Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "advocate wanda reder" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Wanda  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

She may not be destined for Hollywood, but WANDA, one of the world's first nanomaterials synthesis robots, is making her mark by creating nanocrystals with unprecedented precision.

None

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

2

Wanda Smith  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Wanda lives near Rockwood and is the owner of a convenience store in Pine Orchard. She is a graduate of Harriman High School and is a former member of Head Start, the Morgan County Industrial Board...

3

U.S. Department of Energy Electricity Advisory Committee Meeting  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Pennsylvania Consumer Advocate Wanda Reder S&C Electric Company Brad Roberts Electricity Storage Association Honorable Tom Sloan Kansas House of Representatives Richard...

4

U.S. Department of Energy Electricity Advisory Committee Meeting  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Pennsylvania Consumer Advocate Wanda Reder S&C Electric Company Brad Roberts Electricity Storage Association Honorable Tom Sloan Kansas House of Representatives Barry...

5

Wanda Woods | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption byAbout Printable Version Bookmark andStudentApprovalofWanda

6

Wanda M. Austin | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of EnergyofProject is onModeling andReportandVDepartment ofWRITTENWalkin' inWanda

7

Advocate Newsletters | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power Systems EngineeringDepartment of EnergyAbout UsAdvanced Modeling2CivilAdverse7 -Advocate

8

Who Is the Advocate? Stakeholders for Sustainability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Who Is the Advocate? Stakeholders for Sustainability Birgit Penzenstadler, Henning Femmer Software@uci.edu Abstract--While the research community has started working on sustainable software engineering recently are the people who actually have an interest in improving the sustainability of a specific software system

Cengarle, María Victoria

9

Electricity Advisory Committee Meeting Presentations September...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Anne Pramaggiore, ComEd Audrey Zibelman, NY PSC Kris Mayes, ASU-SDOCL Chuck Goldman, LBNL Presentation - EAC Smart Grid Subcommittee Activities and Plans - Wanda Reder...

10

U.S. Department of Energy Electricity Advisory Committee Meeting  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Electric Reliability Corporation Wanda Reder S&C Electric Company Brad Roberts Electricity Storage Association The Honorable Tom Sloan Kansas House of Representatives Gordon...

11

Presentation to the EAC - Smart Grid Subcommittee Work Plan Status...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Electricity Advisory Committee Smart Grid Subcommittee Work Plan Status Joe Paladino - DOE Wanda Reder - EAC Smart Grid Sub- Committee Chair June 12, 2012 * Considerations: - Build...

12

E-Print Network 3.0 - active transport advocate Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1) The survivor, not the advocate, should guide the direction and activities of the intervention... . This does not mean the advocate is not ... Source: Liu, Taosheng -...

13

E-Print Network 3.0 - advocates effective government Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 ADVOCATE: A DISTRIBUTED VOICE-ORIENTED COMPUTING ARCHITECTURE Gregory Bramble Summary: such as Advocate is most effective when it has features...

14

LYNNE M. REDER Department of Psychology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 2017 Elected Member-at-Large of AAAS 2010 Elected Member of MDRS 1978 Elected Member Psychonomic University 2007 Elected member Society of Experimental Psychologists Faculty, Center for the Neural Basis.; Dewolf, M.; Keinath & A. Liu, X. (2013). Identical vs. Conceptual repetition FN400 and Parietal Old

Creswell, J. David

15

Oil drilling to use LSU process Show Caption BILL FEIG/THE ADVOCATE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is providing Tiger Bullets to two major exploration and production companies, one in the Fayetteville ShaleBUSINESS Oil drilling to use LSU process Show Caption BILL FEIG/THE ADVOCATE Advocate staff process to make wood-plastic composites has found a new application in the oil and gas business

16

Migrant Scribes and Poet-Advocates: U.S. Filipino Literary History in West Coast Periodicals, 1905 to 1941  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TS, Nov. 1931. ?Filipino Poet on His Way Home,? TS, Aug.Migrant Scribes and Poet-Advocates: U.S. Filipino LiteraryAbstract Migrant Scribes and Poet-Advocates: U.S. Filipino

Vengua, Jean

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

E-Print Network 3.0 - advocates network wepan Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Anne Bunde-Birouste Summary: Granville High School, May 22, 2009 Blacktown Advocate, Boots and All Fun, Apr 20, 2009 Liverpool Leader... , Soccer a Handy Tool, Apr 8, 2009...

18

Advocate Articles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc Documentation RUCProductstwrmrAre theAdministratorCFM LEAP AircraftAdvancing art200Advisory

19

educating | innovating | transforming | advocating | strengthening vulnerable families social workuniversity of illinois at urbana-champaign  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

educating | innovating | transforming | advocating | strengthening vulnerable families social innovative efforts and collaborations are having on the lives of people in need. Whose lives? Those of · Low to work through the social barriers hindering the project. "We needed to gain trust from the local

Gilbert, Matthew

20

UC Student Sustainability Survey Dr Matt Morris, Sustainability Advocate, UC Sustainability Office, October 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 2013 UC Student Sustainability Survey Dr Matt Morris, Sustainability Advocate, UC Sustainability (but like the 2011 survey, n=300) it also asked about specific sustainability initiatives on campus the findings from the 2012 survey, again indicating a strong level of student interest in sustainability

Hickman, Mark

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "advocate wanda reder" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

UC Student Sustainability Survey Dr Matt Morris, Sustainability Advocate, UC Sustainability Office, October 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 2012 UC Student Sustainability Survey Dr Matt Morris, Sustainability Advocate, UC Sustainability the results of the inaugural 2011 UC Sustainability Survey, and partly to test an alternative method asked questions relating to attitudes to and awareness of sustainability, as well as knowledge

Hickman, Mark

22

The first Power and Energy Conference at Illinois was hosted  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ingenuity The first Power and Energy Conference at Illinois was hosted successfully February 12 STORY >> Students organize first Power and Energy Conference at Illinois By Susan Kantor ECE graduate by Tom Moone The keynote speaker at the first Power and Energy Conference at Illinois was Wanda Reder

Liu, Gang "Logan"

23

Organization & Description Purchasing Agent 10000 Chancellor Wanda Chilson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Internal Audit Josh Van Dyck 13115 Risk Mgmt, Safety & Security Leigh Murray 13200 Human Resources AVC Pierce 14250 High Voltage Shop Doug Pierce 14300 Facilities Management Zone 6 Doug Pierce 14350 FM Energy City Campus Sharon Caruthers 15200 School of Architecture Sharon Caruthers 15210 Col of Arts

Xie,Jiang (Linda)

24

For many years, I have been a strong advocate of the notion that economic development must be an explicit mission element of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the context of real-world systems of product and process realization and market economics. That is the worldHARD COPY For many years, I have been a strong advocate of the notion that economic development diminishes the flow of students into American universities. We emphasize economic development at NJIT because

Bieber, Michael

25

Advocate newsletter - July 2014.indd  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

the weed killer metolachlor, the refrigerant Freon, and radon, a highly radioactive gas. Another presentation dealt with an oil spill from the Pegasus pipeline. Th e Pegasus...

26

Beryllium Health Advocates - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to someone6 M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi,BenefitsBerkeleyGWDiagnosticFAQsHealth

27

Politics -Campaign 2006: Oil tax bid hatched by unlikely advocate -... http://www.sacbee.com/content/politics/story/14308686p-15198983c... 1 of 4 8/26/06 7:14 PM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Politics - Campaign 2006: Oil tax bid hatched by unlikely advocate -... http up with a big idea -- forcing oil companies pumping crude from California fields to pay an extraction and well-heeled backers, Proposition 87 is facing heavy opposition from the oil industry that has donated

Kammen, Daniel M.

28

Bill Soltis is an entrepreneur, an excellent businessman and, with his wife Wanda, the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, hydro-electric and wind energy," and "making the world a better place." Second, Soltis expressed and would like to see Texas A&M promote sustainable agricultural methods that would provide an economical business life: Envirco in Albuquerque, New Mexico, and Filterlab and Lepco in Houston, Texas. All three

29

Western Resource Advocates | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperative Jump to: navigation,Western Cooling Efficiency CenterAssociation

30

Advocate Good Samaritan Hospital Advocate Good Samaritan Hospital, an acute-care medical facility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improvement recognized it as an international best practice. ·Using Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA

Magee, Joseph W.

31

Dynamic pricing for residential electric customers: a ratepayer advocate's perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New Jersey's Rate Counsel urges that the consideration of alternative pricing mechanisms aimed at encouraging a reduction or shift in residential electricity usage include recognition of the needs and wishes of consumers. Without consumer buy-in, any such pricing mechanisms will fail. To achieve the desired goals, customers must be able to understand and react to the pricing signals. (author)

Brand, Stefanie A.

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

32

2005 CHP Action Agenda: Innovating, Advocating, and Delivering...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Solutions, October 2005 More than five years since the CHP Challenge and Industry Roadmap was released, this document is intended to provide the situational context in which...

33

ADVOCATING FOR OUR COMMUNITIES 870 MARKET STREET, SUITE 823  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the gender marker on a California birth certificate with an appropriate court order (California Health claims) · Birth Certificate ­ name and gender marker may be changed pursuant to a court order. Old birth). (Attachment F ­ CA Dept of Vital Records Publication on Birth Certificate Change) · Passport ­ name may

Gleeson, Joseph G.

34

Comments by the National Association of State Utility Consumer Advocates |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTieCelebrate Earth Codes andDepartment| Department ofCommentsDepartment

35

Comments by the National Association of State Utility Consumer Advocates |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTieCelebrate Earth Codes andDepartment| Department

36

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Advocate Health Care | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment of Energyof Energy ThisJanuaryPeer Exchange Call:Department

37

Advocate - Issue 41 - January 2011 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South ValleyASGovLtr.pdfAboutSheet, AprilEdwardDepartmentInformation22, 2014 -1

38

Advocate - Issue 42 - April 2011 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South ValleyASGovLtr.pdfAboutSheet, AprilEdwardDepartmentInformation22, 2014

39

Advocate - Issue 43 - July 2011 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South ValleyASGovLtr.pdfAboutSheet, AprilEdwardDepartmentInformation22, 20143 -

40

Advocate - Issue 44 - October 2011 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South ValleyASGovLtr.pdfAboutSheet, AprilEdwardDepartmentInformation22, 20143

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "advocate wanda reder" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Advocate - Issue 45 - January 2012 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South ValleyASGovLtr.pdfAboutSheet, AprilEdwardDepartmentInformation22, 201435

42

Advocate - Issue 46 - April 2012 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South ValleyASGovLtr.pdfAboutSheet, AprilEdwardDepartmentInformation22, 2014356

43

Advocate - Issue 47 - July 2012 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South ValleyASGovLtr.pdfAboutSheet, AprilEdwardDepartmentInformation22,

44

Advocate - Issue 48 - October 2012 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South ValleyASGovLtr.pdfAboutSheet, AprilEdwardDepartmentInformation22,8 -

45

Advocate - Issue 49 - January 2013 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South ValleyASGovLtr.pdfAboutSheet, AprilEdwardDepartmentInformation22,8 -9 -

46

Advocate - Issue 50 - April 2013 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South ValleyASGovLtr.pdfAboutSheet, AprilEdwardDepartmentInformation22,8 -9 -0

47

Advocate - Issue 51 - July 2013 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South ValleyASGovLtr.pdfAboutSheet, AprilEdwardDepartmentInformation22,8 -9 -01

48

Advocate - Issue 52 - October 2013 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South ValleyASGovLtr.pdfAboutSheet, AprilEdwardDepartmentInformation22,8 -9

49

Advocate - Issue 54- April 2014 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South ValleyASGovLtr.pdfAboutSheet, AprilEdwardDepartmentInformation22,8 -94-

50

Advocate - Issue 55-July 2014 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South ValleyASGovLtr.pdfAboutSheet, AprilEdwardDepartmentInformation22,8

51

Advocate newsletter - April 2015 for webpage.indd  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South ValleyASGovLtr.pdfAboutSheet, AprilEdwardDepartmentInformation22,8Program

52

2005 CHP Action Agenda: Innovating, Advocating, and Delivering Solutions,  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from theDepartment( Sample of Shipment Notice)1021STATE ENERGY3 CommercialOctober 2005

53

Efficiency Advocates' Ex Parte Communication | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergyIDIQ Contract ESPC IDIQEnergy EdisonNon-Road Engines,Communication

54

Advocate - Issue 53 - January 2014 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power Systems EngineeringDepartment of EnergyAbout UsAdvanced Modeling2CivilAdverse Diversity3

55

Advocate - Issue 56 - October 2014 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power Systems EngineeringDepartment of EnergyAbout UsAdvanced Modeling2CivilAdverse

56

Advocate - Issue 57 - January 2015 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power Systems EngineeringDepartment of EnergyAbout UsAdvanced Modeling2CivilAdverse7 - January

57

Advocate - Issue 58 - April 2015 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power Systems EngineeringDepartment of EnergyAbout UsAdvanced Modeling2CivilAdverse7 -

58

The Appraisal Process: Be Your Own Advocate | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from theDepartment of Energy TechnicalFlow RoomTexas(EAP) Bulletin,(EAP)(EAP)The

59

Competition Advocates and Task-Order and Delivery Order Ombudsman |  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartmentStewardshipAdministration helps|STEMChernobylMarch 2015 NMMSS

60

16 November/December 2010 global aquaculture advocate global aquaculture advocate November/December 2010 17 Integrated multi-trophic aquaculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, but also provide waste reduction services. Once nutrients enter coastal ecosystems, the use of extractive and phosphorus, making extractive aquaculture a good candidate for nutrient trading credits (NTCs). Pre- liminary that the annual harvesting of kelp would equate to the removal of 35.75 mt of nitrogen from the ecosystem

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "advocate wanda reder" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

38 September/October 2010 global aquaculture advocate global aquaculture advocate September/October 2010 39 The global seafood industry is at a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is not dilution, but extraction and conver- sion of the excess nutrients and energy into other commercial crops involves cultivating fed species with extractive species that utilize the inorganic and organic wastes from of natural ecosystems. All the cultivation components have commercial value, as well as key roles

62

Recharging U.S. Energy Policy: Advocating for a National Renewable Portfolio Standard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wind, geother- mal, hydroelectric, wave/tidal, biomass orsolid waste, or new hydroelectric genera- tion capacitycapacity at an existing hydroelectric project." 24 Although

Lunt, Robin J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Recharging U.S. Energy Policy: Advocating for a National Renewable Portfolio Standard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a national renewable energy policy. A. Australia'sEnergy Agency, Global Renewable Energy Policies and Measuresare listed. The Renewable Energy Policy Network states that

Lunt, Robin J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Recharging U.S. Energy Policy: Advocating for a National Renewable Portfolio Standard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to fa- cilitate renewable energy production growth in theat pro- moting renewable energy production in the memberof significant renewable energy production in the U.S. also

Lunt, Robin J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Women in Engineering Program Advocates Network (WEPAN): Evaluation of the seventh annual conference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary goals of the 1996 WEPAN Conference were to: (1) Conduct technical and programmatic seminars for institutions desiring to initiate, replicate, or expand women in engineering programs; (2) Provide assistance in fundraising and grant writing; (3) Profile women in engineering programs of excellence; (4) Sponsor inspiring, knowledgeable and motivational keynote speakers; and, (5) Offer a series of workshops focused on topics such as: establishing partnerships with industry, current research findings, retention strategies, issues affecting special populations, and early intervention techniques. In an effort to provide greater access for women to engineering careers, women in engineering program directors at Purdue University, Stevens Institute of Technology and the University of Washington joined together in 1990 to establish WEPAN, a national network of individuals interested in the recruitment, admission, retention, and graduation of women engineering students. This is the seventh year of operation. Success of this effort has been reflected in numerous ways: increased membership in the organization; increased number of women in engineering programs; increased number of women graduating in engineering; and grants from the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Science Foundation, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the AT&T Foundation, and many other corporations to carry out the goals of WEPAN. The Seventh Annual Women in Engineering Conference entitled, Capitalizing on Today`s Challenges, was held in Denver, Colorado on June 1-4, 1996 at the Hyatt Regency. The conference brought together representatives from academia, government, and industry and examined current issues and initiatives for women in technology, science, and education. Building on the successes of the previous conferences, the seventh conference offered a new variety of speakers and topics.

Brainard, S.G.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Recharging U.S. Energy Policy: Advocating for a National Renewable Portfolio Standard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

states with strong renewable resources that efficientlymust be derived from renewable resources." 40 Although RPSseek the lowest cost renewable resources without having to

Lunt, Robin J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Brussels advocates a lone rider for ITER 09/22/2004 Edition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can advance alone to establish the thermonuclear reactor experimental ITER in Cadarache. France in the construction of the future experimental thermonuclear reactor ITER, if Brussels does not manage to convince

68

Recharging U.S. Energy Policy: Advocating for a National Renewable Portfolio Standard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electricity generated from the following sources qualifies as renewable energy: "solar thermal electric, photovoltaics, landfill gas, wind, biomass, geothermal

Lunt, Robin J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Recharging U.S. Energy Policy: Advocating for a National Renewable Portfolio Standard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for sup- porting renewable energy growth. 106 The Europeanfa- cilitate renewable energy production growth in the E.U.renewable energy and support renewable electricity's growth.

Lunt, Robin J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Recharging U.S. Energy Policy: Advocating for a National Renewable Portfolio Standard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy (DSIRE) isfor State Incentives for Renewable Energy, Renewablefor State Incentives for Renewable Energy, Renewable

Lunt, Robin J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

E-Print Network 3.0 - advocates expanded delivery Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

POLICY AND MANAGEMENT JULY 14, 2010 Summary: DELIVERY SYSTEM REDESIGN The US health care delivery system is expensive, fragmented, highly decentralized... , efficient, and...

72

Recharging U.S. Energy Policy: Advocating for a National Renewable Portfolio Standard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tax credits for the development of clean coal facilities andalso directly funds clean coal research and development.Energy Tech. Lab. , Clean Coal Power Initiative: Program

Lunt, Robin J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

EM Wins Award for Role as Strong Small Businesses Advocate | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana.Program - LibbyofThisStatement ||More Emphasis onEnergy One

74

Efficiency Advocates' Ex Parte Communication with DOE on June 20, 2014 |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergyIDIQ Contract ESPC IDIQEnergy EdisonNon-Road Engines,

75

AHRI/Advocate Ex Parte Memo 2.5.15 Meeting | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energyon ArmedWaste and Materials2014 ChiefEnergy Furnace NOPR,Communication

76

Y-12 honors companies, advocates for small-business success | Y-12 National  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption byAbout SRNL Home SRNL mainEmployeesresearch reactorSecurity

77

ORSSAB Members | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Read Bio Claire RowcliffeRead Bio Mary Smalling Member Read Bio Wanda Smith Member Read Bio Coralie (Corkie) Staley Member Read Bio Scott Stout Member...

78

Miocene structure of Mustang Island, Mustang Island East Addition and part of Matagorda Island, Outer Continental Shelf areas, Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the contemporaneous growth faults of the Corsair-Wanda system. The Corsair fault is an extensive, listric, mostly concave up growth fault that diagonally runs through the area along a southwest-northeast trend. A salt withdrawal syncline separates the Wanda from...

Kasande, Robert

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Recreation and Wellness Group Exercise Schedule July 1 August 16, 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THURS FRI 6:05 a.m. Cycle Cycle Robin WOW Robin Cycle Robin 12:15 p.m. C Yoga Wanda/Grady Yoga Wanda a low impact, high-energy challenge for participants of all ages, skill and fitness levels. Jump in and make a splash with this dynamic cardiovascular workout that tones and tapers the entire body. WOW

80

Regional Transportation Coordination Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regional Planning Commission Wanda Carter-Dyer Public Transportation Coordinator Texas Department of Transportation Councilperson Debra Martinez Briseno Cities in Calhoun County Laura G. Sanders Executive Director Golden Crescent Workforce... Regional Planning Commission Wanda Carter-Dyer Public Transportation Coordinator Texas Department of Transportation Councilperson Debra Martinez Briseno Cities in Calhoun County Laura G. Sanders Executive Director Golden Crescent Workforce...

Golden Crescent Regional Planning Commission

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "advocate wanda reder" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

ILLINOIS | LAW DONORS AND VOLUNTEERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,000 and Above Karen Gatsis Anderson '77 Kimball R. Anderson '77 Anthony J. Augustine, Jr. '73 Fred H. Bartlit. Miller '68 Mary Molo Steven F. Molo '82 Joan G. Monts Michael A. Monts '76 Daniel A. Murray Lynn H Richard K. Smith '80 Richard C. Stevens '60 Richard S. Stockton '00 Alane S. Wanda Mark J. Wanda '86 Mary

Gilbert, Matthew

82
83

UC-2030  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

University of California at Davis, Davis, California, with the assistance of Dr. Wanda Smith. Acknowledgments V .er R I I 8 1 8 I I t I 1 I I 1 I I I I I Contents Summary . . . ....

84

Page 1  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Price, Corkie Staley, and Tom Valunas. Also attending were newly appointed member Wanda Smith and former member Gloria Mei. They were split into two groups and led by TWPC...

85

Loyalty Fund + for deceased donors | ^ for young alumni 2014 Loyalty Fund Honor Roll | page 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J. Bryant Kinney `82 Jesse R. Lankford, Jr. `69 George and Wanda Little Marilynn B. Mattox `72 James Townsend '75 and Diane Martin W. Fred Wall `67 Susan P. '76 and Randall Ward David F. '76 and Brenda F. `76

Holliday, Mark A.

86

High School Dropout: Perceptions and Voices of African American and Hispanic Students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by WANDA L. BAKER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF EDUCATION Approved by: Chair of Committee, Gwendolyn Webb-Hasan... and Hispanic Students. (May 2011) Wanda L. Baker, B.A., Interamerican University of Puerto Rico; M.S., Sam Houston State University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Gwendolyn Webb-Hasan The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions...

Baker, Wanda

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

87

Creating a global engineering community through partnerships [Evaluation of the 1998 Wepan National Conference: Women in Engineering Program Advocates Network (WEPAN) - Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary goal of the 1998 National WEPAN Conference was to further increase the participation of women and minorities and engineering.

Brainard, Suzanne G.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Gille-ESYS 10 1 Farewell My Lovely (Fishes)1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gille-ESYS 10 1 Farewell My Lovely (Fishes)1 I staggered up the stairs to my office around 11'm Wanda Poisson. My contact at the department of Fish and Game said that you are a discreet and persistent, the kelp forest has transformed completely, and many of the fish have disappeared. I want you to find out

Gille, Sarah T.

89

Thank Youto all the volunteers who made a difference this past year at uBc Gregory Aasen, BASc'79  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mary Ainslie, LLB'91 Michael Airton, BA'94, LLB'03 Megan Airton, BA'98 Courtney Albert Douglas Aldridge Anchors Karima Andani, LLB'93 Shawn Anderson, BASc'95 Ryan Anderson, BA'00 Robert Anderson, B Comp Sci'06 Nels Anderson, MSc'07 Wanda Anderson, Paul Andersson, BSc'74, DMD'79 Cristian Andreica Mirela

Pulfrey, David L.

90

Principles of Forest Stewardship1 1As per the Foresters Act S.4(2)(b) "to advocate for and uphold principles of stewardship of forests, forest lands, forest resources and forest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and resilience of the ecosystem. Ecological integrity refers to the wholeness of ecosystems, as well. Ecological Integrity 4 2. Information and Understanding 4 3. Forest Management Goals and Objectives 4 4 and landscape levels which maintains and protects ecosystem function, integrity and resilience. It is based upon

91

Conflict and Criterion Setting in Recognition Memory Tim Curran and Casey DeBuse P. Andrew Leynes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conflict and Criterion Setting in Recognition Memory Tim Curran and Casey DeBuse P. Andrew Leynes a continuum of memora- & Shiffrin, 2004; Norman & O'Reilly, 2003; Reder et al., 2000; bility (e.g., retrieval

Curran, Tim

92

Southern Enclave Issue 45  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Anderson, Rose Arnold, Linda Billington, Tim Blaes, Rebecca Carey, Z. P. Florian, Carolyn GoIIedge, Pat Grant, Sheryl Haven, Carol Hines Stroede, Debbie Kittle, Wanda Lybarger, Mickey Malkin, Samia Martz, M. J. Mink, Jennifer Moore, Pat Nussman... , I:, . , ~ l' i 14 Some Scenes and Faces from MediaWest*Con XVI Mav 24-21, 199& lansing, Michigan Carolyn Golledge Photo by Debbie Kittle admires Captain Solo Debbie Kittle, Marti Schuller, Photo from Debbie Kittle Sheryl Haven, Louise...

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

OCCUPANCY DISTRIBUTIONS ARISING IN SAMPLING FROM GIBBS-POISSON ABUNDANCE MODELS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

together with a sampling model. We start with a discrete model of iid stochastic species abundances, each, which is a measure of richness or diversity of species. We rederive the sam- pling formulae1 , SERVET MART´INEZ2 (iid) stochastic species abundances d = 1, ..., n , based on Gibbs

94

Project Goals List Student Government Association  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Goal: Advocate the WV Congressional delegation to support student loan and financial aid reform. Chris

Mohaghegh, Shahab

95

Motivations Modeling Social Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

methodological pluralism (Hull, Page, Sarkar, Solomon, Weisberg and Muldoon) Maybe other things can maintain Diversity Other Options Others advocate methodological pluralism (Hull, Page, Sarkar, Solomon, Weisberg Diversity Other Options Others advocate methodological pluralism (Hull, Page, Sarkar, Solomon, Weisberg

Zollman, Kevin

96

On the relationship of gravitational constants in KK reduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this short note, we try to clarify a seemly trivial but often confusing question in relating a higher-dimensional physical gravitational constant to its lower-dimensional correspondence in Kaluza-Klein reduction. In particular, we re-derive the low-energy M-theory gravitational constant in terms of type IIA string coupling $g_s$ and constant $\\alpha'$ through the metric relation between the two theories.

Lu, J X

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Siljansfors frskspark Hyggesfritt,bldning,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

det i våra vanligaste skogstyper? Vem vill ha det? Den 15-17 september reder vi ut be- greppen med tre exkursion till försöksytor i skiktade skogar av tall och gran. 16 september kl. 8:30-16: Internationell gran och fröträdsställning av tall. Europeiska jordbruksfonden för landsbygdsutveckling: Europa

98

A van der Waals free energy in electrolytes revisited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A system of three electrolytes separated by two parallel planes is considered. Each region is described by a dielectric constant and a Coulomb fluid in the Debye-H\\"uckel regime. In their book Dispersion Forces, Mahanty and Ninham have given the van der Waals free energy of this system. We rederive this free energy by a different method, using linear response theory and the electrostatic Maxwell stress tensor for obtaining the dispersion force.

B. Jancovici

2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

99

Mesoamerica Heals Our School: A Critical Narrative Inquiry of Ancestral Computing Para el Vivir Comunitario en El Sereno  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Technology Academy (MBTA), he advocated for the computerclass to be offered to the MBTA students because it is a

Moreno Sandoval, Cueponcaxochitl Dianna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Planners and the Pork Barrel: Metropolitan Engagement in and Resistance to Congressional Transportation Earmarking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the new public management (NPM) perspective that has gainedthe 1980s. Advocates of the NPM emphasize diminishing faith

Sciara, Gian-Claudia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "advocate wanda reder" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

IntroduCtIon: QuantIfyIng soCIal develoPment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

civilization are most often traced back to the ancient Greeks and romans, although other advocates identify pre

Landweber, Laura

102

Can Federal Funding Create Bicycle Friendly Cities? A Comparative Study of Bicycle Planning in Sacramento and Amsterdam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as land use, culture, safety, and vehicle use, as theas land use, culture, advocates, level of safety, climate/

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

The Coming Ecological Epoch: Sim Van der Ryn at EDRA [Dispatches  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

advocate. Now that the Green Building movement has broughtYet, even today, most green buildings are designed and

Moffat, David

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Community Leadership: Best Practices for Brazos Valley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to access government resources and develop collaborative solutions.? ? ?Advocating and partnering for policy solutions: With the devolution of federal authority to state and local control, community foundations are increasingly becoming active policy... collaborative solutions.? ? ?Advocating and partnering for policy solutions: With the devolution of federal authority to state and local control, community foundations are increasingly becoming active policy advocates on a range of community issues. More...

Reed, Johnathan; Harlow, Evan; Dorshaw, Carlie; Brower, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Some notes on beam dynamics due to vertical oscillations in an all-electric storage ring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A document has recently been posted on the arXiv [1], describing analytical formulas and results of particle tracking simulations, for precision tests of numerical integration algorithms for an EDM (electric dipole moment) storage ring. In the context of an all-electric storage ring, the authors cite theoretical formulas by Orlov [2]. However, the reference to Orlov is to a talk at a workshop in 2012, and is unpublished and difficult for independent researchers to access and validate. This note rederives and generalizes some of Orlov's principal results, using a Hamiltonian formalism, and also corrects some details in both Orlov's note [2] and the arXiv post [1].

Mane, S R

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

$?$--Rindler space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we construct, and investigate some thermal properties of, the non-commutative counterpart of Rindler space, which we call $\\kappa$--Rindler space. This space is obtained by changing variables in the defining commutators of $\\kappa$--Minkowski space. We then re-derive the commutator structure of $\\kappa$--Rindler space with the help of an appropriate star product, obtained from the $\\kappa$--Minkowski one. Using this star product, following the idea of Padmanabhan, we find the leading order, $1/\\kappa$ correction to the Hawking thermal spectrum.

J. Kowalski-Glikman

2009-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

107

Gamic Race: Logics of Difference in Videogame Culture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

culture industries with gamification, i.e. the notion thatThanks in part to gamification advocates we now see game 5

Higgin, Tanner

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

aging holocaust survivors: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

allies. Services include: Crisis Intervention Advocacy, sexual harassment, relationship abuse, stalking and those who care about them. Trained advocates New Hampshire, University...

109

Small Business Services | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Utilization (OSDBU) The OSDBU advocates putting small business first in government contracting. In doing so, the OSDBU establish goals, promulgates policy, and develops practices...

110

Program Assignments | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

MA-64.1, (202) 586-7637 Strategic Initiatives Coordinator Competition Advocate Contracting Activity TaskDelivery Order Ombudsman Policy Flashes Independent Review Deborah...

111

Competition Requirements  

Energy Savers [EERE]

of Energy has delegated this authority for the appointment of the agency and contracting activity Advocates to the SPEs. The duties and responsibilities of agency and...

112

Contact: Al Stotts, NNSA Public Affairs For Immediate Release  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

advocating the most effective means of accomplishing the NNSA mission, he said. "The two new support components -- Facilities and Operations and Management and Administration --...

113

attitudes of the public: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

performance, service satisfaction and trust in government advocated by the New Public Management, this research contributes to a better understanding (more) Harding,...

114

affect public attitudes: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

performance, service satisfaction and trust in government advocated by the New Public Management, this research contributes to a better understanding (more) Harding,...

115

U.S. Energy Department, Pay-Television Industry and Energy Efficiency...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

- developed through a non-regulatory agreement between the pay-TV industry, the consumer electronics industry and energy efficiency advocates - will improve set-top box efficiency...

116

array current efforts: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(STEM) fields and supports Raytheon's efforts to create an inclusive work force. "Raytheon is a strong advocate of women in the sciences and technol- ogy fields, offering our...

117

accounting program efforts: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(STEM) fields and supports Raytheon's efforts to create an inclusive work force. "Raytheon is a strong advocate of women in the sciences and technol- ogy fields, offering our...

118

avian retroviral oncoprotein: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

on its potential role in the emergence of the pre-metastatic niche. Consistent with this perception, yet unlike currently advocated treatments that target cancer cells only,...

119

Patent Bargains in NICs: The Case of Brazil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Brazilian pharmaceutical industry, is ultimately relatedby the American pharmaceutical industry. 28 U.S. advocatesThe case of the pharmaceutical industry, Research Policy,

Salama, Bruno Meyerhof; Benoliel, Daniel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Innovation Strategies and Ideas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Convergence is the central theme advocated in these suggestions for global economic growth through entrepreneurial innovation strategies which may catalyse building of enterprises with creative dimensions.

Datta, Shoumen

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "advocate wanda reder" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

MEMORANDUM  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Seth Johnson, Earthjustice DATE: June 23, 2014 RE: Efficiency Advocates' Ex Parte Communication with DOE on June 20, 2014 MeetingTeleconference summary Attendees: Timothy Ballo -...

122

Initiating Business with INL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Initiating Business with INL The INL Small Business Program Office (SBPO) serves as the advocate and point of contact for businesses seeking contracting opportunities. We ask you...

123

ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: 3rd Annual National CHP Roadmap...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 rd Annual National CHP Roadmap Workshop CHP and DER for Federal Facilities EPA CHP Partnership Meeting A Combined Event for Federal Facility Managers And CHP Advocates October...

124

Distributed Generation Dispatch Optimization under Various Electricity Tariffs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

utility experience with RTP tariffs is described in 3. Distributed GenerationUtilities Commission, Division of Ratepayer Advocates have also provided support on related work. Distributed Generation

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Evaluating California's handheld cell phone use ban.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Driver inattention has long been an issue for traffic safety advocates. Drivers may only briefly look away to change the radio station, answer a phone (more)

Stewart, Amy Kathleen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

E-Print Network 3.0 - airport ground support Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PROVIDER AND ADVOCATE Airports are... . Airports for the most part are self-sustaining ... Source: George Mason University, Center for Air Transportation Systems...

127

Essays on Human Development and Public Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

52, January 2003. [54] Amartya Sen. Editorial: Human capitalapproach is advocated by Amartya Sen (1997) greater control1961, December 1997. [55] Amartya K Sen. Poverty: An ordinal

Raykar, Neha

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Environmental Justice Starts with Education | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

officials and hundreds of advocates of environmental justice gathered at the White House Summit on Environmental Justice to discuss green jobs and clean energy, and open...

129

NAP Coalition Response to DOE RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Challenges Reply Comments by the National Association of State Utility Consumer Advocates City Utilities of Springfield Missouri Comments on Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and...

130

Cloudy Skies: Assessing Public Understanding of Global Warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surveys show most Americans believe global warming is real. But many advocate delaying action until there is more evidence that warming is harmful. The stock and ...

Sterman, John

2002-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

131

Cloudy Skies: Assessing Public Understanding of Global Warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surveys show most Americans believe global warming is real. But many advocate delaying action until there is more evidence that warming is harmful. The stock and ...

Sterman, John

2003-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

132

41Chapter 2: Making Markets Work Better mark jaccard and yushi mao  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

agree with liberalisation advocates that reducing public intervention in the energy sector can generate. Specific policy issues are then discussed, including identifying the potential benefits of liberalisation

133

Trade liberalisation, labour productivity and wage inequality: the case of the Thai manufacturing sector.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Advocates of the market paradigm firmly support that getting the price right would enhance industrial performance and thereby labour performance along the lines of comparative (more)

Sangkaew, Piyapong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Docket No. EERE-2010-BT-STD-0027 Energy Conservation Standards...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

memorializes a communication involving members of the Motor Coalition (industry and energy advocates) in connection with this proceeding. Letter Motor Coalition re DOE Motors Rule...

135

MEMORANDUM RE: Ex Parte Communications in Connection with Docket...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

May 21, 2013 Encl: Motor Coalition Presentation This memorandum memorializes a communication involving members of the Motor Coalition (industry and energy advocates) in connection...

136

Agricultural and Resource Economics Update  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), a natural-gas derivative, werebattle between advocates for ethanol and those for MTBE.MTBE became the dominant additive because it was less

Smith, Aaron; Zilberman, David; Saitone, Tina; Sexton, Richard J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Exterior Rigid Insulation Best Practices - Building America Top...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Effec guid-exterior rigid insulation.jpg For years, Building America research teams have advocated using the thermal, air, and vapor properties of rigid foam sheathing insulation...

138

Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Energy advocates launched an innovative energy literacy curriculum in a Nevada school district using resources from The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's...

139

Business Models Guide: Real Estate Agent | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

and a broad knowledge of the industry, real estate agents are natural advocates for smart energy efficiency upgrades. realestateagent.pdf More Documents & Publications...

140

SCIENCE WARS AS CULTURE WARS: FRACKING AND THE BATTLE FOR THE HEARTS AND MINDS OF WOMEN.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this thesis, I examine how claims regarding the environmental and health impacts of hydraulic fracturing or fracking are constructed by industry advocates who promote (more)

Fitzgerald, Jenrose D

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "advocate wanda reder" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Fact Sheet: Improving Energy Efficiency for Server Rooms and Closets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy-efficiency awareness classes offered by utility companies, ASHRAE, and other efficiency advocates, to take full advantage of best practices

Cheung, Hoi Ying Iris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

E-Print Network 3.0 - analysis model gsam Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Materials Science, Rice University Collection: Engineering 2 2010 Advocate Health Care. All Rights Reserved. Table of Contents Summary: and have launched a redesigned model...

143

E-Print Network 3.0 - arvo kikas ergo Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: Program EHS0061- Ergo Advocate Training Course Syllabus Subject Category: Ergonomics Course Prerequisite... skilled representatives to monitor the ergo situation and...

144

Environment, Safety, and Health Self-Assessment Report, Fiscal Year 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

online Remedy Interactive ergonomics training. F 4-1. SAABUA) process. O 3-3. The Ergonomics Advocate Program isHMS) Summary Report. Improved ergonomics program; equipment

Chernowski, John

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

E-Print Network 3.0 - auction based spectrum Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for auctions; for example, Coase (1959) was among the first to advocate auctioning radio spectrum. But many... . For example, six European countries auctioned ... Source:...

146

10th Annual Small Wind Conference  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This conference is designed for small wind professionals, including installers, manufacturers, dealers, distributors, educators, and advocates. The conference features presentations, exhibits,...

147

E-Print Network 3.0 - aviation safety requirements Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the Canadian business aviation community globally, advocating safety, security, and efficiency CBAA NEWS BRIEF... Operations, Skyservice Business Aviation Inc. Vice Chair ...

148

The Bumpy Road to Hydrogen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will trump hydrogen and fuel cell vehicles. Advocates ofbenefits sooner than hydrogen and fuel cells ever could.emissions from a hydrogen fuel cell vehicle will be about

Sperling, Dan; Ogden, Joan M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

ENVIRONMENTAL LAW AND POLICY IN THE PACIFIC BASIN AREA. Ichiro Kato, Nobuo Kumamoto, and William H. Matthews, eds.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cornerstone of Japanese environmental policy, the Basic Lawpublic. Morishima, Japanese Environmental Policy and Law,and local) in environmental policy making and advocates

Cooke, Stephen D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

New Mexico Small Business Assistance Program recognized by U...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NM Small Business assistance program recognized New Mexico Small Business Assistance Program recognized by U.S. Department of Commerce Receives the 2012 Manufacturing Advocate of...

151

E-Print Network 3.0 - agriculture agricultural research Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to students and advocate for agricultural education, research and extension... Potato Products facility. Keith is a graduate of Penn State with a B.S. in Agricultural...

152

National Down Syndrome Society 21st Century Down Syndrome Research & Healthcare Symposium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Down Syndrome Society 21st Century Down Syndrome Research & Healthcare Symposium Linking Syndrome Society #12;Today's Presentation: Down Syndrome Advocacy, Action & System Change · Why Advocate · Down syndrome research policy landscape · How to advocate and get involved in our efforts

153

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Groups · Environmental Advocates · Technology Advocates · Tribal Representatives · Federal Agencies 2013 system to meet load as well as policy requirements, such as renewable portfolio standards. WECC's most development of Demand- Side Management, Distributed Generation and Energy Efficiency resources. There was also

154

FPN05-44 Fusion Program Notes -House Adopts Fusion Amendment Stephen O. Dean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(DOE) and that advocated by the U. S. fusion community and the Congress. The latter, a hard won consensus, advocates a policy in which ITER is funded by funds over and above the existing core domestic fusion budget, while the DOE seems determined to fund much of the ITER costs by cutting the domestic

155

The Universal RG Machine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Functional Renormalization Group Equations constitute a powerful tool to encode the perturbative and non-perturbative properties of a physical system. We present an algorithm to systematically compute the expansion of such flow equations in a given background quantity specified by the approximation scheme. The method is based on off-diagonal heat-kernel techniques and can be implemented on a computer algebra system, opening access to complex computations in, e.g., Gravity or Yang-Mills theory. In a first illustrative example, we re-derive the gravitational $\\beta$-functions of the Einstein-Hilbert truncation, demonstrating their background-independence. As an additional result, the heat-kernel coefficients for transverse vectors and transverse-traceless symmetric matrices are computed to second order in the curvature.

Dario Benedetti; Kai Groh; Pedro F. Machado; Frank Saueressig

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

156

Relativistic fluid mechanics, Kahler manifolds and supersymmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose an alternative for the Clebsch decomposition of currents in fluid mechanics, in terms of complex potentials taking values in a Kahler manifold. We reformulate classical relativistic fluid mechanics in terms of these complex potentials and rederive the existence of an infinite set of conserved currents. We perform a canonical analysis to find the explicit form of the algebra of conserved charges. The Kahler-space formulation of the theory has a natural supersymmetric extension in 4-D space-time. It contains a conserved current, but also a number of additional fields complicating the interpretation. Nevertheless, we show that an infinite set of conserved currents emerges in the vacuum sector of the additional fields. This sector can therefore be identified with a regime of supersymmetric fluid mechanics. Explicit expressions for the current and the density are obtained.

T. S. Nyawelo; J. W. van Holten; S. Groot Nibbelink

2003-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

157

Optimal Shortcuts to Adiabaticity for a Quantum Piston  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we use optimal control to design minimum-time adiabatic-like paths for the expansion of a quantum piston. Under realistic experimental constraints, we calculate the minimum expansion time and compare it with that obtained from a state of the art inverse engineering method. We use this result to rederive the known upper bound for the cooling rate of a refrigerator, which provides a quantitative description for the unattainability of absolute zero, the third law of thermodynamics. We finally point out the relation of the present work to the fast adiabatic-like expansion of an accordion optical lattice, a system which can be used to magnify the initial quantum state (quantum microscope).

Dionisis Stefanatos

2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

158

Micro-canonical thermodynamics: Why does heat flow from hot to cold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show how to use a central limit approximation for additive co-cycles to describe non-equilibrium and far from equilibrium thermodynamic behavior. We consider first two weakly coupled Hamiltonian dynamical systems initially at different micro-canonical temperatures. We describe a stochastic model where the energy-transfer between the two systems is considered as a random variable satisfying a central limit approximation. We show that fluctuations in energy observables are linearly related to the heat-transfer (dissipation). As a result, on average, heat flows from hot to cold. We also consider the far from equilibrium situation of a non-Hamiltonian thermostatted system as in Evans et al. {\\em Phys.\\ Rev.\\ Lett.} {\\bf 71}, 2401 (1993). Applying the same central limit approximation we re-derive their relation for the violation of the 2nd law of thermodynamics. We note that time-reversal symmetry is not used in our derivation.

Hans Henrik Rugh

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

159

A Geometric, Dynamical Approach to Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a geometric and dynamical approach to the micro-canonical ensemble of classical Hamiltonian systems. We generalize the arguments in \\cite{Rugh} and show that the energy-derivative of a micro-canonical average is itself micro-canonically observable. In particular, temperature, specific heat and higher order derivatives of the entropy can be observed dynamically. We give perturbative, asymptotic formulas by which the canonical ensemble itself can be reconstructed from micro-canonical measurements only. In a purely micro-canonical approach we rederive formulas by Lebowitz et al \\cite{LPV}, relating e.g. specific heat to fluctuations in the kinetic energy. We show that under natural assumptions on the fluctuations in the kinetic energy the micro-canonical temperature is asymptotically equivalent to the standard canonical definition using the kinetic energy.

Hans Henrik Rugh

1998-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

160

Fundamentals of PV Efficiency: Limits for Light Absorption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A simple thermodynamic argument related to a (weakly absorbing) finite dielectric slab illuminated by sunlight- originally suggested by Yablonovich- leads to the conclusion that the absorption in a dielectric can at best be increased by a factor 4n2. Therefore, the absorption in these materials is always imperfect; the Shockley-Queisser limit can be achieved only asymptotically. In this paper, we make the connection between the degradation in efficiency and the Yablonovich limit explicit and re-derive the 4n2 limit by intuitive geometrical arguments based on Snell's law and elementary rules of probability. Remarkably, the re-derivation suggests strategies of breaking the traditional limit and improving PV efficiency by enhanced light absorption.

M. Ryyan Khan; Xufeng Wang; Muhammad A. Alam

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "advocate wanda reder" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Jennifer Granholm (Energy All Stars Presentation)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Former Michigan Governor Jennifer Granholm delivered this presentation advocating for an energy Race to the Top competition between the states at the Energy All Stars event on January 19, 2013, at...

162

The Boston Indicators Project : the role of indicators in supporting environmental efforts in the Boston metropolitan region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Community indicators projects are an increasingly popular way to measure, track, and, advocates claim, make progress. The commonly held belief is that indicators provide residents, governments, private entities, and community ...

Wells, Anna K. (Anna Katherine)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Planning multisentential English text using communicative acts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, arguments which support a claim or advocate action. Enhancing the representation of explanations in knowledge-based systems has been the focus of intense research in artificial intelligence (Winograd, 1972; Clancey, 1983; Hasling et al., 1983; Swartout, 1977...

Maybury, Mark Thomas

1991-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

164

Community, individual, and world in the later works of Josiah Royce and Charles Taylor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are those of Josiah Royce and Charles Taylor. I wish to show the similarities and dissimilarities between their respective social philosophies, their social ontologies, and the ameliorative practices they advocate. Although I find Taylor's account...

Hilde, Thomas Christian

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

The Significance of Science Roger A. Pielke, Jr.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with nuclear plants and nuclear waste storage, with advocates and opponents of nuclear power each using science of action or deny that of their opposition. Nuclear power has for a long time been a focus of intense

Colorado at Boulder, University of

166

The development and function of an affordable housing production ecosystem : Harlem, Hew York in the late 1990s and early 2000s  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In late 1990s and early 2000s Harlem, an affordable housing production "ecosystem" comprised of elected officials, city planners, civic advocates, builders, and financial institutions at the local, state, and national level ...

Dookchitra, Ben

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Challenging the Issue Class Action End-Run  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An ever-increasing number of courts and commentators have advocated a simple solution to the seemingly insuperable problem of troublesome individual issues that often thwart certification of a Rule 23(b)(3) class action on predominance grounds...

Hines, Laura J.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Spectacles Plastiques : reconstruction and the debates on the "Synthesis of the Arts" in France, 1944-1962  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

My dissertation examines the collaborative efforts of different individuals and groups - such as Le Corbusier, the Salon des Ralits Nouvelles, Groupe Espace, and the Internationale Situationniste - which advocated a ...

Pezolet, Nicola

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Using climate policies and carbon markets to save tropical forests : the case of Costa Rica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, advocates for forest conservation thought that climate change could provide a lever to motivate developing countries to reduce deforestation. Fifteen years after the first climate change ...

Arpels, Marisa (Marisa Carina)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

A Review of Restructuring in the Electricity Business M. Huneault F.D. Galiana G. Gross  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the liberalization of the industry. The 1970's saw tremendous reforms in several major industries worldwide [Schweppe 1978]. Two basic reforms were advocated: the introduction of competition and the imposition

Gross, George

171

What Makes Beers Different From Each Other?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to advocate for the plastic bottle that is so ubiquitous inwho has kept water in a plastic bottle for long enough knowsaluminum packaging. No plastic beers bottles are to be found

Rosen, Jared

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Guilty by stereotypic association: Country animosity and brand prejudice and discrimination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

between country image and brand image (Han 1989). The CoO ofperceptions of the brands image. As advocated in previousR. W. (2007). Country image and consumer-based brand equity:

Russell, Cristel Antonia; Russell, Dale W.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Guide to Community Solar: Utility, Private, and Non-profit Project Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This guide is designed as a resource for those who want to develop community solar projects, from community organizers or solar energy advocates to government officials or utility managers.

Not Available

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Environmental Justice in the Renewable Energy Transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article considers environmental justice in the specific context of renewable energy goals. As a key component of sustainable development and a central concern for green economy advocates, renewable energy is uniquely situated on the policy...

Outka, Uma

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Ex Parte Communication Memorandum re Computer and Battery Back...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

On Tuesday March 18, 2014, a group of energy efficiency advocates had a conference call with representatives of the Department of Energy to discuss coverage of computers and backup...

176

Diplomacy derailed : the consequences of U.S. diplomatic disengagement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advocates of diplomatic engagement with states of concern argue that talking to both allies and adversaries is essential for advancing U.S. foreign policy interests. Critics of this approach argue that engagement with these ...

Maller, Tara (Tara Jennifer)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Women and post-conflict development : a case study on Liberia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Liberia seems an ostensible 'poster child' in light of the call by women's rights advocates to insert women in all aspects of the political, social, and economic transition in post-conflict countries. Liberia has elected ...

Massaquoi, William N

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

51979 hearing public 012610.ptx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

15 of hats on tonight. I'm a member of the Washington State 16 Farm Bureau. I represent ten million cancer patients in 17 the United States of America. I'm a consumer advocate...

179

Sent: Monday, October 07, 2002 8:46 AM To: comment@bpa.gov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

you to focus on alternative power generation such as fuel cell technology, wind, geothermal, etc the dams Dear Steve Wright, I am a concerned Oregonian, consumer of power, and alternative energy advocate

180

The experience of social support at a camp for siblings of children with cancer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

up in an impoverished neighborhood, Hunters Point; in San Francisco, CA. She was a guardian for community youth all over the city. She was dedicated to a lifelong labor of service in San Francisco advocating for equitable education opportunities...

Roberson, Samuel George

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "advocate wanda reder" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

The experience of social support at a camp for siblings of children with cancer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

up in an impoverished neighborhood, Hunters Point; in San Francisco, CA. She was a guardian for community youth all over the city. She was dedicated to a lifelong labor of service in San Francisco advocating for equitable education opportunities...

Roberson, Sr., Samuel George

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

182

Financial analysis of energy-efficient faade systems for application in commercial office developments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advocates for sustainable development have been campaigning for the implementation of green features in developments. New and high-technology energy-efficient technologies, such as photovoltaic cells and double skin fac?ades, ...

Dee, Rocelyn Sy, 1976-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Boycott Toolkit : collaborative research for collective economic action  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many modern social movements advocate boycotts as a mechanism to pursue social change. However, these campaigns are often broad in scope and limited to committed activists as potential adherents. This thesis describes a ...

Levinger, Joshua Sable

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

The Impacts of Utility-Sponsored Demand-Side Management Programs on Industrial Electricity Consumers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in this paper of the arguments and recommendations of DSM-advocates are general, particular attention is paid to the potentially damaging effects of these proposals on large commercial and industrial customers....

Rosenblum, J. I.

185

Public Policy is Like Having a Vaudeville Act: Languages of Duty and Difference among Think Tank-Affiliated Policy Experts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the history and present-day effects of American think tanks.Advocates and analysts: Think tanks and the politicizationWeaver, R. K. (2000). Think tanks in the U.S. media. Press/

Medvetz, Thomas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vehicles Charge off-peak Discharge on-peak Water heaters as peaking resource reserves load following storage #12;6 11 FutureFuture Monitor developments in technology Advocate appliance standards

187

Office of Departmental Personnel Security  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Office of Departmental Personnel Security serves as the central leader and advocate vested with the authority to ensure consistent and effective implementation of personnel security programs Department-wide (including for the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA).

188

Proceedings of the 2nd IEEE/ACM International Conference ICTD 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

between, the state and small scale entrepreneurs in ICT4D efforts in Kerala and Andhra Pradesh. Through are increasingly advocated for health care services [5] the provision of water and sanitation[6, 7

Sanders, Seth

189

A report accepted by Working Group I of the IPCC but not approved in detail  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.I. House (Germany), M. Hulme (UK), V.J. Jaramillo (Mexico), A. Jayaraman (India), C.A. Johnson (UK), S is policy relevant, the IPCC does not establish or advocate public policy. The scope of the assessments

Menke, William

190

Keeping mom and pop fresh : strategies for getting produce into corner stores  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Availability of fresh, healthy produce for low-income people is a growing concern for advocates and public officials concerned with health disparities and diet-related disease. Healthy corner store conversions are a promising ...

Hadwin, Angela J

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

DOE/ID-Number  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

advocate includes a V&V activity at the end of the design process but also incorporates small-scale V&V activities in conjunction with design milestones. Thus, V&V becomes a...

192

Essays in financial economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis consists of three essays in financial economics. Chapter 1 is entitled "Inside Debt." Existing theories advocate the use of cash and equity in executive compensation. However, recent empirical studies have ...

Edmans, Alex

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Monopoles for gravitation and for higher spin fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider massless higher spin gauge theories with both electric and magnetic sources, with a special emphasis on the spin two case. We write the equations of motion at the linear level (with conserved external sources) and introduce Dirac strings so as to derive the equations from a variational principle. We then derive a quantization condition that generalizes the familiar Dirac quantization condition, and which involves the conserved charges associated with the asymptotic symmetries for higher spins. Next we discuss briefly how the result extends to the nonlinear theory. This is done in the context of gravitation, where the Taub-NUT solution provides the exact solution of the field equations with both types of sources. We rederive, in analogy with electromagnetism, the quantization condition from the quantization of the angular momentum. We also observe that the Taub-NUT metric is asymptotically flat at spatial infinity in the sense of Regge and Teitelboim (including their parity conditions). It follows, in particular, that one can consistently consider in the variational principle configurations with different electric and magnetic masses.

Bunster, Claudio; Portugues, Ruben [Centro de Estudios Cientificos (CECS), Valdivia (Chile); Cnockaert, Sandrine [Physique Theorique et Mathematique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles and International Solvay Institutes, ULB Campus Plaine C.P. 231, B-1050 Brussels (Belgium); Henneaux, Marc [Centro de Estudios Cientificos (CECS), Valdivia (Chile); Physique Theorique et Mathematique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles and International Solvay Institutes, ULB Campus Plaine C.P. 231, B-1050 Brussels (Belgium)

2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

194

Symmetric space description of carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using an innovative technique arising from the theory of symmetric spaces, we obtain an approximate analytic solution of the Dorokhov-Mello-Pereyra-Kumar (DMPK) equation in the insulating regime of a metallic carbon nanotube with symplectic symmetry and an odd number of conducting channels. This symmetry class is characterized by the presence of a perfectly conducting channel in the limit of infinite length of the nanotube. The derivation of the DMPK equation for this system has recently been performed by Takane, who also obtained the average conductance both analytically and numerically. Using the Jacobian corresponding to the transformation to radial coordinates and the parameterization of the transfer matrix given by Takane, we identify the ensemble of transfer matrices as the symmetric space of negative curvature SO^*(4m+2)/[SU(2m+1)xU(1)] belonging to the DIII-odd Cartan class. We rederive the leading-order correction to the conductance of the perfectly conducting channel and its variance Var(log(delta g)). Our results are in complete agreement with Takane's. In addition, our approach based on the mapping to a symmetric space enables us to obtain new universal quantities: a universal group theoretical expression for the ratio Var(log(delta g)/ and as a byproduct, a novel expression for the localization length for the most general case of a symmetric space with BC_m root system, in which all three types of roots are present.

M. Caselle; U. Magnea

2006-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

195

TRIP REPORT Listening Tour #2 for M.D. Curriculum Transformation Meeting Notes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

physicians in the future? Learn about future workforce needs, views on health care reform and evolving and education leaders; health advocates; tribal clinic leaders; All Care Oregon leaders; editorial board), and a new focus on longitudinal aspects of health care, such as palliative care and chronic diseases

Chapman, Michael S.

196

Activities of the University Fusion Association! D.P. Brennan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Presentation on Future Vision for University Funding! White Paper to FESAC! !- "Importance of University is financially independent ­ funded by member dues ­ interested solely in the advocation of university fusion of Technology) ! #12;Recent white paper to FESAC pointed out the importance of STABILITY in university funding

197

Towards a Generic Framework for AOP Pascal Fradet1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

operator taking as parameters the component program and a set of program transformations. In many cases transformations. We advocate using a single powerful and flexible transformation language for the definition are based on patterns and tree matching operators. TrafoLa-H [HS93] is such a language where transformations

Fradet, Pascal

198

quakes and tsunamis, in addition to human actions such as wars, could  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the September issue suggested that nuclear power advocates live for three years near Chernobyl, Three Mile Is- land, and the Washington spent fuel site. I question these references. The Chernobyl design did example of how safe Western reactors are, even when all else fails, and 2) Chernobyl did not have

199

The Fusion Hybrid as a Response to William Parkins' Letter to Science Magazine Wallace Manheimer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the kinetic energy of the neutron to boil water, it uses the neutron's potential energy to create about ten advocated that the fusion project shift its focus from pure fusion to the fusion hybrid (4- 7). These paper uranium with a once through fuel cycle (and of course more than can be supplied by oil or natural gas

200

A Middleware Framework for Market-Based Actuator Coordination in Sensor and Actuator Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Middleware Framework for Market-Based Actuator Coordination in Sensor and Actuator Networks Joel they actually affect the environment. This paper advocates the use of market-based methods as the basis-based distributed actuator coordination in an HVAC system leads to efficient, temporal and fair allocation of energy

Varela, Carlos

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "advocate wanda reder" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Page | 1 9/24/2014 compiled by Jane Jenness, Maria Montour, Dave Frank, and Jill Schneider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, SPEARS, David B., Virginia DIvision of Geology and Mineral Resources, 900 Natural Resources Drive, Suite REVEAL GEOLOGIC FEATURES ASSOCIATED WITH THE 2011 MW5.8 MINERAL, VIRGINIA EARTHQUAKE SHAH, Anjana K H. Farrand, Debra L. Buczkowski and Danielle Y. Wyrick, Advocates 25-5 9:00 AM A GLOBAL DATABASE

Torgersen, Christian

202

Agronomy Journal Volume 103, Issue 2 2011 509 Native Perennial Grassland Species for Bioenergy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as next generation biofuels, perennial grasses have received the most research attention (McBiofuels Agronomy Journal Volume 103, Issue 2 2011 509 Native Perennial Grassland Species the environmental impact and economic viability of corn grain ethanol has prompted many to advocate for "second

Minnesota, University of

203

Computer Science at NCSU: The First Twenty-Five Years  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Science at NCSU: The First Twenty-Five Years Clay Griffith Paul D. Peterson, Jr. March 17 for the study of computer science. As early as 1960, J.A. Rigney of the Department of Statistics had written to Chancellor John T. Caldwell advocating a "Department of Computing Science." Nothing concrete came

Young, R. Michael

204

Cal Poly Report March 12, 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

begins March 23. Documentary About Nuclear Power to be Shown March 12 Cal Poly Arts will present "Pandora will feature Gordon Thompson, a scientist and critic of nuclear power, and Michael Shellenberger, an environmentalist and advocate of nuclear power who appears in the film. The screening is free and open

Sze, Lawrence

205

INSTITUTING CREDIBILITY, ACCOUNTABILITY AND TRANSPARENCY IN LOCAL SERVICE DELIVERY?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a growing push for administrative reforms amidst narratives of good governance and reinventing governments are prominent advocates of such reforms. These are introduced to improve government performance by instilling standards and processes or a one-size-fits-all prescription. Administrative reforms using ICTs, or e

Rajamani, Sriram K.

206

Call (603) 862-SAFE (7233) Or toll free (888) 271-7233  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, relationship abuse, stalk- ing and to those who care about them. Trained advocates are on call 24-hours a day AND RELATIONSHIP ABUSE: MYTH: Anyonewhodressesacertainway,acts flirtatious, and people with no previous rela- tionship. People of all sexual orientations are protected. MYTH: Abuse isn

New Hampshire, University of

207

SHARPP provides services to victims/survivors of sexual violence,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, sexual harassment, relationship abuse, stalking and those who care about them. Trained advocates-judgmental and accessible assistance for survivors of sexual assault, relationship abuse, sexual harassment, childhood sex- ual abuse or incest, and stalking and their allies. Services include: Crisis Intervention Advocacy

New Hampshire, University of

208

Family and Child Sciences This sheet has sample occupations, work settings, employers, and career development activities associated with this major. Some of these  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Settings Adoption Agencies Boys and Girls Clubs Child Abuse Centers Child Care Centers Church Schools Scientist Caseworker Child Advocate Child Care Consultant Child Care Worker Child Life Specialist Consultant Family Life Educator Family Planning Counselor Foster Care Case Manager Head Start Teacher Health

Ronquist, Fredrik

209

This list includes a sampling of volunteer opportunities and organizations working in the field of so-cial work. These opportunities may be suitable for students majoring or interested in these areas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, elder care, alcohol and drug abuse, mental health, health care, disabilities, and the donation of items's Advocates--Abuse Intervention Services http://abuseintervention.org/get-involved/volunteer/ The Children. Volunteers who provide direct service to clients must complete Domestic Abuse Intervention Services (DAIS

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

210

NREL Response to the Report Study of the Effects on Employment of Public Aid to Renewable Energy Sources from King Juan Carlos University (Spain)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Job generation has been a part of the national dialogue surrounding energy policy and renewable energy (RE) for many years. RE advocates tout the ability of renewable energy to support new job opportunities in rural locations and the manufacturing sector. Others argue that spending on renewable energy is an inefficient allocation of resources and can result in job losses in the broader economy.

211

The Old Brown Coat The UIC Emergency Medicine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

our re-affiliation with The Advocate Lutheran General Hospital. LGH was one of the founding hospitals of this residency in the late 1970's, and will now become an equal partner once again. LGH is a level one trauma to accommodate this new partnership with LGH, we will be increasing the number of residents in each class

Alford, Simon

212

National Down Syndrome Society Legislative & Advocacy Initiatives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Down Syndrome Society Legislative & Advocacy Initiatives The mission of the National Down with Down syndrome by advocating for federal, state, and local policies that positively impact people with Down syndrome across the country. NDSS accomplishes this by doing the following: · Works with Congress

213

PROJECT BRIDGE THE MONTHLY NEWSLETTER OF THE CENTER FOR DISABILITIES STUDIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Syndrome Society. The award is given to students with Down syndrome #12;2 to help cover the cost a job. The mission of the National Down Syndrome Society is to be the national advocate for the value, acceptance and inclusion of people with Down syndrome. Community Advisory Council (CAC) member Cory Nourie

Cakoni, Fioralba

214

Identification of Linear Climate Models from the CMIP3 Multimodel Ensemble  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to geoengineering of the climate based on solar radiation management (SRM). 1. INTRODUCTION In response to the risks and advocates to consider a "Plan B" response known as geoengineering or climate engineering. Broadly defined, geoengineering involves deliberate and large-scale interventions in the Earth's climatic system to counter

Phipps, Steven J.

215

UTC for Computational Engineering CJ Brooks, AIJ Forrester, AJ Keane, CEDG, School of Engineering Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dimensional problems and large data samples. A gradient-based approach is advocated here, where derivatives by correlating densely sampled low-fidelity data with sparsely sampled high-fidelity data. The aerodynamic shape optimisation of a transonic compressor rotor is used to demonstrate the methodology. The aim

Sóbester, András

216

VOLUME6/NUMBER1 Brandeis University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, protest, and debate on and off campus. Many people responded to the symbolism. Arts advocates who were, it was rewarding to see so many people were concerned about our campus museum. In the past, we often struggled." The Association of Performing Arts Service Organizations has identified that 50 percent of America's theaters

Fraden, Seth

217

Student Committee Representatives Guidelines Congratulations on being selected as a student representative to a GSLIS committee! We are  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Student Committee Representatives Guidelines Congratulations on being selected as a student to your resume or CV. Your job is to represent students to committees and committees to students. You represent the student body to the committee. Your job is to advocate for your fellow students by bringing

Gilbert, Matthew

218

OSU Council of Head Advisors Spring 2006 OSU Advisor-Advisee Responsibilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OSU Council of Head Advisors ­ Spring 2006 OSU Advisor-Advisee Responsibilities As an advisee, you accurate and truthful information when being advised. Initiate a purposeful relationship with your advisor during advising sessions. Your advisor should: Develop a purposeful relationship with and be an advocate

Escher, Christine

219

Advising is an ongoing process in which the student, in consultation with the department academic advisor, determines and creates the best-fit educational path toward graduation. This  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

advisor, determines and creates the best-fit educational path toward graduation. This process enables and abilities. The advisor acts as an advocate for the student in the university system, serves as a resource setting. Each semester the advisor monitors the student's academic progress and provides information

Gelfond, Michael

220

Mountains of western North Carolina. She builds on previous forestry literature by using a frame-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

companies opposed "a land grab by hikers and backpackers" while advocating for timber jobs (p. 154). Newfont titles as they entered the lands of others for timber, sh, game, and open grazing, while knowing). In contrast, different alignments and interests drove the wil- derness designation issue, as when local timber

Solovey, Mark

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "advocate wanda reder" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Quality Cost Analysis: Benefits and Risks Copyright Cem Kaner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

managers."1 Joseph Juran, one of the world's leading quality theorists, has been advocating the analysis. "Quality Costs" in Juran, J.M. & Gryna, F. M. (1988, 4th Ed.), Juran's Quality Control Handbook, Mc Gryna, F. M. "Quality Costs" in Juran, J.M. & Gryna, F. M. (1988, 4th Ed.), Juran's Quality Control

222

Invited Editorial Manually structured digital abstracts: A scaffold for automatic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the publication process, and authors will then use this out- put as a starting point to shape the digital abstractInvited Editorial Manually structured digital abstracts: A scaffold for automatic text mining In the past, we have advocated the adoption of the struc- tured digital abstract to bring scientific

Gerstein, Mark

223

DownloadedBy:[BiblUniversityDeLuminy]At:11:114June2008 Perception and action in sport: Half-time comments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and indispensable element in the process of perception, as advocated by the ecological approach to perception perception, decision and the production of movement, the ecological approach to perception and action seeksDownloadedBy:[BiblUniversityDeLuminy]At:11:114June2008 Perception and action in sport: Half

Jirsa, Viktor

224

Time for a Change? It's not just Daylight Savings Time that should be abolished!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Time for a Change? It's not just Daylight Savings Time that should be abolished! Sunday, March 11. It is just that the clocks are set differently! By government edict! I advocate not just abolishing Daylight of time zone and/or daylight savings time confusion. Every clock and wristwatch in the world would show

225

Extending Automated Compositional Verification to the Full Class of Omega-Regular Languages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Farzan1 , Yu-Fang Chen2 , Edmund M. Clarke1 , Yih-Kuen Tsay2 , and Bow-Yaw Wang3 1 Carnegie Mellon, 10]. Most compositional techniques advocate proving properties of a system by checking properties], system be- haviors and their requirements are formalized as regular languages. Assumptions in premises

Wang, Bow-Yaw

226

Clean Water Alliance Colorado Citizens Against ToxicWaste, Inc. Defenders of the Black Hills EARTHWORKS High Country  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· EARTHWORKS · High Country Conservation Advocates · Information Network for Responsible Mining Multicultural Campaign Tallahassee Area Community, Inc. · Uranium Watch Western Colorado Congress · Western Nebraska and that an appropriate regulation is developed to limit radiation emissions from uranium recovery facilities across

227

Bidirectional Technology Transfer: Sabbaticals in Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bidirectional Technology Transfer: Sabbaticals in Industry Mark D. Hill University of Wisconsin---not just technology transfer---through a ten­month sabbatical in an industrial product group. I advocate product group. The next sections discuss technology transfer, my recent sabbatical, and conclude

Hill, Mark D.

228

U.S. Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural Gas Liquids Reserves 1996 Annual Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. The information contained herein should be attributed to the Energy Information Administration and should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. HOW TO OBTAIN EIA PRODUCTS AND SERVICES

November Energy Information; U. S. Crude Oil; Natural Gas

229

An example of trust-based marketing and customer advocacy in e-commerce  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Professor Glen L. Urban at MIT Sloan advocates a new style of marketing based on trust-building. One way to build this trust is to use an advisor to have a conversation with the customer rather than talking at the customer. ...

Zhang, Min, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

IEEE Communications, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 22-23, June 2006 The Digital TV Transition: A Chance to Enhance Public Safety and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Manufacturers will not produce inexpensive digital TVs until many consumers buy digital. Many in Congress have 2008 and April 2009, but some Senators want earlier dates. The transition will not affect cable TV would demand converters unnecessarily for TVs with cable connections. Thus, advocates of large vouchers

Peha, Jon M.

231

Developing an evaluation methodology for immersive learning experiences in a virtual world  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

research findings and meeting international colleagues. Such applications also have an even greater dimensional framework [4]. The study undertaken aimed to test the efficacy of the evaluation methodology of these activities and experience and the approach advocated here builds upon an incremental testing and evaluation

Magoulas, George D.

232

About The Author Mari Tanaka is a fourth-year  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the International Labor Organization (ILO) and major nonprofit certifying institutions. The ILO standard is called provides incentives for local factories to comply with international labor standards, helping them access conditions. To define good working conditions, I used international labor standards advocated

Straight, Aaron

233

Health and justice: the capability to be healthy.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is an inter-disciplinary argument for a moral entitlement to a capability to be healthy. Motivated by the goal to make a human right to health intelligible and justifiable, the thesis extends the capability approach, advocated by Amartya Sen...

Venkatapuram, Sridhar

2009-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

234

Statistical Science 2006, Vol. 21, No. 3, 363375  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a suggestion of John Tukey--that the validity of inferences should not depend on assumptions, but assumptions? In his essay, "Sunset Salvo," Tukey (1986, page 72) advocated: Reducing dependence on assumptions "stringency" refers to efficiency at least against some alternatives. Later in the essay (page 73), Tukey

Small, Dylan

235

Physical Register Inlining Mikko H. Lipasti 1 , Brian R. Mestan 2 , and Erika Gunadi 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IBM Microelectronics IBM Corporation ­ Austin, TX bmestan@us.ibm.com Abstract Physical register access with multicycle access. This paper advocates more efficient utilization of a fewer number of physical registersPhysical Register Inlining Mikko H. Lipasti 1 , Brian R. Mestan 2 , and Erika Gunadi 1 1 Department

Lipasti, Mikko H.

236

Physical Register Inlining Mikko H. Lipasti1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IBM Microelectronics IBM Corporation - Austin, TX bmestan@us.ibm.com Abstract Physical register access with multicycle access. This paper advocates more efficient utilization of a fewer number of physical registersPhysical Register Inlining Mikko H. Lipasti1 , Brian R. Mestan2 , and Erika Gunadi1 1 Department

Lipasti, Mikko H.

237

Photosynthesis Research 62: 117119, 1999. 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the potential of `photosynthesis as a clean energy resource', ever advocating the role of plants (biomass, South Africa. After graduating cum laude in Agriculture from the University of Natal in 1957, he went) in the present and the future for- mulation of Energy and Environment policies for the developed and developing

Govindjee "Gov"

238

Focus the Nation notes Can Capitalism Save Us?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the example of hybrid vs. electric cars in California. After the government passed a law requiring a certain to advocate for hybrids when the market was found to be almost solely for hybrid cars. This example, argues amount of cars to be electric in a given time frame, the decision was later reversed and switched

Rigor, Ignatius G.

239

Clinical Toxicology, 33(2), 115-121 (1995) Potential Carcinogenicity of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as a sedative-hypnotic since at least 1869 (1). Today, it is used extensively in pediatrics, emergency medicine, radiology, dentistry, and other clinical settings for short term sedation of infants and children to allow are generally recommended for pediatric use. Various alternative drugs have been advocated for pediatric

California at Berkeley, University of

240

Latent-Descriptor Clustering for Unsupervised POS Induction Michael Lamar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Latent-Descriptor Clustering for Unsupervised POS Induction Michael Lamar Department of Mathematics; Lamar et al., 2010; Reichart et al., 2010; Berg-Kirkpatrick et al., 2010). Some of these methods use papers advocate non- disambiguating models (Abend et al., 2010; Lamar et al., 2010): these assign

Bienenstock, Elie

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "advocate wanda reder" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Increasing Community Access to Solar: Designing and Developing a Shared Solar Photovoltaic System (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document introduces the Energy Department's new Guide to Community Shared Solar: Utility, Private, and Nonprofit Project Development. The guide is designed to help those who want to develop community shared solar projects - from community organizers and advocates to utility managers and government officials - navigate the process of developing shared systems, from early planning to implementation.

Not Available

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

In a complex and all too often tragic world, it is useful to con-sider some comments from a great statesman as he guided his  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

believe our reliance on carbon-based energy will give way to hydrogen, wind and solar energy, transforming that encouraged Adolph Hitler to ignite one of history's most devastating wars. I am not an advocate of going to war; I believe few soldiers are. My objective is to point out that history presents unforeseen

Bieber, Michael

243

Who needs a scheduler? Anne Benoit, Loris Marchal and Yves Robert  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Who needs a scheduler? Anne Benoit, Loris Marchal and Yves Robert ´Ecole Normale Sup´erieure de-2008-34 Abstract This position paper advocates the need for schedul- ing. Even if resources at our), we would still need to assign the right task to the right device. We give several simple examples

Benoit, Anne

244

On the Design of Adaptive Automation for Complex David B. Kaber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Design of Adaptive Automation for Complex Systems David B. Kaber Department of Industrial This article presents a constrained review of human factors issues relevant to adaptive automation (AA havereceivedlimitedattentioninearlierreviewsofAA.Thisworkisaimedatsupportingageneralthe- ory of human-centered automation advocating humans

Kaber, David B.

245

Dear members of the Dutch academic community, The rise of the Internet has radically changed scholarly communication. New  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

scholarly communication. New opportunities in ICT mean that everyone with access to the Internet can to advocate free access to your own scientific publications. Green and gold The international debate about Open Access distinguishes two main routes: the green and the golden route. The green route is based

246

Preface: Special Issue on Catalytic Control of Lean-Burn Engine Exhaust Emissions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This issue of Catalysis Today includes original research articles based on select presentations from the Mobile Emissions Control Symposium at the 22nd North American Catalysis Society (NACS) Meeting held in Detroit in June 2011, with a particular focus on catalyzed diesel emissions control. The Symposium was dedicated to the memory of Dr. Haren Gandhi, a visionary technology leader and a passionate environmental advocate.

Yezerets, Aleksey; Peden, Charles HF; Szanyi, Janos; Nova, Isabella; Epling, Bill

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

247

18th AIAA Computational Fluid Dynamics Conference, June 2528, 2007, Miami, FL Petaflops Opportunities for the NASA Fundamental  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in high performance computing at the national level. Advocacy for high performance computing has role as a leading advocate for high performance computational engi- neering at the national level. We in formulating the case for increased investment in high performance computing activities, and that a similar

Peraire, Jaime

248

Polymorphism and Separation in Hoare Type Theory Aleksandar Nanevski Greg Morrisett Lars Birkedal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polymorphism and Separation in Hoare Type Theory Aleksandar Nanevski Greg Morrisett Lars Birkedal in the "small footprint" manner advocated by Separation Logic, whereby a precondition tightly describes the heap and Hoare-like logics we list ESC/Java [10, 19], Splint [11], and Cyclone [16], among others it is clear

Birkedal, Lars

249

ThompsonHall DimondLibrary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Congreve Hall ThompsonHall Murkland Hall DeMer Ha DimondLibrary Bounce House Bounce House 13-30 31 Durham Business Association 96A Durham: It's Where U Live 164 Ecological Advocates 14 Education Crime Investigation Association 49 Hillell 167 Horsemen's Club 29 Housing 138 Improv Anonymous 13

250

1. I look forward to meeting anyone who is interested in working for an environmental advocacy group this Friday at the career fair.about 16 hours ago via Mobile Web  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

group this Friday at the career fair.about 16 hours ago via Mobile Web 2. I hope that everyone enjoyed hearing about a day of my life as an environmental advocate.about 16 hours ago via Mobile Web 3. Now via Mobile Web 4. Writing follow up emails to everyone I spoke with today.about 17 hours ago via

Plotkin, Joshua B.

251

Stanford University September 2011 Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research on the web:http://siepr.stanford.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

other major sectors of the U.S. economy? Many of the core ideas advocated by health care reformers:http://siepr.stanford.edu SIEPRpolicy brief Will information technology transform the health care sector the way it has transformed are premised on patients, physicians, and health care organizations having access to complete electronic

Li, Fei-Fei

252

WWU Sustainability Academy 4PM, Wednesday, December 3, CF 125  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WWU Sustainability Academy 4PM, Wednesday, December 3, CF 125 Draft Agenda 1. Welcome ­ Facilitators panel 2. Establishing a WWU Sustainability Academy Responses to Survey Questionnaire What the WWU Sustainability Academy can do Advocating for sustainability studies at WWU 3. The Existing

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

253

* jafleeman@aep.com EHV AC and HVDC Transmission Working Together to Integrate Renewable Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

* jafleeman@aep.com EHV AC and HVDC Transmission Working Together to Integrate Renewable Power J. A current (EHV AC) and high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission systems and advocates a hybrid as a high capacity platform for system integration. HVDC transmission offers express, efficient delivery

McCalley, James D.

254

nature physics | VOL 1 | NOVEMBER 2005 | www.nature.com/naturephysics 67 Vol.1 No.2 November 2005 www.nature.com/naturephysics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was not alone among the Manhattan project physicists in subsequently opposing the nuclear weapons he had helped after the war as a champion of the Pugwash organization, which advocates nuclear disarmament. Rotblat", on the occasion of the first, `Trinity', test of the atomic bomb in July 1945. The latest exploration

Loss, Daniel

255

THE MARMARA SEA GATEWAY SINCE ~16 KY BP: NON-CATASTROPHIC CAUSES OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

than 1000 years. Sufficient Mediterranean water to change the Sr-isotopic composition of slope Gateway, Bosphorus Strait, Black Sea Flood Hypothesis, Outflow Hypothesis, climate change 1. INTRODUCTION of the Black Sea to the Eastern Mediterranean has been intensely debated. Ryan, Pitman and coworkers advocate

Kaminski, Michael A.

256

62 January/February 2013 Copublished by the IEEE Computer and Reliability Societies 1540-7993/13/$31.00 2013 IEEE NATIONAL SECURITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(FBI) claims its wire- tapping capability is "going dark" (h p://judiciary. house.gov/hearings/hear_02172011.html). Law enforcement's preferred solution? Since 2010, the FBI has advocated expanding the scope telephone networks be built wiretap enabled. e FBI wants to extend such requirements to IP

Landau, Susan

257

Annual Update Inspiration for Action Classrooms Extend to Kitchens Once Upon a Time[line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kellogg House: One of the Oldest Buildings on Campus Reborn Williams Embraces Solar Energy Emissions Cricket Creek Farm in Williamstown on a sunny May morning. Real Food Williams, a student group advocating make one stride forward on sustainability--installing solar panels, reducing a waste stream, buying

Aalberts, Daniel P.

258

Increasing Community Access to Solar: Designing and Developing a Shared Solar Photovoltaic System (Fact Sheet), U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document introduces the Energy Departments new Guide to Community Shared Solar: Utility, Private, and Nonprofit Project Development. The guide is designed to help those who want to develop community shared solar projectsfrom community organizers and advocates to utility managers and government officialsnavigate the process of developing shared systems, from early planning to implementation.

259

ODU Center for Family Violence Education and Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

received her Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of New Hampshire. She has published articles and book. · Developing public awareness campaigns to educate members of the public about family violence. · Evaluating is the Education Coordinator, the Court Advocate and a Counselor for Response Sexual Assault Support Services

260

Chart Update Mashup Briana M. Sullivan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/Joint Hydrographic Center University of New Hampshire Durham, USA briana@ccom.unh.edu Abstract-- Critical nautical due to the use of outdated nautical charts. According to the Oregon State Parks Service, the wreck leaders that all "share a commitment to boating safety" [5]. Their website advocates public awareness

Ware, Colin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "advocate wanda reder" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Mapping the Impact of Security Threats on Safety-Critical Global Navigation Satellite Systems Chris W. Johnson (1), A. Atencia Yepez (2)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mapping the Impact of Security Threats on Safety-Critical Global Navigation Satellite Systems Chris of attack scenarios can be used to assess the resilience of safety cases to the impact of external security accident advocated the development of safety argumentation across the oil and gas industry (US Presidential

Johnson, Chris

262

146 CALIFORNIA AGRICULTURE VOLUME 59, NUMBER 3 Over the past 6 months I've been  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, elected officials, environ- mental advocates -- who rely on the University for research findings, new though I had worked with UC for 25 years as a Cooperative Extension forestry specialist, I hadn't fully's Agricultural Experiment Station (AES) and Cooperative Extension (UCCE). Our campus- and county

Standiford, Richard B.

263

By Dr David Whitehouse BBC News Online science editor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, which is used to generate electricity. Nuclear fusion takes a different approach, seeking to emulate a thermal blanket which in turn is used to generate electricity. Advocates of fusion power point out that are needed," said Hidekazu Tanaka, a senior official of the Japanese Education, Culture, Sports, Science

264

Senate Forum, Spring 2011, Vol. XXVI (3) Volume XXVI, Number 3, Spring 2011 A publication of the Academic Senate, California State University, Fullerton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of evolution, but his Dad, who was doing experiments reanimating dead bodies with electricity. While the rest observations that commentators make is that advocates of online education frequently advance the virtues, and makes no mention of any potential shortcoming of online education, nor does it express any concern

de Lijser, Peter

265

Global Food Shortage Linked to Biofuel Use -Part III -U.S. Backlash | Climate Science & Politics Climate Science & Politics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

feedstock specific threshold prices indicating at which level of fossil fuel prices biofuel production advocates are now puzzled about how to maintain the green image of biofuels vs. fossil fuels. One of them that - in the absence of subsidies - palm oil is by far the most competitive vegetable oil for the production

266

Why aren't they locked in waiting games? Unlocking rules and the ecology of concepts in the semiconductor industry.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Transition management, technological innovation systems and works on transition pathways suggest a second for Semiconductors (ITRS). Keywords: socio-technical regime, transition, strategic niche management, unlocking rules-technical regime transitions: strategic niche management (SNM). SNM advocates the creation of socio

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

267

Graphene-enabled Wireless Networks-on-Chip (Invited Paper)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graphene-enabled Wireless Networks-on-Chip (Invited Paper) Ignacio Llatser, Sergi Abadal, Albert,abadal,amestres,acabello}@ac.upc.edu, eduard.alarcon@upc.edu Abstract--Graphene-enabled Wireless Communications (GWC) advocate for the use of graphene-based plasmonic antennas, or graphennas, which take advantage of the plasmonic properties

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

268

An Exploration of the Relationship between Street Patterns and Floodplains in The Woodlands, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

form was designed around the hydrological system. This thesis will focus on one aspect of the city form, the street pattern, to determine the effectiveness of street designs' response to floodplains. Unlike the grid-like pattern advocated by the New...

Xu, Junping

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

269

REMARKS BY PRESIDENTIAL ECONOMIC ADVISER ANDREI ILLARIONOV AT A PRESS CONFERENCE ON RESULTS OF THE CLIMATE CHANGE AND KYOTO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF THE CLIMATE CHANGE AND KYOTO PROTOCOL SEMINAR IN MOSCOW The Federal News Service - Official Kremlin Int'l News, and if there is a rise, it has nothing to do with climate change. If there is an insignificant increase have repeatedly asked our foreign partners who advocate the Kyoto Protocol and who insist that Russia

Fischlin, Andreas

270

TO PH-D DESIGN ONLINE CONFERENCE, NOVEMBER 24, 2003 Dear everyone,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and design schools." It is implied that we are living in a world which is not sustainable and has to change conference program committee has asked us to create a vision of a sustainable world, and explain how for sustainability" issue was raised here by Chris Rust and eloquently advocated by John Broadbent who said: "...we

Karabeg, Dino

271

Connective Power: Solar Electrification and Social Change in Kenya  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Connective Power: Solar Electrification and Social Change in Kenya ARNE JACOBSON * Humboldt State development, Africa, Kenya 1. INTRODUCTION Solar electrification has emerged as a leading alternative to grid technology advocates, but my research in Kenya indicates that solar electrification is, at best, only loosely

Jacobson, Arne

272

Phase equilibrium constraints on the production and storage of peralkaline silicic magmas: insights from Kenya and Pantelleria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from Kenya and Pantelleria Bruno Scaillet : ISTO-CNRS, Orleans, France; bscaille@cnrs-orleans.fr Ray of the Kenya Rift Valley. There, a partial melting of crustal protoliths has been advocated on the basis from two key localities: one in Kenya, the Olkaria volcanic field near Naivasha lake, and one in Italy

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

273

28M A N A G E M E N T A C C O U N T I N G Q U A R T E R L Y S P R I N G 2 0 1 2 , V O L . 1 3 , N O . 3 isk management is an important topic in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of directors: 1. Discuss risk management philosophy and risk appetite, 2. Understand risk management practices heavily advocated--and even mandated in some places--is enterprise risk management (ERM), a "process" that can help a company identify risk events and manage the related risks.1 Whether it's coming from the U

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

274

A Guide to Careers in Administrative Law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? In his work with the Southern Environmental Law Center, Blan Holman advocates preserving, have in common? All of them use the tools of administrative law to effect positive change in policies from food labels to public benefits to nuclear waste disposal. Administrative law refers generally

Wolfe, Patrick J.

275

A Large Scale Study of Programming Languages and Code Quality in Github  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

language design are overwhelm- ingly dominated by the process factors such as project size, team size the coding process, but also the properties of the resulting artifact. Advocates of strong static typing modeling with visualization and text analytics, to study the effect of language features such as static v

Devanbu, Prem

276

The Future Role of the Bonneville Power Administration in Power Supply  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to publicly owned electric utilities. While the federal government financed construction of the FCRPS obligation to sell power to publicly owned utilities at cost if asked. However, Bonneville's pu congressional allies as being subsidized by the federal government. Critics advocate privatizing Bonneville

277

Solar Power Satellites: Creating the Market for Beamed Energy Propulsion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Beamed energy advocates must investigate the potential of major markets like space based solar satellites and space-based nuclear waste disposal. For BEP to succeed, its proponents must work with these possible users to generate interest and resources needed to develop BEP.

Coopersmith, Jonathan [Dept. of History, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)

2010-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

278

Mn/DOT's Ombudsman Program Collaboration and Process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mn/DOT's Ombudsman Program Collaboration and Process #12;Overview Ombudsman exists to rebuild trust on the environmental and municipal consent processes can be critical #12;A Large Organization #12;Tragedy;Ombudsman Does Not... ! Advocate for one party or point of view ! Own any formal process or policy

Minnesota, University of

279

Averaged dynamics of ultra-relativisitc charged particles beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we consider the suitability of using the charged cold fluid model in the description of ultra-relativistic beams. The method that we have used is the following. Firstly, the necessary notions of kinetic theory and differential geometry of second order differential equations are explained. Then an averaging procedure is applied to a connection associated with the Lorentz force equation. The result of this averaging is an affine connection on the space-time manifold. The corresponding geodesic equation defines the averaged Lorentz force equation. We prove that for ultra-relativistic beams described by narrow distribution functions, the solutions of both equations are similar. This fact justifies the replacement of the Lorentz force equation by the simpler {\\it averaged Lorentz force equation}. After this, for each of these models we associate the corresponding kinetic model, which are based on the Vlasov equation and {\\it averaged Vlasov equation} respectively. The averaged Vlasov equation is simpler than the original Vlasov equation. This fact allows us to prove that the differential operation defining the averaged charged cold fluid equation is controlled by the {\\it diameter of the distribution function}, by powers of the {\\it energy of the beam} and by the time of evolution $t$. We show that the Vlasov equation and the averaged Vlasov equation have similar solutions, when the initial conditions are the same. Finally, as an application of the {\\it averaged Lorentz force equation} we re-derive the beam dynamics formalism used in accelerator physics from the Jacobi equation of the averaged Lorentz force equation.

Ricardo Gallego Torrom

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

280

An analysis of the impact of alternative import management policies for shrimp  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, particularly within the harvesting industry, have produced periodic calls for changes in government policy. Industry spokesmen are now advocating the regula- tion of imports through a system of tariffs and quotas. A recent House bill (H. R. 4041) proposed... the combination of a 210 million pound quota and a 30% ad valorem tariff. The extent and distribution of costs and bene- fits are not immediately clear. The research reported herein quantita- tively evaluates the effectiveness of alternative import management...

Hopkins, Jane Chadwick

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "advocate wanda reder" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Solarize Guidebook: A Community Guide to Collective Purchasing of Residential PV Systems (Book)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This guidebook is intended as a road map for project planners and solar advocates who want to convert 'interest' into 'action,' to break through market barriers and permanently transform the market for residential solar installations in their communities. It describes the key elements of the Solarize campaigns in Portland, and offers several program refinements from projects beyond Portland. The guidebook provides lessons, considerations, and step-by-step plans for project organizers to replicate the success of Solarize Portland.

Not Available

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Separating spouses and uniting neighbors: a critical analysis of the ideal speech situation in mediation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Advisory Committee: Dr. Charles Conrad Proponents of mediation claim it is the perfect process to resolve conflict because it allows all parties the opportunity to express their views and reach a mutually agreeable course of action. Some mediation... advocates also claim it can equalize power imbalances between parties. Habermas' conception of an ideal speech situation is one without domination where a consensus of meaning is reached. This thesis provides an analysis of the community mediation process...

Sinclair-James, Lucinda

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Spotlight, March 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

family size" to a choice system that (continued on page 2) By Thelma Simons, Project Coordinator for Information Technology and KU Advocate for Just Food 2 Page 2 KU Center for Sustainability March 2013 Kansas Dialogue Focuses Discussion at a...-4 PM Downtown Lawrence & South Park 4/23 Sustainability Leadership Award & Green Office Recognition Event, 3:30 PM Kansas Union 4/23 The Environment & Energy: The Role of Free Enterprise and the Government, 7:30 PM Dole Institute...

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Improving Efficiency and Effectiveness of Multipath Routing in Computer Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- ing energy consumption in computer networks. Two di erent approaches have been advocated earlier, from tra c engineering and topology control to hardware-based approaches. We proposed solutions at two di erent time scales. On a ner time granularity... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 2. Convergence to approximate Wardrop equilibrium . . 47 3. Impact of tra c bursts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 4. Impact of the update interval . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 D. Related work...

Lee, Yong Oh

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

285

Relational Agents for mHealth & Mental Health  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Not At All #12;Results (N=11) Avg 89% #12;Substance Abuse Screening #12;Substance Abuse Screening · Pilot Advocate · Self-care counselor · Personified · Personal · Portable · Proactive Sponsor: NLM #12;Modality EAN IM FULL WAI (p=.008) 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 TEXT IM A G E AN IM FULL CARING (p

286

SOLAR SEMINAR SERIES S P R I N G 2 0 1 4 P H O T O V O L T A I C S E M I N A R S E R I E S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the quantified cost avoidance opportunities described above, there are a number of "soft" benefits for advocatingSOLAR SEMINAR SERIES S P R I N G 2 0 1 4 P H O T O V O L T A I C S E M I N A R S E R I E S NARAYAN Energy Center Residential roofing applications can satisfy >50% of residential electricity demand with 10

Ginzel, Matthew

287

A review of "The Letters of Dorothy Moore: The Intellectual Life of a Seventeenth-Century Woman." by Lynette Hunter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

woman of great intellect who lived in England and on the Continent at various times in her life. She also came to be a participant in the circle of Protestant reformers that included the Polish-born ?intelligencer? and educational-reform advocate... Samuel Hartlib; the theolo- gian and philosopher, John Dury, whom she later married; Katherine Boyle (Lady Ranelagh) and her brother, the chemist Robert Boyle; and others who aimed to end sectarian divisiveness among Protestants and to reform educa- tion...

Ellen J. Jenkins

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Understanding School Climate and Interventions for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning Students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and openness. Your unique insight and perspective made this study worthwhile. I can only hope that by sharing your experiences school climate can be improved for LGBTQ students. To the GSA advisor participants: you are amazing women. I appreciate your... candid comments and extreme dedication to advocate for LGBTQ students. You are undoubtedly making a significant impact in many students lives by serving as GSA advisors. To the principal participants: thank you for engaging in an honest dialogue about...

Hutton, Stacy Lynn

2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

289

Solarize Guidebook: A Community Guide to Collective Purchasing of Residential PV Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This handbook is intended as a road map for project planners and solar advocates who want to convert interest into action, to break through market barriers and permanently transform the market for residential solar installations in their communities. It describes the key elements of the Solarize campaigns in Portland, and offers several program refinements from projects beyond Portland. The handbook provides lessons, considerations, and step-by-step plans for project organizers to replicate the success of Solarize Portland.

Irvine, L.; Sawyer, A.; Grove, J.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

The relationship between small learning communities and student performance as identified by the Academic Excellence Indicator System at Robert E. Lee High School in North East Independent School District, San Antonio, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/vocational pathways. In the 1970s, schools progressed toward developing magnet programs, career academies, and mini-schools (Oxley, 2006). Charter schools became part of the high school evolution in the 1980s - 1990s, and are still strong advocates for small... traditional campus. Small Learning Communities Models and Strategies Sammon (2000) describes small learning communities by clustering them into six main models: career academies, houses, small learning community (SLC)/school- within-school, magnet schools...

Turnbo, Bobbie Jo

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

291

The relationship between small learning communities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/vocational pathways. In the 1970s, schools progressed toward developing magnet programs, career academies, and mini-schools (Oxley, 2006). Charter schools became part of the high school evolution in the 1980s - 1990s, and are still strong advocates for small... traditional campus. Small Learning Communities Models and Strategies Sammon (2000) describes small learning communities by clustering them into six main models: career academies, houses, small learning community (SLC)/school- within-school, magnet schools...

Turnbo, Bobbie Jo

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

292

Performance Evaluation of a Hot-Humid Climate Community  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Project Home Again is a development in New Orleans, LA created to provide new homes to victims of Hurricane Katrina. Building Science Corporation acted as a consultant for the project, advocating design strategies for durability, flood resistance, occupant comfort, and low energy use while maintaining cost effectiveness. These techniques include the use of high density spray foam insulation, LoE3 glazing, and supplemental dehumidification to maintain comfortable humidity levels without unnecessary cooling.

Osser, R.; Kerrigan, P.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

The use of vasectomy in stray cat population control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1995) Jane Caryl Mahlow, B. S. , College of St. Francis; D. V. M. , University of Illinois Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Margaret R. Slater Despite concerted efforts by animal control agencies and animal welfare advocates, stray cats continue.... Peline Reproductive Physiology . . . 3 . 8 MATERIALS AND METHODS. . . . 10 Identification of Sampling Sites. . . Obtaining Consent and Cooperation. . Surveillance Intervention . . 10 . . 10 . . 11 . . 14 RESULTS. . 17 DISCUSSION AND SUMMARY...

Mahlow, Jane Caryl

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Second Law Analysis for Process and Energy Engineering: Use in a Steam/Power Cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

exergy value per unit of heat CQuid have been used. e. Using fuel to heat the entering combustion air, which Is at ambient temperature. The foregoing observations are qualitative rather than quantitative, and even without quantification they can... not -- the 2nd law concept, exergy, does .- represent ?potentlal to cause change: Nevertheless, energy is an important scientific concept. It Is a key to the modelling of natural phenomena and systems. (By no means do we advocate replacing ?energy analysis...

Sama, D.; Sanhong, Q.

295

ParaSAL, implicit use of multiple processors in a functional language  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, The evaluation method common with languages based on the lambda calculus require a centralized "environment" which serves as a bottleneck in a multiproces- sor system; each process must be able to access a shared structure. Hudak and Goldberg in [4) advocate... in Figure 3. B and C are introduced to handle the situations where only one of tsvo expressions needs the argument. 1Vith these optimizations, a more reasonable translation of the function is possible. Figure 4 contains sn example of s, function...

Hartness, Ken Terry

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

296

$?$-mass Modification in $He^3$ - a Signal of Restoration of Chiral Symmetry or Test for Nuclear Matter Models ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two recent experiments have demonstrated that the effective $\\rho$-mass in nuclear medium, as extracted from the $^3He(\\gamma, \\pi^+ \\pi^-)$ reaction, is substantially reduced. This has been advocated as an indication of partial restoration of chiral symmetry in nuclear matter. We show that even in the absence of chiral symmetry, effective mean field nuclear matter models can explain these findings quantitatively.

Abhijit Bhattacharyya; Sanjay K. Ghosh; Sibaji Raha

1999-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

297

First-ever carbon denial reflects stiff opposition now confronting coal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coal, the dominant fuel source for electric power generation in the U.S. - and in many other countries around the world - is facing unprecedented opposition from environmentalists and energy conservation advocates. Growing concerns about global climate change have made it so much more difficult for many coal projects to get the necessary permits to proceed. In October 2007 a new precedent was set for denying a power plant permit on grounds of carbon emissions.

NONE

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

298

The Role of Narrative in Constructing an Advocacy Coalition: The Case of Sao Paulo's Non-discrimination Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and Donald P. Haider-Markel for their invaluable feedback from the initial inception of this project, through its execution, and its final form. And finally, I would like to thank the respondents in this paper, whose patience and goodwill contributed to a.../AIDS epidemic resulted in increased societal intolerance to gays and lesbians and a decrease in movement activity (Trevisan 2011). During the 1990s, the movement began to regain traction through campaigns advocating pride, visibility, and an end to homophobic...

Longaker, Jacob Reed

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

299

Dimensions of Family and Professional Partnerships: Constructive Guidelines for Collaboration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

adolescents and young adults with disabilities. Both stakeholder groups identified the disparity of Winter 2004 168 power and authority in the relationship between parents and professionals as a major challenge to successful partnerships... equally powerful in their ability to influence outcomes for children and families. Avoiding use of "clout" Empowering partners Validating others Advocating for child or family with other professionals Allowing reciprocity among members Being...

Blue-Banning, Martha; Summers, Jean Ann; Frankland, H. Corine; Lord Nelson, Louise G.; Beegle, Gwen

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

A review of "Control of Religious Printing in Early Stuart England." by S. Mutchow Towers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REVIEWS 87 Nevitt?s project positions itself firmly in the now classic debate in Dutch art history as to whether images celebrate or proscribe the sensual pleasures they depict. This debate reached its climax in the late 1980s and has been... properly termed ?anti-Calvinism.? By supplanting a more widely accepted Calvinist ?orthodoxy? with an anti-Calvinist ?orthodoxy? the heat was turned up significantly in the question of conformity, for the old advocates of a Calvinist conformity were now...

Steven Matthews

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "advocate wanda reder" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Study of single top production at high energy electron positron colliders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Top production will play a important role in future high energy electron--positron colliders. Detailed calculations are already available for the process $e^+e^-\\rightarrow t\\bar{t}$, but single top events have mostly been neglected so far. We evaluate the relevance of these events and advocate the exploration of the related process $e^+e^-\\rightarrow W^+bW^-\\bar{b}$.

Ignacio Garcia; Martin Perello; Eduardo Ros; Marcel Vos

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

302

Reply Comments by the National Association of State Utility Consumer  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energy fromComments on NBPSitingPresentationEnergyReplacementAdvocates |

303

Reply Comments of Entergy Services, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energy fromComments on NBPSitingPresentationEnergyReplacementAdvocates

304

Anne Morrow Lindbergh: twentieth century Transcendentalist  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

philosopher. Some of the Oriental 5 Miller, ed. , The Transcendentalists, 8-9. 6 Miller, eo. , The American Transcender ta] ists, 4. philosophers supplied confirmation of ideas the Transcend- 7 entalists thought were radical and new. Transcendentalism... will follow the format and style of the Americ n Historical Review. Germany. " Though Transcendentalism borrowed ideas and ex- pressions from Europe and the Orient, it was a uniquely American philosophy. Its advocates were New Englanders, well...

Moyer, Barbara Robb

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

SMALL BUSINESS INFORMATION RESOURCES Dec 27, 2011 -Page 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Operations Office http://www.hanford.gov/ U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office. Click_Business_Advocate@rl.gov Linda Bell AdvanceMed Hanford(Occupational Health) P. O. Box 150, G3-70 Richland, WA 99352 (509) 376-2041 (509) 376-2020 fax e-mail: linda_l_bell@rl.gov Jason Sperling Washington Closure Hanford 2620 Fermi

306

Nuclear power browning out  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When the sad history of nuclear power is written, April 26, 1986, will be recorded as the day the dream died. The explosion at the Chernobyl plant was a terrible human tragedy- and it delivered a stark verdict on the hope that nuclear power will one day replace fossil fuel-based energy systems. Nuclear advocates may soldier on, but a decade after Chernobyl it is clear that nuclear power is no longer a viable energy option for the twenty-first century.

Flavin, C.; Lenssen, N.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

The Rise and Fall of the American Counterculture: A History of the Hippies and Other Cultural Dissidents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Countercultural Environmentalism (New York, 2013); Sherry L. Smith, Hippies, Indians, and the Fight for Red Power (New York, 2012); Travis D. Stimeling, Cosmic Cowboys and New Hicks: The Countercultural Sounds of Austins Progressive Country Music Scene (New... of optimism, faith, and lovethe quintessential counterculture burgeoned. Hippie values became more numerous, diverse, and complex, as the flower people gathered for love-ins and massive rock festivals, advocated peace, love, and Flower Power...

Bach, Damon

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

308

Communicating about feminism and implementing feminist practices in research methodology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

illustrate the power that the negative stigma surrounding feminism has on individuals. Even many people who support feminist values feel the need to separate themselves from the feminist movement by refusing to call themselves "feminists. " Although... researchers advocate other methodological changes that make thc rcscarch process more consistent with feminist values. They oflen find the imbalance of power that exists between the researcher and research participants to be one of the most serious problems...

Barnard, Megan

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Stochastic Models Predict User Behavior in Social Media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

User response to contributed content in online social media depends on many factors. These include how the site lays out new content, how frequently the user visits the site, how many friends the user follows, how active these friends are, as well as how interesting or useful the content is to the user. We present a stochastic modeling framework that relates a user's behavior to details of the site's user interface and user activity and describe a procedure for estimating model parameters from available data. We apply the model to study discussions of controversial topics on Twitter, specifically, to predict how followers of an advocate for a topic respond to the advocate's posts. We show that a model of user behavior that explicitly accounts for a user transitioning through a series of states before responding to an advocate's post better predicts response than models that fail to take these states into account. We demonstrate other benefits of stochastic models, such as their ability to identify users who a...

Hogg, Tad; Smith, Laura M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Energy storage for the electricity grid : benefits and market potential assessment guide : a study for the DOE Energy Storage Systems Program.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This guide describes a high-level, technology-neutral framework for assessing potential benefits from and economic market potential for energy storage used for electric-utility-related applications. The overarching theme addressed is the concept of combining applications/benefits into attractive value propositions that include use of energy storage, possibly including distributed and/or modular systems. Other topics addressed include: high-level estimates of application-specific lifecycle benefit (10 years) in $/kW and maximum market potential (10 years) in MW. Combined, these criteria indicate the economic potential (in $Millions) for a given energy storage application/benefit. The benefits and value propositions characterized provide an important indication of storage system cost targets for system and subsystem developers, vendors, and prospective users. Maximum market potential estimates provide developers, vendors, and energy policymakers with an indication of the upper bound of the potential demand for storage. The combination of the value of an individual benefit (in $/kW) and the corresponding maximum market potential estimate (in MW) indicates the possible impact that storage could have on the U.S. economy. The intended audience for this document includes persons or organizations needing a framework for making first-cut or high-level estimates of benefits for a specific storage project and/or those seeking a high-level estimate of viable price points and/or maximum market potential for their products. Thus, the intended audience includes: electric utility planners, electricity end users, non-utility electric energy and electric services providers, electric utility regulators and policymakers, intermittent renewables advocates and developers, Smart Grid advocates and developers, storage technology and project developers, and energy storage advocates.

Eyer, James M. (Distributed Utility Associates, Inc., Livermore, CA); Corey, Garth P. (KTech Corporation, Albuquerque, NM)

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Regional Transmission Projects: Finding Solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Keystone Center convened and facilitated a year-long Dialogue on "Regional Transmission Projects: Finding Solutions" to develop recommendations that will help address the difficult and contentious issues related to expansions of regional electric transmission systems that are needed for reliable and economic transmission of power within and across regions. This effort brought together a cross-section of affected stakeholders and thought leaders to address the problem with the collective wisdom of their experience and interests. Transmission owners sat at the table with consumer advocates and environmental organizations. Representatives from regional transmission organizations exchanged ideas with state and federal regulators. Generation developers explored common interests with public power suppliers. Together, the Dialogue participants developed consensus solutions about how to begin unraveling some of the more intractable issues surrounding identification of need, allocation of costs, and reaching consensus on siting issues that can frustrate the development of regional transmission infrastructure. The recommendations fall into three broad categories: 1. Recommendations on appropriate institutional arrangements and processes for achieving regional consensus on the need for new or expanded transmission infrastructure 2. Recommendations on the process for siting of transmission lines 3. Recommendations on the tools needed to support regional planning, cost allocation, and siting efforts. List of Dialogue participants: List of Dialogue Participants: American Electric Power American Transmission Company American Wind Energy Association California ISO Calpine Corporation Cinergy Edison Electric Institute Environmental Defense Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Great River Energy International Transmission Company ISO-New England Iowa Public Utility Board Kanner & Associates Midwest ISO National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners National Association of State Utility Consumer Advocates National Grid Northeast Utilities PA Office of Consumer Advocates Pacific Gas & Electric Corporation Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission PJM Interconnection The Electricity Consumers Resource Council U.S. Department of Energy US Department of the Interior Van Ness Feldman Western Interstate Energy Board Wind on the Wires Wisconsin Public Service Commission Xcel Energy

The Keystone Center

2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

312

Uncertainties on alpha(S) in global PDF analyses and implications for predicted hadronic cross sections.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

alone, which at first sight seems to contradict previous findings 4The low y data points from BCDMS are strongly affected by the energy scale uncertainty of the scattered muon. It has been advocated to impose a cut of y > 0.3 on the BCDMS data, which... . The preference of the F charm2 data for this is borne out by comparing both the values of ?2n,0 at each order and the shape of the profile, i.e. the NLO fit tries to flatten the slope with a lower coupling. The 10 MSTW 2008 NLO (?S) MSTW 2008 NNLO (?S) )2 Z (MS?...

Martin, A D; Stirling, W James; Thorne, Robert S; Watt, G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Now that we have smart meters, what do we do with them?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For years, electric utilities have been dreaming about the day when they would have smart meters on customers' premises. However, there have always been lingering doubts among some consumer advocates and critics of the smart metering schemes about their cost-effectiveness. An issue that is beginning to become noticed is that installing smart meters and introducing variable pricing will accomplish very little unless the price signals are communicated to consumers and -- more important -- to energy-using devices beyond the meter. Since consumers are unlikely to sit around watching variable prices and adjusting consumption or thermostat settings, ways must be found for the price signals to automatically and directly communicate with devices,.

NONE

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

314

The economic philosophy of John Charles Leonard Simonde de Sismondi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the celsbrsted Scotch ecoaowi:t, he wished to applr 8mithi:. , theories t- Prance, of ehich the canton of Oanava had become a department. ~ this book he avoe . d himself the advocate of complete freedom of trade, and objected to monopolies, cuscomhouses... Iles in tno f:;ct Chat he bri?ught out ln Chs opcin wh" t thc classic "il writers had oho en to pisss over ln s$ i ence, ;jnd pointed out in many of their theories where they e?red in their thin?lng. As he was the fixst impar t-:~nt mritcr...

Longley, James W.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

315

Low-Energy Building Design Guidelines: Energy-Efficient Design for New Federal Facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This guidebook has been prepared primarily for Federal energy managers to provide practical information for applying the principles of low-energy, whole-building design in new Federal buildings. An important objective of this guidebook is to teach energy managers how to be advocates for renewable energy and energy-efficient technologies, and how to apply specific strategies during each phase of a given project's time line. These key action items are broken out by phase and appear in abbreviated form in this guidebook.

Zachman, W.; Carlisle, N.

2001-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

316

Coal and climate regulations can co-exist  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Jim Rogers, president and chief executive officer of Duke Energy Corporation, examines how coal and climate change regulations can co-exist. He addresses the need for economically sound choices for future energy needs, which is complicated by what he refers to as 'the elephant in the room'climate change. He observes that new CO{sub 2} regulations would increase the USA's cost of generating electricity over time and result in higher prices for customers, and he advocates that a gradual, economy-wide, market-based U.S. climate policy is the best option. 1 ref., 1 fig.

Rogers, J. [Duke Energy Corp., Charlotte, NC (United States)

2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

317

Contribution of two particle-two hole final states to the nuclear response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The excitation of two particle-two hole final states in neutrino-nucleus scattering has been advocated by many authors as the source of the excess cross section observed by the MiniBooNE Collaboration in the quasi elastic sector. We analyse the mechanisms leading to the appearance of these final states, and illustrate their significance through the results of accurate calculations of the nuclear electromagnetic response in the transverse channel. A novel approach, allowing for a consistent treatment of the amplitudes involving one- and two-nucleon currents in the kinematical region in which the non relativistic approximation breaks down, is outlined.

Benhar, Omar; Rocco, Noemi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Limulus amebocyte lysate: an evaluation as a method for biological wastewater process monitoring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Relat1onsh1p between BDDS without nitrif1cation 1nhibitor and endotoxin concentration with a 95 percent confidence interval on Equation I Figure A-1. BOD w1thout n1trification 1nhibitor versus 5 total suspended solids. F1gure A-2. BOD without nitrif... percent of the initial dissolved oxygen content. Wagenhals, Theriault, and Hommon advocated that the best method available for estimating the strength of raw sewage was the BOD test. They felt the BOD test in conjunction with the suspended solids test...

Hawkins, Scott John

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Bell tests with photon-entanglement: LHV models and critical efficiencies at the light of Wigner-PDC optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within the Wigner-PDC picture of photon entanglement, detection "errors" are not independent (though they may look, on average), nor can they be controlled by means of a technological improvement on the detectors. Those two elements make possible the interpretation of experimental evidence without the need to exclude local realism: for that reason, we propose the abandonment of the usual (photon, particle-based) description of (PDC-generated) light states, in favour of an also quantum, but field-theoretical description (QED), a description that finds a one-to-one equivalent in the Wigner-PDC approach we have advocated in recent posts.

Rodriguez, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Bell tests with photon-entanglement: LHV models and critical efficiencies at the light of Wigner-PDC optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within the Wigner-PDC picture of photon entanglement, detection "errors" are not independent (though they may look, on average), nor can they be controlled by means of a technological improvement on the detectors. Those two elements make possible the interpretation of experimental evidence without the need to exclude local realism: for that reason, we propose the abandonment of the usual (photon, particle-based) description of (PDC-generated) light states, in favour of an also quantum, but field-theoretical description (QED), a description that finds a one-to-one equivalent in the Wigner-PDC approach we have advocated in recent posts.

David Rodriguez

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "advocate wanda reder" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Third Interview With RWM Dias - 13 March 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Yes. 256. Hart had apparently complained that the First Edition was too broadly ranging, but in the second edition you stuck to your guns and Durhams review praised your approach, saying that students need a broad introduction before they can follow... ranging, but in the second edition you stuck to your guns and Durham?s review praised your approach, saying that students need a broad introduction before they can follow the specific paths advocated by Hart. In retrospect do you believe that you were...

Dingle, Lesley; Bates, Daniel

2007-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

322

State versus federal mechanisms of regulating uses of wetlands in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reluctant in the past to ! ei ogni ze the Congressional mandate of the F'~(PCA which advocates preservation for environmental reasons. State mechanisms for the allocation of wetland resources are vested in each state's powers of eminant domain, state.... In California, for example, 67/ of t: he important habitat area oF wet. lands has fallen to dredging and filling, and in the San Francisco Bay area the figure jumps to 80%. 43 It is obvious then that the results of wetlands destruction is disasterous to man...

Nachtsheim, Henry John

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

ORSSAB News | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProvedDecemberInitiativesNational EnvironmentalNews ORSSAB News Advocate Newsletters March

324

ORSSAB Recommendations & Responses | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProvedDecemberInitiativesNational EnvironmentalNews ORSSAB News Advocate Newsletters

325

Oak Ridge Office of Environmental Management  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProvedDecemberInitiativesNational EnvironmentalNews ORSSAB News AdvocateSystemOakResourses

326

Integrity in Depth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the common problem of colluding with the attitude that shame is something to be ashamed of. He agrees with Andrew Morrison that for any in dividual with major deficits of the self, shame, not rage, is the principal affect. Beebe advocates "a psychology... is "Working on Integrity." In its opening section, "Fidelity to Process," Beebe shares a poi gnant therapeutic interchange in which he makes a mistake that leads to the patient's being angry at him. This rage facilitates the patient's discovery of her own...

Beebe, John

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Report to Congress on the feasibility of establishing a heating oil component to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the Autumn of 1996, consumers and Members of Congress from the Northeast expressed concern about high prices for heating oil and historically low levels of inventories. Some Members of Congress advocated building a Federal inventory of heating oil as part of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). Regional reserves are authorized as part of the SPR for import dependent regions by the Energy Policy and Conservation Act. In response, the Department of Energy (DOE) proposed a series of studies related to heating fuels, including a study of the desirability, feasibility, and cost of creating a Federal reserve containing distillate fuel. This report documents that study.

NONE

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

The Case for a Next Generation LMC Microlensing Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microlensing surveys search for the transient brightening of a background star that is the signature of gravitational lensing by a foreground compact object. This technique is an elegant way to search for astrophysical candidates that might comprise the dark matter halo of the Milky Way. While the current projects have successfully detected the phenomenon of microlensing and have reported many important results, the relatively large event rate reported towards the LMC remains a puzzle. The first step in resolving this mystery is determining the location of the excess lensing population. This will require a microlensing survey with an order of magnitude increase in sensitivity over current projects. I summarize the present status of microlensing surveys, and present (and advocate!) a next-generation project that should be capable of unambiguously determining whether the dark halo of the Galaxy is indeed made up of MACHOs, or whether the observed events are due to previously unappreciated ordinary stellar populations.

Christopher W. Stubbs

1998-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

329

Probing the Interiors of the Ice Giants: Shock Compression of Water to 700 GPa and 3.8 g/cm  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

Recently, there has been a tremendous increase in the number of identified extrasolar planetary systems. Our understanding of their formation is tied to exoplanet internal structure models, which rely upon equations of state of light elements and compounds such as water. Here, we present shock compression data for water with unprecedented accuracy that show that water equations of state commonly used in planetary modeling significantly overestimate the compressibility at conditions relevant to planetary interiors. Furthermore, we show that its behavior at these conditions, including reflectivity and isentropic response, is well-described by a recent first-principles based equation of state. These findings advocate that this water model be used as the standard for modeling Neptune, Uranus, and hot Neptune exoplanets and should improve our understanding of these types of planets.

Knudson, M. D.; Desjarlais, M. P.; Lemke, R. W.; Mattsson, T. R.; French, M.; Nettelmann, N.; Redmer, R.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Medical University of South Carolina Environmental Hazards Assessment Program annual report, July 1, 1993--June 30, 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Institute of Medicine and the Pew Health Profession Commission have advocated that physicians broaden their participation in the envirorunental aspects of medical care. Accordingly, both organizations recommend training of future primary care physicians for greater competencies and appreciation of this area of medicine. The extent to which family practice educators are receptive to incorporating this topic into the residency curriculum is not known. A national survey of directors of family practice programs was conducted to assess their attitudes about environmental health education in family practice residency training. The ultimate goal of this study was to provide information that will guide the development of an environmental health curriculum for family practice residency programs. Videotapes supporting this program have been indexed individually.

Not Available

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Galileo in early modern Denmark, 1600-1650  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The scientific revolution in the first half of the seventeenth century, pioneered by figures such as Harvey, Galileo, Gassendi, Kepler and Descartes, was disseminated to the northernmost countries in Europe with considerable delay. In this essay I examine how and when Galileo's new ideas in physics and astronomy became known in Denmark, and I compare the reception with the one in Sweden. It turns out that Galileo was almost exclusively known for his sensational use of the telescope to unravel the secrets of the heavens, meaning that he was predominantly seen as an astronomical innovator and advocate of the Copernican world system. Danish astronomy at the time was however based on Tycho Brahe's view of the universe and therefore hostile to Copernican and, by implication, Galilean cosmology. Although Galileo's telescope attracted much attention, it took about thirty years until a Danish astronomer actually used the instrument for observations. By the 1640s Galileo was generally admired for his astronomical disc...

Kragh, Helge

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

U.S.-EC Fuel Cycle Study: Background Document to the Approach and Issues  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Introducing social costs into utility decision making is not the first best policy for internalizing damages associated with energy use. If this approach is applied to electric utilities only, energy markets could become distorted. It introduces possible anti-new source bias if applied to only new sources. It requires that other policies, such as potentially inefficient environmental laws, be taken as a given. It offers an inappropriate jurisdictional control for many issues, such as global warming or foreign policy, which will be a source of frustration for many advocates. And it could even result in increases in pollution. It would be preferable for federal and state laws to be set and designed efficiently affecting all sectors of the economy. Nonetheless, application and investment of the concept of social costing of electricity can lead to more efficient electricity generation choices. While the piecemeal problem is potentially significant, so are the benefits of social costing.

Lee, R.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Battery energy storage market feasibility study -- Expanded report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under the sponsorship of the US Department of Energy`s Office of Utility Technologies, the Energy Storage Systems Analysis and Development Department at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) contracted Frost and Sullivan to conduct a market feasibility study of energy storage systems. The study was designed specifically to quantify the battery energy storage market for utility applications. This study was based on the SNL Opportunities Analysis performed earlier. Many of the groups surveyed, which included electricity providers, battery energy storage vendors, regulators, consultants, and technology advocates, viewed battery storage as an important technology to enable increased use of renewable energy and as a means to solve power quality and asset utilization issues. There are two versions of the document available, an expanded version (approximately 200 pages, SAND97-1275/2) and a short version (approximately 25 pages, SAND97-1275/1).

Kraft, S. [Frost and Sullivan, Mountain View, CA (United States); Akhil, A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Energy Storage Systems Analysis and Development Dept.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Overview of the U.S. Department of Energy/National Renewable Energy Laboratory avian research program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As wind energy use continues to expand, concern over the possible impacts of wind farms on birds continues to be an issue. The concern includes two primary areas: the effect of avian mortality on bird populations, and possible litigation over the killing of even one bird if it is protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act or the Endangered Species Act or both. In order to address these concerns, the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), working collaboratively with all stakeholders including utilities, environmental groups, consumer advocates, utility regulators, government officials, and the wind industry, has an active avian-wind power research program. DOE/NREL is conducting and sponsoring research with the expectation of developing solutions to educe or avoid avian mortality due to wind energy development throughout the US. This paper outlines the DOE/NREL approach and summarizes completed, current, and planned projects.

Sinclair, K.C. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Morrison, M.L. [California State Univ., Sacramento, CA (United States). Dept. of Biological Sciences

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Mitigating avian impacts: Applying the wetlands experience to wind farms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and state environmental laws spawned by NEPA, such as the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) and Washington State`s Environmental Policy Act (SEPA) have made us familiar with the concept of {open_quotes}mitigating{close_quotes} a project`s adverse environmental impacts. As wind energy projects expand to state with widely varying environmental regulation, the wind industry can look to other experiences in land use regulation, such as wetlands, for approaches to mitigation. Wetlands have been a point of friction between environmentalists, property rights advocates, local and state governments, and a host of federal agencies. A highly developed conceptual framework to mitigating environmental impacts has risen from this regulatory swamp of conflicting interests and overlapping jurisdictions.

Wolff, B. [Conservation and Renewable Energy System, Vancouver, WA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

336

Black holes: interfacing the classical and the quantum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The central idea advocated in this paper is that {forming the black hole horizon is attended with transition from the classical regime of evolution to the quantum one}. We justify the following criterion for discriminating between the classical and the quantum: {spontaneous creations and annihilations of particle-antiparticle pairs are impossible in the classical world but possible in the quantum world}. We show that it is sufficient to {change the overall sign of the spacetime signature in the classical picture of field propagation for it to be treated as its associated quantum picture}. To describe a self-gravitating object at the last stage of its classical evolution, we propose to use the Foldy--Wouthuysen representation of the Dirac equation in curved spacetimes, and the Gozzi classical path integral. In both approaches, maintaining the dynamics in the classical regime is controlled by supersymmetry.

B. P. Kosyakov

2007-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

337

Special lecture in memory of Glenn Theodore Seaborg (19 April 1912 - 25 February 1999) Glenn T. Seaborg's multi-faceted career  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Glenn Theodore Seaborg (1912-1999) was a world-renowned nuclear chemist, a Nobel Laureate in chemistry in 1951, co-discoverer of plutonium and nine other transuranium elements, Chairman of the US Atomic Energy Commission from 1961-71, scientific advisor to ten US presidents, active in national and international professional societies, an advocate for nuclear power as well as for a comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty, a prolific writer, an avid hiker, environmentalist, and sports enthusiast. He was known and esteemed not only by chemists and other scientists throughout the world, but also by lay people, politicians, statesmen, and students of all ages. This memorial includes a brief glimpse of Glenn Seaborg's early life and education, describes some of his major contributions to nuclear science over his long and fruitful career, and highlights his profound influence on nuclear science, both in the US and in the international community.

Hoffman, Darleane C.

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Evidence in Virgo for the Universal Dark Matter Halo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A model is constructed for the mass and dynamics of M87 and the Virgo Cluster. Existing surface photometry of the galaxy, mass estimates from X-ray observations of the hot intracluster gas, and the velocity dispersions of early-type Virgo galaxies, all are used to constrain the run of dark matter density over radii to 2 Mpc in the cluster. The ``universal'' halo advocated by Navarro, Frenk, & White provides an excellent description of the combined data, as does a Hernquist profile. These models are favored over isothermal spheres, and their central structure is preferred to density cusps either much stronger or much weaker than r^{-1}. The galaxies and gas in the cluster trace its total mass distribution, the galaxies' velocity ellipsoid is close to isotropic, and the gas temperature follows the virial temperature profile of the dark halo. The virial radius and mass and the intracluster gas fraction of Virgo are evaluated.

Dean E. McLaughlin

1998-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

339

Emergent cosmological constant from colliding electromagnetic waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this study we advocate the view that the cosmological constant is of electromagnetic (em) origin, which can be generated from the collision of em shock waves coupled with gravitational shock waves. The wave profiles that participate in the collision have different amplitudes. It is shown that, circular polarization with equal amplitude waves does not generate cosmological constant. We also prove that the generation of the cosmological constant is related to the linear polarization. The addition of cross polarization generates no cosmological constant. Depending on the value of the wave amplitudes, the generated cosmological constant can be positive or negative. We show additionally that, the collision of nonlinear em waves in a particular class of Born-Infeld theory also yields a cosmological constant.

M. Halilsoy; S. Habib Mazharimousavi; O. Gurtug

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

340

Jarry, Agent of Three Powers During the French Revolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was at t h i s t ime a P russ ian a l l i a a o o . I t i s around t h i s proposed a l l i a n c e tha t th i n t e r e s t centers , 1, Sent by th C o n s t i t u t i o n a l i s t s . I t s moat ardent advocates were S i r e n (3 ) , a general i n th... Prussian neu t r a l i t y , disconcerted for a time the bolder pl-ans of B i r on and his associates ($) for b r ib ing the Pruss ian court in to an ac t i ve a l l i ance wi th France, But B i r on soon 1,Sorel , I I . , 338. 2. SoreX I I . , 333. 3...

Manning, William Roy

1902-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "advocate wanda reder" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

High redshift AGNs and HI reionisation: limits from the unresolved X-ray background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The rapidly declining population of bright quasars at z~3 appears to make an increasingly small contribution to the ionising background at the HI Lyman limit. It is then generally though that massive stars in (pre-)galactic systems may provide the additional ionising flux needed to complete HI reionisation by z>6. A galaxy dominated background, however, may require that the escape fraction of Lyman continuum radiation from high redshift galaxies is as high as 10%, a value somewhat at odds with (admittedly scarce) observational constraints. High escape fractions from dwarf galaxies have been advocated, or, alternatively, a so-far undetected (or barely detected) population of unobscured, high-redshift faint AGNs. Here we question the latter hypothesis, and show that such sources, to be consistent with the measured level of the unresolved X-ray background at z=0, can provide a fraction of the HII filling factor not larger than 13% by z=6. The fraction rises to 10%.

Haardt, Francesco

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Electron and Positron Capture Rates on $\\bf{^{55}}$Co in Stellar Matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cobalt-55 is not only present in abundance in presupernova phase but is also advocated to play a decisive role in the core collapse of massive stars. The spectroscopy of electron capture and emitted neutrinos yields useful information on the physical conditions and stellar core composition. B(GT) values to low-lying states are calculated microscopically using the pn-QRPA theory. Our rates are enhanced compared to the shell model rates. The enhancement is attributed partly to the liberty of selecting a huge model space, allowing consideration of many more parent excited states in our rate calculation. Unlike previous calculations, the so-called Brink's hypothesis is not assumed leading to a more realistic estimate of the rates. The electron and positron capture rates are calculated over a wide temperature and density grid.

Jameel-Un Nabi; Muneeb-Ur Rahman; Muhammad Sajjad

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

343

Effective field theory: A modern approach to anomalous couplings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We advocate an effective field theory approach to anomalous couplings. The effective field theory approach is the natural way to extend the standard model such that the gauge symmetries are respected. It is general enough to capture any physics beyond the standard model, yet also provides guidance as to the most likely place to see the effects of new physics. The effective field theory approach also clarifies that one need not be concerned with the violation of unitarity in scattering processes at high energy. We apply these ideas to pair production of electroweak vector bosons. -- Highlights: We discuss the advantages of effective field theories compared to anomalous couplings. We show that one need not be concerned with unitarity violation at high energy. We discuss the application of effective field theory to weak boson physics.

Degrande, Cline, E-mail: cdegrand@illinois.edu [Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1110 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States) [Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1110 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States); Centre for Particle Physics and Phenomenology (CP3), Universit Catholique de Louvain, Chemin du Cyclotron 2, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium); Greiner, Nicolas [Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1110 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States) [Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1110 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States); Max-Planck-Institut fr Physik, Fhringer Ring 6, 80805 Mnchen (Germany); Kilian, Wolfgang [Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1110 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States) [Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1110 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States); University of Siegen, Fachbereich Physik, D-57068 Siegen (Germany); Mattelaer, Olivier [Centre for Particle Physics and Phenomenology (CP3), Universit Catholique de Louvain, Chemin du Cyclotron 2, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium)] [Centre for Particle Physics and Phenomenology (CP3), Universit Catholique de Louvain, Chemin du Cyclotron 2, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium); Mebane, Harrison; Stelzer, Tim; Willenbrock, Scott [Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1110 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1110 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States); Zhang, Cen [Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1110 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States) [Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1110 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States); Centre for Particle Physics and Phenomenology (CP3), Universit Catholique de Louvain, Chemin du Cyclotron 2, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

344

Reply to Comments on Neuroelectrodynamics: Where are the Real Conceptual Pitfalls?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The fundamental, powerful process of computation in the brain has been widely misunderstood. The paper [1] associates the general failure to build intelligent thinking machines with current reductionist principles of temporal coding and advocates for a change in paradigm regarding the brain analogy. Since fragments of information are stored in proteins which can shift between several structures to perform their function, the biological substrate is actively involved in physical computation. The intrinsic nonlinear dynamics of action potentials and synaptic activities maintain physical interactions within and between neurons in the brain. During these events the required information is exchanged between molecular structures (proteins) which store fragments of information and the generated electric flux which carries and integrates information in the brain. The entire process of physical interaction explains how the brain actively creates or experiences meaning. This process of interaction during an action pote...

Aur, Dorian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

IMPROVING THE PHYSICS IMPACT OF NEXT-GENERATION 76GE NEUTRINOLESS DOUBLE-BETA DECAY EXPERIMENTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Summary and Conclusions - It was shown that segmentation and pulse-shape discrimination can improve the discovery sensitivity of a next-gen 0vBB-decay experiment by 90%. - However, when practical aspects are considered (such as instrumenting each segment with front-end electronics), the discovery sensitivity is decreased by 19%. - This has extremely important consequences to proposed next-gen experiments since the two active collaborations have strongly advocated the use of segmented detectors for all or part of the experiment. - New germanium detector technology, currently under development, has demonstrated excellent multi-site background rejection capabilities without the complexity of segmentation or complicated PSD algorithms. - The physically-segmented p-type germanium detector technology has proven to be a useful and practical tool in modern nuclear physics. The PSEG technology deserves further development as it has the potential for use in a variety of applications.

Hossbach, Todd W.

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Understand assumptions and know uncertainties: Boscovich and the motion of the Earth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The general prohibition of books advocating heliocentric theory put many progressive Jesuits in a difficult position. One of the most prominent Jesuit scientists of the 18th century, Rogerius Boscovich, was in particularly affected by conflicts between a beautifully simple theory of gravity by Newton, his Jesuit peripatetic education, Church doctrine and the lack of crucial experimental evidence for the motion of the Earth. I present the development of Boscovich's ideas prior to the lifting of the ban, and his retrospective considerations in later writings. These show that Boscovich's acceptance of the motion of the Earth was primarily driven by the existence of a working physical theory that also explained the motion of the Earth, and the lack of a consistent theory that supported any variation of a geocentric system.

Krajnovic, Davor

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

The Role of Basis Set Superposition Error in Water Addition Reactions to Ln(III) Cations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our goal in this work was to characterize the importance of basis set superposition error (BSSE) in the reaction energetics of water addition to highly charged metal ions that exhibit strong ion-dipole interactions with water. The gas phase water addition reactions, M(H?O)+N + H?O ? M(H?O)+N ? ? [M = La(III), Lu(III); N = 08] have been studied, with a particular emphasis on a posteriori methods for calculating BSSE and its constituent energetic components as a function of M(H?O) +N cluster size and water basis set. Because of accumulation of BSSE within the subclusters in the reaction series, the successive reaction counterpoise method for determining the BSSE correction interaction energies is advocated.

Kvamme, Brandon; Wander, Matthew C F.; Clark, Aurora E.

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Nuclear power and its environmental effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors, veterans in the field of nuclear technology, attempt in this book to present the complexities of nuclear energy issues for the general public. Their coverage of the subject is very thorough, starting with the fundamentals of nuclear reactors and of electrical power generation and continuing into such environmental problem areas as the biological effects of radiation, radioactive waste management, diposal of waste heat, and transportation of nuclear materials. Generally, they reflect the optimism of the pro-nuclear establishment, to which their publisher belongs. However, their tone is calm and nonpolemical, and even antinuclear advocates should find the volume to be a handy compilation of many basic facts. Recommended for public and academic libraries.

Glasstone, S.; Jordan, W.H.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

The Use of DOE Technologies at The World Trade Center Incident: Lessons Learned  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In response to the attack of the World Trade Center (WTC) on September 11, 2001, the International Union of Operating Engineers (IUOE) National Hazmat Program (OENHP) assembled and deployed a HAZMAT Emergency Management Team (Team) to the disaster site (Site). The response team consisted of a Certified Industrial Hygienist and a rotating team of industrial hygienists, safety professionals, and certified HAZMAT instructors. Through research funded by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (EM) and managed by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), the IUOE conducted human factors assessments on baseline and innovative technologies during real-world conditions and served as an advocate at the WTC disaster site to identify opportunities for the use and evaluation of DOE technologies. From this work, it is clear that opportunities exist for more DOE technologies to be made readily available for use in future emergencies.

McCabe, B.; Kovach, J.; Carpenter, C.; Blair, D.

2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

350

International District Energy Association  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Since its formation in 1909, the International District Energy Association (IDEA) has served as a principal industry advocate and management resource for owners, operators, developers, and suppliers of district heating and cooling systems in cities, campuses, bases, and healthcare facilities. Today, with over 1,400 members in 26 countries, IDEA continues to organize high-quality technical conferences that inform, connect, and advance the industry toward higher energy efficiency and lower carbon emissions through innovation and investment in scalable sustainable solutions. With the support of DOE, IDEA performs industry research and market analysis to foster high impact projects and help transform the U.S. energy industry. IDEA was an active participant in the original Vision and Roadmap process and has continued to partner with DOE on combined heat and power (CHP) efforts across the country.

351

Correlated, precision measurements of ?23 and ? using only the electron neutrino appearance experiments  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

Precision measurement of the leptonic CP violating phase ? will suffer from the, then surviving, large uncertainty of sin2?23 of 1020% in the experimentally interesting region near maximal mixing of ?23. We advocate a new method for determination of both ?23 and ? at the same time using only the ?e and ??e appearance channels and show that sin2?23 can be determined automatically with much higher accuracy, approximately a factor of six, than sin?. In this method, we identify a new degeneracy for the simultaneous determination of ?23 and ?, the ?23 intrinsic degeneracy, which must be resolved in order to achieve precision measurement of these two parameters. Spectral information around the vacuum oscillation maxima is shown to be the best way to resolve this degeneracy.

Minakata, Hisakazu; Parke, Stephen J.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Electric Field Quench in AdS/CFT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An electric field quench, a suddenly applied electric field, can induce nontrivial dynamics in confining systems which may lead to thermalization as well as a deconfinement transition. In order to analyze this nonequilibrium transitions,we use the AdS/CFT correspondence for $\\mathcal{N}=2$ supersymmetric QCD that has a confining meson sector. We find that the electric field quench causes the deconfinement transition even when the magnitude of the applied electric field is smaller than the critical value for the static case (which is the QCD Schwinger limit for quark-antiquark pair creation). The time dependence is crucial for this phenomenon, and the gravity dual explains it as an oscillation of a D-brane in the bulk AdS spacetime. Interestingly, the deconfinement time takes only discrete values as a function of the magnitude of the electric field. We advocate that the new deconfinement phenomenon is analogous to the exciton Mott transition.

Koji Hashimoto; Shunichiro Kinoshita; Keiju Murata; Takashi Oka

2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

353

Battery energy storage market feasibility study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under the sponsorship of the Department of Energy`s Office of Utility Technologies, the Energy Storage Systems Analysis and Development Department at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) contracted Frost and Sullivan to conduct a market feasibility study of energy storage systems. The study was designed specifically to quantify the energy storage market for utility applications. This study was based on the SNL Opportunities Analysis performed earlier. Many of the groups surveyed, which included electricity providers, battery energy storage vendors, regulators, consultants, and technology advocates, viewed energy storage as an important enabling technology to enable increased use of renewable energy and as a means to solve power quality and asset utilization issues. There are two versions of the document available, an expanded version (approximately 200 pages, SAND97-1275/2) and a short version (approximately 25 pages, SAND97-1275/1).

Kraft, S. [Frost and Sullivan, Mountain View, CA (United States); Akhil, A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Energy Storage Systems Analysis and Development Dept.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Evaluating the use of Social Impact Assessment in the context of agricultural development projects in Iran  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The utilisation of Social Impact Assessment (SIA) in Iran is analysed in terms of its policy context and its application in practice. Five case studies where SIA was employed in conjunction with Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) for agricultural development projects are evaluated. In addition, the performance of the policy context is assessed. This research revealed that there are legal and institutional constraints to the effective functioning of SIA in Iran, and that there are deficiencies in the operating guidelines. There were serious problems associated with the way SIA was undertaken in all five case studies. Recommendations to improve the policy framework for the conduct of SIA are made. The recommendations advocate for a higher profile of SIA within legislation, for social issues to have greater emphasis in official guidelines for the conduct of EIA and SIA, and for a range of measures to increase the professionalism of SIA practice.

Ahmadvand, Mostafa, E-mail: ahmadvand_2000@yahoo.co [Faculty of Agriculture, Yasuj University, Yasuj (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Karami, Ezatollah, E-mail: ekarami@shirazu.ac.i [Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Zamani, Gholam Hossein, E-mail: zamani@shirazu.ac.i [Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Vanclay, Frank, E-mail: Frank.Vanclay@utas.edu.a [Tasmanian Institute of Agricultural Research, University of Tasmania, Hobart (Australia)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

355

Reconstructing the Cosmic Expansion History up to Redshift z=6.29 with the Calibrated Gamma-Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs) were proposed to be a complementary cosmological probe to type Ia supernovae (SNIa). GRBs have been advocated to be standard candles since several empirical GRB luminosity relations were proposed as distance indicators. However, there is a so-called circularity problem in the direct use of GRBs. Recently, a new idea to calibrate GRBs in a completely cosmology independent manner has been proposed, and the circularity problem can be solved. In the present work, following the method proposed by Liang {\\it et al.}, we calibrate 70 GRBs with the Amati relation using 307 SNIa. Then, following the method proposed by Shafieloo {\\it et al.}, we smoothly reconstruct the cosmic expansion history up to redshift $z=6.29$ with the calibrated GRBs. We find some new features in the reconstructed results.

Hao Wei; Shuang Nan Zhang

2009-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

356

Energy Conversion of Fully Random Thermal Relaxation Times  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermodynamic random processes in thermal systems are generally associated with one or several relaxation times, the inverse of which are formally homogeneous with energy. Here, we show in a precise way that the periodic modification of relaxation times during temperature-constant thermodynamic cycles can be thermodynamically beneficiary to the operator. This result holds as long as the operator who adjusts relaxation times does not attempt to control the randomness associated with relaxation times itself as a Maxwell 'demon' would do. Indirectly, our result also shows that thermal randomness appears satisfactorily described within a conventional quantum-statistical framework, and that the attempts advocated notably by Ilya Prigogine to go beyond a Hilbert space description of quantum statistics do not seem justified - at least according to the present state of our knowledge. Fundamental interpretation of randomness, either thermal or quantum mechanical, is briefly discussed.

Franois Barriquand

2005-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

357

US DOE EECBG BBNP REPORT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Wisconsin Energy Efficiency (WE2) Program delivered residential and commercial programming for the City of Milwaukee (Me2) and the City of Madison (Green Madison) as well as commercial only programming for the City of Racine (Re2). Direct incentives and loan products for homeowners and business owners were offered, with the goal to achieve at least 15 percent in energy savings. At the time of this report, there were more than 2,000 residential energy efficiency upgrades completed and more than 300 commercial energy efficiency upgrades completed. The average energy savings for the WE2 Programs portfolio of residential and commercial projects exceeds 15 percent and is closer to 30 percent energy savings. Combined energy savings of both residential and commercial activities were: 20,937,369 kWh; 1,018,907 Therms; and 31,655 gallons of heating oil; or at least 332,788 MMBTUs; or at least $3,444,828 in estimated energy costs saved. Conservative economic impact estimates include the employment of more than 100 residential auditors and contractors, more than 90 commercial contractors, and more than $41 million in total project costs expended in the targeted communities. WECC, along with the Partner Cities, attempted to create energy efficiency programming that helped to increase economic activity, increase workforce opportunities, and save energy in three of the largest communities in Wisconsin. Homeowners were assisted through the residential process by Energy Advocates, consultants, and contractors. Business owners were assisted through the commercial process by Program Advocates, contractors and trade allies. Contractors in both the residential and commercial programs were educated and trained by the many offerings provided by WECC. Together, all parties involved made the WE2 Program successful. The most prominent innovative approaches employed in the Me2 and Green Madison programs for residential retrofits were: use of a loan loss reserve approach to improve access to lower cost financing; a primary focus on community-based marketing and outreach through local organizations to attract program participants; use of Energy Advocates to facilitate homeowner understanding during participation of the retrofit process; increase in financial incentives, especially to achieve higher project savings; and additional building science and sales training for participating contractors, as well as the use of a Community Workforce Agreement (CWA). The most prominent innovative approaches used in the commercial building retrofit programs for the Me2, Green Madison and Re2 programs were: development and use of innovative customer financing through loan-loss reserves for small commercial building retrofits; cash collateral advance account for larger projects which mitigated the financial risk of lenders; and the ultimate development of a Commercial Property Assessed Clean Energy (C-PACE) program in the City of Milwaukee. Other approaches included: increased customer financial incentives, especially for small commercial projects, in excess of the incentives available from the Focus on Energy program. Each Partner Citys commercial program was built on existing Focus on Energy programming, which allowed the WE2 Program to leverage experience from Focus on Energy personnel to help promote participation, and encourage more extensive retrofits. Several legacy items will continue into the future, while there will be ongoing attempts to create a sustainable program. In the future, homeowners in Milwaukee and Madison will continue to have opportunities for incentives through the Focus on Energy program, as well as loan products being offered through Me2 and Green Madison. Similarly, business owners will continue to benefit from incentives through the Focus on Energy program, as well as loan products being offered through Me2 and Green Madison. Finally, the most recent development and implementation of C-PACE for large commercial building owners or business owners in Milwaukee may have substantial economic impacts. C-PACE may have simila

Driscoll, Brian; Conkey, Todd; Edgar, George; Fox, Lisa; Kahl, Shannon; Lightbourn, Steve; Moubry, Cindy; Nettleton, Greg; Plunkett, Mike; Smith, Paul; Thibert-Blank, Jackie; Wollin, Amanda

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

358

NWCC Transmission Case Study III  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

OAK-B135 Transmission System Improvements for Wind Energy Development in the Upper Midwest and Great Plains: Opportunities and Obstacles. This case study set out to ascertain the validity of three assumptions from the perspectives of stakeholders involved in wind energy and transmission issues in the Upper Midwest and Great Plains. The assumptions, and the stakeholders' reactions to each, are summarized below: Assumption 1--Transmission system improvements would provide significant benefits to the electricity network and its customers. Respondents acknowledge the potential for overall system benefits in the form of reduced line losses, improved grid stability and reliability, and enhanced ability to conduct spot market transactions. They also agree that these benefits relate to specific regional needs. However, there is disagreement over the extent of other benefits such as efficiency gains and cost savings from reduced line losses. Further, environmental and community interest groups point out that none of these benefits are realized without significant financial, environmental and social costs. Assumption 2--The benefits of transmission improvements would be helpful, but not confined, to wind power. All respondents agree that wind energy could benefit from transmission system improvements. But they also acknowledge, reluctantly, in the case of environmental stakeholders, that the benefits of an improved transmission system cannot be limited to environmentally preferable forms of generation. Some environmental and community advocate respondents also feel that transmission system improvement projects can be avoided altogether through energy conservation and efficiency measures, and by substituting wind energy for fossil generation. Assumption 3--Transmission alliances among stakeholders within and external to the wind community can provide benefits in the public interest. The fractured, multi-jurisdictional governance of the regional transmission system, and the distrust and diversity of perspectives among affected stakeholders, may make the formation of multi-stakeholder alliances necessary to accomplishing transmission goals. If the wind industry and utilities want to partner with environmental and community advocate groups in supporting a transmission project, they may have to convince these groups that the project would result in a net environmental benefit. The project proponents would have to make the case that the benefits of the additional wind energy will at least offset the emissions of any additional fossil generation made possible by the transmission project, as well as offset the environmental impact of the transmission project itself.

Terry Allison, Steve Wiese

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

A prototype decision aid for evaluating and selecting R&D proposals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes a prototype decision aid which has been developed to assist the Institutional Research and Development (IR&D) Committee in selecting proposals for funding. This tool was requested to help address the following concerns about the IR&D proposal selection process: Some good proposals might be overlooked simply because no one on the Committee advocates them forcefully. The process takes a lot of time. The final portfolio of proposals selected may not maximize the long-run benefits to the Laboratory. These concerns stem from the observation that there is no formal framework for making distinctions between proposals, or weighing and comparing those distinctions. It was felt that the process could be improved by a framework that: Provides explicit descriptors that Committee members can use to evaluate and compare different features of proposals. Encourages the Committee to use a uniform, systematic scheme for evaluating the proposals. Helps the Committee focus more quickly on the issues that are truly relevant for distinguishing between proposals.

Al-Ayat, R.A.; Lamont, A.; Sicherman, A.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

How Many Performance Shaping Factors are Necessary for Human Reliability Analysis?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has been argued that human reliability analysis (HRA) has expended considerable energy on creating detailed representations of human performance through an increasingly long list of performance shaping factors (PSFs). It is not clear, however, to what extent this refinement and expansion of PSFs has enhanced the quality of HRA. Indeed, there is considerable range in the number of PSFs provided by individual HRA methods, ranging from single factor models such as time-reliability curves, up to 50 or more PSFs in some current HRA models. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission advocates 15 PSFs in its HRA Good Practices (NUREG-1792), while its SPAR-H method (NUREG/CR-6883) espouses the use of eight PSFs and its ATHEANA method (NUREG-1624) features an open-ended number of PSFs. The apparent differences in the optimal number of PSFs can be explained in terms of the diverse functions of PSFs in HRA. The purpose of this paper is to explore the role of PSFs across different stages of HRA, including identification of potential human errors, modeling of these errors into an overall probabilistic risk assessment, quantifying errors, and preventing errors.

Ronald L. Boring

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "advocate wanda reder" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Integrable Aspects of Universal Quantum Transport in Chaotic Cavities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Painlev\\'e transcendents discovered at the turn of the XX century by pure mathematical reasoning, have later made their surprising appearance -- much in the way of Wigner's "miracle of appropriateness" -- in various problems of theoretical physics. The notable examples include the two-dimensional Ising model, one-dimensional impenetrable Bose gas, corner and polynuclear growth models, one dimensional directed polymers, string theory, two dimensional quantum gravity, and spectral distributions of random matrices. In the present contribution, ideas of integrability are utilized to advocate emergence of an one-dimensional Toda Lattice and the fifth Painlev\\'e transcendent in the paradigmatic problem of conductance fluctuations in quantum chaotic cavities coupled to the external world via ballistic point contacts. Specifically, the cumulants of the Landauer conductance of a cavity with broken time-reversal symmetry are proven to be furnished by the coefficients of a Taylor-expanded Painlev\\'e V function. Further, the relevance of the fifth Painlev\\'e transcendent for a closely related problem of sample-to-sample fluctuations of the noise power is discussed. Finally, it is demonstrated that inclusion of tunneling effects inherent in realistic point contacts does not destroy the integrability: in this case, conductance fluctuations are shown to be governed by a two-dimensional Toda Lattice.

Eugene Kanzieper

2014-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

362

Unified Theory of Ideals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unified field theories try to merge the internal symmetries of the standard model into a single group. Here we lay out something different. We give evidence that a theory may be unified in alternate ways; that is, instead of aiming to unify the internal symmetries into a single group, the groups may be unified together with the quarks and leptons that they act on. Furthermore, the (3+1) Lorentz transformations may likewise be unified with the scalars, spinors, four-vectors and field strength tensors that they act on. These simplifications occur because the representations can be found in the form of an algebra acting on itself. The approach described in this paper is meant to tie everything into the Dixon algebra: RxCxHxO, the tensor product of the four normed division algebras over R, whose connection to the standard model was earlier advocated for in [1]. As we show, this method very quickly uncovers all of the Lorentz representations of the standard model, and a set of states behaving like one full generation of quarks and leptons.

Cohl Furey

2014-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

363

Elements of an environmental decision support system for seasonal wetland salt management in a river basin subjected to water quality regulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Seasonally managed wetlands in the Grasslands Basin on the west-side of California's San Joaquin Valley provide food and shelter for migratory wildfowl during winter months and sport for waterfowl hunters during the annual duck season. Surface water supply to these wetlands contain salt which, when drained to the San Joaquin River during the annual drawdown period, can negatively impact water quality and cause concern to downstream agricultural riparian water diverters. Recent environmental regulation, limiting discharges salinity to the San Joaquin River and primarily targeting agricultural non-point sources, now also targets return flows from seasonally managed wetlands. Real-time water quality management has been advocated as a means of continuously matching salt loads discharged from agricultural, wetland and municipal operations to the assimilative capacity of the San Joaquin River. Past attempts to build environmental monitoring and decision support systems (EDSS's) to implement this concept have enjoyed limited success for reasons that are discussed in this paper. These reasons are discussed in the context of more general challenges facing the successful implementation of a comprehensive environmental monitoring, modelling and decision support system for the San Joaquin River Basin.

Quinn, N.W.T.

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Blind Source Separation For Ion Mobility Spectra  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Miniaturization is a powerful trend for smart chemical instrumentation in a diversity of applications. It is know that miniaturization in IMS leads to a degradation of the system characteristics. For the present work, we are interested in signal processing solutions to mitigate limitations introduced by limited drift tube length that basically involve a loss of chemical selectivity. While blind source separation techniques (BSS) are popular in other domains, their application for smart chemical instrumentation is limited. However, in some conditions, basically linearity, BSS may fully recover the concentration time evolution and the pure spectra with few underlying hypothesis. This is extremely helpful in conditions where non-expected chemical interferents may appear, or unwanted perturbations may pollute the spectra. SIMPLISMA has been advocated by Harrington et al. in several papers. However, more modern methods of BSS for bilinear decomposition with the restriction of positiveness have appeared in the last decade. In order to explore and compare the performances of those methods a series of experiments were performed.

Marco, S.; Pomareda, V. [Department of Electronics, University of Barcelona, C/Marti i Franques, no 1, planta 2, 08028, Barcelona (Spain); Artificial Olfaction Lab, Institute of BioEngineering of Catalonia and Institut de Bioenginyeria de Catalunya (IBEC), C/Baldiri Reixac 13, 08028 Barcelona (Spain); Pardo, A. [Department of Electronics, University of Barcelona, C/Marti i Franques, no 1, planta 2, 08028, Barcelona (Spain); Kessler, M.; Goebel, J.; Mueller, G. [Department LG-SI 2, EADS Innovation Works, EADS Deutschland GmbH and EADS Innovation Works, Dept. IW-SI-Sensors, Electronics and Systems Integration, 81663 Muenchen (Germany)

2009-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

365

Distributed Wind Policy Comparison Tool Guidebook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Power through Policy: 'Best Practices' for Cost-Effective Distributed Wind is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)-funded project to identify distributed wind technology policy best practices and to help policymakers, utilities, advocates, and consumers examine their effectiveness using a pro forma model. Incorporating a customized feed from the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE), the Web-based Distributed Wind Policy Comparison Tool (Policy Tool) is designed to assist state, local, and utility officials in understanding the financial impacts of different policy options to help reduce the cost of distributed wind technologies. The Policy Tool can be used to evaluate the ways that a variety of federal and state policies and incentives impact the economics of distributed wind (and subsequently its expected market growth). It also allows policymakers to determine the impact of policy options, addressing market challenges identified in the U.S. DOE's '20% Wind Energy by 2030' report and helping to meet COE targets.

Not Available

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Understanding the large-distance behavior of TMD parton densities and the Collins-Soper evolution kernel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There is considerable controversy about the size and importance of non-perturbative contributions to the evolution of transverse momentum dependent (TMD) parton distribution functions. Standard fits to relatively high-energy Drell-Yan data give evolution that when taken to lower Q is too rapid to be consistent with recent data in semi-inclusive deeply inelastic scattering. Some authors provide very different forms for TMD evolution, even arguing that non-perturbative contributions at large transverse distance b_T are not needed or are irrelevant. Here, we systematically analyze the issues, both perturbative and non-perturbative. We make a motivated proposal for the parameterization of the non-perturbative part of the TMD evolution kernel that could give consistency: with the variety of apparently conflicting data, with theoretical perturbative calculations where they are applicable, and with general theoretical non-perturbative constraints on correlation functions at large distances. We propose and use a scheme- and scale-independent function A(b_T) that gives a tool to compare and diagnose different proposals for TMD evolution. We also advocate for phenomenological studies of A(b_T) as a probe of TMD evolution. The results are important generally for applications of TMD factorization. In particular, they are important to making predictions for proposed polarized Drell-Yan experiments to measure the Sivers function.

John Collins; Ted Rogers

2015-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

367

Are the red halos of galaxies made of low-mass stars? Constraints from subdwarf star counts in the Milky Way halo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surface photometry detections of red and exceedingly faint halos around galaxies have resurrected the old question of whether some non-negligible fraction of the missing baryons of the Universe could be hiding in the form of faint, hydrogen-burning stars. The optical/near-infrared colours of these red halos have proved very difficult to reconcile with any normal type of stellar population, but can in principle be explained by advocating a bottom-heavy stellar initial mass function. This implies a high stellar mass-to-light ratio and hence a substantial baryonic mass locked up in such halos. Here, we explore the constraints imposed by current observations of ordinary stellar halo subdwarfs on a putative red halo of low-mass stars around the Milky Way. Assuming structural parameters similar to those of the red halo recently detected in stacked images of external disk galaxies, we find that a smooth halo component with a bottom-heavy initial mass function is completely ruled out by current star count data for the Milky Way. All viable smooth red halo models with a density slope even remotely similar to that of the stacked halo moreover contain far too little mass to have any bearing on the missing-baryon problem. However, we note that these constraints can be sidestepped if the red halo stars are locked up in star clusters, and discuss potential observations of other nearby galaxies that may be able to put such scenarios to the test.

E. Zackrisson; C. Flynn

2008-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

368

Status of the U.S. Department of Energy/National Renewable Energy Laboratory Avian Research Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As wind energy development expands, concern over possible negative impacts of wind farms on birds remains an issue to be addressed. The concerns are twofold: (1) possible litigation over the killing of even one bird if it is protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act and/or the Endangered Species Act, and (2) the effect of avian mortality on bird populations. To properly address these concerns, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), working collaboratively with stakeholders including utilities, environmental groups, consumer advocates, regulators, government officials, and the wind industry, supports an avian-wind interaction research program. The objectives of the program are to conduct and sponsor scientifically based research that will ultimately lead to the reduction of avian fatality due to wind energy development throughout the United States. The approach for this program involves cooperating with the various stakeholders to study the impacts of current wind plants on avian populations, developing approaches to siting wind plants that avoid avian problems in the future, and investigating methods for reducing or eliminating impacts on birds due to the development of wind energy. This paper summarizes the research projects currently supported by NREL.

Sinclair, K. C.

1999-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

369

Beam hardening effects in grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: In this work, the authors investigate how beam hardening affects the image formation in x-ray phase-contrast imaging and consecutively develop a correction algorithm based on the results of the analysis. Methods: The authors' approach utilizes a recently developed x-ray imaging technique using a grating interferometer capable of visualizing the differential phase shift of a wave front traversing an object. An analytical description of beam hardening is given, highlighting differences between attenuation and phase-contrast imaging. The authors present exemplary beam hardening artifacts for a number of well-defined samples in measurements at a compact laboratory setup using a polychromatic source. Results: Despite the differences in image formation, the authors show that beam hardening leads to a similar reduction of image quality in phase-contrast imaging as in conventional attenuation-contrast imaging. Additionally, the authors demonstrate that for homogeneous objects, beam hardening artifacts can be corrected by a linearization technique, applicable to all kinds of phase-contrast methods using polychromatic sources. Conclusions: The evaluated correction algorithm is shown to yield good results for a number of simple test objects and can thus be advocated in medical imaging and nondestructive testing.

Chabior, Michael; Donath, Tilman; David, Christian; Bunk, Oliver; Schuster, Manfred; Schroer, Christian; Pfeiffer, Franz [Siemens AG Corporate Technology, 80200 Muenchen (Germany); Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland); Siemens AG Corporate Technology, 80200 Muenchen (Germany); Technische Universitaet Dresden, 01062 Dresden (Germany); Technische Universitaet Muenchen, 85748 Garching (Germany)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

370

Oklahoma Cherokee formation study shows benefits of gas tax credits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To no one's surprise, the administration's recently released energy initiative package does not advocate the use of tax incentives such as the Internal Revenue Code Sec. 29 (tight sand gas) credit that expired Dec. 31, 1992. This is unfortunate since tax credits do stimulate drilling, as the authors' recent study of Oklahoma's Pennsylvanian age Cherokee formation demonstrates. Within this 783,000 acre study area, more than 130 additional wells were drilled between 1991--92 because of tax credit incentives. And such tax credits also increase total federal tax revenues by causing wells to be drilled that would not have been drilled or accelerating the drilling of wells, thereby increasing taxable revenue. In short, tax credits create a win-win situation: they stimulate commerce, increase tax revenues, reduce the outflow of capital to foreign petroleum projects, and add to the nation's natural gas reserve, which is beneficial for national security, balance of payments, the environment, and gas market development. The paper discusses the study assumptions, study results, and the tax credit policy.

Stanley, B.J.; Cline, S.B. (Hefner Corp., Oklahoma City, OK (United States))

1994-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

371

A High Temperature Liquid Plasma Model of the Sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, a liquid model of the Sun is presented wherein the entire solar mass is viewed as a high density/high energy plasma. This model challenges our current understanding of the densities associated with the internal layers of the Sun, advocating a relatively constant density, almost independent of radial position. The incompressible nature of liquids is advanced to prevent solar collapse from gravitational forces. The liquid plasma model of the Sun is a non-equilibrium approach, where nuclear reactions are free to occur throughout the solar mass. The primary means of addressing internal heat transfer are convection and conduction. As a result of the convective processes on the solar surface, the liquid model brings into question the established temperature of the solar photosphere by highlighting a violation of Kirchhoff's law of thermal emission. Along these lines, the model emphasizes that radiative emission is a surface phenomenon. Strong evidence is provided that the Sun is a high density/high energy liquid plasma. This evidence is based on our knowledge of Planckian thermal emission and condensed matter, including the existence of pressure ionization and liquid metallic hydrogen at high temperatures and pressures. The equations of magnetohydrodynamics are invoked as the proper vehicle for the understanding od stellar convection and structure. Prior to introducing the liquid plasma model, the historic and scientific justifications for the gaseous model of the Sun are reviewed and the gaseous equations of state are also discussed.

Pierre-Marie Robitaille

2004-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

372

Submarine fan lobe models: Implications for reservoir properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A multitude of submarine fan lobe models, advocating widely different reservoir properties, has been introduced into the sedimentologic literature. Four of these models are compared to show their differences in reservoir properties. Braided suprafan lobes are characterized by stacked sand bodies with good lateral and vertical communication, and they constitute excellent reservoir facies. The unchanneled depositional lobes, composed of sheetlike sand bodies with good lateral and moderate vertical communication, exhibit properties of good reservoir facies. Fanlobes, which refer to meandering channels and associated levee facies of large mud-rich submarine fans such as the Mississippi Fan in the Gulf of Mexico, are characterized by offset stacked sand bodies with poor lateral and vertical communication. These lenticular sands have the potential to be moderately good reservoir facies. Ponded lobes, which represent mud-rich slump facies of slope environments, comprise poor reservoir facies because of poor sand content and poor sand-body connectivity caused by chaotic bedding. Furthermore, the presence of slumped mud layers in ponded lobes is expected to hinder fluid flow. Because different lobe models vary significantly from one another in terms of reservoir properties, caution must be exercised to apply the proper lobe model to ancient fan sequences in hydrocarbon exploration and production.

Shanmugam, G.; Moiola, R.J. (Mobil Research and Development Corp., Dallas, TX (USA))

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Submarine fan lobes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Submarine fan lobes constitute major hydrocarbon reservoirs throughout the world. Therefore, a clear understanding of their geometry and facies relationships is critical for exploring and exploiting these sandstone bodies effectively. However, a multitude of submarine fan lobe terminologies (e.g., depositional lobe, suprafan lobe, fan lobe, erosional lobe, channelized lobe, ponded lobe, leveed-valley lobe, type I lobe, and type II lobe) advocating widely different meanings, has flourished in the sedimentologic literature. A critical evaluation of this problem has resulted in the following suggestions: (1) lobes are considered to be turbidite sand bodies that develop at the mouths of channels in deep-sea fan environments; (2) the term depositional lobe should be restricted to lower-fan deposits of fans that exhibit facies C and thickening-upward cycles; (3) the term suprafan lobe refers to middle-fan deposits of certain small, sand-rich, modern fans that exhibit a convex-upward depositional bulge in seismic reflection profiles; (4) the terms fan lobe, erosional lobe, channelized lobe, ponded lobe, and leveed-valley lobe do not represent true channel-mouth deposits and therefore are potentially confusing; (5) lower-fan sheet sands of large modern fans may not be equivalent to depositional lobes of ancient fans; and (6) popular fan models with lobes are not always applicable because they disregard large modern fans without lobes (e.g., Mississippi fan).

Shanmugam, G.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Synchronization in Complex Oscillator Networks and Smart Grids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The emergence of synchronization in a network of coupled oscillators is a fascinating topic in various scientific disciplines. A coupled oscillator network is characterized by a population of heterogeneous oscillators and a graph describing the interaction among them. It is known that a strongly coupled and sufficiently homogeneous network synchronizes, but the exact threshold from incoherence to synchrony is unknown. Here we present a novel, concise, and closed-form condition for synchronization of the fully nonlinear, non-equilibrium, and dynamic network. Our synchronization condition can be stated elegantly in terms of the network topology and parameters, or equivalently in terms of an intuitive, linear, and static auxiliary system. Our results significantly improve upon the existing conditions advocated thus far, they are provably exact for various interesting network topologies and parameters, they are statistically correct for almost all networks, and they can be applied equally to synchronization phenomena arising in physics and biology as well as in engineered oscillator networks such as electric power networks. We illustrate the validity, the accuracy, and the practical applicability of our results in complex networks scenarios and in smart grid applications.

Dorfler, Florian [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chertkov, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bullo, Francesco [Center for Control, Dynamical Systems and Computation, University of California at Santa Babara, Santa Barbara CA

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

375

Methods of dealing with co-products of biofuels in life-cycle analysis and consequent results within the U.S. context.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Products other than biofuels are produced in biofuel plants. For example, corn ethanol plants produce distillers grains and solubles. Soybean crushing plants produce soy meal and soy oil, which is used for biodiesel production. Electricity is generated in sugarcane ethanol plants both for internal consumption and export to the electric grid. Future cellulosic ethanol plants could be designed to co-produce electricity with ethanol. It is important to take co-products into account in the life-cycle analysis of biofuels and several methods are available to do so. Although the International Standard Organization's ISO 14040 advocates the system boundary expansion method (also known as the 'displacement method' or the 'substitution method') for life-cycle analyses, application of the method has been limited because of the difficulty in identifying and quantifying potential products to be displaced by biofuel co-products. As a result, some LCA studies and policy-making processes have considered alternative methods. In this paper, we examine the available methods to deal with biofuel co-products, explore the strengths and weaknesses of each method, and present biofuel LCA results with different co-product methods within the U.S. context.

Wang, M.; Huo, H.; Arora, S. (Energy Systems)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Lumen Maintenance and Light Loss Factors: Consequences of Current Design Practices for LED's  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synopsis: Light loss factors are used to help lighting systems meet quantitative design criteria throughout the life of the installation, but they also influence energy use. As the light sources currently being specified continue to evolve, it is necessary to reevaluate the methods used in calculating light loss factors, as well as carefully consider the consequences of different product performance attributes. Because of the unique operating characteristics of LEDs and lack of a comprehensive lifetime ratingas well as the problematic relationship between lifetime and lumen maintenancedetermining an appropriate lamp lumen depreciation (LLD) factor for LED products is difficult. As a result, a unique solution has been advocated: when quantity of light is an important design consideration, the IES recommends using an LLD of not greater than 0.70. This method deviates from the typical practice for conventional sources of using the ratio of mean to initial lumen output, and can misrepresent actual performance, increase energy use, and inhibit comparisons between products. This paper discusses the complications related to LLD and LEDs, compares the performance of conventional and LED products, and examines alternatives to a maximum LLD of 0.70 for LEDs.

Royer, Michael P.

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

377

White paper report on using nuclear reactors to search for a value of theta13  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There has been superb progress in understanding the neutrino sector of elementary particle physics in the past few years. It is now widely recognized that the possibility exists for a rich program of measuring CP violation and matter effects in future accelerator {nu} experiments, which has led to intense efforts to consider new programs at neutrino superbeams, off-axis detectors, neutrino factories and beta beams. However, the possibility of measuring CP violation can be fulfilled only if the value of the neutrino mixing parameter {theta}{sub 13} is such that sin{sup 2} (2{theta}{sub 13}) greater than or equal to on the order of 0.01. The authors of this white paper are an International Working Group of physicists who believe that a timely new experiment at a nuclear reactor sensitive to the neutrino mixing parameter {theta}{sub 13} in this range has a great opportunity for an exciting discovery, a non-zero value to {theta}{sub 13}. This would be a compelling next step of this program. We are studying possible new reactor experiments at a variety of sites around the world, and we have collaborated to prepare this document to advocate this idea and describe some of the issues that are involved.

Anderson, K.; Anjos, J.C.; Ayres, D.; Beacom, J.; Bediaga, I.; de Bellefon, A.; Berger, B.E.; Bilenky, S.; Blucher, E.; Bolton, T.; Buck, C.; Bugg, W.; Busenitz, J.; Choubey, S.; Conrad, J.; Cribier, M.; Dadoun, O.; Dalnoki-Veress, F.; Decowski, M.; de Gouvea, Andre; Demutrh, D.; Dessages-Ardellier, F.; Efremenko, Y.; von Feilitzsch, F.; Finley, D.; Formaggio, J.A.; Freedman, S.J.; Fujikawa, B.K.; Garbini, M.; Giusti, P.; Goger-Neff, M.; Goodman, M.; Gray, F.; Grieb, C.; Grudzinski, J.J.; Guarino, V.J.; Hartmann, F.; Hagner, C.; Heeger, K.M.; Hofmann, W.; Horton-Smith, G.; Huber, P.; Inzhechik, L.; Jochum, J.; Jostlein, H.; Kadel, R.; Kamyshkov, Y.; Kaplan, D.; Kasper, P.; de Kerret, H.; Kersten, J.; Klein, J.; Knopfle, K.T.; Kopeikin, V.; Kozlov, Yu.; Kryn, D.; Kuchler, V.; Kuze, M.; Lachenmaier, T.; Lasserre, T.; Laughton, C.; Lendvai, C.; Li, J.; Lindner, M.; Link, J.; Longo, M.; Lu, Y.S.; Luk, K.B.; Ma, Y.Q.; Martemyanov, V.P.; Mauger, C.; Manghetti, H.; McKeown, R.; Mention, G.; Meyer, J.P.; Mikaelyan, L.; Minakata, H.; Naples, D.; Nunokawa, H.; Oberauer, L.; Obolensky, M.; Parke, S.; Petcov, S.T.; Peres, O.L.G.; Potzel, W.; Pilcher, J.; Plunkett, R.; Raffelt, G.; Rapidis, P.; Reyna, D.; Roe, B.; Rolinec, M.; Sakamoto, Y.; Sartorelli, G.; Schonert, S.; Schwertz, T.; Selvi, M.; Shaevitz, M.; Shellard, R.; Shrock, R.; Sidwell, R.; Sims, J.; Sinev, V.; Stanton, N.; Stancu, I.; Stefanski, R.; Seukane, F.; Sugiyama, H.; Sukhotin, S.; Sumiyoshi, T.; Svoboda, R.; Talaga, R.; Tamura, N.; Tanimoto, M.; Thron, J.; von Toerne, E.; Vignaud, D.; Wagner, C.; Wang, Y.F.; Wang, Z.; Winter, W.; Wong, H.; Yakushev, E.; Yang, C.G.; Yasuda, O.

2004-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

378

Determining the Capacity Value of Wind: A Survey of Methods and Implementation; Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper focuses on methodologies for determining the capacity value of generating resources, including wind energy and summarizes several important state and regional studies. Regional transmission organizations, state utility regulatory commissions, the North American Electric Reliability Council, regional reliability councils, and increasingly, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission all advocate, call for, or in some instances, require that electric utilities and competitive power suppliers not only have enough generating capacity to meet customer demand but also have generating capacity in reserve in case customer demand is higher than expected, or if a generator or transmission line goes out of service. Although the basic concept is the same across the country, how it is implemented is strikingly different from region to region. Related to this question is whether wind energy qualifies as a capacity resource. Wind's variability makes this a matter of great debate in some regions. However, many regions accept that wind energy has some capacity value, albeit at a lower value than other energy technologies. Recently, studies have been published in California, Minnesota and New York that document that wind energy has some capacity value. These studies join other initiatives in PJM, Colorado, and in other states and regions.

Milligan, M.; Porter, K.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Classical and Quantum Polyhedra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum polyhedra constructed from angular momentum operators are the building blocks of space in its quantum description as advocated by Loop Quantum Gravity. Here we extend previous results on the semiclassical properties of quantum polyhedra. Regarding tetrahedra, we compare the results from a canonical quantization of the classical system with a recent wave function based approach to the large-volume sector of the quantum system. Both methods agree in the leading order of the resulting effective operator (given by an harmonic oscillator), while minor differences occur in higher corrections. Perturbative inclusion of such corrections improves the approximation to the eigenstates. Moreover, the comparison of both methods leads also to a full wave function description of the eigenstates of the (square of the) volume operator at negative eigenvalues of large modulus. For the case of general quantum polyhedra described by discrete angular momentum quantum numbers we formulate a set of quantum operators fulfilling in the semiclassical regime the standard commutation relations between momentum and position. Differently from previous formulations, the position variable here is chosen to have dimension of (Planck) length squared which facilitates the identification of quantum corrections. Finally, we provide expressions for the pentahedral volume in terms of Kapovich-Millson variables.

John Schliemann

2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

380

Intergalactic globular clusters and the faint end of the galaxy number counts in A1656 (Coma)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The existence of an intergalactic globular cluster population in the Coma cluster of galaxies has been tested using surface-brightness fluctuations. The main result is that the intergalactic globular cluster surface density ($N_{\\rm IGC}$) does not correlate with the distance to the center of Coma and hence with the environment. Furthermore, comparing these results with different Coma mass-distribution model predictions, it is suggested that $N_{\\rm IGC}$ must in fact be zero all over Coma. On the other hand, the results for $N_{\\rm IGC}$ and the faint end of the galaxy number counts (beyond $m_R=23.5$) are connected. So $N_{\\rm IGC}=0$ settles the slope of this function, which turns out to be $\\gamma=0.36\\pm0.01$ down to $m_R=26.5$. The fact that $N_{\\rm IGC}=0$ all over Coma suggests that globular clusters were formed only, or almost only, from protogalactic clouds. None, or perhaps very few, could have formed in isolated regions. It also seems inappropriate to advocate a relationship between intergalactic globular clusters and dark matter distributions, although it is true that the relationship could still exist but not be strong enough to have been detected. Finally, since our conclusion is that intergalactic globular clusters do not exist in Coma, accretion of intergalactic globular clusters might not be significant in galaxy formation and evolutionary processes in the Coma galaxies.

A. Marin-Franch; A. Aparicio

2002-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "advocate wanda reder" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

AntBot: Anti-pollution peer-to-peer botnets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Botnets, which are responsible for many email sparnming and DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) attacks in the current Internet, have emerged as one of most severe cyber-threats in recent years. To evade detection and improve resistance against countermeasures, botnets have evolved from the first generation that relies on IRC chat channels to deliver commands to the current generation that uses highly resilient P2P (Peer-to-Peer) protocols to spread their C&C (Command and Control) information. It is, however, revealed that P2P botnets, although relieved from the single point of failure that IRC botnets suffer, can be easily disrupted using pollution-based mitigation schemes [15]. In this paper, we play the devil's advocate and propose a new type of hypothetical botnets called AntBot, which aim to propagate their C&C information to individual bots even though there exists an adversary that persistently pollutes keys used by seized bots to search the command information. The key idea of AntBot is a tree-like structure that bots use to deliver the command so that captured bots reveal only limited information. To evaluate effectiveness of AntBot against pollution-based mitigation in a virtual environment, we develop a distributed P2P botnet simulator. Using extensive experiments, we demonstrate that AntBot operates resiliently against pollution-based mitigation. We further present a few potential defense schemes that could effectively disrupt AntBot operations.

Yan, Guanhua [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Eidenbenz, Stephan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ha, Duc T [UNIV. AT BUFFALO

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Observable consequences of cold clouds as dark matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cold, dense clouds of gas have been proposed as baryonic candidates for the dark matter in Galactic haloes, and have also been invoked in the Galactic disc as an explanation for the excess faint sub-mm sources detected by SCUBA. Even if their dust-to-gas ratio is only a small percentage of that in conventional gas clouds, these dense systems would be opaque to visible radiation. This presents the possibility of detecting them by looking for occultations of background stars. We examine the possibility that the data sets of microlensing experiments searching for massive compact halo objects can also be used to search for occultation signatures by cold clouds. We compute the rate and timescale distribution of stellar transits by clouds in the Galactic disc and halo. We find that, for cloud parameters typically advocated by theoretical models, thousands of transit events should already exist within microlensing survey data sets. We examine the seasonal modulation in the rate caused by the Earth's orbital motion and find it provides an excellent probe of whether detected clouds are of disc or halo origin.

E. Kerins; J. Binney; J. Silk

2002-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

383

Environmental benefits of different types of heat pumps, available and expected  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A brief overview of integrated resource planning (IRP) is provided, with emphasis on how stakeholders interact within the process and where the opportunities may lie for heat pump advocates in cold climates. Five heat pump options that represent various approaches for improving heat pump cold weather performance are included here in a comparative analysis: 2-speed electric air source heat pumps, variable-speed electric air source heat pumps, electric ground-source heat pumps, natural gas engine-driven heat pumps, and natural gas absorption heat pumps. The comparative analysis addresses seasonal performance, seasonal peak demand, air pollutant emissions, customer energy costs, and recognition of environmental externalities in IRP, all in the context of a residential application in the Great Lakes region of the US. Several actions that may be in the interest of heat pump stakeholders in cold climates were identified, including: development of improved software for utility planners, advocacy of a practical form of the Societal Test for use in IRP that credits heat pumps for the residential air pollutant emissions that they avoid, and development of practical methods to credit heat pumps with other environmental benefits for which they may be responsible.

Hughes, P.J.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

New solar opacities, abundances, helioseismology, and neutrino fluxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct solar models with the newly calculated radiative opacities from the Opacity Project (OP) and recently determined (lower) heavy element abundances. We compare results from the new models with predictions of a series of models that use OPAL radiative opacities, older determinations of the surface heavy element abundances, and refinements of nuclear reaction rates. For all the variations we consider, solar models that are constructed with the newer and lower heavy element abundances advocated by Asplund et al. (2005) disagree by much more than the estimated measuring errors with helioseismological determinations of the depth of the solar convective zone, the surface helium composition, the internal sound speeds, and the density profile. Using the new OP radiative opacities, the ratio of the 8B neutrino flux calculated with the older and larger heavy element abundances (or with the newer and lower heavy element abundances) to the total neutrino flux measured by the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory is 1.09 (0.87) with a 9% experimental uncertainty and a 16% theoretical uncertainty, 1 sigma errors.

John N. Bahcall; Aldo M. Serenelli; Sarbani Basu

2005-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

385

Elastic ice shells of synchronous moons: Implications for cracks on Europa and non-synchronous rotation of Titan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A number of synchronous moons are thought to harbor water oceans beneath their outer ice shells. A subsurface ocean frictionally decouples the shell from the interior. This decoupling has led to proposals that a weak tidal or atmospheric torque might cause the shell to rotate differentially with respect to the synchronously rotating interior. Applications along these lines have been made to Europa and Titan. As a result of centrifugal and tidal forces, the oceans of Europa and Titan have ellipsoidal figures whose long axes point toward the parent planet. Any rotation of the shell away from its equilibrium position induces strains thereby increasing its elastic energy. Thus the shell is coupled to the ocean by an elastic torque. Regarding Europa, it is shown that the tidal torque is far too weak to produce stresses that could fracture the ice shell, thus refuting an idea that has been widely advocated. An alternative formation mechanism for large cracks is proposed. Two years of Cassini RADAR observations of T...

Goldreich, Peter M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Solar Coronal Structures and Stray Light in TRACE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the 2004 Venus transit of the Sun to constrain a semi-empirical point-spread function for the TRACE EUV solar telescope, we have measured the effect of stray light in that telescope. We find that 43% of 171A EUV light that enters TRACE is scattered, either through diffraction off the entrance filter grid or through other nonspecular effects. We carry this result forward, via known-PSF deconvolution of TRACE images, to identify its effect on analysis of TRACE data. Known-PSF deconvolution by this derived PSF greatly reduces the effect of visible haze in the TRACE 171A images, enhances bright features, and reveals that the smooth background component of the corona is considerably less bright (and hence much more rarefied) than commonly supposed. Deconvolution reveals that some prior conlclusions about the Sun appear to have been based on stray light in the images. In particular, the diffuse background "quiet corona" becomes consistent with hydrostatic support of the coronal plasma; feature contrast is greatly increased, possibly affecting derived parameters such as the form of the coronal heating function; and essentially all existing differential emission measure studies of small features appear to be affected by contamination from nearby features. We speculate on further implications of stray light for interpretation of EUV images from TRACE and similar instruments, and advocate deconvolution as a standard tool for image analysis with future instruments such as SDO/AIA.

C. E. DeForest; P. C. H. Martens; M. J. Wills-Davey

2008-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

387

HOGEN{trademark} proton exchange membrane hydrogen generators: Commercialization of PEM electrolyzers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

PROTON Energy Systems` new HOGEN series hydrogen generators are Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) based water electrolyzers designed to generate 300 to 1000 Standard Cubic Feet Per Hour (SCFH) of high purity hydrogen at pressures up to 400 psi without the use of mechanical compressors. This paper will describe technology evolution leading to the HOGEN, identify system design performance parameters and describe the physical packaging and interfaces of HOGEN systems. PEM electrolyzers have served US and UK Navy and NASA needs for many years in a variety of diverse programs including oxygen generators for life support applications. In the late 1970`s these systems were advocated for bulk hydrogen generation through a series of DOE sponsored program activities. During the military buildup of the 1980`s commercial deployment of PEM hydrogen generators was de-emphasized as priority was given to new Navy and NASA PEM electrolysis systems. PROTON Energy Systems was founded in 1996 with the primary corporate mission of commercializing PEM hydrogen generators. These systems are specifically designed and priced to meet the needs of commercial markets and produced through manufacturing processes tailored to these applications. The HOGEN series generators are the first step along the path to full commercial deployment of PEM electrolyzer products for both industrial and consumer uses. The 300/1000 series are sized to meet the needs of the industrial gases market today and provide a design base that can transition to serve the needs of a decentralized hydrogen infrastructure tomorrow.

Smith, W.F.; Molter, T.M. [Proton Energy Systems, Inc., Rocky Hill, CT (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

388

A municipal guide to least cost utility planning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The recent track record of ``traditional`` electricity planning, which entails selection of supply side resources to meet forecasted demand, has not been good. There are numerous examples of utilities incorrectly forecasting demand and over-building generating capacity while others underestimated growth and have had to cut demand and find alternate power sources to avoid outages. A potential solution to this problem is the continuing development of Least Cost Utility Plannning (LCUP). Regulatory commissions, consumer advocates and utilities are increasingly relying an LCUP as the most responsible way to avoid construction of new capacity and alleviate anticipated shortages caused by cancellation of construction projects, load growth, or natural replacement of aging capacity. The purpose of this report is to provide municipalities a starting point for evaluating their servicing utilities or states` least cost plan. This was accomplished by: Identifying key issues in LCUP; reviewing examples of the collaborative and classic approaches to LCUP in Illinois, California, New York State and Michigan; cataloging municipal authorities and strategies which can influence or support LCUP activities. Results of the project indicate that through a basic understanding of LCUP processes and issues, municipalities will be in a better position to influence plans or, if necessary, intervene in regulatory proceedings where plans are adopted. Constraints to municipal involvement in LCUP include statutory limitations, resource constraints, and a lack of knowledge of indirect authorities that support the LCUP process.

Not Available

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

The solar oxygen crisis: Probably not the last word  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we present support for recent claims that advocate a downward revision of the solar oxygen abundance. Our analysis employs spatially-resolved spectro-polarimetric observations including the \\FeI lines at 6302 \\AA and the \\OI infrared triplet around 7774 \\AA in the quiet Sun. We used the \\FeI lines to reconstruct the three-dimensional thermal and magnetic structure of the atmosphere. The simultaneous \\OI observations were then employed to determine the abundance of oxygen at each pixel, using both LTE and non-LTE (NLTE) approaches to the radiative transfer. In this manner, we obtain values of \\lgEO=8.63 (NLTE) and 8.93 (LTE) dex. We find an unsettling fluctuation of the oxygen abundance over the field of view. This is likely an artifact indicating that, even with this relatively refined strategy, important physical ingredients are still missing in the picture. By examining the spatial distribution of the abundance, we estimate realistic confidence limits of approximately 0.1 dex.

H. Socas-Navarro A. A. Norton

2007-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

390

The scattering matrix approach for the quantum black hole, an overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

If one assumes the validity of conventional quantum field theory in the vicinity of the horizon of a black hole, one does not find a quantum mechanical description of the entire black hole that even remotely resembles that of conventional forms of matter; in contrast with matter made out of ordinary particles one finds that, even if embedded in a finite volume, a black hole would be predicted to have a strictly continuous spectrum. Dissatisfied with such a result, which indeed hinges on assumptions concerning the horizon that may well be wrong, various investigators have now tried to formulate alternative approaches to the problem of ``quantizing" the black hole. We here review the approach based on the assumption of quantum mechanical purity and unitarity as a starting point, as has been advocated by the present author for some time, concentrating on the physics of the states that should live on a black hole horizon. The approach is shown to be powerful in not only producing promising models for the quantum black hole, but also new insights concerning the dynamics of physical degrees of freedom in ordinary flat space-time.

G. 't Hooft

1996-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

391

NREL Response to the Report 'Study of the Effects on Employment of Public Aid to Renewable Energy Sources' from King Juan Carlos University (Spain) (White Paper)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Job generation has been a part of the national dialogue surrounding energy policy and renewable energy (RE) for many years. RE advocates tout the ability of renewable energy to support new job opportunities in rural America and the manufacturing sector. Others argue that spending on renewable energy is an inefficient allocation of resources and can result in job losses in the broader economy. The report, Study of the Effects on Employment of Public Aid to Renewable Energy Sources, from King Juan Carlos University in Spain, is one recent addition to this debate. This report asserts that, on average, every renewable energy job in Spain 'destroyed' 2.2 jobs in the broader Spanish economy. The authors also apply this ratio to the U.S. context to estimate expected job loss from renewable energy development and policy in the United States. This memo discusses fundamental and technical limitations of the analysis by King Juan Carlos University and notes critical assumptions implicit in the ultimate conclusions of their work. The memo also includes a review of traditional employment impact analyses that rely on accepted, peer-reviewed methodologies, and it highlights specific variables that can significantly influence the results of traditional employment impact analysis.

Lantz, E.; Tegen, S.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Synchronization in Complex Oscillator Networks and Smart Grids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The emergence of synchronization in a network of coupled oscillators is a fascinating topic in various scientific disciplines. A coupled oscillator network is characterized by a population of heterogeneous oscillators and a graph describing the interaction among them. It is known that a strongly coupled and sufficiently homogeneous network synchronizes, but the exact threshold from incoherence to synchrony is unknown. Here we present a novel, concise, and closed-form condition for synchronization of the fully nonlinear, non-equilibrium, and dynamic network. Our synchronization condition can be stated elegantly in terms of the network topology and parameters, or equivalently in terms of an intuitive, linear, and static auxiliary system. Our results significantly improve upon the existing conditions advocated thus far, they are provably exact for various interesting network topologies and parameters, they are statistically correct for almost all networks, and they can be applied equally to synchronization phenomena arising in physics and biology as well as in engineered oscillator networks such as electric power networks. We illustrate the validity, the accuracy, and the practical applicability of our results in complex networks scenarios and in smart grid applications.

Florian Drfler; Michael Chertkov; Francesco Bullo

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

393

A Cognitive Approach to Student-Centered e-Learning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Like traditional classroom instruction, distance/electronic learning (e-Learning) derives from largely behaviorist computer-based instruction paradigms that tend to reflect passive training philosophies. Over the past thirty years, more flexible, student-centered classroom teaching methods have been advocated based on the concepts of ''discovery'' learning and ''active'' learning; student-centered approaches are likewise encouraged in the development of e-Learning applications. Nevertheless, many e-Learning applications that employ state-of-the art multimedia technology in which students interact with simulations, animations, video, and sounds still fail to meet their expected training potential. Implementation of multimedia-based training features may give the impression of engaging the student in more active forms of learning, but sophisticated use of multimedia features does not necessarily produce the desired effect. This paper briefly reviews some general guidelines for applying cognitive science principles to development of student-centered e-Learning applications and describes a cognitive approach to e-Learning development that is being undertaken for the US Army.

Greitzer, Frank L.

2002-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

394

Postdoctoral program guidelines.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We, the Postdoc Professional Development Program (PD2P) leadership team, wrote these postdoc guidelines to be a starting point for communication between new postdocs, their staff mentors, and their managers. These guidelines detail expectations and responsibilities of the three parties, as well as list relevant contacts. The purpose of the Postdoc Program is to bring in talented, creative people who enrich Sandia's environment by performing innovative R&D, as well as by stimulating intellectual curiosity and learning. Postdocs are temporary employees who come to Sandia for career development and advancement reasons. In general, the postdoc term is 1 year, renewable up to five times for a total of six years. However, center practices may vary; check with your manager. At term, a postdoc may apply for a staff position at Sandia or choose to move to university, industry or another lab. It is our vision that those who leave become long-term collaborators and advocates whose relationships with Sandia have a positive effect upon our national constituency.

Teich-McGoldrick, Stephanie; Miller, Andrew W.; Sava, Dorina Florentina; Liu, Yanli; Ferreira, Summer Rhodes; Biedermann, Laura Butler; Cruz-Campa, Jose Luis; Hall, Lisa Michelle; Liu, Xiaohua H.; Ekoto, Isaac

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Holography of Little Inflation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For several crucial microseconds of its early history, the Universe consisted of a Quark-Gluon Plasma. As it cooled during this era, it traced out a trajectory in the quark matter phase diagram. The form taken by this trajectory is not known with certainty, but is of great importance: it determines, for example, whether the cosmic plasma passed through a first-order phase change during the transition to the hadron era, as has recently been suggested by advocates of the "Little Inflation" model. Just before this transition, the plasma was strongly coupled and therefore can be studied by holographic techniques. We show that holography imposes a strong constraint (taking the form of a bound on the baryonic chemical potential relative to the temperature) on the domain through which the cosmic plasma could pass as it cooled, with important consequences for Little Inflation. In fact, we find that holography applied to Little Inflation implies that the cosmic plasma must have passed quite close to the quark matter c...

McInnes, Brett

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Holography of Little Inflation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For several crucial microseconds of its early history, the Universe consisted of a Quark-Gluon Plasma. As it cooled during this era, it traced out a trajectory in the quark matter phase diagram. The form taken by this trajectory is not known with certainty, but is of great importance: it determines, for example, whether the cosmic plasma passed through a first-order phase change during the transition to the hadron era, as has recently been suggested by advocates of the "Little Inflation" model. Just before this transition, the plasma was strongly coupled and therefore can be studied by holographic techniques. We show that holography imposes a strong constraint (taking the form of a bound on the baryonic chemical potential relative to the temperature) on the domain through which the cosmic plasma could pass as it cooled, with important consequences for Little Inflation. In fact, we find that holography applied to Little Inflation implies that the cosmic plasma must have passed quite close to the quark matter critical point, and might therefore have been affected by the associated fluctuation phenomena.

Brett McInnes

2015-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

397

An extension to GUM methodology: degrees-of-freedom calculations for correlated multidimensional estimates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement advocates the use of an 'effective number of degrees of freedom' for the calculation of an interval of measurement uncertainty. However, it does not describe how this number is to be calculated when (i) the measurand is a vector quantity or (ii) when the errors in the estimates of the quantities defining the measurand (the 'input quantities') are not incurred independently. An appropriate analysis for a vector-valued measurand has been described (Metrologia 39 (2002) 361-9), and a method for a one-dimensional measurand with dependent errors has also been given (Metrologia 44 (2007) 340-9). This paper builds on those analyses to present a method for the situation where the problem is multidimensional and involves correlated errors. The result is an explicit general procedure that reduces to simpler procedures where appropriate. The example studied is from the field of radio-frequency metrology, where measured quantities are often complex-valued and can ...

Willink, R

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

The U.S.-Russian joint studies on using power reactors to disposition surplus weapon plutonium as spent fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1996, the US and the Russian Federation completed an initial joint study of the candidate options for the disposition of surplus weapons plutonium in both countries. The options included long term storage, immobilization of the plutonium in glass or ceramic for geologic disposal, and the conversion of weapons plutonium to spent fuel in power reactors. For the latter option, the US is only considering the use of existing light water reactors (LWRs) with no new reactor construction for plutonium disposition, or the use of Canadian deuterium uranium (CANDU) heavy water reactors. While Russia advocates building new reactors, the cost is high, and the continuing joint study of the Russian options is considering only the use of existing VVER-1000 LWRs in Russia and possibly Ukraine, the existing BN-60O fast neutron reactor at the Beloyarsk Nuclear Power Plant in Russia, or the use of the Canadian CANDU reactors. Six of the seven existing VVER-1000 reactors in Russia and the eleven VVER-1000 reactors in Ukraine are all of recent vintage and can be converted to use partial MOX cores. These existing VVER-1000 reactors are capable of converting almost 300 kg of surplus weapons plutonium to spent fuel each year with minimum nuclear power plant modifications. Higher core loads may be achievable in future years.

Chebeskov, A.; Kalashnikov, A. [State Scientific Center, Obninsk (Russian Federation). Inst. of Physics and Power Engineering; Bevard, B.; Moses, D. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Pavlovichev, A. [State Scientific Center, Moscow (Russian Federation). Kurchatov Inst.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

AGN and Cooling Flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For two decades the steady-state cooling-flow model has dominated the literature of cluster and elliptical-galaxy X-ray sources. For ten years this model has been in severe difficulty from a theoretical point of view, and it is now coming under increasing pressure observationally. For two decades the steady-state cooling-flow model has dominated the literature of cluster and elliptical-galaxy X-ray sources. For ten years this model has been in severe difficulty from a theoretical point of view, and it is now coming under increasing pressure observationally. A small number of enthusiasts have argued for a radically different interpretation of the data, but had little impact on prevailing opinion because the unsteady heating picture that they advocate is extremely hard to work out in detail. Here I explain why it is difficult to extract robust observational predictions from the heating picture. Major problems include the variability of the sources, the different ways in which a bi-polar flow can impact on X-ray emission, the weakness of synchrotron emission from sub-relativistic flows, and the sensitivity of synchrotron emission to a magnetic field that is probably highly localized.

James Binney

2001-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

400

Neutral Hydrogen Tully Fisher Relation: The case for Newtonian Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intrinsic luminosities are related to rotation velocities of disk galaxies by Tully Fisher (TF) relations. The Baryonic TF (BTF) relation has recently been explained with Dark Matter and Newtonian Gravity as well as Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND). However, recent work has pointed out that the currently used BTF relation ignores the contribution from hot gas and oversimplifies complex galaxy-scale physics. In this Letter, we advocate the use of the Neutral Hydrogen TF (HITF) relationship, which is free from dust obscuration and stellar evolution effects, as a clean probe of gravity and dynamics in the weak field regime. We incorporate the physics of hot gas from supernova feedback which drives the porosity of the Interstellar Medium (ISM). A simple model that includes supernovae feedback, is generalized to include a parametrized effective gravitational force law. We test our model against a catalogue of galaxies, spanning the full range of disks from dwarf galaxies to giant spirals, to demonstrate that a Kennicutt-Schmidt (KS) law for star formation and simple Newtonian gravity is adequate for explaining the observed HI scaling relations. The data rules out MOND-like theories, within the scope of this model.

Sayan Chakraborti; Satej Khedekar

2011-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "advocate wanda reder" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Financial Analysis of Incentive Mechanisms to Promote Energy Efficiency: Case Study of a Prototypical Southwest Utility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many state regulatory commissions and policymakers want utilities to aggressively pursue energy efficiency as a strategy to mitigate demand and energy growth, diversify the resource mix, and provide an alternative to building new, costly generation. However, as the National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency (NAPEE 2007) points out, many utilities continue to shy away from aggressively expanding their energy efficiency efforts when their shareholder's fundamental financial interests are placed at risk by doing so. Thus, there is increased interest in developing effective ratemaking and policy approaches that address utility disincentives to pursue energy efficiency or lack of incentives for more aggressive energy efficiency efforts. New regulatory initiatives to promote increased utility energy efficiency efforts also affect the interests of consumers. Ratepayers and their advocates are concerned with issues of fairness, impacts on rates, and total consumer costs. From the perspective of energy efficiency advocates, the quid pro quo for utility shareholder incentives is the obligation to acquire all, or nearly all, achievable cost-effective energy efficiency. A key issue for state regulators and policymakers is how to maximize the cost-effective energy efficiency savings attained while achieving an equitable sharing of benefits, costs and risks among the various stakeholders. In this study, we modeled a prototypical vertically-integrated electric investor-owned utility in the southwestern US that is considering implementing several energy efficiency portfolios. We analyze the impact of these energy efficiency portfolios on utility shareholders and ratepayers as well as the incremental effect on each party when lost fixed cost recovery and/or utility shareholder incentive mechanisms are implemented. A primary goal of our quantitative modeling is to provide regulators and policymakers with an analytic framework and tools that assess the financial impacts of alternative incentive approaches on utility shareholders and customers if energy efficiency is implemented under various utility operating, cost, and supply conditions.We used and adapted a spreadsheet-based financial model (the Benefits Calculator) which was developed originally as a tool to support the National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency (NAPEE). The major steps in our analysis are displayed graphically in Figure ES- 1. Two main inputs are required: (1) characterization of the utility which includes its initial financial and physical market position, a forecast of the utility?s future sales, peak demand, and resource strategy to meet projected growth; and (2) characterization of the Demand-Side Resource (DSR) portfolio ? projected electricity and demand savings, costs and economic lifetime of a portfolio of energy efficiency (and/or demand response) programs that the utility is planning or considering implementing during the analysis period. The Benefits Calculator also estimates total resource costs and benefits of the DSR portfolio using a forecast of avoided capacity and energy costs. The Benefits Calculator then uses inputs provided in the Utility Characterization to produce a ?business-as usual? base case as well as alternative scenarios that include energy efficiency resources, including the corresponding utility financial budgets required in each case. If a decoupling and/or a shareholder incentive mechanism are instituted, the Benefits Calculator model readjusts the utility?s revenue requirement and retail rates accordingly. Finally, for each scenario, the Benefits Calculator produces several metrics that provides insights on how energy efficiency resources, decoupling and/or a shareholder incentive mechanism impacts utility shareholders (e.g. overall earnings, return on equity), ratepayers (e.g., average customer bills and rates) and society (e.g. net resource benefits).

Cappers, Peter; Goldman, Charles; Chait, Michele; Edgar, George; Schlegel, Jeff; Shirley, Wayne

2009-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

402

Fusion Power: A Strategic Choice for the Future Energy Provision. Why is So Much Time Wasted for Decision Making?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From a general analysis of the world energy issue, it is argued that an affordable, clean and reliable energy supply will have to consist of a portfolio of primary energy sources, a large fraction of which will be converted to a secondary carrier in large baseload plants. Because of all future uncertainties, it would be irresponsible not to include thermonuclear fusion as one of the future possibilities for electricity generation.The author tries to understand why nuclear-fusion research is not considered of strategic importance by the major world powers. The fusion programs of the USA and Europe are taken as prime examples to illustrate the 'hesitation'. Europe is now advocating a socalled 'fast-track' approach, thereby seemingly abandoning the 'classic' time frame towards fusion that it has projected for many years. The US 'oscillatory' attitude towards ITER in relation to its domestic program is a second case study that is looked at.From the real history of the ITER design and the 'siting' issue, one can try to understand how important fusion is considered by these world powers. Not words are important, but deeds. Fast tracks are nice to talk about, but timely decisions need to be taken and sufficient money is to be provided. More fundamental understanding of fusion plasma physics is important, but in the end, real hardware devices must be constructed to move along the path of power plant implementation.The author tries to make a balance of where fusion power research is at this moment, and where, according to his views, it should be going.

D'haeseleer, William D

2005-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

403

INFRARED TRANSMISSION SPECTROSCOPY OF THE EXOPLANETS HD 209458b AND XO-1b USING THE WIDE FIELD CAMERA-3 ON THE HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Exoplanetary transmission spectroscopy in the near-infrared using the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) NICMOS is currently ambiguous because different observational groups claim different results from the same data, depending on their analysis methodologies. Spatial scanning with HST/WFC3 provides an opportunity to resolve this ambiguity. We here report WFC3 spectroscopy of the giant planets HD 209458b and XO-1b in transit, using spatial scanning mode for maximum photon-collecting efficiency. We introduce an analysis technique that derives the exoplanetary transmission spectrum without the necessity of explicitly decorrelating instrumental effects, and achieves nearly photon-limited precision even at the high flux levels collected in spatial scan mode. Our errors are within 6% (XO-1) and 26% (HD 209458b) of the photon-limit at a resolving power of {lambda}/{delta}{lambda} {approx} 70, and are better than 0.01% per spectral channel. Both planets exhibit water absorption of approximately 200 ppm at the water peak near 1.38 {mu}m. Our result for XO-1b contradicts the much larger absorption derived from NICMOS spectroscopy. The weak water absorption we measure for HD 209458b is reminiscent of the weakness of sodium absorption in the first transmission spectroscopy of an exoplanet atmosphere by Charbonneau et al. Model atmospheres having uniformly distributed extra opacity of 0.012 cm{sup 2} g{sup -1} account approximately for both our water measurement and the sodium absorption. Our results for HD 209458b support the picture advocated by Pont et al. in which weak molecular absorptions are superposed on a transmission spectrum that is dominated by continuous opacity due to haze and/or dust. However, the extra opacity needed for HD 209458b is grayer than for HD 189733b, with a weaker Rayleigh component.

Deming, Drake; Wilkins, Ashlee [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); McCullough, Peter; Crouzet, Nicolas [Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Burrows, Adam [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544-1001 (United States); Fortney, Jonathan J. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Agol, Eric; Dobbs-Dixon, Ian [NASA Astrobiology Institute's Virtual Planetary Laboratory (United States); Madhusudhan, Nikku [Yale Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Desert, Jean-Michel; Knutson, Heather A.; Line, Michael [Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Gilliland, Ronald L. [Center for Exoplanets and Habitable Worlds, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Haynes, Korey [Department of Physics and Astronomy, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States); Magic, Zazralt [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astrophysik, D-85741 Garching (Germany); Mandell, Avi M.; Clampin, Mark [NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Ranjan, Sukrit; Charbonneau, David [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Seager, Sara, E-mail: ddeming@astro.umd.edu [Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); and others

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

404

TriBITS lifecycle model. Version 1.0, a lean/agile software lifecycle model for research-based computational science and engineering and applied mathematical software.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Software lifecycles are becoming an increasingly important issue for computational science and engineering (CSE) software. The process by which a piece of CSE software begins life as a set of research requirements and then matures into a trusted high-quality capability is both commonplace and extremely challenging. Although an implicit lifecycle is obviously being used in any effort, the challenges of this process - respecting the competing needs of research vs. production - cannot be overstated. Here we describe a proposal for a well-defined software lifecycle process based on modern Lean/Agile software engineering principles. What we propose is appropriate for many CSE software projects that are initially heavily focused on research but also are expected to eventually produce usable high-quality capabilities. The model is related to TriBITS, a build, integration and testing system, which serves as a strong foundation for this lifecycle model, and aspects of this lifecycle model are ingrained in the TriBITS system. Here, we advocate three to four phases or maturity levels that address the appropriate handling of many issues associated with the transition from research to production software. The goals of this lifecycle model are to better communicate maturity levels with customers and to help to identify and promote Software Engineering (SE) practices that will help to improve productivity and produce better software. An important collection of software in this domain is Trilinos, which is used as the motivation and the initial target for this lifecycle model. However, many other related and similar CSE (and non-CSE) software projects can also make good use of this lifecycle model, especially those that use the TriBITS system. Indeed this lifecycle process, if followed, will enable large-scale sustainable integration of many complex CSE software efforts across several institutions.

Willenbring, James M.; Bartlett, Roscoe Ainsworth (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN); Heroux, Michael Allen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Beam Profile Disturbances from Implantable Pacemakers or Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Interactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The medical community is advocating for progressive improvement in the design of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators and implantable pacemakers to accommodate elevations in dose limitation criteria. With advancement already made for magnetic resonance imaging compatibility in some, a greater need is present to inform the radiation oncologist and medical physicist regarding treatment planning beam profile changes when such devices are in the field of a therapeutic radiation beam. Treatment plan modeling was conducted to simulate effects induced by Medtronic, Inc.-manufactured devices on therapeutic radiation beams. As a continuation of grant-supported research, we show that radial and transverse open beam profiles of a medical accelerator were altered when compared with profiles resulting when implantable pacemakers and cardioverter-defibrillators are placed directly in the beam. Results are markedly different between the 2 devices in the axial plane and the sagittal planes. Vast differences are also presented for the therapeutic beams at 6-MV and 18-MV x-ray energies. Maximum changes in percentage depth dose are observed for the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator as 9.3% at 6 MV and 10.1% at 18 MV, with worst distance to agreement of isodose lines at 2.3 cm and 1.3 cm, respectively. For the implantable pacemaker, the maximum changes in percentage depth dose were observed as 10.7% at 6 MV and 6.9% at 18 MV, with worst distance to agreement of isodose lines at 2.5 cm and 1.9 cm, respectively. No differences were discernible for the defibrillation leads and the pacing lead.

Gossman, Michael S., E-mail: mgossman@tsrcc.com [Tri-State Regional Cancer Center, Medical Physics Section, Ashland, KY (United States); Comprehensive Heart and Vascular Associates, Heart and Vascular Center, Ashland, KY (United States); Medtronic, Inc., External Research Program, Mounds View, MN (United States); Nagra, Bipinpreet; Graves-Calhoun, Alison; Wilkinson, Jeffrey [Tri-State Regional Cancer Center, Medical Physics Section, Ashland, KY (United States); Comprehensive Heart and Vascular Associates, Heart and Vascular Center, Ashland, KY (United States); Medtronic, Inc., External Research Program, Mounds View, MN (United States)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Exposure information in environmental health research: Current opportunities and future directions for particulate matter, ozone, and toxic air pollutants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Understanding and quantifying outdoor and indoor sources of human exposure are essential but often not adequately addressed in health-effects studies for air pollution. Air pollution epidemiology, risk assessment, health tracking and accountability assessments are examples of health-effects studies that require but often lack adequate exposure information. Recent advances in exposure modeling along with better information on time-activity and exposure factors data provide us with unique opportunities to improve the assignment of exposures for both future and ongoing studies linking air pollution to health impacts. In September 2006, scientists from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) along with scientists from the academic community and state health departments convened a symposium on air pollution exposure and health in order to identify, evaluate, and improve current approaches for linking air pollution exposures to disease. This manuscript presents the key issues, challenges and recommendations identified by the exposure working group, who used cases studies of particulate matter, ozone, and toxic air pollutant exposure to evaluate health-effects for air pollution. One of the over-arching lessons of this workshop is that obtaining better exposure information for these different health-effects studies requires both goal-setting for what is needed and mapping out the transition pathway from current capabilities to meeting these goals. Meeting our long-term goals requires definition of incremental steps that provide useful information for the interim and move us toward our long-term goals. Another over-arching theme among the three different pollutants and the different health study approaches is the need for integration among alternate exposure assessment approaches. For example, different groups may advocate exposure indicators, biomonitoring, mapping methods (GIS), modeling, environmental media monitoring, and/or personal exposure modeling. However, emerging research reveals that the greatest progress comes from integration among two or more of these efforts.

McKone, Thomas E.; Ryan, P. Barry; Ozkaynak, Haluk

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

The role of public policy in emerging green power markets: An analysis of marketer preferences  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Green power marketing has been heralded by some as a means to create a private market for renewable energy that is driven by customer demand for green products. This report challenges the premise--sometimes proffered in debates over green markets--that profitable, sizable, credible markets for green products will evolve naturally without supportive public policies. Relying primarily on surveys and interviews of US green power marketers, the article examines the role of specific regulatory and legislative policies in enabling the green market, and searches for those policies that are believed by marketers to be the most conducive or detrimental to the expansion of the green market. The authors find that marketers: (1) believe that profitable green power markets will only develop if a solid foundation of supportive policies exists; (2) believe that establishing overall price competition and encouraging customer switching are the top priorities; (3) are somewhat leery of government-sponsored or mandated public information programs; and (4) oppose three specific renewable energy policies that are frequently advocated by renewable energy enthusiasts, but that may have negative impacts on the green marketers' profitability. The stated preferences of green marketers shed light on ways to foster renewables by means of the green market. Because the interests of marketers do not coincide perfectly with those of society, however, the study also recognizes other normative perspectives and highlights policy tensions at the heart of current debates related to green markets. By examining these conflicts, they identify three key policy questions that should direct future research: (1) to what extent should price competition and customer switching be encouraged at the expense of cost shifting; (2) what requirements should be imposed to ensure credibility in green products and marketing; and (3) how should the green power market and broader renewable energy policies interact?

Wiser, R.

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Using federal technology policy to strength the US microelectronics industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A review of US and Japanese experiences with using microelectronics consortia as a tool for strengthening their respective industries reveals major differences. Japan has established catch-up consortia with focused goals. These consortia have a finite life targeted from the beginning, and emphasis is on work that supports or leads to product and process-improvement-driven commercialization. Japan`s government has played a key role in facilitating the development of consortia and has used consortia promote domestic competition. US consortia, on the other hand, have often emphasized long-range research with considerably less focus than those in Japan. The US consortia have searched for and often made revolutionary technology advancements. However, technology transfer to their members has been difficult. Only SEMATECH has assisted its members with continuous improvements, compressing product cycles, establishing relationships, and strengthening core competencies. The US government has not been a catalyst nor provided leadership in consortia creation and operation. We propose that in order to regain world leadership in areas where US companies lag foreign competition, the US should create industry-wide, horizontal-vertical, catch-up consortia or continue existing consortia in the six areas where the US lags behind Japan -- optoelectronics, displays, memories, materials, packaging, and manufacturing equipment. In addition, we recommend that consortia be established for special government microelectronics and microelectronics research integration and application. We advocate that these consortia be managed by an industry-led Microelectronics Alliance, whose establishment would be coordinated by the Department of Commerce. We further recommend that the Semiconductor Research Corporation, the National Science Foundation Engineering Research Centers, and relevant elements of other federal programs be integrated into this consortia complex.

Gover, J.E.; Gwyn, C.W.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Siting and constructing very deep monitoring wells on the US Department of Energy`s Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many aspects of the Nevada Test Site`s (NTS) hydrogeologic setting restrict the use of traditional methods for the siting and construction of ground-water characterization and monitoring wells. The size of the NTS precludes establishing high-density networks of characterization wells, as are typically used at smaller sites. The geologic complexity and variability of the NTS requires that the wells be criticality situated. The hydrogeologic complexity requires that each well provide access to many aquifers. Depths to ground water on the NTS require the construction of wells averaging approximately 1000 meters in depth. Wells meeting these criteria are uncommon in the ground-water industry, therefore techniques used by petroleum engineers are being employed to solve certain siting-, design- and installation-related problems. To date, one focus has been on developing completion strings that facilitate routine and efficient ground-water sampling from multiple intervals in a single well. The method currently advocated employs a new design of sliding side door sleeve that is actuated by an electrically operated hydraulic shifting tool. Stemming of the wells is being accomplished with standard materials (cement based grouts and sands); however, new stemming methods are being developed, to accommodate the greater depths, to minimize pH-related problems caused by the use of cements, to enhance the integrity of the inter-zone seals, and to improve the representativeness of radionuclide analyses performed on ground-water samples. Bench-scale experiments have been used to investigate the properties of more than a dozen epoxy-aggregate grout mixtures -- materials that are commonly used in underwater sealing applications.

Cullen, J J; Jacobson, R L; Russell, C E

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

410

Core-based evidence for sandy slump and sandy debris flow facies in the Pliocene and Pleistocene of the Gulf of Mexico: Implications for submarine fan models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Examination of nearly 3,500 feet of conventional core from Pliocene and Pleistocene deep-water reservoirs cored in 25 wells in 8 different areas covering the eastern, central and western Gulf of Mexico reveals that the reservoirs are predominantly composed of mass-transport deposits, mainly sandy slumps and sandy debris flows (60-100% of cored intervals). Bottom-current reworked sands are common (10-50%). Of importance to existing submarine fan models is that turbidities are extremely rare (<1 % of all cores). Sedimentary features indicative of slump and debris-flow origin include sand units with sharp upper contacts, slump folds, discordant, steeply dipping layers (up to 60[degrees]), glide planes, shear zones, brecciated clasts, rafted mudstone clasts, planar clast fabric, inverse grading of clasts, and moderate-to-high matrix content (5-20 %). These reservoirs have been interpreted by others to represent turbidite-dominated basin-floor fans and slope fans of the often used sequence stratigraphic model. However, our core data do not show a dominance of turbidities. Sandy debris flows exhibit a variety of log motifs (e.g., blocky, fining-up, and coarsening-up) due to changes in concentration of midstone clasts, and a variety of internal seismic facies (e.g., parallel-continuous, irregular-discontinuous, chaotic -discontinuous, and lateral pinch out) perhaps due to changes in stacking patterns of debris flows and slumps. Classic submarine-fan models, commonly advocated for these reservoirs, may not be appropriate. We propose a slump and debris-flow, dominated slope model in which sea-floor topography and depositional freezing (i.e., plastic flows) control sand distribution and geometry. Contrary to popular belief, sandy debris flows can be thick, areally extensive, and excellent reservoirs.

Shanmugam, G. (Mobil Exploration and Producing Technical Center, Dallas, TX (United States)); Zimbrick, G. (Mobil Exploration and Producing U.S., Dallas, TX (United States))

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Core-based evidence for sandy slump and sandy debris flow facies in the Pliocene and Pleistocene of the Gulf of Mexico: Implications for submarine fan models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Examination of nearly 3,500 feet of conventional core from Pliocene and Pleistocene deep-water reservoirs cored in 25 wells in 8 different areas covering the eastern, central and western Gulf of Mexico reveals that the reservoirs are predominantly composed of mass-transport deposits, mainly sandy slumps and sandy debris flows (60-100% of cored intervals). Bottom-current reworked sands are common (10-50%). Of importance to existing submarine fan models is that turbidities are extremely rare (<1 % of all cores). Sedimentary features indicative of slump and debris-flow origin include sand units with sharp upper contacts, slump folds, discordant, steeply dipping layers (up to 60{degrees}), glide planes, shear zones, brecciated clasts, rafted mudstone clasts, planar clast fabric, inverse grading of clasts, and moderate-to-high matrix content (5-20 %). These reservoirs have been interpreted by others to represent turbidite-dominated basin-floor fans and slope fans of the often used sequence stratigraphic model. However, our core data do not show a dominance of turbidities. Sandy debris flows exhibit a variety of log motifs (e.g., blocky, fining-up, and coarsening-up) due to changes in concentration of midstone clasts, and a variety of internal seismic facies (e.g., parallel-continuous, irregular-discontinuous, chaotic -discontinuous, and lateral pinch out) perhaps due to changes in stacking patterns of debris flows and slumps. Classic submarine-fan models, commonly advocated for these reservoirs, may not be appropriate. We propose a slump and debris-flow, dominated slope model in which sea-floor topography and depositional freezing (i.e., plastic flows) control sand distribution and geometry. Contrary to popular belief, sandy debris flows can be thick, areally extensive, and excellent reservoirs.

Shanmugam, G. [Mobil Exploration and Producing Technical Center, Dallas, TX (United States); Zimbrick, G. [Mobil Exploration and Producing U.S., Dallas, TX (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

412

Quantifying the value that energy efficiency and renewable energy provide as a hedge against volatile natural gas prices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Advocates of energy efficiency and renewable energy have long argued that such technologies can mitigate fuel price risk within a resource portfolio. Such arguments--made with renewed vigor in the wake of unprecedented natural gas price volatility during the winter of 2000/2001--have mostly been qualitative in nature, however, with few attempts to actually quantify the price stability benefit that these sources provide. In evaluating this benefit, it is important to recognize that alternative price hedging instruments are available--in particular, gas-based financial derivatives (futures and swaps) and physical, fixed-price gas contracts. Whether energy efficiency and renewable energy can provide price stability at lower cost than these alternative means is therefore a key question for resource acquisition planners. In this paper we evaluate the cost of hedging gas price risk through financial hedging instruments. To do this, we compare the price of a 10-year natural gas swap (i.e., what it costs to lock in prices over the next 10 years) to a 10-year natural gas price forecast (i.e., what the market is expecting spot natural gas prices to be over the next 10 years). We find that over the past two years natural gas users have had to pay a premium as high as $0.76/mmBtu (0.53/242/kWh at an aggressive 7,000 Btu/kWh heat rate) over expected spot prices to lock in natural gas prices for the next 10 years. This incremental cost to hedge gas price risk exposure is potentially large enough - particularly if incorporated by policymakers and regulators into decision-making practices - to tip the scales away from new investments in variable-price, natural gas-fired generation and in favor of fixed-price investments in energy efficiency and renewable energy.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Bachrach, Devra; Golove, William

2002-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

413

Flow units from integrated WFT and NMR data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reliable and continuous permeability profiles are vital as both hard and soft data required for delineating reservoir architecture. They can improve the vertical resolution of seismic data, well-to-well stratigraphic correlations, and kriging between the well locations. In conditional simulations, permeability profiles are imposed as the conditioning data. Variograms, covariance functions and other geostatistical indicators are more reliable when based on good quality permeability data. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) logging and Wireline Formation Tests (WFT) separately generate a wealth of information, and their synthesis extends the value of this information further by providing continuous and accurate permeability profiles without increasing the cost. NMR and WFT data present a unique combination because WFTs provide discrete, in situ permeability based on fluid-flow, whilst NMR responds to the fluids in the pore space and yields effective porosity, pore-size distribution, bound and moveable fluid saturations, and permeability. The NMR permeability is derived from the T{sub 2}-distribution data. Several equations have been proposed to transform T{sub 2} data to permeability. Regardless of the transform model used, the NMR-derived permeabilities depend on interpretation parameters that may be rock specific. The objective of this study is to integrate WFT permeabilities with NMR-derived, T{sub 2} distribution-based permeabilities and thereby arrive at core quality, continuously measured permeability profiles. We outlined the procedures to integrate NMR and WFT data and applied the procedure to a field case. Finally, this study advocates the use of hydraulic unit concepts to extend the WFT-NMR derived, core quality permeabilities to uncored intervals or uncored wells.

Kasap, E.; Altunbay, M.; Georgi, D.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Toward large N thermal QCD from dual gravity: The heavy quarkonium potential  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We continue our study on the gravity duals for strongly coupled large N QCD with fundamental flavors both at zero and nonzero temperatures. The gravity dual at zero temperature captures the logarithmic runnings of the coupling constants at far IR and the almost conformal, albeit strongly coupled, behavior at the UV. The full UV completion of gauge theory is accomplished in the gravity side by attaching an anti-de Sitter cap to the IR geometry described in our previous work. Attaching such an anti-de Sitter cap is highly nontrivial because it amounts to finding the right interpolating geometry and sources that take us from a gravity solution with nonzero three-form fluxes to another one that has almost vanishing three-form fluxes. In this paper we give a concrete realization of such a scenario, completing the program advocated in our earlier paper. One of the main advantages of having such a background, in addition to providing a dual description of the required gauge theory, is the absence of Landau poles and consequently the UV divergences of the Wilson loops. The potential for the heaviest fundamental quark-antiquark pairs, which are like the heavy quarkonium states in realistic QCD, can be computed and their linear behavior at large separations and zero temperature could be demonstrated. At small separations the expected Coulombic behavior appears to dominate. On the other hand, at nonzero temperatures interesting properties like heavy quarkonium-type suppressions and melting are shown to emerge from our gravity dual. We provide some discussions of the melting temperature and compare our results with the charmonium spectrum and lattice simulations. We argue that, in spite of the large N nature of our construction, certain model-independent predictions can be made.

Mia, Mohammed; Dasgupta, Keshav; Gale, Charles; Jeon, Sangyong [Ernest Rutherford Physics Building, McGill University, 3600 University Street, Montreal Quebec, H3A 2T8 (Canada)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

415

Management Plan for Experimental Reintroduction of Sockeye into Skaha Lake; Proposed Implementation, Monitoring, and Evaluation, 2004 Technical Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Okanagan River sockeye salmon, which spawn near the town of Oliver, B.C., have their farther upstream migration limited by several water control and diversion dams. Stock numbers have been declining for many years and the Okanagan Native Alliance Fisheries Department (ONAFD) has been the principal advocate of a program to restore their numbers and range by reintroducing them into upstream waters where they may once have occurred in substantial numbers Some investigators have warned that without effective intervention Okanagan sockeye are at considerable risk of extinction. Among a host of threats, the quality of water in the single nursery areas in Osoyoos Lake. is deteriorating and a sanctuary such as that afforded in larger lakes higher in the system could be essential. Because the proposed reintroduction upstream has implications for other fish species, (particularly kokanee, the so-called ''landlocked sockeye'' which reside in many Okanagan lakes), the proponents undertook a three-year investigation, with funding from the Bonneville Power Administration and the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation, to identify possible problem areas, and they committed to an interim experimental reintroduction to Skaha Lake where any problems could be worked out before a more ambitious reintroduction, (e.g. to Okanagan Lake) could be formally considered. The three-year investigation was completed in the spring of 2003. It included an assessment of risks from disease or the possible introduction of unwanted exotic species. It also considered the present quality and quantity of sockeye habitat, and opportunities for expanding or improving it. Finally ecological complexity encouraged the development of a life history model to examine interactions of sockeye with other fishes and their food organisms. While some problem areas were exposed in the course of these studies, they appeared to be manageable and the concept of an experimental reintroduction was largely supported but with the proviso that there should be a thorough evaluation and reporting of progress and results. A 2004 start on implementation and monitoring has now been proposed.

Wright, Howie; Smith, Howard (Okanagan Nation Alliance, Fisheries Department, Westbank, BC, Canada)

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Transvaginal Aspiration of Ovarian Cysts: Long-Term Follow-up  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Background and purpose. Transvaginal aspiration of ovarian cysts has been advocated as a viable alternative to surgery in patients who are high-risk surgical candidates. We describe a retrospective study evaluating the results of transvaginal aspirations of benign ovarian cysts in patients at increased surgical risk, focusing on long-term follow-up for recurrence of the cyst and/or development of malignancy. Methods. Twenty-four women with ovarian cysts underwent 34 transvaginal drainages between October 1998 and December 2004. All patients were referred following diagnosis of a persistent ovarian cyst with a benign appearance on ultrasound. All patients were unsuitable candidates for surgery (history of previous pelvic surgery, n = 21; high risk for anesthesia, n = 1; and unsuitable for laparoscopy due to obesity, n = 2). Patients with a history of pregnancy, acute abdominal symptoms, or previous gynecologic malignancy were excluded. A 20G x 20 cm Chiba needle was used for transvaginal aspiration using an endocavity probe (Acuson XP, Mountain View, CA, USA; Siemens Sololine, Erlangen, Germany) and intravenous sedoanalgesia. Cysts were aspirated to dryness. Results. Long-term follow-up of patients was performed and revealed a recurrence rate of 75%. Eighty-three percent of cysts on the left and 42% of those on the right recurred. Nine of 15 (60%) patients with recurrence required further intervention. Two of 9 underwent surgical intervention only, 4 of 9 had repeat transvaginal aspiration(s) performed, and 3 of 9 had a combination of both transvaginal aspiration and surgery. No patient developed ovarian malignancy. Conclusion. Transvaginal cyst aspiration has many advantages including short hospital stay, rapid recovery, excellent patient tolerance, and a low rate of procedure-related complications. Our study demonstrates that ovarian cyst recurrence following transvaginal drainage is a more significant problem than previously documented, especially if the cyst is on the left side. However, when recurrences do occur, repeat transvaginal aspirations may be considered in the symptomatic patient.

Duke, D.; Colville, J.; Keeling, A.; Broe, D.; Fotheringham, T.; Lee, M.J. [Beaumont Hospital, Department of Academic Radiology (Ireland)], E-mail: mlee@rcsi.ie

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

417

Forecast of Contracting and Subcontracting Opportunities, Fiscal year 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Welcome to the US Department of Energy`s Forecast of Contracting and Subcontracting Opportunities. This forecast, which is published pursuant to Public Low 100--656, ``Business Opportunity Development Reform Act of 1988,`` is intended to inform small business concerns, including those owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals, and women-owned small business concerns, of the anticipated fiscal year 1995 contracting and subcontracting opportunities with the Department of Energy and its management and operating contractors and environmental restoration and waste management contractors. This document will provide the small business contractor with advance notice of the Department`s procurement plans as they pertain to small, small disadvantaged and women-owned small business concerns.Opportunities contained in the forecast support the mission of the Department, to serve as advocate for the notion`s energy production, regulation, demonstration, conservation, reserve maintenance, nuclear weapons and defense research, development and testing, when it is a national priority. The Department`s responsibilities include long-term, high-risk research and development of energy technology, the marketing of Federal power, and maintenance of a central energy data collection and analysis program. A key mission for the Department is to identify and reduce risks, as well as manage waste at more than 100 sites in 34 states and territories, where nuclear energy or weapons research and production resulted in radioactive, hazardous, and mixed waste contamination. Each fiscal year, the Department establishes contracting goals to increase contracts to small business concerns and meet our mission objectives.

Not Available

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Relationalism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article contributes to the debate of the meaning of relationalism and background independence, which has remained of interest in theoretical physics from Newton versus Leibniz through to foundational issues for today's leading candidate theories of quantum gravity. I contrast and compose the substantially different Leibniz--Mach--Barbour (LMB) and Rovelli--Crane (RC) uses of the word `relational'. Leibniz advocated primary timelessness and Mach that `time is to be abstracted from change'. I consider 3 distinct viewpoints on Machian time: Barbour's, Rovelli's and my own. I provide four expansions on Barbour's taking configuration space to be primary: to (perhaps a weakened notion of) phase space, categorizing, perspecting and propositioning. Categorizing means considering not only object spaces but also the corresponding morphisms and then functors between such pairs. Perspecting means considering the set of subsystem perspectives; this is an arena in which the LMB and Rovelli approaches make contact. By propositioning, I mean considering the set of propositions about a physical (sub)system. I argue against categorization being more than a formal pre-requisite for quantization in general; however, perspecting is a categorical operation, and propositioning leads one to considering topoi, with Isham and Doering's work represents one possibility for a mathematically sharp implementation of propositioning. Further applications of this article are arguing for Ashtekar variables as being relational in LMB as well as just the usually-ascribed RC sense, relationalism versus supersymmetry, string theory and M-theory. The question of whether scale is relational is also considered, with quantum cosmology in mind.

Edward Anderson

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

419

Research universities for the 21st century  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The `public outcomes` from research universities are educated students and research that extends the frontiers of knowledge. Measures of these `public outcomes` are inadequate to permit either research or education consumers to select research universities based on quantitative performance data. Research universities annually spend over $20 billion on research; 60% of these funds are provided by Federal sources. Federal funding for university research has recently grown at an annual rate near 6% during a time period when other performers of Federal research have experienced real funding cuts. Ten universities receive about 25% of the Federal funds spent on university research. Numerous studies of US research universities are reporting storm clouds. Concerns include balancing research and teaching, the narrow focus of engineering education, college costs, continuing education, and public funding of foreign student education. The absence of research on the `public outcomes` from university research results in opinion, politics, and mythology forming the basis of too many decisions. Therefore, the authors recommend studies of other nations` research universities, studies of various economic models of university research, analysis of the peer review process and how well it identifies the most capable research practitioners and at what cost, and studies of research university ownership of intellectual property that can lead to increased `public outcomes` from publicly-funded research performed by research universities. They advocate two practices that could increase the `public outcomes` from university research. These are the development of science roadmaps that link science research to `public outcomes` and `public outcome` metrics. Changes in the university research culture and expanded use of the Internet could also lead to increased `public outcomes`. They recommend the use of tax incentives to encourage companies to develop research partnerships with research universities.

Gover, J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Huray, P.G. [Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States)] [Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States)

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Use of an Accurate DNS Particulate Flow Method to Supply and Validate Boundary Conditions for the MFIX Code  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The simulation of particulate flows for industrial applications often requires the use of two-fluid models, where the solid particles are considered as a separate continuous phase. One of the underlining uncertainties in the use of the two-fluid models in multiphase computations comes from the boundary condition of the solid phase. Typically, the gas or liquid fluid boundary condition at a solid wall is the so called no-slip condition, which has been widely accepted to be valid for single-phase fluid dynamics provided that the Knudsen number is low. However, the boundary condition for the solid phase is not well understood. The no-slip condition at a solid boundary is not a valid assumption for the solid phase. Instead, several researchers advocate a slip condition as a more appropriate boundary condition. However, the question on the selection of an exact slip length or a slip velocity coefficient is still unanswered. Experimental or numerical simulation data are needed in order to determinate the slip boundary condition that is applicable to a two-fluid model. The goal of this project is to improve the performance and accuracy of the boundary conditions used in two-fluid models such as the MFIX code, which is frequently used in multiphase flow simulations. The specific objectives of the project are to use first principles embedded in a validated Direct Numerical Simulation particulate flow numerical program, which uses the Immersed Boundary method (DNS-IB) and the Direct Forcing scheme in order to establish, modify and validate needed energy and momentum boundary conditions for the MFIX code. To achieve these objectives, we have developed a highly efficient DNS code and conducted numerical simulations to investigate the particle-wall and particle-particle interactions in particulate flows. Most of our research findings have been reported in major conferences and archived journals, which are listed in Section 7 of this report. In this report, we will present a brief description of these results.

Zhi-Gang Feng

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "advocate wanda reder" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Fundamentals of orifice meter chart recorders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The differential pressure chart recorder used to measure fluid flow through an orifice plate has gone through several design changes since it`s inception some sixty years ago. The present unit on the market uses two fluid filled bellows units connected together. One bellows senses the upstream pressure before the orifice plate, and the other bellows senses the downstream pressure after the orifice plate. This pressure differential created by fluid flow through the orifice plate moves the connected bellows on the back of the chart recorder, which are mechanically linked, by a rotating torque tube through the rear of the case, to the internal case linkage that is connected to an inking pen scribing a line on a circular chart. The ink line on a linear calibrated chart is proportional to the square of the now rate. While the significant information on proper recorder installation will be covered in the classroom. Due to space limitations, this paper will concentrate on a recommended method to precisely calibrate the chart recorder for maximum accuracy of measurement. The basic calibration procedure for the different pressure chart recorder (i.e. set zero, full scale and mid scale) has been taught for years. This paper does not intend to rehash old procedures that are fairly universally known. What this paper does present is a method to achieve a more accurate, more precise calibration than is prescribed in any manufacturer`s literature - and, at the same time, explain why this procedure is more accurate. In addition to being more accurate, this procedure has been proven to be faster than the compromise methods most recorder manufacturers advocate.

Whigham, S.E. [SEWCO Sales & Service, Amarillo, TX (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

A clock containing a massive object in a superposition of states; what makes Penrosian wavefunction collapse tick?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Penrose has been advocating the view that the collapse of the wave function is rooted in the incompatibility between general relativity and quantum mechanics. Asserting that gravity wins, he arrived on basis of dimensional analysis at an estimate for the collapse time. This is an ad-hoc affair and here we will present an analysis revolving around the explicit role of time in gravitational wave function collapse. We present a thought experiment, in which we investigate the behavior of a hypothetical clock containing a component which can be in a superposition of states. The clocking action comes from a single strong laser pulse traveling in an optical cavity. At its center it contains a massive object, whose only purpose is to introduce a curvature of space time into the problem. We find that a state of this massive object with a smaller radius, but with the same mass, experiences a larger time delay. Considering a coherent superposition of the large and small object, this suffers from an ambiguity in the definition of a common time for both states. We assert that this time ambiguity will affect the relative phase and that the wave function collapse will occur when this extra phase becomes of order unity. An absolute energy scale enters this equation and we recover Penrose's estimate for the collapse time when we set this equal to the rest mass of the object. This sheds light on the counterintuitive aspect of Penrose's claim that gravitational time dilation effects can play any role dealing with masses of order of micrograms: the rest mass is sufficiently large such that the tiny time differences can confuse the unitary time evolution.

Tjerk H. Oosterkamp; Jan Zaanen

2014-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

423

Nanotechnology: Small Matters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary objective of this project was to engage members of the public in an active and balanced deliberative discussion about the social, ethical, legal, environmental, and policy issues arising from nanotechnologies. A second but equally important objective was to interest members of the public in learning more about science and technology and nanotechnology specifically by understanding how it will affect their lives. The objectives were met through a series of electronic and face-to-face citizen forums conducted in conjunction with three Fred Friendly Seminars being taped on the University of California, Berkeley campus in partnership with Lawrence Hall of Science (this forum was conducted in partnership with the St. Louis Science Center); the Boston Museum of Science in Boston, MA; and the State Museum of South Carolina in Columbia, South Carolina. The topical area for each forum paralleled the content of the Fred Friendly Seminars series being taped at each location, but specific topics/issues were drawn from the concerns and interests of the communities. The three topical areas included Environmental Impact (St. Louis), Privacy vs. Security (Boston), and Health and Enhancement (Columbia). The PI and project leader worked with the local science centers to identify stakeholder groups, such as academic, corporate and government scientists; environmental advocates; business leaders; science and technology journalists; and public policy makers within each community. Representatives from each group along with members of the general public were invited to participate in a series of on line and in person deliberations that were designed to provide basic information about the science, its potential benefits and risks, and avenues for public participation in policy formulation. On line resources were designed and managed by ScienceVIEW at Lawrence Hall of Science and Earth & Sky, Inc. The activities at each site were evaluated by Inverness Research Associates to assess whether they have achieved the objectives.

Cynthia Needham

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

424

Correlation between simulations and cavitation-induced erosion damage in Spallation Neutron Source target modules after operation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An explicit finite element (FE) technique developed for estimating dynamic strain in the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) mercury target module vessel is now providing insight into cavitation damage patterns observed in used targets. The technique uses an empirically developed material model for the mercury that describes liquid-like volumetric stiffness combined with a tensile pressure cut-off limit that approximates cavitation. The longest period each point in the mercury is at the tensile cut-off threshold is denoted its saturation time. Now, the pattern of saturation time can be obtained from these simulations and is being positively correlated with observed damage patterns and is interpreted as a qualitative measure of damage potential. Saturation time has been advocated by collaborators at J-Parc as a factor in predicting bubble nuclei growth and collapse intensity. The larger the ratio of maximum bubble size to nucleus, the greater the bubble collapse intensity to be expected; longer saturation times result in greater ratios. With the recent development of a user subroutine for the FE solver saturation time is now provided over the entire mercury domain. Its pattern agrees with spots of damage seen above and below the beam axis on the SNS inner vessel beam window and elsewhere. The other simulation result being compared to observed damage patterns is mercury velocity at the wall. Related R&D has provided evidence for the damage mitigation that higher wall velocity provides. In comparison to observations in SNS targets, inverse correlation of high velocity to damage is seen. In effect, it is the combination of the patterns of saturation time and low velocity that seems to match actual damage patterns.

Riemer, Bernie [ORNL] [ORNL; McClintock, David A [ORNL] [ORNL; Kaminskas, Saulius [ORNL] [ORNL; Abdou, Ashraf A [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Top-Quark Initiated Processes at High-Energy Hadron Colliders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In hadronic collisions at high energies, the top-quark may be treated as a parton inside a hadron. Top-quark initiated processes become increasingly important since the top-quark luminosity can reach a few percent of the bottom-quark luminosity. In the production of a heavy particle $H$ with mass $m_H > m_t$, treating the top-quark as a parton allows us to resum large logarithms $\\log(m_{H}^{2}/m_{t}^{2}$) arising from collinear splitting in the initial state. We quantify the effect of collinear resummation at the 14-TeV LHC and a future 100-TeV hadron collider, focusing on the top-quark open-flavor process $gg\\to t\\bar t H$ in comparison with $t\\bar t \\to H$ and $tg\\rightarrow tH$ at the leading order (LO) in QCD. We employ top-quark parton distribution functions with appropriate collinear subtraction and power counting. We find that (1) Collinear resummation enhances the inclusive production of a heavy particle with $m_H\\approx$ 5 TeV (0.5 TeV) by more than a factor of two compared to the open-flavor process at a 100-TeV (14-TeV) collider; (2) Top-quark mass effects are important for scales $m_H$ near the top-quark threshold, where the cross section is largest. We advocate a modification of the ACOT factorization scheme, dubbed m-ACOT, to consistently treat heavy-quark masses in hadronic collisions; (3) The scale uncertainty of the total cross section in m-ACOT is of about 20 percent at the LO. While a higher-order calculation is indispensable for a precise prediction, the LO cross section is well described by the process $t\\bar t\\to H$ using an effective factorization scale significantly lower than $m_H$. We illustrate our results by the example of a heavy spin-0 particle. Our main results also apply to the production of particles with spin-1 and 2.

Tao Han; Joshua Sayre; Susanne Westhoff

2014-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

426

Some Specific CASL Requirements for Advanced Multiphase Flow Simulation of Light Water Reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Because of the diversity of physical phenomena occuring in boiling, flashing, and bubble collapse, and of the length and time scales of LWR systems, it is imperative that the models have the following features: Both vapor and liquid phases (and noncondensible phases, if present) must be treated as compressible. Models must be mathematically and numerically well-posed. The models methodology must be multi-scale. A fundamental derivation of the multiphase governing equation system, that should be used as a basis for advanced multiphase modeling in LWR coolant systems, is given in the Appendix using the ensemble averaging method. The remainder of this work focuses specifically on the compressible, well-posed, and multi-scale requirements of advanced simulation methods for these LWR coolant systems, because without these are the most fundamental aspects, without which widespread advancement cannot be claimed. Because of the expense of developing multiple special-purpose codes and the inherent inability to couple information from the multiple, separate length- and time-scales, efforts within CASL should be focused toward development of a multi-scale approaches to solve those multiphase flow problems relevant to LWR design and safety analysis. Efforts should be aimed at developing well-designed unified physical/mathematical and high-resolution numerical models for compressible, all-speed multiphase flows spanning: (1) Well-posed general mixture level (true multiphase) models for fast transient situations and safety analysis, (2) DNS (Direct Numerical Simulation)-like models to resolve interface level phenmena like flashing and boiling flows, and critical heat flux determination (necessarily including conjugate heat transfer), and (3) Multi-scale methods to resolve both (1) and (2) automatically, depending upon specified mesh resolution, and to couple different flow models (single-phase, multiphase with several velocities and pressures, multiphase with single velocity and pressure, etc.) A unified, multi-scale approach is advocated to extend the necessary foundations and build the capability to simultaneously solve the fluid dynamic interface problems (interface resolution) as well as multiphase mixtures (homogenization).

R. A. Berry

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

ADVANCING THE SCIENCE OF NATURAL AND ENHANCED ATTENUATION FOR CHLORINATED SOLVENTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results of a three-year program that addressed key scientific and technical aspects related to natural and enhanced attenuation of chlorinated organics. The results from this coordinated three-year program support a variety of technical and regulatory advancements. Scientists, regulators, engineers, end-users and stakeholders participated in the program, which was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the Interstate Technology and Regulatory Council (ITRC). The overarching objective of the effort was to examine environmental remedies that are based on natural processes--remedies such as Monitored Natural Attenuation (MNA) or Enhanced Attenuation (EA). A key result of the recent effort was the general affirmation of the approaches and guidance in the original U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) chlorinated solvent MNA protocols and directives from 1998 and 1999, respectively. The research program did identify several specific opportunities for advances based on: (1) mass balance as the central framework for attenuation based remedies, (2) scientific advancements and achievements during the past ten years, (3) regulatory and policy development and real-world experience using MNA, and (4) exploration of various ideas for integrating attenuation remedies into a systematic set of ''combined remedies'' for contaminated sites. These opportunities are summarized herein and are addressed in more detail in referenced project documents and journal articles, as well as in the technical and regulatory documents being developed within the ITRC. Natural attenuation processes occur in all soil and groundwater systems and act, to varying degrees, on all contaminants. Thus, a decision to rely on natural attenuation processes as part of a site-remediation strategy does not depend on the occurrence of natural attenuation, but on its effectiveness in meeting site-specific remediation goals. Meeting these goals typically requires low risk, plume stability, and documentation of accepted and sustainable attenuation processes. Plume stability and sustainability depend on the balance between contaminant loading into the plume and contaminant attenuation within the plume. This ''mass balance'' is a simple and powerful idea that developed into the central framework for all aspects of the DOE MNA/EA program. The centrality of mass balance has been advocated by Chapelle and others (e.g., 1995) for several years, and the concepts proved to be critical to conceptualizing natural attenuation remedies, designing enhancements, developing characterization and monitoring strategies, and developing regulatory decision frameworks that encourage broader use of MNA/EA with clarified technical responsibility.

Looney, B; TOM O. EARLY, T; TYLER GILMORE, T; FRANCIS H. CHAPELLE, F; NORMAN H. CUTSHALL, N; JEFF ROSS, J; MARK ANKENY, M; Michael Heitkamp, M; DAVID MAJOR, D; CHARLES J. NEWELL, C; W. JODY WAUGH, W; GARY WEIN, G; Karen Vangelas, K; Karen-M Adams, K; CLAIRE H. SINK, C

2006-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

428

A Framework for Risk Analysis for Ecological Restoration Projects in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides a framework for incorporating risk analysis into the six-step planning process for ecosystem restoration projects. This report is part of a larger research and development effort to develop procedures and guidelines for risk analysis in USACE ecosystem restoration planning. The focus is on risk analysis: identifying the range of possible outcomes from alternative ecosystem restoration actions, assessing the potential for achieving the desired outcome, characterizing the likelihood of adverse consequences, and communicating these findings to stakeholders and decision makers. This framework document makes simplifying assumptions to allow a focus on incorporating risk information in the planning and decision-making process. A conceptual model of the site and landscape is advocated as a central organizing structure within the six-step process for ecosystem restoration project planning. This is responsive to USACE directives that restoration projects be conceived in a systems context using an ecosystem and/or watershed approach. The conceptual model delineates the empirical quantities to be addressed in risk analysis and modeling. Although the planning process is described in six distinct steps, in practice these steps are iterative and often carried out simultaneously. Risk analysis within this context has the same character. The approach for incorporating risk analysis into the planning process provides direction intended to help the planner: Identify the levels of uncertainty that are acceptable, at the start of the planning process. Use conceptual and numerical models to communicate the planning teams understanding of the ecosystem to others, and reduce the risk of mis-specifying the system. Consider the uncertainty associated with the variables chosen to measure project effects. Use alternative designs to manage identified uncertainty. Use risk information to eliminate alternatives with unacceptable risk from consideration. Incorporate risk analysis into the USACE four criteria of effectiveness, efficiency, completeness, and acceptability. Use an alternatives irreducible uncertainty as an attribute to be considered along with other attributes in the comparison of alternative plans. Use risk information in the final plan selection process. There are three other efforts associated with this framework document, which offer information and guidance for incorporating risk analysis into cost-estimation, and biological and hydrologic modeling.

Diefenderfer, Heida L.; Thom, Ronald M.; Hofseth, Keith

2005-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

429

A Perspective on Long-Term Recovery Following the Fukushima Nuclear Accident - 12075  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The tragic events at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station began occurring on March 11, 2011, following Japan's unprecedented earthquake and tsunami. The subsequent loss of external power and on-site cooling capacity severely compromised the plant's safety systems, and subsequently, led to core melt in the affected reactors and damage to spent nuclear fuel in the storage pools. Together with hydrogen explosions, this resulted in a substantial release of radioactive material to the environment (mostly Iodine-131 and Cesium- 137), prompting an extensive evacuation effort. The latest release estimate places the event at the highest severity level (Level 7) on the International Nuclear Event Scale, the same as the Chernobyl accident of 1986. As the utility owner endeavored to stabilize the damaged facility, environmental contamination continued to propagate and affect every aspect of daily life in the affected region of Japan. Elevated levels of radioactivity (mostly dominated by Cs-137 with the passage of time) were found in soil, drinking water, vegetation, produce, seafood, and other foodstuffs. An estimated 80,000 to 90,000 people were evacuated; more evacuations are being contemplated months after the accident, and a vast amount of land has become contaminated. Early actions were taken to ban the shipment and sale of contaminated food and drinking water, followed by later actions to ban the shipment and sale of contaminated beef, mushrooms, and seafood. As the event continues to evolve toward stabilization, the long-term recovery effort needs to commence - a process that doubtless will involve rather complex decision-making interactions between various stakeholders. Key issues that may be encountered and considered in such a process include (1) socio-political factors, (2) local economic considerations, (3) land use options, (4) remediation approaches, (5) decontamination methods, (6) radioactive waste management, (7) cleanup levels and options, and (8) government policies, among others. This paper offers a perspective on this likely long and arduous journey toward establishing a 'new normal' that will ultimately take shape. Toward this end, it is important to evaluate the 'optimization' process advocated by the international community in achieving long-term recovery from this particularly fateful event in Fukushima. In the process, experience and lessons learned from past events will be fully evaluated and considered. (author)

Chen, S.Y. [Environmental Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

RTP as an Optional Service: It's Alive, But Is It Well?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Economists have advocated for real-time pricing (RTP) of electricity on the basis of the gains in economic efficiency that would result from charging customers the contemporaneous marginal cost of supplying electricity instead of the average cost. In recent years, RTP has also become the subject of interest in a variety of policy contexts, including integrated resource planning initiatives, ongoing efforts to improve efficiency and reliability in competitive electricity markets, and implementation of default service in states with retail choice. Most experience with RTP has been as an optional service, that is, a self-selecting alternative to the standard utility service. By our count, approximately 70 utilities in the U.S. offered an optional RTP program at some point over the past 20 years. However, many programs are now defunct. In 2003, 47 utilities in the U.S. were still offering an optional RTP program, on either a pilot or permanent basis (see Figure 1). In addition, 10 utilities in states with retail choice currently offer RTP as the default service for large customers that are not under contract with a competitive supplier. Another two utilities have received regulatory approval to do so in the next few years. Although the results of a few optional RTP programs have been publicized, the vast majority of programs have operated in relative obscurity. To provide a wider perspective on utility and customer experience with RTP, we surveyed 43 optional RTP programs offered in 2003. We interviewed RTP program managers and other utility staff, and reviewed publicly available sources, including key regulatory documents and program evaluations. Based on this research, we identified trends related to RTP program history and outlook, program design and implementation, customer participation, and participant price response. The results are both surprising and instructive. We conclude that RTP is indeed alive but is not prospering as well it could. Thus, we offer a number of recommendations for policymakers and utilities that are considering optional RTP as a strategy for developing price responsive demand.

Goldman, Charles; Barbose, Galen; Neenan, Bernie

2006-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

431

Customer Strategies for Responding to Day-Ahead Market HourlyElectricity Pricing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Real-time pricing (RTP) has been advocated as an economically efficient means to send price signals to customers to promote demand response (DR) (Borenstein 2002, Borenstein 2005, Ruff 2002). However, limited information exists that can be used to judge how effectively RTP actually induces DR, particularly in the context of restructured electricity markets. This report describes the second phase of a study of how large, non-residential customers' adapted to default-service day-ahead hourly pricing. The customers are located in upstate New York and served under Niagara Mohawk, A National Grid Company (NMPC)'s SC-3A rate class. The SC-3A tariff is a type of RTP that provides firm, day-ahead notice of hourly varying prices indexed to New York Independent System Operator (NYISO) day-ahead market prices. The study was funded by the California Energy Commission (CEC)'s PIER program through the Demand Response Research Center (DRRC). NMPC's is the first and longest-running default-service RTP tariff implemented in the context of retail competition. The mix of NMPC's large customers exposed to day-ahead hourly prices is roughly 30% industrial, 25% commercial and 45% institutional. They have faced periods of high prices during the study period (2000-2004), thereby providing an opportunity to assess their response to volatile hourly prices. The nature of the SC-3A default service attracted competitive retailers offering a wide array of pricing and hedging options, and customers could also participate in demand response programs implemented by NYISO. The first phase of this study examined SC-3A customers' satisfaction, hedging choices and price response through in-depth customer market research and a Constant Elasticity of Substitution (CES) demand model (Goldman et al. 2004). This second phase was undertaken to answer questions that remained unresolved and to quantify price response to a higher level of granularity. We accomplished these objectives with a second customer survey and interview effort, which resulted in a higher, 76% response rate, and the adoption of the more flexible Generalized Leontief (GL) demand model, which allows us to analyze customer response under a range of conditions (e.g. at different nominal prices) and to determine the distribution of individual customers' response.

Goldman, Chuck; Hopper, Nicole; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Neenan,Bernie; Boisvert, Dick; Cappers, Peter; Pratt, Donna; Butkins, Kim

2005-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

432

Mid-Atlantic Regional Wind Energy Institute  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As the Department of Energy stated in its 20% Wind Energy by 2030 report, there will need to be enhanced outreach efforts on a national, state, regional, and local level to communicate wind development opportunities, benefits and challenges to a diverse set of stakeholders. To help address this need, PennFuture was awarded funding to create the Mid-Atlantic Regional Wind Energy Institute to provide general education and outreach on wind energy development across Maryland, Virginia, Delaware, Pennsylvania and West Virginia. Over the course of the two-year grant period, PennFuture used its expertise on wind energy policy and development in Pennsylvania and expanded it to other states in the Mid-Atlantic region. PennFuture accomplished this through reaching out and establishing connections with policy makers, local environmental groups, health and economic development organizations, and educational institutions and wind energy developers throughout the Mid-Atlantic region. PennFuture conducted two regional wind educational forums that brought together wind industry representatives and public interest organizations from across the region to discuss and address wind development in the Mid-Atlantic region. PennFuture developed the agenda and speakers in collaboration with experts on the ground in each state to help determine the critical issue to wind energy in each location. The sessions focused on topics ranging from the basics of wind development; model ordinance and tax issues; anti-wind arguments and counter points; wildlife issues and coalition building. In addition to in-person events, PennFuture held three webinars on (1) Generating Jobs with Wind Energy; (2) Reviving American Manufacturing with Wind Power; and (3) Wind and Transmission. PennFuture also created a web page for the institute (http://www.midatlanticwind.org) that contains an online database of fact sheets, research reports, sample advocacy letters, top anti-wind claims and information on how to address them, wind and wildlife materials and sample model ordinances. Video and presentations from each in-person meeting and webinar recordings are also available on the site. At the end of the two-year period, PennFuture has accomplished its goal of giving a unified voice and presence to wind energy advocates in the Mid-Atlantic region. We educated a broad range of stakeholders on the benefits of wind energy and gave them the tools to help make a difference in their states. We grew a database of over 500 contacts and hope to continue the discussion and work around the importance of wind energy in the region.

Courtney Lane

2011-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

433

Implementation of the PR&PP methodology: the role of formal expert elicitations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The application of the methodology developed by the GenIV International Forum's (GIF's) Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection (PR&PP) Working Group is an expert elicitation. Although the framework of the methodology is structured and systematic, it does not by itself constitute or require a formal elicitation. However, formal elicitation can be utilized in the PR&PP context to provide a systematic, credible and transparent qualitative analysis and develop input for quantitative analyses. This section provides an overview of expert elicitations, a discussion of the role formal expert elicitations can play in the PR&PP methodology, an outline of the formal expert elicitation process and a brief practical guide to conducting formal expert elicitations. Expert elicitation is a process utilizing knowledgeable people in cases, for example, when an assessment is needed but physically based data is absent or open to interpretation. More specifically, it can be used to: (1) predict future events; (2) provide estimates on new, rare, complex or poorly understood phenomena; (3) integrate or interpret existing information; or (4) determine what is currently known, how well it is known or what is worth learning in a field. Expert elicitation can be informal or formal. The informal application of expert judgment is frequently used. Although it can produce good results, it often provides demonstrably biased or otherwise flawed answers to problems. This along with the absence of transparency can result in a loss of confidence when experts speak on issues. More formal expert elicitation is a structured process that makes use of people knowledgeable in certain areas to make assessments. The reason for advocating formal use is that the quality and accuracy of expert judgment comes from the completeness of the expert's understanding of the phenomena and the process used to elicit and analyze the data. The use of a more formal process to obtain, lU1derstand and analyze expert judgment has led to an improved acceptance of expert judgment because of the rigor and transparency of the results.

Pilat, Joseph F [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

QER- Comment of William Smith III  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Hello DOE, Thanks for accepting my comments on the Quadrennial Energy Review by e-mail. There will be those who wish to promote nuclear energy as a source of electricity for future use in the USA. I speak against this form of energy. Because it creates long-lived radioactive wastes, nuclear power is incompatible with the biological world in which we live and from which we evolved. The lasting nature of these wastes creates a moral quandry for us in this generation, as we leave behind such biological poisons for our descents to manage, in ways which we do not yet know. A further problem with nucler energy is that any fission reaction creates plutonium, the stuff of nuclear weapons. If nuclear power reactors were to be spread around the world, inevitably the proliferation of nuclear weapons would follow. So-called '4th generation' or 'thorium' reactors suffer from a similar problem, for although they may generate less plutonium, their fuel cycle involves creation of large amounts of U-233 which carries a similar proliferation risk to plutonium-239. I advocate crafting an energy future for our nation bsed on the natural flows of renewable energy, coupled with a diversified structure which generates electricity at many smaller sources. Implicit in any modern energy system is the increased efficiency of energy usage which will continue to lower the bulk amounts of energy, particularly electricity, which our society uses to satisfy our industrial, military, commercial, and personal needs. Clearly as a nation we must participate in the worldwide effort to control the buildup of carbon dioxide gases and other pollutants which threaten the stability of the earth's climate. I would like to bring to your attention these papers from the Rocky Mountain Institute which touch on the above issues: http://www.rmi.org/Knowledge-Center/Library/2009-09_FourNuclearMyths and http://www.rmi.org/Knowledge-Center/Library/2012-01_FarewellToFossilFuels and http://www.rmi.org/Knowledge-Center/Library/E05-14_NuclearPowerEconomics.... If you have not yet done so, I strongly urge you to contact the Rocky Mountain Institute and contract with them for their advice in consulting on the Quadrennial Energy Review. Sincerely, William Wharton Smith III

435

THE M {sub BH}-L {sub SPHEROID} RELATION AT HIGH AND LOW MASSES, THE QUADRATIC GROWTH OF BLACK HOLES, AND INTERMEDIATE-MASS BLACK HOLE CANDIDATES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From a sample of 72 galaxies with reliable supermassive black hole masses M {sub bh}, we derive the M {sub bh}-(host spheroid luminosity, L) relation for (1) the subsample of 24 core-Sersic galaxies with partially depleted cores, and (2) the remaining subsample of 48 Sersic galaxies. Using K{sub s} -band Two Micron All Sky Survey data, we find the near-linear relation M {sub bh}{proportional_to}L {sup 1.10{+-}0.20} {sub K{sub s}} for the core-Sersic spheroids thought to be built in additive dry merger events, while we find the relation M {sub bh}{proportional_to}L {sup 2.73{+-}0.55}{sub K{sub s}} for the Sersic spheroids built from gas-rich processes. After converting literature B-band disk galaxy magnitudes into inclination- and dust-corrected bulge magnitudes, via a useful new equation presented herein, we obtain a similar result. Unlike with the M {sub bh}-(velocity dispersion) diagram, which is also updated here using the same galaxy sample, it remains unknown whether barred and non-barred Sersic galaxies are offset from each other in the M {sub bh}-L diagram. While black hole feedback has typically been invoked to explain what was previously thought to be a nearly constant M {sub bh}/M {sub Spheroid} mass ratio of {approx}0.2%, we advocate that the near-linear M {sub bh}-L and M {sub bh}-M {sub Spheroid} relations observed at high masses may have instead arisen largely from the additive dry merging of galaxies. We argue that feedback results in a dramatically different scaling relation, such that black hole mass scales roughly quadratically with the spheroid mass in Sersic galaxies. We therefore introduce a revised cold-gas 'quasar' mode feeding equation for semi-analytical models to reflect what we dub the quadratic growth of black holes in Sersic galaxies built amidst gas-rich processes. Finally, we use our new Sersic M {sub bh}-L equations to predict the masses of candidate intermediate mass black holes in almost 50 low-luminosity spheroids containing active galactic nuclei, finding many masses between that of stellar mass black holes and supermassive black holes.

Graham, Alister W.; Scott, Nicholas, E-mail: AGraham@swin.edu.au [Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Victoria 3122 (Australia)] [Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Victoria 3122 (Australia)

2013-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

436

FISH CONSUMPTION, METHYLMERCURY, AND HUMAN HEART DISEASE.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Environmental mercury continues to be of concern to public health advocates, both in the U.S. and abroad, and new research continues to be published. A recent analysis of potential health benefits of reduced mercury emissions has opened a new area of public health concern: adverse effects on the cardiovascular system, which could account for the bulk of the potential economic benefits. The authors were careful to include caveats about the uncertainties of such impacts, but they cited only a fraction of the applicable health effects literature. That literature includes studies of the potentially harmful ingredient (methylmercury, MeHg) in fish, as well as of a beneficial ingredient, omega-3 fatty acids or ''fish oils''. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently certified that some of these fat compounds that are primarily found in fish ''may be beneficial in reducing coronary heart disease''. This paper briefly summarizes and categorizes the extensive literature on both adverse and beneficial links between fish consumption and cardiovascular health, which are typically based on studies of selected groups of individuals (cohorts). Such studies tend to comprise the ''gold standard'' of epidemiology, but cohorts tend to exhibit a great deal of variability, in part because of the limited numbers of individuals involved and in part because of interactions with other dietary and lifestyle considerations. Note that eating fish will involve exposure to both the beneficial effects of fatty acids and the potentially harmful effects of contaminants like Hg or PCBs, all of which depend on the type of fish but tend to be correlated within a population. As a group, the cohort studies show that eating fish tends to reduce mortality, especially due to heart disease, for consumption rates up to about twice weekly, above which the benefits tend to level off. A Finnish cohort study showed increased mortality risks in the highest fish-consuming group ({approx}3 times/wk), which had mercury exposures (mean hair content of 3.9 ppm) much higher than those seen in the United States. As an adjunct to this cursory review, we also present some new ''ecological'' analyses based on international statistics on hair Hg, fish consumption, other dietary and lifestyle factors, and selected cardiovascular health endpoints. We searched for consistent differences between primarily fish-consuming nations, like Japan or the Seychelles, and others who traditionally eat much less fish , such as in central Europe, for example. We use data on cigarette sales, smoking prevalence surveys, and national lung cancer mortality rates to control for the effects of smoking on heart disease. These ecological analyses do not find significant adverse associations of either fish consumption or hair Hg with cardiovascular health; instead, there is a consistent trend towards beneficial effects, some of which are statistically significant. However, such ecological studies cannot distinguish differences due to variations in individual rates of fish consumption. We conclude that the extant epidemiological evidence does not support the existence of significant heart disease risks associated with mercury in fish, for the United States. The most prudent advice would continue to be that of maintaining a well-balanced diet, including fish or shellfish at least once per week. There may be additional benefits from fatty fish.

LIPFERT, F.W.; SULLIVAN, T.M.

2005-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

437

Final Technical Report: Hawaii Hydrogen Center for Development and Deployment of Distributed Energy Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydrogen power park experiments in Hawaii produced real-world data on the performance of commercialized electrochemical components and power systems integrating renewable and hydrogen technologies. By analyzing the different losses associated with the various equipment items involved, this work identifies the different improvements necessary to increase the viability of these technologies for commercial deployment. The stand-alone power system installed at Kahua Ranch on the Big Island of Hawaii required the development of the necessary tools to connect, manage and monitor such a system. It also helped the electrolyzer supplier to adapt its unit to the stand-alone power system application. Hydrogen fuel purity assessments conducted at the Hawaii Natural Energy Institute (HNEI) fuel cell test facility yielded additional knowledge regarding fuel cell performance degradation due to exposure to several different fuel contaminants. In addition, a novel fitting strategy was developed to permit accurate separation of the degradation of fuel cell performance due to fuel impurities from other losses. A specific standard MEA and a standard flow field were selected for use in future small-scale fuel cell experiments. Renewable hydrogen production research was conducted using photoelectrochemical (PEC) devices, hydrogen production from biomass, and biohydrogen analysis. PEC device activities explored novel configurations of traditional photovoltaic materials for application in high-efficiency photoelectrolysis for solar hydrogen production. The model systems investigated involved combinations of copper-indium-gallium-diselenide (CIGS) and hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H). A key result of this work was the establishment of a robust three-stage fabrication process at HNEI for high-efficiency CIGS thin film solar cells. The other key accomplishment was the development of models, designs and prototypes of novel four-terminal devices integrating high-efficiency CIGS and a-Si:H with operating features compatible with high-efficiency photoelectrochemical (PEC) water-splitting. The objective of one activity under the hydrogen production from biomass task was to conduct parametric testing of the Pearson gasifier and to determine the effects of gasifier operating conditions on the gas yields and quality. The hydrogen yield from this gasifier was evaluated in a parametric test series over a range of residence times from 0.8 to 2.2 seconds. H2 concentrations as high as 55% (volume) were measured in the product gas at the longer residence times and this corresponds to a hydrogen yield of 90 kg per tonne of bagasse without gas upgrading. The objective of another activity was to develop hot gas clean-up capabilities for the HNEI gasifier test facility to support hydrogen-from-biomass research. The product gas stream at the outlet of the hot gas filter was characterized for concentrations of permanent gas species and contaminants. Biomass feedstock processing activity included a preliminary investigation into methods for processing sugar cane trash at the Puunene Sugar Factory on the island of Maui, Hawaii. The objective of the investigation was to explore treatment methods that would enable the successful use of cane trash as fuel for the production of hydrogen via gasification. Analyses were completed for the technical and economic feasibility of producing biofuel from photosynthetic marine microbes on a commercial scale. Results included estimates for total costs, energy efficiency, and return on investment. The biohydrogen team undertook a comprehensive review of the field and came to what is considered a realistic conclusion. To summarize, continued research is recommended in the fundamentals of the science related to genetic engineering and specific topics to cover knowledge gaps. In the meantime, the team also advocates continued development of related processes which can be linked to pollution control and other real world applications. The extra revenues hydrogen can provide to these multi-product systems can

Rocheleau, Richard E.

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

438

Final Technical Report Power through Policy: "Best Practices" for Cost-Effective Distributed Wind  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Power through Policy: 'Best Practices' for Cost-Effective Distributed Wind is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)-funded project to identify distributed wind technology policy best practices and to help policymakers, utilities, advocates, and consumers examine their effectiveness using a pro forma model. Incorporating a customized feed from the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE), the Web-based Distributed Wind Policy Comparison Tool (Policy Tool) is designed to assist state, local, and utility officials in understanding the financial impacts of different policy options to help reduce the cost of distributed wind technologies. The project's final products include the Distributed Wind Policy Comparison Tool, found at www.windpolicytool.org, and its accompanying documentation: Distributed Wind Policy Comparison Tool Guidebook: User Instructions, Assumptions, and Case Studies. With only two initial user inputs required, the Policy Tool allows users to adjust and test a wide range of policy-related variables through a user-friendly dashboard interface with slider bars. The Policy Tool is populated with a variety of financial variables, including turbine costs, electricity rates, policies, and financial incentives; economic variables including discount and escalation rates; as well as technical variables that impact electricity production, such as turbine power curves and wind speed. The Policy Tool allows users to change many of the variables, including the policies, to gauge the expected impacts that various policy combinations could have on the cost of energy (COE), net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR), and the simple payback of distributed wind projects ranging in size from 2.4 kilowatts (kW) to 100 kW. The project conducted case studies to demonstrate how the Policy Tool can provide insights into 'what if' scenarios and also allow the current status of incentives to be examined or defended when necessary. The ranking of distributed wind state policy and economic environments summarized in the attached report, based on the Policy Tool's default COE results, highlights favorable market opportunities for distributed wind growth as well as market conditions ripe for improvement. Best practices for distributed wind state policies are identified through an evaluation of their effect on improving the bottom line of project investments. The case studies and state rankings were based on incentives, power curves, and turbine pricing as of 2010, and may not match the current results from the Policy Tool. The Policy Tool can be used to evaluate the ways that a variety of federal and state policies and incentives impact the economics of distributed wind (and subsequently its expected market growth). It also allows policymakers to determine the impact of policy options, addressing market challenges identified in the U.S. DOE's '20% Wind Energy by 2030' report and helping to meet COE targets. In providing a simple and easy-to-use policy comparison tool that estimates financial performance, the Policy Tool and guidebook are expected to enhance market expansion by the small wind industry by increasing and refining the understanding of distributed wind costs, policy best practices, and key market opportunities in all 50 states. This comprehensive overview and customized software to quickly calculate and compare policy scenarios represent a fundamental step in allowing policymakers to see how their decisions impact the bottom line for distributed wind consumers, while estimating the relative advantages of different options available in their policy toolboxes. Interested stakeholders have suggested numerous ways to enhance and expand the initial effort to develop an even more user-friendly Policy Tool and guidebook, including the enhancement and expansion of the current tool, and conducting further analysis. The report and the project's Guidebook include further details on possible next steps. NREL Report No. BK-5500-53127; DOE/GO-102011-3453.

Rhoads-Weaver, Heather; Gagne, Matthew; Sahl, Kurt; Orrell, Alice; Banks, Jennifer

2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

439

Spinning Reserve From Responsive Loads  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Responsive load is the most underutilized reliability resource available to the power system today. It is currently not used at all to provide spinning reserve. Historically there were good reasons for this, but recent technological advances in communications and controls have provided new capabilities and eliminated many of the old obstacles. North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC), Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Northeast Power Coordinating Council (NPCC), New York State Reliability Council (NYSRC), and New York Independent System Operator (NYISO) rules are beginning to recognize these changes and are starting to encourage responsive load provision of reliability services. The Carrier ComfortChoice responsive thermostats provide an example of these technological advances. This is a technology aimed at reducing summer peak demand through central control of residential and small commercial air-conditioning loads. It is being utilized by Long Island Power Authority (LIPA), Consolidated Edison (ConEd), Southern California Edison (SCE), and San Diego Gas and Electric (SDG&E). The technology is capable of delivering even greater response in the faster spinning reserve time frame (while still providing peak reduction). Analysis of demand reduction testing results from LIPA during the summer of 2002 provides evidence to back up this claim. It also demonstrates that loads are different from generators and that the conventional wisdom, which advocates for starting with large loads as better ancillary service providers, is flawed. The tempting approach of incrementally adapting ancillary service requirements, which were established when generators were the only available resources, will not work. While it is easier for most generators to provide replacement power and non-spinning reserve (the slower response services) than it is to supply spinning reserve (the fastest service), the opposite is true for many loads. Also, there is more financial reward for supplying spinning reserve than for supplying the other reserve services as a result of the higher spinning reserve prices. The LIPAedge program (LIPA's demand reduction program using Carrier ComfortChoice thermostats) provides an opportunity to test the use of responsive load for spinning reserve. With potentially 75 MW of spinning reserve capability already installed, this test program can also make an important contribution to the capacity needs of Long Island during the summer of 2003. Testing could also be done at ConEd ({approx}30 MW), SCE ({approx}15 MW), and/or SDG&E ({approx}15 MW). This paper is divided into six chapters. Chapter 2 discusses the contingency reserve ancillary services, their functions in supporting power system reliability, and their technical requirements. It also discusses the policy and tariff requirements and attempts to distinguish between ones that are genuinely necessary and ones that are artifacts of the technologies that were historically used to provide the services. Chapter 3 discusses how responsive load could provide contingency reserves (especially spinning reserve) for the power system. Chapter 4 specifically discusses the Carrier ComfortChoice responsive thermostat technology, the LIPAedge experience with that technology, and how the technology could be used to supply spinning reserve. Chapter 5 discusses a number of unresolved issues and suggests areas for further research. Chapter 6 offers conclusions and recommendations.

Kirby, B.J.

2003-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

440

Historical collection of preprints, reprints, working papers, correspondence, and other documents related to the "cold fusion" experiments conducted by Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This historical collection consists of various letters, correspondence, working papers, reprints, preprints, workshop reports, and news clippings related to the "cold fusion" experiments conducted by Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann. Binders and contents. 1. Laboratory Reprints/Preprints (Laboratory Documents from 9 national Labs. Some original documents); 2. Summary Report by Dr. Duane L. Barney (Articles, Letters, and Reports through 1994 on Cold Fusion. Original Documents); 3. Conference Workshops (Official Documents, schedules, and notes from 4 conferences); 4. HSS&T Hearings, SRI Incident Jan. 1992 (Summary of Cold Fusion Research and reports following SRI Incident. Original Documents); 5. Media 1989 to Present (circa 1995) (Journals, Magazines, Newspapers, and Press Releases from 1989-1995. Some reprints, some original articles/magazines); 6. Science in Service of National Economy aka Manfred's Book (A comprehensive overview of various research being done at Laboratories across the country that could impact the economy); 7. ERAB Information (Comprehensive Report on Cold Fusion Research w/ recommendations on funding and continued research. Original documents); 8. Misc.: Memorandum, Notes, Reports, Summaries, and Updates Chronologically 1989 (Various documents related to Cold Fusion in order of print from 1989. Original documents); 9. Misc.: Memorandum, Notes, Reports, Summaries, and Updates Chronologically 1990-1992 (Various documents related to Cold Fusion including status reports and research in order of print from 1990-1992. Original documents); 10. Misc.: Memorandum, Notes, Reports, Summaries, and Updates Chronologically 1993-1995 (Various documents related to Cold Fusion including status reports and research in order of print from 1993-1995. Original documents); 11. General: Preprints/Reprints Filed by Institution A-H (Reports of Research and Conclusion from various universities and institutions.); 12. General: Preprints/Reprints Filed by Institution I-R (Reports of Research and Conclusion from various universities and institutions.); 13. General: Preprints/Reprints Filed by Institution S-Z (Reports of Research and Conclusion from various universities and institutions.); 14. General: Correspondence, Incoming, Inquiries A-F (Letters, Correspondence, and Inquiries regarding Cold Fusion and its research. Sorted by Last Name of Author. Original documents); 15. General: Correspondence, Incoming, Inquiries G-L (Letters, Correspondence, and Inquiries regarding Cold Fusion and its research. Sorted by Last Name of Author. Original documents); 16. General: Correspondence, Incoming, Inquiries M-R (Letters, Correspondence, and Inquiries regarding Cold Fusion and its research. Sorted by Last Name of Author. Original documents); 17. General: Correspondence, Incoming, Inquiries S-Z (Letters, Correspondence, and Inquiries regarding Cold Fusion and its research. Sorted by Last Name of Author. Original documents); 18. Miscellaneous papers (Investigation of Cold Fusion Phenomena in Deuterated Metals-NCFI Final Report Volumes I. II, and III; June 1991; 4th Annual Conference on Cold Fusion Proceedings: Volumes 1-4; Development of Advanced Concepts for Nuclear Processes in Deuterated Metals; A Comprehensive Report on the research methods, background information, and principles related to Cold Fusion; Cold Fusion Research: November 1989; ERAB report on Cold Fusion Research; Proceedings: Workshop on Anomalous Effects in Deuterided Metals; Workshop designed to generate audio between skeptics and advocates to examine Cold Fusion research results and remaining questions in research methods; Muon Catalyzed Fusion; Overview of Muon Catalyzed Fusion; Grant Application for Cold Fusion Research; Original application to DOE from Prof. Pons that was withdrawn in favor of a new grant proposal).

None

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "advocate wanda reder" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Final Report for Harvesting a New Wind Crop: Innovative Economic Approaches for Rural America  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Final Report for ''Harvesting a New Wind Crop: Innovative Economic Approaches for Rural America'': This project, ''Harvesting a New Wind Crop'', helped stimulate wind development by rural electric cooperatives and municipal utilities in Colorado. To date most of the wind power development in the United States has been driven by large investor-owned utilities serving major metropolitan areas. To meet the 5% by 2020 goal of the Wind Powering America program the 2,000 municipal and 900 rural electric cooperatives in the country must get involved in wind power development. Public power typically serves rural and suburban areas and can play a role in revitalizing communities by tapping into the economic development potential of wind power. One barrier to the involvement of public power in wind development has been the perception that wind power is more expensive than other generation sources. This project focused on two ways to reduce the costs of wind power to make it more attractive to public power entities. The first way was to develop a revenue stream from the sale of green tags. By selling green tags to entities that voluntarily support wind power, rural coops and munis can effectively reduce their cost of wind power. Western Resource Advocates (WRA) and the Community Office for Resource Efficiency (CORE) worked with Lamar Light and Power and Arkansas River Power Authority to develop a strategy to use green tags to help finance their wind project. These utilities are now selling their green tags to Community Energy, Inc., an independent for-profit marketer who in turn sells the tags to consumers around Colorado. The Lamar tags allow the University of Colorado-Boulder, the City of Boulder, NREL and other businesses to support wind power development and make the claim that they are ''wind-powered''. This urban-rural partnership is an important development for the state of Colorado's rural communities get the economic benefits of wind power and urban businesses are able to claim the environmental benefits. The second method to reduce the cost of wind power we investigated involved access to cheap capital. Municipal utilities and rural electric cooperatives have access to low-interest loan programs and frequently finance projects through the sale of revenue bonds, but we were interested in the possibility for small businesses and community banks to provide equity and debt for wind projects. We worked with Boulder Community Hospital to explore their interest in partnering with other businesses and individuals to help catalyze the first community-owned wind project in Colorado. We also met with and gained interest from the independent community banks for the idea of wind power. These small banks may be restricted by lending limits, but are an integral part of rural communities and are very interested in the economic development opportunities wind power presents for small towns. This project was successful in getting six rural electric cooperatives and municipal utilities to purchase more than 25 MW of wind power in Colorado, Wyoming and Nebraska. These utilities also announced plans to explore an additional 100 MW or more of wind power development over the next few years. Finally, munis and coops in New Mexico began exploring wind power by offering small green power programs to their customers. WRA believes the lessons learned from this project will assist other municipal utilities and rural electric cooperatives as they develop wind projects.

Susan Innis; Randy Udall; Project Officer - Keith Bennett

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

442

Atomistic Time-Domain Simulations of Light-Harvesting and Charge-Transfer Dynamics in Novel Nanoscale Materials for Solar Hydrogen Production.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Funded by the DOE grant (i) we continued to study and analyze the atomistic detail of the electron transfer (ET) across the chromophore-TiO2 interface in Gratzel cell systems for solar hydrogen production. (ii) We extensively investigated the nature of photoexcited states and excited state dynamics in semiconductor quantum dots (QD) designed for photovoltaic applications. (iii) We continued a newly initiated research direction focusing on excited state properties and electron-phonon interactions in nanoscale carbon materials. Over the past year, the results of the DOE funded research were summarized in 3 review articles. 12 original manuscripts were written. The research results were reported in 28 invited talks at conferences and university seminars. 20 invitations were accepted for talks in the near future. 2 symposia at national and international meetings have being organized this year on topics closely related to the DOE funded project, and 2 more symposia have been planned for the near future. We summarized the insights into photoinduced dynamics of semiconductor QDs, obtained from our time-domain ab initio studies. QDs exhibit both molecular and bulk properties. Unlike either bulk or molecular materials, QD properties can be modified continuously by changing QD shape and size. However, the chemical and physical properties of molecular and bulk materials often contradict each other, which can lead to differing viewpoints about the behavior of QDs. For example, the molecular view suggests strong electron-hole and charge-phonon interactions, as well as slow energy relaxation due to mismatch between electronic energy gaps and phonon frequencies. In contrast, the bulk view advocates that the kinetic energy of quantum confinement is greater than electron-hole interactions, that charge-phonon coupling is weak, and that the relaxation through quasi-continuous bands is rapid. By synthesizing the bulk and molecular viewpoints, we clarified the controversies and provided a unified atomistic picture of the nature and dynamics of photoexcited states in semiconductor QDs. We also summarized our recent findings about the photoinduced electron dynamics at the chromophore-semiconductor interfaces from a time-domain ab initio perspective. The interface provides the foundation for a new, promising type of solar cell and presents a fundamentally important case study for several fields, including photo-, electro- and analytical chemistries, molecular electronics, and photography. Further, the interface offers a classic example of an interaction between an organic molecular species and an inorganic bulk material. Scientists employ different concepts and terminologies to describe molecular and solid states of matter, and these differences make it difficult to describe the interface with a single model. At the basic atomistic level of description, however, this challenge can be largely overcome. Recent advances in non-adiabatic molecular dynamics and time-domain density functional theory have created a unique opportunity for simulating the ultrafast, photoinduced processes on a computer very similar to the way that they occur in nature. These state-of-the-art theoretical tools offered a comprehensive picture of a variety of electron transfer processes that occur at the interface, including electron injection from the chromophore to the semiconductor, electron relaxation and delocalization inside the semiconductor, back-transfer of the electron to the chromophore and to the electrolyte, and regeneration of the neutral chromophore by the electrolyte. The ab initio time-domain modeling is particularly valuable for understanding these dynamic features of the ultrafast electron transfer processes, which cannot be represented by a simple rate description. We demonstrated using symmetry adapted cluster theory with configuration interaction (SAC-CI) that charging of small PbSe nanocrystals (NCs) greatly modifies their electronic states and optical excitations. Conduction and valence band transitions that are not available in neutral NCs dominate

Prezhdo, Oleg V.

2012-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

443

Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) on Mono-uranium Nitride Fuel Development for SSTAR and Space Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US National Energy Policy of 2001 advocated the development of advanced fuel and fuel cycle technologies that are cleaner, more efficient, less waste-intensive, and more proliferation resistant. The need for advanced fuel development is emphasized in on-going DOE-supported programs, e.g., Global Nuclear Energy Initiative (GNEI), Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI), and GEN-IV Technology Development. The Directorates of Energy & Environment (E&E) and Chemistry & Material Sciences (C&MS) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) are interested in advanced fuel research and manufacturing using its multi-disciplinary capability and facilities to support a design concept of a small, secure, transportable, and autonomous reactor (SSTAR). The E&E and C&MS Directorates co-sponsored this Laboratory Directed Research & Development (LDRD) Project on Mono-Uranium Nitride Fuel Development for SSTAR and Space Applications. In fact, three out of the six GEN-IV reactor concepts consider using the nitride-based fuel, as shown in Table 1. SSTAR is a liquid-metal cooled, fast reactor. It uses nitride fuel in a sealed reactor vessel that could be shipped to the user and returned to the supplier having never been opened in its long operating lifetime. This sealed reactor concept envisions no fuel refueling nor on-site storage of spent fuel, and as a result, can greatly enhance proliferation resistance. However, the requirement for a sealed, long-life core imposes great challenges to research and development of the nitride fuel and its cladding. Cladding is an important interface between the fuel and coolant and a barrier to prevent fission gas release during normal and accidental conditions. In fabricating the nitride fuel rods and assemblies, the cladding material should be selected based on its the coolant-side corrosion properties, the chemical/physical interaction with the nitride fuel, as well as their thermal and neutronic properties. The US NASA space reactor, the SP-100 was designed to use mono-uranium nitride fuel. Although the SP-100 reactor was not commissioned, tens of thousand of nitride fuel pellets were manufactured and lots of them, cladded in Nb-1-Zr had been irradiated in fast test reactors (FFTF and EBR-II) with good irradiation results. The Russian Naval submarines also use nitride fuel with stainless steel cladding (HT-9) in Pb-Bi coolant. Although the operating experience of the Russian submarine is not readily available, such combination of fuel, cladding and coolant has been proposed for a commercial-size liquid-metal cooled fast reactor (BREST-300). Uranium mono-nitride fuel is studied in this LDRD Project due to its favorable properties such as its high actinide density and high thermal conductivity. The thermal conductivity of mono-nitride is 10 times higher than that of oxide (23 W/m-K for UN vs. 2.3 W/m-K for UO{sub 2} at 1000 K) and its melting temperature is much higher than that of metal fuel (2630 C for UN vs. 1132 C for U metal). It also has relatively high actinide density, (13.51 gU/cm{sup 3} in UN vs. 9.66 gU/cm{sup 3} in UO{sub 2}) which is essential for a compact reactor core design. The objective of this LDRD Project is to: (1) Establish a manufacturing capability for uranium-based ceramic nuclear fuel, (2) Develop a computational capability to analyze nuclear fuel performance, (3) Develop a modified UN-based fuel that can support a compact long-life reactor core, and (4) Collaborate with the Nuclear Engineering Department of UC Berkeley on nitride fuel reprocessing and disposal in a geologic repository.

Choi, J; Ebbinghaus, B; Meiers, T; Ahn, J

2006-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

444

Aperture-Tolerant, Chemical-Based Methods to Reduce Channeling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This final technical progress report describes work performed from October 1, 2004, through May 16, 2007, for the project, 'Aperture-Tolerant, Chemical-Based Methods to Reduce Channeling'. We explored the potential of pore-filling gels for reducing excess water production from both fractured and unfractured production wells. Several gel formulations were identified that met the requirements--i.e., providing water residual resistance factors greater than 2,000 and ultimate oil residual resistance factors (F{sub rro}) of 2 or less. Significant oil throughput was required to achieve low F{sub rro} values, suggesting that gelant penetration into porous rock must be small (a few feet or less) for existing pore-filling gels to provide effective disproportionate permeability reduction. Compared with adsorbed polymers and weak gels, strong pore-filling gels can provide greater reliability and behavior that is insensitive to the initial rock permeability. Guidance is provided on where relative-permeability-modification/disproportionate-permeability-reduction treatments can be successfully applied for use in either oil or gas production wells. When properly designed and executed, these treatments can be successfully applied to a limited range of oilfield excessive-water-production problems. We examined whether gel rheology can explain behavior during extrusion through fractures. The rheology behavior of the gels tested showed a strong parallel to the results obtained from previous gel extrusion experiments. However, for a given aperture (fracture width or plate-plate separation), the pressure gradients measured during the gel extrusion experiments were much higher than anticipated from rheology measurements. Extensive experiments established that wall slip and first normal stress difference were not responsible for the pressure gradient discrepancy. To explain the discrepancy, we noted that the aperture for gel flow (for mobile gel wormholing through concentrated immobile gel within the fracture) was much narrower than the width of the fracture. The potential of various approaches were investigated for improving sweep in parts of the Daqing Oil Field that have been EOR targets. Possibilities included (1) gel treatments that are directed at channeling through fractures, (2) colloidal dispersion gels, (3) reduced polymer degradation, (4) more viscous polymer solutions, and (5) foams and other methods. Fractures were present in a number of Daqing wells (both injectors and producers). Because the fractures were narrow far from the wellbore, severe channeling did not occur. On the contrary, fractures near the wellbore aided reservoir sweep. In the February 2006 issue of the Journal of Petroleum Technology, a 'Distinguished-Author-Series' paper claimed that a process using aqueous colloidal dispersion gels (CDG gels) performed superior to polymer flooding. Unfortunately, this claim is misleading and generally incorrect. Colloidal dispersion gels, in their present state of technological development, should not be advocated as an improvement to, or substitute for, polymer flooding.

Randall S. Seright

2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

445

Phase I Water Rental Pilot Project : Snake River Resident Fish and Wildlife Resources and Management Recommendations.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Idaho Water Rental Pilot Project was implemented as a part of the Non-Treaty Storage Fish and Wildlife Agreement (NTSA) between Bonneville Power Administration and the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority. The goal of the project is to improve juvenile and adult salmon and steelhead passage in the lower Snake River with the use of rented water for flow augmentation. The primary purpose of this project is to summarize existing resource information and provide recommendations to protect or enhance resident fish and wildlife resources in Idaho with actions achieving flow augmentation for anadromous fish. Potential impacts of an annual flow augmentation program on Idaho reservoirs and streams are modeled. Potential sources of water for flow augmentation and operational or institutional constraints to the use of that water are identified. This report does not advocate flow augmentation as the preferred long-term recovery action for salmon. The state of Idaho strongly believes that annual drawdown of the four lower Snake reservoirs is critical to the long-term enhancement and recovery of salmon (Andrus 1990). Existing water level management includes balancing the needs of hydropower production, irrigated agriculture, municipalities and industries with fish, wildlife and recreation. Reservoir minimum pool maintenance, water quality and instream flows are issues of public concern that will be directly affected by the timing and quantity of water rental releases for salmon flow augmentation, The potential of renting water from Idaho rental pools for salmon flow augmentation is complicated by institutional impediments, competition from other water users, and dry year shortages. Water rental will contribute to a reduction in carryover storage in a series of dry years when salmon flow augmentation is most critical. Such a reduction in carryover can have negative impacts on reservoir fisheries by eliminating shoreline spawning beds, reducing available fish habitat, and exacerbating adverse water quality conditions. A reduction in carry over can lead to seasonal reductions in instream flows, which may also negatively affect fish, wildlife, and recreation in Idaho. The Idaho Water Rental Pilot Project does provide opportunities to protect and enhance resident fish and wildlife habitat by improving water quality and instream flows. Control of point sources, such as sewage and industrial discharges, alone will not achieve water quality goals in Idaho reservoirs and streams. Slow, continuous releases of rented water can increase and stabilize instream flows, increase available fish and wildlife habitat, decrease fish displacement, and improve water quality. Island integrity, requisite for waterfowl protection from mainland predators, can be maintained with improved timing of water releases. Rebuilding Snake River salmon and steelhead runs requires a cooperative commitment and increased flexibility in system operations to increase flow velocities for fish passage and migration. Idaho's resident fish and wildlife resources require judicious management and a willingness by all parties to liberate water supplies equitably.

Riggin, Stacey H.; Hansen, H. Jerome

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Human Factors for Situation Assessment in Grid Operations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Executive Summary Despite advances in technology, power system operators must assimilate overwhelming amounts of data to keep the grid operating. Analyses of recent blackouts have clearly demonstrated the need to enhance the operators situation awareness (SA). The long-term objective of this research is to integrate valuable technologies into the grid operator environment that support decision making under normal and abnormal operating conditions and remove non-technical barriers to enable the optimum use of these technologies by individuals working alone and as a team. More specifically, the research aims to identify methods and principles to increase SA of grid operators in the context of system conditions that are representative or common across many operating entities and develop operationally relevant experimental methods for studying technologies and operational practices which contribute to SA. With increasing complexity and interconnectivity of the grid, the scope and complexity of situation awareness have grown. New paradigms are needed to guide research and tool development aimed to enhance and improve operations. In reviewing related research, operating practices, systems, and tools, the present study established a taxonomy that provides a perspective on research and development surrounding power grid situation awareness and clarifies the field of human factors/SA for grid operations. Information sources that we used to identify critical factors underlying SA included interviews with experienced operational personnel, available historical summaries and transcripts of abnormal conditions and outages (e.g., the August 14, 2003 blackout), scientific literature, and operational policies/procedures and other documentation. Our analysis of August 2003 blackout transcripts and interviews adopted a different perspective than previous analyses of this material, and we complemented this analysis with additional interviews. Based on our analysis and a broad literature review, we advocate a new perspective on SA in terms of sensemaking, also called situated or ecological decision making, where the focus of the investigation is to understand why the decision maker(s) experienced the situation the way they did, or why what they saw made sense to them at the time. This perspective is distinct from the traditional branch of human factors research in the field which focuses more on ergonomics and the transactional relationship between the human operator and the systems. Consistent with our findings from the literature review, we recognized an over-arching need to focus SA research on issues surrounding the concept of shared knowledge; e.g., awareness of what is happening in adjacent areas as well as ones own area of responsibility. Major findings were: a) Inadequate communication/information sharing is pervasive, b) Information is available, but not used. Many tools and mechanisms exist for operators to build awareness of the physical grid system, yet the transcripts reveal that they still need to call and exchange information with operators of neighboring areas to improve or validate their SA. The specific types of information that they request are quite predictable and, in most cases, cover information that could be available to both operators and reliability coordinators through readily available displays or other data sources, c) Shared Knowledge is Required on Operations/Actions as Well as Physical Status. In an ideal, technologically and organizationally perfect world, every control room and every reliability coordinator may have access to complete data across all regional control areas and yet, there would still be reason for the operators to call each other to gain and improve their SA of power grid operations, and d) Situation Awareness as sensemaking and shared knowledge.

Guttromson, Ross T.; Schur, Anne; Greitzer, Frank L.; Paget, Mia L.

2007-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

447

Particle Physics in a Season of Change  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A digest of the authors opening remarks at the 2011 Hadron Collider Physics Symposium. I have chosen my title to reflect the transitions we are living through, in particle physics overall and in hadron collider physics in particular. Data-taking has ended at the Tevatron, with {approx} 12 fb{sup -1} of {bar p}p interactions delivered to CDF and D0 at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. The Large Hadron Collider has registered a spectacular first full-year run, with ATLAS and CMS seeing > 5 fb{sup -1}, LHCb recording {approx} 1 fb{sup -1}, and ALICE logging nearly 5 pb{sup -1} of pp data at {radical}s = 7 TeV, plus a healthy dose of Pb-Pb collisions. The transition to a new energy regime and new realms of instantaneous luminosity exceeding 3.5 x 10{sup 33} cm{sup -2} s{sup -1} has brought the advantage of enhanced physics reach and the challenge of pile-up reaching {approx} 15 interactions per beam crossing. I am happy to record that what the experiments have (not) found so far has roused some of my theoretical colleagues from years of complacency and stimulated them to think anew about what the TeV scale might hold. We theorists have had plenty of time to explore many proposals for electroweak symmetry breaking and for new physics that might lie beyond established knowledge. With so many different theoretical inventions in circulation, it is in the nature of things that most will be wrong. Keep in mind that we learn from what experiment tells us is not there, even if it is uncommon to throw a party for ruling something out. Some non-observations may be especially telling: the persistent absence of flavor-changing neutral currents, for example, seems to me more and more an important clue that we have not yet deciphered. It is natural that the search for the avatar of electroweak symmetry breaking preoccupies participants and spectators alike. But it is essential to conceive the physics opportunities before us in their full richness. I would advocate a three-fold approach: Explore, Search, Measure! The first phase of running at the LHC has brought us to two new lands - in proton-proton and lead-lead collisions - and we may well enter other new lands with each change of energy or increase of sensitivity. I believe that it will prove very rewarding to spend some time simply exploring each new landscape, without strong preconceptions, to learn what is there and, perhaps, to encounter interesting surprises. Directed searches, for which we have made extensive preparations, are of self-evident interest. Here the challenge will be to broaden the searches over time, so the searches are not too narrowly directed. Our very successful conception of particles and forces is highly idealized. We have a great opportunity to learn just how comprehensive is our network of understanding by making precise measurements and probing for weak spots, or finding more sweeping accord between theory and experiment.

Quigg, Chris

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

LANDS WITH WILDERNESS CHARACTERISTICS, RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PLAN CONSTRAINTS, AND LAND EXCHANGES: CROSS-JURISDICTIONAL MANAGEMENT AND IMPACTS ON UNCONVENTIONAL FUEL DEVELOPMENT IN UTAHS UINTA BASIN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utah is rich in oil shale and oil sands resources. Chief among the challenges facing prospective unconventional fuel developers is the ability to access these resources. Access is heavily dependent upon land ownership and applicable management requirements. Understanding constraints on resource access and the prospect of consolidating resource holdings across a fragmented management landscape is critical to understanding the role Utahs unconventional fuel resources may play in our nations energy policy. This Topical Report explains the historic roots of the crazy quilt of western land ownership, how current controversies over management of federal public land with wilderness character could impact access to unconventional fuels resources, and how land exchanges could improve management efficiency. Upon admission to the Union, the State of Utah received the right to title to more than one-ninth of all land within the newly formed state. This land is held in trust to support public schools and institutions, and is managed to generate revenue for trust beneficiaries. State trust lands are scattered across the state in mostly discontinuous 640-acre parcels, many of which are surrounded by federal land and too small to develop on their own. Where state trust lands are developable but surrounded by federal land, federal land management objectives can complicate state trust land development. The difficulty generating revenue from state trust lands can frustrate state and local government officials as well as citizens advocating for economic development. Likewise, the prospect of industrial development of inholdings within prized conservation landscapes creates management challenges for federal agencies. One major tension involves whether certain federal public lands possess wilderness character, and if so, whether management of those lands should emphasize wilderness values over other uses. On December 22, 2010, Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar issued Secretarial Order 3310, Protecting Wilderness Characteristics on Lands Managed by the Bureau of Land Management. Supporters argue that the Order merely provides guidance regarding implementation of existing legal obligations without creating new rights or duties. Opponents describe Order 3310 as subverting congressional authority to designate Wilderness Areas and as closing millions of acres of public lands to energy development and commodity production. While opponents succeeded in temporarily defunding the Orders implementation and forcing the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) to adopt a more collaborative approach, the fundamental questions remain: Which federal public lands possess wilderness characteristics and how should those lands be managed? The closely related question is: How might management of such resources impact unconventional fuel development within Utah? These questions remain pressing independent of the Order because the BLM, which manages the majority of federal land in Utah, is statutorily obligated to maintain an up-to-date inventory of federal public lands and the resources they contain, including lands with wilderness characteristics. The BLM is also legally obligated to develop and periodically update land use plans, relying on information obtained in its public lands inventory. The BLM cannot sidestep these hard choices, and failure to consider wilderness characteristics during the planning process will derail the planning effort. Based on an analysis of the most recent inventory data, lands with wilderness characteristics whether already subject to mandatory protection under the Wilderness Act, subject to discretionary protections as part of BLM Resource Management Plan revisions, or potentially subject to new protections under Order 3310 are unlikely to profoundly impact oil shale development within Utahs Uinta Basin. Lands with wilderness characteristics are likely to v have a greater impact on oil sands resources, particularly those resources found in the southern part of the state. Management requirements independent of l

Keiter, Robert; Ruple, John; Holt, Rebecca; Tanana, Heather; McNeally, Phoebe; Tribby, Clavin

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

FY-09 Summary Report to the Office of Petroleum Reserves on the Western Energy Corridor Initiative Activities and Accomplishments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To meet its programmatic obligations under the Energy Policy Act of 2005, the Office of Naval Petroleum and Shale Oil Reserves (NPSOR) has initiated the Western Energy Corridor Initiative (WECI). The WECI will implement the Unconventional Strategic Fuels Task Force recommendations for accelerating and promoting the development of domestic unconventional fuels to help meet the nations energy needs. The mission of the WECI is to bolster Americas future fuel security by facilitating socially and environmentally responsible development of unconventional fuels resources in the Western Energy Corridor, using sound engineering principles and science-based methods to define and assess benefits, impacts, uncertainties, and mitigation options and to resolve impediments. The Task Force proposed a three-year program in its commercialization plan. The work described herein represents work performed by Idaho National Laboratory (INL) in support of the DOEs WECI. This effort represents an interim phase of work, designed to initiate only select portions of the initiative, limited by available funding resources within NPOSR. Specifically, the work presented here addresses what was accomplished in FY-09 with the remaining carryover (~$420K) from NPOSR FY-08 funds. It was the intent of the NPOSR program to seek additional funding for full implementation of the full scope of work; however, the original tasks were reduced in scope, terminated, or eliminated (as noted below). An effort is ongoing to obtain funding to continue the tasks initiated under this project. This study will focus on the integrated development of multiple energy resources in a carbon-neutral and environmentally acceptable manner. Emphasis will be placed on analyses of the interrelationships of various energy-resource development plans and the infrastructure, employment, training, fiscal, and economic demands placed on the region as a result of various development scenarios. The interactions at build-out during the design, permitting, and construction of individual and multiple energy developments are not fully considered at the local, state, regional, or national levels. The net impacts to the Western Energy Corridor cannot be understood and the design optimized under the current approach. A regional development plan is needed to model cumulative impacts, determine the carrying capacity of the basin, and provide valuable technically based information to both skeptics and advocates. The INL scope of work for FY-09 involved six tasks: 1. Evaluation of the ASPEN Code as a dynamic systems model for application and use under the WECI and communications with Alberta Oil Sands Research Institutions as an analog resource development in the Western Energy Corridor 2. Application of the Aspen Plus computer model to several oil shale processes to consider energy balances and inputs and outputs (e.g. water consumption, CO2 production, etc.) 3. Development of a regulatory roadmap for oil shale developments 4. Defining of the physiographic extent of the natural resource reserves that comprise the Western Energy Corridor 5. A review of the Unconventional Fuels Task Force Report to Congress for ideas, concepts and recommendations that crosscutting plans 6. Program development with stakeholders, including industry, academics, state and federal agencies, and non government organizations. This task also includes project management, strategic development and reporting.

Thomas R. Wood

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Techno-Economic Analysis of Indian Draft Standard Levels for RoomAir Conditioners  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Indian Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) finalized its first set of efficiency standards and labels for room air conditioners in July of 2006. These regulations followed soon after the publication of levels for frost-free refrigerators in the same year. As in the case of refrigerators, the air conditioner program introduces Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards (MEPS) and comparative labels simultaneously, with levels for one to five stars. Also like the refrigerator program, BEE defined several successive program phases of increasing stringency. In support of BEE's refrigerator program, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) produced an analysis of national impacts of standards in collaboration with the Collaborative Labeling and Standards Program (CLASP). That analysis drew on LBNL's experience with standards programs in the United States, as well as many other countries. Subsequently, as part of the process for setting optimal levels for air conditioner regulations, CLASP commissioned LBNL to provide support to BEE in the form of a techno-economic evaluation of air conditioner efficiency technologies. This report describes the methodology and results of this techno-economic evaluation. The analysis consists of three components: (1) Cost effectiveness to consumers of efficiency technologies relative to current baseline. (2) Impacts on the current market from efficiency regulations. (3) National energy and financial impacts. The analysis relied on detailed and up-to-date technical data made available by BEE and industry representatives. Technical parameters were used in conjunction with knowledge about air conditioner use patterns in the residential and commercial sectors, and prevailing marginal electricity prices, in order to give an estimate of per-unit financial impacts. In addition, the overall impact of the program was evaluated by combining unit savings with market forecasts in order to yield national impacts. LBNL presented preliminary results of these analyses in May 2006, at a meeting of BEEs Technical Committee for Air Conditioners. This meeting was attended by a wide array of stakeholder, including industry representatives, engineers and consumer advocates. Comments made by stakeholders at this meeting are incorporated into the final analysis presented in this report. The current analysis begins with the Rating Plan drafted by BEE in 2006, along with an evaluation of the market baseline according to test data submitted by manufacturers. MEPS, label rating levels, and baseline efficiencies are presented in Section 2. First, we compare Indian MEPS with current standards in other countries, and assess their relative stringency. Baseline efficiencies are then used to estimate the fraction of models likely to remain on the market at each phase of the program, and the impact on market-weighted efficiency levels. Section 3 deals with cost-effectiveness of higher efficiency design options. The cost-benefit analysis is grounded in technical parameters provided by industry representatives in India. This data allows for an assessment of financial costs and benefits to consumers as a result of the standards and labeling program. A Life-Cycle Cost (LCC) calculation is used to evaluate the impacts of the program at the unit level, thus providing some insight into the appropriateness of the levels chosen, and additional opportunities for further ratcheting. In addition to LCC, we also calculate payback periods, cost of conserved energy (CCE), and return on investment (ROI). Finally, Section 4 covers national impacts. This is an extension of unit level estimates in the two previous sections. Extrapolation to the national level depends on a forecast of air conditioner purchases (shipments), which we describe here. Following the cost-benefit analysis, we construct several efficiency scenarios including the BEE plan, but also considering further potential for efficiency improvement. These are combined with shipments through a stock accounting model in order to forecast air conditioner energy consumption in each sc

McNeil, Michael A.; Iyer, Maithili

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

The coming revolution in particle physics: Report of the Fermilab Long Range Planning Committee  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In early 2003, the Fermilab Director formed a committee (Appendix A) to examine options for the long-range future of Fermilab. Specifically, the committee was asked to respond to a charge (Appendix B), which laid out the assumptions, which were to underlie our discussions. The committee met a few times during the spring of 2003 and formulated a plan of action. It identified a number of issues that deserved attention, and a subcommittee was formed to focus on each. We agreed that in addressing these key issues, a broader participation was appropriate. The manner in which that was achieved varied from subcommittee to subcommittee to group. In some cases the expanded membership participated in all the discussions, in others, particular presentations were solicited and heard. Some subgroups met regularly over several months, others convened only for a small number of discussions. We have attempted to list participants in Appendix C. General presentations indicating the purpose of the work were given, for example at the Fermilab Users Annual Meeting. Towards the end of the summer some sense of direction developed and a series of open meetings was organized by the different subgroups. These meetings of two and more hour's duration gave the broader laboratory and user community a further chance to react to perceived directions and to make their opinions known. They were extremely well attended. In all, nearly 100 people have participated in the process including the development of initial drafts and proto-recommendations. A larger number attended the various open sessions. It is therefore likely, even expected, that the general thrusts of this report are no surprise. Nevertheless, the committee met in a number of plenary closed sessions including a two-day retreat in which all the issues were discussed and a common view was developed. The Director and Deputy Director heard and interacted with the discussions in most of these meetings. In attempting to converge, we have written the individual chapters from a slightly advocative point of view. In the final discussions and editing, we have attempted some damping. Nevertheless, if all recommendations were accepted, all positive options pursued, any reasonable budget would be exceeded. We have balanced this bottom up approach with a top down development. We tried to extract the essence and to provide a couple of balanced options based on the discussions at the retreat. Healthy, lively, and vigorous exchanges ensued which resulted in multiple rewrites and culminated in the Executive Summary for this document. It is there that you should find the most concise product of this process. In preparing the report, we did consider the potential availability of resources. We have devoted a chapter of the report to discuss the limitations of our efforts. It should be recognized that there are large variances among the public opinions about costs of large elements of the program such as the Linear Collider, or even the Proton Driver. The evolution of the laboratory budget is also very uncertain and depends on many things such as the success in physics terms of the current program. We have therefore taken a relatively optimistic point of view in achieving balance. It is in this sense that the report provides options. At any point in time, the Fermilab Director will need to make choices among the options; we hope that the broad thrusts, which we call out, will be helpful. In the remainder of the report we use chapter 2 to describe the Physics Landscape 2010-2020, which is the basis for what we would like to see happen. In chapter 3 we discuss the Linear Collider, which will be a major component of the laboratory program under any scenario and, if constructed nearby, a dominant one. In chapter 4 we describe a vigorous but evolutionary program to address the key neutrino physics areas, and in chapter 5 we discuss attractive initiatives, which would provide the necessary powerful source of protons and, hence, neutrinos for this program. A strong participation in the machine, the experiment (CMS), an

Jeff Appel et al.

2004-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

452

The Challenge for Arms Control Verification in the Post-New START World  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear weapon arms control treaty verification is a key aspect of any agreement between signatories to establish that the terms and conditions spelled out in the treaty are being met. Historically, arms control negotiations have focused more on the rules and protocols for reducing the numbers of warheads and delivery systems - sometimes resorting to complex and arcane procedures for counting forces - in an attempt to address perceived or real imbalances in a nation's strategic posture that could lead to instability. Verification procedures are generally defined in arms control treaties and supporting documents and tend to focus on technical means and measures designed to ensure that a country is following the terms of the treaty and that it is not liable to engage in deception or outright cheating in an attempt to circumvent the spirit and the letter of the agreement. As the Obama Administration implements the articles, terms, and conditions of the recently ratified and entered-into-force New START treaty, there are already efforts within and outside of government to move well below the specified New START levels of 1550 warheads, 700 deployed strategic delivery vehicles, and 800 deployed and nondeployed strategic launchers (Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) silos, Submarine-Launched Ballistic Missile (SLBM) tubes on submarines, and bombers). A number of articles and opinion pieces have appeared that advocate for significantly deeper cuts in the U.S. nuclear stockpile, with some suggesting that unilateral reductions on the part of the U.S. would help coax Russia and others to follow our lead. Papers and studies prepared for the U.S. Department of Defense and at the U.S. Air War College have also been published, suggesting that nuclear forces totaling no more than about 300 warheads would be sufficient to meet U.S. national security and deterrence needs. (Davis 2011, Schaub and Forsyth 2010) Recent articles by James M. Acton and others suggest that the prospects for maintaining U.S. security and minimizing the chances of nuclear war, while deliberately reducing stockpiles to a few hundred weapons, is possible but not without risk. While the question of the appropriate level of cuts to U.S. nuclear forces is being actively debated, a key issue continues to be whether verification procedures are strong enough to ensure that both the U.S. and Russia are fulfilling their obligations under the current New Start treaty and any future arms reduction treaties. A recent opinion piece by Henry Kissinger and Brent Scowcroft (2012) raised a number of issues with respect to governing a policy to enhance strategic stability, including: in deciding on force levels and lower numbers, verification is crucial. Particularly important is a determination of what level of uncertainty threatens the calculation of stability. At present, that level is well within the capabilities of the existing verification systems. We must be certain that projected levels maintain - and when possible, reinforce - that confidence. The strengths and weaknesses of the New START verification regime should inform and give rise to stronger regimes for future arms control agreements. These future arms control agreements will likely need to include other nuclear weapons states and so any verification regime will need to be acceptable to all parties. Currently, China is considered the most challenging party to include in any future arms control agreement and China's willingness to enter into verification regimes such as those implemented in New START may only be possible when it feels it has reached nuclear parity with the U.S. and Russia. Similarly, in keeping with its goals of reaching peer status with the U.S. and Russia, Frieman (2004) suggests that China would be more willing to accept internationally accepted and applied verification regimes rather than bilateral ones. The current verification protocols specified in the New START treaty are considered as the baseline case and are contrasted with possible alternative verification protocols that could be e

Wuest, C R

2012-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

453

Teuchos C++ memory management classes, idioms, and related topics, the complete reference : a comprehensive strategy for safe and efficient memory management in C++ for high performance computing.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ubiquitous use of raw pointers in higher-level code is the primary cause of all memory usage problems and memory leaks in C++ programs. This paper describes what might be considered a radical approach to the problem which is to encapsulate the use of all raw pointers and all raw calls to new and delete in higher-level C++ code. Instead, a set of cooperating template classes developed in the Trilinos package Teuchos are used to encapsulate every use of raw C++ pointers in every use case where it appears in high-level code. Included in the set of memory management classes is the typical reference-counted smart pointer class similar to boost::shared ptr (and therefore C++0x std::shared ptr). However, what is missing in boost and the new standard library are non-reference counted classes for remaining use cases where raw C++ pointers would need to be used. These classes have a debug build mode where nearly all programmer errors are caught and gracefully reported at runtime. The default optimized build mode strips all runtime checks and allows the code to perform as efficiently as raw C++ pointers with reasonable usage. Also included is a novel approach for dealing with the circular references problem that imparts little extra overhead and is almost completely invisible to most of the code (unlike the boost and therefore C++0x approach). Rather than being a radical approach, encapsulating all raw C++ pointers is simply the logical progression of a trend in the C++ development and standards community that started with std::auto ptr and is continued (but not finished) with std::shared ptr in C++0x. Using the Teuchos reference-counted memory management classes allows one to remove unnecessary constraints in the use of objects by removing arbitrary lifetime ordering constraints which are a type of unnecessary coupling [23]. The code one writes with these classes will be more likely to be correct on first writing, will be less likely to contain silent (but deadly) memory usage errors, and will be much more robust to later refactoring and maintenance. The level of debug-mode runtime checking provided by the Teuchos memory management classes is stronger in many respects than what is provided by memory checking tools like Valgrind and Purify while being much less expensive. However, tools like Valgrind and Purify perform a number of types of checks (like usage of uninitialized memory) that makes these tools very valuable and therefore complement the Teuchos memory management debug-mode runtime checking. The Teuchos memory management classes and idioms largely address the technical issues in resolving the fragile built-in C++ memory management model (with the exception of circular references which has no easy solution but can be managed as discussed). All that remains is to teach these classes and idioms and expand their usage in C++ codes. The long-term viability of C++ as a usable and productive language depends on it. Otherwise, if C++ is no safer than C, then is the greater complexity of C++ worth what one gets as extra features? Given that C is smaller and easier to learn than C++ and since most programmers don't know object-orientation (or templates or X, Y, and Z features of C++) all that well anyway, then what really are most programmers getting extra out of C++ that would outweigh the extra complexity of C++ over C? C++ zealots will argue this point but the reality is that C++ popularity has peaked and is becoming less popular while the popularity of C has remained fairly stable over the last decade22. Idioms like are advocated in this paper can help to avert this trend but it will require wide community buy-in and a change in the way C++ is taught in order to have the greatest impact. To make these programs more secure, compiler vendors or static analysis tools (e.g. klocwork23) could implement a preprocessor-like language similar to OpenMP24 that would allow the programmer to declare (in comments) that certain blocks of code should be ''pointer-free'' or allow smaller blocks to be 'pointers allowed'. This would signific

Bartlett, Roscoe Ainsworth

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z