisani, Jacobus A. du [School of Social and Government Studies, North-West University, Potchefstroom, P.O. Box 19772, 2522 Noordbrug (South Africa)]. E-mail: gskjadp@puk.ac.za; Sandham, Luke A. [School of Environmental Sciences and Development, North-West University, Potchefstroom (South Africa)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

255

ORISE: Radiation Emergency Training for Iraq, South Africa and Morocco  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

International Training International Training REAC/TS Provides International Radiation Emergency Medical Response Training for Emergency Responders In support of the National Nuclear Security Administration's international approach to nuclear and radiological incident response, REAC/TS staff provide training to physicians, nurses and emergency responders in multiple countries each year. REAC/TS has conducted radiation emergency medical response training in Iraq, Kuwait, Morocco, Singapore, South Africa, and Thailand. "As one of the world's primary responders to nuclear and radiological accidents, it's critical that REAC/TS help prepare a variety of health care professionals for the medical management of radiation accidents," said REAC/TS Medical/Technical Director Dr. Albert Wiley. "Our medical

256

Tropical Africa: Calculated Actual Aboveground Live Biomass in Open and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Calculated Actual Aboveground Live Biomass in Open and Calculated Actual Aboveground Live Biomass in Open and Closed Forests (1980) image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNL/CDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. More Maps Land Use Maximum Potential Biomass Density Area of Closed Forests (By Country) Mean Biomass of Closed Forests (By Country) Area of Open Forests (By Country) Mean Biomass of Open Forests (By County) Percent Forest Cover (By Country) Total Forest Biomass (By Country) Population Density - 1990 (By Administrative Unit) Population Density - 1980 (By Administrative Unit) Population Density - 1970 (By Administrative Unit) Population Density - 1960 (By Administrative Unit)

257

Characteristics of Travellers from Bosnia and Herzegovina to Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction: Travellers from Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) travel to different world countries. The awareness of people is changing every day and nowadays travellers seek advices related to their travel and destination more often than before. In the previous years, travellers came to Travel Clinics almost only to get the vaccines which were obligatory for entry into a country. In B&H travel clinics are a part of public health institutes. The largest Travel Clinic which provides service for the highest number of travellers is in the Public Health Institute of Sarajevo Canton, in the city of Sarajevo, which is the capital of B&H. In the last years we have seen an increasing interest for travel to Africa because the highest number of

unknown authors

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Mobile Facility Records Annual Climate Cycle in Niger, Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facility Records Annual Facility Records Annual Climate Cycle in Niger, Africa Because dust can block incoming solar energy, and because solar energy drives weather and climate, scientists around the world are looking for ways to better understand these natural phenomena. In 2006, scientists sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility conducted a year-long field campaign in Niamey, Niger, to provide key information for the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses, or AMMA, project. During the 12-month experiment at the airport in Niamey, researchers used a portable atmospheric laboratory, airplanes, and satellites to collect information about clouds, aerosols, and solar and terrestrial energy in the skies above the site. Measurements obtained

259

Environmental impact assessment practices in the sub-Saharan Africa: cases from Kenya  

SciTech Connect

The aim for this research is to review environmental impact assessment (EIA) practices in sub-Saharan Africa, drawing upon appropriate theoretical and methodological work on EIA. This study uses a comparative evaluation method to examine the extent of environmental impact assessment (EIA) in project analysis. It uses site and services low cost housing projects from Kenya. The research has three major components: (1) review of environmental practice in Sub-Saharan Africa through literature review and case studies; (2) review of general literature on EIA as practiced by international agencies and developed countries; and (3) formulation of more suitable guidelines for EIA procedures in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Ngunjiri, P.G.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

South Africa-Integrating Sub-national Actors into National Mitigation  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » South Africa-Integrating Sub-national Actors into National Mitigation Strategies Through Vertically Integrated NAMAs (V-NAMAs) Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Integrating Sub-national Actors into National Mitigation Strategies Through Vertically Integrated NAMAs (V-NAMAs) Agency/Company /Organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA Program Start 2011 Program End 2014 Country South Africa Southern Africa References Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)[1] Program Overview Many future NAMAs will only be successful to the extent that the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa 1995-2004 spain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Validation of Improved TAMANN Neural Network for Operational Satellite-Derived Rainfall Estimation in Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real-time rainfall monitoring in Africa is of great practical importance for operational applications in hydrology and agriculture. Satellite data have been used in this context for many years because of the lack of surface observations. This ...

E. Coppola; D. I. F. Grimes; M. Verdecchia; G. Visconti

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Diagnosing the Droughts and Floods in Equatorial East Africa during Boreal Autumn 200508  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Building on an earlier report on the 2005 drought in equatorial East Africa, this short note examines the circulation mechanisms of the anomalies in the boreal autumn short rains season in the subsequent three years. Westerlies during this ...

Stefan Hastenrath; Dierk Polzin; Charles Mutai

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Recent Trends of Minimum and Maximum Surface Temperatures over Eastern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigated recent trends in the mean surface minimum and maximum air temperatures over eastern Africa by use of both graphical and statistical techniques. Daily records for 71 stations for the period 193992 were used.

S. M. Kinguyu; L. A. Ogallo; E. K. Anyamba

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Simulating SST Teleconnections to Africa: What is the State of the Art?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study provides an overview of the state of the art of modeling SST teleconnections to Africa and begins to investigate the sources of error. Data are obtained from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP) archives, phases 3 and 5 (...

David P. Rowell

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Power transmission investment analysis: a new financial Evaluation framework for South Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A proposed framework for power transmission expansion projects in South Africa incorporates the modeling of project options and uncertainties, Monte Carlo simulations, real option analysis, and decision analysis, based on a foundation of strategic analysis. (author)

Maboke, Silky Ntombifuthi; Kachienga, Michael Ogembo

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

266

Investigation of Hydrological Variability in West Africa Using Land Surface Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The availability of freshwater is a particularly important issue in Africa where large portions of the continent are arid or semiarid and climate is highly variable. Sustainable water resource management requires the assessment of hydrological ...

K. Y. Li; M. T. Coe; N. Ramankutty

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

A Numerical Model Study of an Intense Cutoff Low Pressure System over South Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Investigations of extreme rainfall events in the southern African region are limited by the paucity of the observational network. Furthermore, the lack of full radar coverage for South Africa makes quantitative precipitation estimation difficult. ...

A. T. Singleton; C. J. C. Reason

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Associations between the Global Energy Cycle and Regional Rainfall in South Africa and Southwest Australia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large-scale atmospheric processes in the Southern Hemisphere are examined on both seasonal and daily time scales in order to seek associations between these and regional rainfall variability in the summer rainfall areas of South Africa and the ...

Warren J. Tennant; Chris J. C. Reason

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

The Interannual Variability of the Onset of the Maize Growing Season over South Africa and Zimbabwe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Subsistence farmers within southern Africa have identified the onset of the maize growing season as an important seasonal characteristic, advance knowledge of which would aid preparations for the planting of rain-fed maize. Onset over South ...

M. A. Tadross; B. C. Hewitson; M. T. Usman

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

A Diagnostic Evaluation of Precipitation in CORDEX Models over Southern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors evaluate the ability of 10 regional climate models (RCMs) to simulate precipitation over Southern Africa within the Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX) framework. An ensemble of 10 regional climate simulations ...

Evangelia-Anna Kalognomou; Christopher Lennard; Mxolisi Shongwe; Izidine Pinto; Alice Favre; Michael Kent; Bruce Hewitson; Alessandro Dosio; Grigory Nikulin; Hans-Jrgen Panitz; Matthias Bchner

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Structural Characteristics of Deep Convective Systems over Tropical Africa and the Atlantic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structural properties of convective cloud clusters of tropical Africa and the Atlantic Ocean are studied using six summers of Meteosat satellite data in the atmospheric infrared window. A cluster at a given brightness temperature threshold is ...

L. A. Toledo Machado; M. Desbois; J-Ph Duvel

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

An Artificial Neural Network Approach to Multispectral Rainfall Estimation over Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multispectral Spinning Enhanced Visible and IR Interferometer (SEVIRI) data, calibrated with daily rain gauge estimates, were used to produce daily high-resolution rainfall estimates over Africa. An artificial neural network (ANN) approach was ...

Robin Chadwick; David Grimes

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Diurnal and Seasonal Cycles of Cloud Occurrences, Types, and Radiative Impact over West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study focuses on the occurrence and type of clouds observed in West Africa, a subject that has been neither much documented nor quantified. It takes advantage of data collected above Niamey, Niger, in 2006 with the Atmospheric Radiation ...

Dominique Bouniol; Fleur Couvreux; Pierre-Honor Kamsu-Tamo; Madeleine Leplay; Franoise Guichard; Florence Favot; Ewan J. OConnor

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

A Persistent TruthReflections on Drought Risk Management in Southern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Severe droughts in southern Africa are associated with livelihood impacts, a strain on local economies, and other hardships. Extensive effort has been spent in the past trying to improve responses to periods of extensive drought. There have also ...

Coleen Vogel; Ingrid Koch; Koos Van Zyl

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

The 199798 Summer Rainfall Season in Southern Africa. Part I: Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Following the onset of the strong El Nio of 199798 historical rainfall teleconnection patterns and dynamical model predictions both suggested an enhanced likelihood of drought for southern Africa, but widespread dry conditions failed to ...

Bradfield Lyon; Simon J. Mason

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Geological and thermochronological evolution of the lower crust of southern Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geochronological, thermochronological and isotopic studies of kimberlite-borne crustal xenoliths have been used to elucidate the architecture and thermal evolution of the continental lithosphere of southern Africa. U-Pb ...

Schmitz, Mark D. (Mark David), 1972-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Solar capabilities : promoting, technological learning in South Africa's photovoltaic supply industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I explore the mechanisms through which technological capabilities have been built in the market for photovoltaic (PV) module and balance of system (BOS) manufacture in South Africa. Drawing on the literature on technology ...

Wright, Janelle N., 1978-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Assessment of the Performance of CORDEX Regional Climate Models in Simulating Eastern Africa Rainfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study evaluates the ability of ten Regional Climate Models (RCMs) from the COordinated Regional climate Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX) in simulating the characteristics of rainfall patterns over Eastern Africa region. The seasonal ...

Hussen Seid Endris; Philip Omondi; Suman Jain; Christopher Lennard; Bruce Hewitson; Ladislaus Changa; J. L. Awange; Alessandro Dosio; Patrick Ketiem; Grigory Nikulin; Hans-Jrgen Panitz; Matthias Bchner; Frode Stordal; Lukiya Tazalika

279

Empirical Analysis of Intraseasonal Climate Variability over the Greater Horn of Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the intraseasonal climate variability over the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) during the rainy season of OctoberDecember (OND). The investigation is primarily based on empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis of the pentad ...

Jared H. Bowden; Fredrick H. M. Semazzi

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Statistical Recalibration of GCM Forecasts over Southern Africa Using Model Output Statistics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technique for producing regional rainfall forecasts for southern Africa is developed that statistically maps or recalibrates large-scale circulation features produced by the ECHAM3.6 general circulation model (GCM) to observed regional ...

Willem A. Landman; Lisa Goddard

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa 1995-2004 spain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Mediterraneit and modernit : architecture and culture during the period of Italian colonization of North Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation examines the intersection of the modern and the colonial in architecture and culture during the period of Italian colonization of North Africa from 1911 to 1943. Rather than see the colonies as merely a ...

McLaren, Brian L. (Brian Lloyd), 1958-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Interannual Variability in Rainfall, Water Vapor Flux, and Vertical Motion over West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines large-scale forcing mechanisms as they relate to initiation and maintenance of recent, long-term drought conditions in sub-Saharan Africa. The analysis uses 31-yr datasets of rainfall, moisture flux, and vertical motion. ...

Marybeth Long; Dara Entekhabi; Sharon E. Nicholson

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Unlocking Africa's poverty trap : holistic approach to BOP investment in agribusiness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper identifies subsistence farming as a significant opportunity for poverty reduction and economic development in sub-Saharan Africa. By taking a holistic, standardized, and bundled approach, this paper proposes an ...

Suzuki, Elli

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

The South Indian Convergence Zone and Interannual Rainfall Variability over Southern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The South Indian convergence zone (SICZ) is identified in this paper as a region of enhanced precipitation extending off the southeast coast of southern Africa during austral summer. Unlike the South Pacific convergence zone, the SICZ is a land-...

Kerry H. Cook

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Precipitation Development in Natural and Seeded Cumulus Clouds in Southern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of precipitation was studied in southern Africa in 23 clouds, 12 unseeded and 11 seeded, from 11 days during the Bethlehem Precipitation Research Project. Surface and upper air data were used to describe the environmental ...

D. R. Hudak; R. List

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Coastal-Trapped Waves off the Coast of South Africa: Generation, Propagation and Current Structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coastal sea level variations from six sites around South Africa are used to establish the characteristics of coastal-trapped wave (CTW) propagation. Substantial amplitudes (>50 cm) are found along the south coast, but further propagation on the ...

E. H. Schumann; K. H. Brink

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

The Interaction Between Deep Convection and Easterly Waves over Tropical North Africa: A Weather State Perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interaction between deep convection and easterly waves over tropical North Africa is studied using a weather state (WS) dataset from the International Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) and reanalysis products from the European Centre for ...

Ademe Mekonnen; William B. Rossow

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

On the Epochal Strengthening in the Relationship between Rainfall of East Africa and IOD  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variability of the equatorial East Africa short rains (EASR) has intensified significantly since the turn of the twentieth century. This increase toward more extreme rainfall events has not been gradual but is strongly characterized by epochs. ...

Desmond Manatsa; Swadhin K. Behera

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Monitoring Drought Conditions and Their Uncertainties in Africa Using TRMM Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main objective of this study is to evaluate the uncertainties due to sample size associated with the estimation of the standardized precipitation index (SPI) and their impact on the level of confidence in drought monitoring in Africa using ...

G. Naumann; P. Barbosa; H. Carrao; A. Singleton; J. Vogt

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Mesoscale Convective Systems over Western Equatorial Africa and Their Relationship to Large-Scale Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) over western equatorial Africa using data from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite. This region experiences some of the worlds most intense thunderstorms and highest ...

Brian Jackson; Sharon E. Nicholson; Douglas Klotter

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

The Influence of Pacific SST Variability on the Precipitation over Southern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study is an analysis of AGCM model results to understand the dynamics of the response of precipitation over southern Africa (SA) to anomalies in the sea surface temperature (SST) over the Pacific Ocean. The pattern of interannual ...

Vasubandhu Misra

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

A diagnostic evaluation of precipitation in CORDEX models over southern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We evaluate the ability of ten regional climate models (RCMs) to simulate precipitation over southern Africa within the CORDEX framework. An ensemble of ten regional climate simulations and the ensemble average is analysed to evaluate the model's ...

Evangelia-Anna Kalognomou; Christopher Lennard; Mxolisi Shongwe; Izidine Pinto; Alice Favre; Michael Kent; Bruce Hewitson; Alessandro Dosio; Grigory Nikulin; Hans-Jrgen Panitz; Matthias Bchner

293

Dry-Season Precipitation in Tropical West Africa and Its Relation to Forcing from the Extratropics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Precipitation is a major socioeconomic factor in the Guineo-Soudanian zone of tropical West Africa with its distinct summer rainy season from May to October. Albeit rare, precipitation during the dry season can have substantial impacts on the ...

Peter Knippertz; Andreas H. Fink

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

TropicalExtratropical Interactions over Southern Africa: Three Cases of Heavy Summer Season Rainfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The synoptic evolution of three tropicalextratropical (TE) interactions, each responsible for extreme rainfall events over southern Africa, is discussed in detail. Along with the consideration of previously studied events, common features of ...

N. C. G. Hart; C. J. C. Reason; N. Fauchereau

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

The Role of Mesoscale Convective Complexes in Southern Africa Summer Rainfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A combination of numerous factors, including geographic position, regional orography, and local sea surface temperatures, means that subtropical southern Africa experiences considerable spatial and temporal variability in rainfall and is prone to ...

R. C. Blamey; C. J. C. Reason

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

An Analysis of the Environments of Intense Convective Systems in West Africa in 2003  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The local- and regional-scale environments associated with intense convective systems in West Africa during 2003 were diagnosed from soundings, operational analysis, and space-based datasets. Convective system cases were identified from the ...

Stephen D. Nicholls; Karen I. Mohr

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Discrepancy between Gauges and Satellite Estimates of Rainfall in Equatorial Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) satellite estimates have approximately twice the magnitude of estimates produced from the rain gauges used by the GPCP in central equatorial Africa. Different possible explanations are ...

Jeffrey R. McCollum; Arnold Gruber; Mamoudou B. Ba

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

EU, CHINA AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGE IN AFRICA A case study from timber industry in Gabon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 EU, CHINA AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGE IN AFRICA A case study from timber industry: .....................................................................................................................................................2 Part I: The EU, China and the external environmental dimension....................................................................3 1.1 China as a competitor normative power in the environmental sector

299

Croplands in West Africa: A Geographically Explicit Dataset for Use in Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

West Africa has experienced increases in cultivated lands over the last 50 yr, as well as increasing rates of deforestation. Croplands have expanded to meet the food demands of a rapidly increasing population. Nevertheless, this region remains ...

Navin Ramankutty

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Event:Hands-on Training Workshop for the Africa Region on National...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GHG inventories Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Hands-on Training Workshop for the Africa Region on National GHG inventories: on 20120423 This hands-on training workshop...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa 1995-2004 spain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Assessment of Wind Power Potential for Two Contrasting Coastlines of South Africa Using a Numerical Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two-dimensional numerical model is used to predict near surface wind velocities, and consequently wind power, for five distinct synoptic regimes for contrasting east and west coasts of South Africa. The model results suggest that no one ...

R. D. Diab; M. Garstang

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Precipitation Climatology in an Ensemble of CORDEX-Africa Regional Climate Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An ensemble of regional climate simulations is analyzed to evaluate the ability of 10 regional climate models (RCMs) and their ensemble average to simulate precipitation over Africa. All RCMs use a similar domain and spatial resolution of ~50 km ...

Grigory Nikulin; Colin Jones; Filippo Giorgi; Ghassem Asrar; Matthias Bchner; Ruth Cerezo-Mota; Ole Bssing Christensen; Michel Dqu; Jesus Fernandez; Andreas Hnsler; Erik van Meijgaard; Patrick Samuelsson; Mouhamadou Bamba Sylla; Laxmi Sushama

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Malaria in Africa: Vector Species' Niche Models and Relative Risk Maps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shackelford, Sahotra Sarkar* Section of Integrative Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, Shackelford N, Sarkar S (2007) Malaria in Africa: Vector Species' Niche Models and Relative Risk Maps. PLo

Sarkar, Sahotra

304

A Characterization of the Variation in Relative Humidity across West Africa during the Dry Season  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The variation of relative humidity across West Africa during the dry season is evaluated using the Modern Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA) dataset and the method of self-organizing maps. Interest in the dry season ...

Mark W. Seefeldt; Thomas M. Hopson; Thomas T. Warner

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Dynamical Downscaling of Austral Summer Climate Forecasts over Southern Africa Using a Regional Coupled Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The prediction skill of dynamical downscaling is evaluated for climate forecasts over southern Africa using the Advanced Research Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. As a case study, forecasts for the DecemberFebruary (DJF) season of ...

J. V. Ratnam; S. K. Behera; S. B. Ratna; C. J. de W. Rautenbach; C. Lennard; J.-J. Luo; Y. Masumoto; K. Takahashi; T. Yamagata

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

(Re) Considering Cattle Farming in Southern Africa under a Changing Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scientists in southern Africa and elsewhere focusing on climate change and agriculture are increasingly demonstrating how livestock, as a highly climate sensitive sector, may be affected by climate change. The Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) of the ...

E. R. M. Archer van Garderen

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

The Amma Radiosonde Program and its Implications for the Future of Atmospheric Monitoring Over Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article describes the upper-air program, which has been conducted as part of the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis (AMMA). Since 2004, AMMA scientists have been working in partnership with operational agencies in Africa to ...

Douglas J. Parker; Andreas Fink; Serge Janicot; Jean-Blaise Ngamini; Michael Douglas; Ernest Afiesimama; Anna Agusti-Panareda; Anton Beljaars; Francis Dide; Arona Diedhiou; Thierry Lebel; Jan Polcher; Jean-Luc Redelsperger; Chris Thorncroft; George Ato Wilson

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

U.S. Exports to South Africa of Petroleum Coke (Thousand Barrels)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Exports to South Africa of Petroleum Coke (Thousand Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; ...

309

Minerals yearbook: Mineral industries of Africa. Volume 3. 1992 international review  

SciTech Connect

The 53 countries that constituted Africa in 1992 accounted for a significant portion of total world output of a number of mineral commodities. Among the most significant mineral commodities produced in Africa were andalusite, antimony, asbestos, bauxite, chromite, coal, cobalt, copper, diamond, fluorspar, gold, lithium minerals, manganese, phosphate, platinum-group metals, the titanium minerals-ilmenite and rutile, vanadium, vermiculite, uranium, and zircon. Chromite, cobalt, and manganese, were not mined in the Untied States.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Minerals yearbook: Mineral industries of Africa. Volume 3. 1990 international review  

SciTech Connect

The 53 countries that constituted Africa in 1990 accounted for a significant portion of total world output of a number of mineral commodities. Among the most significant to be produced in Africa were andalusite, antimony, asbestos, bauxite, chromite, coal, cobalt, copper, diamond, fluorspar, gold, lithium minerals, manganese, phosphate, platinum-group metals, the titanium minerals--ilmenite and rutile, vanadium, vermiculite, uranium, and zircon. Several of these, chromite, cobalt, diamond, and manganese, were not produced in the United States.

Not Available

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Characterization of maize testing locations in eastern and southern Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The region of eastern and southern Africa is very diverse in environments and agronomic practices. The region has one of the highest per capita consumption of maize (Zea mays. L), which is predominantly produced by smallholder farmers. Some important constraints facing these farmers include drought and low fertility. For decades, the International Center for Wheat and Maize Improvement (CIMMYT) has been involved in developing maize genotypes that have high grain yields and are tolerant to drought, low fertility and other important constraints. This germplasm is developed for wide adaptation. However, the development of superior germplasm is significantly affected by interaction between genotypes and the environment (i.e., genotype by environment interaction, GEI). To estimate and understand GEI maize genotypes are evaluated in a range of environments representing as much variability of the target growing areas as possible. Because of dwindling resources needed to conduct testing in the region, it may not be possible to test in all potential target areas. Therefore, a careful process of site selection for testing is essential to improve efficiencies in cultivar testing and deployment. The objective of this research was to characterize the maize testing locations of the eastern and southern Africa region. Historical data from CIMMYT Regional Trials from 1999 to 2003 was used to characterize the environments and estimate genetic parameters. Environmnent and GEI showed consistently high contributions to the total variation observed among genotypes for grain yield. Environment contributed over 60% and sometimes up to 85% of total variation observed. Sequential retrospective pattern analysis (Seqret) was conducted on the adjusted standardized grain yield. A total of 7 groups of environments were identified. Repeatabilites, a measure of the proportion of phenotypic variation that is due to genetic differences, was reduced under stress conditions. The relationship among traits showed that anthesis-silking interval (ASI) is an important selective trait, which can improve selection efficiency for grain yield under stress conditions. Stability analysis provided an opportunity to observe the response and adaptation of genotypes to a wide range of environments. Variety ZM621 was a stable and high yielding genotype.

Maideni, Francis W.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Electricity distribution industry restructuring, electrification, and competition in South Africa  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews the status of the South African electricity supply industry (ESI) and proposals for reorienting and restructuring it. South Africa has been intensely examining its ESI for more than 4 years in an effort to determine whether and how it should be restructured to best support the country`s new economic development and social upliftment goals. The debate has been spirited and inclusive of most ESI stakeholders. The demands on and expectations for the ESI are many and varied. The debate has reflected this diversity of interests and views. In essence, however, there is a consensus on what is expected of the industry, namely, to extend provision of adequate, reliable, and affordable electricity service to all citizens and segments of the economy. This means a large-scale electrification program to reach as many of the nearly 50% of households currently without electricity service as soon as possible, tariff reform to promote equity and efficiency, and the upgrading of service quality now being provided by some of the newly consolidated municipal authorities. The issues involved are how best to achieve these results within the context of the national Reconstruction and Development Program, while accounting for time and resource constraints and balancing the interests of the various parties.

Galen, P S

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Procedure for the classification and characterization of farms for agricultural production planning: Application in the Northwest of Spain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The agricultural activity in Galicia, NW Spain, is carried out on farms that are characterized by a diversity of land uses and production models, a variety of sizes, and considerable geographical dispersion. Any attempt of agricultural production planning ... Keywords: Agricultural production planning, Farm types, Rural development, Software applications

J. A. Riveiro; M. F. Marey; J. L. Marco; C. J. Alvarez

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Comparative reflections on the use of modelling tools in conflictive water management settings: The Mancha Occidental aquifer, Spain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Participatory methods provide an increasingly accepted path to integrated assessment. This paper reflects on the role of two participatory modelling initiatives implemented in a highly conflictive setting: the Mancha Occidental aquifer, Spain. The methodologies ... Keywords: Aquifer, Bayesian belief networks, Groundwater modelling, Integrated assessment, Mancha Occidental, Participatory modelling

P. Martnez-Santos; H. J. Henriksen; P. Zorrilla; P. E. Martnez-Alfaro

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

EVS27 International Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium 1 Barcelona, Spain, November 17-20, 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EVS27 International Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium 1 EVS27 Barcelona Vehicle Symposium & Exhibition (EVS27), Barcelona : Spain (2013)" #12;EVS27 International Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium 2 However, for embedded systems, studies look for simple signals

Recanati, Catherine

316

European Wind Energy Conference & Exhibition EWEC 2003, Madrid, Spain. Forecasting of Regional Wind Generation by a Dynamic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

European Wind Energy Conference & Exhibition EWEC 2003, Madrid, Spain. Forecasting of Regional Wind forecasting. I. INTRODUCTION HE actual large-scale integration of wind energy in several European countries enhance the position of wind energy compared to other dispatchable forms of generation. Predicting

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

317

Towards a sustainable future for Africa. Improved natural resources management under the development fund for Africa, 1987 to 1993. Technical paper  

SciTech Connect

Since 1987. A.I.D.'s Development Fund for Africa (DFA) has provided over $300 million to programs supporting environmentally sound development in Africa. The programs have focused on three priority areas -- sustainable agriculture, tropical forestry, and biodiversity -- and have been directed not, as in the past, at helping individual farmers but at promoting the systemic institutional, technical, economic, and political changes needed to support improved natural resource management. The report outlines and exemplifies experiences and successes to date under the DFA and the Africa Bureau's Plan for Supporting Natural Resources in Sub-Saharan Africa. The programs support the work of PVO's at the community level, provide technical assistance to government agencies and others involved in managing the natural resource base, support host-country initiatives in natural resource planning and management, and provide incentives for changing underlying policies such as land tenure. A major initiative has been support for the National Environmental Action Plan (NEAP) process in Madagascar, Uganda, The Gambia, and Rwanda. The report also notes work underway to support other U.S. concerns such as the protection of elephant habitats and the mitigation of global climate change.

Not Available

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Women and land : acces to and use of land and natural resources in the communal areas of rural South Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The typical face of poverty in South Africa is African, rural, and female. As the primary users of rural land, women engage in farming (more)

Ursula F. Arends

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Stratigraphic evolution and characteristics of lobes : a high-resolution study of Fan 3, Tanqua Karoo, South Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Fan 3 is one of four basin-floor fans that form part of the Tanqua Karoo Fan Complex in South Africa. It can be subdivided into (more)

Neethling, J. M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Concerns About Climate Change Mitigation Projects: Summary of Findings from Case Studies in Brazil, India, Mexico, and South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Promote Energy-Efficient Residential Lighting in Mexico.veri~ energy and carbon savings. In Mexico, the evaluationand energy, projects. Indi~ South Africa and Mexico have

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa 1995-2004 spain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Middle East, North Africa And Western Eurasia Seismic Research Database  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Research and Engineering (GNEM R&E) Program has made significant progress populating a comprehensive Seismic Research Database (SRDB) used for deriving seismic calibration parameters for the Middle East, North Africa and Western Eurasia (ME/NA/WE) regions. In addition to an overview of select individual information products, we present an overview of our visualization, integration, validation, and organizational processes. Development of these processes and the SRDB was necessitated by both the very large amount of data and information involved (over 2 terabytes) and the varied data and research result formats utilized. The SRDB allows for the collection of raw and contextual seismic data used in research, provides an interface for researchers to access data, provides a framework to store research results and integrate data sets, and supports assembly, integration and dissemination of data sets to the NNSA Knowledge Base (KB). The SRDB is a flexible and extensible framework consisting of a relational database (RDB), Geographical Information System (GIS), and associated product/data visualization and data management tools. This framework is designed to accommodate large volumes of data in diverse formats from many sources (both in-house-derived research and integrated products), in addition to maintaining detailed quality control and metadata. In order to efficiently organize information within the SRDB, it was necessary to automate procedures needed to create and update database tables, but a large effort is still required by technicians and scientists to load special data sets, review results of automated processing and resolve quality issues. The SRDB currently has 3 million ...

Jennifer Boyle Stanley; Jennifer L. O' boyle; Teresa F. Hauk; Douglas A. Dodge; Michael A. Firpo; Flori Ryall

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Infrastructure Privatization and Liberalization in Africa: The Quest for the Holy Grail  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite the perceived role of efficient infrastructure as critical element for economic growth, poverty reduction and the attainment of the millennium development goals, there is clear evidence that the provision of infrastructure in Africa has been much below standard in terms of quantity and quality. Over the past decade, there has been a change in the perception of the roles of the public and private sectors in infrastructure development. This study evaluates infrastructure reform in Africa. The findings indicate that the results of a decade of regulatory reform, implementation of the privatization and liberalization agenda, combined with the influx of private investment in infrastructure have decidedly been mixed. Although private sector participation in infrastructure services has become the new orthodoxy, these reforms have not lived up to their billing in Africa. In spite of modest achievements, especially in telecommunications, there has been a gap between popular perceptions and reality on ground. Africas atypical experience and unique socioeconomic characteristics are such that the policy preconditions that are indispensable for effective liberalization and privatization are rarely met. There is now a significant base of experience around the world from which lessons can be learned. Infrastructure privatization should be viewed as a means to an end, and not an end in itself. The goal should be a more

Palma De Mallorca; Or Coup De Grace; Afeikhena Jerome

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

United States and South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation in Nuclear  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation in South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation in Nuclear Energy Research and Development United States and South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation in Nuclear Energy Research and Development September 16, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Vienna, Austria - U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu and South African Minister of Energy Dipuo Peters signed a bilateral Agreement on Cooperation in Research and Development of Nuclear Energy on September 14 in Vienna. This Agreement will facilitate cooperation in the areas of advanced nuclear energy systems and reactor technology. The two countries will collaborate in research and development of advanced technologies for improving the cost, safety, and proliferation-resistance of nuclear power systems. The agreement will also expand efforts to promote and maintain nuclear science

324

Event:CBD Africa Regional Consultation and Capacity Building Workshop on  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CBD Africa Regional Consultation and Capacity Building Workshop on CBD Africa Regional Consultation and Capacity Building Workshop on REDD+, Including on Relevant Biodiversity Safeguards Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png CBD Africa Regional Consultation and Capacity Building Workshop on REDD+, Including on Relevant Biodiversity Safeguards: on 2011/09/19 "This workshop is being convened by the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), in collaboration with the South African National Biodiversity Institute and with financial support from Norway, the UK and the UN-REDD Programme. Its purpose is to consult effectively with parties on the development of advice on relevant safeguards for biodiversity, so that REDD+ (reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries, as well as conservation,

325

South Africa-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » South Africa-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Argentina-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Name Argentina-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Agency/Company /Organization The Children's Investment Fund Foundation, SouthSouthNorth, University of Cape Town-Energy Research Centre, Danish Government Sector Climate, Energy Topics Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Pathways analysis Website http://www.mapsprogramme.org Program Start 2010 Program End 2013 Country South Africa Southern Africa References Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 MAPS Processes and Outcomes 2.1 Chile

326

South Africa-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production South Africa-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Industry Sector Climate, Energy, Water Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Economic Development, Goods and Materials, Industry, People and Policy, Water Conservation Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, -TNA, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations

327

Poverty and Energy in Africa - A Brief Review | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Poverty and Energy in Africa - A Brief Review Poverty and Energy in Africa - A Brief Review Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Poverty and Energy in Africa - A Brief Review Agency/Company /Organization: Stephen Karekezi - African Energy Research Policy Network Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421502000472 Cost: Free Language: English The objective of this paper is to provide a summary overview of the African energy sector and briefly examine the nexus of poverty and energy in the region. The objective of this paper is to provide a summary overview of the African energy sector and briefly examine the nexus of poverty and energy in the

328

Event:Hands-on Training Workshop for the Africa Region on National GHG  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GHG GHG inventories Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Hands-on Training Workshop for the Africa Region on National GHG inventories: on 2012/04/23 This hands-on training workshop hosted by the Consultative Group of Experts of the UNFCCC is aimed at assisting non-Annex I Parties in improving the preparation of the GHG inventories section of the national communications through training on a wide range of approaches, methods and tools. Event Details Name Hands-on Training Workshop for the Africa Region on National GHG inventories Date 2012/04/23 Location Namibia Organizer UNFCCC Tags LEDS, CLEAN, Training Website Event Website Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Event:Hands-on_Training_Workshop_for_the_Africa_Region_on_National_GHG_inventories&oldid=4184

329

Carbon emissions reduction strategies in Africa from improved waste management: A review  

SciTech Connect

The paper summarises a literature review into waste management practices across Africa as part of a study to assess methods to reduce carbon emissions. Research shows that the average organic content for urban Municipal Solid Waste in Africa is around 56% and its degradation is a major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. The paper concludes that the most practical and economic way to manage waste in the majority of urban communities in Africa and therefore reduce carbon emissions is to separate waste at collection points to remove dry recyclables by door to door collection, compost the remaining biogenic carbon waste in windrows, using the maturated compost as a substitute fertilizer and dispose the remaining fossil carbon waste in controlled landfills.

Couth, R. [University of KwaZulu-Natal, CRECHE, School of Civil Engineering, Survey and Construction, Durban 4041 (South Africa); Trois, C., E-mail: troisc@ukzn.ac.z [University of KwaZulu-Natal, CRECHE, School of Civil Engineering, Survey and Construction, Durban 4041 (South Africa)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

330

A review of EIA report quality in the North West province of South Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The revised EIA regulations implemented on 3 July 2006 focused attention on the question of EIA effectiveness in South Africa. EIR quality review is one of the quality control functions contributing to EIA effectiveness within any EIA system, therefore the EIR quality review package developed by Lee and Colley was adapted and used to review the quality of a sample of 28 EIRs in the North West province of South Africa. Overall, 86% of the reports achieved satisfactory grades, with the descriptive and presentational elements of the EIRs more satisfactorily addressed, and the analytical components such as impact significance, addressed to a less satisfactory degree. EIR quality appears to be on par with international standards, but there are areas of distinct weakness. Further research is required to optimise quality review, and to reveal whether the new regulations have succeeded in addressing these weaknesses and made positive contributions to EIR quality, as a component of EIA effectiveness in South Africa.

Sandham, Luke A. [Environmental Assessment Research Group, School of Environmental Sciences and Development, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom (South Africa)], E-mail: luke.sandham@nwu.ac.za; Pretorius, Hester M. [P.O. Box 6859, Ansfrere, 1711 (South Africa)], E-mail: hpret@webmail.co.za

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

331

The role of ICTs in downscaling and up-scaling integrated weather forecasts for farmers in sub-Saharan Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite global advancements in technology and inter-trade volumes, Sub-Saharan Africa is the only Region where cases of hunger have increased since 1990. Rampant and frequent droughts are one of the major causes of this. Monumental and mostly donor-funded ... Keywords: Nganyi clan of western Kenya, indigenous knowledge weather forecasts, seasonal climate forecasts, sub-Saharan Africa, wireless sensor networks

Muthoni Masinde; Antoine Bagula; Nzioka J. Muthama

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

The 1997/98 Summer Rainfall Season in Southern Africa. Part II: Model Simulations and Coupled Model Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the second of a two-part investigation of rainfall in southern Africa during the strong El Nio of 1997/98. In Part I it was shown that widespread drought in southern Africa, typical of past El Nio events occurring between 1950 and 2000, ...

Bradfield Lyon; Simon J. Mason

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Alternative approaches for promoting fertilizer use in africa, with particular reference to the role of fertilizer subsidies. Revised draft paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Why promote fertilizer use? Revised draft 1Table of Contents 1. Introduction................................................................................................................................. 1 2. Rationale for increased use of fertilizer in Africa....................................................................... 3 2.1 Structural transformation and the role of soil fertility.......................................................... 3 2.2 Soil fertility and fertilizer use in Africa................................................................................ 4

Eric W. Crawford; T. S. Jayne; Valerie A. Kelly

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Contact metamorphic devolatilization of shales in the Karoo Basin, South Africa, and the effects of multiple sill intrusions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contact metamorphic devolatilization of shales in the Karoo Basin, South Africa, and the effects the organic-rich Ecca Group in the Karoo Basin, South Africa, which was affected by contact metamorphism from. The modelling results are constrained by data from two case studies in the Karoo Basin in order to obtain

Svensen, Henrik

335

THE DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION OF GAS TURBINES IN SOUTH AFRICA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO COAL AND NUCLEAR FUELS  

SciTech Connect

Aspects of gas turbine development with emphasis on applications in South Africa are discussed. A review of developmental work in various parts of the world on coal burning turbines is presented and local efforts on conventional combustion chambers and resonant combustion systems are outlined. The possible applications of gas turbines to nuclear reactors in South Africa are also examined. (J.R.D.)

Grant, W.L.; Roux, A.J.A.

1959-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Biofuels War: The New Scramble for Africa by Western Big Money Profiteers : EcoWorldly Explore GO Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuels War: The New Scramble for Africa by Western Big Money Profiteers : EcoWorldly About Like this post? Subscribe to our RSS feed and stay up to date. Biofuels War: The New Scramble in Africa, Ethiopia, Europe, Ghana, Global, Tanzania, United States of America Biofuels war has broken out

337

Another instance where privatization trumped liberalization: The politics of telecommunications reform in South Africa-A ten-year retrospective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soon after the first democratic election in 1994, South Africa passed legislation to revamp the telecommunications sector-to roll out telephone service to the previously disadvantaged and establish an independent regulator to oversee the reform. The ... Keywords: African National Congress, Black Economic Empowerment, Liberalization, Privatization, Regulation, South Africa, Telecommunications

Robert B. Horwitz; Willie Currie

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Environmental performance of construction waste: Comparing three scenarios from a case study in Catalonia, Spain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main objective of this paper is to evaluate environmental impacts of construction wastes in terms of the LIFE 98 ENV/E/351 project. Construction wastes are classified in accordance with the Life Program Environment Directive of the European Commission. Three different scenarios to current waste management from a case study in Catalonia (Spain) have been compared: landfilling, recycling and incineration, and these scenarios were evaluated by means of Life Cycle Assessment. The recommendations of the Catalan Waste Catalogue and the European Waste Catalogue have been taken into account. Also, the influence of transport has been evaluated. Results show that in terms of the Global Warming Potential, the most environmentally friendly treatment was recycling, followed by incineration and lastly landfilling. According to the influence of treatment plants location on the GWP indicator, we observe that incineration and recycling of construction wastes are better than landfilling, even for long distances from the building site to the plants. This is true for most wastes except for the stony types, than should be recycled close to the building site. In summary, data from construction waste of a Catalan case study was evaluated using the well established method of LCA to determine the environmental impacts.

Ortiz, O., E-mail: oscarortiz@unipamplona.edu.c [Rovira i Virgili University, Environmental Analysis and Management Group (AGA), Chemical Engineering Department, Av. Paisos Catalans 26, 43007, Tarragona (Spain); University of Pamplona, Department of Industrial Engineering, Km 1 Via Bucaramanga, Pamplona, N de S (Colombia); Pasqualino, J.C.; Castells, F. [Rovira i Virgili University, Environmental Analysis and Management Group (AGA), Chemical Engineering Department, Av. Paisos Catalans 26, 43007, Tarragona (Spain)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

339

Using a Parameterization of a Radiative Transfer Model to Build High-Resolution Maps of Typical Clear-Sky UV Index in Catalonia, Spain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To perform a climatic analysis of the annual UV index (UVI) variations in Catalonia, Spain (northeast of the Iberian Peninsula), a new simple parameterization scheme is presented based on a multilayer radiative transfer model. The ...

Jordi Badosa; Josep-Abel Gonzlez; Josep Calb; Michiel van Weele; Richard L. McKenzie

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

A new visualization approach to re-contextualize indigenous knowledge in rural Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current views of sustainable development recognize the importance of accepting the Indigenous Knowledge (IK) of rural people. However, there is an increasing technological gap between Elder IK holders and the younger generation and a persistent incompatibility ... Keywords: 3D visualization, Africa, design, indigenous knowledge, rural

Kasper Rodil; Heike Winschiers-Theophilus; Nicola J. Bidwell; Sren Eskildsen; Matthias Rehm; Gereon Koch Kapuire

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa 1995-2004 spain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

DOES ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY ENABLE THE UPTAKE OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN SOUTH AFRICA?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 DOES ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY ENABLE THE UPTAKE OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN SOUTH AFRICA? G to electricity. The socio-political benefits of the national electrification programme are documented correlation of SMMEs and electricity access in poor rural areas does sem apparent. 1. INTRODUCTION The South

342

15 Energy for development: solar home systemsin Africa and global carbon emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and DANIEL M. KAMMEN2 1Princeton University, USA,2University of California, Berkeley, USA KEYWORDS Renewables demand for PV due to those cost reductions (Duke and Kammen, 1999a).As a resultof thesedynamic effects:McKinsey & Company,FIorhamPark,NJ, USA 161 Climate ChangeandAfrica. ed. PakSumLow. Publishedby Cambridge

Kammen, Daniel M.

343

Magma flow inferred from AMS fabrics in a layered mafic sill, Insizwa, South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Basalt (CFB) province in Southern Africa. This Lower Jurassic CFB prov- ince displays exceptionally good exposures, along a several kilometer-thick section, from the top Drakens- berg Formation basalt lava flows shallow down away from the feeder. (A) Pipe feeder where magma supply originates from a single vertical

Ferré, Eric

344

Rainfall and Atmospheric Circulation during Drought Periods and Wetter Years in West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The semiarid regions of Africa experienced a number of extreme rainfall fluctuations in the present century, most notable of which are the wet 1950's and the drought 196875. Thirty-seven century-long regional rainfall departure series evidence ...

Sharon E. Nicholson

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Economic Impacts of Climate Variability in South Africa and Development of Resource Prediction Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of food and water supplies and economic growth in South Africa leads to the realization that climate variability plays a major role. Summer rainfall in the period of 198099 is closely associated (variance = 48%) with year-to-year ...

Mark R. Jury

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

A thermotectonic framework for the growth and stabilization of the eastern Kaapvaal craton, southern Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Continents are an amalgamation of crust and mantle lithosphere assembled over -4 Gyr and are therefore our best record of the early Earth. Exposures of rocks -3.0-3.7 Ga cover -20,000 km2 of eastern S. Africa and Swaziland, ...

Schoene, Robert Blair

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Height and biomass of mangroves in Africa from ICESat/GLAS and SRTM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The accurate quantification of the three-dimensional 3-D structure of mangrove forests is of great importance, particularly in Africa where deforestation rates are high and the lack of background data is a major problem. The objectives of this study ...

TemilolaE. Fatoyinbo; Marc Simard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Africa Becoming a Biofuel Battleground Western companies are pushing to acquire vast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Africa Becoming a Biofuel Battleground Western companies are pushing to acquire vast stretches of African land to meet the world's biofuel needs By Horand Knaup Western companies are pushing to acquire vast stretches of African land to meet the world's biofuel needs. Local farmers and governments

349

Monitoring peanut contamination in Mali (Africa) using AVHRR satellite data and a crop simulation model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is the main legume crop of Mali, West Africa. It can be contaminated by aflatoxin, a natural toxin that can develop because of drought conditions at pre-harvest stage or because of temperature-and humidity-related factors ...

V. K. Boken; G. Hoogenboom; J. H. Williams; B. Diarra; S. Dione; G. L. Easson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

The Diurnal and Seasonal Cycles of Wind-Borne Dust over Africa North of the Equator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents a study of the diurnal and seasonal cycles of dust over North Africa, using surface visibility as an indicator of dust. The diurnal cycle shows a reduction of visibility during the daytime hours in the areas where dust is ...

G. NTchayi Mbourou; J. J. Bertrand; S. E. Nicholson

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Rainfall Variability in West Africa during the Years 195090  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study presented here makes use of about 300 daily rain gauges covering a 1 700 000 km2 area in order to characterize the rainfall regimes of West Africa at hydrological scales. The rainfall regime is analyzed as a combination of two variables,...

Luc Le Barb; Thierry Lebel; Dominique Tapsoba

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Walking and the social life of solar charging in rural africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider practices that sustain social and physical environments beyond those dominating sustainable HCI discourse. We describe links between walking, sociality, and using resources in a case study of community-based, solar, cellphone charging in ... Keywords: Africa, Sustainability, embodiment, rural, solar, topokinesis, walking

Nicola J. Bidwell, Masbulele Siya, Gary Marsden, William D. Tucker, M. Tshemese, N. Gaven, S. Ntlangano, Simon Robinson, Kristen ALI Eglinton

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY OF REPORTS ON BIOFUELS, LAND RIGHTS IN AFRICA & GLOBAL LAND GRABBING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.pdf Bio-fuelling Poverty: Why the EU renewable-fuel target may be disastrous for poor people, Briefing1 SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY OF REPORTS ON BIOFUELS, LAND RIGHTS IN AFRICA & GLOBAL LAND GRABBING by Robin://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/012/ak582e/ak582e00.pdf Making Sustainable Biofuels work for Smallholder Farmers and Rural Households

354

Role of land surface processes in monsoon development: East Asia and West Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Role of land surface processes in monsoon development: East Asia and West Africa Yongkang Xue,1,2 H and West African monsoon development and are among the most important mechanisms governing the development of the monsoon. The results were obtained by conducting simulations for five months of 1987 using a general

Xue, Yongkang

355

Seasonal Maize Forecasting for South Africa and Zimbabwe Derived from an Agroclimatological Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seasonal maize water-stress forecasts were derived for area averages of the primary maize-growing regions of South Africa and Zimbabwe. An agroclimatological model was used to create a historical record of maize water stress as a function of ...

Randall V. Martin; Richard Washington; Thomas E. Downing

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Influence of the Agulhas Current on Summer Rainfall along the Southeast Coast of South Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Summer rainfall on the southeast coast of Africa is shown to be influenced by the proximity and temperature of the adjacent warm Agulhas Current. Student's t-test correlations between coastal rainfall and local sea surface temperature (r = +0.88),...

Mark R. Jury; Henry R. Valentine; Johann R. E. Lutjeharms

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Verification of Cloud Cover Forecast with Satellite Observation over West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 3-hourly brightness temperatures (BTs) at 10.8 ?m from the Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) satellite were used to document the cloud system variability over West Africa in the summer of 2006 and to evaluate the quality of the Mso-NH model ...

Nathalie Shne; Jean-Pierre Chaboureau; Franoise Guichard

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Sizing up information and communication technologies as agents of political development in sub-Saharan Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is widely speculated that the emergence of modern information and communication technologies (ICTs) will boost political development in the developing world. This expectation anchors on solid foundation since, presumably, the ICT revolution would ... Keywords: African development, Communication technologies, Developing countries, ICTs, Political development, Social networks, Sub-Saharan Africa

Nicholas O. Alozie; Patience Akpan-Obong; William A. Foster

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Development of infrastructure asset management software solutions for municipalities in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Record of Study presents the development of infrastructure asset management software solutions for municipalities in South Africa. The study was performed within a multidisciplinary engineering consulting company in South Africa with an interest in expanding its infrastructure asset management consultancy services in the local government market. South Africa faces a large backlog in the delivery of basic services to communities; existing infrastructure is showing signs of advanced aging; and municipalities are inadequately staffed to effectively provide services with limited funding. The company identified the opportunity to support South African municipalities with the delivery of sustainable infrastructure services through the implementation of infrastructure asset management best practice. The provision of these services required the development of infrastructure asset management software that satisfies the needs of municipalities. Infrastructure asset management practice around the world and in the context of municipalities in South Africa was reviewed to gain an understanding of the specific requirements of the asset management software solution. The software functionality was conceptualized and the technical requirements were identified to aid development. Finally, a business plan was prepared to assess the commercial viability of the software and to guide its introduction into the market.

von Holdt, Christopher James

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Evolution of biomass burning aerosol properties from an agricultural fire in southern Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evolution of biomass burning aerosol properties from an agricultural fire in southern Africa Steven Met Office C-130 within a distinct biomass burning plume during the Southern AFricAn Regional science, and P. R. Buseck, Evolution of biomass burning aerosol properties from an agricultural fire in southern

Highwood, Ellie

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa 1995-2004 spain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Satellite-Based Actual Evapotranspiration over Drying Semiarid Terrain in West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple satellite-based algorithm for estimating actual evaporation based on Makkinks equation is applied to a seasonal cycle in 2002 at three test sites in Ghana, West Africa: at a location in the humid tropical southern region and two in the ...

D. Schttemeyer; Ch Schillings; A. F. Moene; H. A. R. de Bruin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Origins of Convective Variability over Equatorial Southern Africa during Austral Summer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analysis of NOAA/NESS outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) over the greater Africa region reveals a large area of low OLR (520S, 20E40E) during three austral summers (November through February; 1982/83, 1983/84 and 1984/85). This low OLR area ...

Steven W. Lyons

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Association for the Study of Peak Oil & Gas South Africa www.aspo.org.za Peak Oil and South Africa: Impacts and Mitigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Senior Lecturer, School of Economics, University of Cape Town. This paper draws in places on two previous papers (see Wakeford, 2006a and 2006b). I would like to thank Rodger Duffet, Michael de Wit, Lisa Kane and Jacqui Wakeford for providing helpful comments on earlier drafts. Any remaining errors or omissions are my sole responsibility. Please note that this paper is a work-in-progress; this version supersedes all previous versions of the paper. ASPO-SA: Guiding South Africa through Peak Oil to a Sustainable FutureContents

Jeremy Wakeford

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

The alternative of Chinese aid in Africa : impacts of China's development strategy through Chinese aid, finance, and firms in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines the differences of Chinese and Western aid implementation and its effects in Africa though the case study of Chinese aid and finance for road development in Kenya. Today, Kenya receives tangible benefits ...

Mullin, Deborah Wei

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Convection over Tropical Africa and the Atlantic Ocean during Northern Summer. Part I: Interannual and Diurnal Variations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some aspects of the interannual and the diurnal variations of the convection over the tropical Africa and the Atlantic Ocean are derived using Meteosat data. The study is based on four summer months (June, July, August and September) of three ...

Jean Philippe Duvel

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Analysis of the relationship between spatial pattern and spectral detectability of areas burned in southern Africa using satellite data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fires in Africa affect atmospheric emissions and carbon sequestration, landscape patterns, and regional and global climatic conditions. Studies of these effects require accurate estimation of the extent of measurable fire events. The goal of this study ...

A. C. L. S; J. M. C. Pereira; R. H. Gardner

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Convective Activity over Africa and the Tropical Atlantic Inferred from 20 Years of Geostationary Meteosat Infrared Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 20-yr (19862005) time series of Meteosat Visible and Infrared Imager (MVIRI) geostationary infrared observations was used to study deep convection over Africa and the tropical Atlantic. The 20-yr time period is covered by six consecutive ...

Ralf Bennartz; Marc Schroeder

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Timing and patterns of ENSO signal in Africa over the last 30 years: insights from Normalized Difference Vegetation Index data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A more complete picture of the timing and patterns of ENSO signal during the seasonal cycle for the whole of Africa over the three last decades is provided using the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index. Indeed, NDVI has a higher spatial ...

N Philippon; N Martiny; P Camberlin; M. T Hoffman; V Gond

369

Diagnosis and Short-Lead Time Prediction of Summer Rainfall in Tropical North Africa at Interannual and Multidecadal Timescales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The summer climate of tropical North Africa exhibits strong decadal variability (the low frequency, LF) and also substantial variability within the decadal regimes (the high frequency, HF). Statistical analyses on raw climate data can confound ...

M. Neil Ward

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Midtropospheric Circulation Patterns Associated with Extreme Dry and Wet Episodes over Equatorial Eastern Africa during the Northern Hemisphere Spring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The anomaly circulation patterns of contrasting wet and dry episodes over the equatorial eastern Africa (EEA) region are studied using the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts analyses. The study focuses on the Northern Hemisphere ...

Raphael E. Okoola

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Three Late Summer/Early Autumn Cases of TropicalExtratropical Interactions Causing Precipitation in Northwest Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In contrast to the winter rain-dominated region along the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts in northwest Africa, the semiarid to arid southern foothills of the Atlas Mountains receive significant contributions to their annual rainfall amounts ...

Peter Knippertz; Andreas H. Fink; Andreas Reiner; Peter Speth

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

The use of small scale hydroelectric power in South Africa, hydro and economic potential for rural electrification.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Small hydro generation refers to generating capacity of less than 10 MW with the most common being Run-of-River. In South Africa, the level of rural (more)

Reddy, Devan.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Application of the NCEP Ensemble Prediction System to Medium-Range Forecasting in South Africa: New Products, Benefits, and Challenges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Ensemble Forecasting System (EFS) is used operationally in South Africa for medium-range forecasts up to 14 days ahead. The use of model-generated probability forecasts has a clear benefit ...

Warren J. Tennant; Zoltan Toth; Kevin J. Rae

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Customization of RegCM3 Regional Climate Model for Eastern Africa and a Tropical Indian Ocean Domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rainfall is a driving factor of climate in the tropics and needs to be properly represented within a climate model. This study customizes the precipitation processes over the tropical regions of eastern Africa and the Indian Ocean using the ...

Neil Davis; Jared Bowden; Fredrick Semazzi; Lian Xie; Bari? nol

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Nocturnal Continental Low-Level Stratus over Tropical West Africa: Observations and Possible Mechanisms Controlling Its Onset  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some spatiotemporal characteristics and possible mechanisms controlling the onset of the widespread, low-level nocturnal stratiform clouds that formed during MayOctober 2006 over southern tropical West Africa are investigated using cloudiness ...

Jon M. Schrage; Andreas H. Fink

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Comparing Satellite and Surface Rainfall Products over West Africa at Meteorologically Relevant Scales during the AMMA Campaign Using Error Estimates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monsoon rainfall is central to the climate of West Africa, and understanding its variability is a challenge for which satellite rainfall products could be well suited to contribute to. Their quality in this region has received less attention than ...

Rmy Roca; Philippe Chambon; Isabelle Jobard; Pierre-Emmanuel Kirstetter; Marielle Gosset; Jean Claude Bergs

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Prediction of Dry-Season Precipitation in Tropical West Africa and Its Relation to Forcing from the Extratropics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Precipitation during the boreal winter dry season in tropical West Africa is rare but occasionally results in significant impacts on the local population. The dynamics and predictability of this phenomenon have been studied very little. Here, a ...

Peter Knippertz; Andreas H. Fink

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

An Observational Study of the Relationship between Excessively Strong Short Rains in Coastal East Africa and Indian Ocean SST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Composites of SST, wind, rainfall, and humidity have been constructed for years of high rainfall during September, October, and November (SON) in equatorial and southern-central East Africa. These show that extreme East African short rains are ...

Emily Black; Julia Slingo; Kenneth R. Sperber

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

A Continental-Scale Classification of Rainfall Seasonality Regimes in Africa Based on Gridded Precipitation and Land Surface Temperature Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A classification of rainfall seasonality regimes in Africa was derived from gridded rainfall and land surface temperature products. By adapting a method that goes back to Walter and Lieths approach of presenting climatic diagrams, relationships ...

Stefanie M. Herrmann; Karen I. Mohr

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

3D Geological Models of Submarine Lobes from Borehole Data, Permian Tanqua-Karoo Basin, South Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Permian Skoorsteenberg Formation in the Tanqua-Karoo basin in South Africa provides excellent exposure of submarine basin-floor fans. Because of this, the European Union sponsored (more)

Lorenz, C.F.D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa 1995-2004 spain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Proceedings of the 3rd international conference on Computer graphics, virtual reality, visualisation and interaction in Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Welcome to AFRIGRAPH 2004, the 3rd international conference on Computer Graphics, Virtul Reality, Visualisation and Interaction in Africa. This conference follows two very successful conferences in 2001 and 2003, and is the main showcase for the Afrigraph ...

Lynette van Zijl; Patrick Marais

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

A crop model and fuzzy rule based approach for optimizing maize planting dates in Burkina Faso, West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Sub-Saharan Africa with high rainfall variability and little irrigation options, the crop planting date is a crucial tactical decision for farmers and therefore a major concern in agricultural decision making. To support decision making in ...

Moussa Waongo; Patrick Laux; Seydou B. Traor; Moussa Sanon; Harald Kunstmann

383

Regional and Diurnal Variability of the Vertical Structure of Precipitation Systems in Africa Based on Spaceborne Radar Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) 2A25 radar reflectivity profiles and derived surface rain rates are used to describe the vertical structure of precipitation systems in Africa. Five years of data are used in both the boreal and ...

Bart Geerts; Teferi Dejene

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Contribution of Mesoscale Convective Complexes to Rainfall in Sahelian Africa: Estimates from Geostationary Infrared and Passive Microwave Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The contribution of mesoscale convective complexes to the JulySeptember rainfall in Sahelian Africa is assessed using passive microwave data from the Special Sensor Microwave Image and infrared (IR) data from the European Geostationary ...

Arlene G. Laing; J. Michael Fritsch; Andrew J. Negri

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Event:Hands-on Training Workshop for the Africa Region on Mitigation  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Calendar.png Calendar.png Hands-on Training Workshop for the Africa Region on Mitigation Assessment: on 2012/09/10 The Consultative Group of Experts provides essential support to developing countries in the preparation of their national communications, including support for GHG inventories, mitigation assessment, among other areas. Beyond the simple act of reporting, the training and support also focuses on mainstreaming climate change and providing support for the maintenance of in-country capacity. The CGE is comprised of 26 experts nominated by their regional groups under the UNFCCC. Event Details Name Hands-on Training Workshop for the Africa Region on Mitigation Assessment Date 2012/09/10 Location Ghana Organizer UNFCCC Tags LEDS, CLEAN, Training Website Event Website

386

Slide04 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Stakeholders Government Signatories: * Brazil * Canada * Denmark * Finland * Germany * Korea, Rep. of * Mexico * The Netherlands * Norway * Portugal * South Africa * Spain *...

387

Microsoft PowerPoint - 3_Gary and Brian_Wednesday 5-22 Transit...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Canada France Germany Indonesia Japan Kazakhstan South Korea Mexico Netherlands Spain South Africa United Kingdom Sweden 8...

388

An analysis of markets for small-scale, advanced coal-combustion technology in Spain, Italy, and Turkey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report discusses the examination of potential overseas markets for using small-scale, US-developed, advanced coal-combustion technologies (ACTs). In previous work, member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) were rated on their potential for using ACTs through a comprehensive screening methodology. The three most promising OECD markets were found to be Spain, Italy, and Turkey. This report provides in-depth analyses of these three selected countries. First, it addresses changes in the European Community with particular reference to the 1992 restructuring and its potential effect on the energy situation in Europe, specifically in the three subject countries. It presents individual country studies that examine demographics, economics, building infrastructures, and energy-related factors. Potential niches for ACTs are explored for each country through regional analyses. Marketing channels, strategies, and the trading environments in each country are also discussed. The information gathered indicates that Turkey is a most promising market, Spain is a fairly promising market, and Italy appears to be a somewhat limited market for US ACTs. 76 refs., 16 figs., 14 tabs.

Placet, M.; Gerry, P.A.; Kenski, D.M.; Kern, D.M.; Nehring, J.L.; Szpunar, C.B.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Smart and Just Grids: Opportunities for Sub-Saharan Africa | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Smart and Just Grids: Opportunities for Sub-Saharan Africa Smart and Just Grids: Opportunities for Sub-Saharan Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Smart and Just Grids: Opportunities for Sub-Saharan Africa Focus Area: Energy Access Topics: Socio-Economic Website: www.unido.org/fileadmin/user_media/Services/Energy_and_Climate_Change/ Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/smart-and-just-grids-opportunities-su Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Financial Incentives,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Training & Education Regulations: "Resource Integration Planning,Enabling Legislation" is not in the list of possible values (Agriculture Efficiency Requirements, Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling, Audit Requirements, Building Certification, Building Codes, Cost Recovery/Allocation, Emissions Mitigation Scheme, Emissions Standards, Enabling Legislation, Energy Standards, Feebates, Feed-in Tariffs, Fuel Efficiency Standards, Incandescent Phase-Out, Mandates/Targets, Net Metering & Interconnection, Resource Integration Planning, Safety Standards, Upgrade Requirements, Utility/Electricity Service Costs) for this property.

390

Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

Brown, S.

2002-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

391

Africa - Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy Poverty and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa - Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy Poverty and Africa - Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy Poverty and Avoid GHG Emissions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy Poverty and Avoid GHG Emissions in Africa Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Solar Topics: Resource assessment Website: www.nrel.gov/docs/fy10osti/44259.pdf Coordinates: -8.783195°, 34.508523° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-8.783195,"lon":34.508523,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

392

??The school funding system in post-apartheid South Africa: Is the right to adequate basic education accessible to the rich only??.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The financing of public schools in South Africa is dependent on school fees to a great extent. However, the legislative process governing the charging of (more)

Lorette Elizabeth Arendse

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Modelling the architecture of distal sand-rich lobe deposits : an example from Fan 2, Skoorsteenberg Formation, Tanqua Karoo, South Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Fan 2, one of five submarine fan systems of the Tanqua fan complex in the south-western Karoo Basin, South Africa, is subdivided into Lower, Middle (more)

Steyn, Rochelle

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Development of a high-resolution emission inventory for Spain using the SMOKE modelling system: A case study for the years 2000 and 2010  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emission preparation is a critical stage in air quality modelling. The generation of input information from regulatory emission inventories compatible with the requirements of eulerian chemical-transport models needs a computationally efficient, reliable, ... Keywords: Air quality, Atmospheric emissions, Emission preparation for modelling, SMOKE, Spain

Rafael Borge; Julio Lumbreras; Encarnacion Rodrguez

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Application of an SVM-based regression model to the air quality study at local scale in the Avils urban area (Spain)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to build a regression model of air quality by using the support vector machine (SVM) technique in the Aviles urban area (Spain) at local scale. Hazardous air pollutants or toxic air contaminants refer to any substance that ... Keywords: Air quality, Machine learning, Pollutant substances, Support vector regression

A. SuRez SNchez; P. J. GarcA Nieto; P. Riesgo FernNdez; J. J. Del Coz DAz; F. J. Iglesias-RodrGuez

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

To appear in the European Conf. on Object-Oriented Programming,June, 2002, Malaga, Spain Space-and Time-Efficient Implementation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To appear in the European Conf. on Object-Oriented Programming,June, 2002, M´alaga, Spain Space-encodings result in application speedups rang- ing from ¡£¢ ¤£¥ to ¦¨§ ¢ § ¥ . Performance on synthetic micro

Grove, David

397

Climatic implications of correlated upper Pleistocene glacial and fluvial deposits on the Cinca and Gallego rivers, NE Spain  

SciTech Connect

We correlate Upper Pleistocene glacial and fluvial deposits of the Cinca and Gallego River valleys (south central Pyrenees and Ebro basin, Spain) using geomorphic position, luminescence dates, and time-related trends in soil development. The ages obtained from glacial deposits indicate glacial periods at 85 {+-} 5 ka, 64 {+-} 11 ka, and 36 {+-} 3 ka (from glacial till) and 20 {+-} 3 ka (from loess). The fluvial drainage system, fed by glaciers in the headwaters, developed extensive terrace systems in the Cinca River valley at 178 {+-} 21 ka, 97 {+-} 16 ka, 61 {+-} 4 ka, 47 {+-} 4 ka, and 11 {+-} 1 ka, and in the Gallego River valley at 151 {+-} 11 ka, 68 {+-} 7 ka, and 45 {+-} 3 ka. The times of maximum geomorphic activity related to cold phases coincide with Late Pleistocene marine isotope stages and heinrich events. The maximum extent of glaciers during the last glacial occurred at 64 {+-} 11 ka, and the terraces correlated with this glacial phase are the most extensive in both the Cinca (61 {+-} 4 ka) and Gallego (68 {+-} 7 ka) valleys, indicating a strong increase in fluvial discharge and availability of sediments related to the transition to deglaciation. The global Last Glacial Maximum is scarcely represented in the south central Pyrenees owing to dominantly dry conditions at that time. Precipitation must be controlled by the position of the Iberian Peninsula with respect to the North Atlantic atmospheric circulation system. The glacial systems and the associated fluvial dynamic seem sensitive to (1) global climate changes controlled by insolation, (2) North Atlantic thermohaline circulation influenced by freshwater pulses into the North Atlantic, and (3) anomalies in atmospheric circulation in the North Atlantic controlling precipitation on the Iberian peninsula. The model of glacial and fluvial evolution during the Late Pleistocene in northern Spain could be extrapolated to other glaciated mountainous areas in southern Europe.

Lewis, Claudia J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mcdonald, Eric [NON LANL; Sancho, Carlos [NON LANL; Pena, Jose- Luis [NON LANL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Marine Incursion: The Freshwater Herring of Lake Tanganyika Are the Product of a Marine Invasion into West Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The spectacular marine-like diversity of the endemic fauna of Lake Tanganyika, the oldest of the African Great Lakes, led early researchers to suggest that the lake must have once been connected to the ocean. Recent geophysical reconstructions clearly indicate that Lake Tanganyika formed by rifting in the African subcontinent and was never directly linked to the sea. Although the Lake has a high proportion of specialized endemics, the absence of close relatives outside Tanganyika has complicated phylogeographic reconstructions of the timing of lake colonization and intralacustrine diversification. The freshwater herring of Lake Tanganyika are members of a large group of pellonuline herring found in western and southern Africa, offering one of the best opportunities to trace the evolutionary history of members of Tanganyikas biota. Molecular phylogenetic reconstructions indicate that herring colonized West Africa 2550MYA, at the end of a major marine incursion in the region. Pellonuline herring subsequently experienced an evolutionary radiation in West Africa, spreading across the continent and reaching East Africas Lake Tanganyika during its early formation. While Lake Tanganyika has never been directly connected with the sea, the endemic freshwater herring of the lake are the descendents of an ancient marine

Anthony B. Wilson; Guy G. Teugels; Axel Meyer

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

American racism and African diplomats: race and American Cold War policy in West Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two of the most significant influences on post-World War II American society were Cold War ideology and the struggle over civil rights. The Kennedy years provide a special opportunity to examine the relationship between these two facets of modern American society. The interconnectedness between Cold War ideology and civil rights increased during the 1960s. Cold War tensions escalated and the American government became increasingly concerned about the effect of racial strife on the country's image abroad. Many officials feared that America's racial problems placed her in a weaker position than the Soviet Union in the struggle to win the "hearts and minds" of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. This study will examine the political and social ramifications of the experiences of African diplomats in the United States during the Kennedy administration within both a national and international context. African encounters with American racism illustrate the interplay between foreign policy and domestic pressures and the globalization of the civil rights movement. The Kennedy administration, especially the State Department, took decisive action on the behalf of the African diplomats. However, racial problems confronting the African diplomats could not be resolved without resolving the racial problems confronting black Americans and other people of color in the United States. The main argument of this thesis is that the administration's efforts to solve this international image problem were significant steps towards the eventual end of de jure segregation in the long-term. This thesis includes an examination of relations between the United States and British West Africa, the African and Soviet response to American racism, the efforts of the State Department on behalf of the mistreated African diplomats, and the relationship between the civil rights movement and independence movements in Africa.

Oriabure, Stephannie Ebhota

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Fertilizer Impacts on Soils and Crops of Sub-Saharan Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is published by the Department of Agricultural Economics and the Department of Economics, Michigan State University (MSU). Funding for this research was provided by the Food Security II Cooperative Agreement (PCE-A-00-97-00044-00) between Michigan State University and the United States Agency for International Development, through the Africa Bureau's Office of Sustainable Development, Productive Sector Growth and Environment Division, Technology Development and Transfer Unit (AFR/SD/PAGE/TAT). Weight is an independent soil scientist and Kelly a visiting associate professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, Michigan State University. ii

David Weight; Valerie Kelly; Carl Liedholm; Michael T. Weber

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa 1995-2004 spain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Characterization of novel rice germplasm from West Africa and genetic marker associations with rice cooking quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Genetic resource enhancement is the foundation of any good breeding program. Landraces from West Africa, interspecifics between Oryza sativa and Oryza glaberrima and improved lines from the West African Rice Development Association and other research centers were introduced to the Beaumont Rice Research center for in situ evaluation and characterization. Beside the introduction of seeds, milled samples were also introduced for grain chemistry analysis. Field evaluation combined with physicochemical and molecular characterization revealed unique characteristics among African germplasm. New rice for Africa (NERICA) lines performed well in the USA environment. Varieties like Nerica 2, Nerica 3, Nerica 4, and Nerica 5 need more attention because of their superior performance in yield and grain quality. Landraces did not perform well due to their height and late maturity and their resulting problems with lodging. The rapid visco analyzer RVA profiles showed that the cultivar Jaya has unusually strong paste viscosity features. Comparing West Africa samples grown in Cote dâ??Ivoire with those grown in Texas, parameters like AA, ASV, Hot, Cool, and CT were not stongly affected by the environment. According to the Stbk value, cultivars grown in Cote dâ??Ivoire will cook softer than when they were grown in Texas. The lack of the environmental effect is somewhat surprising considering the difference in latitude, soil types, weather patterns, and management practices between the two locations. Apparent amylose is a key element to characterize a rice cultivar; however certain varieties like Cocodrie and Dixiebelle have similar apparent amylose content but dramatically different functional qualities. A population derived from Cocodrie and Dixiebelle was developed for genotypic and phenotypic analysis of grain chemistry traits that affect functionality. It was concluded that the amount of soluble amylose in the grain had a significant effect on flour pasting properties, even when total apparent amylose content did not vary. Marker association studies revealed that the Waxy microsatellite and the Waxy exon 10 SNP markers were associated with soluble amylose content and RVA characteristics. These markers will speed up the development of new rice cultivars with desirable quality characteristics in West Africa and in the USA.

Traore, Karim

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Seasonal-to-Interannual Variability of Ethiopia/Horn of Africa Monsoon. Part I: Associations of Wavelet-Filtered Large-Scale Atmospheric Circulation and Global Sea Surface Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Horn of Africa rainfall varies on multiple time scales, but the underlying climate system controls on this variability have not been examined comprehensively. This study therefore investigates the linkages between JuneSeptember Horn of Africa (...

Zewdu T. Segele; Peter J. Lamb; Lance M. Leslie

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Rock doughnut and pothole structures of the Clarens Fm. Sandstone in the Karoo Basin, South Africa: Possible links to Lower Jurassic fluid seepage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rock doughnut and pothole structures of the Clarens Fm. Sandstone in the Karoo Basin, South Africa in the Witkop III region of the Eastern Cape Province (Fig. 2). 3.1. Regional geological setting The Karoo Basin (Karoo Supersequence) of southern Africa is a product of in-fill from the Late Carboniferous to Early

Svensen, Henrik

404

To access is not to know: A critical reflection on A2K and the role of libraries with special reference to sub-Saharan Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper critically examines the notions of the ??knowledge society?? and ??access to knowledge?? to uncover some underlying assumptions, with special reference to sub-Saharan Africa. We borrow from constructivist learning theory ... Keywords: A2K, constructivism, epistemology, information society, knowledge, knowledge society, libraries, sub-Saharan Africa

Peter Johan Lor; Johannes Britz

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

The importance of context in delivering effective EIA: Case studies from East Africa  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews and compares the condition of the environmental impact assessment (EIA) system in three countries in the East Africa region: Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania. The criteria used for the evaluation and the comparison of each system are based on the elements of the legal, administrative and procedural frameworks, as well as the context in which they operate. These criteria are adapted from the evaluation and quality control criteria derived from a number of literature sources. The study reveals that the EIA systems of Kenya and Tanzania are at a similar stage in their development. The two countries, the first to introduce the EIA concept into their jurisdiction in this part of Africa, therefore have more experience than Rwanda in the practice of environmental impact assessment, where the legislation and process requires more time to mature both from the governmental and societal perspective. The analysis of the administrative and procedural frameworks highlights the weakness in the autonomy of the competent authority, in all three countries. Finally a major finding of this study is that the contextual set up i.e. the socio-economic and political situation plays an important role in the performance of an EIA system. The context in developing countries is very different from developed countries where the EIA concept originates. Interpreting EIA conditions in countries like Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania requires that the analysis for determining the effectiveness of their systems should be undertaken within a relevant framework, taking into account the specific requirements of those countries.

Marara, Madeleine; Okello, Nick; Kuhanwa, Zainab; Douven, Wim; Beevers, Lindsay, E-mail: l.beevers@hw.ac.uk; Leentvaar, Jan

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

406

The Effect of Access to AIDS Treatment on Employment Outcomes in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Antiretroviral (ARV) drug treatment for AIDS dramatically improves health status and increases life expectancy, but there is little evidence on whether it improves employment outcomes in developing countries. In this paper, I examine the labor market effects of the government provision of free ARV treatment in public health clinics in South Africa, which enrolled over 500,000 patients between 2004 and 2008. I use geographic and temporal variation in the program rollout to identify the causal impact of ARV treatment on labor force participation and employment. This study is the first evaluation of the largest AIDS treatment program in the world. I find that the likelihood of labor force participation increases by 2 percentage points for Black men, and 3 percentage points for Black women, within 6 months of ARV treatment becoming available nearby. While there are no discernible effects of the distance to the nearest clinic on employment rates, this is consistent with relatively high unemployment rates and long unemployment durations in South Africa. These results demonstrate that better alignment and coordination of health and labor policy could improve efficacy and cost-effectiveness in both arenas.

Zo Mclaren

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

South Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...According to a report by the South African Corrosion Council (Ref 82), £20 million GBP was the annual recurring

408

ICTs and radio in Africa: How the uptake of ICT has influenced the newsroom culture among community radio journalists  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article highlights the influence that new ICTs and Computer Mediated Communication is having on the newsroom cultures among community radio journalists in Africa, especially the use of mobile phones and the internet. The discussion is based on findings ... Keywords: Community radio, Glocal, Journalism practice, Mobile phones, New ICTs, New media, Participatory communication

Goretti Linda Nassanga; Linje Manyozo; Claudia Lopes

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Nitrogen geochemistry as a tracer of fluid flow in a hydrothermal vent complex in the Karoo Basin, South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nitrogen geochemistry as a tracer of fluid flow in a hydrothermal vent complex in the Karoo Basin and hydrothermal vent complexes (HVC) in the Karoo Basin in South Africa. The HVC formed during phreatic eruptions from the lower stratigraphic units of the Karoo Basin shows that the vitrinite reflectance and d15 N

Svensen, Henrik

410

Satellite observations of the seasonal cycles of absorbing aerosols in Africa related to the monsoon rainfall, 1995e2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the monsoon rainfall, 1995e2008 M. de Graaf a,*, L.G. Tilstra a , I. Aben b , P. Stammes a a Royal Netherlands: Absorbing aerosols Remote sensing African monsoon Precipitation a b s t r a c t The link between the African Monsoon systems and aerosol loading in Africa is studied using multi-year satellite observations of UV

Tilstra, Gijsbert

411

Experimental Particle Physics in the LHC Era and Possible Implications for Development in Africa (467th Brookhaven Lecture)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Assamagan presented a talk titled Experimental Particle Physics in the LHC Era and Possible Implications for Development in Africa, in which he discussed the latest happenings at the LHC and ATLAS, and how African institutes participation in research at the LHC relates to the goals of the African School of Physics.

Assamagan, Ketevi (BNL Physics Dept)

2011-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

412

Coupled hydrological-economic modelling for optimised irrigated cultivation in a semi-arid catchment of West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A coupled model system, consisting of a distributed hydrological model and an economic optimisation model, communicating via model interfaces, is developed and applied to investigate regional interdependencies between irrigated agriculture and regional ... Keywords: Decision support, Distributed hydrological modelling, Economic modelling, Irrigated agriculture, Model coupling, Non-linear programming, West Africa

H. Ahrends; M. Mast; Ch. Rodgers; H. Kunstmann

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

An Aircraft Study of Mesoscale Surface Wind Patterns and Associated Meteorological Conditions over Cape St. Francis, South Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aircraft surveys have been conducted to assess the mesoscale pattern of wind and weather over Cape Saint Francis, South Africa, on the southern tip of the African continent. Ten surveys were flown at a level of 100 m above ground during November ...

Mark R. Jury; Roseanne D. Diab; Mark Schormann

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Roof-top solar energy potential under performance-based building energy codes: The case of Spain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The quantification at regional level of the amount of energy (for thermal uses and for electricity) that can be generated by using solar systems in buildings is hindered by the availability of data for roof area estimation. In this note, we build on an existing geo-referenced method for determining available roof area for solar facilities in Spain to produce a quantitative picture of the likely limits of roof-top solar energy. The installation of solar hot water systems (SHWS) and photovoltaic systems (PV) is considered. After satisfying up to 70% (if possible) of the service hot water demand in every municipality, PV systems are installed in the remaining roof area. Results show that, applying this performance-based criterion, SHWS would contribute up to 1662 ktoe/y of primary energy (or 68.5% of the total thermal-energy demand for service hot water), while PV systems would provide 10 T W h/y of electricity (or 4.0% of the total electricity demand). (author)

Izquierdo, Salvador; Montanes, Carlos; Dopazo, Cesar; Fueyo, Norberto [Fluid Mechanics Group, University of Zaragoza and LITEC (CSIC), Maria de Luna 3, 50018 Zaragoza (Spain)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

415

Mitigation Options in Forestry, Land-Use, Change and Biomass Burning in Africa  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Mitigation options to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and sequester carbon in land use sectors are describe in some detail. The paper highlights those options in the forestry sector, which are more relevant to different parts of Africa. It briefly outlines a bottom-up methodological framework for comprehensively assessing mitigation options in land use sectors. This method emphasizes the application of end-use demand projections to construct a baseline and mitigation scenarios and explicitly addresses the carbon storage potential on land and in wood products, as well as use of wood to substitute for fossil fuels. Cost-effectiveness indicators for ranking mitigation options are proposed, including those, which account for non-carbon monetary benefits such as those derived from forest products, as well as opportunity cost of pursuing specific mitigation option. The paper finally surveys the likely policies, barriers and incentives to implement such mitigation options in African countries .

Makundi, Willy R.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy Poverty and Avoid GHG Emissions in Africa (Poster)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Approximately 1.6 billion people worldwide do not have access to electricity, and roughly 2.4 billion people rely on traditional biomass fuels to meet their heating and cooking needs. Lack of access to and use of energy - or energy poverty - has been recognized as a barrier to reaching the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and other targeted efforts to improve health and quality of life. Reducing reliance on traditional biomass can substantially reduce indoor air pollution-related morbidity and mortality; increasing access to lighting and refrigeration can improve educational and economic opportunities. Though targeted electrification efforts have had success within Latin America and East Asia (reaching electrification rates above 85%), sub-Saharan Africa has maintained electrification rates below 25% (IEA 2004).

Cowlin, S.; Heimiller, D.; Bilello, D.; Renne, D.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Detecting vegetation-precipitation feedbacks in mid-Holocene North Africa from two climate models  

SciTech Connect

Using two climate-vegetation model simulations from the Fast Ocean Atmosphere Model (FOAM) and the Community Climate System Model (CCSM, version 2), we investigate vegetation-precipitation feedbacks across North Africa during the mid-Holocene. From mid-Holocene snapshot runs of FOAM and CCSM2, we detect a negative feedback at the annual timescale with our statistical analysis. Using the Monte- Carlo bootstrap method, the annual negative feedback is further confirmed to be significant in both simulations. Additional analysis shows that this negative interaction is partially caused by the competition between evaporation and transpiration in North African grasslands. Furthermore, we find the feedbacks decrease with increasing timescales, and change signs from positive to negative at increasing timescales in FOAM. The proposed mechanism for this sign switch is associated with the different persistent timescales of upper and lower soil water contents, and their interactions with vegetation and atmospheric precipitation.

Wang, Yi; Notaro, Michael; Liu, Zhengyu; Gallimore, Robert; Levis, Samuel; Kutzbach, John E.

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

418

Event:REN21 Renewables 2012 Global Status Report Webinar Series - Africa |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Calendar.png Calendar.png REN21 Renewables 2012 Global Status Report Webinar Series - Africa: on 2012/09/06 REN21's Renewables 2012 Global Status Report (GSR) speaks to the cumulating effect of steady growth in renewable energy markets, support policies and investment over the past years. In 2011, Renewable sources supplied 16.7% of global final energy consumption. The share of modern renewables increased, while the share of traditional biomass slightly declined. 118 countries -more than half in the developing world- implemented RE targets. Investment in renewables increased 17% to a record $257 billion, despite a widening sovereign debt crisis in Europe and rapidly falling prices for renewable power equipment. Photovoltaic module prices dropped by 50% and onshore wind turbines

419

Characterization of U/Pu Particles Originating From the Nuclear Weapon Accidents at Palomares, Spain, 1966 And Thule, Greenland, 1968  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Following the USAF B-52 bomber accidents at Palomares, Spain in 1966 and at Thule, Greenland in 1968, radioactive particles containing uranium (U) and plutonium (Pu) were dispersed into the environment. To improve long-term environmental impact assessments for the contaminated ecosystems, particles from the two sites have been isolated and characterized with respect to properties influencing particle weathering rates. Low [239]Pu/[235]U (0.62-0.78) and [240]Pu/[239]Pu (0.055-0.061) atom ratios in individual particles from both sites obtained by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) show that the particles contain highly enriched U and weapon-grade Pu. Furthermore, results from electron microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX) and synchrotron radiation (SR) based micrometer-scale X-ray fluorescence ({micro}-XRF) 2D mapping demonstrated that U and Pu coexist throughout the 1-50 {micro}m sized particles, while surface heterogeneities were observed in EDX line scans. SR-based micrometer-scale X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure Spectroscopy ({micro}-XANES) showed that the particles consisted of an oxide mixture of U (predominately UO[2] with the presence ofU[3][8]) and Pu ((III)/(IV), (V)/(V) or (III), (IV) and (V)). Neither metallic U or Pu nor uranyl or Pu(VI) could be observed. Characteristics such as elemental distributions, morphology and oxidation states are remarkably similar for the Palomares and Thule particles, reflecting that they originate from similar source and release scenarios. Thus, these particle characteristics are more dependent on the original material from which the particles are derived (source) and the formation of particles (release scenario) than the environmental conditions to which the particles have been exposed since the late 1960s.

Lind, O.C.; Salbu, B.; Janssens, K.; Proost, K.; Garcia-Leon, M.; Garcia-Tenorio, R.

2007-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

420

Expanding Internet access to the rural poor in Africa: The views expressed in this paper are those of the author, and do not reflect those of the World Bank or its executive directors. This paper is based partly on results presented in The Economic Toolkit for African Policy Makers, an Africa Internet Forum/UN Economic Commission for Africa project sponsored by the World Bank's infoDev program (ID 950920-10).  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At present, the Internet is little used in Africa. However, it has the potential to play a significant role in reducing poverty and promoting sustainable development, especially in rural areas. This paper examines two important elements of increasing ...

Charles J. Kenny

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa 1995-2004 spain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Predictability of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index in Kenya and Potential Applications as an Indicator of Rift Valley Fever Outbreaks in the Greater Horn of Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the progress made in producing predictions of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) over Kenya in the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) for the OctoberDecember (OND) season is discussed. Several studies have identified a ...

Matayo Indeje; M. Neil Ward; Laban J. Ogallo; Glyn Davies; Maxx Dilley; Assaf Anyamba

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Recent land-cover/use change associated with land degradation in the Lake Baringo catchment, Kenya, East Africa: evidence from Landsat TM and ETM+  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many parts of East Africa are experiencing dramatic changes in land-cover/use at a variety of spatial and temporal scales, due to both climatic variability and human activities. Information about such changes is often required for planning, management, ...

L. M. Kiage; K. -B. Liu; N. D. Walker; N. Lam; O. K. Huh

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

A Trajectory-Based Investigation of Physical and Dynamical Processes That Govern the Temporal Evolution of the Subtropical Jet Streams over Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical, subtropical, and extratropical dynamical processes govern the synoptic-scale evolution of the subtropical jet stream(s) over Africa. However, the relative importance of the respective effects is still under debate and is the focus of ...

Olivia Martius; Heini Wernli

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

The Relationship of Rainfall Variability in Western Equatorial Africa to the Tropical Oceans and Atmospheric Circulation. Part II: The Boreal Autumn  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the mechanisms controlling the year-to-year variability of rainfall over western equatorial Africa during the rainy season of OctoberDecember. Five regions with distinct behavior are analyzed separately. Only two show strong ...

Amin K. Dezfuli; Sharon E. Nicholson

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

The Relationship of Rainfall Variability in Western Equatorial Africa to the Tropical Oceans and Atmospheric Circulation. Part I: The Boreal Spring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the factors governing rainfall variability in western equatorial Africa (WEA) during the AprilJune rainy season. In three of the five regions examined some degree of large-scale forcing is indicated, particularly in the region ...

Sharon E. Nicholson; Amin K. Dezfuli

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Mesoscale Atmospheric Modeling Using a High Horizontal Grid Resolution over a Complex Coastal Terrain and a Wine Region of South Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) was used to assess local air circulation patterns over the wine-producing Stellenbosch region of South Africa. Numerical simulations using four nested grids (25, 5, and 1 km, and 200 m of horizontal ...

V. Bonnardot; S. Cautenet

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Analysis of Convective Activity and Its Relationship to the Rainfall over the Rift Valley Lakes of East Africa during 198390 Using the Meteosat Infrared Channel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The convective activity over the Rift Valley lakes of East Africa, as deduced from cloud tops colder than a predefined threshold, is examined. Relationships between satellite-derived convective indices and rainfall measurements are also examined. ...

Mamoudou B. Ba; Sharon E. Nicholson

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Radiative impact of mineral dust on monsoon precipitation variability over West Africa  

SciTech Connect

The radiative forcing of dust and its impact on precipitation over the West Africa monsoon (WAM) region is simulated using a coupled meteorology and aerosol/chemistry model (WRF-Chem). During the monsoon season, dust is a dominant contributor to AOD over West Africa. In the standard simulation, on 24-hour domain average, dust has a cooling effect (-6.11 W/m2) at the surface, a warming effect (6.94 W/m2) in the atmosphere, and a relatively small TOA forcing (0.83 W/m2). Dust modifies the surface energy budget and atmospheric diabatic heating and hence causes lower atmospheric cooling in the daytime but warming in the nighttime. As a result, atmospheric stability is increased in the daytime and reduced in the nighttime, leading to a reduction of late afternoon precipitation by up to 0.14 mm/hour (30%) and an increase of nocturnal and early morning precipitation by up to 0.04 mm/hour (23%) over the WAM region. Dust-induced reduction of diurnal precipitation variation improves the simulated diurnal cycle of precipitation when compared to measurements. However, daily precipitation is only changed by a relatively small amount (-0.14 mm/day or -4%). On the other hand, sensitivity simulations show that, for weaker-to-stronger absorbing dust, dust longwave warming effect in the nighttime surpasses its shortwave cooling effect in the daytime at the surface, leading to a less stable atmosphere associated with more convective precipitation in the nighttime. As a result, the dust-induced change of daily WAM precipitation varies from a significant reduction of -0.40 mm/day (-12%, weaker absorbing dust) to a small increase of 0.05 mm/day (1%, stronger absorbing dust). This variation originates from the competition between dust impact on daytime and nighttime precipitation, which depends on dust shortwave absorption. Dust reduces the diurnal variation of precipitation regardless of its absorptivity, but more reduction is associated with stronger absorbing dust.

Zhao, Chun; Liu, Xiaohong; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Hagos, Samson M.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Selective mining and beneficiation at Grootegeluk coal mine Waterberg Coalfield, South Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Grootegeluk Coal Mine, situated in the Waterberg Coalfield in the Northern Province of South Africa, ranks among the largest open pit coal mines in the world in terms of run of mine tonnage. Commissioned in 1980 to provide steel producer Iscor with coking coal, Grootegeluk currently produces 53 Mt of coking coal per annum. At present Iscor consumes 1.2 Mt of coking coal while Matimba, the world's largest direct dry cooled PowerStation consumes an additional 12.6 Mt. Fine washing and screening plants currently beneficiate the run of mine feed from this multi-seam multi-product mine. Although the Waterberg Coalfield contains approximately 50% of South Africa's coal reserves, Grootegeluk is the only operating mine in this coalfield. The coal seams of the Waterberg Coalfield occur in the Volksrust and Vryheids formations of the Karoo Sequence. Numerous coal seams ranging from a few millimeters up to 8 meters occur over a stratigraphic thickness of at least 120 meters. These coal seams are grouped into eleven coal bearing zones that can be correlated across the coalfield. The coal- and coalbearing strata in the Waterberg are of late Paleozoic to early Mesozoic age. Coal from the Volksrust formation is autochthonous while the coal from the Vryheid formation is allochthonous. To ensure that sufficient geological and analytical data are obtained from exploration boreholes an extensive sampling procedure was established with washability data ranging from 1,35 to 2,20 g/cc. The analyses indicated that certain parts of the coalbearing strata is not suitable for the production of coking coal due to the high phosphorus content or the poor coking properties. This resulted in an open pit with 11 mining benches. The upper parts of the deposit is extracted by conventional shovel and truck operations while the coal seams of the lower part of the deposit are mined selectively with hydraulic shovels. At Grootegeluk down the hole geophysics (natural gamma) are used for grade control and also to quantify the effect of over- or undermining on the various mining benches. Reconciliation between the run of mine material dispatched to the various plants and their resulted yields/qualities are done regularly.

NONE

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Muslim oil and gas periphery; the future of hydrocarbons in Africa, southeast Asia and the Caspian. Master`s thesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This thesis is a study of the contemporary political, economic, and technical developments and future prospects of the Muslim hydrocarbon exporters of Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Caspian. The established Muslim oil and gas periphery of Africa and Southeast Asia has four members in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and is systemically increasing its production of natural gas. I analyze US government and corporate policies regarding the countries and the major dilemmas of the Muslim hydrocarbon periphery. The first chapter provides a selective overview of global energy source statistics; the policies, disposition and composition of the major hydrocarbon production and consumption players and communities; a selective background of OPEC and its impact on the globe; and a general portrait of how the Muslim periphery piece fits into the overall Muslim oil and gas puzzle. Chapter two analyzes the established Muslim oil and gas periphery of Africa and Southeast Asia asking the following questions: What are the major political, economic, and technical trends and dilemmas affecting these producer nations. And what are the United States` policies and relationships with these producers. Chapter three asks the same questions as chapter two, but with regard to the newly independent states of the Caspian Sea. I probe the regional petroleum exploration and transportation dilemmas in some detail.

Crockett, B.D.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Refrigerator Efficiency in Ghana: Tailoring an appliance markettransformation program design for Africa  

SciTech Connect

A simple replication of developed country applianceefficiency labels and standards is unlikely to be feasible in Ghana andmany other countries in Africa. Yet by creatively modifying the developedcountry appliance efficiency market transformation model, it should bepossible to achieve dramatic energy use reductions. As was true indeveloped countries in the previous two decades, refrigeration efficiencyimprovements provide the greatest energy savings potential in theresidential electricity sector in Ghana. Although Ghana, like manyAfrican countries may impose standards on imports since Ghana does nothave manufacturing facilities for appliances in country. This approachmay hurt some consumers who patronize a very diverse market of usedappliances imported from Europe. We discuss how meeting the challenges ofthe Ghanaian market will require modification of the usual energyefficiency labeling and standards paradigm. But once a refrigeratormarket transformation is accomplished in Ghana, we estimate an averageenergy savings potential of 550 kWh/refrigerator/year, and a monetarysavings of more than $35/refrigerator/year. We discuss how this modifiedrefrigerator efficiency market transformation may occur in the Ghanaiancontext. If successful, this market transformation is likely to be anexample for many other African countries.

Ben Hagan, Essel; Van Buskirk, Robert; Ofosu-Ahenkorah, Alfred; McNeil, Michael A.

2006-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

432

Airborne measurements of carbonaceous aerosols in southern Africa during the dry, biomass burning season  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Particulate matter collected aboard the University of Washington's Convair-580 research aircraft over southern Africa during the dry, biomass burning season was analyzed for total carbon, organic carbon, and black carbon contents using thermal and optical methods. Samples were collected in smoke plumes of burning savanna and in regional haze. A known artifact, produced by the adsorption of organic gases on the quartz filter substrates used to collect the particulate matter samples, comprised a significant portion of the total carbon collected. Consequently, conclusions derived from the data are greatly dependent on whether or not organic carbon concentrations are corrected for this artifact. For example, the estimated aerosol co-albedo (1 - single scattering albedo), which is a measure of aerosol absorption, of the biomass smoke samples is 60 percent larger using corrected organic carbon concentrations. Thus, the corrected data imply that the biomass smoke is 60 percent more absorbing than do the uncorrected data. The black carbon to (corrected) organic carbon mass ratio (BC/OC) of smoke plume samples (0.18/2610.06) is lower than that of samples collected in the regional haze (0.25/2610.08). The difference may be due to mixing of biomass smoke with background air characterized by a higher BC/OC ratio. A simple source apportionment indicates that biomass smoke contributes about three-quarters of the aerosol burden in the regional haze, while other sources (e.g., fossil fuel burning) contribute the remainder.

Kirchstetter, Thomas W.; Novakov, T.; Hobbs, Peter V.; Magi, Brian

2002-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

433

Use of solar generators in Africa for broadcasting equipment. [For powering educational tv receivers  

SciTech Connect

In Africa, solar cells were used for the first time in 1968 to provide power supply for the TV receivers in Niger. In that country, school television programs are essentially devised for the schools located in regions not provided with power mains. The transmissions are received by the means of TV sets that are especially devised to operate under warm and wet weather conditions. These receivers, model CATEL CI 17, are equipped with 61-cm screens, and are completely solid-state. They can be powered by a d.c. power supply, between 30 and 36 V. Their consumption, extremely modest, ranges around 32 W. The power supply for these receivers had, at the beginning, been provided by high-capacity alkaline electrolyte cells. In order to secure a more practical and less expensive source of energy, an experimental solar cell was installed in 1968. Following a satisfactory operation of this experimental solar cell, a careful study was conducted, after which some twenty installations were set up, using silicon cells and lead-acid batteries. A description of the installations is presented; and maintenance, reliability, and cost of the installations are discussed. (WHK)

Polgar, S.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

The Economics of Solar Thermal Electricity For Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A climate crisis is inevitable unless developing countries limit carbon emissions from the power sector in the near future. This will happen only if the costs of lowcarbon power production become competitive with fossil fuel power. We focus on a leading candidate for investment: solar thermal or concentrating solar power (CSP), a commercially available technology that uses direct sunlight and mirrors to boil water and drive conventional steam turbines. Solar thermal power production in North Africa and the Middle East could provide enough power to Europe to meet the needs of 35 million people by 2020. We compute the subsidies needed to bring CSP to financial parity with fossil-fuel alternatives. They conclude that large-scale deployment of CSP is attainable with subsidy levels that are modest, given the planetary stakes. By the end of the program, unsubsidized CSP projects are likely to be competitive with coal- and gasbased power production in Europe. The question is not whether CSP is feasible but whether programs using CSP

Kevin Ummel; David Wheeler; Kevin Ummel; David Wheeler

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Energy Efficient Rondavels in the Kruger National Game Reserve, South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unique huts are being used as guest lodges in the South African National Kruger Game Park. These are inspired by the rondavels (indigenous round thatched adobe building), but have been westernized by adding glazed window areas, higher cement block walls and asbestos fiber cement roofs. Serious overheating and overcooling occurs if the huts are not air-conditioned. The summer design day indoor temperature then remains above 27C (81F), while in winter it remains below 18C (64F) for 20 hours per day. Tourist accommodation typically makes up 65% of the power consumption of camps. Where camps are not grid-connected this led to high costs. Various passive design alternatives have been simulated using the Quick program, developed by the University of Pretoria. A combination of envelope optimization, earth connected ventilation pipes and ceiling fans led to thermal comfort while cost-effectively reducing peak demand by 30% and consumption by 33% without impairing the architecture. This paper shows that indigenous designs are a good starting point throughout the world (no matter if it is Africa, Mexico,. . .). They are a "window" to designing low embodied energy to passive solar design for their particular region!

Holm, D.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

NREL Response to the Report 'Study of the Effects on Employment of Public Aid to Renewable Energy Sources' from King Juan Carlos University (Spain) (White Paper)  

SciTech Connect

Job generation has been a part of the national dialogue surrounding energy policy and renewable energy (RE) for many years. RE advocates tout the ability of renewable energy to support new job opportunities in rural America and the manufacturing sector. Others argue that spending on renewable energy is an inefficient allocation of resources and can result in job losses in the broader economy. The report, Study of the Effects on Employment of Public Aid to Renewable Energy Sources, from King Juan Carlos University in Spain, is one recent addition to this debate. This report asserts that, on average, every renewable energy job in Spain 'destroyed' 2.2 jobs in the broader Spanish economy. The authors also apply this ratio to the U.S. context to estimate expected job loss from renewable energy development and policy in the United States. This memo discusses fundamental and technical limitations of the analysis by King Juan Carlos University and notes critical assumptions implicit in the ultimate conclusions of their work. The memo also includes a review of traditional employment impact analyses that rely on accepted, peer-reviewed methodologies, and it highlights specific variables that can significantly influence the results of traditional employment impact analysis.

Lantz, E.; Tegen, S.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Geopolitical influences on German development policies in Africa and AIDS policies in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At the beginning of the twenty-first century Germany geopolitics can be characterized by its grand strategy as a civilian power. Germany has come to depend on a civilianized international system based on multilateralism, international institutions and the rule of law, supranational integration, free trade, and the restriction of the use of force as a means for international politics. Such a system requires the players in it to be peaceful and civilian, developed and cooperative, legitimate and law-abiding. Many African countries do not fulfill those conditions. Extremely high prevalence rates of HIV/AIDS in Africa severely undermine social structure, economic development and political stability and thus contribute to state failure. State failure is in fundamental conflict with Germany's prime geopolitical interest in promoting a civilianized international system, because a failing state is incapable of creating civilianized structures. After analyzing Germany's foreign and development policies since World War II, I came to the conclusion that all German foreign policies aim at promoting a civilianized international system. I am arguing that development policies are part of broader foreign policies and thus pursue this goal with respect to developing countries. However, for the system itself it is much more important that the big players in the world are included and committed to it. Therefore, German foreign policy focuses on the major powers in the world and, just as developing countries play a minor role in international politics, development policies play a minor role in Germany's grand strategy as a civilian power. German grand strategy, however, plays a major role in the design and the conduct of German development policies, policies used as tools to pursue Germany's broader geopolitical interest in promoting a civilianized international system.

Bachmann, Veit

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

CHARACTERIZATION OF PRESOLAR MATERIAL IN THE CR CHONDRITE NORTHWEST AFRICA 852  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigated the inventory of presolar silicate, oxide, and silicon carbide (SiC) grains in the CR2 chondrite Northwest Africa (NWA) 852. Thirty-one O-anomalous grains were detected: 24 were identified as silicates ({approx}78 ppm); the remaining 7 are Al-rich oxides ({approx}38 ppm). NWA 852 is the first C2 chondrite containing O-anomalous presolar dust in concentrations comparable to other more primitive meteorites. Eight presolar SiC grains have been found, representing the highest abundance ({approx}160 ppm) observed so far in primitive meteorites. {sup 15}N-enriched matter is also present, although very heterogeneously distributed. Twenty-six of the O-anomalous grains are enriched in {sup 17}O, originating from the outflows of low-mass asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars. We calculate a silicate/oxide abundance ratio of {approx}2, which indicates a higher degree of aqueous alteration than observed for other presolar-grain-rich meteorites. NWA 852 thus stands between the presolar-grain-rich CR3 chondrites (MET 00426, QUE 99177) and CR2 chondrites with low presolar grain abundances (Renazzo, NWA 530). We calculate an initial presolar silicate abundance of {approx}800 ppm for NWA 852, if silicate destruction by aqueous alteration is taken into account. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) investigation of one presolar Al-rich grain of an AGB star origin revealed that the grain mainly consists of a single crystal of hibonite with slightly varying orientations. A distinct subgrain (d < 100 nm) with a Ca/Ti ratio of {approx}1 is located in the central region, most likely indicating a perovskite-like phase. Our data suggest this phase to be a primary condensate and not an alteration product.

Leitner, J.; Hoppe, P. [Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Particle Chemistry Department, P.O. Box 3060, 55020 Mainz (Germany); Vollmer, C. [Institut fuer Mineralogie, Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet, 48149 Muenster (Germany); Zipfel, J., E-mail: jan.leitner@mpic.de [Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum Senckenberg, Sektion Meteoritenforschung, Senckenberganlage 25, 60325 Frankfurt (Germany)

2012-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

439

A passive margin-type submarine fan complex, Permian Ecca Group, South Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A submarine fan complex, comprising five arenaceous fan systems separated by basinal shale units, occurs in the southwestern part of the intracratonic Karoo basin in South Africa. Although basin development is related to a subduction zone bordering the palaeo-Pacific ocean to the south of Gondwanaland and the evolution of the Cape Fold Belt, the entire Lower Permian Ecca Group basin-fill succession reflects depositional characteristics of a passive-margin setting. The submarine fan complex, 250 m thick, originated from sediments supplied by Mississippi-type deltas dominating the Ecca coastline. The fine grain-size and low sand/shale ratio of the submarine fan and deltaic deposits reflect the maturity of the ancient river systems. Outcrops of the fan complex are well exposed and cover an area of 650 km{sup 2}. The strata are not affected by folding, and deep erosion allows three-dimensional viewing of mid-fan to outer-fan deposits. Features of interest include stacked lobe deposits displayed along 2.5 km of a 60 m high cliff section, and a transverse cliff section through channel-fill deposits 500 m wide. Paleocurrent directions reveal that each sequence had its own main source area located to the northwest and south of its present geographic location. The cyclic nature of the fan complex is attributed to relative sea-level changes; deposition took place on the basin floor in water depths that do not exceed 500 m. Shoaling of the basin to wave base depths is reflected in the pro-delta and delta front deposits overlying the uppermost fan sequence. Major factors in controlling direction of fan progradation were delta switching and basin floor topography.

Wickens, H.D. (SOEKOR-Pty. Ltd., Parow (South Africa)); Bouma, A.H. (Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge (United States))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Synoptic disturbances found in precipitable water fields north of equatorial Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The origin and structure of tropical synoptic scale aphics. precipitable water (PWI anomalies estimated from TOVS satellite observations are analyzed as they propagate eastward across northern Africa during MAM 1988. Previous studies, accomplished by Mackey (1996), determined the location and season for the strongest and most coherent 3 to 8 day filtered PW signal. NCEP/NCAR reanalysis (2.50 resolution) provides data for a use study analysis of seven prominent anomalous PW events during the period. Six case wind field composite analysis is accomplished with both actual winds and reduced shear winds (zonal mean removed at each latitude band). Case study analysis revealed a doppler shifted propagating Rossby Wave (k = 6, c =-5 m/sec) at 500hPa and 250hPa that moved onto the west African coast imbedded within a mean zonal flow of approximately 17 m/sec. The wave then moved east across the continent at approximately 12 m/sec near 20ON. The wave's associated cusp-like feature adverts deep tropical moisture northward, resulting in Mackey's PW anomaly. Analysis of potential vorticity, specific humidity, temperature, and wind field composites at 850hPa, 500hPa and 250hPa fit well within the range of Rossby wave structure. Descriptive statistical analysis established confidence intervals for the composites at two resolutions within the localized grid (20OW to 40oE 00 to 30ON). A sample structure of the anomalies is displayed for each variable found to be statistically significant. The strongest correlation between observed PW and analyzed specific humidity and temperature is observed at 500mb and 250mb. Composite analysis of specific humidity and the appropriate standard deviation field supports this finding. PW amounts much greater than the climate mean state over the Gulf of Guinea are found within the PW anomaly structure, indicating an additional moisture source, possibly convection enhanced by the wave passage. 850mb upward vertical motion is also found to be slightly enhanced due to the anomalous flow associated with the wave passage. An empirical model is provided showing a four stage development of the PW anomalies during the five primary days of their life cycle and days prior.

Patla, Jason Eddy

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa 1995-2004 spain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Joint implementation initiatives in South Africa: A case study of two energy-efficiency projects  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper explores the issues pertinent to Joint Implementation (JI) in South Africa by examining two prototype potential projects on energy efficiency with the potential for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The first is an energy-efficient lighting project based on the public electricity utility, Eskom's plan for a compact fluorescent lighting program in the residential sector. The analysis indicates that the CFL program could avoid emissions of up to 243 thousand tons of carbon over the first five years, at negative cost (that is, with a positive economic return). The second project involves the delivery of passive solar, energy-efficient housing to a low-income township in the Western Cape Province, at an incremental capital cost of approximately $2.5m for the 6000 houses. In this case, the avoided GHG emissions over the first five years amount to between 14 and 20 tons of carbon, and over the 50 year life-span of the project it will result to 140 to 200 thousand tons of avoided emissions at a cost of $13 to $17 per ton. The housing project has significant non-GHG benefits such as savings on energy bills and health, which accrue to the low-income dwellers. A number of important JI-specific issues and concerns emerge with respect to the two projects, which can also be applied to other potential JI opportunities in the country generally. These include the issues of carbon credit sharing, for which a number of scenarios are suggested, as well as estimating unknown macroeconomic impacts, such as the effects of CFLs on the country's incandescent lighting industry. Findings from an examination of both potential projects conclude that capacity-building within the country is critical to ensure that the technology being transferred balances efficiency, cost and quality appropriate to the South African context. Finally, assessment and evaluation, monitoring and verification criteria and institutions are called for to guarantee measurable long-term environmental, economic and other non-GHG related benefits of potential JI projects.

Van Horen, C.; Simmonds, G.; Parker, G.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Nitrogen and phosphorus dynamics in tropical soils of Mali, West Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Low soil fertility is one of the major biophysical constraints affecting African agriculture. Phosphorus and nitrogen are the two most common limiting nutrients. Before fertility amendment recommendations are made a soil's natural nutrient availability should be assessed. In 1998, soil samples were collected at Cinzana, Mali, West Africa for the purpose of documenting the seasonal dynamics of soil nitrogen and phosphorus in two soils after nine years under five crop management systems. The cropping systems are: continuous grain (sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) or millet (Pennisetum glaucum)), continuous grain with stalk residue returned to the field every second year, grain in rotation with cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), grain in rotation with a sesbania (Sesbania rostrata) green manure crop, and grain in rotation with a dolichos (Dolichos lablab) green manure crop. Nitrogen availability graphs showed an inorganic nitrogen flush early in the rainy season in both soils. Extractable N concentration in a loamy sand soil peaked around 10-15 mg N kg? soil or 15-22 kg N in the upper 10 cm of soil ha?. The inorganic N concentration declined four weeks after the onset of the rainy season. Extractable N concentration in the clay soil reached a maximum of 22-34 mg N kg? soil or 33-51 kg N in the upper 10 cm of soil ha?. In the clay soil the high N concentrations associated with the early season flush lasted eight weeks after the onset of the rain. Further improvement of cereal grain yield may not be possible by rotation with sesbania and dolichos green manure or cowpea without additional nutrient input. Nitrogen and P return through rotation crops and crop residue is low. Phosphorous Bray-1 measurements fluctuated by 1.43 mg P kg? in the clay soil in 1998. Soil P availability in the clay soil was not influenced by the crop management systems. Bray-1 P measurements in loamy sand soil five months after Tilemsi phosphate rock application were surprisingly significantly lower than before application. Findings from this study can be used to make future crop management recommendations in the Cinzana, Mali, region.

Blanton-Knewtson, Sharon Joy

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in leachates from selected landfill sites in South Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The last few decades have seen dramatic growth in the scale of production and the use of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) as flame retardants. Consequently, PBDEs such as BDE -28, -47, -66, -71, -75, -77, -85, -99, -100, -119, -138, -153, -154, and -183 have been detected in various environmental matrices. Generally, in South Africa, once the products containing these chemicals have outlived their usefulness, they are discarded into landfill sites. Consequently, the levels of PBDEs in leachates from landfill sites may give an indication of the general exposure and use of these compounds. The present study was aimed at determining the occurrence and concentrations of most common PBDEs in leachates from selected landfill sites. The extraction capacities of the solvents were also tested. Spiked landfill leachate samples were used for the recovery tests. Separation and determination of the PBDE congeners were carried out with a gas chromatograph equipped with Ni{sup 63} electron capture detector. The mean percentage recoveries ranged from 63% to 108% (n = 3) for landfill leachate samples with petroleum ether giving the highest percentage extraction. The mean concentrations of PBDEs obtained ranged from ND to 2670 pg l{sup -1}, ND to 6638 pg l{sup -1}, ND to 7230 pg l{sup -1}, 41 to 4009 pg l{sup -1}, 90 to 9793 pg l{sup -1} for the Garankuwa, Hatherly, Kwaggarsrand, Soshanguve and Temba landfill sites, respectively. Also BDE -28, -47, -71 and BDE-77 were detected in the leachate samples from all the landfill sites; and all the congeners were detected in two of the oldest landfill sites. The peak concentrations were recorded for BDE-47 at three sites and BDE-71 and BDE-75 at two sites. The highest concentration, 9793 {+-} 1.5 pg l{sup -1}, was obtained for the Temba landfill site with the highest BOD value. This may suggest some influence of organics on the level of PBDEs. Considering the leaching characteristics of brominated flame retardants, there is a high possibility that with time these compounds may infiltrate into the groundwater around the sites since most of the sites are not adequately lined.

Odusanya, David O. [Department of Environmental, Water and Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, Tshwane University of Technology, Private Bag X680, 175 Nelson Mandela Drive, Arcadia, Pretoria 0001 (South Africa); Okonkwo, Jonathan O. [Department of Environmental, Water and Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, Tshwane University of Technology, Private Bag X680, 175 Nelson Mandela Drive, Arcadia, Pretoria 0001 (South Africa)], E-mail: OkonkwoOJ@tut.ac.za; Botha, Ben [Department of Environmental, Water and Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, Tshwane University of Technology, Private Bag X680, 175 Nelson Mandela Drive, Arcadia, Pretoria 0001 (South Africa)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

444

Joint implementation initiatives in South Africa: A case study of two energy-efficiency projects  

SciTech Connect

This paper explores the issues pertinent to Joint Implementation (JI) in South Africa by examining two prototype potential projects on energy efficiency with the potential for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The first is an energy-efficient lighting project based on the public electricity utility, Eskom's plan for a compact fluorescent lighting program in the residential sector. The analysis indicates that the CFL program could avoid emissions of up to 243 thousand tons of carbon over the first five years, at negative cost (that is, with a positive economic return). The second project involves the delivery of passive solar, energy-efficient housing to a low-income township in the Western Cape Province, at an incremental capital cost of approximately $2.5m for the 6000 houses. In this case, the avoided GHG emissions over the first five years amount to between 14 and 20 tons of carbon, and over the 50 year life-span of the project it will result to 140 to 200 thousand tons of avoided emissions at a cost of $13 to $17 per ton. The housing project has significant non-GHG benefits such as savings on energy bills and health, which accrue to the low-income dwellers. A number of important JI-specific issues and concerns emerge with respect to the two projects, which can also be applied to other potential JI opportunities in the country generally. These include the issues of carbon credit sharing, for which a number of scenarios are suggested, as well as estimating unknown macroeconomic impacts, such as the effects of CFLs on the country's incandescent lighting industry. Findings from an examination of both potential projects conclude that capacity-building within the country is critical to ensure that the technology being transferred balances efficiency, cost and quality appropriate to the South African context. Finally, assessment and evaluation, monitoring and verification criteria and institutions are called for to guarantee measurable long-term environmental, economic and other non-GHG related benefits of potential JI projects.

Van Horen, C.; Simmonds, G.; Parker, G.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Spatially explicit, individual-based modelling of pastoralists' mobility in the rangelands of east Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An agent based-model of mobility of pastoralists was developed and applied to the semi-arid rangeland region extending from southern Ethiopia to northern Kenya. This model was used to investigate temporal adaptation of pastoralists to the spatial heterogeneity of their environment. This dissertation describes the development, structure, and corroboration process of the simulation model, Pastoral Livestock Movement Model (PLMMO). PLMMO is a spatially explicit, individual-based pastoralists-animal foraging and movement model. It simultaneously simulates the foraging and movement behavior of individual pastoralists and their livestock in a rangeland ecosystem. Pastoralists?? herd mobility patterns and other measures of movement were compared to data from field studies. Predictions of the model correspond to observed mobility patterns across seasons. The distances moved were found to be significantly correlated (r2 = 0.927 to 0.977, pmodel therefore proved to be a useful tool for simulating general movement patterns of pastoralists relative to movement range sizes in the pastoral rangelands of southern Ethiopia and northern Kenya. We then used the PLMMO model to explore the impact of emerging changes in rangeland use in the study area. The ways in which pastoralists?? mobility patterns adapt to emerging challenges in the study area were explored by simulating the following four scenarios: 1) climate change with concomitant reduction in forage yield, 2) climate change with concomitant improvement and higher variability in forage yield, 3) increased livestock population densities and 4) improved access to water. The climate induced change scenario with increased and more variable forage production resulted in the shortest distances moved by pastoralists in comparison to all other scenarios. The total search distances under this scenario were only 20% of normal season distances. The improved water access scenario also returned a significant (p=0.017) drop in distances moved. There was, however, no significant impact on either increase in livestock numbers or reduction in available forage on mobility. We judged the agent-based model PLMMO developed here as a robust system for emulating pastoral mobility in the rangelands of eastern Africa and for exploring the consequences of climate change and adaptive management scenarios.

MacOpiyo, Laban Adero

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Weather Data Viewer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Russia South Africa Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Related Links Weather Data Viewer Weather Data Viewer logo. Displays actual design values, coincident...

447

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: CYPE-Building Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Germany India Ireland Israel Italy Japan Netherlands New Zealand Portugal Russia South Africa Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Related Links CYPE-Building...

448

Algeria ",263,"-",263  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

" "Peru ",34,"-",55," " "Portugal South Africa ",-65,"719 -","719 65 "," " "South Korea ",280,761,1040," " "Spain ",1295,84,1379," " "Sweden ",728,"-",728," " "Taiwan...

449

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Indoor Humidity Tools  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Africa Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Related Links Indoor Humidity Tools Indoor Humidity Tools logo. Integrated computer program intended to assist in...

450

WorldWideScience.org | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mexico, Nepal, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sierra Leone, Spain,...

451

Dynamical seasonal climate prediction using an ocean-atmosphere coupled climate model developed in partnership between South Africa and the IRI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The resent increase in availability of high-performance computing (HPC) resources in South Africa allowed the development of an Ocean-Atmosphere coupled general circulation model (OAGCM). The ECHAM4.5-MOM3-SA is the first OAGCM to be developed in ...

Asmerom F. Beraki; David G. DeWitt; Willem A. Landman; Cobus Olivier

452

Dynamics and Predictability of a Heavy Dry-Season Precipitation Event over West AfricaSensitivity Experiments with a Global Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In January 2002 the Cape Verde region in tropical West Africa was hit by an exceptionally heavy precipitation event. Rain rates of up to 116 mm (48 h)?1 caused harmful impacts on the local population. The rainfall was triggered by a series of two ...

Florian Meier; Peter Knippertz

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

e-Governance in Africa, from theory to action: a practical-oriented research and case studies on ICTs for local governance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper is an extract of the Research on "e-Governance in Africa: from theory to action: a practical-oriented research and case studies on ICTs for Local Governance", that is being conducted by the author within the framework of the "Executive Master ... Keywords: ICTs, e-governance, e-government, local governance

Gianluca Carlo Misuraca

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Bookstore orders from the United Kingdom, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, India, and Pakistan and all sales enquiries should be directed to our United Kingdom distributor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bookstore orders from the United Kingdom, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, India, and Pakistan Kingdom Tel: +44 207 515 1011 peter@jjacques.demon.co.uk Pakistan-- Saleem A. Malik World Press 27-1 Al Firdous Avenue Faiz Road, Muslim Town Lahore 54600 Punjab, Pakistan Tel: +92 042 3588 1617 worldpress

Landweber, Laura

455

The spatial distribution of mineral dust and its shortwave radiative forcing over North Africa: Modeling sensitivities to dust emissions and aerosol size treatments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fully coupled meteorology-chemistry-aerosol model (WRF-Chem) with the implementation of two dust emission schemes (GOCART and DUSTRAN) into two aerosol models (MADE/SORGAM and MOSAIC) is applied over North Africa to investigate the modeling sensitivities to dust emissions and aerosol size treatments in simulating mineral dust and its shortwave (SW) radiative forcing. Model results of the spatial distribution of mineral dust and its radiative forcing are evaluated using measurements from the AMMA SOP0 campaign in January and February of 2006 over North Africa. Our study suggests that the size distribution of emitted dust can result in significant differences (up to 100%) in simulating mineral dust and its SW radiative forcing. With the same dust emission and dry deposition processes, two aerosol models, MADE/SORGAM and MOSAIC, can yield large difference in size distributions of dust particles due to their different aerosol size treatments using modal and sectional approaches respectively. However, the difference between the two aerosol models in simulating the mass concentrations and the SW radiative forcing of mineral dust is small (< 10%). The model simulations show that mineral dust increases AOD by a factor of 2, heats the lower atmosphere (1-3 km) with a maximum rate of 0.7?0.5 K day-1 below 1 km, and reduces the downwelling SW radiation by up to 25 W m-2 on 24-hour average at surface, highlighting the importance of including dust radiative impact in understanding the regional climate of North Africa. When compared to the available measurements, WRF-Chem simulations can generally capture the measured features of mineral dust and its radiative properties over North Africa, suggesting that the model can be used to perform more extensive simulations of regional climate over North Africa.

Zhao, Chun; Liu, Xiaohong; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Johnson, Ben; McFarlane, Sally A.; Gustafson, William I.; Fast, Jerome D.; Easter, Richard C.

2010-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

456

Cathodoluminescence Microscopy and Spectroscopy of Planar Deformation Features of Shocked Zircon from the Vredefort Impact Structure, South Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thorough understanding of the shock metamorphic signatures of zircon will provide a basis for the application of this mineral as a powerful tool for the study of terrestrial impact structures and formations. This paper of the cathodoluminescence (CL) spectroscopic signatures of naturally shocked zircon crystals from the Vredefort Dome, South Africa contributes to the understanding of the formation of microdeformation in zircon under very high pressures. All investigated shocked samples shows an inverse relationship between the brightness of the backscattered electron (BSE) signal and the corresponding cathodoluminescence intensity of the zonation patterns. The CL spectra of samples are characterised by narrow emission lines and broad bands in the region of visible light and in the near-ultraviolet range. The emission lines result from rare earth element activators and the broad bands are associated with lattice defects. The results show a clear relationship between the CL properties of zircon and shock pressure, which confirm the possible use of these methods as shock indicators.

Gucsik, A. [Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Department of Geochemistry, Joh-J.-Becherweg 27. Universitaetcampus, Mainz, D-55128 (Germany)

2009-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

457

Quantification of greenhouse gas emissions from waste management processes for municipalities - A comparative review focusing on Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The amount of greenhouse gases (GHG) emitted due to waste management in the cities of developing countries is predicted to rise considerably in the near future; however, these countries have a series of problems in accounting and reporting these gases. Some of these problems are related to the status quo of waste management in the developing world and some to the lack of a coherent framework for accounting and reporting of greenhouse gases from waste at municipal level. This review summarizes and compares GHG emissions from individual waste management processes which make up a municipal waste management system, with an emphasis on developing countries and, in particular, Africa. It should be seen as a first step towards developing a more holistic GHG accounting model for municipalities. The comparison between these emissions from developed and developing countries at process level, reveals that there is agreement on the magnitude of the emissions expected from each process (generation of waste, collection and transport, disposal and recycling). The highest GHG savings are achieved through recycling, and these savings would be even higher in developing countries which rely on coal for energy production (e.g. South Africa, India and China) and where non-motorized collection and transport is used. The highest emissions are due to the methane released by dumpsites and landfills, and these emissions are predicted to increase significantly, unless more of the methane is captured and either flared or used for energy generation. The clean development mechanism (CDM) projects implemented in the developing world have made some progress in this field; however, African countries lag behind.

Friedrich, Elena, E-mail: Friedriche@ukzn.ac.za [CRECHE Centre for Research in Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Surveying and Construction, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Howard College Campus, Durban (South Africa); Trois, Cristina [CRECHE Centre for Research in Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Surveying and Construction, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Howard College Campus, Durban (South Africa)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

458

Vertical distribution and radiative effects of mineral dust and biomass burning aerosol over West Africa during DABEX  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents measurements of the vertical distribution of aerosol extinction coefficient over West Africa, during the Dust and Biomass burning aerosol Experiment (DABEX) / African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis dry season Special Observing period zero (AMMA-SOP0). In situ aircraft measurements from the UK FAAM aircraft are compared with two ground based lidars (POLIS and ARM MPL) and an airborne lidar on an ultra-light aircraft. In general mineral dust was observed at low altitudes (up to 2km) and a mixture of biomass burning aerosol and dust was observed at altitudes of 2-5km. The study exposes difficulties associated with spatial and temporal variability when inter-comparing aircraft and ground measurements. Averaging over many profiles provided a better means of assessing consistent errors and biases associated with in situ sampling instruments and retrievals of lidar ratios. Shortwave radiative transfer calculations and a 3-year simulation with the HadGEM2-A climate model show that the radiative effect of biomass burning aerosol is somewhat sensitive to the vertical distribution of aerosol. Results show a 15% increase in absorption of solar radiation by elevated biomass burning aerosol when the observed low-level dust layer is included as part of the background atmospheric state in the model. This illustrates that the radiative forcing of anthropogenic absorbing aerosol is sensitive to the treatment of other aerosol species and that care is needed in simulating natural aerosols assumed to exist in the pre-industrial, or natural state of the atmosphere.

Johnson, Ben; Heese, B.; McFarlane, Sally A.; Chazette, P.; Jones, A.; Bellouin, N.

2008-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

459

ALICANTE-SPAIN International Symposium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as a fuel source is oil shale; although the concentration of carbon in these samples is rather small by Resing et al. (1978) on other oil shales. In addition to fuel source materials, waste materials can also

Ferreira, Márcia M. C.

460

Deep water deposits of the Tanqua and Laingsburg subbasins, southwest Karoo Basin, South Africa: Analog for the Gulf of Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Tanqua and Laingsburg subbasins in South Africa had near-contemporaneous formation and filling and contain Permian-age basin-floor and slope fans that display characteristics similar to deposits in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Outcrop area for each subbasin is about 650 km{sup 2} and individual fans range from 150 to 450 km{sup 2} with lateral continuity of individual fans up to 34 km. Both subbasins were influenced in their formation and in the architecture of their deposits by structures and events associated with the Cape Fold Belt. These fans most likely had a single point source which migrated over the time of basin fill. Unrestricted deposition suggests an open basin depositional setting. The Laingsburg subbasin was strongly influenced by the tectonism associated with the Cape Fold Belt. Deposition occurred in a deeper and narrower basin and the deposits, except for the overlying deltaics cannot be correlated with those of the Tanqua subbasin. The two subbasins, while associated with an active margin, were likely filled at slightly different times. Both had a distant source area which led to deposits exhibiting characteristics of a passive margin depositional environment. Understanding the evolution of the subbasins and the tectonic conditions under which the submarine fans were deposited leads to the determination of the mechanisms that influenced the formation of the fans and their resulting architecture. These fans permit detailed studies on their architecture necessary to (1) increase our understanding of fine-grained, {open_quotes}low{close_quotes} sandstone/shale ratio fans, (2) determine influences of paleostructures and tectonics on basin fill, (3) carry out detailed reservoir simulation programs, and (4) make predictive models of deep-water sands in the northern Gulf of Mexico.

Scott, E.D. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa 1995-2004 spain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

NREL Response to the Report 'Study of the Effects on Employment of Public Aid to Renewable Energy Sources' from King Juan Carlos University (Spain) (White Paper)  

SciTech Connect

Job generation has been a part of the national dialogue surrounding energy policy and renewable energy (RE) for many years. RE advocates tout the ability of renewable energy to support new job opportunities in rural America and the manufacturing sector. Others argue that spending on renewable energy is an inefficient allocation of resources and can result in job losses in the broader economy. The report, Study of the Effects on Employment of Public Aid to Renewable Energy Sources, from King Juan Carlos University in Spain, is one recent addition to this debate. This report asserts that, on average, every renewable energy job in Spain 'destroyed' 2.2 jobs in the broader Spanish economy. The authors also apply this ratio to the U.S. context to estimate expected job loss from renewable energy development and policy in the United States. This memo discusses fundamental and technical limitations of the analysis by King Juan Carlos University and notes critical assumptions implicit in the ultimate conclusions of their work. The memo also includes a review of traditional employment impact analyses that rely on accepted, peer-reviewed methodologies, and it highlights specific variables that can significantly influence the results of traditional employment impact analysis.

Lantz, E.; Tegen, S.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Special Naphthas Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Import Area: Download Series History: Definitions ... 51: 81: 136: 1995-2012: Netherlands Antilles : 1995-2004: Philippines : 14 : 2010-2010: Portugal: 6: 12

463

Quiet Confrontations: Transnational Advocacy Networks, Local Churches, and the Pursuit of Religious Freedoms in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1995, 2004. Governing China: from Revolution through Reform.British Protestant Missionaries in China: 1945- 1952, N.J. :governmental Organizations in China: the Rise of Dependent

Wang, Yun

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Validation of TRMM and Other Rainfall Estimates with a High-Density Gauge Dataset for West Africa. Part I: Validation of GPCC Rainfall Product and Pre-TRMM Satellite and Blended Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gauge data over North Africa are used to provide an assessment of satellite and blended rainfall products for 198894 and for 1998. A comparison is also made with the Global Precipitation Climatology Center (GPCC) gauge dataset. For the 198894 ...

S. E. Nicholson; B. Some; J. McCollum; E. Nelkin; D. Klotter; Y. Berte; B. M. Diallo; I. Gaye; G. Kpabeba; O. Ndiaye; J. N. Noukpozounkou; M. M. Tanu; A. Thiam; A. A. Toure; A. K. Traore

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Dust Aerosol Impact on North Africa Climate: A GCM Investigation of Aerosol-Cloud-Radiation Interactions Using A-Train Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The climatic effects of dust aerosols in North Africa have been investigated using the atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) developed at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). The model includes an efficient and physically based radiation parameterization scheme developed specifically for application to clouds and aerosols. Parameterization of the effective ice particle size in association with the aerosol indirect effect based on cloud and aerosol data retrieved from A-Train satellite observations have been employed in the climate model simulations. Offline simulations reveal that the direct solar, IR, and net forcings by dust aerosols generally increase with increasing aerosol optical depth (AOD). When the dust semi-direct effect is included with the presence of ice clouds, positive IR radiative forcing is enhanced, since ice clouds trap substantial IR radiation, while the positive solar forcing with dust aerosols alone has been changed to negative values due to the strong reflection of solar radiation by clouds, indicating that cloud forcing could exceed aerosol forcing. With the aerosol indirect effect, the net cloud forcing is generally reduced for ice water path (IWP) larger than 20 g m-2. The magnitude of the reduction increases with IWP. AGCM simulations show that the reduced ice crystal mean effective size due to the aerosol first indirect effect result in less OLR and net solar flux at the top of the atmosphere over the cloudy area of the North Africa region because ice clouds with smaller size trap more IR radiation and reflect more solar radiation. The precipitation in the same area, however, increases due to the aerosol indirect effect on ice clouds, corresponding to the enhanced convection as indicated by reduced OLR. The increased precipitation seems to be associated with enhanced ice water contents in this region. The 200 mb radiative heating rate shows more cooling with the aerosol indirect effect since greater cooling is produced at the cloud top with smaller ice crystal size. The 500 mb omega indicates strong upward motion, which, together with the increased cooling effect, results in the increased ice water contents. Adding the aerosol direct effect into the model simulation reduces the precipitation in the normal rainfall band over North Africa, where precipitation is shifted to the south and the northeast produced by the absorption of sunlight and the subsequent heating of the air column by dust particles. As a result, rainfall is drawn further inland to the northeast. This study represents the first attempt to quantify the climate impact of aerosol indirect effect using a GCM in connection with A-train satellite data. The parameterization for the aerosol first indirect effect developed in this study can be readily incorporated for application to any other GCMs.

Gu, Y.; Liou, K. N.; Jiang, Jonathan; Su, Hui; Liu, Xiaohong

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

466

Web: www.gwu.edu/~iiepISRAEL MIDDLE EAST NORTH AFRICA (MENA) TRADE: IS THERE ANY TRUTH TO THE NEG THEORY AS APPLIED TO THE ISRAEL-JORDAN QIZs?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The existence of bilateral Israel- Middle East and North Africa (MENA) trade in the 20 th century was an oxymoron. That fact has not hindered some states to tinker with rules or origin and tariff barriers in order to engineer a new reality. The Clintons administrations Qualifying Industrial Zone (QIZ) initiative is just such a case. (Singer, 2003) Apart from the standard paradigm that

Joseph Pelzman; Joseph Pelzman

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: SOLAR-5  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

South Africa Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Related Links SOLAR-5 SOLAR-5 logo. Displays 3-D plots of hourly energy performance for the whole building or...

468

U.S. Liquefied Petroleum Gases Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Singapore : 2007-2007: South Africa : 2006-2006: Spain: 38 : 1995-2013: Sweden : 1995-2009: Switzerland : 2008-2008: Taiwan: 75 : 2011-2013: Trinidad and Tobago :

469

U.S. Liquefied Petroleum Gases Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Singapore : 2007-2007: South Africa : 2006-2006: Spain: 1 : 1995-2013: Sweden : 1995-2009: Switzerland : 2008-2008: Taiwan: 2 : 2011-2013: Trinidad and Tobago :

470

U.S. Waxes Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Singapore: 5 : 23 : 2004-2011: South Africa: 95: 95: 77: 73: 84: 83: 2004-2012: Spain: 2 : 2006-2007: Taiwan: 13: 19 : 25: 25: 10: 2006-2012: Thailand : 5: 33: 55: 5 ...

471

U.S. Residual Fuel Oil Imports - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Singapore: 250 : 217: 431: 449 : 1993-2011: South Africa : 175: 2005-2012: Spain: 2,035: 2,598: 1,142: 167: 315: 82: 1993-2012: Spatly Islands : 2004-2004: Sweden ...

472

U.S. Residual Fuel Oil Imports - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Singapore : 1993-2011: South Africa: 87 : 2005-2013: Spain : 1993-2012: Spatly Islands : 2004-2004: Sweden : 285: 36: 1: 4 : 1994-2013: Switzerland : 2000-2005: Syria

473

Distillate Fuel Oil, 15 ppm and under Sulfur Exports by Destination  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Singapore : 284: 0: 323: 414: 2009-2012: Slovenia : 18: 119: 1,105: 150: 2009-2012: South Africa : 0: 856 : 2010-2011: Spain : 2,699: 539: 4,581: 5,518: 2009-2012 ...

474

U.S. Residual Fuel Oil Imports - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Singapore: 1 : 1: 1: 1 : 1993-2011: South Africa : 0: 2005-2012: Spain: 6: 7: 3: 0: 1: 0: 1993-2012: Spatly Islands : 2004-2004: Sweden: 4: 1: 1: 4: 6: 2: 1994-2012 ...

475

Seismic interpretation and regional geologic correlation established for offshore Togo, West Africa: a preliminary evaluation of hydrocarbon potential in deep water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Offshore Togo, West Africa provides exciting potential for hydrocarbon exploration. Previous exploration is limited to four wells, drilled prior to 1986 in shallow water. This investigation focuses on a 625 km section of 3100 km of high quality 3-D seismic data acquired by Petroleum Geo-Services Inc. (PGS), Houston, Texas. The study area ranges from approximately 180 m - 2500 m water depth. Research included regional geologic correlation, seismic interpretation, and structural modeling of the major fault systems and unconformities. Proven source and reservoir formations from existing oil and gas fields in neighboring countries are analogous to formations identified on seismic for offshore Togo. Structures suitable for hydrocarbon accumulation were identified on seismic within potentially productive formations. Based on the correlations, seismic interpretation and modeling, four possible exploration prospects were identified. The prospects were ranked according to exploration potential based on structural characteristics and original oil in place (OOIP) calculations. The existence of suitable structures for hydrocarbon accumulation in potentially productive formations makes offshore Togo highly prospective.

Gray, Max Daniel

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Distribution of calcretes and gypcretes in southwestern United States and their uranium favorability, based on a study of deposits in Western Australia and South West Africa (Namibia)  

SciTech Connect

Calcrete, dolocrete, and gypcrete carnotite are abundant in western Australia and Namib Desert, although only a few are of ore grade. The geology of these deposits are described. A genetic classification of calcretes emphasizing uranium favorability was developed, based on the distinction between pedogenic and nonpedogenic processes. Similarities between western Australia and South West Africa give support for the conclusions that lateral transport of U in groundwater is essential to ore deposition and that bedrock barriers or constrictions which narrow the channel of subsurface flow or force the water close to the land surface, greatly favor the formation of uraniferous calcretes. Criteria for uranium favorability deduced from the Australian and South West African studies were applied in a preliminary way to the southern Basin and Range Province of U.S. The procedure is to search for areas in which nonpedogenic calcrete or gypcrete may have developed. A caliche distribution map was compiled from soil survey and field data. Many areas were visited and some of the more interesting are described briefly, including parts of Clark County, Nevada, with occurrences of carnotite in calcrete. (DLC)

Carlisle, D.; Merifield, P.M.; Orme, A.R.; Kohl, M.S.; Kolker, O.; Lunt, O.R.

1978-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

477

Midwest (PADD 2) Imports from Spain  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

478

U.S. Imports from Spain  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

479

XIII REPSOLYPF-HARVARD SEMINAR SALAMANCA, SPAIN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, are inefficient, such as Mexico's Pemex and, now, Venezuela's PDVSA following President Hugo Chavez's coming

Deutch, John

480

Precipitation Patterns in West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional precipitation analysis from a total of 813 recording stations in 11 West African countries for the drought period 196875 is presented. Results illustrate the severity and extent of meteorological drought which prevailed throughout the ...

Raymond P. Motha; Sharon K. Leduc; Louis T. Steyaert; Clarence M. Sakamoto; Norton D. Strommen

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "africa 1995-2004 spain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Fire Studies in Southern Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transect | Kalahari Transect Sites for Canopy Structure Data | ORNL DAAC Home || ORNL Home || NASA || Privacy, Security, Notices || Data Citation || Rate Us || Help | User...

482

Improving the Carbon Dioxide Emission Estimates from the Combustion of Fossil Fuels in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gas Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases. Washington, DC:Input and Output at Refineries, 1995 - 2004. Sacramento, CA:www.energy.ca.gov/oil/refinery_output/index.html California

de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Current Plans for the ARA Autonomous  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current Plans for the ARA Autonomous Renewable Power (AARP) Station 27 May, 2010 Current Plans for the ARA Autonomous Renewable Power (AARP) Station 27 May, 2010 Participants: Ken Ratzlaff, Andrew;Turbine Aerogen 6 (UK) Ampair 600 (UK) (US --Norman, OK) (Canada ­ Sask) (South Africa) (Spain) (China

Peterson, Blake R.

484

Pro-Nazi Subversion in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is Hans Strydom, For Volk and Fuhrer: Robey Leibbrandl and35 See relevant chapters of For Volk and Fuhrer. 36 Lawrenceneeded by the Afrikaner volk. , supplementing each other. 22

Furlong, Patrick J.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Race and Economics in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transvaal constitution: "The volk shall not suffer equalityBelgian Congo. The word volk has been wrongly translatedby some to mean "people" - volk here means the Afrikaner

Gottschalk, Keith

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

ProfilbildenderForschungsbereich ndCreativityinAfrica  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. We consider: (i) the Multiple-Choice Knap- sack Problem (MCKP) and (ii) the Multiple-Choice Subset

Schüler, Axel

487

Solar Light for Africa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs Utilities Water Wind Page Actions View form View source History View New...

488

Countries Emerging East Africa Energy Overview  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

regulations for exploration, production, and transportation of liquid, as well as solid and gaseous hydrocarbons in Madagascar. OMNIS grants exploration, production, and

489

Middle East North Africa (MENA) Quality Infrastructure ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... issues, such as technologies for water security, sustainable energy, and building ... Uhle National Institute of Standards and Technology Office of the ...

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

490

U.S. Imports from South Africa  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

491

Mesoscale Convective Complexes over Southern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The maximum spatial correlation technique (MASCOTTE) is an objective and automated method developed to simultaneously determine both the structural properties and evolution (tracking) of cloud shields of convective systems. Originally designed to ...

R. C. Blamey; C. J. C. Reason

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

SCIENCE RESEARCH POLICY IN SOUTH AFRICA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 19.2.4 Forest Biome Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 19.2.5 Karoo Biome Project

Blake, Edwin

493

W. Africa Crude Destinations - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

In the 1995-1996 period, light-heavy crude oil differentials expanded as the light crude surpluses in the Atlantic Basin began to move to the Asian market, which was ...

494

SCIENCE RESEARCH POLICY IN SOUTH AFRICA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205 20.6.1 Freshwater Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205 20.6.2 Marine Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 20.6.3 Coastal Zone Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 20.6.4 Terrestrial Systems the fast increase in the use of lasers, which leads both to completely new products, from CD players

Blake, Edwin

495

Biotechnology Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and 1987, world yields for sorghum and millet increased 46%on African crops such as sorghum and cassava. As so-called introduced semi- dwarf sorghum produces 3 times the previous

Midling, Michael B

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2009 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2009 Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2009 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2009 Agency/Company /Organization: European Environment Agency Topics: Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Maps Website: www.eea.europa.eu/publications/eea_report_2009_9 Country: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Ireland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom UN Region: "Western & Eastern Europe" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

497

Spatial Estimation of Reference Evapotranspiration in Andalusia, Spain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Knowledge of the spatial and temporal distribution of reference crop evapotranspiration (ET0) is of interest for regional water resources management, especially in areas of the world where fine-tuning of agricultural water demands over large ...

Karl Vanderlinden; Juan Vicente Girldez; Marc Van Meirvenne

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Grid4EU (Smart Grid Project) (Spain) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and technologies in order to highlight and help to remove some of the barriers to the smart grids deployment (technical, economic, societal, environmental or regulatory). It...

499

DOE Solar Decathlon: Team Spain: Tracking the Sun  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Houses Now? Arizona Cornell Illinois Iowa State Kentucky Minnesota Ohio State Penn State Puerto Rico Rice Team Alberta Team Boston Team California Team Germany Team Missouri Team...

500

Solar Radiation Mapping from NOAA AVHRR Data in Catalonia, Spain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A statistical model is presented for the determination of hourly global solar radiation from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration advanced very high resolution radiometer (NOAA AVHRR) satellite data, which provide wide coverage ...

Henry Flores Tovar; Jose M. Baldasano

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z