Sample records for adobe acrobat pdfs

  1. T-577: Security Advisory for Adobe Flash Player, Adobe Reader and Acrobat

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A critical vulnerability exists in Adobe Flash Player 10.2.152.33 and earlier versions (Adobe Flash Player 10.2.154.13 and earlier for Chrome users) for Windows, Macintosh, Linux and Solaris operating systems, Adobe Flash Player 10.1.106.16 and earlier versions for Android, and the Authplay.dll component that ships with Adobe Reader and Acrobat X (10.0.1) and earlier 10.x and 9.x versions of Reader and Acrobat for Windows and Macintosh operating systems.

  2. V-066: Adobe Acrobat/Reader Multiple Flaws Lets Remote Users...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6: Adobe AcrobatReader Multiple Flaws Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges V-066: Adobe AcrobatReader Multiple Flaws Lets Remote...

  3. U-054: Security Advisory for Adobe Reader and Acrobat

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This U3D memory corruption vulnerability (CVE-2011-2462) could cause a crash and potentially allow an attacker to take control of the affected system. There are reports that the vulnerability is being actively exploited in the wild in limited, targeted attacks against Adobe Reader 9.x on Windows. Adobe Reader X Protected Mode and Acrobat X Protected View mitigations would prevent an exploit of this kind from executing.

  4. U-064: Adobe Acrobat/Reader PRC Memory Corruption Error Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A vulnerability was reported in Adobe Acrobat/Reader, this vulnerability is being actively exploited against Windows-based systems.

  5. T-600: Security Advisory for Adobe Flash Player, Adobe Reader and Acrobat

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This vulnerability (CVE-2011-0611) could cause a crash and potentially allow an attacker to take control of the affected system. There are reports that this vulnerability is being exploited in the wild in targeted attacks via a Flash (.swf) file embedded in a Microsoft Word (.doc) file delivered as an email attachment, targeting the Windows platform. At this time, Adobe is not aware of any attacks via PDF targeting Adobe Reader and Acrobat. Adobe Reader X Protected Mode mitigations would prevent an exploit of this kind from executing.

  6. T-555: Adobe Acrobat and Reader Image Parsing Arbitrary Code Execution Vulnerability

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Critical vulnerabilities have been identified in Adobe Reader X (10.0) for Windows and Macintosh; Adobe Reader 9.4.1 and earlier versions for Windows, Macintosh and UNIX; and Adobe Acrobat X (10.0) and earlier versions for Windows and Macintosh. These vulnerabilities could cause the application to crash and potentially allow an attacker to take control of the affected system. Risk for Adobe Reader X users is significantly lower, as none of these issues bypass Protected Mode mitigations.

  7. U-146: Adobe Reader/Acrobat Multiple Vulnerabilities | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssuesEnergyTransportation WorkDecemberInjury at FY6: Adobe

  8. Get Adobe Reader Now!

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.NewofGeothermal Heat Pump Basics Acrobat X or Adobe Reader X, or

  9. Get Adobe Reader Now!

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.NewofGeothermal Heat Pump Basics Acrobat X or Adobe Reader X,

  10. T-622: Adobe Acrobat and Reader Unspecified Memory Corruption Vulnerability

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The vulnerability is due to an unspecified error in the affected software when it processes .pdf files. An unauthenticated, remote attacker could exploit this vulnerability by convincing a user to view a malicious .pdf file. When viewed, the file could trigger a memory corruption error that could allow the attacker to execute arbitrary code on the system with the privileges of the user.

  11. V-157: Adobe Reader / Acrobat Multiple Vulnerabilities | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015of 2005UNSDepartmentFebruaryPhase|Potomac RiverWithDepartmentFixation Attacks

  12. Mid-Atlantic Region Combined Heat and Power Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE's CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs) have compiled a select number of combined heat and power (CHP) project profiles, which are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs.

  13. Midwest Region Combined Heat and Power Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE's CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs) have compiled a select number of combined heat and power (CHP) project profiles, which are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs.

  14. Northwest Region Combined Heat and Power Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE's Regional CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs) have compiled a select number of combined heat and power (CHP) project profiles, which are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs.

  15. Pacific Region Combined Heat and Power Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE's Regional CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs) have compiled a select number of combined heat and power (CHP) project profiles, which are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs.

  16. Northeast Region Combined Heat and Power Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE's Regional CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs) have compiled a select number of combined heat and power (CHP) project profiles, which are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs.

  17. Residential California adobe : mud form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daymond, Diana Leigh

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Northern California has a rich tradition of adobe architecture . Formed with earth, defined by site, climate and use, the adobe structures exemplify a building methodology in harmony with nature and the lifestyle of it's ...

  18. T-718:Adobe Acrobat/Reader Multiple Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A remote user can create a file that, when loaded by the target user, will execute arbitrary code on the target user's system.

  19. VIEWING INSTRUCTIONS The following document is an Adobe Acrobat version of the 2001 BNL Groundwater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -8 2.2.3 Horizontal and Vertical Hydraulic Gradients .......................................2-9 2 ............................................................................................3-1 3.0.1 ER Groundwater Remediation Program: An Overview ...................................3-3 3.0.2 Assessment of BNL Groundwater Pump and Treat System Model Performance

  20. V-066: Adobe Acrobat/Reader Multiple Flaws Lets Remote Users Execute

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3EDepartment of EnergyTheVulnerabilities |RemoteDepartment

  1. V-090: Adobe Flash Player / AIR Multiple Vulnerabilities | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    0: Adobe Flash Player AIR Multiple Vulnerabilities V-090: Adobe Flash Player AIR Multiple Vulnerabilities February 13, 2013 - 12:14am Addthis PROBLEM: Adobe Flash Player AIR...

  2. Related Articles: 2008 Archive

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This page provides links to 2008 articles describing the latest developments in the area of solid-state lighting.Some of the following documents are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs.

  3. Related Articles: 2009 Archive

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This page provides links to 2009 articles describing the latest developments in the area of solid-state lighting.Some of the following documents are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs.

  4. Related Articles: 2010 Archive

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This page provides links to 2010 articles describing the latest developments in the area of solid-state lighting. Some of the following documents are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs.

  5. Related Articles: 2007 Archive

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This page provides links to 2007 articles describing the latest developments in the area of solid-state lighting.Some of the following documents are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs.

  6. V-176: Adobe Flash Player Memory Corruption Flaw Lets Remote...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Adobe Flash Player Memory Corruption Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code PLATFORM: Adobe Flash Player 11.7.700.202 and earlier versions for Windows Adobe Flash Player...

  7. T-609: Adobe Acrobat/Reader Memory Corruption Error in CoolType Library Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A remote user can create a specially crafted PDF file that, when loaded by the target user, will trigger a memory corruption error in the CoolType library and execute arbitrary code on the target system. The code will run with the privileges of the target user.

  8. Instructions for Mac Users Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to view the application form, enter data, print and save. Preview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Leon, Alex R.

    data, print and save. Preview mode will not allow saving the form in a way that guarantees proper form on a PC: 1. Complete one or two fields on the application form 2. Save 3. Open on a PC to ensure

  9. E-Print Network 3.0 - adobe photoshop cs3 Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Grafikbearbeitungssoftware: - Ulead DVD PowerTools 2 - Adobe Photoshop CS3 - Windows Media Encoder Wiedergabesoftware: - Windows Media... Grafikbearbeitungssoftware: - Adobe...

  10. Acrobat PDFMaker 5.0 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker 5.0 More Documents &

  11. U-104: Adobe Flash Player Multiple Vulnerabilities | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    have been reported in Adobe Flash Player, which can be exploited by malicious people to conduct cross-site scripting attacks, bypass certain security restrictions, and...

  12. U-241: Adobe Flash Player Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    41: Adobe Flash Player Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and Obtain Information U-241: Adobe Flash Player Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and Obtain...

  13. ADOBE PHOTOSHOP 5.0 Back to Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durand, Frédo

    Tutorial ADOBE PHOTOSHOP 5.0 Back to Contents Photo Retouching Adobe® Photoshop® provides you techniques for basic image correction by stepping you through the process of acquiring, resizing correct problems in composition and sharpen the overall focus of the image. Basic steps Most retouching

  14. ADOBE PHOTOSHOP 5.0 Back to Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durand, Frédo

    Tutorial ADOBE PHOTOSHOP 5.0 Back to Contents Layer Basics Adobe® Photoshop® lets you isolate flexibility in composing and revising an image. #12;LAYER BASICS PAGE 2 OF 11 In this lesson, you'll learn how about the Layers palette and layer options. #12;LAYER BASICS PAGE 3 OF 11 3 Choose File > Open. Locate

  15. ADOBE PHOTOSHOP 5.0 Back to Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durand, Frédo

    Tutorial ADOBE PHOTOSHOP 5.0 Back to Contents Working with Selections Learning how to select areas four basic sets of tools--the marquee, lasso, magic wand, and pen tools. In addition, you can use

  16. GATEWAY Demonstration Special Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE shares the results of completed GATEWAY demonstration projects, publishing detailed reports that include analysis of data collected, projected energy savings, economic analyses, and user feedback. Report briefs summarize key findings in a quick-scan format. Both the reports and briefs are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs.

  17. The Effect of LHC Jet Data on MSTW PDFs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. J. A. Watt; P. Motylinski; R. S. Thorne

    2014-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the effect on LHC jet cross sections on partons distribution functions (PDFs), in particular the MSTW2008 set of PDFs. We first compare the published inclusive jet data to the predictions using MSTW2008, finding a very good description. We also use the parton distribution reweighting procedure to estimate the impact of these new data on the PDFs, finding that the combined ATLAS 2.76 TeV and 7 TeV data, and CMS 7 TeV data have some significant impact. We then also investigate the impact of ATLAS, CMS and D0 dijet data using the same techniques. In this case we investigate the effect of using different scale choices for the NLO cross section calculation. We find that the dijet data is generally not completely compatible with the corresponding inclusive jet data, often tending to pull PDFs, particularly the gluon distribution, away from the default values. However, the effect depends on the dijet data set used as well as the scale choice. We also note that conclusions may be affected by limiting the pull on the data luminosity chosen by the best fit, which is sometimes a number of standard deviations. Finally we include the inclusive jet data in a new PDF fit explicitly. This enables us to check the consistency of the exact result with that obtained from the reweighting procedure. There is generally good, but not full quantitative agreement. Hence, the conclusion remains that MSTW2008 PDFs already fit the published jet data well, but the central values and uncertainties are altered and improved respectively by significant, but not dramatic extent by inclusion of these data.

  18. ISSO Information Alert Multiple Vulnerabilities in Adobe Flash

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    SHARING AND ANALYSIS CENTER CYBER SECURITY ADVISORY MS-ISAC ADVISORY NUMBER: 2012-014 DATE(S) ISSUED: 3 to take complete control of affected systems. Adobe Flash Player is a widely distributed multimedia or URL and distributes that file or URL to unsuspecting users via e-mail or some other means. When

  19. Factorization at the LHC: From PDFs to Initial State Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iain W. Stewart; Frank J. Tackmann; Wouter J. Waalewijn

    2010-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We study proton-(anti)proton collisions at the LHC or Tevatron in the presence of experimental restrictions on the hadronic final state and for generic parton momentum fractions. At the scale Q of the hard interaction, factorization does not yield standard parton distribution functions (PDFs) for the initial state. The measurement restricting the hadronic final state introduces a new scale \\mu_B Xl+l- where X is restricted to have no central jets. We comment on the extension to cases where the hadronic final state contains a certain number of isolated central jets.

  20. E-Print Network 3.0 - adobe photoshop cs4 Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    11 COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN THE GEOSCIENCES --FALL 2008 -- Summary: or to external media (DVD, USB stick, etc.) SECTION 2: ADOBE PHOTOSHOP PCs: Photoshop is located inside...

  1. E-Print Network 3.0 - adobe photoshop lightroom Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    24 COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN THE GEOSCIENCES --FALL 2008 -- Summary: or to external media (DVD, USB stick, etc.) SECTION 2: ADOBE PHOTOSHOP PCs: Photoshop is located inside...

  2. U-166: Adobe Shockwave Player Memory Corruption Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Multiple vulnerabilities were reported in Adobe Shockwave Player. A remote user can cause arbitrary code to be executed on the target user's system.

  3. Casas Adobes, Arizona: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainableCSL GasPermitsGreenCarrizoCarteretGrande, Arizona:Casas Adobes,

  4. T-627: Adobe Flash Player Memory Corruption | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014,Zaleski -BlueprintThisVulnerabilities | DepartmentDepartment|Adobe Flash

  5. T-549: Adobe ColdFusion 9.0.1 CHF1 and earlier

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability in Adobe ColdFusion before 9.0.1 CHF1 allows remote attackers to inject arbitrary web script or HTML via vectors involving a "tag script.

  6. T-604: Google Chrome updated version of the Adobe Flash player...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of the Adobe Flash player April 15, 2011 - 4:30am Addthis PROBLEM: Chrome Stable and Beta channels have been updated to 10.0.648.134 for Windows, Mac, Linux and Chrome Frame...

  7. T-569: Adobe Flash SWF File Processing Memory Corruption Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Critical vulnerabilities have been identified in Adobe Flash Player 10.1.102.64 and earlier versions for Windows, Macintosh, Linux, and Solaris. These vulnerabilities could cause the application to crash and could potentially allow an attacker to take control of the affected system.

  8. List of Publications (Reverse Chronological Order) Click on the blue publication numbers to access the full text pdfs. You may need to be logged in to your institution web pages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ojovan, Michael

    the full text pdfs. You may need to be logged in to your institution web pages to access some journal pages

  9. List of Publications (Reverse Chronological Order) Click on the blue publication numbers to access the full text pdfs. You may need to be logged in to your institution web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ojovan, Michael

    the full text pdfs. You may need to be logged in to your institution web pages to access some journal pages

  10. PDFs for nuclear targets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karol Kovarik

    2010-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding nuclear effects in parton distribution functions (PDF) is an essential component needed to determine the strange and anti-strange quark contributions in the proton. In addition Nuclear Parton Distribution Functions (NPDF) are critically important for any collider experiment with nuclei (e.g. RHIC, ALICE). Here two next-to-leading order chi^2-analyses of NPDF are presented. The first uses neutral current charged-lepton Deeply Inelastic Scattering (DIS) and Drell-Yan data for several nuclear targets and the second uses neutrino-nucleon DIS data. We compare the nuclear corrections factors (F_2^Fe/F_2^D) for the charged-lepton data with other results from the literature. In particular, we compare and contrast fits based upon the charged-lepton DIS data with those using neutrino-nucleon DIS data.

  11. FUPWG Meeting Agenda - Providence, Rhode Island | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    PDFs. Download Adobe Reader. Tuesday, April 13, 2010 FUPWG held a utility energy service contract (UESC) workshop prior to the Spring 2010 meeting. The workshop materials are...

  12. The Evolution of an Industrial Marketing Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breeden, K.

    Multiple #31;les are bound together in this PDF Package. Adobe recommends using Adobe Reader or Adobe Acrobat version 8 or later to work with documents contained within a PDF Package. By updating to the latest version, you?ll enjoy the following...

  13. Get Adobe Reader Now!

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM Flash2011-12 OPAMGeneral Guidance on NEPAGeothermalRenewable Energy

  14. Position Announcement for Certification Associate (Posted February 28, 2014)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Whendee

    and/or experience in materials chemistry, chemical hazard/risk assessment, materials reutilization concepts, energy accounting and renewable energy credits, green house gas of standard office software (MS Office suite, Adobe Acrobat, Google apps

  15. Adobe Solar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1AMEE Jump to:Ohio:

  16. Flavor Dependence of T-odd PDFs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leonard P. Gamberg; Gary R. Goldstein; Marc Schlegel

    2007-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The flavor dependence of the naive time reversal odd ("T-odd'') parton distributions for $u$- and $d$-quarks are explored in the spectator model. The flavor dependence of $h_{1}^{\\perp}$ is of significance for the analysis of the azimuthal $\\cos(2\\phi)$ asymmetries in unpolarized SIDIS and DY-processes, as well as for the overall physical understanding of the distribution of transversely polarized quarks in unpolarized nucleons. As a by-product of the formalism, we calculate the chiral-odd but ``T-even'' function $h_{1L}^{\\perp}$ which enables us to present a prediction for the single spin asymmetry $A_{UL}^{\\sin(2\\phi)}$ for a longitudinally polarized target in SIDIS.

  17. Masters Engineering ELITE Programme Applying Innovation in Engineering University of Toronto APS1013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    of the tools and techniques of innovation management including; strategic and systems thinking, business per team) ! Apply the 17 step Innovation Process Management Methodology Attend 2-3 hours training and a soft copy of the paper (using Microsoft Word, NOT an Adobe Acrobat PDF!) must be delivered by email

  18. Production of Teaching Material for Undergraduates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cameron, Peter

    onto transparency for use on an OHP. The package is designed to use sans serif fonts for text because, and the default to two column format. To use this all you need do is place the file smallslides.cls in your tex to Mac users. Many of us do not have Adobe Acrobat and Distiller installed on our machines, so Wilfrid

  19. Structural Bioinformatics Fall Semester, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerrigan, John, E.

    : on other unix systems you will need to use gunzip first, then tar xvf to untar the tarball.) followed to download. tar zxvf vmdtutorial.tar.gz rm vmdtutorial.tar.gz Use xpdf in Linux or Adobe Acrobat protein of interest to you). In addition, download a nucleic acid PDB file from the nucleic acids

  20. Desert design : re-thinking the adobe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richard, Paul N. (Paul Normand)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The focus of this thesis is the relationship between the natural landscape and the architecture of northern New Mexico. Through the design of a home and work-related out-buildings elements of reference are used to preserve ...

  1. acrobat distiller job: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 September 1999 Distillation Theory. by Ivar J. Halvorsen and Sigurd, Norway 12;2 DistillationTheory.fm 2 September 1999 Table of Contents Introduction . . . . ....

  2. SEIS-II - Instructions for Navigating through Acrobat Reader

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection245C Unlimited Release PrintedDEVIATIONS F Systematics

  3. Understanding the role of malicious PDFs in the malware ecosystem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Moitrayee

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    rest of the system, the malicious PDF has to find and exploit a vulnerability in the broker process API

  4. Microsoft PowerPoint - one line pdfs for 1222.pptx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaeferApril 1,(EAC) Richard2015MountainLLC TribalHouZe GT U.S.NeilTresPreliminary

  5. U-002:Adobe Photoshop Elements Multiple Memory Corruption Vulnerabilities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A remote user can create a file that, when loaded by the target user, will execute arbitrary code on the target user's system.

  6. HTML5 vs. Adobe Flash : from the end user standpoint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Alexandra

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For NetApp products to be the best in the market, NetApp has to make the correct technology decisions to insure it leads in innovation. In this thesis, I focus on a product called NetApp Unified Manager, examining whether ...

  7. V-131: Adobe Shockwave Player Multiple Vulnerabilities | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3EDepartment ofPrivileges |Vulnerabilities | DepartmentEnergy

  8. U-035: Adobe Flash Player Multiple Vulnerabilities | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssuesEnergyTransportation WorkDecemberInjury at FY 20113: Debian

  9. Get your cute baby animal fix | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.NewofGeothermal Heat Pump Basics Acrobat X or Adobe ReaderGet your

  10. Getting Energized

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.NewofGeothermal Heat Pump Basics Acrobat X or Adobe ReaderGet your

  11. Getting Energized!

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.NewofGeothermal Heat Pump Basics Acrobat X or Adobe ReaderGet

  12. Getting Inside Plants | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.NewofGeothermal Heat Pump Basics Acrobat X or Adobe

  13. Getting Inside Plants | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.NewofGeothermal Heat Pump Basics Acrobat X or AdobeGetting Inside

  14. Getting Started

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.NewofGeothermal Heat Pump Basics Acrobat X or AdobeGettingGetting

  15. PRESENTATIONS (GREEN UNDERGRADUATES; RED = GRADUATE STUDENTS; Blue = PDFS) AT MEETINGS, INVITED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hitchcock, Adam P.

    Biocompatibility, 41st Organosilicon Symposium, San Francisco, April 2008. 21. Brook, M. A., Exploiting Protein, Plenary lecture. 19. Brook, M. A., Structuring Inorganic Interfaces: What Minerals Can Teach Us About. 2007, Guanajuato, Mexico. 18. Michael A. Brook, David Thompson, Ryan Longenecker, Amanda Fawcett

  16. U-050: Adobe Flex SDK Input Validation Flaw Permits Cross-Site Scripting Attacks

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Flex applications created using the Flex SDK may not properly filter HTML code from user-supplied input before displaying the input.

  17. V-045: Adobe ColdFusion Lets Local Users Bypass Sandbox Restrictions |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3EDepartment of EnergyThe followingRemoteBypassDepartment of

  18. V-069: BlackBerry Tablet OS Adobe Flash Player and Samba Multiple

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3EDepartment of EnergyTheVulnerabilities

  19. V-110: Adobe Flash Player Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3EDepartment ofPrivileges | Department ofDepartment ofDepartment

  20. T-630: Security update available for Adobe Flash Player | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014,Zaleski -BlueprintThisVulnerabilities |

  1. T-638: Security update available for Adobe Flash Player | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2, 2015 - January 16, 2015 SummarySuspectofDepartment ofEnergy 38:

  2. U-241: Adobe Flash Player Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23,EnergyChicopeeTechnologyfactTuscaroraDepartment ofDepartment of|

  3. U-257: Adobe ColdFusion Unspecified Bug Lets Remote Users Deny Service |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23,EnergyChicopeeTechnologyfactTuscaroraDepartment ofDepartmentScriptingAttacks

  4. T-638: Security update available for Adobe Flash Player | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO Overview OCHCOSystems Analysis Success Stories Systems Analysis SuccessEnergy 38:

  5. V-176: Adobe Flash Player Memory Corruption Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015of 2005UNSDepartmentFebruaryPhase|PotomacDepartment ofConductThere isArbitrary

  6. V-197: Adobe ColdFusion 10 WebSockets Security Bypass Vulnerability |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartment of Energy Microsoft Security Bulletin Advance Notification

  7. COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN THE GEOSCIENCES For this lab, you will practice editing image files in Adobe Photoshop and construct a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith-Konter, Bridget

    "Save Target As" (PCs) or "Save Image As" (Macs). Save the file to your Lab3 folder on \\\\geobase a different editing technique and save to a different file type (ex., .jpg, .ps, .tiff, .pdf,) . Image 1 it to the appropriate location. Save your image as a jPEG file. Go to File Save As. Name your file Image_1

  8. The Death Star Migration is a practice-as-research project exploring concepts of human-to-place relationships and embodied wilderness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernes, Peter J.

    aerial apparatus, acrobatic stilts and infused ritual and Butoh influenced movement works. She also works

  9. The development of a new edition of the gamma-ray spectrum catalogues designed for presentation in electronic format

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heath, R.L.

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New editions of the original Gamma-ray Spectrum Catalogues are being prepared for publication in electronic format. The objective of this program is to produce versions of the Catalogues in CD-ROM format and as an Internet resource. Additions to the original content of the Catalogues will include integrated decay scheme drawings, tables of related decay data, and updated text on the techniques of gamma-ray spectrometry. Related decay data from the Evaluated Nuclear Structure Data File (ENSDF) are then added, and all data converted to the Adobe Acrobat (PDF) format for CD-ROM production and availability on the Internet. At a later date the catalogues will be expanded to include spectra representing the response of large-volume Ge detectors, alpha-particle spectra, prompt neutron capture and inelastic scattering gamma-ray spectra, and gross fission product spectra characteristic of fuel cycle waste materials. Characterization of radioactivity in materials is a requirement in many phases of radioactive waste management. Movement, shipping, treatment, all activities which involve handling of mixed waste or TRU categories of waste at all DOE sites will require that measurements and assessment documentation utilize basic nuclear data which are tracable to internationally accepted standard values. This program will involve the identification of data needs unique to the development and application of specialized detector systems for radioactive waste characterization.

  10. T-723:Adobe Flash Player Multiple Bugs Let Remote Users Obtain Information, Conduct Cross-Site Scripting Attacks, and Execute Arbitrary Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    An attacker can exploit this issue by enticing an unsuspecting victim into visiting a malicious website.

  11. Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Lime: GHG Inventory...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    GHG Inventory Protocols Read the CO2 Emissions Calculation Protocol for the Lime industry (PDF 229 KB) Download Acrobat Reader...

  12. Deep PDF parsing to extract features for detecting embedded malware.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Munson, Miles Arthur; Cross, Jesse S. (Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO)

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The number of PDF files with embedded malicious code has risen significantly in the past few years. This is due to the portability of the file format, the ways Adobe Reader recovers from corrupt PDF files, the addition of many multimedia and scripting extensions to the file format, and many format properties the malware author may use to disguise the presence of malware. Current research focuses on executable, MS Office, and HTML formats. In this paper, several features and properties of PDF Files are identified. Features are extracted using an instrumented open source PDF viewer. The feature descriptions of benign and malicious PDFs can be used to construct a machine learning model for detecting possible malware in future PDF files. The detection rate of PDF malware by current antivirus software is very low. A PDF file is easy to edit and manipulate because it is a text format, providing a low barrier to malware authors. Analyzing PDF files for malware is nonetheless difficult because of (a) the complexity of the formatting language, (b) the parsing idiosyncrasies in Adobe Reader, and (c) undocumented correction techniques employed in Adobe Reader. In May 2011, Esparza demonstrated that PDF malware could be hidden from 42 of 43 antivirus packages by combining multiple obfuscation techniques [4]. One reason current antivirus software fails is the ease of varying byte sequences in PDF malware, thereby rendering conventional signature-based virus detection useless. The compression and encryption functions produce sequences of bytes that are each functions of multiple input bytes. As a result, padding the malware payload with some whitespace before compression/encryption can change many of the bytes in the final payload. In this study we analyzed a corpus of 2591 benign and 87 malicious PDF files. While this corpus is admittedly small, it allowed us to test a system for collecting indicators of embedded PDF malware. We will call these indicators features throughout the rest of this report. The features are extracted using an instrumented PDF viewer, and are the inputs to a prediction model that scores the likelihood of a PDF file containing malware. The prediction model is constructed from a sample of labeled data by a machine learning algorithm (specifically, decision tree ensemble learning). Preliminary experiments show that the model is able to detect half of the PDF malware in the corpus with zero false alarms. We conclude the report with suggestions for extending this work to detect a greater variety of PDF malware.

  13. Forestry-based Carbon Sequestration Projects in Africa: Potential...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Resource assessment Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learnedbest practices, Case studiesexamples Website: www.worldagroforestry.orgdownloadspublicationsPDFs...

  14. Hydroacoustic Evaluation of Fish Passage Through Bonneville Dam in 2005

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ploskey, Gene R.; Weiland, Mark A.; Zimmerman, Shon A.; Hughes, James S.; Bouchard, Kyle E.; Fischer, Eric S.; Schilt, Carl R.; Hanks, Michael E.; Kim, Jina; Skalski, John R.; Hedgepeth, J.; Nagy, William T.

    2006-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The Portland District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers requested that the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conduct fish-passage studies at Bonneville Dam in 2005. These studies support the Portland District's goal of maximizing fish-passage efficiency (FPE) and obtaining 95% survival for juvenile salmon passing Bonneville Dam. Major passage routes include 10 turbines and a sluiceway at Powerhouse 1 (B1), an 18-bay spillway, and eight turbines and a sluiceway at Powerhouse 2 (B2). In this report, we present results of two studies related to juvenile salmonid passage at Bonneville Dam. The studies were conducted between April 16 and July 15, 2005, encompassing most of the spring and summer migrations. Studies included evaluations of (1) Project fish passage efficiency and other major passage metrics, and (2) smolt approach and fate at B1 Sluiceway Outlet 3C from the B1 forebay. Some of the large appendices are only presented on the compact disk (CD) that accompanies the final report. Examples include six large comma-separated-variable (.CSV) files of hourly fish passage, hourly variances, and Project operations for spring and summer from Appendix E, and large Audio Video Interleave (AVI) files with DIDSON-movie clips of the area upstream of B1 Sluiceway Outlet 3C (Appendix H). Those video clips show smolts approaching the outlet, predators feeding on smolts, and vortices that sometimes entrained approaching smolts into turbines. The CD also includes Adobe Acrobat Portable Document Files (PDF) of the entire report and appendices.

  15. List of Publications (Reverse Chronological Order) Click on the blue publication numbers to access the full text pdfs. You may need to be logged in to your institution web pages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ojovan, Michael

    Properties of Ca-Doped BiFeO3 Ceramics: From p-Type Semiconduction to Oxide-Ion Conduction, Nahum Mas and lead-free Ba2NdTi2Nb3O15 ceramics, L. Burianova, S. Panos, M. C. Stennett, A. R. West, G Subodh, M. T

  16. List of Publications (Reverse Chronological Order) Click on the blue publication numbers to access the full text pdfs. You may need to be logged in to your institution web pages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ojovan, Michael

    C. Apperley, Alan G. Jones, Chemical Engineering Science, 77, 4756 (2012) 440. Electrical Growth and Design, 11 (8), 33663374 (2011) 434. Thermally-induced cation disorder in LiFePO4 Jordi Jacas

  17. Find Clear

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    p align"left">

    Find Clear Slide Title Duration Status myMail@adobe.com http:Adobe.com More Info>>

  18. Web Conferencing

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Web Conferencing Adobe Connect Web Conferencing Revision Date: November 18, 2013 Prepared by: William Fisher Contents Overview ......

  19. The mathcomp package for using Text Companion fonts in math mode *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mintmire, John W.

    .g., say \\usepackage[ppl]{mathcomp} to make mathcomp use the Adobe Palatino (ppl) text companion fonts

  20. S:\\Training & Development Coordinator\\Signage System\\Signage System 140618 Adobe.doc Revised: 6/18/2014 Page 1 of 26 MSU Hazard Warning Signage System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    of duties requiring entry into potentially hazardous areas including, but not limited to educational areas") at MSU. Montana State University believes that a Hazard Warning Signage System (HWSS process for warning individuals who enter University potentially hazardous areas about the known potential

  1. Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Forest Products:...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    PDF documents. Download Acrobat Reader. Forest Products Case Studies Advanced Quality Control System for the Thermomechanical Pulping Process Improves Quality and Reduces...

  2. Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Mining: Resources...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Information Publications Case Studies Publications The Mining Industry Climate Action Plan (MICAP) (PDF 308 KB) Download Acrobat Reader MICAP focuses on carbon dioxide...

  3. Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Forest Products:...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    PDF documents. Download Acrobat Reader Methane DeNOx - improves biomass and sludge combustion efficiency (PDF 163 KB) Biomass Gasification - uses hog-fuel refuse to generate...

  4. Climate VISION: PrivateSector Initiatives: Mining

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Letters of IntentAgreements National Mining Association Logo Read the National Mining Association Commitment Letter (PDF 68 KB) Download Acrobat Reader...

  5. Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Minerals

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Commitment Letter (PDF 318 KB) Download Acrobat Reader For updates regarding IMA-NA participants see Work Plans and GHG Inventory Protocols. Page Last Modified: February 12, 2009...

  6. Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Business Roundtable...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Results Every Sector, One RESOLVE: A Progress Report on Business Roundtable's Climate RESOLVE Program, September 2004 (PDF 1.8 MB) Download Acrobat Reader...

  7. [ABC 98] R. Anderson, F. Bergadano, B. Crispo, J. Lee, C. Manifavas, and R. Needham. A new family of authentication protocols. ACM Operating Systems Review,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perrig, Adrian

    ://www.atmel.com/ atmel/acrobat/1065s.pdf, 2002. [ATW97] N. Asokan, G. Tsudik, and M. Waidner. Server-supported signatures

  8. Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Automobile Manufacturers...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    for Plant and Energy Managers, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, LBNL-50939 (PDF 792 KB). Download Acrobat Reader This report provides guidance to energy and...

  9. Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Iron and Steel: GHG...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    GHG Inventory Protocols Principles for a Steel Industry Methodology for Reporting Carbon-Related Energy Sources and Raw Materials (PDF 48 KB) Download Acrobat Reader Steel Industry...

  10. Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Magnesium: Resources...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Plant Assessments Greenhouse Gas Protocol (PDF 190 KB) Download Acrobat Reader Paper written by Bill Palmer, Cheminfo Services, Inc. Molten magnesium and its alloys are volatile...

  11. Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Oil and Gas: GHG...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Toward a Consistent Methodology for Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Oil and Natural Gas Industry Operations (PDF 378 KB) Download Acrobat Reader Addressing climate...

  12. AMO Test page

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy03osti/31919.pdfhttp://www1.eere.energy.gov/library/pdfs/itp/partnering_for_success.pdfhttp://www.eere.energy.gov/manufacturing/tech_deployment/pdfs/mtrmkt.pdfhttp://www...

  13. Method of collecting and processing electron diffraction data

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Billinge, Simon; Farrow, Christopher; Gorelik, Tatiana E; Kanatzidis, Mercouri; Schmidt, Martin U

    2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of using electron diffraction to obtain PDFs from crystalline, nanocrystalline, and amorphous inorganic, organic, and organometallic compound.

  14. --No Title--

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    topOutsetlong leftOutsetlong bottomOutsetlong rightOutsetlong8BIM( ?8BIM8BIM -k DJFIFHH AdobeCMAdobed k"?...

  15. Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Chemical Manufacturing...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Resources & Links Technical Information Publications Case Studies CD-ROMs Publications The following publications are available for download as Adobe PDF documents. Download...

  16. Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Aluminum: Resources...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Resources & Links Technical Information Publications Case Studies Publications Some of the following publications are available for download as Adobe PDF documents. Download...

  17. Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Iron and Steel: Resources...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Resources & Links Technical Information Publications Case Studies CD-ROMs Publications Some of the following publications are available for download as Adobe PDF documents....

  18. agile bandwidth management: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    EXPANSION Jinyu Han EECS department Northwestern University Gautham J. Mysore Advanced Technology Labs Adobe Systems Inc. Bryan Pardo EECS department Northwestern University. In...

  19. acionados por fonte: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    produced by fnsymbol will always match the text font family.g., say usepackagepplmathcomp to make mathcomp use the Adobe Palatino (ppl) text companion fonts The...

  20. acionados por fontes: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    produced by fnsymbol will always match the text font family.g., say usepackagepplmathcomp to make mathcomp use the Adobe Palatino (ppl) text companion fonts The...

  1. algumas fontes naturais: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    produced by fnsymbol will always match the text font family.g., say usepackagepplmathcomp to make mathcomp use the Adobe Palatino (ppl) text companion fonts The...

  2. DEFINIR HOMEPAGE Tera-feira, 28 de Maio de 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    dinossauro estão na Lourinhã Sismos: Técnicas tornam casas de adobe mais seguras Cientistas encontram sangue

  3. Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Iron and Steel: Results

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and the Energy Information Agency website for updates. Read the U.S. Steel Industry Energy Efficiency Fact Sheet (PDF 83 KB) Download Acrobat Reader Read Steel Is The New...

  4. Climate VISION: PrivateSector Initiatives: Minerals - Results

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Results View summary data on the IMA-NA Borates and Soda Ash Sections Greenhouse Gas Inventory 2000-2009 (PDF 16 KB) Download Acrobat Reader Page Last Modified: September 16, 2010...

  5. Computer News, Volume 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The math department has installed the program Acrobat in order to allow users to display and view things like TeX output on the web. I shall explain how to use...

  6. A panel of ten microsatellite loci for the Chagas disease vector Rhodnius prolixus (Hemiptera: Reduviidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steve Kemp

    , Universidad de Carabobo, Nucleo Aragua, and the Ministerio de Salud y Desarrollo Social, Instituto de Altos of Chagas disease in Venezuela, where it is found colonising rural housing consisting of unplastered adobe rural houses often formed from unplastered adobe walls with palm and/or metal roofs (Ach and Matos

  7. Attachment B PP/OP 05.09

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelfond, Michael

    (IN MMBTUS): Sufficient MMBtu's to satisfy full Gas Requirements of Buyer DELIVERY POINT: Natural gas pipeline interconnection of Northern Natural Gas Company and PowerTex/Adobe, Hockley County, Texas transportation charges from Power-Tex/Adobe (MarkWest) utility for service from the Citygate to the campus. Gas

  8. Reference number ISO 8601:2004(E)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shiliang

    Reference number ISO 8601:2004(E) ISO 2004 INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 8601 Third edition 2004'heure #12;ISO 8601:2004(E) PDF disclaimer This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance. The ISO Central Secretariat accepts no liability in this area. Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems

  9. Data:50066cd6-6f0a-4736-abde-c337186047ff | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    xeRegulatoryRegulatory%20PDFsMeSection5.pdf https:www.xcelenergy.comAboutUsRates&RegulationsRates,Rights&ServiceRulesMNRegulatoryRatesandTariffs Source...

  10. Site Environmental Report for 2010, Volumes 1 & 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baskin, David

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CMI Corrective Measures Implementation Acronyms and Abbreviations Site Environmental ReportReport for 2010 R-4 http://www.lbl.gov/ehs/erp/assets/pdfs/CMI%

  11. Observed and CAM3 GCM Sea Surface Wind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zender, Charles

    Observed and CAM3 GCM Sea Surface Wind Speed Distributions: Characterization, Comparison, and Bias climatological surface wind speed probability density functions (PDFs) estimated from observations and use them to evaluate, for the first time, contemporaneous wind PDFs predicted by a GCM. The ob- servations include NASA

  12. DIS2001 Bologna 2701 May 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PDFs Herwig5.9: * MRSA for the proton * SaS1D­LO parametrization of #3; PDFs * GRV­LO parametrization(#22; 2 =Q 2 ) non­pQCD #24; Q -4 Lepto: * MRSA for the proton * direct photons only ­ Dorian Kcira

  13. Safe Nanotechnology in the Work Space Different types of nanoparticles are made or used in various industrial processes. To

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Robert E.

    Safety Safe Nanotechnology in the Work Space Different types of nanoparticles are made or used://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2008-112/pdfs/2008-112.pdf http://www.nanoshel.com/buy-nanotubes.php #12;Safety Safe Nanotechnology-112/pdfs/2008-112.pdf #12;Safety Safe Nanotechnology in the Work Space Exposure: Inhalation--The most

  14. ASC Logo Use Guidelines | National Nuclear Security Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    EPS Format The file below contains the EPS format in Adobe Illustrator(tm) for use by graphic designers who produce multi-color documents for offset printing. The EPS logos are...

  15. Proposals with computer/laptop and software purchases: In order to use agency funds to pay for computers, software and peripherals,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    graphics output functions for wave-energy modeling. Funds have been requested to purchase a computer as processing of vector and raster graphics. Funds are requested to purchase Adobe SpeedGrade CS6 to enable

  16. SHERRY A. SEYBOLD 2115 Hellings Avenue Home: 510/236-9310

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ajo-Franklin, Jonathan

    reported to Department of Energy. · Create and prepare graphics, complex charts and figures in many graphics, digital imaging, layout and web applications (Adobe Illustrator, Photoshop, In, books, magazines, and displays. · Responsible for design, production and implementation of graphics

  17. Career Center programs are provided without regard to race, color, religion, origin, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, age and/or disability. Reasonable accommodations for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Xiao

    Child Development Center Chipotle Christmas in the Park Cinequest, Inc. Cinergy Technology, Inc. Cirtec Associates, Inc. Classic Vacation Coach Cognizant Technology Solotions Coherent, Inc. Comerica Commissioning. Adobe Systems, Inc. Aerotek AF Gomes, Inc. Agilent Technologies Akamai Technologies Akria Technologies

  18. T-661: ColdFusion Security Hotfix | APSB11-14, ColdFusion Important...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and UNIX. These vulnerabilities could lead to a cross-site request forgery (CSRF) or a remote denial-of-service (DoS). Adobe recommends users update their product installation...

  19. STATE OF NEW JERSEY COUNCIL OF NEW JERSEY STATE COLLEGE LOCALS,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rainforth, Emma C.

    using Adobe Reader's search feature. #12;i TABLE OF CONTENTS ARTICLE PAGE PREAMBLE ........................................................................................1 I Recognition and Definition of Terms.....................................1 II Non hereto have entered into collective negotiations and desire to reduce the results thereof to writing, NOW

  20. Earthquake Preparedness 1 | P a g e (Rev. 2010-07-16)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groppi, Christopher

    battery or standby charge device for your phone. During an Earthquake If You Are Indoors: Stay where you are in an unreinforced building, such as an adobe house. Doors swing during earthquakes and you could be injured trying

  1. --No Title--

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Adobed

  2. Signature of a universal statistical description for drift-wave plasma turbulence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, Johan; Xanthopoulos, Pavlos [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, IPP-Euratom Association, Teilinstitut Greifswald, D-17491 Greifswald (Germany)

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This letter provides a theoretical interpretation of numerically generated probability density functions (PDFs) of intermittent plasma transport events. Specifically, nonlinear gyrokinetic simulations of ion-temperature-gradient turbulence produce the time series of heat flux that manifestly exhibit non-Gaussian PDFs with enhanced tails. It is demonstrated that, after the removal of autocorrelations, the numerical PDFs can be matched with predictions from a fluid theoretical setup based on the instanton method. This result points to a universality in the modeling of intermittent stochastic process offering a predictive capability.

  3. Parton distributions at the dawn of the LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefano Forte

    2010-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We review basic ideas and recent developments on the determination of the parton substructure of the nucleon, in view of applications to precision hadron collider physics. We review the way information on parton distributions (PDFs) is extracted from the data exploiting QCD factorization, and discuss the current main two approaches to parton determination (Hessian and Monte Carlo) and their use in conjunction with different kinds of parton parametrization. We summarize the way different physical processes can be used to constrain different aspects of PDFs. We discuss the meaning, determination and use of parton uncertainties. We briefly summarize the current state of the art on PDFs for LHC physics.

  4. AND THIS IS: SoHE CMS Manual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    in ................................................................................................................................ 3 Page types within the dashboard ............................................................................................. 16 Adding to the media library: images and PDFs .............................................................................. 17 Adding an image from the media library to a post or page

  5. Sawnee EMC- Solar Photovoltaic Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Sawnee EMC offers a rebate of $300 per kilowatt (kW) to residential customers who install photovoltaic (PV) systems that meet the cooperative's [http://www.sawnee.com/Rate%20Pdfs/NEM%20Rider.pdf...

  6. Current Size and Remaining Market Potential of the U.S. Energy Service Company Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Elizabeth

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    data/2009/. DOE. 2007. ESPC IDIQ Continuation Plan. U.S.www1.eere.energy.gov/femp/pdfs/espc_faqs.pdf. FEMP (FederalProgram). 2013b. DOE IDIQ ESPC Awarded Projects Summary.

  7. Ref: RMM Program #301 Standard Operating Procedures Page 1 of 4 Name of SOP Fluidized bed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Michael

    with adequate training as defined above. PDFs Equipment and supplies required Ladder Personal protective several days to attain (heating) the specified temperature and cool down (cooling) to room temperature

  8. Visit the National Academies Press online, the authoritative source for all books from the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the Institute of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to be notified when new books are published Purchase printed books Purchase PDFs Explore with our in the early deployment of environmental technologies for power plants, which depart substantially from the log

  9. Proton structure at the LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartland, Nathan Philip

    2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A determination of Parton Distribution Functions (PDFs) from a global fit to a dataset including measurements from the LHC has been performed for the first time. The determinations have been performed according to the ...

  10. 296 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATION SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, VOL. 9, NO. 2, APRIL 2012 Performance Assessment and Design for Univariate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jiandong

    (PDFs) of the univariate process variable in the normal and abnormal conditions. Thus, a new method to various industrial plants in- cluding power, chemical, and petrochemical plants. Index Terms-- Averaged

  11. Teaching Organic Farming and Gardening: Resources for Instructors, 3rd Edition. Part 2 - Applied Soil Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    related to soils and compost; many are available as PDFs.to the soil via manure or compost, other nutrients leave thegarden is recycled, from compost and manures. Compost and

  12. 2008 Solar Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    London: New Energy Finance. CSP Today. (May 12, 2009). covers global and U.S. PV and CSP industry trends. Sectionwww.eere.energy.gov/solar/pdfs/csp_water_study.pdf. U.S.

  13. Nucleon spin structure resultsNucleon spin structure results (from the HERMES experiment)(from the HERMES experiment)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hot topicstopics inin spinspin physicsphysics:: Moments and QCD-fits of PDFs Strange sea polarisation; SU(3)f data setHERMES data set mostmost precise and completeprecise and complete inin valencevalence

  14. Site Environmental Report for 2012, Volumes 1 & 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pauer, Ron

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CMI Corrective Measures Implementation Site Environmental Reportassets/pdfs/CMI%20Approval_Aug 05.pdf. 24. LBNL, Report ofthe final report to DTSC on August 6. 24 As part of the CMI

  15. Structure of a single-chain Fv bound to the 17 N-terminal amino acids of huntingtin provides insights into pathogenic amyloid formation and suppression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Genst, Erwin; Chirgadze, Dimitri Y.; Klein, Fabrice A. C.; Butler, David C.; Matak-Vinkovi?, Dijana; Trottier, Yvon; Huston, James S.; Messer, Anne; Dobson, Christopher M.

    2015-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    . Protein acrobatics in pairsdimerization via domain swapping. Curr Opin Struct Biol 2009;19:3949. [44] Newcomer ME. Protein folding and three-dimensional 2177domain swapping: a strained relationship? Curr Opin Struct Biol 2002;12:4853. [45] Yang S, Cho...

  16. Academic Employee Vacation Record The Academic Vacation Policy can be found online at http://www1.umn.edu/regents/policies.html and then select either (1) Policy Index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    Academic Employee Vacation Record The Academic Vacation Policy can be found online at http://www1.umn.edu/regents/policies.html and then select either (1) Policy Index ­ Acrobat , or (2) Policy Index ­ HTML. Scroll down to the section labeled Human Resrources. The policy is titled Vacation. Employee Name

  17. Parton distribution function uncertainties & nuclear corrections for the LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schienbein, I; Keppel, C; Morfn, J G; Olness, Fredrick I; Owens, J F

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study nuclear effects of charged current deep inelastic neutrino-iron scattering in the framework of a chi^2 analysis of parton distribution functions (PDFs). We extract a set of iron PDFs which are used to compute x_Bj-dependent and Q^2-dependent nuclear correction factors for iron structure functions which are required in global analyses of free nucleon PDFs. We compare our results with nuclear correction factors from neutrino-nucleus scattering models and correction factors for charged lepton-iron scattering. We find that, except for very high x_Bj, our correction factors differ in both shape and magnitude from the correction factors of the models and charged-lepton scattering.

  18. A simple model for the distribution of quiet Sun magnetic field strengths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Sanchez Almeida

    2006-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive a first order linear differential equation describing the shape of the probability density function of magnetic field strengths in the quiet Sun (PDF). The modeling is very schematic. It considers convective motions which continuously supply and withdraw magnetic structures. In addition, a magnetic amplification mechanism increases the field strength up to a threshold that cannot be exceeded. These three basic ingredients provide PDFs in good agreement with the PDFs produced by realistic numerical simulations of magneto convection, as well as with quiet Sun PDFs inferred from observations. In particular, the distribution is approximately lognormal, and it produces an excess of magnetic fields (i.e., a 'hump' in the distribution) right before the maximum field strength. The success of this simple model may indicate that only a few basic ingredients shape the quiet Sun PDF. Our approach provides a concise parametric representation of the PDF, as required to develop automatic methods of diagnostics.

  19. Rotation Rate of Particle Pairs in Homogeneous Isotropic Turbulence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daddi-Moussa-Ider, Abdallah

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding the dynamics of particles in turbulent flow is important in many environmental and industrial applications. In this paper, the statistics of particle pair orientation is numerically studied in homogeneous isotropic turbulent flow, with Taylor microscale Rynolds number of 300. It is shown that the Kolmogorov scaling fails to predict the observed probability density functions (PDFs) of the pair rotation rate and the higher order moments accurately. Therefore, a multifractal formalism is derived in order to include the intermittent behavior that is neglected in the Kolmogorov picture. The PDFs of finding the pairs at a given angular velocity for small relative separations, reveals extreme events with stretched tails and high kurtosis values. Additionally, The PDFs are found to be less intermittent and follow a complementary error function distribution for larger separations.

  20. ISO/IEC JTC1/SC7 Software & Systems Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kindler, Ekkart

    ISO/IEC JTC1/SC7 Software & Systems Engineering Secretariat: CANADA (SCC) Address reply to: ISO Notre Dame Ouest, Montral, Qubec Canada H3C 1K3 secretariat@jtc1-sc7.org www.jtc1-sc7.org ISO/IEC JTC1 Members Medium Acrobat No. of Pages 54 Note #12;ISO/IEC JTC1/SC7 WD 19509-2 Date 2005-07-03 Reference

  1. Physics Pathway: A Digital Library Filled with Synthetic Interviews*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christel, Mike

    Physics Pathway: A Digital Library Filled with Synthetic Interviews* Michael G. Christel-412-268-7796 sms@cs.cmu.edu Dean Zollman Department of Physics Kansas State University Manhattan, KS 66506 1-785-532-1619 dzollman@phys.ksu.edu ABSTRACT Physics Pathway is a digital library available through an Adobe Flash portal

  2. Last Updated: May 7, 2013 (wr) Before you begin your application for promotion and/or tenure, please read the following instructions /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemmers, Oliver

    and ready to submit in final form), please sign the application with a digital signature. This will lock your .pdf to prevent any further changes as the form goes through the review process. Recommendation Version: Create a Digital Signature to Lock and then Save the file 1. If you have an Adobe digital ID

  3. An Interactive Flash Website for Oral Histories* Michael G. Christel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christel, Mike

    -tested with The HistoryMakers and Harrisburg Living Legacy oral history archives, showing the value of an Adobe Flash oral histories, and the Highmark Blue Shield Living Legacy Series, Harrisburg, PA, recording the memories of 150 Harrisburg area residents in celebration of the city of Harrisburg's 150 years

  4. STANFORD HISTORICAL SOCIETY FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE April 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Straight, Aaron

    the old road's condition, which went from knee-deep dust in summer to nearly impassible adobe mud after winter rains," Cottle writes. Stanford's base map has changed repeatedly since construction, construction, and traffic flow. Since the first edition, Lane A, a service road off Campus Drive, has had its

  5. Chase Field Civic Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shumway, John

    .E. England Building AEEB 3C 424 N. Central Ave. Arizona Center for Law and SocietyACLS 3D 111 E. Taylor St Shuttle A B C D E F G H 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 ASU Layered Map *The layer view option is only available with Adobe

  6. This document is scheduled to be published in the Federal Register on 08/26/2013 and available online at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    accurately reflect actual bycatch in New England sink gillnets due to fishery-wide changes in fishing). Attachments to electronic comments will be accepted in Microsoft Word, Excel, or Adobe PDF file formats only planning process can be downloaded from the Plan web site at http://www.nero.noaa.gov/hptrp/. Copies

  7. 159.235 Graphics 1 159.235 Graphics & Graphical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawick, Ken

    159.235 Graphics 1 159.235 Graphics & Graphical Programming Lecture 1 - GRAPHICS Overview #12;159.235 Graphics 2 What's this course all about? Not! Paint and Imaging packages (Adobe Photoshop) Cad packages (Digimation) Graphics APIs (OpenGL) Graphics Modelling and Languages (RenderMan) #12;159.235 Graphics 3 What

  8. Thank you for joining: Managing Up

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    Thank you for joining: Managing Up: The secret to exceeding expectations, navigating transitions with Adobe Connect, please call 18004223623. #12;Managing Up: The secret to exceeding expectations is your situation? #12;Managing Up 3 Key Questions 1. Why do it? 2. What is it? 3. How do you do it? #12

  9. Soda Lake Well Lithology Data and Geologic Cross-Sections

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faulds, James E.

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Comprehensive catalogue of drill?hole data in spreadsheet, shapefile, and Geosoft database formats. Includes XYZ locations of well heads, year drilled, type of well, operator, total depths, well path data (deviations), lithology logs, and temperature data. Plus, 13 cross?sections in Adobe Illustrator format.

  10. Efficient Coding and Bayesian Estimation with Neural Populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simoncelli, Eero

    being down to ride bikes and chill at Le Basket; and Rob Young, for fixing my computer every time papers, helping me put together talks, teaching me Adobe Illustrator and aspects of design so I could, but are first convolved with a linear filter then exponentiated. We map this simple cascade onto a compact

  11. UNL College of Architecture 2012 -2013 Required Software: Help Sheet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    .99 Mac users have the option to purchase Office 2008 for OS X. This includes Word, Excel, Power: Design Premium is available for purchase at the University Computer Store in the 501 Building (402 with Adobe. Because of this students in the Omaha program should purchase their licenses directly through

  12. Attaching UI Enhancements to Websites with End Users Michael Toomim1, Steven M. Drucker2, Mira Dontcheva3, Ali Rahimi4, Blake Thomson1, James A. Landay1Michael Toomim1, Steven M. Drucker2, Mira Dontcheva3, Ali Rahimi4, Blake Thomson1, James A. Landay1Mich

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    mirad@adobe.com 4Intel Research Berkeley ali.rahimi@intel.com ABSTRACT We present reform, a system scraper. Instead they use reform, which allows novice end users to attach the enhancement to their favorite sites with a scraping by-example interface. reform makes en- hancements easier to program while

  13. Loomis Grammar School 3505 Taylor Road, Loomis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrara, Katherine W.

    the industry standard Adobe Premiere Pro. July 15-19 · Aquaponics & Agriscience: Grades 5-8 This week long class will highlight principles of agriscience using Del Oro High School's aquaponics system and school farming techniques, biotechnology and the economics of food production. The aquaponics system

  14. BOSTON COLLEGE WOMEN'S RESOURCE CENTER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    and time to be agreed upon by staff). Coordinate campus-wide projects and programs on a variety of women, filing, operating phones) Demonstrate some computer skills (specifically MS Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Publisher; preferred Adobe InDesign, Photoshop, and web design) #12;BOSTON COLLEGE WOMEN'S RESOURCE CENTER

  15. available to OSU students at any can be accessed from any computer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    a citation. WHERE TO SAVE DOCUMENTS #12;1 4 2 In Microsoft Office, i.e. Word, Excel, PowerPoint,: click File Save As... In Adobe, i.e. PDF documents,: at the top left, click Find the "Save In" drop down arrow. Select the location where you want your document saved. For floppy/diskette select "3 1/2 in

  16. 2012 Undergraduate Research & Artistry Day Poster Printing Instructions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karonis, Nicholas T.

    an accurate account of your work, this must be saved both as a PDF and JPEG file. How to save as a PDF: How to save as a JPEG: Open PPT document Return to the original PPT file, Click "Office" Button Click "Office" Button Select "Save As" Select "Save As" Select Adobe PDF

  17. June 6, 2007 Large-Scale Scientific Computations'07, Sozopol, Bulgaria -p. 1/29 Multiscale Modeling and Simulation of Fluid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popov, Peter

    in porous media (soil, porous rocks, etc.) x Elasticity problems in composite materials (adobe, concrete/29 Presentation outline s Brief overview of upscaling methods in deformable porous media s The Fluid upscaling of flow in deformable porous media #12;June 6, 2007 Large-Scale Scientific Computations'07

  18. Residential Thermal Mass Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thieken, J. S.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The southwest has long known the value of building homes with high mass materials. The ancient Pueblo Indians found that by using "adobe" they could capture the energy necessary to survive the harsh desert climate. Our ancestors knew that a heavy...

  19. Ellucian Product Banner, Colleague, PowerCAMPUS, Luminis and Datatel are trademarks of Ellucian or its affiliates and are registered in the U.S. and other

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lotko, William

    a document? To locate a topic or term within a document, you can set up a search: 1 Go to View > Show the document you want to search. 3 Enter keyword(s) in the Find box. Adobe Reader will highlight words search a document? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 How do I set

  20. South Of Espanola; North Of Pojoaque At Intersection of NM399 and US 84/285 Turn onto 399(WSW),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurien, Susan

    will be on your left, Go to third house on right (#18 on fence), 1.5 story adobe with passive solar Windows facing at Affordable Price Or Possible Lease or Lease to Purchase 18 Terrace Farm Rd LaMesilla, NM 2 story passive the Puye Ruins on Santa Clara Pueblo. House is oriented with huge solar windows facing due south toward

  1. HEGIS CLASSIFICATIONS (THIS DOCUMENT IS KEYWORD SEARCHABLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segraves, Kari A.

    HEGIS CLASSIFICATIONS (THIS DOCUMENT IS KEYWORD SEARCHABLE USING THE "FIND" TOOL IN YOUR ADOBE, research projects, etc. having to do with the production of food and management of natural fiber, plant, forest, and wildlife resources. 0101 Agriculture, general 0102 Agronomy (field crops, crop management

  2. Constraints on spin-dependent parton distributions at large x from global QCD analysis

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Jimenez-Delgado, Pedro [JLAB; Avakian, Harut A. [JLAB; Melnitchouk, Wally [JLAB

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the behavior of spin-dependent parton distribution functions (PDFs) at large parton momentum fractions x in the context of global QCD analysis. We explore the constraints from existing deep-inelastic scattering data, and from theoretical expectations for the leading x -> 1 behavior based on hard gluon exchange in perturbative QCD. Systematic uncertainties from the dependence of the PDFs on the choice of parametrization are studied by considering functional forms motivated by orbital angular momentum arguments. Finally, we quantify the reduction in the PDF uncertainties that may be expected from future high-x data from Jefferson Lab at 12 GeV.

  3. Parton distribution functions and nuclear EMC effect in a statistical model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lijing Shao; Yunhua Zhang; Bo-Qiang Ma

    2010-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A new and simple statistical approach is performed to calculate the parton distribution functions (PDFs) of the nucleon in terms of light-front kinematic variables. Analytic expressions of x-dependent PDFs are obtained in the whole x region. And thereafter, we treat the temperature T as a parameter of the atomic number A to explain the nuclear EMC effect in the region $x \\in [0.2, 0.7]$. We give the predictions of PDF ratios, and they are very different from those by other models, thus experiments aiming at measuring PDF ratios are suggested to provide a discrimination of different models.

  4. Constraints on spin-dependent parton distributions at large x from global QCD analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jimenez-Delgado, P. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); Avakian, H. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); Melnitchouk, W. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the behavior of spin-dependent parton distribution functions (PDFs) at large parton momentum fractions x in the context of global QCD analysis. We explore the constraints from existing deep-inelastic scattering data, and from theoretical expectations for the leading x ? 1 behavior based on hard gluon exchange in perturbative QCD. Systematic uncertainties from the dependence of the PDFs on the choice of parametrization are studied by considering functional forms motivated by orbital angular momentum arguments. Finally, we quantify the reduction in the PDF uncertainties that may be expected from future high-x data from Jefferson Lab at 12 GeV.

  5. Limestone sand (Figure 1) has come into wide use in the treatment of waters acidified by acid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Elizabeth W.

    rain or acid mine drainage. Its low cost makes it especially attractive, particularly at remote sites is available from the College of Agricultural Sciences Publications Distribution Center, 112 Ag. Administration://pubs.cas.psu.edu/freepubs/pdfs/UH157.pdf/. Summary of Limestone Sand Pros and Cons Pros Cons -No maintenance -Inconsistent results

  6. National Sea Grant Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    National Sea Grant Library The New Library System and Publication Submittals Communications Staff;Publication Submittals Publication types consolidated here for searching purposes Editor field added Link Type Document Is default Add link title "View PDF" = PDFs "View Document" = other docs

  7. Large-eddy simulation/probability density function modeling of a non-premixed CO/H2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;applicable to practical devices such as gas turbine combustors and internal combustion engines [2 4]. In LES School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA b Combustion PDFs of compositions. 2012 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved

  8. Polarised Drell-Yan physics at COMPASS Celso Franco, on behalf of the COMPASS collaboration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    Polarised Drell-Yan physics at COMPASS Celso Franco, on behalf of the COMPASS collaboration LIP, Av. Elias Garcia 14 - 1 1000-149 Lisboa The COMPASS experiment at CERN is one of the leading experiments PDFs without involving fragmentation functions (FFs). COMPASS aims to per- form the first ever

  9. Program Name (DOE) Submission Deadline Announcement # Grant Description Web Site / PDF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the SunShot Prize aims to spur low-cost rooftop solar be found at: http://www1.eere.energy.gov/solar/pdfs/sunshot_prize_rules.pdf http://www1.eere.energyProgram Name (DOE) Submission Deadline Announcement # Grant Description Web Site / PDF Limited

  10. Heavy Quarks: Lessons Learned from HERA and Tevatron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fredrick Olness; Ingo Schienbein

    2008-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We review some of the recent developments which have enabled the heavy quark mass to be incorporated into both the calculation of the hard-scattering cross section and the PDFs. We compare and contrast some of the schemes that have been used in recent global PDF analyses, and look at issues that arise when these calculations are extended to NNLO.

  11. Examples of Decisions That Increased Risk At Macondo While Potentially Saving Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ://www.gomr.boemre.gov/PDFs/2009/2009-016.pd f; U.S. Energy Information Administration, This Week in Petroleum: Production, Proved/27/96 Tana Oil and Gas Corporation 12/03/96 Amoco Production Company 01/10/97 BHP Petroleum, Inc. 03 $300 Real2005Doallars(Millions) MMS Budget and Gulf of Mexico Crude Oil Production, 1984

  12. Effect of migrating bed topography on flow turbulence: implications for modeling sediment transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foufoula-Georgiou, Efi

    recent results related to the space-time characterization of gravel bed elevation, near-bed 3D turbulence may not be published in the printed book but will be used in review and editing and may be used in web of these PDFs from Gaussian form calls for looking beyond the distribution of the energy across scales (spectrum

  13. hal-00274202,version1-17Apr2008 LAPTH-1244/08

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    hal-00274202,version1-17Apr2008 LAPTH-1244/08 Constraints on nuclear gluon densities from J/ data to constrain the par- ton distributions in nuclei. The first set of nuclear parton densities (nPDFs) at leading of the gluon nuclear distributions. The EKS set has been widely used ever since to predict the nuclear

  14. Characterizing synoptic and cloud variability in the Northern Atlantic using self-organizing maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fish, Carly Sue

    2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . . . . . . . . 16 4 Results 19 4.1 June . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 4.2 January . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 4.3 Joint variability of cloud fraction with vertical motion and EIS... heights using the same contour limits and intervals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 LIST OF FIGURES vii 4.9 Cloud properties for four patterns in January. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 4.10 Joint PDFs of cloud fraction and EIS...

  15. Comparison of Monte Carlo generator predictions from Powheg and Sherpa to ATLAS measurements of top pair production at 7 TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The ATLAS collaboration

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This note summarizes some of the latest Monte Carlo generator studies using ttbar events in ATLAS. Variations of the h_damp parameters and PDFs in the Powheg+Pythia8 setup are compared to ATLAS measurements of ttbar production. In addition, Powheg+Pythia6, Powheg+Herwig++ and Sherpa MEPS@NLO are also compared to the same measurements.

  16. Forest Certification in Brazil Peter H. May

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forest Certification in Brazil Peter H. May Executive Secretary, Brazilian Agroforestry Network Studies New Haven, Connecticut, USA June 10 & 11, 2004 http://www.yale.edu/forestcertification/symposium/pdfs/brazil, Economic, and Ecological Effects Brazil DRAFT PAPERS PLEASE DO NOT CITE 2 ABSTRACT This paper reviews

  17. Testing Center, 585 Student Academic Services Building, 281 West Lane Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210-1132 testing.osu.edu | Fax: 614-292-7199 | Email: esue-testing@osu.edu | Phone: 614-292-2241

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Elevators are located in the center of the building. For more parking options visit Campus Parc: http is still ongoing. Students must adhere to all policies set forth by the Code of Student Conduct, available online at: http://studentaffairs.osu.edu/pdfs/csc_12-31-07.pdf. Violations of the Code of Student

  18. Gallium Nitride Integrated Gas/Temperature Sensors for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    precision and accuracy Field test for reliability and lifetime 1) Sensor Needs and Requirements://www.ott.doe.gov/pdfs/sensor_needs.pdf #12;4 Approach GaN based devices and circuits are an attractive option for high temperature electronic) and hydrogen (30-70%) 80% Complete 2- Determine confounding effects due to multiple components 80% Complete 3

  19. CLBE001-ESS2E October 14, 2006 15:55 Encyclopedia of the Solar System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CLBE001-ESS2E October 14, 2006 15:55 Encyclopedia of the Solar System Second Edition Editors corrections. Mail: Please print pdfs, annotate your corrections, and mail them to Frank Scott ESS Project edition. With best regards, The Editors 0 #12;CLBE001-ESS2E October 14, 2006 15:55 100-C 25-C 50-C 75-C C

  20. Constraints on pdf uncertainties from CDF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Issever, C.; /Oxford U.

    2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent electroweak measurements and jet physics results from CDF which constrain the parton density functions (PDFs) are presented. Measurements of the W charge asymmetry, W and Z as well as jet cross sections based on k{sub T} and midpoint algorithm with up to 1 fb{sup -1} RunII data are discussed.

  1. Refworks Quick Guide Go to www.refworks.com/refworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    provided and click Save when finished. Save pdfs within Refworks. 1. Consider saving a copy of the pdf file (saved on PC) to attach. Select Open. Click on Add attachment. Import citations directly from certain create the folder. Then select all records from the Last Imported File. Save to new folder. Import

  2. TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES CITING THE INTERNET USING CSE STYLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ://www.ncemch.org/pubs/PDFs/breastfeedingTIB.pdf Internet monograph (standard citation to a part) Inhalent abuse [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Institute on Drug Abuse (US); 1994 [revised 2000 Jul; cited 2001 Mar 1]. How can inhalent abuse Care [Internet]. 1997 Apr [cited 1997 Nov 4];2(3):[about 10 p.]. Available from: http

  3. Update on Neural Network Parton Distributions: NNPDF1.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NNPDF Collaboration; Juan Rojo; Richard D. Ball; Luigi Del Debbio; Stefano Forte; Alberto Guffanti; Jose I. Latorre; Andrea Piccione; Maria Ubiali

    2008-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We present recent progress within the NNPDF parton analysis framework. After a brief review of the results from the DIS NNPDF analysis, NNPDF1.0, we discuss results from an updated analysis with independent parametrizations for the strange and anti-strange distributions, denoted by NNPDF1.1. We examine the phenomenological implications of this improved analysis for the strange PDFs.

  4. Sensitivityindex Rank of Sensitivity index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villa-vialaneix, Nathalie

    , Marco1 ; Tarantola, Stefano2 ; Busto, Mirko1 ; Villa-Vialaneix Nathalie3.4 Abstract Process-based model, Institute for Environment and Sustainability; 2 Stefano Tarantola: European Commission, Joint Research the marginal pdfs of the k input parameters using a quasi-Monte Carlo generator (Sobol', 1967) is generated. 2

  5. ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY & HEALTH DIVISION 25 May 2010 SLAC-I-720-0A29Z-001-R023.5 1 of 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wechsler, Risa H.

    May 2010 URL: http://www-group.slac.stanford.edu/esh/eshmanual/pdfs/aboutthismanual.pdf 1 Purpose and revised following Publishing: ESH Manual Revision Procedure (SLAC-I-740-0A02C-001) Publishing: ESH;ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY & HEALTH DIVISION Chapter 0: About This Manual Publishing: ESH Manual Revision Procedure

  6. SSRL Users' Organization Meeting Notes October 19, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wechsler, Risa H.

    at the annual meeting, see talk posted at http://www- conf.slac.stanford.edu/ssrl-lcls/2010/pdfs/2010_SSRL. There may be additional opportunities related to LCLS and additional infrastructure investments that could are the typical issues raised by users? How can we can encourage and facilitate interaction between SSRL and LCLS

  7. June 6, 2005 H. Meyer ELECTROWEAK RESULTS at HERA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    June 6, 2005 H. Meyer ELECTROWEAK RESULTS at HERA Hinrich Meyer University of Wuppertal #12;June 6, 2005 H. Meyer OUTLINE HERA and Experiments Structure Function Data EW-STM + pdf`s W-Mass in CC U, 2005 H. Meyer Ep COLLIDER and EXPERIMENTS #12;June 6, 2005 H. Meyer LUMINOSITY and POLARISATION #12

  8. College of Engineering (COE) Chemical & Biological Engineering (ChBE)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    (WTI) FALL ENROLLMENT 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Male 1,940 1,870 1,848 1,823 1,779 Female 329 275 242 of these areas. For details, visit www.coe.montana.edu/ newcoe/PDFs/2007StrategicPlanHighlights.pdf WTI $5.2 million annual research expenditures The Western Transportation Institute's (WTI) re- search programs

  9. Brain Changes in 676 ADNI subjects: Summary of 10 Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Paul

    & Automated Hippocampal Maps Paul Thompson and the UCLA ADNI Team* *Xue Hua, Jon Morra, Alex Leow, Yi-Yu Chou, Arthur Toga, et al. *Google "paul thompson ADNI" to get a webpage with links to the full papers (PDFs sample of 22 AD patients Hua, X., Lee, S., Yanovsky, I., Leow, A.D., Chou, Y.Y., Ho, A.J., Gutman, B

  10. Parton densities with the quark linear potential in the statistical approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Mirjalili; M. Dehghani; M. M. Yazdanpanah

    2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The statistical approach is used to calculate the parton distribution functions (PDFs) of the nucleon. At first it is assumed that the partons are free particles and the light-front kinematic variables are employed to extract the Bjorken $x$-dependence of the PDFs. These PDFs are used to evaluate the combinations of the sea quarks such as $\\bar d-\\bar u$. As our first attempt to improve the result, we make the statistical parameters to depend on $Q^2$, using different values of Gottfried sum rule. The related results are indicating better behavior by accessing to the PDFs while they contain the $Q^2$ dependence parameters. As a further task and in order to have more improvement in the calculations, a linear potential is considered to describe the quark interactions. The solution of the related Dirac equation yields the Airy function and is considered as a wave function in spatial space. Using the fourier transformation the wave functions are obtained in momentum space. Based on the light-front kinematic variables and using a special method which we call it "k method", these functions can be written in terms of the Bjorken $x$-variable. Following that the statistical features are accompanied with these functions. Considering an effective approach which is used in this article, we do not need to resort to any extra effects as were assumed in some articles to get a proper results for PDFs. The obtained results for $\\bar d-\\bar u$ and the $\\frac{\\bar d}{\\bar u}$ ratio, using our effective approach, are in good agreement with the available experimental data and some theoretical results.

  11. EMC effect and jet energy loss in relativistic deuteron-nucleus collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. A. Cole; G. G. Barnafoldi; P. Levai; G. Papp; G. Fai

    2007-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the influence of modified nuclear parton distribution functions (PDFs) on high-pT hadron production at RHIC and LHC energies using a pQCD-improved parton model. For application at RHIC, we focus on the possible contribution of the EMC modification of the nuclear PDFs in the x > 0.3 region to the observed suppression of pi0 production at pT > 10 GeV/c in dAu collisions. We study three different parameterizations of the nuclear PDF modifications and find that they give consistent results for R_dAu(pT) for neutral pions in the region 10 GeV/c EMC suppression of the parton distributions in the Au nucleus does not strongly influence the R_dAu for pi0 in the pT region where the suppression is observed. Using the HKN parameterization, we evaluate systematic errors in the theoretical R_dAu(pT) resulting from uncertainties in the nuclear PDFs. The measured nuclear modification factor is inconsistent with the pQCD model result for pT > 10 GeV/c even when the systematic uncertainties in the nuclear PDFs are accounted for. The inclusion of a small final-state energy loss can reduce the discrepancy with the data, but we cannot perfectly reproduce the pT dependence of the measured R_dAu(pT). For the LHC, we find that shadowing of the nuclear PDFs produces a large suppression in the yield of hadrons with pT < 100 GeV/c in p(d)A collisions.

  12. U-060: Security update: Hotfix available for ColdFusion

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Vulnerabilities have been identified in ColdFusion 9.0.1 and earlier versions for Windows, Macintosh and UNIX. These vulnerabilities could lead to a cross-site scripting attack. Adobe categorizes this as an important update and recommends that users apply the latest update for their product installation.This update resolves a cross-site scripting vulnerability in cfform tag (CVE-2011-2463). This update resolves a cross-site scripting vulnerability in RDS (CVE-2011-4368).

  13. Detailed Analysis of the Thermal Mass Credits in a Code-Traceable DOE-2 Simulation of the 2001 IECC for a Single-Family Residence in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, S.; Haberl, J.

    thermal performance. In another study Christian (1991) performed an analysis for the Council of American Building Officials? Model Energy Code Committee (CABO MEC) to develop exterior thermal mass credits (i.e., for heat capacity greater than... amounts of external wall mass, including wood-frame, masonry, adobe and wooden logs, and performed simulations of the test houses. He concluded that although the MEC thermal mass credit table may not be the most accurate values to be used for all...

  14. Canect: Matching You the Best-fit Translation Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Yujie

    2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    information about the project: http://www.torry- ue.com/project/Thesis2011.htm. You will find the proposal file, research data, design materials and the html prototype for the system. I also attached the project presentation, scenario video, user experience... map and testing adobe swf files as supporting materials for the projects. CANECT: MATCHING YOU THE BEST-FIT TRANSLATION SERVICE 2 Design Research As the first part of the thesis, research was carried from three different directions...

  15. Extra Dimensions: 3D and Time in PDF Documentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graf, Norman A.; /SLAC

    2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    High energy physics is replete with multi-dimensional information which is often poorly represented by the two dimensions of presentation slides and print media. Past efforts to disseminate such information to a wider audience have failed for a number of reasons, including a lack of standards which are easy to implement and have broad support. Adobe's Portable Document Format (PDF) has in recent years become the de facto standard for secure, dependable electronic information exchange. It has done so by creating an open format, providing support for multiple platforms and being reliable and extensible. By providing support for the ECMA standard Universal 3D (U3D) file format in its free Adobe Reader software, Adobe has made it easy to distribute and interact with 3D content. By providing support for scripting and animation, temporal data can also be easily distributed to a wide audience. In this talk, we present examples of HEP applications which take advantage of this functionality. We demonstrate how 3D detector elements can be documented, using either CAD drawings or other sources such as GEANT visualizations as input. Using this technique, higher dimensional data, such as LEGO plots or time-dependent information can be included in PDF files. In principle, a complete event display, with full interactivity, can be incorporated into a PDF file. This would allow the end user not only to customize the view and representation of the data, but to access the underlying data itself.

  16. Energy Week presentations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Topics covered include: energy security; clean energy and low carbon; energy for growth and poverty reduction in Africa; financing of energy efficiency; SMEs for decentralised energy service provision; potential for biofuels in developing countries; clean energy and sustainable development; clean energy finance and private equity funds; power generation and low carbon technologies; beyond traditional finance; rehabilitation and emission control in thermal power plants; and carbon finance. The presentations are mainly in ppt (Power Point) or pdf (Acrobat) format. Some videos of the conference are also available on the website.

  17. Acronyms A AAAP Accelerated Access Authorization Program ACREM Accountable Removable Classified Media (outdated term)

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker 5.0 More Documents &v

  18. Across the Pond Newsletter Issue 1 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker 5.0 More Documents

  19. Across the Pond Newsletter Issue 2 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker 5.0 More Documents2:

  20. Across the Pond Newsletter Issue 3 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker 5.0 More Documents2:3:

  1. Across the Pond Newsletter Issue 4 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker 5.0 More Documents2:3:4:

  2. Across the Pond Newsletter Issue 5 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker 5.0 More

  3. Across the Pond Newsletter Issue 6 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker 5.0 More6: Spring 2011.

  4. Across the Pond Newsletter Issue 7 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker 5.0 More6: Spring 2011.7:

  5. Across the Pond Newsletter Issue 8 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker 5.0 More6: Spring

  6. Acting Assistant Secretary for DOE Office of Environmental Management

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker 5.0 More6: SpringVisits

  7. Acting Assistant Secretray Triay's Written Statement before the House Armed

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker 5.0 More6:

  8. Acting Assistant Secretray Triay's Written Statement on her Nomination for

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker 5.0 More6:Assistant

  9. Acting Assistant Secretray Triay's Written Statement on the American

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker 5.0

  10. Acting Deputy Secretary Kupfer Participates in U.S.-China Strategic

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker 5.0Economic Dialogue |

  11. Action for a Better Community, Inc. … Weatherization Assistance Program Funds Provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, OAS-RA-11-21

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker 5.0Economic Dialogue

  12. Active DOE Standards Managers

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker 5.0Economic

  13. Active Power Controls from Wind Power: Bridging the Gaps

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker 5.0EconomicActive Power

  14. Active Power Controls from Wind Power: Bridging the Gaps | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker 5.0EconomicActive

  15. Active Project Justification Statement | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker 5.0EconomicActiveActive

  16. Active Solar Heating and Cooling Systems Exemption | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker

  17. Activity-Level Work Planning and Control Implementation

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker DOE-HDBK-1211-2014 April

  18. Activity: How Much Does it Cost to Light Your School? | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker DOE-HDBK-1211-2014

  19. Ad Lucem Workshop Welcome | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker DOE-HDBK-1211-2014This

  20. Ad Lucem: Modeling Market Transformation Pathways Workshop | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker

  1. Adam Garber | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMakerAdam Garber - Deputy

  2. Adam Goldstein | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMakerAdam Garber - DeputyAdam

  3. Adapting Advances in Remediation Science to Long-Term Surveillance |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMakerAdam Garber -

  4. Adapting On-Site Electrical Generation Platforms for Producer Gas - Fact

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMakerAdam Garber -Sheet, April

  5. Addendum Added to Innovative Demonstration of Geothermal Energy Production

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMakerAdam Garber -Sheet,

  6. Addendum to Environmental Review Documents Concerning Exports of Natural

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  7. Additional Guidance Regarding Application of Current Procedures for Testing

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  8. Additive Manufacturing Technology Assessment

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  9. Additive Manufacturing: Pursuing the Promise

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  10. Additive Manufacturing: Pursuing the Promise | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  11. Additive Manufacturing: Technology and Applications

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  12. Addressing Common Subsurface Challenges

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  13. Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges to Smart Grid Implementation

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  14. Adequate NQA-1 Suppliers | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  15. Adesso: Subpoena (2010-SE-2002) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  16. Adjudicative Guidelines for Determining Eligibility for Access to Classified Information

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  17. Administering Nonprofit Energy Efficiency Programs | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  18. Administrative Records Schedule 1 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  19. Administrative Records Schedule: Communication Records | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  20. Adoption of Streamlined BCR Process for Post Award Actions | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  1. Advance Funding and Development Agreement: Plains & Eastern Clean Line

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  2. Advance Patent Waiver W(A)2002-023 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  3. Advance Patent Waiver W(A)2006-028 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  4. Advance Patent Waiver W(A)2008-006 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  5. Advance Patent Waiver W(A)2012-021 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  6. Advance Patent Waiver W(A)2013-013 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  7. Advance Reactor Concepts Technical Review Panel Public Report | Department

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  8. Advanced Application Development Program Information | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  9. Advanced Bioeconomy Feedstocks Conference | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  10. Advanced Cathode Catalysts and Supports for PEM Fuel Cells

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  11. Advanced Cathode Catalysts and Supports for PEM Fuel Cells | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  12. Advanced Conversion Roadmap Workshop | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  13. Advanced Energy Design Guides | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  14. Advanced Energy Guides | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  15. Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  16. Advanced Fossil Energy Projects Loan Guarantee Solicitation

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  17. Advanced Framing Systems and Packages - Building America Top Innovation |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  18. Advanced Gas Reactor Fuel Program's TRISO Particle Fuel Sets A New World

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  19. Advanced Grid Modeling Program Peer Review June 17-18, 2014 | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  20. Advanced Heat Transfer Fluids and Novel Thermal Storage Concepts for CSP

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  1. Advanced Hybrid Water Heater using Electrochemical Compressor | Department

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  2. Advanced Hybrid Water-Heater Using Electrochemical Compression (ECC)

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  3. Advanced Instrumentation, Information, and Control System Technologies:

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  4. Advanced LWR Nuclear Fuel Cladding System Development Trade-off Study |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  5. Advanced Manufacturing Initiative Improves Turbine Blade Productivity |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  6. Advanced Manufacturing Office FY 2015 Budget At-A-Glance | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  7. Advanced Manufacturing Office FY 2016 Budget At-A-Glance

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  8. Advanced Manufacturing Office FY14 Budget At-a-Glance | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  9. Advanced Manufacturing Office Small Business Innovation Research Small Business Technology Transfer Projects Portfolio

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  10. Advanced Manufacturing Office Update, January 2015 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  11. Advanced Manufacturing Office Update, July 2014 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  12. Advanced Manufacturing Office Update, July 2015 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  13. Getting Started - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  14. Getting Started | Y-12 National Security Complex

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  15. Getting a grip on the electrical grid | SciTech Connect

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  16. Getting ready for the Northern New Mexico RoboRAVE on March 7

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  17. Getting the Lead Out | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

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  18. Getting to Santa Fe

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  19. Getting to the starting line | Jefferson Lab

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  20. GettingStartedVideoconferenceSlides2014.pptx

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  1. Giant Nanocrystal Quantum Dots as Stable and Efficient Down-Conversion

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.NewofGeothermal Heat Pump Basics Acrobat XGetting to thePhosphor

  2. Giant Protease TPP II's Structure, Mechanism Uncovered

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.NewofGeothermal Heat Pump Basics Acrobat XGetting to

  3. Giant Protease TPP II's Structure, Mechanism Uncovered

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.NewofGeothermal Heat Pump Basics Acrobat XGetting toGiant Protease

  4. Giant Protease TPP II's Structure, Mechanism Uncovered

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.NewofGeothermal Heat Pump Basics Acrobat XGetting toGiant

  5. Giant Protease TPP II's Structure, Mechanism Uncovered

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.NewofGeothermal Heat Pump Basics Acrobat XGetting toGiantGiant

  6. Giant Protease TPP II's Structure, Mechanism Uncovered

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  7. Gibbons_1954_OLD.pdf

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  8. Gift tag drive benefits local children and seniors

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  9. Giga-Dalton Mass Spectrometry - Energy Innovation Portal

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  10. Gilbert_etal_MS_FIGS

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  11. Girl Scouts USA CEO visits ORNL to discuss STEM programs | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  12. Girls in engineering | Y-12 National Security Complex

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  13. Giselle Jiles and Angel Hernandez, User Office

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  14. Giver-LP

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  15. Glacier Girl flies again | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  16. Glass Capacitor for High-Temperature Applications - Energy Innovation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  17. Glass Fiber Mesh Method of Joining for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells - Energy

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.NewofGeothermal Heat Pump Basics AcrobatGiselle

  18. Glass Stronger than Steel | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

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  19. Glass-Ceramic Seal for Solid-Oxide Fuel Cells - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  20. Glen Wurden

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  1. Glenn Seaborg - His Life and Contributions

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  2. Glenn T. Seaborg

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  3. Glenn T. Seaborg - Contributions to Advancing Science

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  4. Glenn T. Seaborg - Patents - 1954 through 1958

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  5. Glenn T. Seaborg - Patents - 1959

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.NewofGeothermal Heat Pump Basics AcrobatGiselleGlassGlenGlenn

  6. Glenn T. Seaborg - Patents - 1960 through 1961

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  7. Glenn T. Seaborg - Patents - 1962 through 1965

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  8. Horizontal stirring in the global ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernndez-Carrasco, I; Hernndez-Garca, E; Turiel, A

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Horizontal mixing and the distribution of coherent structures in the global ocean are analyzed using Finite-Size Lyapunov Exponents (FSLE), computed for the surface velocity field derived from the Ocean general circulation model For the Earth Simulator (OFES). FSLEs measure horizontal stirring and dispersion; additionally, the transport barriers which organize the oceanic flow can roughly be identified with the ridges of the FSLE field. We have performed a detailed statistical study, particularizing for the behaviour of the two hemispheres and different ocean basins. The computed Probability Distributions Functions (PDFs) of FSLE are broad and asymmetric. Horizontal mixing is generally more active in the northern hemisphere than in the southern one. Nevertheless the Southern Ocean is the most active ocean, and the Pacific the less active one. A striking result is that the main currents can be classified in two 'activity classes': Western Boundary Currents, which have broad PDFs with large FSLE values, and Eas...

  9. Master equation for the probability distribution functions of forces in soft particle packings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuniyasu Saitoh; Vanessa Magnanimo; Stefan Luding

    2014-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Employing molecular dynamics simulations of jammed soft particles, we study microscopic responses of force-chain networks to quasi-static isotropic (de)compressions. We show that not only contacts but also interparticle gaps between the nearest neighbors must be considered for the stochastic evolution of the probability distribution functions (PDFs) of forces, where the mutual exchange of contacts and interparticle gaps, i.e. opening and closing contacts, are also crucial to the incremental system behaviors. By numerically determining the transition rates for all changes of contacts and gaps, we formulate a Master equation for the PDFs of forces, where the insight one gets from the transition rates is striking: The mean change of forces reflects non-affine system response, while their fluctuations obey uncorrelated Gaussian statistics. In contrast, interparticle gaps are reacting mostly affine in average, but imply multi-scale correlations according to a wider stable distribution function.

  10. Recent results on electroweak probes in lead-lead and proton-lead collisions from the ATLAS Detector at the LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, William; The ATLAS collaboration

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Photons and weak bosons do not interact strongly with the dense and hot medium formed in nuclear collisions, and thus they should be sensitive to the nuclear modification of parton distribution functions (nPDFs). In particular, proton-lead collisions provide an excellent opportunity to test nPDFs in a less dense environment than lead-lead. The ATLAS detector, optimized for searching new physics in proton-proton collisions, is especially well equipped to measure photons, Z and W bosons in the high occupancy environment produced in heavy ion collisions. Using the full data samples of 2.76 TeV lead-lead and 5.02 TeV proton-lead collisions we will present recent results on the prompt photon, Z and W boson yields as a function of centrality, transverse momentum and rapidity, from the ATLAS experiment. The binary collision scaling of the yields will be discussed in detail.

  11. Fractality feature in oil price fluctuations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Momeni, M; Talebi, K

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The scaling properties of oil price fluctuations are described as a non-stationary stochastic process realized by a time series of finite length. An original model is used to extract the scaling exponent of the fluctuation functions within a non-stationary process formulation. It is shown that, when returns are measured over intervals less than 10 days, the Probability Density Functions (PDFs) exhibit self-similarity and monoscaling, in contrast to the multifractal behavior of the PDFs at macro-scales (typically larger than one month). We find that the time evolution of the distributions are well fitted by a Levy distribution law at micro-scales. The relevance of a Levy distribution is made plausible by a simple model of nonlinear transfer

  12. Structural Analysis of Novel Lignin-derived Carbon Composite Anodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McNutt, Nicholas W [ORNL; Rios, Orlando [ORNL; Feygenson, Mikhail [ORNL; Proffen, Thomas E [ORNL; Keffer, David J [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of novel lignin-based carbon composite anodes consisting of nanocrystalline and amorphous domains motivates the understanding of a relationship of the structural properties characterizing these materials, such as crystallite size, intracrystallite dspacing, crystalline volume fraction and composite density, with their pair distribution functions (PDF), obtained from both molecular dynamics simulation and neutron scattering. A model for these composite materials is developed as a function of experimentally measurable parameters and realized in fifteen composite systems, three of which directly match all parameters of their experimental counterparts. The accurate reproduction of the experimental PDFs using the model systems validates the model. The decomposition of the simulated PDFs provides an understanding of each feature in the PDF and allows for the development of a mapping between the defining characteristics of the PDF and the material properties of interest.

  13. Lagrangian model for the evolution of turbulent magnetic and passive scalar fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hater, T.; Grauer, R. [Theoretische Physik I, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, Universitaetsstr. 150, D-44780 Bochum (Germany); Homann, H. [Theoretische Physik I, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, Universitaetsstr. 150, D-44780 Bochum (Germany); Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, Laboratoire Cassiopee, Bd. de l'Observatoire, F-06300 Nice (France)

    2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this Brief Report we present an extension of the recent fluid deformation (RFD) closure introduced by Chevillard and Meneveau [L. Chevillard and C. Meneveau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 174501 (2006)] which was developed for modeling the time evolution of Lagrangian fluctuations in incompressible Navier-Stokes turbulence. We apply the RFD closure to study the evolution of magnetic and passive scalar fluctuations. This comparison is especially interesting since the stretching term for the magnetic field and for the gradient of the passive scalar are similar but differ by a sign such that the effect of stretching and compression by the turbulent velocity field is reversed. Probability density functions (PDFs) of magnetic fluctuations and fluctuations of the gradient of the passive scalar obtained from the RFD closure are compared against PDFs obtained from direct numerical simulations.

  14. Measurement of $d\\sigma/dy$ of Drell-Yan $e^+e^-$ pairs in the $Z$ Mass Region from $p\\bar{p}$ Collisions at $\\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aaltonen, Timo Antero; /Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Adelman, Jahred A.; /Chicago U., EFI; Gonzalez, Barbara Alvarez; /Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; Amerio, Silvia; /Padua U., CISAS; Amidei, Dante E.; /Michigan U. /INFN, Padua; Anastassov, Anton Iankov; /Northwestern U.; Annovi, Alberto; /Frascati; Antos, Jaroslav; /Comenius U.; Apollinari, Giorgio; /Fermilab; Appel, Jeffrey A.; /Fermilab; Apresyan, Artur; /Purdue U. /Waseda U.

    2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on a CDF measurement of the total cross section and rapidity distribution, d{sigma}/dy, for q{bar q} {yields} {gamma}{sup *}/Z {yields} e{sup +} e {sup -} events in the Z boson mass region (66 < M {sub ee} < 116 GeV/c {sub 2}) produced in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV with 2.1 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity. The measured cross section of 257 {+-} 16pb and d{sigma}/dy distribution are compared with Next-to-Leading-Order (NLO) and Next-to-Next-to-Leading-Order (NNLO) QCD theory predictions with CTEQ and MRST/MSTW parton distribution functions (PDFs). There is good agreement between the experimental total cross section and d{sigma}/dy measurements with theoretical calcualtion with the most recent NNLO PDFs.

  15. EMC effect and nuclear structure functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Atashbar Tehrani; A. Mirjalili; Ali N. Khorramian

    2006-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze experimental data of nuclear structure function ratios $F_2^A/F_2^D$ for obtaining optimum parton distribution functions (PDFs) in nuclei. Then, uncertainties of the nuclear PDFs are estimated by the Hessian method. Parametrization of nuclear parton distribution is investigated in the leading order of $\\alpha_s$. The parton distribution are provided at $Q^2=1 GeV^2$ with a number of parameters, which are determined by a $\\chi^2$ analysis of the data on nuclear structure function. From the analysis, we propose parton distributions at $Q^2=1 GeV^2$ for nuclei from deuteron to heavy ones with a mass number $A\\sim 208$.

  16. HELP WITH EUROCODES 1. EUROCODES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    search terms here and click `Search' #12;2. Use the search box to search all products for your keywords for accessing/searching BSOL, can be found at: http://www.hw.ac.uk/is/PDFs/Accessing_BSOL.pdf 2. EUROCODE BOOKS of the above books are listed in the Library Catalogue (http://hw.lib.ed.ac.uk/). Find the book by searching

  17. Double parton scattering in proton-proton collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaunt, Jonathan

    2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 2.4.2 Flavour Number Schemes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 2.4.3 Accuracy of the Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 2.5 Properties of the dPDFs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 2... by bombarding it with alpha particles, releasing hydro- gen nuclei in the process. He concluded from this that hydrogen nuclei were a constituent of nitrogen (and other) nuclei and were the particle carrying the electric charge of the nucleus, naming them...

  18. TMDlib and TMDplotter: library and plotting tools for transverse-momentum-dependent parton distributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Hautmann; H. Jung; M. Krmer; P. J. Mulders; E. R. Nocera; T. C. Rogers; A. Signori

    2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Transverse-momentum-dependent distributions (TMDs) are central in high-energy physics from both theoretical and phenomenological points of view. In this manual we introduce the library, TMDlib, of fits and parameterisations for transverse-momentum-dependent parton distribution functions (TMD PDFs) and fragmentation functions (TMD FFs) together with an online plotting tool, TMDplotter. We provide a description of the program components and of the different physical frameworks the user can access via the available parameterisations.

  19. Selection and Specification of Combined Heat and Power System for a Carbon Black Manufacturer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozman, T. A.; DaCosta, J.; Lee, J.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    operating costs, which in the long run can contribute to their growth and to the ultimate goal of remaining competitive in the business world. REFERENCES [1] Kozman, T.. Introductory Presentation for Report LL024X. Franklin, LA. Apr 2006. Industrial... online at http://www1.eere.energy.gov/industry/bestprac tices/pdfs/guide_chp_boiler.pdf (accessed 2006). [3] Midwest CHP Application Center, http://www.chpcentermw.org/home.html, (accessed 2006). [4] Distributed Energy Program: Grid Interconnection...

  20. Renewable Energy Can Help Reduce Oil Dependency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arvizu, Dan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a speech to the Economic Club of Kansas City on June 23, 2010, NREL Director Dan Arvizu takes a realistic look at how renewable energy can help reduce America's dependence on oil, pointing out that the country gets as much energy from renewable sources now as it does from offshore oil production. For a transcript, visit http://www.nrel.gov/director/pdfs/energy_overview_06_10.pdf

  1. Renewable Energy Can Help Reduce Oil Dependency

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Arvizu, Dan

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    In a speech to the Economic Club of Kansas City on June 23, 2010, NREL Director Dan Arvizu takes a realistic look at how renewable energy can help reduce America's dependence on oil, pointing out that the country gets as much energy from renewable sources now as it does from offshore oil production. For a transcript, visit http://www.nrel.gov/director/pdfs/energy_overview_06_10.pdf

  2. Power-law tails in probability density functions of molecular cloud column density

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brunt, Chris

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Power-law tails are often seen in probability density functions (PDFs) of molecular cloud column densities, and have been attributed to the effect of gravity. We show that extinction PDFs of a sample of five molecular clouds obtained at a few tenths of a parsec resolution, probing extinctions up to A$_{{\\mathrm{V}}}$ $\\sim$ 10 magnitudes, are very well described by lognormal functions provided that the field selection is tightly constrained to the cold, molecular zone and that noise and foreground contamination are appropriately accounted for. In general, field selections that incorporate warm, diffuse material in addition to the cold, molecular material will display apparent core+tail PDFs. The apparent tail, however, is best understood as the high extinction part of a lognormal PDF arising from the cold, molecular part of the cloud. We also describe the effects of noise and foreground/background contamination on the PDF structure, and show that these can, if not appropriately accounted for, induce spurious ...

  3. Development and evaluation of probability density functions for a set of human exposure factors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maddalena, R.L.; McKone, T.E.; Bodnar, A.; Jacobson, J.

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to describe efforts carried out during 1998 and 1999 at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory to assist the U.S. EPA in developing and ranking the robustness of a set of default probability distributions for exposure assessment factors. Among the current needs of the exposure-assessment community is the need to provide data for linking exposure, dose, and health information in ways that improve environmental surveillance, improve predictive models, and enhance risk assessment and risk management (NAS, 1994). The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Emergency and Remedial Response (OERR) plays a lead role in developing national guidance and planning future activities that support the EPA Superfund Program. OERR is in the process of updating its 1989 Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund (RAGS) as part of the EPA Superfund reform activities. Volume III of RAGS, when completed in 1999 will provide guidance for conducting probabilistic risk assessments. This revised document will contain technical information including probability density functions (PDFs) and methods used to develop and evaluate these PDFs. The PDFs provided in this EPA document are limited to those relating to exposure factors.

  4. Probing Shadowed Nuclear Sea with Massive Gauge Bosons in the Future Heavy-Ion Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ru, Peng; Wang, Enke; Zhang, Wei-Ning

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The production of the massive bosons $Z^0$ and $W^{\\pm}$ could provide an excellent tool to study cold nuclear matter effects and the modifications of nuclear parton distribution functions (nPDFs) relative to parton distribution functions (PDFs) of a free proton in high energy nuclear reactions at the LHC as well as in heavy-ion collisions (HIC) with much higher center-of mass energies available in the future colliders. In this paper we calculate the rapidity and transverse momentum distributions of the vector boson and their nuclear modification factors in p+Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=63$TeV and in Pb+Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=39$TeV in the framework of perturbative QCD by utilizing three parametrization sets of nPDFs: EPS09, DSSZ and nCTEQ. It is found that in heavy-ion collisions at such high colliding energies, both the rapidity distribution and the transverse momentum spectrum of vector bosons are considerably suppressed in wide kinematic regions with respect to p+p reactions due to large nucl...

  5. Nonextensive entropy approach to space plasma fluctuations and turbulence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. P. Leubner; Z. Voros; W. Baumjohann

    2006-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Spatial intermittency in fully developed turbulence is an established feature of astrophysical plasma fluctuations and in particular apparent in the interplanetary medium by in situ observations. In this situation the classical Boltzmann-Gibbs extensive thermo-statistics, applicable when microscopic interactions and memory are short ranged, fails. Upon generalization of the entropy function to nonextensivity, accounting for long-range interactions and thus for correlations in the system, it is demonstrated that the corresponding probability distributions (PDFs) are members of a family of specific power-law distributions. In particular, the resulting theoretical bi-kappa functional reproduces accurately the observed global leptokurtic, non-Gaussian shape of the increment PDFs of characteristic solar wind variables on all scales. Gradual decoupling is obtained by enhancing the spatial separation scale corresponding to increasing kappa-values in case of slow solar wind conditions where a Gaussian is approached in the limit of large scales. Contrary, the scaling properties in the high speed solar wind are predominantly governed by the mean energy or variance of the distribution. The PDFs of solar wind scalar field differences are computed from WIND and ACE data for different time-lags and bulk speeds and analyzed within the nonextensive theory. Consequently, nonlocality in fluctuations, related to both, turbulence and its large scale driving, should be related to long-range interactions in the context of nonextensive entropy generalization, providing fundamentally the physical background of the observed scale dependence of fluctuations in intermittent space plasmas.

  6. Geologic Map and Cross Sections of the McGinness Hills Geothermal Area - GIS Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Faulds, James E.

    Geologic map data in shapefile format that includes faults, unit contacts, unit polygons, attitudes of strata and faults, and surficial geothermal features. 5 cross?sections in Adobe Illustrator format. Comprehensive catalogue of drill?hole data in spreadsheet, shapefile, and Geosoft database formats. Includes XYZ locations of well heads, year drilled, type of well, operator, total depths, well path data (deviations), lithology logs, and temperature data. 3D model constructed with EarthVision using geologic map data, cross?sections, drill?hole data, and geophysics.

  7. Second Line of Defense: Electronic Maintenance Reports, Local Maintenance Provider User Guide, Rev. 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leigh, Richard J.

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electronic Maintenance Report forms allow Local Maintenance Providers (LMP) and other program staff to enter maintenance information into a simple and secure system. This document describes the features and information required to complete the Maintenance Report forms. It is expected that all Corrective Maintenance Reports from LMPs will be submitted electronically into the SLD Portal. As an exception (e.g., when access to the SLD Portal is unavailable), Maintenance Reports can be submitted via a secure Adobe PDF form available through the Sustainability Manager assigned to each country.

  8. Geologic Map and Cross Sections of the McGinness Hills Geothermal Area - GIS Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faulds, James E.

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Geologic map data in shapefile format that includes faults, unit contacts, unit polygons, attitudes of strata and faults, and surficial geothermal features. 5 cross?sections in Adobe Illustrator format. Comprehensive catalogue of drill?hole data in spreadsheet, shapefile, and Geosoft database formats. Includes XYZ locations of well heads, year drilled, type of well, operator, total depths, well path data (deviations), lithology logs, and temperature data. 3D model constructed with EarthVision using geologic map data, cross?sections, drill?hole data, and geophysics.

  9. Energy Efficient Rondavels in the Kruger National Game Reserve, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holm, D.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Five is an unforgettable experience. Part of this is the climate and the unusual architecture of rondavels. These traditional buildings were originally windowless round huts with low mud walls (adobe or wattle- and- daub) topped by conical thatched... derived from the Latin root "round" and is an apt description of the traditional climate-adapted 3,600 to 6,000mm diameter hut consisting of a circular 1,200 to 1,500mm high mud construction wall supporting a conical grass thatched roof. This geometry...

  10. T-629: Avaya WinPDM Multiple Buffer Overflow Vulnerabilities | Department

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014,Zaleski -BlueprintThisVulnerabilities | DepartmentDepartment|Adobe

  11. Annual NEPA Planning Summary Report Template | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy:Whether you're a16-17,2-13) AllDepartmentof Energy In 2013,Adobe

  12. U-149: Apache OFBiz Cross-Site Scripting and Code Execution Vulnerabilities

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssuesEnergyTransportation WorkDecemberInjury at FY6: Adobe| Department

  13. U-154: IBM Rational ClearQuest ActiveX Control Buffer Overflow

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssuesEnergyTransportation WorkDecemberInjury at FY6: Adobe|

  14. U-162: Drupal Multiple Vulnerabilities | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssuesEnergyTransportation WorkDecemberInjury at FY6: Adobe|2: Drupal

  15. U-165: Apple iOS Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and Spoof

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssuesEnergyTransportation WorkDecemberInjury at FY6: Adobe|2:

  16. Policy Flashes | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy: ThomasDepartment ofThis week on2011-614-26 (pdf) -8-67Adobe1.

  17. GPDs at HERA and perspectives at COMPASS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurent Schoeffel

    2009-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurements of the deep-inelastic scattering (DIS) of leptons and nucleons, $e+p\\to e+X$, allow the extraction of Parton Distribution Functions (PDFs) which describe the longitudinal momentum carried by the quarks, anti-quarks and gluons that make up the fast-moving nucleons. While PDFs provide crucial input to perturbative Quantum Chromodynamic (QCD) calculations of processes involving hadrons, they do not provide a complete picture of the partonic structure of nucleons. In particular, PDFs contain neither information on the correlations between partons nor on their transverse motion. Hard exclusive processes, in which the nucleon remains intact, have emerged in recent years as prime candidates to complement this essentially one dimentional picture. The simplest exclusive process is the deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) or exclusive production of real photon, $e + p \\to e + \\gamma + p$. This process is of particular interest as it has both a clear experimental signature and is calculable in perturbative QCD. The DVCS reaction can be regarded as the elastic scattering of the virtual photon off the proton via a colourless exchange, producing a real photon in the final state. In the Bjorken scaling regime, QCD calculations assume that the exchange involves two partons, having different longitudinal and transverse momenta, in a colourless configuration. These unequal momenta or skewing are a consequence of the mass difference between the incoming virtual photon and the outgoing real photon. This skewedness effect can be interpreted in the context of generalised parton distributions (GPDs). In this proceeding, we examine typical measurements from HERA and prospects for COMPASS at CERN, that can bring new insights on the quarks/gluons imaging of the nucleon.

  18. Measurements of differential and double-differential Drell-Yan cross sections in proton-proton collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Khachatryan, Vardan; et al.,

    2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurements of the differential and double-differential Drell-Yan cross sections in the dielectron and dimuon channels are presented. They are based on proton-proton collision data at $\\sqrt{s}$ - 8 TeV recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns. The measured inclusive cross section in the Z peak region (60-120 GeV), obtained from the combination of the dielectron and dimuon channels, is 1138 +/- 8 (exp) +/- 25 (theo) +/- 30 (lumi) pb, where the statistical uncertainty is negligible. The differential cross section $d\\sigma/dm$ in the dilepton mass range 15 to 2000moreGeV is measured and corrected to the full phase space. The double-differential cross section $d^2 \\sigma / d(m) d(abs(y))$ is also measured over the mass range 20 to 1500 GeV and absolute dilepton rapidity from 0 to 2.4. In addition, the ratios of the normalized differential cross sections measured at $\\sqrt{s}$ = 7 and 8 TeV are presented. These measurements are compared to the predictions of perturbative QCD at next-to-leading and next-to-next-to-leading (NNLO) orders using various sets of parton distribution functions (PDFs). The results agree with the NNLO theoretical predictions computed with FEWZ 3.1 using the CT10 NNLO and NNPDF2.1 NNLO PDFs. The measured double-differential cross section and ratio of normalized differential cross sections are sufficiently precise to constrain the proton PDFs.less

  19. Measurements of differential and double-differential Drell-Yan cross sections in proton-proton collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Khachatryan, Vardan [Yerevan Physics Institute (Armenia); et al.,

    2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurements of the differential and double-differential Drell-Yan cross sections in the dielectron and dimuon channels are presented. They are based on proton-proton collision data at $\\sqrt{s}$ - 8 TeV recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns. The measured inclusive cross section in the Z peak region (60-120 GeV), obtained from the combination of the dielectron and dimuon channels, is 1138 +/- 8 (exp) +/- 25 (theo) +/- 30 (lumi) pb, where the statistical uncertainty is negligible. The differential cross section $d\\sigma/dm$ in the dilepton mass range 15 to 2000 GeV is measured and corrected to the full phase space. The double-differential cross section $d^2 \\sigma / d(m) d(abs(y))$ is also measured over the mass range 20 to 1500 GeV and absolute dilepton rapidity from 0 to 2.4. In addition, the ratios of the normalized differential cross sections measured at $\\sqrt{s}$ = 7 and 8 TeV are presented. These measurements are compared to the predictions of perturbative QCD at next-to-leading and next-to-next-to-leading (NNLO) orders using various sets of parton distribution functions (PDFs). The results agree with the NNLO theoretical predictions computed with FEWZ 3.1 using the CT10 NNLO and NNPDF2.1 NNLO PDFs. The measured double-differential cross section and ratio of normalized differential cross sections are sufficiently precise to constrain the proton PDFs.

  20. Comparison of transient horizontal magnetic fields in a plage region and in the quiet Sun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryohko Ishikawa; Saku Tsuneta

    2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Properties of transient horizontal magnetic fields (THMFs) in both plage and quiet Sun regions are obtained and compared. Spectro-polarimetric observations with the Solar Optical Telescope (SOT) on the Hinode satellite were carried out with a cadence of about 30 seconds for both plage and quiet regions located near disk center. We select THMFs that have net linear polarization (LP) higher than 0.22%, and an area larger than or equal to 3 pixels, and compare their occurrence rates and distribution of magnetic field azimuth. We obtain probability density functions (PDFs) of magnetic field strength and inclination for both regions.The occurrence rate in the plage region is the same as for the quiet Sun. The vertical magnetic flux in the plage region is ~8 times larger than in the quiet Sun. There is essentially no preferred orientation for the THMFs in either region. However, THMFs in the plage region with higher LP have a preferred direction consistent with that of the plage-region's large-scale vertical field pattern. PDFs show that there is no difference in the distribution of field strength of horizontal fields between the quiet Sun and the plage regions when we avoid the persistent large vertical flux concentrations for the plage region. The similarity of the PDFs and of the occurrence rates in plage and quiet regions suggests that a local dynamo process due to the granular motion may generate THMFs all over the sun. The preferred orientation for higher LP in the plage indicates that the THMFs are somewhat influenced by the larger-scale magnetic field pattern of the plage.

  1. APFEL Web: a web-based application for the graphical visualization of parton distribution functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefano Carrazza; Alfio Ferrara; Daniele Palazzo; Juan Rojo

    2015-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We present APFEL Web, a web-based application designed to provide a flexible user-friendly tool for the graphical visualization of parton distribution functions (PDFs). In this note we describe the technical design of the APFEL Web application, motivating the choices and the framework used for the development of this project. We document the basic usage of APFEL Web and show how it can be used to provide useful input for a variety of collider phenomenological studies. Finally we provide some examples showing the output generated by the application.

  2. Acrux Issue 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    their website as a series of free pdfs. Fun though it has been, it was not the place for creative content of my own or in-depth treatment of things that are of importance to me. After all, it's their newsletter and not "The Kirok Newsletter". As 2007 wore... on the TrekUnited website. Courtesy of TrekUnited you can listen to the episodes, or dispatches, online in the TrekUnited Audio Centre. Working on the DRW podbooks was a great learning experience! Writing, turning the stories into scripts, auditioning...

  3. Operations for inference in continuous Bayesian networks with linear deterministic variables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cobb, Barry R.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

    2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    potential for {X,Y } and Z = a 1 ?X + a 2 ? Y + b, a 2 negationslash= 0, the un-normalized joint PDF ? 2 for {X,Z} calculated from the convolution of ? 1 is an MTE potential. Proof. Follows directly from the proof of Theorem 3. 4 Join Tree Operations... ? is denoted by ? ?X . Operations used to marginalize a variable from the combination of an MTE 4 potential and a CMF are defined later in the paper. 3 Using CDF?s to Construct PDF?s for Deterministic Variables This section contains standard results from...

  4. Recent developments in heavy flavour production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Kramer

    2007-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We review one-particle inclusive production of heavy-flavoured hadrons in a framework which resums the large collinear logarithms through the evolution of the FFs and PDFs and retains the full dependence on the heavy-quark mass without additional theoretical assumptions. We focus on presenting results for the inclusive cross section for the production of charmed mesons in p anti-p collisions and the comparison with CDF data from the Tevatron as well as on inclusive B-meson production and comparison with recent CDF data. The third topic is the production of D^* mesons in photoproduction and comparison with recent H1 data from HERA.

  5. Test of the Fluctuation Relation in lagrangian turbulence on a free surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. M. Bandi; J. R. Cressman Jr.; W. I. Goldburg

    2007-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The statistics of lagrangian velocity divergence are studied for an assembly of particles in compressible turbulence on a free surface. Under an appropriate definition of entropy, the two-dimensional lagrangian velocity divergence of a particle trajectory represents the local entropy rate, a random variable. The statistics of this rate are shown to be in agreement with the fluctuation relation (FR) over a limited range. The probability distribution functions (PDFs) obtained in this analysis exhibit features different from those observed in previous experimental tests.

  6. The CJ12 parton distributions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Accardi, Alberto [JLAB; Owens, Jeff F. [Florida State U.

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Three new sets of next-to-leading order parton distribution functions (PDFs) are presented, determined by global fits to a wide variety of data for hard scattering processes. The analysis includes target mass and higher twist corrections needed for the description of deep-inelastic scattering data at large x and low Q^2, and nuclear corrections for deuterium targets. The PDF sets correspond to three different models for the nuclear effects, and provide a more realistic uncertainty range for the d quark PDF compared with previous fits. Applications to weak boson production at colliders are also discussed.

  7. Spin Physics Experiments at NICA-SPD with polarized proton and deuteron beams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. A. Savin; A. V. Efremov; D. V. Peshekhonov; A. D. Kovalenko; O. V. Teryaev; O. Yu. Shevchenko; A. P. Nagajcev; A. V. Guskov; V. V. Kukhtin; N. D. Topilin

    2014-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose to perform measurements of asymmetries of the Drell-Yan (DY) pairs production in collisions of non-polarized, longitudinally and transversally polarized protons and deuterons which provide an access to all leading twist collinear and TMD PDFs of quarks and anti-quarks in nucleons. The measurements of asymmetries in production of J/\\Psi and direct photons will be performed as well simultaneously with DY using dedicated triggers. The set of these measurements will supply complete information for tests of the quark-parton model of nucleons at the QCD twist-two level with minimal systematic errors.

  8. Progress in the Neural Network Determination of Polarized Parton Distributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Rojo; G. Ridolfi; R. D. Ball; V. Bertone; F. Cerutti; L. Del Debbio; S. Forte; A. Guffanti; J. I. Latorre; M. Ubiali

    2010-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We review recent progress towards a determination of a set of polarized parton distributions from a global set of deep-inelastic scattering data based on the NNPDF methodology, in analogy with the unpolarized case. This method is designed to provide a faithful and statistically sound representation of parton distributions and their uncertainties. We show how the FastKernel method provides a fast and accurate method for solving the polarized DGLAP equations. We discuss the polarized PDF parametrizations and the physical constraints which can be imposed. Preliminary results suggest that the uncertainty on polarized PDFs, most notably the gluon, has been underestimated in previous studies.

  9. Detailed Modeling of Industrial Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in an Integrated Assessment Model of Long-term Global Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinha, P.; Wise, M.; Smith, S.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Characterization of the U.S. Industrial/Commercial Boiler Population (May 2005),Submitted to Oak RidgeNational Laboratory, http://www.eea-inc.com/natgas_reports/BoilersFinal.pdf Edmonds J, Clarke K, Dooley J, Kim S.H, Smith SJ. (2004) Stabilization of CO2 in a B2...-003 Xenergy,Inc.United States Industrial Electric Motor Systems Market Opportunities Assessment, (December 2002), Prepared for US Department of Energys THE U.S. Department Of Energys Office Of Industrial Technologies And Oak RidgeNational Laboratory. http://eereweb.ee.doe.gov/industry/bestpractices/pdfs/mtrmkt.pdf ...

  10. Valence quark distributions of the proton from maximum entropy approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rong Wang; Xurong Chen

    2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an attempt of maximum entropy principle to determine valence quark distributions in the proton at very low resolution scale $Q_0^2$. The initial three valence quark distributions are obtained with limited dynamical information from quark model and QCD theory. Valence quark distributions from this method are compared to the lepton deep inelastic scattering data, and the widely used CT10 and MSTW08 data sets. The obtained valence quark distributions are consistent with experimental observations and the latest global fits of PDFs. Maximum entropy method is expected to be particularly useful in the case where relatively little information from QCD calculation is given.

  11. Valence quark distributions of the proton from maximum entropy approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Rong

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an attempt of maximum entropy principle to determine valence quark distributions in the proton at very low resolution scale $Q_0^2$. The initial three valence quark distributions are obtained with limited dynamical information from quark model and QCD theory. Valence quark distributions from this method are compared to the lepton deep inelastic scattering data, and the widely used CT10 and MSTW08 data sets. The obtained valence quark distributions are consistent with experimental observations and the latest global fits of PDFs. Maximum entropy method is expected to be particularly useful in the case where relatively little information from QCD calculation is given.

  12. You are now leaving Energy.gov | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov Youacore.org/files/pdfs/Renewable-Energy-for-Military-Installations.pdf

  13. 1

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2UraniumEnergy CityDepartment of EnergyOffice ofSTATEMENT0980_001.pdfS

  14. Evidence of Shock-Driven Turbulence in the Solar Chromosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. P. Reardon; F. Lepreti; V. Carbone; A. Vecchio

    2008-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the acoustic properties of the solar chromosphere in the high-frequency regime using a time sequence of velocity measurements in the chromospheric Ca II 854.2 nm line taken with the Interferometric Bidimensional Spectrometer (IBIS). We concentrate on quiet-Sun behavior, apply Fourier analysis, and characterize the observations in terms of the probability density functions (PDFs) of velocity increments. We confirm the presence of significant oscillatory fluctuation power above the cutoff frequency and find that it obeys a power-law distribution with frequency up to our 25 mHz Nyquist limit. The chromospheric PDFs are non-Gaussian and asymmetric and they differ among network, fibril, and internetwork regions. This suggests that the chromospheric high-frequency power is not simply the result of short-period waves propagating upward from the photosphere but rather is the signature of turbulence generated within the chromosphere from shock oscillations near the cutoff frequency. The presence of this pervasive and broad spectrum of motions in the chromosphere is likely to have implications for the excitation of coronal loop oscillations.

  15. Testing nuclear parton distributions with pA collisions at the LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paloma Quiroga-Arias; Jose Guilherme Milhano; Urs Achin Wiedemann

    2010-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Global perturbative QCD analyses, based on large data sets from electron-proton and hadron collider experiments, provide tight constraints on the parton distribution function (PDF) in the proton. The extension of these analyses to nuclear parton distributions (nPDF) has attracted much interest in recent years. nPDFs are needed as benchmarks for the characterization of hot QCD matter in nucleus-nucleus collisions, and attract further interest since they may show novel signatures of non-linear density-dependent QCD evolution. However, it is not known from first principles whether the factorization of long-range phenomena into process-independent parton distribution, which underlies global PDF extractions for the proton, extends to nuclear effects. As a consequence, assessing the reliability of nPDFs for benchmark calculations goes beyond testing the numerical accuracy of their extraction and requires phenomenological tests of the factorization assumption. Here we argue that a proton-nucleus collision program at the LHC would provide a set of measurements allowing for unprecedented tests of the factorization assumption underlying global nPDF fits.

  16. Testing collinear factorization and nuclear parton distributions with pA collisions at the LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paloma Quiroga-Arias; Jose Guilherme Milhano; Urs Achim Wiedemann

    2010-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Global perturbative QCD analyses, based on large data sets from electron-proton and hadron collider experiments, provide tight constraints on the parton distribution function (PDF) in the proton. The extension of these analyses to nuclear parton distributions (nPDF) has attracted much interest in recent years. nPDFs are needed as benchmarks for the characterization of hot QCD matter in nucleus-nucleus collisions, and attract further interest since they may show novel signatures of non- linear density-dependent QCD evolution. However, it is not known from first principles whether the factorization of long-range phenomena into process-independent parton distribution, which underlies global PDF extractions for the proton, extends to nuclear effects. As a consequence, assessing the reliability of nPDFs for benchmark calculations goes beyond testing the numerical accuracy of their extraction and requires phenomenological tests of the factorization assumption. Here we argue that a proton-nucleus collision program at the LHC would provide a set of measurements allowing for unprecedented tests of the factorization assumption underlying global nPDF fits.

  17. Probability distribution function for inclinations of merging compact binaries detected by gravitational wave interferometers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naoki Seto

    2014-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We analytically discuss probability distribution function (PDF) for inclinations of merging compact binaries whose gravitational waves are coherently detected by a network of ground based interferometers. The PDF would be useful for studying prospects of (1) simultaneously detecting electromagnetic signals (such as gamma-ray-bursts) associated with binary mergers and (2) statistically constraining the related theoretical models from the actual observational data of multi-messenger astronomy. Our approach is similar to Schutz (2011), but we explicitly include the dependence of the polarization angles of the binaries, based on the concise formulation given in Cutler and Flanagan (1994). We find that the overall profiles of the PDFs are similar for any networks composed by the second generation detectors (Advanced-LIGO, Advanced-Virgo, KAGRA, LIGO-India). For example, 5.1% of detected binaries would have inclination angle less than 10 degree with at most 0.1% differences between the potential networks. A perturbative expression is also provided for generating the PDFs with a small number of parameters given by directional averages of the quantity $\\epsilon$ that characterises the asymmetry of network sensitivities to incoming two orthogonal polarization modes.

  18. QCD and QED dynamics in the EMC effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frankfurt, Leonid

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Applying exact QCD sum rules for the baryon charge and energy momentum conservation we demonstrate that if the only degrees of freedom in nuclei were nucleons, nuclear pdfs would be the additive sum of the nucleon pdfs at the same Bjorken x=AQ^2/2(p_A q) 0.1. Hence QCD implies that the proper quantity to reveal violation of the additivity due to presence of nonnucleonic degrees of freedom in nuclei is the ratio R_A(x,Q)=(2/A)F_{2A}(x,Q)/F_{2D}(x,Q). Use of variable x_p=Q^2/2q_0m_p in the experimental studies instead of x leads to the deviation of R_A(x_p,Q) from one even if the nucleus would consist only of nucleons with small momenta.Implementation of QCD dynamics and contribution of equivalent photons accounts for at least a half of the deviation of R_A(x_p,Q) from one for x0.6 posing a serious challenge for most of the proposed models of the EMC effect. The data are consistent with a scenario in which the hadronic EMC effect reflects suppression of rare quark-gluon configurations in nucleons belonging to S...

  19. Incorporating Urban Systems in Global Climate Models: The Role of GIScience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feddema, Johannes J.

    2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    0.92 brick 0.7 1360.0 0.3 1700 800 0.9 mud 1.0 1456.0 0.3 1820 800 0.9 wood 0.1 1127.5 0.5 550 2050 0.87 glass 0.9 2100.0 0.08 2500 840 0.91 stone 2.6 2310.0 0.275 2750 840 0.92 adobe 1.0 1456.0 0.3 1820 800 0.91 rubble 0.8 950 0.275 1900 500 0..., Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC02- 97ER62402, by the National Science Foundation grant numbers ATM-0107404, and ATM-0413540, the NCAR Weather and Climate Impact Assessment Science Initiative, and the University of Kansas, Center for Research. Motivation...

  20. Transverse Spin Physics at COMPASS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Federica Sozzi; for the COMPASS Collaboration

    2009-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The study of transverse spin effects is part of the scientific program of COMPASS, a fixed target experiment at the CERN SPS. COMPASS investigates the transversity PDFs in semi-inclusive DIS, using a longitudinally polarized muon beam of 160 GeV/c impinging on a transversely polarized target. From 2002 to 2004, data have been collected using a $^6$LiD target transversely polarized. Transversity has been measured using different quark polarimeters: the azimuthal distribution of single hadrons, the azimuthal dependence of the plane containing hadron pairs, and the measurement of the transverse polarization of baryons ($\\Lambda$ hyperons). All the asymmetries have been found to be small, and compatible with zero, a result which has been interpreted as a cancellation between the u and d-quark contributions. In 2007 COMPASS has taken data using a NH$_3$ polarized proton target which will give complementary information on transverse spin effects.

  1. An SMLD joint PDF model for turbulent non-premixed combustion using the flamelet progress-variable approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coclite, Alessandro; De Palma, Pietro; Cutrone, Luigi; Ihme, Matthias

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides an improved flamelet/progress variable (FPV) model for the simulation of turbulent combustion, employing the statistically most likely distribution (SMLD) approach for the joint probability density function (PDF) of the mixture fraction, Z, and of the progress parameter, {\\Lambda} . Steady-state FPV models are built presuming the func- tional shape of the joint PDF of Z and {\\Lambda} in order to evaluate Favre-averages of thermody- namic quantities. The mixture fraction is widely assumed to behave as a passive scalar with a mono-modal behaviour modelled by a \\b{eta} -distribution. Moreover, under the hypothesis that Z and {\\Lambda} are statistically independent, the joint PDF coincides with the product of the two marginal PDFs. In this work we discuss these two constitutive hypotheses. The proposed model evaluates the most probable joint distribution of Z and {\\Lambda} , relaxing some crucial as- sumption on their statistical behaviour. This provides a more general model in the context of ...

  2. Power law burst and inter-burst interval distributions in the solar wind: turbulence or dissipative SOC ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. P. Freeman; N. W. Watkins; D. J. Riley

    2000-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate for the first time the probability density functions (PDFs) P of burst energy e, duration T and inter-burst interval tau for a known turbulent system in nature. Bursts in the earth-sun component of the Poynting flux at 1 AU in the solar wind were measured using the MFI and SWE experiments on the NASA WIND spacecraft. We find P(e) and P(T) to be power laws, consistent with self-organised criticality (SOC). We find also a power law form for P(tau) that distinguishes this turbulent cascade from the exponential P(tau) of ideal SOC, but not from some other SOC-like sandpile models. We discuss the implications for the relation between SOC and turbulence.

  3. Observational Diagnostics of Self-Gravitating MHD Turbulence in Giant Molecular Clouds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burkhart, Blakesley; Lazarian, Alex

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the observable signatures of self-gravitating MHD turbulence by applying the probability density functions (PDFs) and the spatial density power spectrum to synthetic column density maps. We find that there exists three characterizable stages of the evolution of the collapsing cloud which we term "early," "intermediate," and "advanced." At early times, i.e. $t0.35t_{ff}$, the power spectral slope is positive valued, and a dramatic increase is observed in the PDF moments and the Tsallis incremental PDF parameters, which gives rise to deviations between PDF-sonic Mach number relations. Finally, we show that the imprint of gravity on the density power spectrum can be replicated in non-gravitating turbulence by introducing a delta-function with amplitude equivalent to the maximum valued point in a given self-gravitating map. We find that the turbulence power spectrum restored through spatial filtering of the high density material.

  4. Methods for Developing Emissions Scenarios for Integrated Assessment Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prinn, Ronald [MIT; Webster, Mort [MIT

    2007-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall objective of this research was to contribute data and methods to support the future development of new emissions scenarios for integrated assessment of climate change. Specifically, this research had two main objectives: 1. Use historical data on economic growth and energy efficiency changes, and develop probability density functions (PDFs) for the appropriate parameters for two or three commonly used integrated assessment models. 2. Using the parameter distributions developed through the first task and previous work, we will develop methods of designing multi-gas emission scenarios that usefully span the joint uncertainty space in a small number of scenarios. Results on the autonomous energy efficiency improvement (AEEI) parameter are summarized, an uncertainty analysis of elasticities of substitution is described, and the probabilistic emissions scenario approach is presented.

  5. Reducing roof fall accidents on retreat mining sections

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mark, C.; Zelanko, J.C. [National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) (United States). Rock Mechanics Section

    2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Pillar recovery continues to be one of the most hazardous activities in underground mining. Global stability, achieved through proper pillar design, is a necessary prerequisite for safe pillar recovery. Local stability means preventing roof falls in the working area. It is achieved by minimizing the 'risk factors' described in this paper. Roof Control Plans developed at each underground coal mine often address both engineering parameters and human behavior issues. These plans are essential to all mining activities, but nowhere are they more important than in pillar recovery. Pillaring leaves little tolerance for error, and mistakes can be deadly. Roof Control Plans must be carefully drawn up to address site-specific conditions, and then carefully implemented and followed. Miners and foremen involved in pillar extraction should be trained to know and understand the plan prior to beginning retreat mining. More details can be found at www.cdc.gov/niosh/mining/pubs/pdfs/rtrog.pdf. 3 figs.

  6. aMCfast: automation of fast NLO computations for PDF fits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valerio Bertone; Rikkert Frederix; Stefano Frixione; Juan Rojo; Mark Sutton

    2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the interface between MadGraph5_aMC@NLO, a self-contained program that calculates cross sections up to next-to-leading order accuracy in an automated manner, and APPLgrid, a code that parametrises such cross sections in the form of look-up tables which can be used for the fast computations needed in the context of PDF fits. The main characteristic of this interface, which we dub aMCfast, is its being fully automated as well, which removes the need to extract manually the process-specific information for additional physics processes, as is the case with other matrix element calculators, and renders it straightforward to include any new process in the PDF fits. We demonstrate this by studying several cases which are easily measured at the LHC, have a good constraining power on PDFs, and some of which were previously unavailable in the form of a fast interface.

  7. QCD Precision Measurements and Structure Function Extraction at a High Statistics, High Energy Neutrino Scattering Experiment: NuSOnG

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adams, T.; /Florida State U.; Batra, P.; /Columbia U.; Bugel, Leonard G.; /Columbia U.; Camilleri, Leslie Loris; /Columbia U.; Conrad, Janet Marie; /MIT; de Gouvea, A.; /Northwestern U.; Fisher, Peter H.; /MIT; Formaggio, Joseph Angelo; /MIT; Jenkins, J.; /Northwestern U.; Karagiorgi, Georgia S.; /MIT; Kobilarcik, T.R.; /Fermilab /Texas U.

    2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We extend the physics case for a new high-energy, ultra-high statistics neutrino scattering experiment, NuSOnG (Neutrino Scattering On Glass) to address a variety of issues including precision QCD measurements, extraction of structure functions, and the derived Parton Distribution Functions (PDFs). This experiment uses a Tevatron-based neutrino beam to obtain a sample of Deep Inelastic Scattering (DIS) events which is over two orders of magnitude larger than past samples. We outline an innovative method for fitting the structure functions using a parameterized energy shift which yields reduced systematic uncertainties. High statistics measurements, in combination with improved systematics, will enable NuSOnG to perform discerning tests of fundamental Standard Model parameters as we search for deviations which may hint of 'Beyond the Standard Model' physics.

  8. Mixing by Swimming Algae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guasto, Jeffrey S; Gollub, J P; Pesci, Adriana I; Goldstein, Raymond E

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this fluid dynamics video, we demonstrate the microscale mixing enhancement of passive tracer particles in suspensions of swimming microalgae, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. These biflagellated, single-celled eukaryotes (10 micron diameter) swim with a "breaststroke" pulling motion of their flagella at speeds of about 100 microns/s and exhibit heterogeneous trajectory shapes. Fluorescent tracer particles (2 micron diameter) allowed us to quantify the enhanced mixing caused by the swimmers, which is relevant to suspension feeding and biogenic mixing. Without swimmers present, tracer particles diffuse slowly due solely to Brownian motion. As the swimmer concentration is increased, the probability density functions (PDFs) of tracer displacements develop strong exponential tails, and the Gaussian core broadens. High-speed imaging (500 Hz) of tracer-swimmer interactions demonstrates the importance of flagellar beating in creating oscillatory flows that exceed Brownian motion out to about 5 cell radii from the swimm...

  9. A search for resonant production of tt? pairs in 4.8 fb-1 of integrated luminosity of pp? collisions at ?s=1.96 TeV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aaltonen, T [Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B [Oviedo U.; Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; Amerio, S [INFN, Padua; Amidei, D [Michigan U.; Anastassov, A [Northwestern U.; Annovi, A [Frascati; Antos, J [Comenius U.; Apollinari, G [Fermilab; Appel, J A [Fermilab; Apresyan, A [Purdue U.; Arisawa, T [Waseda U.; Dubna, JINR

    2011-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We search for resonant production of tt? pairs in 4.8 fb-1 integrated luminosity of pp? collision data at ?s = 1.96 TeV in the lepton+jets decay channel, where one top quark decays leptonically and the other hadronically. A matrix element reconstruction technique is used; for each event a probability density function (pdf) of the tt? candidate invariant mass is sampled. These pdfs are used to construct a likelihood function, whereby the cross section for resonant tt? production is estimated, given a hypothetical resonance mass and width. The data indicate no evidence of resonant production of tt? pairs. A benchmark model of leptophobic Z' ? tt? is excluded with mZ' < 900 GeV at 95% confidence level.

  10. Measurement of d sigma/dy of Drell-Yan e+ e- pairs in the Z Mass Region from p anti-p Collisions at s88(1/2) = 1.96-TeV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aaltonen, T.; /Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Adelman, J.; /Chicago U., EFI; Akimoto, T.; /Tsukuba U.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; /Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; Amerio, S.; /Padua U. /INFN, Padua; Amidei, D.; /Michigan U.; Anastassov, A.; /Northwestern U.; Annovi, A.; /Frascati; Antos, J.; /Comenius U.; Apollinari, G.; /Fermilab; Apresyan, A.; /Purdue U. /Waseda U.

    2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on a CDF measurement of the total cross section and rapidity distribution, d{sigma}/dy, for q{bar q} {yields} {gamma}*/Z {yields} e{sup +}e{sup -} events in the Z boson mass region (66 < M{sub ee} < 116 GeV/c{sup 2}) produced in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV with 2.1 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity. The measured cross section of 256 {+-} 16 pb and d{sigma}/dy distribution are compared with Next-to-Leading-Order and Next-to-Next-to-Leading-Order QCD theory predictions with CTEQ and MRST parton distribution functions (PDFs). There is good agreement between data and theory except at large rapidity for which further tuning of PDF models may be needed.

  11. A search for resonant production of tt? pairs in 4.8 fb-1 of integrated luminosity of pp? collisions at ?s=1.96 TeV

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Aaltonen, T [Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B [Oviedo U.; Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; Amerio, S [INFN, Padua; Amidei, D [Michigan U.; Anastassov, A [Northwestern U.; Annovi, A [Frascati; Antos, J [Comenius U.; Apollinari, G [Fermilab; Appel, J A [Fermilab; Apresyan, A [Purdue U.; Arisawa, T [Waseda U.; Dubna, JINR

    2011-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We search for resonant production of tt? pairs in 4.8 fb-1 integrated luminosity of pp? collision data at ?s = 1.96 TeV in the lepton+jets decay channel, where one top quark decays leptonically and the other hadronically. A matrix element reconstruction technique is used; for each event a probability density function (pdf) of the tt? candidate invariant mass is sampled. These pdfs are used to construct a likelihood function, whereby the cross section for resonant tt? production is estimated, given a hypothetical resonance mass and width. The data indicate no evidence of resonant production of tt? pairs. A benchmark model of leptophobic Z' ? tt? is excluded with mZ' < 900 GeV at 95% confidence level.

  12. A model for net-baryon rapidity distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Alvarez-Muiz; R. Conceio; J. Dias de Deus; M. C. Esprito Santo; J. G. Milhano; M. Pimenta

    2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    In nuclear collisions, a sizable fraction of the available energy is carried away by baryons. As the baryon number is conserved, the net-baryon $B-\\bar{B}$ retains information on the energy-momentum carried by the incoming nuclei. A simple and consistent model for net-baryon production in high energy proton-proton and nucleus-nucleus collisions is presented. The basic ingredients of the model are valence string formation based on standard PDFs with QCD evolution and string fragmentation via the Schwinger mechanism. The results of the model are presented and compared with data at different centre-of-mass energies and centralities, as well as with existing models. These results show that a good description of the main features of net-baryon data is possible in the framework of a simplistic model, with the advantage of making the fundamental production mechanisms manifest.

  13. Net-Baryon Physics: Basic Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Alvarez-Muniz; R. Conceicao; J. Dias de Deus; M. C. Espirito Santo; J. G. Milhano; M. Pimenta

    2007-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    It is well known that, in nuclear collisions, a sizable fraction of the available energy is carried away by baryons. As the baryon number is conserved, the net-baryon $B-\\bar{B}$ retains information on the energy-momentum carried by the incoming nuclei. A simple but consistent model for net-baryon production in high energy hadron-hadron, hadron-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus collisions is presented. The basic ingredients of the model are valence string formation based on standard PDFs with QCD evolution and string fragmentation via the Schwinger mechanism. The results of the model are presented and compared with both data and existing models. These results show that a good description of the main features of net-baryon data is possible on the framework of a simplistic model, with the advantage of making the fundamental production mechanisms manifest.

  14. Modeling of scalar dissipation rates in flamelet models for low temperature combustion engine simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Saurabh; Pal, Pinaki; Im, Hong G

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The flamelet approach offers a viable framework for combustion modeling of homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engines under stratified mixture conditions. Scalar dissipation rate acts as a key parameter in flamelet-based combustion models which connects the physical mixing space to the reactive space. The aim of this paper is to gain fundamental insights into turbulent mixing in low temperature combustion (LTC) engines and investigate the modeling of scalar dissipation rate. Three direct numerical simulation (DNS) test cases of two-dimensional turbulent auto-ignition of a hydrogen-air mixture with different correlations of temperature and mixture fraction are considered, which are representative of different ignition regimes. The existing models of mean and conditional scalar dissipation rates, and probability density functions (PDFs) of mixture fraction and total enthalpy are a priori validated against the DNS data.

  15. First tuning of HERWIG/JIMMY to ATLAS data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The ATLAS collaboration

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This note describes the first systematic tuning of the HERWIG generator to ATLAS data, with the JIMMY model for multiple parton interactions. We present a new set of HERWIG/JIMMY tunes for the MRST LO?, CTEQ6L1 and CTEQ6.6 PDFs, collectively titled "AUET1". The MC09 HERWIG/JIMMY tuning was taken as a starting point for the AUET1 tunes, but important methodological modifications have been made, in particular use of more tuning parameters. In the tuning of the regularisation scale for multiple scattering, an energy-dependence ansatz similar to the one found in the PYTHIA 6 generator has been used. While CDF data has been included in the fits, the weighting is strongly biased towards ATLAS underlying event data, particularly at 7 TeV.

  16. WHAT DETERMINES THE DENSITY STRUCTURE OF MOLECULAR CLOUDS? A CASE STUDY OF ORION B WITH HERSCHEL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schneider, N.; Andre, Ph.; Koenyves, V.; Motte, F.; Arzoumanian, D.; Didelon, P.; Hennemann, M.; Hill, T.; Palmeirim, P.; Peretto, N.; Roy, A. [IRFU/SAp CEA/DSM, Laboratoire AIM CNRS, Universite Paris Diderot, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Bontemps, S. [OASU/LAB-UMR5804, CNRS, Universite Bordeaux 1, F-33270 Floirac (France); Federrath, C. [MoCA, School of Mathematical Sciences, Monash University, VIC 3800 (Australia); Ward-Thompson, D. [Jeremiah Horrocks Institute, UCLAN, Preston, Lancashire PR1 2HE (United Kingdom); Benedettini, M.; Pezzuto, S.; Rygl, K. L. J. [IAPS-INAF, Fosso del Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Roma (Italy); Bressert, E. [CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, Epping (Australia); Di Francesco, J. [NRCC, Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, University of Victoria (Canada); Griffin, M. [University School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff (United Kingdom); and others

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A key parameter to the description of all star formation processes is the density structure of the gas. In this Letter, we make use of probability distribution functions (PDFs) of Herschel column density maps of Orion B, Aquila, and Polaris, obtained with the Herschel Gould Belt survey (HGBS). We aim to understand which physical processes influence the PDF shape, and with which signatures. The PDFs of Orion B (Aquila) show a lognormal distribution for low column densities until A{sub V} {approx} 3 (6), and a power-law tail for high column densities, consistent with a {rho}{proportional_to}r {sup -2} profile for the equivalent spherical density distribution. The PDF of Orion B is broadened by external compression due to the nearby OB stellar aggregates. The PDF of a quiescent subregion of the non-star-forming Polaris cloud is nearly lognormal, indicating that supersonic turbulence governs the density distribution. But we also observe a deviation from the lognormal shape at A{sub V} > 1 for a subregion in Polaris that includes a prominent filament. We conclude that (1) the point where the PDF deviates from the lognormal form does not trace a universal A{sub V} -threshold for star formation, (2) statistical density fluctuations, intermittency, and magnetic fields can cause excess from the lognormal PDF at an early cloud formation stage, (3) core formation and/or global collapse of filaments and a non-isothermal gas distribution lead to a power-law tail, and (4) external compression broadens the column density PDF, consistent with numerical simulations.

  17. ON THE STAR FORMATION EFFICIENCY OF TURBULENT MAGNETIZED CLOUDS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Federrath, Christoph [Monash Centre for Astrophysics, School of Mathematical Sciences, Monash University, Vic 3800 (Australia)] [Monash Centre for Astrophysics, School of Mathematical Sciences, Monash University, Vic 3800 (Australia); Klessen, Ralf S., E-mail: christoph.federrath@monash.edu [Institut fuer Theoretische Astrophysik, Zentrum fuer Astronomie, Universitaet Heidelberg, Albert-Ueberle-Str. 2, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany)

    2013-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the star formation efficiency (SFE) in simulations and observations of turbulent, magnetized, molecular clouds. We find that the probability density functions (PDFs) of the density and the column density in our simulations with solenoidal, mixed, and compressive forcing of turbulence, sonic Mach numbers of 3-50, and magnetic fields in the super- to the trans-Alfvenic regime all develop power-law tails of flattening slope with increasing SFE. The high-density tails of the PDFs are consistent with equivalent radial density profiles, {rho}{proportional_to}r {sup -{kappa}} with {kappa} {approx} 1.5-2.5, in agreement with observations. Studying velocity-size scalings, we find that all the simulations are consistent with the observed v{proportional_to}l{sup 1/2} scaling of supersonic turbulence and seem to approach Kolmogorov turbulence with v{proportional_to}l{sup 1/3} below the sonic scale. The velocity-size scaling is, however, largely independent of the SFE. In contrast, the density-size and column density-size scalings are highly sensitive to star formation. We find that the power-law slope {alpha} of the density power spectrum, P {sub 3D}({rho}, k){proportional_to}k {sup {alpha}}, or equivalently the {Delta}-variance spectrum of the column density, {sigma}{sup 2} {sub {Delta}}({Sigma}, l) {proportional_to} l{sup -{alpha}}, switches sign from {alpha} {approx}< 0 for SFE {approx} 0 to {alpha} {approx}> 0 when star formation proceeds (SFE > 0). We provide a relation to compute the SFE from a measurement of {alpha}. Studying the literature, we find values ranging from {alpha} = -1.6 to +1.6 in observations covering scales from the large-scale atomic medium, over cold molecular clouds, down to dense star-forming cores. From those {alpha} values, we infer SFEs and find good agreement with independent measurements based on young stellar object (YSO) counts, where available. Our SFE-{alpha} relation provides an independent estimate of the SFE based on the column density map of a cloud alone, without requiring a priori knowledge of star formation activity or YSO counts.

  18. Assessment of interpatient heterogeneity in tumor radiosensitivity for nonsmall cell lung cancer using tumor-volume variation data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chvetsov, Alexei V., E-mail: chvetsov2@gmail.com; Schwartz, Jeffrey L.; Mayr, Nina [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Seattle, Washington 98195-6043 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Seattle, Washington 98195-6043 (United States); Yartsev, Slav [London Regional Cancer Program, London Health Sciences Centre, 790 Commissioners Road East, London, Ontario 46A 4L6 (Canada)] [London Regional Cancer Program, London Health Sciences Centre, 790 Commissioners Road East, London, Ontario 46A 4L6 (Canada)

    2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: In our previous work, the authors showed that a distribution of cell surviving fractionsS{sub 2} in a heterogeneous group of patients could be derived from tumor-volume variation curves during radiotherapy for head and neck cancer. In this research study, the authors show that this algorithm can be applied to other tumors, specifically in nonsmall cell lung cancer. This new application includes larger patient volumes and includes comparison of data sets obtained at independent institutions. Methods: Our analysis was based on two data sets of tumor-volume variation curves for heterogeneous groups of 17 patients treated for nonsmall cell lung cancer with conventional dose fractionation. The data sets were obtained previously at two independent institutions by using megavoltage computed tomography. Statistical distributions of cell surviving fractionsS{sub 2} and clearance half-lives of lethally damaged cells T{sub 1/2} have been reconstructed in each patient group by using a version of the two-level cell population model of tumor response and a simulated annealing algorithm. The reconstructed statistical distributions of the cell surviving fractions have been compared to the distributions measured using predictive assays in vitro. Results: Nonsmall cell lung cancer presents certain difficulties for modeling surviving fractions using tumor-volume variation curves because of relatively large fractional hypoxic volume, low gradient of tumor-volume response, and possible uncertainties due to breathing motion. Despite these difficulties, cell surviving fractionsS{sub 2} for nonsmall cell lung cancer derived from tumor-volume variation measured at different institutions have similar probability density functions (PDFs) with mean values of 0.30 and 0.43 and standard deviations of 0.13 and 0.18, respectively. The PDFs for cell surviving fractions S{sub 2} reconstructed from tumor volume variation agree with the PDF measured in vitro. Conclusions: The data obtained in this work, when taken together with the data obtained previously for head and neck cancer, suggests that the cell surviving fractionsS{sub 2} can be reconstructed from the tumor volume variation curves measured during radiotherapy with conventional fractionation. The proposed method can be used for treatment evaluation and adaptation.

  19. Measurement of the inclusive jet cross section in proton-antiproton collisions at the center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Voutilainen, Mikko Antero; /Helsinki Inst. of Phys. /Helsinki U. of Tech. /Nebraska U. /Saclay

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis studies the high-energy collisions of protons and antiprotons. The data used in the measurement were collected during 2004-2005 with the D0 detector at the Tevatron Collider of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and correspond to 0.7 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity. High energy hadron collisions usually produce collimated sprays of particles called jets. The energy of the jets is measured using a liquid Argon-Uranium calorimeter and the production angle is determined with the help of silicon microstrip and scintillating fiber trackers. The inclusive jet cross section in proton-antiproton collisions is measured as a function of jet transverse momentum p{sub T} in six bins of jet rapidity at the center-of-mass energy {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. The measurement covers jet transerve momenta from 50 GeV up to 600 GeV and jet rapidities up to |y| = 2.4. The data are collected using a set of seven single jet triggers. Event and jet cuts are applied to remove non-physical backgrounds and cosmic-ray interactions. The data are corrected for jet energy calibration, cut and trigger efficiencies and finite jet p{sub T} resolution. The corrections are determined from data and the methods are tested with Monte Carlo simulation. The main experimental challenges in the measurement are the calibration of jet energies and the determination of the jet p{sub T} resolution. New methods are developed for the jet energy calibration that take into account physical differences between the {gamma}+jet and dijet calibration samples arising from quark and gluon jet differences. The uncertainty correlations are studied and provided as a set of uncertainty sources. The production of particle jets in hadron collisions is described by the theory of quantum chromodynamics (QCD). When the transverse jet momentum is large, the contributions from long-distance physics processes are small and the production rates of jets can be predicted by perturbative QCD. The inclusive jet cross section in p{bar p} collisions at large p{sub T} is directly sensitive to the strong coupling constant ({alpha}{sub s}) and the parton distribution functions (PDFs) of the proton. This measurement can be used to constrain the PDFs, in particular the gluon PDF at high proton momentum fraction x, and to look for quark substructure at the TeV scale. The data are compared to the theory predictions with perturbative QCD in the next-to-leading order precision and a good agreement between data and theory is observed.

  20. Using cloud resolving model simulations of deep convection to inform cloud parameterizations in large-scale models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klein, Stephen A.; Pincus, Robert; Xu, Kuan-man

    2003-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Cloud parameterizations in large-scale models struggle to address the significant non-linear effects of radiation and precipitation that arise from horizontal inhomogeneity in cloud properties at scales smaller than the grid box size of the large-scale models. Statistical cloud schemes provide an attractive framework to self-consistently predict the horizontal inhomogeneity in radiation and microphysics because the probability distribution function (PDF) of total water contained in the scheme can be used to calculate these non-linear effects. Statistical cloud schemes were originally developed for boundary layer studies so extending them to a global model with many different environments is not straightforward. For example, deep convection creates abundant cloudiness and yet little is known about how deep convection alters the PDF of total water or how to parameterize these impacts. These issues are explored with data from a 29 day simulation by a cloud resolving model (CRM) of the July 1997 ARM Intensive Observing Period at the Southern Great Plains site. The simulation is used to answer two questions: (a) how well can the beta distribution represent the PDFs of total water relative to saturation resolved by the CRM? (b) how can the effects of convection on the PDF be parameterized? In addition to answering these questions, additional sections more fully describe the proposed statistical cloud scheme and the CRM simulation and analysis methods.

  1. Probing nuclear dynamics in jet production with a global event shape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhong-Bo Kang; Xiaohui Liu; Sonny Mantry; Jian-Wei Qiu

    2014-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We study single jet production in electron-nucleus collisions e^- + N_A -> J + X, using the 1-jettiness (\\tau_1) global event shape. It inclusively quantifies the pattern of radiation in the final state, gives enhanced sensitivity to soft radiation at wide angles from the nuclear beam and final-state jet, and facilitates the resummation of large Sudakov logarithms associated with the veto on additional jets. Through their effect on the observed pattern of radiation, 1-jettiness can be a useful probe of nuclear PDFs and power corrections from dynamical effects in the nuclear medium. This formalism allows for the standard jet shape analysis while simultaneously providing sensitivity to soft radiation at wide angles from the jet. We use a factorization framework for cross-sections differential in $\\tau_1$ and the transverse momentum (P_{J_T}) and rapidity (y) of the jet, in the region \\tau_1radiation between the nuclear beam and jet directions, thereby acting as a veto on additional jets. This region is also insensitive to the details of the jet algorithm, allowing for better theoretical control over resummation, while providing enhanced sensitivity to nuclear medium effects. We give numerical results at leading twist, with resummation at the next-to-next-to-leading logarithmic (NNLL) level of accuracy, for a variety of nuclear targets. Such studies would be ideal for the EIC and the LHeC proposals for a future electron-ion collider, where a range of nuclear targets are planned.

  2. THE EFFECTS OF NUMERICAL METHODS ON THE STATISTICAL COMPARISON BETWEEN EXPERIMENTS AND SIMULATIONS OF SHOCKED GAS CYLINDERS.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rider, William; Kamm, J. R. (James R.); Tomkins, C. D. (Chris D.); Prestridge, K. P. (Katherine P.); Rightley, P. M. (Paul M.); Benjamin, R. F. (Robert F.); Zoldi, C. A. (Cindy A.)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Validation of numerical simulations, Le., the quantitative comparison of calculated results with experimental data, is an essential practice in computational fluid dynamics. These comparisons are particularly difficult in the field of shock-accelerated fluid mixing, which can be dominated by irregular structures induced by flow instabilities. Such flows exhibit non-deterministic behavior, which eliminates my direct way to establish correspondence between experimental data and numerical simulation. We examine the detailed structures of mixing experiments and their simulation for Richtmyer-Meshkov (RM) experiments of Prestridge et al., Tomkins et al., and Jacobs. Numerical simulations of these experiments will be performed with several different high-resolution shock capturing schemes, including a variety of finite volume Godunov methods. We compare the experimental data for cOnfigurations of one and two diffuse cylinders of SF6 in air with numerical results using several multiscale metrics: fractal analysis, continuous wavelet transforms, and generalized correlations; these measures complement traditional metrics such as PDFs, mix fractions, and integral mixing widths.

  3. New evolution equations for the joint response-excitation probability density function of stochastic solutions to first-order nonlinear PDEs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Venturi, D. [Division of Applied Mathematics, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912 (United States)] [Division of Applied Mathematics, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912 (United States); Karniadakis, G.E., E-mail: george_karniadakis@brown.edu [Division of Applied Mathematics, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912 (United States)

    2012-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    By using functional integral methods we determine new evolution equations satisfied by the joint response-excitation probability density function (PDF) associated with the stochastic solution to first-order nonlinear partial differential equations (PDEs). The theory is presented for both fully nonlinear and for quasilinear scalar PDEs subject to random boundary conditions, random initial conditions or random forcing terms. Particular applications are discussed for the classical linear and nonlinear advection equations and for the advection-reaction equation. By using a Fourier-Galerkin spectral method we obtain numerical solutions of the proposed response-excitation PDF equations. These numerical solutions are compared against those obtained by using more conventional statistical approaches such as probabilistic collocation and multi-element probabilistic collocation methods. It is found that the response-excitation approach yields accurate predictions of the statistical properties of the system. In addition, it allows to directly ascertain the tails of probabilistic distributions, thus facilitating the assessment of rare events and associated risks. The computational cost of the response-excitation method is order magnitudes smaller than the one of more conventional statistical approaches if the PDE is subject to high-dimensional random boundary or initial conditions. The question of high-dimensionality for evolution equations involving multidimensional joint response-excitation PDFs is also addressed.

  4. Leading twist nuclear shadowing, nuclear generalized parton distributions and nuclear DVCS at small x

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Goeke; V. Guzey; M. Siddikov

    2009-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We generalize the leading twist theory of nuclear shadowing and calculate quark and gluon generalized parton distributions (GPDs) of spinless nuclei. We predict very large nuclear shadowing for nuclear GPDs. In the limit of the purely transverse momentum transfer, our nuclear GPDs become impact-parameter-dependent nuclear parton distributions (PDFs). Nuclear shadowing induces nontrivial correlations between the impact parameter b and the light-cone fraction x. We make predictions for the deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) amplitude and the DVCS cross section on Pb-208 at high energies. We calculate the cross section of the Bethe-Heitler (BH) process and address the issue of the extraction of the DVCS signal from the e A \\to e \\gamma A cross section. We find that the e A \\to e \\gamma A differential cross section is dominated by DVCS at the momentum transfer t near the minima of the nuclear form factor. We also find that nuclear shadowing leads to dramatic oscillations of the DVCS beam-spin asymmetry, A_{LU}, as a function of t. The position of the points where A_{LU} changes sign is directly related to the magnitude of nuclear shadowing.

  5. Statistical analysis of the velocity and scalar fields in reacting turbulent wall-jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z. Pouransari; L. Biferale; A. V. Johansson

    2015-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The concept of local isotropy in a chemically reacting turbulent wall-jet flow is addressed using direct numerical simulation (DNS) data. Different DNS databases with isothermal and exothermic reactions are examined. The chemical reaction and heat release effects on the turbulent velocity, passive scalar and reactive species fields are studied using their probability density functions (PDF) and higher order moments for velocities and scalar fields, as well as their gradients. With the aid of the anisotropy invariant maps for the Reynolds stress tensor the heat release effects on the anisotropy level at different wall-normal locations are evaluated and found to be most accentuated in the near-wall region. It is observed that the small-scale anisotropies are persistent both in the near-wall region and inside the jet flame. Two exothermic cases with different Damkohler number are examined and the comparison revealed that the Damkohler number effects are most dominant in the near-wall region, where the wall cooling effects are influential. In addition, with the aid of PDFs conditioned on the mixture fraction, the significance of the reactive scalar characteristics in the reaction zone is illustrated. We argue that the combined effects of strong intermittency and strong persistency of anisotropy at the small scales in the entire domain can affect mixing and ultimately the combustion characteristics of the reacting flow.

  6. DNS of vertical plane channel flow with finite-size particles: Voronoi analysis, acceleration statistics and particle-conditioned averaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Villalba, Manuel; Uhlmann, Markus

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have performed a direct numerical simulation of dilute turbulent particulate flow in a vertical plane channel, fully resolving the phase interfaces. The flow conditions are the same as those in the main case of "Uhlmann, M., Phys. Fluids, vol. 20, 2008, 053305", with the exception of the computational domain length which has been doubled in the present study. The statistics of flow and particle motion are not significantly altered by the elongation of the domain. The large-scale columnar-like structures which had previously been identified do persist and they are still only marginally decorrelated in the prolonged domain. Voronoi analysis of the spatial particle distribution shows that the state of the dispersed phase can be characterized as slightly more ordered than random tending towards a homogeneous spatial distribution. It is also found that the p.d.f.'s of Lagrangian particle accelerations for wall-normal and spanwise directions follow a lognormal distribution as observed in previous experiments of ...

  7. Operator analysis of $p_T$-widths of TMDs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boer, D; Mulders, P J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Transverse momentum dependent (TMD) parton distribution functions (PDFs), TMDs for short, are defined as the Fourier transform of matrix elements of nonlocal combinations of quark and gluon fields. The nonlocality is bridged by gauge links, which for TMDs have characteristic paths (future or past pointing), giving rise to a process dependence that breaks universality. It is possible, however, to construct sets of universal TMDs of which in a given process particular combinations are needed with calculable, process-dependent, coefficients. This occurs for both T-odd and T-even TMDs, including also the {\\it unpolarized} quark and gluon TMDs. This extends the by now well-known example of T-odd TMDs that appear with opposite sign in single-spin azimuthal asymmetries in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering or in the Drell-Yan process. In this paper we analyze the cases where TMDs enter multiplied by products of two transverse momenta, which includes besides the $p_T$-broadening observable, also instances with ...

  8. Proceedings of the TOUGH Symposium 2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moridis, George J.; Doughty, Christine; Finsterle, Stefan; Sonnenthal, Eric

    2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Welcome to the TOUGH Symposium 2009. Within this volume are the Symposium Program for eighty-nine papers to be presented in both oral and poster formats. The full papers are available as pdfs linked from the Symposium Program posted on the TOUGH Symposium 2009 website http://esd.lbl.gov/newsandevents/events/toughsymposium09/program.html Additional updated information including any changes to the Program will also be available at the website. The papers cover a wide range of application areas and reflect the continuing trend toward increased sophistication of the TOUGH codes. A CD containing the proceedings papers will be published immediately following the Symposium and sent to all participants. As in the prior Symposium, selected papers will be invited for submission to a number of journals for inclusion in Special Issues focused on applications and developments of the TOUGH codes. These journals include, Transport in Porous Media, Geothermics, Energy Conversion and Management, Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, and the Vadose Zone Journal.

  9. Characteristic structure of star-forming clouds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Philip C

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper gives a new way to diagnose the star-forming potential of a molecular cloud region from the probability density function of its column density (N-pdf). It gives expressions for the column density and mass profiles of a symmetric filament having the same N-pdf as a filamentary region. The central concentration of this characteristic filament can distinguish regions and can quantify their fertility for star formation. Profiles are calculated for N-pdfs which are pure lognormal, pure power law, or a combination. In relation to models of singular polytropic cylinders, characteristic filaments can be unbound, bound, or collapsing depending on their central concentration. Such filamentary models of the dynamical state of N-pdf gas are more relevant to star-forming regions than are models of spherical collapse. The star formation fertility of a bound or collapsing filament is quantified by its mean mass accretion rate when in radial free fall. For a given mass per length, the fertility increases with the ...

  10. Turbulence in the solar wind: spectra from Voyager 2 data at 5 AU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraternale, F; Iovieno, M; Opher, M; Richardson, J D; Tordella, D

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The solar wind spectral properties are far from uniformity and evolve with the increasing distance from the sun. Most of the available spectra of solar wind turbulence were computed at 1 astronomical unit, while accurate spectra on wide frequency ranges at larger distances are still few. In this paper we consider solar wind spectra derived from the data recorded by the Voyager 2 mission during 1979 at about 5 AU from the sun. Voyager 2 data are an incomplete time series with a voids/signal ratio that typically increases as the spacecraft moves away from the sun (45% missing data in 1979), making the analysis challenging. In order to estimate the uncertainty of the spectral slopes, different methods are tested on synthetic turbulence signals with the same gap distribution as V2 data. Spectra of all variables show a power law scaling with exponents between -2.1 and -1.1, depending on frequency subranges. PDFs and correlations indicate that the flow has a significant intermittency.

  11. LHAPDF6: parton density access in the LHC precision era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andy Buckley; James Ferrando; Stephen Lloyd; Karl Nordstrom; Ben Page; Martin Ruefenacht; Marek Schoenherr; Graeme Watt

    2015-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The Fortran LHAPDF library has been a long-term workhorse in particle physics, providing standardised access to parton density functions for experimental and phenomenological purposes alike, following on from the venerable PDFLIB package. During Run 1 of the LHC, however, several fundamental limitations in LHAPDF's design have became deeply problematic, restricting the usability of the library for important physics-study procedures and providing dangerous avenues by which to silently obtain incorrect results. In this paper we present the LHAPDF 6 library, a ground-up re-engineering of the PDFLIB/LHAPDF paradigm for PDF access which removes all limits on use of concurrent PDF sets, massively reduces static memory requirements, offers improved CPU performance, and fixes fundamental bugs in multi-set access to PDF metadata. The new design, restricted for now to interpolated PDFs, uses centralised numerical routines and a powerful cascading metadata system to decouple software releases from provision of new PDF data and allow completely general parton content. More than 200 PDF sets have been migrated from LHAPDF 5 to the new universal data format, via a stringent quality control procedure. LHAPDF 6 is supported by many Monte Carlo generators and other physics programs, in some cases via a full set of compatibility routines, and is recommended for the demanding PDF access needs of LHC Run 2 and beyond.

  12. Using Neutrino Nucleus Interactions as a Probe of the Strong Interaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morfin, Jorge G. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (United States)

    2011-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutrino scattering experiments have been studying QCD for over 30 years. From the Gargamelle experiments in the early 70's, through the subsequent bubble chamber and electronic detector experiments in the 80's and 90's, neutrino scattering experiments have steadily accumulated increasing statistics and minimized their systematic errors. An example of the more recent studies of QCD with neutrinos is from the TeVatron neutrino beam--the NuTeV {nu}-Fe experiment. The problem the community faces in trying to study QCD with modern neutrino data is that there is no experimentally verified way to scale neutrino-nucleus (for example, Fe) results to the equivalent neutrino-nucleon values making it difficult to combine neutrino nucleus scattering data with charged-lepton nucleus and nucleon scattering data in QCD global fits to extract parton distribution functions. This is particularly crucial since there is now indications that nuclear effects in neutrino nucleus interactions are different than those measured in charged-lepton nucleus scattering. To better understand this situation, the MINER{nu}A neutrino-nucleus scattering experiment at Fermilab, a collaboration of elementary-particle and nuclear physicists, is systematically studying neutrino nuclear effects off of He, C, Fe and Pb for a more thorough A-dependent study of nuclear PDFs and these correction factors.

  13. The structure of ferrihydrite, a nanocrystalline material.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, F. M.; Ehm, L.; Antao, S. M.; Lee, P. L.; Chupas, P. J.; Liu, G.; Strongin, D. R.; Schoonen, M. A.; Phillips, B. L.; Parise, J. B.; CEMS; Stony Brook Univ.; Temple Univ.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite the ubiquity of ferrihydrite in natural sediments and its importance as an industrial sorbent, the nanocrystallinity of this iron oxyhydroxide has hampered accurate structure determination by traditional methods that rely on long-range order. We uncovered the atomic arrangement by real-space modeling of the pair distribution function (PDF) derived from direct Fourier transformation of the total x-ray scattering. The PDF for ferrihydrite synthesized with the use of different routes is consistent with a single phase (hexagonal space group P6{sub 3}mc; a = {approx}5.95 angstroms, c = {approx}9.06 angstroms). In its ideal form, this structure contains 20% tetrahedrally and 80% octahedrally coordinated iron and has a basic structural motif closely related to the Baker-Figgis {delta}-Keggin cluster. Real-space fitting indicates structural relaxation with decreasing particle size and also suggests that second-order effects such as internal strain, stacking faults, and particle shape contribute to the PDFs.

  14. Differential Pair Distribution Function Study of the Structure of Arsenate Adsorbed on Nanocrystalline [gamma]-Alumina

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Wei; Harrington, Richard; Tang, Yuanzhi; Kubicki, James D.; Aryanpour, Masoud; Reeder, Richard J.; Parise, John B.; Phillips, Brian L. (SBU); (Penn)

    2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Structural information is important for understanding surface adsorption mechanisms of contaminants on metal (hydr)oxides. In this work, a novel technique was employed to study the interfacial structure of arsenate oxyanions adsorbed on {gamma}-alumina nanoparticles, namely, differential pair distribution function (d-PDF) analysis of synchrotron X-ray total scattering. The d-PDF is the difference of properly normalized PDFs obtained for samples with and without arsenate adsorbed, otherwise identically prepared. The real space pattern contains information on atomic pair correlations between adsorbed arsenate and the atoms on {gamma}-alumina surface (Al, O, etc.). PDF results on the arsenate adsorption sample on {gamma}-alumina prepared at 1 mM As concentration and pH 5 revealed two peaks at 1.66 {angstrom} and 3.09 {angstrom}, corresponding to As-O and As-Al atomic pair correlations. This observation is consistent with those measured by extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy, which suggests a first shell of As-O at 1.69 {+-} 0.01 {angstrom} with a coordination number of 4 and a second shell of As-Al at 3.13 {+-} 0.04 {angstrom} with a coordination number of 2. These results are in agreement with a bidentate binuclear coordination environment to the octahedral Al of {gamma}-alumina as predicted by density functional theory (DFT) calculation.

  15. QCD evolution in the fully unintegrated form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Jadach; M. Skrzypek

    2009-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The next-to-leading order (NLO) evolution of the parton distribution functions (PDF's) in QCD is the "industry standard" in the lepton-hadron and hadron-hadron collider data analysis. The standard NLO DGLAP evolution is formulated for inclusive (integrated) PDFs and is done using inclusive NLO kernels. We report here on the ongoing project, called KRKMC, in which NLO DGLAP evolution is performed for the exclusive multiparton (fully unintegrated) distributions (ePDF's) with the help of the exclusive kernels. These kernels are calculated within the two-parton phase space for bremsstrahlung subset of the Feynman diagrams of the non-singlet evolution, using Curci-Furmanski-Petronzio factorization scheme. The multiparton distribution with multiple use of the exclusive NLO kernels is implemented in the Monte Carlo program simulating multi-gluon emission from single quark emitter. With high statistics tests ($\\sim 10^{9}$ events) it is shown that the new scheme works perfectly well in practice and is equivalent at the inclusive level with the traditional inclusive NLO DGLAP evolution. Once completed, this Monte Carlo module is aimed as a building block for the NLO parton shower Monte Carlo, for W/Z production at LHC and for ep scattering, as well as a starting point for other perturbative QCD based Monte Carlo projects.

  16. Practical probabilistic ground-water modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodbury, A. [Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada). Dept. of Civil and Geological Engineering; Render, F. [Ministry of Natural Resources, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada); Ulrych, T. [Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada). Dept. of Geophysics and Astronomy

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Current emphasis by the public and scientific communities on environmental risk suggests that methods of probabilistic analysis for subsurface flow and transport will become more heavily utilized. Moreover, a probabilistic framework forces the explicit acknowledgement and treatment of uncertainty. The major obstruction to the effective use of probabilistic models is the determination of the statistical properties of unknown model parameters. In this paper the authors use the principal of minimum relative entropy (MRE) to determine the prior pdf, p(m) of a set of model parameters, (m) based on limited information. The pdf is of the form of a multivariate truncated exponential distribution. In this paper the authors use p(m) in Monte Carlo simulations to provide expected values in field variables such as drawdowns, pumping rates, and confidence limits. The examples presented illustrate some dangers associated with the practice in probabilistic modeling of assigning Gaussian pdf`s as priors. First, such an assumption for the input parameters actually injects more information into the problem than may actually exist, whether consciously or unconsciously. This fact is born out by comparison with minimum relative entropy theory. Second, the output parameters as suggested from the Monte Carlo analysis cannot be assumed to be Gaussian distributed even when the prior pdf is in Gaussian form. In a practical setting, the significance of this result and the approximation of Gaussian form would depend on the cost, risk, and consequences of the decision being made.

  17. Nuclear EMC Effect in a Statistical Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yunhua Zhang; Lijing Shao; Bo-Qiang Ma

    2009-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A simple statistical model in terms of light-front kinematic variables is used to explain the nuclear EMC effect in the range $x \\in [0.2,~0.7]$, which was constructed by us previously to calculate the parton distribution functions (PDFs) of the nucleon. Here, we treat the temperature $T$ as a parameter of the atomic number $A$, and get reasonable results in agreement with the experimental data. Our results show that the larger $A$, the lower $T$ thus the bigger volume $V$, and these features are consistent with other models. Moreover, we give the predictions of the quark distribution ratios, \\emph{i.e.}, $q^A(x) / q^D(x)$, $\\bar{q}^A(x) / \\bar{q}^D(x)$, and $s^A(x) / s^D(x)$, and also the gluon ratio $g^A(x) / g^D(x)$ for iron as an example. The predictions are different from those by other models, thus experiments aiming at measuring the parton ratios of antiquarks, strange quarks, and gluons can provide a discrimination of different models.

  18. An actuarial approach to retrofit savings in buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Subbarao, Krishnappa; Etingov, Pavel V.; Reddy, T. A.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An actuarial method has been developed for determining energy savings from retrofits from energy use data for a number of buildings. This method should be contrasted with the traditional method of using pre- and post-retrofit data on the same building. This method supports the U.S. Department of Energy Building Performance Database of real building performance data and related tools that enable engineering and financial practitioners to evaluate retrofits. The actuarial approach derives, from the database, probability density functions (PDFs) for energy savings from retrofits by creating peer groups for the users pre post buildings. From the energy use distribution of the two groups, the savings PDF is derived. This provides the basis for engineering analysis as well as financial risk analysis leading to investment decisions. Several technical issues are addressed: The savings PDF is obtained from the pre- and post-PDF through a convolution. Smoothing using kernel density estimation is applied to make the PDF more realistic. The low data density problem can be mitigated through a neighborhood methodology. Correlations between pre and post buildings are addressed to improve the savings PDF. Sample size effects are addressed through the Kolmogorov--Smirnov tests and quantile-quantile plots.

  19. Evaluation of a Modified Scheme for Shallow Convection: Implementation of CuP and Case Studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berg, Larry K.; Gustafson, William I.; Kassianov, Evgueni I.; Deng, Liping

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new treatment for shallow clouds has been introduced into the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. The new scheme, called the cumulus potential (CuP) scheme, replaces the ad-hoc trigger function used in the Kain-Fritsch cumulus parameterization with a trigger function related to the distribution of temperature and humidity in the convective boundary layer via probability density functions (PDFs). An additional modification to the default version of WRF is the computation of a cumulus cloud fraction based on the time scales relevant for shallow cumuli. Results from three case studies over the U.S. Department of Energys Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) site in north central Oklahoma are presented. These days were selected because of the presence of shallow cumuli over the ARM site. The modified version of WRF does a much better job predicting the cloud fraction and the downwelling shortwave irradiance thancontrol simulations utilizing the default Kain-Fritsch scheme. The modified scheme includes a number of additional free parameters, including the number and size of bins used to define the PDF, the minimum frequency of a bin within the PDF before that bin is considered for shallow clouds to form, and the critical cumulative frequency of bins required to trigger deep convection. A series of tests were undertaken to evaluate the sensitivity of the simulations to these parameters. Overall, the scheme was found to be relatively insensitive to each of the parameters.

  20. Tracing the general structure of Galactic molecular clouds using Planck data: I. The Perseus region as a test case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanchev, Orlin; Kauffmann, Jens; Donkov, Sava; Shetty, Rahul; Krtgen, Bastian; Klessen, Ralf S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an analysis of probability distribution functions (pdfs) of column density in different zones of the star-forming region Perseus and its diffuse environment based on the map of dust opacity at 353 GHz available from the Planck archive. The pdf shape can be fitted by a combination of a lognormal function and an extended power-law tail at high densities, in zones centred at the molecular cloud Perseus. A linear combination of several lognormals fits very well the pdf in rings surrounding the cloud or in zones of its diffuse neighbourhood. The slope of the mean density scaling law $\\langle\\rho\\rangle_L \\propto L^\\alpha$ is steep ($\\alpha=-1.93$) in the former case and rather shallow ($\\alpha=-0.77\\pm0.11$) in the rings delineated around the cloud. We interpret these findings as signatures of two distinct physical regimes: i) a gravoturbulent one which is characterized by nearly linear scaling of mass and practical lack of velocity scaling; and ii) a predominantly turbulent one which is best described ...

  1. Parton distributions based on a maximally consistent dataset

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juan Rojo

    2014-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The choice of data that enters a global QCD analysis can have a substantial impact on the resulting parton distributions and their predictions for collider observables. One of the main reasons for this has to do with the possible presence of inconsistencies, either internal within an experiment or external between different experiments. In order to assess the robustness of the global fit, different definitions of a conservative PDF set, that is, a PDF set based on a maximally consistent dataset, have been introduced. However, these approaches are typically affected by theory biases in the selection of the dataset. In this contribution, after a brief overview of recent NNPDF developments, we propose a new, fully objective, definition of a conservative PDF set, based on the Bayesian reweighting approach. Using the new NNPDF3.0 framework, we produce various conservative sets, which turn out to be mutually in agreement within the respective PDF uncertainties, as well as with the global fit. We explore some of their implications for LHC phenomenology, finding also good consistency with the global fit result. These results provide a non-trivial validation test of the new NNPDF3.0 fitting methodology, and indicate that possible inconsistencies in the fitted dataset do not affect substantially the global fit PDFs.

  2. Recurrent flow analysis in spatiotemporally chaotic 2-dimensional Kolmogorov flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dan Lucas; Rich Kerswell

    2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated by recent success in the dynamical systems approach to transitional flow, we study the efficiency and effectiveness of extracting simple invariant sets (recurrent flows) directly from chaotic/turbulent flows and the potential of these sets for providing predictions of certain statistics of the flow. Two-dimensional Kolmogorov flow (the 2D Navier-Stokes equations with a sinusoidal body force) is studied both over a square [0, 2{\\pi}]2 torus and a rectangular torus extended in the forcing direction. In the former case, an order of magnitude more recurrent flows are found than previously (Chandler & Kerswell 2013) and shown to give improved predictions for the dissipation and energy pdfs of the chaos via periodic orbit theory. Over the extended torus at low forcing amplitudes, some extracted states mimick the statistics of the spatially-localised chaos present surprisingly well recalling the striking finding of Kawahara & Kida (2001) in low-Reynolds-number plane Couette flow. At higher forcing amplitudes, however, success is limited highlighting the increased dimensionality of the chaos and the need for larger data sets. Algorithmic developments to improve the extraction procedure are discussed.

  3. Measurement of the photon electroproduction cross section at JLAB with the goal of performing a Rosenbluth separation of the DVCS contribution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jimenez-Arguello, Alejandro Marti [Institut de Physique Nucleaire, Orsay

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study of the inner structure of hadrons allows us to understand the nature of the interactions between partons, quarks and gluons, described by Quantum Chromodynamics. The elastic scattering reactions, which have been studied in order to measure the nucleon form factors, are included in this frame. The inelastic scattering reactions are also included in this frame, they allow us to obtain information about the nucleon structure thanks to the development of the parton distribution functions (PDFs). While through elastic scattering we can obtain information about the charge distribution of the nucleon, and hence, about the spatial distribution of the partons, through inelastic scattering we obtain information about the momentum distributions of partons, by employing the PDFs. However, we can study the exclusive inelastic scattering reactions, such as the Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering (DVCS), wich allow us to access to the spatial and momentum distributions simultaneously. This is possible thanks to the generalized parton distributions (GPDs), which allow us to correlate both types of distributions. The process known as DVCS is the easiest way to access the GPDs. This process can be expressed as the scattering of an electron by a proton by means of a virtual photon with the result of the scattered initial particles plus a real photon. We find a process competing with DVCS known as Bethe-Heitler (BH), in which the real photon is radiated by the lepton rather than the quark. Due to the small cross section of DVCS, of the order of nb, in order to conduct these kind of experiments it is necessary to make use of facilities capable of providing high beam intensities. One of these facilities is the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility , where the experiment JLab E07-007, "Complete Separation of Virtual Photon and ?? Electroproduction Observables of Unpolarized Protons", took place during the months of October to December of 2010. The main goal of this experiment is the isolation of the contribution from the term coming form the DVCS from the interference term, resulting from the BH contribution. This isolation is known as "Rosenbluth Separation". The work presented in this thesis focuses on the analysis of the data stored by the electromagnetic calorimeter, employed for the detection of real photons. There is also a a theoretical introduction to the study of the nucleon structure, reviewing the concepts of form factors and parton distributions through elastic and inelastic processes. The computation of the photon leptoproduction cross section is described in detail, as well as the goals of experiment E07-007. This thesis also describes the analysis of the data stored by the electromagnetic calorimeter, with the purpose of obtaining the kinematic variables of the real photons resulting from DVCS reactions. Finally, it describes the selection of events from stored data, the applied cuts to kinematical variables and the background subtraction. Also, the process of extraction of the necessary observables for computing the photon leptoproduction cross section is described, along with the main steps followed to perform the Monte Carlo simulation used in this computation. The resulting cross sections are shown at the end of this thesis.

  4. Polarized Drell-Yan at COMPASS-II: Transverse Spin Physics Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bakur Parsamyan

    2015-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Successful realization of polarized Drell-Yan physics program is one of the main goals of the second stage of the COMPASS experiment. Drell-Yan measurements with high energy (190 GeV/c) pion beam and transversely polarized NH3 target have been initiated by a pilot-run in the October 2014 and will be followed by 140 days of data taking in 2015. In the past twelve years COMPASS experiment performed series of SIDIS measurements with high energy muon beam and transversely polarized deuteron and proton targets. Results obtained for Sivers effect and other target transverse spin dependent and unpolarized azimuthal asymmetries in SIDIS serve as an important input for general understanding of spin-structure of the nucleon and are being used in numerous theoretical and phenomenological studies being carried out in the field of transvers-spin physics. Measurement of the Sivers and all other azimuthal effects in polarized Drell-Yan at COMPASS will reveal another side of the spin-puzzle providing a link between SIDIS and Drell-Yan branches. This will be a unique possibility to test universality and key-features of transverse momentum dependent distribution functions (TMD PDFs) using essentially same experimental setup and exploring same kinematic domain. In this review man physics aspects of future COMPASS polarized Drell-Yan measurement of azimuthal transverse spin asymmetries will be presented, giving a particular emphasis on the link with very recent COMPASS results obtained for SIDIS transverse spin asymmetries from four "Drell-Yan" $Q^2$-ranges.

  5. Updated greenhouse gas and criteria air pollutant emission factors and their probability distribution functions for electricity generating units

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cai, H.; Wang, M.; Elgowainy, A.; Han, J. (Energy Systems)

    2012-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Greenhouse gas (CO{sub 2}, CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O, hereinafter GHG) and criteria air pollutant (CO, NO{sub x}, VOC, PM{sub 10}, PM{sub 2.5} and SO{sub x}, hereinafter CAP) emission factors for various types of power plants burning various fuels with different technologies are important upstream parameters for estimating life-cycle emissions associated with alternative vehicle/fuel systems in the transportation sector, especially electric vehicles. The emission factors are typically expressed in grams of GHG or CAP per kWh of electricity generated by a specific power generation technology. This document describes our approach for updating and expanding GHG and CAP emission factors in the GREET (Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation) model developed at Argonne National Laboratory (see Wang 1999 and the GREET website at http://greet.es.anl.gov/main) for various power generation technologies. These GHG and CAP emissions are used to estimate the impact of electricity use by stationary and transportation applications on their fuel-cycle emissions. The electricity generation mixes and the fuel shares attributable to various combustion technologies at the national, regional and state levels are also updated in this document. The energy conversion efficiencies of electric generating units (EGUs) by fuel type and combustion technology are calculated on the basis of the lower heating values of each fuel, to be consistent with the basis used in GREET for transportation fuels. On the basis of the updated GHG and CAP emission factors and energy efficiencies of EGUs, the probability distribution functions (PDFs), which are functions that describe the relative likelihood for the emission factors and energy efficiencies as random variables to take on a given value by the integral of their own probability distributions, are updated using best-fit statistical curves to characterize the uncertainties associated with GHG and CAP emissions in life-cycle modeling with GREET.

  6. Large eddy simulation of extinction and reignition with artificial neural networks based chemical kinetics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sen, Baris Ali; Menon, Suresh [School of Aerospace Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 270 Ferst Drive, Atlanta, GA 30332-0150 (United States); Hawkes, Evatt R. [School of Photovoltaic and Renewable Energy Engineering, The University of New South Wales, NSW 2052 (Australia); School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, The University of New South Wales, NSW 2052 (Australia)

    2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Large eddy simulation (LES) of a non-premixed, temporally evolving, syngas/air flame is performed with special emphasis on speeding-up the sub-grid chemistry computations using an artificial neural networks (ANN) approach. The numerical setup for the LES is identical to a previous direct numerical simulation (DNS) study, which reported considerable local extinction and reignition physics, and hence, offers a challenging test case. The chemical kinetics modeling with ANN is based on a recent approach, and replaces the stiff ODE solver (DI) to predict the species reaction rates in the subgrid linear eddy mixing (LEM) model based LES (LEMLES). In order to provide a comprehensive evaluation of the current approach, additional information on conditional statistics of some of the key species and temperature are extracted from the previous DNS study and are compared with the LEMLES using ANN (ANN-LEMLES, hereafter). The results show that the current approach can detect the correct extinction and reignition physics with reasonable accuracy compared to the DNS. The syngas flame structure and the scalar dissipation rate statistics obtained by the current ANN-LEMLES are provided to further probe the flame physics. It is observed that, in contrast to H{sub 2}, CO exhibits a smooth variation within the region enclosed by the stoichiometric mixture fraction. The probability density functions (PDFs) of the scalar dissipation rates calculated based on the mixture fraction and CO demonstrate that the mean value of the PDF is insensitive to extinction and reignition. However, this is not the case for the scalar dissipation rate calculated by the OH mass fraction. Overall, ANN provides considerable computational speed-up and memory saving compared to DI, and can be used to investigate turbulent flames in a computationally affordable manner. (author)

  7. Structural Study of Biotic and Abiotic Poorly-crystalline Manganese Oxides Using Atomic Pair Distribution Function Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Billinge S. J.; Zhu, M.; Farrow, C.L.; Post, J.E.; Livi, K.J.T.; Ginder-Vogel, M.; Sparks, D.L.

    2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Manganese (Mn) oxides are among the most reactive natural minerals and play an important role in elemental cycling in oceanic and terrestrial environments. A large portion of naturally-occurring Mn oxides tend to be poorly-crystalline and/or nanocrystalline, with not fully resolved crystal structures. In this study, the crystal structures of their synthetic analogs including acid birnessite (AcidBir), {delta}-MnO{sub 2}, polymeric MnO{sub 2} (PolyMnO{sub 2}) and a bacteriogenic Mn oxide (BioMnO{sub x}), have been revealed using atomic pair distribution function (PDF) analysis. Results unambiguously verify that these Mn oxides are layered materials. The best models that accurately allow simulation of pair distribution functions (PDFs) belong to the monoclinic C12/m1 space group with a disk-like shape. The single MnO{sub 6} layers in the average structures deviate significantly from hexagonal symmetry, in contrast to the results of previous studies based on X-ray diffraction analysis in reciprocal space. Manganese occupancies in MnO{sub 6} layers are estimated to be 0.936, 0.847, 0.930 and 0.935, for AcidBir, BioMnO{sub x}, {delta}-MnO{sub 2} and PolyMnO{sub 2}, respectively; however, occupancies of interlayer cations and water molecules cannot be accurately determined using the models in this study. The coherent scattering domains (CSDs) of PolyMnO{sub 2}, {delta}-MnO{sub 2} and BioMnO{sub x} are at the nanometer scale, comprising one to three MnO{sub 6} layers stacked with a high disorder in the crystallographic c-axis direction. Overall, the results of this study advance our understanding of the mineralogy of Mn oxide minerals in the environment.

  8. Structural study of biotic and abiotic poorly-crystalline manganese oxides using atomic pair distribution function analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhu, Mengqiang; Farrow, Christopher L.; Post, Jeffrey E.; Livi, Kenneth J.T.; Billinge, Simon J.L.; Ginder-Vogel, Matthew; Sparks, Donald L. (Delaware); (Columbia); (JHU); (Smithsonian)

    2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Manganese (Mn) oxides are among the most reactive natural minerals and play an important role in elemental cycling in oceanic and terrestrial environments. A large portion of naturally-occurring Mn oxides tend to be poorly-crystalline and/or nanocrystalline, with not fully resolved crystal structures. In this study, the crystal structures of their synthetic analogs including acid birnessite (AcidBir), {delta}-MnO{sub 2}, polymeric MnO{sub 2} (PolyMnO{sub 2}) and a bacteriogenic Mn oxide (BioMnO{sub x}), have been revealed using atomic pair distribution function (PDF) analysis. Results unambiguously verify that these Mn oxides are layered materials. The best models that accurately allow simulation of pair distribution functions (PDFs) belong to the monoclinic C12/m1 space group with a disk-like shape. The single MnO{sub 6} layers in the average structures deviate significantly from hexagonal symmetry, in contrast to the results of previous studies based on X-ray diffraction analysis in reciprocal space. Manganese occupancies in MnO{sub 6} layers are estimated to be 0.936, 0.847, 0.930 and 0.935, for AcidBir, BioMnOx, {delta}-MnO{sub 2} and PolyMnO{sub 2}, respectively; however, occupancies of interlayer cations and water molecules cannot be accurately determined using the models in this study. The coherent scattering domains (CSDs) of PolyMnO{sub 2}, {delta}-MnO{sub 2} and BioMnO{sub x} are at the nanometer scale, comprising one to three MnO{sub 6} layers stacked with a high disorder in the crystallographic c-axis direction. Overall, the results of this study advance our understanding of the mineralogy of Mn oxide minerals in the environment.

  9. Upgrading RESRAD-RDD and Planning for Improvised Nuclear Device Incidents--The RESRAD-RDD&IND

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Upgrading RESRAD-RDD and Planning for Improvised Nuclear Device Incidents--The RESRAD-RDD&IND Abstract: The RESRAD-RDD code was developed through the interagency Operational Guidelines Task Group (OGT) to assist decision makers, emergency responders, and emergency preparedness planners for response to radiological dispersal device incidents (RDD). The RESRAD-RDD code was released as a companion software tool in 2009 to support the OGT ManualPreliminary Report on Operational Guidelines Developed for Use in Emergency Preparedness and Response to a Radiological Dispersal Device Incident (DOE/HS-0001). The original RESRAD-RDD code was Microsoft Excel based software with the user interface written in Visual Basic. This version of RESRAD-RDD is being converted to a database driven software that runs on Windows 7 operating system in the .NET environment. The new RESRAD-RDD code is being tested to make sure it reproduces old code results. The new code runs faster than the old spreadsheets code by a factor of 10 or so, fewer clicks are required for the same calculations, operational guidelines can be easily located, and the reports can be written to PDFs instead of HTML. Additional radionuclides are also being added to the new RESRAD-RDD code. An Improvised Nuclear Device (IND) scenario is also being added to the code and about 44 - 60 radionuclides will be added to handle IND incident. A new OGT Task Group is in the process of updating the OGT Manual and providing guidance on the development of the IND scenario and methodology. The new code, RESRAD-RDD&IND is expected to be released in early 2015. Charley Yu*, Argonne National Laboratory ; Carlos Corredor, U.S. Department of Energy; Jing-Jy Cheng, Argonne National Laboratory; Sunita Kamboj, Argonne National Laboratory; David LePoire, Argonne National Laboratory; Paul Flood, Argonne National Laboratory

  10. Structural Properties of the Cr(III)-Fe(III) (Oxy)Hydroxide Compositional Series: Insights for a Nanomaterial Solid Solution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tang, Y.; Zhang, L.; Michel, F.M.; Harrington, R.; Parise, J.B.; Reeder, R.J.

    2010-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Chromium(III) (oxy)hydroxide and mixed Cr(III)-Fe(III) (oxy)hydroxides are environmentally important compounds for controlling chromium speciation and bioaccessibility in soils and aquatic systems and are also industrially important as precursors for materials and catalyst synthesis. However, direct characterization of the atomic arrangements of these materials is complicated because of their amorphous X-ray properties. This study involves synthesis of the complete Cr(III)-Fe(III) (oxy)hydroxide compositional series, and the use of complementary thermal, microscopic, spectroscopic, and scattering techniques for the evaluation of their structural properties. Thermal analysis results show that the Cr end member has a higher hydration state than the Fe end member, likely associated with the difference in water exchange rates in the first hydration spheres of Cr(III) and Fe(III). Three stages of weight loss are observed and are likely related to the loss of surface/structural water and hydroxyl groups. As compared to the Cr end member, the intermediate composition sample shows lower dehydration temperatures and a higher exothermic transition temperature. XANES analysis shows Cr(III) and Fe(III) to be the dominant oxidation states. XANES spectra also show progressive changes in the local structure around Cr and Fe atoms over the series. Pair distribution function (PDF) analysis of synchrotron X-ray total scattering data shows that the Fe end member is nanocrystalline ferrihydrite with an intermediate-range order and average coherent domain size of {approx}27 {angstrom}. The Cr end member, with a coherent domain size of {approx}10 {angstrom}, has only short-range order. The PDFs show progressive structural changes across the compositional series. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) results also show the loss of structural order with increasing Cr content. These observations provide strong structural evidence of chemical substitution and progressive structural changes along the compositional series.

  11. Structural Properties of the Cr(III)-Fe(III) (Oxy)hydroxide Compositional Series: Insights for a Nanomaterial "Solid Solution"

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, Y.; Michel, F; Zhang, L; Harrington, R; Parise, J; Reeder, R

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chromium(III) (oxy)hydroxide and mixed Cr(III)-Fe(III) (oxy)hydroxides are environmentally important compounds for controlling chromium speciation and bioaccessibility in soils and aquatic systems and are also industrially important as precursors for materials and catalyst synthesis. However, direct characterization of the atomic arrangements of these materials is complicated because of their amorphous X-ray properties. This study involves synthesis of the complete Cr(III)-Fe(III) (oxy)hydroxide compositional series, and the use of complementary thermal, microscopic, spectroscopic, and scattering techniques for the evaluation of their structural properties. Thermal analysis results show that the Cr end member has a higher hydration state than the Fe end member, likely associated with the difference in water exchange rates in the first hydration spheres of Cr(III) and Fe(III). Three stages of weight loss are observed and are likely related to the loss of surface/structural water and hydroxyl groups. As compared to the Cr end member, the intermediate composition sample shows lower dehydration temperatures and a higher exothermic transition temperature. XANES analysis shows Cr(III) and Fe(III) to be the dominant oxidation states. XANES spectra also show progressive changes in the local structure around Cr and Fe atoms over the series. Pair distribution function (PDF) analysis of synchrotron X-ray total scattering data shows that the Fe end member is nanocrystalline ferrihydrite with an intermediate-range order and average coherent domain size of 27 {angstrom}. The Cr end member, with a coherent domain size of 10 {angstrom}, has only short-range order. The PDFs show progressive structural changes across the compositional series. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) results also show the loss of structural order with increasing Cr content. These observations provide strong structural evidence of chemical substitution and progressive structural changes along the compositional series.

  12. Sensitivity of Surface Flux Simulations to Hydrologic Parameters Based on an Uncertainty Quantification Framework Applied to the Community Land Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hou, Zhangshuan; Huang, Maoyi; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Lin, Guang; Ricciuto, Daniel M.

    2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Uncertainties in hydrologic parameters could have significant impacts on the simulated water and energy fluxes and land surface states, which will in turn affect atmospheric processes and the carbon cycle. Quantifying such uncertainties is an important step toward better understanding and quantification of uncertainty of integrated earth system models. In this paper, we introduce an uncertainty quantification (UQ) framework to analyze sensitivity of simulated surface fluxes to selected hydrologic parameters in the Community Land Model (CLM4) through forward modeling. Thirteen flux tower footprints spanning a wide range of climate and site conditions were selected to perform sensitivity analyses by perturbing the parameters identified. In the UQ framework, prior information about the parameters was used to quantify the input uncertainty using the Minimum-Relative-Entropy approach. The quasi-Monte Carlo approach was applied to generate samples of parameters on the basis of the prior pdfs. Simulations corresponding to sampled parameter sets were used to generate response curves and response surfaces and statistical tests were used to rank the significance of the parameters for output responses including latent (LH) and sensible heat (SH) fluxes. Overall, the CLM4 simulated LH and SH show the largest sensitivity to subsurface runoff generation parameters. However, study sites with deep root vegetation are also affected by surface runoff parameters, while sites with shallow root zones are also sensitive to the vadose zone soil water parameters. Generally, sites with finer soil texture and shallower rooting systems tend to have larger sensitivity of outputs to the parameters. Our results suggest the necessity of and possible ways for parameter inversion/calibration using available measurements of latent/sensible heat fluxes to obtain the optimal parameter set for CLM4. This study also provided guidance on reduction of parameter set dimensionality and parameter calibration framework design for CLM4 and other land surface models under different hydrologic and climatic regimes.

  13. On-the-fly generation of differential resonance scattering probability distribution functions for Monte Carlo codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sunny, E. E.; Martin, W. R. [University of Michigan, 2355 Bonisteel Boulevard, Ann Arbor MI 48109 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Current Monte Carlo codes use one of three models to model neutron scattering in the epithermal energy range: (1) the asymptotic scattering model, (2) the free gas scattering model, or (3) the S({alpha},{beta}) model, depending on the neutron energy and the specific Monte Carlo code. The free gas scattering model assumes the scattering cross section is constant over the neutron energy range, which is usually a good approximation for light nuclei, but not for heavy nuclei where the scattering cross section may have several resonances in the epithermal region. Several researchers in the field have shown that using the free gas scattering model in the vicinity of the resonances in the lower epithermal range can under-predict resonance absorption due to the up-scattering phenomenon. Existing methods all involve performing the collision analysis in the center-of-mass frame, followed by a conversion back to the laboratory frame. In this paper, we will present a new sampling methodology that (1) accounts for the energy-dependent scattering cross sections in the collision analysis and (2) acts in the laboratory frame, avoiding the conversion to the center-of-mass frame. The energy dependence of the scattering cross section was modeled with even-ordered polynomials to approximate the scattering cross section in Blackshaw's equations for the moments of the differential scattering PDFs. These moments were used to sample the outgoing neutron speed and angle in the laboratory frame on-the-fly during the random walk of the neutron. Results for criticality studies on fuel pin and fuel assembly calculations using these methods showed very close comparison to results using the reference Doppler-broadened rejection correction (DBRC) scheme. (authors)

  14. In situ X-ray pair distribution function analysis of accelerated carbonation of a synthetic calcium-?silicate?-hydrate gel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morandeau, Antoine E.; White, Claire E. (Princeton)

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Calciumsilicatehydrate (CSH) gel is the main binder component in hydrated ordinary Portland cement (OPC) paste, and is known to play a crucial role in the carbonation of cementitious materials, especially for more sustainable alternatives containing supplementary cementitious materials. However, the exact atomic structural changes that occur during carbonation of CSH gel remain unknown. Here, we investigate the local atomic structural changes that occur during carbonation of a synthetic calciumsilicatehydrate gel exposed to pure CO? vapour, using in situ X-ray total scattering measurements and subsequent pair distribution function (PDF) analysis. By analysing both the reciprocal and real-space scattering data as the CSH carbonation reaction progresses, all phases present during the reaction (crystalline and non-crystalline) have been identified and quantified, with the results revealing the emergence of several polymorphs of crystalline calcium carbonate (vaterite and calcite) in addition to the decalcified CSH gel. Furthermore, the results point toward residual calcium being present in the amorphous decalcified gel, potentially in the form of an amorphous calcium carbonate phase. As a result of the quantification process, the reaction kinetics for the evolution of the individual phases have been obtained, revealing new information on the rate of growth/dissolution for each phase associated with CSH gel carbonation. Moreover, the investigation reveals that the use of real space diffraction data in the form of PDFs enables more accurate determination of the phases that develop during complex reaction processes such as CSH gel carbonation in comparison to the conventional reciprocal space Rietveld analysis approach.

  15. Reproducibility of Tumor Motion Probability Distribution Function in Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy of Lung Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang Fan [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States) [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Hu Jing [Department of Radiation Oncology, National Cancer Centre (Singapore)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, National Cancer Centre (Singapore); Kelsey, Chris R.; Yoo, David [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Yin Fangfang [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States) [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Cai Jing, E-mail: jing.cai@duke.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (United States)

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To evaluate the reproducibility of tumor motion probability distribution function (PDF) in stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) of lung cancer using cine megavoltage (MV) images. Methods and Materials: Cine MV images of 20 patients acquired during three-dimensional conformal (6-11 beams) SBRT treatments were retrospectively analyzed to extract tumor motion trajectories. For each patient, tumor motion PDFs were generated per fraction (PDF{sub n}) using three selected 'usable' beams. Patients without at least three usable beams were excluded from the study. Fractional PDF reproducibility (R{sub n}) was calculated as the Dice similarity coefficient between PDF{sub n} to a 'ground-truth' PDF (PDF{sub g}), which was generated using the selected beams of all fractions. The mean of R{sub n}, labeled as R{sub m}, was calculated for each patient and correlated to the patient's mean tumor motion rang (A{sub m}). Change of R{sub m} during the course of SBRT treatments was also evaluated. Intra- and intersubject coefficient of variation (CV) of R{sub m} and A{sub m} were determined. Results: Thirteen patients had at least three usable beams and were analyzed. The mean of R{sub m} was 0.87 (range, 0.84-0.95). The mean of A{sub m} was 3.18 mm (range, 0.46-7.80 mm). R{sub m} was found to decrease as A{sub m} increases following an equation of R{sub m} = 0.17e{sup -0.9Am} + 0.84. R{sub m} also decreased slightly throughout the course of treatments. Intersubject CV of R{sub m} (0.05) was comparable to intrasubject CV of R{sub m} (range, 0.02-0.09); intersubject CV of A{sub m} (0.73) was significantly greater than intrasubject CV of A{sub m} (range, 0.09-0.24). Conclusions: Tumor motion PDF can be determined using cine MV images acquired during the treatments. The reproducibility of lung tumor motion PDF decreased exponentially as the tumor motion range increased and decreased slightly throughout the course of the treatments.

  16. Quantification of the Variability of Diaphragm Motion and Implications for Treatment Margin Construction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rit, Simon; Herk, Marcel van; Zijp, Lambert [Department of Radiation Oncology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute-Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Sonke, Jan-Jakob, E-mail: j.sonke@nki.nl [Department of Radiation Oncology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute-Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To quantify the variability of diaphragm motion during free-breathing radiotherapy of lung patients and its effect on treatment margins to account for geometric uncertainties. Methods and Materials: Thirty-three lung cancer patients were analyzed. Each patient had 5-19 cone-beam scans acquired during different treatment fractions. The craniocaudal position of the diaphragm dome on the same side as the tumor was tracked over 2 min in the projection images, because it is both easily visible and a suitable surrogate to study the variability of the tumor motion and its impact on treatment margins. Intra-acquisition, inter-acquisition, and inter-patient variability of the respiratory cycles were quantified separately, as were the probability density functions (PDFs) of the diaphragm position over each cycle, each acquisition, and each patient. Asymmetric margins were simulated using each patient PDF and compared to symmetric margins computed from a margin recipe. Results: The peak-to-peak amplitude variability (1 SD) was 3.3 mm, 2.4 mm, and 6.1 mm for the intra-acquisition, inter-acquisition, and inter-patient variability, respectively. The average PDF of each cycle was similar to the sin{sup 4} function but the PDF of each acquisition was closer to a skew-normal distribution because of the motion variability. Despite large interfraction baseline variability, the PDF of each patient was generally asymmetric with a longer end-inhale tail because the end-exhale position was more stable than the end-inhale position. The asymmetry of the PDF required asymmetric margins around the time-averaged position to account for the position uncertainty but the average difference was 1.0 mm (range, 0.0-4.4 mm) for a sharp penumbra and an idealized online setup correction protocol. Conclusion: The respiratory motion is more irregular during the fractions than between the fractions. The PDF of the respiratory motion is asymmetrically distributed. Both the intra-acquisition variability and the PDF asymmetry have a limited impact on dose distributions and inferred margins. The use of a margin recipe to account for respiratory motion with an estimate of the average motion amplitude was adequate in almost all patients.

  17. Report of Official Foreign Travel to Germany, May 16-June 1, 2001

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. D. Mason

    2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy (DOE) and associated agencies have moved rapidly toward electronic production, management, and dissemination of scientific and technical information. The World-Wide Web (WWW) has become a primary means of information dissemination. Electronic commerce (EC) is becoming the preferred means of procurement. DOE, like other government agencies, depends on and encourages the use of international standards in data communications. Like most government agencies, DOE has expressed a preference for openly developed standards over proprietary designs promoted as ''standards'' by vendors. In particular, there is a preference for standards developed by organizations such as the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) that use open, public processes to develop their standards. Among the most widely adopted international standards is the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML, ISO 8879:1986, FIPS 152), to which DOE long ago made a commitment. Besides the official commitment, which has resulted in several specialized projects, DOE makes heavy use of coding derived from SGML: Most documents on the WWW are coded in HTML (Hypertext Markup Language), which is an application of SGML. The World-Wide Web Consortium (W3C), with the backing of major software houses like Adobe, IBM, Microsoft, Netscape, Oracle, and Sun, is promoting XML (eXtensible Markup Language), a class of SGML applications, for the future of the WWW and the basis for EC. In support of DOE's use of these standards, I have served since 1985 as Chairman of the international committee responsible for SGML and related standards, ISO/IEC JTC1/SC34 (SC34) and its predecessor organizations. During my May 2001 trip, I chaired the spring 2001 meeting of SC34 in Berlin, Germany. I also attended XML Europe 2001, a major conference on the use of SGML and XML sponsored by the Graphic Communications Association (GCA), and chaired a meeting of the International SGML/XML Users' Group (ISUG). In addition to the widespread use of the WWW among DOE's plants and facilities in Oak Ridge and among DOE sites across the nation, there have been several past and present SGML- and XML-based projects at the Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12). Our local project team has done SGML and XML development at Y-12 and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) since the late 1980s. SGML is a component of the Weapons Records Archiving and Preservation (WRAP) project at Y-12 and is the format for catalog metadata chosen for weapons records by the Nuclear Weapons Information Group (NWIG). The ''Ferret'' system for automated classification analysis uses XML to structure its knowledge base. The Ferret team also provides XML consulting to OSTI and DOE Headquarters, particularly the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). Supporting standards development allows DOE and Y-12 the opportunity both to provide input into the process and to benefit from contact with some of the leading experts in the subject matter. Oak Ridge has been for some years the location to which other DOE sites turn for expertise in SGML, XML, and related topics.

  18. An investigation of the sub-grid variability of trace gases and aerosols for global climate modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Qian, Yun; Gustafson, William I.; Fast, Jerome D.

    2010-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    One fundamental property and limitation of grid based models is their inability to identify spatial details smaller than the grid cell size. While decades of work have gone into developing sub-grid treatments for clouds and land surface processes in climate models, the quantitative understanding of sub-grid processes and variability for aerosols and their precursors is much poorer. In this study, WRF-Chem is used to simulate the trace gases and aerosols over central Mexico during the 2006 MILAGRO field campaign, with multiple spatial resolutions and emission/terrain scenarios. Our analysis focuses on quantifying the sub-grid variability (SGV) of trace gases and aerosols within a typical global climate model grid cell, i.e. 75x75 km2. Our results suggest that a simulation with 3-km horizontal grid spacing adequately reproduces the overall transport and mixing of trace gases and aerosols downwind of Mexico City, while 75-km horizontal grid spacing is insufficient to represent local emission and terrain-induced flows along the mountain ridge, subsequently affecting the transport and mixing of plumes from nearby sources. Therefore, the coarse model grid cell average may not correctly represent aerosol properties measured over polluted areas. Probability density functions (PDFs) for trace gases and aerosols show that secondary trace gases and aerosols, such as O3, sulfate, ammonium, and nitrate, are more likely to have a relatively uniform probability distribution (i.e. smaller SGV) over a narrow range of concentration values. Mostly inert and long-lived trace gases and aerosols, such as CO and BC, are more likely to have broad and skewed distributions (i.e. larger SGV) over polluted regions. Over remote areas, all trace gases and aerosols are more uniformly distributed compared to polluted areas. Both CO and O3 SGV vertical profiles are nearly constant within the PBL during daytime, indicating that trace gases are very efficiently transported and mixed vertically by turbulence. But, simulated horizontal variability indicates that trace gases and aerosols are not well mixed horizontally in the PBL. During nighttime the SGV for trace gases is maximum at the surface, and quickly decreases with height. Unlike the trace gases, the SGV of BC and secondary aerosols reaches a maximum at the PBL top during the day. The SGV decreases with distance away from the polluted urban area, has a more rapid decrease for long-lived trace gases and aerosols than for secondary ones, and is greater during daytime than nighttime. The SGV of trace gases and aerosols is generally larger than for meteorological quantities. Emissions can account for up to 50% of the SGV over urban areas such as Mexico City during daytime for less-reactive trace gases and aerosols, such as CO and BC. The impact of emission spatial variability on SGV decays with altitude in the PBL and is insignificant in the free troposphere. The emission variability affects SGV more significantly during daytime (rather than nighttime) and over urban (rather than rural or remote) areas. The terrain, through its impact on meteorological fields such as wind and the PBL structure, affects dispersion and transport of trace gases and aerosols and their SGV.

  19. NUCLEAR ENERGY SYSTEM COST MODELING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Francesco Ganda; Brent Dixon

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energys Fuel Cycle Technologies (FCT) Program is preparing to perform an evaluation of the full range of possible Nuclear Energy Systems (NES) in 2013. These include all practical combinations of fuels and transmuters (reactors and sub-critical systems) in single and multi-tier combinations of burners and breeders with no, partial, and full recycle. As part of this evaluation, Levelized Cost of Electricity at Equilibrium (LCAE) ranges for each representative system will be calculated. To facilitate the cost analyses, the 2009 Advanced Fuel Cycle Cost Basis Report is being amended to provide up-to-date cost data for each step in the fuel cycle, and a new analysis tool, NE-COST, has been developed. This paper explains the innovative Island approach used by NE-COST to streamline and simplify the economic analysis effort and provides examples of LCAE costs generated. The Island approach treats each transmuter (or target burner) and the associated fuel cycle facilities as a separate analysis module, allowing reuse of modules that appear frequently in the NES options list. For example, a number of options to be screened will include a once-through uranium oxide (UOX) fueled light water reactor (LWR). The UOX LWR may be standalone, or may be the first stage in a multi-stage system. Using the Island approach, the UOX LWR only needs to be modeled once and the module can then be reused on subsequent fuel cycles. NE-COST models the unit operations and life cycle costs associated with each step of the fuel cycle on each island. This includes three front-end options for supplying feedstock to fuel fabrication (mining/enrichment, reprocessing of used fuel from another island, and/or reprocessing of this islands used fuel), along with the transmuter and back-end storage/disposal. Results of each island are combined based on the fractional energy generated by each islands in an equilibrium system. The cost analyses use the probability distributions of key parameters and employs Monte Carlo sampling to arrive at an islands cost probability density function (PDF). When comparing two NES to determine delta cost, strongly correlated parameters can be cancelled out so that only the differences in the systems contribute to the relative cost PDFs. For example, one comparative analysis presented in the paper is a single stage LWR-UOX system versus a two-stage LWR-UOX to LWR-MOX system. In this case, the first stage of both systems is the same (but with different fractional energy generation), while the second stage of the UOX to MOX system uses the same type transmuter but the fuel type and feedstock sources are different. In this case, the cost difference between systems is driven by only the fuel cycle differences of the MOX stage.