National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for affect marine life

  1. EOLSS ADAPTATIONS TO LIFE IN MARINE CAVES PAGE 1 ADAPTATIONS TO LIFE IN MARINE CAVES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iliffe, Thomas M.

    EOLSS ­ ADAPTATIONS TO LIFE IN MARINE CAVES PAGE 1 ADAPTATIONS TO LIFE IN MARINE CAVES Thomas M. Iliffe, Department of Marine Biology, Texas A&M University at Galveston, USA Renée E. Bishop, Department of caves will result in their extinction. 1. Introduction 1.1 Definition of anchialine and marine caves

  2. Probing the Medical Potential of Microbial Marine Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, Paul; Moore, Bradley

    2011-01-01

    functional adaptation in marine Actino- bacteria. The ISMEmetabolite biosyn- thesis in marine actinobacteria. Appl.Potential of Microbial Marine Life // Paul Jensen and

  3. Marines in gray: the birth, life and death of the Confederate States Marine Corps 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivdo, Michael E.

    2009-05-15

    . In that same year, Secretary of the Navy Isaac Toucey 24 supported Henderson by providing the Marines with their first organic artillery pieces, two 32-pound cannon and four modern Dahlgren guns, giving Henderson the ordnance needed to make his vision... come to life. Receipt of these guns allowed him to make artillery training a required element of the pre-deployment program for Marines assigned to duties afloat. As a result, some Marines soon found themselves assigned to gun crews aboard select...

  4. Measuring Coastal Boating Noise to Assess Potential Impacts on Marine Life

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matzner, Shari; Jones, Mark E.

    2011-07-01

    Article requested for submission in Sea Technology Magazine describing the Underwater Noise From Small Boats. An Overlooked Component of the Acoustic Environment in Coastal Areas. Underwater noise and its effects on marine life deserve attention as human activity in the marine environment increases. Noise can affect fish and marine mammals in ways that are physiological, as in auditory threshold shifts, and behavioral, as in changes in foraging habits. One anthropogenic source of underwater noise that has received little attention to date is recreational boating. Coastal areas and archipelago regions, which play a crucial role in the marine ecosystem, are often subject to high levels of boat traffic. In order to better understand the noise produced by a small powerboat, a test was conducted in Sequim Bay, Washington, using an instrumented research vessel and multiple acoustic sensors. The broadband noise and narrowband peak levels were observed from two different locations while the boat was operated under various conditions. The results, combined with background noise levels, sound propagation and local boat traffic patterns, can provide a picture of the total boating noise to which marine life may be subjected.

  5. Ontogeny of Defense : Does Life History Affect Predator Response Behavior in the Pygmy Octopus, Octopus Bocki?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Himes, Julie E.

    2006-01-01

    ONTOGENY OF DEFENSE: DOES LIFE HISTORY AFFECT PREDATORdoes seem to be a shift toward communication over the life history

  6. Measuring marine fish biodiversity: temporal changes in abundance, life history and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutchings, Jeffrey A.

    Measuring marine fish biodiversity: temporal changes in abundance, life history and demography, B3H 4J1 Canada Patterns in marine fish biodiversity can be assessed by quantifying temporal), sole (Solea solea) and pelagic sharks. Combining population data across regions and species, marine

  7. Identifying How Marine and Hydrokinetic Devices Affect Aquatic Environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cada, G. F.; Copping, Andrea E.; Roberts, Jesse

    2011-04-24

    Significant research is under way to determine the potential environmental effects of marine and hydrokinetic energy systems. This research, being guided and funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, is intended to address knowledge gaps and facilitate installation and operation of these systems.

  8. LIFE HISTORY PATTERNS IN MARINE FISHES AND THEIR CONSEQUENCES FOR FISHERIES MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LIFE HISTORY PATTERNS IN MARINE FISHES AND THEIR CONSEQUENCES FOR FISHERIES MANAGEMENT PETER B. ADAMS1 ABSTRACT Natural selection operates at the life history level to maximize the number ofsurviving offspring. Life history characteristics will vary in consistent patterns to meet this constraint. When

  9. Building Life Cycle Assessment: Marine Drive Residence at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and the results for Marine Drive Residence were compared with other residences studied on a per square foot basis that was not completely finished being developed (ie. build 51 of version 4). In addition, an energy model was prepared................................................................................................................ 10 3.1.6 Footings.................................

  10. Tidal front affects the size of prey used by a top marine predator, the short-tailed shearwater (Puffinus tenuirostris)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tidal front affects the size of prey used by a top marine predator, the short-tailed shearwater densities of small euphausiids were associated with a tidal front on the north side of Akutan Pass. At most sites elsewhere in the Bering Sea, away from tidal fronts, shearwaters selected larger (14.2­20.1 mm

  11. Elevated CO2 levels affect development, motility, and fertility and extend life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morimoto, Richard

    Elevated CO2 levels affect development, motility, and fertility and extend life span August 5, 2008) Hypercapnia (high CO2 levels) occurs in a number of lung diseases and it is associated the response to nonanesthetic CO2 levels and show that levels exceeding 9% induce aberrant motility

  12. The ecology, life history, and phylogeny of the marine thecate heterotrophic dinoflagellates Protoperidinium and Diplopsalidaceae (Dinophyceae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gribble, Kristin Elizabeth

    2006-01-01

    Marine thecate heterotrophic dinoflagellates likely play an important role in the consumption of primary productivity and in the trophic structure of the plankton, yet we know little about these species. This thesis expanded ...

  13. Scientists unravel secrets of marine life at the only atoll in South Atlantic: Rocas Atoll, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Floeter, Sergio Ricardo

    of a permanent research and monitoring station. Since then, the Marine Biological Reserve of Rocas Atoll have during low tide. The authors believe these environments provide shelter against direct wave action the Northeastern coast of Brazil is Rocas Atoll, the only atoll in the entire Southern Atlantic. Atolls

  14. OBIS-USA: A Data-Sharing Legacy of the Census of Marine Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sedberry, George R.; Fautin, Daphne G.; Feldman, Michael; Fornwal, Mark D.; Goldstein, Philip; Guralnick, Robert P.

    2011-06-01

    on biological collections in marine waters of the United States and other areas where US investigators have collected data and, in some instances, specimens. OBIS-USA delivers its data to OBIS international, which then delivers its data to the Global...

  15. Does Orthodontic Treatment in Adolescents Affect Quality of Life?: A Practice-Based Research Model 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feusier, John Roger

    2015-05-04

    To utilize Baylor’s established practice-based research network (PBRN) to evaluate Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) of orthodontic patients 11-14 years of age. 145 adolescent patients (86 female, 59 male) from ...

  16. Does dyselxia affect self-esteem, self-concept and satisfaction with life in university students? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham, Sarah L

    2009-07-03

    Objectives: Previous literature suggests that dyslexia affects self-esteem and self-concept in school children (Humphrey & Mullins, 2004). This study will extend the research into a sample of university students measuring ...

  17. Association with pathogenic bacteria affects life-history traits and population growth in Caenorhabditis elegans.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diaz, S. Anaid; Mooring, Eric Q.; Rens, Elisabeth G.; Restif, Olivier

    2015-03-23

    with respect to its association with pathogenic bacteria. In order to start filling the gap between the two areas, we conducted a series of experiments aiming at measuring life-history traits as well as population growth of C. elegans in response to three...

  18. Candidate genes affecting Drosophila life span identified by integrating microarray gene expression analysis and QTL mapping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mackay, Trudy F.C.

    University, Boston, MA 02111, United States b Department of Genetics and W.M. Keck Center for Behavioral Biology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-7614, United States Received 4 April 2006, short-lived animal models are essential to identifying the mechanisms and genes that affect the rate

  19. Marine Biology Is Marine Biology right for me?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    Marine Biology Is Marine Biology right for me? If you have an interest in learning about life in the sea then Marine Biology may be a good option for you. You will need good time management skills a marine biology degree are wide-ranging and provide a good basis for employment in almost any sector

  20. New ways to construct underwater environments are encouraging marine life and boosting fish stocks1 http://www.economist.com/news/technology-quarterly/21635319-new-ways-construct-underwater-environments-are-encouraging-marine-life-and2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    South Bohemia, University of

    http://www.economist.com/news/technology-quarterly/21635319-new to paints, enamels, plastics or rubber. Precious little9 sea life has attached itself to the 2m or so tyres

  1. A synthesis of marine predator migrations, distribution, species overlap, and use of Pacific Ocean Exclusive Economic Zones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Autumn-Lynn

    2012-01-01

    ungulate migration models applicable to marine predators?management responsibilities for wide-ranging marine predatorof the Census of Marine Life . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  2. Marine aerosols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saltzman, ES

    2009-01-01

    proper- ties found in the marine boundary layer over theand R. E. Larson (1994), Marine boundary layer measurementsand T. Hoffmann (2002), Marine aerosol formation from

  3. Marine Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaffino, Kyle

    2013-01-01

    this  door. ”   Marine  Biology   I  joined  the  military  RIVERSIDE   Marine  Biology   A Thesis submitted in partialBiology                                                                                                                        

  4. A white paper on relevant aspects of Population Dynamics, Marine Community Ecology, and Oceanography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and Oceanography of Marine Microbes for the Department of Energy Genomes to Life project: CARBON SEQUESTRATIONA white paper on relevant aspects of Population Dynamics, Marine Community Ecology ........................................................................................................7 Introductory Marine Community Ecology

  5. An Overview of Marine Biodiversity in United States Waters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fautin, Daphne G.; Dalton, Penelope; Incze, Lewis S.; Leong, Jo-Ann C.; Pautzke, Clarence; Rosenberg, Andrew; Sandifer, Paul A.; Sedberry, George R.; Tunnell, John W. Jr.; Abbott, Isabella; Brainard, Russell E.; Broduer, Melissa; Eldredge, Lucius G.; Feldman, Michael; Moretzsohn, Fabio; Vroom, Peter S.; Wainstein, Michelle; Wolf, Nicholas

    2010-08-02

    Marine biodiversity of the United States (U.S.) is extensively documented, but data assembled by the United States National Committee for the Census of Marine Life demonstrate that even the most complete taxonomic inventories are based on records...

  6. Dynamic energy budgets and bioaccumulation : a model for marine mammals and marine mammal populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klanjš?ek, Tin

    2006-01-01

    Energy intake of individuals affects growth of organisms and, therefore, populations. Persistent lipophilic toxicants acquired with the energy can bioaccumulate and harm individuals. Marine mammals are particularly vulnerable ...

  7. Iron and the ecology of marine microbes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ventouras, Laure-Anne

    2013-01-01

    Iron is a cofactor of a number biochemical reactions that are essential for life. In the marine environment, this micronutrient is a scarce resource that limits processes of global importance such as photosynthesis and ...

  8. Constrained marine resource management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray, Jason Hastings

    2007-01-01

    III Marine protected areas as a risk management tool A.Fishery Populations and Marine Ecosystmes,” Fisheries, 1999,11–25. Neubert, Michael G. , “Marine reserves and optimal

  9. ALASKA MARINE Alaska Marine Mammal Observer Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ALASKA MARINE MAMMAL PROGRAM 2012 #12;2012 Alaska Marine Mammal Observer Program Observer Manual Contents Section 1: The Alaska Marine Mammal Observer Program 1.0 Introduction 1.1 Marine Mammal Stock Program 1.5 Alaska Marine Mammal Observer Program Section 2: The Southeast Alaska Environment 2

  10. Marine Strategy 20142019 1 Marine Strategy 20142019

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenslade, Diana

    Marine Strategy 2014­2019 1 Marine Strategy 2014­2019 Providing Australians with marine environmental intelligence for their safety, sustainability, well-being and prosperity. #12;2 Marine Strategy 2014­2019 #12;Marine Strategy 2014­2019 3 Foreword I am pleased to present the Bureau of Meteorology

  11. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rolán-Alvarez, Emilio

    MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser Vol. 357: 175­184, 2008 doi: 10.3354/meps07278 will affect only some regions of the genome. An additional difficulty in the marine environment variation in the marine environment remains insufficiently understood (Avise 2004). Natural populations

  12. Marine Conservation Resource overexploitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marine Conservation · Overview · Resource overexploitation % Impacts on target spp % Impacts on non'target spp, % Impacts on community/ecosystem % Marine protected areas Friday: · Global climate change · Invasive species · Solutions · Study Guide: Monday !" April · Discussion: Wednesday# !$ April % Marine

  13. How loads affect coiled tubing life

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, E.J. Inc., AK )

    1992-01-01

    Fatigue testing was performed on 1-3/4-in OD, 0.125 in. wall thickness (WT) coiled tubing using a standard coiled tubing unit (CTU) as shown in this paper. Testing was conducted under Prudhoe Bay, Alaska oil well, conditions to determine the effects of axial load, internal pressure and bending stress on the longevity, or usable running footage, that can be expected with larger diameter tubing. The CTU was rigged up in a standard configuration with injector head 50 ft off the ground, the worst case for bending on most currently available North Slope units. Internal pressure was supplied by a small triplex pump and the end of tubing was closed off with a fishing neck and bull plug. Weight, for the first four tests, was suspended from the coiled tubing by a special clamp. The tubing was cycled up and over the guide arch until a loss of internal coiled tubing pressure (CTP) occurred, or until the tubing became stuck in the stripper brass.

  14. AOML Keynotes July-August 2004 Students Discover Microscopic World of Marine Bacteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodwin, Kelly D.

    AOML Keynotes July-August 2004 Students Discover Microscopic World of Marine Bacteria AOML microbiologist Kelly Goodwin helped teach young girls about the invisible world of marine bacteria at a recent support the growth of marine bacteria, microscopic life forms living in the ocean. They were taught how

  15. Modeling Marine Phage Ecology Joseph M. Mahaffy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahaffy, Joseph M.

    of carbon) · Important players in global carbon cycling · Bacteria concentration 104 - 106 /ml · Phage concentration 105 - 107 /ml · Bacterial half-life is approximately 24 hours · About 50% of marine bacteria library (Linker-amplified shotgun libraries) · Sequence lengths average 650 bp (used 663) · Contig

  16. Marine Mammals Enact Individual Worlds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delfour, Fabienne

    2010-01-01

    148, Delfour, F. (2006b). Marine mammals in front of thefor the Society for Marine Mammalogy, Quebec City, Canada,image processing in three marine mammal species: Killer

  17. MarineSIM: Robot simulation for marine environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Senarathne, P. G. C. Namal

    Development of robust navigation algorithms for marine robotics is a challenge faced by many marine robotists. This paper presents MarineSIM, a marine robot simulation platform which provides an infrastructure to easily ...

  18. Temperature-induced marine export production during glacial period

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chikamoto, Megumi O.

    Temperature-induced marine export production during glacial period M. O. Chikamoto,1,2 A. Abe October 2012; published 8 November 2012. [1] Proxy records indicate that export production was enhanced at the onset of the last glaciation. We examine how glacial cooling affects marine export production through

  19. Ice Nuclei in Marine Air: Biogenic Particles or Dust?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burrows, Susannah M.; Hoose, C.; Poschl, U.; Lawrence, M.

    2013-01-11

    Ice nuclei impact clouds, but their sources and distribution in the atmosphere are still not well known. Particularly little attention has been paid to IN sources in marine environments, although evidence from field studies suggests that IN populations in remote marine regions may be dominated by primary biogenic particles associated with sea spray. In this exploratory model study, we aim to bring attention to this long-neglected topic and identify promising target regions for future field campaigns. We assess the likely global distribution of marine biogenic ice nuclei using a combination of historical observations, satellite data and model output. By comparing simulated marine biogenic immersion IN distributions and dust immersion IN distributions, we predict strong regional differences in the importance of marine biogenic IN relative to dust IN. Our analysis suggests that marine biogenic IN are most likely to play a dominant role in determining IN concentrations in near-surface-air over the Southern Ocean, so future field campaigns aimed at investigating marine biogenic IN should target that region. Climate related changes in the abundance and emission of biogenic marine IN could affect marine cloud properties, thereby introducing previously unconsidered feedbacks that influence the hydrological cycle and the Earth’s energy balance. Furthermore, marine biogenic IN may be an important aspect to consider in proposals for marine cloud brightening by artificial sea spray production.

  20. NTINSTITUTEFOR MARINE AND ATM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ~UH-NOAA~ JOI NTINSTITUTEFOR MARINE AND ATM O SPHERICRESEAR CH ACooperativeInstitute forthePacificIslandsRegion JIMAR ~UH-NOAA~ JOI NTINSTITUTEFOR MARINE AND ATM O SPHERICRESEAR CH A Proposal to the National Oceanic

  1. Marine Science Scholarships

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    Marine Science Scholarships Complete Scholarship Name Application Deadline Date Contact Name Contact Phone Number Contact E-mail Address Marine Science Endowed Student Support Fund Both incoming and current marine science majors are eligible to apply for these merit-based scholarships. Awards consist

  2. NTINSTITUTEFOR MARINE AND ATM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ~UH-NOAA~ JOI NTINSTITUTEFOR MARINE AND ATM O SPHERICRESEAR CH Annual Report for Fiscal Year 2010 Joint Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research University of Hawai'i at Manoa 1000 Pope Road, MSB For Cooperative Agreements NA17RJ1230, NA09OAR4320075, and NA08OAR4320910 ~UH-NOAA~ JOI NTINSTITUTEFOR MARINE

  3. Marine invertebrate-microbial bioactive metabolite symbioses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharp, Koty

    2006-01-01

    a mitochondrial marker. Marine Biology (Berlin) 141(2): 377-Faulkner, D. J. (2002). Marine Natural Products. Nat. Prod.Microbial Diversity of Marine Sponges. Marine Molecular

  4. Life With Energy

    K-12 Energy Lesson Plans and Activities Web site (EERE)

    Students will describe ways in which technology affects the environment, both negatively and positively, and identify different forms of energy and their advantages/disadvantages. They will also determine the benefits as well as the environmental harms of using energy to improve our quality of life.

  5. Minor in Marine Biology Minor in Marine Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    Minor in Marine Biology Minor in Marine Biology General Goals of the Minor in Marine Biology About who choose the Minor in Marine Biology will learn about the biology, evolution and ecology of organisms that inhabit these environments and the ecological processes linking them. Marine biology draws

  6. Marine & Hydrokinetic Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2011-07-01

    This fact sheet describes the Wind and Water Power Program's current approach to supporting the development and deployment of marine and hydrokinetic technologies.

  7. Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering within naval architecture and marine engineering and marine engineering problems; an ability to apply basic knowledge in fluid mechanics, dynamicsNaval Architecture and Marine Engineering Undergraduate Program The University of Michigan #12

  8. Probabilistic Methods for Enhanced Marine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    Probabilistic Methods for Enhanced Marine Situational Awareness ¡ Charles Bibby Worcester College equipment in the marine environment. My dad's craftsmanship and practical abilities have proved invaluable present a system that uses probabilistic methods for enhanced situational aware- ness in marine

  9. Marine Ecological Processes Online section

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Jeffrey E.

    Marine Ecological Processes Online section FAS 6272 (3 credits) Fall 2014 Course Description, behavior, population dynamics, and community structure in marine and estuarine ecosystems. Prerequisite will have: · Examined how ecological processes operate in the marine environment · Compared how ecological

  10. Metal concentrations and mobility in marine sediment and groundwater in coastal reclamation areas: A case study in Shenzhen, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiao, Jiu Jimmy

    Metal concentrations and mobility in marine sediment and groundwater in coastal reclamation areas 2007; accepted 8 April 2007 Metals in coastal groundwater and marine sediment are affected by land reclamation. Abstract The concentrations of metals in the buried marine sediment and groundwater were

  11. NATURAL MARINE HYDROCARBON SEEPAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luyendyk, Bruce

    oil and gas (Fischer, 1977).The offshore gaseous seepage is controlled Geology; November 1999; v. 27; no. 11; p. 1047­1050; 4 figures. 1047 Decrease in natural marine hydrocarbon seepage near Coal OilNATURAL MARINE HYDROCARBON SEEPAGE Hydrocarbon seepage from the world's conti- nental shelves

  12. Marine Policy Challenges in developing China's marine protected area system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    Marine Policy Challenges in developing China's marine protected area system Wanfei Qiu a,* , Bin Department of Marine Environment Protection, State Oceanic Administration, No. 1 Fuxingmenwai Avenue, Beijing increases in the coverage of marine protected areas (MPAs) in China, and a total of 158 MPAs have been

  13. Life sciences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Day, L. (ed.)

    1991-04-01

    This document is the 1989--1990 Annual Report for the Life Sciences Divisions of the University of California/Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. Specific progress reports are included for the Cell and Molecular Biology Division, the Research Medicine and Radiation Biophysics Division (including the Advanced Light Source Life Sciences Center), and the Chemical Biodynamics Division. 450 refs., 46 figs. (MHB)

  14. Coiled tubing working life prediction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, J.

    1995-12-31

    Failure of coiled tubing, due to the repeated bending and plastic deformation of coiled tubing on and off the reel and gooseneck, is of great concern in coiled tubing operations. This paper discusses the coiled tubing working life based on one of the coiled tubing life models published in the literature, and compares the results with other models. Certain agreements are found among these models. A group of curves is presented to illustrate the coiled tubing working life affected by coiled tubing size and wall thickness, internal pressure, yield strength, reel diameter, gooseneck radius, operation condition (corrosion) and butt-welded connection (stress concentration). The results show that coiled tubing life can be greatly increased by increasing CT wall thickness and CT strength, while the coiled tubing working life decreases under high internal pressure, corrosion, and butt-weld conditions. These curves can be easily used in estimating coiled tubing life for the field use.

  15. University of California, San Diego Marine Physical Laboratory, 0902

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Marine Life Research Group, Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Total dissolved inorganic carbon The various procedures used for these analyses are detailed overleaf. Salinity 33.705 Total dissolved inorganic carbon 2004.08 ± 1.01 µmol·kg­1 (17) Total alkalinity not certified, but expected to be stable

  16. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koehl, Mimi

    .int-res.com*Email: cnidaria@berkeley.edu mFEATURE ARTICLE Individual-based model of larval transport to coral reefs, University of California, 3060 Valley Life Sciences Building, Berkeley, California 94720-3140, USA 2, Palo Alto, California 94305-4020, USA 3 Kewalo Marine Laboratory, University of Hawaii, 41 Ahui Street

  17. Oregon State University Hatfield Marine Science Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    ....................................................... 3 Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center..........4 Oregon Sea GrantOregon State University Hatfield Marine Science Center 2009 - 2010 Annual Report 2030 SE Marine.....................................2 Coastal Oregon Marine Experiment Station...........................2 Cooperative Institute

  18. Oregon State University Hatfield Marine Science Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    ....................................................... 4 Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center..........5 Oregon Sea GrantOregon State University Hatfield Marine Science Center 2011 - 2012 Annual Report 2030 SE Marine.................................... 2 Coastal Oregon Marine Experiment Station...........................2 Cooperative Institute

  19. Oregon State University Hatfield Marine Science Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    ....................................................... 4 Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center..........5 Oregon Sea GrantOregon State University Hatfield Marine Science Center 2008 - 2009 Annual Report 2030 SE Marine.....................................2 Coastal Oregon Marine Experiment Station...........................2 Cooperative Institute

  20. Paci c Marine Environmental Laboratory Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paci c Marine Environmental Laboratory #12;#12;Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL Laboratory #12;Contents Overview of PMEL's Strategy 1 Laboratory Structure 5 PMEL Themes 7 Climate Research 8 Contents iv #12;The Pacific Marine environMenTal laboraTory (PMEL) is one of seven federal research

  1. 2015 Marine Energy Technology Symposium

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The 3rd Annual Marine Energy Technology Symposium (METS) will be held as part of the inaugural International Marine Energy Conference. This conference takes place April 27-29, 2015, at the Capital...

  2. A Recognized Leader in Marine & Atmospheric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    D/Masters Applied Marine Physics Marine & Atmospheric Chemistry Marine Affairs & Policy (Masters Only) MarineA Recognized Leader in Marine & Atmospheric Studies Our graduate program has over 250 students University of MiaMi rosenstiel school of Marine & atMospheric science #12;Miami Ranks #5: fDi Magazine's Top

  3. Undergraduate Marine Science Program Student Advising Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    Undergraduate Marine Science Program Student Advising Guide 2012-2013 #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction 2. Degree Programs and Sample Curricula MARINE AFFAIRS ­ B.A.M.A MARINE SCIENCE / BIOLOGY ­ B.S.M.A.S. MARINE SCIENCE / CHEMISTRY ­ B.S.M.A.S. MARINE SCIENCE / GEOLOGY ­ B.S.M.A.S. MARINE SCIENCE / PHYSICS

  4. Marine Ecomechanics Mark W. Denny1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denny, Mark

    Marine Ecomechanics Mark W. Denny1 and Brian Gaylord2 1 Hopkins Marine Station, Stanford University, Pacific Grove, California 93950; email: mwdenny@stanford.edu 2 Bodega Marine Laboratory and Department The Annual Review of Marine Science is online at marine.annualreviews.org This article's doi: 10.1146/annurev-marine

  5. Undergraduate Marine Science Program Student Advising Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    Undergraduate Marine Science Program Student Advising Guide 2013-2014 #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction 2. Degree Programs and Sample Curricula MARINE AFFAIRS ­ BAMA MARINE SCIENCE / BIOLOGY ­ BSMAS MARINE SCIENCE / CHEMISTRY ­ BSMAS MARINE SCIENCE / GEOLOGICAL SCIENCES ­ BSMAS MARINE SCIENCE / PHYSICS

  6. Marine Ecological Processes Online section

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Jeffrey E.

    Marine Ecological Processes Online section FAS 4270 (3 credits) Fall 2012 Course Description The course covers the ecology of marine organisms and habitats with focus on how general ecological principles and those unique to the marine environment drive patterns and processes. Prerequisite: Two

  7. Effects of Tidal Turbine Noise on Fish Hearing and Tissues - Draft Final Report - Environmental Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Halvorsen, Michele B.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Copping, Andrea E.

    2011-09-30

    Snohomish Public Utility District No.1 plans to deploy two 6 meter OpenHydro tidal turbines in Admiralty Inlet in Puget Sound, under a FERC pilot permitting process. Regulators and stakeholders have raised questions about the potential effect of noise from the turbines on marine life. Noise in the aquatic environment is known to be a stressor to many types of aquatic life, including marine mammals, fish and birds. Marine mammals and birds are exceptionally difficult to work with for technical and regulatory reasons. Fish have been used as surrogates for other aquatic organisms as they have similar auditory structures. This project was funded under the FY09 Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) to Snohomish PUD, in partnership with the University of Washington - Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center, the Sea Mammal Research Unit, and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The results of this study will inform the larger research project outcomes. Proposed tidal turbine deployments in coastal waters are likely to propagate noise into nearby waters, potentially causing stress to native organisms. For this set of experiments, juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) were used as the experimental model. Plans exist for prototype tidal turbines to be deployed into their habitat. Noise is known to affect fish in many ways, such as causing a threshold shift in auditory sensitivity or tissue damage. The characteristics of noise, its spectra and level, are important factors that influence the potential for the noise to injure fish. For example, the frequency range of the tidal turbine noise includes the audiogram (frequency range of hearing) of most fish. This study was performed during FY 2011 to determine if noise generated by a 6-m diameter OpenHydro turbine might affect juvenile Chinook salmon hearing or cause barotrauma. Naturally spawning stocks of Chinook salmon that utilize Puget Sound are listed as threatened (http://www.nwr.noaa.gov/ESA-Salmon-Listings/Salmon-Populations/Chinook/CKPUG.cfm); the fish used in this experiment were hatchery raised and their populations are not in danger of depletion. After they were exposed to simulated tidal turbine noise, the hearing of juvenile Chinook salmon was measured and necropsies performed to check for tissue damage. Experimental groups were (1) noise exposed, (2) control (the same handling as treatment fish but without exposure to tidal turbine noise), and (3) baseline (never handled). Experimental results indicate that non-lethal, low levels of tissue damage may have occurred but that there were no effects of noise exposure on the auditory systems of the test fish.

  8. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hays, Graeme

    on the journeys of birds and of ocean currents on the movement of marine animals, especially as regards larval entire ocean basins by currents (Musick & Limpus 1997), but adult turtles could also be affected: pluschi@biologia.unipi.it Influence of ocean currents on long-distance movement of leatherback sea turtles

  9. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawlik, Joseph

    MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser Vol. 465: 111­117, 2012 doi: 10.3354/meps09904. laevis neither affected the frequency of colonization of Montastraea annularis by boring sponges, nor individuals on request. #12;Mar Ecol Prog Ser 465: 111­117, 2012 tem are altered. These context

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biogeography of Marine Algae David J Garbary, St Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, Nova Scotia and vicariance in establishing distributions and as factors associated with speciation. Since eukaryotic algae. There are many species that are virtually cosmopolitan (e.g. the green alga Enteromorpha intestinalis, the red

  11. Marine Biology International Journal on Life in Oceans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    . Murphy, Michael G. Frick, Annette C. Broderick, John W. Coker, Michael S. Coyne, Mark G. Dodd, et al. #12 · Michael G. Frick · Annette C. Broderick · John W. Coker · Michael S. Coyne · Mark G. Dodd · Matthew H) on the East Coast of the United States of America (30°480 N, 81°280 W to 33°510 N, 77°590 W). The majority

  12. Lenfest Ocean Program: Protecting Ocean Life Through Marine Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Todd C.

    shows that human consumption of seafood in Peru-- including anchovies and all other fish species--generates more than twice the domestic revenue and three times the jobs as the production of fishmeal and fish oil. Fishing in Peru is often associated with industrial-scale catch of anchovies. This fishery lands

  13. California Marine Life Protection Act | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank, Maine:Kansas: EnergyCalendarCalhounWebpage |Open EnergyCalifornia

  14. Ecosystem engineering by beavers affects mayfly life MATTHEW R. FULLER*, ,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntosh, Angus

    colder downstream of high-head dams and warmer downstream of low-head dams. Pond morphology was also), with larger females emerging downstream of high- head dams and smaller females downstream of low-head dams

  15. Life-Like Characters. Tools, Affective Functions, and Applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kawamoto, Shin ichi; Shimodaira, Hiroshi; Nitta, Tsuneo; Nishimoto, Takuya; Nakamura, Satoshi; Itou, Katsunobu; Morishima, Shigeo; Yotsukura, Tatsuo; Kai, Atsuhiko; Lee, Akinobu; Yamashita, Yoichi; Kobayashi, Takao; Tokuda, Keiichi; Hirose, Keikichi; Minematsu, Nobuaki; Yamada, Atsushi; Den, Yasuharu; Utsuro, Takehito; Sagayama, Shigeki

    2003-01-01

    Galatea is a software toolkit to develop a human-like spoken dialog agent. In order to easily integrate the modules of different characteristics including speech recognizer, speech synthesizer, facial animation synthesizer[ ...

  16. Marine Bio-Technologies Center of Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marine Bio-Technologies Center of Innovation Supporting the Blue Economy #12;A Nexus for Marine Biotechnology www.MBCOI.net Marine Category Market Share Market Category Biotechnology 8% Biotechnology compounds Marine Biotechnologies Global Market ~$172 Billion1 1Source: BioMarine Business Convention 2013

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    information on how weather and climate trends affect ecosystems, local communities, regulatory requirements of weather and climate on marine and coastal ecosystems. This type of information can help decision makersOverview Marine and coastal ecosystems include estuaries and coastal waters and lands. Within

  18. Marin County- Solar Access Code

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Marin County's Energy Conservation Code is designed to assure new subdivisions provide for future passive or natural heating or cooling opportunities in the subdivision to the extent feasible. ...

  19. International Marine Renewable Energy Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The International Marine Renewable Energy Conference (IMREC) offers researchers, technology developers, policy makers, NGOs, and industry representatives the opportunity to discuss financing...

  20. Key Parameters Affecting DPF Performance Degradation and Impact on Lifetime Fuel Economy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Summarizes latest findings on impact of specific parameters affecting ash-related diesel particulate filter performance degradation and information useful to enhance performance and extend service life

  1. SEYMOUR CENTER at Long Marine Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    SEYMOUR CENTER at Long Marine Laboratory Facility Rental Policies and Procedures These policies apply to all events held at the Seymour Marine Discovery Center. Rental Fees The Seymour Marine Discovery Center

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on marine sanctuaries · Mi@gate noise impacts from oil explora@on and renewable energy distances with lidle energy loss §Higher marine organismsMarine Ecosystems Acous&cs Program Bob Dziak Program PIs: Joseph

  3. Marine Mammal Internships & Research Opportunities in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Marine Mammal Internships & Research Opportunities in the Aegean Sea We are excited to announce internship opportunities in marine mammal research. Students, recent graduates and scientists can join Archipelagos' research and conservation efforts in Eastern Aegean. Archipelagos Institute of Marine

  4. MARINE PROTECTED AREAS Fisheries Science and Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limburg, Karin E.

    1 MARINE PROTECTED AREAS Fisheries Science and Management Rita OLIVEIRA MONTEIRO Cover photo of a mpa (coast and underwater) MARINE PROTECTED AREAS OBJECTIVES FOR TODAY: · definitions · historical · habitat degradation · invasive species · harmful algal blooms · marine epidemics · mass mortalities

  5. Marine reserve effects on fishery profit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Crow; Kendall, Bruce E.; Gaines, Steven; Siegel, David A.; Costello, Christopher

    2008-01-01

    the problem of sitting marine reserves. Bull. Mar. Sci. ,2005). Science and society: marine reserve design for theD.A. & Carr, M.H. (2005). Marine reserves exploit population

  6. Geo-Marine Letters An International Journal of Marine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazzini, Adriano

    of Geo-Marine Letters, pre- senting contributions from the 10th International Conference on Gas in Marine Sediments (September 2010, Lake Baikal, Russia), to the memory of Mikhail Konstantinovich Ivanov. The author professor and simply a great man. He built such a fantastic program (TTR) when Russia was facing so many

  7. Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology (MHK) Instrumentation, Measurement...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Computer Modeling Workshop The workshop brought together over 60 experts in marine energy technologies to disseminate technical information to the marine energy...

  8. Sound Affects: The Role of Music in Affecting Quality of Life 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harmon, Justin

    2015-04-24

    Music is a topic that is not often covered in leisure studies even though it frequently accompanies many of the activities we participate in. Music is central to human development, communication and meaning-making, and as will be displayed...

  9. Hypocholesterolemic Effects of Marine Oils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hypocholesterolemic Effects of Marine Oils UNITED STATES DEPART MENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH FISHERIES, H. E. Crowther, Director Hypocholesterolemic Effects of Marine Oils By JAMES J. PEIFER Excerpt from Chapter 23 of the book, "Fish Oils,·· M. E. Stansby, editor Avi Publishing Company, Westport

  10. Marine Fisheries On the cover

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marine Fisheries ~@WD@W On the cover: The red snapper, Lutjanus campechanus (NMFS photograph). Articles 56(2), 1994 Sea Turtle Observations at Explosive Removals of Energy Structures Gregg R. Gitschlag AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION D. James Baker, Under Secretary for Oceans and Atmosphere National Marine

  11. Protecting Life on Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Byron P.

    2011-01-01

    Review: Protecting Life on Earth: An Introduction to thePeter B. Protecting Life on Earth: An Introduction to theof Protecting Life on Earth is “to explain to an intelligent

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Özdamar, Esen Gökçe

    2014-01-01

    Still-Life Architecture By Esen Gökçe Özdamar Edited by Lanaturned into “still-life architecture. ” Many of the homes3. Author photo. Still-Life Architecture Figure 4. Tepekent

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, Frank

    , bacteria in marine invertebrate-methanotroph symbioses use meth- ane (CH4) as an energy, electronCHAPTER 2.5 Marine Chemosynthetic Symbioses Marine Chemosynthetic Symbioses COLLEEN M. CAVANAUGH, ZOE P. MCKINESS, IRENE L.G. NEWTON AND FRANK J. STEWART Introduction Bacteria and marine eukaryotes

  14. Undergraduate Marine Science Program Student Advising Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    Undergraduate Marine Science Program Student Advising Guide 2014-2015 #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction 2. Degree Programs and Sample Curricula MARINE AFFAIRS ­ BAMA MARINE SCIENCE ­ BSMAS 3. Course Organizations 8. Teaching Faculty #12;1 INTRODUCTION Marine Science has been part of the academic curriculum

  15. Marine Studies Building Fund Coastal Community Challenge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marine Studies Building Fund Coastal Community Challenge Our Future Is Bright! Marine science synergy in marine science and education among diverse partners ·A long-standing, collaborative, can-do spirit that grows with each success Oregon State University - with Hatfield Marine Science Center as its

  16. SCHOOL OF MARINE SCIENCES Program of Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Andrew

    SCHOOL OF MARINE SCIENCES Program of Study Research Facilities Applying Correspondence The University of Maine's School of Marine Sciences (SMS) is one of the nation's largest marine research to scientific policy for marine resource and coastal zone management. More than 50 faculty are affiliated

  17. Undergraduate Marine Science Program Student Advising Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    Undergraduate Marine Science Program Student Advising Guide 2015-2016 #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction 2. Degree Programs and Sample Curricula MARINE AFFAIRS ­ BAMA MARINE SCIENCE ­ BSMAS 3. Course;INTRODUCTION Marine Science has been part of the academic curriculum at the University of Miami since 1949

  18. Marine Viruses: Truth or Dare Mya Breitbart

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saleska, Scott

    Marine Viruses: Truth or Dare Mya Breitbart College of Marine Science, University of South Florida, Saint Petersburg, Florida 33701; email: mya@marine.usf.edu Annu. Rev. Mar. Sci. 2012. 4:425­48 First published online as a Review in Advance on August 29, 2011 The Annual Review of Marine Science is online

  19. Seymour Marine Discovery Center at Long Marine Lab 100 Shaffer Road * Santa Cruz, CA 95060

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Seymour Marine Discovery Center at Long Marine Lab 100 Shaffer Road * Santa Cruz, CA 95060 (831) 459-3800 1 Leah Dowty Volunteer Coordinator Seymour Marine Discovery Center Long Marine Lab/UC Santa at Seymour Marine Discovery Center--Apply Now! For Immediate Release SANTA CRUZ, CA--The ocean does a lot

  20. The Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) prohibits the take of all marine mammal spe-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) prohibits the take of all marine mammal spe- cies in U, or kill any marine mammal." HarassmentHarassment is defined in the MMPA as "any act of pursuit, torment, or annoyance which has the potential to injure a marine mammal or marine mammal stock in the wild; or has

  1. Marine Sanctuaries Conservation Series ONMS-15-01 NOAA National Marine Sanctuaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marine Sanctuaries Conservation Series ONMS-15-01 NOAA National Marine Sanctuaries Lionfish Response Plan (2015-2018) Responding, Controlling, and Adapting to an Active Marine Invasion U of National Marine Sanctuaries February 2015 #12;About the Marine Sanctuaries Conservation Series The Office

  2. NMFS Permit #13602 ocean explorersSeymour Marine Discovery Center at Long Marine Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    NMFS Permit #13602 ocean explorersSeymour Marine Discovery Center at Long Marine Laboratory University of California, Santa Cruz The Seymour Marine Discovery Center at Long Marine Lab is dedicated · Discover how marine scientists work in the great outdoors Ocean Explorers experience the thrill

  3. Why Protect Marine Turtles? Marine turtles have existed for over 180 million

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Why Protect Marine Turtles? Marine turtles have existed for over 180 million years and play a substantial role in marine ecosystems. All species of marine turtles are classified as either threatened that protects marine turtles. International agreements, such as the Inter-American Convention for the Protection

  4. Modelling Marine Ecosystems Mick Follows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Follows, Mick

    ?What is the marine ecosystem? · Food webFood web · Focus onFocus on phytoplanktonphytoplankton Bacteria, archaea #12 species or functional types ofe.g. why do particular species or functional types of phytoplankton occupy

  5. 44 Marine Fisheries Review Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ocean, Hawaii is striv- ing to redevelop a viable regional food system in the face of rising fuel prices44 Marine Fisheries Review Introduction As an isolated chain of islands in the central Pacific

  6. Geobiology of marine magnetotactic bacteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmons, Sheri Lynn

    2006-01-01

    Magnetotactic bacteria (MTB) biomineralize intracellular membrane-bound crystals of magnetite (Fe3O4) or greigite (Fe3S4), and are abundant in the suboxic to anoxic zones of stratified marine environments worldwide. Their ...

  7. Climate sensitivity of marine energy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Gareth P; Wallace, Robin

    2005-01-01

    Marine energy has a significant role to play in lowering carbon emissions within the energy sector. Paradoxically, it may be susceptible to changes in climate that will result from rising carbon emissions. Wind patterns ...

  8. Prognostics of PEM fuel cell in a particle filtering framework Marine Jouin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Prognostics of PEM fuel cell in a particle filtering framework Marine Jouin , Rafael Gouriveau.jouin@femto-st.fr Abstract Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC) suffer from a limited lifespan, which impedes of the proposed approach. Keywords: Proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell, Prognostics, Remaining useful life

  9. Marine reserves and the evolutionary effects of fishing on size at maturation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dieckmann, Ulf

    , although the frequent movement of large adults increases catches of large adult fish outside a marine of reducing the yield of large adult fish. Differences in the movement behaviour of successive life stages of populations (Jackson et al., 2001; Berkeley et al., 2004b; Ottersen et al., 2006). The removal of old, large

  10. MARINE KELP: ENERGY RESOURCE IN THE COASTAL ZONE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritschard, Ronald L.

    2014-01-01

    2 of the Proceedings MARINE KELP: ENERGY RESOURCE IN THELeone, J. , 1979, Marine Biomass Energy Project, Marineof California. LBL-12224 MARINE KELP: ENERGY RESOURCE IN THE

  11. Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center (OSUUW) | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center (OSUUW) Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center (OSUUW) Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center (OSUUW)...

  12. Marine Corps Base Quantico Achieves 85% Savings in Parking Lighting...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Marine Corps Base Quantico Achieves 85% Savings in Parking Lighting Marine Corps Base Quantico Achieves 85% Savings in Parking Lighting Marine Corps Base Quantico (MCBQ) in...

  13. Marine defaunation: Animal loss in the global ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCauley, DJ; Pinsky, ML; Palumbi, SR; Estes, JA; Joyce, FH; Warner, RR

    2015-01-01

    and evolution in Hawaiian marine invertebrates. Trends Ecol.Propagule dispersal in marine and terrestrial environments:Trends in the abundance of marine fishes. Can. J. Fish.

  14. Marine actinomycete diversity, biogeography, and secondary metabolite production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, Paul Robert

    2006-01-01

    W. , and Jensen, P.R. (1993) Marine microorganisms: a newbiomedical resource. In: Marine Biotechnology, Vol. 1,dipeptides from the marine- derived fungus Trichoderma

  15. Study of the Fatigue Life of Steel Catenary Risers in Interaction with the Seabed 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nakhaee, Ali

    2011-02-22

    The fatigue life of a Steel Catenary Riser (SCR) near its touch-down zone is substantially affected by its interaction with the seabed. Hence, accurate estimate of its fatigue life requires the understanding and realistic ...

  16. MARINE BIOMASS SYSTEM: ANAEROBIC DIGESTION AND PRODUCTION OF METHANE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haven, Kendall F.

    2011-01-01

    MARINE BIOMASS A marine energy farm is one of the fewTompkins, A. N. , 1978, "Energy from Marine Biomass Project-1978 "A Review of the Energy from Marine Biomass Program",

  17. Alternative housing designs for changing life-styles in Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryu, Yoshiko

    1982-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to determine the factors affecting the transformation of user requirements for a single family detached house by analyzing changing technology and life-styles of the traditional and modern ...

  18. Affective Neuroscience of Aging The Affective Neuroscience of Aging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mather, Mara

    Affective Neuroscience of Aging - 1 - The Affective Neuroscience of Aging Mara Mather University running title: Affective Neuroscience of Aging #12;Affective Neuroscience of Aging - 2 - Contents INTRODUCTION THE FATE OF EMOTION-RELATED BRAIN REGIONS AND MONOAMINERGIC NEUROTRANSMITTER SYSTEMS IN AGING

  19. Marine defaunation: Animal loss in the global ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCauley, DJ; Pinsky, ML; Palumbi, SR; Estes, JA; Joyce, FH; Warner, RR

    2015-01-01

    to help ensure that marine mining, energy devel- opment, andtidal/wave energy gener- ation, and marine transport is

  20. The Earth-Life Science Institute (ELSI) was launched on December 7, 2012 after being selected by the Ministry of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Earth-Life Science Institute (ELSI) was launched on December 7, 2012 after being selected; Ehime University, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science"origin and evolution of life"and the"origin and evolution of the Earth" through the interdisciplinary collaboration

  1. Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Database

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    DOE’s Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Database provides up-to-date information on marine and hydrokinetic renewable energy, both in the U.S. and around the world. The database includes wave, tidal, current, and ocean thermal energy, and contains information on the various energy conversion technologies, companies active in the field, and development of projects in the water. Depending on the needs of the user, the database can present a snapshot of projects in a given region, assess the progress of a certain technology type, or provide a comprehensive view of the entire marine and hydrokinetic energy industry. Results are displayed as a list of technologies, companies, or projects. Data can be filtered by a number of criteria, including country/region, technology type, generation capacity, and technology or project stage. The database was updated in 2009 to include ocean thermal energy technologies, companies, and projects.

  2. Hymenaea courbaril Marine construction, heavy construction,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FSC Jatoba Hymenaea courbaril Marine construction, heavy construction, light construction, interior construction, furniture FSC Pine Pinus spp. Marine construction, heavy construction, light construction, interior construction, panel products, furniture FSC Larch Larix spp. (European Larch, Larix decidua

  3. Marine Fisheries W. L. Hobart, Editor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    National Marine Fisheries Service Penelope D. Dalton, Assistant Administrator for Fisheries The Marine that the publication of this periodical is necessary for the transaction of public busi ness required by law

  4. Observational Studies of Drizzle in Marine Stratocumulus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossiter, Dione Lee

    2012-01-01

    the water and energy budgets of the marine boundary layer (water and energy budgets of the stratocumulus-topped marineenergy budgets (both radiation and water) of the stratocumulus-topped marine

  5. Seymour Marine Discovery Center at Long Marine Lab 100 Shaffer Road * Santa Cruz, CA 95060

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Seymour Marine Discovery Center at Long Marine Lab 100 Shaffer Road * Santa Cruz, CA 95060 (831) 459-3800 2014 Endowment Challenge to benefit Seymour Marine Discovery Center SANTA CRUZ, CA--UC Santa Cruz will add $100,000 to a reserve fund for the campus's Seymour Marine Discovery Center

  6. Seymour Marine Discovery Center at Long Marine Lab 100 Shaffer Road * Santa Cruz, CA 95060

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Seymour Marine Discovery Center at Long Marine Lab 100 Shaffer Road * Santa Cruz, CA 95060 (831 on June 16 at 1:00 PM at the Seymour Marine Discovery Center. His journey and challenge to recreate, Beautiful Whale is available in the Seymour Marine Discovery Center's Ocean Discovery Shop. He

  7. Seymour Marine Discovery Center at Long Marine Lab 100 Shaffer Road * Santa Cruz, CA 95060

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Seymour Marine Discovery Center at Long Marine Lab 100 Shaffer Road * Santa Cruz, CA 95060 (831 at the Seymour Marine Discovery Center (May 2013) SANTA CRUZ, CA-- Bring your mother to the Seymour Marine mother and calf models by master whale sculptor Wick Ahrens, hangs inside the Seymour Center entry

  8. Marine Chemistry special issue: The renaissance of radium isotopic tracers in marine processes studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by the Marine Environment Laboratories, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA-MEL). There were 26Editorial Marine Chemistry special issue: The renaissance of radium isotopic tracers in marine interpretation and modeling of radium measurements in marine systems as well as perspectives on special

  9. Office of Marine and Aviation Operations NOAA's Office of Marine and Aviation Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Office of Marine and Aviation Operations NOAA's Office of Marine and Aviation Operations (OMAO) 101 2015 #12;Office of Marine and Aviation Operations For future questions and information on OMAO://www.legislative.noaa.gov/. #12;Office of Marine and Aviation Operations Director, OMAO and the NOAA Corps Rear Admiral David A

  10. Holt Marine Education Fund Purpose: To foster education in the marine sciences by providing financial support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    Holt Marine Education Fund Purpose: To foster education in the marine sciences by providing financial support to undergraduate or graduate students pursuing marine science studies. The request should have definite educational output for a course, public education, extension, etc. and be marine related

  11. Fisher, Marine Hydrogeology Initial Submission March 2004, Page 1 Marine Hydrogeology: Future Prospects for Major Advances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Andrew

    Fisher, Marine Hydrogeology Initial Submission March 2004, Page 1 Marine Hydrogeology: Future and Planetary Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 Abstract Marine hydrogeology is a broad-margin environments. Although many seafloor locations are remote, there are aspects of marine systems that make them

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harinarayana, T.

    MARINE MAGNETOTELLURIC AND MARINE SEISMIC STUDY IN GULF OF KUTCH REGION, GUJARAT, INDIA PROJECT OF OCEANOGRAPHY Dona Paula, Goa­403 004, INDIA 2008 #12;Technical Report No: NGRI-2008-EXP-656 MARINE MAGNETOTELLURIC AND MARINE SEISMIC STUDY IN GULF OF KUTCH REGION, GUJARAT, INDIA Project Coordinator: Dr. T

  13. National Marine Fisheries ServiceNational Marine Fisheries Service Southeast RegionSoutheast Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    National Marine Fisheries ServiceNational Marine Fisheries Service Southeast RegionSoutheast Region-340-773-5774 Puerto Rico: 1-787-399-8432 Report Harassment of Marine Mammals to NMFS Enforcement at: 1-800-863-1964 How Can I Get More Involved in the Southeast Marine Mammal Stranding Network? Anyone can volunteer

  14. Review of the Marine Mammal Unusual Mortality Event Response Program of the National Marine Fisheries Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Review of the Marine Mammal Unusual Mortality Event Response Program of the National Marine and Atmospheric Administration National Marine Fisheries Service NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-OPR-33 September National Marine Fisheries Service Office of Protected Resources 1315 East-West Highway Silver Spring

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunawardena, Arunika

    ATTENTION FINAL YEAR MARINE HONOURS STUDENTS Vemco Scholarship in Marine Biology Deadline are: 1. To provide a scholarship to a student entering the final year of Marine Biology. Students can be in Marine Co-op as well but must be in honours. 2. The recipient of the scholarship will have demonstrated

  16. 6C2R-6.007 University Marine Lab. Operational Policy for the Marine Laboratory.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    6C2R-6.007 University Marine Lab. Operational Policy for the Marine Laboratory. The Florida State University Coastal and Edward Ball Marine Laboratory (FSUGCL) operates as an all University-wide multi for Research, Provost, Graduate Studies and Research the FSUCML Marine Laboratory is organized under

  17. Oregon Sea Grant Marine Education Program at Hatfield Marine Science Center Squid Dissection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    Oregon Sea Grant Marine Education Program at Hatfield Marine Science Center Squid Dissection The Squid Dissection program at Hatfield Marine Science Center is designed to be a 50- minute lab the directions of their marine educator, to systematically dissect a thawed squid and explore the many

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    Oregon Sea Grant Marine Education Program at Hatfield Marine Science Center Build a Habitat The Build a Habitat program at Hatfield Marine Science Center is designed to be a 50- minute hands a number of live marine organisms, learn about what they need to survive, and discover how they function

  19. MSc Marine Biology Module description (A) MODULE A: FUNDAMENTALS OF MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diekmann, Martin

    1 MSc Marine Biology ­ Module description (A) MODULE A: FUNDAMENTALS OF MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY (OBLIGATORY COURSES) A1. Principles of Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography (5 CP) A2. Principles of Marine Ecophysiology (5 CP) A3. Experimental Design and Data Analysis (5 CP) TIMING AND DURATION

  20. The Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 as Amended The Marine Mammal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 as Amended The Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 As Amended as amended 2007 Compiled and annotated by the Marine Mammal Commission 4340 East-West Highway Bethesda, MD 20814 Updated for 2004 and 2007 Amendments by NOAA's National Marine Fisheries Service 1315

  1. BULLETIN OF MARINE SCIENCE, 75(2): 295320, 2004 295Bulletin of Marine Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sealey, Kathleen Sullivan

    BULLETIN OF MARINE SCIENCE, 75(2): 295­320, 2004 295Bulletin of Marine Science © 2004 Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science of the University of Miami LARGE-SCALE ECOLOGICAL IMPACTS of nearshore marine habitats is explored through spatial and temporal comparisons of patch reef environ- ments

  2. Oregon Sea Grant Marine Education Program at Hatfield Marine Science Center Plankton Lab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    Oregon Sea Grant Marine Education Program at Hatfield Marine Science Center Plankton Lab The Plankton Lab at Hatfield Marine Science center is designed to be a 50-minute program for 5th -12th grade holoplankton. Others that spend only part of their lives as plankton are called meroplankton. Most marine

  3. Photovoltaics Life Cycle Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Photovoltaics Life Cycle Analysis Vasilis Fthenakis Center of Life Cycle Analysis Earth & Environmental Engineering Department Columbia University and National Photovoltaic (PV) EHS Research Center (air, water, solid) M, Q E PV array Photovoltaic modules Balance of System (BOS) (Inverters

  4. FOCUS: MARINE GEOMORPHOLOGY AS A DETERMINANT FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    to marine systems, yet the successful design and implementation of such networks has been limited. Efficient crecimiento; y

  5. Marine One Landing Exercise at Argonne

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-03-20

    Marine One and its support helicopters conduct a landing exercise at Argonne prior to the President's visit.

  6. Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology (MHK) Instrumentation, Measurement...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Technology (MHK) Instrumentation, Measurement, and Computer Modeling Workshop Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology (MHK) Instrumentation, Measurement, and Computer Modeling Workshop...

  7. Housing and Residential Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    1 Housing and Residential Life Guidebook 2014-2015 LivingCampus #12;2 fau.edu/housing Welcome! The Housing & Residential Life staff is excited that you've moved home! Florida Atlantic University residence halls and apartments are your home for the 2014-2015 school year. The Housing & Residential Life staff

  8. Life Cycle Cost Estimate

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-03-28

    Life-cycle costs (LCCs) are all the anticipated costs associated with a project or program alternative throughout its life. This includes costs from pre-operations through operations or to the end of the alternative.This chapter discusses life cycle costs and the role they play in planning.

  9. Understanding the Effects of Marine Biodiversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stachowicz, Jay

    and negative effects on herbivores. Recognizing that marine and terrestrial approaches to understandingUnderstanding the Effects of Marine Biodiversity on Communities and Ecosystems John J. Stachowicz,1 There is growing interest in the effects of changing marine biodi- versity on a variety of community properties

  10. DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY AND MARINE BIOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY AND MARINE BIOLOGY GRADUATE PROGRAM REVIEW 2000-2007 #12;i TABLE OF CONTENTS ....................................................................... 389 #12;ii EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Department of Biology and Marine Biology contributes importantly). The department began offering the Master of Science in Marine Biology in 1980, and the Master of Science

  11. DIVISION OF MARINE AND ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyu, Mei-Ling

    DIVISION OF MARINE AND ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY The missions of the Division of Marine and Atmospheric Chemistry (MAC) are to carry out broadly based research on the chemistry of the atmosphere and marine and stratosphere. Atmospheric Chemistry Research activities in atmospheric chemistry and modeling are diverse

  12. Marine Traffic Engineering through Relational Data Mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ceci, Michelangelo

    Marine Traffic Engineering through Relational Data Mining Antonio Bruno1 and Annalisa Appice1,2 1-relational method of frequent pattern discovery into the marine traffic investigation. Multi-relational data mining collected in the gulf of Taranto. 1 Introduction Marine traffic engineering is a research field originally

  13. Smithsonian Marine Science Network Michael A. Lang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    1 Smithsonian Marine Science Network Michael A. Lang January 2010 Smithsonian Office of the Under Secretary for Science #12;2 #12;3 The Smithsonian Marine Science Network is a unique array of laboratories of Panama. Smithsonian Marine Science Network www.si.edu/marinescience #12;4 #12;5 Importance Ocean

  14. MARINE GENETIC RESOURCES Jean-Dominique WAHICHE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MARINE GENETIC RESOURCES AND LAW Jean-Dominique WAHICHE MNHN/UMR 7206 #12;INTRODUCTION: A LEGAL) The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (1983) #12;ACCESS: MARINE BIOLOGICAL RESOURCES AND STATES Economic Zone High Seas #12;ACCESS: MARINE BIOLOGICAL RESOURCES AND STATES SOVEREIGNTY · The rules

  15. Marine Bird Ecology & Conservation: The Farallon Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sally

    11/19/2014 1 Marine Bird Ecology & Conservation: The Farallon Islands Example Some Historical;11/19/2014 2 Charadriformes: gulls, terns Anseriformes: marine ducks, geese and swans Other birds Location of island Distant photo of island #12;11/19/2014 3 Western Gull The gull colony on the marine terrace

  16. SETTING A COURSE FOR SUSTAINABLE MARINE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    330 CHAPTER 22 SETTING A COURSE FOR SUSTAINABLE MARINE AQUACULTURE A s world consumption of seafood continues to increase, the farming of marine species has become a rapidly growing domestic and international industry. There are, however, a number of challenges that this industry presents. Nearshore marine

  17. Marine and Estuarine Ecosystem and Habitat Classification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marine and Estuarine Ecosystem and Habitat Classification Rebecca J. Allee Megan Dethier Dail Brown Administration National Marine Fisheries Service NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-F/SPO-43 July 2000 #12;A copy-WestHighway Silver Spring, MD 20910 #12;Marine and Estuarine Ecosystem and Habitat Classification Rebecca J. Allee

  18. Global distribution and climate forcing of marine organic aerosol: 1. Model improvements and evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meskhidze, N.; Xu, J.; Gantt, Brett; Zhang, Yang; Nenes, Athanasios; Ghan, Steven J.; Liu, Xiaohong; Easter, Richard C.; Zaveri, Rahul A.

    2011-11-23

    Marine organic aerosol emissions have been implemented and evaluated within the National Center of Atmospheric Research (NCAR)'s Community Atmosphere Model (CAM5) with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's 7-mode Modal Aerosol Module (MAM-7). Emissions of marine primary organic aerosols (POA), phytoplanktonproduced isoprene- and monoterpenes-derived secondary organic aerosols (SOA) and methane sulfonate (MS{sup -}) are shown to affect surface concentrations of organic aerosols in remote marine regions. Global emissions of submicron marine POA is estimated to be 7.9 and 9.4 Tg yr{sup -1}, for the Gantt et al. (2011) and Vignati et al. (2010) emission parameterizations, respectively. Marine sources of SOA and particulate MS{sup -} (containing both sulfur and carbon atoms) contribute an additional 0.2 and 5.1 Tg yr{sup -1}, respectively. Widespread areas over productive waters of the Northern Atlantic, Northern Pacific, and the Southern Ocean show marine-source submicron organic aerosol surface concentrations of 100 ngm{sup -3}, with values up to 400 ngm{sup -3} over biologically productive areas. Comparison of long-term surface observations of water insoluble organic matter (WIOM) with POA concentrations from the two emission parameterizations shows that despite revealed discrepancies (often more than a factor of 2), both Gantt et al. (2011) and Vignati et al. (2010) formulations are able to capture the magnitude of marine organic aerosol concentrations, with the Gantt et al. (2011) parameterization attaining better seasonality. Model simulations show that the mixing state of the marine POA can impact the surface number concentration of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN). The largest increases (up to 20 %) in CCN (at a supersaturation (S) of 0.2 %) number concentration are obtained over biologically productive ocean waters when marine organic aerosol is assumed to be externally mixed with sea-salt. Assuming marine organics are internally-mixed with sea-salt provides diverse results with increases and decreases in the concentration of CCN over different parts of the ocean. The sign of the CCN change due to the addition of marine organics to seasalt aerosol is determined by the relative significance of the increase in mean modal diameter due to addition of mass, and the decrease in particle hygroscopicity due to compositional changes in marine aerosol. Based on emerging evidence for increased CCN concentration over biologically active surface ocean areas/periods, our study suggests that treatment of sea spray in global climate models (GCMs) as an internal mixture of marine organic aerosols and sea-salt will likely lead to an underestimation in CCN number concentration.

  19. Origin of Life prebiotic before life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houde, Peter

    of rock that often preserves fossils stratigraphy ­ the study of sedimentary layers superposition chain #12;Seismic Activity #12;vectors and rates of plate movement #12;fossil record of life on earth

  20. Marine and freshwater fish support important angling industries that provide substantial benefit to local

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    Marine and freshwater fish support important angling industries that provide substantial benefit, it is important to evaluate how different stressors associated with this type of fishing affect fish survival. What follows is a brief Q & A review on the effects of air exposure. How long can a fish live out

  1. 50 Marine Fisheries Review Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (National Research Council, 1990; Henwood and Epperly, 1999).Althoughnotaswidelyused,ship- board surveys, knowledge which can help reduce the risk of harmful human interaction. In 1991 and 1992, the Marine and in a northward direction along the U.S. Atlantic Coast and in a westward direction along the northern Gulf

  2. 48 Marine Fisheries Review Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    48 Marine Fisheries Review Introduction The State of Kerala (Fig. 1) leads India in the production, Villorita cyprinoides, Fishery in the State of Kerala, India N. SUJA and K. S. MOHAMED N. Suja and K. S.O. Box 1603, Kochi, Kerala, India 682018 (e-mail: nsuja_r@yahoo. co.uk). Views or opinions expressed

  3. Sunnyvale Marine Climate Deep Retrofit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    German, A.; Siddiqui, A.; Dakin, B.

    2014-11-01

    The Alliance for Residential Building Innovation (ARBI) and Allen Gilliland of One Sky Homes collaborated on a marine climate retrofit project designed to meet both Passive House (PH) and Building America (BA) program standards. The scope included sealing, installing wall, roof and floor insulation (previously lacking), replacing windows, upgrading the heating and cooling system, and installing.

  4. Sunnyvale Marine Climate Deep Retrofit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    German, A.; Siddiqui, A.; Dakin, B.

    2014-11-01

    The Alliance for Residential Building Innovation (ARBI) and Allen Gilliland of One Sky Homes collaborated on a marine climate retrofit project designed to meet both Passive House (PH) and Building America program standards. The scope included sealing, installing wall, roof and floor insulation (previously lacking), replacing windows, upgrading the heating and cooling system, and installing mechanical ventilation.

  5. Marine Ecoregions Robert G. Bailey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    influencing droughts, the interaction of marine-land systems in global climate change scenarios, and the Atlantic thermo-halide current and its potential role in starting and ending ice ages. [Note 6 Major ecosystems, or ecoregions · Result from predictable patterns of solar radiation and moisture

  6. Sources and composition of submicron organic mass in marine aerosol particles: Marine Aerosol Organic Mass Composition

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Frossard, Amanda A.; Russell, Lynn M.; Burrows, Susannah M.; Elliott, Scott M.; Bates, Timothy S.; Quinn, Patricia K.

    2014-11-26

    Recent studies have proposed a variety of interpretations of the sources and composition of atmospheric marine aerosol particles (aMA) based on a range of physical and chemical measurements collected during open-ocean research cruises. To investigate the processes that affect marine organic particles, this study uses the characteristic functional group composition (from Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy) of aMAP from five ocean regions to show that: (i) The organic functional group composition of aMAP that can be identified as atmospheric primary marine (ocean-derived) aerosol (aPMA) is 65±12% hydroxyl, 21±9% alkane, 6±6% amine, and 7±8% carboxylic acid functional groups. Contributions from photochemicalmore »reactions add carboxylic acid groups (15%-25%), shipping effluent in seawater and ship emissions add additional alkane groups (up to 70%), and coastal emissions mix in alkane and carboxylic acid groups from coastal pollution sources. (ii) The organic composition of aPMA is nearly identical to model generated primary marine aerosol particles (gPMA) from bubbled seawater (55% hydroxyl, 32% alkane, and 13% amine functional groups), indicating that its overall functional group composition is the direct consequence of the organic constituents of the seawater source. (iii) While the seawater organic functional group composition was nearly invariant across all three ocean regions studied, the gPMA alkane group fraction increased with chlorophyll-a concentrations (r = 0.79). gPMA from productive seawater had a larger fraction of alkane functional groups (35%) compared to gPMA from non-productive seawater (16%), likely due to the presence of surfactants in productive seawater that stabilize the bubble film and lead to preferential drainage of the more soluble (lower alkane group fraction) organic components. gPMA has a hydroxyl group absorption peak location characteristic of monosaccharides and disaccharides, where the seawater OM hydroxyl group peak location is closer to that of polysaccharides. This may result from the larger saccharides preferentially remaining in the seawater during gPMA and aPMA production« less

  7. Sources and composition of submicron organic mass in marine aerosol particles: Marine Aerosol Organic Mass Composition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frossard, Amanda A. [Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States). Scripps Inst. of Oceanography; Russell, Lynn M. [Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States). Scripps Inst. of Oceanography; Burrows, Susannah M. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Atmospheric Science and Global Change Div. (ASGC); Elliott, Scott M. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Bates, Timothy S. [National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Seattle, WA (United States). Pacific Marine Environmental Lab. (PMEL); Quinn, Patricia K. [National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Seattle, WA (United States). Pacific Marine Environmental Lab. (PMEL)

    2014-11-26

    Recent studies have proposed a variety of interpretations of the sources and composition of atmospheric marine aerosol particles (aMA) based on a range of physical and chemical measurements collected during open-ocean research cruises. To investigate the processes that affect marine organic particles, this study uses the characteristic functional group composition (from Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy) of aMAP from five ocean regions to show that: (i) The organic functional group composition of aMAP that can be identified as atmospheric primary marine (ocean-derived) aerosol (aPMA) is 65±12% hydroxyl, 21±9% alkane, 6±6% amine, and 7±8% carboxylic acid functional groups. Contributions from photochemical reactions add carboxylic acid groups (15%-25%), shipping effluent in seawater and ship emissions add additional alkane groups (up to 70%), and coastal emissions mix in alkane and carboxylic acid groups from coastal pollution sources. (ii) The organic composition of aPMA is nearly identical to model generated primary marine aerosol particles (gPMA) from bubbled seawater (55% hydroxyl, 32% alkane, and 13% amine functional groups), indicating that its overall functional group composition is the direct consequence of the organic constituents of the seawater source. (iii) While the seawater organic functional group composition was nearly invariant across all three ocean regions studied, the gPMA alkane group fraction increased with chlorophyll-a concentrations (r = 0.79). gPMA from productive seawater had a larger fraction of alkane functional groups (35%) compared to gPMA from non-productive seawater (16%), likely due to the presence of surfactants in productive seawater that stabilize the bubble film and lead to preferential drainage of the more soluble (lower alkane group fraction) organic components. gPMA has a hydroxyl group absorption peak location characteristic of monosaccharides and disaccharides, where the seawater OM hydroxyl group peak location is closer to that of polysaccharides. This may result from the larger saccharides preferentially remaining in the seawater during gPMA and aPMA production

  8. Concerns in Marine Renewable Energy Projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharon Kramer, Mirko Previsic, Peter Nelson, Sheri Woo

    2010-06-17

    To accelerate the adoption of these emerging marine hydrokinetic technologies, navigational and environmental issues and concerns must be identified and addressed. As hydrokinetic projects move forward, various stakeholders will need to be engaged; one of the key issues that project proponents face as they engage stakeholders is that many conflicting uses and environmental issues are not well-understood. Much of this lack of understanding comes from a limited understanding of the technologies themselves. To address this issue, in September 2008, RE Vision consulting, LLC, was selected by the Department of Energy, under their market acceleration program, to apply a scenario-based assessment approach to the emerging hydrokinetic technology sector. The goal was to improve understanding of potential environmental and navigation impacts of these technologies and focus stakeholders on the critical issues. To meet this goal, the study established baseline scenarios for wave and tidal power conversion at potential future deployment sites. The scenarios captured variations in technical approaches and deployment scales and thus grounded the analysis in realistic constraints. The work conducted under this award provides an important foundation to other market acceleration activities carried out by the DoE and other stakeholders in this sector. The scenarios were then evaluated using a framework developed by H.T. Harvey & Associates to identify and characterize key environmental concerns and uncertainties. In collaboration with PCCI and the U.S. Coast Guard, navigation issues were assessed and guidelines developed to assure the safe operation of these systems. Finally, the work highlights “next steps” to take to continue development and adoption of marine hydrokinetic energy. Throughout the project, close collaboration with device developers, project developers and regulatory stakeholders was pursued to ensure that assumptions and constraints are realistic. Results concur with most of the permitting hurdles experienced by on-going projects in the U.S., and specific recommendations are provided for identifying and addressing them. While many areas of further research were identified, the study did not identify any major “show-stopper,” largely because these technologies have a relatively low environmental risk-profile if compared to other activities routinely permitted in the marine environment. The frameworks and representative scenarios developed provide an objective and transparent tool for stakeholders, regulators and developers to assist in the decision-making process for siting wave and tidal energy plants, and meet our goal of improving understanding between all stakeholders. The final product consists of three reports: Report 1 - Wave Energy Scenarios This report includes: - A technology characterization of four different wave energy technologies, including major technical specifications, device performance, and technical siting considerations - A site characterization of two potential deployment sites located in Hawaii and California - Outlines of device installation, O&M and decommissioning activities - Navigational demarcation requirements - Deployment Scenarios, identifying all the major life-cycle-related impacts Report 2 - Tidal Energy Scenarios This report includes: - A technology characterization of three tidal energy technologies, including major technical specifications, device performance, and technical siting considerations. - A site characterization of one potential deployment location in the Puget Sound, Washington - Outlines of device installation, O&M and decommissioning activities - Navigational demarcation requirements - Deployment Scenarios, identifying all the major life-cycle-related impacts Report 3 - Framework for Identifying Key Environmental Concerns This report describes frameworks for identifying key environmental effects and applies them to the wave and tidal energy deployment scenarios described in the first two reports. It highlights critical issues and recommendations for future research

  9. Influence of foraging ecology and body condition on contaminant bioaccumulation in a top marine predator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, Sarah Elendil Hardee

    2015-01-01

    52 CHAPTER 2: Marine foraging ecology influences mercuryfasting North Pacific marine Mammal . . . . . . . . .distribution and conservation of marine mammals. Proceedings

  10. 2010 MARINE MICROBES GORDON RESEARCH CONFERENCE (JULY 4-9, 2010 - TILTON SCHOOL, TILTON NH)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Kirchman

    2010-04-09

    Marine microbes include representatives from all three kingdoms of life and collectively carry out virtually all forms of metabolisms found on the planet. Because of this metabolic and genetic diversity, these microbes mediate many of the reactions making up global biogeochemical cycles which govern the flow of energy and material in the biosphere. The goal of this conference is to bring together approaches and concepts from studies of microbial evolution, genomics, ecology, and oceanography in order to gain new insights into marine microbes and their biogeochemical functions. The integration of scales, from genes to global cycles, will result in a better understanding of marine microbes and of their contribution to the carbon cycle and other biogeochemical processes.

  11. Fluid Queue Models of Battery Life Gareth L. Jones, Peter G. Harrison, Uli Harder, Tony Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imperial College, London

    Fluid Queue Models of Battery Life Gareth L. Jones, Peter G. Harrison, Uli Harder, Tony Field-mail:{gljones,uh,ajf,pgh}@doc.ic.ac.uk Abstract--We investigate how a power-save mode affects the battery life of a device subject transform of the battery life's probability density function is found and inverted numerically in particular

  12. Marine Iguanas Older Than Their Islands Jeff Mitton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitton, Jeffry B.

    Marine Iguanas Older Than Their Islands Jeff Mitton Natural Selections (Appeared in the Boulder endemic species remain, three land iguanas and the only marine iguana in the world. The marine iguana by a variety of green and red algae. Marine iguanas rely solely on marine algae but they are not restricted

  13. Master's Thesis proposal TTS Marine AB 2015-10-12 Page 1 of 1 TTS Marine AB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahrendt, Wolfgang

    Master's Thesis proposal TTS Marine AB ­ 2015-10-12 Page 1 of 1 TTS Marine AB Tel: +46 31 725 79 00 Fax: +46 31 725 78 00 info@tts-marine.se www.ttsgroup.com Master's Thesis proposal To: Applied, 2015 From: Structural Engineering department- TTS Marine AB Pages: 1 Subject: Thesis work at TTS Marine

  14. Life Before Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexei A. Sharov; Richard Gordon

    2013-03-28

    An extrapolation of the genetic complexity of organisms to earlier times suggests that life began before the Earth was formed. Life may have started from systems with single heritable elements that are functionally equivalent to a nucleotide. The genetic complexity, roughly measured by the number of non-redundant functional nucleotides, is expected to have grown exponentially due to several positive feedback factors: gene cooperation, duplication of genes with their subsequent specialization, and emergence of novel functional niches associated with existing genes. Linear regression of genetic complexity on a log scale extrapolated back to just one base pair suggests the time of the origin of life 9.7 billion years ago. This cosmic time scale for the evolution of life has important consequences: life took ca. 5 billion years to reach the complexity of bacteria; the environments in which life originated and evolved to the prokaryote stage may have been quite different from those envisaged on Earth; there was no intelligent life in our universe prior to the origin of Earth, thus Earth could not have been deliberately seeded with life by intelligent aliens; Earth was seeded by panspermia; experimental replication of the origin of life from scratch may have to emulate many cumulative rare events; and the Drake equation for guesstimating the number of civilizations in the universe is likely wrong, as intelligent life has just begun appearing in our universe. Evolution of advanced organisms has accelerated via development of additional information-processing systems: epigenetic memory, primitive mind, multicellular brain, language, books, computers, and Internet. As a result the doubling time of complexity has reached ca. 20 years. Finally, we discuss the issue of the predicted technological singularity and give a biosemiotics perspective on the increase of complexity.

  15. Hawaii National Marine Renewable Energy Center (HINMREC)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rocheleau, Richard

    2011-09-27

    Presentation from the 2011 Water Peer Review in which the principal investigator discusses project progress to develop in-water testing facility for marine and hydrokinetics energy devices.

  16. Energy 101: Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2014-06-26

    See how marine and hydrokinetic technologies harness the energy of the ocean's waves, tides, and currents and convert it into electricity to power our homes, buildings and cities.

  17. Marine and Hydrokinetic Technologies Fact Sheet

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This fact sheet describes the Wind and Water Power Program's current approach to supporting the development and deployment of marine and hydrokinetic technologies.

  18. The marine biogeochemistry of zinc isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John, Seth G

    2007-01-01

    Zinc (Zn) stable isotopes can record information about important oceanographic processes. This thesis presents data on Zn isotopes in anthropogenic materials, hydrothermal fluids and minerals, cultured marine phytoplankton, ...

  19. Energy 101: Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-04-29

    See how marine and hydrokinetic technologies harness the energy of the ocean's waves, tides, and currents and convert it into electricity to power our homes, buildings and cities.

  20. Sandia Energy - Investigations on Marine Hydrokinetic Turbine...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Marine Hydrokinetic Turbine Foil Structural Health Monitoring Presented at GMREC METS Home Renewable Energy Energy Water Power News News & Events Systems Analysis Investigations on...

  1. Seymour Marine Discovery Center at Long Marine Lab 100 Shaffer Road * Santa Cruz, CA 95060

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Seymour Marine Discovery Center at Long Marine Lab 100 Shaffer Road * Santa Cruz, CA 95060 (831 were recognized at a ceremony and reception at the Seymour Marine Discovery Center on Thursday, January of the Seymour Center. The Student Research and Education Awards are made possible from annual income on six

  2. VI International Conference on Computational Methods in Marine Engineering MARINE 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    VI International Conference on Computational Methods in Marine Engineering MARINE 2015 F. Salvatore, R. Broglia and R. Muscari (Eds) SHIP VOYAGE ENERGY EFFICIENCY ASSESSMENT USING SHIP SIMULATORS Ameen.ac.uk, web page: http://www.soton.ac.uk Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering Department Faculty

  3. ABOUT THE JOURNAL Marine Resource Economics publishes creative and scholarly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateo, Jill M.

    ocean energy sources, marine transportation, coastal land use and climate adaptation, and management pollution, coastal and marine recreation, ocean energy resources, coastal climate adaptation, ecosystemABOUT THE JOURNAL Marine Resource Economics publishes creative and scholarly economic analyses

  4. Marine Natural Products: Synthesis, Niche Environments, and Chemical Probes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchez, Laura Margaret

    2012-01-01

    for the Discovery of Unique Marine Natural Products. ” PLoSthe Discovery of Unique Marine Natural Products IntroductionChapter 1 Figure 1.1. Two marine natural products and five

  5. Designing Victoria Harbour: Integrating, Improving, and Facilitating Marine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klein, Andrew G.

    Designing Victoria Harbour: Integrating, Improving, and Facilitating Marine Activities By: Brian Yang #12;CXP-1006 Designing Victoria Harbour: Integrating, Improving, and Facilitating Marine., examines this imbalance from the marine perspective. We audited the 50km of waterfront twice and conducted

  6. HOCl and Cl2 observations in marine air

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    in the polluted subtropical marine boundary layer, Nat.2 , Br 2 , and I 2 in coastal marine air, J. Geophys. Res. ,than hydrogen chloride in marine surface air, Geophys. Res.

  7. BASIC TERM LIFE INSURANCE ANTHEM LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - 35 - BASIC TERM LIFE INSURANCE ANTHEM LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY Maximum Benefits The amount of life and your family is important, especially in the event of a death or accident. Therefore, the CHEIBA Trust

  8. 200 kHz Commercial Sonar Systems Generate Lower Frequency Side Lobes Audible to Some Marine Mammals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deng, Zhiqun; Southall, Brandon; Carlson, Thomas J.; Xu, Jinshan; Martinez, Jayson J.; Weiland, Mark A.; Ingraham, John M.

    2014-04-15

    The spectral properties of pulses transmitted by three commercially available 200 kHz echo sounders were measured to assess the possibility that sound energy in below the center (carrier) frequency might be heard by marine mammals. The study found that all three sounders generated sound at frequencies below the center frequency and within the hearing range of some marine mammals and that this sound was likely detectable by the animals over limited ranges. However, at standard operating source levels for the sounders, the sound below the center frequency was well below potentially harmful levels. It was concluded that the sounds generated by the sounders could affect the behavior of marine mammals within fairly close proximity to the sources and that that the blanket exclusion of echo sounders from environmental impact analysis based solely on the center frequency output in relation to the range of marine mammal hearing should be reconsidered.

  9. The Marine Research Internship program trains you to become integral members of our marine research work, able to help us in our marine research and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffmann, Klaus-Peter

    #12;The Marine Research Internship program trains you to become integral members of our marine research work, able to help us in our marine research and conservation projects. The research assistants will gain professional training in scuba diving, species identification and marine habitat monitoring

  10. Marin Solar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5TransportManitouChangeMarc MMaries County,MarinSolar

  11. Marine Scotland | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to: navigation, searchScotland Jump to: navigation, search Name: Marine

  12. Geothermometry At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area (Mariner...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mariner & Willey, 1976) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermometry At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area (Mariner & Willey,...

  13. 2013 Federal Energy and Water Management Award Winner Marine...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Marine Corps Recruit San Diego 2013 Federal Energy and Water Management Award Winner Marine Corps Recruit San Diego fewm13usmcmcdepotsandiegohighres.pdf fewm13usmcmcdepotsandi...

  14. Request for Information Regarding the Testing of Marine and Hydrokinet...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Request for Information Regarding the Testing of Marine and Hydrokinetic Systems Request for Information Regarding the Testing of Marine and Hydrokinetic Systems January 14, 2015 -...

  15. New Request for Information on Strategy to Advance the Marine...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    New Request for Information on Strategy to Advance the Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Industry New Request for Information on Strategy to Advance the Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy...

  16. Annex IV Environmental Webinar: Marine Renewable Energy Test...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Annex IV Environmental Webinar: Marine Renewable Energy Test Centers and Environmental Effects Research Annex IV Environmental Webinar: Marine Renewable Energy Test Centers and...

  17. Every sign of life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerasimov, Vadim, 1969-

    2003-01-01

    Every Sign of Life introduces an approach to and motivational schema for personal health monitoring. It is an exploration of how to make information collected by personal health-monitoring devices fun and engaging, and ...

  18. Life Extension Programs

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    in the U.S. and abroad.

    B61-12 Life Extension Program Undergoes First Full-Scale Wind Tunnel Test http:www.nnsa.energy.govmediaroompressreleaseswindtunnel

  19. The Marine Biodiversity and Fisheries Catches of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pauly, Daniel

    The Marine Biodiversity and Fisheries Catches of the Pitcairn Island Group Palomares, M.L.D., D;#12;THE MARINE BIODIVERSITY AND FISHERIES CATCHES OF THE PITCAIRN ISLAND GROUP M.L.D. Palomares, D ..................................................................................... 10 Maria Lourdes D. Palomares, Patricia M. Sorongon, Marianne Pan, Jennifer C. Espedido, Lealde U

  20. MARINE RESEARCH Volume 56, Number 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balmforth, Neil

    Journal of MARINE RESEARCH Volume 56, Number 1 Enhanced dispersion of near-inertial waves at San Diego, La Jolla, California, 92093- 0230, U.S.A. Journal of Marine Research, 56, 1­40, 1998 1 #12 the near-inertial energy in the mixed layer returns to backgroundlevels on a time scale of ten to twenty

  1. Submersible Generator for Marine Hydrokinetics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert S. Cinq-Mars; Timothy Burke; Dr. James Irish; Brian Gustafson; Dr. James Kirtley; Dr. Aiman Alawa

    2011-09-01

    A submersible generator was designed as a distinct and critical subassembly of marine hydrokinetics systems, specifically tidal and stream energy conversion. The generator is designed to work with both vertical and horizontal axis turbines. The final product is a high-pole-count, radial-flux, permanent magnet, rim mounted generator, initially rated at twenty kilowatts in a two-meter-per-second flow, and designed to leverage established and simple manufacturing processes. The generator was designed to work with a 3 meter by 7 meter Gorlov Helical Turbine or a marine hydrokinetic version of the FloDesign wind turbine. The team consisted of experienced motor/generator design engineers with cooperation from major US component suppliers (magnetics, coil winding and electrical steel laminations). Support for this effort was provided by Lucid Energy Technologies and FloDesign, Inc. The following tasks were completed: � Identified the conditions and requirements for MHK generators. � Defined a methodology for sizing and rating MHK systems. � Selected an MHK generator topology and form factor. � Completed electromechanical design of submersible generator capable of coupling to multiple turbine styles. � Investigated MHK generator manufacturing requirements. � Reviewed cost implications and financial viability. � Completed final reporting and deliverables

  2. Fermilab at Work | Lab Life

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lab Life Abri Benefits Office Car and Vanpool Program Chez Leon Conference Office Cultural Events DASTOW Diversity Graduate Student Association (GSA) GSA's Guide to Life Housing...

  3. Life Cycle Inventory of a CMOS Chip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sarah; Dornfeld, David; Krishnan, Nikhil

    2006-01-01

    E. ; Zappa, S. ; “Life cycle assessment of an integratedare shown. Keywords- Life Cycle Assessment (LCA); Life Cycleindustry, and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is emerging as a

  4. Our Ocean Backyard Santa Cruz Sentinel columns by Gary Griggs, Director, Institute of Marine Sciences, UC Santa Cruz.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    an essential role as the base of the ocean food chain, but they also have a darker side that has come to light passed up the food chain. The real trouble starts when marine mammals, birds or people eat at UC Santa Cruz analyzing preserved samples that the birds had been affected by domoic acid, a toxin

  5. Photo: RSMAS The Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , marine geophysics, ocean acoustics, and marine and atmospheric chemistry. The school is also known as onePhoto: RSMAS The Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science (RSMAS) was founded in 1943 in Biscayne Bay near Miami. It is the only subtropical applied and basic marine and atmospheric research

  6. Molecular mechanisms of urea uptake in marine diatoms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakley, Katherine Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    Genomic Insights into Marine Microalgae. ” Annual Review ofof Biodiesel Fuel from Microalgae." ACS Symposium Series.

  7. Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Instrumentation, Measurement, and Computer Modeling Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The workshop brought together over 60 experts in marine energy technologies to disseminate technical information to the marine energy community, and to collect information to help identify ways in which the development of a commercially viable marine energy industry can be accelerated. The workshop was comprised of plenary sessions that reviewed the state of the marine energy industry.

  8. REVIEWS AND SYNTHESES Local adaptation in host use among marine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sotka, Erik

    REVIEWS AND SYNTHESES Local adaptation in host use among marine invertebrates Erik E. Sotka Grice Marine Laboratory, College of Charleston, 205 Fort Johnson Road, Charleston, SC 29412, USA Correspondence across their geographic ranges. Marine examples are rare, which leaves the impression that marine

  9. Marine Mammal Health and Stranding Response I'rogram

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marine Mammal Health and Stranding Response I'rogram: Program Devellopment Plan Prepared by Paul R. Becker, Dean Wilkinson, and Ted I. Lillestolen National Marine Fisheries Service Office of Protected Marine Fisheries Se~wict? #12;Marine Mammal Health and Stranding Response Program: Program Development

  10. Research Article A Customization of the Arc Marine Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    Research Article A Customization of the Arc Marine Data Model to Support Whale Tracking via Mate Marine Mammal Institute, Oregon State University Dawn J Wright Department of Geosciences Oregon State University Tomas Follett Marine Mammal Institute, Oregon State University Abstract The Arc Marine

  11. MARINE DEBRIS Impacts in the Gulf of Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MARINE DEBRIS Impacts in the Gulf of Mexico NOAA Fisheries Service Southeast Regional Office Protected Resources Division Revised June 2014 #12;WHAT IS MARINE DEBRIS? MARINE IMPACTS · Degrades the quality and health of our oceans · Damages or degrades marine habitats · Poses risks to human health

  12. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camassa, Roberto

    MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser Vol. 487: 185­200, 2013 doi: 10.3354/meps10387 Published July 30 INTRODUCTION Marine snow plays a critical role in the marine car- bon cycle, as a dominant, Kiørboe 2011). Knowledge of the vertical distribution of marine aggregates in the water column, as well

  13. NONLINEAR TIME-INVARIANT FEEDBACK CONTROL OF AN UNDERACTUATED MARINE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimmer, Uwe

    NONLINEAR TIME-INVARIANT FEEDBACK CONTROL OF AN UNDERACTUATED MARINE VEHICLE ALONG A STRAIGHT: A nonlinear, closed-loop, time-invariant controller that globally stabilizes an underactuated marine vehicle: Marine systems, nonlinear control, tracking. 1. INTRODUCTION Consider a marine vehicle moving in the hori

  14. Thermodynamic Origin of Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michaelian, K

    2009-01-01

    Understanding the thermodynamic function of life may shed light on its origin. Out of equilibrium structuring in space and time is contingent on continuous entropy production. Entropy production is a measure of the rate of the natural tendency of Nature to explore all available microstates. The process producing the greatest amount of entropy in the biosphere is the absorption and transformation of sunlight, leading to the transpiration of water by plants and cyanobacteria. Here we hypothesize that life began, and exists today, as a dynamic catalyst for the absorption and transformation of sunlight into heat, which could then be efficiently harvested by the water cycle, hurricanes, and ocean and wind currents. RNA and DNA are the most efficient of all known molecules for absorbing the ultraviolet light that could have penetrated the dense early atmosphere, and are extremely rapid in transforming this light into heat that can be readily absorbed by liquid water. The origin and evolution of life was thus driven...

  15. MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE, 26(4): 9971001 (October 2010) C 2010 by the Society for Marine Mammalogy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reichmuth, Colleen

    Memories MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE, 26(4): 997­1001 (October 2010) C 2010 by the Society for Marine of the Society for Marine Mammalogy Ronald J. Schusterman had a passion for living and a passion for science. It is hard to think about the Society for Marine Mammalogy and its beginnings and development without

  16. MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE, 18(1):275-281 (January 2002) 0 2002 by the Society for Marine Mammalogy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reichmuth, Colleen

    Notes MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE, 18(1):275-281 (January 2002) 0 2002 by the Society for Marine Mammalogy VISUAL PIGMENT SENSITIVITY IN THREE DEEP DIVING MARINE MAMMALS Morphological examination of both et al. 1997),whereas those of fish and marine mammals are more broadly distributed (McFarland 1971

  17. MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE, 24(3): 746746 (July 2008) C 2008 by the Society for Marine Mammalogy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reichmuth, Colleen

    MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE, 24(3): 746­746 (July 2008) C 2008 by the Society for Marine Mammalogy DOI by Moore et al. published in the October 2007 issue of Marine Mammal Science presents a decision tree designed to deal with the management of stranded marine mammals. If an animal that has stranded has

  18. FOCUS ON STUDENTS: Principal's Task Force on Student Life and Learning at McGill Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoubridge, Eric

    FOCUS ON STUDENTS: Principal's Task Force on Student Life and Learning at McGill Final Report, the Principal's Task Force on Student Life and Learning at McGill was struck by Principal Heather Munroe mandate to review issues affecting student life and learning at McGill, and has aimed to make a small

  19. Agriculture and Life Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    Responsibility 7 Virginia Tech Principles of Community 7 STUDENTS ARE ~ 8 University/College Policy and Procedures 9 Absences 9 Personal Illness: 9 Death/Illness in the Family 9 Attendance of a Professional of Agriculture and Life Sciences that advising is a collaborative effort between the student and faculty advisor

  20. Models of marine microbes: molecules to ecosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Follows, Mick

    Models of marine microbes: molecules to ecosystems Mick Follows, MIT #12;Microbes in the ocean Image: Jed Fuhrman #12;Microbes in the ocean Image: Jed Fuhrman · Base of food chain/food web · Modulate

  1. Adaptive sampling in autonomous marine sensor networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eickstedt, Donald Patrick

    2006-01-01

    In this thesis, an innovative architecture for real-time adaptive and cooperative control of autonomous sensor platforms in a marine sensor network is described in the context of the autonomous oceanographic network scenario. ...

  2. Monitoring VIV fatigue damage on marine risers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukundan, Harish

    Long flexible cylinders (e.g., risers, tendons and mooring lines) exposed to the marine environment encounter ocean currents leading to vortex-induced vibration (VIV). These oscillations, often driven at high frequencies ...

  3. The biogeochemistry of marine particulate trace metals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohnemus, Daniel Chester

    2014-01-01

    Marine particles include all living and non-living solid components of seawater, representing an extremely dynamic and chemically diverse mixture of phases. The distributions of these phases are poorly constrained and ...

  4. Emergency Management Rosenstiel School of Marine &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    Emergency Management Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science HURRICANE GUIDELINES June 03, 2013 #12;Emergency Management This Page Left Intentionally Blank #12;Emergency Management 3 I. Table ........................................................................................................... 15 D. Emergency Repairs

  5. Marine Fisheries W. L. Hobart, Editor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Under Secretary for Oceans and Atmosphere ational Marine Fisheries Service Penelope D. Dalton publication of lhis periodical is neces- sary for lhe Iran aClion of public busine. s required by law

  6. Hurricane Preparedness Plan National Marine Fisheries Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Hurricane Preparedness Plan National Marine Fisheries and Office June 2015 #12;2 2014 Hurricane Preparedness Plan (revised 4/15) TO: All Staff, Lafayette Laboratory Facility FROM: John Foret, Facility Administrator SUBJECT: Hurricane Procedures for Buildings

  7. Shells of crabs like these may be the key to prolonging the life of microbial fuel cells that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sensors beneath the sea, according to a team of Penn State researchers. To produce energy, microbial fuelShells of crabs like these may be the key to prolonging the life of microbial fuel cells that power/06/ 070604123858.htm Marine Sediment Microbial Fuel Cells Get A Nutritional Boost ScienceDaily (June 11, 2007

  8. Human dimensions perspectives on the impacts of coastal zone marine renewable energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pomeroy, Caroline; Conway, Flaxen; Hall-Arber, Madeleine

    2013-01-01

    coastal zone marine renewable energy generation. REFERENCESOF COASTAL ZONE MARINE RENEWABLE ENERGY Caroline Pomeroy,and implementing marine renewable energy (MRE) development

  9. Investigations of marine cyanobacterial secondary metabolites : isolation, structure elucidation, and synthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nunnery, Joshawna Kay

    2012-01-01

    chlorinated metabolite of the marine cyanophyte LyngbyaCannabinomimetic lipid from a marine cyanobacterium. J. Nat.New Guinea collection of the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya

  10. MARINE MAMMALS OF THE ATL ANTIC REGION AND GULF OF MEXICO marine mammals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    301 MARINE MAMMALS OF THE ATL ANTIC REGION AND GULF OF MEXICO UNIT 23 marine mammals of the atlantic region and the gulf of mexico INTRODUCTION The Atlantic region, including the Gulf of Mexico, has above: Oceanic bottlenose dolphins in the Gulf of Mexico. SEFSC/NMFS Species Act (ESA;Table 23

  11. Documenting Belize marine biodiversity, Palomares and Pauly78 DOCUMENTING THE MARINE BIODIVERSITY OF BELIZE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pauly, Daniel

    Documenting Belize marine biodiversity, Palomares and Pauly78 DOCUMENTING THE MARINE BIODIVERSITY OF BELIZE THROUGH FISHBASE AND SEALIFEBASE1 Maria Lourdes D. Palomares and Daniel Pauly Sea Around Us; m.palomares@fisheries.ubc.ca ABSTRACT There is a large body of published material available

  12. Blue Whale Skeleton at the Seymour Marine Discovery Center at Long Marine Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Blue Whale Skeleton at the Seymour Marine Discovery Center at Long Marine Laboratory Arching 87 feet in length and rising 18 feet above the ground, the blue whale skeleton at the Seymour Center Ms. Blue and move her to the present Seymour Center. This seemed a perfect opportunity to perform

  13. Life forms: A keyword entry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helmreich, Stefan

    We deliver a "keyword" account of the term life form as it has been used in natural philosophy and biology over the last two hundred years, beginning with its appearance in German as Lebensform. We argue that life form ...

  14. Green Building- Efficient Life Cycle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kohns, R.

    2008-01-01

    the components “Sustainable Building Design”, “Life Cycle Cost Analysis”, “Green Building Certification” and “Natural Resources Management”. These components are deliberately arranged around the life cycle of the real estate concerned. This allows a different...

  15. The Development of Open Water-lubricated Polycrystalline Diamond (PCD) Thrust Bearings for Use in Marine Hydrokinetic (MHK) Energy Machines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cooley, Craig, H.; Khonsari, Michael,, M; Lingwall, Brent

    2012-11-28

    Polycrstalline diamond (PCD) bearings were designed, fabricated and tested for marine-hydro-kinetic (MHK) application. Bearing efficiency and life were evaluated using the US Synthetic bearing test facility. Three iterations of design, build and test were conducted to arrive at the best bearing design. In addition life testing that simulated the starting and stopping and the loading of real MHK applications were performed. Results showed polycrystalline diamond bearings are well suited for MHK applications and that diamond bearing technology is TRL4 ready. Based on life tests results bearing life is estimated to be at least 11.5 years. A calculation method for evaluating the performance of diamond bearings of round geometry was also investigated and developed. Finally, as part of this effort test bearings were supplied free of charge to the University of Alaska for further evaluation. The University of Alaska test program will subject the diamond bearings to sediment laden lubricating fluid.

  16. URBAN FORM AND LIFE-CYCLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION:1 CASE STUDIES AT THE CITY SCALE2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    1 URBAN FORM AND LIFE-CYCLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION:1 CASE STUDIES AT THE CITY SCALE2 3 Brice G. Nichols it should31 be included in planning analyses. Overall, average life-cycle per-capita energy use ranges from residential and commercial sectors are affected by density.37 38 Keywords: urban energy use, city-level scale

  17. How intimacy affects resource conceptualization 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunn, Allison L

    2001-01-01

    six separate resource classes: Love, Status, Services, Information, Goods and Money. Love is defined as an expression of affection regard, warmth, or comfort; Status is an expression of evaluative judgment which conveys high or low prestige, regard..., or esteem; Information includes advice, opinions, instruction, or enlightenment, but excludes those behaviors which could be classed as love or status; Money is any coin, currency, or token which has some standard unit of exchange value; Goods...

  18. Genomes to Life Project Quartely Report October 2004.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heffelfinger, Grant S.; Martino, Anthony; Rintoul, Mark Daniel; Geist, Al; Gorin, Andrey; Xu, Ying; Palenik, Brian

    2005-02-01

    This SAND report provides the technical progress through October 2004 of the Sandia-led project, %22Carbon Sequestration in Synechococcus Sp.: From Molecular Machines to Hierarchical Modeling,%22 funded by the DOE Office of Science Genomes to Life Program. Understanding, predicting, and perhaps manipulating carbon fixation in the oceans has long been a major focus of biological oceanography and has more recently been of interest to a broader audience of scientists and policy makers. It is clear that the oceanic sinks and sources of CO2 are important terms in the global environmental response to anthropogenic atmospheric inputs of CO2 and that oceanic microorganisms play a key role in this response. However, the relationship between this global phenomenon and the biochemical mechanisms of carbon fixation in these microorganisms is poorly understood. In this project, we will investigate the carbon sequestration behavior of Synechococcus Sp., an abundant marine cyanobacteria known to be important to environmental responses to carbon dioxide levels, through experimental and computational methods. This project is a combined experimental and computational effort with emphasis on developing and applying new computational tools and methods. Our experimental effort will provide the biology and data to drive the computational efforts and include significant investment in developing new experimental methods for uncovering protein partners, characterizing protein complexes, identifying new binding domains. We will also develop and apply new data measurement and statistical methods for analyzing microarray experiments. Computational tools will be essential to our efforts to discover and characterize the function of the molecular machines of Synechococcus. To this end, molecular simulation methods will be coupled with knowledge discovery from diverse biological data sets for high-throughput discovery and characterization of protein-protein complexes. In addition, we will develop a set of novel capabilities for inference of regulatory pathways in microbial genomes across multiple sources of information through the integration of computational and experimental technologies. These capabilities will be applied to Synechococcus regulatory pathways to characterize their interaction map and identify component proteins in these - 4 - pathways. We will also investigate methods for combining experimental and computational results with visualization and natural language tools to accelerate discovery of regulatory pathways. The ultimate goal of this effort is develop and apply new experimental and computational methods needed to generate a new level of understanding of how the Synechococcus genome affects carbon fixation at the global scale. Anticipated experimental and computational methods will provide ever-increasing insight about the individual elements and steps in the carbon fixation process, however relating an organism's genome to its cellular response in the presence of varying environments will require systems biology approaches. Thus a primary goal for this effort is to integrate the genomic data generated from experiments and lower level simulations with data from the existing body of literature into a whole cell model. We plan to accomplish this by developing and applying a set of tools for capturing the carbon fixation behavior of complex of Synechococcus at different levels of resolution. Finally, the explosion of data being produced by high-throughput experiments requires data analysis and models which are more computationally complex, more heterogeneous, and require coupling to ever increasing amounts of experimentally obtained data in varying formats. These challenges are unprecedented in high performance scientific computing and necessitate the development of a companion computational infrastructure to support this effort. More information about this project, including a copy of the original proposal, can be found at www.genomes-to-life.org Acknowledgment We want to gratefully acknowledge the contributions of the GTL Project Te

  19. Marine Studies Initiative, Oregon State University Learning Models Working Group Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    Marine Studies Initiative, Oregon State University Learning Models Working Group Report January 15, 2015 Executive Summary ­ (updated on March 19, 2015) Learning models within the Marine Studies that integrates marine literacy throughout OSU academic programs while expanding innovative marine education

  20. Marine metagenomic infrastructure services as driver for research and industrial innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bongo, Lars Ailo

    Marine metagenomic infrastructure services as driver for research and industrial innovation Lars-EBI) · Participants: ­ Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation (Portugal) ­ CCMAR ­ Center for Marine Sciences (Portugal;Marine Metagenomics · Marine genomics and metagenomics are rapidly expanding · Need customized data

  1. Life-cycle Assessment of Semiconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sarah B.

    2009-01-01

    4 Life-cycle Assessment of CMOS Logic5 Life-cycle Assessment of Flash Memory6 Life-cycle Assessment of Dynamic Random Access Memory

  2. Connectivity of West Coast Marine Sanctuaries: Tracking Sooty Shearwaters Throughout Dynamic Upwelling Ecosystems in the California Current System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harvey, James; Adams, Josh

    2013-01-01

    Conference Oregon Marine Renewable Energy Environmentalin alternative marine-based energy infrastructure off CA,

  3. Phylogenetic and chemical diversity of marine-derived actinomycetes from Southern California sediments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prieto-Davó, Alejandra

    2008-01-01

    widespread marine sediments. Antonie van Leeuwnhoek 87:continental shelf sediment. Applied and Environmentalcultured from marine sediments. Applied and environmental

  4. Phylogenetic and chemical diversity of marine-derived actinomycetes from Southern California sediments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prieto-Davó, Alejandra

    2008-01-01

    heterotrophic marine microbes utilizing energy inputs intoenergy obtained from oceanic primary production was being consumed through bacterial (marine

  5. Geothermal Life Cycle Calculator

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Sullivan, John

    2014-03-11

    This calculator is a handy tool for interested parties to estimate two key life cycle metrics, fossil energy consumption (Etot) and greenhouse gas emission (ghgtot) ratios, for geothermal electric power production. It is based solely on data developed by Argonne National Laboratory for DOE’s Geothermal Technologies office. The calculator permits the user to explore the impact of a range of key geothermal power production parameters, including plant capacity, lifetime, capacity factor, geothermal technology, well numbers and depths, field exploration, and others on the two metrics just mentioned. Estimates of variations in the results are also available to the user.

  6. Geothermal Life Cycle Calculator

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Sullivan, John

    This calculator is a handy tool for interested parties to estimate two key life cycle metrics, fossil energy consumption (Etot) and greenhouse gas emission (ghgtot) ratios, for geothermal electric power production. It is based solely on data developed by Argonne National Laboratory for DOE’s Geothermal Technologies office. The calculator permits the user to explore the impact of a range of key geothermal power production parameters, including plant capacity, lifetime, capacity factor, geothermal technology, well numbers and depths, field exploration, and others on the two metrics just mentioned. Estimates of variations in the results are also available to the user.

  7. Characterizing marine mammal stranding events along the Texas coast 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mullins, Ruth Louise

    2008-10-10

    The Texas Marine Mammal Stranding Network (TMMSN) is a valuable data resource for the marine mammal community. Limitations of funding and personnel severely impact the ability of the Network to maintain impeccable databases. ...

  8. Adaptive Management in the Marine Renewable Energy Industry Webinar...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Adaptive Management in the Marine Renewable Energy Industry Webinar Adaptive Management in the Marine Renewable Energy Industry Webinar December 10, 2015 8:30AM to 10:00AM PST As...

  9. Measurement of Oil and Gas Emissions from a Marine Seep

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leifer, Ira; Boles, J R; Luyendyk, B P

    2007-01-01

    2007, Measurement of Oil and Gas Emissions from a Marine2007, Measurement of Oil and Gas Emissions from a MarineTides and the emission of oil and gas from an abandoned oil

  10. Comparative genomics reveals evidence of marine adaptation in Salinispora species.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penn, Kevin; Jensen, Paul R

    2012-01-01

    Orcutt B, et al: Ecological genomics of marine roseobacters.1037-1042. Penn and Jensen BMC Genomics 2012, 13:86 http://and Jensen: Comparative genomics reveals evidence of marine

  11. Transformations of mercury in the marine water column

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Munson, Kathleen M. (Kathleen May)

    2014-01-01

    Methylation of mercury (Hg) in the marine water column has been hypothesized to serve as the primary source of the bioaccumulating chemical species monomethylmercury (MMHg) to marine food webs. Despite decades of research ...

  12. Infrastructure for 3D model reconstruction of marine structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurniawati, Hanna

    2011-01-01

    3D model reconstruction of marine structures, such as dams, oil-rigs, and sea caves, is both important and challenging. An important application includes structural inspection. Manual inspection of marine structures is ...

  13. Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Public lecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Public lecture Seymour Marine Discovery center Free with admission to the Seymour center ($6 Adults / $4 Students or Seniors) Free ADMISSION for Seymour center

  14. Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Science Sunday

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    100% Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Science Sunday Public lecture Seymour Marine Discovery with admission to the Seymour center ($6 Adults / $4 Students or Seniors) Free ADMISSION for Seymour center

  15. Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Science Sunday

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Science Sunday Public lecture Seymour Marine Discovery center to the Seymour center ($8 Adults / $6 Students or Seniors) Free ADMISSION for Seymour Center Members and UC Santa

  16. Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Projects, Fiscal Years 2008-2014

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-03-24

    This report covers the Wind and Water Power Technologies Office's Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Projects from 2008 to 2014.

  17. MARINE KELP: ENERGY RESOURCE IN THE COASTAL ZONE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritschard, Ronald L.

    2014-01-01

    scrubber, as well as from other phases of processing/conversion, is also unknown. However, since marine

  18. Marine and Hydrokinetic | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5TransportManitouChangeMarcMarine andMarine and

  19. Biosorption of Lead and Nickel by Biomass of Marine Algae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volesky, Bohumil

    Biosorption of Lead and Nickel by Biomass of Marine Algae Z.R. Holan and B. Volesky" Department 22, 1993 Screening tests of different marine algae biomass types revealed a high passive biosorptive uptake of lead up to 270 mg Pb/g of biomass in some brown marine algae. Members of the order Fucales

  20. Transdisciplinary graduate education in marine resource science and management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, John D.

    Transdisciplinary graduate education in marine resource science and management Lorenzo Ciannelli1, J., Heppell, S., Conway, F., and Chigbu, P. Transdisciplinary graduate education in marine resource educational needs for science and policy in marine resource management, and we propose a way to address them

  1. TECHNICAL CERTIFICATE -MARINE DIESEL MECHANICS Lewisporte -April 16, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deYoung, Brad

    TECHNICAL CERTIFICATE - MARINE DIESEL MECHANICS Lewisporte - April 16, 2012 March 19, 2012 Monday - Lewisporte April 30, 2012 Monday Last date for Marine Diesel Mechanics students to register or add courses Last date for Marine Diesel Mechanics students to drop courses and receive 100% refund of tuition fees

  2. Paenibacillus oceanisediminis sp. nov. isolated from marine sediment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bae, Jin-Woo

    Paenibacillus oceanisediminis sp. nov. isolated from marine sediment Jina Lee,1 Na-Ri Shin,1 Mi from marine sediment collected from the South Korean coast. The organism grew optimally under. Strain L10T was isolated from a marine sediment sample collected from a cage-cultured ark clam farm

  3. Tropicimonas sediminicola sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bae, Jin-Woo

    Tropicimonas sediminicola sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment Na-Ri Shin,1 Seong Woon Roh,1 Min-motile, rod-shaped bacterium, strain M97T , was isolated from marine sediment of a cage-cultured ark clam farm of bacteria, a marine sediment sample collected from a cage-cultured ark clam farm was serially diluted

  4. The Production of Non-Methane Hydrocarbons by Marine Plankton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Production of Non-Methane Hydrocarbons by Marine Plankton Stephanie Lyn Shaw Center for Global://web.mit.edu/cgcs/ Printed on recycled paper #12;1 The Production of Non-Methane Hydrocarbons by Marine Plankton by Stephanie of Non-Methane Hydrocarbons by Marine Plankton by Stephanie Lyn Shaw Submitted to the Department of Earth

  5. Method for disconnecting a marine drilling riser assembly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beynet, P.A.

    1990-03-27

    This patent describes a method for disconnecting a marine riser assembly extending from a surface facility to a subsea wellhead. The marine riser assembly comprising a marine riser connected to a subsea wellhead utilizing a wellhead connector having an internal shoulder positioned above an upper edge of the subsea wellhead and having connector dogs for releaseably connecting the wellhead connector to the subsea wellhead.

  6. MARINE CONTROLLED SOURCE ELECTROMAGNETICS: PRINCIPLES, METHODOLOGIES, FUTURE COMMERCIAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Key, Kerry

    community, from the earth scientist to the investment manager, has surely recognized the recent surge, exploration, gas hydrate, investment, marine, petroleum 1. Academic and Commercial In their review of marine and the subsequent production of oil. However, there are marine geological terranes in which the interpretation

  7. Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Science Sunday

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Science Sunday Public lecture Seymour Marine Discovery center Free with admission to the Seymour center ($8 Adults / $6 Students or Seniors) Free ADMISSION for Seymour center Members,the Marine Mammal center Members with valid membership card, and uc Santa cruz

  8. Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Science Sunday

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Science Sunday Public lecture Seymour Marine Discovery center, beautiful Whales is available in the Seymour Marine Discovery Center's Ocean Discovery Shop. He will be available to sign copies of his book immediately after his talk. Free with admission to the Seymour center

  9. Name __________________ Exploring Marine Science at the Seymour Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Name __________________ Exploring Marine Science at the Seymour Center Green Pod Page 1 of 3 (5 __________ANSWER KEY________ Exploring Marine Science at the Seymour Center Green Pod Page 2 of 3 (5/09) "Why________ Exploring Marine Science at the Seymour Center Green Pod Page 3 of 3 (5/09) "Why is Science Important

  10. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser Vol. 382: 211­219, 2009 doi: 10.3354/meps07997 Published April 30 INTRODUCTION Seabirds play critical roles in the transfer of energy and nutrients within marine ecosystems and also between marine and terrestrial ecosystems. Despite decades of intensive study

  11. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Marine flooding event in continental Triassic facies identified

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benton, Michael

    representing a high-energy event and records exceptional marine flooding in a distal fluvial environmentORIGINAL ARTICLE Marine flooding event in continental Triassic facies identified by a nothosaur Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013 Abstract Sudden marine flooding within otherwise con- tinental

  12. Marine Chemical Ecology: A Science Born of Scuba

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawlik, Joseph

    Marine Chemical Ecology: A Science Born of Scuba Joseph R. Pawlik, Charles D.Amsler, Raphael Ritson chemists have been interested in the novel chemical structures and biological activities of marine natural by diverse marine organisms. Chemi- cal ecology, the study of the natural ecological functions

  13. Biology and Marine Biology Research Areas and Assistantship Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    1 Biology and Marine Biology Research Areas and Assistantship Application Name: LAST FIRST MIDDLE and Marine Biology faculty members will accept graduate students to work in the general research areas listed Next Page Revised 3/08 850 #12;2 Biology and Marine Biology Statement of Interest Statement of Interest

  14. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser Vol. 311: 273­283, 2006 Published April 13 scales in biodiversity-based research: challenges and solutions for marine systems Shahid Naeem York, New York 10027, USA ABSTRACT: As in terrestrial biodiversity, human influences over marine

  15. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Queensland, University of

    MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser Vol. 295: 201­213, 2005 Published June 23 INTRODUCTION Due to the ongoing direct depletion of the world's marine resources as well as the indirect effects of fish- ing, no-take marine reserves are being promoted as an ecosystem-level management tool. No

  16. 2030 SE Marine Science Drive Newport, Oregon 973665-5296

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    2030 SE Marine Science Drive Newport, Oregon 973665-5296 Telephone 541-867-0100 Fax 541-867-0138 Web Page http://hmsc.oregonstate.edu Oregon State University Hatfield Marine Science Center 2006.....................................2 Coastal Oregon Marine Experiment Station...........................2 OSU-COMES Seafood Research

  17. Marine conservation in nonprofits: An analysis of advocacy and outreach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marine conservation in nonprofits: An analysis of advocacy and outreach campaigns. by Kyle Bruce of Thesis: Marine conservation in nonprofits: An analysis of advocacy and outreach campaigns. Examining-building around marine conservation issues, evidence suggests society has pushed itself past planetary boundaries

  18. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morel, François M. M.

    MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser Vol. 236: 37­43, 2002 Published July 3 the CO2 responses of marine phytoplankton despite the established importance of these organisms poten- tially limit the growth of large marine diatoms (Riebe- sell et al. 1993), while recent field

  19. National Marine Fisheries Service Alaska Region Protected Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    National Marine Fisheries Service Alaska Region Protected Resources Juneau, Alaska Fishermen may incidentally (unintentionally) take marine mammals in the course of commer- cial fishing operations, provided they have been issued the appropriate exemptions. However, the intentional lethal take of any marine mam

  20. IMPLEMENTING MARINE PROTECTED AREAS POLICY: LESSONS FROM CANADA AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    i IMPLEMENTING MARINE PROTECTED AREAS POLICY: LESSONS FROM CANADA AND AUSTRALIA by Jodi Stark B: Implementing Marine Protected Areas Policy: Lessons From Canada And Australia Report No. 369 Examining oceans management, and include strategies for establishing a system of marine protected areas (MPAs

  1. Key Title Marine Ecology www.wiley.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wall, Diana

    Key Title Marine Ecology www.wiley.com Antarctic Ecosystems: An Extreme Environment in a Changing their genomes. Chapters address both Antarctic terrestrial and marine ecosystems, and the scientific and evolution Part II: Marine habitats and regions Chapter 4. The impact of regional climate change

  2. Marine Electromagnetic Studies of Seafloor Resources and Tectonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Key, Kerry

    Marine Electromagnetic Studies of Seafloor Resources and Tectonics Kerry Key Received: 3 December been a period of rapid growth for marine electromagnetic (EM) methods, predominantly due. This growth is illustrated by a database of marine EM publications spanning from the early developments

  3. NEW MARINE MEMBERS OF THE GENUS HEMISELMIS (CRYPTOMONADALES, CRYPTOPHYCEAE)1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lane, Chris

    NEW MARINE MEMBERS OF THE GENUS HEMISELMIS (CRYPTOMONADALES, CRYPTOPHYCEAE)1 Christopher E. Lane2 two species until 1967, when Butcher described seven new marine species mainly on the basis applying his classification and validating many of his species. As a result, marine strains are often

  4. Monitoring Marine Environments using a Team of Heterogeneous Robots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dudek, Gregory

    1 Monitoring Marine Environments using a Team of Heterogeneous Robots Yogesh Girdhar1, Anqi Xu1, Gregory Dudek1 Abstract--We present a novel approach for monitoring marine environments by a team supervisor to plan for further exploration. I. INTRODUCTION Monitoring marine environments is a challenging

  5. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Queensland, University of

    MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser Vol. 253: 25­38, 2003 Published May 15 INTRODUCTION Marine protected areas are riding the wave of ocean governance reform (Kelleher 1997, Allison et component for the ecologically sustainable use of marine resources. Where such reform processes are grounded

  6. Friends of Long Marine Lab's Annual Whale of an Auction, a Benefit for the Seymour Marine Discovery Center, set for Saturday, June 20

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Friends of Long Marine Lab's Annual Whale of an Auction, a Benefit for the Seymour Marine Discovery crucial support for the Seymour Marine Discovery Center, the community education hub at Long Marine Lab in Santa Cruz. Although part of UCSC's marine science campus, the Seymour Center remains primarily self

  7. Special Section --Marine Controlled-Source Electromagnetic Methods 2D marine controlled-source electromagnetic modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Key, Kerry

    recorded by receivers will vary, depending on the electrical conductivity struc- ture of the underlying increase in the number of marine CSEM data sets collected worldwide, the need for improved interpretational of Exploration Geophysicists. All rights reserv

  8. MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE, 19(3):515-528 (July2003) 02003 by the Society for Marine Mammalogy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fish, Frank

    MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE, 19(3):515-528 (July2003) 02003 by the Society for Marine Mammalogy;. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .- - . . . . . . . . . . _ _ . . _ 5 16 MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE, VOL. 19,NO.3, 2003 Animals that swim by body and caudal fin propulsion require no additional energy to provide stability and are largely a function of body morphology (Fish 2002

  9. MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE, 23(3): 707714 (July 2007) C 2007 by the Society for Marine Mammalogy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fish, Frank

    MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE, 23(3): 707­714 (July 2007) C 2007 by the Society for Marine Mammalogy DOI to the resistance of swimming. The high energy demands of rapid swimming require minimization of the resistive out radially (Fig. 2). The combined vertical velocity 707 #12;708 MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE, VOL. 23, NO

  10. A new reef marine reserve in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A new reef marine reserve in the southern Arabian Gulf ­ Jebel Ali (Dubai, United Arab Emirates) Just in time to make a major contribution to IYOR, Dubai municipality (United Arab Emirates) declared. It is directly adjacent to the Jebel Ali freezone and port, the biggest man-made, dredged port in the world. Over

  11. Marine Fisheries 50th Anniversary Issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laboratory Robert L. Edwards 13 The MBL and the Fisheries-A Century of Cooperation in Woods Hole Paul R Address II Thomas A. Fulham 61 Rededication Address III William G. Gordon 62 Rededication Address IV Baird and the Foundations of American Marine Science Dean C. Allard Its Plan of Work and Accomplished

  12. Economics and Hawaii's Marine Fisheries Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economics and Hawaii's Marine Fisheries Introduction Fishing and seafood consumption permeate society in Hawaii, although neither the total volume of seafood har vesting nor the market value of sea is an integral aspect of Hawaii's culture, from traditional Polynesian uses of nearshore and reef species

  13. Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary GIS Capacity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary GIS Capacity Binder Index Background 2 Hardware, Software Report, configuration notes American Samoa Spatial Data Infrastructure Maps GIS Data CDs Operating System) #12;Compiled by Allison Graves, Nuna Technologies 2002. 2 Background A GIS presence was established

  14. UNSTRUCTURED MARINE FOOD WEBS AND "POLLUTANT ANALOGUES"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by using real data. Let us first assume that in a food web each transfer of organic material (or energyUNSTRUCTURED MARINE FOOD WEBS AND "POLLUTANT ANALOGUES" JOHN D. ISAACS' ABSTRACT The several envi- ronments. The concentration factor found in the known and describable food chain of the Salton

  15. Marine Pollution in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hilderbrand, Robert H.

    Marine Pollution in the United States Prepared for the Pew Oceans Commission by Donald F. Boesch Abstract ii I. Introduction 1 II. Reductions of Pollution 4 Municipal and Industrial Discharges 4 Vessel Discharges 7 Ocean Dumping 8 Diffuse Sources of Pollution 11 III. The Challenge of Toxic Contaminants 15

  16. Marine microbial diversity: can it be determined?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marine microbial diversity: can it be determined? Carlos Pedro´ s-Alio´ Institut de Cie`ncies del of magnitude for the total number of microbial species on Earth range from 103 to 109 . Despite global as the recently discovered photoheter- otrophy in the sea) that force a re-evaluation of carbon and energy fluxes

  17. BIOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS IN MARINE ENCLOSURE EXPERIMENTS: CHALLENGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oviatt, Candace

    are sufficiently deep to allow thermal and salinity stratification to be simulated. Experiments can therefore be conducted on marine systems exhibiting different degrees of stratification. Sea water can flow constantly of experiment uses manipula- tion in which some physical variable is changed, e.g., stratification, mixing

  18. Authors, Titles, and Subjects in the Marine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    :97 Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission (ASMFC), 4:46 Atomic Energy Commission, U.S., 4:165 Azarovitz Fullerton, 4:13, 19, 31, 49, 60, 62,66, 72, 111, 174 biography, 4:124 Commissioner of U.S. Commission

  19. Authors, Titles, and Subjects in the Marine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    pelagic longline fishery, 1960­2000," by Joseph E. Serafy, Guillermo A. Diaz, Eric D. Prince, Eric S length for measuring west coast marine fishes," by Reina G. Kahn, Donald E. Pearson, and Edward J. Dick.--see Serafy et al. Dick, Edward J.--see Kahn et al. Dobrzynski, Tanya--see Benaka and Dobrzynski Dolphin long

  20. MARINE RESEARCH Volume 66, Number 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Journal of MARINE RESEARCH Volume 66, Number 1 Mean energy balance in the tropical Pacific Ocean requires energy input from the wind. Previous studies estimate that the mean rate of wind work (or wind global energy input into the ocean circulation, it is also critical in maintaining the east-west tilt

  1. Marine Fisheries Mackerel Cove, Maine, photo-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mining Rules, Outstanding NMFS Papers Selected, McManus Is Named, and Florida Coast Program 22 090-080) is pulr lished monthly by the Scientific Publications Office, National Marine Fisheries subscriptions are sold by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402

  2. Experts Offer Marines Energy-Efficiency Advice

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    As an early adopter of cutting-edge technologies, the United States military is pioneering energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies in the field. Recently, the Commandant of the United States Marine Corps sent a team to visit bases and camps in Afghanistan to assess and make recommendations on the supply and use of energy and water.

  3. HURRICANE PREPAREDNESS PLAN NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 HURRICANE PREPAREDNESS PLAN NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE SOUTHEAST FISHERIES SCIENCE CENTER in the event of an evacuation. June 2015 #12;2 HURRICANE PREPAREDNESS PLAN - GALVESTON LABORATORY I. GENERAL INFORMATION A. Purpose This plan identifies actions to be carried out during various phases of the hurricane

  4. Diverting the Colorado River leads to a dramatic life history shift in an endangered marine fish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Leah R.

    Sustentable del Estado de Sonora, Mexico c Department of Biology, Arizona State University, USA d Centro de

  5. Harnessing Museum Resources for the Census of Marine Life: The FISHNET Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vieglais, David A.; Wiley, Edward O.; Robins, C. Richard; Peterson, A. Townsend

    2000-01-01

    l l l l l l l l l l l11 I I I ~ i i I I I rTI II \\ [ I I i l l foedt°theclientc°mputerinavarie~°frmats: HTML, XML,- tab-dehmded'~'~ . . . . . . . . . . . E ~ 1111 t l l ~ ~ ( r iG V), Excel spread ,heet$, and shape " - lesfor GIS... Information System (ITIS), GenBank, and the Zoological Record. In addi- tion, the user has a number of options for downloading data; as HTML files, Excel '~' files, text delimited files, and GIS shapefiles for use in applications such as ExceF and ESRI...

  6. Can Environmental Factors Affect Half-Life in Beta-Decay? An Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodwin, John 1953-

    2013-01-16

    Early in the history of the field of nuclear science, experiments were performed to ascertain whether the half-lives of the radioactive substances being studied – isotopes then called the “radium emanation” [222Rn], “radium A” [218Po], “radium B...

  7. Nanotechnology for Life Sciences Vol. 4: Nanodevices for Life Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hancock, William O.

    Nanotechnology for Life Sciences Vol. 4: Nanodevices for Life Sciences Protein-based nanotechnology such as semiconductors into functional materials.11,12 Another example of protein based nanotechnology is the push in nanotechnology18,19 and on applications of kinesin motors in microscale transport.4 Finally, there is a paralle

  8. Annotated bibliography: Marine geologic hazards of the Hawaiian Islands with special focus on submarine slides and turbidity currents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Normark, W.R.; Herring, H.H.

    1993-10-01

    This annotated bibliography was compiled to highlight the submarine geology of the Hawaiian Islands and identify known and potential marine geologic hazards with special emphasis on turbidity currents, submarine slides and tsunamis. Some references are included that are not specific to Hawaii but are needed to understand the geologic processes that can affect the integrity of submarine cables and other man-made structures. Entries specific to the Hawaiian Island area are shown in bold type.

  9. Marine algae and land plants share conserved phytochrome signaling systems

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Duanmu, Deqiang; Bachy, Charles; Sudek, Sebastian; Wong, Chee -Hong; Jimenez, Valeria; Rockwell, Nathan C.; Martin, Shelley S.; Ngan, Chew Yee; Reistetter, Emily N.; van Baren, Marijke J.; et al

    2014-09-29

    Phytochrome photosensors control a vast gene network in streptophyte plants, acting as master regulators of diverse growth and developmental processes throughout the life cycle. In contrast with their absence in known chlorophyte algal genomes and most sequenced prasinophyte algal genomes, a phytochrome is found in Micromonas pusilla, a widely distributed marine picoprasinophyte (more »phytochrome in the common progenitor of green algae and land plants. These analyses reveal a monophyletic clade containing streptophyte, prasinophyte, cryptophyte, and glaucophyte phytochromes implying an origin in the eukaryotic ancestor of the Archaeplastida. Transcriptomic measurements reveal diurnal regulation of phytochrome and bilin chromophore biosynthetic genes in Micromonas. The expression of these genes precedes both light-mediated phytochrome redistribution from the cytoplasm to the nucleus and increased expression of photosynthesis-associated genes. Prasinophyte phytochromes perceive wavelengths of light transmitted farther through seawater than the red/far-red light sensed by land plant phytochromes. Prasinophyte phytochromes also retain light-regulated histidine kinase activity lost in the streptophyte phytochrome lineage. Our studies demonstrate that light-mediated nuclear translocation of phytochrome predates the emergence of land plants and likely represents a widespread signaling mechanism in unicellular algae.« less

  10. Marine algae and land plants share conserved phytochrome signaling systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duanmu, Deqiang; Bachy, Charles; Sudek, Sebastian; Wong, Chee -Hong; Jimenez, Valeria; Rockwell, Nathan C.; Martin, Shelley S.; Ngan, Chew Yee; Reistetter, Emily N.; van Baren, Marijke J.; Price, Dana C.; Wei, Chia -Lin; Reyes-Prieto, Adrian; Lagarias, J. Clark; Worden, Alexandra Z.

    2014-09-29

    Phytochrome photosensors control a vast gene network in streptophyte plants, acting as master regulators of diverse growth and developmental processes throughout the life cycle. In contrast with their absence in known chlorophyte algal genomes and most sequenced prasinophyte algal genomes, a phytochrome is found in Micromonas pusilla, a widely distributed marine picoprasinophyte (<2 µm cell diameter). Together with phytochromes identified from other prasinophyte lineages, we establish that prasinophyte and streptophyte phytochromes share core light-input and signaling-output domain architectures except for the loss of C-terminal response regulator receiver domains in the streptophyte phytochrome lineage. Phylogenetic reconstructions robustly support the presence of phytochrome in the common progenitor of green algae and land plants. These analyses reveal a monophyletic clade containing streptophyte, prasinophyte, cryptophyte, and glaucophyte phytochromes implying an origin in the eukaryotic ancestor of the Archaeplastida. Transcriptomic measurements reveal diurnal regulation of phytochrome and bilin chromophore biosynthetic genes in Micromonas. The expression of these genes precedes both light-mediated phytochrome redistribution from the cytoplasm to the nucleus and increased expression of photosynthesis-associated genes. Prasinophyte phytochromes perceive wavelengths of light transmitted farther through seawater than the red/far-red light sensed by land plant phytochromes. Prasinophyte phytochromes also retain light-regulated histidine kinase activity lost in the streptophyte phytochrome lineage. Our studies demonstrate that light-mediated nuclear translocation of phytochrome predates the emergence of land plants and likely represents a widespread signaling mechanism in unicellular algae.

  11. Science Sunday at the Seymour CenterLife and Death on the Central Coast: Thriving elephant seals and declining sea lions--what's going on?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Science Sunday at the Seymour Center­­Life and Death on the Central Coast: Thriving elephant seals and declining sea lions--what's going on? Santa Cruz, CA--The Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab kicks-off Science Sunday on February 21 at 1:00 PM. Science Sunday at the Seymour Center is a new monthly science

  12. Life Choices Student Survey Items

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltisberger, Jay H.

    by Topical Area: Life Choices Berea-Specific Entering Survey, Fall Term First-Year Students and New Transfers for life-long learning Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP), Entering Fall Term Students 2012, Historical Trends) Please indicate the extent to which each of the following describe you Searching

  13. --SOILS SUSTAIN LIFE --SOIL SCIENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarthy, John F.

    -- SOILS SUSTAIN LIFE -- SOIL SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA 677 South Segoe Road · Madison WI 53711 a PDF file only for $100. TOTAL: $ Invoice no. Shipping (to be added) $ * If you have a subscription;-- SOILS SUSTAIN LIFE -- SOIL SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA 677 South Segoe Road · Madison WI 53711 · (608

  14. CONSTRUCTING VIRTUAL HUMAN LIFE SIMULATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kallmann, Marcelo

    , Virtual Environments, Behavioral Animation, Object Interaction, Python. 1. INTRODUCTION Virtual humanCONSTRUCTING VIRTUAL HUMAN LIFE SIMULATIONS Marcelo Kallmann, Etienne de Sevin and Daniel Thalmann human life simulations. Our main goal is to have virtual human actors living and working autonomously

  15. Life Cycle Asset Management

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1998-10-14

    (The following directives are deleted or consolidated into this Order and shall be phased out as noted in Paragraph 2: DOE 1332.1A; DOE 4010.1A; DOE 4300.1C; DOE 4320.1B; DOE 4320.2A; DOE 4330.4B; DOE 4330.5; DOE 4540.1C; DOE 4700.1). This Order supersedes specific project management provisions within DOE O 430.1A, LIFE CYCLE ASSET MANAGEMENT. The specific paragraphs canceled by this Order are 6e(7); 7a(3); 7b(11) and (14); 7c(4),(6),(7),(11), and (16); 7d(4) and (8); 7e(3),(10), and (17); Attachment 1, Definitions (item 30 - Line Item Project, item 42 - Project, item 48 - Strategic System); and Attachment 2, Contractor Requirements Document (paragraph 1d regarding a project management system). The remainder of DOE O 430.1A remains in effect. Cancels DOE O 430.1. Canceled by DOE O 413.3.

  16. 4, 30553085, 2007 Winter climate affects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    HESSD 4, 3055­3085, 2007 Winter climate affects long-term trends in stream water nitrate H. A. de and Earth System Sciences Winter climate affects long-term trends in stream water nitrate in acid Winter climate affects long-term trends in stream water nitrate H. A. de Wit et al. Title Page Abstract

  17. Workshop to develop deep-life continental scientific drilling projects

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kieft, T. L.; Onstott, T. C.; Ahonen, L.; Aloisi, V.; Colwell, F. S.; Engelen, B.; Fendrihan, S.; Gaidos, E.; Harms, U.; Head, I.; et al

    2015-05-29

    The International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP) has long espoused studies of deep subsurface life, and has targeted fundamental questions regarding subsurface life, including the following: "(1) What is the extent and diversity of deep microbial life and what are the factors limiting it? (2) What are the types of metabolism/carbon/energy sources and the rates of subsurface activity? (3) How is deep microbial life adapted to subsurface conditions? (4) How do subsurface microbial communities affect energy resources? And (5) how does the deep biosphere interact with the geosphere and atmosphere?" (Horsfield et al., 2014) Many ICDP-sponsored drilling projects have includedmore »a deep-life component; however, to date, not one project has been driven by deep-life goals, in part because geomicrobiologists have been slow to initiate deep biosphere-driven ICDP projects. Therefore, the Deep Carbon Observatory (DCO) recently partnered with the ICDP to sponsor a workshop with the specific aim of gathering potential proponents for deep-life-driven ICDP projects and ideas for candidate drilling sites. Twenty-two participants from nine countries proposed projects and sites that included compressional and extensional tectonic environments, evaporites, hydrocarbon-rich shales, flood basalts, Precambrian shield rocks, subglacial and subpermafrost environments, active volcano–tectonic systems, megafan deltas, and serpentinizing ultramafic environments. The criteria and requirements for successful ICDP applications were presented. Deep-life-specific technical requirements were discussed and it was concluded that, while these procedures require adequate planning, they are entirely compatible with the sampling needs of other disciplines. As a result of this workshop, one drilling workshop proposal on the Basin and Range Physiographic Province (BRPP) has been submitted to the ICDP, and several other drilling project proponents plan to submit proposals for ICDP-sponsored drilling workshops in 2016.« less

  18. Workshop to develop deep-life continental scientific drilling projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kieft, T. L.; Onstott, T. C.; Ahonen, L.; Aloisi, V.; Colwell, F. S.; Engelen, B.; Fendrihan, S.; Gaidos, E.; Harms, U.; Head, I.; Kallmeyer, J.; Kiel Reese, B.; Lin, L.-H.; Long, P. E.; Moser, D. P.; Mills, H.; Sar, P.; Schulze-Makuch, D.; Stan-Lotter, H.; Wagner, D.; Wang, P.-L.; Westall, F.; Wilkins, M. J.

    2015-05-29

    The International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP) has long espoused studies of deep subsurface life, and has targeted fundamental questions regarding subsurface life, including the following: "(1) What is the extent and diversity of deep microbial life and what are the factors limiting it? (2) What are the types of metabolism/carbon/energy sources and the rates of subsurface activity? (3) How is deep microbial life adapted to subsurface conditions? (4) How do subsurface microbial communities affect energy resources? And (5) how does the deep biosphere interact with the geosphere and atmosphere?" (Horsfield et al., 2014) Many ICDP-sponsored drilling projects have included a deep-life component; however, to date, not one project has been driven by deep-life goals, in part because geomicrobiologists have been slow to initiate deep biosphere-driven ICDP projects. Therefore, the Deep Carbon Observatory (DCO) recently partnered with the ICDP to sponsor a workshop with the specific aim of gathering potential proponents for deep-life-driven ICDP projects and ideas for candidate drilling sites. Twenty-two participants from nine countries proposed projects and sites that included compressional and extensional tectonic environments, evaporites, hydrocarbon-rich shales, flood basalts, Precambrian shield rocks, subglacial and subpermafrost environments, active volcano–tectonic systems, megafan deltas, and serpentinizing ultramafic environments. The criteria and requirements for successful ICDP applications were presented. Deep-life-specific technical requirements were discussed and it was concluded that, while these procedures require adequate planning, they are entirely compatible with the sampling needs of other disciplines. As a result of this workshop, one drilling workshop proposal on the Basin and Range Physiographic Province (BRPP) has been submitted to the ICDP, and several other drilling project proponents plan to submit proposals for ICDP-sponsored drilling workshops in 2016.

  19. On the identification and mitigation of life-limiting mechanisms of ionic liquid ion sources envisaged for propulsion of microspacecraft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brikner, Natalya Anna

    2015-01-01

    Life-limiting processes affecting ionic liquid ion sources (ILIS) are investigated in this research, motivated by the development of ILIS for propulsion of microspacecraft and other industrial applications. Micropropulsion ...

  20. Genomes to life project quarterly report June 2004.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heffelfinger, Grant S.

    2005-01-01

    This SAND report provides the technical progress through June 2004 of the Sandia-led project, ''Carbon Sequestration in Synechococcus Sp.: From Molecular Machines to Hierarchical Modeling'', funded by the DOE Office of Science Genomes to Life Program. Understanding, predicting, and perhaps manipulating carbon fixation in the oceans has long been a major focus of biological oceanography and has more recently been of interest to a broader audience of scientists and policy makers. It is clear that the oceanic sinks and sources of CO{sub 2} are important terms in the global environmental response to anthropogenic atmospheric inputs of CO{sub 2} and that oceanic microorganisms play a key role in this response. However, the relationship between this global phenomenon and the biochemical mechanisms of carbon fixation in these microorganisms is poorly understood. In this project, we will investigate the carbon sequestration behavior of Synechococcus Sp., an abundant marine cyanobacteria known to be important to environmental responses to carbon dioxide levels, through experimental and computational methods. This project is a combined experimental and computational effort with emphasis on developing and applying new computational tools and methods. Our experimental effort will provide the biology and data to drive the computational efforts and include significant investment in developing new experimental methods for uncovering protein partners, characterizing protein complexes, identifying new binding domains. We will also develop and apply new data measurement and statistical methods for analyzing microarray experiments. Computational tools will be essential to our efforts to discover and characterize the function of the molecular machines of Synechococcus. To this end, molecular simulation methods will be coupled with knowledge discovery from diverse biological data sets for high-throughput discovery and characterization of protein-protein complexes. In addition, we will develop a set of novel capabilities for inference of regulatory pathways in microbial genomes across multiple sources of information through the integration of computational and experimental technologies. These capabilities will be applied to Synechococcus regulatory pathways to characterize their interaction map and identify component proteins in these pathways. We will also investigate methods for combining experimental and computational results with visualization and natural language tools to accelerate discovery of regulatory pathways. The ultimate goal of this effort is develop and apply new experimental and computational methods needed to generate a new level of understanding of how the Synechococcus genome affects carbon fixation at the global scale. Anticipated experimental and computational methods will provide ever-increasing insight about the individual elements and steps in the carbon fixation process, however relating an organism's genome to its cellular response in the presence of varying environments will require systems biology approaches. Thus a primary goal for this effort is to integrate the genomic data generated from experiments and lower level simulations with data from the existing body of literature into a whole cell model. We plan to accomplish this by developing and applying a set of tools for capturing the carbon fixation behavior of complex of Synechococcus at different levels of resolution. Finally, the explosion of data being produced by high-throughput experiments requires data analysis and models which are more computationally complex, more heterogeneous, and require coupling to ever increasing amounts of experimentally obtained data in varying formats. These challenges are unprecedented in high performance scientific computing and necessitate the development of a companion computational infrastructure to support this effort.

  1. Cruel Seas: World War 2 Merchant Marine-Related Nautical Fiction from the 1930s to Present

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krummes, Daniel C

    2015-01-01

    Seas : World War 2 merchant marine related nautical fictionWorld War 2 merchant marine related nautical fiction "Seas : World War 2 merchant marine related nautical fiction

  2. Seoul Marine Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/ColoradoRemsenburg-Speonk,SageScheucoSedcoInformationManor,OpenSentech Inc JumpMarine

  3. Evolution of Life on Earth EVOLUTION OF LIFE ON EARTH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirley, Yancy

    from inorganic precursors on the primitive Earth. Energy input could have taken many forms. #12;Types of evidence of early life · MICROFOSSILS: preserved remains of microbial bodies · STROMATOLITES: preserved remains of microbial activities · ISOTOPIC FRACTIONATIONS: preserved remains of microbial metabolism

  4. Top marine predators track Lagrangian coherent structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Tew Kai; V. Rossi; J. Sudre; H. Weimerskirch; C. Lopez; E. Hernandez-Garcia; F. Marsac; V. Garcon

    2009-04-13

    Meso- and submesoscales (fronts, eddies, filaments) in surface ocean flow have a crucial influence on marine ecosystems. Their dynamics partly control the foraging behaviour and the displacement of marine top predators (tuna, birds, turtles, and cetaceans). In this work we focus on the role of submesoscale structures in the Mozambique Channel on the distribution of a marine predator, the Great Frigatebird. Using a newly developed dynamical concept, namely the Finite-Size Lyapunov Exponent (FSLE), we have identified Lagrangian coherent structures (LCSs) present in the surface flow in the Channel over a 2-month observation period (August and September 2003). By comparing seabirds' satellite positions with LCSs locations, we demonstrate that frigatebirds track precisely these structures in the Mozambique Channel, providing the first evidence that a top predator is able to track these FSLE ridges to locate food patches. After comparing bird positions during long and short trips, and different parts of these trips, we propose several hypotheses to understand how frigatebirds can follow these LCSs. The birds might use visual and/or olfactory cues and/or atmospheric current changes over the structures to move along these biological corridors. The birds being often associated to tuna schools around foraging areas, a thorough comprehension of their foraging behaviour and movement during the breeding season is crucial not only to seabirds' ecology but also to an appropriate ecosystemic approach of fisheries in the Channel.

  5. Marine Hydrokinetic Turbine Power-Take-Off Design for Optimal Performance and Low Impact on Cost-of-Energy: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beam, M.; Kline, B.; Elbing, B.; Straka, W.; Fontaine, A.; Lawson, M.; Li, Y.; Thresher, R.; Previsic, M.

    2012-04-01

    Marine hydrokinetic devices are becoming a popular method for generating marine renewable energy worldwide. These devices generate electricity by converting the kinetic energy of moving water, wave motion or currents, into electrical energy through the use of a Power-Take-Off (PTO) system. Most PTO systems incorporate a mechanical or hydraulic drive train, power generator and electric control/conditioning system to deliver the generated electric power to the grid at the required state. Like wind turbine applications, the PTO system must be designed for high reliability, good efficiency, and long service life with reasonable maintenance requirements, low cost and an appropriate mechanical design for anticipated applied steady and unsteady loads. The ultimate goal of a PTO design is high efficiency, low maintenance and cost with a low impact on the device Cost-of-Energy (CoE).

  6. Marine Hydrokinetic Turbine Power-Take-Off Design for Optimal Performance and Low Impact on Cost-of-Energy: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beam, M.; Kline, B.; Elbing, B.; Straka, W.; Fontaine, A.; Lawson, M.; Li, Y.; Thresher, R.; Previsic, M.

    2013-02-01

    Marine hydrokinetic devices are becoming a popular method for generating marine renewable energy worldwide. These devices generate electricity by converting the kinetic energy of moving water, wave motion or currents, into electrical energy through the use of a power-take-off (PTO) system. Most PTO systems incorporate a mechanical or hydraulic drivetrain, power generator, and electric control/conditioning system to deliver the generated electric power to the grid at the required state. Like wind turbine applications, the PTO system must be designed for high reliability, good efficiency, and long service life with reasonable maintenance requirements, low cost, and an appropriate mechanical design for anticipated applied steady and unsteady loads. The ultimate goal of a PTO design is high efficiency and low maintenance and cost, with a low impact on the device cost-of-energy (CoE).

  7. Water is vital to our community, our way of life, our children's future, and the livelihood of genera-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Water is vital to our community, our way of life, our children's future, and the livelihood water sources. If you would like to participate in decisions which may affect the quality of life meeting times and agendas. This report was prepared by the City of Bozeman Water Treatment Plant person

  8. Analytical Framework to Evaluate Emission Control Systems for Marine Engines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jayaram, Varalakshmi

    2010-01-01

    J. , Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals. March 31stfrom a large ship diesel engine. Atmos. Environ. 2009, 43 (low-speed marine diesel engine. Aerosol Sci. Technol. 2007,

  9. Marine Hybrid Propulsion Market Revenue is anticipated to Reach...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ferry operators are the major adopters of marine hybrid propulsion systems across the world. These vessels primarily operate in coastal areas and inland waterways, where emission...

  10. Hawaii Marine Base Installs Solar Roofs | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers What does this project do? Marine Corps Base Hawaii replaced roofs on two buildings with polyvinyl chloride membrane 'cool' roofs and solar...

  11. Bacterial and Protozoal Contamination of Nearshore Marine Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atwill, Rob; Conrad, Patricia A.

    2010-01-01

    Tate. Reducing microbial contamination in storm runoff fromManagement of microbial contamination in storm runoff fromBacterial and Protozoal Contamination of Nearshore Marine

  12. Whole-House Solutions Case Study: Sunnyvale Marine Climate Deep...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    floor insulation (previously lacking), replacing windows, and upgrading the heating and cooling system. Sunnyvale Marine Climate Deep Retrofit, Sunnyvale, California More...

  13. Marine & Hydrokinetic Technologies, Wind and Water Power Program...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and evaluate various technology types. Technology Development, Testing & Deployment Water Power Program projects support the marine and hydro- kinetic technology industry in its...

  14. Analytical Framework to Evaluate Emission Control Systems for Marine Engines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jayaram, Varalakshmi

    2010-01-01

    L. , Measurements of NOx Emissions and In-Service Duty CycleBiodiesel Blends on NOx Emissions. Society of Automotivemaladjustments to reduce NOx emissions by marine diesel

  15. The Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Marine Animals Webinar

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As electricity is generated at sea by marine renewable energy technologies, it must be transported back to shore through undersea cables. As electricity is transmitted through the cables,...

  16. DOE Announces Webinars on Instrumentation for Monitoring Marine...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Instrumentation for Monitoring Marine Renewable Energy Devices, Energy Efficiency in Correctional Facilities, and More DOE Announces Webinars on Instrumentation for Monitoring...

  17. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cavanaugh, Kyle

    Earth Research Institute, 2 Department of Geography, and 3 Marine Science Institute, University regions were related to wave disturbance, while kelp dynamics in sheltered regions tracked sea surface

  18. Analytical Framework to Evaluate Emission Control Systems for Marine Engines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jayaram, Varalakshmi

    2010-01-01

    engines operating with heavy fuel oils. J. Aerosol Sci 1998,from high-sulfur heavy fuel oil to lower-sulfur marineHeavy Fuel Oil .

  19. DOE Announces Webinars on Instrumentation for Monitoring Marine...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    DOE Announces Webinars on Instrumentation for Monitoring Marine Renewable Energy Devices, Energy Efficiency in Correctional Facilities, and More DOE Announces Webinars on...

  20. WAVE-INDUCED TRANSPORT PROCESS IN MARINE SEDIMENTS.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, WD; Musgrave, D; Reeburgh, WS

    1983-01-01

    interstitial water motion in sediments, Nature, 299(5881),Process in Marine Sediments W. D. HARRISON Geophysicaleffective for large sediment permeability and thickness,

  1. Sandia Energy - Biofouling Studies on Sandia's Marine Hydrokinetic...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    News News & Events Systems Analysis Materials Science Biofouling Studies on Sandia's Marine Hydrokinetic Coatings Initiated at PNNL's Sequim Bay Previous Next Biofouling Studies...

  2. Upcoming Funding Opportunity for Marine and Hydrokinetic Development...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of Energy (DOE) announced a Notice of Intent to issue a funding opportunity titled "Marine and Hydrokinetic (MHK) Research and Development University Consortium." The goal of...

  3. Funding Opportunity Announcement for a Marine and Hydrokinetic...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced a 4 million funding opportunity titled "Marine and Hydrokinetic Development University Consortium." This funding opportunity is...

  4. Sandia Energy - Biofouling Studies on Sandia's Marine Hydrokinetic...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Water Power Partnership News News & Events Biofouling Studies on Sandia's Marine Hydrokinetic (MHK) Coatings Initiated at PNNL's Sequim Bay Previous Next Biofouling...

  5. Upcoming Funding Opportunity for Competitive Marine and Hydrokinetic...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Competitive Marine and Hydrokinetic (MHK) Demonstrations at the Navy's Wave Energy Test Site (WETS)." The goal of this funding opportunity is to collect important performance and...

  6. Request for Information for Marine and Hydrokinetic Environmental...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Water Power Program is seeking feedback from the marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) industry, academia, research laboratories, government agencies, and other stakeholders regarding the...

  7. Community Ice Sheet Model (CISM2) Development and Marine Ice...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Conference: Community Ice Sheet Model (CISM2) Development and Marine Ice Sheet Simulations Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Community Ice Sheet Model (CISM2) Development...

  8. MARINE BIOMASS SYSTEM: ANAEROBIC DIGESTION AND PRODUCTION OF METHANE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haven, Kendall F.

    2011-01-01

    Design Parameters Marine Biomass Production Sea Farmof Various Types of Biomass . Biomethanation Parameters.Proceedings, Fuels from Biomass Symposium. University of

  9. Funding Opportunity Announcement for a Marine and Hydrokinetic...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Announces 7.25 Million for Projects to Advance America's Emerging Marine & Hydrokinetic Industry Energy Department Announces 10 Million for Full-Scale Wave Energy Device Testing...

  10. The Radiative Role of Free Tropospheric Aerosols and Marine Clouds...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Report: The Radiative Role of Free Tropospheric Aerosols and Marine Clouds over the Central North Atlantic Citation Details In-Document Search Title: The Radiative Role...

  11. Newsletter of the Friends of Hatfield Marine Science Center www.hmsc.oregonstate.edu/friends UpwellingUpwellingNewsletter of the Friends of Hatfield Marine Science Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with the September announcement of U.S. Department of Energy support for the Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center, based at the Oregon State University Hatfield Marine Science Center (HMSC). The new Northwest Na- tional Marine Renewable Energy Center is one of just two new DOE-funded marine renewable

  12. U.S. Department of Commerce I National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration I National Marine Fisheries Service Office of Protected Resources and the Marine Mammal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U.S. Department of Commerce I National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration I National Marine Fisheries Service Office of Protected Resources and the Marine Mammal Protection Act The Marine Mammal that significant declines in some species of marine mammals were caused by human activities. The Act established

  13. Regional Management Units for Marine Turtles: A Novel Framework for Prioritizing Conservation and Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    Regional Management Units for Marine Turtles: A Novel Framework for Prioritizing Conservation, Virginia, United States of America, 2 Global Marine Division, Conservation International, Arlington, Virginia, United States of America, 3 Center for Marine Conservation, Duke University, Beaufort, North

  14. Investigations of marine cyanobacterial secondary metabolites : isolation, structure elucidation, and synthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nunnery, Joshawna Kay

    2012-01-01

    anti-inflammatory pseudopterosins from the marine octocoralThe pseudopterosins and manoalide are examples of marine-pseudopterosins: a new class of anti-inflammatory and analgesic diterpene pentosides from the marine

  15. Exceptional Preservation and Substrate Evolution in Early Paleozoic Marine Shelfal Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarhan, Lidya

    2013-01-01

    as higher-energy, nearshore to marginal marine (Juniata,a high-energy, near-shore shallow marine environment (of high-energy flow) are consistent with a marginal marine,

  16. US Department of Energy (DOE) National Lab Activities in Marine Hydrokinetics: Scaled Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siefert, Chris

    US Department of Energy (DOE) National Lab Activities in Marine Hydrokinetics: Scaled Model Testing turbines specifically designed by the US Department of Energy for its Marine and Hydrokinetic Research. Keywords-- current energy conversion, performance testing, reference models, marine hydrokinetic

  17. Prey consumption and energy transfer by marine birds in the Gulf of Alaska

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, GL; Drew, GS; Jahncke, J; Piatt, JF

    2005-01-01

    Prey consumption and energy transfer by marine birds in thebut they do remove energy from the marine system throughTo determine energy demand by marine birds in the Gulf of

  18. Marine mammal monitoring and habitat investigations during CalCOFI surveys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soldevilla, M S; Wiggins, S M; Calambokidis, J; Douglas, A; Oleson, E M; Hildebrand, John A

    2006-01-01

    Lowry. 2005. U.S. Pacific Marine Mammal Stock Assessments:Ecol. Model. 193:645–662. MARINE MAMMAL MONITORING CalCOFIW. D. 1997. Role of marine mammals in aquatic ecosystems.

  19. Marine reserve design: optimal size, habitats, species affinities, diversity, and ocean microclimate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parnell, P Ed; Dayton, P K; Lennert-Cody, C E; Rasmussen, L L; Leichter, J J

    2006-01-01

    arti?cial reef. Bulletin of Marine Science 55(2–3):709–723.bimaculoides. Bulletin of Marine Science 49(1–2): Largier,2001. California’s living marine resources: a status report.

  20. Marine Habitat Mapping Technology Workshop for Alaska April 2-4, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Marine Habitat Mapping Technology Workshop for Alaska April 2-4, 2007 Anchorage, Alaska ABSTRACTS -- INVITED SPEAKERS --------------------------------------------------- Marine habitat mapping: What National Marine Fisheries Service Doug Woodby Chief Scientist for Commercial Fisheries, Alaska Department

  1. Methods for analyzing the concentration and speciation of major and trace elements in marine particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    Goldberg, E.D. , 1954. Marine geochemistry 1. ChemicalNorth Atlantic Ocean: A16N. Marine Chemistry, 142–144, 41-2009. The Arctic Ocean marine carbon cycle: evaluation of

  2. Environmentally Benign and Permanent Modifications to Prevent Biofouling on Marine and Hydrokinetic Devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zheng Zhang

    2012-04-19

    Semprus Biosciences is developing environmentally benign and permanent modifications to prevent biofouling on Marine and Hydrokinetic (MHK) devices. Biofouling, including growth on external surfaces by bacteria, algae, barnacles, mussels, and other marine organisms, accumulate quickly on MHK devices, causing mechanical wear and changes in performance. Biofouling on crucial components of hydrokinetic devices, such as rotors, generators, and turbines, imposes substantial mass and hydrodynamic loading with associated efficiency loss and maintenance costs. Most antifouling coatings leach toxic ingredients, such as copper and tributyltin, through an eroding process, but increasingly stringent regulation of biocides has led to interest in the development of non-biocidal technologies to control fouling. Semprus Biosciences research team is developing modifications to prevent fouling from a broad spectrum of organisms on devices of all shapes, sizes, and materials for the life of the product. The research team designed and developed betaine-based polymers as novel underwater coatings to resist the attachment of marine organisms. Different betaine-based monomers and polymers were synthesized and incorporated within various coating formulations. The formulations and application methods were developed on aluminum panels with required adhesion strength and mechanical properties. The coating polymers were chemically stable under UV, hydrolytic and oxidative environments. The sulfobetaine formulations are applicable as nonleaching and stable underwater coatings. For the first time, coating formulations modified with highly packed sulfobetaine polymers were prepared and demonstrated resistance to a broad spectrum of marine organisms. Assays for comparing nonfouling performance were developed to evaluate protein adsorption and bacteria attachment. Barnacle settlement and removal were evaluated and a 60-day field test was performed. Silicone substrates including a commercial fouling release coating were used for comparison. Compared with the unmodified silicone substrates, the sulfobetaine-modified formulations were able to exhibit a 98% reduction in fibrinogen adsorption, 97.0% (E. coli), 99.6% (S. aureus), and 99.5% (C. lytica) reduction in bacteria attachment, and 100% reduction in barnacles cyprid attachment. In addition to the significant improvement in fouling resistance of various organisms, the 60-day field test also showed an evident efficacy from visual assessment, foul rating, and fouling removal test. The research confirmed that the novel antifouling mechanism of betaine polymers provides a new avenue for marine coating development. The developed coatings out-performed currently used nontoxic underwater coatings in a broad spectrum of fouling resistance. By further developing formulations and processing methods for specific devices, the technology is ready for the next stage of development with demonstration in MHK systems.

  3. MARINE MAMMALS OF THE PACIFIC REGION AND HAWAII marine mammals of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ); and endangered Hawaiian monk seals. Fourteen stocks have known population trends: seven are increasing, one marine mammal stocks are highlighted in this chapter: the Hawaiian monk seal, the Pacific Islands Stock Inland Waters 12,844 771 > 30 > 34 No S Hawaiian monk seal 1,214 Undet. Unknown Unknown Yes E D Northern

  4. MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE, **(*): ****** (*** 2006) C 2006 by the Society for Marine Mammalogy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aberdeen, University of

    .1111/j.1748-7692.2006.00061.x USE OF DISCOVERY CURVES TO ASSESS ABUNDANCE OF HAWAIIAN MONK SEALS JASON D abundance of the endangered Hawaiian monk seal, Monachus schauinslandi. We empirically derived a criterion, Hawaiian monk seal, Monachus schauinslandi. 1 #12;2 MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE, VOL. **, NO. **, 2006 Reliable

  5. Design and implementation of a marine animal alert system to support Marine Renewable Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deng, Zhiqun; Carlson, Thomas J.; Fu, Tao; Ren, Huiying; Martinez, Jayson J.; Myers, Joshua R.; Matzner, Shari; Choi, Eric Y.; Copping, Andrea E.

    2013-08-08

    Power extracted from fast moving tidal currents has been identified as a potential commercial-scale source of renewable energy. Device developers and utilities are pursuing deployment of prototype tidal turbines to assess technology viability, site feasibility, and environmental interactions. Deployment of prototype turbines requires permits from a range of regulatory authorities. Ensuring the safety of marine animals, particularly those under protection of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA) and the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 has emerged as a key regulatory challenge for initial MHK deployments. The greatest perceived risk to marine animals is from strike by the rotating blades of tidal turbines. Development of the marine mammal alert system (MAAS) was undertaken to support monitoring and mitigation requirements for tidal turbine deployments. The prototype system development focused on Southern Resident killer whales (SRKW), an endangered population of killer whales that frequents Puget Sound and is intermittently present in the part of the sound where deployment of prototype tidal turbines is being considered. Passive acoustics were selected as the primary means because of the vocal nature of these animals. The MAAS passive acoustic system consists of two-stage process involving the use of an energy detector and a spectrogram-based classifier to distinguish between SKRW’s calls and noise. A prototype consisting of two 2D symmetrical star arrays separated by 20 m center to center was built and evaluated in the waters of Sequim Bay using whale call playback.

  6. Marine asset security and tracking (MAST) system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hanson, Gregory Richard (Clinton, TN); Smith, Stephen Fulton (Loudon, TN); Moore, Michael Roy (Corryton, TN); Dobson, Eric Lesley (Charleston, SC); Blair, Jeffrey Scott (Charleston, SC); Duncan, Christopher Allen (Marietta, GA); Lenarduzzi, Roberto (Knoxville, TN)

    2008-07-01

    Methods and apparatus are described for marine asset security and tracking (MAST). A method includes transmitting identification data, location data and environmental state sensor data from a radio frequency tag. An apparatus includes a radio frequency tag that transmits identification data, location data and environmental state sensor data. Another method includes transmitting identification data and location data from a radio frequency tag using hybrid spread-spectrum modulation. Another apparatus includes a radio frequency tag that transmits both identification data and location data using hybrid spread-spectrum modulation.

  7. Marine Mammal Protection Act | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios TowardsInformationMarietta, Georgia:Marine Mammal Protection

  8. Marine and Hydrokinetic Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios TowardsInformationMarietta, Georgia:Marine Mammal

  9. National Marine Fisheries Service | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to: navigation,National Marine Fisheries Service Jump to: navigation,

  10. Plymouth Marine Laboratory | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly SmartDB-2, Blue MountainSchool DistrictPlaxicaSmartMarine

  11. Large-Scale Production of Marine Microalgae for Fuel and Feeds

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Review Large-Scale Production of Marine Microalgae for Fuel and Feeds March 24, 2015 Algae Platform Review Mark Huntley Cornell Marine Algal Biofuels Consortium This...

  12. Development of Regional Coastal Ocean Observatories and the Potential Benefits to Marine Sanctuaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moline, Mark

    impacted on global and mesoscale processes in marine ecosystems through fishing, eutrophication, commercial marine sanctuaries, we must elucidate the synergistic interactions between global, mesoscale, and local

  13. Marine Bio-Nanotechnology: High-Performance Materials from Sponge Silicatein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morse, Daniel E.

    2007-01-01

    Title: Marine Bio-Nanotechnology: High-Performance MaterialsChemical Biology (2005); Nanotechnology Review (2005, 2006);Marine biotechnology; nanotechnology; sponge; silica;

  14. Human dimensions perspectives on the impacts of coastal zone marine renewable energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pomeroy, Caroline; Conway, Flaxen; Hall-Arber, Madeleine

    2013-01-01

    coastal zone marine renewable energy generation. REFERENCESOuter Continental Shelf Renewable Energy Space-Use ConflictsOF COASTAL ZONE MARINE RENEWABLE ENERGY Caroline Pomeroy,

  15. Physiological, ecological, and evolutionary studies of trace metal homeostasis in marine microbes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dupont, Christopher Lee

    2008-01-01

    homeostasis in marine microbes A dissertation submitted inhomeostasis in marine microbes by Christopher Lee Dupontbiomass by heterotrophic microbes at depth. The nutrient-

  16. The role of siderophores in algal-bacterial interactions in the marine environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, Shady Ahmed

    2010-01-01

    in the phycosphere of microalgae? , Microb. Ecol. 53, 683-Manual on harmful marine microalgae, Vol. 11, UNESCO, Paris.Manual on Harmful Marine Microalgae. (Hallegraeff, G. M. ,

  17. The role of siderophores in algal-bacterial interactions in the marine environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, Shady A.

    2010-01-01

    in the phycosphere of microalgae? , Microb. Ecol. 53, 683-Manual on Harmful Marine Microalgae. (Hallegraeff, G. M. ,Manual on harmful marine microalgae, Vol. 11, UNESCO, Paris.

  18. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation Potential and Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCollum, David L; Gould, Gregory; Greene, David L

    2010-01-01

    aviation and marine travel are higher than energy efficiencyintensity of the energy sources used in aviation and marineand marine diesel oil) or to other renewable energy sources,

  19. The Marine Live Bait Trade in California: A Pathway for Introduction of Non-Indigenous Species?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Passarelli, Bruno

    2010-01-01

    To investigate the transport of NIS into California via theCalifornia via the Marine Live Bait Trade TransportCalifornia via the Marine Live Bait Trade Transport

  20. Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii: Assessment and Recommendations Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii: Assessment...

  1. Biosynthetic investigations of ansamycin natural products from marine-derived actinomycetes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Micheal Christopher

    2011-01-01

    metabolite from marine-derived Streptomyces sp. NTK 227. Jfrom Australian marine- derived and terrestrial Streptomyces3-hydroxy-3-methylproline derived from isoleucine. J Chem

  2. Navy-ship plastic waste recycled into marine pilings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    March, F.A. [Seaward International Inc., Clearbrook, VA (United States)

    1996-02-01

    Seaward International Inc., developed a new, composite, structurally reinforced, plastic-composite marine piling fabricated from 100 percent recycled plastic. A cooperative research program was begun in 1995 between the Navy and Seaward to develop a use for Navy ships waste plastic as a core in the construction of the marine piling.

  3. CHAPTER III MARINE METEOROLOGY OF THE GULF OF MEXICO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CHAPTER III MARINE METEOROLOGY OF THE GULF OF MEXICO #12;Blank page retained for pagination #12;MARINE METEOROLOGY OF THE GULF OF MEXICO, A BRIEF REVIEW 1 By DALE F. LEIPPER, Department oj Oceonography, Agricultural and Mechanical College oj Tuas The best general summary of the weather over the Gulf of Mexico

  4. Characteristics of cyclic AMP transport by marine bacteria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ammerman, J.W.; Azam, F.

    1987-12-01

    Uptake and autoradiography experiments with natural populations of marine bacteria, sea water cultures, and cultured isolates showed that the high-affinity cyclic AMP transport system in marine bacteria has stringent structural requirements, is found in a minority of cells in mixed bacterial assemblages, and appears to be related to the culture growth state.

  5. Comparison of PMSG and DFIG for Marine Current Turbine Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Comparison of PMSG and DFIG for Marine Current Turbine Applications S. Benelghali, M.E.H. Benbouzid and J.F. Charpentier Abstract--Emerging technologies for marine current turbine are mainly relevant to works that have been carried out on wind turbines and ship propellers. It is then obvious that many

  6. ON CONDITION MONITORING OF EXHAUST VALVES IN MARINE DIESEL ENGINES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mosegaard, Klaus

    ON CONDITION MONITORING OF EXHAUST VALVES IN MARINE DIESEL ENGINES T. L. Fog x L. K. Hansen z , J : Research & Development, MAN B&W Diesel A/S Teglholmsgade 41, DK­2450, Copenhagen SV, Denmark. E­mail: tof­invasive characterisation of ex­ haust valve conditions in large marine diesel engines, were exper­ imentally investigated

  7. Oceanisphaera sediminis sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bae, Jin-Woo

    Oceanisphaera sediminis sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment Na-Ri Shin,1 3 Tae Woong Whon,1 3 isolated from marine sediment collected from the south coast of Korea. Cells of both strains were Gram composition of sediment collected from an ark clam farm during a mass mortality event was determined using

  8. REVIEW Open Access Toxic marine microalgae and shellfish poisoning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hays, Graeme

    REVIEW Open Access Toxic marine microalgae and shellfish poisoning in the British isles: history The relationship between toxic marine microalgae species and climate change has become a high profile and well examine the current state of toxic microalgae species around the UK, in two ways: first we describe

  9. 1st Advanced Marine Renewable Energy Instrumentation Experts Workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2011-10-01

    The U.S. marine energy industry is actively pursuing development of offshore wind and marine hydrokinetic (MHK) energy systems. Experience in the wind energy sector demonstrates that new technology development requires thorough measurement and characterization of the environmental conditions prevalent at installation sites and of technology operating in the field. Presently, there are no turn-key instrumentation system solutions that meet the measurement needs of the marine energy industry. The 1st Advanced Marine Renewable Energy Instrumentation Experts Workshop brought together technical experts from government laboratories, academia, and industry representatives from marine energy, wind, offshore oil and gas, and instrumentation developers to present and discuss the instrumentation needs of the marine energy industry. The goals of the meeting were to: 1. Share the latest relevant knowledge among technical experts; 2. Review relevant state-of-the-art field measurement technologies and methods; 3. Review lessons learned from recent field deployments; 4. Identify synergies across different industries; 5. Identify gaps between existing and needed instrumentation capabilities; 6. Understand who are the leading experts; 7. Provide a forum where stakeholders from the marine energy industry could provide substantive input in the development of new marine energy field deployable instrumentation packages.

  10. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hays, Graeme

    .g. to expend energy and/or time) so that some kind of ben- efit can be obtained (e.g. improved ranking or exclu, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK 3 National Marine Park of Zakynthos, 1 El. Venizelou Street, 29100 Zakynthos, Greece 4 · Sequential assessment · Evolutionary stable strategy · Territory · Marine · Vertebrate · Reptile Resale

  11. Z .Marine Chemistry 74 2001 1528 www.elsevier.nlrlocatermarchem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hinch, Scott G.

    Z .Marine Chemistry 74 2001 15­28 www.elsevier.nlrlocatermarchem An intercomparison of small a a ( )Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry MS 25 , Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA that is pro- duced continuously in seawater from its soluble par- Z 9 .ent, uranium-238 t s4.47=10 years

  12. The Economic Contribution of Marine Angler Expenditures in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Economic Contribution of Marine Angler Expenditures in the United States, 2006 Brad Gentner Marine Fisheries Service NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-F/SPO-94 November 2008 #12;#12;The Economic for Fisheries #12;ii Suggested citation: Gentner, Brad, and Scott Steinback. 2008. The Economic Contribution

  13. Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Science Sunday

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Science Sunday Public lecture Seymour Marine Discovery center Free with admission to the Seymour Center ($8 Adults / $6 Students or Seniors) Free ADMISSION for Seymour Center Members and UC Santa Cruz Undergraduates with valid Student ID. At the end of Delaware

  14. Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Science Sunday

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Science Sunday Public lecture Seymour Marine Discovery center Free with admission to the Seymour center ($8 Adults / $6 Students or Seniors) Free ADMISSION for Seymour center Members and uc Santa cruz undergraduates with valid Student iD At the end of Delaware

  15. Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Science Sunday

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Science Sunday Public lecture Seymour Marine Discovery center supply system in California and Monterey Bay. Following Griggs' talk, the Seymour Center will present, Santa cruz SPONSORED BY: Redtree Partners LP Free with admission to the Seymour center ($8 Adults / $6

  16. Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Science Sunday

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Science Sunday Public lecture Seymour Marine Discovery center previously realized. Free with admission to the Seymour center ($6 Adults / $4 Students or Seniors) Free ADMISSION for Seymour center Members and uc Santa cruz undergraduates with valid Student iD. Andrew Fisher

  17. Name __________________ Exploring Marine Science at the Seymour Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Name __________________ Exploring Marine Science at the Seymour Center SH 9/08 Shipwreck Deck Science at the Seymour Center SH 9/08 Shipwreck Deck and Breezeway Page 2 of 2 Shipwreck Deck of the Monterey Bay, have you visited (or would like to visit)? Possible responses: Seymour Center, Long Marine

  18. Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Science Sunday

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Science Sunday Public lecture Seymour Marine Discovery center Free with admission to the Seymour center ($8 Adults / $6 Students or Seniors) Free ADMISSION for Seymour center Members and uc Santa cruz undergraduates with valid Student iD. At the end of Delaware

  19. Name ________________ Exploring Marine Science at the Seymour Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Name ________________ Exploring Marine Science at the Seymour Center Purple Pod Page 1 of 3 (5 Science at the Seymour Center Purple Pod Page 2 of 3 (5/09) "Who Are Scientists?" (Purple Pod): ANSWER KEY ANSWER KEY__________________ Exploring Marine Science at the Seymour Center Purple Pod Page 3 of 3 (5

  20. Name _______________________ Exploring Marine Science at the Seymour Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Name _______________________ Exploring Marine Science at the Seymour Center Orange Pod Page 1 of 4;Name _____ANSWER KEY Exploring Marine Science at the Seymour Center Orange Pod Page 2 of 4 (5/09) "What at the Seymour Center Orange Pod Page 3 of 4 (5/09) "What is Science?" (Orange Pod): ANSWER KEY 3. Turn the drum

  1. Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Science Sunday

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Science Sunday Public lecture Seymour Marine Discovery center that caps off "Shark Science Week" at the Seymour Center. Sunday, August 17, 2014 1 PM A. Peter Klimley extinction Free with admission to the Seymour Center ($8 Adults / $6 Students or Seniors) Free ADMISSION

  2. Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Science Sunday

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Science Sunday Public lecture Seymour Marine Discovery center Free with admission to the Seymour center ($8 Adults / $6 Students or Seniors) Free ADMISSION for Seymour Center Members and UC Santa Cruz undergraduates with valid Student iD #12;

  3. Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Science Sunday

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab Science Sunday Public lecture Seymour Marine Discovery center Free with admission to the Seymour center ($6 Adults / $4 Students or Seniors) Free ADMISSION for Seymour center Members and uc Santa cruz undergraduates with valid Student iD. At the end of Delaware

  4. MEET THE PEER COUNSELORS Marine and Atmospheric Science Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    MEET THE PEER COUNSELORS Marine and Atmospheric Science Program Welcome all incoming at the University of Miami and the Rosenstiel School for Marine and Atmospheric Science (RSMAS). Incoming students as possible, both academically and socially. We are here as guides for incoming and prospective students who

  5. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawlik, Joseph

    MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser Vol. 224: 115­131, 2001 Published December 19 substrata. Previous investigations with barnacles and polychaetes have suggested that the colonization for the initiation of monospecific aggregations of fouling marine invertebrates. KEY WORDS: Colonization · Gregarious

  6. Ocean energy projects may menace marine lblumenthal@mcclatchydc.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Ocean energy projects may menace marine migration lblumenthal@mcclatchydc.com Published Monday, Dec. Scientists increasingly believe these marine creatures and others use the earth's magnetic fields to navigate vast distances. But as the search for green energy turns to the oceans, there are concerns that tidal

  7. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawlik, Joseph

    MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser Published November 2 Defenses of Caribbean sponges.Pawlik* Biological Sciences and Center for Marine Science Research. University of North Carolina at Wilmington. Analyses of ash content, tensile strength, protein, carbohydrate, and lipid content, and total energy

  8. Geothermal Water Use: Life Cycle Water Consumption, Water Resource Assessment, and Water Policy Framework

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Schroeder, Jenna N.

    2014-06-10

    This report examines life cycle water consumption for various geothermal technologies to better understand factors that affect water consumption across the life cycle (e.g., power plant cooling, belowground fluid losses) and to assess the potential water challenges that future geothermal power generation projects may face. Previous reports in this series quantified the life cycle freshwater requirements of geothermal power-generating systems, explored operational and environmental concerns related to the geochemical composition of geothermal fluids, and assessed future water demand by geothermal power plants according to growth projections for the industry. This report seeks to extend those analyses by including EGS flash, both as part of the life cycle analysis and water resource assessment. A regional water resource assessment based upon the life cycle results is also presented. Finally, the legal framework of water with respect to geothermal resources in the states with active geothermal development is also analyzed.

  9. Geothermal Water Use: Life Cycle Water Consumption, Water Resource Assessment, and Water Policy Framework

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Schroeder, Jenna N.

    This report examines life cycle water consumption for various geothermal technologies to better understand factors that affect water consumption across the life cycle (e.g., power plant cooling, belowground fluid losses) and to assess the potential water challenges that future geothermal power generation projects may face. Previous reports in this series quantified the life cycle freshwater requirements of geothermal power-generating systems, explored operational and environmental concerns related to the geochemical composition of geothermal fluids, and assessed future water demand by geothermal power plants according to growth projections for the industry. This report seeks to extend those analyses by including EGS flash, both as part of the life cycle analysis and water resource assessment. A regional water resource assessment based upon the life cycle results is also presented. Finally, the legal framework of water with respect to geothermal resources in the states with active geothermal development is also analyzed.

  10. Life-cycle Assessment of Semiconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sarah B.

    2009-01-01

    Environmental Impacts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Abatement Environmental impactLife-cycle Environmental Impacts . . . . . . . LCA of

  11. Identification of an Archean marine oxygen oasis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riding, Dr Robert E; Fralick, Dr Philip; Liang, Liyuan

    2014-01-01

    The early Earth was essentially anoxic. A number of indicators suggest the presence of oxygenic photosynthesis 2700 3000 million years (Ma) ago, but direct evidence for molecular oxygen (O2) in seawater has remained elusive. Here we report rare earth element (REE) analyses of 2800 million year old shallowmarine limestones and deep-water iron-rich sediments at Steep Rock Lake, Canada. These show that the seawater from which extensive shallow-water limestones precipitated was oxygenated, whereas the adjacent deeper waters where iron-rich sediments formed were not. We propose that oxygen promoted limestone precipitation by oxidative removal of dissolved ferrous iron species, Fe(II), to insoluble Fe(III) oxyhydroxide, and estimate that at least 10.25 M oxygen concentration in seawater was required to accomplish this at Steep Rock. This agrees with the hypothesis that an ample supply of dissolved Fe(II) in Archean oceans would have hindered limestone formation. There is no direct evidence for the oxygen source at Steep Rock, but organic carbon isotope values and diverse stromatolites in the limestones suggest the presence of cyanobacteria. Our findings support the view that during the Archean significant oxygen levels first developed in protected nutrient-rich shallow marine habitats. They indicate that these environments were spatially restricted, transient, and promoted limestone precipitation. If Archean marine limestones in general reflect localized oxygenic removal of dissolved iron at the margins of otherwise anoxic iron-rich seas, then early oxygen oases are less elusive than has been assumed.

  12. Artificial Life in Quantum Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U. Alvarez-Rodriguez; M. Sanz; L. Lamata; E. Solano

    2015-05-14

    We develop a quantum information protocol that models the biological behaviors of individuals living in a natural selection scenario. The artificially engineered evolution of the quantum living units shows the fundamental features of life in a common environment, such as self-replication, mutation, interaction of individuals, and death. We propose how to mimic these bio-inspired features in a quantum-mechanical formalism, which allows for an experimental implementation achievable with current quantum platforms. This result paves the way for the realization of artificial life and embodied evolution with quantum technologies.

  13. Oil sands processes-affected water treatment Research field: Oil sands processes-affected water treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milgram, Paul

    Oil sands processes-affected water treatment Research field: Oil sands processes-affected water., to make the system work as desired. We have experimental projects on oil extraction, polymers, fluid

  14. Reconstructing Philippine marine fisheries catches, Palomares, MLD and Pauly, D Reconstructing Philippine marine fisheries catches: a rationale and a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pauly, Daniel

    Reconstructing Philippine marine fisheries catches, Palomares, MLD and Pauly, D 14 Reconstructing Philippine marine fisheries catches: a rationale and a methodology20 M.L.D. Palomares and D. Pauly Sea Around Us, Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia, 2202 Main Mall, Vancouver BC, V6T 1Z4; Email: m.palomares

  15. Marine Ecosystems Ocean Environment Research Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    been studying how CO2 emissions affect the ocean system for more than three decades and conQnue to monitor ocean acidificaQon in all the world's oceans from

  16. Powering the Future with LIFE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moses, E I; Diaz de la Rubia, T

    2009-04-28

    This month's issue has the following articles: (1) Leveraging the National Ignition Facility to meet the climate-energy challenge; (2) The journal into a new era of scientific discoveries; and (3) Safe and sustainable energy with LIFE (Laser Inertial Fusion Energy).

  17. Does Market Exposure Affect Economic Game Behavior?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gurven, Michael

    are typically based on notions of short-term income-maximization, strategic play, fairness, reci- procity cultural norms that may affect social and economic behavior), they are all examples of student populations

  18. Environmental Laws Affecting Farmers and Ranchers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McEowen, Roger A.

    1999-06-23

    The United States tries to handle environmental problems primarily by regulating the use of natural resources. This affects farmers and ranchers in many ways. This publication discusses the various federal regulatory approaches that have been...

  19. "What Are Marines For?" The United States Marine Corps in the Civil War Era 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivdo, Michael Edward

    2012-07-16

    ????????????????????? 3 8 2- 5 The USS Princeton??????????????????? 41 2- 6 The USS Naugatuck ( Stevens? Battery???????????????... 4 2 2- 7 11- inch Dahlgren Pivot Gun on the USS Kearsarge ?????????. 5 3 3 - 1 The Marine... and desertion, while technological changes from the adoption of more powerful (and longer 9 range) naval guns, armor protection and steam propulsion rendered ??????????????????? old functions obsolescent. Facing these changes head- on, he argued to have...

  20. VOLUNTARY TERM LIFE & AD&D INSURANCE ANTHEM LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - 37 - VOLUNTARY TERM LIFE & AD&D INSURANCE ANTHEM LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY VOLUNTARY TERM LIFE the needs of each individual or family. This insurance allows you to add protection, above the Basic Term

  1. MAGIC: Marine ARM GPCI Investigation of Clouds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewis, ER; Wiscombe, WJ; Albrecht, BA; Bland, GL; Flagg, CN; Klein, SA; Kollias, P; Mace, G; Reynolds, RM; Schwartz, SE; Siebesma, AP; Teixeira, J; Wood, R; Zhang, M

    2012-10-03

    The second Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Mobile Facility (AMF2) will be deployed aboard the Horizon Lines cargo container ship merchant vessel (M/V) Spirit for MAGIC, the Marine ARM GPCI1 Investigation of Clouds. The Spirit will traverse the route between Los Angeles, California, and Honolulu, Hawaii, from October 2012 through September 2013 (except for a few months in the middle of this time period when the ship will be in dry dock). During this field campaign, AMF2 will observe and characterize the properties of clouds and precipitation, aerosols, and atmospheric radiation; standard meteorological and oceanographic variables; and atmospheric structure. There will also be two intensive observational periods (IOPs), one in January 2013 and one in July 2013, during which more detailed measurements of the atmospheric structure will be made.

  2. Deployment Effects of Marin Renewable Energy Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brian Polagye; Mirko Previsic

    2010-06-17

    Given proper care in siting, design, deployment, operation and maintenance, marine and hydrokinetic technologies could become one of the more environmentally benign sources of electricity generation. In order to accelerate the adoption of these emerging hydrokinetic and marine energy technologies, navigational and environmental concerns must be identified and addressed. All developing hydrokinetic projects involve a wide variety of stakeholders. One of the key issues that site developers face as they engage with this range of stakeholders is that many of the possible conflicts (e.g., shipping and fishing) and environmental issues are not well-understood, due to a lack of technical certainty. In September 2008, re vision consulting, LLC was selected by the Department of Energy (DoE) to apply a scenario-based approach to the emerging wave and tidal technology sectors in order to evaluate the impact of these technologies on the marine environment and potentially conflicting uses. The project’s scope of work includes the establishment of baseline scenarios for wave and tidal power conversion at potential future deployment sites. The scenarios will capture variations in technical approaches and deployment scales to properly identify and characterize environmental impacts and navigational effects. The goal of the project is to provide all stakeholders with an improved understanding of the potential effects of these emerging technologies and focus all stakeholders onto the critical issues that need to be addressed. This groundwork will also help in streamlining siting and associated permitting processes, which are considered key hurdles for the industry’s development in the U.S. today. Re vision is coordinating its efforts with two other project teams funded by DoE which are focused on regulatory and navigational issues. The results of this study are structured into three reports: 1. Wave power scenario description 2. Tidal power scenario description 3. Framework for Identifying Key Environmental Concerns This is the second report in the sequence and describes the results of conceptual feasibility studies of tidal power plants deployed in Tacoma Narrows, Washington. The Narrows contain many of the same competing stakeholder interactions identified at other tidal power sites and serves as a representative case study. Tidal power remains at an early stage of development. As such, a wide range of different technologies are being pursued by different manufacturers. In order to properly characterize impacts, it is useful to characterize the range of technologies that could be deployed at the site of interest. An industry survey informs the process of selecting representative tidal power devices. The selection criteria is that such devices are at an advanced stage of development to reduce technical uncertainties and that enough data are available from the manufacturers to inform the conceptual design process of this study. Further, an attempt is made to cover the range of different technologies under development to capture variations in potential environmental effects. A number of other developers are also at an advanced stage of development including Verdant Power, which has demonstrated an array of turbines in the East River of New York, Clean Current, which has demonstrated a device off Race Rocks, BC, and OpenHydro, which has demonstrated a device at the European Marine Energy Test Center and is on the verge of deploying a larger device in the Bay of Fundy. MCT demonstrated their device both at Devon (UK) and Strangford Narrows (Northern Ireland). Furthermore OpenHydro, CleanCurrent, and MCT are the three devices being installed at the Minas Passage (Canada). Environmental effects will largely scale with the size of tidal power development. In many cases, the effects of a single device may not be measurable, while larger scale device arrays may have cumulative impacts that differ significantly from smaller scale deployments. In order to characterize these effects, scenarios are established at three deployment scales which nom

  3. SCHROEDER AND LOVE.: RECREATIONAL FISHING AND MARINE FISH POPULATIONS CalCOFI Rep., Vol. 43, 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Love, Milton

    SCHROEDER AND LOVE.: RECREATIONAL FISHING AND MARINE FISH POPULATIONS CalCOFI Rep., Vol. 43, 2002 RECREATIONAL FISHING AND MARINE FISH POPULATIONS IN CALIFORNIA DONNA M. SCHROEDER AND MILTON S. LOVE Marine@lifesci.ucsb.edu ABSTRACT We present and review information regarding recre- ational angling and exploited marine fish

  4. Bacterial and Protozoal Contamination of Nearshore Marine Environments in California, with Ecologically Sustainable Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atwill, Edward R.; Conrad, Patricia A.

    2008-01-01

    Title: Reducing microbial contamination in runoff fromBacterial and Protozoal Contamination of Nearshore Marine

  5. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation Potential and Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCollum, David L; Gould, Gregory; Greene, David L

    2010-01-01

    Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation Potential and Policies Additional optimization of shipping logistics, routing and maintenance

  6. Environmental Effects of Marine Energy Development Around the World. Annex IV Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Copping, Andrea; Hanna, L.; Whiting, J.; Geerlofs, S.; Grear, M.; Blake, K.; Coffey, A.; Massaua, M.; Brown-Saracino, J.; Battey, H.

    2013-01-01

    This Annex IV report contains three case studies of specific interactions of marine energy devices with the marine environment addressing the physical interactions between animals and tidal turbines, the acoustic impact of marine energy devices on marine animals, and the effects of energy removal on physical systems.

  7. Marine Sanctuaries Conservation Series ONMS-08-07 U.S. Department of Commerce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ezer,Tal

    Marine Sanctuaries Conservation Series ONMS-08-07 U.S. Department of Commerce National Oceanic of National Marine Sanctuaries November 2008 Caribbean Connectivity: Implications for Marine Protected Area and Caribbean Fisheries Institute Belize City, Belize #12;About the Marine Sanctuaries Conservation Series

  8. The Marine Viromes of Four Oceanic Regions Florent E. Angly1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salamon, Peter

    The Marine Viromes of Four Oceanic Regions Florent E. Angly1,2 , Ben Felts2,3 , Mya Breitbart1, British Columbia, Canada Viruses are the most common biological entities in the marine environment were not similar to those in the current databases. There was a distinct ``marine-ness'' quality

  9. Using Arc Marine in ArcGIS 10 Tutorial for Beginners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    Using Arc Marine in ArcGIS 10 Tutorial for Beginners Introduction Arc Marine (or the ArcGIS Marine Data Model - MDM), is a geodatabase model tailored specifically for the marine GIS community. Created by researchers from Oregon State University, Duke

  10. Evaluation of defatted and whole algae as feed ingredients for the marine shrimp, litopenaeus vannamei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morgan, J. L.; Patnaik, S.; Gatlin, III, D. M.; Lawrence, A. L.

    2012-06-13

    Evaluation of defatted and whole algae as feed ingredients for the marine shrimp, litopenaeus vannamei

  11. B.S. in Marine Science page 1 09/25/08

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Andrew

    B.S. in Marine Science page 1 09/25/08 · To earn a Bachelor of Science degree in Marine Science students must complete 1) the CORE requirements for the major, 2) at least 15 credits of approved Marine Science Electives at 300+ level, 3) UM General required for the major in Marine Science, i.e., in CORE

  12. Ten years of marine CSEM for hydrocarbon exploration Steven Constable1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Constable, Steve

    Ten years of marine CSEM for hydrocarbon exploration Steven Constable1 ABSTRACT Marine controlled nonseis- mic data sets used in offshore exploration.Although by many measures marine CSEM is still in its prospect, Block 17, offshoreAn- gola, to carry out the first survey of an oil field using marine con

  13. Larval trematodes of marine gastropods of Galveston Island, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Epstein, Ross Allen

    1972-01-01

    been published on larval trematodes of marine gastropods. Even so, there exist few and scattered studies on marine cercariae from the Gulf of Mexico. Most of these are centered around Florida in tropical or semi-tropical waters. Consequently, little... around the Marine Laboratory at Woods Hole, Massachusetts. The first report of larval trematodes from gastropods in this area was in a publication by Linton (1915). He included a description and drawings of sporocysts and tailless t f ~f) b 1 t (8 1 b...

  14. Effect of patent law changes on the innovation strategy of Chinese and Indian Life Science companies as reflected in US patent filings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Meera S. (Meera Saini)

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we evaluate how harmonization of patent laws in China and India to developed world standards has affected innovative research and development activity in the life sciences industry of those countries. The ...

  15. www.ext.vt.edu Produced by Communications and Marketing, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    which are similar in description and life cycle. While small numbers of these organisms on a fish gen and ultimately, death of fish. Small fish and fry are espe- cially susceptible, and mortality can occur quickly if undiagnosed. How does Trichodina spp. affect the fish? Trichodina spp. cause irritation by feeding on the epi

  16. The University of Arizona College of Agriculture and Life Sciences12 Trace Minerals for Cattle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guerriero, Vince

    The University of Arizona College of Agriculture and Life Sciences12 Trace Minerals for Cattle that Arizona cattle held in feedlots seem to contract more diseases. Some scientists linked the increases extension agent, led the research team that learned not only how cattle health is affected when their diet

  17. Evaluating WRF-Chem aerosol indirect effects in Southeast Pacific marine stratocumulus during VOCALS-REx

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saide P. E.; Springston S.; Spak, S. N.; Carmichael, G. R.; Mena-Carrasco, M. A.; Yang, Q.; Howell, S.; Leon, D. C.; Snider, J. R.; Bandy, A. R.; Collett, J. L.; Benedict, K. B.; de Szoeke, S. P.; Hawkins, L. N.; Allen, G.; Crawford, I.; Crosier, J.

    2012-03-29

    We evaluate a regional-scale simulation with the WRF-Chem model for the VAMOS (Variability of the American Monsoon Systems) Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study Regional Experiment (VOCALS-REx), which sampled the Southeast Pacific's persistent stratocumulus deck. Evaluation of VOCALS-REx ship-based and three aircraft observations focuses on analyzing how aerosol loading affects marine boundary layer (MBL) dynamics and cloud microphysics. We compare local time series and campaign-averaged longitudinal gradients, and highlight differences in model simulations with (W) and without (NW) wet deposition processes. The higher aerosol loadings in the NW case produce considerable changes in MBL dynamics and cloud microphysics, in accordance with the established conceptual model of aerosol indirect effects. These include increase in cloud albedo, increase in MBL and cloud heights, drizzle suppression, increase in liquid water content, and increase in cloud lifetime. Moreover, better statistical representation of aerosol mass and number concentration improves model fidelity in reproducing observed spatial and temporal variability in cloud properties, including top and base height, droplet concentration, water content, rain rate, optical depth (COD) and liquid water path (LWP). Together, these help to quantify confidence in WRF-Chem's modeled aerosol-cloud interactions, especially in the activation parameterization, while identifying structural and parametric uncertainties including: irreversibility in rain wet removal; overestimation of marine DMS and sea salt emissions, and accelerated aqueous sulfate conversion. Our findings suggest that WRF-Chem simulates marine cloud-aerosol interactions at a level sufficient for applications in forecasting weather and air quality and studying aerosol climate forcing, and may do so with the reliability required for policy analysis.

  18. Evaluating WRF-Chem aerosol indirect effects in Southeast Pacific marine stratocumulus during VOCALS-REx

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saide, Pablo; Spak, S. N.; Carmichael, Gregory; Mena-Carrasco, M. A.; Yang, Qing; Howell, S. G.; Leon, Dolislager; Snider, Jefferson R.; Bandy, Alan R.; Collett, Jeffrey L.; Benedict, K. B.; de Szoeke, S.; Hawkins, Lisa; Allen, Grant; Crawford, I.; Crosier, J.; Springston, S. R.

    2012-03-30

    We evaluate a regional-scale simulation with the WRF-Chem model for the VAMOS (Variability of the American Monsoon Systems) Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study Regional Experiment (VOCALS-REx), which sampled the Southeast Pacific's persistent stratocumulus deck. Evaluation of VOCALS-REx ship-based and aircraft observations focuses on analyzing how aerosol loading affects marine boundary layer (MBL) dynamics and cloud microphysics. We compare local time series and campaign averaged longitudinal gradients, and highlight differences in model simulations with (W) and without wet (NW) deposition processes. The higher aerosol loadings in the NW case produce considerable changes in MBL dynamics and cloud microphysics, in accordance with the established conceptual model of aerosol indirect effects. These include increase in cloud albedo, increase in MBL and cloud heights, drizzle suppression, increase in liquid water content, and increase in cloud lifetime. Moreover, better statistical representation of aerosol mass and number concentration improves model fidelity in reproducing observed spatial and temporal variability in cloud properties, including top and base height, droplet concentration, water content, rain rate, optical depth (COD) and liquid water path (LWP). Together, these help to quantify confidence in WRF-Chem's modeled aerosol-cloud interactions, while identifying structural and parametric uncertainties including: irreversibility in rain wet removal; overestimation of marine DMS and sea salt emissions and accelerated aqueous sulfate conversion. Our findings suggest that WRF-Chem simulates marine cloud-aerosol interactions at a level sufficient for applications in forecasting weather and air quality and studying aerosol climate forcing, including the reliability required for policy analysis and geo-engineering applications.

  19. LIFE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sured 4 years previously, and so on, and this column constitutes an ultimate mortality ... 1,4,3 in the ultimate column. The complete ... gig: mm] = 1mm = 940,108.

  20. Compilation of selected marine radioecological data for the US Subseabed Program: Summaries of available radioecological concentration factors and biological half-lives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gomez, L.S.; Marietta, M.G.; Jackson, D.W.

    1987-04-01

    The US Subseabed Disposal Program has compiled an extensive concentration factor and biological half-life data base from the international marine radioecological literature. A microcomputer-based data management system has been implemented to provide statistical and graphic summaries of these data. The data base is constructed in a manner which allows subsets to be sorted using a number of interstudy variables such as organism category, tissue/organ category, geographic location (for in situ studies), and several laboratory-related conditions (e.g., exposure time and exposure concentration). This report updates earlier reviews and provides summaries of the tabulated data. In addition to the concentration factor/biological half-life data base, we provide an outline of other published marine radioecological works. Our goal is to present these data in a form that enables those concerned with predictive assessment of radiation dose in the marine environment to make a more judicious selection of data for a given application. 555 refs., 19 figs., 7 tabs.

  1. The Life Cycle Analysis Toolbox

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bishop, L.; Tonn, B.E.; Williams, K.A.; Yerace, P.; Yuracko, K.L.

    1999-02-28

    The life cycle analysis toolbox is a valuable integration of decision-making tools and supporting materials developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to help Department of Energy managers improve environmental quality, reduce costs, and minimize risk. The toolbox provides decision-makers access to a wide variety of proven tools for pollution prevention (P2) and waste minimization (WMin), as well as ORNL expertise to select from this toolbox exactly the right tool to solve any given P2/WMin problem. The central element of the toolbox is a multiple criteria approach to life cycle analysis developed specifically to aid P2/WMin decision-making. ORNL has developed numerous tools that support this life cycle analysis approach. Tools are available to help model P2/WMin processes, estimate human health risks, estimate costs, and represent and manipulate uncertainties. Tools are available to help document P2/WMin decision-making and implement programs. Tools are also available to help track potential future environmental regulations that could impact P2/WMin programs and current regulations that must be followed. An Internet-site will provide broad access to the tools.

  2. Marine boundary layer structure as observed by space-based Lidar

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Luo, T.; Wang, Z.; Zhang, D.

    2015-12-03

    The marine boundary layer (MBL) structure is important to the exchange of heat, momentum, and moisture between oceans and the low atmosphere and to the marine low cloud processes. This paper explores MBL structure over the eastern Pacific region with a new 4 year satellite-based dataset. The MBL aerosol lidar backscattering from the CALIPSO (Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations) was used to identify the MBL top (BLH) and the mixing layer height (MLH). Results showed that MBL is generally decoupled with MLH / BLH ratio ranging from ? 0.5 to ? 0.8 and the MBL decoupling magnitude ismore »mainly controlled by estimated inversion strength (EIS) that affects the cloud top entrainment process. The systematic differences between drizzling and non-drizzling stratocumulus tops, which may relate to the meso-scale circulations or gravity wave in MBL, also show dependence on EIS. Further analysis indicated that the MBL shows similar decoupled structure for clear sky and cumulus cloud-topped conditions, but is better mixed under stratiform cloud breakup and overcast conditions.« less

  3. Numerical and experimental study of the interaction between two marine current turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mycek, Paul; Germain, Grégory; Pinon, Grégory; Rivoalen, Elie

    2013-01-01

    The understanding of interaction effects between marine energy converters represents the next step in the research process that should eventually lead to the deployment of such devices. Although some a priori considerations have been suggested recently, very few real condition studies have been carried out concerning this issue. Trials were run on 1/30th scale models of three-bladed marine current turbine prototypes in a flume tank. The present work focuses on the case where a turbine is placed at different locations in the wake of a first one. The interaction effects in terms of performance and wake of the second turbine are examined and compared to the results obtained on the case of one single turbine. Besides, a three-dimensional software, based on a vortex method is currently being developed, and will be used in the near future to model more complex layouts. The experimental study shows that the second turbine is deeply affected by the presence of an upstream device and that a compromise between individu...

  4. Life Science & Technology Delft: Driven by curiosity,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langendoen, Koen

    Life Science & Technology Delft: Driven by curiosity, inspired by application. Diploma Master & Technology addresses the understanding of enzymes, living cells and biotechnological processes. Based' airplane fuels. The MSc programme in Life Science & Technology seeks to train the scientists and engineers

  5. Art and Artificial Life – a Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penny, Simon

    2009-01-01

    for further research. Simon Penny August-November 2009 [11]Life IV (MIT Press [16] Penny, Simon. Bridging TwoLife – a Primer Simon Penny University of California, Irvine

  6. The marine biogeochemistry of dissolved and colloidal iron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitzsimmons, Jessica Nicole

    2013-01-01

    Iron is a redox active trace metal micronutrient essential for primary production and nitrogen acquisition in the open ocean. Dissolved iron (dFe) has extremely low concentrations in marine waters that can drive phytoplankton ...

  7. Auxiliary metabolic genes in viruses infecting marine cyanobacteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Luke Richard

    2010-01-01

    Marine viruses shape the diversity and biogeochemical role of their microbial hosts. Cyanophages that infect the cyanobacteria Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus often carry metabolic genes not found in other bacteriophages. ...

  8. Determinants of Livelihood Strategies in a Marine Extractive Reserve 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santos, Anna Nunes

    2015-01-23

    This dissertation investigates the intersection between environmental conservation and livelihoods of small-scale producers. Conservation territories have been expanding into coastal-marine environments because of processes across scales...

  9. MARINE INSTITUTE Offshore Safety and Survival Centre (OSSC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oyet, Alwell

    [ ] Specialized Oil Tanker Safety [ ] WHMIS [ ] Marine Basic First Aid (MBFA) [ ] Oil & Chemical Tanker Cashier Initials Medical Clearance: Not Applicable Attached Company to be Billed: OSSCFORMS-015-R7: Apr

  10. Protocols for the Equitable Assessment of Marine Energy Converters 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingram, David; Smith, George; Bittencourt-Ferreira, Claudio; Smith, Helen

    This book contains the suite of protocols for the equitable evaluation of marine energy converters (based on either tidal or wave energy) produced by the EquiMar consortium led by the University of Edinburgh. These protocols ...

  11. ARMY, MARINE CORPS, NAVY, AIR FORCE MULTISERVICE TACTICS,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    ARMY, MARINE CORPS, NAVY, AIR FORCE MULTISERVICE TACTICS, TECHNIQUES, AND PROCEDURES Development and Integration T. L. DAVISON THOMAS J. LOFTUS Captain, US Navy Major General, USAF, MC, CFS Acting Assistant Surgeon General Navy Warfare Development Command Health Care Operations Office

  12. UNIT TYPE MILITARY PROVIDES IIT PROVIDES (Navy/Marines)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    UNIT TYPE MILITARY PROVIDES IIT PROVIDES Naval (Navy/Marines) 4 year­Type 1 Full tuition and fees. Room and board* for all 4 years. Navy (Must be currently enlisted personnel) STA-21 Seaman to Admiral

  13. Design of a Computerized Energy Management System for Marine Applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, B. D.; Perry, L. W.; Gerloff, G. W.; Heller, R. P.; Pankonien, G.

    1982-01-01

    A computer-based energy management system for marine applications is presented. The problem of fuel-management for large diesel engines on board ship is discussed. The design of the computer hardware and software are presented including...

  14. ! Postdoc in MARINE HYDROGEOLOGY ! EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCES "

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Andrew

    ): marine or terrestrial geothermics, numerical modeling of coupled flows (fluid-heat, fluid-solute), familiarity with reflection seismic, multibeam, and/or borehole geophysical data, cross-hole hydrogeologic

  15. Experiments on Surface Reconstruction for Partially Submerged Marine Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papadopoulos, Georgios

    Over the past 10 years, significant scientific effort has been dedicated to the problem of three-dimensional (3-D) surface reconstruction for structural systems. However, the critical area of marine structures remains ...

  16. Marine Fisheries On the cover: Transmission electron micro-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marine Fisheries ~@WD@~ On the cover: Transmission electron micro- graph of a myxosporidian. Kudoa by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington. DC 20402. Prices are: Single copy. $3. Washington. DC 20260. #12;

  17. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    year over the next 40 years, resulting in a 300 percent increase in emissions by 2050 (IEA 2008b). The projected growth rate of global marine transportation emissions is more...

  18. Metatranscriptomic analysis of autonomously collected and preserved marine bacterioplankton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ottesen, Elizabeth

    Planktonic microbial activity and community structure is dynamic, and can change dramatically on time scales of hours to days. Yet for logistical reasons, this temporal scale is typically under-sampled in the marine ...

  19. Final Report Survey of Hazardous Trees on Marine Corps Depot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolding, M. Chad

    1 Final Report Survey of Hazardous Trees on Marine Corps Depot Parris Island, South ............................................................................................................................... 10 Hazard Rating and Attributes ................................................................................................................... 26 #12;3 Abstract Surveying for hazardous trees is the first step

  20. Studies toward the total synthesis of the marine toxin, (-)-gymnodimine 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kong, Ke

    2009-05-15

    (-)-Gymnodimine is a member of a growing family of spirocylic imine containing marine natural products. The construction of the complete skeleton of (-)- gymnodimine has been accomplished in a convergent manner in 23 steps ...

  1. Microbial production and consumption of marine dissolved organic matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Jamie William

    2013-01-01

    Marine phytoplankton are the principal producers of oceanic dissolved organic matter (DOM), the organic substrate responsible for secondary production by heterotrophic microbes in the sea. Despite the importance of DOM in ...

  2. Infrastructure for large-scale tests in marine autonomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hummel, Robert A. (Robert Andrew)

    2012-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the development of infrastructure for research with large-scale autonomous marine vehicle fleets and the design of sampling trajectories for compressive sensing (CS). The newly developed infrastructure ...

  3. Iron limitation and the role of Siderophores in marine Synechococcus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivers, Adam R. (Adam Reid)

    2009-01-01

    Marine cyanobacteria in the genus Synechococcus are widely distributed and contribute significantly to global primary productivity. In many parts of the ocean their growth is limited by a lack of iron, an essential nutrient ...

  4. FY 2010 NOAA BUDGET HIGHLIGHTS (National Marine Fisheries Service)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : With these funds NMFS will conduct conservation and recovery actions for Hawaiian Monk Seals, Cook Inlet Beluga Whales, ice seals, and convene a new Take Reduction Team to reduce harmful interactions between marine

  5. Place Meaning and Attitudes toward Impacts on Marine Environments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wynveen, Christopher J.

    2010-10-12

    20 interviews to identify the meanings that recreational visitors ascribe to the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park (GBRMP) and to further explore how the symbolic interactionist framework can be used to understand place meanings. Ten place meaning themes...

  6. Marine Fisheries On the cover: An adult male

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marine Fisheries ~@\\YJD@W On the cover: An adult male northern fur seal, Callorhinus ursinus., in San Francisco Bay Impact of U.S. Wholesale Demand for Canned Sardines on Market Accessibility

  7. New Mariners and a Massive Map: Berkeley Computers Calculate...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    map. SDSS's Famous Places Gallery displays some great shots of galaxies, nebulae and supernovae. Map-making can be a massy business. Not a messy one -- though even ancient mariners...

  8. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benoit-Bird, Kelly J.

    in 1976. Fish abundance surveys via active acoustics are presently a standard stock assessment tool (Mac consent of the publisher Contribution to the Theme Section `Acoustics in marine ecology' OPENPEN

  9. Name __________________ Exploring Marine Science at the Seymour Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Name __________________ Exploring Marine Science at the Seymour Center SH 9/08 Asking Questions at the Seymour Center SH 9/08 Asking Questions Page 2 of 2 Asking Questions (Aquarium Tanks): ANSWER KEY Read all

  10. Managing for ocean biodiversity to sustain marine ecosystem services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palumbi, Stephen R.; Sandifer, Paul A.; Allan, J. David; Beck, Michael W.; Fautin, Daphne G.; Fogarty, Michael J.; Halpern, Benjamin S.; Incze, Lewis S.; Leong, Jo-Ann C.; Norse, Elliott; Stachowicz, John J.; Wall, Diana H.

    2009-05-01

    Managing a complex ecosystem to balance delivery of all of its services is at the heart of ecosystem-based management. But how can this balance be accomplished amidst the conflicting demands of stakeholders, managers, and policy makers? In marine...

  11. Field Investigations And Temperature-Gradient Drilling At Marine...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Field Investigations And Temperature-Gradient Drilling At Marine Corps Air-Ground Combat Center (Mcagcc), Twenty-Nine Palms, Ca Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference...

  12. Marine Corps Leadership Lessons for the Workplace: A Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiechmann, Jeff R.

    2011-12-16

    The United States Marine Corps is a military organization and institution recognized for the past 236 years as the nation’s finest fighting force. Their structure, traditions, and approach to leadership are emulated worldwide as the model...

  13. The Traffic Circle of Life Anna Nagurney

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    gallons of wasted fuel ­ enough to fill 4 New Orleans Superdomes. Anna Nagurney The Traffic Circle of Life

  14. Seymour Marine Discovery Center By renting the Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab, you are helping the support our public education programs and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Seymour Marine Discovery Center By renting the Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab, you are helping): __________________________ Pick-up (date, time): _________________________ How did you hear about Seymour Center facility rentals

  15. LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF BIOFUEL SUGARCANE PRODUCED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF BIOFUEL SUGARCANE PRODUCED IN MINERAL SOILS IN FLORIDA 1/11/2013 Technical Report Prepared by: Jose-Luis Izursa #12;LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF BIOFUEL SUGARCANE PRODUCED IN MINERAL.............................................................................................. 10 3.3. Life Cycle Impact Assessment Methodology and Impact Categories

  16. Life Cycle Assessment of Three Water Scenarios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Arturo A.

    1 Life Cycle Assessment of Three Water Scenarios: Importation, Reclamation, and Desalination Erin and Environmental Engineering Arizona State University #12;Life Cycle Assessment · Described by International · Data analyzed and categorized · Find impacts on planet and humans #12;Life Cycle Assessment Extraction

  17. LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF BIOFUEL SUGARCANE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF BIOFUEL SUGARCANE PRODUCED IN ORGANIC SOILS IN FLORIDA 1/15/2013 Technical Report Prepared by: Jose-Luis Izursa #12;LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF BIOFUEL SUGARCANE PRODUCED IN ORGANIC.............................................................................................. 10 3.3. Life Cycle Impact Assessment Methodology and Impact Categories

  18. VALUATION FOR LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    VALUATION FOR LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF WASTE MANAGEMENT OPTIONS by Jane C. Powell David Pearce and Inger Brisson CSERGE Working Paper WM 95-07 #12;VALUATION FOR LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF WASTE MANAGEMENT-use, recycling and source reduction. The context of the study is life cycle assessment (LCA), which seeks

  19. Life Cycle Assessment of Hydrogen Production via

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gille, Sarah T.

    Life Cycle Assessment of Hydrogen Production via Natural Gas Steam Reforming Revised February 2001 February 2001 · NREL/TP-570-27637 Life Cycle Assessment of Hydrogen Production via Natural Gas Steam particulates benzene Airemissions,excludingCO2(g/kgofH2) EXECUTIVE SUMMARY A life cycle assessment (LCA

  20. Life on Earth. II The Hadean Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Frederick M.

    cools, rain replenished oceans Life appeared with 100 Myr of end of great bombardment Did life reform atmosphere, given energy (UV photons or lightning) Life probably began in water, not on land #12;Black (metabolized by thermophiles) #12;Origin in the Ocean ·Water protects against UV radiation ·Water is needed

  1. Sun Life Financial (Sun Life) Benefit Adjudication Effective December 1, 2008, Sun Life became the health and dental benefits carrier for active

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun Life Financial (Sun Life) Benefit Adjudication Effective December 1, 2008, Sun Life became to maintain the level of benefits coverage with Sun Life. Sun Life has identified a number of GWL practices not been processed by Sun Life The Pension & Benefits office was advised by GWL that they would process all

  2. Implementing marine organic aerosols into the GEOS-Chem model

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Gantt, B.; Johnson, M. S.; Crippa, M.; Prévôt, A. S. H.; Meskhidze, N.

    2015-03-17

    Marine-sourced organic aerosols (MOAs) have been shown to play an important role in tropospheric chemistry by impacting surface mass, cloud condensation nuclei, and ice nuclei concentrations over remote marine and coastal regions. In this work, an online marine primary organic aerosol emission parameterization, designed to be used for both global and regional models, was implemented into the GEOS-Chem (Global Earth Observing System Chemistry) model. The implemented emission scheme improved the large underprediction of organic aerosol concentrations in clean marine regions (normalized mean bias decreases from -79% when using the default settings to -12% when marine organic aerosols are added). Modelmore »predictions were also in good agreement (correlation coefficient of 0.62 and normalized mean bias of -36%) with hourly surface concentrations of MOAs observed during the summertime at an inland site near Paris, France. Our study shows that MOAs have weaker coastal-to-inland concentration gradients than sea-salt aerosols, leading to several inland European cities having >10% of their surface submicron organic aerosol mass concentration with a marine source. The addition of MOA tracers to GEOS-Chem enabled us to identify the regions with large contributions of freshly emitted or aged aerosol having distinct physicochemical properties, potentially indicating optimal locations for future field studies.« less

  3. Implementing marine organic aerosols into the GEOS-Chem model

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Gantt, B.; Johnson, M. S.; Crippa, M.; Prévôt, A. S. H.; Meskhidze, N.

    2014-09-09

    Marine organic aerosols (MOA) have been shown to play an important role in tropospheric chemistry by impacting surface mass, cloud condensation nuclei, and ice nuclei concentrations over remote marine and coastal regions. In this work, an online marine primary organic aerosol emission parameterization, designed to be used for both global and regional models, was implemented into the GEOS-Chem model. The implemented emission scheme improved the large underprediction of organic aerosol concentrations in clean marine regions (normalized mean bias decreases from -79% when using the default settings to -12% when marine organic aerosols are added). Model predictions were also in goodmore »agreement (correlation coefficient of 0.62 and normalized mean bias of -36%) with hourly surface concentrations of MOA observed during the summertime at an inland site near Paris, France. Our study shows that MOA have weaker coastal-to-inland concentration gradients than sea-salt aerosols, leading to several inland European cities having > 10% of their surface submicron organic aerosol mass concentration with a marine source. The addition of MOA tracers to GEOS-Chem enabled us to identify the regions with large contributions of freshly-emitted or aged aerosol having distinct physicochemical properties, potentially indicating optimal locations for future field studies.« less

  4. Sources and composition of submicron organic mass in marine aerosol particles

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Frossard, Amanda A.; Russell, Lynn M.; Burrows, Susannah M.; Elliott, Scott M.; Bates, Timothy S.; Quinn, Patricia K.

    2014-11-27

    Recent studies have proposed a variety of interpretations of the sources and composition of atmospheric marine aerosol particles (aMA) based on a range of physical and chemical measurements collected during open-ocean research cruises. To investigate the processes that affect marine organic particles, this study uses the characteristic functional group composition (from Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy) of aMAP from five ocean regions to show that: (i) The organic functional group composition of aMAP that can be identified as atmospheric primary marine (ocean-derived) aerosol (aPMA) is 65±12% hydroxyl, 21±9% alkane, 6±6% amine, and 7±8% carboxylic acid functional groups. Contributions from photochemicalmore »reactions add carboxylic acid groups (15%-25%), shipping effluent in seawater and ship emissions add additional alkane groups (up to 70%), and coastal emissions mix in alkane and carboxylic acid groups from coastal pollution sources. (ii) The organic composition of aPMA is nearly identical to model generated primary marine aerosol particles (gPMA) from bubbled seawater (55% hydroxyl, 32% alkane, and 13% amine functional groups), indicating that its overall functional group composition is the direct consequence of the organic constituents of the seawater source. (iii) While the seawater organic functional group composition was nearly invariant across all three ocean regions studied, the gPMA alkane group fraction increased with chlorophyll-a concentrations (r = 0.79). gPMA from productive seawater had a larger fraction of alkane functional groups (35%) compared to gPMA from non-productive seawater (16%), likely due to the presence of surfactants in productive seawater that stabilize the bubble film and lead to preferential drainage of the more soluble (lower alkane group fraction) organic components. gPMA has a hydroxyl group absorption peak location characteristic of monosaccharides and disaccharides, where the seawater OM hydroxyl group peak location is closer to that of polysaccharides. This may result from the larger saccharides preferentially remaining in the seawater during gPMA and aPMA production« less

  5. Sources and Composition of Submicron Organic Mass in Marine Aerosol Particles

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Frossard, Amanda; Russell, Lynn; Burrows, Susannah M.; Elliott, Scott; Bates, Timothy S.; Quinn, P. K.

    2014-11-27

    Recent studies have proposed a variety of interpretations of the sources and composition of atmospheric marine aerosol particles (aMAP) based on a range of physical and chemical measurements collected during open-ocean research cruises. To investigate the processes that affect marine organic particles, this study uses the characteristic functional group composition (from Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy) of aMAP from five ocean regions to show that: (i) The organic functional group composition of aMAP that can be identified as atmospheric primary marine (ocean-derived) aerosol (aPMA) is 65±12% hydroxyl, 21±9% alkane, 6±6% amine, and 7±8% carboxylic acid functional groups. Contributions from photochemical reactions add carboxylic acid groups (15%-25%), shipping effluent in seawater and ship emissions add additional alkane groups (up to 70%), and coastal emissions mix in alkane and carboxylic acid groups from coastal pollution sources. (ii) The organic composition of aPMA is nearly identical to model generated primary marine aerosol particles (gPMA) from bubbled seawater (55% hydroxyl, 32% alkane, and 13% amine functional groups), indicating that its overall functional group composition is the direct consequence of the organic constituents of the seawater source. (iii) While the seawater organic functional group composition was nearly invariant across all three ocean regions studied, the gPMA alkane group fraction increased with chlorophyll-a concentrations (r = 0.79). gPMA from productive seawater had a larger fraction of alkane functional groups (35%) compared to gPMA from non-productive seawater (16%), likely due to the presence of surfactants in productive seawater that stabilize the bubble film and lead to preferential drainage of the more soluble (lower alkane group fraction) organic components. gPMA has a hydroxyl group absorption peak location characteristic of monosaccharides and disaccharides, where the seawater OM hydroxyl group peak location is closer to that of polysaccharides. This may result from the larger saccharides preferentially remaining in the seawater during gPMA and aPMA production

  6. Sources and composition of submicron organic mass in marine aerosol particles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frossard, Amanda A.; Russell, Lynn M.; Burrows, Susannah M.; Elliott, Scott M.; Bates, Timothy S.; Quinn, Patricia K.

    2014-11-27

    Recent studies have proposed a variety of interpretations of the sources and composition of atmospheric marine aerosol particles (aMA) based on a range of physical and chemical measurements collected during open-ocean research cruises. To investigate the processes that affect marine organic particles, this study uses the characteristic functional group composition (from Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy) of aMAP from five ocean regions to show that: (i) The organic functional group composition of aMAP that can be identified as atmospheric primary marine (ocean-derived) aerosol (aPMA) is 65±12% hydroxyl, 21±9% alkane, 6±6% amine, and 7±8% carboxylic acid functional groups. Contributions from photochemical reactions add carboxylic acid groups (15%-25%), shipping effluent in seawater and ship emissions add additional alkane groups (up to 70%), and coastal emissions mix in alkane and carboxylic acid groups from coastal pollution sources. (ii) The organic composition of aPMA is nearly identical to model generated primary marine aerosol particles (gPMA) from bubbled seawater (55% hydroxyl, 32% alkane, and 13% amine functional groups), indicating that its overall functional group composition is the direct consequence of the organic constituents of the seawater source. (iii) While the seawater organic functional group composition was nearly invariant across all three ocean regions studied, the gPMA alkane group fraction increased with chlorophyll-a concentrations (r = 0.79). gPMA from productive seawater had a larger fraction of alkane functional groups (35%) compared to gPMA from non-productive seawater (16%), likely due to the presence of surfactants in productive seawater that stabilize the bubble film and lead to preferential drainage of the more soluble (lower alkane group fraction) organic components. gPMA has a hydroxyl group absorption peak location characteristic of monosaccharides and disaccharides, where the seawater OM hydroxyl group peak location is closer to that of polysaccharides. This may result from the larger saccharides preferentially remaining in the seawater during gPMA and aPMA production

  7. Department of Biology and Marine Biology Merit Scholarship Fund: The Department of Biology and Marine Biology Merit Scholarship is hereby created as a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    Department of Biology and Marine Biology Merit Scholarship Fund: The Department of Biology and Marine Biology Merit Scholarship is hereby created as a named fund at the University of North Carolina at Wilmington. The scholarship is being created by the Department of Biology and Marine Biology and will be used

  8. Vehicle Manufacturing Futures in Transportation Life-cycle Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

    2011-01-01

    2006)] SimaPro Life-Cycle Assessment Software by Productin Transportation Life-cycle Assessment Mikhail Chester andin Transportation Life-cycle Assessment Mikhail Chester

  9. Geographically Differentiated Life-cycle Impact Assessment of Human Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humbert, Sebastien

    2009-01-01

    schemes adopted in life-cycle assessment, such as archetypeshealth response in life-cycle assessment using ED10s andmanagement: Life-cycle assessment: Principles and framework.

  10. Does Daylight Savings Time Affect Traffic Accidents? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deen, Sophia 1988-

    2012-04-20

    This paper studies the effect of changes in accident pattern due to Daylight Savings Time (DST). The extension of the DST in 2007 provides a natural experiment to determine whether the number of traffic accidents is affected by shifts in hours...

  11. Environmental issues affecting clean coal technology deployment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, M.J. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)

    1997-12-31

    The author outlines what he considers to be the key environmental issues affecting Clean Coal Technology (CCT) deployment both in the US and internationally. Since the international issues are difficult to characterize given different environmental drivers in various countries and regions, the primary focus of his remarks is on US deployment. However, he makes some general remarks, particularly regarding the environmental issues in developing vs. developed countries and how these issues may affect CCT deployment. Further, how environment affects deployment depends on which particular type of clean coal technology one is addressing. It is not the author`s intention to mention many specific technologies other than to use them for the purposes of example. He generally categorizes CCTs into four groups since environment is likely to affect deployment for each category somewhat differently. These four categories are: Precombustion technologies such as coal cleaning; Combustion technologies such as low NOx burners; Postcombustion technologies such as FGD systems and postcombustion NOx control; and New generation technologies such as gasification and fluidized bed combustion.

  12. Solvent dramatically affects protein structure refinement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Summa, Christopher M.

    Solvent dramatically affects protein structure refinement Gaurav Chopraa , Christopher M. Summab, fold and function in aqueous solution in vivo and in vitro. In this work, we study the role of solvent explicit and implicit solvent were performed on a set of 75 native proteins to test the various energy

  13. Matt Charette has been pulling off the floorboards in Earth's basement to reveal a hidden plumbing system that pumps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buesseler, Ken

    significantly affect marine life and the ocean's chemistry. "It can be helpful or harmful," said Charette, in groundwater. These are produced by the radioactive decay of uranium and thorium in sediments within concentrations of other trace elements to see how the groundwater is affecting ocean chemistry and marine life

  14. Fire safety of LPG in marine transportation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martinsen, W.E.; Johnson, D.W.; Welker, J.R.

    1980-08-01

    This report contains an analytical examination of cargo spill and fire hazard potential associated with the marine handling of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) as cargo. Principal emphasis was on cargo transfer operations for ships unloading at receiving terminals, and barges loading or unloading at a terminal. Major safety systems, including emergency shutdown systems, hazard detection systems, and fire extinguishment and control systems were included in the analysis. Spill probabilities were obtained from fault tree analyses utilizing composite LPG tank ship and barge designs. Failure rates for hardware in the analyses were generally taken from historical data on similar generic classes of hardware, there being very little historical data on the specific items involved. Potential consequences of cargo spills of various sizes are discussed and compared to actual LPG vapor cloud incidents. The usefulness of hazard mitigation systems (particularly dry chemical fire extinguishers and water spray systems) in controlling the hazards posed by LPG spills and spill fires is also discussed. The analysis estimates the probability of fatality for a terminal operator is about 10/sup -6/ to 10/sup -5/ per cargo transfer operation. The probability of fatality for the general public is substantially less.

  15. Technology development life cycle processes.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beck, David Franklin

    2013-05-01

    This report and set of appendices are a collection of memoranda originally drafted in 2009 for the purpose of providing motivation and the necessary background material to support the definition and integration of engineering and management processes related to technology development. At the time there was interest and support to move from Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) Level One (ad hoc processes) to Level Three. As presented herein, the material begins with a survey of open literature perspectives on technology development life cycles, including published data on %E2%80%9Cwhat went wrong.%E2%80%9D The main thrust of the material presents a rational expose%CC%81 of a structured technology development life cycle that uses the scientific method as a framework, with further rigor added from adapting relevant portions of the systems engineering process. The material concludes with a discussion on the use of multiple measures to assess technology maturity, including consideration of the viewpoint of potential users.

  16. U.S. Life Cycle Inventory Database Roadmap (Brochure) | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    U.S. Life Cycle Inventory Database Roadmap (Brochure) U.S. Life Cycle Inventory Database Roadmap (Brochure) Life cycle inventory data are the primary inputs for conducting life...

  17. Environment Affects Market Value of Eggs. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, William S.; Schlamb, Kermit F.; Beanblossom, Floyd Z.

    1955-01-01

    . Since time, temperature and humidity affect these fac- tors as well as weight, favorable environment is highly irn- 1 portant from the time eggs are laid until used. I I The California Agricultural Experiment Station reports , that albumen quality... and absorb odors readily when close to or held in cooler with other products having strong odors such as onions and kerosene. Careful consideration should be given as to where eggs are to be kept. Unfavor- able results from such surroundings usually...

  18. Maps, Networks and a Sea That Won’t Conform: Thinking Critically About Marine Spatial Planning in Scotland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Glen

    Scotland has adopted marine spatial planning (MSP) as a key instrument of its National Marine Plan. This follows a global trend in shifting marine governance techniques. MSP is turn away from sectoral governance of the sea ...

  19. Modules M.Sc. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Title of the module Cell physiology of marine organisms: cellular energy budget

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diekmann, Martin

    Cell physiology of marine organisms: cellular energy budget and metabolic fingerprinting Term of environmental factors such as temperature on cell metabolism of marine ectothermal organisms - Conceptual Deepening the knowledge of cell physiology of marine ectotherms. Topics will be: - Environmental impact

  20. Marine sediment-derived actinomycetes : prolific sources of new molecules with the potential for the treatment and prevention of cancer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Eric David

    2007-01-01

    Hexadepsipeptides from a Marine-Derived Bacterium of theHexadepsipeptides from a Marine-Derived Bacterium of theHexadepsipeptides from a Marine-Derived Bacterium of the