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Sample records for afghanistan albania andora

  1. Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    of Iran Aghajari Oil & Gas Production Company (AOGPC) B,C,N 20 Islamic Republic of Iran Aluminat Places The World Islamic Front for Jihad against Jews and Crusaders Usama Bin Laden Network Usama Bin of Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Pakistan Ummah Tameer E-Nau (UTN) N 4 United Arab Emirates Energy Global

  2. Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Oil & Gas Production Company (AOGPC) B,C,N 20 Islamic Republic of Iran Aluminat Aluminat Production Places The World Islamic Front for Jihad against Jews and Crusaders Usama Bin Laden Network Usama Bin of Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Pakistan Ummah Tameer E-Nau (UTN) N 4 United Arab Emirates Energy Global

  3. Albania-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  4. Sources of records for Albania in Flora Europaea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sokolowski, Marla

    boundaries some, particularly Albania, Epirus, Macedonia and Thrace transcend post 1945 political boundaries Albanian Alps". Much of this mountain range is in Serbia and Macedonia (particularly the part named !ar that the collection was from Albania when in fact it came from Serbia or Macedonia. Some of these collections are from

  5. Desirability and Feasibility of a Policy Neutrality in Afghanistan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andisha, Nasir A.

    2015-07-08

    Bush School Alum, Ambassador Nasir A. Andisha, presents his doctoral thesis on the "Desirability and Feasibility of a Policy of Neutrality in Afghanistan: The Dilemma of Collective Security and Neutrality in Afghanistan."

  6. Gays and Lesbians at War: Military Service in Iraq and Afghanistan Under “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell”

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Nathaniel

    2004-01-01

    AT WAR: MILITARY SERVICE IN IRAQ AND AFGHANISTAN UNDER “DON’wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Despite widespread knowledgeused before sites in Iraq and Afghanistan were improved, as

  7. Martinkus docos show reality of Afghanistan war

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wapstra, Erik

    Martinkus docos show reality of Afghanistan war By ShAron Webb Journalist John Martinkus reels off the date he was kidnapped in the Iraq war as if it's perma- nently scratched on his brain. "It happened. It was terrible. I thought: Here we go." It's experiences like this that gave credibility to the television war

  8. Subsalt Depth Seismic Imaging and Structural Interpretation in Dumre Area, Albania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Subsalt Depth Seismic Imaging and Structural Interpretation in Dumre Area, Albania A. Jardin1, F Interpretation in Dumre Area, Albania -- The challenge of seismic exploration in fold and thrust belt settings compte plus importante des données géologiques. Abstract -- Subsalt Depth Seismic Imaging and Structural

  9. Assessment of Biomass Resources in Afghanistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milbrandt, A.; Overend, R.

    2011-01-01

    Afghanistan is facing many challenges on its path of reconstruction and development. Among all its pressing needs, the country would benefit from the development and implementation of an energy strategy. In addition to conventional energy sources, the Afghan government is considering alternative options such as energy derived from renewable resources (wind, solar, biomass, geothermal). Biomass energy is derived from a variety of sources -- plant-based material and residues -- and can be used in various conversion processes to yield power, heat, steam, and fuel. This study provides policymakers and industry developers with information on the biomass resource potential in Afghanistan for power/heat generation and transportation fuels production. To achieve this goal, the study estimates the current biomass resources and evaluates the potential resources that could be used for energy purposes.

  10. Simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watkins, Jennifer H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; MacKerrow, Edward P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Merritt, Terence M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-04-08

    This paper outlines an opium supply chain using the Hilmand province of Afghanistan as exemplar. The opium supply chain model follows the transformation of opium poppy seed through cultivation and chemical alteration to brown heroin base. The purpose of modeling and simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain is to discover and test strategies that will disrupt this criminal enterprise.

  11. EM Employee Serves Military in Afghanistan, Manages $5.8 Billion Army Task Order

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    BAGRAM AIRFIELD, Afghanistan – EM employee James Hawkins is currently serving the U.S. military in Afghanistan, where he is administering a $5.8 billion task order for the Army.

  12. Determinants of IDP Voice--Four Cases from Sierra Leone and Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esser, Daniel

    Using an interview-based case study methodology, this paper investigates how four groups of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Afghanistan and Sierra Leone engage in existing frameworks of local governance with the aim ...

  13. Press Release: New calculations show as many as 7.3 million Americans know someone killed or injured in Iraq and Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hicks, Sally

    2006-01-01

    know a soldier killed in Iraq, it’s going to make the costSomeone Killed or Injured in Iraq, Afghanistan The socialor injured in the war in Iraq and Afghanistan, according to

  14. A century of oil and gas exploration in Albania: assessment of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORMs)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xhixha, Gerti; Callegari, Ivan; Colonna, Tommaso; Hasani, Fadil; Mantovani, Fabio; Shala, Ferat; Strati, Virginia; Kaçeli, Merita Xhixha

    2015-01-01

    Because potential Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORMs) generated from oil and gas extractions in Albania have been disposed without regulatory criteria in many decades, an extensive survey in one of the most productive regions (Vlora-Elbasan) has been performed. Among 52 gamma-ray spectrometry measurements of soil, oil-sand, sludge, produced water and crude oil samples, we discover that relatively low activity concentrations of 226Ra, 228Ra, 228Th and 40K, which are 23 +/- 2 Bq/kg, 23 +/- 2 Bq/kg, 24 +/- 3 Bq/kg and 549 +/- 12 Bq/kg, respectively, come from oil-sand produced by hydrocarbon extraction from molasses formations. The mineralogical characterization together with the 228Ra/40K and 226Ra/40K ratios of these Neogene deposits confirm the geological and geodynamic model that predicts a dismantling of Mesozoic source rocks. The average activity concentrations (+/- standard deviations) of the radium isotopes (226Ra, 228Ra) and of the 228Th and 40K radionuclides in soil samples are determined...

  15. Prevalence of respiratory symptoms and cases suspicious for tuberculosis among public health clinic patients in Afghanistan,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scharfstein, Daniel

    , and diagnostic test results were recorded. Correlates of TB-suggestive symptoms (defined as cough >2 weeks children (age 17 or under). The TB-suggestive symptoms of cough >2 weeks and / or haemoptysis were reported workers. keywords Afghanistan, tuberculosis, respiratory symptoms, cough, sputum smear accuracy

  16. Building a state or saving lives? : the processes, motives and politics behind the reconstruction of Afghanistan's health system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tulier, Melody Esther, 1980-

    2005-01-01

    Startlingly poor health statistics in Afghanistan clearly indicate that, in order to enhance the socio-economic status and overall stability of the state, a complete overhaul of its health care system is imperative. However, ...

  17. Mental Health Diagnoses and Utilization of VA Non-Mental Health Medical Services Among Returning Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Beth E.; Gima, Kris; Bertenthal, Daniel; Kim, Sue; Marmar, Charles R.; Seal, Karen H.

    2010-01-01

    Soldiers Returning From the Iraq War. Jama. 2007;298:2141–8.returning from deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan. JAMA.soldiers returning from the Iraq war. JAMA. 2007;298:2141–8.

  18. Effects of Parental Deployment on Children During Wartime: A comparison of World War Two and the Iraq/Afghanistan War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hess, Juliana

    2009-11-09

    An overview of the experiences of children and parents during deployment of a parent to military service in Iraq or Afghanistan. Based on a search of the literature and a small number of interviews with parents on the homefront....

  19. Effect of Weather on the Predicted PMN Landmine Chemical Signature for Kabul, Afghanistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WEBB, STEPHEN W.; PHELAN, JAMES M.

    2002-11-01

    Buried landmines are often detected through the chemical signature in the air above the soil surface by mine detection dogs. Environmental processes play a significant role in the chemical signature available for detection. Due to the shallow burial depth of landmines, the weather influences the release of chemicals from the landmine, transport through the soil to the surface, and degradation processes in the soil. The effect of weather on the landmine chemical signature from a PMN landmine was evaluated with the T2TNT code for Kabul, Afghanistan. Results for TNT and DNT gas-phase and soil solid-phase concentrations are presented as a function of time of the day and time of the year.

  20. Legal and Economic Factors Determining Success and Failure in the Fight against Organized Crime: An Empirical Assessment of the Palermo Convention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buscaglia, Edgardo

    2008-01-01

    Islami Slovak Repub India Barbados Andora Estonia NauruThailand Costa Rica Italy Barbados Slovak Andora India RepubIslami India Slovak Repub Barbados Estonia Belgium Oman

  1. Rana Novini ATOC 3500 Open-air pits are used to burn garbage and other wastes at bases in Iraq and Afghanistan that lack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    /aluminum cans Munitions and other unexploded ordnance Petroleum and lubricant products Plastics and styrofoam across the country have filed numerous lawsuits which have been consolidated in the United States, National Guard personnel, contract employees and others serving our country in Iraq and/or Afghanistan

  2. Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Islamic Republic of Iran Ashtian Tablo N 30 Islamic Republic of Iran Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) Sazeman-e Energy Atomi B,C,M,N 2 / 29 #12; Country or Region Company or Organization Also Islamic Republic of Iran Behineh Trading Co. N 37 Islamic Republic of Iran Behnam Sahriyari Trading

  3. HIGH RISK COUNTRIES Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad China Columbia Comoros

  4. Country Location AFGHANISTAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /31 $124 BAHRAIN SOUTHWEST ASIA ADMIN SPT UNIT 01/01 12/31 $124 BANGLADESH CHITTAGONG 01/01 12/31 $71 BANGLADESH DHAKA 01/01 12/31 $90 BANGLADESH SYLHET 01/01 12/31 $69 BANGLADESH [OTHER] 01/01 12/31 $71

  5. Country Location AFGHANISTAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ASIA ADMIN SPT UNIT 01/01 12/31 $124 BANGLADESH CHITTAGONG 01/01 12/31 $71 BANGLADESH DHAKA 01/01 12/31 $90 BANGLADESH SYLHET 01/01 12/31 $69 BANGLADESH [OTHER] 01/01 12/31 $71 BARBADOS BARBADOS 04/16 12

  6. Albania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: Energy ResourcesAirAlamo Heights,GameAlatna,Texas:

  7. Afghanistan Pakistan High Resolution Wind Resource - Datasets...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pakistan High Resolution Wind Resource This shapefile containing 50 meter height data has been validated by NREL and wind energy meteorological consultants. However, the data is...

  8. AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    Peru Comoros China, Hong Kong SAR Suriname Congo, Dem. Rep. (Kinshasa) China, Macau SAR Uruguay Congo

  9. Extreme VPP - Kandahar, Afghanistan | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    of VPP Work Everywhere-Even in a Combat Zone By David Baker When I heard about a new position in the Army Reserve called a "combat safety officer," I wondered who would...

  10. Afghanistan-NREL Mission | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewables

  11. Afghanistan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: Energy Resources JumpAdelan1986) |Water and Power LLC

  12. Albania-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts:RenewableInc Jump& EnergyAlaska

  13. Albania-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand DaltonSolarOpen5 -Telephone Co Jump to:Elec Coop, IncAlbabio SL

  14. Planning Kabul: The politics of urbanization in Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calogero, Pietro Anders

    2011-01-01

    was just before Dubai became world-famous for its opulence;part of the magical world of Dubai that did get built. I wasWorld Theme Park, to be built in the desert adjacent to the Dubai

  15. HIGH-RESOLUTION SOIL MOISTURE MAPPING IN AFGHANISTAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borchers, Brian

    and Brian Borchers New Mexico Tech, Socorro, NM 87801 Julie R. Kelley, Stacy Howington and Jerry Ballard and the partition of incoming solar and long-wave radiation between sensible and latent heat fluxes[18, 19

  16. Planning Kabul: The politics of urbanization in Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calogero, Pietro Anders

    2011-01-01

    of urban apartheid? ” Planning theory 8:88-100. Yiftachel,of the colonized. ” City Planning Kabul: BibliographyCalif. : Sage Publications. Planning Kabul: Planning as

  17. Planning Kabul: The politics of urbanization in Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calogero, Pietro Anders

    2011-01-01

    Council (ICC), Building Officials and Code AdministratorsCouncil (ICC), Building Officials and Code Administratorsof Building Officials, and Southern Building Code Congress

  18. Planning Kabul: The politics of urbanization in Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calogero, Pietro Anders

    2011-01-01

    as PM 1933-1946 for Germany, Turkey. Modernization of urbansouth: Britain, Germany, Iran, and Turkey among them. The

  19. Disconnected from Discourse: Women's Radio Listening in Rural Samangan, Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamal, Sarah

    2004-02-15

    Finding and maintaining good access to information is one of the most important coping skills for many Afghans in insecure and rapidly shifting situations. Returning refugee populations face deeply rooted structural problems ...

  20. Afghanistan-NREL Resource Maps and Toolkits | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: Energy Resources JumpAdelan1986) |Water and Power LLC Jump

  1. A preliminary study of gross alpha/beta activity concentrations in drinking waters from Albania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roma "La Sapienza", Università di

    Drinking water Á ``fracking'' waste water Introduction Rocks and soils are the primary sources. As the world's demand for energy increases markedly and exploration for and production of new sources become increasingly important, the ways in which these activities impact the environment, health, and quality of life

  2. War, Trauma, and Technologies of the Self : : The Making of Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brandt, Marisa Renee

    R. L. (2004). Combat Duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, Mentalservice members who served in Iraq and Afghanistan. Militaryevaluation of the Virtual Iraq/Afghanistan exposure therapy

  3. Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

    2007-01-01

    Brazil Norway Moldova NZ Macedonia Switzerlad. AlbaniaPhilippines Colombia Macedonia Turkey Albania GuatemalaIran Argentina Bosnia Macedonia Belarus Algeria Armenia

  4. Countries with "low incidence" of tuberculosis. Students who have resided in any country other than those listed below in the past 5 years must check yes in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantlon, Jessica F.

    to have a tuberculin skin test. Albania Andorra Antigua and Barbuda Australia Austria Bahamas Barbados

  5. Can You Spend Your Way to Victory? The Case of Statebuilding in Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Querze, Alana Renee

    2011-08-31

    . Specifically, the dataset includes information on poppy cultivation, access to electricity, population, population density, election results, and voter turnout. As well, this dataset uses two sources of data which have yet to be exploited in an academic... on their own political understandings and commitments and their belief in the power of institutions to shape political behavior, rather than vice versa” (Wesley, 2008, p.380). For this reason, Wesley argues that, “to be sustainable, agreement on the nature...

  6. Parallels with the Past How the Soviets Lost in Afghanistan, How the Americans are Losing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to Pakistan or Iran. Pakistan also became the base for most of the fledgling mujahideen, Muslim guerrilla

  7. Taxonomic study on Capparidaceae and Cruciferae of W. Pakistan, Afghanistan, and N.W. Himalaya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jafri, S. M. H.

    1954-01-01

    The present work was taken up by me at the suggestion of Professor Sir William Wright Smith and has been done under the guidance and supervision of himself and Dr. P.H.Davis. Taxonomic studies have undergone considerable ...

  8. Remote Sensing Assessment Of Karez Irrigation Systems And Archaeological Resources In Maywand District, Kandahar Province, Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egitto, Antoinette

    2013-12-31

    of appropriate technology that provides renewable and sustainable sources of water. Karezes promote community cohesion over time by promoting and perpetuating indigenous knowledge based on long-term experience. They provide local stakeholders with the tools...

  9. The Coils of the Anaconda: America's First Conventional Battle in Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grau, Les

    2009-05-04

    --a prepared conventional mountain defense designed by a professional military commander. The enemy dug in to have it out on favorable ground. They believed that if they could only kill enough Americans, the US would turn tail and withdraw, as America had...-packed with soldiers who jostled each other while trying to fit themselves, their rucksacks, weapons, radios, and other combat gear into the cramped confines. Most of the soldiers were nervous yet eager. Some were already regretting not making a last...

  10. Afghanistan Wind Power Density at 50-m Above Ground Level GIS...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wind Power Density at 50-m Above Ground Level GIS Data This dataset was developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for the U.S. Agency for International...

  11. Predicting Risk for Incidences of Homelessness Among Veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motupalli, Venkat

    2015-12-18

    screener, with no added time or data collection burden. Further, a freeware script, compatible with all common data collection and storage systems, was developed to provide a baseline for further digital management efforts....

  12. Nation 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Afghanistan 2 1 1 2 1 0 -100%

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    % Bangladesh 24 27 26 26 30 33 38% Barbados 7 7 4 8 9 10 43% Bassas da India 0 1 1 0 0 0 0% Belarus 3 9 13 10

  13. REQUIRED BACHELOR DEGREE EQUIVALENTS Afghanistan Bachelor of Arts/Bachelor of Science (Licence/Leicanc) 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    , Education, or Pharmacy Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery ­ 6 years Barbados Bachelor of Fine Arts/Bachelor of Education from Barbados Community College ­ 4 years Bachelor's degree from the University of the West Indies

  14. Dead Babies, Bowel Disturbances, and Other Combat Humor in Afghanistan and Iraq 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madsen, Marissa Torian

    2013-02-18

    are returning with more psychological burdens. Various attempts have been made to decrease the psychological burdens on these American soldiers. However, I believe a missing component of these attempts is a thorough understanding of the military as its own...

  15. Problems with Anger and Violence Among United States Military Service Members

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worthen, Miranda E.

    2012-01-01

    U.S. veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. Mil Medin support of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Am J PublicPatients Returning From Iraq and Afghanistan. American

  16. What Can Open Access Do for Me? Personal Perspectives of KU Faculty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, A. Townsend; Greenberg, Marc L.; Torrance, Andrew W.; Goddard, Stephen

    2010-10-21

    , Belgium, Belarus, Barbados, Bangladesh, Bahrain, Austria, Australia, Aruba, Argentina, Algeria, Albania … town@ku.edu ..., Belgium, Belarus, Barbados, Bangladesh, Bahrain, Austria, Australia, Aruba, Argentina, Algeria, Albania … town@ku.edu ...

  17. Are Levels of Democracy Influenced by Mass Attitudes? Testing a Central Premise of the Political Culture Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzel, Christian

    2006-01-01

    Poland Chile Bulgaria Croatia Albania S. Africa Switzld. S.Bulgaria, Chile, China, Croatia, Czech Rep. , Estonia,

  18. Snowpack and runoff generation using AMSR-E passive microwave observations in the Upper Helmand Watershed, Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for flood forecasting. Published by Elsevier Inc. 1. Introduction Snowmelt is a primary source of water distributed snow information if the questions of accuracy in these regions can be addressed. The primary snow, but is extremely important for water resources management. Without information about the snowpack, these regions

  19. Bâzgasht-i Adabî (Literary Return) and Persianate Literary Culture in Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Iran, India, and Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Kevin

    2014-01-01

    Bunyâd-i Farhang-i Iran, 1348/1970. Habîb, Asadullah. “shi‘r-i Farsî dar Hind. ” Îrân Namah 8.2 (Spring 1369/1990):Farhangistân-i Hunar-i Jumhûrî-i Irân, 1387/2008-9. Qavîm, ‘

  20. >> Business, E1 >> Classifieds, F1 >> Lotteries, A2 >> Movies, D5 >> Obituaries, B4 >> Opinion, B8 >> Outdoors, C14 >> TV, D4 $2 ($2.50 in some areas) SUNDAY, MARCH 15, 2015 I RAIN LIKELY L 54 M 42 I WWW.SPOKESMAN.COM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Baldor Associated Press See AFGHANISTAN, A11 JERUSALEM ­ Deep- ly divided and foul of mood, Israelis

  1. Smyrna's Ashes: Humanitarianism, Genocide, and the Birth of the Middle East

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tusan, Michelle

    2012-01-01

    taking journey to buy raw materials from Albania and partsBurges did what she could. “Raw materials are so scarce and

  2. Jamaica-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  3. Georgia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  4. South Africa-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  5. Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  6. Malawi-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  7. Guatemala-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  8. Costa Rica-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  9. Indonesia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  10. Thailand-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  11. Vietnam-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  12. Zambia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  13. Colombia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  14. Malaysia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  15. Moldova-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  16. Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  17. Philippines-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  18. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01

    Albania, Australia, Barbados*, Bhutan, Burkina Faso*,countries (Bahamas, Barbados, Iran, Panama, and Trinidad andArgentina Bahamas Barbados Belize Bolivia (Plurinational

  19. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium BelizeRep. Albania Georgia Belgium Barbados Serbia and MontenegroIsrael Belgium Denmark Barbados Bulgaria France Hungary

  20. Explaining ratification of human rights treaties : signaling for aid during regional crises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Heather Michelle

    2007-01-01

    Europe, Croatia, Bosnia, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro,Romania, Croatia, Bosnia, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegroborders, Albania and Macedonia, both bordering the conflict

  1. How do you convince children that the "army', "terrorists" and the "police" can live together peacefully? : a peace communication assessment model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warshel, Yael

    2009-01-01

    interethnic understanding in Macedonia. Conflict Resolutionand Kosovo), Montenegro. Macedonia, Croatia and Albania toacross these barriers in Macedonia” (Shochat, 2003, p. 81).

  2. Il pensiero meridiano oggi: Intervista e dialoghi con Franco Cassano

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cassano, Francesco; Fogu, Claudio

    2010-01-01

    e Brindisi) con Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria. 7 Negli annirecentemente a Skopje, in Macedonia. Sono partito la mattinagiornata per arrivare in Macedonia. Se ci fosse un volo

  3. Essays on the politics of regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weymouth, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    Libya Lithuania Macau Macedonia Madagascar Malawi MalaysiaZambia Albania Slovenia Macedonia Croatia Kyrgyz RepublicCroatia Russia Slovenia Macedonia Yugoslavia Bulgaria

  4. Manni Riccardo Department of Earth Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in several European countries (Albania, France, Germany and Hungary) and Asia Minor (Turkey). He established sequence of Gammarocrinites bakonicus Manni, Nicosia & Szabò 1992. In: Echinoderms. Munich, Germany

  5. Legal and Economic Factors Determining Success and Failure in the Fight against Organized Crime: An Empirical Assessment of the Palermo Convention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buscaglia, Edgardo

    2008-01-01

    Venezuela, R Romania Croatia Brazil Philippines MoldovaHonduras El Salvador Croatia Brazil Philippines MozambiqueTimor Argentina Albania Croatia Brazil Philippines Yemen,

  6. Professional Travel in Pakistan Pakistan is located in the South Asia and is bordered by China to the north, Afghanistan and Iran on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Deming

    1 Professional Travel in Pakistan Pakistan is located in the South Asia and is bordered by China important aspect of life in Pakistan and about 97% of Pakistanis are Muslim. The people of Pakistan shake hands with other females right away. Pakistani women may not interact with strangers. · Pakistan

  7. Accountable to beneficiaries? : the modern development enterprise & its contractors at war : lessons on accountability from Afghanistan to inform the contracting reform agenda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Huma

    2011-01-01

    This thesis will review the most relevant existing and proposed accountability mechanisms for private development and security contractors coming out of the human rights, public administration and anti-corruption fields. ...

  8. Fixing Failed States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, John

    2010-01-01

    Republic of the Congo 6. Iraq 7. Afghanistan 8. Centralwars in Afghanistan and Iraq has spent up to $500 billion aMilitary Adventure in Iraq 97 (2006). An army briefing noted

  9. Essays on Impact Evaluation in Labor and Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christensen, Garret Smyth

    2011-01-01

    Recruits and Monthly Iraq/Afghanistan Combat Deaths . Statein afghanistan and iraq. NBER Working Paper 16152, JulyThe electoral cost of war: Iraq casualties and the 2004 u.s.

  10. Traumatic Brain Injury and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in OEF/OIF Veterans : : A Combined Diffusion Tensor Imaging and Cortical Thickness Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorg, Scott Francis

    2013-01-01

    R. L. (2004). Combat duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, mentalU.S. soldiers returning from iraq. N.Engl.J.Med. , 358, 453-white matter integrity in Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans.

  11. Optimal tasking of mobile autonomous sensing assets in uncertain adversarial settings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oran, Ali

    2010-01-01

    Iraq and Afghanistan using spy drones. The trouble is, thereyear, a single new Reaper drone will record 10 video feeds

  12. Compiled by James A. Zeidler, Ph.D.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Posters: Iraq/Afghanistan (2007)...............................8-11 Egypt--Operation Bright Star (2009........................21 Country-Specific Web Sites for Iraq, Afghanistan, and Egypt (Revised 2010 among U.S. military personnel and DoD contractors in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Egypt of the importance

  13. A Trap At The Escape From The Trap? Demographic-Structural Factors of Political Instability in Modern Africa and West Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    Williams G. I. H. 2006. Liberia: The Heart of Darkness.In Albania, Egypt, Liberia, South Korea, and Syria,the year of civil war start Liberia occupied the first place

  14. --No Title--

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    |26.|Ukraine|134|0%| |27.|Indonesia|127|0%| |28.|Dominican Republic|126|0%| |29.|Egypt|124|0%| |30.|Morocco|115|0%| |31.|Argentina|114|0%| |32.|Albania|108|0%|...

  15. ACADEMIC DELEGATION VISITS 2008 -2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    Total Visits: 38 Europe: Kosovo, Germany, Estonia, Romania, Turkey, Belarus Asia: Kazakhstan, Russia: Austria, Germany, Slovenia, Turkey, United Kingdom, Sweden, Hungary, France, Albania Asia: Kazakhstan: 54 Europe: Turkey, Czech Republic, Germany, Kosovo, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Netherlands, Croatia

  16. Economics Understanding of Albanian High School Students: Factors Related to Achievement as Measured by Test Scores on the Test of Economic Literacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bushati, Dolore

    2010-04-19

    to slow sharply, 2008, para.1). Energy power problems in Albania have continued for a long period of time. Depending mainly on hydro power and using energy from power plants built during the communist era, Albania has suffered from blackouts due... plants along various rivers of the country during 2005-2009. The future will be even better based on the new strategic plan that the government will build more hydro power plants throughout the country and possibly a nuclear power plant (Summary...

  17. Country Zone 0.5 Kg 1 Kg Country Zone 0.5 Kg 1 Kg AFGHANISTAN 7 21.72 26.78 NEW WORK 9 7.20 11.70

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihadeh, Alan

    .72 26.78 COMOROS 7 21.72 26.78 FIJI 6 21.72 26.78 CONGO 7 21.72 26.78 FINLAND 5 9.59 14.65 COOK IS 6

  18. Prevalence and correlates of HIV, syphilis, and hepatitis B and C infection and harm reduction program use among male injecting drug users in Kabul, Afghanistan: A cross-sectional assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    Botros BA, Safi N, Earhart KC: Prevalence of HIV, hepatitisC, hepatitis B, and associated risk behaviors amongPJ, Ochoa K, Moss AR: Hepatitis C virus infection and needle

  19. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Congo, Dem. Rep. Congo,Bissau Chad Sierra Leone Comoros Vanuatu Afghanistan NigerBissau Freq. Swaziland Comoros Papua New Guinea Yemen, Rep.

  20. Sandia National Laboratories: News: Publications: Lab News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of scholars of the Pat Tillman Foundation, named after the ASU graduate, National Football League player, and soldier who was killed by friendly fire in Afghanistan. "Pat lived...

  1. NREL's Newest PE-Licensed Engineers Commit to Sustainability...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the world, from Alaska to Afghanistan, helping soldiers, airmen, and indigenous peoples save energy while saving taxpayer dollars. Nationwide, about 20% of engineers earn their...

  2. 2012 DOE Sustainability Awards | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    needs in Iraq and Afghanistan, commercial vendors, and the DOE International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor for a planned research project. Total return on investment...

  3. SFS Exhibit A General Conditions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Oman, Peru, or Singapore); or (3) A least developed country (Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Republic, Chad,...

  4. Microsoft Word - TOC Section I Conformed thru Mod 274.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nicaragua, or Singapore); (3) A least developed country (Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Central African...

  5. CPFFS Exhibit A General Conditions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    General Conditions Page 29 of 33 (3) A least developed country (Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Republic, Chad,...

  6. AES Exhibit A General Conditions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Oman, Peru, or Singapore); or (3) A least developed country (Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Republic, Chad,...

  7. CI-OFF Ex A (Rev. 0.2, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Oman, Peru, or Singapore); or (3) A least developed country (Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Republic, Chad,...

  8. South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.usaid.govourwork Country Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Maldives Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia,...

  9. Beat and Spoken Word Movements: Beating the American Bandwagon Mentality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, C.J.

    2011-01-01

    Beat and Spoken Word Movements: Beating the Americanmodern times, spoken word poets use the Iraq-Afghanistan Warhow the Beat and spoken word poets comment on American

  10. A SHARED STATE: IRAQI REFUGEES AND AMERICAN VETERANS IN THE AFTERMATH OF WAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolins, Maia

    2013-01-01

    Afghanistan, Palestine, and Iraq. Malden, MA: BlackwellCharles. A History of Iraq. New York: Cambridge UniversityWeb. Also, Glantz, Aaron and Iraq Veterans Against the War.

  11. Rallying around the Flag: Nationalist Emotions in American Mass Politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feinstein, Yuval

    2012-01-01

    Opinion from World War II to Iraq. Chicago ; London: Thesensitivity and the War in Iraq." International Security 30:interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq." Presidential Studies

  12. Exit Wound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holcombe, Hunter

    2012-01-01

    under age 35 killed in Iraq or Afghanistan, three die fromthe eye while serving in Iraq. After being told he is no

  13. Joint Statement by President Barack Obama of the United States...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    on a number of shared foreign policy priorities, including Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran, Middle East Peace, and the Americas. In particular, they reiterated their shared...

  14. 2013 NASFAA 1 Military and Veterans Tips Tip Sheet for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and will be starting college soon. My dad, an Army officer, died in Iraq in 2007. I just filed a FAFSA on the Web programs for students like me? Yes. You may be eligible to receive an Iraq and Afghanistan Service Grant your parent or guardian died as a result of military service in Iraq or Afghanistan after 9/11/01 while

  15. Invasion of Iraq & Looting of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Invasion of Iraq & Looting of the National Museum Army Reserve Major Corine Wegener is mobilized for Everyone (SAFE) develops the DoD Iraq & Afghanistan Heritage Reference Websites. DoD hosts a symposium Iraq/Afghanistan Playing Cards sent to US military locations and in-theatre. CENTCOM Historical

  16. 17.953 U.S. Military Budget and Force Planning, Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Cindy

    The United States is spending about $400 billion this year on national defense, some $40 billion on homeland security, and $85 billion on military operations and nation-building in Iraq and Afghanistan. This course is for ...

  17. An Update on Avian Flu The virus continues to spread in wild birds and poultry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Myanmar, India, Afghanistan, India, Iraq, Iran, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey, Greece, Romania, Bulgaria-scale and statistically significant efficacy studies of anti-viral drugs like Tamiflu and Relenza against the H5N1 avian

  18. Deployment related mental health care seeking behaviors in the U.S. military and the use of telehealth to mitigate their impacts on access to care

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hess, John (John Thomas)

    2012-01-01

    Interviewees report that groups of service members returning from Iraq and Afghanistan often require substantial amounts of mental health care, causing surges in demand at military hospitals. These hospitals have difficulty ...

  19. Computational modeling of blast-induced traumatic brain injury

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nyein, Michelle K. (Michelle Kyaw)

    2010-01-01

    Blast-induced TBI has gained prominence in recent years due to the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, yet little is known about the mechanical effects of blasts on the human head; no injury thresholds have been established ...

  20. Design and evaluation of a wireless electronic health records system for field care in mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirsh, David

    in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan; the coordinated bombings in Madrid1 and London;2 the Tsunami disaster prepares for: a dirty bomb (an explosive-dispersed radiation device) or nuclear-bomb detonation,6

  1. Computational Modeling and Optimization of a Novel Shock Tube to Study Blast Induced Traumatic Brain Injury 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anumolu, Pratima

    2014-08-06

    Over the last decade, soldiers fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan are being exposed to blasts from powerful explosives with improvised detonation techniques. These blasts put them at high risk of closed head non-impact ...

  2. Studying Unexplained Veteran Illnesses at the APS

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Schmidt, Millicent

    2014-06-04

    Researchers from Stony Brook University come to Argonne's Advanced Photon Source to study the potential underlying causes for an unusual increased incidence of pulmonary disease in U.S. soldiers returning from military service in the Middle East and Afghanistan.

  3. Fatty Acid Blood Levels, Vitamin D Status, and Physical Performance and Its Relationship to Resiliency and Mood in Active Duty Soldiers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barringer, Nicholas D

    2015-05-11

    The mental health of soldiers is a growing concern as rates of depression and suicide have increased in soldiers with recently more deaths attributed to suicide than deaths due to combat in Afghanistan in 2012. Previous ...

  4. Cultured men, uncultured women : an exploration of the gendered hierarchy of taste governing Afghan radio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamal, Sarah

    2005-01-01

    After years of strict bans on the media, local radio in post-Taliban Afghanistan is undergoing an intense period of reconstruction. This thesis uses a multi-sited ethnographic investigation to examine local Afghan radio's ...

  5. US military expenditures to protect the use of Persian Gulf oil for motor vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

    2008-01-01

    economic costs of the war in Iraq. Working Paper 05-19, AEI-The economic costs of the Iraq War: an appraisal three yearsA. , 2006. The cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and other global

  6. An All Women's Response to War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean, Rebecca

    2008-01-01

    war and aggression in Iraq are on the forefront of manyfifth anniversary of the war in Iraq, the issue Masculinistand occupation of Afghanistan and Iraq; and the use of war,

  7. Paper ID# 901456.PDF Page 1 of 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    @satechnologies.com haydee.cuevas@satechnologies.com dan.colombo@statechnologies.com ABSTRACT Recent operations in Iraq will be empowered to make better decisions. Recent operations in Iraq and Afghanistan have confirmed that in order

  8. U. S. Military Expenditures to Protect the Use of Persian Gulf Oil for Motor Vehicles: Report #15 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

    2006-01-01

    A. Belasco, The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Globaland After the 2003 Invasion of Iraq: Cluster Sample Survey,”after the 2003 Invasion of Iraq: a Cross-Sectional Cluster

  9. Studying Unexplained Veteran Illnesses at the APS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schmidt, Millicent

    2014-03-17

    Researchers from Stony Brook University come to Argonne's Advanced Photon Source to study the potential underlying causes for an unusual increased incidence of pulmonary disease in U.S. soldiers returning from military service in the Middle East and Afghanistan.

  10. Special Publication No. 3, Ticks and Tickborne Diseases, IV. Geographical Distribution of Ticks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doss, Mildred A.; Farr, Marion M.; Roach, Katharine F.; Anastos, George

    1978-01-01

    ISLANDS see NEW GUINEA AFGHANISTAN Aponomma latum (Santos Dias, J. ?. ?. , (1961A), 1- 18) AFGHANISTAN -- Continued. Haemaphysalis sulcata (Anastos, G., (1956?), 18-19) Hyalomma aegyptium (Anastos, G., (1954C) 1?.9-174\\ (Chasma-Obeh, Adaraskand...) '' 169"174> Hyalomma aegyptium (Kaiser, M.'N. & Hooestraal, ?., (1963A), 130-139) Argas (Chiropterargas) afghanistaniensis (Santos Dias, J. A. T. , (196??), 1-18) Argas (Chiropterargas) boueti (Nemenz, ?., (1960A), 45-47) Argas persicus (Anastos, G...

  11. st International Conference BiblioWorld: Technology, Resources, Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanchev, Peter

    Totomanova, National Library "St. St. Cyril and Methodius", Sofia 11:45-12:05 New communication aspects access to old European written heritage Adolf Knoll, National Library of the Czech Republic, Prague 14 Library: "dream"and/or "reality" for the Albanian libraries? Dr. Etleva Domi, National Library of Albania

  12. ICTP Public Information Office Page 1 31/03/15 Country Total visitors Female visitors Person-months*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -months* Albania 3 2 4.14 Algeria 50 19 50.37 Argentina 142 53 111.55 Armenia 94 42 39.58 Australia 18 5 5.37 Colombia 49 13 55.76 Costa Rica 44 5 33.80 Côte d'Ivoire 12 2 14.83 Croatia 29 11 10.95 STATISTICAL SUMMARY

  13. NETHERLANDS SWITZERLAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OCEAN SOUTHERN OCEANSOUTHERN OCEAN SOUTHERN OCEAN SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN ARCTIC OCEANARCTIC OCEAN NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN Determining Factors for Medical Threat Levels MACEDONIA ALBANIA MONTENEGRO GREECE AZERBAIJAN ARCTIC OCEAN NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN SOUTH ATLANTIC OCEAN INDIAN

  14. Theorizing September 11: Social Theory, History, and Globalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kellner, Douglas

    2002-04-01

    years more of civil war, setting up the present conflict (see Cooley 2000; Rashid 2001; and Ali 2002). While later in the 1990s, certain U.S. interests would be attracted to the oil and gas possibilities in Afghanistan and would cozy up to and support..., which had done a feasibility study for the project. Enron and Unocal had lavishly courted the Taliban and encouraged U.S. support of the regime since they were deemed the group most likely to stabilize Afghanistan and allow the pipeline to be built.11...

  15. Sonny Ramaswamy Director of Agricultural Research Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Source: http://www.eia.doe.gov Petroleum (million barrels/day) USA imports 60% of oil at an annual cost of $250 B The Perfect Storm · September 11, 2001 · Terrorism, Iraq, Afghanistan · Iran, Venezuela, Nigeria · Higher farm income and value · Net energy, CO2, greenhouse gas output in production and use of ethanol

  16. WINTER 2002 19 2001 INDUCTION CEREMONY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Joel E.

    by Peter Fritsch, entitled "Lesson Plan: Religious Schools in Pakistan Fill Void--and Spawn Warriors of Save the Children for Pakistan and Afghanistan, observed that relatively uneducated hard-line groups. On CNN at the end of September, Fritsch reported, Pakistan's military dictator, General Pervez Musharraf

  17. ResearchMICHIGAN TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY > 2010 TABLE OF CONTENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    world last year when they made a discovery that could mean it's raining less than we think will focus primarily on better energy development and distribution and on earthquake hazard mitigation. "I and Afghanistan. The people I work with are very smart, but the need to balance competing agendas among different

  18. The United States: The Making of National Security Policy John M. Deutch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    as observation or involvement is vast. It begins with Afghanistan and Iraq and extends to China and East Asia. It includes Iran, Africa, the Middle East peace process, Russia, European affairs, functional areas of energy group is with political-military affairs. With other matters, additional agencies may participate

  19. 09/10/2009 17:48Why Chimpanzees Make Bad Suicide Bombers : The Primate Diaries Page 1 of 15http://scienceblogs.com/primatediaries/2009/08/why_chimpanzees_make_bad_suici.php

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gardner, Andy

    Search Recent Posts Afghanistan's Arrow and the Cycle of Imperial Hubris Is Bisphenol-A Turning Our Kids that Religion Really Does Poison Everything Jim Lippard on Is Bisphenol-A Turning Our Kids Nasty? Bob O'H on Evidence that Religion Really Does Poison Everything EMJ on Is Bisphenol-A Turning Our Kids Nasty? Jim

  20. Nepal's Maoists: Purists or Pragmatists?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Crisis Group

    2007-05-18

    , Nepal’s Maoists: Their Aims, Structure and Strategy, ?? ??????? ???? ??????????? ????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ??????? ??. ???, Nepal: From People Power to Peace?, ?? ?? ????, ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ??. ???, Nepal’s Peace... ), Communist Party of Afghanistan, Communist Party of Bangladesh (Marxist-Leninist), Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), Communist Party of Peru, Communist Party of Turkey Marxist-Leninist, Marxist-Leninist Communist Organisation of Tunisia, Maoist Communist...

  1. The G8 must fund the war against poverty: JEFFREY SACHS. By JEFFREY SACHS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COMMENT The G8 must fund the war against poverty: JEFFREY SACHS. By JEFFREY SACHS 768 words 7 June outlays in Iraq and Afghanistan. The G8 should start by remembering its promises. The millennium, the G8 and other signatories urged "developed countries that have not done so to make concrete efforts

  2. Workshop on Computational Linguistics and Clinical Psychology: From Linguistic Signal to Clinical Reality, pages 16, Baltimore, Maryland USA, June 27, 2014. c 2014 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    classifier. 2 Suicide risk and military culture The suicide rate among members of the United States Armed in Iraq and Afghanistan. Sui- cide is now the second-leading cause of death among military personnel). In response to steadily rising suicide rates among military per- sonnel and veterans, researchers, clinicians

  3. Reaching More for Less: Modernizing US International Food Aid Programs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natsios, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    of International Affairs, is also an executive professor at the Bush School of Government and Public Service. He is a former USAID admin- istrator who managed reconstruction programs in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Sudan. He also served as US special envoy to Sudan...

  4. Geek-Up[09.17.2010]-- Water Blades, Biomass Conversion and Antineutrino Detection

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Scientists have engineered a blade of water that’s strong enough and fast enough to penetrate through steel, which will help soldiers in Afghanistan disable deadly IEDs, plus researchers are currently testing an aboveground water-based antineutrino detector that will improve monitoring capabilities at nuclear facilities.

  5. Experts Offer Marines Energy-Efficiency Advice

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    As an early adopter of cutting-edge technologies, the United States military is pioneering energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies in the field. Recently, the Commandant of the United States Marine Corps sent a team to visit bases and camps in Afghanistan to assess and make recommendations on the supply and use of energy and water.

  6. International bibliography of vegetation maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ku?chler, A. W. (August William)

    1965-01-01

    372 Albania 24 Iceland 397 Andorra 27 Italy .400 Austria 28 Luxembourg 421 Belgium 60 Netherlands 423 British. Isles 89 Norway ...446 Bulgaria 149 Poland 447 Czechoslovakia 152 Portugal 458 Denmark 173 Rumania .467 Finland 176 San Marino 489..., NORWAY AND FINLAND" in color 1:10,600,000 LEGEND 1. Conifers 3. Mixed conifers and hardwods 2. Hardwoods ZON, RAPHAEL and WILLIAM N. SPARHAWK 1923 Forest resources of the world. New York, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., vol. 1, facing p. 102. 1925...

  7. World frontiers beckon oil finders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01

    This paper discusses the international aspects of the petroleum industry. Most who work in the industry agree that the possibilities for huge are found largely in international regions. Something that is helping fuel that possibility is the way countries are increasingly opening their doors to US oil industry involvement. Listed in this paper is a partial list of the reported projects now underway around the world involving US companies. It is not intended to be comprehensive, but rather an indication of how work continues despite a general lull atmosphere for the oil industry. These include Albania, Bulgaria, Congo, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ireland, Malta, Madagascar, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Panama, Paraquay, and Senegal.

  8. DoD perspective James Short is a visiting professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Maryland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Anthony F. J.

    % Jet Fuel 53% Auto Diesel 8% 11% #12;6 DoD Energy Use Typical DoD Consumption (by BTUs) Marine Diesel personnel or contractors killed or wounded between FY03-07 in attacks on water and fuel convoys Afghanistan ­ One Marine wounded for every 50 convoys in 2010 The Highest PriceThe Highest Price 4 #12;5 DoD Energy

  9. An Analysis of Toponymic Homonyms in Gazetteers: Country-Level Duplicate Names in the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency’s Geographic Names Data Base 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldwell, Douglas R.

    2008-08-20

    , Thailand, Burma, and Vietnam in the top 25. Outside of Eurasia, Mexico ranked in the top ten and Brazil and Columbia in the top twenty-five. Figure 1. Map of Number of Toponymic Homonyms. Page 6 Rank Country Count Rank Country Count 1 Russia 35392... 14 Poland 5930 2 China 19363 15 South Korea 5559 3 Iran 17386 16 Thailand 5405 4 Indonesia 16504 17 Burma 4844 5 Afghanistan 10461 18 Brazil 4614 6 Pakistan 9221 19 Ukraine 4358 7 Germany 8454 20 Belgium 4181 8 Mexico 8193 21 Peru 3978 9...

  10. Reducing Our Carbon Footprint: A Low-Energy House in Berkeley, Kabul, and Washington DC (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Diamond, Rick

    2011-04-28

    How well can we assess and improve building energy performance in California homes? How much energy-and carbon-do homes use in other parts of the world? Rick Diamond, deputy group leader of the Berkeley Lab Energy Performance of Buildings Group, discusses change, global solutions, and the stories of three houses in Berkeley, Kabul (Afghanistan), and Washington, D.C. Diamond, who is also a senior advisor at the California Institute for Energy and Environment, investigates user interactions with the built environment for improved building energy performance. The group has studied a wide range of issues related to energy use in housing, including duct system efficiency, user behavior, and infiltration and ventilation measurements.

  11. LLNL/LANS mission committee meeting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burns, Michael J

    2010-12-06

    Recent events continue to show the national security imperative of the global security mission: (1) Fighting Proliferation - (a) At Yongbyon, 'a modern, industrial-scale U-enrichment facility w/2000 centrifuges' seen Nov. 2010, (b) In Iran, fueling began at Bushehr while P5+1/lran talks delayed to Dec. 2010; (2) Continuing need to support the warfighter and IC - (a) tensions on the Korean peninsula, (b) primitative IEDs a challenge in Afghanistan, (c) cyber command, (d)another Georgian smuggling event; and (3) Countering terrorisms on US soil - (a) toner cartridge bomb, (b) times square bomb, (c) christmas tree bomb. Joint Technical Operations Team (JTOT) and Accident Response Group (ARG) elements deployed to two East Coast locations in November to work a multi-weapon scenario. LANL provided 70% of on-duty field and reconstitution teams for both Marble Challenge 11-01 and JD 11-01. There were a total of 14 deployments in FY10.

  12. Advances in exposure and toxicity assessment of particulate matter: An overview of presentations at the 2009 Toxicology and Risk Assessment Conference

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gunasekar, Palur G.; Stanek, Lindsay W.

    2011-07-15

    The 2009 Toxicology and Risk Assessment Conference (TRAC) session on 'Advances in Exposure and Toxicity Assessment of Particulate Matter' was held in April 2009 in West Chester, OH. The goal of this session was to bring together toxicology, geology and risk assessment experts from the Department of Defense and academia to examine issues in exposure assessment and report on recent epidemiological findings of health effects associated with particulate matter (PM) exposure. Important aspects of PM exposure research are to detect and monitor low levels of PM with various chemical compositions and to assess the health risks associated with these exposures. As part of the overall theme, some presenters discussed collection methods for sand and dust from Iraqi and Afghanistan regions, health issues among deployed personnel, and future directions for risk assessment research among these populations. The remaining speakers focused on the toxicity of ultrafine PM and the characterization of aerosols generated during ballistic impacts of tungsten heavy alloys.

  13. Scientists train honeybees to detect explosives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2008-03-21

    Members of the Los Alamos National Laboratory Stealthy Insect Sensor Project team have been able to harness the honeybee's exceptional olfactory sense by using the bees' natural reaction to nectar, a proboscis extension reflex (sticking out their tongue) to record an unmistakable response to a scent. Using Pavlovian techniques, researchers were able to train the bees to give a positive detection response via the PER when exposed to vapors from TNT, C4, and TATP explosives. The Stealthy Insect Sensor Project was born out of a global threat from the growing use of improvised explosive devices or IEDs, especially those that present a critical vulnerability for American military troops in Iraq and Afghanistan, and as an emerging danger for civilians worldwide. Current strategies to detect explosives are expensive and, in the case of trained detection dogs, too obtrusive to be used very discreetly. With bees however, they are small and discreet, offering the element of surprise. They're also are inexpensive to maintain and even easier to train than dogs. As a result of this need, initial funding for the work was provided by a development grant from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

  14. Scientists train honeybees to detect explosives

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2014-07-24

    Members of the Los Alamos National Laboratory Stealthy Insect Sensor Project team have been able to harness the honeybee's exceptional olfactory sense by using the bees' natural reaction to nectar, a proboscis extension reflex (sticking out their tongue) to record an unmistakable response to a scent. Using Pavlovian techniques, researchers were able to train the bees to give a positive detection response via the PER when exposed to vapors from TNT, C4, and TATP explosives. The Stealthy Insect Sensor Project was born out of a global threat from the growing use of improvised explosive devices or IEDs, especially those that present a critical vulnerability for American military troops in Iraq and Afghanistan, and as an emerging danger for civilians worldwide. Current strategies to detect explosives are expensive and, in the case of trained detection dogs, too obtrusive to be used very discreetly. With bees however, they are small and discreet, offering the element of surprise. They're also are inexpensive to maintain and even easier to train than dogs. As a result of this need, initial funding for the work was provided by a development grant from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

  15. Unproven screening devices threaten the lives of police and military.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murray, Dale W.

    2010-07-01

    In a world plagued with improvised explosive devices, drugs and dangerous people, the desire to field technology to protect our police and military is providing a fertile market for the proliferation of protection technologies that range from the unproven to the disproven. The market place is currently being flooded with detection equipment making inflated and inaccurate marketing claims of high reliably, high detection probabilities, and ease of operation - all while offering detection capabilities at safe distances. The manufacturers of these devices have found a willing global marketplace, which includes some of the most dangerous places in the world. Despite a wealth of contradictory performance and testing data available on the Internet, sales of these devices remain brisk and profitable. Rather than enhancing the security of police and military personnel, the reliance on these unproven and disproven devices is creating a sense of false security that is actually lowering the safety of front-line forces in places like Iraq and Afghanistan. This paper addresses the development and distribution history of some of these devices and describes the testing performed by Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, and other reputable testing agencies that illustrate the real danger in using this kind of unproven technology.

  16. Nuclear programs in India and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mian, Zia

    2014-05-09

    India and Pakistan launched their respective nuclear programs in the 1940s and 1950s with considerable foreign technical support, especially from the United States Atoms for Peace Program. The technology and training that was acquired served as the platform for later nuclear weapon development efforts that included nuclear weapon testing in 1974 and in 1998 by India, and also in 1998 by Pakistan - which had illicitly acquired uranium enrichment technology especially from Europe and received assistance from China. As of 2013, both India and Pakistan were continuing to produce fissile material for weapons, in the case of India also for nuclear naval fuel, and were developing a diverse array of ballistic and cruise missiles. International efforts to restrain the South Asian nuclear build-up have been largely set aside over the past decade as Pakistani support became central for the U.S. war in Afghanistan and as U.S. geopolitical and economic interests in supporting the rise of India, in part as a counter to China, led to India being exempted both from U.S non-proliferation laws and international nuclear trade guidelines. In the absence of determined international action and with Pakistan blocking the start of talks on a fissile material cutoff treaty, nuclear weapon programs in South Asia are likely to keep growing for the foreseeable future.

  17. Science and Technology in Support of U.S. Policy in Central Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapp, R B

    2003-11-04

    The current war with Iraq, international interventions in Afghanistan, and the continuous and seemingly insolvable problems in the Middle East emphasize the importance of supporting stable, healthy countries throughout the Middle East and South and Central Asia. The political alliances and foreign aid promulgated by the Cold War have been seriously strained, creating a more uncertain and unstable international environment. We must stay engaged with this part of the world. New partnerships must be forged. Central Asia represents a mix of political systems - from totalitarian rule to nascent democracy; of economic resources from natural to human; and of cultures from ancient to modern - making it of strategic importance to U. S. national and economic security. The U.S. must remain committed and proactively engaged in the region to promote open and democratic societies attractive to outside investment and to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and extremist groups. The U.S is admired for its science and technology and its flexibility in innovation and applying S&T to solve problems. The inherent value that S&T can contribute to advancing U.S. policy goals is the underlying assumption of this report. Science and technology and their applications have much to contribute to social, economic, and environmental sustainability and, therefore, provide a strong foundation for helping the U.S. to implement its policies abroad. The application of concepts such as competition and peer review, open sharing of scientific information through the use of the internet and other information technologies, and the development of international scientific collaborations and networks, can make major contributions to healthy and stable societies in Central Asia. U.S. scientific and technical know-how has much to contribute to U.S. policy goals and easing regional tensions. Science and technology truly can build bridges between nations and cultures while serving the societies in them.

  18. Protein and microRNA biomarkers from lavage, urine, and serum in military personnel evaluated for dyspnea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Joseph N. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Brewer, Heather M. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Nicora, Carrie D. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Weitz, Karl K. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Morris, Michael J. [San Antonio Military Medical Center, San Antonio, TX (United States); Skabelund, Andrew J. [San Antonio Military Medical Center, San Antonio, TX (United States); Adkins, Joshua N. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Smith, Richard D. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Cho, Ji -Hoon [Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA (United States); Gelinas, Richard [Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA (United States)

    2014-10-05

    Background: We have identified candidate protein and microRNA (miRNA) biomarkers for dyspnea by studying serum, lavage fluid, and urine from military personnel who reported serious respiratory symptoms after they were deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan. Methods: Forty-seven soldiers with the complaint of dyspnea who enrolled in the STudy of Active Duty Military Personnel for Environmental Dust Exposure (STAMPEDE) underwent comprehensive pulmonary evaluations at the San Antonio Military Medical Center. The evaluation included fiber-optic bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage. The clinical findings from the STAMPEDE subjects pointed to seven general underlying diagnoses or findings including airway hyperreactivity, asthma, low diffusivity of carbon monoxide, and abnormal cell counts. The largest category was undiagnosed. As an exploratory study, not a classification study, we profiled proteins or miRNAs in lavage fluid, serum, or urine in this group to look for any underlying molecular patterns that might lead to biomarkers. Proteins in lavage fluid and urine were identified by accurate mass tag (database-driven) proteomics methods while miRNAs were profiled by a hybridization assay applied to serum, urine, and lavage fluid. Results: Over seventy differentially expressed proteins were reliably identified both from lavage and from urine in forty-eight dyspnea subjects compared to fifteen controls with no known lung disorder. Six of these proteins were detected both in urine and lavage. One group of subjects was distinguished from controls by expressing a characteristic group of proteins. A related group of dyspnea subjects expressed a unique group of miRNAs that included one miRNA that was differentially overexpressed in all three fluids studied. The levels of several miRNAs also showed modest but direct associations with several standard clinical measures of lung health such as forced vital capacity or gas exchange efficiency. Conclusions: Candidate proteins and miRNAs associated with the general diagnosis of dyspnea have been identified in subjects with differing medical diagnoses. Since these markers can be measured in readily obtained clinical samples, further studies are possible that test the value of these findings in more formal classification or case–control studies in much larger cohorts of subjects with specific lung diseases such as asthma, emphysema, or some other well-defined lung disease.

  19. Protein and microRNA biomarkers from lavage, urine, and serum in military personnel evaluated for dyspnea

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Brown, Joseph N.; Brewer, Heather M.; Nicora, Carrie D.; Weitz, Karl K.; Morris, Michael J.; Skabelund, Andrew J.; Adkins, Joshua N.; Smith, Richard D.; Cho, Ji -Hoon; Gelinas, Richard

    2014-10-05

    Background: We have identified candidate protein and microRNA (miRNA) biomarkers for dyspnea by studying serum, lavage fluid, and urine from military personnel who reported serious respiratory symptoms after they were deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan. Methods: Forty-seven soldiers with the complaint of dyspnea who enrolled in the STudy of Active Duty Military Personnel for Environmental Dust Exposure (STAMPEDE) underwent comprehensive pulmonary evaluations at the San Antonio Military Medical Center. The evaluation included fiber-optic bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage. The clinical findings from the STAMPEDE subjects pointed to seven general underlying diagnoses or findings including airway hyperreactivity, asthma, low diffusivity of carbonmore »monoxide, and abnormal cell counts. The largest category was undiagnosed. As an exploratory study, not a classification study, we profiled proteins or miRNAs in lavage fluid, serum, or urine in this group to look for any underlying molecular patterns that might lead to biomarkers. Proteins in lavage fluid and urine were identified by accurate mass tag (database-driven) proteomics methods while miRNAs were profiled by a hybridization assay applied to serum, urine, and lavage fluid. Results: Over seventy differentially expressed proteins were reliably identified both from lavage and from urine in forty-eight dyspnea subjects compared to fifteen controls with no known lung disorder. Six of these proteins were detected both in urine and lavage. One group of subjects was distinguished from controls by expressing a characteristic group of proteins. A related group of dyspnea subjects expressed a unique group of miRNAs that included one miRNA that was differentially overexpressed in all three fluids studied. The levels of several miRNAs also showed modest but direct associations with several standard clinical measures of lung health such as forced vital capacity or gas exchange efficiency. Conclusions: Candidate proteins and miRNAs associated with the general diagnosis of dyspnea have been identified in subjects with differing medical diagnoses. Since these markers can be measured in readily obtained clinical samples, further studies are possible that test the value of these findings in more formal classification or case–control studies in much larger cohorts of subjects with specific lung diseases such as asthma, emphysema, or some other well-defined lung disease.« less

  20. The structures of marialite (Me[subscript 6]) and meionite (Me[subscript 93]) in space groups P4[subscript 2]/n and I4/m, and the absence of phase transitions in the scapolite series

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Antao, Sytle M.; Hassan, Ishmael (West Indies) [West Indies; (Calgary)

    2014-05-28

    The crystal structures of marialite (Me{sub 6}) from Badakhshan, Afghanistan and meionite (Me{sub 93}) from Mt. Vesuvius, Italy were obtained using synchrotron high-resolution powder X-ray diffraction (HRPXRD) data and Rietveld structure refinements. Their structures were refined in space groups I4/m and P42/n, and similar results were obtained. The Me{sub 6} sample has a formula Ca{sub 0.24}Na{sub 3.37}K{sub 0.24}[Al{sub 3.16}Si{sub 8.84}O{sub 24}]Cl{sub 0.84}(CO{sub 3}){sub 0.15}, and its unit-cell parameters are a = 12.047555(7), c = 7.563210(6) {angstrom}, and V = 1097.751(1) {angstrom}{sup 3}. The average (T1-O) distances are 1.599(1) {angstrom} in I4/m and 1.600(2) {angstrom} in P4{sub 2}/n, indicating that the T1 site contains only Si atoms. In P4{sub 2}/n, the average distances of (T2-O) = 1.655(2) and (T3-O) = 1.664(2) {angstrom} are distinct and are not equal to each other. However, the mean (T2,3-O) = 1.659(2) {angstrom} in P4{sub 2}/n and is identical to the (T2-O) = 1.659(1) {angstrom} in I4/m. The (M-O) [7] = 2.754(1) {angstrom} (M site is coordinated to seven framework O atoms) and M-A = 2.914(1) {angstrom}; these distances are identical in both space groups. The Me{sub 93} sample has a formula of Na{sub 0.29}Ca{sub 3.76}[Al{sub 5.54}Si{sub 6.46}O{sub 24}]Cl{sub 0.05}(SO{sub 4}){sub 0.02}(CO{sub 3}){sub 0.93}, and its unit-cell parameters are a = 12.19882(1), c = 7.576954(8) {angstrom}, and V = 1127.535(2) {angstrom}{sup 3}. A similar examination of the Me{sub 93} sample also shows that both space groups give similar results; however, the C-O distance is more reasonable in P4{sub 2}/n than in I4/m. Refining the scapolite structure near Me{sub 0} or Me{sub 100} in I4/m forces the T2 and T3 sites (both with multiplicity 8 in P4{sub 2}/n) to be equivalent and form the T2' site (with multiplicity 16 in I4/m), but (T2-O) is not equal to (T3-O) in P4{sub 2}/n. Using different space groups for different regions across the series implies phase transitions, which do not occur in the scapolite series.

  1. Retrofiting survivability of military vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Canavan, Gregory H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    In Iraq the terrain was such that vehicles could be distributed horizontally, which reduced the effectiveness of mines. In the mountainous terrain of Pakistan and Afghanistan vehicles are forced to use the few, passable roads, which are dirt and easily seeded with plentiful, cheap, intelligent mines. It is desirable to reduce the losses to such mines, preferably by retrofit means that do not greatly increase weight or cost or reduce maneuverability. V-bottom vehicles - A known approach to reducing vulnerability is the Buffalo, a large vehicle developed by South Africa to address mine warfare. It has large tires, high axles, and a reinforced, v-shaped bottom that deflects the blast from explosions below. It is developed and tested in combat, but is expensive and has reduced off-road mobility. The domestic MRAP has similar cost and mobility issue. The addition of v-shaped blast deflectors to vehicles such as Humvees could act much as the deflector on a Buffalo, but a Humvee is closer to the ground, so the explosive's expansion would be reduced. The deflector would also reduce a Humvee's clearance for rough terrain, and a deflector of adequate thickness to address the blast by itself could further increase cost and reduce mobility. Reactive armor is developed and has proven effective against shaped and explosive charges from side or top attack. It detects their approach, detonates, and defeats them by interfering with jet formation. If the threat was a shaped charge from below, they would be a logical choice. But the bulk of the damage to Humvees appears to be from the blast from high explosive mines for which the colliding shock from reactive armor could increase that from the explosive. Porous materials such as sand can strongly attenuate the kinetic energy and pressure of a strong shock. Figure 1 shows the kinetic energy (KE), momentum (Mu), velocity (u), and mass (M) of a spherically expanding shock as functions of radius for a material with a porosity of 0.5. Over the range from 0.5 to 4.5 cm the shock KE is attenuated by a factor of {approx}70, while its momentum is changed little. The shock and particle velocity falls by a factor of 200 while the mass increases by a factor of 730. In the limit of very porous media u {approx} 1/M, so KE {approx} 1/M, which falls by a factor of {approx}600, while momentum Mu does not change at all. Figure 2 shows the KE, Mu, u, and M for a material with a porosity of 1.05, for which the KE changes little. In the limit of media of very low porosity, u {approx} 1/{radical}M, so KE is constant while Mu {approx} {radical}M, which increases by a factor of 15. Thus, if the goal is to reduce the peak pressure from strong explosions below, very porous materials, which strongly reduce pressure but do not increase momentum, are preferred to non-porous materials, which amplify momentum but do not decrease pressure. These predictions are in qualitative accord with the results of experiments at Los Alamos in which projectiles from high velocity, large caliber cannons were stopped by one to two sandbags. The studies were performed primarily to determine the effectiveness of sand in stopping fragments of various sizes, but could be extended to study sand's effectiveness in attenuating blast pressure. It would also be useful to test the above predictions on the effectiveness of media with higher porosity. Water barriers have been discussed but not deployed in previous retrofit survivability studies for overseas embassies. They would detect the flash from the mine detonation below, trigger a thin layer of explosive above a layer of water, and drive water droplets into the approaching blast wave. The blast loses energy in evaporating the droplets and loses momentum in slowing them. Under favorable conditions that could attenuate the pressure in the blast enough to prevent the penetration or disruption of the vehicle. However, such barriers would depend on prompt and reliable detonation detection and water droplet dispersal, which have not been tested. There is a large literature on the theoretical effec