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1

Saudi Arabia Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates Oman China Turkmenistan Turkey Tajikistan United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar Uzbekistan Eritrea Bahrain 02858 00707 #12;Iran Saudi Arabia Oman Pakistan AfghanistanIraq Yemen United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar

Russell, Lynn

2

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria iraq kuwait Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 To: All SEVIS Users Date: May 5, 2011 Summary: , Algeria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Egypt, Eritrea, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya Source: Capecchi,...

3

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria iraq jordan Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(NonApproved)** Albania Algeria Armenia Azerbaijan Bahrain Cambodia... Columbia Cuba Egypt Ethiopia Federal Republic of Yugoslavia India Indonesia Iran Israel Jordan... Georgia...

4

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria cuba indonesia Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Guinea Guinea Bissau Guyana Haiti Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Romania Russia Rwanda Samoa... Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Angola Antigua Argentina...

5

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria bangladesh egypt Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Guinea Guinea Bissau Guyana Haiti Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Romania Russia Rwanda Samoa... Sinapore Slovakia Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakstan Kenya Bangladesh...

6

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria bangladesh cuba Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Guinea Guinea Bissau Guyana Haiti Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Romania Russia Rwanda Samoa... Sinapore Slovakia Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakstan Kenya Bangladesh...

7

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria australia austria Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Guinea Guinea Bissau Guyana Haiti Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Romania Russia Rwanda Samoa Source: Alechina, Natasha - School of Computer Science, University of...

8

AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Peru Comoros China, Hong Kong SAR Suriname Congo, Dem. Rep. (Kinshasa) China, Macau SAR Uruguay Congo

Oxford, University of

9

U.S. cuts UNESCO funding after Palestinian membership vote  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resources." Ban said he had no further comment, although he noted "the urgency of a negotiated solution;Yes: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh

10

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Pakistan Ummah Tameer E-Nau (UTN) N 4 United Arab Emirates Energy Global International FZE B,C,M,N 5 United Arab Emirates International General Resourcing FZE M 6 United Arab Emirates Modern Technologies FZC (MTFZC) N 7 United Arab Emirates Petroiran Development Company (PEDCO

Takada, Shoji

11

Afghanistan's energy and natural resources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study provides a resource perspective from which to better plan the necessary steps toward the viable reconstruction and economic development of post war Afghanistan. The vast availability of natural resources affords the opportunity to formulate a framework upon which Afghanistan can grow and prosper in the future. The paper includes the following sections: Historical Overview: Thwarted Opportunities; Natural Resources: A Survey of Possibilities; The Future: Post War Rehabilitation and Reconstruction; and Conclusions: Future Energy Sources.

Balcome-Rawding, R.; Porter, K.C.

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria libya morocco Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

algeria libya morocco Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: algeria libya morocco Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Algeria Gambia Nigeria...

13

AFGHANISTAN'S OTHER NEIGHBORS: IRAN, CENTRAL ASIA, AND CHINA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AFGHANISTAN'S OTHER NEIGHBORS: IRAN, CENTRAL ASIA, AND CHINA CONFERENCE REPORT Organized ...................................................................4 AFGHANISTAN AND IRAN ...........................................................................................6 Cultural Issues: Fear of Iran's Shadow

Spence, Harlan Ernest

14

E-Print Network 3.0 - afghanistan war poses Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for: afghanistan war poses Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 AFGHANISTAN'S OTHER NEIGHBORS: IRAN, CENTRAL ASIA, AND CHINA Summary: to Afghanistan. After the British came into northwest...

15

Electricity savings potentials in the residential sector of Bahrain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electricity is the major fuel (over 99%) used in the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors in Bahrain. In 1992, the total annual electricity consumption in Bahrain was 3.45 terawatt-hours (TWh), of which 1.95 TWh (56%) was used in the residential sector, 0.89 TWh (26%) in the commercial sector, and 0.59 TWh (17%) in the industrial sector. Agricultural energy consumption was 0.02 TWh (less than 1%) of the total energy use. In Bahrain, most residences are air conditioned with window units. The air-conditioning electricity use is at least 50% of total annual residential use. The contribution of residential AC to the peak power consumption is even more significant, approaching 80% of residential peak power demand. Air-conditioning electricity use in the commercial sector is also significant, about 45% of the annual use and over 60% of peak power demand. This paper presents a cost/benefit analysis of energy-efficient technologies in the residential sector. Technologies studied include: energy-efficient air conditioners, insulating houses, improved infiltration, increasing thermostat settings, efficient refrigerators and freezers, efficient water heaters, efficient clothes washers, and compact fluorescent lights. We conservatively estimate a 32% savings in residential electricity use at an average cost of about 4 fils per kWh. (The subsidized cost of residential electricity is about 12 fils per kWh. 1000 fils = 1 Bahrain Dinar = US$ 2.67). We also discuss major policy options needed for implementation of energy-efficiency technologies.

Akbari, H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Morsy, M.G.; Al-Baharna, N.S. [Univ. of Bahrain, Manama (Bahrain)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria cameroon egypt Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

egypt Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: algeria cameroon egypt Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Algeria Gambia Nigeria Angola Ghana...

17

Afghanistan water constraints overview analysis. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Afghanistan's already severe water supply problems are expected to intensify as Afghan refugees resettle in former conflictive zones. The report examines the technical, economic, cultural, and institutional facets of the country's water supply and suggests steps to mitigate existing and anticipated water supply problems. Chapter 2 presents information on Afghanistan's water resources, covering the country's climate, precipitation, glaciers/snow packs, and watersheds; the principal patterns of water flow and distribution; and comprehensive estimates. Chapter 3 examines water resource development in the country from 1945 to 1979, including projects involving irrigation and hydroelectric power and strategies for improving the drinking water supply.

Not Available

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Swedish-Maghreb Contact Seminar in Algiers, Algeria 13-14 October 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

scholars and administrators from Algeria, Libya and Sweden Venue: tbc Hotel: Hotel El-Riadh, Staoueli

19

Algeria ",263,"-",263  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS98,,,1999,0,0,1e+15,1469,6,01179,"WAT","HY"Tables andA 6 J 9 U BThousandYearCubic Feet)Algeria

20

E-Print Network 3.0 - afghanistan war coverage Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Biotechnology ; Biology and Medicine 3 AFGHANISTAN'S OTHER NEIGHBORS: IRAN, CENTRAL ASIA, AND CHINA Summary: to Afghanistan. After the British came into northwest...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "afghanistan algeria bahrain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Assessment of Biomass Resources in Afghanistan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Afghanistan is facing many challenges on its path of reconstruction and development. Among all its pressing needs, the country would benefit from the development and implementation of an energy strategy. In addition to conventional energy sources, the Afghan government is considering alternative options such as energy derived from renewable resources (wind, solar, biomass, geothermal). Biomass energy is derived from a variety of sources -- plant-based material and residues -- and can be used in various conversion processes to yield power, heat, steam, and fuel. This study provides policymakers and industry developers with information on the biomass resource potential in Afghanistan for power/heat generation and transportation fuels production. To achieve this goal, the study estimates the current biomass resources and evaluates the potential resources that could be used for energy purposes.

Milbrandt, A.; Overend, R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper outlines an opium supply chain using the Hilmand province of Afghanistan as exemplar. The opium supply chain model follows the transformation of opium poppy seed through cultivation and chemical alteration to brown heroin base. The purpose of modeling and simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain is to discover and test strategies that will disrupt this criminal enterprise.

Watkins, Jennifer H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mac Kerrow, Edward P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Merritt, Terence [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Afghanistan-NREL Mission | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende NewSowitecAWS OceanInformation AdvancedAfghanistan-NREL

24

AUGUST 2013USACE TAD TRANSATLANTIC TIMES Construction of Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AUGUST 2013USACE TAD TRANSATLANTIC TIMES Construction of Afghanistan National Police Compounds-Delgadillo/Released Page 4-5 CLICK HERE TO READ MORE #12;3 AUGUST 2013 2 AUGUST 2013USACE TAD TRANSATLANTIC TIMES USACE TAD

US Army Corps of Engineers

25

Modeling Policy and Agricultural Decisions in Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Afghanistan is responsible for the majority of the world's supply of poppy crops, which are often used to produce illegal narcotics like heroin. This paper presents an agent-based model that simulates policy scenarios to characterize how the production of poppy can be dampened and replaced with licit crops over time. The model is initialized with spatial data, including transportation network and satellite-derived land use data. Parameters representing national subsidies, insurgent influence, and trafficking blockades are varied to represent different conditions that might encourage or discourage poppy agriculture. Our model shows that boundary-level interventions, such as targeted trafficking blockades at border locations, are critical in reducing the attractiveness of growing this illicit crop. The principle of least effort implies that interventions decrease to a minimal non-regressive point, leading to the prediction that increases in insurgency or other changes are likely to lead to worsening conditions,...

Widener, Michael J; Gros, Andreas; Metcalf, Sara; Bar-Yam, Yaneer

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

EM Employee Serves Military in Afghanistan, Manages $5.8 Billion Army Task Order  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

BAGRAM AIRFIELD, Afghanistan – EM employee James Hawkins is currently serving the U.S. military in Afghanistan, where he is administering a $5.8 billion task order for the Army.

27

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Strategy Lahouari ADDI Summary: Algeria's New Oil Strategy Lahouari ADDI Professor of Political Sociology to the IEP of Lyon In H... of the Political System The National...

28

Afghanistan and Iraq--$2 Trillion Dollar Graveyards of Armies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis explores the projection of violent direct action in the case of Iraq and Afghanistan since 2007 through May 2011. Machine-coded events data from the free, publicly available, on-line Reuters archives was fitted to both regressor and time...

Petrov, Vladimir

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

29

AFGHANISTAN DISTRICT SOUTH (AES) US ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PRICE 24. AMOUNT21. QUANTITY CODE 10. THIS ACQUISITION IS UNRESTRICTED FAX: NAICS: TEL: CODE 18a SHOWN IN BLOCK 18a. UNLESS BLOCK 15. DELIVER TO CODE W5J9LE 16. ADMINISTERED BY AFGHANISTAN DISTRICT. DELIVERY FOR FOB RFQ SEE SCHEDULE 14. METHOD OF SOLICITATION IFB RFP CODE SEE ADDENDUM BLOCK IS MARKED

US Army Corps of Engineers

30

An adaptive artificial neural network model for sizing stand-alone photovoltaic systems: Application for isolated sites in Algeria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An adaptive artificial neural network model for sizing stand-alone photovoltaic systems: Application for isolated sites in Algeria

Mellit, A; Hadj-Arab, A; Guessoum, A

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

E-Print Network 3.0 - afghanistan introducing population Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Theo Farrell Summary: in Afghanistan points to three such benefits, in particular: More boots on the ground; increased civilian... of the spectrum, such as the 2001 invasion of...

32

E-Print Network 3.0 - afghanistan reconstruction teams Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

military partner... in Afghanistan points to three such benefits, in particular: More boots on the ground; increased civilian... of the spectrum, such as the 2001 invasion of...

33

E-Print Network 3.0 - afghanistan Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Theo Farrell Summary: in Afghanistan points to three such benefits, in particular: More boots on the ground; increased civilian... of the spectrum, such as the 2001 invasion of...

34

E-Print Network 3.0 - afghanistan post-war governance Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Theo Farrell Summary: in Afghanistan points to three such benefits, in particular: More boots on the ground; increased civilian... require the authorization of all partner...

35

Impact of Kuwait`s oil-fire smoke cloud on the sky of Bahrain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of the Kuwaiti oil well fires of 1991 on the atmospheric parameters of Bahrain (approximately 600 km southeast of Kuwait) were observed. Solar radiation, optical thickness, ultraviolet radiation, horizontal visibility, temperature, and solar spectral distribution were measured for 1991 and compared to the long-term values of 1985-1990. The relative monthly solar radiation in Bahrain was reduced by 8% (February) when 50 oil wells were burning and reduced further to 20% when 470 oil wells were on fire (April-July). In November 1991, when there were 12 oil wells burning, the recorded solar radiation became nearly equal to the long-term average. The monthly average daily optical thickness, {tau}, for the direct or beam solar radiation was calculated. The values of {tau} were found to be larger in 1991 than the average for the years 1985-1990 by nearly 58% during June and returned to normal in October (after nearly all the oil well fires were extinguished). The clear and smoked sky solar spectra distribution were detected before and during the burning of the Kuwait oil wells. Large absorption of the solar radiation was noticed on the 2nd and 3rd of March, 1991. The daily average infrared radiation during 1990 was found to be 6700.4 Whm{sup -2} and shifted to 9182.1 Whm{sup -2} in 1991. Comparison was also made between 1990 and 1991 data of the global solar radiation and the temperature. 13 refs., 12 figs., 1 tab.

Alnaser, W.E. [Univ. of Bahrain (Bahrain)] [Univ. of Bahrain (Bahrain)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Solar and Wind Resource Assessments for Afghanistan and Pakistan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has recently completed the production of high-resolution wind and solar energy resource maps and related data products for Afghanistan and Pakistan. The resource data have been incorporated into a geospatial toolkit (GsT), which allows the user to manipulate the resource information along with country-specific geospatial information such as highway networks, power facilities, transmission corridors, protected land areas, etc. The toolkit allows users to then transfer resource data for specific locations into NREL's micropower optimization model known as HOMER.

Renne, D. S.; Kelly, M.; Elliott, D.; George, R.; Scott, G.; Haymes, S.; Heimiller, D.; Milbrandt, A.; Cowlin, S.; Gilman, P.; Perez, R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Region Country Year Name Employer Current Title Discipline Specialty Western Afghanistan 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainable Development Advisor Geography Environment & Natural Resource Management Asia, South Bangladesh, Policy and International Affairs Environmental Science Forestry and Natural Resources Asia, South Engineering, Civil Project Mgmt., Water Resources Asia, South Afghanistan 2005 Mr. Abdul Wahed Ahadi UNDP

Silver, Whendee

38

Active thrust faulting offshore Boumerdes, Algeria, and its relations to the 2003 Mw 6.9 earthquake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Active thrust faulting offshore Boumerdes, Algeria, and its relations to the 2003 Mw 6.9 earthquake offshore Boumerdes, Algeria, and its relations to the 2003 Mw 6.9 earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L that strain is distributed over a broad area, from the Atlas front to the offshore margin [Buforn et al., 1995

Déverchère, Jacques

39

A graphical method to study suspended sediment dynamics during flood events in the Wadi Sebdou, NW Algeria (19732004)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A graphical method to study suspended sediment dynamics during flood events in the Wadi Sebdou, NW sediment concentration Semiarid watershed Flood Wadi Algeria s u m m a r y Small sub-basins are numerous period (1973­2004) was analyzed at the outlet of the Wadi Sebdou basin (256 km2 ) in northwest Algeria

40

Libya, Algeria and Egypt: crude oil potential from known deposits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analysis is presented of the discovered crude oil resources, reserves, and estimated annual production from known fields of the Republics of Libya, Algeria, and Egypt. Proved reserves are defined as the remaining producible oil as of a specified date under operating practice in effect at that time and include estimated recoverable oil in undrilled portions of a given structure or structures. Also included in the proved reserve category are the estimated indicated additional volumes of recoverable oil from the entire oil reservoir where fluid injection programs have been started in a portion, or portions, of the reservoir. The indicated additional reserves (probable reserves) reported herein are the volumes of crude oil that might be obtained with the installation of secondary recovery or pressure maintenance operations in reservoirs where none have been previously installed. The sum of cumulative production, proved reserves, and probable reserves is defined as the ultimate oil recovery from known deposits; and resources are defined as the original oil in place (OOIP). An assessment was made of the availability of crude oil under three assumed sustained production rates for each country; an assessment was also made of each country's capability of sustaining production at, or near, the 1980 rates assuming different limiting reserve to production ratios. Also included is an estimate of the potential maximum producing capability from known deposits that might be obtained from known accumulations under certain assumptions, using a simple time series approach. The theoretical maximum oil production capability from known fields at any time is the maximum deliverability rate assuming there are no equipment, investment, market, or political constraints.

Dietzman, W.D.; Rafidi, N.R.; Ross, T.A.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "afghanistan algeria bahrain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Global warming implications of facade parameters: A life cycle assessment of residential buildings in Bahrain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On a global scale, the Gulf Corporation Council Countries (GCCC), including Bahrain, are amongst the top countries in terms of carbon dioxide emissions per capita. Building authority in Bahrain has set a target of 40% reduction of electricity consumption and associated CO{sub 2} emissions to be achieved by using facade parameters. This work evaluates how the life cycle CO{sub 2} emissions of buildings are affected by facade parameters. The main focus is placed on direct and indirect CO{sub 2} emissions from three contributors, namely, chemical reactions during production processes (Pco{sub 2}), embodied energy (Eco{sub 2}) and operational energy (OPco{sub 2}). By means of the life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology, it has been possible to show that the greatest environmental impact occurs during the operational phase (80-90%). However, embodied CO{sub 2} emissions are an important factor that needs to be brought into the systems used for appraisal of projects, and hence into the design decisions made in developing projects. The assessment shows that masonry blocks are responsible for 70-90% of the total CO{sub 2} emissions of facade construction, mainly due to their physical characteristics. The highest Pco{sub 2} emissions factors are those of window elements, particularly aluminium frames. However, their contribution of CO{sub 2} emissions depends largely on the number and size of windows. Each square metre of glazing is able to increase the total CO{sub 2} emissions by almost 30% when compared with the same areas of opaque walls. The use of autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) walls reduces the total life cycle CO{sub 2} emissions by almost 5.2% when compared with ordinary walls, while the use of thermal insulation with concrete wall reduces CO{sub 2} emissions by 1.2%. The outcome of this work offers to the building industry a reliable indicator of the environmental impact of residential facade parameters. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Life cycle carbon assessment of facade parameters. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Greatest environmental impact occurs during the operational phase. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Masonry blocks are responsible for 70-90% of the total CO2 emissions of facade construction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Window contribution of CO2 emissions depends on the number and size of windows. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Without insulation, AAC walls offer more savings in CO2 emissions.

Radhi, Hassan, E-mail: h_alradhi@yahoo.com [Global Engineering Bureau, P.O Box 33130, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain (Bahrain); Sharples, Stephen, E-mail: steve.sharples@liverpool.ac.uk [School of Architecture, University of Liverpool (United Kingdom)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

42

Political economy of Maghribi oil: Change and development in Algeria and Libya  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the wake of rapidly growing oil and natural gas revenues, Algeria and Libya during the 1970s adopted a state capitalist strategy in order to minimize the dislocations caused by continued reliance on the international economy and, in the long run, to move toward more self-reliant local economies. International political economy theories until now have paid relatively little attention to the impact of the state in the development process, assuming that state formation and bureaucratic development go hand in hand. But in Libya and Algeria they remained disjointed. This was further exacerbated by the rentier nature of their economies which allowed for the distribution of assets without real political participation. In Algeria a techno-bureaucratic elite, to which the state quickly lost control during the 1970s, was put in charge of development. By 1976 the inefficiencies of the public sector and the alignment of the techno-bureaucratic elite with an expanding private sector led Algeria back toward a more market-oriented development strategy. In Libya a much smaller population and larger revenues have allowed the Qadhdhafi government to prolong the state capitalists experiment without paying serious attention to either economic or political development.

Vandewalle, D.J.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Prevalence of respiratory symptoms and cases suspicious for tuberculosis among public health clinic patients in Afghanistan,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and diagnostic test results were recorded. Correlates of TB-suggestive symptoms (defined as cough >2 weeks children (age 17 or under). The TB-suggestive symptoms of cough >2 weeks and / or haemoptysis were reported workers. keywords Afghanistan, tuberculosis, respiratory symptoms, cough, sputum smear accuracy

Scharfstein, Daniel

44

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria,...

45

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. 2 Includes Algeria,...

46

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria,...

47

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of individual company data. (1) Free on Board. See Glossary. (2) Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. (3) Includes Algeria,...

48

Effects of Parental Deployment on Children During Wartime: A comparison of World War Two and the Iraq/Afghanistan War  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An overview of the experiences of children and parents during deployment of a parent to military service in Iraq or Afghanistan. Based on a search of the literature and a small number of interviews with parents on the homefront.

Hess, Juliana

2009-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

49

Building a state or saving lives? : the processes, motives and politics behind the reconstruction of Afghanistan's health system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Startlingly poor health statistics in Afghanistan clearly indicate that, in order to enhance the socio-economic status and overall stability of the state, a complete overhaul of its health care system is imperative. However, ...

Tulier, Melody Esther, 1980-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Petroleum resources of Libya, Algeria, and Egypt. Foreign energy supply assessment series  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Part 1 of the report is a synopsis of each country's location, its exploration and development history, crude oil field production history, and markets. Part 2 discusses the production and reserve characteristics of the oil fields and status of the known crude oil resources. Part 3 provides an assessment of the ultimately recoverable crude oil and the possible future rate of availability of the crude oil. Part 4 discusses the status of the known and undiscovered natural gas resources, production, and markets. Part 5 is an overview of the petroleum geology of the three countries and the physical characteristics of their crude oils. Appendix A presents an annual resume of historical production by field and by basin for Libya; Appendix B shows the historical production by field and by basin for Algeria; Appendix C shows the historical production by field and by basin for Egypt; Appendix D provides production tables for each country. Data presented in Appendixes A through D are derived mostly from the April 1982 publication, Libya, Algeria and Egypt-Crude Oil Potential From Known Deposits DOE/EIA-0338, by William D. Dietzman, Naim R. Rafidi, and Thomas A. Ross. Appendix E is a geologic timetable.

Not Available

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Oil and economic development in OPEC countries, with case studies about Iraq and Algeria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dissertation examines the impact of the increase in oil prices in 1973 and thereafter on economic development in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) in general, and in Iraq and Algeria in particular. It attempts to investigate the extent to which these countries have succeeded in utilizing oil revenues to achieve their projected goals: diversification of their economies in order to reduce dependence on exporting crude oil which is an exhaustible resource; and acceleration of the rate of growth of the non-oil sector in order to increase its contribution to GDP and foreign-exchange earnings as well as to maintain the growth of the economy in the post-oil age. While the increase in oil revenues greatly reduced the capital constraint to growth, it did not remove all other constraints at the same time. Thus, bottlenecks in transportation, institutions, skilled labor, raw and construction materials remained important obstacles. According to the criteria used by this study to judge the performance of the Iraqi and the Algerian economies after 1973, both countries did quite well. However, one of the findings about Iraq is that while the rate of growth of real per capita GDP accelerated after 1973, the rate of growth of real per capita non-oil GDP did not. Algeria succeeded in diversifying her economy, since the rate of growth of non-oil GDP accelerated after 1973, compared to the earlier period.

Al-Khalil, M.A.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Determining the Heavy Metal Pollution in Mascara (Algeria) by Using Casuarina equisetifolia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract. In this study, Casuarina equisetifolia needles were evaluated as the possible biomonitors of heavy metal air pollution in Mascara (Algeria). The needles were sampled from seven locations with different degrees of metal pollution (near roads) and from a control site. The concentrations of lead, zinc, copper and nickel were measured by using a flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The maximal values of these four metals were found in the samples collected near the roads and the minimal values were found in the control site. Furthermore, sites with high traffic density and frequency of cars stoppage showed high heavy metal concentrations. However, the comparison of concentrations of all metals showed that the zinc one had the highest concentration of all. The cluster analysis divided the selected sampling sites in three distinct clusters. With regard to the results of this study, Casuarina equisetifolia can be successfully applied in biomonitoring of air pollution. Key words: Casuarina equisetifolia, Mascara, biomonitors, pollution, heavy metals.

Lakhdari Aissa; Benabdeli Kéloufi

53

,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Algeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: EnergyShale ProvedTexas" ,"Plant","PrimaryWashington"WestWyoming"Algeria

54

Never Stand Still Global Education and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for departure 20 On your return 21 Other Global Education Options 23 How to apply 24 Resources 24 Quick links 25. Belarus Bangladesh Azerb. Austria A u s t r a l i a Armenia Angola Algeria Albania Afghanistan Western

New South Wales, University of

55

HIGH RISK COUNTRIES Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Sri Lanka St. Vincent & the Grenadines Sudan Suriname

Duchowski, Andrew T.

56

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Metallurgy Industries Group (AMIG) Ammunition and Metallurgy Industry Group Ammunition Industries Group

Takada, Shoji

57

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Republic of Iran Ammunition and Metallurgy Industries Group (AMIG) Ammunition and Metallurgy Industry Group

Takada, Shoji

58

All Students Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) (Rank) (Rank) (1 Year) (5 Years) #12;Bosnia-Herzegovina 3 2 0 +50.0 -(90) (100) - Botswana 0 3 4 -100

Barthelat, Francois

59

Country Location AFGHANISTAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/01 12/31 $131 AUSTRALIA CANBERRA 01/01 12/31 $136 AUSTRALIA DARWIN, NORTHERN TERRITORY 04/01 09/30 $142 ARMENIA [OTHER] 01/01 12/31 $92 ASCENSION ISLAND ASCENSION ISLAND 01/01 12/31 $22 AUSTRALIA ADELAIDE 01/01 12/31 $157 AUSTRALIA BRISBANE 01/01 12/31 $128 AUSTRALIA BROOME 01/01 12/31 $137 AUSTRALIA CAIRNS 01

60

Country Location AFGHANISTAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Jan 31-Dec $153 AUSTRALIA CAIRNS 1-Jan 31-Dec $147 AUSTRALIA CANBERRA 1-Jan 31-Dec $153 AUSTRALIA AUSTRALIA ADELAIDE 1-Jan 31-Dec $178 APPENDIX C1 Foreign Per Diem Rates - Effective October 1, 2012 C1 - 1 Foreign Per Diem Rates - Effective October 1, 2012 AUSTRALIA BRISBANE 1-Jan 31-Dec $144 AUSTRALIA BROOME 1

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "afghanistan algeria bahrain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Fluid pressure arrival time tomography: Estimation and assessment in the presence of inequality constraints, with an application to a producing gas field at Krechba, Algeria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Deformation in the overburden proves useful in deducing spatial and temporal changes in the volume of a producing reservoir. Based upon these changes we estimate diffusive travel times associated with the transient flow due to production, and then, as the solution of a linear inverse problem, the effective permeability of the reservoir. An advantage an approach based upon travel times, as opposed to one based upon the amplitude of surface deformation, is that it is much less sensitive to the exact geomechanical properties of the reservoir and overburden. Inequalities constrain the inversion, under the assumption that the fluid production only results in pore volume decreases within the reservoir. We apply the formulation to satellite-based estimates of deformation in the material overlying a thin gas production zone at the Krechba field in Algeria. The peak displacement after three years of gas production is approximately 0.5 cm, overlying the eastern margin of the anticlinal structure defining the gas field. Using data from 15 irregularly-spaced images of range change, we calculate the diffusive travel times associated with the startup of a gas production well. The inequality constraints are incorporated into the estimates of model parameter resolution and covariance, improving the resolution by roughly 30 to 40%.

Rucci, A.; Vasco, D.W.; Novali, F.

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Petrochemical industry in the Middle East: current status, uncertainties, global impact  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The situation and perspective of the petrochemical industry in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, IR Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, the UAE, SP Libyan AJ, Algeria, and Egypt are reviewed. Special attention is given to the budgetary constraints, foreign partners, the costs, the markets, and the impact of falling oil prices.

Not Available

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Bahrain: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio Jump to:Ayuda:PalabrasBadema Jump to:Strategy

64

Marketingsolutions forAfghanistan'sfirst  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of higher education sector specialists gathered in Darling Harbour to identify the game changers, re

University of Technology, Sydney

65

The Global Impact of the Systemic Economies and MENA Business Cycles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, and Spain. The time series data for the GCC block and the Euro Area block are constructed as cross-sectionally weighted averages of the domestic variables (described in detail below), using Purchasing Power... Systemic Countries Other Oil Exporters Algeria#3; China Canada GCC Countries Euro Area Ecuador#3; Bahrain#3; Austria Indonesia Kuwait#3; Belgium Mexico Oman#3; Finland Nigeria#3; Qatar#3; France Norway Saudi Arabia Germany Venezuela#3; UAE#3; Italy Iran#3...

Cashin, Paul; Mohaddes, Kamiar; Raissi, Mehdi

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

U.S. LNG Imports from Algeria  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand28 198 18 Q 10OriginSep-14 Oct-14 Nov-14

67

U.S. LNG Imports from Algeria  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand28 198 18 Q 10OriginSep-14 Oct-14 Nov-14Noyes, MN

68

Algeria: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende NewSowitecAWSAgri-Energy Focus Area Renewable

69

Alger, Algeria: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 SouthWaterBrasilInformation8.8173434°,AlfasolarAlgatec

70

Intern experience at Electricity Directorate of Bahrain: an internship report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

n ......................................27 8. A VDU Picture of a Substation .............................................................. 35 9. A VDU Picutre of the Alarm List................................................................ 38 10... consists of : - Over-head lines : 33kv &66kv - Underground cables : 33kv & 66kv & 220kv - Substations: 33 /llkv & 66 /llkv & 220/66kv. Associated with this equipment is a protection system which utilises a network of pilot cables. The transmission...

Aljamea, Najeeb Ahmad

2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

71

Bahrain National Gas and Oil Authority | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORT Americium/Curium VitrificationAltensolOffshore

72

Assessment of Biomass Resources in Afghanistan  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

almond and walnut shells, as well as olive pits, can be used to produce charcoal through pyrolysis of biomass, which could be used for cooking and as a soil amendment. Processing...

73

Extreme VPP - Kandahar, Afghanistan | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

elements: fire, earth, wind, and water.) Luckily, the Army has an analytical lab in Germany that could perform the testing. I put the samples on an airplane leaving from the...

74

Mjliga samarbetslnder inom Minor Field Studies Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nordkorea, Dem. Rep. Pakistan Palau Palestinska självstyret Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Rwanda

75

Afghanistan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergy Information Lightning Dock Area (CunniffAffinity

76

Command and Control in the Iraqi Insurgency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of three critical facets: urban-based, Muslim-centered, or multi-factious. The urban setting of the Iraqi insurgency makes it comparable to the Algerian and Irish Republican Army insurgencies. In these cases, the high population density and built... likely capitalized on each of these distinctly urban advantages to shape and improve its C3 system. The Muslim identity of the Iraqi insurgents parallels the religious beliefs and culture of the insurgents in Afghanistan, Kashmir, and Algeria...

Atkinson, Dwain; Collins, Matthew; Colmenares, Monica; McBane, Carla; Ritter, Kyle; Welling, Glen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Algeria-DLR Resource Assessments | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende NewSowitecAWSAgri-Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Solar,

78

Algeria-NREL Energy Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende NewSowitecAWSAgri-Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy,

79

Algeria-IAEA Energy Planning | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergy InformationTuriAlexandria Biomass Facility JumpKansas)t

80

Algeria-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 SouthWaterBrasilInformation8.8173434°,AlfasolarAlgatecAlger-Delta

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "afghanistan algeria bahrain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Algeria Ministry of Energy and Mining | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORT Americium/Curium Vitrification ProjectAVANTIAirey JumpAlaskan

82

AFGHANISTAN DISTRICT SOUTH (AES) US ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. UNIT PRICE 24. AMOUNT21. QUANTITY CODE 10. THIS ACQUISITION IS UNRESTRICTED FAX: NAICS: TEL: CODE 18a SHOWN IN BLOCK 18a. UNLESS BLOCK 15. DELIVER TO CODE 16. ADMINISTERED BY SEE SCHEDULE 7. DELIVERY FOR FOB RFQ SEE SCHEDULE 14. METHOD OF SOLICITATION IFB RFP CODE SEEADDENDUM BLOCK IS MARKED

US Army Corps of Engineers

83

AFGHANISTAN DISTRICT SOUTH (AES) US ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IS UNRESTRICTED FAX: NAICS: TEL: CODE 18a. PAYMENT WILL BE MADE BYOFFEROR SUCH ADDRESS IN OFFER 17b. CHECK.CONTRACTOR/ 18b. SUBMIT INVOICES TO ADDRESS SHOWN IN BLOCK 18a. UNLESS BLOCK 15. DELIVER TO CODE 16. ADMINISTERED SEEADDENDUM BLOCK IS MARKED DESTINATION UNLESS 12. DISCOUNT TERMS (No Collect Calls) 13b. RATING 13a

US Army Corps of Engineers

84

Mjliga samarbetslnder inom Minor Field Studies (MFS) Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lucia St Vincent och Grenadinerna Sudan Surinam Swaziland Sydafrika Syrien Tadzjikistan Tanzania Tchad

Haviland, David

85

Planning Kabul: The politics of urbanization in Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and life-opportunities. Amartya Sen and other developmentKabul: Mirrorglass Amartya Sen and Mahbub ul Haq identifiedof California Press. Sen, Amartya Kumar. 1999. Development

Calogero, Pietro Anders

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Afghanistan-NREL Resource Maps and Toolkits | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergy Information Lightning Dock Area (CunniffAffinity WindHot

87

Meeting Our Partners in Saudi Arabia and U.S. Military Forces in Bahrain |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen OwnedofDepartment ofJared Temanson -ofMarc Morial -ThisMedgate,Department of

88

GeoArabia, 2013, v. 18, no. 2, p. 141-176 Gulf PetroLink, Bahrain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESEofAlAinandBuraimi,preservesaculmination of Jurassic and Cretaceous continental slope deposits (Sumeini Group) that was emplaced during the Late and the Hormuz Salt Basin to the north. The Jabal Qumayrah area may represent another, smaller basin. INTRODUCTION Two major carbonate-evaporite sequences of significance to the oil and gas industry are developed

Ali, Mohammed

89

Chemical Composition and Insecticidal Properties of Thymus numidicus (Poiret) Essential Oil from Algeria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

were isolated by steam distillation, analysed by gas chromatography coupled with the mass spectrometry toxicity of global oil recovered after one hour of extraction and its fraction F1 recovered after 2 distillation is a very rapid process and the duration of extraction could be limited to15 minutes, since more

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

90

GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT PSW-GTR-245 Wildfire Management Policies in Algeria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: Climate Change and Wildfires, November 5-11, 2012, Mexico of the Fourth International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: Climate Change and Wildfires 383 is a Mediterranean country strongly conditioned by the physical, biological, climatic and environmental

Standiford, Richard B.

91

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria cameroon cote Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 Costa... -Rica 14 Cote-D'Ivoire 1 Cyprus 2 Denmark 3 Dominican-Republic 1 Ecuador 2 Egypt 7 El-Salvador 1 Ethiopia 3 Source: Peterson, Blake R. - Department of Medicinal...

92

Price of Cove Point, MD Natural Gas LNG Imports from Algeria (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 10,998 9,933 10,998 10,643 10,998through 1996)DecadeYear Jan670,174per(NominalThousand Cubic

93

Price of Everett, MA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Algeria (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 10,998 9,933 10,998 10,643 10,998through 1996)DecadeYear(Dollars per ThousandThousand CubicThousand

94

Price of Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Algeria (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 10,998 9,933 10,998 10,643 10,998through 1996)DecadeYear(Dollars perFeet)(DollarsperThousand Cubic

95

U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Algeria (Million Cubic Feet)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecemberSteamYearTexas--StateWinter 2013-14 Wells (Thousand Feet),433

96

U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Algeria (Million Cubic Feet)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecemberSteamYearTexas--StateWinter 2013-14 Wells (Thousand Feet),433Year Jan Feb

97

Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Algeria (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in NonproducingAdditions to Capacity on the U.S.ThousandThousandThousand

98

Estimated use of explosives in the mining industries of Algeria, Iran, Iraq, and Libya  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work was performed under Memorandum of Agreement B291534 Between the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and the United States Bureau of Mines. The Bureau of Mines authors are members of the Minerals Availability Field Office (MAFO) in Denver, CO, which uses an extensive network of information sources to develop and maintain the Minerals Availability database concerning mining and minerals properties worldwide. This study was initiated and directed by F. Heuze at LLNL. A previous study on the same subject had been commissioned by LLNL from the Mining Journal Research Services (MJRS) in London ,UK. Its results were integrated into this report. MJRS is shown as one of the numerous sources which were used for this work. All sources are listed in the report. This document is arranged in four sections, one for each country, in alphabetical order. Thie outline is the same for each country.

Wilburn, D.R.; Russell, J.A.; Bleiwas, D.I. [and others

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Algeria (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 10,998 9,933 10,998 10,643 10,998throughThousand Cubic Feet)Thousand CubicTexas NaturalThousand

100

Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Algeria (Dollars per  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30 2013 Macroeconomicper8,170Thousand Cubic Feet) Year JanThousandThousand

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "afghanistan algeria bahrain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Algeria (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: EnergyShale ProvedTexas"Brunei (Dollars perReserves (Billion CubicExpected+Intrastate

102

U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Algeria (Million Cubic Feet)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007York"Hawaii" "Sector", (Million CubicAdjustments7-2015 Liquefied

103

International Opportunities.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contact Jon Inegbedion: Libya, Egypt, Turkey, Iraq, Iran Rami Al Mousa: Jordan, Bahrain, Saudi, Qatar

Anderson, Jim

104

Per Diem (US$)/ (Akashi) 297  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Jordan) (Amman) 182 135 (Kuwait) 339 (Bahrain) 226 (Qatar) 187 (United Arab Emirates) (Abu Dhabi) 206

105

1/07/2011 1/07/2011 Afghanistan 69 Core Du Sud (Rpublique de -) 102  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sri Lanka 37 Micronésie (Etats Féd. De -) 77 Suisse 102 Moldavie 76 Suriname 46 Monaco 102 Swaziland

Cerf, Nicolas

106

The Coils of the Anaconda: America's First Conventional Battle in Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Daniel Crose, Major John Davidson, SPC Chris Dedrick, COL Patrick Donahue, LTC George “Tom” Donovan, Master Corporal Dennis Eason, PFC Jeremy Edwards, Cpt Philip E. Eilertson, Major Cameron Ellis, PFC William J. Fiers, SGT Lorne Ford, PFC Ryn Frank... me on the straight and narrow. And I thank Venita Krueger for her eagle eye as she proofed the manuscript. The reader may find errors, but Venita found a lot more. Two very dear friends, Dodge Billingsley of Combat Films and Ali Jalali...

Grau, Les

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

107

Remote Sensing Assessment Of Karez Irrigation Systems And Archaeological Resources In Maywand District, Kandahar Province, Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that includes landscapes with small- and large-scale features such as mounds, architecture, and traditional gravity-driven water systems that serve areas of extreme aridity. Remote sensing technologies such as satellite imagery, aerial photography, and Light...

Egitto, Antoinette

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

108

afghanistan promises visa-free: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

accepted that it serves as a source of turbulent viscosity in accretion disks -- the most energy efficient objects in the Universe. However it is very difficult to bring this...

109

Land Doktoranden Wissenschaftler Afghanistan 925,00 1.150,00  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.400,00 Elfenbeinküste / Cote D´Ivoire 800,00 975,00 Eritrea 775,00 950,00 #12;Estland 225,00 275,00 Fidschi 1.225,00 1.050,00 1.300,00 Korea 875,00 1.100,00 #12;Korea, DVR (Nord) 875,00 1.100,00 Kosovo 250,00 325,00 Kroatien

Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

110

E-Print Network 3.0 - afghanistan war veterans Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

... Source: Utah, University of - State of Utah Center of Excellence for Biomedical Microfluidics Collection: Engineering 7 A panel presentation for the Soldiers Project Conference...

111

E-Print Network 3.0 - afghanistan 2005-2006 perspectives Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Forces Order of Battle (1980s) 4 Army Corps 13 Infantry ... Source: Naval Postgraduate School, Center for Information Systems Security Studies and Research Collection: Computer...

112

Can You Spend Your Way to Victory? The Case of Statebuilding in Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Do statebuilding activities decrease insurgency? Since 2006 General Petraeus's mantra has been that you cannot kill or capture your way out of a complex insurgency. Instead of bullets money spent on development projects, ...

Querze, Alana Renee

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

113

Sovereign Wealth Funds: Stylized Facts about their Determinants and Governance*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Algeria Brunei Korea Kazakhstan Venezuela Malaysia Nigeriac Algeria Brunei Korea Kazakhstan Venezuela Malaysia NigeriaFund for the Republic of Kazakhstan National Development

Aizenman, Joshua; Glick, Reuven

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

The power of the family  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

regressions on family ties Croatia Algeria Finland SwedenCzech Republic Bulgaria Croatia Algeria Saudi Arabia CzechSweden Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Germany Netherlands Denmark

Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS AFGHANISTAN Kabul University 07.04.2008 http://www.ku.edu.af  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://www.sophia.ac.jp KAZAKHSTAN Farabi Kazakh National University 21.12.2006 http://www.kazsu.kz #12;KAZAKHSTAN Kazakh

Di Pillo, Gianni

116

E-Print Network 3.0 - arab emirates evaluation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

emirates evaluation Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Saudi Arabia Afghanistan Summary: India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab...

117

STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES University of Massachusetts Lowell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Macedonia-TFYR Palau Suriname Algeria Chad Guinea Madagascar Panama Syrian Arab Republic Angola China Guinea

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

118

African Alumni of ISU (ISU-AA) "Statement of Intent"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Most countries in Africa: Kenya, Libya, South Africa, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroun, Algeria and others

Glass, Ian S.

119

Lesson 56: Shopping, Buying and Selling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[Dinar] Aljeria / Libya / Tunisia [Algeria / Libya / Tunisia] Ougiya [Oguiya] Mauritania [Mauritania

120

******** PROVISIONAL SYLLABUS SUBJECT TO MODIFICATION ******* Society and Politics of North Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"farthest west" in Arabic)--encompassing Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya--has historically been

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "afghanistan algeria bahrain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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121

Bringing fruit, vegetaBle and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. certain european and Mediterranean countries include: Albania, Algeria, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Molinari, Marc

123

April 20, 2005 --Lecture 35 Computer Security  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Serbia, Sudan, Syria, and Taleban controlled areas of Afghanistan #12

Jones, Douglas W.

124

Thursday, February 9, 2012 ODU MODEL UN SOCIETY HOSTING 35TH ANNUAL HIGH SCHOOL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and missions in Afghanistan, Botswana, the former Czechoslovakia, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Italy, Kuwait, Libya

125

COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS ALGERIA Universit d'Alger Benyoucef Benkhedda 13.12.2005 http://www.univ-alger.dz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://www.uonbi.ac.ke KENYA Maseno University 09/07/2012 http://maseno.ac.ke/index/ LIBYA University of Garyounis 07.07.2005 http://www.garyounis.edu LIBYA Al-Arab Medical University 20.05.2010 http://www.amu.edu.ly MADAGASCAR

Guidoni, Leonardo

126

COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS ALGERIA Universit d'Alger Benyoucef Benkhedda 13.12.2005 http://www.univ-alger.dz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://www.uonbi.ac.ke LIBYA University of Garyounis 07.07.2005 http://www.garyounis.edu LIBYA Al-Arab Medical University 20

Di Pillo, Gianni

127

COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS ALGERIA Universit d'Alger Benyoucef Benkhedda 13.12.2005 http://www.univ-alger.dz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://www.jkuat.ac.ke KENYA University of Nairobi 20.06.2002 http://www.uonbi.ac.ke LIBYA University of Garyounis 07.07.2005 http://www.garyounis.edu LIBYA Al-Arab Medical University 20.05.2010 http://www.amu.edu.ly MADAGASCAR

Di Pillo, Gianni

128

J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., vol 58, 2008, p. 45-54 On-board emission measurement of high loaded light duty vehicles in Algeria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; Nejjari et al., 2003, Atek et al., 2004). As a result, many stations of air pollution measurement and Boukadoum, 2005). Vehicle pollutant emissions constitute not only a problem of air quality in big citiesJ. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., vol 58, 2008, p. 45-54 On-board emission measurement of high loaded

Boyer, Edmond

129

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

No data reported. W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

130

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 3 Free on Board. See Glossary. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

131

E-Print Network 3.0 - arab emirates 4-7 Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: OF AMERICA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO KUWAIT UNITED ARAB EMIRATES GUAM BAHRAIN NETHERLAND ANTILLES QATAR U.S. VIRGIN... ISLANDS (MALVINAS) LUXEMBOURG UNITED STATES OF AMERICA...

132

E-Print Network 3.0 - arab emirates united Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: OF AMERICA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO KUWAIT UNITED ARAB EMIRATES GUAM BAHRAIN NETHERLAND ANTILLES QATAR U.S. VIRGIN... ISLANDS (MALVINAS) LUXEMBOURG UNITED STATES OF AMERICA...

133

E-Print Network 3.0 - ain-united arab emirates Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: OF AMERICA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO KUWAIT UNITED ARAB EMIRATES GUAM BAHRAIN NETHERLAND ANTILLES QATAR U.S. VIRGIN... ISLANDS (MALVINAS) LUXEMBOURG UNITED STATES OF AMERICA...

134

E-Print Network 3.0 - arab emirates earthquakes Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: OF AMERICA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO KUWAIT UNITED ARAB EMIRATES GUAM BAHRAIN NETHERLAND ANTILLES QATAR U.S. VIRGIN... ISLANDS (MALVINAS) LUXEMBOURG UNITED STATES OF AMERICA...

135

Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

136

Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-5.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

137

Offprint Botanica Marina Vol. 44, 2001, pp. 425 460 2001 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin New York Checklist of Mediterranean Seaweeds.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Libya, (Tn) Tunisia, (Ag) Algeria, (Mo) Morocco. (Gallardo et al. 1993). The Rhodophyceae) Libya, (Tn) Tunisia, (Ag) Algeria, (Mo) Morocco. This work benefited from the suggestions on tax- onomy

Boudouresque, Charles F.

138

RESTE DU MONDE 1/07/2012 RESTE DU MONDE 1/07/2012 Afghanistan 72 Core Du Sud (Rpublique de -) 105  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mexique 105 Sri Lanka 38 Micronésie (Etats Féd. De -) 80 Suisse 105 Moldavie 79 Suriname 48 Monaco 105

Cerf, Nicolas

139

Rana Novini ATOC 3500 Open-air pits are used to burn garbage and other wastes at bases in Iraq and Afghanistan that lack  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

found in the study: Acetone, Acrolein**, Benzene, Carbon Disulfide, Chlorodifluoromethane, Chloromethane, Toluene Acrolein and Hexachlorobutadiene were occasionally detected far above the MEG ratio--over 1800 percent above the MEG for Acrolein and over 500 percent above the MEG for Hexachlorobutadiene. Plaintiffs

Toohey, Darin W.

140

Accountable to beneficiaries? : the modern development enterprise & its contractors at war : lessons on accountability from Afghanistan to inform the contracting reform agenda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis will review the most relevant existing and proposed accountability mechanisms for private development and security contractors coming out of the human rights, public administration and anti-corruption fields. ...

Gupta, Huma

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "afghanistan algeria bahrain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Presupposing Mandy Simons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-cleft construction, illustrated in (3): (3) It was (wasn't) President Obama who went to Afghanistan. The speaker of this sentence appears to take for granted that some salient individual went to Afghanistan, and to be making

Spirtes, Peter

142

Fault localization in constraint programs Nadjib Lazaar and Arnaud Gotlieb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lebbah Universit´e d'Oran, Lab. LITIO, 31000 Oran, Algeria Universit´e de Nice­Sophia Antipolis, I3S

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

143

The power of the family  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Denmark, Estonia, Spain, Finland, France, Great Britain,ties Croatia Algeria Finland Sweden Latvia Czech RepublicRep. South Africa (Union of) Finland Korea Mexico Bangladesh

Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in the Shaping of the Egyptian, Iranian, and Turkish Regimes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Political Development in Egypt, Algeria, and Turkey.Perlmutter, Amos. 1974. Egypt: The Praetorian State. NewProlegomena). Alexandria, Egypt: Dar Ibn Khaldun. Janowitz,

Kandil, Hazem Khaled

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Geologic Carbon Dioxide Storage Field Projects Supported by DOE...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

United States and other countries including, Canada, Algeria, Norway, Australia, and Germany. The program has also been supporting a number of complementary R&D projects...

146

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

147

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

148

NONLINEARITY AND MARKET EFFICIENCY IN GCC STOCK MARKETS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

): Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), using three robust and highly regarded nonlinearity tests. In addition, the Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) was tested in this dissertation for the GCC stock markets using...

Alharbi, Abdullah M. H.

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

149

The Relationship of Student Dispositions and Teacher Characteristics with the Mathematics Achievement of Students in Lebanon and Six Arab Countries in TIMSS 2007.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The second study examines the mathematics performance in TIMSS 2007 of 8th grade students in seven Arab countries: Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Tunisia. The effects of positive affect towards mathematics, valuing mathematics, self...

Younes, Rayya

2013-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

150

2, 129164, 2005 The circulation of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Countries bordering the Persian Gulf are the15 United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, and is surrounded by most of the Earth's deserts. The most known weather phenomenon in the Persian Gulf

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

151

Middle Cretaceous (Cenomanian Ostracoda from the Wasia Formation of Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

producers of oil in of wells from which ostracodes were recovered. Fig. 1. Location 38° 39° 2 The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions—Paper 108 Bahrain, Kuwait, and Iraq. (For more strat- igraphic details see Powers and other, 1966; Powers... producers of oil in of wells from which ostracodes were recovered. Fig. 1. Location 38° 39° 2 The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions—Paper 108 Bahrain, Kuwait, and Iraq. (For more strat- igraphic details see Powers and other, 1966; Powers...

Al-Furiah, A. A. F.

1983-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

152

Afghan Ambassador  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Afghanistan to become an ambassador of water for the U.S. Department of State.... senior advisor for water at the U.S. Embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan, Fipps? mission was to conduct strategic analysis and water planning for the war-torn country...?s future, he said. According to Afghanistan?s Ministry of Energy and Water, 85 percent of the population is involved in irrigation-dependent agriculture and 98 percent of all water diverted from the rivers is used by agriculture, with 60 percent or more...

Wythe, Kathy

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ourwork Country Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Maldives Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia,...

154

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbon compounds Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

bases in Iraq and Afghanistan that lack Summary: Compounds Toxic Organic Halogenated Dioxins Furans (dioxins) Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons found... and detected all of the...

155

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic organic compounds Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

bases in Iraq and Afghanistan that lack Summary: Compounds Toxic Organic Halogenated Dioxins Furans (dioxins) Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons found... and detected all of the...

156

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic chemical compounds Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

bases in Iraq and Afghanistan that lack Summary: Compounds Toxic Organic Halogenated Dioxins Furans (dioxins) Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons found... in burn pits include, but...

157

Climate Change and National Security  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Afghanistan with portable solar panels, and increase theon July 30, 2010. The solar panels power ra- dios, laptopduring testing of solar energy panels at Twen- tynine Palms,

Alyson, Fleming; Summer, Kelly; Summer, Martin; Lauren, Franck; Jonathan, Mark

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

E-Print Network 3.0 - afghan refugee camps Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Centre de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 2 AFGHANISTAN'S OTHER NEIGHBORS: IRAN, CENTRAL ASIA, AND CHINA Summary: Pakistan was keen to confine Afghan refugees to camps...

159

Climate Change and National Security  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Afghanistan with portable solar panels, and increasethe number of solar-powered generators there from nine toa hole during testing of solar energy panels at Twen- tynine

Alyson, Fleming; Summer, Kelly; Summer, Martin; Lauren, Franck; Jonathan, Mark

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

United Nations A/67/L.75* General Assembly Distr.: Limited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and related fields Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belize water resources, Appreciating the ongoing work of the organizations of the United Nations system

Cambridge, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "afghanistan algeria bahrain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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161

THE FIRST CIRCULAR UNESCO-APEID 2011 INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APEID The utilization and conservation of the water resources for human survival, bioproduction and the environment 8 countries: Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia,Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Malawi, Ghana and Japan

Ejiri, Shinji

162

THE FIRST CIRCULAR UNESCO-APEID 2012 INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APEID The utilization and conservation of the water resources for human survival, bioproduction and the environment 8 countries: Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia,Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Malawi, Ghana and Japan

Ejiri, Shinji

163

PHONETIC NAME MATCHING FOR CROSS-LINGUAL SPOKEN SENTENCE RETRIEVAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Talabani Iraq pu jing Putin Russia bu shi Bush US sha bi er Shabir Afghanistan bu le er Blair UK ying show

164

HOST UNIVERSITIES: University of Abou Bekr Belkaid Tlemcen,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Maritime Transport, Egypt University of Sirte, Libya Superior Institution of Science and Technology SCHOLARSHIPS FOR STUDY/RESEARCH IN MOROCCO|EGYPT|TUNISIA|ALGERIA|LIBYA AVAILABLE FOR UNDERGRADUATE|MASTER POST Doctorate 1800 Staff 2500 EU FUNDED SCHOLARSHIPS FOR STUDY/RESEARCH IN EU|MOROCCO|EGYPT TUNISIA|ALGERIA|LIBYA

Guidoni, Leonardo

165

Compiled by James A. Zeidler, Ph.D.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Posters: Iraq/Afghanistan (2007)...............................8-11 Egypt--Operation Bright Star (2009........................21 Country-Specific Web Sites for Iraq, Afghanistan, and Egypt (Revised 2010)............................22-25 Web-Based CPP Training Module............................26-27 Shopping in Egypt

166

Africa; Expanding market creates more gas lines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors report on pipeline development activities in Africa. They discuss how a growing European market for gas has increased potential pipeline construction in Africa, especially for Algeria, Egypt, and Libya.

Quarles, W.R.; Thiede, K.; Parent, L.

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

LATE ORDOVICIAN CLIMBING DUNE ASSEMBLAGES, THE SIGNATURE OF GLACIAL OUTBURST ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, jean-loup.rubino@total.com 4NOC, Libya, Y-Boujazia@yahoo.com Meltwater-related processes have long been of the Western Murzuq Basin/ Tassili n'Ajjer area (southern Libya ­ Algeria boundary), this presentation aims

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

168

2011 Korean Government Scholarship Program Guideline for International Students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Taipei, Belgium, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Mexico, China, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Philippines, Vietnam 1 23 Algeria, Azerbaijan, Ghana, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, Uzbekistan 1 43

Auckland, University of

169

U.S. State Department's TechWomen 2012 Visit Berkeley Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TechWomen brought a total of 41 women working in the technology sector from Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, the Palestinian Territories, Tunisia and Yemen to the U.S....

170

Analysis of density effect in probabilistic flooding in MANETs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bani Yassein,M. Ould-Khaoua,M. Papanastasiou,S. Al- Ayyoub,A. Proc. Int. Arab Conference on Information Technology (ACITâ??04), Mentouri University of Constantine, Algeria, December 12th-15th, 2004, to appear

Bani Yassein, M.

171

Il mondo visto da sud e La prima volta. Una conversazione con Franco Cassano  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sono due facce di una sola esperienza. Quello che èAlgeria” compare una volta sola, di sfuggita, in tutto iliscrive tutta la filosofia in una sola origine e in un solo

Lollini, Massimo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

ElEmEnts , Vol. 4, pp. 325331 OctOber 2008325 1811-5209/08/0004-0325$2.50 DOI: 10.2113/gselements.4.5.325  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

expected from efficiency improvements and large-scale deployment of renewable energy resources (IPCC 2005 have started, one in Canada and another in Algeria, and today over 20 million tons (Mt) CO2 have been

Reiners, Peter W.

173

Table 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

OPEC Algeria Canada Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC a Total OPEC b 1978 ... 14.93 14.41 14.65...

174

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

OPEC Algeria Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC b Total OPEC c 1978 ... 14.12 13.61 13.24 14.05...

175

www.princeton.edu/admission Profile 201112  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to identifying students who possess the academic ability, energy, enthusiasm, and ambition to take full advantage,189 Application Volume and Admission Rates 5-Year History Albania Algeria Australia Bolivia Botswana Brazil

Rowley, Clarence W.

176

Search All NYTimes.com OP-ED CONTRIBUTOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Afghanistan, Karl Eikenberry, insisted that President Obama's revised war strategy will "build support operations. Its lethal agents are being systematically hunted down, while those Muslims whose souls it seeks

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

177

Studying Unexplained Veteran Illnesses at the APS  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Researchers from Stony Brook University come to Argonne's Advanced Photon Source to study the potential underlying causes for an unusual increased incidence of pulmonary disease in U.S. soldiers returning from military service in the Middle East and Afghanistan.

Schmidt, Millicent

2014-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

178

17.953 U.S. Military Budget and Force Planning, Fall 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The United States is spending about $400 billion this year on national defense, some $40 billion on homeland security, and $85 billion on military operations and nation-building in Iraq and Afghanistan. This course is for ...

Williams, Cindy

179

Computational modeling of primary blast effects on the human brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the beginning of the military conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, there have been over 250,000 diagnoses of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the U.S. military, with the majority of incidents caused by improvised explosive ...

Nyein, Michelle K. (Michelle Kyaw)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Computational modeling of blast-induced traumatic brain injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Blast-induced TBI has gained prominence in recent years due to the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, yet little is known about the mechanical effects of blasts on the human head; no injury thresholds have been established ...

Nyein, Michelle K. (Michelle Kyaw)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "afghanistan algeria bahrain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

In Silico Investigation of Intracranial Blast Mitigation with Relevance to Military Traumatic Brain Injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Blast-induced traumatic brain injury is the most prevalent military injury in Iraq and Afghanistan, yet little is known about the mechanical effects of blasts on the human head, and still less is known about how personal ...

Nyein, Michelle K.

182

The UNIVERSITY of NORTH CAROLINA at CHARLOTTE An Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor, Libya, North Korea, Somalia, Sudan, Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Libya, Vietnam, Somalia, and Sri Lanka. Please contact

Howitt, Ivan

183

Cultured men, uncultured women : an exploration of the gendered hierarchy of taste governing Afghan radio  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

After years of strict bans on the media, local radio in post-Taliban Afghanistan is undergoing an intense period of reconstruction. This thesis uses a multi-sited ethnographic investigation to examine local Afghan radio's ...

Kamal, Sarah

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Climatic Change (2009) 94:518 DOI 10.1007/s10584-009-9555-9  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fluctuations in the Wakhan Pamir, Afghanistan Umesh K. Haritashya · Michael P. Bishop · John F. Shroder, Breckle and Frey (1976a, b), who noticed relatively strong glacierization facin

185

International Human Rights Activism in the United States during the Cold War  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

would be a reemergence of Kurdistan during World War II,the genocides in Iraqi Kurdistan, the former Yugoslavia, orAfghanistan, Somaliland, Iraqi Kurdistan, and Angola all had

Ramirez, Zachary Steven

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

A holistic approach to human presence detection on man- portable military ground robots  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 2.5. Spc. Dennis Speek, explosive ordnance disposalcited 14 May 2009]. [54] Spc. Jonathan Montgomery. EodAfghanistan [36]”. Figure 2.5: Spc. Dennis Speek, explosive

Birchmore, Frederick Christopher

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

A test case for implementing feedback control in a micro hydro power plant.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Micro-hydro turbines generate power for small villages and industries in Afghanistan. They usually produce less than 100 kW of power. Currently the flow into the… (more)

Suliman, Ahmad

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

The impact of individual-, unit-, and enterprise-level factors on psychological health outcomes : a system dynamics study of the U.S. military  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other psychological health issues have emerged as a signature pathology of combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. However, the full continuum of care in the U.S. military for ...

Wang, Judy Y. H

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

m a x w e l l s c h o o l Deborah alexanDer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Macedonia, and participated in elections oversight in Bosnia-Herzegovina. As the U.S. Embassy's senior programs in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Albania, Nigeria, and Afghanistan. When a 7.6- magnitude earthquake hit

McConnell, Terry

190

anexo 5e produccion: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

missing from the sample, because of unavailability of data, are: Afghanistan, Albania, Bosnia 198 Eyx''i5e'vyQsw...ve''syxpy'''riEsxs9P33D'ytig'' F.Arqueros 1 ,...

191

The past, present, and future of Leishmania genomics and transcriptomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Peru Leishmania infantum V, C Old World: Afghanistan, Alba Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulg China, Cyprus, Croatia, Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Italy, Libyan Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Leban Mauritania, Monaco, Monten Portugal, Syria, Romania, Sen Spain, Sudan...

Cantacessi, Cinzia; Dantas-Torres, Filipe; Nolan, Matthew J.; Otranto, Domenico

2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

192

Optimization-based routing and scheduling of IED-detection assets in contemporary military operations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improvised Explosive Devices, or IEDs, have become a familiar and lethal part of contemporary military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, producing more casualties than any other weapons system. One reason for their success ...

Marks, Christopher E. (Christopher Edward)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Implementing cash for work programmes in post-tsunami Aceh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

been implemented after floods in Bangladesh, in conflict-affected regions like Afghanistan to local markets; they infuse cash into economies depleted of monetary resources,and in some cases can

Scharfstein, Daniel

194

STAKING SPACE : planning, public space, and visions of the subaltern in the context of Kabul  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis will review how public spaces in Kabul, Afghanistan will be affected by plans for development and formalization under proposed city plans. The core argument is that these processes of development under guises ...

Adina, Seema Ghizala

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Stakeholder characteristics in rapid acquisition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The number of Joint Urgent Operational Needs has exploded with the Global War on Terror and the campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan. The challenge to smaller urgent programs is the programs are not large enough to obtain top ...

Meyer, Michael J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

INAMO #47 GolfStaaten-Gulf countries (Artikel * 2006) Beaugrand, Claire Nationalitt und Migration in den Golfstaaten  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

started to flock first to Bahrain where oil export began as early as in 1934, then Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, published in "INAMO 47 (2006) 10-14" #12;2 issue of oil revenues' distribution, affected the forms of movement control that were opted for, as well as the types of nationality issues that derived from it

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

197

Wald L., Baleynaud J.-M., 1999. Observing air quality over the city of Nantes by means of Landsat thermal infrared data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 20, 5, 947-959.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

oil wells in Kuwait were set on fire. As a result smoke plumes have obscured the sky south of Kuwait. As an example, the relative monthly solar radiation in Bahrain, 600 km south-east of Kuwait, was reduced by upto

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

198

Design wiki: a system for design sharing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design wiki: a system for design sharing Wael A. Abdelhameed, Yoshihiro Kobayashi #12;Wael of Bahrain. His research areas are 3D Modeling Systems, Computing Architecture, Virtual Reality, Design Process, Visual Design Thinking and Digital and Manual Media Interaction. Yoshihiro Kobayashi is a Faculty

199

SPRING 201134 GRAHAM E. FULLER I AHMED ZEWAIL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the nation-states of Tunisia and Egypt to brutal repression in the tribal societies of Libya, Syria, Bahrain for revolutions is that of Yemen, Libya and others in the making. In these cases, unfortunately, tribal in the Middle East and the heart of the Arab world. Making sure Egypt succeeds is essential for the stability

Zewail, Ahmed

200

30 November 2007 Where do we come from... -Robert Hack -Delft 1 Where do we come from and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bahrain-Saudi Causeway Off/onshore pile foundations in soil and rock (geology, properties, and engineering weathered to soil, which could be at any depth (engineering and properties) #12;30 November 2007 Where do we properties, shear strength, weathering) ·Uncertainty ·Geo-informatics (modelling, identification) ·Numerical

Hack, Robert

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "afghanistan algeria bahrain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Ocean Sci., 2, 2741, 2006 www.ocean-sci.net/2/27/2006/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of United Arab Emirates is a major driver of this baroclinic circulation. 1 Introduction The Persian Gulf bordering the Per- sian Gulf are the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait and Iraq (Emery, 1956). Extensive shallow regions, United Arab Emirates

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

202

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C8, supplement au n012, Tome 48, dkcembre 1987  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

long and 13mn diameter. The crystals were deformed by compression along the axis o f the cylinder i n IN ALUMINIUM SINGLE CRYSTALS AT MHz FREQUENCIES M. ZEIN Physics Department, University of Bahrain, College (100>, orientation, were deformed by compression, and the temperature dependence o f

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

203

Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1985  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,839,817 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1985, a decrease of 3% from the 1,896,446 km/sup 2/ held at the end of 1984. This decrease mainly is due to significant relinquishments made in Algeria, Egypt, and Tunisia. Morocco, however, had an increase of 18,087 km/sup 2/. Oil discoveries were reported in Algeria (possibly 5), Libya (at least 2), and Egypt (16). Only 1 gas find was made (in Morocco). According to sparse information, development drilling may have decreased markedly during 1985. Oil and condensate production increased by 3.1% to approximately 3,054,000 b/d compared to about 2,963,400 b/d in 1984. No statistics are currently available on gas production in North Africa. 8 figures, 27 tables.

Michel, R.C.

1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Middle East  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1980 totaled 6,747,719,000 bbl or an average rate of 18,436,390,000 bbl/d, down 13.9% from 1979. Increases were in Saudi Arabia and Syria. Significant decreases occurred in Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, and Turkey. New discoveries were made in Abu Dhabi, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Sharjah, and Oman. New areas were explored in Bahrain, Oman, Syria, and Yemen. 9 figures, 16 tables.

Hemer, D.O. (Mobil Oil Corp., New York, NY); Mason, J.F.; Hatch, G.C.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Erasmus Mundus Action 2 Strand 1 / Strand 2 (delete as appropriate) PROJECT SUMMARY SHEET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

____________________________________ Title of proposal EM A2 Strand 1 Lot 1:Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt and Libya (EM A2 LOT 1 Al- Fihri Partner 18 Libyan International Medical University Libya Partner 19 Omar Muhktar University Libya TC, Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt and Libya Project duration (months) 48 months #12;Amount requested (EUR) 4

Schenato, Luca

206

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF LNG 1914 First (U.S.) patent awarded for LNG handling/shipping.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/shipping. 1917 First commercial natural gas liquefaction plant built in West Virginia. 1944 At an LNG peak storage facility. #12;1999 LNG liquefaction plant opens in Trinidad and Tobago. First LNG shipment from Pelican. Explosions and fire destroy a portion of the LNG liquefaction plant in Skikda, Algeria, killing

207

What's Driving Oil Prices? James L. Smith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Issues in Energy Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas November 2, 2006 The Price of OPEC Oil ($/bbl) $0 $20 $40;8 DIFFERENCES AMONG OPEC MEMBERS Proved Oil Crude Oil Reserves to GDP Reserves Production Production Ratio Member $ per capita bbl per capita bbl per capita years Algeria 3,113 373 15 25 Indonesia 1,290 20 2 11

O'Donnell, Tom

208

Contribution of Saharan dust on radionuclide aerosol activity levels in Europe? The 2122 February 2004 case study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

French nuclear weapon test sites in Algeria, where the ``Gerboise'' experiments took place. For black'' sites, where former French nuclear tests in the 1960s were performed. With the model in scenario mode global weapons tests [Aoyama et al., 2006]. [3] The identification of sources may be complex because

Menut, Laurent

209

Mass-transport deposits on the Algerian margin (Algiers area): morphology, lithology and sedimentary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract: On 21st May 2003, a damaging earthquake of Mw: 6.9 struck the region of Boumerdès 40 km east. Keywords: Algeria, mass-transport deposit, morphology, triggering mechanism. 1. Introduction The Algerian-25Mar2010 Author manuscript, published in "4th International Symposium, Austin : United States (2009

Boyer, Edmond

210

Relations between albedos and emissivities from MODIS and ASTER data over North African Desert  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

map over the arid areas of Algeria, Libya, and Tunisia in North Africa at 30 second (about 1 km) and 2 of incident solar energy reflected by the land surface in all directions. They determine the surface radiationRelations between albedos and emissivities from MODIS and ASTER data over North African Desert L

Zhou, Liming

211

A fossil primate of uncertain affinities from the earliest late Eocene of Egypt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A fossil primate of uncertain affinities from the earliest late Eocene of Egypt Erik R. Seifferta,1- mate from the earliest late Eocene (37 Ma) of northern Egypt, Nos- mipsaenigmaticus, whosephylogenetic of fossil primates from the Eocene of Algeria (1) and Egypt (2­4), Africa's role in the early evolution

Boyer, Doug M.

212

JONNY RUTQVIST, PH.D. Earth Sciences Division  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), Yucca Mountain, Nevada (1997-Present). A high temperature (above water boiling) heater test conducted CO2 storage site, Algeria (2007-present). · Coupled THM analysis of induced seismicity at The Geysers, Switzerland (1997-2003). A large-scale heater test in a bentonite-buffer and rock system. · Kamaishi Mine

Ajo-Franklin, Jonathan

213

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 12531262, 2009 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/1253/2009/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Germany 3Now at Faculty of Chemistry, University of Sciences and Technology Houari Boumediene, U.S.T.H.B., Algiers, Algeria 4IPSL/LSCE, CEA Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France 5Ifm GEOMAR, Kiel, Germany 6Department (CCN) concentrations in the relatively clean marine environment (O'Dowd et al., 1999). Knowledge

Meskhidze, Nicholas

214

An Improved Sensorless DTC Scheme for EV Induction Motors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to emissions from the internal combustion engine (ICE) driven vehicles. EVs are already commercially available is also with the Electrical Engineering Department, Polytechnic Military Academy, 16111 Algiers, Algeria and A. Kheloui are with the Electrical Engineering Department, Polytechnic Military Academy, 16111

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

215

D E P A R T M E N T O F M E C H A N I C A L E N G I N E E R I N G A . J A M E S C L A R K S C H O O L O F E N G I N E E R I N G  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NEURO-IMAGING, MODELING, SIMULATION AND EXPERIMENTAL VALIDATION OF BLAST RELATED TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY.cecd.umd.edu #12;1 FOREWORD Blast-associated brain trauma is the signature injury of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars (TBI). The most common cause of these catastrophic injuries has been exposure to blasts associated

Maryland at College Park, University of

216

LIGHTWEIGHT Trauma MechanlC$  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and human models to see how they reacted during the blast And students analyze video of the test, taken and Afghanistan returned with traumatic brain injuries, many of which were the result of improvised explosive Chandra's lab at the Univer sity of Nebraska simulate actual blasts with a piston driven by compressed

Farritor, Shane

217

Intracranial Pressure Increases during Exposure to a Shock Wave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Afghanistan. The extent of a blast TBI, especially initially, is difficult to diagnose, as internal injuries pressure; overpressure; traumatic brain injury Introduction Blast traumatic brain injuries (blast TBI of the mechanism of injury of TBI after exposure to blast. Substantial resources have been spent on the IED problem

VandeVord, Pamela

218

U.S. NAVYPROGRAM GUIDE 2014 The U.S. Navy and Marine Corps team is the world's preeminent maritime force  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

global stability that underpins our country's economic vitality, and building trust and confidence with provocative North Korean actions. We patrolled off the shores of Syria,Libya,Egypt,Somalia,and Sudan aircraft carriers in the North Arabian Sea into Afghanistan, and arrayed our forces to enhance stability

219

Geek-Up[09.17.2010]-- Water Blades, Biomass Conversion and Antineutrino Detection  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Scientists have engineered a blade of water that’s strong enough and fast enough to penetrate through steel, which will help soldiers in Afghanistan disable deadly IEDs, plus researchers are currently testing an aboveground water-based antineutrino detector that will improve monitoring capabilities at nuclear facilities.

220

Master of International Public Affairs Degree Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

career, when I was on rotation at the national renewable energy lab. From there I worked in the wind. Alumni have held positions with these agencies and businesses: u American Red Cross u CARE in Afghanistan research office at the U.S. Department of Energy in Washington, D.C." Laura Miner, MIPA '02, Wind Farm

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "afghanistan algeria bahrain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

D I G E S T Public Works  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Kodack 39 Wind tunnels at NASA Langley being removed by FRP, by Debra Valine 40 Renewable energy projects-of-year report, by Gregg Chislett 6 Afghanistan Engineer District-South ends 2011 on high note, by Karla Marshall 2011, by Rachel Goodspeed 16 Sustainable, energy-efficient communities start with great planning

US Army Corps of Engineers

222

PROCEEDINGSof theHUMANFACTORSANDERGONOMICSSOCIETY45thANNUALMEETING-2001 EFFECT OF DISPLAY DESIGN AND SITUATION COMPLEXITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Warfare Center, Dahlgren Division (NSWCDD) about how to most effectively allocate personnel resources, these targets can be attacked with precision from attack preplanned alternate (flex) targets as well safe). against Afghanistan and Sudan in 1998, and in The challenges introduced with the TTWCS center Operation

Virginia, University of

223

The New School, NYC Back to course homepage: http://www.umich.edu/~twod/oil-s2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The New School, NYC Back to course homepage: http://www.umich.edu/~twod/oil-s2010 Version: 28apr10a Syllabus: Geopolitics of Global Oil Graduate Program in International Affairs Development Concentration: Spring 2010 Description: What's oil's role in the Iraq war, the Iran nuclear crisis, in Afghanistan

O'Donnell, Tom

224

Trip report to Stockholm, Sweden, 1-3 September 2008 Background. Sweden has a rich tradition of military and technological (for instance, one  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trip report to Stockholm, Sweden, 1-3 September 2008 Background. Sweden has a rich tradition and execution of peacekeeping and other non classified operations (indeed, Sweden has troops in Afghanistan and The Congo today; they lead the Baltic MDA effort). Sweden's relatively small size makes them forward leaning

225

The University of Washington acts on its great capacity and ambition for addressing vital issues, motivated by the power of shared concern, as is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Personnel (AP) serves as the institutional portal for academic personnel administration. We bring clear transitions for faculty, librarians, and academic staff · Monitor and uphold the high standards for ethics AFGHANISTAN 1 ALBANIA 1 AZERBAIJAN 1 BULARIA 1 BURMA (MYANMAR) 1 CAMEROON 1 COSTA RICA 1 ETHIOPIA 1 JAMAICA 1

Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha

226

Salute to Service: Sustainability and National Security  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Defense, the world's largest institutional consumer of fossil fuels. From Afghanistan to Fort Huachuca, the DoD is aggressively shrinking its carbon footprint and moving toward biofuels, solar, and other. sustainability series The Sustainability Series is presented by ASU's Global Institute of Sustainability. RSVP

Zhang, Junshan

227

The Blind Ones and the Matter of the Beast (Adopted from Idries Shah's Tales of the Dervishes. 1967)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Blind Ones and the Matter of the Beast (Adopted from Idries Shah's Tales of the Dervishes. 1967) Beyond Ghor (Afghanistan) there was a city. All its inhabitants were blind. A king with his entourage to understand and see this great beast, and some sightless from among this blind community ran like fools

O'Laughlin, Jay

228

University of New Orleans Office of Research and Sponsored Programs Weekly Funding Opportunities June 9, 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S. Agency for International Development (USAID); Afghanistan USAID-Kabul: Family Planning, Maternal, Newborn to strengthen and enhance existing primary care services provided through the Ministry of Public Health's (Mo Collaborative Research Partnerships (CRP) to advance science and technology important to understanding

Li, X. Rong

229

2500 University Drive N.W., Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4 www.schulich.ucalgary.ca FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(WLED) lighting solutions powered by renewable energy to the world's poor in ecologically sensitive and remote rural areas. Dr. Irvine-Halliday envisioned LUTW during his sabbatical in Nepal in 1997. He including Afghanistan, Bolivia, China, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Ghana, Guatemala, India

Calgary, University of

230

1. Dumont, Grard-Franois, La France et l'Iran : des nations si lointaines et si proches , Gostratgiques, n 10,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1. Dumont, Gérard-François, « La France et l'Iran : des nations si lointaines et si proches Arménie �mirats ar. unis Turkménistan Azerbaïdjan Arabie saoudite Irak Afghanistan Iran 71,2 69,2 31,9 31

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

231

Addressing Livelihood Challenges Through Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Delhi Islamabad Dhaka New Delhi Kathmandu Islamabad Dhaka I N D I A NEPAL BANGLADESH PA K I S TA N D I A AFGHANISTAN IRAN BANGLADESH Projection: WGS 1984 © NCCR North-South * International borders disparity, migration, livelihood insecurity, land degradation, unequal distri- bution of resources, armed

Richner, Heinz

232

In order for librarians and researchers to make the best use of the resources provided, we understand the importance of training and effective promotion of the services.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order for librarians and researchers to make the best use of the resources provided, we to providing appropriate long-term training on the use of online resources and more. Several training modules@oaresciences.org Afghanistan Angola Armenia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Benin Bhutan Bolivia Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon

Napp, Nils

233

Contact Us! The Center for South Asian Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

emerging in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Ne- pal, Bhutan, the Maldives, and Sri Lanka. Sponsored by the Duke Center for South Asian Studies, the Certificate will provide you with resources countries like India and Bangladesh have become key locations for international businesses looking to export

Zhou, Pei

234

Fi in Gulf Pidgin Arabic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

albaqala GA fii(h) pen. M.PL in the.grocery ‘There are pens in the grocery.’ We propose that fi is a copula verb in GPA and has a function similar to be in English, building on proposals in Smart 1990, Næss 2008, and Bakir 2010...: Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, and nearby areas (Lewis, Simons, Fennig 2013). Smart 1990, Næss 2008, and Bakir 2010 further discuss the sociolinguistic situation of GPA. The syntax of GPA has been little studied in the linguistic...

Potsdam, Eric; Alanazi, Mohammad

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1986  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Licensed oil acreage in the 6 North Africa countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia) totaled 1,500,000 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1986, down 290,000 km/sup 2/ from 1985. About 50% of the relinquishments were in Libya. Most oil and gas discoveries were made in Egypt (16 oil and 2 gas). Several oil finds were reported in onshore Libya, and 1 was reported in Algeria in the southeastern Sahara. According to available statistics, development drilling decreased from 1985 levels, except in Tunisia. A 6.3% decline in oil production took place in 1986, falling below the 3 million bbl level (2,912,000 b/d). Only sparse data are released on the gas output in North Africa. 6 figures, 27 tables.

Michel, R.C.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Africa: Prosperous times  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Legal improvements brighten North Africa production outlook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

North Africa`s three main oil producing countries soon will reap benefits of past moves by their governments to encourage investment by international companies. Production of crude oil and natural gas in Algeria, Egypt, and Libya is ready to increase from suppressed levels of the recent past, says International Energy Agency, Paris. The gains are possible despite political risks, total reserves accounting for only 4% of the world`s crude reserves, and oil prices well below levels of the 1980s, when the countries` flow rates peaked. The reason: producing oil in North Africa is profitable. In a recent study entitled North Africa Oil and Gas, IEA attributes the bright production outlook to improvements that the countries` governments have made in the past decade to hydrocarbon laws and the fiscal terms they offer international investors. According to announced plans, the three countries` combined capacity to produce crude oil will rise 18% by the year 2000 to 3.65 million b/d, and a further gain of 700,000 b/d is possible. IEA expects production capacity for natural gas to increase 50% from its 1995 level by 2000 to a combined 139.4 billion cu m/year. This paper discusses production capacities, Algeria`s record, improvements in Egypt, and Libya`s changes.

NONE

1997-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

238

African oil plays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The vast continent of Africa hosts over eight sedimentary basins, covering approximately half its total area. Of these basins, only 82% have entered a mature exploration phase, 9% have had little or no exploration at all. Since oil was first discovered in Africa during the mid-1950s, old play concepts continue to bear fruit, for example in Egypt and Nigeria, while new play concepts promise to become more important, such as in Algeria, Angola, Chad, Egypt, Gabon, and Sudan. The most exciting developments of recent years in African oil exploration are: (1) the Gamba/Dentale play, onshore Gabon; (2) the Pinda play, offshore Angola; (3) the Lucula/Toca play, offshore Cabinda; (4) the Metlaoui play, offshore Libya/Tunisia; (5) the mid-Cretaceous sand play, Chad/Sudan; and (6) the TAG-I/F6 play, onshore Algeria. Examples of these plays are illustrated along with some of the more traditional oil plays. Where are the future oil plays likely to develop No doubt, the Saharan basins of Algeria and Libya will feature strongly, also the presalt of Equatorial West Africa, the Central African Rift System and, more speculatively, offshore Ethiopia and Namibia, and onshore Madagascar, Mozambique, and Tanzania.

Clifford, A.J. (BHP Petroleum, Melbourne, Victoria (Australia))

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

GICHD Mine Dog Testing Project - Soil Sample Results No.3  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A mine dog evaluation project initiated by the Geneva International Center for Humanitarian Demining is evaluating the capability and reliability of mine detection dogs. The performance of field-operational mine detection dogs will be measured in test minefields in Afghanistan and Bosnia containing actual, but unfused landmines. Repeated performance testing over two years through various seasonal weather conditions will provide data simulating near real world conditions. Soil samples will be obtained adjacent to the buried targets repeatedly over the course of the test. Chemical analysis results from these soil samples will be used to evaluate correlations between mine dog detection performance and seasonal weather conditions. This report documents the analytical chemical methods and results from the third batch of soils received. This batch contained samples from Kharga, Afghanistan collected in October 2002.

PHELAN, JAMES M.; BARNETT, JAMES L.; BENDER, SUSAN FAE ANN; ARCHULETA, LUISA M.

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

GICHD mine dog testing project - soil sample results #4.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A mine dog evaluation project initiated by the Geneva International Center for Humanitarian Demining is evaluating the capability and reliability of mine detection dogs. The performance of field-operational mine detection dogs will be measured in test minefields in Afghanistan and Bosnia containing actual, but unfused landmines. Repeated performance testing over two years through various seasonal weather conditions will provide data simulating near real world conditions. Soil samples will be obtained adjacent to the buried targets repeatedly over the course of the test. Chemical analysis results from these soil samples will be used to evaluate correlations between mine dog detection performance and seasonal weather conditions. This report documents the analytical chemical methods and results from the fourth batch of soils received. This batch contained samples from Kharga, Afghanistan collected in April 2003 and Sarajevo, Bosnia collected in May 2003.

Barnett, James L.; Phelan, James M.; Archuleta, Luisa M.; Wood, Tyson B.; Donovan, Kelly L.; Bender, Susan Fae Ann

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "afghanistan algeria bahrain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

The oil policies of the Gulf Arab Nations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

At its heart, Arab oil policy is inseparable from Arab economic and social policy. This holds whether we are talking about the Arab nations as a group or each separately. The seven Arab nations covered in this report-Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates--participate in several organizations focusing on regional cooperation regarding economic development, social programs, and Islamic unity, as well as organizations concerned with oil policies. This report focuses on the oil-related activities of the countries that may reveal the de facto oil policies of the seven Persian Gulf nations. Nevertheless it should be kept in mind that the decision makers participating in the oil policy organizations are also involved with the collaborative efforts of these other organizations. Oil policies of five of the seven Arab nations are expressed within the forums of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC). Only Oman, among the seven, is not a member of either OAPEC or OPEC; Bahrain is a member of OAPEC but not of OPEC. OPEC and OAPEC provide forums for compromise and cooperation among their members. Nevertheless, each member state maintains its own sovereignty and follows its own policies. Each country deviates from the group prescription from time to time, depending upon individual circumstances.

Ripple, R.D.; Hagen, R.E.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

An Innovative Approach for Data Collection and Handling to Enable Advancements in Micro Air Vehicle Persistent Surveillance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vehicle Persistent Surveillance. (August 2009) Ryan David Goodnight, B.S., Texas A&M University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Helen Reed The success of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) in the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts has led to increased... .............................. 24 10 Paparazzi Tiny V2.1 Autopilot System ...................................................... 25 11 Aerovironment Black Widow MAV Subsystem Anatomy ........................ 28 12 Texas A&M University Integrated MAV (IMAV) Inventor...

Goodnight, Ryan David

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

243

An Analysis of Toponymic Homonyms in Gazetteers: Country-Level Duplicate Names in the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency’s Geographic Names Data Base  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

coverage.[2] Typically, when Americans speak of a place in a foreign country, they use the name followed by the country, with no additional hierarchy or feature type information. We say Stockholm, Sweden; not Stockholm, Stockholms L?n, Sweden... of higher values running from the northwest to the southeast across Eurasia, Africa, and the Americas. Eurasia has Russia, China, Iran, Indonesia, and Afghanistan [5] in the top five, with Germany, France, Poland, Belgium, and Sweden, North Korea, Taiwan...

Caldwell, Douglas R.

2008-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

244

King Hassan II: Morocco's Messenger of Peace  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, peace is not the first thought that comes to mind. Since the creation of the state of Israel in 1948, Arabs and Israelis have been struggling to co-exist peacefully. If policy makers are aiming at stability in the broader Middle East, it is crucial..., was the protection of the Moroccan throne. 1 In addition to Israel, he created and maintained relations with various countries to create a more balanced Maghreb, (the Arabic name for the area consisting of Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia and sometimes Libya) 2...

Cross, Megan

2007-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

245

Africa's natural gas: potentialities and letdowns  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although Africa has experienced 10 times less hydrocarbon exploration than Western Europe, its proved gas reserves already amount to 220-223 trillion CF or 7% of world reserves, while Europe holds 6% or 167 TCF. Yet Africa marketed only 1.3 TCF in 1982 against Europe's 6.5 TCF. Because of the lack of domestic demand for gas, Africa flares up to 21% of its gas output. Algeria is the continent's primary gas consumer, with Egypt, Libya, and Nigeria trying to expand local gas markets. The vast majority of marketed African gas goes to Europe, either as gas sent through the Trans-Med pipeline or as LNG via tanker.

Baladian, K.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

EOR projects in differing technical and economic environments: an overview  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The attitude of the oil industry toward the implementation of enhanced oil recovery (EOR) projects depends on technical, economic, and strategic constraints which vary from country to country. Three geographic areas are emphasized where most of the current EOR projects are being performed: the U.S., the European Economic Community, and the COMECON countries. EOR projects also are under way in other oil countries of the Americas (Canada, Venezuela, Mexico, Trinidad, Brazil, Columbia, and Chile), as well as in North Africa (Algeria, Libya) and Indonesia.

Chierici, G.L.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

NONE

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

OPEC production: Capital limitations, environmental movements may interfere with expansion plans  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Obtaining capital is a critical element in the production expansion plans of OPEC member countries. Another issue that may impact the plans is the environmental taxes that may reduce the call on OPEC oil by 5 million b/d in 2000 and about 16 million b/d in the year 2010. This concluding part of a two-part series discusses the expansion possibilities of non-Middle East OPEC members, OPEC's capital requirements, and environmental concerns. Non-Middle East OPEC includes Algeria, Gabon, Indonesia, Libya, Nigeria, and Venezuela.

Ismail, I.A.H. (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, Vienna (Austria))

1994-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

249

Africa: Unrest and restrictive terms limit abundant potential. [Oil and gas exploration and development in Africa  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the drilling and exploration activity of the oil and gas industries of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, the Congo, Angola, and South Africa. Information is provided on current and predicted trends in well drilling activities (both onshore and offshore), numbers of new wells, footage information, production statistics and what fields accounted for this production, and planned new exploration activities. The paper also describes the current status of government policies and political problems affecting the oil and gas industry.

Not Available

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

West Nile Encephalitis in Humans and Horses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as Russia, Ukraine, Italy, Spain (1960s-1990s); Algeria (1994); Morocco (1996); Romania (1996-1997); Czech Republic 8/00 * Associate Professor and Extension Swine Veterinarian, Texas Agricul- tural Extension Service and Dept. of Large Animal Medicine... and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Texas A&M University System. (1997); Democratic Republic of the Congo and Italy (1998); and Russia (1999). In addition to the human cases in New York, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Centers...

Lawhorn, D. Bruce

2000-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

251

3ctab.xlsx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-onASTROPHYSICS H.CarbonMarch Value4 3.P D ATFOR M Algeria

252

3dtab.xlsx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-onASTROPHYSICS H.CarbonMarch Value4 3.P D ATFOR M AlgeriaQ1

253

Nepali Aawaz Volume 1, Issue 13, 14 April 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1968 with Bulgaria 20 April, 1968 with Romania 29 April, 1968 with Algeria 15 April. 1971 with Ethiopia 8 April, 1972 with Bangladesh 18 April, 1975 with Cambodia 14 April, 1984 with Tunisia 28 April, 1987 with Venezuela 20 April, 1992 with Estonia... to participate in making history during the 1990’s movement, but there are no excuses now. You are educated, you have access to resources that others might now. Why not say “I think democracy is the right path and not autocracy or violence” publicly...

Shrestha, Kashish Das

254

Middle East: Slow year on the Gulf  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article surveys the petroleum outlook in the Middle East area. Observations include: Saudi Arabia's money crunch continues to keep the lid on exploration, production work; Abu Dhabi has also curtailed operations because of low oil prices, reduced budgets; Followup drilling has been disappointing around recent gas strikes in Sharjah, Dubai; Oman's aggressive EandP program will result in a 30% drilling increase this year; Kuwait isn't slowing down its development of light oil either; the goal is 40 new wells; Iran and Iraq are still boosting export capacities despite attacks on oil facilities; North Yemen's Alief field is a major find. Numerous structures remain to be drilled; Syria, Bahrain have development projects underway. Turkey is attracting U.S. majors.

Not Available

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Middle East: Iran isn't missed much  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A concerted effort to further develop productive capacity is evident in most Middle Eastern Countries, through exploration, field development, and secondary recovery. Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Abu Dhabi all plan expanded petroleum industry programs in 1980. Oil production in Saudi Arabia through the first one-half of 1980 averaged 9.5 million bpd, and the Saudis are proceeding with the large-scale associated gas utilization and industrialization program. Iraq's near-term interest is in development of the Majnoon Discovery. Abu Dhabi is continuing efforts to complete development of a giant offshore field and finalize an onshore/offshore associated gas utilization facility. Only Iran and Kuwait are expected to be relatively inactive in petroleum programs during the remainder of 1980. Individual country reports are presented for Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Iran, Kuwait, the Divided Neutral Zone, Qatar, Oman, Bahrain, Syria, Turkey, Israel, Jordan, South Yemen, and Yemen Arab Republic.

Not Available

1980-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

256

Investigating the Current Terrorist Threat to the U.S. Homeland - Determining al-Qa'ida's Targeting Strategy: Who's in the Crosshairs?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the withdrawal of Western forces from Muslim lands, and 4 establishing a global Caliphate. 5 Introduction Al-Qa‘ida: Then and Now In the years leading up to September 11, 2001, al-Qa?ida functioned primarily as a top- down organization whose... attacks.1 That trend of direct involvement in all stages of an operation‘s planning lasted until after the 9/11 attacks when the United States invaded Afghanistan and drove al-Qa?ida from its base in late 2001.2 US and allied counterterrorism...

Bacon-Ward, Ashley; Bell, Kevin; Brandt, Gretchen; Brown, Nathan; Figuerola, Andy; Foix, Marissa; Formanek, Mary; Holden, David; Vrdoljak, Denis

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

University Calendar, April 17, 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Bliss 2007).” 7 p.m. 318 Bailey Hall. Free. Sponsored by Center for Russian, East European and Eurasian Studies. Call 785-864-4248. Meeting. KU Peace Corps Sendoff. 7 p.m. Jayhawk Room, Kansas Union. Free. Sponsored by Peace Corps. Call 785... Fraser Hall. Cost: $30/8 sessions. Sponsored by Department of Psychology. Call 785-864-4121. Conference. Annual KU-Fort Leavenworth Security Conference: "Afghanistan 2014: Impacts on Global Security.” 8 a.m. Malott Room, Kansas Union. Free...

2012-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

258

Study Design And Realization Of Solar Water Heater  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solar is one of the most easily exploitable energy, it is moreover inexhaustible. His applications are many and are varied. The heating of the domestic water is one of the most immediate, simplest and also of most widespread exploitation of the solar energy. Algeria, from its geographical situation, it deposits one of the largest high sun surface expositions in the world. The exposition duration of the almost territory exceeds 2000 hours annually and can reach the 3900 hours (high plateaus and Sahara). By knowing the daily energy received by 1 m{sup 2} of a horizontal surface of the solar thermal panel is nearly around 1700 KWh/m{sup 2} a year in the north and 2263 KWh/m{sup 2} a year in the south of the country, we release the most important and strategic place of the solar technologies in the present and in the future for Algeria. This work consists to study, conceive and manufacture solar water heating with the available local materials so, this type of the energy will be profitable for all, particularly the poor countries. If we consider the illumination duration of the panel around 6 hours a day, the water heat panel manufactured in our laboratory produce an equivalent energy of 11.615 KWh a day so, 4239 KWh a year. These values of energy can be easily increased with performing the panel manufacture.

Lounis, M. [LAAR Laboratory-Physics Department-USTOMB 31000 Oran (Algeria); Boudjemaa, F.; Akil, S. Kouider [Genie Climatic Department-CUKM 44000-Khemis Miliana (Algeria)

2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

259

- Nord-Maroc (Rif):  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this paper is to establish correspondences between dental stops in seven berber dialects (six from Morocco and one from Algeria). We will be particularly interested in the process of spirantization. The proces, particularly developed in the northern dialects, is starting to affect central dialects as well. we will show that in some dialects (Ayt sadden, Ayt Ouzin and Ayt Mansour) the development of spirantization is phonetically conditioned. 1. Distribution géographique des parlers berbères Le domaine berbère couvre une vaste zone géographique qui s'étend de l'océan Atlantique à la frontière égyptienne et de la Méditerranée jusqu'au fleuve Niger (voir carte 1). Sur cette vaste étendue, les berbérophones ne forment pas une masse compacte; ils se répartissent en îlots d'importance très variable (voir Basset 1952 et

A L' evolution Des Occlusives; Dentales Du Proto-berbere; N. Louali; J. M. Hombert; Ayt Youssi; Ayt Mansour

260

Africa planned gas lines will meet future demand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The burgeoning European market for natural gas is expected to create major gas line construction. The potential for North Africa looks particularly promising in 1991. Italy's ENI has proposed a 6,000-km (3,728-mi) gas network in North Africa to connect gas-rich Libya and Algeria with Morocco and Mauritania, making large volumes available to the European market. According to the proposal, a gas line would run from the Sirte Basin in Libya west to Mauritania. Extending the line eastward through Egypt and on to the Arabian Peninsula would provide export access. In this paper initial studies are examine reserve projections for the next 20 years, then based on results, a transmission/distribution network will be designed, including an offshore gathering system.

Not Available

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

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261

Exploration limited since '70s in Libya's Sirte basin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Esso Standard made the first Libyan oil discovery in the western Ghadames basin in 1957. The Atshan-2 well tested oil from Devonian sandstones, and the play was a continuation of the Paleozoic trend found productive in the neighboring Edjeleh region of eastern Algeria. Exploration in the Sirte basin began in earnest in 1958. Within the next 10 years, 16 major oil fields had been discovered, each with recoverable reserves greater than 500 million bbl of oil. Libya currently produces under OPEC quota approximately 1.4 million b/d of oil, with discovered in-place reserves of 130 billion bbl of oil. The paper describes the structural framework, sedimentary basins of Libya, the Sirte basin, petroleum geology, play types, source rocks, generation and migration of hydrocarbons, oil reserves, potential, and acreage availability.

Thomas, D. (Thomas and Associates, Hastings (United Kingdom))

1995-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

262

Africa: It's good news, bad news - again  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article presents the outlook for African petroleum. Observations include: Nigerian oil revenues will be $6-7 billion this year, down 50% from '84; Egyptian drillers are still going strong in the Western Desert and Gulf of Suez; Algeria is looking for natural gas buyers, and they have plenty of gas to sell-cheap; Even with new petroleum legislation, Tunisian production and reserves are falling; Libya's bozo leader is feeling the effects of falling oil revenues and falling bombs; Angola continues as a hot spot of activity with 42 successful oil strikes last year; Crude production jumped 29% in Cameroun last year with three new fields onstream; Congo is another West African winner due to major commitments by Elf and Agip.

Not Available

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

The post-war Middle East  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Middle East remains today the global energy fulcrum. One year after the Persian Gulf war, the region is in greater turmoil and political uncertainty than it has known in modern times. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and subsequent external military intervention forced neighboring states to question the need for a foreign military presence in the future. The rift between the secular revolutionary states in the region led by Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Algeria, and Syria and the traditional monarchy of Saudi Arabia and the emirates of the gulf has widened. Egypt provides, at present, an uncomfortable bridge. The balance of political forces may be shifting. This paper attempts to answer the following questions: Where will we see the new leadership in the Middle East Will it again play a role through the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and determination of the oil price in shaping the structure of global energy supply and demand

Tempest, P.

1992-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

264

Oil and gas developments in north Africa in 1987  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The recovery of international petroleum activity in 1987 was reflected slightly in the 6 North Africa countries covered in this report (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia). Licensed area increased marginally to about 2,594,000 km/sup 2/ (up 0.5% from 1986), whereas surface exploration and drilling decreased significantly (about 30% and 20%, respectively, from 1986 levels). The two OPEC-member countries adhered to imposed quotas, recording somewhat lower production levels in 1987 than in 1986; however, total production of the North Africa countries increased to 3,025,000 BOPD (up 2% from 1986) as Egypt recorded all-time highs for both liquids and natural gas production. 7 figs., 29 tabs.

Popescu, B.M.

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Chirac of France: A new leader of the west?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In foreign and security policy the issues for France are contradictory nature of Chirac`s goals or in the incompatibility of the means to those ends. Chirac`s modernized Gaullist formula for independent French action to meet the exigencies of the post-Cold War world may be irreconcilable with the constraints and demands of the European unification process. The goal of independence may not mesh with the retention of influence. An immediate, concrete example is the apparent contradiction between France`s European and world ambitions and its resumption of nuclear testing. Four foreign policy themes have dominated the initial months of Chirac`s presidency: the war in Bosnia, nuclear testing, European relations, and the conflict in Algeria and its repercussions in France. These themes are examined in more detail.

Moiesi, D.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Snamprogetti signs MTBE contracts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Snamprogetti (Milan) will use a Russian-developed dehydrogenation process in a world-scale methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) plant it is to build at Arzew, Algeria for a previously announced joint venture of Sonatrach (Algiers), Total (Paris), and Ecofuel (Milan). The 600,000-m.t./year plant will be the first in the West to use the improved Snamprogetti-Yarsintez fluidized-bed dehydrogenation (FBD) technology proven on a demonstration plant at Yaroslavl, Russia. The process has also been selected for use in Oxyfuel Corp.`s 500,000-m.t./year MTBE plant near Beaumont, TX. Although the environmental permit is already in place, final agreement for this project has not yet been signed.

Alperowicz, N.

1992-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

267

High temperature solar thermal technology: The North Africa Market  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High temperature solar thermal (HTST) technology offers an attractive option for both industrialized and non-industrialized countries to generate electricity and industrial process steam. The purpose of this report is to assess the potential market for solar thermal applications in the North African countries of Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia. North Africa was selected because of its outstanding solar resource base and the variety of applications to be found there. Diminishing oil and gas resources, coupled with expanding energy needs, opens a large potential market for the US industry. The US high temperature solar trough industry has little competition globally and could build a large market in these areas. The US is already familiar with certain solar markets in North Africa due to the supplying of substantial quantities of US-manufactured flat plate collectors to this region.

Not Available

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

North Africa  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The total area covered by petroleum rights in the six countries described in this paper increased by more than 17% in 1980 compared to 1979. Joint venture agreements were finalized for 19 blocks over 94,000 km/sup 2/ in the Algerian venture. Although official information is scarce for Algeria and Libya, seismic activity probably increased in 1980 compared to 1979. Exploration drilling activity increased with 121 wildcats drilled compared to 93 during the previous year. This effort led to 40 discoveries, a 34.5% success ratio. Chevron was especially successful in wildcatting, with 6 oil discoveries for 8 wells drilled in the interior basins of Sudan. One Moroccan discovery can be considered as a highlight: the BRPM Meskala 101 well in the Essaouira basin found an apparently large amount of gas in Triassic sandstones. This discovery deserves special attention, since the gas has been found in Triassic pays rather than in the usual Jurassic pays in the Essaouira basin. Oil production in North Africa decreased from about 13.5% in 1980, with about 3,405,000 barrels of oil per day compared to 3,939,500 barrels of oil per day in 1979. When oil output strongly decreased in Algeria (-16.4%) and Libya (-15.6%), Tunisian production peaked at 116,287 barrels of oil per day and Egypt production also peaked at 584,148 barrels of oil per day. Total gas production in 1980 strongly declined from 44%, mostly due to the decline of the Algerian gas production. 8 figures, 40 tables.

Nicod, M.A.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Trade balance instability and the optimal exchange rate regime: The case of OPEC countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The OPEC members have experienced wide fluctuations in their trade balances. This can be attributed to several factors: (1) heavy dependence of national income and export earnings on a single primary export-oil; (2) instability of price and world demand for oil; and (3) the exchange rate regime practiced in recent years. An exchange rate policy can be used to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance, given the changes in exchange rates of major international currencies. The purpose of this study is two fold; first, examine the effects of fluctuations in trade balance on the OPEC economies, and second, propose appropriate exchange rate regime for selected OPEC members. The study is divided into two parts. The first part demonstrates the impact of trade balance changes on national income and other macroeconomic variables using a Keynesian framework. The second part involves using conventional trade models to search for the appropriate exchange rate regime to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance of each selective country. The study's findings are: first, fluctuations in trade balances had negative effects on the economics of Algeria, Kuwait, Libya, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Second, the current exchange rate regime of no sample country is optimal in minimizing trade balance fluctuations. Third, in contrast to expectations, U.S. dollar peg did not stabilize the trade balance of any OPEC member. Finally, the results show that the sample OPEC economies could have enjoyed faster - though with different degree - economic growth if they had pegged their currencies to the derived optimal exchange rate regime. These optimal exchange rate regimes are: the SDR for Algeria and the United Arab Emirates, the purchasing power parity for Libya and Saudi Arabia, and the real Yen for Kuwait.

Aljerrah, M.A.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Emergency planning for the Persian Gulf  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This was a talk given by Edward Teller for the LAMPF Users Group, Inc. The subjects discussed included: the SALT Treaty, military strengths of the USSR and USA, civil defense preparedness, the present Iranian-Afghanistan situations, and the possibility that the USSR will gain control of the mid-east oil industry. He suggested the following possibilities in preparing for the latter situation: the synthesis of oil from wood; the use of Alaskan coal by coal-slurry transport; the use of metha-coal; the use of in-situ coal gasification; the use of wind power; and the use of nuclear power. Several innovations currently underway in the state of Washington under the direction of Governor Dixie Lee Ray are pointed out. (DC)

Teller, E.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

LLNL/LANS mission committee meeting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent events continue to show the national security imperative of the global security mission: (1) Fighting Proliferation - (a) At Yongbyon, 'a modern, industrial-scale U-enrichment facility w/2000 centrifuges' seen Nov. 2010, (b) In Iran, fueling began at Bushehr while P5+1/lran talks delayed to Dec. 2010; (2) Continuing need to support the warfighter and IC - (a) tensions on the Korean peninsula, (b) primitative IEDs a challenge in Afghanistan, (c) cyber command, (d)another Georgian smuggling event; and (3) Countering terrorisms on US soil - (a) toner cartridge bomb, (b) times square bomb, (c) christmas tree bomb. Joint Technical Operations Team (JTOT) and Accident Response Group (ARG) elements deployed to two East Coast locations in November to work a multi-weapon scenario. LANL provided 70% of on-duty field and reconstitution teams for both Marble Challenge 11-01 and JD 11-01. There were a total of 14 deployments in FY10.

Burns, Michael J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

272

Reducing Our Carbon Footprint: A Low-Energy House in Berkeley, Kabul, and Washington DC (LBNL Science at the Theater)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

How well can we assess and improve building energy performance in California homes? How much energy-and carbon-do homes use in other parts of the world? Rick Diamond, deputy group leader of the Berkeley Lab Energy Performance of Buildings Group, discusses change, global solutions, and the stories of three houses in Berkeley, Kabul (Afghanistan), and Washington, D.C. Diamond, who is also a senior advisor at the California Institute for Energy and Environment, investigates user interactions with the built environment for improved building energy performance. The group has studied a wide range of issues related to energy use in housing, including duct system efficiency, user behavior, and infiltration and ventilation measurements.

Diamond, Rick

2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

273

Radiative effects of the smoke clouds from the Kuwait oil fires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The radiative effects of the smoke from the Kuwait oil fires were assessed by measuring downwelling and upwelling solar flux, as well as spectral solar extinction beneath, above, and within the smoke plume. Seven radiation flight missions were undertaken between May 16 and June 2, 1991, to characterize the plume between the source region in Kuwait and approximately 200 km south, near Manama, Bahrain. The authors present results from one flight representative of conditions of the composite plume. On May 18, 1991, in a homogeneous, well-mixed region of smoke approximately 100 km downstream of the fires, visible optical depths as high as 2 were measured, at which time transmission to the surface was 8%, while 78% of the solar radiation was absorbed by the smoke. The calculated instantaneous heating rate inside the plume reached 24 K/d. While these effects are probably typical of those regions in the Persian Gulf area directly covered by the smoke, there is no evidence to suggest significant climatic effects in other regions. 13 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Pilewskie, P.; Valero, F.P.J. [NASA/Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA (United States)

1992-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

274

CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. (eds.)

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

North African petroleum geology: regional structure and stratigraphic overview of a hydrocarbon-rich cratonic area  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

North Africa, including Sinai, contains some of the most important hydrocarbon-producing basins in the world. The North African Symposium is devoted to examining the exploration potential of the North African margin in light of the most recent and promising exploration discoveries. The geologic variety of the region is extraordinary and can challenge any exploration philosophy. Of primary interest are the Sirte basin of Libya, which has produced several billion barrels of oil, and the Gulf of Suez, a narrow, evaporite-capped trough with five fields that will produce more than 5 billion bbl. Both are extensional basins with minimal lateral movement and with good source rocks in direct proximity to reservoirs. Structural models of these basins give firm leads for future exploration. More difficult to evaluate are the Tethyan realm basins of the northern Sinai, and the Western Desert of Egypt, the Cyrenaican Platform of Libya, and the Tunisia-Sicily shelf area, where there are only limited subsurface data. These basins are extensional in origin also, but have been influenced by lateral tectonics. Favorable reservoirs exist, but source rocks have been a problem locally. Structural models with strong stratigraphic response offer several favorable play concepts. The Paleozoic Ghadames basin in Libya, Tunisia, and Algeria has the least complex structural history, and production appears to be limited to small structures. A series of stratigraphic models indicates additional areas with exploration potential. The Paleozoic megabasin of Morocco, with its downfaulted Triassic grabens, remains an untested but attractive area.

O'Connor, T.E.; Kanes, W.H.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Petroleum geology of Tunisia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent discoveries and important oil shows have proven the existence of hydrocarbons in newly identified depocenters and reservoirs. In general, except for some areas around the producing fields, Tunisia is largely underdrilled. The national company ETAP has decided to release data and to publish a synthesis on the petroleum geology of Tunisia. The geology of Tunisia provides a fine example of the contrast between Alpine folding, which typifies northern Tunisia and the African craton area of the Saharan part. Eastern Tunisia corresponds to an unstable platform forming plains or low hills and extending eastwards to the shallow Pelagian Sea. There are a wide variety of basins: central and northern Tunisia represents a front basin the Saharan Ghadames basin or the Chott trough are sag basins; the Gulf of Gabes was formed as a distension margin the Gulf of Hammamet is a composite basin and several transversal grabens cut across the country, including offshore, and are rift-type basins. All these features are known to be oil prolific throughout the world. Two large fields and many modest-size pools are known in Tunisia. Oil and gas fields in the surrounding countries, namely the Saharan fields of Algeria and Libya the large Bouri field offshore Tripolitania and discoveries in the Italian part of the Straits of Sicily, suggest a corresponding potential in Tunisia. Exposed paleogeographic and structural maps, balanced sections, and examples of fields and traps will support an optimistic evaluation of the future oil exploration in Tunisia.

Burollet, P.F. (CIFEG, Paris (France)); Ferjami, A.B.; Mejri, F. (ETAP, Tunis (Tunisia))

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Biostratigraphic interpretation for the cyclic sedimentation in northwestern Libya  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mesozoic sediments in western Libya are best exposed along the Jabal Nafusah escarpment. This northeast-southwest trending structure overlooks the Al Jifarah plain and extends more than 300 km westward to connect with a T-shaped anticlinorium in Algeria and Tunisia. The Al Aziziyan fault (normal, north side down) parallels the northern edge of the escarpment and marks its initial position. Alternate deposition of marine and continental sediments began in the Triassic before the formation of a major monocline in the Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous time. Subsequent epiorogenic movements and isostatic adjustments initiated a westward sloping shelf along the southern edge of the Tethys. As a result, the eastern and central regions of western Libya were subjected to severe erosion and coalescing of unconformities towards the topographic highs, prior to the deposition of the overstepping Kiklah Formation. Geometrical and physical interpretation of the Mesozoic sediments in the region, combined with paleogeographic reconstruction indicate that the post-Hercynian epiorogenic adjustments and fluctuations of the Tethys resulted in local cyclic sedimentation. Accurate age assessment of the boundaries between the Jurassic-Early Cretaceous facies in northwestern Libya can be carried out on the basis of microfloral and faunal distribution and makes possible correlation of aquifers and probable oil-bearing sequences in western Libya.

Tekbali, A.O.; Cornell, W.C. (Univ. of Texas at El Paso, (United States) Dept. of Geological Sciences)

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Geology and hydrocarbon potential of the Hamada and Murzuq basins in western Libya  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hamada and Murzuq intracratonic basins of western Libya form a continuation of the Saharan basin which stretches from Algeria eastward into Tunisia and Libya. The tectonics and sedimentology of this region have been greatly influenced by the Caledonian and Hercynian orogenies. Northwest- and northeast-trending faults are characteristic of the broad, shallow basins. The Cambrian-Ordovician sediments are fluvial to shallow marine. The Silurian constitutes a complete sedimentary cycle, ranging from deep marine shales to shallow marine and deltaic sediments. The Devonian occupies a unique position between two major orogenies. The Mesozoic strata are relatively thin. The Triassic consists of well-developed continental sands, whereas the Jurassic and Cretaceous sediments are mainly lagoonal dolomites, evaporites, and shales. Silurian shales are the primary source rock in the area. The quality of the source rock appears to be better in the deeper part of the basin than on its periphery. The Paleozoic has the best hydrocarbon potential. Hydrocarbons have also been encountered in the Triassic and Carboniferous. In the Hamada basin, the best-known field is the El Hamra, with reserves estimated at 155 million bbl from the Devonian. Significant accumulations of oil have been found in the Silurian. Tlacsin and Tigi are two fields with Silurian production. In the Murzuq basin the Cambrian-Ordovician has the best production capability. However, substantial reserves need to be established before developing any field in this basin. Large areas still remain unexplored in western Libya.

Kirmani, K.U.; Elhaj, F.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1983  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Petroleum rights in the 6 countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered by this paper amounted to 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1983, an 11% decrease from the 2,044,851 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1982. This decrease is mostly due to relinquishments in Sudan. Onshore seismic activity decreased in all countries except Sudan, where it slightly increased. Marine seismic activity increased by 85%, mostly due to significant efforts in Morocco and Egypt. Exploration drilling activity increased with 179 wildcats completed in 1983 compared to 166 in 1982. The success rate was 44.7% compared to 36% in 1982. No discoveries were made in Morocco. No new hydrocarbon province was discovered in 1983. Development drilling sharply increased in Egypt and remained at about the same levels in the other countries as in 1982. In Sudan, Chevron started in late September the first development drilling operations in Unity field. Oil production, with a daily average of 2,872,000 bbl, was at the same level as in 1982. In Egypt, 7 new fields went on-stream in the Gulf of Suez, 2 in the Western Desert, and 1 in the Eastern Desert. One field was put on-stream in Libya and 4 in Tunisia. Utilized gas production probably remained at the same level as in 1982 (2000 mmcf/day). 9 figures, 28 tables.

Nicod, M.A.

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "afghanistan algeria bahrain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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281

Role of modern climate and hydrology in world oil preservation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The accumulation of oil requires a favorable source, a reservoir, good seal-rock quality, and suitably timed thermal history and structuring. The accumulated oil, especially its light fractions, may be subsequently removed by hydrologically controlled processes such as water washing, biodegradation, and tilting of the oil-water contact. These processes are dependent on the climate. In regions that have become increasingly cold or dry during late Cenozoic time, low rainfall, low ground-water flow rates, and low input of nutrients and microorganisms have protected the oil; in warm or temperate rainy climates, high flow rates and high input of nutrients and microorganisms have led to partial or total removal of oil. Thus, most of the rich (>500,000 barrels/day) oil provinces on land are in cold or dry regions, where water is recharged in highlands that receive little rain (<500 mm/yr), such as Texas, Oklahoma, Wyoming, Alaska's North Slope, California, Algeria, Libya, Egypt, the Middle East, the Volga-Ural basin, and western Siberia. Where upland recharge areas are warm or temperate and rainy, as in the eastern United States, western Europe, sub-Saharan Africa, Brazil, India, and most of China, rich oil provinces on land (outside young deltas) are rare, and biodegradation is widespread. 32 refs., 2 figs.

Szatmari, P. (Petrobras Research Center, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil))

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Libyan Paleozoic: A review of the factors limiting hydrocarbon potential  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Of the three main Paleozoic basins - Ghadames, Murquz, and Kufra - only the Ghadames and its continuation into Algeria, the Illizi (or Fort Polignac) basin, has yielded hydrocarbons in significant quantity. The Paleozoic on the Cyrenaica platform and basement of the Sirte basin has a potential not fully considered. The paleogeography of the Paleozoic system is reviewed to illustrate the extent to which inherited and reactivated basement-controlled structures have influenced later Paleozoic sedimentation and hence the distribution of source rocks, reservoirs, and seals. In all instances, the source rocks are restricted to shales of the Tanezufft Formation or occur in the Upper Devonian Aouinet Oeunine Formation. Multiple fine-grained sequences serve as seals in all the fields. The reservoirs range from the well-cemented but highly fractured Cambrian-Ordovician Gargaf sandstones to the Acacus-Tadrart clastics to the fine-grained Lower Carboniferous Tahara Sandstone. The principal plays are associated with minor structures, and stratigraphic trapping mechanisms play a minor role. The average field size (excluding the Sirte basin) is approximately 80 million bbl of recoverable oil. Paleozoic structural plays in the Sirte basin and the Cyrenaica platform include reactivated infra-Cambrian faults. The lower Paleozoic accumulations of the Murzuq basin are tied to large structures. With the exception of local areas in the Ghadames basin, the Paleozoic succession remains a stratigraphic frontier province - still incompletely explored but with several interesting possibilities for large amounts of stratigraphically trapped hydrocarbons.

Kanes, W.H.; Mairn, A.E.M.; Aburawi, R.M.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Depositional sequence evolution, Paleozoic and early Mesozoic of the central Saharan platform, North Africa  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over 30 depositional sequences have been identified in the Paleozoic and lower Mesozoic of the Ghadames basin of eastern Algeria, southern Tunisia, and western Libya. Well logs and lithologic information from more than 500 wells were used to correlate the 30 sequences throughout the basin (total area more than 1 million km{sup 2}). Based on systematic change in the log response of strata in successively younger sequences, five groups of sequences with distinctive characteristics have been identified: Cambro-Ordivician, Upper Silurian-Middle Devonian, Upper Devonian, Carboniferous, and Middle Triassic-Middle Jurassic. Each sequence group is terminated by a major, tectonically enhanced sequence boundary that is immediately overlain (except for the Carboniferous) by a shale-prone interval deposited in response to basin-wide flooding. The four Paleozoic sequence groups were deposited on the Saharan platform, a north facing, clastic-dominated shelf that covered most of North Africa during the Paleozoic. The sequence boundary at the top of the Carboniferous sequence group is one of several Permian-Carboniferous angular unconformities in North Africa related to the Hercynian orogeny. The youngest sequence group (Middle Triassic to Middle Jurassic) is a clastic-evaporite package that onlaps southward onto the top of Paleozoic sequence boundary. The progressive changes from the Cambrian to the Jurassic, in the nature of the Ghadames basin sequences is a reflection of the interplay between basin morphology and tectonics, vegetation, eustasy, climate, and sediment supply.

Sprague, A.R.G. (Exxon Production Research Co., Houston, TX (United States))

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Africa gaining importance in world LPG trade  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Major LPG projects planned or under way in Africa will increase the importance of that region`s presence in world LPG trade. Supplies will nearly double between 1995 and 2005, at which time they will remain steady for at least 10 years. At the same time that exports are leveling, however, increasing domestic demand for PG is likely to reduce export-market participation by Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, and Libya. The growth of Africa`s participation in world LPG supply is reflected in comparisons for the next 15--20 years. Total world supply of LPG in 1995 was about 165 million metric tons (tonnes), of which Africans share was 7.8 million tonnes. By 2000, world supply will grow to slightly more than 200 million tonnes, with Africa`s share expected to increase to 13.2 million tonnes (6.6%). And by 2005, world LPG supply will reach nearly 230 million tonnes; Africa`s overall supply volumes by that year will be nearly 16.2 million tonnes (7%). World LPG supply for export in 1995 was on order of 44 million tonnes with Africa supply about 4 million tonnes (9%). By 2005, world export volumes of LPG will reach nearly 70 million tonnes; Africa`s share will have grown by nearly 10 million tonnes (14.3%).

Haun, R.R. [Purvin and Gertz Inc., Dallas, TX (United States); Otto, K.W.; Whitley, S.C. [Purvin and Gertz Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1997-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

285

Growing Brazilian demand to spur gas network in South America  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A recent combination in South America of economic and geopolitical factors is prompting development of a new integrated gas-pipeline network in the continent's Southern Cone. The crucial factors include privatization, regional integration, economic growth, and environmental concerns. The area, Latin America's largest regional entity, includes Brazil (population 150 million and a 1990 GNP of about $375 billion, 9th largest in the world), Argentina (population 32 million and the third largest Latin American economy after Brazil and Mexico), Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay. Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay are members of the MercoSur economic bloc whose objective is to develop free trade in the region. There are very few integrated pipeline networks in the world. Besides the giant North American system, with hundreds of producers and pipelines, there is only one other large integrated network. It connects continental European countries to their outside suppliers such as Norway, the C.I.S., and Algeria. The emergence of a new pipeline system is therefore important for the natural-gas industry worldwide and even more so if it occurs in a region now growing rapidly after a decade of economic difficulties.

Deffarges, E.H. (Booz Allen and Hamilton, San Francisco, CA (United States)); Maurer, L.I.A. (Booz Allen and Hamilton, Sao Paulo (Brazil))

1993-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

286

Porosity prediction in sandstones using erosional unconformities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Erosional unconformities of subaerial origin are created by tectonic uplifts and eustatic sea level fall. Most erosional unconformities developed on sandstones are planes of increased porosity because uplifted sandstones are exposed to undersaturated CO/sub 2/-charged meteoric waters that result in dissolution of unstable framework grains and cements. The chemical weathering of sandstones is intensified in humid regions by the heavy rainfall, soil zones, lush vegetation, and accompanying voluminous production of organic and inorganic acids. Erosional unconformities are considered hydrologically open systems because of abundant supply of fresh meteoric water and relatively unrestricted transport of dissolved constituents away from the site of dissolution, causing a net gain in porosity near unconformities. Thus, porosity in sandstones tends to increase toward overlying unconformities. Such porosity trends have been observed in hydrocarbon-bearing sandstone reservoirs in Alaska, Algeria, Australia, China, Libya, Netherlands, Norwegian North Sea, Norwegian Sea, and Texas. A common attribute of these reservoirs is that they were all subaerially exposed under heavy rainfall conditions. An empirical model has been developed for the Triassic and Jurassic sandstone reservoirs in the Norwegian North Sea on the basis of the observed relationship that shows an increase in porosity in these reservoirs with increasing proximity to the overlying base of Cretaceous unconformity. An important practical attribute of this model is that it allows for the prediction of porosity in the neighboring undrilled areas by recognizing the base of Cretaceous unconformity in seismic reflection profiles and by constructing subcrop maps.

Shanmugam, G.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Porosity prediction in sandstones using erosional unconformities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Erosional unconformities of subaerial origin are created by tectonic uplifts and eustatic sea level fall. Most erosional unconformities developed on sandstones are planes of increased porosity because uplifted sandstones are exposed to undersaturated CO/sub 2/-charged meteoric waters that result in dissolution of unstable framework grains and cements. The chemical weathering of sandstones is intensified in humid regions by heavy rainfall, lush vegetation, soil zones, and the voluminous production of inorganic and organic acids. Erosional unconformities are considered hydrologically open systems because of abundant supply of fresh meteoric water and relatively unrestricted transport of dissolved constituents away from the site of dissolution. Thus, porosity in sandstones commonly increases toward overlying unconformities. Empirical models have been developed on the basis of the observed relationship between erosional unconformities and porosity in the underlying sandstones in the North Sea (Middle Jurassic Brent Group) and in the Alaskan North Slope (Triassic Ivishak Formation). An important practical attribute of these models is that they allow for the prediction of porosity in frontier areas by recognizing erosional unconformities in seismic reflection profiles and by constructing subcrop maps for underlying sandstones. Hydrocarbon-bearing sandstone reservoirs in Alaska, Algeria, Australia, China, Libya, Netherlands, North Sea, Norwegian Sea, and Texas occur immediately beneath major erosional unconformities.

Shanmugam, G.

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Porosity prediction in sandstones using erosional unconformities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Erosional unconformities of subaerial origin are created by tectonic uplifts and eustatic sea level fall. Most erosional unconformities developed on sandstones are planes of increased porosity because uplifted sandstones are exposed to undersaturated CO/sub 2/-charged meteoric waters that result in dissolution of unstable framework grains and cements. The chemical weathering of sandstones is intensified in humid regions by heavy rainfall, lush vegetation, soil zones, and the voluminous production of inorganic and organic acids. Erosional unconformities are considered hydrologically open systems because of abundant supply of fresh meteoric water and relatively unrestricted transport of dissolved constituents away from the site of dissolution. Thus, porosity in sandstones commonly increases toward overlying unconformities. Empirical models have been developed on the basis of the observed relationship between erosional unconformities and porosity in the underlying sandstones in the North Sea (Middle Jurassic Brent Group) and in the Alaskan North Slope (Triassic Ivishak Formation). An important practical attribute of these models is that they allow for the prediction of porosity in frontier areas by recognizing erosional unconformities in seismic reflection profiles and by constructing subcrop maps for underlying sandstones. Hydrocarbon-bearing sandstone reservoirs in Alaska, Algeria, Australia, China, Libya, Netherlands, North Sea, Norwegian Sea, and Texas occur immediately beneath major erosional unconformities.

Shanmugam, G.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Gaz de France ordering high-efficiency drivers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For natural gas transmission, distribution, and storage operations, Gaz de France is installing Creusot-Loire's new line of high-efficiency gas-turbine packages, powered by Allison 501 and 570 generators for compressor speeds exceeding 10,000 rpm. The Type CA.3 driver comprises a 501 generator coupled to a two-stage power turbine; the ISO base rating is 3265 kW on gas fuel with a heat rate of 12,050 Btu/kWhr. The CA.5 driver with the stronger 570 gas-turbine engine is base-rated at 4805 kW with a heat rate of 11,360 Btu/kWhr. Designed for direct-drive, with no intermediary gearing, the high-speed compressor operates on the 13,820-rpm output shaft speed of the CA.3 for baseload requirements or on 11,500 rpm for the more powerful CA.5 set. These compressor packages will serve as boosters for the transmission and storage of regasified LNG from Algeria and natural gas from the North Sea, USSR, and France's own Lacq fields.

de Biasi, V.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Oil exports, structural change, and economic development in Iran  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Within the broad Chenery-Kuznets framework, using structural change as a major indicator of economic development, this study investigates the direction and magnitude and broad features of structural change in Iran, and the role of oil production and exports in that change. Although the study covers a larger horizon, the analysis is focused on the period 1955 through 1977. A similar but less-detailed investigation is conducted for Algeria, Indonesia, and Venezuela also, and a cross-country, comparative perspective is generated. The study shows that, in general, the structural changes in Iran have either been weak (for example, in production and employment), or they are contrary to what the model would predict (for instance in trade). The pattern of structural change observed in Iran, therefore, does not indicate any significant economic development even though per capita income increased five-fold over the period 1955 through 1977. In short, oil does not appear to have been an engine of economic development in Iran. The situation appears broadly similar for the other three countries. Based on these findings, the study offers some suggestions concerning the future economic strategies that should enhance very considerably the contribution that oil industry can make toward Iran's economic development, and should thus accelerate the pace of economic development. These suggestions may be useful to other oil-exporting countries as well.

Emami-Khoi, A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Nuclear programs in India and Pakistan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

India and Pakistan launched their respective nuclear programs in the 1940s and 1950s with considerable foreign technical support, especially from the United States Atoms for Peace Program. The technology and training that was acquired served as the platform for later nuclear weapon development efforts that included nuclear weapon testing in 1974 and in 1998 by India, and also in 1998 by Pakistan - which had illicitly acquired uranium enrichment technology especially from Europe and received assistance from China. As of 2013, both India and Pakistan were continuing to produce fissile material for weapons, in the case of India also for nuclear naval fuel, and were developing a diverse array of ballistic and cruise missiles. International efforts to restrain the South Asian nuclear build-up have been largely set aside over the past decade as Pakistani support became central for the U.S. war in Afghanistan and as U.S. geopolitical and economic interests in supporting the rise of India, in part as a counter to China, led to India being exempted both from U.S non-proliferation laws and international nuclear trade guidelines. In the absence of determined international action and with Pakistan blocking the start of talks on a fissile material cutoff treaty, nuclear weapon programs in South Asia are likely to keep growing for the foreseeable future.

Mian, Zia [Program on Science and Global Security, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey (United States)

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

292

Markets for coal and coal technologies in Asian and Pacific Basin countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a new market analysis available from the Utility Data Institute (UDI), Viking Systems International (VSI) of Pittsburgh, PA, argues that the nations in the Pacific Basin and South Asia provide an exciting market opportunity for vendors and suppliers of coal power technology, services, and fuel. Critical market factors for increased coal use include: (1) availability of domestic coal resources; (2) price of competing fuels; (3) infrastructure for mining and transportation; (4) environmental regulations concerning coal use; and (5) the development and application of new coal technologies. An overview is presented of the current energy situation and future development options in thirteen different countries: Afghanistan, Australia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, People's Republic of China, Philippines, Republic of China (Taiwan), Republic of Korea (South Korea), and Thailand. More than 150 detailed tables, charts, and maps present analyses of existing coal reserves, coal characteristics, domestic energy production by fuel mix, energy consumption, electric power generation, and regulatory practices in each country. The report was developed by VSI from two computerized data bases---one on coal characteristics and reserves, the other on electric utilities and power plants in Asian countries. A chapter in the report describes the data bases in more detail.

Not Available

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Research needs and data acquisition to apply US technology to foreign coals: Quarterly report, January-March 1987  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data on coal characteristics, resources and environmental aspects were gathered previously for India, Pakistan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Afghanistan and Colombia. The relevant data from the information obtained on these countries was retrieved, summarized and transmitted for inclusion in the PETC coal database. Coal deposits and their locations on national maps were also provided. The data on coal characteristics was stored in a computerized database. Data has now been gathered for the Republic of Korea (South Korea), Australia, and People's Republic of China (China). Data for 104 developing countries was obtained from the World Bank on energy inputs to electric utilities. This data was entered into a computerized database prepared at Viking. The data includes types of fuel input for electricity generation, power plant capacities, total electricity generation, system frequencies, etc. The user can extract information of his/her choice from the database in a spreadsheet format, which can then be interfaced with a graphics software package to obtain a pictorial representation of the data.

Not Available

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Uzbekistan Radiation Portal Monnitoring System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The work proposed in this presentation builds on the foundation set by the DTRA funded demonstration project begun in 2000 and completed in December of 2003. This previous work consisted of two phases whose overall objective was to install portal radiation monitors at four select ports-of-entry in Uzbekistan (Tashkent International Airport, Gisht-Kuprik (Kazakhstan border), Alat (Turkmenistan border), and Termez (Afghanistan border)) in order to demonstrate their effectiveness in preventing the illicit trafficking of nuclear materials. The objectives also included developing and demonstrating capabilities in the design, installation, operation, training, and maintenance of a radiation portal monitoring system. The system and demonstration project has proved successful in many ways. An effective working relationship among the Uzbekistan Customs Services, Uzbekistan Border Guards, and Uzbekistan Institute of Nuclear Physics has been developed. There has been unprecedented openness with the sharing of portal monitor data with Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The system has proved to be effective, with detection of illicit trafficking, and, at Alat, an arrest of three persons illegally transporting radioactive materials into Turkmenistan. The demonstration project has made Uzbekistan a model nonproliferation state in Central Asia and, with an expanded program, places them in a position to seal a likely transit route for illicit nuclear materials. These results will be described. In addition, this work is currently being expanded to include additional ports-of-entry in Uzbekistan. The process for deciding on which additional ports-of-entry to equip will also be described.

Richardson, J; Knapp, R; Loshak, A; Yuldashev, B; Petrenko, V

2005-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

295

Scientists train honeybees to detect explosives  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Members of the Los Alamos National Laboratory Stealthy Insect Sensor Project team have been able to harness the honeybee's exceptional olfactory sense by using the bees' natural reaction to nectar, a proboscis extension reflex (sticking out their tongue) to record an unmistakable response to a scent. Using Pavlovian techniques, researchers were able to train the bees to give a positive detection response via the PER when exposed to vapors from TNT, C4, and TATP explosives. The Stealthy Insect Sensor Project was born out of a global threat from the growing use of improvised explosive devices or IEDs, especially those that present a critical vulnerability for American military troops in Iraq and Afghanistan, and as an emerging danger for civilians worldwide. Current strategies to detect explosives are expensive and, in the case of trained detection dogs, too obtrusive to be used very discreetly. With bees however, they are small and discreet, offering the element of surprise. They're also are inexpensive to maintain and even easier to train than dogs. As a result of this need, initial funding for the work was provided by a development grant from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

None

2014-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

296

Tropical Africa: Land use, biomass, and carbon estimates for 1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980 and describes a methodology that may be used to extend this data set to 1990 and beyond based on population and land cover data. The biomass data and carbon estimates are for woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with the possible magnitude of historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth`s land surface and includes those countries that for the most part are located in Tropical Africa. Countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea and in southern Africa (i.e., Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Western Sahara) have maximum potential biomass and land cover information but do not have biomass or carbon estimate. The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{sup TM} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass-carbon values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

Brown, S. [Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, OR (United States). Western Ecology Division; Gaston, G. [Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, OR (United States). National Research Council; Daniels, R.C. [ed.] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Similarities in the Paleozoic successions of north Africa and Arabia and implications for petroleum exploration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From field studies in southwest Libya and northwest Saudi Arabia, the facies of the Paleozoic succession of the north African/Arabian stable cratonic margin of Gondwanaland are interpreted as fluvial, estuarine, deltaic, shallow marine, and glacial deposits. The facies of the Saq and Tabuk Formations of Saudi Arabia bear witness to a sedimentary history that is very similar to that of north Africa, the Saq Formation (Cambrian-Arenig) being equivalent to the Hassaouna Formation of Libya and the Tabuk Formation being subdivided and correlated using well-dated shale members to the following formations: Haouaz (Llanvirn-Llandeilo), Melez-Chograne (Caradoc), Memouniat (Ashgill), Tanezzuft/Acacus (Llandovery-Ludlow), and Tadrart (Gedinnian -Emsian). The Cambrian-Ordovician succession comprises Nubian-type fluvial and estuarine sandstones which pass up to regressive deltaic/shallow marine sequences overlain by Upper Ordovician glacial deposits that lie in deeply incised paleovalleys recorded from Saudi Arabia and north Africa. The Silurian succession comprises the deposits of a postglacial marine transgression of vast lateral extent and a subsequent regression, the sandstones of which are markedly diachronous. The Lower Devonian succession comprises fining-upward retrogradational deltaic (transgressive) sequences of Nubian-type sandstones (fluvial to shallow marine) which form widespread blanket sandstone bodies. The prospectivity of these strata is well known from Algeria in the west to Jordan in the east, the Llandoverian oil-prone source rocks providing the key to Cambrian-Ordovician and Lower Devonian plays. The significance of underlying paleovalley-fill fluvioglacial sandstones as linear reservoir targets has yet to be fully appreciated.

Clark-Lowes, D.D. (Scott Pickford and Associates Ltd., Surrey (England))

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Geology and petroleum resources of north-central and northeast Africa  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In north-central and northeast Africa, important petroleum accumulations exist in the Sirte basin of Libya, the western Sahara region of Algeria, the Pelagian platform offshore from eastern Tunisia, and in the Western Desert basin, Suez graben, and Nile delta in Egypt. Approximately 55 major fields (> 100 million BOE), of which 15 are giants (> 1 billion BOE), have been found in these provinces. Total estimated ultimate production from existing fields in 60 billion bbl of oil and 100 tcf of gas; estimated undiscovered petroleum resources are 26 billion bbl of oil and 93 tcf of gas. The post-Precambrian sedimentary basins of north Africa are related to the development of the Sahara platform during at least four main tectonic episodes (the Caledonian, Hercynian, Laramide, and Alpine cycles). The sedimentary cover of the platform, which includes rocks of all geologic systems, ranges from less than 1000 m (3300 ft) in the south to more than 9000 m (30,000 ft) along the Mediterranean coast. Paleozoic rocks are primarily continental and nearshore marine sandstone and shale, which are important reservoir and source rocks for petroleum in the central and western parts of the Sahara platform. Lower Mesozoic rocks were deposited in a continental and restricted marine environment, and contain thick beds of red beds and evaporites, including salt, which are important seals for oil and gas fields. Upper Mesozoic and Tertiary rocks are related to the development of the Mediterranean Tethys geosyncline and are characterized by numerous transgressive-regressive cycles of the Tethyan seaway. Marine carbonate and shale facies are dominant in the Upper Jurassic, Cretaceous, and lower Tertiary section of northern Libya, eastern Tunisia-Pelagian platform, and northern Egypt. Upper Tertiary beds are continental clastics on most of the platform, except near the Mediterranean.

Peterson, J.A.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Latest Jurassic-early Cretaceous regressive facies, northeast Africa craton  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nonmarine to paralic detrital deposits accumulated in six large basins between Algeria and the Arabo-Nubian shield during major regression in latest Jurassic and Early Cretaceous time. The Ghadames Sirte (north-central Libya), and Northern (Egypt) basins lay along the cratonic margin of northeastern Africa. The Murzuk, Kufra, and Southern (Egypt) basins lay in the south within the craton. Data for reconstructing distribution, facies, and thickness of relevant sequences are adequate for the three northern basins only. High detrital influx near the end of Jurassic time and in mid-Cretaceous time produced regressive nubian facies composed largely of low-sinuosity stream and fahdelta deposits. In the west and southwest the Ghadames, Murzuk, and Kufra basins were filled with a few hundred meters of detritus after long-continued earlier Mesozoic aggradation. In northern Egypt the regressive sequence succeeded earlier Mesozoic marine sedimentation; in the Sirte and Southern basins correlative deposits accumulated on Precambrian and Variscan terranes after earlier Mesozoic uplift and erosion. Waning of detrital influx into southern Tunisia and adjacent Libya in the west and into Israel in the east initiated an Albian to early Cenomanian transgression of Tethys. By late Cenomanian time it had flooded the entire cratonic margin, and spread southward into the Murzuk and Southern basins, as well as onto the Arabo-Nubian shield. Latest Jurassic-earliest Cretaceous, mid-Cretaceous, and Late Cretaceous transgressions across northeastern Africa recorded in these sequences may reflect worldwide eustatic sea-level rises. In contrast, renewed large supply of detritus during each regression and a comparable subsidence history of intracratonic and marginal basins imply regional tectonic control. 6 figures.

van Houten, F.B.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984. An increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North America ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries. 9 figures, 27 tables.

Michel, R.C.

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

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301

Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984, an increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North Africa ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was up 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries.

Michel, R.Ch.

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

The geomechanics of CO{sub 2} storage in deep sedimentary formations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper provides a review of the geomechanics and modeling of geomechanics associated with geologic carbon storage (GCS), focusing on storage in deep sedimentary formations, in particular saline aquifers. The paper first introduces the concept of storage in deep sedimentary formations, the geomechanical processes and issues related with such an operation, and the relevant geomechanical modeling tools. This is followed by a more detailed review of geomechanical aspects, including reservoir stress-strain and microseismicity, well integrity, caprock sealing performance, and the potential for fault reactivation and notable (felt) seismic events. Geomechanical observations at current GCS field deployments, mainly at the In Salah CO2 storage project in Algeria, are also integrated into the review. The In Salah project, with its injection into a relatively thin, low-permeability sandstone is an excellent analogue to the saline aquifers that might be used for large scale GCS in parts of Northwest Europe, the U.S. Midwest, and China. Some of the lessons learned at In Salah related to geomechanics are discussed, including how monitoring of geomechanical responses is used for detecting subsurface geomechanical changes and tracking fluid movements, and how such monitoring and geomechanical analyses have led to preventative changes in the injection parameters. Recently, the importance of geomechanics has become more widely recognized among GCS stakeholders, especially with respect to the potential for triggering notable (felt) seismic events and how such events could impact the long-term integrity of a CO{sub 2} repository (as well as how it could impact the public perception of GCS). As described in the paper, to date, no notable seismic event has been reported from any of the current CO{sub 2} storage projects, although some unfelt microseismic activities have been detected by geophones. However, potential future commercial GCS operations from large power plants will require injection at a much larger scale. For such largescale injections, a staged, learn-as-you-go approach is recommended, involving a gradual increase of injection rates combined with continuous monitoring of geomechanical changes, as well as siting beneath a multiple layered overburden for multiple flow barrier protection, should an unexpected deep fault reactivation occur.

Rutqvist, J.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

The Enemy Below - The Global Diffusion of Submarines and Related Technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The end of the Cold War seemed to create a more peaceful international environment. September 11 reminded us of the dangers of complacency. Indeed, even before September 11 US forces had intervened in a number of wars and crises, including Panama, the Persian Gulf War, Somalia, Rwanda, Bosnia, Kosovo, several Taiwan Straits crises, the North Korea nuclear weapons crisis, and most recently Afghanistan. US ability to intervene in remote areas of the world is often dependent on the Navy's ability to project power ashore. As a result, US ability to influence events in crisis situations, especially between or among nuclear powers, may become more difficult along with our ability to conduct littoral warfare. Although the numbers of potentially hostile submarines have declined with the end of the Cold War, US anti-submarine warfare capabilities have also declined. Moreover, foreign submarines and related technologies are likely to diffuse globally. New technologies like Air Independent Propulsion (AIP), improved weapons and sensors will make conventional submarines more dangerous, and the spread of nuclear submarines even to a few more countries raise political, military, environmental, and safety concerns. Submarines are one of the key weapon systems used alone or in combination with other weapon systems such as coastal defense missiles, aircraft, and other sea-based missile platforms to deny US ability to project power ashore, Thus, other countries who wish to deny the US the ability to interfere with their regional or even global ambitions may emphasize the acquisition and/or development of submarines. As the world become more multipolar over the longer term, as the Chinese believe it will, countries such as Russia, China. etc., may be able to acquire the submarine capabilities to challenge us not just regionally, but in blue waters. To the extent that our alliance relationships require US naval access or superiority to sustain them, then our erstwhile friendly allies such as Japan, South Korea, ASEAN states, Taiwan, etc., may seek their own arrangements with other powers for their protection or seek WMD capabilities to offset the former reliance on the US. In addition to a loss of unchallenged regional access, the US may have to devote greater resources for protecting its homeland, and perhaps its sea-based deterrent, from hostile submarine forces.

Weiss, K G

2002-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

304

The structures of marialite (Me[subscript 6]) and meionite (Me[subscript 93]) in space groups P4[subscript 2]/n and I4/m, and the absence of phase transitions in the scapolite series  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The crystal structures of marialite (Me{sub 6}) from Badakhshan, Afghanistan and meionite (Me{sub 93}) from Mt. Vesuvius, Italy were obtained using synchrotron high-resolution powder X-ray diffraction (HRPXRD) data and Rietveld structure refinements. Their structures were refined in space groups I4/m and P42/n, and similar results were obtained. The Me{sub 6} sample has a formula Ca{sub 0.24}Na{sub 3.37}K{sub 0.24}[Al{sub 3.16}Si{sub 8.84}O{sub 24}]Cl{sub 0.84}(CO{sub 3}){sub 0.15}, and its unit-cell parameters are a = 12.047555(7), c = 7.563210(6) {angstrom}, and V = 1097.751(1) {angstrom}{sup 3}. The average (T1-O) distances are 1.599(1) {angstrom} in I4/m and 1.600(2) {angstrom} in P4{sub 2}/n, indicating that the T1 site contains only Si atoms. In P4{sub 2}/n, the average distances of (T2-O) = 1.655(2) and (T3-O) = 1.664(2) {angstrom} are distinct and are not equal to each other. However, the mean (T2,3-O) = 1.659(2) {angstrom} in P4{sub 2}/n and is identical to the (T2-O) = 1.659(1) {angstrom} in I4/m. The (M-O) [7] = 2.754(1) {angstrom} (M site is coordinated to seven framework O atoms) and M-A = 2.914(1) {angstrom}; these distances are identical in both space groups. The Me{sub 93} sample has a formula of Na{sub 0.29}Ca{sub 3.76}[Al{sub 5.54}Si{sub 6.46}O{sub 24}]Cl{sub 0.05}(SO{sub 4}){sub 0.02}(CO{sub 3}){sub 0.93}, and its unit-cell parameters are a = 12.19882(1), c = 7.576954(8) {angstrom}, and V = 1127.535(2) {angstrom}{sup 3}. A similar examination of the Me{sub 93} sample also shows that both space groups give similar results; however, the C-O distance is more reasonable in P4{sub 2}/n than in I4/m. Refining the scapolite structure near Me{sub 0} or Me{sub 100} in I4/m forces the T2 and T3 sites (both with multiplicity 8 in P4{sub 2}/n) to be equivalent and form the T2' site (with multiplicity 16 in I4/m), but (T2-O) is not equal to (T3-O) in P4{sub 2}/n. Using different space groups for different regions across the series implies phase transitions, which do not occur in the scapolite series.

Antao, Sytle M.; Hassan, Ishmael (West Indies) [West Indies; (Calgary)

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

305

Retrofiting survivability of military vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In Iraq the terrain was such that vehicles could be distributed horizontally, which reduced the effectiveness of mines. In the mountainous terrain of Pakistan and Afghanistan vehicles are forced to use the few, passable roads, which are dirt and easily seeded with plentiful, cheap, intelligent mines. It is desirable to reduce the losses to such mines, preferably by retrofit means that do not greatly increase weight or cost or reduce maneuverability. V-bottom vehicles - A known approach to reducing vulnerability is the Buffalo, a large vehicle developed by South Africa to address mine warfare. It has large tires, high axles, and a reinforced, v-shaped bottom that deflects the blast from explosions below. It is developed and tested in combat, but is expensive and has reduced off-road mobility. The domestic MRAP has similar cost and mobility issue. The addition of v-shaped blast deflectors to vehicles such as Humvees could act much as the deflector on a Buffalo, but a Humvee is closer to the ground, so the explosive's expansion would be reduced. The deflector would also reduce a Humvee's clearance for rough terrain, and a deflector of adequate thickness to address the blast by itself could further increase cost and reduce mobility. Reactive armor is developed and has proven effective against shaped and explosive charges from side or top attack. It detects their approach, detonates, and defeats them by interfering with jet formation. If the threat was a shaped charge from below, they would be a logical choice. But the bulk of the damage to Humvees appears to be from the blast from high explosive mines for which the colliding shock from reactive armor could increase that from the explosive. Porous materials such as sand can strongly attenuate the kinetic energy and pressure of a strong shock. Figure 1 shows the kinetic energy (KE), momentum (Mu), velocity (u), and mass (M) of a spherically expanding shock as functions of radius for a material with a porosity of 0.5. Over the range from 0.5 to 4.5 cm the shock KE is attenuated by a factor of {approx}70, while its momentum is changed little. The shock and particle velocity falls by a factor of 200 while the mass increases by a factor of 730. In the limit of very porous media u {approx} 1/M, so KE {approx} 1/M, which falls by a factor of {approx}600, while momentum Mu does not change at all. Figure 2 shows the KE, Mu, u, and M for a material with a porosity of 1.05, for which the KE changes little. In the limit of media of very low porosity, u {approx} 1/{radical}M, so KE is constant while Mu {approx} {radical}M, which increases by a factor of 15. Thus, if the goal is to reduce the peak pressure from strong explosions below, very porous materials, which strongly reduce pressure but do not increase momentum, are preferred to non-porous materials, which amplify momentum but do not decrease pressure. These predictions are in qualitative accord with the results of experiments at Los Alamos in which projectiles from high velocity, large caliber cannons were stopped by one to two sandbags. The studies were performed primarily to determine the effectiveness of sand in stopping fragments of various sizes, but could be extended to study sand's effectiveness in attenuating blast pressure. It would also be useful to test the above predictions on the effectiveness of media with higher porosity. Water barriers have been discussed but not deployed in previous retrofit survivability studies for overseas embassies. They would detect the flash from the mine detonation below, trigger a thin layer of explosive above a layer of water, and drive water droplets into the approaching blast wave. The blast loses energy in evaporating the droplets and loses momentum in slowing them. Under favorable conditions that could attenuate the pressure in the blast enough to prevent the penetration or disruption of the vehicle. However, such barriers would depend on prompt and reliable detonation detection and water droplet dispersal, which have not been tested. There is a large literature on the theoretical effec

Canavan, Gregory H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z