National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for afghanistan albania algeria

  1. AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    Peru Comoros China, Hong Kong SAR Suriname Congo, Dem. Rep. (Kinshasa) China, Macau SAR Uruguay Congo

  2. Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    of Iran Aghajari Oil & Gas Production Company (AOGPC) B,C,N 20 Islamic Republic of Iran Aluminat Places The World Islamic Front for Jihad against Jews and Crusaders Usama Bin Laden Network Usama Bin of Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Pakistan Ummah Tameer E-Nau (UTN) N 4 United Arab Emirates Energy Global

  3. Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Oil & Gas Production Company (AOGPC) B,C,N 20 Islamic Republic of Iran Aluminat Aluminat Production Places The World Islamic Front for Jihad against Jews and Crusaders Usama Bin Laden Network Usama Bin of Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Pakistan Ummah Tameer E-Nau (UTN) N 4 United Arab Emirates Energy Global

  4. Albania-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  5. Sources of records for Albania in Flora Europaea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sokolowski, Marla

    boundaries some, particularly Albania, Epirus, Macedonia and Thrace transcend post 1945 political boundaries Albanian Alps". Much of this mountain range is in Serbia and Macedonia (particularly the part named !ar that the collection was from Albania when in fact it came from Serbia or Macedonia. Some of these collections are from

  6. Algeria LPG pipeline is build by Bechtel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horner, C.

    1984-08-01

    The construction of the 313 mile long, 24 in. LPG pipeline from Hassi R'Mel to Arzew, Algeria is described. The pipeline was designed to deliver 6 million tons of LPG annually using one pumping station. Eventually an additional pumping station will be added to raise the system capacity to 9 million tons annually.

  7. Desirability and Feasibility of a Policy Neutrality in Afghanistan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andisha, Nasir A.

    2015-07-08

    Bush School Alum, Ambassador Nasir A. Andisha, presents his doctoral thesis on the "Desirability and Feasibility of a Policy of Neutrality in Afghanistan: The Dilemma of Collective Security and Neutrality in Afghanistan."

  8. Gays and Lesbians at War: Military Service in Iraq and Afghanistan Under “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell”

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Nathaniel

    2004-01-01

    AT WAR: MILITARY SERVICE IN IRAQ AND AFGHANISTAN UNDER “DON’wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Despite widespread knowledgeused before sites in Iraq and Afghanistan were improved, as

  9. Martinkus docos show reality of Afghanistan war

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wapstra, Erik

    Martinkus docos show reality of Afghanistan war By ShAron Webb Journalist John Martinkus reels off the date he was kidnapped in the Iraq war as if it's perma- nently scratched on his brain. "It happened. It was terrible. I thought: Here we go." It's experiences like this that gave credibility to the television war

  10. Subsalt Depth Seismic Imaging and Structural Interpretation in Dumre Area, Albania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Subsalt Depth Seismic Imaging and Structural Interpretation in Dumre Area, Albania A. Jardin1, F Interpretation in Dumre Area, Albania -- The challenge of seismic exploration in fold and thrust belt settings compte plus importante des données géologiques. Abstract -- Subsalt Depth Seismic Imaging and Structural

  11. Assessment of Biomass Resources in Afghanistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milbrandt, A.; Overend, R.

    2011-01-01

    Afghanistan is facing many challenges on its path of reconstruction and development. Among all its pressing needs, the country would benefit from the development and implementation of an energy strategy. In addition to conventional energy sources, the Afghan government is considering alternative options such as energy derived from renewable resources (wind, solar, biomass, geothermal). Biomass energy is derived from a variety of sources -- plant-based material and residues -- and can be used in various conversion processes to yield power, heat, steam, and fuel. This study provides policymakers and industry developers with information on the biomass resource potential in Afghanistan for power/heat generation and transportation fuels production. To achieve this goal, the study estimates the current biomass resources and evaluates the potential resources that could be used for energy purposes.

  12. Simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watkins, Jennifer H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; MacKerrow, Edward P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Merritt, Terence M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-04-08

    This paper outlines an opium supply chain using the Hilmand province of Afghanistan as exemplar. The opium supply chain model follows the transformation of opium poppy seed through cultivation and chemical alteration to brown heroin base. The purpose of modeling and simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain is to discover and test strategies that will disrupt this criminal enterprise.

  13. Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

    2007-01-01

    Brazil Norway Moldova NZ Macedonia Switzerlad. AlbaniaPhilippines Colombia Macedonia Turkey Albania GuatemalaIran Argentina Bosnia Macedonia Belarus Algeria Armenia

  14. EM Employee Serves Military in Afghanistan, Manages $5.8 Billion Army Task Order

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    BAGRAM AIRFIELD, Afghanistan – EM employee James Hawkins is currently serving the U.S. military in Afghanistan, where he is administering a $5.8 billion task order for the Army.

  15. An adaptive artificial neural network model for sizing stand-alone photovoltaic systems: Application for isolated sites in Algeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mellit, A; Hadj-Arab, A; Guessoum, A

    2004-01-01

    An adaptive artificial neural network model for sizing stand-alone photovoltaic systems: Application for isolated sites in Algeria

  16. GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT PSW-GTR-245 Wildfire Management Policies in Algeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    or maquis. Recent work has shown that forest fires are the main factor explaining (90%) degradation of northern Algeria, 42,555 forest fires have burned a total of 910,640 ha. On average, 1,636 fires burn 35 frequency for the area. As in the entire Mediterranean basin, forest fires in Algeria are mostly human

  17. "To Have and Have Not" Migration, Remittances, Poverty and Inequality in Algeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 "To Have and Have Not" Migration, Remittances, Poverty and Inequality in Algeria David Margolis in Idjeur being twice as large as Nedroma. At the same time, they help reduce poverty by nearly 13 that the latter do not send money home. Keywords: Remittances, Migration, Poverty, Inequality, Algeria

  18. Algeria-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand DaltonSolarOpen5 -TelephoneInformation Alger County,Algeria-Clean

  19. What Can Open Access Do for Me? Personal Perspectives of KU Faculty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, A. Townsend; Greenberg, Marc L.; Torrance, Andrew W.; Goddard, Stephen

    2010-10-21

    , Belgium, Belarus, Barbados, Bangladesh, Bahrain, Austria, Australia, Aruba, Argentina, Algeria, Albania … town@ku.edu ..., Belgium, Belarus, Barbados, Bangladesh, Bahrain, Austria, Australia, Aruba, Argentina, Algeria, Albania … town@ku.edu ...

  20. NUMERICAL PREDICTION OF FAULTING AND FRACTURING IN THE AHNET BASIN, ALGERIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beekman, Fred

    1 NUMERICAL PREDICTION OF FAULTING AND FRACTURING IN THE AHNET BASIN, ALGERIA Fred Beekman1 and natural fractures strongly depends on the material properties and on the structural position inside models predict rock fracturing to be initiated at shallow depths at the crest of the anticline, and under

  1. Determinants of IDP Voice--Four Cases from Sierra Leone and Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esser, Daniel

    Using an interview-based case study methodology, this paper investigates how four groups of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Afghanistan and Sierra Leone engage in existing frameworks of local governance with the aim ...

  2. Press Release: New calculations show as many as 7.3 million Americans know someone killed or injured in Iraq and Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hicks, Sally

    2006-01-01

    know a soldier killed in Iraq, it’s going to make the costSomeone Killed or Injured in Iraq, Afghanistan The socialor injured in the war in Iraq and Afghanistan, according to

  3. A century of oil and gas exploration in Albania: assessment of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORMs)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xhixha, Gerti; Callegari, Ivan; Colonna, Tommaso; Hasani, Fadil; Mantovani, Fabio; Shala, Ferat; Strati, Virginia; Kaçeli, Merita Xhixha

    2015-01-01

    Because potential Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORMs) generated from oil and gas extractions in Albania have been disposed without regulatory criteria in many decades, an extensive survey in one of the most productive regions (Vlora-Elbasan) has been performed. Among 52 gamma-ray spectrometry measurements of soil, oil-sand, sludge, produced water and crude oil samples, we discover that relatively low activity concentrations of 226Ra, 228Ra, 228Th and 40K, which are 23 +/- 2 Bq/kg, 23 +/- 2 Bq/kg, 24 +/- 3 Bq/kg and 549 +/- 12 Bq/kg, respectively, come from oil-sand produced by hydrocarbon extraction from molasses formations. The mineralogical characterization together with the 228Ra/40K and 226Ra/40K ratios of these Neogene deposits confirm the geological and geodynamic model that predicts a dismantling of Mesozoic source rocks. The average activity concentrations (+/- standard deviations) of the radium isotopes (226Ra, 228Ra) and of the 228Th and 40K radionuclides in soil samples are determined...

  4. Oil and development: The case of agriculture in Nigeria and Algeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bachrach, E.R.

    1988-01-01

    This thesis explores the relationship between the oil-boom of the 1970s and development outcomes and the prospects in two African OPEC states. The theoretical framework is provided by the political-economy literatures, both domestic and international. The research is carried out as a limited comparative study with a loosely constructed (before-during-after) interrupted time-series design. Algeria's greater success in managing it soil economy suggests further evidence supporting the promise of a mixed political-economy state model. State and societal complexions are identified, with a primarily qualitative methodology, to explain Nigerian and Algerian development outcomes on the heels of the oil decade.

  5. Prevalence of respiratory symptoms and cases suspicious for tuberculosis among public health clinic patients in Afghanistan,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scharfstein, Daniel

    , and diagnostic test results were recorded. Correlates of TB-suggestive symptoms (defined as cough >2 weeks children (age 17 or under). The TB-suggestive symptoms of cough >2 weeks and / or haemoptysis were reported workers. keywords Afghanistan, tuberculosis, respiratory symptoms, cough, sputum smear accuracy

  6. Building a state or saving lives? : the processes, motives and politics behind the reconstruction of Afghanistan's health system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tulier, Melody Esther, 1980-

    2005-01-01

    Startlingly poor health statistics in Afghanistan clearly indicate that, in order to enhance the socio-economic status and overall stability of the state, a complete overhaul of its health care system is imperative. However, ...

  7. Mental Health Diagnoses and Utilization of VA Non-Mental Health Medical Services Among Returning Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Beth E.; Gima, Kris; Bertenthal, Daniel; Kim, Sue; Marmar, Charles R.; Seal, Karen H.

    2010-01-01

    Soldiers Returning From the Iraq War. Jama. 2007;298:2141–8.returning from deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan. JAMA.soldiers returning from the Iraq war. JAMA. 2007;298:2141–8.

  8. Effects of Parental Deployment on Children During Wartime: A comparison of World War Two and the Iraq/Afghanistan War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hess, Juliana

    2009-11-09

    An overview of the experiences of children and parents during deployment of a parent to military service in Iraq or Afghanistan. Based on a search of the literature and a small number of interviews with parents on the homefront....

  9. Effect of Weather on the Predicted PMN Landmine Chemical Signature for Kabul, Afghanistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WEBB, STEPHEN W.; PHELAN, JAMES M.

    2002-11-01

    Buried landmines are often detected through the chemical signature in the air above the soil surface by mine detection dogs. Environmental processes play a significant role in the chemical signature available for detection. Due to the shallow burial depth of landmines, the weather influences the release of chemicals from the landmine, transport through the soil to the surface, and degradation processes in the soil. The effect of weather on the landmine chemical signature from a PMN landmine was evaluated with the T2TNT code for Kabul, Afghanistan. Results for TNT and DNT gas-phase and soil solid-phase concentrations are presented as a function of time of the day and time of the year.

  10. Reservoir monitoring and characterization using satellite geodetic data: Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar observations from the Krechba field, Algeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vasco, D.W.; Ferretti, Alessandro; Novali, Fabrizio

    2008-05-01

    Deformation in the material overlying an active reservoir is used to monitor pressure change at depth. A sequence of pressure field estimates, eleven in all, allow us to construct a measure of diffusive travel time throughout the reservoir. The dense distribution of travel time values means that we can construct an exactly linear inverse problem for reservoir flow properties. Application to Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) data gathered over a CO{sub 2} injection in Algeria reveals pressure propagation along two northwest trending corridors. An inversion of the travel times indicates the existence of two northwest-trending high permeability zones. The high permeability features trend in the same direction as the regional fault and fracture zones. Model parameter resolution estimates indicate that the features are well resolved.

  11. Rana Novini ATOC 3500 Open-air pits are used to burn garbage and other wastes at bases in Iraq and Afghanistan that lack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    /aluminum cans Munitions and other unexploded ordnance Petroleum and lubricant products Plastics and styrofoam across the country have filed numerous lawsuits which have been consolidated in the United States, National Guard personnel, contract employees and others serving our country in Iraq and/or Afghanistan

  12. Fluid pressure arrival time tomography: Estimation and assessment in the presence of inequality constraints, with an application to a producing gas field at Krechba, Algeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rucci, A.; Vasco, D.W.; Novali, F.

    2010-04-01

    Deformation in the overburden proves useful in deducing spatial and temporal changes in the volume of a producing reservoir. Based upon these changes we estimate diffusive travel times associated with the transient flow due to production, and then, as the solution of a linear inverse problem, the effective permeability of the reservoir. An advantage an approach based upon travel times, as opposed to one based upon the amplitude of surface deformation, is that it is much less sensitive to the exact geomechanical properties of the reservoir and overburden. Inequalities constrain the inversion, under the assumption that the fluid production only results in pore volume decreases within the reservoir. We apply the formulation to satellite-based estimates of deformation in the material overlying a thin gas production zone at the Krechba field in Algeria. The peak displacement after three years of gas production is approximately 0.5 cm, overlying the eastern margin of the anticlinal structure defining the gas field. Using data from 15 irregularly-spaced images of range change, we calculate the diffusive travel times associated with the startup of a gas production well. The inequality constraints are incorporated into the estimates of model parameter resolution and covariance, improving the resolution by roughly 30 to 40%.

  13. Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Islamic Republic of Iran Ashtian Tablo N 30 Islamic Republic of Iran Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) Sazeman-e Energy Atomi B,C,M,N 2 / 29 #12; Country or Region Company or Organization Also Islamic Republic of Iran Behineh Trading Co. N 37 Islamic Republic of Iran Behnam Sahriyari Trading

  14. HIGH RISK COUNTRIES Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad China Columbia Comoros

  15. Country Location AFGHANISTAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /31 $124 BAHRAIN SOUTHWEST ASIA ADMIN SPT UNIT 01/01 12/31 $124 BANGLADESH CHITTAGONG 01/01 12/31 $71 BANGLADESH DHAKA 01/01 12/31 $90 BANGLADESH SYLHET 01/01 12/31 $69 BANGLADESH [OTHER] 01/01 12/31 $71

  16. Country Location AFGHANISTAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ASIA ADMIN SPT UNIT 01/01 12/31 $124 BANGLADESH CHITTAGONG 01/01 12/31 $71 BANGLADESH DHAKA 01/01 12/31 $90 BANGLADESH SYLHET 01/01 12/31 $69 BANGLADESH [OTHER] 01/01 12/31 $71 BARBADOS BARBADOS 04/16 12

  17. ICTP Public Information Office Page 1 31/03/15 Country Total visitors Female visitors Person-months*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -months* Albania 3 2 4.14 Algeria 50 19 50.37 Argentina 142 53 111.55 Armenia 94 42 39.58 Australia 18 5 5.37 Colombia 49 13 55.76 Costa Rica 44 5 33.80 Côte d'Ivoire 12 2 14.83 Croatia 29 11 10.95 STATISTICAL SUMMARY

  18. Albania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: Energy ResourcesAirAlamo Heights,GameAlatna,Texas:

  19. Algeria ",263,"-",263

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: AlternativeMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015" ,"Release7 Relative Standard Errors for5Year JanDecadeYearMarketed

  20. U.S. LNG Imports from Algeria

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: AlternativeMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015"Separation, Proved Reserves(Million Barrels) Reserves inBarrels,

  1. Algeria: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts:RenewableIncAlcornNREL Energy

  2. Alger, Algeria: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand DaltonSolarOpen5 -TelephoneInformation Alger County,

  3. U.S. LNG Imports from Algeria

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal,Demand Module of the NationalSales (Million Barrels)NewImputed Value of

  4. Afghanistan Pakistan High Resolution Wind Resource - Datasets...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pakistan High Resolution Wind Resource This shapefile containing 50 meter height data has been validated by NREL and wind energy meteorological consultants. However, the data is...

  5. Extreme VPP - Kandahar, Afghanistan | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    of VPP Work Everywhere-Even in a Combat Zone By David Baker When I heard about a new position in the Army Reserve called a "combat safety officer," I wondered who would...

  6. Afghanistan-NREL Mission | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewables

  7. Afghanistan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: Energy Resources JumpAdelan1986) |Water and Power LLC

  8. Albania-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts:RenewableInc Jump& EnergyAlaska

  9. Albania-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand DaltonSolarOpen5 -Telephone Co Jump to:Elec Coop, IncAlbabio SL

  10. Algeria-NREL Energy Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts:RenewableIncAlcornNREL Energy Activities

  11. Algeria-DLR Resource Assessments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand DaltonSolarOpen5 -TelephoneInformation Alger

  12. Algeria-IAEA Energy Planning | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: Energy ResourcesAirAlamoCalifornia:Wave Basin

  13. Algeria Ministry of Energy and Mining | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'S FUTURE.EnergyWoodenDateSA Jump to:AdaniandAirtricitySJVNLAlgeria

  14. Planning Kabul: The politics of urbanization in Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calogero, Pietro Anders

    2011-01-01

    was just before Dubai became world-famous for its opulence;part of the magical world of Dubai that did get built. I wasWorld Theme Park, to be built in the desert adjacent to the Dubai

  15. HIGH-RESOLUTION SOIL MOISTURE MAPPING IN AFGHANISTAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borchers, Brian

    and Brian Borchers New Mexico Tech, Socorro, NM 87801 Julie R. Kelley, Stacy Howington and Jerry Ballard and the partition of incoming solar and long-wave radiation between sensible and latent heat fluxes[18, 19

  16. Planning Kabul: The politics of urbanization in Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calogero, Pietro Anders

    2011-01-01

    of urban apartheid? ” Planning theory 8:88-100. Yiftachel,of the colonized. ” City Planning Kabul: BibliographyCalif. : Sage Publications. Planning Kabul: Planning as

  17. Planning Kabul: The politics of urbanization in Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calogero, Pietro Anders

    2011-01-01

    Council (ICC), Building Officials and Code AdministratorsCouncil (ICC), Building Officials and Code Administratorsof Building Officials, and Southern Building Code Congress

  18. Planning Kabul: The politics of urbanization in Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calogero, Pietro Anders

    2011-01-01

    as PM 1933-1946 for Germany, Turkey. Modernization of urbansouth: Britain, Germany, Iran, and Turkey among them. The

  19. Disconnected from Discourse: Women's Radio Listening in Rural Samangan, Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamal, Sarah

    2004-02-15

    Finding and maintaining good access to information is one of the most important coping skills for many Afghans in insecure and rapidly shifting situations. Returning refugee populations face deeply rooted structural problems ...

  20. Afghanistan-NREL Resource Maps and Toolkits | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: Energy Resources JumpAdelan1986) |Water and Power LLC Jump

  1. A preliminary study of gross alpha/beta activity concentrations in drinking waters from Albania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roma "La Sapienza", Università di

    Drinking water Á ``fracking'' waste water Introduction Rocks and soils are the primary sources. As the world's demand for energy increases markedly and exploration for and production of new sources become increasingly important, the ways in which these activities impact the environment, health, and quality of life

  2. Causality between financial development and economic growth: a case study on selected middle eastern countries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alrayes, Massa Waddah

    2005-08-29

    ............................................................................................................................27 Algeria..........................................................................................................................32 Jordan............................................................................30 5. A. Summary Statistics - Algeria.....................................................................33 5. B. Unit Root Tests - Algeria ..........................................................................33 5. C. Granger Causality...

  3. Fish Bulletin No. 36. A Bibliography of the Sardines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wheeler, Genevieve Corwin

    1931-01-01

    629. Sardine statistics of Algeria. 1930.1. La congélationof Tunis and of Algeria; statistics of Algerian fishery.studies. STATISTICS Africa Pêch. Marit. , 1924.2. Algeria

  4. An alternative approach for low income housing in Algeria : housing cooperative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khellaf, Assia

    1983-01-01

    The population which suffers most directly from deficit in housing, in developing countries are the low income populations. Why has the problem been allowed to develop, and why have solutions been not forthcoming? There ...

  5. Coupled reservoir-geomechanical analysis of CO2 injection and ground deformations at In Salah, Algeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutqvist, J.

    2010-01-01

    CO 2 sequestration; In Salah; geomechanics; ground surfaceCO 2 injection, geomechanics, and ground surface

  6. Estimated use of explosives in the mining industries of Algeria, Iran, Iraq, and Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilburn, D.R.; Russell, J.A.; Bleiwas, D.I.

    1995-09-01

    This work was performed under Memorandum of Agreement B291534 Between the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and the United States Bureau of Mines. The Bureau of Mines authors are members of the Minerals Availability Field Office (MAFO) in Denver, CO, which uses an extensive network of information sources to develop and maintain the Minerals Availability database concerning mining and minerals properties worldwide. This study was initiated and directed by F. Heuze at LLNL. A previous study on the same subject had been commissioned by LLNL from the Mining Journal Research Services (MJRS) in London ,UK. Its results were integrated into this report. MJRS is shown as one of the numerous sources which were used for this work. All sources are listed in the report. This document is arranged in four sections, one for each country, in alphabetical order. Thie outline is the same for each country.

  7. Africa n visitatori Asia n visitatori America Latina n visitatori Algeria 109 India 348 Brasile 131

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brasile 131 Nigeria 86 Iran 150 Argentina 78 Egitto 66 Cina 137 Colombia 71 Sud Africa 63 Pakistan 85

  8. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Algeria (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative FuelsMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015"Imports" ,"Click worksheet name or tab

  9. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Algeria (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames City of",6,1,"Omaha Public PowerOECD/IEA - 2008Wellhead PriceConsumption by9"CoalbedGas,+ LeaseIntrastate Natural

  10. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Algeria (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: AlternativeMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015"Separation, Proved Reserves(Million Barrels)1973-2015 Liquefied

  11. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Algeria (Dollars per

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan FebCubicFracking,Michigan NaturalThousand CubicCubic

  12. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Algeria (Dollars per

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram GuidelinesThousand Cubic Feet) toThousandThousandThousand Cubic

  13. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Algeria (Million Cubic Feet)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPP UPDATE: April 15,Gas9,7 Glossary G L O S

  14. Price of Cove Point, MD Natural Gas LNG Imports from Algeria (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the PriceAlaska Natural GasFeet) Year

  15. Price of Everett, MA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Algeria (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the PriceAlaska NaturalCubic(Dollars

  16. Price of Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Algeria (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the PriceAlaskaFeet)Thousand Cubic

  17. War, Trauma, and Technologies of the Self : : The Making of Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brandt, Marisa Renee

    R. L. (2004). Combat Duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, Mentalservice members who served in Iraq and Afghanistan. Militaryevaluation of the Virtual Iraq/Afghanistan exposure therapy

  18. Countries with "low incidence" of tuberculosis. Students who have resided in any country other than those listed below in the past 5 years must check yes in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantlon, Jessica F.

    to have a tuberculin skin test. Albania Andorra Antigua and Barbuda Australia Austria Bahamas Barbados

  19. Can You Spend Your Way to Victory? The Case of Statebuilding in Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Querze, Alana Renee

    2011-08-31

    . Specifically, the dataset includes information on poppy cultivation, access to electricity, population, population density, election results, and voter turnout. As well, this dataset uses two sources of data which have yet to be exploited in an academic... on their own political understandings and commitments and their belief in the power of institutions to shape political behavior, rather than vice versa” (Wesley, 2008, p.380). For this reason, Wesley argues that, “to be sustainable, agreement on the nature...

  20. Parallels with the Past How the Soviets Lost in Afghanistan, How the Americans are Losing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to Pakistan or Iran. Pakistan also became the base for most of the fledgling mujahideen, Muslim guerrilla

  1. Taxonomic study on Capparidaceae and Cruciferae of W. Pakistan, Afghanistan, and N.W. Himalaya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jafri, S. M. H.

    1954-01-01

    The present work was taken up by me at the suggestion of Professor Sir William Wright Smith and has been done under the guidance and supervision of himself and Dr. P.H.Davis. Taxonomic studies have undergone considerable ...

  2. Remote Sensing Assessment Of Karez Irrigation Systems And Archaeological Resources In Maywand District, Kandahar Province, Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egitto, Antoinette

    2013-12-31

    of appropriate technology that provides renewable and sustainable sources of water. Karezes promote community cohesion over time by promoting and perpetuating indigenous knowledge based on long-term experience. They provide local stakeholders with the tools...

  3. The Coils of the Anaconda: America's First Conventional Battle in Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grau, Les

    2009-05-04

    --a prepared conventional mountain defense designed by a professional military commander. The enemy dug in to have it out on favorable ground. They believed that if they could only kill enough Americans, the US would turn tail and withdraw, as America had...-packed with soldiers who jostled each other while trying to fit themselves, their rucksacks, weapons, radios, and other combat gear into the cramped confines. Most of the soldiers were nervous yet eager. Some were already regretting not making a last...

  4. Afghanistan Wind Power Density at 50-m Above Ground Level GIS...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wind Power Density at 50-m Above Ground Level GIS Data This dataset was developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for the U.S. Agency for International...

  5. Predicting Risk for Incidences of Homelessness Among Veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motupalli, Venkat

    2015-12-18

    screener, with no added time or data collection burden. Further, a freeware script, compatible with all common data collection and storage systems, was developed to provide a baseline for further digital management efforts....

  6. Nation 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Afghanistan 2 1 1 2 1 0 -100%

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    % Bangladesh 24 27 26 26 30 33 38% Barbados 7 7 4 8 9 10 43% Bassas da India 0 1 1 0 0 0 0% Belarus 3 9 13 10

  7. REQUIRED BACHELOR DEGREE EQUIVALENTS Afghanistan Bachelor of Arts/Bachelor of Science (Licence/Leicanc) 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    , Education, or Pharmacy Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery ­ 6 years Barbados Bachelor of Fine Arts/Bachelor of Education from Barbados Community College ­ 4 years Bachelor's degree from the University of the West Indies

  8. Dead Babies, Bowel Disturbances, and Other Combat Humor in Afghanistan and Iraq 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madsen, Marissa Torian

    2013-02-18

    are returning with more psychological burdens. Various attempts have been made to decrease the psychological burdens on these American soldiers. However, I believe a missing component of these attempts is a thorough understanding of the military as its own...

  9. Reservoir monitoring and characterization using satellite geodetic data: Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar observations from the Krechba field, Algeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasco, D.W.

    2008-01-01

    Thermal Op- erations and Heavy Oil Symposium, CHOA 97848,activity at the Cold Lake heavy oil ?eld, Alberta, Canada:

  10. Reservoir monitoring and characterization using satellite geodetic data: Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar observations from the Krechba field, Algeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasco, D.W.

    2008-01-01

    uid saturation prediction in a multicomponent reservoir,Reservoir monitoring and characterization using geodetic data Landro, M. , 2001, Discrimination between pressure and ?uid saturation

  11. Reservoir monitoring and characterization using satellite geodetic data: Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar observations from the Krechba field, Algeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasco, D.W.

    2008-01-01

    activity at the Cold Lake heavy oil ?eld, Alberta, Canada:Thermal Op- erations and Heavy Oil Symposium, CHOA 97848,

  12. Africa N. of visitors Asia N. of visitors Latin America N. of visitors Algeria 109 India 348 Brazil 131

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    India 348 Brazil 131 Nigeria 86 Iran 150 Argentina 78 Egypt 66 China 137 Colombia 71 South Africa 63 - CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS (CMSP) ! 2 - MATHEMATICS (Math)! 1 - High Energy Physics (HECAP) ! 1 - Physics

  13. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Algeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative FuelsMonthly","10/2015" ,"ReleaseVolume (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data"

  14. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Algeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames City of",6,1,"Omaha Public PowerOECD/IEA - 2008Wellhead Price (Dollars perSummary" ,"Click worksheet name

  15. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01

    regressions on family ties Croatia Algeria Finland SwedenCzech Republic Bulgaria Croatia Algeria Saudi Arabia CzechSweden Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Germany Netherlands Denmark

  16. Problems with Anger and Violence Among United States Military Service Members

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worthen, Miranda E.

    2012-01-01

    U.S. veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. Mil Medin support of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Am J PublicPatients Returning From Iraq and Afghanistan. American

  17. Faculty of Health Sciences MPH Program Policies and Procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihadeh, Alan

    region (Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya Arab Jamahiriya

  18. A Novel Comprehensive Database for Arabic Off-Line Handwriting Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suen, Ching Y.

    such as Algeria, Bahrain, The Comoros, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco

  19. 2008 Solar Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, S.

    2010-01-01

    gas plant (Global Environment Facility 2009), and similar planning is under way in Algeria and Egypt.

  20. Are Levels of Democracy Influenced by Mass Attitudes? Testing a Central Premise of the Political Culture Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzel, Christian

    2006-01-01

    Poland Chile Bulgaria Croatia Albania S. Africa Switzld. S.Bulgaria, Chile, China, Croatia, Czech Rep. , Estonia,

  1. Snowpack and runoff generation using AMSR-E passive microwave observations in the Upper Helmand Watershed, Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for flood forecasting. Published by Elsevier Inc. 1. Introduction Snowmelt is a primary source of water distributed snow information if the questions of accuracy in these regions can be addressed. The primary snow, but is extremely important for water resources management. Without information about the snowpack, these regions

  2. Bâzgasht-i Adabî (Literary Return) and Persianate Literary Culture in Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Iran, India, and Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Kevin

    2014-01-01

    Bunyâd-i Farhang-i Iran, 1348/1970. Habîb, Asadullah. “shi‘r-i Farsî dar Hind. ” Îrân Namah 8.2 (Spring 1369/1990):Farhangistân-i Hunar-i Jumhûrî-i Irân, 1387/2008-9. Qavîm, ‘

  3. >> Business, E1 >> Classifieds, F1 >> Lotteries, A2 >> Movies, D5 >> Obituaries, B4 >> Opinion, B8 >> Outdoors, C14 >> TV, D4 $2 ($2.50 in some areas) SUNDAY, MARCH 15, 2015 I RAIN LIKELY L 54 M 42 I WWW.SPOKESMAN.COM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Baldor Associated Press See AFGHANISTAN, A11 JERUSALEM ­ Deep- ly divided and foul of mood, Israelis

  4. J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., vol 58, 2008, p. 45-54 On-board emission measurement of high loaded light duty vehicles in Algeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ; Nejjari et al., 2003, Atek et al., 2004). As a result, many stations of air pollution measurement and Boukadoum, 2005). Vehicle pollutant emissions constitute not only a problem of air quality in big citiesJ. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., vol 58, 2008, p. 45-54 On-board emission measurement of high loaded

  5. Fluid pressure arrival time tomography: Estimation and assessment in the presence of inequality constraints, with an application to a producing gas field at Krechba, Algeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rucci, A.

    2010-01-01

    T h e I n S a l a h gas storage project at K r e c h b av | 2 d The In Salah Gas storage project represents one of2 injection of the In Salah Gas storage project. However, it

  6. Microsoft PowerPoint - 3_Gary and Brian_Wednesday 5-22 Transit...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Germany Japan Mexico Sweden 7 Enriched Uranium Exports Algeria Argentina Austria Brazil Chile Taiwan Canada France Germany ...

  7. Does land abandonment decrease species richness and abundance of plants and animals in Mediterranean pastures, arable lands and permanent croplands?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plieninger, Tobias; Gaertner, Mirijam; Hui, Cang; Huntsinger, Lynn

    2013-01-01

    statistics indicate that most of the abandoned Mediterranean farmland is in the European Union member countries, Israel, Turkey and Algeria [

  8. Strengthening the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority: A Policy Analysis of the Nigerian Excess Crude Account and the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority Act

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ugwuibe, Cynthia

    2012-01-01

    Reserve Fund) Oil & Gas Russia National Welfare Pension FundLibya Russia UAE – Abu Dhabi Algeria Kazakhstan Oil & Gas

  9. The Military Balance in the Middle East: An Executive Summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordesman, Anthony H.

    1999-01-01

    Energy Organization of Iran, the Laser Research Center andAlgeria. Iran began to show a renewed interest in laser

  10. Failure to catalyze : why IMF- supported programs fail to promote investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Racenberg, Molly Bauer

    2011-01-01

    Canada, Germany) (Russia, Iran, Turkey) (Canada, Mexico, UK)Belgium Spain Germany Italy Russia Algeria Iran Turkey Saudi

  11. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 1033110351, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/10331/2012/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    ± 9 (-6 ± 5) W m-2 for sector A (northern Morocco; northwestern Algeria), sector B (western Sahara, northwestern Mauritania and southwest- ern Algeria), and sector C (eastern Algeria, Tunisia), respec- tively. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov statistical test revealed that daily ARF values at TOA for sector A were significantly dif

  12. Smyrna's Ashes: Humanitarianism, Genocide, and the Birth of the Middle East

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tusan, Michelle

    2012-01-01

    taking journey to buy raw materials from Albania and partsBurges did what she could. “Raw materials are so scarce and

  13. Jamaica-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  14. Georgia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  15. South Africa-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  16. Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  17. Malawi-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  18. Guatemala-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  19. Costa Rica-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  20. Indonesia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  1. Thailand-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  2. Vietnam-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  3. Zambia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  4. Colombia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  5. Malaysia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  6. Moldova-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  7. Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  8. Philippines-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  9. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01

    Albania, Australia, Barbados*, Bhutan, Burkina Faso*,countries (Bahamas, Barbados, Iran, Panama, and Trinidad andArgentina Bahamas Barbados Belize Bolivia (Plurinational

  10. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium BelizeRep. Albania Georgia Belgium Barbados Serbia and MontenegroIsrael Belgium Denmark Barbados Bulgaria France Hungary

  11. Explaining ratification of human rights treaties : signaling for aid during regional crises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Heather Michelle

    2007-01-01

    Europe, Croatia, Bosnia, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro,Romania, Croatia, Bosnia, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegroborders, Albania and Macedonia, both bordering the conflict

  12. How do you convince children that the "army', "terrorists" and the "police" can live together peacefully? : a peace communication assessment model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warshel, Yael

    2009-01-01

    interethnic understanding in Macedonia. Conflict Resolutionand Kosovo), Montenegro. Macedonia, Croatia and Albania toacross these barriers in Macedonia” (Shochat, 2003, p. 81).

  13. Il pensiero meridiano oggi: Intervista e dialoghi con Franco Cassano

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cassano, Francesco; Fogu, Claudio

    2010-01-01

    e Brindisi) con Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria. 7 Negli annirecentemente a Skopje, in Macedonia. Sono partito la mattinagiornata per arrivare in Macedonia. Se ci fosse un volo

  14. Essays on the politics of regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weymouth, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    Libya Lithuania Macau Macedonia Madagascar Malawi MalaysiaZambia Albania Slovenia Macedonia Croatia Kyrgyz RepublicCroatia Russia Slovenia Macedonia Yugoslavia Bulgaria

  15. Manni Riccardo Department of Earth Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in several European countries (Albania, France, Germany and Hungary) and Asia Minor (Turkey). He established sequence of Gammarocrinites bakonicus Manni, Nicosia & Szabò 1992. In: Echinoderms. Munich, Germany

  16. Legal and Economic Factors Determining Success and Failure in the Fight against Organized Crime: An Empirical Assessment of the Palermo Convention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buscaglia, Edgardo

    2008-01-01

    Venezuela, R Romania Croatia Brazil Philippines MoldovaHonduras El Salvador Croatia Brazil Philippines MozambiqueTimor Argentina Albania Croatia Brazil Philippines Yemen,

  17. Professional Travel in Pakistan Pakistan is located in the South Asia and is bordered by China to the north, Afghanistan and Iran on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Deming

    1 Professional Travel in Pakistan Pakistan is located in the South Asia and is bordered by China important aspect of life in Pakistan and about 97% of Pakistanis are Muslim. The people of Pakistan shake hands with other females right away. Pakistani women may not interact with strangers. · Pakistan

  18. Accountable to beneficiaries? : the modern development enterprise & its contractors at war : lessons on accountability from Afghanistan to inform the contracting reform agenda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Huma

    2011-01-01

    This thesis will review the most relevant existing and proposed accountability mechanisms for private development and security contractors coming out of the human rights, public administration and anti-corruption fields. ...

  19. Fixing Failed States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, John

    2010-01-01

    Republic of the Congo 6. Iraq 7. Afghanistan 8. Centralwars in Afghanistan and Iraq has spent up to $500 billion aMilitary Adventure in Iraq 97 (2006). An army briefing noted

  20. Essays on Impact Evaluation in Labor and Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christensen, Garret Smyth

    2011-01-01

    Recruits and Monthly Iraq/Afghanistan Combat Deaths . Statein afghanistan and iraq. NBER Working Paper 16152, JulyThe electoral cost of war: Iraq casualties and the 2004 u.s.

  1. Traumatic Brain Injury and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in OEF/OIF Veterans : : A Combined Diffusion Tensor Imaging and Cortical Thickness Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorg, Scott Francis

    2013-01-01

    R. L. (2004). Combat duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, mentalU.S. soldiers returning from iraq. N.Engl.J.Med. , 358, 453-white matter integrity in Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans.

  2. Optimal tasking of mobile autonomous sensing assets in uncertain adversarial settings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oran, Ali

    2010-01-01

    Iraq and Afghanistan using spy drones. The trouble is, thereyear, a single new Reaper drone will record 10 video feeds

  3. Compiled by James A. Zeidler, Ph.D.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Posters: Iraq/Afghanistan (2007)...............................8-11 Egypt--Operation Bright Star (2009........................21 Country-Specific Web Sites for Iraq, Afghanistan, and Egypt (Revised 2010 among U.S. military personnel and DoD contractors in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Egypt of the importance

  4. The metrics and correlates of physician migration from Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arah, OA

    2007-01-01

    South Africa Kenya Ghana Liberia Gambia Ghana EthiopiaEgypt South Africa Ghana Liberia Cape Verde Algeria MoroccoGuinea-Bissau Angola Liberia Equatorial Guinea Mauritius São

  5. Laboratoire Evolution et Diversite Biologique, Universite Paul Sabatier, Toulouse cedex 4, France; 2 Unite de Recherche, Biologie,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lek, Sovan

    to five broad geographical regions (Europe, China, Canada, Australia and Algeria). Nevertheless and factorial correspondence analysis were compared with an advanced statistical method: the self-organizing map

  6. Laboratoire d'InfoRmatique en Image et Systmes d'information LIRIS UMR 5205 CNRS / INSA de Lyon / Universit Claude Bernard Lyon 1 / Universit Lumire Lyon 2 / Ecole Centrale de Lyon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Christian

    of Information Sciences and Technology (IST), Statistical Analy- sis and Data Mining National context ·ANR), University of Anna- ba (Algeria), Galatasar

  7. Deaf people, modernity, and a contentious effort to unify Arab sign languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Fityani, Kinda

    2010-01-01

    countries: Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq,at this workshop are Comoros, Mauritania, Morocco, andeconomically impoverished Comoros, Mauritania, and Somalia.

  8. Women's Autonomy and Fertility: A Comparison of Sociocultural Indicators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Rebecca

    2011-01-01

    Botswana Cameroon Cape Verde Comoros Cote d'Ivoire AlgeriaChad Niger Nigeria Oman Comoros Cote d'Ivoire Djibouti Egypt

  9. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01

    Denmark, Estonia, Spain, Finland, France, Great Britain,ties Croatia Algeria Finland Sweden Latvia Czech RepublicRep. South Africa (Union of) Finland Korea Mexico Bangladesh

  10. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  11. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  12. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. 2 Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  13. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates...

  14. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates...

  15. Geologic Carbon Dioxide Storage Field Projects Supported by DOE...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    CO2 injection in the United States and other countries including, Canada, Algeria, Norway, Australia, and Germany. The program has also been supporting a number of...

  16. Fact #887: August 24, 2015 The United States Supplies 15% of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Countries. The OPEC countries are Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela. Fact 887 Dataset...

  17. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Venezuela. In addition, it included...

  18. Fact #578: July 6, 2009 World Oil Reserves, Production, and Consumptio...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    include Venezuela, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Libya, Nigeria, Indonesia, Gabon, and Ecuador. OPEC consumption data are for 2005....

  19. THE EUROPEAN NEIGHBOURHOOD POLICY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasýrcý, Vasýf

    Ahmed Farouk Ghoneim Energy supplier or political partner? Algeria's marginalization and opportunites's Southern dimension by Turkey's tortuous path to Europe on the ENP's Southern dimension. Michele Comelli, Ph

  20. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Venezuela. In addition, it included...

  1. Dall' Italian Manner alla modernità liquida. Relazioni artistiche fra alcuni paesi arabo-mediterranei e l'Italia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corgnati, Martina

    2010-01-01

    analoghi anche per Siria, Iraq, Giordania, Egitto e altriarabo, dall’Algeria all’Iraq, residenti in larga maggioranzaSiria), Ali Al Jabiri (Iraq), Hassan Badawi (Libano),

  2. Amelia Rosselli: poesia e guerra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Re, Lucia

    2007-01-01

    esplodere la la sua prima bomba atomica. L'Algeria iniziòatomica ed annunciò ulteriori esperimenti atomici dei sovietici, che culminarono nell'esplosione di una bomba

  3. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    prices, and future concession rights. Current members are Algeria, Gabon, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and...

  4. A Trap At The Escape From The Trap? Demographic-Structural Factors of Political Instability in Modern Africa and West Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    Williams G. I. H. 2006. Liberia: The Heart of Darkness.In Albania, Egypt, Liberia, South Korea, and Syria,the year of civil war start Liberia occupied the first place

  5. --No Title--

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    |26.|Ukraine|134|0%| |27.|Indonesia|127|0%| |28.|Dominican Republic|126|0%| |29.|Egypt|124|0%| |30.|Morocco|115|0%| |31.|Argentina|114|0%| |32.|Albania|108|0%|...

  6. ACADEMIC DELEGATION VISITS 2008 -2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    Total Visits: 38 Europe: Kosovo, Germany, Estonia, Romania, Turkey, Belarus Asia: Kazakhstan, Russia: Austria, Germany, Slovenia, Turkey, United Kingdom, Sweden, Hungary, France, Albania Asia: Kazakhstan: 54 Europe: Turkey, Czech Republic, Germany, Kosovo, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Netherlands, Croatia

  7. Square lattice Ising model ODE in exact arithmetic This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guttman, Tony

    and Statistics of Complex Systems, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia 3 LPTHIRM and D´epartement d'A´eronautique, Universit´e de Blida, Blida, Algeria 4 Centre de Recherche Nucl´eaire d'Alger, 2 Bd. Frantz Fanon, BP 399, 16000 Alger, Algeria 5 LPTMC, UMR

  8. LAST NAME: MESBAH FIRST NAME: Mounir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mesbah, Mounir

    , University of Algiers, Algeria. September 1988- September 1992: Lecturer at the Department of Statistics of Statistics, Université of Constantine, Constantine, Algeria. CURRENT ACTIVITIES: Administrative activities.mesbah@upmc.fr Homepage: http//www.lsta.upmc.fr/mesbah/ UNIVERSITY QUALIFICATIONS: - Ph.D. in Statistics, University

  9. High order Fuchsian equations for the square lattice Ising model: This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guttman, Tony

    , France 2 LPTHIRM and D´epartement d'A´eronautique, Universit´e de Blida, Algeria 3 ARC Centre of Excellence for Mathematics and Statistics of Complex Systems, Department of Mathematics and Statistics Fanon, BP 399, 16000 Alger, Algeria 5 LPTMC, UMR 7600 CNRS, Universit´e de Paris, Tour 24, 4`eme ´etage

  10. Experimental mathematics on the magnetic susceptibility of the square lattice Ising model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guttman, Tony

    and D´epartement d'A´eronautique, Universit´e de Blida, Algeria ARC Centre of Excellence for Mathematics and Statistics of Complex Systems Department of Mathematics and Statistics, The University, 16000 Alger, Algeria || LPTMC, Universit´e de Paris, Tour 24, 4`eme ´etage, case 121, 4 Place Jussieu

  11. Economics Understanding of Albanian High School Students: Factors Related to Achievement as Measured by Test Scores on the Test of Economic Literacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bushati, Dolore

    2010-04-19

    to slow sharply, 2008, para.1). Energy power problems in Albania have continued for a long period of time. Depending mainly on hydro power and using energy from power plants built during the communist era, Albania has suffered from blackouts due... plants along various rivers of the country during 2005-2009. The future will be even better based on the new strategic plan that the government will build more hydro power plants throughout the country and possibly a nuclear power plant (Summary...

  12. Country Zone 0.5 Kg 1 Kg Country Zone 0.5 Kg 1 Kg AFGHANISTAN 7 21.72 26.78 NEW WORK 9 7.20 11.70

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihadeh, Alan

    .72 26.78 COMOROS 7 21.72 26.78 FIJI 6 21.72 26.78 CONGO 7 21.72 26.78 FINLAND 5 9.59 14.65 COOK IS 6

  13. Prevalence and correlates of HIV, syphilis, and hepatitis B and C infection and harm reduction program use among male injecting drug users in Kabul, Afghanistan: A cross-sectional assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    Botros BA, Safi N, Earhart KC: Prevalence of HIV, hepatitisC, hepatitis B, and associated risk behaviors amongPJ, Ochoa K, Moss AR: Hepatitis C virus infection and needle

  14. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Congo, Dem. Rep. Congo,Bissau Chad Sierra Leone Comoros Vanuatu Afghanistan NigerBissau Freq. Swaziland Comoros Papua New Guinea Yemen, Rep.

  15. Sandia National Laboratories: News: Publications: Lab News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of scholars of the Pat Tillman Foundation, named after the ASU graduate, National Football League player, and soldier who was killed by friendly fire in Afghanistan. "Pat lived...

  16. NREL's Newest PE-Licensed Engineers Commit to Sustainability...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the world, from Alaska to Afghanistan, helping soldiers, airmen, and indigenous peoples save energy while saving taxpayer dollars. Nationwide, about 20% of engineers earn their...

  17. 2012 DOE Sustainability Awards | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    needs in Iraq and Afghanistan, commercial vendors, and the DOE International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor for a planned research project. Total return on investment...

  18. SFS Exhibit A General Conditions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Oman, Peru, or Singapore); or (3) A least developed country (Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Republic, Chad,...

  19. Microsoft Word - TOC Section I Conformed thru Mod 274.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nicaragua, or Singapore); (3) A least developed country (Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Central African...

  20. CPFFS Exhibit A General Conditions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    General Conditions Page 29 of 33 (3) A least developed country (Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Republic, Chad,...

  1. AES Exhibit A General Conditions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Oman, Peru, or Singapore); or (3) A least developed country (Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Republic, Chad,...

  2. CI-OFF Ex A (Rev. 0.2, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Oman, Peru, or Singapore); or (3) A least developed country (Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Republic, Chad,...

  3. South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.usaid.govourwork Country Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Maldives Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia,...

  4. Beat and Spoken Word Movements: Beating the American Bandwagon Mentality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, C.J.

    2011-01-01

    Beat and Spoken Word Movements: Beating the Americanmodern times, spoken word poets use the Iraq-Afghanistan Warhow the Beat and spoken word poets comment on American

  5. A SHARED STATE: IRAQI REFUGEES AND AMERICAN VETERANS IN THE AFTERMATH OF WAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolins, Maia

    2013-01-01

    Afghanistan, Palestine, and Iraq. Malden, MA: BlackwellCharles. A History of Iraq. New York: Cambridge UniversityWeb. Also, Glantz, Aaron and Iraq Veterans Against the War.

  6. Rallying around the Flag: Nationalist Emotions in American Mass Politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feinstein, Yuval

    2012-01-01

    Opinion from World War II to Iraq. Chicago ; London: Thesensitivity and the War in Iraq." International Security 30:interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq." Presidential Studies

  7. Exit Wound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holcombe, Hunter

    2012-01-01

    under age 35 killed in Iraq or Afghanistan, three die fromthe eye while serving in Iraq. After being told he is no

  8. Joint Statement by President Barack Obama of the United States...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    on a number of shared foreign policy priorities, including Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran, Middle East Peace, and the Americas. In particular, they reiterated their shared...

  9. 2013 NASFAA 1 Military and Veterans Tips Tip Sheet for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and will be starting college soon. My dad, an Army officer, died in Iraq in 2007. I just filed a FAFSA on the Web programs for students like me? Yes. You may be eligible to receive an Iraq and Afghanistan Service Grant your parent or guardian died as a result of military service in Iraq or Afghanistan after 9/11/01 while

  10. Invasion of Iraq & Looting of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Invasion of Iraq & Looting of the National Museum Army Reserve Major Corine Wegener is mobilized for Everyone (SAFE) develops the DoD Iraq & Afghanistan Heritage Reference Websites. DoD hosts a symposium Iraq/Afghanistan Playing Cards sent to US military locations and in-theatre. CENTCOM Historical

  11. Aquatic Invasions (2007) Volume 2, Issue 2: 121-131 DOI 10.3391/ai.2007.2.2.7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    five different statistical techniques, we estimated that the biofouling community of this ship passage from Algiers, Algeria in August and coastal passage from Saint Vincente, Chile in October. From

  12. Sujet de thse Approche discrte pour la constitution d'un atlas statistique de formes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Christian

    'analyse de dos scoliotiques. [1] Two dimensional discrete statistical shape models construction. B Boukhriss morphing: Application to medical atlas construction. B Boukhriss, S Miguet, L Tougne. JETIM, Algeria 2006

  13. Giant aeolian dune size determined by the average depth of the atmospheric boundary layer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tlemcen, Algeria. 3 Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences, Center for Nonlinear be related to statistically averaged quantities. The detailed modelling of the atmospheric processes is very

  14. Hindawi Publishing Corporation Comparative and Functional Genomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikoglu, Berrin

    , Turkey, Algeria, and Morocco. Olive is the most extensively cultivated fruit crop with its orchards cover about 9.8 mil. ha. in the world. According to the statistics published by FAO, Turkey is the fourth

  15. FOREIGN SHRIMP FISHERIES Other Than Central

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibbon and Mrs. Evelyn Kramer prepared and checked the statistical data. The project was financed with funds made Italy 33 North Africa and the Near East: jh Egypt 35 Morocco 36 Tunisia 36 Algeria 37 Turkey 38 Israel

  16. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 64836498, 2008 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/8/6483/2008/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    covering the area bordered by Ice- land, Algeria, Turkey and Russia for the period 1950 to 2005. We and rever- sal periods. 17 of the 24 investigated regions including the pan-European mean show a statistical

  17. The `Out-of-Africa' hypothesis Peter McCullagh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCullagh, Peter

    The `Out-of-Africa' hypothesis Peter McCullagh Department of Statistics University of Chicago South DJIBOUTI KENYA COMOROS SEYCHELLES MOZA M B IQUE MADAGASC A R ANGOLA ALGERIA SENEGAL GUINEA-BISSAU GUINEA

  18. Mathematical Aspects of Quantum Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Algeria Revised version: January 1, 2015 (This text is for personal use only) 1 #12;Acknowledgements Statistical Mechanics 3.1. The classical case 3.2. The quantum case 3.3. A second axiom system for quantum

  19. A SEMI-QUANTITATIVE, REGIONAL PRECIPITATION DATA SET FOR STUDYING AFRICAN CLIMATES OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Sharon E.

    of records for 60 stations in Algeria, 87 stations in South Africa and 304 stations scattered over the rest to statistical analysis, in order to investigate nineteenth century climate over Africa. Spatial detail is added

  20. March 12, 2015 Parametric estimation in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Girolami, Cristina

    Tahar Department of Mathematics University of Abou Bekr Belkaid Tlemcen, Algeria #12;Consider Estimator of is known We observe a trajectory (Xt, t [0, T]) of (1) Consider the statistic : for t > 0

  1. On the robustness of chaos in dynamical systems:Theories and applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    . Sprott2 1 Department of Mathematics, University of Tébéssa, (12000), Algeria. E-mail: zeraoulia. The first is given in [41], which suggests a new approach (with experiments, statistical analysis, and key

  2. Hindawi Publishing Corporation Advances in Difference Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohner, Martin

    of Mathematics and Statistics, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409-0020, USA 2 D´epartment de Math´ematiques, ´Ecole Normale Sup´erieure, P.O. Box 92, 16050 Kouba, Algiers, Algeria

  3. Intrinsic Plagiarism Detection in Arabic Text: Preliminary Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    Rosso2 , Salim Chikhi1 1 MISC Lab., Mentouri University, Constantine, Algeria bens sizes and topics. Some statistics about this corpus are provided in Table 1. Table 1. Corpus statistics

  4. gr-qc/yymmnnn SU{GP{2002/12{1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorkin, Rafael Dolnick

    Science and Technology, University Center of Eloued, Eloued, Algeria internet email address: djsdou for an entropy associated with the horizon of a black hole, a full understanding of its statistical origin

  5. BLIND SEPARATION OF SECOND-ORDER NONSTATIONARY AND TEMPORALLY COLORED SOURCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cichocki, Andrzej

    , Algeria belouchrani@hotmail.com ABSTRACT This paper presents a method of blind source separation´Øµ is the additive noise vector that is statistically indepen- dent of ״ص. A variety of methods/algorithms for BSS

  6. 408 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 62, NO. 1, JANUARY 2013 V. CONCLUSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng

    and the two institutions CDTA in Algeria and FQRNT in Canada for their funding. REFERENCES [1] P. S. Hall, and C. C. Constantinou, "Statistical analysis and performance evaluation for on-body radio propagation

  7. J. Fluid Mech. (2014), vol. 745, pp. 592620. c Cambridge University Press 2014 doi:10.1017/jfm.2014.76

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huppert, Herbert

    2014-01-01

    , University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1UH, UK 3School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of New South in Algeria, CO2 is injected roughly 2 km into a porous sandstone layer containing ambient salt water, forming

  8. A Sctence Service Feature-Released u9on reqcript

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    such questions found i n reference Sooks 81'8 COIL- . tiims. Most statistical records of meather are a ilroduct fiecennia the Ifworlf! record;! f o r high teqeratwre has been successively 127 (at VarglQ, Algeria), 134

  9. Front. Phys. China, 2008, 3(2): 195204 DOI 10.1007/s11467-008-0017-z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    of T´eb´essa, 12000, Algeria 2 Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA E world. The first is given in Ref. [41], which suggests a new approach (with experiments, statistical

  10. TABLE24.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    III-Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, a January 1998 Arab OPEC ... 38,701 294 2,258 0 0 0 0 443 0 0 Algeria...

  11. TABLE22.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    I-Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, a January 1998 Arab OPEC ... 6,171 845 0 115 625 0 0 824 0 0 Algeria...

  12. Measuring the Costs of U.S. Oil Dependence and the Benefits of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    exporters operating as OPEC." Prof. M. Adelman, MIT, 2004. Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia UAE Venezuela 0 20 40 60 80 100 120...

  13. Christ the king Texts: Jeremiah 23:1-6, Psalm 46, Colossians 1:11-20, Luke 22:33-43

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poon, Wilson

    rent asunder by wars to mountains shattered by violent earthquakes. Scattered sheep, shattered in January with the kidnapping and killing of nearly 40 oil workers in Algeria by arm gangs. April saw

  14. Table 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    OPEC Algeria Canada Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC a Total OPEC b 1978 ... 14.93 14.41 14.65...

  15. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    OPEC Algeria Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC b Total OPEC c 1978 ... 14.12 13.61 13.24 14.05...

  16. NORTHWEST AFRICA 176: A UNIQUE IRON METEORITE WITH SILICATE INCLUSIONS RELATED TO BOCAIUVA. Menghua Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Floss, Christine

    NORTHWEST AFRICA 176: A UNIQUE IRON METEORITE WITH SILICATE INCLUSIONS RELATED TO BOCAIUVA. Menghua Africa 176 iron me- teorite with silicate inclusions was found at the border of Morocco and Algeria

  17. The political economy of military spending, freedom, conflicts, and economic growth in developing countries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Attar, Riad A

    2006-08-16

    of Algeria .....................................................................128 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION This study assesses the effect of politics on growth in sixty nine developing societies. Political economists (e.g. Harrod, 1939; Domar,1946; Solow...

  18. The strategic consequences of the oil price collapse

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schuler, H.

    1987-01-01

    This book discusses the geopolitical consequences of the oil-price drop in such countries as Indonesia, Nigeria, Algeria, Mexico and Egypt. It also assesses the overall implications of the drop in oil prices on oil-producing areas.

  19. U.S. State Department's TechWomen 2012 Visit Berkeley Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    TechWomen brought a total of 41 women working in the technology sector from Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, the Palestinian Territories, Tunisia and Yemen to the U.S....

  20. Long-term vs. Short-term Contracts; A European perspective on natural gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neuhoff, Karsten; von Hirschhausen, Christian

    2006-03-14

    to the US with rather competitive gas production, European gas supplies are imported from regions which still have in place mechanisms to coordinate national export quantity, like the state monopoly on transmission capacity in Russia, Algeria’s state... increase, then this could result in additional competition. Alternatively, if the Energy Charter or other developments induce Russia to grant free access to pipeline transmission capacity, then competition among Russian gas producers and exporters could...

  1. 17.953 U.S. Military Budget and Force Planning, Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Cindy

    The United States is spending about $400 billion this year on national defense, some $40 billion on homeland security, and $85 billion on military operations and nation-building in Iraq and Afghanistan. This course is for ...

  2. An Update on Avian Flu The virus continues to spread in wild birds and poultry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Myanmar, India, Afghanistan, India, Iraq, Iran, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey, Greece, Romania, Bulgaria-scale and statistically significant efficacy studies of anti-viral drugs like Tamiflu and Relenza against the H5N1 avian

  3. Deployment related mental health care seeking behaviors in the U.S. military and the use of telehealth to mitigate their impacts on access to care

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hess, John (John Thomas)

    2012-01-01

    Interviewees report that groups of service members returning from Iraq and Afghanistan often require substantial amounts of mental health care, causing surges in demand at military hospitals. These hospitals have difficulty ...

  4. Computational modeling of blast-induced traumatic brain injury

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nyein, Michelle K. (Michelle Kyaw)

    2010-01-01

    Blast-induced TBI has gained prominence in recent years due to the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, yet little is known about the mechanical effects of blasts on the human head; no injury thresholds have been established ...

  5. Design and evaluation of a wireless electronic health records system for field care in mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirsh, David

    in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan; the coordinated bombings in Madrid1 and London;2 the Tsunami disaster prepares for: a dirty bomb (an explosive-dispersed radiation device) or nuclear-bomb detonation,6

  6. Computational Modeling and Optimization of a Novel Shock Tube to Study Blast Induced Traumatic Brain Injury 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anumolu, Pratima

    2014-08-06

    Over the last decade, soldiers fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan are being exposed to blasts from powerful explosives with improvised detonation techniques. These blasts put them at high risk of closed head non-impact ...

  7. Studying Unexplained Veteran Illnesses at the APS

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Schmidt, Millicent

    2014-06-04

    Researchers from Stony Brook University come to Argonne's Advanced Photon Source to study the potential underlying causes for an unusual increased incidence of pulmonary disease in U.S. soldiers returning from military service in the Middle East and Afghanistan.

  8. Fatty Acid Blood Levels, Vitamin D Status, and Physical Performance and Its Relationship to Resiliency and Mood in Active Duty Soldiers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barringer, Nicholas D

    2015-05-11

    The mental health of soldiers is a growing concern as rates of depression and suicide have increased in soldiers with recently more deaths attributed to suicide than deaths due to combat in Afghanistan in 2012. Previous ...

  9. Cultured men, uncultured women : an exploration of the gendered hierarchy of taste governing Afghan radio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamal, Sarah

    2005-01-01

    After years of strict bans on the media, local radio in post-Taliban Afghanistan is undergoing an intense period of reconstruction. This thesis uses a multi-sited ethnographic investigation to examine local Afghan radio's ...

  10. US military expenditures to protect the use of Persian Gulf oil for motor vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

    2008-01-01

    economic costs of the war in Iraq. Working Paper 05-19, AEI-The economic costs of the Iraq War: an appraisal three yearsA. , 2006. The cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and other global

  11. An All Women's Response to War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean, Rebecca

    2008-01-01

    war and aggression in Iraq are on the forefront of manyfifth anniversary of the war in Iraq, the issue Masculinistand occupation of Afghanistan and Iraq; and the use of war,

  12. Paper ID# 901456.PDF Page 1 of 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    @satechnologies.com haydee.cuevas@satechnologies.com dan.colombo@statechnologies.com ABSTRACT Recent operations in Iraq will be empowered to make better decisions. Recent operations in Iraq and Afghanistan have confirmed that in order

  13. U. S. Military Expenditures to Protect the Use of Persian Gulf Oil for Motor Vehicles: Report #15 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

    2006-01-01

    A. Belasco, The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Globaland After the 2003 Invasion of Iraq: Cluster Sample Survey,”after the 2003 Invasion of Iraq: a Cross-Sectional Cluster

  14. Studying Unexplained Veteran Illnesses at the APS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schmidt, Millicent

    2014-03-17

    Researchers from Stony Brook University come to Argonne's Advanced Photon Source to study the potential underlying causes for an unusual increased incidence of pulmonary disease in U.S. soldiers returning from military service in the Middle East and Afghanistan.

  15. Special Publication No. 3, Ticks and Tickborne Diseases, IV. Geographical Distribution of Ticks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doss, Mildred A.; Farr, Marion M.; Roach, Katharine F.; Anastos, George

    1978-01-01

    ISLANDS see NEW GUINEA AFGHANISTAN Aponomma latum (Santos Dias, J. ?. ?. , (1961A), 1- 18) AFGHANISTAN -- Continued. Haemaphysalis sulcata (Anastos, G., (1956?), 18-19) Hyalomma aegyptium (Anastos, G., (1954C) 1?.9-174\\ (Chasma-Obeh, Adaraskand...) '' 169"174> Hyalomma aegyptium (Kaiser, M.'N. & Hooestraal, ?., (1963A), 130-139) Argas (Chiropterargas) afghanistaniensis (Santos Dias, J. A. T. , (196??), 1-18) Argas (Chiropterargas) boueti (Nemenz, ?., (1960A), 45-47) Argas persicus (Anastos, G...

  16. st International Conference BiblioWorld: Technology, Resources, Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanchev, Peter

    Totomanova, National Library "St. St. Cyril and Methodius", Sofia 11:45-12:05 New communication aspects access to old European written heritage Adolf Knoll, National Library of the Czech Republic, Prague 14 Library: "dream"and/or "reality" for the Albanian libraries? Dr. Etleva Domi, National Library of Albania

  17. NETHERLANDS SWITZERLAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OCEAN SOUTHERN OCEANSOUTHERN OCEAN SOUTHERN OCEAN SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN ARCTIC OCEANARCTIC OCEAN NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN Determining Factors for Medical Threat Levels MACEDONIA ALBANIA MONTENEGRO GREECE AZERBAIJAN ARCTIC OCEAN NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN SOUTH ATLANTIC OCEAN INDIAN

  18. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1986-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,839,817 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1985, a decrease of 3% from the 1,896,446 km/sup 2/ held at the end of 1984. This decrease mainly is due to significant relinquishments made in Algeria, Egypt, and Tunisia. Morocco, however, had an increase of 18,087 km/sup 2/. Oil discoveries were reported in Algeria (possibly 5), Libya (at least 2), and Egypt (16). Only 1 gas find was made (in Morocco). According to sparse information, development drilling may have decreased markedly during 1985. Oil and condensate production increased by 3.1% to approximately 3,054,000 b/d compared to about 2,963,400 b/d in 1984. No statistics are currently available on gas production in North Africa. 8 figures, 27 tables.

  19. Oil Exports and the Iranian Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esfahani, H. S.; Mohaddes, K.; Pesaran, M. Hashem

    in oil exploration and extraction technologies. Figure 1: Oil export revenues to income ratios for major oil exporters 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1980 1987 1994 2001 2008 Saudi Arabia Iran Norway Venezuela Kuwait UAE Qatar Libya Nigeria Algeria Russia... . As Figure 1 shows most other OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) member countries such as Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Nigeria, Algeria, United Arab Emirates and Kuwait, and a few countries outside OPEC such as Norway and Russia have similar...

  20. Statewise Correlates of Civil Nuclear Energy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kafle, Nischal

    2014-08-01

    the values zero 8 Table 2.1: 86NC states, and their respective nuclear reliances, circa 2011 [14]. State Nuclear Reliance [%] State Nuclear Reliance [%] Algeria 0.0 Mexico 3.6 Argentina 5.0 Morocco 0.0 Australia 0.0 Myanmar 0.0 Austria 0.0 Nepal 0...

  1. HIGH RESOLUTION SATELLITE IMAGERY NEW PERSPECTIVES FOR THE EARTHQUAKE RISK MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shinozuka, Masanobu

    detectionPrinciples of damage detection Building contours layer (in yellow) overlaid on the convex envelope damage detection - recent advancements damage mapping fast estimation of human casualties conclusions-story building in Boumerdes, Algeria, after May 21th earthquake, 2003 #12;Principles of damage detection

  2. First International Workshop on Functional and Operatorial Statistics.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crambes, Christophe

    First International Workshop on Functional and Operatorial Statistics. Toulouse, June 19-21, 2008 Sidi Bel Abb`es, Algeria. ccrambes@math.univ-montp2.fr, delsol@cict.fr, alilak@yahoo.fr Abstract with convergence in probability, asymptotic normality and Lq errors. 1. Introduction A common problem in statistics

  3. Journal of VLSI Signal Processing, ?, 1--13 (2001) 2001 Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston. Manufactured in The Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Seungjin

    2001-01-01

    Nationale Polytechnique, Algeria Received ?; Revised ? Editors: ? Abstract. This paper addresses a method(t) is the additive noise vector that is statistically independent of s(t). The task of BSS is to estimate the mixing structure, higher­order statistics (HOS) is essential (implicitly or explicitly) to solve the BSS problem

  4. PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Universite Montpellier II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crambes, Christophe

    , 37-41 Mortimer Street, London W1T 3JH, UK Journal of Nonparametric Statistics Publication details, Toulouse Cedex, France c Université Djillali Liabès, Sidi Bel Abbès, Algeria First Published:October2008 for functional data',Journal of Nonparametric Statistics,20:7,573 -- 598 To link to this Article: DOI: 10

  5. Supplement of Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 58075824, 2014 http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/acp-14-5807-2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    ability to simulate observations and used to calculate the innovation X2 (Inn. X2 ) statistic. N denotes.91 -0.09(-0.14) 'ask_01d0' Assekrem, Algeria 23.18°N,5.42°E,2728m ESRL 221(0) 1.5 0.34 -0.11(-0.12) 'azr

  6. JOINT CUMULANT AND CORRELATION BASED SIGNAL SEPARATION WITH APPLICATION TO EEG DATA ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gorodnitsky, Irina

    , Algiers, Algeria. ABSTRACT Current methods in Blind Source Separation (BSS) utilize either the higher order statistics or the time delayed cross­ correlations to perform signal separation. In this paper we investigate a method for source separation which utilizes joint information from higher order statistics

  7. **The total number of academic personnel is 18,122. Appointments excluded from the above data include clinical faculty (5,911), affiliate faculty (2,737), and other faculty and academic personnel (4,898). UNITED KINGDOM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Volkenburgh, Elizabeth

    ICELAND 2 INDONESIA 2 LIBYA 2 NEPAL 2 SINGAPORE 2 TANZANIA 1 ALGERIA 1 ARMENIA 1 AZERBAIJAN 1 BRUNEI 1 179 224 8 63 6 26 0 255 7 38 NEW HIRE STATISTICS BY RANK AND TRACK AS OF 10/31/2014 NEW HIRE STATISTICS BYYEAR ­ PROFESSORIAL FACULTY Year Total Male Female American Indian Asian Black Hispanic Pacific

  8. Journal of VLSI Signal Processing, ?, 113 (2001) c2001 Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston. Manufactured in The Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cichocki, Andrzej

    2001-01-01

    Nationale Polytechnique, Algeria Received ?; Revised ? Editors: ? Abstract. This paper addresses a method´Øµ is the additive noise vector that is statistically independent of ״ص. The task of BSS is to estimate the mixing condition than the statistical indepen- dence) but temporally correlated (i.e., each source has non

  9. Proceedings of Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, pages 2531, Hissar, Bulgaria, 7-13 September 2013.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    approaches to NER. Linguistic rule based, statistical based, and hybrid. Rule-based methods are usually based, 2012). Statistical and machine learning approaches generally require a large amount of manually. Hassina Aliane Research Center on Scientific and Technical Information, Algeria haliane@hotmail.com Amina

  10. The State and Outcomes of Higher Education in the Arab World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .0% Lebanon 2.8% Saudi Arabia 1.4% #12;According to published statistics: Only 2.4% attending HEIs. of Patents 1 Saudi Arabia 147 2 UAE 39 3 Egypt 33 4 Morocco 17 5 Tunisia 8 6 Syria 5 7 Algeria, Kuwait 4 each

  11. R. Muoz et al. (Eds.): NLDB 2011, LNCS 6716, pp. 238241, 2011. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    ], CRFs [7]. Results produced by statistical taggers obtain about 95%-97% of correctly tagged words. There are also, hybrid methods that use both knowledge based and statistical resources. 3 Amazighe Language The Amazighe language is spoken in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Siwa (an Egyptian Oasis); it is also

  12. Proceedings of the Human Language Technology Conference of the North American Chapter of the ACL pages 56, Rochester, April 2007. c 2007 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and geographically. The term language as opposed to dialect is only an expression of power and dominance of one group the perception of the distinction between the Arabic language and an Arabic dialect. This power relationship valley: Egypt and Sudan. North African Arabic covers the dialects of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia

  13. ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS USED IN THIS REPORT Abbreviations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    integrated field file OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries; includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran barrels BBL Billion barrels of total petroleum liquids; includes crude oil, condensate, and natural gas petroleum liquids; includes crude oil, condensate, and natural gas liquids BNGL Barrels of natural gas

  14. Contribution of Saharan dust on radionuclide aerosol activity levels in Europe? The 2122 February 2004 case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menut, Laurent

    French nuclear weapon test sites in Algeria, where the ``Gerboise'' experiments took place. For black'' sites, where former French nuclear tests in the 1960s were performed. With the model in scenario mode global weapons tests [Aoyama et al., 2006]. [3] The identification of sources may be complex because

  15. Relations between albedos and emissivities from MODIS and ASTER data over North African Desert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Liming

    of incident solar energy reflected by the land surface in all directions. They determine the surface radiation map over the arid areas of Algeria, Libya, and Tunisia in North Africa at 30 second (about 1 km) and 2 in climate model deserts such as the Sahara. However, solar short- wave diffuse albedos vary by a factor

  16. Africa N. of visitors Asia N. of visitors Latin America N. of visitors Morocco 81 India 367 Argentina 142

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa N. of visitors Asia N. of visitors Latin America N. of visitors Morocco 81 India 367 Argentina 142 South Africa 69 Iran 201 Mexico 126 Nigeria 65 Pakistan 140 Brazil 120 Egypt in LDCs in Africa Algeria 50 Korea Rep. 34 Costa Rica 44 16 from rest of Africa Ghana 37

  17. Africa n visitatori Asia n visitatori America Latina n visitatori Marocco 81 India 367 Argentina 142

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa n° visitatori Asia n° visitatori America Latina n° visitatori Marocco 81 India 367 Venezuela 64 Ruanda 50 Armenia 94 Colombia 49 Senegal 50 Turchia 37 Cuba 46 22 PMA in Africa Algeria America Latina 196 Africa 194 Europa dell'Est 121 5 PMA in Asia più altre 32 nazioni 1

  18. Forest Growth Under Extensive Annual Drought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yakir, Dan

    aridity factor (precipitation/potential evaporation) of about 0.18. Annual received solar energy of ~7 forests/ Count' area K ha K ha % Morocco 2491 534 6.8 Algeria 1427 718 0.9 Tunisia 308 202 3.1 Egypt 0 72

  19. Abdel Wahab M., El-Metwally M., Hassan R., Lefvre M., Oumbe A., Wald L., 2008. Assessing surface solar irradiance in Northern Africa desert climate and its long-term variations from Meteosat images. International

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -Qubba, Cairo, Egypt. Mines ParisTech, Center for Energy and Processes, BP 207, 06904 Sophia Antipolis cedex under concern in this paper: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, is the prospect of energy production from sun. These four nations comprise approximately 130 millions inhabitants altogether and solar energy

  20. A fossil primate of uncertain affinities from the earliest late Eocene of Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Doug M.

    A fossil primate of uncertain affinities from the earliest late Eocene of Egypt Erik R. Seifferta,1- mate from the earliest late Eocene (37 Ma) of northern Egypt, Nos- mipsaenigmaticus, whosephylogenetic of fossil primates from the Eocene of Algeria (1) and Egypt (2­4), Africa's role in the early evolution

  1. Nuclear proliferation status report. Status report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1992-07-01

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear proliferation status of the following countries: (1) Russia, (2) Ukraine, (3) Belarus, (4) Kazakhstan, (5) Israel, (6) India, (7) Pakistan, (8) South Africa, (9) North Korea, (10) Iraq, (11) Iran, (12) Lybia, (13) Algeria, (14) Syria, (15) Brazil, (16) Argentina, and (17) Taiwan.

  2. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    OPEC 4,184 42 116 134 30 34 64 Algeria 218 24 68 53 0 0 0 Indonesia 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 443 0 0 10 0 0 0 Kuwait 183 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 20 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  3. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Total OPEC 8,771 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 252 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 150 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 1,264 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  4. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Conventional Total OPEC 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria 0 0 0...

  5. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    14,745 0 653 653 Algeria 43,956 5,591 10,931 1,677 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 604 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 105,986 0 0 305 0 0 0 Kuwait 45,131 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 3,657 0 318...

  6. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 9,068 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 827 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 307 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 481 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  7. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    OPEC 26,638 0 871 617 905 1,028 1,933 Algeria 0 0 534 617 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  8. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    OPEC 4,762 35 104 108 22 26 48 Algeria 228 17 51 58 0 0 0 Indonesia 19 0 0 3 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 520 0 0 2 0 0 0 Kuwait 215 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 44 0 1 3 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  9. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Total OPEC 4,727 51 69 83 8 41 49 Algeria 212 21 40 48 0 0 0 Indonesia 28 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 390 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 268 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 34 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  10. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 4,825 37 86 111 22 25 47 Algeria 228 20 53 59 0 0 0 Indonesia 15 0 0 2 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 524 0 0 1 0 0 0 Kuwait 197 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 43 0 1 3 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  11. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Conventional Total OPEC 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria 0 0 0...

  12. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    0 704 1,604 246 942 1,188 Algeria 1,035 0 404 1,230 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  13. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    OPEC 4,816 35 105 109 22 26 48 Algeria 228 17 51 58 0 0 0 Indonesia 19 0 0 3 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 527 0 0 2 0 0 0 Kuwait 227 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 44 0 1 3 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  14. SPRING 2010 International Edition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateo, Jill M.

    E-mail: hermans@acadbookprom.nl Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and Italy Uwe Lüdemann Schleiermacherstrasse 8 D 10961Berlin Germany Tel: 030 69 50 81 89 Fax: 030 69 50 81 90 E-mail: mail Algeria, Cyprus, Jordan, Malta, Morocco, Tunisia, Turkey, and West Bank Claire de Gruchy Avicenna

  15. Jenn Baka, Frank Ling, and Daniel Kammen UC Berkeley Towards Energy Independence in 2025

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    2005 Annual Energy Outlook, Table 11, Energy Information Agency. 2 Ibid. 3 Davis, S., Diegel, S, Algeria and Gabon. Sources: Oil use and import projections from 2005 EIA Annual Energy Outlook, Table 11Jenn Baka, Frank Ling, and Daniel Kammen UC Berkeley 1 Towards Energy Independence in 2025 Prepared

  16. Theorizing September 11: Social Theory, History, and Globalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kellner, Douglas

    2002-04-01

    years more of civil war, setting up the present conflict (see Cooley 2000; Rashid 2001; and Ali 2002). While later in the 1990s, certain U.S. interests would be attracted to the oil and gas possibilities in Afghanistan and would cozy up to and support..., which had done a feasibility study for the project. Enron and Unocal had lavishly courted the Taliban and encouraged U.S. support of the regime since they were deemed the group most likely to stabilize Afghanistan and allow the pipeline to be built.11...

  17. Sonny Ramaswamy Director of Agricultural Research Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Source: http://www.eia.doe.gov Petroleum (million barrels/day) USA imports 60% of oil at an annual cost of $250 B The Perfect Storm · September 11, 2001 · Terrorism, Iraq, Afghanistan · Iran, Venezuela, Nigeria · Higher farm income and value · Net energy, CO2, greenhouse gas output in production and use of ethanol

  18. WINTER 2002 19 2001 INDUCTION CEREMONY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Joel E.

    by Peter Fritsch, entitled "Lesson Plan: Religious Schools in Pakistan Fill Void--and Spawn Warriors of Save the Children for Pakistan and Afghanistan, observed that relatively uneducated hard-line groups. On CNN at the end of September, Fritsch reported, Pakistan's military dictator, General Pervez Musharraf

  19. ResearchMICHIGAN TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY > 2010 TABLE OF CONTENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    world last year when they made a discovery that could mean it's raining less than we think will focus primarily on better energy development and distribution and on earthquake hazard mitigation. "I and Afghanistan. The people I work with are very smart, but the need to balance competing agendas among different

  20. The United States: The Making of National Security Policy John M. Deutch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    as observation or involvement is vast. It begins with Afghanistan and Iraq and extends to China and East Asia. It includes Iran, Africa, the Middle East peace process, Russia, European affairs, functional areas of energy group is with political-military affairs. With other matters, additional agencies may participate

  1. 09/10/2009 17:48Why Chimpanzees Make Bad Suicide Bombers : The Primate Diaries Page 1 of 15http://scienceblogs.com/primatediaries/2009/08/why_chimpanzees_make_bad_suici.php

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gardner, Andy

    Search Recent Posts Afghanistan's Arrow and the Cycle of Imperial Hubris Is Bisphenol-A Turning Our Kids that Religion Really Does Poison Everything Jim Lippard on Is Bisphenol-A Turning Our Kids Nasty? Bob O'H on Evidence that Religion Really Does Poison Everything EMJ on Is Bisphenol-A Turning Our Kids Nasty? Jim

  2. Nepal's Maoists: Purists or Pragmatists?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Crisis Group

    2007-05-18

    , Nepal’s Maoists: Their Aims, Structure and Strategy, ?? ??????? ???? ??????????? ????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ??????? ??. ???, Nepal: From People Power to Peace?, ?? ?? ????, ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ??. ???, Nepal’s Peace... ), Communist Party of Afghanistan, Communist Party of Bangladesh (Marxist-Leninist), Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), Communist Party of Peru, Communist Party of Turkey Marxist-Leninist, Marxist-Leninist Communist Organisation of Tunisia, Maoist Communist...

  3. The G8 must fund the war against poverty: JEFFREY SACHS. By JEFFREY SACHS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COMMENT The G8 must fund the war against poverty: JEFFREY SACHS. By JEFFREY SACHS 768 words 7 June outlays in Iraq and Afghanistan. The G8 should start by remembering its promises. The millennium, the G8 and other signatories urged "developed countries that have not done so to make concrete efforts

  4. Workshop on Computational Linguistics and Clinical Psychology: From Linguistic Signal to Clinical Reality, pages 16, Baltimore, Maryland USA, June 27, 2014. c 2014 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    classifier. 2 Suicide risk and military culture The suicide rate among members of the United States Armed in Iraq and Afghanistan. Sui- cide is now the second-leading cause of death among military personnel). In response to steadily rising suicide rates among military per- sonnel and veterans, researchers, clinicians

  5. Reaching More for Less: Modernizing US International Food Aid Programs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natsios, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    of International Affairs, is also an executive professor at the Bush School of Government and Public Service. He is a former USAID admin- istrator who managed reconstruction programs in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Sudan. He also served as US special envoy to Sudan...

  6. Geek-Up[09.17.2010]-- Water Blades, Biomass Conversion and Antineutrino Detection

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Scientists have engineered a blade of water that’s strong enough and fast enough to penetrate through steel, which will help soldiers in Afghanistan disable deadly IEDs, plus researchers are currently testing an aboveground water-based antineutrino detector that will improve monitoring capabilities at nuclear facilities.

  7. Experts Offer Marines Energy-Efficiency Advice

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    As an early adopter of cutting-edge technologies, the United States military is pioneering energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies in the field. Recently, the Commandant of the United States Marine Corps sent a team to visit bases and camps in Afghanistan to assess and make recommendations on the supply and use of energy and water.

  8. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1987-10-01

    Licensed oil acreage in the 6 North Africa countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia) totaled 1,500,000 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1986, down 290,000 km/sup 2/ from 1985. About 50% of the relinquishments were in Libya. Most oil and gas discoveries were made in Egypt (16 oil and 2 gas). Several oil finds were reported in onshore Libya, and 1 was reported in Algeria in the southeastern Sahara. According to available statistics, development drilling decreased from 1985 levels, except in Tunisia. A 6.3% decline in oil production took place in 1986, falling below the 3 million bbl level (2,912,000 b/d). Only sparse data are released on the gas output in North Africa. 6 figures, 27 tables.

  9. Travel and migration associated infectious diseases morbidity in Europe, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Field, Vanessa; Gautret, Philippe; Schlagenhauf, Patricia; Burchard, Gerd-Dieter; Caumes, Eric; Jensenius, Mogens; Castelli, Francesco; Gkrania-Klotsas, Effrossyni; Weld, Leisa; Lopez-Velez, Rogelio; de Vries, Peter; von Sonnenburg, Frank; Loutan, Louis; Parola, Philippe; Network, the EuroTravNet

    2010-11-17

    to adjust for the large number of statistical tests performed. Ethics approval The GeoSentinel International data-collection protocol used by EuroTravNet was reviewed by the institutional review board officer at the National Center for Infec- tious Diseases... on a return visit to his country of birth Algeria; three cases of toxo- plasmosis, 20 cases of acute Epstein Barr Virus infection, and one case of histoplasmosis. Bacterial infections accounted for most dermatological diagnoses followed by arthropod...

  10. Human Resource Constraints for Electricity Regulation in Developing Countries: Has Anything Changed?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollitt, Michael G.; Stern, Jon

    /or higher institutional quality countries Table 3 Staff Numbers for African Electricity Regulators Country No Total Staff No Professional Staff Electrification Rate (%) Algeria** 39* 31* 98 Egypt 49 N/A 98 Ethiopia 60+ N/A 15 Namibia... K IN G P A P E R Abstract HUMAN RESOURCE CONSTRAINTS FOR ELECTRICITY REGULATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: HAS ANYTHING CHANGED? EPRG Working Paper EPRG 0910 Cambridge Working Paper in Economics CWPE 0914 Michael G.Pollitt and Jon Stern...

  11. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  12. SunShot Concentrating Solar Power Program Update

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    End of 2012 Spain 532.0 467.0 951.0 1,950.0 United States 525.0 525.0 Algeria 25.0 25.0 Egypt 20.0 20.0 Morocco 20.0 20.0 Iran 17.0 17.0 Chile 10.0 10.0 Australia 3.0 6.3 9.3...

  13. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    16,736 7,162 7,088 14,250 Algeria 20,873 0 3,867 15,177 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 548 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 6,676 0 0 622 0 0 0...

  14. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    6,990 12,893 Algeria 62,126 5,591 14,394 16,019 0 0 0 Indonesia 4,069 0 0 604 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 142,961 0 0 305 0 0 0 Kuwait 53,707 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 11,682 0 318...

  15. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    16,601 7,162 6,863 14,025 Algeria 20,873 0 3,867 15,177 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 548 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 6,676 0 0 622 0 0 0...

  16. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    9,574 17,765 Algeria 83,359 6,256 18,622 21,281 0 0 0 Indonesia 6,816 0 0 989 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 192,524 0 0 747 0 0 0 Kuwait 82,730 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 15,934 0 449...

  17. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    9,563 17,754 Algeria 83,359 6,256 18,622 21,212 0 0 0 Indonesia 6,816 0 0 989 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 189,657 0 0 747 0 0 0 Kuwait 78,611 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 15,934 0 449...

  18. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 114,309 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 3,600 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 10,192 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 8,930 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,350 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  19. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1,266 2,620 2,656 0 0 0 Algeria 6,290 734 1,510 227 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 9,139 0 0 305 0 0 0 Kuwait 4,231 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 612 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  20. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    1,570 1,422 980 0 329 329 Algeria 4,708 665 827 256 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 9,536 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 7,833 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,043 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  1. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    2,584 246 1,271 1,517 Algeria 6,570 665 1,231 1,486 0 0 0 Indonesia 870 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 12,100 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 8,314 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,043 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  2. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 84,797 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 2,479 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 7,742 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 7,173 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,350 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  3. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1,029 2,183 3,212 Algeria 58,368 6,256 14,755 2,002 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 989 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 142,265 0 0 747 0 0 0 Kuwait 71,849 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 6,912 0 449...

  4. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    11,425 5,903 5,809 11,712 Algeria 15,691 0 3,463 10,240 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 5,679 0 0 622 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  5. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 117,889 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 4,118 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 11,629 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 8,930 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,350 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  6. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1,029 1,947 2,976 Algeria 58,886 6,256 14,755 1,933 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 989 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 140,835 0 0 747 0 0 0 Kuwait 67,730 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 6,912 0 449...

  7. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    4,016 905 1,028 1,933 Algeria 6,542 734 2,044 1,587 0 0 0 Indonesia 299 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 13,299 0 0 305 0 0 0 Kuwait 5,495 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 612 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  8. Depositional Environments and Sequence Stratigraphy of the Lower Cretaceous Dakota Sandstone in the Ridgway Area, Southwestern Colorado

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Serradji, Hayet

    2008-01-30

    and Sequence Stratigraphy of the Lower Cretaceous Dakota Sandstone in the Ridgway Area, Southwestern Colorado By C2007 Hayet Serradji B.S., University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediane, Algeria, 2002 B. S., Algerian Petroleum Institute... for Hayet Serradji certifies that this is the approved version of the following thesis Depositional Environments and Sequence Stratigraphy of the Lower Cretaceous Dakota Sandstone in the Ridgway Area, Southwestern Colorado...

  9. African oil plays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifford, A.J. )

    1989-09-01

    The vast continent of Africa hosts over eight sedimentary basins, covering approximately half its total area. Of these basins, only 82% have entered a mature exploration phase, 9% have had little or no exploration at all. Since oil was first discovered in Africa during the mid-1950s, old play concepts continue to bear fruit, for example in Egypt and Nigeria, while new play concepts promise to become more important, such as in Algeria, Angola, Chad, Egypt, Gabon, and Sudan. The most exciting developments of recent years in African oil exploration are: (1) the Gamba/Dentale play, onshore Gabon; (2) the Pinda play, offshore Angola; (3) the Lucula/Toca play, offshore Cabinda; (4) the Metlaoui play, offshore Libya/Tunisia; (5) the mid-Cretaceous sand play, Chad/Sudan; and (6) the TAG-I/F6 play, onshore Algeria. Examples of these plays are illustrated along with some of the more traditional oil plays. Where are the future oil plays likely to develop No doubt, the Saharan basins of Algeria and Libya will feature strongly, also the presalt of Equatorial West Africa, the Central African Rift System and, more speculatively, offshore Ethiopia and Namibia, and onshore Madagascar, Mozambique, and Tanzania.

  10. International bibliography of vegetation maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ku?chler, A. W. (August William)

    1965-01-01

    372 Albania 24 Iceland 397 Andorra 27 Italy .400 Austria 28 Luxembourg 421 Belgium 60 Netherlands 423 British. Isles 89 Norway ...446 Bulgaria 149 Poland 447 Czechoslovakia 152 Portugal 458 Denmark 173 Rumania .467 Finland 176 San Marino 489..., NORWAY AND FINLAND" in color 1:10,600,000 LEGEND 1. Conifers 3. Mixed conifers and hardwods 2. Hardwoods ZON, RAPHAEL and WILLIAM N. SPARHAWK 1923 Forest resources of the world. New York, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., vol. 1, facing p. 102. 1925...

  11. World frontiers beckon oil finders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01

    This paper discusses the international aspects of the petroleum industry. Most who work in the industry agree that the possibilities for huge are found largely in international regions. Something that is helping fuel that possibility is the way countries are increasingly opening their doors to US oil industry involvement. Listed in this paper is a partial list of the reported projects now underway around the world involving US companies. It is not intended to be comprehensive, but rather an indication of how work continues despite a general lull atmosphere for the oil industry. These include Albania, Bulgaria, Congo, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ireland, Malta, Madagascar, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Panama, Paraquay, and Senegal.

  12. DoD perspective James Short is a visiting professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Maryland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Anthony F. J.

    % Jet Fuel 53% Auto Diesel 8% 11% #12;6 DoD Energy Use Typical DoD Consumption (by BTUs) Marine Diesel personnel or contractors killed or wounded between FY03-07 in attacks on water and fuel convoys Afghanistan ­ One Marine wounded for every 50 convoys in 2010 The Highest PriceThe Highest Price 4 #12;5 DoD Energy

  13. The Cost of Improving Gas Supply Security in the Baltic States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noël, Pierre; Findlater, Sachi; Chyong, Chi Kong

    2012-01-23

     days, according to cases Efficiency of the system [5] Calculated as [heat energy out ]/[ energy value of gas in]. Raw data  obtained from Estonian National Statistics and applied to all three  countries. Note that for boilers and turbines there is a 1... source. The journey time given here is for Arzew port in Algeria to the Baltic Coast. Daily transit volume boil off [%] [7] Information obtained from LNG industry experts. mcm per 125tcm vessel [once regasified] [8] The volume of LNG is approximately 600...

  14. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in Africa: A systematic Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macaulay, Shelley; Dunger, David B.; Norris, Shane A.

    2014-06-03

    (Appendix S2), describing the study design, sources of bias, statistical methods used and study limitations were areas where a number of the studies fell short. Out of the 13 studies that underwent a risk of bias assessment, four (31%) were considered... unpublished data from the South African Department of Health indicates a surprisingly low macrosomia rate of 1.7% [49]. If macrosomia rates are indicative of GDM rates then it is imperative that research on GDM is conducted in other African countries. Algeria...

  15. Africa: Unrest and restrictive terms limit abundant potential. [Oil and gas exploration and development in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01

    This paper summarizes the drilling and exploration activity of the oil and gas industries of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, the Congo, Angola, and South Africa. Information is provided on current and predicted trends in well drilling activities (both onshore and offshore), numbers of new wells, footage information, production statistics and what fields accounted for this production, and planned new exploration activities. The paper also describes the current status of government policies and political problems affecting the oil and gas industry.

  16. Cancer survival: global variation and long-term trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyratzopoulos, Georgios

    2015-03-03

    diagnosed with breast cancer between 2005 and 2009, net 5-year survival exceeded 80% in most developed countries, but was probably lower than 60% in Algeria, South Africa, Mongolia, and Jordan.1 Considering the overall number of potentially avoidable years... statistics, 2014. CA Cancer J. Clin. 64, 9–29 (2014). 8. De Angelis, R. et al. Cancer survival in Europe 1999–2007 by country and age: results of EUROCARE--5-a population-based study. Lancet Oncol. 15, 23–34 (2014). 9. Perme, M. P., Stare, J. & Estève, J...

  17. Networks of Networks: Changing Patterns in Country Bandwidth and Centrality in Global Information Infrastructure, 2002-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seo, Hyunjin

    2012-04-01

    of density, degree, and eigenvector centrality from 2002 to 2010. Graphs and statistics were calculated in R (R Development Core Team, 2011) and networks were visualized using Gephi (Bastian, Heymann, & Jacomy, 2009). Global internet geography data obtained....070), Jordan (0.060), Morocco (0.052), Algeria (0.025), Libya (0.014), Palestine Territory (0.012), and Sudan (0.012). The United Arab Emirates showed the highest degree with 12, and the degree of Israel was 8. Data for Iraq and Tunisia were not available...

  18. Nonlinearities in Cross-Country Growth Regressions: A Bayesian Averaging of Thresholds (BAT) Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cuaresma, Jesus Crespo; Doppelhofer, Gernot

    levels. Papageor- giou (2002) finds evidence that sets of countries with different openness levels tend to differ in the statistical model relating economic growth to other economic variables.11 The results presented below were obtained with ten million... interactions in the interval between 7.26 (corresponding to the initial GDP per capita of Malaysia) and 7.45 (corresponding to the initial GDP per capita of Algeria). It should be noted that for simulations run setting m¯=2 (that is, consid- ering only...

  19. LPG export growth will exceed demand by 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    True, W.R.

    1994-08-08

    LPG supplies for international trade will increase sharply through 2000 and begin to outstrip demand by 1997 or 1998. This outlook depends on several production projects proceeding as planned. Leading the way to increased volumes are projects in Algeria, Nigeria, and Australia, among others. Purvin and Gertz, Dallas, projected this trend earlier this year at an international LPG seminar near Houston. Representatives from LPG-supplying countries also presented information to support this view and subsequently supplied more specifics to OGJ in response to questions. This paper discusses this information. Trends in Africa, Australia, North America, and South America are forecast.

  20. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-08-01

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  1. An Empirical Growth Model for Major Oil Exporters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esfahani, Hadi Salehi; Mohaddes, Kamiar; Pesaran, M. Hashem

    2012-03-21

    . 3See, for example, Amuzegar (2008) and the British Petroleum Statistical Review of World Energy. 3 Figure 1: Oil Export Revenues to Income Ratios for Major Oil Exporters 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1980 1988 1996 2004 2010 Saudi Arabia Iran Norway Venezuela... shows most other OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) member countries such as Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Nigeria, Algeria, United Arab Emirates and Kuwait, and a few countries outside OPEC such as Norway and Russia have similar oil...

  2. Supplement of Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 113133, 2015 http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/15/113/2015/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    -Alesund, Svalbard (Spitsbergen), Norway and Sweden SUM 72.58 -38.48 3238.0 Summit, Greenland BRW 71.32 -156.60 11, Mongolia NWR 40.05 -105.58 3526.0 Niwot Ridge, Colorado, USA AZR 38.77 -27.38 40.0 Terceira Island, Azores, Midway, USA ASK 23.18 5.42 2728.0 Assekrem, Algeria MLO 19.53 -155.58 3397.0 Mauna Loa, Hawai, USA KUM 19

  3. Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources:

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices, Sales Volumes &15.14.298Algeria

  4. Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources:

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices, Sales Volumes &15.14.298AlgeriaArgentina

  5. 3ctab.xlsx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1 Table 1.10 CoolingNotes &* j o n5 1:2:1 Algeria

  6. 3dtab.xlsx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1 Table 1.10 CoolingNotes &* j o n5 1:2:1 AlgeriaQ1

  7. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseAnnual",2014Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseCrude OilCompressed Natural Gas ImportsAlgeria "

  8. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseAnnual",2014Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseCrude OilCompressed Natural Gas ImportsAlgeria

  9. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseAnnual",2014Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseCrude OilCompressed Natural Gas ImportsAlgeriaBrunei "

  10. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseAnnual",2014Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseCrude OilCompressed Natural Gas ImportsAlgeriaBrunei

  11. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseAnnual",2014Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseCrude OilCompressed Natural Gas ImportsAlgeriaBruneiEgypt

  12. Study Design And Realization Of Solar Water Heater

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lounis, M.; Boudjemaa, F.; Akil, S. Kouider

    2011-01-17

    Solar is one of the most easily exploitable energy, it is moreover inexhaustible. His applications are many and are varied. The heating of the domestic water is one of the most immediate, simplest and also of most widespread exploitation of the solar energy. Algeria, from its geographical situation, it deposits one of the largest high sun surface expositions in the world. The exposition duration of the almost territory exceeds 2000 hours annually and can reach the 3900 hours (high plateaus and Sahara). By knowing the daily energy received by 1 m{sup 2} of a horizontal surface of the solar thermal panel is nearly around 1700 KWh/m{sup 2} a year in the north and 2263 KWh/m{sup 2} a year in the south of the country, we release the most important and strategic place of the solar technologies in the present and in the future for Algeria. This work consists to study, conceive and manufacture solar water heating with the available local materials so, this type of the energy will be profitable for all, particularly the poor countries. If we consider the illumination duration of the panel around 6 hours a day, the water heat panel manufactured in our laboratory produce an equivalent energy of 11.615 KWh a day so, 4239 KWh a year. These values of energy can be easily increased with performing the panel manufacture.

  13. Trans-Sahara pipe line would deliver Nigeria gas to Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muenzler, M.H.

    1983-11-01

    Bechtel has made an in-house study of a natural gas transmission line extending from Nigeria to the Mediterranean and then on into Europe. Based upon the analysis, the pipeline project appears sufficiently viable to warrant further study. Perhaps the single most important element in design of pipelines crossing international borders is the political aspects involved in constructing, owning, and operating the line. These considerations not only effect the location of the pipeline, the manner of financing and ownership, but also whether the line will be constructed. The line crosses several international boundaries, depending upon the route selected. Each route crosses Niger. Case A crosses Algeria and into Tunisia where it ultimately would cross the Strait of Sicily into Italy. Case B crosses the Niger- Algerian border and then traverses Algeria to the Mediterranean where it is planned to connect to the Segamo pipeline and to link with the pipeline network in Spain. Case C crosses the countries of Niger, Mali, Mauritania, and into Morocco, and ultimately crosses the Mediterranean Sea close to the Strait of Gibraltar. Nigeria has proven natural gas reserves estimated to range from 2.5 to 4 trillion cu m (38 to 140 tcf).

  14. An Analysis of Toponymic Homonyms in Gazetteers: Country-Level Duplicate Names in the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency’s Geographic Names Data Base 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldwell, Douglas R.

    2008-08-20

    , Thailand, Burma, and Vietnam in the top 25. Outside of Eurasia, Mexico ranked in the top ten and Brazil and Columbia in the top twenty-five. Figure 1. Map of Number of Toponymic Homonyms. Page 6 Rank Country Count Rank Country Count 1 Russia 35392... 14 Poland 5930 2 China 19363 15 South Korea 5559 3 Iran 17386 16 Thailand 5405 4 Indonesia 16504 17 Burma 4844 5 Afghanistan 10461 18 Brazil 4614 6 Pakistan 9221 19 Ukraine 4358 7 Germany 8454 20 Belgium 4181 8 Mexico 8193 21 Peru 3978 9...

  15. Seismicity in Central North Africa at low magnitudes: A first look at the TAM event detected data base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harben, P.E.,

    1997-01-01

    Teleseismic observations of seismicity in the central North Africa region show that the region is aseismic. This is true for earthquakes with a body wave magnitude greater than about 4 or so. For earthquakes with body wave magnitudes substantially below about 4, the teleseismic observations of seismicity in the central Sahara are incomplete since smaller earthquakes would probably not be detected and located by the current teleseismic monitoring networks. Only one known open seismic station has been operating in the central Sahara. This is the Tamanrasset (TAM) seismic station in southern Algeria. A simple analysis of data records from this station can be used to determine if the central Sahara is also relatively aseismic at magnitudes substantially below 4. That is the primary purpose of this study.

  16. High temperature solar thermal technology: The North Africa Market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-12-01

    High temperature solar thermal (HTST) technology offers an attractive option for both industrialized and non-industrialized countries to generate electricity and industrial process steam. The purpose of this report is to assess the potential market for solar thermal applications in the North African countries of Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia. North Africa was selected because of its outstanding solar resource base and the variety of applications to be found there. Diminishing oil and gas resources, coupled with expanding energy needs, opens a large potential market for the US industry. The US high temperature solar trough industry has little competition globally and could build a large market in these areas. The US is already familiar with certain solar markets in North Africa due to the supplying of substantial quantities of US-manufactured flat plate collectors to this region.

  17. LNG imports make strong recovery in 1996; exports increase also

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swain, E.J.

    1998-01-19

    LNG imports to the US jumped in 1996 as Algerian base-load plants resumed operations following major revamps. Exports from Alaska to Japan grew by nearly 4% over 1995. Total LNG imports to the US in 1996 were 40.27 bcf compared to 17.92 bcf in 1995, an increase of 124.8%. Algeria supplied 35.32 bcf; Abu Dhabi, 4.95 bcf. About 82.3% of the imported LNG was received at Distrigas Corp.`s terminal north of Boston. The remaining LNG was received at the Pan National terminal in Lake Charles, LA. LNG imports during 1995 fell to such a low level not because of depressed US demand but because of limited supply. The paper discusses LNG-receiving terminals, base-load producers, LNG pricing, and exports.

  18. U.S. LNG imports 1996--1997 should recover from low 1995 levels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swain, E.J.

    1997-01-27

    Imports of LNG into the US in 1995 were the lowest since 1988, when 17.5 billion cu ft were imported. Total 1995 LNG imported from Algeria was 17.92 bcf compared to 50.78 in 1994, a decrease of 64.7%. About 72% of imported Algerian LNG was received at the Distrigas Corp. terminal north of Boston. The remaining LNG was received at the Trunkline LNG CO. terminal, Lake Charles, La., which was reopened in December 1989. The dramatic decline in LNG imports over the past 2 years (78%) can largely be attributed to Sonatrach`s multiyear renovation project to restore its LNG plants to their original capacities. This major renovation project has resulted in LNG export curtailments to all of its customers. The paper discusses US terminals, base-load producers, LNG pricing, and exports.

  19. Africa: the emphasis is exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-08-15

    Individual country reports on drilling, oil and gas production, and petroleum exploration and reserves are given for Africa. Nigeria was the continent's largest oil producer in 1979, averaging 2.3 million bpd, followed closely by Libya with 2.07 million bpd. Algeria cut production of crude oil in 1979 to a level of 1,194,350 bpd, and increased gas production to 2031 mmcfd. In Egypt, the return of Israeli-occupied oil fields and a surge in productive capacity enabled production averaging 524,000 bpd. Brief country reports are included for Gabon, Angola, Republic of the Congo, Cameroun, Tunisia, Morocco, Zaire, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Niger, Chad, Republic of South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Equatorial Guinea, Seychelles Islands, Mauritania, Republic of Mali, Benin, Kenya, Madagascar, Botswana, Gambia, Mozambique, and Senegal.

  20. Niger, with new oil legislation, offers little drilled acreage for exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruneton, A. (Beicip, Rueil-Malmaison (FR))

    1991-09-16

    This paper reports on the Ministry of Mines and Energy of Niger has released acreage in East Niger to the international oil industry. Four blocks will be opened in a first step with no fixed time schedule for offers. The blocks are largely underexplored and are near significant oil indications. Niger, between Algeria and Nigeria, represents a transitional link between North Africa and Central Africa. The Republic of Niger, with the exception of its capital Niamey, is sparsely populated with 7 million people on a 1.3 million sq mile territory. Easy communications exist with neighboring Nigeria, Mali, and Chad. The arid climate allows for year round working conditions and easy access to opened areas.

  1. Technical Training Workshop on International Safeguards: An Introduction to Safeguards for Emerging Nuclear States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frazar, Sarah L.; Gastelum, Zoe N.; Olson, Jarrod; Mathews, Caroline E.; Solodov, Alexander; Zhernosek, Alena; Raffo-Caiado, Ana; Baldwin, George; Horak, Karl; McClelland-Kerr, John; VanSickle, Matthew; Mininni, Margot; Kovacic, Donald

    2009-10-06

    The U.S. Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) hosted a workshop from May 4-22, 2009, on the fundamental elements of international safeguards. Entitled "A Technical Training Workshop on International Safeguards," the workshop introduced post-graduate students from Malaysia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Thailand, Morocco, Egypt, Algeria and Tunisia to the fundamental issues and best practices associated with international safeguards and encouraged them to explore potential career paths in safeguards. Workshops like these strengthen the international safeguards regime by promoting the development of a "safeguards culture" among young nuclear professionals within nascent nuclear countries. While this concept of safeguards culture is sometimes hard to define and even harder to measure, this paper will demonstrate that the promotion of safeguards cultures through workshops like these justifies the investment of U.S. taxpayer dollars.

  2. Reducing Our Carbon Footprint: A Low-Energy House in Berkeley, Kabul, and Washington DC (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Diamond, Rick

    2011-04-28

    How well can we assess and improve building energy performance in California homes? How much energy-and carbon-do homes use in other parts of the world? Rick Diamond, deputy group leader of the Berkeley Lab Energy Performance of Buildings Group, discusses change, global solutions, and the stories of three houses in Berkeley, Kabul (Afghanistan), and Washington, D.C. Diamond, who is also a senior advisor at the California Institute for Energy and Environment, investigates user interactions with the built environment for improved building energy performance. The group has studied a wide range of issues related to energy use in housing, including duct system efficiency, user behavior, and infiltration and ventilation measurements.

  3. LLNL/LANS mission committee meeting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burns, Michael J

    2010-12-06

    Recent events continue to show the national security imperative of the global security mission: (1) Fighting Proliferation - (a) At Yongbyon, 'a modern, industrial-scale U-enrichment facility w/2000 centrifuges' seen Nov. 2010, (b) In Iran, fueling began at Bushehr while P5+1/lran talks delayed to Dec. 2010; (2) Continuing need to support the warfighter and IC - (a) tensions on the Korean peninsula, (b) primitative IEDs a challenge in Afghanistan, (c) cyber command, (d)another Georgian smuggling event; and (3) Countering terrorisms on US soil - (a) toner cartridge bomb, (b) times square bomb, (c) christmas tree bomb. Joint Technical Operations Team (JTOT) and Accident Response Group (ARG) elements deployed to two East Coast locations in November to work a multi-weapon scenario. LANL provided 70% of on-duty field and reconstitution teams for both Marble Challenge 11-01 and JD 11-01. There were a total of 14 deployments in FY10.

  4. Advances in exposure and toxicity assessment of particulate matter: An overview of presentations at the 2009 Toxicology and Risk Assessment Conference

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gunasekar, Palur G.; Stanek, Lindsay W.

    2011-07-15

    The 2009 Toxicology and Risk Assessment Conference (TRAC) session on 'Advances in Exposure and Toxicity Assessment of Particulate Matter' was held in April 2009 in West Chester, OH. The goal of this session was to bring together toxicology, geology and risk assessment experts from the Department of Defense and academia to examine issues in exposure assessment and report on recent epidemiological findings of health effects associated with particulate matter (PM) exposure. Important aspects of PM exposure research are to detect and monitor low levels of PM with various chemical compositions and to assess the health risks associated with these exposures. As part of the overall theme, some presenters discussed collection methods for sand and dust from Iraqi and Afghanistan regions, health issues among deployed personnel, and future directions for risk assessment research among these populations. The remaining speakers focused on the toxicity of ultrafine PM and the characterization of aerosols generated during ballistic impacts of tungsten heavy alloys.

  5. Cove Point: A step back into the LNG business

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katz, M.G.

    1995-12-31

    In 1978, ships began unloading LNG from Algeria at Cove Point`s berthing facilities 1.25 miles offshore. An underwater pipeline transported the LNG to land, where it was stored in the terminal`s four 140-foot-high cryogenic storage tanks. When the LNG was needed, the terminals 10 vaporizers converted it back to gas for send out via an 87-mile-long, 36-inch-diameter pipeline linking the terminal with interstate pipelines of CNG Transmission Corp. and Columbia Gas Transmission Corp. in Loudon County, Va. But Cove Point handled only about 80 shiploads of LNG before shutting down in December 1980, after a dispute about gas prices between US customers and Algeria. The plant sat dormant until the natural gas industry`s deregulation under Order 636. Deregulation resulted in major pipelines abandoning their sales service, and gas distributors and large customers found it was now their obligation to ensure that they had adequate gas supplies during winter peak-demand periods. Enter Cove Point`s peaking capabilities. They had to add the liquefaction unit and recommission other parts of the plant, but the timing was right. Cove Point`s new liquefaction unit is liquefying about 15 million cubic feet (MMcf) of LNG per day of domestic gas. It chills the gas to {minus}260 degrees Fahrenheit to turn it into a liquid for injection and storage in one of the facility`s double-walled insulated tanks. During its initial injection season, which ends Dec. 15, Cove Point is expected to produce enough LNG to almost fill one tank, which can store up to 1.25 billion cubic feet (Bcf). Were the gas not intended for peak-shaving purposes, it would be enough to supply 14,000 homes for a year. As it is, most of the gas will be returned as pipeline gas, during next January and February`s expected cold snaps, to the utilities and users who supplied it. Cove Point`s initial daily sendout capacity is about 400 MMcf.

  6. Estimating permeability from quasi-static deformation: Temporal variations and arrival time inversion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vasco, D.W.; Ferretti, Alessandro; Novali, Fabrizio

    2008-05-01

    Transient pressure variations within a reservoir can be treated as a propagating front and analyzed using an asymptotic formulation. From this perspective one can define a pressure 'arrival time' and formulate solutions along trajectories, in the manner of ray theory. We combine this methodology and a technique for mapping overburden deformation into reservoir volume change as a means to estimate reservoir flow properties, such as permeability. Given the entire 'travel time' or phase field, obtained from the deformation data, we can construct the trajectories directly, there-by linearizing the inverse problem. A numerical study indicates that, using this approach, we can infer large-scale variations in flow properties. In an application to Interferometric Synthetic Aperture (InSAR) observations associated with a CO{sub 2} injection at the Krechba field, Algeria, we image pressure propagation to the northwest. An inversion for flow properties indicates a linear trend of high permeability. The high permeability correlates with a northwest trending fault on the flank of the anticline which defines the field.

  7. Africa gaining importance in world LPG trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haun, R.R.; Otto, K.W.; Whitley, S.C.

    1997-05-12

    Major LPG projects planned or under way in Africa will increase the importance of that region`s presence in world LPG trade. Supplies will nearly double between 1995 and 2005, at which time they will remain steady for at least 10 years. At the same time that exports are leveling, however, increasing domestic demand for PG is likely to reduce export-market participation by Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, and Libya. The growth of Africa`s participation in world LPG supply is reflected in comparisons for the next 15--20 years. Total world supply of LPG in 1995 was about 165 million metric tons (tonnes), of which Africans share was 7.8 million tonnes. By 2000, world supply will grow to slightly more than 200 million tonnes, with Africa`s share expected to increase to 13.2 million tonnes (6.6%). And by 2005, world LPG supply will reach nearly 230 million tonnes; Africa`s overall supply volumes by that year will be nearly 16.2 million tonnes (7%). World LPG supply for export in 1995 was on order of 44 million tonnes with Africa supply about 4 million tonnes (9%). By 2005, world export volumes of LPG will reach nearly 70 million tonnes; Africa`s share will have grown by nearly 10 million tonnes (14.3%).

  8. World`s LPG supply picture will change by 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    True, W.R.

    1995-11-06

    Middle East LPG producers will continue to dominate world export markets in 1996. Led by Saudi Arabia, the Middle East will produce nearly 26 million metric tons of LPG in million metric tons of LPG in 1996, more than 54% of the world`s almost 48 million metric tons of export LPG. In 2000, however, with world exports of LPG expanding to 58.9 million metric tons, Middle East suppliers; share will have remained flat, making up 31.7 million metric tons, or 53.9%. Saudi Arabia`s contribution will exceed 15 million metric tons, reflecting essentially no growth since 1995. These and other patterns, from data compiled by Purvin and Gertz, Dallas, and published earlier this year, show other suppliers of LPG, especially African (Algeria/Nigeria), North Sea, and Latin American (Venezuela/Argentina), picking up larger shares in the last 5 years of this decade. This scenario assumes completion of several major supply projects that are either panned, under construction, or nearing start up in most of these areas. The paper discusses the global picture, the supply situation in the Middle East, Africa, the North Sea, and South America.

  9. Changing structure of the world refining industry: implications for the United States and other major consuming regions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-02-01

    There are five chapters in this publication. Chapter I on refining industry in transition covers refining history highlights, and OPEC's downstream operations. Chapter II on demand for oil and oil products discusses supply and demand for OPEC oil, demand for oil products, historical growth trends, future growth trends and the case of East Asia - emergence of a fuel oil glut. Chapter III on the US and other traditional refining centers begins with an introduction on the structure of refining and continues on to cover the refining industry in OECD countries, USA, Western Europe, Japan, Singapore and Caribbean and closes with some conclusions. Chapter IV is on refining expansions in OPEC and the third World Nations. The following are covered: (1) nations of the Gulf (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, United Arab Emirates); (2) OPEC members beyond the Gulf (Indonesia, Africa, Libya, Algeria, Nigeria and Gabon, South America, Venezuela); (3) other major exporters (China, Egypt, Malaysia, Mexico); (4) non-OPEC developing countries - trends in the refining sector. The chapter ends with a short summary on capacity prospects and comparative economics. The final chapter has conclusions and recommendations on: price interactions between crude and products; product exports - impact on OPEC's internal; prices and market influence; importers and exporters - decisions; and course of action of the United States. 18 figures, 40 tables.

  10. Multi-criteria decision analysis for waste management in Saharawi refugee camps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garfi, M. [DICMA, University of Bologna, Via Terracini 28, I-40131 Bologna (Italy)], E-mail: marianna.garfi@mail.ing.unibo.it; Tondelli, S. [DAPT, University of Bologna, Viale Risorgimento 4, I-40126 Bologna (Italy); Bonoli, A. [DICMA, University of Bologna, Via Terracini 28, I-40131 Bologna (Italy)

    2009-10-15

    The aim of this paper is to compare different waste management solutions in Saharawi refugee camps (Algeria) and to test the feasibility of a decision-making method developed to be applied in particular conditions in which environmental and social aspects must be considered. It is based on multi criteria analysis, and in particular on the analytic hierarchy process (AHP), a mathematical technique for multi-criteria decision making (Saaty, T.L., 1980. The Analytic Hierarchy Process. McGraw-Hill, New York, USA; Saaty, T.L., 1990. How to Make a Decision: The Analytic Hierarchy Process. European Journal of Operational Research; Saaty, T.L., 1994. Decision Making for Leaders: The Analytic Hierarchy Process in a Complex World. RWS Publications, Pittsburgh, PA), and on participatory approach, focusing on local community's concerns. The research compares four different waste collection and management alternatives: waste collection by using three tipper trucks, disposal and burning in an open area; waste collection by using seven dumpers and disposal in a landfill; waste collection by using seven dumpers and three tipper trucks and disposal in a landfill; waste collection by using three tipper trucks and disposal in a landfill. The results show that the second and the third solutions provide better scenarios for waste management. Furthermore, the discussion of the results points out the multidisciplinarity of the approach, and the equilibrium between social, environmental and technical impacts. This is a very important aspect in a humanitarian and environmental project, confirming the appropriateness of the chosen method.

  11. Interest grows in African oil and gas opportunities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knott, D.

    1997-05-12

    As African countries continue a slow drift towards democratic government and market economics, the continent is increasingly attractive to international oil and gas companies. Though Africa remains politically diverse, and its volatile politics remains a major barrier to petroleum companies, a number of recent developments reflect its growing significance for the industry. Among recent projects and events reflecting changes in Africa: oil and gas exporter Algeria has invited foreign oil companies to help develop major gas discoveries, with a view to boosting exports to Europe; oil and gas producer Egypt invited foreign companies to explore in the Nile Delta region, and the result appears to be a flowering world scale gas play; west African offshore exploration has entered deep water and new areas, and a number of major projects are expected in years to come; Nigeria`s reputation as a difficult place to operate has been justified by recent political and civil events, but a long-planned liquefied natural gas (LNG) export plant is being built there; South Africa, which has returned to the international scene after years of trade isolation because of apartheid, is emerging as a potential driver for energy industry schemes throughout the continent. Activities are discussed.

  12. Scientists train honeybees to detect explosives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2008-03-21

    Members of the Los Alamos National Laboratory Stealthy Insect Sensor Project team have been able to harness the honeybee's exceptional olfactory sense by using the bees' natural reaction to nectar, a proboscis extension reflex (sticking out their tongue) to record an unmistakable response to a scent. Using Pavlovian techniques, researchers were able to train the bees to give a positive detection response via the PER when exposed to vapors from TNT, C4, and TATP explosives. The Stealthy Insect Sensor Project was born out of a global threat from the growing use of improvised explosive devices or IEDs, especially those that present a critical vulnerability for American military troops in Iraq and Afghanistan, and as an emerging danger for civilians worldwide. Current strategies to detect explosives are expensive and, in the case of trained detection dogs, too obtrusive to be used very discreetly. With bees however, they are small and discreet, offering the element of surprise. They're also are inexpensive to maintain and even easier to train than dogs. As a result of this need, initial funding for the work was provided by a development grant from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

  13. Scientists train honeybees to detect explosives

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2014-07-24

    Members of the Los Alamos National Laboratory Stealthy Insect Sensor Project team have been able to harness the honeybee's exceptional olfactory sense by using the bees' natural reaction to nectar, a proboscis extension reflex (sticking out their tongue) to record an unmistakable response to a scent. Using Pavlovian techniques, researchers were able to train the bees to give a positive detection response via the PER when exposed to vapors from TNT, C4, and TATP explosives. The Stealthy Insect Sensor Project was born out of a global threat from the growing use of improvised explosive devices or IEDs, especially those that present a critical vulnerability for American military troops in Iraq and Afghanistan, and as an emerging danger for civilians worldwide. Current strategies to detect explosives are expensive and, in the case of trained detection dogs, too obtrusive to be used very discreetly. With bees however, they are small and discreet, offering the element of surprise. They're also are inexpensive to maintain and even easier to train than dogs. As a result of this need, initial funding for the work was provided by a development grant from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

  14. Unproven screening devices threaten the lives of police and military.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murray, Dale W.

    2010-07-01

    In a world plagued with improvised explosive devices, drugs and dangerous people, the desire to field technology to protect our police and military is providing a fertile market for the proliferation of protection technologies that range from the unproven to the disproven. The market place is currently being flooded with detection equipment making inflated and inaccurate marketing claims of high reliably, high detection probabilities, and ease of operation - all while offering detection capabilities at safe distances. The manufacturers of these devices have found a willing global marketplace, which includes some of the most dangerous places in the world. Despite a wealth of contradictory performance and testing data available on the Internet, sales of these devices remain brisk and profitable. Rather than enhancing the security of police and military personnel, the reliance on these unproven and disproven devices is creating a sense of false security that is actually lowering the safety of front-line forces in places like Iraq and Afghanistan. This paper addresses the development and distribution history of some of these devices and describes the testing performed by Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, and other reputable testing agencies that illustrate the real danger in using this kind of unproven technology.

  15. Nuclear programs in India and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mian, Zia

    2014-05-09

    India and Pakistan launched their respective nuclear programs in the 1940s and 1950s with considerable foreign technical support, especially from the United States Atoms for Peace Program. The technology and training that was acquired served as the platform for later nuclear weapon development efforts that included nuclear weapon testing in 1974 and in 1998 by India, and also in 1998 by Pakistan - which had illicitly acquired uranium enrichment technology especially from Europe and received assistance from China. As of 2013, both India and Pakistan were continuing to produce fissile material for weapons, in the case of India also for nuclear naval fuel, and were developing a diverse array of ballistic and cruise missiles. International efforts to restrain the South Asian nuclear build-up have been largely set aside over the past decade as Pakistani support became central for the U.S. war in Afghanistan and as U.S. geopolitical and economic interests in supporting the rise of India, in part as a counter to China, led to India being exempted both from U.S non-proliferation laws and international nuclear trade guidelines. In the absence of determined international action and with Pakistan blocking the start of talks on a fissile material cutoff treaty, nuclear weapon programs in South Asia are likely to keep growing for the foreseeable future.

  16. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.Ch.

    1985-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984, an increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North Africa ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was up 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries.

  17. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1985-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984. An increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North America ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries. 9 figures, 27 tables.

  18. Latest Jurassic-early Cretaceous regressive facies, northeast Africa craton

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    van Houten, F.B.

    1980-06-01

    Nonmarine to paralic detrital deposits accumulated in six large basins between Algeria and the Arabo-Nubian shield during major regression in latest Jurassic and Early Cretaceous time. The Ghadames Sirte (north-central Libya), and Northern (Egypt) basins lay along the cratonic margin of northeastern Africa. The Murzuk, Kufra, and Southern (Egypt) basins lay in the south within the craton. Data for reconstructing distribution, facies, and thickness of relevant sequences are adequate for the three northern basins only. High detrital influx near the end of Jurassic time and in mid-Cretaceous time produced regressive nubian facies composed largely of low-sinuosity stream and fahdelta deposits. In the west and southwest the Ghadames, Murzuk, and Kufra basins were filled with a few hundred meters of detritus after long-continued earlier Mesozoic aggradation. In northern Egypt the regressive sequence succeeded earlier Mesozoic marine sedimentation; in the Sirte and Southern basins correlative deposits accumulated on Precambrian and Variscan terranes after earlier Mesozoic uplift and erosion. Waning of detrital influx into southern Tunisia and adjacent Libya in the west and into Israel in the east initiated an Albian to early Cenomanian transgression of Tethys. By late Cenomanian time it had flooded the entire cratonic margin, and spread southward into the Murzuk and Southern basins, as well as onto the Arabo-Nubian shield. Latest Jurassic-earliest Cretaceous, mid-Cretaceous, and Late Cretaceous transgressions across northeastern Africa recorded in these sequences may reflect worldwide eustatic sea-level rises. In contrast, renewed large supply of detritus during each regression and a comparable subsidence history of intracratonic and marginal basins imply regional tectonic control. 6 figures.

  19. Tropical Africa: Land use, biomass, and carbon estimates for 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.; Gaston, G.; Daniels, R.C.

    1996-06-01

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980 and describes a methodology that may be used to extend this data set to 1990 and beyond based on population and land cover data. The biomass data and carbon estimates are for woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with the possible magnitude of historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth`s land surface and includes those countries that for the most part are located in Tropical Africa. Countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea and in southern Africa (i.e., Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Western Sahara) have maximum potential biomass and land cover information but do not have biomass or carbon estimate. The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{sup TM} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass-carbon values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  20. Science and Technology in Support of U.S. Policy in Central Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapp, R B

    2003-11-04

    The current war with Iraq, international interventions in Afghanistan, and the continuous and seemingly insolvable problems in the Middle East emphasize the importance of supporting stable, healthy countries throughout the Middle East and South and Central Asia. The political alliances and foreign aid promulgated by the Cold War have been seriously strained, creating a more uncertain and unstable international environment. We must stay engaged with this part of the world. New partnerships must be forged. Central Asia represents a mix of political systems - from totalitarian rule to nascent democracy; of economic resources from natural to human; and of cultures from ancient to modern - making it of strategic importance to U. S. national and economic security. The U.S. must remain committed and proactively engaged in the region to promote open and democratic societies attractive to outside investment and to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and extremist groups. The U.S is admired for its science and technology and its flexibility in innovation and applying S&T to solve problems. The inherent value that S&T can contribute to advancing U.S. policy goals is the underlying assumption of this report. Science and technology and their applications have much to contribute to social, economic, and environmental sustainability and, therefore, provide a strong foundation for helping the U.S. to implement its policies abroad. The application of concepts such as competition and peer review, open sharing of scientific information through the use of the internet and other information technologies, and the development of international scientific collaborations and networks, can make major contributions to healthy and stable societies in Central Asia. U.S. scientific and technical know-how has much to contribute to U.S. policy goals and easing regional tensions. Science and technology truly can build bridges between nations and cultures while serving the societies in them.

  1. Area 2: Inexpensive Monitoring and Uncertainty Assessment of CO2 Plume Migration using Injection Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Srinivasan, Sanjay

    2014-09-30

    In-depth understanding of the long-term fate of CO? in the subsurface requires study and analysis of the reservoir formation, the overlaying caprock formation, and adjacent faults. Because there is significant uncertainty in predicting the location and extent of geologic heterogeneity that can impact the future migration of CO? in the subsurface, there is a need to develop algorithms that can reliably quantify this uncertainty in plume migration. This project is focused on the development of a model selection algorithm that refines an initial suite of subsurface models representing the prior uncertainty to create a posterior set of subsurface models that reflect injection performance consistent with that observed. Such posterior models can be used to represent uncertainty in the future migration of the CO? plume. Because only injection data is required, the method provides a very inexpensive method to map the migration of the plume and the associated uncertainty in migration paths. The model selection method developed as part of this project mainly consists of assessing the connectivity/dynamic characteristics of a large prior ensemble of models, grouping the models on the basis of their expected dynamic response, selecting the subgroup of models that most closely yield dynamic response closest to the observed dynamic data, and finally quantifying the uncertainty in plume migration using the selected subset of models. The main accomplishment of the project is the development of a software module within the SGEMS earth modeling software package that implements the model selection methodology. This software module was subsequently applied to analyze CO? plume migration in two field projects – the In Salah CO? Injection project in Algeria and CO? injection into the Utsira formation in Norway. These applications of the software revealed that the proxies developed in this project for quickly assessing the dynamic characteristics of the reservoir were highly efficient and yielded accurate grouping of reservoir models. The plume migration paths probabilistically assessed by the method were confirmed by field observations and auxiliary data. The report also documents the application of the software to answer practical questions such as the optimum location of monitoring wells to reliably assess the migration of CO? plume, the effect of CO?-rock interactions on plume migration and the ability to detect the plume under those conditions and the effect of a slow, unresolved leak on the predictions of plume migration.

  2. The geomechanics of CO{sub 2} storage in deep sedimentary formations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rutqvist, J.

    2011-11-01

    This paper provides a review of the geomechanics and modeling of geomechanics associated with geologic carbon storage (GCS), focusing on storage in deep sedimentary formations, in particular saline aquifers. The paper first introduces the concept of storage in deep sedimentary formations, the geomechanical processes and issues related with such an operation, and the relevant geomechanical modeling tools. This is followed by a more detailed review of geomechanical aspects, including reservoir stress-strain and microseismicity, well integrity, caprock sealing performance, and the potential for fault reactivation and notable (felt) seismic events. Geomechanical observations at current GCS field deployments, mainly at the In Salah CO2 storage project in Algeria, are also integrated into the review. The In Salah project, with its injection into a relatively thin, low-permeability sandstone is an excellent analogue to the saline aquifers that might be used for large scale GCS in parts of Northwest Europe, the U.S. Midwest, and China. Some of the lessons learned at In Salah related to geomechanics are discussed, including how monitoring of geomechanical responses is used for detecting subsurface geomechanical changes and tracking fluid movements, and how such monitoring and geomechanical analyses have led to preventative changes in the injection parameters. Recently, the importance of geomechanics has become more widely recognized among GCS stakeholders, especially with respect to the potential for triggering notable (felt) seismic events and how such events could impact the long-term integrity of a CO{sub 2} repository (as well as how it could impact the public perception of GCS). As described in the paper, to date, no notable seismic event has been reported from any of the current CO{sub 2} storage projects, although some unfelt microseismic activities have been detected by geophones. However, potential future commercial GCS operations from large power plants will require injection at a much larger scale. For such largescale injections, a staged, learn-as-you-go approach is recommended, involving a gradual increase of injection rates combined with continuous monitoring of geomechanical changes, as well as siting beneath a multiple layered overburden for multiple flow barrier protection, should an unexpected deep fault reactivation occur.

  3. Protein and microRNA biomarkers from lavage, urine, and serum in military personnel evaluated for dyspnea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Joseph N. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Brewer, Heather M. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Nicora, Carrie D. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Weitz, Karl K. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Morris, Michael J. [San Antonio Military Medical Center, San Antonio, TX (United States); Skabelund, Andrew J. [San Antonio Military Medical Center, San Antonio, TX (United States); Adkins, Joshua N. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Smith, Richard D. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Cho, Ji -Hoon [Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA (United States); Gelinas, Richard [Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA (United States)

    2014-10-05

    Background: We have identified candidate protein and microRNA (miRNA) biomarkers for dyspnea by studying serum, lavage fluid, and urine from military personnel who reported serious respiratory symptoms after they were deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan. Methods: Forty-seven soldiers with the complaint of dyspnea who enrolled in the STudy of Active Duty Military Personnel for Environmental Dust Exposure (STAMPEDE) underwent comprehensive pulmonary evaluations at the San Antonio Military Medical Center. The evaluation included fiber-optic bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage. The clinical findings from the STAMPEDE subjects pointed to seven general underlying diagnoses or findings including airway hyperreactivity, asthma, low diffusivity of carbon monoxide, and abnormal cell counts. The largest category was undiagnosed. As an exploratory study, not a classification study, we profiled proteins or miRNAs in lavage fluid, serum, or urine in this group to look for any underlying molecular patterns that might lead to biomarkers. Proteins in lavage fluid and urine were identified by accurate mass tag (database-driven) proteomics methods while miRNAs were profiled by a hybridization assay applied to serum, urine, and lavage fluid. Results: Over seventy differentially expressed proteins were reliably identified both from lavage and from urine in forty-eight dyspnea subjects compared to fifteen controls with no known lung disorder. Six of these proteins were detected both in urine and lavage. One group of subjects was distinguished from controls by expressing a characteristic group of proteins. A related group of dyspnea subjects expressed a unique group of miRNAs that included one miRNA that was differentially overexpressed in all three fluids studied. The levels of several miRNAs also showed modest but direct associations with several standard clinical measures of lung health such as forced vital capacity or gas exchange efficiency. Conclusions: Candidate proteins and miRNAs associated with the general diagnosis of dyspnea have been identified in subjects with differing medical diagnoses. Since these markers can be measured in readily obtained clinical samples, further studies are possible that test the value of these findings in more formal classification or case–control studies in much larger cohorts of subjects with specific lung diseases such as asthma, emphysema, or some other well-defined lung disease.

  4. Protein and microRNA biomarkers from lavage, urine, and serum in military personnel evaluated for dyspnea

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Brown, Joseph N.; Brewer, Heather M.; Nicora, Carrie D.; Weitz, Karl K.; Morris, Michael J.; Skabelund, Andrew J.; Adkins, Joshua N.; Smith, Richard D.; Cho, Ji -Hoon; Gelinas, Richard

    2014-10-05

    Background: We have identified candidate protein and microRNA (miRNA) biomarkers for dyspnea by studying serum, lavage fluid, and urine from military personnel who reported serious respiratory symptoms after they were deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan. Methods: Forty-seven soldiers with the complaint of dyspnea who enrolled in the STudy of Active Duty Military Personnel for Environmental Dust Exposure (STAMPEDE) underwent comprehensive pulmonary evaluations at the San Antonio Military Medical Center. The evaluation included fiber-optic bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage. The clinical findings from the STAMPEDE subjects pointed to seven general underlying diagnoses or findings including airway hyperreactivity, asthma, low diffusivity of carbonmore »monoxide, and abnormal cell counts. The largest category was undiagnosed. As an exploratory study, not a classification study, we profiled proteins or miRNAs in lavage fluid, serum, or urine in this group to look for any underlying molecular patterns that might lead to biomarkers. Proteins in lavage fluid and urine were identified by accurate mass tag (database-driven) proteomics methods while miRNAs were profiled by a hybridization assay applied to serum, urine, and lavage fluid. Results: Over seventy differentially expressed proteins were reliably identified both from lavage and from urine in forty-eight dyspnea subjects compared to fifteen controls with no known lung disorder. Six of these proteins were detected both in urine and lavage. One group of subjects was distinguished from controls by expressing a characteristic group of proteins. A related group of dyspnea subjects expressed a unique group of miRNAs that included one miRNA that was differentially overexpressed in all three fluids studied. The levels of several miRNAs also showed modest but direct associations with several standard clinical measures of lung health such as forced vital capacity or gas exchange efficiency. Conclusions: Candidate proteins and miRNAs associated with the general diagnosis of dyspnea have been identified in subjects with differing medical diagnoses. Since these markers can be measured in readily obtained clinical samples, further studies are possible that test the value of these findings in more formal classification or case–control studies in much larger cohorts of subjects with specific lung diseases such as asthma, emphysema, or some other well-defined lung disease.« less

  5. The structures of marialite (Me[subscript 6]) and meionite (Me[subscript 93]) in space groups P4[subscript 2]/n and I4/m, and the absence of phase transitions in the scapolite series

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Antao, Sytle M.; Hassan, Ishmael (West Indies) [West Indies; (Calgary)

    2014-05-28

    The crystal structures of marialite (Me{sub 6}) from Badakhshan, Afghanistan and meionite (Me{sub 93}) from Mt. Vesuvius, Italy were obtained using synchrotron high-resolution powder X-ray diffraction (HRPXRD) data and Rietveld structure refinements. Their structures were refined in space groups I4/m and P42/n, and similar results were obtained. The Me{sub 6} sample has a formula Ca{sub 0.24}Na{sub 3.37}K{sub 0.24}[Al{sub 3.16}Si{sub 8.84}O{sub 24}]Cl{sub 0.84}(CO{sub 3}){sub 0.15}, and its unit-cell parameters are a = 12.047555(7), c = 7.563210(6) {angstrom}, and V = 1097.751(1) {angstrom}{sup 3}. The average (T1-O) distances are 1.599(1) {angstrom} in I4/m and 1.600(2) {angstrom} in P4{sub 2}/n, indicating that the T1 site contains only Si atoms. In P4{sub 2}/n, the average distances of (T2-O) = 1.655(2) and (T3-O) = 1.664(2) {angstrom} are distinct and are not equal to each other. However, the mean (T2,3-O) = 1.659(2) {angstrom} in P4{sub 2}/n and is identical to the (T2-O) = 1.659(1) {angstrom} in I4/m. The (M-O) [7] = 2.754(1) {angstrom} (M site is coordinated to seven framework O atoms) and M-A = 2.914(1) {angstrom}; these distances are identical in both space groups. The Me{sub 93} sample has a formula of Na{sub 0.29}Ca{sub 3.76}[Al{sub 5.54}Si{sub 6.46}O{sub 24}]Cl{sub 0.05}(SO{sub 4}){sub 0.02}(CO{sub 3}){sub 0.93}, and its unit-cell parameters are a = 12.19882(1), c = 7.576954(8) {angstrom}, and V = 1127.535(2) {angstrom}{sup 3}. A similar examination of the Me{sub 93} sample also shows that both space groups give similar results; however, the C-O distance is more reasonable in P4{sub 2}/n than in I4/m. Refining the scapolite structure near Me{sub 0} or Me{sub 100} in I4/m forces the T2 and T3 sites (both with multiplicity 8 in P4{sub 2}/n) to be equivalent and form the T2' site (with multiplicity 16 in I4/m), but (T2-O) is not equal to (T3-O) in P4{sub 2}/n. Using different space groups for different regions across the series implies phase transitions, which do not occur in the scapolite series.

  6. Retrofiting survivability of military vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Canavan, Gregory H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    In Iraq the terrain was such that vehicles could be distributed horizontally, which reduced the effectiveness of mines. In the mountainous terrain of Pakistan and Afghanistan vehicles are forced to use the few, passable roads, which are dirt and easily seeded with plentiful, cheap, intelligent mines. It is desirable to reduce the losses to such mines, preferably by retrofit means that do not greatly increase weight or cost or reduce maneuverability. V-bottom vehicles - A known approach to reducing vulnerability is the Buffalo, a large vehicle developed by South Africa to address mine warfare. It has large tires, high axles, and a reinforced, v-shaped bottom that deflects the blast from explosions below. It is developed and tested in combat, but is expensive and has reduced off-road mobility. The domestic MRAP has similar cost and mobility issue. The addition of v-shaped blast deflectors to vehicles such as Humvees could act much as the deflector on a Buffalo, but a Humvee is closer to the ground, so the explosive's expansion would be reduced. The deflector would also reduce a Humvee's clearance for rough terrain, and a deflector of adequate thickness to address the blast by itself could further increase cost and reduce mobility. Reactive armor is developed and has proven effective against shaped and explosive charges from side or top attack. It detects their approach, detonates, and defeats them by interfering with jet formation. If the threat was a shaped charge from below, they would be a logical choice. But the bulk of the damage to Humvees appears to be from the blast from high explosive mines for which the colliding shock from reactive armor could increase that from the explosive. Porous materials such as sand can strongly attenuate the kinetic energy and pressure of a strong shock. Figure 1 shows the kinetic energy (KE), momentum (Mu), velocity (u), and mass (M) of a spherically expanding shock as functions of radius for a material with a porosity of 0.5. Over the range from 0.5 to 4.5 cm the shock KE is attenuated by a factor of {approx}70, while its momentum is changed little. The shock and particle velocity falls by a factor of 200 while the mass increases by a factor of 730. In the limit of very porous media u {approx} 1/M, so KE {approx} 1/M, which falls by a factor of {approx}600, while momentum Mu does not change at all. Figure 2 shows the KE, Mu, u, and M for a material with a porosity of 1.05, for which the KE changes little. In the limit of media of very low porosity, u {approx} 1/{radical}M, so KE is constant while Mu {approx} {radical}M, which increases by a factor of 15. Thus, if the goal is to reduce the peak pressure from strong explosions below, very porous materials, which strongly reduce pressure but do not increase momentum, are preferred to non-porous materials, which amplify momentum but do not decrease pressure. These predictions are in qualitative accord with the results of experiments at Los Alamos in which projectiles from high velocity, large caliber cannons were stopped by one to two sandbags. The studies were performed primarily to determine the effectiveness of sand in stopping fragments of various sizes, but could be extended to study sand's effectiveness in attenuating blast pressure. It would also be useful to test the above predictions on the effectiveness of media with higher porosity. Water barriers have been discussed but not deployed in previous retrofit survivability studies for overseas embassies. They would detect the flash from the mine detonation below, trigger a thin layer of explosive above a layer of water, and drive water droplets into the approaching blast wave. The blast loses energy in evaporating the droplets and loses momentum in slowing them. Under favorable conditions that could attenuate the pressure in the blast enough to prevent the penetration or disruption of the vehicle. However, such barriers would depend on prompt and reliable detonation detection and water droplet dispersal, which have not been tested. There is a large literature on the theoretical effec