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1

Secretary Chu Announces Determination of No Adverse Material Impact for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination of No Adverse Material Impact Determination of No Adverse Material Impact for Uranium Transfer to Fund Portsmouth Cleanup Secretary Chu Announces Determination of No Adverse Material Impact for Uranium Transfer to Fund Portsmouth Cleanup March 2, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - Secretary of Energy Steven Chu announced today that the Department of Energy has issued a determination and market impact analysis authorizing uranium transfers to fund accelerated cleanup activities at the Portsmouth Site in Piketon, Ohio, through the third quarter of calendar year 2013. The Determination finds that the proposed transfer of uranium will not have an adverse material impact on the domestic uranium industries. The determination authorizes the Department to conduct transfers on a quarterly basis, with no more than 450 metric tons (MTU) of natural uranium

2

Secretary Chu Announces Determination of No Adverse Material Impact for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination of No Adverse Material Impact Determination of No Adverse Material Impact for Uranium Transfer to Fund Portsmouth Cleanup Secretary Chu Announces Determination of No Adverse Material Impact for Uranium Transfer to Fund Portsmouth Cleanup March 2, 2012 - 4:30pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - Secretary of Energy Steven Chu announced today that the Department of Energy has issued a determination and market impact analysis authorizing uranium transfers to fund accelerated cleanup activities at the Portsmouth Site in Piketon, Ohio, through the third quarter of calendar year 2013. The Determination finds that the proposed transfer of uranium will not have an adverse material impact on the domestic uranium industries. The determination authorizes the Department to conduct transfers on a quarterly basis, with no more than 450 metric tons (MTU) of natural uranium

3

Secretary Chu Announces Determination of No Adverse Material Impact for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination of No Adverse Material Impact Determination of No Adverse Material Impact for Uranium Transfer to Fund Portsmouth Cleanup Secretary Chu Announces Determination of No Adverse Material Impact for Uranium Transfer to Fund Portsmouth Cleanup November 12, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - Secretary Chu announced today that the Department of Energy has issued a final determination and market impact study for the proposed uranium transfer to fund accelerated cleanup activities at the Portsmouth Site in Piketon, Ohio, which will create between 800 to 1,000 new jobs for the community. The market review and determination confirms that the proposed transfer of uranium will not have an adverse material impact on the domestic uranium industries. Under the determination, DOE's Office of Environmental Management will be

4

Secretary Chu Announces Determination of No Adverse Material Impact for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secretary Chu Announces Determination of No Adverse Material Impact Secretary Chu Announces Determination of No Adverse Material Impact for Uranium Transfer to Fund Portsmouth Cleanup Secretary Chu Announces Determination of No Adverse Material Impact for Uranium Transfer to Fund Portsmouth Cleanup November 12, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - Secretary Chu announced today that the Department of Energy has issued a final determination and market impact study for the proposed uranium transfer to fund accelerated cleanup activities at the Portsmouth Site in Piketon, Ohio, which will create between 800 to 1,000 new jobs for the community. The market review and determination confirms that the proposed transfer of uranium will not have an adverse material impact on the domestic uranium industries. Under the determination, DOE's Office of Environmental Management will be

5

Secretary Chu Announces Determination of No Adverse Material Impact for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

November 12, 2009 - 1:17pm November 12, 2009 - 1:17pm Addthis Secretary Chu announced today that the Department of Energy has issued a final determination and market impact study for the proposed uranium transfer to fund accelerated cleanup activities at the Portsmouth Site in Piketon, Ohio, which will create between 800 to 1,000 new jobs for the community. The market review and determination confirms that the proposed transfer of uranium will not have an adverse material impact on the domestic uranium industries. Under the determination, DOE's Office of Environmental Management will be able to transfer as much as 300 metric tons of uranium per quarter in calendar years 2009 and 2010 for cleanup at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant, so long as the total transfer during that period does not

6

Environmental impact of various kayak core materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis compares the environmental impact of fiberglass, Kevlar, carbon fiber, and cork. A kayak company is interested in using cork as a core material, and would like to claim that it is the most environmentally ...

Kirkland, David R. (David Roger)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Ice Ball Impact Testing of Roofing Materials - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2010. Symposium, Failure Analysis and Prevention. Presentation Title, Ice Ball Impact Testing of ...

8

Materials and society -- Impacts and responsibilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The needs of today`s advanced societies have moved well beyond the requirements for food and shelter, etc., and now are focused on such concerns as international peace and domestic security, affordable health care, the swift and secure transmission of information, the conservation of resources, and a clean environment. Progress in materials science and engineering is impacting each of these concerns. This paper will present some examples of how this is occurring, and then comment on ethical dilemmas that can arise as a consequence of technological advances. The need for engineers to participate more fully in the development of public policies that help resolve such dilemmas, and so promote the benefits of advancing technology to society, will be discussed.

Westwood, A.R.C.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Impact of Heat Transfer Media on Materials for Concentrated Solar ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Impact of Heat Transfer Media on Materials for Concentrated Solar Power. Author(s), Dane Wilson. On-Site Speaker (Planned), Dane Wilson.

10

Phase Change Materials and Their Impact on the Thermal ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Phase Change Materials and Their Impact on the Thermal Performance of Buildings. Author(s), Marsha S. Bischel, William H Frantz. On-Site

11

Lighweight Materials for the Automotive: Environmental Impact ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An extensive life cycle analysis for a reference car design was conducted to study ... Materialization of Manganese by Selective Precipitation from Used Battery.

12

Nanotechnology: Small Materials Making a Big Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nanotechnology: Small Materials Making a Big Impact Nanotechnology: Small Materials Making a Big Impact Nanotechnology: Small Materials Making a Big Impact December 14, 2010 - 12:35pm Addthis John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs This past Thursday, Secretary Chu delivered remarks to the Nanotechnology Innovation Summit in National Harbor, Maryland on how breakthroughs in nanotechnology are poised to transform the energy landscape. According to the National Nanotechnology Initiative, "Nanotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at dimensions between approximately 1 and 100 nanometers, where unique phenomena enable novel applications. Encompassing nanoscale science, engineering, and technology, nanotechnology involves imaging, measuring, modeling, and manipulating matter at this

13

Nanotechnology: Small Materials Making a Big Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nanotechnology: Small Materials Making a Big Impact Nanotechnology: Small Materials Making a Big Impact Nanotechnology: Small Materials Making a Big Impact December 14, 2010 - 12:35pm Addthis John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs This past Thursday, Secretary Chu delivered remarks to the Nanotechnology Innovation Summit in National Harbor, Maryland on how breakthroughs in nanotechnology are poised to transform the energy landscape. According to the National Nanotechnology Initiative, "Nanotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at dimensions between approximately 1 and 100 nanometers, where unique phenomena enable novel applications. Encompassing nanoscale science, engineering, and technology, nanotechnology involves imaging, measuring, modeling, and manipulating matter at this

14

Material impacts on operational energy usage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decisions regarding materials and construction of a building are made all the time in the architectural process, but thought is not always given to how those choices may affect the buildings ultimate energy usage and the ...

Love, Andrea, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Impact Testing of Stainless Steel Material at Cold Temperatures  

SciTech Connect

Stainless steels are used for the construction of numerous spent nuclear fuel or radioactive material containers that may be subjected to high strains and moderate strain rates during accidental drop events. Mechanical characteristics of these base materials and their welds under dynamic loads in the strain rate range of concern are not well documented. However, a previous paper [1] reported on impact testing and analysis results performed at the Idaho National Laboratory using 304/304L and 316/316L stainless steel base material specimens at room and elevated temperatures. The goal of the work presented herein is to add recently completed impact tensile testing results at -20 degrees F conditions for dual-marked 304/304L and 316/316L stainless steel material specimens (hereafter referred to as 304L and 316L, respectively). Recently completed welded material impact testing at -20 degrees F, room, 300 degrees F, and 600 degrees F is also reported. Utilizing a drop-weight impact test machine and 1/4-inch to 1/2-inch thick dog-bone shaped test specimens, the impact tests achieved strain rates in the 4 to 40 per second range, depending upon the material temperature. Elevated true stress-strain curves for these materials reflecting varying strain rates and temperatures are presented herein.

Spencer D. Snow; D. Keith Morton; Robert K. Blandford

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Risk time-window specification and its impact on the assessment of medication-related adverse events.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Post-marketing studies using medical administrative databases are often conducted to assess medication-related adverse events (AE). The determination of the risk time-window, defined as the period… (more)

Cournoyer, Daniel.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Particle impact damping: influence of material and size  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this study, particle impact damping is measured for a cantilever beam with a particle-filled enclosure attached to its free end. Many particle materials are tested: lead spheres, steel spheres, glass spheres, tungsten carbide pellets, lead dust, steel dust, and sand. The effects of particle size are also investigated. Particle diameters are varied from about 0.2 mm to 3 mm. The experimental data collected is offered as a resourceful database for future development of an analytical model of particle impact damping.

Marhadi, Kun Saptohartyadi

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Modeling the dynamic crush of impact mitigating materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Crushable materials are commonly utilized in the design of structural components to absorb energy and mitigate shock during the dynamic impact of a complex structure, such as an automobile chassis or drum-type shipping container. The development and application of several finite-element material models which have been developed at various times at LLNL for DYNA3D will be discussed. Between the models, they are able to account for several of the predominant mechanisms which typically influence the dynamic mechanical behavior of crushable materials. One issue we addressed was that no single existing model would account for the entire gambit of constitutive features which are important for crushable materials. Thus, we describe the implementation and use of an additional material model which attempts to provide a more comprehensive model of the mechanics of crushable material behavior. This model combines features of the pre-existing DYNA models and incorporates some new features as well in an invariant large-strain formulation. In addition to examining the behavior of a unit cell in uniaxial compression, two cases were chosen to evaluate the capabilities and accuracy of the various material models in DYNA. In the first case, a model for foam filled box beams was developed and compared to test data from a 4-point bend test. The model was subsequently used to study its effectiveness in energy absorption in an aluminum extrusion, spaceframe, vehicle chassis. The second case examined the response of the AT-400A shipping container and the performance of the overpack material during accident environments selected from 10CFR71 and IAEA regulations.

Logan, R.W.; McMichael, L.D.

1995-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

19

EFFECT OF IMPACT LIMITER MATERIAL DEGRATION ON STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY OF 9975 PACKAGE SUBJECTED TO TWO FORKLIFT TRUCK IMPACT  

SciTech Connect

This paper evaluates the effect of the impact limiter material degradation on the structural integrity of the 9975 package containment vessel during a postulated accident event of forklift truck collision. The analytical results show that the primary and secondary containment vessels remain structurally intact for Celotex material degraded to 20% of the baseline value.

Wu, T

2007-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

20

Human-Centered Systems Analysis of Aircraft Separation from Adverse Weather  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adverse weather significantly impacts the safety and efficiency of flight operations. Weather information

Vigeant-Langlois, Laurence

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "adverse material impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

IMPACT OF NUCLEAR MATERIAL DISSOLUTION ON VESSEL CORROSION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Different nuclear materials require different processing conditions. In order to maximize the dissolver vessel lifetime, corrosion testing was conducted for a range of chemistries and temperature used in fuel dissolution. Compositional ranges of elements regularly in the dissolver were evaluated for corrosion of 304L, the material of construction. Corrosion rates of AISI Type 304 stainless steel coupons, both welded and non-welded coupons, were calculated from measured weight losses and post-test concentrations of soluble Fe, Cr and Ni.

Mickalonis, J.; Dunn, K.; Clifton, B.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Liquid impact erosion mechanism and theoretical impact stress analysis in TiN-coated steam turbine blade materials  

SciTech Connect

Coating of TiN film was done by reactive magnetron sputter ion plating to improve the liquid impact erosion resistance of steam turbine blade materials, 12Cr steel and Stellite 6B, for nuclear power plant application. TiN-coated blade materials were initially deformed with depressions due to plastic deformation of the ductile substrate. The increase in the curvature in the depressions induced stress concentration with increasing number of impacts, followed by circumferential fracture of the TiN coating due to the circular propagation of cracks. The liquid impact erosion resistance of the blade materials was greatly improved by TiN coating done with the optimum ion plating condition. Damage decreased with increasing TiN coating thickness. According to the theoretical analysis of stresses generated by liquid impact, TiN coating alleviated the impact stress of 12Cr steel and Stellite 6B due to stress attenuation and stress wave reactions such as reflection and transmission at the coating-substrate interface.

Lee, M.K.; Kim, W.W.; Rhee, C.K.; Lee, W.J. [Korea Advanced Inst. of Science and Technology, Taejon (Korea, Republic of). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Theory and experiments characterizing hypervelocity impact plasmas on biased spacecraft materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Space weather including solar activity and background plasma sets up spacecraft conditions that can magnify the threat from hypervelocity impacts. Hypervelocity impactors include both meteoroids, traveling between 11 and 72 km/s, and orbital debris, with typical impact speeds of 10 km/s. When an impactor encounters a spacecraft, its kinetic energy is converted over a very short timescale into energy of vaporization and ionization, resulting in a small, dense plasma. This plasma can produce radio frequency (RF) emission, causing electrical anomalies within the spacecraft. In order to study this phenomenon, we conducted ground-based experiments to study hypervelocity impact plasmas using a Van de Graaff dust accelerator. Iron projectiles ranging from 10{sup -16} g to 10{sup -11} g were fired at speeds of up to 70 km/s into a variety of target materials under a range of surface charging conditions representative of space weather effects. Impact plasmas associated with bare metal targets as well as spacecraft materials were studied. Plasma expansion models were developed to determine the composition and temperature of the impact plasma, shedding light on the plasma dynamics that can lead to spacecraft electrical anomalies. The dependence of these plasma properties on target material, impact speed, and surface charge was analyzed. Our work includes three major results. First, the initial temperature of the impact plasma is at least an order of magnitude lower than previously reported, providing conditions more favorable for sustained RF emission. Second, the composition of impact plasmas from glass targets, unlike that of impact plasmas from tungsten, has low dependence on impact speed, indicating a charge production mechanism that is significant down to orbital debris speeds. Finally, negative ion formation has a strong dependence on target material. These new results can inform the design and operation of spacecraft in order to mitigate future impact-related space weather anomalies and failures.

Lee, Nicolas; Close, Sigrid; Goel, Ashish; Johnson, Theresa [Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Lauben, David; Linscott, Ivan; Strauss, David [Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Bugiel, Sebastian; Mocker, Anna; Srama, Ralf [Institut fuer Raumfahrtsysteme, Universitaet Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 31, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

24

Impact Testing of Stainless Steel Material at Room and Elevated Temperatures  

SciTech Connect

Stainless steels are used for the construction of numerous spent nuclear fuel or radioactive material containers that may be subjected to high strains and moderate strain rates during accidental drop events. Mechanical characteristics of these base materials and their welds under dynamic loads in the strain rate range of concern are not well documented. However, three previous papers [1, 2, 3] reported on impact testing and analysis results performed at the Idaho National Laboratory using 304/304L and 316/316L stainless steel base material specimens that began the investigation of these characteristics. The goal of the work presented herein is to add the results of additional tensile impact testing for 304/304L and 316/316L stainless steel material specimens. Utilizing a drop-weight impact test machine and 1/4-inch to 1/2-inch thick dog-bone shaped test specimens, additional tests achieved target strain rates of 5, 10, and 22 per second at room temperature, 300, and 600 degrees Fahrenheit. Elevated true stress-strain curves for these materials at each designated strain rate and temperature are presented herein.

Dana K. Morton; Spencer D. Snow; Tom E. Rahl; Robert K. Blandford

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Comparison of environmental impacts of steel and concrete as building materials using the Life Cycle Assessment method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the United States, the construction industry accounts for almost 75% of total raw material used. This is an obvious drain on natural resources and has a major impact on the surrounding environment. Construction materials ...

Johnson, Timothy Werner

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

APPLICATION OF POLYURETHANE FOAM FOR IMPACT ABSORPTION AND THERMAL INSULATION FOR GENERAL PURPOSE RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS PACKAGINGS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Polyurethane foam has been employed in impact limiters for large radioactive materials packagings since the early 1980's. Its consistent crush response, controllable structural properties and excellent thermal insulating characteristics have made it attractive as replacement for the widely used cane fiberboard for smaller, drum size packagings. Accordingly, polyurethane foam was chosen for the overpack material for the 9977 and 9978 packagings. The study reported here was undertaken to provide data to support the analyses performed as part of the development of the 9977 and 9978, and compared property values reported in the literature with published property values and test results for foam specimens taken from a prototype 9977 packaging. The study confirmed that, polyurethane foam behaves in a predictable and consistent manner and fully satisfies the functional requirements for impact absorption and thermal insulation.

Smith, A; Glenn Abramczyk, G; Paul Blanton, P; Steve Bellamy, S; William Daugherty, W; Sharon Williamson, S

2009-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

27

Environmental, economic, and energy impacts of material recovery facilities. A MITE Program evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents an evaluation of the environmental, economic, and energy impacts of material recovery facilities (MRFs) conducted under the Municipal Solid Waste Innovative Technology Evaluation (MITE) Program. The MITE Program is sponsored by the US Environmental Protection Agency to foster the demonstration and development of innovative technologies for the management of municipal solid waste (MSW). This project was also funded by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Material recovery facilities are increasingly being used as one option for managing a significant portion of municipal solid waste (MSW). The owners and operators of these facilities employ a combination of manual and mechanical techniques to separate and sort the recyclable fraction of MSW and to transport the separated materials to recycling facilities.

NONE

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

APPLICATION OF POLYURETHANE FOAM FOR IMPACT ABSORPTION AND THERMAL INSULATION FOR RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS PACKAGINGS.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Polyurethane foam has been widely used as an impact absorbing and thermal insulating material for large radioactive materials packages, since the 1980's. With the adoption of the regulatory crush test requirement, for smaller packages, polyurethane foam has been adopted as a replacement for cane fiberboard, because of its ability to withstand the crush test. Polyurethane foam is an engineered material whose composition is much more closely controlled than that of cane fiberboard. In addition, the properties of the foam can be controlled by controlling the density of the foam. The conditions under which the foam is formed, whether confined or unconfined have an affect on foam properties. The study reported here reviewed the application of polyurethane foam in RAM packagings and compared property values reported in the literature with published property values and test results for foam specimens taken from a prototype 9977 packaging. The study confirmed that, polyurethane foam behaves in a predictable and consistent manner and fully satisfies the functional requirements for impact absorption and thermal insulation.

Smith, A; Glenn Abramczyk, G; Paul Blanton, P; Steve Bellamy, S; William Daugherty, W; Sharon Williamson, S

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

29

Gas-Mediated Impact Dynamics in Fine-Grained Granular Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-cohesive granular media exhibit complex responses to sudden impact that often differ from those of ordinary solids and liquids. We investigate how this response is mediated by the presence of interstitial gas between the grains. Using high-speed x-ray radiography we track the motion of a steel sphere through the interior of a bed of fine, loose granular material. We find a crossover from nearly incompressible, fluid-like behavior at atmospheric pressure to a highly compressible, dissipative response once most of the gas is evacuated. We discuss these results in light of recent proposals for the drag force in granular media.

John R. Royer; Eric I. Corwin; Peter J. Eng; Heinrich M. Jaeger

2007-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

30

Definition: Adverse Reliability Impact | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a widespread area of the Interconnection.1 Related Terms smart grid References Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up...

31

Secondary materials: Engineering properties, environmental consequences, and social and economic impacts. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report investigates two secondary materials, plastic lumber made from mixed plastic waste, and cement blocks and structures made with incinerator ash. Engineering properties, environmental impacts, and energy costs and savings of these secondary materials are compared to standard lumber products and cement blocks. Market capacity and social acceptance of plastic lumber and stabilized ash products are analyzed. These secondary materials apparently have potential markets; however, their economic value is primarily that they will not take up landfill space. For plastic lumber and stabilized incinerator ash products, marine and highway construction seem ideal public works applications. Incinerator ash may be suitable to use in seawalls, jetties, fishing reefs, highway barriers, and roadbed applications. Docks, piers, highway sound barriers, parking stops, and park furniture may all be made from plastic lumber. To encourage public acceptance and improve the market potential of secondary materials, these activities could be beneficial: industry should emphasize developing useful, long-lived products; industry and governments should create product performance criteria; government should provide rigorous testing and demonstration programs; and government and industry should cooperate to improve public outreach and educational programs.

Breslin, V.; Reaven, S.; Schwartz, M.; Swanson, L.; Zweig, M.; Bortman, M.; Schubel, J.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

IMPACT OF TARGET MATERIAL ACTIVATION ON PERSONNEL EXPOSURE AND RADIOACTIVE CONTAMINATION IN THE NATIONAL IGNITION FACILITY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detailed activation analyses are performed for the different materials under consideration for use in the target capsules and hohlraums used during the ignition campaign on the National Ignition Facility. Results of the target material activation were additionally used to estimate the levels of contamination within the NIF target chamber and the workplace controls necessary for safe operation. The analysis examined the impact of using Be-Cu and Ge-doped CH capsules on the external dose received by workers during maintenance activities. Five days following a 20 MJ shot, dose rates inside the Target Chamber (TC) due to the two proposed capsule materials are small ({approx} 1 {micro}rem/h). Gold and depleted-uranium (DU) are considered as potential hohlraum materials. Following a shot, gold will most probably get deposited on the TC first wall. On the other hand, while noble-gas precursors from the DU are expected to stay in the TC, most of the noble gases are pumped out of the chamber and end up on the cryopumps. The dose rates inside the TC due to activated gold or DU, at 5 days following a 20 MJ shot, are about 1 mrem/h. Dose rates in the vicinity of the cryo-pumps (containing noble 'fission' gases) drop-off to about 1 mrem/h during the first 12 hours following the shot. Contamination from activation of NIF targets will result in the NIF target chamber exceeding DOE surface contamination limits. Objects removed from the TC will need to be managed as radioactive material. However, the results suggest that airborne contamination from resuspension of surface contamination will not be significant and is at levels that can be managed by negative ventilation when accessing the TC attachments.

Khater, H; Epperson, P; Thacker, R; Beale, R; Kohut, T; Brereton, S

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

33

Bibliography of documents and related materials collected for the Hawaii Geothermal Project Environmental Impact Statement  

SciTech Connect

This report has been prepared to make available and archive information developed during preparation of the Environmental Impact Statement for Phases 3 and 4 of the Hawaii Geothermal Project as defined by the state of Hawaii in its April 1989 proposal to Congress. On May 17, 1994, the USDOE published a notice in the Federal Register withdrawing its Notice of Intent of February 14, 1992, to prepare the HGP EIS. Since the state of Hawaii is no longer pursuing or planning to pursue the HGP, DOE considers the project to be terminated. This report provides a bibliography of documents, published papers, and other reference materials that were obtained or used. The report provides citations for approximately 642 documents, published papers, and other reference materials that were gathered to describe the potentially affected environment on the islands of Hawaii, Maui, and Oahu. The listing also does not include all the reference materials developed by support subcontractors and cooperating agencies who participated in the project. This listing does not include correspondence or other types of personal communications. The documents listed in this report can be obtained from original sources or libraries.

Glenn, F.M.; Boston, C.R.; Burns, J.C.; Hagan, C.W. Jr.; Saulsbury, J.W.; Wolfe, A.K.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Impact of intrinsic localized modes of atomic motion on materials properties  

SciTech Connect

Recent neutron and x-ray scattering measurements show intrinsic localized modes (ILMs) in metallic uranium and ionic sodium iodide. Here, the role ILMs play in the behavior of these materials is examined. With the thermal activation of ILMs, thermal expansion is enhanced, made more anisotropic, and, at a microscopic level, becomes inhomogeneous. Interstitial diffusion, ionic conductivity, the annealing rate of radiation damage, and void growth are all influenced by ILMs. The lattice thermal conductivity is suppressed above the ILM activation temperature while no impact is observed in the electrical conductivity. This complement of transport properties suggests that ILMs could improve thermoelectric performance. Ramifications also include thermal ratcheting, a transition from brittle to ductile fracture, and possibly a phase transformation in uranium.

Manley, M E

2010-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

35

Impact of the number of material measurement categories on measurement error  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

There is nearly always some mismatch between the physical properties of items containing nuclear material and standards used to calibrate the assay method. Physical properties include the density and heterogeneity of the item's nonnuclear material and the type of interfering species, such as hydrogen in the case of neutron counting. Some assay techniques are less sensitive to variation in physical properties than others and can be used to generate working standards. Provided that a reference assay method 1 (often calorimetry) is available that is well characterized (having negligible or known dependence on varying physical properties), we can assess the total measurement error of another method 2. In this paper we consider the impact of the number of measurement categories on the measurement error standard deviation of method 2. We assume that working standards (traceable to primary reference standards) are provided by the method 1 assay of actual facility items. Given the same number of working standards, we evaluate the tradeoff between using more working standards for each of a fewer number of categories versus using fewer standards in each of more categories. This leads to a method to determine a good allocation of working standards.

Burr, Tom; Hemphill, G. M. (Geralyn M.); Longmire, V. L. (Victoria L.); Smith, M. K. (Morag K.)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

An experiment to test advanced materials impacted by intense proton pulses at CERN HiRadMat facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Predicting the consequences of highly energetic particle beams impacting protection devices as collimators or high power target stations is a fundamental issue in the design of state-of-the-art facilities for high-energy particle physics. These complex dynamic phenomena can be successfully simulated resorting to highly non-linear numerical tools (Hydrocodes). In order to produce accurate results, however, these codes require reliable material constitutive models that, at the extreme conditions induced by a destructive beam impact, are scarce and often inaccurate. In order to derive or validate such models a comprehensive, first-of-its-kind experiment has been recently carried out at CERN HiRadMat facility: performed tests entailed the controlled impact of intense and energetic proton pulses on a number of specimens made of six different materials. Experimental data were acquired relying on embedded instrumentation (strain gauges, temperature probes and vacuum sensors) and on remote-acquisition devices (laser ...

Bertarelli, A; Boccone, V; Carra, F; Cerutti, F; Charitonidis, N; Charrondiere, C; Dallocchio, A; Fernandez Carmona, P; Francon, P; Gentini, L; Guinchard, M; Mariani, N; Masi, A; Marques dos Santos, S D; Moyret, P; Peroni, L; Redaelli, S; Scapin, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Materials and methods are available as supplementary materials on Science Online. 16. W. Benz, A. G. W. Cameron, H. J. Melosh, Icarus 81, 113 (1989). 17. S. L. Thompson, H. S. Lauson, Technical Rep. SC-RR-710714, Sandia Nat. Labs (1972). 18. H. J. Melosh, Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 42, 2079 (2007). 19. S. Ida, R. M. Canup, G. R. Stewart, Nature 389, 353 (1997). 20. E. Kokubo, J. Makino, S. Ida, Icarus 148, 419 (2000). 21. M. M. M. Meier, A. Reufer, W. Benz, R. Wieler, Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society LXXIV, abstr. 5039 (2011). 22. C. B. Agnor, R. M. Canup, H. F. Levison, Icarus 142, 219 (1999). 23. D. P. O'Brien, A. Morbidelli, H. F. Levison, Icarus 184, 39 (2006). 24. R. M. Canup, Science 307, 546 (2005). 25. J. J. Salmon, R. M. Canup, Lunar Planet. Sci. XLIII, 2540 (2012). Acknowledgments: SPH simulation data are contained in tables S2 to S5 of the supplementary materials. Financial support

38

On the modeling of the Taylor cylinder impact test for orthotropic textured materials: Calculations and experiments  

SciTech Connect

Taylor impact tests using specimens cut from a rolled plate of Ta were conducted. The Ta was well-characterized in terms of flow stress and crystallographic texture. A piece-wise yield surface was interrogated from this orthotropic texture, and used in EPIC-95 3D simulations of the Taylor test. Good agreement was realized between the calculations and the post-test geometries in terms of major and minor side profiles and impact-interface footprints.

Maudlin, P.J.; Bingert, J.F.; House, J.W.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Material  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Li(Ni{sub 0.4}Co{sub 0.15}Al{sub 0.05}Mn{sub 0.4})O{sub 2} was investigated to understand the effect of replacement of the cobalt by aluminum on the structural and electrochemical properties. In situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) was performed, utilizing a novel in situ electrochemical cell, specifically designed for long-term X-ray experiments. The cell was cycled at a moderate rate through a typical Li-ion battery operating voltage range. (1.0-4.7 V) XAS measurements were performed at different states of charge (SOC) during cycling, at the Ni, Co, and the Mn edges, revealing details about the response of the cathode to Li insertion and extraction processes. The extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) region of the spectra revealed the changes of bond distance and coordination number of Ni, Co, and Mn absorbers as a function of the SOC of the material. The oxidation states of the transition metals in the system are Ni{sup 2+}, Co{sup 3+}, and Mn{sup 4+} in the as-made material (fully discharged), while during charging the Ni{sup 2+} is oxidized to Ni{sup 4+} through an intermediate stage of Ni{sup 3+}, Co{sup 3+} is oxidized toward Co{sup 4+}, and Mn was found to be electrochemically inactive and remained as Mn{sup 4+}. The EXAFS results during cycling show that the Ni-O changes the most, followed by Co-O, and Mn-O varies the least. These measurements on this cathode material confirmed that the material retains its symmetry and good structural short-range order leading to the superior cycling reported earlier.

Rumble, C.; Conry, T.E.; Doeff, Marca; Cairns, Elton J.; Penner-Hahn, James E.; Deb, Aniruddha

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

40

Synchrotron-based investigations of the nature and impact of ironcontamination in multicrystalline silicon solar cell materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Synchrotron-based microprobe techniques were used to obtain precise and systematic information about the size distribution, spatial distribution, shape, electrical activity, and chemical states of iron-rich impurity clusters in multicrystalline silicon materials used for cost-effective solar cells. These experimentally observed properties of iron-rich clusters allow one to derive conclusions about the origins of iron contamination, the mechanisms for incorporating large amounts of Fe into mc-Si, quantitative information about the distribution of Fe in mc-Si and the impacts of such contamination on solar cell performance. Two distinct groups of iron-rich clusters have been identified in both materials: (a) the occasional large (diameter greater than or equal to 1 mu-m) particles, either oxidized and/or present with multiple other metal species reminiscent of stainless steels or ceramics, which are believed to originate from a foreign source such as the growth surfaces, production equipment, or feedstock, and (b) the more numerous, homogeneously distributed, and smaller iron silicide precipitates (dia. less than or equal to 800 nm, often < 100 nm), originating from a variety of possible formation mechanisms involving atomically dissolved iron in the melt or in the crystal. It was found that iron silicide nanoprecipitates account for bulk Fe concentrations as high as 1014-15cm-3 and can have a large negative impact on device performance because of their homogeneous distribution along structural defects. The large (dia. greater than or equal to 1 mu-m) particles, while containing elevated amounts of metals, are low in spatial density and thus deemed to have a low direct impact on device performance, although they may have a large indirect impact via the dissolution of Fe, thus assisting the formation of iron silicide nanoprecipitates. These results demonstrate that it is not necessarily the total Fe content that limits mc-Si device performance, but the distribution of Fe within the material.

Buonassisi, Tonio; Istratov, Andrei A.; Heuer, Matthias; Marcus,Matthew A.; Jonczyk, Ralf; Lai, Barry; Cai, Zhonghou; Heald, Steven; Warta, Wilhelm; Isenberg, Joerg; Schindler, Roland; Weber, Eicke R.

2004-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "adverse material impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Assessment of the energy impacts of improving highway-infrastructure materials  

SciTech Connect

Argonne National Laboratory has conducted a study to ascertain the relative importance of improved highway materials compared to vehicle energy consumption on US energy consumption. Energy savings through an improved highway infrastructure can occur in at least three ways. First, replacing aged and failing materials with improved and advanced materials can produce energy ``use`` savings. Second, advances in materials science can yield energy efficiency gains in the production of infrastructure materials. Third, using new or improved transportation-infrastructure materials that have longer service life reduces the energy expended in producing replacement materials and installing or repairing facilities. The Argonne study finds that energy savings from highway materials improvements are on the order of 0.1 {times} 10{sup 12} to 2.1 {times} 10{sup 12} Btu. This savings is relatively small compared with energy savings from improvements in vehicle fuel economy. Several infrastructure improvement scenarios were examined, with results that were highly dependent on the assumptions. Reducing traffic congestion, particularly in high-traffic-volume locations, produces major energy savings compared with the other scenarios.

Stammer, R.E. Jr. [Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States). School of Engineering; Stodolsky, F. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Impact of nuclear fuel cycle centers on shipping special nuclear materials and wastes  

SciTech Connect

The impact of integrated nuclear fuel cycle facilities on the transportation sector appears from this admittedly rather narrow study to be of only marginal significance. However, there are other factors which must be taken into account such as nuclear safeguards, economics, and radiological, ecological, institutional, and sociological impacts. Unless more clear-cut advantages can be shown by on-going studies for some of these other considerations, the regimentation and control of industry that would result from the imposition of the integrated fuel cycle facility concept probably could not be justified. (auth)

Blomeke, J.O.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

SAVANNAH RIVER SITE'S H-CANYON FACILITY: IMPACTS OF FOREIGN OBLIGATIONS ON SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIAL DISPOSITION  

SciTech Connect

The US has a non-proliferation policy to receive foreign and domestic research reactor returns of spent fuel materials of US origin. These spent fuel materials are returned to the Department of Energy (DOE) and placed in storage in the L-area spent fuel basin at the Savannah River Site (SRS). The foreign research reactor returns fall subject to the 123 agreements for peaceful cooperation. These “123 agreements” are named after section 123 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 and govern the conditions of nuclear cooperation with foreign partners. The SRS management of these foreign obligations while planning material disposition paths can be a challenge.

Magoulas, V.

2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

44

Data collection handbook to support modeling the impacts of radioactive material in soil  

SciTech Connect

A pathway analysis computer code called RESRAD has been developed for implementing US Department of Energy Residual Radioactive Material Guidelines. Hydrogeological, meteorological, geochemical, geometrical (size, area, depth), and material-related (soil, concrete) parameters are used in the RESRAD code. This handbook discusses parameter definitions, typical ranges, variations, measurement methodologies, and input screen locations. Although this handbook was developed primarily to support the application of RESRAD, the discussions and values are valid for other model applications.

Yu, C.; Cheng, J.J.; Jones, L.G.; Wang, Y.Y.; Faillace, E. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Assessment and Information Sciences Div.; Loureiro, C. [Minas Gerais Univ., Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Escola de Engenharia; Chia, Y.P. [National Taiwan Univ., Taipei (Taiwan, Province of China). Dept. of Geology

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

EPRI Report on Solid Material Disposition: Evaluation to Assess Industry Impact  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In March 2005, the NRC staff requested Commission approval for publication of a proposed rule in the Federal Register to amend 10CFR Part 20 to include criteria for controlling the disposition of solid materials. This report provides an initial analysis of whether or not methods of solid material assessment, currently practiced at nuclear power facilities, would be sufficient to meet the disposition limits in the proposed rule.

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

EA-1716: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finding of No Significant Impact Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1716: Finding of No Significant Impact Honeywell International, Inc., Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Project Massac County, Illinois Based on the analyses in the Environmental Assessment (EA), DOE determined that its proposed action-awarding a federal greant to Honeywell International Inc. (Honeywell) for the construction of a manufacturing plant to produce a critical battery material, lithium hexafluorophosphate (LiPF6)- would result in no significant adverse impacts. FInding of No Significant Impact for Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Project, Honeywell International, Inc, Massac County, Illinois, DOE/EA-1716, September 2010 More Documents & Publications

47

Lightweight materials in the light-duty passenger vehicle market: Their market penetration potential and impacts  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the results of a lightweight materials study. Various lightweight materials are examined and the most cost effective are selected for further analysis. Aluminum and high-performance polymer matrix composites (PMCS) are found to have the highest potential for reducing the weight of automobiles and passenger-oriented light trucks. Weight reduction potential for aluminum and carbon fiber-based PMCs are computed based on a set of component-specific replacement criteria (such as stiffness and strength), and the consequent incremental cost scenarios are developed. The authors assume that a materials R and D program successfully reduces the cost of manufacturing aluminum and carbon fiber PMC-intensive vehicles. A vehicle choice model is used to project market shares for the lightweight vehicles. A vehicle survival and age-related usage model is employed to compute energy consumption over time for the vehicle stock. After a review of projected costs, the following two sets of vehicles are characterized to compete with the conventional materials vehicles: (1) aluminum vehicles with limited replacement providing 19% weight reduction (AIV-Mid), and (2) aluminum vehicles with the maximum replacement providing 31% weight reduction (AIV-Max). Assuming mass-market introduction in 2005, the authors project a national petroleum energy savings of 3% for AIV-Mid and 5% for AIV-Max in 2030.

Stodolsky, F. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Center for Transportation Research]|[Argonne National Lab., Washington, DC (United States); Vyas, A.; Cuenca, R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Center for Transportation Research

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Economic impact of using nonmetallic materials in low to intermediate temperature geothermal well construction. Volume 1  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The results are presented of an exhaustive literature search and evaluation concerning the properties and economics of commercially available nonmetallic well casing and screens. These materials were studied in terms of their use in low to intermediate temperature geothermal well construction.

Not Available

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Economic impact of using nonmetallic materials in low to intermediate temperature geothermal well construction  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Four appendices are included. The first covers applications of low-temperature geothermal energy including industrial processes, agricultural and related processes, district heating and cooling, and miscellaneous. The second discusses hydrogeologic factors affecting the design and construction of low-temperature geothermal wells: water quality, withdrawal rate, water depth, water temperature, basic well designs, and hydrogeologic provinces. In the third appendix, properties of metallic and nonmetallic materials are described, including: specific gravity, mechanical strength properties, resistance to physical and biological attack, thermal properties of nonmetallics, fluid flow characteristics, corrosion resistance, scaling resistance, weathering resistance of nonmetallics, and hydrolysis resistance of nonmetallics. Finally, special considerations in the design and construction of low-temperature geothermal wells using nonmetallics materials are covered. These include; drilling methods, joining methods, methods of casing and screen installation, well cementing, and well development. (MHR)

Not Available

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Nuclear Maintenance Applications Center: Foreign Material Exclusion Guidelines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Foreign material exclusion (FME) is vital to the safe and reliable operation of nuclear power plants. The entry of foreign material (FM) into primary or secondary plant systems, equipment, and components can cause equipment degradation or inoperability, lost generation, fuel cladding damage, high radiation, and contamination levels that could spread throughout plant systems; it can also increase operations and maintenance (O&M) costs and adversely impact nuclear safety. The FME program is a plantwide ini...

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Impact of ALD Coating on Mn-rich Cathode Materials (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

LG Chem Power Inc. (LGCPI) and NREL have collaborated to demonstrate the scalability of the atomic layer deposition (ALD) coating process over the last 6 months, and the benefits of ALD coatings for long-term cycling and calendar life are being quantified. The objectives of this work are two-fold: 1) to evaluate the scalability of the process to coat LGCPI cathodes with alumina using the ALD technique, and 2) to demonstrate improvements in rate capability and life of ALD-coated LGCPI electrodes. NREL received samples of baseline material to be coated from LGCPI. NREL carried out ALD coating of the samples with help from a subcontractor, ALD Nanosolutions. NREL fabricated cells from those samples for quick screening and feedback to ALD Nanosolutions. LGCPI is currently fabricating larger-format cells for further evaluation.

Santhanagopalan, S.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Secretary Chu Announces Determination of No Adverse Material...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Email Signup Sign up for updates Go Energy.gov Public Services Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Homes Vehicles Building Design Manufacturing National Security & Safety Energy...

53

Environmental impact report (draft)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The three projects as proposed by Pacific Gas and Electric Company and the environmental analysis of the projects are discussed. Sections on the natural and social environments of the proposed projects and their surrounding areas consist of descriptions of the setting, discussions of the adverse and beneficial consequences of the project, and potential mitigation measures to reduce the effects of adverse impacts. The Environmental Impact Report includes discussions of unavoidable adverse effects, irreversible changes, long-term and cumulative impacts, growth-inducing effects, and feasible alternatives to the project. (MHR)

Not Available

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Supporting Information Adverse Impact of Feed Channel Spacers on the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Lane and Guillen (2005) explored inversion guided by lithologic categories with density and sus Gravity Workshop, ASEG. Lane, R., and A. Guillen, 2005, Geologically-inspired constraints for a potential

Elimelech, Menachem

55

Plant Engineering: Cable Aging Management Training: Identification of Adverse Environment, and Introduction to Visual/ Tactile Asses sment of Cable  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two cable aging management training modules are included that introduce the viewer to adverse environments and their effects on cable polymers and to visual tactile assessment of cables to determine if they have degraded from the adverse environments. The types of environments that are adverse with respect to cable materials and the locations in a plant where they might exist are provided. The visual/tactile presentation shows how basic properties and visual attributes may be used to determine ifcables a...

2011-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

56

Adverse experiences with nitric acid at the Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect

Nitric acid is used routinely at the Savannah River Site (SRS) in many processes. However, the site has experienced a number of adverse situations in handling nitric acid. These have ranged from minor injuries to personnel to significant explosions. This document compiles many of these events and includes discussions of process upsets, fires, injuries, and toxic effects of nitric acid and its decomposition products. The purpose of the publication is to apprise those using the acid that it is a potentially dangerous material and can react in many ways as demonstrated by SRS experience. 10 refs.

Durant, W.S.; Craig, D.K.; Vitacco, M.J.; McCormick, J.A.

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

EA-1760: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finding of No Significant Impact Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1760: Finding of No Significant Impact FutureFuel Chemical Company Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Project, Batesville, Arkansas Based on the analyses in the Environmental Assessment, DOE determined that its proposed action, awarding a federal grant to FutureFuel Chemical Company, to partially fund the design, installation and operations of a commercial-scale plant to produce intermediate anode material for high-performance lithium-ion batteries would result in no significant adverse impacts. Finding of No Significant Impact for Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Project Futurefuel Chemical Company Batesville, Arkansas More Documents & Publications

58

Toward a Policy for Climate Impacts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current increases in the understanding of climatic processes, the availability of climate predictions, and the assessment of climatic impacts indicate that development of public policy to mitigate adverse impacts and enhance beneficial ones is ...

Peter J. Robinson; Howard L. Hill

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Finding of no significant impact. Consolidation and interim storage of special nuclear material at Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared an environmental assessment (EA), DOE/EA -- 1060, for the consolidation, processing, and interim storage of Category I and II special nuclear material (SNM) in Building 371 at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (hereinafter referred to as Rocky Flats or Site), Golden, Colorado. The scope of the EA included alternatives for interim storage including the no action alternative, the construction of a new facility for interim storage at Rocky Flats, and shipment to other DOE facilities for interim storage.

NONE

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

DOE/EA-1651: FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT Uranium-233 Material Downblending and Disposition Project at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee (01/13/10)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

URANIUM-233 MATERIAL DOWNBLENDING AND DISPOSITION PROJECT URANIUM-233 MATERIAL DOWNBLENDING AND DISPOSITION PROJECT AT THE OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY, OAK RIDGE, TENNESSEE AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) ACTION: Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) SUMMARY: DOE has completed the Final Environmental Assessment for U-233 Material Downblending and Disposition Project at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory [DOE/EA-1651]. This environmental assessment (EA) evaluates the impacts of planned activities to modify selected Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) facilities; process the ORNL inventory of uranium-233 (U-233); and transport the processed material to a long-term disposal facility. Small quantities of similar material currently stored at other DOE sites may also be included in this initiative. The

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "adverse material impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Revised Finding of No Significant Impact for Safeguards and Security Upgrades for Storage of Plutonium Materials at the Savannah River Site (DOE/EA-1538)(03/11/08)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finding of No Significant Impact Finding of No Significant Impact for Safeguards and Security Upgrades for Storage of Plutonium Materials at the Savannah River Site Agency: U.S. Department of Energy Action: Revised Finding of No Significant Impact Summary: The Department of Energy (DOE) prepared an environmental assessment (EA) (DOEEA-1538) in 2005 to evaluate the potential environmental impacts associated with the implementation of proposed and alternative actions to enhance the safe and secure storage of plutonium-bearing materials at the Savannah River Site (SRS) to meet the enhanced terrorist threat that has existed since the events of September 11, 2001. Based on the analyses in the EA, DOE determined that the proposed action was not a major Federal action significantly affecting

62

Material Sciences Material Sciences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is adversely affected by the emer- gence of drug-resistant HIV-1 variants. Thus, it is important to understand the atomic-level origin of the drug resistance and to use that knowledge in the design of improved NNRTIs

63

Pretreatment Predictors of Adverse Radiation Effects After Radiosurgery for Arteriovenous Malformation  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To identify vascular and dosimetric predictors of symptomatic T2 signal change and adverse radiation effects after radiosurgery for arteriovenous malformation, in order to define and validate preexisting risk models. Methods and Materials: A total of 125 patients with arteriovenous malformations (AVM) were treated at our institution between 2005 and 2009. Eighty-five patients have at least 12 months of clinical and radiological follow-up. Any new-onset headaches, new or worsening seizures, or neurological deficit were considered adverse events. Follow-up magnetic resonance images were assessed for new onset T2 signal change and the volume calculated. Pretreatment characteristics and dosimetric variables were analyzed to identify predictors of adverse radiation effects. Results: There were 19 children and 66 adults in the study cohort, with a mean age of 34 (range 6-74). Twenty-three (27%) patients suffered adverse radiation effects (ARE), 9 patients with permanent neurological deficit (10.6%). Of these, 5 developed fixed visual field deficits. Target volume and 12 Gy volume were the most significant predictors of adverse radiation effects on univariate analysis (p < 0.001). Location and cortical eloquence were not significantly associated with the development of adverse events (p = 0.12). No additional vascular parameters were identified as predictive of ARE. There was a significant target volume threshold of 4 cm{sup 3}, above which the rate of ARE increased dramatically. Multivariate analysis target volume and the absence of prior hemorrhage are the only significant predictors of ARE. The volume of T2 signal change correlates to ARE, but only target volume is predictive of a higher volume of T2 signal change. Conclusions: Target volume and the absence of prior hemorrhage is the most accurate predictor of adverse radiation effects and complications after radiosurgery for AVMs. A high percentage of permanent visual field defects in this series suggest the optic radiation is a critical radiosensitive structure.

Hayhurst, Caroline; Monsalves, Eric [Gamma Knife Unit, Division of Neurosurgery, University Health Network, Toronto (Canada); Prooijen, Monique van [Physics Department, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto (Canada); Cusimano, Michael [Division of Neurosurgery, St Michael's Hospital, Toronto (Canada); Tsao, May [Radiation Oncology Program, Sunnybrook Hospital, University of Toronto (Canada); Menard, Cynthia [Radiation Oncology Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, University of Toronto (Canada); Kulkarni, Abhaya V. [Division of Neurosurgery, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto (Canada); Schwartz, Michael [Division of Neurosurgery, Sunnybrook Hospital, University of Toronto (Canada); Zadeh, Gelareh, E-mail: gelareh.zadeh@uhn.on.ca [Gamma Knife Unit, Division of Neurosurgery, University Health Network, Toronto (Canada)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Carbon fiber composite characterization in adverse thermal environments.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The behavior of carbon fiber aircraft composites was studied in adverse thermal environments. The effects of resin composition and fiber orientation were measured in two test configurations: 102 by 127 millimeter (mm) test coupons were irradiated at approximately 22.5 kW/m{sup 2} to measure thermal response, and 102 by 254 mm test coupons were irradiated at approximately 30.7 kW/m{sup 2} to characterize piloted flame spread in the vertically upward direction. Carbon-fiber composite materials with epoxy and bismaleimide resins, and uni-directional and woven fiber orientations, were tested. Bismaleimide samples produced less smoke, and were more resistant to flame spread, as expected for high temperature thermoset resins with characteristically lower heat release rates. All materials lost approximately 20-25% of their mass regardless of resin type, fiber orientation, or test configuration. Woven fiber composites displayed localized smoke jetting whereas uni-directional composites developed cracks parallel to the fibers from which smoke and flames emanated. Swelling and delamination were observed with volumetric expansion on the order of 100% to 200%. The purpose of this work was to provide validation data for SNL's foundational thermal and combustion modeling capabilities.

Gomez-Vasquez, Sylvia; Brown, Alexander L.; Hubbard, Joshua A.; Ramirez, Ciro J.; Dodd, Amanda B.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

FAQ 42-What are the potential environmental impacts from disposal...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

disposal of depleted uranium as an oxide? What are the potential environmental impacts from disposal of depleted uranium as an oxide? Disposal as oxide could result in adverse...

66

EA-1836: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to facilitiate installation and operations of a high-efficiency natural-gas-fired cogeneration facility - would result in no significant adverse impacts. Finding of No...

67

What is "Normative" at Cooling Water Intakes? Defining Normalcy Before Judging Adverse  

SciTech Connect

Judgments of adverse environmental impact from cooling water intake structures need to be preceded by an appreciation of what is normal. In its repo~ Return to the River, the Independent Scientd5c Group (now called the Independent Scientfilc Advisory Board) --the scientific peer review arm of the Northwest Power Planning Council-- advanced the notion of a "normative river ecosystem" as a new conceptual foundation for salrnonid recovery in the Columbia River basin. With this perspective, the sum of the best scientific understanding of how organisms and aquatic ecosystems function should be the norm or standard of measure for how we judge the effects of human activities on aquatic systems. ,For the best likelihood of recovery, key aspects of altered systems should be brought back toward nonnative (although not necessarily fully back to the historical or pristine state); new alterations should be judged for adversity by how much they move key attributes away from normative or what might be considered normal. In this presentation, I ask what "normative" is for the setting of cooling water intake structures and how this concept could help resolve long-standing disputes between groups interested in avoiding darnage to all organisms that might be entrained or impinged and those who take a more population or community perspective for judging adverse environmental impact. In essence, I suggest that if a water intake does not move the aquatic ecosystem outside the "normative" range, based on expressions of norrrdcy such as those discussed, then no adverse impact has occurred. Having an explicit baseline in normal or normative would place 316(b) analyses on the same conceptual foundation as 316(a) analyses, which strive to demonstrate the continuation of a balanced, indigenous community of aquatic organisms at the power station Iocation.

Coutant, C.C.

1998-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

68

DOE/EA-1538: Finding of No Significant Impact for the Safeguards and Security Upgrades for Storage of Plutonium Materials at the Savannah River Site (12/16/2005)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Safeguards and Security Upgrades for Storage of Plutonium Materials Safeguards and Security Upgrades for Storage of Plutonium Materials at the Savannah River Site Agency: U.S. Department of Energy Action: Finding of No Significant Impact Summary: The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared an environmental assessment (EA) (DOE/EA-1538) to evaluate the potential environmental impacts associated with the implementation of proposed and alternative actions to enhance the safe and secure storage of plutonium-bearing materials at the Savannah River Site (SRS) to meet the enhanced terrorist threat. The draft EA was made available to the States of South Carolina and Georgia, and to the public, for a 30-day comment period. Based on the analyses in the EA, and after careful consideration of comments received, DOE has

69

FAQ 40-What are the potential environmental impacts from storage...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

environmental impacts from storage of depleted uranium as an oxide? Storage as an oxide could result in potential adverse impacts to air, water, and soil quality as a result of...

70

Occidental Geothermal, Inc. , Oxy geothermal power plant No. 1. Final environmental impact report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The project-specific environmental analysis covers the following: geology, soils, water resources, biology, air quality, noise, waste management, health, safety, transportation, energy and material resources, cultural resources, socioeconomics, public services, land use, and aesthetics. Other topics covered are: the cumulative envionmental analysis; unavoidable significant adverse environmental effects; irreversible environmental changes and irretrievable commitments of energy and materials; the relationship between local short-term uses of man's environment and the maintenance and enhancement of long-term productivity; growth-inducing impacts; and alternatives to the proposed action. (MHR)

Not Available

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Adverse-Weather Trends in the Canadian Arctic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study provides an assessment of changes in the occurrence frequency of four types of adverse-weather (freezing precipitation, blowing snow, fog, and low ceilings) and no-weather (i.e., no precipitation or visibility obscuration) events as ...

John M. Hanesiak; Xiaolan L. Wang

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Chapter 6: Materials  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

: Materials : Materials Material Selection Sustainable Building Materials System Integration Issues | Chapter 6 Material Selection Materials The use of durable, attractive, and environmentally responsible building materials is a key element of any high-performance building effort. The use of natural and healthy materials contributes to the well-being of the occupants and to a feeling of connection with the bounty of the natural world. Many construction materials have significant environ- mental impacts from pollutant releases, habitat destruc- tion, and depletion of natural resources. This can occur during extraction and acquisition of raw materials, pro- "Then I say the Earth belongs to duction and manufacturing processes, and transporta- tion. In addition, some construction materials can harm

73

Insider Threat - Material Control and Accountability Mitigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The technical objectives of nuclear safeguards are (1) the timely detection of diversion of significant quantities of nuclear material from peaceful uses to the manufacture of nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices or for purposes unknown and (2) the deterrence of such diversion by the risk of early detection. The safeguards and security program must address both outsider threats and insider threats. Outsider threats are primarily addressed by the physical protection system. Insider threats can be any level of personnel at the site including passive or active insiders that could attempt protracted or abrupt diversion. This could occur by an individual acting alone or by collusion between an individual with material control and accountability (MC&A) responsibilities and another individual who has responsibility or control within both the physical protection and the MC&A systems. The insider threat is one that must be understood and incorporated into the safeguards posture. There have been more than 18 documented cases of theft or loss of plutonium or highly enriched uranium. The insider has access, authority, and knowledge, as well as a set of attributes, that make him/her difficult to detect. An integrated safeguards program is designed as a defense-in-depth system that seeks to prevent the unauthorized removal of nuclear material, to provide early detection of any unauthorized attempt to remove nuclear material, and to rapidly respond to any attempted removal of nuclear material. The program is also designed to support protection against sabotage, espionage, unauthorized access, compromise, and other hostile acts that may cause unacceptable adverse impacts on national security, program continuity, the health and safety of employees, the public, or the environment. Nuclear MC&A play an essential role in the capabilities of an integrated safeguards system to deter and detect theft or diversion of nuclear material. An integrated safeguards system with compensating mitigation can decrease the risk of an insider performing a malicious act without detection.

Powell, Danny H [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL; Roche, Charles T [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Use of low-density, reticulated, elastomeric foam impregnated with Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids to design an impact absorption material  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The development of new threats in recent conflicts, such as improvised explosive devices (IEDs), requires the development of improved protection for US soldiers. The development of improved materials for helmets, in ...

Matton, Yves, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

SCIX IMPACT ON DWPF CPC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A program was conducted to systematically evaluate potential impacts of the proposed Small Column Ion Exchange (SCIX) process on the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) Chemical Processing Cell (CPC). The program involved a series of interrelated tasks. Past studies of the impact of crystalline silicotitanate (CST) and monosodium titanate (MST) on DWPF were reviewed. Paper studies and material balance calculations were used to establish reasonable bounding levels of CST and MST in sludge. Following the paper studies, Sludge Batch 10 (SB10) simulant was modified to have both bounding and intermediate levels of MST and ground CST. The SCIX flow sheet includes grinding of the CST which is larger than DWPF frit when not ground. Nominal ground CST was not yet available, therefore a similar CST ground previously in Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) was used. It was believed that this CST was over ground and that it would bound the impact of nominal CST on sludge slurry properties. Lab-scale simulations of the DWPF CPC were conducted using SB10 simulants with no, intermediate, and bounding levels of CST and MST. Tests included both the Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) and Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) cycles. Simulations were performed at high and low acid stoichiometry. A demonstration of the extended CPC flowsheet was made that included streams from the site interim salt processing operations. A simulation using irradiated CST and MST was also completed. An extensive set of rheological measurements was made to search for potential adverse consequences of CST and MST and slurry rheology in the CPC. The SCIX CPC impact program was conducted in parallel with a program to evaluate the impact of SCIX on the final DWPF glass waste form and on the DWPF melter throughput. The studies must be considered together when evaluating the full impact of SCIX on DWPF. Due to the fact that the alternant flowsheet for DWPF has not been selected, this study did not consider the impact of proposed future alternative DWPF CPC flowsheets. The impact of the SCIX streams on DWPF processing using the selected flowsheet need to be considered as part of the technical baseline studies for coupled processing with the selected flowsheet. In addition, the downstream impact of aluminum dissolution on waste containing CST and MST has not yet been evaluated. The current baseline would not subject CST to the aluminum dissolution process and technical concerns with performing the dissolution with CST have been expressed. Should this option become feasible, the downstream impact should be considered. The main area of concern for DWPF from aluminum dissolution is an impact on rheology. The SCIX project is planning for SRNL to complete MST, CST, and sludge rheology testing to evaluate any expected changes. The impact of ground CST transport and flush water on the DWPF CPC feed tank (and potential need for decanting) has not been defined or studied.

Koopman, D.

2011-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

76

Non-native speech perception in adverse conditions: A review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

If listening in adverse conditions is hard, then listening in a foreign language is doubly so: non-native listeners have to cope with both imperfect signals and imperfect knowledge. Comparison of native and non-native listener performance in speech-in-noise ... Keywords: Noise, Non-native, Review, Speech perception

Maria Luisa Garcia Lecumberri; Martin Cooke; Anne Cutler

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Final Environmental Impact Statement to construct and operate a facility to receive, store, and dispose of 11e.(2) byproduct material near Clive, Utah (Docket No. 40-8989)  

SciTech Connect

A Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) related to the licensing of Envirocare of Utah, Inc.`s proposed disposal facility in Tooele county, Utah (Docket No. 40-8989) for byproduct material as defined in Section 11e.(2) of the Atomic Energy Act, as amended, has been prepared by the Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards. This statement describes and evaluates the purpose of and need for the proposed action, the alternatives considered, and the environmental consequences of the proposed action. The NRC has concluded that the proposed action evaluated under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) and 10 CFR Part 51, is to permit the applicant to proceed with the project as described in this Statement.

Not Available

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Materials Science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Materials Science. Summary: ... Description: Group focus in materials science (inkjet metrology, micro-macro, advanced characterizations). ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

79

Materials/Condensed Matter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials/Condensed Matter Print Materials/Condensed Matter Print Materials research provides the foundation on which the economic well being of our high-tech society rests. The impact of advanced materials ranges dramatically over every aspect of our modern world from the minutiae of daily life to the grand scale of our national economy. Invariably, however, breakthroughs to new technologies trace their origin both to fundamental research in the basic properties of condensed matter and to applied research aimed at manipulating properties (structural, physical, chemical, electrical, magnetic, optical, etc.). Increasingly, the frontiers of materials research include materials that are "strongly correlated," characterized by strong coupling between a material's electrons with other electrons, magnetism, or the material lattice itself. This coupling often results in novel behavior, such as superconductivity, that may lead to technologically important applications.

80

The air quality and health impacts of aviation in Asia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aviation in Asia is growing more rapidly than other regions around the world. Adverse health impacts of aviation are linked to an increase in the concentration of particulate matter smaller than 2.5 [mu]m in diameter ...

Lee, In Hwan, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "adverse material impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Preliminary results from Charpy impact testing of irradiated JPDR weld metal and commissioning of a facility for machining of irradiated materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Forty two full-size Charpy specimens were machined from eight trepans that originated from the Japan Power Demonstration Reactor (JPDR). They were also successfully tested and the preliminary results are presented in this report. The trends appear to be reasonable with respect to the location of the specimens with regards to whether they originated from the beltline or the core regions of the vessel, and also whether they were from the inside or outside regions of the vessel wall. A short synopsis regarding commissioning of the facility to machine irradiated materials is also provided.

Iskander, S.K.; Hutton, J.T.; Creech, L.E.; Nanstad, R.K.; Manneschmidt, E.T.; Rosseel, T.M.; Bishop, P.S.

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Engineering Solution for Minimising Adverse Health Impact of Deep-fat Fried Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Azmil Haizam Ahmad Tarmizi and Razali Ismail Malaysian Palm Oil Board Lembaga Minyak Sawit Malaysia Simulation of industrial frying of potato chips using a pilot plant continuous fryer: Physico-chemical changes in palm olein binary

83

Advanced Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Materials Advanced Materials Availability Technology Express Licensing Active Terahertz Metamaterial Devices Express Licensing Anion-Conducting Polymer, Composition, And...

84

Materials Characterization | Advanced Materials | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Characterization Nuclear Forensics Scanning Probes Related Research Materials Theory and Simulation Energy Frontier Research Centers Advanced Materials Home | Science &...

85

Bespoke Materials Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bespoke Materials Surfaces Bespoke Materials Surfaces Background The Department of Energy (DOE) has established performance and efficiency goals for power generation systems which will improve the ability of the U.S. energy sector to produce electricity efficiently with less impact to the environment. Power systems showing the most promise for reaching these goals require corrosion resistance alloys able to perform at very high pressures and temperatures. Increasing both the

86

Environmental Impact  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Environmental Impact - a single comprehensive bibliographic information resource on climate change & other impacts of humans on the biosphere.

87

Materials Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Science Materials Science Materials Science1354608000000Materials ScienceSome of these resources are LANL-only and will require Remote Access./No/Questions? 667-5809library@lanl.gov Materials Science Some of these resources are LANL-only and will require Remote Access. Key Resources Data Sources Reference Organizations Journals Key Resources CINDAS Materials Property Databases video icon Thermophysical Properties of Matter Database (TPMD) Aerospace Structural Metals Database (ASMD) Damage Tolerant Design Handbook (DTDH) Microelectronics Packaging Materials Database (MPMD) Structural Alloys Handbook (SAH) Proquest Technology Collection Includes the Materials Science collection MRS Online Proceedings Library Papers presented at meetings of the Materials Research Society Data Sources

88

Hypervelocity impact jet formation  

SciTech Connect

The hypervelocity impact of a particle on a surface generates a jet of shocked material which is thrown from the impact site. A simple analytic model has been developed to obtain expressions for the evolution of this jet of ejecta. The analysis is based on applying the conservation equations of mass and momentum to the problem of a normal impact of a sphere against a semi-infinite flat target. Expressions are developed for the evolution of the jet velocity, jet release point and the locus of points which describe the ejecta envelope. These analytical ejecta profiles are compared with high speed photographs of impact jet formation. 6 refs., 7 figs.

Ang, J.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Restarting TMI unit one: social and psychological impacts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technical background is provided for preparing an environmental assessment of the social and psychological impacts of restarting the undamaged reactor at Three Mile Island (TMI). Its purpose is to define the factors that may cause impacts, to define what those impacts might be, and to make a preliminary assessment of how impacts could be mitigated. It does not attempt to predict or project the magnitude of impacts. Four major research activities were undertaken: a literature review, focus-group discussions, community profiling, and community surveys. As much as possible, impacts of the accident at Unit 2 were differentiated from the possible impacts of restarting Unit 1. It is concluded that restart will generate social conflict in the TMI vicinity which could lead to adverse effects. Furthermore, between 30 and 50 percent of the population possess characteristics which are associated with vulnerability to experiencing negative impacts. Adverse effects, however, can be reduced with a community-based mitigation strategy.

Sorensen, J.; Soderstrom, J.; Bolin, R.; Copenhaver, E.; Carnes, S.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Reactor Materials  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The reactor materials crosscut effort will enable the development of innovative and revolutionary materials and provide broad-based, modern materials science that will benefit all four DOE-NE...

91

Materials - Assessment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Assessment The staff of the Energy Systems Division has a long history of technical and economic analysis of the production and recycling of materials for transportation...

92

Materials Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Science science-innovationassetsimagesicon-science.jpg Materials Science National security depends on science and technology. The United States relies on Los Alamos...

93

Electronic Materials Science Challenges in Renewable Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work was supported in part by the U.S. Dept. of Energy through the NREL High- ... ...but electronic materials impact many more aspects of renewable energy ...

94

Structural Materials for Aerospace and Defense  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... new materials and processing technologies for minimizing the environmental impact, ... First-Principles Calculation of Finite Temperature APB Energies in the ...

95

Thermoelectric Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermoelectric materials can generate electricity or provide cooling by converting thermal gradients to electricity or electricity to thermal gradients. More efficient thermoelectric materials would make feasible the widespread use of thermoelectric converters in mundane applications. This report summarizes the state-of-the-art of thermoelectric materials including currently available materials and applications, new developments, and future prospects.

2000-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

96

SIGMA-ALDRICH MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin. Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse FOR CLEANING UP Cover with dry-lime, sand, or soda ash. Place in covered containers using non-sparking tools after material pickup is complete. Section 7 - Handling and Storage HANDLING User Exposure: Do

Choi, Kyu Yong

97

EA-1712: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2: Finding of No Significant Impact 2: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1712: Finding of No Significant Impact Exide Technologies Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Application, Bristol, Tennessee, and Columbus, Georgia Based on the analyses in the environmental assessment, DOE determined that its Proposed Action, awarding a federal grant to Exide Technologies to facilitate expansion of operations at two existing Exide facilities, would result in no significant adverse impacts. Finding of No Significant Impact for Exide Technoligies Electric Drive Vehicles Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Application, Bristol, TN and Columbus, GA More Documents & Publications EA-1712: Final Environmental Assessment EA-1722: Finding of No Significant Impact

98

Magnetocaloric Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Magnetic Materials for Energy Applications IV: Magnetocaloric Materials ... due to cost-effectiveness as well as superior magneto-thermal characteristics. ... metals and p-block elements can be explored in a time- and energy-saving manner.

99

Materials Science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Materials Science. Summary: Key metrologies/systems: In situ spectroscopic ellipsometry, linear and non-linear spectroscopies ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

100

Training Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Training Materials. NIST Handbook 44 Self-Study Course. ... Chapter 3 – Organization and Format of NIST Handbook 44 DOC. ...

2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "adverse material impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Material matting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite the widespread use of measured real-world materials, intuitive tools for editing measured reflectance datasets are still lacking. We present a solution inspired by natural image matting and texture synthesis to the material matting problem, ... Keywords: appearance models, material separation, matting, spatially-varying BRDFs, texture synthesis

Daniel Lepage; Jason Lawrence

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Materializing energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivated and informed by perspectives on sustainability and design, this paper draws on a diverse body of scholarly works related to energy and materiality to articulate a perspective on energy-as-materiality and propose a design approach of ... Keywords: design, design theory, energy, materiality, sustainability

James Pierce; Eric Paulos

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Public Scoping Meeting Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Public Scoping Meeting Materials Public Scoping Meeting Materials Public Scoping Meeting Materials Fact sheets, presentations, and other information from the Conversion EIS Public Scoping Meetings. The following materials were made available during the DUF6 Conversion EIS public scoping meetings held near Portsmouth, Ohio, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and Paducah, Kentucky, November - December, 2001. Notice of Intent PDF Icon Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride Conversion Facilities 60 KB details Presentation PDF Icon Overview: Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride (DUF6) Management Program 5.97 MB details DUF6 Fact Sheets PDF Icon Overview of Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride Management Program 174 KB details PDF Icon NEPA Activities for the Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride Management Program

104

Materials Education Community  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Digital Resource Center Home. Materials Education. Materials Education. Established Materials Technologies. Magnesium · Superalloys. Emerging Materials ...

105

Emerging Materials Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Digital Resource Center Home. Materials Education. Materials Education. Established Materials Technologies. Magnesium · Superalloys. Emerging Materials ...

106

Established Materials Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Digital Resource Center Home. Materials Education. Materials Education. Established Materials Technologies. Magnesium · Superalloys. Emerging Materials ...

107

Combustion Impacts of Flexible Operation: Low Load, Load Following, and Increased Staging Impact on Boiler Tubes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the past few years, coal-fired generating units have changed from stable base load operation to flexible operation, including periods of prolonged low-load operation. These changes in operation can have various adverse effects on all plant equipment, particularly in older units and may impact their ability to operate without tube failures due to elevated levels of fireside corrosion and circumferential cracking. This report discusses the combustion-related impacts of low-load, load-following, ...

2013-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

108

Minor Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Materials used in glass manufacture...Table 1 Materials used in glass manufacture Material Purpose Antimony oxide (Sb 2 O 3 ) Decolorizing and fining agent Aplite (K, Na, Ca, Mg, alumina silicate) Source of alumina Aragonite (CaCO 3 ) Source of calcium oxide Arsenic oxide (As 2 O 3 ) Fining and decolorizing agent Barite/barytes (BaSO 4 )...

109

Scintillator material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved scintillator material comprising cerium fluoride is disclosed. Cerium fluoride has been found to provide a balance of good stopping power, high light yield and short decay constant that is superior to known scintillator materials such as thallium-doped sodium iodide, barium fluoride and bismuth germanate. As a result, cerium fluoride is favorably suited for use as a scintillator material in positron emission tomography.

Anderson, David F. (Batavia, IL); Kross, Brian J. (Aurora, IL)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Scintillator material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved scintillator material comprising cerium fluoride is disclosed. Cerium fluoride has been found to provide a balance of good stopping power, high light yield and short decay constant that is superior to known scintillator materials such as thallium-doped sodium iodide, barium fluoride and bismuth germanate. As a result, cerium fluoride is favorably suited for use as a scintillator material in positron emission tomography. 4 figs.

Anderson, D.F.; Kross, B.J.

1994-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

111

Scintillator material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved scintillator material comprising cerium fluoride is disclosed. Cerium fluoride has been found to provide a balance of good stopping power, high light yield and short decay constant that is superior to known scintillator materials such as thallium-doped sodium iodide, barium fluoride and bismuth germanate. As a result, cerium fluoride is favorably suited for use as a scintillator material in positron emission tomography. 4 figs.

Anderson, D.F.; Kross, B.J.

1992-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

112

Scintillator material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved scintillator material comprising cerium fluoride is disclosed. Cerium fluoride has been found to provide a balance of good stopping power, high light yield and short decay constant that is superior to known scintillator materials such as thallium-doped sodium iodide, barium fluoride and bismuth germanate. As a result, cerium fluoride is favorably suited for use as a scintillator material in positron emission tomography.

Anderson, David F. (Batavia, IL); Kross, Brian J. (Aurora, IL)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Advanced Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Materials Advanced Materials Advanced Materials Express Licensing Active Terahertz Metamaterial Devices Express Licensing Anion-Conducting Polymer, Composition, And Membrane Express Licensing Analysis Of Macromolecule, Liggands And Macromolecule-Lingand Complexes Express Licensing Carbon Microtubes Express Licensing Chemical Synthesis Of Chiral Conducting Polymers Express Licensing Forming Adherent Coatings Using Plasma Processing Express Licensing Hydrogen Scavengers Express Licensing Laser Welding Of Fused Quartz Express Licensing Multiple Feed Powder Splitter Negotiable Licensing Boron-10 Neutron Detectors for Helium-3 Replacement Negotiable Licensing Insensitive Extrudable Explosive Negotiable Licensing Durable Fuel Cell Membrane Electrode Assembly (MEA) Express Licensing Method of Synthesis of Proton Conducting Materials

114

Advanced Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conducting Materials Negotiable Licensing Microseismic Tracer Particles for Hydraulic Fracturing Negotiable Licensing A Photo-Stimulated Low Electron Temperature High Current...

115

Magnetic Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 27, 2009 ... Extreme magnetic fields (>2 tesla), especially when combined with temperature, are being shown to revolutionize materials processing and ...

116

materials processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of the Stainless Steel Elaborated by the Duplex Procedure (Electric Furnace- VOD Installation) [pp. ... Materials Processing on a Solar Furnace Satellite [pp.

117

Materials Studio  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jan 14, 2008 ... G. Fitzgerald; G. Goldbeck-Wood; P. Kung; M. Petersen; L. Subramanian; J. Wescott, " Materials Modeling from Quantum Mechanics to The ...

118

Nuclear Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Materials and Fuels for the Current and Advanced Nuclear Reactors III ... response of oxide ceramics for nuclear applications through experiment, theory, and ...

119

Granular Dynamics during Impact  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the impact of a projectile onto a bed of 3 mm grains immersed in an index-matched fluid. Specifically, we vary the amount of prestrain on the sample, strengthening the force chains within the system. We find this affects only the prefactor of linear depth-dependent term in the stopping force. We therefore attribute this term to pressure within the material, and not the grain-intruder friction as is sometimes suggested. Using a laser sheet scanning technique to visualize internal grain motion, a high-speed camera, and particle tracking, we can measure the trajectory of each grain throughout an impact event. Microscopically, our results indicate that weaker initial force chains result in more irreversible, plastic rearrangements during impact, suggesting static friction between grains does play a substantial role in the energy dissipation within the granular material.

Kerstin Nordstrom; Emily Lim; Matthew Harrington; Wolfgang Losert

2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

120

The reapplication of energetic materials as boiler fuels  

SciTech Connect

Decommissioning of weapons stockpiles, off-specification production, and upgrading of weapons systems results in a large amount of energetic materials (EM) such as rocket propellant and primary explosives that need to be recycled or disposed of each year. Presently, large quantities of EM are disposed of in a process known as open-burn/open-detonation (OB/OD), which not only wastes their energy content, but may release large quantities of hazardous material into the environment. Here the authors investigate the combustion properties of several types of EM to determine the feasibility of reapplication of these materials as boiler fuels, a process that could salvage the energy content of the EM as well as mitigate any potential adverse environmental impact. Reapplication requires pretreatment of the fuels to make them safe to handle and to feed. Double-base nitrocellulose and nitroglycerin, trinitrotoluene (TNT), nitroguanidine, and a rocket propellant binder primarily composed of polybutidiene impregnated with aluminum flakes have been burned in a 100-kW downfired flow reactor. Most of these fuels have high levels of fuel-bound nitrogen, much of it bound in the form of nitrate groups, resulting in high NO{sub x} emissions during combustion. The authors have measured fuel-bound nitrate conversion efficiencies to NO{sub x} of up to 80%, suggesting that the nitrate groups do not follow the typical path of fuel nitrogen through HCN leading to NO{sub x}, but rather form NO{sub x} directly. They show that staged combustion is effective in reducing NO{sub x} concentrations in the postcombustion gases by nearly a factor of 3. In the rocket binder, measured aluminum particle temperatures in excess of 1700{degrees}C create high levels of thermal NO{sub x}, and also generate concern that molten aluminum particles could potentially damage boiler equipment. Judicious selection of the firing method is thus required for aluminum-containing materials.

Buckley, S.G.; Sclippa, G.C.; Ross, J.R. [and others

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "adverse material impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

EA-1837: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finding of No Significant Impact Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1837: Finding of No Significant Impact Performance Verification Laboratory, Morgantown, West Virginia Based on the analyses in the environmental assessment, DOE determined that its proposed action - to design, construct, and make operational a DOE Performance Verification Laboratory facility for verifying the energy performance pf appliances and equipment to facilitiate improved enforcement of energy conservation standards and ENERGY STAR programs - would result in no significant adverse impacts. Finding of No Significant Impact and Final Environmental Assessment for National Energy Technology Laboratory Performance Verification Laboratory, Morgantown, West Virginia More Documents & Publications EA-1837: Final Environmental Assessment

122

EA-1837: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EA-1837: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1837: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1837: Finding of No Significant Impact Performance Verification Laboratory, Morgantown, West Virginia Based on the analyses in the environmental assessment, DOE determined that its proposed action - to design, construct, and make operational a DOE Performance Verification Laboratory facility for verifying the energy performance pf appliances and equipment to facilitiate improved enforcement of energy conservation standards and ENERGY STAR programs - would result in no significant adverse impacts. Finding of No Significant Impact and Final Environmental Assessment for National Energy Technology Laboratory Performance Verification Laboratory, Morgantown, West Virginia More Documents & Publications EA-1837: Final Environmental Assessment

123

Materials Science Advanced Materials News  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Contributes to Discovery of Novel Quantum Spin-Liquid Release Date ... Novel Filter Material Could Cut Natural Gas Refining Costs Release Date: 03 ...

2010-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

124

Materials Science Advanced Materials Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... to Discovery of Novel Quantum Spin-Liquid. illustration of metal organic framework Novel Filter Material Could Cut Natural Gas Refining Costs. ...

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

125

Materials - Home  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

* Coatings & Lubricants * Coatings & Lubricants * Nanofluids * Deformation Joining * Recycling * Catalysts * Assessment * Illinois Center for Advanced Tribology Modeling, Simulation & Software Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles PSAT Smart Grid Student Competitions Technology Analysis Transportation Research and Analysis Computing Center Working With Argonne Contact TTRDC Materials ring on liner reciprocating tester Tribology Lab: Ring-on-liner reciprocating tester. Argonne National Laboratory plays an important role in the Department of Energy's (DOE's) efforts to develop advanced materials for transportation. The materials are developed with DOE support from the EERE Office of Vehicle Technology and Office of Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies in collaboration with worldwide industrial partners. Examples

126

Environmental Impact Statements (EIS) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 EIS-0158-S2: Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement Program Environmental Impact Report for the Sale of the Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 at Elk Hills, California September 1, 1997 EIS-0026-S2: Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement Carlsbad Area Office, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Disposal Phase July 1, 1997 EIS-0213: Final Environmental Impact Statement Nez Perce Tribal Hatchery Program June 6, 1997 EIS-0200: Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Managing Treatment, Storage, and Disposal of Radioactive and Hazardous Waste December 1, 1996 EIS-0229: Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Storage and Disposition of Weapons-Usable Fissile Materials December 1, 1996 EIS-0198: Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement

127

thermoelectric materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been proven that the maximum cooling temperature of a thermoelectric material can be increased by using either pulsed operation or graded Seebeck profiles. In this paper, we show that the maximum cooling temperature can be further increased by the pulsed operation of optimal inhomogeneous thermoelectric materials. A random sampling method is used to obtain the optimal electrical conductivity profile of inhomogeneous materials, which can achieve a much higher cooling temperature than the best uniform materials under the steady-state condition. Numerical simulations of pulsed operation are then carried out in the time domain. In the limit of low thermoelectric figure-of-merit ZT, the finite-difference time-domain simulations are verified by an analytical solution for homogeneous material. This numerical method is applied to high ZT BiTe materials and simulations show that the effective figure-of-merit can be improved by 153 % when both optimal graded electrical conductivity profiles and pulsed operation are used. 1.

Q Zhou; Z Bian; A Shakouri

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

What Will We Do With the Data? Issues in the Reporting of Adverse Healthcare Events  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the more limited claims made by the operators of these existing systems in aviation and in organizational health and safety applications. Keywords: Incident reporting; human error; adverse events. 1

Johnson, Chris

129

The Antioxidant Vitamins C & EChapter 8 Potential Adverse Effects of Vitamins C and E  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Antioxidant Vitamins C & E Chapter 8 Potential Adverse Effects of Vitamins C and E Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 8 Potential Adve

130

Hardfacing material  

SciTech Connect

A method of producing a hard metallic material by forming a mixture containing at least 55% iron and at least one of boron, carbon, silicon and phosphorus. The mixture is formed into an alloy and cooled to form a metallic material having a hardness of greater than about 9.2 GPa. The invention includes a method of forming a wire by combining a metal strip and a powder. The metal strip and the powder are rolled to form a wire containing at least 55% iron and from two to seven additional elements including at least one of C, Si and B. The invention also includes a method of forming a hardened surface on a substrate by processing a solid mass to form a powder, applying the powder to a surface to form a layer containing metallic glass, and converting the glass to a crystalline material having a nanocrystalline grain size.

Branagan, Daniel J. (Iona, ID)

2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

131

Cryogenic Material Properties Database Cryogenic Material ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... properties. These include the Handbook on Materials for Superconducting Machinery and the LNG Materials & Fluids. Neither ...

2000-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

132

Green Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 6, 2013 ... Incorporation of Granite Waste Diamond Wire in Cementitious Matrices: ... determination method simplex from a stroke cement using standard CP-V, ... its property in building materials manufacture, alumina recovery, etc. ... as well as their changes during heat treatment were studied by XRD, FTIR and XPS.

133

Health impacts from urban air pollution in China : the burden to the economy and the benefits of policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In China, elevated levels of urban air pollution result in significant adverse health impacts for its large and rapidly growing urban population. An expanded version of the Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA), ...

Matus, Kira J. (Kira Jen)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Vojislav Stamenkovic - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for which he received over 4,000 citations. His results from high impact journals such as Science, Nature Materials, Angewandte Chemie, were featured in headlines of ANL and LBNL....

135

The Preparation of Constructional Materials with Phosphate Tailings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Impact of Materials Selection on the Sustainability of Wind Energy · Improved Energy Efficiency and Environmental Benefits for Calcium Treatment in Steel.

136

Technology@TMS: Online Article - Materials Technology@TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The January 2008 issue of JOM focuses on materials for nuclear power with 11 articles ... impact a career in nuclear power can make on global energy security.

137

LDRD symposium focuses on materials in extremes, big data, and...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

symposium focuses on materials in extremes, big data, and energy use impacts | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation...

138

Environmental impacts of renewable energy sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The global attention has always been focused on the adverse environmental impacts of conventional energy sources. In contrast nonconventional energy sources, particularly the renewable ones, have enjoyed a clean image vis a vis environmental impacts. The only major exception to this general trend has been large hydropower projects; experience has taught that they can be disastrous for the environment. The belief now is that mini hydro and microhydro projects are harmless alternatives. But are renewable energy sources really as benign as is widely believed? The present essay addresses this question in the background of Lovin`s classical paradigm which had postulated the hard (malignant) and soft (benign) energy concepts in the first place. It then critically evaluates the environmental impacts of major renewable energy sources. It then comes up with the broad conclusion that renewable energy sources are not the panacea they are popularly perceived to be; indeed in some cases their adverse environmental impacts can be as strongly negative as the impacts of conventional energy sources. The paper also dwells on the steps needed to utilize renewable energy sources without facing environmental backlashes of the type experienced from hydropower projects.

Abbasi, S.A.; Abbasi, N. [Pondicherry Univ., Kalapet Pondicherry (India). Centre for Pollution Control and Biowaste Energy

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Sacramento Municipal Utility District, 100-MW photovoltaic power plant: draft environmental impact report  

SciTech Connect

The Sacramento Municipal Utility District proposes constructing a 100 MW solar photovoltaic electric generation facility adjacent to its Rancho Seco nuclear plant. After a brief description of the proposed facility, including the location and an explanation of the need for it, the project-specific environmental analysis is presented. This addresses: geology/seismicity, soils, biological resources, land use, air quality, water resources, water quality, wastes management, public/occupational health, safety, energy and material resources, cultural resources, socioeconomics, and aesthetics. For each of these areas, the setting is described, impacts analyzed, mitigation measures given where appropriate, and cumulative impacts described. Unavoidable adverse environmental effects, irreversible environmental changes and irretrievable commitments of energy and materials are summarized. Also briefly summarized is the relationship between local short-term use of the environment and the maintenance and enhancement of long-term productivity. Environmental benefits and disadvantages associated with various alternatives to building and operating the proposed solar photovoltaic power plant are described, considering project objectives other than producing electricity. (LEW)

Not Available

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Preliminary Evaluation of CO2 Impacts on Shallow Groundwater  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides preliminary results from an ongoing field, laboratory, and modeling investigation to determine if carbon dioxide (CO2) can have an adverse impact on potable groundwater. The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States Geological Survey (USGS), and Montana State University (MSU) have undertaken this investigation.

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "adverse material impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

MSD Molecular Materials - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Molecular Materials Molecular Materials Group carries out synthesis and characterization of novel materials whose unique properties originate at the molecular level. Our...

142

Material flow analysis of concrete in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Concrete is the second most consumed material in the world after water. Due to the sheer mass of concrete consumed annually and its associated resource and environmental impacts, improving the materials management of ...

Low, Man-Shi

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Alloy materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An alloy that contains at least two metals and can be used as a substrate for a superconductor is disclosed. The alloy can contain an oxide former. The alloy can have a biaxial or cube texture. The substrate can be used in a multilayer superconductor, which can further include one or more buffer layers disposed between the substrate and the superconductor material. The alloys can be made a by process that involves first rolling the alloy then annealing the alloy. A relatively large volume percentage of the alloy can be formed of grains having a biaxial or cube texture.

Hans Thieme, Cornelis Leo (Westborough, MA); Thompson, Elliott D. (Coventry, RI); Fritzemeier, Leslie G. (Acton, MA); Cameron, Robert D. (Franklin, MA); Siegal, Edward J. (Malden, MA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

EA-1714: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: Finding of No Significant Impact 4: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1714: Finding of No Significant Impact Toda America, Incorporated, Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Project, Battle Creek, Michigan Based on the analyses in the Environmental Assessment, DOE determined that it;s proposed action, awarding a Federal grant to Toda America, Incorporated for the construction of a new manufacturing plant, would result in no significant adverse impacts. Finding of No Significant Impact for Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Project Toda America, Incorporated Battle Creek, Michigan More Documents & Publications EA 1714: Final Environmental Assessment EA-1711: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1709: Finding of No Significant Impact

145

EA-1714: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EA-1714: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1714: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1714: Finding of No Significant Impact Toda America, Incorporated, Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Project, Battle Creek, Michigan Based on the analyses in the Environmental Assessment, DOE determined that it;s proposed action, awarding a Federal grant to Toda America, Incorporated for the construction of a new manufacturing plant, would result in no significant adverse impacts. Finding of No Significant Impact for Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Project Toda America, Incorporated Battle Creek, Michigan More Documents & Publications EA 1714: Final Environmental Assessment EA-1711: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1678: Finding of No Significant Impact

146

Photovoltaic Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of the current project was to help make the US solar industry a world leader in the manufacture of thin film photovoltaics. The overall approach was to leverage ORNL’s unique characterization and processing technologies to gain a better understanding of the fundamental challenges for solar cell processing and apply that knowledge to targeted projects with industry members. ORNL has the capabilities in place and the expertise required to understand how basic material properties including defects, impurities, and grain boundaries affect the solar cell performance. ORNL also has unique processing capabilities to optimize the manufacturing process for fabrication of high efficiency and low cost solar cells. ORNL recently established the Center for Advanced Thin-film Systems (CATS), which contains a suite of optical and electrical characterization equipment specifically focused on solar cell research. Under this project, ORNL made these facilities available to industrial partners who were interested in pursuing collaborative research toward the improvement of their product or manufacturing process. Four specific projects were pursued with industrial partners: Global Solar Energy is a solar industry leader in full scale production manufacturing highly-efficient Copper Indium Gallium diSelenide (CIGS) thin film solar material, cells and products. ORNL worked with GSE to develop a scalable, non-vacuum, solution technique to deposit amorphous or nanocrystalline conducting barrier layers on untextured stainless steel substrates for fabricating high efficiency flexible CIGS PV. Ferro Corporation’s Electronic, Color and Glass Materials (“ECGM”) business unit is currently the world’s largest supplier of metallic contact materials in the crystalline solar cell marketplace. Ferro’s ECGM business unit has been the world's leading supplier of thick film metal pastes to the crystalline silicon PV industry for more than 30 years, and has had operational cells and modules in the field for 25 years. Under this project, Ferro leveraged world leading analytical capabilities at ORNL to characterize the paste-to-silicon interface microstructure and develop high efficiency next generation contact pastes. Ampulse Corporation is developing a revolutionary crystalline-silicon (c-Si) thin-film solar photovoltaic (PV) technology. Utilizing uniquely-textured substrates and buffer materials from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and breakthroughs in Hot-Wire Chemical Vapor Deposition (HW-CVD) techniques in epitaxial silicon developed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Ampulse is creating a solar technology that is tunable in silicon thickness, and hence in efficiency and economics, to meet the specific requirements of multiple solar PV applications. This project focused on the development of a high rate deposition process to deposit Si, Ge, and Si1-xGex films as an alternate to hot-wire CVD. Mossey Creek Solar is a start-up company with great expertise in the solar field. The primary interest is to create and preserve jobs in the solar sector by developing high-yield, low-cost, high-efficiency solar cells using MSC-patented and -proprietary technologies. The specific goal of this project was to produce large grain formation in thin, net-shape-thickness mc-Si wafers processed with high-purity silicon powder and ORNL's plasma arc lamp melting without introducing impurities that compromise absorption coefficient and carrier lifetime. As part of this project, ORNL also added specific pieces of equipment to enhance our ability to provide unique insight for the solar industry. These capabilities include a moisture barrier measurement system, a combined physical vapor deposition and sputtering system dedicated to cadmium-containing deposits, adeep level transient spectroscopy system useful for identifying defects, an integrating sphere photoluminescence system, and a high-speed ink jet printing system. These tools were combined with others to study the effect of defects on the performance of crystalline silicon and

Duty, C.; Angelini, J.; Armstrong, B.; Bennett, C.; Evans, B.; Jellison, G. E.; Joshi, P.; List, F.; Paranthaman, P.; Parish, C.; Wereszczak, A.

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

147

Functional Materials for Energy | Advanced Materials | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Storage Fuel Cells Thermoelectrics Separations Materials Catalysis Sensor Materials Polymers and Composites Carbon Fiber Related Research Chemistry and Physics at Interfaces Materials Synthesis from Atoms to Systems Materials Characterization Materials Theory and Simulation Energy Frontier Research Centers Advanced Materials Home | Science & Discovery | Advanced Materials | Research Areas | Functional Materials for Energy SHARE Functional Materials for Energy The concept of functional materials for energy occupies a very prominent position in ORNL's research and more broadly the scientific research sponsored by DOE's Basic Energy Sciences. These materials facilitate the capture and transformation of energy, the storage of energy or the efficient release and utilization of stored energy. A different kind of

148

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ESTABLISHED MATERIALS TECHNOLOGIES ... Specifically, digital resources are available relating to materials for nuclear power, materials sustainability, and  ...

149

Information about Materials Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 6   Examples of materials information required during detail design...identification Material class (metal, plastic, ceramic composite) Material subclass Material industry designation Material product form Material condition designation (temper, heat treatment, etc.) Material specification Material alternative names Material component designations (composite/assembly)...

150

Economic impact  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In federal fiscal year 2000 (FY00), Berkeley Lab had 4,347 full- and part-time employees. In addition, at any given time of the year, there were more than 1,000 Laboratory guests. These guests, who also reside locally, have an important economic impact on the nine-county Bay Area. However, Berkeley Lab's total economic impact transcends the direct effects of payroll and purchasing. The direct dollars paid to the Lab's employees in the form of wages, salaries, and benefits, and payments made to contractors for goods and services, are respent by employees and contractors again and again in the local and greater economy. Further, while Berkeley Lab has a strong reputation for basic scientific research, many of the Lab's scientific discoveries and inventions have had direct application in industry, spawning new businesses and creating new opportunities for existing firms. This analysis updates the Economic Impact Analysis done in 1996, and its purpose is to describe the economic and geographic impact of Laboratory expenditures and to provide a qualitative understanding of how Berkeley Lab impacts and supports the local community. It is intended as a guide for state, local, and national policy makers as well as local community members. Unless otherwise noted, this analysis uses data from FY00, the most recent year for which full data are available.

Technology Transfer Department

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

A constitutive equation for ceramic materials used in lightweight armors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A constitutive model to simulate the behavior of ceramic materials under impact loading is proposed in order to achieve a better representation of the damage process due to the material fragmentation. To integrate the proposed constitutive equations, ... Keywords: Armor, Ceramic, Constitutive equation, Damage, Impact, Return mapping algorithm

D. Fernández-Fdz; R. Zaera; J. Fernández-Sáez

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

TAO: Impact  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Impact Impact Home Download Documentation Publications Referencing TAO Impact Who We Are Acknowledgements License Contact Us Research and Publications that make use of TAO Dressed TDDFT study of low-lying electronic excited states in selected linear polyenes and diphenylopolyenes, Mazur, G., Makowski, M., Włodarczyk, R., and Aoki, Y., International Journal of Quantum Chemistry, 111, 4, 819--825, 2011. BibTeX Secondary thermal cracks in EGS: a variational approach, Bourdin, B., Knepley, M., and Maurini, C., Proceedings of the 34th annual meeting of the Geothermal resources council, 2010. BibTeX Adaptive Real-Time Bioheat Transfer Models for Computer Driven MR-guided Laser Induced Thermal Therapy, Fuentes, D., Feng, Y., Elliott, A., Shetty, A., McNichols, R. J., Oden, J. T., and Stafford, R. J., IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., 5, 1024--1030, 2010. BibTeX

153

Kinase inhibition-related adverse events predicted from in vitro kinome and clinical trial data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Background: Kinase inhibition is an increasingly popular strategy for pharmacotherapy of human diseases. Although many of these agents have been described as ''targeted therapy'', they will typically inhibit multiple kinases with varying potency. Pre-clinical ... Keywords: AE, Adverse event, Computational modeling, KT, Kd, Kinase inhibitor, Kinome, PKI, Toxicity, Translational bioinformatics

Xinan Yang; Yong Huang; Matthew Crowson; Jianrong Li; Michael L. Maitland; Yves A. Lussier

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Mitigation of adverse interactions in pairs of clinical practice guidelines using constraint logic programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a new method to mitigate (identify and address) adverse interactions (drug-drug or drug-disease) that occur when a patient with comorbid diseases is managed according to two concurrently applied clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). A lack ... Keywords: Clinical decision support, Clinical practice guideline, Comorbid diseases, Constraint logic programming, Domain knowledge

Szymon Wilk; Wojtek Michalowski; Martin Michalowski; Ken Farion; Marisela Mainegra Hing; Subhra Mohapatra

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Impact of Vanadium Addition on API X100 Steel - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2013. Symposium, Tubular Processing & Technology. Presentation Title, Impact of Vanadium ...

156

Materials Science Evaluation Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Home > Materials Science Evaluation Portal. Materials Science Evaluation Portal. Subject Areas. Modeling; Nondestructive; ...

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

157

Materials Performance Staff  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Kinetics Staff; Materials Science and Engineering Division Staff Directory; MML Organization. Contact. Materials Performance ...

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

158

EA-1711: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EA-1711: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1711: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1711: Finding of No Significant Impact Saft America, Inc. Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Application, Jacksonville, Florida Based on the analyses in the environmental assessment, DOE determined that its proposed action, awarding a federal grant to Saft America, Inc to construct and operate a high-volume manufacturing plant to make advanced lithium-ion cells and batteries, would result in no significant adverse impacts. Finding of No Significant Impact for Saft America, Inc. Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Application, Jacksonville, Florida More Documents & Publications EA-1711: Final Environmental Assessment EA-1709: Finding of No Significant Impact

159

EA-1699: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9: Finding of No Significant Impact 9: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1699: Finding of No Significant Impact Pope/Douglas Third Combustor Expansion Project, Alexandria, Minnesota The United States Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory (DOE NETL) prepared this Environmental Assessment (EA) to analyze the potential environmental impacts of providing funding for the proposed Pope/Douglas Third Combustor Expansion Project in Alexandria, Minnesota. Based on the EA, DOE determined that its proposed action would result in no significant adverse impacts to the human environment Finding of No significant Impact for the Pope/Douglas Third Combustor Expansion Project, Alexandria, Minnesota, DOE/EA-1699 (May 2010) More Documents & Publications EA-1699: Final Environmental Assessment

160

EA-1725: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5: Finding of No Significant Impact 5: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1725: Finding of No Significant Impact SBE, Inc. Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Application, Power Ring Manufacturing Scale-up, Barre, Vermont Based on the analyses in the Environmental Assessment, DOE determined that its proposed action, awarding a federal grant to SBE Inc. to establish an advanced Direct Current Bus capacitor manufacturing facility, would result in no significant adverse impacts. Finding of No Significant Impact for SBE, Inc. Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Application Barre, Vermont More Documents & Publications EA-1725: Final Environmental Assessment Vermont Recovery Act State Memo EA-1722: Finding of No Significant Impact

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "adverse material impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

EA-1753: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

753: Finding of No Significant Impact 753: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1753: Finding of No Significant Impact Beacon Power Corporation Flywheel Frequency Regulation Plant, Chicago Heights, Illinois Based on the analyses in the environmental assessment (EA), DOE determined that its proposed action--awarding a federal grand to Beacon Power Corporation (Beacon Power) to facilitate installation and operation of a 20-megawatt flywheel frequency regulation plant--would result in no significant adverse impacts. DOE further determined that the proposed project could result in beneficial impacts o the nation's energy efficiency and air quality. Operating the flywheel plant could result in a decrease in carbon dioxide emissions from regional power plants. In addition, there would be small positive socioeconomic impacts from the expenditures for the

162

EA-1753: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Finding of No Significant Impact 3: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1753: Finding of No Significant Impact Beacon Power Corporation Flywheel Frequency Regulation Plant, Chicago Heights, Illinois Based on the analyses in the environmental assessment (EA), DOE determined that its proposed action--awarding a federal grand to Beacon Power Corporation (Beacon Power) to facilitate installation and operation of a 20-megawatt flywheel frequency regulation plant--would result in no significant adverse impacts. DOE further determined that the proposed project could result in beneficial impacts o the nation's energy efficiency and air quality. Operating the flywheel plant could result in a decrease in carbon dioxide emissions from regional power plants. In addition, there would be small positive socioeconomic impacts from the expenditures for the

163

EA-1711: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: Finding of No Significant Impact 1: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1711: Finding of No Significant Impact Saft America, Inc. Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Application, Jacksonville, Florida Based on the analyses in the environmental assessment, DOE determined that its proposed action, awarding a federal grant to Saft America, Inc to construct and operate a high-volume manufacturing plant to make advanced lithium-ion cells and batteries, would result in no significant adverse impacts. Finding of No Significant Impact for Saft America, Inc. Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Application, Jacksonville, Florida More Documents & Publications EA-1711: Final Environmental Assessment EA-1709: Finding of No Significant Impact

164

Aluminum Honeycomb Impact Limiter Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scale model testing, static-materials testing, and static and dynamic structural analyses of data on impact limiters provided data for NRC licensing of a spent-fuel transport cask. The analysis of quarter-scale drop test data is reconciled with static and dynamic structural analysis data produced using the ANSYS program.

1991-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

165

Economic impact study of consumer product efficiencies. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The economic impact study of household appliance efficiencies is briefly reported. Task I, Direct Impact on Industry, contains 4 subtasks: materials, labor inputs, energy inputs, and investment. Task II, Direct Impact on Consumers, contains 3 subtasks: life-cycle cost to the consumer, usage patterns, and long-term demand forecast and analysis. The 2 subtasks in Task III, Energy Savings and Impact on Utilities, are residential energy savings and cost and impact on utility generating capacity.

1980-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

166

Gas storage materials, including hydrogen storage materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A material for the storage and release of gases comprises a plurality of hollow elements, each hollow element comprising a porous wall enclosing an interior cavity, the interior cavity including structures of a solid-state storage material. In particular examples, the storage material is a hydrogen storage material such as a solid state hydride. An improved method for forming such materials includes the solution diffusion of a storage material solution through a porous wall of a hollow element into an interior cavity.

Mohtadi, Rana F; Wicks, George G; Heung, Leung K; Nakamura, Kenji

2013-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

167

Functional Materials for Energy | Advanced Materials | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Storage Fuel Cells Thermoelectrics Separations Materials Catalysis Sensor Materials Polymers and Composites Carbon Fiber Related Research Chemistry and Physics at...

168

Materials Science & Tech Division | Advanced Materials | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

accident tolerant fuels, and providing the materials underpinning for fusion energy. The nuclear materials program leverages off both fundamental and applied capabilities within...

169

Sandia National Labs: Materials Science & Engineering, Materials...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING HOME OrganizationMission Capabilities Awards & Accomplishments Patents MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING CENTER Techniques 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 These are...

170

Density of Spray-Formed Materials  

SciTech Connect

Spray Forming is an advanced materials processing technology that transforms molten metal into a near-net-shape solid by depositing atomized droplets onto a substrate. Depending on the application, the spray-formed material may be used in the as-deposited condition or it may undergo post-deposition processing. Regardless, the density of the as-deposited material is an important issue. Porosity is detrimental because it can significantly reduce strength, toughness, hardness and other properties. While it is not feasible to achieve fully-dense material in the as-deposited state, density greater than 99% of theoretical density is possible if the atomization and impact conditions are optimized. Thermal conditions at the deposit surface and droplet impact angle are key processing parameters that influence the density of the material. This paper examines the factors that contribute to porosity formation during spray forming and illustrates that very high as-deposited density is achieved by optimizing processing parameters.

Kevin M. McHugh; Volker Uhlenwinkel; Nils Ellendr

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Materials Project: A Materials Genome Approach  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Technological innovation - faster computers, more efficient solar cells, more compact energy storage - is often enabled by materials advances. Yet, it takes an average of 18 years to move new materials discoveries from lab to market. This is largely because materials designers operate with very little information and must painstakingly tweak new materials in the lab. Computational materials science is now powerful enough that it can predict many properties of materials before those materials are ever synthesized in the lab. By scaling materials computations over supercomputing clusters, this project has computed some properties of over 80,000 materials and screened 25,000 of these for Li-ion batteries. The computations predicted several new battery materials which were made and tested in the lab and are now being patented. By computing properties of all known materials, the Materials Project aims to remove guesswork from materials design in a variety of applications. Experimental research can be targeted to the most promising compounds from computational data sets. Researchers will be able to data-mine scientific trends in materials properties. By providing materials researchers with the information they need to design better, the Materials Project aims to accelerate innovation in materials research.[copied from http://materialsproject.org/about] You will be asked to register to be granted free, full access.

Ceder, Gerbrand [MIT; Persson, Kristin [LBNL

172

Procedures for Interagency Consultation to Avoid or Mitigate Adverse Effects on Rivers in the Nationwide Inventory  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Procedures for Interagency Consultation to Avoid or Mitigate Adverse Effects Procedures for Interagency Consultation to Avoid or Mitigate Adverse Effects on Rivers in the Nationwide Inventory These procedures are designed to assist federal officials in complying with the President's directive (attached) to protect rivers in the Nationwide Inventory through the normal environmental analysis process. NEOA, E.O. 1 15 14, CEQ's NEPA Regulations, and agency implementing procedures should be used to meet the President's directive. Although the steps outlined below pertain to wild and scenic river protection, they also fit clearly within agencies' existing environmental analysis processes. Agencies are already required: to identify and analyze the environmental effects of their actions; to consult with agencies with jurisdiction by law or special expertise (in this case, the National Park Service (NPS)); to

173

Materials Under Extremes | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Defect Physics Lightweight Related Research Functional Materials for Energy Chemistry and Physics at Interfaces Materials Synthesis from Atoms to Systems...

174

NETL: Advanced Research - Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Performance Materials High Temperature Materials The environment inside a slagging gasifier is one of the worst imaginable from a materials standpoint. Another extreme...

175

Nuclear Materials Committee  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Nuclear Materials Committee is part of the Structural Materials Division. Our Mission: Includes the scientific and technical aspects of materials which are ...

176

High impact resistant ceramic composite  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A ceramic material and a method of forming a ceramic material which possesses a high impact resistance are disclosed. The material comprises: (a) a first continuous phase of [beta]-SiC; and (b) a second phase of about 25-40 vol % TiB[sub 2]. Al[sub 2]O[sub 3] is preferably used as a densification aid. The material is formed by hot-pressing the mixture at a temperature from greater than about 1800 C to less than the transition temperature of [beta]-SiC to [alpha]-SiC. The hot-pressing is performed at a pressure of about 2000 psi to about 4000 psi in an inert atmosphere for several hours and results in the formation of a two phase sintered ceramic composite material. 6 figures.

Derkacy, J.A.

1991-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

177

High impact resistant ceramic composite  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A ceramic material and a method of forming a ceramic material which possesses a high impact resistance. The material comprises: (a) a first continuous phase of .beta.-SiC; and (b) a second phase of about 25-40 vol % TiB.sub.2. Al.sub.2 O.sub.3 is preferably used as a densification aid. The material is formed by hot-pressing the mixture at a temperature from greater than about 1800.degree. C. to less than the transition temperature of .beta.-SiC to .alpha.-SiC. The hot-pressing is performed at a pressure of about 2000 psi to about 4000 psi in an inert atmosphere for several hours and results in the formation of a two phase sintered ceramic composite material.

Derkacy, James A. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1991-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

178

Internet exchanges for used goods: an empirical analysis of trade patterns and adverse selection1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the past few years, we have witnessed the increasing ubiquity of user-generated content on seller reputation and product condition in Internet-based used-good markets. Recent theoretical models of trading and sorting in used-good markets provide testable ... Keywords: adverse selection, electronic markets, information asymmetry, information uncertainty, product quality, seller reputation, text analysis, trade patterns, used goods, user-generated content

Anindya Ghose

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Predicting Nonauditory Adverse Radiation Effects Following Radiosurgery for Vestibular Schwannoma: A Volume and Dosimetric Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To define clinical and dosimetric predictors of nonauditory adverse radiation effects after radiosurgery for vestibular schwannoma treated with a 12 Gy prescription dose. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed our experience of vestibular schwannoma patients treated between September 2005 and December 2009. Two hundred patients were treated at a 12 Gy prescription dose; 80 had complete clinical and radiological follow-up for at least 24 months (median, 28.5 months). All treatment plans were reviewed for target volume and dosimetry characteristics; gradient index; homogeneity index, defined as the maximum dose in the treatment volume divided by the prescription dose; conformity index; brainstem; and trigeminal nerve dose. All adverse radiation effects (ARE) were recorded. Because the intent of our study was to focus on the nonauditory adverse effects, hearing outcome was not evaluated in this study. Results: Twenty-seven (33.8%) patients developed ARE, 5 (6%) developed hydrocephalus, 10 (12.5%) reported new ataxia, 17 (21%) developed trigeminal dysfunction, 3 (3.75%) had facial weakness, and 1 patient developed hemifacial spasm. The development of edema within the pons was significantly associated with ARE (p = 0.001). On multivariate analysis, only target volume is a significant predictor of ARE (p = 0.001). There is a target volume threshold of 5 cm3, above which ARE are more likely. The treatment plan dosimetric characteristics are not associated with ARE, although the maximum dose to the 5th nerve is a significant predictor of trigeminal dysfunction, with a threshold of 9 Gy. The overall 2-year tumor control rate was 96%. Conclusions: Target volume is the most important predictor of adverse radiation effects, and we identified the significant treatment volume threshold to be 5 cm3. We also established through our series that the maximum tolerable dose to the 5th nerve is 9 Gy.

Hayhurst, Caroline; Monsalves, Eric; Bernstein, Mark; Gentili, Fred [Gamma Knife Unit, Division of Neurosurgery, University Health Network, Toronto (Canada); Heydarian, Mostafa; Tsao, May [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto (Canada); Schwartz, Michael [Radiation Oncology Program and Division of Neurosurgery, Sunnybrook Hospital, Toronto (Canada); Prooijen, Monique van [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto (Canada); Millar, Barbara-Ann; Menard, Cynthia [Radiation Oncology Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto (Canada); Kulkarni, Abhaya V. [Division of Neurosurgery, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto (Canada); Laperriere, Norm [Radiation Oncology Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto (Canada); Zadeh, Gelareh, E-mail: Gelareh.Zadeh@uhn.on.ca [Gamma Knife Unit, Division of Neurosurgery, University Health Network, Toronto (Canada)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Environmental Impact Statements (EIS) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May 1, 2002 May 1, 2002 EIS-0303: Final Environmental Impact Statement High-Level Waste Tank Closure March 1, 2002 EIS-0333: Draft Environmental Impact Statement Bonneville Power Administration, Benton County, Washington February 1, 2002 EIS-0332: Draft Environmental Impact Statement McNary-John Day Transmission Line Project February 1, 2002 EIS-0325: Draft Environmental Impact Statement Schultz-Hanford Area Transmission Line Project January 1, 2002 EIS-0333: Final Environmental Impact Statement Bonneville Power Administration, Maiden Wind Farm November 1, 2001 EIS-0309: Final Site-Wide Environmental Impact Statement Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant August 1, 2001 EIS-0319: Draft Environmental Impact Statement Proposed Relocation or Technical Area 18 Capabilities and Material at Los Alamos National Lab

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "adverse material impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Materials Challenges in Nuclear Energy  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear power currently provides about 13% of the worldwide electrical power, and has emerged as a reliable baseload source of electricity. A number of materials challenges must be successfully resolved for nuclear energy to continue to make further improvements in reliability, safety and economics. The operating environment for materials in current and proposed future nuclear energy systems is summarized, along with a description of materials used for the main operating components. Materials challenges associated with power uprates and extensions of the operating lifetimes of reactors are described. The three major materials challenges for the current and next generation of water-cooled fission reactors are centered on two structural materials aging degradation issues (corrosion and stress corrosion cracking of structural materials and neutron-induced embrittlement of reactor pressure vessels), along with improved fuel system reliability and accident tolerance issues. The major corrosion and stress corrosion cracking degradation mechanisms for light water reactors are reviewed. The materials degradation issues for the Zr alloy clad UO2 fuel system currently utilized in the majority of commercial nuclear power plants is discussed for normal and off-normal operating conditions. Looking to proposed future (Generation IV) fission and fusion energy systems, there are 5 key bulk radiation degradation effects (low temperature radiation hardening and embrittlement, radiation-induced and modified solute segregation and phase stability, irradiation creep, void swelling, and high temperature helium embrittlement) and a multitude of corrosion and stress corrosion cracking effects (including irradiation-assisted phenomena) that can have a major impact on the performance of structural materials.

Zinkle, Steven J [ORNL; Was, Gary [University of Michigan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Technology's Impact on Production  

SciTech Connect

As part of a cooperative agreement with the United States Department of Energy (DOE) - entitled Technology's Impact on Production: Developing Environmental Solutions at the State and National Level - the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) has been tasked with assisting state governments in the effective, efficient, and environmentally sound regulation of the exploration and production of natural gas and crude oil, specifically in relation to orphaned and abandoned wells and wells nearing the end of productive life. Project goals include: (1) Developing (a) a model framework for prioritization and ranking of orphaned or abandoned well sites; (b) a model framework for disbursement of Energy Policy Act of 2005 funding; and (c) a research study regarding the current status of orphaned wells in the nation. (2) Researching the impact of new technologies on environmental protection from a regulatory perspective. Research will identify and document (a) state reactions to changing technology and knowledge; (b) how those reactions support state environmental conservation and public health; and (c) the impact of those reactions on oil and natural gas production. (3) Assessing emergent technology issues associated with wells nearing the end of productive life. Including: (a) location of orphaned and abandoned well sites; (b) well site remediation; (c) plugging materials; (d) plug placement; (e) the current regulatory environment; and (f) the identification of emergent technologies affecting end of life wells. New Energy Technologies - Regulating Change, is the result of research performed for Tasks 2 and 3.

Rachel Amann; Ellis Deweese; Deborah Shipman

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

183

Technology's Impact on Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of a cooperative agreement with the United States Department of Energy (DOE) ?? entitled Technology’s Impact on Production: Developing Environmental Solutions at the State and National Level ? ? the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) has been tasked with assisting state governments in the effective, efficient, and environmentally sound regulation of the exploration and production of natural gas and crude oil, specifically in relation to orphaned and abandoned wells and wells nearing the end of productive life. Project goals include: Developing (a) a model framework for prioritization and ranking of orphaned or abandoned well sites; (b) a model framework for disbursement of Energy Policy Act of 2005 funding; and (c) a research study regarding the current status of orphaned wells in the nation. Researching the impact of new technologies on environmental protection from a regulatory perspective. Research will identify and document (a) state reactions to changing technology and knowledge; (b) how those reactions support state environmental conservation and public health; and (c) the impact of those reactions on oil and natural gas production. Assessing emergent technology issues associated with wells nearing the end of productive life. Including: (a) location of orphaned and abandoned well sites; (b) well site remediation; (c) plugging materials; (d) plug placement; (e) the current regulatory environment; and (f) the identification of emergent technologies affecting end of life wells. New Energy Technologies ??Regulating Change, is the result of research performed for Tasks 2 and 3.

Amann, Rachel; Deweese, Ellis; Shipman, Deborah

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

184

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 28, 2012 ... Administrative & Policy Manual .... Materials and Society: Energy Technology, Policy, and Education; Materials Processing and Production; and ...

185

Magnetic Materials Staff  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Materials Science and Engineering Division Staff Directory; MML Organization. Contact. Magnetic Materials Group Robert Shull, Group Leader. ...

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

186

Anisotropic Curie Temperature Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Magnetic Materials for Energy Applications -III. Presentation Title, Anisotropic Curie Temperature Materials. Author(s), Harsh Deep Chopra, Jason ...

187

Material Properties References  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Thermal Conductivity. LNG Materials and Fluids. Ed. ... Aluminum 3003. Linear thermal expansion. LNG Materials and Fluids. Ed. ...

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

188

emerging materials - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

…plenary discussion. Energy and Security; Nuclear Materials; Fuel Cells; Materials for Alternative Energy Applications. Advanced Metallic Composites and  ...

189

Bioinspired Materials Engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conference Tools for Materials Science & Technology 2014 ... structured functional materials with improved and designed (piezo )electrical, magnetic, optical, ...

190

Multiscale Modeling of Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 27, 2009 ... Parametric materials design integrating materials science, applied mechanics and quantum physics within a systems engineering framework ...

191

Radiation Shields Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2009. Symposium, Materials Solutions for the Nuclear Renaissance. Presentation Title, Radiation ...

192

Nanomechanical Materials Behavior Committee  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Nanomechanical Materials Behavior Committee is part of the Materials Processing & Manufacturing Division;. Our Mission: Focuses on the nanomechanical ...

193

EA-1715: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finding of No Significant Impact Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1715: Finding of No Significant Impact Chemetall Foote Corporation, Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative, Kings Mountain, North Carolina and Silver Peak, Nevada The U.S. Department of Energy proposes, through a cooperative agreement with Chemetall Foote Corporation (Chemetall) to partially fund: (1) the establishment of a new 5,000 metric ton per year lithium hydroxide plant at an existing Chemetall facility in Kings Mountain, North Carolina; and (2) the refurbishment and expansion of an existing lithium brine production facility and lithium carbonate plant in Silver Peak, Nevada. DOE determined that there would be no significant adverse impacts associated with its proposed action. Finding of No Significant Impact For Chemetall Foote Corporation Electric

194

EA-1851: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EA-1851: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1851: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1851: Finding of No Significant Impact Delphi Automotive Systems, LLC Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Application (December 2011) For more information, contact: Ms. Pierina Fayish U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory P.O. Box 10940, MS 922-M217 Pittsburgh, PA 15236 Fax: (412) 386-4775 Email: Pierina.Fayish@netl.doe.gov Based on the analysis in the EA, DOE has determined that the proposed action would not result in no significant adverse impacts and therefore has issued this Finding of No Significant Impact. EA-1851-FONSI-2011.pdf More Documents & Publications EA-1851: Final Environmental Assessment EA-1851: Draft Environmental Assessment EA-1723: Draft Supplemental Environmental Assessment

195

EA-1785: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

785: Finding of No Significant Impact 785: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1785: Finding of No Significant Impact Phase III Anthropogenic Test Characterization Project, Mobile County, Alabama Based on the analyses in the environmental assessment, DOE determined that its proposed action - awarding a federal grant to Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership to inject 125,000 tons of carbon dioxide per year for three years into a deep saline aquifer - would result in no significant adverse impacts. Finding of No Significant Impact for Southeast regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Phase III Anthropogenic Test Project Citronelle, Alabama More Documents & Publications EA-1785: Final Environmental Assessment Geologic Carbon Dioxide Storage Field Projects Supported by DOE's Sequestration Program

196

EIS-0372: Draft Environmental Impact Statement | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Environmental Impact Statement Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0372: Draft Environmental Impact Statement Bangor Hydro-Electric Company (BHE) Northeast Reliability Interconnect The purpose and need for DOE's action is to respond to BHE's request to amend Presidential Permit PP-89. DOE may issue or amend a Presidential permit if it determines that the action is in the public interest and after obtaining favorable recommendations from the U.S. Departments of State and Defense. In determining whether issuance or amendment of a permit for a proposed action is in the public interest, DOE considers the environmental impacts of the proposed project pursuant to NEPA, the project's impact on electric reliability by ascertaining whether the proposed project would adversely affect the operation of the U.S. electric power supply system

197

EA-1754: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finding of No Significant Impact Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1754: Finding of No Significant Impact Public Service Company of New Mexico, Photovoltaic Plus Battery for Simultaneous Voltage Smoothing and Peak Shifting Project, Bernalillo County, New Mexico Based on the analysis in the environmental assessment, DOE determined that the proposed action - providing federal asssitance to Public Service Company of New Mexico to facilitate the installation of an advanced absorbed valve-regulated lead acid battery for voltage smoothing and peak shifting - would result in no significant adverse impacts. Finding of No Significant Impact for the Public Service Company of New Mexico Photovoltaic Plus Battery for Simultaneous Voltage Smoothing and Peak Shifting Project, Bernalillo County, New Mexico

198

EA-1745: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finding of No Significant Impact Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1745: Finding of No Significant Impact Blast Furnace Gas Flare Capture Project at the ArcelorMittal USA, Inc., Indiana Harbor Steel Mill, East Chicago, Indiana Based on the analyses in the environmental assessment, DOE determined that its proposed action - awarding a federal grant to ArcelorMittal USA, Inc. to facilitate construction and operation of a boiler system that would convert blast furnace waste gas into electricity - would result in no significant adverse impacts. Finding of No Significant Impact for the Blast Furnace Gas Flare Capture Project at the Arcelormittal USA, Inc. Indiana Harbor Steel Mill, East Chicago, Indiana More Documents & Publications EA-1745: Final Environmental Assessment Project_Descriptions_ITP_ARRA_Awards.xls

199

EA-1742: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finding of No Significant Impact Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1742: Finding of No Significant Impact Rhode Island LFG Genco, LLC Combined Cycle Electricity Generation Plant Fueled by Landfill Gas, Johnston, Rhode Island Based on the analyses in the Environmental Assessment, DOE determined that its proposed action - awarding a federal grant to Rhode Island LFG Genco, LLC to facilitate expansion of an existing landfill gas collection system and construction and operation of a combined cycle landfill gas-to-electricity generating plant - would result in no significant adverse impacts. Finding of No Significant Impact for the Rhode Island LFg Genco, LLC Combined Cycle Electricity Generation Plant Fueled by Landfill Gas Johnston, Rhode Island More Documents & Publications EA-1742: Final Environmental Assessment

200

EA-1775: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finding of No Significant Impact Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1775: Finding of No Significant Impact Texas A&M University Combined Heat and Power Project, College Station, Texas DOE completed the Final Environmental Assessment for the Texas A&M University Combined Heat and power Project, College Station, Texas (DOE/EA-1775). Based on the analyses in the EA, DOE determined that its proposed action-awarding a federal grant to Texas A&A University to facilitate installatino and operation of a high-efficiency combined heat and power system that would produce steam for heating and cooling as well as generate electricity-would result in no significant adverse impacts. FInding of No Significant Impact for the Txas A&M University Combined Heat and power Project, College Station, Texas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "adverse material impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

EA-1533: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finding of No Significant Impact Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1533: Finding of No Significant Impact Proposed Gas Main and Distribution System Upgrade, Pantex Plant, Amarillo, Texas This environmental assessment (EA) provides sufficient evidence and analysis for the Department of Energy (DOE)/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) to conclude that potential adverse effects from the upgrade of the distribution system within plant boundaries and the construction of a 10-inch gas main off the plant site for a length of 8.6 miles would be minimal, under normal conditions. A Finding of No Significant Impact is appropriate for the proposed action. Finding of No Significant Impact for the Proposed Gas Main and Distribution System Upgrade, Pantex Plant, Amarillo, Texas More Documents & Publications

202

EA-1723: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finding of No Significant Impact Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1723: Finding of No Significant Impact General Motors LLC Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Application, White Marsh, Maryland, and Wixom, Michigan Based on the analyses in the environmental assessment, DOE determined that its proposed action - awarding a federal grant to General Motors, LLC to establish a second-generation Global Rear-Wheel Electric drive unit components facilities - would result in no significant adverse impacts. Finding of No Significant Impact for General Motors, LLC Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Application White Marsh, Maryland and Wixom, Michigan More Documents & Publications EA-1723: Final Environmental Assessment EA-1723: Draft Supplemental Environmental Assessment

203

EA-1709: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

09: Finding of No Significant Impact 09: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1709: Finding of No Significant Impact Compact Power, Inc., Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Application, Holland, Michigan DOE prepared this EA to evaluate the potential environmental consequences of providing an American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 financial assistance grant to Compact Power, Inc. to facilitate the construction and operation of a high-volume manufacturing plant to build advanced lithium-ion cells and batteries. DOE determined that its proposed action would result in no significant adverse impacts. Finding of No Significant Impact for Compact Power, Inc. Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Application, Holland, Michigan, DOE/EA-1709 (April 2010)

204

EA-1740: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

740: Finding of No Significant Impact 740: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1740: Finding of No Significant Impact Thermal Energy Corporation Combined Heat and Power Project Houston, Texas DOE completed the Final Environmental Assessment (EA) for the Thermal Energy Corporation Combined Heat and Power Project, Houston, Texas (DOE/EA-1740). Based on the analyses in the EA, DOE determined that its proposed action-awarding a federal grant to the Thermal Energy Corporation (TECO) to facilitate installationg of a combined heat and power (CHP) system at the Texas Medical Center's district power plant in Houston, Texas-would result in no significant adverse impacts. Finding of No SIgnificant Impact and Floodplain Statement of FIndings for the Thermal Energy Corporation Combined Heat and Power Project, Houston,

205

EA-1719: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

19: Finding of No Significant Impact 19: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1719: Finding of No Significant Impact Novolyte Technologies, Inc. Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Project, Zachary, Louisiana DOE determined that there would be no significant adverse impacts from DOE's proposed action of awarding a grant to Novolyte Technologies, Inc. to partially fund its expansion of a plant in Zachary, Louisiana, thereby increasing the plant's capacity to manufacture lithium electrolytes. This expansion would support the anticipated growth in the lithium-ion battery industry and, more specifically, the electric drive vehicle industry and hybrid-electric vehicle industry. DOe further determined that there could be beneficial impacts to the local economy and reduction in greenhouse gas

206

EA-1740: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0: Finding of No Significant Impact 0: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1740: Finding of No Significant Impact Thermal Energy Corporation Combined Heat and Power Project Houston, Texas DOE completed the Final Environmental Assessment (EA) for the Thermal Energy Corporation Combined Heat and Power Project, Houston, Texas (DOE/EA-1740). Based on the analyses in the EA, DOE determined that its proposed action-awarding a federal grant to the Thermal Energy Corporation (TECO) to facilitate installationg of a combined heat and power (CHP) system at the Texas Medical Center's district power plant in Houston, Texas-would result in no significant adverse impacts. Finding of No SIgnificant Impact and Floodplain Statement of FIndings for the Thermal Energy Corporation Combined Heat and Power Project, Houston,

207

EA-1744: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EA-1744: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1744: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1744: Finding of No Significant Impact Brea Power II, LLC's Olinda Combined Cycle Electric Generating Plant Fueled by Waste Landfill Gas, Brea, California Based in the analyses in the Environmental Assessment, DOE determined that its proposed action - awarding a grant to Brea Power II, LLC to facilitate modifcation and expansion of an existing landfill gas collection system and construction and operation of a combined cycle power facility at the Olinda Alpha Landfill in Brea, California - would result in no significant adverse impacts. Finding of No Significant Impact for the Brea Power II, LLC's Olinda Combined Cycle Electric Generating Plant Fueled by Waste Landfill Gas, Brea, California More Documents & Publications

208

EA-1851: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finding of No Significant Impact Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1851: Finding of No Significant Impact Delphi Automotive Systems, LLC Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Application (December 2011) For more information, contact: Ms. Pierina Fayish U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory P.O. Box 10940, MS 922-M217 Pittsburgh, PA 15236 Fax: (412) 386-4775 Email: Pierina.Fayish@netl.doe.gov Based on the analysis in the EA, DOE has determined that the proposed action would not result in no significant adverse impacts and therefore has issued this Finding of No Significant Impact. EA-1851-FONSI-2011.pdf More Documents & Publications EA-1851: Final Environmental Assessment EA-1851: Draft Environmental Assessment EA-1869: Final Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant

209

EA-1706: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finding of No Significant Impact Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1706: Finding of No Significant Impact West Tennessee Solar Farm Project, Haywood County, Tennessee Based on the analyses in the environmental assessment, DOE determined that its proposed action - allowing the State of Tennessee to use some of its State Energy Program funds to assist in the development of the West Tennessee Solar Farm Project - would not result in any significant adverse impacts. Finding of No Significant Impact for the West Tennessee Solar Farm Project Haywood County, Tennessee More Documents & Publications EA-1706: Mitigation Action Plan EA-1706: Final Environmental Assessment 2012 Annual Planning Summary for Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, RMOTC, and Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office

210

EA-1756: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6: Finding of No Significant Impact 6: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1756: Finding of No Significant Impact Battelle Memorial Institute's Smart Grid Project at the City of Ellensburg's Renewable Energy Park, Kittitas County, Washington Based on the analysis in the environmental assessment, DOE determined that the proposed action - providing federal assistance to Battelle Memorial Institute to facilitate the installaion of 540 additional solar panels, 10 solar concentrating modules, and 8 small wind energy generating systems at the City of Ellensburg's Renewable Energy Park - would result in no significant adverse impacts. Finding of No Significant Impact for the Battelle Memorial Institute's Smart Grid Project at the City of Ellensburg's Renewable Energy Park, Kittitas County, Washington

211

EA-1743: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Finding of No Significant Impact 3: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1743: Finding of No Significant Impact Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. Waste Energy Project at the AK Steel Corporation Middletown Works, Middletown, Ohio Based on the analyses in the environmental assessment, DOE determined that its proposed action - awarding a federal grant to Air Products and Chemicals, Inc to facilitate construction and operation of a waste energy recovery plant at the AK Steel Corporation Middletown Works - would result in no significant adverse impacts. Finding of No Significant Impact for the Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. Waste Energy Project at the AK Steel Corporation Middletown Works, Middletown, Ohio More Documents & Publications EA-1743: Final Environmental Assessment Project_Descriptions_ITP_ARRA_Awards.xls

212

EA-1744: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finding of No Significant Impact Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1744: Finding of No Significant Impact Brea Power II, LLC's Olinda Combined Cycle Electric Generating Plant Fueled by Waste Landfill Gas, Brea, California Based in the analyses in the Environmental Assessment, DOE determined that its proposed action - awarding a grant to Brea Power II, LLC to facilitate modifcation and expansion of an existing landfill gas collection system and construction and operation of a combined cycle power facility at the Olinda Alpha Landfill in Brea, California - would result in no significant adverse impacts. Finding of No Significant Impact for the Brea Power II, LLC's Olinda Combined Cycle Electric Generating Plant Fueled by Waste Landfill Gas, Brea, California More Documents & Publications

213

EA-1775: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

775: Finding of No Significant Impact 775: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1775: Finding of No Significant Impact Texas A&M University Combined Heat and Power Project, College Station, Texas DOE completed the Final Environmental Assessment for the Texas A&M University Combined Heat and power Project, College Station, Texas (DOE/EA-1775). Based on the analyses in the EA, DOE determined that its proposed action-awarding a federal grant to Texas A&A University to facilitate installatino and operation of a high-efficiency combined heat and power system that would produce steam for heating and cooling as well as generate electricity-would result in no significant adverse impacts. FInding of No Significant Impact for the Txas A&M University Combined Heat and power Project, College Station, Texas

214

EA-1828: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finding of No Significant Impact Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1828: Finding of No Significant Impact Carbon Dioxide Capture from Biofuels Production and Sequestration into the Mount Simon Sandstone Phase II Project in Decatur, Illinois Based on the analyses in the environmental assessment DOE determined that its proposed action-awarding a grant to Archer Daniels Midland Company (ADM) to demonstrate an integrated system of carbon dioxide capture in an industrial setting and geologic sequestration in a sandstone reservoir-would result in no significant adverse impacts. Finding of No Significant Impact for Archer Daniels Midland Company's "CO2 Capture from Biofuels Production and Sequestration into the Mt. Simon Sandstone, Decatur, Illinois, DOE/EA-1828 (May 2011) More Documents & Publications

215

Method for forming materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A material-forming tool and a method for forming a material are described including a shank portion; a shoulder portion that releasably engages the shank portion; a pin that releasably engages the shoulder portion, wherein the pin defines a passageway; and a source of a material coupled in material flowing relation relative to the pin and wherein the material-forming tool is utilized in methodology that includes providing a first material; providing a second material, and placing the second material into contact with the first material; and locally plastically deforming the first material with the material-forming tool so as mix the first material and second material together to form a resulting material having characteristics different from the respective first and second materials.

Tolle, Charles R. (Idaho Falls, ID); Clark, Denis E. (Idaho Falls, ID); Smartt, Herschel B. (Idaho Falls, ID); Miller, Karen S. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2009-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

216

Materials Informatics: Fast Track to New Materials  

SciTech Connect

Current methods for new materials development focus on either deeper fundamental-level studies or generation of large quantities of data. The data challenge in materials science is not only the volume of data being generated by many independent investigators, but its heterogeneity and also its complexity that must be transformed, analyzed, correlated and communicated. Materials informatics addresses these issues. Materials informatics is an emerging information-based field combining computational, statistical, and mathematical approaches with materials sciences for accelerating discovery and development of new materials. Within the informatic framework, the various different forms of information form a system architecture, an iterative cycle for transforming data into knowledge.

Ferris, Kim F.; Peurrung, Loni M.; Marder, James M.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

NEWTON's Material Science References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Material Science References Material Science References Do you have a great material science reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: Materials Research Society Materials Research Society The Materials Research Society has assembled many resources in its Materials Science Enthusiasts site. This site has information for the K-12 audience, general public, and materials science professionals. Material Science nanoHUB nanHUB.org is the place for nanotechnology research, education, and collaboration. There are Simulation Programs, Online Presentations, Courses, Learning Modules, Podcasts, Animations, Teaching Materials, and more. (Intened for high school and up) Materials Science Resources on the Web Materials Science Resources on the Web This site gives a good general introduction into material science. Sponsered by Iowa State, it talks about what material science is, ceramics and composites, and other topics.

218

Environmental impact of HTGR power stations  

SciTech Connect

From ANS topical meeting on gas-cooled reactors: HTGR and GCFBR; Gatlinburg, Tennessee, USA (8 May 1974). The high-temperature gas-cooled reactor power station has all of the potential environmental impacts associated with any large nuclear station. Construction impacts can be minimized by proper planning and are usually of limited duration. The potentially most significant impacts of station operation result from the operation of the heat dissipation system. The use of cooling towers is assumed. The effects of salt deposition, fogging, and icing are expected to be minor. The magnitude of the adverse effects caused by intake and discharge such as entrainment of eggs, larvae, and fish and chemical impacts from blowdown can only be assessed for a specific site but may be signlficant. The impact of radionuclide releases, constrained by the as-low-as- is-practicable criteria, is small. The only potential environmental advantage over other reactor types is lower consumptive water use for the same net electric power production. (auth)

Kelly, M.J.; Kirslis, S.S.; West, R.G.

1974-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

219

Life cycle assessment of materials and construction in commercial structures : variability and limitations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Life cycle assessment has become an important tool for determining the environmental impact of materials and products. It is also useful in analyzing the impact a structure has over the course of its life cycle. The ...

Hsu, Sophia Lisbeth

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Educational Material Science Games  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Material Science Games Material Science Games Do you have a great material science game? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Games: >KS2 Bitsize BBC - Materials KS2 Bitsize BBC - Materials Sponsored by the BBC, K2S Bitsize offers tons of free online science games including a section on materials. Learn about the changes in materials, changing states, heat, rocks, soils, solids, liquids, gases, and much more. Science Kids - Properties of Materials Science Kids - Properties of Materials Learn about the properties of materials as you experiment with a variety of objects in this great science activity for kids. Discover the interesting characteristics of materials; are they flexible, waterproof, strong or transparent? Characteristics of Materials - BBC Schools Characteristics of Materials - BBC Schools

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "adverse material impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Environmental Impact Statements (EIS) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

October 1, 1995 October 1, 1995 EIS-0245: Draft Environmental Impact Statement Management of Spent Nuclear Fuel from the K Basins at the Hanford Site, Richland, Washington July 21, 1995 EIS-0182: Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Energy Planning And Management Program July 1, 1995 EIS-0217: Final Environmental Impact Statement Savannah River Site Waste Management May 1, 1995 EIS-0228: Final Environmental Impact Statement Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test (DARHT) Facility April 1, 1995 EIS-0203: Programmatic Final Environmental Impact Statement Spent Nuclear Fuel Management and Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Programs January 1, 1995 EIS-0220: Final Environmental Impact Statement Savannah River Site, Interim Management of Nuclear Materials

222

Information Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Information Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System Information Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System Configurations of the Mirant Potomac River Plant Information Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System Configurations of the Mirant Potomac River Plant Docket No. EO-05-01: PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. and PEPCO Holdings, Inc. is hereby providing you with additional information concerning reliability impacts under various system conditions associated with the unavailability of the Potomac River Generating Station to serve load in the D.C. area. Also enclosed as part of this submittal is material provided by PEPCO (balance of sentence redacted) In addition, there is a discussion concerning the impacts of demand side response in addressing this situation. Information Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System

223

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 3, 2008... properties of nanomaterials, while also theorizing their impact on advancements in battery technology, solar energy, and superconductors.

224

National Ignition Facility Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement to the Stockpile Stewardship and Management Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (SEIS) was prepared pursuant to a Joint Stipulation and Order approved and entered as an order of the court on October 27, 1997, in partial settlement of the lawsuit Civ. No. 97-936 (SS) (D.D.C.), ''Natural Resources Defense Council [NRDC] et al. v. Richardson et al.'' The Joint Stipulation and Order is reproduced at the end of this document as Attachment 1. In the Joint Stipulation and Order, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) agreed to prepare an SEIS to the Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Stockpile Stewardship and Management (SSM PEIS) (DOE/EIS-0236, DOE 1996a) to evaluate the reasonably foreseeable significant adverse environmental impacts of continuing to construct and of operating the National Ignition Facility (NIF) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) in Livermore, California, with respect to any potential or confirmed contamination in the area by hazardous, toxic, and/or radioactive materials. On September 25, 1998, DOE announced in the ''Federal Register'' the agency's intent to prepare this SEIS for the NIF portion (Volume III, Appendix I) of the SSM PEIS. DOE's need for preparation of this SEIS, consistent with the previously established need for NIF (DOE 1996a, Appendix I), is to determine how the results of characterization studies completed pursuant to the Joint Stipulation and Order should affect the manner in which DOE proceeds with the construction and operation of NIF. On August 5, 1999, DOE issued an amended Notice of Intent to prepare this SEIS, which incorporated changes in schedule resulting from new relevant information. The SSM PEIS addressed alternative plans for DOE's defense program activities related to nuclear weapons stockpile issues at several DOE laboratories, including LLNL. The environmental consequences of construction and operation of NIF were addressed in detail in SSM PEIS Volume III, Appendix I, entitled ''National Ignition Facility Project Specific Analysis'' (NIF PSA). The Record of Decision (ROD) for the SSM PEIS was published in the ''Federal Register'' on December 26, 1996 (61 FR 68014). In the ROD, DOE announced its decision to construct and operate NIF at LLNL. The NIF is an experimental facility that would use laser light to initiate a fusion reaction in very small quantities of hydrogen by a process known as inertial confinement fusion. The start of physical construction of NIF was authorized on March 7, 1997, and groundbreaking for the NIF occurred on May 29, 1997. Construction of the NIF is ongoing; the conventional facilities are over 94% complete and are expected to be completed in late 2001.

N /A

2001-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

225

Advanced Materials Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 15, 2010... the copper bearing materials which did not contain inflammable materials due to a restriction on capacity of furnace waste heat boilers.

226

Advanced Materials | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Areas Research Areas Research Highlights Facilities and Capabilities Science to Energy Solutions News & Awards Events and Conferences Supporting Organizations Directionally Solidified Materials Using high-temperature optical floating zone furnace to produce monocrystalline molybdenum alloy micro-pillars Home | Science & Discovery | Advanced Materials Advanced Materials | Advanced Materials SHARE ORNL has the nation's most comprehensive materials research program and is a world leader in research that supports the development of advanced materials for energy generation, storage, and use. We have core strengths in three main areas: materials synthesis, characterization, and theory. In other words, we discover and make new materials, we study their structure,

227

Material Properties References  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Cryogenics June 1962 p.230-235. Thermal Conductivity. LNG Materials and Fluids. Ed. ... Linear thermal expansion. LNG Materials and Fluids. Ed. ...

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

228

Advanced Research Materials Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

materials requirements for all fossil energy systems, including materials for advanced power generation and coal fuels technologies. Examples of these technologies include coal...

229

TMS Materials Cyberinfrastructure Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Materials Cyber- infrastructure Portal serves as an online access point to critical tools and resources—including computational models and materials ...

230

Material Design Tools  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 12, 2012 ... In this presentation, we will discuss our activities in developing an infrastructure, named MaterialsGenome® (Trademark of MaterialsGenome, ...

231

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Defining the data challenges associated with building the materials innovation infrastructure at the core of the U.S. Materials Genome Initiative (MGI) was the ...

232

Novel Materials and Phenomenon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 6, 2013 ... Magnetic Materials for Energy Applications -III: Novel Materials and ... In traditional Permanent Magnet Machines, such as motors and ...

233

MATERIALS TRANSFER AGREEMENT  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MTAXX-XXX 1 MATERIAL TRANSFER AGREEMENT for Manufacturing Demonstration Facility and Carbon Fiber Technology Facility In order for the RECIPIENT to obtain materials, the RECIPIENT...

234

Photovoltaic Cell Materials  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Although crystalline silicon cells are the most common type, photovoltaic (PV), or solar cells, can be made of many semiconductor materials. Each material has unique strengths and characteristics...

235

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

DOE Awards $45 Million to Deploy Advanced Transportation Technologies · Novel Electrode Material Offers Alternative for Li-ion Batteries · New Materials Make ...

236

IOMMMS Global Materials Forum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural Fiber Composites – Significant Contribution to a Green Economy · Recent Development of Materials for Green Energy in Korea · The Role of Materials ...

237

Occidental Geothermal, Inc. , Oxy Geothermal Power Plant No. 1: draft environmental impact report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The following aspects of the proposed geothermal power plant are discussed: the project description; the environment in the vicinity of project as it exists before the project begins, from both a local and regional perspective; the adverse consequences of the project, any significant environmental effects which cannot be avoided, and any mitigation measures to minimize significant effects; the potential feasible alternatives to the proposed project; the significant unavoidable, irreversible, and long-term environmental impacts; and the growth inducing impacts. (MHR)

Not Available

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

EA-1867: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finding of No Significant Impact Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1867: Finding of No Significant Impact RTI International Scale-Up of High-Temperature Syngas Cleanup and Carbon Capture and Sequestration Technologies, Polk County, Florida (October 2011) DOE completed the Final Environmental Assessment for RTf .International ScaleUp of High-Temperature Syngas Cleanup and Carbon Capture and Sequestration Technologies (EA-1867). Based on the analyses in the environmental assessment (EA), DOE determined that its proposed action-providing cost-shared funding to RTI International (RTI) to demonstrate the precommercial scale-up of its high-temperature syngas cleanup and carbon capture and sequestration technologies-would result in no significant adverse impacts. DOE further determined that RTI 's

239

NEWTON's Material Science Videos  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Material Science Videos Material Science Videos Do you have a great material science video? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Videos: University of Maryland - Material Science University of Maryland - Material Science The Department of Materials Science and Engineering offers a set of videos about various topics in material science to help students understand what material science is. Learn about plasma, polymers, liquid crystals and much more. LearnersTV.com - Material Science LearnersTV.com - Material Science LearnersTV.com offers a series of educational material science lectures that are available to the public for free. Learn about topics like polymers, non-crystalline solids, crystal geometry, phase diagrams, phase transformations and more. NanoWerk - Nanotechnology Videos NanoWerk - Nanotechnology Videos

240

GRR/Section 9-WA-c - State Environmental Impact Statement | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 9-WA-c - State Environmental Impact Statement GRR/Section 9-WA-c - State Environmental Impact Statement < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 9-WA-c - State Environmental Impact Statement 9-WA-c - State Environmental Impact Statement.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Triggers None specified The primary purpose of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is to ensure that the Washington State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA) policies are an integral part of the ongoing programs and actions of state and local government. An EIS must provide impartial discussion of significant environmental impacts and must inform decision makers and the public of reasonable alternatives, including mitigation measures that would avoid or minimize adverse impacts or enhance environmental quality. WAC 197-11-400.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "adverse material impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Te Inclusions in CZT Detectors: New Method for Correcting Their Adverse Effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Both Te inclusions and point defects can trap the charge carriers generated by ionizing particles in CdZnTe (CZT) detectors. The amount of charge trapped by point defects is proportional to the carriers’ drift time and can be corrected electronically. In the case of Te inclusions, the charge loss depends upon their random locations with respect to the electron cloud. Consequently, inclusions introduce fluctuations in the charge signals, which cannot be easily corrected. In this paper, we describe direct measurements of the cumulative effect of Te inclusions and its influence on the response of CZT detectors of different thicknesses and different sizes and concentrations of Te inclusions. We also discuss a means of partially correcting their adverse effects.

Bolotnikov, A.E.; Babalola, S.; Camarda, G.S.; Cui, Y.; Egarievwe, S.U.; Hawrami, R.; Hossain, A.; Yang, G.; James, R.B.

2009-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

242

Te Inclusions in CZT Detectors: New Method for Correcting Their Adverse Effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Both Te inclusions and point defects can trap the charge carriers generated by ionizing particles in CdZnTe (CZT) detectors. The amount of charge trapped by point defects is proportional to the carriers' drift time and can be corrected electronically. In the case of Te inclusions, the charge loss depends upon their random locations with respect to the electron cloud. Consequently, inclusions introduce fluctuations in the charge signals, which cannot be easily corrected. In this paper, we describe direct measurements of the cumulative effect of Te inclusions and its influence on the response of CZT detectors of different thicknesses and different sizes and concentrations of Te inclusions. We also discuss a means of partially correcting their adverse effects.

Bolotnikov, A.; Babaloa, S; Camarda, G; Cui, Y; Egarievwe, S; Hawrami, R; Hossain, A; Yang, G; James, R

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Permanent Magnet Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 4   Applications of permanent magnet materials...material Primary reason for selection Alternative material Condition or reason favoring selection of alternative material Aircraft magnetos, military or civilian SmCo Maximum energy per unit volume Cast Alnico 5 Availability or cost restraint Alternators SmCo Compactness and reliability Ferrite...

244

Cementitious Materials Workshop - Presentations  

Cementitious Materials for Waste Treatment, Disposal, Remediation and Decommissioning Workshop. December 12-14, 2006

245

Cementitious Materials Workshop - Contacts  

Cementitious Materials for Waste Treatment, Disposal, Remediation and Decommissioning Workshop. December 12-14, 2006

246

Permanent Magnet Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 4 Applications of permanent magnet materials...material Primary reason for selection Alternative material Condition or reason favoring selection of alternative material Aircraft magnetos, military or civilian SmCo Maximum energy per unit volume Cast Alnico 5 Availability or cost restraint Alternators SmCo Compactness and reliability Ferrite...

247

Materials Innovation Committee - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... SMD Council, - General Committees, ---- Accreditation Committee, ---- Audit Committee, ---- Education Committee, ---- Materials and Society Committee ...

248

About Materials Week '97  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

LINKS ABOUT INDIANAPOLIS · TOUR INFORMATION · STUDENT ACTIVITIES · SPECIAL EVENTS · MATERIALS EXPOSITION · CALENDAR OF EVENTS

249

Advanced Materials in MML  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Advanced Materials Characterization. Fusion Wall Development Research by Neutron Depth Profiling. < Previous 1 2 3 Next ». ...

2012-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

250

Small Particles, Big Impact  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Small Particles, Big Impact Small Particles, Big Impact Small-scale effects of Aerosols Add up Over Time August 24, 2011 | Tags: Climate Research, Earth Sciences, Environmental...

251

Lightweight Impact-Resistant Composite Materials: Lessons from Mantis Shrimp  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

83 Composite Layup Synthesis and Mechanicalover conventional layup patterns in many materialin real time. Composite Layup Synthesis and Mechanical

Milliron, Garrett

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

High Performance Impact-Tolerant and Abrasion-Resistant Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... is a ribbon-like structure that consists of abrasion resistant teeth anchored to a flexible stylus that the organism uses to abrade rocky substrates to reach algae.

253

Minimizing the Global Warming Impact of Industrial Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 4, 2010... widely used in air conditioning and the manufacturing of electronics, ... spectrum through which radiation from Earth is released into space.

254

Lightweight Impact-Resistant Composite Materials: Lessons from Mantis Shrimp  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

revealing the buckled rotated plywood structural motif ofrevealing the buckled rotated plywood structural motif ofvan Ginnekcn, 1975), rotated plywood (Weiner, 1997), twisted

Milliron, Garrett

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Impact of Materials Selection on the Sustainability of Wind Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... a feasibility study on using wind power to meet 20% of U.S. electricity needs in 2030. To reach this goal, over 290GW of new wind turbines will be needed, ...

256

Lightweight Impact-Resistant Composite Materials: Lessons from Mantis Shrimp  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mechanical Testing: An 3D printer was used to print modelsMechanical Testing: An 3D printer was used to print modelsAn Objet Connex500 is 3D printer capable of printing single

Milliron, Garrett

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Materials Issues Potentially Impacting Long-Term Safe Operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Existing nuclear power plants (NPPs), which were originally designed for ... Atomic-Scale Modeling of the Dislocation - Radiation Obstacle Interactions ... Mechanical Behavior of Ion Irradiated Metals at High Damage Levels.

258

Giant Magnetocaloric Materials Could Have Large Impact on the...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tracking the Origins of Fossil Fuels Tailoring the Properties of Magnetic Nanostructures X-ray Holograms Expose Secret Magnetism How Dissolved Metal Ions Interact in Solution One...

259

Soft Magnetic Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 1, 2011 ... Recent activity to improve the sustainability of our energy use has resulted in increased awareness of the impact of energy efficiency on the ...

260

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 6, 2011 ... Users can define methods to weigh the impacts—global warming, smog, indoor air quality, human health and fossil fuel depletion—using ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "adverse material impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

MEASUREMENT OF MATERIAL PROPERTIES OF DAMAGED ENERGETIC MATERIALS  

SciTech Connect

We recently conducted damaged experiments on three explosives (mechanical damage on LX-04 and thermal experiments on HPP and PBXN-9) and characterized the effect of damage on some material properties. The MTS equipment was used to apply compressive cycling to LX-04 pressed parts and the results showed that older LX-04 parts became mechanically weaker than newer parts. After repeated compressive cycling for over 20,000 times, older LX-04 parts failed but newer LX-04 parts survived. Thermal insults were applied to PBXN-9 and HPP at 180 C and 200 C, respectively in unconfined conditions for several hours. The thermally-damaged HPP sample suffered 12.0% weight losses and a volume expansion of 20% was observed. Porosity of the damaged HPP increased to 25% after thermal exposure, which led to higher gas permeability. Burn rates of damaged PBXN-9 were 2 orders of magnitude higher than those of pristine samples but burn rates of damaged HPP were only slightly higher than those of pristine HPP. Small-scale safety tests (impact, friction, and spark) showed no significant sensitization when the damaged samples were tested at room temperature. Gas permeation measurements showed that gas permeability in damaged materials was several orders of magnitude higher than that in pristine materials. In-situ measurements of gas permeability at high temperatures were made on HPP samples and the results showed that the gas permeability increased by 3 to 4 orders of magnitude.

Hsu, P C; Hust, G; Dehaven, M; Chidester, S; Glascoe, L; Hoffman, M; Maienschein, J L

2010-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

262

Tribochemical investigation of microelectronic materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To achieve efficient planarization with reduced device dimensions in integrated circuits, a better understanding of the physics, chemistry, and the complex interplay involved in chemical mechanical planarization (CMP) is needed. The CMP process takes place at the interface of the pad and wafer in the presence of the fluid slurry medium. The hardness of Cu is significantly less than the slurry abrasive particles which are usually alumina or silica. It has been accepted that a surface layer can protect the Cu surface from scratching during CMP. Four competing mechanisms in materials removal have been reported: the chemical dissolution of Cu, the mechanical removal through slurry abrasives, the formation of thin layer of Cu oxide and the sweeping surface material by slurry flow. Despite the previous investigation of Cu removal, the electrochemical properties of Cu surface layer is yet to be understood. The motivation of this research was to understand the fundamental aspects of removal mechanisms in terms of electrochemical interactions, chemical dissolution, mechanical wear, and factors affecting planarization. Since one of the major requirements in CMP is to have a high surface finish, i.e., low surface roughness, optimization of the surface finish in reference to various parameters was emphasized. Three approaches were used in this research: in situ measurement of material removal, exploration of the electropotential activation and passivation at the copper surface and modeling of the synergistic electrochemical-mechanical interactions on the copper surface. In this research, copper polishing experiments were conducted using a table top tribometer. A potentiostat was coupled with this tribometer. This combination enabled the evaluation of important variables such as applied pressure, polishing speed, slurry chemistry, pH, materials, and applied DC potential. Experiments were designed to understand the combined and individual effect of electrochemical interactions as well as mechanical impact during polishing. Extensive surface characterization was performed with AFM, SEM, TEM and XPS. An innovative method for direct material removal measurement on the nanometer scale was developed and used. Experimental observations were compared with the theoretically calculated material removal rate values. The synergistic effect of all of the components of the process, which result in a better quality surface finish was quantitatively evaluated for the first time. Impressed potential during CMP proved to be a controlling parameter in the material removal mechanism. Using the experimental results, a model was developed, which provided a practical insight into the CMP process. The research is expected to help with electrochemical material removal in copper planarization with low-k dielectrics.

Kulkarni, Milind Sudhakar

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

LEDSGP/analysis/impacts/DIAWebinar on Development Impact Assessment for Low  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LEDSGP/analysis/impacts/DIAWebinar on Development Impact Assessment for Low LEDSGP/analysis/impacts/DIAWebinar on Development Impact Assessment for Low Emissions Development < LEDSGP‎ | analysis/impacts Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Webinar on Development Impact Assessment for Low Emissions Development Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), Joint Implementation Network, German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, People and Policy Phase: Bring the Right People Together Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning Resource Type: Training materials, Webinar Cost: Free Language: English Webinar Summary Constructing a LEDS requires a tool that enables governments to evaluate

264

Joining of dissimilar materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of joining dissimilar materials having different ductility, involves two principal steps: Decoration of the more ductile material's surface with particles of a less ductile material to produce a composite; and, sinter-bonding the composite produced to a joining member of a less ductile material. The joining method is suitable for joining dissimilar materials that are chemically inert towards each other (e.g., metal and ceramic), while resulting in a strong bond with a sharp interface between the two materials. The joining materials may differ greatly in form or particle size. The method is applicable to various types of materials including ceramic, metal, glass, glass-ceramic, polymer, cermet, semiconductor, etc., and the materials can be in various geometrical forms, such as powders, fibers, or bulk bodies (foil, wire, plate, etc.). Composites and devices with a decorated/sintered interface are also provided.

Tucker, Michael C; Lau, Grace Y; Jacobson, Craig P

2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

265

Comprehensive Nuclear Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book encompasses a rich seam of current information on the vast and multidisciplinary field of nuclear materials employed in fission and prototype fusion systems. Discussion includes both historical and contemporary international research in nuclear materials, from Actinides to Zirconium alloys, from the worlds leading scientists and engineers. Synthesizes pertinent current science to support the selection, assessment, validation and engineering of materials in extreme nuclear environments. The work discusses the major classes of materials suitable for usage in nuclear fission, fusion reactors and high power accelerators, and for diverse functions in fuels, cladding, moderator and control materials, structural, functional, and waste materials.

Konings, Dr. Rudy J. M. [European Commission Joint Research Centre; Allen, Todd R. [University of Wisconsin, Madison; Stoller, Roger E [ORNL; Yamanaka, Prof. Shinsuke [Osaka University

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Materials science and engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During FY-96, work within the Materials Science and Engineering Thrust Area was focused on material modeling. Our motivation for this work is to develop the capability to study the structural response of materials as well as material processing. These capabilities have been applied to a broad range of problems, in support of many programs at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. These studies are described in (1) Strength and Fracture Toughness of Material Interfaces; (2) Damage Evolution in Fiber Composite Materials; (3) Flashlamp Envelope Optical Properties and Failure Analysis; (4) Synthesis and Processing of Nanocrystalline Hydroxyapatite; and (5) Room Temperature Creep Compliance of Bulk Kel-E.

Lesuer, D.R.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Interim Management of Nuclear Materials  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1995/01_eis0220_for.html[6/27/2011 12:53:53 PM] 1995/01_eis0220_for.html[6/27/2011 12:53:53 PM] FOREWORD The Savannah River Site (SRS) is a major Department of Energy (DOE) installation. The past mission of the SRS was to produce nuclear materials that supported the defense, research, and medical programs of the United States. In 1992 the Secretary of Energy directed the SRS to phase out defense-related chemical separations activities. As a result of shutdowns and reduced demand for nuclear materials, the SRS presently has a large inventory of in-process solutions, reactor fuel assemblies, and reactor targets. These materials, due to their form or to the condition in which they are maintained, could represent a concern for the public, worker health and safety, and the environment. DOE published a Notice of Intent (NOI) to prepare this environmental impact statement (EIS) on March 17, 1994 (59

268

Interim Management of Nuclear Materials  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1995/01_eis0220_for.html[6/27/2011 12:53:53 PM] 1995/01_eis0220_for.html[6/27/2011 12:53:53 PM] FOREWORD The Savannah River Site (SRS) is a major Department of Energy (DOE) installation. The past mission of the SRS was to produce nuclear materials that supported the defense, research, and medical programs of the United States. In 1992 the Secretary of Energy directed the SRS to phase out defense-related chemical separations activities. As a result of shutdowns and reduced demand for nuclear materials, the SRS presently has a large inventory of in-process solutions, reactor fuel assemblies, and reactor targets. These materials, due to their form or to the condition in which they are maintained, could represent a concern for the public, worker health and safety, and the environment. DOE published a Notice of Intent (NOI) to prepare this environmental impact statement (EIS) on March 17, 1994 (59

269

Computer-Aided Materials Selection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 42   Examples of materials information required during product design...identification Material class (metal, plastic, ceramic, composite) Material subclass Material industry designation Material product form Material condition designation (temper, heat treatment, etc.) Material specification Material alternative names Material component designations (composite/assembly)...

270

Lightweighting Materials | Clean Energy | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ORNL conducts lightweighting materials research in several areas: materials development, properties and manufacturing, computational materials science, and multi-material enabling...

271

Mercurian impact ejecta: Meterorites and mantle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have examined the fate of impact ejecta liberated from the surface of Mercury due to impacts by comets or asteroids, in order to study (1) meteorite transfer to Earth, and (2) re-accumulation of an expelled mantle in giant-impact scenarios seeking to explain Mercury's large core. In the context of meteorite transfer, we note that Mercury's impact ejecta leave the planet's surface much faster (on average) than other planet's in the Solar System because it is the only planet where impact speeds routinely range from 5-20 times the planet's escape speed. Thus, a large fraction of mercurian ejecta may reach heliocentric orbit with speeds sufficiently high for Earth-crossing orbits to exist immediately after impact, resulting in larger fractions of the ejecta reaching Earth as meteorites. We calculate the delivery rate to Earth on a time scale of 30 Myr and show that several percent of the high-speed ejecta reach Earth (a factor of -3 less than typical launches from Mars); this is one to two orders of magnitude more efficient than previous estimates. Similar quantities of material reach Venus. These calculations also yield measurements of the re-accretion time scale of material ejected from Mercury in a putative giant impact (assuming gravity is dominant). For mercurian ejecta escaping the gravitational reach of the planet with excess speeds equal to Mercury's escape speed, about one third of ejecta re-accretes in as little as 2 Myr. Thus collisional stripping of a silicate proto-mercurian mantle can only work effectively if the liberated mantle material remains in small enough particles that radiation forces can drag them into the Sun on time scale of a few million years, or Mercury would simply re-accrete the material.

B. Gladman; J. Coffey

2008-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

272

EC Transmission Line Materials  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to identify materials acceptable for use in the US ITER Project Office (USIPO)-supplied components for the ITER Electron cyclotron Heating and Current Drive (ECH&CD) transmission lines (TL), PBS-52. The source of material property information for design analysis shall be either the applicable structural code or the ITER Material Properties Handbook. In the case of conflict, the ITER Material Properties Handbook shall take precedence. Materials selection, and use, shall follow the guidelines established in the Materials Assessment Report (MAR). Materials exposed to vacuum shall conform to the ITER Vacuum Handbook. [Ref. 2] Commercial materials shall conform to the applicable standard (e.g., ASTM, JIS, DIN) for the definition of their grade, physical, chemical and electrical properties and related testing. All materials for which a suitable certification from the supplier is not available shall be tested to determine the relevant properties, as part of the procurement. A complete traceability of all the materials including welding materials shall be provided. Halogenated materials (example: insulating materials) shall be forbidden in areas served by the detritiation systems. Exceptions must be approved by the Tritium System and Safety Section Responsible Officers.

Bigelow, Tim S [ORNL

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Impact analysis of OSM regulations on highwall mining systems. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The establishment of the federal surface mining performance standards has placed additional restraints on auger mining. The federal regulations impose barrier pillar and hole sealing requirements on augering, stipulate time frames for hole sealing and discharge treatment, and prohibit auger mining under certain conditions. Barrier pillar requirements between groups of auger holes and between auger holes and underground workings decrease the augerable reserve base on a site by a minimum of ten percent. Barrier requirements may also reduce productivity levels due to increased delay and scheduling problems. Federal auger hole sealing requirements are more stringent than most state regulations, and consequently have increased the cost of augering in almost all auger mining areas. The availability of impervious materials on the site and the extent of backfilling required to form a water-tight seal may have the greatest effect on auger hole reclamation costs. The federal regulations require auger mining to be prohibited: if adverse water quality impacts cannot be prevented; if stability of sealings cannot be achieved; if subsidence resulting from augering may damage powerlines, pipelines, buildings, or other facilities; or if coal reserve recovery is not maximized by augering. As a result, all up dip augering may be restricted on the grounds that seal stability cannot be maintained for long time periods if water pressure builds behind the plug. Also, since tradiational augering techniques have a lower recovery rate than surface or underground methods, augering may be prohibited in many situations by the stipulation that maximum resource recovery will not be achieved.

Not Available

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Environmental Impacts of Repository  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

~~"'"""""""""'l.. _ _ 4 Environmental Impacts of Repository Construction, Operation and Monitoring, and Closure 4-iii Environmental Impacts of Repository Construction, Operations, Monitoring, and Closure TABLE OF CONTENTS Section Page 4. Environmental Impacts of Repository Construction, Operations, Monitoring, and Closure ..............4-1 4.1 Preclosure Environmental Impacts of Construction, Operations, Monitoring, and Closure of a Repository ...............................................................................................................................4-3 4.1.1 Impacts to Land Use and Ownership .......................................................................................4-4

275

Weather and the Transport of Hazardous Materials  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FHWA FHWA R d W h M P FHWA R d W h M P FHWA Road Weather Management Program FHWA Road Weather Management Program " "Weather and the transport of Hazardous Materials" Ray Murphy Office of Technical Services Ray Murphy, Office of Technical Services U.S. DOT - Federal Highway Administration Breako t Session Using Technolog to Dispatch U.S. DOE National Transportation Stakeholder Forum Breakout Session: Using Technology to Dispatch and Monitor Shipments During Adverse Conditions Presentation Contents Presentation Contents * * Context Context Cl Cl I iti ti I iti ti * * Clarus Clarus Initiative Initiative * * Connected Vehicles & Weather Connected Vehicles & Weather Connected Vehicles & Weather Connected Vehicles & Weather U.S. DOE National Transportation Stakeholder Forum

276

LANL: Materials Science Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Science Laboratory (MSL) is Materials Science Laboratory (MSL) is an interdisciplinary facility dedicated to research on current materials and those of future interest. It is a 56,000 square-foot modern facility that can be easily reconfigured to accom- modate new processes and operations. It compris- es 27 laboratories, 15 support rooms, and 60 offices. The MSL supports many distinct materi- als research topics, grouped into four focus areas: mechanical behavior, materials processing, syn- thesis, and characterization. Research within the MSL supports programs of national interest in defense, energy, and the basic sciences. The MSL is a non-classified area in the Materials Science Complex in close proximity to classified and other non-classified materials research facilities. The Materials Science

277

ARM - Public Information Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govPublicationsPublic Information Materials govPublicationsPublic Information Materials Publications Journal Articles Conference Documents Program Documents Technical Reports Publications Database Public Information Materials Image Library Videos Publication Resources Submit a Publication Publishing Procedures ARM Style Guide (PDF, 448KB) Acronyms Glossary Logos Contacts RSS for Publications Public Information Materials The ARM Climate Research Facility develops public information materials to communicate the purpose and objectives of the program to general audiences. These materials are designed to increase awareness of ARM Climate Research Facility goals and to document its scientific results to a lay audience. Public information materials include fact sheets, brochures, CDs, videos, press releases, and information packets. Approved materials are made

278

Structural Materials - Characterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 14, 2012 ... Cr, are important structural materials for use in advanced nuclear ... holds promise for grain boundary engineering of surface and near-surface ... nuclear structural material Alloy 690 to illustrate the effects of shield gas, travel ...

279

Battery separator material  

SciTech Connect

A novel, improved battery separator material particularly adaptable for use in maintenance free batteries. The battery separator material includes a diatomaceous earth filler, an acrylate copolymer binder and a combination of fibers comprising polyolefin, polyester and glass fibers.

Bodendorf, W. J.

1985-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

280

Nanocomposites as thermoelectric materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermoelectric materials have attractive applications in electric power generation and solid-state cooling. The performance of a thermoelectric device depends on the dimensionless figure of merit (ZT) of the material, ...

Hao, Qing

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "adverse material impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Energy Absorbing Material  

To overcome limitations with cellular silicone foams, LLNL innovators have developed a new 3D energy absorbing material with tailored/engineered bulk-scale properties. The energy absorbing material has 3D patterned architectures specially designed for ...

282

Factors of material consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Historic consumption trends for materials have been studied by many researchers, and, in order to identify the main drivers of consumption, special attention has been given to material intensity, which is the consumption ...

Silva Díaz, Pamela Cristina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Nanostructured composite reinforced material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A family of materials wherein nanostructures and/or nanotubes are incorporated into a multi-component material arrangement, such as a metallic or ceramic alloy or composite/aggregate, producing a new material or metallic/ceramic alloy. The new material has significantly increased strength, up to several thousands of times normal and perhaps substantially more, as well as significantly decreased weight. The new materials may be manufactured into a component where the nanostructure or nanostructure reinforcement is incorporated into the bulk and/or matrix material, or as a coating where the nanostructure or nanostructure reinforcement is incorporated into the coating or surface of a "normal" substrate material. The nanostructures are incorporated into the material structure either randomly or aligned, within grains, or along or across grain boundaries.

Seals, Roland D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Ripley, Edward B. (Knoxville, TN); Ludtka, Gerard M. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

284

Orlando Materials Innovation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ford Motor Company. Buddy Damm. Manager, Metallurgical Applications and Modeling Dept. The Timken Company. Frank Preli. Chief Engineer,. Materials and ...

285

Electronics Materials Staff  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Biomaterials Staff; Complex Fluids Staff; Sustainable Polymers Staff; Materials Science and Engineering Division Staff Directory; MML Organization. ...

2012-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

286

Standard Reference Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Inn, KGW, Liggett, WS, and Hutchinson, JMR (1984), "The National Bureau of Standards Rocky Flats Soil Standard Reference Material," Nuclear ...

287

Enabling Materials Resource Sustainability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 6, 2013 ... REWAS 2013: Enabling Materials Resource Sustainability: Enabling Sustainability through Education and Consumer Awareness Sponsored ...

288

Materials and Society Initiatives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

broader cross-section of TMS membership on topics including: resource sustainability, energy, environment, and sustainable materials design and processing.

289

Materials Reference Books  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Materials Science Reference Books. ... The Smithells Metals Reference Book Brandis and Brook; Butterworth-Heinemann; Published 1992; ISBN ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

290

Materials Processing Fundamentals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Symposium. Meeting, 2010 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium, Materials Processing Fundamentals. Sponsorship, The Minerals, Metals ...

291

Materials Processing & Manufacturing Division  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In its broadest scope, the Materials Processing & Manufacturing Division (MPMD) covers manufacturing from product design to production, integrating process ...

292

Materials Science/Crystallography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Understanding the ormation of Methane Hydrate F ... J.247 agnetic Excitation Spectrum in Spin ... eutron Vibrational Spectroscopy of Organic Materials ...

2003-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

293

SRNL - Cementitious Materials Workshop  

... the Department of Energy, ... engineers, project managers, ... status and future direction of the cement materials technology in radioactive waste ...

294

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dec 10, 2010 ... ESTABLISHED MATERIALS TECHNOLOGIES ... A new, exciting development is the application of these techniques to biological systems, ...

295

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 13, 2012 ... ESTABLISHED MATERIALS TECHNOLOGIES ... These projects include the development and validation of modeling tools to deliver higher ...

296

Materials Analysis - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 17, 2004 ... 2004 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Materials Analysis: Understanding ... with the leading failure scenario based on visual observations.

297

Energetic Material – Explosives  

INL has invented a process for creating energetic materials, including trinitrotoluene (TNT).  By using a carbon dioxide environment, which reduces ...

298

Materials Processing Fundamentals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Materials Processing Fundamentals ... to be covered in the symposium are all aspects of the fundamentals, synthesis, analysis, design, monitoring, ...

299

Genomics of Electronic Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Metamaterials; Highly correlated electron materials, eg superconductors, such as ... A near-field scanning microwave microscope for characterization ...

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

300

What are Soft Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... They form the basis of plastics used in consumer goods, automobiles ... important proteins within foods, preservative agents, and packaging materials. ...

2013-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "adverse material impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Inorganic Materials Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... experimental and computational materials science research. This work will help the US construction industry be competitive in advanced concrete ...

2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

302

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 10, 2012... for Learning and Dialogue on Energy Topics, Materials Sustainability ... and electronic equipment and infrastructure, energy production and ...

303

MATERIALS PROCESSING FUNDAMENTALS: II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Deodoro Trani Capocchi, Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Escola Politecnica de Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo SP-

304

About - Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Administrative & Policy Manual. Scroll up. Scroll down. Technical Divisions Home · TMS Committees Home · Electronic, Magnetic & Photonic Materials ...

305

Materials Bowl application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PROMOTING THE GLOBAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING PROFESSIONS ... Bowl. Rules. Official Rules. 1. This contest is open to all Material Advantage ...

306

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... MI; Elizabeth Holm, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA; Peter Gumbsch, Fraunhofer Institute for Mechanics of Materials IWM, Freiburg, Germany.

307

Powder Materials Committee  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Powder Materials for Energy Efficiency in Transportation; January 2011: Organized By: Fernand Marquis Nanomaterials for Renewable Energy ...

308

EA-1651: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finding of No Significant Impact Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1651: Finding of No Significant Impact U-233 Material Downblending and Disposition Project at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee This environmental assessment (EA) evaluates the impacts of planned activities to modify selected Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) facilities; process the ORNL inventory of uranium-233 (U-233); and transport the processed material to a long-term disposal facility. Based on the results of the analyses reported in the Final EA, DOE has determined that the proposed action is not a major federal action that would significantly affect the quality of the human environment within the context of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. Finding of No Significant Impact for U-233 Material Downblending and

309

EA-1771: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EA-1771: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1771: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1771: Finding of No Significant Impact U.S. Receipt and Storage of Gap Material - Plutonium, Delaware, Georgia, South Carolina, and Tennessee The Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration has completed the Environmental Assessment for the Receipt and Storage of Gap Material - Plutonium in support of the Global Threat Reduction Initiative. The environmental assessment evaluates the potential environmental impacts of transporting up to 100 kilograms of plutonium from foreign countries to the Savannah River Site for storage pending final disposition. Finding of No Significant Impact for the Environmental Assessment for the U.S. Receipt and Storage of Gap Material - Plutonium More Documents & Publications

310

Advanced neutron absorber materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A neutron absorbing material and method utilizing rare earth elements such as gadolinium, europium and samarium to form metallic glasses and/or noble base nano/microcrystalline materials, the neutron absorbing material having a combination of superior neutron capture cross sections coupled with enhanced resistance to corrosion, oxidation and leaching.

Branagan, Daniel J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Smolik, Galen R. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Polymer/Elastomer and Composite Material Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

/ Elastomer and / Elastomer and Composite Material Science KEVIN L. SIMMONS Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA DOE Headquarters, Forrestal Bldg. October 17-18, 2012 January 17, 2013 Kevin.simmons@pnnl.gov 1 Outline Hydrogen production, transmission, distribution, delivery system Common themes in the hydrogen system Automotive vs infrastructure Hydrogen use conditions Polymer/elastomer and composites compatibility? Common materials in BOP components, hoses, and liners Common materials in composite tank and piping Material issues Polymers/Elastomers Composites Questions 2 Main Points to Remember 1) Polymers are extensively used in hydrogen and fuel cell applications 2) Hydrogen impact on polymers is not well understood 3) Next steps 3 4 Hydrogen Production Systems

312

ASME Material Challenges for Advanced Reactor Concepts  

SciTech Connect

This study presents the material Challenges associated with Advanced Reactor Concept (ARC) such as the Advanced High Temperature Reactor (AHTR). ACR are the next generation concepts focusing on power production and providing thermal energy for industrial applications. The efficient transfer of energy for industrial applications depends on the ability to incorporate cost-effective heat exchangers between the nuclear heat transport system and industrial process heat transport system. The heat exchanger required for AHTR is subjected to a unique set of conditions that bring with them several design challenges not encountered in standard heat exchangers. The corrosive molten salts, especially at higher temperatures, require materials throughout the system to avoid corrosion, and adverse high-temperature effects such as creep. Given the very high steam generator pressure of the supercritical steam cycle, it is anticipated that water tube and molten salt shell steam generators heat exchanger will be used. In this paper, the ASME Section III and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Section VIII requirements (acceptance criteria) are discussed. Also, the ASME material acceptance criteria (ASME Section II, Part D) for high temperature environment are presented. Finally, lack of ASME acceptance criteria for thermal design and analysis are discussed.

Piyush Sabharwall; Ali Siahpush

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Tailored Porous Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tailoring of porous materials involves not only chemical synthetic techniques for tailoring microscopic properties such as pore size, pore shape, pore connectivity, and pore surface reactivity, but also materials processing techniques for tailoring the meso- and the macroscopic properties of bulk materials in the form of fibers, thin films and monoliths. These issues are addressed in the context of five specific classes of porous materials: oxide molecular sieves, porous coordination solids, porous carbons, sol-gel derived oxides, and porous heteropolyanion salts. Reviews of these specific areas are preceded by a presentation of background material and review of current theoretical approaches to adsorption phenomena. A concluding section outlines current research needs and opportunities.

BARTON,THOMAS J.; BULL,LUCY M.; KLEMPERER,WALTER G.; LOY,DOUGLAS A.; MCENANEY,BRIAN; MISONO,MAKOTO; MONSON,PETER A.; PEZ,GUIDO; SCHERER,GEORGE W.; VARTULI,JAMES C.; YAGHI,OMAR M.

1999-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

314

Hydrogen Compatibility of Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Compatibility of Materials Compatibility of Materials August 13, 2013 DOE EERE Fuel Cell Technologies Office Webinar Chris San Marchi Sandia National Laboratories Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000 SAND2013-6278P 2 Webinar Objectives * Provide context for hydrogen embrittlement and hydrogen compatibility of materials - Distinguish embrittlement, compatibility and suitability - Examples of hydrogen embrittlement * Historical perspective - Previous work on hydrogen compatibility - Motivation of "Materials Guide" * Identify the landscape of materials compatibility documents

315

NEWTON's Material Science Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Science Archive: Materials Science Archive: Loading Most Recent Materials Science Questions: Hydrogen Compounds and Heat Conduction Weaving Carbon Nanotubes Metal as Electrical Conductor, Not Thermal Steel Changes with Age PETE, Ultraviolet Light, Benefits Strength of Yarn by Spinning Each Substance Unique Density Alloy versus Constituent Density Knowing When Material is Melted Crystalline Metal Versus Metallic Glass and Conduction Super Glue, Surgery, and Skin Silica Gel Teflon Non-Stick Property Salt Crystal Formation Lubricating Rubber Bands and Elasticity Materials for Venus Probe Crystalline Solids and Lowest Energy Sodium Polycarbonate and Salt Water Early Adhesives Surface Energy and Temperature Separating Polypropylene, Polyester, and Nylon Factors Effecting Polymer Flexibility

316

GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMP GROUTING MATERIALS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The thermal conductivity of cementitious grouts has been investigated in order to determine suitability of these materials for grouting vertical boreholes used with geothermal heat pumps. The roles of mix variables such as water/cement ratio, sand/cement ratio and superplasticizer dosage were measured. The cement-sand grouts were also tested for rheological characteristics, bleeding, permeability, bond to HDPE pipe, shrinkage, coefficient of thermal expansion, exotherm, durability and environmental impact. This paper summarizes the thermal conductivity, permeability, bonding and exotherm data for selected cementitious grouts. The theoretical reduction in bore length that could be achieved with the BNL-developed cement-sand grouts is examined. Finally, the FY 98 research and field trials are discussed.

ALLAN,M.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Geothermal heat pump grouting materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thermal conductivity of cementitious grouts has been investigated in order to determine suitability of these materials for grouting vertical boreholes used with geothermal heat pumps. The roles of mix variables such as water/cement ratio, sand/cement ratio and superplasticizer dosage were measured. The cement-sand grouts were also tested for rheological characteristics, bleeding, permeability, bond to HDPE pipe, shrinkage, coefficient of thermal expansion, exotherm, durability and environmental impact. This paper summarizes the thermal conductivity, permeability, bonding and exotherm data for selected cementitious grouts. The theoretical reduction in bore length that could be achieved with the BNL-developed cement-sand grouts is examined. Finally, the FY 98 research and field trials are discussed.

Allan, M.

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Materials Science Division - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Home About MSD Information Awards Visit MSD Administrative Staff Division Personnel Research Research Groups Condensed Matter Theory Emerging Materials Energy Conversion and Storage Magnetic Films Molecular Materials Neutron and X-ray Scattering Superconductivity and Magnetism Surface Chemistry Synchrotron Radiation Studies Threat Detection and Analysis Group Research Areas Careers in MSD Internal Sites Search Front Slide 1 November 2013 - Patricia Dehmer (second from right), Deputy Director of Science Programs, DOE Office of Science, joined Argonne Director Eric Isaacs(left) and Associate Laboratory Director for Physical Sciences and Engineering Peter Littlewood(second from left) to tour the recently-opened Energy Sciences Building. Among Dehmer's stops was the crystal growth

319

Innovation in Materials & Manufacturing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Each IMI will allow industry, academia, and government partners to leverage ... than evolutionary, in terms of performance and life-cycle energy or economic impact. ... in innovative projects and shared user facilities that bring together industry, ...

320

Joint TVA EPRI Evaluation of Steel Arc Furnace Regulation Impacts and Potential Innovative Mitigation Solutions: Phase I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) is considering the costs and benefits of serving arc furnace loads. One potential adverse power system impact of arc furnaces is that their electric power consumption is extremely volatile and can significantly impact the short-term frequency regulation requirements of the TVA power system, increasing the regulating reserve requirements needed to meet North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) reliability criteria. A one-month analysis of TVA regulation ...

2013-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "adverse material impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Material Disposal Areas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Material Disposal Areas Material Disposal Areas Material Disposal Areas Material Disposal Areas, also known as MDAs, are sites where material was disposed of below the ground surface in excavated pits, trenches, or shafts. Contact Environmental Communication & Public Involvement P.O. Box 1663 MS M996 Los Alamos, NM 87545 (505) 667-0216 Email Material Disposal Areas at LANL The following are descriptions and status updates of each MDA at LANL. To view a current fact sheet on the MDAs, click on LA-UR-13-25837 (pdf). MDA A MDA A is a Hazard Category 2 nuclear facility comprised of a 1.25-acre, fenced, and radiologically controlled area situated on the eastern end of Delta Prime Mesa. Delta Prime Mesa is bounded by Delta Prime Canyon to the north and Los Alamos Canyon to the south.

322

Nonconforming Material Process  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

11 Nonconforming Material / Product Process 11_0304 Page 1 of 6 11 Nonconforming Material / Product Process 11_0304 Page 1 of 6 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: Nonconforming Material / Product Process Document Number: P-011 Rev. 11_0304 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: Q-001, Quality Manual Notify of Changes: EOTA Employees Referenced Document(s): F-015 Nonconformance Report, REG-003 Record Register, ISDP-002 Training Production Process P-011 Nonconforming Material / Product Process 11_0304 Page 2 of 6 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change A Initial Release 08_0416 Added verbiage CAR/PAR/IO to Step 2 P-011 Nonconforming Material / Product Process 11_0304 Page 3 of 6 I. Purpose To establish the process for nonconforming material to be identified, segregated and dispositioned to prevent its unintended

323

MST: Organizations: Organic Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adhesive Bonding Adhesive Bonding Composites Encapsulation Materials Characterization Mechanical Testing Molding, Thermoforming, & Compounding Organizations Organic Materials Composite-to-metal adhesive bond Experimental/analytical study of composit-to-metal adhesive bond. The Organic Materials department in the Advanced Manufacturing and Processing Laboratory provides innovative prototype fabrication, full service small lot production, materials technology, processing expertise, and a broad range of organic material characterization and mechanical testing techniques. We encapsulate, we join and bond, we foam, we analyze and image, we build composite structures. We strive to make you, our customers, successful! We partner with you to find the right combination of materials, processing, and fixturing that will result in the highest value

324

NUCLEAR FUEL MATERIAL  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved method is given for making the carbides of nuclear fuel material. The metal of the fuel material, which may be a fissile and/or fertile material, is transformed into a silicide, after which the silicide is comminuted to the desired particle size. This silicide is then carburized at an elevated temperature, either above or below the melting point of the silicide, to produce an intimate mixture of the carbide of the fuel material and the carbide of silicon. This mixture of the fuel material carbide and the silicon carbide is relatively stable in the presence of moisture and does not exhibit the highly reactive surface condition which is observed with fuel material carbides made by most other known methods. (AEC)

Goeddel, W.V.

1962-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

325

Absolute nuclear material assay  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of absolute nuclear material assay of an unknown source comprising counting neutrons from the unknown source and providing an absolute nuclear material assay utilizing a model to optimally compare to the measured count distributions. In one embodiment, the step of providing an absolute nuclear material assay comprises utilizing a random sampling of analytically computed fission chain distributions to generate a continuous time-evolving sequence of event-counts by spreading the fission chain distribution in time.

Prasad, Manoj K. (Pleasanton, CA); Snyderman, Neal J. (Berkeley, CA); Rowland, Mark S. (Alamo, CA)

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

326

Absolute nuclear material assay  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of absolute nuclear material assay of an unknown source comprising counting neutrons from the unknown source and providing an absolute nuclear material assay utilizing a model to optimally compare to the measured count distributions. In one embodiment, the step of providing an absolute nuclear material assay comprises utilizing a random sampling of analytically computed fission chain distributions to generate a continuous time-evolving sequence of event-counts by spreading the fission chain distribution in time.

Prasad, Manoj K. (Pleasanton, CA); Snyderman, Neal J. (Berkeley, CA); Rowland, Mark S. (Alamo, CA)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

327

New Superconducting Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Superconductors with higher superconducting transition temperatures, higher critical currents, and better mechanical properties would be valuable. This report presents criteria to guide the search for higher transition temperature materials. To determine if candidate materials are suitably metallic, the study carried out detailed electronic structure calculations. These calculations identified boron-containing hydrides as particularly promising as a new class of possible superconducting materials that ma...

1994-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

328

Frequency shift measurement in shock-compressed materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is disclosed for determining molecular vibrational frequencies in shock-compressed transparent materials. A single laser beam pulse is directed into a sample material while the material is shock-compressed from a direction opposite that of the incident laser beam. A Stokes beam produced by stimulated Raman scattering is emitted back along the path of the incident laser beam, that is, in the opposite direction to that of the incident laser beam. The Stokes beam is separated from the incident beam and its frequency measured. The difference in frequency between the Stokes beam and the incident beam is representative of the characteristic frequency of the Raman active mode of the sample. Both the incident beam and the Stokes beam pass perpendicularly through the stock front advancing through the sample, thereby minimizing adverse effects of refraction.

Moore, D.S.; Schmidt, S.C.

1984-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

329

Frequency shift measurement in shock-compressed materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for determining molecular vibrational frequencies in shock-compressed transparent materials. A single laser beam pulse is directed into a sample material while the material is shock-compressed from a direction opposite that of the incident laser beam. A Stokes beam produced by stimulated Raman scattering is emitted back along the path of the incident laser beam, that is, in the opposite direction to that of the incident laser beam. The Stokes beam is separated from the incident beam and its frequency measured. The difference in frequency between the Stokes beam and the incident beam is representative of the characteristic frequency of the Raman active mode of the sample. Both the incident beam and the Stokes beam pass perpendicularly through the shock front advancing through the sample, thereby minimizing adverse effects of refraction.

Moore, David S. (Los Alamos, NM); Schmidt, Stephen C. (Los Alamos, NM)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

CHARACTERIZATION OF DETECTOR GRADE CDZNTE MATERIAL FROM REDLEN TECHNOLOGIES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CdZnTe (or CZT) crystals can be used in a variety of detector-type applications. This large band gap material shows great promise for use as a gamma radiation spectrometer. Historically, the performance of CZT has typically been adversely affected by point defects, structural and compositional heterogeneities within the crystals, such as twinning, pipes, grain boundaries (polycrystallinity) and secondary phases (SP). The synthesis of CZT material has improved greatly with the primary performance limitation being attributed to mainly SP. In this presentation, we describe the extensive characterization of detector grade material that has been treated with post growth annealing to remove the SPs. Some of the analytical methods used in this study included polarized, cross polarized and transmission IR imaging, I-V curves measurements, synchrotron X-ray topography and electron microscopy.

Duff, M

2008-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

331

SWEAP, Solid Waste Environmental Assessment Plan: Component 3, technology evaluation: Discussion paper No. 3. 5 A,B,C, addendum to documents: Extension of process to identify candidate sites (step 2) and the development of comparative evaluation process for step 3 of the site selection process for a materials recovery facility, compost facility and energy from waste facility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The facility design assumptions for a materials recovery facility, a compost facility and an energy from waste facility were intended to result in a facility with minimal impact on the natural environment. The criteria described in discussion paper 3.5A were based on this assumption. This addendum describes the additional criteria identified for use in Step 2 of the site selection process, the revised criteria to be used in Step 3 and the method that will be used to apply the revised Step 3 criterial. Step 2 addresses the type of technology used to minimize adverse effects on the natural environment. Step 3 addresses the selection of short-listed sites from a longer list and the methods used.

Not Available

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Materials Science & Tech Division | Advanced Materials | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Supporting Organizations Supporting Organizations Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences Chemical Sciences Division Materials Science and Technology BES Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences Program BES Materials Sciences and Engineering Program Joint Institute For Advanced Materials Advanced Materials Home | Science & Discovery | Advanced Materials | Supporting Organizations | Materials Science and Technology SHARE Materials Science and Technology Division The Materials Science and Technology Division is unique within the Department of Energy (DOE) System with mission goals that extend from fundamental materials science to applied materials science and technology. One key component of the division is a strong Basic Energy Sciences (BES) portfolio that pushes the frontiers of materials theory, synthesis

333

NETL: Advanced Research - Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High Performance Materials > Chrome Oxide Refractory High Performance Materials > Chrome Oxide Refractory Advanced Research High Performance Materials Chrome Oxide Refractory One notable NETL success is the development of a chrome oxide refractory material capable of working in slagging gasifier conditions. In this project, researchers first determined that one of the major failure mechanisms for chrome oxide refractories exposed to the intense heat and corrosive environment was spalling, or the chipping or flaking of refractory material from an exposed face. They used this information to formulate a high-chrome oxide refractory composition that resists spalling, resulting in a refractory with a longer service life in the gasifier. Inside an ultrasupercritical (USC) pulverized coal power plant, materials are exposed to temperatures up to 760°C and pressures up to 5,000 psi. Operating a USC system can improve power plant efficiency up to 47% and reduce emissions. However, finding boiler and turbine materials that can hold up under extreme conditions requires new high-temperature metal alloys and ceramic coatings, as well as computational modeling research to optimize the processing of these materials. Advanced Research Materials Development program successes in this area include the following:

334

Processing Materials for Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Functional Products: Fuel Cells, Solar Cells, Flat Panel Display, LED,. Data Storage, Environmental (materials for CO2 sequestration, soil remediation, water

335

Cytomegalovirus Standard Reference Material  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and reagent manufacturers in production of their own calibrants and standards. ... control materials which would be traceable to a NIST standard. ...

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

336

Heterogeneous and Brittle Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Structural materials are increasingly being required to be stronger and lighter in support of energy conservation and global security. At the same time they are ...

337

DETE TION MATERIALS  

owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security ... Enhanced detection of special nuclear materials

338

Composite of refractory material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A composite refractory material composition comprises a boron carbide matrix and minor constituents of yttrium-boron-oxygen-carbon phases uniformly distributed throughout the boron carbide matrix.

Holcombe, Cressie E. (Knoxville, TN); Morrow, Marvin S. (Kingston, TN)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 16, 2011 ... Lactic acid is a renewable starting material, produced by bacteria grown in vats of biomass, such as glucose and starch from plants. It has been ...

340

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the pace of advanced materials discovery, innovation, manufacture, and commercialization. At a White House event on June 24, the second anniversary of .

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "adverse material impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jan 11, 2010 ... Advanced materials, off-shore wind power, quantum physics, nanoscience, and metrology are a few of the research areas that will be pursued ...

342

Integrated Computational Materials Education  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This short course is based on the Summer School for Integrated Computational Materials Education, which was developed to meet this need. We will present a ...

343

Hazardous Material Security (Maryland)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

All facilities processing, storing, managing, or transporting hazardous materials must be evaluated every five years for security issues. A report must be submitted to the Department of the...

344

Emerging Materials Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Posted on: 6/19/2013 12:00:00 AM... As materials science and engineering expands to encompass new technologies, such as nanomaterials, biomaterials, and ...

345

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Though well established as materials science and engineering fields, constant improvements are being made to the production of metals, the processing of ...

346

Ultrafine Grained Materials IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nov 1, 2006 ... Print Book and CD-ROM: Advances in Superplasticity and Superplastic Forming 2004. Print Book: Ultrafine Grained Materials III. Print Book: ...

347

Characterization of Advanced Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 6, 2013 ... In this study, the binary and ternary thermal energy storage materials have been performed the phase equilibrium and characterization studies ...

348

Structural Materials II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 6, 2013 ... Materials Corrosion in Molten Fluoride Salts: Kumar Sridharan1; Robert Sellers1; Guiqiu Zheng1; Guoping Cao1; Mark Anderson1; Todd ...

349

Hydrogen Compatibility of Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

materials data related to hydrogen embrittlement - Modeled after existing metals handbooks - Data culled from open literature * Peer-reviewed scientific articles * Public...

350

Composite of refractory material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A composite refractory material composition comprises a boron carbide matrix and minor constituents of yttrium-boron-oxygen-carbon phases uniformly distributed throughout the boron carbide matrix.

Holcombe, C.E.; Morrow, M.S.

1994-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

351

Materials Degradation and Aging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 28, 2007 ... Improve plant capacity, reliability, and availability. Materials Degradation and Aging - An EPRI Nuclear Power Action Plan, Report No.

352

Materials Design Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

enhancement. The materials community at LANL constitutes a very broad spectrum of cross-organizational interactions, and therefore, an inclusive multidisciplinary approach is...

353

Bioinspired Materials Engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Novel bioinspired materials for sustainability and clean energy as emerging applications are also in the scope of the symposium. Presentations including ...

354

Materials - Deformation Joining  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ways to combine advanced materials such as ceramic, intermetallics, cermets, and metal matrix composites (MMCs) together for use in complex vehicle engine components, as well as...

355

Materials and Society  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrical Energy Storage for Renewable Integration and Grid Applications: Status, Challenges and ... Materials R&D to Enable a Nuclear Energy Renaissance.

356

Exhibitor: STELLAR MATERIALS INC.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Booth #637 Detroit, Michigan. Thermbond is a unique new refractory material with features and benefits unavailable in traditional refractories. Thermbond is ...

357

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jan 7, 2013... engineering, computer science, mathematics, chemistry, biology, materials science, neutron research, and/or physics are eligible to nominate ...

358

Orlando Materials Innovation - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We will create a materials innovation infrastructure with common resources for data and knowledge sharing that can be openly utilized for model development ...

359

Diagnostics and Structural Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 17, 2010 ... The entire MaRIE complex is predicated on a predictive theory, ... are primary candidate materials in fusion reactor cladding design due to their ...

360

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 9, 2009... achieve the ultimate goal of developing superconducting materials for real- world devices, such as zero-loss power transmission lines.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "adverse material impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 9, 2011 ... This team will focus on developing and manufacturing materials technologies that can be pushed to these extremes in next generation energy ...

362

Materials Reading Room  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

FEBRUARY 2004 ISSUE - "Materials Analysis: A Key to Unlocking the Mystery of ... Scenarios and Guidance (PDF); Future Female (Microsoft Word Document) ...

363

Standard Reference Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The Minerals, Metals and Material Society - TMS 2010 February 14-18, 2010 Booth #609 Washington State Convention Center Seattle, WA. ...

2011-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

364

Defects in Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 17, 2009... Kazuyuki Ueda3; Takashi Sekiguchi1; 1National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS); 2IMEM-CNR Institute; 3Toyota Technological Institute

365

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 1, 2013 ... Researchers at Penn State University have designed a special material ... and less power consumption than possible with current technology.

366

Multiphase and Multicomponent Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The microstructure of the adhered material consisted of oxide ligaments ( nanowires, NWs) that served to attach the debris to tool steel surface as revealed by ...

367

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dec 12, 2010... in my opinion, is raising the consciousness of the materials science ... quality and human health is spreading more rapidly than innovation in ...

368

JOM - Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 10, 2010 ... The garment represents a futuristic makeover of that traditional and popular clothing material standby, cotton. Scientists in the Textiles ...

369

Biological Materials Science Symposium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structure and properties of biological materials exhibit a breadth and complexity .... Protective Role of Arapaima Scales: Structure and Mechanical Behavior.

370

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Apr 26, 2010... in part, on an earlier discovery by Jay Narayan, a 1999 TMS Fellow and John C. Fan Distinguished Chair Professor of Materials Science and ...

371

Electrochemistry of Porous Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dec 31, 2012 ... Electrochemistry of Porous Materials is the book under review. The book is written by Antonio Domenech Carbo,and published by CRC press.

372

Building Materials Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... In the artificial ultraviolet (UV) weathering of materials, a need exists for weathering devices that can uniformly illuminate test specimens with ...

2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

373

Energy Absorbing Material  

To overcome limitations with cellular silicone foams, LLNL innovators have developed a new 3D energy absorbing material with tailored/engineered ...

374

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dec 17, 2009 ... Electronic, Magnetic & Photonic Materials .... will support the development of low- cost batteries for electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.

375

Structural Materials Division  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Structural materials are everywhere ? from medical implants to skyscrapers ? and the SMD reflects that diversity in its thirteen technical committees. If you have ...

376

Structural Materials Division Council  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Structural materials are everywhere – from medical implants to skyscrapers – and the SMD reflects that diversity in its thirteen technical committees. If you have ...

377

Materials and Society Community  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

According to Apelian, another advantage for TMS in taking on the “Materials and Society challenge” is the diversity of its members and the array of viewpoints ...

378

Integrated Computational Materials Engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 4, 2013... behave if extrapolated to areas where data does not currently exist. ... With the executive directive of the Materials Genome Initiative (MGI), ...

379

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dec 12, 2010 ... Next-generation materials for renewable energy production and ... have made concerted efforts to work principles of industrial ecology and life ...

380

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 17, 2010... to the lithium ion-metal oxide batteries currently on the market. ... The team tested how much electricity the material could store after charging ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "adverse material impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Structural Materials III  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 7, 2013 ... Materials and Fuels for the Current and Advanced Nuclear Reactors II: ... On the Evolution Late Blooming Phases in RPV Steels: Theoretical ...

382

Electrochemistry and Materials Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 6, 2013 ... In the frame of the development of a Molten Salt Fast Reactor concept, the corrosion behavior of structural metallic materials in contact with the ...

383

Composite Materials Committee  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Metal-Matrix Composites in Industry: A Database of Companies, Materials, and Products (TMS Members Only) · Technical Questions @ TMS: Metal-Matrix ...

384

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 5, 2010 ... A mechanical engineer who later became interested in materials science and biology, Suresh has done pioneering work studying the ...

385

Microwave Processing of Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Furthermore, lower energy consumption is another aspect that the world should consider to cope with this matter. Microwave processing of materials is a clean, ...

386

Bearing Material Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 2   Single-metal bearing material systems...Bronze C C C D B 14 2 Electric motor bushings, home appliance bearings,

387

Materials Property Database (MPD)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 8, 2007... generate the material data as a function of temperature. For Windows and Linux Pentium. CITATION: "Details of MPDB," JAHM Software, Inc..

388

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 30, 2011 ... Harvesting electricity from waste heat requires a material that is good at conducting electricity but poor at conducting heat. One of the most ...

389

Bioinspired Materials Engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bioinspired Crystal Growth by Organic/Inorganic Crystal Engineering · Bioinspired Materials Design from Renewable Resources · Biological Synthesis of TiNi ...

390

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 22, 2009... smart grid technologies, batteries, and high-temperature materials) ... 15th Int'l Conference on Environmental Degradation in Nuclear Power ...

391

EIS-0236-S1: Draft Supplemental Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

S1: Draft Supplemental Programmatic Environmental Impact S1: Draft Supplemental Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0236-S1: Draft Supplemental Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement This Supplemental DEIS evaluates the potential environmental impacts of continuing to construct and operate the National Ignition Facility at LLNL with respect to any potential or confirmed contamination in the area by hazardous, toxic, and/or radioactive materials." EIS-0236-S1-DEIS-1999.pdf EIS-0236-S1-DEIS-Figures-1999.pdf More Documents & Publications EIS-0236-S1: Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0236: Record of Decision DOE/EIS-0236, Oakland Operations Office, National Ignition Facility Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement to the Stockpile Stewardship and Management Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Volume II:

392

EIS-0236-S1: Draft Supplemental Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

36-S1: Draft Supplemental Programmatic Environmental Impact 36-S1: Draft Supplemental Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0236-S1: Draft Supplemental Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement This Supplemental DEIS evaluates the potential environmental impacts of continuing to construct and operate the National Ignition Facility at LLNL with respect to any potential or confirmed contamination in the area by hazardous, toxic, and/or radioactive materials." EIS-0236-S1-DEIS-1999.pdf EIS-0236-S1-DEIS-Figures-1999.pdf More Documents & Publications EIS-0236-S1: Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement DOE/EIS-0236, Oakland Operations Office, National Ignition Facility Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement to the Stockpile Stewardship and Management Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Volume II:

393

The Entire Material Science Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Archives, Since January 2005 Table of Contents: Materials Scientist Two Phase Materials Nano-technology Projections Scents in Scented Candles Rubber Band Materials Metallic...

394

Vehicle Technologies Office: Propulsion Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Manufacturers use propulsion (or powertrain) materials in the components that move vehicles of every size and shape. Conventional vehicles use these materials in...

395

MULTISCALE PHENOMENA IN MATERIALS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project developed and supported a technology base in nonequilibrium phenomena underpinning fundamental issues in condensed matter and materials science, and applied this technology to selected problems. In this way the increasingly sophisticated synthesis and characterization available for classes of complex electronic and structural materials provided a testbed for nonlinear science, while nonlinear and nonequilibrium techniques helped advance our understanding of the scientific principles underlying the control of material microstructure, their evolution, fundamental to macroscopic functionalities. The project focused on overlapping areas of emerging thrusts and programs in the Los Alamos materials community for which nonlinear and nonequilibrium approaches will have decisive roles and where productive teamwork among elements of modeling, simulations, synthesis, characterization and applications could be anticipated--particularly multiscale and nonequilibrium phenomena, and complex matter in and between fields of soft, hard and biomimetic materials. Principal topics were: (i) Complex organic and inorganic electronic materials, including hard, soft and biomimetic materials, self-assembly processes and photophysics; (ii) Microstructure and evolution in multiscale and hierarchical materials, including dynamic fracture and friction, dislocation and large-scale deformation, metastability, and inhomogeneity; and (iii) Equilibrium and nonequilibrium phases and phase transformations, emphasizing competing interactions, frustration, landscapes, glassy and stochastic dynamics, and energy focusing.

A. BISHOP

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Critical Materials Strategy Summary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

diplomacy. As the nation's leading funder of research on the physical sciences, DOE's capabilities with respect to materials research are substantial. Topics identified for priority research attention include rare earth substitutes in magnets, batteries, photovoltaic films and phosphors; environmentally sound mining and materials processing; and recycling. The eight programs and policies address risks, con- straints and opportunities across the supply chain,

397

Critical Materials Strategy Summary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

diplomacy. As the nation's leading funder of research on the physical sciences, DOE's capabilities with respect to materials research are substantial. Topics identified for priority research attention include rare earth substitutes in magnets, batteries, photovoltaic films and phosphors; environmentally sound mining and materials processing; and recycling. The eight programs and policies address risks, con- straints and opportunities across the supply chain,

398

Nanocrystalline Heterojunction Materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Mesoporous nanocrystalline titanium dioxide heterojunction materials and methods of making the same are disclosed. In one disclosed embodiment, materials comprising a core of titanium dioxide and a shell of a molybdenum oxide exhibit a decrease in their photoadsorption energy as the size of the titanium dioxide core decreases.

Elder, Scott H. (Portland, OR); Su, Yali (Richland, WA); Gao, Yufei (Blue Bell, PA); Heald, Steve M. (Downers Grove, IL)

2004-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

399

Carbon Materials Breakout Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Breakout Group Process Materials Breakout Group Process * Day 2, Thursday - Review results of Day 1 and modify if needed - Identify critical R&D needs - Outline R&D plan with key milestones - Report results to plenary Carbon Materials Breakout Group * Key Results - Target: get the science right to engineer carbon materials for hydrogen storage * Integrate theory, experiment, engineering * Understand mechanisms, effects, and interactions ranging from physisorption to chemisorption - Theory * Provide "directional" guidance for experiments (and vice- versa) * Provide baseline theory to elucidate parameters affecting the number and type of binding sites and the heat of their interaction with H2 (∆H ) for a broad range of (highly) modified carbon materials

400

Materials of Gasification  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to accumulate and establish a database of construction materials, coatings, refractory liners, and transitional materials that are appropriate for the hardware and scale-up facilities for atmospheric biomass and coal gasification processes. Cost, fabricability, survivability, contamination, modes of corrosion, failure modes, operational temperatures, strength, and compatibility are all areas of materials science for which relevant data would be appropriate. The goal will be an established expertise of materials for the fossil energy area within WRI. This would be an effort to narrow down the overwhelming array of materials information sources to the relevant set which provides current and accurate data for materials selection for fossil fuels processing plant. A significant amount of reference material on materials has been located, examined and compiled. The report that describes these resources is well under way. The reference material is in many forms including texts, periodicals, websites, software and expert systems. The most important part of the labor is to refine the vast array of available resources to information appropriate in content, size and reliability for the tasks conducted by WRI and its clients within the energy field. A significant has been made to collate and capture the best and most up to date references. The resources of the University of Wyoming have been used extensively as a local and assessable location of information. As such, the distribution of materials within the UW library has been added as a portion of the growing document. Literature from recent journals has been combed for all pertinent references to high temperature energy based applications. Several software packages have been examined for relevance and usefulness towards applications in coal gasification and coal fired plant. Collation of the many located resources has been ongoing. Some web-based resources have been examined.

None

2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "adverse material impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Economic impact of corrosion and scaling problems in geothermal energy systems  

SciTech Connect

Corrosion and scaling problems have a significant impact on geothermal plant economics. A power plant must amortize the capital investment over a 20-year period and achieve satisfactory operating efficiency to achieve financial success. Corrosion and scale incrustations have been encountered in all geothermal plants, and to various degrees, adversely affected plant life times and power output. Using published data this report analyzes known geothermal corrosion and scaling phenomena for significant cost impacts on plant design and operation. It has been necessary to speculate about causes and mechanisms in order to estimate impacts on conceptual geothermal plants. Silica is highly soluble in hot geothermal water and solubility decreases as water is cooled in a geothermal power plant. Calculations indicate as much as 30,000 tons/year could pass through a 100 MWe water cycle plant. The major cost impact will be on the reinjection well system where costs of 1 to 10 mills/kwhr of power produced could accrue to waste handling alone. On the other hand, steam cycle geothermal plants have a definite advantage in that significant silica problems will probably only occur in hot dry rock concepts, where steam above 250 C is produced. Calculation methods are given for estimating the required size and cost impact of a silica filtration plant and for sizing scrubbers. The choice of materials is significantly affected by the pH of the geothermal water, temperature, chloride, and H{sub s} contents. Plant concepts which attempt to handle acid waters above 180 C will be forced to use expensive corrosion resistant alloys or develop specialized materials. On the other hand, handling steam up to 500 C, and pH 9 water up to 180 C appears feasible using nominal cost steels, typical of today's geothermal plants. A number of factors affecting plant or component availability have been identified. The most significant is a corrosion fatigue problem in geothermal turbines at the Geyser's geothermal plant which is presently reducing plant output by about 10%. This is equivalent to over $3 million per year in increased oil consumption to replace the power. In the course of assessing the cost implications of corrosion and scaling problems, a number of areas of technological uncertainty were identified which should be considered in R and D planning in support of geothermal energy. Materials development with both laboratory and field testing will be necessary. The economic analysis on which this report is based was done in support of an AEC Division of Applied Technology program to assess the factors affecting geothermal plant economics. The results of this report are to be used to develop computer models of overall plant economics, of which corrosion and scaling problems are only a part. The translation of the economic analysis to the report which appears here, was done on AEC Special Studies Funds.

Shannon, D.W.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Economic impact of corrosion and scaling problems in geothermal energy systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Corrosion and scaling problems have a significant impact on geothermal plant economics. A power plant must amortize the capital investment over a 20-year period and achieve satisfactory operating efficiency to achieve financial success. Corrosion and scale incrustations have been encountered in all geothermal plants, and to various degrees, adversely affected plant life times and power output. Using published data this report analyzes known geothermal corrosion and scaling phenomena for significant cost impacts on plant design and operation. It has been necessary to speculate about causes and mechanisms in order to estimate impacts on conceptual geothermal plants. Silica is highly soluble in hot geothermal water and solubility decreases as water is cooled in a geothermal power plant. Calculations indicate as much as 30,000 tons/year could pass through a 100 MWe water cycle plant. The major cost impact will be on the reinjection well system where costs of 1 to 10 mills/kwhr of power produced could accrue to waste handling alone. On the other hand, steam cycle geothermal plants have a definite advantage in that significant silica problems will probably only occur in hot dry rock concepts, where steam above 250 C is produced. Calculation methods are given for estimating the required size and cost impact of a silica filtration plant and for sizing scrubbers. The choice of materials is significantly affected by the pH of the geothermal water, temperature, chloride, and H{sub s} contents. Plant concepts which attempt to handle acid waters above 180 C will be forced to use expensive corrosion resistant alloys or develop specialized materials. On the other hand, handling steam up to 500 C, and pH 9 water up to 180 C appears feasible using nominal cost steels, typical of today's geothermal plants. A number of factors affecting plant or component availability have been identified. The most significant is a corrosion fatigue problem in geothermal turbines at the Geyser's geothermal plant which is presently reducing plant output by about 10%. This is equivalent to over $3 million per year in increased oil consumption to replace the power. In the course of assessing the cost implications of corrosion and scaling problems, a number of areas of technological uncertainty were identified which should be considered in R and D planning in support of geothermal energy. Materials development with both laboratory and field testing will be necessary. The economic analysis on which this report is based was done in support of an AEC Division of Applied Technology program to assess the factors affecting geothermal plant economics. The results of this report are to be used to develop computer models of overall plant economics, of which corrosion and scaling problems are only a part. The translation of the economic analysis to the report which appears here, was done on AEC Special Studies Funds.

Shannon, D.W.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Environmental Impact | Browse Tree Results  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Environmental Impact. From climate change to biodiversity loss - documenting man's impact. CAB International. Home. Abstracts Database. News Articles. ...

404

Neutron Irradiation of Hydrided Cladding Material in HFIR Summary of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Neutron Irradiation of Hydrided Cladding Material in HFIR Summary Neutron Irradiation of Hydrided Cladding Material in HFIR Summary of Initial Activities Neutron Irradiation of Hydrided Cladding Material in HFIR Summary of Initial Activities Irradiation is known to have a significant impact on the properties and performance of Zircaloy cladding and structural materials (material degradation processes, e.g., effects of hydriding). This UFD study examines the behavior and performance of unirradiated cladding and actual irradiated cladding through testing and simulation. Three capsules containing hydrogen-charged Zircaloy-4 cladding material have been placed in the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR). Irradiation of the capsules was conducted for post-irradiation examination (PIE) metallography. Neutron Irradiation of Hydrided Cladding Material in HFIR Summary of

405

Technical Evaluation of the Utility of Intake Approach Velocity as an Indicator of Potential Adverse Environmental Impact under Clea n Water Act Section 316(b)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report addresses issues related to causes of fish impingement at cooling water intake structures (CWISs), specifically the relationship of water velocity, site geometry, fish swimming ability, and environmental conditions. CWIS approach velocity is central to the ongoing U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) effort to regulate CWISs under Section 316(b) of the Clean Water Act. Energy producers, federal and state resource agencies and regulators, and the public will find this report a valuable r...

2000-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

406

EIS-0096: Final Environmental Impact Statement | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

096: Final Environmental Impact Statement 096: Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0096: Final Environmental Impact Statement Remedial Actions at the Former Vitro Rare Metals Plant Site, Canonsburg, Washington County, Pennsylvania This Canonsburg FEIS evaluates the environmental impacts associated with remedial actions in connection with residual radioactive materials remaining at the inactive uranium processing site located in Canonsburg, Washington county, Pennsylvania. The Canonsburg site is an 18.5-acre property that was formerly owned by the Vitro Rare Metals Company. The expanded Canonsburg site would be an approximately 30-acre property that would include the Canonsburg site (the former Vitro Rare Metals plant), seven adjacent private houses, and the former Georges Pottery property,

407

High Impact Business Program (Illinois) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

High Impact Business Program (Illinois) High Impact Business Program (Illinois) High Impact Business Program (Illinois) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Municipal/Public Utility Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Wind Program Info State Illinois Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Sales Tax Incentive Provider Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity The High Impact Business Program provides tax incentives to encourage large-scale economic development. Businesses may qualify for: investment tax credits, a state sales tax exemption on building materials, an exemption from state sales tax on utilities, a state sales tax exemption on purchases of personal property used or consumed in the manufacturing

408

EA-1110: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

110: Finding of No Significant Impact 110: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1110: Finding of No Significant Impact Use of Herbicide for Vegetation Control at VHF Stations, Microwave Stations, Electrical Substations, and Pole Yards Southwestern Power Administration has prepared an environmental assessment (EA) that addressed vegetation control at Southwestern's substations, radio stations, and pole yards. Based on the analysis developed in the EA, Southwestern has concluded, that with proper herbicide application restrictions, there will be no significant environmental impact to the air quality, surface water quality, ground water quality, wetlands, wildlife, aquatic life, threatened and endangered species, cultural resources, human health effects, transportation, or disposal of waste materials.

409

Accepted Manuscript Integrated models to study the impact of ELMs and disruptions on lithium in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accepted Manuscript Integrated models to study the impact of ELMs and disruptions on lithium the impact of ELMs and disruptions on lithium in the NSTX divertor, Journal of Nuclear Materials (2010), doi models to study the impact of ELMs and disruptions on lithium in the NSTX divertor Valeryi Sizyuk

Harilal, S. S.

410

Impact test characterization of carbon-carbon composites for the thermoelectric space power system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Thirty-eight unique carbon-carbon composite materials of cylindrical architecture were fabricated by commercial vendors for evaluation as alternative impact shell materials for the modular heat source of the thermoelectric space power system. Characterization of these materials included gas gun impact tests where cylindrical specimens containing a mass simulant were fired at 55 m/s to impact a target instrumented to measure force. The force versus time output was analyzed to determine: peak force, acceleration, velocity, and displacement. All impact tests exhibited an equivalence between preimpact momentum and measured impulse. In addition, energy was conserved based on a comparison of preimpact kinetic energy and measured work. Impact test results showed that the currently specified material provided impact energy absorption comparable to the best alternatives considered to date.

Romanoski, G.R.; Pih, Hui

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

411

Vehicle Technologies Office: Propulsion Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Materials Manufacturers use propulsion (or powertrain) materials in the components that move vehicles of every size and shape. Conventional vehicles use these materials in components such as the engine, transmission, fuel system, and exhaust after-treatment systems. Electric drive vehicles use propulsion materials in their electric motors and power electronics. Developing advanced propulsion materials is essential to commercializing new, highly efficient automotive technologies that have technical requirements that existing powertrain materials cannot meet. The Vehicle Technology Office's (VTO) research in propulsion materials focuses on four areas: Materials for hybrid and electric drive systems Materials for high efficiency combustion engines Materials to enable energy recovery systems and control exhaust gases

412

Material Challenges and Perspectives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

General history and principals of Li-ion battery, characterization techniques and terminology of its operation will be discussed and explained. Current Li-ion battery applications and comparison to other energy storage and conversion systems will be outlined. Chemistry, material and design of currently commercialized Li-ion batteries will be discussed including various electrode materials for cathodes and anodes. The electrode material candidates and its physical and chemical properties including crystal structure, capacity, cycling stability, cost and safety. Also, current limitations of Li-ion batteries will be discussed.

Choi, Daiwon; Wang, Wei; Yang, Zhenguo

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

413

ATS materials/manufacturing  

SciTech Connect

The Materials/Manufacturing Technology subelement is a part of the base technology portion of the Advanced Turbine Systems (ATS) Program. The work in this subelement is being performed predominantly by industry with assistance from national laboratories and universities. The projects in this subelement are aimed toward hastening the incorporation of new materials and components in gas turbines. Work is currently ongoing on thermal barrier coatings (TBCs), the scale-up of single crystal airfoil manufacturing technologies, materials characterization, and technology information exchange. This paper presents highlights of the activities during the past year. 12 refs., 24 figs., 4 tabs.

Karnitz, M.A.; Wright, I.G.; Ferber, M.K. [and others

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

NUCLEAR MATERIALS ACCOUNTING SYSTEMSMODERNIZATION INITIATIVE...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NUCLEAR MATERIALS ACCOUNTING SYSTEMSMODERNIZATION INITIATIVE, IG-0556 NUCLEAR MATERIALS ACCOUNTING SYSTEMSMODERNIZATION INITIATIVE, IG-0556 The Department of Energy (Department),...

415

Chemical Transformations of Nanostructured Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2013. Symposium, Solution-based Processing for Ceramic Materials. Presentation Title, Chemical ...

416

Perspectives for Emerging Materials Professionals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 31, 2013 ... Materials Science and Engineering in the Canadian Oil Sands - Challenges & Opportunities · Materials Science and Engineering: The Gateway ...

417

Laser Application for Material Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 10, 2012 ... Advanced Materials, Processes and Applications for Additive Manufacturing: Laser Application for Material Processing Program Organizers: ...

418

Materials Science Programs and Projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Materials Science Programs & Projects. ... In this project we measure the fundamental electrical properties of materials from bulk to nanoscale from ...

2010-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

419

Mechanical Behavior of Materials Committee  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Mechanical Behavior of Materials Committee is part of the Structural Materials Division. Our Mission: Covers relationships between microstructure and

420

Computational Discovery of Novel Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 31, 2012 ... Design and Discovery of Novel Energy Materials · Design of ... Design of Multifunctional Material Architectures Using Topology Optimization.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "adverse material impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Materials Genome Architecture and Framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 8, 2012 ... The DARPA-AIM initiative broadened computational materials engineering to address acceleration of the materials development and ...

422

Argonne TDC: Material Transfer Agreements  

Material Transfer Agreements. Materials produced by researchers at Argonne National Laboratory are often of interest to the private sector.

423

Graphene Materials in the Flatland  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Graphene Materials in the Flatland. Purpose: ... The 2-dimensional material called graphene remained undiscovered until a few years ago. ...

2011-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

424

Materials at LANL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Exploring the physics, chemistry, and metallurgy of materials has been a primary focus of Los Alamos National Laboratory since its inception. In the early 1940s, very little was known or understood about plutonium, uranium, or their alloys. In addition, several new ionic, polymeric, and energetic materials with unique properties were needed in the development of nuclear weapons. As the Laboratory has evolved, and as missions in threat reduction, defense, energy, and meeting other emerging national challenges have been added, the role of materials science has expanded with the need for continued improvement in our understanding of the structure and properties of materials and in our ability to synthesize and process materials with unique characteristics. Materials science and engineering continues to be central to this Laboratory's success, and the materials capability truly spans the entire laboratory - touching upon numerous divisions and directorates and estimated to include >1/3 of the lab's technical staff. In 2006, Los Alamos and LANS LLC began to redefine our future, building upon the laboratory's established strengths and promoted by strongly interdependent science, technology and engineering capabilities. Eight Grand Challenges for Science were set forth as a technical framework for bridging across capabilities. Two of these grand challenges, Fundamental Understanding of Materials and Superconductivity and Actinide Science. were clearly materials-centric and were led out of our organizations. The complexity of these scientific thrusts was fleshed out through workshops involving cross-disciplinary teams. These teams refined the grand challenge concepts into actionable descriptions to be used as guidance for decisions like our LDRD strategic investment strategies and as the organizing basis for our external review process. In 2008, the Laboratory published 'Building the Future of Los Alamos. The Premier National Security Science Laboratory,' LA-UR-08-1541. This document introduced three strategic thrusts that crosscut the Grand Challenges and define future laboratory directions and facilities: (1) Information Science and Technology enabl ing integrative and predictive science; (2) Experimental science focused on materials for the future; and (3) Fundamental forensic science for nuclear, biological, and chemical threats. The next step for the Materials Capability was to develop a strategic plan for the second thrust, Materials for the Future. within the context of a capabilities-based Laboratory. This work has involved extending our 2006-2007 Grand Challenge workshops, integrating materials fundamental challenges into the MaRIE definition, and capitalizing on the emerging materials-centric national security missions. Strategic planning workshops with broad leadership and staff participation continued to hone our scientific directions and reinforce our strength through interdependence. By the Fall of 2008, these workshops promoted our primary strength as the delivery of Predictive Performance in applications where Extreme Environments dominate and where the discovery of Emergent Phenomena is a critical. These planning efforts were put into action through the development of our FY10 LDRD Strategic Investment Plan where the Materials Category was defined to incorporate three central thrusts: Prediction and Control of Performance, Extreme Environments and Emergent Phenomena. As with all strategic planning, much of the benefit is in the dialogue and cross-fertilization of ideas that occurs during the process. By winter of 2008/09, there was much agreement on the evolving focus for the Materials Strategy, but there was some lingering doubt over Prediction and Control of Performance as one of the three central thrusts, because it overarches all we do and is, truly, the end goal for materials science and engineering. Therefore, we elevated this thrust within the overarching vision/mission and introduce the concept of Defects and Interfaces as a central thrust that had previously been implied but not clearly articulated.

Taylor, Antoinette J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Materials at LANL  

SciTech Connect

Exploring the physics, chemistry, and metallurgy of materials has been a primary focus of Los Alamos National Laboratory since its inception. In the early 1940s, very little was known or understood about plutonium, uranium, or their alloys. In addition, several new ionic, polymeric, and energetic materials with unique properties were needed in the development of nuclear weapons. As the Laboratory has evolved, and as missions in threat reduction, defense, energy, and meeting other emerging national challenges have been added, the role of materials science has expanded with the need for continued improvement in our understanding of the structure and properties of materials and in our ability to synthesize and process materials with unique characteristics. Materials science and engineering continues to be central to this Laboratory's success, and the materials capability truly spans the entire laboratory - touching upon numerous divisions and directorates and estimated to include >1/3 of the lab's technical staff. In 2006, Los Alamos and LANS LLC began to redefine our future, building upon the laboratory's established strengths and promoted by strongly interdependent science, technology and engineering capabilities. Eight Grand Challenges for Science were set forth as a technical framework for bridging across capabilities. Two of these grand challenges, Fundamental Understanding of Materials and Superconductivity and Actinide Science. were clearly materials-centric and were led out of our organizations. The complexity of these scientific thrusts was fleshed out through workshops involving cross-disciplinary teams. These teams refined the grand challenge concepts into actionable descriptions to be used as guidance for decisions like our LDRD strategic investment strategies and as the organizing basis for our external review process. In 2008, the Laboratory published 'Building the Future of Los Alamos. The Premier National Security Science Laboratory,' LA-UR-08-1541. This document introduced three strategic thrusts that crosscut the Grand Challenges and define future laboratory directions and facilities: (1) Information Science and Technology enabl ing integrative and predictive science; (2) Experimental science focused on materials for the future; and (3) Fundamental forensic science for nuclear, biological, and chemical threats. The next step for the Materials Capability was to develop a strategic plan for the second thrust, Materials for the Future. within the context of a capabilities-based Laboratory. This work has involved extending our 2006-2007 Grand Challenge workshops, integrating materials fundamental challenges into the MaRIE definition, and capitalizing on the emerging materials-centric national security missions. Strategic planning workshops with broad leadership and staff participation continued to hone our scientific directions and reinforce our strength through interdependence. By the Fall of 2008, these workshops promoted our primary strength as the delivery of Predictive Performance in applications where Extreme Environments dominate and where the discovery of Emergent Phenomena is a critical. These planning efforts were put into action through the development of our FY10 LDRD Strategic Investment Plan where the Materials Category was defined to incorporate three central thrusts: Prediction and Control of Performance, Extreme Environments and Emergent Phenomena. As with all strategic planning, much of the benefit is in the dialogue and cross-fertilization of ideas that occurs during the process. By winter of 2008/09, there was much agreement on the evolving focus for the Materials Strategy, but there was some lingering doubt over Prediction and Control of Performance as one of the three central thrusts, because it overarches all we do and is, truly, the end goal for materials science and engineering. Therefore, we elevated this thrust within the overarching vision/mission and introduce the concept of Defects and Interfaces as a central thrust that had previously been implied but not clearly articulated.

Taylor, Antoinette J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Materials research at CMAM  

SciTech Connect

The Centro de Micro Analisis de Materiales (CMAM) is a research centre of the Universidad Autonoma de Madrid dedicated to the modification and analysis of materials using ion beam techniques. The infrastructure, based on a HVEE 5MV tandem accelerator, provided with a coaxial Cockcroft Walton charging system, is fully open to research groups of the UAM, to other public research institutions and to private enterprises. The CMAM research covers a few important lines such as advanced materials, surface science, biomedical materials, cultural heritage, materials for energy production. The Centre gives as well support to university teaching and technical training. A detail description of the research infrastructures and their use statistics will be given. Some of the main research results will be presented to show the progress of research in the Centre in the past few years and to motivate the strategic plans for the forthcoming.

Zucchiatti, Alessandro [Centro de Micro Analisis de Materiales CMAM, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, c/ Faraday 3, 28049 Madrid (Spain)

2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

427

Fission reactors and materials  

SciTech Connect

The American-designed boiling water reactor and pressurized water reactor dominate the designs currently in use and under construction worldwide. As in all energy systems, materials problems have appeared during service; these include stress-corrosion of stainless steel pipes and heat exchangers and questions regarding crack behavior in pressure vessels. To obtain the maximum potential energy from our limited uranium supplies is is essential to develop the fast breeder reactor. The materials in these reactors are subjected to higher temperatures and neutron fluxes but lower pressures than in the water reactors. The performance required of the fuel elements is more arduous in the breeder than in water reactors. Extensive materials programs are in progress in test reactors and in large test rigs to ensure that materials will be available to meet these conditions.

Frost, B.R.T.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Mesoporous carbon materials  

SciTech Connect

The invention is directed to a method for fabricating a mesoporous carbon material, the method comprising subjecting a precursor composition to a curing step followed by a carbonization step, the precursor composition comprising: (i) a templating component comprised of a block copolymer, (ii) a phenolic compound or material, (iii) a crosslinkable aldehyde component, and (iv) at least 0.5 M concentration of a strong acid having a pKa of or less than -2, wherein said carbonization step comprises heating the precursor composition at a carbonizing temperature for sufficient time to convert the precursor composition to a mesoporous carbon material. The invention is also directed to a mesoporous carbon material having an improved thermal stability, preferably produced according to the above method.

Dai, Sheng; Wang, Xiqing

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

429

FOR MATERIALS LICENSEES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To request Commission approval to publish in the Federal Register a final rule that amends financial assurance requirements for certain materials licensees in 10 CFR Parts 30, 40, and 70. The amendments would bring financial assurance requirements more in line with actual decommissioning costs for these materials licensees. SUMMARY: This paper contains a final rule amending financial assurance requirements for certain materials licensees. Eight comments were received on the proposed rule. Staff analysis of these comments concludes that the only recommended change from the proposed rule should be to use the existing definitions of waste processor and waste collector in 10 CFR Part 20, Appendix G, rather than introducing a new definition of waste broker in the regulations. BACKGROUND: The staff notified the Commission of its intent to develop a rulemaking to amend financial assurance requirements for materials licensees in SECY-01-0084 (May, 9, 2001). The staff

William D. Travers; Thomas Fredrichs Nmss/dwm

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Structural Materials Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 5, 2013 ... Sponsored by: TMS Materials Processing and Manufacturing Division, TMS ... Fei Gao2; Kiran Solanki3; Xin Sun2; 1Mississippi State University; 2PNNL; ... A Multiscale Metal/Hydride Mechanical Model for Used-Fuel Zircaloy ...

431

The Materials of Medicine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 1, 2008 ... “The natural human desire to reduce the limitations caused by disability ... pushing this skyrocketing demand for biomedical materials and devices. ... real- time monitoring of hormone concentrations, gas concentrations, and ...

432

Material Safety Data Sheet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Material Safety Data Sheet MSDS of LITHIUM POLYMER battery (total 3pages) 1. Product and Company Identification Product 1.1 Product Name: LITHIUM- POLYMER Battery 1.2 System:...

433

Automotive materials usage trends  

SciTech Connect

The materials composition of US passenger cars is traced from 1960 and projected into 1990's. Sales-weighted average vehicle-weight trends are analyzed in terms of shifts in the large/small car mix, downsizing, and downweighting. The growth in the usage of lightweight materials: -high strength steels, cast/wrought aluminum, plastics and composites - are examined in detail. Usage trends in a host of other materials such as alloy steels, zinc, lead, copper, etc. are also discussed. An approximate quantitative analysis of changes in the usage of steel by the automotive industry worldwide show that about 10% of total decline in Western-World steel consumption is accounted for by the automotive industry. An assessment is presented for automotive industry use of critical materials such as chromium in alloy steels/cast irons and the platinum group metals in exhaust-gas catalysts. 10 references, 13 figures, 9 tables.

Gjostein, N.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Small Building Material Loan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Alaska Housing Finance Corporation (AHFC) offers a Small Building Materials Loan for applicants to complete or renovate property located within a "small community", as defined in the AHFC [http...

435

Nanostructured Materials for Advanced  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). High energy and high power densitiesT Nanostructured Materials for Advanced Li-Ion Rechargeable Batteries THE RECENT INCREASE IN demand

Cao, Guozhong

436

Advanced material appearance modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For many years, appearance models in computer graphics focused on general models for reflectance functions coupled with texture maps. Recently, it has been recognized that even very common materials such as hair, skin, fabric, and rusting metal require ...

Julie Dorsey; Holly Rushmeier

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

2010 Critical Materials Strategy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report examines the role of rare earth metals and other materials in the clean energy economy. It was prepared by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) based on data collected and research performed during 2010.

438

Heavy Vehicle Propulsion Materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objectives are to Provide Key Enabling Materials Technologies to Increase Energy Efficiency and Reduce Exhaust Emissions. The following goals are listed: Goal 1: By 3rd quarter 2002, complete development of materials enabling the maintenance or improvement of fuel efficiency {ge} 45% of class 7-8 truck engines while meeting the EPA/Justice Department ''Consent Decree'' for emissions reduction. Goal 2: By 4th quarter 2004, complete development of enabling materials for light-duty (class 1-2) diesel truck engines with efficiency over 40%, over a wide range of loads and speeds, while meeting EPA Tier 2 emission regulations. Goal 3: By 4th quarter 2006, complete development of materials solutions to enable heavy-duty diesel engine efficiency of 50% while meeting the emission reduction goals identified in the EPA proposed rule for heavy-duty highway engines.''

Ray Johnson

2000-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

439

Biomimetic hydrogel materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Novel biomimetic hydrogel materials and methods for their preparation. Hydrogels containing acrylamide-functionalized carbohydrate, sulfoxide, sulfide or sulfone copolymerized with a hydrophilic or hydrophobic copolymerizing material selected from the group consisting of an acrylamide, methacrylamide, acrylate, methacrylate, vinyl and a derivative thereof present in concentration from about 1 to about 99 wt %. and methods for their preparation. The method of use of the new hydrogels for fabrication of soft contact lenses and biomedical implants.

Bertozzi, Carolyn (Albany, CA); Mukkamala, Ravindranath (Houston, TX); Chen, Qing (Albany, CA); Hu, Hopin (Albuquerque, NM); Baude, Dominique (Creteil, FR)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Biomimetic Hydrogel Materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Novel biomimetic hydrogel materials and methods for their preparation. Hydrogels containing acrylamide-functionalized carbohydrate, sulfoxide, sulfide or sulfone copolymerized with a hydrophilic or hydrophobic copolymerizing material selected from the group consisting of an acrylamide, methacrylamide, acrylate, methacrylate, vinyl and a derivative thereof present in concentration from about 1 to about 99 wt %. and methods for their preparation. The method of use of the new hydrogels for fabrication of soft contact lenses and biomedical implants.

Bertozzi, Carolyn (Albany, CA), Mukkamala, Ravindranath (Houston, TX), Chen, Oing (Albany, CA), Hu, Hopin (Albuquerque, NM), Baude, Dominique (Creteil, FR)

2003-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "adverse material impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Container for radioactive materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A container for housing a plurality of canister assemblies containing radioactive material and disposed in a longitudinally spaced relation within a carrier to form a payload package concentrically mounted within the container. The payload package includes a spacer for each canister assembly, said spacer comprising a base member longitudinally spacing adjacent canister assemblies from each other and a sleeve surrounding the associated canister assembly for centering the same and conducting heat from the radioactive material in a desired flow path.

Fields, Stanley R. (Richland, WA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Primer on Cumulative Impacts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cumulative impacts have become one of the most important aspects of environmental analysis and reporting in terms of transmission siting. This primer provides EPRI members with background information and fundamental understanding of the analysis process. The primer reviews the legal and regulatory framework, briefly examines case law that has helped to define both the cumulative impacts concept and subsequent analysis, and provides a structure for conducting or reviewing cumulative impacts analyses.

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

443

Nuclear Material Management Abstract  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nevada Test Site (NTS) has transitioned from its historical and critical role of weapons testing to another critical role for the nation. This new role focuses on being a integral element in solving the multiple challenges facing the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) with nuclear material management. NTS is positioned to be a solution for other NNSA sites challenged with safe nuclear materials storage and disposition. NNSA, with site involvement, is currently transforming the nuclear stockpile and supporting infrastructure to meet the 2030 vision. Efforts are under way to consolidate and modernize the production complex . With respect to the nuclear material stockpile, the NNSA sites are currently reducing the complex nuclear material inventory through disposition and consolidation. This includes moving material from other sites to NTS. State of the art nuclear material management and control practices at NTS are essential for NTS to ensure that assigned activities are accomplished in a safe, secure, efficient, and environmentally responsible manner. NTS activities and challenges will be addressed.

Jesse C. Schreiber

2007-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

444

mep client impacts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the mep net W or K Utah Manufacturing Extension Partnership ... Making an Impact on US Manufacturing manuFacturing extension partnership UTAH ...

2013-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

445

NYCCS | Economic Impact  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

biotechnology, national security and finance, is accomplished through high performance computing. Some examples of impactful areas are listed below: Modeling, simulation and...

446

ATS materials support  

SciTech Connect

The technology based portion of the Advanced Turbine System Program (ATS) contains several subelements which address generic technology issues for land-base gas turbine systems. One subelement is the Materials/Manufacturing Technology Program which is coordinated by DOE-Oak Ridge Operations and Oak Ridge National laboratory (ORNL) for the Department of Energy. The work in this subelement is being performed predominantly by industry with assistance from national laboratories and universities. Projects in this subelement are aimed toward hastening the incorporation of new materials and components in gas turbines. The materials manufacturing subelement was developed with input from gas turbine manufacturers, material suppliers, government laboratories and universities. Work is currently ongoing on thermal barrier coatings (TBCs), the scale-up of single-crystal airfoil manufacturing technologies, materials characterization and technology information exchange. Westinghouse Power Generation and Pratt and Whitney each have material programs to develop dependable TBCs that enable increased turbine inlet temperatures while maintaining airfoil substrate temperatures at levels to meet the ATS life goals. Howmet and PCC Airfoils each have projects to extend the capability of single-crystal complex-cored airfoil technology to larger sizes so that higher turbine inlet temperatures can be attained in land-based turbines in a cost-effective manner. Materials characterization tasks are ongoing on TBCs in support of the industrial projects. In addition, a project on long-term testing of ceramics and ceramic-matrix composites for gas turbines is being conducted in support of programs at Solar Turbines, Allison Engines, and Westinghouse Power Generation.

Karnitz, M.A.; Wright, I.G.; Ferber, M.K.; Holcomb, R.S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Rawlins, M.H. [Dept. of Energy, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

447

BUILDING MATERIALS RECLAMATION PROGRAM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes work conducted on the Building Materials Reclamation Program for the period of September 2008 to August 2010. The goals of the project included selecting materials from the local construction and demolition (C&D) waste stream and developing economically viable reprocessing, reuse or recycling schemes to divert them from landfill storage. Educational resources as well as conceptual designs and engineering feasibility demonstrations were provided for various aspects of the work. The project was divided into two distinct phases: Research and Engineering Feasibility and Dissemination. In the Research Phase, a literature review was initiated and data collection commenced, an advisory panel was organized, and research was conducted to evaluate high volume C&D materials for nontraditional use; five materials were selected for more detailed investigations. In the Engineering Feasibility and Dissemination Phase, a conceptual study for a regional (Mecklenburg and surrounding counties) collection and sorting facility was performed, an engineering feasibility project to demonstrate the viability of recycling or reuse schemes was created, the literature review was extended and completed, and pedagogical materials were developed. Over the two-year duration of the project, all of the tasks and subtasks outlined in the original project proposal have been completed. The Final Progress Report, which briefly describes actual project accomplishments versus the tasks/subtasks of the original project proposal, is included in Appendix A of this report. This report describes the scientific/technical aspects (hypotheses, research/testing, and findings) of six subprojects that investigated five common C&D materials. Table 1 summarizes the six subprojects, including the C&D material studied and the graduate student and the faculty advisor on each subproject.

David C. Weggel; Shen-En Chen; Helene Hilger; Fabien Besnard; Tara Cavalline; Brett Tempest; Adam Alvey; Madeleine Grimmer; Rebecca Turner

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

448

EIS-0355: Draft Environmental Impact Statement | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Environmental Impact Statement Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0355: Draft Environmental Impact Statement Remediation of the Moab Uranium Mill Tailings, Grand and San Juan Counties, Utah The purpose of the Remediation of the Moab Uranium Mill Tailings, Grand and San Juan Counties, Utah, Draft Environmental Impact Statement is to provide information on the environmental impacts of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) proposal to (1) remediate approximately 11.9 million tons of contaminated materials located on the Moab site and approximately 39,700 tons located on nearby vicinity properties and (2) develop and implement a ground water compliance strategy for the Moab site using the framework of the Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Ground Water Project (DOE/EIS-0198,

449

EIS-0355: Draft Environmental Impact Statement | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Environmental Impact Statement Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0355: Draft Environmental Impact Statement Remediation of the Moab Uranium Mill Tailings, Grand and San Juan Counties, Utah The purpose of the Remediation of the Moab Uranium Mill Tailings, Grand and San Juan Counties, Utah, Draft Environmental Impact Statement is to provide information on the environmental impacts of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) proposal to (1) remediate approximately 11.9 million tons of contaminated materials located on the Moab site and approximately 39,700 tons located on nearby vicinity properties and (2) develop and implement a ground water compliance strategy for the Moab site using the framework of the Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Ground Water Project (DOE/EIS-0198,

450

EIS-0279: Final Environmental Impact Statement | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

279: Final Environmental Impact Statement 279: Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0279: Final Environmental Impact Statement Spent Nuclear Fuel Management, Aiken, South Carolina The proposed DOE action considered in this environmental impact statement (EIS) is to implement appropriate processes for the safe and efficient management of spent nuclear fuel and targets at the Savannah River Site (SRS) in Aiken County, South Carolina, including placing these materials in forms suitable for ultimate disposition. DOE/EIS-0279, Department of Energy, Savannah River Site, Spent Nuclear Fuel Management Final Environmental Impact Statement, Summary, Aiken, South Carolina (March 2000) EIS-0279-FEIS-01-2000.pdf EIS-0279-FEIS-02-2000.pdf More Documents & Publications EIS-0279: Record of Decision EIS-0279: Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement

451

EIS-0355: Final Environmental Impact Statement | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Final Environmental Impact Statement Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0355: Final Environmental Impact Statement Remediation of the Moab Uranium Mill Tailings, Grand and San Juan Counties, Utah The Remediation of the Moab Uranium Mill Tailings, Grand and San Juan Counties, Utah, Final Environmental Impact Statement provides information on the environmental impacts of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) proposal to (1) remediate approximately 11.9 million tons of contaminated materials located on the Moab site and approximately 39,700 tons located on nearby vicinity properties and (2) develop and implement a ground water compliance strategy for the Moab site using the framework of the Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Ground Water Project (DOE/EIS-0198, October 1996). The

452

Microwave impregnation of porous materials with thermal energy storage materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for impregnating a porous, non-metallic construction material with a solid phase-change material is described. The phase-change material in finely divided form is spread onto the surface of the porous material, after which the porous material is exposed to microwave energy for a time sufficient to melt the phase-change material. The melted material is spontaneously absorbed into the pores of the porous material. A sealing chemical may also be included with the phase-change material (or applied subsequent tc the phase-change material) to seal the surface of the porous material. Fire retardant chemicals may also be included with the phase-change materials. The treated construction materials are better able to absorb thermal energy and exhibit increased heat storage capacity.

Benson, D.K.; Burrows, R.W.

1991-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

453

Microwave impregnation of porous materials with thermal energy storage materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for impregnating a porous, non-metallic construction material with a solid phase-change material is described. The phase-change material in finely divided form is spread onto the surface of the porous material, after which the porous material is exposed to microwave energy for a time sufficient to melt the phase-change material. The melted material is spontaneously absorbed into the pores of the porous material. A sealing chemical may also be included with the phase-change material (or applied subsequent to the phase-change material) to seal the surface of the porous material. Fire retardant chemicals may also be included with the phase-change materials. The treated construction materials are better able to absorb thermal energy and exhibit increased heat storage capacity.

Benson, D.K.; Burrows, R.W.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

454

Microwave impregnation of porous materials with thermal energy storage materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for impregnating a porous, non-metallic construction material with a solid phase-change material is described. The phase-change material in finely divided form is spread onto the surface of the porous material, after which the porous material is exposed to microwave energy for a time sufficient to melt the phase-change material. The melted material is spontaneously absorbed into the pores of the porous material. A sealing chemical may also be included with the phase-change material (or applied subsequent to the phase-change material) to seal the surface of the porous material. Fire retardant chemicals may also be included with the phase-change materials. The treated construction materials are better able to absorb thermal energy and exhibit increased heat storage capacity.

Benson, D.K.; Burrows, R.W.

1993-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

455

Microwave impregnation of porous materials with thermal energy storage materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for impregnating a porous, non-metallic construction material with a solid phase-change material is described. The phase-change material in finely divided form is spread onto the surface of the porous material, after which the porous material is exposed to microwave energy for a time sufficient to melt the phase-change material. The melted material is spontaneously absorbed into the pores of the porous material. A sealing chemical may also be included with the phase-change material (or applied subsequent to the phase-change material) to seal the surface of the porous material. Fire retardant chemicals may also be included with the phase-change materials. The treated construction materials are better able to absorb thermal energy and exhibit increased heat storage capacity.

Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Burrows, Richard W. (Conifer, CO)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

DUF6 Materials Use Roadmap  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. government has {approx}500,000 metric tons (MT) of surplus depleted uranium (DU) in various chemical forms stored at U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sites across the United States. This DU, most of which is DU hexafluoride (DUF{sub 6}) resulting from uranium enrichment operations, is the largest amount of nuclear material in DOE's inventory. On July 6, 1999, DOE issued the ''Final Plan for the Conversion of Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride as required by Public Law 105-204'', in which DOE committed to develop a ''Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride Materials Use Roadmap'' in order to establish a strategy for the products resulting from conversion of DUF{sub 6} to a stable form. This report meets the commitment in the Final Plan by providing a comprehensive roadmap that DOE will use to guide any future research and development activities for the materials associated with its DUF{sub 6} inventory. The Roadmap supports the decision presented in the ''Record of Decision for Long-Term Management and Use of Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride'', namely to begin conversion of the DUF{sub 6} inventory as soon as possible, either to uranium oxide, uranium metal, or a combination of both, while allowing for future uses of as much of this inventory as possible. In particular, the Roadmap is intended to explore potential uses for the DUF{sub 6} conversion products and to identify areas where further development work is needed. It focuses on potential governmental uses of DUF{sub 6} conversion products but also incorporates limited analysis of using the products in the private sector. The Roadmap builds on the analyses summarized in the recent ''Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Alternative Strategies for the Long-Term Management and Use of Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride''. It also addresses other surplus DU, primarily in the form of DU trioxide and DU tetrafluoride. The DU-related inventory considered here includes the following: (1) Components directly associated with the DUF{sub 6} presently being stored at gaseous diffusion plant sites in Paducah, Kentucky; Portsmouth, Ohio; and Oak Ridge, Tennessee--470,500 MT of DU, 225,000 MT of fluorine chemically combined with the DU, and 74,000 MT of carbon steel comprising the storage cylinders; (2) Approximately 27,860 MT of DU in the form of uranium trioxide, tetrafluoride, and various other forms containing varying amounts of radioactive and chemical impurities, presently stored primarily at DOE's Savannah River Site. This Roadmap characterizes and analyzes alternative paths for eventual disposition of these materials, identifies the barriers that exist to implementing the paths, and makes recommendations concerning the activities that should be undertaken to overcome the barriers. The disposition paths considered in this roadmap and shown in Fig. ES.1 are (a) implementation of cost-effective and institutionally feasible beneficial uses of DU using the products of DUF{sub 6} conversion and other forms of DU in DOE's inventory, (b) processing the fluorine product resulting from DUF{sub 6} conversion to yield an optimal mix of valuable fluorine compounds [e.g., hydrogen fluoride (hydrofluoric acid), boron trifluoride] for industrial use, and (c) processing emptied cylinders to yield intact cylinders that are suitable for reuse, while maintaining an assured and cost-effective direct disposal path for all of the DU-related materials. Most paths consider the potential beneficial use of the DU and other DUF{sub 6} conversion products for the purpose of achieving overall benefits, including cost savings to the federal government, compared with simply disposing of the materials. However, the paths provide for assured direct disposal of these products if cost-effective and institutionally feasible beneficial uses are not found.

Haire, M.J.

2002-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

457

Characterization of advanced preprocessed materials (Hydrothermal)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The initial hydrothermal treatment parameters did not achieve the proposed objective of this effort; the reduction of intrinsic ash in the corn stover. However, liquid fractions from the 170°C treatments was indicative that some of the elements routinely found in the ash that negatively impact the biochemical conversion processes had been removed. After reviewing other options for facilitating ash removal, sodium-citrate (chelating agent) was included in the hydrothermal treatment process, resulting in a 69% reduction in the physiological ash. These results indicated that chelation –hydrothermal treatment is one possible approach that can be utilized to reduce the overall ash content of feedstock materials and having a positive impact on conversion performance.

Rachel Emerson; Garold Gresham

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Impacts of EV battery production and recycling  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Electric vehicles batteries use energy and produce environmental residuals when they are produced and recycled. This study estimates, for four selected battery types (sodium-sulfur, nickel-metal hydride, nickel-cadmium, and advanced lead-acid), the impacts of production and recycling of the materials used in electric vehicle batteries. These impacts are compared, with special attention to the locations of the emissions. It is found that the choice among batteries for electric vehicles involves tradeoffs among impacts. Nickel-cadmium and nickel-metal hydride batteries are similar, for example, but energy requirements for the production of cadmium electrodes may be higher than those for metal hydride electrodes, while the latter may be more difficult to recycle.

Gaines, L.; Singh, M. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Energy Systems Div.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Design of Bulk Nanocomposites as High Efficiency Thermoelectric Materials |  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Design of Bulk Nanocomposites as High Design of Bulk Nanocomposites as High Efficiency Thermoelectric Materials Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights Highlight Archives News & Events Publications Contact BES Home 04.27.12 Design of Bulk Nanocomposites as High Efficiency Thermoelectric Materials Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Scientific Achievement A newly synthesized bulk thermoelectric material that contains nanocrystals with the same orientation and structure as the host material breaks thermoelectric efficiency records by blocking thermal, but not electrical, conductivity. Significance and Impact A new strategy to design inexpensive materials that more efficiently convert heat to electricity. Research Details Thermoelectric materials directly generate electrical power from heat, but

460

Bioinspired Materials Design from Renewable Resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2010. Symposium, Bioinspired Materials Engineering. Presentation Title, Bioinspired Materials ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "adverse material impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Midwestern Radioactive Materials Transportation Committee Agenda...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Midwestern Radioactive Materials Transportation Committee Agenda Midwestern Radioactive Materials Transportation Committee Agenda Midwestern Radioactive Materials Transportation...

462

Impact of Copper Thefts on the Department of Energy (OIG Case No.: I11IG002)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

August 17, 2011 August 17, 2011 MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY FROM: Gregory H. Friedman Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Impact of Copper Thefts on the Department of Energy (OIG Case No.: I11IG002) A series of news articles during the last several months have reported increased thefts of copper nationally, including several that have interrupted electrical distribution and telephone service in communities across the country. These thefts have also adversely impacted new construction projects, irrigation systems and other infrastructure projects. In fact, the Federal Bureau of Investigation reported in an unclassified intelligence assessment that copper thefts threaten the critical infrastructure of the United States.

463

Impact of inverter station on torsional dynamics of parallel HVdc-ac power system  

SciTech Connect

This paper investigates the impact of an inverter station on the torsional dynamics of a turbine-generator set which is located at the rectifier side of a parallel HVdc-ac power system. The studies show that depending on the stiffness of the inverter ac bus and electrical coupling between the inverter and rectifier ac buses, the inverter closed loop control can have noticeable contribution to the instability of torsional dynamics. This adverse torsional impact is observed in the study results even when the inverter ac bus is fairly strong (ESCR larger than 5.0).

Iravani, M.R.; Zhao, Z.; Hamouda, R.M. (Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Electrical Engineering)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Geothermal materials development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Advances in the development of new materials, the commercial availabilities of which are essential for the attainment of Hydrothermal Category Level 1 and 2 Objectives, continue to be made in the Geothermal Materials Development Project. Many successes have already been accrued and the results transferred to industry. In FY 1990, the R D efforts were focused on reducing well drilling and completion costs and on mitigating corrosion in well casing. Activities on lost circulation control materials, CO{sub 2}- resistant lightweight cements, and thermally conductive corrosion and scale-resistant protective liner systems have reached the final development stages, and cost-shared field tests are planned for the FY 1991--1992 time frame. Technology transfer efforts on high temperature elastomers for use in drilling tools are continuing under Geothermal Drilling Organization (GDO) sponsorship.

Kukacka, L.E.

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Ion Beam Materials Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facilities » Facilities » Ion Beam Materials Lab Ion Beam Materials Lab A new research frontier awaits! Our door is open and we thrive on mutually beneficial partnerships, collaborations that drive innovations and new technologies. April 12, 2012 Ion Beam Danfysik Implanter High Voltage Terminal. Contact Yongqiang Wang (505) 665-1596 Email Devoted to the characterization and modification of surfaces through the use of ion beams The Ion Beam Materials Laboratory (IBML) is a Los Alamos National Laboratory resource devoted to the characterization and modification of surfaces through the use of ion beams. The IBML provides and operates the core facilities, while supporting the design and implementation of specific apparati needed for experiments requested by users of the facility. The result is a facility with

466

Apparatus for dispensing material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus capable of dispensing drops of material with volumes on the order of zeptoliters is described. In some embodiments of the inventive pipette the size of the droplets so dispensed is determined by the size of a hole, or channel, through a carbon shell encapsulating a reservoir that contains material to be dispensed. The channel may be formed by irradiation with an electron beam or other high-energy beam capable of focusing to a spot size less than about 5 nanometers. In some embodiments, the dispensed droplet remains attached to the pipette by a small thread of material, an atomic scale meniscus, forming a virtually free-standing droplet. In some embodiments the droplet may wet the pipette tip and take on attributes of supported drops. Methods for fabricating and using the pipette are also described.

Sutter, Peter Werner (Beach, NY); Sutter, Eli Anguelova (Beach, NY)

2011-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

467

Optimized nanoporous materials.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanoporous materials have maximum practical surface areas for electrical charge storage; every point in an electrode is within a few atoms of an interface at which charge can be stored. Metal-electrolyte interfaces make best use of surface area in porous materials. However, ion transport through long, narrow pores is slow. We seek to understand and optimize the tradeoff between capacity and transport. Modeling and measurements of nanoporous gold electrodes has allowed us to determine design principles, including the fact that these materials can deplete salt from the electrolyte, increasing resistance. We have developed fabrication techniques to demonstrate architectures inspired by these principles that may overcome identified obstacles. A key concept is that electrodes should be as close together as possible; this is likely to involve an interpenetrating pore structure. However, this may prove extremely challenging to fabricate at the finest scales; a hierarchically porous structure can be a worthy compromise.

Braun, Paul V. (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL); Langham, Mary Elizabeth; Jacobs, Benjamin W.; Ong, Markus D.; Narayan, Roger J. (North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC); Pierson, Bonnie E. (North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC); Gittard, Shaun D. (North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC); Robinson, David B.; Ham, Sung-Kyoung (Korea Basic Science Institute, Gangneung, South Korea); Chae, Weon-Sik (Korea Basic Science Institute, Gangneung, South Korea); Gough, Dara V. (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL); Wu, Chung-An Max; Ha, Cindy M.; Tran, Kim L.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Oxygen ion conducting materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An oxygen ion conducting ceramic oxide that has applications in industry including fuel cells, oxygen pumps, oxygen sensors, and separation membranes. The material is based on the idea that substituting a dopant into the host perovskite lattice of (La,Sr)MnO.sub.3 that prefers a coordination number lower than 6 will induce oxygen ion vacancies to form in the lattice. Because the oxygen ion conductivity of (La,Sr)MnO.sub.3 is low over a very large temperature range, the material exhibits a high overpotential when used. The inclusion of oxygen vacancies into the lattice by doping the material has been found to maintain the desirable properties of (La,Sr)MnO.sub.3, while significantly decreasing the experimentally observed overpotential.

Vaughey, John (Elmhurst, IL); Krumpelt, Michael (Naperville, IL); Wang, Xiaoping (Downers Grove, IL); Carter, J. David (Bolingbrook, IL)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Nuclear Maintenance Applications Center: Foreign Material Exclusion Site Coordinator Training—Student Handbook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main purpose of this report is to provide newly appointed foreign material exclusion (FME) coordinators with vital FME program information so they can quickly perform their responsibilities at a high level to ensure that site FME practices do not adversely affect equipment and plant performance. FME coordinators who wish or need to improve station FME program performance would also benefit by attending this training. This report provides a comprehensive overview of technical considerations required t...

2010-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

470

Thermal energy storage material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermal energy storage material which is stable at atmospheric temperature and pressure and has a melting point higher than 32.degree.F. is prepared by dissolving a specific class of clathrate forming compounds, such as tetra n-propyl or tetra n-butyl ammonium fluoride, in water to form a substantially solid clathrate. The resultant thermal energy storage material is capable of absorbing heat from or releasing heat to a given region as it transforms between solid and liquid states in response to temperature changes in the region above and below its melting point.

Leifer, Leslie (Hancock, MI)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Container for radioactive materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A container is claimed for housing a plurality of canister assemblies containing radioactive material. The several canister assemblies are stacked in a longitudinally spaced relation within a carrier to form a payload concentrically mounted within the container. The payload package includes a spacer for each canister assembly, said spacer comprising a base member longitudinally spacing adjacent canister assemblies from each other and sleeve surrounding the associated canister assembly for centering the same and conducting heat from the radioactive material in a desired flow path. 7 figures.

Fields, S.R.

1984-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

472

Materials for geothermal production  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Advances in the development of new materials continue to be made in the geothermal materials project. Many successes have already been accrued and the results used commercially. In FY 1991, work was focused on reducing well drilling, fluid transport and energy conversion costs. Specific activities performed included lightweight CO{sub 2}-resistant well cements, thermally conductive and scale resistant protective liner systems, chemical systems for lost circulation control, corrosion mitigation in process components at The Geysers, and elastomer-metal bonding systems. Efforts to transfer the technologies developed in these efforts to other energy-related sectors of the economy continued and considerable success was achieved.

Kukacka, L.E.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Dynamic Behavior of Materials VI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Capturing Microstructural Features Related to Dynamic Damage Nucleation ... Structural Alumina during Low Velocity Impact Used in Protective Systems.

474

Old Electrochromic Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electrochromic Materials Electrochromic Materials DOE also supports the development of electrochromic coatings through several mechanisms. Three companies are engaged in development of commercial prototypes through the Electrochromics Initiative and an SBIR small business grant. LBNL and another DOE laboratory, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) perform a variety of measurements to evaluate the energy performance and durability of these prototypes . Other research activities are intended to assist the efforts of the industry in general. At LBNL, research focuses on rapid development and analysis of electrode materials. Among recent accomplishments was the production of a stoichiometric form of Li0.5Ni0.5O by laser deposition and sputtering with excellent electrochromic properties. Dr. Stuart Cogan of EIC Laboratories tested the films and declared them to have "the highest coloration efficiency of any known anodic electrochromic material." EIC will test the films in their own devices in the near future. We also work on several binary electrodes produced by cosputtering from two targets simultaneously. For example, enhanced forms of tungsten oxide produced in this way have wide application because of the prevalence of tungsten oxide in today's devices. In addition to testing durability, NREL also investigates the degradation mechanisms which lead to failure in the hope of being able to correlate accelerated testing to real time failure as well as to diagnose and correct device problems.

475

DISASTER PLAN Library Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New York: Neal-Schuman; 1992. Kahn, Miriam. Disaster Response and Prevention for Computer And DataDISASTER PLAN Library Materials For the University of Toronto Library System September 2013 disaster planning for archives, libraries and record centres. Second edition. Boston: Scarecrow Press, 2002

Sokolowski, Marla

476

Lead carbonate scintillator materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Improved radiation detectors containing lead carbonate or basic lead carbonate as the scintillator element are disclosed. Both of these scintillators have been found to provide a balance of good stopping power, high light yield and short decay constant that is superior to other known scintillator materials. The radiation detectors disclosed are favorably suited for use in general purpose detection and in medical uses.

Derenzo, Stephen E. (Pinole, CA); Moses, William W. (Berkeley, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Advanced desiccant materials research  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The long-range goal of this task is to understand the role of surface phenomena in desiccant cooling materials. The background information includes a brief introduction to desiccant cooling systems (DCS) and the role of the desiccant as a system component. The purpose, background, rationale, and long-term technical approach for studying advanced desiccant materials are then treated. Experimental methods for measuring water vapor sorption by desiccants are described, and the rationale is then given for choosing a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) for measuring sorption isotherms, rates, and cyclic stability. Background information is given about the QCM, including the quartz crystal resonator itself, the support structure for the quartz crystal, and the advantages and limitations of a QCM. The apparatus assembled and placed into operation during CY 1985 is described. The functions of the principal components of the equipment, i.e., the QCM, vacuum system, pressure gauges, residual gas analyzer, constant temperature bath, and data acquisition system, are described as they relate to the water vapor sorption measurements now under way. The criteria for narrowing the potential candidates as advanced desiccant materials for the initial studies are given. Also given is a list of 20 principal candidate materials identified based on the criteria and data available in the literature.

Czanderna, A.W.; Thomas, T.M.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Recycle of battery materials  

SciTech Connect

Studies were conducted on the recycling of advanced battery system components for six different battery systems. These include: Nickel/Zinc, Nickel/Iron, Zinc/Chlorine, Zinc/Bromine, Sodium/Sulfur, and Lithium-Aluminum/Iron Sulfide. For each battery system, one or more processes has been developed which would permit recycling of the major or active materials.

Pemsler, J.P.; Spitz, R.A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Radiation in Building Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After years of studies and experiments scientists know that Radon is everywhere but found in high concentrations particularly in rocks and soil enriched in uranium Many of these rocks and soils are treated and compacted to create everyday building materials that are found in homes in which we live and work. A new

Iap Assignment; Katharine Chu

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Battery paste expander material  

SciTech Connect

Battery paste expander material for the negative plate of a lead--acid storage battery had the following composition: finely divided carbon; barium sulfate; lignosulfonic acid; sulfur; carbohydrates; and Ca/sup 2 +/, Na/sup +/, and NH/sub 4//sup +/ ions. (RWR)

Limbert, J.L.; Procter, H.G.; Poe, D.T.

1971-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "adverse material impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

New Materials for Spintronics  

SciTech Connect

One of the critical materials needs for the development of spin electronics is diluted magnetic semiconductors (DMS) which retain their ferromagnetism at and above room temperature. Spin polarization in DMS materials leads to the possibility of spin-polarized current injection into nonmagnetic semiconductor heterostructures. Such transport is of critical importance in the development of devices that utilize spin (e.g. spin-LEDs and spin-FETs). New magnetically-doped semiconducting oxides that show promise because of Curie points which exceed room temperature are currently being investigated in our lab and elsewhere. However, the detailed materials properties and mechanism(s) of magnetism in these systems have been elusive. In this talk, I will present recent results from our laboratory focused on the MBE synthesis and properties of these ferromagnetic oxide semiconductors. This work was funded by the PNNL Nanoscience and Technology Initiative, the US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Materials Science and Engineering Physics, and the DARPA Spins in Semiconductors (SPINS) Initiative.

Chambers, Scott A.; Yoo, Young K.

2003-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

482

Additive Manufacturing - Materials by Design  

Livermore materials scientists and engineers are designing and building new materials that will open up new spaces on many Ashby material selection charts, such as those for stiffness and density as well as thermal expansion and stiffness. This is ...

483

CRAD, Packaging and Transfer of Hazardous Materials and Materials of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Packaging and Transfer of Hazardous Materials and Materials Packaging and Transfer of Hazardous Materials and Materials of National Security Interest Assessment Plan CRAD, Packaging and Transfer of Hazardous Materials and Materials of National Security Interest Assessment Plan Performance Objective: Verify that packaging and transportation safety requirements of hazardous materials and materials of national security interest have been established and are in compliance with DOE Orders 461.1 and 460.1B Criteria: Verify that safety requirements for the proper packaging and transportation of DOE/NNSA offsite shipments and onsite transfers of hazardous materials and for modal transport have been established [DOE O 460.1B, 1, "Objectives"]. Verify that the contractor transporting a package of hazardous materials is in compliance with the requirements of the Hazardous Materials

484

Minority Economic Impact | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Minority Economic Impact Minority Economic Impact Diversity and Inclusion Supporting Small Businesses Minority Economic Impact Partnering with Minority Serving Institutions...

485

EIS-0277: Final Environmental Impact Statement | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Final Environmental Impact Statement Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0277: Final Environmental Impact Statement Management of Certain Plutonium Residues and Scrub Alloy Stored at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site This EIS evaluates the potential alternatives and impacts associated with a proposal to process certain plutonium residues and all of the scrub alloy currently stored at Rocky Flats. While ongoing stabilization activities at Rocky Flats are addressing immediate health and safety concerns associated with existing storage conditions, the indefinite storage of these materials, even after stabilization, would continue to present health and safety concerns that could only be eliminated by disposal or other disposition of the materials. Thus, this EIS evaluates alternative processing technologies to prepare these

486

Longevity of Emplacement Drift Ground Support Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this analysis is to evaluate the factors affecting the longevity of emplacement drift ground support materials and to develop a basis for the selection of materials for ground support that will function throughout the preclosure period of a potential repository at Yucca Mountain. REV 01 ICN 01 of this analysis is developed in accordance with AP-3.10Q, Analyses and Models, Revision 2, ICN 4, and prepared in accordance with the Technical Work Plan for Subsurface Design Section FY 01 Work Activities (CRWMS M&O 2001a). The objective of this analysis is to update the previous analysis (CRWMS M&O 2000a) to account for related changes in the Ground Control System Description Document (CRWMS M&O 2000b), the Monitored Geologic Repository Project Description Document, which is included in the Requirements and Criteria for Implementing a Repository Design that can be Operated Over a Range of Thermal Modes (BSC 2001), input information, and in environmental conditions, and to provide updated information on candidate ground support materials. Candidate materials for ground support are carbon steel and cement grout. Steel is mainly used for steel sets, lagging, channel, rock bolts, and wire mesh. Cement grout is only considered in the case of grouted rock bolts. Candidate materials for the emplacement drift invert are carbon steel and granular natural material. Materials are evaluated for the repository emplacement drift environment based on the updated thermal loading condition and waste package design. The analysis consists of the following tasks: (1) Identify factors affecting the longevity of ground support materials for use in emplacement drifts. (2) Review existing documents concerning the behavior of candidate ground support materials during the preclosure period. (3) Evaluate impacts of temperature and radiation effects on mechanical and thermal properties of steel. Assess corrosion potential of steel at emplacement drift environment. (4) Evaluate factors affecting longevity of cement grouts for fully grouted rock bolt system. Provide updated information on cement grout mix design for fully grouted rock bolt system. (5) Evaluate longevity of materials for the emplacement drift invert.

D.H.Tang

2001-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

487

Materials Transportation Testing & Analysis at Sandia National Laboratories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Unique Solutions] Unique Solutions] [Working With Us] [Contacting Us] [News Center] [Search] [Home] [navigation panel] Materials Transportation Testing & Analysis Our Mission Our Contacts Write to Us Package Development Risk Assessment RADTRAN GIS Mapping Structural Analysis Thermal Analysis Structural Testing Thermal Testing MIDAS Data Aquisition System Concepts Materials Characterization Regulatory Development Certification Support RMIR Data Base Scientific Visualization Mobile Instrumentation Data Acquisition System (MIDAS) Doug Ammerman, (505) 845-8158 The Mobile Instrumentation Data Acquisition System (MIDAS), developed by Sandia National Laboratories for the U.S. Department of Energy, provides on-site data acquisition of containers that transport radioactive materials during impact, puncture, fire, and immersion tests.

488

Material characterization of high-voltage lithium-ion battery models for crashworthiness analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A three-phased study of the material properties and post-impact behavior of prismatic pouch lithium-ion battery cells was conducted to refine computational finite element models and explore the mechanisms of thermal runaway ...

Meier, Joseph D. (Joseph David)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

NETL: Onsite Research- Materials Performance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Performance Onsite Research Materials Performance Emerging energy-production technologies such as gasification, solid oxide fuel cells, and ultra supercritical, fluidized...

490

Independent Materials Testing Laboratories, Inc.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... [02/L24] ASTM D2974 Moisture, Ash, and Organic Matter of Peat Material. ... Engaged in the Testing and/or Inspection of Materials Used in ...

2013-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

491

MULTIDISCIPLINARY FREE MATERIAL OPTIMIZATION 1 ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a mathematical framework for the so-called multidisciplinary free material ... Free material optimization (FMO) is a branch of structural optimiza- tion.

492

Structural Materials - Irradiation Studies II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 15, 2012 ... Materials and Fuels for the Current and Advanced Nuclear Reactors: Structural Materials - Irradiation Studies II Sponsored by: The Minerals, ...

493

Materials for Infrastructure Applications - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 18, 2008 ... This presentation was given as part of the special Materials in Society session " Materials for Infrastructure: Building Bridges in the Global ...

494

OOF.File.Save.Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... discussed in Section 2.6. The materials parameter is a Python list of names of Materials , eg, ['granite', 'schist', 'pumice'] . ...

2013-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

495

Sensors & Materials | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and engineering expertise to develop, test, and deploy sensors and materials to detect nuclear and radiological materials, chemical and biological agents and explosives. Argonne...

496

Sustainability: The Materials Role - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 2, 2008 ... home ... Improvements in processing, in materials substitution, in design to minimize materials usage, and in recycling of metals and polymers ...

497

Berkeley Lab - Materials Sciences Division  

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cultivate a collaborative and interdisciplinary approach to materials research and help train the next generation of materials scientists. Quick Facts Established in 1962 Number of...

498

Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The long term goal is to capture this information in efficient computational models and ... Generic Materials Property Data Storage and Retrieval for Alloy Material ...

499

Nuclear Materials Control and Accountability  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

data and reports on accountable nuclear material to NMMSS and Nuclear Materials Inventory Assessments.", to "The accounting system provides data for reporting on accountable...

500

Advanced Materials | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

these new materials to industry. For example, an understanding of how defects form at the atomic level allows creation of improved materials that approach their theoretical...