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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "affecting inefficient state-owned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Electricity privatization : should South Korea privatize its state-owned electric utility?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The state-owned electric utility, Korea Electricity Power Cooperation (KEPCO), privatization has been a key word in South Korea since 1997, when the government received $55 billion from the International Monetary Fund in ...

Lim, Sungmin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Cost Containment Through Energy Efficiency in Texas State-Owned Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"The Energy Cost Containment Through Energy Efficiency" in Texas State-owned buildings project was begun in the spring of 1984 as a part of a multipronged effort to reduce rising energy costs in State operations. Energy audits of 21 million square...

Ponder, W. M.; Verdict, M. E.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Productivity and labor management in Shanghai state-owned industrial enterprises  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

., China's Industrial Revolution ; Brugger, William, Democracy & Organization in the Chinese IndustrialProductivity and labor management in Shanghai state-owned industrial enterprises Christian HENRIOT picture of the state of national industries. It became clear to the Chinese leaders that their past

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

4

Understanding the thermodynamic inefficiencies in combustion processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The thermodynamic inefficiencies associated with any energy conversion process are expressed by the exergy destruction and the exergy losses associated with the process. Combustion processes exhibit very high thermodynamic inefficiencies caused by chemical reaction, heat transfer, friction, and mixing. In this paper, we discuss how to estimate the thermodynamic inefficiencies resulting from each one of these sources. The thermodynamic evaluation can be conducted with the aid of either a conventional exergetic analysis or an advanced one. The latter allows estimation of the potential for improvement of the process being considered and demonstrates the interactions among the components of the system in which combustion takes place. The paper discusses how advanced exergy-based evaluations can be used to reduce the thermodynamic inefficiencies, costs, and environmental impacts associated with energy conversion systems including combustion processes.

George Tsatsaronis; Tatiana Morosuk; Daniela Koch; Max Sorgenfrei

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Estimating the benefits of recreation-oriented management in state-owned commercial forests in Finland: A choice experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract As forestlands provide a variety of environmental services, the management of forest resources is a matter of public concern. In the present case of state-owned commercial forests in Finland, legislation requires specific management practices to enhance recreational benefits free of charge to the public. This choice experiment considers Finnish people's valuation of the recreation-oriented management of state-owned commercial forests to evaluate whether the recreational benefits produced justify the related loss of profits from timber sales. We focus on three management attributes: scenic buffer zones along lakes and rivers, habitats for game birds, and the quality of scenery as reflected by the frequency of clear-cut areas along hiking trails. Marginal willingness-to-pay (WTP) effects for the attributes are estimated with random parameters logit models specified in the WTP space, while preference-space models are used to estimate in physical terms the attribute levels that maximize the benefits to the public. Despite regional differences in preferences, people in all parts of Finland valued the current recreation-oriented management of state-owned commercial forests considerably. Nationwide, the aggregate benefits of recreation-enhancing management clearly exceeded the estimated opportunity costs. The most preferred levels of management attributes were slightly above the current levels, suggesting an increase in the provision of recreational services when not considering the associated costs.

Artti Juutinen; Anna-Kaisa Kosenius; Ville Ovaskainen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Inefficient Vehicle Fee  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Fuel Inefficient Fuel Inefficient Vehicle Fee to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Inefficient Vehicle Fee on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Inefficient Vehicle Fee on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Inefficient Vehicle Fee on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Inefficient Vehicle Fee on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Inefficient Vehicle Fee on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Inefficient Vehicle Fee on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Fuel Inefficient Vehicle Fee New passenger vehicles meeting one of the following criteria are subject to an additional fee payable to the New Jersey Motor Vehicle Commission:

7

Arizona: Solar Panels Replace Inefficient Fossil Fuel-Powered...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Arizona: Solar Panels Replace Inefficient Fossil Fuel-Powered Energy Systems Arizona: Solar Panels Replace Inefficient Fossil Fuel-Powered Energy Systems May 1, 2014 - 9:33am...

8

Reducing emissions by addressing steam turbine inefficiencies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that inefficient steam turbines increase fossil plant emissions because additional fuel must be burned to meet the power output requirements. During a turbine outage, plant performance and maintenance staff make and prioritize repair decisions within tight time and budget constraints. This paper describes how Georgia Power identifies performance losses of degraded components in the steam path and determines their impact on heat rate. Turbine performance is assessed by a steam path audit program that Encotech has developed and make available to utilities. Georgia Power has conducted several operating tests that give good correlation with audit results. Georgia Power uses the audit information to make the most cost-effective repairs to maintain a low heat rate and to reduce emissions. The Clean Air Act presents electric utilities with the challenge of reducing emissions from fossil plants in the most cost-effective way possible. Meeting the stack emissions limitations often translates to large capital expenditures and increased cycle heat rate. One resource the electric utilities have to reduce the costly impact of compliance with the Clean Air Act is control over the efficiency of their steam turbines.

Harris, J.C. (Georgia Power Co., Atlanta, GA (United States)); Cioffi, D.H. (Encotech, Inc., Schenectady, NY (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Energy Harvesting Broadcast Channel with Inefficient Energy Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Harvesting Broadcast Channel with Inefficient Energy Storage Kaya Tutuncuoglu Aylin Yener with an energy harvesting transmitter equipped with an inefficient energy storage device. For this setting by the energy harvesting process. The convexity of the capacity region for the energy harvesting broadcast

Yener, Aylin

10

Detecting Inefficient API Usage David Kawrykow and Martin P. Robillard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detecting Inefficient API Usage David Kawrykow and Martin P. Robillard School of Computer Science (APIs). We have observed many cases where APIs are used in ways that are not efficient. We developed a technique to automatically detect inefficient API usage in software projects. The main hypothesis underlying

Robillard, Martin

11

Appendices of an appraisal for the use of geothermal energy in state-owned buildings in Colorado. Section B: Buena Vista  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two state-owned building complexes have been evaluated for the use of geothermal energy within the vicinity of Buena Vista: the Colorado State Reformatory south of Buena Vista and the State Highway Department Building in downtown Buena Vista. The following are included: resource assessment for the Buena Vista area, building retrofit engineering for the two buildings, economic evaluations, institutional requirements, and environmental considerations. (MHR)

Meyer, R.T.; Coe, B.A.; Dick, J.D.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

DOE Energy Star Testing Reveals Inefficient ASKO Dishwasher | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Star Testing Reveals Inefficient ASKO Dishwasher Energy Star Testing Reveals Inefficient ASKO Dishwasher DOE Energy Star Testing Reveals Inefficient ASKO Dishwasher June 1, 2010 - 2:07pm Addthis DOE testing in support of the Energy Star program has revealed that an ASKO dishwasher (model D5122XXLB), which the company had claimed was Energy Star compliant, consumes more energy than permitted by the Energy Star program. Test results for the ASKO model at issue show that, when tested in accordance with DOE's test procedure, it consumed 12 percent more energy than the Energy Star requirement. Based on this testing, DOE is referring ASKO Model D5122XXLB to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for appropriate action with respect to the Energy Star program. DOE's testing revealed that dishwasher model D5122XXLB also may not meet

13

Rural Microfinance Service Delivery: Gaps, Inefficiencies and Emerging Solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rural Microfinance Service Delivery: Gaps, Inefficiencies and Emerging Solutions Tapan S. Parikh emerged as one of the most promising avenues for stimulating rural economic devel- opment through local enterprise. In this paper we will discuss some of the major technology gaps faced by rural microfinance

Parikh, Tapan S.

14

Inefficient eight-port homodyne detection and covariant phase space observables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the quantum optical eight-port homodyne detection scheme in the case that each of the associated photon detectors is assigned with a different quantum efficiency. We give a mathematically rigorous and strictly quantum mechanical proof of the fact that the measured observable (positive operator measure) in the high-amplitude limit is a smearing of the covariant phase space observable related to the ideal measurement. The result is proved for an arbitary parameter field. Furthermore, we investigate some properties of the measured observable. In particular, we show that the state distinguishing power of the observable is not affected by detector inefficiencies.

Pekka Lahti; Juha-Pekka Pellonpää; Jussi Schultz

2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

15

DOE Orders AeroSys to Halt Distribution of Inefficient Air Conditioner...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Orders AeroSys to Halt Distribution of Inefficient Air Conditioner and Heat Pump Models DOE Orders AeroSys to Halt Distribution of Inefficient Air Conditioner and Heat Pump Models...

16

niscent of the early stages of the industrial revolution, when inefficient factories pollut-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

niscent of the early stages of the industrial revolution, when inefficient factories pollut- ed environment.However,agreenerrevolution is also needed -- a revolution that incorpo- rates accumulated

Wolfe, Cecily J.

17

DOE Orders AeroSys to Halt Distribution of Inefficient Air Conditioner...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Orders AeroSys to Halt Distribution of Inefficient Air Conditioner and Heat Pump Models Shown to Violate Minimum Efficiency Standards DOE Orders AeroSys to Halt Distribution of...

18

DOE Orders AeroSys to Halt Distribution of Inefficient Air Conditioner and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Orders AeroSys to Halt Distribution of Inefficient Air Orders AeroSys to Halt Distribution of Inefficient Air Conditioner and Heat Pump Models DOE Orders AeroSys to Halt Distribution of Inefficient Air Conditioner and Heat Pump Models March 30, 2010 - 10:05am Addthis Today, the Department of Energy announced that it is requiring AeroSys, Inc. to stop distributing two product models - one air conditioner and one heat pump - that DOE testing found to consume more energy than allowed under federal efficiency standards. This is the latest step in the Department's investigation into whether AeroSys has been selling products in the U.S. that violate minimum appliance efficiency standards. This is the first time that the Department of Energy has told a company or manufacturer that it must halt the distribution of products that fail to

19

DOE Requires Air-Con International to Cease Sales of Inefficient Air  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Requires Air-Con International to Cease Sales of Inefficient Requires Air-Con International to Cease Sales of Inefficient Air Conditioners and Proposes Penalties DOE Requires Air-Con International to Cease Sales of Inefficient Air Conditioners and Proposes Penalties September 21, 2010 - 6:43pm Addthis The Department has issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination and Proposed Civil Penalty to Air-Con, International, requiring Air-Con to cease the sale of certain air-conditioning systems in the United States and proposing a civil penalty of $231,090 for sales of these products in violation of the applicable energy efficiency standards. This action reflects the Department's continued commitment to act aggressively to remove unlawful products from the market. In March, 2010, the Department issued a subpoena requiring Air-Con to

20

DOE Orders AeroSys to Halt Distribution of Inefficient Air Conditioner and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Orders AeroSys to Halt Distribution of Inefficient Air Orders AeroSys to Halt Distribution of Inefficient Air Conditioner and Heat Pump Models DOE Orders AeroSys to Halt Distribution of Inefficient Air Conditioner and Heat Pump Models March 30, 2010 - 10:05am Addthis Today, the Department of Energy announced that it is requiring AeroSys, Inc. to stop distributing two product models - one air conditioner and one heat pump - that DOE testing found to consume more energy than allowed under federal efficiency standards. This is the latest step in the Department's investigation into whether AeroSys has been selling products in the U.S. that violate minimum appliance efficiency standards. This is the first time that the Department of Energy has told a company or manufacturer that it must halt the distribution of products that fail to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "affecting inefficient state-owned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Oh, the Joys of Energy-Inefficient Smartphone Ownership! | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Oh, the Joys of Energy-Inefficient Smartphone Ownership! Oh, the Joys of Energy-Inefficient Smartphone Ownership! Oh, the Joys of Energy-Inefficient Smartphone Ownership! August 22, 2011 - 1:23pm Addthis Elizabeth Spencer Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory So, I recently purchased my first smartphone. For the most part, I love the daylights out of it. But you know what? Its battery life is horrible. Smartphones take a lot of charging. I was horrified when one of my friends got a smartphone about a year ago and promptly announced that his phone couldn't survive a full 24 hours without a charge. I clearly wasn't that horrified, though, because mine isn't that much better. During my first day at work, my smartphone promptly wore its battery down to nearly nothing. (And I wasn't actually using it at work, I swear! It was just sitting

22

DOE Orders AeroSys to Halt Distribution of Inefficient Air Conditioner and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Orders AeroSys to Halt Distribution of Inefficient Air Orders AeroSys to Halt Distribution of Inefficient Air Conditioner and Heat Pump Models Shown to Violate Minimum Efficiency Standards DOE Orders AeroSys to Halt Distribution of Inefficient Air Conditioner and Heat Pump Models Shown to Violate Minimum Efficiency Standards March 30, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Today, the Department of Energy announced that it is requiring AeroSys, Inc. to stop distributing two product models - one air conditioner and one heat pump - that DOE testing found to consume more energy than allowed under federal efficiency standards. This is the latest step in the Department's investigation into whether AeroSys has been selling products in the U.S. that violate minimum appliance efficiency standards. This is the first time that the Department of Energy has told a

23

Root causes of frustrations and inefficiency must be solved with needed foundation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Root causes of frustrations and inefficiency must be solved with needed foundation. Build the Foundation Roadmap: From the Ground Up OpenMSU Work Efficiency Job Satisfaction Lay the Cornerstones Fix Process Pains Add Finish Work Certain cornerstones are needed, based on foundation, before processes can

Maxwell, Bruce D.

24

Explaining Recent Connecticut Bank Failures: Did Managerial Inefficiency Play a Role  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Explaining Recent Connecticut Bank Failures: Did Managerial Inefficiency Play a Role Stephen M. Miller The University of Connecticut and Athanasios G. Noulas* University of Macedonia August 1998 important questions about bank performance. We develop a failure-prediction model for Connecticut banks

Ahmad, Sajjad

25

METRIC: Tracking Down Inefficiencies in the Memory Hierarchy via Binary Rewriting Jaydeep Marathe 1 , Frank Mueller 1 , Tushar Mohan 2 ,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Raleigh, NC 27695­7534 Salt Lake City, UT 84112 Ithaca, NY 14853 L­561, Livermore, CA 94551 mueller inefficiencies by examining data traces. METRIC is designed to alter the performance be­ havior of applications in this paper. First, we present meth­ ods to extract partial data traces from running applications by observing

Mueller, Frank

26

Inefficient subsidy in Nigerian oil sector; implications for revenue generation and household welfare in Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Subsidy exists when consumers are assisted by the government to pay less than the prevailing market price of a given commodity. In respect of fuel subsidy, it means that consumers would pay below the market price per litre of petroleum product. This paper is aim at analysing the effects of the increase in energy prices on the social welfare of Nigerian households and comparing the consequences with the condition in which in concurrence with increase in energy prices, the government undertakes transfer payments to Nigerian households in order to protect their social welfare status. An analytical reasoning model was adopted and within the framework of this model the effects of increase in energy price on social welfare is discussed. Decrease in energy subsidies and a shift towards market prices will result in a lower budget deficit for the government and powerfully harness one of the main causes of inflation. However, if the elimination of subsidies be accompanied by transfer payments to households, the result is increase in the government budget deficit which in its turn will enhance inflation thus very negatively affecting social welfare.

Benjamin Anabori Mmadu; David Chuks Akan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

"Zombie" Servers and Inefficiency Drive Energy Waste at Data Centers1 U.S. server facilities are riddled with underused machines, report says.2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

progress in this area, some using upgraded systems that can generate power from waste heat or use outside"Zombie" Servers and Inefficiency Drive Energy Waste at Data Centers1 U.S. server facilities waste documented in a report about U.S. data centers released Tuesday by the Natural8 Resources Defense

South Bohemia, University of

28

Neutrino and Cosmic-Ray Emission and Cumulative Background from Radiatively Inefficient Accretion Flows in Low-Luminosity Active Galactic Nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study high-energy neutrino and cosmic-ray (CR) emission from the cores of low-luminosity active galactic nuclei (LLAGN). In LLAGN, the thermalization of particles is expected to be incomplete in radiatively inefficient accretion flows (RIAFs), allowing the existence of non-thermal particles. In this work, assuming stochastic particle acceleration due to turbulence in RIAFs, we solve the Fokker-Planck equation and calculate spectra of escaping neutrinos and CRs. The RIAF in LLAGN can emit CR protons with $\\gtrsim10$ PeV energies and TeV-PeV neutrinos generated via $pp$ and/or $p\\gamma$ reactions. We find that, if $\\sim1$% of the accretion luminosity is carried away by non-thermal ions, the diffuse neutrino intensity from the cores of LLAGN may be as high as $E_\

Shigeo S. Kimura; Kohta Murase; Kenji Toma

2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

29

TOWARDS AFFECTIVE ALGORITHMIC COMPOSITION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TOWARDS AFFECTIVE ALGORITHMIC COMPOSITION Duncan Williams* , Alexis Kirke* , Eduardo Reck Miranda are driving an emerging field: affective algorithmic composition. Strate- gies for algorithmic composition within the last decade) implementing systems for algorithmic composition with the intention of targeting

Miranda, Eduardo Reck

30

Factors Affecting Photosynthesis!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Factors Affecting Photosynthesis! Temperature Eppley (1972) Light Sverdrup's Critical Depth-493, but the general concept is still valid! ! #12;PB opt & Temperature! #12;Photosynthesis & Temperature! Remember: in the laboratory, we can measure photosynthesis versus irradiance (PvsE) and calculate Ek, Pmax, and alpha

Kudela, Raphael M.

31

Many Factors Affect MPG  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Many Factors Affect Fuel Economy Many Factors Affect Fuel Economy How You Drive Vehicle Maintenance Fuel Variations Vehicle Variations Engine Break-In Vehicles in traffic Quick acceleration and heavy braking can reduce fuel economy by up to 33 percent on the highway and 5 percent around town. New EPA tests account for faster acceleration rates, but vigorous driving can still lower MPG. Excessive idling decreases MPG. The EPA city test includes idling, but more idling will lower MPG. Driving at higher speeds increases aerodynamic drag (wind resistance), reducing fuel economy. The new EPA tests account for aerodynamic drag up to highway speeds of 80 mph, but some drivers exceed this speed. Cold weather and frequent short trips can reduce fuel economy, since your engine doesn't operate efficiently until it is warmed up. In colder

32

Explaining the behavior of state-owned enterprises : Mexico's Pemex in comparative perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In spite of the wave of privatization of the 1980s and 1990s, state ownership of enterprise remains a very important part of the political economies of both developing and industrialized nations. The conventional wisdom ...

Flores-Macías, Francisco José

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Complex Forces Affect China's Biodiversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

global efforts have been put into biodiversity conservation, but biodiversity loss continues rapidly in biodiversity conservation to the global level and help protect biodiversity in other developing countries Wiley & Sons, Ltd. #12;208 ConservationBiology COMPLEXITY OF INTERACTING FORCES AFFECTING BIODIVERSITY

34

Analysis of Transportation and Logistics Challenges Affecting...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of Transportation and Logistics Challenges Affecting the Deployment of Larger Wind Turbines: Summary of Results Analysis of Transportation and Logistics Challenges Affecting...

35

Notices LIST OF AFFECTED PROGRAMS  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

90 Federal Register 90 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 175 / Friday, September 9, 2011 / Notices LIST OF AFFECTED PROGRAMS CFDA No. and name Publication date and FEDERAL REG- ISTER citation Original deadline for transmittal of applications Revised deadline for transmittal of applications Original deadline for inter-govern- mental review Extended dead- line for inter-gov- ernmental review 84.215N: Promise Neighborhoods Program- Implementation. 7/6/2011 76 FR 39615. 9/06/2011 9/13/2011 11/03/2011 11/10/2011 84.215P: Promise Neighborhoods Program- Planning. 7/06/2011 76 FR 39630. 9/06/2011 9/13/2011 11/03/2011 11/10/2011 Electronic Access to This Document The official version of this document is the document published in the Federal Register. Free Internet access to the official edition of the Federal

36

Notices Affected Public: Individuals and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

23 Federal Register 23 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 23 / Thursday, February 3, 2011 / Notices Affected Public: Individuals and households; not-for-profit institutions; State, Local, or Tribal Government, State Educational Agencies or Local Educational Agencies. Total Estimated Number of Annual Responses: 22,760. Total Estimated Number of Annual Burden Hours: 8,725. Abstract: The study is being conducted as part of the National Assessment of Title I, mandated by Title I, Part E, Section 1501 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. The study is designed to identify school programs and instructional practices associated with improved language development, background knowledge, and comprehension outcomes for children in prekindergarten through third grade. Analyses will estimate the

37

Affective objectives in a programming languages course  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper discusses the use of affective objectives in upper-level computer science courses. The use of affective objectives can enrich student experiences, support student motivation, and enhance the achievement of the cognitive objectives. The paper ... Keywords: BNF, affective objectives, internalization, memory models, parameter passing, programming languages, syntax diagrams, value

David Langan; Leo F. Denton; Dawn McKinney

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Migratory birds affect stability of intertidal sediments.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An ecological cascade effect: Migratory birds affect stability of ... tion) effect changes in coastal and estuarine .... ship would be expected if the cohesion was.

1999-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

39

FEMP Releases AFFECT Funding Opportunity Announcement  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On November 5, 2013, the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) issued a Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) on the EERE Exchange titled "Assisting Federal Facilities with Energy Conservation Technologies (AFFECT)."

40

Environmental Triggers that Affect Children's Health  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental Triggers that Affect Children's Health A Clean Environment Can Lead to Better Health! An online course for child care providers and parents, presented by the Texas AgriLife Extension Service Children's Health Course developed by Janie L. Harris, M.Ed. Extension Housing and Environment Specialist

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "affecting inefficient state-owned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Environmental issues affecting clean coal technology deployment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The author outlines what he considers to be the key environmental issues affecting Clean Coal Technology (CCT) deployment both in the US and internationally. Since the international issues are difficult to characterize given different environmental drivers in various countries and regions, the primary focus of his remarks is on US deployment. However, he makes some general remarks, particularly regarding the environmental issues in developing vs. developed countries and how these issues may affect CCT deployment. Further, how environment affects deployment depends on which particular type of clean coal technology one is addressing. It is not the author`s intention to mention many specific technologies other than to use them for the purposes of example. He generally categorizes CCTs into four groups since environment is likely to affect deployment for each category somewhat differently. These four categories are: Precombustion technologies such as coal cleaning; Combustion technologies such as low NOx burners; Postcombustion technologies such as FGD systems and postcombustion NOx control; and New generation technologies such as gasification and fluidized bed combustion.

Miller, M.J. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

42

Does Daylight Savings Time Affect Traffic Accidents?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper studies the effect of changes in accident pattern due to Daylight Savings Time (DST). The extension of the DST in 2007 provides a natural experiment to determine whether the number of traffic accidents is affected by shifts in hours...

Deen, Sophia 1988-

2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

43

Factors Affecting PMU Installation Costs (October 2014)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Department of Energy investigated the major cost factors that affected PMU installation costs for the synchrophasor projects funded through the Recovery Act Smart Grid Programs. The data was compiled through interviews with the nine projects that deployed production grade synchrophasor systems.

44

Variables Affecting Economic Development of Wind Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Variables Affecting Economic Variables Affecting Economic Development of Wind Energy E. Lantz and S. Tegen National Renewable Energy Laboratory Presented at WINDPOWER 2008 Houston, Texas June 1-4, 2008 Conference Paper NREL/CP-500-43506 July 2008 NREL is operated by Midwest Research Institute ● Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Midwest Research Institute (MRI), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-99GO10337. Accordingly, the US Government and MRI retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes. This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

45

1995 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected Refiners Differently  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected 5 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected Refiners Differently by John Zyren, Charles Dale and Charles Riner Introduction The United States has completed its first summer driving season using reformulated gasoline (RFG). Motorists noticed price increases at the retail level, resulting from the increased cost to produce and deliver the product, as well as from the tight sup- ply/demand balance during the summer. This arti- cle focuses on the costs of producing RFG as experienced by different types of refiners and on how these refiners fared this past summer, given the prices for RFG at the refinery gate. RFG Regulatory Requirements The use of RFG is a result of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA). The CAAA cover a wide range of programs aimed at improving air qual-

46

Commercial Building HVAC: How it Affects People  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Building HVAC: How it Affects People Commercial Building HVAC: How it Affects People Speaker(s): William Fisk Date: November 13, 2000 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: David Faulkner Commercial building heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems are designed primarily to maintain a reasonable level of thermal comfort while limiting first costs and energy consumption. However, research conducted predominately within the last decade suggests that commercial building HVAC significantly influences human outcomes other than thermal comfort, including the health, satisfaction, and work performance of the building's occupants. This presentation will review the relationships of these outcomes with HVAC system type, filtration system efficiency, indoor air temperature, and outside air ventilation rate.

47

Financial Incentives Available for Facilities Affected by the...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Financial Incentives Available for Facilities Affected by the US EPA Boiler MACT Proposed Rule, December 2012 Financial Incentives Available for Facilities Affected by the US EPA...

48

Factors Affecting HCCI Combustion Phasing for Fuels with Single...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Affecting HCCI Combustion Phasing for Fuels with Single- and Dual-Stage Chemistry Factors Affecting HCCI Combustion Phasing for Fuels with Single- and Dual-Stage Chemistry 2004...

49

Exporting licensing regulations affecting US geothermal firms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document presents a brief introduction and overview of the Department of Commerce's Export Administration Regulations which might affect potential US geothermal goods exporters. It is intended to make US geothermal firms officials aware of the existence of such regulations and to provide them with references, contacts and phone numbers where they can obtain specific and detailed information and assistance. It must be stressed however, that the ultimate responsibility for complying with the above mentioned regulations lies with the exporter who must consult the complete version of the regulations.

Not Available

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Is climate change affecting human health?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

First principles suggest that climate change is affecting human health, based on what is understood about the relationships between the mean and variability of temperature, precipitation, and other weather variables and climate-sensitive health outcomes, and the magnitude of climate change that has occurred. However, the complexity of these relationships and the multiple drivers of climate-sensitive health outcomes makes the detection and attribution of changing disease patterns to climate change very challenging. Nevertheless, efforts to do so are vital for informing policy and for prioritizing adaptation and mitigation options.

Kristie L Ebi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

FCV Learning Demonstration: Factors Affecting Fuel Cell Degradation (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Presentation on factors affecting fuel cell degradation in the DOE Fuel Cell Vehicle learning demonstation.

Kurtz, J.; Wipke, K.; Sprik, S.

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

52

Stuttering as an Expression of Inefficient Language Development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the beginning there was the Word, and shortly after this beginning came the stuttered word. If we seek an answer as to the genesis of stuttering, we are probably only a little better ... be described as dysflu...

Jon Eisenson

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

The Inherent Inefficiency of Simultaneously Feasible Financial Transmission Rights Auctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transmission right, electricity auction, simultaneous feasibility, transmission pricing. I. INTRODUCTION POINT

54

The Inherent Inefficiency of Simultaneously Feasible Financial Transmission Rights Auctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, transmission pricing. I. INTRODUCTION POINT-TO-POINT financial transmission rights (FTRs) (see [2] and [7

55

The inherent inefficiency of simultaneously feasible financial transmission rights auctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA b Department of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA c School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, GA 30332, USA a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e i n f o Article

Oren, Shmuel S.

56

Phasing Out an Inefficient Venture Capital Tax Credit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 2005, the Government of Ontario, Canada, announced the phase out of the Labour Sponsored Venture Capital Corporation (LSVCC) tax credit, which will become effective in 2011. ... related to the phasing out of t...

Douglas Cumming; Sofia Johan

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Inefficient degradation of truncated polyglutamine proteins by the proteasome  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comprehensive Cancer Center, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA Accumulation of mutant proteins of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and the polygluta- mine disorders that cells expressing mutant ataxin-1 or Huntingtin exhibit decreased proteasome activity

Matouschek, Andreas

58

(In)Efficient Environmental Policy with Interacting Pollutants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many environmental problems involve the transformation of multiple harmful substances into one or more damage agents much in the same way as a firm transforms inputs into outputs. Yet environmental management ...

Timo Kuosmanen; Marita Laukkanen

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Smooth Inequalities and Equilibrium Inefficiency in Scheduling Games  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, that permits to bal- ance overall quality of service and fairness. Our goal is to design schedul- ing policies that schedules the jobs non-preemptively in order of increasing processing times. We show that the price on Internet and Network Economics (WINE 2012), Liverpool : United Kingdom (2012)" DOI : 10

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

60

Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Procedures 24.01.01.X0.10 Fire Safety for StateOwned Residences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Protection Association (NFPA) 101®, Life Safety Code© has been adopted by the Texas State Fire MarshalTexas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Procedures 24.01.01.X0.10 Fire Safety for State.01.01.X0.10 Fire Safety for State­Owned Residences Page 1 of 2 PROCEDURE STATEMENT The National Fire

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Factors affecting water quality in Cherokee Reservoir  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose was to: (1) define reservoir problems related to water quality conditions; (2) identify the probable causes of these problems; and (3) recommend procedures for achieving needed reservoir water quality improvements. This report presents the project findings to date and suggests steps for upgrading the quality of Cherokee Reservoir. Section II presents background information on the characteristics of the basin, the reservoir, and the beneficial uses of the reservoir. Section III identifies the impacts of existing reservoir water quality on uses of the reservoir for water supply, fishery resources, recreation, and waste assimilation. Section IV presents an assessment of cause-effect relationships. The factors affecting water quality addressed in Section IV are: (1) reservoir thermal stratification and hydrodynamics; (2) dissolved oxygen depletion; (3) eutrophication; (4) toxic substances; and (5) reservoir fisheries. Section V presents a preliminary evaluation of alternatives for improving the quality of Cherokee Reservoir. Section VI presents preliminary conclusions and recommendations for developing and implementing a reservoir water quality management plan. 7 references, 22 figures, 21 tables.

Iwanski, M.L.; Higgins, J.M.; Kim, B.R.; Young, R.C.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Assisting Federal Facilities with Energy Conservation Technologies (AFFECT) Funding Opportunity  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

FEMP provides project assistance through the Assisting Federal Facilities with Energy Conservation Technologies (AFFECT) funding opportunity. AFFECT provides grants for the development of capital projects to increase the energy efficiency and renewable energy investments at Federal agency facilities.

63

Enhanced Oil Recovery Affects the Future Energy Mix | GE Global...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Affects the Future Energy Mix Enhanced Oil Recovery Affects the Future Energy Mix Trevor Kirsten 2012.11.19 One of the fascinating things about my job is contemplating questions...

64

Review of critical factors affecting crude corrosivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lower quality opportunity crudes are now processed in most refineries and the source of the crudes may vary daily. These feedstocks, if not properly handled, can result in reduction in service life of equipment as well as costly failure and downtime. Analytical tools are needed to predict their high temperature corrosivity toward distillation units. Threshold in total sulfur and total acid number (TAN) have been used for many years as rules of thumb for predicting crude corrosivity, However, it is now realized that they are not accurate in their predictive ability. Crudes with similar composition and comparable with respect to process considerations have been found to be entirely different in their impact on corrosion. Naphthenic acid content, sulfur content, velocity, temperature, and materials of construction are the main factors affecting the corrosion process, Despite progress made in elucidating the role of the different parameters on the crude corrosivity process, the main problem is in calculating their combined effect, especially when the corroding stream is such a complex mixture. The TAN is usually related directly to naphthenic acid content. However, discrepancies between analytical methods and interference of numerous components of the crude itself lead to unreliable reported content of naphthenic acid. The sulfur compounds, with respect to corrosivity, appear to relate more to their decomposition at elevated temperature to form hydrogen sulfide than to their total content in crude. This paper reviews the present situation regarding crude corrosivity in distillation units, with the aim of indicating the extent of available information, and areas where further research is necessary.

Tebbal, S.; Kane, R.D. [CLI International, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Inferring Group Processes from Computer-Mediated Affective Text Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Political communications in the form of unstructured text convey rich connotative meaning that can reveal underlying group social processes. Previous research has focused on sentiment analysis at the document level, but we extend this analysis to sub-document levels through a detailed analysis of affective relationships between entities extracted from a document. Instead of pure sentiment analysis, which is just positive or negative, we explore nuances of affective meaning in 22 affect categories. Our affect propagation algorithm automatically calculates and displays extracted affective relationships among entities in graphical form in our prototype (TEAMSTER), starting with seed lists of affect terms. Several useful metrics are defined to infer underlying group processes by aggregating affective relationships discovered in a text. Our approach has been validated with annotated documents from the MPQA corpus, achieving a performance gain of 74% over comparable random guessers.

Schryver, Jack C [ORNL; Begoli, Edmon [ORNL; Jose, Ajith [Missouri University of Science and Technology; Griffin, Christopher [Pennsylvania State University

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

SciTech Connect: Water-related Issues Affecting Conventional...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Water-related Issues Affecting Conventional Oil and Gas Recovery and Potential Oil-Shale Development in the Uinta Basin, Utah Citation Details In-Document Search Title:...

67

Buildings Energy Data Book: 4.4 Legislation Affecting Energy...  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

2 Executive Order 13423, Provisions Affecting Energy Consumption in Federal Buildings Source(s): -- Requires Federal agencies to improve energy efficiency and reduce greenhouse gas...

68

AVEC 2014: 3D Dimensional Affect and Depression Recognition Challenge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mood disorders are inherently related to emotion. In particular, the behaviour of people suffering from mood disorders such as unipolar depression shows a strong temporal correlation with the affective dimensions valence, arousal and dominance. In addition ... Keywords: affective computing, challenge, emotion recognition, facial expression, speech

Michel Valstar, Björn Schuller, Kirsty Smith, Timur Almaev, Florian Eyben, Jarek Krajewski, Roddy Cowie, Maja Pantic

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Generating Affective Music Icons in the Emotion Plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generating Affective Music Icons in the Emotion Plane Abstract In this paper, we discuss the generation of icons that represent the emotion expressed in music. We use the emotion plane for connecting the music with the icon shape affectively. A model to project arbitrary music on the plane is introduced

Lee, In-Kwon

70

HEART SMART NUTRITION What Affects Your Cholesterol Levels?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lesson 2 HEART SMART NUTRITION What Affects Your Cholesterol Levels? Several things affect cholesterol level, thus reducing your risk of heart disease. Weight ~ Being overweight tends to increase your cholesterol and is a risk factor for heart disease. Lose weight to help lower low density lipoproteins

71

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting soil fauna Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

on florafauna or human health; *affect on landscape and natural... result in : *air pollution; *soil and water pollution; *affect on florafauna or human health; *affect... ......

72

Regulation of Dams and Bridges Affecting Navigable Waters (Wisconsin) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Dams and Bridges Affecting Navigable Waters Dams and Bridges Affecting Navigable Waters (Wisconsin) Regulation of Dams and Bridges Affecting Navigable Waters (Wisconsin) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Program Info Start Date 2007 State Wisconsin Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Natural Resources Chapter 31 of the Wisconsin Statutes lays out the regulations relevant to

73

Work Affecting Public Waters (Minnesota) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Work Affecting Public Waters (Minnesota) Work Affecting Public Waters (Minnesota) Work Affecting Public Waters (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Siting and Permitting Earlier sections of chapter 103G describe the process of delineating public

74

How Has Saving Energy Affected Your Health? | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Has Saving Energy Affected Your Health? Has Saving Energy Affected Your Health? How Has Saving Energy Affected Your Health? February 4, 2010 - 6:30am Addthis We don't often speak of it in these terms, but saving energy can sometimes have a positive influence on your health. Maybe you're getting more exercise because you bike to work instead of drive, or you're getting more fresh air while jogging outside instead of on the treadmill (not to mention vitamin D!). Maybe you're eating more raw fruits and vegetables instead of turning on the oven to bake a pizza or driving for fast food. Tell us your story. How has saving energy affected your health? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov.

75

How Has Saving Energy Affected Your Health? | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

How Has Saving Energy Affected Your Health? How Has Saving Energy Affected Your Health? How Has Saving Energy Affected Your Health? February 4, 2010 - 6:30am Addthis We don't often speak of it in these terms, but saving energy can sometimes have a positive influence on your health. Maybe you're getting more exercise because you bike to work instead of drive, or you're getting more fresh air while jogging outside instead of on the treadmill (not to mention vitamin D!). Maybe you're eating more raw fruits and vegetables instead of turning on the oven to bake a pizza or driving for fast food. Tell us your story. How has saving energy affected your health? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov.

76

Does health reform affect self-employment? Evidence from Massachusetts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper evaluates whether the implementation of the 2006 Massachusetts health reform law affected the decision of taxpayers to ... Though tenuous, our results suggest that the reform led to a decline in the ra...

Bradley T. Heim; Ithai Z. Lurie

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Paternal investment directly affects female reproductive effort in an insect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...October 2003 research-article Paternal investment directly affects female reproductive...Accurate quantification of reproductive investment is not possible in many species. Butterflies...production of high-donating sons. paternal investment|maternal effort|differential allocation...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Microscopic observations of samples affected by delayed ettringite formation (DEF)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article, which deals with the study of the microscopic modifications of DEF-affected materials, has two main objectives. The first one is to study the influence of sample preparation on the microcracks of sp...

Nordine Leklou; Jean-Emmanuel Aubert; Gilles Escadeillas

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

When Does Information Asymmetry Affect the Cost of Capital?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper examines when information asymmetry among investors affects the cost of capital in excess of standard risk factors. When equity markets are perfectly competitive, information asymmetry has no separate effect on ...

Armstrong, Christopher S.

80

How the Koontz Decision May Affect Climate Change Policy  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Please join us for a Sept. 10 webinar to discuss the Supreme Court's controversial decision in Koontz v. St. Johns River Water Management District and explore how the decision may affect the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "affecting inefficient state-owned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Transformation induced plasticity assisted steels: stress or strain affected martensitic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transformation induced plasticity assisted steels: stress or strain affected martensitic transformation? S. Chatterjee and H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia* Transformation induced plasticity (TRIP) assisted steels contain a small quantity of carbon enriched retained austenite, which transforms into martensite during

Cambridge, University of

82

Summary of Major Energy Bill Provisions Affecting Federal Energy Managers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Major Energy Bill Provisions Affecting Federal Energy Managers of Major Energy Bill Provisions Affecting Federal Energy Managers Section Lead Agency Provisions 102. Energy management goals DOE * Annual energy reduction goal of 2% from FY 2006 - FY 2015 * Reporting baseline changed from 1985 to 2003 * In 180 days, DOE issues guidelines * Retention of energy and water savings by agencies * DOE reports annually on progress to the President and Congress

83

Summary of Major Energy Bill Provisions Affecting Federal Energy Managers  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of Major Energy Bill Provisions Affecting Federal Energy Managers of Major Energy Bill Provisions Affecting Federal Energy Managers Section Lead Agency Provisions 102. Energy management goals DOE * Annual energy reduction goal of 2% from FY 2006 - FY 2015 * Reporting baseline changed from 1985 to 2003 * In 180 days, DOE issues guidelines * Retention of energy and water savings by agencies * DOE reports annually on progress to the President and Congress

84

An economic analysis of factors affecting the Texas potato market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF FACTORS AFFECTING THE TEXAS POTATO MARKET A Thesis OLADIMAGI WINSOME ASGILL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1989 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OP FACTORS AFFECTING THE TEXAS POTATO MARKET A Thesis OLADIMAGI WINSOME ASGILL Approved as to style and content by: H. L. Goodwin (Chair of Committee) S. W. Fuller (Member...

Asgill, Oladimagi Winsome

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

85

Identification of factors affecting the palatability of goat meat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copyright by MERRITT IVAN PIKE 1975 IDENTIFICATION OF FACTORS AFFECTING THE PALATABILITY OF GOAT MEAT A Thesis by MERRITT IVAN PIKE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1974 Major Subject: Animal Science (Meat Science) IDENTIFICATION OF FACTORS AFFECTING THE PALATABILITY OF GOAT MEAT A Thesis by MERRITT IVAN PIKE Approved as to style and content by: Co- an of Committee Co...

Pike, Merritt Ivan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

86

Factors affecting embryo donor performance in Brahman cows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FACTORS AFFECTING EMBRYO DONOR PERFORMANCE IN BRAHMAN COWS A Thesis by PEDRO SEGUNDO BASTIDAS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1986... Major Subject: Physiology of Reproduction FACTORS AFFECTING EMBRYO DONOR PERFORMANCE IN BRAHMAN COWS A Thesis by PEDRO SEGUNDO BASTIDAS Approved as to style and content by: R. D. Randel (Chairman of Committee) P. G. Harms (Committee Member) D...

Bastidas, Pedro Segundo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

87

Gasoline Engine Economy as Affected by the Time of Ignition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KU ScholarWorks | The University of Kansas Pre-1923 Dissertations and Theses Collection Gasoline Engine Economy as Affected by the Time of Ignition 1907 by George Jay Hopkins This work was digitized by the Scholarly Communications program staff... in the KU Libraries’ Center for Digital Scholarship. http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Submitted to the University of Kansas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Science GASOLINE ENCUNE ECONOMY as Affected W the Time...

Hopkins, George Jay

1907-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Portsmouth DUF6 Conversion Final EIS - Chapter 3: Affected Environment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Portsmouth DUF Portsmouth DUF 6 Conversion Final EIS 3 AFFECTED ENVIRONMENT This EIS considers the proposed action of building and operating a conversion facility at the Portsmouth site for conversion of the Portsmouth and ETTP DUF 6 cylinder inventories. Section 3.1 presents a detailed description of the affected environment for the Portsmouth site. Because the option of shipping cylinders from the ETTP site in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, to the Portsmouth site for conversion is part of the proposed action, a detailed description of the affected environment for the ETTP site is provided in Section 3.2. 3.1 PORTSMOUTH SITE The Portsmouth site is located in Pike County, Ohio, approximately 22 mi (35 km) north of the Ohio River and 3 mi (5 km) southeast of the town of Piketon (Figure 3.1-1). The two

89

Analysis Of Factors Affecting Natural Source Slf Electromagnetic  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Factors Affecting Natural Source Slf Electromagnetic Factors Affecting Natural Source Slf Electromagnetic Exploration At Geothermal Wells Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Analysis Of Factors Affecting Natural Source Slf Electromagnetic Exploration At Geothermal Wells Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The Super Low Frequency (SLF) electromagnetic exploration was performed by using a nature source SLF electromagnetic detector at two geothermal wells in Peking University. The data of the SLF electromagnetic exploration at well JR-119 and JR-168 were obtained with the observation of continued five days and four times per day at well JR-119 and of one day at well JR-168. Based on these data, the influencing factors of the SI-F electromagnetic exploration were analyzed, which included the relationship

90

Assess Site Factors That Affect Employee Commuting Options for Greenhouse  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Assess Site Factors That Affect Employee Commuting Options for Assess Site Factors That Affect Employee Commuting Options for Greenhouse Gas Profile Assess Site Factors That Affect Employee Commuting Options for Greenhouse Gas Profile October 7, 2013 - 1:52pm Addthis YOU ARE HERE: Step 2 After establishing an employee commuting behavior baseline for evaluating a greenhouse gas (GHG) profile, analyze the specific characteristics of the agency's major worksites to help determine which alternative commute methods and work arrangements are viable and what types of strategies may be most effective for promoting those alternatives. It is recommended that worksite-level data collection focus on worksites with the: Largest number of employees, or clusters of worksites with large employee populations in an area with diverse commuting infrastructure

91

Bone breakage in laying hens as affected by dietary supplements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BONE BREAKAGE IN LAYING HENS AS AFFECTED BY DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS A Thesis by DAVID JOE MOORE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas Al!M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1975... Major Subject: Poultry Science (Physiology) BONE BREAKAGE IN LAYING HENS AS AFFECTED BY DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS A Thesis by DAVID JOE MOORE Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of Comm' ee ad o Department) Member Member '7 I ls&wr g ~, /0...

Moore, David Joe

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

B To Identify Slag-Affected Sediment in Southern  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and boron isotopes could be used to identify and delineate slag-affected bed sediment in Lake Michigan for the protection of water and ecosystem resources in the Great Lakes motivated this study to determine if strontium collected offshore from three Lake Michigan cities (+11.7 to 12.7o/oo). Contoured isotope data indicated

93

Affect Transfer by Metaphor for an Intelligent Conversational Agent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Affect Transfer by Metaphor for an Intelligent Conversational Agent Alan Wallington and Rodrigo with a number of `worked examples'. Alan Wallington School of Computer Science, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B152TT, e-mail: Alan. Wallington@dunelm.org.uk,A.M.Wallington@cs.bham.ac.uk Rodrigo Agerri School

Lee, Mark

94

Sex differences in affective and physiological responses to relationship orientations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . ". . . . """ """" -""""" --""" ---" --" " Health Status Form. . Personal Attributes Questionnaire. . Goldberg's (1992) Five Factor Inventory. . Rosenberg's (1965) Self-Esteem Scale Self-Concept Affective Measure. . Manipulation Checks. . . . . , Physiological Measures. . Electromyographic.... . . . . APPENDIX 6 GOLDBERG'S (1992) FIVE FACTOR INVENTORY. . . . . . APPENDIX 7 MANIPULATION CHECK QUESTIONNAIRE. . . . . . . . . . . . VITA Page 34 . . . . 35 35 , . . . 35 35 37 37 37 43 . 43 . . . 43 . . . 44 47 . 51 51 . 53 55 . 64 65...

Hebl, Michelle Rae

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

95

How do variations in seasonality affect population Electronic Supplementary Material  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How do variations in seasonality affect population cycles? Electronic Supplementary Material Rachel is the Holling Type II functional form which incorporates handling time of prey. The predators have a logistic the procedure in Taylor et al. (2012). The bifurcation diagrams were created using essentially standard

Sherratt, Jonathan A.

96

QuestionQuestion How does nitrogen deposition affect roadside  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

al. 2004. Concentrations of ammonia and nitrogen dioxide at roadside verges, and their contributionQuestionQuestion How does nitrogen deposition affect roadside plant community composition? 1. Is there a gradient of nitrogen deposition to freeway verges from traffic exhaust? 2. Are there other sources of N

Hall, Sharon J.

97

Resting state correlates of subdimensions of anxious affect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Resting state fMRI may help identify markers of risk for affective disorder. Given the comorbidity of anxiety and depressive disorders and the heterogeneity of these disorders as defined by DSM, an important challenge is to identify alterations in resting ...

Janine Bijsterbosch; Stephen Smith; Sophie Forster; Oliver P. John; Sonia J. Bishop

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Collaborative Creativity: A Complex Systems Model with Distributed Affect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Collaborative Creativity: A Complex Systems Model with Distributed Affect Cecilia R. Aragon E16 2RD UK alisonwilliams62@googlemail.com ABSTRACT The study of creativity has received significant attention over the past century, with a recent increase in interest in collaborative, distributed creativity

Anderson, Richard

99

Factors affecting Iran`s future. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study examines the factors affecting Iran`s future by focusing on the demographic, economic, and military trends in Iran and their impact on the country`s national security objectives in the next decade. The paper also assesses the implications of an economic embargo on Iran and potential Iranian threats to regional and United States national interests.

Sinai, J.

1993-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

100

How Do Social Networks Affect Organizational Knowledge Utilization? David Dekker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How Do Social Networks Affect Organizational Knowledge Utilization? David Dekker University (cf. March, 1991). Organizational structures that coordinate this balance can be characterized-(0)24-361-1933 Email: d.dekker@nsm.kun.nl Key Words: Knowledge utilization, explorative and exploitative learning

Sadeh, Norman M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "affecting inefficient state-owned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Policy Issues Affecting Spatial Data Infrastructure Developments in the Netherlands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy Issues Affecting Spatial Data Infrastructure Developments in the Netherlands Professor Bas C of Technology, the Netherlands Bas_Kok@euronet.nl Bastiaan van Loenen, PhD candidate department of civil engineering and geo-sciences, geodetic engineering Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands b

Onsrud, Harlan J.

102

TSPA Model Development and Sensitivity Analysis of Processes Affecting  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

TSPA Model Development and Sensitivity Analysis of Processes TSPA Model Development and Sensitivity Analysis of Processes Affecting Performance of a Salt Repository for Disposal of Heat-Generating Nuclear Waste TSPA Model Development and Sensitivity Analysis of Processes Affecting Performance of a Salt Repository for Disposal of Heat-Generating Nuclear Waste The document describes the initial work on designing and developing requirements for a total system performance assessment (TSPA) model that can support preliminary safety assessments for a mined geologic repository for high-level waste (HLW) and spent nuclear fuel (SNF) in salt host rock at a generic site. A preliminary generic salt TSPA model for HLW/SNF disposal has been developed and tested for an isothermal repository in salt, for emplaced waste that is assumed to have no decay heat; for salt

103

Site-Selective Ionization in Nanoclusters Affects Subsequent Fragmentation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Site-Selective Ionization in Nanoclusters Affects Subsequent Fragmentation Print Site-Selective Ionization in Nanoclusters Affects Subsequent Fragmentation Print Understanding charge-transfer processes at the atomic level of nanoscale systems is of the utmost importance for designing nanodevices based on quantum-dot structures, nanotubes, or two-dimensional graphene sheets. Researchers from Western Michigan University, Berkeley Lab, and other international research facilities investigated charge-transfer processes and subsequent ion fragmentation dynamics in nanoclusters composed of argon (Ar) shells and xenon (Xe) cores. The clusters were site-selectively ionized (i.e, ionization took place either in the xenon core or in the argon shell). Using a high-resolution photoelectron-ion coincidence technique at ALS Beamlines 10.0.1 and 11.0.2, the researchers concluded that charge-transfer processes and fragmentation dynamics are strongly influenced by the environment of the initially ionized atoms.

104

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Genetic Factors Affecting  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Affecting Susceptibility to Low-Dose Radiation Affecting Susceptibility to Low-Dose Radiation William F. Morgan Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Why This Project The short-term effects of high doses of ionizing radiation on cellular responses are relatively well understood. Less clear are the long-term consequences of exposure to low dose/low dose-rate radiation and the effects of radiation exposure on the progeny of surviving cells. If a cell survives radiation, it is generally thought to have repaired all the radiation-induced insults and be capable of a "normal healthy life". At a certain frequency, however, we have found that some cells surviving radiation grow normally, but will rearrange their genetic material during time in culture. We call this radiation-induced genomic instability. Many

105

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Genetic Factors Affecting  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Genetic Factors Affecting Susceptibility to Low-Doses of Ionizing Genetic Factors Affecting Susceptibility to Low-Doses of Ionizing Radiation. Authors: William F. Morgan, Pat Concannon & John H.J. Petrini The goal of this program is to test the hypothesis that mice heterozygous for the NBS1 gene are genetically susceptible to low doses of ionizing radiation. Patients with Nijmegen Breakage Syndrome (NBS) are radiation sensitive, because of defects in cellular responses to radiation induced genetic damage. It is unclear whether humans heterozygous for the mutations associated with NBS are radiation sensitive and results from cell culture experiments give conflicting results. In collaboration with John Petrini at the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York City we developed a mouse model of this disorder and are directly testing the hypothesis

106

Site-Selective Ionization in Nanoclusters Affects Subsequent Fragmentation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Site-Selective Ionization in Nanoclusters Affects Subsequent Fragmentation Print Site-Selective Ionization in Nanoclusters Affects Subsequent Fragmentation Print Understanding charge-transfer processes at the atomic level of nanoscale systems is of the utmost importance for designing nanodevices based on quantum-dot structures, nanotubes, or two-dimensional graphene sheets. Researchers from Western Michigan University, Berkeley Lab, and other international research facilities investigated charge-transfer processes and subsequent ion fragmentation dynamics in nanoclusters composed of argon (Ar) shells and xenon (Xe) cores. The clusters were site-selectively ionized (i.e, ionization took place either in the xenon core or in the argon shell). Using a high-resolution photoelectron-ion coincidence technique at ALS Beamlines 10.0.1 and 11.0.2, the researchers concluded that charge-transfer processes and fragmentation dynamics are strongly influenced by the environment of the initially ionized atoms.

107

Survey of state water laws affecting coal slurry pipeline development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes state water laws likely to affect the development of coal slurry pipelines. It was prepared as part of a project to analyze environmental issues related to energy transportation systems. Coal slurry pipelines have been proposed as a means to expand the existing transportation system to handle the increasing coal shipments that will be required in the future. The availability of water for use in coal slurry systems in the coal-producing states is an issue of major concern.

Rogozen, M.B.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Leisure constraints which affect continued nonresident hunter participation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

thesis research. I am grateful for their time, patience, and good humor. I would like to thank McAllister Maxwell, William Cook, Sara Steen, and Kelly Strnadel for their help preparing survey mailouts, offering advice, and continued support. Jason... not significantly different in the constraints they felt affected their hunting participation. Both groups listed no time due to family or work commitments, high lease cost, and distance as their greatest constraints to hunting in Texas. No significant...

Cook, Kathrine Helen

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Cognition and affect in the development of sense of place  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1974a), both selfconscious and unselfconscious (Relph, 1976), and both cognitive and affective (Firey, 1945; Piaget and Weil, 1951). These definitions and charac- terizations are the beginning attempts at describing the processes by which sense... experience are greatly weakened in most contemporary cultures. The trend is toward an environment of few significant places--towards a placeless geography (Relph, 1976, 93, 117). As a result of this concern there is a trend to restore and encourage sense...

Engman, Dianne Lynn

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

110

Utility & Regulatory Factors Affecting Cogeneration & Independent Power Plant Design & Operation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UTILITY & REGULATORY FACTORS AFFECTiNG COGENERATION & INDEPENDENT POWER PLANT DESIGN & OPERATION Richard P. Felak General Electric Company Schenectady, New York ABSTRACT In specifying a cogeneration or independent power plant, the owner... should be especially aware of the influences which electric utilities and regulatory bodies will have on key parameters such as size, efficiency, design. reliability/ availabilitY, operating capabilities and modes, etc. This paper will note examples...

Felak, R. P.

111

Factors affecting color stability of vinegar pickled meat products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

150 ppm nitrite and 600 ppm erythorbate. Visual color scores decreased (P& . 05) with increasing storage intervals. pH values were signifi- cantly (P &. 05) affected by color additive, vinegar strength, nitrite level, erythorbate level and storage... interval. Higher nitrite levels (150 ppm) and higher erythorbate levels (600 ppm) resulted in higher (P&. 05) pH values than did lower levels of these ingredients. With increased storage time, pH values increased and were significantly (p &. 05...

Ploch, Carol Ann

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Who is Exposed to Gas Prices? How Gasoline Prices Affect Automobile Manufacturers and Dealerships  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Who is Exposed to Gas Prices? How Gasoline Prices Affect Automobile Manufacturers and Dealerships Prices Affect Automobile Manufacturers and Dealerships Abstract Many consumers are keenly aware, by contrast, we investigate how gasoline prices affect the automobile industry: manufacturers and dealerships

Rothman, Daniel

113

Differential hemodynamic response in affective circuitry with aging: An fmri study of novelty, valence, and arousal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Emerging evidence indicates that stimulus novelty is affectively potent and reliably engages the amygdala and other portions of the affective workspace in the brain. Using fMRI, we examined whether novel stimuli remain affectively salient across the ...

Yoshiya Moriguchi; Alyson Negreira; Mariann Weierich; Rebecca Dautoff; Bradford C. Dickerson; Christopher I. Wright; Lisa Feldman Barrett

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Towards a Learning Companion that Recognizes Affect Ashish Kapoor, Selene Mota, Rosalind W. Picard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

demand often involves failure and a host of associated affective responses. These affective responses can MIT Media Lab 20 Ames Street Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 {ash, atenea, picard responses. This article describes techniques and tools being developed to recognize affective states

115

Mapping musical intervals to affective qualities: A projective study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many claim that the various musical intervals used in Western music create identifiable affective impressions which musicians use for musical communication. Alain Danielou has proposed furthermore that these affective impressions form a space with a three?dimensional structure isomorphic to the natural three?dimensional structure of the intervals themselves (ratios composed of positive and negative powers of 2 3 and 5). To test this hypothesis 36 Marathi?speaking college students at Ahmednagar College Maharastra India were asked to imagine that each of 24 complex?tone melodicintervals was the “sound?name” of a person in some distant village. They were then given 36 bipolar adjective pairs and asked to rate the personality of the parson they imagined on five?point scales. (Previous studies have shown that subjects make affective judgments about sounds far more easily when imagining personalities than when rating the sounds themselves.) Results indicate that Indian students associate the main intervals used in Western music with separable personalities and that these personalities compare well with those Western listeners reported in a previous study. [Work supported by the American Institute of Indian Studies.

Scott Makeig

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol consumption affect Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

consumption affect Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alcohol consumption affect Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Dublin City University...

117

E-Print Network 3.0 - affected sib-pair families Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

pairs into two diagnostic categories: "narrow" when both affected sibs had autism, and "broad... the distribution of affected ... Source: Ecole Polytechnique, Centre de...

118

E-Print Network 3.0 - arrangements affecting sex Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

David John Allsop Summary: 10 affected by many factors. These can be summarised into two broad categories. First, sex biased... 1967). Second, when environmental conditions affect...

119

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting lateral suboccipital Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

like corn, soybeans, alfalfa? Would Summary: 1 Crops Would the heat of an oil pipeline buried 4 feet underground affect ground or surface water... be affected? Response by...

120

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting species diversity Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

search results for: affecting species diversity Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Community Ecology & Species Assemblages Summary: affect species distributions Tropical regions - most...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "affecting inefficient state-owned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects plant growth Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of an oil pipeline buried 4 feet underground affect ground or surface water... be affected? Response by Professor Timothy Arkebauer - In most cropland situations in Nebraska...

122

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects leaf properties Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

finishes expanding (Dale and Milthorpe 1983). The eventual size of the leaf is also affected... also been shown to significantly affect the ... Source: Moles, Angela - School of...

123

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting plant growth Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of an oil pipeline buried 4 feet underground affect ground or surface water... be affected? Response by Professor Timothy Arkebauer - In most cropland situations in Nebraska...

124

E-Print Network 3.0 - addition affects leaf Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

leaf rot. Eventually, entire plants will easily pull off the stolons. Roots are not affected... Turfgrasses Affected All warm-season turfgrasses, especially St. Augustinegrass...

125

E-Print Network 3.0 - affected offspring combining Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of offspring environment. Thus, whether the parental phenotype will affect offspring development should also... , rather than being affected by environmental conditions experi-...

126

Site-Selective Ionization in Nanoclusters Affects Subsequent Fragmentation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Site-Selective Ionization in Site-Selective Ionization in Nanoclusters Affects Subsequent Fragmentation Site-Selective Ionization in Nanoclusters Affects Subsequent Fragmentation Print Wednesday, 30 June 2010 00:00 Understanding charge-transfer processes at the atomic level of nanoscale systems is of the utmost importance for designing nanodevices based on quantum-dot structures, nanotubes, or two-dimensional graphene sheets. Researchers from Western Michigan University, Berkeley Lab, and other international research facilities investigated charge-transfer processes and subsequent ion fragmentation dynamics in nanoclusters composed of argon (Ar) shells and xenon (Xe) cores. The clusters were site-selectively ionized (i.e, ionization took place either in the xenon core or in the argon shell). Using a high-resolution photoelectron-ion coincidence technique at ALS Beamlines 10.0.1 and 11.0.2, the researchers concluded that charge-transfer processes and fragmentation dynamics are strongly influenced by the environment of the initially ionized atoms.

127

Can coyotes affect deer populations in Southeastern North America?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ABSTRACT The coyote (Canis latrans) is a recent addition to the fauna of eastern North America, and in many areas coyote populations have been established for only a decade or two. Although coyotes are known predators of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in their historic range, effects this new predator may have on eastern deer populations have received little attention. We speculated that in the southeastern United States, coyotes may be affecting deer recruitment, and we present 5 lines of evidence that suggest this possibility. First, the statewide deer population in South Carolina has declined coincident with the establishment and increase in the coyote population. Second, data sets from the Savannah River Site (SRS) in South Carolina indicate a new mortality source affecting the deer population concurrent with the increase in coyotes. Third, an index of deer recruitment at SRS declined during the period of increase in coyotes. Fourth, food habits data from SRS indicate that fawns are an important food item for coyotes during summer. Finally, recent research from Alabama documented significant coyote predation on fawns there. Although this evidence does not establish cause and effect between coyotes and observed declines in deer recruitment, we argue that additional research should proactively address this topic in the region. We identified several important questions on the nature of the deer–coyote relationship in the East.

Kilgo, J., C.; Ray, H., Scott; Ruth, Charles; Miller, Karl, V.

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Factors affecting the usage of intranet: A confirmatory study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The extent of intranet implementation and use within individual organizations has significant implications for organizational performance. Previous studies on technology adoption in the workplace suggest that acceptance behavior is influenced by a variety of antecedent factors including individual differences, social influences, beliefs, attitudes, and situational influences. This study reports on an investigation of extended TAM (Technology Acceptance Model) using external factors and subjective norm influencing usage of intranet within organizations. The external factors affecting the perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness, and usage of intranet include technical support, Web experience, task equivocality, and task interdependence. The subjective norm is the mediating variable and external variables indirectly affect usage of intranet indirectly through their effects on subjective norm. Based on a survey of 333 intranet users from 10 major Korean companies, this study uses a structural equation model to test the research model. The results indicate that usage of intranet is influenced by technical support, Web experience, task equivocality, and perceived ease of use. Technical support and Web experience influences the perceived ease of use. Technical support, task equivocality, and task interdependence have positive effects on the subjective norm. Usage of intranet which is a dependent variable in this model, is influenced by technical support, Web experience task interdependence, and perceived ease of use.

Sangjae Lee; Byung Gon Kim

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Microbial Carbon Cycling in Permafrost-Affected Soils  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Arctic plays a key role in Earth s climate system as global warming is predicted to be most pronounced at high latitudes and because one third of the global carbon pool is stored in ecosystems of the northern latitudes. In order to improve our understanding of the present and future carbon dynamics in climate sensitive permafrost ecosystems, present studies concentrate on investigations of microbial controls of greenhouse gas fluxes, on the activity and structure of the involved microbial communities, and on their response to changing environmental conditions. Permafrost-affected soils can function as both a source and a sink for carbon dioxide and methane. Under anaerobic conditions, caused by flooding of the active layer and the effect of backwater above the permafrost table, the mineralization of organic matter can only be realized stepwise by specialized microorganisms. Important intermediates of the organic matter decomposition are hydrogen, carbon dioxide and acetate, which can be further reduced to methane by methanogenic archaea. Evolution of methane fluxes across the subsurface/atmosphere boundary will thereby strongly depend on the activity of anaerobic methanogenic archaea and obligately aerobic methane oxidizing proteobacteria, which are known to be abundant and to significantly reduce methane emissions in permafrost-affected soils. Therefore current studies on methane-cycling microorganisms are the object of particular attention in permafrost studies, because of their key role in the Arctic methane cycle and consequently of their significance for the global methane budget.

Vishnivetskaya, T. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Liebner, Susanne [University of Tromso, Norway; Wilhelm, Ronald [McGill University, Montreal, Quebec; Wagner, Dirk [Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam, Germany

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Factors affecting characterization of bulk high-temperature superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three major factors affect the characterization of bulk high-temperature superconductors in terms of their levitation properties during interaction with permanent magnets. First, the appropriate parameter for the permanent magnet is internal magnetization, not the value of the magnetic field measured at the magnet`s surface. Second, although levitation force grows with superconductor thickness and surface area, for a given permanent magnet size, comparison of levitation force between samples is meaningful when minimum values are assigned to the superconductor size parameters. Finally, the effect of force creep must be considered when time-averaging the force measurements. In addition to levitational force, the coefficient of friction of a levitated rotating permanent magnet may be used to characterize the superconductor.

Hull, J.R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Energy Technology Div.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Study of parameters affecting enhanced coal bed methane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laboratory and field scale trials conducted so far indicate that injection of CO{sub 2} and N{sub 2} into deep coalbeds has the potential to enhance coalbed methane (ECBM) recovery while simultaneously sequestering CO{sub 2}. The work has identified that the fundamental processes involved in CO{sub 2} sequestration/CBM recovery in deep coalbeds are not fully understood and further research is needed to advance this technology. ECBM is affected by several parameters; prominent among them are coal characteristics, in-situ conditions prevailing in deep coalbeds, and changes arising from the interaction of coal with various fluids. These parameters do not act independently, thereby making it difficult to isolate their impacts separately. An attempt has been made in this article to classify these parameters and understand their role in ECBM. Past work in this area is reviewed and the future work that is critical for an improved understanding of ECBM recovery is discussed.

Katyal, S.; Valix, M.; Thambimuthu, K. [University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW (Australia). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

2007-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

132

Regulatory requirements affecting disposal of asbestos-containing waste  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) facilities are undergoing decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) activities. The performance of these activities may generate asbestos-containing waste because asbestos was formerly used in many building materials, including floor tile, sealants, plastics, cement pipe, cement sheets, insulating boards, and insulating cements. The regulatory requirements governing the disposal of these wastes depend on: (1) the percentage of asbestos in the waste and whether the waste is friable (easily crumbled or pulverized); (2) other physical and chemical characteristics of the waste; and (3) the State in which the waste is generated. This Information Brief provides an overview of the environment regulatory requirements affecting disposal of asbestos-containing waste. It does not address regulatory requirements applicable to worker protection promulgated under the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHAct), the Mining Safety and Health Act (MSHA), or the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA).

NONE

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Factors affecting expanded electricity trade in North America  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors explore factors that affect electricity trade between enterprises in the US and Canada and the US and Mexico. They look to those underlying policy and institutional factors that affect the relative costs of producing electricity in the three countries. In particular, they consider six factors that appear to have a significant impact on electricity trade in North America: differences in the types of economic regulation of power leading to differences in cost recovery for wholesale and retail power and wheeling charges; changing regulatory attitudes, placing more emphasis on demand-side management and environmental concerns; differences in energy and economic policies; differences in national and subnational environmental policies; changing organization of electric power industries which may foster uncertainty, change historical relationships, and provide other potentially important sources of power for distribution utilities; and differences in the ability of enterprises to gain access to electric power markets because of restrictions placed on transmission access. In Section 2, the authors discuss the regulation of electricity trade in North America and provide an overview of the recent trading experience for electricity between Canada and the US and between Mexico and the US, including the volume of that trade over the past decade and existing transmission capacity between regions of the three countries. In Section 3, they look at the benefits that accrue to trading counties and what those benefits are likely to be for the three countries. The discussion in Section 4 centers on the relevant provisions of the Canada Free Trade Agreement and the proposed North American Free Trade Agreement. In Section 5, they set the stage for the discussion of policy and institutional differences presented in Section 6 by outlining differences in the organization of the electric power sectors of Canada, the US, and Mexico. The study is synthesized in Section 7.

Hill, L.J.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Knowledge Elecitation for Factors Affecting Taskforce Productivity using a Questionnaire  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we present the process of Knowledge Elicitation through a structured questionnaire technique. This is an effort to depict a problem domain as Investigation of factors affecting taskforce productivity. The problem has to be solved using the expert system technology. This problem is the very first step how to acquire knowledge from the domain experts. Knowledge Elicitation is one of the difficult tasks in knowledge base formation which is a key component of expert system. The questionnaire was distributed among 105 different domain experts of Public and Private Organizations (i.e. Education Institutions, Industries and Research etc) in Pakistan. A total 61 responses from these experts were received. All the experts were well qualified, highly experienced and has been remained the members for selection committees a number of times for different posts. Facts acquired were analyzed from which knowledge was extracted and elicited. A standard shape was given to the questionnaire for further research as a knowledge learning tool. This tool may be used as a standard document for selection and promotion of employees.

Muhammad Sohail; Abdur Rashid Khan

2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

135

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect synaptic distribution Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

To understand how short-term plasticity affects how a pre- synaptic neuron influences the firing of its... in synaptic strength tend to cancel each other out. This affects the...

136

E-Print Network 3.0 - atp reduction affects Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

affects Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: atp reduction affects Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Dynamic Sensitivity of ATP-sensitive K...

137

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect lactate disappearance Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

at Two Stages of Lactation Summary: higher in early than in late lactation, but LM infusion did not affect these variables. Regardless... not affected by infusion of LM and were...

138

Does parental age difference affect offspring count in humans? Comment on Fieder and Huber  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

2007 The Royal Society 23 February 2008 article-commentary Evolutionary biology Does parental age difference affect offspring count in...689-691. ( doi:10.1098/rsbl.2007.0324 ) Does parental age difference affect offspring count in...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Modeling and analysis of affective influences on human experience, prediction, decision making, and behavior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Subjective and affective elements are well-known to influence human decision making. This dissertation presents a theoretical and empirical framework on how human decision makers' subjective experience and affective ...

Ahn, Hyungil, 1976-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting plasmid production Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

plus an insert in the MCS) affected bacterial fit- ness in a selective... in minimal media did not affect copy number in plasmids of any size tested, and (iii) any growth...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "affecting inefficient state-owned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects vegf distribution Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cells Affects VEGF Distribution and ... Source: Popel, Aleksander S. - Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University Collection: Engineering ; Biology and...

142

Affective Analgesia Following Muscarinic Activation of the Ventral Tegmental Area in Rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Affective Analgesia Following Muscarinic Activation of the Ventral Tegmental Area in Rats Robert G stimulation. Vocalization afterdischarges (VADs) are a validated model of the affective response of rats: Cholinergic activation of the brain reward circuit produced a preferential suppression of rats' affective

Borszcz, George S.

143

Do metallic ports in tissue expanders affect postmastectomy radiation delivery?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) is often delivered to patients with permanent breast implants. On occasion, patients are irradiated with a tissue expander (TE) in place before their permanent implant exchange. Because of concern of potential under-dosing in these patients, we examined the dosimetric effects of the Magna-Site (Santa Barbara, CA) metallic port that is present in certain TEs. Methods and Materials: We performed ex vivo film dosimetry with single 6-MV and 15-MV photon beams on a water phantom containing a Magna-Site disc in two orientations. Additionally, using in vivo films, we measured the exit dose from 1 patient's TE-reconstructed breast during chest wall treatment with 15-MV tangent beams. Finally, we placed thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs) on 6 patients with TEs who received PMRT delivered with 15-MV tangent beams. Results: Phantom film dosimetry revealed decreased transmission in the region of the Magna-Site, particularly with the magnet in the parallel orientation (at 22 mm: 78% transmission with 6 MV, 84% transmission with 15 MV). The transmission measured by in vivo films during single beam treatment concurred with ex vivo results. TLD data showed acceptable variation in median dose to the skin (86-101% prescription dose). Conclusion: Because of potential dosimetric effects of the Magna-Site, it is preferable to treat PMRT patients with permanent implants. However, it is not unreasonable to treat with a TE because the volume of tissue affected by attenuation from the Magna-Site is small. In this scenario, we recommend using 15 MV photons with compensating bolus.

Damast, Shari [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Beal, Kathryn [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States)]. E-mail: bealk@mskcc.org; Ballangrud, Ase [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Losasso, Thomas J. [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Cordeiro, Peter G. [Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Disa, Joseph J. [Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Hong, Linda [Department of Radiation Oncology, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY (United States); McCormick, Beryl L. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States)

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

THE EMPLOYEE'S GUIDE TO BENEFITS FOR THOSE AFFECTED BY REDUCTION IN FORCE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EMPLOYEE'S EMPLOYEE'S THE EMPLOYEE'S THE EMPLOYEE'S THE EMPLOYEE'S GUIDE TO BENEFITS GUIDE TO BENEFITS GUIDE TO BENEFITS GUIDE TO BENEFITS FOR THOSE FOR THOSE FOR THOSE FOR THOSE AFFECTED BY AFFECTED BY AFFECTED BY AFFECTED BY REDUCTION IN REDUCTION IN REDUCTION IN REDUCTION IN FORCE FORCE FORCE FORCE U.S. OFFICE OF U.S. OFFICE OF U.S. OFFICE OF U.S. OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT WORKFORCE WORKFORCE WORKFORCE WORKFORCE RESTRUCTURING OFFICE RESTRUCTURING OFFICE RESTRUCTURING OFFICE RESTRUCTURING OFFICE OCTOBER 1999 (Revised) _________________________________________________________________________________________________ OPM Workforce Restructuring Office Employee's Guide to Separation Benefits (RIF) 2 The Office of Personnel Management (OPM) created the Workforce

145

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect narrative processes Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

that narrative delivery affects people's perception and relationships. Beginning... the exploration. Interactive Process The following shows how the system begins the...

146

E-Print Network 3.0 - atrazine exposure affects Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ecological Applications Vol. 18, No. 7 12;exposure affected the susceptibility of green frog tadpoles to E... loads are a product of both exposure and susceptibility, and...

147

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect employment duration Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology ; Engineering 71 A Quantitative Study of User Satisfaction in Online Video Streaming Summary: affect session duration are regarded as...

148

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting natural gas Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

natural gas Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affecting natural gas Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 International Conference on Gas...

149

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting fish passage Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

fish passage Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affecting fish passage Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 NOAA Restoration Center supports...

150

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect cement penetration Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: of carbonation of cement-based products. The process of carbonation and the rate of carbonation penetration... were very important factors that affect rate of...

151

High temperature affects olive fruit fly populations in California’s Central Valley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High temperature affects olive fruit fly populations inand Kent M. Daane Olive fruit fly commonly infests olives inthat trap counts for olive fruit fly adults in pesticide­

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects courtship gene Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 3 Experience improves courtship in male fruit flies REUVEN DUKAS Summary: , experience affected the courtship behaviour of male...

153

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects cognitive performance Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

cognitive performance Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affects cognitive performance Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Ritter, F. E.,...

154

Key Parameters Affecting DPF Performance Degradation and Impact on Lifetime Fuel Economy  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Summarizes latest findings on impact of specific parameters affecting ash-related diesel particulate filter performance degradation and information useful to enhance performance and extend service life

155

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect oxidative stability Sample Search...  

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stability. In particular, oxide non... in titania and thereby affect the performance of solar cell devices utilizing such ... Source: Kaxiras, Efthimios - School of Engineering and...

156

E-Print Network 3.0 - adversely affects oral Sample Search Results  

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affects the egg distribution pattern in a polyembryonic... .. 12;Oral presentations and posters: 2000: - International Behavioral Ecology Congress (ISBE), Zrich... , CH...

157

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting calcium translocation Sample...  

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of strontium for calcium. This was only slightly affected by the concentration of the CaCl2-solution used... occurred indicating discrimination between strontium and calcium...

158

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect periparturient behaviour Sample...  

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risk interact to affect the levels of individual antipredatory ... Source: Keogh, Scott - School of Botany and Zoology, Australian National University Collection:...

159

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting nuclear waste Sample Search Results  

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Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affecting nuclear waste Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Nuclear Waste Assessment System for Technical...

160

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting nuclear import Sample Search...  

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Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affecting nuclear import Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Institute for Critical Technology and Applied...

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161

Los Alamos using NIH grant to study how social behaviors affect...  

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Can social media messaging impact epidemics? Los Alamos using NIH grant to study how social behaviors affect spread of disease Connecting social media and epidemiological research...

162

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting lilium crops Sample Search Results  

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production Summary: affect the quality of energy crops, and so do not need to be treated. Recycling wastewater and other... ways to increase biomass production from energy crops...

163

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects durably bonding Sample Search Results  

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adhesive layers are less affected, creep behavior of adhesively bonded joints... ABSTRACT SMITH, GLEN. Bond Characteristics and Qualifications of Adhesives for ... Source:...

164

FCV Learning Demonstration: First-Generation Vehicle Results and Factors Affecting Fuel Cell Degradation (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Presentaion on the FCV Learning Demonstration and factors affecting fuel cell degradation given at the Fuel Cell Seminar on October 17, 2007 in San Antonio, TX.

Wipke, K.; Sprik, S.; Kurtz, J.; Thomas, H.; Garbak, J.

2007-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

165

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects detection rate Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AND OCEANIC SCIENCE The Effect ENSO Has on Lightning Summary: and relationships between lightning flash rates and convective meteorology and how climate change may affect......

166

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect achievement mediated Sample Search...  

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and agents affect performance, how the load of tasks arriving at one ... Source: Massachusetts at Amherst, University of - Department of Computer Science, Multi-Agent Systems...

167

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting clean coal Sample Search Results  

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; Environmental Management and Restoration Technologies 24 Impact of coal quality and gasifier technology on IGCC performance Summary: was little affected by coal type. The slurry...

168

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect saprophagous diptera Sample Search...  

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beetles (Coleoptera) in Carpathian oak forests Summary: ). The negative effects of forest management, especially the effects of conifer introductions, affected saprophage......

169

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect postoperative quality Sample Search...  

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a consequence of surgery or a mechanism to enhance the intelligibility? Summary: F1 is also affected by the post-operative formant changes, these changes must, with...

170

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect political support Sample Search...  

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political support Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affect political support Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 380 SDSU General Catalog...

171

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect contraction-stimulated glucose Sample...  

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Summary: ), this high concentration of glucose has the potential to affect protein folding in the ER. Finally, given... Unable To Convert Glucose to Glucose-6-Phosphate...

172

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects host cell Sample Search Results  

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the evolution... - nomically-related hosts can affect, to some extent, the ... Source: Poulin, Robert - Department of Zoology, University of Otago Collection: Biology and Medicine...

173

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting metal concentration Sample Search...  

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Surface Precipitation of Hydrolyzable Metal Ions on Oxide Surfaces S. E. Fendorf Heavy metal... retention on solid surfaces is a primary determinant in affecting the environmental...

174

E-Print Network 3.0 - affective disorder life Sample Search Results  

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Biology and Medicine 13 Influence of Sequence Changes and Environment on Intrinsically Disordered Proteins Summary: structural changes affecting the existence, position or...

175

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect insulin sensitivity Sample Search...  

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nm. The temperature sensitivity... -nanoparticles was compared with insulin changing the particle size would affect the protein alone as a control (0.1% insulin... in the system...

176

E-Print Network 3.0 - atrophy affecting individuals Sample Search...  

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Sample search results for: atrophy affecting individuals Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Brain . Author manuscript Posterior cingulate hypometabolism in early Alzheimers disease:...

177

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects mibg retention Sample Search Results  

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constipation, functional fecal retention, and non-retentive fecal soiling. A... time. Boys and girls are equally affected. 12;Infant Dyschezia Dyschezia ... Source: Louisiana...

178

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting recruitment dynamics Sample Search...  

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search results for: affecting recruitment dynamics Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Climate change effects on rangeland resources Summary: Moffet USDA-ARS 12;Population dynamics...

179

How the pitch of a holey optical fiber affects its lightguide properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper discusses how scaling (increasing) the transverse dimensions of a holey optical quartz fiber affects its lightguide properties. It is established that a limiting pitch...

Dukel'skii, K V; Kondrat'ev, Yu N; Komarov, A V; Ter-Nersesyants, E V; Khokhlov, A V; Shevandin, V S

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects life history Sample Search Results  

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41 Animal personalities and the divergence of life histories Summary: how life- history decisions that have already been made affect the costs and benefits of deci- sions......

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181

E-Print Network 3.0 - affected children independent Sample Search...  

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Families and Children is an independent, non- partisan 501(c)(3) non... attachment theory and research to inform decisions affecting the placements of ... Source: McQuade,...

182

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects foraging behavior Sample Search...  

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for consumers of multiple resources Summary: ). Food chemistry may also affect foraging decisions through its influence on resource allocation... little attention in optimal...

183

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects bone parameters Sample Search Results  

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of bone quality will ultimately affect physical and morpho- logic parameters... fracture rates are most closely associated with ... Source: Rubin, Clinton T.- Department of...

184

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting cardiac fibrosis Sample Search...  

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affecting cardiac fibrosis Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Reversible cardiac fibrosis and heart failure induced by conditional expression of an antisense mRNA of the...

185

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect water relations Sample Search Results  

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corrosive water affects the entire household plumbing system... on water testing and treatment and issues ... Source: Liskiewicz, Maciej - Institut fr Theoretische Informatik,...

186

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects water relations Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

corrosive water affects the entire household plumbing system... on water testing and treatment and issues ... Source: Liskiewicz, Maciej - Institut fr Theoretische Informatik,...

187

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect glucose disposal Sample Search Results  

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glucoseinsulin regulatory system and ultradian Summary: the changes of the glucose infusion rate affect the sustained oscillations. Fig. 11 demonstrates... Journal of...

188

E-Print Network 3.0 - adversely affect development Sample Search...  

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conditions. The U.S. alone is operating several hun- dred spacecraft today. Space weather can adversely... affect satellite operations, commu- nications, space-based and...

189

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting seed yield Sample Search Results  

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and size distribution. Seed... for scab, sanitation is the best defense, storage of potato seed tubers before and after cutting can affect... plant ... Source: Liskiewicz,...

190

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect thermal dissipation Sample Search...  

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10 In the design of high-performance computer systems, power and temperature Summary: and remote routers affects that router's temperature. Because each router's power and thermal...

191

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects protein synthesis Sample Search...  

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Molecular Biology, Uppsala University, Sweden Summary: , inhibit ribosome assisted protein folding (in vitro), but do not affect protein 12;synthesis... the role of the ribosome...

192

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting protein folding Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

protein folding Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affecting protein folding Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Current status of membrane...

193

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect microtubule dynamics Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

polymeric filaments that provide architectural support and also participate Summary: are interrelated, such that the dynamics of one type of filament can affect the dynam- ics of...

194

An adult accelerated degree program| Student and instructor perspectives and factors that affect retention.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This was a blended qualitative and quantitative study, which investigated adult student and instructor perspectives, motivators, factors and life events that have affected adult… (more)

Manjounes, Cindy K.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

E-Print Network 3.0 - affective function review Sample Search...  

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of interest that are relevant to the functions to be performed in the course of the peer review... as affecting your judgment in matters within the assigned ... Source:...

196

Seeing the Invisible: Educating the Public on Planetary Magnetic Fields and How they Affect Atmospheres  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seeing the Invisible: Educating the Public on Planetary Magnetic Fields and How they Affect to visualize ­ invisible · But planetary magnetic field and charged particle environments (magnetospheres

Fillingim, Matthew

197

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects short-term recovery Sample Search...  

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Obviously if the outdated node crashes the recovery process ends... , and how it is affected by the linear recovery interaction. The following section is devoted... present...

198

E-Print Network 3.0 - arctic populations affects Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

prohibit, commercial fishing for Arctic fish and to ensure subsistence fishing is not affected... and uncertain population dynamics and abundance. Under the ... Source: NOAA Marine...

199

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting bacterial community Sample Search...  

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Summary: of soil bacteria and documenting how soil bacterial communities are affected by specific environmental... The diversity and biogeography of soil bacterial...

200

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects regional precipitation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: of precipitation trends over the two regions, as they are also directly affected by the South Asian monsoon... Regional summer precipitation events in Asia and their...

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201

E-Print Network 3.0 - abiotic factors affecting Sample Search...  

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biota (i.e. Structural change causes abiotic change; see above). In the first... is affected solely by the abiotic ... Source: Byers, James "Jeb" - School of Ecology, University...

202

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect calcium handling Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Health, Safety and Environment Summary: ) Irrigate with water. b) Submerge affected finger(s) in the 23% calcium gluconate solution. c) Add ice... and then apply calcium...

203

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects leaf nutrition Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

). Trichoplusia ni Preference for Nicotiana tabacum. Leaf position signicantly affected T. ni consumption (F 4... and de- velopmental rates, is new. C. scripta feeding was...

204

E-Print Network 3.0 - affected zones exposed Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

shore zone. Especially if water levels fluctuate... ). Shore zone animals also are affected by the ... Source: Strayer, David L. - Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies...

205

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect headwater stream Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

than... . Relative to larger streams and rivers that are fed by upstream networks and affected by cumulative upstream... by headwater streams, ... Source: Lowe, Winsor H. -...

206

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects stomatal conductance Sample Search...  

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total daily water use, estimates of mean daily stomatal conductance were not affected... on a leaf varies constantly, the rate of change in ... Source: Teskey, Robert O. -...

207

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting eggshell quality Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Captive American kestrels (Falco sparverius) were bred for one... . EMF exposure affected reproductive success of kestrels, increasing fertility, egg size, embryonic Source:...

208

E-Print Network 3.0 - agricultural practices affecting Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

area. Agricultural... ? 12;Huge amount of area > of earth's terrestrial surface affected by agriculture 13 agriculture... Integrating Conservation and Agriculture Stacy...

209

E-Print Network 3.0 - affective lability scale Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to the author for internal non-commercial research Summary: not significantly affected by warming. For all measured pools, only labile and microbial biomass C fractions...

210

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects microbial activity Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

products and affect bacteria composition ... Source: Jawitz, James W. - Soil and Water Science Department, University of Florida Collection: Environmental Sciences and...

211

E-Print Network 3.0 - affected granular soils Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

platy, prismlike, and blocklike (see Figure 3... ). Soil structure affects soil water movement when a soil is saturated with water. Water can move quickly... between...

212

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect ecosystem metabolism Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

America Summary: . Stoichiometry of the net ecosystem metabolism in a coastal inlet affected by upwelling. The Ria de Arousa (NW... act as resource subsidies to many...

213

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect aggregate turnover Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of GRSP research has focused on its relationship with aggregate water stability... ecosystem warming positively affects arbuscular mycor- rhizae but ... Source: Rilli, Matthias...

214

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting phytoplankton growth Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

on the growth of brackish water phytoplankton but that different algal groups may be affected... underwater light intensity of the freshwater tidal reaches, growth of...

215

AFFECT Notice of Intent June 27, 2013 CO and Legal Comments July 3, 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Document details the Assisting Federal Facilities with Energy Conservation Technologies (AFFECT) Notice of Intent on June 27, 2013 and the legal comments on July 3, 2013.

216

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting soil erosion Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Mathematics 2 Soil Quality Information Sheet Rangeland Soil Quality--Water Erosion Summary: and in roadbeds. Many vegetation and soil properties affect the risk...

217

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting female fertility Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in the behavior and Summary: Abstract I will determine how female breeding coloration (FBC) affects mate choice by male long... and fertilization take place during ovulation...

218

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect oviposition preference Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

c-album Correspondence... it is clear that plant availability does affect host and patch preference on larger spatial scales (Thomas... ' willingness to oviposit on a plant...

219

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects browning susceptibility Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Multidisciplinary Databases and Resources 4 Turfgrass Disease Profiles Brown Patch Summary: with brown margins occur on all affected grass species but are most evident...

220

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects understorey plant Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

vascular plant diversity... of mea- surement) at a fine scale (representing a patch or neighbour- hood scale for understorey plants... allowed to affect light...

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221

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting sensory attributes Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

on Summary: of sensory stimuli available from prey strongly affected patch residence time, with spiders using primarily... that shows sensory cues from prey...

222

E-Print Network 3.0 - affective symptoms Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Advanced Search Sample search results for: affective symptoms Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 HEALTH CARE UTILIZATION Recognition and Interpretation Summary: and retrospectively...

223

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect radiation response Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

12;Radiative Forcings: Shortwave Forcings... What about gases that affect the greenhouse effect? Radiative forcing for greenhouse gases: Instantly... ;Radiative Forcings In ......

224

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting carbon tetrachloride Sample Search...  

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Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affecting carbon tetrachloride Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Glossary of Volatile Organic Compounds...

225

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects pre-mrna splicing Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

nonsense: exonic mutations that affect splicing. Nat Rev Genet 3:285-298. 14. Fairbrother WG, Yeh... Alternative splicing: current perspectives Eddo Kim, Amir Goren, and...

226

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect cell growth Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

, and differentiation of individual cells in order to identify elements of cell history and ancestry that affect... whereby some cells sporulate whereas others utilize...

227

E-Print Network 3.0 - anatomic variables affecting Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: anatomic variables affecting Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Journal of Mathematical Imaging and Vision, ??, 117 (????) c...

228

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect fatty acid Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biochemistry 221: 127132, 2001. 2001 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. Summary: -binding protein cDNA does not affect fatty acid uptake but disturbs...

229

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects arbovirus infection Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

were... -borne zoono- sis; it affects ruminants and is characterized by high rates of abortion and death in young... , RVFV reached the Arabian Peninsula (1). Animals are...

230

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting health-related quality Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

that affect quality of life and influence healthy (and unhealthy... .e. Walkability, bicycle-friendly) Assessing factors that position communities as health-related...

231

How Photosynthesis in Laminaria digitata and Saccharina latissima is Affected by Water Temperature.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The aim of this thesis is to give insight into how a short term exposure to higher water temperatures affect photosynthesis in two of… (more)

Aamot, Inga Arnesen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect bleaching efficiency Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Geosciences 2 MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser Summary: in temperature, light, sedimentation, and current speed might have affected bleaching dif- ferently across...

233

Inefficient Transmission of H5N1 Influenza Viruses in a Ferret Contact Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...influenza H5N1 outbreaks in Romanian and...a transmission model for influenza...2005. Avian flu: isolation of...a transmission model for human influenza...Animals Disease Models, Animal Disease Outbreaks Ferrets immunology...

Hui-Ling Yen; Aleksandr S. Lipatov; Natalia A. Ilyushina; Elena A. Govorkova; John Franks; Neziha Yilmaz; Alan Douglas; Alan Hay; Scott Krauss; Jerold E. Rehg; Erich Hoffmann; Robert G. Webster

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

234

Replacing Inefficient Equipment - An Engineering Analysis to Justify Purchasing A More Efficient Chiller  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Figures 4 and 5 respectively. Figure 4 shows the data pattern of the trended chiller tonnage versus time. The chiller tonnage was below 100 tons most of the time during the period of late October, 2002 to late March 2003 and was as high as 250 tons... during the summer. Demand use follows the same pattern as the tonnage since demand is a function of the cooling required and the efficiency of the chillers. During the period of middle October 2002 to late March 2003, the chiller demand...

Chen, H.; Deng, S.; Claridge, D. E.; Turner, W. D.; Bensouda, N.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Essays on Regression Spline Structural Nonparametric Stochastic Production Frontier Estimation and Inefficiency Analysis Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and concavity constraints required by microeconomic theory. However it is inflexible and implies undesired assumptions as well. The Trans-log function is very flexible and does not imply undesired assumptions, yet it is very hard to impose both monotonicity...

Li, Ke

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

236

Galaxies on FIRE (Feedback In Realistic Environments): stellar feedback explains cosmologically inefficient star formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Krumholz et-al. 2011; Tasker 2011; Wise et-al. 2012). Interestingly, in the...Lucile Packard Foundation, and the Thomas Alison Schneider Chair in Physics. REFERENCES...McKee C. F. ApJ (1997) 476:166. Wise J. H. , Abel T., Turk M. J., Norman......

Philip F. Hopkins; Dušan Kereš; José Oñorbe; Claude-André Faucher-Giguère; Eliot Quataert; Norman Murray; James S. Bullock

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

DOE Requires Air-Con International to Cease Sales of Inefficient...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

requiring Air-Con to submit detailed information about the energy consumption of its products and how Air-Con marketed and sold them in the United States. Based on Air-Con's...

238

Inefficiency in Forward Markets with Supply Friction Desmond W. H. Cai and Adam Wierman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. However, we also show that, when the system is capacity-constrained, there may not exist equilibria their renewable portfolios. For example, California has set the goal that 33% of its electricity should come from renewable sources by 2020. Wind and solar energy are expected to play major roles in achieving these goals

Wierman, Adam

239

Inefficiencies and Market Power in Financial Arbitrage: A Study of California's Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J. and S. Oren (1997). “Transmission Pricing in California’sFor pur- poses of transmission pricing, the California ISOdescription of transmission pricing in the California

Borenstein, Severin; Bushnell, James; Knittel, Christopher R.; Wolfram, Catherine

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

The Inherent Inefficiency of the Point-to-Point Congestion Revenue Right Auction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

right, electricity auction, simultaneous feasibility, transmission pricing. 1 Introduction Financial

Oren, Shmuel S.

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Principle-agent Incentives, Excess Caution, and Market Inefficiency: Evidence from Utility Regulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with an endowment of gas reserves, q , for which it hasin which they had sold reserves of gas that could have beena reluctance to sell reserves of gas that arises from the

Borenstein, Severin; Busse, Meghan; Kellog, Ryan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Principal-agent incentives, excess caution, and market inefficiency: Evidence from utility regulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with an endowment of gas reserves, q , for which it hasin which they had sold reserves of gas that could have beena reluctance to sell reserves of gas that arises from the

Borenstein, Severin; Busse, Meghan; KELLOGG, RYAN M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Retrofitting Inefficient Rooftop Air-Conditioning Units Reduces U.S. Navy Energy Use (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of the U.S. Navy's overall energy strategy, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) partnered with the Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC) to demonstrate market-ready energy efficiency measures, renewable energy generation, and energy systems integration. One such technology - retrofitting rooftop air-conditioning units with an advanced rooftop control system - was identified as a promising source for reducing energy use and costs, and can contribute to increasing energy security.

Not Available

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Arizona: Solar Panels Replace Inefficient Fossil Fuel-Powered Energy Systems  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

State Energy Program project results in annual estimated cost savings of $313,000 for reduced consumption of gasoline, diesel, propane, and electricity.

245

Measuring plant level energy efficiency in China's energy sector in the presence of allocative inefficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Most studies on measuring China's energy efficiency were conducted in the framework of the input-oriented Data Envelopment Analysis. This approach generally calculates the technical efficiency by shrinking all the input factors equally proportionally subject to the observed output still being producible. Thus, all the input factor efficiencies, including the energy efficiency, are measured as the technical efficiency. One drawback of this approach is the presumption of an identical input factor frontier for all input factors and of unrestricted factor substitutability. The present study employs a stochastic frontier analysis approach to measuring energy efficiency that not only allows for non-identical input factor frontiers, but also controls for the effects on the measure of energy efficiency of substitution away from energy or substitution of energy for non-energy factors. This approach is applied to evaluating the efficiency performances of three types of energy amongst a sample of coal mines, petroleum refineries and power plants in China's energy sector which is specifically targeted by the Chinese government to improve energy efficiency.

Baiding Hu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

http://www.jstor.org Chemical Ions Affect Survival of Avian Cholera Organisms in Pondwater  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

http://www.jstor.org Chemical Ions Affect Survival of Avian Cholera Organisms in Pondwater Author their work and the materials they rely upon, and to build a common research platform that promotes whether chemical ions affected survival of avian choleraorganismsin water collected from the Nebraska

Yandell, Brian S.

247

Does the infrasound from wind turbines affect the inner ear? Alec N. Salt1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Does the infrasound from wind turbines affect the inner ear? Alec N. Salt1 1 Washington University turbines adversely affects human health. The unweighted spectrum of wind turbine noise slowly rises (needing over 120 dB SPL to detect 2 Hz) it is claimed that infrasound generated by wind turbines is below

Salt, Alec N.

248

Larval memory affects adult nest-mate recognition in the ant Aphaenogaster senilis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...nervous system shares many fundamental similarities with that...parent and adoptive) does not affect the degree...recognition, which is fundamental to maintain cooperation...preimaginal learning does not affect the adoptees...development. In The Handbook of developmental psychology...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

A study of effect affecting to energy in drying processby failure modes and effect analysis (FMEA)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this research was to study the effect affecting energy in drying process for decreasing humidity. The residual humidity in Para wood affects to expand or shrink when they are fabricated or assembled in window or door frame wood. Finally, ... Keywords: drying process, factorial design, failure modes and effect analysis (FMEA)

Vanchai Laemlaksakul

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Inter-electrode tissue resistance is not affected by tissue edema when electrically  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Inter-electrode tissue resistance is not affected by tissue edema when electrically stimulating-electrode resistance and thus require a different approach to using non-invasive electrical stimulation of nerves region. These fluid accumulations affect segmental and total body resistance [6, 7]. Electrical therapy

Durfee, William K.

251

Development of frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) and heart rate (ECG) responses to affective musical stimuli  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development of frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) and heart rate (ECG) responses to affective) and heart rate (ECG) responses to affective musical stimuli during the first 12 months of post-natal life at which time regional EEG and ECG responses were continuously recorded during a baseline condition

Trainor, Laurel J.

252

FACTORS AFFECTING MACROPHYTE AND FISH DISTRIBUTION IN COASTAL WETLANDS OF GEORGIAN BAY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FACTORS AFFECTING MACROPHYTE AND FISH DISTRIBUTION IN COASTAL WETLANDS OF GEORGIAN BAY #12;FACTORS AFFECTING MACROPHYTE AND FISH DISTRIBUTION IN COASTAL WETLANDS OF GEORGIAN BAY By MAJA CVETKOVIC, B and fish distribution in coastal wetlands of Georgian Bay AUTHOR: Maja Cvetkovic, B.Sc. (Mc

McMaster University

253

AFFECTED DOCUMENT  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

rr-osams rr-osams ADMIN RCD _ RESPONSE TRACKING INFORMATION I 'OWED BY: (ORG) I TARGET DATE { I CLOSING CCN COMPL. DATE { CLOSING REF I I lOWED BY: (ORG) { { I { { TARGET DATE I CLOSING CCN COMPL DATE CLOSING REF TECHNICAL SERVICES DIVISION (TSD) BACKFIT (Documents dated prior to 1 November 1988) FUSRAP COMMUNICATIONS DISTRIBUTION DOEIORO TECHNICAL SERVICES DIVISION (CE·53) BECHTEL NATIONAL, INC. -JOB 14501 _-....Iome....:.-R..%.JI&~S::....:::S.::...- TO_---.,!5~Z~IJ~u..~ COMM DATE &6 tlJ t.e ADDR CODE I I I I CLOSES CCN WBS _....:,;},=(J ........ 2._--- _ NUMBER ST SUBJECT CODE 70()O DOE FILE NO. _ SUBJECT NFs S RESIDIJAl.J OIJR;T 1tJ/UL t2U /DffG-./NE.5 ~..:ll..Jll~~l...3Io.,;~..:ll..Jll~~Io....JIo,.;~~~~Io....JIo,.;~~~~Io....JIo,.;:Io....1.~~~"""";:Io....1.~CCN _

254

Kenya-Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Hydro Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type Publications Website http://sgp.undp.org/download/S Country Kenya UN Region Eastern Africa References Kenya Micro Hydro [1] Kenya-Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project Screenshot Background "This project sought to remove the policy, technical and institutional barriers that limited the development and use of renewable energy sources

255

Supercomputing and Energy in China: How Investment in HPC Affects Oil Security  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in HPC Affects Oil Security Jordan WILSON Researcher, StudyChina’s energy security challenge briefly, an oil deficit ofOil Weapon: Myth of China’s Vulnerability,” China Security,

WILSON, Jordan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

MINIMIZING THE BONDLINE THERMAL RESISTANCE IN THERMAL INTERFACE MATERIALS WITHOUT AFFECTING RELIABILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MINIMIZING THE BONDLINE THERMAL RESISTANCE IN THERMAL INTERFACE MATERIALS WITHOUT AFFECTING microstructure, and bondline thermal resistance with the tradeoffs between material systems, manufacturability of devices to heat sinks using existing commercial thermal interface materials (TIMs). The present study

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

257

Factors Affecting the Fragmentation of Peptide Ions: Metal Cationization and Fragmentation Timescale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The factors affecting peptide fragmentation have been extensively studied in the literature in order to better predict the fragment ion spectra of peptides and proteins. While there are countless influences to consider, metal cation binding...

Kmiec, Kevin

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

258

How Sales Taxes Affect Customer and Firm Behavior: The Role of Search on the Internet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When a multichannel retailer opens its first retail store in a state, the firm is obligated to collect sales taxes on all Internet and catalog orders shipped to that state. This article assesses how opening a store affects ...

Anderson, Eric T.

259

Project Summary This project is to investigate how hypoxia affects the production of specific types of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project Summary This project is to investigate how hypoxia affects the production of specific and established procedures in the GrandeAllen lab. The figure below outlines the experimental setup

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

260

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects cotton plant Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

cotton plant Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affects cotton plant Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Course Description Form Department or...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "affecting inefficient state-owned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects fruit set Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

fruit set Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affects fruit set Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Oecologia (Berlin) (1987) 74:203-208...

262

Heart rate variability and respiratory sinus arrhythmia assessment of affective states by bivariate autoregressive spectral analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The study of emotions elicited by human-computer interactions is a promising field that could lead to the identification of specific patterns of affective states. We present a heart rate variability (HRV) assessment of the ...

Magagnin, Valentina

263

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects motor coordination Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Volume 18 2 The enzymatic properties of molecular motors are affected by any applied load... such as kinesin are coordinated, so that they remain out of sync', in order to...

264

Fast hydrogen exchange affects 15N relaxation measurements in intrinsically disordered proteins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Unprotected amide protons can undergo fast hydrogen exchange (HX) with protons from the solvent. Generally, NMR experiments using the out-and-back coherence transfer with amide proton detection are affected by...

Seho Kim; Kuen-Phon Wu; Jean Baum

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Factors Affecting Carbohydrate Production and the Formation of Transparent Exopolymer Particles (TEP) by Diatoms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diatoms exude large amounts of exopolymers (EPS), which are predominantly composed of carbohydrates. EPS may coagulate into transparent exopolymer particles (TEP). Sticky TEP affects the formation of aggregates and marine snow, and consequently...

Chen, Jie

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

266

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects brain activity Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

brain activity Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affects brain activity Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Public release date: 5-Feb-2008 ...

267

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect health-related quality-of-life Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

health-related quality-of-life Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affect health-related quality-of-life Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1...

268

How El Nino affects energy consumption: a study at national and regional levels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for home heating purposes. Hydroelectricity may also be affected by ENSO in the southeastern US but the results at this time are inconclusive. At the national level, ENSO influences the consumption of nuclear electricity....

Collins, Kathleen Jo

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

269

Radon levels and doses in dwellings in two villages in Kosovo, affected by depleted uranium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Kosovo, affected by depleted uranium G. Nafezi 1 A. Gregoric...the study was hit by depleted uranium projectiles during...M. , Haldimann M. Depleted uranium in Kosovo: an assessment...exposure for aid workers. Health Phys. (2002) 82......

G. Nafezi; A. Gregoric; J. Vaupotic; M. Bahtijari; M. Kuqali

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Radon levels and doses in dwellings in two villages in Kosovo, affected by depleted uranium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......villages in Kosovo, affected by depleted uranium G. Nafezi 1 A. Gregoric 2...included in the study was hit by depleted uranium projectiles during the North...1999. Although no impact of depleted uranium on radon levels has been observed......

G. Nafezi; A. Gregoric; J. Vaupotic; M. Bahtijari; M. Kuqali

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects odontoblast gene Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: mice expression of the other non-targeted Runx genes is not affected (Stricker et al., 2002; Yamashiro... in these epithelia is regulated by TGF-b is an interesting...

272

9.68 Affect: Biological, Psychological, and Social Aspects of "Feelings'', Spring 2002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Affect is to cognition and behavior as feeling is to thinking and acting or as values are to beliefs and practices. Subject considers these relations, both at the psychological level of organization and in terms of their ...

Chorover, Stephan L.

273

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects starch accumulation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

starch Summary: the rate of starch synthesis and affects the composition of starch in potato tubers (Geigenber- ger et al... al. 1988) can accumulate as much as 15% of the normal...

274

E-Print Network 3.0 - artificial geyser affecting Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

at http:www.idealibrary.com on Summary: that local meteorology does not affect the loss of heat from the water column, geysers have a fairly constant... of it, tides may...

275

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect inbreeding depression Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

search results for: affect inbreeding depression Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 TRENDS in Ecology & Evolution Vol.17 No.5 May 2002 http:tree.trends.com 0169-534702 see front...

276

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects clinal variation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Sample search results for: affects clinal variation Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Ecology, 89(11) Supplement, 2008, pp. S91S107 2008 by the Ecological Society of America...

277

Learning with invisible others: Perceptions of online presence and their relationship to cognitive and affective learning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Russo, T., & Benson, S. (2005). Learning with Invisible Others: Perceptions of Online Presence and their Relationship to Cognitive and Affective Learning, Educational Technology & Society, 8 (1), 54-62. Learning with Invisible Others...

Russo, Tracy; Benson, Spencer

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting calcium oxalate Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

by fungi or fungal) leave mineralogical (metal oxalates) and organic traces on the affected rock... at 3462 cm-1. These values are in good agreement with the pub- lished Raman...

279

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects effective matrix Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

84(6), 2003, pp. 15061516 2003 by the Ecological Society of America Summary: at the patch level. Matrix composition also affected the pattern of movement through the matrix......

280

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect radiation sensitivity Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

F A T M O S P H E R I C S C I E N C E S Summary: What about gases that affect the greenhouse effect? Radiative forcing for greenhouse gases: Instantly... shortwave forcings next...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "affecting inefficient state-owned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

33 CFR 322: Permits for Structures or Work in or Affecting Navigable...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: 33 CFR 322: Permits for Structures or Work in or Affecting Navigable Waters of the United StatesLegal Abstract These regulations...

282

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting endovascular stent Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

results for: affecting endovascular stent Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Annals of Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 33, No. 4, April 2005 ( 2005) pp. 444456 DOI: 10.1007...

283

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects alkaline phosphatase Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7, 589-598, May 1995 O 1995 American Society of Plant Physiologists The Activation of the Potato PR-lOa Gene Requires the Summary: is affected by alkaline phosphatase only in...

284

Pearl millet: parboiling methods and factors affecting the process and cooked product  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PEARL MILLET: PARBOILING METHODS AND FACTORS AFFECTING THE PROCESS AND COOKED PRODUCT A Thesis by CHALLY JOEL CLEGG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies Texas A8 M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1991 Major Subject: Food Science and Technology PEARL MILLET: PARBOILING METHODS AND FACTORS AFFECTING THE PROCESS AND COOKED PRODUCT A Thesis by CHALLY JOEL CLEGG Approved as to style and content by: LI d W. Roon...

Clegg, Chally Joel

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

285

Factors affecting the cooking and extrusion properties of sorghum for noodle production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FACTORS AFFECTING THE COOKING AND EXTRUSION PROPERTIES OF SORGHUM FOR NOODLE PRODUCTION A Thesis by ROSEMARY IKALAFENG LEKALAKE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1993 Major Subject: Food Science and Technology FACTORS AFFECTING THE COOKING AND EXTRUSION PROPERTIES OF SORGHUM FOR NOODLE PRODUCTION A Thesis by ROSEMARy IKALAFENG LEKALAKE Approved as to style and content by...

Lekalake, Rosemary Ikalafeng

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

286

Multiple time courses of salivary alpha-amylase and dimensions of affect in adolescence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary Previous research has illustrated associations among daily experiences, emotions and stress-responding physiological systems. Recently, investigators have examined salivary alpha-amylase (sAA), a surrogate marker of the autonomic nervous system, and its associations with affect. The current study examined associations among affective valence, arousal and sAA across three different time courses at the momentary, daily and inter-individual level to understand varying influences of adolescents’ daily emotional experiences on sAA reactivity and diurnal sAA activity. Adolescents (N = 82) provided salivary samples and diary reports of affect and experiences five times a day for three consecutive days. They also completed self-report questionnaires on trait affect. Findings from multilevel growth curves demonstrated that adolescents in our sample displayed typical sAA diurnal rhythms with levels dropping 30 min after waking and then increasing across the day to a peak in the late afternoon. Within person momentary experiences of high arousal positive affect were associated with momentary sAA reactivity. Prior day experiences of high arousal negative affect were associated with a greater amylase awakening response (i.e., greater decrease) and flatter slopes the next day. Trait positive affect was also associated with flatter sAA slopes. Our findings suggest that both affective arousal and valence should be accounted for when examining differences in sAA reactivity and diurnal patterns. Further, our results indicated that emotion-physiology transactions among adolescents occur over varying time scales for salivary alpha-amylase as well as cortisol.

Leah D. Doane; Scott A. Van Lenten

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Altered Amino Acid Sequence Affects Amyloid Formation In A?(25-35)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ALTERED AMINO ACID SEQUENCE AFFECTS AMYLOID FORMATION IN A?(25-35) A Senior Scholars Thesis by MORGAN CHATEAU Submitted to the Office of Undergraduate Research Texas A&M University In partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the designation as UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR April 2007 Majors: Biochemistry and Genetics ALTERED AMINO ACID SEQUENCE AFFECTS AMYLOID FORMATION IN A?(25-35) A Senior Scholars Thesis by MORGAN CHATEAU Submitted to the Office...

Chateau, Morgan

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

288

Depressive and anxiety disorders in primary care: factors affecting physicians' use of screening information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEPRESSIVE AND ANXIETY DISORDERS IN PRIMARY CARE: FACTORS AFFECTING PHYSICIANS' USE OF SCREENING INFORMATION A Thesis by ASHLEY MEREDITH MANER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASrM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1999 Major Subject: Psychology DEPRESSIVE AND ANXIETY DISORDERS IN PRIMARY CARE: FACTORS AFFECTING PHYSICIANS* USE OF SCREENING INFORMATION A Thesis by ASHLEY MEREDITH MANER Submitted to Texas A...

Maner, Ashley Meredith

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

289

Institutional processes affecting the provision of water resources for public recreational use in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INSTITUTIONAL PROCESSES AFFECTING THE PROVISION OF WATER RESOURCES FOR PUBLIC RECREATIO'NAL USE IN TEXAS A Thesis by WILLIAM EARI RICHARDSON Submitted to the Graduate College cf Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1975 Major Subject: Recreation and Resources Development INSTITUTIONAL PROCESSES AFFECTING THE PROVISION OF WATER RESOURCES FOR PUBLIC RECREATIONAL USE IN TEXAS A Thesis by WILLIAM EARL RICHARDSON Approved...

Richardson, William Earl

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

290

Factors affecting the permanence of livestock projects undertaken by Heifer International-Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FACTORS AFFECTING THE PERMANENCE OF LIVESTOCK PROJECTS UNDERTAKEN BY HEIFER INTERNATIONAL-MEXICO A Thesis by SERGIO ADRIAN ARISPE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2003 Major Subject: Agricultural Education FACTORS AFFECTING THE PERMANENCE OF LIVESTOCK PROJECTS UNDERTAKEN BY HEIFER INTERNATIONAL-MEXICO A Thesis by SERGIO ADRIAN ARISPE Submitted to Texas A&M University...

Arispe, Sergio Adrian

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

291

Factors affecting the recovery of petroleum in projects involving the injection of liquefied petroleum gases (LPG)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FACTORS AFFECTING THE RECOVERY OF PETROLEUM IN PROJECTS INVOLVING THE INJECTION OF LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES (LPG) A Thesis By GERRY A. GRAHAM Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August, 1961 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering GERRY A. GRAHAM FACTORS AFFECTING THE RECOVERY OF PETROLEUM IN PROJECTS INVOLVING THE INJECTION OF LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES (LPG) A...

Graham, Gerry A

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

292

Factors affecting properties of pork sausage patties made with reduced salt contents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FACTORS AFFECTING PROPERTIES OF PORK SAUSAGE PATTIES MADE WITH REDUCED SALT CONTENTS A Thesis by ROBERT GERARD MATLOCK Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1983 Major Subject: Food Science and Technology FACTORS AFFECTING PROPERTIES OF PORK SAUSAGE PATTIES MADE MITH REDUCED SALT CONTENTS A Thesis by ROBERT GERARD MATLOCK Approved as to style and content by: erre (Co...

Matlock, Robert Gerard

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

293

Location of odor sources and the affected population in Imperial County, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is divided into four sections. The first two sections contain general background information on Imperial County. The third section is a general discussion of odor sources in Imperial County, and the fourth maps the specific odor sources, the expected areas of perception, and the affected populations. this mapping is done for the Imperial Valley and each of the four Imperial County KGRA's (Known Geothermal Resource Areas) where odor from the development of the geothermal energy may affect population.

Hahn, J.L.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Sulfolipid Deficiency Does Not Affect the Virulence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv in Mice and Guinea Pigs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...p. 363-461. In M. Kates (ed.), Handbook of lipid research: glycolipids, phosphoglycolipids...56: 2876-2883. Sulfolipid deficiency does not affect the virulence of Mycobacterium...all expectations, sulfolipid deficiency does not significantly affect the replication...

Cécile Rousseau; Oliver C. Turner; Erik Rush; Yann Bordat; Tatiana D. Sirakova; Pappachan E. Kolattukudy; Shannon Ritter; Ian M. Orme; Brigitte Gicquel; Mary Jackson

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Light-induced Photoactivation of Hypericin Affects the Energy Metabolism of Human Glioma Cells by Inhibiting Hexokinase Bound to Mitochondria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Experimental Therapeutics Light-induced Photoactivation...Hypericin Affects the Energy Metabolism of Human...of glioma tumors. Light-induced photoactivation...hypericin affects the energy metabolism of human...December 15. 1998] Light-induced Photoactivation...Hypericin Affects the Energy Metabolism of Human...

Laurent Miccoli; Arnaud Beurdeley-Thomas; Gonzague De Pinieux; Franck Sureau; Stéphane Oudard; Bernard Dutrillaux; and Marie-France Poupon

1998-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

296

EIA - AEO2010 - Factors affecting the relationship betwen crude oil and  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Factors affecting the relationship betweeen crude oil and natural gas prices Factors affecting the relationship betweeen crude oil and natural gas prices Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Factors affecting the relationship between crude oil and natural gas prices Background Over the 1995-2005 period, crude oil prices and U.S. natural gas prices tended to move together, which supported the conclusion that the markets for the two commodities were connected. Figure 26 illustrates the fairly stable ratio over that period between the price of low-sulfur light crude oil at Cushing, Oklahoma, and the price of natural gas at the Henry Hub on an energy-equivalent basis. Figure 26. Ratio of low-sulfur light crude oil prices to natural gas prices on an energy-equivalent basis, 1995-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo

297

How the Recovery Act is Affecting Small Business Innovation | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

the Recovery Act is Affecting Small Business Innovation the Recovery Act is Affecting Small Business Innovation How the Recovery Act is Affecting Small Business Innovation August 2, 2010 - 5:20pm Addthis Dr. Kristina Johnson We invest in our country's small businesses because small businesses invest back in our economy. With small businesses creating nearly two out of every three net new jobs, you probably have a friend, neighbor or family member who makes their livelihood by working for a small business. These employees enter an environment that supports innovation and ingenuity, as small businesses invest in research and new programs to spur economic growth and reduce our country's energy usage. Last week, I wrote about our Phase III awards, $30 million in funding available to be awarded to help qualified small businesses bring their

298

Factors affecting the coagulation properties of skimmilk and characteristics of cultured buttermilk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rected by: Dr. H, E. Randolph The effect of heat treatment, homogen1zation, and added calcium chloride (CaC12) on curd firmness and acid production and the effect of homogenizati on on the viscosity, ac1di ty, and whey-off of cultured buttermilk were... skimm11k before culturing increased the viscosity of cultured buttermilk made from WMT negative skimmilk by 3X, but did not affect the viscos1ty of cultured buttermilk made from WNT positive skimmilk. Homogen1zat1on d1d not affect whey...

Bollinger, Dean Herman

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

299

Update on State Air Emission Regulations That Affect Electric Power Producers (released in AEO2005)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Several states have recently enacted air emission regulations that will affect the electricity generation sector. The regulations are intended to improve air quality in the states and assist them in complying with the revised 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for ground-level ozone and fine particulates. The affected states include Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Texas, and Washington. The regulations govern emissions of NOx, SO2, CO2, and mercury from power plants.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

How Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? How Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? September 23, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis On Monday, Chris told you about his new ceiling fan and how it's changed the way he cools his home. In warm weather, ceiling fans cool people (not rooms) by producing a wind-chill effect-which is why you should turn off fans when you leave the room. A ceiling fan allows you to raise the thermostat setting about 4°F with no reduction in comfort. Ceiling fans don't just cool in the summer; you can also reverse the direction in the winter to provide an updraft and force warm air down into the room. How has a ceiling fan affected the way you heat and cool your home? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

How Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? How Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? September 23, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis On Monday, Chris told you about his new ceiling fan and how it's changed the way he cools his home. In warm weather, ceiling fans cool people (not rooms) by producing a wind-chill effect-which is why you should turn off fans when you leave the room. A ceiling fan allows you to raise the thermostat setting about 4°F with no reduction in comfort. Ceiling fans don't just cool in the summer; you can also reverse the direction in the winter to provide an updraft and force warm air down into the room. How has a ceiling fan affected the way you heat and cool your home? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question

302

Assessment of critical parameters that affect the seismic performance of bridge steel pedestals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of these steel pedestals, and should be given a careful consideration before usage. It was also shown that the stiffness of the expansion joints does not significantly affect the displacement of the steel pedestals and the forces transmitted to them. However...

Srivastava, Siddharth

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

303

Carbon Capture and Sequestration: how much does this uncertain option affect near-term policy choices?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon Capture and Sequestration: how much does this uncertain option affect near-term policy Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) as a key option to avoid costly emission reduction. While Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) technologies are receiving increasing atten- tion, mainly

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

304

Elevated CO2 affects shell dissolution rate but not calcification rate in a marine snail  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Research articles 1001 60 69 70 Elevated CO2 affects shell dissolution rate but not calcification...authors contributed equally to this work. As CO2 levels increase in the atmosphere, so too...Although direct effects of moderately elevated CO2 in sea water may be of little consequence...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

How affects can perturbe the automatic speech recognition of domotic interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

{frederic.aman, veronique.auberge, michel.vacher}@imag.fr Abstract In Smart Home, the vocal home automation included to the home automation controls. That is that one main problem of ASR systems, in such context (directed to the smart home, or to a robot mediator), they become often pronounced with various affects

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

306

Magnetically affected texture and microstructure evolution during grain growth in Zirconium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetically affected texture and microstructure evolution during grain growth in Zirconium Dmitri.bozzolo@mines-paristech.fr Keywords: Grain growth, Magnetic annealing, Zirconium, Magnetic anisotropy. Abstract. The effect of a magnetic field on texture and microstructure development in cold rolled (80%) commercially pure zirconium

Boyer, Edmond

307

Heat-affected zone and ablation rate of copper ablated with femtosecond laser  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe the experimental and molecular dynamics simulation study of crystalline copper (Cu) ablation using femtosecond lasers. This study is focused on the heat-affected zone after femtosecond laser ablation and the laser ablation rate. As a result of the x-ray diffraction measurement on the ablated surface, the crystallinity of the surface is partially changed from a crystal structure into an amorphous one. At the laser fluences below the ablation threshold, the entire laser energy coupled to the Cu target is absorbed, while during the fluence regime over the threshold fluence, the ablation rate depends on the absorption coefficient, and the residual energy which is not used for the ablation, is left in the Cu substrate. The heat-affected zone at the fluences below the threshold is estimated to be greater than that over the threshold fluence. In addition, the laser ablation of Cu is theoretically investigated by a two-temperature model and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation to explain the heat-affected zone and ablation rate. The MD simulation takes into account the electron temperature and thermal diffusion length calculated by the two-temperature model. Variation in the lattice temperature with time and depth is calculated by the MD simulation coupled with the two-temperature model. The experimental ablation rate and the heat-affected zone are theoretically well explained.

Hirayama, Yoichi; Obara, Minoru [Department of Electronics and Electrical Engineering, Keio University, 3-14-1 Hiyoshi, Kohoku-ku, Yokohama 223-8522 (Japan)

2005-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

308

Tetrazolium-based Assays for Cellular Viability: A Critical Examination of Selected Parameters Affecting Formazan Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...production. | The hydrogen acceptor 3...of assay and the production of MTT formazan...in MTT formazan production. MTT formazan...Assays, Antitumor methods Formazans analysis...Affecting Formazan Production David T. Vistica...21702-1201 ABSTRACT The hydrogen acceptor 3...

David T. Vistica; Philip Skehan; Dominic Scudiero; Anne Monks; Angela Pittman; and Michael R. Boyd

1991-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

309

A MULTI-YEAR STUDY OF FACTORS AFFECTING FRUIT PRODUCTION IN ARISTOLOCHIA PAUCINERVIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A MULTI-YEAR STUDY OF FACTORS AFFECTING FRUIT PRODUCTION IN ARISTOLOCHIA PAUCINERVIS limitation, resource limitation, fruit abortion, and predation have all been proposed as factors explaining low fruit set in hermaphroditic plants. We conducted a 5-year study combining field observations

Herrera, Carlos M.

310

Observations and Modeling of the August 27, 2012 Earthquake and Tsunami affecting El Salvador and Nicaragua  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observations and Modeling of the August 27, 2012 Earthquake and Tsunami affecting El Salvador Mw = 7.3 earthquake occurred off the coast of El Salvador and generated surprisingly large local Salvador and northern Nicara- gua. The tsunami reached a maximum height of *6 m with inundation of up

Lynett, Patrick

311

Radon levels and doses in dwellings in two villages in Kosovo, affected by depleted uranium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Kosovo, affected by depleted uranium G. Nafezi 1 A. Gregoric...major cause of lung cancer, second only to cigarette...Kosovo was initiated by uranium prospecting in the period...the study was hit by depleted uranium projectiles during the......

G. Nafezi; A. Gregoric; J. Vaupotic; M. Bahtijari; M. Kuqali

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Background: Global Warming, 2009 1. Unequivocally, the climate is warming. Natural systems are affected.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Background: Global Warming, 2009 1. Unequivocally, the climate is warming. Natural systems are affected. 2. Very likely (>90% certainty), humans are causing most of the warming. 3. No single technology are very likely to impose net annual costs, which will increase over time as global temperatures increase

Minnesota, University of

313

UVM Central Heating & Cooling Plant Annual Maintenance Shutdown 2013 Affected Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UVM Central Heating & Cooling Plant Annual Maintenance Shutdown 2013 Affected Buildings Sunday 19 heating, hot water and critical air conditioning > NO CAGE WASHING > NO AUTOCLAVES > Given Boiler Plant will be in operation to provide heating, hot water and critical air conditioning > NO CAGE WASHING > NO AUTOCLAVES

Hayden, Nancy J.

314

How student's personality traits affect Computer Based Assessment Acceptance: Integrating BFI with CBAAM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Researchers in the Information Systems (IS) field have put considerable effort on identifying how personality affects technology acceptance. This study is a further step towards this direction within the context of Computer Based Assessment (CBA). Particularly, ... Keywords: BFI, Computer Based Assessment, Perceived Usefulness, Personality, TAM

Vasileios Terzis; Christos N. Moridis; Anastasios A. Economides

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

The Presence of Humic Substances and DNA in RNA Extracts Affects Hybridization Results  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...DNA in RNA Extracts Affects Hybridization Results Elizabeth Wheeler Alm Dandan Zheng Lutgarde Raskin Department of Civil and Environmental...high-quality quantitative membrane hybridization results. We thank Katherine McMahon for help with preparing Fig. , Scott McNaught for...

Elizabeth Wheeler Alm; Dandan Zheng; Lutgarde Raskin

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

How Wireless Power Charging Technology Affects Sensor Network Deployment and Routing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of environmental energy such as sunlight and acoustic vibra- tions [6]­[9]. However, the energy that a solar cell with a large solar cell; the low harvesting efficiency of small solar cells, together with uncontrollableHow Wireless Power Charging Technology Affects Sensor Network Deployment and Routing Bin Tong, Zi

Wang, Guiling

317

Ris-PhD-4(EN) Do competitive conditions affect introgression  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

inheritance between F1-hybrids (B. napus () x B. rapa) and B. rapa; the second step in the introgression elucidated how these factors affect the F1-hybrid production on B. napus. Higher plant density reduced the fitness of mother plants and the abundance of F1-hybrids (at the 1:1 proportion) significantly

318

A study of specific visual stimuli that affect the learning process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this study will be to show that the architectural design of the visual stimuli of light in an educational environment can affect the learning process. It is very apparent that one of the main sources of light in an educational environment is in fact a window...

Godkin, Blake Steven

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

319

A First Look at Tree Decay An Introduction to How Injury and Decay Affect Trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A First Look at Tree Decay An Introduction to How Injury and Decay Affect Trees by Kevin T. Smith Look at Tree Decay Photosynthesis and decay are the two most essential processes in nature. Photosynthesis by green plants captures and stores energy from the sun. This energy is used to form wood

320

Sandhills Vegetation Will heat from the pipeline affect the growth of vegetation?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Sandhills Vegetation Will heat from the pipeline affect the growth of vegetation? What we know. Will the Sandhills vegetation grow back after the pipeline is constructed? What we know ­ response by Professor Jerry issues, revegetation problems on the pipeline will be at discreet locations. If surrounding pastures

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "affecting inefficient state-owned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

The yeast Apq12 protein affects nucleocytoplasmic mRNA transport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Second, bulk poly(A)+ RNA is retained in the nucleus in apq12 cells. Third, an Apq12p­GFP chimeric for mutations affecting mRNA ex- port is the identification of yeast strains with hyperadenyl- ated m for strains that led to the production of hyperadenylated mRNAs. This investigation led to the identification

Coller, Jeff

322

Ligand chemistry of titania precursor affects transient photovoltaic behavior in inverted organic solar cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transient photovoltaic behavior in inverted organic solar cells Jong Bok Kim,1,a) Seokhoon Ahn,2,b) Seok JuLigand chemistry of titania precursor affects transient photovoltaic behavior in inverted organic solar cells Jong Bok Kim, Seokhoon Ahn, Seok Ju Kang, Colin Nuckolls, and Yueh-Lin Loo Citation: Appl

Hone, James

323

Small-scale variation in growing season length affects size structure of scarlet monkeyflower  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Levine, Dept of Integrative Biology, Univ. of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. Present address for JLW: Division of Biological Sciences, Univ. of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USA (jennifer. of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9610, USA. All organisms must contend with seasonality, which affects

Williams, Jennifer L.

324

SEDIMENTS, SEC 4 SEDIMENT-ECOLOGY INTERACTIONS POSITION PAPER Anthropogenic pollutants affect ecosystem services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEDIMENTS, SEC 4 · SEDIMENT-ECOLOGY INTERACTIONS · POSITION PAPER Anthropogenic pollutants affect ecosystem services of freshwater sediments: the need for a "triad plus x" approach Sabine Ulrike Gerbersdorf November 2010 /Accepted: 24 April 2011 # Springer-Verlag 2011 Abstract Purpose Freshwater sediments

Cirpka, Olaf Arie

325

Factors Affecting Ni and Zn Hydroxide Precipitate Formation in Soils. (S02-peltier222185-oral)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Factors Affecting Ni and Zn Hydroxide Precipitate Formation in Soils. (S02-peltier222185-oral) Authors: E.F. Peltier* - Univ. of Delaware D.L. Sparks - Univ. of Delaware Abstract: The formation matter in the soil. Speaker Information: Edward Peltier, Univ. of Delaware, Dept. of Plant and Soil

Sparks, Donald L.

326

Biogeography, ecoregions, and geomorphology affect fish species composition in streams of eastern Oklahoma, USA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biogeography, ecoregions, and geomorphology affect fish species composition in streams of eastern B.V. 2007 Abstract Stream fish assemblages are structured by biogeographical, physical and stream habitat, influenced fish species composition (presence­absence) in eastern Oklahoma, USA relative

Marston, Richard A.

327

debussy@cs.yonsei.ac.kr, iklee@yonsei.ac.kr Affective Icons for Music Exploring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

O debussy@cs.yonsei.ac.kr, iklee@yonsei.ac.kr Affective Icons for Music Exploring Min and colors of harmonograph curves. These curves can be used as icons for music retrieval, and we demonstrate. This approach is compatible with a standard icon-based file browser. . Introduction Since the appearance

Lee, In-Kwon

328

Writing and Reading Software Documentation: How the Development Process may Affect Understanding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Writing and Reading Software Documentation: How the Development Process may Affect Understanding@cs.vu.nl Abstract The effectiveness of documentation within a development process is determined by the way in which of a development team share a certain understanding of (the role of) the different types of documentation. However

van Vliet, Hans

329

The Healthy Homes Initiative Housing conditions can significantly affect public health.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Healthy Homes Initiative Housing conditions can significantly affect public health. Nationwide in the home, focusing narrowly on one issue, even in the presence of multiple issues. A Healthy Homes approach associated with unhealthy and unsafe homes. What Is CDC's Healthy Homes Initiative? CDC's Healthy Homes

330

Letter to the Editor Does filter media type really affect BRS?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and dirt on filters are ozone removal rates. Zhao et al. (2007), studied ozone removal by HVAC filtersLetter to the Editor Does filter media type really affect BRS? Dear Editor, Buchanan et al., (2008: the correlation between high outdoor ozone with the simultaneous use of polyester- synthetic filters and higher

Siegel, Jeffrey

331

Lipids in Leaves: Fatty Acid β-Oxidation Affects Lipid Homeostasis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

2014 American Society of Plant Biologists. All rights reserved. 2014 in-brief IN BRIEF Lipids in Leaves: Fatty Acid beta-Oxidation Affects Lipid Homeostasis Jennifer Mach jmach@aspb.org Science Editor www.plantcell.org/cgi/doi/10.1105/tpc.114.133447

Jennifer Mach

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

332

How Run-of-River Operation Affects Hydropower Generation Henriette I. Jager Mark S. Bevelhimer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How Run-of-River Operation Affects Hydropower Generation and Value Henriette I. Jager Ã? Mark S) are mandated to protect aquatic biota, (2) decrease hydropower generation per unit flow, and (3) decrease energy revenue. We tested these three assump- tions by reviewing hydropower projects with license

Jager, Henriette I.

333

Energy transduction in Escherichia coli: new mutation affecting the Fo portion of the ATP synthetase complex.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Transduction in Escherichia coli: New Mutation Affecting the...brane as measured by the energy-linked quench- ing of...1030 VOL. 134, 1978 ENERGY TRANSDUCTION IN E. COLI...obtained from W. Maas, C New York University School ofMedicine...

B P Rosen; R N Brey; S M Hasan

1978-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Long-term cleaner fish presence affects growth of a coral reef fish  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Animal behaviour 1001 14 60 70 Long-term cleaner fish presence affects growth of a coral reef fish Gillian E. Clague 1 Karen L. Cheney 1 Anne...of its kind, over an 8 year period, cleaner fish Labroides dimidiatus were consistently removed...

Gillian E. Clague; Karen L. Cheney; Anne W. Goldizen; Mark I. McCormick; Peter A. Waldie; Alexandra S. Grutter

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

MODELLING OF CONCRETE STRUCTURES AFFECTED BY INTERNAL SWELLING REACTIONS: COUPLINGS BETWEEN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, France Abstract Alkali Aggregate Reaction (AAR) and Delayed Ettringite Formation (DEF) cause expansion Ettringite Formation, Modelling, Coupling 1. INTRODUCTION Alkali Aggregate Reaction (AAR) and Delayed Ettringite Formation (DEF) are both Internal Swelling Processes (ISP) that can affect concrete. In the first

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

336

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting carbon fluxes Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

can store as much carbon as tree biomass, a smaller percentage of this pool is affected by land use... Land use change and soil carbon--1 TR O P I C A L LA N D US E CH A N G...

337

Z .Geoderma 97 2000 87101 Sorption of Brilliant Blue FCF in soils as affected  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Z .Geoderma 97 2000 87­101 Sorption of Brilliant Blue FCF in soils as affected by pH and ionic phase. For an adequate interpretation of stained flow pathways, the sorption characteristics of the dye sorption to soils. Batch sorption studies were conducted with three different soils and different ionic

Flury, Markus

338

Factors affecting leech parasitism on four turtle species in St. Lawrence Islands National Park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Factors affecting leech parasitism on four turtle species in St. Lawrence Islands National Park and body condition) in the host-parasite interaction between four turtle species found in St. Lawrence counted and measured to determine their prevalence and biomass respectively on a total of 324 turtles from

Blouin-Demers, Gabriel

339

Mining the Structural Genomics Pipeline: Identification of Protein Properties that Affect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mining the Structural Genomics Pipeline: Identification of Protein Properties that Affect High process through specialized "pipeline schematics". We find that the properties of a protein that are most the structural genomics pipeline,6 ­ 9 from target cloning, expression, purification, to structural determination

Gerstein, Mark

340

Structural Perspective on Mutations Affecting the Function of Multisubunit RNA Polymerases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...maintaining the transcription bubble. We can hypothesize...which the transcription bubble has a tendency to collapse...structural elements affect the stability of the RNA and its retention...Thus, effects on the stability of the open complex arise...stable transcription bubble. Two other replacements...

Vincent Trinh; Marie-France Langelier; Jacques Archambault; Benoit Coulombe

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "affecting inefficient state-owned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Factors Affecting the Efficiency of Carbon Monoxide Photoproduction in the St. Lawrence Estuarine System (Canada)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Factors Affecting the Efficiency of Carbon Monoxide Photoproduction in the St. Lawrence Estuarine System (Canada) ... The solar insolation-weighted mean apparent quantum yield of CO (?CO) decreased as much as fourfold with increasing salinity and showed a strong positive correlation with the dissolved organic carbon-specific absorption coefficient at 254 nm. ...

Yong Zhang; Huixiang Xie; Guohua Chen

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

A family with a dystrophin gene mutation specifically affecting dystrophin expression in the heart  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We recently described a family with X-linked dilated cardiomyopathy where a large deletion in the muscle promoter region of the dystrophin gene was associated with a severe dilated cardiomyopathy in absence of clinical skeletal muscle involvement. The deletion removed the entire muscle promoter region, the first muscle exon and part of intron 1. The brain and Purkinje cell promoters were not affected by the deletion. Despite the lack of both the muscle promoter and the first muscle exon, dystrophin was detected immunocytochemically in relative high levels in the skeletal muscle of the affected males. We have now found that both the brain and Purkinje cell promoters were transcribed at high levels in the skeletal muscle of these individuals. This phenomenon, that does not occur in normal skeletal muscle, indicates that these two isoforms, physiologically expressed mainly in the central nervous system, can be transcribed and be functionally active in skeletal muscle under specific circumstances. Contrary to what is observed in skeletal muscle, dystrophin was not detected in the heart of one affected male using immunocytochemistry and an entire panel of anti-dystrophin antibodies. This was most likely the cause for the pronounced cardiac fibrosis observed and eventually responsible for the severe cardiac involvement invariably seen in seven affected males. In conclusion, the mutation of the muscle promoter, first muscle exon and part of intron 1 specifically affected expression of dystrophin in the heart. We believe that this deletion removes sequences involved in regulation of dystrophin expression in the heart and are at the moment characterizing other families with X-linked cardiomyopathy secondary to a dystrophinopathy.

Muntoni, F.; Davies, K.; Dubowitz, V. [Royal Postgraduate Medical School, London (United Kingdom)] [and others

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

EO 13211: Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

5 5 Federal Register / Vol. 66, No. 99 / Tuesday, May 22, 2001 / Presidential Documents Executive Order 13211 of May 18, 2001 Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect En- ergy Supply, Distribution, or Use By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, and in order to appropriately weigh and consider the effects of the Federal Government's regulations on the supply, distribution, and use of energy, it is hereby ordered as follows: Section 1. Policy. The Federal Government can significantly affect the supply, distribution, and use of energy. Yet there is often too little information regarding the effects that governmental regulatory action can have on energy. In order to provide more useful energy-related information and hence im-

344

Factors affecting the indoor concentrations of carbonaceous aerosols of outdoor origin  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Factors affecting the indoor concentrations of carbonaceous aerosols of Factors affecting the indoor concentrations of carbonaceous aerosols of outdoor origin Melissa M. Lunden 1 ∗ , Thomas W. Kirchstetter 1 , Tracy L. Thatcher 2 , Susanne V. Hering 3 , and Nancy J. Brown 1 1 Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Rd., Berkeley, CA 94720, USA 2 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA 93407, USA 2 Aerosol Dynamics Inc., 2329 4th Street, Berkeley, CA 94710, USA Abstract A field study was conducted in an unoccupied single story residence in Clovis, California to provide data to address issues important to assess the indoor exposure to particles of outdoor origin. Measurements of black and organic carbonaceous aerosols were performed using a

345

The Expression of Determination: Similarities Between Anger and Approach-related Positive Affect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Co-Chairs of Committee, Brandon J. Schmeichel Gerianne Alexander Committee Member, Karen Winterich....S., Excelsior College Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. Brandon J. Schmeichel Dr. Gerianne Alexander This study examines the valence and motivational direction components of affect using facial...

Harmon-Jones, Cindy

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

346

Factors Affecting Radiation Dose from a Hypothetical Extrusive Volcanic Event at Yucca Mountain, Nevada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the factors that could affect doses to the reasonably maximally exposed individual (RMEI) as a result of a hypothetical extrusive igneous event at Yucca Mountain. Based on available information, there is no evidence that most of the spent fuel in waste packages intersected by a volcanic conduit would be reduced to fine-grained material and subsequently erupted as volcanic ash. (authors)

Weiner, R. [U. S. NRC Advisory Committee on Nuclear Waste and Materials, Rockville, MD (United States); Coleman, N. [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Rockville, MD (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Durabilit et choix d'affectation des espaces urbains: La problmatique ville/port Dunkerque  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Durabilité et choix d'affectation des espaces urbains: La problématique ville/port à Dunkerque espaces urbains: La problématique ville/port à Dunkerque Résumé en français : Les villes portuaires noyau de la ville, le port historique se déconnecte de la ville, devient un « no man's land » voire un

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

348

Some Factors Affecting the Utilization of Phosphoric Acid in Soils by Plants in Pot Experiments.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION A. B. CONNER, Director College Station, Texas BULLETIN NO. 647 APRIL, 1944 SOME FACTORS AFFECTING THE UTILIZATION OF PHOSPHORIC ACID IN SOILS BY PLANTS IN POT EXPERIMENTS G. S. FRAPS and J. F. FUDGE...] The relations between the quantities of phosphoric acid re- moved by corn and milo or kafir and the composition and other characteristics of Texas soils was ascertained from the data of 375 pot experiments. acid acid crol nhn! =---, Wit pho; tota DL...

Fudge, J. F. (Joseph Franklin); Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1944-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Endocrine disrupting chemicals affect the adipogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells in distinct ontogenetic windows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Endocrine disrupting chemicals affect adipogenesis in mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The adipogenic impact depends strongly on the window of exposure. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Bisphenol A reduces the potential of MSC to differentiate into adipocytes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer DEHP and TBT trigger the adipogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer BPA, DEHP and TBT did not affect adipogenesis in embryonic stem cells. -- Abstract: Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDC) like bisphenol A (BPA), bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) and tributyltin (TBT) are ubiquitously present in the environment and in human tissues. They bind to nuclear hormone receptors and affect cellular and developmental processes. In this study, we show that BPA, DEHP and TBT affect the adipogenic differentiation of murine mesenchymal stem cells (MSC, C3H/10T1/2) in a concentration-, stage- and compound-specific manner. C3H/10T1/2 cells and embryonic stem cells (CGR8) were exposed to BPA, DEHP or TBT at different stages of cell determination and differentiation (undifferentiated growth, adipogenic induction and terminal adipogenic differentiation). The final amount of differentiated adipocytes, cellular triglyceride content and mRNA expression of adipogenic marker genes (adiponectin, FABP4, PPAR{gamma}2, LPL) were quantified and compared with corresponding unexposed cells. BPA (10 {mu}M) decreased subsequent adipogenic differentiation of MSC, when cells were exposed during undifferentiated growth. In contrast, DEHP (100 {mu}M) during the hormonal induction period, and TBT (100 nM) in all investigated stages, enhanced adipogenesis. Importantly, exposure of undifferentiated murine embryonic stem cells did not show any effect of the investigated EDC on subsequent adipogenic differentiation.

Biemann, Ronald, E-mail: ronald.biemann@medizin.uni-halle.de [Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Martin Luther University, Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Germany)] [Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Martin Luther University, Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Germany); Navarrete Santos, Anne [Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Martin Luther University, Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Germany)] [Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Martin Luther University, Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Germany); Navarrete Santos, Alexander [Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Martin Luther University, Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Germany)] [Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Martin Luther University, Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Germany); Riemann, Dagmar [Department of Immunology, Martin Luther University, Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Germany)] [Department of Immunology, Martin Luther University, Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Germany); Knelangen, Julia [Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Martin Luther University, Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Germany)] [Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Martin Luther University, Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Germany); Blueher, Matthias [Department of Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig (Germany)] [Department of Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig (Germany); Koch, Holger [Institute for Prevention and Occupational Medicine of the German Social Accident Insurance, Institute of the Ruhr-University Bochum (IPA), Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum (Germany)] [Institute for Prevention and Occupational Medicine of the German Social Accident Insurance, Institute of the Ruhr-University Bochum (IPA), Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum (Germany); Fischer, Bernd [Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Martin Luther University, Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Germany)] [Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Martin Luther University, Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Germany)

2012-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

350

Factors Affecting UV-Induced Superhydrophilic Conversion of a TiO2 Surface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Factors Affecting UV-Induced Superhydrophilic Conversion of a TiO2 Surface ... Particularly, the maximum extrema in spectral dependence of the efficiency of photoinduced hydrophilic conversion correspond to the energies of the first indirect and first direct electronic band-to-band transitions in TiO2. ... To estimate the efficiency of the photoinduced surface hydrophilic conversion, we used two parameters: initial rate of contact angle alteration and initial rate of surface energy alteration. ...

Alexei V. Emeline; Aida V. Rudakova; Munetoshi Sakai; Taketoshi Murakami; Akira Fujishima

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

351

Factors affecting binder properties between production and construction and their impact on quality assurance programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FACTORS AFFECTING BINDER PROPERTIES BETWEEN PRODUCTION AND CONSTRUCTION AND THEIR IMPACT ON QUALITY ASSURANCE PROGRAMS A Thesis by EDITH ARAMBULA MERCADO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... ARAMBULA MERCADO Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by: Am Epps Martin (Chair of Committee) Roger ith (Member) l'Cl(fford Spiegelman...

Arambula Mercado, Edith

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Factors Affecting the Performance of Mechanical Cotton Harvesters (Stripper Type), Extractors and Cleaners.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION R. D. LEWIS. DIRECTOR College Station, Texas ULLETIN NO. 686 DECEMBER, 1946 FACTORS AFFECTING THE PERFORMANCE OF MECHANICAL COTTON HARVESTERS (STRIPPER TYPE), EXTRACTORS AND CLEANERS H. P. SMITH, D. T... stripping machines during the past five years. Several concerns are now building two-row tractor mounted machines for the commercial trade. The performance of the stripper type cotton harvester is influenced by a number of factors, Tests to determine...

Jones, D. L. (Don L.); Killough, D. T. (David Thornton); Smith, H. P. (Harris Pearson)

1946-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Radiation exposure of human populations in villages in Russia and Belarus affected by fallout from the Chernobyl reactor.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A quarter of a century has elapsed since the catastrophe at the nuclear power plant in Chernobyl. The radioactive fallout affected all the European countries… (more)

Bernhardsson, Christian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

CHINA'S DUST AFFECTS SOLAR RESOURCE IN THE U.S.: A CASE STUDY Christian A. Gueymard Nels S. Laulainen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a significant im- pact. Concentrating systems such as parabolic troughs and solar tower plants utilize onlyCHINA'S DUST AFFECTS SOLAR RESOURCE IN THE U.S.: A CASE STUDY Christian A. Gueymard Nels S of how long- range aerosol transport may temporarily affect the U.S. solar resource. Broadband

Oregon, University of

355

GSDI Legal and Economic Working Group: A Template for Reporting National Legal and Economic Issues Affecting Spatial Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

process is the exchange of detailed descriptions of the existing legal and economic framework affectingGSDI Legal and Economic Working Group: A Template for Reporting National Legal and Economic Issues Affecting Spatial Data Infrastructure Developments The primary objective of the GSDI Legal and Economic

Onsrud, Harlan J.

356

Maternal work behavior under welfare reform: How does the transition from welfare to work affect child development?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

welfare to work affect child development? Abstract Using data from a longitudinal sample of formerMaternal work behavior under welfare reform: How does the transition from welfare to work affect of Mental Health (R24-MH51363) to the Social Work Research Development Center on Poverty, Risk, and Mental

Shyy, Wei

357

Regulatory Influences That Will Likely Affect Success of Plug-in Hybrid and Battery Electric Vehicles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Influences That Will Likely Influences That Will Likely Affect Success of Plug-in Hybrid and Battery Electric Vehicles By Dan Santini Argonne National Laboratory dsantini@anl.gov Clean Cities Coordinators' Webinar Sept. 16, 2010 Vehicle fuel use regulation/policy measures differ. Which should measure plug-in success?  Corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) ratings do not represent real world fuel use. However, the range ratings of EVs and PHEVs are based on CAFE tests.  "Window sticker" information on vehicle fuel use predicts more gasoline and electricity use than CAFE ratings. - The GREET model (basis of GHG saving estimates) is based on real world fuel use

358

Cost of Service and Rate Design Issues Affecting Industrial Customers in Retail Rate Proceedings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COST OF SERVICE AND RATE DESIGN ISSUES AFFECTING INDUSTRIAL CUSTOHERS IN RETAIL RATE PROCEEDINGS CARL N. STOVER, JR. C. H. Guernsey &Company Oklahoma City, Oklahoma ABSTRACT There are generally three major areas of conCertl in a retail rate.... If energy costs are a significant element in the cost of doi~g business, then the industrial customer must be familiar with the activities involved in the ratemaking process, be aware of the issues that might be raised as a part of the process, know...

Stover, C. N. Jr.

359

An analysis of selected factors controlling or affecting the hydraulic conductivity of compacted soil liners  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 19B6 Major Subject: Civil Engineering AM ANALYSIS OF SELECTED FACTORS CONTROLLING OR AFFECTING THE HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY OF COMPACTED SOIL LINERS A Thesis by ROBERT CARY SPEAKE, JR. Approved... Figure 4. Double-liner design for a surface impoundment Figure 5. Schematic of example macrofeatures found in soil liners 21 Figure 6. Parallelopiped showing components of fractured-liner model 23 Figure 7. Head of leachate on liner ver sus flow rate...

Speake, Robert Cary

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

360

Cherokee Reservoir: supplement to factors affecting water quality in Cherokee Reservoir  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several rates and/or measurements were assumed in preparation of the Factors Affecting Water Quality in Cherokee Reservoir report prepared by Iwanski, et al. (1980). The following discussions and data were generated to support future modeling efforts of Cherokee Reservoir water quality. These discussions are not wholly intended to define conclusions or new findings, but rather lend support to assumed parameters in the modeling effort. The data include: (1) long-term BOD analyses; (2) limiting nutrient studies algal assays; (3) phytoplankton biomass; (4) primary productivity; and (5) solids transport. 10 references, 3 figures, 5 tables. (ACR)

Poppe, W.L.

1981-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "affecting inefficient state-owned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Variables Affecting Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics Simulation of High-Velocity Flyer Plate Impact Experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes our work to characterize the variables affecting the smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) method in the LS-DYNA package for simulating high-velocity flyer plate impact experiments. LS-DYNA simulations are compared with one-dimensional experimental data of an oxygen-free high-conductivity (OFHC) copper flyer plate impacting another plate of the same material. The comparison is made by measuring the velocity of a point on the back surface of the impact plate using the velocity interferometer system for any reflector (VISAR) technique.

Somasundaram, Deepak S [UNLV; Trabia, Mohamed [UNLV; O'Toole, Brendan [UNLV; Hixson, Robert S [NSTec

2014-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

362

New England Wind Forum: Issues Affecting Public Acceptance of Wind Energy  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Issues Affecting Public Acceptance of Wind Energy Issues Affecting Public Acceptance of Wind Energy Wind farm proponents seek to identify locations with the greatest wind resource and the smallest population. This approach mitigates human interaction and impact whenever possible. Uninhabited areas are scarce in New England, however. Due to the region's population density, many of the region's windy locations - which include coastal areas and high elevations - are in view of nearby communities or valued for their natural beauty or recreational value. As a result, the importance of public acceptance is magnified in determining the viability of wind power installations. Further complicating public acceptance of wind power installations is the local nature of wind project impacts compared to wind power's substantial benefits. All forms of energy have impacts on their surroundings, and our society requires power plants to satisfy its demand for electricity. On a regional and broader scale, wind power's benefits are considerable, and surveys show that the majority of the population supports wind power when compared to the alternatives. In light of these benefits and the broad public support, some communities focus on the question of "compared to what?" and then embrace wind power proposals.

363

In-situ Phase transformation study in fine grained heat affected zone of Grade 91 steels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Creep strength-enhanced ferritic (CSEF) steels such as the 9 Cr steel [ASTM A387 Grade 91] are widely used as tubing and piping in the new generation of fossil fired power plants. Microstructures in the fine-grained heat affected zone (FGHAZ) may significantly reduce creep strength leading Type IV failures. Current research suggest that reducing pre-weld tempering temperature from 760 C (HTT) to 650 C (LTT) has the potential to double the creep life of these welds. To understand this improvement, time-resolved X-ray diffraction (TRXRD) measurement with synchrotron radiation was used to characterize the microstructure evolution during fine grained heat-affected zone (HAZ) thermal cycling of grade 91 steel. The measurements showed both M23C6 (M=Fe, Cr) and MX (M=Nb, V; X=C,N) are present in the sample after the HTT condition. Near equilibrium fraction of M23C6 was measured in high temperature tempering condition (HTT, 760 C). However, the amount of M23C6 in LTT condition was very low since the diffraction peaks are close to the background. During simulated FGHAZ thermal cycling, the M23C6 partially dissolved in HTT sample. Interestingly, MX did not dissolve in both LTT and HTT samples. Hypothesis for correlation of M23C6 carbide distribution and pre-mature creep failure in FGHAZ will be made.

Babu, Sudarsanam Suresh [Ohio State University; Yamamoto, Yukinori [ORNL; Santella, Michael L [ORNL; Yu, Xinghua [ORNL; Komizo, Prof. Y [Osaka University; Terasaki, Prof. H [Osaka University

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

The socio-economic, dwelling and appliance related factors affecting electricity consumption in domestic buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper aims to investigate the socio-economic, dwelling and appliance related factors that have significant or non-significant effects on domestic electricity consumption. To achieve this aim, a comprehensive literature review of international research investigating these factors was undertaken. Although papers examining the factors affecting electricity demand are numerous, to the authors’ knowledge, a comprehensive analysis taking stock of all previous findings has not previously been undertaken. The review establishes that no less than 62 factors potentially have an effect on domestic electricity use. This includes 13 socio-economic factors, 12 dwelling factors and 37 appliance factors. Of the 62 factors, four of the socio-economic factors, seven of the dwelling factors, and nine of the appliance related factors were found to unambiguously have a significant positive effect on electricity use. This paper contributes to a better understanding of those factors that certainly affect electricity consumption and those for which effects are unclear and require further research. Understanding the effects of factors can support both the implementation of effective energy policy and aid prediction of future electricity consumption in the domestic sector.

Rory V. Jones; Alba Fuertes; Kevin J. Lomas

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Cysteine 295 indirectly affects Ni coordination of carbon monoxide dehydrogenase-II C-cluster  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: •CODH-II harbors a unique [Ni-Fe-S] cluster. •We substituted the ligand residues of Cys{sup 295} and His{sup 261}. •Dramatic decreases in Ni content upon substitutions were observed. •All substitutions did not affect Fe-S clusters assembly. •CO oxidation activity was decreased by the substitutions. -- Abstract: A unique [Ni–Fe–S] cluster (C-cluster) constitutes the active center of Ni-containing carbon monoxide dehydrogenases (CODHs). His{sup 261}, which coordinates one of the Fe atoms with Cys{sup 295}, is suggested to be the only residue required for Ni coordination in the C-cluster. To evaluate the role of Cys{sup 295}, we constructed CODH-II variants. Ala substitution for the Cys{sup 295} substitution resulted in the decrease of Ni content and didn’t result in major change of Fe content. In addition, the substitution had no effect on the ability to assemble a full complement of [Fe–S] clusters. This strongly suggests Cys{sup 295} indirectly and His{sup 261} together affect Ni-coordination in the C-cluster.

Inoue, Takahiro; Takao, Kyosuke; Yoshida, Takashi [Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)] [Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Wada, Kei [Organization for Promotion of Tenure Track, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki 889-1692 (Japan)] [Organization for Promotion of Tenure Track, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki 889-1692 (Japan); Daifuku, Takashi; Yoneda, Yasuko [Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)] [Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Fukuyama, Keiichi [Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan)] [Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan); Sako, Yoshihiko, E-mail: sako@kais.kyoto-u.ac.jp [Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)] [Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)

2013-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

366

Questions and Answers - How does the radioactivity of an atom affect the  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

How is radioactivity measured? How is radioactivity measured? Previous Question (How is radioactivity measured?) Questions and Answers Main Index Next Question (Why do we use radioactivity to destroy cancers?) Why do we use radioactivityto destroy cancers? How does the radioactivity of an atom affect the body? You've asked a very broad question, so we'll have to split it up into smaller chunks in order to give you a reasonable answer. This is a topic that is very much misunderstood by most people and it's hard to give a short answer. You may know that all of us have radioactive material in our bodies naturally. There has always been radioactive material on earth (in fact, a million years ago, there was more present than there is today), and people have therefore always been exposed to it. There has also always been cosmic

367

Buildings Energy Data Book: 4.4 Legislation Affecting Energy Consumption of Federal Buildings and Facilities  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

3 3 Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, Provisions Affecting Energy Consumption in Federal Buildings Source(s): Standard Relating to Solar Hot Water - Requires new Federal buildings, or Federal buildings undergoing major renovations, to meet at least 30 percent of hot water demand through the use of solar hot water heaters, if cost-effective. [Section 523] Federally-Procured Appliances with Standby Power - Requires all Federal agencies to procure appliances with standby power consumption of less than 1 watt, if available and cost-effective. [Section 524] Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, enacted December 19, 2007 Energy Reduction Goals for Federal Buildings - Amended reduction goals set by the National Energy Conservation Policy Act, and

368

Buildings Energy Data Book: 4.4 Legislation Affecting Energy Consumption of Federal Buildings and Facilities  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

1 1 Energy Policy Act of 2005, Provisions Affecting Energy Consumption in Federal Buildings Source(s): Energy Management Requirements - Amended reduction goals set by the National Energy Conservation Policy Act, and requires increasing percentage reductions in energy consumption through FY 2015, with a final energy consumption reduction goal of 20 percent savings in FY 2015, as compared to the baseline energy consumption of Federal buildings in FY 2003. (These goals were superseded by Section 431 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007.) [Section 102] Energy Use Measurement and Accountability - Requires that all Federal buildings be metered to measure electricity use by 2012. [Section 103] Procurement of Energy Efficient Products - Requires all Federal agencies to procure ENERGY STAR qualified products, for product

369

Interface deformations affect the orientation transition of magnetic ellipsoidal particles adsorbed at fluid-fluid interfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Manufacturing new soft materials with specific optical, mechanical and magnetic properties is a significant challenge. Assembling and manipulating colloidal particles at fluid interfaces is a promising way to make such materials. We use lattice-Boltzmann simulations to investigate the response of magnetic ellipsoidal particles adsorbed at liquid-liquid interfaces to external magnetic fields. We provide further evidence for the first-order orientation phase transition predicted by Bresme and Faraudo [Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 19 (2007), 375110]. We show that capillary interface deformations around the ellipsoidal particle significantly affect the tilt-angle of the particle for a given dipole-field strength, altering the properties of the orientation transition. We propose scaling laws governing this transition, and suggest how to use these deformations to facilitate particle assembly at fluid-fluid interfaces.

Gary B. Davies; Timm Krüger; Peter V. Coveney; Jens Harting; Fernando Bresme

2014-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

370

Total analysis of cooling effects of cross-ventilation affected by microclimate around a building  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study aims to develop a simulation system for evaluating the passive cooling effects, such as cross-ventilation, solar shading by trees, etc. Since the passive cooling effects are strongly affected by the spatial distributions of airflow, air temperature and radiative heat transports around a building, the microclimate around a building should be accurately predicted for this type of simulations. In this study, convective and radiative heat transports around buildings are analyzed by CFD (computational fluid dynamics) and radiation computations. Furthermore, the heat load calculation with the program “TRNSYS” was carried out, using the values of the cross-ventilation rates predicted by CFD computation and incoming solar radiation onto the building walls under the shade of trees obtained by the radiation computation as boundary conditions. Indoor velocity and indoor air temperature obtained by the simulation system developed here showed generally good agreement with measured data.

Akashi Mochida; Hiroshi Yoshino; Satoshi Miyauchi; Teruaki Mitamura

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Continental Shelf processes affecting the oceanography of the South Atlantic Bight  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Progress in studies of the physical processes affecting the oceanography of the South Atlantic Bight is reported. NCSU personnel efforts have been focused on processing and analyzing existing data sets as well as planning and preparing for the Georgia Atlantic Bight Experiment (GABEX-1). Three cruises were conducted between June 1979 and February 1980 for the temperature/pressure recording instruments (June to Oct) and for the deployment of the GABEX I and other arrays. The Onslow Bay data sets extend over four years of observations from the mid- and outer-shelf region. Each mooring cruise has been coordinated with similar mooring deployments off Savannah and off Cape Romain with hydrographic cruises and with interdisciplinary cruises following Gulf Stream filaments and involving biological, chemical and physical oceanographers. The current meter data collected in the Carolina Capes is listed. Preprints and reprints are included.

Pietrafesa, L.J.

1980-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

372

Some factors affecting milkfat and protein levels in milk from dairy herds in Central Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/er esrfgeassaa sa the yrs?eia eeAeab et ?ilk s?sl4 be beaetioial so ik?C 4?iris? ?Lyly iaerssse ?r aaiabsia Ihe yr?4aALsa ?t ailh ye?asia frea their her?e~ %his aisle rss as4e ie fares'LigsAO ~ ear1reaaeabal s?4 gsaAie gWdum bh?b asy affect lorsl...? jb3yel, y Ore Ro Oo Bexvg sas Or ~ A 5 Cozoaseag Jr ~ for tbair helyfsl ssggssti~ sae eritioiessi lyycea4atioa is ayressof also ts Or. C Vsaeerssat for his emstsat eoomrayswat saC the see of tbe yereeat aQbfat sse ailb grate%a setae %a Ore 'ti Ce...

Parker, Benedicto Alton

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

373

Longitudinal instabilities affecting the moving critical layer laser-plasma ion accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we analyze the longitudinal instabilities of propagating acceleration structures that are driven by a relativistically intense laser at the moving plasma critical layer [1]. These instabilities affect the energy-spectra of the accelerated ion-beams in propagating critical layer acceleration schemes [2][3]. Specifically, using analytical theory and PIC simulations we look into three fundamental physical processes and their interplay that are crucial to the understanding of energy spectral control by making the laser-plasma ion accelerators stable. The interacting processes are (i) Doppler-shifted ponderomotive bunching [1][4] (ii) potential quenching by beam-loading [2] and (iii) two-stream instabilities. These phenomenon have been observed in simulations analyzing these acceleration processes [5][6][7]. From the preliminary models and results we present in this work, we can infer measures by which these instabilities can be controlled [8] for improving the energy-spread of the beams.

Sahai, Aakash Ajit

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

An experimental survey of the factors that affect leaching from low-level radioactive waste forms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report represents the results of an experimental survey of the factors that affect leaching from several types of solidified low-level radioactive waste forms. The goal of these investigations was to determine those factors that accelerate leaching without changing its mechanism(s). Typically, although not in every case,the accelerating factors include: increased temperature, increased waste loading (i.e., increased waste to binder ratio), and decreased size (i.e., decreased waste form volume to surface area ratio). Additional factors that were studied were: increased leachant volume to waste form surface area ratio, pH, leachant composition (groundwaters, natural and synthetic chelating agents), leachant flow rate or replacement frequency and waste form porosity and surface condition. Other potential factors, including the radiation environment and pressure, were omitted based on a survey of the literature. 82 refs., 236 figs., 13 tabs.

Dougherty, D.R.; Pietrzak, R.F.; Fuhrmann, M.; Colombo, P.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Could Renewable Energy Affect the Form of the City? Case Study on the Wind Energy Considerations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The urbanized surface of the old continents could be double in little more than a century due to the transit of the _world from villages to cities (according to the UN) beside the rapid growing in the world population, these will lead _to large numbers of environmental problems, one of these problems is that the energy consumption per person will _increase so more energy will be produced. [1]^pElectricity from fossil fuels such as oil, coal and natural gas negatively affect the environment at each step from production till consumption, and relaying mainly on these resources of energy to apply this new huge demand will lead to producing more CO2 gas in the atmosphere which will case rising of earth temperature in a rapid rate while electricity generated using sources other than fossil fuel reduces the environmental impacts. Buildings consumes approximately 39% of the energy and 74% of the electricity produced annually in the United States (according to LEED BD+C version 3), and as a rule of thumb the better the energy performance of a building, the fewer greenhouse gases are emitted, So relying on renewable energies to supply urban areas with the power needed is the solution for this problem and is considered an important approach for our cities to be more sustainable. The major shift in the vision of sustainable cities is the potential of buildings to produce energy. This will entail a whole host of solutions (solar, wind power and so forth) that will make cities more interesting as well as sustainable. And in this paper we will try to introduce the main parameters and considerations of these renewable energies specially the wind energy which can affect the form of the city and the important dimensions that should be taken into consideration when designing a new sustainable city.

Tamer Abdel Aziz; Osama Elmassah

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Periadolescent oral manganese exposure affects conditioned place preference by cocaine and conditioned place aversion by lithium chloride in rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Manganese neurotoxicity compromises basal ganglia functions that could affect the limbic system and drug sensitivity. Male rats were orally exposed to manganese chloride (0, 100, 200 mg/kg/day Mn) for 15 days starting at postnatal day (PND) 28...

Lee, Samuel Ming Hin

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

377

Affect in Metaphor: Developments with WordNet Tim Rumbell, John Barnden, Mark Lee and Alan Wallington1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wallington1 Abstract. We discuss an aspect of an affect-detection system used in e-drama by intelligent ([13]). We recently conducted a user study of the system 1 University of Birmingham, UK, email: a.m.wallington

Barnden, John A.

378

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect atp-activated p2x7 Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

atp-activated p2x7 Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affect atp-activated p2x7 Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Cell Tissue Res (2005)...

379

Factors Affecting Biodefluorination of Fluorotelomer Alcohols (FTOHs): Degradative Microorganisms, Transformation Metabolites and Pathways, and Effects of Co-substrates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

responsible for biotransformation of FTOHs. This study deciphered factors affecting biodefluorination of FTOHs and their metabolites, and developed three effective FTOH-degrading consortia. Two alkane-degrading Pseudomonas strains (P. oleovorans and P...

Kim, Myung Hee 1982-

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

380

Predicting the fate of a living fossil: how will global warming affect sex determination and hatching phenology in tuatara?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of a living fossil: how will global warming affect sex determination and hatching...however, an unlikely response to global warming, as many oviparous species are...species with TSD. climate change|global warming|temperature-dependent sex...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "affecting inefficient state-owned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Deforestationdeforestation One of the most notable processes by which humankind has affected the Earth's surface is via the conversion of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deforestationdeforestation One of the most notable processes by which humankind has affected rates would mean the end of tropical forests within 50 years and therefore the elimination of an area

Lopez-Carr, David

382

Transference effects on student physicians' affective interactions and clinical inferences in interviews with standardized patients: an experimental study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study applied Andersen??s social cognitive paradigm for the experimental study of transference to the problem of understanding transference effects on the affective interactions and clinical inferences of student physicians with standardized...

van Walsum, Kimberly Lynn

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Application of a Solar UV/Chlorine Advanced Oxidation Process to Oil Sands Process-Affected Water Remediation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Application of a Solar UV/Chlorine Advanced Oxidation Process to Oil Sands Process-Affected Water Remediation ... † Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Alberta, 9105 116th Street, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2W2 ...

Zengquan Shu; Chao Li; Miodrag Belosevic; James R. Bolton; Mohamed Gamal El-Din

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

384

Nitrate movement in soils and nitrogen uptake efficiency as affected by nitrogen source, time of application, and a nitrification inhibitor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NITRATE MOVEMENT IN SOILS AND NITROGEN UPTAKE EFFICIENCY AS AFFECTED BY NITROGEN SOURCEs TINE OF APPLICATIONs AIJD A NITRIFICATION INHIBITOR A Thesis by KENNETH PHAIJON BANKS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&N University..., Norwood silt loam (Typic Udifluvent) and Houston Black clay (Udic Pellustert) to determine the amount of N03-N leaching from various N fertilizer sources. Nitrate N movement, as affected by time of application, was determined for (NHq)2 Sop, urea...

Banks, Kenneth Phanon

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

385

A study of transportation factors affecting the suitability of Houston, Texas, as a wool scouring plant site  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A STUDY OF TRANSPORTATION FACTORS AFFECTING THE SUITABILITY OF HOUSTON, TEXAS AS A WOOL SCOURING PLANT SITE A Thesis By Hoy A. Richards Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1961 Ma)or Sub)ect Economi. cs A STUDY OF TRANSPORTATION FACTORS AFFECTING THE SUITABILITY OF HOUSTON, TEXAS AS A WOOL SCOURING PLANT SITE A Thesis By Hoy A. Richards Approved...

Richards, Hoy Andrew

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

386

Conception rates after artificial insemination as affected by heparin binding protein-B5 in frozen semen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the quality of the population of spermatozoa which is referred to as extrinsic sperm quality, whereas intrinsic sperm quality refers entirely to the quality of the spermatozoan affer penetration of the oocyte has occurred. DeJarnette (1994) characterizes... factors that affect semen quality into two categories, 1) compensable traits- those that affect fertility due to total sperm number in the ejaculate, and 2) uncompensable traits-those that alfect fertility due to poor morphology or other factors...

Harris, Matthew Duncan

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Some genetic and environmental (sic) factors affecting weaning weight and weaning of grade in Angus cattle in South Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SOME GENETIC AND ENVIROMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING WEANING WEIGHT AND WEANING OF GRADE IN ANGUS CATTLE IN SOUTH TEXAS A Thesis by Paige Allan Stasney Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1971 Major Subject: Animal Science SOME GENETIC AND ENVIROMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING WEANING WEIGHT AND WEANING OF GRADE IN ANGUS CATTLE IN SOUTH TEXAS A Thesis by Paige Allan Stasney Approved...

Stasney, Paige Allan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

388

Factors affecting the use of soil conservation practices on non-industrial private forest lands in East Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FACTORS AFFECTING THE USE OF SOIL CONSERVATION PRACTICES ON NON-INDUSTRIAL PRIVATE FOREST LANDS IN EAST TEXAS A Thesis ABEGUNAWARDANA VIDANA GAMAGE P. YASENA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1983 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics FACTORS AFFECTING THE USE OF SOIL CONSERVATION PRACTICES ON NON-INDUSTRIAL PRIVATE FOREST LANDS IN TEXAS A Thesis ABEGUNAWARDANA VIDANA GAMAGE PIYASENA...

Piyasena, Abegunawardana Vidana Gamage

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Options, knowledge, and satisfaction of Texas residents affected by Edwards Aquifer issues: implications for education and government  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OPINIONS, KNOWLEDGE, AND SATISFACTION OF TEXAS RESIDENTS AFFECTED BY EDWARDS AQUIFER ISSUES: IMPLICATIONS FOR EDUCATION AND GOVERNMENT A Thesis by AMY SUZETTE KINNEY Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... Education ABSTRACT Opinions, Knowledge, and Satisfaction of Texas Residents Affected by Edwards Aquifer Issues: Implications for Education and Government. (December 1994) Amy Suzette Kinney, B. S. , Tarleton State University Chair of Advisory Committee...

Kinney, Amy Suzette

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Quality characteristics of vacuum-packaged beef as affected by postmortem chill, storage temperature and storage interval  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF VACUUM-PACKAGED BEEF AS AFFECTED BY POSTMORTEM CHILL, STORAGE TEMPERATURE AND STORAGE INTERVAL A Thesis by SAMMY DENZIL BEEBE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A1IM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the deoree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1975 Major Subject: Animal Science QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF VACUUM-PACKAGED BEEF AS AFFECTED BY POSTMORTEM CHILL, STORAGE TEMPERATURE AND STORAGE INTERVAL A Thesis by SAMMY DENZIL BEEBE...

Beebe, Sammy Denzil

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Factors affecting public and political acceptance for the implementation of geological disposal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main objective of this paper is to identify conditions which affect public concern (either increase or decrease) and political acceptance for developing and implementing programmes for geologic disposal of long-lived radioactive waste. It also looks how citizens and relevant actors can be associated in the decision making process in such a way that their input is enriching the outcome towards a more socially robust and sustainable solution. Finally, it aims at learning from the interaction how to optimise risk management addressing needs and expectations of the public and of other relevant stakeholders. In order to meet these objectives, factors of relevance for societal acceptance conditions are identified, described and analysed. Subsequently these factors are looked for in the real world of nuclear waste management through cases in several countries. The analysis is conducted for six stages of a repository programme and implementation process, from policy development to the realisation of the repository itself. The diversity of characteristics of such contexts increases insight in the way society and values of reference are influencing technological decision making. These interrelated factors need to be integrated in step by step decision making processes as emerging the last years in HLW disposal management. In the conclusions, the effect of each factor on acceptance is derived from the empirical record. In the course of carrying out this analysis, it became clear that acceptance had a different meaning in the first three stages of the process, more generic and therefore mainly discussed at policy level and the other stages, by nature more site-specific, and therefore requesting both public and political acceptance. Experience as clearly addressed in this report has shown that a feasible solution has its technical dimension but that 'an acceptable solution' always will have a combined technical and social dimension. If the paper provides tentative answers to the central question how factors affect public and political acceptance, it also aims at illustrating the added value of broadening the technical dimension with social dialogue and insight in value judgements. (authors)

Neerdael, Bernard [International Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100 - 1400 Vienna (Austria)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Factors affecting the indoor concentrations of carbonaceous aerosols of outdoor origin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A field study was conducted in an unoccupied single story residence in Clovis, California to provide data to address issues important to assess the indoor exposure to particles of outdoor origin. Measurements of black and organic carbonaceous aerosols were performed using a variety of methods, resulting in both near real-time measurements as well as integrated filter based measurements. Comparisons of the different measurement methods show that it is crucial to account for gas phase adsorption artifacts when measuring organic carbon (OC). Measured concentrations affected by the emissions of organic compounds sorbed to indoor surfaces imply a higher degree of infiltration of outdoor organic carbon aerosols into the indoor environment for our unoccupied house. Analysis of the indoor and outdoor data for black carbon (BC) aerosols show that, on average, the indoor concentration of black carbon aerosols behaves in a similar manner to sulfate aerosols. In contrast, organic carbon aerosols are subject to chemical transformations indoors that, for our unoccupied home, resulted in lower indoor OC concentrations than would be expected by physical loss mechanisms alone. These results show that gas to particle partitioning of organic compounds, as well as gas to surface interactions within the residence, are an important process governing the indoor concentration to OC aerosols of outdoor origin.

Lunden, Melissa M.; Kirchstetter, Thomas W.; Thatcher, Tracy L.; Hering, Susanne V.; Brown, Nancy J.

2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

393

Issues affecting the prediction of glass reactivity in an unsaturated environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Prior to the licensing of a high-level waste repository, the US Department of Energy (DOE) will seek to initiate hot startup of the high-level waste glass processing facilities at Savannah River and West Valley. To provide confidence that issues related to glass reactivity and disposal are evaluated prior to startup, the Environmental Restoration and Waste Management branch of DOE is studying important physical parameters that will affect glass reaction in a repository environment and is developing a modeling approach to predict glass performance. In this report, results are presented comparing the reactivity of fully radioactive glass with simulated glass of the same nominal composition. While differences in elemental releases between the glass types are observed, the differences are moderated with time and can be related to the dominant reaction mechanism. Additionally, the relationship between glass surface area and the volume of leachate (SA/V) is evaluated. The reactivity at differentSA/V is dominated by solution pH and reaction affinity, with an increase in reactivity observed at long reaction times. Finally, data are presented which provide necessary parameters for the application of predictive modeling. In particular, forward reaction rate constants are presented, for a 165-frit based glass and a simple analogue, and a list of secondary phases observed during glass reaction under a variety of conditions is compiled.

J.K. Bates; W.L. Ebert; X. Feng; W.L. Bourcier

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Factors that affect the degradation of naphthenic acids in oil sands wastewater by indigenous microbial communities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The acute toxicity of wastewater generated during the extraction of bitumen from oil sands is believed to be due to naphthenic acids (NAs). To determine the factors that affect the rate of degradation of representative NAs in microcosms containing wastewater and the acute toxicity of treated and untreated wastewater, the effects of temperature, dissolved oxygen concentration, and phosphate addition on the rate of {sup 14}CO{sub 2} release form two representative naphthenic acid substrates, (linear) U-{sup 14}C-palmitic acid (PA) and (bicyclic) decahydro-2-naphthoic acid-8-{sup 14}C (DHNA), were monitored. Tailings pond water (TPW) contained microorganisms well adapted to mineralizing both PA and DHNA:PA was degraded more quickly (10--15% in 4 weeks) compared to DHNA (2--4% in 8 weeks). On addition of phosphate, the rate of NA degradation increased up to twofold in the first 4 weeks, with a concurrent increase in the rate of oxygen consumption by oil sands TPW. The degradation rate then declined to levels equivalent to those measured in flasks without phosphate. The observed plateau was not due to phosphate limitation. Decreases in either the dissolved oxygen concentration or the temperature reduced the rate. Phosphate addition also significantly decreased the acute toxicity of TPW to fathead minnows. In contrast, Microtox{reg_sign} analyses showed no reduction in the toxicity of treated or untreated TPW after incubation for up to 8 weeks at 15 C.

Lai, J.W.S.; Pinto, L.J.; Kiehlmann, E.; Bendell-Young, L.I.; Moore, M.M. [Simon Fraser Univ., Burnaby, British Columbia (Canada)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

50 Hz sinusoidal magnetic fields do not affect human lymphocyte activation and proliferation in vitro  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the last 30 years, an increasing public concern about the possible harmful effects of electromagnetic fields generated by power lines and domestic appliances has pushed the scientific community to search for a correct and comprehensive answer to this problem. In this work the effects of exposure to 50 Hz sinusoidal magnetic fields, with a magnetic flux density of 0.05 mT and 2.5 mT (peak values), were studied on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) collected from healthy young and elderly donors. Cell activation and proliferation were investigated by using flow cytometry techniques and 3H-TdR incorporation assays, respectively. The results obtained indicated that exposure to the fields altered neither DNA synthesis nor the capacity of lymphocytes to enter the activation phase and progress into the cell cycle. Thus, the conclusions are that two important functional phases of human lymphocytes, such as activation and proliferation, are not affected by exposures to 50 Hz magnetic fields similar to those found under power lines.

Miriam Capri; Pietro Mesirca; Daniel Remondini; Simona Carosella; Sara Pasi; Gastone Castellani; Claudio Franceschi; Ferdinando Bersani

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

How training and experience affect the benefits of autonomy in a dirty-bomb experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A dirty-bomb experiment conducted at the INL is used to evaluate the effectiveness and suitability of three different modes of robot control. The experiment uses three distinct user groups to understand how participants’ background and training affect the way in which they use and benefit from autonomy. The results show that the target mode, which involves automated mapping and plume tracing together with a point and click tasking tool, provides the best performance for each group. This is true for objective performance such as source detection and localization accuracy as well as subjective measures such as perceived workload, frustration and preference. The best overall performance is achieved by the Explosive Ordinance Disposal group which has experience in both robot teleoperation and dirty bomb response. The user group that benefits least from autonomy is the Nuclear Engineers that have no experience with either robot operation or dirty bomb response. The group that benefits most from autonomy is the Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Response Team that has extensive experience related to the task, but no robot training.

David J. Bruemmer; Curtis W. Nielsen; David I. Gertman

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

A dynamic evolution model of human opinion as affected by advertising  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We propose a new model to investigate the dynamics of human opinion as affected by advertising, based on the main idea of the CODA model and taking into account two practical factors: one is that the marginal influence of an additional friend will decrease with an increasing number of friends; the other is the decline of memory over time. Simulations show several significant conclusions for both advertising agencies and the general public. A small difference of advertising’s influence on individuals or advertising coverage will result in significantly different advertising effectiveness within a certain interval of value. Compared to the value of advertising’s influence on individuals, the advertising coverage plays a more important role due to the exponential decay of memory. Meanwhile, some of the obtained results are in accordance with people’s daily cognition about advertising. The real key factor in determining the success of advertising is the intensity of exchanging opinions, and people’s external actions always follow their internal opinions. Negative opinions also play an important role.

Gui-Xun Luo; Yun Liu; Qing-An Zeng; Su-Meng Diao; Fei Xiong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Antioxidant metabolism in Xenopus laevis embryos is affected by stratospheric balloon flight  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To test the effects of low levels of radiation from space on living organisms, we flew Xenopus laevis embryos at different stages of development on a stratospheric balloon (BI.R.BA mission). After recovery, different parameters were analyzed to assess the effects of flight, with particular regard to oxidative stress damage. Because of failed temperature control during flight, the flight shielded embryos (FC) could not be used for biochemical or morphological comparisons. In contrast, the incubation conditions (i.e. temperature, containers, volumes) for the flight embryos (F) were parallel to those for the ground controls. Mortality data show that younger embryos (16 h) flown on the balloon (F) are more sensitive to radiation exposure than older ones (40 h and 6 days). Exposure during flight lowered the antioxidant potential in all embryos, particularly older ones. These preliminary data demonstrate that flight on a stratospheric balloon might affect antioxidant metabolism, though it is not yet possible to correlate these results with low radiation exposure during flight.

Angela M. Rizzo; Federica Rossi; Stefania Zava; Gigliola Montorfano; Laura Adorni; Vittorio Cotronei; Alba Zanini; Bruno Berra

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Leading trends in environmental regulation that affect energy development. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Major environmental issues that are likely to affect the implementation of energy technologies between now and the year 2000 are identified and assessed. The energy technologies specifically addressed are: oil recovery and processing; gas recovery and processing; coal liquefaction; coal gasification (surface); in situ coal gasification; direct coal combustion; advanced power systems; magnetohydrodynamics; surface oil shale retorting; true and modified in situ oil shale retorting; geothermal energy; biomass energy conversion; and nuclear power (fission). Environmental analyses of these technologies included, in addition to the main processing steps, the complete fuel cycle from resource extraction to end use. A comprehensive survey of the environmental community (including environmental groups, researchers, and regulatory agencies) was carried out in parallel with an analysis of the technologies to identify important future environmental issues. Each of the final 20 issues selected by the project staff has the following common attributes: consensus of the environmental community that the issue is important; it is a likely candidate for future regulatory action; it deals with a major environmental aspect of energy development. The analyses of the 20 major issues address their environmental problem areas, current regulatory status, and the impact of future regulations. These analyses are followed by a quantitative assessment of the impact on energy costs and nationwide pollutant emissions of possible future regulations. This is accomplished by employing the Strategic Environmental Assessment System (SEAS) for a subset of the 20 major issues. The report concludes with a more general discussion of the impact of environmental regulatory action on energy development.

Steele, R V; Attaway, L D; Christerson, J A; Kikel, D A; Kuebler, J D; Lupatkin, B M; Liu, C S; Meyer, R; Peyton, T O; Sussin, M H

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Factors Affecting the Hydrogen Environment Assisted Cracking Resistance of an AL-Zn-Mg-(Cu) Alloy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Precipitation hardenable Al-Zn-Mg alloys are susceptible to hydrogen environment assisted cracking (HEAC) when exposed to aqueous environments. In Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloys, overaged tempers are used to increase HEAC resistance at the expense of strength but overaging has little benefit in low copper alloys. However, the mechanism or mechanisms by which overaging imparts HEAC resistance is poorly understood. The present research investigated hydrogen uptake, diffusion, and crack growth rate in 90% relative humidity (RH) air for both a commercial copper bearing Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy (AA 7050) and a low copper variant of this alloy in order to better understand the factors which affect HEAC resistance. Experimental methods used to evaluate hydrogen concentrations local to a surface and near a crack tip include nuclear reaction analysis (NRA), focused ion beam, secondary ion mass spectroscopy (FIB/SIMS) and thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS). Results show that overaging the copper bearing alloys both inhibits hydrogen ingress from oxide covered surfaces and decreases the apparent hydrogen diffusion rates in the metal.

G.A. Young; J.R. Scully

2002-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

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401

Cognitive objectives vs Affective objectives in Sustainability curriculum In exploring for the general goals of an academic program in sustainability, even if only  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cognitive objectives vs Affective objectives in Sustainability curriculum In exploring to follow Bloom's distinction between cognitive objectives and affective objectives: Remember: Demonstrate goals, while England chooses language to emphasize cognitive learning goals. Australia: Understand

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

402

Salvage logging and forest renewal affect early aspen stand structure after catastrophic wind  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Among the major natural disturbances that occur in the North American boreal forest, the effects of catastrophic wind are the least studied due to its infrequent occurrence, often in inaccessible areas, and lack of rapid research response. Most documented studies have been conducted in conifer or mixedwood forests and generally have not considered follow up forest renewal operations such as salvage logging followed by planting and tending. In 2006 after a severe wind disturbance in trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) forest in northeastern Ontario, we established an operational study to investigate the effects of post-wind disturbance treatments on stand structure (residual live trees, snags, and downed wood) and early forest regeneration. The treatments were blowdown (B), blowdown followed by salvage logging (BS), blowdown followed by salvage logging, windrowing and planting (BSP), BSP followed by aerial spray (tending) with glyphosate 1 year after planting (BSPT), and clearcut (C). The operational salvage logging removed about 55% of the 60 m3 ha?1 of the snags and 15% of the 390 m3 ha?1 of the coarse downed wood. The relatively low rate of salvage removal increased the abundance (density and stocking) of aspen regeneration and reduced moss cover, but did not affect average height of aspen suckers or the abundance (cover) of other vegetation types. The mechanical operations damaged much of the advanced growth of conifers (mostly black spruce and balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.) released by the wind. However, these stems were not sufficiently abundant to contribute significantly to the regenerating forest. Windrowing before planting slightly reduced the amount of area covered by downed wood, while the tending reduced broadleaf regeneration and the abundance of shrubs and increased conifer regeneration and the abundance of grasses. If the management objective is to renew aspen forests lost to catastrophic wind, salvage logging is a viable option to clear the site for regeneration. Forest renewal treatments, including planting and tending, are required when the management objective is conifer regeneration.

Rongzhou Man; Han Y.H. Chen; Andrew Schafer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Hydrogeologic factors affecting cavern morphology within rocks of Mississippian age in northwestern Arkansas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cavern development within rocks of Mississippian age in northwestern Arkansas is associated with two Pleistocene erosional features, the Boston Mountains Plateau and the Springfield Plateau. Each plateau is characterized by a distinct stratigraphic sequence with unique lithologies. Cavern morphology (both cross-sectional and planimetric) in each plateau is the result of the complex interaction of numerous hydrogeologic factors. Four of the most dominant factors which affect cavern morphology appear to be: (1) composition and continuity of the confining units; (2) percentage of noncarbonate components in rocks of the cavern-forming interval; (3) nature and distribution of ground-water recharge to the cavern-forming interval; and (4) nature and distribution of fractures within the cavern-forming interval. Network maze patterns typically develop in the Pitkin Limestone, the formation in which most caverns form beneath the Boston Mountains Plateau. The Pitkin, a bioclastic limestone, is confined above by siltstones of the Cane Hill member of the Hale Formation and below by shales of the Fayetteville Formation. The maze pattern indicates that these caverns probably were formed by dissolution of the rock matrix by diffuse recharge moving vertically through leaky confining units. Single rooms are the dominant cavern morphology in the chert-dominated Boone Formation of the Springfield Plateau. Where the concentration of chert is greater than 50 percent, the Boone lacks structural integrity and fails to develop well-integrated conduit networks. Point recharge features in outcrop areas of the Boone Formation are not visible in most of the Springfield Plateau because the insoluble residuum masks the upper bedrock surface. Where the Boone Formation is less than 7 meters thick, surface karst features are more prevalent.

Fanning, B.J. (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR (United States). Dept. of Geology); Brahana, J.V. (Univ. of Arkansas , Fayetteville, AR (United States). Geological Survey)

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Factors that affect fracture fluid clean-up and pressure buildup test results in tight gas reservoirs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FACTORS THAT AFFECT FRACTURE FLUID CLEAN-UP AND PRESSURE BUILDUP TEST RESULTS IN TIGHT GAS RESERVOIRS A Thesis KEVIN TODD MONTGOMERY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1990 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering FACTORS THAT AFFECT FRACTURE FLUID CLEAN-UP AND PRESSURE BUILDUP TEST RESULTS IN TIGHT GAS RESERVOIRS A Thesis KEVIN TODD MONTGOMERY Approved as to style and content by: S...

Montgomery, Kevin Todd

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Small-scale turbulence affects the division rate and morphology of two red-tide dinoflagellates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effects of small-scale turbulence on two species of dinoflagellates were examined in cultures where the turbulent forces came randomly from all directions and were intermittent both spatially and temporally; much like small-scale turbulence in the ocean. With Lingulodinium polyedrum (Stein) Dodge (syn. Gonyaulax polyedra), division rate increased linearly (from ?0.35 to 0.5 per day) and the mean cross-sectional area (CSA) decreased linearly (from ?1100 to 750 ?m2) as a function of the logarithmic increase in turbulence energy dissipation rate (?). These effects were noted when ? values increased between ?10?8 and 10?4 m2 s?3. However, when ? increased to ?10?3 m2 s?3, division rate sharply decreased and mean CSA increased. Over the same range of ?, Alexandrium catenella (Wheedon and Kofoid) Balech had its division rate decrease linearly (from ?0.6 to 0.45 per day) and its CSA increase linearly (from ?560 to 650 ?m2) as a function of the logarithmic increase in ?. Even at the highest ? examined (?10?3 m2 s?3), which may be unrealistically high for their ambits, both L. polyedra and A. catenella still had fairly high division rates, ?0.2 and 0.45 per day, respectively. Turbulence strongly affected chain formation in A. catenella. In non-turbulent cultures, the mode was single cells (80–90% of the population), but at ? of ?10?5 to 10?4 m2 s?3, the mode was 8 cells per chain. At the highest ? (?10?3 m2 s?3), the mode decreased to 4 cells per chain. The vertical distributions of A. catenella populations in relation to hydrographic flow fields were studied in the summers of 1997 and 1998 in East Sound, Washington, USA (latitude 48°39?N, 122°53?W). In both summers, high concentrations of A. catenella were found as a subsurface bloom in a narrow depth interval (?2 m), where both current shear and turbulence intensity were at a minimum. Other researchers have shown that A. catenella orients its swimming in shear flows, and that swimming speed increases with chain length. These responses, when combined with our observations, support a hypothesis that A. catenella actively concentrates at depths with low turbulence and shear.

James M Sullivan; Elijah Swift; Percy L Donaghay; Jan E.B Rines

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Bilateral implant reconstruction does not affect the quality of postmastectomy radiation therapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To determine if the presence of bilateral implants, in addition to other anatomic and treatment-related variables, affects coverage of the target volume and dose to the heart and lung in patients receiving postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT). A total of 197 consecutive women with breast cancer underwent mastectomy and immediate tissue expander (TE) placement, with or without exchange for a permanent implant (PI) before radiation therapy at our center. PMRT was delivered with 2 tangential beams + supraclavicular lymph node field (50 Gy). Patients were grouped by implant number: 51% unilateral (100) and 49% bilateral (97). The planning target volume (PTV) (defined as implant + chest wall + nodes), heart, and ipsilateral lung were contoured and the following parameters were abstracted from dose-volume histogram (DVH) data: PTV D{sub 95%} > 98%, Lung V{sub 20}Gy > 30%, and Heart V{sub 25}Gy > 5%. Univariate (UVA) and multivariate analyses (MVA) were performed to determine the association of variables with these parameters. The 2 groups were well balanced for implant type and volume, internal mammary node (IMN) treatment, and laterality. In the entire cohort, 90% had PTV D{sub 95%} > 98%, indicating excellent coverage of the chest wall. Of the patients, 27% had high lung doses (V{sub 20}Gy > 30%) and 16% had high heart doses (V{sub 25}Gy > 5%). No significant factors were associated with suboptimal PTV coverage. On MVA, IMN treatment was found to be highly associated with high lung and heart doses (both p < 0.0001), but implant number was not (p = 0.54). In patients with bilateral implants, IMN treatment was the only predictor of dose to the contralateral implant (p = 0.001). In conclusion, bilateral implants do not compromise coverage of the target volume or increase lung and heart dose in patients receiving PMRT. The most important predictor of high lung and heart doses in patients with implant-based reconstruction, whether unilateral or bilateral, is treatment of the IMNs. Refinement of radiation techniques in reconstructed patients who require comprehensive nodal irradiation is warranted.

Ho, Alice Y., E-mail: hoa1234@mskcc.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Patel, Nisha [Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Ohri, Nisha [Department of Radiation Oncology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY (United States); Morrow, Monica [Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Mehrara, Babak J.; Disa, Joseph J.; Cordeiro, Peter G. [Department of Plastic Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Shi, Weiji; Zhang, Zhigang [Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Gelblum, Daphna [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Nerbun, Claire T.; Woch, Katherine M.; Ballangrud, Ase [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); McCormick, Beryl; Powell, Simon N. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States)

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Replacement of Val3 in Human Thymidylate Synthase Affects Its Kinetic Properties and Intracellular Stability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Human and other mammalian thymidylate synthase (TS) enzymes have an N-terminal extension of {approx}27 amino acids that is not present in bacterial TSs. The extension, which is disordered in all reported crystal structures of TSs, has been considered to play a primary role in protein turnover but not in catalytic activity. In mammalian cells, the variant V3A has a half-life similar to that of wild-type human TS (wt hTS) while V3T is much more stable; V3L, V3F, and V3Y have half-lives approximately half of that for wt hTS. Catalytic turnover rates for most Val3 mutants are only slightly diminished, as expected. However, two mutants, V3L and V3F, have strongly compromised dUMP binding, with K{sub m,app} values increased by factors of 47 and 58, respectively. For V3L, this observation can be explained by stabilization of the inactive conformation of the loop of residues 181-197, which prevents substrate binding. In the crystal structure of V3L, electron density corresponding to a leucine residue is present in a position that stabilizes the loop of residues 181-197 in the inactive conformation. Since this density is not observed in other mutants and all other leucine residues are ordered in this structure, it is likely that this density represents Leu3. In the crystal structure of a V3F {center_dot} FdUMP binary complex, the nucleotide is bound in an alternative mode to that proposed for the catalytic complex, indicating that the high K{sub m,app} value is caused not by stabilization of the inactive conformer but by substrate binding in a nonproductive, inhibitory site. These observations show that the N-terminal extension affects the conformational state of the hTS catalytic region. Each of the mechanisms leading to the high K{sub m,app} values can be exploited to facilitate design of compounds acting as allosteric inhibitors of hTS.

Huang, Xiao; Gibson, Lydia M.; Bell, Brittnaie J.; Lovelace, Leslie L.; Pea, Maria Marjorette O.; Berger, Franklin G.; Berger, Sondra H.; Lebioda, Lukasz (SC)

2010-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

408

Factors Affecting the Hydrogen Environment Assisted Cracking Resistance of an Al-Zn-Mg-(Cu) Alloy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is well established that Al-Zn-Mg-(Cu) aluminum alloys are susceptible to hydrogen environment assisted cracking (HEAC) when exposed to aqueous environments. In Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloys, overaged tempers are commonly used to increase HEAC resistance at the expense of strength. Overaging has little benefit in low copper alloys. However, the mechanism or mechanisms by which overaging imparts HEAC resistance is poorly understood. The present research investigated hydrogen uptake, diffusion, and crack growth rate in 90% relative humidity (RH) air for both a commercial copper bearing Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy (AA 7050) and a low copper variant of this alloy in order to better understand the factors which affect HEAC resistance. Experimental methods used to evaluate hydrogen concentrations local to a surface and near a crack tip include nuclear reaction analysis (NRA), focused ion beam, secondary ion mass spectroscopy (FIB/SIMS) and thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS). When freshly bared coupons of AA 7050 are exposed to 90 C, 90% RH air, hydrogen ingress follows inverse-logarithmic-type kinetics and is equivalent for underaged (HEAC susceptible) and overaged (HEAC resistant) tempers. However, when the native oxide is allowed to form (24 hrs in 25 C, 40% RH lab air) prior to exposure to 90 C, 90% RH air, underaged alloy shows significantly greater hydrogen ingress than the overaged alloy. Humid air is a very aggressive environment producing local ({approx}1{micro}m) hydrogen concentrations in excess of 10,000 wt. ppm at 90 C. In the copper bearing alloy, overaging also effects the apparent diffusivity of hydrogen. As AA 7050 is aged from underaged {yields} peak aged {yields} overaged, the activation energy for hydrogen diffusion increases and the apparent diffusivity for hydrogen decreases, In the low copper alloy, overaging has little effect on hydrogen diffusion. Comparison of the apparent activation energies for hydrogen diffusion and for K independent (stage II) crack growth rate in 90% RH air between 25 and 90 C indicates that hydrogen transport kinetics are responsible for the decreased crack growth rate of overaged AA 7050 relative to the peak aged temper.

G.A. Young; J.R. Scully

2001-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

409

Constitutive Expression of a High-Affinity Sulfate Transporter in Indian Mustard Affects Metal Tolerance and Accumulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a gene that confers enhanced metal translocation or tolerance. TOXIC METALS and metalloids of heavy metals there is an increased demand for reduced S compounds like GSH and PCs, and genes involvedConstitutive Expression of a High-Affinity Sulfate Transporter in Indian Mustard Affects Metal

410

How Robots' Questions Affect the Accuracy of the Human Responses Stephanie Rosenthal, Anind K. Dey, Manuela Veloso  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How Robots' Questions Affect the Accuracy of the Human Responses Stephanie Rosenthal, Anind K. Dey}@cs.cmu.edu Abstract-- Asking questions is an inevitable part of collabora- tive interactions between humans and robots. However, robotics novices may have difficulty answering the robots' questions if they do not understand

McLaren, Bruce Martin

411

Spodosol Development as Affected by Geomorphic Aspect, Baraga County, Michigan Robert V. Hunckler and Randall J. Schaetzl*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spodosol Development as Affected by Geomorphic Aspect, Baraga County, Michigan Robert V. Hunckler aspect on soil development in BaragaCounty,Michigan, as a means of explainingwithin-landform variability unaffected by this shading phenomenon because solar radiation is re- ceived from angles both north and south

Schaetzl, Randall

412

Abstract--Over four million Americans are affected by stroke. Current theories of stroke rehabilitation point towards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract--Over four million Americans are affected by stroke. Current theories of stroke program reorganization and partial function restoration. A home system for stroke rehabilitation to train and neuroscience with information technology to create a home based application for stroke rehabilitation. One

Durfee, William K.

413

UreaFormaldehyde-Resin Gel Time As Affected by the pH Value, Solid Content, and Catalyst  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Urea­Formaldehyde-Resin Gel Time As Affected by the pH Value, Solid Content, and Catalyst Cheng to investigate the effects of the resin solid content, catalyst content, and pH value obtained by the addition of two kinds of catalysts on the gel time of a urea­formaldehyde (UF) resin. Upon the addition

Wang, Siqun

414

FACTORS AFFECTING THE SUSTAINABILITY OF RURAL WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS: THE CASE OF MECHA WOREDA, AMHARA REGION, ETHIOPIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are used: shallow dug wells, spring and deep wells. A survey was carried out with 160 household in 16 waterFACTORS AFFECTING THE SUSTAINABILITY OF RURAL WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS: THE CASE OF MECHA WOREDA, AMHARA REGION, ETHIOPIA A Project Paper Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School of Cornell

Walter, M.Todd

415

School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences An investigation into factors affecting elephant welfare in UK zoos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences An investigation into factors affecting elephant welfare in UK zoos A DEFRA-commissioned study to assess the `Welfare, Housing and Husbandry of Elephants in UK Zoos` identified areas for improvement relating to the continued maintenance of elephants in UK

Evans, Paul

416

Mobilisation of arsenic from bauxite residue (red mud) affected soils: Effect of pH and redox conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). Typically, it comprises residual iron oxides, quartz, sodium aluminosilicates, titanium dioxide, calciumMobilisation of arsenic from bauxite residue (red mud) affected soils: Effect of pH and redox elements, including arsenic. Aerobic and anaer- obic batch experiments were prepared using soils from near

Burke, Ian

417

Positive affect predicting worker psychological response to cyber-bullying in the high-tech industry in Northern Taiwan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Online cyber-bullying has become a frequent occurrence in organizations. To understand individual dispositions and the organizational factors that effect online cyber-bullying, the present study investigates the relationship among positive affect, the ... Keywords: Cyber-bullying, Organizational innovation climate, Positive thinking, Psychological response, Workplace bullying

Jon-Chao Hong; Lin Chien-Hou; Ming-Yueh Hwang; Ru-Ping Hu; Yi-Ling Chen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Low-temperature TiO2 Films for Dye-sensitized Solar Cells: Factors Affecting Energy Conversion Efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Low-temperature TiO2 Films for Dye-sensitized Solar Cells: Factors Affecting Energy Conversion Efficiency ... The difference in short-circuit current is a factor of 2.2 with the Ru-based dye N719 and is 3.5 with the organic dye D5. ...

Alexander G. Agrios; Anders Hagfeldt

2008-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

419

LOOK FOR THE SIGNATURE 1 Look for the Signature: How the Infusion of Personal Signatures Affects Product Evaluations and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LOOK FOR THE SIGNATURE 1 Look for the Signature: How the Infusion of Personal Signatures Affects Product Evaluations and Purchase Behavior Abstract Brand managers often infuse personal signatures. The infusion of a personal signature into marketing stimuli thus influences consumption behavior by (1

Shyu, Mei-Ling

420

Metal contamination of soils and crops affected by the Chenzhou lead/zinc mine spill (Hunan, China)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Metal contamination of soils and crops affected by the Chenzhou lead/zinc mine spill (Hunan, China Avenue Edouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France b Department of Environmental Science, Hunan Agricultural polluted with As, Cd, Zn, Pb and Cu. The contamination levels were in the order of GYBNSZYNJTC showing

Mailhes, Corinne

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "affecting inefficient state-owned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Abstract--The reliability and quality of power distribution systems are usually affected by many different distribution faults.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Abstract--The reliability and quality of power distribution systems are usually affected by many different distribution faults. Tree-caused faults are one of the major fault causes. In this paper, four to analyze the characteristics of tree-caused distribution faults. This paper also uses statistical

Chow, Mo-Yuen

422

OPERATIONAL AND COMPOSITIONAL FACTORS THAT AFFECT THE PERFORMANCE PROPERTIES OF ARP/MCU SALTSTONE GROUT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Saltstone Production Facility (SPF) receives low level waste (LLW) salt solution from Tank 50H for treatment and disposal. Tank 50H receives transfers from the Effluent Treatment Project (ETP), the H-Canyon General Purpose Evaporator, and the Actinide Removal Process/Modular Caustic Side Solvent Extraction Unit (ARP/MCU) Decontaminated Salt Solution Hold Tank (DSS-HT). At the SPF, the LLW is mixed with premix (a cementitious mixture of portland cement (PC), blast furnace slag (BFS) and Class F fly ash (FA)) in a Readco mixer to produce fresh (uncured) saltstone that is transferred to the Saltstone Disposal Facility (SDF) vaults. The saltstone formulation (mix design) must produce a grout waste form that meets both placement and performance properties. In previous simulated saltstone studies, multiple compositional factors were identified that drive the performance properties of saltstone made from the projected ARP/MCU salt solution. This composition was selected as salt solution simulant since ARP/MCU is the primary influent into Tank 50H. The primary performance property investigated was hydraulic conductivity since it is a variable input property to the saltstone Performance Assessment (PA) transport model. In addition, the porosity, also referred to as void structure, is another variable that impacts the PA response. In addition, Young's modulus and cured density are other performance properties analyzed in this report; however they are indicators of the performance of saltstone and not direct inputs into the PA. The data from previous studies showed that the largest impact on the performance properties of saltstone was due to curing temperature, followed by aluminate concentration in the salt solution, water to premix ratio and premix composition. However, due to the scope of the previous studies, only a few mixes were cured and analyzed at higher temperatures. The samples cured at 60 C had an increased hydraulic conductivity of approximately 600 times that of the sample cured at room temperature. The hydration reactions initiated during the mixing of the premix and salt solution continue during the curing period in the vaults to produce the hardened waste form product. The heat generated from exothermic hydration reactions results in a temperature increase in the vaults that depends on the composition of the decontaminated salt solution being dispositioned, the grout formulation (mix design) and the pour frequency and volume. This heat generation is a contributing factor to the temperature increase in the vaults that leads to an increased cure temperature for the grout. This report will further investigate the impact of curing temperature on saltstone performance properties (hydraulic conductivity, Young's modulus, porosity, etc.) over a range of aluminate concentration, water to premix (w/p) ratio and weight percent fly ash in the premix processed at the SPF. The three curing temperatures selected for this study were chosen to provide data at fixed cure temperatures that represent measured temperatures in the SDF vaults. This does not represent the conditions in the vault where the temperature of the saltstone is continually changing with time. For example, it may take several days for the saltstone to reach 60 C at a given elevation. Previous results demonstrated that the rates at which a selected curing temperature is reached affect the performance properties. The approach taken in this task, a rapid increase to the curing temperature, may be conservative with respect to decreased performance. Nevertheless, the data will provide a basis from which to determine the impact of curing temperature on saltstone performance as a function of key variables. A statistical evaluation of the results for these mixes will be performed to provide the range, and associated uncertainties, of hydraulic conductivity and other properties over this factor space.

Reigel, M.; Edwards, T.; Pickenheim, B.

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

423

Quantitative Trait Loci Affecting Milk Yield and Protein Percentage in a Three-Country Brown Swiss Population  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping projects have been implemented mainly in the Holstein dairy cattle breed for several traits. The aim of this study is to map QTL for milk yield (MY) and milk protein percent (PP) in the Brown Swiss cattle populations of Austria, Germany, and Italy, considered in this study as a single population. A selective DNA pooling approach using milk samples was applied to map QTL in 10 paternal half-sib daughter families with offspring spanning from 1,000 to 3,600 individuals per family. Three families were sampled in Germany, 3 in Italy, 1 in Austria and 3 jointly in Austria and Italy. The pools comprised the 200 highest and 200 lowest performing daughters, ranked by dam-corrected estimated breeding value for each sire-trait combination. For each tail, 2 independent pools, each of 100 randomly chosen daughters, were constructed. Sire marker allele frequencies were obtained by densitometry and shadow correction analyses of 172 genome-wide allocated autosomal markers. Particular emphasis was placed on Bos taurus chromosomes 3, 6, 14, and 20. Marker association for MY and PP with a 10% false discovery rate resulted in nominal P-values of 0.071 and 0.073 for MY and PP, respectively. Sire marker association tested at a 20% false discovery rate (within significant markers) yielded nominal P-values of 0.031 and 0.036 for MY and PP, respectively. There were a total of 36 significant markers for MY, 33 for PP, and 24 for both traits; 75 markers were not significant for any of the traits. Of the 43 QTL regions found in the present study, 10 affected PP only, 8 affected MY only, and 25 affected MY and PP. Remarkably, all 8 QTL regions that affected only MY in the Brown Swiss, also affected MY in research reported in 3 Web-based QTL maps used for comparison with the findings of this study (http://www.vetsci.usyd.edu.au/reprogen/QTL_Map/; http://www.animalgenome.org/QTLdb/cattle.html; http://bovineqtl.tamu.edu/). Similarly, all 10 QTL regions in the Brown Swiss that affected PP only, affected only PP in the databases. Thus, many QTL appear to be common to Brown Swiss and other breeds in the databases (mainly Holstein), and an appreciable fraction of QTL appears to affect MY or PP primarily or exclusively, with little or no effect on the other trait. Although QTL information available today in the Brown Swiss population can be utilized only in a within family marker-assisted selection approach, knowledge of QTL segregating in the whole population should boost gene identification and ultimately the implementation and efficiency of an individual genomic program.

A. Bagnato; F. Schiavini; A. Rossoni; C. Maltecca; M. Dolezal; I. Medugorac; J. Sölkner; V. Russo; L. Fontanesi; A. Friedmann; M. Soller; E. Lipkin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Factors affecting the adoption or acceptance of internet banking services: a review and analysis of past research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Extensive review of literature shows that there is scarcity of facts related to retaining the old customers of internet banking and acquisition of new customers. This study is conducted to examine the trend of internet banking usage, its attributes and various factors affecting its adoption. The aim of this paper is to present the managers view along with the customer's view in internet banking and services to reduce the gap between customer's perceptions and manager's perceptions regarding factors affecting adoption of internet banking. This paper provides an insight into the key factors such as security, reliability, accessibility, availability, and cost, etc. used by researchers that should be kept in mind by customers before selecting particular internet banking services. These findings will be useful for new researchers who want to explore new dimensions in this field along with reducing the cost of customer acquisition, provide better service quality and higher customer retention rate.

Vaibhav Mishra; Vrijendra Singh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Geochemical factors affecting radionuclide transport through near and far fields at a Low-Level Waste Disposal Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The concentration of low-level waste (LLW) contaminants in groundwater is determined by the amount of contaminant present in the solid waste, rate of release from the waste and surrounding barriers, and a number of geochemical processes including adsorption, desorption, diffusion, precipitation, and dissolution. To accurately predict radionuclide transport through the subsurface, it is essential that the important geochemical processes affecting radionuclide transport be identified and, perhaps more importantly, accurately quantified and described in a mathematically defensible manner.

Kaplan, D.I.; Seme, R.J. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Piepkho, M.G. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Risk factors associated with interherd transmission of Brucella abortus and their impact on detection of affected cattle herds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by CARLTON DIX HARRELL Approved as to style and content by: Richard P Crawford (Chair of Committee) aymond A. Dietrich (Member) Ernest E. Davis (Member) Gerald R. Bratton (Head of Department) December 1991 ABSTRACT Risk Factors Associated... With Interherd Transmission Of Brucella abortus And Their Impact On Detection Of Affected Cattle Herds. (December 1991) Carlton Dix Harrell, A. A. , Chipola Junior College; B. S. , University of Florida; D. V. M. , Auburn University Chair of Advisory...

Harrell, Carlton Dix

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

427

Cowpea ratooning as affected by cultivar, cutting height, and time of cutting and its effect on nitrogen fixation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COWPEA RATOONING AS AFFECIZD BY CULTIVAR, CWRITING HEIGHT, AND TIME OF CUTTING AND ITS EFFECT ON NITROGEN FIXATION A Thesis by DOUGLAS CHARLES SCHEURING Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1990 Major Subject: Horticulture COWPEA RATOONING AS AFFECTED BY CULTIVAR, CUTTING HEIGHT, AND TIME OF CUTTING AND ITS EFFECT ON NITROGEN FIXATION A Thesis by DOUGLAS CHARLES...

Scheuring, Douglas Charles

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

428

Women's reactions to dominant and Agreeable men: how are initial judgements of attraction affected by peer discussion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WOMEN'S REACTIONS TO DOMINANT AND AGREEABLE MEN: HOW ARE INITIAL JUDGMENTS OF ATTRACTION AFFECTED BY PEER DISCUSSION A Senior Honors Thesis By CYNTHIA MARIA DEAN Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs 4 Academic Scholarships Texas A 8c M... A Senior Honors Thesis By CYNTHIA MARIA DEAN Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs 8r, Academic Scholarships Texas A k M University In partial fulfiHment for the designation of UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOW Approved...

Dean, Cynthia Maria

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

429

Energy literacy of secondary students in New York State (USA): A measure of knowledge, affect, and behavior  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy literacy, which encompasses broad content knowledge as well as affective and behavioral characteristics, will empower people to make appropriate energy-related choices and embrace changes in the way we harness and consume energy. Energy literacy was measured with a written questionnaire completed by 3708 secondary students in New York State, USA. Results indicate that students are concerned about energy problems (affective subscale mean 73% of the maximum attainable score), yet relatively low cognitive (42% correct) and behavioral (65% of the maximum) scores suggest that students may lack the knowledge and skills they need to effectively contribute toward solutions. High school (HS) students scored significantly better than middle school (MS) students on the cognitive subscale; gains were greatest on topics included in NY State educational standards, and less on topics related to “practical” energy knowledge such as ways to save energy. Despite knowledge gains, there was a significant drop in energy conservation behavior between the MS and HS students. Intercorrelations between groups of questions indicate energy-related behaviors are more strongly related to affect than to knowledge. These findings underscore the need for education that improves energy literacy by impacting student attitudes, values and behaviors, as well as broad content knowledge.

Jan E. DeWaters; Susan E. Powers

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Structural responses and power output of a wind turbine are strongly affected by the wind field acting on the wind turbine. Knowledge about the wind field and its  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT Structural responses and power output of a wind turbine are strongly affected by the wind affect the power output and structural responses of a wind turbine. Wind field characteristics are conventionally described by time averaged features, such as mean wind speed, turbulence intensity and power

Stanford University

431

Will heat from the pipeline affect groundwater and surface water? Response by Professor James Goeke The temperature of a pipeline buried 4 feet would  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Water Will heat from the pipeline affect groundwater and surface water? Response by Professor James Goeke ­ The temperature of a pipeline buried 4 feet would probably affect surface water. In some places the pipeline might be quite near the water table and in others it could be 50-100 feet

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

432

Pertussis toxin partially inhibits phagocytosis of immunoglobulin G-opsonized Staphylococcus aureus by human granulocytes but does not affect intracellular killing.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...IgG-opsonized S. aureus, either PT does not cause a decrease in the...metabolites or such a decrease does not affect intracellular killing...accompanying respiratory burst but does not affect intracellular killing...In D. M. Weir (ed.). Handbook of experimental immunology...

P S Hiemstra; A Annema; E F Schippers; R van Furth

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Detailed Description of Data for Texas' Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

County Residential Building Permit Activity Map3.ppt shows Available Weather Files & Weather Station in Texas Map4.ppt shows NAHB Division of East & West Texas Figure 6: EPA Non-attainment and affected counties November 2002 Energy Systems Laboratory...2 and WYEC2 weather files compared to IECC weather zones for Texas. November 2002 Energy Systems Laboratory, Texas A&M University SB5 DOE-2 Report p. 24 Figure 9: NAHB Division of East & West Texas 3.9 Building Characteristics from NAHB Folder Name...

Im, P.; Haberl, J. S.; Ahmad, M.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

A parametric study of factors affecting oil recovery efficiency from carbon dioxide injection using a compositional reservoir model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% OOIP. The reservoir and fluid information for the pilot area is located in Table 2. 1. 5. Injection of a 338 of pore volume slug of carbon 15 dioxide, methane, and n-butane began in January of 1981. The project consisted of one updip injector...A PARAMETRIC STUDY OF FACTORS AFFECTING OIL RECOVERY EFFICIENCY FROM CARBON DIOXIDE INJECTION USING A COMPOSITIONAL RESERVOIR MODEL A THESIS by GREGORY ALLEN BARNES Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University...

Barnes, Gregory Allen.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Factors Affecting the Rate of Penetration of Large-Scale Electricity Technologies: The Case of Carbon Sequestration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project falls under the Technology Innovation and Diffusion topic of the Integrated Assessment of Climate Change Research Program. The objective was to better understand the critical variables that affect the rate of penetration of large-scale electricity technologies in order to improve their representation in integrated assessment models. We conducted this research in six integrated tasks. In our first two tasks, we identified potential factors that affect penetration rates through discussions with modeling groups and through case studies of historical precedent. In the next three tasks, we investigated in detail three potential sets of critical factors: industrial conditions, resource conditions, and regulatory/environmental considerations. Research to assess the significance and relative importance of these factors involved the development of a microeconomic, system dynamics model of the US electric power sector. Finally, we implemented the penetration rate models in an integrated assessment model. While the focus of this effort is on carbon capture and sequestration technologies, much of the work will be applicable to other large-scale energy conversion technologies.

James R. McFarland; Howard J. Herzog

2007-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

436

Hawaii Integrated Energy Assessment. Volume V. Rules, regulations, permits and policies affecting the development of alternate energy sources in Hawaii  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A comprehensive presentaton of the major permits, regulations, rules, and controls which are likely to affect the development of alternate energy sources in Hawaii is presented. An overview of the permit process, showing the major categories and types of permits and controls for energy alternatives is presented. This is followed by a brief resume of current and projected changes designed to streamline the permit process. The permits, laws, regulations, and controls that are applicable to the development of energy alternatives in Hawaii are described. The alternate energy technologies affected, a description of the permit or control, and the requirements for conformance are presented for each applicable permit. Federal, state, and county permits and controls are covered. The individual energy technologies being considered as alternatives to the State's present dependence on imported fossil fuels are emphasized. The alternate energy sources covered are bioconversion, geothermal, ocean thermal, wind, solar (direct), and solid waste. For each energy alternative, the significant permits are summarized with a brief explanation of why they may be necessary. The framework of policy development at each of the levels of government with respect to the alternate energy sources is covered.

Not Available

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Factors affecting water coning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of these variables and plotted as reservoir WOR versus cumulative production of recoverable oil; the water and oil production characteristi cs of a field situation can be predicted by finding the equivalent system among these computer runs. The surface water... of these variables and plotted as reservoir WOR versus cumulative production of recoverable oil; the water and oil production characteristi cs of a field situation can be predicted by finding the equivalent system among these computer runs. The surface water...

Parker, Randy Keith

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

438

Chapter 3 Affected Environment  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Emissions Notices, provides the provisions for construction and operating permits. An Air Pollution Emission Notice (APEN) is required for each individual emission point in an...

439

How do Wind and Solar Power Affect Grid Operations: The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study; Preprint  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

17 17 September 2009 How do Wind and Solar Power Affect Grid Operations: The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Preprint D. Lew and M. Milligan National Renewable Energy Laboratory G. Jordan, L. Freeman, N. Miller, K. Clark, and R. Piwko GE To be presented at the 8th International Workshop on Large Scale Integration of Wind Power and on Transmission Networks for Offshore Wind Farms Bremen, Germany October 14-15, 2009 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (ASE), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and ASE retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes.

440

A fuzzy psycho-physiological approach to enable the understanding of an engineer’s affect status during CAD activities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Affective computing involves human–computer interaction (HCI) where an interface can detect and respond in context to a user’s emotions. Emotions play an essential role in the daily activities of a human during work and, as a consequence, can critically affect their decision-making. Recent research on affective computing opens the door to exploring the emotional aspects of computer aided tasks and HCI; however, there is little research in this area related to computer aided design (CAD). There is an established connection between emotional and cognitive processes and without these emotional markers decision-making in humans is almost non-existent. The holy grail of engineering design is for a concept to be ‘right-first-time’ and only by delving into the affect-cognitive domain will insights in terms of the associability of critical decision-making and the underlying intent of engineering decisions and tasks be better understood. Work in this field aims to recognize, interpret and process human emotions in order to support and adapt computer-based systems and their associated interfaces to user behaviors and to elicit appropriate system responses. This is a very contemporary area in engineering design research. One key aspect of provisioning CAD systems with the capability to detect the emotional state of the engineer is to lessen the chance of distorted reasoning as a result of irrational judgements. Work in this area can potentially identify emotional markers that influence the coherence/incoherence of reasoning against knowledge as well as the potential quality and suitability of a specific engineering solution or approach. This paper proposes and investigates a methodology to determine the emotional aspects attributed to a set of CAD design tasks by analyzing the CAD operators’ psycho-physiological signals. Two sets of experiments were conducted. A pilot case study focused on modeling tasks carried out in Solid Edge™ was run to prove the validity of the methodology, the tools applied and subsequent analysis. The main case study extended this to more wide-ranging user logging, incorporating a series of configuration and optimization tasks in Siemens NX™ for a real design task. Psycho-physiological signals of electroencephalography (EEG) and galvanic skin resistance (GSR)/electrocardiography (ECG) were recorded along with a log of CAD system user interactions. A fuzzy logic model was established to map the psycho-physiological signals to a set of key emotions, namely frustration, satisfaction, engagement and challenge and the results analyzed. The methodology and subsequent analysis applied was found to be repeatable. Over the various task action-chains the elicitation and interpretation of each participant’s emotions were successfully carried out with significant correlations demonstrated between the associated engineers’ CAD activities and their reported emotional states.

Y. Liu; J.M. Ritchie; T. Lim; Z. Kosmadoudi; A. Sivanathan; R.C.W. Sung

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "affecting inefficient state-owned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Initial Recognition of a Cellodextrin Chain in the Cellulose-Binding Tunnel May Affect Cellobiohydrolase Directional Specificity  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Initial Initial Recognition of a Cellodextrin Chain in the Cellulose-Binding Tunnel May Affect Cellobiohydrolase Directional Specificity Pavan K. GhattyVenkataKrishna, †‡ Emal M. Alekozai, §{ Gregg T. Beckham, k ** Roland Schulz, {‡‡ Michael F. Crowley, ‡†† * Edward C. Uberbacher, †‡ * and Xiaolin Cheng ‡{‡‡ * † Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Group and ‡ BioEnergy Science Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee; § Interdisciplinary Center for Scientific Computing, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg Germany; { UT/ORNL Center for Molecular Biophysics, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee; k National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado; **Department of Chemical Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado; †† Biosciences Center, National

442

Telecommunications Policy, vol. 37, no. 6-7, July 2013, pp. 540-62 Does ICT in schools affect residential adoption and adult utilization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Telecommunications Policy, vol. 37, no. 6-7, July 2013, pp. 540-62 Does ICT in schools affect, by living with ICT that was likely brought into the households for those students. #12;Telecommunications

Peha, Jon M.

443

Steady-State Pharmacokinetics of Rivastigmine in Patients with Mild to Moderate Alzheimer’s Disease Not Affected by Co-Administration of Memantine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Background and objective: It has been shown that combining memantine and a cholinesterase inhibitor, which each affect ... The present study was conducted to determine if memantine has any effect...

Joshua Shua-Haim; Juanita Smith; Franck Picard; Greg Sedek…

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

How Do the Management System’s Deficiencies Affect On Safety A Case Study of Accomplishment of FMEA in a Paper Mill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to see how the existing management system can affect on safety activities like identification of hazards in the Digester by FMEA technique. Majority of managers did not believe...

J. Adl PhD.; M Sc.; B Sc.…

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

An Examination of Cultural Values and Employees' Perceptions of Support on Affective Reaction and the Desire to Participate in a Formal Mentoring Program in an Oilfield Services Corporation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

support), affective reaction (job satisfaction and organizational commitment), and the intent to participate in a formal mentoring program in an oilfield services organization. A 44-item electronic survey was utilized to collect data. The questionnaire...

Hayes, Hanna Bea

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

446

Satellite Data Assimilation in Numerical Weather Prediction Models. Part II: Uses of Rain-Affected Radiances from Microwave Observations for Hurricane Vortex Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A hybrid variational scheme (HVAR) is developed to produce the vortex analysis associated with tropical storms. This scheme allows for direct assimilation of rain-affected radiances from satellite microwave instruments. In the HVAR, the ...

Fuzhong Weng; Tong Zhu; Banghua Yan

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Complete Proteomic-Based Enzyme Reaction and Inhibition Kinetics Reveal How Monolignol Biosynthetic Enzyme Families Affect Metabolic Flux and Lignin in Populus trichocarpa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...are key factors affecting plant resistance to pests and pathogens (Sarkanen...optimization-based methods, such as elementary mode analysis, minimal metabolic...future genetic engineering for resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses...

Jack P. Wang; Punith P. Naik; Hsi-Chuan Chen; Rui Shi; Chien-Yuan Lin; Jie Liu; Christopher M. Shuford; Quanzi Li; Ying-Hsuan Sun; Sermsawat Tunlaya-Anukit; Cranos M. Williams; David C. Muddiman; Joel J. Ducoste; Ronald R. Sederoff; Vincent L. Chiang

2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

448

Development of the triage, monitoring and treatment Handbook for Members of the Public Affected by Radiological Terrorism - A European Response  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

European national emergency response plans have long been focused on accidents at nuclear power plants. Recently, the possible threats by disaffected groups have shifted the focus to being prepared also for malevolent use of radiation that are aimed at creating disruption and panic in the society. The casualties will most likely be members of the public. According to the scenario, the number of affected people can vary from a few to mass casualties. The radiation exposure can range from very low to substantial, possibly combined with conventional injuries. There is a need to develop practicable tools for the adequate response to such acts and more specifically to address European guidelines for triage, monitoring and treatment of exposed people. Although European countries have developed emergency response plans for nuclear accidents they have not all made plans for handling malevolent use of radioactive material. Indeed, there is a need to develop practical guidance on emergency response and medical treatment of the public affected by malevolent acts. Generic guidance on this topic has been published by international organisations. They are, however, not operational documents to be used in emergency situations. The Triage, Monitoring and Treatment (TMT) Handbook aims to strengthen the European ability to efficiently respond to malevolent acts in terms of protecting and treating exposed people. Part of the Handbook is also devoted to public information and communication issues which would contribute to public reassurance in emergency situations. The Handbook will be drafted by European and international experts before it is circulated to all emergency response institutions in Europe that would be a part of the handling of malevolent acts using radioactive material. The institutions would be given a 6 months consultation time with encouragement to test the draft Handbook in national exercises. A workshop will allow feedback from these end users on the content, structure and usefulness of the Handbook before a final version is produced. In order to achieve the project's objectives a consortium has been drawn together including, Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, the Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority, Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority of Finland, the UK Health Protection Agency, the Central Laboratory for Radiological Protection of Poland and the World Health Organisation. Enviros Consulting is acting as the technical secretariat for the project. The Handbook will aim to harmonise the approaches to handling malevolent acts across Europe. This harmonisation will have an added value on the public confidence in authorities since differing approaches in neighbouring countries could lead to public confusion and mistrust. (authors)

Kruse, P. [Enviros Consulting Limited, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon OX (United Kingdom); Rojas-Palma, C. [Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK-CEN), Radiation Protection Div., Mol (Belgium)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Regional Algal Biofuel Production Potential in the Coterminous United States as Affected by Resource Availability Trade-offs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The warm sunny climate and unoccupied arid lands in the American southwest are favorable factors for algae cultivation. However, additional resources affect the overall viability of specific sites and regions. We investigated the tradeoffs between growth rate, water, and CO2 availability and costs for two strains: N. salina and Chlorella sp. We conducted site selection exercises (~88,000 US sites) to produce 21 billion gallons yr-1 (BGY) of renewable diesel (RD). Experimental trials from the National Alliance for Advanced Biofuels and Bio-Products (NAABB) team informed the growth model of our Biomass Assessment Tool (BAT). We simulated RD production by both lipid extraction and hydrothermal liquefaction. Sites were prioritized by the net value of biofuel minus water and flue gas costs. Water cost models for N. salina were based on seawater and high salinity groundwater and for Chlorella, fresh and brackish groundwater. CO2 costs were based on a flue gas delivery model. Selections constrained by production and water were concentrated along the Gulf of Mexico and southeast Atlantic coasts due to high growth rates and low water costs. Adding flue gas constraints increased the spatial distribution, but the majority of sites remained in the southeast. The 21 BGY target required ~3.8 million hectares of mainly forest (41.3%) and pasture (35.7%). Exclusion in favor of barren and scrub lands forced most production to the southwestern US, but with increased water consumption (5.7 times) and decreased economic efficiency (-38%).

Venteris, Erik R.; Skaggs, Richard; Wigmosta, Mark S.; Coleman, Andre M.

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

450

Do tax incentives affect households? adoption of ‘green’ cars? A panel study of the Stockholm congestion tax  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Policymakers have made several attempts to introduce local and national policies to reduce CO2 emissions and stimulate the consumer adoption of alternative fuel vehicles (ethanol/E85 cars). The purpose of this paper is to analyze how a local policy measure impacts the composition of the car fleet over time. More specifically, we take advantage of the natural experiment setting caused by the introduction of the Stockholm congestion tax (2006) to analyze how the tax affected purchases of ethanol cars that were exempted from the tax. To estimate effects, we employ a Difference-in-differences methodology. By using a comprehensive database of the car fleet and car owners, sociodemographic and geographic factors are analyzed, which is unique in the existing literature. Our results suggest that the congestion tax had a significant impact on ethanol car purchases although the effect fades away over time. Furthermore, there is a positive relationship between the level of education and ethanol car purchases. Previous adoption of an ethanol car is found to be the strongest predictor of ethanol car purchases. Finally, data indicate that Stockholmers substantially increased purchases of ethanol cars half a year before the introduction of the congestion tax, which we refer to as an anticipation effect.

Andrea Mannberg; Johan Jansson; Thomas Pettersson; Runar Brännlund; Urban Lindgren

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

The Stress Corrosion Crack Growth Rate of Alloy 600 Heat Affected Zones Exposed to High Purity Water  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Grain boundary chromium carbides improve the resistance of nickel based alloys to primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC). However, in weld heat affected zones (HAZ's), thermal cycles from fusion welding can solutionize beneficial grain boundary carbides, produce locally high residual stresses and strains, and promote PWSCC. The present research investigates the crack growth rate of an A600 HAZ as a function of test temperature. The A600 HAZ was fabricated by building up a gas-tungsten-arc-weld deposit of EN82H filler metal onto a mill-annealed A600 plate. Fracture mechanics based, stress corrosion crack growth rate testing was performed in high purity water between 600 F and 680 F at an initial stress intensity factor of 40 ksi {radical}in and at a constant electrochemical potential. The HAZ samples exhibited significant SCC, entirely within the HAZ at all temperatures tested. While the HAZ samples showed the same temperature dependence for SCC as the base material (HAZ: 29.8 {+-} 11.2{sub 95%} kcal/mol vs A600 Base: 35.3 {+-} 2.58{sub 95%} kcal/mol), the crack growth rates were {approx} 30X faster than the A600 base material tested at the same conditions. The increased crack growth rates of the HAZ is attributed to fewer intergranular chromium rich carbides and to increased plastic strain in the HAZ as compared to the unaffected base material.

George A. Young; Nathan Lewis

2003-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

452

Inefficient Tat-Dependent Export of Periplasmic Amidases in an Escherichia coli Strain with Mutations in Two DedA Family Genes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...expressed in the chromosomal GFP fusion strains, 3 to 4 s for strains...488-nm line of the Ar/Kr green laser (with the laser power set to maximum), referred...coli amiABC mutant (31). If the fusion of the inner membrane were completed...

Rakesh Sikdar; William T. Doerrler

2009-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

453

Super-Penrose collisions are inefficient - a Comment on: Black hole fireworks: ultra-high-energy debris from super-Penrose collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a paper posted on the arXiv a few weeks ago Berti, Brito and Cardoso \\cite{Berti+14} suggest that ultra-high-energy particles can emerge from collisions in a black hole's ergosphere. This can happen if the process involves a particle on an outgoing trajectory very close to the black hole. Clearly such a particle cannot emerge from the black hole. It is argued \\cite{Berti+14} that this particle can arise in another collision. Thus the process involves two collisions: one in which an outgoing particle is produced extremely close to the horizon, and a second one in which energy is gained. The real efficiency of this process should take into account, therefore, the energy needed to produce the first particle. We show here that while this process is kinematically possible, it requires a deposition of energy that is divergently large compared with the energy of the escaping particle. Thus, in contradiction to claims of infinitely high efficiencies, the efficiency of the combined process is in fact extremely smal...

Leiderschneider, Elly

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Diagnosis of sources of current inefficiency in industrial molten salt electrolysis cells by Raman spectroscopy: A topical report on chlorides: Topical report, June 1982-June 1987  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Molten salt electrolysis, a very energy-intensive process, is used in the extraction of light metals. Aluminum production by the Hall process and magnesium production in the Dow and I.G. Farbenindustrie cells constitute the major commercial applications of metal electrowinning from molten-salt media at present. The energy input into the electrolysis cell is in the form of direct current, and the energy efficiencies in the magnesium or aluminum processes are only in the 30 to 40% range. Major energy reductions are achieved by reducing the cell voltage or by increasing the current efficiency. Goal of the research is to identify the sources of the current losses occurring in molten salt electrolysis. This research worked on the systems of I.G. Farben magnesium chloride and Alcoa smelting aluminum chloride processes. Raman spectra were measured and analyzed for each component or their mixtures of the electrolyte for magnesium and aluminum reduction in chloride melts. Raman measurements were also conducted on the melts of industrial composition for aluminum and magnesium electrolysis. In laboratory-scale cells which imitated industrial practice, Raman spectra were measured in situ during electrolysis in attempts to identify the streamers, coloration of electrolyte, and any subvalent species. They were known to occur only during electrolysis, and they have been reported to be possible current losses. Cyclic voltammetry was conducted to obtain information about the generation of subvalent species which were not detected by Raman measurement. These were thought to be kinetic entities present only during electrolysis. Results of Raman spectroscopy and electrochemistry of magnesium and aluminum reduction from molten chloride bath are presented. The results would be useful to establish the basis for the study of electrolysis of aluminum from molten fluoride media. 119 refs., 66 figs.

Sadoway, D. R.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Prolonged protein deprivation, but not food restriction, affects parvalbumin-containing interneurons in the dentate gyrus of adult rats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Several studies have demonstrated the vulnerability of the hippocampal formation to malnutrition. In this study, we compared the effects of food restriction and protein malnutrition in the total number of neurons of the dentate gyrus and in the number of parvalbumin-immunoreactive (PV-IR) interneurons, which are related to the control of calcium homeostasis and fine tuning of the hippocampal circuits. Two month-old rats were randomly assigned to control, food-restricted and low-protein diet groups. After 6 months, 10 rats from the low-protein diet group were selected at random and fed with a normal protein diet for 2 months. The total number of granule and hilar cells was reduced in protein-deprived rats and the nutritional reestablishment with a normal protein diet did not recover neuron numbers. Protein deprivation increased the number of PV-IR interneurons in the granule cell layer and hilus, but their number returned to values similar to controls after nutritional rehabilitation. Food restriction did not affect the total number of neurons or the density of PV-IR interneurons in the dentate gyrus. These results support the view that protein deprivation may disturb calcium homeostasis, leading to neuronal death. The up-regulation of PV-IR cells may reflect a protective mechanism to counteract the calcium overload and protect the remaining neurons of the dentate gyrus. This imbalance in cell-ratio favoring \\{GABAergic\\} interneurons may justify some learning and memory impairments described in protein-deprived animals. This contrast between the results of food restriction and protein deprivation should be further analyzed in future studies.

Armando Cardoso; João Paulo Castro; Pedro Alberto Pereira; José Paulo Andrade

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

The affect of erbium hydride on the conversion efficience to accelerated protons from ultra-shsort pulse laser irradiated foils  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This thesis work explores, experimentally, the potential gains in the conversion efficiency from ultra-intense laser light to proton beams using erbium hydride coatings. For years, it has been known that contaminants at the rear surface of an ultra-intense laser irradiated thin foil will be accelerated to multi-MeV. Inertial Confinement Fusion fast ignition using proton beams as the igniter source requires of about 10{sup 16} protons with an average energy of about 3MeV. This is far more than the 10{sup 12} protons available in the contaminant layer. Target designs must include some form of a hydrogen rich coating that can be made thick enough to support the beam requirements of fast ignition. Work with computer simulations of thin foils suggest the atomic mass of the non-hydrogen atoms in the surface layer has a strong affect on the conversion efficiency to protons. For example, the 167amu erbium atoms will take less energy away from the proton beam than a coating using carbon with a mass of 12amu. A pure hydrogen coating would be ideal, but technologically is not feasible at this time. In the experiments performed for my thesis, ErH{sub 3} coatings on 5 {micro}m gold foils are compared with typical contaminants which are approximately equivalent to CH{sub 1.7}. It will be shown that there was a factor of 1.25 {+-} 0.19 improvement in the conversion efficiency for protons above 3MeV using erbium hydride using the Callisto laser. Callisto is a 10J per pulse, 800nm wavelength laser with a pulse duration of 200fs and can be focused to a peak intensity of about 5 x 10{sup 19}W/cm{sup 2}. The total number of protons from either target type was on the order of 10{sup 10}. Furthermore, the same experiment was performed on the Titan laser, which has a 500fs pulse duration, 150J of energy and can be focused to about 3 x 10{sup 20} W/cm{sup 2}. In this experiment 10{sup 12} protons were seen from both erbium hydride and contaminants on 14 {micro} m gold foils. Significant improvements were also observed but possibly because of the depletion of hydrogen in the contaminant layer case.

Offermann, D

2008-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

457

DOE-EMSP Final Report: Characterization of Changes in Colloid and DNAPL Affecting Surface Chemistry and Remediation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The waste disposal to the M-area basin and A-14 outfall at the Savannah River Department of Energy facility in Aiken SC (USA) included a wide variety of inorganic aqueous flows and organic solvents in the form of dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPL). The DNAPL has migrated through the subsurface resulting in widespread groundwater contamination. The goal of this research was to identify and quantify processes that could have affected the migration and remediation of the DNAPL in the subsurface. It was hypothesized that the variety of waste disposed at this site could have altered the mineral, microbial and DNAPL properties at this site relative to other DNAPL sites. The DNAPL was determined to have a very low interfacial tension and is suspected to be distributed in fine grained media, thereby reducing the effectiveness of soil vapor extraction remediation efforts. Although the DNAPL is primarily comprised of tetrachloroethene and trichloroethane, it also contains organic acids and several heavy metals. Experimental results suggest that iron from the aqueous and DNAPL phases undergoes precipitation and dechlorination reactions at the DNAPL-water interface, contributing to the low interfacial tension and acidity of the DNAPL. Biological activity in the contaminated region can also contribute to the low interfacial tension. PCE degrading bacteria produce biosurfactants and adhere to the DNAPL-water interface when stressed by high tetrachloroethene or low dissolved oxygen concentrations. The presence of iron can reduce the interfacial tension by nearly an order of magnitude, while the PCE degraders reduced the interfacial tension by nearly 50%. Abiotic changes in the mineral characteristics were not found to be substantially different between contaminated and background samples. The research completed here begins to shed some insight into the complexities of DNAPL fate and migration at sites where co-disposal of many different waste products occurred. Quantifying the low interfacial tension of the SRS DNAPL helps to formulate a new conceptual picture of the subsurface DNAPL migration and provides an explanation of the limited effectiveness of remediation efforts. Alternative designs for remediation that are more effective for sites with DNAPL in fine grained media are required.

Susan E. Powers; Stefan J. Grimberg; Miles Denham

2007-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

458

Is Psychology right for me? If you are interested in the brain and how it affects our behaviour then Psychology could  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Psychology Is Psychology right for me? If you are interested in the brain and how it affects our behaviour then Psychology could be an option for you. You will explore a variety of factors and different processes that underpin daily activities such as memory, thinking and reasoning. Are all Psychology degrees

Harman, Neal.A.

459

Vertical Tail Buffeting Alleviation Using Piezoelectric Actuators - Some Results of the Actively Controlled Response Of Buffet-Affected Tails (ACROBAT) Program  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 1/6-scale F-18 wind-tunnel model was tested in the Transonic Dynamics Tunnel at the NASA Langley Research Center as part of the Actively Controlled Response of Buffet-Affected Tails (ACROBAT) program to assess the use of active controls in reducing ...

Moses Robert W.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Seasonality and wildlife disease: how seasonal birth, aggregation and variation in immunity affect the dynamics of Mycoplasma gallisepticum in house finches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...patterns of social organization, they are rarely viewed in light of how they would affect disease dynamics (but see Gremillion-Smith...Monogr. 72, 169184. Bock, C. E. & Lepthien, L. W. 1976 Christmas count analysis of Fringillidae. Bird-Banding 47, 263272...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "affecting inefficient state-owned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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461

Gestational and early postnatal dietary NaCl levels affect NaCl intake, but not stimulated water intake, by adult rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

intake, by adult rats Kathleen S. Curtis, Eric G. Krause, Donna L. Wong, and Robert J. Contreras affect NaCl intake, but not stimulated water intake, by adult rats. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp examined body fluid regulation by weanling (21­25 days) and adult ( 60 days) male rats that were offspring

Hull, Elaine

462

Multiple Factors Affecting Cellular Redox Status and Energy Metabolism Modulate Hypoxia-Inducible Factor Prolyl Hydroxylase Activity In Vivo and In Vitro  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...use of these cells allowed us to monitor GHO hydroxylation status without using proteasome inhibitors...found that MitoQ could not help us to distinguish between these...factors affecting cellular redox status and energy metabolism modulate hypoxia-inducible...

Yi Pan; Kyle D. Mansfield; Cara C. Bertozzi; Viktoriya Rudenko; Denise A. Chan; Amato J. Giaccia; M. Celeste Simon

2006-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

463

Factors Affecting Route Selection and Survival of Steelhead Kelts at Snake River Dams in 2012 and 2013  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2012 and 2013, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory conducted a study that summarized the passage proportions and route-specific survival rates of steelhead kelts that passed through Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) dams. To accomplish this, a total of 811 steelhead kelts were tagged with Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS) transmitters. Acoustic receivers, both autonomous and cabled, were deployed throughout the FCRPS to monitor the downstream movements of tagged-kelts. Kelts were also tagged with Passive Integrated Transponder tags to monitor passage through juvenile bypass systems and detect returning fish. The current study evaluated data collected in 2012 and 2013 to identify individual, behavioral, environmental and dam operation variables that were related to passage and survival of steelhead kelts that passed through FCRPS dams. Bayesian model averaging of multivariable logistic regression models was used to identify the environmental, temporal, operational, individual, and behavioral variables that had the highest probability of influencing the route of passage and the route-specific survival probabilities for kelts that passed Lower Granite (LGR), Little Goose (LGS), and Lower Monumental (LMN) dams in 2012 and 2013. The posterior probabilities of the best models for predicting route of passage ranged from 0.106 for traditional spill at LMN to 0.720 for turbine passage at LGS. Generally, the behavior (depth and near-dam searching activity) of kelts in the forebay appeared to have the greatest influence on their route of passage. Shallower-migrating kelts had a higher probability of passing via the weir and deeper-migrating kelts had a higher probability of passing via the JBS and turbines than other routes. Kelts that displayed a higher level of near-dam searching activity had a higher probability of passing via the spillway weir and those that did less near-dam searching had a higher probability of passing via the JBS and turbines. The side of the river in which kelts approached the dam and dam operations also affected route of passage. Dam operations and the size and condition of kelts were found to have the greatest effect on route-specific survival probabilities for fish that passed via the spillway at LGS. That is, longer kelts and those in fair condition had a lower probability of survival for fish that passed via the spillway weir. The survival of spillway weir- and deep-spill passed kelts was positively correlated with the percent of the total discharge that passed through turbine unit 4. Too few kelts passed through the traditional spill, JBS, and turbine units to evaluate survival through these routes. The information gathered in this study describes Snake River steelhead kelt passage behavior, rates, and distributions through the FCRPS as well as provide information to biologists and engineers about the dam operations and abiotic conditions that are related to passage and survival of steelhead kelts.

Harnish, Ryan A.; Colotelo, Alison HA; Li, Xinya; Ham, Kenneth D.; Deng, Zhiqun

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

464

The nutritive content of the grazing sheep's diet as affected by season, botanical composition, and stage of maturity of range forage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE MJTRITIYE CONTENT OF THE GRAZING- SHEEP'S DIET AS AFFECTED BY SEASON, BOTANICAL COMPOSITION, AND STAGE OP MATURITY- OP RANGE FORAGE T HEMJRJ IY COTNFGA Z-TSPG C''D TBB,LUMV *J 5L J5Y7M *1V 3L15M15 i8Y CL22R55MM THE NUTRITIVE CONTENT... OF THE GRAZING SHEEP* S DIET AS AFFECTED BY SEASON, BOTANICAL COMPOSITION, AND STAGE OF MATURITY OF RANGE FORAGE IY COTNFGA ZT!PG jB'D T HEMJRJ A~82R55MV 5L 5EM ?,*V~*5M A3ELL7 L? 5EM T?,R3~75~,*7 *1V ?M3E*1R3*7 CL77M?M L? HM?*J R1 B*,5R*7 ?~7?R772M15 L? 5...

Cook, C. Wayne

1950-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Effect of zirconium addition on the impact toughness of the heat affected zone in a high strength low alloy pipeline steel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of zirconium additions on the impact toughness of the heat affected zone in a high strength low alloy pipeline steel was studied, and the corresponding toughening mechanism examined when the welding was conducted with large heat input. The welding of steels was simulated on a Gleeble 2000. Microstructural observations, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and diffraction analyses were conducted using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy, respectively. The impact toughness of the heat affected zone was improved by addition of zirconium into steel, especially when a large welding heat input was used. This improvement is attributable to MnS precipitation on the pre-formed ZrO{sub 2} as well as the formation of intragranular ferrite.

Guo, A.M. [School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China); Technology Center, Wuhan Iron and Steel (Group) Company, Wuhan 430080 (China); Department of Applied Physics, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430081 (China); Li, S.R. [School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China); Technology Center, Wuhan Iron and Steel (Group) Company, Wuhan 430080 (China); Guo, J. [School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China); Li, P.H.; Ding, Q.F. [Technology Center, Wuhan Iron and Steel (Group) Company, Wuhan 430080 (China); Wu, K.M. [Department of Applied Physics, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430081 (China)], E-mail: wukaiming@wust.edu.cn; He, X.L. [School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China)

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

466

Corrosion behavior in high heat input welded heat-affected zone of Ni-free high-nitrogen Fe–18Cr–10Mn–N austenitic stainless steel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The pitting corrosion and interphase corrosion behaviors in high heat input welded heat-affected zone (HAZ) of a metastable high-nitrogen Fe–18Cr–10Mn–N austenitic stainless steel were explored through electrochemical tests. The HAZs were simulated using Gleeble simulator with high heat input welding condition of 300 kJ/cm and the peak temperature of the HAZs was changed from 1200 °C to 1350 °C, aiming to examine the effect of ?-ferrite formation on corrosion behavior. The electrochemical test results show that both pitting corrosion resistance and interphase corrosion resistance were seriously deteriorated by ?-ferrite formation in the HAZ and their aspects were different with increasing ?-ferrite fraction. The pitting corrosion resistance was decreased by the formation of Cr-depleted zone along ?-ferrite/austenite (?) interphase resulting from ?-ferrite formation; however it didn't depend on ?-ferrite fraction. The interphase corrosion resistance depends on the total amount of Cr-depleted zone as well as ferrite area and thus continuously decreased with increasing ?-ferrite fraction. The different effects of ?-ferrite fraction on pitting corrosion and interphase corrosion were carefully discussed in terms of alloying elements partitioning in the HAZ based on thermodynamic consideration. - Highlights: • Corrosion behavior in the weld HAZ of high-nitrogen austenitic alloy was studied. • Cr{sub 2}N particle was not precipitated in high heat input welded HAZ of tested alloy. • Pitting corrosion and interphase corrosion show a different behavior. • Pitting corrosion resistance was affected by whether or not ?-ferrite forms. • Interphase corrosion resistance was affected by the total amount of ?-ferrite.

Moon, Joonoh, E-mail: mjo99@kims.re.kr; Ha, Heon-Young; Lee, Tae-Ho

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

467

Factors Affecting the Survival of Upstream Migrant Adult Salmonids in the Columbia River Basin : Recovery Issues for Threatened and Endangered Snake River Salmon : Technical Report 9 of 11.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is developing conservation planning documentation to support the National Marine Fisheries Service`s (NMFS) recovery plan for Columbia Basin salmonid stocks that are currently listed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). Information from the conservation planning documentation will be used as a partial scientific basis for identifying alternative conservation strategies and to make recommendations toward conserving, rebuilding, and ultimately removing these salmon stocks from the list of endangered species. This report describes the adult upstream survival study, a synthesis of biological analyses related to conditions affecting the survival of adult upstream migrant salmonids in the Columbia River system. The objective of the adult upstream survival study was to analyze existing data related to increasing the survival of adult migrant salmonids returning to the Snake River system. The fate and accountability of each stock during its upstream migration period and the uncertainties associated with measurements of escapement and survival were evaluated. Operational measures that affected the survival of adult salmon were evaluated including existing conditions, augmented flows from upstream storage release, and drawdown of mainstem reservoirs. The potential impacts and benefits of these measures to each ESA stock were, also described based on considerations of species behavior and run timing.

Dauble, Dennis D.; Mueller, Robert P.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Examining potential benefits of combining a chimney with a salinity gradient solar pond for production of power in salt affected areas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept of combining a salinity gradient solar pond with a chimney to produce power in salt affected areas is examined. Firstly the causes of salinity in salt affected areas of northern Victoria, Australia are discussed. Existing salinity mitigation schemes are introduced and the integration of solar ponds with those schemes is discussed. Later it is shown how a solar pond can be combined with a chimney incorporating an air turbine for the production of power. Following the introduction of this concept the preliminary design is presented for a demonstration power plant incorporating a solar pond of area 6 hectares and depth 3 m with a 200 m tall chimney of 10 m diameter. The performance, including output power and efficiency of the proposed plant operating in northern Victoria is analysed and the results are discussed. The paper also discusses the overall advantages of using a solar pond with a chimney for production of power including the use of the large thermal mass of a solar pond as a practical and efficient method of storing collected solar energy.

Aliakbar Akbarzadeh; Peter Johnson; Randeep Singh

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Cesarean Delivery: Factors Affecting Trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will use U.S. natality birth certificate database to examineexisting U.S. natality birth certificate datasets from 19942003 versions of the birth certificate were similar, some

Cheng, Yvonne

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Automotive bailout may affect research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Chevrolet Volt, which is supposed to be America's first mass-produced plug-in hybrid electric car? ...

Jeff Tollefson

2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

471

Factors affecting balanced scorecard usage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper aims to focus on antecedents of the individual-level determinants of the model as opposed to firm-level determinants and how this might contribute to greater understanding for the implementation of the balanced scorecard (BSC). The paper is based on an empirical study of the data collected using the Dunn and Bradstreet database through a survey questionnaire. The analysis of the data shows that the awareness of BSC capabilities is positively associated with the adoption of the BSC. This is the most important variable leading to the adoption of the BSC by the sample companies. The current research has tried to make use of and discussed the available research in this area and has provided an antecedent to and direction for the implementation of the BSC. Though more empirical research is needed to generalise the findings, the current research has identified some factors and future research that may be undertaken in that direction.

Majidul Islam; Yi-Feng Yang; Yu-Jia Hu; Cheng-Se Hsu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Quantum Tunneling Affects Engine Performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is demonstrated that the effect of quantum tunneling corrections for the reaction HO2 + HO2 = H2O2 + O2 can have a noticeable impact on the performance of a high-fidelity model of a compression-ignition (e.g., diesel) engine, and that an accurate prediction of ignition delay time for the engine model requires an accurate estimation of the tunneling correction for this reaction. ... In this Letter we have demonstrated that a detailed understanding of the chemical dynamics of elementary reactions, including quantum tunneling, is necessary for an accurate description of the performance of compression-ignition engine models, and that something as fundamental as quantum tunneling corrections could make a noticeable difference on such a complex model. ... combustion and emissions in diesel engines. ...

Sibendu Som; Wei Liu; Dingyu D. Y. Zhou; Gina M. Magnotti; Raghu Sivaramakrishnan; Douglas E. Longman; Rex T. Skodje; Michael J. Davis

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

473

Factors Affecting Choice and Judgment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... natural conditions, records being made of the behaviour of road users, both drivers and pedestrians, to determine how this behaviour could be improved. The findings must be of interest ... the existence of fast traffic on the major road. The same effects are observable on pedestrians; a policeman at a crossing has a significant effect on those (chiefly men, ...

R. G. HOPKINSON

1952-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

474

Factors Affecting PMU Installation Costs  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of conditions throughout the grid in real time. 1 These parameters represent the "heart-beat" and health of the power system. Voltage and current are parameters...

475

Factors affecting piston ring friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The piston ring pack friction is a major contributor to the internal combustion engine mechanical friction loss. The oil control ring decides the oil supply to the top two rings in addition to being the major friction ...

Liao, Kai, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Beyond Renewable Portfolio Standards: An Assessment of Regional Supply and Demand Conditions Affecting the Future of Renewable Energy in the West; Executive Summary  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, CO 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Beyond Renewable Portfolio Standards: An Assessment of Regional Supply and Demand Conditions Affecting the Future of Renewable Energy in the West Executive Summary David J. Hurlbut, Joyce McLaren, and Rachel Gelman National Renewable Energy Laboratory Prepared under Task No. AROE.2000 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC This report is available at no cost from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) at www.nrel.gov/publications. Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-57830 August 2013 Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308

477

Beyond Renewable Portfolio Standards: An Assessment of Regional Supply and Demand Conditions Affecting the Future of Renewable Energy in the West  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(This page intentionally left blank) (This page intentionally left blank) National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, CO 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Beyond Renewable Portfolio Standards: An Assessment of Regional Supply and Demand Conditions Affecting the Future of Renewable Energy in the West David J. Hurlbut, Joyce McLaren, and Rachel Gelman National Renewable Energy Laboratory Prepared under Task No. AROE.2000 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC This report is available at no cost from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) at www.nrel.gov/publications. Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-57830 August 2013 Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308

478

The Statistical and Numerical Study of the Longitudinally Asymmetric Distribution of Solar Proton Events Affecting the Earth Environment of 1996-2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Large solar proton events (SPEs) affect the solar-terrestrial space environment and become a very important aspect in space weather research. In this work, we statistically investigate 78 solar proton events of 1996-2011 and find that there exists a longitudinally asymmetric distribution of flare sources of the solar proton events observed near 1 AU, namely, with the same longitude separation between magnetic field line footpoint of observer and flare sources, the number of the solar proton events originating from sources located at eastern side of the nominal magnetic footpoint of observer is much larger than that of the solar proton events originating from sources located at western side. A complete model calculation of solar energetic particle (SEP) propagation in the three-dimensional Parker interplanetary magnetic field is presented to give a numerical explanation for this longitudinally asymmetric distribution phenomenon. We find that the longitudinally asymmetric distribution of solar proton events res...

He, Hongqing

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Sulfate formation in oil-fired power plant plumes. Volume 1. Parameters affecting primary sulfate emissions and a model for predicting emissions and plume opacity. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High sulfuric acid emissions with concomitant acid smuts and plume opacity concerns at oil fired utility boilers has been associated with combustion of high sulfur-, high vanadium-containing fuel. The purpose of this program was to elucidate the mechanisms responsible for the formation of flue gas H/sub 2/SO/sub 4/ and metal sulfates (MSO/sub 4/) and to determine the extent by which operating and controls parameters as well as the composition of the fuel affected those emissions. More than 200 flue gas measurements were made at a number of oil fired units and one coal fired unit, providing emissions levels of SO/sub 2/, H/sub 2/SO/sub 4/, MSO/sub 4/, total suspended particulate, and NO/sub x/. Parameters shown to significantly affect H/sub 2/SO/sub 4/ and MSO/sub 4/ emissions were furnace O/sub 2/ level, sulfur and vanadium content of the fuel, the amount of corrosion inhibitor added to the oil, power level, and the composition of the fly ash. Correlations were developed which related the H/sub 2/SO/sub 4/ and MSO/sub 4/ emissions at oil fired units with the parameters above; predictions of emissions appear to be accurate to within +-25%. Based on limited data from the literature, the correlations were extended to include a means for predicting plume opacity and in-stack opacity. Recommendations for controlling the levels of H/sub 2/SO/sub 4/ and MSO/sub 4/ emissions as well as maintaining utility units in compliance with opacity regulations were made. Future research needs were indicated, including more studies relating H/sub 2/SO/sub 4/ levels in flue gas with plume opacity and emissions studies at coal fired units. 85 references, 27 figures, 23 tables.

Dietz, R.N.; Wieser, R.F.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Colour and lipid oxidation changes in dry-cured loins from free-range reared and intensively reared pigs as affected by ionizing radiation dose level  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of irradiation (0, 5 and 10 kGy) of vacuum-packaged Iberian dry-cured loin slices from pigs fed on concentrate (CON) or free-range reared (FRG) was studied in relation to colour changes, TBA-RS and hexanal content. Both, ionizing radiation and type of loin had a significant effect on the instrumental colour parameters of the samples. Irradiation resulted in significantly higher a*-values in both sets of loins, indicating a redder colour. Numerically calculated total colour difference (?E) changes were significantly less intense in CON vacuum-packaged dry-cured loin slices than in FRG samples and changed significantly at 10 kGy dose levels in both types of samples. TBA-RS numbers were significantly affected by irradiation dose and type of loin and increased linearly with dose in both types of slices. Increments in TBA-RS numbers in FRG loin slices was dose-dependent and was closely related to the type of dry-cured loin. Irradiation of dry-cured loin slices significantly increased hexanal contents in both groups of loins and the increases were dose-dependent and greater in FRG samples than in CON samples. Differences in the characteristics of the raw material and initial lipid oxidation level could play an important role in the irradiation-induced changes in vacuum-packaged dry-cured loin slices.

A. Carrasco; R. Tárrega; M.R. Ramírez; F.J. Mingoarranz; R. Cava

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "affecting inefficient state-owned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Does an R&D tax credit affect R&D expenditure? The Japanese R&D tax credit reform in 2003  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract To what extent does a tax credit affect firms’ R&D activity? What are the mechanisms? This paper examines the effect of R&D tax credits on firms’ R&D expenditure by exploiting the variation across firms in the changes in the eligible tax credit rate between 2000 and 2003. Estimating the first-difference equation of the linear R&D model by panel GMM, we find the estimated coefficient of an interaction term between the eligible tax credit rate and the debt-to-asset ratio is positive and significant, indicating that the effect of tax credit is significantly larger for firms with relatively large outstanding debts. Conducting counterfactual experiments, we found that the aggregate R&D expenditure in 2003 would have been lower by 3.0–3.4 percent if there had been no tax credit reform in 2003, where 0.3–0.6 percent is attributable to the effect of financial constraint, and that the aggregate R&D expenditure would have been larger by 3.1–3.9 percent if there had been no cap on the amount of tax credits, where 0.3–0.8 percent is attributable to relaxing the financial constraint of firms with outstanding debts.

Hiroyuki Kasahara; Katsumi Shimotsu; Michio Suzuki

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Photovoltaic micro-grid in a remote village in India: Survey based identification of socio-economic and other characteristics affecting connectivity with micro-grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Load prediction is an essential component of the planning process of decentralized electricity supply systems based on micro-grids. However, accurate demand forecasting is a challenging task particularly for rural electrification projects. In this paper, actual operational data of a PV based micro-grid system in Sagar Island of India are analyzed in order to understand the role of different factors affecting households' connectivity, their electricity consumption and potential demands, thereby proposing an approach for planning (and designing) a micro-grid based decentralized electricity supply system. The analysis shows that potential demands for electricity within (as well as outside of) the current reach of the micro-grid are high and future expansion of the system would be effective by taking a 'phased approach’ of rural electrification. The analysis also shows that households with certain socio-economic characteristics have higher probability for connecting with the micro-grid and the relationship can be used to predict additional load requirements in case of grid extensions. Few recommendations for enhancing the connectivity further are also included in the discussion section of the paper.

Toru Kobayakawa; Tara C. Kandpal

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Analysis of the Chinese Market for Building Energy Efficiency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

China will account for about half of the new construction globally in the coming decade. Its floorspace doubled from 1996 to 2011, and Chinese rural buildings alone have as much floorspace as all of U.S. residential buildings. Building energy consumption has also grown, increasing by over 40% since 1990. To curb building energy demand, the Chinese government has launched a series of policies and programs. Combined, this growth in buildings and renovations, along with the policies to promote green buildings, are creating a large market for energy efficiency products and services. This report assesses the impact of China’s policies on building energy efficiency and on the market for energy efficiency in the future. The first chapter of this report introduces the trends in China, drawing on both historical analysis, and detailed modeling of the drivers behind changes in floorspace and building energy demand such as economic and population growth, urbanization, policy. The analysis describes the trends by region, building type and energy service. The second chapter discusses China’s policies to promote green buildings. China began developing building energy codes in the 1980s. Over time, the central government has increased the stringency of the code requirements and the extent of enforcement. The codes are mandatory in all new buildings and major renovations in China’s cities, and they have been a driving force behind the expansion of China’s markets for insulation, efficient windows, and other green building materials. China also has several other important policies to encourage efficient buildings, including the Three-Star Rating System (somewhat akin to LEED), financial incentives tied to efficiency, appliance standards, a phasing out of incandescent bulbs and promotion of efficient lighting, and several policies to encourage retrofits in existing buildings. In the third chapter, we take “deep dives” into the trends affecting key building components. This chapter examines insulation in walls and roofs; efficient windows and doors; heating, air conditioning and controls; and lighting. These markets have seen significant growth because of the strength of the construction sector but also the specific policies that require and promote efficient building components. At the same time, as requirements have become more stringent, there has been fierce competition, and quality has at time suffered, which in turn has created additional challenges. Next we examine existing buildings in chapter four. China has many Soviet-style, inefficient buildings built before stringent requirements for efficiency were more widely enforced. As a result, there are several specific market opportunities related to retrofits. These fall into two or three categories. First, China now has a code for retrofitting residential buildings in the north. Local governments have targets of the number of buildings they must retrofit each year, and they help finance the changes. The requirements focus on insulation, windows, and heat distribution. Second, the Chinese government recently decided to increase the scale of its retrofits of government and state-owned buildings. It hopes to achieve large scale changes through energy service contracts, which creates an opportunity for energy service companies. Third, there is also a small but growing trend to apply energy service contracts to large commercial and residential buildings. This report assesses the impacts of China’s policies on building energy efficiency. By examining the existing literature and interviewing stakeholders from the public, academic, and private sectors, the report seeks to offer an in-depth insights of the opportunities and barriers for major market segments related to building energy efficiency. The report also discusses trends in building energy use, policies promoting building energy efficiency, and energy performance contracting for public building retrofits.

Yu, Sha; Evans, Meredydd; Shi, Qing

2014-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

484

Origin of the anomalies in light and middle REE in sediments of an estuary affected by phosphogypsum wastes (south-western Spain)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sc, Y, Th, Cu and rare earth elements (REE) concentrations have been analyzed in 14 samples of surface sediments and in two gravity cores by means of ICP-MS. Mean concentrations of Sc, Y and Th in surface sediments are 6.23, 4.76 and 16.30 ppm, respectively, lower than those present in the Upper Continental Crust (UCC). Cu concentration in these sediments is very high, 1466 ppm, and is caused by inputs from the Odiel and Tinto rivers, affected by acid mine drainage. ?REE mean concentration is 106.8 ppm, lower than that observed in other rivers and estuaries. In the cores, Sc, Y and Th concentrations show a significant increase in the intermediate levels, between 10 and 40 cm depth. The same pattern exists with Cu, where concentrations of 4440 ppm can be reached. Vertical evolution patterns for Sc, Y, Cu and heavy REE (HREE) are similar, and contrary to those shown by Th, light REE (LREE) and middle REE (MREE). Plots of North American Shale Composite (NASC)-normalized REE data of surface sediments show a slight depletion in REE concentrations. Most samples present with middle REE enrichment relative to light REE and heavy REE. Conversely, samples of the intermediate levels of the cores show significant enrichment of REE relative to NASC and high values in the (La/Gd)NASC and (La/Yb)NASC ratios. These anomalies in the fractionation patterns caused by enrichments in LREE and MREE concentrations is related to the presence of high concentrations of Th. They were generated by effluents from fertilizer factories between 1968 and 1998 which used phosphorite as source material.

J. Borrego; N. López-González; B. Carro; O. Lozano-Soria

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Simulation of soil water dynamics and rice crop growth as affected by bunding and fertilizer application in inland valley systems of West Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rice production in rainfed inland systems is constrained by rainfall distribution and the heterogeneity of the topography that frequently lead to runoff causing erosion and loss of nutrients especially nitrogen. The use of water-saving and nutrient management technologies such as bunding and fertilizer application could help farmers maintain soil moisture and reduce nutrient losses thereby increase rice production. This study used the crop model EPIC (Environmental Policy Integrated Climate) to assess soil water dynamics and rice crop growth as affected by bunding and fertilizer application in inland valley systems of West Africa. The model was parameterized using observed soil water characteristics and crop parameters and run against observation data collected from 2007 to 2010 in a factorial trial combining bund and fertilizer rate. Simulation of soil water condition was satisfactory for unbunded conditions with coefficients of determination (R2) from comparison between simulated and observed soil water content between 0.64 and 0.68 depending on soil depth. Depth of ponded water during the growing period was adequately predicted in three out of four years. Simulated LAI development, total aboveground biomass and grain yield compared well with field observations in unbunded plots, the MRE (mean relative error) of simulated yield was 6–18%. In bund plots in 2009 and 2010, the grain yield was overestimated by the model when no fertilizer was applied (MRE = 45%). Although negative effect of elevated iron concentration in the rice plant reduces the model performance, it was used to indicate effective effect of iron on the growth of crop the presence of bund in very wet year. The general use of the model for rainfed rice production at a large scale requires identification of areas with iron toxicity risk.

Omonlola Nadine Worou; Thomas Gaiser; Kazuki Saito; Heiner Goldbach; Frank Ewert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Removal of organic compounds and trace metals from oil sands process-affected water using zero valent iron enhanced by petroleum coke  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The oil production generates large volumes of oil sands process-affected water (OSPW), referring to the water that has been in contact with oil sands or released from tailings deposits. There are concerns about the environmental impacts of the release of OSPW because of its toxicity. Zero valent iron alone (ZVI) and in combination with petroleum coke (CZVI) were investigated as environmentally friendly treatment processes for the removal of naphthenic acids (NAs), acid-extractable fraction (AEF), fluorophore organic compounds, and trace metals from OSPW. While the application of 25 g/L ZVI to OSPW resulted in 58.4% removal of \\{NAs\\} in the presence of oxygen, the addition of 25 g petroleum coke (PC) as an electron conductor enhanced the \\{NAs\\} removal up to 90.9%. The increase in ZVI concentration enhanced the removals of NAs, AEF, and fluorophore compounds from OSPW. It was suggested that the electrons generated from the oxidation of ZVI were transferred to oxygen, resulting in the production of hydroxyl radicals and oxidation of NAs. When OSPW was de-oxygenated, the \\{NAs\\} removal decreased to 17.5% and 65.4% during treatment with ZVI and CZVI, respectively. The removal of metals in ZVI samples was similar to that obtained during CZVI treatment. Although an increase in ZVI concentration did not enhance the removal of metals, their concentrations effectively decreased at all ZVI loadings. The Microtox® bioassay with Vibrio fischeri showed a decrease in the toxicity of ZVI- and CZVI-treated OSPW. The results obtained in this study showed that the application of ZVI in combination with PC is a promising technology for OSPW treatment.

Parastoo Pourrezaei; Alla Alpatova; Kambiz Khosravi; Przemys?aw Drzewicz; Yuan Chen; Pamela Chelme-Ayala; Mohamed Gamal El-Din

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Parameters affecting the stability of the digestate from a two-stage anaerobic process treating the organic fraction of municipal solid waste  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper focused on the factors affecting the respiration rate of the digestate taken from a continuous anaerobic two-stage process treating the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW). The process involved a hydrolytic reactor (HR) that produced a leachate fed to a submerged anaerobic membrane bioreactor (SAMBR). It was found that a volatile solids (VS) removal in the range 40-75% and an operating temperature in the HR between 21 and 35 {sup o}C resulted in digestates with similar respiration rates, with all digestates requiring 17 days of aeration before satisfying the British Standard Institution stability threshold of 16 mg CO{sub 2} g VS{sup -1} day{sup -1}. Sanitization of the digestate at 65 {sup o}C for 7 days allowed a mature digestate to be obtained. At 4 g VS L{sup -1} d{sup -1} and Solid Retention Times (SRT) greater than 70 days, all the digestates emitted CO{sub 2} at a rate lower than 25 mg CO{sub 2} g VS{sup -1} d{sup -1} after 3 days of aeration, while at SRT lower than 20 days all the digestates displayed a respiration rate greater than 25 mg CO{sub 2} g VS{sup -1} d{sup -1}. The compliance criteria for Class I digestate set by the European Commission (EC) and British Standard Institution (BSI) could not be met because of nickel and chromium contamination, which was probably due to attrition of the stainless steel stirrer in the HR.

Trzcinski, Antoine P., E-mail: a.trzcinski05@ic.ac.uk [Department of Chemical Engineering, Imperial College of Science and Technology and Medicine, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Stuckey, David C., E-mail: d.stuckey@ic.ac.uk [Department of Chemical Engineering, Imperial College of Science and Technology and Medicine, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

488

Incubation temperature affects hatching success, embryonic expenditure of energy and hatchling phenotypes of a prolonged egg-retaining snake, Deinagkistrodon acutus (Viperidae)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We used eggs of Deinagkistrodon acutus to study the effects of incubation temperature on hatching success, embryonic expenditure of energy and hatchling phenotypes. One egg from each of the 15 fertile clutches was dissected for determination of egg composition, and a total of 164 eggs were incubated at five constant temperatures. Embryonic mortality increased dramatically at 30 °C, and none of eggs incubated at 32 °C hatched. Within the range from 24 to 30 °C, temperature affected incubation length and most hatchling traits examined. The mean incubation length at 24, 26, 28 and 30 °C was 36.4, 28.7, 21.8 and 15.7 days, respectively. Embryos developing at higher temperatures (28 and 30 °C) consumed more energy but produced less developed (and hence smaller) hatchlings, which characteristically had larger residual yolks but smaller carcasses. A principal component analysis resolved two components (with eigenvalues ?1) from ten size (initial egg mass)-free hatchling variables, accounting for 79.3% of variation in the original data. The first component (43.8% variance explained) had high positive loading for size-free values of dry mass, lipid mass, energy contents and ash mass of hatchlings, and the second component (35.5% variance explained) had high positive loading for size-free values of SVL, carcass dry mass and fatbody dry mass. Hatchlings from different incubation temperatures did not differ in scores on the first axis of the principal component analysis, whereas hatchlings from higher incubation temperatures (28 and 30 °C) had significantly lower scores on the second axis than did those from lower incubation temperatures (24 and 26 °C). As the second axis mainly represents traits relating to the developmental condition at hatching, the analysis therefore provided further evidence that eggs incubated at higher temperatures produced less developed hatchlings. Taken together, our data show that the optimal temperatures for embryonic development are relatively low in D. acutus largely due to its use of relatively cool habitats.

Zhi-Hua Lin; Xiang Ji; Lai-Gao Luo; Xiao-Mei Ma

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Comparison of the morphology of alkali–silica gel formed in limestones in concrete affected by the so-called alkali–carbonate reaction (ACR) and alkali–silica reaction (ASR)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The morphology of alkali–silica gel formed in dolomitic limestone affected by the so-called alkali–carbonate reaction (ACR) is compared to that formed in a siliceous limestone affected by alkali–silica reaction (ASR). The particle of dolomitic limestone was extracted from the experimental sidewalk in Kingston, Ontario, Canada that was badly cracked due to ACR. The siliceous limestone particle was extracted from a core taken from a highway structure in Quebec, affected by ASR. Both cores exhibited marked reaction rims around limestone particles. The aggregate particles were polished and given a light gold coating in preparation for examination in a scanning electron microscope. The gel in the ACR aggregate formed stringers between the calcite crystals in the matrix of the rock, whereas gel in ASR concrete formed a thick layer on top of the calcite crystals, that are of the same size as in the ACR aggregate.

Grattan-Bellew, P.E., E-mail: p.grattan-bellew@sympatico.ca [Materials and Petrographic Research G-B Inc., 472 Edison Avenue, Ottawa, ON, Canada K2A 1T9 (Canada); Chan, Gordon [NRC Construction, Bldg., M20, 1200 Montreal Road, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0R6 (Canada)] [NRC Construction, Bldg., M20, 1200 Montreal Road, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0R6 (Canada)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

490

Magnetic fields at resonant conditions for the hydrogen ion affect neurite outgrowth in PC-12 cells: A test of the ion parametric resonance model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

PC-12 cells primed with nerve growth factor (NGF) were exposed to sinusoidal extremely-low-frequency (ELF) magnetic fields (MFs) selected to test the predictions of the ion parametric resonance (IPR) model under resonance conditions for a single ion (hydrogen). The authors examined the field effects on the neurite outgrowth (NO) induced by NGF using three different combinations of flux densities of the parallel components of the AC MF (B{sub ac}) and the static MF (B{sub dc}). The first test examined the NO response in cells exposed to 45 Hz at a B{sub dc} of 2.96 {micro}T with resonant conditions for H{sup +} according to the model. The B{sub ac} values ranged from 0.29 to 4.11 {micro}T root-mean-square (rms). In the second test, the MF effects at off-resonance conditions (i.e., no biologically significant ion at resonance) were examined using the frequency of 45 Hz with a B{sub dc} of 1.97 {micro}T and covering a B{sub ac} range between 0.79 and 2.05 {micro}T rms. In the third test, the Ac frequency was changed to 30 Hz with the subsequent change in B{sub dc} to 1.97 {micro}T to tune for H{sup +} as in the first test. The B{sub ac} values ranged from 0.79 to 2.05 {micro}T rms. After a 23 h incubation and exposure to the MF in the presence of NGF (5 ng/ml), the NO was analyzed using a stereoscopic microscope. The results showed that the NGF stimulation of neurite outgrowth (NSNO) was affected by MF combinations over most of the B{sub ac} exposure range generally consistent with the predictions of the IPR model. However, for a distinct range of B{sub ac} where the IPR model predicted maximal ionic influence, the observed pattern of NSNO contrasted sharply with those predictions. The symmetry of this response suggests that values of B{sub ac} within this distinct range may trigger alternate or additional cellular mechanisms that lead to an apparent lack of response to the MF stimulus.

Trillo, M.A.; Ubeda, A. [Hospital Ramon y Cajal, Madrid (Spain). Dept. Investigacion] [Hospital Ramon y Cajal, Madrid (Spain). Dept. Investigacion; Blanchard, J.P. [Bechtel Corp., San Francisco, CA (United States). Research and Development Dept.] [Bechtel Corp., San Francisco, CA (United States). Research and Development Dept.; House, D.E.; Blackman, C.F. [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)] [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Development of embrittlement prediction models for U.S. power reactors and the impact of the heat-affected zone to thermal annealing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The NRC Regulatory Guide 1.99 Revision 2 was based on 177 surveillance data points and the EPRI data base, where 76% of 177 data points and 60% of EPRI data base were from Westinghouse`s data. Therefore, other vendors` radiation environment may not be properly characterized by R.G. 1.99`s prediction. To minimize scatter from the influences of the irradiation temperature, neutron energy spectrum, displacement rate, and plant operation procedures on embrittlement models, improved embrittlement models based on group data that have similar radiation environments and reactor design and operation criteria are examined. A total of 653 shift data points from the current FR-EDB, including 397 Westinghouse data, 93 B and W data, 37 CE data, and 106 GE data, are used. A nonlinear least squares fitting FORTRAN program, incorporating a Monte Carlo procedure with 35% and 10% uncertainty assigned to the fluence and shift data, respectively, was written for this study. In order to have the same adjusted fluence value for the weld and plate material in the same capsule, the Monte Carlo least squares fitting procedure has the ability to adjust the fluence values while running the weld and plate formula simultaneously. Six chemical components, namely, copper, nickel, phosphorus, sulfur, manganese, and molybdenum, were considered in the development of the new embrittlement models. The overall percentage of reduction of the 2-sigma margins per delta RTNDT predicted by the new embrittlement models, compared to that of R.G. 1.99, for weld and base materials are 42% and 36%, respectively. Currently, the need for thermal annealing is seriously being considered for several A302B type RPVs. From the macroscopic view point, even if base and weld materials were verified from mechanical tests to be fully recovered, the linking heat affected zone (HAZ) material has not been properly characterized. Thus the final overall recovery will still be unknown. The great data scatter of the HAZ metals may be the result of the metallurgical heterogeneity that exists in the HAZ. The proposed data fitting procedure for the HAZ material is presented in the paper.

Wang, J.A.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

/ http://www.sciencemag.org/content/early/recent / 26 September 2013 / Page 1 / 10.1126/science.1241934 Codon usage is biased in natural genes and can strongly affect heterolo-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1241934 Codon usage is biased in natural genes and can strongly affect heterolo- gous expression (1). Many to represent a wide range of codon usages and secondary structure free energies across the translation usage because initia- tion is thought to be the rate-limiting step for translation (1), this region has

Church, George M.

493

Climate change and climate variability affect all regions of the world. U.S. vulnerability to the changes and variations are not only dependent on changes within the U.S. but also on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OVERVIEW Climate change and climate variability affect all regions of the world. U.S. vulnerability, it is important to assess emerging threats to national security due to climate change far into the future. Having with national security establish practical responses to climate change and extreme weather events

494

Infrastructure systems, such as buildings, schools, roads, bridges, water lines, sewage systems, communication systems, and power plants, are a fundamental part of daily life. Both rapid and gradual climate changes can affect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and gradual climate changes can affect these systems and have significant impacts on society. Extreme weather infrastructure sector make practical decisions in order to adapt to climate changes and variations systems, communication systems, and power plants, are a fundamental part of daily life. Both rapid

495

Texas’ Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: Procedures for Measuring Electricity Savings from the Adoption of the International Energy Conservation Code (IRC/IECC 2001) in New Residences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for non-attainment (pink) and affected (green) counties (Source: U.S. Census) Figure 4: 1999 Housing Units by County (Source: RECenter 2002). April 2002 Energy Systems Laboratory, Texas A&M University Haberl et al., p. 13 Figure 5: 1999 Residential....g., residential emissions), on-road mobile sources (e.g., all types of motor vehicles), and non-road mobile sources (e.g., aircraft, locomotives, etc.). An important part of this legislation is the evaluation of the State's energy efficiency programs, which...

Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

The deconvolution of afterflow affected data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-log straight line. This claim is substantiated by Tables I and 2 which indicate that the differences between the slope and rtj Cl 0 0 C tD 0 + 0 C 0 0 L 0 L 4 0 O O I I I ID 0 CI L 0 L. ID QP 0- CJI EP o Cl 0-I I I L C IA C CI 0 0 N... S C7) 0 I E ID cA Ql L CII LI- N QI QI I O Ch QI CI L O \\- QI QI IK l3l IJ I CI QI JJ C C 4 Q: III C D Ql ID QI II Vl D ill Q N tel CQ O E QI III QI L. CJI IJ N 23 lO fD j-I D fO Ol D '0 Cl D ) ? I ID...

Schellenbaum, Sue Ellen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

497

Factors affecting molybdenum metabolism in the chick  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

l i b r a r y r a m Co l l e g e of t e x a s libraym illCbroeg fatxsqCe$f fCrisatomf oe r4C b4ob. i qommCyriroae 3A yaeitq?Cqgiy qi?oCm m?3?????? ?? ??? g??????? m????? ?? ??? i??????????? ??? f????????? b?????? ?? r???? ?? ??????? l...?????????? ?? ??? y??????????? ??? ??? q????? ?? qabray al ?4otama?4x ??????A ???? f???? m?3????? s??????????A ??? e???????? libraym illCbroeg fatxsqCf?f fCrisatomf oe roC b4ob. i qommCyriroae ?3A yaeitq Cqgiy qixoCm i??????? ?? ?? ??A?? ??? ??????? 3A? ?4...

Davies, Ronald Edgar

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Factors affecting robust retail energy markets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper briefly defines an active retail market, details the factors that influence market activity and their relative importance, compares activity in various retail energy markets to date, and predicts future retail energy market activity. Three primary factors translate into high market activity: supplier margins, translated into potential savings for actively shopping customers; market size; and market barriers. The author surveys activity nationwide and predicts hot spots for the coming year.

Michelman, T.S.

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Factors affecting the lipase activity of milk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Storage and Handling Homogenization Separation Leucocyte Level Lipase Activity Acid Degree Value Isolation of Leucocytes RE SULT 8 24 24 25 26 26 27 27 28 Acid Degree Values and Lipase Activity of Milk Lipase Activity Associated..., respectively. ~A in : A rapid decrease in the lipase activity of fresh raw milk occurs during storage, even at refrigerated temperatures. Oxidation of the enzyme by dissolved oxygen, particularly in the presence of copper and other heavy metals...

Tallamy, Paul Thomas

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

500

GERMAN REFORMS AFFECT DRUG R&D  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Under the national health care system, insurers pay for consumers' prescription drugs and get a 6% rebate from manufacturers to help contain costs; the remainder ... ...

PATRICIA SHORT

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z