Sample records for adoption model der-cam

  1. DER-CAM V3.10.5M

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    003010IBMPC04 Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM), Investment & Planing Version 3.10.5.m   

  2. Microgrid modeling using the stochastic Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model DER-CAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    output introduce time-of-use tariffs for home electricityinfo – electricity/NG tariffs (time of use, demand charges),

  3. Plug-in Electric Vehicle Interactions with a Small Office Building: An Economic Analysis using DER-CAM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Momber, Ilan; Gomez, Tomás; Venkataramanan, Giri; Stadler, Michael; Beer, Sebastian; Lai, Judy; Marnay, Chris; Battaglia, Vincent

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is generally believed that plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) offer environmental and energy security advantages compared to conventional vehicles. Policies are stimulating electric transportation deployment, and PEV adoption may grow significantly. New technology and business models are being developed to organize the PEV interface and their interaction with the wider grid. This paper analyzes the PEVs' integration into a building's Energy Management System (EMS), differentiating between vehicle to macrogrid (V2M) and vehicle to microgrid (V2m) applications. This relationship is modeled by the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM), which finds optimal equipment combinations to meet microgrid requirements at minimum cost, carbon footprint, or other criteria. Results derive battery value to the building and the possibility of a contractual affiliation sharing the benefit. Under simple annual fixed payments and energy exchange agreements, vehicles are primarily used to avoid peak demand charges supplying cheaper off-peak electricity to the building during workdays.

  4. Modeling of customer adoption of distributed energy resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marnay, Chris; Chard, Joseph S.; Hamachi, Kristina S.; Lipman, Timothy; Moezzi, Mithra M.; Ouaglal, Boubekeur; Siddiqui, Afzal S.

    2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes work completed for the California Energy Commission (CEC) on the continued development and application of the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). This work was performed at Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) between July 2000 and June 2001 under the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) Distributed Energy Resources Integration (DERI) project. Our research on distributed energy resources (DER) builds on the concept of the microgrid ({mu}Grid), a semiautonomous grouping of electricity-generating sources and end-use sinks that are placed and operated for the benefit of its members. Although a {mu}Grid can operate independent of the macrogrid (the utility power network), the {mu}Grid is usually interconnected, purchasing energy and ancillary services from the macrogrid. Groups of customers can be aggregated into {mu}Grids by pooling their electrical and other loads, and the most cost-effective combination of generation resources for a particular {mu}Grid can be found. In this study, DER-CAM, an economic model of customer DER adoption implemented in the General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS) optimization software is used, to find the cost-minimizing combination of on-site generation customers (individual businesses and a {mu}Grid) in a specified test year. DER-CAM's objective is to minimize the cost of supplying electricity to a specific customer by optimizing the installation of distributed generation and the self-generation of part or all of its electricity. Currently, the model only considers electrical loads, but combined heat and power (CHP) analysis capability is being developed under the second year of CEC funding. The key accomplishments of this year's work were the acquisition of increasingly accurate data on DER technologies, including the development of methods for forecasting cost reductions for these technologies, and the creation of a credible example California {mu}Grid for use in this study and in future work. The work performed during this year demonstrates the viability of DER-CAM and of our approach to analyzing adoption of DER.

  5. A Model of U.S. Commercial Distributed Generation Adoption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LaCommare, Kristina Hamachi; Ryan Firestone; Zhou, Nan; Maribu,Karl; Marnay, Chris

    2006-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Small-scale (100 kW-5 MW) on-site distributed generation (DG) economically driven by combined heat and power (CHP) applications and, in some cases, reliability concerns will likely emerge as a common feature of commercial building energy systems over the next two decades. Forecasts of DG adoption published by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) in the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) are made using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS), which has a forecasting module that predicts the penetration of several possible commercial building DG technologies over the period 2005-2025. NEMS is also used for estimating the future benefits of Department of Energy research and development used in support of budget requests and management decisionmaking. The NEMS approach to modeling DG has some limitations, including constraints on the amount of DG allowed for retrofits to existing buildings and a small number of possible sizes for each DG technology. An alternative approach called Commercial Sector Model (ComSeM) is developed to improve the way in which DG adoption is modeled. The approach incorporates load shapes for specific end uses in specific building types in specific regions, e.g., cooling in hospitals in Atlanta or space heating in Chicago offices. The Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM) uses these load profiles together with input cost and performance DG technology assumptions to model the potential DG adoption for four selected cities and two sizes of five building types in selected forecast years to 2022. The Distributed Energy Resources Market Diffusion Model (DER-MaDiM) is then used to then tailor the DER-CAM results to adoption projections for the entire U.S. commercial sector for all forecast years from 2007-2025. This process is conducted such that the structure of results are consistent with the structure of NEMS, and can be re-injected into NEMS that can then be used to integrate adoption results into a full forecast.

  6. Distributed energy resources in practice: A case study analysis and validation of LBNL's customer adoption model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, Owen; Creighton, Charles; Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Stadler, Michael

    2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a Berkeley Lab effort to model the economics and operation of small-scale (<500 kW) on-site electricity generators based on real-world installations at several example customer sites. This work builds upon the previous development of the Distributed Energy Resource Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM), a tool designed to find the optimal combination of installed equipment, and idealized operating schedule, that would minimize the site's energy bills, given performance and cost data on available DER technologies, utility tariffs, and site electrical and thermal loads over a historic test period, usually a recent year. This study offered the first opportunity to apply DER-CAM in a real-world setting and evaluate its modeling results. DER-CAM has three possible applications: first, it can be used to guide choices of equipment at specific sites, or provide general solutions for example sites and propose good choices for sites with similar circumstances; second, it can additionally provide the basis for the operations of installed on-site generation; and third, it can be used to assess the market potential of technologies by anticipating which kinds of customers might find various technologies attractive. A list of approximately 90 DER candidate sites was compiled and each site's DER characteristics and their willingness to volunteer information was assessed, producing detailed information on about 15 sites of which five sites were analyzed in depth. The five sites were not intended to provide a random sample, rather they were chosen to provide some diversity of business activity, geography, and technology. More importantly, they were chosen in the hope of finding examples of true business decisions made based on somewhat sophisticated analyses, and pilot or demonstration projects were avoided. Information on the benefits and pitfalls of implementing a DER system was also presented from an additional ten sites including agriculture, education, health care, airport, and manufacturing facilities.

  7. The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (English Version)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

    2004-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The August 2003 blackout of the northeastern U.S. and CANADA caused great economic losses and inconvenience to New York City and other affected areas. The blackout was a warning to the rest of the world that the ability of conventional power systems to meet growing electricity demand is questionable. Failure of large power systems can lead to serious emergencies. Introduction of on-site generation, renewable energy such as solar and wind power and the effective utilization of exhaust heat is needed, to meet the growing energy demands of the residential and commercial sectors. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems. This work demonstrates a method for choosing and designing economically optimal DER systems. An additional purpose of this research is to establish a database of energy tariffs, DER technology cost and performance characteristics, and building energy consumption for Japan. This research builds on prior DER studies at the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and with their associates in the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) and operation, including the development of the microgrid concept, and the DER selection optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM is a tool designed to find the optimal combination of installed equipment and an idealized operating schedule to minimize a site's energy bills, given performance and cost data on available DER technologies, utility tariffs, and site electrical and thermal loads over a test period, usually an historic year. Since hourly electric and thermal energy data are rarely available, they are typically developed by building simulation for each of six end use loads used to model the building: electric-only loads, space heating, space cooling, refrigeration, water heating, and natural-gas-only loads. DER-CAM provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the necessary useful energy loads can be provided for at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, cooling, and efficiency improvements. This study examines five prototype commercial buildings and uses DER-CAM to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Each building type was considered for both 5,000 and 10,000 square meter floor sizes. The energy consumption of these building types is based on building energy simulation and published literature. Based on the optimization results, energy conservation and the emissions reduction were also evaluated. Furthermore, a comparison study between Japan and the U.S. has been conducted covering the policy, technology and the utility tariffs effects on DER systems installations. This study begins with an examination of existing DER research. Building energy loads were then generated through simulation (DOE-2) and scaled to match available load data in the literature. Energy tariffs in Japan and the U.S. were then compared: electricity prices did not differ significantly, while commercial gas prices in Japan are much higher than in the U.S. For smaller DER systems, the installation costs in Japan are more than twice those in the U.S., but this difference becomes smaller with larger systems. In Japan, DER systems are eligible for a 1/3 rebate of installation costs, while subsidies in the U.S. vary significantly by region and application. For 10,000 m{sup 2} buildings, significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbon emissions, and energy costs were seen in the economically optimal results. This was most noticeable in the sports facility, followed the hospital and hotel. This research demonstrates that office buildings can benefit from CHP, in contrast to popular opinion. For hospitals and sports facilities, the use of waste heat is particularly effective for water and space heating. For the other building types, waste heat is most effectively use

  8. An Analysis of the DER Adoption Climate in Japan UsingOptimization Results for Prototype Buildings with U.S. Comparisons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida,Masaru

    2006-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This research demonstrates economically optimal distributedenergy resource (DER) system choice using the DER choice and operationsoptimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer AdoptionModel (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds the optimal combination of installedequipment given prevailing utility tariffs and fuel prices, siteelectrical and thermal loads (including absorption cooling), and a menuof available equipment. It provides a global optimization, albeitidealized, that shows how site useful energy loads can be served atminimum cost. Five prototype Japanese commercial buildings are examinedand DER-CAM is applied to select the economically optimal DER system foreach. Based on the optimization results, energy and emission reductionsare evaluated. Significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbonemissions, and energy costs were seen in the DER-CAM results. Savingswere most noticeable in the prototype sports facility, followed by thehospital, hotel, and office building. Results show that DER with combinedheat and power equipment is a promising efficiency and carbon mitigationstrategy, but that precise system design is necessary. Furthermore, aJapan-U.S. comparison study of policy, technology, and utility tariffsrelevant to DER installation is presented.

  9. Distributed energy resources in practice: A case study analysis and validation of LBNL's customer adoption model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Owen; Creighton, Charles; Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Stadler, Michael

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pharmingen Distributed Energy Resources in Practice Tablemany regions. Distributed Energy Resources in Practice 10.of µGrid Distributed Energy Resource Potential Using DER-CAM

  10. Modeling of Customer Adoption of Distributed Energy Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modeling of Customer Adoption of Distributed Energy Resources CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Reliability Technology Solutions Modeling of Customer Adoption of Distributed Energy Resources Prepared the consequences. #12;#12;Modeling of Customer Adoption of Distributed Energy Resources iii Table of Contents

  11. Assessment of Distributed Energy Adoption in Commercial Buildings:Part 1: An Analysis of Policy, Building Loads, Tariff Design, andTechnology Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Nishida, Masaru; Gao, Weijun; Marnay, Chris

    2005-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Rapidly growing electricity demand brings into question theability of traditional grids to expand correspondingly while providingreliable service. An alternative path is the wider application ofdistributed energy resource (DER) that apply combined heat and power(CHP). It can potentially shave peak loads and satiate its growing thirstfor electricity demand, improve overall energy efficiency, and lowercarbon and other pollutant emissions. This research investigates a methodof choosing economically optimal DER, expanding on prior studies at theBerkeley Lab using the DER design optimization program, the DistributedEnergy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds theoptimal combination of installed equipment from available DERtechnologies, given prevailing utility tariffs, site electrical andthermal loads, and a menu of available equipment. It provides a globaloptimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the site energy loads canbe served at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-sitegeneration, heat recovery, and cooling. Utility electricity and gastariffs are key factors determining the economic benefit of a CHPinstallation, however often be neglected. This paper describespreliminary analysis on CHP investment climate in the U.S. and Japan. DERtechnologies, energy prices, and incentive measures has beeninvestigated.

  12. 1 / 4 Tuesday, July 02, 2013 Version List for DER-CAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , heating, domestic hot water, and natural gas only only natural gas as energy carrier for combined heat, but with California Peak Day Pricing modeled http://der.lbl.gov/sites/ der.lbl.gov/files/LBNL- 6267E_0.pdf Web multi temperature heat storage (65C and 95C) multi-energy carrier for distributed energy resources

  13. Microturbine Economic Competitiveness: A Study of Two PotentialAdopters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

    2005-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This project evaluates what $/kW subsidy on microturbines (MT's) makes them economically competitive with natural gas internal combustion engines (ICE's). The Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM) is used to determine least cost solutions, including distributed generation (DG) investment and operation, to sites' energy demands. The first site considered is a hospital in New York City. The small hospital (90 beds) has a peak electric load (including cooling) of 1200 kW, with heat loads comparable to electric loads. Consolidated Edison electricity and natural gas tariffs for 2003 are used. A 60% minimum DG system efficiency is imposed on DG operation to avoid the standby tariff, which is less amenable to DG than the parent tariff. The second site considered is the Naval Base Ventura County commissary in Southern California. The commissary has 13,000 m{sup 2} of floor space and contains a large retail store, supermarket, food court, and other small businesses. The site peak electric load (including cooling) is 1050 kW. Electricity and natural gas supply are from direct access contracts, and delivery service is provided by Southern California Edison and Southern California Gas, respectively. 2003 supply and delivery rates are used.

  14. Effects of a carbon tax on microgrid combined heat and power adoption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Firestone, Ryan M.; Ghosh, Srijay; Stadler, Michael

    2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the economically optimal adoption and operation of distributed energy resources (DER) by a hypothetical California microgrid consisting of a group of commercial buildings over an historic test year, 1999. The optimization is conducted using a customer adoption model (DER-CAM) developed at Berkeley Lab and implemented in the General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS). A microgrid is a semiautonomous grouping of electricity and heat loads interconnected to the existing utility grid (macrogrid) but able to island from it. The microgrid minimizes the cost of meeting its energy requirements (consisting of both electricity and heat loads) by optimizing the installation and operation of DER technologies while purchasing residual energy from the local combined natural gas and electricity utility. The available DER technologies are small-scale generators (< 500 kW), such as reciprocating engines, microturbines, and fuel cells, with or without combined heat and power (CHP) equipment, such as water and space heating and/or absorption cooling. By introducing a tax on carbon emissions, it is shown that if the microgrid is allowed to install CHP-enabled DER technologies, its carbon emissions are mitigated more than without CHP, demonstrating the potential benefits of small-scale CHP technology for climate change mitigation. Reciprocating engines with heat recovery and/or absorption cooling tend to be attractive technologies for the mild southern California climate, but the carbon mitigation tends to be modest compared to purchasing utility electricity because of the predominance of relatively clean central station generation in California.

  15. Energy standards and model codes development, adoption, implementation, and enforcement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Conover, D.R.

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides an overview of the energy standards and model codes process for the voluntary sector within the United States. The report was prepared by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for the Building Energy Standards Program and is intended to be used as a primer or reference on this process. Building standards and model codes that address energy have been developed by organizations in the voluntary sector since the early 1970s. These standards and model codes provide minimum energy-efficient design and construction requirements for new buildings and, in some instances, existing buildings. The first step in the process is developing new or revising existing standards or codes. There are two overall differences between standards and codes. Energy standards are developed by a consensus process and are revised as needed. Model codes are revised on a regular annual cycle through a public hearing process. In addition to these overall differences, the specific steps in developing/revising energy standards differ from model codes. These energy standards or model codes are then available for adoption by states and local governments. Typically, energy standards are adopted by or adopted into model codes. Model codes are in turn adopted by states through either legislation or regulation. Enforcement is essential to the implementation of energy standards and model codes. Low-rise residential construction is generally evaluated for compliance at the local level, whereas state agencies tend to be more involved with other types of buildings. Low-rise residential buildings also may be more easily evaluated for compliance because the governing requirements tend to be less complex than for commercial buildings.

  16. Modeling of customer adoption of distributed energy resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Dispersed Energy Resources Deployment. Berkeley, LawrenceAdoption of Distributed Energy Resources Ozbek, A. 2001.Adoption of Distributed Energy Resources Figure 39. Figure

  17. Cloud computing adoption model for governments and large enterprises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trivedi, Hrishikesh

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cloud Computing has held organizations across the globe spell bound with its promise. As it moves from being a buzz word and hype into adoption, organizations are faced with question of how to best adopt cloud. Existing ...

  18. Effects of a carbon tax on combined heat and power adoption by a microgrid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marnay, Chris; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Firestone, Ryan M.; Ghosh, Srijay; Siddidqui, Afzal S.; Stadler, Michael

    2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the economically optimal adoption and operation of distributed energy resources (DER) by a hypothetical California microgrid ((mu)Grid) consisting of a group of commercial buildings over an historic test year, 1999. The optimization is conducted using a customer adoption model (DER-CAM) developed at Berkeley Lab and implemented in the General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS). A (mu)Grid is a semiautonomous grouping of electricity and heat loads interconnected to the existing utility grid (macrogrid) but able to island from it. The (mu)Grid minimizes the cost of meeting its energy requirements (consisting of both electricity and heat loads) by optimizing the installation and operation of DER technologies while purchasing residual energy from the local combined natural gas and electricity utility. The available DER technologies are small-scale generators (< 500 kW), such as reciprocating engines, microturbines, and fuel cells, with or without CHP equipment, such as water- and space-heating and/or absorption cooling. By introducing a tax on carbon emissions, it is shown that if the (mu)Grid is allowed to install CHP-enabled DER technologies, its carbon emissions are mitigated more than without CHP, demonstrating the potential benefits of small-scale CHP technology for climate change mitigation. Reciprocating engines with heat recovery and/or absorption cooling tend to be attractive technologies for the mild southern California climate, but the carbon mitigation tends to be modest compared to purchasing utility electricity because of the predominance of relatively clean generation in California.

  19. PHS ECT-CRADA Case Ref. No. _______ MODEL ADOPTED 2005 Page 1 of 28

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Chris I.

    PHS ECT-CRADA Case Ref. No. _______ MODEL ADOPTED 2005 Page 1 of 28 PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE on the model Cooperative Research and Development Agreement ("CRADA") adopted by the U.S. Public Health Service"). This Cover Page identifies the Parties to this CRADA: The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

  20. Networking technology adoption : system dynamics modeling of fiber-to-the-home

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelic, Andjelka, 1972-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A system dynamics model is developed and run to study the adoption of fiber-to-the-home as a residential broadband technology. Communities that currently do not have broadband in the United States are modeled. This case ...

  1. Modeling the Adoption of Innovations in the Presence of Geographic and Media Influences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toole, Jameson Lawrence

    While there is a large body of work examining the effects of social network structure on innovation adoption, models to date have lacked considerations of real geography or mass media. In this article, we show these features ...

  2. ECONOMIC MODELING OF THE GLOBAL ADOPTION OF CARBON CAPTURE AND SEQUESTRATION TECHNOLOGIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ECONOMIC MODELING OF THE GLOBAL ADOPTION OF CARBON CAPTURE AND SEQUESTRATION TECHNOLOGIES J. R. Mc of carbon capture and sequestration technologies as applied to electric generating plants. The MIT Emissions, is used to model carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) technologies based on a natural gas combined cycle

  3. BEHAVIOURAL REALISM IN A TECHNOLOGY EXPLICIT ENERGY-ECONOMY MODEL: THE ADOPTION OF INDUSTRIAL COGENERATION IN CANADA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COGENERATION IN CANADA by Nicholas J. Rivers B.Eng., Memorial University of Newfoundland, 2000 RESEARCH PROJECT: Behavioural realism in a technology explicit energy-economy model: The adoption of industrial cogeneration the results. The model showed that industrial cogeneration is a relatively unknown technology to many firms

  4. Distributed energy resources in practice: A case study analysis and validation of LBNL's customer adoption model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Owen; Creighton, Charles; Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Stadler, Michael

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lawrence Berkeley National Lab:LBNL-50023. March. Edwards,Lawrence Berkeley National Lab: LBNL-50132. January. Marnay,Adoption by a Microgrid, LBNL-51771. Presented at the Second

  5. Distributed energy resources customer adoption modeling with combined heat and power applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Firestone, Ryan M.; Ghosh, Srijay; Stadler, Michael; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Marnay, Chris

    2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this report, an economic model of customer adoption of distributed energy resources (DER) is developed. It covers progress on the DER project for the California Energy Commission (CEC) at Berkeley Lab during the period July 2001 through Dec 2002 in the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) Distributed Energy Resources Integration (DERI) project. CERTS has developed a specific paradigm of distributed energy deployment, the CERTS Microgrid (as described in Lasseter et al. 2002). The primary goal of CERTS distributed generation research is to solve the technical problems required to make the CERTS Microgrid a viable technology, and Berkeley Lab's contribution is to direct the technical research proceeding at CERTS partner sites towards the most productive engineering problems. The work reported herein is somewhat more widely applicable, so it will be described within the context of a generic microgrid (mGrid). Current work focuses on the implementation of combined heat and power (CHP) capability. A mGrid as generically defined for this work is a semiautonomous grouping of generating sources and end-use electrical loads and heat sinks that share heat and power. Equipment is clustered and operated for the benefit of its owners. Although it can function independently of the traditional power system, or macrogrid, the mGrid is usually interconnected and exchanges energy and possibly ancillary services with the macrogrid. In contrast to the traditional centralized paradigm, the design, implementation, operation, and expansion of the mGrid is meant to optimize the overall energy system requirements of participating customers rather than the objectives and requirements of the macrogrid.

  6. Distributed Energy Resources Market Diffusion Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maribu, Karl Magnus; Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal S.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    engines, microturbines, gas turbines, and fuel cells. Byreciprocating engines, gas turbines, and microturbines. Costin the DER-CAM analysis Gas Turbine Capacity (kW) Capital

  7. Application of the Software as a Service Model to the Control of Complex Building Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to lower building carbon footprint. The Distributed Energyenergy consumption, and carbon footprint. DER-CAM is used toenergy purchases and carbon footprint, future installations

  8. Assessment of Distributed Generation Potential in JapaneseBuildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida,Masaru

    2005-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    To meet growing energy demands, energy efficiency, renewable energy, and on-site generation coupled with effective utilization of exhaust heat will all be required. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems (or microgrids). This research investigates a method of choosing economically optimal DER, expanding on prior studies at the Berkeley Lab using the DER design optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds the optimal combination of installed equipment from available DER technologies, given prevailing utility tariffs, site electrical and thermal loads, and a menu of available equipment. It provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the site energy loads can be served at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, and cooling. Five prototype Japanese commercial buildings are examined and DER-CAM applied to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Based on the optimization results, energy and emission reductions are evaluated. Furthermore, a Japan-U.S. comparison study of policy, technology, and utility tariffs relevant to DER installation is presented. Significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbon emissions, and energy costs were seen in the DER-CAM results. Savings were most noticeable in the sports facility (a very favourable CHP site), followed by the hospital, hotel, and office building.

  9. Distributed generation capabilities of the national energy modeling system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LaCommare, Kristina Hamachi; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Marnay, Chris

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes Berkeley Lab's exploration of how the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) models distributed generation (DG) and presents possible approaches for improving how DG is modeled. The on-site electric generation capability has been available since the AEO2000 version of NEMS. Berkeley Lab has previously completed research on distributed energy resources (DER) adoption at individual sites and has developed a DER Customer Adoption Model called DER-CAM. Given interest in this area, Berkeley Lab set out to understand how NEMS models small-scale on-site generation to assess how adequately DG is treated in NEMS, and to propose improvements or alternatives. The goal is to determine how well NEMS models the factors influencing DG adoption and to consider alternatives to the current approach. Most small-scale DG adoption takes place in the residential and commercial modules of NEMS. Investment in DG ultimately offsets purchases of electricity, which also eliminates the losses associated with transmission and distribution (T&D). If the DG technology that is chosen is photovoltaics (PV), NEMS assumes renewable energy consumption replaces the energy input to electric generators. If the DG technology is fuel consuming, consumption of fuel in the electric utility sector is replaced by residential or commercial fuel consumption. The waste heat generated from thermal technologies can be used to offset the water heating and space heating energy uses, but there is no thermally activated cooling capability. This study consists of a review of model documentation and a paper by EIA staff, a series of sensitivity runs performed by Berkeley Lab that exercise selected DG parameters in the AEO2002 version of NEMS, and a scoping effort of possible enhancements and alternatives to NEMS current DG capabilities. In general, the treatment of DG in NEMS is rudimentary. The penetration of DG is determined by an economic cash-flow analysis that determines adoption based on the n umber of years to a positive cash flow. Some important technologies, e.g. thermally activated cooling, are absent, and ceilings on DG adoption are determined by some what arbitrary caps on the number of buildings that can adopt DG. These caps are particularly severe for existing buildings, where the maximum penetration for any one technology is 0.25 percent. On the other hand, competition among technologies is not fully considered, and this may result in double-counting for certain applications. A series of sensitivity runs show greater penetration with net metering enhancements and aggressive tax credits and a more limited response to lowered DG technology costs. Discussion of alternatives to the current code is presented in Section 4. Alternatives or improvements to how DG is modeled in NEMS cover three basic areas: expanding on the existing total market for DG both by changing existing parameters in NEMS and by adding new capabilities, such as for missing technologies; enhancing the cash flow analysis but incorporating aspects of DG economics that are not currently represented, e.g. complex tariffs; and using an external geographic information system (GIS) driven analysis that can better and more intuitively identify niche markets.

  10. Analysis and calibration of social factors in a consumer acceptance and adoption model for diffusion of diesel vehicle in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Qi, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While large scale diffusion of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) is widely anticipated, the mechanisms that determine their success or failure are ill understood. Analysis of an AFV transition model developed at MIT has ...

  11. Optimal Technology Selection and Operation of Microgrids inCommercial Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marnay, Chris; Venkataramanan, Giri; Stadler, Michael; Siddiqui,Afzal; Firestone, Ryan; Chandran, Bala

    2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The deployment of small (<1-2 MW) clusters of generators,heat and electrical storage, efficiency investments, and combined heatand power (CHP) applications (particularly involving heat activatedcooling) in commercial buildings promises significant benefits but posesmany technical and financial challenges, both in system choice and itsoperation; if successful, such systems may be precursors to widespreadmicrogrid deployment. The presented optimization approach to choosingsuch systems and their operating schedules uses Berkeley Lab'sDistributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model [DER-CAM], extendedto incorporate electrical storage options. DER-CAM chooses annual energybill minimizing systems in a fully technology-neutral manner. Anillustrative example for a San Francisco hotel is reported. The chosensystem includes two engines and an absorption chiller, providing anestimated 11 percent cost savings and 10 percent carbon emissionreductions, under idealized circumstances.

  12. Internship Guidelines Adopted 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selmic, Sandra

    Internship Guidelines Adopted 2001 Revised February 2004 Revised March 15, 2007 Page 1 of 5 INTERNSHIP GUIDELINES College of Business Louisiana Tech University The University supports an experiential an internship course(s) that students may apply as credit toward their academic degrees. The internship must

  13. Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stadler, Michael; Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal; Lai, Judy; Coffey, Brian; Aki, Hirohisa

    2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Berkeley Lab has for several years been developing methods for selection of optimal microgrid systems, especially for commercial building applications, and applying these methods in the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). This project began with 3 major goals: (1) to conduct detailed analysis to find the optimal equipment combination for microgrids at a few promising commercial building hosts in the two favorable markets of California and New York, (2) to extend the analysis capability of DER-CAM to include both heat and electricity storage, and (3) to make an initial effort towards adding consideration of power quality and reliability (PQR) to the capabilities of DER-CAM. All of these objectives have been pursued via analysis of the attractiveness of a Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) Microgrid consisting of multiple nameplate 100 kW Tecogen Premium Power Modules (CM-100). This unit consists of an asynchronous inverter-based variable speed internal combustion engine genset with combined heat and power (CHP) and power surge capability. The essence of CERTS Microgrid technology is that smarts added to the on-board power electronics of any microgrid device enables stable and safe islanded operation without the need for complex fast supervisory controls. This approach allows plug and play development of a microgrid that can potentially provide high PQR with a minimum of specialized site-specific engineering. A notable feature of the CM-100 is its time-limited surge rating of 125 kW, and DER-CAM capability to model this feature was also a necessary model enhancement.

  14. Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability:A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stadler, Michael; Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal; Lai, Judy; Coffey, Brian; Aki, Hirohisa

    2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In past work, Berkeley Lab has developed the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). Given end-use energy details for a facility, a description of its economic environment and a menu of available equipment, DER-CAM finds the optimal investment portfolio and its operating schedule which together minimize the cost of meeting site service, e.g., cooling, heating, requirements. Past studies have considered combined heat and power (CHP) technologies. Methods and software have been developed to solve this problem, finding optimal solutions which take simultaneity into account. This project aims to extend on those prior capabilities in two key dimensions. In this research storage technologies have been added as well as power quality and reliability (PQR) features that provide the ability to value the additional indirect reliability benefit derived from Consortium for Electricity Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) Microgrid capability. This project is intended to determine how attractive on-site generation becomes to a medium-sized commercial site if economical storage (both electrical and thermal), CHP opportunities, and PQR benefits are provided in addition to avoiding electricity purchases. On-site electrical storage, generators, and the ability to seamlessly connect and disconnect from utility service would provide the facility with ride-through capability for minor grid disturbances. Three building types in both California and New York are assumed to have a share of their sensitive electrical load separable. Providing enhanced service to this load fraction has an unknown value to the facility, which is estimated analytically. In summary, this project began with 3 major goals: (1) to conduct detailed analysis to find the optimal equipment combination for microgrids at a few promising commercial building hosts in the two favorable markets of California and New York; (2) to extend the analysis capability of DER-CAM to include both heat and electricity storage; and (3) to make an initial effort towards adding consideration of PQR into the capabilities of DER-CAM.

  15. Market Transformation: Fuel Cell Early Adoption (Presentation...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Transformation: Fuel Cell Early Adoption (Presentation) Market Transformation: Fuel Cell Early Adoption (Presentation) Presented at the DOE Fuel Cell Pre-Solicitation Workshop held...

  16. Mississippi Public Service Commission Adopts Energy Efficiency...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Mississippi Public Service Commission Adopts Energy Efficiency Rules Mississippi Public Service Commission Adopts Energy Efficiency Rules November 8, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis...

  17. Adopting Biophysics Methods in Pursuit of Biogeophysical Research: Advancing the measurement and modeling of electrical signatures of microbe-mineral transformations impacting contaminant transport

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prodan, Camelia [NJIT

    2013-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This exploratory project involved laboratory experiments to investigate three hypotheses: (H1) Physics-based modeling of low-frequency dispersions (henceforth referred to as alpha) measured in broadband dielectric spectroscopy (DS) data can quantify pore-scale geometric changes impacting contaminant transport resulting from biomineralization; (H2) Physics-based modeling of high-frequency dispersions (henceforth referred to as beta) measured in broadband dielectric spectroscopy data can quantify rates of mineral growth in/on the cell wall; (H3) Application of this measurement and modeling approach can enhance geophysical interpretation of bioremediation experiments conducted at the RIFLE IFC by providing constraints on bioremediation efficiency (biomass concentration, mineral uptake within the cell wall, biomineralization rate). We tested H1 by performing DS measurements (alpha and beta range) on iron (Fe) particles of dimensions similar to microbial cells, dispersed within agar gels over a range of Fe concentrations. We have tested the ability of the physics-based modeling to predict volume concentrations of the Fe particles by assuming that the Fe particles are polarizable inclusions within an otherwise nonpolarizable medium. We evaluated the smallest volume concentration that can be detected with the DS method. Similar experiments and modeling have been performed on the sulfate-reducing bacteria D. vulgaris. Synchrotron x-ray absorption measurements were conducted to determine the local structure of biominerals coatings on D. vulgaris which were grown in the presence of different Fe concentrations. We imaged the mineral growth on cell wall using SEM. We used dielectric spectroscopy to differentiate between iron sulfide precipitates of biotic and abiotic nature. Biotic measurements were made on D. vulgaris bacteria grown in the presence of different concentrations of iron to form different thicknesses of iron sulfide precipitates around themselves and abiotic measurements were made on different concentrations of pyrrhotite particles suspended in agar. Results show a decrease in dielectric permittivity as a function of frequency for biotic minerals and an opposite trend is observed for abiotic minerals. Our results suggest that dielectric spectroscopy offers a noninvasive and fast approach for distinguishing between abiotic and biotic mineral precipitates.

  18. FINAL REPORT: Adopting Biophysics Methods in Pursuit of Biogeophysical Research: Advancing the Measurement and Modeling of Electrical Signatures of Microbe-Mineral Transformations Impacting Contaminant Transport

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PRODAN, CAMELIA; SLATER, LEE; NTARLAGIANNIS, DIMITRIOS

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This exploratory project involved laboratory experiments to investigate three hypotheses: (H1) Physics-based modeling of low-frequency dispersions (henceforth referred to as alpha) measured in broadband dielectric spectroscopy (DS) data can quantify pore-scale geometric changes impacting contaminant transport resulting from biomineralization; (H2) Physics-based modeling of high-frequency dispersions (henceforth referred to as beta) measured in broadband dielectric spectroscopy data can quantify rates of mineral growth in/on the cell wall; (H3) Application of this measurement and modeling approach can enhance geophysical interpretation of bioremediation experiments conducted at the RIFLE IFC by providing constraints on bioremediation efficiency (biomass concentration, mineral uptake within the cell wall, biomineralization rate). We tested H1 by performing DS measurements (alpha and beta range) on iron (Fe) particles of dimensions similar to microbial cells, dispersed within agar gels over a range of Fe concentrations. We have tested the ability of the physics-based modeling to predict volume concentrations of the Fe particles by assuming that the Fe particles are polarizable inclusions within an otherwise nonpolarizable medium. We evaluated the smallest volume concentration that can be detected with the DS method. Similar experiments and modeling have been performed on the sulfate-reducing bacteria D. vulgaris. Synchrotron x-ray absorption measurements were conducted to determine the local structure of biominerals coatings on D. vulgaris which were grown in the presence of different Fe concentrations. We imaged the mineral growth on cell wall using SEM. We used dielectric spectroscopy to differentiate between iron sulfide precipitates of biotic and abiotic nature. Biotic measurements were made on D. vulgaris bacteria grown in the presence of different concentrations of iron to form different thicknesses of iron sulfide precipitates around themselves and abiotic measurements were made on different concentrations of pyrrhotite particles suspended in agar. Results show a decrease in dielectric permittivity as a function of frequency for biotic minerals and an opposite trend is observed for abiotic minerals. Our results suggest that dielectric spectroscopy offers a noninvasive and fast approach for distinguishing between abiotic and biotic mineral precipitates.

  19. Distributed Energy Resource Optimization Using a Software as Service (SaaS) Approach at the University of California, Davis Campus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael, Stadler; Marnay, Chris; Donadee, Jon; Lai, Judy; Mégel, Olivier; Bhattacharya, Prajesh; Siddiqui, Afzal

    2011-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Together with OSIsoft LLC as its private sector partner and matching sponsor, the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) won an FY09 Technology Commercialization Fund (TCF) grant from the U.S. Department of Energy. The goal of the project is to commercialize Berkeley Lab's optimizing program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM) using a software as a service (SaaS) model with OSIsoft as its first non-scientific user. OSIsoft could in turn provide optimization capability to its software clients. In this way, energy efficiency and/or carbon minimizing strategies could be made readily available to commercial and industrial facilities. Specialized versions of DER-CAM dedicated to solving OSIsoft's customer problems have been set up on a server at Berkeley Lab. The objective of DER-CAM is to minimize the cost of technology adoption and operation or carbon emissions, or combinations thereof. DER-CAM determines which technologies should be installed and operated based on specific site load, price information, and performance data for available equipment options. An established user of OSIsoft's PI software suite, the University of California, Davis (UCD), was selected as a demonstration site for this project. UCD's participation in the project is driven by its motivation to reduce its carbon emissions. The campus currently buys electricity economically through the Western Area Power Administration (WAPA). The campus does not therefore face compelling cost incentives to improve the efficiency of its operations, but is nonetheless motivated to lower the carbon footprint of its buildings. Berkeley Lab attempted to demonstrate a scenario wherein UCD is forced to purchase electricity on a standard time-of-use tariff from Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E), which is a concern to Facilities staff. Additionally, DER-CAM has been set up to consider the variability of carbon emissions throughout the day and seasons. Two distinct analyses of value to UCD are possible using this approach. First, optimal investment choices for buildings under the two alternative objectives can be derived. Second, a week-ahead building operations forecaster has been written that executes DER-CAM to find an optimal operating schedule for buildings given their expected building energy services requirements, electricity prices, and local weather. As part of its matching contribution, OSIsoft provided a full implementation of PI and a server to install it on at Berkeley Lab. Using the PItoPI protocol, this gives Berkeley Lab researchers direct access to UCD's PI data base. However, this arrangement is in itself inadequate for performing optimizations. Additional data not included in UCD's PI database would be needed and the campus was not able to provide this information. This report details the process, results, and lessons learned of this commercialization project.

  20. Distributed Generation with Heat Recovery and Storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan M.; Zhou, Nan

    2005-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Electricity generated by distributed energy resources (DER) located close to end-use loads has the potential to meet consumer requirements more efficiently than the existing centralized grid. Installation of DER allows consumers to circumvent the costs associated with transmission congestion and other non-energy costs of electricity delivery and potentially to take advantage of market opportunities to purchase energy when attractive. On-site thermal power generation is typically less efficient than central station generation, but by avoiding non-fuel costs of grid power and utilizing combined heat and power (CHP) applications, i.e., recovering heat from small-scale on-site generation to displace fuel purchases, then DER can become attractive to a strictly cost-minimizing consumer. In previous efforts, the decisions facing typical commercial consumers have been addressed using a mixed-integer linear programme, the DER Customer Adoption Model(DER-CAM). Given the site s energy loads, utility tariff structure, and information (both technical and financial) on candidate DER technologies, DER-CAM minimizes the overall energy cost for a test year by selecting the units to install and determining their hourly operating schedules. In this paper, the capabilities of DER-CAM are enhanced by the inclusion of the option to store recovered low-grade heat. By being able to keep an inventory of heat for use in subsequent periods, sites are able to lower costs even further by reducing off-peak generation and relying on storage. This and other effects of storages are demonstrated by analysis of five typical commercial buildings in San Francisco, California, and an estimate of the cost per unit capacity of heat storage is calculated.

  1. Distributed Generation with Heat Recovery and Storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan M.; Zhou, Nan

    2006-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Electricity produced by distributed energy resources (DER)located close to end-use loads has the potential to meet consumerrequirements more efficiently than the existing centralized grid.Installation of DER allows consumers to circumvent the costs associatedwith transmission congestion and other non-energy costs of electricitydelivery and potentially to take advantage of market opportunities topurchase energy when attractive. On-site, single-cycle thermal powergeneration is typically less efficient than central station generation,but by avoiding non-fuel costs of grid power and by utilizing combinedheat and power (CHP) applications, i.e., recovering heat from small-scaleon-site thermal generation to displace fuel purchases, DER can becomeattractive to a strictly cost-minimizing consumer. In previous efforts,the decisions facing typical commercial consumers have been addressedusing a mixed-integer linear program, the DER Customer Adoption Model(DER-CAM). Given the site s energy loads, utility tariff structure, andinformation (both technical and financial) on candidate DER technologies,DER-CAM minimizes the overall energy cost for a test year by selectingthe units to install and determining their hourly operating schedules. Inthis paper, the capabilities of DER-CAM are enhanced by the inclusion ofthe option to store recovered low-grade heat. By being able to keep aninventory of heat for use in subsequent periods, sites are able to lowercosts even further by reducing lucrative peak-shaving generation whilerelying on storage to meet heat loads. This and other effects of storageare demonstrated by analysis of five typical commercial buildings in SanFrancisco, California, USA, and an estimate of the cost per unit capacityof heat storage is calculated.

  2. Automotive Deployment Option Projection Tool (ADOPT) Model

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube platform is alwaysISOSource1-01 Audit LetterYear 2015Energyof

  3. adoption analysis cost-effectiveness: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    LBNL's customer adoption model University of California eScholarship Repository Summary: adsorption chiller, which has a lower coefficient (0.7) than absorptionadsorption chiller...

  4. adoption: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    evaluation - Analysis 12;Cloud HPC on simulation experiments through various initiatives. 12;Introduction Technology adoptance is in its early Bohanec, Marko 87...

  5. Biotechnology Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Midling, Michael B

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nigeria lacks Berkeley Undergraduate Journal: Volume 24, Issue 3 Biotechnology Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa Michael Baihua Midling regular energy,

  6. Applications of Optimal Building Energy System Selection and Operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marnay, Chris; Stadler, Michael; Siddiqui, Afzal; DeForest, Nicholas; Donadee, Jon; Bhattacharya, Prajesh; Lai, Judy

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Berkeley Lab has been developing the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM) for several years. Given load curves for energy services requirements in a building microgrid (u grid), fuel costs and other economic inputs, and a menu of available technologies, DER-CAM finds the optimum equipment fleet and its optimum operating schedule using a mixed integer linear programming approach. This capability is being applied using a software as a service (SaaS) model. Optimisation problems are set up on a Berkeley Lab server and clients can execute their jobs as needed, typically daily. The evolution of this approach is demonstrated by description of three ongoing projects. The first is a public access web site focused on solar photovoltaic generation and battery viability at large commercial and industrial customer sites. The second is a building CO2 emissions reduction operations problem for a University of California, Davis student dining hall for which potential investments are also considered. And the third, is both a battery selection problem and a rolling operating schedule problem for a large County Jail. Together these examples show that optimization of building u grid design and operation can be effectively achieved using SaaS.

  7. Plug-in Electric Vehicle Interactions with a Small Office Building: An Economic Analysis using DER-CAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Momber, Ilan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental Benefits of Electric Vehicles Integration onusing plug-in hybrid electric vehicle battery packs for gridwith Connection of Electric Vehicles TABLE IV D ECISION V

  8. Plug-in Electric Vehicle Interactions with a Small Office Building: An Economic Analysis using DER-CAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Momber, Ilan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    workdays. Index Terms-- battery storage, building managementvehicle battery packs for grid storage,” J. of Powerstorage but not to consume any net energy from the battery.

  9. Plug-in Electric Vehicle Interactions with a Small Office Building: An Economic Analysis using DER-CAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Momber, Ilan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    at minimum cost, carbon footprint, or other criteria.report a cost, carbon footprint, or combination minimizingenergy costs and/or carbon footprint while the connected PEV

  10. Plug-in Electric Vehicle Interactions with a Small Office Building: An Economic Analysis using DER-CAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Momber, Ilan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chris Marnay, and Vincent Battaglia Environmental EnergyM. Stadler, J. Lai, and V. Battaglia are with the ErnestMember, IEEE and Vincent Battaglia management system (EMS),

  11. A Green Prison: Santa Rita Jail Creeps Towards Zero Net Energy (ZNE)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marnay, Chris; DeForest, Nicholas; Stadler, Michael; Donadee, Jon; Dierckxsens, Carlos; Mendes, Goncalo; Lai, Judy; Cardoso, Goncalo Ferreira

    2011-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A large project is underway at Alameda County's twenty-year old 45 ha 4,000-inmate Santa Rita Jail, about 70 km east of San Francisco. Often described as a green prison, it has a considerable installed base of distributed energy resources including a seven-year old 1.2 MW PV array, a four-year old 1 MW fuel cell with heat recovery, and efficiency investments. A current US$14 M expansion will add approximately 2 MW of NaS batteries, and undetermined wind capacity and a concentrating solar thermal system. This ongoing effort by a progressive local government with considerable Federal and State support provides some excellent lessons for the struggle to lower building carbon footprint. The Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM) finds true optimal combinations of equipment and operating schedules for microgrids that minimize energy bills and/or carbon emissions without 2 of 12 significant searching or rules-of-thumb prioritization, such as"efficiency first then on-site generation." The results often recommend complex systems, and sensitivities show how policy changes will affect choices. This paper reports an analysis of the historic performance of the PV system and fuel cell, describes the complex optimization applied to the battery scheduling, and shows how results will affect the jail's operational costs, energy consumption, and carbon footprint. DER-CAM is used to assess the existing and proposed DER equipment in its ability to reduce tariff charges.

  12. Home Energy Displays: Consumer Adoption and Response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LaMarche, J.; Cheney, K.; Akers, C.; Roth, K.; Sachs, O.

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The focus of this project was to investigate the factors influencing consumer adoption of Home Energy Displays (HEDs) and to evaluate electricity consumption in households with basic HEDs versus enhanced feedback methods - web portals or alerts. We hypothesized that providing flexible and relatable information to users, in addition to a basic HED, would make feedback more effective and achieve persistent energy savings. In Phase I, we conducted three user research studies and found preferences for aesthetically pleasing, easy to understand feedback that is accessible through multiple media and offered free of charge. The deployment of HEDs in 150 households planned for Phase II encountered major recruitment and HED field deployment problems. First, after extensive outreach campaigns to apartment complexes with 760 units, only 8% of building's tenants elected to receive a free HED in their homes as part of the field study. Second, the HED used, a leading market model, had a spectrum of problems, including gateway miscommunications, failure to post to a data-hosting third party, and display malfunctions. In light of these challenges, we are pursuing a modified study investigating the energy savings of a web portal versus alert-based energy feedback instead of a physical HED.

  13. Technology adoption: who is likely to adopt and how does the timing affect the benefits?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubas, Debra Joyce

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    incorporating climate variability is used to simulate different scenarios when wheat producers in the U.S., Canada, and Australia adopt ENSO-based forecasts for use in production decisions. Adoption timing and levels are varied across countries in the different...

  14. The Cloud Adoption Toolkit: Supporting Cloud Adoption Decisions in the Enterprise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sommerville, Ian

    1 The Cloud Adoption Toolkit: Supporting Cloud Adoption Decisions in the Enterprise Ali Khajeh-Hosseini, David Greenwood, James W. Smith, Ian Sommerville Cloud Computing Co-laboratory, School of Computer Science University of St Andrews, UK {akh, dsg22, jws7, ifs}@cs.st-andrews.ac.uk Abstract Cloud computing

  15. Early Adopter PDC AtEarly Adopter PDC At Washington and LeeWashington and Lee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stough, Joshua

    Early Adopter ­ PDC AtEarly Adopter ­ PDC At Washington and LeeWashington and Lee Four-year Liberal with and manipulation of collections of stuff.manipulation of collections of stuff. · PDC applications: sorting, recursive treePDC applications: sorting, recursive tree structures, image processing,...structures, image

  16. ADOPTED VERSION 1 STATE OF MONTANA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    construction and operational standards that are cost-effective and: 1. Exceed the International Energy Conservation Code most recently adopted by the department of labor and industry by 20% or to the extent energy sources and local renewable energy sources; 4. Protect and conserve the natural resources

  17. Technology Adoption and Commercialization Program (New Brunswick, Canada)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Technology Adoption and Commercialization Program (TAC) is intended to encourage the adoption of improved technologies and processes by offsetting some of the direct costs associated with...

  18. assistance measures adopted: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    9 Adoption of energy-efficiency measures in SMEs An empirical analysis based on energy audit data Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: Adoption of...

  19. Regulatory Considerations Associated with the Expanded Adoption of Distributed Solar

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bird, L.; McLaren, J.; Heeter, J.; Linvill, C.; Shenot, J.; Sedano, R.; Migden-Ostrander, J.

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Increased adoption of distributed PV, and other forms of distributed generation, have the potential to affect utility-customer interactions, system costs recovery, and utility revenue streams. If a greater number of electricity customers choose to self-generate, demand for system power will decrease and utility fixed costs will have to be recovered over fewer kilowatt hours of sales. As such, regulators will need to determine the value and cost of additional distributed PV and determine the appropriate allocation of the costs and benefits among consumers. The potential for new business models to emerge also has implications for regulation and rate structures that ensure equitable solutions for all electricity grid users. This report examines regulatory tools and rate designs for addressing emerging issues with the expanded adoption of distributed PV and evaluates the potential effectiveness and viability of these options going forward. It offers the groundwork needed in order for regulators to explore mechanisms and ensure that utilities can collect sufficient revenues to provide reliable electric service, cover fixed costs, and balance cost equity among ratepayers -- while creating a value proposition for customers to adopt distributed PV.

  20. 2010 Texas Jurisdiction Energy Code Adoption Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    populations greater than 25,000. The results for Energy Code Adoption are as follows: City Code Year Abilene 2000 Addison 2006 Allen 2006 Amarillo 2006 Angleton None Arlington 2009 Austin 2009 Baytown 2006 Beaumont 2009 Bedford 2000 Big Spring... 2006 Borger 2000 Brownsville 2006 Bryan 2003 Burleson 2006 Carrollton 2006 Cedar Hill 2006 Cedar Park 2009 Cleburne 2003 College Station 2009 Conroe 2000 Coppell 2006 Copperas Cove 2000 Corpus Christi 2003 Corsicana 2009 Dallas 2006...

  1. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tracking adopters and their consumption over time would shed additional light on the dynamics of solar

  2. Optimal Combination of Distributed Energy System in an Eco-Campusof Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Yongwen; Gao, Weijun; Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris

    2006-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, referring to the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM) which was developed by the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), E-GAMS programmer is developed with a research of database of energy tariffs, DER (Distributed Energy Resources) technology cost and performance characteristics, and building energy consumption in Japan. E-GAMS is a tool designed to find the optimal combination of installed equipment and an idealized operating schedule to minimize a site's energy bills. In this research, by using E-GAMS, we present a tool to select the optimal combination of distributed energy system for an Ecological-Campus, Kitakyushu, Science and Research Park (KSRP). We discuss the effects of the combination of distributed energy technologies on the energy saving, economic efficiency and environmental benefits.

  3. For Early Adopters | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2: FinalOffers3.pdf0-45.pdf Flash2010-45.pdfFlash2011-43andPropertyFor Early Adopters For

  4. Microgrid Reliability Modeling and Battery Scheduling Using Stochastic Linear Programming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cardoso, Goncalo; Stadler, Michael; Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris; DeForest, Nicholas; Barbosa-Povoa, Ana; Ferrao, Paulo

    2013-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the introduction of stochastic linear programming into Operations DER-CAM, a tool used to obtain optimal operating schedules for a given microgrid under local economic and environmental conditions. This application follows previous work on optimal scheduling of a lithium-iron-phosphate battery given the output uncertainty of a 1 MW molten carbonate fuel cell. Both are in the Santa Rita Jail microgrid, located in Dublin, California. This fuel cell has proven unreliable, partially justifying the consideration of storage options. Several stochastic DER-CAM runs are executed to compare different scenarios to values obtained by a deterministic approach. Results indicate that using a stochastic approach provides a conservative yet more lucrative battery schedule. Lower expected energy bills result, given fuel cell outages, in potential savings exceeding 6percent.

  5. adopting g4 dna: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    children from foster care to adoptive families. unknown authors 25 Adoption of New Technology CiteSeer Summary: The contribution of new technology to economic growth can only be...

  6. adoptive immunotherapy trials: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    children from foster care to adoptive families. unknown authors 19 Adoption of New Technology CiteSeer Summary: The contribution of new technology to economic growth can only be...

  7. adoptive cellular immunotherapy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    children from foster care to adoptive families. unknown authors 20 Adoption of New Technology CiteSeer Summary: The contribution of new technology to economic growth can only be...

  8. adoptively transferred natural: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    children from foster care to adoptive families. unknown authors 30 Adoption of New Technology CiteSeer Summary: The contribution of new technology to economic growth can only be...

  9. adoptive immunotherapy requirement: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    children from foster care to adoptive families. unknown authors 20 Adoption of New Technology CiteSeer Summary: The contribution of new technology to economic growth can only be...

  10. adoption office reproducing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    children from foster care to adoptive families. unknown authors 24 Adoption of New Technology CiteSeer Summary: The contribution of new technology to economic growth can only be...

  11. Alaska Gateway School District Adopts Combined Heat and Power...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Alaska Gateway School District Adopts Combined Heat and Power Alaska Gateway School District Adopts Combined Heat and Power May 7, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis In Tok, Alaska, the...

  12. 1.800.ASK.DTFA www.DaveThomasFoundationForAdoption.org Dave Thomas Foundation for Adoption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Michelle

    as victims of child abuse, neglect or abandonment. More than 129,000 children in foster care are available Care Adoption Awareness FACT SHEET THE CAUSE: November is National Adoption Awareness Month. It has in America's foster care system who are available for adoption and wait for permanent families. THE NEED

  13. A Total Cost of Ownership Model for Low Temperature PEM Fuel Cells in Combined Heat and Power and Backup Power Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    University of California, Berkeley; Wei, Max; Lipman, Timothy; Mayyas, Ahmad; Chien, Joshua; Chan, Shuk Han; Gosselin, David; Breunig, Hanna; Stadler, Michael; McKone, Thomas; Beattie, Paul; Chong, Patricia; Colella, Whitney; James, Brian

    2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A total cost of ownership model is described for low temperature proton exchange membrane stationary fuel cell systems for combined heat and power (CHP) applications from 1-250kW and backup power applications from 1-50kW. System designs and functional specifications for these two applications were developed across the range of system power levels. Bottom-up cost estimates were made for balance of plant costs, and detailed direct cost estimates for key fuel cell stack components were derived using design-for-manufacturing-and-assembly techniques. The development of high throughput, automated processes achieving high yield are projected to reduce the cost for fuel cell stacks to the $300/kW level at an annual production volume of 100 MW. Several promising combinations of building types and geographical location in the U.S. were identified for installation of fuel cell CHP systems based on the LBNL modelling tool DER CAM. Life-cycle modelling and externality assessment were done for hotels and hospitals. Reduced electricity demand charges, heating credits and carbon credits can reduce the effective cost of electricity ($/kWhe) by 26-44percent in locations such as Minneapolis, where high carbon intensity electricity from the grid is displaces by a fuel cell system operating on reformate fuel. This project extends the scope of existing cost studies to include externalities and ancillary financial benefits and thus provides a more comprehensive picture of fuel cell system benefits, consistent with a policy and incentive environment that increasingly values these ancillary benefits. The project provides a critical, new modelling capacity and should aid a broad range of policy makers in assessing the integrated costs and benefits of fuel cell systems versus other distributed generation technologies.

  14. Optimal selection of on-site generation with combined heat andpower applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris; Bailey, Owen; HamachiLaCommare, Kristina

    2004-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    While demand for electricity continues to grow, expansion of the traditional electricity supply system, or macrogrid, is constrained and is unlikely to keep pace with the growing thirst western economies have for electricity. Furthermore, no compelling case has been made that perpetual improvement in the overall power quality and reliability (PQR)delivered is technically possible or economically desirable. An alternative path to providing high PQR for sensitive loads would generate close to them in microgrids, such as the Consortium for Electricity Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) Microgrid. Distributed generation would alleviate the pressure for endless improvement in macrogrid PQR and might allow the establishment of a sounder economically based level of universal grid service. Energy conversion from available fuels to electricity close to loads can also provide combined heat and power (CHP) opportunities that can significantly improve the economics of small-scale on-site power generation, especially in hot climates when the waste heat serves absorption cycle cooling equipment that displaces expensive on-peak electricity. An optimization model, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM), developed at Berkeley Lab identifies the energy bill minimizing combination of on-site generation and heat recovery equipment for sites, given their electricity and heat requirements, the tariffs they face, and a menu of available equipment. DER-CAM is used to conduct a systemic energy analysis of a southern California naval base building and demonstrates atypical current economic on-site power opportunity. Results achieve cost reductions of about 15 percent with DER, depending on the tariff.Furthermore, almost all of the energy is provided on-site, indicating that modest cost savings can be achieved when the microgrid is free to select distributed generation and heat recovery equipment in order to minimize its over all costs.

  15. CSEM WP 128 Technology Adoption and Regulatory Regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    " of the electricity industry in the U.S. has led to a stronger incentive for firms to adopt large capacity, heavy

  16. Top Management Involvement in the Adoption of Energy Efficiency Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blass, Vered; Corbett, Charles J.; Delmas, Magali A; Muthulingam, Suresh

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Adoption: The Case of Energy- Efficiency Audits. Resource695. Expert Group on Energy Efficiency. 2007. Realizing theDiscount Rates and Energy Efficiency. Contemporary Economic

  17. activities resolution adopted: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    authors 10 Learning Heuristics 1 Exploring learning heuristics for adopting new technology to assist with activities Engineering Websites Summary: the qualitative researcher...

  18. adopts multiple active: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Vaughan 8 Learning Heuristics 1 Exploring learning heuristics for adopting new technology to assist with activities Engineering Websites Summary: the qualitative researcher...

  19. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Process in the Adoption of Solar Energy Systems." Journal ofthe diffusion of innovation: Solar energy technology in Sri2010. Washington, DC, Solar Energy Industries Association:

  20. Adopting LED Technology: What Federal Facility Managers Need to Know

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document describes the presentation slides for the "Adopting LED Technology: What Federal Facility Managers Need to Know" webinar that took place on September 11, 2014.

  1. Economic and Environmental Impacts of Adoption of Genetically Modified Rice in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bond, Craig A.; Carter, C A; Farzin, Y. Hossein

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Economic and Environmental Impacts of Adoption ofgrowers. Economic and Environmental Impacts of Adoption of43–50. Economic and Environmental Impacts of Adoption of

  2. Modeling of customer adoption of distributed energy resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    generators, and 1 75-kW microturbine 2 500-kW natural gasgenerators, and 1 75-kW microturbine 4 250-kW PEM fuel cellsgenerator, and 3 75-kW microturbine microturbines 3 75-kW

  3. Analytical Modeling Linking the FASTSim and ADOPT Software Tools

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

  4. Project Profile: An Emergent Model of Technology Adoption for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of solar diffusion within the socio-behavioral-technical framework for redesigning the solar strategies of electric utility companies to achieve maximum impact. Motivation The...

  5. Project Profile: An Emergent Model of Technology Adoption for Accelerating

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMay 2015 < prev next >PresentationsNow LEADER Web

  6. Predictors of the likelihood of adoption among U.S. women by race and ethnicity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klucsarits, Christine Elizabeth

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis utilizes a series of seven logistic regression models to examine the predictors of the likelihood of adoption among U.S. women based on the National Survey of Family Growth, Cycle 6. The individual characteristics that have been found...

  7. www.electricitypolicy.org.uk Agent Based Simulation of Technology Adoption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    to the emergence of clustering in the adoption of technology. Our model findings are discussed in the light electricity generation technologies based on combined heat and power systems as well as solar panels, whose Hamilton/ W J Nuttall: Judge Business Schoo rumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1AG, UK l, University

  8. ADOPT-A-SCHOOL MENTOR PROGRAM Committee on Community Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ADOPT-A-SCHOOL MENTOR PROGRAM Committee on Community Service February 2009 1 Office of the Alumni Association http://alumni.princeton.edu/ GENERAL MENTORING GUIDELINES Interested in getting an "adopt-a-school" or mentoring program started with your regional or class alumni association? Here is general advice for alumni

  9. The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (English Version)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Industry, Japan MT microturbine NEGA Japan Engine GeneratorGE), gas turbine (GT), microturbine (MT), fuel cell (FC),Fuel Cell Gas Turbine Microturbine Natual Gas Reciprocating

  10. The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (English Version)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CAM Analysis of Policy, Tariff Design, Building Energy Use,14 3.3 Comparison of Utility Tariffs in Japan and the14 Table 4: Electricity Tariffs at Several Facilities in the

  11. The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (English Version)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    performance of the P15-07 micro gas turbine and determinedTest Results of a Micro Gas Turbine, The Japan Society of

  12. Potential Job Creation in Rhode Island as a Result of Adopting New Residential Building Energy Codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, Michael J.; Niemeyer, Jackie M.

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Are there advantages to states that adopt the most recent model building energy codes other than saving energy? For example, can the construction activity and energy savings associated with code-compliant housing units become significant sources of job creation for states if new building energy codes are adopted to cover residential construction? , The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to research and ascertain whether jobs would be created in individual states based on their adoption of model building energy codes. Each state in the country is dealing with high levels of unemployment, so job creation has become a top priority. Many programs have been created to combat unemployment with various degrees of failure and success. At the same time, many states still have not yet adopted the most current versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) model building energy code, when doing so could be a very effective tool in creating jobs to assist states in recovering from this economic downturn.

  13. Potential Job Creation in Minnesota as a Result of Adopting New Residential Building Energy Codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, Michael J.; Niemeyer, Jackie M.

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Are there advantages to states that adopt the most recent model building energy codes other than saving energy? For example, can the construction activity and energy savings associated with code-compliant housing units become significant sources of job creation for states if new building energy codes are adopted to cover residential construction? , The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to research and ascertain whether jobs would be created in individual states based on their adoption of model building energy codes. Each state in the country is dealing with high levels of unemployment, so job creation has become a top priority. Many programs have been created to combat unemployment with various degrees of failure and success. At the same time, many states still have not yet adopted the most current versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) model building energy code, when doing so could be a very effective tool in creating jobs to assist states in recovering from this economic downturn.

  14. Potential Job Creation in Tennessee as a Result of Adopting New Residential Building Energy Codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, Michael J.; Niemeyer, Jackie M.

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Are there advantages to states that adopt the most recent model building energy codes other than saving energy? For example, can the construction activity and energy savings associated with code-compliant housing units become significant sources of job creation for states if new building energy codes are adopted to cover residential construction? , The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to research and ascertain whether jobs would be created in individual states based on their adoption of model building energy codes. Each state in the country is dealing with high levels of unemployment, so job creation has become a top priority. Many programs have been created to combat unemployment with various degrees of failure and success. At the same time, many states still have not yet adopted the most current versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) model building energy code, when doing so could be a very effective tool in creating jobs to assist states in recovering from this economic downturn.

  15. Potential Job Creation in Nevada as a Result of Adopting New Residential Building Energy Codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, Michael J.; Niemeyer, Jackie M.

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Are there advantages to states that adopt the most recent model building energy codes other than saving energy? For example, can the construction activity and energy savings associated with code-compliant housing units become significant sources of job creation for states if new building energy codes are adopted to cover residential construction? , The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to research and ascertain whether jobs would be created in individual states based on their adoption of model building energy codes. Each state in the country is dealing with high levels of unemployment, so job creation has become a top priority. Many programs have been created to combat unemployment with various degrees of failure and success. At the same time, many states still have not yet adopted the most current versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) model building energy code, when doing so could be a very effective tool in creating jobs to assist states in recovering from this economic downturn.

  16. Energy prices and the adoption of energy-saving technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linn, Joshua

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper investigates the link between factor prices, technology and factor demands. I estimate the effect of price-induced technology adoption on energy demand in the U.S. manufacturing sector, using plant data from the ...

  17. INTER-ORGANIZATIONAL INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION IN THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Qinglin

    INTER-ORGANIZATIONAL INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION IN THE BUSINESS View (RBV) empirical research by isolating organizational resources and capabilities that impact successful firm performance in the context of Inter-organizational Information and Communication Technology

  18. Textbook Adoption Application Guide Entering the Application ..................................................................................... 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sura, Philip

    allows you to search for your assigned course(s) by: Term, Location, Academic Department, Course NumberTextbook Adoption Application Guide Entering the Application ............................................................................................................ 3 Search with Academic Criteria

  19. Electronic Discovery and the Adoption of Information Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tucker, Catherine Elizabeth

    After firms adopt electronic information and communication technologies, their decision-making leaves a trail of electronic information that may be more extensive and accessible than a paper trail. We ask how the expected ...

  20. Taxes, Permits, and the Adoption of Abatement Technology under...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    under tradable emissions permits (TEPs)- in contrast to taxes-decreases with the rate of technology adoption. However, in terms of welfare, the ranking of the instruments is not...

  1. Factors determining the adoption or non-adoption of precision agriculture by producers across the cotton belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lavergne, Christopher Bernard

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to determine factors influencing cotton producer adoption of Precision Agriculture in the cotton belt according to members of the American Cotton Producers of the National Cotton Council. The National Research Council...

  2. Factors determining the adoption or non-adoption of precision agriculture by producers across the cotton belt 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lavergne, Christopher Bernard

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to determine factors influencing cotton producer adoption of Precision Agriculture in the cotton belt according to members of the American Cotton Producers of the National Cotton Council. The ...

  3. Analysis of Potential Benefits and Costs of Adopting a Commercial Building Energy Standard in South Dakota

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Belzer, David B.; Cort, Katherine A.; Winiarski, David W.; Richman, Eric E.

    2005-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The state of South Dakota is considering adopting a commercial building energy standard. This report evaluates the potential costs and benefits to South Dakota residents from requiring compliance with the most recent edition of the ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA 90.1-2001 Energy Standard for Buildings except Low-Rise Residential Buildings. These standards were developed in an effort to set minimum requirements for the energy efficient design and construction of new commercial buildings. The quantitative benefits and costs of adopting a commercial building energy code are modeled by comparing the characteristics of assumed current building practices with the most recent edition of the ASHRAE Standard, 90.1-2001. Both qualitative and quantitative benefits and costs are assessed in this analysis. Energy and economic impacts are estimated using results from a detailed building simulation tool (Building Loads Analysis and System Thermodynamics [BLAST] model) combined with a Life-Cycle Cost (LCC) approach to assess corresponding economic costs and benefits.

  4. Microgrids: An emerging paradigm for meeting building electricity and heat requirements efficiently and with appropriate energy quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    electrically powered compressor cooling, direct fire oror direct engine powered compressor cooling. DER-CAM solves

  5. Performance assessment and adoption processes of an information monitoring and diagnostic system prototype

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piette, Mary Ann

    1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report addresses the problem that buildings do not perform as well as anticipated during design. We partnered with an innovative building operator to evaluate a prototype Information Monitoring and Diagnostic System (IMDS). The IMDS consists of high-quality measurements archived each minute, a data visualization tool, and a web-based capability. The operators recommend similar technology be adopted in other buildings. The IMDS has been used to identify and correct a series of control problems. It has also allowed the operators to make more effective use of the building control system, freeing up time to take care of other tenant needs. They believe they have significantly improved building comfort, potentially improving tenant health, and productivity. The reduction in hours to operate the building are worth about $20,000 per year, which could pay for the IMDS in about five years. A control system retrofit based on findings from the IMDS is expected to reduce energy use by 20 percent over the next year, worth over $30,000 per year. The main conclusion of the model-based chiller fault detection work is that steady-state models can be used as reference models to monitor chiller operation and detect faults. The ability of the IMDS to measure cooling load and chiller power to one-percent accuracy with a one-minute sampling interval permits detection of additional faults. Evolutionary programming techniques were also evaluated, showing promise in the detection of patterns in building data. We also evaluated two technology adoption processes, radical and routine. In routine adoption, managers enhance features of existing products that are already well understood. In radical adoption, innovative building managers introduce novel technology into their organizations without using the rigorous payback criteria used in routine innovations.

  6. Hurdling Barriers Through Market Uncertainty: Case Studies in Innovative Technology Adoption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hurdling Barriers Through Market Uncertainty: Case Studies in Innovative Technology Adoption technologies. This paper examines three case studies of innovative technology adoption: retrofit of time these circumstances as "innovative technology adoption." This paper presents case studies of three innovative

  7. Why Do States Adopt Renewable Portfolio Standards?: An Empirical Investigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyon, Thomas P.

    131 Why Do States Adopt Renewable Portfolio Standards?: An Empirical Investigation Thomas P. Lyon* and Haitao Yin** Renewable portfolio standards (RPSs) for electricity generation are politically popularU.S.stategovernments of Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPSs) as a policy tool for promoting renewable electricity generation. An RPS

  8. RESOLUTION NO. 2011-82 ADOPTING MODESTO IRRIGATION DISTRICT'S RENEWABLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RESOLUTION NO. 2011-82 ADOPTING MODESTO IRRIGATION DISTRICT'S RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES Standard (RPS) in an effort to meet 20 percent ofits retail energy sales with renewable resources by 2017 for consideration by the Board of Directors, attached hereto as Attachment A, Renewable Energy Resources Enforcement

  9. Siemens Global Studio Project: Experiences Adopting an Integrated GSD Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herbsleb, James D.

    Siemens Global Studio Project: Experiences Adopting an Integrated GSD Infrastructure Mullick, N., Bass, M., El Houda, Z., and Paulish, D.J. Siemens Corporate Research, Inc Princeton, NJ Neel.Mullick, Matthew.Bass, Daniel.Paulish @Siemens.com Cataldo, M. and Herbsleb, J.D. Institute for Software Research

  10. Grid Applications: From Early Adopters to Mainstream Users

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kielmann, Thilo

    Grid Applications: From Early Adopters to Mainstream Users Thilo Kielmann (guest editor) Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands April 24, 2006 Grid computing has gained widespread attention, both in academic and commercial settings. As a result, the development of grid middleware infras- tructure has made

  11. Fueling Innovation and Adoption by Sharing Data on the DOE Geothermal...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fueling Innovation and Adoption by Sharing Data on the DOE Geothermal Data Repository Fueling Innovation and Adoption by Sharing Data on the DOE Geothermal Data Repository...

  12. Single Cells Spreading on a Protein Lattice Adopt an Energy Minimizing Shape Benoit Vianay,1,* Jos Kafer,2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Single Cells Spreading on a Protein Lattice Adopt an Energy Minimizing Shape Benoit Vianay,1,* Jos diagram obtained numerically suggest that the observed shapes correspond to metastable states in an energy landscape. Our results justify in fine the purely mechanical approach used in alternative models [17

  13. EIS-0210: Tampa Electric Company-Polk Power Station (Adopted)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency prepared this statement to fulfill its National Environmental Policy Act requirements with respect to the potential issuance of a permit to the Tampa Electric Company under the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System for the 1,150-MW Polk Power Station, a new pollutant source. The U.S. Department of Energy served as a cooperating agency in the development of this document due to its potential role to provide cost-shared financial assistance for a 260-MW Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle unit at the Power Station under its Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Project, and adopted the document by August 1994.

  14. Nevada - Adopted Regulation R038-11 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: EnergyEnergyPPCR) Jump to:Netherlands:Density,- Adopted

  15. WORKING PAPER N 2008 -06 Trade, technology adoption and wage inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    . Keywords: Firm heterogeneity, trade reforms, technology adoption, skill premium, plant panel data. JELWORKING PAPER N° 2008 - 06 Trade, technology adoption and wage inequalities: theory and evidence Maria Bas JEL Codes: F10, F12, F41 Keywords: firm heterogeneity, trade reforms, technology adoption

  16. UMASS ADOPT-A-BASS PROGRAM Find out how I spend my

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    UMASS ADOPT-A-BASS PROGRAM Find out how I spend my summers... Adopt me! The striped bass, an important recreational and commercial fish along the Atlantic Coast, winters in the mid-Atlantic and migrates to New England to feed each spring. ACT NOW Send a check for $330 made out to "UMASS Adopt-A-Bass

  17. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Power Purchase Agreement Physical-Technical-Economic Model Public Utilities Regulatory Policy Act Photovoltaic Renewable

  18. Adopt a Book Thank you for your kind offer to Adopt a Book at the University of Stirling.Your gift will be used to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Tony

    Adopt a Book Thank you for your kind offer to Adopt a Book at the University of Stirling.Your gift my cheque/Charities Aid Voucher for £30.00 payable to `University of Stirling' I wish to make my different from above): Bookplates To recognise your gift, Stirling will put a dedicate bookplate into a book

  19. Analysis of electric vehicle interconnection with commercial building microgrids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stadler, Michael; Mendes, Goncalo; Marnay, Chris; M& #233; gel, Olivier; Lai, Judy

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The outline of this presentation is: (1) global concept of microgrid and electric vehicle (EV) modeling; (2) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM); (3) presentation summary - how does the number of EVs connected to the building change with different optimization goals (cost versus CO{sub 2}); (3) ongoing EV modeling for California: the California commercial end-use survey (CEUS) database, objective: 138 different typical building - EV connections and benefits; (4) detailed analysis for healthcare facility: optimal EV connection at a healthcare facility in southern California; and (5) conclusions. Conclusions are: (1) EV Charging/discharging pattern mainly depends on the objective of the building (cost versus CO{sub 2}); (2) performed optimization runs show that stationary batteries are more attractive than mobile storage when putting more focus on CO{sub 2} emissions. Why? Stationary storage is available 24 hours a day for energy management - more effective; (3) stationary storage will be charged by PV, mobile only marginally; (4) results will depend on the considered region and tariff - final work will show the results for 138 different buildings in nine different climate zones and three major utility service territories.

  20. adopted experimental programs: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Jonathan Robinson 2003-01-01 28 Computational Modeling and the Experimental Plasma Research Program A White Paper Submitted to the FESAC Subcommittee Plasma Physics and...

  1. DEVELOPMENT IMPACT FEE ADOPTION AND ITS EFFECTS IN TEXAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ambs, Jonathan G.

    2010-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    as the dependent variable and the second model looked at the total impact fee assed on new residential units as the dependent variable. Both models used the gross tax rate, debt per capita, change in city population as a percentage, city population, average price...

  2. Thermal Energy Storage for Electricity Peak-demand Mitigation: A Solution in Developing and Developed World Alike

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeForest, Nicholas; Mendes, Goncalo; Stadler, Michael; Feng, Wei; Lai, Judy; Marnay, Chris

    2013-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    In much of the developed world, air-conditioning in buildings is the dominant driver of summer peak electricity demand. In the developing world a steadily increasing utilization of air-conditioning places additional strain on already-congested grids. This common thread represents a large and growing threat to the reliable delivery of electricity around the world, requiring capital-intensive expansion of capacity and draining available investment resources. Thermal energy storage (TES), in the form of ice or chilled water, may be one of the few technologies currently capable of mitigating this problem cost effectively and at scale. The installation of TES capacity allows a building to meet its on-peak air conditioning load without interruption using electricity purchased off-peak and operating with improved thermodynamic efficiency. In this way, TES has the potential to fundamentally alter consumption dynamics and reduce impacts of air conditioning. This investigation presents a simulation study of a large office building in four distinct geographical contexts: Miami, Lisbon, Shanghai, and Mumbai. The optimization tool DER-CAM (Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model) is applied to optimally size TES systems for each location. Summer load profiles are investigated to assess the effectiveness and consistency in reducing peak electricity demand. Additionally, annual energy requirements are used to determine system cost feasibility, payback periods and customer savings under local utility tariffs.

  3. Distributed Energy Resources at Naval Base Ventura County Building1512: A Sensitivity Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, Owen C.; Marnay, Chris

    2005-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is the second of a two-part study by BerkeleyLab of a DER (distributed energy resources) system at Navy Base VenturaCounty (NBVC). First, a preliminary assessment ofthe cost effectivenessof distributed energy resources at Naval Base Ventura County (NBVC)Building 1512 was conducted in response to the base s request for designassistance to the Federal Energy Management Program (Bailey and Marnay,2004). That report contains a detailed description of the site and theDER-CAM (Consumer Adoption Model) parameters used. This second reportcontains sensitivity analyses of key parameters in the DER system modelof Building 1512 at NBVC and additionally considers the potential forabsorption-powered refrigeration.The prior analysis found that under thecurrent tariffs, and given assumptions about the performance andstructure of building energy loads and available generating technologycharacteristics, installing a 600 kW DER system with absorption coolingand recovery heat capabilities could deliver cost savings of about 14percent, worth $55,000 per year. However, under current conditions, thisstudy also suggested that significant savings could be obtained ifBuilding 1512 changed from its current direct access contract to a SCETOU-8 (Southern California Edison time of use tariff number 8) ratewithout installing a DER system. Evaluated on this tariff, the potentialsavings from installation of a DER system would be about 4 percent of thetotal bill, or $16,000 per year.

  4. Organizational and Faculty Determinants Associated with Health Information Technology Adoption in DNP Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Yaoqi

    Organizational and Faculty Determinants Associated with Health Information Technology Adoption Development Collaborative; 3) the faculty and organizational determinants that lead to actions characteristic

  5. Economic and Environmental Impacts of Adoption of Genetically Modified Rice in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bond, Craig A.; Carter, C A; Farzin, Y. Hossein

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Global Acceptance of GM Crop Tech- nology? Ithaca NY:environmental advantages of GM crops over more conventionalwidespread adoption of GM crops such as herbicide-tolerant (

  6. Application for Locally Adopted Energy Standards by the City of Pacifica in Accordance With

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Application for Locally Adopted Energy Standards by the City of Pacifica in Accordance With Section;Application for Pacifica Locally Adopted Energy Standards, 12/29/10 Page 1 Executive Summary The Pacifica City concerning public health and safety in the San Francisco Bay Area. A reduction of total and peak energy use

  7. Electricity Markets: Should the Rest of the World Adopt the UK Reforms?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    PWP-069 Electricity Markets: Should the Rest of the World Adopt the UK Reforms? Catherine D;1 Electricity Markets: Should the Rest of the World Adopt the UK Reforms?1 By Catherine D. Wolfram2 Britain was one of the first countries to liberalize its electricity industry when it restructured and privatized

  8. THE ADOPTION OF STATE ELECTRICITY REGULATION: THE ROLE OF INTEREST GROUPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rothman, Daniel

    THE ADOPTION OF STATE ELECTRICITY REGULATION: THE ROLE OF INTEREST GROUPSÃ Christopher R. Knittelw This paper examines the adoption of state electricity regulation around the beginning of the 20th century. I residential electricity penetration rates. These results suggest that state regulation responded to regulatory

  9. CITY OF GRIDLEY ADOPTION OF THE CITY OF GRIDLEY RENEWABLE ENERGY PROCUREMENT AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    establishes minimum quantities of renewable energy resources that load serving entities must procureCITY OF GRIDLEY ADOPTION OF THE CITY OF GRIDLEY RENEWABLE ENERGY PROCUREMENT AND ENFORCEMENT will consider the adoption of the City of Gridley Electric Renewable Portfolio Standard Procurement

  10. RESOLUTION NO. 13-125 APPROVING AND ADOPTING A RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES PROCUREMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RESOLUTION NO. 13-125 APPROVING AND ADOPTING A RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES PROCUREMENT PLAN regulations require the adoption of a Renewable Energy Resources Procurement Plan that complies with the CEC Hercules Municipal Utility Renewable Energy Resources Procurement Plan, to comply with the CEC's October 1

  11. Driving Smart Growth: Electric Vehicle Adoption and OffPeak Electricity Rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holsinger, Kent

    Driving Smart Growth: Electric Vehicle Adoption and OffPeak Electricity Rates Peter Driving Smart Growth: Electric Vehicle Adoption Page 2 Executive Summary Reducing our dependence to electric vehicles (EVs)1 is core to reducing reliance on fossil fuels and driving smart growth

  12. Adoption of energy-efficiency measures in SMEs An empirical analysis based on energy audit data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Adoption of energy-efficiency measures in SMEs ­ An empirical analysis based on energy audit data;Abstract This paper empiricallyinvestigates the factors driving the adoption of energy-efficiency measures on barriers to energy efficiency in SMEs. More specifically, high investment costs, which are captured

  13. Measuring Sustainability and Adoption Trends of Open Source Web Browsers Olga Baysal and Michael W. Godfrey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Godfrey, Michael W.

    Measuring Sustainability and Adoption Trends of Open Source Web Browsers Olga Baysal and Michael W with development information, such as the release history, to assess the sustainability of a software project-to-date versions than more mature users. Keywords-Release history, user adoption, web usage mining, software

  14. eBirding: Technology Adoption and the Transformation of Leisure into Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowston, Kevin

    to discuss how technology adoption in a citizen science project influences participation and thereby. Keywords: citizen science, eBird, technology adoption, cy- berinfrastructure, birding. 1. INTRODUCTION Public participation in scientific research can take many forms, including citizen science, a type

  15. ELECTRIC DRIVE BY `25: How California Can Catalyze Mass Adoption of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    , introducing a range of cars and trucks that can "plug in" to the grid for electricity to power the engineELECTRIC DRIVE BY `25: How California Can Catalyze Mass Adoption of Electric Vehicles by 2025@law.berkeley.edu. #12;1UCLA Law \\ Berkeley Law ELECTRIC DRIVE BY `25: How California Can Catalyze Mass Adoption

  16. AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF SHELLFISH PRODUCTION ASSOCIATED WITH THE ADOPTION OF INTEGRATED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    operations adopt IMTA widely, it could result in a significant increase in the production of extractive aquaculture production from IMTA adoption by finfish monoculture operations in British Columbia (BC), Canada and the production quantity per farm. Results of a consumer intercept survey reveal that consumers of BC oysters

  17. Post-Adoption Contact Reform: Compounding the State-Ordered Termination of Parenthood?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sloan, Brian

    2014-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    ”) and the available empirical evidence on post-adoption contact. Finally, the article conducts a “human rights audit”3 of the post-adoption contact reforms. It argues that the Children and Families Act further jeopardises English Law’s compatibility with both... ; Energy Bill (H.L. Paper 29/H.C. 452, 2013), at [23]-[33]. 29 Adoption and Children Act 2002, s. 1(5). 30 Explanatory Notes to the Children and Families Act 2014, at [56]. 31 Ibid., at [57]. 32 Children and Families Act 2014, s. 4. See, generally...

  18. An Analysis of Statewide Adoption Rates of Building Energy Code by Local Jurisdictions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cort, Katherine A.; Butner, Ryan S.

    2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study is to generally inform the U.S. Department of Energy’s Building Energy Codes Program of the local, effective energy code adoption rate for a sample set of 21 states, some which have adopted statewide codes and some that have not. Information related to the residential energy code adoption process and status at the local jurisdiction was examined for each of the states. Energy code status information was gathered for approximately 2,800 jurisdictions, which effectively covered approximately 80 percent of the new residential building construction in the 21 states included in the study.

  19. Customer adoption of small-scale on-site power generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris; Hamachi, Kristina S.; Rubio, F. Javier

    2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The electricity supply system is undergoing major regulatory and technological change with significant implications for the way in which the sector will operate (including its patterns of carbon emissions) and for the policies required to ensure socially and environmentally desirable outcomes. One such change stems from the rapid emergence of viable small-scale (i.e., smaller than 500 kW) generators that are potentially competitive with grid delivered electricity, especially in combined heat and power configurations. Such distributed energy resources (DER) may be grouped together with loads in microgrids. These clusters could operate semi-autonomously from the established power system, or macrogrid, matching power quality and reliability more closely to local end-use requirements. In order to establish a capability for analyzing the effect that microgrids may have on typical commercial customers, such as office buildings, restaurants, shopping malls, and grocery stores, an economic mod el of DER adoption is being developed at Berkeley Lab. This model endeavors to indicate the optimal quantity and type of small on-site generation technologies that customers could employ given their electricity requirements. For various regulatory schemes and general economic conditions, this analysis produces a simple operating schedule for any installed generators. Early results suggest that many commercial customers can benefit economically from on-site generation, even without considering potential combined heat and power and reliability benefits, even though they are unlikely to disconnect from the established power system.

  20. Supplier Relations and Adoption of New Technology: Results of Survey Research in the Auto Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helper, Susan

    2002-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Using an original data source, this paper investigates the circumstances under which fmns adopt computer numerical control (cNC), an important type of flexible automation which can significantly increase production

  1. Factors affecting the adoption of recommended agricultural practices by three different types of farmers in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garza-Falcon, Gilberto Severino

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    information and recommended farming practices adopted. A coefficient of linear correlation was used to test the hypotheses (6). To gain acceptance by farmers, the investigator became identified with the College of Agriculture of the Instituto Tecnologico y...

  2. The global landscape of gender quotas on corporate boards : contexts for adoption and opposition in 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Jacqueline, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There has been an acceleration in the adoption of gender quotas on boards since Norway pioneered legislation in 2003. Countries that have made parallel reforms have primarily been in the western European bloc, while other ...

  3. Profit potential and risk associated with the adoption of alternative feeding practices on Northeast Texas dairies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reyes Gomez Llata, Alberto Alan

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PROFIT POTENTIAL AND RISK ASSOCIATED WITH THE ADOPTION OF ALTERNATIVE FEEDING PRACTICES ON NORTHEAST TEXAS DAIRIES A Thesis by ALBERTO ALAN REYES GOMEZ LLATA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1980 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics PROFIT POTENTIAL AND RISK ASSOCIATED WITH THE ADOPTION OF ALTERNATIVE FEEDING PRACTICES ON NORTHEAST TEXAS DAIRIES A Thesis by ALBERTO ALAN REYES GOMEZ...

  4. Distributed energy resources in practice: A case study analysis and validation of LBNL's customer adoption model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Owen; Creighton, Charles; Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Stadler, Michael

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    60 kW Invest, actual microturbine with electric rates abs.that has installed a microturbine with CHP for desiccant44 Table 24: Capstone Microturbine Capital and Operating

  5. Distributed energy resources customer adoption modeling with combined heat and power applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Firestone, Ryan M.; Ghosh, Srijay; Stadler, Michael; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Marnay, Chris

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Capstone 28kW Microturbine Varying Load and Ambientcapabilities BOW: Bowman microturbine DE: diesel engine GA:MTL: Capstone low-pressure microturbine MTH: Capstone high-

  6. Distributed energy resources in practice: A case study analysis and validation of LBNL's customer adoption model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Owen; Creighton, Charles; Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Stadler, Michael

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to handle directly time of use tariffs where there are notrate tariff schedules, time of use (TOU) tariff schedules,Tariff Schedule 2. Were you under constant rate schedule or Time of Use?

  7. A Model of the Impact of Corporate Culture on Information Technology Adoption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is used to speed communications between trading partners, shorten product life cycle, establish better of adequately trained information technology staff, expense of IOS development (Vlosky 2000a, Juslin and Hansen system of a company, and that its excellence determines a company's competitiveness. Companies using

  8. Distributed energy resources in practice: A case study analysis and validation of LBNL's customer adoption model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Owen; Creighton, Charles; Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Stadler, Michael

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    International Paper, off grid PC Richards (Long Island3 x 3.4 MW gas turbines off grid 300 kW or 450 kW natural

  9. Distributed energy resources in practice: A case study analysis and validation of LBNL's customer adoption model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Owen; Creighton, Charles; Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Stadler, Michael

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Resources in Practice Source of Financial Estimates Project Cost Grants Received Annual Benefit (without capital

  10. Distributed energy resources customer adoption modeling with combined heat and power applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Firestone, Ryan M.; Ghosh, Srijay; Stadler, Michael; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Marnay, Chris

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Alex Farrell of the Energy and Resources Group, UniversityMicrogrid Distributed Energy Resource Potential Using DER-of Distributed Energy Resources: The CERTS MicroGrid

  11. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Unified Modeling, Simulation, and Market Implications: FASTSim and ADOPT

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by National Renewable Energy Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about unified...

  12. Distributed energy resources customer adoption modeling with combined heat and power applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Firestone, Ryan M.; Ghosh, Srijay; Stadler, Michael; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Marnay, Chris

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tariff Install with CHP investment costs (k$)*** ElectricityInstall no CHP FC Only Subsidy investment costs (k$)***Tariff No-CHP Tariff Do Nothing K$ Investment Costs Annual

  13. Distributed energy resources in practice: A case study analysis and validation of LBNL's customer adoption model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Owen; Creighton, Charles; Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Stadler, Michael

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    w/ CHP (all at grant-reduced cost) 5: Forced investment inw/ CHP (all at grant- reduced cost) 5: Forced investment inCHP and absorption cooling is also cost effective, but savings are only $1000 per year Scenario 2 (unlimited investment) has annual cost

  14. Distributed energy resources in practice: A case study analysis and validation of LBNL's customer adoption model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Owen; Creighton, Charles; Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Stadler, Michael

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is used to displace compressor cooling. However, in order toless energy than a compressor cooling system. There is no

  15. Distributed energy resources in practice: A case study analysis and validation of LBNL's customer adoption model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Owen; Creighton, Charles; Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Stadler, Michael

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    biogas system converted 130 kW engine 60 kW Capstone microturbine, CHP for space heating &biogas system converted 130 kW engine 60 kW Capstone microturbine, CHP for space heating &biogas system converted 130 kW engine 60 kW Capstone microturbine, CHP for space heating &

  16. Transportation Energy Futures Series: Non-Cost Barriers to Consumer Adoption of New Light-Duty Vehicle Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephens, T.

    2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Consumer preferences are key to the adoption of new vehicle technologies. Barriers to consumer adoption include price and other obstacles, such as limited driving range and charging infrastructure; unfamiliarity with the technology and uncertainty about direct benefits; limited makes and models with the technology; reputation or perception of the technology; standardization issues; and regulations. For each of these non-cost barriers, this report estimates an effective cost and summarizes underlying influences on consumer preferences, approximate magnitude and relative severity, and assesses potential actions, based on a comprehensive literature review. While the report concludes that non-cost barriers are significant, effective cost and potential market share are very uncertain. Policies and programs including opportunities for drivers to test drive advanced vehicles, general public outreach and information programs, incentives for providing charging and fueling infrastructure, and development of technology standards were examined for their ability to address barriers, but little quantitative data exists on the effectiveness of these measures. This is one in a series of reports produced as a result of the Transportation Energy Futures project, a Department of Energy-sponsored multi-agency effort to pinpoint underexplored strategies for reducing GHGs and petroleum dependence related to transportation.

  17. Status of state and local adoption of energy standards for new commercial buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boulin, J.J. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States); Conover, D.R. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a summary of building energy standards adoption by state and major local governments and how the standards apply to new commercial buildings. Numerous public and private sector agencies and organizations develop energy standards and codes for commercial buildings. These documents serve, among others, state and local legislators and regulators who are interested in requiring their use to reduce the energy consumption of new commercial buildings. Through adoption or adaptation of these documents by state or local governments, minimum acceptable design and construction criteria for new commercial buildings are established in law. The energy standard or code adopted, or used as a basis for a state developed standard, may be any one of a number of documents. The authority of the state to regulate construction may apply throughout the entire state, only to a few types of buildings, or may be absent, in which case local government has regulatory authority. The means of adoption may be by legislation, regulation, municipal code, or other legal vehicle. At the present time there are widespread differences in the energy standards adopted by state and local government and the application of these standards to new commercial buildings.

  18. Statewide Savings Projections from the Adoption of Commercial Building Energy Codes in Illinois

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cort, Katherine A.; Belzer, David B.

    2002-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-1999 Energy Standard for Buildings except Low-Rise Residential Buildings was developed in an effort to set minimum requirements for the energy efficient design and construction of new commercial buildings. A number of jurisdictions in the state of Illinois are considering adopting ASHRAE 90.1-1999 as their commercial building energy code. This report builds on the results of a previous study, "Analysis of Potential Benefits and Costs of Adopting ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999 as a Commercial Building Energy Code in Illinois Jurisdictions," to estimate the total potential impact of adopting ASHRAE 90.1-1999 as a statewide commercial building code in terms of Life-Cycle Cost (LCC) savings, total primary energy savings, and pollution emissions reductions.

  19. Accelerating the Adoption of Second-Tier Reach Standards forApplicable Appliance Products in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Jiang; Fridley, David

    2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The minimum energy efficiency standards program for household appliances in China was initiated in 1989. Since 1996, CLASP and its implementing partner, LBNL, have assisted China in developing 11 minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) for 9 products and endorsement labels for 11 products including: refrigerators; air conditioners; clothes washers; televisions; printers; computers; monitors; fax machines; copiers; DVD/VCD players; external power supplies; and set-top boxes (under development). Before 2003, China's traditional approach to standards development involved small increases in efficiency requirements for implementation within 6 months of a standard's approval. Since 2003, China has adopted a new approach in setting MEPS. This new approach involves the development of two tiers of standards--one for initial implementation and a second tier at a more aggressive level of energy efficiency for implementation three to five years later. The second-tier standard is also referred to as a 'reach standard'. Reach standards have now been developed in China for: color TVs; refrigerators; air conditioners; and external power supplies. This report is presented in five sections. After the introduction in Section 1, Section 2 analyzes the distribution of the efficiency of refrigerators and air-conditioners in China based on data collected by the China Energy Label Center for the mandatory energy information label program. The results provide an assessment of the adoption of reach standards for these two products. Section 3 summarizes on-going collaborations with Shanghai related to early local adoption of reach standards, and presents both the impact and an analysis of barriers to the local adoption of reach standard for air-conditioners. Section 4 offers suggestions for local governments on how to move forward in adopting reach standards in their localities and concludes with a summary of the results and a plan for developing local capacity in order to achieve success in adopting reach standards.

  20. Building America's Low-e Storm Window Adoption Program Plan (FY2014)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cort, Katherine A.

    2013-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Low emissivity (low-e) storm windows/panels appear to hold promise for effectively reducing existing home heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) consumption. Due to the affordability of low-e storm windows and the large numbers of existing homes that have low-performing single-pane or double-pane clear windows, a tremendous opportunity exists to provide energy savings by transforming the low-e storm window market and increasing market adoption. This report outlines U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building America’s planned market transformation activities in support of low-e storm window adoption during fiscal year (FY) 2014.

  1. Regional Analysis of Building Distributed Energy Costs and CO2 Abatement: A U.S. - China Comparison

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mendes, Goncalo; Feng, Wei; Stadler, Michael; Steinbach, Jan; Lai, Judy; Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Ding, Yan; Zhao, Jing; Tian, Zhe; Zhu, Neng

    2014-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The following paper conducts a regional analysis of the U.S. and Chinese buildings? potential for adopting Distributed Energy Resources (DER). The expected economics of DER in 2020-2025 is modeled for a commercial and a multi-family residential building in different climate zones. The optimal building energy economic performance is calculated using the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER CAM) which minimizes building energy costs for a typical reference year of operation. Several DER such as combined heat and power (CHP) units, photovoltaics, and battery storage are considered. The results indicate DER have economic and environmental competitiveness potential, especially for commercial buildings in hot and cold climates of both countries. In the U.S., the average expected energy cost savings in commercial buildings from DER CAM?s suggested investments is 17percent, while in Chinese buildings is 12percent. The electricity tariffs structure and prices along with the cost of natural gas, represent important factors in determining adoption of DER, more so than climate. High energy pricing spark spreads lead to increased economic attractiveness of DER. The average emissions reduction in commercial buildings is 19percent in the U.S. as a result of significant investments in PV, whereas in China, it is 20percent and driven by investments in CHP. Keywords: Building Modeling and Simulation, Distributed Energy Resources (DER), Energy Efficiency, Combined Heat and Power (CHP), CO2 emissions 1. Introduction The transition from a centralized and fossil-based energy paradigm towards the decentralization of energy supply and distribution has been a major subject of research over the past two decades. Various concerns have brought the traditional model into question; namely its environmental footprint, its structural inflexibility and inefficiency, and more recently, its inability to maintain acceptable reliability of supply. Under such a troubled setting, distributed energy resources (DER) comprising of small, modular, electrical renewable or fossil-based electricity generation units placed at or near the point of energy consumption, has gained much attention as a viable alternative or addition to the current energy system. In 2010, China consumed about 30percent of its primary energy in the buildings sector, leading the country to pay great attention to DER development and its applications in buildings. During the 11th Five Year Plan (FYP), China has implemented 371 renewable energy building demonstration projects, and 210 photovoltaics (PV) building integration projects. At the end of the 12th FYP, China is targeting renewable energy to provide 10percent of total building energy, and to save 30 metric tons of CO2 equivalents (mtce) of energy with building integrated renewables. China is also planning to implement one thousand natural gas-based distributed cogeneration demonstration projects with energy utilization rates over 70percent in the 12th FYP. All these policy targets require significant DER systems development for building applications. China?s fast urbanization makes building energy efficiency a crucial economic issue; however, only limited studies have been done that examine how to design and select suitable building energy technologies in its different regions. In the U.S., buildings consumed 40percent of the total primary energy in 2010 [1] and it is estimated that about 14 billion m2 of floor space of the existing building stock will be remodeled over the next 30 years. Most building?s renovation work has been on building envelope, lighting and HVAC systems. Although interest has emerged, less attention is being paid to DER for buildings. This context has created opportunities for research, development and progressive deployment of DER, due to its potential to combine the production of power and heat (CHP) near the point of consumption and delivering multiple benefits to customers, such as cost

  2. Adopting iterative development: the perceived business Caryna Pinheiro, Frank Maurer, Jonathan Sillito

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sillito, Jonathan

    processes that have been successfully implemented by others, to reduce the risk of failure [1]. The company under study is a large Oil & Gas government agency that lacked the initial management support to adopt an iterative development approach as well as the degree of formality and traceability desired by the top

  3. Organizational Barriers to Technology Adoption: Evidence from Soccer-Ball Producers in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    Organizational Barriers to Technology Adoption: Evidence from Soccer-Ball Producers in Pakistan of soccer-ball producers in Sialkot, Pakistan. Our research team invented a new cutting technology Hamid, who first suggested we study the soccer ball sector in Sialkot, Pakistan. All errors are ours

  4. Application for Locally Adopted Energy Standards by the City of San Rafael in Accordance With

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) ADDING CHAPTER 12.46 CONSTRUCTION AND DEMOLITION DEBRIS; 6) DELETING SECTION 14.16.365 (GREEN BUILDING Review), Program CON-18c (Use of Alternative Building Materials), Policy CON-21 (Waste Reduction for the San Rafael Green Building Ordinance The San Rafael Council adopted their Green Building Ordinance

  5. with Tufts Center for Animals and Public Policy present 2014 NORTHEAST WILD HORSE ADOPTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    with Tufts Center for Animals and Public Policy present 2014 NORTHEAST WILD HORSE ADOPTION Management Wild Horses Friday, March 28 7:00PM­ 9:00PM Viewing of "Wild Horse, Wild Ride" and Discussion of Extreme Mustang Makeover (free and open to the public in Varis Lecture Hall) -Kris and Nik Kokal, Horse

  6. Adopted Version 1 Georgia Tech's "BuzzPort" Portal Usage Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    Adopted Version 1 Georgia Tech's "BuzzPort" Portal Usage Policy v. 7.1 1.0 PURPOSE This Policy are highly valued and sensitive Institute resources. This Policy establishes an acceptable usage framework.0 SCOPE This Policy applies to all authorized BuzzPort usage from any location at all times

  7. Application for Locally Adopted Energy Standards by the City of Cupertino

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adopted Energy Standards 1 Table of Contents Green Building Ordinance Summary page 2 Cost before the full California Energy Commission for approval. The Cupertino City Council approved a Green-alone energy ordinance? Green Building Ordinance that references third- party standards that include energy

  8. Barriers to the adoption of renewable and energy-efficient technologies in the Vietnamese power sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Barriers to the adoption of renewable and energy-efficient technologies in the Vietnamese power; renewables; energy efficient technologies. *Corresponding author: nhan@centre-cired.fr. Tel: +33 01 43 94 73 Développement, CNRS, France. b Institute of Energy, Vietnam. c The Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden d Asian

  9. Energy-saving technology adoption under uncertainty in the residential sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Energy-saving technology adoption under uncertainty in the residential sector Dorothée Charlier in the energy-saving technology, to save or to consume energy goods and non-energy goods. Resolution to be a highly effective means for households to lower expenditures on energy. In this sense, home renova- tion

  10. ETSU College of Pharmacy Personal Appearance Standards Adopted by Executive Committee September 15, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karsai, Istvan

    ETSU College of Pharmacy Personal Appearance Standards Adopted by Executive Committee September 15, 2006 In order to prepare pharmacy students to enter the profession, the ETSU College of Pharmacy setting (all experiential settings), students are required to wear an approved white lab jacket with ETSU

  11. CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE ADOPTION OF AGRICULTURE IN NORTH-WEST EUROPE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE ADOPTION OF AGRICULTURE IN NORTH-WEST EUROPE Clive Bonsall Department was triggered by a significant change in climate. This finding may also have implications for understanding: agriculture, climate change, Mesolithic, Neolithic, north-west Europe INTRODUCTION Farming was established

  12. Pathways to Adoption of Carbon Capture and Sequestration in India: Technologies and Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pathways to Adoption of Carbon Capture and Sequestration in India: Technologies and Policies, Technology and Policy Program #12;2 #12;Pathways to Carbon Capture and Sequestration in India: Technologies to control India's emissions will have to be a global priority. Carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) can

  13. Adopted by Accounting Services, University Budgets, Office of Development Designated Fund 23 and 24 Transfer Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Doncker, Elise

    . For designated dollars in fund 23 or gifts in fund 24 received by the University for a specific purpose or giftsAdopted by Accounting Services, University Budgets, Office of Development 11/29/2010 Designated Fund 23 and 24 Transfer Policy: Funds with no Limitations, Stipulations, or Donor Restrictions

  14. ADOPTION AND APPROPRIATION: TOWARDS A NEW THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK AN EXPLORATORY RESEARCH ON MOBILE TECHNOLOGIES IN FRENCH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    FRAMEWORK AN EXPLORATORY STUDY ON MOBILE TECHNOLOGIES IN FRENCH COMPANIES 1 INTRODUCTION The technological individuals use mobile technologies on a daily basis though companies have been slower to adopt them (Worthen, 2002). At the same time, however, mobile technologies can be used by individuals for their own

  15. Job Title Licensed Professional Counselor Foster Care & Adoption Home-Based Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azevedo, Ricardo

    compassionately provides quality, continuity, and a continuum of care approach to treatment. These integrated providers firmly believe that mental health and substance abuse treatment is most effective and outcomeJob Title Licensed Professional Counselor Foster Care & Adoption Home-Based Services Employer

  16. Assessment of Impacts from Adopting the 2006 International Energy Conservation Code for Residential Buildings in Wyoming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.

    2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The state of Wyoming currently does not have a statewide building energy efficiency code for residential buildings. The U.S. Department of Energy has requested Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to estimate the energy savings, economic impacts, and pollution reduction from adopting the 2006 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC). This report addresses the impacts for low-rise residential buildings only.

  17. Attributes and Barriers that Influence the Adoption and Diffusion of a Learning Management System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Darrell Scott

    2014-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    ....................................................................... 45 Fear of Change and New Technology ................................... 46 Migration Process .................................................................. 46 System Complexity and Usability ......................................... 47... the barrier of system cost and determine if differences exist between the user groups that could influence LMS adoption. 9. Describe the barrier of fear of change and new technology and determine if differences exist between the user groups that could...

  18. A Framework to Evaluate the Adoption Potential of Interactive Performance Systems for Popular Music

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gold, Nicolas

    ) is not yet mature, or in a suitable form for adoption and use by musicians who are not experienced to encompass a range of genres (categories such as blues, rock, or country [3]) and styles (musical features, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. · mostly

  19. Residential Energy-Efficient Technology Adoption, Energy Conservation, Knowledge, and Attitudes: An Analysis of European Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Residential Energy-Efficient Technology Adoption, Energy Conservation, Knowledge, and Attitudes: An Analysis of European Countries Bradford Millsa * and Joachim Schleicha,b,c a Virginia Polytechnic Institute of measures of household energy use behavior are estimated using a unique dataset of approximately 5

  20. EVOLUTION OF THE HOUSEHOLD VEHICLE FLEET: ANTICIPATING FLEET COMPOSITION, PHEV ADOPTION AND GHG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    EVOLUTION OF THE HOUSEHOLD VEHICLE FLEET: ANTICIPATING FLEET COMPOSITION, PHEV ADOPTION AND GHG evolution, vehicle ownership, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), climate change policy, stated preference, opinion survey, microsimulation ABSTRACT In todays world of volatile fuel prices and climate

  1. Trends in Texas youth livestock exhibition and County Extension agent perceptions and adoption of quality counts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coufal, Dustin Wayne

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    TRENDS IN TEXAS YOUTH LIVESTOCK EXHIBITION AND COUNTY EXTENSION AGENT PERCEPTIONS AND ADOPTION OF QUALITY COUNTS A Thesis by DUSTIN WAYNE COUFAL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... COUNTS A Thesis by DUSTIN WAYNE COUFAL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Chair of Committee, Chris...

  2. Single Cells Spreading on a Protein Lattice Adopt an Energy Minimizing Shape Benoit Vianay,1 Jos Kfer,2, Emmanuelle Planus,3 Marc Block,3 Franois Graner,2,4 and Herv Guillou1,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Single Cells Spreading on a Protein Lattice Adopt an Energy Minimizing Shape Benoit Vianay,1 Jos suggest that the observed shapes correspond to metastable states in an energy landscape. Our results justify in fine the purely mechanical approach used in alternative models [17­19]. Each pattern is made

  3. Adoption, implementation and enforcement of commercial building energy codes in New Mexico and Arizona

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Callaway, J W; Thurman, A G; Shankle, D L

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) is considering ways to encourage states to adopt energy efficiency standards for residential and commercial buildings in the private sector. Such standards are now mandatory for federal buildings, and for private buildings in 34 states; in the remaining 16 states, the standards serve as guidelines for voluntary compliance. In this study for DOE, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) assessed the process by which energy codes for commercial buildings were adopted and implemented in Arizona and New Mexico. Information was gathered primarily through a series of interviews with state officials, city building officials, architects and engineers, builders, and staff from utilities in the two states. Until other state processes are studied, the extent of the similarities and dissimilarities to the situation in New Mexico and Arizona are unknown. A more extensive study may show that at least some elements of the two state's experience have been paralleled in other parts of the country. General strategies to encourage the adoption of energy codes, assist implementation, and support enforcement were developed based on the research from Arizona and New Mexico and are presented in this report. 6 refs., 4 figs.

  4. The Dynamics of Agricultural Biotechnology Adoption: Lessons from rBST use in Wisconsin, 1994-2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foltz, Jeremy D.

    The Dynamics of Agricultural Biotechnology Adoption: Lessons from rBST use in Wisconsin, 1994 to examine the dynamics of rBST adoption and in the process to identify the characteristics that distinguish as a dynamic process (Griliches; Mansfield) because of the learning, coordination, and investment issues

  5. ADOPT-A-CELL PROGRAM Help support the success of the CalSol solar team by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mofrad, Mohammad R. K.

    . $20: Solar Encapsulation High-tech solar lamination improves solar energy collection and increasesADOPT-A-CELL PROGRAM Help support the success of the CalSol solar team by adopting a small part the durability of solar cells. The money will go towards laminating one single solar cell. $50: Solar Cell Solar

  6. Adoption of Streamlined BCR Process for Post Award Actions | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobatBetter BuildingsEnergy Adoption

  7. How can environmental regulations promote clean coal technology adoption in APEC developing economies?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The study examines both existing and emerging regulatory frameworks in order to determine which type of regulations that would be most effective at promoting clean coal technology adoption in development Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation (APEC) economies and would be practical to implement. regulations targeting air emissions; regulations targeting water use; and regulations concerning coal combustion by-products. When considering the potential effect of existing and new environmental regulations on the adoption of clean coal the analysis of technologies was organised into three categories: environmental control technologies; high efficiency coal combustion technologies; and carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS). To target the recommendations towards APEC economies that would benefit the most from this analysis, the study focused on developing and transition APEC economies that are expected to rely on coal for a large part of their future generating capacity. These economies include China, Indonesia, the Philippines, the Russian Federation, Thailand, and Vietnam. ACARP provided funding to this study, under Project C15078. 10 figs., 14 tabs., 10 apps.

  8. Examining the adoption, usage and outcomes of mobile money services: the case of M-PESA in Kenya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morawczynski, Olga

    2011-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis will examine the adoption, usage and outcomes of a mobile money service called MPESA. Since being launched in 2007, the service has seen phenomenal growth in Kenya. Over 7.5 million users, or 34% of the adult ...

  9. Encouraging PV Adoption in New Market-Rate Residential Construction: A Critical Review of Program Experiences to Date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ENCOURAGING PV ADOPTION IN NEW MARKET-RATE RESIDENTIALdeployment of photovoltaics (PV) in new, market-rate homes,the new home market for PV. feature in new developments

  10. Directed Technical Change and the Adoption of CO2 Abatement Technology: The Case of CO2 Capture and Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otto, Vincent M.

    This paper studies the cost effectiveness of combining traditional environmental policy, such as CO2 trading schemes, and technology policy that has aims of reducing the cost and speeding the adoption of CO2 abatement ...

  11. The Influence of a CO2 Pricing Scheme on Distributed Energy Resources in California's Commercial Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stadler, Michael; Marnay, Chris; Lai, Judy; Cardoso, Goncalo; Megel, Olivier; Siddiqui, Afzal

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) is working with the California Energy Commission (CEC) to determine the potential role of commercial-sector distributed energy resources (DER) with combined heat and power (CHP) in greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) reductions. Historically, relatively little attention has been paid to the potential of medium-sized commercial buildings with peak electric loads ranging from 100 kW to 5 MW. In our research, we examine how these medium-sized commercial buildings might implement DER and CHP. The buildings are able to adopt and operate various technologies, e.g., photovoltaics (PV), on-site thermal generation, heat exchangers, solar thermal collectors, absorption chillers, batteries and thermal storage systems. We apply the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM), which is a mixed-integer linear program (MILP) that minimizes a site?s annual energy costs and/or CO2 emissions. Using 138 representative mid-sized commercial sites in California, existing tariffs of major utilities, and expected performance data of available technologies in 2020, we find the GHG reduction potential for these buildings. We compare different policy instruments, e.g., a CO2 pricing scheme or a feed-in tariff (FiT), and show their contributions to the California Air Resources Board (CARB) goals of additional 4 GW CHP capacities and 6.7 Mt/a GHG reduction in California by 2020. By applying different price levels for CO2, we find that there is competition between fuel cells and PV/solar thermal. It is found that the PV/solar thermal adoption increases rapidly, but shows a saturation at high CO2 prices, partly due to limited space for PV and solar thermal. Additionally, we find that large office buildings are good hosts for CHP in general. However, most interesting is the fact that fossil-based CHP adoption also increases with increasing CO2 prices. We will show service territory specific results since the attractiveness of DER varies widely by climate zone and service territory.

  12. A business case for on-site generation: The BD biosciences pharmingen project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Ryan; Creighton, Charles; Bailey, Owen; Marnay, Chris; Stadler, Michael

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    56 Table 10: Microturbine7: The Electric Chiller Microturbine and photovoltaic (PV)used in DER- CAM. Table 10: Microturbine Data with with heat

  13. Assessment of the Economic Potential of Microgrids for Reactive Power Supply

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appen, Jan von

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    such as internal combustion engines (ICE), microturbines (IN DER -CAM DER Internal Combustion Engine (ICE - small)five medium- sized internal combustion engines. Since this

  14. Building Distributed Energy Performance Optimization for China a Regional Analysis of Building Energy Costs and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Wei

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as combined heat and power (CHP), photovoltaics (PV), andCombined Heat and Power (CHP), DER-CAM Introduction Chinacombined heat and power (CHP), and electrical storage in

  15. A Green Prison: Santa Rita Jail Creeps Towards Zero Net Energy (ZNE)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to lower building carbon footprint. The Distributed Energyenergy consumption, and carbon footprint. DER-CAM is used toenergy purchases and carbon footprint, future installations

  16. Multi-Building Microgrids for a Distributed Energy Future in Portugal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendes, Goncalo

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    electricity tariff “MT – Médias utilizações em ciclo semanal normal” for the Education,electricity tariff considered in the DER-CAM runs for the Education,

  17. Geothermal(Ground-Source)Heat Pumps: Market Status, Barriers to Adoption, and Actions to Overcome Barriers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hughes, Patrick [ORNL

    2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    More effective stewardship of our resources contributes to the security, environmental sustainability, and economic well-being of the nation. Buildings present one of the best opportunities to economically reduce energy consumption and limit greenhouse gas emissions. Geothermal heat pumps (GHPs), sometimes called ground-source heat pumps, have been proven capable of producing large reductions in energy use and peak demand in buildings. However, GHPs have received little attention at the policy level as an important component of a national strategy. Have policymakers mistakenly overlooked GHPs, or are GHPs simply unable to make a major contribution to the national goals for various reasons? This brief study was undertaken at DOE's request to address this conundrum. The scope of the study includes determining the status of global GHP markets and the status of the GHP industry and technology in the United States, assembling previous estimates of GHP energy savings potential, identifying key barriers to application of GHPs, and identifying actions that could accelerate market adoption of GHPs. The findings are documented in this report along with conclusions and recommendations.

  18. Sustainable Transportation: Accelerating Widespread Adoption of Energy Efficient Vehicles & Fuels (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While energy efficient transportation strategies have the potential to simultaneously slash oil consumption and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, a truly sustainable solution will require more than just putting drivers behind the wheels of new fuel-efficient cars. As the only national laboratory dedicated 100% to renewable energy and energy efficiency, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) accelerates widespread adoption of high-performance, low-emission, energy-efficient passenger and freight vehicles, as well as alternative fuels and related infrastructure. Researchers collaborate closely with industry, government, and research partners, using a whole-systems approach to design better batteries, drivetrains, and engines, as well as thermal management, energy storage, power electronic, climate control, alternative fuel, combustion, and emission systems. NREL's sustainable transportation research, development, and deployment (RD&D) efforts are not limited to vehicles, roads, and fueling stations. The lab also explores ways to save energy and reduce GHGs by integrating transportation technology advancements with renewable energy generation, power grids and building systems, urban planning and policy, and fleet operations.

  19. An analysis of the teaching methods and sources of information used in adopting improved practices in rice production in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kibria, A. K. M. Anwarul

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Size of Farms on the Use of Teaching Methods for Adoption of Rice Production Practices 22 25 27 30 34 38 42 TABLE OF CON TEN TS (continued) Chapter Page Influence of Parents' Vocation on the Use of Teaching Methods for Adoption of Rice... with Different Tenure Levels Expressed in Percentage 41 10 Chi-Square Test for Tenure Levels-Teaching Methods Independence 42 Average Use of Major Categories of Teaching Methods for Rice Production by Farmers with Different Size of Farms Expressed...

  20. Integrated Deployment Model: A Comprehensive Approach to Transforming the Energy Economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Werner, M.

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the Integrated Deployment model to accelerate market adoption of alternative energy solutions to power homes, businesses, and vehicles through a comprehensive and aggressive approach.

  1. Characterizing opportunities for short reach optical interconnect adoption : a market survey and total cost of ownership model approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindsey, Johnathan Jake, III

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past decade, the demand for digital information has increased dramatically with the rising use of the Internet and various types of multimedia data - text, audio, graphics, video, and voice. As a consequence, the ...

  2. A Trait Specific Model of GM Crop Adoption among U.S. Corn Farmers in the Upper Midwest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foltz, Jeremy D.

    to already existing seeds. This makes genetically modified (GM) seeds different from standard technological and change the characteristics of plants by giving them the ability to add specific and unique traits. In this case GM seeds involve adding specific traits into a plant in a manner similar to how a food company

  3. Testing the Subsistence Model for the Adoption of Ceramic Technology Among Coastal Sambaqui Foragers of Southern Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crouch, Maria Shannon Parks

    2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    to me those nights I had to work in the lab. I also thank Sheela Athreya and Masha Sukovic for allowing me to stay in their homes while I was traveling between College Station and Austin. Thank you, as well, to Ryan and Jill Dewey. To all of my...

  4. BEHAVIOURAL REALISM IN A TECHNOLOGY EXPLICIT ENERGY-ECONOMY MODEL: THE ADOPTION OF INDUSTRIAL COGENERATION IN CANADA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COGENERATION IN CANADA Prepared for: OFFICE OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY NATURAL RESOURCES CANADA Prepared by: NIC technology decision. A survey of 259 industrial firms in Canada was administered in 2002 and a discrete

  5. Understanding technology diffusion and market adoption through modeling : implications on strategy for demand-side energy firms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nath, Vivin

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deregulation shaping the Electricity industry across the world is a systems challenge cutting across interdisciplinary fields of technology, economics, public policy, environment and sociology. Decision makers that shape ...

  6. Modeling household adoption of earthquake hazard adjustments: a longitudinal panel study of Southern California and Western Washington residents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arlikatti, Sudha S

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Stakeholders and Perceived Characteristics Although there is a growing recognition that stakeholder participation is important to the hazards planning process (Godschalk, Beatley, Berke, Brower, Kaiser, 1999; Brody, 2003; Brody, Godschalk, & Burby, 2003...

  7. Modeling household adoption of earthquake hazard adjustments: a longitudinal panel study of Southern California and Western Washington residents 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arlikatti, Sudha S

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This research, aimed at advancing the theory of environmental hazard adjustment processes by contrasting households from three cities in a high seismic hazard area with households from three other cities in a moderate ...

  8. Final Report: Assessment of Combined Heat and Power Premium Power Applications in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norwood, Zack; Lipman, Tim; Marnay, Chris; Kammen, Dan

    2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This report analyzes the current economic and environmental performance of combined heat and power (CHP) systems in power interruption intolerant commercial facilities. Through a series of three case studies, key trade-offs are analyzed with regard to the provision of black-out ridethrough capability with the CHP systems and the resutling ability to avoid the need for at least some diesel backup generator capacity located at the case study sites. Each of the selected sites currently have a CHP or combined heating, cooling, and power (CCHP) system in addition to diesel backup generators. In all cases the CHP/CCHP system have a small fraction of the electrical capacity of the diesel generators. Although none of the selected sites currently have the ability to run the CHP systems as emergency backup power, all could be retrofitted to provide this blackout ride-through capability, and new CHP systems can be installed with this capability. The following three sites/systems were used for this analysis: (1) Sierra Nevada Brewery - Using 1MW of installed Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells operating on a combination of digestor gas (from the beer brewing process) and natural gas, this facility can produce electricty and heat for the brewery and attached bottling plant. The major thermal load on-site is to keep the brewing tanks at appropriate temperatures. (2) NetApp Data Center - Using 1.125 MW of Hess Microgen natural gas fired reciprocating engine-generators, with exhaust gas and jacket water heat recovery attached to over 300 tons of of adsorption chillers, this combined cooling and power system provides electricity and cooling to a data center with a 1,200 kW peak electrical load. (3) Kaiser Permanente Hayward Hospital - With 180kW of Tecogen natural gas fired reciprocating engine-generators this CHP system generates steam for space heating, and hot water for a city hospital. For all sites, similar assumptions are made about the economic and technological constraints of the power generation system. Using the Distributed Energy Resource Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM) developed at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, we model three representative scenarios and find the optimal operation scheduling, yearly energy cost, and energy technology investments for each scenario below: Scenario 1 - Diesel generators and CHP/CCHP equipment as installed in the current facility. Scenario 1 represents a baseline forced investment in currently installed energy equipment. Scenario 2 - Existing CHP equipment installed with blackout ride-through capability to replace approximately the same capacity of diesel generators. In Scenario 2 the cost of the replaced diesel units is saved, however additional capital cost for the controls and switchgear for blackout ride-through capability is necessary. Scenario 3 - Fully optimized site analysis, allowing DER-CAM to specify the number of diesel and CHP/CCHP units (with blackout ride-through capability) that should be installed ignoring any constraints on backup generation. Scenario 3 allows DER-CAM to optimize scheduling and number of generation units from the currently available technologies at a particular site. The results of this analysis, using real data to model the optimal schedulding of hypothetical and actual CHP systems for a brewery, data center, and hospital, lead to some interesting conclusions. First, facilities with high heating loads will typically prove to be the most appropriate for CHP installation from a purely economic standpoint. Second, absorption/adsorption cooling systems may only be economically feasible if the technology for these chillers can increase above current best system efficiency. At a coefficient of performance (COP) of 0.8, for instance, an adsorption chiller paired with a natural gas generator with waste heat recovery at a facility with large cooling loads, like a data center, will cost no less on a yearly basis than purchasing electricity and natural gas directly from a utility. Third, at marginal additional cost, if the reliability of CHP systems proves to be at

  9. The Blind Ones and the Matter of the Beast (Adopted from Idries Shah's Tales of the Dervishes. 1967)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Laughlin, Jay

    The Blind Ones and the Matter of the Beast (Adopted from Idries Shah's Tales of the Dervishes. 1967) Beyond Ghor (Afghanistan) there was a city. All its inhabitants were blind. A king with his entourage to understand and see this great beast, and some sightless from among this blind community ran like fools

  10. Michigan State Code Adoption Analysis: Cost-Effectiveness of Lighting Requirements - ASHRAE/IESNA 90.1-2004

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richman, Eric E.

    2006-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents PNNL's analysis of the potential energy effect and cost-effectiveness of the lighting requirements in ASHRAE/IESNA 90.1-2004 if this energy code is adopted in the state of Michigan, instead of the current standard.

  11. Pesticide safety risk, food chain organization, and the adoption of sustainable farming practices. The case of Moroccan early tomatoes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    standards and more recently process standards (Good agricultural practices and integrated pest management in safeguarding specific investments, which results in greater diffusion of biocontrol and good agricultural1 Pesticide safety risk, food chain organization, and the adoption of sustainable farming practices

  12. Continuous Integration for Eclipse Plugins The Eclipse software platform is one of the most adopted development environment for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krause, Rolf

    of your plugin will be to automate critical tasks in the plugin development lifecycle, which will enableContinuous Integration for Eclipse Plugins Background The Eclipse software platform is one of the most adopted development environment for programming with the Java language. Its modular, plugin

  13. LBNL/ Adopt Fall Protection Program 2010 Here is the Company Letter Certification Template to address if your company has

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisen, Michael

    LBNL/ Adopt Fall Protection Program 2010 Here is the Company Letter Certification Template to address if your company has decided to work under LBNL fall protection program. See attached Chapter 30 protection matrix. All fall protection equipment will be inspected before work begins by LBNL SME of fall

  14. (Acts adopted under Title V of the Treaty on European Union) COUNCIL COMMON POSITION 2005/329/PESC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    element in the further deve- lopment of nuclear energy applications for peaceful purposes. (2) On 17 adopted Common Position 2000/297/CFSP relating to the 2000 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty to the Verification Agreement between the Non-Nuclear-Weapon States of the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM

  15. (Acts adopted under Title V of the Treaty on European Union) COUNCIL JOINT ACTION 2006/418/CFSP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    , such as the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). (3) On 17 November 2003 the Council adopted Common Position 2003 an important objective to be pursued. (7) In July 2005, States Parties and the European Atomic Energy Community of 12 June 2006 on support for IAEA activities in the areas of nuclear security and verification

  16. (Acts adopted pursuant to Title V of the Treaty on European Union) COUNCIL COMMON POSITION 2003/805/CFSP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    (Acts adopted pursuant to Title V of the Treaty on European Union) COUNCIL COMMON POSITION 2003 that terrorists will acquire chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear materials adds a new dimension would serve as a yardstick in the negotiations of EU positions in international forums

  17. SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory Identity Guidelines In 2008, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory adopted a new name and a new logo.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wechsler, Risa H.

    Laboratory adopted a new name and a new logo. Using a standard logo and way of referencing the laboratory in upper-case letters. Logo The SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory logo consists of the SLAC graphic element, labeled "logo" below. Whenever possible, the logo should be accompanied by the "National

  18. Study of Reasons for the Adoption of Lean Production in the Automobile Industry: Questions for the AEC Industries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tommelein, Iris D.

    Study of Reasons for the Adoption of Lean Production in the Automobile Industry: Questions IN THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY: QUESTIONS FOR THE AEC INDUSTRIES Scott Featherston1 ABSTRACT The primary intent in opting for an alternative? Were there pressures that gave automobile producers no option but to alter

  19. ADJUSTMENT COSTS, LEARNING-BY-DOING, AND TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION UNDER UNCERTAINTY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pavlova, Anna

    2003-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a variety of vintage capital models of a firm's choice of technology under uncertainty in the presence of adjustment costs and technology-specific learning. ...

  20. Identifying Challenges for Sustained Adoption of Alternative Fuel Vehicles and Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Struben, Jeroen J.R.,

    2007-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper develops a dynamic, behavioral model with an explicit spatial structure to explore the co-evolutionary dynamics between infrastructure supply and vehicle demand. Vehicles and fueling infrastructure are ...

  1. Landowner perception, awareness, and adoption of wildfire programs in the Southern United States 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Adam R.

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    . Specifically, it was hypothesized that landowner program awareness, interest in biomass utilization, and wildfire mitigation strategies would be influenced by the type of information they received, management activities, and other factors. Seven logit models...

  2. Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 Through 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, Stephen; Williams, Alison; Chan, Peter

    2011-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents estimates of the key impacts of the energy and water conservation standards that have been adopted from 1987 through 2010. The standards covered include those set by legislation as well as standards adopted by DOE through rulemaking. We estimate that energy efficiency standards for consumer products and certain commercial and industrial equipment that have been adopted from 1987 through 2010 saved 3.0 quads in 2010, have had a cumulative energy savings of 25.9 quads through 2010 and will achieve cumulative energy savings of 158 quads over the period 1990-2070. Thus, the majority of the savings are still to come as products subject to standards enter the stock. Furthermore, the standards will have a cumulative net present value (NPV) of consumer benefit of between $851 billion and $1,103 billion, using 7 percent and 3 percent discount rates, respectively. In addition, we estimate the water conservation standards, together with those energy conservation standards that also save water, saved residential consumers 1.5 trillion gallons of water in 2010, have had cumulative water savings of 11.7 trillion gallons through 2010, and will achieve cumulative water savings by 2040 of 51.4 trillion gallons.

  3. Market Cost of Renewable Jet Fuel Adoption in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Administration (FAA) has a goal that one billion gallons of renewable jet fuel is consumed by the US aviation,* Dominic McConnachie, Christoph Wollersheim and Ian A. Waitz Abstract The US Federal Aviation model of the aviation industry. If soybean oil is used as a feedstock, we find that meeting the aviation

  4. An Analysis of TRL-Based Cost and Schedule Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenley, C. Robert

    2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The GAO's, NASA's, and the DoD's adoption of the technology readiness level (TRL) scale to improve technology management has led to the emergence of many TRL-based models that are used to monitor technology maturation, ...

  5. Statewide Electricity and Demand Capacity Savings from the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) Adoption for Single-Family Residences in Texas (2002-2011)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, H.; Baltazar, J. C.; Haberl, J. S.; Yazdani, B.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is the continuation of the previous 2011 Statewide Electricity Savings report from code-compliant, single-family residences built between 2002 and 2009. Statewide electricity and electric demand savings achieved from the adoption...

  6. SUSTAINABILITY AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY POLICY 1 The University is committed to sustainability and social responsibility. The adoption and promotion of a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Ran

    SUSTAINABILITY AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY POLICY 1 The University is committed to sustainability and social responsibility. The adoption and promotion of a sustainability and social responsibility agenda and economic factors are integrated. 2 Sustainable development, defined as "meeting present needs without

  7. General syllabus for third-cycle studies in Food Hygiene TEKLGFLH This syllabus has been adopted by the Board of LTH, 11 October 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    General syllabus for third-cycle studies in Food Hygiene TEKLGFLH This syllabus has been adopted by the Board of LTH, 11 October 2010 1. Description The graduate discipline Food hygiene approach problem areas

  8. Developing and Implementing Sustainability Education through the Integration of Behavioral Science Achieving a sustainable future requires that individuals adopt different values,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    Developing and Implementing Sustainability Education through the Integration of Behavioral Science sustainability education, which can be used to guide the development and evaluation of action Abstract Achieving a sustainable future requires that individuals adopt different values, attitudes, habits

  9. Influence of result demonstrations on the adoption of improved practices in cotton production in a six-county area in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamsuzzoha, A. N. M

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    INFLUENCE OF RESULT DEMONSTRATIONS ON THE ADOPTION OF IMPROVED PRACTICES IN COTTON PRODUCTION IN A SIX ? COUNTY AREA IN TEXAS A Thesis by A. N. M. SHAMSUZZOHA Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1967 Major Subject: Agricultural Education INFLUENCE OF RESULT DEMONSTRATIONS ON THE ADOPTION OF IMPROVED PRACTICES IN COTTON PRODUCTION IN A SIX-COUNTY AREA IN TEXAS A Thesis...

  10. Storage Viability and Optimization Web Service

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stadler, Michael; Marnay, Christ; Lai, Judy; Siddiqui, Afzal; Limpaitoon, Tanachai; Phan, Trucy; Megel, Olivier; Chang, Jessica; DeForest, Nicholas

    2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Non-residential sectors offer many promising applications for electrical storage (batteries) and photovoltaics (PVs). However, choosing and operating storage under complex tariff structures poses a daunting technical and economic problem that may discourage potential customers and result in lost carbon and economic savings. Equipment vendors are unlikely to provide adequate environmental analysis or unbiased economic results to potential clients, and are even less likely to completely describe the robustness of choices in the face of changing fuel prices and tariffs. Given these considerations, researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) have designed the Storage Viability and Optimization Web Service (SVOW): a tool that helps building owners, operators and managers to decide if storage technologies and PVs merit deeper analysis. SVOW is an open access, web-based energy storage and PV analysis calculator, accessible by secure remote login. Upon first login, the user sees an overview of the parameters: load profile, tariff, technologies, and solar radiation location. Each parameter has a pull-down list of possible predefined inputs and users may upload their own as necessary. Since the non-residential sectors encompass a broad range of facilities with fundamentally different characteristics, the tool starts by asking the users to select a load profile from a limited cohort group of example facilities. The example facilities are categorized according to their North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code. After the load profile selection, users select a predefined tariff or use the widget to create their own. The technologies and solar radiation menus operate in a similar fashion. After these four parameters have been inputted, the users have to select an optimization setting as well as an optimization objective. The analytic engine of SVOW is LBNL?s Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM), which is a mixed-integer linear program (MILP) written and executed in the General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS) optimization software. LBNL has released version 1.2.0.11 of SVOW. Information can be found at http://der.lbl.gov/microgrids-lbnl/current-project-storage-viability-website.

  11. Heilougjiang adopts measures to strengthen land management-each square millimeter of land is utterly cherished and rationally used

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tan Peiquan; Liu, Y.

    1983-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This article reports on how a Chinese province with a large area of land and a small population has adopted a series of measures to strengthen land management, to stop the illegal occupying of land, and to protect land resources. Investigations of land resources and of the state of land use, as well as soil surveys, have been launched in order to determine the rights of land ownership and use. Many counties and cities have experimented with dividing farm areas into districts and comprehensive land planning, established land files, trained key personnel in land management skills, and have launched scientific land research. Illegal occupation, waste and destruction of land have risen with the increase in population and construction. Per capita cultivated acreage has declined to 4.1 mu. An effort has been made to reach the people in urban and rural areas with this message: ''Cherish every square millimeter of land utterly and use it rationally''.

  12. Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 Through 2013

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, Stephen; Williams, Alison; Chan, Peter

    2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents estimates of the key impacts of Federal energy and water conservation standards adopted from 1987 through 2013. The standards for consumer products and commercial and industrial equipment include those set by legislation as well as standards adopted by DOE through rulemaking. In 2013, the standards saved an estimated 4.05 quads of primary energy, which is equivalent to 4% of total U.S. energy consumption. The savings in operating costs for households and businesses totaled $56 billion. The average household saved $361 in operating costs as a result of residential and plumbing product standards. The estimated reduction in CO{sub 2} emissions associated with the standards in 2013 was 218 million metric tons, which is equivalent to 4% of total U.S. CO{sub 2} emissions. The estimated cumulative energy savings over the period 1990-2090 amount to 181 quads. Accounting for the increased upfront costs of more-efficient products and the operating cost (energy and water) savings over the products’ lifetime, the standards have a past and projected cumulative net present value (NPV) of consumer benefit of between $1,271 billion and $1,487 billion, using 7 percent and 3 percent discount rates, respectively. The water conservation standards, together with energy conservation standards that also save water, reduced water use by 1.9 trillion gallons in 2013, and will achieve cumulative water savings by 2090 of 55 trillion gallons. The estimated consumer savings in 2013 from reduced water use amounted to $16 billon.

  13. Adoption Assistance Claim Form

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWP TWP Related LinksATHENAAdministrative80-AA (01-2015) Supersedes

  14. Modelling of thermo-mechanical and irradiation behavior of metallic and oxide fuels for sodium fast reactors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karahan, Aydin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A robust and reliable code to model the irradiation behavior of metal and oxide fuels in sodium cooled fast reactors is developed. Modeling capability was enhanced by adopting a non-empirical mechanistic approach to the ...

  15. The impact of the adoption of efficient electrical products and control technologies on office building energy use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newsham, G.; Cornick, S.; Sander, D. [National Research Council Canada, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada). Inst. for Research in Construction; Mahdavi, A.; Mathew, P.; Brahme, R. [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy savings attributable to efficient lighting and office equipment technologies are often quoted for the technology in isolation. However, total energy savings will depend on interactions with the building HVAC system. The authors predicted overall energy savings from parametric simulations of a typical North American office building. Cooling and heating energy impacts were expressed as a fraction of the direct electrical energy savings due to the adoption of efficient lighting and office equipment technologies ({Delta}C/{Delta}L and {Delta}H/{Delta}L, respectively). {Delta}C/{Delta}L varied little with the source and magnitude of the direct savings or with building envelope variations. However, cooling system type had a large effect. {Delta}H/{Delta}L varied substantially with envelope variations and the magnitude of direct savings. For cooling, the results agree with a previously published simplified method and may expand the method`s scope. However, for heating, the results suggest that the existing simplified method may not be generally valid.

  16. Strategies for Energy Efficient Resource Management of Hybrid Programming Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Strategies for Energy Efficient Resource Management of Hybrid Programming Models Dong Li Member, with the accelerating adoption of hybrid programming models, we increasingly need improved energy efficiency in hybrid hybrid programming models that use both message-passing and shared- memory, due to the increasing

  17. Murphy Tools: Utilizing Extracted GUI Models for Industrial Software Testing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Memon, Atif M.

    --graphical user interface; GUI test automation; model extraction; reverse engineering; industrial test environment is a technique for using models as a basis for automated test generation. The industrial adoption of MBTMurphy Tools: Utilizing Extracted GUI Models for Industrial Software Testing Pekka Aho VTT

  18. Optimal investment and scheduling of distributed energy resources with uncertainty in electric vehicles driving schedules

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Center for Energy and Innovative Technologies; NEC Laboratories America Inc.; Cardoso, Goncalo; Stadler, Michael; Bozchalui, Mohammed C.; Sharma, Ratnesh; Marnay, Chris; Barbosa-Povoa, Ana; Ferrao, Paulo

    2013-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The large scale penetration of electric vehicles (EVs) will introduce technical challenges to the distribution grid, but also carries the potential for vehicle-to-grid services. Namely, if available in large enough numbers, EVs can be used as a distributed energy resource (DER) and their presence can influence optimal DER investment and scheduling decisions in microgrids. In this work, a novel EV fleet aggregator model is introduced in a stochastic formulation of DER-CAM [1], an optimization tool used to address DER investment and scheduling problems. This is used to assess the impact of EV interconnections on optimal DER solutions considering uncertainty in EV driving schedules. Optimization results indicate that EVs can have a significant impact on DER investments, particularly if considering short payback periods. Furthermore, results suggest that uncertainty in driving schedules carries little significance to total energy costs, which is corroborated by results obtained using the stochastic formulation of the problem.

  19. The Adoption of New Adjuvant Radiation Therapy Modalities Among Medicare Beneficiaries With Breast Cancer: Clinical Correlates and Cost Implications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roberts, Kenneth B. [Cancer Outcomes, Public Policy, and Effectiveness Research (COPPER) Center, Yale Comprehensive Cancer Center and Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States) [Cancer Outcomes, Public Policy, and Effectiveness Research (COPPER) Center, Yale Comprehensive Cancer Center and Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Soulos, Pamela R. [Cancer Outcomes, Public Policy, and Effectiveness Research (COPPER) Center, Yale Comprehensive Cancer Center and Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States) [Cancer Outcomes, Public Policy, and Effectiveness Research (COPPER) Center, Yale Comprehensive Cancer Center and Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Section of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Herrin, Jeph [Cancer Outcomes, Public Policy, and Effectiveness Research (COPPER) Center, Yale Comprehensive Cancer Center and Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States) [Cancer Outcomes, Public Policy, and Effectiveness Research (COPPER) Center, Yale Comprehensive Cancer Center and Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Health Research and Educational Trust, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Yu, James B. [Cancer Outcomes, Public Policy, and Effectiveness Research (COPPER) Center, Yale Comprehensive Cancer Center and Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States) [Cancer Outcomes, Public Policy, and Effectiveness Research (COPPER) Center, Yale Comprehensive Cancer Center and Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Long, Jessica B. [Cancer Outcomes, Public Policy, and Effectiveness Research (COPPER) Center, Yale Comprehensive Cancer Center and Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States) [Cancer Outcomes, Public Policy, and Effectiveness Research (COPPER) Center, Yale Comprehensive Cancer Center and Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Section of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Dostaler, Edward [Section of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States)] [Section of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); and others

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: New radiation therapy modalities have broadened treatment options for older women with breast cancer, but it is unclear how clinical factors, geographic region, and physician preference affect the choice of radiation therapy modality. Methods and Materials: We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare database to identify women diagnosed with stage I-III breast cancer from 1998 to 2007 who underwent breast-conserving surgery. We assessed the temporal trends in, and costs of, the adoption of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and brachytherapy. Using hierarchical logistic regression, we evaluated the relationship between the use of these new modalities and patient and regional characteristics. Results: Of 35,060 patients, 69.9% received conventional external beam radiation therapy (EBRT). Although overall radiation therapy use remained constant, the use of IMRT increased from 0.0% to 12.6% from 1998 to 2007, and brachytherapy increased from 0.7% to 9.0%. The statistical variation in brachytherapy use attributable to the radiation oncologist and geographic region was 41.4% and 9.5%, respectively (for IMRT: 23.8% and 22.1%, respectively). Women undergoing treatment at a free-standing radiation facility were significantly more likely to receive IMRT than were women treated at a hospital-based facility (odds ratio for IMRT vs EBRT: 3.89 [95% confidence interval, 2.78-5.45]). No such association was seen for brachytherapy. The median radiation therapy cost per treated patient increased from $5389 in 2001 to $8539 in 2007. Conclusions: IMRT and brachytherapy use increased substantially from 1998 to 2007; overall, radiation therapy costs increased by more than 50%. Radiation oncologists played an important role in treatment choice for both types of radiation therapy, whereas geographic region played a bigger role in the use of IMRT than brachytherapy.

  20. DAINTREE NETWORKS PARTNERS WITH CLTC TO ADVANCE LIGHTING CONTROLS UC Davis' California Lighting Technology Center (CLTC) and Daintree team up to increase adoption with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    the ease of system integration and illustrate energy efficiency gains through intelligent data analytics Technology Center is a not-for-profit RD&D facility dedicated to developing and commercializing energy-efficient of networked lighting controls. The widespread adoption of energy-efficient technologies such as lighting

  1. Cool Roofs Will Revolutionize the Building Industry Adoption of infrared-reflective paints is one of the major advances in roofing in our

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    . Cool Roofs Will Revolutionize the Building Industry Adoption of infrared-reflective paints is one of the major advances in roofing in our century. ORNL's Building Envelopes Program has conducted research for many roofing consortiums and their affiliates to help them develop cool roof products. Based

  2. EN Official Journal of the European Communities19.4.2000 L 97/1 (Acts adopted pursuant to Title V of the Treaty on European Union)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (2000/297/CFSP) THE COUNCIL Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (2). (4) The 1995 Review and Extension Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons adopted

  3. Informal and formal channels of communication preferred and used in adoption of ranching practices by cattle producers in the state of Nuevo Leon, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freund, Tamara Marie

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    performed a descriptive analysis of the communication channels that exist and are preferred by the cattle ranchers of the State of Nuevo Lean, Mexico when they are deciding to adopt or reject a ranching practice. The results were summarized to make...

  4. In 1991 UC Irvine adopted standards to outperform California's Title 24 Energy Efficiency Standards by 30 percent, use 100 percent reclaimed water, CO2 sensing for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Michael R.

    in Sacramento. · Nine buildings at UC Irvine bear the U.S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy· In 1991 UC Irvine adopted standards to outperform California's Title 24 Energy Efficiency, and no rainforest hardwoods · UC Irvine's Smart Labs Initiative, which reduces energy consumption in new

  5. The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, Volume 81, October 2003 913 n recent years, the static mixer has been adopted for a large number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prasad, Ajay K.

    , the static mixer has been adopted for a large number of blending and dispersion operations. Static mixers process industry. Static mixers offer attractive features such as closed-loop operation, and no moving geometry. A typical inlet geometry to the static mixer is the centerline injector as depicted schematically

  6. Alternatives to traditional model comparison strategies for covariance structure models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preacher, K. J.; Cai, Li; MacCallum, R. C.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    involving an extension of recently introduced methods to nested model scenarios. Following our discussion of power, we further explore the potential value of adopting a model selection approach that avoids hypoth- a105 ?Chapter3?Preacher? ? 2007/2/12 ? 15... is literally true, there is an obvious logical problem in testing the null hypothesis that a model fits data perfectly in the population. Yet, this is precisely the hypothesis tested by the popular LR test of model a105 ?Chapter3?Preacher? ? 2007/2/12 ? 15...

  7. Majorana zero-modes and topological phases of multi-flavored Jackiw-Rebbi model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ho, Shih-Hao

    Motivated by the recent Kitaev’s K-theory analysis of topological insulators and superconductors, we adopt the same framework to study the topological phase structure of Jackiw-Rebbi model in 3+1 dimensions. According to ...

  8. Integrated Water Management and Modeling at Multiple Spatial Scales David Ezechiel Rosenberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lund, Jay R.

    Integrated Water Management and Modeling at Multiple Spatial Scales Abstract Water shortages from actions that minimize costs or maximize benefits across a variety of water shortage conditions, describe interdependencies when adopting multiple actions together. Fourth, list the shortage or water

  9. Biophysically Accurate Brain Modeling and Simulation using Hybrid MPI/OpenMP Parallel Processing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Jingzhen

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    simulator using biophysically realistic neural models for the simulation of large scale neural networks. In order to improve the performance of the simulator, we adopt several techniques such as merging linear synaptic receptors mathematically and using two...

  10. COMPARING MODEL RESULTS TO NATIONAL CLIMATE POLICY GOALS: RESULTS FROM THE ASIA MODELING EXERCISE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Calvin, Katherine V.; Fawcett, Allen A.; Jiang, Kejun

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While the world has yet to adopt a single unified policy to limit climate change, many countries and regions have adopted energy and climate policies that have implications for global emissions. In this paper, we discuss a few key policies and how they are included in a set of 24 energy and integrated assessment models that participated in the Asia Modeling Exercise. We also compare results from these models for a small set of stylized scenarios to the pledges made as part of the Copenhagen Accord and the goals stated by the Major Economies Forum. We find that the targets outlined by the United States, the European Union, Japan, and Korea require significant policy action in most of the models analyzed. For most of the models in the study, however, the goals outlined by India are met without any climate policy. The stringency of climate policy required to meet China’s Copenhagen pledges varies across models and accounting methodologies.

  11. Analysis of Potential Benefits and Costs of Adopting ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2001 as the Commercial Building Energy Code in Tennessee

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cort, Katherine A.; Winiarski, David W.; Belzer, David B.; Richman, Eric E.

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2001 Energy Standard for Buildings except Low-Rise Residential Buildings (hereafter referred to as ASHRAE 90.1-2001 or 90.1-2001) was developed in an effort to set minimum requirements for the energy efficient design and construction of new commercial buildings. The State of Tennessee is considering adopting ASHRAE 90.1-2001 as its commercial building energy code. In an effort to evaluate whether or not this is an appropriate code for the state, the potential benefits and costs of adopting this standard are considered in this report. Both qualitative and quantitative benefits and costs are assessed. Energy and economic impacts are estimated using the Building Loads Analysis and System Thermodynamics (BLAST) simulations combined with a Life-Cycle Cost (LCC) approach to assess corresponding economic costs and benefits. Tennessee currently has ASHRAE Standard 90A-1980 as the statewide voluntary/recommended commercial energy standard; however, it is up to the local jurisdiction to adopt this code. Because 90A-1980 is the recommended standard, many of the requirements of ASHRAE 90A-1980 were used as a baseline for simulations.

  12. Identification of Switched MIMO ARX models Laurent Bako1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sys- tems modeling and control [?]. In addition, the increasing emergence of discrete event systems in many modern applications has encouraged the modeling, the estimation and the analysis of such systems adopt a polynomial decoupling representation for han- dling switched systems with multiple inputs

  13. Updatable Process Views for Adapting Large Process Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulm, Universität

    Updatable Process Views for Adapting Large Process Models: The proView Demonstrator Jens Kolb. The increasing adoption of process-aware information sys- tems (PAISs) has resulted in large process model collections. To support users having different perspectives on these processes and related data, a PAIS should

  14. Energy manager design for microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    signals to a building energy management system already inStadler. 2003 “Distributed Energy Resources in Practice: Aof µGrid Distributed Energy Resource Potential Using DER-CAM

  15. Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and are typically used for on-site CHP systems. The electriccells.ppt Pacific Region CHP Application Center, Energy andAC CA CCHP CEC CERTS CEUS CHP ConEd COP DER DER-CAM DG DOE

  16. 2014 Smart Grid R&D Program Peer Review Meeting Microgrid...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    GridLAB-D by PNNL: checks engineering feasibility for islanded operations * DER-CAM by LBNL: analyze financial benefits and emissions while grid-connected 2 December 2008...

  17. Abstract--In models of imperfect competition of deregulated electricity markets, the key task is to find the Nash equilibrium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldick, Ross

    1 Abstract--In models of imperfect competition of deregulated electricity markets, the key task techniques are adopted in this paper. Two example application problems arising from electricity markets Terms-- Bimatrix Game, Complementarity Problem, Deregulation, Dominated Strategy, Electric Power Market

  18. Coastal Dynamics 2013 A 3-D PHASE-AVERAGED MODEL FOR SHALLOW WATER FLOW WITH WAVES IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Coastal Dynamics 2013 1915 A 3-D PHASE-AVERAGED MODEL FOR SHALLOW WATER FLOW WITH WAVES in coastal vegetated waters with short waves. The model adopts the 3-D phase-averaged shallow water flow mesh in the vertical direction. The flow model is coupled with a spectral wave deformation model called

  19. Biology is curved, soft and elastic; silicon wafers are not. Semiconductor technologies that can bridge this gap in form and mechanics will create new opportunities in devices that adopt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reisslein, Martin

    ABSTRACT Biology is curved, soft and elastic; silicon wafers are not. Semiconductor technologies that can bridge this gap in form and mechanics will create new opportunities in devices that adopt

  20. Texas' Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: Procedures for Measuring Electricity Savings from the Adoption of the International Energy Conservation Code (IRC/IECC 2001) in New Residences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and demand that are associated with specific energy conservation measures. This paper outlines the procedures that are being developed to report the electricity savings associated with the adoption of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC 2001...

  1. Faculty perceptions about attributes and barriers impacting the adoption and diffusion of Web-Based Educational Technologies (WBETs) at the University of Cape Coast and the University of Ghana, Legon 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yakah, Jemima Abena

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to determine faculty perceptions about factors impacting the adoption and diffusion of Web-Based Educational Technologies (WBETs) at the University of Cape Coast and the University of Ghana, ...

  2. South Fork Tolt River Hydroelectric Project : Adopted Portions of a 1987 Federal Energy Regulatory Commission`s Final Environmental Impact Statement.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The South Fork Tolt River Hydroelectric Project that world produce 6.55 average megawatts of firm energy per year and would be sited in the Snohomish River Basin, Washington, was evaluated by the Federal Energy Regulatory commission (FERC) along with six other proposed projects for environmental effects and economic feasibility Based on its economic analysis and environmental evaluation of the project, the FERC staff found that the South Fork Tolt River Project would be economically feasible and would result in insignificant Impacts if sedimentation issues could be resolved. Upon review, the BPA is adopting portions of the 1987 FERC FEIS that concern the South Fork Tolt River Hydroelectric Project and updating specific sections in an Attachment.

  3. Ontology Design and Development Framework Part I: Enhancing Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demurjian, Steven A.

    terminologies representing a semantic agreement between humans and knowledge systems. Numerous knowledge representational frameworks (e.g. KIF, DAML+OIL, OWL etc.), have been proposed in the research community, with limited adoption in the industry. One possible reason is a lack of a formal and rigorous model

  4. Revised NIH Model M-CRADA Monday, October 22, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Chris I.

    Revised NIH Model M-CRADA Monday, October 22, 2007 Page 1 of 10 NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH Agreement ("M-CRADA") has been adopted for use by the Institutes and Centers of the National Institutes are collected in Appendix B. Appendices A and B are incorporated herein by reference. This M-CRADA involves

  5. 5x20 Matrix for Knowledge Management Lifecycle Based on the Five C's Model and a Critical Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    5x20 Matrix for Knowledge Management Lifecycle Based on the Five C's Model and a Critical Review the previous efforts that have investigated the models and frameworks of KM lifecycles. Furthermore of coming out and arising the five C's model to be adopted in organizations vis-à-vis other KM lifecycles

  6. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1002/, A subordinated advection model for uniform bedload1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bäumer, Boris

    tivate adoption of fractional-derivative models (FDMs) to describe sediment13 dispersion R A F T #12;X - 2 ZHANG ET AL: SUBORDINATED MODEL FOR BEDLOAD TRANSPORT Abstract. Sediment tracersJOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1002/, A subordinated advection model

  7. Heavy quarkonium in a holographic QCD model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Youngman; Lee, Jong-Phil [School of Physics, Korea Institute for Advanced Study, Seoul 130-722 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Su Houng [Institute of Physics and Applied Physics, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Encouraged by recent developments in AdS/QCD models for the light quark system, we study heavy quarkonium in the framework of the AdS/QCD models. We calculate the masses of cc vector meson states using the AdS/QCD models at zero and at finite temperature. Among the models adopted in this work, we find that the soft-wall model describes the low-lying heavy quark meson states at zero temperature relatively well. At finite temperature, we observe that once the bound state is above T{sub c}, its mass will increase with temperature until it dissociates at a temperature of around 494 MeV. It is shown that the dissociation temperature is fixed by the infrared cutoff of the models. The present model serves as a unified nonperturbative model to investigate the properties of bound quarkonium states above T{sub c}.

  8. California Energy Commission ADOPTED REGULATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) "Energy Provider" means an entity providing sources of energy other than electricity or natural gas" means a report generated by Portfolio Manager that summarizes the space and energy usage of a building

  9. California Energy Commission ADOPTED REGULATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez Angela Gould Primary Author(s) Kate Zocchetti Acting Office Manager Renewable Energy Office of procurement that a POU must meet for a particular year for the purposes of calculating historic carryover Independent System Operator Corporation, Los Angeles Department of Water and Power, Balancing Authority

  10. adoption | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin: EnergyWyandanch,Eaga SolarZolo Technologies Inc

  11. Comparison of constitutive laws on the modeling of thermo-viscoplastic behaviour of an aluminum alloy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    .guines@insa-rennes.fr, d email: shdgj@sdu.edu.cn Keywords: Hardening law; Aluminum alloy; Flow stress; Temperature; Strain, the innovative lightweight materials, such as aluminum alloys, have been widely adopted in the automotive published to model the thermo-viscoplastic behaviour of the aluminum alloys. A modified Bergström model

  12. Experiments in Adaptive ModelBased Force Control Louis Whitcomb # , Suguru Arimoto,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitcomb, Louis L.

    trajectory tracking of a robot arm whose gripper is in point contact with a smooth surface. The comparative experiments with a new class of model­based adaptive force control algorithms for robot arms [6, 3 Controllers We adopt the commonly accepted plant model for a robot arm in rigid contact with a smooth

  13. Classification of multifluid CP world models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jens Thomas; Hartmut Schulz

    2000-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Various classification schemes exist for homogeneous and isotropic (CP) world models, which include pressureless matter (so-called dust) and Einstein's cosmological constant Lambda. We here classify the solutions of more general world models consisting of up to four non-interacting fluids, each with pressure P, energy density epsilon and an equation of state P = (gamma - 1) epsilon with 0 0) tends to yield the smoothest fits of the Supernova Ia data from Perlmutter et al. (1999). Adopting the SN Ia constraints, exotic negative energy density components can be fittingly included only if the universe consists of four or more fluids.

  14. Consumer Vehicle Choice Model Documentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Changzheng [ORNL] [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL] [ORNL

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In response to the Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions standards, automobile manufacturers will need to adopt new technologies to improve the fuel economy of their vehicles and to reduce the overall GHG emissions of their fleets. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has developed the Optimization Model for reducing GHGs from Automobiles (OMEGA) to estimate the costs and benefits of meeting GHG emission standards through different technology packages. However, the model does not simulate the impact that increased technology costs will have on vehicle sales or on consumer surplus. As the model documentation states, “While OMEGA incorporates functions which generally minimize the cost of meeting a specified carbon dioxide (CO2) target, it is not an economic simulation model which adjusts vehicle sales in response to the cost of the technology added to each vehicle.” Changes in the mix of vehicles sold, caused by the costs and benefits of added fuel economy technologies, could make it easier or more difficult for manufacturers to meet fuel economy and emissions standards, and impacts on consumer surplus could raise the costs or augment the benefits of the standards. Because the OMEGA model does not presently estimate such impacts, the EPA is investigating the feasibility of developing an adjunct to the OMEGA model to make such estimates. This project is an effort to develop and test a candidate model. The project statement of work spells out the key functional requirements for the new model.

  15. Analysis of the classical pseudo-3D model for hydraulic fracture with equilibrium height growth across stress barriers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peirce, Anthony

    Analysis of the classical pseudo-3D model for hydraulic fracture with equilibrium height growth t This paper deals with the so-called ``pseudo three-dimensional'' (P3D) model for a hydraulic fracture of the length, height, and aperture of the hydraulic fracture, in contrast to the numerical formulations adopted

  16. Bottom-up Representation of Industrial Energy Efficiency Technologies in Integrated Assessment Models for the Cement Sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Xu, T.; Galitsky, C.

    2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Adoption of efficient end-use technologies is one of the key measures for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. How to effectively analyze and manage the costs associated with GHG reductions becomes extremely important for the industry and policy makers around the world. Energy-climate (EC) models are often used for analyzing the costs of reducing GHG emissions for various emission-reduction measures, because an accurate estimation of these costs is critical for identifying and choosing optimal emission reduction measures, and for developing related policy options to accelerate market adoption and technology implementation. However, accuracies of assessing of GHG-emission reduction costs by taking into account the adoption of energy efficiency technologies will depend on how well these end-use technologies are represented in integrated assessment models (IAM) and other energy-climate models.

  17. Stochastic Modeling and Direct Simulation of the Diffusion Media for Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Volker

    Cells Yun Wang* and Xuhui Feng Renewable Energy Resources Lab (RERL) and National Fuel Cell Research the stochastic-model-based reconstruction of the gas diffusion layer (GDL) of polymer electrolyte fuel cells on pore-level transport and scrutinize the macroscopic approach vastly adopted in current fuel cell

  18. Injecting Task Delegation Constraints into a Role-based Access Control Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    With the broad adoption of workflow management systems to model and au- tomate business processes cross organisations, security becomes a crucial and essential topic. Typically, activities that are part of a process control list or more complex role-based structures [2]. In current workflow management systems, the role

  19. Separating expansion from contraction: generalized TOV condition, LTB models with pressure and CDM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , we adopt the Generalised Painlevé-Gullstrand (hereafter GPG) formalism used in Lasky & Lun [6], which TO LTB MODELS IN GPG SYSTEM We consider a spherically symmetric Generalised Lemaître-Tolman-Bondi metric to include pressure. Performing an ADM 3+1 splitting in the GPG coordinates [6] , the metric reads ds2 = -(t

  20. Finite Element Modeling of Rate-Dependent Ratcheting in Granular Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Finite Element Modeling of Rate-Dependent Ratcheting in Granular Materials A. Karrech a,, A. Seibi thrust is the introduc- tion of the "Chicago" law in a continuum approach to account for the ratcheting or jointly with the ratcheting effect. Non-associated plasticity is adopted since the paper mainly targets

  1. An Electricity Trade Model for Multiple Power Distribution Networks in Smart Energy Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    . A microgrid is a small scale power network, which contains one or multiple types of renewable power generators complicated with the adoption of energy storage [5]. For a power network, the amount of energy generationAn Electricity Trade Model for Multiple Power Distribution Networks in Smart Energy Systems

  2. A Model Reference Adaptive PID Control for Electromagnetic Actuated Micro-positioning Stage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yangmin

    , a model reference adaptive PID controller design process is introduced. Then control parameters the process for controlling the micro- positioning stage, which shows that the adopted controller can drive between the moving platform and the stator. Several kinds of actuators can realize non

  3. Title of the article MODELLING OF METAL POLLUTANT LEACHING THROUGH A SMECTITE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    adopted in several countries, and this includes the use of natural or geosynthetic clay liners2012 Author manuscript, published in "Applied Clay Science 59-60 (2012) 13-18" DOI : 10.1016/j.clay properties of a clay barrier (Fo-Ca) under controlled homogeneous conditions. A physical model that allows

  4. Damsel - A Data Model Storage Library for Exascale Science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samatova, Nagiza F

    2014-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this project is to enable exascale computational science applications to interact conveniently and efficiently with storage through abstractions that match their data models. We will accomplish this through three major activities: (1) identifying major data model motifs in computational science applications and developing representative benchmarks; (2) developing a data model storage library, called Damsel, that supports these motifs, provides efficient storage data layouts, incorporates optimizations to enable exascale operation, and is tolerant to failures; and (3) productizing Damsel and working with computational scientists to encourage adoption of this library by the scientific community.

  5. Damsel: A Data Model Storage Library for Exascale Science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koziol, Quincey [The HDF Group

    2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this project is to enable exascale computational science applications to interact conveniently and efficiently with storage through abstractions that match their data models. We will accomplish this through three major activities: (1) identifying major data model motifs in computational science applications and developing representative benchmarks; (2) developing a data model storage library, called Damsel, that supports these motifs, provides efficient storage data layouts, incorporates optimizations to enable exascale operation, and is tolerant to failures; and (3) productizing Damsel and working with computational scientists to encourage adoption of this library by the scientific community.

  6. Queuing models System dynamics models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glushko, Robert J.

    models Value chain models Business Model / Organizational Perspective Process Perspective Information#12;#12;#12;#12;Queuing models System dynamics models #12;#12;#12;#12;Blueprint or touchpoint

  7. Improving capabilities for dealing with key complexities of water availability modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olmos Alejo, Hector Elias

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    SYSTEM MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES AND MODELING PREMISES....................... 55 4.1 Single Reservoir Yield-Reliability Tables for Each BRA Reservoir..... 57 4.2 Yield-Reliability Tables for System Diversion at Cameron, Glen Rose, High Banks, and Gulf... management strategies and modeling premises for the Brazos River Authority System ? Evaluate the impact of the beginning storage adopted for the WRAP simulation on reliabilities and firm yields for reservoirs in the Brazos River Authority System...

  8. Distributed Energy Resources Market Diffusion Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maribu, Karl Magnus; Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui,Afzal S.

    2006-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Distributed generation (DG) technologies, such as gas-fired reciprocating engines and microturbines, have been found to be economically beneficial in meeting commercial-sector electrical, heating, and cooling loads. Even though the electric-only efficiency of DG is lower than that offered by traditional central stations, combined heat and power (CHP) applications using recovered heat can make the overall system energy efficiency of distributed energy resources (DER) greater. From a policy perspective, however, it would be useful to have good estimates of penetration rates of DER under various economic and regulatory scenarios. In order to examine the extent to which DER systems may be adopted at a national level, we model the diffusion of DER in the US commercial building sector under different technical research and technology outreach scenarios. In this context, technology market diffusion is assumed to depend on the system's economic attractiveness and the developer's knowledge about the technology. The latter can be spread both by word-of-mouth and by public outreach programs. To account for regional differences in energy markets and climates, as well as the economic potential for different building types, optimal DER systems are found for several building types and regions. Technology diffusion is then predicted via two scenarios: a baseline scenario and a program scenario, in which more research improves DER performance and stronger technology outreach programs increase DER knowledge. The results depict a large and diverse market where both optimal installed capacity and profitability vary significantly across regions and building types. According to the technology diffusion model, the West region will take the lead in DER installations mainly due to high electricity prices, followed by a later adoption in the Northeast and Midwest regions. Since the DER market is in an early stage, both technology research and outreach programs have the potential to increase DER adoption, and thus, shift building energy consumption to a more efficient alternative.

  9. Solar Deployment System (SolarDS) Model: Documentation and Sample Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denholm, P.; Drury, E.; Margolis, R.

    2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Solar Deployment System (SolarDS) model is a bottom-up, market penetration model that simulates the potential adoption of photovoltaics (PV) on residential and commercial rooftops in the continental United States through 2030. NREL developed SolarDS to examine the market competitiveness of PV based on regional solar resources, capital costs, electricity prices, utility rate structures, and federal and local incentives. The model uses the projected financial performance of PV systems to simulate PV adoption for building types and regions then aggregates adoption to state and national levels. The main components of SolarDS include a PV performance simulator, a PV annual revenue calculator, a PV financial performance calculator, a PV market share calculator, and a regional aggregator. The model simulates a variety of installed PV capacity for a range of user-specified input parameters. PV market penetration levels from 15 to 193 GW by 2030 were simulated in preliminary model runs. SolarDS results are primarily driven by three model assumptions: (1) future PV cost reductions, (2) the maximum PV market share assumed for systems with given financial performance, and (3) PV financing parameters and policy-driven assumptions, such as the possible future cost of carbon emissions.

  10. The International Symposium on Transportation and Traffic Theory 00 (2013) 119 Linear-Quadratic Model Predictive Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nazarathy, Yoni

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    al., 1996). The more recent works on traffic control systems have adopted results of modern control responsibility of Delft University of Technology Keywords: Model Predictive Control, Intelligent Transport System, Congestion Control 1. Introduction Increasing population and economic activities in modern societies have led

  11. 1928 IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 17, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2013 A Small World Network Model for Energy Efficient Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkashlan, Maged

    for Energy Efficient Wireless Networks Tiankui Zhang, Jinlong Cao, Yue Chen, Laurie Cuthbert, and Maged Elkashlan Abstract--Wireless ad hoc networks can be modeled as small world networks based on the complex of the wireless links, and 2) the impact of a wireless node on the entire network. By adopting the proposed metric

  12. Optimal Deployment of Thermal Energy Storage under Diverse Economic and Climate Conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeForest, Nicolas; Mendes, Goncalo; Stadler, Michael; Feng, Wei; Lai, Judy; Marnay, Chris

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents an investigation of the economic benefit of thermal energy storage (TES) for cooling, across a range of economic and climate conditions. Chilled water TES systems are simulated for a large office building in four distinct locations, Miami in the U.S.; Lisbon, Portugal; Shanghai, China; and Mumbai, India. Optimal system size and operating schedules are determined using the optimization model DER-CAM, such that total cost, including electricity and amortized capital costs are minimized. The economic impacts of each optimized TES system is then compared to systems sized using a simple heuristic method, which bases system size as fraction (50percent and 100percent) of total on-peak summer cooling loads. Results indicate that TES systems of all sizes can be effective in reducing annual electricity costs (5percent-15percent) and peak electricity consumption (13percent-33percent). The investigation also indentifies a number of criteria which drive TES investment, including low capital costs, electricity tariffs with high power demand charges and prolonged cooling seasons. In locations where these drivers clearly exist, the heuristically sized systems capture much of the value of optimally sized systems; between 60percent and 100percent in terms of net present value. However, in instances where these drivers are less pronounced, the heuristic tends to oversize systems, and optimization becomes crucial to ensure economically beneficial deployment of TES, increasing the net present value of heuristically sized systems by as much as 10 times in some instances.

  13. Continuum Level Formulation and Implementation of a Multi-scale Model for Vanadium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

    2009-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A multi-scale approach is used to construct a continuum strength model for vanadium. The model is formulated assuming plastic deformation by dislocation motion and strain hardening due to dislocation interactions. Dislocation density is adopted as the state variable in the model. Information from molecular statics, molecular dynamics and dislocation dynamics simulations is combined to create kinetic relations for dislocation motion, strain hardening relations and evolution equations for the dislocation density. Implicit time integration of the constitutive equations is described in the context of implementation in a finite element code. Results are provided illustrating the strain, strain rate, temperature and pressure dependence of the constitutive model.

  14. Bayesian Model Selection for LISA Pathfinder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikolaos Karnesis; Miquel Nofrarias; Carlos F. Sopuerta; Ferran Gibert; Michele Armano; Heather Audley; Giuseppe Congedo; Ingo Diepholz; Luigi Ferraioli; Martin Hewitson; Mauro Hueller; Natalia Korsakova; Eric Plagnol; and Stefano Vitale

    2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The main goal of the LISA Pathfinder (LPF) mission is to fully characterize the acceleration noise models and to test key technologies for future space-based gravitational-wave observatories similar to the eLISA concept. The data analysis team has developed complex three-dimensional models of the LISA Technology Package (LTP) experiment on-board LPF. These models are used for simulations, but more importantly, they will be used for parameter estimation purposes during flight operations. One of the tasks of the data analysis team is to identify the physical effects that contribute significantly to the properties of the instrument noise. A way of approaching this problem is to recover the essential parameters of a LTP model fitting the data. Thus, we want to define the simplest model that efficiently explains the observations. To do so, adopting a Bayesian framework, one has to estimate the so-called Bayes Factor between two competing models. In our analysis, we use three main different methods to estimate it: The Reversible Jump Markov Chain Monte Carlo method, the Schwarz criterion, and the Laplace approximation. They are applied to simulated LPF experiments where the most probable LTP model that explains the observations is recovered. The same type of analysis presented in this paper is expected to be followed during flight operations. Moreover, the correlation of the output of the aforementioned methods with the design of the experiment is explored.

  15. Final Report Coupling in silico microbial models with reactive transport models to predict the fate of contaminants in the subsurface.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lovley, Derek R.

    2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This project successfully accomplished its goal of coupling genome-scale metabolic models with hydrological and geochemical models to predict the activity of subsurface microorganisms during uranium bioremediation. Furthermore, it was demonstrated how this modeling approach can be used to develop new strategies to optimize bioremediation. The approach of coupling genome-scale metabolic models with reactive transport modeling is now well enough established that it has been adopted by other DOE investigators studying uranium bioremediation. Furthermore, the basic principles developed during our studies will be applicable to much broader investigations of microbial activities, not only for other types of bioremediation, but microbial metabolism in diversity of environments. This approach has the potential to make an important contribution to predicting the impact of environmental perturbations on the cycling of carbon and other biogeochemical cycles.

  16. Lifecycle Model

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This chapter describes the lifecycle model used for the Departmental software engineering methodology.

  17. An independent verification and validation of the Future Theater Level Model conceptual model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartley, D.S. III; Kruse, K.L.; Martellaro, A.J.; Packard, S.L.; Thomas, B. Jr.; Turley, V.K.

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the methodology and results of independent verification and validation performed on a combat model in its design stage. The combat model is the Future Theater Level Model (FTLM), under development by The Joint Staff/J-8. J-8 has undertaken its development to provide an analysis tool that addresses the uncertainties of combat more directly than previous models and yields more rapid study results. The methodology adopted for this verification and validation consisted of document analyses. Included were detailed examination of the FTLM design documents (at all stages of development), the FTLM Mission Needs Statement, and selected documentation for other theater level combat models. These documents were compared to assess the FTLM as to its design stage, its purpose as an analytical combat model, and its capabilities as specified in the Mission Needs Statement. The conceptual design passed those tests. The recommendations included specific modifications as well as a recommendation for continued development. The methodology is significant because independent verification and validation have not been previously reported as being performed on a combat model in its design stage. The results are significant because The Joint Staff/J-8 will be using the recommendations from this study in determining whether to proceed with develop of the model.

  18. XAL-Based Applications and Online Models for LCLS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chu, P.; Woodley, M.; Iverson, R.; Krejcik, P.; White, G.; Wu, J.; /SLAC; Gan, Q.; /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys.

    2009-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    XAL, a high-level accelerator application framework originally developed at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), Oak Ridge National Laboratory, has been adopted by the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) project. The work includes proper relational database schema modification to better suit XAL configuration data requirement, addition of new device types for LCLS online modeling purpose, longitudinal coordinate system change to better represent the LCLS electron beam rather than proton or ion beam in the original SNS XAL design, intensively benchmark with MAD and present SLC modeling system for the online model, and various new features to the XAL framework. Storing online model data in a relational database and providing universal access methods for other applications is also described here.

  19. Quantum billiards in multidimensional models with fields of forms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. D. Ivashchuk; V. N. Melnikov

    2014-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Bianchi type I cosmological model in (n+1)-dimensional gravity with several forms is considered. When the electric non-composite brane ansatz is adopted, the Wheeler-DeWitt (WDW) equation for the model, written in a conformally covariant form, is analyzed. Under certain restrictions, asymptotic solutions to the WDW equation near the singularity are found, which reduce the problem to the so-called quantum billiard on the (n-1)-dimensional Lobachevsky space H^{n-1}. Two examples of quantum billiards are considered: a 2-dimensional quantum billiard for a 4D model with three 2-forms and a 9D quantum billiard for an 11D model with 120 4-forms which mimics SM2-brane sector of D=11 supergravity. For certain solutions, vanishing of the wave function at the singularity is proved.

  20. Modeling Time in Computing: A Taxonomy and a Comparative Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlo A. Furia; Dino Mandrioli; Angelo Morzenti; Matteo Rossi

    2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The increasing relevance of areas such as real-time and embedded systems, pervasive computing, hybrid systems control, and biological and social systems modeling is bringing a growing attention to the temporal aspects of computing, not only in the computer science domain, but also in more traditional fields of engineering. This article surveys various approaches to the formal modeling and analysis of the temporal features of computer-based systems, with a level of detail that is suitable also for non-specialists. In doing so, it provides a unifying framework, rather than just a comprehensive list of formalisms. The paper first lays out some key dimensions along which the various formalisms can be evaluated and compared. Then, a significant sample of formalisms for time modeling in computing are presented and discussed according to these dimensions. The adopted perspective is, to some extent, historical, going from "traditional" models and formalisms to more modern ones.

  1. Construction of a Wilson action for the Wess-Zumino model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hidenori Sonoda; Kayhan Ulker

    2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct a Wilson action for the Wess-Zumino model by applying the exact renormalization group perturbatively. Using neither superfields nor auxiliary fields, we construct a supersymmetric action only with complex scalar and Majorana spinor fields. We adopt the BRST (antifield) formalism to show the consistency of the construction to all orders in loop expansions. The resulting action has a quadratically divergent scalar mass term which is absent in the superfield formalism.

  2. Comprehensive Evaluation Model of Building Energy Efficiency Based on Rough Sets Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, L.; Ruan, X.; Huang, J.; Li, Y.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of building the paper precedes energy evaluation. There is method of ambiguity synthesis evaluation chiefly, but ambiguity optimization model gets weight normalization indicator by adopting commonly expert evaluation or empirical evidence method, so... and Comfort, Vol. VI-3-1 The evaluation of building energy efficiency evaluation subentry index and establishment of reference grade table The value of building energy efficiency subentry index evaluation should be graded by authoritative experts...

  3. Efficient Nonlinear Optimization with Rigorous Models for Large Scale Industrial Chemical Processes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Yu

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    for future operations (years/months/weeks). Because this layer has a strong relationship with market, it is very important for managers and engineers to make planning and scheduling decisions with consideration of various customer satisfactions... managers with the tools necessary to evaluate the trade-off between short-term profitability and customer satisfaction in this level. In this dissertation, we adopt nonlinear programming formulations with rigorous models to handle energy cost...

  4. Essays in technology adoption and corporate finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, Pratish

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3 Form Follows Finance 3.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . 3.2Journal of Banking &; Finance 33.4, pp. 694 –700. Cochrane,of Investment”. In: Journal of Finance 61, pp. 139–170.

  5. Essays in technology adoption and corporate finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, Pratish

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A. Ankum (1993). “A Real Options and Game-Theoretic Approachteach my kid about “real options” and the associated optimalFelipe L. (2009). “Real Options, Product Market Competition,

  6. Biotechnology Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Midling, Michael B

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    emerging advancements in mobile technology o?er smaller, butof bene?cial mobile technologies. The most valuable andthe penetration of mobile technology to strengthen the

  7. 2011 Texas Jurisdiction Energy Code Adoption Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,000, is as follows: City Code Year Abilene 2000 Addison 2006 Allen 2006 Amarillo 2006 Angleton None Arlington 2003 Austin 2009 Baytown 2006 Beaumont 2009 Bedford 2000 Big Spring 2009 Borger 2006 Brownsville 2006 Bryan 2003 Burleson 2006 Carrollton... 2009 Cedar Hill 2006 Cedar Park 2009 Cleburne 2003 College Station 2009 Conroe 2000 Coppell 2006 Copperas Cove 2000 Corpus Christi 2003 Corsicana 2009 Dallas 2006 Deer Park 2006 Del Rio 2006 Denton 2006 Desoto 2009 ESL-TR-11-02-02 2011...

  8. Biotechnology Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Midling, Michael B

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Countries Seen Growing GM Crops. ” Reuters.com. Reutersof the largest introductions of GM crops on the continent.recently argued in favor of GM crops, saying that many of

  9. For Early Adopters | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdf Flash2006-52.pdf0.pdfDepartment of Energy's Financial Assistance forCost SavingsFor

  10. LED ADOPTION REPORT | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaeferApril 1, 1999 InspectionVolunteersKarenThis pageSeptember172ON THELED

  11. Greenhouse Gas Abatement with Distributed Generation in California's Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2020 S00 S/t of carbon mpared to CHP, PV a n d solar t h e rm a l as options in DE R-CAM only CHP as optioninDER-CAM CHP Capacity: 2.25 GW CHP Electricity: 10.05 TWh

  12. Fractured rock modeling in the National Waste Terminal Storage Program: a review of requirements and status

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    St. John, C.; Krug, A.; Key, S.; Monsees, J.

    1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Generalized computer codes capable of forming the basis for numerical models of fractured rock masses are being used within the NWTS program. Little additional development of these codes is considered justifiable, except in the area of representation of discrete fractures. On the other hand, model preparation requires definition of medium-specific constitutive descriptions and site characteristics and is therefore legitimately conducted by each of the media-oriented projects within the National Waste Terminal Storage program. However, it is essential that a uniform approach to the role of numerical modeling be adopted, including agreement upon the contribution of modeling to the design and licensing process and the need for, and means of, model qualification for particular purposes. This report discusses the role of numerical modeling, reviews the capabilities of several computer codes that are being used to support design or performance assessment, and proposes a framework for future numerical modeling activities within the NWTS program.

  13. Demographic noise and resilience in a semi-arid ecosystem model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Realpe-Gomez, John; Galla, Tobias; McKane, Alan J; Rietkerk, Max

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The scarcity of water characterizing drylands forces vegetation to adopt appropriate survival strategies. Some of these generate water-vegetation feedback mechanisms that can lead to spatial self-organisation of vegetation. To date these phenomena have mostly been studied with models representing plants by a density of biomass, varying continuously in time and space. Such models disregard the discrete nature of plant individuals and their intrinsically stochastic behaviour. These features give rise to demographic noise, which can influence the qualitative dynamics of ecosystem models. In the present work we explore the effects of demographic noise on the resilience of a model semi-arid ecosystem. We introduce a spatial stochastic eco-hydrological hybrid model in which plants are modelled as discrete entities subject to stochastic dynamical rules, while the dynamics of surface and soil water are described by continuous variables. The model has a deterministic approximation very similar to previous continuous m...

  14. Ventilation Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    H. Yang

    1999-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this analysis and model report (AMR) for the Ventilation Model is to analyze the effects of pre-closure continuous ventilation in the Engineered Barrier System (EBS) emplacement drifts and provide heat removal data to support EBS design. It will also provide input data (initial conditions, and time varying boundary conditions) for the EBS post-closure performance assessment and the EBS Water Distribution and Removal Process Model. The objective of the analysis is to develop, describe, and apply calculation methods and models that can be used to predict thermal conditions within emplacement drifts under forced ventilation during the pre-closure period. The scope of this analysis includes: (1) Provide a general description of effects and heat transfer process of emplacement drift ventilation. (2) Develop a modeling approach to simulate the impacts of pre-closure ventilation on the thermal conditions in emplacement drifts. (3) Identify and document inputs to be used for modeling emplacement ventilation. (4) Perform calculations of temperatures and heat removal in the emplacement drift. (5) Address general considerations of the effect of water/moisture removal by ventilation on the repository thermal conditions. The numerical modeling in this document will be limited to heat-only modeling and calculations. Only a preliminary assessment of the heat/moisture ventilation effects and modeling method will be performed in this revision. Modeling of moisture effects on heat removal and emplacement drift temperature may be performed in the future.

  15. Evaluation of potential crushed-salt constitutive models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Callahan, G.D.; Loken, M.C.; Sambeek, L.L. Van; Chen, R.; Pfeifle, T.W.; Nieland, J.D. [RE/SPEC Inc., Rapid City, SD (United States); Hansen, F.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Repository Isolation Systems Dept.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Constitutive models describing the deformation of crushed salt are presented in this report. Ten constitutive models with potential to describe the phenomenological and micromechanical processes for crushed salt were selected from a literature search. Three of these ten constitutive models, termed Sjaardema-Krieg, Zeuch, and Spiers models, were adopted as candidate constitutive models. The candidate constitutive models were generalized in a consistent manner to three-dimensional states of stress and modified to include the effects of temperature, grain size, and moisture content. A database including hydrostatic consolidation and shear consolidation tests conducted on Waste Isolation Pilot Plant and southeastern New Mexico salt was used to determine material parameters for the candidate constitutive models. Nonlinear least-squares model fitting to data from the hydrostatic consolidation tests, the shear consolidation tests, and a combination of the shear and hydrostatic tests produces three sets of material parameter values for the candidate models. The change in material parameter values from test group to test group indicates the empirical nature of the models. To evaluate the predictive capability of the candidate models, each parameter value set was used to predict each of the tests in the database. Based on the fitting statistics and the ability of the models to predict the test data, the Spiers model appeared to perform slightly better than the other two candidate models. The work reported here is a first-of-its kind evaluation of constitutive models for reconsolidation of crushed salt. Questions remain to be answered. Deficiencies in models and databases are identified and recommendations for future work are made. 85 refs.

  16. A SIMPLE MODEL FOR QUASAR DEMOGRAPHICS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Conroy, Charlie [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95060 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95060 (United States); White, Martin [Departments of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)] [Departments of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

    2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a simple model for the relationship between quasars, galaxies, and dark matter halos from 0.5 < z < 6. In the model, black hole (BH) mass is linearly related to galaxy mass, and galaxies are connected to dark matter halos via empirically constrained relations. A simple 'scattered' light bulb model for quasars is adopted, wherein BHs shine at a fixed fraction of the Eddington luminosity during accretion episodes, and Eddington ratios are drawn from a lognormal distribution that is redshift independent. This model has two free, physically meaningful parameters at each redshift: the normalization of the M {sub BH}-M {sub gal} relation and the quasar duty cycle; these parameters are fit to the observed quasar luminosity function (LF) over the interval 0.5 < z < 6. This simple model provides an excellent fit to the LF at all epochs and also successfully predicts the observed projected two-point correlation of quasars from 0.5 < z < 2.5. It is significant that a single quasar duty cycle at each redshift is capable of reproducing the extant observations. The data are therefore consistent with a scenario wherein quasars are equally likely to exist in galaxies, and therefore dark matter halos, over a wide range in masses. The knee in the quasar LF is a reflection of the knee in the stellar-mass-halo-mass relation. Future constraints on the quasar LF and quasar clustering at high redshift will provide strong constraints on the model. In the model, the autocorrelation function of quasars becomes a strong function of luminosity only at the very highest luminosities and will be difficult to observe because such quasars are so rare. Cross-correlation techniques may provide useful constraints on the bias of such rare objects. The simplicity of the model allows for rapid generation of quasar mock catalogs from N-body simulations that match the observed LF and clustering to high redshift.

  17. Ventilation Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    V. Chipman

    2002-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the Ventilation Model is to simulate the heat transfer processes in and around waste emplacement drifts during periods of forced ventilation. The model evaluates the effects of emplacement drift ventilation on the thermal conditions in the emplacement drifts and surrounding rock mass, and calculates the heat removal by ventilation as a measure of the viability of ventilation to delay the onset of peak repository temperature and reduce its magnitude. The heat removal by ventilation is temporally and spatially dependent, and is expressed as the fraction of heat carried away by the ventilation air compared to the fraction of heat produced by radionuclide decay. One minus the heat removal is called the wall heat fraction, or the remaining amount of heat that is transferred via conduction to the surrounding rock mass. Downstream models, such as the ''Multiscale Thermohydrologic Model'' (BSC 2001), use the wall heat fractions as outputted from the Ventilation Model to initialize their post-closure analyses. The Ventilation Model report was initially developed to analyze the effects of preclosure continuous ventilation in the Engineered Barrier System (EBS) emplacement drifts, and to provide heat removal data to support EBS design. Revision 00 of the Ventilation Model included documentation of the modeling results from the ANSYS-based heat transfer model. The purposes of Revision 01 of the Ventilation Model are: (1) To validate the conceptual model for preclosure ventilation of emplacement drifts and verify its numerical application in accordance with new procedural requirements as outlined in AP-SIII-10Q, Models (Section 7.0). (2) To satisfy technical issues posed in KTI agreement RDTME 3.14 (Reamer and Williams 2001a). Specifically to demonstrate, with respect to the ANSYS ventilation model, the adequacy of the discretization (Section 6.2.3.1), and the downstream applicability of the model results (i.e. wall heat fractions) to initialize post-closure thermal models (Section 6.6). (3) To satisfy the remainder of KTI agreement TEF 2.07 (Reamer and Williams 2001b). Specifically to provide the results of post-test ANSYS modeling of the Atlas Facility forced convection tests (Section 7.1.2). This portion of the model report also serves as a validation exercise per AP-SIII.10Q, Models, for the ANSYS ventilation model. (4) To further satisfy KTI agreements RDTME 3.01 and 3.14 (Reamer and Williams 2001a) by providing the source documentation referred to in the KTI Letter Report, ''Effect of Forced Ventilation on Thermal-Hydrologic Conditions in the Engineered Barrier System and Near Field Environment'' (Williams 2002). Specifically to provide the results of the MULTIFLUX model which simulates the coupled processes of heat and mass transfer in and around waste emplacement drifts during periods of forced ventilation. This portion of the model report is presented as an Alternative Conceptual Model with a numerical application, and also provides corroborative results used for model validation purposes (Section 6.3 and 6.4).

  18. Evolutionary Tuning of Building Models to Monthly Electrical Consumption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrett, Aaron [Jacksonville State University] [Jacksonville State University; New, Joshua Ryan [ORNL] [ORNL; Chandler, Theodore [Jacksonville State University] [Jacksonville State University

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building energy models of existing buildings are unreliable unless calibrated so they correlate well with actual energy usage. Calibrating models is costly because it is currently an art which requires significant manual effort by an experienced and skilled professional. An automated methodology could significantly decrease this cost and facilitate greater adoption of energy simulation capabilities into the marketplace. The Autotune project is a novel methodology which leverages supercomputing, large databases of simulation data, and machine learning to allow automatic calibration of simulations to match measured experimental data on commodity hardware. This paper shares initial results from the automated methodology applied to the calibration of building energy models (BEM) for EnergyPlus (E+) to reproduce measured monthly electrical data.

  19. Models used to assess the performance of photovoltaic systems.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stein, Joshua S.; Klise, Geoffrey T.

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the various photovoltaic (PV) performance models and software developed and utilized by researchers at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) in support of the Photovoltaics and Grid Integration Department. In addition to PV performance models, hybrid system and battery storage models are discussed. A hybrid system using other distributed sources and energy storage can help reduce the variability inherent in PV generation, and due to the complexity of combining multiple generation sources and system loads, these models are invaluable for system design and optimization. Energy storage plays an important role in reducing PV intermittency and battery storage models are used to understand the best configurations and technologies to store PV generated electricity. Other researcher's models used by SNL are discussed including some widely known models that incorporate algorithms developed at SNL. There are other models included in the discussion that are not used by or were not adopted from SNL research but may provide some benefit to researchers working on PV array performance, hybrid system models and energy storage. The paper is organized into three sections to describe the different software models as applied to photovoltaic performance, hybrid systems, and battery storage. For each model, there is a description which includes where to find the model, whether it is currently maintained and any references that may be available. Modeling improvements underway at SNL include quantifying the uncertainty of individual system components, the overall uncertainty in modeled vs. measured results and modeling large PV systems. SNL is also conducting research into the overall reliability of PV systems.

  20. A general three-state model with biased population replacement: analytical solution and application to language dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colaiori, Francesca; Cuskley, Christine F; Loreto, Vittorio; Pugliese, Martina; Tria, Francesca

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Empirical evidence shows that the rate of irregular usage of English verbs exhibits discontinuity as a function of their frequency: the most frequent verbs tend to be totally irregular. We aim to qualitatively understand the origin of this feature by studying simple agent--based models of language dynamics, where each agent adopts an inflectional state for a verb and may change it upon interaction with other agents. At the same time, agents are replaced at some rate by new agents adopting the regular form. In models with only two inflectional states (regular and irregular), we observe that either all verbs regularize irrespective of their frequency, or a continuous transition occurs between a low frequency state where the lemma becomes fully regular, and a high frequency one where both forms coexist. Introducing a third (mixed) state, wherein agents may use either form, we find that a third, qualitatively different behavior may emerge, namely, a discontinuous transition in frequency. We introduce and solve an...

  1. OSPREY Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veronica J. Rutledge

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The absence of industrial scale nuclear fuel reprocessing in the U.S. has precluded the necessary driver for developing the advanced simulation capability now prevalent in so many other countries. Thus, it is essential to model complex series of unit operations to simulate, understand, and predict inherent transient behavior and feedback loops. A capability of accurately simulating the dynamic behavior of advanced fuel cycle separation processes will provide substantial cost savings and many technical benefits. The specific fuel cycle separation process discussed in this report is the off-gas treatment system. The off-gas separation consists of a series of scrubbers and adsorption beds to capture constituents of interest. Dynamic models are being developed to simulate each unit operation involved so each unit operation can be used as a stand-alone model and in series with multiple others. Currently, an adsorption model has been developed within Multi-physics Object Oriented Simulation Environment (MOOSE) developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). Off-gas Separation and REcoverY (OSPREY) models the adsorption of off-gas constituents for dispersed plug flow in a packed bed under non-isothermal and non-isobaric conditions. Inputs to the model include gas, sorbent, and column properties, equilibrium and kinetic data, and inlet conditions. The simulation outputs component concentrations along the column length as a function of time from which breakthrough data is obtained. The breakthrough data can be used to determine bed capacity, which in turn can be used to size columns. It also outputs temperature along the column length as a function of time and pressure drop along the column length. Experimental data and parameters were input into the adsorption model to develop models specific for krypton adsorption. The same can be done for iodine, xenon, and tritium. The model will be validated with experimental breakthrough curves. Customers will be given access to OSPREY to used and evaluate the model.

  2. Sandia Energy - Systems Modeling

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Simulation Model Energy, Power & Water Simulation Model SunCity Model Water, Energy and Carbon Sequestration Model Gila Basin-Az Water Settlement Model Electrical Grid Storage...

  3. Exclusive $B \\to PV $ Decays and CP Violation in the General two-Higgs-doublet Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. L. Wu; C. Zhuang

    2007-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate all the branching ratios and direct CP violations of $B \\to PV$ decays in a most general two-Higgs-doublet model with spontaneous CP violation. As the model has rich CP-violating sources, it is shown that the new physics effects to direct CP violations and branching ratios in some channels can be significant when adopting the generalized factorization approach to evaluate the hadronic matrix elements, which provides good signals for probing new physics beyond the SM in the future B experiments.

  4. Calculation of delayed-neutron energy spectra in a QRPA-Hauser-Feshbach model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kawano, Toshihiko [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Moller, Peter [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wilson, William B [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Theoretical {beta}-delayed-neutron spectra are calculated based on the Quasiparticle Random-Phase Approximation (QRPA) and the Hauser-Feshbach statistical model. Neutron emissions from an excited daughter nucleus after {beta} decay to the granddaughter residual are more accurately calculated than in previous evaluations, including all the microscopic nuclear structure information, such as a Gamow-Teller strength distribution and discrete states in the granddaughter. The calculated delayed-neutron spectra agree reasonably well with those evaluations in the ENDF decay library, which are based on experimental data. The model was adopted to generate the delayed-neutron spectra for all 271 precursors.

  5. Documentation of a Model Action Plan to Deter Illicit Nuclear Trafficking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, D; Kristo, M; Niemeyer, S; Dudder, G

    2006-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Theft, illegal possession, smuggling, or attempted unauthorized sale of nuclear and radiological materials remains a worldwide problem. The Nuclear Smuggling International Technical Working Group (ITWG) has adopted a model action plan to guide investigation of these cases through a systematic approach to nuclear forensics. The model action plan was recently documented and provides recommendations concerning incident response, collection of evidence in conformance with required legal standards, laboratory sampling and distribution of samples, radioactive materials analysis, including categorization and characterization of samples, forensics analysis of conventional evidence, and case development including interpretation of forensic signatures.

  6. Documentation of a model action plan to deter illicit nuclear trafficking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, D. K.; Kristo, M. J.; Niemeyer, S.; Dudder, Gordon B.

    2008-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Theft, illegal possession, smuggling, or attempted unathorized sale of nuclear and radiological materials remains a worldwide problem. The Nuclear Smuggling International Technical Working Group (ITWG) has adopted a model action plan to guide investigation of these cases through a systematic approach to nuclear forensics. The model action plan was recently documented and provides recommendations concerning incident response, collection of evidence in conformance with required legal standards, laboratory sampling and distribution of samples, radioactive materials analysis, including categorization and characterization of samples, forensics analysis of conventional evidence, and case development including interpretation of forensic signatures.

  7. Modeling Quality Information within Business Process Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paech, Barbara

    Modeling Quality Information within Business Process Models Robert Heinrich, Alexander Kappe. Business process models are a useful means to document information about structure and behavior literature and tool survey on modeling quality information within business process models. Keywords: Business

  8. Modeling Arcs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Insepov, Z.; Norem, J. [Argonne National Lab, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Vetizer, S.; Mahalingam, S. [Tech-X Corp., Boulder, CO (United States)

    2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Although vacuum arcs were first identified over 110 years ago, they are not yet well understood. We have since developed a model of breakdown and gradient limits that tries to explain, in a self-consistent way: arc triggering, plasma initiation, plasma evolution, surface damage and gradient limits. We use simple PIC codes for modeling plasmas, molecular dynamics for modeling surface breakdown, and surface damage, and mesoscale surface thermodynamics and finite element electrostatic codes for to evaluate surface properties. Since any given experiment seems to have more variables than data points, we have tried to consider a wide variety of arcing (rf structures, e beam welding, laser ablation, etc.) to help constrain the problem, and concentrate on common mechanisms. While the mechanisms can be comparatively simple, modeling can be challenging.

  9. Programming models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel, David J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mc Pherson, Allen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Thorp, John R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Barrett, Richard [SNL; Clay, Robert [SNL; De Supinski, Bronis [LLNL; Dube, Evi [LLNL; Heroux, Mike [SNL; Janssen, Curtis [SNL; Langer, Steve [LLNL; Laros, Jim [SNL

    2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A programming model is a set of software technologies that support the expression of algorithms and provide applications with an abstract representation of the capabilities of the underlying hardware architecture. The primary goals are productivity, portability and performance.

  10. LEDCOM Model

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Zip file containing the LEDCOM model as an excel worksheet, the backend database, and an operating information document. Extract all files to the same local directory on your computer.

  11. Observational constraints on Visser's cosmological model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alves, M. E. S.; Araujo, J. C. N. de; Miranda, O. D.; Wuensche, C. A. [INPE - Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais - Divisao de Astrofisica, Av.dos Astronautas 1758, Sao Jose dos Campos, 12227-010 SP (Brazil); Carvalho, F. C. [INPE - Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais - Divisao de Astrofisica, Av.dos Astronautas 1758, Sao Jose dos Campos, 12227-010 SP (Brazil); UERN - Universidade do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Mossoro, 59610-210, RN (Brazil); Santos, E. M. [UFRJ - Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, 21945-970, RJ (Brazil)

    2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Theories of gravity for which gravitons can be treated as massive particles have presently been studied as realistic modifications of general relativity, and can be tested with cosmological observations. In this work, we study the ability of a recently proposed theory with massive gravitons, the so-called Visser theory, to explain the measurements of luminosity distance from the Union2 compilation, the most recent Type-Ia Supernovae (SNe Ia) data set, adopting the current ratio of the total density of nonrelativistic matter to the critical density ({Omega}{sub m}) as a free parameter. We also combine the SNe Ia data with constraints from baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) and cosmic microwave background (CMB) measurements. We find that, for the allowed interval of values for {Omega}{sub m}, a model based on Visser's theory can produce an accelerated expansion period without any dark energy component, but the combined analysis (SNe Ia+BAO+CMB) shows that the model is disfavored when compared with the {Lambda}CDM model.

  12. Model systems This year's model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raines, Ronald T.

    @biochem.wisc.edu RTR received ScB degrees in chemistry and biology from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology that initially inspired the chemical simplification. In such cases, the later stages of model studies can seem

  13. Building relativistic mean field models for finite nuclei and neutron stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei-Chia Chen; J. Piekarewicz

    2014-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Background: Theoretical approaches based on density functional theory provide the only tractable method to incorporate the wide range of densities and isospin asymmetries required to describe finite nuclei, infinite nuclear matter, and neutron stars. Purpose: A relativistic energy density functional (EDF) is developed to address the complexity of such diverse nuclear systems. Moreover, a statistical perspective is adopted to describe the information content of various physical observables. Methods: We implement the model optimization by minimizing a suitably constructed chi-square objective function using various properties of finite nuclei and neutron stars. The minimization is then supplemented by a covariance analysis that includes both uncertainty estimates and correlation coefficients. Results: A new model, FSUGold2, is created that can well reproduce the ground-state properties of finite nuclei, their monopole response, and that accounts for the maximum neutron star mass observed up to date. In particular, the model predicts both a stiff symmetry energy and a soft equation of state for symmetric nuclear matter--suggesting a fairly large neutron-skin thickness in Pb208 and a moderate value of the nuclear incompressibility. Conclusions: We conclude that without any meaningful constraint on the isovector sector, relativistic EDFs will continue to predict significantly large neutron skins. However, the calibration scheme adopted here is flexible enough to create models with different assumptions on various observables. Such a scheme--properly supplemented by a covariance analysis--provides a powerful tool to identify the critical measurements required to place meaningful constraints on theoretical models.

  14. User Defined Data in the New Analysis Model of the BaBar Experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Nardo, G.

    2005-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The BaBar experiment has recently revised its Analysis Model. One of the key ingredient of BaBar new Analysis Model is the support of the capability to add to the Event Store user defined data, which can be the output of complex computations performed at an advanced stage of a physics analysis, and are associated to analysis objects. In order to provide flexibility and extensibility with respect to object types, template generic programming has been adopted. In this way the model is non-intrusive with respect to reconstruction and analysis objects it manages, not requiring changes in their interfaces and implementations. Technological details are hidden as much as possible to the user, providing a simple interface. In this paper we present some of the limitations of the old model and how they are addressed by the new Analysis Model.

  15. Web Services-Enhanced Agile Modeling and Integrating Business Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belouadha, Fatima-Zahra; Roudiès, Ounsa

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a global business context with continuous changes, the enterprises have to enhance their operational efficiency, to react more quickly, to ensure the flexibility of their business processes, and to build new collaboration pathways with external partners. To achieve this goal, they must use e-business methods, mechanisms and techniques while capitalizing on the potential of new information and communication technologies. In this context, we propose a standards, model and Web services-based approach for modeling and integrating agile enterprise business processes. The purpose is to benefit from Web services characteristics to enhance the processes design and realize their dynamic integration. The choice of focusing on Web services is essentially justified by their broad adoption by enterprises as well as their capability to warranty interoperability between both intra and inter-enterprises systems. Thereby, we propose in this chapter a metamodel for describing business processes, and discuss their dynamic in...

  16. ISDAC Modeling

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh School footballHydrogen andHypernucleiNORTHWESTOfficeModeling Modeling

  17. Modelling osteomyelitis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liò, Pietro; Paoletti, Nicola; Moni, Mohammad A; Atwell, Kathryn; Merelli, Emanuela; Viceconti, Marco

    2012-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    13 of 14 12. Paoletti N, Lio P, Merelli E, Viceconti M: Multi-level Computational Modeling and Quantitative Analysis of Bone Remodeling. IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics 2012, 99(PrePrints). 13. Geris L, Vander Sloten...

  18. Criticality Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A. Alsaed

    2004-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The ''Disposal Criticality Analysis Methodology Topical Report'' (YMP 2003) presents the methodology for evaluating potential criticality situations in the monitored geologic repository. As stated in the referenced Topical Report, the detailed methodology for performing the disposal criticality analyses will be documented in model reports. Many of the models developed in support of the Topical Report differ from the definition of models as given in the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management procedure AP-SIII.10Q, ''Models'', in that they are procedural, rather than mathematical. These model reports document the detailed methodology necessary to implement the approach presented in the Disposal Criticality Analysis Methodology Topical Report and provide calculations utilizing the methodology. Thus, the governing procedure for this type of report is AP-3.12Q, ''Design Calculations and Analyses''. The ''Criticality Model'' is of this latter type, providing a process evaluating the criticality potential of in-package and external configurations. The purpose of this analysis is to layout the process for calculating the criticality potential for various in-package and external configurations and to calculate lower-bound tolerance limit (LBTL) values and determine range of applicability (ROA) parameters. The LBTL calculations and the ROA determinations are performed using selected benchmark experiments that are applicable to various waste forms and various in-package and external configurations. The waste forms considered in this calculation are pressurized water reactor (PWR), boiling water reactor (BWR), Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF), Training Research Isotope General Atomic (TRIGA), Enrico Fermi, Shippingport pressurized water reactor, Shippingport light water breeder reactor (LWBR), N-Reactor, Melt and Dilute, and Fort Saint Vrain Reactor spent nuclear fuel (SNF). The scope of this analysis is to document the criticality computational method. The criticality computational method will be used for evaluating the criticality potential of configurations of fissionable materials (in-package and external to the waste package) within the repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada for all waste packages/waste forms. The criticality computational method is also applicable to preclosure configurations. The criticality computational method is a component of the methodology presented in ''Disposal Criticality Analysis Methodology Topical Report'' (YMP 2003). How the criticality computational method fits in the overall disposal criticality analysis methodology is illustrated in Figure 1 (YMP 2003, Figure 3). This calculation will not provide direct input to the total system performance assessment for license application. It is to be used as necessary to determine the criticality potential of configuration classes as determined by the configuration probability analysis of the configuration generator model (BSC 2003a).

  19. Sandia National Laboratories: Modeling

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mark Boslough Featured in NOVA Special about the Chelyabinsk Meteor On April 3, 2013, in Capabilities, Computational Modeling & Simulation, Modeling, Modeling, Modeling & Analysis,...

  20. Ash plume properties retrieved from infrared images: a forward and inverse modeling approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerminara, Matteo; Valade, Sébastien; Harris, Andrew J L

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a coupled fluid-dynamic and electromagnetic model for volcanic ash plumes. In a forward approach, the model is able to simulate the plume dynamics from prescribed input flow conditions and generate the corresponding synthetic thermal infrared (TIR) image, allowing a comparison with field-based observations. An inversion procedure is then developed to retrieve ash plume properties from TIR images. The adopted fluid-dynamic model is based on a one-dimensional, stationary description of a self-similar (top-hat) turbulent plume, for which an asymptotic analytical solution is obtained. The electromagnetic emission/absorption model is based on the Schwarzschild's equation and on Mie's theory for disperse particles, assuming that particles are coarser than the radiation wavelength and neglecting scattering. [...] Application of the inversion procedure to an ash plume at Santiaguito volcano (Guatemala) has allowed us to retrieve the main plume input parameters, namely the initial radius $b_0$, velocity $U_...

  1. Aerosol Resuspension Model for MELCOR for Fusion and Very High Temperature Reactor Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    B.J. Merrill

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dust is generated in fusion reactors from plasma erosion of plasma facing components within the reactor’s vacuum vessel (VV) during reactor operation. This dust collects in cooler regions on interior surfaces of the VV. Because this dust can be radioactive, toxic, and/or chemically reactive, it poses a safety concern, especially if mobilized by the process of resuspension during an accident and then transported as an aerosol though out the reactor confinement building, and possibly released to the environment. A computer code used at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to model aerosol transport for safety consequence analysis is the MELCOR code. A primary reason for selecting MELCOR for this application is its aerosol transport capabilities. The INL Fusion Safety Program (FSP) organization has made fusion specific modifications to MELCOR. Recent modifications include the implementation of aerosol resuspension models in MELCOR 1.8.5 for Fusion. This paper presents the resuspension models adopted and the initial benchmarking of these models.

  2. Calculation of delayed-neutron energy spectra in a quasiparticle random-phase approximation-Hauser-Feshbach model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kawano, T.; Moeller, P.; Wilson, W. B. [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

    2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Theoretical {beta}-delayed-neutron spectra are calculated based on the Quasiparticle Random-Phase Approximation (QRPA) and the Hauser-Feshbach statistical model. Neutron emissions from an excited daughter nucleus after {beta} decay to the granddaughter residual are more accurately calculated than in previous evaluations, including all the microscopic nuclear structure information, such as a Gamow-Teller strength distribution and discrete states in the granddaughter. The calculated delayed-neutron spectra agree reasonably well with those evaluations in the ENDF decay library, which are based on experimental data. The model was adopted to generate the delayed-neutron spectra for all 271 precursors.

  3. Translating Model Simulators to Analysis Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lara, Juan

    Translating Model Simulators to Analysis Models Juan de Lara1 and Hans Vangheluwe2 1 Polytechnic generation of model-to-model transformations given a description of the operational semantics of the source of operational triple graph grammar rules that transform the static information (initial model) and the dynamics

  4. Graphical models, causal inference, and econometric models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spirtes, Peter

    Graphical models, causal inference, and econometric models Peter Spirtes Abstract A graphical model modeling has historical ties to causal modeling in econometrics and other social sciences, there have been isolated from the econometric tradition. In this paper I will describe a number of recent developments

  5. The ARPA-E Innovation Model: A Glimpse into the Future of Automotive Battery Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gur, Ilan (Program Director and Senior Advisor, ARPA-E) [Program Director and Senior Advisor, ARPA-E

    2014-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) focuses on funding game-changing R&D aimed at reducing U.S. foreign energy dependence and emissions. ARPA-E has made a strong commitment to support breakthrough energy storage technologies that can accelerate the mass adoption of electrified vehicles. This presentation will highlight the range of ARPA-E's efforts in this area, offering a glimpse into the ARPA-E innovation model and the future of automotive battery technology.

  6. Quantum Cournot equilibrium for the Hotelling-Smithies model of product choice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramij Rahaman; Priyadarshi Majumdar; B. Basu

    2012-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper demonstrates the quantization of a spatial Cournot duopoly model with product choice, a two stage game focusing on non-cooperation in locations and quantities. With quantization, the players can access a continuous set of strategies, using continuous variable quantum mechanical approach. The presence of quantum entanglement in the initial state identifies a quantity equilibrium for every location pair choice with any transport cost. Also higher profit is obtained by the firms at Nash equilibrium. Adoption of quantum strategies rewards us by the existence of a larger quantum strategic space at equilibrium.

  7. The ARPA-E Innovation Model: A Glimpse into the Future of Automotive Battery Technology

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Gur, Ilan (Program Director and Senior Advisor, ARPA-E)

    2014-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) focuses on funding game-changing R&D aimed at reducing U.S. foreign energy dependence and emissions. ARPA-E has made a strong commitment to support breakthrough energy storage technologies that can accelerate the mass adoption of electrified vehicles. This presentation will highlight the range of ARPA-E's efforts in this area, offering a glimpse into the ARPA-E innovation model and the future of automotive battery technology.

  8. Deciphering the details of RNA aminoglycoside interactions: from atomistic models to biotechnological applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ilgu, Muslum

    2012-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A detailed study was done of the neomycin-B RNA aptamer for determining its selectivity and binding ability to both neomycin– and kanamycin-class aminoglycosides. A novel method to increase drug concentrations in cells for more efficiently killing is described. To test the method, a bacterial model system was adopted and several small RNA molecules interacting with aminoglycosides were cloned downstream of T7 RNA polymerase promoter in an expression vector. Then, the growth analysis of E. coli expressing aptamers was observed for 12-hour period. Our analysis indicated that aptamers helped to increase the intracellular concentration of aminoglycosides thereby increasing their efficacy.

  9. Common Correlated Effects Estimation of Heterogeneous Dynamic Panel Data Models with Weakly Exogenous Regressors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pesaran, Hashem; Chudik, Alexander

    2013-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ; , xi` = x` + #17;i; x`, #17;i; x` #24; IIDN #0; 0; #27;2 x` #1; , gi` = g` + #17;i; g`, #17;i; g` #24; IIDN #0; 0; #27;2 g` #1; for ` = 1; 2; ::;m; and i = 1; 2; :::; N . Also, without loss of generality, the factor loadings are calibrated so that V... , are generated to be heteroskedastic and weakly cross- sectionally dependent. Speci?cally, we adopt the following spatial autoregressive model (SAR) to generate "t = ("1t; "2t; :::; "Nt)0: "t = a"S""t + e"t, (39) 19 where the elements of e"t are drawn as IIDN #0...

  10. Stellar models with the ML2 theory of convection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Salaris; S. Cassisi

    2008-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The mixing length theory (MLT) used to compute the temperature gradient in superadiabatic layers of stellar (interior and atmosphere) models contains in its standard form 4 free parameters. Three parameters are fixed a priori (and define what we denote as the MLT 'flavour') whereas one (the so-called mixing length) is calibrated by reproducing observational constraints. The 'classical' B\\"ohm-Vitense flavour is used in all modern MLT-based stellar model computations and, despite its crude approximations, the resulting $T_{eff}$ scale appears -- perhaps surprisingly -- remarkably realistic, once the mixing length parameter is calibrated with a solar model. Model atmosphere computations employ parameter choices different from what is used in stellar interior modelling, raising the question of whether a single MLT flavour and mixing length value can be used to compute interiors and atmospheres of stars of all types. As a first step towards addressing this issue, we study whether the MLT flavour (the so-called ML2) and mixing length choice that have been proven adequate to model white dwarf atmospheres, is able to provide, when used in stellar models, results at least comparable to the use of the 'classical' B\\"ohm-Vitense flavour. We have computed solar models and evolutionary tracks for both low- and intermediate-mass Population I and II stars, adopting both solar calibrated B\\"ohm-Vitense and ML2 flavours of the MLT in our stellar evolution code, and state-of-the-art input physics. The two sets of models provide consistent results, with only minor differences. Both calibrations reproduce also the $T_{eff}$ of red giants in a sample of Galactic globular clusters.

  11. Modelling intonational structure using hidden markov models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Helen; Taylor, Paul A

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is introduced for using hidden Markov models (HMMs) to model intonational structure. HMMs are probabilistic and can capture the variability in structure which previous finite state network models lack. We show ...

  12. Documentation, User Support, and Verification of Wind Turbine and Plant Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert Zavadil; Vadim Zheglov; Yuriy Kazachkov; Bo Gong; Juan Sanchez; Jun Li

    2012-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the Utility Wind Energy Integration Group (UWIG) and EnerNex's Wind Turbine Modeling Project, EnerNex has received ARRA (federal stimulus) funding through the Department of Energy (DOE) to further the progress of wind turbine and wind plant models. Despite the large existing and planned wind generation deployment, industry-standard models for wind generation have not been formally adopted. Models commonly provided for interconnection studies are not adequate for use in general transmission planning studies, where public, non-proprietary, documented and validated models are needed. NERC MOD (North American Electric Reliability Corporation) reliability standards require that power flow and dynamics models be provided, in accordance with regional requirements and procedures. The goal of this project is to accelerate the appropriate use of generic wind turbine models for transmission network analysis by: (1) Defining proposed enhancements to the generic wind turbine model structures that would allow representation of more advanced; (2) Comparative testing of the generic models against more detailed (and sometimes proprietary) versions developed by turbine vendors; (3) Developing recommended parameters for the generic models to best mimic the performance of specific commercial wind turbines; (4) Documenting results of the comparative simulations in an application guide for users; (5) Conducting technology transfer activities in regional workshops for dissemination of knowledge and information gained, and to engage electric power and wind industry personnel in the project while underway; (6) Designing of a "living" homepage to establish an online resource for transmission planners.

  13. Modeling Traffic Flow Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappiello, Alessandra

    2002-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The main topic of this thesis is the development of light-duty vehicle dynamic emission models and their integration with dynamic traffic models. Combined, these models

  14. Hydrologic Modeling Capabilities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Management Programs has both experience and technical knowledge to use and develop Earth systems models. Hydrological Modeling Models are simplified representations of...

  15. Fully microscopic shell-model calculations with realistic effective hamiltonians

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Coraggio; A. Covello; A. Gargano; N. Itaco; T. T. S. Kuo

    2011-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The advent of nucleon-nucleon potentials derived from chiral perturbation theory, as well as the so-called V-low-k approach to the renormalization of the strong short-range repulsion contained in the potentials, have brought renewed interest in realistic shell-model calculations. Here we focus on calculations where a fully microscopic approach is adopted. No phenomenological input is needed in these calculations, because single-particle energies, matrix elements of the two-body interaction, and matrix elements of the electromagnetic multipole operators are derived theoretically. This has been done within the framework of the time-dependent degenerate linked-diagram perturbation theory. We present results for some nuclei in different mass regions. These evidence the ability of realistic effective hamiltonians to provide an accurate description of nuclear structure properties.

  16. Fully microscopic shell-model calculations with realistic effective hamiltonians

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coraggio, L; Gargano, A; Itaco, N; Kuo, T T S

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The advent of nucleon-nucleon potentials derived from chiral perturbation theory, as well as the so-called V-low-k approach to the renormalization of the strong short-range repulsion contained in the potentials, have brought renewed interest in realistic shell-model calculations. Here we focus on calculations where a fully microscopic approach is adopted. No phenomenological input is needed in these calculations, because single-particle energies, matrix elements of the two-body interaction, and matrix elements of the electromagnetic multipole operators are derived theoretically. This has been done within the framework of the time-dependent degenerate linked-diagram perturbation theory. We present results for some nuclei in different mass regions. These evidence the ability of realistic effective hamiltonians to provide an accurate description of nuclear structure properties.

  17. Models for evaluation of energy technology and policy options to maximize low carbon source penetration in the United States energy supply.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pickard, Paul S.; Kataoka, Dawn; Reno, Marissa Devan; Malczynski, Leonard A.; Peplinski, William J.; Roach, Jesse D.; Brainard, James Robert; West, Todd H.; Schoenwald, David Alan

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An initial version of a Systems Dynamics (SD) modeling framework was developed for the analysis of a broad range of energy technology and policy questions. The specific question selected to demonstrate this process was 'what would be the carbon and import implications of expanding nuclear electric capacity to provide power for plug in hybrid vehicles?' Fifteen SNL SD energy models were reviewed and the US Energy and Greenhouse gas model (USEGM) and the Global Nuclear Futures model (GEFM) were identified as the basis for an initial modeling framework. A basic U.S. Transportation model was created to model U.S. fleet changes. The results of the rapid adoption scenario result in almost 40% of light duty vehicles being PHEV by 2040 which requires about 37 GWy/y of additional electricity demand, equivalent to about 25 new 1.4 GWe nuclear plants. The adoption rate of PHEVs would likely be the controlling factor in achieving the associated reduction in carbon emissions and imports.

  18. The Power of a Good Idea: Quantitative Modeling of the Spread of Ideas from Epidemiological Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bettencourt, L. M. A. (LANL); Cintron-Arias, A. (Cornell University); Kaiser, D. I. (MIT); Castillo-Chavez, C. (Arizona State University)

    2005-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The population dynamics underlying the diffusion of ideas hold many qualitative similarities to those involved in the spread of infections. In spite of much suggestive evidence this analogy is hardly ever quantified in useful ways. The standard benefit of modeling epidemics is the ability to estimate quantitatively population average parameters, such as interpersonal contact rates, incubation times, duration of infectious periods, etc. In most cases such quantities generalize naturally to the spread of ideas and provide a simple means of quantifying sociological and behavioral patterns. Here we apply several paradigmatic models of epidemics to empirical data on the advent and spread of Feynman diagrams through the theoretical physics communities of the USA, Japan, and the USSR in the period immediately after World War II. This test case has the advantage of having been studied historically in great detail, which allows validation of our results. We estimate the effectiveness of adoption of the idea in the three communities and find values for parameters reflecting both intentional social organization and long lifetimes for the idea. These features are probably general characteristics of the spread of ideas, but not of common epidemics.

  19. Evolutionary models for cool brown dwarfs and extrasolar giant planets. The case of HD 20945

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. Baraffe; G. Chabrier; T. Barman; F. Allard; P. H. Hauschildt

    2003-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We present evolutionary models for cool brown dwarfs and extra-solar giant planets. The models reproduce the main trends of observed methane dwarfs in near-IR color-magnitude diagrams. We also present evolutionary models for irradiated planets, coupling for the first time irradiated atmosphere profiles and inner structures. We focus on HD 209458-like systems and show that irradiation effects can substantially affect the radius of sub-jovian mass giant planets. Irradiation effects, however, cannot alone explain the large observed radius of HD 209458b. Adopting assumptions which optimise irradiation effects and taking into account the extension of the outer atmospheric layers, we still find $\\sim$ 20% discrepancy between observed and theoretical radii. An extra source of energy seems to be required to explain the observed value of the first transit planet.

  20. A localised subgrid scale model for fluid dynamical simulations in astrophysics I: Theory and numerical tests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, W; Niemeyer, J C

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a one-equation subgrid scale model that evolves the turbulence energy corresponding to unresolved velocity fluctuations in large eddy simulations. The model is derived in the context of the Germano consistent decomposition of the hydrodynamical equations. The eddy-viscosity closure for the rate of energy transfer from resolved toward subgrid scales is localised by means of a dynamical procedure for the computation of the closure parameter. Therefore, the subgrid scale model applies to arbitrary flow geometry and evolution. For the treatment of microscopic viscous dissipation a semi-statistical approach is used, and the gradient-diffusion hypothesis is adopted for turbulent transport. A priori tests of the localised eddy-viscosity closure and the gradient-diffusion closure are made by analysing data from direct numerical simulations. As an a posteriori testing case, the large eddy simulation of thermonuclear combustion in forced isotropic turbulence is discussed. We intend the formulation of the sub...

  1. I&C Modeling in SPAR Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John A. Schroeder

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Standardized Plant Analysis Risk (SPAR) models for the U.S. commercial nuclear power plants currently have very limited instrumentation and control (I&C) modeling [1]. Most of the I&C components in the operating plant SPAR models are related to the reactor protection system. This was identified as a finding during the industry peer review of SPAR models. While the Emergency Safeguard Features (ESF) actuation and control system was incorporated into the Peach Bottom Unit 2 SPAR model in a recent effort [2], various approaches to expend resources for detailed I&C modeling in other SPAR models are investigated.

  2. Modeling the surface temperature of Earth-like planets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladilo, G; Murante, G; Filippi, L; Provenzale, A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a novel Earth-like planet surface temperature model (ESTM) for habitability studies based on the spatial-temporal distribution of planetary surface temperatures. The ESTM adopts a surface Energy Balance Model complemented by: radiative-convective atmospheric column calculations, a set of physically-based parameterizations of meridional transport, and descriptions of surface and cloud properties more refined than in standard EBMs. The parameterization is valid for rotating terrestrial planets with shallow atmospheres and moderate values of axis obliquity (epsilon >= 45^o). Comparison with a 3D model of atmospheric dynamics from the literature shows that the equator-to-pole temperature differences predicted by the two models agree within ~5K when the rotation rate, insolation, surface pressure and planet radius are varied in the intervals 0.5 <= Omega/Omega_o <= 2, 0.75 <= S/S_o <= 1.25, 0.3 <= p/(1 bar) <= 10, and 0.5 <= R/R_o <= 2, respectively. The ESTM has an extremely l...

  3. Numerical modeling of an all vanadium redox flow battery.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clausen, Jonathan R.; Brunini, Victor E.; Moffat, Harry K.; Martinez, Mario J.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We develop a capability to simulate reduction-oxidation (redox) flow batteries in the Sierra Multi-Mechanics code base. Specifically, we focus on all-vanadium redox flow batteries; however, the capability is general in implementation and could be adopted to other chemistries. The electrochemical and porous flow models follow those developed in the recent publication by [28]. We review the model implemented in this work and its assumptions, and we show several verification cases including a binary electrolyte, and a battery half-cell. Then, we compare our model implementation with the experimental results shown in [28], with good agreement seen. Next, a sensitivity study is conducted for the major model parameters, which is beneficial in targeting specific features of the redox flow cell for improvement. Lastly, we simulate a three-dimensional version of the flow cell to determine the impact of plenum channels on the performance of the cell. Such channels are frequently seen in experimental designs where the current collector plates are borrowed from fuel cell designs. These designs use a serpentine channel etched into a solid collector plate.

  4. Developing Models for Predictive Climate Science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drake, John B [ORNL; Jones, Philip W [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Community Climate System Model results from a multi-agency collaboration designed to construct cutting-edge climate science simulation models for a broad research community. Predictive climate simulations are currently being prepared for the petascale computers of the near future. Modeling capabilities are continuously being improved in order to provide better answers to critical questions about Earth's climate. Climate change and its implications are front page news in today's world. Could global warming be responsible for the July 2006 heat waves in Europe and the United States? Should more resources be devoted to preparing for an increase in the frequency of strong tropical storms and hurricanes like Katrina? Will coastal cities be flooded due to a rise in sea level? The National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), which archives all weather data for the nation, reports that global surface temperatures have increased over the last century, and that the rate of increase is three times greater since 1976. Will temperatures continue to climb at this rate, will they decline again, or will the rate of increase become even steeper? To address such a flurry of questions, scientists must adopt a systematic approach and develop a predictive framework. With responsibility for advising on energy and technology strategies, the DOE is dedicated to advancing climate research in order to elucidate the causes of climate change, including the role of carbon loading from fossil fuel use. Thus, climate science--which by nature involves advanced computing technology and methods--has been the focus of a number of DOE's SciDAC research projects. Dr. John Drake (ORNL) and Dr. Philip Jones (LANL) served as principal investigators on the SciDAC project, 'Collaborative Design and Development of the Community Climate System Model for Terascale Computers.' The Community Climate System Model (CCSM) is a fully-coupled global system that provides state-of-the-art computer simulations of the Earth's past, present, and future climate states. The collaborative SciDAC team--including over a dozen researchers at institutions around the country--developed, validated, documented, and optimized the performance of CCSM using the latest software engineering approaches, computational technology, and scientific knowledge. Many of the factors that must be accounted for in a comprehensive model of the climate system are illustrated in figure 1.

  5. Non-relativistic model of the laws of gravitation and electromagnetism, invariant under the change of inertial and non-inertial coordinate systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poliakovsky, Arkady

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Under the classical non-relativistic consideration of the space-time we propose the model of the laws of gravitation and Electrodynamics, invariant under the galilean transformations and moreover, under every change of non-inertial cartesian coordinate system. Being in the frames of non-relativistic model of the space-time, we adopt some general ideas of the General Theory of Relativity, like the assumption of covariance of the most general physical laws in every inertial and non-inertial coordinate system and equivalence of factious forces in non-inertial coordinate systems and the force of gravitation.

  6. Topological Massive Sigma Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. D. Lambert

    1995-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we construct topological sigma models which include a potential and are related to twisted massive supersymmetric sigma models. Contrary to a previous construction these models have no central charge and do not require the manifold to admit a Killing vector. We use the topological massive sigma model constructed here to simplify the calculation of the observables. Lastly it is noted that this model can be viewed as interpolating between topological massless sigma models and topological Landau-Ginzburg models.

  7. Standards for Municipal Small Wind Regulations and Model Ordinance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In July 2008, New Hampshire enacted legislation designed to prevent municipalities from adopting ordinances or regulations that place unreasonable limits on or hinder the performance of wind energy...

  8. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Unified Modeling...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ADOPT Presentation given by National Renewable Energy Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

  9. 2014 Advanced Grid Modeling Peer Review Presentations - Day Two...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    with Advanced Computing - Yousu Chen, PNNL Advancing the Adoption of High Performance Computing for Time Domain Simulation - Liang Min, LLNL, Carol Woodward, LLNL An...

  10. Avoiding Boltzmann Brain domination in holographic dark energy models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Horvat

    2015-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    In a spatially infinite and eternal universe approaching ultimately a de Sitter (or quasi-de Sitter) regime, structure can form by thermal fluctuations as such a space is thermal. The models of Dark Energy invoking holographic principle fit naturally into such a category, and spontaneous formation of isolated brains in otherwise empty space seems the most perplexing, creating the paradox of Boltzmann Brains (BB). It is thus appropriate to ask if such models can be made free from domination by Boltzmann Brains. Here we consider only the simplest model, but adopt both the local and the global viewpoint in the description of the Universe. In the former case, we find that if a parameter $c$, which modulates the Dark Energy density, lies outside the exponentially narrow strip around the most natural $c = 1$ line, the theory is rendered BB-safe. In the later case, the bound on $c$ is exponentially stronger, and seemingly at odds with those bounds on $c$ obtained from various observational tests.

  11. Avoiding Boltzmann Brain domination in holographic dark energy models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horvat, R

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a spatially infinite and eternal universe approaching ultimately a de Sitter (or quasi-de Sitter) regime, structure can form by thermal fluctuations as such a space is thermal. The models of Dark Energy invoking holographic principle fit naturally into such a category, and spontaneous formation of isolated brains in otherwise empty space seems the most perplexing, creating the paradox of Boltzmann Brains (BB). It is thus appropriate to ask if such models can be made free from domination by Boltzmann Brains. Here we consider only the simplest model, but adopt both the local and the global viewpoint in the description of the Universe. In the former case, we find that if a parameter $c$, which modulates the Dark Energy density, lies outside the exponentially narrow strip around the most natural $c = 1$ line, the theory is rendered BB-safe. In the later case, the bound on $c$ is exponentially stronger, and seemingly at odds with those bounds on $c$ obtained from various observational tests.

  12. Energy-economy interactions revisited within a comprehensive sectoral model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanson, D. A.; Laitner, J. A.

    2000-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model with considerable sector and technology detail, the ``All Modular Industry Growth Assessment'' Model (AMIGA). It is argued that a detailed model is important to capture and understand the several rolls that energy plays within the economy. Fundamental consumer and industrial demands are for the services from energy; hence, energy demand is a derived demand based on the need for heating, cooling mechanical, electrical, and transportation services. Technologies that provide energy-services more efficiently (on a life cycle basis), when adopted, result in increased future output of the economy and higher paths of household consumption. The AMIGA model can examine the effects on energy use and economic output of increases in energy prices (e.g., a carbon charge) and other incentive-based policies or energy-efficiency programs. Energy sectors and sub-sector activities included in the model involve energy extraction conversion and transportation. There are business opportunities to produce energy-efficient goods (i.e., appliances, control systems, buildings, automobiles, clean electricity). These activities are represented in the model by characterizing their likely production processes (e.g., lighter weight motor vehicles). Also, multiple industrial processes can produce the same output but with different technologies and inputs. Secondary recovery, i.e., recycling processes, are examples of these multiple processes. Combined heat and power (CHP) is also represented for energy-intensive industries. Other modules represent residential and commercial building technologies to supply energy services. All sectors of the economy command real resources (capital services and labor).

  13. On the estimation of galaxy structural parameters: the Sersic Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ignacio Trujillo; Alister W. Graham; Nicola Caon

    2001-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper addresses some questions which have arisen from the use of the S\\'ersic r^{1/n} law in modelling the luminosity profiles of early type galaxies. The first issue deals with the trend between the half-light radius and the structural parameter n. We show that the correlation between these two parameters is not only real, but is a natural consequence from the previous relations found to exist between the model-independent parameters: total luminosity, effective radius and effective surface brightness. We also define a new galaxy concentration index which is largely independent of the image exposure depth, and monotonically related with n. The second question concerns the curious coincidence between the form of the Fundamental Plane and the coupling between _e and r_e when modelling a light profile. We explain, through a mathematical analysis of the S\\'ersic law, why the quantity r_e_e^{0.7} appears almost constant for an individual galaxy, regardless of the value of n (over a large range) adopted in the fit to the light profile. Consequently, Fundamental Planes of the form r_e_e^{0.7} propto sigma_0^x (for any x, and where sigma_0 is the central galaxy velocity dispersion) are insensitive to galaxy structure. Finally, we address the problematic issue of the use of model-dependent galaxy light profile parameters versus model-independent quantities for the half-light radii, mean surface brightness and total galaxy magnitude. The former implicitly assume that the light profile model can be extrapolated to infinity, while the latter quantities, in general, are derived from a signal-to-noise truncated profile. We quantify (mathematically) how these parameters change as one reduces the outer radius of an r^{1/n} profile, and reveal how these can vary substantially when n>4.

  14. Sandia Modeling Tool Webinar

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Webinar attendees will learn what collaborative, stakeholder-driven modeling is, how the models developed have been and could be used, and how specifically this process and resulting models might...

  15. Introduction & Scope Model & Calibration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhn, Matthew R.

    Introduction & Scope Principles Model & Calibration Applications Granular Fabric and Stress / papers / ASME07.pdf LATEX #12;Introduction & Scope Principles Model & Calibration Applications Outline 1 Introduction & Scope 2 Principles 3 Model & Calibration 4 Applications Kuhn -- November 12, 2007 http

  16. Sandia National Laboratories: Modeling

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sandia Study Shows Large LNG Fires Hotter but Smaller Than Expected On December 6, 2011, in Analysis, Energy Assurance, Infrastructure Security, Modeling, Modeling & Analysis,...

  17. Interactive Topic Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pleple, Quentin

    26 Interactive LDA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .and B. Satinoff (2011). Interactive topic modeling. InOF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Interactive Topic Modeling A thesis

  18. Sandia National Laboratories: Modeling

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from improved climate models to performance models for underground waste storage to 3D printing and digital rock physics. Marianne Walck (Director ... Sandia Team Attends World...

  19. Sandia National Laboratories: Modeling

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AtomicMolecular Massively Parallel Simulator) particle library, ... Wind Generator Modeling On June 26, 2014, in Computational Modeling & Simulation, Energy, Energy...

  20. Vehicle Modeling and Simulation

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Vehicle Modeling and Simulation Vehicle Modeling and Simulation Matthew Thornton National Renewable Energy Laboratory matthewthornton@nrel.gov phone: 303.275.4273 Principal...

  1. Modeling and Analysis

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE modeling and analysis activities focus on reducing uncertainties and improving transparency in photovoltaics (PV) and concentrating solar power (CSP) performance modeling. The overall goal of...

  2. Numerical study of three-dimensional PIC for the surface plasmon excitation based on Drude model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, La-Qun; Wang, Hui-Hui; Liu, Da-Gang

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper explores the time-domain equations of noble metals, in which Drude model is adopted to describe the dielectric constant, to implement three-dimensional particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations for the surface plasmon excitation with the finite-difference time-domain method (FDTD). A three-dimensional model for an electron bunch movement near the metal film is constructed, and particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations are carried out with various metal films of different thicknesses. The frequency of surface plasmon obtained from PIC simulation is agreed with that from theory. Furthermore, the surface plasmon wave properties of excitation and propagation with the metal film is summarized by PIC results.

  3. A mathematical model for the estimation of flue temperature in a coke oven

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choi, K.I.; Kim, S.Y.; Suo, J.S.; Hur, N.S.; Kang, I.S.; Lee, W.J.

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The coke plants at the Kwangyang works has adopted an Automatic Battery Control (ABC) system which consists of four main parts, battery heating control, underfiring heat and waste gas oxygen control, pushing and charging schedule and Autotherm-S that measures heating wall temperature during pushing. The measured heating wall temperature is used for calculating Mean Battery Temperature (MBT) which is average temperature of flues for a battery, but the Autotherm-S system can not provide the flue temperatures of an oven. This work attempted to develop mathematical models for the estimation of the flue temperature using the measured heating wall temperature and to examine fitness of the mathematical model for the coke plant operation by analysis of raw gas temperature at the stand pipe. Through this work it is possible to reflect heating wall temperature in calculating MBT for battery heating control without the interruption caused by a maintenance break.

  4. Modeling the role of relationship fading and breakup in social network formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murase, Yohsuke; Török, János; Kertész, János; Kaski, Kimmo

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In social networks of human individuals, social relationships do not necessarily last forever as they can either fade gradually with time, resulting in link aging, or terminate abruptly, causing link deletion, as even old friendships may cease. In this paper, we study a social network formation model where we introduce several ways by which a link termination takes place. If we adopt the link aging, we get a more modular structure with more homogeneously distributed link weights within communities than when link deletion is used. By investigating distributions and relations of various network characteristics, we find that the empirical findings are better reproduced with the link deletion model. This indicates that link deletion plays a more prominent role in organizing social networks than link aging.

  5. Sandia National Laboratories: Modeling & Analysis

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    On September 19, 2013, in Computational Modeling & Simulation, Distribution Grid Integration, Energy, Facilities, Grid Integration, Modeling, Modeling & Analysis, News, News &...

  6. OSHWPP model programs guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Descriptions of model occupational health and safety programs implemented at DOE facilities are presented.

  7. Sandia National Laboratories: Modeling & Analysis

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mark Boslough Featured in NOVA Special about the Chelyabinsk Meteor On April 3, 2013, in Capabilities, Computational Modeling & Simulation, Modeling, Modeling, Modeling & Analysis,...

  8. Sandia National Laboratories: Modeling & Analysis

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sandian Mark Boslough Featured on NOVA Episode about Chelyabinsk Meteor On November 20, 2013, in Computational Modeling & Simulation, Modeling, Modeling, Modeling & Analysis,...

  9. Elements of a pragmatic approach for dealing with bias and uncertainty in experiments through predictions : experiment design and data conditioning; %22real space%22 model validation and conditioning; hierarchical modeling and extrapolative prediction.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Romero, Vicente Jose

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report explores some important considerations in devising a practical and consistent framework and methodology for utilizing experiments and experimental data to support modeling and prediction. A pragmatic and versatile 'Real Space' approach is outlined for confronting experimental and modeling bias and uncertainty to mitigate risk in modeling and prediction. The elements of experiment design and data analysis, data conditioning, model conditioning, model validation, hierarchical modeling, and extrapolative prediction under uncertainty are examined. An appreciation can be gained for the constraints and difficulties at play in devising a viable end-to-end methodology. Rationale is given for the various choices underlying the Real Space end-to-end approach. The approach adopts and refines some elements and constructs from the literature and adds pivotal new elements and constructs. Crucially, the approach reflects a pragmatism and versatility derived from working many industrial-scale problems involving complex physics and constitutive models, steady-state and time-varying nonlinear behavior and boundary conditions, and various types of uncertainty in experiments and models. The framework benefits from a broad exposure to integrated experimental and modeling activities in the areas of heat transfer, solid and structural mechanics, irradiated electronics, and combustion in fluids and solids.

  10. Calibrated Properties Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C. Ahlers; H. Liu

    2000-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this Analysis/Model Report (AMR) is to document the Calibrated Properties Model that provides calibrated parameter sets for unsaturated zone (UZ) flow and transport process models for the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project (YMP). This work was performed in accordance with the ''AMR Development Plan for U0035 Calibrated Properties Model REV00. These calibrated property sets include matrix and fracture parameters for the UZ Flow and Transport Model (UZ Model), drift seepage models, drift-scale and mountain-scale coupled-processes models, and Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) models as well as Performance Assessment (PA) and other participating national laboratories and government agencies. These process models provide the necessary framework to test conceptual hypotheses of flow and transport at different scales and predict flow and transport behavior under a variety of climatic and thermal-loading conditions.

  11. Transport-theoretic model for the electron-proton-hydrogen atom auroa. II. Model results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strickland, D.J. [Computational Physics, Inc., Fairfax, VA (United States); Daniell, R.E. Jr. [Computational Physics, Inc., Newton, MA (United States); Basu, B. [Hanscom Air Force Base, MA (United States)] [and others

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a companion paper, a self-consistent transport-theoretic model for the combined electron-proton-hydrogen atom aurora was described. In this paper, numberical results based on the model are presented. This is done for the pure electron aurora, the pure proton-hydrogen atom aurora, and finally for the combined aurora. Adopting commonly used types of energy distributions for the incident particle (electron and proton) fluxes, the authors give numerical solutions for the precipitating electron, proton, and hydrogen atom differential number fluxes. Results are also given for ionization yields and emission yields of the following features: N{sub 2}{sup +} first negative group (3914 {Angstrom}), N{sub 2} second positive group (3371 {Angstrom}), selected N{sub 2} Lyman-Birge-Hopfields bands (1325, 1354, 1383, 1493, and all bands between 1700 and 1800 {Angstrom}), O I (1356 {Angstrom}), L{sub {alpha}} (1216 {Angstrom}), H{sub {beta}} (4861 {Angstrom}), and H{sub {alpha}} (6563 {Angstrom}). The yield at 1493 {Angstrom} also contains a contribution from N I (1493 {Angstrom}), which in fact dominates LBH emission. A major new result of this study is that the secondary electron flux produced by the proton-hydrogen atom aurora is much softer than that produced by the electron aurora. This increased softness is due to the fact that (for energies of aurora interest) cross sections for secondary electron flux produced by the proton-hydrogen atom aurora is much softer than that produced by the electron aurora. This increased softness is due to the fact that (for energies of auroral interest) cross sections for secondary electron production by proton and hydrogen atom impact decrease exponentially with increasing secondary electron energy, whereas the cross sections for electron impact decrease as an inverse power law with increasing secondary energy.

  12. A grid of chemical evolution models as a tool to interpret spiral and irregular galaxies data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Molla; A. I. Diaz

    2005-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a generalization of the multiphase chemical evolution model applied to a wide set of theoretical galaxies with different masses and evolutionary rates. This generalized set of models has been computed using the so-called Universal Rotation Curve from Persic et al (1996) to calculate the radial mass distribution of 44 theoretical protogalaxies. This distribution is a fundamental input which, besides its own effect on the galaxy evolution, defines the characteristic collapse time-scale or gas infall rate onto the disc.We have adopted 10 sets of values, between 0 and 1, for the molecular cloud and star formation efficiencies, as corresponding to their probability nature, for each one of the radial distributions of total mass. Thus, we have constructed a bi-parametric grid of models, depending on those efficiency sets and on the rotation velocity, whose results are valid in principle for any spiral or irregular galaxy. The model results provide the time evolution of different regions of the disc and the halo along galactocentric distance, measured by the gas (atomic and molecular) and stellar masses, the star formation rate and chemical abundances of 14 elements, for a total of 440 models. This grid may be used to estimate the evolution of a given galaxy for which only present time information -- such as radial distributions of elemental abundances, gas densities and/or star formation, which are the usual observational constraints of chemical evolution models -- is available.

  13. Time Series Models: Hidden Markov Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roweis, Sam

    Time Series Models: Hidden Markov Models & Linear Dynamical Systems Sam Roweis Gatsby Computational before. Discrete state: { Moore and Mealy machines (engineering) { stochastic #12;nite state automata (CS chain with stochastic measurements. Gauss-Markov process in a pancake. PSfrag replacements x 1 y 1 x 2 y

  14. Time Series Models: Hidden Markov Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roweis, Sam

    Time Series Models: Hidden Markov Models & Linear Dynamical Systems Sam Roweis Gatsby Computational. Discrete state: { Moore and Mealy machines (engineering) { stochastic #12;nite state automata (CS with stochastic measurements. Gauss-Markov process in a pancake. PSfrag replacements x 1 y 1 x 2 y 2 x 3 y 3 x T y

  15. Model Validation Status Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    E.L. Hardin

    2001-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary objective for the Model Validation Status Review was to perform a one-time evaluation of model validation associated with the analysis/model reports (AMRs) containing model input to total-system performance assessment (TSPA) for the Yucca Mountain site recommendation (SR). This review was performed in response to Corrective Action Request BSC-01-C-01 (Clark 2001, Krisha 2001) pursuant to Quality Assurance review findings of an adverse trend in model validation deficiency. The review findings in this report provide the following information which defines the extent of model validation deficiency and the corrective action needed: (1) AMRs that contain or support models are identified, and conversely, for each model the supporting documentation is identified. (2) The use for each model is determined based on whether the output is used directly for TSPA-SR, or for screening (exclusion) of features, events, and processes (FEPs), and the nature of the model output. (3) Two approaches are used to evaluate the extent to which the validation for each model is compliant with AP-3.10Q (Analyses and Models). The approaches differ in regard to whether model validation is achieved within individual AMRs as originally intended, or whether model validation could be readily achieved by incorporating information from other sources. (4) Recommendations are presented for changes to the AMRs, and additional model development activities or data collection, that will remedy model validation review findings, in support of licensing activities. The Model Validation Status Review emphasized those AMRs that support TSPA-SR (CRWMS M&O 2000bl and 2000bm). A series of workshops and teleconferences was held to discuss and integrate the review findings. The review encompassed 125 AMRs (Table 1) plus certain other supporting documents and data needed to assess model validity. The AMRs were grouped in 21 model areas representing the modeling of processes affecting the natural and engineered barriers, plus the TSPA model itself Description of the model areas is provided in Section 3, and the documents reviewed are described in Section 4. The responsible manager for the Model Validation Status Review was the Chief Science Officer (CSO) for Bechtel-SAIC Co. (BSC). The team lead was assigned by the CSO. A total of 32 technical specialists were engaged to evaluate model validation status in the 21 model areas. The technical specialists were generally independent of the work reviewed, meeting technical qualifications as discussed in Section 5.

  16. Microturbine Economic Competitiveness: A Study of Two Potential Adopters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Capstone 60 kW Microturbine CHP System” Southern ResearchLBNL-57985 Microturbine Economic Competitiveness: A Study ofNational Laboratory microturbine megawatt Naval Base Ventura

  17. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    households that installed “smart meters” all reported someCPUC and CEC and enabled by smart meters. o Accounts withoutinverters could utilize smart meter communication platforms

  18. Overcoming organization barriers to adopting sustainable business practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chew, Mark P. (Mark Paul)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Companies of all sizes are now looking for ways to reduce their energy use and carbon emissions, motivated by the desire to save money, improve public relations, and prepare for a possible carbon tax. From a technical ...

  19. Rebound Effect in Energy Efficient Appliance Adopting Households 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glenn, Jacob Matthew

    2014-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper uses data from smart meter technology to estimate the occurrence of energy rebound, a “substitution” and “income’ effect where the price-per-use of an appliance falls relative to its energy efficiency. This causes households to have more...

  20. adoptive cancer immunotherapy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    main advantage provided by this technology is collection of patient data at point of care, to manage patient schedules and to manage pharmaceutical information as these are the...

  1. adoptive transfer colitis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Colitis Center is the only center in New England exclusively dedicated to the care of patients with Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, and other Mootha, Vamsi K. 7...

  2. as adopted by the 98th National Conference on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at the Institute on building materials, components, systems, and whole structures. The series presents research--Provides quantitative data on the physical and chemical properties of materials, compiled from the world's literature and renewals are available from AIP, P.O. Box 503284, St. Louis, MO63150-3284. National Construction Safety

  3. as adopted by the 97th National Conference on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at the Institute on building materials, components, systems, and whole structures. The series presents research--Provides quantitative data on the physical and chemical properties of materials, compiled from the world's literature and renewals are available from AIP, P.O. Box 503284, St. Louis, MO63150-3284. National Construction Safety

  4. Unvented Crawlspace Code Adoption - Building America Top Innovation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    See an example of a conditioned crawlspace in the mixed-humid climate zone. Find case studies of Building America projects across the country that are implementing...

  5. adopte avec modifications: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    graphe permet d'obtenir trs rapidement, par minimisation informations des niveaux de gris. Mots Clef Segmentation d'image, coupe de graphe, a priori de forme, analyse...

  6. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Conservation vs. renewable energy: Cases (sic) studies from2009). Distributed Renewable Energy Operating Impacts anddeployment, National Renewable Energy Lab CPUC (2006). D.

  7. The UNC Policy Manual Adopted 10/09/09

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howitt, Ivan

    and deliver energy, water, and materials efficient buildings and grounds that minimize the impact on and life cycle cost guidelines where applicable. Climate Change Mitigation and Renewable Energy to toxicity, recycled content, energy and water efficiency, rapidly renewable resources, and local production

  8. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Size of the U.S. Energy Efficiency Market: Generating amarket program] may have employed energy efficiency measures, they had a weaker mandate for energy efficiency; hence, their PV system sizes

  9. AGA encouraging industry to adopt gas option. [American Gas Association

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lawrence, G.H.

    1980-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The American Gas Association (AGA) supports a policy of increasing conventional natural gas production and sustaining the higher level for at least 40 years in addition to developing unconventional sources by coal gasification, methane, biomass, and other technologies. International efforts to shift from petroleum to gas are responding to the need for appropriate policies. With gas supplying 40% of the energy consumed by American buildings and by industry and agriculture, the country has a significant financial investment in equipment and distribution systems. Although deregulation of gas prices will not prevent a decline in conventional production for the next decade, new sources and technologies will combine to maintain supplies. Policies are needed to enhance the US coal gasification capability and to promote the use of dual-fired furnaces. The worldwide gas option is an appropriate to other oil-importing countries as it is to the US. (DCK)

  10. adopt clean technologies: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    then his personal information must Walden, Eric 10 Energy Systems Engineering 1 Clean Coal Technologies Renewable Energy Websites Summary: Energy Systems Engineering 1 Clean...

  11. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    10 1.5. The Coordination of Solar and Energyintegration of solar and energy efficiency. Currentlytension between solar and energy efficiency remains much

  12. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    year (TMY) solar radiation data. The goal here is toTMY or actual solar radiation data, and thus serves theusing actual solar radiation data, though this data must be

  13. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    kW kWh IEPR IOU IPCC ITC LADWP LCOE LSE LTEESP MASH Assemblylevelized cost of energy (LCOE) for PV-based electricitygeneration systems. The LCOE for each system is calculated

  14. The evolution and adoption of optical interconnect cables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Louisa

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Optical technologies are now ubiquitous in data communication, telecommunication, and computing networks for transmission distances beyond a few meters. The use of optical to transmit voice communication has changed the ...

  15. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    customer groups. While the cost per kWh for each respectivewith the average cost declines, per kWh for average andcost of doing so would be zero (prior to 2011), or small, on the order of 5 cents per kWh (

  16. Solarize America : how policy networks adopt and adapt good ideas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Ryan (Ryan Francis)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To address the need for massive change in the electric power industry, state and local actors are experimenting with creative policy approaches in the clean energy space. I investigate the facilitating role that networks ...

  17. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2010, 115 residential solar customers in SDG&E territory hadCustomers No. of Solar Customers Electric-Only, Electric &decisions. For many solar customers the contractor is the

  18. adopting ecological principles: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 BSCI 361 -Principles of Ecology Fall 2010 Syllabus & Course Description Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: BSCI 361 -...

  19. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    49 3.3.3. Pre-installation electricity consumption of CSIE. Kahn (2011). Electricity Consumption and Durable Housing:on Electricity Consumption .

  20. An Agent Based Simulation of Smart Metering Technology Adoption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Tao; Nuttall, William J

    service opportunities for companies and other organizations, enhanced power network management facilities, and alternative connections to digital services. These benefits are in line with government’s objectives to reduce emissions, keep energy prices... domestic Combined Heat and Power unit which produces electricity and heat simultaneously), micro-hydro, micro-wind and photovoltaics. The benefits of wind, solar and hydro micro-generation are the zero fuel cost and that the technologies are carbon free...

  1. Top Management Involvement in the Adoption of Energy Efficiency Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blass, Vered; Corbett, Charles J.; Delmas, Magali A; Muthulingam, Suresh

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    S. J. 1993. Selling Issues to Top Management. Academy ofD. 1992. Diversification Posture and Top Management Teamas A Reflection of Its Top Managers. Academy of Management

  2. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    given that distributed PV substitutes for utility generationdistributed generation systems. NEM measures the difference between the electricity a homeowner buys from a utility

  3. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kaya (2009). "Conservation vs. renewable energy: Cases (sic)in social housing." Renewable and Sustainable Energy ReviewsR. W. (2009). Distributed Renewable Energy Operating Impacts

  4. Adopt a Country Global Warming Project, Spring 2012. Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lachniet, Matthew S.

    . Unacceptable sources The world-wide web is not a source of scientific information, so do not rely on it. Any. Suggested Format and Headings The paper should be written in single spacing, normal Microsoft Word margins, 12-point Times New Roma font. The length of the paper should be between 4000 and 6000 words

  5. adoptively transferred indium-111: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Afshin J. 140 Mass transfer andMass transfer and Mass transfer andMass transfer and Fossil Fuels Websites Summary: eknik Mass transfer andMass transfer and arationste Mass...

  6. EIS-490-EPA-AdoptionNotice-2012.pdf

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    235 Federal Register Vol. 77, No. 198 Friday, October 12, 2012 Notices an ''anonymous access'' system, which means that EPA will not know your identity or contact information...

  7. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    clean energy economy, with all that entails: lower carbon emissions, postposed ratepayer-funded investment

  8. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DR DRLI DRSES DRTOU DSM EECC EEM EPBB ERP ETA EV FIT GW HUDthe Energy Efficient Mortgage (EEM) through which borrowers1995. However, use of the EEM has been very low; only 1,100

  9. Providing Vehicle OEMs Flexible Scale to Accelerate Adoption...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    2 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting arravt025apeshives2012...

  10. Providing Vehicle OEMs Flexible Scale to Accelerate Adoption...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    1 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation arravt025apeshives2011...

  11. Compositions and methods for adoptive and active immunotherapy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fahmy, Tarek; Steenblock, Erin

    2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Modular aAPCs and methods of their manufacture and use are provided. The modular aAPCs are constructed from polymeric microparticles. The aAPCs include encapsulated cytokines and coupling agents which modularly couple functional elements including T cell receptor activators, co-stimulatory molecules and adhesion molecules to the particle. The ability of these aAPCs to release cytokines in a controlled manner, coupled with their modular nature and ease of ligand attachment, results in an ideal, tunable APC capable of stimulating and expanding primary T cells.

  12. adopting global climate: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and biomass which are environmentally clean is aimed at diversification of the energy matrix, mitigating against climate change and providing alternatives to the use of...

  13. adoptively transferred adherent: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    technology (IT), by offering an optimal control perspective motivated by the rational expectations hypothesis (REH) and exploring the process dynamics associated with the...

  14. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pacific Gas & Electric Power Purchase Agreement Physical-market. These leasing and power-purchase agreements (PPAs)public utilities to purchase power from qualifying third

  15. adoptive progenitor cell: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hillman, Yael; Kovetz, Attay; Shara, Michael M 2014-01-01 376 The binary progenitor of Tycho Brahe's 1572 supernova Astrophysics (arXiv) Summary: The brightness of type Ia...

  16. Productivity analysis and technology adoption for livestock in Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Njukia, James Wambugu

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Variable Y. . . Analysis of Variable YM. Analysis of Variance for Variable YM. . . . , . . . . . Duncan's Multiple Range Test for Variable YM. . 59 62 65 66 66 67 67 67 68 68 69 69 70 Chapter Page Analysis of Variable YW (Cattle... 702 730 461 638 553 Source: Devplan Working Paper. )0 n n 55 " Z. -. - P I I "*": 7 -- -. . -?~ -'. . '. ~ "~ . . r- ) . , ? ' '. , ~. ':; . '. '' I ' . '. , ". ' ' - . &:":~ ~. ~ ':c. ' ' 'r \\ DA ( / / I n'H ~" ~ I' ~no, ' ' . z...

  17. An Assessment of Communication Technology Adoption in Texas Cooperatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murch, Matthew 1987-

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    of communication technology from the background of cooperative managers to board management policy. The survey categorized 105 different cooperatives by current technology use and management practices. Once the data were collected, a factor analysis to understand...

  18. California Member Connects Solar Adoption With Upgrades | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Residential Network member Center for Sustainable Energy (CSE) in California are helping solar companies realize that partnering with local energy efficiency programs can help...

  19. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    themselves; the solar companies that sold and installedto the customer. Two solar companies seem to focus on thethe population of solar companies generating these sales.

  20. Top Management Involvement in the Adoption of Energy Efficiency Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blass, Vered; Corbett, Charles J.; Delmas, Magali A; Muthulingam, Suresh

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Recommendations Top Management * Energy Costs/Sales TopTop Management Top Management * Energy Costs/Sales TopTop Management Top Management * Energy Costs/Sales Top

  1. adopted hydraulic retention: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Concern? Geosciences Websites Summary: Hydraulic "Fracking": Are Surface Water Impacts An Ecological Concern? G. Allen Burton Jr shale formations. Millions of liters of...

  2. The investment in, and adoption of, innovative science andtechnologyiscrucialtoimprovingthehealthofpopu-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    , which will improve treatment outcomes6 . Emerging economies such as India, Mexico and Thailand have also to provide cost savings in drug development, to reduce health-care costs, to stimulate growth and investment of the potential products will all need to be addressed. However, how a developing country chooses to leverage

  3. 1 Transportation 2040 Executive Summary as adopted may 20, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    Regional Growth Center Urban Growth Area Manufacturing/Industrial Center Military Base * Constrained Plan Department) NOTE: BRTconcept wouldusecurrent footferry. Naval Magazine Indian Island Existing Constrained 40%. While the long-term growth for the region seems certain, the plan has been put together

  4. Political obstacles to adopting congestion pricing in New York City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynch, Patrick (Patrick Michael)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In April 2007, New York City's Mayor Bloomberg released PlaNYC, a broad ranging set of planning initiatives for the city. A centerpiece of the plan was a congestion-pricing proposal for the downtown core in Manhattan. The ...

  5. Theoretical aspects of adopting exact penalty elements within ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Jul 18, 2013 ... means that the following relations are satisfied: ?f0(xk) + ...... International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering 23 (1986) 409–428.

  6. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Renewable Generation in California: Coordination Challenges in Time and Space."space with NEM. These upcoming initiatives are the Feed-in Tariff (FIT) and the Renewable

  7. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    40 Figure 3.2. Levelized Cost of Energyof Water and Power Levelized cost of energy Load-servingabove the expected levelized cost of energy (LCOE) for PV-

  8. AIR QUALITY IMPACTS OF ELECTRIC VEHICLE ADOPTION IN TEXAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    by anticipating battery-charging decisions and power plant energy sources across Texas. Life-cycle impacts conventional passenger cars in Texas, after recognizing the emissions and energy impacts of battery provision-duty vehicles. Use of coal for electricity production is a primary concern for PEV growth, but the energy

  9. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    38 3.2.1. SDG&E Residential Electric Rates and TheirFootprint of Single-Family Residential New Construction.Solar photovoltaic financing: residential sector deployment,

  10. User experiences and adoption plans from Universities of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, John E.

    (r ) SIMULACION 2: Fallas en Generadores Síncronos Inicializacion y graficacion simulacion2code.m Transformacion

  11. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    renewable energy technologies, solar photovoltaic (PV) technologies hold significant potentialenergy consumption: Potential savings and environmental impact." Renewable andpotential new value stream from NEM solar is monetization of the renewable energy

  12. A R D O F E D Adopted by the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Michael R.

    Dronenburg; Marion Joseph; Marion McDowell; Janet G. Nicholas; Gerti B. Thomas; Marina Tse; and Richard

  13. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of renewable energy as well as create incentives for largenew Renewable Energy Program to provide financial incentivesfinancial incentives to promote renewable energy than energy

  14. SEP Success Story: Mississippi Adopts New Rules to Save Energy...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and save money. | Photo courtesy of the University of Kentucky. SEP Success Story: Research Laboratory Experiments with Energy Efficiency Upgrades One of several Georgia...

  15. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    65 Figure 4.10. Average Electricity Cost vs. Estimatedin any case. Figure 4.10. Average Electricity Cost vs.Reduction Average Electricity Cost ($/kWh) vs Estimated

  16. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    solar radiation data. The goal here is to estimate generic output datasolar radiation data. The goal here is to estimate generic output data

  17. Early Adoption of Fuel Cell Technologies | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube|6721 Federal Register / Vol.6: RecordJune- BatteryVehicles |Data

  18. California Member Connects Solar Adoption With Upgrades | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To Wisdom: UtilizingDepartment of Energy A

  19. EIS-0448: Notice of Adoption of an Environmental Impact Statement |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised FindingDepartment ofStatementStatement |Department ofDepartment of

  20. EIS-0454: Notice of Adoption of an Environmental Impact Statement |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised FindingDepartment ofStatementStatement

  1. EIS-0455: Notice of Adoption of an Environmental Impact Statement |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised FindingDepartment ofStatementStatementRecord of DecisionStatement

  2. EIS-0471: Notice of Adoption of an Environmental Impact Statement |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised FindingDepartmentDepartment of Energy Notice8:Department

  3. EIS-0476: Notice of Adoption of Final Environmental Impact Statement |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised FindingDepartmentDepartment ofDepartment of Energy 74:Department of

  4. EIS-0490: Adoption Notice for an Environmental Impact Statement |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised FindingDepartmentDepartment ofDepartment488: FinalStatement

  5. EA-1890: Final Environmental Assessment (Adopted) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S.ContaminationJuly 2011DDelphi Automotive Systems,DOEOld Town Fuel

  6. Successful Adoption of CNG and Energing CNG-Hydrogen Program...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Emerging CNG-H 2 Program in India US DOT and DOE Workshop Compressed Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuels: Lesson Learned for the Safe Development of Vehicles Washington DC, December,...

  7. Geothermal Heat Pumps: Market Status, Barriers to Adoption, and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Geothermal Topics: Market analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Guidemanual Website: www.ornl.govscieesetsd...

  8. DOE/EA-1565: Environmental Assessment for Adopted Energy Conservation...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    and request for comments (NODA). 72 FR 6186. DOE published this notice in response to stakeholders who had commented in the NOPR that DOE's proposed standards might...

  9. Symbolism and the Adoption of Fuel-Cell Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Turrentine, Tom

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    owner, who traded in his BMW for a Toyota Prius, struggledthan he used to drive his BMW – during his first few months

  10. adopting revised frequencies: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Selmic, Sandra 6 Request for Technical Specifications Change Braidwood Station, Unit 1, Steam Generator Inspection Frequency Revision CiteSeer Summary: In accordance with 10 CFR...

  11. Farmers’ Adoption of Genetically Modified Varieties with Input Traits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Corinne; Fernandez-Cornejo, Jorge; Goodhue, Rachael E

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Mean and Variance of GM Crop Yields and Total Costs per41 C.2. Share in GM Crops: Survey Respondents and NASSproperties of GM and non-GM crops obtained from the focus

  12. Providing Vehicle OEMs Flexible Scale to Accelerate Adoption...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C. apearravt025shives2010...

  13. DOE Adopts Rules to Improve Energy Efficiency Enforcement | Department of

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613PortsmouthBartlesvilleAbout » Contact UsDepartment of EnergyandJointEnergy

  14. ADOPTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT and FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT;

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of Energy-Chapter 7.1Department ofof

  15. Accelerating Clean Energy Adoption Fact Sheet | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you0 ARRA Newsletters 20103-03 AUDIT REPORT: OAS-L-03-03About»Accelerating

  16. Alaska Gateway School District Adopts Combined Heat and Power | Department

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you0 ARRA Newsletters 20103-03Energy AdvancedJudge |Alamoof Energy

  17. Mississippi Public Service Commission Adopts Energy Efficiency Rules |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2:Introduction toManagement of the National 93-4EnergyMission Mission Mission -

  18. Unvented Crawlspace Code Adoption - Building America Top Innovation |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2, 2015 -Helicopter-Japan Joint Nuclear D.C. * Brussels * San Francisco

  19. Providing Vehicle OEMs Flexible Scale to Accelerate Adoption of Electric

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHASeptember 2010 |ofDepartment of EnergyDrive Vehicles |

  20. Providing Vehicle OEMs Flexible Scale to Accelerate Adoption of Electric

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHASeptember 2010 |ofDepartment of EnergyDrive Vehicles |Drive

  1. EIS-0493: Notice of Adoption of Final Environmental Impact Statement |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you0andEnergyGlobalEnergy 2014:514:Impact

  2. U.S. Department of Energy Adoption of Environmental Assessment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengthening aTurbulence may be key topatent informationWashington State

  3. Market Transformation: Fuel Cell Early Adoption (Presentation) | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment3311, 3312), October 2012 (MECSEnergyEnergy Market

  4. EIS-0470: EPA Amended Notice of Adoption | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015 Business42.1Energy |FinalEESS-7 to|GranbyChamplain

  5. EIS-0487: Notice of EIS Adoption | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015 Business42.1Energy |FinalEESS-7Estes to FlatironTexas The Environmental

  6. Taxes, Permits, and the Adoption of Abatement Technology under Imperfect

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern ILSunseekerTallahatchie Valley ETaurus Progetto Sole

  7. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Boosts EV Adoption Through Popular

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternative Fuels CleanReduceNew Hampshire Fleet RevsFleet

  8. EIS-0471: Notice of Adoption of an Environmental Impact Statement |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2: Final Environmental Assessment376:Environmental Impact StatementRecordRock

  9. EIS-0490: Final Environmental Impact Statement (Adopted) | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy Chinaof EnergyImpact Statement |DepartmentImpactStatementConnectorBoulder

  10. EIS-0493: Notice of Adoption of Final Environmental Impact Statement |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy Chinaof EnergyImpact StatementDepartment of Energy Oregon LNG

  11. Early Adoption of Fuel Cell Technologies | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy Chinaof EnergyImpactOn July 2, 2014 in theGroup Report |ofM A N A G E M E N TMany

  12. Automatic Deployment Options Projection Tool (ADOPT) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon CaptureAtria Power Corporation LtdATIAustria:

  13. Providing Vehicle OEMs Flexible Scale to Accelerate Adoption of Electric

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of ContaminationHubs+ ReportEnergyProviding Grid Flexibility in Wyoming

  14. Energy-consumption modelling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reiter, E.R.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A highly sophisticated and accurate approach is described to compute on an hourly or daily basis the energy consumption for space heating by individual buildings, urban sectors, and whole cities. The need for models and specifically weather-sensitive models, composite models, and space-heating models are discussed. Development of the Colorado State University Model, based on heat-transfer equations and on a heuristic, adaptive, self-organizing computation learning approach, is described. Results of modeling energy consumption by the city of Minneapolis and Cheyenne are given. Some data on energy consumption in individual buildings are included.

  15. Biosphere Model Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D.W. Wu; A.J. Smith

    2004-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to document the biosphere model, the Environmental Radiation Model for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (ERMYN), which describes radionuclide transport processes in the biosphere and associated human exposure that may arise as the result of radionuclide release from the geologic repository at Yucca Mountain. The biosphere model is one of the process models that support the Yucca Mountain Project (YMP) Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) for the license application (LA), TSPA-LA. The ERMYN provides the capability of performing human radiation dose assessments. This report documents the biosphere model, which includes: (1) Describing the reference biosphere, human receptor, exposure scenarios, and primary radionuclides for each exposure scenario (Section 6.1); (2) Developing a biosphere conceptual model using site-specific features, events, and processes (FEPs) (Section 6.2), the reference biosphere (Section 6.1.1), the human receptor (Section 6.1.2), and approximations (Sections 6.3.1.4 and 6.3.2.4); (3) Building a mathematical model using the biosphere conceptual model (Section 6.3) and published biosphere models (Sections 6.4 and 6.5); (4) Summarizing input parameters for the mathematical model, including the uncertainty associated with input values (Section 6.6); (5) Identifying improvements in the ERMYN compared with the model used in previous biosphere modeling (Section 6.7); (6) Constructing an ERMYN implementation tool (model) based on the biosphere mathematical model using GoldSim stochastic simulation software (Sections 6.8 and 6.9); (7) Verifying the ERMYN by comparing output from the software with hand calculations to ensure that the GoldSim implementation is correct (Section 6.10); (8) Validating the ERMYN by corroborating it with published biosphere models; comparing conceptual models, mathematical models, and numerical results (Section 7).

  16. Volumetric particle modeling 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dingle, Brent Michael

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation presents a robust method of modeling objects and forces for computer animation. Within this method objects and forces are represented as particles. As in most modeling systems, the movement of objects is driven by physically based...

  17. Sandia Modeling Tool Webinar

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by the Energy Department and Western Area Power Administration, this webinar will show attendees about what collaborative, stakeholder-driven modeling is and how the modeling tools and process developed by Sandia can be used in Indian Country.

  18. Ratchet Model of Baryogenesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takeuchi, Tatsu; Sugamoto, Akio

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a toy model of baryogenesis which applies the `ratchet mechanism,' used frequently in the theory of biological molecular motors, to a model proposed by Dimopoulos and Susskind.

  19. Ratchet Model of Baryogenesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tatsu Takeuchi; Azusa Minamizaki; Akio Sugamoto

    2013-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a toy model of baryogenesis which applies the `ratchet mechanism,' used frequently in the theory of biological molecular motors, to a model proposed by Dimopoulos and Susskind.

  20. Nonparametric Bayesian behavior modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph, Joshua Mason

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As autonomous robots are increasingly used in complex, dynamic environments, it is crucial that the dynamic elements are modeled accurately. However, it is often difficult to generate good models due to either a lack of ...